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Full text of "Motif-index of medieval Spanish folk narratives"

MOTIF-INDEX 

OF 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 



coeDievAL & ReMAissAMce 



xexTS & STuDies 



Volume 162 




MOTIF-INDEX 

OF 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 



by 

Harriet Goldberg 



CDeDieVAL & R6N2k.lSS2iK]Ce TeXTS & STu&ies 

TempCj Arizona 
1998 



A generous grant from The Program for Culmral Cooperation between 
Spain's Ministry of Culture and United States Universities has assisted in 
meeting the publication costs of this volume. 



© Copyright 1998 
Arizona Board of Regents for Arizona State University 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in- Publication Data 

Goldberg, Harriet. 

Motif-index of medieval Spanish folk narratives / by Harriet 
Goldberg. 

p. cm. — (Medieval & Renaissance texts and studies ; vol. 162) 
Includes bibliographical references and index. 
ISBN: 0-86698-203-5 (alk. paper) 

1. Folklore — Spain — Themes, motives. 2. Folklore — Spain — 
Classification. 3. Tales, Medieval — ^Themes, motives. 4. Tales, 
Medieval — Classification. I. Title. II. Series: Medieval & Renaissance 
texts and studies ] v. 162. 
GR230.G57 1997 

398.2 '0946 '0902— dc21 97-31019 

CIP 



This book is made to last. 

It is set in Plantin, 

smythe-sewn and printed on acid-free paper 

to library specifications. 



Printed in the United States of America 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS vi 

INTRODUCTION xiii 

Texts Examined for Motifs xxi 

Source Texts, Abbreviations, and the Niunber of Entries xxv 

Notations Explained xxvi 

Critical Works Consvilted xxvii 

MOTIFS A-Z 1 

CORRESPONDENCES BETWEEEN MOTIF NUMBERS 

AND TUBACH TOPICAL NUMBERS 2 1 3 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX 227 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS 

A. MYTHOLOGICAL MOTIFS 1 
A100-A499. GODS 

A100-A199. The gods in general 
A500-A599. DEMIGODS AND CULTURE HEROES 
A900-A999. TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE EARTH 
A1000-A1099. WORLD CALAMITIES AND RENEWALS 
A1100-A1199. ESTABLISHMENT OF NATURAL ORDER 
A1200-A1699. CREATION AND ORDERING OF HUMAN LIFE 

A1300-A1399. Ordering of hviman life 

A1400-A1499. Acquisition of culture 

A1500-A1599. Origin of customs 
A2200-A2599. ANIMAL CHARACTERISTICS 

A2300-A2399. Causes of animal characteristics: body 

A2400-A2499. Causes of animal characteristics: 
appearance and habits 

A2500-A2599. Animal characteristics: miscellaneous 
A2800-A2899. MISCELLANEOUS EXPLANATIONS 

B. ANIMALS 4 
B0-B99. MYTHICAL ANIMALS 

B100-B199. MAGIC ANIMALS 

B200-B299. ANIMALS WITH HUMAN TRAITS 

B250-B259. Religious animals 
B300-B599. FRIENDLY ANIMALS 

B300-B349. Helpful animals: general 

B350-B399. Grateful animals 

B400-B499. Kinds of helpful animals 

B500-B599. Services of helpful animals 
B700-B799. FANCIFUL TRAITS OF ANIMALS 

C. TABU 10 
C0-C99. TABU CONNECTED WITH SUPERNATURAL 

BEINGS 
C100-C199. SEX TABU 

C200-C299. EATING AND DRINKING TABUS 
C400-C499. SPEAKING TABUS 
C600-C699. UNIQUE PROHIBITION 
C700-C899. MISCELLANEOUS TABUS 
C900-C999. PUNISHMENT FOR BREAKING TABU 



vi SUMMARY OF MOTIFS 



D. MAGIC 14 
D0-D699. TRANSFORMATION 

D450-D499. Transformation: object to object 
D700-D799. DISENCHANTMENT 
D800-D1699. MAGIC OBJECTS 

D800-D899. Ownership of magic objects 

D900-D1299. Kinds of magic objects 

D1300-D1599. Fimction of magic objects 

D1600-D1699. Characteristics of magic objects 
D1700-D2199. MAGIC POWERS AND MANIFESTATIONS 

D1710-D1799. Possession and means of employment of 
magic powers 

D1800-D2199 Manifestations of magic power 

D2050-D2099. Destructive magic powers 

D2100-D2199. Other manifestations of magic power 

E. THE DEAD 29 
E0-E199. RESUSCITATION 

E200-E599. GHOSTS AND OTHER REVENANTS 
E200-E299. Malevolent retvim from the dead 
E300-E399. Friendly return from the dead 
E400-E599. Ghosts and revenants: miscellaneous 

E600-E699. REINCARNATION 

E700-E799. THE SOUL 

F. MARVELS 37 
F0-F199. OTHERWORLD JOURNEYS 

F110-F199. Miscellaneous otherworlds 
F200-F699. MARVELOUS CREATURES 

F400-F499. Spirits and demons 

F500-F599. Remarkable persons 

F600-F699. Persons with extraordinary powers 
F700-F899. EXTRAORDINARY PLACES AND THINGS 
F900-F1099. EXTRAORDINARY OCCURRENCES 

G. OGRES 41 
G10-G399. KINDS OF OGRES 

G300-G399. Other ogres 
G400-G499. FALLING INTO OGRE'S POWER 

H. TESTS 46 

H0-H199. IDENTITY TESTS: RECOGNITION 
H200-H299. TESTS OF TRUTH 
H300-H499. MARRIAGE TESTS 
H400-H459. Chastity tests 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS vii 



H500-H899. TESTS OF CLEVERNESS 

H530-H599. Riddles 
H900-H1199. TESTS OF PROWESS: TASKS 

H900-H999. Assignment and performance of tasks 
H1200-H1399. TESTS OF PROWESS: QUESTS 
H1400-H1599. OTHER TESTS 

H1570-H1599. Miscellaneous tests 

J. THE WISE AND THE FOOLISH 55 

J0-J199. ACQUISITION, POSSESSION OF WISDOM 

(KNOWLEDGE) 
J200-J1099. WISE AND UNWISE CONDUCT 

J200-J499. Choices 

J500-J599. Prudence and discretion 

J600-J799. Forethought 

J800-J849. Adaptability 

J850-J899. Consolation in misfortune 

J900-J999. Humility 

J1000-J1099. Other aspects of wisdom 
J1100-J1699. CLEVERNESS 

J1100-J1249. Clever persons and acts 

J1210-J1229. Clever person puts another out of countenance 

J1250-J1499. Clever verbal retorts (repartee) 

J1500-J1649. Clever practical retorts 

J1650-J1699. Miscellaneous clever acts 
J1700-J2749. FOOLS AND OTHER UNWISE PERSONS 

J1700-J1729. Fools (general) 

J1730-J1749. Absurd ignorance 

J1750-J1849. Absurd misunderstandings 

J1850-J1999. Absurd disregard of facts 

J2050-J2199. Absurd shortsightedness 

J2200-J2259. Absurd lack of logic 

J2260-J2299. Absurd scientific theories 

J2300-J2349. Gullible fools 

J2350-J2369. Talkative fools 

J2370-J2399. Inquisitive fools 

J2400-J2449. Foolish imitation 

J2450-J2499. Literal fools 

K. DECEPTIONS 93 

K0-K99. CONTESTS WON BY DECEPTION 
K100-K299. DECEPTIVE BARGAINS 

K200-K249. Deception in payment of debt 
K300-K499. THEFTS AND CHEATS 
K500-K699. ESCAPE BY DECEPTION 
K700-K799. CAPTURE BY DECEPTION 



viii SUMMARY OF MOTIFS 



K800-K999. KILLING OR MAIMING BY DECEPTION 
K1000-K1199. DECEPTION INTO SELF-INJURY 
K1200-K1299. DECEPTION INTO HUMILIATING 

POSITION 
K1300-K1399. SEDUCTION OR DECEPTIVE 

MARRIAGE 
K1500-K1599. DECEPTIONS CONNECTED WITH 

ADULTERY 
K1600-K1699. DECEIVER FALLS INTO OWN TRAP 
K1700-K2099. DECEPTIONS THROUGH SHAMS 

K1800-K1899. Deception through disguise or illusion 

K1900-K1999. Impostures 

K2000-K2099. Hypocrites 
K2100-K2199. FALSE ACCUSATIONS 
K2200-K2299. VILLAINS AND TRAITORS 
K2300-K2399. OTHER DECEPTIONS 

L. REVERSAL OF FORTUNE 1 1 3 

L0-L99. VICTORIOUS YOUNGEST CHILD 
L100-L199. UNPROMISING HERO (HEROINE) 
L200-L299. MODESTY BRINGS REWARD 
L300-L399. TRIUMPH OF THE WEAK 
L400-L499. PRIDE BROUGHT LOW 

M. ORDAINING THE FUTURE 1 1 6 

M0-M99. JUDGEMENTS AND DECREES 
M100-M199. VOWS AND OATHS 
M200-M299. BARGAINS AND PROMISES 
M300-M399. PROPHECIES 
M400-M499. CURSES 

N. CHANCE AND FATE 122 

N0-N99. WAGERS AND GAMBLING 
N100-N299. THE WAYS OF LUCK AND FATE 
N300-N399. UNLUCKY ACCIDENTS 
N400-N699. LUCKY ACCIDENTS 

N440-N499. Valuable secrets learned 

N500-N599. Treasure trove 

N600-N699. Other lucky accidents 

P. SOCIETY 126 

P0-P99. ROYALTY AND NOBIUTY 
P100-P199. OTHER SOCIAL ORDERS 
P200-P299. THE FAMILY 

P300-P399. OTHER SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS 
P400-P499. TRADES AND PROFESSIONS 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS ix 



P500-P599. GOVERNMENT 

P600-P699. CUSTOMS 

P700-P799. SOCIETY: MISCELLANEOUS 

Q. REWARDS AND PUNISHMENTS 134 

Q10-Q99. DEEDS REWARDED 
Q100-Q199. NATURE OF REWARDS 
Q200-Q399. DEEDS PUNISHED 
Q400-Q599. KINDS OF PUNISHMENTS 

R. CAPTIVES AND FUGITIVES 150 

R0-R99. CAPTIVITY 
R100-R199. RESCUES 
R200-R299. ESCAPES AND PURSUITS 

S. UNNATURAL CRUELTY 153 

S0-S99. CRUEL RELATIVES 

S100-S199. REVOLTING MURDERS OR MUTILATIONS 
S200-S299. CRUEL SACRIFICES 
S300-S399. ABANDONED OR MURDERED CHILDREN 

T. SEX 157 

T0-T99. LOVE 
T100-T199. MARRIAGE 
T200-T299. MARRIED LIFE 
T300-T399. CHASTITY AND CEUBACY 
T400-T499. ILUCIT SEXUAL RELATIONS 
T500-T599. CONCEPTION AND BIRTH 
T600-T699. CARE OF CHILDREN 

U. THE NATURE OF UFE 171 

U0-U99. LIFE'S INEQUITIES 
U100-U299. THE NATURE OF UFE: 
MISCELLANEOUS MOTIFS 

V. RELIGION 176 

V0-V99. REUGIOUS SERVICES 
V100-V199. RELIGIOUS EDIFICES AND OBJECTS 
V200-V299. SACRED PERSONS 
V300-V399. RELIGIOUS BELIEFS 
V400-V449. RELIGIOUS VIRTUES 
V450-V499. RELIGIOUS ORDERS 
V50(>-V599. RELIGIOUS MOTIFS: MISCELLANEOUS 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS 



W. TRAITS OF CHARACTER 199 

W0-W99. FAVORABLE TRAITS OF CHARACTER 
W100-W199. UNFAVORABLE TRAITS OF CHARACTER 

X. HUMOR 206 

X0-X99. HUMOR OF DISCOMFITURE 
X200-X599. HUMOR OF SOCIAL CLASSES 
X300-X499. Hvimor dealing with professions 
X500-X599. Humor concerning other social classes 
X700-X799. HUMOR CONCERNING SEX 
X800-X899. HUMOR BASED ON DRUNKENNESS 
X900-X1899. HUMOR OF LIES AND EXAGGERATION 

Z. MISCELLANEOUS GROUP OF MOTIFS 210 

Z0-Z99. FORMULAS 
Z100-Z199. SYMBOUSM 
Z200-Z299. HEROES 
Z300-Z399. UNIQUE EXCEPTIONS 



SUMMARY OF MOTIFS 



INTRODUCTION 

The utility of an index of folk-motifs clearly lies in its ability to present 
in an orderly framework those transitory flashes of recognition that we ex- 
perience upon hearing a familiar story or a familiar narrative component in 
a new context. A motif-index also shows us that all storytellers' bits and 
pieces are migratory and that they circulate in both time and space. Per- 
haps even more importantly, a motif index makes those of us interested in 
narratology increasingly aware of the possibilities for combining these nar- 
rative units. With this awareness we come close to penetrating the mystery 
of the nature of storytelling. In fact, we can say that the narrative impulse 
may derive energy from an unspoken awareness of the corpus of tales with- 
in a given culture. Robert S. Georges recognized that tale types are not 
just research tools: "The tale-type concept is one which is both rooted in, 
and is a manifestation of, intellectual or cognitive processes which are in- 
nate rather than learned" ("The Universality of the Tale-Type," 28). 
Surely this observation can be extended to include folk-motifs. 

There are, of course, various ways to classify folktales. In the early days 
of organizing taxonomically the corpus of international folktales, Antti 
Aame compiled his tale-type index (originally in 1910, revised 1928, 
translated into English by Stith Thompson 1960) topically: Animal Tales, 
Ordinary Folk-Tales, Jokes and Anecdotes, Formula Tales, and Unclassi- 
fied Tales. A tale-type, according to David Azzolina, has three features: "A 
tale type is a story-line distinct from other story lines; . . . each tale type 
consists of a binding together or sequence of smaller units known as 
motifs; ... a tale type is a kind of abstraction which is actually manifested 
in multiple versions or variants" (Tale Type- and Motif-Indexes, xii). In 
other words, a tale type simply says: "This is the story of a person / animal 
who . . ." 

Aame intended to collate complete recognizable folk narratives without 
isolating their components. He cautioned: "It might also naturally be con- 
ceivable to work out a classification of separate episodes and motifs, yet 
this would have necessitated such a cutting into pieces of all complete folk- 
tales that the scholar would be able to make a much more limited use of 
the classification" (cited by Thompson, The Folktale, 417). 

Stith Thompson, however, was not deterred by this caveat and under- 
took the monimiental task of designing an index of folk motifs because of 
the deficiencies in tale-type classification that he fovmd. He explained: "A 
type is a traditional tale that has an independent existence" and may con- 
sist of one motif or more than one (The Folktale, 415). A motif, on the 
other hand, "is the smallest element in a tale having a power to persist in 
tradition." Some tale-types are made up of several motifs, but other tale- 
types are limited to one motif with a single outcome or result, without al- 



INTRODUCTION 



temative possibilities. His definition falters when he gives the three classes 
into which motifs fall: actors ("gods, unusual animals, marvelous creatures 
like witches, ogres or fairies, conventionalized human characters"), items 
in the background of the action ("magic objects, unusual customs, strange 
behefs"), and single incidents {The Folktale^ 415-16). Clearly, actors or 
agents are easily identifiable and compatible, but, his "items" are a group- 
ing of unlike quantities. It would require a creative stretch to see a rela- 
tionship between magic objects and unusual customs. The third class, sin- 
gle incidents, obviously includes some motifs that coincide with tale types 
because they too can exist independently. Alan Dundes finds these dis- 
parities disquieting: "If motifs can be actors and incidents, then they are 
hardly units. They are not measures of a single quantity" ("From Etic to 
Emic Units" 63). * 

Besides the classificatory difficulties in Aame's index, Thompson fovind 
it further limited in that it does not include "such pardy literary forms as 
the exemplum and the fabliau," nor does it treat non-European traditional 
tales {Motif-Index, 1.9 n. 3). To extend the system beyond Europe and be- 
yond the simple folktale and jest, Thompson devised a potentially more in- 
clusive scheme that catalogued single motifs, narrative raw material, "those 
details out of which full-fledged narratives are composed" {Motif-Index 
1.10).^ Thus, by identifying motifs — the transferable components of folk- 
tales — Thompson's index makes possible the discovery of cross-cviltural 
narrative coincidences.' 

The six-volume Motif-Index covered folktales, ballads, myths, fables, 
medieval romances, exempla, fabliaux, jest-books, and local legends, and 
it generated a series of applications of the technique to specific bodies of 
tales (1.12-18). Among these were John Keller's index of medieval 
Spanish exempla {Motif-Index, 1949) and a subsequent index with James 
H. Johnson of Aesopic fables ("Motif-Index Classification," 1954).'* 

The present volimie fits into this genealogy of motif indexes by fulfilling 
two principal fimctions. First it expands and extends Keller's pioneering 
efforts. The utility of Keller's indexes has diminished since 1949, because 
new editions of the sources oi exempla, fables, and folktales have been pub- 
lished since 1949. Apart firom the obvious advantage that more recent texts 
are more readily accessible, these new editions are more reliable than their 
predecessors. Some texts had appeared only in nineteenth-century editions 
in Bihlioteca de Autores Espanoles. Second, the present volume surveys a 
wider range of texts than does Keller's, for example, more Aesopic fables, 
folktales from chronicles, Marian miracles, and other material excluded 
firom the previous indexes. For instance, Alfonso X's Cantigas alone, al- 
though composed in gallego-portugues is a fiiiitful source of over fovir hvm- 
dred peninsular Marian tales. 

SOURCES 

Because folktales are a fi-equent feature in works of fiction that are not 
mere collections, many of the entries in this index are a part of other 

xiv INTRODUCTION 



longer literary works. An examination of a sample text shows that folktales 
function in two ways, either as plot devices that advance the action or as 
segments of ordinary dialogue. For example, we see in the Libro del 
Cauallero Qifar (80 entries) how the narrator begins his accovmt of the 
early years of the hero Cifar with a series of folkloric episodes, all of which 
advance the action. First he sets limits to his hero's good fortime with a 
mysterious equine curse (D2089.3.2. Magic spell causes knight's horses to die 
in ten days. Qifar p. 5). Then the author frees Cifar to have knightiy adven- 
tures unencvmibered by wife and children with the following motifs from 
the life of Saint Eustace: He is separated from his young sons (R13.1.2. 
Lion carries off child. Qifar p. 26. B535.0.15. Lion as nurse for child. Child 
rescued when dogs pursue lion. Qifar p. 27). Then his wife is abducted by 
pirates and rescued by the Virgin Mary (V268.4.1. Virgin Mary destroys 
devoted woman's abductors. Gives her power to sail ship to safe port and to 
dispose of corpses of enemy. Qifar p. 29). The knight will make a second, 
advantageous but chaste marriage (T315.1. Marital continence by mutual 
agreement. Husband and wife to be celibate for two years to do penance for 
previous sin of husband [Qifar pp. 49-50]). Finally Cifar and his family 
will share a recognition and reconciliation scene (HI 1.1.5.3. Sons recount 
separation from family. Parents recognize them. Qifar pp. 55-56; R176.2. 
Execution canceled. King recognizes long lost wife. Qifar pp. 55-56). 

Folktales, in addition to serving as convenient plot devices in extended 
narratives (sometimes through their cultviral resonance), are also used as 
conversational devices. The author, instead of using a tale to advance the 
action, will cause a character in a larger narrative to interpolate an exemp- 
lary tale or at the very least allude to one in the course of trying to per- 
suade another to undertake a course of action. See for instance the ad- 
monitory conversation between the empress of the Islas Dotadas and her 
consort, Roboan. She tells him the tale of Truth, Wind, and Water as a 
warning (Z 12 1.2.1. Truth, Wind and Water debate. Wind and water easily 
found; truth must be guarded and never lost. Once lost never regained. 
Qifar p. 136). He must understand that once he departs, he will not be 
able to return. While the empress had used a tale to deliver a specific mes- 
sage, sometimes tales are part of an extended conversation, as in the father 
and son colloquy between Cifar, now king of Menton, and his sons. The 
wise king relates a series of folktales to teach them their princely responsi- 
bilities (pp. 75-108). 

The Libro de Buen Amor is a rich source of tales used conversationally. 
The archpriest's pursuit of amatory adventure is facilitated by his engaging 
a go-between whose storytelling skill is rivaled by the adeptness of the 
witty women whom she seeks to persuade (40 entries). Typically, the 
lover's emissary tries to convince a haughty woman to succumb, and she 
in turn tells a cautionary tale about the unrehability of suitors. 

Some tales have become so familiar that an allusion suffices to bring 
them to mind. In didactic works like Castigos e documentos. King Sancho 
frequently alludes to tales, knowing that they are a part of the general cul- 
tural legacy (e.g., Jl 153.1. Susanna and the elders. Prophet Daniel proves 

INTRODUCTION xv 



that elders had accused her falsely. Castigos 9.69). Therefore I have listed 
as entries brief narratives or even allusions to them wherever and however 
they appear in such didactic medieval texts as Glosa castellana (139 
entries), Poridat de las poridades (3 entries), Libra de las armas (2 entries), 
and Jardin de nobles donzellas (22 entries). 

Fables are represented by Esopete ystoriado (450 entries), but they also 
serve as plot devices in La vida del Esopo, the biographical narrative that 
precedes the fable collection. The Libra de las gatas has animal tales that il- 
lustrate Christian topics (85 entries). In Calila e Dimna (150 entries) and 
John of Capua's Exemplaria (115 entries), tales are a plot device within the 
frame story that is in itself a folktale (K2131.2. Envious jackal makes lion 
suspicious of his friend, the bull. Lion kills bull. Calila p. 124; Exemplario 
llr). In Sendebar (71 entries) and Disciplina Clericalis (73 entries) we find 
prevalent high-frequency folktales also set in a frame story. 

For epic narratives, I rely on the Primera cronica general (34 entries) and 
the Cronica abreviada (39 entries), as well as the Cantar de Mio Cid (18 
entries). For miracle tales, my principal Marian sources are Berceo's 
Milagras (41 entries) and Alfonso X's Cantigas (345 entries), along with La 
vida de San Aleja (30 entries) and Los miraglos de Santiago (40 entries). Of 
course, some texts have yielded only a few tales, and others abound in 
them. For a list of all the source texts and an indication of frequency, see 
"Source Texts, Abbreviations, and the Number of Entries." 

METHODOLOGY 

Maria Jesus Lacarra describes five kinds of brief narrative, and these 
groupings constitute a guide for the identification and inclusion of tales in 
this index. ^ (1) EXEMPLUM, a short account of events imique in time and 
place (anecdote); (2) fabula, a tale that relates events in which the per- 
sonages are animals (occasionally in contact with humans); (3) ALLEGORIA, 
a narrative susceptible of an allegorical interpretation; (4) DESCRIPTIO, an 
account of the custom, appearance, and characteristics of animals (from 
bestiaries) or plants; and (5) SIMILITUDO, a comparison of two activities 
{"El libra de los gatos: hacia ima tipologia," 26-34). 

My specific methodology, however, relies on the system of classification 
developed by Stith Thompson. It is an existing, established system, and 
adhering to it both makes this index compatible with it (and thus easier for 
readers familiar with Thompson to use) and highlights the changes I have 
made. For example, I have added some new subdivisions to suit the medi- 
eval Spanish texts consulted: P462 Stonecutter, P463 Baker, P464 
Shepherd, P465 Lawyer, P466 Doctors, W46 Compassion, W159 Arro- 
gance. Within these subdivisions are some motifs not already added to the 
Thompson corpus by John Esten Keller (Matif-Index 1949). 

I have made other, smaller changes in response to the weaknesses I per- 
ceive in Thompson's system. For example, Maria Jesus Lacarra is baffled 
that neither Thompson nor Keller had classified the tale of the two naked 
serving women in Calila (1984: pp. 194-95 n. 100). She connects it with 

xvi INTRODUCTION 



its moral point "mote and beam parable" (Tubach 511).^ However, she 
does not analyze the story to find the elements that combine to make this 
"a full-fledged narrative" that deals with the topic of judging the behavior 
of others. Briefly, the story tells of a man who had taken two captive 
women as wives. They are forced to serve him vmclothed. One of them 
finds a scrap of cloth to cover her nakedness. Her companion accuses her 
of using that scrap of cloth to make herself sexually attractive to their hus- 
band. The jealous woman says to the husband: "Catad commo cubre esta 
su natura; et non lo faze sinon por que ayas sabor della et yoguieses con 
ella" ("See how she covers her private parts, so that you will want to lie 
with her"). I have assigned this to two narrative areas: (1) to the section 
dealing with sexual relationships, T472.1. Women of vanquished city given 
to conquerors. Two women must perform all duties naked. Out gathering 
wood, one covers genitals with scrap of cloth. Other one accuses her of 
lascivious thoughts. Accused told to look to own thoughts; (2) to unfair 
accusations, K2131.7. Two female captives deprived of clothing. One woman 
finds bit of cloth to cover herself. Second complains; captor reproaches 
her. She must look to her own shame, not that of another. 

Although I add some circumstantial details to the entries in this index, 
they are not intended to be tale-types or plot summaries. Early classifi- 
catory schemes vacillated between hsting motifs or tale types or a combin- 
ation of both. If a tale-type is a plot summary that includes the basic ev- 
ents in a tale, it is a bundle of motifs, the smallest elements that persist in 
tradition. This bimdle tells what the story is about.' Unfortvmately, if one 
were to list only the smallest element in many tales, the index would be 
excessively reductive. For example: Bl 1.2.1. Dragon as compound animal is 
not sufficientiy descriptive. Thompson adds: "(serpent or crocodile, with 
scales of a fish for covering, and feet and wings and sometimes the head of 
an eagle, falcon, or hawk, and the forelimbs and sometimes the head of a 
lion)." 

As I have noted above, a major flaw in Thompson's scheme is the 
mixed nature of his categories (e.g., R. CAPTIVES AND FUGITIVES are 
actors; Q. REWARDS AND PUNISHMENTS are outcomes; K. DECEPTIONS are 
strategies), but another difficulty is that many tales contain more than one 
motif. For example, in the present volume is J643.1. Frogs demand a live 
king. King Log. Jupiter has given them a log, but they find him too quiet. 
He then gives them a stork who eats them all. The wrongheaded demand 
for a king is one motif; the granting them an inanimate ruler is another. In 
this second motif a god mocks the group. Their further dissatisfaction with 
the inanimate king is still another motif, and finally the punishment meted 
out to them in the form of a stork king who will eat them is still another 
motif. 

Furthermore, the assignment of many tales to one category or another 
is arbitrary and subjective, and many tales fit logically in more than one 
category. Consider the thematic content of tales of adultery that can fit 
into several categories (K. DECEPTIONS, T. SEX, P. SOCIETY). Besides view- 
ing these tales thematically, can we classify them according to the intent of 

INTRODUCTION xvii 



the storyteller? If such is the case, then these salty tales could be jokes 
intended to provoke laughter (X. humor), stem warnings against sexual ir- 
regularity (T. SEX), admonishments to avoid deceptive women (K. DECEP- 
TION). Thus some of these stories must appear several times for appropri- 
ate classification. 

Beyond the obvious organizational flaws of Thompson's system, the 
language of many existing entries is clearly in need of revision. Torberg 
Lundell commented: "The Motif-Index in general (1) overlooks gender 
identity in its labeling of motifs, thus lumping male and female actions or 
characters xmder the same, male-identified heading or (2) disregards 
female activity or (3) focuses on male activity at the cost of female" 
("Gender-Related Bias," 150). She also notes that "passive constructions 
abound. While they appear to project generalizations and objective state- 
ments, their effect is vitiated by their silence regarding the active person" 
("Gender-Related Bias," 152). On a superficial level, I have transformed 
all the "girls" into young women if they are of a certain age. Furthermore, 
I have shifted the point of view in some motifs. Keller's entry "W167.2. 
Woman's stubbornness causes loss of chance to go on pilgrimage. She nags her 
husband imtil in rage he breaks the leg of their donkey" now reads: 
"W167.2. Stubbornness causes loss of chance to go on pilgrimage. Husband 
and wife quarrel. Infiariated husband breaks wife's leg (donkey's leg)." The 
compiler's bias is also evident in G303.9.4.4. "Devil persuades bishop to sin 
with nun.'' My wording shares the responsibility more or less equally: 
" Devil persuades bishop and nun to sin." 

A final difficulty inherent in Thompson's method is his fastidiousness 
concerning obscene material in the fabhaux: "Fabhaux with obscenity as 
the only point have been excluded, though good jests with risque elements 
are retained" {Motif-Index, 1.17). One can only wonder what the boimdary 
is between a good jest and an obscene one,^ but there is no doubt that 
Thompson is over-delicate in his treatment of sexual topics. This timidity 
is particularly apparent in the division he assigns to sexual activity or rather 
the activities he omits. ^ The juxtaposition of topics verges on the bizarre. 

He explained: "In 'T' are treated together the motifs dealing with sex 

Here particularly come wooing, marriage, married life, and the birth of 
children, as well as simdry types of sexual relations" {The Folktale, 425). If 
it were possible to change some categories, I would place T100-T199. 
MARRIAGE, T200-T299. MARRIED LIFE, and T600-T699. THE CARE OF 
CHILDREN in the section devoted to societal organization P. SOCIETY where 
we find such subdivisions as P200-P299, the family that includes P210 
Husband and wife, P230 Parents and children, and P250 Brothers and 
sisters. 

Compilers of motif-indexes who depend on Thompson and opt to add 
new entries either mark an entry in Thompson's Motif-Index with an 
asterisk and the name of the person who had originated it or mark new 
entries with an asterisk without explanation.'" Haim Schwarzbaum, in his 
study of a collection of animal fables {The Mishle Shu'alim [Fox FablesJ), 
for example, does the former. I have chosen to mark new entries with an 

xviii INTRODUCTION 



asterisk without crediting the source, and on occasion, have added new 
subdivisions, such as "X590. Jokes on masters and servants." Although it 
might have been less awkward to open a new subdivision about the devil, 
I have followed Thompson's lead and use "G303 Devil," a maneuver that 
requires longer numbers than are common in the rest of the index. 

I use the following conventions: The italicized word at the beginning of 
each entry in the list of "Texts Examined for Motifs" is the abbreviation 
for that entry. There are separate lists of abbreviations and of the number 
of entries in "Source Texts, Abbreviations and the Nvimber of Entries." I 
have added a listing that explains the citations that do not refer to simple 
page numbers, "Notations Explained." Entries are cross-indexed with 
Frederic Tubach's Index Exemplorum: A Handbook of Medieval Religious 
Tales. The concordance "Correspondences between Motif Numbers and 
Tubach Topical Numbers" lists more than 1,100 correspondences. 



NOTES 

1. One wonders if Nikita Elisseefs formulation does not offer a more 
logical base. For him a motif is "un element qui constitue un episode 
complet." He fmds in each motif a second element, the fimdamental idea 
expressed by the motif, e.g., "keeping a child safe from destiny." He calls 
this second element the theme, and includes a third "I'accessoire epique" 
that is an object that drives the action, e.g., a magic ring {Themes et Motifs 
des "Milk et Une Nuits, " 85). In his index he categorizes each tale by these 
three components, narrative point, moral point, and motivating agent. See 
also "Classification of Tales" in Esopete ystoriado (Toulouse 1488), ed. 
Victoria Burrus and Harriet Goldberg, xvii-xxi. 

2. Ralph S. Boggs compiled the Index of Spanish Folktales that added sub- 
divisions to those of Aame and also included an invaluable alphabetical 
index. Stanley Robe extended Aarne's work with an index of tale types 
from Mexico, Central America, and the Hispanic United States. Various 
folklorists provided specialized motif-indexes to augment Thompson's 
monumental work. Rotunda collected the motifs peculiar to the Italian 
novella following Thompson's scheme. See Azzolina's bibliography which 
serves as a useful guide despite the flaws noted by Hans Jorg Uther in his 
review of Azzolina's work. Edward Neugaard has prepared an index of 
medieval Catalan folktales with an informative preface and a bibliography 
worth consulting. Reginetta Haboucha has amassed a huge volume of tale 
types and motifs of Sephardic folktales. 

3. Proppian causality is susceptible to re-interpretation into a new sequen- 
tially-arranged narrative scheme. In Propp's scheme, narrative elements are 
identified insofar as they move the action forward. The narrative shape of 
the Russian fairy tale, first viewed as a rigidly designed series of causative 
events, is thus expanded and encompasses other folk narratives. The bare 



INTRODUCTION 



bones of the causative sequence becomes a conflation of motifs aroimd 
"certain structural imits" (Meletinsky, "Structural-Typological Study," 
21). To try to force exempla lacking in "certain structural units" into the 
rigid causative Proppian scheme is fruitless. 

4. Just what the word exemplum means has led to some convoluted specu- 
lation. Haim Schwarzbaum proposed two alternatives: a tale "employed as 
a rhetorical device for various purposes of a conspicuously didactic na- 
ture," or a story "representing a rather practical code of behavior, shrewd- 
ness and wisdom . . . characteristic of the common folk and the practical 
experience of life" (1979: p. v). 

5. Because of the shifting chronology in the romancero, ballad narratives, 
many of which begin in the Middle Ages and continue in the twentieth 
century, are not included. 

6. Matthew 7:24, "Judge not that ye be not judged. For with what judge- 
ment ye judge, ye shall be judged; and with what measure ye mete, it shall 
be measured to you again. And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy 
brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?" 

7. Although Stith Thompson insists on a distinction between types and 
motifs, many of his entries are tale types. See for example: U31. Wolf un- 
justly accuses lamb and eats him. When all the lamb's defenses are good the 
wolf asserts the right of the strong over the weak. (The wolf had accused 
the lamb of stirring up water despite the fact that the lamb was down- 
stream from the wolf). See also the motif-index in Esopete ystoriado (Tou- 
louse 1488), ed. Victoria Burrus and Harriet Goldberg, 223-41 and an 
analysis based on "narrative hinges" (essential pivotal function) and "tale 
roles" (actors) (243-54). Alan Dundes has proposed a refinement of the 
concept of the motif. He suggests a distinction between "etic" and "emic" 
narrative elements. A motifeme is a minimal distinctive narrative unit 
("From Etic to Emic Units," 61-72). 

8. The multifaceted approach to folktales is evident in the case of tales that 
deal with sexual matters (Goldberg, "Sexual Humor in Misogynist Medi- 
eval Exempla," in Women in Hispanic Literature). 

9. For example, Elisseef, less timid, devotes a section to "Pederastie" and 
"Pederastie feinte" (Themes et Motifs des "Milk et Une Nuits," 148). 

10. Haim Schwarzbaum identifies motif numbers created by Holbek, Bod- 
ker, Thompson-Balys, Noy, Bodker-Nielssen and Keller-Johnson, marking 
them with an asterisk (The Mishle Shu'alim [Fox Fables], 584-600). 



XX INTRODUCTION 



Texts Examined for Motifs 



Cantigas 
PCG 

Amadis 

Barlaam 

Milagros 
Calila 
CMC 
Exemplario 

Castigos 



Castigos 
MS A BNM 
6559 



Castigos 
MS A BNM 
6559 
ADYMTE 



Alfonso Xj el Sabio. Cantigas de Santa Maria. Ed. Walter 
Mettman. 3 vols. Madrid: Castalia, 1986. 

. Primera cronica general de Espana. (Estoria de 



Espana.) 2 vols. Ed. Ramon Menendez Pidal. Madrid: 
Credos, 1955. 

Amadis de Gaula. Ed. Angel Rosenblat. Adiciones Alicia 
Redondo Goicoechea. Odres Nuevos. Madrid: Castalia, 
1987. 

Barlaam e Josafat. Ed. John E. Keller and Robert W. 
Linker. Clasicos Hispanicos, Serie II, Ediciones Criticas 
XXI. Madrid: CSIC, 1979. 

Berceo, Conzalo de. Obras completas. II Milagros de Nues- 
tra Senora. Ed. Brian Dutton. London: Tamesis, 1971. 

Calila e Dimna. Ed. J. M. Cacho Blecua y Maria Jesus 
Lacarra. Madrid: Castalia, 1984. 

Cantar de Mio Cid. Ed. Alberto Montaner. Biblioteca 
Clasica 1. Barcelona: Editorial Critica, 1993. 

Capua, Juan de. Exemplario contra los enganos y peligros 
del mundo (1493). 1-1994, Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid. 
Ed. Francisco Gago Jover. Madison: Hispanic Seminary 
of Medieval Studies, 1989. 

Castigos e documentos para bien vivir ordenados por el rey 
Don Sancho IV. Ed. Agapito Rey. Indiana University 
Publications Humanities Series No. 24. Bloomington: 
Indiana University Press, 1952. 

Castigos e documentos del rey don Sancho. (MS A BN 
6559 with interpolated material from the Spanish gloss 
of Egidio Romano Regimiento de principes.) Ed. Pascual 
de Gayangos. BAE 51. Madrid: Rivadeneyra, 1860. 

Castigos e documentos para bien vivir ordenados por el rey 
Don Sancho IV. Ed. Charies B. Faulhaber. ADMYTE 
Vol. 0. Madrid: Micronet, 1993. 



INTRODUCTION 



Danza 



Danza de la muerte. Para una antologia de la literatura 
castellana medieval: La Danza de la Muerte. Ed. Margh- 
arita Morreale. Aimali del Corso di Lingue e Letterature 
Stxaniere 6. Ban: Publicazioni dell' Universita de Ban, 
1964. 



Esopete Esopete ystoriado (Toulouse 1488). Eds. Victoria Bunrus 

and Haniet Goldberg. Madison: Hispanic Seminary of 
Medieval Studies, 1990. 

Especulo El especulo de los legos: texto inedito del siglo XV. Ed. Jose 

M^ Mohedano Hernandez. Madrid: CSIC, 1951. 

Compendio Fray Martin de Cordoba. Compendia de la fortuna. Ed. 

Fernando Rubio Alvarez. Madrid: Biblioteca "La 
Ciudad de Dios," 1958 (also in BAE 171). Reissued in 
Prosistas casteUanas del siglo XV. Ed. P. Fernando Rubio 
Alvarez O.S.A. Biblioteca de Autores Espaiioles 171. 
Madrid: Adas, 1964. 



Jardin 



. Jardin de nobles donzellas. Ed. Harriet Goldberg. 

UNCSRLL 137. Chapel Hill: University of North Caro- 
lina Press, 1974. 



Glosa 



Garcia de Castrojeriz, Fray Juan. Glosa castellana al 
Regimiento de principes de Egidio Romano. Ed. Juan 
Beneyto Perez. Biblioteca Espanola de Escritores Poli- 
ticos. 3 vols. Madrid: Institute de Estudios Politicos, 
1947. 



Teodor 



Lucanor 



La historia de la Donzella Teodor: ein spanisches Volksbuch 
arabischen Ursprungs. Ed. Walter Mettman. Wiesbaden: 
Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Ab- 
handlungen der Geistes- vind Sozialwissenschafdichen 
Klasse, Jahrgang 1962, No. 3. Mainz: Akademie der 
Wissenschaften und der Literatur; Wiesbaden: Franz 
Steiner, 1962. 

Juan Manuel. Libro del Conde Lucanor. In Obras com- 
pletas. 2 vols. Ed. Jose Manuel Blecua. Biblioteca Ro- 
manica Hispanica IV. Textos, 15. Madrid: Gredos, 
1981. 



Abreviada . Cronica abreviada. In Obras completas. 2 vols. Ed. 

Jose Manuel Blecua. Biblioteca Romanica Hispanica TV. 
Textos, 15. Madrid: Gredos, 1981. 



zxu 



INTRODUCTION 



Armas 

Estados 

Ultramar 
Mocedades 

Alexandre 
Apolonio 
Qifar 
Gatos 

Talavera 
Santiago 

San Alejo 
Grisel 

Crestomatia 



. Libra de las armas. In Obras completas. 2 vols. Ed. 

Jose Manuel Blecua. Biblioteca Romanica Hispanica IV. 
Textos, 15. Madrid: Credos, 1981. 

. Libro de los estados. In Obras completas. 2 vols. Ed. 



Jose Manuel Blecua. Biblioteca Romanica Hispanica IV. 
Textos, 15. Madrid: Credos, 1981. 

La gran conquista de Ultramar. Ed. Louis Cooper. 4 vols. 
Bogota: Instituto de Caro y Cuervo, 1979. 

Las Mocedades de Rodrigo in Deyermond, Alan D. Epic 
Poetry and the Clergy. London: Tamesis, 1968: pp. 221- 
76. 

Libro de Alexandre. Ed. Jesus Canas Murillo. Madrid: 
Editora Nacional, 1978. 

Libro de Apolonio. Ed. Carmen Monedero. Madrid: Cas- 
talia, 1987. 

Libro del Cauallero Qifar. Ed. Marilyn A. Olsen. Madison: 
Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1984. 

Libro de los gatos. Ed. Bernard Darbord. Annexes des 
Cahiers de Linguistique Hispanique Medievale 3. Paris: 
Klincksieck, 1984. 

Martinez de Toledo, Alfonso. Arcipreste de Talavera o 
Corbacho. Ed. Michael Gerli. Madrid: Catedra, 1979. 

Los Miraglos de Santiago. {Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid 
MS 10252.) Ed. Jane E. Connolly. Acta Salmanticensia. 
Textos Recuperados V. Salamanca: Universidad de Sala- 
manca, 1990. 

La "Vida de San Alejo": Versiones castellanas. Ed. Carlos 
Alberto Vega. Acta Salmanticensia. Textos Recuperados 
II. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca, 1991. 

Matulka, Barbara. The Novels of Juan de Flares and Their 
European Diffusion: A Study in Comparative Literature. 
New York: New York University Comparative Literature 
Series, 1931. 

Menendez Pidal, Ramon. Crestomatia del espanal medi- 
eval. 2 vols. Seminario Menendez Pidal. Madrid: Univer- 
sidad de Madrid, Facultad de Filosofia y Letras, 1966. 



INTRODUCTION 



Disciplina Petrus Alfonsi. The "Disciplina Clericalis" of Petrus Al- 

fonsi. Latin to German and edition by Eberhard Hermes 
(translated into English by P. R. Quarrie). Berkeley and 
Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977. 



Disciplina . Disciplina Clericalis. Trans. Esperanza Ducay. 

Introduction and notes by Maria Jesus Lacarra. Zara- 
goza: Guara, 1980. 

Poridat Pseudo-Aristoteles. Poridat de las poridades. Ed. Uoyd 

Kasten. Madrid: pvt. pub., 1947. 



LBA 



Ruiz, Juan. Libra de huen amor. Ed. G. B. Monypenny. 
Madrid: Castalia, 1991. 



a.b.c. 



Sanchez de Vercial, Clemente. Libro de los enxenplos por 
a.b.c. Ed. John Esten Keller and Louis Jennings Zahn. 
Madrid: CSIC, 1961. 



Sendebar Sendebar. Ed. Maria Jesus Lacarra. Madrid: Catedra, 

1989. 

Epitus Severin, Dorothy Sherman. "'E ynfante Epitus': The 

Earliest Complete Castilian Version of the 'Dialogue of 
Epictetus and the Emperor Hadrian' ," Bulletin of His- 
panic Studies 62 (1985): 25-30. 

Voragine Voragine, Jacobus de. The Golden Legend. Readings on the 

Saints. Trans. William Granger Ryan. 2 vols. Princeton: 
Princeton University Press, 1993. 



XXIV 



INTRODUCTION 



Source Texts, Abbreviations, 
and the Number of Entries 



a.b.c. = Libra de los enxenplos par a.b.c, 1046 entries 

Abreviada = Cronica abreviada, 39 entries 

Alexandre = Libro de Alexandre, 24 entries 

Amadis = Amadis de Gaula, 1 entry 

Apolonio = Libro de Apolonio, 1 6 entries 

Armas = Libro de las armas, 2 entries 

Barlaam = Barlaam e Josafat, 54 entries 

Calila = Calila e Dimna, 150 entries 

Cantigas = Cantigas de Santa Maria, 345 entries 

Castigos = (ed. Agapito Rey) Castigos e documentos, 88 entries* 

Castigos = (BAE 51 + ADMYTE 0) = Castigos e documentos, 170 entries 

CMC = Cantar de Mio Cid, 1 8 entries 

Qifar - Libro del Cauallero Qifar, 80 entries 

Compendia = Compendia de la fortuna, 3 entries 

Crestomatia = Crestomatia del espanol medieval, 1 entry 

Danza = Danza de la muerte, 1 entry 

Disciplina = Disciplina Clericalis, 73 entries 

Epitus - Epitus, 1 entry 

Esopete = Esopete ystoriado, 450 entries 

Especulo = El especulo de los legos, 600 entries 

Estados = Libro de los estados, 8 entries 

Exemplario = Exemplario contra los enganos y peligros del mundo, 117 entries 

Gatos = Libro de los gatos, 85 entries 

Glosa — Glosa castellana, 139 entries 

Grisel = Grisel y Mirabella, 1 entry 

Ilustres mujeres = De las ilustres mujeres en romance, 63 entries 

Jardin = Jardin de nobles donzellas, 22 entries 

LBA = Libro de buen amor, 40 entries 

Lucanor = Libro del Conde Lucanor, 1 28 entries 

Milagros = Milagros de Nuestra Senora, 41 entries 

PCG - Primera cronica general (Estoria de Espana), 34 entries 

Poridat = Poridat de las poridades, 3 entries 

San Alejo = La Vida de San Alejo, 30 entries 

Santiago = Los miraglos de Santiago, 40 entries 

Sendebar = Sendebar, 7 1 entries 

Talavera = Arcipreste de Talavera, 140 entries 

Teodor = La historia de la Donzella Teodor, 21 entries 

Tubach = Index Exemplorum, 1,106 entries** 

Ultramar = La gran conquista de Ultramar, 46 entries 

Voragine = The Golden Legend, 1 entry 

* If an item appears in the 1293 version (ed. Agapito Rey), its appearance 
in the glossed version of MS A BNM 6559 is not noted (BAE and 
ADMYTE). 

** Entries marked cf. differ circumstantially but share the same folk motif. 

INTRODUCTION xxv 



Notations Explained 

a.b.c. = number of individual exemplum (Paris MS; exempla not in Paris 

MS are noted) 
Abreviada - book + chapter 
Alexandre — numbers of four-line coplas (c, cc.) 
Amadis = book + chapter 
Apolonio = numbers of four-line coplas (c, cc.) 
Cantigas = numbers of individual cantigas 
Castigos = chapter + page in 1952 edited by Agapito Rey 
Castigos MS A BNM 6659 = chapter + page in 1860 edited by Pascual 

Gayangos BAE 
Castigos MS A BNM 6659 ADMYTE = chapter + page (recto, verso) in 

CD ROM ed. Faulhaber 1993 
CMC = verse nvimbers (v., w) 
Disciplina = numbers of individual exemplum 
Especulo = numbers of individual exempla + pages 
Exemplario = folio number (verso or recto) 
Gatos = tale nimiber + page 

Ilustres mujeres = (name) chapter + folio number (verso, recto) 
LBA = numbers of four-line coplas (c, cc.) 
Lucanor = exemplum number 
Milagros = miracle nvmiber 
PCG = volume + chapter + page 
Santiago = chapter + page number 

Sendebar = frame narrative = page number; exempla = day + tale number 
Talavera = part + chapter + page number 
Ultramar = volume nvmiber + book + chapter + page number 

*A11 other notations refer to page numbers in the edition listed in the 
"Texts Examined for Motifs." 



xxvi INTRODUCTION 



Critical Works Consulted 

Aame, Antti. The Types of the Folktale: A Classification and Bibliography. 
Antti Aame's Verzeichnis der Mdrchentypen (Folktale Fellows Communi- 
cations No. 3). Trans, and enlarged Stith Thompson. Folktale Fel- 
lows Communications No. 184. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum 
Fennica, 1964. 

Azzolina, David S. Tale Type- and Motif-Indexes: An Annotated Biblio- 
graphy. New York and London: Garland, 1987. (Review by Hans 
Jorg \Jxhtv,JAF 102 [1989]: 479-84.) 

BoggSj Ralph Steele. Index of Spanish Folktales. Folklore Fellows Commvm- 
ications 90. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 1930. 

DundeSj Alan, ed. "From Etic to Emic Units in the Structural Study of 
Folktales," m Analytic Essays in Folklore. The Hague: Mouton, 1975, 
61-72. 

Elisseef, Nikita. Themes et Motifs des "Mille et Une Nuits:" Essai de Classi- 
fication. Beirut: Institut Frangais de Damas, 1949. 

Georges, Robert A. "The Universality of the Tale-Type as Concept and 
Construct." Wesum Folklore 42 (1983): 21-28. 

Goldberg, Harriet. "Sexual Humor in Misogynist Medieval Exempla," in 
Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols. Ed. Beth Miller. 
Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 
1983, 67-83. 

Haboucha, Reginetta. Types and Motifs of the Judeo-Spanish Folktales. New 
York and London: Garland, 1992. 

Keller, John Esten. Motif-Index of Medieval Spanish Exempla. Knoxville: 
University of Tennessee Press, 1949. 

Keller, John E., and James H. Johnson. "Motif-Index Classification of 
Fables and Tales of Ysopete Ystoriado." Southern Folklore Quarterly 18 
(1954): 85-117. 

Lacarra, Maria Jesus. "El libro de los gates: hacia una tipologia del 'en- 
xiemplo'," in Formas breves del relato (Coloquio Casa de Veldsquez-De- 
partamento de Literatura Espanola de la Universidad de Zaragoza.) 
Madrid, Febrero de 1985. Ed. Yves-Rene Fonqueme y Aurora Egido. 
Zaragoza: Secretariado de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Zara- 
goza, 1986, 19-34. 



INTRODUCTION 



Legman, Gershon. "Toward a Motif-Index of Erotic Humor." JAF 75 
(1962): 227-48. 

Lundell, Torberg. "Gender-Related Biases in the Type and Motif Indexes 
of Aame and Thompson," in Fairy Tales and Society: Illusion, Al- 
lusion, and Paradigm. Ed. Ruth B. Bottigheimer. Philadelphia: Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania Press, 1986, 149-63. 

Meletinsky, Eleazar. "Structural-Typological Study of Folktales," in Soviet 
Structural Folkloristics: Texts by Meletinski, Neklidov, Novik, and Segal 
with Tests of the Approach by Jilek and Jilek-Aall, Reid, and Layton. 
Ed. P. Maranda. The Hague: Mouton, 1974, 19-59. 

Neugaard, Edward J. Motif-Index of Medieval Catalan Folktales. Medieval 
& Renaissance Texts & Studies 96. Binghamton, NY: MRTS, 1993. 

Noy, Dov. "Motif-index of Talmudic-Midrashic Literature." Ph.D. Diss. 
(Indiana University, 1954). 

. Ha-Mashal be Sifrut ha-Aggada:Tipusim u-Motivim (Tale-Types and 

Motifs of Animal Tales: Aame-Thompson 1-299). Jerusalem: He- 
brew University, 1960. 

Robe, Stanley L. Index of Mexican Folktales, including Narrative Texts from 
Mexico, Central America, and the Hispanic United States. Berkeley, Los 
Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1973. 

Rotunda, D. P. Motif-Index of the Italian Novella in Prose. Bloomington: 
Indiana University Press, 1942. 

Schwarzbaum, Haim. "International Folklore Motifs in Petrus Alphonsi's 
Disciplina Clericalis." Sefarad 21 (1961): 267-99; 22 (1962): 17-59, 
321^4; 23 (1963): 54-73. 

. The Mishle Shu'alim (Fox Fables) of Rabbi Berechiah Ha-Nakdan: A 



Study in Comparative Folklore and Fable Lore. Kiron: Institute for Jew- 
ish and Arab Folklore Research, 1979. 

Thompson, Stith. The Folktale. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston, 
1946. Reprint: Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. 

Motif-Index of Folk-Literature: A Classification of Narrative Elements 



in Folktales, Ballads, Myths, Fables, Mediaeval Romances, Exempla, 
Fabliaux, Jest-Books, and Local Legends. 6 vols. Bloomington and 
Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1955. 

Tubach, Frederic C. Index Exemplorum: A Handbook of Medieval Religious 
Tales. Folktale Fellows Communications No. 204. Helsinki: Acade- 
mia Scientiarum Fennica, 1969. 



xxviii INTRODUCTION 



A. MYTHOLOGICAL MOTIFS 



A0-A99. CREATOR 
A100-A499. GODS 
A100-A499. The gods in general. 

A106.2.2, Satan's fall from heaven. Failed in attempt to equal God. 

Castigos 9.70. 
*A106.2.3. Satan tempts Eve with apple. Knowledge will make her God's 
equal in wisdom. Talavera 2.9.184. 
A139. Nature and appearance of the gods: miscellaneous. 

*A1 39.6.1. God's voice teUs faithful to seek out holy man. They must ask 
him to pray for them. San Alejo p. 77. 
A160. Mutual relations of the gods. 
A163. Contests among the gods. 

*A163.2. Neptune and Minerva dispute name to be given to city of 
Athens. Women of city win by one vote. Neptvme, angered, brought 
floods to city. Jardin pp. 243-44; Tubach 3462. 

A500-A599. DE2VUGODS AND CULTURE HEROES 
AS 10. Origin of the cultiu*e hero (demigod). 

*A5 11.1.5.1. Culture hero mysteriously or magically engendered by royal 
personage in disguise. Alexandre cc. 1063-64; Tubach 124. 

A600-A899. COSMOGONY AND COSMOLOGY 
A900-A999. TOPOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE EARTH 
A930. Origin of stream. 
A941. Origin of springs. 

*A941.7.4. Spring breaks forth at young Jesus's command to palm tree 
to bend and bring forth water. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.146 
(ADMYTE ?>0v). 

A1000-A1099. WORLD CALAMITIES AND RENEWALS 
A1018. Flood as punishment. 

*A1018.4. Neptune (angered by feminine votes for Minerva) causes flood 
to come to Athens. To appease him, citizens promise to deprive 
women of right to vote. Jardin pp. 243-44; Tubach 3462. 

*A1018.5. World without kings punished for lack of order and discipline 
by flood. Castigos 9.75-76. 

A1021. Deluge: escape in boat (ark). Castigos MS A BNM 6559 90.226 
(ADMYTE 33r); Estados 1.27; Tubach 3478. 

A1100-A1199. ESTABLISH2V1ENT OF NATURAL ORDER 
A1160. Determination of months. 



*A1161. Julius Caesar adds intercalary year; February gains day. Ghsa 
1.2.6.94-95; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 104z;). 

*A1162. Roman emperors chose twelve months parallel with twelve zodia- 
cal signs, with vestigial names of ten-month scheme. Abreviada 1 . 1 24. 

A1200-A1699. CREATION AND ORDERING OF HUMAN LIFE 
A1200. Creation of man. 

*A1212.1. Man created in God's image. Woman created so that they 

might procreate. Estados 1.38. 
A1275.1. Creation of first woman from man's rib. Created thus so that all 
himiankind might have common origin. Jardin p. 145. 
A1300-A1399. Ordering of human life. 
A1310. Ordering of human's bodily attributes. 

*A 1313. 3. 4. 2. Women have two breasts so that they can nurse a son and 
a daughter. Estados 1.27. 
A1330. Beginnings of trouble for man. 

A 1331. Paradise lost. Original happy state is lost because of one sin. 

Estados 1.38. 
Al 331.1. Paradise lost because of forbidden fruit. Estados 1.38. 
A1333. Confusion of languages. Divine retribution for building tower of 
Babel. G/o^a 3.1.6.35. 
A1370. Origin of mental and moral characteristics. 
A13S3. Origin of shame for nakedness. 

Al 383.1. Shame for nakedness appears to first woman (and man). Adam 
hears God's voice; is frightened and ashamed. Covers self and Eve. 
Castigos 9.74-75. 
A1391. Why other members must serve belly. Result of a debate between 
members of the body. Esopete p. 66; Glosa 2.3.16.311; Tubach 570. 
A1400-A1499. Acquisition of culture. 
A 1440. Acquisition of crafts. 

A1441.2. Origin of practice of yoking oxen, yoking yovmg with old so that 
young might learn to pull plow. Esopete pp. 64-65. 
A1500-A1599. Origin of customs. 

A1541.4.1. Origin of Sabbath dedicated to Mary from a feast dedicated 

to Venus, a.b.c. 262. 
*A1 599.4.1. Why humans always look at own excreta. Think they may 
have passed brains. Esopete pp. 14-15. 

A2200-A2599. ANI2VIAL CHARACTERISTICS 
A2200. Cause of animal characteristics. 

A2232.1. Camel asks for horns: punishment is short ears. Esopete p. 121; 

Tubach 838. 
A2232.2. Bees pray for lethal sting: punishment is that first sting is 

suicidal. Esopete p. 112. 
A2232.7. Peacock has ugly feet to prevent too great arrogance. When tail is 

raised, is aware of great beauty; when tail is lowered, is ashamed of 

ugly feet. Especulo 380^281; Tubach 3631. 

2 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*A2282.1. Swallows nest near humans after other birds do not heed 
warning about hemp-seeds for hunter's nets. Esopete p. 39; cf. 
Tubach 4686. 
A2300-A2399. Causes of animal characteristics: body. 
A2310. Origin of animal characteristics: body covering. 

*A2311.10. Goat claims holiness because its hair is used to make hair 
shirts. Its beard is never cut to make it beautifiil to behold. Gatos 27. 
*A2311.11. Why bats have fur and no feathers. Esopete p. 62; Tubach 
501. 
A2320. Origin of animal characteristics: head. 

A2325.4. Why camel has short ears. Esopete p. 121; Tubach 838. 
A2326. Origin and nature of animals' horns. 

*A2326.3.3.1. Antelopes' horns are entangled in tree branches. They cry 
out and hvmters find and kill them. Gatos 12; Esopete p. 63; Tubach 
4589. 
A2346. Origin and nature of animal's sting. 

A2346.1. Why bees die after sting. Punishment for request for lethal 

sting. Esopete p. 112. 
*A2346.3. King of bees has no stinger to make him compassionate. Glosa 
1.2.15.143; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 38r, llSv); 
Tubach 547. 
A2356. Origin and nature of animal's back. 

A2356.2.7. Ass boasts that cross marking on back (shoulders) is reward for 
being beast who bore Christ on Palm Sunday. Gatos 27. 
A2400-A2499. Causes of animal characteristics: appearance and 

habits. 
A2430. Animal characteristics: dwelling and food. 

*A2431.3.9. Why eagles do not nest in dungbeetle season. Beetles destroy 
their eggs. Esopete p. 109. 
A2440. Animal characteristics: carriage. 

A2441.4.2. Cause of crab's walk. Learned from mother. Esopete pp. 1 19- 

20; Tubach 1311. 
*A2441.5. Why vultures drop bones from great heights. They drop bones 
they cannot break. Gatos 5. 
A2460. Animal characteristics: attack and defense. 

*A2466.3. Fox plays dead, extends its tongue to trap prey. Eats them 
when they come near. Gatos 53; Tubach 2176. 
A2490. Other habits of animals. 

A2491.1. Why bat flies by night. Esopete p. 62. 
A2491.1.1. miy bat sleeps by day. Esopete p. 62. 
*A2491.6. Why nightingales sing at night. Esopete p. 63. 
*A2492.3. Why horses first permitted themselves to be saddled and bridled. 
Esopete pp. 77-78; Tubach 2619. 
A2493. Friendship between animals. 

*A2493.36. Friendship between mouse and dove. Mouse gnaws net and 
frees captured ringdoves. Calila p. 202; Exemplario 42v. 
A2494. Enmity between animals. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 3 



A2494.7.1. Enmity between monkey and lion. Esopete p. 67. 
*A2494.7.4. Enmity between carnivores and herbivores. Lion and bull 

represent their group. Pact between them fails at instigation of other 

animals. Lion kills bull. Calila p. 168; Exemplario 13r; Lucanor'Ex. 22, 
A2494.12.2. Enmity between mongoose and snake. Calila p. 173. 
*A2494.12.11. Enmity of lion and leopard. Lion hates leopard because it 

is product of union between a lion and a pardo: leopard hates lion 

because it is fearless. a.b.c. 210; cf. Tubach 3014. 
A2494.13. Enmities of birds. 

*A2494.13.13. Enmity of birds: falcon and nightingale. Esopete pp. 62- 

63. 
*A2494.13.13.1. Enmity between falcon and kite. Falcon asks why kite 

permits falcon to dominate him. Explanation: kite lacks falcon's 

heart. Especulo 51.35. 
*A2494.13.14. Enmity between owls and crows. Bitter war, crow is spy to 

help crows defeat enemy. Calila pp. 224-52; Exemplario 53^^-56?;; 

LucanorEx. 19; Tubach 1358. 
A2497. Monogamy among animals. 

*A2497.2. Monogamy among animals. Male storks and male lions will 

kill mate if she is unfaithful. Especulo 24.17-18; Glosa 2.1.8.40. 
A2500-A2599. Animal characteristics: miscellaneous. 
A2520. Disposition of animals. 

*A2522.8. Some flies bite and cause pain. Some create filth, and others 

make noise. Gatos 10. 
A2540. Other animal characteristics. 

*A2543. Why snails travel very little. They carry their own house. Gatos 

51. 
A2545. Animal given certain privileges. 

*A2545.3.1. Dogs eat kill first. When they are sated, crows can eat what 

is left. Gatos 17. 
*A2562. Why leopard is aggressive. Is ftuit of adultery between lion and 

pardo. Especulo 28.19. 

A2800-A2899. 2VUSCELLANEOUS EXPLANATIONS 

A2851. The four characteristics of wine. Noah plants vineyard; fertilizes 
with blood of lions for anger, lambs for foolishness, pigs for lustfiil- 
ness, and apes for wit. a.b.c. 421; Tubach 5093. 



B. ANIMALS 



B0-B99. MYTHICAL ANIMALS 
BIO. Mythical beasts and hybrids. 
Bll. Dragon. 

B 11. 2.1. Dragon as compound animal (serpent or crocodile, with scales 

4 MOTIF INDEX OF 



of a fish for covering, and feet and wings and sometimes the head of 
an eagle, falcon, or hawk, and the forelimbs and sometimes the head 
of a lion). Wrramar II.2.24 1.34 1-42. 
B 11.2.13.1. Blood of dragon venomous. Causes leprosy in his slayer who 
is cured miraculously by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 189. 
B11.6. Deeds of dragons. 

Bl 1.6.5. Dragon guards hermit's food. Frightens off robbers. a.b.c. 3. 
*B 11.10.4. Dragon holds sinner down with tail and with its head sucks 
soul jfrom sinner's mouth, a.b.c. 438. 
B 1 1 . 1 1 . Fight with dragon . 

B 11. 11.9. Fight with dragon. Hero firees countryside of marauder; 
avenges brother's death. Ultramar II.2. 243-48. 346-59. 
B16. Devastating animals. 

*B16.1.4.3. Devastating swine. Industrious ants make anthill. Pigs come 
and trample it. Especulo 62.43-44. 
B20. Beast-human. 

B24. Satyr. Combination of man and goat. Esopete pp. 126-27. 
B30. Mythical birds. 

B32.1. Phoenix renews youth. Alexandre cc. 2475-76. 

*B32.2. Eagle when flies dose to sun is consumed by fire and renews 

itself. Especulo 78.50-51. 
*B39.2. Magical bird song bewitches hearer. Owl's harsh song portends 
death. Disciplina 8.58-59; cf. Tubach 3556. 
B80. Fish-human. 

B80.2. Monster half-man, half-fish attacks laundress in river. Other laun- 
dresses come to her aid and kill monster. Esopete p. 166. 

B100-B199. MAGIC ANI2VIALS 
B120. Wise animals. 

B 123.1. Wise serpent. Injured by man, refuses reconciliation. Esopete p. 
36; Tubach 4251. 
B147. Animals furnish omens. 
B147.2.1. Bird of good omen. 

B 147. 2. 1.1. Two crows good omen. Esopete ■p. 16. 
B147.2.2. Bird of bad omen. 

B147.2.2.1. Crows as bird of ill omen. Esopete p. 16; Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 57; Tubach 1366. 

*B147.2.2.1.1. Crows seen on left bad omen, seen on right good omen. CMC 
w. 10-11. 
B147.3. Other animals furnish omens. 

B147.3.1.2. Bees leave honey on lips of infant. (Plato) to show future elo- 
quence, a.b.c. 180. 

*BIA7. 3. 1.3. Ants leave grains of wheat on lips of infant as sign of future 
wealth. a.b.c. 180; Tubach 293. 

*B 147. 3. 1.4. Egg magically caused to bring forth chick with mature comb 
(sign of future greatness of vmbom child). a.b.c. 180. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 



B151. Beast determines road to be taken. 

B151.1.1.2.1. Ass carries usurer's body to the gallows instead of to the 
church. Especulo 567.461-63; Tubach 375. 
B160. Wisdom-giving animals. 

B161. Wisdom from serpent. Helps man to prosper. Esopete p. 52; Tu- 
bach 4251. 
B170. Magic birds, fish, reptiles. 

*B 172.5.1. Magic hawk. Catches all prey at which it is loosed, ^ifar p. 

137. 
B 176. 1.1. Serpent as deceiver in paradise. Estados 1.38. 
B180. Magic quadrupeds. 

*B 18 2. 1.3. 2. Magic mastiff. Is able to bring down any fleeing stag. Qifar 
p. 135. 
B184. Magic quadrupeds: ungidata. 

*B 184. 1.1. 4. Magic horse that neither eats nor drinks is faster than wind. 
Qifar^. 137. 

B200-B299. ANIMALS WITH HUMAN TRAITS 
B217. Animal languages learned. 

*B217.9. Aesop learns animal language. Magical reward for kindness to 

angel. Esopete p. 3. 
B230. Parliament of animals. 

*B236.1.1. Election of king of birds. Owl (raven) elected. Crow argues 

against it; persuades birds to revoke election. Calila p. 230; Exem- 

plario 52r. 
B240. King of animals. 

B240.4. Lion as king of beasts. Esopete pp. 35, 67, 78, 98-100. 

B241.2.2. King of monkeys. Esopete p. 77. 

B242.1.1. Eagle king of birds. Esopete pp. 17-18, 

B242.1.8. Owl proposed as king of birds. Calila p. 230; Exemplario 52r; 

Tubach 3554. 
B242.2.2. King of doves. Esopete pp. 49-50. 
B250-B259. Religious animals. 

B25 1.1.1. Animals worship infant Jesus. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

31.145 (ADMYTE 92^;). 
*B256.13. Serpent guards monastery garden from thief, a.b.c. 178; Glosa 

3.2.23.214. 
B259.4. Bees in hive build church of wax to contain consecrated host and 

figure of Virgin Mary and Child. Cantigas 208; cf. Tubach 2662. 
*B259.4.2. In praise of Virgin Mary swarm of bees makes wax to restore 

candles in church. Cantigas 211. 
B260-B269. Animal warfare. 

B260.1. Two groups of animals make peace treaty (wolves, sheep). Esopete 

pp. 2, 19, 65; Tubach 5357. 
B261 . 1 . Bat in war of birds and quadrupeds. Because of ambiguous form, 

joins first one side and then the other. Discredited. Esopete p. 62; 

Tubach 501. 

6 MOTIF INDEX OF 



B263.3. War between crows and owls (ravens). Crows victors because of 
espionage. Calila pp. 225-52; Exemplario 50r-62r; Lucanor Ex. 19; 
Tubach 1358. 
B267. Animal allies. 

B267.1. Alliance of dog and wolf. Esopete pp. 93-94. 

B267.2. Alliance of sheep and dogs. Esopete pp. 2, 19, 65; Tubach 5357. 
B270. Animals in legal relations. 

*B270.3. Lawsuit between wolf and fox. LBA cc. 321-71; Esopete p. 54. 

*B270.4. Lawsuit between dog and sheep. Wolf, vulture, and kite testify 
falsely for dog. Sheep loses. Esopete p. 34. 

*B270.5. Lawsuit between stag and sheep. Wolfs presence at trial intimi- 
dates sheep. Repayment to be made in absence of wolf. Esopete p. 52. 
B274. Animal as judge. 

*B274.1. Ape as judge in lawsuit, greyhound lawyer for wolf, sheepdog 
lawyer for fox. LBA cc. 321-71; Esopeu p. 54. 

*B274.2. Fox is judge in dispute between man and snake, a.b.c. 312. 

*B274.3. Fox is judge in dispute between farmer and wolf. a.b.c. 363. 

B275.1.3.2. Wolves and wild pigs condemned to death in lion's court for 
killing and eating sheep. Gatos 20; Tubach 5330. 
B290. Other animals with human traits. 
B291. Animal as messenger. 

B29 1 . 1 . 1 1 . Swallow as messenger. Tells knight that Virgin Mary and her 
son Jesus Christ will help him save his wife from her enemies. Ultra- 
mar 1.1.104.216. 
B299. Other animals with human traits: miscellaneous. 

*B299.1.2. Panther takes revenge on men who injured him. Spares those 
who treated him kindly. Esopete p. 76. 

*B299.11. Animals obey nature's law. Carnivores do not eat their own 
species. Estados 1.24. 

*B299.12. Animals obey nature's law. Herbivores only eat what they 
need. Estados 1.24. 

*B299.13. Animals are chaste by nature. Only mate when they will pro- 
create. Estados 1.24. 

B300-B599. FRIENDLY ANIMALS 
B300-B349. Helpful animals: general. 

B301 . 1.1. Faithful dog follows master's dead body when cast into river. 

There he keeps body afloat. a.b.c. 59; Tubach 1700. 
*B301.1.1.1. Faithful dog takes food to imprisoned master. a.b.c. 59. 
B301.8. Faithful lion follows man who saved him from serpent. a.b.c. 

185; Tubach 3057. 
B320. Reward of helpful animal. 

*B321 . Crow advises eagle to drop shelled prey on rocks to open it. They 

share food. Esopete p. 37. 
B325.1. Animals bribed with food. Thief tries to bribe watchdog with 

meat. Esopete p. 50; LBA cc. 166-80. 
B330. Death of helpful animal. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 7 



B331. Helpful animal killed by misunderstanding. 

*B331.1.2. Falcon left hunter's hand (without release). Strangled self in 

flight. Especulo 55.38. 
B331.2. Llewellyn and his dog. Dog has saved child from serpent. Father 

sees bloody mouth and kills the dog. Sendehar Day 5 Tale 1 2; CalUa 

p. 265; Exemplario 61 v\ Tubach 1695. 
B335.2. Life of helpful animal demanded as cure for feigned sickness. 

Flesh of monkey said to be cure. Esopete p. 67. 
B336. Helpful animal threatened by ungrateful person. Lion raised by 

man is beaten and driven away. Later refuses reconciliation; wounds 

healed, insults did not. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 27.142 (ADMYTE 

86r-86z;). 
B350-B399. Grateful animals. 
B360. Animals grateful for rescue from peril of death. 

B361. Lion and eagle grateful for rescue from pit. Lion brings kill to 

rescuer; eagle leads him to treasure. a.b.c. 201 . 
*B361.1. Jackal and cubs rescued from pit. Grateful to man who freed 

them. a.b.c. 185. 
B362. Animals grateful for rescue from drowning. Ant and dove. Esopete 

p. ill. 

B 3 63. 1.1. Lion is freed from net by mouse in return for previous kind- 
ness. Esopete p. 38; Tubach 3052. 
B370. Animal grateful to captor for release. 

B371.1. Lion spared mouse: mouse grateful. Later releases lion from net. 

LEA cc. 1425-34; Esopete p. 38; Tubach 3052. 
B374.1. Lion eternally grateful to man for having freed it from serpent. 
a.b.c. 185; Tubach 3057. 
B380. Animals grateful for relief from pain. 

B381. Thorn removed from lion's paw (Androcles and the Lion). In grati- 
tude, the lion later rewards the man. Esopete p. 61; Especulo 47.31- 
32; cf. Esopete p. \U\ a.b.c. 186; Tubach 215, 2771. 
*B38 1 .3, Hyena, grateful to monk for having cured blindness of cubs, brings 
him food and skins, a.b.c. 50; Tubach 2714. 
B390. Animals gratefid for other kind acts. 

*B391.1.4. Snake grateful for food and shelter. Snake's offspring kills 
human's child. Mother snake kills offender and departs from 
human's house. a.b.c. 205; cf Tubach 4251. 
B400-B499. Kinds of helpful animals. 
B400. Helpful domestic beasts. 

*B401.2. Horse grabs arm of thief and will not let go until thief is caught. 

a.b.c. 242; Tubach 2608. 
B411.2. Helpful ox. Hides fugitive deer. Esopete p. 67; Tubach 4596. 
B430. Helpful wild beasts. 

B437.2 Helpful mouse gnaws net, frees lion. Esopete p. 38; Tubach 3052. 
*B437.2.1. Helpful mouse gnaws net of captured ringdoves to free them. 
Calila p. 202; Exemplario 41r. 
B449. Helpful wild beasts: miscellaneous. 

8 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*B449.4. Helpful hyena. Brings food to hermit. a.h.c. 50; cf. Tubach 

2711, 2714. 
*B449.5. Bear guards holy man's sheep. a.b.c. 329; Tubach 519. 
B457.1. Helpful dove. Saves ant. Esopete p. 111. 
B469. Helpful birds: miscellaneous. 

*B469.11. Eagle brings large fish to feed starving saint and his company. 

Grateful saint takes half and returns half to eagle. Especulo 3.5. 
*B469.12. Helpful swan. Enchanted swan leads knight in magical boat 
to places where his knightly protection is needed. Ultramar 1. 1 .68. 1 1 9- 
20. 
B480. Helpful insects. 

B48 1.1. Helpful ant. Returns previous favor of dove. Esopete p. 111. 
B490. Other helpful animals. 

B491.1. Helpful serpent. Esopete pp. 52, 89-90. 
B500-B599. Services of helpful animals. 
B510. Healing by animals. 

B513. Remedy learned from overhearing animal meeting. Hero learns how 
to cure his own blindness, restore princess's speech, and cure king's 
blindness. Gatos 28. 
B522. Animal saves man from death sentence. 

B522.1. Serpent shows condemned man how to save prince's life. Bites 
prince and then shows man the proper remedy. By thus ingratiating 
self, man is freed from false accusation. Calila p. 318. 
B525. Lion spares man he is about to devour. Androcles. Esopete p. 61; 

Castigos 27.141; Tubach 215. 
*B525.1.1. Lion spares Christian martyr. Repects her virginity. Jardin p. 

253; cf. Tubach 3072. 
*B525.2. Lions spare Daniel's life. God had rewarded him for saving 
Susanna from false accusations. Castigos 9.70. 
B535. Animal nurse. 

*B535.0.15. Lion as nurse for child. Child rescued when dogs pursue 

Hon. Qifarip. 27; cf. Tubach 5350 (wolf). 
*B535.0.16. Doe as nurse for seven abandoned princelings left in desert. 
Ultramar 1.1.56.93; cf Tubach 5350 (wolf). 
B540. Animal rescuer or retriever. 

B545.1. Deer freed from net by friendly animals: crow, mouse, and tor- 
toise. To save slow moving tortoise from hunter, deer feigns death. 
Crow perches on deer. Deer arises, escapes. Archer pursues and 
mouse gnaws ropes to free tortoise. Calila p. 221; Exemplario 49r. 
B545.2. Rat (mouse) gnaws net. Esopete p. 38; Calila p. 202. 
B552. Man carried by bird. 

B552.1. Alexander carried through air by two grifiRns with meat held in 

front of them. Alexandre cc. 2496-2504; Tubach 125. 
B558.1. Boat drawn by swan. Swan Knight arrives in kingdom and 
departs in boat drawn by his swan-brother. Ultramar 1.1.71.126, 
1.1.135.275-76. 
B560. Animals advise people. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 9 



B562.1.3. Birds show man treasure. Doves saved from death by monk 
show him where to dig for treasure. CalUa p. 334. 

B563.5. Wild leopards guide Jesus and Holy Family through wilderness. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.145 (ADMYTE 91?;). 
B575. Animals as constant attendant of human. 

*B575.2.1. Man raises baby goat. Tries to keep it as a companion ani- 
mal. She runs off to join other wild goats grazing in fields. His ser- 
vants bring her back to house and kill other wild goats. Barlaam pp. 
156-57. 
B580. Animal helps man to wealth and greatness. 

*B581.1. Serpent brings wealth to farmer. Esopete pp. 89-90; Tubach 
4251. 

B700-B799. FANCIFUL TRAITS OF ANIMALS 

*B701. Animals help each other. Sheep shelter others from sim; deer will 
carry each other across rivers; cranes guide other cranes in flight. 
Especulo 87.5. 
B730. Fanciful color, smell, etc. of animals. 

B732. Panther's sweet smell attracts other animals and protects it from 
other beasts. Especulo 50.35; cf. Tubach 3583. 

B741.2. Neighing of stallions in Assyria impregnates mares. Esopete p. 22. 

*B749. Eel opens clam/oyster/conch shell. Uses pebble to wedge it open to 
eat flesh. Especulo 63.44-45. 

*B752.1.1. Enchanted swan sings to signal Swan Knight he must depart 
kingdom in boat. Ultramar 1.1.134.274-75. 

*B765.4.2. Cow thought to have given birth to snake. She flees; snake pur- 
sues; traps her legs and drinks her milk. Teats and legs are black- 
ened. Esopete p. 166. 
B770. Other fanciful traits of animals. 
B773. Animals with human emotions. 

*B773.1.1. Cranes love each other, have a king whose laws they obey, 
and migrate as a group, a.b.c. 60. 

*B773.4. She-wolf ashamed because she stole holy man's bread. He prayed 
for her and forgave her. a.b.c. 29; Tubach 5344. 

*B773.5. Crows care for aged parents. a,b.c. 41; Tubach 642. 



C. TABU 



C0-C99. TABU CONNECTED WITH 
SUPERNATURAL BEINGS 
CIO. Tabu: profanely calling up spirit (devil). 
C12. Devil invoked: appears unexpectedly. 

*C1 2.4.2. Man inadvertently breaks tabu by calling out to devil (servant) 



10 MOTIF INDEX OF 



to help with shoes. Devil appears, a.b.c. 113; Tubach 1605. 
*C12.4.3. Cleric stubs toe on stone and inadvertently praises devil's power. 

He is punished with paralysis and blindness. Cantigas 407, 
C20. Tabu: calling on ogre or destructive animal. 

C25. "Bear's-food." To urge on his horses, a man threatens them with 

the bear, calling them "bear's-food." The bear hears and comes for 

them. Esopete pp. 144-45. 
*C25.2. Child threatened with wolf (ogre). Esopete p. 119. 
*C25.2.1. "Wolf food." To urge his ox on, man angrily says he will feed 

him to wolf. Wolf comes to claim promised food. Disciplina 23; a.b.c. 

363; cf. J2066.5. 
C30. Tabu: ofTending supernatural relative. 

C32.2.1. Tabu: asking name of supernatural husband. Swan Knight tells 

new wife that she must not ask him his name. Ultramar 1.1.68.120. 
C32.2.2. Tabu: asking where supernatural husband comes from. Swan 

Knight tells new wife that she must not ask him what country he 

came from. L/Zrrawar 1.1.68.120. 
C50. Tabu: ofTending the gods. 

*C5 1.4.1.1. Bee offends Jupiter when she asks him for power to kill men. 

Esopete p. 112; see A2346. 1 . 
C54. Rivaling the gods. 

*C54.1. Multiparous woman declares self superior to goddesses of fertility. 

Her fecundity was superior to theirs. Ilustres mujeres 14,21r-22r 

(Niobe). 
*C54.2. Woman skilled at weaving and spinning challenged Pallas Athena 

to a contest. Defeated, she hanged herself. Ilustres mujeres 17. 2424 v- 

25r (Arachne). 
C55.3. Beekeeper puts consecrated Host into beehive to make colony thrive. 

Bees build an altar and put Host on it. He repents sacrilege and 

shows the miracle to public. Especulo 254.172. 
*C55.3.1. Beekeeper puts consecrated Host into beehive. Virgin Mary and 

Child appear in hive. Cantigas 128, 208; Tubach 2662. 
C93. Tabu: trespassing sacred precinct. 

*C93.3.1. Tabu: privy in churchyard. Saint appears to hermit. Tells him 

privy's odor is offensive near church. He must move it. Especulo 

212.146. 
C94. Tabu: rudeness to sacred person or thing. 

C94. 1.1. The cursed dancers. Dancers rude to priest on Christmas Eve. 

Curses them to keep dancing imtil released. Especulo 132.90-91; 

Tubach 1419. 
*C94.1.4. Gambler curses Virgin Mary. Terrible smell issues from his 

heart, a.b.c. 55; cf. Tubach 2240. 
C94.4.1. Tabu: calling profanely on God's eyes. Gambler's eyes fall out. 

a.b.c. 236; Tubach 1949. 

C100-C199. SEX TABU 

*C1 10.2. Tabu: sexual intercourse on night previous to coming to church. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 



Devils torment guilty woman. Saint's prayers cvire her. Espiculo 

96.64-65. 
*C 11 4. 1.1. Tabu: incest. Widow commits incest with son. Forgiven by 

Virgin Mary. a.b.c. 21 A. 
*C 114.3. Tabu: incest. Servant holds candle while nobleman commits 

incest with a relative, a.b.c. 166. 
*C 114.4. Tabu: incest. Mother tries to commit incest with son. He 

refuses and she accuses him of attempted rape, a.b.c. 172; Tubach 

2734. 
*C1 16.1. Tabu: sexual intercourse in public place. Saint invited by a pros- 
titute offers to have sex with her before a crowd. She will not out of 

shame; he asks then how much more shame should she have before 

God. Espiculo 350.250. 
CI 19. IVIiscellaneous tabus concerning sexual intercourse. 

*C 119.1.2.1. Tabu: sexual intercourse on day of consecration of church. 

Violators taken by devil. Saint's prayer frees them. Especulo 277.185. 
*C 119.1.2.2. Tabu: sexual intercourse on feast day. Defiant couple fovmd 

dead embracing in bed next day. Especulo 279.186. 

C200-C299. EATING AND DRINKING TABUS 
C221. Tabu: eating meat. 

*C22 1.0.1. Ascetic (fasting jackal) vows not to eat meat. Calila p. 309. 

*C221.0.2. Tabu: eating meat on Sabbath. Warriors who violate tabu 
captured and killed. Those who ate only bread victorious. Cantigas 
277. 
C230. Tabu: eating at certain time. 

*C235. 1 . Tabu: eating meat during Lent. Saint has only bacon to give guest 
during Lent. Both partake as sign of saint's hospitality. Especulo 
297.207-8; cf Tubach 3243. 
C270. Tabu: drinking certain things. 

*C271.1. Tabu: drinking milk of any other than one's own mother. Angel 
appears to pregnant woman warning that baby is not to have wet- 
nurse. tZ?trawar 1.1.84.168-69; Tubach 3283. 

C400-C499. SPEAKING TABUS 
C400. Speaking tabu. 

*C400.01. Old man traveling in company with monks maintains silence as 

a sign of wisdom, a.b.c. 335. 
*C400.02. Philosopher in desert gains serenity without speaking. a.b.c. 

403. 
C401.2. Tabu: speaking during seven days of danger. Horoscope indicates 

when to be silent. Sendebar p. 73. 
C410. Tabu: asking questions. 

*C41 1.1. Tabu: asking for reason of an unusual action. King forbids that 

anyone ask him why he never laughs. Qifar p. 130. 
*C411.2. Tabu: speaking. Consort of fairy queen must not address her 

subjects nor ask questions of them. Qifar p. 67. 

12 MOTIF INDEX OF 



C41 1.4. Tabu: asking questions. Wife violates tabu (asks forbidden ques- 
tions) and Swan Knight must leave her. Ultramar 1. 1 . 1 27-35 .264-76. 
C430. Name tabu. 

C436. Tabu: disclosing one's identity. Saint must not reveal identity to his 
father. San Alejo p. 74. 

C600-C699. UNIQUE PROHIBITION 
C601. Unique prohibition announced by mysterious voice. 

C601.1. Heavenly voice tells pope he may not enter church. To save 

money, he ceased payment for eternal oil lamp placed there by Con- 

stantine. Especulo 214.147. 
C603. Other unique prohibitions. 

*C603. Entry to palace forbidden. King opens locked palace and enters 

despite prohibition. Opens locked chest despite prohibition. King 

who breaks tabu will lose his kingdom to invaders portrayed on cloth 

in chest. PCG 1.553.307; Abreviada 2.100. 
*C604. Kissing hands of empress forbidden, ^ifarpp. 134-37. 
C610. The one forbidden place. 

*C6 10.01. Wife ordered to guard household in husband's absence. She is 

forbidden to enter oven. Digging arovmd oven she is crushed when 

wall falls. a.b.c. 307; Tubach 5277. 
C611.1. Forbidden door. 

*C61 1.1.2. Church doors will not let woman sinner pass through. All 

others enter freely. Prays to Virgin Mary and is permitted entry. Can- 

tigas 98. 
C620. Tabu: partaking of the one forbidden object. 

C621 . Forbidden tree. Fruit of all trees may be eaten, except one. Estados 

1.38. 

C700-C899. MISCELLANEOUS TABUS 

C770. 1. Overweening pride forbidden. Man proud that he and his clan 

have never known want or unhappiness is swallowed by earth with all 

his belongings. a.b.c. 287; Tubach 3938. 
C771.1. Tabu: building too high a tower (Tower of Babel). Glosa 

3.1.6.35. 
C777. Excessive worry. 

*C777.1. Merchant not to fret over goods on ship at sea. Cannot sleep, 

eat J nor drink. Thinks every wind will cause ship to sink. Castigosl .6A. 

C900-C999. PUNISH2V1ENT FOR BREAKING TABU 
C901.4. Punishment for breaking tabu: assigner suffers own 
penalty. 

*C901.4.2. Consul violates sanctuary. Kills enemies captured in church. 
Later takes sanctuary himself and emperor executes him. Especulo 
211.146. 
C950. Person carried to otherworld for breaking tabu. 

*C951. Knight breaks tabu. Asks emperor why he never laughs. Set a- 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 13 



drift in boat without oars that takes him to otherworld. Qifar p. 1 30. 
C961. Transformation to object for breaking tabu. 

C961.1. Transformation to pillar of salt for breaking tabu. Castigos 
50.212. 



D. MAGIC 



D0-D699. TRANSFOR2VIATION 
DIO. Transformation to person of different sex. 

*D12.0.1. Transformation: man to woman. Man drinks water from magi- 
cal spring. Transformation reversed by tricking a demon. Sendehar 
Day 4, Tale 8. 
D117. Transformation: person to rodent. 

*D 117.1.1. Transformation: person to rat. Hermit prays that God trans- 
form rat-maiden back into rat so that she may marry rat. CalUa p. 
244; Exemplario 58^;; Tubach 3428. 
D130. Transformation: human to domestic beast. 

D136. Transformation: man to swine. Ilustres mujeres 36.43r— 43z; (Circe). 

*D 14 1.1.1. Transformation: young woman to puppy. Woman threatened 
with transformation if she will not acquiesce to a sexual request. 
Sendebar Day 4, Tale 10; a.b.c. 23 A (not in Paris MS); Disciplina 13; 
Tubach 661. 
D150. Transformation: man to bird. 

D161.1. Transformation: man to swan when magic golden chain is re- 
moved from neck. Ultramar 1.1.5^.99; cf. Tubach 1884. 
D315. Transformation: rodent to human. 

D315.1. Rat-maiden. Hermit prays to God that a rat be changed into a 
girl. Raises her as daughter. Calila p. 244; Exemplario 58v; Tubach 
3428. 
D350. Transformation: bird to person. 

*D361.2. Swans changed back into youths by replacement of golden 
chains arovmd neck. Ultramar 1.1.68.118; cf. Tubach 1884. 
D450-D499. Transformation: object to object. 

*D451.10. Transformation: wood becomes stone. Rustic who chopped 
wood on saint's day is reproached by neighbor. Defends self: "This 
wood would turn to stone, if it were wrong to chop it today." It 
changes to stone. Especulo 275.185; Tubach 5371. 

*D454.3. 1.2. White chasuble^ stained red with wine, miraculously returned 
to white by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 73. 
D470. Transformation: material of object changed. 

*D470.1. Water in river transformed to copper by magician, Virgil. LBA 
c. 266. 

*D470.2. Saint changes maggots in sores of nun into precious stones. 
a.b.c. 342; Tubach 2266. 

14 MOTIF INDEX OF 



D530. Transformation: putting on skin or clothing. 
D536. Transformation: removing chains from neck. 

D536.1. Transformation to swans by taking golden chains off neck. Evil 
covmtess orders servants to remove chains from grandsons' necks be- 
fore killing them. Swans escape. Ultramar 1.1.58.98-99; Tubach 
1884. 
D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will. 

*D 6 3 0.1. 1.1. Power of self-transformation wrested from demon by trickery. 
Sendebar Day 4, Tale 8. 

D700-D799. DISENCHANTMENT 
D788. Disenchantment by sign of cross. 

*D788.1. Saint makes spring water safe from serpent with sign of cross. 
Especulo 136.95-96; Tubach 1347. 

D800-D1699. MAGIC OBJECTS 
D800-899. Ownership of magic objects. 
D810. Magic object as gift. 

*D81 1.3. Thread supplied magically to sew new altar cloths for church. 

Cantigas 273. 
D812.8. Magic object received from lady in dream. Candle crushed in 
dream. Nun awakes with piece of candle in hand. Castigos MS A 
BNM 6559 4.95; cf. Tubach 847. 
*D812.16. Gloves and ring given to saint in dream. Sends for them from 
distant place as evidence of appearance in dream. Especulo 300.208-9. 
D871. Magic object traded away. 

D876. Magic treasure animal killed. Goose that laid the golden egg. 
Esopete p. 127. 
D900-D1299. Kinds of magic objects. 
D906. Magic wind. 

*D906.1. Forbidden church burial, pope orders that his remains be 
placed in front of closed church doors. Magic wind blows them open 
as sign of his worthiness. a.b.c. 33; Tubach 2370. 
*D906.2. Extraordinary wind blows arrows shot against Christians back 
against enemy. PCG 2.568.323; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 10.108 
(ADMYTE 36r); Abreviada 2.115; Tubach 349, 4773. 
D910. Magic body of water. 
D915. Magic river. 

*D915.7. Magic river carries worldly debris. Especulo 37.26. 
D927. Magic spring. 

*D915.8. Magic river rises to drown liars. Esopete pp. 100-1. 
D927. 1 . Gods create magic spring in desert. Alexandre cc. 1 1 70-75; Casti- 
gos MS A BNM 6559 31.146 (ADMYTE 92r). 
*D927.6. Magic spring transforms man into woman. Sendebar Day 4, 
Tale 8. 
D960. Magic gardens and plants. 

D978. Magic herbs sought by wise man on quest to India in hope of 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 5 



finding way of resuscitating the dead. Exemplario 5r-5vy Calila pp. 
99-102. 
D990. Magic bodily members: human. 

*D992.4. Magic skull as source of secret political information. Especulo 
147.100. 
D997. Magic internal organs: human. 

*D997.1.2. Heart of woman devoted to Virgin Mary bears image of Vir- 
gin. Observed in autopsy. Cantigas 188; cf. Tubach 1338, 2497, 2498. 
D1030. Magic food. 

*D1031.1.2. Monks complain about shortage of bread. Abbot tells them to 
have faith and patience. Next day, sacks of flour for bread are left at 
their door. Especulo 398.295-96; Tubach 766, 2566. 
*D1032.1.1. King's faith in Virgin Mary brings him food for guests. Four 
shiploads of fish arrive magically. Cantigas 386. 
D1039. Magic food: miscellaneous. 

*D1 039.3. Monk complains about food. Virgin Mary tells him to touch it 

to her Son's wounds; it will sweeten. Especulo 5.5-6. 
*D1 039.4. Monk leaves monastery because of food. Jesus Christ touches 
bread to his wounds; it sweetens. Especulo 6.6. 
D1040. Magic drink. 

D 1040.1. Drink supplied by magic. Virgin Mary replenishes wine at cele- 
bration of her feast day. Cantigas 351. 
D1050. Magic clothes. 

*D 1052.2. Magic chasuble given to S. Ildefonso by Virgin Mary not to 
be worn by any other. It strangles his unworthy successor. Milagros 
1; Cantigas 2; Especulo 375.275-76. 
D 1 05 3 . 1 . Pupil returns from dead to warn master of futility of his studies. 
Wears magic cloak lined with perilous fire. Droplet from cloak bums 
master's hand. a.b.c. 417; Tubach 1103. 
D1065. Magic footwear. 

*D1 065.2.1. Magic slippers given to woman by suitor. Woman unable to 
remove them upon husband's return imtil Virgin Mary helps her. 
Cantigas 64. 
D1070. Magic ornaments. 

*D1071.2. Magic stones engraved with image of Virgin Mary and Child. 
Have power to enlighten literally and figuratively. Cantigas 29. 
D1130. Magic buildings and parts. 

Dl 131. Magic castle. Knight led to magic casde at bottom of enchanted 
lake. Qifar p. 67. 
D1162. Magic Ught. 

Dl 162.2. Magic candles dance on altar when placed there by unrepen- 
tant sinner. Especulo 492.389. 
*D1 162.3. Virgin Mary gives minstrel who sings her praise a magic candle. 
Churchman tries to put candle in candlestick, but it returns to the 
singer's vihuela (guitar). Cantigas 8. 
*D1 162.3.1. Magically curative candle will stay lit only for minstrels. Will 
not bum for bishop. Cantigas 259. 

16 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*D1 162.4. Candles kept alight magically hy Virgin Mary were placed in 

church by man devoted to her. Cantigas 116. 
D1170. Magic utensils and implements. 

*D1 171 .6.5. Magic drinking vessel. Man suffering with a swollen mouth 

and face, unable to drink, cured by glass brought by pilgrims from 

shrine. Santiago 12.74-75. 
*D1 171.7.2. Magic pitcher will not hold water. Given task to fill it, sinner 

prays to Virgin Mary for help. Fills it with own tears. Cantigas 155. 
*D 1206. 1.1. Sickle magically stuck to man's hand because he cut grain 

on a feast day. Removed magically when he offered sickle to St. 

Peter. a.b.c. 164; Cantigas 289. 
D1210. Magical musical instruments. 

D1222. Magical horn (ivory, gold, and precious jewels), negligently left 

in palace to bum in terrible conflagration, saved from fire by magical 

swan. Ultramar I.l. 137. 27S-79. 
D1273.1. Magic numbers. 

D1273. 1.2.1. Five as a magic number. Five joys of the Virgin, five 

senses, five fingers. Milagros 4. 
*D1273.1.2.2. Five as a magic number. Five wounds of Jesus Christ. 

Castigos 9.72. 
D1298. Magic firewood. 

D1298.1. Magic firewood bleeds when cut and curses man who had sent 

him. Monk's servant sent to cut it on Sabbath. Returned to monas- 
tery to find monk had disappeared. Especulo 280.186-87. 
D1300-D1599. Function of magic objects. 
D1300. Magic object gives supernatural wisdom. 

*D 1300.4.1. Stone said to give magic wisdom: wisdom to fools; restore 

hearing to deaf, speech to mutes, sanity to madmen; cure sick; chase 

demons. Revealed to be Jesus Christ. Barlaam p. 48. 
D1310. Magic object gives supematiu-al information. 

*D1310.4.4. Magic sign to show that soul is freed of torment. Black hair 

combings secreted by dead lover turn white when she is freed. Espe- 
culo 353.251-52; Tubach 2397. 
D1317.1. Buttocks as magic watcher. Woman tells slave she can supervise 

him even while she sleeps. Esopete p. 16. 
D1344. Magic object gives invulnerability. 

D 1344.1 1. Magic sword to give invulnerability given to infant Alexander. 

Alexandre c. 94. 
D1380. Magic object protects. 

D 138 1.5. Knight protected in battle by magic shirt. Virgin Mary's shirt 

makes him invulnerable. Cantigas 148. 
*D 138 1.5.1. Virgin Mary's skirt repels besiegers of city. Leader is struck 

blind. After siege is lifted, skirt disappears and eyesight restored. 

Especulo 373.274. 
D 138 1.1 1.1 Magic circle protects from wild animals. Ultramar II.2.254- 

57.370-78. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 7 



D 1381 .20. Sacred relics of Virgin Mary protect ships from pirate's attack. 
Cantigas 35. 
D1385. Magic object protects from evil spirits. 

D1385.19.1. Saint's hose protect woman from incubus. a.b.c. 116; 
Tubach 1118. 
D1400. Magic object overcomes person. 

D 1400. 1.1 6. Magic pennant enables bearer to succeed in any imdertak- 

ing. Qifar^. 138. 
D 1402. 7. Sword that causes death to foe when drawn given to yovmg 
Alexander. Alexandre c. 94. 
D1443. Magic object expels animals. 

*D1 443.2. Saint excommunicates flies that are plaguing a monastery. 
They all die. Especulo 269.181. 
D1500. Magic object controls disease. 

*D 1500.0.2. Book devoted to Virgin Mary has curative powers when 

placed on royal body. Cantigas 209. 
D 1500. 1.7.2. Magic healing spittle. Jesus cures blind man with saliva. 

Castigos 1.39-40. 
*D1500.1.7.3.5. Blood flows from side of crucifix that has been stomped 
upon and tormented. Used as cure, a.b.c. 91; Tubach 1373. 
D1505. Magic object cures blindness. 

D 1505.5.4. Magic spring cures blindness. Location overheard by man 
blinded by monkey-king. Gatos 28. 
D1507. Magic object restores speech. 

D1507.5. Magic cake chewed first by a fox restores speech of princess. 
Gatos 28. 
D1515. Magic antidote for poison. 

*D1 5 15.2.2. Words of mass can protect humans from snake venom. Cas- 
tigos 4.54. 
D1520. Magic object affords miraculous transportation. 

*D1 524.9.1. Magic wind transports hero. Saint's boat is carried at great 

speed to destination. San Alejo p. 74. 
D1525. Magic submarine (boat). Alexander explores sea floor. Alexandre 
cc. 2305-17; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 153.33 (ADMYTE 104z;); 
Tubach 123. 
D1550. Magic object opens and closes. 

D1551. Waters magically divide and close (Red Sea). Castigos MS A 

BNM 6559 15.122. 
D 1557.1. Pilgrims denied entrance to tomb of Santiago pray to him. Saint 
causes doors to shatter and they enter. Santiago 18.94-96. 
D1560. Magic object performs other services for owner. 

D 156 1.2.2. Magic treasure. Magic treasvire (coins hidden in mouse hole) 
gives mouse power to leap into basket of food suspended up high by her- 
mit. Deprived of treasure, loses power. Calila p. 210; Exemplario A5v. 
*D 156 1.2. 5. Magic power in six golden chains changes when melted 
down. Metalworker able to make requested vessel from one chain; 
reserves five. LTZrrawar 1.1.58.100. 



18 MOTIF INDEX OF 



D1600-D1699. Characteristics of magic objects. 
D1620. Magic automata. 

*D1 622.4. Image of Virgin Mary placed in bed by nuns changes color and 
tosses and turns as if she were in labor. Cantigas 361. 

D1624.2. Crucifix bleeds after being stabbed. a.b.c. 90; Tubach 1373. 

D 1639. 2. Image of Virgin saves painter who had painted ugly picture of 
devil. Devil had pulled scaffold away. Cantigas 74; a.b.c. 263; 
Tubach 3573. 

*D1 639.2. 1 . Image of Virgin cvires queen at point of death. Cantigas 256. 
D1650. Other characteristics of magic objects. 

D 1652. 1.1. Charitable person's supply of bread is inexhaustible. a.b,c. 
146, 147; Especulo 169.114; Cantigas 203; Tubach 766. 
D1654. Immovable object. 

D 1654.9.1. Corpse cannot be moved. Corpse of priest's concubine magi- 
cally too heavy to carry. Only other concubines can carry her. Especu- 
lo 111.72-73; Tubach 1265. 

D1654.il. Letter in hand of dead saint (pilgrim) can only be removed by 
pope (abandoned wife, patriarch, bishop, king). San Alejo pp. 78-79; 
Armas p. 128. 

*D1 654. 11.2. Letter in hand of dead convert to Christianity can only be 
removed by bishop who converted him. a.b,c. 283. 

D1700-D2199. MAGIC POWERS AND MANIFESTATIONS 

D1710-D1799. Possession and means of employment of magic 

powers. 
D1712. Soothsayer (diviner, oracle). 

D1712.3 Interpreter of dreams. Bishop interprets king's dream. a.b.c. 61; 
Tubach 1785. 

*D1712.4. Queen casts lots and reads stars to foretell ftature. TTiree 
brothers bom in France will come to conquer holy land. Ultramar 
1.1.166.323. 

*D1712.4.1.1. Interpreter of dreams. False interpretation given by king's 
enemy. Must kill family and advisers, bathe in their blood, and de- 
stroy his defenses to avoid losing his realm. Calila p. 280; Exemplario 
lOv. 
D1713. Magic powers of hermit (saint). 

*D1713.1. Magic powers of saint. Beam for construction of church in 
honor of saint found to be too short. Saint magically extends it. Espe- 
culo 206.143-44; cf Tubach 512. 

*D1713.2. Saint's prayers enable man to return from dead to do pen- 
ance. a.b.c. 129; Tubach 4151. 

*D1713.3. Saint holds scorpions and cuts them in half without peril. 
a.b.c. 237; Tubach 4151; cf Tubach 4279. 

*D1713.4. Magic powers of saint enable him to win dice game with gam- 
bler. a.b.c. 252; Tubach 2239, 4151. 

*D1713.5. Magic powers of saint show him face of death. a.b.c. 296; 
Tubach 4151. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 9 



*D1713.6. Magic powers of saint give him second sight, a.b.c. 378; 

Tubach4151. 
*D1713.7. Saint magically causes emperor's throne to bum. Emperor 

forced to rise and show him signs of reverence. Especulo 464.368. 
*D1713.8. Flood waters stop miraculously at door of saint's church. a.b.c. 

31; Tubach 2091. 
*D1713.9. Infant Jesus commands date palm to bend down to give shade 

in desert. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.145 (ADMYTE 92^). 
*D1713.10. Infant Jesus chases dragons away to protect family. Castigos 

MS A BNM 6559 31.145 (ADMYTE 92z;). 
D1714. Magic powers of person without sin. 

*D1714.2. Saint saves man who had pledged fealty to Satan. a.b.c. 23; 

Milagros 2, 14; Talavera 1.13.90. 
D1719. Possession of magic powers: miscellaneous. 

D1719.6. Magic power of holy cross. Man taught power of cross. Moses' 

magic rod was of the wood of the cross. Especulo 142.98; cf. Tubach 

5373. 
*D1 7 19.6.1. Magic power of cross. Enchanted skull unable to speak in 

presence of sign of cross. Especulo 147.100. 
*D1719.6.2. Magic power of holy cross. David's weapon against Goliath 

prefigured cross. Especulo 148.100-1. 
*D1 7 19.6.3. Magic power of cross. Victim saves self from murder by 

making sign of cross with his arms, a.b.c. 94. 
D1726. Magic power derived from deity. 

*D 1726.0.2. Old man prays that God grant him power to stay awake dui- 

ing spiritual sermons and to fall asleep during evil speech. Especulo 

175.119. 
D1745. Magic power rendered ineffective. 

*D 1745.1.1. Magician 's power rendered ineffective when king recites John 

1:1. "In the beginning was the word." Especulo 530.417. 
*D1 745.3. Witch comes to cure young saint's headache. He sends her 

away. Especulo 529.417. 
D1760. Means of producing magic power. 

D 1766. 1.2. Prayers of woman cause Virgin Mary to show her the infant 

Jesus. a.b.c. 280; Tubach 1021, 1022. 
D 1766. 1.3. Garment produced by prayer. Man's prayer to Virgin Mary 

weaves garment for her. a.b.c. 276; Cantigas 274; Tubach 3913. 
D 1766. 1.4. Pain stopped by prayer. Priest must give up fornication; in 

exchange, pains are cured by saint's prayers. Especulo 110.72. 
D1766.1.7. Cleric prays to Santiago for release firom captivity. He ap- 
pears, imchains prisoners magically, and leads them to fireedom. San- 
tiago 1.45-48, 11.73-74; 14.77-79; cf Tubach 926 (Virgin Mary). 
*D1766. 1.7.1. Prisoner's wife prays for his release. Released, he tells her 

that in prison, he felt himself fireed firom his restraints. a.b.c. 318; 

Especulo 247.169; Tubach 3893. 
*D1766.1.7.2 Prisoner chained cruelly miraculously released firom chains 

at tierce when mass was said for him. Especulo 249.170. 

20 MOTIF INDEX OF 



D 1766. 1.8. Food produced by prayer. Cleric unable to feed workmen who 

are repairing church dedicated to saint prays to saint for help. Finds 

an oven full of bread. Especulo 207.144. 
*D 1766. 1.8.1. Bishop trapped in hill of sand. His wife mourned and left 

offerings of food, wine, and candles in church for a year, failing one 

day. He was sustained magically for a year (failing one day) imtil he 

was rescued. Especulo 154.106-7. 
*D1766.1.8.2. Sailor drowning at sea saved by mass at moment when it 

was said for him. Magically supplied with bread. Especulo 251.170- 

71;Tubach4148. 
*D1766.1.9. Prayers of community led by saint defeat devil. a.b.c. 23. 
*D 1766. 1.10. Hermit prays for companionship. Bear comes to serve him. 

a. B.C. 329; Tubach 519. 
*D 1766.1.1 1. Prayers of holy man cause four evildoers to sicken and die. 

a.b.c. 329; Tubach 519. 
*D 1766. 1.1 2. Prayers bring rain. Farmers shown how to pray devoutly. 

a.b.c. 331; cf. Tubach 3885. 
*D 1 766. 1.13. Prayer. Man enters church dark, heavy with sin accompa- 
nied by devil. He prays, and leaves light, bright, and accompanied by 

an angel. a.b.c. 332. 
*D1766.1.14. Captive's prayers move mountain. a.b.c. 170; Tubach 3424. 
*D1766.1.15. Prince throws weapons down and prays for victory. Wins 

battle. a.b.c. 32; Tubach 3875. 
D1766.6. Magic result from sign of the cross. 

*D1766.6.4.1. Sign of cross. Saint makes sign of cross over poisoned 

wine and is able to drink it without danger. Especulo 141.98. 
*D1766.6.4.2. Sign of cross. Saint makes sign of cross and wine glass 

containing poison breaks and spills contents. Especulo 138.96. 
*D1766.6.4.3. Sign of cross. Evil spirit conjured away by sign of cross. 

Sign of cross cures bishop's ruddy face, a.b.c. 157. 
D1766.7. Magic results from uttering powerful name. 

*D 17 66.7. 1.2. Philosophers come to dispute with bishop to show him he 

should return to their ancient faith. He orders them to be silent in 

Christ's name, and they lose power of speech. a.b.c. 431; Tubach 

4560. 
D1766.7.3. Magic results produced in name of saint. Pilgrim falls into sea, 

calls out to Santiago. Friend throws shield to him. Travels safely to 

port under Santiago's protection. Santiago 10.72-73. 
D1800-D2199. Manifestations of magic power. 
D1810. Magic knowledge. 

D18 10.0.2. Magic knowledge. Devil disguised as magician conjures up 

magical skull to tell envoy of enemy's plans. Especulo 147.100. 
Dl 8 10.0.3.1. Saint perceives cheat. He knows that a boy has hidden a 

basket of fruit sent him by a friend. He warns boy that a snake has 

hidden in basket, a.b.c. 393; Tubach 4259. 
D1810.0.3.2. Saint perceives cheat. Pilgrims hide their clothes in woods 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 21 



and then ask saint to clothe them. He tells them to return and get 

their own clothes in woods, a.b.c. 378; Tubach 3805. 
D1811. Magic wisdom. 

*D1811.3. Poet calls on Virgin Mary for perfect line in poem to her. 

Cantigas 202. 
D1812. Magic power of prophecy. 

*D1 8 12.3.3.0.4. Captive interprets royal dream. Grateful king frees him. 

a.b.c. 61. 
D1812.3.3.8. Pregnant woman's dream reveals future of unborn child. a.b.c. 

180; Ultramar 1.1.84.169, 1.1.144.290-91; Alexandre cc. 348-49. 
*D1 81 2.3.3.8.1. Father's dream that sun's rays emanated from pregnant 

wife's womb. Prophecy of future greatness of unborn child, a.b.c. 

180. 
*D1812.3.3.12. Death of bishop revealed in deacon's dream. a.b.c. 65. 
D1812.5. Future learned through omens. 

D1812.5.0.1 Omens from sneezing (flatulence). Omen makes wolf leave 

food behind in hope of better. LBA cc. 766-79; Esopete p. 91-93. 
D1812.5.0.2. Kill bird that lands on head. Omen of personal gain or loss 

to realm. Good ruler chooses not to kill. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

57.184. 
D1812.5.1.4. Eclipse as evil omen. Tubach 1475.3; Alexandre c. 1227. 
*D1 8 12.5.2. 12. Omen. Bird left serpent's egg in king's lap. Sign that 

unborn son would rule the world, a.b.c. 180. 
*D1812.5.2.13. Omen. Hen's egg heated produced a crested chick. 

Omen that imbom royal child would be a son who would rule 

empire, a.b.c. 180. 
D1813. Magic knowledge of events in distant place. 

*D1813.1.3.1. Dream warns king of uprising and danger to Christian 

church. King and queen have same dream of Virgin Mary and child 

in danger of fire. Cantigas 345. 
*D1813.5. Jesus comes to bishop in dream to lead him to interment of Saint 

Martha. Sends for saint's gloves and ring as evidence of his presence. 

Especulo 300.208-9. 
D1814. Magic advice. 

D1814.2. Advice from dream. St. James appears, tells king he will defeat 

enemy. PCG 2.629.360. 
*D1814.2.1. Advice from dream. Angel appears in dream to three 

knights. They must go to holy land and capture it. Ultramar 

1.1.188.362-63. 
*D1814.2.2. Advice from dream. Cleric dreams of birds of prey; must 

htmt usurers. Especulo 565.461. 
D1815. Magic knowledge of strange tongues. 

D1815.2. Magic knowledge of language of animals. Aesop rewarded for 

kindness to traveler. Esopete p. 3. 
D1816.2. Lost object discovered by magic. 

*D1816.2.1.1. Lost object discovered by magic. Stolen ring lost in river, 

recovered in fish's belly. Cantigas 369; Tubach 4102. 

22 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*D1 8 16.2.2. Lost animal (falcon) discovered miraculously. Virgin Mary 

helps noble hunter to find lost falcon. Cantigas 366. 
*D1816.2.3. Lost sheep brought safely home by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 398. 
*D1 81 6.2.4. Stolen necklace returned to owner by Virgin Mary. Necklace, 

borrowed by poor woman for wedding, stolen. Cantigas 212. 
*D1 8 16.2.5. Lost ring recovered. Royal ring found by traveler and 

returned to owner who had prayed to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 376. 
D1817. Magic detection of crime. 

*D1817.0.1.7. God disguised as pilgrim says he has eyes in back of neck. 

Saw theft of pig by barber. Especulo 553.445; Tubach 1018. 
Dl 81 7.0.2. Magic sight of blind bishop sees that an archdeacon is about 

to poison him. Drinks poison but sends message that evil archdeacon 

will not succeed him because he will die magically, a.b.c. 239; 

Tubach 697. 
D1820. Magic sight and hearing. 

D 1820. 1.1. Magic sight of blind holy man lets him see that king is king. 

a.b.c. 239. 
D 182 1.7. Knight entering a monastery decided to remain mute to avoid 

error. Muteness enables him to see demons carry off soul of dying 

knight, and angels carrying off soul of another knight, a.b.c. 409. 
D1825. Kinds of magic sight. 

D 1825.3.2. Magic power of sight. Sees angel in form of bright star over 

heads of good people or dark star over the heads of evil people. a.b.c. 

203; Especulo 481.378. 
D 1825.3.3.1. Magic power to see souls after death. Souls of the just fly 

through air and souls of the damned fall. Especulo 336.237-39. 
D1830. Magic strength. 

D1831. Magic strength resides in hair. Samson, shorn by Delilah, is left 

powerless. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 22.138 (ADMYTE 80r). 
*D 183 1.4. Magic strength in lion skin. Woman convinces Hercules to 

take off magic garb and to discard magic club. Rustres mujeres 

21.27?^28^;(Iole). 
*D 1835.7. Magic strength of short-statured knight-warrior derived firom 

faith and moral rectitude (died a virgin). Castigos 1.38-39; Tubach 

4656. 
D1840. Magic invulnerability. 

D 1840. 1.2. Magic invulnerability of saint. Able to sunder poisonous 

snakes with his bare hands. a.b.c. 237; Tubach 4279. 
D1840. 1.2.1. Saint invulnerable to poison. Drinks poison; is saved by 

divine protection. Estados 1.62; Tubach 4151. 
D 1840. 1.4. Man protected from damnation by good works. Gave store of 

good works to save sinner. Devils will take saintly man now bereft of 

good works. Generous act judged sufficient for salvation, a.b.c. 138. 
D1841. Invulnerability from certain things. 

*D 184 1.1. 2. King's robes unmarked by mud. Kneels to honor host, rises 

unsoiled. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 16.127 (ADMYTE 66r); 

Tubach 1110. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 23 



*D1841.1.3. Invulnerability from sword blows. Image of Virgin Mary 

resists blows of enemies. Cantigas 215. 
*D 184 1.1. 4. Words of mass give invulnerability from venom of poisonous 

snakes. Castigos 4.54. 
D 184 1.3. Burning magically evaded; monk survives when cell set afire; 

survives being thrown into fiery ftimace. a.b.c. 389; Tubach 2038. 
D1841.3.2. Invulnerability from fire. Image of Virgin Mary resists 

burning by enemies. Cantigas 215. 
D 184 1.3. 3. Sacred book or manuscript does not bum in fire. Book of St. 

James's miracles does not bum, Santiago p. 45. 
D 1841 .4.4. Rain or snow avoids certain places according to desire of saint or 

monk. Saint makes sign of cross and creates an area free of rain in a 

storm. Especulo 140.97. 
*D1841.4.6. Invulnerability from drowning. Image of Virgin Mary resists 

drowning by enemies. Cantigas 215. 
*D1841.4.7. Woman pilgrim falls into sea, calls upon Virgin for help. Is 

saved. Cantigas 383. 
D1845.2. Clothes confer invulnerability. Hero as infant given magic gifts. 

Alexandre cc. 100-6. 
D 1846.4.2. Virgin Mary sends maidens to anoint dying man. Magic 

anointing restores him to life. Cantigas 204. 
D1880. Magic rejuvenation. 

*D1882.1.1. Magic rejuvenation. Monk, after suffering wasting disease, 

prays to Virgin Mary and is rejuvenated. Appears to be twenty. Can- 
tigas 141. 
D1890. Magic aging. 

*D 1890.0.1. Magic aging. Monk falls to knees at mention of Virgin 

Mary. Sickens and ages rapidly. Cantigas 141. 
D1920. Other permanent magic characteristics. 

D1925.3. Barrenness removed by prayer. After years of prayer childless 

couple have child. San Alejo p. 68; Sendebar p. 67; Cantigas 43. 
D2000. Magic forgetfulness. 

D20 11.1. Years seem moments while man listens to song of bird. Monk in 

search of heaven follows bird of paradise. Returns to monastery 200 

years later. a.b.c. 181; Especulo 290.201; Cantigas 103; Tubach 3378. 
D2020. Magic loss of speech. 

*D2021 .2. Gambler punished for blasphemy. Tongue grew a palm's length 

and he lost power of speech. a.b.c. 52; Tubach 677; cf. Tubach 4906. 
D2025. Magic recovery of speech. 

*D2025.6. Magic recovery of speech as reward for hospitality to traveler. 

Esopete pp. 3-4. 
*D2025.7. Son, bom mute, recovers speech when his father is in danger. 

Cries out warning. a.b.c. 173. 
D2031. Magic illusion. 

D2031.5. Man magically made to believe self to be bishop, archbishop, 

cardinal, and pope. When he reftises to reward the magician, the 

latter shows him the reality. Lucanor Ex. 1 1 . 

24 MOTIF INDEX OF 



D2050-D2099. Destructive magic powers. 
D2070. Bewitching. 

*D2071.0.4. Women with double pupils kill those who anger them with a 
glance. Glosa 2.3.20.340. 

*D2071.0.5. Men kill enemies with eyes like a basilisk. Glosa 2.3.20.340. 

D2072.0.1. Sword made magically helpless. Executioner's arm paralyzed; 
unable to behead holy man. a.b.c. 295. 

D2072.0.3. Ship held back miraculously. Man devoted to Virgin Mary is 
captive of Moorish pirates. Ships cannot leave port until he is re- 
leased. Cantigas 95. 

*D2072.7. Thief prevented magically from leaving church. Virgin Mary 
keeps him there until he confesses and returns stolen money to 
fellow pilgrim. Cantigas 302. 
D2080. Magic used against property. 

D2086.1. Sword magically dulled in attempted execution of innocent 
woman. a.b.c. 14; Tubach 4697. 

*D2086.2.1. Executioner's sword unable to behead prisoner under protec- 
tion of Santiago. Santiago 20.99-101. 

*D2089.3.2. Magic spell causes knight's horses to die in ten days. Qifarp. 5. 
D2090. Other destructive magic powers. 

D209 1.11. Black cloud magically blown upon army of hero's enemy. 
They are blinded and begin striking each other. Ultramar 
1.1.105.218. 

*D2091.17. Enemy's arrows deflected from target magically so that they 
turn against the archer. PCG 2.568.322-24. 

D2093. Walls (Jericho) overthrown by magic. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
69.198. 
D2100— D2199. Other manifestations of magic power. 
D2105. Provisions magically furnished. 

*D2105.2.1. Magically furnished food supply. Virgin Mary rewards man 
for his generosity to her when she visited him in disguise. Cantigas 
335. 
D2106. Magic multiplication of objects. 

D2106.1.5. Multiplication of loaves and fishes. Jesus made five loaves and 
two fish to feed 5,000 people. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 54.181. 
D2120. Magic transportation. 

D2 125.1. Magic power to walk on water. Saint sends disciple to save a 
youth from drowning. Obedience gave him magical power to walk on 
water. Especulo 416.314. 
D2140. Magic control of elements. 

D2 140.1. Control of weather by holy man's prayers. Friars had prayed for 
rain in vain; holy man's prayers more powerfiil; they bring rain. a.b.c. 
266. 

D2 140.1.1. Storm magically stilled, Jesus appears to Simon and other fish- 
ermen and saves them from storm at sea. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
8.100; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 84.217 (ADMYTE 22r); cf. Tu- 
bach 4649. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 25 



D2 14 1.0. 9. Virgin Mary causes storm at sea to impede escape of Moorish 

pirates who have plundered Christian settlement. They renirn and 

tvim over spoils to king. Cantigas 379. 
D2142. Winds controlled by magic. 

D2142.0.2. Winds free warship trapped in narrow river. Caused by prayers 

to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 27 1 . 
D2142.1. Wind produced by magic. Woman has power to cause winds to 

produce tempests. Ilustres mujeres \6.23v (Medea). 
D2143. Precipitation controlled by magic. 

D2 143. 1.3. Holy man magically produces rain by praying, a.b.c. 331; 

Tubach 3885. 
*D2143. 1.3.1. Preaching friar promises rain to flock if they will repent sins 

and pray to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 143. 
D2143.2.1. Church spared in flood because of prayers. Flood waters 

reached doors of church. a.b.c. 31; Tubach 2091. 
*D2 143.4.2. Image of Virgin Mary placed in vineyard protects it from 

hailstorm that devastates other vineyards in vicinity. Cantigas 161. 
D2 148.3. Virgin Mary will halt volcanic eruption if good man writes a 

poem in her praise. Cantigas 301 . 
D2149.4. Magic control of gravitation. 

*D2149.4.3. Stonemason, falling from great height, calls upon Virgin 

Mary. He hangs by fingertips until she comes. Cantigas 242, 249. 
*D2 149.4.4. Virgin Mary saves workmen when sand hill collapses and 

smothers them. Cantigas 252. 
*D2 149.4.5. Virgin Mary saves assembled worshipers. Keeps great wooden 

beam from falling. Cantigas 266. 
D2150. Miscellaneous magic manifestations. 

D2151.1.3. Sea calmed by prayer to Santiago. Saint saves ship in storm. 

Santiago 9.69-72. 
*D2151.9. Magic control of waters. Bishop's prayers dry up flood and 

mend destroyed walls of city. a.b.c. 332. 
D2152. Magic control of mountains. 

D2152.1. Magic leveling of mountain. Christians remember Matthew 

17:20. To obey sultan's orders to level a mountain, they use prayer. 

a.b.c. 170; Especulo 281.188-89; Tubach 3424. 
*D2152.1.1. God causes mountain to fall on enemy of Christian army. 

PCG 2.568.323. 
*D2152.1.2. Mountains caused to fall. Alexander prayed that mountains 

seal off captives who had offended their own god. Especulo 283. 1 89-90. 
*D2 152.6. Virgin Mary's image's roar causes earth tremors to protect 

monk from prosecution for minting money illegally. Cantigas 1 64. 
D2156. Magic control over animals. 

D2 156.5. Homed vipers easily controlled by saint. a.b.c. 237; Tubach 

4279. 
*D2156.12. Saint shuns eating meat. Requests fish at father's table. A 

great fish was caught for him where none had ever been seen. 

Especulo 2.4-5. 

26 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*D2156.13. Hero fearlessly leads lion by collar back into cage. CMC w. 
2282-2304. 
D2158. Magic control of fires. 

D2 158.1. Magic kindling of fire. Enchanter's spell causes fire to be 
kindled only in contact with a particular woman's private parts. LBA 
c. 263. 

D2 158.2. Magic extinguishing of fire. Virgin Mary's image uses veil to ex- 
tinguish church fire. Cantigas 332. 
D2161. Magic healing power. 

*D21 61 .2.4. Magic candle that protects against erysipelas given to devotees 
by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 259. 

*D2161.2.5. Cure by holy man effected in absence of patient, a.b.c. 63; 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 87.221. 
D2161.3. Magic cure of physical defect. 

D2 16 1.3.1. Blindness magically cured. Spring cures all in kingdom who 
are blind. Gatos 28. 

D2 16 1.3. 1.1. Eyes torn out magically replaced. Monkey-king orders eyes 
of truth-teller ripped out. Blinded person overhears animals speak of 
secret spring that restores his eyes and cures blindness. Gatos 28. 

D2161.3.2. Magic restoration of severed hand. a.b.c. 273, 391; Cantigas 
206, 265; Tubach 2419. 

D2161.3.6. Loss of speech magically cured by bread (prechewed by fox). 
Gatos 28. 

D2 16 1.3. 6.1. Magic restoration of cut-out tongue. Gambler who loses at 
dice blasphemes and cuts out own tongue. Virgin Mary pardons him 
and restores it. Cantigas 174. 
D2161.4. Methods of magic cure. 

D2161.4.9. Baptism as magic cure. Especulo 73.49 (gout); Especulo 74.50 
(paralysis); Especulo 75.50 (elephantiasis); Especulo 76.50 (fever). 

*D2 161.4.9.1. Blindness magically cured by prayer. Jesus cures blind man. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.221-22. 

*D2161.4.9.2. Blindness magically cured. Saint orders blind man to see 
in Jesus's name. Especulo 282.189. 

*D2161.4.9.3. Blindness magically cured. Jesus uses saliva to restore 
blind man's sight. Castigos 1.39. 
D2161.5. Magic cure by certain persons. 

D21 6 1 .5. 1 . Holy man prescribes cure for paralysis. Emperor's son paralyzed 
by joy; ctired by anger at preferential treatment of enemy. a.b.c. 204. 

*D2 161.5.1.1. Angel appears to man who had sinned by heeding devil's ad- 
monition that he accumulate savings. Angel cures his gangrenous foot 
when he repents. a.b.c. 355. 

*D2161.5.2.3 Cure by milk of Virgin Mary. Saint's sight restored. Can- 
tigas 138. 

D2161.5.2.4.1. Emperor severs hand of purported traitor. Severed hand re- 
stored by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 273; Tubach 2419. 

*D2161.5.2.4.2. Severed limb restored by Virgin Mary. Man suffering 
pain of erysipelas severed own foot. She restored foot and ciu-es other 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 27 



sufferers' pain. Cantigas 134. 
*D2161.5.2.4.3. Severed limbs restored by Virgin Mary. Woman pilgrim's 

son captured by thieves who cut off his hands and take out his eyes. 

Pilgrim prays to Virgin and she restores his hands and eyes. Cantigas 

146. 
*D2161.5.2.4.4. Severed tongue replaced by Virgin Mary. Man punished 

by heretics able once again to sing her praises. Cantigas 156. 
*D2161.5.2.4.5. Severed hand restored by Virgin Mary. Pope severs hand 

kissed by woman. Restored miraculously by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 391; 

Cantigas 206; Tubach 2419. 
*D2161.5.2.4.8. Severed limbs restored by Virgin Mary. Yovmg man 

kicked mother. Begged mother's pardon but could not enter church 

until he severed offending foot. Virgin restored it. Cantigas 127. 
D2 16 1.5. 2. 5. Woman poisoned by spider venom cured by Virgin Mary. 

Especulo 363.266; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.216. 
*D2161.5.2.5.1. Chaplain swallows spider from communion chalice. Virgin 

Mary cures him; spider leaves body through arm. Cantigas 222. 
D2 16 1.5. 2. 6. Terrible headaches that prevent monk (nun) from praying 

cured by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 279; Tubach 2488. 
*D2161.5.2.7. Virgin Mary removes arrow piercing face (eye) of devotee. 

Cantigas 126, 129. 
*D2161.5.2.8. Blindness cured by Virgin Mary in exchange for vow to go 

to church and to abstain from meat. Especulo 562.456. 
*D2161.5.5.1. Angel cures man's foot after hearing him confess that he 

had sinned by accumulating wealth, a.b.c. 355. 
D2163. Magic defense in battle. 

*D2 163.3.1. Statue of Virgin Mary intercepts arrow to protect those 

behind her in defense of precious monstrance. Cantigas 51. 
*D2163.3.1.1. Virgin Mary protects knight from enemies. She surrounds 

him magically with garland of roses. Cantigas 121. 
*D2163.3.1.2. Devils cause playful battle at festival to turn serious. Virgin 

Mary intervenes so that combatants are not hurt. Cantigas 198. 
*D2163.5.3. Military leader, facing defeat, threw down arms and prayed. 

Troops rallied and prevailed against enemy, a.b.c. 32; Tubach 3875. 
*D2163.5.4. Bishop's prayers visit enemy troops with flies and stinging 

insects. Horses and camels flee and siege of city is lifted. a.b.c. 332; 

Tubach 2754. 
D2167. Corpse saved from corruption. 

*D2 167.0.1. Corpse magically saved from corruption. Holy man alwajrs 

said Ave Maria. Body buried beneath tree whose leaves bore legend 

"Ave Maria." a.b.c. 43. 
*D2 167.0.2. Corpse magically saved from corruption because of previous 

devotion to Virgin Mary. When grave was opened aromatic flowers 

issued from vmcorrupted corpse's mouth. Milagros 3. 
*D2 167.0.3. Corpses magically saved from corruption. Saint and wife lived 

chastely for thirty-six years. Disinterred, bodies vmcorrupted. Especulo 

93.63-64. 

28 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*D21 67.0.4. Corpses magically saved from corruption. Emit sweet fra- 
grance. Barlaam pp. 349-50. 
D2174. Magic dancing. 

D2174. Magic dancing. Enchanted persons dance till released. Priest curses 
young dancers for levity and lustfulness on Christmas Eve. They 
cannot detach selves and must dance until a year passes. Especulo 
132.90-91; Tubach 1419. 
D2176. Exorcising by magic. 

D2176.3.4. Holy monk drives demon out of his attacker, a.b.c. 291. 

*D2 176.3.4.1. Young shepherd's seizures caused by demonic possession. 
Devils drown him. Child's imcle makes pilgrimage and Virgin Mary 
casts out devils and revives youth. Cantigas 197. 

*D2176.3.5.1. Virgin Mary drives demon out of possessed woman who 
prayed to her. Cantigas 298. 

*D2176.3.6. Mother prays that Virgin Mary drive demon out of possessed 
child. She is then able to speak. Cantigas 343. 

D2176.5. Burning cut hair to prevent witchcraft, a.b.c. 424. 

*D2 176.7. Sinner enters church dressed in black accompanied by devil; 
prays and leaves light and clear and accompanied by angel, a.b.c. 330. 



E. THE DEAD 



E0-E199. RESUSCITATION 
E63. Resuscitation by prayer. 

*E63.3. Husband says to jealous wife that he loves another woman, the 

Virgin Mary. Wife stabs self, and Virgin responds to his prayers by 

resuscitating wife. Cantigas 84. 
*E63.4. Virgin Mary revives man thought to be dead. Already placed in 

coffin. Cantigas 223. 
*E63.5. Virgin Mary revives pilgrim struck by lightning. He sits up and re- 
proaches companion who had doubted. Cantigas 311. 
El 00. Resuscitation by medicines. 

ElOl. Resuscitation by ointment. Woman thought to be dead revived by 

salve and heat. Apolonio c. 308. 
El 05. Resuscitation by herbs. Sage sent in quest to India to find herbs 

with power of resuscitation. Exemplario 5r-5v\ Calila pp. 99-102. 
E120. Other means of resuscitation. 

El 2 1.3. Resuscitation by Virgin Mary. After three miscarriages, woman 

has still-born child. Child brought back to life. Cantigas 118, 224. 
*E1 2 1 .3. 1 . Little girl who had drowned resuscitated by Virgin Mary during 

fianeral rites. Cantigas 133. 
*E 12 1.3. 1.2. Resuscitation by Virgin Mary (Santiago). Man devoted to 

Santiago, tricked into castrating self dies on pilgrimage. Corpse taken 

for burial revives. Santiago 17.86-94. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 29 



*E 12 1.3. 1.3. Princess sickens and dies; resuscitated by Virgin Mary. Can- 

tigas 122. 
*E 12 1.3. 2. Son of Moorish woman resuscitated by Virgin Mary. Mother 

converts to Christianity. Cantigas 167. 
*E 12 1.3. 2.1. Newly betrothed son dies in fall. Resuscitated by Virgin 

Mary because of mother's prayers. Youth and betrothed enter relig- 
ious orders. Cantigas 241. 
*E 12 1.3. 2. 2. Woman neglects promise to make pilgrimage; son dies. Prays 

to Virgin Mary who resuscitates child dead for four days. Cantigas 

347. 
*E 12 1.3. 2. 3. Virgin resuscitates child whose parents brought him to her 

shrine. Cantigas 381. 
*E 12 1.3. 3. Woman's last surviving son dead three days resuscitated by 

Virgin Mary. Cantigas 168. 
*E 12 1.3. 4. Virgin Mary resuscitates boy killed and buried by Jew because 

the boy sang "Gaude Maria." Cantigas 6. 
*E 12 1.3. 5. Virgin Mary restores life to drowned child. Transports him to 

destination of parents' pilgrimage. Cantigas 171. 
*E 12 1.3. 5.1. Man fleeing Moorish raiders commends dead son to Virgin 

Mary. Returns to house after attack, finds house untouched and son 

alive and well. Cantigas 323. 
*E 12 1.3. 6. Virgin Mary resuscitates robber whose soul demons have carried 

off. Mother prayed to Virgin who restored his life. Cantigas 182. 
*E 12 1.3. 7. Woman killed by robbers resuscitated by Virgin Mary so that 

she can confess. Cantigas 231 . 
*E 12 1.3. 8. Virgin Mary resuscitates girl bleeding from the eyes and 

thought to be at point of death for three days. Cantigas 378. 
El 2 1.4. Resuscitation by St. James. Prayers to Santiago enabled childless 

couple to have child. He dies when on pilgrimage. Santiago resusci- 
tates him. Santiago 3.50-52; Tubach 971. 
El 2 1.5. Resuscitation by holy man (priest). Disconsolate widow had not 

permitted interment, a.b.c. 286; Tubach 4082. 
E121.5.2. Resuscitation by holy man. Grieving mother pleads with saint 

to revive her son. He does, a.b.c. 301. 
El 50. Circumstances of resuscitation. 

*E169. Man makes wax figure of valued falcon that has died. Takes it to 

church and prays to Virgin Mary. She resuscitates bird. Cantigas 352. 
*E169.1. Royal scribe makes wax figure of dying horse. Takes it to church 

and prays to Virgin Mary. Horse survives. Cantigas 375. 
*E169.2. During royal hunt, king's pet weasel is trampled by horse. King 

calls on Virgin Mary to save its life. Animal revives. Cantigas 354, 
E171. Virgin Mary resuscitates half-flayed mule in response to litde boy's 

prayers and promise of candle. Cantigas 178, 228. 

E200-E599. GHOSTS AND OTHER REVENANTS 
E200-E299. Malevolent return from the dead. 
E234. Ghost punishes injury received in life. 

30 MOTIF INDEX OF 



E234.0.2. Ghost punishes person who mocks it. St. Gregory strikes dead 

evil successor. a.h.c. 100; cf. Tubach 3817. 
E235. Return from dead to punish indignities to corpse, or ghost. 
E235.4.3.1. Corpse of usurer rises up, destroys church furnishings, beats 

monks, kills one, because his soul was suffering torments despite 

promises that soul would be prayed out of hell, a.b.c. 149; Tubach 

5031. 
E235.7. Return from dead to capture thief of sheep. Corpse emanates 

power to hold thief captive and to make stolen sheep adhere to him. 

Thief has to pass the tomb of a holy man with his stolen sheep magi- 
cally stuck to him so that he was caught. a.b.c. 99; Tubach 1498 b. 
*E235.9. Disinterred corpse spits gold at grave robbers. They flee. a.b.c. 

123. 
E243. Ghosts in cemetery attack bishop who had suspended priest who 

had said requiem mass for dead each day. a.b.c. 297; Tubach 2424. 
E300-E399. Friendly return from the dead. 

*E301. Prior returns from dead to tell pious sacristan of his torment and of 

how the Virgin Mary had led him to heaven. Sacristan related all to the 

chapter. Milagros 12; Especulo 333.234, 376.276. 
E301.1. Monk appears to friend to tell him he has been saved because of 

his life as a religious. Especulo 503.395, 510.402-3. 
*E301.2. Cleric who had refused to accept bishopric returns from dead to tell 

scholar he was better off than those church oflficials among the 

damned. Especulo 471.371. 
*E301.3. Monk returns from dead tormented because he had given a pair 

of shoes to a nephew without permission. Asks friend to get shoes 

and to return them to free him from torment. Especulo 480.377-78; 

Tubach 4347. 
*E301.4. Monk returns from dead to ask for prayers to shorten his stay in 

purgatory. Abbot and monks cut short chapter meeting to pray for 

him. Especulo 488.385. 
*E301.5. Dead monk tortured and ugly appears to friend to warn him that 

pride in disputation and scholarship will be pvinished. Especulo 540.434. 
*E301.6. Friendly return of dead monk. Grateful for thirty days of con- 
tinuous masses said for him. Especulo 150.104-5. 
*E301.7. Dead cleric returns to tell friend he is damned. Asked why 

confession and sacrament did not save him replied that they had no 

effect, because he acted out of fear of God, not out of love. Especulo 

552.444-45; Tubach 1188 a) 1. 
*E301.8. Pilgrim returns from dead to warn companions to take leave of 

their feudal lord who is going to die badly. Lord falls from horse and 

surrenders soul to demons. Santiago 16.81-85. 
*E301.9. Soul of dead man returns. Warns that he had wasted his time 

on earth. Especulo 406.303. 
*E301.10. Dead woman returns to warn another of peril of self-adornment. 

Condemned to comb hair painfully with iron comb. Jardin p. 285; 

Gfosa 2.1.21.106. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 31 



*E302. Aristotle appears to scholar who asks him for genus and species of 
logic. Dead philosopher answers that in hell there is no scholarship, 
only torment and intemperate winds. Especulo 335.235. 

*E303. Scholar returns from dead to tell friend that he read devil's 
message written on his hand; devil grateful for fools who come to 
hell because of bad churchmen. Especulo 470.371. 
E310. Dead lover's friendly return. 

*E312. Young woman returns to ask lover to say mass for her. Their carnal 
desire was sin. He says mass and enters religious order. Especulo 
353.251-52. 
E320. Dead relative's friendly return. 

E323. Dead mother returns, grateful to son for having completed her 
penance. Especulo 166.111-12. 

E323.4. Mother returns from the dead to tell son of torments of hell and 
joys of heaven. Especulo 56.38-39. 

*E323.9. Dead mother returns. Suffers, covered with fiery serpents. Cleric 
son's prayers cannot help because she had adorned herself excessively 
in life. Especulo 432.326-27. 

E325. Dead sister's ghost returns resplendent. Saint's acts of penance had 
freed her from torment. Especulo 163.110. 

E326. Dead brother permitted to return to life to repent his sins and save 
his soul. While on earth he asks pope to say mass for his dead broth- 
er to free him from purgatory. Milagros 10. 

*E326. 1 . Dead brother's friendly return. Tells brother he has gone directly 
to heaven because of his pilgrimage to Holy Land. Especulo 144.99. 
E360. Other reasons for friendly return from the dead. 

*E361.4. Young woman, delivered from purgatory, rerwm^ to thank deacon 
(to thank her employer) who had prayed that she benefit from all his 
pilgrimages, charity, and good works. Especulo 317.222, 318.222-23. 
E365. Return from death to ask forgiveness. 

*E365.0.1. Woman thought to have died without stain on character returns 
to tell confessor she had offended her mother during her lifetime. 
Devils now torment her. Especulo 440.334; a.b.c. 336. 

E365. 1. Woman thought to have died without stain on character returns to 
tell confessor that she had listened to and enjoyed secular music. 
Asks forgiveness. Especulo 5.92-93; Tubach 1188 a) 4. 
E366. Return from death to aid living. 

E366.1. Return of dead monk to tell how Virgin Mary had saved him from 
devils. Monk's body twisted and became discolored when devils were 
tormenting him. Cantigas 123. 

*E367.6. Soul of nun returns to preach repentance. Out of shame she had 
not repented her sins when alive, a.b.c. 75; Tubach 1188 a) 4. 

E368. Pupil returns from dead to warn master of futility of his studies. 
Wears magic cloak bearing sophistries lined with perilous fire. Drop- 
let from cloak bums master's hand a.b.c. 417; Especulo 278.185-86; 
Tubach 1103. 

*E369. Dead apostate's hand swells with blood and points to heaven. He 

32 MOTIF INDEX OF 



cries out that another had defeated him. Especulo 54.37-38. 
E400— E599. Ghosts and revenants: miscellaneous. 
E410. The unquiet grave. 

*E410.3. Murdered child's grave hidden in stable, uncovered by rooting 

pig. Talavera 1.24.117. 
E411. Saint asks if head is of a Christian or of a pagan. Severed head's 

soul in hell. Cannot rest, a.b.c. 435; Especulo 330.231-32; Tubach 

3111. 
E41 1 .0.2. 1 . Man stole houses and orchard dedicated to St. Lawrence and St. 

Ines. St. Lawrence bruised his arm on Judgement Day. Virgin pleads 

for him. Permitted to return to body (bruise is visible) for thirty days 

to do penance and then to die. a.b.c. 129; Especulo 215.147-48. 
*E4 11.0.2.1.1. Man stole from churches. Given chance to return to body 

to do penance. Especulo 216.148. 
E41 1.0.2.2. Unconfessed person cannot rest in grave. Priest who delayed to 

hear confession wept. God grants return for penance. a.b.c. 386; 

Especulo 122.82; Tubach 1188 b) 2. 
*E41 1.0.2.3. Grave of excommunicated person opened, found to be filled 

with foul boiling water. Bishop absolves dead man and body turns to 

dust. Especulo 272.183; Tubach 1924. 
E4 11.0.5.1. Rich man's body dragged from grave by demons and thrown 

into grave in unblessed ground, a.b.c. 398; Especulo 513.405-6; Tu- 
bach 1254. 
E4 11.0.6. Earth rejects body. Unrepentant sinner told earth will not be 

his tomb; he will be eaten by birds and beasts. Prophecy fulfilled. 

Especulo 99.66-67; Tubach 1270. 
*E41 1.0.6.1. Earth rejects buried severed arm of young woman magically 

cursed to dance for a year. Especulo 132.90-91. 
*E41 1.0.9. Sinner buried in church. Voice from grave says, "I am burn- 
ing." Grave opened to find only shroud. a.b.c. 400; Especulo 

514.406; Tubach 1137. 
*E4 11.0.9.1. Priest who had sex with goddaughter dies after seven days. 

Fire rises from grave consuming it totally, a.b.c. 404; Tubach 2037. 
E411.4. Usurer cannot rest in grave. Insists that monks remove body 

from church. Especulo 564.460-61. 
*E4 11.4.1. Usurer tormented in grave rises up and attacks monks who 

had promised to pray for him. a.b.c. 149; Tubach 5031. 
*E4 11.11. Dead knight cannot rest. Had desecrated cemetery attacking 

a man. Asks friend to make amends to hermit he had injured. 

Especulo 213.146-47; Tubach 2944 d). 
*E4 11.12. Dead canon cannot rest because committed sin of vainglory. Asks 

for prayers of other canon. Especulo 295.204; Tubach 1464 e). 
E412. Person under religious ban cannot rest in grave. 

E412.1. Excommunicated person cannot rest in grave. Nuns threatened 

with excommunication leave their grave in church when deacon says 

that all excommunicated ones must leave. Especulo 267.180-81; 

Tubach 1925. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 33 



*E4 12.1.1. Excommunicated suffer even in grave. Their bones are restless. 

Especulo 271.182-83. 
E412.2. Unbaptized person can stay in paradise only if he is baptized. 

Especulo 77.50; cf. Tubach 475. 
*E412.6. Dead man had not completed penance of three years. Friend says 

it for him, and he returns partially each year until he is whole at end. 

Especulo 165.111; Tubach 3660. 
*E412.7. Dead nun cannot rest until penance completed. Abbess and other 

nuns do it and she is released from torment. Especulo 167.112; cf. 

Tubach 3213. 
*E412.8. Dead scholar in hell. Guilty of greed, vainglory and lust. 

Especulo 296.204-5. 
E415. Dead mother cannot rest until son completes her penance. Especulo 

166.111-12; Tubach 3667. 
E415.2. Dead man returns to rebuke relatives because they had not sold 

his horse and given money to poor, a.b.c. 298; Especulo 261.176; 

Tubach 3349. 
*E4 15.2.1. Dead scholar cannot rest imtil friend who has kept his belong- 
ings sells them and gives money to poor. Especulo 162.109-10; Tu- 
bach 3349. 
*E415.2.2. Dead monk cannot rest until brothers give his belongings to 

poor. Especulo 164.110-11; Tubach 3349. 
*E4 15.3.1. Dead cleric returns to rebuke bishop who had not used money 

left him to pay for masses. Especulo 266.178; Tubach 3349. 
E415.4. Dead cannot rest until money debts are paid. Returns weighed 

down with chains. Debts paid, chains will be lifted. Especulo 

264.177-78; cf. Tubach 1499. 
*E4 15.5. Dead cannot rest until stolen goods are returned. Especulo 265. 178. 
E420. Revenants. 

E42 1.1.1. Ghost visible to one person alone. Monk, seated with others, 

alone sees soul of his brother who died at distant place. a.b.c. 25. 
E425.2.3. Revenants as recently dead abbot and monks. Beat cellarer who 

had not distributed alms to poor to honor their deaths. Especulo 

163.112-13. 
E430. Defense against ghosts and the dead. 

*E434.8.2. Sign of cross. Jew in Apollo's temple banishes evil spirits with 

sign of cross. Saves bishop from sin. Is converted. a.b.c. 92; Especulo 

137.96. 
E440. Walking ghost "laid." 

E446.2.1. Ghost laid by burning lock of hair. Devil appears disguised as 

woman's dead son tells her to find holy relic (Virgin Mary's golden 

hair) and to climb a very tall tree for special branches. Her confessor 

tells her to bum hair. Ghost disappears. a.b.c. 424; Tubach 2276. 
E480. Abode of the dead. 

*E481.1.3. Daughter visits mother in hell where she sees mother in 

torment. Chooses not to follow mother's evil ways. Especulo 88.61; 

Tubach 1450. 

34 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*E481 . 1 .4. Daughter visits father in heaven where he disports self happily 

with the saints. Chooses to live good life like her father's. Especulo 

88.61; Tubach 1450. 
E490. Meetings of the dead. 

*E499.5. Dead in cemetery rise up to attack bishop who has removed 

priest who said daily prayers for them. Bishop restores priest. a.h.c. 

297; Especulo 153.106, 155.107; Tubach 2424, 3214. 
*E499.6. Dead in cemetery rise up gratefully to receive holy water and 

prayers offered every Monday by bishop. Especulo 156.107. 
*E499.7. Dead in cemetery give responses to prayer for dead. Especulo 

157.108, 158.109. 
E530. Ghosts of objects. 

E533.2. Self-tolling bells. When saint's soul leaves body, all bells in city 

toll. San Alejo ip.ll. 
E540. IMiscellaneous actions of revenants. 

*E586.0. 1. Dead person's soul returns at moment of death. a.h.c. 26. 
E586.1. Dead return on burial day. Souls seen ascending by travelers at 

sea. a.b.c. 26. 

E600-E699. REINCARNATION 
E630. Reincarnation in object. 

E631.0.2. Flowering tree from grave with "ave" on leaves. Grows from 
tomb as reward. Disinterred, body preserved, roots of tree came from 
cadaver's mouth, a.b.c. 43; Tubach 430. 

E631.0.2.1. Illiterate knight could only learn to read "Ave Maria." 
Flowering plant grew on his grave; on each leaf "Ave Maria" was 
written in gold letters. Root of plant grew from cadaver's mouth. 
a.b.c. 328; Especulo 378.277; Tubach 427. 

E700-E799. THE SOUL 
E720. Soul leaves or enters body. 

*E721 .0. 1 . Man's soul leaves his body. Views four fires representing prin- 
cipal sins of world. Returns to body that is marked by a burn from 
these fires on shoulder and cheek. a.b.c. 308; Tubach 818. 

*E72 1 .0.2. Widow's soul is carried to grave of sinner buried in sacred ground 
as warning against sin. Body is corrupted and malodorous. Especulo 
515.406. 

E72 1.1. Soul leaves body in sleep. Dream is experience of extracorporeal 
sojourn. a.b.c. 142. 

*E721.1.2.6. Soul of monk leaves body to be judged in heaven. Returns, 
tells brothers of judgement and then dies. Especulo 466.369. 

E721.6. On return to body soul crosses on scythe blade (sword blade) as 
bridge. a.b.c. 142. 

*E721.11. Monk vows silence. Muteness enables him to see souls 
departing from dying people. a.b.c. 316. 
E722.1. Form of soul as it leaves body at death. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 35 



E722.1.1. Soul as black or white spirit hovers over coffin, a.b.c. 203; 

Especub 481.378. 
*E722.2.1.2. Soul is invisible as it leaves the body of a firiar. a.b.c. 24. 
*E722.2.13. Soul heard to speak as it departs. Reproaches person and 

promises tonnent in hell. Especulo 104.69. 
*E722.2.14. Soul of poor man taken by Jesus Christ. He is promised com- 
fort in heaven. Especulo 447.343. 
*E722.3.4. Monk sees soul of brother at moment of brother's death in a 

distant city, a.b.c. 25; Tubach 4551. 
*E722.3.5. Men at sea saw soul on way to heaven. Later learned it was 

soul of a pious man who had died at that moment. a.b.c. 26; Tubach 

4551. 
E723.6. Appearance of his wraith as announcement of person's death. Cleric 

appears to servant on trip for master. Especulo 61.42-43. 
E727. Relation of body to soul. 

E727.1. Debate of body and soul. Crestomatia 2.465-69. 
E728. Evil spirit possesses person. 

E728.1. Bishop expels evil spirit from his calumniator, a.b.c. 157. 
*E728.1.2. Devil cast out of calumniator by prayers of calumniated person. 

a.b.c. 117. 
E730. Soul in animal form. 

E732.1. Soul in form of dove leaves mouth of saintly monk as he dies. 

Ascends to heaven, a.b.c. 27; Tubach 1760, 4551. 
E740. Other forms of the soul. 

E741.1.1.2. Star as sign of birth of hero; supernatural birth of culture 

hero. Alexandre c. 8. 
E750. PerUs of the soul. 

E751. Souls at Judgement Day. The just rewarded by youthful form and 

will be in air with God; imjust will be tormented below. Castigos MS 

A BNM 6559 89.225. 
*E752.1.1.2. Devil disguised as magician acquires man's soul in exchange 

for marriage with beloved. a.b.c. 23; Talavera 1.13.90; Tubach 3566. 
E752.2. Soul carried off by demon (Devil). Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

89.226; Tubach 4548. 
*E752.2.1. Rich man, greedy and avaricious, about to die, asks for one 

night's delay. Devils take soul in morning, a.b.c. 119; Tubach 1050. 
E754. Saved souls. 

E754. 1.3.1. Monk who had denied God is given penance to pass three weeks 

in cave awaiting restoration of soul. Asked three times what he had 

seen. Third time saw soul return. a.b.c. 106. 
E754.1.9. Soul captive in block of ice used to relieve bishop's gout. 

Bishop says thirty masses to free captive soul, a.b.c. 28; Especulo 

151.105; Tubach 2717, 4151. 
E754.1.10. Devil denied soul of monk. Shown switches used to beat him 

to cleanse his soul. Especulo 453.352. 
E754.2. Knight follows Jesus' steps in Jerusalem. Prays on Mt. Olivet that 

his soul follow to heaven. Prayer answered. a.b.c. 434. 

36 MOTIF INDEX OF 



E755. Destination of soul. 

E7 5 5. 2. 1.1. Soul of sinner wrenched from bodies with pitchforks by devil. 

Soul carried ofif to hell; angels come with music to transport souls of 

good people. a.b.c. 293; Especulo 444.341-42; Tubach 4553. 
*E755.2.7.1. Priest's soul seen in hell's torment. Especulo 109.72; Tubach 

2514. 
*E755.2.7.2. Soul of dying man is spied in hell by diabolically possessed 

woman capable of prophecy. He is there because his piety was insin- 
cere. Lucanor Ex. 40. 
E756. Contest over souls. 

E756.1. Angels and devils ready to fight for good abbot's soul, a.b.c. 30; 

Tubach 237. 
E756.4.1. Soul of gambler won by saint in dice game. Dice miraculously 

split to make higher score for saint, a.b.c. 252; Tubach 2239. 
*E756.4.2. Saint regains pact youth signed with devil. Soul restored. a.b.c. 

23; Talavera 1.13.90; Tubach 3572. 
E760. Life index. 

*E765.4.3.2. Abbot and pupil will die at same moment. Death predicted 

by image of Infant Jesus. Cantigas 353; Tubach 1475 b) 1. 
E783. Vital head. 

*E783.9. Severed head rejoins body. Virgin Mary protects man whose 

head had been severed by thieves. Cantigas 96. 



F. MARVELS 



F0-F199. OTHERWORLD JOURNEYS 
FIO. Journey to upper world. 

Fl 1.1. Abbot in coma for three days. In heaven being judged, dies happy. 

a.b.c. 303 (not in Paris MS). 
Fl 1.3. Simple man journeys to heaven and learns names of those who will 
die from pestilence; proof: returns able to speak foreign tongues. 
a.b.c. 383. 
F81. Descent to lower world of dead. 

*F88. Monk travels to hell to see those in torment. Sees a monk whose sin 
was daily drunkenness who hopes for deliverance because he had lit 
a lamp before St. Nicholas's altar every day. Especulo 196.137. 
FllO— F199. Miscellaneous otherworlds. 

F129.4. Journey to otherworld island. Hero in oarless boat lands on shore 
of otherworld where doors open magically to him. Qifar p. 133. 
F160. Nature of otherworld. 

F 174.2. Hero welcomed to otherworld by beautiful women who bring him a 
palfrey to ride to the court of their empress. Qifar p. 133. 
F185. Otherworld queen. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 37 



F185. Otherworld queen gifted with second sight but cannot foretell future. 
^ifarp. 133. 

F200-F699. 2VIARVELOUS CREATURES 
F302. Fairy mistress. 

F302.3.2. Fairy (demon) offers gifts to man to be her lover. She offers a 
magic hound, a hawk, and a horse. Qifar pp. 134-36. 
F305. OfiFspring of fairy and mortal. 

*F305.4. Child of fairy and mortal bom seven days after conception. 
Reaches maturity in seven days. Qifar p. 68. 
F310. Fairies and human children. 

F312.1. Supernatural beings bestow gifts at birth of hero. Sword and shield 
made by Vulcan; belt and sheath made by Philosophy; two good 
fairies give magical shirt that is protection from drunkenness and 
lust; other fairies give magic tunic that is protection from disloyalty, 
cold and heat; cloak that is protection from fear and sloth. Alexandre 
cc. 89-103. 
F370. Visits to fairyland. 

F377.1. Supernatural lapse of time in paradise. Knight, in French court, 
awakes after three years believes it was only three days, a.b.c. 181; 
Especulo 291.201-2. 
*F377.1.1. Supernatural lapse of time in paradise. Cleric granted wish to 
follow bird to paradise, spends three himdred years. Returns to 
monastery. Cantigas 103; a.b.c. 181; Especulo 290.201; Tubach 3378. 
F400-F499. Spirits and demons. 
F420. Water spirits. 

F420.5.1.7.4. Water spirit returns silver axe to woodchopper in place of 
the one he has lost. Esopete p. 112. 
F460. Mountain spirits. 

F460.1.2. Mountain woman has breasts so long she folds them at her 
waist (throws them over her shoulder). LB A c. 1019. 
F470. Night spirits. 

*F471.2.0.2. Holy man gives woman a token to free her from incubus. 
a.b.c. 116. 
F480. House spirits. 

F480.2. Serpent as house spirit whose presence guarantees prosperity. 
Esopete p. 52; Tubach 4251. 
F500-F599. Remarkable persons. 
F510. Monstrous persons. 

F5 1 1 .0.2. 1 . Two-headed person. Baby bom with two heads each one fac- 
ing the other; two bodies joined at chest (conjoined twins). Esopete 
p. 166. 
F560. Unusual manner of life. 
F565. Women warriors or hunters. 

F565.1. Amazons. Women warriors create own kingdom (Marsepia & 
Lampedon). Abreviada 1.467; Ilustres mujeres 1 1. 17 r-18ryjardin 249; 
cf. Tubach 92. 

38 MOTIF INDEX OF 



F565. 1. 2. All male children killed by Amazons or given to fathers (Marsepia 

& Lampedon). Ahreviada 1.467; Ilustres mujeres 11.17r-18r. 
F570. Other extraordinary human beings. 

F582. Poison damsels. Woman nourished on poison is fatal to sexual 
partners. Damsel sent to Indian king bit him; he died. Poridat 41; 
Glosa 1.2.34.237; Tubach 3830. 
F591.1. Prince (emperor) who never laughs pimishes any who ask him 

why. (;i/arp. 130; cf. Tubach 4994. 
*F591.3. Holy man who never laughs does so when devil is discomfited 
in church, a.b.c. 382. 
F600-F699. Persons with extraordinary powers. 
F610. Remarkably strong man. 

F628. Strong man as mighty slayer (Samson). Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
22.138 (ADMYTE 80r). 
F640. Extraordinary powers of perception. 

*F642.4. 1 . Remarkable application of logic enables philosopher to say that 
a worm is hidden in stone. Perceived its tmusual warmth. a.b.c. 313; 
Tubach 5391. 
F645. Marvelously wise man. 

F645.3. Remarkable application of logic enables philosopher to say that 
horse had been nurtured by an ass. Does not run like horse but like 
an ass. a.b.c. 313. 

F700-F899 EXTRAORDINARY PLACES AND THINGS 
F715. Extraordinary river. 

*F7 15.7.1. River will punish liars who pass over it. Esopete pp. 100-1. 
F720. Submarine and subterranean world. 

F721 .5. Underwater castle. Knight is carried away by mysterious woman. 

Qifarp. 67. 
F770. Extraordinary buildings. 

F7 7 1.2. 4.1. Indulgent king pleases wife by surrounding palace with lagoons 

filled with rosewater and spices, and sugar and spice wetlands. Lu- 

canor Ex. 30. 
F772.1. Tower of Babel: remarkably tall tower designed to reach sky. Glosa 

3.1.6.35. 
F772.2.6. Flying tower that touches neither the earth nor the sky. Plan: 

boys urge birds to fly by means of meat held out in fi-ont of them. 

Trick: someone must deliver meat to boys. Esopete p. 22. 
F810. Extraordinary trees, plants, fruits, etc. 

*F8 11.2.2.1 Tree whose leaves bear "ave" grows on grave of holy man. 

Disinterred, body is preserved, and roots are growing firom mouth. 

a.b.c. 43; Tubach 430. 
F815.1. Vegetables (plants) mature in miraculously short time. Are 

planted, mature, and give fruit each day anew. Qifar p. 68. 
F841. Extraordinary boat. 

*F841.2.8. Boat without oars. Comes to shore long enough for man to 

get in. (^ifar p. 1 30. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 39 



*F841 .2.9. Boat without oars. Fleeing princess finds a boat supplied with 
food and embarks. Disembarks in a barren place to which all were 
forbidden entry. Ultramar 1.1.47.82. 

F900-F1099. EXTRAORDINARY OCCURRENCES 
F910. Extraordinary swallo wings. 

F912. Victim kills swallower from within. Hydrus (fabulous water serpent) 
enters sleeping crocodile's mouth, bites its heart, and kills it. Gatos 
13; seeTubach 1326. 
F930. Extraordinary occurrences concerning seas or waters. 

F930.1. Book of saint's miracles immersed in water emerges unharmed. 
Santiago p. 45. 
F933. Extraordinary occurrences with springs. 

F933.1.2. Magic spring flows fi-om roots of date palm at command of 
Infant Jesus. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.145-46 (ADMYTE 
927;). 

*F933.1.4. Spring bursts forth in front of altar eight days before death of 
king. PCG 2.964.645. 
F940. Extraordinary underground disappearance. 

*F941 .2.2. 1 . Monastery swallowed by earth for year. At end of year Virgin 
Mary causes it to reappear; all occupants are safe. Cantigas 226. 
F950. Marvelous cures. 

F950.2. Physician prescribes anger to cure patient's paralysis. Titus, 
enraged at servant's indulgent treatment of despised enemy and ser- 
vant's neglectful treatment of him, is cured, a.b.c. 204. 

*F950.4.1. Demonically induced illness to be cured by marriage with cleric. 
Virgin Mary reproaches the bride and groom who both opt for religi- 
ous lives. Cantigas 125. 

F950.7. Marvelous cure. Jesus cures centurion's wife from a distance 
without seeing her. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 86.221. 

*F950.7.1. Cure by holy man effected in absence of patient, a.b.c. 63; Cas- 
tigos MS A BNM 6559 87.221. 

*F950.8.1. Lovesick man cured by marriage with object of his affection. 
Qifarpp. 9-11; Disciplina 2. 
F952. Blindness miraculously cured. 

*F952.0.3. Saint whose sight was restored miraculously prays that God re- 
store his blindness. Will see angels without interference of worldly 
sight. Especulo 319.224. 
F954. Muteness miraculously cured. 

F954.5. Mute person speaks. Mute son cries out to warn father of dan- 
ger. a.b.c. 173; Glosa 2.2.4.133. 
F959. Marvelous cures: miscellaneous. 

*F959.6.3. Virgin Mary cures youth's madness induced by drinking poison 
intended to harm his benefactor. Cantigas 334. 
F960. Extraordinary natural phenomena: elements and weather. 

*F960.1.2. Extraordinary natural phenomena at birth of hero. Sun dark- 



40 MOTIF INDEX OF 



enedj sea turbulentj earth trembling, hailstorms, anomalous births. 

Alexandre cc. 8-11. 
F963.2. Extraordinary wind blows arrows shot against Christians back 

against enemy. PCG 2.568.323; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 10.108; 

Abreviada 2.115; Tubach 349, 4773. 
*F968.1.1. Lightning bolt kills false accuser of saintly person. a.b.c. 15, 

172; Tubach 3046. 
*F968.1.2. Lightning bolt cleaves blasphemer in two. a.b.c. 324; Tubach 

680. 
FIOIO. Other extraordinary events. 

F 102 1.5. Scoffing woman challenges Virgin Mary who transports her 

through air to shrine leaving her prostrate before altar. Cantigas 153. 
F 104 1.8. 2. Madness from grief. Mother is cured of madness by Virgin 

Mary after death of young son. Cantigas 331. 
FlOSl. Prodigious weeping. 

F 105 1.1. Barrel filled miraculously with penitent's tears. Sinner vmable to 

repent given task to fill barrel. Not able to fill it, returns and sheds a 

tear. Especulo 117.77-78. 
*F 105 1.1.1. Tears of remorse wash away stain of sin marked on man's 

palm. Man swore allegiance to devil by placing thxmib on palm of 

other hand. Left indelible mark. Especulo 119.78. 
F1066. Arrow shot at heaven angrily returns bloody. Gambler, angry over 

losses, blasphemously shoots at God and Virgin Mary. a.b.c. 36, 236; 

Cantigas 154; Tubach 324. 
F1066.1. Blasphemer plunges knife in ground lo show how he would treat 

Virgin Mary's womb. Knife comes out bloody. a.b.c. 54; Tubach 

2937. 
Fl 068.2. Wound received in dream. Still there when person wakes. God 

punished one who provoked another to perjure self. Glosa 

3.2.23.213. 
F1097. Virgin Mary keeps Moorish and Christian armies fi-om seeing one 

another. Next day they make peace and retire to own territories. 

Cantigas 344. 



G. OGRES 



G10-G399. KINDS OF OGRES 

G10-G99. Cannibals and cannibalism. 

G50. Occasional cannibalism. 

G60. Human flesh eaten unwittingly. 

G61. Relative's flesh eaten unwittingly. Flesh of courtier's children served 
to him by cruel king. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13.1 18 (ADMYTE 
52t;). 
G70. Occasional cannibalism: deliberate. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 41 



*G72.2.1. During siege of Jerusalem^ starving mother eats own child. 
Castigos 5.55; PCG 1.135; Tubach 1851. 

G72.2.2. Siege of Antioch. Starving army rabble eats corpses of enemy 
dead. UZframar II.2. 150.222. 
G300-G399. Other ogres. 
G303. DevU (The Devil, Satan). 
G303.3. Forms in which devil appears. 

G303.3.0.1. Devil in hideous form. Man who saw devil would rather 
bum in an oven than see him again. Especulo 189.130. 

*G303.3.0.2. Devils appear in hideous form, hairy bodies, huge teeth, ter- 
rible eyes, sulfurous flames from nostrils. Especulo 190.130-31. 
G303.3.1. Devil in human form. 

*G303.3. 1 .3. Devil as a distinguished-looking knight consoles an impover- 
ished man. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 83.216. 

G303.3.1.3.1. Devil as a raffish traveler (ribaldo) makes offer for man's 
soul. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 89.225. 

G303.3. 1 .12.2. Devil as beautiful woman tries to seduce bishop (hermit). 
a.b.c. 388; Especulo 179.121-23; Castigos ?,1A11-I^y Tubach 214. 

G303.3.1.12.2.1. Devil as beautiful young woman seduces man. She 
offers him a himting dog that can catch any beast, a hawk that can 
capture any prey, and a horse that is faster than the wind. He must 
ask his wife the empress for the dog, for the hawk, for the horse. 
(^ifarpp. 134-36. 

G3 03. 3. 1.1 2. 3. Devil as young woman whom celibate had known in his 
youth torments him. a.b.c. 411; Tubach 1535. 

*G303.1.12.3.1. Devil comes to hermit's cave inform of distressed woman. 
He feeds, shelters and clothes her. When he reaches for her she dis- 
appears and devil materializes. Castigos 37.177-78. 

G303.3.1.12.4. Devil as old woman tries to seduce monk from cloister. 
a.b.c. 115; Tubach 1553. 

G303.3.1.15. Devil appears as Jew to entice cleric to deny his belief. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.215; a.b.c. 261; Milagros 24; Cantigas 3. 

G303.3.1.16. Devil appears as recently deceased son to tempt mother to 
risk her life, a.b.c. 424. 

G303.1.17. Devils appear inform, of neighboring people who had come to 
dine. a.b.c. 112; Tubach 1648. 

*G303.3.1.26. Devil as magician. Learned magic arts as prisoner of 
Moors. Especulo 147.100. 

*G303.3. 1 .27. Devil as magician. Promised wealth and worldly honor to 
youth. Especulo 149.101-2. 

*G303.3.1.28. Devil as pilgrim. Advocates life of secular social respon- 
sibility in world over spiritual asceticism. San Alejo pp. 104-6. 

*G303.3.1.29. Devil as black man accompanied by herd of boars men- 
aces monk. Virgin Mary chases them away. Cantigas 83; cf. Tubach 
2461. 

*G303.3.1.30. Devil as priest who can predict the future. Accuses 
woman of incest. Is vanquished by her protector, the Virgin Mary. 

42 MOTIF INDEX OF 



a.b.c. 21 A. 
*G303.3.1.31. Devil as Moorish customer in brothel. Exchanges blows 

with monk-reformer, a.b.c. 229. 
G303.3.2. The devil in superhuman form. 

G303.3.2. 1 . Devil appears as Christ. Saint recognizes the imposture. Cas- 

tigos 1.37; MS A BNM 65591.1.88 (ADMYTE 3r)\ Tubach 1536. 
G303.3.2.2. Devil appears as angel. Tells abbot to revise order's rules. 

a.b.c. 4; Tubach 19. 
*G303.3.2.6. Devil appears as angel. Tells monk to fast for eight or nine 

days, a.b.c. 4; Especulo 1 .6-1; Tubach 1529. 
G303.3.3. Devil in animal form. 

G303.3.3.1.4. DevU inform of bull. Appears to drunken cleric. Milagros 

20; Tubach 1812. 
G303.3.3.2.7. Devil inform of monkey. Tells archbishop that money in 

his chest belongs to devil. Especulo 59.42. 
*G303.3.3.2.11. Devil in form of spider bites over-adorned woman. 

Abbot brings Host to banish it. Especulo 429.325. 
G303.3.5. Devil changes shape. 

*G303.3.5.4. Devil sequentially inform of bull, hairy savage man, and then 

lion menaces monk. Monk flees to church and Virgin Mary saves 

him. Cantigas 47; Tubach 1812. 
*G303.3.5.5. Devil appears sequentially as lion, bear, serpent, griffin, 

basilisk to frighten man. Barlaam p. 328. 
G303.4. The devil's physical characteristics. 

G303.4.8.1. Devil has putrid odor because of sins. Exists only to trap 

souls of sinners. Especulo 451.349. 
G303.6. Circumstances of devil's appearance. 

*G303.6.1.8. Demon laughs when sees another clutch at a woman's skirt. 

She lifts skirt and demon falls in mud. a.b.c. 407; Especulo 426.324- 

25; Tubach 1660. 
G303.6.2.8. Devil appears to dying man who rebukes him. Especulo 

181.123.24. 
*G303.6.2.8.1. Devil appears to dying man who pleads for more time. 

Dies trying to evade devils. Especub 188.130. 
G303.9. Deeds of the devil. 

*G303.9.4.3. 1 . Devil gets ring from faithfid wife by trickery. Tells husband 

it was reward for having sex with her. San Alejo p. 106. 
G303.9.4.4. Devil persuades bishop and nun to sin. a.b.c. 92; Tubach 

1436. 
*G303.9.4.8.1. Devil demands that bishop deny Christ and Mary and to 

renoimce Christianity in exchange for ecclesiastical post, a.b.c. 261. 
*G303.9.4.8.2. Devil makes man his vassal; must deny Jesus and the 

Virgin Mary to gain worldly success. Cantigas 281. 
*G303.9.4.8.11. Devil tempts youth to deny Christ. Youth flees making 

sign of cross. Especulo 149.101-2. 
*G303.9.4.1 1. Devil inform ofvictualer. Tempts monks. Only one takes 

food from him. a.b.c. Ill; Tubach 210. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 43 



*G303.9.4. 1 2. Devil poses as pagan god. Monk must deny Christianity to 

win woman. Loses soul, a.b.c. 106. 
G303.10. Allies and possessions of the devil. 

G303.10.5. Where the devil can't reach, he sends an old woman. False old 

woman convinces husband to kill wife. a.b.c. 370 (not in Paris MS); 

Lucanor Ex. 42; Esopete pp. 149-50; Tubach 5361. 
*G303. 10.20. Snake is messenger of devil. Sent to tempt Eve. Estados 

1.39. 
G303.15. Places haunted by the devil. 

G303.15.3. Devils haunts a house. Cleric's servant protected; made sign 

of cross on all sides of house. Especulo 61.42-43; a.b.c. 240. 
G303.16. How the devil's power may be escaped or avoided. 

G303.16.1. Wife pledged to devil. Virgin Mary substitutes self for a 

woman whose husband had pledged her to the devil. a.b.c. 268; 

Especulo 374.274-75; Tubach 5283. 
*G303.16.1.1. Demons cause monk and knight's wife to run off with mon- 
astery's funds and husband's fortune. Arrested, Virgin Mary saves them 

and orders demons to take their shape and place in prison. Especulo 

372.272-74; Tubach 3370. 
*G303.16.1.2. Cleric can escape devil's power if he takes portion of his 

hoarded treasure and gives it to poor. Fails, demons guard treasure. 

Especulo 61.42-43; cf. Tubach 4948. 
*G303.16.1.3. Disorderly monks threatened by devils call out to Virgin 

Mary. Devils spare them. Especulo 526.412-13. 
*G303.16.1.4. Devil defeated by saint's ability to answer riddle. a.b.c. 388; 

Tubach 214. 
G303.16.2. Devil's power avoided by prayer. 

*G303.16.2.1.2. Devil's power avoided by prayer. Monk who was temp- 
ted by devil-victualer's spices, prays and saves self. a.b.c. Ill; Espe- 
culo 420.319; Tubach 210. 
G303. 16.2.3.4. Nun eating unblessed lettuce eats demon. Is possessed. 

a.b.c. 93; Especulo 139. 96-91 \ Tubach 3503. 
*G303. 16.2.3.6. Devil's power avoided by prayer. Simple friar's prayers 

will protect him from demons even though the words confound him. 

Especulo 419.318-19; Tubach 1594. 
*G303. 16.2.3.7. Monk's prayers deter demonic messenger. Devil cannot 

pass spot where monk prays for fifteen days. Especulo 422.320; 

Tubach 3276. 
*G303. 16.2.3.8. Bishop's prayer banishes devil who had posed as good 

man's servant. Cantigas 67. 
G303.16.3. Devil's power avoided by the cross. 

*G303. 16.3.4.1. Sign of cross. Jew vanquishes devil by making sign of 

the cross. Saves saint from sin. a.b.c. 92; Especulo 137.96. 
G303.16.5. Administering sacrament destroys devil's power. 

*G303. 16.5.3. Devil vanquished when priest passes by carrying the Host. 

a.b.c. 432; Tubach 1602. 
*G303. 16.5.4. Devil inform of incubus exorcised. a.b.c. 116. 

44 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*G303. 16.5.5. Devil vanquished when paralyzed man calls upon Jesus in 
his heart. Remembers his passion. Especulo 442.336-37. 

*G303. 16.8.1. Demons leave at mention of Jesus's name. Especulo 
409.306. 

*G303. 16.8.2. Demons seek place where Jesus's name is unknown. Dwell 
in pagan idols. Especulo 410.306. 

*G303. 16.8.3. Demons leave man's body at command of Virgin Mary. 
Cantigas 109; Tubach 3449. 

*G303. 16.8.4. Monks who had left monastery protect selves from devils 
by calling upon Virgin Mary. Return to monastery grateful for deliv- 
erance. Cantigas 254. 

G303.16.9. Devil impotent because of confession of wife's lover who is 
absolved. Devil tells husband that wife committed adultery, but he 
cannot remember with whom, a.b.c. 354; Tubach 1508. 
G303.16.il. Various holy persons save one from devil. 

G303.16.11.5. Saint disputes devil. Devil is superior because he never 
eats nor sleeps. Saint sleeps, eats, but has humility; devil has none. 
Especulo 308.218. 

G303.16.15. Holy man frees demonically possessed man. Devil slaps holy 
man on cheek, and holy man turns other cheek. Devil defeated by 
his humility. Especulo 309.218-19, 433.330. 

*G303.16.15.1. Devil is denied soul when monk does penance for three 
weeks in cave. Soul returns, a.b.c. 106. 

*G303. 16. 15.2. Holy man chases devil away with noise made from shak- 
ing tear-stained object worn around neck. Especulo 349.248. 
G303.16.19. Miscellaneous ways in which devil may be escaped or 

his power destroyed. 

*G303. 16. 19.21. DevU asks saint for apple, but is unable to utter word 
"caridad" in request. Receives apple; it bums his hand, and he flees. 
Especulo 85.57. 
G303.24. The devil in church. 

G303.24. 1.3. In church, devil writes names of people who misbehave. Holy 
man laughs when he sees that he has run out of room to list them. 
a.b.c. 382; Especulo 180.123; Tubach 1630. 

*G303. 24. 1.4.1. Devil unable to record names of aU who misbehave in 
church; frustrated, potmds on wall; disappears. a.b.c. 382. Tubach 
1630. 

G303.24. 1.7. Devil writes down names of those who sleep in church. a.b.c. 
382. 

*G303.24.1.10. Holy man permitted to pray for three days in church. Man 
possessed by devil attacks him. Holy man throws devil out of church 
and out of man's body, a.b.c. 291. 
G303.25. Miscellaneous devil motifs. 

*G303.25.3.1. Devils prefer to be in monastery where sinners resut them 
strongly (where they are needed) rather than in the world where sin- 
ners are weak, a.b.c. 412; Especulo 182.124; Tubach 3329. 

*G303.25.3.2. Single devil suffices for dwelling of usurers. Many devils 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 45 



necessary in monastery where monks are harder to catch. Especulo 
566.461. 

*G303.25.3.3. Devil in monastery prevails in choir (lateness, early depar- 
ture), dormitory (oversleep, think evil thoughts), refectory (overeat, 
excessive fasting). Cannot enter chapter. Especulo 184.125-26. 

*G303.25.3.4. Devils in monastery stop up ears of those who sleep dur- 
ing prayers, open the mouths of those who yawn, and sit astride 
those who do not resist them. Especulo 421.319-20. 

*G303.25.20. Before dying, fortune teller (witch) tells children to take 
precautions to protect grave from devils. Devils break through and 
capture her soul and carry her off screaming, seated on black horse 
with great iron hooks on its back. Especulo 527.415-16. 

G400-G499. FALLING INTO OGRE'S POWER 
G400. Person falls into ogre's (devil's) power. 

G405. Man on hunt falls into she-devil's power. SendebarDay 3, Tale 6. 



H. TESTS 



H0-H199. IDENTITY TESTS: RECOGNITION 

HIO. Recognition by common knowledge. 

HI 1.1. Recognition by telling life story. Dead saint's account of life causes 

parents to recognize him. San Alejo p. 79. 
*H 11.1.5.1. Recognition by hearing lament. Captive in brothel cries out 

about her lost parents. Father recognizes her. Apolonio cc. 530-40. 
*H 11.1.5.2. Hero recounts events of life. Long-lost wife recognizes him. 

Apolonio cc. 585-89. 
*H. 11.1.5.3. Sons recount separation from family. Parents recognize them. 
Qifar pp. 55-56. 
H50. Recognition by bodily marks or physical attributes. 

H51.2. Recognition by joined toes. Imposture uncovered. Abandoned 
princess recognized. Ultramar 1.2.43.570. 
H71. Marks of royalty. 

*H71.10.8. Wild horse bows before prince. Alexandre c. 117; Tubach 96. 
H84. Tokens of exploits. 

*H84.5. Ring taken as proof of woman's infidelity. San Alejo p. 112. 
H94. Identification by ring. 

H94.0.1. Recognition of wife's ring in friend's possession informs husband 

of her unfaithfulness. Especulo 125.83. 
H94.5. Identification through broken ring. Son uses half-ring given to 
mother to identify self to father and stepmother. PCG 743.441-42, 
751.446^8; Abreviada 2.295. 
H105. Parts of bodies as tokens of slaying. 

*H 105.8. Severed head of enemy proof of slaying. Knight presents 

46 MOTIF INDEX OF 



severed head to emperor. Ultramar 1.1.80.158. 
H119. Identification by cloth or clothing: miscellaneous. 

*H 119.3. Bishop does not recognize impoverished mother when she wears 
borrowed finery. She returns wearing humble garments, and he 
recognizes her. Especulo 441.334-35; Tubach 3420. 
H150. Circumstances of recognition. 

HI 5 1.4. Recognition by cup in sack: alleged stolen goods. Cup is placed 
in the sack of Joseph's brethren (Aesop, pilgrim); they are (he is) 
accused of theft. This gives cause for recognition. Esopete p. 23; a.b.c. 
38; cf Tubach 3796. 

*H 15 1.1 1.1. Recognition. Son identifies self to his parents after he has 
defended mother in judicial combat to save her from execution for 
adultery. Ultramar 1. 1 .64. 1 1 2-1 3. 
H171. Animal (object) indicates election of ruler. 

*H 17 1.0.1. One who shoots arrow that kills four birds at once will be king. 
UZrramar 1.1.166.326. 

*H 175.6. Horse is recognized as having been raised by ass because of gait. 
Sultan is recognized as son of a baker because his reward to philoso- 
pher is loaves of bread, a.b.c. 313; Tubach 2611. 

H200-H299. TESTS OF TRUTH 
H210. Test of guilt or innocence. 

H215. Magic manifestation at execution proves innocence. Executioner 
unable to kill innocent woman. a.b.c. 14; Tubach 4697. 
H218. Trial by combat. 

H2 18.0.1. Vindication by champion. Woman accused of adultery saved 
by knight who fights accuser. Lucanor Ex. 44; Ultramar 1.1.68.120. 

H218.0.1.1. Vindication by champion. Noble women robbed of lands. 
Need champion in judicial combat. Ultramar 1.1.70-80.123-57, 
1.1.80.157-60. 

H2 18.0.2. Long-lost son is champion in judicial combat of mother 
accused of adultery. Saves her. Ultramar 1.1.64.111-12, 
H220. Ordeals. Guilt or innocence thus established. 

H221.2. Ordeal by red-hot iron. Saint made to walk on heated iron bars 
to prove her chastity. Especulo 94.64; Tubach 3109. 

*H221.2.3. Ordeal by red-hot iron. Adulterous woman confessed and 
could handle hot iron bar without pain. Sinned again, was burned by 
cold iron bar as she put it in fire. Especulo 493.389; Tubach 59. 

H221.3. Ordeal by burning oil. St. John not burned by boiling oil. Espe- 
culo 95.64. 

*H221 .6. Falsely accused wife proved innocent when she survives burning 
at stake. Had prayed to Virgin Mary. Perjured lover bums to death. 
Cantigas 185. 
H240. Other tests of truth. 

*H242.2. Scourge marks on body prove that God had appeared in dream. 
a.b.c. 65. 
H251. Test of truth by magic object. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 47 



H251.3.4. Stick with money in it breaks and betrays thief, who swears his 
innocence, a.b.c. 234; Especulo 459.358; Tubach 3352. 
H252. Act of truth. 

*H252.7. Act of truth: hemorrhage stopped. Is test of truth that priest's 
concubine is a demonic beast. Especulo 115.74-75. 
H253. Oaths before gods as test of truth. 

*H253.1. Bishop accused of simony must swear innocence in name of 
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Proved guilty; cannot utter "Holy 
Spirit." Especulo 465.368-69. 

H300-H499. MARRIAGE TESTS 

H301. Excessive demands to prevent marriage. Here St. Catherine de- 
mands perfection in prospective husbands. At last she receives Jesus. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 81.214; Tubach 899. 
H400-H459. Chastity tests. 
H412. Chastity test by ordeal. 

*H4 12.7.3. Chastity ordeal: jumping. Wife leaps from high place to prove 
chastity. Protected by Virgin Mary, she is unharmed. Cantigas 341. 
H430. Chastity index. 

H439.1.1. Painting on wife's stomach as chastity index. Husband paints 
lamb on stomach before leaving on trip. Stays away years; returns to 
find ram portrayed (painted by lover in his absence). Wife retorts: 
lamb had matured with the years. LBA cc. 474-85. 
H460. Wife tests. 
H473. Test of wife's obedience. 

H473.2. Test of wife's obedience: the one command. Upon wife's insistence 
that he test her by giving her one command, husband tells her not to 
go into the oven. She does and oven collapses on her. a.b.c. 307; cf. 
Tubach 5278. 
*H473.3.1. Test of wife's obedience. Husband, knowing his wife is in- 
clined to be contrary, leaves her two vmguents; warns her not to 
apply poisonous one but to use other one. She disobeys and dies. Lu- 
canor Ex. 27; cf. Tubach 5278. 
*H474.1. Husband proves wife's total obedience. She agrees with all his 
absurd statements: direction of a river's flow, identifying cows as 
mares. Lucanor Ex. 27. 
H479. Wife tests: miscellaneous. 

*H479.3. Husband puts wife's chastity to test. Has men offer her gifts. 
She finally succumbs to promise of jewels. Rustres mujeres 26.33v-A3v 
(Prochris); cf. Tubach 5194. 
H480. Father tests. 

H486.2. Test of paternity: shooting at father's corpse. Youngest of sup- 
posed sons refuses to shoot and is judged the only genuine son of 
dead emperor. a.b.c. 174; Tubach 1272. 
H490. Other marriage tests. 
H491. Test of mother's and father's love for children. 

*H491.2. Fathers carry children on head to save them from flood, even 

48 MOTIF INDEX OF 



dying. Mothers stepped over and on children trying to escape to safe- 
ty. Castigos 5.55. 

H500-H899. TESTS OF CLEVERNESS 
H510. Tests in guessing. 

*H5 11.1.3. Wrong choice. Two royal wives must choose between a gift 

of a crown or of splendid clothes. Favorite chooses crown and is 

berated. Calila p. 280; Exemplario 70r. 
H530-H599. Riddles. 
H540. Propounding riddles. 

H540.3. King propounds riddle. Suitor for princess's hand will lose head 

if he cannot answer. Apolonio c. 15; cf. Tubach 4098. 
H543.1. Devil held off from person by answering his riddles. St. Andrew, 

the bishop, and the devil. Devil, in form of beautiful woman, visits 

bishop. St. Andrew appears as pilgrim, answers devil's questions, and 

defeats devil. a.b.c. 388; Tubach 214. 
*H548.2. King poses riddle to rival monarch. Solver to get tribute or pay 

tribute for failure. Esopete p. 20 
*H548.2.1 Calendar riddle. Esopete pp. 22-23. 
*H548.2.2. River-and-fish riddle. Apolonio cc. 505-6. 
*H548.2.3. Reed-grass-and-paper riddle. Apolonio cc. 507-8. 
*H548.2,4. Boats-and-water riddle. Apoloni cc. 509-10. 
*H548.2.5. Bathhouse-and-bather riddle. Apolonio cc. 511-12. 
*H548.2.6. Anchor riddle. Apolonio cc. 513-14. 
*H548.2.7. Mirror riddle. Apolonio cc. 520-21. 
*H548.2.8. Four-wheels-of-cart riddle. Apolonio cc. 522-23. 
*H548.3. Clever slave bests rivals in slave market with riddling responses. 

Esopete pp. 6-7. 
*H548.4. Riddles as test of wit. Prince poses riddles to youth at court. 

Youth confounds prince. Epitus pp. 26-29. 
*H548.5. Riddles as test of wit. Slave woman (Teodor) answers riddles 

propounded by king and sages. Confounds them all. Teodor pp. 105- 

34. 
*H548.6. Customer and entertainer in brothel exchange riddles. Apolonio cc. 

505-23. 
H561. Solvers of riddles. 

H561.5. King and clever minister. King propounds riddles and questions 

to his clever minister. Esopete pp. 22-23. 
*H56 1.5.1. Clever minister gives enigmatic answer in riddle form to king's 

request that he describe court. Esopete p. 23. 
*H561.11. Servant saves master from mob. Master's advice solves riddle 

who will first see sun at daybreak. First light of day appears in 

western sky. Mob pardons master and makes him king. a.b.c. 401. 
H565. Riddle propounded from chance experience. Arrival of imknown 

person in strange land. Apolonio cc. 518-19. 
*H566. Clever slave woman answers series of riddles based on knowledge 

of biblical, theological, and classical truths. Teodor 125-29. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 49 



H570. Means of solving riddles. 

H572. Reductio ad absurdum of riddle: stallions of Babylon. Why is my 
mare resdess when stallions of Babylon neigh? Hero beats cat for 
having strangled a cock last night in Babylon (impossible distance 
away). Esopete p. 22. 
H580. Enigmatic statements. 

H588.7. Father's counsel: find treas^a^e within a foot of the groimd. 
(Sons dig everywhere and thus loosen soil of vineyard which becomes 
fruitful.) Esopete pp. 113-14. 

*H594.4. Enigmatic responses to queries concerning place of origin and 
birth. Esopete p. 6; Epitus 26-29. 
H600. Symbolic interpretations. 

H604. Symbolic meaning of spiced and bitter tongue served at dinner. a.b.c. 
248; Esopete pp. 12-13; Tubach 4898, 4916. 

H605. Angel teaches through parable that work is prayer. Shown man 
who twists rope and prays, a.b.c. 7, 333; Tubach 275. 

*H605.1. Physician gives king symbolic prescription for salvation. Qifar p. 
75. 

H606. Symbolic interpretation of sin. Priest drags heavy sack of sand 
behind him to show how men are hindered by sin. a.b.c. 1; Tubach 
4413. 

*H606.1. Symbolic interpretation of sin. Pilgrim carries heavy iron staff 
penitentially. Freed of burden at end of pilgrimage. Cantigas 253. 
H607. Discussion by symbols. 

H607.1. Disputation between Greeks and Romans. Greek shows one fin- 
ger, open palm; Roman shows three fingers and clenched fist. Greek 
thinks gestures mean monotheism, Trinity, divine power; Roman 
sees them as menacing physical gestvires. LBA cc. 46-63; Tubach 
2275. 
H617. Symbolic interpretation of dreams. 

*H617.1. Duke dreams of being in a magic forest, attacked by four lions, 
three fierce bears, and two flying dragons followed by ferocious dogs. 
Wife interprets it as a warning that his enemies were coming to 
attack him. Ultramar 1.1.112.231-32. 

*H617.2. Countess (pregnant) dreamt of a griffin and two eagles who 
cleared temple in Jerusalem of rats, bats, and owls that had nested 
on altars. Placed on a throne by them, a grififin pecks out her heart 
and entrails and encircles the city with them. Interpreted: her lineage 
will be honored in holy land. Ultramar 1.1.144.290-91. 
H630. Riddles of the superlative. 

H631.5. What is strongest? Truth. Royal handmaidens debate relative 
power of kings, of wine, of women, and of truth. King judges debate 
and chooses truth. Castigos 33.157-58. 

*H63 1.5.1. What is strongest? Debate among wind, water, and truth. 
Truth wins. Qifar p. 136. 

H642.2. What is highest? The empyrean heavens. a.b.c. 338; Tubach 
214. 



50 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*H648.3, What is best thing God has done? The diversity and nobility of 

human visages. a.b.c. 338; Especulo 179.121-23; Tubach 214. 
H659. Riddles of the superlative: miscellaneous. 
*H659.7.3. What is greatest good? Charity, a.b.c. 96. 
*H659.7.3.1. Woman poses riddle to king who desires her. She will be his 

if he answers correctly. What is the best character trait? Conscience 

(shame). Lucanor Ex. 50; Tubach 954. 
H659.7.4. What is the greatest villainy? Stealing. a.b.c. 96. 
H659.19. What is easiest to lose and impossible to recover? Truth. Qifar 

p. 136. 
*H659.27. What is strongest? Rat-maiden wants most powerful mate of 

all. Sun covered by clouds; clouds controlled by winds; mountain 

blocks winds; mountain gnawed by rodents, therefore she must 

marry a rat. Calila p. 244; Exemplario 58r;; Tubach 3428. 
*H659.28. What ages man most rapidly? Sleeping with many women. 

Teodor 116. 
*H659.29. What is heaviest thing in world? Obligation. Teodor 123. 
*H659.30. What is sharpest thing in world? Tongue of men and of 

women. Teodor 123. 
*H659.31. What is faster than arrow inflight? Thoughts. Teodor 123. 
*H659.32. What is faster and more burning than fire? Human heart: 

Teodor 123. Angry man's heart: Teodor 129. 
*H659.33. What is sweeter than honey? Parental love: Teodor 123. Profit: 

Teodor 129. 
*H659.34. What is bitterer than bile? Bad children. Teodor 123. 
*H659.35. What is the most incurable of illnesses? Foolish, shameless 

daughter: Teodor 123. Madness: Teodor 129. 
*H659.36. What is harder than steel? Truth. Teodor 124. 
*H659.37. What is best and worst thing in world? Words. Teodor 129. 
H680. Riddles of distance. 
H682. Riddles of heavenly distance. 

H682.1.10. How far from earth to heaven? The devil knows for he has 

fallen this distance. a.b.c. 338; Especulo 179.121-23; Tubach 214. 
*H682.1.11. Where is earth higher than the heavens? In the Empyrean, 

where Jesus was raised from earth, a.b.c. 388; Especulo 179.121-23. 
H690. Riddles of measure. 

H696.1.1. How much water is in the sea? Stop all the rivers, and I will 

measure it. Esopete p. 15; Sendebar Day 8; cf. Tubach 4028. 

H900-H1199. TESTS OF PROWESS: TASKS 

H900-H999. Assignment and performance of tasks. 
H910. Assignment of tasks in response to suggestion. 

H919.4. Impossible task assigned by aggrieved person. One-eyed man de- 
mands eye firom man accused of having deprived him of his. Must 
remove remaining eye to see if it matches one removed by adversary. 
Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22. 
H920. Assigners of tasks. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 5 1 



*H927.3. Angel comes to hermit to tell him to send young man to defend 
his mother in judicial combat to prevent her execution for adultery. 
Ultramar lA. 63. 108. 
*H927.4. Angel appears to youth assigning him task of being defender of 
widows, orphans and those who have been disinherited. Ultramar 
1.1.63.109. 
*H931.3. Seemingly impossible task assigned to get rid of clever slave: find 
a man without cares. Esopete p. 13. 
H933. Princess sets hero tasks. 

*H933.0.1. Princess assigns three tasks to prospective suitors. She marries 
the fiirst to accomplish them. Abreviada 1.10. 
H950. Task evaded by subterfuge. 

*H951.1. Countertasks. Hold back rivers and streams. Hero will drink 
sea if conditions are met. Esopete p. 15. 
H970. Help in performing tasks. 

*H984. 1.1. Task performed with help of Virgin Mary. Sinner imable to fill 
magic pitcher with water for two years, prays to Virgin Mary. His 
tears finally fill pitcher. Cantigas 155. 
H1000-H1199. Nature of tasks. 

*H 1049.5. Task: Find a man without cares. Esopete p. 13. 
HI 110. Tedious tasks. 

HI 1 1 1 . Task: carrying hundreds of sheep across stream, a.b.c. 156; Discip- 

lina 12; Esopete p. 144; Tubach 4310. 
HI 129.10.1. Impossible task: assembling huge quantity of fleas: many- 
colored, separated according to sexual identity. Sendebar Day 8, Tale 
22. 
HI 130 Superhuman tasks. 

HI 142.3. Task: drinking the seas dry; countertask: stop all the rivers. 
Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22; Esopete p. 15. 

H1200-H1399. TESTS OF PROWESS: QUESTS 
H1210. Quest assigned. 

*H1 2 10.2.1. Quest assigned by king. King sends sage to India in search 

of magic herbs that will resuscitate the dead. Exemplario 5r-5v; Calila 

pp. 99-102. 
H1370. Miscellaneous quests. 
HI 3 76. Spiritual quests. 

HI 376.1. Young prince protected from knowledge of death goes out into 

city and comes upon old man who tells him of its inevitability. Bar- 

laam pp. 42-43; Estados 1.7. 
HI 376.2.1. Spiritual quest. Holy man prays that he be shown face of 

Death; it is a horrific beast with a human voice, a.b.c. 296; Tubach 

5082 b. 

H1400-H1599. OTHER TESTS 
HI 400 Fear test. 

HI 406.1. Fear test. Threat of burning to death innocent person in order 

52 MOTIF INDEX OF 



to frighten another. Esopete pp. 13-14. 
HI 5 10. Tests of power to survive. 

*H151 1.5. Widow proves innocence of dead husband by holding red-hot 
metal, a.h.c. 365; Tubach 1284; cf. Tubach 2759. 

HI 53 1.2. Vain attempt to kill man on stairway set with razors. LBA c. 
267. 
H1550-H1569. Tests of character. 

*H1551. Physiognomist found to have unfavorable traits. Explains that his 
science is true and that he has had to work to overcome the charac- 
teristics his face shows, (^ifar p. 78. 
H1553. Test of patience. 

HI 553.2. Kings and emperors suffer criticism and reproof without display- 
ing anger. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147. 

HI 553.3. Test of patience: those who enter city gates must endure insults 
of old men there who mock them. a.b.c. 214; Tubach 3622. 

HI 553.4. Monk shows patience by enduring blow with stool thrown by 
abbot. a.b.c. 238; Tubach 3619. 

HI 553.5. Test of patience. Monk fails in test of patience. Tries to live 
apart to test it. Loses temper at a cup which overturns and breaks it; 
fails again. a.b.c. 221; Tubach 252. 

*H1 553.7. Test of patience. Would-be philosopher endures insults from 
great philosopher. Told he had proved himself by keeping quiet re- 
torted: "I would have known I was a philosopher if you had been 
silent." a.b.c. 408; Tubach 3748. 
H1554. Test of curiosity. 

HI 554.1. Test of curiosity: mouse hidden between two plates. Monk boasts 
of strong character; told by companion not to lift the upper plate. 
Tempted, he lifts it, and mouse escapes, a.b.c. 376; Tubach 3427. 
H1556. Tests of fideUty. 

*H 1556.0.3. Fidelity of vassals. Show devotion by drinking exudations 
from count's leprous lesions. Lucanor Ex. 44. 

*H 1556.0.4. Fidelity of son. King gives son, suspected of disloyalty, his 
sword. Must not resort to poison or hired assassin. Son repents and 
swears loyalty. Gbsa 2.2.2.128-29; Tubach 4485. 
H1558. Test of friendship. 

HI 558.1. Test of friendship: the half-friend. Son brags to father of many 
friends. Father tells son to kill a calf (hog) and tell his friends he has 
killed a man and ask help in concealing body. All drive him away, 
and only his father's half-friend remains true to him in his feigned 
trouble, a.b.c. 18; Disciplina 1; Qifar pp. 7-8; Esopete pp. 137-39; 
Castigos 35.165-68; Lwcanor Ex. 48; Especulo 49.34-35 (ADMYTE 
lll?>-113r); Tubach 2216, 2407. 

HI 558. 1.1. Test of friendship. Of three friends, the least loved proves 
true in emergency, a.b.c. 16; Barlaam pp. 115-18; Especulo 35.24-25. 

HI 558.2. Test of friendship: whole friend. In despair, man gives himself 
up as murderer rather than endure ftirther misery. His friend tries to 
take on himself the guilt and be substituted. Real murderer touched 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 53 



by his generosity, confesses. Qifar pp. 9-11; Disciplina 2; Tubach 
2208. 

*H 1558.2.1. Test of friendship: whole friend. Man gives up his betrothed 
to friend whose sickness can only be cured by love. Qifar pp. 9-11; 
Tubach 2215. 

*H 1558.1 1. Test of friendship: to take slap publicly from friend. Castigos 
MS A BNM 6603 36.158 (ADMYTE 92v-93r). 
HI 561. Tests of valor. 

*H 156 1.2. 4. Test of valor among three knights. First two attacked 
enemy as they came near. The most valiant waited imtil enemy at- 
tacked him before fighting back. Lucanor Ex. 15. 
H1565. Tests of gratitude. 

HI 565.1. Test of gratitude. Magician makes pupil believe he has gained 
high office. Though he had promised teacher great rewards, pupil 
does not keep promise. Magically removed from high office. Lucanor 
Ex. 11; Tubach 3137. 

*H1565.2. Test of gratitude. Prince sends courtiers a series of presents: 
good, better, best, and even better than best. First courtier rejects 
them all. Second sends his thanks. Ungrateful one jailed; grateful one 
rewarded further, a.b.c. 206. 
H1569. Tests of character: miscellaneous. 

*H1 569.2. Test of ability to reign. King's youngest son shows willingness 
to serve and to learn. Lucanor Ex. 24. 

*H1569.3. Test of worry-free nature. Philosopher tries to shake stolidity 
of peasant. To frighten him, threatens to immolate wife. Peasant, un- 
shaken, asks for delay so that own wife can be added to fire. Esopete 
pp. 13-14. 

*H 1569.4. Test of ability to keep secret. Husband tells wife secret; he has 
given birth to a crow. She cannot keep secret. Glosa 2.1.24.119-20; 
cf. Tubach 5269. 
H1570-H1599. IVIiscellaneous tests. 
H1573. Religious tests. 

HI 573.2.2. Angel in disguise tests saint's generosity. Begs for platter of 
food sent him by his mother. Saint gives silver platter to him. a.b.c. 
137; Especulo 236.159-60; Tubach 5076. 

*H 1573.2.4. King tests courtiers' wisdom. Chests adorned with gold and 
precious stones contain putrefying remains; chests containing royal 
treasures covered with pitch. Barlaam pp. 56-58; Especulo 449.343- 
44; Tubach 967. 
H1578. Test of sex: to discover person masking as other sex. 

*H1 578. 1.4.3. Test of sex. Boy masking as girl: given choice of play- 
things, chooses arms, not fripperies. Alexandre cc. 411-15. 
HI 584. Tests of space. 

*H 1584.3. Land measured according to amount encompassed by hide of ox. 
Dido orders hide to be cut in thin strips; thus gains large territory 
(Dido). Uustres mujeres 40.47r--49z;; PCG 1. 53. 34-35; Abreviada 1.16. 
H1596. Beauty contest. 

54 MOTIF INDEX OF 



HI 596.1. Golden apple as prize in beauty contest. Judgement of Paris. 
Glosa 3.3.17.379-80. 

*H1 596.4. Ape-mother brags to Jupiter that her child will win the beauty 
contest. All laugh. Esopete pp. 122-23; cf. Tubach 4873, 
HI 599. Contest among demons. 

*H 1599.1. Test of evil. Devils vie: first caused a war; second caused 
storms at sea, killed many; third caused marital strife and many 
deaths; fourth lived in desert and caused a monk to succumb to 
fleshly desires; fifth triumphed because caused saint to touch a 
woman with palm of hand. a.b.c. 92.88-90; Especulo 183.124-25; 
Tubach 1663. 



J. THE WISE AND THE FOOLISH 



J0-J199. ACQUISITION, POSSESSION OF 
WISDOM (KNOWLEDGE) 
JIO. Wisdom (knowledge) acquired from experience. 

J15. Serpent having injured human refuses reconciliation. He knows that 
neither can forget his injuries. Esopete pp. 52, 89-90; a.b.c. 74; Tu- 
bach 4251. 

*J15.1. King's son and bird's son brought up together. Bird kills young boy 
and king has bird's son killed. Bird reftises reconciliation because 
knows that neither can forget injuries. Calila p. 273. 

*J15.1.1. Snake having tried to poison man by secreting poison in cooking 
pot, refuses reconciliation because knows that man will never forget. 
Exemplario 43r; Tubach 4251. 

*J15.1.2. Snake's offspring bites and kills human benefactor's son. She kills 
offender and leaves, never to return, a.b.c. 205; Tubach 4251. 

*J1 5.2. Lion raised by man is beaten and driven away. Later refuses recon- 
ciliation; wounds healed, insults did not. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
27.142 (ADMYTE S6r-86v). 

J16. Dove disregards experience and loses brood building nest in same 
place where she lost former brood. Calila p. 352. 

*J16.1. Lazy trout ignores danger. Does not save self from fishermen as 
had two companions. Calila p. 149; Exemplario ISr. 

J17. Tiger learns through experience to fear man. Esopete p. 123. 

*J17.2. Young lion learns through experience to fear man. In spite of the 
warning of his father, he searches for man and is trapped and beaten. 
Esopete ^^. 98-100. 
J21. Counsels proved wise by experience. 

J21.1. "Consider the end. " Barber sees inscription over door: "Whatever 
you do, do wisely, and think of the consequences." He is hired to 
cut king's throat, drops razor, and confesses, a.b.c. 69. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 55 



J21.2. "Do not act when angry." Counsel proved wise by experience. 

Man returns home after long absence and sees man lying with his 

wife. Restrains self and learns that it is son bom soon after his 

departure. Lucanor Ex. 36. 
*J21.2.1.1. "Do not act when angry." Master will not punish servants 

when angry. Asks steward to do it. a.b.c. 219; Castigos MS A BNM 

6559 31.148; Glosa 1.2.14.135-36; Tubach 3991. 
J21.5. "Do not leave the highway. " Coimsel proved wise by experience. 

Short cut proves longer in time. a.b.c. 414; Disciplina 18; Tubach 

4111. 
J21 . 1 2. "Rue not a thing that is past. " Man lets bird go and then, having 

listened to bird's false declaration that she had a precious gem in her 

body, tries to climb a tree after her and falls. Esopete pp. 142-43; 

a.b.c. 124; Disciplina 22; Qifarp. 76; Barlaam pp. 92-94; cf. Tubach 

5324. 
*J21.12.1. "Never give up what you have in your hand." Man releases 

captive bird in the hope of greater reward. Bird escapes. a.b.c. 124; 

Disciplina 22; Qifarp. 76; Esopete pp. 142-43; Barlaam pp. 92-94. 
J21.12.3. "Do not try to acquire what cannot be acquired." Man tries 

vainly to recapture bird he has released, a.b.c. 124; Disciplina 22; 

(^ifar p. 76; Esopete pp. 142-43; Barlaam pp. 92-94. See also a.b.c. 

300 (not in Paris MS, Perdita res irrecuperabilis non est dolendd). Tale 

not given. 
J21.13. "Do not believe what is beyond belief. " Man believes when bird 

tells him she has a precious gem in her body, a.b.c. 124; Disciplina 

22; Qifar p. 76; Esopete pp. 142-43; Barlaam pp. 92-94. 
*J21.13.1. Previously injured serpent warns farmer repeatedly not to believe 

advice from one whom one has injured. Esopete pp. 89-90. 
J21.14. "Never try to reach the unattainable." Man cannot reach the 

heights to which a bird can fly. Caimot catch escaped bird. Qifar p. 

76; Esopete pp. 142-43. 
J21.32. "Do not marry more than one woman." Man who wanted three 

wives marries one and is greatly weakened. Loses power to turn mill- 
stone. LBA cc. 181-216; Tubach 3182. 
*J21.53. Elderly monk told: "Stay in your cell. Do not go to city where 

you will fornicate." He goes; fathers a child; returns lamenting birth 

of child of disobedience. a.b.c. 176; Tubach 3323. 
*J21.54. Dove told not to throw fledglings to fox but to tell fox she must 

climb tree if she wants to eat them. Saves fledglings. Calila p. 353; 

Exemplario 9\v. 
*J22.1 Precept of the lion to his sons: beware of man. Esopete pp. 98-99. 
J26. Romans learn from vanquished enemy that enemies can be won more 

by kindness than by cruelty, a.b.c. 289 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 

4127. 
*J26.1. Christian does not heed Jew's declaration that in his faith he has 

the right to take the belongings of anyone who is not a Jew. Horse 

and belongings stolen. a.b.c. 202; Tubach 2796. 

56 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J28. Friar, living alone, away from community in hope of controlling anger, 

finds himself overcome by anger by simple act of filling a jug with 

water in his solitude. Returns to monastery, a.b.c. 221; Tubach 252. 
*J29. Foolish monk disdains disobedience in others. Companion traps 

mouse between two plates and warns him not to lift: top one. Fool 

unable to obey releases mouse. a.b.c. 376; Tubach 3427. 
J30. Wisdom (knowledge) acquired by inference. 

*J30.01. Philosopher reads gloomy epitaph and decides to give up worldly 

life and to become a hermit. Disciplina 32. 
*J30.02. Philosophers recognize disparity between golden sepulcher and the 

reality of death. Disciplina 33; Especulo 382.282. 
*J31.3. Holy man's simple statement of faith vanquishes disputation of 

scholar (heretic). a.b.c. 250; Tubach 2548. 
J32. Arrow as man's message shows lion (tiger) how terrible man himself 

must be. Esopete p. 123. 
J50. Wisdom (knowledge) acquired by observation. 

*J5 1.1. Fox learns from fate of other animal. Fox learns wisdom of giving 

lion's share after seeing punishment meted out to wolf. LBA cc. 82- 

88; Gatos 15; Tubach 3069. 
J52.2. King descends to bottom of sea in glass barrel to learn wisdom firom 

observing fishes. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 153.33 (ADMYTE 

I04vy, Glosa 1.2.6.94; Tubach 123. 
*J55.1. Bad judge flayed and skin put on the judgement chair. His son, the 

new judge, taught by fate of father to be good judge. a.b.c. 223; Tu- 
bach 2855, 2859. 
*J56.1.1. Ruler learns lesson from virtuous bishop with ruddy and pimply 

face. Bishop casts out devils fi-om sword bearer. Lesson: do not judge 

a person by appearance, a.b.c. 157. 
*J57. Ruler learns to be merciful fi-om example of bees who die after they 

sting, a.b.c. 381. 
J80. Wisdom (knowledge) taught by parable. 

*J80.0.1. Wisdom taught by parable: the good shepherd. Barlaam p. 103. 
*J80.0.2. Wisdom taught by parable: the seed sown on good and sterile 

ground. Barlaam p. 51; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 50.176. 
*J80.0.3. Wisdom taught by parable: turbulence of powder dissolved in 

water subsides in time, a.b.c. 82; Especulo 496.392. 
*J80.0.3.1. Wisdom taught by parable: storm-tossed ship should be saved 

and not crashed on rocks. Siimer should be welcomed back into 

monastery, a.b.c. 351. 
*J80.0.4. Wisdom taught by parable: guests who do not attend wedding 

are idolaters who reftise God's invitation. Barlaam p. 86. 
*J80.0.5. Wisdom taught by parable: seven wise and seven foolish virgins. 

Wise virgins come with oil for lamps. Barlaam p. 87. 
*J80.0.6. Wisdom taught by parable: the prodigal son. Barlaam pp. 

102-3. 
*J80.0.7. Wisdom taught by parable: the good shepherd. Barlaam pp. 

103^. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 57 



*J80.0.8. Wisdom taught by parable: the unjust steward. Barlaam pp. 

127-28. 
*J80.0.9. Wisdom taught by parable: man tells tale of farmer who yoked 

a calf and an ox to tame tmruly calf. Esopete pp. 64-65. 
J80.3. Wisdom (knowledge) taught by symbolic act. 

*J80.3.1. Wisdom taught by a symbolic act: monk frightened by evil 

thoughts. Abbot tells him to bare his chest and try to receive the 

wind. Just as he cannot do this, he cannot prevent thoughts from 

coming to him. a.b.c. 290. 
*J80.3.2. Wisdom taught by a symbolic act: basket of sand is abbot's sins. 

a.b.c. 1; Tubach 4413. 
*J80.3.3. Wisdom taught by a symbolic act: chests adorned with gold and 

precious stones contain putrefying remains; chests containing royal 

treasures covered with pitch, Barlaam pp. 56-58; Tubach 967. 
*J80.3.4. Wisdom taught by symbolic act: angel in vision twists rope. 

Prayer is work. a.b.c. 7; Tubach 275. 
*J80.3.5. Wisdom taught by symbolic act: confessor shows sinner heavy 

sack of wheat; sinner tries to hft it; holy man pulls against him. 

Sinner's imwillingness to change is like pull toward earth. Gatos 38; 

Especulo 404.302. 
*J80.3.6. Wisdom taught by symbolic act: saint sends pupil unclothed to 

market. He is to bring back meat balanced on his head. Packs of 

dogs and flocks of birds attack him. They are like the devils who 

attack ascetics who withdraw from world. Especulo 475.376. 
*J80.4. King likens trumpets of death to the call all sinners face when they 

know they will die. a.b.c. 192, 292; Tubach 4994. 
*J80.4. 1. Holy man teaches lesson to nephew who had suffered injury. Holy 

man publicly embraces offender and makes peace with him. Especulo 

437.331. 
*J80.5. King teUs fable of mule who refused to acknowledge his low-bom 

father. Poet rewarded because he acknowledges his base parentage. 

a.b.c. 199; Disciplina 4; Tubach 3829. 
*J81.4. Parable comparing filling a hole with sea water using a small spoon 

with the task of putting the truth about the Trinity in a book, a.b.c. 

413; Especulo 539.433-34. 
*J81.5. Parable comparing siege of a city with task of resisting temptation. 

Monks must deprive selves of food and water as do besiegers to 

cities. Especulo 541.437. 
*J81.6. Holy man explains God's image in tranquil, meek hearts. Image's 

movement is like coin dropped into glass of water. Especulo 340.240- 

41. 
*J81.7. Holy man teaches carnally tempted young monk. Just as mother 

weans infant by applying bitter medicine to nipples, he must think of 

bitter punishment for carnal sins after death. Especulo 380.281. 
*J83. 1 . Philosopher teaches princeling by showing him ravens quarreling over 

devastated kingdoms. Youth recognizes that he has been devastating 

his own realm. Lucanor Ex. 21. 

58 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J83.2. Wise man tells Alexander that even lions, when they die, are perches 
for birds of prey. a.b.c. 86; Tubach 148. 

*J88.1. Wise man warns that thief's marriage will swell number of thieves 
just as marriage of sun would create new suns to dry up world. Eso- 
pete p. 35; Tubach 4677. 

*J88.2. Wisdom taught by parable. Worse to be bitten by an angry rabid 
dog than by a dog who uses teeth to carry pups, a.b.c. 232. 

*J89. Dishes of poorly seasoned tongues and of well-seasoned ones com- 
pared to unkind and kind speech. a.b.c. 248; Esopete p. 13; Tubach 
4898, 4916. 

*J94.1. Saint learns how to achieve peace of mind by seeing man who 
worked and then prayed. Work and prayer are answer, a.b.c. 333; 
Tubach 275. 

*J99.3. Friar told that those who do not sow and reap will starve even 
before those who sow and reap badly. Especulo 405.302-3. 

*J99.4. Even if hen is given bam full of grain, she will not stop scratching 
the ground: likewise woman will not desist from adultery (told by 
Venus to Jupiter in defense of adultery). Esopete p. 167. 
JIOO. Wisdom (knowledge) taught by necessity. 

JlOl. Crow drops pebbles into water jug to raise level. Esopete p. 126. 
J120. Wisdom (knowledge) from children. 

J121. Wisdom from child. Ungrateful man refused warm cloth to his fath- 
er. His own son begged warm cloth to save for the day when he too 
will refuse it to his father. a.b.c. 337; Tubach 2001. 

J122.1. Wisdom from child. Seducer refrains when child tells him he is 
foolish. A man is foolish to leave his family and to go whoring. Sen- 
debar Day 8, Tale 20. 

*J122.1.1. Joint depositor tricks old woman. She mistakenly pays him in 
court: child advises old woman to demand presence of all three joint 
depositors before she repays money entrusted to her. Sendebar Day 
8, Tale 21; Tubach 3353. 
J130. Wisdom (knowledge) acquired from animals. 

*J132.1. Crow advises eagle to drop snail to break its shell. Esopete p. 37. 

*J133.7. Animal gives wise example to man. Cock serves (sexually) fifteen 
hens; man can serve only one woman. Esopete p. 167. 
J140. Wisdom (knowledge) through education. 

*J142.3. Illiterate knight wants to learn to read. Can only learn two words: 
"Ave Maria. " a.b.c. 44. 

J 144. Well-trained kid obeys mother goat, does not open to wolf. Esopete 
p. 51; cf. Tubach 2312. 

J 147. ChUd sheltered to keep him in ignorance of sadness, death, aging, and 
infirmity. Useless. Barlaam p. 22. 

*J148. Emperor insists that offspring be prepared. Sons to learn manly arts: 
running, jumping, throwing lances, swimming; daughters, spinning 
and weaving. a.b.c. 325; Glosa 2.1.13.67; Tubach 5383. 
J150. Other means of acquiring wisdom (knowledge). 
J151. Wisdom from old person. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 59 



*J 15 1,1.1. Aged master hidden by servant during revolt. Master's advice 

solves riddle who will first see sun at daybreak. First light of day 

appears in western sky. Mob pardons master and makes him king. 

a.b.c. 401. 
*J151.5. Aged nursemaid taught her charge temperance. Not permitted 

wine, a.b.c. 51. 
*J151.6. Aged man counsels travelers. "Take main road, not short cut." 

a.b.c. 414; Disciplina 18; Tubach 4111. 
J152. Wisdom (knowledge) from sage (teacher). 

Jl 52. 1 . Wisdom of simple living. Cynical philosopher (Socrates/Diogenes) 

lives in half of a large earthenware vessel: open part toward the sun, 

closed part toward the wind and the rain, a.b.c. 427; Disciplina 28; 

cf. Tubach 1673. 
*J 152.7. Wisdom from philosopher. Urinates while walking to protect 

head from noon-day sun, to keep feet from burning, and to escape 

urine's odor. Esopete pp. 7-8. 
*J 152.8. Philosopher advises courtier. Advises him to deceive king. Willing 

to follow him in exile. a.b.c. 75; Barlaam pp. 26-31; Lucanor Ex. 1. 
*J 152.9. Wisdom from philosopher. Tells knights that giving is greatest 

virtue and robbing the greatest vice. Reproaches them for taking and 

robbing every day. a.b.c. 96. 
*J152.10. Wise man cannot tell king what God is. The more he tries, the 

more he fails. King gives sage three days to tell him. Cannot do it. 

a.b.c. 107; Tubach 2903. 
*J 15 2.1 1. Philosopher confines pupil and self in room for six months imtil 

pupil knows all. Sendebar p. 72. 
*J152.12. Philosopher counsels illegitimate princeling to wear garments to 

remind himself of both his noble and base lineage, a.b.c. 189. 
*J152.13. Philosopher writes Alexander's epitaph about Death's powers. 

a.b.c. 294. 
*J152.14. Philosopher is king's superior. Is guided by reason and king by 

will, a.b.c. 259. 
*J152.15. Holy man counsels emperor against vengeance against citizens 

who had dishonored statue of late empress. Saved from killing many. 

a.b.c. 342 (not in Paris MS); see also a.b.c. 437. 
*J152.16. Philosopher reinterprets royal dream. Prophecies of new inter- 
pretation come true. Calila p. 280. 
*J152.17. Philosopher answers riddle for king: most important human vir- 
tue is conscience. Lucanor Ex. 50; Tubach 954. 
*J152.18. Philosopher advises father to marry daughter to poor man who 

is good, a.b.c. 422; Lucanor Ex. 25; cf. Tubach 1444. 
J152.19. Man warned not to eat philosopher's cabbages. Told: "If you want 

to eat them, you will be a truth teller, not a flatterer." Castigos MS 

A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 107r). 
J153. Wisdom (knowledge) from holy man. 

*J 153.3. Hermit explains why God granted water for garden but did not 

allow inappropriate crop to flovirish. To pray for rain is to presume 

60 MOTIF INDEX OF 



greater wisdom than God's, a.b.c. 104; Tubach 3885. 
*J 153.4. Dying saint tells disciples to love one another as they carry him to 

church. Especulo 82.56. 
*J 153.5. Holy man explains anger. It should not reside in heart but only 

in face. Especulo 339.240. 
*J 153.6. Holy man advises pupil to be like a stone when struck, Especulo 

434.330, 435.330. 
*J153.7. Saint on deathbed gives monks rules. Do not offend others, but 

apologize if you do; believe in the good sense of others; do not seek 

revenge if offended. Especulo 505.397-98. 
*J 153.8. Wisdom acquired from saint. Santiago appears to devoted man 

who insists that the saint is a fisherman. Tells him he is God's 

warrior knight. Santiago 19.97-99. 
J154. Wise words of father. 

J154. Wise words of dying father. Search for treasvire by digging soil of 

vineyard. £50/)gre pp. 113-14. 
*J1 54.0.1. Wisdom from father m form of sententiae. Esopete p. 21; ^ifar 

p. 75. 
*J1 54.0.2. Wisdom from father. Youth learns the nature of friendship. 

Esopete pp. 137-39; Castigos 35.165-68; Lucanor Ex. 48; Especulo 

49.34-35; (;:ifar pp. 7-8. 
J154.1. Dying saint leaves wise message to monks. Message is cryptic (Ubi? 

Ibi?) but is finally made clear, a.b.c. 182. 
*J 154.2. Wise words from father. Weed small area of field each day until 

whole field is firee of thorns. Especulo 403.301-2. 
J155. Wisdom (knowledge) from women. 

J155.4. Wife as adviser. King's dream misinterpreted, reluctant to follow 

advice, is advised by wife to delay and to seek advice of philosopher. 

Calila p. 280. 
*J1 55.4.1. Wisdom from wife. King unable to conquer enemy is advised 

by queen that he try to conquer by using contrary measures as do 

physicians: good for evil, kindness for cruelty, a.b.c. 302; Castigos 

MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 115r); Qifar pp. 124-25; Glosa 

1.2.27.204. 
*J155.9. Wisdom from astute old woman. Counsels banker against firaudu- 

lent depositors. Esopete pp. 139-40; a.b.c. 163; Disciplina 15; Tubach 

3355, 4969. 
J156. Wisdom (knowledge) from fools and madmen. 

*J1 56.5. Wisdom from madman. ^X^ly does hunter spend so much on use- 
less activity? Esopete p. 152. 
*J156.5.1. Wisdom from simple person. Holy man mortified self to rid self 

of lustful temptations to no avail. Simple pilgrini told him to eat and 

to regain strength and to serve God. a.b.c. 80, 326, 347; Tubach 

3906. 
*J1 56.5.2. Wisdom from foolish neighbor. Cut cat's ears and bum off her 

fur to keep her firom wandering. Especulo 356.254-55. 
J157. Wisdom from dream. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 61 



*J157.4. King is judged in dream, a.b.c. 61. 
J163. Wisdom purchased. 

J163.4. Good counsels bought. Counsels sold at different prices: "In land 
where you do not know the cuisine, fill up on first dish you are 
served" costs a small sum; more valuable cotmsel is "Do not act 
when angry." Lucanor Ex. 36; cf. Tubach 5324. 
J164. Wisdom from God. 

*J164. Wisdom acquired from God's voice. Saint covmseled to use humility 
to avoid worldly snares. a.b.c. 194, 231. 

*J164.1. Wisdom from Mother of God. Virgin Mary explains nature of 
Host to doubting cleric. Cantigas 149. 

*J 164.2. Virgin Mary appears to monk. Tells him he must love her, 
honor her, and praise her. Cantigas 296. 
J166. Wisdom (knowledge) from visual signs. 

J 167. Wisdom from continual reminder of foolishness in past. Unjust judge 
skiimed, his skin stretched over a stool kept in presence of subse- 
quent judges. a.b.c. 223; Tubach 2859; cf Tubach 2855. 

J168. Inscription of walls for condensed education. Sendebar p. 72. 

*J168.1. Roman temple designed to teach by arrangement of figures and 
wall inscriptions, a.b.c. 212. 
J172. Account of punishments in hell brings about repentance. 

J172.1. Angels take dying saint to heaven, but voice says he first must see 
vileness of devils so that he can confess even small sins he may have 
forgotten. Especulo 191.131. 
J180. Possession of wisdom. 

J 1 8 1 . 1 . Years not counted. Philosopher coimts age from time he began to 
serve God. Is only forty or forty-five instead of chronological seventy 
years. Barlaam pp. 148-50; Tubach 484. 
J190. Acquisition and possession of wisdom: miscellaneous. 

*J191.3. Wisdom acquired from future experience. Holy man fears three 
things: departure of soul from body, appearance before Jesus for 
judgement, sentence to be passed on him. Especulo 195.135. 

J200-J1099. WISE AND UNWISE CONDUCT 

J200-J499. Choices. 

J210. Choices between evils. 

*J210.2. Choice between time in purgatory or illness. God rewards saint 
with choice. He chooses illness. Especulo 485.384-85, 491.386-87; 
cf Tubach 4263. 

*J210.3. Peasant given choice by nobleman. Pay forty marks, take forty 
blows, or eat forty onions. Tries to eat onions; fails, endures the 
blows; fails and must pay marks anyway. Especulo 489.385. 
J211. Choice: free poverty or enslaved wealth. 

J211.2. Town mouse and country mouse. Latter prefers poverty with 
safety. LBA cc. 1369-85; Esopete pp. 36-37; Gatos 1 1; Tubach 3281. 

*J21 1 .3. Dog chooses safety of master's care to promised reward offered by 



62 MOTIF INDEX OF 



thief. LBA cc. 166-80. 
J212. Choice: simplicity with safety or grandeur with danger. 

J212.1. Ass envies horse in fine trappings. Sees him after severely 
wounded after joust, suffering and put to work in the fields. LBA cc. 
237^5; Esopete p. 62; cf. Tubach 2615. 
J215. Present evil preferred to change for worse. 

J215.1. Don't drive away the flies. Wounded animal (man) refiises to 
have flies driven away since they are now sated and their places will 
be taken by fierce and hvmgry flies. a.b.c. 225; Especulo 70.47; Tu- 
bach 2087. 

J215.1.3. Do not pluck off well-fed leeches. Wolf crosses lake to escape 
pursuit. Tries to rid self of leeches but must cross lake again. Is 
advised to keep the sated leeches rather than to leave place for new 
hungry ones, (^ifarp. 106. 

J215.1.4. Old man chooses occasional bud chirp of swallows rather than 
never-ending but soft chirp of sandpipers. Lucanor Ex. 39. 

J2 15.2.1. Old woman prays for safety of cruel tyrant. Fears that a worse 
one will succeed him. a.b.c. 380; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 33.153 
(ADMYTE 106v). 

J215.4. Monk goes to wilderness to escape worldly work and to lead contem- 
plative life. In wilderness was tormented by wasps and flies and suf- 
fered great hxmger. Returns because he must work to live. a.b.c. 428; 
Especulo 341.242-43. 

*J21 5.4. 1 . Newly arrived friar criticizes abbot for working in garden. Given 
cell, awaits in vain a call for meal. Must work and pray to eat. Espe- 
culo 342.243-44; Tubach 5386. 

*J215.5. Holy man's cell far from water. Moves it nearer. Angel walks be- 
hind him and says: "I am covmting your steps to reward you accord- 
ing to your effort." Returns cell to far off location. Especulo 343.244. 

*J215.6. Knight urges others into battle. The wounds they will receive will 
make them forget the ones they already have. Lucanor Ex. 37; cf. 
Tubach 508. 
J216. Choice of deaths. 

J216.2 Lamb prefers to be sacrificed in temple rather than to be eaten by 
wolf. Esopete pp. 128-29. 

J216.5. Warrior count prefers to die in battle instead of in retirement. Thus 
will his name be famous for his deeds. Lucanor Ex. 16. 
J217. Unsatisfactory life preferred to death. 

J217.2 Discontented ass longs for death but changes mind when he sees 
skins of dead asses at fair (longing misplaced because his skin made 
into drums). Esopete pp. 66-67; cf. Tubach 394, 1747. 

*J217.3. Envious ass, desiring easy life of pig who does not work and is fed, 
changes mind when he sees pig is slaughtered for meat. Gatos 35; 
Tubach 3771. 
J218. Enemies make peace rather than slay each other. 

*J218.2. Mortal enemies called upon to rule jointly make peace. Glosa 
3.1.2.17. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 63 



J221. Choice: small injustice permitted rather than to cause 
trouble. 

J221.3. Man would rather pay 500 florins he did not owe than to have it 

said he did not pay debts. a.b.c. 159; Tubach 1498. 
J225. Choice: apparent injustice over greater wrong. 

J225.0. 1 . Angel and hermit. Angel takes hermit with him and does many 

seemingly imjust things. Later shows why each was just, a.b.c. 230; 

Tubach 2558. 
J225. 0.1.1. Angel explains why sinful rich man is buried with honors, and 

pious monk is devoured ignobly by lion. Evil will sufifer in afterlife, 

good will not. a.b.c. 105; Especulo 511.404; Tubach 3107. 
*J225.0.4. Angel explains apparent injustice to hermit. Squire lost knight's 

money sack; charcoal burner found it. Knight cut squire's foot off. 

Angel explained: Knight lost money because he had stolen it; char- 
coal burner found money that had belonged to his father. Squire lost 

foot for having kicked his mother. Especulo 15.11; Tubach 2558. 
J225.4. Angel kills man. Done because man is plotting a murder. a.b.c. 

230. 
J229.8. Contentment with evil master (tyrant) for fear of worse successor. 

a.b.c. 380; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 33.153 (ADMYTE 106?;). 
J230-J299. Real and apparent values. 

*J234. Hermit learns that knight's bravery in battle against infidel army is 

as valuable as is his life of devotion. Lucanor Ex. 3; Tubach 2561. 
*J235. Monk asks abbot what to do with property. Abbot tells him he has 

three choices: give it to Church so that he will be given preference; 

give it to his family so that they treat him well; give it to the poor so 

that he will do the right thing, a.b.c. 290. 
*J235.1. Philosopher absorbed in study will not be interrupted even to 

save self firom marauders. Is killed. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

15.122, 15.58 (ADMYTE 15vy, Glosa 1.2.7.98. 
*J235.2. Philosopher so absorbed in study forgets to lift food to mouth at 

mealtimes. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 15.122; Glosa 1.2.7.97. 
J240-J259. Choice between useful and ornamental. 

J242.2. Pine and thorn bush dispute as to their usefulness. Beauty of form 

does not give worth; pine grows slowly but it will withstand storms. 

Esopete p. 124. 
J242.5. Peacock and crane in beauty contest. Better to be able to soar like 

crane than to strut like peacock. Esopete p. 123. 
J242.6. Contest in beauty between swallows and crows (ants and flies). 

Worth lies not in beauty. Esopete p. 53. 
J245. Useful and ugly preferred to expensive and beautiful. 

*J245.2.1. Humble man becomes king. Chooses humble food over royal 

fare. a.b.c. 81; Tubach 3843. 
*J245.3. King prefers ruling smaller territory of satisfied subjects than larger 

one with rebellious ones. Gives up territory, a.b.c. 289. 
J247. Goodness preferred to wealth. 

J247.1. Man advised to find good husband for his daughter, not a rich one. 

64 MOTIF INDEX OF 



a.b.c. 422; Lucanor Ex. 25; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 

59r); Tubach 1444. 
*J247.2. Pope's wealth and hermit's poverty are equal. a.b.c. 122. 
J260-J279. Choice between worth and appearance. 

*J260.0.1. Holy man, small of stature, found on ladder lighting lamps. His 

greatness of spirit contradicts appearance. Especulo 313.220. 
J262.1. Noisy things often empty. Fox finds drum in tree. Makes loud 

noise in wind, but when fox opens it, drum is empty. Calila p. 135. 
J280. Quality preferred to quantity. 

*J282. Man troubled by bird song must choose between ridding house of 

swallows with superior song and sparrows. Swallows come and go, 

but sparrows stay all year long. Lucanor Ex. 39. 
J300-J329. Present values chosen. 
J320. Present values preferred to future. 

J321.2. Little fish in net kept rather than wait for uncertainty of greater 

catch. Esopete pp. 124-25. 
J321.4. Present jcrys preferred to future ones. Dying man shows soul all the 

good things it can enjoy if he remains alive. Pleasures of fiiture less 

certain. Lucanor Ex. 4. 
*J321.5. Three trout. First sees danger (fishermen) and escapes; second, 

having delayed, finds escape blocked and plays dead. Third is lazy 

and is caught. Calila p. 149; Exemplario 18r. 
J330-J369. Gains and losses. 
J340. Choices: little gain, big loss. 

J34 1.1. Fox prefers to bear weight of tail rather than give part of it to ape. 

Esopete p. 66; Tubach 297. 
J342. High wages bring expensive living. 

J342.2. Visitor refuses royal offer of wealth and comfort because king's ex- 
penses are equal to income. Knows that in emergency wealth will not 

be there, a.b.c. 155; Disciplina 26; Tubach 2917. 
J344. What one has is neglected in search for other things. 

J344.1. The monkey and the lost lentil. Lets fall all others he has in his 

hand in order to search for one dropped lentil. Calila p. 292; Exem- 
plario 13v. 
*J344.3. Wolf neglects present food in hope of finding better. LBA cc. 

766-79; Esopete pp. 91-93. 
J347. Wealth and glory sacrificed for freedom and virtue. 

J347.1, Man refuses vast wealth because it would cause him to become 

covetous. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 11.140. 
J347.2. King lays aside crown since it brings too many cares. Glosa 

1.1.8.43. 
J347.2.1. Crown accidentally bestowed on knight refiised. Crown falls on 

head; he will not accept power. Glosa 1.1.8.43-44; Castigos MS A 

BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 42^;). 
J347.3. Duke's son chooses exile and honor over licentious life in father's 

court. Castigos 1.41-42; Tubach 362. 
J347.4. Rich merchant worries constantly about investments; poor man is 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 65 



free from worry. Castigos 7.64. 

J347.5. Man rejects three beds: marriage (marital bed inhabited by dan- 
gerous beasts); royal power (royal bed inhabited by dangerous 
beasts); wealth (rich person's bed inhabited by dangerous beasts). 
Chooses a stair that leads to spiritual happiness. Gatos 23. 

*J347.6. Young man uses inherited wealth to feed starving populace. 
Rebuked, he replies that he had not put it where it could be stolen or 
destroyed, but rather in a safe place that would benefit kingdom. 
a.b.c. 395; Disciplina 29; Tubach 4963. 
J350. Small inconvenience, great gain. 

*J351.2. Fox, in danger of being caught, plays dead. Allows tail to be cut 
off, teeth to be pulled, ears to be cut off, but will not permit heart to 
be removed. LBA cc. 1412-21; Lucanor Ex. 29; Tubach 2176. 

J352.2. Snake suffers indignity of serving frog king as his mount (vehicle). 
Eats only those frogs given to him by king. Calila p. 248; Exemplario 
61r. 

*J353. Saint asked why he is so thin and wasted. Fear of God dries bones 
just as fire dries wood. Especulo 549.443. 

J356. Less inconvenience found in fighting while tired than losing all for a 
little rest. Lucanor Ex. 37. 

J357. Priest gives donkey to poor because worry for its safety distracts him 
from prayer, a.b.c. 327; Tubach 381. 
J369. Small inconvenience, large gain: miscellaneous. 

*J369.0.1. King chooses small inconvenience of personal troubles to great 
troubles for realm. Castigos 57.184. 

J369.2. Ape throws away nut because of its bitter rind. Esopete p. 153; 
Gatos 50; Especulo 57.39; Tubach 3510. 

*J369.3. Hungry man grudgingly invited to eat accepts invitation. Knows 
that eating is more important than pride. Lucanor Ex. 17. 
J370. Choices: important and unimportant work. 

J37 1.1. Bull refuses to fight goat. Bull being pursued by lion tries to go 
into cave. Goat refiises to let him in. Bull must go on, for with lion 
pursuing, he has no time to fight goat. Esopete p. 122. 

J372. "This is Alaquen's addition. " ICing's invention of flute with extra 
hole compared with the construction of great mosque. Lucanor Ex. 
41. 

*J373. Holy man leaves cell each day to go to shore for stones to build cells 
for others. Pupil challenges him because of his advanced age and fra- 
gility. Especulo 344.244-45. 
J390. Choices: kind strangers, unkind relatives. 

J39 1.1. Lamb chooses her foster mother, the she-goat. Owes more to her 
than to her own mother who has deserted her. Esopete pp. 50-5 1 . 
J400-J459. Choice of associates. 
J401. Scarcity of real friends. 

*J4 10.0.2. Half-friend. Son tells father he has many Abends. Father re- 
plies that he only has one half-fiiend. Tells son to tell his many 
fiiends he has killed a man and needs their help. They refuse. He 

66 MOTIF INDEX OF 



sends him to his half-friend who ofifers to help him. Disciplina 1; a.b.c. 
18; ^ifarpp. 7-8; Esopete pp. 137-39; LucanorEx. 48; Tubach 2216. 
J410. Association of equals and unequals. 

J411.1. The lion (boar) and the ass. Ass laughs at hon. Lion does not 
care to dirty his teeth to bite him. Esopete p. 36; Tubach 3060. 

J41 1 .3. 1 . Noble poets refuse to associate with poet of lowly lineage. Rebuked 
by king, a.b.c. 183; Disciplina 3; Tubach 3829. 

J411.4. Peasant ashamed of being thrown off by ass. Shameful to be 
thrown by such a creature. Esopete pp. 24-25. 

J411.5. Wolf tries to make friends with lion. Killed. Esopete pp. 85-86. 

*J4 11.5.1. Pig tries to make friends with sheep. Is carried off. Esopete pp. 
85-86. 
J413. Unprofitable association of unequals. 

*J413.2. Alexander the Great was raised with a rascal and learned to be- 
have like him. Especulo 531.420. 
J420. Association of strong and weak. 
J425. Weak fear company of strong. 

J425.1. Earthen and brazen pots in river. Brazen pot thinks they should 
stay together for company. Earthen pot, however, fears approach of 
brazen pot. Esopete p. 122. 

J426.1. Association of rat with cat ceases as soon as mutual danger has 
passed. Mouse helps wild cat escape from snares in such a way that 
escape is possible. Esopete p. 38; Calila p. 267; Exemplario dlv. 
J440. Association of young and old. 

J441.1. Old ox yoked with young ox. Thus kept in order. Esopete pp. 64- 
65. 

J445.1. Foolish youth in love with ugly old woman. Does not see her 
flaws. Gatos 8; Esopete p. 64; Tubach 2454. 
J450. Association of the good and the evil. 
J451. Contagiousness of bad company. 

*J45 1.1.1. Weasel caught with mice and killed m spite of pleas. Esopete 
p. 54; Tubach 5228. 

J451.2. Stork killed along with cranes. Ill-advised association ends fatally. 
Esopete p. 111. 

*J45 1.2.1. Cricket caught among locusts. Esopete pp. 19-20. 

*J45 1.3.1. Contagiousness of bad company. Two scholars in an iim; ar- 
rested along with other customers. a.b.c. 349 (not in Paris MS); Dis- 
ciplina 7; Tubach 2431. 

J452. Bad associates bring death to bishop. Lawyer lost his soul for him; 
doctor lost his life, a.b.c. 160; Tubach 2999. 

*J453. Appearance of associating with women in brothel damages reputation 
of good man. Pious man innocently in alley of whores criticized. Luca- 
nor Ex. 46. 
J460. Unnecessary choices. 
J461. Senseless debate of the mutually useful. 

J461.1. The belly and the members. Debate as to their usefulness. All mu- 
tually useful. Esopete p. 66; Tubach 570. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 67 



J466. Senseless debate about usefulness. 

J466.2. Senseless debate. Which is the greater: St. John the Baptist or St. 
John the Evangehst. Saints appear in dreams of debaters urging them 
to make peace, a.b.c. 57; Tubach 2829. 

*J466.3. Senseless debate. Which is the most important: hearing mass or 
hearing sermons. Kings of France and England dispute. Especulo 
33.22. 
J480. Other choices. 

J482.1. Widow refuses second marriage. If husband is good, she will fear 
to lose him; if bad, she will repent, a.b.c. 368; Tubach 3180. 

J482.2.2. Father chooses poor wise man over rich fool for daughter's hus- 
band. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 15.122 (ADMYTE 58^;); Tubach 
1444. 

J482.3. Young man advised to choose wife whose mother and grand- 
mother were chaste, a.b.c. 386 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 955. 

J485. Three sins of the hermit. Given choice of covetousness, lust, or 
dnmkenness. Chooses drunkenness, and cannot avoid committing 
the others, a.b.c. 127; LBA cc. 529-43; Especulo 199.139; Tubach 
1816; Apolonio cc. 54-55; cf Tubach 2569, 4130. 

*J485.1. Three choices of holy man. Read religious books; give them to 
others to read; sell them to give proceeds to poor. Saint says fourth 
choice is not to own anything. Especulo A16.316. 

J495. Monk chooses contemplative solitary life to avoid sin. a.b.c. 82. 
J500-J599. Prudence and discretion. 
J512. Animal should not try to change nature. 

J512.6. Crow tries to imitate partridge's (dove's) walk. Only spoils its own. 
Calila p. 304; Exemplario 78r. 

*J512.16. Daw tried to imitate eagle. Attempts to carry off lamb. Fails. 
Esopete p. 109. 
J514. One should not be too greedy. 

J514.1. Kite tries to carry off so many partridges that he drops them all 
(that an archer shoots him easily). Gatos 39; Especulo 17.12; Tubach 
3608. 

J514.2. Wolf tries to eat bowstring. Finds archer, boar, and stag dead. De- 
cides to save meat and eat only the bowstring. Bow hits him in head 
and kills him. Calila p. 212; Exemplario 46v. 

J514.4. Greedy pig looks up into tree waiting for fruit thrown to him by 
ape. This causes his death. Sendebar Day 5, Tale 11. 
J552. Intemperate pugnacity. 

J552.3. Serpent (weasel) tries to bite a file. Esopete p. 65. 
J557. Intemperance in undertaking labor. 

J557.1.1. True penance even for a day is effective. Man counseled that 
forty days, even three days might be excessive, a.b.c. 290, 296 (not 
in Paris MS). 

*J557.2. Two travelers carry unequal burdens. One adds to his burden and 
dies. The other lightens his load and survives. a.b.c. 260 (not in Paris 
MS). 

68 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J565. Intemperance in fasting. 

*J565.2. Young woman devoted to Virgin Mary takes no food for a month 
and dies. Cantigas 188. 
J570. Wisdom of deliberation. 

J571.4.2. Master, when angry, will not punish steward who has ruined 
him for fear that punishment would be excessive, a.b.c. 219, 220, 
150 (not in Paris MS) text not given, only tide ("Iracundus non 
debet modo aliquando liberare"); Tubach 3991. 

*J571.5.1. Avoid hasty judgement. Wife counsels king to delay killing all 
members of his court because of a dream. He may regret his action. 
CalUa p. 280. 

*J571.6.1. Judge not lest you be judged. Abbot admonished by angel not 
to judge sins of monks, a.b.c. 226. 

*J571.6.2. Judge not. Sinner may have confessed and repented; accusa- 
tion may not be true. a.b.c. 227, 228. 

J572.1. Bravest know how to wait. Three men are pursued in battle. First 
throws self on enemies; second waits a litde; third does not fight 
vmtil the enemy begins. Third one is bravest. Lucanor Ex. 15. 
J5S0. Wisdom of caution. 

J581.2. Lovers quarrel about means of escaping without being caught by 
husband. Escape route not as described. They are caught by return- 
ing husband. Calila pp. 111-12. 

J581.3. Monk's enemies quarrel and thus save him. Thief wants to steal 
his cow; devil wants to capture his soul. They quarrel over prece- 
dence and he awakens. Calila p. 239; Exemplario 56i;; Tubach 4787. 
J600-J799. Forethought. 
J610. Forethought in conflict with others. 
J613. Wise fear of the weak for the strong. 

J613.1. Frogs fear increase of sun's power (through marriage) will dry up 
their puddles. Esopete p. 35; Tubach 4677. 
J620. Forethought in prevention of other's plans. 
J621. Destruction of enemy's weapons. 

J621.1. The swallow and the hemp-seeds. Birds to eat seeds. Heedless 
birds are caught in nets made from hemp grown fi-om seeds. Swallow 
departs and makes nest in safety of human dwellings. Esopete p. 39; 
Lucanor Ex. 6; LBA cc. 745-54; Tubach 4686. 

*J621.1.2. Trees not to supply wood for woodman's axe handle. Esopete p. 
65; Tubach 444. 
J624. Uniting against a common enemy. 

J624. 1 . Mountain goats butting each other shed blood. Fox laps up spilled 
blood and is killed by goats. Calila p. 138; Exemplario 14r. 

J624.3. Enemy brothers unite to fight a common enemy when outsider 
begins to insult one of them, a.b.c. 311; Tubach 714. 

*J624.4. Horses, who had previously been enemies, unite when their 
owners turn them over to lion, a common enemy. Lucanor Ex. 9. 
J634. King takes measures against assassination. 

J634.1. King, to avoid possible assassination, singes beard rather than have 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 69 



barber shave him. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 25.141 (ADMYTE 

84w); Glosa 1.1.6.32. 
*J634.1.1. King, to avoid possible assassination, has queen's quarters 

searched before entering. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 25.141 

(ADMYTE SAv); Glosa 1.1.6.32-33. 
J640. Avoidance of other's power. 

J642.2. Traitor convinces king (Rodrigo) to turn swords into plowshares. 

Enemy prevails. Glosa 2.2.19.29. 
J643. Care against future tyranny. 

J643.1. Frogs demand a live king. King Log. Jupiter has given them a 

log, but they find him too quiet. He then gives them a stork who eats 

them all. Esopete p. 49; LBA cc. 199-206; Tubach 2221; cf. Tubach 

292 (ants). 
*J643.2.1. Hawk eats doves who have elected him king. Esopete pp. 49- 

50; cf. Tubach 1755, 3554. 
J644.1. Fox sees all tracks going into lion's den but none coming out. Does 

not enter and saves self. Esopete p. 78; Tubach 2169. 
J651. Inattention to danger. 

*J65 1.1.1. Hawk, engaged in eating nightingale's chicks, is caught by hxm- 

ter. Esopete pp. 62-63. 
J65 1.2. Man, inattentive to the danger of drowning, persists in crossing riv- 
er overburdened by load of precious stones. Drowns. LucanorEx. 38. 
*J651.3. Inattention to danger. Man is perched on branches over stream. 

Dreaded serpent awaits his fall. Two mice are gnawing his branches. 

Ignoring peril, he sees a beehive above and eats honey. Branches are 

eaten through, and he falls into mouth of awaiting serpent. Calila 

p. 120; Exemplario 10z;-llr. 
*J651.4. Man, pursued by unicorn, climbs tree and eats apples, enjoys 

view. There are poisonous snakes, toads, and other perils at foot. 

Roots of tree are gnawed, and he falls into serpents' pit. Gatos 48; 

Barlaam pp. 113-15; Especulo 379.280; Tubach 5022. 
J655. Approaching danger too familiarly. 

*J655.3. Fox laps up bloodshed by battling goats. Calila p. 138; Exemplario 

14r. 
J656. Avoiding things which are harmful by nature. 

J656.1. Thombush blamed by fox for wounding him. He should have 

known better than to lay hold of something whose nature is to lay 

hold of others. Esopete p. 110. 
*J656.2. Emperor, fearful of lightning, takes pains to protect palace 

against it. Goes out himting on clear day, but storm overtakes him; 

he is killed by lightning. Qifar p. 27. 
J657. Care in selecting the creature to carry one. 

J657.2. Tortoise requests flight to see fields and mountains. Eagle drops him 

and eats him. Gatos 1; Esopete p. 119; Tubach 625, 1832. 
J657.3. Crane persuades fish to let him move him from one lake into another, 

eats fish. Calila p. 143; Exemplario 16r-167;. 
J670. Forethought in defenses against others. 

70 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J671. Practical and impractical defenses. 

J67 1.1. Belling the cat. Mice decide that a bell should be put on cat, but 

none are vsalling to tie it on. Gatos 55; Tubach 566. 
*J673.2. Prophet unperturbed when surrounded by enemy. Tells servant that 
more soldiers are on his side than against him. In morning, forces 
massed to protect prophet are seen. a.b.c. 58. 
J680. Forethought in alliances. 
J681. Alliances which make both parties vulnerable. 

J681.1. Rat and frog tie paws together to cross stream. Both carried off by 
kite. a.b.c. 58; Esopete pp. 24, 34; LBA cc. 407-16; Gatos 18; Tu- 
bach 3425. 
J700-J749. Forethought in provision for life. 

J701 .2. King improves kingdom by making it smaller, stronger, and richer 
before leaving it to his sons. a.b.c. 289; Tubach 2909. 
J702. Necessity of work. 

J702.2. King (queen) teaches children to work at all tasks to prepare them 
for future needs, a.b.c. 325; Tubach 5383. 
J710. Forethought in provision for food. 
J711. In time of plenty provide for want. 

J711.1. Ant and the lazy grasshopper. Lazy bird (grasshopper) is put to 
shame by thrift of industrious bird (ant). In winter he is in distress. 
Esopete p. 19. 
*J7 11.1.1. Ant and the greedy fly. Fly bites whom he will and eats best 
food from tables but only in the summer; in winter he dies while ant 
is secure from the cold beneath the earth. Esopete p. 53; Tubach 
2097. 
J711.3. King for a year provides for future. Knowing that the custom is 
that he is to be deposed and exiled naked and without food to an 
island in a year, he has provisions sent to island beforehand. Lucanor 
Ex. 49; a.b.c. 366; Barlaam pp. 121-23; Especulo 243.163; Tubach 
2907. 
J711.5. Industrious ant works always at its harvest to keep it dry. Brings 
stored grain out into sim to keep it safe. Lucanor Ex. 23; Tubach 
265. 
J750— J799. Forethought: miscellaneous. 
J758. Beware of an interested adviser. 

*J758.4. Beware of interested adviser. Crow advises eagle to drop snail to 
break shell. Crow eats meat of snail. Esopete p. 37 
J800-J849. Adaptability. 
J810. Policy in dealing with great. 
J811. Wisdom of concession to power. 

J81 1.1. The lion's share. Wolf divides booty imevenly giving entrails to 

ailing lion. lion kills wolf. Fox then divides: gives lion meat and 

takes bones. LBA cc. 82-88; Gatos 15; Especulo 534.422; Tubach 

3069. 

J8 11.1.1. Lion divides the booty. Best part goes to himself as king of 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 71 



beasts; second, as strongest; third, as most valiant; fourth: "touch it 
if you dare." Esopete p. 35. 

*J8 11.2.1. Lion, having broken vow of abstinence from meat, asks cour- 
tiers if his breath smells bad. Those who say yes, he kills. Monkey 
praises its fragrance and survives. Esopete p. 67; cf. Tubach 2205. 

J811.4. Ruler angered by evil spoken about him is placated by gende ex- 
planation that they were spoken when drunk, a.b.c. 419. 

*J81 1 .5. Ruler told he forgets nothing, except injuries. Must learn to pardon 
injuries. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 96r); Glosa 
1.2.14.134. 
J815. Unpleasant truths must be withheld from the great. 

J815.1. Liar rewarded by ape-king. King of apes asks visitors how they 
like his children (courtiers). Truthfiil visitor tells that they are very 
ugly and is pvmished. liar praises their beauty and receives reward. 
Esopete p. 77; Gatos 28; Tubach 304. 
J816. Tact in reproving the great. 

J816.4. Woman tactfully restrains amorous king. SendebarDay 1, Tale 1; 
Lucanor Ex. 50; Tubach 954. 

*J816.5. King's mother (lion's mother) urges him not to kill falsely 
accused counselor (fasting jackal). Calila p. 311. 

*J816.6. Conqueror's mother convinces him to be merciful to enemy. Glosa 
2.2.4.139. 

]^\1.A soft answer turns away wrath. Captives of Romans tells them that 
merciful treatment will result in peace, a.b.c. 289 (not in Paris MS); 
Tubach 4127. 

*J817.4. Pagan priest beats monk who had addressed him rudely but ad- 
mires his teacher who treats him respectfully, a. b.c. 21 8; Tubach 1237. 

*J817.5. Courtier gives king chance to exculpate self hy relating tale of 
farmer frightened by lion's paw prints. King imderstands and excuses 
himself from blame answering that lion may have been on land but 
had not hurt anyone. Sendebar Day 1, Tale 1. 
J830. Adaptability to overpowering force. 

J832. Reeds bend before wind (flood). Save themselves while oak is up- 
rooted. Esopete p. 80. 

*J836. Courtier pretends he will join king in retreat to leave the court and 
live in the wilderness, a.b.c. 75, 215 (not in Paris MS); Barlaam pp. 
25-29; Lucanor "Ex.. 1. 
J850-J899. Consolation in misfortune. 
J860. Consolation by a trifle. 

J861.1. Consoled by a drop of honey. Man in pit, precariously supported 
by branches being gnawed by rodents, surrounded by perils, comforts 
self eating honey from hive. Calila p. 120; Exemplario 107>-llr. 

J869.1. Doves (partridges) in net console themselves because they think 
trapper's tears are from pity for them. Esopete pp. 76-77; Lucanor Ex. 
13; Tubach 1773, 3606. 
J870. Consolation by pretending that one does not want the thing 

one cannot have. 

72 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J87 1 . The fox and the sour grapes. Pretends that the grapes he cannot 
reach are sour. Esopete p. 75. 
J880. Consolation by thought of others worse placed. 

J88 1.1. More timid than the hare. Hares take heart when they see that 

frogs are more timid than they. Esopete p. 5 1 . 
J883.1. Poor man sadly reduced to eating grain usually fed to cattle is con- 
soled by seeing other man following him eating his discarded husks. 

Lucanor Ex. 10. 
J893. Consolation: spiritual recompense for temporal misfortune. 
J893.1. Consolation. Saint tells blind man that even flies have eyes but 

that only man has eyes of the soul, a.b.c. 63. 
*J893.1.2. Blind woman consoled. Sight is occasion of sin. a.b.c. 63; Tu- 

bach 1950. 
*J893.2. Sick man denied cure. Told that sickness is necessary to cleanse 

soul. Especulo 320.224. 
*J893.3. Sick man denied cure. Rust is to iron as sickness is to hviman- 

kind. Heat burns it away. Especulo 321.224. 
*J893.4. Saint prays that arrow wound not be healed. Pain will strengthen 

him spiritually. Especulo 323.225. 
*J893.5. Dying man asks friends not to pray for cure but for a good end. 

Better to suffer here than in afterlife. Especulo 324.225. 
*J893.6. Man who fell ill every year laments when one year he does not. 

Fears that God has forgotten him. Especulo 325.225-26. 
*J893.7. Man whose three companions fall ill takes care of them. Laments 

his own good health because God had forgotten him. Especulo 326.226. 
J893.8. Man feels closer to God when HI than when well. Cleric will pray 

that he not be cured. Especulo 327.226. 
J900-J999. Humility. 
J910. Humility of the great. 

*J911.2. Friar fasted for seventy weeks to gain understanding. Failed and 

went to ask for help of other friar. Angel praised his acknowledgment 

of ignorance. Especulo 314.220. 
J912. Wise man humble in death. 

J912.1. Dying king (sultan) orders that shroud be displayed to public. It is 

all he will take with him. a.b.c. 121; Especulo 386.283; Tubach 4355. 
J912.2. King accepts offer of monument for his death as reminder of his 

mortality and as lesson to others. a.b.c. 294. 
J912.3. Rich man (king) humbled by realization he cannot take wealth with 

him. He laments the lack of servant after death but learns that he can 

lean on God. Especulo 388.284. 
*J912.3. 1 . Rich man (usurer) ordered that one-third of wealth be buried with 

him. Devils seen tossing gold in cadaver's throat. a.b.c. 123; Tubach 

5039. 
*J9 12.3.2. King declares his love for Jesus upon receiving Host at moment 

of death. Especulo 31.21. 
*J9 1 2.4. 1 . Great king says: "Many call me king of great armies. I say I am 

king of dust." Especulo 305.214-17. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 73 



*J913.1. Humble man becomes king. Falls ill because of change of diet. 

Wise man advises he return to simple foods, a.b.c. 81; Tubach 3843. 
*J913.2. King unable to protect self from fly. Even kings are unable to 

prevail against all. Especulo 312.219-20. 
J9 1 4. 1 . King David dances with common youths before the Ark of the Cove- 
nant to humble himself and please God. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

16.127 (ADMYTE 66z;). 
*J914.2. King shows humility. Offers drink to holy man before self. Holy 

man humbly serves his chaplain before himself. Especulo 225.152. 
*J914.3. Holy father removes clothes and bathes self and clothes in river. 

Shows humility in face of grand receptions planned for him. Especulo 

311.219. 
*J914.4. St. John Patriarch used clay drinking vessels to avoid arro- 
gance. Especulo 383.282. 
*J914.5. On day man is elected emperor, stonemason brings three kinds of 

marble. Must choose stone for tomb. Especulo 384.282. 
J914.6. King (Xerxes) weeps, knows he will be dead in 100 years. Casti- 
gos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 88^;). 
J915. King of humble lineage cannot be flattered. Will not permit it. a.b.c. 

10; Tubach 2906. 
J916. Abbot warned of official visit dresses as a beggar. Avoids vainglory. 

a.b.c. 5; Tubach 13. 
*J916.1. Precentor refuses to accept praise for wise words, a.b.c. 9. 
J921. Noble and ugly holy man embraces man who calls him ugly saying he 

loves those who see him as he really is. a.b.c. 320; Tubach 5016. 
*J922. Humble abbot covers his face to hide such a worldly thing from 

people, a.b.c. 63. 
*J922.1. Noble man gives up costiy garments when enters religious order. 

Better to save soul in vile garments than to be damned in fine silk. 

Especulo 427.325. 
J950. Presumption of the lowly. 

J951.1. Ass in lion's skin unmasked when he raises his voice (when ears 

are seen projecting from skin). Esopete p. 120; Gatos 22; Tubach 386. 
J951.2. Crow (jay) in peacock's (pigeon's) feathers unmasked. Esopete p. 

53; LBA cc. 285-90; Tubach 1360. 
J951.4. Weasel paints self (dusts self with flour) to deceive mice. Esopete p. 

75. 
*J951.6. Ram in mastiff's skin unmasked when thorns tear skin. Esopete 

p. 98. 
J952. Lowly animal tries to move among its superiors. 

*J952.6. Frog attempts to be a great physician. Shamed by fox. Esopete p. 

120; Tubach 1692. 
*J952.7. Two smaller rams ridicule large ram in flight from danger which 

they do not see. Esopete p. 78. 
J953. Self-deception of the lowly. 

J953.1. Dog proud of his clog. Thinks it is a decoration. Esopete pp. 120- 

21. 

74 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J953.10.1.1. Flea descends from camel's back and tells him he can rest. 

Camel replies that flea's weight made no difference. Esopete p. 79. 
*J953.19. Mule scornful of fly that threatens to bite him. He will hasten but 

only in fear of master's whip. Esopete p. 53. 
*J953.20. Ass thinks all animals fear him because hares flee when he brays. 

Lion himibles him. Esopete p. 78; cf Tubach 386. 
J954. Foolish boast of ancestry by lowly. 

J954. 1. Mule boasts of grandfather who was war-horse. Refuses to acknow- 
ledge father who was an ass. a.b.c. 199; Disciplina 4; Tubach 3432, 

3829. 
J955. Lowly tries in vain to be greater than it is. 

J955.1. Frog in vain tries to be as big as an ox. Bursts. Esopete p. 54; 

Tubach 2219. 
J956. Ambitious branch chosen as king of trees. Vine and fig tree have re- 
fused. Esopete p. 1; Tubach 751. 
J1000-J1099. Other aspects of wisdom. 
JIOIO. Value of industry. 

*J1012. King spends nights in study. Invents self-filling lamp to study 

through the night without interruption. Glosa 1.2.7.96-97; Castigos 

MS A BNM 6559 15.121 (ADMYTE 58r). 
J1020. Strength in unity. 

J1022. Fight of lions and bulls. Lion (here wolf) succeeds only when 

bulls are separated. Esopete pp. 123-24. 
J 1024. Ringdoves (quails) caught in net. Rise up in a body and escape. 

They fly to mouse friend of leader who gnaws the net and firees 

them. Calila p. 202; Exemplario 41r-42r. 
J 1025.1. Cranes, when united defeat all enemies. When they fight among 

themselves they are destroyed, a.b.c. 60; Tubach 1315. 
J 1025.2. Cats unite in battle against wolf. Each one attacking distinct 

parts of his body. They destroy wolf Calila p. 343; Exemplario 88r. 
*J1 025.3. Horses who had previously been enemies unite when their owners 

turn them over to lion. Lucanor Ex. 9. 
*J1 025.4. Deer unite and hunters cannot attack them. Especulo 102.68; 

Tubach 1503. 
J1030. Self-dependence. 

J1032. Stag found by master when overlooked by servants. Hides under hay 

and escapes until master himself comes. Esopete p. 67; Tubach 4596. 
J1033. Gardener who plants vegetable tends it best (why wild plants grow 

better than tended ones). Esopete pp. 9-10. 
J1040. Decisiveness of conduct. 

J 104 1.2. Miller, his son, and the ass. Miller blamed when he follows his 

son on foot; when he takes son's place on the ass; when he takes his 

son behind him; and when he puts son in firont of him. Esopete pp. 

153-54; Lucanor Ex. 2; Tubach 382. 
J1050. Attention to warnings. 

*J1054.1. Chick disregards mother hen's warning to stay imder her wing. 

Kite carries him off. Gatos 36. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 75 



J1060. Miscellaneous aspects of wisdom. 

J 106 1.1. The cock and the sapphire (pearl). Prefers a single com to a peck 
of pearls. LBA cc. 1387-91; Esopete p. 33; Tubach 3635. 

J1062.1. Frog as beauty doctor unable to cure his own ugliness. Esopete p. 
120; Tubach 1692. 

J 1063.1. Mother crab blames children for not walking straight. Esopete pp. 
119-20; Tubach 1311. 
J1064. Futility of trying to teach the stupid. 

J1064.1. Bird killed by apes who will not believe her warning that firefly 
is not a fire. Calila p. 170; Exemplario 25r. 

*J1 064.2. Swallow unable to convince other birds to eat hempseeds to pre- 
vent humans from using hemp for nets. LBA cc. 745-54; Lucanor 
Ex. 6; Tubach 4686. 

*J1 064.3. Partridges will not believe warning that hunter with tears in his 
eyes intends to capture them. Lucanor Ex. 13; Esopete pp. 76-77. 
J1072. Person to be judged by own qualities, not by clothes. 

*J 1072.3. King leaves bathhouse wearing rags. Not recognized; is mis- 
treated. Lucanor Ex. 51. 

*J1 072.4. Madman in rich household given master's clothes. Others cannot 
distinguish between them. Especulo 40.27. 
J1074. Value of silence. 

*J1074.1.2. Value of silence. Would-be philosopher endures insults from 
great philosopher. Told he had proved himself by keeping quiet re- 
torted: "I would have known I was a philosopher if you had been si- 
lent." a.b.c. 408; Tubach 3748. 

*J1074.1.3. Value of silence. Abbot holds stone in mouth for three years 
to learn how to be silent. a.b.c. 409; Especulo 525.412; Tubach 4627. 

*J1074.1.4. Value of silence. Bishop answered plea for edification with 
meaningful silence. Especulo 523.411-12. 

*J1074.1.5. Value of silence. Monk relies on scriptural verse that warns 
against misspeaking. Especulo 524.412. 

*J1 074.3. Vow of silence gives man power to see demons and angels 
carry off departing souls, a.b.c. 409. 
J1085. Money does not always bring happiness. 

J 1085. 3. King sees poor man who is far happier than himself. a.b.c. 350. 

J1100-J1699. CLEVERNESS 
J1100-J1249. Clever persons and acts. 
JlllO. Clever persons. 

Jl 1 14.0. 1 . Clever slave. Maimundus makes clever retorts to master. Dis- 
ciplina 27.89-90; a.b.c. 195; Tubach 4288. 

*J1 1 14.0.2. Clever servant asked how much he could eat. Asks if ques- 
tioner means his food or the food of another. If another, he would 
eat as much as possible. a.b.c. 195. 
J1140. Cleverness in detection of truth. 

Jl 141.14. Thief of church funds threatened with excommunication. Returns 
money and is absolved. Especulo 170.114-15. 

76 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J1144. Eaters of stolen food detected. 

Jl 144.1. Eaters of stolen food detected by the giving of an emetic. Esopete 
pp. 2-3. 
J1150. Cleverness connected with giving of evidence. 

J1152. Witness cannot speak language of accusation: discredited. Rejected 
lover taught two parrots in a particular language to accuse mistress 
of household of infidelity. When tested, the birds know nothing more 
of the language. Calila p. 198; Exemplario 38v-39r; cf Tubach 632, 
3147. 

Jl 153.1. Susanna and the elders. Prophet Daniel proves that elders had 
accused her falsely. Castigos 9.69; Gbsa 2.2.6.248; Tubach 4584. 

Jl 154.1 . Parrot (magpie) unable to tell husband details of wife's infidelity. 
Wife simulates a rainstorm while cage is covered so that parrot gives 
husband a false report. Sendebar Day 1, Tale 2; Exemplario 25v-26v; 
cf Tubach 632, 3147. 
J1160. Clever pleading. 

Jl 161.1. The two (three) joint depositors. Two men entrust money to 
women; she may pay it only in the presence of both. One comes to 
her to tell her his partner is dead. She hands over money. Other, still 
alive, demands his money. Before judge, first one must produce his 
"dead" partner. Cannot do it. a.b.c. 78; Sendebar Day 8, Tale 21; 
Tubach 3353. 

Jl 161.4. Money in the stick. Before swearing, the borrower hands a stick 
containing the borrowed money to the lender. He then swears it has 
been repaid. a.b.c. 234; Especulo 459.358; Tubach 3352. 

Jl 161.9. Drunk philosopher wagers that he can drink the ocean dry. Agrees 
to do so if the others will hold back streams emptying into the ocean. 
Agreed only to drink the ocean. Esopete p. 15. 

Jl 162.4. Clever pleading. Youth in court for calling king a fool, proves 
truth of statement because king allowed himself to be duped by al- 
chemist, ^ifar pp. 128-29; LucanorEx. 20; cf Tubach 89. 

*J1 162.5. Lawsuit over property. Plaintiff sleeps during proceedings; un- 
willing to see brother's unhappiness. Recovers his property. Especulo 
101.67-68. 

Jl 164. Clever pleading. Knight haled before king for beating blasphemer. 
Tells king just as he would fight to protect king's name, so he should 
fight to protect the name of the King of Kings, a.b.c. 53. 
J1169. Clever pleading: miscellaneous. 

Jl 169.4. The ass beheaded. Alexander vows to sacrifice first thing he 
meets. It is a man riding an ass. Man pleads that ass preceded him. 
King amused, man spared. a.b.c. 118; Tubach 3289. 
J1170. Clever judicial decisions. 

Jl 171.1. Solomon's judgement: the divided child. Two women claim child. 
Judge offers to cut it in two. Real mother reftises. Castigos 9.69; 
Tubach 4466. 

Jl 172.1. Not the same purse as was lost. Finder of purse with 100 gold 
coins and a golden serpent (800 guldens) returns it and asks for 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 77 



reward. To avoid giving reward, owner says there had been two ser- 
pents (900 guldens). In court, wise intermediary helps finder. Judge 
rules that finder may keep purse because it was not the one lost. 
a.b.c. 367; Disciplina 17; Esopete pp. 141-42; Tubach 874, cf. 4090. 

J 11 72.3. Ungrateful animal returned to captivity. A man rescues a serpent 
(bear) who in return seeks to kill his rescuer. (Snake liberated by 
shepherd bites him when fireed.) Fox as judge advises the man to put 
the serpent back into captivity. Esopete pp. 86-87; a.b.c. 312; Dis- 
ciplina 5; Tubach 4254, 4262. 

*J1 172.3.3. Clever judge. Suspects that miscreant is hidden in hollow 
tree. Orders that fire be set to smoke him out. Calila p. 171; Exem- 
plario 2(iv-21r, Tubach 4954. 

Jl 174.1. Youth to be killed for kissing duke's daughter (pleads his love for 
her). Duke says: "If we kill those who love us, what shall we do with 
those who hate us?" Same prince forgives member of court who spat 
at him. a.b.c. 67. 

J1176.2. Measuring the dregs. Some ftiU and some half-full oil casks left 
with man by landlord, who accuses him of theft. Fraud detected by 
measuring the dregs. Half-ftiU casks's dregs were measurably less 
than fiiU casks's. a.b.c. 390; Disciplina 16; Esopete pp. 140-41; Glosa 
3.2.21.197-98; Tubach 3524. 
J1179. Clever judicial judgements: miscellaneous. 

*J1179.1.1. Lawsuit: neither plaintiff awarded judgement. Both fox and 
wolf suspect and legally vmable to bring complaint. Esopete p. 54. 

*J1 179.5.1. Flea pleads innocence. When he bites man he is only follow- 
ing rules of nature. Esopete p. 113; Tubach 2081. 

Jl 179.13. Cardinal's clever decision. The monks who arise earliest may 
sound bells for matins. There had been a great argument between 
clerics associated with the church and monks associated with a relig- 
ious order. Lucanor Ex. 3 1 . 
J 11 80. Clever means of avoiding legal punishment. 

*J1181.4. Man sentenced to be hanged is permitted to choose tree for his 
hanging. Cannot find suitable tree. a.b.c. 130; Tubach 4790. 

*J1181.5. Sentenced to have eyes taken out, asked if he could select the 
instrument {el clavo). Favor granted, but then he could not find a 
nail that suited him. a.b.c. 151; Tubach 1947. 

*J1 189.4. Judge, forced to sentence own son to the loss of both eyes as 
punishment for adultery, offers one of his own so that law is satisfied. 
a.b.c. 224; Glosa 1.2.11.113-14; Tubach 1944. 

*J1 189.5. Execution escaped by false confession by fiiend (father's friend). 
Esopete pp. 137-39. 
J1210-J1229. Clever person puts another out of countenance. 

*J1 2 1 5.2. "Eat spiritual food, " says monk to brother who criticizes work- 
ing at earthly pursuits like gardening. Will not give him "earthly" 
food. a.b.c. 425; Tubach 5386. 

J1217.2. Simple man puts philosopher out of countenance by telling him 
that wisdom came before learning. a.b.c. 392. 

78 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J1217.3. Worldly man asks his brother, a monk, for money. Cannot ask 
other brother who is recently dead because he is dead to world. 
Monk responds he is even more dead to world. Especulo All.316-11 . 

*J1217.4. Saint's father leaves him large inheritance. Saint says it is im- 
possible because he died (withdrew from world) before his father. 
Especulo Al^.311. 
J1250-J1499. Clever verbal retorts (repartee). 
J1260. Repartee based on church or clergy. 

*J1 26 1.4.1. Moribund refuses sacrament because those offering it are not 
his peers. a.b.c. 153. 

*J1 26 1 . 1 1 . Celibate acquiesces passively to widow's sexual advances. Claims 
to be free of guilt because she was active not he. Esopete p. 165. 

*J1261.12. Bishop abstains from eating meat. Parishioner questions his 
sincerity: "You are eating my flesh and blood by stealing the cow 
that feeds me." Especulo 68.46-47. 

*J1261.13. Saint, served meat, tells bishop he has not eaten dead animals 
since he entered religious life. Bishop responds: "Since I entered relig- 
ious life, I have not slept, nor have I permitted anyone who com- 
plained about me to sleep." Especulo 504.397. 
J1262.4. Levity regarding biblical passages. 

*J1 262.3.1. "Give and you shall be given. " Monks ask that two servants 
who had been dismissed be returned to restore prosperity. They are 
named "Give" (Dad) and "Given" (Dado). Especulo 241.162. 

Jl 262.5.2. Parishioner hears preacher say that alms are returned "100 to 
1." Gives cow expecting to receive 1 00. a. b. c. 1 39; Tubach 176, 4089. 

*J1 262.5.3. Saintly man's steward dispensed five coins instead of ten to 
beggar. Because God returns hundredfold, steward must repay five 
hundred coins, a.b.c. 140; Tubach 176, 4089. 

*J1 262.5.3.1. Merchant gives wealth to God because he will be rewarded 
hundredfold. Digs and finds gold worth three hundred silver pounds. 
Especulo 244.164. 

J1262.6. "You don't blame a toolmakerfor making all manner of tools, both 
harmfiil and helpftil, so why blame God for making bad beasts as 
well as good ones?" a.b.c. 56. 

*J1 262.7.1. "Think about Judgement Day just as criminal thinks about 
execution day" says abbot to monks. a.b.c. 70; Especulo 194.134-35; 
Tubach 1229. 

*J1262.10. "If you cannot see the soul in the living man, how can you ex- 
pect to see it in the dead body?" says wise man to atheist. a.b.c. 24. 
J1263. Repartee concerning clerical abuses. 

*J1263.1.5. Devil sends archbishop letter saying that all ignorant, stupid 
priests had been sent him by devil. a.b.c. 196. 

*J1 263. 1 .6. Devil leaves message on scholar's hand. Greets church officials 
whose behavior sends so many to inferno by example. Especulo 
470.371. 

*J1263.1.7. Devil marks messenger's face. Carries message of clerical ig- 
norance. Marking cleansed by holy water. a.b.c. 196; Tubach 3032. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 79 



J1263.4. Repartee concerning clerical luxury. 

Jl 263.4.2. Man calls St. Peter and St. Paul fools for enduring poverty if 
rich abbots can reach heaven too. a.b.c. 152; Especulo 472.371-72; 
Tubach 3716. 

*J 1263.5.4. Saintly man's steward told to give beggar three coins, holds one 
back; then charitable men give them two hundred coins. Saint says: 
"Accept these coins, but know that you took a hundred from me 
when you held back one from beggar." a.b.c. 141; Especulo 240.161, 
J1269. Repartee based on church or clergy: miscellaneous. 

*J1269.14. Holy man sees sinner. "He today, I tomorrow." a.b.c. 228. 

J1269.16. "Have you given up as much as I?" Previously wealthy monk, 
criticized for sleeping in comfortable bed, responds, a.b.c. 258; 
Tubach 539. 
J12S0. Repartee with ruler (judge, etc.). 

J1281. Man cries out "Tyrant!" He is answered: "If I were a tyrant, you 
would not say so." a.b.c. 346; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 
(ADMYTE 96z;); Glosa 1.2.14.133; Tubach 5011. 

*J1281.1. Caesar proves he is no tyrant by letting courtiers insult him for 
his baldness, his humble lineage, a.b.c. 346; Glosa 1.2.14.132-33; 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 95r). 

*J 128 1.1. 2. Empress offers judge great honors if he will make false judge- 
ment. He replies: "I do not want honors at the price of the truth." 
Especulo 396.292. 

*J1281 .2. King retorts to insulting ambassador who had said he should be 
hanged. He tells him he is better than those who sent him to insult 
him. a.b.c. 345; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 96r). 

*J1281.3. "Friend, if I am a dwarf, then I have need of good stilts," 
responds Julius Caesar to a jeerer who thought to insult him. Castigos 
MS A BNM 6559 13.118, 82.215 (ADMYTE 96v); Glosa 
2.1.13.65. 

*J1 28 1 .3. 1 . Caesar hears insult without anger. Said to be baker's son. Cas- 
tigos MS A BNM 6559.31.147 (ADMYTE 95r); Glosa 1.2.14.133. 

*J1281.3.2. Scipio told he is no warrior. "My mother bore me to be em- 
peror, not warrior." Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 
96r); Glosa 1.2.14.133. 

*J 128 1.3. 3. Vespasian told that foxes can shed coat but not heart. The 
emperor can shed neither. "To such men we owe laughter, to our- 
selves correction and to evil ones punishment." Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 96r); Glosa 1.2.14.133. 

*J1281.4. "Move along where the king won't hear you." King, sitting 
behind curtain, hears men reviling him. Lets them know he has 
heard, a.b.c. 341; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 
95^;); Glosa 1.2.14.133-34; Tubach 2908. 

*J1281.5. Alexander asks desert philosophers what gift he might give them. 
They reply "Immortality." He, as a mortal cannot grant them this. 
They reply: "If you are mortal, why do you do so many evil things?" 
Especulo 385.282-83. 

80 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J1281.6. "/ would rather that you smeUed of other things than unguents 
and scents. " Ruler with sensitive nose denies important post to noble 
youth, a.b.c. 323. 

*J 128 1.7. King invites enemy to dinner. Serves him dish prepared with 
flesh of guest's sons. Asked if meal was good, says: "In the king's 
house all meals are pleasing." Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13.118 
(ADMYTE 52^;). 

J1281.8. Flatterers tell Alexander he is son of Jupiter. He replies: "This 
arrow wound proves I am mortal." Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
(ADMYTE lllr). 

*J1 283.1. Alexander and gift. Gave man a city. Man protested he was 
unworthy. "If you do not merit it, then it is not fitting for me to give 
it to you." a.b.c. 97; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 14.119; Glosa 
1.2.17.155; Qifar^. 99; cf. Tubach 100. 

*J1 283.2. King excuses self from giving money to friend. Friend first asks 
for large amount, and king tells him it is too much for a friend to 
ask. When man asks for lesser amount, king tells him it is a sum not 
fitting for a king, a.b.c. 321; Qifar p. 99. 

J1289.10. King will destroy city. Annoyed by plea of philosopher, says he 
will do nothing philosopher asks. Philosopher asks him to destroy 
city. City is saved, a.b.c. 233; Tubach 105. 

*J1 289. 10.1. Noble will destroy monastery if son does not return to secular 
life. Son agrees, provided that father will agree to change law that 
sons and fathers must meet the same end. Father enters monastery. 
Especulo 387.283-84; cf. Tubach 4183. 

*J1 289.21. Caesar offers to send lawyer to defend veteran soldier. Soldier 
says: "When I was your soldier I fought for you, I did not send in a 
substitute. " Caesar appears in court for him. a. b.c. 31 9; Tubach 4181. 

*J1 289.22. Emperor asks pirate: "Why are you a pirate?" Responds: "I 
am only doing what you do on a larger scale." a. b.c. 42; Castigos MS 
A BNM 6559 31.137 (ADMYTE 95r); Glosa 1.2.10.110-11; Tu- 
bach 113. 

*J1 289.23. Only booty he had earned from African military campaign was 
his nickname, says Scipio Africanus when accused of having profited 
firom African campaign, a.b.c. 255; Glosa 1.1.7.38. 

*J1 289.24. Knight cuts horseshoe with sword. Duke demands knight's 
sword but is unable to cut even a nail with it. Knight says: "Sir, I 
gave you the sword, not the strong arm." Especulo 560.453-54; 
Tubach 4694. 

*J1 289.25. "My tongue does not belong to you," retorts condemned man 
to king as he bites it out and flings it at king. Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 96r); Glosa 1.2.14.134; cf. Tubach 4911. 

Jl 289.26. Physician threatened with death by tyrant. "When you harm 
God's creatures, remember that only God can cure you." a.b.c. 373. 

*J1289.27. Theodosius condemned to be crucified. "It does not firighten me. 
I can die on earth or up in the air." Glosa 1.2.14.134; Castigos MS A 
BNM 6559 31.148-49 (ADMYTE 95^). 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 81 



J1310. Repartee concerning wine. 

*J1319.2. Mouse in wine vat. Promises cat anything if he will save him. 
Breaks promise, telling cat, "I was dnmk when I promised." Gatos 
56; Tubach 3426. 
J1320. Repartee concerning drunkenness. 

*J1 320.0.1. Drunken man taunts bishop with invitation to eat on fast day. 
Bishop replies: "You will dine today in hell." Man dies. Especuh 
10.8. 
*J1325. Why English are short lived. Drink more in four years than 
others do in twenty (rather than eat). Teacher explains: "God did 
not want to deprive others of sustenance so deprived them of food." 
Especuh 196.137. 
J1340. Retorts from hungry persons. 

J1341.5. Hungry apprentice attracts master's attention by saying he is in- 
sane. a.h.c. 102; Disciplina 20.76-78; EsopeteY>^. 151-52; Tubach 2753. 
J1369. Rude retorts: miscellaneous. 

*J1 369.6. "Cursed be the words of your mouth, " retorts precentor to false 
flatterer who has said "blessed be the words of your mouth." a.b.c. 
9; Tubach 2078. 
J1370. Cynical retorts concerning honesty. 

*J1374. Philosopher sees bailiffs leading thief to gallows. He says: "I see 
greatest thieves leading a lesser one to the gallows." Especuh 66.46. 
J1390. Retorts concerning thefts. 

*J1397.1. Owner of sheep rebukes neighbor. Man asks neighbor what hap- 
pened to sheep when he chased the wolf that had stolen it. Neighbor 
says he caught wolf but ate the sheep instead of returning it to owner 
who says: "You are as bad as the wolf." ^ifar p. 60. 
J1420. Animals retort concerning danger. 

J 1421. Peace among the animals (Peace fable). Fox tries to beguile cock 
by reporting a new law establishing peace among animals. Dogs ap- 
pear; the fox flees. "The dogs have not yet heard of the new law." 
Esopete pp. 63-64; Tubach 3629. 
J1430. Repartee concerning doctors and patients. 

*J1 432.1. "It hurts where you touch me," says sick ass to wolf as his 

doctor. Esopete p. 78. 
J1434. Streniwus cure for madness. Doctor throws patient into a pit of 
water. Servant warns hunter (a person who engages in a mad activi- 
ty) to flee before master throws him into the pit also. Esopete p. 152. 
*J1434. 1 . "/ am well. Take me out of the pit. " So says patient put in pit 
of water as cure for insanity. Esopete p. 152. 
J1440. Repartee: miscellaneous. 

*J1440. 1 . Man considering taking holy orders told to be like an ass: obedi- 
ent. a.b.c. 31 A; Tubach 390. 
J1442.1. Cynic wants sunlight (Socrates to royal hunters) or (Alexander 
to Diogenes): "What can we do for you?" "Get out of my sunlight. 
Don't take away from me what you can't give me." a.b.c. 348, 427; 
Tubach 1673. 

82 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J 1442. 1.1. Plato says he is ruler's superior because he is guided by reason 
and ruler is guided by will. a.b.c. 259. 

*J1442. 14. "/ know where my shoe pinches, " says man rebuked for leav- 
ing his wife whom all regard as good. a.b.c. 371 (not in Paris MS); 
Tubach 4339. 

*J1442.15. "Thanks for your kind words, but may your deceitful eyes go 
blind." So says wolf to shepherd who hid him from hunter but 
winked in hunter's direction to betray him. Esopete p. 75. 

J1454. The lion and the statue. A man points out the statue to show the 
supremacy of man. The lion: "If it had been a lion sculptor, the lion 
would have been standing over the man." Esopete pp. 78-79. 

J1473.1. The greedy dreamer. Shepherd dreams he is offered a price for 
his sheep. In dream demands an even higher one. Wakes, finds he 
was dreaming and is willing to accept the lower one. Disciplina 31; 
Tubach 1788. 

*J1476.1. The earthen pot humbled. Rain water: What is your name? Pot: 
A fine pot made for years of service. River: You shall soon be mud 
again. Esopete p. 128. 

J1488. What the bear whispered in his ear. Paid guide climbs tree and 
leaves traveler to mercy of bear. Traveler feigns death, and the bear 
sniffs him and leaves. The guide: "What did the bear say to you?" 
He said, "Never trust a coward like you." Esopete pp. 121-22. 

*J1489. Evil king finds sentry asleep. Sentry says he was not asleep: "I 
was thinking that the magpie has as many white feathers as black." 
Is spared because it is so. Caught again he replies: "I was thinking 
that the vixen has as many bones in her tail as in her spine." Is 
spared because it is so. Caught a third time he says: "I was thinking 
you are the devil's man, and he will come and get you." That day 
devils come and carry off evil king, a.b.c. 114. 

J1494.1. Lame knight says he is better soldier. Will stand and fight, not 
flee. Glosa 1.2.13.125. 
J1500-J1649. Clever practical retorts. 
J1510. The cheater cheated. 

*J1 5 1 0. 1 . Fraudulent claim by stag made in presence of wolf whose pres- 
ence intimidates sheep into acknowledging debt. Repayment sched- 
uled for when wolf will not be present. Esopete p. 52. 

*J1510.2. Usurers cheated. Warrior deposits sand-filled chests with 
usurers as surety for a loan. CMC w. 80-212. 
J1511. A rule must work both ways. 

*J1 5 11.9.1. Employer says she has eyes in buttocks to supervise clever 
slave's actions. He uncovers them while she sleeps. Esopete p. 16. 

*J151 1.21. Envious guest collects all bones from meal and heaps them on 
plate of favored newcomer, leaving his own plate empty. Calls atten- 
tion to newcomer's greed. Newcomer retorts: "I have done what is 
natural. I have eaten the meat and left the bones. My companion has 
behaved like a dog. He has eaten both meat and bones." Disciplina 
21. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 83 



J1512.2. To return the eye to the one-eyed person. "Let me have yovir other 
eye so that I can see whether the one I bring you matches." Sendebar 
Day 8, Tale 22. 
J1521. Swindler's plan foiled. 

*J 152 1.1.1. Peasant kills fox who betrayed wolf in order to get wolfs food 
supply. Esopete p. 63. 
J1522. Rebuke to the stingy. 

*J1 522.3. Gemstone merchant hires artisan to polish stones. Artisan sees 
stringed instrument. Merchant tells him to play it. End of day, mer- 
chant denies him his pay. Answers: "You told me to play it." Calila 
p. 113; Exemplario 9r. 
J1528. Dream interpretation answered by new interpretations. 

*J1528.1. Malicious interpretation of royal dream corrected by new inter- 
pretation by philosopher. Revised prophecies come true. Calila p. 
286. 
J1530. One absurdity rebukes another. 

J1531.2. The iron-eating mice. Rogue claims that mice have eaten the 
iron entrusted to him by dupe. Dupe abducts rogue's son; says that 
a falcon carried him off. Explains that in land where mice eat iron, 
falcons can carry off children. Rogue retvims iron; dupe returns son. 
Calila p. 175; Exemplario 19r; Esopete p. 167; cf K1667. 

*J1531.4. Husband paints lamb on wife's abdomen to ensure her chastity 
during his absence. Returns after long absence to find that her lover 
has repainted it; it is now a full-grown ram. LBA cc. 474-87. 

*J1 539.2.1. Aesop's master steals pig's foot from pot to incriminate him. 
Aesop and master both replace stolen pig's foot in pot. Too many in 
pot. Esopete p. 1 0. 
J1540. Repartee between husband and wife. 

J1546. Woman curious about senate's secret deliberations. Son (husband) 
tells her they have decided that each man may have many wives. 
Gullible woman believes it. a.b.c. 394; Tubach 5269. 
J1550. Practical retorts: borrowers and lenders. 

*J1 552.5. Holy man allows borrowers of bread to repay what they owe on 
honor system. Violator who has not ever repaid finds storehouse 
empty. a.b.c. 310; Especulo 233.157-58. 
J1565. Inappropriate hospitality repaid. 

Jl 565.1. Fox and crane invite each other. Fox serves the food on a flat 
dish so that the crane cannot eat. Crane serves his food in a botde. 
Esopete p. 52; Tubach 2170. 

Jl 565.2. Bees serve honey for dinner to beetles who eat very litde. Beedes 
invite bees and serve them animal dimg. Bees do not eat. Gatos 34. 

Jl 566.1. Philosopher spits in king's beard because no place in elegant 
palace is suitable for spitting. a.b.c. 188; Tubach 525. 

J 1577. Deceptive invitation to a feast. Vulture invites birds to dinner and 
eats them (lion and foxes). Esopete p. 78; cf Tubach 2169. 
J1580. Practical retorts concerning almsgiving. 

*J1 580.0.1. Saint leaves possessions to poor. Tells his two vmmarried sis- 

84 MOTIF INDEX OF 



ters: "God who made you will provide for you just as he did for 

me." Especulo 43.29-30. 
*J1592. Impoverished scholar gives knowledge in form of grammar lesson 

instead of alms, a.b.c. 131; Tubach 173. 
J1600. Practical retorts: miscellaneous. 

*J1 600.1. Who lost the sword? Man asks sword who lost it. Sword: 

"What matters is how many men I have lost." Esopete p. 79. 
J 1607. The testament of the dog. The owner of a dog has him given a 

Christian burial. Hearing protests, the bishop thereupon pretends 

that the dog has left the church a large legacy. Esopete pp. 152-53; 

cf. Tubach 4949. 
J1608.1. Fox asks mule about its identity, its parentage, its name. Mule 

says its father wrote information on hoof. Fox sees through trick. 

Esopete p. 85; Tubach 3432. 
*J1 623.1. Drunkard cured of seeing double. Returns home drunk, sees 

wife and his two children. Accuses her of infidelity because sees four 

children. Kills her and children. Sober, he kills self. Especulo 

198.138. 
*J 1623.2. Drunkard returns home. Demands that wife undergo ordeal by 

burning metal. She agrees but tells him he must hand her the red-hot 

poker. Pain restores him to sobriety. Especulo 200.139-40; cf. Tu- 
bach 59. 
J1634. To follow the king. In order to test a favorite, king says he will 

retire firom world and offers him the regency. On advice fi-om phi- 
losopher, favorite says that he will accompany king into retirement. 

a.b.c. 215 (not in Paris MS); Lucanor Ex. 1; Barlaam pp. 25-29. 
J1647. Priest asked to preach short sermon says, "He who is of God hears 

his word, therefore you are not of God." a.b.c. 362; Tubach 4244. 
*J 1647.1. Preacher tells king who is too busy hunting to hear sermon that 

sermons are for those who will listen and benefit from them. Qifar p. 

75. 
J1650-J1699. Miscellaneous clever acts. 
J1661. Deductions from observations. 

*J1661.1.2.2. Deduction that prince (king's son) is not his. Sickened by 

cooked meat. Queen's lover ate only raw meat, a.b.c. 175; Tubach 

500. 
*J 166 1.1. 2. 3. Deduction that king is illegitimate. His nature is revealed by 

his behavior. He rewards favorites with bread, therefore he is son of 

a baker. a.b.c. 313; Tubach 500. 
J 166 1.1. 5. Deduction that horse was reared on milk of a she-ass. Horse is 

observed to shake ears like an ass. a.b.c. 313; Tubach 2611. 
J1661.1.6. Deduction by feeling stone to test value. Warmth of stone shows 

that it contains a worm, a.b.c. 313; Tubach 5391. 
J1662. Cat's only trick. She can climb tree to escape hunting dogs, but 

fox, who brags about knowing many tricks, is captured. Gatos 40; 

Esopete pp. 87-88; Especulo 24.16; Tubach 2180. 
J 167 5. Clever dealings with a king. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 85 



Jl 675.0.1. Knight hailed before king for beating blasphemer. Tells king just 
as he would fight to protect king's name, so would he fight to protect 
the name of the King of Kings. a.b.c. 53. 

J1700-J2799. FOOLS AND OTHER UNWISE PERSONS 

J1700-J1729. Fools (general). 
J1730-J1749. Absurd ignorance. 

J1733. Why the pigs shriek. The sheep does not understand why the pig 
being carried to slaughter shrieks. Esopete p. 1 1; Tubach 3775. 
J1744. Ignorance of sexual relations. 

*J1 744.2. Naive new bride compares husband's penis with that of an ass 
and finds him wanting. Esopete pp. 165-66. 

*J1745.1.1. Absurd ignorance of sex. Pious maiden (mm) convinced by 
go-between that God does not see what is done at night. Spends 
night with go-between's customer. a.b.c. 108; Tubach 1436. 

*J1 745.3. Foolish young woman sees copulation between youth and ass. 
Told he is giving beast sense, she asks for same treatment. Esopete 
p. 24. 

*J1 745.4. Sheltered prince shown all forms of human and animal life for 
first time was told that young women are devils who deceive men. 
Asked what he liked best, chose the "devils." Barlaam pp. 261-63. 

*J1 745.5. Inexperienced young monk (never having seen a woman) is told 
that women are goats. Obsessed by what he had seen through win- 
dow is unable to eat (meat) because he felt so sorry for the poor 
goat. a.b.c. 300. 
J1750-J1849. Absurd misunderstandings. 
J1750. One animal mistaken for another. 

*J1 756.2. Horse thief mistakes lion for horse and movmts him and rides 
until daybreak. Sendebar Day 6, Tale 14. 
J 1760. Animal thought to be an object. 

J1761.3. Firefly thought to be afire. Bird who tries to keep monkeys firom 
this error is killed by them. Calila p. 170. 
J1772. One object thought to be another. 

*J1772.15. File thought to be food. Esopete p. 65. 
J1780. Things thought to be devils, ghosts, etc. 

*J1781.4. Man thought to be devil (storm) by lion. Man rides lion all 
night, thinking it to be a horse. Sendebar Day 6, Tale 14. 
J1790. Shadow mistaken for substance. 

J1791 .3. Diving for cheese. Animal sees moon reflected in water and think- 
ing it cheese, dives for it. Disciplina 23; a.b.c. 363; Tubach 1699. 

J1791.4. Dog drops meat (cheese) for the reflection. Crossing a stream with 
meat in his mouth, he sees his reflection; thinking it another dog 
with meat, he dives for it and loses his meat. Esopete p. 34; Exem- 
plario 9v; Calila p. 114; LBA cc. 226-29; Especulo 41.a.28; Tubach 
1699. 

J1791.8. Duck dives for star, thinking it is fish. The next day when she 
sees fish, she lets it escape. Calila p. 155. 

86 MOTIF INDEX OF 



J1792. Picture mistaken for original. 

J1793. Mask mistaken for face. Esopete p. 53. 
J1810. Physical phenomena misunderstood. 

*J1 8 10.0.1. Bird mistakes falling of leaf for falling of sky. Frightened. 
Gatos 3. 

J1812.2. Hares think sound of waves is great danger to them. LBA cc. 144- 
50. 
J1820. Inappropriate action from misunderstanding. 

*J1 820.1. Satyr drives man away because he blows on hands to warm 
them and on wine to cool it. Esopete pp. 126-27. 

*J 182 1.2. Birds see watery eyes of hunter and think he weeps for them in 
pity. Esopete pp. 16-11 , Gatos 4. 

*J1 849.5. Abbot sends monk for manure; he returns because a lioness lives 
where the manure is. Told to rope her and bring her here. Credulous 
monk tries, and she resists imtil he tells her that abbot had sent him. 
Abbot says: "Just as you are witless, you have captured a witless 
beast." a.b.c. 317; Especulo 415.313-14; Tubach 3075. 

*J1 849.6. Goose too heavy to fly well asks crow to help. Crow tries to lift 
him but cannot and accuses goose of resisting. Gatos 38. 
J1850-J1999. Absurd disregard of facts. 

Jl 853. 1.1. Money from the broken statue. Fool sells goods to a statue, 
and when it will not pay him, knocks it to pieces. He finds a treasure 
inside. Esopete p. 110. 
J1880. Animal or objects treated as if human: miscellaneous. 
J 188 1.2. Animal sent to go on errand by itself. 

J 188 1.2. 2. Peasants must make overdue payment. They tie money to the 
neck of a fleet-footed animal, a hare, telling it to take it to creditor. 
Gatos 44. 
J1891. Object foolishly blamed. 

*J1891.4. Blacksmith not to be blamed because tools can cause damage. 
a.b.c. 56. 
J1900. Absurd disregard or ignorance of animal's nature or habits. 

J 1909.1. Fisherman fails to make fish dance to his flute. Later they jvimp 
about without the aid of his flute. Esopete p. 110; cf Tubach 2053. 

*J1909.1.2. Hyena (jackal) captured by peasants. Good peasants plead 
for his safety and feed him in pit where he is captive. He escapes, 
takes revenge on those who wanted to kill him. Esopete p. 76. 
J2050-J2199. Absurd shortsightedness. 
J2061. Castle-in-air shattered by lack of forethought. 

J2061.1. Air-castle. Jar of honey suspended over hermit's head. He 
dreams of selling honey and through successive transactions becom- 
ing tremendously wealthy. In dream he will punish disobedient 
offspring. Raises stick and shatters jug of honey. Calila p. 264; Ex- 
emplario 66r-667;; Tubach 3286. 

*J206 1.3.1. Air-castle. Jar of honey to be sold. Woman on way to mar- 
ket to sell honey laughs with joy at future wealth and knocks jar off 
head. Lucanor Ex. 7; Tubach 80. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 87 



J2066. Foolish waiting. 

J2066.4. Wolf scorns salt meat in false expectation of other food. LBA cc. 

166-19; Esopete pp. 91-93. 
J2066.5. Wolf waits in vain for nurse (mother) to throw away child. She 

has threatened to throw the child to the wolf. Esopete p. 119. 
J2070. Absurd wishes. 

J2071. Three foolish wishes. Three wishes will be granted: used up fool- 
ishly. Wife tells man to wish for many women. Unhappy with many 

women, she advises him to wish that God free him from women. 

Wish granted. He is alone. Then must use third wish to restore his 

wife. Sendebar Day 1, Tale 17; Tubach 5326. 
*J2072.5.1. Short-sighted wish. Camel wishes for horns. Punishment: his 

ears are cropped instead. Esopete p. 121; Tubach 838. 
*J2072.5.2. Short-sighted wish. Bees wish for lethal sting. Punishment: 

their sting is suicidal instead. Esopete p. 112. 
J2074. Twice the wish to the enemy. (The covetous and the envious.) A 

can have a wish, but B will get twice the wish. A wishes to lose an 

eye so that B may be blind. a.b.c. 217; Esopete p. 125; Especulo 

328.228-29; Alexandre cc. 2360-65; Tubach 560. 
J2080. Foolish bargains. 

*J2084. Buyer of sandalwood bums a small bit to convince seller that it 

is worthless in his town. Will take it for whatever seller will ask. 

Seller learns it is worth weight in gold. Seller asks impossible task or 

return of merchandise. Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22. 
J2092. The trusted porters. Man finds treasure but is robbed by porters 

he has hired to free him from trouble of canying it. Calila pp. 91-92; 

Exemplario 2r. 
J2100. Remedy worse than disease. 

J2102.3. Bald man aims at fly. Hurts his head. Esopete p. 52; Tubach 

458. 
*J2102.3.1. Heretic aims at fly that lights on head. Hits it so many times 

that heretic dies. Gatos 6. 
J2103. Expensive extermination of rodents. 

J2103.1. The cat to guard the cheese. Man puts cat in chest to keep 

mouse from eating cheese. Cat kills mouse and then eats cheese. 

Gatos 16; Especulo 65.45-46; Tubach 886. 
J2107. Taming the bull by cutting off its horns. It makes him more vio- 
lent. Esopete p. 126. 
J2 112.1. Young wife plucks husband's grey hairs. Old wife his black. Soon 

all are gone. Esopete p. 113; Tubach 2401. 
*J21 19.1.2. Man asked friend for advice for eye pain. Take them out and 

put them in your pocket. a.b.c. 76; Tubach 1952. 
J2120. Disregard of danger to objects (or animals). 

J2129.3. Getting all the eggs at once. Hen lays golden eggs; is killed. 

Alexandre c. 143. 
J2130. Foolish disregard of personal danger. 

*J2131.1.2. Blind men given pig on the condition they beat it to death 

88 MOTIF INDEX OF 



with sticks. They beat each other instead. a.b.c. 64; Tubach 698. 
*J2 121.1.4. Numskull deceived into removing eyes to cure headache, a. h. c. 

76; Tubach 1952. 
*J2131.5.8. Disregard of danger. Lamb disregards danger of seeking 

refuge among wolves when fleeing dogs. Alexandre c. 1780. 
J2132.5. Animal allows self to be tied to another's tail and is dragged to 

death. Esopete pp. 24, 34; Tubach 3425. 
J2133. NumskuU faUs. 

J2 133.9. Blind men fall into abyss. A blind man, accepting as his guide 

another blind man, falls with him into abyss. Lucanor Ex. 34; Tu- 
bach 701. 
J2135. Numskull starves self. 

*J2135.1.1. Members to starve belly. This brings about death of entire 

body. Esopete p. 66; Tubach 570. 
J2136. Numskull brings about own capture. 

J2136.5.1. Thief stops to admire beautiful things before stealing them. 

Caught. a.b.c. 101; Disciplina 30; Tubach 4782. 
*J2136.5.10. Careless thief in poor man's house steals last bit of poor 

man's flour. Putting it imder his cape he drops goods stolen else- 
where. Poor man attacks thief who leaves without cape and stolen 

items. Exemplario 4r-4v; Calila pp. 96-97. 
J2137. Death through lack of foresight. 

J2 137.1. The louse invites the flea. The flea bites the man and jumps 

away. The bed is searched, and the louse killed. Calila p. 152. 
J2137.5. Sheep killed by butcher, who they are persuaded will spare them. 

They betray each other. Esopete p. 76. 
*J2 137.5.1. Young rams butchered because they did not heed advice of 

elders. Esopete p. 78. 
*J2 137.8. Tiger as proposed defender of other animals is unexpectedly 

wounded by well-hidden hunter's arrow. Esopete p. 123. 
*J2 159.1. Man inattentive to the danger of drowning persists in crossing 

river overburdened by load of precious stones. Drowns. Lucanor Ex. 

38. 
*J2 159.2. Man loads selfyfixh such heavy burdens that the weight causes 

his death, a.b.c. 260 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 2135. 
J2160. Other shortsighted acts. 
J2172. Shortsightedness in caring for livestock. 

J2 172.1. The shepherd who cried "Wolf too often. When the wolf really 

comes, no one believes him. Esopete p. 111. 
J2175. Shortsightedness in dealing with children. 

J2175.4. Man lets son play in river. Son drowns, and man drowns trying 

to save him. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 3. 
J2190. Absurd shortsightedness: miscellaneous. 

J21 99.4.1. Fool protects shoes. Treads on thorns to protect shoes and 

hurts feet. a.b.c. 37; Tubach 4351. 
*J2 199.5. Greedy husband supplies wife to an inexperienced fat prince be- 
cause he believes him to be impotent. When the prince and the wo- 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 89 



man evidently enjoy each other, the husband kills himself. Sendebar 

Day 4, Tale 9. 
J220O-J2259. Absurd lack of logic. 
J2211. Logical absurdity based upon certain false assumption. 

*J221 1.5. Man shows lion a picture of a lion overcome by a man. Lion not 
convinced. Later in amphitheater he defeats the man. Esopete pp. 78- 
79. 

J2238. Book gives wisdom. A man believes himself wise because he has 
a book that he uses but does not vmderstand. Calila pp. 92-93. 

*J2238.1. Fool asks for rhetorical rule. Given Ciceronian rule, memorizes 
it, and recites it to audience instead of applying it. Exemplario 2r, 
Calila p. 92. 
J2260-J2299. Absurd scientific theories. 
J2273. Absurd theories concerning the sky. 

J2273.1. Bird thinks sky will fall if it does not support it. Leaf falls on feet 
and frightens it. Gatos 3. 
J230(H2349. GuUible fools. 

*J2301.4. Gullible husband and wife both believe evil old woman. a.b.c. 
370 (not in Paris MS); Lucanor Ex. 42; Tubach 5361. 

*J230 1.4.1. Gullible husband believes wife's accoimt of an admonitory 
dream. Her actions have saved him. Sendebar Day 6, Tale 16. 

*J2301.4.2. Gullible husband. Heron finds spot where fish abound. 
Wants it all to himself and his family. Heron wife tells her fiiend (a 
curlew) to pretend to be willing to share another such spot with hus- 
band. Husband invites curlew. Calila p. 339. 

*J2301.4.3. Husband hides under wife's bed. She spends night with lover 
and tells lover how much she loves husband. In morning, gullible 
husband commiserates with her over her sleepless night and urges 
her to stay in bed. Calila p. 241. 

*J2301.4.4. Husband's good eye treated so that lover can depart. Had re- 
turned with one eye woxmded. a.b.c. 161; Disciplina 9; Esopete pp. 
147-48; Talavera 2.10.188; cf. Tubach 1943. 

*J2301.4.5. Wife outwits husband with extended sheet. Enables lover to 
leave house unseen, a.b.c. 162; Esopete p. 148; Disciplina 10. 

*J2301.4.6. Wife entertains lover during husband's absence. Husband re- 
turns and mother-in-law (guardian) counsels lover to pretend he is 
fugitive from street rufiSans. Disciplina M; Esopete pp. 145-46; Tu- 
bach 4692. 

*J2301.4.7. Husband locked out. Wife tricks husband into thinking she 
has drowned in well. He leaves, and she locks him out. a.b.c. 303; 
Disciplina 14; Talavera 2.1.147 n. 36; Tubach 5246. 

*J2301.4.8. The husband temporarily blinded so that lover can leave un- 
seen. Wife sprays his eyes with mother's milk. He hears noise; she 
tells him it is the cat. Talavera 2.10.188; cf Tubach 1943. 

*J2301.4.9. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. She has hus- 
band turn round to brush hair off his clothes. He hears lover leave; 
she tells him it is the cat. Talavera 2.10.188-89. 

90 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*J2301.4.10. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. Wife tips 
over candle, extinguishing it. Sends husband out for hght. Talavera 
2.10.189. 

*J2301.4.11. Wife's lover behind curtains. Husband returns home. Wife 
shows husband a new kettle she says has holes in it. Holds it in jfront 
of his eyes, slaps it loudly. Husband neither sees nor hears lover 
leave. Talavera 2.10. IS9. 

*J2301.4.12. Husband paints lamb on wife's stomach before leaving on trip. 
Stays away years; returns to find ram portrayed (painted by lover in 
his absence). Wife retorts: lamb had matured with the years. LBA cc. 
474-85. 

*J2304. Gullible priest believes tricksters who tell him that deer (bought 
for sacrifice) is dog. Calila p. 236; Esopete pp. 167-68; Tubach 2975. 

J2312. Naked person made to believe he is clothed. Tricksters pretend to 
make clothes for the emperor. Cloth is visible only to those of le- 
gitimate birth. None at court are willing to admit they cannot see it. 
Finally a slave who has nothing to lose tells emperor he is naked. Lu- 
canor Ex. 32; cf. Tubach 3577. 

*J2314.1. Gullible hermit believes apparition who tells him devil will 
come to him in shape of aged man holding a scythe. Mistakes father 
for devil and kills him. a.b.c. 87; Tubach 2570. 

J2315.2. Gullible husband made to believe he has cut off his wife's nose. 
Barber's wife, whose nose has been cut off when she took friend's 
place, returns home. Her husband made to believe that he has acci- 
dentally cut off her nose when he threw razor at her. Calila pp. 139- 
41; Exemplario \Av-\5r. 

*J2326.2.1. Gullible king believes false dream interpretation by his 
enemies. He is to kill family, relinquish sword and battle elephant. 
Calila p. 282; Exemplario 12r-12v. 

J2338. 1 . Cuckold made to believe that God is donor of fine things that wife's 
lover has given them. Esopete p. 149. 

*J2339. Trickster fox convinces wolf to ask mule its identity, its paren- 
tage, its name, knowing that mule will say that the information is on 
hoof. Wolf kicked. Esopete p. 85; Tubach 3432. 

*J2342.6. Wife convinces husband that he is guilty of breaking mutual fideli- 
ty pact, when she is found in compromising situation. Sendebar Day 
4, Tale 10. 
J2350-J2369. Talkative fools. 

J2357. Tortoise disregards warning and speaks. Loses grip on stick that 
holds it aloft as helpful birds carry it through the air. Calila p. 165; 
Exemplario 22v-2'ir, Tubach 1832. 
J2370-J2399. Inquisitive fools. 

J2378. What will the robber do? A man curious as to what a robber will 
do waits to intervene and falls asleep. Calila pp. 93-94; Exemplario 
2v. 
J2400-J2449. Foolish imitation. 
J2410. Types of foolish imitation. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 91 



J2412.1. Hot onion to the eye. Doctor had cvired his sore foot with this 
remedy, a.b.c. 283; Tubach 3530. 

J2413.1. Ass tries to caress master like the dog. He is driven off. Qifar pp. 
33-34; Esopete p. 38; LBA cc. 1401-8; Tubach 372. 

J2413.3. Daw tries to carry off sheep like eagle. Fails, claws are caught in 
fleece. Esopete p. 109; Tubach 2346 (raven and fat goose). 

*J24 13.5.1. The young fox tries to imitate a zvolf who has pulled down a 
colt. He tries to pull down a mare (but he) cannot get loose and is 
carried to owner who kills him. Esopete pp. 96-98. 
J2415. Foolish imitation of lucky person. 

*J2415.1.3. Good poet justifies his low birth. Tells king that a rose grows 
among thorns as he did among humble persons. King sends him 
away with many gifts. Bad poet justifies self because of high birth. 
Unrewarded, imitates other poet; tells king that rye grows among 
wheat. King sends him away without gifts. Disciplina 3. 

*J24 15.3.1. Crow wants to imitate ringdove. Seeks fiiendship of mouse. 
Denied because it is crow's nature to hunt mice. Exemplario 42z;; 
Calila pp. 205-6. 

*J2415.8. Man hides in tree to overhear animal's secrets, as had his com- 
panion who had reaped great rewards from king for revealing them. 
Is mistaken for companion and is killed by animals for having re- 
vealed secrets. Gatos 28. 

*J2416.1. Humble man becomes king. Tries to eat like a king. Falls ill. 
a.b.c. 81; Tubach 3843. 
J2450-J2499. Literal fools. 
J2460. Literal following of instructions. 

*J2461.1.9. Literal fool. Monk sent to fetch manure complains that the 
pile is near a lioness's den. Impatient abbot tells him to fetch lioness 
too. Monk does so. a.b.c. 317; Tubach 3075. 
J2466. Literal following of the count. 

J2466.1. Man drags heavy sack symbolic of sins. A man cannot remember 
the nxmiber of his sins. Puts a pebble in a sack for each. Comes to 
confession with three sacks of pebbles. a.b.c. 1; Tubach 4413. 

J2469.1. A lentil in the soup. "You said you wished a lentil soup; so I 
put one in. If you had wished more lentils, you should have said so." 
Esopete p. 10. 

*J2469.1.1. Food for master's most dearly beloved given to pet rather than 
to wife by literal-minded slave. Esopete pp. 11-12. 

*J2469. 1.1.1. Literal obedience. Slave tells master he should have 
specified exactly what sort of water he wanted and in what sort of 
vessel. Brings foul water in wrong vessel. Esopete p. 10. 

*J2469.1.2. Instructions followed literally. Master sends to know if bath- 
house is crowded. Slave reports only one man present. All others had 
stumbled over obstruction at entrance. Only one man acted to avoid 
danger. Others did not act like men. Tells master only one man is 
there. Esopete p. 14. 

*J2469.5.3. Literal obedience. Slave told that mistress's buttocks have 

92 MOTIF INDEX OF 



eyes, bares them while she sleeps so she can watch food on table. 
Esopete p. 16. 

*J2469.5.4. Literal obedience. Slave told to admit only wise men. Admits 
only one who does not fall into his verbal trap. Esopete p. 16. 

*J2469.6. Literal fool calls servant "devil" thereby calling upon a real de- 
mon, and orders him to loosen his boots. Real demon dissolves laces. 
a.b.c. 113;Tubach 1605. 

*J2469.7. Literal fool denies God. Devil's power is greater than God's be- 
cause devil put stone in his path. He is punished with paralysis and 
blindness. Cantigas 407. 
J2470. Metaphors literally interpreted. 

J2475. "Greasing the judge's palms." Woman misunderstands instruc- 
tions to grease bishop's hands. Literally applies oil to them. a.b.c. 95; 
Tubach2421. 



K. DECEPTIONS 



K0-K99. CONTESTS WON BY DECEPTION 

*K97.3. Batde won by deception. Dead hero's corpse arranged in saddle 
with mighty sword in hand to lead troops against enemy. Abreviada 
2.150-60. 

K100-K299. DECEPTIVE BARGAINS 

*K 17 1.0. 3. Wheat crop divided unfairly. Trickster covers partner's 
smaller share "to protect it." Partner returns the favor, moving sheet 
to larger share. Trickster gets the smaller share. Calila p. 95; Exem- 
plario 3r-3v. 

Kl 7 1 . 1 . Deceptive crop division: above the ground, below the ground. Truth 
takes the roots of jointly owned tree and lies takes the trunk and 
branches. Lucanor Ex. 26. 

K171.5. Deceptive division of animals. Evil tells Good to take the lambs; 
he will take the milk and wool; Evil will take piglets and give Good 
the milk and wool of pigs. Lucanor Ex. 43. 

*K 17 1.5.1. Deceptive division of vegetables. Evil takes turnip roots; Good 
the leaves. Evil takes leaves of cabbage, leaving roots to Good. Luca- 
nor Ex. 43. 

K171.7. Deceptive division of shared wife. Evil takes lower half of wife; 
Good takes upper half. Child begotten by lower half not permitted to 
nurse the top half, which belongs to Good. Lucanor Ex. 43; Tubach 
1921. 

*K171.10. Who will inherit apple tree? Eldest son will choose all that is 
straight and twisted; the second will choose all that is green and dry; 
the yovmgest will choose roots, trunk, and branches. Esopete pp. 94- 
96. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 93 



*K1 71.11. Who will inherit goat? Eldest wishes that goat be so large that 
it might be able to drink the seas dry; the second wishes that all the 
rope and wood in the world would not be enough to tie it; the 
youngest wishes that it be so large that an eagle in flight will see only 
the goat from on high. Esopete pp. 94—96. 

*K 17 1.1 2. Who will inherit the mill? The greatest liar. The eldest is so 
lazy that water that drips in his ear has caused his brains to leak out. 
Esopete pp. 94-96. 
K185. Deceptive land purchase. 

K185.1. Deceptive land purchase: ox-hide measure. Dido orders it to be 
cut in thin strips to outline large territory (Dido). Ilustres mujeres 
40.47r-49r; PCG 53.34-5; Ahreviada 1.16. 

K191. Peace between sheep and wolves. As condition for peace wolves de- 
mand that sheep send away dog guards. When unprotected, wolves 
kill sheep. a.b.c. 415; Esopete pp. 2, 19, 65; Tubach 5357. 

K192. Man helps horse against stag. Horse must agree to be saddled and 
bridled. Man then refuses to release him. Esopete pp. 11-1^; Tubach 
2619. 
K200-K249. Deception in payment of debt. 

K218.4. Devil cheated of promised soul by intervention of Virgin Mary. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.215. 
K220. Payment precluded by terms of the bargain. 

*K227. Price of horse and falcon to be doubled each day. When payment is 
due, payment is impossibly high. PCG 709.410; Abreviada 2.254. 
K230. Other deceptions in the payment of debt. 

*K231.2.2. Gem merchant hires assistant who sees harp. Asked to play it. 
Spends day playing harp. Merchant refuses payment but is reminded 
that he had requested music. Calila p. 113; Exemplario 9r. 

K231.3. Refusal to make sacrifice after need is past. Woman in labor 
promises to keep feast day. After she gives birth, she works on feast 
day and is paralyzed, a.b.c. 165; cf. Tubach 4138. 
K236. Literal payment of debt (not real). 

*K236.5. Money in the stick. Before swearing, debtor (ostensibly to free 
hands) hands a stick containing repayment of loan to lender. Swears 
he has repaid loan. Retrieves stick, a.b.c. 234; Tubach 3469. 
K264. Deceptive wager. 

*K264.3. Combat between wolf and hare. Hare bets he will defeat wolf. 
He outruns wolf, vmtil exhausted wolf can run no more. Wolf asks 
him why he hadn't stood and fought. Fleeing is his way of fighting. 
Gatos 58. 
K265. Other deceptions: miscellaneous. 

*K267. Woman mixes husked and unhusked barley together. Only she 
knows that dog has urinated on husked grain. Calila p. 212 n. 116. 

K300-K499. THEFTS AND CHEATS 
K305. Contest in stealing. 

K305.2.1. Friends enter into stealing contest. Friend marks own share; 

94 MOTIF INDEX OF 



other friend changes mark. Thieving friend steals own share. Calila 
pp. 95-96; Exemplario 3r-3v. 
K330. Means of hoodwinking owner or guardian. 

*K33 1.1.1. Dog hoodwinked into letting wolf Ml sheep. Made to think that 
shepherds will feed him more if he appears weak. Esopete pp. 93-94. 

K334.1. Raven (crow) with cheese in its mouth. The fox flatters it into 
singing so that it drops the cheese, a.b.c. 11; LBA cc. 1437-43; Eso- 
pete p. 37; Lucanor Ex. 5; Tubach 2177. 

*K334.1.1. Small dog gives bed to larger dog who speaks sweetly to her. 
Large dog keeps bed. Esopete p. 35. 

*K335.1.0.2. Frightened thief leaves sheet behind. He extends sheet to 
catch few wheat grains in poor man's house. Chased away, leaves 
sheet behind. Calila pp. 96-98. 

*K335.1.0.3. Thief comes to rob poor man. Finds only a bit of flour. Poor 
man, enraged, attacks thief, who leaves behind spoils from other 
houses. Exemplario 4r-4v. 

*K344. 1.5. Owner persuaded that deer (goat) is worthless dog by tricksters. 
Calila p. 236; Exemplario 55r; Esopete pp. 167-68; Tubach 2975. 
K345. Sympathetic helper robbed. 

K345.2. Thief sent into well by trickster. A weeping boy tells a passing 
thief that he had lost a silver cup in well. The thief takes off his 
clothes and goes after the cup, intending to keep it. He finds 
nothing. When he comes up child has stolen his clothes. Esopete p. 
125. 

K346. Thief trusted by cleric to guard goods steals them and runs off. 
Calila p. 138; Exemplario 13?;. 
K354. Trickster asks hospitality; expels owner. 

*K354.2. Alexander, disguised as knight, steals host's golden flatware. 
Caught. Says that in Alexander's court it is customary to give flat- 
ware to guests. Shames royal host. a.b.c. 34; Tubach 112; cf U45. 
K400. Thief escapes detection. 

K40 1.1.1. Trail of stolen goods made to lead to victim. Heron counseled by 
crab to free itself from snake's depredation: leave trail of fish leading 
to snake's nest. Mongoose follows trail, kills snake and her yoxmg, 
and then kills heron and her yoimg. Calila p. 173. 

K401.2. Stolen goods taken to dupe's house. Book hidden in bedchamber. 
Dupe is accused, a.b.c. 117; Tubach 2431. 

K401.2.2. Crow drops necklace in snake's hole. Leads hunters there. 
Calila p. 145; Exemplario 15t;. 

K402.3. The ass without a heart. Jackal (fox) tells sick lion that ass's 
heart and ears are a cure for illness. Brings him an ass, who escapes. 
Lion recaptiares and kills ass. Jackal eats ears and heart; tells lion that 
ass had neither ears nor heart. Calila pp. 259-61; Exemplario 64v- 
e5v; LBA cc. 892-906; Tubach 717. 
K420. Thief loses goods or is detected. 

K427.1. Clever animal betrays thief. Horse catches arm of thief and holds 
on until help comes. a.b.c. 242; Tubach 2608. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 95 



K439. Thief loses goods or is detected: miscellaneous. 

K439.3. Thief tricked into robbing self. Has covered companion's goods 
with a sheet to mark them. Companion misunderstands, switches the 
sheet to protect the other's goods. Calila pp. 95-96; Exemplario 3r- 
3v. 
K440. Other cheats. 

*K44 1.3.1. Lawyer takes two fees in a single case. Higher fee wins greater 
support, a.b.c. 309; cf Tubach 2851. 

K444. Dream bread: the most wonderful dream. Three pilgrims (two 
townsmen and a rustic) agree that the one who has the most wonder- 
ful dream shall eat the last loaf Rustic eats it and in morning tells 
others he had dreamt they were dead. a.b.c. 98; Esopete p. 142; Dis- 
ciplina 19; Especulo 532.420-21; Tubach 1789. 

K445. The emperor's new clothes. Tricksters pretend to make clothes for 
the emperor. Cloth is visible only to those of legitimate birth. None 
at court are willing to admit they cannot see it. Finally a slave who 
has nothing to lose tells emperor he is naked. Lucanor Ex. 32; cf. 
Tubach 3577. 

K451.3. Concealed confederate as unjust witness. Rogue and dupe hide 
money imder a tree. Rogue steals it; accuses dupe of theft; enlists 
confederate to hide in tree hollow to testify against dupe. Judge sets 
fire to tree smoking out confederate. Calila p. 171; Exemplario 2(>v- 
llr. 
K475. Cheating through equivocation. 

*K475.4. Saintly bridegroom determined to remain chaste tells new bride he 
is going to the Holy Sepulcher, the name of a nearby church. He 
leaves for the Holy Land. San Alejo p. 101. 
K476. Cheating by substitution of worthless articles. 

*K476.1.3. Gold deposited with monk (Julian the Apostate) for safekeeping. 
He replaces gold with ashes and flees. Especulo 54.37-38. 

K476.2. False articles used to produce credit. Chests filled with stones left 
as deposit. a.b.c. 163; Esopete pp. 139-41; Disciplina 15; CMC w. 
65-212; cf Tubach 965. 
K477. Attention secured by trickery. 

*K477.4. Entry into enemy's camp by pretending to be angered by mistreat- 
ment at hands of own camp. Crow, battered and bloody, offers services 
to owls. Calila pp. 224-52; Exemplario 53v-5(iv; Lucanor Ex. 19; 
Tubach 1358. 

K500-K699. ESCAPE BY DECEPTION 
K510 Death order evaded. 

*K5 11.1.1. Death avoided by trickery. Alexander vows to sacrifice first 
thing seen. Man on ass convinces him that ass is seen first. a.b.c. 
11 8; Tubach 131, 3289. 
K512. Compassionate executioner. 

*K5 12. 0.1.1. Compassionate executioner spares calumniated wife and 
abandons seven princelings instead of killing them, Ultramar 1. 1 .55.92. 

96 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*K512.0.1.2. Compassionate executioner. Spares young woman. Uses 
dog's heart as proof. Ultramar 1.2.43.562. 

*K5 12.0.3. Compassionate executioner. Servants charged with killing the 
infant hero are touched by his beauty and leave him in care of shep- 
herds. Alexandre cc. 355-56. 

K512.1.1. Compassionate executioner. King's counselor spares life of 
king's favorite wife condemned to death hastily. Shows king bloody 
sword as proof of execution. Calila p. 280; Exemplario 12v. 

*K512.5. Compassionate executioner hides victim in tomb instead of killing 
him. Esopete p. 20. 

*K513. Execution of three knights. Three sentenced to be hanged: com- 
passionate one falsely repotted he had killed first one; second one did 
not bring the alleged assassin to justice; the third did not obey orders 
to kill the first, a.b.c. 222; Glosa 3.2.22.204; Tubach 4229. 
K520. Escape from danger by disguise, shamming, or substitution. 

K52 1.4.1. Disguise in clothes of other sex so as to escape (Wives of the 
Minias). Ilustres mujeres 29.36r-37^;; Alexandre cc. 410-16; PCG 
718.420-21. 

K521.6. Abbot escapes from lover's suspicious husband in disguise of priest. 
Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22. 

K522.4.1. Trout pretends to be dead. Floats on surface; thrown on bank 
near water is able to escape to safety. Calila p. 149; Exemplario 18r. 

*K523. 1.1. Hermit leaves cave to pray for soul of dead youth. Feigns mad- 
ness in order to be permitted to rettim to isolation of cave. a.b.c. 
405. 

*K525. 1 1 . Escape by substituting sand for treasure. Dido throws overboard 
sacks filled with sand to fool pursuers. PCG 52.33-34. 
K527. Escape by substituting another person in place of intended 

victim. 

*K527.3.1. Exchange of clothes between rich man and poor man. Rich man 
intent on giving up worldly life gives rich garments to poor pilgrim. 
San Alejo p. 101. 

K528.2. Escape by substituting self for another condemned to die. Holy man 
substitutes self for deacon held by enemy. a.b.c. 295; Tubach 4153. 
K544. Escape by fooling captor. 

K544. Monkey escapes death; it is custom to leave heart at home. Monkey 
responds to request for his heart (as remedy for turtle's ailing wife) 
that he has left it at home. Calila p. 258; Exemplario 64r. 
K550. Escape by false plea. 

K551.4. Escape by pretending to go for bath. Woman avoids sexual act by 
saying she must bathe first. Sendebar Day 1 , Tale 1 . 

*K551.29. Wolf is persuaded to kill ass where neighbors will not see to save 
him embarrassment. Esopete pp. 88-89. 

*K551.30. Flea pleads for liberty because biting is his nature. Plea is im- 
heeded. Esopete p. 113; Tubach 2081. 

K558. Man allowed to pick out tree to be hanged on. Cannot find one to 
his liking, a.b.c. 130; Tubach 4790. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 97 



*K558.3. Sentenced to have his eyes taken out, asked if he could select the 

instrument. Favor granted, but then he could not find a nail that 

suited him. a.b.c. 151; Tubach 1947. 
K561. Escape by persuading captor to talk (sing). 

*K561.0.2. Attempted escape by persuading captor that animal was only 

joking fails. Esopete pp. 88, 98. 
K561.1. Animal captor persuaded to talk and to release captive. Usually 

cock and fox, fox and wolf, or mouse and cat. Esopete p. 86. 
K56 1.1.1. Cat and cock debate usefulness to household. Cat: "Even so, I 

do not intend to fast." Esopete p. 110. 
*K561.1.1.1. Weasel pleads that she has kept man's house free of mice. Is 

killed anyway. Esopete p. 54; Tubach 5228. 
K561.2. Sheep (goats) persuade wolf to sing. LBA cc. 766-79; Esopete pp. 

91-93. 
*K574. Escape from invasion by convincing Alexander his campaigns will 

bring him enemies, a.b.c. 6; Tubach 139. 
K579. Escape by false plea: miscellaneous. 

K579.5.1. Wolf acts as judge before eating the rams. They are to go to 

the end of the field and run to him. They nm at him and kill him, 

LBA cc. 766-79; Esopete pp. 91-93. 
K600. Murderer or captor otherwise beguiled. 

*K601.3. Dove tells marauding fox she will not throw chicks down for her to 

eat. Fox must climb tall tree to get them. Fox does not climb tree. 

Calila p. 352. 
K604. The three teachings of the bird. In return for release from captivity, 

the bird gives the man three teachings. These usually mock the man 

for having released what he had. a.b.c. 124; Disciplina 22; (^ifarp. 76; 

Esopete pp. 142-43; Barlaam pp. 92-94; Tubach 322. 
K640. Escape by help of confederate. 

K640.1. Escape by help of son-in-law as confederate. Lucanor Ex. 25. 
K650. Other means of escape. 

K65 1 Fox escapes from well. Persuades wolf to descend into well in one 

bucket thereby rescuing fox in other. Esopete pp. 144-45; Disciplina 

23; Gatos 14; Tubach 5247; cf Tubach 2175. 
K652. Fox climbs from pit on wolfs back. Esopete p. 109; Tubach 5247. 

K700-K799. CAPTURE BY DECEPTION 
K713. Deception into allowing self to be fettered. 

K713.1.2. Animal allows self to be tied to another for safety. Carried to his 
death. LBA cc. 407-16; a.b.c. 358; Esopete pp. 24, 34, 86-87; Tu- 
bach 3425. 

*K7 13. 1.2.1. Animal allows self to be tied to another to gain importance. 
Wolf persuaded by captive ass to permit ass tied to him to follow 
him as his slave. Ass leads wolf to man. Esopete pp. 88-89. 

*K721 .2. Cock persuaded to descend from tree to receive kiss of fealty from 
deceitful fox. Eaten. Esopete pp. 63-64; Tubach 3629. 
K730. Victim trapped. 

98 MOTIF INDEX OF 



K730.3. Leopard traps lion by having two doors to cave, one large one, 
one small. Lion enters large entrance, and leopard leaves by small 
one and attacks back of lion. a.h.c. 210; Tubach 3014. 

K746. Birds allow selves to be captured in net because of greed for food. 
Castigos 1.36. 

*K746. 1. Fish swallow hook because of greed for bait. Castigos 1.36. 

*K747. Fleeing man's hair caught in tree limb. Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 (ADMYTE 80z;); Glosa 1.1.11.59-60. 

K800-K999. KILLING OR 2V1AI2VIING BY DECEPTION 
K810. Fatal deception into trickster's povt^er. 

K810.1. Fox lures wolf into lion's power telling lion that wolfs skin is cure 
for illness. Wolf had told Hon same story about skin of fox. Esopete 
pp. 90-91. 

*K81 0.1.1. Agreement between lion and man not to touch one another. 
Man ensnares lion and clubs him to death. Esopete pp. 98-100. 

*K810.1.2. Fox lures wolf (with story that moon's reflection is a cheese) into 
well and leaves him there, a.b.c. 363; Esopete pp. 144-45; Disciplina 
23;seeJ1791.3. 

*K81 1.3. Cruel king lured into enemy's power by invitation to false execu- 
tion of count's daughter. He speaks imprudently to crowd and is 
stoned to death. C^i/arpp. 99-100; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 
(ADMYTE 96r). 

K812.2. Men lured to their death when their fields are set on fire. Samson 
defeats them. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 22.138. 

K813.1. Curlew (whimbrel) leads lover to cave where a jackal (lion) kills 
and eats her. Calila p. 350; Exemplario 90r. 

*K813.3. Curlew convinces heron's wife to feed mate a fish with stick hidden 
in it. Husband dies. Calila p. 350; Exemplario 90r. 
KS15. Victim lured by kind words. 

K815.2. Spider invites wasp to rest on her "white curtain." Wasp caught 
in web is eaten. Gatos 29; Tubach 4571. 

K815.3. Dogs listen to wolves' hypocritical words. Are killed. Esopete pp. 2, 
19, 65. 

*K8 15.4.1. Vulture's birthday party. Vulture invites other birds to party 
and eats them. Esopete p. 78. 

K815.7. Cat acts as judge between sparrow and hare. Eats them both. Ca- 
lila p. 232; Exemplario 53v. 

K815.8. Hawk persuades doves to elect him king. Kills them. Esopete pp. 
49-50; cf. Tubach 1755, 3554. 

K815.13. Cat makes truce with mice. When time is up mice still do not 
leave. Cat eats them. Calila p. 347. 

K815.14. Fish tricked by crane into letting selves be carried from one pond 
to another. The crane eats them. Calila p. 143; Exemplario 16r-16t;. 

*K81 5.20. Fox tricks wading bird and kills him. Asks him to show how he 
protects self from cold. Puts head vmder wing and fox kills him. Cali- 
la p. 353; Exemplario 92r. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 99 



*K8 15.21. Fox tricks cock by gnawing tree trunk and slapping tail against 
it. Cock, convinced it is not safe, moves to other trees and is caught. 
Lucanor Ex. 12. 

K824. Sham doctor kills patient. Told to mix medicine for an ailing prin- 
cess, unwittingly includes a fatal poison in his concoction. King 
orders him to drink his own medicine. Calila p. 192; Exemplario 35 v. 

*K824.2. Devil tells monk to fast for 8 or 9 days. Almost dies. a.b.c. 4; 
Especulo 7.6-7; Tubach 1529. 
K827. Dupe persuaded to relax vigilance, seized. 

K828.1. Fox in sheepskin gains admission to fold and kills sheep. Gatos 25. 

K828.2. Fox, feigns illness, admitted to hen roost; kills the hens. Gatos 24. 

*K828.4. Brigands wear monk's garb to deceive traveling merchants. Mer- 
chants permit them to join their party and are robbed and killed. 
Gatos 26. 
K870. Fatal deception by narcotic (intoxication). 

K871.1. Slaughter of drunken enemies in banquet hall. Food and doctored 
wine left for them after feigned retreat. a.b.c. 420; Ilustres mujeres 
^1.5Ai>-55v (Tamires); Tubach 5304. 

K872. Judith and Holof ernes. Woman chosen to sleep with intoxicated 
general kills him in bed. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 83.217. 
K910. Murder by strategy. 

*K91 1.6. Young king feigns illness to lure traitors to his chambers. His cour- 
tiers kill them. Qifar p. 80. 
K940. Deception into killing own family or animals. 

K943. Hermit (deceived by devil) kUls his own father, supposing him to be 
the devil, a.b.c. 87; Tubach 2570. 
K950. Various kinds of treacherous murder. 

K952.1. Animal killed from within. Hydrus (fabulous water serpent) 
enters crocodile's mouth while it sleeps, bites its heart, and kills it. 
Gatos 13; see Tubach 1326. 

*K953.3.5. Crab learns crane intends to kill him. Squeezes bird's throat 
and kills him. Calila p. 143. 
K959. Other kinds of treacherous murder. 

*K959.7. Mother-in-law orders son-in-law to be shut in wine cellar and 
murdered there. a.b.c. 272; Tubach 2737. 
K960. Other fatal deceits. 

K961. Flesh of certain animal alleged to be only cure for disease; animal to 
be killed. Esopete pp. 67, 90-91; Calila pp. 259-61; Exemplario 64v- 
65?;. 

K961.1. Cure for illness is monkey's heart. Monkey and tortoise friends. 
Wife wants tortoise to abandon friend and return to her. Tonoise 
told that cure for wife's illness is monkey's heart. Calila p. 253; 
Exemplario (i?>v. 

K9 6 1.1.1 Tit for tat. Wolf tells sick lion that fox does not esteem him. Fox 
overhears it. Later fox tells lion that only cure lies in his wrapping 
himself in the wolfs skin. Wolf is killed. Esopete pp. 90-91. 

K962. Camel induced to offer self as sacrifice. Other animals pretend to 

100 MOTIF INDEX OF 



offer themselves to the lion as food. lion convinced of their vin- 
wholesomenesSj eats the camel. Calila p. 158; Exemplario 20r-20v. 

K975. Secret of strength treacherously discovered. Samson tricked to reveal 
it. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 22.138 (ADMYTE 80r). 

K978. Uriah letter. Man carries written order for his own execution. 
LBA cc. 258-59; PCG 738.435; Abreviada 2.282. 

K978.1.2. King sends woman's husband to battle in order to be able to se- 
duce her. (See K978, Uriah letter.) Sendebar Day 1, Tale 1; Lucanor 
Ex. 50; Tubach 1453; Talavera 1.17.101-2. 

K1000-K1199. DECEPTION INTO SELF-INJURY 
KIOIO. Deception through false doctoring. 

KlOll. Eye remedy. Under pretense of curing eyesight, crow blinds 
eagle. Gatos 31; Tubach 3530. 

Kl 1 1 . 1 . Fool tricked into curing headache by removing his eyes. a. b. c. 76. 

K1021. The tail fisher. The bear is persuaded to fish with his tail 
through a hole in the ice. When he is attacked and tries to escape, he 
loses his tail. Esopete pp. 90-91; Tubach 2074. 

Kl 022.1. Wolf overeats in the cellar (larder). Carmot escape through 
narrow opening. Esopete pp. 93-9 A; Especulo 11.8; Tubach 4092, 
5346. 
K1040. Dupe otherwise persuaded into voluntary self-injury. 

K1041. Borrowed feathers. Dupe lets self be carried aloft by bird and 
dropped. Esopete pp. 37, 119. 

K1054. Thief tricked into trying to climb down moonbeam. Man hearing a 
robber enter house tells his wife to ask him where he found his 
wealth. He answers that he said magic words and climbed down a 
moonbeam and climbed up again to enter through a window. Thief 
tries it and falls, a.b.c. 11; Disciplina 24; Calila pp. 109-11; Exem- 
plario 8r-Sv; Tubach 4778. 

*K 1075.1. Fox tricks wolf into asking questions of mule who kicks him to 
death. Esopete p. 85; Tubach 3432. 
K1080. Persons duped into injuring each other. 

K1081. Blind men duped into fighting each other. Given sticks and a pig, 
told to kill it. They hit each other when pig escapes. a.b.c. 64; Tu- 
bach 698. 

*K1 084.4.1. Calumniators cause king of carnivores and king of herbivores 
to fight. Both lose power. Lucanor Ex. 22; Calila p. 168; Exemplario 
13r. 

K1085. Woman makes trouble between husband and wife. Tells wife to in- 
crease her husband's love by cutting a hair firom his beard. Also tells 
husband that wife will try to cut his throat, a.b.c. 370 (not in Paris 
MS); Esopete pp. 149-151; Especulo 463.362; Lucanor Ex. 42; Tu- 
bach 5361. 
KlllO. Deception into self-injury. 

*K1111.4. Deception into self-injury. Lamb, fleeing dogs, seeks refuge 
among wolves. Alexandre c. 1780. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 101 



Kl 121.1. Lion (wolf) as sham doctor approaches too near to horse (to 

loosen smith's nail in hoof); kicked in face. Esopete p. 61; cf. Esopete 

pp. 85, 91-93; LBA cc. 298-303; Tubach 2605. 
Kl 121.2. Sow kicks wolf into stream when he comes to baptize her pigs. 

Thus she saves them from him. LBA cc. 766-79; Esopete pp. 91-93; 

Tubach 4554. 

K1200-K1299. DECEPTION INTO HUMILIATING POSITION 
K1210. Humiliated or bafQed lovers. 

K121 1. Virgil in the basket. A man who is to be pulled up to his lover's 
window is left hanging in the basket in the public gaze. LBA cc. 
261-68; Talavera 1.17.100-1. 

*K1 21 1.1.2. Man caught in a net. Descending from tower where he had 
been with a woman, is caught and left suspended for all to see. Tala- 
vera 1.17.03. 

K1215. Aristotle and Phyllis: philosopher as riding horse for woman. Phi- 
losopher warns against vixoriousness. In revenge, woman tricks 
philosopher into letting her ride him on all fours. Husband comes 
and sees them. Talavera 1.17.99-100; Tubach 328. 
K1227. Lover put off by deception. 

*K1 227.4.2. Clever woman tells amorous youth to strip off clothes, then 
shouts for neighbors. Tells him to lie down, puts chxmk of bread in 
mouth, douses him with water, and tells neighbors he had choked. 
Proves to him he knows nothing of womanly guile. Sendebar Day 8, 
Tale 18. 
K1240. Deception into humiliating position: miscellaneous. 

K1265. Parsimonious employer falsely reported insane when does not feed 
apprentice. No one will believe him. a.b.c. 102; Disciplina 20; Esopete 
pp. 151-52; Tubach 2753. 

*K1290. The dog and the sheep. Dog accuses sheep of having taken 
bread from him. Sheep convicted. Esopete p. 34. 

K1300-K1399. SEDUCTION OR DECEPTIVE MARRIAGE 
K1315. Seduction by impostor. 

K1315.1. Seduction by posing as a god. Woman tricked into offering self 
to god by deceitfiil priests in service of seducer. a.b.c. 385; Tubach 
4221. 
K1317. Lover's place in bed usurped by another. 

K1317.1. Serving-man in his master's place. Man devises disguise to en- 
ter woman's house safely. Servant uses disguise to lie with master's 
beloved. Master visits her, learns truth, beats servant, and destroys 
disguise. Calila p. 184; Exemplario 32v. 
K1340. Entrance into woman's (man's) room (bed) by trick. 

Kl 343.1. Man drawn up into female bedchamber in hsisket. LBA cc. 261- 
68; Talavera 1.17.100-1. 
K1350. Woman persuaded by trick. 

K1351. Weeping bitch. A procuress throws pepper in eye of bitch so that 

102 MOTIF INDEX OF 



she weeps. Procuress pretends to a virtuous woman that bitch is a 
woman transformed as punishment for failure to respond to her 
lover. Woman, fearful of similar transformation is persuaded, a.b.c. 
234 (not in Paris MS); Esopete pp. 146-47; Disciplina 13; Sendebar 
Day 4, Tale 10; Tubach 661. 

Kl 353.2. Woman deceived into seduction. Thinks that invader will spare 
her, but afterwards he discards her. a.b.c. 246; Tubach 1081. 

K1397. Lucretia seduced through threat. Sextus says he will kill her and 
leave a naked slave in her bed to bring dishonor to her house. She 
yields. Later kills herself. Ilustres mujeres 46.52z>-54z' (Lucrecia); a.b.c. 
62; Jardin pp. 257-58; Ghsa 2.1.19.94; Tubach 3095. 

K1500-K1599. DECEPTIONS CONNECTED 
WITH ADULTERY 

K1510. Adulterous wife outwits husband. 

K1511. The husband locked out, excessive precautions to assure wife's 
fidelity. Despite efforts, wife returns home late at night; her husband 
refuses to admit her. She threatens to throw herself in the well. Hus- 
band leaves house to see if she has drowned. She enters the house 
and bars him from house, a.b.c. 303; Disciplina 14; Talavera 2.1.147 
n. 36; Tubach 5246; see T481.9. 

K1512. The cut-off nose. Carpenter's wife has another woman, a barber's 
wife, take her place while she goes to her lover. Carpenter speaks to 
wife's friend, gets no answer and cuts off her nose. In the morning 
wife returns and still has nose. Husband made to believe it was re- 
stored miraculously. Barber's wife, whose nose has been cut off when 
she took friend's place, returns home. Her husband made to believe 
that he has accidentally cut off her nose when he threw razor at her. 
Calila pp. 139-41; Exemplario 14z^l5r; see T481.10 

K1514.1 The husband in the chicken house (dovecote). Husband retvims 
unexpectedly and surprises his wife with her lover. She makes the 
husband believe he is pursued and hides him in the chicken house. 
Esopete pp. 1 48-49; see T48 1 . 1 1 . 

K1516. Wife outwits husband with extended sheet. Lover leaves house un- 
seen, a.b.c. 162; Esopete p. 148; Disciplina 10; Tubach 4319; see 
T481.20. 

K1516.1. The husband's good eye treated so that lover can leave house 
unseen, a.b.c. 161; Disciplina 9; Esopete pp. 147-48; Talavera 
2.10.188; cf Tubach 1943; see T481.12. 

*K1 5 16.1 .2. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. She has hus- 
band turn round to brush hair off his clothes. He hears lover leave; 
she tells him it is the cat. Talavera 2.10.188-89; see T481.14. 

K1516.3. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. Wife tips over 
candle extinguishing it. Sends husband out for light. Talavera 
2.10.189; seeT481.15. 

K1516.7. Wife washes husband's hair. Lets lover escape while husband 
is thus blinded. Talavera 2.10.188-89. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 103 



K1516.8. Wife shows husband new kettle to look for hole in it. Holds it in 
front of his eyes, slaps it loudly. Husband neither sees nor hears lover 
leave. Talavera 2.10.189; see T481.16. 

K1516.9. Wife shows husband how full her breasts are of milk. She squirts 
milk in his eyes and lets lover escape. Talavera 2.10.188; see 
T481.13. 
K1517. Lover escapes by disguise. 

K1517.1. Two lovers are pursuer and fugitive. Wife is visited by two 
lovers. When the husband arrives, one goes out with drawn sword 
and the other hides in house. She convinces her husband that she 
has given refuge to a fugitive. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 5; Tubach 4693; 
seeT481.17. 

Kl 5 17. 1.2. Wife entertains lover during husband's absence. Husband re- 
turns and mother-in-law (guardian) counsels lover to pretend he is 
fugitive from street ruffians. Disciplina 11; Esopete pp. 145-46; Tu- 
bach 4693; see T48 1.1 8. 

K1517.6. Husband returns while abbot is in house. Errant wife enlists aid 
of friar who brings extra habit next day. Abbot escapes wearing friar's 
habit. Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22; see T481.19. 

K1518. The enchanted pear tree. Wife and lover are up in tree. Blind 
husband hears them and prays to Jupiter for restoration of sight. 
Prayer is answered. Wife convinces cuckold that her adultery con- 
vinced Jupiter to grant his wish. Esopete p. 147; Tubach 3265; see 
T481.21. 

*K1518.1.1. Husband made to believe that birth of child to wife who has 
committed adultery is a gift from God. Esopete p. 149; cf. Tubach 971. 
K1521. Lover successfully hidden from husband. 
K1532. Gullible husband under bed. 

K1532.1. Wife, in bed with lover, knows that husband is hiding under 
bed. Tells lover how much she loves husband. Calila p. 241; Exem- 
plario 51 r, Esopete p. 168; see T481.22. 

Kl 536. Wife drugs husband's wine and has husband made monk while he 
is unconscious, so as to get rid of him. a.b.c. 304; Tubach 1803. 

K1543. The marked cloth in the wife's room. A go-between obtains a 
woman for a client by leaving a marked cloth in woman's house. 
Husband beats woman; she leaves and is tricked into thinking that 
sex with the go-between's client will help her solve her problem. 
Go-between tells husband that she had left the cloth in his house, 
and husband is deceived. Sendebar Day 5, Tale 13. 

*K1 544.2. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Greedy 
husband supplies his wife to an inexperienced fat prince because he 
believes him to be impotent. When the prince and the woman evi- 
dendy enjoy each other, the husband kills himself. Sendebar Day 4, 
Tale 9. 

*K1 544.2.1. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Believes 
that wife will spend night with god, Anubis, not with trickster posing 
as god. a.b.c. 385; Tubach 4221. 

104 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*K1 544.2.2. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Wife's 
lover (an apothecary) substitutes earth for needed medicine. Wife 
returns with packet; tells husband she was run down by a horse on 
way and lost money. Used a sieve to find missing money and could 
not find it. Husband replaces money. Exemplario 28u. 
K1580. Other deceits connected with adultery. 

*K1 584.1 Maidservant is go-between for knight who wants to seduce an- 
other's wife. Convinces wife to don magic slippers sent by suitor. Can- 
tigas 64. 

K1600-K1699. DECEIVER FALLS INTO OWN TRAP 

K1612. Message of death fatal to messenger. Man is sent to kiln where 
attendants have been instructed to throw the first arrival into oven. 
Intended victim stops to pray and is delayed. Messenger sent to in- 
quire about execution is first arrival and is burned instead, a.b.c. 8. 

K1613. Poisoner poisoned with own poison. Calila p. 192; Exemplario 35v. 

K1613.1. Person trying to blow poison into another's nose accidentally 
poisoned. Victim sneezes and poison enters throat of poisoner. Calila 
p. 138. 

*K1613.6. Man, posing as physician, mixes a fatal poison in medication 
for princess. She dies and king orders him to drink his own medi- 
cine. Calila p. 192. 
K1626. Would-be-kiUers kiUed. 

*K1 632.1. Animal victim of own ruse. Heron leaves trail leading mon- 
goose to snake's nest. Snake killed but heron and young also killed. 
Calila^. 173. 

K1635. Partnership between partners Evil and Good. Evil cheats his part- 
ner. Takes lower half of wife; Good takes upper half. Child begotten 
by lower half not permitted to nurse fi-om top half, which belongs to 
Good. Lucanor Ex. 43; cf. Lucanor Ex. 26. 

K1667. Dishonest banker deceived into delivering deposits by making him 
expect even larger. Refuses to return traveler's money chest. Traveler 
sends friends with ten chests filled with stones to make false deposit. 
In order to make the impression of honesty in the presence of new 
depositors, banker agrees to return traveler's money chest. a.b.c. 163; 
Disciplina 15; Esopete pp. 139-40; Tubach 3355, 4969. 

*K1 667.2. Money lenders deceived into accepting chests filled with sand 
as surety for loan. CMC w. 65-212. 

K 168 1.1. Originator of death first sufferer. Inventor of death machine is 
first to use it. Cruel tyrant orders him to be first victim. a.b.c. 316; 
cf. Tubach 3134. 

*K1 684.1 Rich man wants relic of Sl Augustine. Guardian of relics gives 
him finger, saying it was Augustine's. God impressed by rich man's 
faith and good works, substitutes a real relic. Guardian denies its 
authenticity and is punished, a.b.c. 103. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 05 



K1700-K2099. DECEPTIONS THROUGH SHAMS 
K1710. Ogre (large animal) overawed. 

K1715.1. A weak animal shows a powerful one his reflection and frightens 
him. Tells him that this animal is threatening to kill him (usually hare 
and lion). Calila p. 146; Exemplario \lr-\lv. 

K1716. Hare as ambassador of the moon. Hare tells elephants that moon 
disapproves of their mistreatment of weaker animals. Shows elephant 
king moon's reflection in spring. Elephant drinks from spring, dis- 
turbs water, and believes that moon is angry. Calila p. 230; Exem- 
plario 52z;. 
K1771. Bluffing threats. 

*K1771.10. Cleric threatens devils with imprisonment in flask if they do 
not obey him. Cantigas 125. 

*K1775. Bluff: insult repeated as harmless remark. The trickster makes an 
insulting remark, but when called on to repeat what he said, he 
changes it so as to turn aside wrath. Esopete pp. 88, 98. 

*K1 784.3. Sandpipers and sea. Sea washes away fledglings. Sandpipers 
enlist aid of the king of the birds {falcon oriol) to confront the sea 
who relents and returns young to their parents. Calila p. 164] Exem- 
plario 22?;. 
K1800-K1899. Deception through disguise or illusion. 
K1810. Deception through disguise. 

*K1 8 10.2.1. Ram wears mastiff's skin to protect herd from wolves. De- 
tected. Esopete p. 98. 

*K1 8 10.2.2. Cat who had killed all but one mouse in monastery wears 
monks' robes, takes place at monks' table to catch big mouse. Mouse 
believes cat to be merciful now that he is monk. Cat eats mouse. 
Gatos 9; Tubach 888. 
K1811. Gods in disguise visit mortals. 

*K1 8 11.0.3. Christ in guise of poor man comes to saint's household. Is 
fed. a.b.c. 136. 

*K1811.0.4. Angel in guise of beggar comes to saint. Given money and 
valuables. a.b.c. 137. 

*K1811.4.3. Abbot deceived by devil disguised as angel. Told to create di- 
visive rules in monastery, a.b.c. 4; Tubach 19. 

*K1 811.6. Angel appears to saint as man who has lost everything in ship- 
wreck; is given alms. Later comes to him as his guardian angel, a.b.c. 
137. 
K1815. Disguise. 

Kl 8 15. 1.1. Pious pilgrim dies unknown in his father's house, until letter 
clutched in hand is read. San Alejo pp. 78-79. 

*K1815.3. Calumniated courtier advised by his counselor to dress as pil- 
grim to convince king of his loyalty and willingness to accompany 
him on retreat from world. a.b.c. 215 (not in Paris MS); Lucanor Ex. 
1; Barlaam pp. 25-29. 

K1832. Disguise by changing voice. Wolf tries to fool kids by assuming 
mother goat's voice. Fails. Esopete p. 51. 

106 MOTIF INDEX OF 



Kl 837.7. Woman (St. Eugenia) living disguised as man and unrecognized 
in a monastery becomes abbot, a.b.c. 158; Tubach 1915. 

*K1 837.8.2. Widowed queen masquerades as son who is heir to throne ruling 
in his stead. Once in power, drops imposture and rules on her own. 
Eustres mujeres 2.6r-8r (Semiramis)j Tubach 4224. 
K1840. Deception by substitution. 
K1841. Virgin Mary substitutes for a mortal. 

K1841.3. Virgin Mary takes place of woman whose husband had pledged 
her to devil. a.b.c. 268; Cantigas 216; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
83.216; Tubach 5283. 
K1860 Deception by feigned death (sleep). 

*K1867.1.1. Cat feigns death in order to catch mice. Detected. Esopete 
pp. 110-11; cf. Tubach (fox feigns death) 2176. 
K1900-K1999. Impostures. 
K1911. The false bride. 

Kl 91 1.3.7. False bride detected when her mother comes to see her. She 
does not have joined toes of real bride. Ultramar 1.2.43.566 
K1955. Sham physician. 

*K1 955.0.1. Sham physician. Wolf offers to help pregnant sow. De- 
tected. Esopete p. 50; Tubach 4554. 

*K1955.0.2. Sham physician. lion offers to cure horse. Is kicked. Eso- 
pete p. 61; Tubach 2605. 

*K1955.0.3. Sham physician. Wolf visits sick ass. "Where does it hvirt?" 
"Where you touch me." Esopete p. 78. 

*K1 955.0.4. Frog attempts to be a great physician. Shamed by fox. Esopete 
p. 120; Tubach 1692. 

*K1 955.2.2. Crow offers to cure eagle's eyes. Applies onion juice, blinds it, 
eats its young. Gatos 31; Tubach 1833. 

*K1955.10. Sham physician tells emperor he has universal cures: an 
herb to drink, an unguent, and a powder for baths. Needs two hun- 
dred camels to fetch herbs from a distant place. Must go alone. Qifar 
pp. 127-28. 
K1961. Sham clerical person. 

Kl 96 1.2.1. Woman in disguise becomes pope (Pope Joan). Rustres mujeres 
101.103r-103t;; Tubach 2813. 

*K1961.6. Wolf as monk. Wolf attired as monk says "cordero" or "car- 
nero" instead of "paternoster." Gatos 19; Tubach 5338. 

*K1961.7. Cat as monk. Wears monks' robes, takes place at monks' 
table to catch big mouse. Mouse believes cat to be merciful now that 
he is monk. Cat eats mouse. Gatos 9; Tubach 888. 
K1962. False prophet. 

Kl 962.1. Mohammed trains dove to eat grains of wheat placed in Moham- 
med's ear. Tells people that dove is God's messenger. Castigos 
21.128; Tubach 1762. 

*K1 962.2. Mohammed convinces new wife that palsy is message from the 
angel Gabriel. Castigos 21.130. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 107 



*K 1962.3. Mohammed took servant's wife. Told all that the angel Gabriel 
had sent her to him. Castigos 21.131-32. 

*K1 966.2. Alchemist. Trickster convinces king he can transfonn lead in- 
to gold. Needs ten camels loaded with silver to purchase needed in- 
gredients, ^ifarpp. 128-29; LucanorEx. 20; Tubach 89. 
K2000-K2099. Hypocrites. 

K2010.3. Wolves sign false truce with sheep. Dogs to be dismissed. After 
the dogs have been dismissed, the wolves devour the sheep. Esopete 
pp. 2, 19, 65; Tubach 5357. 
K2030. Double dealers. 

K2031.1. Dog at master's table is friendly to guests. On the street growls 
at them, a.b.c. 208; Tubach 1703. 

*K2031.2. Snake helps man and then harms him. Farmer tramples snake. 
Snake prophesies weather, and man finds his advice profitable. When 
man sends child to reward snake, the reptile kills child. Esopete pp. 
89-90; Tubach 4251. 

*K2031.3. Bat tries to be bird, then to be quadruped. Esopete p. 62; Tu- 
bach 501. 

K2041.1. Double-dealing physician offers to poison king if king's enemy 
will pay him. Enemy refuses and sends him as prisoner to king. Glosa 
1.2.12.122; a.b.c. 315; Tubach 3761. 

K2042. Crow goes to owls saying crows have cast him out. Having learned 
secret hiding places of owls, returns to crows and leads them to vic- 
tory over owls. Calila p. 237; Exemplario 53z;-56z;; Lucanor Ex. 19; 
Tubach 1358. 
K2052. False modesty. 

K2052.1. Bride insists upon wearing chemise to bed. Husband must wear 
underclothes. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 17r). 
K2058. Pretended piety. 

*K2058.3. Elderly monk about to die, admits that he had always eaten 
when they thought he had been fasting, a.b.c. 438; Especulo 8.7; 
Tubach 1850. 

*K2058.4. Hypocritical cleric participates passively in sexual acts with 
widow. Exculpated because he did nothing actively. Esopete p. 165. 
K2060. Detection of hypocrisy. 

K2061.1. Wolf acts as shepherd: plan detected. Wolf to guard sheep while 
shepherd is away kills and eats them. On return, shepherd sees wolfs 
tooth marks in skins. Gatos 21; Tubach 5343. 

K206 1.1.1. Wolf proposes abolition of dog guards for sheep. Plan detected 
too late. a.b.c. 415; Esopete pp. 2, 19, 65. Tubach 5357. 

*K2061 . 1 .2. Shearer pretends that wolf has eaten woman's sheep. She prays 
to Virgin Mary and then hears sheep bleat revealing its presence. 
Cantigas 147. 

K2061.4. Wolf tries to entice goat from high place: plan detected. Esopete 
pp. 125-26; cf. Tubach 2309. 

K2061.6. Wolf offers to act as midwife for sow. Plan detected. LBA cc. 
766-79; Esopete p. 50; Tubach 4554. 

108 MOTIF INDEX OF 



K2061.9. Cat hangs on wall pretending to be dead. Mice detect plan. 
Esopete pp. 110-11. 

K2062. Thief tries to feed watchdog and stop his mouth. Dog detects plan. 
Esopete p. 50; LBA cc. 166-80. 

*K2064.1. "Holy" hermit revealed as sinner. Is owner of blasphemous 
portrait of Jesus hidden in secret chamber. Talavera 4.1.262-67. 
K2090. Other hypocritical acts. 

*K2094.1. Dogs are hypocrites. Beg for morsels at table but are in- 
different when there is no food. a.b.c. 208; cf. Tubach 1703. 

K2100-K2199. FALSE ACCUSATIONS 

K2101 . Falsely accused minister reinstates himself hy his cleverness. He fol- 
lows advice of his own adviser and deceives king. a.b.c. 75; Barlaam 
pp. 26-31; Lwcanor Ex. 1. 

*K2101 . 1 . Falsely accused royal physician vindicated by royal trust. Alex- 
andre cc. 902-13; Glosa 1.2.13.124; Tubach 134. 

*K2101.2. Falsely accused minister reinstated because of devotion to Vir- 
gin Mary. King's investigator proves him innocent. Cantigas 97. 

*K2103. Letter said to have been written by priest is false evidence of 
treason. Virgin Mary's intervention proves his innocence. Cantigas 
206, 265; a.b.c. 273, 391; Tubach 2419. 

*K2 1 03. 1 . Woman vendor falsely accused of stealing ring left in pawn for mer- 
chandise. Accuser lost it in river; recovered in fish's belly. Cantigas 369. 

*K2105. Boy substitutes crow's egg for stork's. Mother stork accused of 
adultery is stoned by other fledglings, a.b.c. 13. 
K2110. Slanders. 

*K2 110.2. Son, denied horse by mother, accuses her of infidelity to his 
father. She is fi-eed firom prison by intervention of wise man at court. 
Abreviada 2.333. 

K2111. Potiphar's wife. Empress demands sex firom courtier. Spumed, 
accuses him of rape, a.b.c. 365; Sendebar pp. 74-76. 

K21 1 1 .5. Mother importunes son sexually. Denied, she falsely accuses him 
of trying to rape her. a.b.c. 172; Tubach 2734. 

K21 1 1.6. Young woman falsely accuses saint of having fathered her child. 
a.b.c. 89; Especulo 436.330-31; Tubach 648. 

*K2 11 1.6.1. Widow falsely accuses St. Eugenia of rape (thinking she is 
man), a.b.c. 158; Tubach 1915; cf. Tubach 3380. 
K2112. Woman slandered as adulteress. 

*K21 12.0.1. Woman falsely accused of adultery by her husband. Prayer for 
sign that husband lied is answered; he develops leprosy as pimish- 
ment for calumny. Lucanor Ex. 44. 

*K21 12.0.2. Susanna and the elders. Lustfial elders accuse woman falsely 
of adultery. Prophet Daniel proves they have lied. Glosa 2.2.6.148; 
Castigos 9.69; Tubach 4684. 

*K2 112.0.3. Woman falsely accused of adultery by husband. Knives fail 
three times to cut her throat. After fourth stroke, apparendy dead, is 
revived magically and freed. a.b.c. 14; Tubach 4697. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 109 



K21 12.2. Woman bathes leper and puts him in her bed. Husband returns. 

Accuses her, but finds nothing but fragrant roses in bed. Especulo 

304.210-11; Tubach 3020. 
K2115. Animal-birth slander. Evil mother-in-law writes to absent son, 

telling him his wife has given birth to seven hounds. Ultramar 

1.1.53.89. 
*K21 16.5. 1 . Man falsely accused of having murdered unfaithful wife. Flees 

to pray to Virgin Mary. She delivers him from pursuers. Cantigas 

213. 
K2117. Calumniated wife: substituted letter (falsified message). Evil 

mother-in-law substitutes letter for one announcing birth of children 

for one that says wife has given birth to seven hounds. Ultramar 

1.1.53.89. 
K21 17.1. Husband's letter ordering that calumniated wife be treated well is 

altered by evil mother-in-law to say that wife and her sons are to be 

killed. Ultramar 1.1.53.90. 
K2130. Trouble-makers. 

K2131.2. Envious jackal makes lion suspicious of his friend, the bull. Lion 

kills bull. Calila p. 124; Exemplario llr; LucanorBx. 22. 
*K2131.6. Monk accuses another to abbot. Told to attend to own faults. 

a.b.c. 88; Tubach 3389. 
*K2131.7. Two female captives deprived of clothing. One woman finds bit 

of cloth to cover herself. Second complains; captor reproaches her. 

She must look to her own shame, not that of another. Calila pp. 

194-95; Exemplario 37 r. 
K2141. Jealous courtiers shake lion king's confidence in his counselor, the 

virtuous jackal, by accusing the non-meat-eating jackal of stealing 

meat from lion. Calila pp. 306-10; Exemplario 79r-80w. 
*K2 141.1. Jealous courtiers accuse king's favorite of disloyalty. He is ad- 
vised to pretend that he is ready to give up wealth and accompany 

king on a retreat (pilgrimage) to prove loyalty, a.b.c. 75, 215 (not in 

Paris MS); Barlaam pp. 25-29; LucanorBx. 1; Voragine 2.180.356- 

57. 
K2150. Stepmother (king's favorite wife) accuses prince of attempted 

rape. Innocent made to appear guilty. Sendebar pp. 74-76. 
K2155. Silver goblet planted in luggage of man. Made to look guilty of 

theft, a.b.c. 38; Cantigas 175; Santiago 5.57-61; Esopete p. 23; cf. 

Tubach 3796. 
*K2155.1.2. Envious monk hides book in another's bed and accuses him 

of theft. a.b.c. 117; Tubach 2431 b). 
*K2155.1.3. Meat belonging to lion left in quarters of fasting jackal. 

Calila p. 309; cf Tubach 2431 b). 
*K2 155.4. Innocent woman made to look like murderer. Told to hold razor 

to husband's throat to cut a hair, a.b.c. 370 (not in Paris MS); Luca- 

nor Ex. 42; Esopete pp. 149-50; Tubach 5361. 
K2 155.5. Crow leads hunters to serpent's nest, dropping jewels in nest to 

attract men. Calila p. 145; Exemplario \5v. 

110 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*K2 156.1. Innocent man accused of treason because of falsified letters pur- 
portedly written by him. Esopete p. 20; a.b.c. 273. 

*K2176. Monk spends nights with prostitutes to reform them. Accused 
falsely of fomication, but after his death, truth revealed. a.b.c. 229. 

K2200-K2299. VILIjUNS AND TRAITORS 
K2210. Treacherous relatives. 

K2213.1. Matron of Ephesus (Vidua). A woman motirns night and day 
by her husband's grave. A knight guarding a hanged man is about to 
lose his life because of the corpse he has stolen from the gallows. 
Grieving widow offers him her love and substitutes her husband's 
corpse on the gallows so that knight can escape. Esopete p. 64; 
Tubach 5262. 

K2214.1. Treacherous daughters (sons) afQicted with terrible illness. a.b.c. 
260. 

K2217. Treacherous uncle tried to subvert young king's power. Qifar p. 
79. 

K2217.1. Treacherous nephew kills uncle for money, a.b.c. 120; Tubach 
5020. 

K2218. Treacherous mother-in-law accuses innocent wife. Puts Moorish 
slave in wife's bed. Cantigas 185. 

*K2219. Treacherous sons beaten by father for returning territory to 
enemy. Glosa 1.2.12.120. 
K2230. Treacherous lovers. 

K2232.1. Treacherous lover (man) betrays woman's love and deserts her. 
Eneas leaves Dido fearing disclosure of his part in Trojan losses. 
Co^rti^oj 40.185-86. 
K2240. Treacherous officers and tradesmen. 

K2241. Treacherous innkeeper. Steals pilgrim's goods. Santiago restores 
goods. Santiago 6.61-64. 

*K2241.1. Treacherous innkeeper plants evidence of theft in baggage of 
guest. Treachery detected. Santiago 5.56-61; a.b.c. 38. 

*K2242.1. Treacherous steward. King's steward, in charge of treasury, 
takes double his fee and becomes rich. King names others to guard 
against losses. They too steal from treasury, ^ifar p. 106. 

*K2242.2. Treacherous steward who kills Jew imder royal protection is 
executed. a.b.c. 167; Tubach 2799. 

*K2242.3. Treacherous steward mismanaged estate of absent employer. 
a.b.c. 219. 

K2246. Treacherous prince. King sells privilege of judging crimes to an- 
other who sells justice. Those who were misjudged rebel and king re- 
pents. Qifarp. 107. 

K2248.0.1. Treacherous ministers. Advised high taxes and debased coin- 
age. Qifarp. 105. 
K2250. Treacherous servants and workmen. 

*K2255.3. Drover left behind to care for wounded bull. Tires of task and 
abandons it; tells master bull has died. Calila p. 123; Exemplario 1 Ir. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 1 



K22S0. Treacherous churchmen. 

*K2284.0.1. Treacherous churchmen. Pope is warned against peculations 
of cardinals. Qifar^. 107. 

*K2284.0.2. Treacherous believers in active ministry, jealous of contem- 
plative monk, kill his animal firiend, a bear. a.h.c. 329; Tubach 519. 

K2285.0.1. Villains disguised as monks. Brigands wear monk's garb to 
deceive traveling merchants. Merchants permit them to join their 
party and are robbed and killed. Gatos 26. 
K2290. Other villains and traitors. 

K2292. Treacherous physician offers to poison ruler to please ruler's 
enemy, a.b.c. 315; Glosa 1.2.12.122; Tubach 134. 

K2294. Treacherous host. Pilgrim's wife dies in host's house. Host keeps 
all his possessions. At destination St. James tells him evil host's 
house will be burned. Especulo 305.211-12; Tubach 3790. 

K2300-K2399. OTHER DECEPTIONS 

*K2310. 1 . Hunter who has promised not "to touch" lion catches him in trap 
and beats him to death with club. Esopete pp. 98-100. 

K2315. Peasant betrays fox by pointing. The peasant has hidden the fox 
in a basket and promised not to tell. When the himters come, he 
saySj "The fox just went over the hill," but he points to the basket. 
Esopete p. 75. 
K2350. Military strategy. 

K2351.1. Fire tied to foxes' tails destroys enemy. Glosa 1.1.10.59; Ca^ti- 
gos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 80r). 

K2357. Disguise to enter enemy's camp (castle). Alexander enters Porus' 
castle disguised as a simple knight, a.b.c. 34. 
K2365. Enemy induced to lift siege. 

K2365.2. Besieged citizens surrender city to king who showers them with 
golden apples of great value. a.b.c. 309; Tubach 317. 

K2365.3. Enemy soldiers persuaded by show of great wealth to desert to 
visiting king's side. Invited to dine, Alexander in guise of envoy, steals 
golden tableware. Says his king always lets guests take it away. Sol- 
diers desert to his side, a.b.c. 34; Tubach 112. 

*K2365.4. Enemy lured into ambush. Splendid banquet left unattended. 
Invaders attacked while eating, a.b.c. 209; Tubach 5304. 

K2369.3.1. Treacherous teacher delivers children of besieged city to enemy. 
Enemy will not accept these hostages and returns them. Teacher pun- 
ished. City gratefially surrenders to enemy. a.b.c. 256; Glosa 
1.2.12.121; cf. Tubach 1082. 

K2369.6. Military strategy. City won by diverting river that fed moat. 
Enemy soldiers march through empty river bed into the city. a.b.c. 
340 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 4109. 

*K2369.7. 1 . King proposes sending poison to enemy. Senators warn enemy. 
Would rather win in batde. Glosa 1.2.12.121. 
K2370. Miscellaneous deceptions. 

*K2372. Abbot orders monks to insult young monk to take his mind off his 

112 MOTIF INDEX OF 



lascivious thoughts. At end of year he is cured, a.b.c. 213; Tubach 
3097. 



L. REVERSAL OF FORTUNE 



L0-L99. VICTORIOUS YOUNGEST CHILD 

LIO. Victorious youngest son. 

*L10.3 Youngest of three brothers is wisest. One undertakes to maintain 
the peace; second chooses to visit the sick; third chooses to withdraw 
from the world. The first two could not fulfill their aims. They went 
to the third who solved their dilemma with parable of powder in tur- 
bulent water, a.b.c. 82; cf. Especulo 496.392; Tubach 803. 

*L1 3.2. Youngest son best fitted to reign. Yovmgest son shows greatest will- 
ingness to learn and to serve. Lucanor Ex. 24. 
L50. Victorious youngest daughter. 

*L54.2. Youngest of three daughters agrees to marry virtuous elderly warrior. 
Her sisters had rejected his suit earlier. Lucanor Ex. 27. 

L100-L199. UNPROMISING HERO (HEROINE) 

LI 14.1. Lazy hero. Least truthful son to inherit mill. Three sons lie 

about their laziness. Esopete pp. 94-96; Tubach 3005. 
LI 40. The unpromising surpasses the promising. 

*L143.3. Rich man poisons poor man's bees. Poor man used last bit of oil 

and vinegar to cure bees. a.b.c. 15; cf. Tubach 551. 
L146.1. Ape tries to flee with favorite child. Neglected child saves self. 

Favorite child is killed through mother's over-anxiety. Esopete p. 128; 

Especulo 41.27-28; Tubach 299. 

L200-L299. MODESTY BRINGS REWARD 

L21 1 . Modest choice: three casket type. Objects from which choice is to be 
made are hidden in caskets. The worst-looking casket proves to be 
the best choice. Chests adorned with gold and precious stones con- 
tain putrefying remains; chest containing royal treasures covered with 
pitch. Barlaam pp. 56-58; Especulo 449.343-44; Tubach 967. 

*L2 12.1.1. Modest choice best. Second royal wife gains favor over favorite 
by choosing reward of splendid clothes rather than crown. Calila p. 
280; Exemplario 72r. 

L213. Youth chooses poor bride rather than rich one. Will live like a poor 
man with family. Her father reveals great treasure, a.b.c. 286 (not in 
Paris MS); a.b.c. 387 (not in Paris MS) (tale not given); Barlaam pp. 
140-43; Tubach 3841. 

*L2 13.3. Father will choose poor husband for daughter over rich one. Better 
for a man to need money than for money to need man. a.b.c. 422; 
Lucanor Ex. 25; Tubach 1444. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 3 



L300-L399. TRIU2V1PH OF THE WEAK 

*L302. Poorly armed animal overcomes stronger one by chance. Evil falcon 

demands that nightingale sing for him to save offspring. Displeased, 

he begins to eat them. Hunter captures falcon. Esopete pp. 62-63; 

Tubach 4388. 
L310. Weak overcome strong in conflict. 

L311 . Weak (small) hero overcomes large fighter. David and Goliath. Casti- 

gos 10.77, 36.172. 
L315. Small animal overcomes large one. 

L315.2. Mouse torments bull who cannot catch him. Esopete p. 127. 
L315.3. Fox bums tree in which eagle has nest. Revenges theft of cub. 

Esopete p. 37; Tubach 2181. 
L315.7. Dungbeetle keeps destroying eagle's eggs. Eagle at last goes to sky 

and lays eggs in Zeus's lap. The dungbeetle causes Zeus to shake his 

apron and break the eggs. Esopete p. 109. 
L315.9. Eagle threatens falcon who has caught a heron. Falcon must attack 

and defeat eagle to retain its prey. Lucanor Ex. 33. 
L350. ZVIildness triumphs over violence. 

L350.1. Mildness triumphs over violence. Queen advises husband to use 

kindness (in manner of physicians) to enemies. Qifar pp. 124-25; 

a.b.c. 302; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 115r); Glosa 

1.2.27.204; cf. Tubach 5381. 
*L350.1.1. Mildness triumphs over violence. King must be physician to 

subjects, feeding the thin, withholding food from the obese, cutting 

where necessary, easing pain, and appljring remedies. Castigos 37. 1 60. 
L350.2. Holy man uses kind words to pagan priest who has just hit a 

Christian. Pagan repents and is converted. a.b.c. 218. 
L361.1. Sinner given grave penance kills priest. Next priest gives mild 

penance and succeeds where others failed, a.b.c. 299 (not in Paris 

MS); Tubach 3674. 
L390. Triumph of the weak: miscellaneous. 

L391.1. Reed pricks dog and drives him away when he urinates on it. Gatos 

47; Tubach 812. 
L392. Mouse stronger than sun, wind, and mountain: rat-maiden. Calila p. 

244; Exemplario 58z>; Tubach 3428. 
L392.1. Mosquitoes and horseflies sting Pharaoh. Show they are stronger 

than person who cannot escape them. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

75.206. 
*L396. Sheep successfully resists deer's fraudulent claim of a debt. Reftises 

payment because promise to pay made in presence of wolf. Esopete p. 

52. 

L400-L499. PRIDE BROUGHT LOW 
L410. Proud ruler (deity) humbled. 

L410. 1. Proud king humbled. Realizes that pomp, possessions, power are 
of short duration. All that he rules will be turned to dust. a.b.c. 361; 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 88z;). 

114 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*L4 10.1.1. Proud king requires subjects to worship him. Wounded in battle, 
aware of his mortality, repents. a.b.c. 215. 

L410.1.2. Proud king punished for bestial acts. Forced to live naked in 
wild like a beast. Castigos 9.71. 

L41 1. Proud king displaced by angel. (King in the bath.) While king is in 
bath an angel in his form takes his place wearing his clothes. The 
king, wearing rags, is rejected by all vmtil he repents of his excessive 
pride. LucanorEx. 51. 

L413. Golden grave of Alexander. Philosophers say that his power and 
treasures no longer matter. Disciplina 32. 

L414. King vainly forbids tide to rise. When he almost drowns, he dis- 
cards his crown and acknowledges his weakness. Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 28.143 (ADMYTE 88r); Glosa 1.1.9.47; Tubach 4863. 

L416.1. Proud king humbled when imprisoned by enemies but laughs at 
the pursuit of worldly goods, a.b.c. 418. 

*L416.2. Rulers of great city inattentive to defenses. Enemy diverts river 
that feeds moat and destroys city. a.b.c. 340 (not in Paris MS); Tu- 
bach 4109. 

*L416.3. Enemy arrogantly threatened Christians with destruction. Chris- 
tian army triumphs. Defeated enemy's son imprisoned, tortured, and 
killed. a.b.c. 416. 

*L416.5. Knight abuses servant, punching and kicking him. Servant, a fre- 
quent pilgrim, calls out to Santiago who saves him. Santiago 13.75- 
76. 
L420. Overweening ambition punished. 

*L420.0.2. Emperors of Persia, Greece and Rome aspired to be gods. Many 
lived like sinners, a.b.c. 360; Tubach 2323. 

L421 . Attempt to fly to heaven punished. Car supported by eagles. Alexan- 
dre cc. 2499-2500. 

L424. Man who has never known unhappiness is swallowed up by earth 
with all his household. a.b.c. 287; Tubach 3938. 
L430. Arrogance repaid. 

L435.1.1. Self-righteous monk rebuked by abbot for attacking others for 
sin without looking at his own sins, a.b.c. 88; Tubach 3389. 
L450. Proud animal less fortunate than humble. 

L451. Town mouse and country mouse. Wild animal finds his liberty 
better than tame animal's ease. Esopete pp. 36-37; Tubach 3281. 

L451.3. Wolf prefers liberty and hunger to dog's servitude and plenty. 
Esopete pp. 65-66; a.b.c. 245; Tubach 5337. 

L452.2. Ass jealous of war-horse until he sees him wounded. LBA cc. 
237-45; Esopete p. 62; cf. Tubach 2615. 
L460. Pride brought low: miscellaneous. 

L461 . Stag scorns his legs but is proud of his horns. Caught by his horns in 
trees. Esopete p. 63; Gatos 12; Tubach 4589. 

*L461.1. Goat, having seen the reflection of his horns in water, believes self 
capable of fighting wolf. Meanwhile, wolf approaches from behind 
and seizes the goat. Esopete p. 88; cf. Tubach 4589. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 5 



L49 1 . One out of twelve monks proudly refused to eat meat. Asked for 

bread. Next day leftover meat was fine white bread; leftover bread 

was mass of frightful worms. Especulo 516.407. 
*L491.1. Monks told that food eaten by all others, and charity lead to good 

life. Must avoid attention to own possessions. Especulo 517.407-8. 
*L491.2. At mealtime monk called for salt because he did not eat cooked 

food. Sent to eat in own cell. Especulo 518.408; Tubach 36, 4138. 
*L492. Visiting monk complained about wine served to him. Went to a cave 

that collapsed. Found half-dead in debris. Abbot orders cave to be 

maintained as warning against singularity. Especulo 519.408-9. 
*L493. Saint leaves off wearing hair shirt. Dresses as other members of 

order. Especulo 520.409. 
*L493.1. Saint on deathbed. Tells brothers he had never exercised his 

own will. Especulo 521.409. 
*L494. Monk so committed to maintain silence refiised to confess except 

by gestures. Admonished, he left order. Especulo 522.409-10. 



M. ORDAINING THE FUTURE 



M0-M99. JUDGEMENTS AND DECREES 

*M2.2. Inhuman decision of king. Man pleads that king spare one of his 
sons. King kills all three. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13.118 
(ADMYTE 52z;); Tubach 1494. 

*M2.3. Courtier advises king to drink less. Angry king proves sobriety by 
shooting arrow into courtier's son's heart. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
13.118 (ADMYTE 52v). 

*M2.4. King invites enemy to dinner. Serves him dish prepared with flesh 
of guest's sons. Has severed heads brought to table. Castigos MS A 
BNM 6559 13.118 (ADMYTE 52^). 

*M2.5. Enemy captive shown severed heads of seven sons. PCG 743.441- 
42. 
MIO. Irrevocable judgements. 

Ml 3. Sentence applies to king's own son. Those caught in adultery are to 
have eyes put out. When king's son is found guilty, king has one of 
his own eyes and one of his son's eyes put out to satisfy law. a.b.c. 
224; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 9.105-6; Tubach 1944. 

Ml 4. Irrevocable judgement of king upheld. King leaves laws that must be 
kept imtil he returns. He dies and orders that his bones be cast into 
the sea. a.b.c. 243; Glosa 3.2.24.219; Tubach 3101. 
M50. Other judgements and decrees. 

*M57. Even one involuntary act of charity outweighs lifetime of sins. Mis- 
erly man has neither stick nor stone, so throws loaf of bread at 
beggar. Sees that it balances out evil lifetime, sells all, and gives to 
poor, a.b.c. 135; Especulo 239.160-61. 

116 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*M58. One generous act sufficient to ensure salvation for saint. Gave 
away good deeds to another, a.b.c. 138. 

M100-M199. VOWS AND OATHS 

MIOO. Broken oaths. 

Ml 01. 4. Woman vowed to keep St. Francis' day to ensure a successful par- 
turition. She broke vow by working on that day, and her hand with- 
ered, a.b.c. 165; cf. Tubach 4138. 

*M10 1.4.1. Woman breaks vow not to eat meat. She has bone in throat 
for eight days. Virgin Mary cures her, and she renews vow. Especulo 
562.456; Tubach 727. 

*M101.4.2. Ailing cleric promises to join order if prior cures him. Cured, he 
breaks vow three times. Third time, devils come for him, and he 
dies. Especulo 563.456-57. 

*M101.4.3. Woman neglects promise to make pilgrimage, son dies. Prays to 
Virgin Mary, who resuscitates child dead for four days. Cantigas 347. 

*M102. Thief swears innocence with oath to God and Virgin Mary. Caught 
soon after stealing again; is hanged. Cantigas 392. 
M120. Vows concerning personal appearance. 

*M1 2 1.1. Vow not to cut beard until hero's exile is terminated. CMC w. 
1240. 

*M121.2. Vow not to cut beard or hair until king has found good hus- 
band for daughter. Apolonio cc. 550. 

Ml 22. Vow: queen not to bind hair till enemy is conquered (Semiramis). 
Ilustres mujeres 2.6v-8r, Jardin p. 247; Tubach 4224. 
M161. Vow never to flee in fear of death. 

*M161 .7. Refusal to accept conquest. Women of conquered town kill their 
children and themselves after men have been killed by enemy. Ilustres 
mujeres 80.82^-83?; (Wives of the Cimbros). 
M177. Vow to change religion. 

*M1 77. 1 . 1 . King swears to be come Christian after saint cures him. Casti- 
gos 10.76. 
Ml 83. Religious vows. 

*M183.5. Nuns vow not to ever leave convent. Great fire approaches, and 
archbishop urges them to break vow in order to save their lives. They 
stand firm and fire ceases. Especulo 561.455-56. 

M200-M299. BARGAINS AND PROMISES 

M201. Making of bargains and promises. 

*M201.0.1.2. Hermit makes bargain with God. Asks for wealth for a man 

who had sheltered him. Must promise he will use it well. Especulo 

64.45. 
*M201.0.3. Prince makes bargain with Virgin Mary. He will light candles 

and praise her name if she helps him fmd his lost hawk. Hawk 

magically appears in his hand. Cantigas 44. 
*M201 .0.4. Warrior promises Virgin Mary to pay for 1,000 masses after he 

succeeds in his futvire military campaigns. CMC w. 221-25. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 7 



M202. Fulfilling of bargain or promise. 

*M202.0.2. Pilgrim promises woman to bring back image of Virgin Mary 
from Holy Land. Virgin Mary protects him from lion, from thieves, 
from shipwreck. On return, Virgin Mary fc)rces him to keep promise. 
Cantigas 9. 

M202.2. Captive keeps word to return to enemy if mission to his people to 
arrange exchange of prisoners fails. He had counseled against ex- 
change. a.b.c. 311 \ Qifarip. 105; Glosa 1.2.12.118. 

M203.1. King's promise irrevocable. King punishes his steward who had 
robbed a Jew to whom king had promised safe conduct through a 
wood. a.b.c. 167; Tubach 2799. 

*M203.4. King's promise irrevocable. Promises to do nothing that phi- 
losopher requests. Clever philosopher asks him to destroy city. King 
must refuse to destroy city, a.b.c. 233; Tubach 139. 

*M203.5. King's promise irrevocable. Alexander vows to sacrifice first 
thing he meets. It is a man riding an ass. Man pleads that ass 
preceded him. King amused, man spared. a.b.c. 118; Tubach 131, 
3289. 
M205. Breaking of bargains or promises. 

*M205.0.2. Fox promises to pay boatman for passage. Payment is a slap in 
face with wet tail. Gatos 49. 

*M205.0.3. Mouse in wine vat. Promises cat anjfthing if he will save 
him. Breaks promise, telling cat, "I was drunk when I promised." 
Gatos 56; Tubach 3426. 

*M205.0.4. Hawk (crow) breaks promise to spare nightingale's (dove's) 
young if she sings for him. He kills them because song was not good 
enough. Hunter snares falcon. Breaking promise punished. Esopete 
pp. 62-63; Gatos 41; Especulo 71.47-48; Tubach 4388. 

*M205.1.3. Man in storm at sea promises St. Michael a calf if he is saved. 
Three times when sea has calmed he refuses to keep promise. Third 
time he is drowned along with his calf and his cow. Especulo 551.444; 
Tubach 1297. 

M205.2. Curse as punishment for broken promise. Youth broke promise to 
a woman friend. Devils appeared to torment him until he confessed 
and kept his promise. Especulo 284.191. 

*M205.2.1. Pilgrims promise to take care of each other until they reach goal. 
All break promise save one who had refused to pledge. Santiago 
appears to keeper of pledge, helps him, and sends word that breakers 
of promise must atone. Santiago 4.53-56. 

*M205.5. Dragon (monster) does not give promised wealth to rescuer. 
Threatens to eat him. Rescuer returns him to previous peril on ad- 
vice of fox as judge. Esopete pp. 86-87; cf Tubach 4254. 

*M205.6. Mother breaks promise to Virgin Mary. Child dies but is 
brought back to life through mother's prayers to saint. Cantigas 43. 

*M205.7. Woman who had promised not to sew on the Sabbath broke 
promise. Pxmished by losing use of hands. Sent to Chartres to be 
cured by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 117; cf Tubach 4138. 

118 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*M205.8. Leatherworker broke promise not to work on feast day. Pvmished 
by swallowing needle that sticks in throat. Virgin Mary cures him at 
altar where he coughs up needle. Cantigas 199; cf. Tubach 4138. 
M210. Bargain with devil. 

M211. Bargain with devil. Virgin Mary brings man pact he signed with 
devil and frees him from devil's power. a.b.c. 261; Milagros 24; 
Cantigas 3; Especulo 361.264-65; Talavera 1.13.91; Castigos MS A 
BNM 6559 82.215; Tubach 3572. 

M21 1.1. Drunken man unwittingly selb soul to devil. Penniless, he enters 
tavern and sells soul to stranger. Stranger says he owns body too, just 
as buyer of horse owns halter. Man disappears forever. Especulo 
197.137-38; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 89.225-26; Tubach 4540. 

*M2 11.10. Devil will make man rich. After he appears to him three 
times, man will surrender his soul. Three times in lifetime devil 
disguised as poor man visits him. Returns to carry him off. Especulo 
186.126-27. 

M212.2. Devil at gallows repudiates bargain with robber. Devil helped thief 
in exchange for soul. Thief on gallows told to stand on devil's shoul- 
ders. Devil slips out from weight, and thief is hanged. LBA cc. 1454- 
79; Lucanor Ex. 45; Especulo 185.126; cf. Tubach 2235. 

M217. Devil bargains to help man win woman. Monk (servant) desires 
daughter of pagan priest (nobleman). Required to deny Christ. Re- 
pents. a.b.c. 23, 106; Especulo 187.127-29; Tubach 3566. 

*M217.1. Man makes pact with devil. Will deny Jesus and Virgin Mary 
and will be guaranteed worldly success. Cantigas 281; Milagros 24. 
M242. Bargains and promises between mortals and supernatural 

beings. 

*M242.4. Man, whose granary was burning, promised God he would give 
grain to poor if fire were extinguished. Breaks promise. Gatos 57. 

*M242.5. Woman promises Virgin Mary she will make her a wimple if the 
Virgin will cure her silkworms. Forgot promise, but silkworms magi- 
cally worked on wimple for her. Cantigas 18. 

*M242.6. Peasant promises calf to Virgin Mary if she will protect it from 
wolves and thieves. Breaks promise. Calf breaks free and runs to her 
church. Cantigas 31. 

*M244.3. Captured bird promises to give captor three counsels in exchange 
for freedom. Esopete pp. 142-43; Tubach 322. 
M250. Promises connected with death. 

M25 1.1. Dying monk promises there will be room for his pupil in his grave. 
When grave is opened, it is too small to accommodate two bodies. 
Monk's body turns on its side to make room. a.b.c. 399; Tubach 
1271. 

*M253.1. Dying man promises friend he will return to tell him about other- 
world. Suffers torment in purgatory because of his obligation. Especulo 
286.192. 
M256. Promise to dying man broken. 

*M256.2. Pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela break promise to help dying 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 1 9 



companion. Other man stays with him. Santiago carries body to his 
church; rewards faithful one and denies benefits of pilgrimage to 
others. Especulo 285.191-92. 

M300-M399. PROPHECIES 
M302. Means of prophesying. 

*M302.4.2. At birth, stars say prince will live long life but at twenty will 

experience troubles with father (threat of death to self or to father). 

Sendebar p. 67. 
*M302.4.3. Stars say prince must be silent for seven days. Sendebar p. 

13; Tubach 4703. 
*M302.4.4. At birth stars say prince must not see either sunlight or fire. 

If he were to see it he would be blind. Barlaam pp. 262-63. 
M310. Favorable prophecies. 

M3 12.0.2. Prophecy: future greatness as rAeror prophesied by bees leaving 

honey on lips of child, a.b.c. 180. 
M3 12.0.2.1. Prophecy: future wealth o/ c/«'W prophesied by ants leaving 

grains of wheat on lips. a.b.c. 180; Tubach 293. 
M3 12.0.2.3. Prophecy: future greatness of unborn child prophesied by egg 

magically caused to bring forth chick with mature comb, a.b.c. 180. 
M3 12.0.4. Prophecy: pregnant woman's dream foretells child's fiiture 

greamess. a.b.c. 180; cf. Tubach 647. 
*M3 12.0.4.1. Prophecy: pregnant woman's dream while pregnant. Baby 

daughter's heirs will foimd a great line. Angel tells her in dream she 

must baptize immediately upon birth before nursing her. Baby must 

not drink any milk but her mother's. Ultramar 1.1.84.169; Tubach 

3283. 
*M3 12.0.4.2. Prophecy: pregnant woman's dream prophesies that her 

lineage will be honored in Holy Land. A griffin and two eagles clear 

temple in Jerusalem of rats, bats, and owls that had nested on altars. 

Placed on a throne by them, a griffin pecks out her heart and entrails 

and encircles the city with them. Ultramar 1.1.144.290-91. 
*M312.0.4.3. Prophecy: pregnant woman dreams prophesy that one of her 

sons will be instrumental in avenging Jesus' death. Armas p. 1 22. 
*M3 12.0.4.4. Prophecy: pregnant woman's dream. Son will kill father. 

Ilustres mujeres 23.29^^-30r Qocasta). 
*M312.10. Prophecy: angel Gabriel appears in hero's dream prophesying 

future success. CMC w. 405-9. 
M314. Man will become king. 

*M314.5. Hermit's dream prophesies that knight will become king. Qifar 

pp. 36-37. 
*M3 14.6. Knight dreams that exiled king will conquer occupied territory and 

be its king. Abreviada 3.26. 
M340. Unfavorable prophecies. 
M341 . Death prophesied. 

*M341.0.4. Prophecy of death. Monk given names of those who will die 

soon, including his own. Fulfilled, a.b.c. 375. 

120 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*M341.0.5. Prophecy of death. Simple young monk, dying of pestilence, 
given letters by mysterious youth giving names of all who were to die 
of pestilence, a.b.c. 402; Tubach 1475 b) 1. 

*M341.0.6. Prophecy of death. Simple man returns from heaven knowing 
who in household will die of pestilence, a.b.c. 383. 

*M341.0.7. Prophecy of death. Captive bishop confirms king's prophetic 
dream. a.b.c. 61. 

M341.1. Prophecy of death. Bishop's death foretold (thirty days) if he re- 
fuses to remove sinner's body from church. Refuses and dies. a.b.c. 
353; Tubach 1267. 

*M341.1.1.1. Prophecy of death. God appears to deacon in dream. He 
must tell bishop he will die on the Day of the Apostles. a.b.c. 65. 

*M341.1.5.3. Prophecy of death. Image of infant Jesus tells young boy he 
will join him in heaven tomorrow. Cantigas 353. 
M341.2. Prophecy: death by particular instrument. 

M341.2.4. Prophecy: five-fold death. Prince to die from stoning, burning, 
falling off a cliff, hanging, and drowning. It so happens. LBA cc. 
123-65. 
M342. Prophecy of downfall of kingdom. 

M342.1. Prophecy of downfall of king. King sends emissaries to philoso- 
pher who tells them that they may return because cruel king has 
been replaced. Disciplina 25. 

*M342. 1.1. Prophecy of downfall of king. Dream interpreted falsely by his 
enemies to say that king must kill family and advisers and bathe in 
their blood to avoid losing his realm. Calila p. 280; Exemplario 12v. 

*M342.1.2. Prophecy: enemies will attack duke and his forces. Duke 
dreams of being in a magic forest, attacked by four lions, three fierce 
bears, and two flying dragons, followed by ferocious dogs. Wife inter- 
prets it a warning that his enemies were coming to attack him. Ultra- 
mar 1.1.112.231-32. 

*M342.1.3. Prophecy of downfall of emperor who persecuted Christians. 
Will lose battle and will die. Especulo 221.150. 

*M342.3. Monk sees vision of king swallowing one leg of image of Christ 
crucified and trying to eat the other: one leg is the clergy; other one, 
the people. King does not heed vision, is assassinated while hunting. 
Especulo 218.148-49. 

M35 1 . Prophecy that youth will abandon his religion and become Chris- 
tian. Barlaam p. 22. 

*M356.6. Wise men sent to hear sage's prophecy. Kingdom to be de- 
stroyed; evil king to die to be replaced by a just one. Wise men re- 
turn to find it fulfilled, a.b.c. 379. 
M360. Other prophecies. 

M362. Prophecy: death of ruler to insure victory. Battle will be won by side 
whose king dies. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 10.110; Glosa 
1.2.12.119. 
M363. Coming of religious leader prophesied. 

M363. 1 . Coming of Christianity prophesied. Alexander the Great told high 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 121 



priest of Jerusalem that he saw the face of God in priest's face. 

Especulo 220.150. 
M364.7.2.1. Story of Genesis and "In the beginning was the word" 

prophesied by pagan. a.b.c. 244. 
M370. Vain attempts to escape fulfillinent of prophecy. 

*M370.2. Prophetic dream of bishop's death fulfilled. Man witnesses 

solemn trial; bishop condemned. Dreamer goes to palace and finds 

bishop dead. Especulo 468.369-70. 
*M370.3. Prophetic dream of pope's death fulfilled. Cardinal and two holy 

women wimessed solemn trial where Jesus Christ found him guilty. 

Pope found dead next day. Especulo 469.370. 
M372. Confinement in tower to avoid fulfillment of prophecy. No one to ap- 
proach prince until he reaches young manhood. Barlaam pp. 34-35. 
*M372.2. Prophecy: weaver's son to be royal bailiff. Despite paternal 

pressure, child chooses studies over weaving. Poridat 45-46. 
*M372.3. Prophecy: princeling to be blacksmith. Despite paternal efforts, 

child refuses studies in favor of labor. Poridat 46. 
*M375.2. 1. Slaughter of unborn and newborn children to avoid fulfillment 

of prophecy that one of them would be king of Rome. a.b.c. 180. 

M400-M499. CURSES 
M410. Pronouncement of curses. 

*M4 11.1.3. Mother curses children who have mistreated her. a.b.c. 260; 

Tubach 1440 c). 
M41 1.8.2. Hermit curses men who kill his companion-bear. They die of 

a dreaded illness, a.b.c. 329. 
M420. Enduring and overcoming curses. 

*M423.1. Mother's curse lifted by prayer and reverential penitence. a.b.c. 

260; Tubach 1440 c). 
M470. Curses on objects or animals. 

M474. Curse on land. Man whose land bordered church lands cultivated 

church lands. His oxen broke their yokes and ran wild. He died 

within ten days. Especulo 219.149. 



N. CHANCE AND FATE 



N0-N99. WAGERS AND GAMBLING 

NO. Wagers and gambling. 

N 1.2.1. The miracle of broken die saves soul of gambler, allowing saintly 

man to win. a.b.c. 252; Tubach 2239. 
*N. 1.2. 1.1. The miracle of broken die makes man winner. Virgin Mary 

helps him win over opponent because he had promised property to 

her if he won. Cantigas 214; cf. Tubach 2239. 



122 MOTIF INDEX OF 



NIO. Wagers on wives, husbands, or servants. 

N12. Wager on wife's obedience. Lucanor Ex. 27; cf. Tubach 4354. 
N50. Other wagers. 

*N67.1. Wager: stingy man can he forced to give alms. Pauper taunts him; 
angered miser, not able to find stick or stone to throw, throws a loaf 
of bread at beggar. a.b.c. 135. 

*N68. Wager based on reductio ad absurdum of task. When an impossible 
task is given, the hero responds with a countertask so absurd as to 
show the manifest absurdity of the original task. Wager: drink the 
seas dry: counterwager stop up all the rivers. Esopete p. 15; Sendebar 
Day 8, Tale 22. 

N100-N299. THE WAYS OF LUCK AND FATE 
NllO. Luck and fate personified. 

Nlll. Fortuna. Luck (fate) thought of as a goddess. Talavera 4.2.276- 
98; Compendio pp. 251-73; cf. Tubach 2154, 2155, 2156. 
N120. Determination of luck or fate. 

*N126.3. Queen casts lots to foresee future events in realm. Ultramar 
LI. 166.323. 
N130. Changing of luck or fate. 

N134.2. Corpse brings bad luck to ship. Cast overboard. Apolonio cc. 273- 
83. 
N140. Nature of luck and fate: miscellaneous. 

N142. Destiny (fate) better than work, show, or intelligence. Laborer makes 
very little by his work; handsome nobleman more by pleasing a 
woman; merchant more by speculation; prince most of all because of 
his royal heritage. Calila p. 324; Exemplario 83v-S4r. 
N146. Man not fated to die cannot be killed. 

*N146.1. Christian captured by Moors sentenced to death. Stoned, throat 
cut, but does not die. Calls upon Virgin Mary to send for priest so 
he can confess. Then he dies. Cantigas 124. 
N170. The capriciousness of luck. 

N172. Prodigal son favored over faithful son. Barlaam pp. 102-3. 

*N1 74. 1 . Emperor, afraid of lightning, constructed underground retreat. Left 
it only on fine days, but storm overtook him and killed him. Qifar p. 
27. 

*N178.1. Broken leg saves man from fatal fight. King has ordered that he 
be killed in a fight. He breaks leg and cannot go to palace that day. 
King forgives him when learns of his innocence. Lucanor Ex. 18. 

*N181.1. Rich man tells poor man that he is rich because he finds money on 
the way to church. Poor man goes and gets both spiritual and tempo- 
ral sustenance. Especulo 228.152-53. 
N200. The good gifts of fortune. 

N21 1.1. Lost ring found in fish. Returned to queen who uses it to prove 
her fidelity to husband. Especulo 125.83; Tubach 4102. 

*N212.2. Money will go to its destination. Man told that money he found 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 23 



belongs to another. Hollows out tree trvrnk; puts money inside and 
throws it into sea. Trunk washes up at door of rightful owner who 
uses it for firewood; gold begins to melt. His wife finds trunk and 
hides it. First man is beggar now, and wife of rightful owner bakes 
bread with money inside; gives it to first man. He sells bread to 
fishermen who begin to feed it to horses. Wife gives them oats for 
her bread. Money has returned to owner. Especulo 58.41; Tubach 
4954. 
N250. Persistent bad luck. 

*N252.2. Messenger announces misfortune to holy man. Someone has set 
fire to his crops. He accepts his luck, a.h.c. 343. 

*N252.3. Servant (messenger) reports successive misfortunes to master who 
has said he does not need to hear bad news. a.h.c. 195; Disciplina 27; 
Tubach 1705. 

N253. Safety in shadow of wall. After escaping a series of misfortimes, 
man is apparently safe when sheltering wall falls on him and kills 
him. Calila p. 124. 
N255. Escape from one misfortune into worse. 

N255.2. Ass gets progressively worse masters. Finally farmer beats him 
while alive and will not spare his hide even when he is dead. Esopete 
pp. 66-67; Tubach 387. 
N270. Crime inevitably comes to light. 

*N275.5.2. Sheep thief confesses in church when bishop orders belly of 
thief to bleat, a.b.c. 179; Tubach 4317. 

N300-N399. UNLUCKY ACCIDENTS 
N330. Accidental killing or death. 

N332.3. Serpent carried by bird lets poison drop into milk and poisons 
drinkers. Sendebar Day 8, Tale 19. 
N333. Aiming at fly has fatal results. 

N333.1. Heretic killed by hitting fly on his face. Gatos 6; Esopete p. 52; 
Tubach 2103. 
N340. Hasty killing or condemnation (mistake). 

N340.2. King hastily has thousands put to death for stoning his judges. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 10.107-8; Glosa 1.1.13.67-68; Tubach 
1494. 

*N340.2.1. King wrongly advised to kill wife, son, counselor, philoso- 
pher, war elephants, charger and to bathe in their blood to avoid des- 
truction of realm. He does not. Calila p. 280. 

N340.3. Woman wrongly judged to be drunk when seen to drink a ftiU 
glass of wine, a.b.c. 51. 

N341 . Emissary of evil noble killed in place of intended victim of ambush. 
a.b.c. 8. 

N346. Pigeon hastily kills mate for stealing wheat stored in nest. It has 
dried out and appeared to be less. With moisture it swells, and 
pigeon kills self in remorse. Sendebar Day 6, Tale 16; Calila p. 291. 
Exemplario 73r. 

124 MOTIF INDEX OF 



N347.1. Cleric accidentally suspected of crime had wandered into a tavern 
and was arrested among a group of spies. Executed despite inno- 
cence, a.b.c. 349 (not in Paris MS); Disciplina 7; Especulo 533.421; 
Tubach2431. 

N347.2. Holy man enters brothel to reform prostitutes. Accused of loose 
behavior, a.b.c. 229. 
N350. Accidental loss of property. 

*N352.1.1. Eagle carries off official's ring and drops it in slave's lap. 
Esopete pp. 17-18. 
N380. Other unlucky accidents. 

N381. Drop of honey causes chain of events. Hunter drops honey in a 
shop; bee lights on honey; storekeeper's cat kills bee; hunter's dog 
kills cat; storekeeper kills dog; hunter kills storekeeper; villagers and 
neighbors of storekeeper kill hunter; villagers and neighbors of hunter 
come, and the two groups kill each other. Sendebar Day 3, Tale 7. 

N383.2. 1 . Man is sickened when he realizes he has eaten bread from flour 
used for abscess plaster. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 4. 

N388. Blind men accidentally hurt each other (trying to kill pig). a.b.c. 64; 
Tubach 698. 

N400-N699. LUCKY ACCIDENTS 
N410. Lucky business ventures. 

N41 1.5. Seller of sandalwood learns its value in land lacking sandalwood. 
Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22. 
N440-N499. Valuable secrets learned. 

N451.1. Secrets of animals (dwarfs) accidentally overheard from tree. 
Animal tells others that it will help him rid themselves of man. Man 
in tree overhears and shoots the speaker. Esopete p. 123. 
N455.2.1. Cheaters' secrets overheard and used in court against them. 
Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22. 
N500-N599. Treasure trove. 
N510. Where treasure is found. 

N5 1 1 . 1 . 6 . 1 . Treasure found in ruined wall. Stonecutter rewarded for hos- 
pitality, finds a treasure when he tears down old wall. Especulo 64.45. 
*N5 11.1.9.1. Treasure buried under roots of tree. Grateful doves lead 
monk to spot. Calila p. 334. 
N514. Treasure hidden in religious shrine (object). 

*N514.3. Treasure found in broken statue. Man, angry at religious statue, 
smashes it against wall. Finds hidden gold. Esopete p. 110. 
N530. Discovery of treasure. 

*N531.6. Virgin Mary appears in dream to king. Tells him where he will 

find buried treasure. Cantigas 348. 
*N534.7.2. Hermit digs in mouse's hole and finds hidden coins. Calila p. 

210; Exemplario 46r. 
N535.1. Treasure indicated by stone cross on palace floor. Cross dug up 
reverently; treasure found beneath it. a.b.c. 144; Tubach 4950. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 125 



*N535.2. Treasure indicated by shadow of extended figure of statue, a.b.c. 
241; Tubach 2720, 4611. 

*N535.3. Eagle carries off official's ring and drops it in slave's lap. Esopete 
pp. 17-18. 

N538.1. Treasure pointed out by soul that has left body in dream, a.b.c. 
142. 

*N545.1.1. Eagle leads rescuer to site of great treasure. a.b.c. 207. 
N590. Treasure trove: miscellaneous. 

*N592. Golden tablets unearthed bearing message warning of the sin of 
avarice, a.b.c. 35; Tubach 4175, 4702. 
N600-N699. Other lucky accidents. 

N635. The triple tax. Poet is given by king the right to demand a coin 
fi-om hunchbacks to enter city; from persons with head lice; from 
persons with scabies; from one-eyed persons, from those with 
hernias. He demands coin from hunchback who protests. In tussle, 
hxinchback is revealed to suffer all infirmities. With revelation of 
each, poet demands another coin, a.b.c. 84; Esopete pp. 143-44; 
Disciplina 6; Especulo 489', 386; Tubach 4892. 

N685. Fool passes as wise man by remaining silent, a.b.c. 408. 

*N699.3.1. Accused man interrupts trip to pray. Avoids ambush, a.b.c. 8. 



P. SOCIETY 



Pa-P99. ROYALTY AND NOBILITY 

PIO. Kings. 

Pll. Choice of kings. 

*P1 1.0.2. Choice of king through force. Man is forced to accept office. 

Barlaam p. 321; Castigos 11.112. 
*P11.7. King chosen for a year provides for future. Knowing that the 

custom is that he is to be deposed in a year, he sends provisions to 

a safe place out of the kingdom. Lucanor Ex. 49; a.b.c. 366; Barlaam 

pp. 121-23; Especulo 243.163; Tubach 2907. 
*P11.8. Gods tell people to choose king whom they find eating from an 

iron table. Choose a farmer they see eating on a metal plough blade. 

a.b.c. 384. 
PI 2. Character of kings. 
PI 2. 5. Good king never retreats in battle. 

*P 12.5.0.1. Hero-king's (Cid) body on his charger leads troops to victory 

in battle. PCG 2.956.636-38. 
PI 2.9. Nobility of character a mark of kings. King (Alexander, Scipio Afri- 

canus) shows nobility by sending women captives back unharmed. 

a.b.c. 83; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 23.140 (ADMYTE 82z;); Tu- 
bach 3971. 



126 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*P 12.9.1. Roman consul invites captive enemy to join him in deliberations. 
a.b.c. 211;Tubach 1900. 

*P12.10.1. Caesar was generous to heirs of his enemy, a.h.c. 211. 

*P12.15. Great king accepts explanation that great power is temporary 
and hollow. a.b.c. 361. 

*P12.16. Just king accepts explanation that people who had criticized him 
were dnmk. Truthful admission cools his anger. a.b.c. 419. 
P13. Customs connected with kings. 

PI 3. 9. 1.1. King deserves great privileges. Alexander sought advice from 
Parmenyon. Told by Parmenyon: "If I were Alexander I would ac- 
cept." Replies: "I am not Parmenyon, but Alexander and deserve 
greater gift." a.b.c. 257; Glosa 1.2.19.168-69; Tubach 90. 
P14. Particular practices of kings. 

PI 4. 19. King goes at night to observe his subjects. Hears them say he is 
greatest fool in land because he gave trickster wealth to fetch secret 
ingredient to change lead into gold. Qifarp. 129; Lucanor Ex. 20. 

*P14.24. King never permits execution of those sentenced to death. Killing 
human beings wrong, a.b.c. 397. 

*P 14.25. King does not permit anyone to ask him why he never laughs. 
Penalty is beheading, ^ifar p. 130; Tubach 4994. 

*P14.26. King spares life of respected stranger who violates prohibition. 
Qifar^. 130. 
P15. Adventures (deeds) of kings. 

PI 5. 1.2. King pardons person who has mistaken a remarkably beautiful 
courtier in his entourage for him. a.b.c. 314; Tubach 2910. 

*P15.1.3. Emperor pardons defeated king. It is honorable to defeat enemy 
and then to pardon him. a.b.c. 125. 

PI 5.6. Alexander descends to bottom of sea in glass barrel with rooster to 
tell time. Learned tactics from fish. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
33.153 (ADMYTE 104^;); Tubach 123. 
P16. End of king's reign. 

*P16.1.3.1. Evil king who had abused power destroyed by divine instiga- 
tion. Consults philosophers. They recommend that he send for ad- 
vice to a wise man, Mariano, a.b.c. 379; Disciplina 25. 

*P16.1.5. King retires from world. Abdicates in favor of son. Son abuses 
power. King returns to defeat tyrant (takes out his eyes and impris- 
ons him). Crowns younger son. a.b.c. 22. 

*P16.1.6. Pious king abdicates to retreat to ascetic life. Leaves kingdom to 
advisor. Barlaam pp. 319-22. 
PI 7. Succession to throne. 

*P1 7. 1 1 . 1 . Rustic healer made adviser to ruler. Poisons him, seizes power, 
and rules cruelly. a.b.c. 384. 
P19. Other motifs associated with kings. 

*P19.3.1. King grants all wishes of those who come to him. They must not 
leave unhappy, a.b.c. 364. 

PI 9.4.2. King inadvertently disobeys law. Enters court armed; kills self. 
Glosa 1.2.11.114; Castigos MS A BN 6559 (ADMYTE 31v). 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 27 



P20. Queens. 

*P29.4. Queen insists that frivolous idle woman who disdains spinning learn 
to spin or that she not appear at court. Castigos 6.59. 
P50. Nobility. 

*P50.0.2. King and vassals: lion king sets out to avenge mistreatment of 
vassals. Esopete pp. 98-100. 

P100-P199. OTHER SOCIAL ORDERS 
PI 10. Royal ministers. 

Pill. Banished minister found indispensable and recalled. Esopete p. 21. 

*P1 1 1 . 1 . Minister who spared life of king's favorite wife pardoned and re- 
stored to office. Calila p. 280. 
P150. Rich men. 

PI 52. Rich man sees that his wealth will not help him gain eternal life. 
Enters religious order. Especulo 39.26-27. 

P200-P299. THE FA2VULY 
P210. Husband and wife. 

*P214.2. Wife kills self when abandoned by husband (to join dead hus- 
band). Castigos 40.185-86; Ilustres mujeres 40.47r-49r (Dido). 
P230. Parents and children. 

*P230.4. Parents must chastise son when young. Lesson from tale of far- 
mer who yokes a calf and an ox to tame the calf. Esopete pp. 64-65. 

*P231.3. Mother love. Noble woman insists on nursing her own chil- 
dren. Will not permit them to have wemurse. Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 (ADMYTE 7r). 

*P23 1.4.1. Mother (Empress Irene) orders that son's eyes be put out. a.b.c. 
295 (not in Paris MS). 
P232. Mother and daughter. 

*P232.3. Daughter who had offended mother during lifetime is pimished 
in afterlife. Especulo 440.334. 

*P232.4. Mother curses children who mistreated her. Treacherous daugh- 
ters and sons afflicted with terrible illness. Cured by saint. a.b.c. 260; 
Tubach 1440 c). 

*P232.5. Devils torment daughter who had verbally abused her mother, 
a.b.c. 336. 
P233. Father and son. 

*P233.2.2. Poor widow tells emperor his son had killed hers. He gives his 
son in exchange. Especulo 348.247-48; Abreviada 1 .206; Tubach 4989. 

P233.8. Prodigal son returns. Barlaam pp. 102-3. 

*P233.9.1. Duke's son chastises father for licentious ways. Will only ac- 
knowledge him because of mother's honor. Chooses not to inherit 
dukedom. Castigos 1.41-42; Tubach 362. 

*P233.9.2. Evil king defeated by enemies flees. His own son imprisons 
him, tortures him, and kills him. a.b.c. 416. 

*P233.9.3. Son mocks father when he sees him drunk and naked (Noah). 
a.b.c. 421. 

128 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*P233.12. Father dies in his son's stead. Justice demanded that one die. 

a.b.c. 339; Tubach 2005. 
*P233.13. Santiago rewards pilgrimage of father. Sustains falsely accused 

son on gallows until innocence is proved, a.b.c. 38; Santiago 5.56-61; 

Tubach 3796. 
*P233.14. Sentence applies to king's own son. Those caught in adultery 

are to have eyes put out. When king's son is found guilty, king has 

one of his own eyes and one of his son's eyes put out to satisfy law. 

a.b.c. 224; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 31u); Tubach 

1944. 
*P233.15. Son on gallows bites his mother's (father's) nose off. punishment 

for lack of discipline in youth. a.b.c. 338; Qifar pp. 82-83; Esopete 

pp. 112-13; Castigos 1.41; Gbsa 2.2.2.129-30; Especulo 287.196-98; 

Tubach 3488. 
*P233.15.1. Three sons condemned to hang. Parents had not stopped 

them from their evil ways. Especulo 289,198-99; see Q586. 
*P233.16. Spoiled child blasphemed God, and when a pestilence came he 

fell ill. In a deliriimi, saw devils coming for him. He died, and so did 

his father. a.b.c. 52; Especulo 79.52; Tubach 684. 
*P233.16.1. Father lets son play in river. Son drowns, and man drowns 

trying to save him. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 3. 
*P233.17. Test of paternity. Shooting at father's corpse. Youngest of 

supposed sons refuses to shoot and is judged the only genuine son of 

dead emperor, a.b.c. 174; Tubach 1272. 
*P233.18. Man cruel to his father, told by his own son that he will be 

mistreated in his old age. a.b.c. 337; Especulo 439.333-34; Tubach 

2001. 
*P233.19. Father and sons. Father leaves will saying that treasure is 

buried in vineyard. At his death, sons dig up vineyard; learn that 

treasure is cultivations of land. Esopete pp. 113-14. 
P234 Father and daughter. 

*P234.3. Daughter suckles imprisoned parent denied food by jailers. Ilustres 

mujeres 65.69r-70r (unknown yoimg Roman woman); a.b.c. 171, 

173; Glosa 2.2.4.137-38; Tubach 3969. 
*P234.4. Father ties infant daughter to lance. Throws her across stream to 

save her from pursuers. Ilustres mujeres 37.43r-45r (Camilla). 
*P234.5. Daughter saves father from attacker. Ilustres mujeres 62.67r 

(Claudia). 
*P234.6. Daughter saves father from death sentence. Ilustres mujeres 15.22r- 

23r (Hypsipyle). 
P236. Undutiful children. 

P236.2. Satiric legacy. Supposed chest of gold induces children to care 

for aged father, a.b.c. 126; Tubach 965. 
*P236.8. Undutiful children. Dying father hears children crying out, 

"Where will we go, what will we do when our father dies?" He re- 
minds them they will enjoy the wealth he has amassed. He asks why 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 29 



are they not concerned with what will happen to him. Especulo 
389.284-85. 
P250. Brothers and sisters. 

P25 1.3.1. Hostile brothers come to each other's aid when threatened by 

outsider. a.b.c. 311. 
P251.5.5. Brother unjustly imprisoned by brother. PCG 825.502-3. 
*P253.1. Sister kills her brother (husband) to wrest throne from him. Ilustres 

mujeres 89.88r-90r (Cleopatra). 
P260. Relations by law. 

*P266. Daughter-in-law stays in husband's family's household after he 

has abandoned her. San Alejo p. 89. 

P300-P399. OTHER SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS 
P310. Friendship. 

P315. Friends offer to die for each other. Each falsely confesses to crime to 
save the other. Neither guilty. Disciplina 2; Qifar pp. 9-11; Esopete 
pp. 137-39; Glosa 1.2.28.211; Tubach 2208, 2215. 

P317.1. Plato refuses to believe that Xenocrates has spoken ill of him. a.b.c. 
20, 168; Glosa 1.2.13.124-25; Tubach 2211, 3820. 

*P317.1.1. Alexander takes supposedly poisoned medicine showing confi- 
dence in physician firiend. a.b.c. 168; Glosa 1.2.13.124; Tubach 134, 
1401. 
P320. Hospitality. 

*P324.2.1. Host treats guest with excellent food. Guest had imbibed foul 
water before entering. Vomits and is unable to eat. Especulo 36.25- 
26. 

*P324.4. Saint eats gluttonously to please guests. Repents next day. Espe- 
culo 298.208. 

*P324.5. Saint has only bacon to give guest during Lent. Both partake as 
sign of hospitality. Especulo 297.207-8; cf. Tubach 3243. 

P325. Host surrenders wife to guest who unwittingly falls in love with the 
wife. The host, on being informed, out of pure generosity repudiates 
wife and has her marry the guest. Esopete pp. 137-39; Disciplina 2; 
Qifarpp. 9-11. 
P340. Teacher and pupil. 

*P344. Teacher gives pupil Ciceronian rule for rhetoric. Student memorizes 
rule and recites it instead of applying it. Exemplario 2r, Calila p. 92. 

*P344.1. Teacher writes all worldly wisdom on walls and confines pupil to 
room to learn it in short time. Sendebar p. 72. 
P360. Master and servant. 

P361. Faithful servant dies instead of master. Puts on master's clothes and 
ring; throat is slit, a.b.c. 166; Glosa 2.3.15.304; Tubach 2209. 

*P361.1.4. Servant kills master to save him from dying at enemy's hands. 
Kills self. Glosa 2.3.15.304. 

*P3 6 1 . 8 . 1 . Faithful servant undergoes torments in master's place, a.b.c. 166. 

*P36 1 .10. Servant deceives invading enemy. Pretends he has thrown cruel 
master on pyre. Saves him. Glosa 2.3.15.304, 

130 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*P361.1 1. Servants deceive enemy; they are carrying off mistress to kill her 
for cruelty. Save her. Gbsa 2.3.15.304. 

*P36 1 .12. Servant asked to help kill king by prince. Supplies harmless sub- 
stance instead of poison. Glosa 2.3.15.305. 

P400-P499. TRADES AND PROFESSIONS 
P435. Usurer. 

*P435.3. Ass carries usurer's body to the gallows instead of to the chvirch. 

Especulo 567.461-63; Tubach 375. 
*P435.4. Corpse of usurer rises up, destroys church furnishings, beats 

monksj kills one, because his soul was suffering torments despite 

promises that soul would be prayed out of hell, a.b.c. 149; Tubach 

5031. 
*P435.5, Church built by usurer's money made to collapse by devil. a.b.c. 

148; cf. Tubach 1053. 
*P435.6. Usurer and his descendants punished in hell, ten generations who 

had benefited arranged on a ladder, a.b.c. 385 (not in Paris MS); cf. 

Tubach 5027, 5062. 
*P435.7. Saint who accepted alms from usurer punished in hellfire by bum 

on his cheek. Especulo 12.9-10. 
*P435.8. Usurer gave abbot money to pray for him. God said all but one 

coin had been earned dishonestly. Accepted only one coin on altar. 

a.b.c. 132. 
*P435.9. Punishment from otherworld: leprosy, erysipelas, and poverty. 

Executors of usurer's will do not make restitution of his ill-gotten 

wealth. Especulo 262.176-77. 
*P435.10. Usurer's soul condemned to eternal torment despite generosity 

to monastery. Returns and attacks monks, a.b.c. 149. 
*P435. 1 1 . Man who deserted his usurer father and brother sees them roasting 

in hell and blaming each other for their plight. a.b.c. 430; Tubach 

5027. 
*P435.12. Usurer leaves wealth to friends and family. Leaves nothing for 

his soul. Acknowledges the omission to priest and then dies. Especulo 

659.462-63; Tubach 5050. 
*P435.13. Dying man (usurer) reproaches soul for desire to leave him de- 
spite his great wealth and comfort. Lucanor Ex. 4; Especulo 568.462. 
*P435.14. Dead moneylender's heart found in strongbox. Saint tells 

mourners at funeral of moneylender. Lucanor Ex. 14; Tubach 2499. 
*P435.15. Hero (Cid) deceives moneylenders. Gives them chests filled 

with sand as surety for loan. CMC w. 65-212. 
P446. Barber. 

P446.2. Distrust of barbers. Barber sees inscription over door: "Whatever 

you do, do wisely, and think of the consequences." He is hired to 

cut king's throat, drops razor, and confesses, a.b.c. 69. 
P446.2.1. Distrust of barbers. King to avoid possible assassination singes 

beard rather than have barber shave him. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

25.141 (ADMYTE 84^;). 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 131 



P448. Butcher. 

P448.1. Sheep killed by butcher, who they are persuaded will spare them. 

They betray each other. Esopete p. 76. 
P458. Woodsman. 

P458.1. Trees not to supply wood for woodsman's axe handle. Esopete p. 65; 

Tubach 444. 
*P458.2. Water spirit returns silver axe to woodchopper in place of the 

one he has lost. Esopete p. 112. 
P460. Other trades and professions. 
P462. Stonecutter. 

*P462.1. Treasure found in ruined wall. Stonecutter rewarded for hospi- 
tality, finds a treasure when he tears down old wall. Especulo 64.45. 
P463. Baker. 

*P463.1. Sultan is recognized as son of baker because his reward to phi- 
losopher is loaves of bread, a.b.c. 313; Tubach 500. 
*P463.2. Unreasonable threat of punishment to cook, to baker, and to 

host's wife to fiighten guest. Esopete pp. 13-14. 
*P463.3. Bakers use matter from abscess in bread dough. Sendebar Day 2, 

Tale 4. 
*P463.4. Prince whose father was really the court baker (cook) advised to 

remember both his royal and his humble heritage, a.b.c. 189. 
P464. Shepherd. 

*P464.1. Shepherd who cried "Wolf too often. When the wolf really 

comes, no one believes him. Esopete p. 111. 
P465. Lawyer. 

*P465.1. Dying lawyer offers self to God. God says he must be judged. 

Refuses to be judged by his equals and so dies without commimion 

and confession. Especulo 19.14; cf. Tubach 2991. 
*P465.2. Widow gives lawyer a cart as fee. Adversary gives him ox to pull 

it. She loses case and says: "The cart does not go well." He replies 

that it needs an ox to pull it. Especulo 23.16. 
*P465.3. Man's lawyer is bribed to lose a lawsuit. Appears in court saying 

he has "esquinan^a" ('quinsy') and cannot speak. His client says he 

does not have "esquinanga" but rather "argen?ia" ('money disease'). 

a.b.c. 309. 
*P465.4. Dying lazvyer says: "I appeal. " Asks for defense. Dies without 

confession and goes to hell. Especulo 21.15; Tubach 2991. 
*P465.5. Nose cut off as punishment for theft. Lawyer stole land firom 

church. Saint appears and tells him to retvim it. Third time cuts off 

nose as sign of perjury and theft. Especulo 458.357-58. 
*P465.6. Lazvyers bathe in special hell's fire, a.b.c. 12. 
P466. Doctors. 

*P466. Doctor prescribes same remedy for a sore eye that he had used to 

cure his own sore foot. Patient blinded. a.b.c. 283. 
P482. Painter. 

P482.1.1. Devil pulls scaffold from under painter's feet. Virgin rescues him. 

a.b.c. 263; Tubach 3573. 

132 MOTIF INDEX OF 



P500-P599. GOVERNMENT 
P510. Law courts. 
P511. Criminal to choose method of execution. 

P51 1.2. Sentenced to have eyes taken out, is granted favor of selecting in- 
strument. Is unable to find suitable nail, a.h.c. 151; Tubach 1947. 
*P51 1.3. Man to choose tree for his hanging is unable to find suitable tree. 
Is not executed. a.h.c. 130; Tubach 4790. 
P520. Lawsuits. 

*P521.1. Lawsuit between wolf and fox. Ape is judge; greyhound lawyer 

for wolf; sheepdog lawyer for fox. LBA cc. 321-71. 
*P521.2. Fraudulent claim by stag made in presence of wolf whose pres- 
ence intimidates sheep into acknowledging debt. Repayment sched- 
uled for when wolf will not be present. Esopete p. 52. 
P522. Laws. 

*P524.3. High-bom woman pledges son as security with usurer. Unable to 
repay, calls on Virgin Mary, who helps her rescue him. Cantigas 63. 
P525. Contracts. 

*P525.4. Borrower offers Virgin Mary and Christ as guarantors of repay- 
ment of debt. Repajrment put in sea, miraculously reaches Jewish 
creditor on time. Milagros 23; cf. Castigos 7.64; Cantigas 25; Tubach 
2797. 
P530. Taxes or tributes. 

*P532.1. Unpaid tithes result in pestilence or crop failures. Especulo 
171.115. 
P550. Military affairs. 
P555. Defeat in battle. 

P555.0.1. Defeated soldier tells emperor that battle was lost because of 
emperor's impiety. Especulo 217.148. 

P600-P699. CUSTOMS 

P612. Trumpet blown before house of one sentenced to death, a.b.c. 192, 

292; Barlaam p. 55; Especulo 192.133-34, 294.202-3; Tubach 4994. 
P672. Pulling a man's beard as an insult. CMC w. 3280-90. 
*P672.1.5. Jew touches dead hero's beard. Corpse unsheathes sword to 

punish him. PCG 2.961.642-43. 
*P672.6. Insult: throwing blood-filled object (cucumber) at another is 

cause of dishonor. Abreviada 2.281. 
P690. Political customs. 

*P691 . Women punished to appease Neptune. Not to vote, not to take part 

in public councils, not to give their name to offspring. Jardin pp. 

243-44; Tubach 3462. 

P700-P799. SOCIETY: MISCELLANEOUS 

P71 1.7. Man rises from sick bed to battle for his country. Castigos MS A 

BNM6559 57.184. 
P711.9. Patriotism: agreement that battle will be won by those whose 

leader is killed in battle. Duke disguised as pilgrim joins battle and is 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 133 



killed. a.b.c. 340; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 57.184, MS A BNM 
6559 10.110; Gbsa 1.2.12.119. 



Q. REWARDS AND PUNISHMENTS 



Q10-Q99. DEEDS REWARDED 
Q20. Piety rewarded. 

*Q20.3. Emperor of great piety, vowed never to take the life of another 
being. Forgave his enemies and ruled in peace. a.b.c. 68. 

*Q20.3.1. Compassionate ruler forgives friends who have offended him. 
Treats them with love, a.b.c. 67. 

*Q20.3.2. Compassionate emperor told to bathe in pool of infant blood as 
cvire, takes pity on mothers and refuses. God rewards him with cure 
(Constantine). PCG 316.183-86; Abreviada 1.342. 

*Q20.4. Pious holy man preaches the word of God, after God restored his 
sight. Mission completed, he returns, and his soul is transported di- 
rectiy to heaven, a.b.c. 27. 

*Q20.5. Militant pope fought to defend church land. God sends wind to 
open church doors to reward his piety, a.b.c. 33; Tubach 2370. 

*Q20.6. Cleric overwhelmed by sins confesses in writing. Great contrition 
causes written words to be magically erased, a.b.c. 72; Tubach 1202. 
Q21. Reward for religious sacrifice. 

*Q2 1.0.1. King rewards his son's piety and prudence. Youth had given all 
his wealth to poor where it would always be safe. Disciplina 29; Tu- 
bach 4963. 

*Q21.0.2. Bishop told he would die prayed from tierce to nones. Rewarded 
for his piety. a.b.c. 65. 
Q21. Reward for religious sacrifice. 

Q2 1.1. Old woman gives her only cow believing she will receive a hundred in 
return from God. A bishop hearing her faith sends her a htmdred. 
a.b.c. 139; Tubach 4089; cf. Tubach 176. 

*Q21 .2. Saint gives all his good deeds to a sinner. Sinner will be pardoned. 
Devils come to get saint but sacrifice saves him. a.b.c. 138. 
Q28. Reward for pilgrimage. 

*Q28.1. Pilgrim goes direcdy to holy places while companions seek lodg- 
ing. While at worship, his horse found him lodgings and awaited him 
there. Especulo 231.154-55. 

*Q28.2. Reward for pilgrimage. Old woman falls ill on way to Holy Land 
and dies. Celestial light descends, and she ascends to heaven. Especu- 
lo 143.98-99. 

*Q28.3. Reward for pilgrimage. Sick man, fearful of purgatory, told to 
make pilgrimage. Dies and goes direcdy to heaven. Especulo 144.99. 

*Q28.4. Reward for pilgrimage. Frequent pilgrim to Santiago de Compos- 



134 MOTIF INDEX OF 



tela calls on saint for help in fight. Victorious, he is asked by 
opponent to call upon saint to cure broken limb. Santiago 13.75-76. 
Q39. Piety rewarded: miscellaneous. 

*Q39.2. Reward for church attendance to holy man. Elected bishop. Espe- 
cm/o 229.153. 

*Q39.3. Virgin Mary promises young woman that she will be rewarded if she 
does not dance or engage in frivolous behavior. She joins Virgin and 
other maidens in heaven, a.b.c. 85; Tubach 1424. 
Q42. Generosity rewarded. 

Q42.8. Holy man gives credit for good deeds to dying woman (man) so that 
she can go to heaven. He is rewarded. Especulo 83.56; a.b.c. 138. 

*Q42.8.1. Abbot awards good deeds to knight. When knight dies he goes 
to heaven; abbot is rewarded. Especulo 84.56-57. 

*Q42.10. King gives clothes to leper and lifts him into his saddle. Leper 
asks king to blow his nose for him. King does so and finds a huge 
ruby in his hand. Leper disappears magically. Castigos 7.61-62; cf. 
Tubach 3489. 
Q44. Reward for almsgiving. 

Q44.1. Shepherd sent away from monastery for excessive almsgiving re- 
stored after wolves eat monastery's sheep. a.b.c. 143. 

Q44.2. Steward pardoned for short accounts when it is learned that he has 
given the money to the poor where it is safe from thieves, a.b.c. 145 
(not in Paris MS); cf. Tubach 4963. 

*Q44.5. Emperor rewarded for almsgiving. Great treasure unearthed be- 
neath floor of palace, a.b.c. 144; Tubach 4950. 

*Q44.7. Bread shared with poor replenished magically by God. a.b.c. 
146, 147; Tubach 766, 2566. 
Q45. Hospitality rewarded. 

*Q45.0.1. Poor fisherman who had shared his only garment with ship- 
wrecked man is rewarded richly. Apolonio cc. 632-37. 

Q45.1. Angel entertained unawares. Hospitality to disguised saint (angel, 
god) rewarded. Esopete p. 3; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 54.181; cf. 
Tubach 2533, 3653. 
Q51. Kindness to animals rewarded. 

*Q51.3. Holy man cures hyena cubs. She rewards him with sheep skins 
and food, a.b.c. 50; Tubach 2714. 
Q60. Other good qualities rewarded. 

Q61. Self-abnegation rewarded. Man who declares self unworthy to look 
heavenward pardoned. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 87.223. 

*Q62.1. Youth invents false report of senate proceedings to keep secret true 
proceedings. Senate rewards him with permanent permission to at- 
tend. a.b.c. 394; Tubach 5269. 
Q69. Obedience rewarded. 

*Q69.1. Obedience rewarded. Scribe called by abbot interrupts work. Re- 
turns to fmd it miraculously completed in gold. Especulo 417.314. 
Q72. Loyalty rewarded. 

Q72. 1.1. Captured knight asked by captor what fate he merits. He asks for 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 135 



death because he will never be disloyal to his master. Captor frees 

him. a.b.c. 79; Glosa 2.3.15.303. 
Q80. Rewards for other causes. 

*Q85.1. Reward for graceful answer. Lowly poet tells king that a rose 

grows among thorns as he did among humble persons. King sends 

him away with many gifts. Disciplina 3. 
Q86.1. Reward to ant for industry. Ant has food all winter because she 

keeps it safe and dry by airing it in the sun. Lucanor Ex. 23; Tubach 

265. 
Q94. Reward for cure. 

*Q94.1. Truthful man reveals secret cures to king. Magic spring cures 

blindness; bread partially eaten by fox restores princess's voice. 

Rewarded with many gifts and great wealth. Gatos 28. 

Q100-Q199. NATURE OF REWARDS 
QUO. Material rewards. 

*Q111.9. In exchange for restoration of lost riches, husband agrees to 
deliver his wife to devil, a.b.c. 144. 

*Q1 11.10. Finder of great treasure, is rewarded by commimity; they make 
statue of goldj silver, and jewels in his honor, a.b.c. 241; Tubach 
2720; cf. Tubach 4611. 

Ql 12.0.5. Kingdom and hand of princess reward for virtuous life. Castigos 
1.41. 
Q121. Freedom as reward. 

*Q121.2. Freedom as reward. Captive interprets king's dream. Reward is 
his freedom and that of all the other captives, a.b.c. 61; cf. Tubach 
1785. 
Q140. Miraculous or magic rewards. 

Ql 4 1 . 1 . Monks who always shared with the poor receive miraculous supplies 
of flour and bread, a.b.c. 146, 147; Tubach 766. 

Q147.1. Body of saint miraculously rolls over in grave to make room for his 
pupil to whom he had promised interment with him. a.b.c. 399; Tu- 
bach 1271. 

Q147.2. Magic wind blows open locked doors of church to show that pope 
deserves to be buried there, a.b.c. 33; Tubach 2370. 
Q150. Immunity from disaster as reward. 

*Q 15 1.8.1. Life spared as reward for bravery and constancy. Captive tells 
captor that death or release are the same to him. In either case he 
would be lost to his master, a.b.c. 79. 

Q151.il. Man rewarded by God for good deed. Daniel imharmed by sev- 
en lions. Castigos 9.69-70. 
Q170. Religious rewards. 

Q171. Immunity from punishment as reward. Robber baron saved from 
devil by his daily devotion to Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 45. 
Q172. Reward: admission to heaven. 

*Q1 72.0.3. Friar scribe's soul admitted directly to heaven as reward for il- 
luminating Virgin's name in three colors. Cantigas 384. 

136 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*Q1 72.0.4. Angel promises admission to heaven to good monk killed by a 

beast, a.b.c. 105. 
*Q1 72.0.5. Knight followed steps of Jesus in Jerusalem. On Mount of 

Olives he was carried up to heaven. a.b.c. 434; Tubach 3797. 
Q 172.2. Evil rich man on deathbed given chance to repent gives all his 

wealth to poor. Is pardoned because of one act of charity. a.b.c. 135. 
Q 172.2.1. The rich man's trial in heaven. Piece of bread given to beggar 

is placed on scales. a.b.c. 135. 
*Q1 72.2. 1.1. Evil rich man angrily throws a loaf of bread at a beggar. On 

deathbed, is pardoned because of one act of involuntary charity. 

a.b.c. 135. 
Q172.3. Evil robber repents; is given chance. He must embrace and live 

with next creature he encounters. It is a serpent whose venom kills 

him, but he goes to heaven. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.224. 

Q200-Q399. DEEDS PUNISHED 
Q211. Murder punished. 

Q2 11.0.3. Emperor carried off to hell and plunged into boiling oil for 
many cruel murders, a.b.c. 114. 

*Q2 11.0.4 Herod punished for murders of innocents. Castigos 9.71. 

*Q21 1.0.5. Greedy nephew murdered rich uncle. Caught and killed. a.b.c. 
120; Tubach 5020. 

Q211.3. Uxoricide punished. Courtier kills wife, mistaking her for a 
young woman in the court who had sinned. Castigos 33.159. 

*Q2 11.4.3. Snake chases frog into man's house. Tries to bite frog but 
bites man's child instead. Man puts curse on snake. He will be frog- 
king's mount forever. Calila p. 248. 
Q212. Theft punished. 

*Q212.5. Thief caught when he steals from monastery garden. His foot 
catches in fence, and he is caught; released, a.b.c. 178; Tubach 4782 
b). 

*Q212.6. Monk attacked by marauding Goths robbed of horse. Goths' 
horses will not cross river; they returned his horse and then he could 
continue journey, a.b.c. 191; Tubach 2636. 

*Q212.7. Theft of money offerings on altar punished by blindness and pa- 
ralysis. Moor's companions replace stolen money, and health is re- 
stored. Cantigas 329. 

*Q212.8. Theft of meal for fritters punished. Tasting knife magically 
pierces mouth of thief. Prayers to Virgin Mary enable priest to re- 
move it. Cantigas 157. 
Q220. Impiety punished. 

*Q220.2. Monk tormented with pains of all those for whom he had not 
prayed when alive. Especulo 161.109. 

*Q220.3. Friar criticizes royal adoration of religious images that neither 
speak nor move. Has bad luck for rest of life. Cantigas 291 . 

*Q220.4. Cleric stole altar cloth to make underclothes for self. Awakes with 
body contorted. Prays to Virgin Mary and is ciured. Cantigas 327. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 37 



*Q220.5. Pharaoh punished for disobedience to God's word. Drowned in 

Red Sea. Castigos 9.70. 
*Q220.6. Nebuchadnezzar pyimsh&d. for impiety. Condemned to wander 

naked, grazing like a beast. Castigos 9.71. 
Q221.1. Discourtesy to god punished. Blasphemer rouses king's wrath. 

Especulo 34.22-23. 
Q221.3. Blasphemy punished. 

*Q22 1.3.1. Blasphemer extends right hand to blaspheme. Cut off and himg 

at the door of the church. Especulo 210.145-46. 
*Q221.3.2. Spoiled child blasphemed God and when a pestilence came, he 

fell ill. In a delirium saw devils coming for him. He died, and so did 

his father. a.b.c. 52; Tubach 684. 
*Q221.3.3. Blasphemer punished by blood flowing from mouth until death 

comes, a.b.c. 55; Tubach 681, 2240. 
*Q221.3.4. Nun said crazy things; after church bvirial she was seen in a 

vision before altar. Punishment: cut in half; evil part burned. a.b.c. 

247; Tubach 723. 
*Q221.3.5. Blasphemer's eye drops out on game board as punishment for 

swearing on God's eyes. a.b.c. 55, 236; Tubach 681, 1949, 2240. 
*Q221.3.6. Blasphemer struck dead. Horrible odor issues fi-om his heart. 

a.b.c. 55; Tubach 681, 2240. 
*Q221.3.6.1. Gambler lost at dice in tavern and blasphemed against Virgin 

Mary. Struck dead. Cantigas 72; Tubach 2240. 
*Q221.3.6.2. Woman gambler lost at dice, threw stone at image of Virgin 

Mary. King ordered her dragged through streets. Cantigas 136; 

Tubach 5152. 
*Q221.3.7. Blasphemer, exposed buttocks to figure of Christ, paralyzed, save 

his tongue. Power of speech retained to say "ave." a.b.c. 47. 
*Q221.3.8. Blasphemer punished; cursed the Virgin. Tongue elongates, 

and he cannot speak. a.b.c. 52; Tubach 773. 
*Q221 .3.9. Blasphemer doubts authenticity of Virgin Mary's slipper. Suffers 

great pain and mouth is twisted. Slipper applied to afiQicted area 

cvires him. Cantigas 61. 
*Q221.3.10. Blasphemer carried off by demons after denying Virgin Mary. 

Cantigas 238; Jardin p. 219. 
*Q221.3.11. Arian bishop blasphemed God. Angel struck him dead with 

heavenly fire. a.b.c. 169. 
*Q221.3.12. Beguine commissions a blasphemous painting and hides it in a 

secret room. Discovered. Hanged. Talavera 4.1.264-67. 
Q22 1.5.1. Disobedience to God punished. Lot's wife transformed into 

pillar of salt. Castigos 50.212. 
*Q221.9. Punishment: cruel death. Apostate emperor had stolen church 

property. Especulo 209.145. 
Q222. Punishment for desecration of holy places (images). 

Q222. 1.1. Renegade priest killed for allowing Moors to desecrate Host. Chris- 
tian captive knight kills him. Lucanor Ex. 28. 
Q222.2. Punishment for desecration of figure of Christ. Virgin Mary leads 

138 MOTIF INDEX OF 



mob to Jewish quarter where Rabbi of Toledo is found crucifying 
wax figure of Christ. Mob punishes him and the Jews of Toledo. 
MUagros 18. 

*Q222.2.3. Punishment for throwing image of Virgin Mary into sea. Fish in 
sea disappear as long as statue is in sea. Fish appear again when 
statue restored to place. Cantigas 183. 

Q222.3. Foul portrayal of Jesus on cross brings punishment to artist and 
to one who commissioned painting. Talavera 4.1.264-67. 

*Q222.4.1 . Mayor takes church lands, falls ill, and asks bishop to pray for 
cure in exchange for return of land. Reneges and falls ill again. Bish- 
op refuses cure and is sent for forceftiUy. Mayor enters church and 
drops dead. a.b.c. 128. 

Q222.5. Punishment for desecration of church dedicated to Virgin Mary. 
Men commit murder in her church; she sends Saint Marcial's (Saint 
Anthony's) fire (erysipelas) to punish them. MUagros 17. 

*Q222.5.4.1. Thieves trapped in hermit's cell. Powerless to open door. 
a.b.c. 423. 
Q223. Punishment for neglect of religious duties. 

*Q223.1.1. Neglect of religious duties. Sickle suspended in church as re- 
minder of farmer who used it on a feast day. It had adhered to his 
hand imtil he repented. a.b.c. 164; cf Tubach 4138. 

*Q223.1.2. Neglect of religious duties. A woman in labor suffered so 
much that she promised St. Francis that she would keep his feast 
day; forgot and her right arm was afflicted. a.b.c. 165; cf. Tubach 
4138. 

*Q223.1.3. Leather worker broke promise not to work on feast day. Pun- 
ished by swallowing needle that sticks in throat. Virgin Mary cures 
him at altar where he coughs up needle. Cantigas 1 99; cf Tubach 4138. 

Q233.4. Priest tends his vineyard, neglects hearing confession of dying pa- 
rishioner, a.b.c. 386. 

Q223.6. Woman who had promised not to sew on the Sabbath broke prom- 
ise. Punished by losing use of hands. Sent to Chartres to be cured by 
Virgin Mary. Cantigas 117; cf. Tubach 4135. 

*Q223.6.1.1. Failure to observe holiness of Sabbath punished. Sinner crip- 
pled until confessed his sin. Especulo 273.184, 274.184-85; Tubach 
4135. 

*Q223.6.2. Failure to observe saint's day punished. King who carved stick 
on saint's day reproached. Burned shavings on his own palm. Especu- 
lo 216. l%5. 

Q223.8. Failure to do penance punished. Angel gives ailing sinner three 
days to live. Must do penance and change ways. Spends one day in 
carnal pleasure and dies before able to do penance. Especulo 354.252; 
Tubach 3684. 

*Q223.8. 1 . Penance postponed. Man dies before he has chance to do pen- 
ance. Especulo 407.303-4; Tubach 3668. 

*Q223.8.2. Failure to do penance punished. Sinner repents too late. 
Devils come and take his soul. Especulo 452.351-52; Tubach 3662. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 139 



Q223.9.1. Failure to fast punished by dragon who will carry off monk's 
soul to hell. a.b.c. 438; Especulo 8.7; Tubach 1850. 

*Q223.9.1.1. Failure to fast punished by serpents and demons who tor- 
ment with flames and beatings. Especulo 9.7-8. 
Q225. Punishment for scoffing at religious teachings. 

Q225. Scoffer punished. Man says he prefers braying of asses to clerical 
preaching. Many asses come to his interment, attack his corpse, 
knock it to ground, and kick it. Especulo 224.151; Tubach 620. 

*Q225.0.1. Scoffer punished. Man says he prefers baying of greyhoimds 
to preaching. Two greyhounds in his bed attack him and tear him to 
pieces. Especulo 227.152; cf. Tubach 620. 

Q225.1. Heresy (Arian) punished. Arius made to excrete his entrails. 
a.b.c. 187. 

*Q225.4. Jews punished for breaking God's commandments. Castigos 
50.212-13. 

*Q225.4.1. Punishment for denying Christian God. Persecutor of Chris- 
tians struck down. Especulo 223'. 151. 

*Q225.5. Neglect to attend church punished. Blacksmith in monastery ne- 
glected his religious duties. Sees place in hell reserved for him. 
Especulo 230.153-54. 
Q227. Punishment for opposition to holy man. 

*Q227.4. Opposition to holy man punished. Man who stole his horse was 
magically detained at river. Could not cross until he returned stolen 
mount, a.b.c. 191; Tubach 2636. 

Q227.5. Woman punished for slander against bishop. She carmot give birth 
to her child until she admits she accused bishop falsely, a.b.c. 89, 
285; Tubach 648. 
Q232. Punishment for change of religious faith. 

*Q232.1.1. Christian who became Arian to please king ordered killed for 
lack of constancy in own faith, a.b.c. 169. 

Q233.1. Punishment for exchanging his soul for marriage with beloved. 
Unable to attend church, a.b.c. 23; Tubach 3566. 

Q233.1.2. Punishment for exchanging soul for worldly success. Unable to 
enter church. Cantigas 281. 

*Q235.2. Disobedience punished. Cleric suffers damnation for not having 
obeyed without complaint. Especulo 418.314-15. 
Q240. Sexual sins punished. 

*Q241.3. Woman damned forever for one adulterous act. None of her good 
works nor son's prayers could save her. Especulo 27.19. 

Q241.4. Male storks punish their adulterous mates. Offspring of adultery 
also pxmished. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 83.208; Glosa 2.1.8.40; 
Tubach 4640. 

Q242. Incest punished. Suffer in this life and in next. Castigos 1.40-41. 

Q242.2. Father-daughter incest punished. Father and daughter struck 
down by lighming. Apolonio c. 248. 

*Q242.5. Brother-sister incest punished. Woman bitten by poisonous spi- 
der. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.216. 

140 MOTIF INDEX OF 



Q243. Incontinence punished: miscellaneous. 

*Q243.0.1. Punishment by extinction of royal line for cohabiting with a 
Jewish woman from Toledo. Wounded in batde. Loses battle. Casti- 
gos 21A33. 

*Q243. 0.1.1. Punishment for taking heathen wives. Castigos 20.133. 

*Q243.0.3. Punishment for excessive carnality. Deluge to destroy sinners. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 22.138. 

*Q243.7. Dying man punished for depraved sexual acts with devil dis- 
guised as young woman. Especulo 355.252-54. 

Q244. Punishment for rape: hanging. Youth falsely accused is put on gal- 
lows. Saved by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 355. 

Q244.2. Knight who had raped nun captured when she is mounted mi- 
raculously before him on his horse and holds reins until he is taken 
prisoner. Castigos 19.121-22; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 
47r-48^). 

*Q244.4. Lustful behavior punished. Lecherous woman abused and dis- 
carded. a.b.c. 246: Tubach 1081. 

*Q244.5. Hangman, taken with beauty of murderess, has sex with her 
body after he cuts her down. Publicly flogged. Talavera 1.24.1 17. 

*Q244.6. Woman punishes man who had raped her, severing his head and 
presenting it to her husband to restore her honor. Ilustres mujeres 
13.1(iv-l^r (Wife of Orgiaguntes). 
Q260. Deceptions punished. 

Q260. Deceptions (treachery) punished. Hawk breaks promise to nightin- 
gale, and is caught by hunter. Esopete pp. 62-63. 

*Q261.3. Treachery punished. Teacher who handed children of besieged 
city to enemy punished. Grateful citizens surrender. a.b.c. 256; Glosa 
1.2.12.121; cf Tubach 1082. 

*Q261.4. Emperor severs hand of purported traitor. Severed hand restored 
by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 273; Tubach 2419. 
Q263. Lying (perjury) punished. 

Q263.1. False accusers of innocent woman proven to be perjurers. Con- 
demned to death (Susanna and the Elders). Castigos 9.70; Tubach 
4684. 

*Q263.2. Three false accusers of bishop swear, if not true first would die 
of fire; second of erysipelas; third would lose sight. First two 
punishments occur, and third false accuser cries so much that he 
loses his sight, a.b.c. 235; Especulo 461.359. 

*Q263.3.1. Monk falsely accuses another of theft. God appears to him in 
vision and orders him to be punished, a.b.c. 359. 

*Q263.4.1. Lender forces lying neighbor to perjure self, to swear he had not 
received a loan. Judge punishes lender seriously for sin of destroying 
another's soul. Especulo 457.357. 

*Q263.5. Heretic conceals on person written declaration of his heresy. Pre- 
sents written orthodox statement at same time. Swears to truth of 
what he had written. Punished later when he miraculously excretes 
own entrails. Especulo 460.358-59; Tubach 2534. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 141 



*Q263.6. Woman struck by lightning as punishment for perjury. Had falsely 

accused saint of rape. a.b.c. 158; Tubach 3046. 
Q265.1. Judge who accepted bribes from condemned punished by king. 

(^ifar pp. 107-8. 
Q265.3. Bad judge flayed, and skin put on the judgement chair. His son, 

the new judge, taught by fate of father to be good judge. a.b.c. 223; 

Tubach 2859. 
Q270. ZMisdeeds concerning property punished. 

Q272.1.1. Rich man postponed repentance until dying; pleads with devils 

to spare him until next day. Plea denied. Is carried off. a.b.c. 119, 

357. 
Q272.2. Avaricious man has neck broken when lid of his treasure chest 

falls on him. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 7.99-100 (ADMYTE 21r- 

21z;). 
Q272.3. Miser tries to eat his adored money and chokes to death. a.b.c. 39. 
Q272.4. Avaricious woman and her gold in her grave consumed by hell's 

fires. a.b.c. 40; Tubach 2036. 
*Q272.4.1. Demons in grave throw avaricious man's gold into throat of 

dead man. a.b.c. 123; Tubach 5039. 
*Q272.5. Executor of will keeps money destined to pay masses for dead 

archbishop. Damned. Especulo 263.177. 
*Q272.6. Virgin Mary brings avaricious man back from dead after he has 

seen hell's torments. He has thirty days to save his soul with prayers. 

Milagros 10. 
Q273. Usury punished. 

Q273.3. Man who deserted his usurer father and brother sees them roasting 

in hell and blaming each other for their plight. a.b.c. 430; Tubach 

2006; cf. Tubach 5027. 
Q273.4. Church built by usurer's money made to collapse by devil. a.b.c. 

148; cf. Tubach 5031. 
*Q273.5. Usurer and his descendants punished in hell, ten generations who 

had benefited arranged on a ladder, a.b.c. 385 (not in Paris MS). 
*Q273.6. Saint who accepted alms from usurer punished in hellfire by 

bum on his cheek. Especulo 12.9-10. 
*Q273.7. Usurer gave abbot money to pray for him. God said all but one 

coin had been earned dishonestly. Accepted only one coin on altar. 

a.b.c. 132. 
*Q273.8. Usurer's soul condemned to eternal torment despite generosity to 

monastery. Returns and attacks monks. a.b.c. 149. 
Q277. Covetousness punished. 

*Q277.1. Covetousness punished. Fox betrays wolf to shepherd and eats 

wolfs stores. Shepherd kills fox. Esopete p. 63. 
Q281. Ingratitude punished. 

Q281.1. Devils torment daughter who abused her mother. a.b.c. 336; Espe- 
culo 440.334; Tubach 1442. 
Q281.1.2. Daughter cursed by mother is punished with an illness. Cured by 

saint. a.b.c. 260; Tubach 975, 1440 c). 

142 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*Q281.5. Ingratitude punished. Ungrateful serpent freed from captivity; 
returned to captivity when bites rescuer, a.b.c. 312; Disciplina 5; 
Tubach 4254. 
Q292. Inhospitality punished. 

*Q292.1.1. Fox punished for serving stork (crane) food in flat dish. In 
stork's house given food in tall narrow container. Esopete p. 52; 
Tubach 2170. 
Q300. Contentiousness punished. 

Q301. Jealous monks punished. Dismissed good shepherd who fed poor 
from flock. Wolves and bears came to eat sheep after dismissal. a.b.c. 
143; Tubach 4088 (p. 417). 

*Q302.0.1. Envy and covetousness punished. Twice the reward to other 
(loss of eye). Esopete p. 125; cf. Tubach 3983. 

*Q305. 1 . King made war against Christians. Refused to make peace. God 
helped Christians, and they defeated evil aggressor. Pimished him 
severely, a.b.c. 416. 

Q312.4. Fault-finding with God's handling of weather. Complaining gar- 
dener punished. Seeds will not grow, a.b.c. 104; Tubach 5233. 
Q320. Evil personal habits punished. 

Q321.1. Laziness punished. Queen insists that idle woman who disdains 
spinning yam learn to spin or that she not appear at court. Castigos 
6.59. 
Q327. Discourtesy punished. 

Q327. Nun rebukes prior for the way he addresses her. He will not choose 
her for post of prioress of nunnery because of her impatience. Espe- 
cm/o 438.331. 
Q330. Overweening punished. 

Q331.2.1.5. Devil rides on long skirt of woman. Falls off into mud. Other 
devil laughs at him. a.b.c. 407; Tubach 1660. 

*Q331.2.1.6. Woman in a grand procession exposed to ridicule when her 
wig is snatched off" by a monkey. a.b.c. 334; Especulo 431.326; Tu- 
bach 2400. 

*Q331.2.1.7. Vain woman prays for green eyes (more beautiful eyes). 
Blinded. Prays for restoration of sight. Old eyes are restored. a.b.c. 
371; Especub 536.431-32. 

*Q331.2.3. Jezebel's pride punished. Displays self in window of tower. 
Tower topples; her flesh eaten by dogs. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
6.97 (ADMYTE 17r). 

*Q331.2.4. Noble poet writes poor verses. Demands reward from king be- 
cause of his lineage. King sends him away unrewarded, telling him 
his good lineage has worsened in him. Disciplina 3; Tubach 3829. 

*Q331.2.5. Man in church boasts of his good deeds and decries sins of 
others. Condemned to hell for not confessing his own sins. Castigos 
MS A BNM 6559 86.223. 

*Q331.3. Overweening pride punished. Boastful rich man and his belong- 
ings swallowed up by the earth, a.b.c. 287; Tubach 3938. 

*Q331.4. Woman's vanity punished. Came to mass adorned excessively; 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 143 



devil in form of spider bit her and could not be removed until abbot 

brought Host to banish spider. Especulo 429.325-26. 
*Q331.5. Vain woman will only bathe in rain water from the coimtryside. 

God pxmished her with sores that gave off foul odors. Castigos MS A 

BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 17r). 
*Q332. Vanity of monks punished. Wearers of silken sashes, silver- 
trimmed shoes. St. Martin and angel killed them all. Especulo 428.325. 
Q340. Meddling punished. 

Q341. Curiosity punished. Man kills wife for looking at other men 

through her window, a.b.c. 63. 
*Q341 . 1 . Inquisitiveness punished. Monkey sees carpenter astride a beam, 

splitting wood with a wedge. Tries imsuccessfrilly to perform task; 

genitals fall into split and are crushed. Carpenter returns and beats 

him. Calila pp. 125-26; Exemplario llr-llz;. 
Q380. Deeds punished: miscellaneous. 

Q385. Panther captured in pitfall beaten by first peasants to find it but 

released by newcomers. When recovered, panther kills cattle belong- 
ing to the peasants who mistreated him. Esopete p. 76. 
Q386.1. Devil punishes young woman who loves to dance. Returns to tell 

of torment in hell where she must dance forever. Especulo 134.92; 

Tubach 1429. 
Q393. Evil speech punished. 

*Q393.0.1. Evil speech punished. Man spoke ill of bishop. Bit off his own 

tongue and died. Especulo 176.119. 
Q393.1. Punishment for talking too much. Talkative mm's dead body cut 

in half and burned, a.b.c. 247; cf Tubach 4706. 
Q393.2. Gossip punished. St. Augustine did not tolerate those who spoke 

ill of others. Especulo 173.117-18. 
*Q393.3. Gossipers reproached. Moribund monk scolds brothers who 

speak ill of him. Especulo 174.118. 
*Q393.4. Flatterer punished for praising. Beheaded. Castigos MS A BNM 

6559 35.156 (ADMYTE lllr); Glosa 1.2.8.100. 
*Q393.5 Returned pilgrim tells others not to make pilgrimage. Pvmished, 

falls, and bites own tongue off. Especulo 146.99-100. 
Q395. Disrespect punished. 

*Q396. Author dreams he is beaten by angry women for misogyny. Tala- 

vera 4.3.305; Grisel 367-70. 
*Q397. Soldiers loot holy person's cell, eat Host, drink sacramental wine, 

beat him. Half a league away, one bites own tongue and chokes; 

others die miserably. Especulo 222.150-51. 

Q400-Q599. KINDS OF PUNISHMENTS 
Q410. Capital punishment. 

*Q411.11.3. Desecrating sanctuary punished. Consul makes law abolish- 
ing sanctuary. Kills enemies captured in church. Later takes sanctu- 
ary himself, and emperor executes him. Especulo 211.146. 

*Q4 11.16. Death as punishment for having buried unshriven sinner in 

144 MOTIF INDEX OF 



church. Bishop paid by rich sinner, warned by sacristan that he would 

die in thirty days. a.b.c. 353; Especulo 512.405. 
*Q4 11.17, Treacherous steward who kills Jew under royal protection is 

executed. a.b.c. 167; Tubach 2799. 
Q414. Burning alive. Monks, ordered bumed alive by king, achieve mar- 
tyrdom. Barlaam p. 31. 
*Q414.0.3.2. Stepmother who lusted after stepson^ rejected, accuses him of 

rape. Deceit proven. Punished by burning. Sendebar p. 155. 
Q415.8. Heretic preaching against God's creation hits fly that has landed 

on his head so many times that he falls dead. Gatos 6; Tubach 2103. 
*Q415.10. Witch hanged in doorway of man she had poisoned. Body taken 

away to be bumed. Talavera 2.13.198. 
Q422. Punishment: stoning to death. Evil king stoned by populace. Qifar 

p. 100; Glosa 1.2.14.134. 
*Q422. 1 . Punishment: stoning as punishment for adultery. Castigos MS 

ABNM6559 9.103. 
Q431. Punishment: banishment. 

*Q43 1.3.1. Visiting prince who violated royal prohibition against asking why 

king never laughed is banished from realm. Sent away in an oarless 

boat. C^t/arp. 130; Tubach 4994. 
*Q43 1 .20. Calumniated hero banished. King's advisers accuse him falsely. 

CMC w. 1 1-64; 267. 
Q432. Punishment: ejection. 

Q432.1. Owl hatched by hawk ejected for fouling nest. Especulo 535.422. 
Q436. Unrepentant priest excommunicated. Dies when begins to say mass. 

Especulo 268.181; Tubach 3211. 
*Q436.1. Associating with the excommunicated punished. King stricken 

dead in house of offending count. Especulo 270.181-82. 
Q450. Cruel punishments. 

Q451.1. Hand severed as punishment for treachery. a,b.c. 273. 
Q451.4. Tongue cut out as punishment. 

*Q451.4.6.1. Tongue cut out by heretics. Pious man who sang praise of 

Virgin Mary punished. Cantigas 156. 
Q451.4.8.1. Tongue bitten off by wife as punishment for adultery. Tala- 
vera 1.24.119. 
*Q451.4.8.2. Tongue cut (bitten) as punishment. Man who had told 

others not to make pilgrimage falls and bites own tongue o£f. Especulo 

146.99-100. 
Q451.S. Nose cut off as punishment. 

Q451.5.2. Nose cut off as punishment for theft. Lawyer stole land from 

church. Saint appears and tells him to return it. Third time cuts off 

nose as sign of perjury and theft. Especulo 458.357-58. 
Q451.7. Blinding as punishment. 

*Q451.7.0.3. Magic blindness as punishment for perjury. Monk has said he 

will go blind if he lies, a.b.c. 235. 
*Q451.7.0.4. Eyes fall out magically as punishment for blasphemy. a.b.c. 

236; Tubach 1949. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 45 



Q451.7.5. Eyes gouged out as punishment for cruelty and idolatry. Royal 
son permitted to rule. a.b.c. 22; Tubach 705. 

*Q45 1 .7.6. Blindness punishment used as weapon against enemy. Covetous 
and envious. Twice the wish to the enemy, a.b.c. 217; Esopete p. 125; 
Tubach 3983. 

*Q451.7.7. Blindness as punishment for adultery, a.b.c. 224. 

*Q451.7.8. Mother (Empress Irene) orders that her son's eyes be put out. 
a.b.c. 295 (not in Paris MS). 

*Q451.7.9. Knight stricken blind for scofifing at Virgin Mary. Cantigas 
314. 

Q451.10. Punishment: genitals cut off. Wife punishes husband for un- 
faithfulness. Talavera 1.24.118. 

Q455. 1 . Walling up as punishment for conspiracy to murder seven prince- 
lings and their mother. Ultramar 1.1.66.1 16. 

Q467.1. Man accused of rape put in sack sealed with pitch and thrown in 
river, a.b.c. 172. 

Q469.7. Punishment: twisting entrails from body. a.b.c. 187; Tubach 2534 
(excreting). 
Q470. Humiliating punishments. 

Q492. Woman must relight magic fires as punishment. Magician, in repay- 
ment for ill-treatment by woman, causes lights of the city to go out. 
They can only be relighted from the genitals (naked body) of the 
woman. None can be relighted vmtil all have applied torches. LB A 
cc. 261-68. 

*Q493.2. Devil transforms priest's concubine into mare. Devil rides her to 
blacksmith's shop. She identifies self as blacksmith's mother. Especulo 
113.13-1 A. 

*Q495.2. Woman raped and mutilated for lechery. Impaled vaginally. 
a.b.c. 246. 

*Q499.2.3. Humiliating death questioned. No sins committed to merit 
death at hands of asses. Esopete pp. 24-25. 
Q500. Tedious punishments. 

Q501.9. Man punished for sin; must be perpetual bathhouse attendant. 
Saint's prayers free him. a.b.c. 372; Especulo 152.106, 159.108-9; 
Tubach 504. 

*Q501.10. Saintly man punished for single sin. Must be perpetual bath- 
house attendant. Freed because of previous virtuous life. a.b.c. 150; 
Tubach 504. 
Q520. Penances. 

Q520.2. Robber does penance. Will live with next creature he encounters. 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.224. 

Q520.4. King who gave many death sentences accepts penance. Postpones 
sentence until thirty days' period of examination has passed. Glosa 
1.13.68-69; Castigos 10.107-8. 

Q520.5. Penance in wilderness as punishment for two friars who left holy 
orders to marry. One spent year weeping about sin; second, praising 
God for having been saved. a.b.c. 356; Tubach 3670. 

146 MOTIF INDEX OF 



Q522.3. Penance for desiring to leave monastery to marry: creeping naked 
through thorns, a.h.c. 251. 

*Q522.4.1. Penance: Man afflicted with leprosy as punishment makes pil- 
grimage to Holy Land to die there. Lucanor Ex. 44. 

Q522.8. Penitent wears poisonous snake wrapped around him. Is bitten 
and dies. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.224. 

Q523.2. Penance: walking on all fours, naked and grazing like a beast. 
a.h.c. 387. 

*Q523.7.1. Sinner demands penance of three years: denied, then one year; 
denied, then forty days. Told that three days suffice if sincere. a.h.c. 
296 (not in Paris MS)] Tubach 3690. 
Q535. Negative penances. 

Q535.2. Penance: lion forgoes meat. Hunter kills her cubs. Jackal tells her 
he and other animals have had same experience at her hands. She 
gives up meat and lives on grass. Calila p. 300; Exemplario 11 r. 

*Q535.2.1. Penance: lion forgoes fruit. Advised that trees are not bearing 
enough fruit because of her appetite. Eats grass. Calila p. 300. 

*Q535.2.2. Penance for seven days: covetousness — eat chick peas; 
pride — ^vetches; avarice — porridge; lust — spinach; anger— lentils; 
gluttony — bread and water; envy — beans. LBA cc. 1163-69. 
Q550. JMiraculous punishments. 

*Q551.3.2.9. Punishment: snake transformed into frog-king's mount, con- 
demned to eat only those frogs given him by king. Calila p. 248. 

Q551.6.4. Magic sickness as punishment for theft. Apostate emperor stole 
holy vessels and sat on them. Pans of body that had touched vessels 
when he sat rotted, and he died. Especulo 209M45. 

*Q55 1.6.4.1. Magic punishment for theft. Priest who stole silver from 
cross in Virgin Mary's church blinded. His nose grew down to cover 
his mouth. Could neither eat nor drink. Cantigas 318. 

Q551.6.5. Magic sickness as punishment for desecration of holy places 
(images, etc.). Military commander urinates on altar; Jew in holy ves- 
sels. Excrement pours out of commander's mouth, and he dies; 
blood pours from Jew's mouth, and he dies. Especulo 210.145-46. 

Q551.6.5.1. Magic manifestation: blood flows from blasphemer's mouth. 
a.b.c. 55. 

Q551.6.5.2. Magic manifestation: eyes fall out of sockets of blasphemer. 
a.b.c. 55. 

Q551.8.6. Magic punishment for denying the Virgin Mary: tongue extends 
a palm's width and protrudes from mouth; dies, a.b.c. 52. 

*Q551.8.8. Magic strangulation for violating holy object. Chasuble woven 
for good priest by Virgin Mary strangles bad priest who wears it. 
Milagros 1. 

*Q551.8.9. Magic punishment for arson. Man who ordered burning of 
Virgin Mary's church blinded. Cured after he orders its reconstruc- 
tion. Cantigas 316. 

*Q551.8.10. Magic punishment for damaging Virgin Mary's church. Man 
kicking door breaks leg, loses senses and speech. Spends rest of life 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 147 



able to utter only her name. Cantigas 317. 
*Q551.9.2.1. Magic illness: Monk says he hopes he will suffer erysipelas 

if he has perjured himself. a.b.c. 235. 
*Q551.9.3. Magic illness: plague visited on man who attacked saint. 

a.h.c. 100. 
*Q551.9.4. Magic illness: man who denied Jesus and Mary suffers inter- 
nal bleeding and dies. a.b.c. 55. 
*Q551.9.5. Magic illness: heretic denied Trinity and was struck dead by 

three blows from angel, a.h.c. 169. 
*Q551.9.6. Magic illness: man accuses wife unjusdy. She prays that God 

send sign of innocence. Husband miraculously contracts leprosy. Lu- 

canor Ex. 44. 
*Q551.9.7. Magic illness: ghost of St. Gregory strikes mortal blow to 

head of his successor who had spoken ill of him. a.b.c. 100. 
*Q551.9.7.1. Magic illness: priest falls ill and dies after speaking ill of 

saint, a.b.c. 100. 
*Q551.9.8. Unrepentant sinner's body burned by invisible fires. Clothing 

intact, body ravaged by punishing fire. Especulo 120.78-79. 
*Q551.9.9. Punishment from otherworld: leprosy, erysipelas, and poverty. 

Executors of usurer's will do not make restitution of his ill-gotten 

wealth. Especulo 262.176-77. 
Q552. Prodigious event as punishment. 

Q552.1. Creditor in pursuit of poor debtor curses God and the Virgin Mary. 

Is cleaved in two by lighming. a.b.c. 324. 
Q552.1.7. Lightning bolt kills false accuser of saintly person. a.b.c. 158; 

Tubach 3046. 
*Q552. 1.7.1. Mother who lusted after own son, rejected, accuses him of 

rape. Struck by lightning and burned to cinders, a.b.c. 158, 172; Tu- 
bach 2734. 
*Q552.1.8.2. Blasphemer cleaved in two by lightning, a.b.c. 324; Tubach 

680. 
Q552.4.1. Voice of sheep comes from thief s belly when bishop calls for an 

admission of theft, a.b.c. 179; Tubach 4317. 
*Q552.18.4. Bears and wolves miraculously appear to devour sheep of 

cruel and unjust monks who have sent away charitable shepherd. 

a.b.c. 143; Tubach 519; see Tubach p. 417 for 4088. 
Q554. Mysterious visitation as punishment. 

Q554.1. Punishment. Devil carries off thief who stole tithes from church. 

Especulo 170.114-15. 
Q554.1.1. Punishment. Charlemagne carried off to hell for having given 

tithes to his knights. Especulo 172.115. 
Q558. Mysterious death as punishment. 

*Q558.4.1. Farmer, angered by storm that destroyed vineyard, curses, 

raises knife to sky to harm God. Knife falls and cuts his throat. 

Especulo 80.52. 
Q559. Other miraculous punishments. 

Q559.5.1 Birth of child prevented until woman confesses slander. She 

148 MOTIF INDEX OF 



had accused saint of fathering her child, a.b.c. 89; Especulo 436.330- 

31; cf. Tubach 648, 1915. 
Q559.5.2. Woman's hand withers as punishment for breaking oath to 

God. a.b.c. 165. 
Q559.il. Heretic miraculously made to excrete his- entrails. Especulo 

460.358-59; a.b.c. 187; Tubach 2534. 
*Q559.12. Man who bared his rear parts to Jesus paralyzed except for 

tongue leaving him able to say "Ave Maria." a.b.c. Al. 
*Q559.13. Sailor, punished for scoffing at churchgoers, goes to tavern and 

body swells to bursting point. Cured when prays to Virgin Mary. 

Cantigas 244. 
Q560. Punishments in hell. 

*Q560.2.4. Nun condemned to eternal damnation, returns to tell sisters 

that there is no respite in hell, a.b.c. 73; cf. Tubach 1188 a) 4. 
*Q560.2.5. Saint would choose to go to hell over committing mortal sin. 

Knows he would be released from hell if sinless. Especulo 450.348- 

49. 
*Q560.4. Sinner condemned to serve eternally as bathhouse attendant saved 

by prayers of holy man. a.b.c. 372; Tubach 3685. 
Q561.3. Seau heating in hell for sinners. If they do penance, seat falls 

away. Especulo 455.353; Tubach 4216. 
*Q563. 1 . Usurer and his descendants punished in hell, ten generations who 

had benefited arranged on a ladder. a.b.c. 385 (not in Paris MS). 
*Q563.1.2. Bad Christians in even lower position in hell than Jews. They 

had been redeemed and had not valued their redemption. a.b.c. 435. 
Q566. Punishments by heat in hell. 

*Q566.1. Sinner buried in church. Voice from grave says "I am burning. " 

Grave opened to find only shroud, a.b.c. 400. 
*Q566.2. Angel tells saint that hellfire is hotter than earthly fire. Tells 

listeners earthly fire is like a painting; hellfire is real. Especulo 

329.231. 
*Q566.3. Fire rises from grave of sinner showing he was burning in hell. 

a.b.c. 404; Tubach 2037. 
*Q566.4. Man who deserted his usurer father and brother sees them roasting 

in hell and blaming each other for their plight, a. b. c. 430; Tubach 5027. 
*Q566.5. Lawyers bathe in special hell's fire. a.b.c. 12. 
*Q566.6. Avaricious woman and her gold in her grave consumed by hell's 

fires. a.b.c. 40. 
*Q569.6. Soul wrenched from bodies with pitchforks by devil. Soul carried 

off to hell. a.b.c. 293; Tubach 4553. 
*Q569.7. Hideous punishment of lecherous cleric. Cauldron of pitch and 

sulphur; red-hot metal pans applied to body. Especulo 355.252-54. 
Q570. Punishment and remission. 

*Q570.2. Magic foul disease as punishment for persecution of Christians. 

Remitted when persecution is ceased, a.b.c. 373; Tubach 4362. 
Q571. Magic blindness as punishment remitted. Woman repents, a.b.c. 

371. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 49 



Q578. Spirit in hell freed from humiliating punishment as bathhouse atten- 
dant. a.b.c. 372; Tubach 2534. 

*Q578.1. Woman unable to give birth until she admits falsehood of accus- 
ing bishop of fathering the baby. Remitted when she confesses, a.b.c. 
89, 285. 

*Q578.2. Woman's arm withered for breaking vow not to work on feast 
day. Repents and repeats her vow. Punishment is remitted. a.b.c. 
165. 
Q580. Punishment fitted to crime. 

*Q581.1.1. Metalworker built a hollow metal bull as instrument of pun- 
ishment to curry favor with ruler. Victims put inside and bull heated. 
Ruler insists that metalworker be first victim, a.b.c. 316; Tubach 
3134. 

Q582.9. King falls dead when he sees his sons whom he had never punished 
killed in battle, ^ifar p. 83. 

*Q583.5. Punishment for false accusations. Ghost of evil man appears and 
mutilates tongue. Especulo 61 .A6. 

Q586. Son on gallows bites his mother's (father's) nose off: punishment for 
lack of discipline in youth. a.b.c. 338; Qifar pp. 82-83; Esopete pp. 
112-13; Castigos 1.41; Glosa 2.2.2.130; Especulo 287.196-98; Tubach 
3488. 

*Q586.1. Father who raised dissolute sons punished. They will die before 
his eyes, and then he will perish. Castigos 1.40. 

Q588.1. Man cruel to his father, told by his own son that he will be mis- 
treated thus in his old age. a.b.c. 337; Tubach 2001. 

*Q595.5. Loss of property as punishment. Merchant's cargo and vessels 
lost at sea until he returns ill-gotten gains to church. Especulo 13.10. 

*Q595.6. Loss of property as punishment. Pet monkey steals merchant's 
ill-gotten gold coins and tosses them into the sea. Especulo 14.11. 

*Q599.2. Unreasonable threat of punishment to cook, to baker, and to 
host's wife to frighten guest. Esopete pp. 13-14. 

*Q599.2.1. Gluttony punished. Three diners at saint's table pxmished. 
Floor gives way under them injuring them badly. Especulo 1.4. 



R. CAPTIVES AND FUGITIVES 



R0-R99. CAPTIVITY 
RIO. Abduction. 

Rl 1.2.1.1. Soldier recognizes that evil emperor is devil's man. Devils come 
and carry off their man. a.b.c. 114. 

*R1 1.2.1.2. A rich man, greedy and avaricious, about to die, asks for one 
night's delay. Devils take soul in morning. a.b.c. 119, 357; cf. Tu- 
bach 1643. 



150 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*R1 1.2.1.3. Devils carry off daughter who abused her mother, a.b.c. 336; 

Tubach 1442. 
*R1 1.2.3. Devils carry off evil judge who had always prayed to Virgin 

Mary. Throw him into boiling pit. Virgin rescues him. Cantigas 119; 

cf. Tubach 2852. 
R12. Abduction by pirates. 

R12.1. Princess abducted by pirates. They sell her as slave. Apolonio cc. 

391-94. 
*R1 2.2.2. Holy man abducted by Moors. Ships caimot sail imtil he is re- 
leased. Cantigas 95. 
*R12.5. Knight's wife abducted in boat by sailors. Qifar p. 27. 
R13. Abduction by animal. 

R 13. 1.2. Lion carries off child, ^ifarp. 26. 

Rl 3. 1.5.1. Wolf carries off child beside a stream. Ultramar II.2.254- 

57.370-78. 
R39. Abduction: miscellaneous. 

*R39.3. Deacon carried off by enemy intent on killing him. a.b.c. 295. 
*R39.4. Princess abducted by Jupiter disguised as bull. Eustres mujeres 

9.\5v-\6r (Europa). 
*R39.5. Queen abducted by lover. Taken away in ship. Eustres mujeres 

35.A\i^A3v (Helen). 
R45. Captivity in mound (cave, hollow, hill). 

R45.2. Imprisonment in lion's den. Lions show reverence for captive 

(Daniel). Castigos 9.69-70. 
R70. Behavior of captives. 

*R81.2. Woman suckles imprisoned parent denied food by jailers. Eustres 

mujeres 65.69r-70r (unknown young Roman woman); a.b.c. 171, 

173; Glosa 2.2.4.137-38; Tubach 3969. 

R100-R199. RESCUES 

*R1 11.4.1. Young woman betrothed to a prince brought to Alexander (Afri- 
canus) for his use. He sends her back untouched to her betrothed 
(Tercia Emilia). Eustres mujeres 74.78r-78v; a.b.c. 82, 83; Glosa 
1.2.15.140; Tubach 3971; cf Tubach 138. 
R121. Means of rescue from prison. 

R121.6. Virgin Mary (Santiago) enters prison, breaks devotee's fetters. She 
(he) departs without guards seeing him. Cantigas 83, 158, 176, 301, 
325; Santiago 1.45-48, 11.73-74, 20.99-101; Tubach 2768. 

*R 12 1.6. 3. Virgin Mary appears to captive Jew, shows him advantages of 
Christianity. Freed, he enters monastery. Cantigas 85; Tubach 2768. 

*R 12 1.6. 4. Virgin Mary appears to Christian captive of Moors; transports 
her (him) magically to homeland. Cantigas 325, 359. 

*R1 21 .6.5. Rescue from prison by Virgin Mary. Captive beaten by Moorish 
captors, rescued magically without captors' knowledge. Cantigas 227. 

*R 12 1.6. 6. Rescue from prison by Virgin Mary. Captive tortured by cap- 
tors. Crosses river without getting wet to reach monastery safely. 
Cantigas 245. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 5 1 



*R121.6.7. Rescue from prison by Virgin Mary. Scholar imprisoned for 
having raped a woman repents and composes a song in praise of Vir- 
gin. She frees him so that he will serve her for rest of life. Cantigas 
291. 

*R121.11. Captive interprets king's dream. Reward is his freedom and 
that of all the other captives. a.b.c. 61; Tubach 1785. 

*R 123.1. Captive prayed for release to Virgin Mary. Sees doors open, fet- 
ters broken, is able to flee Moorish prison. Cantigas 83; Tubach 926. 

*R123.2. Prisoners promise to give money to church. Virgin Mary frees 
them miraculously. Cantigas 106. 

*R 123.3. Troubadour imprisoned sings song for Virgin Mary. Finds himself 
magically freed. Cantigas 363. 
R130. Rescue of abandoned or lost persons. 

Rl 3 1.1 0.2. Hermit rescues seven abandoned princelings who had been nur- 
tured by doe in desert. Ultramar 1.1.56.93-95. 
R141. Rescue from well (body of water). 

*R141.1. Virgin Mary rescues royal falconers from drowning. Had fallen 
into water. Cantigas 243. 

*R141.2. Fox rescued from well. Persuades wolf to descend into well in 
one bucket, thereby rescuing fox in other. Esopete pp. 144-46; Discip- 
lina 23; Gatos lA; Tubach 5247; cf. Tubach 2175. 
R150. Rescuers. 

R152.1. Wife (wives) rescues husband from prison by exchanging clothes 
with him; she remains in prison; he leaves. Ilustres mujeres 29.36r-37z; 
(Wives of the Minias); PCG 2.718.420-21; Abreviada 2.263; Castigos 
MS A BNM 6559 77.209; Glosa 2.1.8.42-43; Jardin p. 267; Tubach 
5328. 

*R1 52. 1 . 1 . Brother rescues sister from brothel. Exchanges clothes and takes 
place. Jardin p. 258; Glosa 2.2.20.214. 

*R152.1.2. Princess frees captive in exchange for promise of marriage. PCG 
2.710.413; Abreviada 2.255; cf. Tubach 3811. 

Rl 53.3.1. Father and son captured. One must die, and one must escape. 
Father chooses to die. a.b.c. 339; Tubach 2005. 

Rl 53.3.5. Fathers carry children on head to save them from flood, even 
dying. Mothers stepped over and on children oying to escape to 
safety. Castigos 5.55. 

*R154.4. Son-in-law rescues father-in-law from captivity. Lucanor Ex. 
25. 

R165. Holy man rescues deacon. Captors have warned that he will die if 
deacon flees. Holy man relies on God's protection. a.b.c. 295; Tu- 
bach 4153. 

R165.1. Rescue of poor young woman. St. Nicholas tosses a golden apple 
through poor man's window so that his daughter can marry and not 
be sold into slavery. Castigos 7.62-63. 

R165.2. Hanged youth saved miraculously by saint. Father returns after 
three months to find son alive on gallows. Saved by Virgin Mary 
(Santiago), a.b.c. 38; Santiago 5.56.61; Cantigas 175; Tubach 3796. 

152 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*R167.1. Monk who left monastery rescued from dragon who intends 

eating him. Calls for help. Other monks rescue him, and he returns 

to monastery. Especulo 53.31 . 
R16S. Angels as rescuers. 

*R168.1. Man hanging on edge o/ c/ij^ miraculously rescued by angel in 

form of poor man with whom he had shared food. Especulo 245.164- 

65. 
*R168.2. Angel enters prison, breaks saint's feturs, and frees him. Castigos 

37.174; Tubach 926. 
R169. Other rescuers. 

*R 169.0.1. Virgin Mary rescues Jewish woman who had been thrown off 

cliff. Woman promises conversion and devotion to Virgin. Cantigas 

107. 
R169.6 Youth saved from death sentence by father's friend. Esopete pp. 

137-39; Tubach 2209. 
*R169.15.1. Young woman rescued by pirates. Her would-be assassin 

flees. Apolonio cc. 384-86. 
R170. Rescue: miscellaneous motifs. 

*R176.1. Executioner's arm miraculously frozen in midair. Condemned 

holy man saved, a.b.c. 295. 
*R176.2. Execution cancelled. King recognizes long-lost wife and sons. 

Qifar pp. 55-56. 

R200-R299. ESCAPES AND PURSUITS 

*R243.2. Deer rescued from hunters by ox. Owner spies him. Spares him 
(eats him). Esopete p. 67; Tubach 4596. 



S. UNNATURAL CRUELTY 



S0-S99. CRUEL RELATIVES 
SIO. Cruel relative. 

*S1 1.3.9. Father asked to leave child with another for his pleasure says he 
would rather leave them all. Draws sword and kills three. Castigos 
MS A BNM 6559 13.118 (ADMYTE 52vy, Glosa 1.3.7.270. 

*S11.3.10. Father asked to leave child with another for his pleasure, draws 
sword and dismembers child, leaves the pieces. Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 13.118 (ADMYTE 52?;); Glosa 1.3.7.270. 

*S11.8. Cruel Jewish father throws son in oven. Enraged because son went 
to church and took communion, a.b.c. 269; Milagros 16; Cantigas 4; 
Tubach 2041. 

*S1 1.9. Cruel and dissolute father seeks to corrupt son. Son gives up inheri- 
tance and leaves. Castigos 1.41-42; Tubach 362. 

*S 11.10. Cruel sister. Kills young brother, throws dismembered parts in 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 53 



path of pursuing father to delay him. Ilustres mujeres \6.23r-23v 

(Medea). 
S12. Cruel mother. 

SI 2.2. Cruel mother kills child and eats it during siege of her city. PCG 

1.135; Castigos 5.55; Abreviada 1.196. 
*S 12.2.2.4. Cruel mothers step over and on children to escape flood. Cas- 
tigos 5.55. 
*S 12.2.4. Depressed mother kills newborn babies, offspring of sexual union 

with godfather. Cantigas 201. 
*S12.2.5. Depressed mother plans to kill baby penetrating head with needle. 

Virgin Mary intervenes; saves baby; woman enters religious order, 

Cantigas 399. 
SI 2.2.6. Mother shamed (maddened) by brutal violation by invading army 

throws baby into sea. Ultramar III.4. 155.570. 
*S1 2.3.1. Cruel mother. Has lover kill her child to prevent child's 

revealing their secret. Talavera 1.24.117. 
*S 12.3.2. Son-in-law killed by order of mother-in-law who lusted after 

him. Cantigas 255. 
SI 2.4. Cruel mother. Empress Irene ordered son's eyes taken out. a.b.c. 

295 (not in Paris MS). 
SI 2.4.1. Cruel mother. Kills children because husband has new love. 

Ilustres mujeres \6.23r-23v (Medea). 
SI 2.8. .(4// male children killed by Amazons or given to fathers (Marsepia 

& Lampedon). Ilustres mujeres 11.17r-18r; Abreviada 1.467. 
*S12.9. Queen mother kills all heirs to throne so that she can rule. Ilustres 

mujeres 49.56^>-58r (Athaliah). 
S20. Cruel children. 

*S20.3. Children do great harm to mother. She curses them. a.b.c. 260. 
*S21.6. Cruel son's victims are his father's servants. Father is told to yoke 

young ox to old one to show how cruel son should be disciplined. 

Esopete pp. 64-65. 

521.7. Cruel son mistreats father. Told by his own son that he will be 
mistreated thus in his old age. a.b.c. 337; Tubach 2001. 

521.8. Cruel daughter. Soul is tormented because she had mistreated 
mother. a.b.c. 336; Tubach 1440. 

S22. Parricide. 

*S22.4. Daughter suffocates father and installs lover in house. Talavera 

1.24.117. 
*S22.5. Royal son tortures father and then orders him killed. a.b.c. 416, 
S60. Cruel spouse. 

*S61. Amazon women kill surviving husbands so that no woman among 
them be favored over others. Ilustres mujeres 11.17r-18r (Marsepia & 
Lampedon). 
S62. Cruel husband. 

*S62.5. Husbands assault wives, leave them battered to die in woods, 
CMC w. 2697-2762; Abreviada 3.135. 
S70. Other cruel relatives. 

154 MOTIF INDEX OF 



S73.3. King blinds his three brothers for plotting treason. PCG 2.656.376, 

2.685.391; cf. Tubach 705. 
S74. Cruel nephew. Kills uncle for his money. a.b.c. 120; Tubach 5020. 

S100-S199. REVOLTING MURDERS OR MUTILATIONS 

SI 10. Murders. 

*S1 10.0.1. Emperor orders death of seven thousand citizens as pimishment 

for stoning of two officials. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 10.107-8; 

Tubach 1494. 
*S1 10.0.2. King, told by advisor that he drinks too much, demonstrates his 

sobriety by shooting an arrow through heart of advisor's son. Castigos 

MS A BNM 6559 13.118; Glosa 1.3.7.270. 
*S1 10.0.3. Cruel king serves the flesh of his enemy's children to him. 

Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13.118 (ADMYTE 52^;); Glosa 

1.3.7.270-71. 
*S1 10.6. Queen (Beronice) pursues killer of her sons, lancing him and run- 
ning her chariot over his body. Ilustres mujeres ll.ldr-ltv. 
*S110.7. Queen (Clytemnestra) tricks husband with shirt with no opening 

for head. Once donned, he is blinded and handed over to assassins. 

Ilustres mujeres 34.40^^-4 It*. 
Sill. Murder by poison. 

*S1 11.10. Husband, knowing his wife is inclined to be contrary, leaves her 

two unguents. Warns her not to apply poisonous one but to use other 

one. She disobeys and dies. Lucanor Ex. 27; cf Tubach 5277. 
*S1 11.11. Husband wants to kill unfaithful wife. Tells her not to drink 

poisoned wine (knowing she will disobey). She dies. Talavera 

2.7.175; cf. Tubach 5277. 
*S1 11.12. Husband wants to kill wife. Prepares a chest armed with a 

crossbow. When opened, arrow will kill opener. Tells her not to open 

chest, and she does. Talavera 2.1. Ill; cf. Tubach 5277. 
SI 12. Burning to death. Man swears he will bum to death if accusation 

of another's guilt is not true. Burned to death, a.b.c. 235. 
*S112.8. Torturer who invented a machine to bum others is burned to 

death in his own machine, a.b.c. 316; Tubach 3134. 
*S1 13.2.4. Murder by suffocation. Daughter suffocates father so that she 

and lover can live in his house. Talavera 1.24.117. 
*S 113.3. Murder by drowning. Husband and wife quarrel over whether 

she has a knife or a pair of scissors. Murderous husband kicks her 

into river. She drowns shouting "scissors," using fingers to signal 

"scissors." She dies. Talavera 2.7.178; cf. Tubach 5284, 5285. 
*S1 13.4. Husband warns wife not to enter empty furnace (oven) (knowing 

that she will disobey him). She does so, and it falls in upon her. 

a.b.c. 307; Tubach 5277. 
S139. Miscellaneous cruel murders. 

*S 139.0.1. Cruel king uses courtier's son as living target. Shoots arrow at 

boy to prove marksmanship. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13.118 

(ADMYTE 52?;). 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 155 



8139.2,2.1, Heads of slain enemies as trophies. PCG 742.440. 

*S139.7, Cruel king has courtier's children killed, dismembered, and cooked. 
Dish is served to father, Castigos MS A BNM 6559 13,118 
(ADMYTE 52^;), 
S140. Cruel abandonments and exposures. 

*S 144,2, Infants abandoned in wilderness by compassionate executioner 
who could not kill them, Ultramar 1,1,50,92, 

*S 144,3, Newborn baby set adrift in chest in sea. Amadis 1,1, 
SI 46. Abandonment in pit. 

*S 146, 1,1, Abandonment in well. Thieves leave cleric in well who cried 
out to Virgin Mary as he falls; he survives and is rescued by shep- 
herds, Cantigas 102, 

5160. Mutilations. 

5161. Mutilation: cutting off of hands. 

SI 61, Emperor severs hand of suspected traitor, a.b.c. 273, 
*S 16 1,1, 2, Self-mutilation. Holy man severs offending hand, a.b.c. 273. 
S163. Mutilation: cutting (tearing out) tongue. 

SI 63, Wife bites off deceitful husband's tongue. Addresses now-mute mate: 

"With this you will never speak to her again nor deceive another," 

Talavera 1.24,119, 
*S 163,1, Punishment for false accusations. Ghost of evil man appears and 

mutilates own tongue repeatedly, Especulo 67,46, 
*S 163,2, Man (woman) bites off own tongue and spits it in torturer's face 

rather than divulge names of co-conspirators, Ilustres mujeres 48,55v- 

56z; (Leena); a.b.c. 376 (not in Paris MS); cf, Tubach 4911, 
*S 163,2,1, Pythagorean virgin spits tongue in face of man who threatens her. 

Jardin p, 251; Glosa 2,2,21,220, 
*S1 63,3, Man bites off own tongue and spits it in king's face rather than let 

king cut it out, Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31,148; Ghsa 1,2,14,134. 
S169. Beheading. 

*S 1 69, 1 , Prince who had raped kinswoman is killed and beheaded, a. b. c. 62, 
*S 169,2, Severed head. Caesar cried upon seeing Pompey's severed 

head, a.b.c. 66, 
*S 169,3, Severed heads of seven sons and their tutor displayed to father for 

identification, Abreviada 2,287; PCG 743,441, 
*S 169,4, Victorious queen puts severed head of enemy in wineskin filled 

with blood of her soldiers. He will now drink their blood, Ilustres 

mujeres ^1 .5^v-55v (Tamires), 
*S169,5, Wife brings severed head of captor who raped her to her husband 

to repair her damaged honor, Ilustres mujeres 73,76t>-78r (Wife of Or- 

giaguntes). 
Si 76. Mutilations: sex organs. 

SI 76.1. Woman cuts off penis of unfaithful lover. Addresses severed mem- 
ber: "Neither for yourself, nor for me, nor for another woman will 

you serve," Talavera 1,24,118, 
SI 77, Lecherous duchess physically abused by conqueror. Used her for one 



156 MOTIF INDEX OF 



night; handed her over to his soldiers for their use; disposed of, 
impaled vaginally. a.b.c. 246; Tubach 1081. 

S200-S299. CRUEL SACRIFICES 

5262. Periodic sacrifices to monster (enemy). 

S262.2. One hundred maidens to be sent as tribute to enemy in exchange 
for a promise of peace. PCG 2.629.329. 

5263. Sacrifice to appease spirits (gods). 

*S263.2.4. Man is willing to sacrifice son (throw him into an oven) to 
enter monastery. Son saved, a.b.c. 109; Glosa 1.2.27.201; Tubach 
4476. 

S300-S399. ABANDONED OR MURDERED CHILDREN 

S354. Abandoned infant (Oedipus) reared at strange king's court. Ilustres 
mujeres 23.29v-3Qr Qocasta). 



T. SEX 



T(V-T99. LOVE 
T24. The symptoms of love. 

T24.1. Love-sickness. Princess cured of love-sickness by marriage with 

beloved. Apolonio cc. 197-238. 
*T24.9. Love-sickness. Man gives up his betrothed to friend whose sick- 
ness can only be cured by love. Disciplina 2; ^ifar pp. 9-1 1 . 
*T24.10. Love-sickness. King sends his concubine to ailing prince, his 
son, to cure him. Glosa 2.2.2.129. 
T30. Lovers' meeting. 

*T32.2. Lovers' meeting: man in woman's father's (brother's) prison. They 
have child. Abreviada 2.282; cf. Tubach 3811. 
T41. Communication of lovers. 

T41.1. Communication of lovers through hole in wall. Ilustres mujeres 

12.18r-9t; (Thisbe). 
*T4 1.3.1. Mantle used as signal for rendezvous with lover used by serving- 
man to deceive her. Calila p. 1 84; Exemplario 2)2v. 
T51. Wooing by emissary. 

*T51.1.2. Go-between. Makes love with client's beloved; disappoints cli- 
ent. LBA cc. 113-21. 
T53. Matchmakers. 

*T53.4. 1 . Virgin Mary as matchmaker. Young couple plighted troth; wo- 
man's father married her to rich man instead. Virgin saves her and 
arranges that she marry her first love. Cantigas 135. 
T55. Woman as wooer. 

*T55.1.2. Princess gives prince horse and sword in exchange for promise 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 57 



of marriage in his land. She will convert to Christianity. Abreviada 

2.145. 
*T55.1.3. Count's daughter helps her father's assassin in exchange for a 

promise of marriage. Abreviada 2.275; PCG 730.427. 
T61. Betrothal. 

*T61.4.6. Betrothal arranged by king as "rogador." Prospective brides 

handed over by "manero." CMC v. 2080. 
*T69.6. Father gives daughter to man who desires her in exchange for 

promise to provide for her. Cantigas 195. 
T80. Tragic love. 

T81.8. Wife swallows hot coals because husband is unfaithful. Castigos 

MS A BNM 6559 79.211; Glosa 2.1.10.51. 
T93. Fate of disappointed lover. 

*T93.3. 1 . Queen Dido immolates self when consort abandons her. Abrevi- 
ada 1.62. 

T100-T199. 2VIARRIAGE 
T121. Unequal marriage. 

*T121,3.2. Mysterious empress weds prince who visits her magic realm. 

Interdiction: can never return if he should leave her realm, (^ifar pp. 

137-40. 
*T 12 1.3. 3. Knight marries queen of underwater realm. Interdiction: speech 

with subjects of kingdom forbidden, ^ifar pp. 67-70. 
*T122.4. King enters queen's bedchamber only after his men have 

searched it. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE S4v). 
T130. Marriage customs. 

*T 13 1.1. 4. Woman advises chaste maiden to marry. Angel rebukes 

woman. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 74v-75r). 

T200-T299. MARRIED LIFE 
T210. Faithfulness in marriage. 

T21 1.1.2. Husband learns from augurs that if he saves self from serpent his 

wife will die. Lets self be bitten to save wife. Castigos MS A BNM 

6559 78.210; Glosa 2.1.9.48. 
*T211.1.5. Wife disobeys father's orders to kill new husband. Imprisoned 

by father. Rustres mujeres \3.\9v-2lr (Hypermestra). 
T211.2. Wife immolates self in husband's fioneral pyre. Castigos MS A 

BNM 6559 77.209; Glosa 2.1.8.43. 
*T2 11.2.3. Wife swallows hot coals because husband is dead. Ilustres 

mujeres 82.84r-85r (Portia); Jardin p. 266. 
T2 11.3.1. Husband falls on sword when wife dies. Castigos MS A BNM 

6559 78.210; Glosa 2.1.9.48. 
*T2 11.4.3. Widow ingests husband's ashes. Builds him a magnificent 

tomb. Ilustres mujeres 55.62r-63z; (Artemesia); Jardin p. 261. 
*T2 11.4.4. Wife sees husband's bloodstained clothes; fears he has died. She 

dies. Ilustres mujeres 81.83t^-84r Qulia); Glosa 2.1.10.50. 
T215. Faithfulness of married couple in misfortune. 

158 MOTIF INDEX OF 



T215.4. Wife puts out one of her eyes in sympathy with her husband. He 
has lost an eye in combat and is ashamed to return to her. She shows 
that it makes no difference in her love. Lucanor Ex. 44. 

*T215.8.1. Wife follows husband into exile. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
77.209; Glosa 2.1.8.42 (Stdpicia). 

*T215.8.2. Wife hides exiled husband at home pretending to mourn his 
absence. Ilustres mujeres 83.85r-85i' (Curia). 

*T215.9. Faithful wife follows husband into battle rather than be separated 
from him. Ilustres mujeres 100.101r-102r (Cenobia); Ilustres mujeres 
78.80^^-81 ?; (Hypsicratea); Ilustres mujeres 96.97t;-98r (Triaria); 
Castigos MS A BNM 6559 79.21 1; Glosa 2.1.10.51-52. 

*T215.9.1. Wife goes to battlefield in defiance of law to find husband's 
body and to cremate it. Ilustres mujeres 21.?>Av-35v (Argia). 

*T215.10. During prolonged absence of husband wife fasts. Eats no meat 
and subsists on bread and water. Lucanor Ex. 44. 

*T215.1 1. Conqueror refuses to let wives join husbands in captivity. Women 
hang themselves. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 78.210; Glosa 2.1.9. Al. 

*T215.12. Wife throws self overboard to preserve her honor when hus- 
band's ship is captured. Glosa 2.1.19.93-94. 

T221. Woman's naivete proves her fidelity. Man is told he has bad breath 
and rebukes wife for not having told him. She says she thought all 
men had bad breath. a.b.c. 368; Tubach 775. 

T222. Wife hides husband's unfaithfulness and even shelters his mistress 
after his death; weds his lover to a man in her household. Ilustres 
mujeres lA.l^r-l^v (Tercia Emilia); Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
77.209; 2.1.8.42. 

*T223. Wife unwilling to differ with husband agrees when he says horses 
are cows. Lucanor Ex. 27. 
T230. Faithlessness in marriage. 

*T230.3. Adulteress is like cuckoo. Puts eggs in others' nests. Especulo 
28.19. 

*T231.6. The faithless widow. For love of a yoimg knight, grieving wid- 
ow disinters her husband's corpse to conceal knight's neglect of du- 
ties. Esopete p. 64; Tubach 5262. 

*T232.6. Widow, attracted to handsome beggar, invites him to dine. She 
seduces him while he consents declaring his passive acquiescence to 
exculpate himself. Esopete p. 165. 

*T238.1. Adulterous wife vows never to tell husband which of their sons is 
not his. a.b.c. 174. 
T250. Characteristics of wives and husbands. 
T251. lU-tempered wife. 

*T251.0.4. King's favorite wife angered when he praises another. Hits him 
with plate of rice. King orders her killed. Calila p. 280; Exemplario 72r. 

T251.2. Taming the shrew. By outdoing his wife in disagreeable beha- 
vior, husband renders her docile and obedient. Kills dog, cat, and 
horse when they disobey impossible command to fetch water. Luca- 
nor Ex. 35; Tubach 4354. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 59 



T251.2.3.2. Husband tries to frighten wife into obedience. Kills rooster 
when it disobeys impossible command to fetch water. She ignores 
him because she knows he will not hurt her. Lucanor Ex. 35; Tubach 
4354. 
T252. The overbearing wife. 

T252.2. Cock shows browbeaten husband how to rule (serve sexually) his 
wife. Can rule many hens; man cannot even handle one woman. Eso- 
pete p. 167. 
T254. The disobedient wife. 

T254.1. Husband knows his wife is inclined to be contrary, leaves her two 
unguents. Warns her not to apply poisonous one but to use other one. 
She disobeys and dies. Lucanor Ex. 27; cf. Tubach 5277. 

T254.4. Husband wants to kill wife. Prepares a chest armed with a cross- 
bow. When opened, arrow will kill opener. Tells her not to open 
chest and she does. Talavera 2.1 .111; cf. Tubach 5277. 

T254.5. Husband warns wife not to enter empty furnace (knowing that she 
will disobey him). She does so and it falls in upon her. a.b.c. 307; 
Tubach 5277. 

T254.6. Husband warns wife not to drink poisoned wine (knowing she will 
disobey). She dies. Talavera 2.7.176; cf. Tubach 5277. 

T255. 1 . Husband and wife quarrel over whether she has a knife or a pair 
of scissors. Murderous husband kicks her into river. She drowns 
shouting "scissors," using fingers to signal "scissors." Husband jests 
that she will win argimient with river and survive. She dies. Talavera 
2.7.178-79; cf. Tubach 5285. 

*T255.1.1. Husband and wife quarrel over whether bird is a thrush or a 
throstle. Enraged, the husband breaks her arm. Their pilgrimage to 
pray for a child was altered to a pilgrimage for a broken limb. Tala- 
vera 2.7.179; cf. Tubach 5285. 
T257. Jealous wife or husband. 

*T257.2.3. Jealous wife prays to Virgin Mary to harm her husband's lov- 
er. Virgin makes her see that devil made her wish ill to other woman. 
Cantigas 68. 

*T257.12. Jealous husband insists wife prove her innocence. Virgin Mary 
protects her when she leaps firom a high place and is unharmed. Can- 
tigas 341. 
T261. The ungrateful wife. 

*T261.2. King indulges wife's every whim. Creates "snowstorm" of al- 
mond blossoms, a "pond with muddy banks" firom perfumed water, 
sugar, and spices. She is imgratefiil and complains of his inattention. 
Lucanor Ex. 30. 
T280. Other aspects of married life. 

T284. Frightened wife shows marks of affection for husband. Joins husband 
in bed for protection. This is so rare that husband is gratefiil to thief 
who fi^ghtened her. Calila p. 238; Exemplario 56r. 
T299. Other aspects of married life: miscellaneous. 

*T299.3. Young man rendered impotent after placing ring on finger of statue 

160 MOTIF INDEX OF 



of Venus consults magician. He is to go to crossroads at certain hovir 
and give letters to moxmted woman followed by man (the devil). 
Devil reads letter and sends for ring on finger of statue to return to 
young man. Especulo 528.416-17; Tubach 4103; see T376. 

T300-T399. CHASTITY AND CELIBACY 
T310. Celibacy and continence. 

*T310.2. Virgin Mary grants freedom from lustful behavior to devoted 

man. He lives chastely fireed fi:om his desires. Cantigas 336; Tubach 

3098. 
*T310.3. Warrior attains unusual strength xhiou^ chsisxivy . Castigos 1.38; 

Tubach 4656. 
T311. Woman averse to marriage (sexual intercourse). 

*T3 11.0.2. Woman's aversion to marriage motivated through promise to 

Virgin Mary to remain chaste. Husband inflicts incurable wotind with 

knife. Husband dies in fire; wife is cured by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 

105; Tubach 3176. 
*T3 11.0.3. Woman's promise to Virgin Mary to be chaste causes seducer 

to renounce his sexual desires. He sends her to convent. Cantigas 

195; Tubach 5142. 
*T3 11.0.4. Elderly princess pledged to remain chaste obliged to wed and 

produce heir to throne. Ilustres mujeres 103.104t>-1057; (Constancia). 
T311.1. Princess flees to escape arranged marriage. Ultramar 1.1.81-82. 
*T3 11.3.1. Beautiful young woman shuts self in tomb to save soul of 

young man who desires her carnally. Especulo 482.380; Glosa 

2.2.20.215-16; Tubach 4894. 
T3 14.1. Father kills daughter lest she become the property of a wicked 

tyrant. Ilustres mujeres 56.63^^-65r (Virginia); Jardin p. 256; Tubach 

3436. 
T315. Continence in marriage. 

T3 15.1. Marital continence by mutual agreement. Husband and wife to be 

celibate for two years to do penance for previous sin of husband. 

Qifar pp. 49-50. 
T315.2. Marital continence. Bridegroom committed to celibacy gives 

new bride a ring and leaves her. San Alejo p. 70. 
*T315.4. Husband and wife enter religious houses. Husband visits his wife 

twice; she entices him, and they have two children. He confesses and 

does penance of seven years. Especulo 390.286-87. 
*T315.5. Husband and wife make vow of future chastity after God had 

granted them a child. San Alejo p. 99. 
T317. The repression of lust. 

*T317.1.1. Repression of lustful thoughts by visiting places where there 

was suffering and illness, a.b.c. 370. 
*T317.1.2. Repression of lust by removing one's eyes to avoid tempta- 
tion. a.b.c. 370. 
T317.2. Desert monk who longs for wife he left behind advised to pray and 

to do good works. a.b.c. 347. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 161 



*T3 17.2.1. Lustful thoughts banished by prayer. Young monk must resist 

to gain God's pardon. a.b.c. 326. 
T317.4. Youth counseled to fast and pray in woods to repress lust, a.h.c. 

197; Especulo 4.5; Tubach 1992. 
*T3 17.4.1. Young man told to work to avoid sexual temptation. Especulo 

90.61-62. 
T317.6. Only abuse and cruel treatment from his fellow monks can conquer 

monk's lust. a.b.c. 213; Tubach 3097. 
*T317.7. Elderly monk learns that advanced age is no protection against 

lust, a.b.c. 176. 
*T317.8. Repression of lust. Pope severs hand kissed by woman. Re- 
stored miraculously by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 391; Cantigas 206; cf. 

Tubach 2419. 
*T317.9. Husband judges wife to be unchaste because she looks at men 

from her window. Kills her. a.b.c. 63. 
T317.10. Sight of cock and hen provokes lustful thoughts in hermit. a.b.c. 

127; LBA cc. 529-43; Tubach 2569. 
T320. Escape from undesired lover. 

T320.4. Woman escapes lust of king by shaming him. Leaves book of laws 

condemning adultery where he will read it. Sendebar Day 1, Tale 1; 

Lucanor Ex. 50. 
T320.5. Beautiful young woman gives up wealth to escape lecherous em- 
peror, a.b.c. 369. 
*T326.4. Chastity preserved. Noble wife commits suicide rather than 

submit to emperor's lustful desire, a.b.c. 190. 
*T326.5. Chastity preserved. Noble wife leaps into fire with her two 

young sons to save self and them from invaders. Jardin p. 261. 
*T326.6. Saint, mother, sisters drown to maintain saint's chastity. Jardin 

p. 257. 
T327. Mutilation to repel lover. 

T327. 1 . Nun sends king her eyes because he had admired them and coveted 

her, saying; "You wanted my eyes, take them." a.b.c. 370; Glosa 

2.2.20.215; Tubach 4744 b). 
*T327.3.1. Saint prays for a deformity to save her from marriage. Loses 

sight in one eye. Especulo 92.63; Jardin p. 259. 
*T327.4.1. Young women smear breasts with foul-smelling rotting chicken 

flesh to escape rape, a.b.c. 246. 
*T327.8.1. Woman prays for deliverance from emperor's desires. Uses knife 

to disfigure face before meeting with his emissaries. Especulo 483.380- 

81; Glosa 2.2.20.215; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 82r). 
T330. Anchorites under temptation. 

T331.9. Celibate man yells "thief" to repel sexually aggressive woman. 

When she comes to his bed, he screams. a.b.c. 177. 
*T331.10. Bishop saved from temptation. Evil spirit banished by non- 
believer who made sign of cross, a.b.c. 92. 
*T331.1 1. Holy man refuses to see his mother in this life so that they will 

meet in the next. Especulo 391.287; Tubach 3418. 

162 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*T331.12. Holy man, forced to meet his sister after fifty years of separation, 
closes his eyes and permits her to see him. Especulo 392. 
T332. Man tempted by fiend in woman's shape. 

T332. Monk, suffering from carnal desires, is tempted by devil in shape of 
woman. He slapped her, pushed her off his lap, and she disappeared. 
Foul smell lingered on hands for two years. a.b.c. 411. 

*T332.2. Ascetic hermit tempted by woman who appeared at door of his 
cave. When he forgets his vows and reaches for her, she disappears 
and reappears as the devil who laughs at him. Castigos 37.177-78; cf. 
Tubach912. 
T333. Man mutilates self or otherwise removes self from temp- 
tation. 

T333.2. Tempted man bums off his finger tips. An elderly monk was 
tempted by the presence of a woman in his house. He burned his fin- 
gers in a candle's flame to distract himself. a.b.c. 253, 254; Tubach 
4741. 

*T333.2.2. Man tied to stake in meadow is tempted by lustful woman. Un- 
able to resist her he bites off his own tongue and spits it at her. 
Especulo 90'. 62. 

T333.3. Handsome youth, troubled by temptation, used a knife to disfigure 
his face so that he would not be admired by women, a.b.c. 370; Glosa 
1.2.15.139; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 82r). 

T333.4. Virgin saves life of pilgrim who, at devil's instigation, had castrated 
self to atone for sin of fornication. Offending organ not restored. 
MUagros 8; Cantigas 26; Santiago 17.86-94; cf Tubach 3800. 

*T333.6. To escape temptation: man crawls naked through thorns after 
almost succumbing to carnal temptation. a.b.c. 251; Especulo 90.61- 
62; Especulo 322^.225; Especulo 548.439; Tubach 4840. 

*T333.7. Saint applies red-hot iron rod to body. Pain curbs sexual desires, 
Especulo 322.224-25; Tubach 3109. 

T334. 1 . Monk goes into desert to avoid temptation of women, the source 
of sin. a.b.c. 306; cf Tubach 5366. 

*T334.1.1. Philosopher retreats to countryside to avoid temptations of city. 
a.b.c. 370. 

*T334. 1.2. Monk unable to endure temptation leaves monastery. Angel tells 
him to stay in monastery. His nine years of suffering are his crown 
and strength. Especulo 542.437. 

*T334.1.3. Elderly monk was tempted in dream. His pupil directed seven 
strong thoughts to him that he saw as seven crowns in dream, Espe- 
culo 543.437-38. 

*T334.1.4. Abbot, tired of walking, sits down in a cucumber patch. Pre- 
occupied by his thoughts steals (eats) a cucumber. Says that yielding 
to temptation of theft is like yielding to carnal temptation. Especulo 
544.438. 

*T334.1.5. Saint puts foot in fire. If this pain is unendurable, how much 
worse would be eternal pain of hell? Especulo 545.438. 

*T334.1.6, Monk tormented by carnal desire asked for prayers of holy man. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 63 



Prayers do not help him. Holy man sees him svirrounded by his 

desires. Monk must resist. Especulo 546.438-39. 
*T334.1,7, Monk asks why he is unable to free self from temptations. Told 

that he has rid himself of temptation but has retained his desires. 

Especulo 547.439. 
*T334.1.8. Man unable to fight temptation goes to church and gives self 

to God. Especulo 548\439-40. 
*T334.1.9. Priest must give up fornication. In exchange, pains are cured 

by saint's prayers. Especulo 110.72. 
T336. Sight or touch of woman as sin. 

T336. Monk on his deathbed refuses to see woman he had loved before he 

entered the order (wife before he entered order). He says: "Go away, 

woman, because even a tiny flame can ignite straw." a.b.c. 396; Espe- 
culo 393.288. 
*T336.2.1. Holy man will not allow woman, even though she has journeyed 

from afar to see him. Later hears that she has a fever and consoles her. 

a.b.c. 305. 
*T336.2.2. Monk will not see his sister in fine clothes since sight of her is 

sovirce of sin. Only when she dresses modestly will he see her. a. b. c. 

299. 
*T336.3. Monk wraps hands in cloths to keep from touching aged mother's 

body as he carries her over a stream. Touch of all women is a source 

of sin. a.b.c. 306; Especulo 394.289; Tubach 3419. 
T338. Virtuous man seduced by women. 

*T338.2. Celibate prince falls ill resisting father's pressure to experience 

sex with a woman. Barlaam pp. 277-80. 
*T338.4. Celibate prince's father replaces all his attendants with seductive 

young women. Barlaam p. 264. 
T360. Chastity and celibacy: miscellaneous. 

T362.1. Abbess informed that bishop wished to visit her convent sent word 

that she refused to look upon a man. Castigos 17.107. 
T37 1 . Youth who had never seen a woman: the Satans. Sheltered prince 

shown all forms of human and animal life for first time was told that 

young women are "devils" who deceive men. Asked what he liked 

best, chose the "devils." Barlaam pp. 261-63. 
*T371.2. Inexperienced young monk (never having seen a woman) is told 

that women are goats. Obsessed by what he had seen through 

window is unable to eat (meat) because he felt so sorry for the poor 

goat. a.b.c. 300. 
T376. Young man mistakenly betrothed to statue. Puts ring on finger of 

statue of Virgin Mary. She closes finger over ring; later forbids him 

the embraces of an earthly wife. Especulo 528.4416-17; Cantigas 42; 

see T299.3. 
T376.1. Canon previously pledged to Virgin Mary marries because of im- 

portvinities of family. Leaves his bride on wedding night to continue 

to serve Virgin. Milagros 15; Cantigas 132. 



164 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*T376.2.2. Betrothed woman flees to church, choosing to be God's bride. 
a.b.c. 291. 

T400-T499. ILLICIT SEXUAL RELATIONS 

T400. Illicit sexual relations. 

*T400.0.1. Princess has baby after secret marriage. Her brother, the king, 

imprisons father of baby and sends her to convent. Abreviada 2.164. 
*T400.0.2. Daughter, pregnant, thrown off cliff. Father of baby beheaded. 

Gfo^a 2.2.21.218-19. 
*T400.0.3. Vestal Virgin has baby. Punishment: buried alive. Glosa 

2.2.21.219. 
T401.1. Pregnant abbess secretly delivered of her child by Virgin Mary. 

Milagros 2\; Especulo 362.265-66; Cantigas 7. 
*T401.2. Vestal Virgin falsely accused. Carries water in sieve without 

spilling any to prove her virginity. Glosa 2.2.21.219. 
T410. Incest. 
T411. Father- daughter incest. 

T4 11.1. Lecherous father. Unnatural father wants to marry his daughter. 

Esopete p. 25. 
*T41 1 .1.3. Royal father forces himself on daughter. Sets unreasonable con- 
ditions (riddle) for potential suitors so he will not have to give her 

up. Apolonio cc. 6-14. 
T412. Mother-son incest. 

T412.1. Widow guilty of incest with son forgiven by Virgin Mary. a.b.c. 

274; Cantigas 17. 
*T412.5. Mother treats son as husband. Found in bed with son, thought 

to be behaving incestuously. Lucanor Ex. 36; Qifar p. 55. 
*T412.6. Mother importunes son sexually. Denied, she falsely accuses him 

of trying to rape her. a.b.c. 172; Tubach 2734. 
*T412.7. Queen justifies incestuous union with her son by passing law 

allowing intrafamiliar unions. Ilustres mujeres 6r-8r (Semiramis); Tu- 
bach 4224. 
T415. Brother-sister incest. 

*T415.8. Brother and sister have three children. She kills them and takes 

poison. Virgin Mary cures her, and she becomes nun. Especulo 

363.286; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.216. 
*T415.9. Tamar raped by her brother. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

(ADMYTE 80z;). 
T417. Other incest. 

*T417.2. Mother-in-law accused of sexual relations with son-in-law. a.b.c. 

272; Cantigas 255; Tubach 2737. 
*T426. Noble accused of incest with relative. Servant to testify that he held 

candle for master, a.b.c. 166. 
*T427. Young woman promised to Virgin Mary has sexual relations with 

godfather. Has three children by him. Cantigas 201. 
*T427.1. Priest who had sex with goddaughter dies after seven days. Fire 

rises from grave consuming it totally. a.b.c. 404; Tubach 2037. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 165 



T450. Prostitution and concubinage. 

*T450.0.1. Queen, vain about her virtue, declares she would never sur- 
render her body to a lover for wealth. Challenged with increasingly 
large rewards, is at last tempted. Talavera 2.1.146-47. 

*T451.1. Prostitute shamed by offer of sexual intercourse in public place. 
Saint ofifers to have sex with her before a crowd. She refuses; then 
how much more shame should she have before God? Especulo 
350.250. 

*T451.2. Aging prostitute offers young daughter as substitute to procurer 
who will arrange clients for her. Especulo 462.361. 

*T451.3. Whore cheats brothel keeper, not charging a favorite customer 
for services. Brothel keeper tried to blow poison through a straw into 
customer's nose. Customer sneezes, and she inhales poison. Calila 
pp. 138-39. 
T452. Bawds, professional go-betweens. 

*T452.2. Procurer sets high price for first use of virgin captive. Subsequent 
patrons pay less. Apolonio c. 401. 

*T452.3. Go-between tricks woman into believing she will be transformed 
into a dog if she does not accede to a man's sexual request. a.b.c. 234 
(not in Paris MS); Disciplina 13; Sendebar Day 4, Tale 10; Tubach 
661. 

*T452.4. Go-between tricks woman into believing that sex with a client 
will solve her marital problem. Sendebar Day 5, Tale 13. 

*T452.5. Go-between makes trouble between husband and wife: the hair 
from his beard. Tells wife to increase her husband's love by cutting 
a hair from his beard. Also tells husband that wife will try to cut his 
throat, a.b.c. 370 (not in Paris MS); Lucanor Ex. 42; Esopete pp. 
149-51. 

*T452.6. Would-be-lover employs go-between repeatedly. LBA cc. 77-81, 
111-22, 580-891, 1332-1507, 1508-12, 1618-23. 

*T459. Pious maiden convinced by go-between that God does not see what 
we do at night. She consents to spend night with go-between's cus- 
tomer, a.b.c. 108; Tubach 1436. 

*T459.1. "Prostitute gives great pleasure to men," says saint. Prays for 
whore's soul but also prays for her own ability to please God as the 
whore pleases men. Especulo 425.324. 
T460. Other sexual practices. 
T463. Homosexual love (male). 

T464. King uses young man sexually, a.b.c. 341; Tubach 2598. 
T466. Necrophilism: sexual intercourse with dead human body. 

T466.1. Necrophilism: executioner struck by beauty of woman has inter- 
course with her after she is hanged. Talavera 1.24.117. 
T470. Illicit sexual relations: miscellaneous. 
T471. Rape and seduction. 

*T471.0.2. Knight who had raped nun is captured when she miraculously 
is movmted before him on his horse and holds reins tmtil he is taken 
prisoner. Castigos 19.121-22. 

166 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*T471.0.3. Squire tries to rape woman who takes refuge in Virgin Mary's 
church. Trying to kick in door, breaks leg, loses senses, speech, and 
thereafter can only utter her name. Ends life as a beggar. Cantigas 317. 

*T47 1.0.4. King rapes daughter of courtier. Father helps enemy to con- 
quer realm to avenge the injury. PCG 1.554.307-8; Castigos 6.60; 
Abreviada 2.101. 

*T471.0.5. King sends woman's husband to batde in order to be able to 
seduce her (See K978. Uriah letter). Sendebar Day 1, Tale 1; Lucanor 
Ex. 50; Talavera 1.12.101-2; Tubach 1453. 

*T471.0.6. Courtier rapes woman; threatens her with revealing secret. She 
kills self to guard honor. Ilustres mujeres 46.527>-54t; (Lucrecia); 
Jardin pp. 257-58; a.b.c. 62; Tubach 3095. 

*T471.0.7. Captor rapes enemy's queen. Ransomed, she orders her sol- 
diers to behead him. She presents head to husband to restore her 
honor. Ilustres mujeres 13.1()v-l^r (Wife of Orgiaguntes). 

*T472.1. Women of vanquished city given to conquerors. Two women 
must perform all duties naked. Out gathering wood, one covers geni- 
tals with scrap of cloth. Other one accuses her of lascivious thoughts. 
Accused, told to look to own thoughts. Calila p. 198; Exemplario 37r. 

*T472.2. Young woman returns to ask lover to say mass for her. Their car- 
nal desire was sin. He says mass and enters religious order. Especulo 
353.251-52. 

*T472.3. Magic sign shows lover is freed of torment. Black hair combings 
secreted by dead lover turn white when she is freed. Especulo 
353.251-52. 

*T472.4. Husband and wife sin. Engage in sexual intercourse on holy 
eve. Child conceived is possessed by devils. Virgin Mary drives them 
away. Cantigas 115. 

*T475.2.2. Incubus makes sleeping woman think she is having sexual inter- 
course, a.b.c. 116. 
T481. Adultery. 

*T481 .8. Woman killed because husband accuses her of lustful behavior. She 
looks at other men through window, a.b.c. 63. 

*T481.9. The husband locked out, excessive precautions to assure wife's 
fidelity. Despite efforts, wife returns home late at night; her husband 
refuses to admit her. She threatens to throw herself in the well. Hus- 
band leaves house to see if she has drowned. She enters the house 
and bars him from house, a.b.c. 303; Disciplina 14; Talavera 2.1.147 
n. 36; Tubach 5246; see K1511. 

*T481.10. The cut-off nose. Carpenter's wife asks a barber's wife to take 
her place while she goes to her lover. Carpenter speaks to wife's 
friend, gets no answer and cuts off her nose. In the morning wife re- 
turns and still has nose. Husband made to believe it was restored 
miraculously. Barber's wife, whose nose has been cut off when she 
took friend's place, returns home. Her husband made to believe that 
he has accidentally cut off her nose when he threw razor at her. 
Calila pp. 139-41; Exemplario 14v-15r; see K1512. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 167 



*T481.1 1. The husband in the chicken house (dovecote). Husband returns 
unexpectedly and surprises his wife with her lover. She makes the 
husband believe he is pursued and hides him in the chicken house. 
Esopete pp. 148-49; see K1514.1. 

*T481.12. The husband's good eye treated so that lover can leave house 
unseen (vintner), a.b.c. 161; Disciplina 9; Esopete pp. 147-48; cf. 
Tubach 1943; see K1516.1. 

*T481.13. The husband temporarily blinded so that lover can leave 
unseen. Wife sprays his eyes with mother's milk. He hears noise; she 
tells him it is the cat. Talavera 2.10.188; cf. Tubach 1943; see 
K1516.9. 

*T481.14. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. She has hus- 
band turn round to brush hair off his clothes. He hears lover leave; 
she tells him it is the cat. Talavera 2.10.188-89; see Kl 5 16. 1.2. 

*T481.15. Wife's lover under bed. Husband returns home. Wife tips over 
candle extinguishing it. Sends husband out for light. Talavera 
2.10.189; see K1515.3. 

*T481.16. Wife's lover behind curtains. Husband returns home. Wife 
shows husband a new kettle she says has holes in it. Holds it in front 
of his eyesj slaps it loudly. Husband neither sees nor hears lover 
leave. Talavera 2.10.189; see K1516.8. 

*T481.17. Two lovers are pursuer and fugitive. Wife is visited by two 
lovers. When the husband arrives, one goes out with drawn sword 
and the other hides in house. She convinces her husband that she 
has given refuge to a fugitive. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 5; Tubach 4693; 
seeK1517.1. 

*T481.18. Wife entertains lover during husband's absence. Husband re- 
turns, and mother-in-law (guardian) counsels lover to pretend he is 
fugitive from street ruffians. Disciplina 11; Esopete pp. 145-46; Tu- 
bach 4692; see Kl 5 17.2. 

*T481.19. Husband returns while abbot is in house. Errant wife enlists aid 
of friar who brings extra habit next day. Abbot escapes wearing friar's 
habit. Sendebar Day 8, Tale 22; see K1517.6. 

*T481.20. Wife outwits husband with extended sheet. Lover leaves house 
unseen, a.b.c. 162; Esopete p. 148; Disciplina 10; Tubach 4319; see 
K1516. 

*T481.21. The enchanted pear tree. Wife and lover are up in tree. Blind 
husband hears them and prays to Jupiter for restoration of sight. 
Prayer is answered. Wife convinces cuckold that her adultery con- 
vinced Jupiter to grant his wish. Esopete p. 147; Tubach 3265; see 
K1518. 

*T481.22. Wife, in bed with lover, knows that husband is hiding under 
bed. Tells lover how much she loves husband. Calila p. 241; Exem- 
plario 51 r, Esopete p. 168; see Kl 532.1. 

*T481.23. The marked cloth in the wife's room. A go-between obtains a 
woman for a client by leaving a marked cloth in woman's house. 
Husband beats woman; she leaves and is tricked into thinking that 

168 MOTIF INDEX OF 



sex with the go-between's client will help her solve her problem. 
Go-between tells husband that she had left the cloth in his house, 
and husband is deceived. Sendehar Day 5, Tale 13. 

*T481.24. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Greedy 
husband supplies his wife to an inexperienced fat prince because he 
believes him to be impotent. When the prince and the woman evi- 
dently enjoy each other, the husband kills himself Sendebar Day 4, 
Tale 9. 

*T481.25. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Believes 
that wife will spend night with god, Anubis, not with trickster posing 
as god. a.b.c. 385; Tubach 4221. 

*T481.26. Husband unwittingly instrumental in wife's adultery. Wife's 
lover (an apothecary) has assistant who substitutes earth for needed 
medicine. Wife returns with packet; tells husband she was run down 
by a horse on way and lost money. Used a sieve to find missing 
money and could not find it. Husband replaces money. Exemplario 
28^. 

*T481.27. Maidservant is go-between for knight who wants to seduce an- 
other's wife. Convinces wife to don magic slippers she cannot remove 
sent by suitor. Cantigas 64. 

*T481.28. Spanish count's wife runs off with French count. He follows her 
to France and kills both offenders. Returns with severed heads. Abre- 
viada 2.274-75. 
T495. Humiliation or abuse. 

*T495.1. Lover humiliated. Philosopher (Aristotle) warns against uxori- 
ousness. In revenge, woman tricks philosopher into letting her ride 
him on all fours. Husband comes and sees them. Talavera 1.17.99; 
Tubach 328. 

*T495.2. Lover humiliated. Virgil suspended in basket halfway up his 
lover's tower; not permitted to ascend further. Seen by passersby. 
LBA cc. 262-65; 1.17.100-1. 

*T495.3. Lover humiliated. Man tricked into escaping firom a prison 
tower to visit his lover. Enemies intercept the descent, catch him in 
a net, and leave him suspended for all the world to see. Talavera 
1.17.100-1. 

*T495.4. Lecherous duchess physically abused by conqueror. Used her for 
one night; handed her over to his soldiers for their use; disposed of 
with a stick inserted vaginally until it reaches her upper body. a.b.c. 
246; Tubach 1081. 

*T494.5. Woman must relight magic fires as punishment. Magician, in re- 
payment for ill treatment by woman, causes lights of the city to go 
out. They can only be relighted from the genitals (naked body) of 
the woman. None can be relighted until all have applied torches. 
LBA cc. 261-68. 

T500-T599. CONCEPTION AND BIRTH 
T510. Miraculous conceptions. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 69 



T526. Conception because of prayer. King and favorite wife have son after 
much prayer. Sendebar pp. 66-67; Cantigas 171; Tubach 971. 
T540. Miraculous birth. 
T541. Birth from unusual part of body. 

*T541.0.1. Birth from wound in mother's side. Pregnant woman who goes 
to aid of slain husband is cut with sword. Baby is bom as she dies. 
Cantigas 184. 
T547. Birth from virgin. 

*T547.1. Birth from virgin. Divine intervention caused Mary to be im- 
pregnated and remain virgin. Angel explained to Joseph that Holy 
Spirit had engendered Jesus. Estados 1.40. 
T548. Birth obtained through magic or prayer. 

*T548.1. Child bom in answer to prayer. Sendebar -p. 67; Cantigas 43; San 
Alejo p. 68; Santiago 3.50-52; Tubach 971. 
T550. Monstrous births. 

T551.2 Child bom with two heads, each one facing the other; two bodies 

joined at chest (conjoined twins). Esopete p. 166. 
*T551.2.1. Child bom with head on backwards. Punishment to Jewish 

father who had denied Virgin and Jesus Christ. Cantigas 108. 
T554,2.1. Woman gives birth to animal. Evil mother-in-law writes to ab- 
sent son telling him his wife has given birth to seven hounds. Ultra- 
mar 1.1.53.89. 
T573. Short pregnancy. 

*T573.2. Unusually short pregnancy. Enchantress gives birth seven days 
after conceiving child. Qifar p. 68. 
T574. Prolonged pregnancy. 

*T574.3. Woman accuses saint of fathering her child. Unable to give birth 
until she confesses, a.b.c. 89, 285; cf. Tubach 648, 1915. 
T584. Parturition. 

*T584.0.7. Jewish woman unable to give birth, prays to Virgin Mary. Has 

twins who are baptized. Cantigas 89. 
T586. 1 . Many children at one birth. Saint's wife, rewarded by God, gives 
birth to seven children, all of whom are saints themselves. Castigos 1 .39. 
*T586.1.2. Seven children at one birth, each one wearing a golden chain. 

Ultramar l.\.5Q. 81. 
T586.3. Multiple birth believed to be result of sexual relations with several 
men. Magical golden chains aroimd infants' necks proof that their 
birth is divine. Woman exculpated. Ultramar 1.1.50.81, 1.1.61.106. 
T590. Conception and birth: miscellaneous motifs. 
T591. Sexual performance. 

*T591.0.1. Impotence induced by magic. Lover is impotent in presence of 
image of Virgin Mary. Moves to other house to complete sex act. 
Cantigas 312. 
*T591.0.2. Impotence induced by magic. Husband impotent with young 

wife because he is faithfial to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 132. 
*T591.0.3 Virgin Mary induces impotence in knight given to lustfiil be- 
havior. Cantigas 137. 

170 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*T591.0.4. Climate (external temperature) at moment of conception 
determines sex of baby. Ghsa 2.1.17.81; Jardin 1.9.186-87. 

T600-T699. CARE OF CHILDREN 
T615. Supernatural growth. 

T615.1. Precocious speech. Girl at age four appears to be fully grown. 
Speaks as well as a person of ten or twelve years. Ultramar 
1.1.110.230. 
T617. Youth reared in ignorance of world. 

*T617.0.1. Youth raised in ignorance of world. Must go to spring in 
woods and fast for 40 days and pray for a wife. Disgusting, odorifer- 
ous hag comes to him and tells him she is sin of lust. He returns to 
celibate life, a.b.c. 197. 

*T617.3. Young, inexperienced monk, raised without ever having seen a 
woman, is tempted by sight of one. Brother monk tells him she is a 
goat. He cannot eat meat because of tenderness and pity he feels for 
goat. a.b.c. 300. 

*T617.4. Beautiful young captive woman sent to seduce celibate prince who 
had not known women. He tries to convert her to Christianity. She 
will become Christian if he spends one night in her bed. Barlaam pp. 
270-72. 
T640. Illegitimate children. 

*T646.2. Illegitimate prince counseled to wear special garments to remind 
self of both noble and base lineage. a.b.c. 189. 

*T646.3. Illegitimate prince, unaware of fate of parents, reared by royal 
uncle. Abreviada 2.164. 

*T647.1. Crow's egg placed mischievously in stork's nest. When fledglings 
recognize that chick is not one of them, they stone mother for adul- 
tery, a.b.c. 13. 

*T647.2. Illegitimate offspring said to be unable to see magically invisible 
cloth. Lucanor Ex. 32; cf Tubach 3577. 
T6S0. Care of children: miscellaneous motifs. 

T681.1. Each likes own children best. Owl mother sends hare to fetch 
baby's shoes for a beauty contest. Tells hare to take shoes to the 
most beautiful among all other contestants. Animals mock her. Gates 
1; Esopete pp. 122-23; Tubach 4873. 



U. THE NATURE OF LIFE 



U0-U99. LIFE'S INEQUITIES 
UIO. Justice and injustice. 

U11.2. He who steals much (Alexander) is called king. He who steals a 
little is called pirate, a.b.c. 42; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147; 
Glosa 1.2.10.110-11; Tubach 113. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 7 1 



*U11.3 Apparent injustice. Evil rich man buried with honors; pious 
hermit devoured by lion. Angel explains that heavenly justice will 
rectify earthly injustice, a.b.c. 105; Especulo 51 1.404-5; Tubach 223. 

*U15.2. Saint prays for perfection. Voice tells him he never will achieve 
the perfection of two saintiy women who live in city, a.b.c. 216; 
Especulo 98.66; Tubach 3701. 
U21. Justice depends on the point of view. 

U21.4. Wolf objects to fox stealing rooster from him, although he himself is 
a thief. LB A cc. 321-71. 

*U2 1.4.1. Wolf accuses fox of theft. Ape judge says that wolf may not 
have lost anything but that fox had stolen in past. They must watch 
each other. Esopete p. 54. 

U25. Theft to avoid starvation justified. Youth and sister rob graves to 
avoid starving to death. Lucanor Ex. 47. 
U30. Rights of the strong. 

U31. Wolf unjustly accuses lamb and eats him. When all the lamb's de- 
fenses are good, the wolf asserts the right of the strong over the weak 
(usually accused of stirring up water downstream). Esopete pp. 32-33; 
Especulo 72.48; Tubach 5334. 

U3 1.1. Cat unjustly accuses cock and eats him. Although all the cock's de- 
fenses are good, the cat tells him that she can no longer go hungry 
and eats him. Esopete p. 110. 

*U3 1.1.1. Dog accuses sheep of taking bread. Esopete p. 34. 

U31.2. Crow rides on sheep because sheep cannot prevent it. Esopete p. 79. 

*U31.3. Hunter exercises his right of the strong over the horse when it fails 
to run down deer. Horse will be saddled forever. Esopete pp. 77-78; 
Tubach 2619. 

*U31.4. Crow (hawk) exercises rights of the strong over dove (nightingale) 
who cannot defend self. Dove at crow's request sings to save her brood, 
but crow kills them because song was not good enough. Gatos 41; 
Esopete pp. 62-63; Especulo 71.47-48; Tubach 4388. 

*U31.5. Spider kills fly easily. Retreats to web when wasp approaches. 
Gatos 52; Tubach 4569. 

*U31.6. Tortoise treads on toad, injuring it. Gatos 54. 

*U31.7. Pigs exercise rights of strong. Ants store wheat grains for future 
use, and pigs come and eat them. Gatos 45. 

U33. Cock is killed by its captor despite his plea of usefulness to man. 
Esopete p. 110. 

*U35.3. Defeated empress turns wealth over to victor, a.b.c. 295 (not in 
Paris MS). 

*U35.4. Abbot unjustly strikes monk with footstool, bruising him badly. 
Next day, monk asks permission to perform errands. Abbot begs his 
pardon and monk throws himself to floor so that he can say that he 
bruised himself when he fell, a.b.c. 238. 

*U45. Dog gives up bed to bitch that is about to whelp. She may keep 
bed while puppies grow up. Later they help her drive owner off. 
Esopete pp. 35-36; Tubach 660. 

172 MOTIF INDEX OF 



U60. Wealth and poverty. 

*U61 . 1 . Saint calls poor masters. They are honored by God and can help 
humankind enter heaven. Especulo 448.343. 

*U62. Poor man with a single blanket to cover his feet, luckier than rich 
people in hell whose feet are tormented in stocks. Especulo 445.342. 

*U62.1. Abbot, previously rich, grateful he may now beg in God's name. 
Especulo 446.342-43. 

*U62.2. Rich man happy to live simply in monastery. His servant lives lux- 
uriously. Reproached, servant replies that master has what he did not 
have before, and he too now enjoys what he did not have before 
Especulo 502.394. 

*U72. Hermit hides money under pillow. When robbers enter, he throws 
it to them so that he will fear robbery no longer. a.b.c. 355; Especulo 
38.26; Tubach 3364; cf. Tubach 4810. 

*U72. 1 . Socrates throws great quantity of gold in sea so that he can drown 
it before it drowns him. a.b.c. 355; Especulo 443.340; Glosa 1.1.7.36- 
37; Tubach 2343, 3366. 

*U72.2. Devil convinces gardener to accumulate sums of money to pay for 
future medical treatment. Uses money to cure foot to no avail. Asks 
God's pardon for having sirmed and foot is cured. a.b.c. 355; Tu- 
bach 2139. 

U100-U299. THE NATURE OF UFE: 
MISCELLANEOUS MOTIFS 
UllO. Appearances deceive. 

*U1 11 . 1 . 1 . Statue (mask) is beautiful to zoo// but is recognized as lifeless. 

Esopete p. 53. 
U114. Mountain in labor brings forth a mouse (mole). LBA cc. 98-102; 

Esopete p. 50. 
Ul 19.3. Handsome appearance does not indicate beautiful soul. Angel holds 

nose when handsome youth passes by just as he had done when 

burying a rotting corpse. a.b.c. 351; Especulo 351.250-51; Tubach 

2559. 
Ul 19.4. An ugly face does not mean an ugly soul. Rustic refuses to believe 

ugly man could be the holy man he sought, a.b.c. 320; Tubach 5016. 
*U119.6. Bishop with red face wrongly judged to be drunkard. a.b.c. 

157. 
*U1 19.7. Chests adorned with gold and precious stones contain putrefying re- 
mains; chests containing royal treasures covered with pitch. Barlaam 

pp. 56-58; Tubach 967. 
U120. Nature will show itself. 

*U120.1 Flea bites man because it is his nature. Esopete p. 113. 

*U 120. 1.1. Crow, evil by nature, rides on sheep's back and annoys her. 

Esopete p. 79. 
U121. Like parent, like child. 

U121.1. Crab walks sideways. Mother walks sideways. Esopete pp. 119- 

20; Tubach 1311. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 173 



U121.3. Farmer's son and noble's reared in country. Son of farmer takes 
to rustic life; noble's son takes to chivalric pursuits. Talavera 
1.18.108. 

U121.4. Like father like son. Alleged son of king proved to be bastard 
when he displayed habits of his true father. It is his nature to eat raw 
meat, a.b.c. 175; Tubach 500. 

*U 12 1.5.1. Prince whose father was really the court baker advised to re- 
member both his royal and his humble heritage. a.b.c. 189; cf. 
Tubach 500. 

U 12 1.6.1. Horse behaves like an ass. Was nurtured with ass's milk. a.b.c. 
313; Tubach 2611. 

*U 12 1.6. 2. Sultan gives bread as a reward thereby acting like a baker, is 
not sultan's son, but rather the son of a baker, a.b.c. 313; Tubach 
500. 

*U121.7. Countess determined that offspring should only be fed on her milk. 
They will imbibe her nature with her mother's milk. Causes son who 
accidentally had been fed by wemurse to vomit. Ultramar 1. 1 . 1 5 1 .300; 
Tubach 3283. 

U 122.0.1. Butterfly visits flowering trees and returns to dunghill where 
wife is. Prefers dimghill to all other spots. Gates 30; cf. Tubach 
3645. 

U122.1. Beetles treated like oxen are tied to plow but do not accompany 
man and oxen to vespers to worship (stop at cowpatch). Gates 33; 
Tubach 1309. 

*U122.2. Young goat raised in human household. Owner tries to keep it 
as a companion animal. She runs off to join other wild goats grazing 
in fields. His servants bring her back to house and kill other wild 
goats. Barlaam pp. 156-57. 

U127. Fawn (stag) in spite of his strong horns runs from dog. Esopete p. 63. 

*U129.4. Virgin Mary helps people regain beehives stolen from church. 
Thieves abandon them when pursued by justice. Cantigas 326. 

*U 129.5. Evil and debauchery recognized by physical attributes: left eye 
small and squinty, nose inclined to right, wide-set eyebrows, body 
hair sprouts in threes, watches groimd while walking, shifty eyed. Ca- 
lilap. 193. 

*U129.6. Four youths sent out for daily food. Each one obtains it accord- 
ing to his nature: worker's son cuts wood; noble's son meets woman 
who supplies food; merchant's son becomes broker; king's son is 
chosen to reign. Calila pp. 323-34; Exemplario 83z>-86r. 
U130. The power of habit. 

*U130.2. Man given to sin of lust asked by saint to be chaste for three 
days, then three days more, and three more. Finally man is accus- 
tomed to chaste living. Especule 103.68-69; Tubach 3906. 

*U130.3 Ascetic so accustomed to fasting and penance foimd them to be 
pleasurable. Especule 105.69-70. 

*U 130. 3.1. Alexander the Great unable to refrain from accustomed sins. 
Especule 106.70; Tubach 101. 

174 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*U130.4. Heron asks eagle to carry him over the sea. Eagle refuses because 
herons have habit of fouling the land wherever they go. Especulo 
107.70] Tubach 1828. 
U131. Familiarity takes away fear. 

*U133.2. Man used to foul odor of stables passed a spice shop and fainted 
because he was unaccustomed to sweet smell. Cured by applications 
of manure to nostrils, a.h.c. 323; Especulo 556.452; Tubach 3645. 

U134. Knight doesn't want to go to heaven unless there are birds and 
hvmting dogs there. Gatos 32. 
U135. Longing for accustomed food and living. 

*U135.3. Rustic becomes king and sickens on fancy foods. Cured by return 
to accustomed diet, a.b.c. 384; cf. Tubach 3652. 
U140. One person's food is another's poison. 

U144. Nightingale cannot endure hoopoe's nest because of manure in nest. 
Prefers singing and going from tree to tree all night. Gatos 42; Tu- 
bach 3475. 

*U147.1. At lion's dinner party, flesh of other animals served. Pig 
chooses not to attend; prefers eating acorns. Gatos 32; Tubach 3774. 

*U147.2. Bees serve honey for dinner to beetles who eat very little. Beetles 
invite bees and serve them animal dung. Bees do not eat. Gatos 34; 
Tubach 554. 

*U147.3. At lion's dinner party, a cat is honored guest so that rats and 
moles are the fare. Other animals complain and leave. Gatos 37; Tu- 
bach 3059. 
U160. Misfortune with oneself to blame hardest to bear. 

U161. Eagle killed with arrow made with its own feather. LBA cc. 270-75. 

*U161.1. Last series of rams to die at butcher's hand rebuke selves for 
failure to escape when there was time. Esopete p. 76. 

*U162. Tree cut down with axe for which it has furnished a handle. Eso- 
pete p. 65; Tubach 444. 
U180. In vino Veritas. 

*U182. Thief in jail will not confess crime. Given wine and made drunk, 
he tells truth. Especulo 203.141; Tubach 4789. 

*U183. Man accuses wife of drunkenness. She accused him publicly of 
murder. Proven guilty, he was hanged. Especulo 204.141-42; Tubach 
5272. 
U230. The nature of sin. 

U230.0.1. Monk leaves monastery when he sees devil there tempting breth- 
ren. Returns when in the world he sees scores of devils tempting 
people. a.b.c. 412; Tubach 3324; cf. Tubach 3336. 

U231 . 1 . Monk rebuked other monks for succumbing to temptation. Later he 
too succumbs and finally understands power of sin. a.b.c. 410. 

*U231 .2. Monk is proud he has turned away from sin. Wise elder tells him 
to expose himself to sin and to grow strong in resisting it. a.b.c. 410. 

*U233. Odor of sin is fouler than that of a rotting corpse. Handsome sinful 
youth smells worse than corpse, a.b.c. 352; Especulo 351.250-51; Tu- 
bach 2559. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 175 



*U233. 1 . Virgin Mary serves splendid meal that gives off foul odor to sinner 
who prays to her daily. Sins make his devoted prayers malodorous. 
Especulo 352.251. 

U235. Lying is incurable. Nephew is lustful, gluttonous, and a gambler. 
Can be corrected, but not for lying, a.b.c. 284; Tubach 3102, 4053. 

U236.1. False repentance of a kite. When sick, kite begs prayers from 
mother but is reminded that when well had defiled altars and tem- 
ples. Esopete p. 39; Tubach 2933. 
U260. Passage of time. 

*U26 1.1. Time in purgatory more than a thousand times longer than time on 
earth. Dead monk explains dying movements of body as torment in 
purgatory. Especulo 490.386; Tubach 3378. 

*U261 .2. Time in purgatory more than a thousand times longer than time on 
earth. Man given choice between two days in purgatory or two years 
of illness. Chooses two days in purgatory but learns that time is long- 
er there. Returns to body and suffers two years of illness. Especulo 
491.386-87; Tubach 4001. 



V. RELIGION 



V0-V99. RELIGIOUS SERVICES 
V20. Confession of sins. 

V20.1. Sinners protected by confession. Devil carmot reveal identity of 
wife's lover because lover had already confessed and been absolved. 
a.b.c. 354; cf. Tubach 2800, 2804. 

*V20.1.3. Archdeacon cannot confess. Holy man offers his soul as surety 
for him. He prays, is able to confess, renounces his worldly posses- 
sions, and enters order. Especulo 126.83-84. 

V21. Confession brings forgiveness. Hermit tempted by devil in human fe- 
male form confesses and saves self. Castigos 3)1.\11-1S. 

*V2 1.0.1. Confession brings forgiveness. Conspirators suffer torments, 
confess, and are forgiven. Milagros 17. 

*V2 1.1.1. Good woman unable to confess because of shameful sin (incest) . 
Prayers of monks free her to confess, a.b.c. 133; cf. Tubach 2738. 

*V21.1.2. Two women sinners confess and are forgiven. Angel declares 
their pardon. Especulo 124.82-83. 

V21.2. Mother-in-law commits incest with son-in-law. Murders him out of 
fear of disclosure. Confesses and Virgin Mary saves her. a.b.c. 272; 
Cantigas 255; Tubach 2737. 

V21.4. Prior pardons sinning friar who has confessed. Hid bread and ate it 
secretly. Especulo 121.81-82. 

V21 .5. Sinner confesses desire before sirming carnally and is saved by con- 
fession. a.b.c. 71; Tubach 1161. 



176 MOTIF INDEX OF 



V21.6. Sinner's tear marks on written confession cause bishop to pardon him. 
Sins were unusual so were shown to bishop who found that tears had 
miraculously erased them. a.b.c. 72; Tubach 1202, 4421. 

*V21.7. Count unable to enter church without confessing. Virgin Mary en- 
ables him to confess. Cantigas 217; cf. Tubach 1062. 

*V21.8. Sinner's list of confessed sins weighed in moneychanger's balance 
outweighs all his gold. Cantigas 305; cf. Tubach 1501 d). 

*V21.9. Sinner leaves list of sins on Santiago's altar. Parchment is blank; 
sins are absolved. Santiago 2.48-49. 
V22. Condemnation because of death without confession. 

*V22.1. Courtier refuses confession. Has been shown vision of slim book 
of his good deeds and great book of his sins. Demons will carry him 
off to hell. Especulo 127.84-85; Tubach 1501 c). 

*V22.2. Sinner told he has three days to confess before he dies. Spends one 
day indulging in carnal sins. Dies before he has time to confess. Espe- 
culo 128.85; Tubach 4076. 

*V22.3. Woman reluctant to confess to priests who know her part in her fath- 
er's death. Husband tells her to confess to itinerant friars. She does 
not and kills her three children and herself. Especulo 129.85-86. 

*V22.4. Nun, too ashamed to confess sexual dalliance with knight, died. 
Condenmed to hell, she appeared to her sisters in convent to warn 
them. a.b.c. 73; Tubach 1188 a) 4. 
V23. Miracle to permit confession. 

*V23.3. Knight who built a chapel for Virgin Mary restored to life to 
confess a mortal sin. Especulo 208.144; Tubach 2944 c) 1. 

*V23.4. Man, apparendy dead, showed signs of life before interment so that 
priest could come and hear confession before he died, a.b.c. 198. 
V24. Miraculous manifestation at confession. 

*V24.2. Confession of adulterous deacon gives him power. His prayers re- 
lieve water shortage. Especulo 123.82. 

*V24.3. Man given silver spoon by devil confesses. Silver spoon falls to 
earth from above into his lap. He gives it to confessor. Especulo 
130.86; Tubach 4575. 
V29. Confession: miscellaneous motifs. 

*V29.10. Queen confesses her adultery. Confessor miraculously able to 
help her convince husband of fidelity. Returns lost ring to her. Espe- 
culo 125.83. 
V30. Sacrament. 

V33. 1.1. Doubt about sacramental transformation of Host is dispelled. Jesus' 
body and blood appear on altar. a.b.c. 433; Tubach 2689. 
V34. Miraculous working of the Host. 

*V34.5. Dying man cannot accept Host; prayers transform it so that he 
can swallow wafer; he is received by God. a.b.c. 154; Especulo 
257.173; Tubach 2649; cf. Tubach 2671. 

*V34.6. Corpse rejected by earth. Host applied and burial is completed. 
Especulo 42.29; Tubach 1270. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 77 



*V34.7. Host held high by priest chases demons from church. Espiculo 
252.171. 

*V34.8. Priest celebrating mass sees Host in form of the Infant Jesus wav- 
ing his arms and legs in air. Especulo 253.171-72; Tubach 2689 c). 

*V34.9. Cleric who dropped the Host three days confesses and does pen- 
ance. Fallen Host restored self as did wine in chalice. Especulo 
454.352-53; cf. Tubach 2654, 2655. 

*V34.10. Host applied to spider bite. Devil in form of spider bit over- 
adorned woman. Abbot brings Host to banish it. Especulo 429.325- 
26. 
V35. The stolen sacrament. 

V35.1. Friend brings Host to Jewish friend who promises to convert. Jew 
throws it into pig trough where pigs will not disturb it. He repents 
and is converted. Especulo 260.174; Tubach 2687. 

V35.1.1. Horse kneels before sacrament that priest is taking to a sick man. 
Youth misimderstands and tries to make horse rise. Especulo 255.172. 

*V35.3. Thieves leave box that had contained stolen Host. Pigs kneel before 
it. Swineherd shows miracle to town and priest restores it to its 
place. Especulo 256.172-73. 

*V35.4. Woman steals Host to make lover stay with her; hides it in coif. 
Head bleeds. Cantigas 104. 
V39. Sacrament: miscellaneous motifs. 

V39.8 Dying man refuses to take sacrament. Goes to hell, a.b.c. 153. 

*V39.10. Ailing Jew offered Host, attacks it with knife. Blood flows from 
Host, curing him. Repents and is converted. Especulo 259.174. 
V40. Mass. 

V4 1.1. Emperor trapped in cave-in in silver mine kept alive a year by wife's 
devotion to Virgin Mary and to masses. Cantigas 131; Tubach 3892. 

V41.2. Hearing masses causes triumph in tournament. Knight devoted to 
Virgin Mary stops on way to tourney to hear mass, never reaches 
tourney, but attends miraculously in spirit. Others praise his perform- 
ance. Especulo 232.155, 258.173; Tubach 4925. 

*V4 1.2.1. Hearing masses causes knight to miss battle. Virgin Mary (angel) 
serves miraculously in his stead. Cantigas 63; Castigos MS A BNM 
6559 4.94 (ADMYTE 127^13r); cf. Tubach 4925. 

*V41.2.2. Stopping to hear mass causes falsely accused courtier to avoid 
being burned to death in oven. His accuser burned instead. Cantigas 
78; cf. Tubach 4925. 

*V41.3. Mass said by priest cures pestilence. Farmer's family and stock 
saved. Especulo 246.169. 

*V41.4. Wife had masses said for husband in prison. Was freed. Especulo 
247.169; Tubach 3893. 

*V4 1.4.1. Prisoner chained cruelly miraculously released from chains at 
tierce when mass was said for him. Especulo 249.170; Tubach 926. 

*V41.5. Sailor drowning at sea saved by mass at moment it was said for 
him. Magically supplied with bread (wafer). Especulo 251.170-71; 
Tubach 4148. 

178 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V42.1. Masses free soul trapped m block of ice. a.b.c. 28; Tubach 2717. 
V49. Mass: miscellaneous motifs. 

V49.2. King goes hunting and does not attend mass at appointed hour. 

Angel holds mass. King returns and tells priest to celebrate mass. 

Priest refuses. a.b.c. 368 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 3228. 
V50. Prayer. 

*V51.6. Nun prays too rapidly. Virgin Mary teaches her to pray more 

slowly and more devoutly. Especulo 424.321; Tubach 438. 
V52. Miraculous power of prayer. 

V52.1. Prayers save lecher. He carries Gospel with him and prays to be 

saved from lechery. Whores reject him because they see his potential 

salvation, a.b.c. 80. 
*V52.1.1. Prayers of holy man do not save monk from temptation. Monk 

must also pray, a.b.c. 326. 
V52.3. Prayers win battle. Military leader prays when battle goes badly. 

Soldiers rally and he prevails, a.b.c. 32; Tubach 3875. 
*V52.3.1. Christ's name uttered in battle brings victory. Enemy defeated by 

Christians. Especulo 411.306-7. 
*V52.3.2. Prayers to Virgin Mary ensure raiders' success in Moorish terri- 
tory. Victorious, they present her with precious cloth. Cantigas 374. 
*V52.6.1. Priest swept overboard prays to Santiago and is tossed back on 

ship miraculously. Saint appears amid waves. Santiago 8.66-68. 
V52.10. Prayers free husband from prison. Coincident with moments of 

prayer, he experienced sensations of freedom even while in jail. a.b.c. 

318; Tubach 3893. 
*V52.16. Prayer cures gluttony. Monk prays and resists devil who tempts 

him. a.b.c. Ill; Tubach 2304. 
*V52. 17. Nun teaches young girl to pray to Virgin Mary using knuckles as 

guide. Girl dies, and Virgin shows her to grieving nun. Her fingers 

glow like precious gems. Especulo 377,276-77; Tubach 3915. 
*V52.18. Prayer and work help man free cart from mud. He had des- 
paired, but then God helped when he made effort. Especulo 408.304; 

Tubach 3646. 
*V52. 19. Even prayers not understood are efficacious. Simple friar's prayers 

will protect him from demons even though the words confotmd him. 

Especulo 419.318-19. 
*V52. 19.1. Prayers best weapon against demons. Especulo 420.319. 
*V52.20. Prayers to Virgin Mary expedite reward to illuminator of manu- 
scripts. Royal letter of authorization delayed until Virgin intervenes. 

Cantigas "ill . 
*V52.21. Woman prays that Virgin Mary show her her son. He appears 

and answers her Benedictus fructus ventris tuy with "Well, I am he." 

a.b.c. 280. 
*V52.22. Sinner troubled, enters church, prays, and leaves protected by an 

angel. a.b.c. 320. 
*V52.23. Priest's prayers relieve suffering of spirit condemned to serve as 

bathhouse keeper for eternity. a.b.c. 372; Tubach 504. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 79 



*V52.24. Prayers to Virgin Mary cause king to grant land. Supplicant 

promises offering to Virgin. Cantigas 382. 
V57. Purpose of prayer. 

*V57.4. Holy man's prayer brings needed rain. Friars had prayed for rain 

but not wholeheartedly. Especulo 423.320; a.b.c. 331; cf. Tubach 3885. 
*V57.5. Prayers for child answered. Childless couple have baby. Sendebar 

p. 67; Cantigas 43; San Alejo p. 68; Tubach 971. 
*V57.6. Bishop's prayers bring swarm of insects to defeat enemy. a.b.c. 332; 

Tubach 2754. 
*V57.7. Prayers miraculously demolish a mountain. Captives, ordered to 

move moimtain, recall Jesus's words about mustard seed and moun- 
tain. a.b.c. 170; Tubach 3424. 
*V57.8. Saint's prayers free the emperor Trajan from hell. Especulo 

160.109, 423^321; Tubach 2368. 
*V57.9. Prayers to Virgin Mary cause king to grant land. Supplicant 

promises offering to Virgin. Cantigas 382. 
V60. Funeral rites. 

V64.1. Money placed in coffin of body cast overboard to ensure burial. 

Apolonio c. 282. 
V80. Religious services: miscellaneous. 

V82. Circumcision to erase original sin and as a mark of difference from 

others. Estados 43. 
V85. Religious pilgrimages. 

*V85.1. Man makes pilgrimage to Holy Land and follows via crucis. 

Prayed to be able to follow Jesus to heaven. Prayer granted. a.b.c. 

434; Tubach 3797. 
*V85.2. Old woman falls ill on way to Holy Land and dies. Celestial light 

descends, and she ascends to heaven. Especulo 143.98-99. 
*V85.3. Sick man, fearful of purgatory, told to make pilgrimage. Dies and 

goes directly to heaven. Especulo 144.99. 
*V85.4. Returned pilgrim tells others not to make pilgrimage. Punished, 

falls and bites own tongue off. Especulo 146.99-100. 
*V85.5. Empress goes to Jerusalem seeking true cross. Finds three; tests 

them; only one cures dying woman. Abreviada 1.346. 
V86. Sign of the cross. 

*V86.1.4. Sign of cross. Saint makes spring water safe from serpent with 

sign of cross. Especulo 136.95-96; Tubach 1347. 
*V86.1.5. Sign of cross. Saint makes sign of cross and wine glass 

containing poison breaks and spills contents. Especulo 138.96. 
*V86.1.6. Sign of cross. Saint makes sign of cross and creates an area 

free of rain in a storm. Especulo 140.97. 
*V86.1.7. Sign of cross. Apostate emperor protects self with sign of 

cross. Especulo 145.99. 
*V86.1.8. Sign of cross vanquishes evil magic skull. Enchanted skull 

unable to speak in presence of sign of cross. Especulo 147.100. 
*V86.1.9. Sign of cross. Magician protects self from devils with sign of 

cross. Especulo 148.100-1. 

180 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V86.1.10. Sign of cross. Youth makes sign of cross to escape assem- 
blage of devils. Especulo 149.101-2. 

V86.2. Martyr with sign of cross and inscription on heart. "Jesus is my be- 
loved." Especulo 29.21. 

V100-V199. RELIGIOUS EDIFICES AND OBJECTS 

*V101. Nails that pierced Jesus' s hands and feet given to emperor. Uses 
them for bit for horse and for helmet. Abreviada 1.346. 
VI 10. Religious buildings. 
VI 11. Churches. 

VI 11.2. Stones for building church miraculously found. Cantigas 358; Tu- 
bach 4638. 

*V1 11.2.1. Wood for building church miraculously supplied by Virgin 
Mary. Cantigas 356. 

*V1 1 1 .4. Church protected by Virgin Mary. Attack by Moorish soldiers re- 
pelled. They are blinded and maimed. Cantigas 229. 

*V111.5. Virgin Mary tells pope to build her church where it snows in 
August. Cantigas 309. 
VI 16. Altars. 

*V1 16.1. Virgin Mary insists that lamps on altars bum only pure olive oil. 
All other oils will not bum. Cantigas 304. 
V120. Images. 

* VI 2 1.1. Impious image carved in marble turns black near image of Virgin 
Mary and Son. Prayers restore marble. Cantigas 219. 

VI 22.1. Image of Jesus descends from cross and wounds nun in cheek with 
nail when she tries to leave convent to join lover. Castigos 19. 1 17-1 8. 

*V122.2. Image of Virgin Mary prevents father from killing son's slayer. 
Cantigas 201 . 

VI 23. Image blamed by supplicant for misfortune. Did not keep safe own- 
er's belongings, a.b.c. 436; Tubach 2721. 

VI 25.1. Woman takes infant from statue of Virgin Mary because her own 
son is being hanged. Cantigas 76. 

VI 25.2. Realistic image of Virgin Mary convinces heretic that a virgin bore 
a child. Cantigas 306. 
V126. Image of saint speaks and acts. 

*V126.1. Image of Jesus nods its head in approval to holy man. a.b.c. 94; 
Tubach 1375. 

*V126.2. Image of Jesus speaks to monk who is leaving monastery. Will 
embrace him and save him from the devil. Monk retvims to monas- 
tery. Gatos 43. 

*V 126.3. Monk, leaving monastery, salutes image of Virgin Mary. Devils 
take his soul after he drowns in river. She saves him. Especulo 
369.271-72. 

*V 126.4. Image of Virgin Mary and her Son to be washed in clear water. 
Child, sick with scrofula, will be cured by drinking this water for five 
days. Cantigas 321. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 8 1 



*V126.5. Image of Virgin Mary placed in battlements turns away attackers. 
Cantigas 187, 394. 

*V126.6. King places image of Virgin Mary in church. Cures many ill- 
nesses. Cantigas 349. 
V127. Image of deity in stone. 

VI 27.1. Marble stone riven for church construction. Image of Virgin Mary 
and child appear in riven stone. Cantigas 342. 
V128. Motions of various kinds attributed to images. 

VI 28. 1.1. Child offers food to image of Infant Jesus. Image responds: "To- 
morrow you will eat with me in heaven," Cantigas 139. 

*V128.3. Woman loses at dice and angrily throws stone at image of Virgin 
Mary and child. Image raises arm to protect child. Statue resists res- 
toration by painter. Cantigas 136; Tubach 5152. 

*V1 28.3. 1 . Woman loses at dice and angrily throws stone at image of Virgin 
Mary. Figures of angels intercept stone and save image. Cantigas 
294. 

*V128.4. Man throws stone at statue of Virgin Mary and Jesus. She 
reaches out to keep infant's arm from falling. Blood flows from 
wounded statue. Cantigas 38. 

*V128.5. Sinner's sins to be pardoned when image of Virgin Mary moves 
from one side of church to the other. Image moves in response to 
woman's prayers. Cantigas 272. 

*V128.6. Image of Virgin Mary causes cloth in front of her to rise and 
descend. Cantigas 405. 

*V129. Image of Virgin Mary wears sash characteristic of pregnant woman. 
Sash moves miraculously to convince heretic that a virgin could give 
birth. Cantigas 306. 

*V129.1. Bishop moves image of Virgin Mary. Image repeatedly moves 
back to original place. Cantigas 162. 

*V 129.2. Roar of Virgin Mary's image causes earth tremors to protect 
monk from prosecution for minting money illegally. Cantigas 164. 

*V 129.3. Virgin Mary's image kisses hands of king dedicated to her. Ac- 
knowledges his gifts and songs to her. Cantigas 295. 

*V129.4. Man, mute for two years, speaks in presence of splendid image 
of Virgin Mary. Cantigas 324. 
V130. Other sacred objects connected with worship. 
V132. Holy water. 

VI 32.2.1. Archbishop sprinkles holy water and removes mark placed on 
man's face by the devil. a.b.c. 196. 

*V1 32.2.2. Holy water unable to disperse demons who menace city. Among 
citizens of besieged city is a fornicating priest. Especub 114.74. 
V140. Sacred relics. 

*V140.5. Relics of Virgin Mary preserved miraculously while others were 
damaged. Cantigas 257. 

VI 42. Devout possessor of false relic (St. Augustine's finger) miraculously 
receives authentic one through divine intervention, a.b.c. 103; Tu- 
bach 2029. 



182 MOTIF INDEX OF 



V200-V299. SACRED PERSONS 

*V205.2. Emperor insists on his own divinity. a.b.c. 360. 
V210. Religious founders. 

*V2 11.1.8.4. Infant Jesus causes date palms to bend and give shade to 

his family in desert. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.145-46 

(ADMYTE 92v). 
*V2 11.1.8.5. Infant Jesus tames dragons (serpents). Sends them on their 

way. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.145 (ADMYTE 91t;). 
V211.2.1.1. Christ disguised as leper. Saint gives him his robes and takes 

him to monastery. Rewarded. Especulo 301.209; cf Tubach 985. 
*V21 1.2.4. Jesus Christ appears to bishop to reproach him for praying for 

the destruction of sinners. a.b.c. 110. 
*V2 11.5.2. Christ appears in dream to woman who could not confess. 

Tells her to touch his heart through open wound. Now she must 

show him hers. She awakens with bloody hand that is cleaned after 

confession. Especulo 131.87. 
*V21 1 .5.3. Christ appears to saint attacked by demons. Saint cured. Espe- 
culo 357.258-59. 
*V21 1.5.4. Christ appears to saint who erred in rejoicing over sins of an 

enemy. Especulo 359.259-60. 
*V2 11.5.5. Christ appears walking on water to save ship in stormy seas. 

Calms seas and winds. Castigos 7.64. 
V220. Saints. 
V221. Miraculous healing by saints. 

V221.2. Saint restores dumb man's speech. Esopete p. 3. 

V221.6. Santiago rewards pilgrimage of father. Sustains falsely accused 

son on gallows until innocence is proved. a.b.c. 38; Santiago 5.56-61; 

Tubach 3796. 
*V221.13. Saint frees man's hand magically attached to sickle. Exacts 

promise that man will never again work on saint's day. a.b.c. 164; 

Cantigas 289, 396. 
*V221.14. Saint's remains cure illness of pilgrims. Mute regains speech; 

blind recover sight; and lepers cured. San Alejo p. 81. 
V222. IVliraculous manifestation acclaims saint. 

*V222.1.5. Unjustly vilified saint denied burial. Asks that body be placed 

outside locked church doors. Magic wind blows doors open so that 

he can be buried, a.b.c. 33; Tubach 2370. 
*V222.6.2. Bell sounds to call saint for canonical hours. To escape vain- 
glory, prays to God that only he be able to hear it. Especulo 293.202. 
V222.8. Holy man's cell set afire. It bums, and he does not. Persecutors 

throw him into a baker's oven. Next day he was alive and well 

though his clothes had burned, a.b.c. 389. 
V222. 15. Saint changes maggots in the sores of a nun into precious stones. 

a.b.c. 342; Tubach 2266. 
*V222.17. Christ appears to Saint Francis and puts the marks of his cru- 
cifixion on his body (stigmata). Especulo 443.337. 
V223. Saints have miraculous knowledge or powers. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 83 



*V223.7. Saint anticipates arrival of robbers to his garden. Leaves spades 
for them and prepares food. They spade his garden instead of rob- 
bing him. a.b.c. 291. 

*V223.8. Santiago saves ship of Christian pilgrims from Moorish attack. 
Santiago 7.64-66. 
V229. Saints: miscellaneous. 

*V229.7.2. Knight promises a pilgrimage if Santiago helps to defeat Moors. 
Promise not kept until he is reminded. Santiago 6.69-72. 

*V229.7.3. Knight fleeing battle calls on Santiago for protection from pur- 
suers. Promises to make pilgrimage. Santiago 15.79-81. 
V230. Angels. 

V230.3. Angel and mortal (Jacob) struggle. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
87.223. 

V231.5. Angel appears to woman to warn her not to force young woman 
into marriage. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 18.132. 
V232. .\ngel as helper. 

V232. 1.1. Angel appears and helps young prince to slay treacherous tmcle. 
Qifar pp. 79-80. 

*V232. 1 .2. Angel as helper. Teaches through parable that work is prayer. 
a.b.c. 7. 

*V232.1.3. Angels and devils ready to fight for good abbot's soul. Angels 
prevail. a.b.c. 30; Tubach 1492. 

*V232.1.4. Prophet arranges for army of angels to save king from enemy, 
a.b.c. 58. 

*V232.3.2. Angel reveals truth about divine justice to holy man. Angel had 
stolen a good man's platter; killed the good man's son; given platter 
to an evil man. Good man had stolen platter; son had intended to 
kill father next day; evil man to be damned for possession of stolen 
property, a.b.c. 230; Tubach 2558. 

*V232.3.3. Angel explains why sinful rich man is buried with honors, and 
pious monk is devoured ignobly by lion. Evil will suffer in afterlife, 
good will not. a.b.c. 105; Especulo 511.404; Tubach 223. 

V232.8. Angel helps saint escape from prison. Castigos 37.174. 

*V232. 1 1 . Angel assures husband that devil had lied about his wife's fidelity. 
Explains she had sent ring to him as token. San Alejo p. 107. 

*V232.12. King gives angels disguised as goldsmiths jewels and gold to 
create a cross for the altar of his church. PCG 2.616.349. 
V235. Mortal visited by angel. 

V235.3. Angel bars abbot from his cell because he has cast out a monk 
who had sinned, a.b.c. 226. 

*V235.3.1. Abbot visited by devil disguised as angel in vision. Told to 
change rules in monastery. a.b.c. 4; Tubach 19. 

*V235.3.2. Monk sees dark angels over heads of those who were to die. 
a.b.c. 203; Tubach 1468. 

*V235.4. Saint shelters freezing, starving beggar. Beggar is angel sent by 
Christ. Especulo 303.210; cf Tubach 3653. 
V246. Angel counsels mortal. 

184 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V246.0.3. Angel appears in vision to king. He must interrupt journey, 
sail to EphesuSj and tell his story at Diana's temple. Apolonio cc. 
577-83. 
V249. Angels: miscellaneous motifs. 

*V249.3. Host of angels summoned by Virgin Mary appear to defend town 
under attack by Moorish army. Cantigas 165, 395. 
V250. Virgin Mary. 

V251. Virgin Mary delays death so as to save sinner's soul, a.b.c. 98. 

V25 1.1. Virgin Mary brings man back from dead after he has seen hell's tor- 
ments. He has thirty days to save his soul with prayers. Milagros 10; 
a.b.c. 201. 

*V25 1.1.1. Sacristan had always honored Virgin Mary. He drowns with- 
out time for prayer and repentance. She resuscitates him so that he 
can die shriven. Milagros 2. 

*V251.1.2. St. Peter and Virgin Mary intercede for foolish sinner. Resusci- 
tate him to save his soul. Milagros 7. 

*V251.1.3. Virgin Mary intercedes for sinner. His soul is permitted to 
return to body to mend his ways. Cantigas 14. 

*V251.3. Virgin Mary helps excommunicated man to restore self. Cantigas 
65. 

V252.2. Virgin Mary saves woman responsible for murder of son-in-law 
from fire at stake, a.b.c. 272. 

*V252.2. 1 . Virgin Mary saves calumniated wife from fire at stake. Cantigas 
185. 

*V252.3. Virgin Mary saves unjust banker who had sworn falsely about 
money in his keeping. Cantigas 239. 

*V252.3.1. Virgin Mary saves empress falsely accused of infidelity. Canti- 
gas 5. 

*V252.4. Virgin Mary saves woman devoted to her from three suicide at- 
tempts. She dies and goes to heaven with angels. Cantigas 201; Tu- 
bach 4672. 

*V252.5. Virgin Mary grants freedom from lustful behavior to devoted 
man. He lives chastely freed from his desires. Cantigas 336; Tubach 
3098. 

*V252.6. Virgin Mary substitutes for woman whose husband has pledged her 
to the devil. Devil flees. Cantigas 216; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
83.216; Tubach 5115. 

*V252.7. Moroccans sally forth against Abu Yusuf with insignia of Virgin 
Mary to protect them; they defeat the invader. Cantigas 181. 
V254. Efficacy of saying "Aves." 

V254. 1.1. Virgin Mary supports robber on gallows. He said "Ave Maria" 
often. Keeps him alive three days; persuades executioners to cut him 
down, a.b.c. 48, 270; Cantigas 13; Milagros 6; Tubach 2235. 

*V254. 1 .2. Nobleman says "Ave" while being dragged behind horse on way 
to decapitation. Devotion to Virgin Mary saves him. a.b.c. 278. 

*V254.1.3. Virgin Mary saves robber from hangman's rope and from the 
knife. He had prayed to her daily. Unable to kill him, they free him. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 85 



a.b.c. 270; cf. Tubach 2235. 

*V254.1.4. Virgin Mary cures leper who had said a thousand "Aves." 
Cantigas 93. 

*V254.2.1. Virgin Mary saves greedy, evil man from devils who are carry- 
ing his soul to hell. He had always said "Ave Maria." Milagros 11. 

V254.3.1. Blasphemer paralyzed in all members save tongue. Power re- 
tained to say "Ave." a.h.c. 47; Tubach 4904. 

*V254.3.2. Gambler blasphemes upon losing at dice. Loses power of 
speech; regains it after praying to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 1 63; cf. Tu- 
bach 4904. 

V254.7.1. Criminal who said "Ave" beheaded. Severed head calls repeat- 
edly "Ave Maria" (or Jesus Christ). a.b.c. 46; Especulo 30.21; Tu- 
bach 2482. 

*V254.7.2. Thief, devoted to Virgin Mary, beheaded. Denied confessor, 
severed head speaks until confessor comes, and he confesses. Especulo 
367.270. 

*V254.7.3. "Ave" appears on leaves of tree planted over grave of person 
who said the prayer every day. a.b.c. 43; cf. Tubach 430. 

*V254.7.4. Virgin Mary saves life of little boy carried off to sea in the surf. 
Child, taught by mother to say "Ave," said it as he was carried away. 
a.b.c. 282. 

*V254.7.5. Virgin Mary teaches nun to say "Ave Maria" to abbreviate 
prayers. Cantigas 71; Tubach 438. 

V254.8. Devil lives in household of robber baron devoted to Virgin Mary. 
Awaits day he will not say "Ave" so that he can carry him off. Devil 
faUs. a.b.c. 45, 266; Especulo 368.270-71; Tubach 1558. 

*V254.8.2. Virgin Mary diverts stream from greedy knight's land to monas- 
tery land. Cantigas 48. 

V255. Virgin Mary has dissolute monk buried in consecrated ground. Mila- 
gros 3. 

V255.1. Virgin Mary causes flower to grow from mouth of dead devotee so 
that his grave is discovered. Milagros 3; Cantigas 24; Tubach 2094. 

V255.2. Virgin Mary gives private mass to devout woman unable to at- 
tend mass in chiorch. a.b.c. 265; Tubach 3218. 

*V255.3. Virgin Mary intercedes for man who has died and gone to hell. 
Resuscitated, he returns to earth to repent and to do penance, a.b.c. 
201. 

*V255.4. Virgin Mary shows greedy cleric the value of humility. She blesses 
poor old woman who is dying while cleric attends a rich man who is 
besieged by devils. Cantigas 75. 

*V255.4.1. Monk insists on rich foods and wine in monastery. Virgin 
Mary offers taste of sacred lectuary to other monks. Cantigas 88. 

*V255.5. Rosebush with five roses grows fi-om mouth of dead nun, reward 
for five psalms to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 56; Tubach 437. 
V256. Miraculous healing by Virgin Mary. 

*V256.1.1. Virgin Mary cures chronic headaches of monk (mm) who al- 
ways prayed to her. a.b.c. 279; Tubach 2488. 

186 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V256.1.2. Virgin Mary's milk cures dying monk. Cantigas 54. 

*V256. 1.2.1. Virgin Mary's milk cures sinful cleric given to seizvires. Angel 

intervenes, and image produces milk miraculously. Cantigas 404. 
*V256.1.3. Virgin Mary cures shepherd boy. Boy returns and awakens 

from dream able to preach even though he was unlettered. Cantigas 

53. 
*V256.1.4. Virgin Mary cures man who is deaf and mute. Cantigas 69, 

101, 234, 269. 
*V256. 1 .4. 1 . Virgin Mary cures blind monk. In dream is promised he will 

see after mass. Cantigas 92; Tubach 692. 
*V256.1.4.2. Virgin Mary cures girl bom blind in response to mother's 

prayers. Cantigas 247. 
*V256.1.4.3. Virgin Mary restores sight to scoffer. Knight who scorned 

wife's prayers punished. Is cured because he prayed to Virgin. Can- 
tigas 314. 
*V256. 1 .4.4. Virgin Mary cures young man's blindness. Sight regained, he 

vows to eat nothing but vegetables. Cantigas 338. 
*V256.1.4.5. Virgin Mary cures blindness of man who had denied God and 

praised devil. Cantigas 407. 
*V256.1.5. Virgin Mary cures paralyzed woman. Cantigas 77, 179, 268. 
*V256. 1.5.1. Virgin Mary cures woman whose face is distorted. Mouth so 

twisted she could not eat. Prays for nine days and is cured. Cantigas 

357. 
*V256. 1 .5.2. Virgin Mary cures woman afflicted with snake in her stomach. 

After prayers, snake emerges from her mouth. Cantigas 368. 
*V256. 1.5.3. Virgin Mary cures man paralyzed (stroke) by blow to head 

from falling stone during church construction. Cantigas 385. 
*V256.1.5.4. Virgin Mary cures girl whose feet were twisted and turned to 

the rear. Cantigas 391. 
*V256.1.6. Virgin Mary cures paralyzed man who promised to make pil- 
grimage. Cantigas 166, 218, 263, 333. 
*V256.1.7. Virgin Mary cures wounds of son of woman devoted to her. 

Cantigas 1 14. 
*V256. 1.7.1. Virgin Mary pulls out arrow from squire's side. Cures wound. 

Cantigas 408. 
*V256.1.8. Virgin Mary cures young prince of mortal illness after queen 

took him on pilgrimage to pray to Virgin. Cantigas 221. 
*V256.1.9. Virgin Mary cures woman's blindness after vigil. She advises 

blind man that he pray for sight also. Cantigas 278. 
*V256.1.10. Virgin Mary cures twisted mouth and arm of man pvinished 

for disrespect. Cantigas 293. 
*V2 5 6.1.11. Virgin Mary cures child vnth grain stalk germinating in 

stomach. Stalk miraculously emerges from his left side. Cantigas 315. 
*V256.1.12. Virgin Mary cures child (woman) with rabies. Cantigas 319, 

372, 393. 
*V256.1.13. Virgin Mary cures child whose parents promise a pilgrimage 

and modest offerings. Cantigas 389. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 87 



*V256.1.14. The Virgin Mary's relics cure blind goldsmith so he can re- 
place chest that had contained them before fire. Cantigas 362. 

*V256.1.15. King's mortal illness cured by Virgin Mary. Cantigas 235. 

V256.3. The Virgin Mary restores severed hand to Saint John Damascene. 
a.b.c. 273; Tubach 2419. 

*V256.3.1 . Holy man severs own hand because a woman had kissed it. Did 
not celebrate mass. Virgin restored hand so he could celebrate mass. 
a.b.c. 391; Tubach 2419. 

V256.4. Virgin (Santiago) saves life of pilgrim who, at devil's instigation, 
had castrated self to atone for sin of fornication. Offending organ not 
restored. Milagros 8; Cantigas 26; Santiago 17.86-94. 

*V256.4.1. Virgin Mary restores feet to man who had severed them be- 
cause of pain. Cantigas 37. 

*V256.4.2. Virgin Mary heals man with kidney stones (gallstones) so that 
he can continue to pray to her. Especulo 371.272; Cantigas 173; Tu- 
bach 4632. 

*V256.4.3. Virgin Mary cures leprosy of devoted pilgrim. In combat with 
dragon, blood had transmitted disease. Cantigas 189. 

*V256.4.4. Virgin Mary cures dropsical woman who prayed to her. Canti- 
gas 308. 

*V256.4.5. Virgin Mary cures woman whose arm swelled dangerously. 
Cantigas 346. 

*V256.4.6. Virgin Mary cures king's illness. Swollen limbs are restored to 
health. Cantigas 368. 

V256.5. Virgin Mary defeats devils who want soul of drowning monk who 
practiced lechery but always prayed to her. a.b.c. 267; Cantigas 111; 
Tubach 5139. 

*V256.5.1. Sacristan, who always had saluted image of Virgin Mary, was 
tempted by devil. On his way he drowns, and he is restored to life be- 
cause of his devotion. Milagros 2; cf. Tubach 5139. 

*V256.5.1.1. Virgin Mary saves life of wife drowned in sack and thrown 
into sea by husband. She confironts him in church, and they both go 
on pilgrimage. Cantigas 287. 

*V256.6. Carter lost oxteam in river and contracted St. Anton's and St. 
Martial's disease. He put diseased bone in church dedicated to Virgin 
Mary. She tells him to replace bone and cures him. a.b.c. 164; Tu- 
bach 2139. 

V256.6. 1. Virgin Mary cures devotees afflicted with erysipelas. Cantigas 81, 
91. 

*V257. Woman prays to Virgin Mary for baby. Baby is born but is death- 
ly ill. Virgin cures him. Cantigas 21. 

*V257. 1 . Assassins pray to Virgin Mary. They are punished with dreadful 
skin diseases. She cures them. Cantigas 19. 

*V257.2. Man with bone stuck in throat prays to Virgin Mary. As he prays 
he coughs and expels bone. Cantigas 322. 

*V257.3. Virgin Mary cures bandits who had robbed women who had 



188 MOTIF INDEX OF 



stopped to eat at a spring. They promise not to rob anymore. Canti- 

gas 57. 
*V258. Virgin Mary protects thirty workmen building a church when tower 

collapses and falls on them. Cantigas 364. 
*V258.1. Virgin Mary saves child after he and his horse fall from high 

bridge. Father had called out to her for help. Cantigas 337. 
V261. 1 . Virgin Mary enables unlettered priest to regain his office because of 

his faith. Miraculously sews bishop's vestment, a.b.c. 264; Tubach 

3231. 
*V261.1.1.1. Virgin Mary reproaches bishop who had denied vinlettered 

priest's right to say mass. (He will die in thirty days.) Milagros 9; 

Cantigas 32. 
V261.2. Virgin Mary pardons man who repented for enlisting devil's help 

in election to bishopric. a.b.c. 261. 
*V261 .2. 1 . Virgin Mary selects simple parish priest to be new bishop despite 

his lack of learning. Milagros 13; Cantigas 87. 
*V261.3. Virgin Mary protects widow accused of incestuous relations with 

her son. Woman confesses sin and is absolved, a.b.c. 274; Tubach 

2734. 
*V261.3.1. Virgin Mary saves woman who had three sons by her broth- 
er. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 83.216; cf. Tubach 2728, 2729. 
*V261.4. Knight leaves wife in care of Virgin Mary when he leaves for 

battle. Cantigas 64. 
V262. Virgin Mary supplies mead (wine) for xmprepared hostess of the 

king. Cantigas 23. 
*V262.1. Virgin Mary sends mountain goats to monastery to be milked by 

monks. Cantigas 52. 
V264. Virgin Mary rescues devotees. 

V264. Virgin Mary rescues drunken cleric who is attacked by devil dis- 
guised as a bull. Milagros 20; Tubach 1812. 
V264.1. Virgin Mary brings man pact he signed with devil and frees him 

from devil's power, a.b.c. 261; Milagros 24; Cantigas 3; Especulo 

361.264-65; Talavera 1.13.90; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 82.215; 

Tubach 3572. 
*V264.1.1. Virgin Mary rescues greedy man from devils who are carrying 

his soul to hell. He had always said "Ave Maria." Milagros 11. 
*V264.1.2. Virgin rescues from falling a painter whose scaffold has been 

removed by devil. a.b.c. 263; Tubach 3573. 
*V264.2. Virgin Mary rescues pilgrim whose ship sinks at sea. Cantigas 33. 
*V264.2.1. Virgin Mary saves woman whose ship sank. A sack of flour 

serves her as raft to reach shore. Cantigas 37 1 . 
*V264.3. Virgin Mary exchanges places with wife of man who had prom- 
ised to deliver her to devil. Defeats devil. a.b.c. 268; Castigos MS A 

BNM 6559 82.216; Tubach 5283. 
*V264.3.1. Virgin Mary takes place of nun who had left convent to be 

with lover so that her absence went unnoticed. Cantigas 94; Tubach 

536. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 189 



*V264.2. Devotee of Virgin stops to pray. Delay foils ambush, a.b.c. 8; 

Tubach 4925. 
*V264.5. Pregnant woman caught in tides calls on Virgin Mary. She is res- 
cued and comes ashore holding her baby. Milagros 19; Cantigas 86; 

Tubach 4864. 
*V264.6. Virgin Mary saves farmer wounded mortally by enemies of his 

master. Cantigas 22. 
*V264.7. Virgin Mary protects merchant thrown in sea by robbers. Despite 

weight tied to body he surfaces and calls for help. Cantigas 193. 
*V264.8. Virgin Mary protects minstrel waylaid by servants of host sent to 

rob and kill him. Cantigas 194. 
V265. Virgin Mary miraculously prevents nun from leaving convent to join 

lover. a.b.c. 281; Cantigas 58, 59, 285; Castigos 19.118-20. 
*V265.2. Monk persuaded to leave monastery and marry. Virgin Mary 

convinces him to return to monastery, a.b.c. 271. 
V268. Miracles performed under protection of Virgin Mary. 

*V268. 1.1. Virgin Mary resuscitates boy killed and buried by Jew because 

the boy sang "Gaude Maria." Cantigas 6. 
V268.2. Virgin Mary restores life to drowned man who always had saluted 

her. Cantigas 11. 
V268.3. Virgin Mary destroys Moorish army besieging Constantinople. 

a.b.c. 275; Cantigas 28, 264; Tubach 349. 
*V268.3.1. Virgin Mary sends saintly warrior in battle to kill enemy of 

Christians. Cantigas 15. 
*V268.3.3. Moorish commander spares church because Virgin Mary protects 

it. Cantigas 169. 
*V268.3.4. Virgin Mary convinces Moorish leader to cede city to Christian 

rule. Alcanate becomes Puerto de Sta. Maria. Cantigas 328. 
V268.4. Virgin Mary saves shipwrecked sailor. Milagros 22; Tubach 4334. 
*V268.4.1. Virgin Mary destroys devoted woman's abductors. Gives her 

power to sail ship to safe port and to dispose of corpses of enemy. 

Qifar p. 29. 
*V268.4.2. Sailors call upon Virgin Mary during storm at night. She ap- 
pears on mast and guides them to port. Cantigas 36. 
*V268.4.3. Merchant calls upon Virgin Mary during storm at sea. Ship's 

broken mast is restored; storm abates. Cantigas 172; Tubach 4649. 
*V268.4.3.1. Cleric calls upon Virgin Mary during storm. Dove appears, 

ship is illimiinated, and seas become calm. Cantigas 313. 
*V268.4.4. Virgin Mary appears to guide lost pilgrims through mountains. 

Cantigas 49. 
*V268.4.5. Virgin Mary saves storm-tossed ship laden with grain. Sailors 

had prayed to her. Cantigas 112; Tubach 4649. 
*V268.4.5.1. Virgin Mary calms sea and saves merchant's ship in storm. 

Within ten days it arrives safely in port. Cantigas 261 . 
*V268.4.5.2. Virgin Mary saves sinking ship. Sailors bail out water, and 

three fish plug hole in ship bottom. Cantigas 339, 
*V268.4.6. Virgin Mary saves mother and baby from shipwreck. She walks 

190 MOTIF INDEX OF 



on ocean waves to safety. Cantigas 236. 
V268.5. Image of Virgin Mary works miracles. 

*V268.5.1. Image of Virgin Mary keeps boy safe from fire after he is 
thrown in oven by his father. a.b.c. 269; Milagros 16; Cantigas 4; Tu- 
bach2041. 

*V268.5.2. Moorish invaders defeated when they try to destroy image of 
Virgin Mary. Cantigas 99. 

*V268.6. Cleric prays to Virgin Mary. Saves friend from fierce bull run- 
ning through streets. Cantigas 144. 

*V268.7. Woman falling from great height calls upon Virgin Mary. She 
lands unhurt. Cantigas 191. 

*V268.8. Lightning strikes chapel and bums it to ground. Seated figure of 
Virgin Mary and Jesus survives fire untouched. Milagros 14. 

*V268.8.1. Monastery chapel bums, statue of Virgin Mary does not. 
Cantigas 39. 

*V268.8.2. Fire destroys church but does not bum relics of Virgin Mary. 
Cantigas 35; cf Tubach 1054. 

*V268.8.3. Virgin Mary saves monastery from boulder. Course of falling 
boulder is diverted. Cantigas 113. 

*V268.9. Virgin Mary gives youths extraordinary strength. Able to lift 
marble slabs for construction of church. Cantigas 23 1 . 

*V268.10. Virgin Mary opens closed church doors late at night for wor- 
shiper who had forgotten Sabbath. Opens town gates. Cantigas 246. 

*V268.11. Virgin Mary intervenes in fight between sailors who battle be- 
fore altar. Cantigas 248. 

*V268.12. Thieves steal beehives given to church. Parishioners call upon 
Virgin Mary. She sends a man who himts thieves down. Cantigas 
326. 
V276. Virgin Mary appears to erring person. 

V276. 1 . Virgin Mary, in unfinished garb, appears to erring cleric and urges 
him to resume prayers that will complete her garments. a.b.c. 276; 
Tubach 3913. 

*V276. 1.1. Virgin Mary appears to monk fleeing monastery. She holds im- 
finished garment he had begun for her. He returns to monastery. 
Cantigas 274. 

V276.2. Virgin Mary appears and pardons young monk who has been too 
overworked to pray to her. a.b.c. 277; Tubach 5129. 

*V276.4. Virgin Mary causes great wind to open shutters closed against 
vision of miraculously illuminated church. Sinning cleric leaves mistress 
and enters monastery. Cantigas 151. 

*V276.5. Virgin Mary defends monk falsely accused of theft. Cantigas 151. 
V277. Virgin Mary appears to devotee. 

V277.1. Nun prayed that Virgin Mary would show her her son. She ap- 
pears with infant who addresses nun. a.b.c. 280. 

*V277.2. Young woman yearned for baby Jesus from early childhood. Re- 
warded for devotion, she accepts Host and accompanies Virgin Mary 
to heaven. Cantigas 251. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 9 1 



*V277.3. Virgin Mary appears to knight given to sin. Brings him beautiful 
platter filled with putrid matter to convince him to give up foul ways. 
Cantigas 152. 

*V277.4. Virgin Mary appears to unwilling pilgrim to her shrine. Insincere 
woman magically transported to altar. Cantigas 153. 

V278. Virgin Mary appears to young girl. Promises her admission to 
heaven if she gives up games, dancing, and diversion. Girl dies in 
thirty days and goes to heaven, a.b.c. 85; Especulo 133.91-92; Cas- 
tigos MS A BNM 6559 82.216-17; Glosa 2.2.21.220-21; Cantigas 
79; Tubach 1424. 

*V279. Lovelorn knight prays to Virgin Mary. He pledges self to her and 
forgets past love. Cantigas 16. 
V290. Other sacred persons. 

V292.3. St. Peter appears to martyred pope who had ordered that he not 
be buried because of his having sinned. a.b.c. 193; Tubach 3851. 

V300-V399. RELIGIOUS BELIEFS 
V310. Particular dogmas. 

V312. Belief in Virgin Birth. Divine intervention caused Mary to be im- 
pregnated and remain virgin. Angel explained to Joseph that Holy 
Spirit had engendered Jesus. Estados 1.40. 

*V312.3. Monk questions transubstantiation. Host transformed into bleed- 
ing flesh. a.b.c. 433; Tubach 2689. 
V316. Efficacy of prayer. 

*V316.2. Saint offers prayers to priest in pain in exchange for promise to 
cease fornicating. Especulo 110.72. 

*V316.3. Enmity between contemplative and active friars. Both serve God. 
a.b.c. 329, 425; Tubach 5386. 

*V316.3.1. One of two friars leaves monastery to live like the angels in the 
desert. Returns, starving and bitten by flies and wasps, begging to 
return. Permitted to enter only if he will work, a.b.c. 428; Especulo 
341.242-43. 
V320. Heretics. 

*V324. Heretic king (Arian) orders death of Christian courtier who denied 
his faith and became Arian to please king. a.b.c. 169. 

*V324.1. Arian bishop, in bath, visited by angel who kills him. a.b.c. 
169. 

*V327.1. Heretic is convinced of transubstantiation by actual appearance of 
the Infant Jesus on the altar, offering him true body and blood. a.b.c. 
390. 

*V329. Heretic made to excrete his own entrails, a.b.c. 187; Tubach 2534. 
V330. Conversion from one religion to another. 

V331.1. Conversion to Christianity by miracle of seeing blood flow firom 
crucifix. a.b.c. 90, 91; Glosa 1.1.13.66-67; Tubach 1373. 

V331.1.2. Conversion to Christianity through appearance of cross and 
host of angels in dream (Constantine) . Castigos MS A BNM 6559 
10.107; PCG \. 3\(). 1^3-^6; Abreviada 1.339; Tubach 1218. 

192 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V331.1.5. Unpaid debt (money in stick) scattered on road. False debtor, 
lying dead in road. Jewish creditor will not take repayment unless 
dead man is resuscitated. He will accept baptism if miracle is per- 
formed. a.b.c. 234; Tubach 3352. 

*V331.1.6. Conversion to Christianity. Robbery victim and thieves 
swayed by apparition of St. Nicholas. a.b.c. 436. 

*V331.1.7. Conversion to Christianity. King gives half the realm to son 
who is a Christian. Subjects in son's kingdom are converted. Finally 
father is converted as well. Barlaam pp. 302-7. 

*V33 1 .1.8. Conversion to Christianity. Virgin Mary frees Jew from captivi- 
ty in thieves' lair. Shows him visions of hell and heaven. Cantigas 85. 

*V331.1.9. Conversion to Christianity. Virgin Mary appears to Moorish 
slave assaulted by devil. Will free him if he converts. Cantigas 192, 
397. 

*V331.1.10. Conversion through miracle. Heretic conjures up devil to 
cure a woman's infertility. Devil is vanquished when priest bearing 
the Host passes by. Heretic is converted, a.b.c. 432. 

*V33 1.1.11. Conversion to Christianity through miracle. Generous man's 
food supply miraculously replenished. He converts after mysterious 
woman and child (Virgin Mary and child) disappear without trace. 
Cantigas 335. 

*V331.1.12. Jew converted to Christianity when dead hero's hand is 
raised against him. PCG 2.962.643. 

*V331.1.13. Son of Moorish woman resuscitated by Virgin Mary. Mother 
converts to Christianity. Cantigas 167. 

V331.10. Conversion to Christianity. Pagan philosopher converted after 
disputation with young celibate prince. Barlaam p. 298; Estados 42. 

V331.10.1. Conversion to Christianity because of goodness of saintly 
monk. Pagan priest beats rude monk but admires his teacher, a.b.c. 
218; Tubach 1237. 

*V331.10.2. Conversion to Christianity through admiration of happy 
Christian life in anticipation of heaven. Good king sees happiness of 
poorest of his subjects, a.b.c. 350; Barlaam pp. 134-39. 

*V331.1 1. Conversion to Christianity. Moorish woman with small son in 
arms appears on battlements of besieged city. Christians, moved by 
resemblance to Virgin Mary, spare her. In gratitude she converts and 
has son baptized. Cantigas 205. 

V332. Baptism of pagan. Is told of Christ and is baptized. Barlaam p. 
298. 
V336. Conversion to Judaism. 

V336. Nebuchadnezzar converted to Judaism. Convinced by Daniel's 
miraculous survival in hons' den. Castigos 9.69-70. 
V340. Miracle manifested to nonbelievers. 

V345. Dove flies out of mouth of monk who wants the daughter of a 
pagan. Evidence that he has denied his God. a.b.c. 106; Tubach 
1760. 

*V345.1. God restores sight of monk, sightless for forty years, so that he 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 193 



can preach to other monks. When he dies, his soul leaves body in 
form of a dove, a.b.c. 27. 

*V348. Miracle holds fast horses of oppressors. Horses cannot cross a 
stream, a.b.c. 191; Tubach 2636. 
V350. Conflicts between religions. 

V351. Debate to prove which religion is better. Pagan philosopher acknow- 
ledges that simple Christian bishop has convinced him. a.b.c. 250. 

*V351.1.2. Debate between Christian and Jewish scholars. Emperor ar- 
ranged debate to convert mother. Abreviada 1.344. 

V352. Bishop wins debate with pagan philosophers miraculously. He orders 
them in Jesus' name not to speak. They lose power of speech, a.b.c. 
431; Tubach 4560. 

*V352.2. Christian knight in pagan court accused of disloyalty (political 
and religious) by envious courtiers, a.b.c. 215 (not in Paris MS). 

*V353. Christians defeat foe who had tried to force them to worship sim. 
a.b.c. 416. 
V360. Christian traditions concerning Jews. 

*V360. 1 . Jew vanquishes devil by making sign of the cross. Saves saint 
from sin. Is converted, a.b.c. 92. 

*V360.2. King punishes steward who had robbed a Jew. King had prom- 
ised safe conduct through a wood, a.b.c. 167; Tubach 2799. 

*V360.3. Jew tells Christian his faith tells him he has right to take 
belongings of non-Jews. Steals Christian's mule and reminds him of 
previous warning, a.b.c. 202; Tubach 2796. 

*V360.4. False debtor, lying dead in road. Jewish creditor will not take re- 
payment unless dead man is resuscitated. He will accept baptism if 
miracle is performed, a.b.c. 234; Tubach 2793. 

*V360.5. Bad Christians in even lower position in hell than Jews. They had 
been redeemed and had not valued their redemption. a.b.c. 435. 

V363. Jewish child thrown into oven by father for taking communion; re- 
vived by Virgin Mary, a.b.c. 269; Milagros 16; Cantigas 4; Tubach 
2041. 

*V363.1. Virgin Mary takes synagogue and turns it into church. Cantigas 
27. 

*V364.1. Jew stabs statue of Jesus. Blood flows from wovmd; he throws 
it in well, a.b.c. 90; Tubach 1373. 

*V364.2. Jew beats statue of St. Nicholas because it had not protected 
house from thieves. Saint recovers goods; Jew converts. a.b.c. 436; 
Tubach 3471. 

*V364.3. Ailing Jew offered Host, attacks it with knife. Blood flows from 
Host, curing him. Repents, and is converted. Especulo 259.174; Tu- 
bach 2689 b). 

*V364.4. Jew steals painted image of Virgin Mary. Jew dies, and Christian 
rescues image. Cantigas 34. 

*V364.5. Jews crucified wax figure of Jesus Christ. Cantigas 12; Milagro 
18. 
V380. Religious beliefs: miscellaneous. 

194 MOTIF INDEX OF 



V385. Roman council will not include Jesus Christ in pantheon because he 
preached poverty and had few followers, a.b.c. 349; Tubach 1008. 

V400-V499. RELIGIOUS VIRTUES 
V400. Charity. 

*V401. King grants all wishes of those who come to him. They must not 
leave unhappy, a.b.c. 364; Tubach 1459. 
V410. Charity rewarded. 

V4 10.1.1. Poor man who shared the little he had was rewarded by the Vir- 
gin Mary when he died. Milagros 5. 

*V411.2.1. Rich man gave fox furs to beggar. After he died, a religious 
appeared wearing fiirs that have kept him warm and safe. Especulo 
242.162-63. 

V41 1.3. Man who had been charitable sinned by saving money against fu- 
ture illness. Has foot amputated. Restored miraculously when he con- 
fesses sin. Previous charity rewarded. a.b.c. 355; Tubach 2139. 

*V4 11.3.1. Saint gives silver plate and contents to poor man. Hand that 
gave charity is incorruptible forever. Especulo 237.160. 

*V41 1.5. Wealth given away by saint restored. Meets a lad who produces 
gold magically and gives it to him. Cantigas 145. 

*V41 1 .5. 1 . Merchant gives wealth to God because he will be rewarded hun- 
dredfold. Digs and finds gold worth three himdred silver pounds. 
Especulo 244.164; Tubach 176. 

*V4 11.5.2. Saint gives all his money to poor. Others criticize him. Later 
sack of money mysteriously left for him. Especulo 402.297. 

V411.7. King gives clothes to leper and lifts him into his saddle. Leper 
asks king to blow his nose for him. King does so and finds a huge 
ruby in his hand. Leper disappears magically. Castigos 7.61-62; cf 
Tubach 3489. 

V41 1.8. Jesus appears to St. Martin when he gives cloak to beggar. Cas- 
tigos 7.62; Tubach 3192. 

*V4 11.10. Saint gave alms to all comers. One day Christ came seeking 
alms. Saint's generosity rewarded. a.b.c. 136. 

*V4 11.11. Angel appears to saint as man who has lost everything in ship- 
wreck; is given alms. Later comes to him as his guardian angel. a.b.c. 
137. 

V412.1. Bread taken by St. Nicholas for purpose of feeding poor is miracu- 
lously restored. Castigos 7.63. 

V412.2. The more bread (flour) monks give to poor, the more God places 
in their bins miraculously, a.b.c. 146, 147; Especulo 169.1 14; Tubach 
766. 

*V412.3. Charitable woman's bread dough magically replenished because 
prayed to Virgin Mary. Cantigas 258. 

*V412.4. Muslim converted to Christianity when he hears that charity will 
be returned hundredfold in hereafter. His goods to revert to his chil- 
dren if promise not fulfilled. Grave opened and cadaver held letter 
certifying that he had received his himdredfold reward. a.b.c. 283 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 95 



(not in Paris MS); Tubach 176 a). 
V4 16.1. Steward accused of cheating his master is absolved of guilt. He 

had given the money to the poor, a.b.c. 145; cf. Tubach 4963, 
*V417.1. Young man uses inherited wealth to feed starving populace. Re- 
buked, he replies that he had not put it where it could be stolen or 

destroyed, but rather in a safe place that would benefit kingdom. 

a.b.c. 395; Tubach 4963. 
*V418. Pilgrim carries burden of poor woman who joins party; gives mount 

to poor ailing pilgrim. Falls ill; Santiago defeats devils who try to cap- 
ture his soul. Santiago 16.81-85. 
V420. Reward of the uncharitable. 

*V421.1. Uncharitable rustic denied food to beggar. Coimcil of demons in 

possession of his soul and of his food. Especulo 86.57-58. 
*V423. Bears and wolves miraculously appear to devour sheep of cruel and 

unjust monks who have sent away charitable shepherd, a.b.c. 143; 

Tubach 4088, 519 (see Tubach p. 417 for 4088). 
*V424. Usurer leaves wealth to friends and family. Leaves nothing for his 

soul. Acknowledges the omission to priest, and then dies. Especulo 

659.462-63; cf. Tubach 5050. 
*V425. Alms given with harsh words shame recipient. Monk told to give 

charity cheerfully. Especulo 395.291-92; Tubach 168. 
V433. Charity of saints. 

*V433.1. Learning that an impoverished man was planning to live off the 

illicit earnings of his daughters, St. Nicholas tossed a golden apple 

through the man's window so that his daughters could marry. Casti- 

gos 7.62-63. 
V440. Other religious virtues. 

V44 1 . Forgiveness. Holy man forgives slayer of brother when asked in 

the name of the Holy Cross, a.b.c. 94; Tubach 3438. 
*V441,2. Pope convinces father of slain son to forgive killer. Says he had 

seen father in devil's power. Will not be free until he can pardon 

killer. Especulo 506.398. 
*V441.3. Killer of father of knight asks for forgiveness on Good Friday. It 

is granted. Especulo 507.398-99. 

V450-V499. RELIGIOUS ORDERS 

*V452. Woman who had been betrothed and wed fled to convent. Granted 
permission to take habit because she had left her earthly spouse. 
a.b.c. 291. 
V460. Clerical virtues and vices. 
V461. Clerical virtues. 

*V461.0.1. Bishop takes captive's place. a.b.c. 61; Tubach 4484. 
V46 1.1. Obedient and industrious nun (thought to be mad by other nuns) 

is the worthiest in the convent, a.b.c. 406; Tubach 3504. 
V461.6. Monk lives where people speak ill of him to avoid danger of flat- 
tery, a.b.c. 49. 
*V46 1.6.1. Abbot behaves improperly to avoid worldly praise. Deceit for 

196 MOTIF INDEX OF 



good ends. a.b.c. 5; Tubach 13. 

V461.7. Clerical virtue of absolute faith. Man captxired by robbers is so 
confident that God will protect him that he is saved, a.b.c. 288; 
Tubach 1961. 

V461.8. Poverty a saintly virtue. Monk's sin not removed until he gives 
up his "siete libras de moneda." a.b.c. 203; Tubach 4009. 

*V461 .9. Saint neglects just once to give alms. Vows to never neglect duty 
again, a.b.c. 134. 

*V461.10. Harmonious living. Two elders try to create discord but can- 
not. a.b.c. 249. 

*V461.1 1. Old monk knows value of keeping one's own counsel and not 
talking senselessly. a.b.c. 335. 

*V461.12. Preacher, distracted by thoughts of ass tied up outside of church, 
gives it away so that he can pray. a.b.c. 327; Tubach 381. 

*V461.13. Novice told that a monk's life is like an ass's constant work. 
a.b.c. 31 A. 
V462. Asceticism. 

V462. 1 . Ascetic flees man who wants to speak to him. Silence is to be 
maintained. a.b.c. 387; Tubach 4372. 

V462.1.1. Hermit laughs with joy because he is alone; all sadness comes 
firom human contact, a.b.c. 403; cf. Tubach 2869. 

*V4 62. 1.1.1. Monk counseled to stay in cell where he will learn all good 
things. a.b.c. 176; cf. Tubach 3327. 

*V462.1.1.2. Aged monk advised not to go to city for medical help be- 
cause of danger of fornication. Goes and fathers a child. Returns to 
monastery to tell his brethren to avoid occasion of sin. Returns to 
cell. a.b.c. 176; Tubach 3323. 

*V462.2.4. Saintly ascetic flees house of rich man who has never suffered 
deprivation. Earth opens up and swallows rich man's house and 
family, a.b.c. 287; Tubach 3938. 

*V462.2.5. Monk gives up worldly comforts in monastery by example of 
peripatetic ascetic monk, a.b.c. 258. 

V462. 12. Monk prefers to live with temptation since he considers it streng- 
thening to have it ever present to test him. a.b.c. 410; Tubach 4736. 
V465. Clerical vices. 

V465. 1.1.1. Hermit gets drunk, rapes woman, kills her, is captured, and 
executed. LBA cc. 530-41; cf. Tubach 2569. 

*V465.1.1.5. Fire pours from throat of dead priest v/ho seduced the young 
woman he had baptized, a.b.c. 404; Tubach 2037. 

*V465.1.1.6. Monk (distracted by thoughts of fornication) neglects duty to 
pray, a.b.c. 326; Tubach 3906. 

V465.1.2. Nun tempted into sinning with man. Go-between tells her God 
cannot see what happens in the dark, a.b.c. 108; Tubach 1436. 

V469. Conformity to divine will. Hermit told that water for garden gran- 
ted by God; inappropriate seeds do not grow. a.b.c. 104; Tubach 
5233. 

V469. 1 . Cleric rejoices in the fiery torments of the sinner who had converted 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 97 



a Christian to Islam and of the convert. Jesus rebukes him, a.b.c. 

110; Tubach 3881. 
V470. Clerical vows. 
V475. Renunciation of clerical vows. 

*V475.6. Christian deacon renounces vows and is killed by Arian king who 

reproaches him for disloyalty, a.b.c. 169. 
*V476. Pope put incense in receptacle for non-Christian idol. Repented, but 

later martyred, body left without burial, a.b.c. 193; Tubach 3851. 
*VA11. Two hermits leave desert and take wives. Return and are given 

penance of a year on bread and water, a.b.c. 356; Tubach 3336. 
*WA11. 1 . Monk leaves monastery because devil is there. Goes to city and 

sees more devils. Returns to monastery. a.b.c. 412; Tubach 3329. 
*V478. Canon previously pledged to Virgin Mary marries because of im- 

portimities of family. Leaves his bride on wedding night to continue 

to serve Virgin. Milagros 15; San Alejo p. 70; cf. Tubach 5148. 

V500-V599. RELIGIOUS MOTIFS: 2VUSCELLANEOUS 

V510. Religious visions. 

*V510.3. Virgin Mary grants vision to devoted woman. After nine days 

of prayer, she is rewarded and is carried off to heaven. Cantigas 262; 

Tubach 5123. 
*V510.4. Virgin Mary and chorus of angels appear to pilgrim. Dies and 

goes straight to heaven. Cantigas 288. 
*V510.5. San Fernando appears in dream vision. Says that ring placed on 

finger of his statue be placed on finger of statue of the Virgin Mary. 

Cantigas 292; cf. Tubach 4103. 
*V510.6. Virgin Mary appears in dream three times. Member of religious 

order must give king the seal of his order. Cantigas 299. 
*V510.7. Virgin Mary appears in dream to doubting monk. Sees a soul 

being carried to heaven. Cantigas 365; cf. Tubach 4235. 
*V510.8. Virgin Mary appears in dream to sacristan. He must seek out 

holy man and permit him to enter the church. San Alejo p. 73. 
*V510.9. Angel appears to hero to predict fiiture trivmiphs. CMC w. 

405-9. 
*V510.10. Saint appears to aging hero. He will defeat enemy after his 

death. PCG 2.952.633-34. 
V511. Visions of the other world. 

V5 11.1. Vision of heaven, locus amoenus, golden chairs, glorious people; 

resplendent city peopled by saints. Barlaam pp. 275-76. 
*V5 11.1.3. Canon hears magical bird song. Experiences joys of paradise. 

Especulo 292.202; Tubach 3378. 
*V51 1.1.4. Hermit's soul will leave body accompanied by David and heav- 
enly musicians, a.b.c. 293. 
*V5 11.1.5. In vision nun sees remarkable temple with glorious people. 

Queen of heaven gives her a candle. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 4.95 

(ADMYTE 13^^-14r); cf. Tubach 847. 



198 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*V51 1.2. Dying man's soul seen in hell by diabolically possessed woman 

capable of prophecy. He is there because his piety was insincere. 

Lucanor Ex. 40. 
*V5 11.2.1. Monk, near death, rescued from eternal hellfire by angel. Soul 

returns. a.b.c. 200, 
*V5 11.2.1.1. Monk travels to hell to see those in torment. Sees a monk 

whose sin was daily drvmkenness. Especulo 196.137. 
*V5 11.2.1.2. Blacksmith in monastery neglects his religious duties. Sees 

place in hell reserved for him. Especulo 230.153-54 
*V5 11.2.2.1. Man sees torments of hell, sees many acquaintances. Voice 

tells him to repent. Especulo 332.23. 
V5 11.2.3. Woman sees vision of mother suffering in hell for past sins. 

Chooses the good life of her father who is in heaven as model. a.b.c. 

426; Tubach 1450. 
*V2 11.2.3.1. Priest's soul seen in hell's torment. Especulo 109.72. 
*V51 1.2.4. Vision of Nero in hell bidding a band of lawyers to join him 

in bathing in hell's fire, a.b.c. 12; Especulo 88.61. 
*V5 11.2.6. Nun condemned to eternal damnation, returns to tell sisters 

that there is no respite in hell, a.b.c. 73; Tubach 1188 a) 4. 
*V51 1.2.6.1. Devil punishes young woman who loves to dance. Returns to 

tell of hell's torments; she must dance there forever. Especulo 134.92; 

Tubach 1415. 
*V5 11.2.7. Man returns from torments of hell determined to do good 

works. Reproached because he bathed naked in icy waters, retorted: 

"Leave off, for I have seen worse." a.b.c. 201. 
*V51 1.2.8. Virgin Mary shows torments of hell to sinners in dream visions. 

Cantigas 58, 85. 
*V51 1.2.9. Angels take dying saint to heaven, but voice says he first must 

see vileness of devils so that he can confess even small sins he may 

have forgotten. Especulo 191.131. 
V515. Allegorical visions. 

V515.4. Constantine sees vision of cross in sky after baptism. PCG 

1. 31 6. IS3-86; Abreviada 1.339; Glosa 1.1.13.66-67; Castigos MS A 

BN 6559 (ADMYTE 34r); Tubach 1218. 



W. TRAITS OF CHARACTER 



W0-W99. FAVORABLE TRAITS OF CHARACTER 

WIO. Kindness. 
Wll. Generosity. 

Wl 1.2.1. Emperor thinks day is wasted when he has not given any gifts. 
a.b.c. 364; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 42.166.97 (ADMYTE 55^;); 
Glosa 1.2.18.161; Tubach 1459. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 1 99 



*W 11.2.3. King gives ragged beggar his own clothes , and carries him to 

shelter on his horse. Castigos 7.61-62. 
*W1 1.2.4. King gives major portion of income to poor. God increases his 

wealth as reward. Castigos 14.120. 
*W 11.2.5. Holy man shares bread with all who come to beg. Supply mir- 
aculously replenished. a.b.c. 146, 147; Tubach 766, 2566. 
*W1 1.3.1. Steward steals from master to give to poor where it will be safe. 

a.b.c. 145; Tubach 3363. 
*W1 1.3.2. Prince gives inheritance to poor where it will be safe. a. b. c. 395; 

Tubach 4963. 
*W1 1.17. Christian kind to Jew who steals his mule, a.b.c. 202; Tubach 

2796. 
*W11.18. Elderly friar sees another friar stealing from his cell. Decides to 

work harder to replace stolen possessions because the other friar 

must need what he stole. Especulo 346.245. 
*W1 1.19. Monastery's shepherd feeds poor. Monks sent him away to keep 

food for selves. a.b.c. 143. 
*W1 1.20. Learning that an impoverished man was planning to live off the 

illicit earnings of his daughters^ St. Nicholas tossed a golden apple 

through the man's window so that his daughters could marry. Casti- 
gos 7.62-63. 
W12. Hospitality. 

*W12.3. Saint gives food and water to all who come to his home. Christ 

comes disguised as pauper, receives hospitality, and rewards saint. 

a.b.c. 136; cf Tubach 987. 
*W12.3. 1 . Saint gives money and his family silver to shipwrecked traveler 

who reveals that he is an angel. Rewards saint. a.b.c. 137. 
W16. Self-sacrifice: bishop exchanges places with captive so that captive can 

return to his mother, a.b.c. 61; Tubach 4484. 
W19. Kindness: miscellaneous. 

*W19.1. Kind birds shelter aged parents with wings, a.b.c. 15; Tubach 

642. 
*W19.2. Poor man saves his bees by giving all he owns for their cure from 

poisoning, a.b.c. 15; Tubach 551. 
W20. Other favorable traits. 

W26.1. Man passes test of patience, endures insults at gates of city. a.b.c. 

214; Tubach 3622. 
*W26.2. Philosopher endures loss of possessions without anger, a.b.c. 220. 
*W26.3. Monk leaves monastery to avoid occasions of anger. Frustrated 

filling a jug of water, experiences anger. Retiuns to monastery, a. b. c. 

221, 344; Tubach 252. 
*W26.4. Holy man accepts destruction of crops, his only sustenance, saying 

that evildoer suffers more than he. a.b.c. 343. 
*W26.5. Alexander suffers criticism of dissolute ways patiendy. a.b.c. 345; 

Gbsa 1.2.14.132-33; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 

94vy, Tubach 107. 
*W26.5.1. Alexander frees enemy knight who had bravely tried to kill 

200 MOTIF INDEX OF 



him. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 96vy, Glosa 
1.2.14.135; Tubach 114. 

*W26.6. King suffers insults patiently, and asserts superiority to ambassa- 
dor who has insulted him. a.b.c. 345. 

*W26.7. Julius Caesar permits insults about baldness. a.b.c. 346; Castigos 
MS A BNM 6559 31.147. 

*W26.7.1. Caesar permits man to call him tyrant. a.b.c. 346; Glosa 
1.2.14.133; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 94?;); 
Tubach 5011. 

*W26.7.2. Scipio answers critic patiently. Bom to be emperor, not war- 
rior. a.b.c. 346; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 
96r). 

*W26.7.3. Vespasian acknowledges faults patiently. a.b.c. 346; Castigos IAS 
A BNM 6559 31.147 (ADMYTE 95z;). 

*W26.7.4. King called dwarf by enemies, pleased that his own people do 
not malign him. Glosa 1.2.14.135; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 
(ADMYTE 96v). 

W26.7.5. King refuses lavish gifts from vassals. Rich vassals serve him 
best. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 23.140 (ADMYTE 82i^83r). 

*W26.8. Humble nun endures insults of her sisters without complaint. She 
is honored by saint who comes to convent. a.b.c. 406; Tubach 3504. 

*W26.9. Cato's teeth knocked out. Says he is better off without them. 
Glosa 1.2.14.134; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 31.148 (ADMYTE 
96r). 
W27. Gratitude. 

W27.1. Man weeps with gratitude to God that he does not resemble a 
toad, a.b.c. 184. 

*W27.2. Mistreated animal spares those who rescued him. Jackal who es- 
caped from pit attacks only its tormentors. Esopete p. 76. 

*W27.3. Caesar grateful for services of old legionary and lends him legal 
assistance, a.b.c. 319; Glosa 1.2.15.141-42. 
W31. Obedience. 

*W3 1.1. Obedience valued more than abstinence in monks. Value tested on 
trip. Obedient monk crosses stream and is spared by crocodiles. Ab- 
stinent monk thinks he has resuscitated a dead man; abbot tells him 
it was obedient one's prayers. Especulo 413.312-13. 

*W31.2. Obedience valued over gratitude, charity, asceticism. In divine 
judgement, obedient ones are adorned with gold. Especulo 414.313. 
W32. Bravery. 

W32. 1 . King Richard leads army to victory by leaping his horse overboard 
to attack enemy (Muslims) on land. His religious devotion in form of 
brave acts is equal to that of cloistered clerics. Lucanor Ex. 3. 
W34. Loyalty. 

*W34.5. Courtier refuses physician's proposal to poison king. Brings traitor 
to ruler, a.b.c. 315; Tubach 3761. 
W35. Justice. 

*W35.3. Empress offers judge great honors in exchange for false judgement. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 201 



He replies: "I do not want honors at the price of the truth." Especulo 

396.292. 
*W35.4. Cardinal returns bishop's gift of palfrey given for services at 

court. Says: "Now I am redeeming my liberty." Especulo 397.292. 
*W35.5. A thief and good man quarrel. Quarrel settled by saint. When 

thief is judged guilty of crime, good man pleads for clemency for 

him. Especulo 100.67, 
W46. Compassion. 

*W46.1. Compassion. Conqueror cries at suffering of conquered. Weeps 

upon seeing enemy's severed head. a.b.c. 66; Glosa 1.2.15.143; 

Castigos MS A BNM 6559 12.115 (ADMYTE 47r). 
*W46.1.1. Compassion. Conqueror cries at sight of defeated city. a.b.c. 

66; Glosa 1.2.15.143; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 12.115 (ADMYTE 

47r). 
*W46.1.2. Compassion. Conqueror does not permit defeated enemy to 

kneel before him. Glosa 1.2.15.144; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 

12.115 (ADMYTE 47r). 
*W46.1.3. Compassion. Conqueror restores crown of conquered enemy. 

Glosa 1.2.15.143; Castigos MS A BNM 6559 (ADMYTE 47r). 
*W46.2. Compassion. Prince forgives man who spat in his face. a.b.c. 67. 
*W46.2.1. Compassion. Emperor forgives traitors, invoking his divine 

right to rule, a.b.c. 68. 
*W46.3. Compassion. Emperor forgives relative who plotted against him. 

a.b.c. 68. 
*W46.4. Compassion. Emperor revokes all death sentences. Wild beasts 

kill people; he does not. a.b.c. 397. 
*W46.5. Ailing emperor told to bathe in pool of infants' blood takes pity on 

mothers and refuses. God rewards him with cvire. Abreviada 1.342; 

PCG 316.183-86. 

W100-W199. UNFAVORABLE TRAITS OF CHARACTER 

WHO. Unfavorable traits: personal. 
Will. Laziness. 

Wl 1 1 . 1 . Contest in laziness. Woman to marry lazier of two suitors. Each 

cites instances of his laziness. LBA cc. 459-67; cf Tubach 2896, 

3005. 
Will. 1.3. Man will not move in bed when water drips in eyes (ear). 

LBA cc. 465; Esopete pp. 94-96. 
*W1 11.1.3.1. Man too lazy to eat when table is full of food even after 

fasting for fifteen days. Esopete pp. 94-96. 
*W1 11.1.4. Man so lazy he will not wipe his running nose. This causes 

him to lose prospective bride. LBA cc. 463. 
*W1 11.1.5. Man floating in river too lazy to drink to slake thirst. His voice 

is damaged. LBA cc. 461; Esopete pp. 94-96. 
*W1 11.1.7. Man climbing a ladder is too lazy to lift foot. Falls and is 

lamed. LBA cc. 460. 



202 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*W1 11,1.8. Man is so lazy that water that drips in his ear has caused his 

brains to leak out. Esopete pp. 94-96. 
W111.2. The lazy servant. 

Wl 11.2.0.1. Lazy slave gets others to perfonn his duties. Esopete p. 5. 
Wl 11.2.2. Servant to close door at night. Leaves it open so that he will 

not have to open it next morning. a.b.c. 195; Tubach 4288. 
Wl 11.2.3. Lazy servant. "If it is day, give me food; if it is night let me 

sleep." The master has told servant it is day and time to go to work. 

a.b.c. 195; cf. Tubach 4288. 
Wl 1 1.2.4. Lazy servant calls dog in and feels paws to see if it is raining. 

a.b.c. 195; Tubach 4288. 
Wl 1 1.2.5. iMzy servant, asked if candles (torches) in house are lit, feels 

cat to see if she is warm, a.b.c. 195; cf. Tubach 4288. 
*W111.6. Lazy animals. Lazy trout does not escape fisherman as had 

his two companions. Calila p. 149; Exemplario 18r. 
W121. Cowardice. 

W121.2.1. Ass and other animals attack dying lion. Hvmiiliated lion, un- 
able to attack them, tears out his own heart. LBA cc. 31 1-16; Esopete 

pp. 37-38; Tubach 3065. 
W121.2.3. Crow sits on sheep's back. Afi-aid to sit on dog's. Esopete p. 79. 
Wl 21 .5. Spider kills fly easily but retreats to web when wasp approaches. 

Gatos 52. 
*W121.9. Cowardly courtiers hide when lion escapes from cage. Cid returns 

it to cage easily. Abreviada 3.131; CMC w. 2286-2301. 
W125. Gluttony. 

*W1 25.5.1. Gluttonous wife roasts chicken. Makes husband give her all 

the good parts. He is left with roasting spit. Furious, he thrusts her 

through with the spit. Especulo 60.42; Tubach 969. 
*W125.6. Saint eats gluttonously to please guests. Repents next day. 

Especulo 298.208. 
W126. Disobedience. 

*W126.2. Pharaoh disobeys God's commandments. He and troops are 

drowned. Castigos MS A BNM 6559 90.226. 
W128. Dissatisfaction. 

W128.4. Peacock dissatisfied with his voice. Wants to sing like nightingale. 

Esopete pp. 75-76; Tubach 3632. 
*W 128.4.1. Ass dissatisfied with hard life and beatings. Even after death, 

skin is beaten as part of drum. Esopete pp. 66-67. 
*W1 28.4.2. Envious ass, dissatisfied with life of hard work, desires easy life 

of pig until he sees him slaughtered for his meat. Gatos 35; Tubach 

3771. 
W 128.5. Monk dissatisfied with what God has granted him is admonished 

to accept God's will. a.b.c. 103; Calila p. 303; Exemplario 11 v. 
*W128.7. Dying man (usurer) reproaches soul for desire to leave him 

despite his great wealth and comfort. Lucanor Ex. 4; Especulo 

568.462. 
W150. Unfavorable traits of character: social. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 203 



W151. Greed. 

*W 15 1.9.1. Greedy wolf overeats and drinks in farmer's larder. Sings and 
is found and killed. Esopete pp. 93-94; Tubach 4092, 5346. 

*W151.11. Greedy horse who overeats dies of bloat. LBA cc. 298-303. 

*W151.12. After solemn funeral mass for wolf, lion serves a feast to the 
animal mourners. They hope for another such occasion for a feast. 
Gatos 46. 
W152. Stinginess. 

*W 152.6.1. Stingy prince deposed. Never invited guests. Glosa 
1.2.20.172. 

W152.ll. Stingy man takes off shoes to walk on thorns to save shoes. 
a.b.c. 37; Tubach 4351. 
W153. IVIiserliness. 

W153.1. Dead moneylender's heart found in strong-box. Saint tells moiu:- 
ners at funeral of moneylender. Lucanor Ex. 14; Tubach 2499. 
W154. Ingratitude. 

W154.2. Snake ungrateful. Bites man who saves it. Disciplina 5; a.b.c. 
312. 

Wl 54.2.1. Serpent ungrateful to shepherd who had carried him to safety. 
Intends to eat man. Judgement: return to previous hazardous place. 
Esopete pp. 86-87; cf. Tubach 4262. 

*W 15 4. 2. 1.1. Snake, rescued from winter's cold, kills rescuer when warm 
weather arrives. LBA cc. 1348-54; Esopete p. 36; Tubach 4256. 

W154.3. Crane pulls bone from wolf's throat: wolf refuses promised payment. 
"That you were allowed to take your beak from my throat is pay- 
ment enough." LBA cc. 252-56; Gatos 2; Esopete p. 35; Tubach 
5332. 

W154.4. Hunter beats dog that has grown old in his service. LBA cc. 1357- 
66; Esopete p. 51; Tubach 1701. 

Wl 54.5.1. Fox promises to pay boatman for passage. Payment is a slap in 
face with wet tail. Gatos 49; Tubach 2020. 

W154.8. Grateful animab, ungrateful man. Traveler saves monkey, bad- 
ger, snake, and man (goldsmith) from a pit. Monkey gives him fruit; 
badger leads him into city to place where he finds jewels. In royal 
palace, goldsmith accuses traveler of killing king's daughter and of 
stealing jewels. Serpent saves traveler; bites king's son, and shows 
traveler the remedy for the venom. Calila p. 318-22; a.b.c. 207; 
Exemplario 81z>-83r; Tubach 256. 

W154.19. Ungrateful Jew steals horse of Christian who has lent it to him. 
a.b.c. 202; Tubach 2796. 

Wl 54.20. Messenger brings gifts-one good, one better, two much bener. 
Recipient abuses bearer of king's gifts. Spits in face, throws him into 
mud, and beats him. a.b.c. 206; Tubach 2280. 

Wl 54.28. Magician makes pupil think he has become pope. Pupil ungrate- 
ful. Does not reward magician who returns pupil to previous status. 
Lucanor Ex. 1 1; Tubach 3137. 

*W1 54.29. Man laments his ingratitude to God for having created him in 

204 MOTIF INDEX OF 



his own image instead of a toad's. a.b.c. 184. 
W155. Hardness of heart. 

W156. The dog in the manger. Has no use for manger but refuses to give 

it up to oxen. Esopete p. 93; Tubach 660. 
*W156.1. Fox prefers to bear weight of tail rather than share part of it 

with ape. Esopete p. 66; Tubach 297. 
*W156.2. Bitch about to give birth pleads with other to let her use her 

bed. Later will not give it up. Esopete pp. 35-36; Tubach 660. 
W158. Inhospitality. 

*W158.1. Fox serves meal to stork in flat dish. Stork responds with meal 

served in tall narrow vessel. Esopete p. 52; Tubach 2170. 
W159. Arrogance. 

*W159.1. Two lepers to cleanse each other's lesions for cure. First one 

cured, then refuses to wash the second. Especulo 537.432. 
*W159.2. Saint scrutinizes God's judgements. Wants to know why some 

die young; others live long; some are rich; others are poor. God tells 

him to cease. Especulo 538.432-33. 
*W1 59.3. Scholar told attempts to understand nature of Trinity are presump- 
tuous by child who appears to be engaged in fruitless, impossible task 

of filling a hole with all the water of a river. Especulo 539.433-34; 

a.b.c. 413. 
*W 159.4. Dead monk, tortured and ugly, appears to friend to warn him 

that pride in disputation and scholarship will be punished. Especulo 

540.434. 
W167. Stubbornness. 

W167.2. Stubbornness causes loss of chance to go on pilgrimage. Husband 

and wife quarrel over whether a bird is thrush or throstle. Infuriated 

husband breaks wife's leg (donkey's leg). They must return to pray 

for her welfare. Talavera 2.7.179; cf Tubach 5284, 5285. 
*W 167.3. Stubbornness causes wife's drowning. Husband and wife quarrel 

over whether he is holding a knife or a pair of scissors. Infuriated 

husband kicks her into river. She disappears with current, insisting 

that they are scissors. Talavera 2.7.178; cf Tubach 5284, 5285. 
\V171. Two-facedness. 

W171.1. Man winks at both buyer and seller. He tries to appear friendly 

to both. Esopete p. 75. 
*W 17 1.1.1. Bat, because of ambiguous physical traits, tries to join forces 

with beasts and with birds. Fails. Esopete p. 62; Tubach 501. 
*W171.2. Shepherd betrays wolf to himter with wink. Esopete p. 75. 
W185. Violence of temper. 

W185.4. Monk loses temper at pitcher and breaks it. a.b.c. 221; Tubach 

252. 
W 185.5. Violence of judge's temper leads him to condemn man to death 

unjustly. a.b.c. 222. 
W185.6. Insult worse than wound. The lion to the man: "The woimd has 

healed, but the pain of harsh words still remains." Castigos 26.141. 
W189. Mischievousness. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 205 



*W189.1. Novice given to antic behavior fears reproach. Prays to Virgin 
Mary that pranks be forgotten if she repents. Cantigas 303. 
W196. Lack of patience. 

*W196.1. Impatience controlled by patience. Youth counseled to control 
anger at brother's impatience. Especulo 97.66. 



X. HUMOR 



X0-X99. HUMOR OF DISC02V1FITURE 

*X22. Man whose liver has been temporarily removed hears passerby ask 
surgeon to give him the liver to feed his cat. Lucanor Ex. 8. 

*X35. Son lies to mother, inventing wild tales about secret senate debate: 
men to have two wives; women to have two husbands. She divulges 
secret to others, and they confront senate. Woman made to look 
foolish. a.b.c. 394; Tubach 5269. 

*X36. Husband tells wife a secret. He has given birth to a crow. She is 
unable to keep secret. Is made ridiculous. Glosa 2.1.24.119-20. 
X52. Ridiculous nakedness or exposure. 

X52. Woman in procession, devils ride on the train of her skirt, a.b.c. 407; 
Tubach 1660. 

X52.1. Woman in a grand procession exposed to ridicule when her wig is 
snatched off by a monkey. a.b.c. 334; Tubach 2400. 
X54. Humor of self- deprecation. 

*X54.1. Madman in bath throws pails of hot water at other bathers. 
Proprietor does same to him. Madman warns other bathers: "Be- 
ware. There is another madman in this bathhouse." Lucanor Ex. 43. 

*X70. Humor of incongruity. Woman's timidity inconsistent with her wil- 
lingness to commit heinous acts. Proverb: "Sister dear, you are frigh- 
tened by sound of gurgling water but not by sound of the rending of 
a corpse's neck bones." Lucanor Ex. 47. 

X200-X599. HUMOR OF SOCIAL CLASSES 
X300-X499. Humor dealing with professions. 
X310. Jokes on lawyers. 

X315. Dying lawyer says: "I appeal." Asks for defense. Dies without 

confession and goes to hell. Especulo 21.15; Tubach 2991. 
*X315.2. Dying lawyer offers self to God. God says he must be judged. 

Refuses to be judged by his equals and so dies without communion 

and confession. Especulo 19.14. 
X316. Lawyers in hell. Nero has reserved place in hell for lawyers. a.b.c. 

\2; Especulo 88.61. 
*X318.1. Man's lawyer is bribed to lose a lawsuit. Appears in court saying 

he has "esquinan?a" (quinsy) and cannot speak. His client says he 



206 MOTIF INDEX OF 



does not have "esquinanga" but rather "argengia" (money disease). 
a.b.c. 309. 

*X319.2. Widow gives lawyer a cart as fee. Adversary gives him ox to pxill 
it. She loses and says: "The cart does not go well." He replies that 
it needs an ox to pull it. Especulo 23.16. 
X370. Jokes on scholars. 

*X37 1.1. Impoverished scholar gives beggar grammar lesson instead of 
alms. a.b.c. 131. 
X372. Jokes on doctors. 

*X372.6. Doctor prescribes same remedy for a sore eye that he had used to 
cure his own sore foot. Patient blinded. a.b.c. 283; Tubach 3530. 
X410. Jokes on clerics. 

*X434.3. Gullible priest believes tricksters who tell him that deer (bought 
for sacrifice) is dog. Calila p. 236; Exemplario 55r, Esopete pp. 167- 
68. 
X457. Jokes on monks. 

*X457.2. Abbot advises monk to listen to prisoners. They ask the right 
questions: "Where is the judge, and when will he come?" a.b.c. 70; 
cf Tubach 2867. 

*X457.3. Abbot sends monk for manure. He rettims because a honess 
lived where the manure was. Told to rope her, and bring her here. 
Credulous monk tries, and she resists tmtil he tells her that abbot 
had sent him. Abbot says: "Just as you are witless, you have captured 
a witless beast." a.b.c. 317; Tubach 3075. 

*X457.4, Inexperienced young monk (never having seen a woman) is told 
that women are goats. Obsessed by woman he had seen through win- 
dow, is unable to eat (meat) because he felt so sorry for the poor 
goat. a.b.c. 300. 
X50O-X599. Humor concerning other social classes. 
X500. Humor concerning royalty. 

*X501. Philosopher spits in king's beard. It is only place in excessively ele- 
gant palace that is suitable. a.b.c. 188; Tubach 525. 

*X502. The emperor's new clothes. Tricksters pretend to make clothes for 
the emperor. Cloth is visible only to those of legitimate birth. None 
at court are willing to admit they cannot see it. Finally a slave who 
has nothing to lose tells emperor he is naked. Lucanor Ex. 32; cf Tu- 
bach 3577. 
X520. Jokes concerning prostitutes. 

*X521. Only prostitutes can carry the corpse of a prostitute. Especulo 
11 1.72-73; Tubach 1265. 

*X522. Prostitute shamed by offer of sexual intercourse in public place. Saint 
offers to have sex with her before a crowd. She refuses; then how 
much more shame should she have before God? Especulo 350.250. 

*X523. Queen, vain about her virtue, declares she would never surrender 
her body to a lover for wealth. Challenged with increasingly large re- 
wards, is at last tempted. Is in effect potential prostitute. Talavera 
2.1.146-47. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 207 



X590. Jokes on masters and servants. 

X591. Clever servant asked how much he could eat. Asks if questioner 
means his food or the food of another. If another, he would eat as 
much as possible. a.b.c. 195. 

X592. Employer says she has eyes in buttocks to supervise clever slave's 
actions. He uncovers them while she sleeps. Esopete p. 16. 

X700-X799. HUMOR CONCERNING SEX 
X710. Jokes on husbands. 

*X7 11.1. Hie cut-off nose. Carpenter's wife has another woman, a bar- 
ber's wife, take her place while she goes to her lover. Husband 
speaks to her, gets no answer, and cuts off her nose. In the morning, 
wife returns and still has nose. Husband made to believe it was re- 
stored miraculously. Calilapp. 139-41. 

*X711.2. Husband hides under wife's bed. She spends night with lover 
and tells lover how much she loves husband. In morning, gullible 
husband commiserates with her over her sleepless night and urges 
her to stay in bed. Calila p. 241; Exemplario 57r, Esopete p. 168. 

*X711.3. Woman mixes husked with unhusked barley. Serves it to hus- 
band. Only she knows that dog has urinated on husked grain. Calila 
p. 212 n. 116. 

*X71 1.4. The husband locked out. He had taken excessive precautions to 
assure wife's fidelity. Despite efforts, wife returns home late at night; 
her husband refuses to admit her. She threatens to throw herself in 
the well. Husband leaves house to see if she has drowned. She enters 
the house and bars him from house, a.b.c. 303; Tubach 5246. 

*X711.5. Parrot (magpie) unable to tell husband of wife's infidelity. Wife 
simulates a rainstorm while cage is covered so that parrot gives hus- 
band a false report. Sendebar Day 1, Tale 2; Exemplario 25z>-26z;; 
Tubach 632, 3147. 

*X711.6. Husband paints lamb on wife's stomach to ensvire her chastity 
during his absence. Returns after long absence to find that her lover 
has repainted it; it is now a full-grown ram. LBA cc. 474-87. 

*X711.7. The husband in the chicken house (dovecote). Husband returns 
unexpectedly and surprises his wife with her lover. She makes the 
husband believe he is pursued and hides him in the chicken house. 
Esopete pp. 148-49. 

*X711.8. The husband's (vintner's) good eye treated so that lover can 
leave house unseen. a.b.c. 161; Disciplina 9; Esopete pp. 147-48; Tu- 
bach 1943. 

*X711.9. Lovers as pursuer and fugitive. Wife is visited by two lovers. 
When the husband arrives, one goes out with drawn sword, and the 
other hides in house. She convinces her husband that she has given 
reftige to a ftigitive. Sendebar Day 2, Tale 5; Tubach 4693. 

*X7 11.10. Wife entertains lover during husband's absence. Husband re- 
turns and mother-in-law (guardian) counsels lover to pretend he is 



208 MOTIF INDEX OF 



fugitive from street ruflfians. Disciplina 11; Esopete pp. 145-46; Tu- 
bach 4692. 

*X7 11.11. Wife outwits husband with extended sheet. Lover leaves house 
unseen, a.b.c. 162; Esopete p. 148; Disciplina 10; Tubach 4319. 

*X7 11.12. Husband is made to believe that adulterous wife's pregnancy is 
gift of God. Esopete p. 149; Tubach 971. 

*X7 11.13. The enchanted pear tree. Wife and lover are up in tree. Blind 
husband hears them and prays to Jupiter for restoration of sight. 
Prayer is answered. Wife convinces cuckold that her adultery con- 
vinced Jupiter to grant his wish. Esopete p. 147; Tubach 3265. 

*X712. Greedy husband supplies wife to inexperienced fat prince because he 
believes him to be impotent. When the prince and the woman evi- 
dently enjoy each other, the husband kills himself. Sendebar Day 4, 
Tale 9. 
X740. Jokes on men. 

*X741. Cleric participates passively in sexual acts with widow. Exculpated 
because he did nothing actively. Esopete p. 165. 

*X742. Clever woman tells amorous youth to strip off clothes, then 
shouts for neighbors. Tells him to lie down, puts chunk of bread in 
mouth, douses him with water, and tells neighbors he had choked. 
Proves to him he knows nothing of womanly guile. Sendebar Day 8, 
Tale 18. 

*X742.1. Aristode and Phyllis: philosopher as riding horse for woman. Phi- 
losopher warns against uxoriousness. In revenge, woman tricks phi- 
losopher into letting her ride him on all fours. Husband comes and 
sees. Talavera 1.17. 99-100; Tubach 328. 

*X743. Wife frightened upon hearing thief in house, joins husband in bed 
for protection. Husband grateful to thief. Calila p. 238; Exemplario 
56r. 
X770. Humor of sexual naivete. 

*X771. Naive new bride compares husband's penis with that of an ass 
and finds him wanting. Esopete pp. 165-66. 

*X77 1.1. Sheltered princeling, shown all forms of human and animal life 
for first time, was told that young women are devils who deceive men. 
Asked what he liked best, chose the "devils." Barlaam pp. 261-63. 

*X771.2. Inexperienced young monk (never having seen a woman) is told 
that women are goats. Obsessed by what he had seen through win- 
dow is unable to eat (meat) because he felt so sorry for the poor 
goat. a.b.c. 300. 

*X772. Absurd ignorance of sex. Pious young woman convinced by go- 
between that God does not see what is done at night. Spends night 
with go-between's customer, a.b.c. 108; Tubach 1436. 

*X772. 1 . Foolish young woman sees copulation between youth and ass. Told 
he is giving her sense, asks for same treatment. Esopete p. 25. 

*X772.2. Woman's naivete proves her fidelity. Man is told he has bad 
breath and rebukes wife for not having told him. She thought all men 
had bad breath. a.b.c. 368. 



MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 209 



X800-X899. HUMOR BASED ON DRUNKENNESS 

*X801. Englishman in France in drunken stupor in tavern as if dead. 

Taken to confessor, could only say "cup, cup." Priest, unable to 

understand, left him, and he died. Especub 201.140. 
*X802. Man in drunken stupor in tavern in foreign land as if dead. Taken 

to confessor, cannot speak. A neighbor whispers to him in his 

tongue: "Neighbor, have some wine." He responds: "Let me drink" 

and dies. Especub 202.141; Tubach 1808. 
*X803. Mouse in wine vat. Promises cat anything if he will save him. 

Breaks promise, telling cat, "I was drunk when I promised." Gatos 

56; Tubach 3426. 

X900-X1899. HUMOR OF LIES AND EXAGGERATION 

X904. The teller reduces the size of his lie. 

*X904.2.1. The great fox: as large as a deer. Squire tells master he once 
saw a fox as large as a deer. Master says they will soon be at oracular 
river that drowns liars. As they near river squire weakens his exag- 
geration imtil fox is correct size. Esopete pp. 100-1. 

X905.3. Claim of property based on unusual lie. Goat to be inherited by 
son who can best exaggerate its size. Esopete pp. 94-96. 

*X905.3. 1 . Claim of property based on unusual lie. Mill to be inherited by 
son who tells best lie. Esopete pp. 94-96. 



Z. MISCELLANEOUS GROUP OF MOTIFS 



Z0-Z99. FORMULAS 

Zll. Endless tales. Hundreds of sheep to be carried across stream, one 
at a time, etc. The wording of the tale arranged so as to continue 
indefinitely. Esopete p. 144; Disciplina 12; a.b.c. 156; Tubach 4310. 

*Z19.3. Ages of women. Speaker attributes qualities to each age from 
twenty to eighty. Teodor p. 118. 

*Z19.4. Beauty of women. Speaker calculated eighteen qualities in sets 
of three. Teodor p. 118. 
Z40. Chains with interdependent members. 

Z42. Stronger and strongest. Rat-maiden wants most powerful mate of all. 
Sun covered by clouds; clouds controlled by winds; mountain blocks 
winds; mountain gnawed by rodents, therefore she must marry a rat. 
Calila p. 244; Tubach 3428. 

*Z43.7. Sequential tale. Jar of honey suspended over hermit's head. He 
dreams of selling honey, and through successive transactions becom- 
ing tremendously wealthy. In dream he will pimish disobedient off- 
spring. Raises stick and shatters jug of honey. Calila p. 264; cf. 
Lucanor Ex. 7; Tubach 80. 



210 MOTIF INDEX OF 



*Z43.7.1. Sequential tale. Jar of honey to be sold. Woman on way to 
market to sell honey, dreams of future wealth. Inattentive, lets jar 
drop. Lucanor Ex. 7; cf. Calila p. 264; Tubach 80. 

*Z43.8. Money will go to its destination. Man told that money he fovind 
belongs to another. Hollows out tree trunk; puts money inside and 
throws it into sea. Trunk washes up at door of rightful owner. He 
uses it for firewood; gold begins to melt. His wife finds tree trunk 
and hides it. First man is beggar now and wife bakes bread with 
money inside; gives it to him. He sells bread to fishermen who begin 
to feed it to horses. Wife gives them oats for her bread. Money has 
returned to owner. Especulo 58.41; Tubach 4954. 

*Z43.9. Squire lost knight's money sack. Charcoal burner foimd it. Knight 
cut squire's foot off. Angel explained: Knight lost money because he 
had stolen it; charcoal burner found money that had belonged to his 
father. Squire lost foot for having kicked his mother. Especulo 15.11; 
Tubach 223. 

*Z46.1. Climax of horrors. Clever slave, told not to give master bad 
news, says: pup is dead; (how?) mule fiightened it; (how?) mule fell 
in well and drowned; (why?) master's son fell off roof and frightened 
mule; mother of child died of grief. (Who is guarding house?) No 
one; it burned down when daughter's candle tipped over during vigil 
over mother's cadaver. (How did he escape?) He saw dead daughter 
and fled. a.b.c. 195; Tubach 1705. 

*Z46.2. Climax of horrors. Drop of honey causes chain of events. Hunter 
drops honey in a shop; bee lights on honey; storekeeper's cat kills 
bee; himter's dog kills cat; storekeeper kills dog; hunter kills store- 
keeper; villagers and neighbors of storekeeper kill hunter; villagers 
and neighbors of hunter come, and the two groups kill each other. 
Sendebar Day 3, Tale 7. 
Z49.2. Cumulative pursuit. 

Z49.2.2. Sequential pursuit of abductor. Child carried off by wolf; ape 
steals it; lions threaten; thieves capture it. Pursuer rescues it firom 
thieves. Ultramar II.2.254-57, 370-78. 

Z100-Z199. SYMBOUSM 

*Z 100.01. Symbolic acts. Saint sends pupil imclothed to market. He is 
to bring back meat balanced on his head. Packs of dogs and flocks of 
birds attack him. They are like the devils who attack ascetics who 
withdraw firom world. Especulo 475.376. 

*Z 100.02. Knight's arms represent soul's protection: tunic is fear of God; 
chaplet, understanding; shield, faith; lance, strength; sword, justice; 
legs and feet, humility; hands, chastity. Castigos 1.38. 

*Z105. Symbolic dream. Man in search of eternal happiness rejects: mar- 
riage (marital bed inhabited by dangerous beasts); royal power (royal 
bed inhabited by dangerous beasts); wealth (rich person's bed 
inhabited by dangerous beasts). Chooses a stair that leads to spiritual 
happiness. Gatos 23. 

MEDIEVAL SPANISH FOLK NARRATIVES 2 1 1 



*Z106. Father's dream that sun's rays emanated from pregnant wife's 
womb. Prophecy of future greatness of vmbom child. a.b.c. 180; Tu- 
bach 647. 
ZllO. Personifications. 

Zll 1.3.1. Death allegorically portrayed as an animal made up of several 
different animals. a.h.c. 296 (not in Paris MS); Tubach 5082 b). 

*Z1 1 1 .7. Death personified as human woman or as himian man. Appears 
talking to powerful worldly figures (Dance of death). Talavera 
4.2.271; Danza de la muerte. 

*Z121.2. Truth and Lies personified. Deceptive crop division: above the 
ground, below the ground. Truth takes the roots of joindy owned 
tree, and Lies takes the trunk and branches. Lucanor Ex. 26. 

*Z 12 1.2.1, Truth, Wind, and Water debate. Wind and Water easily 
found; Truth must be guarded and never lost. Once lost, never re- 
gained. Qifarp. 136. 

*Z121.3. Evil and Good personified. Deceptive division of shared wife. 
Evil takes lower half of wife; Good takes upper half. Child begotten 
by lower half not permitted to nurse the top half, which belongs to 
Good. Lucanor Ex. 43; Tubach 1921. 

Z127.1. Sin (Lust) personified as the goddess Venus: as woman because 
inconstant, naked because shameless, swimming in sea because of 
pleasure, conch shell because of songs and revelry, a.b.c. 429. 

Z133.1. Poverty personified as diseased beggar woman. Debates with For- 
tune. Talavera 4.2.276-92; Compendio pp. 251-73; cf Tubach 2154. 

Z134. Fortune and Poverty personified. Fortune a beautiful horsewoman, 
Poverty a wretched beggar. Talavera 276-98; Compendio pp. 251-73; 
cf Tubach 2154. 

Z139.3.1. Wine personified with face of young woman, bare breasts, 
horns on head, riding on serpents (Bacchus), a.b.c. 421. 

*Z 139.9. Philosophy personified gx^es infant hero magical shirt. Alexandre 
cc. 89-103. 
Z150. Other symbols. 

*Z161.1. Basket of sand shows that sins are a burden, a.b.c. 1; Tubach 
4413. 

Z200-Z299. HEROES 

Z216. Supernatural origin of hero: magic (mysterious) conception. Alex- 
andre cc. 19-20, 1063-64. 
Z230. Extraordinary exploits of hero. 

Z231. Boy hero kills count in battle. Captures his sons. Mocedades w. 
320-25. 

Z300-Z399. UNIQUE EXCEPTIONS 
Z310. Unique vulnerability. 

*Z311.5. Witch kUls man by means of poison in his armpits. Talavera 
2.12.198. 



212 



CORRESPONDENCES BETWEEN MOTIF 
NUMBERS AND TUBACH TOPICAL NUMBERS 

Imperfect correspondences where circumstantial details differ are marked 
as cf. 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NUMBER 




A163.2 


3462 


B331.2 


1695 


A511. 1.5.1 


124 


B363.1.1 


3052 


A1018.4 


3462, cf. 124 


B371.1 


3052 


A1021 


3478 


B374.1 


3057 


A1391 


570 


B381 


215, 2771 


A2232.1 


838 


B381.3 


cf. 2714 


A2232.7 


3631 


B391.1.4 


cf. 4251 


A2282.1 


cf. 4686 


B401.2 


2608 


A2311.il 


501 


B411.2 


4596 


A2325.4 


838 


B449.4 


cf. 2711,27 


A2326.3.3.1 


4589 


B449.5 


519 


A2346.3 


547 


B525 


215 


A2441.4.2 


1311 


B535.0.15 


cf. 5350 


A2466.3 


2176 


B535.0.16 


cf. 5350 


A2492.3 


2619 


B552.1 


125 


A2494.12.il 


cf. 3014 


B581.1 


cf. 4251 


A2494.13.14 


1358 


B732 


3583 


A2497.2 


4640 


B773.4 


5344 


A2851 


5093 


B773.5 


642 


B39.2 


cf. 3556 


C12.4.2 


1605 


B123 


4251 


C55.3.1 


2662 


B147.2.2 


1366 


C94.1.1 


1419 


B147.3.1.3 


293 


C94.1.4 


cf. 2240 


B151. 1.1.2.1 


375 


C94.4.1 


1949 


B161 


4251 


CI 14.4 


2734 


B242.1.8 


3554 


C271.1 


3283 


B259.4 


2662 


C610.01 


5277 


B260.1 


5357 


C770.1 


3938 


B261.1 


501 






B263.3 


1358 


D117.1.1 


3428 


B275. 1.3.2 


5330 


D141.1.1 


661 


B301.1.1 


1700 


D161.1 


1884 


B301.8 


3057 


D315.1 


3428 



CONCORDANCE 



213 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NU2VIBER 




D361.2 


1884 


D2011.1 


3378 


D451.10 


5371 


D2021.2 


677, cf. 4906 


D470.2 


2266 


D2086.1 


4697 


D812.8 


cf. 847 


D2136.3.1 


3424 


D906.1 


2370 


D2140.1.1 


cf. 4649 


D906.2 


349, 4773 


D2143.1.3 


3885 


D997.1.2 


cf. 2497, 2498 


D2143.2.1 


2091 


D1031.1.2 


766, 2566 


D2152.1 


3424 


D1053 


1103 


D2156.5 


4279 


D1310.4.4 


2397 


D2161.3.2 


2419 


D1385.19.1 


1118 


D2161.5.2.4.1 


2419 


D1500.1.7.3.5 


1373 


D2161.5.2.4.5 


2419 


D1525 


123 


D2161.5.2.6 


2488 


D1624.2 


1373 


D2163.5.4 


2754 


D1652.1.1 


766 


D2174 


1419 


D1654.9.1 


1265 






D1712.3 


cf. 1785 


E121.4 


971 


D1713.2 


4151 


E121.5 


4082 


D1713.3 


4151, cf. 4279 


E234.0.2 


cf. 3817 


D1713.4 


2239, 4151 


E235.4.3.1 


5031 


D1713.5 


4151 


E235.7 


1498 b) 


D1713.6 


4151 


E243 


2424 


D1713.8 


2091 


E301.3 


4347 


D1766.1.2 


1021, 1022 


E301.7 


1188 a) 1 


D1766.1.3 


3913 


E367.6 


1188 a) 4 


D1766.1.7.1 


3893 


E368 


1103 


D1766.1.8.2 


4148 


E411 


3111 


D1766.1.10 


519 


E41 1.0.2.2 


1188 b) 2 


D1766.1.11 


519 


E41 1.0.2.3 


1924 


D1766.1.12 


cf. 3885 


E411.0.5.1 


1254 


D1766.1.14 


3424 


E41 1.0.6 


1270 


D1766.1.15 


3875 


E41 1.0.9 


1137 


D1766.7.1.2 


4560 


E411.0.9.1 


2037 


D1810.0.3.1 


4259 


E411.4.1 


5031 


D1810.0.3.2 


3805 


E411.12 


1464 e) 


D1812.5.1.4 


1475 a) 3 


E412.1 


1925 


D1816.2.1.1 


4102 


E412.2 


cf. 475 


D1817.0.1.7 


1018 


E412.6 


3660 


D1817.0.2 


697 


E412.7 


cf. 3213 


D1835.7 


4656 


E415 


3667 


D1840.1.2 


4279 


E415.2 


3349 


D1840.1.2.1 


4151 


E415.2.1 


3349 


D1841.1.2 


1110 


E415.2.2 


3349 


D1841.3 


2038 


E415.3.1 


3349 



214 



CONCORDANCE 



MOllF 


TUBACH 


MOllF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NU2VIBER 




E415.4 


cf. 1499 


G303.3.5.4 


1812 


E446.2.1 


2276 


G303.6.1.8 


1660 


E481.1.3 


1450 


G303.9.4.4 


1436 


E481.1.4 


1450 


G303.9.4.11 


210 


E499.5 


2424, 3214 


G303.10.5 


5361 


E631.0.2 


430 


G303.16.1 


5283 


E631.0.2.1 


427 


G303.16.1.1 


3370 


E721.0.1 


818 


G303.16.1.2 


cf. 4948 


E722.3.4 


4551 


G303.16.1.4 


214 


E722.3.5 


4551 


G303.16.2.1.2 


210 


E732.1 


1760, 4551 


G303.16.2.3.6 


1594 


E752.1.1.2 


3566 


G303.16.2.3.7 


3276 


E752.2 


4548 


G303.16.2.3.4 


3503 


E752.2.1 


1050 


G303.16.5.3 


1602 


E754.1.9 


2717,4151 


G303.16.8.3 


3449 


E755.2.1.1 


4553 


G303.16.9 


1508 


E755.2.7.1 


2514 


G303.24. 1.4.1 


1630 


E756.1 


237 


G303.25.3.1 


3329 


E756.4.2 


3572 






E756.4.1 


2239 


H71.10.8 


96 


E765.4.3.2 


1475 b) 1 


H119.3 


3420 






H151.4 


3796 


F565.1 


cf. 92 


H175.6 


2611 


F565. 1.2.1 


cf. 92 


H215 


4697 


F582 


3830 


H221.2 


3109 


F591.1 


4994 


H221.2.3 


59 


F642.4.1 


5391 


H251.3.4 


3352 


FBI 1.2.2.1 


430 


H473.2 


cf 5278 


F912 


1326 


H473.3.1 


cf 5278 


F963.2 


349, 4773 


H479.3 


cf 5194 


F968.1.1 


3046 


H486.2 


1272 


F968.1.2 


680 


H543.1 


214 


F1066.1 


2937 


H604 


4898, 4916 






H605 


275 


G72.2.1 


1851 


H606 


4413 


G303.1.17 


1648 


H607.1 


2275 


G303.3.1.12.2 


214 


H642.2 


214 


G303.3.1.12.3 


1535 


H648.3 


214 


G303.3.1.12.4 


1553 


H659.7.3.1 


954 


G303.3.1.29 


cf. 2461 


H659.27 


3428 


G303.3.2.1 


1536 


H682.1.10 


214 


G303.3.2.2 


19 


H696.1.1 


cf. 4028 


G303.3.2.6 


1529 


Hllll 


4310 


G303.3.3.1.4 


1812 


H1376.2.1 


5082 b) 



CONCORDANCE 



215 



MOTIF 


TUB/ 


LCH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 






NU2V1BER 




H1511.5 


1284, 


2759 


J148 


5383 


H1553.3 


3622 




J152.1 


cf. 1673 


H1553.4 


3619 




J152.10 


2903 


H1553.5 


252 




J152.17 


954 


H1553.7 


3748 




J152.18 


cf. 1444 


H1554.1 


3427 




J153.3 


3885 


H1556.0.4 


4485 




J155.9 


3355, 4969 


H1558.1 


2216, 


2407 


J156.5.1 


3906 


H1558.2 


2208 




J163.4 


cf. 5324 


H1558.2.1 


2215 




J167 


2859, cf. 2855 


H1565.1 


3137 




J181.1 


484 


H1569.4 


cf. 5269 


J211.2 


3281 


H1573.2.2 


5076 




J212.1 


2615 


H1573.2.4 


967 




J215.1 


2087 


H1596.4 


cf. 4873 


J215.4.1 


5386 


H1599.1 


1663 




J215.6 
J217.2 


cf. 508 

cf. 394, 1747 


J15 


4251 




J217.3 


3771 


J15.1.1 


4251 




J221.3 


1498 


J15.1.1 


4251 




J225.0.1 


2558 


J15.1.2 


4251 




J225.0.1.1 


3107 


J21.2.1.1 


3991 




J225.0.4 


2558 


J21.5 


4111 




J234 


2561 


J21.12 


cf. 5324 


J245.2.1 


3843 


J21.32 


3182 




J247.1 


1444 


J21.53 


3323 




J341.1 


297 


J26 


4127 




J342.2 


2917 


J26.1 


2796 




J347.3 


362 


J28 


252 




J347.6 


4963 


J29 


3427 




J357 


381 


J31.3 


2548 




J369.2 


3510 


J51.1 


3069 




J410.0.2 


2216 


J52.2 


123 




J411.1 


3060 


J55.1 


2855, 


2859 


J411.3.1 


3829 


J80.3.2 


4413 




J445.1 


2454 


J80.3.3 


967 




J451.1.1 


5228 


J80.3.4 


275 




J45 1.3.1 


2431 


J80.4 


4994 




J452 


2999 


J80.5 


3829 




J461.1 


570 


J83.2 


148 




J466.2 


2829 


J88.1 


4677 




J482.1 


3180 


J89 


4898, 


4916 


J482.3 


955 


J94.1 


275 




J485 


1816, 2569, 


J121 


2001 






4130 



216 



CONCORDANCE 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2V1BER 




NUMBER 




J514.1 


3608 


J1063.1 


1311 


J571.4.2 


3991 


J1064.2 


4686 


J581.3 


4787 


J1074.1.2 


3748 


J613.1 


4677 


J1074.1.3 


4627 


J621.1 


4686 


J1114.0.1 


4288 


J621.1.2 


444 


J1152. 


cf. 632, 3147 


J624.3 


714 


J1153.1 


4684 


J643.1 


2221, cf. 292 


J1154.1 


cf. 632, 3147 


J643.2.1 


1755, 3554 


J1161.1 


3353 


J644.1 


2169 


fll61.4 


3352 


J651.4 


5022 


[1162.4 


cf. 89 


J657.2 


625, 1832 


[1169.4 


3289 


J671.1 


566 


[1171.1 


4466 


J681.1 


3425 


[1172.1 


874, 4090 


J701.2 


2909 


[1172.3 


4254, 4262 


J702.2 


5383 


[1176.2 


3524 


J711.1.1 


2097 


F1179.5.1 


2081 


J711.3 


2907 


1181.4 


4790 


J711.5 


265 


[1181.5 


1947 


J811.1 


3069 


fll89.4 


1944 


J811.2.1 


2205 J 


1215.2 


5386 


J815.1 


304 


1262.5.2 


176, 4089 


J816.4 


954 


1262.5.3 


176, 4089 


J817.4 


1237 ; 


1262.7.1 


1229 


J869.1 


1773, 3606 : 


[1263.1.7 


3032 


J893.1.2 


1950 


[1263.4.2 


3716 


J912.1 


4355 


[1269.16 


539 


J912.3.1 


5039 


[1281 


5011 


J913.1 


3843 


[1281.4 


2908 


J915 


2906 : 


[1283.1 


cf. 100 


J916 


13 • 


1289.10 


105 


J921 


5016 J 


1289.10.1 


cf. 4183 


J951.1 


386 J 


1289.21 


4181 


J951.2 


1360 J 


1289.22 


113 


J952.6 


1692 J 


1289.24 


4694 


J953.20 


cf. 386 J 


1289.25 


cf. 4911 


J954.1 


3432, cf. 3829 J 


1319.2 


3426 


J955.1 


2219 J 


1341.5 


2753 


J956 


751 J 


1369.6 


2078 


J1025.1 


1315 J 


1421 


3629 


J1032 


4596 J 


1440.1 


390 


J1041.2 


382 J 


1442.1 


1673 


J1061.1 


3635 J 


1442.14 


4339 


J1062.1 


1692 J 


1473.1 


1788 



CONCORDANCE 



217 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2VIBER 




NUMBER 




J1546 


5269 


J2469.6 


1605 


J1565.1 


2170 


J2475 


2421 


J1566.1 


525 






J1577 


cf. 2169 


K171.7 


1921 


J1592 


173 


K191 


5357 


J1607 


cf. 4949 


K192 


2619 


J1608.1 


3432 


K231.3 


cf 4138 


J1623.2 


cf. 59 


K236.5 


3469 


J1647 


4244 


K334.1 


2177 


J1661. 1.2.2 


500 


K344.1.5 


2975 


J1661.1.5 


2611 


K354.2 


112 


J1662 


2180 


K401.2 


2431 b) 


J1733 


3775 


K402.3 


717 


J1745.1.1 


1436 


K427.1 


2608 


J1791.4 


1699 


K44 1.3.1 


cf 2851 


J1849.5 


3075 


K444 


1789 


J1909.1 


cf. 2053 


K445 


cf 3577 


J2071 


5326 


K476.2 


cf. 965 


J2072.5.1 


838 


K477.4 


1358 


J2119.1.2 


3530 


K511.1.1 


131, 3289 


J2131.1.2 


698 


K513 


4229 


J2121.1.4 


1952 


K528.2 


4153 


J2132.5 


3425 


K558 


4790 


J2133.9 


701 


K558.3 


1947 


J2135.1.1 


570 


K561. 1.1.1 


5228 


J2136.5.1 


4782 


K574 


139 


J2159.2 


2135 


K604 


322 


J2301.4 


5361 


K651 


5247 


J2199.4.1 


4351 


K652 


5247 


J2301.4.4 


cf. 1943 


K713.1.2 


3425 


J2301.4.6 


4692 


K721.2 


3629 


J2301.4.7 


5246 


K730.3 


3014 


J2301.4.8 


cf. 1943 


K815.2 


4571 


J2304 


2975 


K815.8 


1755, 3554 


J2312 


cf 3577 


K824.2 


1529 


J2314.1 


2570 


K871.1 


5304 


J2339 


3432 


K943 


2570 


J2357 


1832 


K952.1 


1326 


J2412.1 


3530 


K959.7 


2737 


J2413.1 


372 


K978.1.2 


1453 


J2413.3 


2346 


KlOll 


3530 


J2416.1 


3843 


K1021 


2074 


J2461.1.9 


3075 


Kl 022.1 


4092, 5346 


J2466.1 


4413 


K1054 


4778 



218 



CONCORDANCE 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NUMBER 




K1075.1 


3432 


K2061.1.1 


5357 


K1081 


698 


K2061.6 


4554 


K1085 


5361 


K2094.1 


cf. 1703 


K1121.1 


2605 


K2101.1 


134 


K1121.2 


4554 


K2103 


2419 


K1215 


328 


K2111.5 


2734 


K1265 


2753 


K2111.6 


648 


K1315.1 


4221 


K2111.6.1 


1915, cf. 3380 


K1351 


661 


K21 12.0.2 


4684 


K1353.2 


1081 


K2112.0.3 


4697 


K1397 


3095 


K2112.2 


3020 


K1511 


5246 


K2131.6 


3389 


K1516 


4319 


K2155 


3796 


K1516.1 


cf. 1943 


K2155.1.2 


2431 b) 


K1517.1 


4693 


K2155.1.3 


cf. 2431 b) 


K1517.1.2 


4693 


K2213.1 


5262 


K1518 


3265 


K2217.1 


5020 


K1518.1.1 


cf. 971 


K2242.2 


2799 


K1536 


1803 


K2284.0.2 


519 


K1544.2.1 


4221 


K2292 


134 


K1667 


3355, 4969 


K2294 


3790 


K1681.1 


cf. 3134 


K2365.2 


317 


K1810.2.2 


888 


K2365.3 


112 


K1811.4.3 


19 


K2365.4 


5304 


K1837.7 


1915 


K2369.3.1 


cf. 1082 


K1837.8.2 


4224 


K2369.6 


4109 


K1841.3 


5283 


K2372 


3097 


K1867.1.1 


cf. 2176 






K1955.0.1 


4554 


L10.3 


803 


K1955.0.2 


2605 


L114.1 


3005 


K1955.0.4 


1692 


L143.3 


cf. 551 


K1955.2.2 


1833 


L146.1 


299 


K1961.6 


5338 


L211 


967 


K1961.7 


888 


L213 


3841 


K1962.1 


1762 


L213.3 


1444 


K1966.2 


89 


L302 


4388 


K2010.3 


5357 


L315.3 


2181 


K2031.1 


1703 


L361.1 


3674 


K2031.2 


4251 


L391.1 


812 


K2031.3 


501 


L392 


3428 


K2041.1 


3761 


L414 


4863 


K2042 


1358 


L416.2 


4109 


K2058.3 


1850 


L420.0.2 


2323 


K2061.1 


5343 


L435.1.1 


3389 



CONCORDANCE 



219 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2V1BER 




NUMBER 




L451 


3281 


N275.5.2 


4317 


L451.3 


5337 


N333.1 


2103 


L452.2 


cf. 2615 


N340.2 


1494 


L461 


4589 


N347.1 


2431 


L461.1 


cf. 4589 


N388 


698 






N535.1 


4950 


M2.2 


1494 


N535.2 


2720, 4611 


M13 


1944 


N592 


4175, 4702 


M14 


3101 


N635 


4892 


M101.4 


cf. 4138 






MlOl.4.1 


727 


P11.7 


2907 


M122 


4224 


P12.9 


3971 


M203.1 


2799 


P12.9.1 


1900 


M203.4 


139 


P13.9.1.1 


90 


M203.5 


131,3289 


P14.25 


4994 


M205.0.2 


2020 


P15.1.2 


2910 


M205.0.3 


3426 


P232.4 


1440 c) 


M205.0.4 


4388 


P233.2.2 


4989 


M205.1.3 


1297 


P233.9.1 


362 


M205.5 


cf 4254 


P233.12 


2005 


M205.7 


cf. 4138 


P233.13 


3796 


M205.8 


cf. 4138 


P233.14 


1944 


M211 


3572 


P233.15 


3488 


M211.1 


4540 


P233.16 


684 


M212.2 


cf. 2235 


P233.17 


1272 


M217 


3566 


P233.18 


2001 


M244.3 


322 


P234.3 


3969 


M251.1 


1271 


P236.2 


965 


M302.4.3 


4703 


P315 


2208, 2215 


M312.0.2.1 


293 


P317.1.1 


1401 


M312.0.4 


cf. 647 


P361 


2209 


M312.0.4.1 


3283 


P435.3 


375 


M341.0.5 


1475 b) 


P435.4 


5031 


M341.1 


1267 


P435.5 


cf. 1053 


M411.1.3 


1440 c) 


P435.6 


cf. 5027, 5062 


M423.1 


1440 c) 


P435.ll 


5027 






P435.12 


5050 


Nl.2.1 


2239 


P435.14 


2499 


N.1.2.1.1 


cf. 2239 


P458.1 


444 


N12 


cf. 4354 


P465.1 


cf. 2991 


Nlll 


cf. 2154, 2155, 


P465.4 


2991 




2156 


P482.1.1 


3573 


N211.1 


4102 


P511.2 


1947 


N255.2 


387 


P511.3 


4790 



220 



CONCORDANCE 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NU2V1BER 




P525.4 


2797 


Q244.4 


1081 


P612 


4994 


Q261.3 


cf. 1082 


P691 


3462 


Q261.4 


2419 






Q263.1 


4684 


Q20.5 


2370 


Q263.5 


2534 


Q20.6 


1202 


Q265.3 


2859 


Q21.0.1 


4963 


Q272.4 


2036 


Q21.1 


4089, cf. 176 


Q272.4.1 


5039 


Q39.3 


1424 


Q273.3 


2006 


Q44.2 


cf. 4963 


Q273.4 


cf. 5031 


Q44.5 


4950 


Q281.1 


1442 


Q45.1 


2533, cf. 3653 


Q281.1.2 


975, 1440 c) 


Q51.3 


2714 


Q281.5 


4254 


Q62.1 


5269 


Q292.1.1 


2170 


Q86.1 


265 


Q302.0.1 


cf. 3983 


QUI. 10 


cf. 2720, cf. 


Q312.4 


5233 




4611 


Q331.2.1.5 


1660 


Q121.2 


cf. 1785 


Q331.2.1.6 


2400 


Q141.1 


766 


Q331.2.4 


3829 


Q147.1 


1271 


Q331.3 


3938 


Q172.0.1.3 


3797 


Q386.1 


1429 


Q211.0.5 


5020 


Q393.1 


cf 4706 


Q212.5 


4782 b) 


Q411.17 


2799 


Q212.6 


2636 


Q415.8 


2103 


Q221.3.2 


684 


Q431.3.1 


4994 


Q221.3.3 


681, 2240 


Q436 


3211 


Q221.3.4 


723 


Q451.7.5 


705 


Q221.3.5 


2240 


Q451.7.6 


3983 


Q221.3.6 


681, 2240 


Q469.7 


2534 


Q221.3.6.1 


2240 


Q501.9 


504 


Q221.3.6.2 


5152 


Q501.10 


504 


Q221.3.8 


773 


Q520.5 


3670 


Q223.1.1 


cf 4138 


Q523.7.1 


3690 


Q223.1.2 


cf 4138 


Q552.1.7 


3046 


Q223.1.3 


4138 


Q552.1.7.1 


2734 


Q223.6.1 


cf 4135 


Q552.1.8.2 


680 


Q223.6.1.1 


4135 


Q552.4.1 


4317 


Q223.8 


3684 


Q552.18.4 


519 (see 


Q223.8.1 


3668 




Tubachp. 417) 


Q223.9.1 


1850 


Q559.5.1 


cf. 648, 1915 


Q225 


620 


Q559.il 


2534 


Q225.0.1 


cf. 620 


Q560.2.4 


cf. 1188 a) 4 


Q227.4 


2636 


Q560.4 


3685 


Q227.5 


648 


Q561.3.1 


4216 



CONCORDANCE 



221 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2VIBER 




NUMBER 




Q566.3 


2037 


T231.6 


5262 


Q566.4 


5027 


T251.2 


4354 


Q569.6 


4553 


T251.2.3.2 


4354 


Q570.2 


4362 


T254.1 


cf. 5277 


Q578 


2534 


T254.4 


cf. 5277 


Q581.1.1 


3134 


T254.5 


cf. 5277 


Q586 


3488 


T254.6 


cf. 5277 


Q588.1 


2001 


T255.1 


cf. 5285 






T255.1.1 


cf. 5285 


Rll.2.1.2 


cf. 1643 


T254.5 


5277 


Rll.2.1.3 


1442 


T310.2 


3098 


Rll.2.3 


cf. 2852 


T310.3 


4656 


R8L2 


3969 


T311.0.2 


3176 


Rlll.4.1 


3971, cf. 138 


T31 1.0.3 


5142 


R121.6 


2768 


T311.3.1 


4894 


R121.6.3 


cf. 2768 


T314.1 


3436 


R121.il 


1785 


T317.4 


1992 


R123.1 


926 


T317.6 


3097 


R141.2 


5247, cf. 2175 


T317.10 


2569 


R152.1 


5328 


T317.8 


2419 


R152.1.2 


cf. 3811 


T327.1 


4744 b) 


R153.3.1 


2005 


T331.il 


3418 


R165 


4153 


T332.2 


cf 912 


R165.2 


3796 


T333.2 


4741 


R168.2 


cf. 926 


T333.4 


cf. 3800 


R169.6 


2209 


T333.6 


4840 


R243.2 


4596 


T334.1 


5366 






T336.3 


3419 


S11.8 


2041 


T412.6 


2734 


S11.9 


362 


T412.7 


4224 


S21.7 


2001 


T417.2 


2737 


S73.3 


cf. 705 


T427.1 


2037 


S74 


5020 


T452.3 


661 


SllO.0.1 


1494 


T459 


1436 


Sill. 10 


cf. 5277 


T464 


2598 


Sill. 11 


cf. 5277 


T471.0.5 


cf. 1453 


Sill. 12 


cf. 5277 


T471.0.6 


3095 


S112.8 


3134 


T481.9 


5246 


S113.4 


5277 


T481.12 


cf. 1943 


S163.2 


cf. 4911 


T481.13 


cf. 1943 


S177 


1081 


T481.18 


4692 


S263.2.4 


4476 


T481.20 


4319 






T481.21 


3265 


T221 


775 


T481.25 


4221 



222 



CONCORDANCE 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2V1BER 




NUMBER 




T495.1 


328 


U261.1 


3378 


T495.4 


1081 


U261.2 


4001 


T526 


971 






T548.1 


971 


V20.1 


cf. 2800, 2804 


T574.3 


cf. 648, 1915 


V21.1.1 


cf. 2738 


T681.1 


4873 


V21.2 


273 


T647.2 


cf. 3577 


V21.5 


1161 






V21.6 


1202 a), 4421 


U11.2 


113 


V21.7 


cf. 1062 


U11.3 


223 


V21.8 


cf. 1501 d) 


U15.2 


3701 


V22.1 


1501 c) 


U31 


5334 


V22.2 


4076 


U31.3 


2619 


V22.4 


1188 a) 4 


U31.4 


4388 


V23.3 


2944 c) 1 


U45 


660 


V24.3 


4575 


U72 


3364 


V33.1.1 


2689 


U72.1 


2343, 3366 


V34.5 


2649, cf. 2671 


U72.2 


2139 


V34.6 


1270 


U119.3 


2559 


V34.8 


2689 c) 


U119.4 


5016 


V34.9 


cf. 2654, 2655 


U119.7 


967 


V35.1 


2687 


U121.1 


1311 


V41.1 


3892 


U121.4 


500 


V41.2 


4925 


U121.5.1 


cf. 500 


V4 1.2.1 


cf. 4925 


U121.6.1 


2611 


V41.2.2 


cf. 4925 


U121.6.2 


500 


V41.4 


3893 


U121.7 


3283 


V4 1.4.1 


926 


U122.0.1 


cf. 3645 


V41.5 


4148 


U122.1 


1309 


V42.1 


2717 


U130.2 


3906 


V49.2 


3228 


U130.3.1 


101 


V51.6 


438 


U130.4 


1828 


V52.3 


3875 


U133.2 


3645 


V52.10 


3893 


U135.3 


cf. 3652 


V52.16 


2304 


U144 


3475 


V52.17 


3915 


U147.1 


3774 


V52.18 


3646 


U147.2 


554 


V52.23 


504 


U147.3 


3059 


V57.4 


cf. 3885 


U162 


444 


V57.5 


971 


U182 


4789 


V57.6 


2754 


U230.0.1 


3324, cf. 3336 


V57.7 


3424 


U233 


2559 


V57.8 


2368 


U235 


3102, 4053 


V85.1 


3797 


U236.1 


2933 


V86.1.4 


1347 



CONCORDANCE 



223 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NUMBER 




NUMBER 




V111.2 


4638 


V268.4 


4334 


V123 


2721 


V268.4.3 


4649 


V126.1 


1375 


V268.4.5 


4649 


V128.3 


5152 


V268.8.2 


cf. 1054 


V142 


2029 


V276.1 


3913 


V211.2.1.1 


cf. 985 


V276.2 


5129 


V221.6 


3796 


V278 


1424 


V222.1.5 


2370 


V292.3 


3851 


V222.15 


2266 


V312.3 


2689 


V232.1.3 


1492 


V316.3 


5386 


V232.3.2 


2558 


V329 


2534 


V232.3.3 


223 


V331.1 


1373 


V235.3.1 


19 


V331.1.2 


1218 


V235.3.2 


1468 


V331.1.5 


3352 


V252.6 


5115 


V331.10.1 


1237 


V252.4 


4672 


V345 


1760 


V252.5 


3098 


V348 


2636 


V254.1.1 


2235 


V352 


4560 


V254.1.3 


cf. 2235 


V360.2 


2799 


V254.3.1 


4904 


V360.3 


2796 


V254.7.1 


2482 


V360.4 


cf. 2793 


V254.7.3 


cf. 430 


V363 


2041 


V254.7.5 


438 


V364.1 


1373 


V254.8 


1558 


V364.2 


3471 


V255.1 


2094 


V364.3 


2689 b) 


V255.2 


3218 


V385 


1008 


V255.5 


cf 437 


V401 


1459 


V256.1.1 


2488 


V411.3 


2139 


V256. 1.4.1 


692 


V411.5.1 


176 


V256.3.1 


2419 


V411.7 


cf. 3489 


V256.4.2 


4632 


V412.2 


766 


V256.5 


5139 


V412.4 


176 a) 


V256.6 


2139 


V416.1 


cf. 4963 


V261.1 


3231 


V417.1 


4963 


V261.3 


2734 


V423 


4088, 519 


V261.3.1 


cf. 2728, 2729 


V424 


cf 5050 


V264 


1812 


V425 


168 


V264.1 


3572 


V441 


3438 


V264.1.2 


3573 


V461.0.1 


4484 


V264.2 


4925 


V461.1 


3504 


V264.3 


5283 


V46 1.6.1 


13 


V264.3.1 


536 


V461.7 


1961 


V264.5 


4864 


V461.8 


4009 


V268.3 


349 


V461.12 


381 



224 



CONCORDANCE 



MOTIF 
NUMBER 

V462.1 

V462.1.1.1 

V462.1.1.2 

V462.12 

V465.1.1.1 

V465.1.1.6 

V465.1.2 

V469 

V469.1 

V477 

V477.1 

V478 

V510.3 

V510.5 

V510.7 

V511.1.3 

V511.2.3 

V515.4 



Wll.2.1 

Wll.2.5 

Wll.3.1 

Wl 1.3.2 

W11.17 

W12.3 

W11.17 

W16 

W19.1 

W19.2 

W26.1 

W26.3 

W26.5 

W26.5.1 

Wlll.2.2 

Wlll.2.3 

Wlll.2.4 

Wlll.2.5 

W125.5.1 

W128.4 

W128.4.2 

W151.9.1 

W152.ll 

W154.2.1 



TUBACH 



4372 

cf. 3327 

3323 

4736 

cf. 2569 

3906 

1436 

5233 

3881 

3336 

3329 

cf. 5148 

5123 

cf. 4103 

cf. 4235 

3378 

1450 

1218 

1459 

766, 2566 

3363 

4963 

2796 

cf. 987 

2796 

4484 

642 

551 

3622 

252 

107 

114 

4288 

cf. 4288 

4288 

cf. 4288 

969 

3632 

cf. 3771 

4092, 5346 

4351 

cf. 4262 



MOTIF 


TUBACH 


NU2V1BER 




W154.2.1.1 


4262 


W154.4 


1701 


W154.5.1 


2020 


W156 


660 


W156.1 


297 


W156.2 


660 


W158.1 


2170 


W167.2 


cf. 5284, 5285 


W167.3 


cf. 5284, 5285 


W171.1.1 


501 


W185.4 


252 


X52 


1660 


X52.1 


2400 


X315 


2991 


X372.6 


3530 


X457.2 


cf. 2867 


X457.3 


3075 


X501 


525 


X502 


cf. 3577 


X711.4 


5246 


X711.5 


632, 3147 


X711.9 


4693 


X711.ll 


4319 


X711.12 


971 


X711.13 


3265 


X742.1 


328 


X772 


1436 


X802 


1808 


X803 


3426 


Zll 


4310 


Z42 


3428 


Z43.7 


80 


Z43.7.1 


80 


Z43.8 


4954 


Z43.9 


223 


Z46.1 


1705 


Z106 


647 


Zlll.3.1 


5082 b) 


Z121.3 


1921 


Z134 


2154 


Z161.1 


4413 



CONCORDANCE 



225 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Abbess: refuses audience to bishop (man) 

T362.1 
Abbot: behaves badly, avoids praise 

V46 1.6.1 
covers face to hide worldliness J922 
devil convinces to change rules 

G303.2.2, K181 1.4.3, V235.3.1 
dresses as beggar, avoids vain^ory 

J916 
former rich man, grateful he can beg 

U62.1 
gives knight good deeds, rewarded 

Q42.8.1 
lover, leaves dressed as friar K1517.6, 

T481.19 
not to judge lest he be judged 

J571.6.1 
rich in heaven, with poor saints 

J1263.1.7 
steals cucumber, temptation 

T334.1.4 
stone in mouth, three years, silent 

J1074.1.3 
throws footstool at monk U35.4 
Abducted woman: Europa by Jupiter in 

form of bull R39.4 
queen, by lover (Helen) R39.5 
Virgin aids, disjxjse of bodies, sails 

shipV268.4.1 
Abduction: sequential; wolf, ape, lions, 

thieves Z49.2.2 
Abstention, pridefial: from meat, mocked 

J1261.12,J1261.13 
Abuse: lustful duchess, by conquering 

army S177, T495.4 
from other monks, conquers monk's 

lust T3 17.6 
Accuser,- false: bumed at stake H221.6 
condemned to death Q263.1 
God appears in dream, punishes 

Q263.3.1 
homing strikes woman Q263.6 
Susanna, elders Jl 153.1, K21 12.02 



swear by fire, illness, blindness 
Q263.2 
Advanced age: no protection against lust 

T317.7 
Aged: man counsels travelers J151.6 

master solves riddle, saves life 

J151.1.1 
monk, in city, fathers diild, returns 

V462.1.1.2 
nursemaid teaches temperance Jl 5 1 .5 
sleeping with women, ages men most 

rapidly H659.28 
woman protects another from fraud 
J155.9 
Ages: of women Z19.3 
Aging: monk fells to knees, ages 

D 1890.0.1 
Air-castle: dream of wealth from honey jar 
J2061.1 
woman drops honey jar J2061.3.1 
Alchemist: false, needs money to fetch 

ingredients Kl 966.2 
Alexander: allows criticism patiently 
W26.5 
debates philosophers J 1281 .5 
descends in submarine D1525 
disguised, steals host's flatware 

K354.2 
pirate tells him they are both thieves 

J1289.22, U11.2 
raised with rascal J413.2 
recipient of gift protests, gift denied 

J1283.1 
returns captive maiden to betrothed 
P12.9 
Alliance: dog and wolf B267.1 

sheep and dogs B267.2 
Altar doth: stolen, underclothes, body 

twisted Q220.4 
Amazons: kill male children or give to 
fathers SI 2.8 
kill male infants or send them away 
F565.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



227 



kill surviving husbands S61 
women create own kingdom F565.1 
Ambush: foiled, man stops to pray 

N699.3.1,V264.2 
Angel: appears to hero, predicts victory 

V510.9 
as beggar to saint's house K1811.0.4 
as shipwrecked traveler, saint feeds, 

clothes W12.3.1 
bars abbot, for injustice to monk 

V235.3 
called by Virgin, defend town fix)m 

Moors V249.3 
cures gangrenous foot D2 16 1.5. 1.1 
dark over heads of those to die 

V235.3.2 
disguise shipwreck man, alms 

V411.ll 
disguised as beggar, saint shelters 

V235.4 
disguised as guest, host rewarded 

Q45.1 
dying saint to heaven, first to hell 

V5 11.2.9 
enters prison, fi-ees prisoner R168.2 
explains cut off foot, lost money 

Z43.9 
explains heavenly justice V232.3.2 
explains unequal fate, evil, holy 

V232.3.3 
e:q>lains unjust acts to hermit 

J225.0.1 
fi^t devils for abbot's soul V232.1.3 
goldsmiths, create cross for altar 

V232.12 
helps prince slay evil uncle V232.1.1 
helps saint escape fitsm prison 

V232.8 
kills man who is plotting murder 

J225.4 
mortal struggle V230.3 
saves man hanging on cliflF edge 

R168.1 
says woman not force other to wed 

V231.5 
sends man to champion his mother 

H927.3 
sets task, man to be defender of weak 

H927.4 



teaches work is prayer V232.1.2 
tells man devil lied, saves wife 
V232.ll 
Anger: cure for paralysis D2 16 1.5.1, 
F950.2 
monk goes to desert to avoid W26.3 
monk experiences, alone in desert 

W26.3 
not to act in, asks another to punish 

servant J2 1.2. 1.1 
to reside in face, not heart J153.6 
Animal: allows self to be tied to anotfier 
J2132.5, K713.1.2, K713.1.2.1 
attack dying lion W12 1.2.1 
division of, deceptive: lambs, wool; 

piglets, wool K 1 7 1 . 5 
mate only for procreation B299.13 
said to be bom to woman T554.2.1 
saved fix)m pit: grateful and ungrate- 

fiilW154.8 
worship infent Jesus B25 1.1.1, 
V211. 1.8.5 
Anointing: restores dying man D 1846.4.2 
Ant: carries stored grain out to dry J71 1 .5 
dispute beauty with flies J242.6 
gratefijl for rescue from drowning 

B362 
helps dove 348 1.1 
predict infant's future wealth 

B147.3.1.2 
rewarded for industry, has food 

Q86.1 
store grain, pigs eat it U31.7 
Ant and fly: ant, safe in winter, fly dead 

J711.1.1 
Ant and grasshopper: ant industrious, 

grasshopper lazy J7 1 1 . 1 
Antelopes: homs entangle in trees 

A2326.3.3.1 
Ape: flees with fevorite diild, caught 
L146.1 
judges dispute of fox and wolf B274.1 
kill bird, told them firefly not fire 

J1064.1 
throws away nut, bitter rind J369.2 
^e-mother: her child to win beauty con- 
test HI 596.4 
i^ostate: protects self, sign of the cross 
V86.1.7 



228 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



sat on holy vessels, body parts rot 

Q55 1.6.4 
stole church goods, punished Q221 .9 
Apothecary's aide: dirt not medicine, wife 

e^lainsT481.26 
i^pearance: holy man unprepossessing 

J260.0.1 
Apple, golden: beseiged city surrenders 
K2365.2 
prize in beauty contest, judgement of 

Paris HI 596.1 
saint tosses in poor man's window 
R165.1 
Apple tree: wtio will inherit? K171.10 
^prentice: hungry, calls master insane 
J1341.5 
unfed, calls employer insane K1265 
Arachne: challenges Athena's skill C54.2 
Arian: bishop, angel visits in bath, kills 
V324.1 
bishop, blasphemy, heavenly fire 

strikes Q221. 3. 11 
king kills insincere convert V324, 
V475.6 
Aristode: returns, no study in hell, only 
torment E302 
woman humiliates, saddles, rides 
K1215, X742.1 
Arm: swollen dangerously, Vii^ cures 

V256.4.5 
Armies: miraculously unable to see each 

other F1097 
Armpits: poison in, kills man Z31 1.5 
Arms, knight's: tunic, fear of God, shield 

faith Z100.02 
Arrow: defleaed: tum back on archer 
D2091.il 
in squire's side. Virgin removes 

V256. 1.7.1 
intercepted by image of Virgin 

D2163.3.1 
removed from face by Virgin 

D2161.5.2.7 
shot at heaven, returns bloody F 1066 
shows lion how terrible man is J32 
wound of not to be cured: pain 
strengthens victim spiritually 
J893.4 
Ascetic: flees house of prideful man 



V462.2.4 
flees man who speaks to him V462.1 
used to fasting, finds it pleasurable 

U130.3 
Asking: consort not to ask questions 

C411.2 
name of husband forbidden C32.2.1 
not to ask v/hy king never lau^is 

C411.1 
origin of husband forbidden C32.2.2 
Ass: animals flee bray, thinks they fear 

J953.20 
back marked with cross A2356.2.7 
carries usvurer's body to gallows 

B151. 1.1.2.1 
ceases to long for deadi, sees drums 

of ass skins J2 17.2 
envies horse's rich life J212.1 
envies pigs, until sees slau^ter 

J217.3, W128.4.2 
envious of war horse, sees him woun- 
ded L452.2 
heart, eyes cure for disease K961 
hurts where wolf doctor touches it 

J1432.1 
lion's skin, unmasked when brays 

J951.1 
man mounted on, seen before man 

K511.1.1 
masters of progressively worse N255.2 
persuades wolf, kill in privacy 

K551.29 
tied up outside church, distracts 

preadier, he gives it away 

V461.12 
widiout a heart: fox eats it, denies it 

to king lion K402.3 
Ave: blasphemer paralyzed, except power 

tosayV254.3.1 
blasphemer regains speech to say 

V254.3.2 
child says, swept away, saved 

V254.7.4 
devil awaits day man will not say 

V254.8 
leaves on grave. Virgin's devotee 

V254.7.3 
leper says one thousand, cured 

V254.1.4 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



229 



prayer, protects robber on gallows 

V254.1.1 
saves greedy evil man from demons 

V254.2.1 
saves man dragged by horses 

V254.1.2 
saves robber from executioners 

V254.1.3 
severed head of criminal says 

V254.7.1 
Virgin teaches nun to say V254.7.5 

Babel: tower of A1333, C771.1, F772.1 
Bailiffs lead thief to gallows; bystander: 

great thieves lead thief J1374 
Baker: king is illegitimate, is son of 
J1661. 1.2.3 
son of, Caesar said to be J1281.3.1 
threatened to frighten guest P463.2 
uses matter from abscess in bread 
P463.3 
Bald man: hits fly, hurts self J2 102.3 
Baldness: Caesar permits insults about 

W26.7 
Bandits: rob women, fell ill. Virgin cures 

them V257.3 
Banishing: caliminiated hero banished 

Q431.20 
Banker: swears falsely about money, saved 
V252.3 
unjust: deceived by felse deposits 
J155.9, K1667 
Banquet: enemy drugged, killed K871.1 
Baptism: magic cure D2 16 1.4.9 
Barber: hired to cut king's throat, with- 
draws P446.2 
king fears, singes own beard P446.2. 1 
Bare rear parts: to Jesus, punished by 

paralysis Q22 1.3.7, Q559.12 
Barley: urine-soaked, wife serves husband 
X711.3 
dog urinates on: woman mixes it 
K267 
Barrenness: relieved by prayer D 1 925. 3 
Basket: lover suspended in, on tower 
T495.2 
of sand: abbot's sins J80.3.2 
Bat: fur, no feathers A23 11.11 

joins birds, then quadivQjeds W 1 7 1 . 1 . 1 



joins birds, then quadrupeds in war 

B261.1 
tries to be bird, then quadruped 

K2031.3 
why flies at ni^t A249 1 . 1 
why sleeps by day A249 1.1.1 
Bathe: woman to use only rain water for, 

punished Q33 1.5 
Bathhouse attendant: perpetual, punish- 
ment for sins Q501.9 
in hell freed Q578 
Battle: losing, leader prays, soldiers win 
V52.3 
lost due to impiety of emperor 

P555.0.1 
to be won by side whose king dies 

M362, P711.9 
won in Christ's name V52.3.1 
Beam, for church: extended magically 

D1713.1 
Bear: and wolves, eat sheep of unchar- 
itable monks Q552.18.4, V423 
guards holy man's sheep B449.5 
tells traveler not to trust guide J 1488 
uses tail to fish through ice, loses it 
K1021 
Bear's-food: threat to horses C25 
Beard: Jew touches dead hero's beard 
P672.1.5 
not to cut until daughter wed 

M12J.2 
pulling, insult P672 
vow not to cut until exile over 
M121.1 
Beauty: of women Z19.4 
Bedchamber: queen's, seardied before 

king enters T 172.4 
Beds: dream: marital, roj^, wealth, dan- 
gerous Z105 
man rejects three: marriage, wealth, 
power J347.5 
Beehives: from diurch, stolen. Virgin 
sends man to find thieves 
V268.12 
stolen from church, Virgin recovers 
U 129.4 
Beekeeper: Host, hive. Virgin, Child 
appear C55.3.1 
puts consecrated Host in hive C55.3 



230 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Bees: die after stinging A2232.2, A2346.1 
guard Host in hive B259.4 
king of, no stinger, compassionate 

A2346.3 
make wax for candles 
in diurch B259.4.2 
mortal sting denied A2232.2 
predict baby's future eloquence 

B147.3.1.2 
serve honey to beetles Jl 565.2, 

U147.2 
wish for lethal sting, punished 
J2072.5.2 
Beedes {see also Dttngbeedes): serve dung to 
bees Jl 565.2, U147.2 
treated like oxen, stop at dunghill 
U122.1 
Beggar: ragged, king gives clothes, ride 

Wl 1.2.3 
Beguine: orders blasphemous painting 

Q221.3.12 
Beheaded: prince who raped kinswoman 

S169.1 
Bell: matins, earliest risers to sound 
J1179.13 
sound, saint prays he alone hears 

V222.6.2 
toll when saint's soul departs E533.2 
Belling the cat: none willing to bell it 

J671.1 
Belly: debates with other members A 1391 
Best and worst in woild, what is: words 

H659.37 
Best charaaer trait: conscience (shame) 

H659.7.3.1 
Best, what is God's: diversity of human 

visage H648.3 
Betrothal: vassal's daughters, king arranges 

T6 1.4.6 
Betrothed, married woman: flees to 

convent, admitted V452 
Bird: captured, promises counsels M244.3 
carries dupe aloft, drops K1041 
carries serpent, venom drops in milk 

N332.3 
caugjit in net K746 
doubt swallow's warning, hemp-seed 

J 1064.2 
misunderstand trapper's tears J869. 1 



shelter aged parents with wings W19.1 
song of, power to bewitch B39.2 
Birth: delay until false accusation denied 
Q227.5 
prevented until woman confesses 

slander Q559.5.1 
of hero: anomalous births of ani- 
mals F960. 1.2 
earth trembles F960.1.2 
hail storms F960. 1.2 
sea turbulent F960.1.2 
sun darkens F960.1.2 
multiple: result of sexual acts, sev- 
eral men T586.3 
saint's wife has seven babies, 

all saints T586.1 
seven at one birth, knight's 
wife T586. 1.2 
Bishop: accused, cannot utter "Holy 
Spirit" H253.1 
bad associates: lawyer lost his soul 

for him, doaor his life J452 
buries sinner in church, dies 

Q411.16 
devil helps elea. Virgin pardons 

V261.2 
invited to eat on fa&i day taunted, 
curses inviter who dies 
J1320.0.1 
judged by king from appearance: 
king teams from error J56. 1 . 1 
magically silences pagan debaters 

V352 
prayer of: banishes devil as servant 

G303. 16.2.3.8 
responds with meaningftil silence 

J 1074. 1.4 
takes c^tive's place V46 1 .0. 1 , Wl 6 
to die, prayed fit)m tierce to nones 

Q2 1.0.2 
trapped in hill of sand: sustained 
magically by food D1766.1.8.1 
Bitch: pleads for use of bed W156.2 
Bitterer than bile, what is: bad children 

H659.34 
Blacksmith: ne^ects religious duty, sees 
hell V5 11.2.1.2 
no blame, if tools damage objects 
J1891.4 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



231 



Blasphemer: angrily shoots arrow at sky 

F1066 
carried off by demons Q221.3.10 
cvirses God's eyes, eyes drop out 

Q221.3.5 
doubts Virgin's slipper, deformed 

Q22 1.3.9 
gambler loses, curses, dies 

Q22 1.3.6.1 
knife in ground, emerges bloody 

F1066.1 
punished, blood flows from mouth 

Q22 1.3.3 
ri^t hand cut off, displayed 

Q221.3.1 
rouses king's anger Q221.1 
shows buttocks to Jesus Q22 1.3.7 
struck dead, noxious odor issues 

Q22 1.3.6 
tongue, elongated Q221.3.8 
tongue grows: loses speech 

D2021.2 
Blasphemous portrait, Jesus: artist 

punished Q222.3 
Blind: accidentally hurt each other N388 
bishop, deteas poison wine 

D1817.0.2 
holy man, knows king is king 

D1820.1.1 
husband thinks wife, lover cure 

X711.13 
told hit pig, hit each other K1081 
tricked into hitting each other 

K1081 
woman, told si^t is occasion of sin 

J893.1.2 
Blindness: cured by festing, prayer 

D2161.5.2.8 
cured by Jesus D2161.4.9.1 
cured by Jesus's saliva D2 161 .4.9. 1 
cured by magic spring D2 16 1.3.1 
cvired by prayer D2 16 1.4.9.1 
cvjred by saint D2161.4.9.2 
cvired by Virgin Mary's milk 

D2161.5.2.3 
cured, holy man will see heaven 

better F952.0.3 
penitent, punishment remitted 

Q571 



punishment for adultery Q451.7.7 
pionishment for perjury Q451.7.0.3 
twice the punishment for enemy 

Q451.7.6 
Virgin cures, nonbeliever's 

V256. 1.4.5 
Virgin cures girl; mother prays 

V256. 1.4.2 
Virgin cures monk's V256. 1.4.1 
Virgin cures scoffers, wife prays 
V256. 1.4.3 
Blood: bathe in infants', emperor refuses 
Q20.3.2, W46.5 
flows from blasphemer's mouth 

Q551.6.5.1 
flows from crucifix, conversion 

V331.1 
flows from wounded image of 
Virgin VI 28.4 
Boat oarless: comes for man, transports 
him F84 1.2.8 
transports princess to barren land 
F841.2.9 
Body: aged mother's, source of sexual 
temptation T336.3 
ravaged by invisible fire Q551.9.8 
Body and blood of Jesus: appear on altar, 

doubts dispelled V33.1.1 
Body and soul: debate E727.1 
Bone: diseased. Virgin restores, cures 
V256.6 
from wolfs throat, crane removes 

W154.3 
stuck in throat, man prays, frees 
V257.2 
Book, dedicated to Virgin Mary: has cura- 
tive powers D 1500.0.2 
immersed in water, undamaged 
F930.1 
Book of miracles of St. James: does not 

bum in fire D 184 1.3. 3 

Borrower: bread, not returned, box empty 

when comes for more J 1552.5 

pledge Virgin, Christ security 

P525.4 

Boulder: Virgin diverts, saves monastery 

V268.8.3 
Boy: killed by father. Virgin revives 
E121.3.4 



232 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



sang Gaude Maria, killed, buried 

V268.1.1 
sends thief into well, steals his 
goods K345.2 
Bravery, knight in battle: equals hermit's 

devout life J234 
Bravest know how to wait: third kni^t 

waits for attack J57 1.6. 2 
Bread: borrowed, not returned; box 
empty when comes for more 
J1552.4 
made with abscess fluid N383.2.1 
magically supplied to monks 

D1031.1.2 
pre-chewed by fox cures mute 

D2161.3.6 
supply inexhaustible D 1652. 1.1 
thrown at beggar, counts as charity 

M57 
to poor, replenish magically Q44.7, 
V412.1,V412.2 
Bread dough: magically replenished 

V412.3 
Breasts: two, to nurse son, dau^ter 

A1313.3.4.2 
Bride: compares husband's penis unfavor- 
ably with ass's J 1744.2, X771 
false, deteaed by mother H51.2, 

K1911.3.7 
modest, wears chemise to bed 

K2052.1 
poor, chosen, virtuous choice 

L213.3 
poor, chosen, wealth revealed L2 1 3 
Bridegroom: celibate, gives bride ring, 
leaves T3 15.2 
leaves new bride, serve Virgin 

T376.1 
not going to church but Holy Land 
K475.4 
Brigands: disguised as monks, rob kill 
K2285.0.1 
in monks' garb rob travelers 
K828.4 
Bro^el: brother changes clothes with sis- 
ter in, rescue R152.1.1 
whore cheats brothel keeper T45 1 .3 
Brother: hostile, unite against common 
danger P25 1.3.1 



impatience of, youth to curb anger 
atW196.1 
and sister: have three ofispring, she kills 
them T4 15. 8 
rob graves, keep ftom starving U25 
Bull: divided, lose fight with lion (wol^) 
J1022 
hollow metal, heated, torture tool 

Q581.1.1 
not to fi^t goat, must fight lion 

J371.1 
tamed cut off homs, more violent 
J2107 
Burdens, two travelers: one adds to 

burden, dies J557.2 
Burial: denied, wind opens church door 
V222.1.5 
Virgin arranges for dissolute monk 
V255 
Bumed alive: stepmother, &lse accuser, 

rape Q414.0.3.2 
Burning: Image of Virgin Mary resists 
D1841.3.2 
Virgin's church, arsonist blinded 
Q55 1.8.9 
Butcher: kills sheep, they think he will not 

P448.1 
Butterfly: prefers dunghill over flowers 

U 122.0.1 
Buttocks: magic watcher D1317.1 

mistress's see, servant bares them 

X592 
shown to figure of Jesus by blas- 
phemer Q22 1.3.7, Q559.12 
watchers of lazy slave Jl 5 1 1 .9. 1 

Cabbages: philosopher's, truth-teller to 

say he wants them J152.19 
Caesar: defends soldier in court J1289.21 
gratefiil to old soldier, legal aid 

W27.3 
permits insults, baldness, lineage 

J1281.1 
responds to insult about stature 

J1281.3 
said to be baker's son J1281.3.1 
Cake, magic: chewed by fox restores 

speech D 1507.5 
Calendar: Caesar adds leap year A1161 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



233 



Calumniated: wife, saved ficom burning at 

stake V252.2.1 
Camel: homs denied to A2232.1, 

J2072.5.1 
oflFers self as sacrifice K962 
why has short ears A2232.1, 

A2325.4 
Candle: if cat warm, they are lit 

Wlll.2.5 
protects against erysipelas 

D2161.2.4 
received in dream, woman holds 

on wakening D812.8 
tipped over, lover leaves in dark 

T481.15 
Candle, magic: dance on altar Dl 162.2 
kept alight by Virgin Mary 

Dl 162.4 
will not bum for bishop D 1 1 62.3. 1 
Virgin Mary gives to minstrel 

Dl 162.3 
Cannibalism: courtiers' children served to 

him by kingG61 
siege of Jerusalem G72.2.1 
siege of Antioch G72.2.2 
Canon: magical bird song, paradise 

V511.1.3 
Captive: animal as, plea for liberty, only 

joking K56 1.0.2 
bird as, buys fi'eedom with coun- 
sels K604 
bishop as, confirms king's dream of 

death M341. 0.7 
fi-eed, crosses river magically 

R121.6.6 
fi-eed, without captors' knowledge 

R121.6.5 
interprets king's dream, freed 

R121.il 
Jew as, fi^ed fix)m prison, con- 
verted Rl 2 1.6.3 
kills renegade priest, profene Host 

Q222.1.1 
persuades captor to talk, release it 

K561.1 
prays for release. Virgin frees 

R123.1 
tells captors, mercy brings peace 

J817 



women as, deprived of clothes 

K2131.7 
Carnality: punished with deluge Q243.0.3 
Carnivores: do not eat own species 

B299.1.2 
Cart: four wheels of cart riddle H548.2.8 
fireed flx)m mud, work, prayer 

V52.18 
Casde: at bottom of lake D1131 

underwater, knight lured to F721 .5 
Castration: self, pilgrim. Virgin (Santiago) 

cures V256.4 
Cat: cock pleads, cat eats him anyway 

U31.1 
disguised as monk, catches mouse 

K1961.7 
feigns death, hangs on wall 

K2061.9 
feigns death, to catch mice 

Kl 867. 1.1 
judges sparrow, hare, eats both 

K8 15.4.1 
kills mouse, eats dieese J2 103.1 
not to run off, cut ears, bum fiir 

J156.5.2 
only trick, climbs tree to safety 

J1662 
truce, cats and mice, cat eats them 

K815.13 
unite in batde with wolf J 1025. 2 
wears monk's garb, catch mouse 

K1810.2.2 
Cave: two exits, large, small, lion trapped 

K730.3 
Celibate: acquiesces to sexual advances 

J1261.ll 
closes eyes, wtien sister visits 

T331.12 
fears seeing mother T33 1.11 
prince falls ill, sexual pressure 

T338.2 
prince, fadier surrounds with 

women T338.4 
prince, woman tries to seduce 

T617.4 
yells "thief," repels sexual advance 

T331.9 
Cell: monastic, monks learn goodness 
there V462. 1.1.1 



234 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Chains, golden: magic changes when 

melted D1561.2.5 
Champion: judicial combat saves woman 
H2 18.0.1 
knight regains land for women 

H218.0.1.1 
long-lost son saves mother 
H218.0.2 
Charity: harshly given shames recipient 

V425 
Chariemagne: in hell, gave titiies to 

knigJitsQ554.1.1 
Chastity, test of: wife offered fine gifts by 

other men H479.3 
Chasuble: stained with wine. Virgin Mary 
returns it to white D454.3.1.2 
strangles bad priest D1052.2, 
Q55 1.8.8 
Chest: choice of, jeweled or tarred L21 1 
golden, hold putrefying matter 

U119.7 
lid, &lls, breaks miser's neck 

Q272.2 
no gold found, dub to beat oneself 

P236.2 
pitch-covered, hold treasure 
J80.3.2, U119.7 
Chick: crested sign of future greamess 
B147.3.1.4 
crested, baby's future power 

M312.0.2.3 
disregards warning, carried off 
J1054.1 
Chicken house: wife hides husband in 

K1514.1,X711.7 
Child: blasphemed, devils carry oflF 
P233.16, Q221.3.2 
bom in answer to prayer T548.1 
bom seven days after conception 

F305.4 
bom with head on backwards 

T55 1.2.1 
bom with two heads, conjoined 

T551.2 
dead four days. Virgin revives 

E121.3.2.2 
dies on pilgrimage, Santiago revives 

E121.4 
hami modier, she curses them S20.3 



is mature in seven days F305.4 
killed, dismembered, cooked, 

served SI 39.7 
mother curses, they suffer aflQiction 

P232.4 
sheltered, deadi, aging, sadness J 147 
Child, horse: fell fix>m bridge. Virgin saves 

V258.1 
Childless: couple, pray, have baby 

D1925.3, E121.4, V57.5 
Children, royal: prepared to woric J148, 

J702.2 
Choice of gift: royal wife makes bad 

choice H5 11. 1.3 
Choices: money to Church, femily, or 

poor J235 
read holy books, give to others, sell 

J485.1 
sins, covetousness, lust, drvinken- 

ness J485 
Christ: appears in dream, woman touches 

heart, hand bloody V21 1.5.2 
appears to bishop, rebukes malice 

V2 11.2.4 
appears, saves saint fix)m demons 

V2 11.5.3 
as beggar, saint feeds Kl 8 11.0.3, 

W12.3 
disguised as leper, saint shelters 

V211.2.1.1 
puts maiics of crucifixion on saint 

V222.17 
rebukes, saint's joy over enemy sin 

V2 11.5.4 
walks on water, saves sinking ship 

V2 11.5.5 
Christ's name: nonbelievers rendered si- 
lent by D1766.7.1.2 
Christian: at pagan coun, accused of dis- 
loyalty V352.2 
becomes Arian, to please king, 

killed Q232.1.1,V324 
does not heed Jew's warning, is his 

right to take his horse J26. 1 
resist sun worship, defeat foe V353 
throat cut, survives until confess 

N146.1 
Christianity: coming of, prophesied 

M363.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



235 



conversion to caused by: 

appearance of cross and host 
of angels in dream 
V331.1.2 
appearance of Host, heretic 

V331.1.10 
appearance of St. Nicholas 

V331.1.6 
appearance of Virgin Mary 

V331.1.11 
goodness of Christian life 

V331. 10.1, V331. 10.2 
Jew, dead hero's hand raised 

V331.1.12 
Jew, freed from jail by Virgin 

Mary V331. 1.8 
miracle of blood from crucifix 

V331.1 
Muslim slave, freed from 
slavery by Virgin Mary 
V331.1.9 
resuscitation of dead son by 
Virgin Mary V33 1.1. 13 
Church: anacked by Moors, Virgin saves 
V268.3.3 
build it where snows in August 

V111.5 
built with usurer's money collapses 

P435.5 
vinable to enter, without confession 

V21.7 
Virgin's church prevents rape 
T47 1.0.4 
Churchmen: treacherous, pope warned 

K2284.0.1 
Circumcision: erase original sin, mark dif- 
ference V82 
City: going to, occasion of sin V462. 1.1.2 
surrenders, shower of golden 

apples K2365.2 
under siege likened to ascetic and 
temptation J8 1.5 
Clemency: for thief, good man pleads for 

W35.5 
Cleric: calls on Virgin, dove calms sea 
V268.4.3.1 
claims passive part in sex act, not 

sin X741 
damned for disobedience Q235.2 



devil as bull attacks. Virgin saves 

V264 
he will imprison devils in flask 

KI771.10 
in tavern, wrongly arrested N347.1 
joyful in suffering of enemy V469. 1 
leaves mistress, enters monastery 

V276.4 
passive in sexual acts, no guilt 

K2058.4 
prays Virgin, save friend fixjm buD 

V268.6 
resume prayers, finish Virgin's robe 

V276.1 
stubs toe, invokes devil C12.4.3 
thieves leave in well. Virgin saves 

S146.1.1 
Virgin teaches humility V255.4 
Clever slave: answers biblical and classical 

riddles H566 
Climbing ladder: man too lazy to lift foot, 

falls Will. 1.7 
Cloak: droplets bum hand of doubter 

D1053, E368 
Cloth: visible only to legitimate children 

K445, X502 
marked by go-between, adultery 

K1543 
Clothes: brother changes with sister, res- 
cue R152.1.1 
captive women, deprived of 

K2131.7 
confer invulnerability D 1845.2 
emperor's new, invisible, tricksters 

K445, X502 
exchange, rich man and poor man 

K527.3.1 
exchanged with prisoner K521 .4. 1, 

R152.1 
hair brushed off, lover leaves, noise 

is cat T48 1.14 
Cloud: blinds enemy D2091.il 
Cock: copulation with hen, hermit a- 

roused by T338.3 
killed by captor, pleads usefiilness 

U33 
pleads usefiilness to escape cat 

K561.1.1 
rules many hens, man fruls with 



236 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



one T252.2 
sapphire in dungjiill J1061.1 
serves sexually fifteen hens, man 
can only serve one wife J133.7 
CoflBn: cast overboard with money, burial 

V64.1 
Cohabitation with Jewish woman: pun- 
ished, king loses batde Q243.0.1 
Coin: dropped in water, like tranquil heart 

J81.6 
Coma, abbot in: judged in heaven Fl 1.1 
Combings: dead lover, turn white, sign 

sinless T472.3 
Compassionate executioner: hides victim 
intombK512.5 
leaves baby in care of shepherd 

K512.0.3 
spares king's wife K512.1.1 
Conception: climate determines sex of 

baby T59 1.0.4 
Condemned man: eyes taken out, choose 
instrument K558 
to select hanging tree K558 
Confession: written, contrition erases 
Q20.6 
written, tear marks erase sins in 
confession V21.5 
Conqueror: cries, sees conquered lands 
W46.1.1 
cries, sees enemy's severed head 

W46.1 
does not permit enemy to kneel 

before him W46. 1.2 
restores defeated enemy's crown 
W46.1.3 
Conspirators: fireed from torment, confess 

V2 1.0.1 
Constantine: cross in sky, in dream 
V331.1.2 
refuses, bathe, blood infants 

Q20.3.2, W46.5 
vision, cross, after baptism V515.4 
Consul: invites captive enemy to consult 

P12.9.1 
Contemplative, active: friais, both prayers 

valued V3 16.3 
Contest: beauty, golden apple prize, 

judgement of Paris HI 596.1 
Cook: threatened to fiigjiten guest P463.2 



Corpse: brings bad luck, ship at sea 
N134.2 
disinterred spits gold at robbers 

E235.7 
holds sheep robber fest E235.7 
magically too heavy to carry 

D 1654.9.1 
prostitutes' carried only by them 

X521 
rolls over, makes room in grave 

Q147.1 
usurer, destroys church El 71 
Corpse of dead hero: leads troops to vic- 
tory K97.3 
punishes disrespect P672.1.5 
Corpse uncorrupted: emit sweet fragrance 
D2167.0.4 
flowers issue from mouth 

D2167.0.2 
saint and wife D2 167.0.3 
tree bears leaves with "Ave" 
D2 167.0.1 
Count: wife runs ofiF, he kills both lovers 

T481.28 
Countertask: hold back rivers to drink sea 

H951.1 
Countess: babies to drink only her milk 

U121.7 
Country mouse: chooses poverty with safe- 
ty J21 1.2 
Courtier: disguised, pilgrim accompany 
kingK1815.3 
hears mass, misses ambush 

V4 1.2.2 
pretends he will join king in retreat 

J836 
slim book, good deeds, big book 

sins V22.1 
uses tale to teach king J8 17.5 
Courtiers malign king: pardoned because 

were drvink J8 1 1 .4 
Covetous and envious: twice the wish to 

the enemy J2074 
Cow: snake drinks milk fix)m teats 

B765.4.2 
Crab: mother scolds children for gait 
J1063.1 
mother teaches to walk sideways 
A244 1.4.2 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



237 



squeezes crane's throat, kills 

K953.3.5 
walks sideways, learned from 
mother U121.1 
Crane: bone from wolfs throat W 154.3 
carries fish to new lake, eats them 

J657.3,K815.14 
love each other, have laws 

B773.1.1 
serves food to fox in bottle Jl 565.1 
united defeat all enemies J1025.1 
Cricket: cau^t among locusts J45 1.2.1 
Crocodiles: spare obedient monk crossing 

stream W3 1.1 
Crop division, deceptive: above, below 
ground K171.1 
tree roots, and leaves K171.1 
Crop, wheat, divided: trickster covers 

smaller share Kl 7 1.0.3 
Crops: burned, holy man accepts patiently 
N252.2 
destroyed, holy man accepts 
W26.4 
Cross: arms crossed save viaim 
D1719.6.3 
silences magic skull Dl 7 19.6.1 
Cross, angels: appear, convert emperor 

V331.1.2 
Cross, sign of: bishop's ruddy face cleared 
D1766.6.4.3 
poisoned wine rendered safe 
D1766.6.4.1 
Cross, wood of David's sling D1719.6.2 

Moses's rod D1719.6 
Crow: advises eagle to drop shells B321 
advises eagle to drop snail, shell 

breaks J132.1 
afiiaid of dog, sits on sheep 

W121.2.3 
battered, bloody will serve owls 

K477.4 
bird of ill omen B147.2.2.1 
care for aged parents B773.5 
cure eagle's eyes, onion juice 

K1955.2.2 
drops necklace in snake's hole 

K401.2.2, K2155.5 
drops pebbles in water jug, level 
rises JlOl 



evil by nature, rides on sheep 

U120.1.1 
imitates partridge's walk J512.6 
in peacock's feathers unmasked 

J951.2 
infiltrates enemy camp, spy 

A2494.13.14,B261.1,K477.4, 

K2042 
pretends to cure eagle, blinds it 

KlOU 
rides on sheep, sheep helpless 

U31.2 
seen on left bad omen 

B147.2.2.1.1 
tells eagle to drop snail, crow eats 

it J758.4 
two, good omen B147.2.1.1 
Crow (hawk, falcon): song for safety of 

dove's chicks U31.4 
Crow's egg: stork's nest, accused of adul- 
tery K2 105 
stork's nest, stork punished T647. 1 
Crown: refiased, brings excessive cares 

J347.2,J347.2.1 
Crucified: philosopher, can die in air or 

on earth J1289.27 
Crucifix: bleeds when stabbed D 1622.4 
bleeds when stomped 

D1500.1.7.3.5 
Cup, placed in sack: proof of theft 

H151.4 
Cure: anger cures paralysis D2 16 1.5.1 
baptism D2 16 1.4.9 
bread chewed by fox restores voice 

Q94.1 
for blindness in magic spring 

D2161.3.1 
magic spring water, blindness 

Q94.1 
marriage cures lovesickness 

F950.8.1 
Cure, marvelous: absent treatment by 

holy man D2 16 1,2. 5 
holy man cures at distance 

F950.7.1 
Jesus cures woman at a distance 

F950.7 
Curlew: heron, feed mate fish with stick 

in it K813.3 



238 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



leads lover to ambush and death 
K813.1 
Curse: lifted by prayer, penitence M423.1 
Cvirse on land: man cultivated church 

land, cursed M474 
Cut-off nose: dupe thinks he cut ofif wife's 
nose K1512 
man believes miraculous restor- 
ation X711.1 
wives of barber, carpenter T48 1.10 

Dancers: cursed to dance until released 

C94.1.1,D2174 
Daughter: abused mother, soul tormented 
P232.3, P232.5, S21.8 
helps kill father, promise to marry 

T55.1.3 
mother curses, saint cures 

Q281.1.2 
saves father from attacker P234.5 
saves father from death sentence 

P234.6 
suckles imprisoned parent P234.3 
suffocates fether, installs lover S22.4 
ungrateftol, devils torment Q28 1 . 1 
Daugjiter-in-law: deserted, stays with hus- 
band's family P266 
Daughters: treacherous, afQiaed with ill- 
ness K22 14.1 
Daw: imitates eagle, fails J512.16 
Deacon: abduaed by enemies R39. 1 

renounces vows, Arian king kills 
V475.6 
Deacon, confession of: power to relieve 

drought V24.2 
Dead: give responses to prayer for dead 
E499.7 
grateful for good priest's prayers 

E481.1.4 
rise grateful for holy water, prayer 
E499 
Dead abbot and monks: punish cellarer 

for alms not given E425.2.3 
Dead apostate's hand: swells, points to 

heaven in defeat E369 
Dead brother: returns to do penance 
E325 
returns, saved by pilgrimage 
E326.1 



Dead canon: asks canons to pray for him 

E411.12 
Dead cleric: returns, insincere prayers of 
nouseE301.7 
returns, masses not paid for 

E4 15.3.1 
retums, scholar saved, bishop not 
E301.2 
Dead kni^t: friend to make amends for 

his sin E411.il 
Dead man: penance completed by friend 
E412.2 
retums, chains are his debts 

E41 5.3.1 
retums, stolen goods, be returned 
E415.3.1 
Dead monk: brothers must give goods to 
poor E4 15.2.2 
retums grateful for masses E301.6 
retums to ask brothers for prayers 

E301.2 
retums to restore shoes to owner 

E301.3 
retums to warn against pride 

E301.5 
retums, tells friend of salvation 

E301.1 
retums, tells how Virgin saved him 

E366 
retums, twisted, demons torment 
him E366 
Dead motfier: retvims, covered with fiery 
snakes E323.9 
retums, grateful for son's prayers 

E323 
retums, tells hell's pain, heaven's 
joy E323.4 
Dead nun: abbess, nuns complete her 

penance E412.2 
Dead pilgrim: retums, warns that their 

lord to die E30 1.8 
Dead prior: retums to tell of torment 

E243 
Dead pupil: retums, tells master studies 

are ftitile E368 
Dead scholar: in hell for vainglory, greed, 

lust E412.8 
Dead sister: retums grateful for saint's 
prayers E325 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



239 



Dead son: commended to Vii^, revived 

E121.3.5.1 
Dead thief: retvims to do penance thirty 

days E41 1.0.2.1 
Dead usurer: resdess in grave in church 
E411.4 
rises from grave, attacks monks 
E41 1.4.1 
Dead woman: returns, asks lover for 
masses E312 
returns, condemned to comb for- 
ever E30 1.10 
returns, confesses diaracter flaw 

E365 
returns, grateflil for prayers E361.4 
returns, offended mother in past 
E365.0.1 
Deaf, mute: Virgin cures V256. 1 .4 
Death: bishop's foretold M341.1 

by burning if testimony is false 

S112 
dragging by asses, humiliation 

Q499.2.3 
God tells deacon bishop to die 

M341. 1.1.1 
human figure leads worldly dance 

Z111.7 
monk names those to die M341 .0.4 
seen as composite beast Zl 1.3.1 
sentences, king revokes all W46.4 
Death predicted: abbot and pupil die at 

same time E765.4.3.2 
Death, respite from beating: beat ass 
when dead, skin is drum W128.4.1 
Debate: belly and other members A1391, 
J461.1 
body and soul E727.1 
cat, cock, usefulness K56 1.1.1 
Christian, Jewish scholars V35 1 . 1 .2 
hear masses, hear sermons J466.3 
simple bishop, pagan philosopher 
V351 
Debate, wWdi saint is greater: saints, in 

dream, urge peace J466.2 
Debt not owed, better to pay: than to suf- 
fer dishonor J22 1 .3 
Deer: filled from net by fiiends B545.1 
unite, safe from hunters J1025.4 
Demands: excessive to prevent marriage 



H301 

Demon: carry oflF robber's soul E121.3.6 
dwell in pagan idols G303. 16.8.2 
flee at hearing Jesus's name 

G303. 16.8.1 
leave at Virgin's command 

G303. 16.8.3 
monk, knigjit's wife run ofif. Virgin 

saves G303. 16. 1.1 
tricked into losing power 

D630.1.1.1 
Deny: Trinity, punished, three mortal 

blows from angel Q551.9.5 
Virgin, punished, internal bleeding 

Q551.9.4 
Depraved sexual acts: dying man pun- 
ished Q243.7 
Desecration, image of Christ: mob storms 

rabbi's house Q222.2 
Destiny: better than work, intelligence, 

charm N142 
Devil: appears to dying man G303.6.2.8; 
as angel: abbot to revise rules 
G303.3.2.2 

monk to fast nine days 
G303.3.2.6 

tells abbot change rule 
V235.3.1 

visits abbot, strife Kl 8 1 1 .4.3 
as: bull to drunken cleric 

G303.3.3.1.4 
as: Christ, imposture deteaed 

G303.3.2.1 
as hermit's childhood love 

G303.3. 1.12.3 
as incubus exorcised G303. 16.5.4 
as Jew, wants deric to renege 

G303.3.1.15 
as monkey, will steal money 

G303.3.3.2.7 
as old woman, monk to leave 

G303.3.1.12.4 
as pagan god G303.9.4.12 
as spider, bites woman 

G303.3.2.11 
as victualler, tempts monks 

G303.9.4.11 
bishop to renege for new post 

G303.9.4.8.1 



240 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



carry off: abusive daughter 
Rl 1.2.1.3 

evil emperor Rl 1 .2. 1 . 1 

evil judge Rl 1.2.3 
cast out of calumniator E728. 1 .2 
cause injuries at mock battle 

D2163.3.1.1 
dead son, endangers mother 

G303.3.1.16 
defeated by bishop riddler 

G303.16.1.4 
defeated by sinner's confession 

G303.16.9 
deny delay to miser, cany him off 

Rll.2.1.2 
disguised as gentleman G303.3.1.3 
disguised as raffish traveler 

G303.3. 1.3.1 
distressed woman, shelter 

G303. 1.12.3.1 
dying man, pleads for time 

G303.6.2.8.1 
grateful, churchmen send sinners 

J1263.1.6 
haunts house, exorcised G303.15.3 
in brodiel, fi^ts monk reformer 

G303.3.1.31 
induces bishop and nun to sin 

G303.9.4.4 
laughs utien other &lls in mud 

G303.6.1.8 
magician promises wealth 

G303.3.1.26 
magician. Moors taugjit him 

G303.3.1.26 
makes offer for man's soul 

G303.3. 1.3.1 
man must be his vassal 

G303.9.4.8.2 
nei^bors who come to dine 

G303.1.17 
paa with, returned to signer, saved 

M211,V264.1 
paralytic's prayer vanquishes 

G303. 16.5.5 
pilgrim attacks asceticism 

G303.3.1.28 
pilgrim, charity over asceticism 

G303.3.1.28 



pulls scaffold away fix)m painter 

P482.1.1 
putrid odor of G303.4.8.1 
rides on woman's long skirt, falls 

off, other devils laugh 

Q331.2.1.5 
seductive woman with bishop 

G303.3. 1.3.1 
sends old woman, for discord 

G303.10.5 
sends snake to tempt humans 

G303. 10.20 
take cleric's hoarded fortvine 

G303.16.1.2 
tells monk &st nine days, almost 

dies K824.2 
tempts youth to deny Christ 

G303.9.4.8.11 
tricks hermit into killing fether 

K943 
unable to name wife's lover who 

confessed V20. 1 
unable to record names of all who 

misbehave in churdi 

G303.24. 1.4.1 
unbearably hideous G303. 3.0.1 
with herd of boars attacks 

G303.3.1.29 
Devil as false priest: accuses woman of in- 
cest G303.3.1.30 
Devil begs for apple: cannot utter "chari- 
ty," flees G303. 16. 19.21 
Devil changes form: bull, hairy savage, 

lion G303.3.5.4 
hairy, huge teeth, fiery nostrils 

G303.3.0.2 
lion, bear, basilisk, griffin 

G303.3.5.5 
Devil defeated: by simple fiiar's prayers 

G303. 16.2.3.6 
cannot go wtiere monk prays 

G303. 16.2.3.7 
chased away by holy man 

G303.16.15.2 
cheated of promised soul K2 1 8.4 
confession protects against 

G303.16.9 
vanquished by sign of cross 

G303. 16.3.4.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



241 



vanquished when Host passes 
G303. 16.5.3 
Devil disputes saint: saint wins for humili- 
ty G303. 16. 11. 5 
Devil gets woman's ring: uses it to accuse 

herG303.9.4.3.1 
Devil has monk's soul: monk's penance, 

soul returns G303.16.15.1 
Devil in church: fiustrated by length of 
list G303.24. 1.4.1 
thrown out by holy man 

G303.24.1.10 
writes names of misbehavers 

G303.24.1.3 
writes names of sleepers 
G303.24.1.7 
Devil reigns in parts of monastery: cannot 

enter chapter G303.25.3.3 
Devils anack fleeing monks: Virgin pro- 
tects them G303. 16.8.4 
Devils attack witch's grave: capture her 

soul G303.25.20 
Devils in monastery: do mischief among 
monks G303.25.3.4 
prefer it because sinners resist 
G303.25.3.1 
Dice game: won by saint D1713.4 
Die, broken: saves gambler's sovil Nl.2.1 
Virgin helps gambler win N. 1 .2. 1 . 1 
Disease: remitted when persecution ceases 

Q570.2 
Disguise: in clothes of other sex K52 1.4.1 
lover as priest to escape husband 

K521.6 
to enter enemy's castle K2357 
wolf changes voice to fool kids 
K1832 
Disputation: pride in, punished in hell 

W159.4 
Distance: earth to heaven, devil knows 

H682.1.10 
Doctor (see also Physician): hot onion 
cures foot, cures eye P466 
poisons princess, to drink poison 

too K824 
same remedy, sore eye, sore foot 
X372.6 
Doe: raises abandoned babies B535.0.16 
Dog: accuses sheep of theft of bread 



K1290 
begs at table, indifferent elsewiiere 

K2094.1 
chooses safety over tfiief s reward 

J211.3 
eats kill first, crow eats remains 

A2 545.3.1 
friendly at home, fierce on street 

K2031.1 
gives bitch bed, she drives him 

away U45 
keeps master's body afloat B299. 13 
proud of its dog J953. 1 
saves child, killed in error B331.2 
says sheep stole bread U3 1.1.1 
takes food to imprisoned master 

B301. 1.1.1 
tricked by wolves K815.3 
Dog, sent out, called in: paws wet, rains, 

paws dry not Wl 1 1.2.4 
Dog, testament of: given Christian burial 

J1607 
Donkey: given to poor, distraas priest 

J352.2 
Doors: church, sinner may not pass 

through C6 11. 1.2 
church. Virgin opens for worshiper 

V268.10 
shatter, pilgrims may enter 

D1557.1 
Doubting monk: sees Virgin in dream 

V510.7 
Dove: elea hawk as their king J643.2.1, 

K815.8 
flies out of dying monk's mouth 

V345.1 
flies out of sinM monk's mouth 

V345 
grateM for rescue from drowning 

B362 
have king B242.2.2 
lead man to treasure B558.1 
not to throw chicks to fox K601.3 
not to throw fled^ings to fox, fox 

to dimb to get them J21.54 
trained to eat grain, prophet's ear 

Kl 962.1 
Dove's femily killed: builds nest in same 
place Jl 6 



242 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Dovecote: husband hides in, wife with 

lover T481.il 
Downfall of emperor, persecutes Chris- 
tians, will die M342.1.3 
Downfall of king: dream interpreted false- 
ly M342. 1.1 
philosopher knows M342.1 
Dragon: guards hermit's food Bll.6.5 

holds victim down with tail 

Bll.10.4 
rescued, breaks promise, returned 

M205.5 
Dragon's blood: causes leprosy 

Bll.2.13.1 
venomous Bll.2.13.1 
Dream: angel advises in D1814.2.1 

angel prediCTs future victories 

M312.10 
baby girl, found royal line 

M312.0.4.1 
baby, drink only mother's milk 

M312.0.4.1 
bishop's death fulfilled M370.2 
captive interprets D1812.3. 3.0.4 
deacon sees bishop's death 

D1812.3.3.12 
enemies will attack duke M342.1.2 
false interpretation D17 12.4. 1.1 
father sees infant's future 

D1812.3.3.8.1 
hermit's, knight to be king M314.5 
Jesus appears D 181 3.5 
king judged in J157.4 
king will be assassinated M342.3 
king's, interpreted by bishop 

D1712.3 
knight's, conquer territory M314.6 
lineage to fi-ee Holy Land 

M3 12.0.4.2 
pope's death fulfilled M370.3 
pregnant woman, son's greamess 

M312.0.4 
pregnant woman's D1812.3.3.8 
re-interpreted J 1 528. 1 
son will avenge Christ's death 

M312.0.4.3 
son will kill father M3 12.0.4.4 
sun's rays fi-om wife's womb Z106 
Virgin shows hell's torments 



V5 11.2.8 

warns of danger D1813. 1.3.1 

women beat author for misogyny 
Q396 
Dream beasts attack: interpreted, enemy 

will come H6 17.1 
Dream bread: rustic tricks townsmen 

K444 
Dream of birds of prey: must hunt usurers 

D1814.2.2 
Dream vision: hero will defeat enemy 

when dead V51 0.10 
Dream, holy city endrcled by entrails: 

interpret: lineage will be honored 

H617.2 
Dreamer: oflFered price for sheep, wants 

more J1473.1 
Drop of honey: causes chain of events 

Z43.7.1 
Dropsy: woman devotee's. Virgin cures 

V256.4.4 
Drover: leaves wounded bull to die 

K2255.3 
Drowned: man, prayed to Virgin, revives 
him V268.2 

man. Virgin resuscitates V256.5.1 

wife, sack in sea. Virgin saves 
V256.5.1.1 
Drowned child: on pilgrimage. Virgin re- 
vives El 2 1.3.5 
Drowned girl child: Virgin revives during 

funeral E121. 3.1 
Drowning: husband, kicks wife into river 
S113.3 

image of Virgin Mary resists 
D 184 1.4.6 

man, without confession, revived 
V251.1.1 

monk. Virgin saves soul of V256.5 
Drowning man: saved by Santiago's name 

D1766.7.1.2 
Drowning woman: prays to Virgin, is 

saved D 184 1.4.7 
Drum: makes noise in wind, is empty 

J262.1 
Drunk: unable to speak to confessor, dies 

X802 
Drunkard sees double: sees four children, 

kiUswifeJ1623.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



243 



Drunkard's wife to undergo ordeal: he 
must hand wife red-hot iron 
J1623.2 
Drunken taunt: punished, man dies 

Jl 320.0.1 
Drunkenness: leads hermit to covetous- 
ness, lust J485 
sin of monk in hell V5 11 .2. 1 . 1 
Duchess: abused, impaled vaginally SI 77 
handed over to common soldiers 
T495.4 
Duke: sacrifices self to win batde F711.9 
Dungbeede {see also Beetle): defeats eagle 
L315.7 
destroy eagje's eggs A243 1.3.9 
Dwarf: Caesar called, replies he needs 
stilts Jl 28 1.3 
king called, by enemies, not by 
own people W26.7.4 
Dying man: prays for good end, not cure 
J893.5 
refiases Host, goes to hell V39.8 
Dying monk: knows who will die 
M341.0.5 

Eagle: arrow fi-om own feathers kills U161 
brings fish to saint B469.1 1 
do not nest, dungbeede season 

A243 1.3.9 
drops oflBcial's ring in slave's lap 

N352.1.1 
drops tortoise and kills it J657.2 
flies close to sun, is consumed 

B32.2 
king of birds B242. 1.1 
lays eggs, Zeus's lap, beedes shake 

L315.7 
leads rescuer to treasure B36 1 
not carry heron over sea; they foul 

U130.4 
threatens felcon who cau^t heron 
L315.9 
Eaiith: rejects body. Host applied, accepts 

V34.6 
Earthen pot: river can destroy Jl 476.1 
Eel: opens dams with pebble B749 
Elders: try, fail, create discord, monastery 

V461.10 
Election: king of birds B236.1.1 



Emetic: detects theft of food Jl 144.1 
Emissary: killed in place of intended vic- 
tim N341 
Emperor: answers, bom to rule, not fi^t 

J1281.3.2,W26.7.3 
aspire be gods, live like sinners 

L420.0.2 
daily gifts to courtiers, subjects 

Wl 1.2.1 
descends to sea floor, glass barrel 

P15.1.3 
eleaed, to choose stone for tomb 

J914.5 
foi^ve enemies, ruled in peace 

Q20.3 
gives son to woman, son died 

P233.2.2 
in boiling oil in hell for murders 

Q2 11.0.3 
insists on own divinity V205.2 
never laughs, punishes questioners 

C951,F591.1 
oflEspring to be trained to rule 

J148 
orders death of 7,000 citizens 

SI 10.0.1 
pardons defeated ft»e PI 5. 1.3 
refuses cure, bathe in infant blood 

Q20.3.2 
rewarded, treasure under floor 

Q44.5 
shows feitii in physician fiiend 

P317.1.1 
trapped in mine, wife's prayers sus- 
tain V41.1 
Emperor's new clothes: invisible, tricksters 

K445, X502 
Employer: falsely called insane K1265 

says her buttocks have eyes to 

check on work D1317.1, 

J151 1.9.1, X592 
Empress: defeated, turns over wealth 

U35.3 
falsely accused of infidelity, saved 

V252.3.1 
Jerusalem, seeks true cross V85.5 
orders son's eyes put out P23 1 .4. 1 
Enchanted pear tree: blind husband, lov- 
ers in tree, cured K1518 



244 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Enemy: carries ofif deacon, will kiU him 
R39.1 
Ivired by banquet, ambushed 

K2365.4 
make peace in order to rule jointly 

J218.2 
of Christians defeated, son killed 

L416.3 
overcome, banquet, doctored wine 

K871.1 
persuaded by show of wealth 
K2365.3 
Enemy brothers: unite, fight common en- 
emy J624.3 
English, short-lived: drink excessively 

J1320.0.1 
Englishman: in France drunk, cannot 

speak X801 
Enmity: carnivores and herbivores 
A2494.7.4 
felcon and kite A2494.13.13.1 
falcon and nightingale 

A2494.13.13 
lion and leopard A2494.12.2 
mongoose and snake A2494.12.2 
monkey and lion A2494.7.1 
owls and crows A2494.13.14, 
B261.1.K477.4, K2042 
Entrails: twisted fixjm body, to punish 

heresy Q469.7 
Entry into enemy's camp: pretending mis- 
treatment in own K477.4 
Erysipelas: devotees'. Virgin cures 
V256.6.1 
magic candle protects against 

D2161.24 
punishment for desecrating churdh 

Q222.5 
usurer's heirs subjea to P435.9 
Escape: invader convinced he would suf- 
fer K574 
substitute sand for treasure 
K525.il 
Evil and Good: share wife, upper and 

lower parts K1635, Z121.3 
Evil rich man: bury with honors, lion eats 

hermit U 11.3 
Evil spirit: e^qjelled fix)m bishop's enemy 
E728.1 



Evil diou^ts, inability to hinder: bare 
chest, wind, inability to hinder 
J80.3.1 
Excommunicated person: association with, 
punished by death Q436. 1 
bones resdess in grave E41 1.12 
grave filled with foiol boiling water 

E4 11. 0.2.3 
helped to restore self V25 1 .3 
Excreta: why humans look at Al 599.4.1 
Execution: cancelled R176.1 

escaped by false confession Jl 189.5 
three knights K512.5 
Executioner: arm fix)zen in mid-air 
D2072.0.1, R176.1 
has sex with hanged woman 

T466.1 
spares wife and princelings 

K512.0.1.1 
spares woman K512.0.1.2 
unable to kill innocent woman 
H215 
Executor of will: does not pay masses for 

dead Q272.5 
Executors, usurer's will: no restitution, af- 
flicted with illness Q55 1.9.9 
Expenses, royal: exceed income J342.2 
Eye to the one-eyed person: remove re- 
maining eye to match J1512.2 
Eyes: fidl out, punishes blasphemy 
Q45 1. 7.0.4, Q55 1.6.5.2 
gouged out as punishment 

Q451.7.5 
mother orders son's eyes put out 

Q451.7.8 
removal of, cure for headache 

KlOll.l 
remove to repress lust T317.12 
sent to king who admired them 

T327 
wife removes one to match hus- 
band's loss T215 
Eyes tom out: magically replaced 
D2161.3.1.1 

Face: woman disfigures, saves self fixim 
kingT327.8.1 
youth disfigures, to avoid tempta- 
tion T333.3 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



245 



Faiiy gift: cloak protects from fear and 
sloth F312.1 
tunic proteas against evil-doing 
F312.1 
Falcon: attacks threatening eagle, wins 
L315.9 
dies, wax figure. Virgin revives 

E169 
eats chicks, hunters catch L302 
leaves hunter's hand, strangles 
B331.1.2 
Falcon lost: found miraculously 

D1816.2.2 
Fall: great height. Virgin saves woman 

V268.7 
Farmer: enemies wound. Virgin saves 
V264.6 
raises knife to God, fells, kills 
Q558.4.1 
Fast, failure to: devils, flames torment sin- 
ner Q223.9. 1.1 
dragon carries off sinner Q223.9.1 
Fasting: excessive, kills devotee of Virgin 
J557.2 
represses lust T317.4 
Fasts fifteen days: too lazy to eat, table of 

food Wl 11.1.3.1 
Father: chooses husband for daughter 
J482.2.2 
dies instead of son P233.12 
dismembers child, over depravity 

Sll.3.10 
dying overhears children's greed 

P236.8 
kills three children, over depravity 

Sll.3.9 
kills daugjiter, save from tyrant 

T314.1 
lets son play in river, both drown 

P233.16.1 
seeks to corrupt son, son leaves 

S11.9 
sees bad sons die, he dies Q586.1 
tests son's loyalty HI 569.04 
throws infent across stream P234.4 
tries to marry daughter T41 1 . 1 
weds daugjiter to man who pro- 
vides T69.6 
Father and son captured: one must die, 



fether dies Rl 53.3 
Father of slain son: forgives killer, asked 

by pope V44 1.2 
Father, Jewish: kills son wtio sang "Gaude 
Maria" E121.3.4 
Jewish, puts son in oven S1I.8 
Father's advice: find treasiore, dig soil in 
vineyard J 154 
in form of sententiae Jl 540.2 
weed small patch every day J 154.2 
Faults: emperor acknowledges patiendy 

W26.7.3 
Favorite: accused of disloyalty by coxortiers 
K2141.1 
to accompany king in retirement 
J1634 
Feast day: leatherworker, sews, needle in 
tiTroatQ223.1.3 
man uses sickle on D1206.1.1 
woman works, right arm affliaed 
Q223.1.2 
February: number of days, Caesar deter- 
mines All 61 
Feet: self-severed. Virgin restores V256.4.1 
twisted, tum to rear. Virgin cures 
V256.1.5.4 
Fields: set afire, owners burned to death 

K812.2 
Figjit: between sailors. Virgin intervenes 

V268.ll 
File: thought to be food J 1 772. 15 
Fingers: knuckles guide to prayers V52.7 
Fire: chapel, statue Virgin, unharmed 
V268.8.1 
church, image Viipn, Child, safe 

V268.8 
church. Virgin's relics unharmed 

V268.8.2 
kindled magically D2 158.1 
priest's throat, raped goddau^ter 

V465.1.1.5 
Virgin's veil extinguishes D2 158.2 
Firefly: thou^t to be fire J1761.3 
Firewood, magic: bleeds when cut D1298 
Fish: cau^t magically D2156.12 
keep litde one in net J321.2 
swallows hook, is caxoght K746. 1 
Fish for royal guests: Virgin Mary supplies 
magically D 1032. 1.1 



246 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Fishennan: feils to make fish dance to 
flute Jl 909.1 

goods to shipwrecked sailor, re- 
ward Q45. 0.1 
Five: magic number, five joys 
D1273.1.2.1 

magic number, five woxmds 
D1273. 1.2.2 
Five-fold death: prince cannot avoid 

M341.2.4 
Flatterer: punished, beheaded Q393.4 

reply to, "This arrow wound 
proves I am mortal" J 128 1.8 
Rea: bites, it is its nature Jl 179.5.1, 
K551.30, U120.1 

thinks it controls camel J953. 10.1.1 
Flesh of child: eaten by starving mother 

G72.2.1 
Flesh of children: king serves to fetfier 

G61 
Flies and stinging insects: afiOia enemy 

D2163.5.4 
Flies have eyes: only blind humans have 

soul's eyes J893.1 
Flies, sated preferred: over hungry ones 

J215.1 
Fli^t to heaven: eagjes pull vehicle, pun- 
ished L421 
Floating in river: man too lazy to drink 

Win. 1.5 
Flood: as punishment, Neptune, Athens 
A1018.4 

escape in boat (ark) A 1021 

Neptune punishes Athens A 163.2 

world without kings punished 
A1018.5 
Flood dried: bishop's prayers protect city 

D2151.9 
Flood waters: church saved fi?om by 

prayer D2 143. 1.3.1 
Flower grows fix)m moutfi of dead: Virgin 

causes, grave discovered V255.1 
Flute, extra hole in: valued more than 

mosque J372 
Fly: bite, create filth, make noise A2522.8 

dispute beauty with ants J242.6 

excommunicated D 1443.2 

on heretic's head J2102.3.1, 
N333.1 



threatens to bite mule, mule scorns 

J953.19 
Flying tower: touches neither earth nor 

sky F772.2.6 
Food: Christ's wounds sweeten D 1039.3 
generous man's supply replenished 

V331.1.11 
humble, chosen over ridi fare 

J245.2.1 
supplied magically D2105.2.1 
Fool: passes as wise, remains silent N685 
Foot severed: restored by Virgin Mary 

D2161.5.2.4.2, D2161.5.2.4.8 
Fornicating priest: disables power of holy 

water VI 32.2.2 
Fortvina: personified as goddess Nl 1 1 

personified as beautifiil equestrian 

Z134 
Fox: bears tail's wei^t, will not share it 

W156.1 
betrays wolf to eat his stores 

J1521.1.1,Q277.1 
blames tiiombush for injury J656.1 
bums tree with eagle's nest L3 1 5.3 
feigns illness, enters roost K828.2 
grapes, out of reach, they are sour 

J871 
great fox, squire lies, changes tale 

infearX904.2.1 
laps blood shed by goats, is killed 

J655.3 
lures wolf into well K810.1.2 
meal to stoik, flat dish W158.1 
plays dead to trap prey A2466.3 
punished for inhospitality Q292. 1 . 1 
rescued fi^m well, wolf trapped 

R141.2 
serves crane food in flat dish 

Jl 565.1 
sheds coat but not hean J1281.3.3 
tail not to be shared with ape J341.1 
tails tied together, set afire, destroy 

enemy K235 1.1 
tells lion, wolf skin is remedy 

K810.1 
tracks going in lion's den, none exit 

J644.1 
tricks: bear, fish with tale in ice 
K1021 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



247 



bird, head under wing 

K815.20 
cock to receive kiss of peace 

K721.2 
wolf into nearing ass's hoof 
K1075.1 
wears sheepskin, enters fold 
K828.1 
Fox plays dead: does not permit removal 

of heart J35 1.2 
Fox, and wolf: well, fox ascends, wolf des- 
cends K651 
Fox, cock: gnaws trunk, cock descends 

tree K8 15.21 
Friar: critic, idolatry, bad luck rest of life 
Q220.3 
hid bread, ate secretly, confesses 

V21.4 
prayers, without understanding 

V52.19 
promises rain to flock if tfiey pray 

D2143.1.3.1 
replaces goods stolen by other friar 

WILIS 
to desert, returns starving, bitten 
V3 16.3.1 
Friar leaves monastery to control anger: 
alone, he is angered filling jug J28 
Friar scorns garden work: waits hungrily 

in cell J2 15. 4.1 
Friends: oflfer to die for each other P3 1 5 
Friendship: mouse and dove A2493.36 
test of H1558.1, H1558.1.1, 
H1558.2, H1558.2.1, 
H1558.il 
Frog: demand a live king fix)m Jupiter 
J643.1 
fear increase of sun's power J6 13.1 
inflates self, bursts J955.1 
physician, unable to cure self 

J1062.1 
tries to be physician J952.6, 
K1955.0.4 
Fugitive: husband believes lover is 

X711.10 
Future: foretold by queen D1712.4 

Gallows: robber on, supponed by Virgin 
V254.1.1 



youth, supported by Santiago 
V221.6 
Gambler: blasphemes, tongue grows N9.2 
calls profenely on God's eyes 

C94.4.1 
curses Virgin Mary C94.1.4 
cuts out own tongue. Virgin Mary 

restores it D2 16 1.3 .6.1 
lost, threw stone at Virgin 
Q221. 3.6.2 
Gardener: punished, criticized God's 

weadier Q312.4 
Garland of roses: magically protects 

kni^tD2163.3.1.1 
Garment for Virgin Mary: woven by 

prayer D 1766. 1.3 
Gem: bird says she has precious gem in 
bodyJ21.12 
merchant hires artisan to polish 
gemstonejl 522.3 
Genesis: story prophesied by pagan 

M364.7.2.1 
Genitals: cut off by wife for adultery 
Q451.10 
woman's, magically re-li^t fires 
D2 158.1, Q492, T494.5 
Ghost: attack bishop, defend good priest 
E243 
kills evil person who mocked it 

E235.1 
returns, lover say mass, carnal sins 
T472.2 
Ghost, pope: kills evil successor Q55 1.9.7 
Giant: small hero defeats (Goliath) L311 
Gift: cardinal refuses, maintains liberty 
W35.4 
good, better, much better W 1 54.20 
magical, fairy gives hero, exchange 

for love F302.3 
recipient protests unworthiness, gift 
denied J1283.1 
Girl: age four, fiolly grown, articulate 
T59 1.0.3 
bleeding fipom eyes. Virgin revives 

E121.3.8 
Virgin promise heaven, no dancing 
V278 
Give and you shall be given: punning 
J1262.3.1 



248 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Glass: Ixeaks, spills poison, sign of cross 

V86.1.5 
Glass, magic: fix>m shiine cures sviflferer 

D1171.6.5 
Gloves and ring received in dream: sent 

for as proof D8 12. 16 
Glvrttons: floor gives way, they fall 

Q599.2.1 
Gluttony: monk prays, resists temptation 
V52.16 
monk's. Virgin reproaches 
V255.4.1 
Go-between: creates discord, husband, 
wife T452.5 
makes love with client's love 

T51.1.2 
maiiced doth, client, wife husband 

T481.23 
says puppy is woman who refused 

lover T452.3 
tells maiden sex act at ni^t unseen 

T459 
tells nun God cannot see in darit 

V465.1.2 
tells wife, wear lover's slippers 

Kl 584.1 
tells woman sex will solve problems 

T452.4 
tells woman, don magic slippers 

T481.27 
tricks maiden into sex with client 

J1745.1.1 
used repeatedly by failed lover 
T452.6 
Goat: daims holiness, hair for hair shirt 
A2311.10 
kept as pet, runs oflFB575.2.1 
raised in house, runs to wild goats 

U122.2 
thinks able to fight wolf L46 1.1 
Virgin sends to monastery for milk 
V262.1 
Goat, largest description of: all rope 
cannot hold it; eagles see K171.il 
Goats shed blood in fig^t: fox laps up 

blood, killed by goats J624. 1 
Goblet: planted in luggage, accuse theft 

K2155 
God: abducts princess, rapes her R39.2 



bad, good beasts created by 

Jl 262.6 
disguised as pilgrim sees dieft of 

pigD1817.0.1.7 
voice heard A139.6.1 
Goddaughter: has sex with godfather, 

three children T427 
Gold: foimd, hidden, burned, in fish, re- 
tum Z43.8 
thrown in sea, before it drowns 
owner U72.1 
Gold statue: reward to one who finds 

treasure QUI. 10 
Golden eggs: kill hen, get diem all at once 

J2129.3 
Good counsels bou^t: different prices 

J163.4 
Good deed: boasts of, man damned 
Q33 1.2.5 
reward for, lions spare life Ql 5 1 . 1 1 
Goose: crow tries to teach to fly Jl 849.6 

golden egg D876 
Grain: trickster covers partner's share 

K1712.1 
Grain to poor, promised: God to extin- 
guish fire, promise broken M242.4 
Grateful: man, he does not resemble toad 

W27.1 
Grave: cursed woman's, severed arm 
thrust out E41 1.0.6.1 
dead child's, hidden in stable 

E410.3 
flowering plant, leaves "ave" 

E63 1.0.2 
opens, sinner's body thrust out 

E41 1.0.2.3 
priesdy sex abuser's, bums 

E41 1.0.9.1 
rich man's, demons drag to un- 
blessed ground E41 1.0.2 
room in promised, body turns, 

makes room M251.1 
sinner's, malodorous E72 1.0.2 
sinner's speaks, says "I am burn- 
ing" E41 1.0.6.1 
Grave, golden: sages see, power no longer 

matters L413 
Greeks and Romans: disputation by signs 
H607.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



249 



GrifiBns: piill chariot througji air B552.1 
Guest: drinks foul water, at dinner vomits 
P324.2.1 
eat meat during Lent to please host 

P324.5 
leaves plate empty, bones on other 
guest's Jl 5 11. 21 

Hag: appears to festing youth, is lust 

T6 17.0.1 
Hailstorm: Virgin Mary protects vineyard 

D2 143.4.2 
Hair: burned to prevent witchcraft 
D2176.5 
fleeing man's, cau^t on tree limb 

K747 
not to cut until daugjiter wed 

M121.2 
queen not to bind until victory 
M122 
Hair bvjming: banishes evil gjiost 

E425.2.3 
Hair combings: turn wtote D 13 10.4.4 
Half-firiend, fether has: son has hvmdreds 

J4 10.0.2 
Hand: self-severed. Virgin restores 
V256.3.1 
severed for treachery Q451.1 
severed, replaced magically 

D2161.3.2 
severed, restored by Virgin Mary 
D2161.5.2.4.1, D2161.5.2.4.5 
severed, saint's restored V256.3 
withers, pvinishes broken oath 
Q559.5.2 
Hands and eyes: restored by Virgin Mary 

D2161.5.2.4.3 
Handsome: youth malodorous like rotting 

corpse U119.3 
Hangman: sex with body of hanged wo- 
man Q244.5 
Hare: fi-ogs are more timid than they 
J881.1 
race with wolf K264.3 
shows lion its reflection, lion afi^d 

K1715.1 
tells elephants moon is angry Kl 7 1 6 
Hawk: breaks promise, caught by hunters 
Q260 



eats ni^tingale chicks, caught 

J651.1.1,M205.4 
magically catches all prey B172.5.1 
Head: pagan's, soul is in hell E41 1 

severed, as trophies S139.2.2.1 
severed, enemy's in wineskin 

S169.4 
severed, Pompeys, Caesar weeps 

S 169.2 
severed, rapist's, to husband 

S169.5 
severed, repeats "Ave Maria" 

V254.7.1 
severed, seven sons, shown to 

fether M2.5,S169.3 
severed, speaks until confessed 
V254.7.2 
Headache: cured by Virgin Mary 
D2161.5.2.6 
Virgin cures nun's V256.1.1 
Healer: poisons king, seizes throne 

P16.1.6 
Heart: bears image of Virgin Mary 
D997.1.2 
martyr's, bears sign of cross V86.2 
moneylender's in strong box 
W153.1 
Heaven: dau^ter visits fetfier E481.1.4 
golden chairs, ^orious people 
V511.1 
Heaven, journey to: man, able to speak 

foreign tongues Fl 1 .3 
Heir: inheritance to poor V417.1 
Hell: daughter sees mother suffer 
E481.1.3 
monk travels to F88 
Hellfire: consumes avaricious woman, 
grave Q566.6 
hotter than earthly fire Q566.2 
lawyers special fire Q566.5 
rises fix)m grave of man in hell 
Q566.3 
Hemorrhage stopped: test of truth H252.7 
Hen: scratches grovind, so woman will 

seek men J99.4 
Herbivores: eat only what they need 

B299.12 
Herbs: power to resuscitate sought D978, 
E105 



250 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Heretic: excretes entrails Q225.1, Q415.8, 

Q559.il, V329 
hits fly, kiUs self J2102.3.1, N333.1 
power of Host converts V33 1 . 1 . 1 
two declarations, swears to truth of 

both Q263.5 
Hermit: asks God, wealth to benefector 

M201.0.1.2 
cvirses men who killed his bear 

M41 1.8.2 
dream of, kni^t will become king 

M314.5 
drunk, rapes, kills, executed 

V465.1.1.1 
feigns madness to return to cave 

K523.1.1 
finds coins in mouse's hole 

N534.7.2 
laughs alone, sad in company 

V462.1.1 
leave monastery, take wives, return 

penitent V477 
prayers bring bear companion 

D1766.1.10 
rescues seven abandoned prince- 
lings Rl 3 1.1 0.2 
secret sinner, blasphemous art 

K2064.1 
tempted by woman, confesses, 

saved V21 
tfirows money to tfiieves, no more 

fear U72 
to choose one sin, covetousness, 

lust, drunkenness J485 
woman at door of cave, disappears 

T332.2 
Hero: boy, kills count, batde, captures 

sons Z231 
conceived miraculously Z216 
engendered magically A5 1 1 . 1 .5. 1 
leads lion to cage by collar 

D2156.13 
welcomed to otherworld by women 

F174.2 
Hero-king's corpse: leads troops to viaory 

P12.5.0.1 
Heron leads mongoose to snake: mon- 
goose kills snake and heron 
Kl 632.1 



Hole, fill with sea water with spoon: like 

explaining Trinity J80.5 
Holy man: counsels emperor, no venge- 
ance against offenders J152.15 

cures hyena cubs, mother grateful 
Q51.3 

denies woman traveler audience 
T336.2.1 

dreads judgement in heaven 
J191.3 

helps others build cells J373 

in brothel to save whores, accused 
N347.2 

is surety for deacon R165 

feith, more convincing than here- 
tic's words J3 1.3 

kind words convert pagan L350.2 

moves dose to water, angel re- 
bukes him, moves J215.5 

never lau^s, lau^s when devil is 
discomfited F591.3 

piety rewarded, eleaed bishop 
Q39.2 

preadies after God restores sigjit 
Q20.4 

safe torn persecutor's fire V222.8 

shares bread with all comers 
Wll.2.5 

soul, sinner's surety, able to confess 
V20.1.3 
Holy water, removes demon's mark, 

man's face VI 32.2.1 
Honey: droplet, causes sequential tragic 
events N381,Z46.2 

on lips of baby, future orator 
M3 12.0.2 
Honey jar: hermit (woman) dream, future 

wealth, jar drops Z43.7 
Honors: judge refuses at price of honesty 

W35.3 
Horn, magic: saved fix)m fire D1222 
Horse: agrees to be saddled K192 

dying, wax figvire. Virgin revives 
E169.1 

fed milk of ass, acts like ass 
J1661.1.5 

finds lodgings for pious pilgrim 
Q28.1 

gait ijroves him son of ass HI 75.6 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



251 



grab's thiefs arm, foiled theft 

B401.2 
kneels before Host, will not rise 

V35.1.1 
magic, swift, neither eats nor drinks 

B184.1.1.4 
oppressor's, cannot cross stream 

V348 
overeats, dies of bloat W 1 5 1 . 1 1 
permits self to be saddled A2492.3 
thieves's horses unable cross river 

Q212.6 
unite against lion J1025.3 
walks like ass, son of ass U 12 1.6.1 
Hose of saint: protects woman 

D1385.19.1 
Host: ailing Jew attacks, blood cures him 

V39.10 
appears to priest as baby Jesus 

V34.8 
cleric drops, it restores self V34.9 
cures spider bite V34.10 
held high chases demons V34.7 
honored by king, kneels in mud 

D1841.1.2 
Jew puts in pig trou^, pigs respea 

itV35.1 
keeps dead person's goods K2294 
stolen, hidden in coif, head bleeds 

V35.4 
stolen, pigs kneel before container 

V35.3 
surrenders wife to guest P325 
transformed, dying man can swal- 
low V34.5 
Host's wife: threatened to ftighten guest 

P463.2 
Hostess: Virgin supplies wine for royal 

meal V262 
Humble man becomes king: cannot eat 

rich food J913.1 
Hundredfold: merchant digs up three 

hundred coins J1262.5.3.1 
Muslim leaves money to God, re- 
turn V412.4 
return of alms J1262.5.2, J1262.5.3 
steals coin for beggar, owes one 

hundred J1263.5.4 
wealth to God, returned V411.5.1 



Hunter: beats old dog, no longer useftil 
W 154.4 
fEills into she-devil's power G405 
horse lost liberty, foiled to catch 
stagU31.3 
Husband: absent, believes wife's child di- 
vine gift K1518.1.1, X71 1.12 
accuses wife: falsely, punished with 
leprosy K2 11 2.0.1 
of drunkenness, she accuses 
husband of murder, he is 
hanged U183 
she survives execution 
K2112.0.3 
assaults wife, abandons in woods 

S62.5 
barley, wife serves urine-soaked 

barley to X7 11.3 
believes: cat has made noise, not 
wife's lover K1516.3, 
T481.14 
had cut off wife's nose K1512, 

T481.10, X711.1 
lover is ftigitive fix)m street bul- 
lies K1517.1, T481.17, 
X711.9 
wife is unfaithftil, devil has her 

ringG303.9, V232.ll 
wife is unfaithful, leper in her 

bed K2 11 2.2 
wife to mate with god 
Kl 544.2. 1,T48 1.25 
blind, wife, lover in pear tree 

K1518 
blinded: breast milk in eye 
K1516.9,T481.13 
candle has blown out 

K1516.3, T481.15 
extended sheet K1516, 

T481.20, X711.ll 
eye treated (vinmer) K1516.1, 

T481.12, X711.8 
hair washed K1516.7 
ketde obscures view K1516.8, 
T481.16 
breaks wife's leg W 167.2 
chest, armed crossbow, warns wife 

S111.12, T254.4 
chicken house, hides in K1514.1, 



252 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



T481.il, X71 1.7 
corpse of, widow substitutes for 

hanged man, K22 1 3 . 1 , T23 1 .6 

drowns wife: after trivial argument 

S113.3,T255.1,W167.3 

sack thrown in sea V256.5.1.1 
drugged, tonsured, in monastery 

K1536 
excessively jealous, locked out 

K1511,T481.9,X711.4 
&lls on sword, wife is dead 

T211.3.1 
forbids wife to ask his name, or ori- 
gin C32.2.1 
genitals, angry wife cuts off 

Q451.10 
gifts to wife to test loyalty H479.3 
gives wife to devil for promised 

riches Ql 11.9 
gives wife to impotent prince 

J2199.5, K1544.2, T481.24, 

X712 
hollow threat, fails T25 1.2.3.2 
kills gluttonous wife, wants share of 

chicken W125.5.1 
kills wife, devil warns she is dan- 
gerous G303.10.5, J2301.4, 

K2155.4 
lets serpent bite him, saves wife 

T211.1.2 
loves other woman, Virgin Mary, 

wife stabs self E63.3 
outdoes wife in disagreeability 

T251.2 
oven, warns wife not to enter 

C610.0.1,H473.2, T254.5 
paints lamb, wife's stomach, chas- 
tity index H439.1.1, J1531.4, 

X711.6 
parrot, to report on wife's fidelity 

J1154.1,X711.5 
poisoned unguent, warns wife 

Slll.lO, H474.4.1,T254.1 
poisoned wine, warns wife 

S111.11,T254.6 
precautions fail, wife meets lover 

T481.9 
presumed impotent prince, wife 

enjoy T384 



proves wife's obedience, she agrees 

toaUH474.1,N12, T223 
pvinished for doubting wife, leprosy 

K2112.0.1, Q551.9.6 
sacrifices life to save wife T2 1 1 . 1 .2 
sends wife to apothecary (lover) 

Kl 544.2.1 
sends wife to lie with god 

Kl 544.2.1 
sent to battle to die (Uriah) 

K978.1.2,T471.0.5 
to deliver wife to devil for wealth 

Q111.9 
told of pursuit, hides in dovecote 

K1514.1 
tongue, binen ofiFby wife SI 63 
under bed, wife and lover in bed 

J2301.4.3, K1532.1, T481.22, 

X711.2 
Husband, wife: agree to be celibate 

T315.1 
enter religious orders, lapse T3 1 5.4 
good eye covered, lover leaves 

house Kl 5 16.1 
old wife plucks black hair, young 

grey J21 12.1 
penis compared to that of ass 

J 1744.2, X771 
sin, sex on holy eve T472.4 
vow chastity after baby is bom 

T315.5 
wife, given magic slippers by lover. 

Virgin Mary helps her remove 

them D1065.21, K1584.1, 

T481.27 
Hydrus: enters crocodile, kills fiom within 

F912, K952.1 
Hyena: brings food to hermit B437.2 
hermit cures cubs B381.3 



Identity: saint not to reveal identity to 

father C436 
Illegitimate: offspring, unable see magic 
doth T647.2 
prince, illegitimate, not forget line- 
age T646.2 
prince, unaware of fate of parents 
T646.3 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



253 



Illness: brings hviman closer to God 

J893.8 
mortal, king's. Virgin ctires 

V256.1.15 
sign of divine attention J893.6, 

J893.7 
Image: bishop moves, it moves back 

V129.1 
blamed for misfortune VI 23 
in&nt Jesus, child ofifers food 

V128.1.1 
in&nt Jesus, taken, woman son 

diedV125.1 
Jesus, nods head, approval V126.1 
Jesus, wounds nun leaving convent 

V122.1 
Image of Virgin Mary: angels protect 

image of Virgin V128.3.1 
appears to be in labor D 1622.4 
causes cloth to rise and fall V128.6 
causes mute man to speak VI 29.4 
convinces heretic of virgin birth 

V125.2 
keeps boy safe in oven V268.5.1 
keeps man fix)m killing VI 22.2 
king puts in church, cures V126.6 
kisses king's hands VI 29. 3 
moves, response to prayers to par- 
don sins V128.5 
raises arm, protects baby VI 28.3 
roars, quake, protects monk 

D2152.6,V129.2 
saves painter D 1639.2 
speaks to monk, not to leave order 

V126.2 
thrown in sea, fish die Q222.2.3 
tums away attackers V126.5 
washed, water cures scrofula 

V126.4 
wears sash that moves VI 29 
Image, impious: tums black near image of 

Virgin V121.1 
Impaled: vaginally, woman punished for 

lust Q495.2 
Impotence: devotion to Virgin causes 

T591.0.2 
in presence of image of Virgin 

T59 1.0.1 
Virgin cures lascivious knight 



T59 1.0.3 
Impotent: husband thinks wife's compan- 
ion is X712 
Imprisonment: lion's den, lions show res- 
pea R45.2 
Incest: brother, sister T415.9 
king, daughter T4 1 1 . 1 .3 
mother, spumed, cries rape 

CI 14.4 
nobleman's servant holds candle 

CI 14.3 
punished in this life and next Q242 
widow forgiven by Virgin Mary 
C114.1.1 
Incest with son-in-law, murder: confesses. 

Virgin saves her V21 .2 
Incest, brother-sister: woman bitten by 

spider Q242.5 
Incest, father-daughter: both struck by 

lightning Q242.2 
Incest, woman commits: cannot confess, 

prayers fi^ee her V2 1 . 1 . 1 
Income: king, major portion to poor 

Wl 1.2.4 
Incubus: holy man's token banishes 
F47 1.2.0.2 
woman asleep thinks having sex 
T475.2.2 
Incurable illness, most, what is: shameless 

daugjiter H659.35 
Industrious nun: thought mad, worthiest 

ofaUV461.1 
In&nt: abandoned, raised at royal court 
S354 
executioner abandons seven in 
wilderness SI 44.2 
In&nt Jesus: causes palms bend, give 
shade D171.9,V21 1.1.8.4 
chases dragons (serpents) away 

D1713.10, V211.8.5 
magic spring at foot of palm tree 
F933.1.2 
Ingratitude: human, in God's image not 

toad's Wl 54.29 
Injured person: leams to embrace offender 

J80.4.1 
Injuries: emperor must pardon injuries 

J811.5 
Injustice: e^qjlained by angel J225.0.4 



254 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Innkeqjer plants evidence of theft 
K2241.1 
steals pilgrim's goods K2241 
Inscription: on walls to teach J 168 
Insects: defeat enemy, bishop's prayers 

V57.6 
Insignia: Virgin's, protects Moroccan 

army V252.7 
Insiilt: abbot orders, banish lasciviousness 
K2372 
king permits, superior to insulted 

W26.6 

man endures, at city's gate W26.1 

throw blood-filled object at another 

P672.6 

Invaders: Virgin's image defeats V268.5.2 

Inventor: death machine, first victim 

K1681.1 
Invitation, grudging: accepted by hungry 

man J369.3 
Invulnerability: clothes confer Dl 845.2 
words of mass grants D 184 1.1. 4 
Invulnerability of saint: clothes unsoiled 
bymudD1841.1.2 
drinks poison and survives 

D 1840. 1.2.1 
sunders snakes widi bare hands 
D 1840. 1.2 
Iron-eating mice: one lie generates 
anotiierJ1531.2 



Jackal: accused of breaking fest K2141 

attacks tormentors, spares helpers 

W27.2 
stirs discord, between lion and bull 
K2131.2 
Jackal and cubs: gratefiil to rescuer 

B361.1 
Jar of honey: woman to market, dreams, 

drops Z43.7.1 
Jesus, image of infant: tells boy, will see 

him in heaven M34 1.1.5.3 
Jew: accept baptism, dead man revived 
V331.1.5 
beats saint's image, failed to pro- 
tea house V364.2 
captive, Virgin fi^es, converts 
V331.1.8 



child: father throws in oven, took 

communion S11.8, V363 
converted: dead hero's hand rises 

V331.1.12 
creditor: will convert, if debtor 

revived V360.4 
crucify wax figure of Jesus V364.5 
defeat devil, sign of cross, converts 

V360.1 
in hell, above bad Christians 

V360.5 
king protects, steward robs, punish 

V360.2 
knifes Host, bleeds, cured, converts 

V364.3 
punished, breaking commandments 

Q225.4 
revived after being bvimed in oven 

V363.1 
stabs image of Jesus, blood flows 

V364.1 
steals horse, lent to him W 154. 19 
steals Virgin's painting, dies 

V364.4 
warns, will steal other's goods 

V360.3 
Jezebel: fells from tower, dogs eat flesh 

Q33 1.2.3 
Joint depositors: all three must be present 

to claim Jl 22. 1.1 
Judge: accepted bribes, punished Q265.1 
ape judges dispute of fox and wolf 

B274.1 
bad, flayed, skin reminds son 

Q265.3 
bad temper, condemns unjustiy 

W185.5 
fox judges dispute of former, wolf 

B274.3 
fox judges dispute of man, snake 

B274.2 
reftises honors for felse judgement 

J1281.1.2 
Judge flayed, made into chair: son learns 

to be good judge J55.1, J167 
Judge not: sinner may have confessed 

J57 1.6.2 
Judgement Day: like execution day for 
criminals J1262.7.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



255 



Jupiter: bee offends asking lethal sting 
C51.4.1.1 



Kettle: held, look for holes, lover goes 

T481.16 
Kicking door of Virgin's church: leg 
breaks, loses sense, speech 
Q551.8.10 
Kid: obedient, denies entrance to wolf 

J142.3 
Kidney stones (gall stones): Virgin heals 

V256.4.2 
Kind: Christian, to Jew who stole his 

muleWll.17 
King: abdicates to live ascetic life PI 6. 1.6 
abdicates, son cmel, king returns 

P16.1.5 
advised to kill family and court 

N340.2.1 
angry, shoots courtier's son 

SllO.0.2 
asserts superiority to insulters 

J1281.2 
avoids giving money to friend 

J1283.2 
bestiality punished, live like beast 

L410.1.2 
blinds three treasonous brothers 

S73.3 
blows leper's nose, ruby left in 

cloth Q42. 10, V41 1.7 
cannot protea self from fly J913.2 
cannot take wealth with him J912.3 
captured, laughs at captor L416.1 
cares for subjects like physician 

L350.1.1 
chosen by people, eats at iron table 

P11.8 
converts, happy life of poor 

V331.10.2 
demands great privileges PI 3.9. 1 . 1 
disobeys law, enters court armed, 

kills self P19.4.2 
does not permit executions P 14.24 
evil, destroyed by divine power 

P16.1.3.1 
feigns illness, lures traitors K91 1 .6 
forbids tides to rise, fails L414 



forgives critics who were drunk 

P12.16 
goes among subjects secretly 

P14.19 
grants all wishes, none leave sad 

P19.3.1,V401 
hears subjects call him fool P14.19 
humble lineage, flattery not per- 
mitted J9 15 
humbled, all will be dust L410.1 
hunts, misses mass held by angel 

V49.2 
ignores plea, kills subjea's three 

sons M2.2 
in bathhouse, angel takes place 

L411 
in haste kills thousands N340.2 
invited to public execution, trapped 

K811.3 
man forced to become PH. 02 
murdered innocents, punished 

Q211.0.4 
never lau^s, punishes inquiries 

C4I1.1, P14.25, Q431.3.1 
offers drink to saint, saint to aide 

J914.2 
propounds riddles, clever minister 

solves H561.5 
proves sobriety, arrow in child's 

heart M2.3 
punished for war against Christians 

Q305.1 
says power is hollow, temporary 

P12.15 
sends woman captive back un- 
harmed P12.9 
sends woman's husband to battle 

K978.1.2,T471.0.5 
serves enemy flesh of sons J1281.7 
serves flesh of enemy's child 

SI 10.0.3 
serves flesh of subject's sons to him 

M2.3 
singes beard, saves self from barber 

J634.1 
son of baker, bread rewards 

J1661. 1.2.3 
spares life of stranger P14.26 
spends nights studying J 1 1 2 



256 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



stoned by hostile crowd K81 1.3 
uses young men sexually T464 
vows to convert for saint's cure 

M177.1.1 
worshiped, when wounded repents 
L410.1.1 
King David: dances before Ark J9 14.1 
King descends to bottom of sea: leams 

from fish J52.2 
King for a year: provides food on island 

exile J71 1.3, PI 1.7 
King improves kingdom: leaves it to sons 

J701.2 
King leaves bathhouse: wears rags, unrec- 
ognized J1072.3 
King vows to be contrary: asked to de- 
stroy city, saves it J1289.10 
King, bird injure each other: bird refuses 

reconciliation J 1 5. 1 
King, election of: one whose arrow kills 
four birds H17 1.0.1 
who will first see sun at daybreak 
H561.il 
King, wife: pray for son, she gives birth 

T526 
King's own son: to lose two eyes, king 

gives one M13, P233.14 
Kingdom: subjects, Christian prince, con- 
vert V331. 1.7 
Kingdom and hand of princess: reward 

for virtuous life Ql 12.0.5 
Kissing: empress's hands forbidden C604 
Kite: ailing, prayers denied, fouled altars 
U236.1 
carries so many partridges, drops 
all J5 14.1 
Knife, scissors: quarrel leads to wife's 

death SI 13.3, T255.1, W167.3 
Knight: asks captor, death over disloyalty 
Q72.1.1 
beats blasphemer J 1 164 
breaks tabu, set adrift in oarless 

boat C951 
cuts horseshoe with sword 

J 1289.24 
flees batde, calls on Santiago 

V229.7.3 
follows via cmcis, soul follows 
E754.2 



gave sword to duke not strength 

J1289.24 
hears mass, angel in batde for him 

V4 1.2.1 
hears mass, wins toumey in absen- 
tia V4 1.2 
illiterate, read only "Ave Maria" 

E631.0.2,J142.3 
lame, will stand and fi^t J 1494.1 
leaves wife in Virgin's care V261.4 
not go to heaven, if no birds, dogs 

U134 
promises pilgrimage, defeat Moors 

V229.7.2 
queen weds, no speech, subjects 

T121.3.3 
rapes nun, flight halted magically 

T47 1.0.2 
Knuckles: nun teaches use of, guide to 
prayer V52. 17 

Ladder: hell, bad Christian lower than 
JewQ563.1.2 
in hell, usurers at bottom Q273.5, 
Q563.1 
Lamb: flees dogs, hides among wolves 
K1111.4 
painted on wife, is ram after years 

H439.1.1,J1531.4 
prefers foster-mother, goat J391.1 
Lamb chooses death in temple: to being 

eaten by wolf J2 16.2 
Lameness: asset in batde, knigjat will not 

flee J 1494.1 
Lamp: altar, bum only olive oil VI 16.1 
device to supply oil for through the 
ni^tJ1012 
Land: grant, prayers obtain V57.9 

granted, prayers to Virgin, facilitate 
V52.24 
Language of animals: Aesop given magic 

knowledge B217.9, D1815.2 
Lapse of time: cleric spends three hun- 
dred years, returns F377.1.1 
in paradise, three years equals three 
daysF377.1 
Lawsuit: ape is judge B274.1 

between dog and sheep B270.4 
between wolf and fox B270.3 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



257 



fox, wolf suspects, cannot sue 

J1179.1.1 
stag, sheep, in presence of wolf 

P521.2 
wolf, fox; ape judge P521.1 
Lawsuit over property: plaintiff sleeps 

during trial Jl 162.5 
Lawyer: bathe in special hell fire P465.6 
bribed, lose (esquinanga / argengia) 

P465.3, X318.1 
cart as fee, loses, needed ox to pull 

X319.2 
dying: asks for appeal P465.4 

offers self to God, not peers 

P465.1 
refuses to be judged by peers 

X315.2 
says, "I appeal" X315 
fee, cart; opposition ox to pull it 

P465.2 
special place in hell X316 
stole church lands, nose cut off 

P465.5 
two fees, same case, higher wins 
K441.3.1 
Laziness: queen makes idle women spin 
Q321.1 
water drips in ear, brains out 
K171.12 
Leader: prays, soldiers rally, win battle 

V52.3 
Leaf: falls, mistaken for sky falling 

J1810.0.1 
Leatherworker: works feast day, needle in 

tiiroat M205.8 
Lecher: carries Gospel, whores reject him 

V52.1 
Leeches, sated: preferred over hungry 

onesJ215.1.3 
Leg: broken saves man fix>m ambush 

N178.1 
Lender forces borrower to lie: punished 

for damage to soul Q263.4.1 
Lentil, one lost: monkey lets fell others to 
find one J344.1 
soiqj prepared with only one 
J2469.1 
Leopard: fnat of adulterous union, cause 
of mutual enmity A2494. 12.11 



guide holy femily through desert 

B562.1.3 
traps lion in cave K730.3 
why leopard is aggressive A2562 
Leper: king to blow nose; ruby in doth 

V411.7 
Lepers, cleansing lesions: first cured, re- 
fuses to help other W159.1 
Leprosy: pilgrim's. Virgin cures V256.4.3 
punishment, penance pilgrimage 
Q522.4.1 
Leprosy to accuser: calumniated wife's 

innocence Q55 1.9.6 
Letter: altered, care for wife, kill wife 
K2117.1 
certify dead had hundredfold re- 
ward V412.4 
forged, accuse man of treason 

K2156.1 
reward delayed. Virgin intervenes 

V52.20 
substituted letter accuses felsely 
K2117 
Letter in hand of dead convert: removed 

only by bishop D 1 654. 1 1 .2 
Letter in hand of dead saint: removed 

only by pope D 1654.1 1 
Letter, forgery: evidence of treason. Virgin 

saves accused K2103 
Liar: rewarded by ape-king J8 15.1 
Liar, greatest: water drips in ear, brain out 

K171.12 
Life: spared, loyalty valued over liberty 

Q151.8.1 
Lighming: cleaves blasphemer in two 
F968.1.2, Q552.1.8.2 
cleaves creditor w^o cursed God 

Q552.1 
impossible to avoid, emperor struck 

N174.1 
kills mother, accused son, rape 

Q552. 1.7.1 
kills saint's felse accuser F968.1.1, 
Q552.1.7 
Li^tning, emperor fearfiil of: out hunting 

struck by lightning J656.2 
Lion: allows self to be roped by monks 
J1849>5 
brings food to rescuer B361 



258 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



carries ofiF child R13.1.2 

dinner party of meat served, pig 

leaves, eats acorns U 147.1 
escapes cage, courtiers flee W121.9 
follows man wtio rescued him/her 

B301.8 
grateful for: removal of thorn fix>m 
paw B381 
rescue B30 1.8 
rescue torn snake B374.1 
grateful to mouse for release 

B363.1.1 
injvired by man refuses reconcili- 
ation B336 
king of beasts B240.4 
led peacefully to cage by hero 

D2156.13 
male lion kills adulterous mate 

A2497.2 
oflFers to cure horse, kicked 

K1955.0.2 
saves diild, nurtures it B535.0.15 
spares: Androcles B525 
Daniel B525.2 
mouse B363. 1.1 
saintly woman B525.1 
tells sons to fear man J22.1 
Lion and ass: ass laughs, lion ignores 

J411.1 
Lion and statue (sculpted by human): de- 
picts human supremacy J1454 
Lion disregards warning: seeks out man, is 

caught and beaten J 17.2 
Lion kills wolf for taking greater share: fox 

leams to take little J51 . 1, J81 1 . 1 
Lion king: avenges mistreatment of vassals 

P50.0.2 
Lion raised by man: cannot forgive insults 

J15.2 
Lion, dinner party of: cats guests, served 

rats, moles U147.3 
Lion, man: agree not to toudi, man uses 

clubKSlO.l.l 
Lion's breath: kills those who say it smells 

J811.2.1 
List of sins: left on altar, later is blank 
V21.9 
outwei^ moneychanger's gold 
V21.8 



Liver: removed, passerby requests it to 

feed cat X22 
Loan repayment: arrives miraculously by 

sea P525.4 
Loaves and fishes: multiplied by Jesus 

D2106.1.5 
Locked out: husband, wife tricks X71L4 
Logic: parentage of horse, runs like ass 

F645.3 
Logic applied: perceives worm in warm 

stone F642.4.1 
Lost &lcon: Virgin Mary helps find it 

D1816.2.2 
Lost ring: found in fish belly D1816.2. 1.1 
returned by Virgin Mary D1816.2.5 
Lost sheep: returned by Virgin Mary 

D1816.2.3 
Lot's wife: pillar of salt Q22 1.5.1 
Lots: queen casts to see future N126.3 
Love-sickness: cured by marriage 
F950.8.1,T24.1,T24.9 
&ther sends own concubine to son 

to cure him T24. 10 
fiiend gives betrothed, cures fiiend 

T24.9 
princess, cured by marriage T24.1 
Lovelom: knight. Virgin helps forget loss 

V279 
Lover: caught in net, humiliated, sus- 
pended mid-tower K 1 2 1 1 . 1 . 2 
disguised as pursuer and fiigitive 

K1517.1 
enters bedchamber in basket 

Kl 343.1 
fugitive fi-om street ruffians 

K1517.1.2, T481.18 
hidden, wife sends husband for 

kindling Kl 52 1.4.1 
in basket, humiliated, suspended 

mid-tower K1211 
meet, man is prisoner T32.2 
quarrels about escape route J581.2 
speak through hole in wall T4 1 . 1 
treacherous, leaves Dido K2232.1 
Lucretia seduced: threatened witfi loss of 

honor K1397 
Lust: man, fireed from lustful behavior 
V252.5 
personified as Venus Z127.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



259 



repressed by fasting T317.4 
repressed, crawds throii^ thorns 

T333.6 
stimulated by actions of cock and 
hen T3 17. 10 
Lust, gluttony, gambling: curable, lying is 

not U235 
Lustful: man, chaste for brief periods 

U130.2 
Lustful thoughts: monk must pray 
T317.2.1 
repressed by seeing suffering 

T317.1.1 
repressed, removing eyes T317.1.2 
Lying: incurable, other sins are not 
U235 

Madman: in rich man's garb, unrecog- 
nized J1072.4 
questions good sense of hunters 

J156.5 
warns against other madman in 
bathX54.1 
Madness: caused by grief F1041. 8.2 
cure for, stand in water J 1434 
cured by Virgin Mary F959.6.3, 
F1041.8.2 
Maggots in nun's wound: transformed 

into jewels D470.2, V222.15 
Magician: defeated by scripture 
D1745.1.1 
protects self, demons, sign of cross 

V86.1.9 
shows pupil reality D2031.5 
Maiden: told sex at night not seen by 

GodJ1745.1.1 
Maidens: one hundred, tribute to enemy 

S262.2 
Maidservant: go-between, tells woman to 
don magic slippers sent by knight 
Kl 584.1 
Man: burden of precious stones, drowns 
J651.2 
created in God's image A1212.1 
granted fipeedom fix)m desires 

T310.2 
in coffin. Virgin revives E63.4 
in peril, comforts self with honey 
J861.1 



maligns bishop, bites off tongue 

Q393.0.1 
never known unhappiness, pun- 
ished L424 
perched on branch, ignores danger, 

eats honey, fells J65 1 .3 
returns from heaven knows wiio 

will die, pestilence M341.0.6 
returns from hell, bathes in icy 

water V5 11.2.7 
thougjit to be devil by lion J1781.4 
tied to stake, tempted, bite tongue 

T333.2.2 
transformation to woman D 12.01 
treacherous, winks at both buyer, 

seUerWni.l 
unworthy, looks heavenward, re- 
warded Q61 
wants three wives, marries one, 
debilitated by love J21 .32 
Manger: dog in, no need, not give it up 

W156 
Mande: signal, lovers' rendezvous 

T4 1.3.1 
Marriage of cleric: cure for illness. Virgin 
reproaches F950.4.1 
woman counsels maiden to wed, 
rebuked Tl 3 1.1. 4 
Mask: mistaken for face J1793, Ul 1 1.1.1 
Mass: protects from snake venom 

D1515.2.2 
Master: servant saves life, solves riddle for 

servant J151. 1.1 
Master, when angry: withholds punish- 
ment J57 1.4.2 
Mastiff: magically brings down all prey 

B182.1.3.2 
Matchmaker: Virgin helps woman to wed 

her love T53.4.1 
Mayor: takes church lands, &lls ill 

Q222.4.1 
Measure land with hide of ox: cut into 

long diin strips HI 584.3 
Measiiring the dregs: fitiud detected by 

Jl 176.2 
Meat: ascetic vows not to eat meat 
C221.0.1 
belonging to lion, put in jackal's 
room K2 155. 1.3 



260 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



eating on Sabbath forbidden 

C221.0.2 
men eat meat on Sabbath, lose 

battle C221.0.2 
f)oor saint serves during Lent 
C235.1 
Medicine, bitter for weaning: like bitter 

punishment for carnality J81.7 
Merchant: denies pay to artisan, play 
music Jl 522.3 
gold to God, dig, find hundredfold 

V41 1.5.1 
requests music, refiises payment 

K231.2.2 
storm. Virgin restores broken mast 

V268.4.3 
tfiieves throw in sea. Virgin saves 

V264.7 
worries over goods on sh^) at sea 
C777.1 
Messenger: &ce, marked by devil 
J1263.1.7 
to arrange death, first to arrive, 
burned to death K1612 
Military leader: discards arms and prays 

D2163.5.3 
Milk: baby forbidden to have wemurse 
C271.1, M312.0.4.1 
Virgin Mary's cures dying monk 

V256.1.2 
Virgin Mary's cures seizures 

V256. 1.2.1 
saint's motfier, nursed own chil- 
dren P23 1.3 
Mill, w^o will inherit: greatest liar 

K171.12 
Miller, son, ass: not to heed opinions of 

others Jl 04 1.2 
Minerva: naming of Athens, dispute 

A163.2 
Minister: advise taxes, debased coinage 
K2248.0.1 
banished, recalled to court Pill 
£Etlsely accused, cleverness saves 

K2101 
falsely accused, Virgin Mary saves 

K2101.2 
spares royal wife, pardoned PI 1 1 ,1 
Minstrel: waylaid. Virgin saves V264.8 



Miscreant: hidden in hollow tree, smoked 

out Jl 172.3.3 
Miser: in grave, demons throw gold in 

tfiroat Q272.4.1 
lid of chest falls, breaks neck 

Q272.2 
teased into giving bread to poor 

N67.1 
tries to eat gold, chokes to death 

Q272.3 
Virgin grants thirty days to repent 

Q272.6 
woman, gold, heU fire consumes 

Q272.4 
Monastery swallowed by eardi: reappears 

magically after year F94 1.2.2.1 
Money: devil advises saving for future 

U72.2 
given to poor, safe firom thieves 

J347.6,W1 1.3.1 
returns to owner, series of events 

N212.2 
saving for future care, sin U72.2 
tied to hare, for rapid repayment 

J1881.2.2 
Money in the stick: literal repayment of 

debt Jl 161.4, K236.5 
Moneylender: dead, hean found in money 

chest P435. 14 
deceived, chests filled with sand 

K1667.2, P435.15 
Mongoose: tricks heron, eats snake, and 

heron A2494. 12.2, K40 1.1.1 
Monk: abstinence fix)m meat, prideful 

L491 
acciises other, attend own &ults 

K2131.6 
adomed with silk, silver, punished 

Q332 
ascetic teaches, give up worid 

V462.2.5 
attention to possessions rebuked 

L491.1 
avoids sin, told to esqperience it first 

U231.2 
beast kills, entry in heaven 

Q172.0.4 
burned alive, adiieve martyrdom 

Q414 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



261 



bums finger tips, repress lust 

T333.2 
busy, no prayers. Virgin pardons 

V276.2 
chooses contemplative life J495 
chooses work over contemplation 

J215.4 
cures hyena cubs' blindness, re- 
warded B38 1.3 
deathbed, had eaten \dien &sting 

K2058.3 
desert, longs for wife T317.2 
devil, in woman's shape, tempted 

byT332 
devil, victualler tempts, prays, saves 

selfG303.16.2.1.1 
devils menace, call on Virgin to 

save them G303.16.1.3 
disobeys, lifts plate, releases mouse 

H1554.1,J29 
dissatisfied, must accept God's will 

W128.5 
drives demons out of attacker 

D2176.3.4 
dying, fears seeing woman he loved 

T336 
dying, scolds brothers for gossip 

Q393.3 
enemies quarrel, thief to steal cow, 

devil his soul J58 1.2 
erysipelas if commits perjury 

Q55 1.9.2.1 
flees devil, devil in city too V477.1 
flees. Virgin appears, to finish robe 

V276.1.1 
follows bird of paradise, returns 

after two hundred years 

D2011.1 
goes to desert, avoid temptation 

T334.1 
hides book in other's bed 

K2I55.1.2 
inexperienced, told woman is goat, 

carmot eat goat Jl 745.5, 

T371.2, T617.3, X457.4 
knows who will die, including self 

M341.0.4 
learn fi-om prisoners, ask where 

judge is, when come X457.2 



life like an ass's, constant work 

V461.13 
lives where criticized, avoids flattery 

V461.6 
lives with temptation, strengthens 

V462.12 
loses temper at pitdier, breaks it 

W185.4 
no cooked food, pride rebuked 

L491.2 
old, knows to keep own counsel 

V461.ll 
pains of people, not prayed for 

Q220.2 
penance: await soul in cave, soul 

returns E752.2.1 
punished, wolves, bears eat sheep 

Q414 
rebuked for fault-finding L435.1.1 
reforms whores, accused falsely 

K2176 
refiises wine, singularity rebuked 

L492 
repents, devil denied his soul 

E754.1.10 
replaces gold with ashes, flees 

K476.1.3 
rescued fix)m dragon, retvims 

R167.1 
rescued fix)m hell, soul retvims 

V511.2.1 
salutes Virgin's image, safe fix)m 

devil VI 26.3 
scolds others for sin, sins himself 

U231.1 
see his sister, she must dress mod- 
estly T336.2.2 
sees devil, goes out, sees more 

U230.0.1 
sent for manure, returns with lion 

J1849.5,J2461.9, X457.3 
share bread with poor, magically 

replenish Q141.1 
si^t restored to preach to otfiers 

V345.1 
silence justified with scripture 

J1074.1.5 
survives burning cell D 184 1.3 
tempted, holy man prays, monk 



262 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



must pray too V52. 1 . 1 
thou^ts of fornication distraa 

V465. 1.1.6 
to leave monastery. Virgin saves 

V265.2 
told not to go to city, fornicates, 

fathers child J2 1.53 
treacherous, kills friend's bear 

K2284.0.2 
unwilling to speak, admonished 

L494 
vows silence, can see departing 

souls of dying E721.il 
wants pagan woman, sign of sin 

V345 
wants to leave monastery T334. 1 .2 
Monkey: flesh of, cure for illness B335.2 
have king B24 1.2.2 
heart, cure for disease K544, 

K961.1 
imitates carpenter, crushes genitals 

Q341.1 
steals merchant's stolen coins 
Q595.6 
Monkey-king: punishes traveler who tells 

trutfi, eyes tom out D2161.3.1.1 
Monogamy: storks and lions practice 

A2497.2 
Monster: half-human, half-fish B80.2 
Months: February, days determined by 
Caesar Al 161 
naming of, Rome Al 162 
Monviment: sign of king's mortality 

J912.2 
Moon: looks like cheese in well, wolf 

J1791.3, K810.1.2 
Moonbeam: thief to climb down to exit 

house K1054 
Moorish: army destroyed by Virgin who 
saves city, destroys V268.3 
child, Virgin Mary revives. Mother 

converts E121.3.2 
pirates, forced to return to port, 
Virgin caused storm 
D2141.0.9 
slave, Virgin Mary appears, frees 

frxjmdevil V331.1.9 
woman, son of. Virgin revives, con- 
verts V331. 1.13 



woman, son, batdements, spared, 

gratefril converts V33 1.11 
Moors: abdua holy man, ships cannot 

sail R12.2.2 
attack church, blinded, maimed 

V111.4 
Moribund refiises sacrament: ofiered by 

inferiors J1261. 4.1 
Mosquitoes, horse flies: sting Pharaoh 

L392.1 
Mother: breaks vow, diild dies, Virgin 

saves M205.6 
curses children who mistreated her 

M41 1.1.3, P232.4 
invader's persuades him to be mer- 

cifiilJ816.6 
kills children, husband has lover 

S12.4.1 
kills newborns, &ther is godfrither 

S12.2.4 
kills, eats diild during siege SI 2.2 
king's, urges clemency J8 16. 5 
lover kills child, guard secret 

S12.3.1 
plans to kill newborn. Virgin saves 

S12.2.5 
pledges son as security for loan 

P524.3 
rebuflfed by son, accuses rape 

K2111.5, T412.6 
rescue selves, step on, over chil- 
dren, in flood SI 2.2.2.4 
son's eyes put out SI 2.4 
throws child into sea SI 2.6 
treats son as husband T412.5 
Virgin saves baby, walk on sea, 

safety V268.4.6 
Mother's milk: spray in husband's eye, 

lover goes T48 1.13 
Mother-in-law: accused of incest with 

son-in-law T4 1 7 .2 
kills son-in-law, rejected advances 

S12.3.2 
orders son-in-law's murder 

K959.7 
puts slave in daughter-in-law's bed 

K2218 
says dau^ter-in-law gave birth to 

seven hounds K21 1 5 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



263 



Movintain: falls, seals ofif captives 
D2152.1.2 
God causes to fall on enemy 

D2152.1.1 
in labor, gives birth to mouse 

U114 
leveled by prayer D2 1 52. 1 ' 

moved by prayer V57.7 
Mountain woman: grotesque long breasts 

F460.1.2 
Mouse: gnaws net: frees doves A2493.36, 
B437.2.1 
frees lion B437.2 
to free animal B545.2; 
pleads inebriety, breaks promise, 

J1319.2, M205.0.3, X803 
stronger, sun, wind, clouds, moun- 
tain L392 
torments bull L315.2 
Mule: ashamed of low-bom father, ass 
J80.5,J954.1 
half-flayed. Virgin revives E171 
identity written on hoof, kicks fox 
J1608.1 
Mvirder: in church, punishment, erysipe- 
las Q222.5 
man, accused of. Virgin saves 
K2116.5.1 
Muslim, leaves money to Christian God 

V412.4 
Mute: sees demons carry off souls 

D1821.7 
Muteness cured by need to wam of dan- 
ger F954.5 



Nails: metal, from crucifixion, given to 

emperor VI 01 
Naive wife: thinks all men have bad 

breath X772.2 
Naive young woman: compares husband's 
penis with ass's J1744.2, X771 
sodomy, youth, ass, gives sense 

X772.1 
thinks sex at night, not seen by 
God X772 
Naked captive: covers self, sign of lasdv- 

iousness T472. 1 
Nakedness: shame for Al 383.1 



Nebuchadnezzar: Daniel, lions, converted 
to Judaism V336 
impiety, wander naked, eat grass 
Q220.6 
Necklace: returned by Virgin Mary 

D1816.2.2 
Neglect to attend church: man sees his 

place in hell Q225.5 
Neighbor: saves sheep from wolf, eats it 

J 1374 
Nephew: mvirders uncle, caught, killed 
Q211.0.5, S74 
treacherous, kills unde for money 
K2217.1 
Neptune: naming of Athens, dispute 

A163.2 
Nero: vision of in hell with lawyers 

V511.2.4 
Net: lover suspended in T495.3 
Newborn: adrift in chest SI 44.3 

deathly ill, Virgin cures V257 
Nightingale: not endure hoopoe's nest 
filth U144 
why sing at night A2491.6, U144 
Niobe: challenges goddess's fecundity 

C54.1 
No bad news: pup dead, events mount in 

horror Z46.1 
Noble: and son both enter monastery 
J1289.10.1 
forces son to return to lay life 

J1289.10.1 
gives up fine garments in monas- 
tery J922.1 
Noble wife: kills self, escapes emperor's 
desires T326.4 
leaps into fire with sons, escapes 
invaders T326.5 
Non-believer: sign of cross, saves bishop 

T331.10 
Nose: bitten off by son on gallows Q586 
cut off, mark of perjtary, theft 

P465.5 
cut ofif, punishment for theft 

Q451.5.2 
cut oflF, barber's wife K1512, 

T421.10. X711.1 
poison, straw, inserted in K1613.1, 
T451.3 



264 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



thief s grows, seals off mouth 

Q551.6.4 
Not the same piorse as was lost: greedy 

owner foiled J1172.1 
Novice: prays, fieed fix)m antics W189.1 
Nun: ashamed of sexuality, cannot 

confess V22.4 
eats unblessed lettuce, 

G303. 16.2.3.4 
endures insults of sisters W26.8 
leaves convent. Virgin takes place 

V264.3.1 
prays rapidly. Virgin helps slow 

down V51.6 
prays Virgin show son, she does 

V277.1 
punished for impatience Q327 
raped by kni^t, magically reins his 

horse Q244.2,T47 1.0.2 
returns from hell to warn sisters 

Q560.2.4 
returns, says no respite in hell 

V511.2.6 
sends eyes to king who wants them 

T327.1 
talkative, corpse halved, half bums 

Q221.3.4, Q393.1 
Virgin stops her leaving convent 

V265 
vision, heavenly temple V511 . 1 .5 



Obedience: of wife, wager N12 

valued over all other qualities 
W31.2 
Obedience, test o£ man warns against 
poison unguent H473.3.1 
not to enter oven H473.2 
wife agrees with absurdities H474. 1 
Odor, foul: of stable, rustic prefers over 
spices U133.2 
foul, sinner's food U233.1 
sin, fouler tfian rotting corpse 
U233 
OflBce-seeker: denied post, for use of per- 
fume J1281. 6 
Ointment: revives drowned woman El 01 
Omen: bird drops serpent egg in lap 
D1812.5.2.12 



bird lands on head D1812.5.0.2 
crested chick good omen 

D1812.5.2.13 
crows birds of ill omen B147.2.2.1 
crows seen on left bad omen 

B147.2.2.1.1 
ecl?)se evil D1812.5. 1.4 
two crows good omen B147.2.1.1 
Omens sneezing (flatulence): wolf leaves 

food for better Dl 8 12.5.0.1 
One devil suffices for usurer's dwelling: 
many needed for monastery 
G303.25.3.1 
Ordeal: boiling oil, saint not hurt H221.3 
jumping ftom height, innocent wife 

unharmed H412.7.3 
red-hot iron, saint walks on 

H221.2 
repeated, woman bumed cold iron 

H22 1.2.3 
woman confesses, can handle red- 
hot iron H22 1.2.3 
Otherworid: journey to, oarless boat 
F129.4 
queen, second si^t (past only) 
F185 
Oven: collapses, husband warns wife 
S113.4 
woman forbidden to enter 
C610.01,H473.2 
Overboard: husband killed, wife throws 
selfT215.12 
priest prays, swept back on stvp 
V52.6.1 
Overhearing: king tells revilers to move 

along J 128 1.4 
Overhears, husband: wife tells lover she 
loves husband Kl 532.1, T481.22, 
X711.2 
Owl: hatched by hawk, ejected Q432. 1 
king of birds B242. 1.8 
song portends death B39.2 
mother, calls chicks most beautiful 

T681.1 
war between owls and crows 
A2494.13.14,B261.1,K477.4, 
K2042 
Ox: hides fugitive stag B41 1.2, R243.2 
yoking of, origin A1441.2 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



265 



young and old yoked together 
J441.1 
Ox-hide measure: deceptive land purchase 
K185.1 



Paa with devil: for worldly success 
M217.1 
owns body and soiol, disappears 

M211.1 
to get desired woman M217 
Virgin regains, saves signer M211, 
V264.1 
Pagan: beats rude monk, admires saint 
J817.4 
philosopher, converts after debate 

V331.10 
priest converts, saint's goodness 

V331.10.1 
told of Christianity, baptized V332 
Pain cured: prayer and celibacy 

D1766.1.4 
Painter: devil takes scaffold. Virgin saves 

V264.1.2 
Painting on wife's stomach: chastity index 

H439.1.1, J2301.4.12, X711.6 
Palace: elegant, king's beard only place, 
spitXSOl 
entry to forbidden C603 
rosewater lagoons, spice sugar 
F77 1.2.4.1 
Panther: avenges injiaries done him/her 
B299.1.2, Q385 
sweet smell attrarts other animals 
B732 
Paradise lost: forbidden fi\iit A1331.1 

one sin A1331 
Paralysis: blow to head. Virgin cures 
V256.1.5.3 
Virgin cures woman's V256.1.5 
Paralyzed: man vows pilgrimage. Virgin 

cures V256. 1.6 
Parents: must chastise children when 

young P230.4 
Parrot: tricked into giving false repon 

J1154.1, X711.5 
Parrots, cannot speak foreign tongue: 
learn accusation in foreign- tongue 
J1152 



Partridges: doubt that teary hunter to kill 

them J 1064.3 
Passage: payment for, slap of fox's tail 

M205.0.2,W154.5.1 
Paternity: son and father eat raw meat 

U121.4 
Paternity, test of: son to shoot arrows at 

corpse H486.2 
Patience: man endures insults, gates of 

cityW26.1 
Payment: choices: forty marks, take 
blows, eat forty onions J210.3 
for passage, fox hits boatman with 
tail M205.0.2,W1 54.5.1 
Peace fable: fox lures cock from tree 

J1421 
Peace of mind: work and prayer J94. 1 
Peacock: ashamed of ugly feet A2232.7 
envies ni^tingale's voice W128.4 
Peacock and crane: dispute usefulness 

J242.5 
Pear tree: lovers in, cure blind husband 

T481.21 
Peasant: ashamed of being thrown by ass 
J411.4 
betrays fox, winking K2315 
Pebbles in water jug: crow drops, water 

level rises JlOl 
Penance: embrace next creature seen, is 
serpent who kills him, man 
goes to heaven Q172.4 
for each of seven mortal sins 

Q535.2.2 
given three days, sinner fails 

Q223.8 
grave, sinner kill, mild sirmer re- 
pent L36 1.1 
king, agrees to postpone death sen- 
tences Q520.4 
lion forgoes meat Q535.2 
man dies before he has chance 

Q223.8.2 
true, effective, time j)eriod vinim- 
portantJ557.1.1 
Penis: naive bride compares husband's 
with ass's J 1 744.2, X771 
unfeithfiil lover's, cut off Si 76 
Pennant, magic: ensures victory 
D1400.1.16 



266 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Perfection: saints not equal to two saintly 

women U15.2 
Persecutor: of Christians, struck down 

Q225.4.1 
Pestilence: cured by mass V41.3 
Pharaoh: disobeys God, drowned in Red 

Sea Q220.5, W126.2 
Philosopher: advises courtier, deceive king 

J152.8 
answers riddle for king J152.17 
confines self and pupil six months 

J152.ll 
deep in study, killed by marauders 

J235.1 
does not believe friend maligned 

himP317.1 
king to act contrary to advice of, 

advises destroy city J 1289. 10, 

M203.4 
lives in earthenware vessel J 152.1 
reads gloomy epitaph, becomes 

hermit J30.01 
re-interprets royal dream J 152. 16 
retreats to countryside T334.1.1 
simple man tells, wisdom preceded 

learning J1217.2 
spits in king's beard J 1566.1 
studies, forgets to lift food to 

mouth J235.2 
superior to king, guided by reason 

J152.14 
tells fiither to marry daughter to 

good man Jl 52. 18 
tells kni^ts that robbing is wrong 

J152.9 
urinates wivie walking, keeps feet 

cool, escapes odor J 152.7 
woman ridicules, rides him like 

horse X742.1 
woman tricks, rides him on all 

foursK1215 
writes royal epitaph J152.13 
Philosophers see disparity: between golden 

tomb and reality J30.02 
Philosophy: personified gives infant magi- 
cal shirt F312.1, Z139.9 
Phoenix: renews youth B32.1 
Physical attributes: reveal evil nature 
U129.5 



Physician: falsely accused, vindicated 

K2101.1 
offers to poison king K2041.1, 

K2292 
sham: crow, to cure eagle's eyes, 

blinds him K1955.2.2 
fix)g tries to be, sham recognized 

K1955.0.4 
has universal cure, needs camels, 

money to find it K1955.10 
lion asks to cure horse Kl 955.0.2 
poisons princess, king poisons him 

K1613.6 
warns tyrant, only he can cure 

J1289.25 
wolf pretends to help sow give 

birth Kl 955.0.1 
wolf will treat sick ass K1955.0.3 
Physiognomist's nature: contradicts his 

feauiresH1551 
Pig: fiiends with sheep, carried ofl" 

J411.5.1 
shriek on way to slaugjiter J 1662 
waits under fig tree, ape throws figs 

J514.4 
Pig's feet: too many in pot Jl 539.2.1 
Pigeon: wrongly kills mate for stealing 

wheat N346 
Pilgrim: aids all, falls ill, Santiago saves 

himV418 
castrates self, atone for fornication 

E121.3.1,T333.4 
fears purgatory, goes to heaven 

Q28.3, V85.3 
follows via cruets, prays to die 

Q172.0.5, V85.1 
helped by Santiago in fi^t Q28.4 
insincere, Virgin transports to altar 

V277.4 
li^tning strikes. Virgin revives 

E63.5 
lost in mountains. Virgin guides 

V268.4.4 
sees Virgin, angels, dies, to heaven 

V510.4 
Virgin rescues in sinking ship 

V264.2 
warns against pilgrimages, pun- 
ished V85.4 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



267 



woman, &lls ill, climbs celestial 
light Q28.2 
Pilgrimage: knight in Jerusalem, to heaven 
E754.2, Q172.0.5 
woman dies, goes directly to 
heaven Q28.2 
Pine and thom bush: dispute usefialness 

J242.5 
Pious man: heretics cut out tongue 
Q45 1.4.6.1 
in alley of whores J453 
Pirate: does what emperor does J1289.22, 

U11.2 
Pirates: abdua princess R12.1 

rescue young woman, attack 

R169.15.1 
Virgin Mary causes storm, forced 
to return to port D2141.0.9 
Pitch: sulphur, red-hot metal, applied to 

sinners in hell Q569.7 
Pitcher, magic: Virgin Mary's tears fill it 

D1171.7.2 
Pitchforks: devils wrench souls with 

Q569.6 
Plague: visited on saint's attacker 

Q55 1.9.3 
Plants: mature in miraculously short time 

FBI 5.1 
Plants, wild: grow better, God tends them 

J1033 
Platter: putrid matter. Virgin brings to sin- 
ner V277.3 
Plotter: against emperor, forgiven W46.3 
Poet: humble birth, rose bom among 
thoms Q85.1 
noble, demands reward, king re- 
bukes Q33 1.2.4 
noble, disdains base-bom poets 

J41 1.3.1 
rewarded, acknowledged base par- 
entage J80.5 
Virgin Mary gives perfea line 
D1811.3 
Poison: armpits, poison in kills man 
Z311.5 
damsel, exudes poison, kills men 

F582 
&lse physician poisons princess, 
king makes him drink it too 



K1613.6 
senators warn enemy against, pre- 
fer viaory in batde K2369.7.1 
Poison blown into victim's nose: sneezes, 
poison kills poisoner K1613.1, 
T451.3 
Poor: feet cold, rich, feet in stocks in hell 
U62 
power to help humankind U61 . 1 
Poor man: saves bees, rich man poisoned 
L143.3, W19.2 
sees another worse off than he 

J883.1 
share his goods, dies. Virgin re- 
wards V410. 1.1 
shares food with disguised angel 
R168.1 
Pope: humbles self, batiies in river J914.3 
incense for pagan idol, denied buri- 
al V476 
not to enter chvirch C601.1 
severs hand kissed by woman 
T317.8 
Porters: steal treasure J2092 
Possession: demonic, fi-eed by saint's hu- 
miUtyG303.16.15 
philosopher loses wiriiout anger 
W26.2 
Potiphar's wife: empress demands sex, re- 
fused K21 11 
Pots, earthen and brazen: earthen fears as- 
sociation J425.1 
Poverty: diseased beggar woman Z 133.1 
Prayer: best weapons against demons 
V52.19.1 
bishop's dry up flood, save dty 

D2151.9 
brings rain D1766.1.12 
defeats devil D 1766. 1.9 
holy man's causes evildoers to die 

D1766.1.11 
in diurch, enlightens literally 

D1766.1.13 
moves mountain D 1766. 1.1 4 
obedient monk's, over abstinent 

monk's W3 1.1 
prisoners fi^ed by saint D 1766. 1.7 
produces food for workmen 
D1766.1.8 



268 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



saint oflfers, priest to stop fornica- 
ting V3 16.2 
saint's brings sinner back fix)m 

dead D1713.2 
to Virgin to show her son 

D 1766. 1.2 
warrior's, defeats enemy 

D1766.1.14 
woman's see Jesus, fulfilled V52.21 
woA, man makes rope and prays 

H605 
Preadier: reproaches king who misses 

sermon J 1647.1 
Precentor: curses false flatterer J1369.6 

refuses to accept praise J916.1 
Pregnancy: illicit, husband believes God's 

giftX711.12 
illicit, woman thrown fix)m cliff, 

father of baby beheaded 

T400.0.2 
vinusually short, seven days T573.2 
Pregnant woman, tides catch: Virgin saves, 

emerges with newborn V264.5 
Prescrqjtion: symbolic, given to king 

H605.1 
Price: horse, falcon, doubled eadi day 

K227 
Pride, overweening: proud man swallowed 

by earth C621 
Priest: asked to preach shon sermon 

J1647 
tills ill, after maligning saint 

Q551. 9.7.1 
gives up fornication, pain leaves 

T334.1.9 
ignorant, sent to Chvirch by devil 

J1263.1.5 
man, interment delayed, revived by 

E121.5 
ne^ects hearing confession Q233.4 
prayer save bathhouse keeper, hell 

V52.23 
sex with goddau^ter, dies seven 

daysT427.1 
trick woman, sex with pseudo god 

K1315.1 
vinlettered. Virgin helps regain post 

V261.1 
unlettered. Virgin Mary protects 

V261. 1.1.1 



unrepentant, dies as he begins 

mass Q436 
vision of soul in hell V21 1.2.3.1 
Priest's concubine: transformed into mare 

Q493.2 
Prince: court baker's son, remember 

origins P463.4,U121.5.1 
does not eat meat, queen's lover 

not eat meat J1661. 1.2.2 
forgives man, spat in his face 

W46.2 
gives wealth to poor vdiere safe 

Q2 1.0.1 
ignorant of sex, wife supplied to 

T481.24 
illegitimate, to wear garments to 

recall lineage J152.12 
in quest of knowledge of deatfi 

HI 376.1 
promises Virgin candles to find lost 

hawk M201. 0.3 
queen weds, may not return if he 

leaves T121. 3.2 
told women are devils Jl 745.4, 

T371,X771.1 
treacherous, sells justice K2246 
violates prohibition, banished 

Q43 1.3.1 
wild horse bows to H7 1.10.8 
Princess: elderly forced to wed T3 11.0.4 
flees arranged marriage T311.1 
has baby, secretly wed, imprisoned 

T400.0.1 
prince horse, sword, promise wed 

T55.1.2 
sickens, dies. Virgin revives 

E121.3.1.3 
will many successful riddler 

H540.3 
Prisoner: diained cruelly, mass said, fireed 

V4 1.4.1 
masses, paid by wife, fi^ee him 

V41.4,V52.10 
promise money to church, fi«ed 

R123.2 
released at time of mass 

D1766.1.7.2 
senses wife's prayers D1766.1.7.1 
Privy in diurdiyard: odor is oflFensive 
C93.3.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



269 



Procurer: sets higji price on virgins 

T452.2 
Prodigal son: fevored over feithiia] son 

N172 
returns P233.8 
Promise: broken, youth cursed M205.2 
calf for rescue at sea, broken 

M205.1.3 
calf to Virgin, broken, calf runs to 

Virgin's church M242.6 
help dying companion, broken 

M256.2 
hostage returns to captor M202.2 
king's to protect Jew M203.1 
king's, not to do as sage requests 

M203.4 
literal, hunter not to touch lion, 

clubs it K23 10.1 
moribund to return to tell, suffers 

in purgatory M253.1 
pilgrim, bring back Virgin's image 

M202.0.2 
pilgrimage broken, son dies 

MlOl.4.3 
to join order if cured, broken 

MlOl.4.2 
Property: inherited, by unusual lie 

X905.3,X905.3.1 
Prophecies: unfulfilled M372, M372.2, 

M372.3 
Prophet: calls angels to save kingdom 

V232.1.4 
dove eats grain fixsm ear K1962.1 
predicts victory J673.2 
tells wife palsy is divine message 

K1962.2 
takes servant's wife, says angel sent 

her Kl 962.1 
Proposal: poison king, courtier rejects 

W34.5 
Prostitute: aging, oflEers dau^ter as sub- 
stitute T45 1.2 
cheats brothel owner T451.3 
only ones permitted to carry prosti- 
tute's corpse X521 
pleasure to men, soul to please 

GodT459.1 
queen sets high price for her body 

X523 
shamed by offer of sex in public 



T451.1,X522 
Pupil: fox, lonsuccessfvil hunter, tried to be 
master before pupil J24 13.5.1 
naked, meat on head, dogs, birds 

attack J80.3.6,Z43.7.1 
not to retaliate when hurt J 1 53.7 
ungratefiil to magician W 154.28 
Puppy: woman to be transformed into 

D141.1.1. 
Purgatory: time is thousandfold U261.1 
two days in, or two years of illness 
J210.2, U261.2 
Purse: not the one lost Jl 172.1 
Pursuer, fugitive: husband thinks lovers 
areX711.9 

Queen: abduaed by lover R39.3 

bedchamber searched before king 

enters T172.4 
blinds husband, assassins kiU him 

SI 10.7 
brings her rapist's head to king 

T47 1.0.7 
confessor helps her clear name 

V29.10 
counsels kindness with enemy 

L350.1 
disguised as son, heir to throne 

K1837.8.2 
immolates self, lover abandons her 

T93.3.1 
insists that idle woman spin cloth 

P29.4 
kills all heirs to throne SI 2.9 
lances sons' killer, runs him over 

S110.6 
passes law, legalizes incest T412.7 
raped, brings rapist's head to king 

T47 1.0.7 
succumbs to offer for sexual aa 

T450.0.1 
Quest: find herbs to resuscitate dead 

HI 185.2 
see fece of Death, horrible com- 
posite beast H1376.2.1 

Raft: sack flovnr. Virgin rescues woman 

V264.2.1 
Raiders: pray to Virgin, win in Moorish 

land V52.3.2 



270 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Rain: area, free of in stonn, sign of cross 
V86.1.6 
comes if people repent sins 

D2143.1.3.1 
holy man's prayers, bring V57.4 
prayer for, presumptuous J153.4 
prayers of holy man bring 
D2143.1.3 
Ram: do not flee butcher, killed U161.1 
small, mock large ram fleeing 

danger J952. 7 
wears mastiff skin, detected J95 1 .6, 
K1810.2.1 
Rape: punished by beheading S169.1 

punished by hanging. Virgin saves 

youth Q244 
sister raped by brother T415.9 
Rapist: writes song for Virgin, freed 

R121.6.7 
Rat and frog: tie paws together, kite kills 

bothJ681.1 
Rat, cat: cat freed, rat leaves time to es- 

c^)e J426. 1 
Rat-maiden: transformed D 11 7 . 1 , D3 1 5 . 1 
Ravens: quarrel, prince learns governance 

fromJ83.1 
Recognition: dau^ter by lamentation 
Hll. 1.5.1 
husband by life story HI 1.1.5.2 
mother in humble, not fine, clothes 

H119.3 
saint by life story H 11 . 1 
Red-feced: bishop mistaken for drunkard 

U119.6 
Reed: bend before wind, oak uprooted 
J832 
pricks dog when it urinates L391 . 1 
Reflection: dog thinks it other dog, drops 

meat in mouth J 179 1.4 
Rejuvenation: monk prays to Virgin 

D1882.1.1 
Rekindling: magic fire from genitals of 

woman Q492, T494.5 
Relic: cure goldsmith sight, fix reliquary 
V256.1.14 
false, divine intervention makes real 

K1684.1, V142 
of Virgin Mary, preserved miracu- 
lously V140.5 



of Virgin Mary, protects ship 

D1381.20 
Religious teachings: like braying of asses, 

asses violate scoffer's ftineral 

Q225 
like grej^ound's baying, scoffer 

attacked Q225.0.1 
Remains: saint's cures mutes, lepers, blind 

V221.14 
saint's, cures blind, mute, halt 

V144.3 
Remedy: eye pain, take them out 

J2119.1.2 
ovetheard from animal meeting 

B513 
Reminder of foolishness in past: bad 
judge's skin used on stool J55.1, 
J167 
Repress lust: fast and pray in woods 

T317.4 
Reptile: wise, refuses reconciliation B123 
Rich man: angrily throws bread at poor 

Q172.2.1.1 
buried with gold, corpse spits it 

J912.3.1 
dying, asks for delay, devils take 

soul E752.2.1 
dying, wealth to poor, pardoned 

Q172.2 
earth swallows, house and goods 

Q331.3 
finds money on way to diurch 

N181.1 
fox fior to beggar, later cleric wears 

V411.2.1 
gives up more than poor man 

J1269.16 
lives pxjorly, servant richly U62.2 
postpones penance, devils come 

Q272.1.1 
seeks eternal life in monastery 

P152 
trial in heaven, bread on scale 

Q172.2.1 
worries over investments J347.4 
Rich sinner buried with honors: pious 

monk eaten by lion J225.0.1.1 
Riddle: ages man most rapidly: sleep with 

many women H659.28 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



271 



anchor H548.2.6 
based on chance event H561.il 
bathhouse and bather H548.2.5 
bitterer than bile: bad children 

H659.34 
boats and water H548.2.3 
calendar H548.2.1 
conscience (shame), best character 

trait H659.7.3.1 
distance from earth to heaven: 

devil knows H682. 1.10 
distant stallions impregnate mares 

H572 
empyrean: higjiest H642.2 
enigmatic answer to H56 1.5.1 
fish in river H548.2.2 
four wheels of cart H548.2.8 
heavens, w^at is hi^er than: em- 
pyrean H682. 1.11 
human heart: faster and more 

burning than fire H659.32 
impossible, princess unwed 

T411.1.3 
incurable illness, most: shameless 

dau^ter H659.35 
mirror H548.2.7 
obligations: heaviest burden 

H659.29 
posed to rival monarch H548.2 
reed grass and paper H548.2.3 
responder's origin, place of birth 

H594.4 
saint defeats devil, answers H543.1 
sharpest: tongue of men and 

women H659.29 
strongest of sun, wind, mountain, 

rat: rat H659.27 
strongest of wine, women, trudi: 

truth H63 1.5.1 
sun at daybreak: first to see it looks 

west H561.il 
sweeter than honey: parental love 

H659.33 
thoughts: faster than arrow 

H659.31 
truth: easiest lost, hardest to re- 
cover H659. 19 
visage, human, diversity of: God's 

best woric H648.3 



water in sea, measure: stop aU riv- 
ers H696. 1.1 
w^ere first see sun at daybreak 

H561.il 
words: best and worst in worid, 
H659.37 
Riddle contest: customer, entertainer in 

brothel H548.6 
Riddle test: feiliare brings death H540.3 
Riddling: dever slave beats rivals H548.3 
Ring: half, identification token H94.5 

lost, found in fish D1816.2.1, 

N211.1 
oflBdal's, dropyped in slave's 1^ 

N535.3 
on image of Virgin's finger, man 
who placed it there, impotent 
T299.3 
seen as token of infidelity H84.5 
wife's, sign of infidelity H94.0.1 
Ringdoves: rise up in net, fly away to- 
gether Jl 024 
River: carries worldly debris D915.8 

drowns liars who pass over it 

D915.8, F715.7.1 
feeds moat, diverted, dty won 

K2369.6 
magically carries off debris D915.7 
Roasting: in hell, usurers Q566.3 
Robber: penance, live with next creature 
he sees Q520.2 
saved by devotion to Virgin Q171 
soxol carried off by demons E121.3.6 
soul carried off. Virgin revives 
E121.3.6 
Robbers: capture man, sure God p>rotects 

himV461.7 
Rogue: in tree trunk, judge sets afire 

K451.3 
Romans: disputation by signs with Greeks 
H607.1 
learn from enemy, kindness better 

than cruelty J26 
not indude Jesus, preached poverty 
V385 
Rope: twisting as work like prayer J80.3.4 
Rosebush, five roses: grows fix)m moutfi 

of dead nun V255.5 
Ruler: forgets nothing, save injuries J8 11 .5 



272 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



forgives offenses, returns love 

Q20.3 
learns mercy, tale of bees dying 
after sting J57 
Running nose: man too lazy to wipe, loses 

bride Will. 1.4 
Rustic: as king, fine food sickens U135.3 
denies beggar food, demons take 
himV421.1 



Sabbath: origin, feast dedicated to Venus 

(Mary) A1441.2 
violated, sinner disabled 

Q223.6.1.1 
woman sews on, loses use of hands 

Q223.6 
Sack of wheat: sinner pulls, holy man 

pulls against J80.3. 5 
Sack sealed with pitch: man thrown in 

river, punish rape Q467.1 
Sacristar: Virgin says, dream, to seek holy 

manV510.8 
Sailor drowning: saved by mass said for 

himD1766.1.8, V41.5 
Sailors: abduct knight's wife R12.5 

Virgin guides, storm at ni^t 

V268.4.2 
Virgin saves, bail out water, fish 

plug holes V268.4.5.2 
Saint: accepts usurer's alms, hellfire marks 

P435.7 
accused of Withering child T574.3 
alms to all, Christ comes as beggar 

V411.10 
causes throne to bum D1713.7 
changes maggots into gems 

V222.15 
chooses hell over mortal sin 

Q560.2.5 
did not tolerate gossip Q393.2 
disguised as pilgrim, dies, Other's 

house K1815.1.1 
disinherits sisters, God will provide 

J 1577 
dying, tells monks, love each otfier 

J153.5 
dying, to see hell first to confess 

sins J 172.1 



eats gluttonously to please guests 

P324.4, W125.6 
enters jail, breaks fetters, firees cap- 
tive R121.6 
felsely accused of fethering baby 

K2111.6 
fear of God like fire, wastes body 

J352.2 
flees rich man's house V462.2.4 
fi:«es hand stuck to sickle V221.13 
gives good deeds to sinner, saved 

D1840.1.4, Q21.2 
gives up hair shirt, avoid singularity 

L492 
gold to poor, magic sack of money 

V4 11.5.2 
has second sigjit D1713.6 
helps young woman to marry, 

avoid slavery R165.1 
holds back flood water D 17 13.7 
keeps pilgrim's son alive on gallows 

R165.2 
leaves cryptic message, later ex- 
plained J 154.1 
leaves spades, food for robbers 

V223.7 
makes sign of cross, lErees area of 

rain or snow D 184 1.4. 4 
moribund, gives monks rules 

J153.8 
moribund, never exercised own will 

L493.1 
neglects to give alms, will not again 

V461.9 
perceives cheat: knows boy has 
hidden basket D 18 10.0.2 

knows u^ere pilgrims hid 
clothes D1810.0.3.2 
prays for deformity, loses eye 

T327.3.1 
puts foot in fire T334.1.5 
questions God's judgment, cease 

W159.2 
red-4iot iron to body, repress lust 

T333.7 
restore mute's speech, for kindness 

V221.2 
revive foolish sinner, save soul 

V251.1.2 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



273 



revives son of pleading mother 

E121.5.2 
saves man pledged to Satan 

D1714.2 
saves poor family's daughters fix)m 

prostitution V433.1, W11.20 
sees fece of death D1713.5 
sends witch away D1745.3 
shares fish with helpful eagle 

B469.il 
silver plate to poor, hand blessed 

V411.3.1 
sustains man on gallows P233.13 
Saint's day: violated, king punished 

Q223.6.2 
Saliva: of Jesus, cures blind man 

D 1500. 1.7.2 
Salt: pillar of. Lot's wife C961.1 
Salvation: ensured by one generous aa 

M58 
San Femando: ring on statue, to go on 

Virgin's finger V510.5 
Sanctuary: abolisher seeks sanctuary, fails 
Q411.11.3 
violated, violator punished 
C901.4.2 
Sand: basket of, like sins H606, Z161.1 
Sandalwood buyer: bums a bit to show it 

is worthless J2084 
Sandalwood merchant: profits fi-om scar- 
city N41 1.5 
Sandpipers: eggs caught by tide, bird king 

intervenes K1784.3 
Santiago: carries pilgrim's body to shrine 
M256.2 
God's warrior knight J153.9 
rewards pilgrim, sustains on 

gallows V22 1.6 
saves pilgrim's ship, Moorish attack 
V223.8 
Satan {see also DevU): fall firom heaven 
A106.2.2 
tempts Eve with apple Al 06.2.3 
Satiric legacy: father tricks greedy children 

P236.2 
Satisfied subjects, small territory: chosen 

over large, rebellious J245.3 
Satyr fears man, blows to cool, to warm 
J 1820.1 



half-human, half-goat B24 
Scholar: gives grammar lesson instead of 
alms Jl 592, X37 1.1 

in heU E412.8 
Scholars in tavern: arrested with criminals 

J451.3.1 
Scipio Afiicanus: gained name fix)m cam- 
paign Jl 289.23 
Scissors, knife: husband, wife quarrel 

S113.3, T255.1, W167.3 
Scoffer: attacked by greyhounds Q225.0.1 

at Virgin blinded Q451.7.9 

body swells to bursting Q559.13 

grave violated Q225 
Scoffing woman: transported througji air 

to shrine F102 1.5 
Scorpions: held safely by saint D 17 13.3 
Scourge marks: prove events of dream 

H242.2 
Scribe: abbot calls, returns, woric done in 
goldQ69.1 

illuminates book, enters heaven 
Q172.0.3 
Sea: Virgin calms, saves ship V268.4.5.1 
Seats: heating in hell for sinners Q561.3 
Secret: of animals (dwarfs) overheard 
fi-om hiding place N451.1 

overheard, used in court N455.2.1 

wife unable to keep, husband says 
gave birth to crow HI 569.4, 
X36 
Seducer: shamed by woman's child 

J122.1 
Sentence, death: postponed until thirty- 
day period Q520.4 
Sentence, eye put out: permitted selea 

tool, unable to find Jl 181.5, 

P511.2 
Sentence, hanging: permitted select tree, 

unable to find Jl 181.4, P511.3 
Sentence, obligatory loss of both eyes: 

judge gives one eye, son loses one 

eye Jl 189.4 
Sentry asleep: tells evil king devils will 

come for him J 1489 
Serpent {see also Snake): advice of, brings 
wealth to human B581.1 

bites prince, gives fiiend remedy 
W154.8 



274 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



causes fermer to prosper B161 
deceiver in paradise B 176. 1.1 
enters crocodile, destroys from 

within F912 
guards monastery garden B256.13 
house spirit brings prosi)erity 

F480.2 
injures human, refiises reconcili- 
ation J15,J15.1.1 
saves accused man from death 

B522.1 
ungratefiol for rescue, retumed 

J1172.3, Q281.5,W154.2.1 
warns against advice from victims, 
not heeded J2 1.1 3.1 
Servant: abused by knight, saint saves him 
L416.5 
called "devil," devil appears 

C12.4.2 
dies in place of master P361 
how much could eat, more if 

another's Jll 14.0.2, X591 
wimess to noble's incest T426 
Servant to close door at night: leaves 
open, will be open in morning 
Wlll.2.2 
Servant to master: feed if day, let sleep if 

ni^tWl 11.2.3 
Service to God: knight fights infidels, as- 
cetic prays J234 
Serving-man: disguised, sex with master's 

love Kl 3 17.1 
Severed head: proof of slaying in batde 

H105.8 
Sex with dead woman: punished, public 

flogging Q244.5 
Sexual intercourse forbidden: before 
church attendance CI 10.2 
in public place C 1 1 6. 1 
on consecration day CI 16.1 
on feast day CI 19.1.2.2 
Sexual temptation: youth to work and 

pray T3 17.4.1 
Sham physician: extorts riches fixjm 
emperor K1955. 10 
too near horse's hoof, kicked 
K1121.1 
She-wolf: repents stealing holy man's 
bread B773.4 



Shearer: says wolf ate sheep, deteaed 

K2061.1.2 
Sheep: breaks promise to deer, wolf pres- 
ent L396 

carried across stream, endless tale 
Zll 

persuade wolf to sing K561.2 

shelter others fix)m sun B701 
Sheep, wolves: peace between them, send 

away guard dogs for peace K191 
Sheep's voice: from belly of thief 

N275.5.2, Q552.4.1 
Sheet: extended, blinds husband 

J2301.4.5, K1516, T481.20, 

X711.ll 
Shepherd: alms, sent away, wolves eat 
sheep Q44.1 

betrays wolf to hunter W17 1 .2 

cried "wolf" too often P463.4 

feeds poor, monks send him away 
W11.19 

Virgin, in dream, teadies to preach 
V256.1.3 

winks, betrays hidden wolf 
J1442.15 
Ship: held back magically D2072.0.3 

sinks. Virgin helps, fish plug holes 
V268.4.5.2 
Shipwrecked: sailor. Virgin rescues 

V268.4 
Shirt: no opening for head, blinds victim 

SI 10.7 
Shirt, magic: protects in batde D 138 1.5 
Shoes: save, walk barefoot on thorns 

W152.ll 
Shrine: dead child revived at E121.3.2.3 
Shroud: of king displayed, sign of mortali- 
ty J912.1 
Sick man denied cure: rust is to iron, sick- 
ness is to human J893.3 

sickness cleanses soul J893.2 
Sickle, magic: stuck to man's hand 

D1206.1.1 
Si^t, magic: stars over heads of good or 

bad persons D 1825.3.2 
Sign of cross: banishes evil spirits of dead 

E425.2.3 
Silence: gives man power to see spirits 
J1074.3 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



275 



philosopher in desert serene 

C400.02 
sign of wisdom C400.01 
Simple person: advises ascetic to regain 

strength J156.5.1 
Sin: monk's, removed, gives vqj money 
V461.8 
save money against future illness 
V411.3 
Sinner: confesses carnal desire, saved 
V21.5 
demands long penance Q523.7.1 
enters church, daxk, leaves light 

V52.2I 
eternal bathhouse keeper in hell 

Q560.4 
in hell, Virgin revives, do penance 

V255.3 
magically unable to enter diurdi 

Q233.1 
three days to confess, sins more, 
dies V22.2 
Sister: dismembers brother, delays pursuit 
Sll.lO 
.kills brother to gain tiirone P253 
Skin: disease, assassins'. Virgin cures 

V257.1 
Skirt of Virgin Mary: repels besiegers of 

dtyD1381.5.1 
Skull: evil magic, muted, by sign of cross 

V86.1.8 
Skull, magic: tells political secrets D992.4 
Slaughter: babies, unborn to avoid danger 

M375.2.1 
Slave: cleverly confounds master 
Jll 14.0.1 
gets others to perform his duties 
Wl 11.2.0.1 
Slayer of brotfier: holy man forgives V441 
Slipper: magic, removed by Virgin Mary 
D1065.2.1 
Virgin's applied to defomiity, cure 
Q22 1.3.8 
Snails: travel little, carry own house A2543 
Snake (see also Serpent): bites man who 
saves it Wl 54.2 
enemy mongoose A2494.12.2 
frog king's mount J352.2, 
Q211.4.3, Q551.3.2.9 



gratefial for shelter B391.1.4 
helps fermer prosper, harms him 

K2031.2 
ofispring, kills human's diild 

B391.1.4,J15.1.2 
rescued in cold, bites in spring 

W154. 2.1.1 
woman's stomach. Virgin cures 

V256. 1.5.2 
wrapped around waist, penance 

Q522.8 
Socrates: asked king not to block his sun^ 

shine Jl 52.1 
Soldier: loots monastic cell, bites tongue, 

dies Q397 
Solomonic judgement: divided child 

J1171.1 
Son: abuses fetiier's servants S21.6 

chooses exile over life at court 

J347.3 
cruel to father, own son wiQ repeat 

J121, P233.18, Q588.1, S21.7 
denied horse, accuses mother 

K2110.2 
former's son rustic, noble's son 

courtly U 12 1.3 
hanged, uncorrected in youth 

P233.15.1 
imprisons, tortures, kills evil &ther 

P233.9.2 
last surviving, dead three days. Vir- 
gin revives E121.3.3 
least trutfiful to inherit LI 14.1 
leaves dukedom, licentious fother 

P233.9.1 
mocks drunken, naked fadier 

P233.9.3 
mother's diampion in combat 

H151.4 
newly betrothed, dies, Virgin re- 
vives E121.3.2.1 
never punished, die in batde, fother 

dies Q582.9 
of king chosen to reign U129.6 
of merdiant becomes broker 

U129.6 
of noble finds woman to feed him 

U129.6 
of worker cuts wood U129.6 



276 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



on gallows, bites mother's (fadier's) 

noseP233.15 
sacnifice, in oven, enter monastery 

S263.2.4 
tortures, kills royal father S22.5 
Virgin revives, mother converts 

V331.1.15 
Son-in-law: frees captive fether-in-law 

K640.1, R154.4 
Soul: after death, good fly, bad fell to 

earth D1825.3.3.1 
angels, miasic transport good 

E755.2.1.1 
asked to stay in body J321 .4 
carried ofiFby devil E752.2 
departing, seen by men at sea 

E722.3.4 
dissatisfied, wants to leave body 

W128.7 
dove leaves mouth of dying person 

E732.1 
dream is extra-corporeal trip 

E72 1.0.2 
gambler's, saint wins in dice game 

E756.4.1 
good abbot's, angels and devils 

fi^tforE756.1 
hermit, with David, musicians 

V511.1.4 
insincere man seen in hell 

E755.2.7.2 
invisible as it departs E722.2.1.2 
invisible in living and in dead 

J1262.10 
judged in heaven, returns, tells 

E72 1.0.2 
just rewarded, unjust tormented 

E751 
moribund's, in hell, insincere 

V511.2 
nun's, returns, preaches repentance 

E366 
priest's seen in hell's torment 

E755.2.1.1 
promised to devil E752.1.1.2 
returns: at moment of death 
E586.0.1 

time on earth wasted E301.9 

to body on blade bridge 



E72 1.0.2 
to body, to sin no more 
V251.1.3 
seen as black or white spirit 
E722.1.1 
ascending by travelers at sea 

E586.1 
by brother, moment of death 
E722.3.4 
sinner's, pitchforks wrench from 

body E755.2. 1.1 
speaks as it departs E722.2.13 
taken by Jesus E722.2. 14 
trapped in ice freed by masses 

E754.1.9,V42.1 
views four fires, returns to body 

marked E63 1.0.2 
visible only to one person E4 15.3.1 
youth's, saint regains fix)m devil 
E756.4.2 
Sow and reap badly: better than not at all 

J99.3 
Speaking: consort not to speak to subjects 
C411.2 
forbidden during seven days 
C401.2 
Speech: recovered, eat, bread pre-chewed 
by fox D2 161. 3.6 
recovered magically D2025.6, 
D2025.7 
Spell: magic, kni^t's horses die after ten 

days D2089.3.2 
Spider: afiaid of wasp, kills fly U31.5, 
W121.5 
bite, cured by Virgin Mary 

D2161.5.2.5 
bites over-adomed woman Q331.4 
invites wasp, rest on "white 

curtain" K815.2 
swallowed, leaves body tfirough 
aim D2 16 1.5.2.5.1 
Spiritual food: not novnishing as earthly 

food Jl 2 15.2 
Spoon, silver devil gives to man V24.3 
Spjring: bursts forth in front of altar 
F933.1.4 
flows at command of infent Jesus 

A941.7.4, F933.1.2 
gods create in desert D927.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



277 



magic, curative powers D 1505.5.4 
safe from serpents, sign of cross 

V86.1.4 
transforms man into woman 
D927.6 
Squire: tries to rape, disastrous injuries 

T47 1.0.3 
St. John Damascene, hand of severed 

D2161.5.2.4.1, Q261.4, V256.3 
St. John Patriarch: humbly uses clay 

vessels J914.4 
St. Martin: gives cloak to beggar V41 1.8 
St. Nicholas: appears, victim, thieves, 
convert V331.1.6 
bread to poor, replenished V412.1 
tosses golden apple in house 
V433.1 
St. Peter: tells pope he merits Christian 

burial V292.3 
Staff, iron, symbolic sin: carried, dropped, 

end of pilgrimage H606. 1 
Stag: has horns, but runs from dogs U127 
hides, found by master J 1032 
intimidates sheep, wolf present 

J1510.1 
proud of horns, tangled in tree 
L461 
Stairway set with razors: does not kill man 

H1531.2 
Stallions: neighing, impregnate distant 

mares B741.2 
Star: prince not see fire, sunli^t 
M302.4.4 
prophesy, crisis at age twenty 

M302.4.2 
reflection, duck thinks it fish 

J1791.8 
say prince to be silent seven days 
M302.4.3 
Star, celestial sign: birth of hero 

E741. 1.1.2 
Statue: fool kicks it, money inside 

J1853.1.1 
Stealing contest: friends compete 

K305.2.1 
Stepmotfier: accuses prince of rape K2 150 
Steward: gave master's money to poor 
Q44.2, V416.1 
kills Jew under royal protection 



K2242.2, Q411.17 
mismanages estate K2242.3 
steals king's money, watchers too 
K2242.1 
Stick, money in: breaks, thief betrayed 

H25 1.3.4 
Still-bom child: Virgin Mary revives 

E121.3 
Stinginess: prince deposed Wl 52.6.1 
Stolen goods: hidden in dupe's house 

K401.2 
Stolen meat: hidden in fasting man's 

house K40 1.2.3.1 
Stone: for church, found magically VI 1 1 .2 
magic powers of Dl 300.4.1 
riven. Virgin, Child appear within 

V127.1 
warmth of, worm inside F642.4.1, 

J1661.1.6 
with image of Virgin Mary, power 
to enlighten D 107 1.2 
Stonecutter: finds treasure in wall 

N511. 1.6.1, P462.1 
Stoned: king tricked into talking to crowd 

K811.3 
Stonemason: saved from falling by Virgin 

D2149.4.3 
Stoning to death: evil king stoned by 
populace Q422 
punishment for adultery Q422.1 
Stork: among cranes, killed J451.2 

male, kills adulterous mate 

A2497.2, Q241.4 
male, punish offspring of adultery 

Q241.4 
meal to fox in tall thin vessel 
W158.1 
Storm: stilled magically D2 140. 1.1 
Storm at sea: impedes pirate's escape 
D2141.0.9 
Santiago calms D2 149.4.5 
Storm-tossed ship: Virgin saves V268.4.5 
Stream: Virgin diverts to monastery land 

V254.8.2 
Strength: in hair (Samson) D1831 

lost, after conjugal activity J2 1.32 
secret of, revealed K975 
unusual. Virgin gives to worianen 
V268.9 



278 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Strength, magic: in lion skin and magic 
club D 1 83 1.4 

moral rectitude D 183 1.7 
Strong man: migjity slayer F628 
Stubborn husband, wife: quarrel, husband 
breaks wife's leg W167.2 

quarrel, husband pushes wife in 
river W167.3 
Submarine: Alexander descends in D1525 
Substitution: deacon for captive K528.2 
Suffocation: daughter, father SI 13.2.4 
Suicide: three attempts, woman saved 

V252.4 
Suitors: lazier of two, woman to marry 

Wlll.l 
Sultan: behaves like baker's son, gives 

bread as reward H175.6, P463.1, 

U121.6.2 
Sun weds, creates more suns, dry world: 

thieves wed, create thieves J88.1 
Sunlight: hunters block, philosopher pro- 
tests J1442.1 
Si?)ematural beings: bestow gifts at birth 

of hero F3 12.1 
Susanna: accused falsely by elders J 1 1 53. 1 

exonerated by clever deduction 
K21 12.0.2 
Swallow: divine messenger B29 1.1.11 

warns other birds about hemp 
seeds J62 1.1 

why nest near humans A2282.1 
Swallows and crows: dispute beauty 

J242.6 
Swallows' loud chirp, sporadic: chosen 

over low constant sparrows J2 1 5. 1 .4 
Swallows, sparrows: choose between J282 
Swan: draws knight's boat throvi^ water 
B558.1 

golden neck chains transform them 
to men D361.2 

leads knight in magical boat 
B469.12 

man transformed into D161.1 

signals departure time to knight 
B752.1.1 
Swine: men transformed into D136 

trample ant hills B 16. 1.4. 3 
Swollen limbs: king's, Virgin heals 

V256.4.6 



Sword: death to foe \viien drawn 
D1402.7 
into plowshares J642.2 
is lost, has lost many lives J 1600.1 
lovers, pursuer, ftjgitive T481.17 
magic, given to infant D1344.1 1 

Sword blows: image of Virgin Mary resists 
D 1840. 1.4 

Synagogue: Virgin turns into church 
V363.1 



Tablets, golden: unearthed, warn against 

avarice N592 
Target: living, child's body SI 39.0.1 
Task: buy best possible food, slave buys 

tongues HI 185.2 
carry sheep across stream Hll 11 
drink seas dry HI 142.3 
fill magic pitcher. Virgin helps 

H984.1.1 
gather multicolored fleas, son 

males, females HI 129.10.1 
impossible, find man without cares 

H931.3 
replace one-eyed man's eye, re- 
move eye to match H919.4 
retrieve royal heron. Virgin protects 

courtier HI 154.7.4 
symbolic, dip sea out with spoon 

H1143.1 
Teadier: delivers city's children to enemy 

K2369.3.1, Q261.3 
gives pupil rhetorical rules P344 
puts wisdom on wall, pupil con- 
fined P344.1 
Tears: of hunter, birds mistake for pity 

J1821.2 
of Virgin, fill magic picture 

Dl 171.7.2, H984.1.1 
penitents fill barrel F1051.1 
wash away thumb mark on palm 

F1051.1.1 
Teeth: knocked out, rviler says better off 

W26.9 
mother dog's benign, rabid dog's 

dangerous J88.2 
Temples: teach, with figures, insertions 
J168.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



279 



Test: ability to reign, youngest son pre- 
vails HI 569.2 
anger, royalty suflFers critidsm with- 
out HI 553.2 
curiosity, mouse between plates, 

not to lift plate HI 554.1 
evil, devils, winner makes saint 

touch woman HI 596.4 
fear, threat of killing innocents 

HI 406.1 
fiiendship: whole Mend HI 558.2, 
H1558.2.1 
half-friend HI 558.1 
least loved of three is best 

H1558.1.1 
take publicly, slap from friend 
H1558.il 
generosity, saint gives special food 

to visitor HI 573.2.2 
gratitude: magician's pupil fails 
H1565.1 
tiiree gifts, three recipients 
HI 565 
loyalty, vassals drink foul exu- 
dations HI 556.0.3 
parental love, fathers save children, 

mothers not H491.2 
paternity, shoot fether's corpse 

P233.17 
patience: monk endures blows of 
abbot HI 553.3 
monk feils, loses temper at cup 

H1553.5 
pupil endures philosopher's in- 
sults HI 553.7 
visitors suffer insults at city's 
gate HI 553.3; 
valor, knight who waits until at- 
tacked HI 561. 2.4 
wisdom, choose among three 

chests HI 573.2.2; 
wit: prince poses riddles to youth 
H548.4 
sages pose riddles to slave wo- 
man H548.5 
worry-fite natvire, peasant 
unmoved by threats 
H1569.3 



sexual identity, dioice of play- 
tiiings HI 578. 1.4.3 
Theft: false accusation, Virgin saves monk 

V276.5 
Theft of meal for fritters: knife pierces 

thiefs mouth, prays Q212.8 
Thief: arm bruised Judgement Day 

E41 1.0.2.1 
attacked by poor victim K335. 1 .0.3 
excommunicated, returns ftinds 

J1141.14 
fiigjitened, leaves sheet behind 

K335.1.0.2 
mistakes lion for horse, rides it 

J1756.2 
oath of innocence, steals again 

M102 
of holy man's horse, detained ma- 
gically at river Q227.4 
of sheep, belly bleats in church 

N275.5.2, Q552.4.1 
on gallows, devil supports, then lets 

him hang M212.2 
paralyzed, blind, returns loot, cured 

Q212.7 
prevented fitjm leaving church by 

Virgin Mary D2072.0.3 
sent into well by boy K345.2 
trapped by horse K427.1 
trapped in hermit's cell Q222.5.4.1 
tricked into stealing from self 

K439.3 
tricked, climb down moonbeam 

K1054 
tries to bribe watchdog K2062 
trusted by cleric steals K346 
wife hears, joins husband in bed 

X743 
Thom: creep naked dirough, penance ft)r 

wanting to leave order Q522.3 
removed from lion's paw B381 
Thread magically svqjplied: sews altar 

cloths D811.3 
Threat: to child to throw it to wolves 

C25.2 
to horses to throw them to bear 

C25 
to ox to throw to wolf C25.2.1 



280 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Thrush or tfirostle: husband, wife quairel 
W167.2 
quarrel, wife's leg broken T255. 1 . 1 
Tiger learns fixjm e:qjerience: fears man 

J17 
Tithes: Charlemagne gives to his knights, 
punished Q554. 1 . 1 
unpaid, pestilence, poor crops 
P532.1 
Tongue: bitten off: by betrayed wife 
Q45 1.4.8.1 
by wife SI63 
spat at king S163.3 
spat in fece of inquisitor S163.2 
bitten, man discouraged pilgrims 

Q45 1.4.8.2 
cut out, restored magically 

D2161.3.6.1 
extends, denying Virgin Q551.8.6 
heretics cut pious man's tongue 

Q451.4.6.1 
man bites, throws it at king 

J1289.25 
mutilated for false accusation 

Q583.5, S163.1 
pilgrim bites, told others not to go 

Q393.5 
spiced, bitter served at dinner 

H604 
tempted man bites, spits at woman 
T333.2.2 
Tongue severed: restored by Virgin Mary 

D2161.5.2.4.4 
Tongues seasoned, well or pooriy: kind or 

unkind speech J89 
Toolmaker: makes tools, God makes crea- 
tures J1262.6 
Torments of hell: man sees, hears warning 

voice V5 11. 2. 1.2 
Tortoise: treads on toad, injuring it U31 .6 
Torturer: invents machine to bum others 

S112.8 
Tower: confinement in, avoid prophecy 

M372 
Town mouse and country mouse: liberty 

preferred to ease L451 
Traitor emperor severs hand. Virgin re- 
stores Q26 1 .4, S 1 6 1 



forgiven, ruler invokes divine right 

W46.2.1 
Trajan: fi-eed fix)m hell, saint's prayers 

V57.8 
Transformation: human to swine D136 
maggots to preciovis gems E>470.2, 

V222.15 
maiden to rat D1I7. 1.1 
man to swan D161 
man to woman D 12.01 
rat to maiden D315.1 
swan to man D361.2 
water, river to copper D470. 1 
woman to puppy D141, K1351 
wood to stone IMS 1.10 
Transubstantiation: Jesus appears to 

heretic, convinces V327.1 
monk doubts. Host, bleeding flesh 

V312.3 
wine to blood. Host to body 

V133.1.1 
Treasvire: buried in roots of tree 

N511. 1.9.1 
buried in vineyard, sons to dig soil 

P233.19 
doves lead man to treasure 

B562.1.3,N51 1.1.9.1 
eagle leads rescuer to treasure 

B361,N545.1.1 
found in broken statue N514.3 
found in ruined wall N5 11.1.6.1 
magic, gives mouse access to food 

D1561.2.2 
soul leaves body, finds N538. 1 
statue's extended finger points to 

N535.2 
stone cross nuuks on palace floor 

N535.1 
Virgin, dream vision tells king 

N531.6 
Treasure-seeking sons: to dig up soil in 

vineyard H588.7 
Treaty: sheep and wolves B260. 1 
Tree: axe fiwm own wood cuts it down 

U162 
foot of one tree forbidden C621 
king of J956 
not to siqjply wood for axes P458. 1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



281 



on grave, leaves bear "ave" 

F81 1.2.2.1 
supply wood for axe handle J62 1 . 1 .2 

Tree, apple, division, deceptive: roots, 
branches K17 1.10 

Trickster: fool owner, goat is worthless 
K344.1.5 
insults another, says only joking 

K1771.10 
tell gullible cleric his deer is dog 

X434.3 
wife believes is god, spends night 
T481.24 

Triple tax: poet collects coins at city gates 
N635 

Trophies: severed heads as S139.2.2.1 

Troubadour: sings for Virgin, freed magic- 
ally Rl 23.3 

Troubles, personal: king chooses over po- 
litical ones J369.0. 1 

Trout: pretends to be dead K522.4.1 

too lazy to escape fishermen 
W111.6 

Trout, in danger: two evade, third lazy 
one is caught J321 .5 

Trout, lazy: disregards danger J 16.1 

Trumpet: announces death sentence P612 

Truth and Lies: share tree, branches, 
roots Z121.2 

Truth, Wind and Water: Wind, Water 
easily found, Truth not Zl 2 1.2.1 

Truthful man: reveals secret cures to king 
Q94.1 

Twice the reward to other: envious, covet- 
ous, loss of eye Q302.0.1 

Two (three) joint depositors: all must be 
present to redeem J 1 1 6 1 . 1 

Two-headed: baby bom F5 11.0.2.1 

Tyrant: Caesar permits man to call him 
J1281.3, W26.7.1 

Tyrant preferred: over uncertain future 
ruler J2 15.2.1 

Ugly: holy man, rustic doubts holiness 
U119.4 
holy man, embraces those who call 
him ugly J921 
Unbaptized person: needs baptism to stay 
in paradise E412.2 



Uncle: treacherous, tries to usurp power 

K2217 
Unconfessed person: restless in grave, re- 
turns E41 1.0.2.2 
Under wife's bed: husband believes wife's 

love for him X7 11.2 
Understand Trinity: intellectual arrogance 

W159.3 
Uriah letter: man carries orders for own 

murder K978 
Urinate, in holy vessels, blood from 

mouth Q55 1.6.5 
on altar, excrement pours from 

mouth Q55 1.6.5 
sage, as he walks, J152.7 
Usurer: alms to abbot, only one coin is 

honest P435.8, Q273.7 
cheated, chests filled with sand 

J1510.2, P435.15 
father and son seen in hell 

P435.11,Q273.3 
forebears, descendants in hell 

P435.6 
gives alms to saint, saint marked 

Q273.6 
heart found in strong box P435. 14 
in hell, lineage arranged on ladder 

Q273.5 
leaves nothing for soul, confess, 

dies V424 
leaves wealth, family not to church 

P435.12 
legacy brings illness, poverty P435.9 
one devil enough in usurer's house, 

many needed in monastery 

G303.25.3.2 
pays to build church, collapses 

Q273.4 
rebukes soul for wanting to leave 

P435.13 
soul condemned, despite alms 

P435.10 
soul in torment, despite charity 

Q273.8 
Usurer, corpse of: ass carries to gallows, 

not church B151. 1.1.2.1, 

P435.3 
rises up, destroys church 

E235.4.3.1,P435.4 



282 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



Vegetables, division, deceptive: turnip, 

root; cabbages, leaves K 1 7 1 . 5 . 1 
Vendor, accused of theft: ring found in 

fish beUyK2 103.1 
Vessels, lost at sea: until merchant church 

goods Q595.5 
Vestal virgin: buried alive if pregnant 
T400.0.3 
felsely accused, proves virginity 
T401.2 
Victim: avoids death, stops to pray K1612 
Vinmer: eye wound, wife treats, lover goes 

K1516.1,T481.12, X711.8 
Vipers: controlled by saint D2156.5 
Virgin birtfi: belief in V312 
Virgin Mary: appears three times in 
dream vision V510.6 
beam not to fall in churdi 

D2149.4.5 
brings man back fix)m dead 

V251.1 
casts out demons D2176.3.4.1, 

D2176.3.5.1 
causes storm at sea D2141.0.9 
causes winds to free ships 

D2142.0.2 
convinces Moors to cede city 

V268.3.4 
delays death, sinner to do penance 

V251 
drives devil out, robber baron cas- 

tie V254.8 
e}q>lains Host to doubting monk 

J164.1 
fiiees Christian, transports home 

R121.6.4 
gives birth. Holy Spirit engenders 

T547.1 
halts volcanic eruption D2 148.3 
in place of woman pledged to devil 

K1841.3 
rescues royal falconer from drown- 
ing R14I.1 
restores speech of diild D2176.3.6 
saves: felling man D2 149.4.3 

Jewish woman falling, cliff 

R169.0.1 
men trapped in sand hill 
D2149.4.4 



says private mass, ailing devotee 

V255.2 
tells monk he must love her J164.2 
Visitation: carries off diief of church tithes 

Q554.1 
Visitor: takes beautiful courtier for king 

P15.1.2 
Voice: from grave, "I am burning" 
Q566.1 
God's, counsels humility J 164 
Volcanic eruption: Virgin Mary halts 

D2 148.3 
Vow: keep feast day, broken, hand wither 
M101.4 
not to comply with request, destroy 

city, will not M203.4 
not to eat meat, bone stuck throat 

MlOl.4.1 
not to leave convent, nuns stand 

firm in fece of fire M183.5 
sacrifice first creature seen, man 
riding ass, ass beheaded 
Jl 169.4, M203.5 
Vulcan: gives infent hero sword and shield 

F312.1 
Vulture: invites birds to feast, eats them 
J1577, K815.4.1 
why drop bones fix)m height 
A2441.5 



Wager: drink seas dry Jll 6 1.9, N67.1 
Walk on all fours: graze like beast, 

penance Q523.2 
Walk on water: magical power D2 125.1 
Wall, sheltering: falls on man pvirsued by 

mishaps N253 
Walling up: for conspiracy to murder 

princes Q455.1 
Walls: inscribed with condensed educa- 
tion J 168 
thrown down magically D2093 
War: between birds and quadrupeds 
B261.1 
between crows and owls 
A2494.13.14,B261.1,K477.4, 
K2042 
Warrior: abstain fix)m meat, viaors 
C221.02 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



283 



choose deadi in batde over death 

in retirement J216.5 

promises Virgin one thousand 

masses for military success 

M201.0.4 

rises from sick bed to batde P7 1 1 .7 

saint, Virgin sends to batde 

V268.3.1 
strength through chastity T3 10.3 
Watchdog: refuses thief s bribe B325.1 
Water: divide D 1551 

for garden, sent by God V469 
Water drips in ear: washes out brains 

K171.12, Wlll.1.8 
Water drips in eye: man too lazy to move, 

loses eye Will. 1.3 
Water in river: transformed into copper 

D470.1 
Water in spring: made safe by sign of 

cross D788.1 
Water spirit: gives silver axe to woodman 

F420.5. 1.7.4, P458.2 
Waves: hares mistake sound for danger 

J1812.2 
Wax figure: dying horse. Virgin revives 
E169.1 
falcon in church. Virgin revives 
E169 
Wealth: given away, magicaUy returned 
V411.5 
refused, fear of covetousness J347.1 
Weasel: caught with mice, killed J45 1.1.1 
dusts self with flour to fool mice 

J951.4 
plea, keeps house free of mice 

K561. 1.1.1 
royal pet, killed. Virgin revives 

E169.2 
tries to bite file J552.3 
Weather: controlled by prayer D2 140.1 
Weeping bitch: woman, transformed into 

puppy K1351 
Wheat grains: lips of baby, future 

wealth M3 12.0.2.1 
Widow: attracted to handsome beggar 
T232.6 
disinters husband, to help lover 

T231.6 
&lsely accuses saint of r^e 



K2111.6.1 

incest widi son. Virgin forgives 

T412.1,V261.3 
ingests husband's ashes T2 1 1 .4.3 
of Rhesus, husband's corpse, for 

hanged man K2213.1 
prevents husband's interment 

E121.5 
proves dead husband innocent 

H1511.5 
refiises second marriage J482.1 
Wife: abandoned, kills self P2 14.2 

agrees with husband, horses, cows 

T223 
breast milk blinds husband 

K1516.9 
calumniated, survives burning at 

stake H22 1.6 
counsels: against killing courtiers 
J571.5.1 

delay Jl 55.4 

king, return good for evil 
J155.4.1 
disobeys warning: applies poison 
unguent T254.1 

drinks poison T254.6 

enters oven T254.5 

opens armed chest T254.4 
division of, deceptive, above, below 

waist Kl 7 1.7 
eats diicken, husband left with spit, 

stabs wife W125.5.1 
eats hot coals: husband un&ithful 
T81.8 

husband reported dead 
T211.2.3 
extends sheet in fix)nt of husband 

K1516, K1516.1.4 
extinguishes candle, lover leaves 

K1516.3 
&sts during husband's absence 

T215.10 
fears thief, joins husband in bed 

T284 
follows husband into batde T215.9 
follows husband into exile T2 1 5.8. 1 
forbidden to join men, hang selves 

T215.il 
frees husband from prison R152.1 



284 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



has drugged husband made monk 

K1536 
hides husband at home, mourns 

T215.8.2 
holds pot before husband's eyes 

K1516.8 
husband: indulges whims T261.2 

kills for looking at men Q341 

under bed, tells lover she loves 
husband Kl 532.1 

husband's bloody clothes, dies 
T211.4.4 
immolates self in husband's pyre 

T211.2 
jealous, hits king, he kills her 

T25 1.0.4 
lover under bed, husband turns, 

coat brushed Kl 5 16. 1.2 
mistaken for another, killed Q2 11 .3 
old, plucks husband's black hairs 

J2112.1 
ordeal by le^ing off cliff T257. 12 
pledged to devil. Virgin takes place 

G303.16.1,V264.3 
prays to harm husband's lover 

T257.2.3 
puts out eye, to match husband 

T215.4 
retrieves husband's body T21 5.9.1 
shelters husband's mistress T222 
spares husband's life T2 1 1 . 1 .5 
stabs self. Virgin revives E63.3 
takes husband's place in prison 

R152.1 
thinks all men, bad breath 7^2 1 
thou^t unchaste, looks at men 

T317.9 
washes husband's hair, lover leaves 

K1516.7 
will not tell which son not hus- 
band's T238.1 
young, plucks husband's grey hairs 

J2112.1 
Wig: monkey snatches, woman mocked 

Q331.2.1.6,X52.1 
Wild pigs: killed for eating sheep 

B275.1.3.2 
Wild tales, invented: woman repeats 
them, is mocked X35 



Wildemess: penance in, ftiars wlio left 

order Q520.5 
Wind: blows arrows back against enemy 

D906.2, F963.2 
frees warships trapped in narrows 

D2 142.0.2 
magic, transports saint's boat 

D1524.9.1 
opens church door, pope enters 

D906.1, Q20.5, Q147.2 
Virgin causes, open shutters church 

V276.4 
woman able to cause winds 

D2 142.1 
Window: look at men throu^, adulterous 

woman T48 1.8 
Wine: four charaaeristics of A2851 
Virgin Mary supplies D 1040.1 
woman, bare breasts, horns, seen 

as Z 139.3.1 
Wisdom: before learning, says simple man 

J1217.2 
"Consider the end": barber heeds 

warning hired to cut king's 

throat, confesses J2 1 . 1 
"Do not act when angry": man 

sees man in wife's bed, his son 

J21.2 
"Do not believe what is beyond 

belief": bird tells man it has 

gem inbodyJ21.13 
"Do not leave the highway": short 

cut proves long J21 .5 
"I know where my shoe pindies": 

says man wiio left wife 

J1442.1.4 
"Never give up what you have in 

your hand": man releases bird, 

for better J2 1.1 2.1 
"Never try to reach the unattain- 
able": man cannot attain 

hei^t of birds J2 1 . 1 4 
"Not to try to acquire what cannot 

be acquired": man tries to re- 
capture bird J2 1 . 1 2.2 
"Rue not a thing that is past": man 

lets bird go, tries to recapture it 

J21.12 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



285 



taught by parable: good shepherd 
J80.0.1,J80.0.7 

invited guests, not attend, 
idolaters J80.0.4 

prodigal son J80.0.6 

seed sown on good and sterile 
soil J80.0.2 

seven wise and foolish virgins 
J80.0.5 

ship in storm at sea J80.0.3.1 

unjust steward J80.0.8 

yoking calf and oxen J80.0.9 
Wise man: unable to describe God 

J152.10 
Wishes: third used to remedy foolish two 

J2071 
Witch: hung in victim's doorway, burned 

Q415.10 
Withdrawal: from world earthly death 

J1217.3,J1217.4 
Wolf: as shepherd, deteaed K2061.1 
betrayed by fox J1521 .1 .1 
disguised as monk, deteaed 

K1961.6 
entices goat, high place, detected 

K2061.4 
funeral feast, animals hope more 

W151.12 
judges race before eating rams 

K579.5.1 
killed for eating sheep B275. 1.3.2 
leaves food, hopes for better J344.3 
makes friends with lion, killed 

J411.5 
offers to help pregnant sow 

K1955.0.I 
overeats in larder, cannot leave 

K1022.1, W151.9.1 
permits captive ass to lead it 

K713. 1.2.1 
proposes dismiss guard dogs 

K2061.1.1 
says lamb dirties water downstream 

U31 
scorns salt meat, hopes for better 

J2066.4 
skin is cure for lion king's disease 

K961.1.1 
sow kicks into stream Kl 121.2 



steals, complains of fox thefts 

U21.4 
to be midwife to sow, detected 

K2061.6 
to cure ass, fraud deteaed 

K1955.0.3 
treaty with sheep, dogs to go away 

K2010.3 
tries to eat bowstring, shoots self 

J514.1 
uses mother goat's voice to fool 

kids Kl 832 
waits for children to be thrown 

awayJ2066.5 
Wolf and dog: liberty preferred over ease 

L451.3 
Wolf, fox: guard against each other's theft 

U2 1.4.1 
Wolf-food: threat to ox C25.2.1 
Woman: accedes to rape, kills self 

T47 1.0.6 
accused fialsely, execution magically 

impeded K2 11 4.1 
accuses bishop falsely, unable to 

give birth Q227.5 
ages of Z 19.3 
beauty of Z19.4 
betrothed, flees, will be God's 

bride T376.2.2 
c^tive, prince returns to betrothed 

(family) Rill. 4.1 
chastity discourages seducer 

T3 11.0.3 
chosen to sleep with enemy, kills 

K872 
condemned to dance forever in hell 

Q386.1 
confess sins, angel pardons them 

V21.1.2 
created fix)m man's rib Al 275.1 
created to procreate A1212.1 
damned for one adulterous act 

Q241.3 
deceived, thinks invader will spare 

herK1353.2 
delays sexual aa, must bathe first 

K551.4 
disfigures face, saves self fixim king 

T327.8.1 



286 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



disguised as man is abbot Kl 837.7 
dupes married couple, kill each 

other K1085 
falsely accused, wise man saves 

K2110.2 
genitals, to magically kindle fire 

D2158.1 
gives only cow, hundredfold rewanl 

Q21.1 
gives up wealth, escapes king 

T320.5 
hide in tomb, save youth's chastity 

T311.3.1 
husband pledges to devil, saved 

V252.6 
ignorant, believes sex act, injection 

of sense JI745.3 
inconsistent, timid, but able to rob 

corpses X70 
in disguise becomes pope 

K1961.2.1 
Jewish, unable to give birth, twins, 

baptized T584.0.7 
killed. Virgin revives, confesses 

E121.3.7 
lechery punished Q244.4 
lose vote to appease Neptune P691 
lose voting privilege Athens 

A1018.4 
of conquered dty, kill children, 

selves Ml 6 1.7 
prays for green eyes, blinded, wants 

si^tQ331.2.1.7 
pregnant, dreams: child's greamess 
M312.0.4, M312.0.4.1, 
M312.0.4.2, M312.0.4.3 

child will kill his &ther 
M312.0.4.4 
promises chastity, ruins marriage 

T311.0.2 
puts leper in bed, only roses found 

K2112.2 
raped by captor, severs his head, 

carries to husband Q244.6 
restrains amorous king J8 16.4 
returns, dances eternally in hell 

V5 11. 2.6.1 
saved from burning at stake 

V252.2 



sees mother hell, fether heaven 
V511.2.3 

sews holy day, stricken. Virgin 
cures M205.7 

shames lustful king T320.4 

shipwrecked, ointment revives 
ElOl 

smear foulness on breasts, not 
raped T327.4.1 

three sons, brother. Virgin pardons 
V26 1.3.1 

told felse secret J 1546 

told to hold razor near man's 
throat K21 55.4 

tricks amorous youth Kl 227.4.2 

unable to confess, kills self, chil- 
dren V22.3 

vision of blessed, prays, heaven 
V510.3 

wrongly called drunk N340.3 

yeams, baby Jesus, joins him heav- 
en V277.2 
Wood: for building church. Virgin sup- 
plies VI 11. 2.1 

transformed into stone D451.10 
Words: hurt more than wound, says lion 

W185.6 
Woilc on feast day: sickle adheres to farm- 
er's hand Q223. 1.1 

woman breaks promise, works on 
feast day K23 1.3 
Workmen: saved, churdi tower collapses 

V258 
Would-be philosopher: endures insults, 

proves self J 1074. 1.2 
Wound: in mother's side, baby bom 
T54 1.0.1 

new battle's, soldiers to forget old 
ones J2 15.6 

of Christ, food touched to, 
improves D1039.3 

Virgin cures, mother prays, son's 
V256.1.7 
Wraith: appears to announce death 

E723.6 



Years not counted: real life began with 
service to God J181.1 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



287 



Young woman: rewarded for not dancing 

Q39.3 
Yovmgest: davigjiter will marry elderiy 

warrior L54.2 
son only genuine one, tested 

P233.17 
son, best fitted to reign LI 3.2 
son, wisest L10.3 
Youtfi: calls king fool, proves case J1162.4 
choose, wife, mother, grandmother 

chaste J482.3 
disfigures fiice, avoid temptation 

T333.3 
escapes devils, sign of cross 

V86.1.10 
father's fiiend saves fix)m death 

R169.6 



in love with ugly old woman 

J445.1 
invents false report to keep secret 

Q62.1 
ridiculed by older woman X742 
takes poison instead of bene&ctor 

F959.6.3 
to abandon religion, be Christian 

M351 
told woman is goat, loves goats 

X771.2 
told women are devils, likes devils 

T371, X771.1 
tricked by woman, appears ridicu- 
lous K1227.4.2.25 



288 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



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