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Volume 1 3
Raphael Tuck & Sons
East Brunswick, New Jersey
This article is based on a paper presented
in September, 2005 at The Movable Book
Society Conference in San Diego,
The movable books produced by Raphael Tuck & Sons
represent a very small segment of the vast printing output
of the company so it is useful to have understanding of the
variety of work they produced to put their movable books
into perspective. The primary source of the biographical
information about the Tuck family and history of the
company came from The Romance of the House of
Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd published in 1966 on the
occasion of the company's 100" 1 anniversary.
was born in
1821 in a small
an area that is
now Poland. He
worked as a
carpenter and at
age 27 married
Tucks moved to
and by the
earlyl860s they had seven children, four sons and three
daughters. Their lives were disrupted by the Prusso-
Danish and Austrian War (1864-1866) and the decision
was made to move again. Raphael went to London in 1865
and found work and housing; his family soon followed.
Within a year or two after arriving in London, Raphael
and Ernestine opened a small shop where they sold prints
Raphael Tuck & Sons
and frames. The shop flourished and the business expanded
rapidly. Ernestine proved to be a good business woman, an
organizer by nature and a perfect administrator. Raphael was
very creative, skilled technically, and also a perfectionist.
In 1 869 they moved to larger premises and sons Herman,
Adolph and Gustave joined the business. In addition to the
selling and framing of pictures they entered the field of
publishing, producing black and white lithographs,
oleographs, and chromolithographs. Special attention was
paid to color reproductions.
By 1 870 the contribution of the three sons to the business
success was obvious. Adolph, who worked directly with his
father, had the same business instinct and strived for the
same level of perfection. In the official company history it is
noted that Gustave and Herman were salesman, encouraged
by their mother who, at the end of the day would have them
"compare notes, and the one who had achieved the best sales
would have the biggest egg for breakfast the next morning!"
In a print ad from the 1870s the company promotes their
specialization in "Oleography, chromos, prints, and coloured
scraps in sheets and relief. Christmas and New Year cards,
birthday, wedding and text cards." 1
I brief discussion of 19 th century printing may help
contribute to an understanding of the influence of Raphael
Tuck & Sons as a publisher. The company listed "chromos"
or chromolithographed pictures as one of their specialities.
It is the process of chromolithography that resulted in the
beautiful books, cards, and prints produced in the mid- 19th
century. A chromolithograph is a color lithograph.
Lithography was invented in at the end of the 1 8 ,h century
and originally it was a printing process achieved by etching
an image into stone with nitric acid to create either slightly
elevated or slightly depressed image areas. Eventually, as
workers began to fully understand the chemical nature of the
process, designs were drawn or painted with greasy inks
onto water-absorbing limestone. The non-image areas were
treated with gum arabic and were well moistened with water,
after which ink was applied with a roller. The oily ink
adhered only to the greasy image area and was repelled by
the water-saturated, non-image area. The image was then
printed with a special press in which a scraper bar was
drawn across a sheet of paper laid over the inked-up stone.
Lithographic stones were heavy, cumbersome, difficult to
register, and subject to breakage. Lithographs were printed
in one color, usually black, and any color was added to the
print by hand. 2 Continued on page 2
The Movable Book Society
Movable Stationery is the quarterly publication of the
Movable Book Society. Letters and articles from members
on relevant subjects are welcome. The annual membership
fee for the society is $20.00. For more information
contact: Ann Montanaro, Movable Book Society, P.O.
Box 11654, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08906 USA.
Daytime telephone: 732-445-5896
Evening telephone: 732-247-6071
e-mail: montanar@rci. rutgers. edu
The deadline for the next issue is August 15.
Continued from page 1
Chromolithography is a color process in which each of
many colors are printed by separate stones. This requires
both a number of stones and a very precise method of
placing the stones so that each color is properly applied
over the previous color. To be a classified a
chromolithograph at least three stones have to be used but
sometimes as many as 15 were used. In the 19' h century
the Germans developed the most sophisticated printing
processes using chromolithography. The far less costly
advances of photomechanical methods made
chromolithography all but obsolete by the turn of the 20*
century. Yet, no other technique has come close to
capturing the deep and rich oil based colors of the original
chomolithographs. It is interesting to note that both paper
embossing and die-cutting, used extensively by Tuck, were
also mid- 19th century inventions. 3
enterprise, new ideas, and advancement. In 1880 he took a
step that was to mark the beginning of Christmas cards as a
British custom. Adolph offered prizes worth a total of 500
guineas (estimated to be more than $ 1 0,000 today) for new
Christmas cards designs. Five thousand designs were
submitted and they were judged by members of the Royal
Academy. An exhibition was held in London and
newspapers around the world reported the enormous success.
The Saturday Review, reporting on the exhibition, said that
"Mr. Raphael Tuck awoke to find himself famous." This
pioneering event marked the turning point of Christmas
cards being the accepted way of expressing sentiment and
goodwill at Christmas time. Christmas cards were in
common use thereafter and it is reported that in 1910 Tuck
had over 4,000 card designs. 4
Many of the
Christmas cards from the
late 19 ,h century did not
feature the art work
usually associated with
cards. These following
examples are Christmas
cards from the 1 880s and
1890s from the Lilly
Library collection at
In 1881, at age 60,
Raphael Tuck retired
from the business. A
partnership had been
created with sons Adolph, Herman, and Gustave who were
determined to carry on and expand the business.
Greeting cards of all
kinds were an important
part of Tuck's business.
Christmas cards were
the first of them was
issued in 1871 and their
every year. Adolph Tuck
was very influential in
promoting this side of
the business. He was
described as having a
possessing both a
business and creative
genius supported by
untiring energy." He was a firm believer in
Adolph Tuck, who led the company after his
father's retirement, was constantly looking for new artists
and new ideas. In 1895, he again offered prizes, this time
especially for amateur writers and painters. There were more
than 4,000 prizes in money and "judges' diplomas" for the
winners in the different groups, including a children's
group. Members of the Royal Academy were again the
judges and there were about 10,000 contributions and 2,500
of the entries were exhibited in the Galleries of the Royal
Institute of Painters in Water Colours in London. 5
Prior to the 1895 competition, Adolph had offered
compensation to the renowned British poet Alfred, Lord
Tennyson to write twelve verses of 8 lines to be used in
Tuck's cards. Tennyson, who was then 80 years old and in
poor health, reluctantly declined the offer.
Continued on pagelO
Danish Record Label
Presents Movable LP Album Covers
Anton Johannes Hejl
I am proud to present a project that is more than a bit
out of the ordinary - a vinyl LP that is an object of art. I
am a musician and the owner of the Fabulous
Gramophone Record Company. This is the story of how a
project involving audiophile recording techniques, Half-
Speed vinyl mastering and 300 year old paper engineering
I have been fascinated by pop-up books for a long time
and this eventually led me to join The Movable Book
Society in 2003. Eager to meet other people in Denmark
with this interest, I searched the web and came in contact
with Kristine Suhr, who is the only professional paper
engineer in this country. We exchanged stories of how we
had stumbled upon pop-up books, and didn't talk again
until a year later when I began working on this project.
The release of the first LP in the ONE MIC series from
Fabulous Gramophone combines the efforts of three
specialists who each in their own way built upon past
tradition while expanding the frontiers of new technology.
Claus Carlsen, who
plays on the LP, uses
instruments built by
himself out of
and forks. On some
tracks I join him on
arco Double-bass. This
music has a fragile,
intimate quality, like a
Stan Ricker is the no. 1 expert in transferring sound to
a vinyl LP. Rather than reducing the music to fit a
confining technology, Stan pushes the technology to fit the
music. As an example, he developed The Half-Speed
Mastering process, which created the birth of super high-
quality labels such as: Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab,
Reference Recordings and Windham Hill. We chose to
record using a single stereo-Ribbon Microphone. A
recording technique that is challenging because no editing
is possible, but is magnificent for conveying the feel of
being in the room with the musicians.
I have always loved the magical qualities of optical
illusions, pop-up books, 8 mm films and vinyl LPs. To me
the magic of analog technology is very poetic. The idea of
creating a movable album cover struck me while working on
the music, and I immediately contacted Kristine Suhr
Kristine's career has taken her from steady work doing art
conservation at the National Museum to unsteady, but very
creative, work as a freelance paper engineer. The first craft
she learned was copper printing. She later moved on to
conservation, specializing in old books. During her studies
she came in contact with Ampersand Books and was so
captivated that she felt she had to construct a book herself.
Eventually this led her to quit her job at the National
Museum, and move from the big city of Copenhagen to the
small island of Men. Here she began cutting and glueing
paper - learning by doing. She is today an experienced paper
engineer who has designed four pop-up and carousel books
(printed in China) for popular children's TV-series and
several pop-up cards. In 2000 she was part of a team who
won the Danish design award for a Business presentation
When I presented
my idea for creating a
movable album cover,
Kristine accepted the
job right off, even
though she was busy
working on an
exhibition of her own:
(the traditional gold
frames include a lever
which you pull to start
some kind of action in
the painting!). We
discussed how to best
communicate the moods
of the music through
paper-art. She then constructed four sketches - all strong
ideas. The one we chose is inspired by a 300 hundred year
old pop-up card. It is very simple and elegant. You lift a tab
in the center to open a room where a musician rises up -
blowing his horns.
500 LPs are being manufactured in Germany. The
movable parts are printed in Copenhagen, and the album
covers will be hand-assembled in Arhus, Denmark. We will
be looking into possibilities for distribution of this type of
product to specialty shops and galleries rather than
traditional record stores.
Read more at www.fabulousgramophone.com
The Australian Pop-up Book Connection
This is an abbreviated essay first published in
The Dromkeen Society Bulletin this year. Tlte
Society is Australia 's leading organization in
the promotion and presentation of Australian
children 's literature and houses a unique
collection of original artwork, manuscripts and
You might query the heading and say what Australian
connection is there with pop-ups? Well, there is just a
tentacle of history and it won't take long to discuss it. In
the thousands of movable and pop-up books published
there have only been four Australian books in this genre
and one of these was a pirated version!
We claim Dorothy Wall
as an honorary Australian
because she came here at
age 20 from New Zealand
and later created the great
Aussie character called
Blinky Bill while living in
the Blue Mountains. Wall
gave credit to her young son
for the ideas for the cheeky
and naughty koala. Blinky
was so popular that within two years after the first story
was published in Australia a pop-up book version was
published in America. This book never appeared in
Australia because it was published illegally and then
protected by copyright by the U.S. publisher and two
separate patents for the pop-ups. Whitman Publishing Co.
in 1935 released Blinky Bill "Magic Action " Book. The
small book, 18.5cm. square, 26 pages, full color covers
and three color pop-up plates located in the front, middle
and back of the book, gives no credit to Dorothy Wall nor
any mention of an Australian connection. The first pop-up
illustrates Blinky falling into the frog pond; the second one
shows Blinky approaching Miss Prom's lolly shop and the
last three-dimensional illustration has him raiding the
peppermint jar! The price has changed to 5 cents (Australia
had sterling currency at that time) and the unsuspecting
American audience had no idea that an Australian cultural
icon had been stolen and shown in a form that would not be
seen in Australia for another 5 1 years.
In 1986 Angus & Robertson Australia, published The
Pop-up Waltzing Matilda illustrated by Patrick Cook, the
political cartoonist and satirist. It was paper engineered by
Ron Van der Meer Paper Design Ltd. in London and
produced in Cali, Columbia. It is a hard-bound book
12.5x24cm. with five double-page pop-up spreads with
multiple tabs that pull up various elements of the story in
very graphic form. The blurb on the back cover deserves to
be quoted in full:
'At last these moving moments in verse are captured in
pictures that move! To celebrate this momentous occasion,
we present a guide for the benefit of those previously
excluded by accident of birth from sharing the mysteries of
this mythic Australian classic"
Then there is a list of Aussie terms and translations for
words covering billabongs to tuckerbags. Of course this book
is out of print and hard to find (ISBNO-207-15170-9).
The Pop-up Waltzing Matilda
We must thank the Australian illustrator Graeme Base
for his international success with Animalia in 1987, which
gave the impetus to the next two publications. Penguin
Books Australia and Harry N. Abrams in the U.S. in 1995
issued Base's My Grandma Lived in Gooligulch. First
issued as a standard hardback in 1 983 by Thomas Nelson,
it became viable for the publishers to repackage previously
published Base works to a fresh audience and ride on the
back of the resurgence in the popularity of movable books
worldwide. New companies from book packagers to third
world printing firms, producing print runs of up to
10 0,000 for
individual books at
low cost, quickly
found a niche. Export
workforces of quality
craft people created
from printers in South
and China. My
Grandma Lived in
produced by Compass
Productions, a book
packager, and Keith
Moseley was the
senior paper engineer
in designing the
Moseley, at one time
called the "grandfather of the new phase of pop-up
creations" is a superb designer and artist/illustrator in his
own right and in this publication has given Graeme Base's
original text and art a fresh life. In this abridged version,
20x28cm.,with 16 pages with covers, there are five
double-page pop-up scenes enhanced with three tab-
activated movables. It all comes together to delight
children and adults in this poetic tale of an eccentric
grandma who rides a kangaroo and dines with emus. Tall
tales from the Australian bush are blended with realism to
complement the poem's humor.
In 1996 Penguin Books
Australia and Abrams followed
with Lewis Carroll's
Jabberwocky, a Book ofBrillag
Dioramas. First published in
1987 by The Macmillan
Company, Graeme Base
redesigned his original version
as seven multi-layered, three-
dimensional diorama fold-outs
so that, when the covers are
back to back, they form a
carousel effect in a book
21x27cm. Produced again by
Compass Productions in
California and printed in
Singapore, the color separations and retouching were done
by Ross McCartney & Associates in Melbourne. This classic
nonsense poem taken from Through the Looking Glass and
set in medieval times has a new lease on life as an inventive
and ingenious stage-like enactment. These are the books
with a direct connection with Australia through writers and
My Grandmother Lived in Gooligulch
Lewis Carroll's Jabberwocky
I have two pop-up books with an indirect Australian
angle and both are outstanding examples of pop-up and
movable art. In 1990 National Geographic published
Wonderful Animals of Australia. Within a compact size of
22x24cm. and in six double-page spreads, this volume
became one of 23 movable pop-up books published by the
Society from 1985 to 1995. Prepared by The Special
Publications Division and with literally unlimited resources
to produce the finest series of educational and entertaining
books for all ages, the quality remains outstanding.
Packaged by White Heat Limited and paper engineered by
James Roger Diaz and Rick Morrison it was printed in Cali,
Columbia by Carvajal S.A. Pop-ups, tabs, and the folded
page were all used to explain, enhance and enthral the
reader in experiencing the unique fauna of Australia. Each
movement, each motion was calculated to give extra
dimension to the words and illustrations. The art of three-
dimensional representation had reached a high plateau that
was thought to be the pinnacle, but over the next 1 5 years
it became clear that there is no limit to the imagination of
the human mind, ingenuity and skills of a dedicated
workforce and the
dreams of artists.
Ron Van der
Meer, first discussed
above with Patrick
Cook's book, is a
outside of London.
His studio in the
1990s and early 2 1st
century produced a
stunning number of
publications that set a very high standard for the next
generation of paper engineers. Monster Island made its
debut in 198 land this quaint early pop-up book sold over
300,000 copies; Van der Meer was on his way. The next
year saw Raymond Briggs' classic, Fungus the Bogeyman
a risque 3D pop-up, sell 150,000 copies in Britain alone.
It was the first contemporary movable book commissioned
by any publishing firm. These huge, successful editions
gave Van der Meer the chance to broaden the horizon and
he was the first designer/paper engineer/packager to
realize there was an adult market ready to purchase
beautifully made pop-up books. In 1992 the first of his
"pack" series, the Art Pack, hit the market place. The
large, three-dimensional, multi-layered Art Pack was
quickly followed by The Maths Pack, The Brain Pack and
the Australian interest is found in The Architecture Pack
of 1997. Full with pop-ups, pullouts and interactive paper
models, the generous size of a 28cm. square book with
seven double-page spreads has the capability of giving the
reader a tour of architecture history in an irresistible and
As you open the fourth
double-page spread the
Sydney Opera House
literally soars over twelve
centimeters high from the
center fold pages. In stark
black and white, the
scalloped sails represented
here in exquisite complicated paper modeling, reflect in
accurate detail the timeless elegance of architect Jorn
Utzon's vision. The book's chapter is called "New
materials, New shapes," and in discussing steel, concrete
and plastic, the age-old media of paper utilized by creative
designers can explain and educate the lay person using
methods dating back centuries. Designed with only paper,
clever folding, and strategically placed glue spots, the
strength of this construction has to be felt and studied. This
tactile element is one of the senses actively involved when
you handle a great pop-up book. Your first thought usually
is, how did they make this? Why doesn't it fall apart? Of
course the attrition rate is high for pop-up books are to be
read and enjoyed by all. Glance at the antiquarian bookseller
lists and you can see how hard it is to find older stock.
Sydney Opera House in The Architecture Pack
Why have there not been more Australian movable/pop-
up books or Australian content discussed in other
publications? The simple anecdotal answer is where we are
located and our miniscule presence in the publishing world.
Until recently we were divided and carved up between the
English and American publishers. To play on the world
stage for bidding rights, justification comes through sales
and even though Australians per capita are one of the
world's prolific book buyers, we sit at the back of the queue
to receive the leftovers and remainders.
But what we and every other society through the ages
have had are collectors, those intrepid individuals who
gather, collate, enthuse and then pass on to the next
generation of unofficial hoarders their booty. Nicholas A.
Basbanes, in his wonderful book ,4 Gentle Madness profiles
" ...bibliophiles and bibliomanes past and present, and sets
them off against an eternal passion for books that has been
apparent over the past twenty-five centuries. " It is the
illogical, extravagant and, yes, selfish collector who
maintains beyond common sense the desire and need of the
hunt for the never-ending gap in any collection.
I may only have four Australian related pop-up books out
of many thousands, but all together they are samples of an
art in book-making that is sublime, soothing for the mind
and incredibly exciting. My 25 years of collecting these
wonderful books has been a labor of discovery and
enjoyment for all the combined skills needed in creating
hand-made ephemeral that simply says "open up and be
Livingston, New Jersey
1 = AWFUL 2 = POOR
3 = O.K. 4 = GOOD
5 = SUPERB
m\°J^BS^<J a By
I KNOW AN OLD LADY WHO SWALLOWED A
FLY. Illustrated by Claudia Rueda. Designed by Treesha
Runnells. Paper engineering by Bruce Reifel and Rodger
by Piggy Toes
Press in 2004 in
About 8" x 11".
14 pages. 7
ups + a movable
This funny children's song has found a wonderfully
amusing illustrator in Claudia Rueda and the perfect paper
engineers to make her illustrations come alive. The pop-
ups are original and absolutely delightful. The old lady is
warm, witty and full of whimsy. This is a charming book.
Paper Eng.: Original and amusing.
AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL. Paper engineering,
design and illustrations by Robert Sabuda. Published by
Little Simon, an imprint of
Simon & Schuster
Division in Oct., 2004.
$26.95. 26 x 21 cm. 14
pages. 7 phenomenal
These intricate pop-ups are
tied to the words of the
song, "America the
Beautiful". They are
unbelievably complex and
lovely. All of the pop-ups
are in white, except for the Golden Gate Bridge, and this
adds an elegance and dignity to the book. The bridge is
really an architectural masterpiece of paper engineering.
Each pop-up is more exciting than the previous one. A
must own for any collector. Paper Eng.: Magnificent!
Original concept, paper
engineering, and pop-
up illustrations by
Anton Radevsky. Art
Despotova. Created by
Company. Published by
Universe Publishing, a
division of Rizzoli International Publications, Inc. in New
York City. Published Dec, 2004. ISBN 0-7893-1188-7.
$39.95. HVi" x 1 VA". 6 double-page pop-ups. There are 12
pages with large side flaps, within which 21 additional
pop-ups are contained. This elaborate pop-up book features
world-wide architectural constructions, both historical and
contemporary. In some cases it does so in an ingenious way,
such as the Chrysler Building which keeps telescoping.
There is also an intricate Notre-Dame Cathedral, on which
you attach the main facade, and a 3D tunnel view of its
interior through the main door. From the Taj Mahal to the
Guggenheim Museum in Bilboa, you have a pop-up of each
building, but also some history about it and its impact on
architecture through time. Paper Eng: This is complex
book, but it works well.
Written by Judy
and paper engineering by
Designed by On the Fly
Published by Disney
Enterprises, Inc. in June
2004. ISBN 0-7868-
5423-5. $24.95. 5 large
double-page pop-ups and a few smaller ones. Younger
children will enjoy the pop-ups of Walt Disney World,
especially if they have been there. Older children and adults
will find the many facts given about the park fascinating.
The pop-up of Epcot is well-done and works perfectly. I also
liked the way the borders were utilized for additional facts.
This is a more intricate pop-up book than previous ones by
Disney. I hope this is a forecast of those we may see in the
future. Paper Eng: Colorful and fun.
SPEED MACHINES. Illustrations by Keith Robinson.
Design by Melanie Random. Paper engineering by Matt
Powers. Published by Piggy Toes Press, which is a
trademark of Intervisual Books, Inc. that produced this
book. ISBN 1-581 17-323-7. $14.95. 21 x 26 cm. 8pages
+ movable cover. 4 double-page spreads. This is not really
a pop-up, but mainly a lift-the-flap book with working
gears which turn by twisting a wheel for each of the four
machines. There is a racing car, a jet plane, a
motorcycle, and a train shown within the book. The fact
that this book calls itself a pop-up because each machine
lifts itself slightly off the page as you turn to it bothers me.
Young children enamored of machines will enjoy it.
Paper Eng: Well done, but more mechanical than pop-up.
By Derek Gallagher.
Illustrated by Sally
engineering by E.
by Arty Projects
Studio, Ltd. Published by Western National Parks
Association in 2004. ISBN 1-58369-048-4. $16.95. 9%"
x 8 3 /4 M . 10 pages. 5 double-page pop-ups and many smaller
ones and lots of pull-tabs. All the large pop-ups in this
book are double-sided and fascinating. Not enough use is
made of this possibility in most books. The people who
were involved in this book tried to add interest in every
way. Unlike many pop-up books where expense is an
important consideration, nothing was eliminated that adds
to its visual impact. This book is about some of our
national parks and monuments and is full of wonderful
illustrations and facts. This is a lovely book.
Paper Eng.: Terrific.
scene. This book is lovely. A child would be delighted to
see these stories come alive while someone is reading the
stories to them. Paper Eng.: Complex and works well.
The Flip Book Show
Though not really a movable nor a pop-up book, the
charm of flip books attracts many of the same collectors. I
sat upright when I saw on German television a short item on
the May 6 lh opening of the first ever exhibition of flip books
in the Kunsthalle in Diisseldorf, Germany: "Daumenkino /
The Flip Book Show."
The exhibit presents a survey of the history of this pre-
cinema oddity, from the time British printer John Barnes
Linnett patented it in 1 868 until our very days. The use of
the sequential string of pictures by artists and film makers in
flip books, in experimental movies, and in artists' books is
shown. Flip books by over 170 artists have been collected
and displayes in sections like monographic retrospectives
(Ruth Hayes and George Griffin), surveys of certain forms of
pictures (portrait, short movie), the history of animation of
erotic topics, and later historical periods (1960s- 1970s).
The flip books by modern artists get special attention in
the exhibition, showing works of, amongst others, John
Baldessari, Volker Gerling, Gilbert & George, Douglas
Gordon, Keith Haring, Sigrun Kohler, Eric Lanz, Bruce
Nauman, Tony Oursler, Dieter Roth, and Andy Warhol.
Some books with several copies are available, can be flipped
by the visitors themselves. However, for the historical and
rarer books, an alternative presentation has been developed.
The exhibition lasts until July 17, 2005 and is
accompanied by an extensive publication with DVD, to be
published by the Snoeck Verlagsgesellschaft in Cologne.
D-402 13 Diisseldorf
THE WORLD OF PETER RABBIT POP-UP
CAROUSEL BOOK. By Beatrix Potter. Paper
engineering by Keith Finch. Frederick Warne, published
by the Penguin Group, Penguin Books Ltd. in 2004. ISBN
0-7232-4997-0. $18.99. 12" x 10". This book begins with
the tales of Peter Rabbit, Jeremy Fisher, and then Tom
Kitten. After that it opens into a carousel book with three
wonderful 3-D scenes; Peter Rabbit's burrow. Tom
Kitten's house, and Jeremy Fisher's lily pad. All the
characters are in a separate envelope to insert into each
Save the Dates
The next conference of The Movable Book Society will be
held in Chicago, Illinois from September 14-16, 2006. More
information will be available later this year.
An exhibition of historical English (or mostly English)
pop-up books is being planned for Birmingham, England in
Raphael Tuck & Sons
Compiled by Ann Montanaro
Note: Unless otherwise specified, the following bibliographic descriptions come from the catalog
records supplied by one or more of the owning institutions. If no institution follows the citation, the
title is not listed in OCLC's WorldCat or the RLG Union Catalog, databases of library and museum
holdings, each recording over 45 million titles.
AH Baba and the Forty- Thieves: With "Come to Life" Pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series.
1952. (British Library; University of Virginia).
Alice in Wonderland: With "Come to Life" Panorama. Storyland Treasury. Ada Bowley, illustrator. . TA" -
9 3 A". One pop-up. (University of California, Los Angeles).
Am Meeresstrand: Nach einemlOO Jahre alien Stehaufbilderbuch. Germany, J.F. Schreiber, n.d (1986?). 22 x 30 cm.
Reproduction of Seaside Pleasures with 20 lh illustrations by Milada Krautmann and text by Hildegarde Krahe.
Annie Get Your Gun: Seen Through the Eyes of a Child, Adapted from the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Technicolor
Production. . Four pop-ups. (British Library).
Arabian Nights Stories with "Come to Life" Panorama. Illustrated by H. G. Theaker and others. [1920-1930]. 156
pages. "One double-spread pop-up." Bookseller's Description.
Behind the Curtain in Faiiyland. . "Five panel panorama with pop-up pictures." Bookseller's Description.
Christopher: With "Come to Life" Pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1952. Two pop-ups.
Cinderella: With "Come to Life" Pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1952. (British Library;
Western Michigan University).
Comical Kittens and their Frolics. 1 896. "Two movable plates. "(Boston University, Yale University).
Cosy Cot Farm with Pictures and Verses the Children to Charm. [1 895]. Two double-page pop-ups. (San Francisco
Country Life. 1896. "6 tier color litho dimensional scene." Bookseller's description.
Days of Delight. 1896. http://www.ampersandbooks.co.uk/ August 18, 2004
Dick Whittington: With "Come-to-Life" Pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. Dinah, illustrator.
. 20 pages. Two double-page pop-ups. Bookseller's description.
The Doll's House. . "Six fold-out, stand-up pages illustrating five rooms in the doll's house." (Osborne
Collection, Toronto Public Library).
Down on the Farm: With "Come to Life " Pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1 952. (British
Fairy Tales Adventures: With "Come to Life " Panorama. Storyland Treasury. Illustrated by Molly Benatar. M. and A.
L. Bowley, et. al. [192-?]. 152 pages. "One double-page, color pop-out with all the nursery characters." Bookseller's
Family Portraits. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. [189-?].Two tab-lifted illustrations. (Private collection).
Father Tuck's ABC Spelling Book. Father Tuck's Little Lesson Series. [189-?]. Two double-page pop-ups. (University
Father Tuck's Annual for Little People with "Come to Life " Pictures. London, Paris, New York, n.d. 265x195 mm.
1 1 1, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration by Beatrice Mallet. Published between 1932 and 1934. Two pop-up
illustrations: "Fine Fun on the Sands" and "The Animals went in Two by Two." First item: "Something very special."
Stories with b/w illustrations, two-tone illustrations in blue, green, red or yellow, and four color plates. Information
supplied by Theo Gielen.
Father Tuck's Annual for Little People with "Come to Life" Pictures. London, Paris, New York, n.d. 265x195 mm.
Cover illustration shows a boy wearing a red shirt and green hat, holding a dog, with golf clubs visible over the boy's
shoulder. Includes two pop-up illustrations: an urban street scene with people on horseback and an elephant with rider
in the foreground and a second scene with toys, dolls, and stuffed animals.
Father Tuck's Annual for Little People with "Come to Life" Pictures. London, Paris, New York, n.d. 265x195 mm.
1 1 1, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration of two children in clown costumes by Beatrice Mallet. Published between
1932 and 1934. Two pop-up illustrations: "Birdland" and "Nursery Rhyme Friends." Stories with b/w illustrations,
two-tone illustrations in blue, green, red or yellow, and four color plates. Information supplied by Theo Gielen.
Father Tuck's Annual for Little People with "Come to Life" Pictures. London, Paris, New York, n.d. 265x195 mm.
1 10, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration by Beatrice Mallet featuring two children, one riding on the back of the
other, in a snowy scene with a snowman in the background. Published between 1932 and 1934. Two pop-up
illustrations: "At School in Catland" and "Life at the Farm." First item: "Many Happy Returns. " Stories with b/w
illustrations, two-tone illustrations in blue, green, red or yellow, and four color plates. Information supplied by Theo
See also Tuck's Annual with Realistic Surprise Panoramas.
Father Tuck's Book of Surprises. Father Tuck's "Mechanical Series." Printed in Bavaria. (Private collection).
Father Tuck's Fairy Tales. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. Printed in Bavaria. , Four tab-operated plates.
Father Tuck's Holiday Hours. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. [192-?]. 4 pop-ups. (Private collection).
Father Tuck's Pets on the Farm ABC. . "With 4 chromolithographed movable plates with levers." Bookseller's
Fireside pictures. . "8 Moveables." Bookseller's description.
For Freedom! A Panoramic Picture Stoiy Book of Our Navy-Anny & Air Force. [ 1 94-?]. 3 pop-ups. (Private
Friends in the Countiy. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. [190-?]. 10 pages. Four tab-operated mechanicals. Private
Fun at the Circus. Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book Series #608. . (Osborne Collection, Toronto
Public Library; University of California, Los Angeles; University of Florida; University of North Texas).
Fun for Little Folks. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series.. Pull-down plates. (Plaining. Movable Books, pp. 36-37).
The Gingerbread Boy: Animated Pictures. [Julian Wehr images and mechanicals without attribution.] 1950. (British
Granny 's Stories About Animals. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. [ 1 890]. "Four full-color movable illustrations
operated by levers. "(University of Florida).
In Father Tuck's Playroom. . "Eight fold-down plates." (Private collection).
I'll Tell You a Story: With "Come to Life" Panorama. Come to Life Series. [193-?]. 8 'A" x 9Vi". 24 pages. One double-
page pop-up. (Private collection).
Isn 't It Funny! 1 895. "4 full-colour, movable illustrations operated by levers."
Jack and the Beanstalk: Animated Pictures. [Julian Wehr images and mechanicals without attribution.] 1950. [British
Library; University of Oxford).
Jolly Companions. . Two double-page pop-ups showing "The Pleasures of Summer" and "The Pleasures of
Winter." (Private collection).
Little Playmates at Work. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. Text by Clifton Bingham. Illustrated by M. Bowley.
. Bookseller's description:"There are four full-page, full color, three-dimensional, pull-down pop-ups which
make into two separate planes of full color pictures to complete the scene." Renier Collection).
Little Red Riding Hood. Artistic Series #605. . "Contains colored picture panels that when pulled to one side
pop-up to give a 3D appearance." (Utah State University).
Little Red Riding Hood. The Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book Series. 605. . (Kent State University;
University of Florida).
Little Red Riding Hood: With "Come to Life " Pictures. Father Tuck's "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1952.
Little Red Riding Hood: Animated Pictures. By Julian Wehr. 1950. (British Library; Cotsen Collection, Princeton
University; University of Florida).
Merry Times. 1895. "Four transformational slat plates." Bookseller's description.
The Night Before Christmas: Animated Pictures. [Julian Wehr images without attribution.] 1950. (British Library).
Nursery Rhymes: With "Come to Life" Pictures. Father Tuck's "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1952. Two fan-
folded pop-ups. (British Library).
Old Nurseiy Friends. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. . Description from book seller: "4 full-page, colour
moveable illustrations, operated by levers."
Our Friends at the Zoo. Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book Series #609. . "Six coloured plates with
manually operated overlays which when raised from the page give depth to the pictures." (Osborne Collection, Toronto
Public Library; University of Oxford).
Panoramic Pictures at the Zoo. No. 9910. [189-?]. Folding book: 21 x 162 cm. full size, folds to 21 x 27 cm.
Panoramic design with each of the 6 panels having a pull-down plate. Each pull-down is of an animal in a cage: lions,
tigers, camels, zebras, deer, bears. (University of California, Los Angeles).
Play and Pleasure. 1896. "Children's book with illustrations with movable tabs." (Glendale [California] Public
Library). 12 pages 25 cm.
Playtime Pictures: Pictures and Rhymes for Holiday Times. By Clifton Bingham. [1881-1895]. "Four pop-up
illustrations printed in colour." (Osborne Collection, Toronto Public Library).
Pleasure Pages. 1890. 9Va" x 12". "Ten pages with four transformation pictures. 1 st transformation: petting donkey to
picking wild flowers. 2nd transformation: picking blackberries to standing in meadow. 3rd transformation: by the sea
to picking wild flowers. 4th transformation: playing with rabbits to sleeping in haystack" Bookseller's description.
Puss in Boots: Animated Pictures . [Julian Wehr images and mechanicals without attribution.] 1950. (British Library).
Robinson Crusoe. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. . "Four tab-operated color plates follow Crusoe's
adventures." Bookseller's catalog.
Robinson Crusoe. The Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book #604. . One large double-page pop-up.
(University of California, Los Angeles).
Robinson Crusoe: "With come to life panorama." By Defoe Daniel [abridged]. Illustrated by Howard Davie and R. B.
Ogle. . One double-page pop-up. Private collection.
Seaside Pleasures. 1896. "6 page diorama." Bookseller's description.
Sea stories and other stories: "With come to life panorama. " By Major Charles Gilson, Natalie Joan and others.
Illustrated by C. E. Brock and T. Cuneo. . 160 pages. '"Come to Life' panorama is a card cut out of ships which
stand out against the page." (Buffalo & Erie County [New York] Public Library). Bookseller's description.
Slovenly Peter. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. [189-?]. Horizontal tabs. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis).
Snow-White: With "Come to Life" pictures. Father Tuck "Come-to-Life" Little Books Series. 1952. (British Library).
Snow White: Animated Pictures. Animations by Julian Wehr. Duenwald Printing Corporation copyright holder. 1949.
(British Library; University of Florida).
Stories from Dickens for Boys and Girls: With "Come to Life " Panorama. The Storyland Treasury. [ 1 93-?]. One
double-page pop-up. (Boston University).
Summer Surprises. 1 896. Two panoramic, peep-show-style pictures. (Haining, Movable Books, pp. 40-41. ).
The Three Kittens. The Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book #607. [1900-?]. Private collection.
Three Little Bears. The Combined Expanding Toy and Painting Book #606. [190-?]. (Osborne Collection, Toronto
To Market We Will Go. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series.[189-?]. "Layered cut-out illustrations are hinged to produce
a three-dimensional effect. "(University of Delaware).
To Picture Land: Personally Conducted by Father Tuck. 1895. Two double-page pop-ups: "Friends at the Farm" and
"Seaside Pleasures." (Boston University. University of California, Los Angeles).
Told by the Animals: With "Come to Life" Panorama. The Storyland Treasury. [192-?]. One pop-up. (University of
Tuck's Annual with Realistic Surprise Panoramas. London. Paris. New York. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd.. .
265x200 mm. 144, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration by Molly Benatar. Three pop-up illustrations: "Travels by
train," "By sea and air," and "Fun at the circus." Stories with b/w illustrations and yellow: four color plates. Volume
34 of Tuck's Annual, the first under its new name (since 1899 they were entitled "Father Tuck's Annual") and the
first to contain pop-up panoramic models - as the preface reads. Information supplied by Theo Gielen.
Tuck's Annual with Realistic Surprise Panoramas. London, Paris, New York, Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., .
265x200 mm. 144, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration of a boy and a girl under an umbrella in the snow, by Molly
Benatar. Three pop-up illustrations: "The Joy of Motoring," "Changing Guard, Whitehall," and "All the Fun of the
Fair." Volume 35 of the series. First story: "This wonderful world." Stories with b/w illustrations and yellow; four
color plates. Information supplied by Theo Gielen.
Tuck's Annual with Realistic Surprise Panoramas. London, Paris, New York, Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., .
265x195 mm. Ill, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration of a boy and a girl sitting in a carriage, by Molly Benatar. Two
pop-up illustrations: "The Tower Bridge" and "Glorious Days of Sport". Volume 36 of the series. First story: "The
Spirit of Progress." Stories with b/w illustrations and four color plates. Information supplied by Theo Gielen.
Tuck's Annual with Realistic Surprise Panoramas. London, Paris, New York, Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., .
265x195 mm. 1 11, (1) p. Cloth spine; cover illustration by Molly Benatar. Two pop-up illustrations: "An Indian
Durbar" and "The Tower of London." The 37th and last volume of annuals in the series. Stories with b/w illustrations
and four color plates. Information supplied by Theo Gielen.
See also: Father Tuck 's Annual for Little People with "Come to Life " Pictures.
Under the Greenwood Tree. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. . Bookseller's description: "A six panel
peepshow with intricate cut-outs showing a grand picnic in the woods." Cataloging record: "Three-dimensional color
picture at back of book; in slipcase." (Buffalo & Erie County [New York] Public Library).
A Very Good Book. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series. . "32 color lithograph illustrations on 8 tabs which are
pulled to change the illustrations viewed through cut outs."(Cotsen Collection, Princeton University).
The Water Babies: With "Come to Life" panorama. Come to Life Series. [192-?]. One double-page pop-up.
We've Tales to Tell: With "Come to Life" panorama. Come to Life Series. [193-?]. One double-page pop-up. (Private
With Father Tuck in Playtime. Father Tuck's Mechanical Series with Movable Figures. Text by Clifton Bingham.
Illustrations by M. Bowley. . "Four stand-up plates." http://www.ampersandbooks.co.uk/; August 18, 2004.
Airport Scenic Panorama Book. n.d. . 12" x 10 14". "Includes more than 30 paper figures. Each of the four
panels is beautifully illustrated with chromolithographs. There are numbered slats into which the reader inserts the
corresponding figure to complete the airport scene and most are interchangeable. Typical 50's style illustration and
nice." Bookseller's description.
Alice in Wonderland Panorama with Movable Pictures. 1926. Description from Bookseller's catalog:"The rear cover
has a pocket with a covering flap which houses 15 card figures of Alice and the other Wonderland characters. The
book folds out panorama style to reveal two pages of story and black and white drawings on the same side as the
covers. The reverse side is four pages of color lithograph illustrations with 15 numbered slots to pop the 15 characters
into." (University of Illinois; Princeton University).
The Army and Navy. [Between 1913 and 1925]. "Plates attached to both sides of four cardboard panels, folded out to
form a strip 23 x 73 cm. Army uniforms are on one side, navy uniforms on the other." (Osborne Collection. Toronto
The Busy Seaport Scenic Panorama Book. Ellis Silas, illustrator, [mid 20* century]. "With Picture Models of Ships
etc. for arranging in position. Pictorial card wraps, unfolds to show 4 scenes." Bookseller's description.
The Busy Seaport Scenic Panorama Book. Reproduction. .
Buttercup Farm. Father Tuck's "Panorama" Series. . 3 'A" x 5". "Embossed chromolithographed card cover,
concertina folded chromolithographed sheet with die-cut figures of animals and stands. Four pages of text about farm
animals, five pages of fold-out, colorful, glossy stiff animal figures, with two animals on each page." Bookseller's
Coronation Procession Panorama with Movable Pictures. . 10" x 12". "A four-fold book, printed on heavy
paper, colour illustrated background, with many cut-out coloured models to be inserted into numbered slots along the
route of the procession. Two sides of text describing the event on reverse. Includes: Coach, Horses & Riders, Solders,
Banners, Buckingham Palace & the Queen Victoria Memorial etc." Bookseller's description.
Days in Catland with Louis Wain. Father Tuck's Panorama. . 10" xl2 l A". "Featuring four panels, each showing
the interior of a different room in the cats' house with Wain's humanized cats and furniture illustrated with
chromolithographs. Throughout the panels there are 14 numbered slots into which the reader inserts the corresponding
figure to complete the scene. There are 14 fabulous color cat cut-outs by Wain showing this family of cats playing,
eating, cooking, fighting etc., plus there is an amazing chromolithographed cover." Bookseller's description. (Cotsen
Collection, Princeton University).
Days in Catland with Louis Wain. New York, Shackman & Co., 1991. Includes 14 cut-out figures of individual cats
and groups of cats to place within the 4 scenes of the panorama. Reproduction of Days in Catland with Louis Wain.
A Day in the Forest: To Myrtle Grove Farm. 1895. "A book-like folding panorama containing three double-page pop-
ups." Whitton. Cataloging record: "Six leaves (covers included) pasted together as to open in a straight line, as well as
a regular book; movable cut-out leaves, pasted to each larger leaf, complete the scenes; smaller board (77 x 88 mm.)
pasted on front cover reveals color scene when lifted." (Indiana University).
Father Tuck's Alice in Wonderland. New York, Shackman & Co., 2000. Reproduction of Father Tuck's Alice in
Wonderland, Panorama. (University of Southern California).
Father Tuck's Alice in Wonderland, Panorama. [1900?]. "Folded mounted pages." (Cleveland [Ohio] Public Library;
University of Virginia).
Father Tuck's Express Train Panorama. [1890?]. http://www.ampersandbooks.co.uk/; August 18, 2004
Father Tuck's Express Train Panorama With Movable Pictures. New York, Shackman & Co., 1995. Includes 15 cut-
out figures - passengers, workers, train parts - to be displayed within the 4 scenes of the panorama. Reproduction of
Father Tuck's Express Train Panorama.
Father Tuck 's Meadowsweet Farm. n.d. "Panorama book opening out to show four full-colour scenes in which you can
place the 15 farm animals and figures. These are contained in envelope at the back of the book." Bookseller's
Father Tuck's Noah 's Ark Panorama. No record found for the original edition.
Father Tuck's Noah 's Ark Panorama. New York, Shackman & Co., 1997. Includes 15 cut-out pairs of animals place
within the 4 scenes of the panorama. Reproduction of Father Tuck 's Noah 's Ark Panorama.
Father Tuck 's Nursery Rhyme Panorama with Movable Pictures. "Ca. 1910. 14 characters to insert in slots."
Father Tuck's World's Circus Panorama with Movable Pictures. New York. Shackman & Co., 1998. Includes 14
different die-cut pieces to arrange within the 4 scenes of the panorama. Reproduction of World's Circus Panorama
with Movable Pictures. (Private collection).
Feathered Friends. Father Tuck's Panorama Series, n.d. V/z" x 5". "Illustrated color wrapper on front. Back cover is a
sheet of punch-out pieces to make the figures stand, four pages of text about bird figures, five pages of fold-out glossy
color stiff bird figures, two birds to each page." Bookseller's description.
Fun at the Seaside Panorama Book. n.d. . lO'/i " x 12". Illustrated by Dinah. "From the back cover: 'HOW TO
MAKE UP THIS SCENIC PANORAMA. Unseal the flap above, and you will find an envelope in which are a number
 of cut-out models. These are for you to fit into their places in the background of this Panorama to make up a
fascinating, realistic scene. To guide you, each cut-out model is numbered, and there are corresponding numbers by
the slots in the background into which the models are to be fitted. The Panorama can be opened out to stand firmly: or
if closed it forms a handsome book with a charming full-colour cover. When you have fixed the models in their slots,
bend them outwards, when a realistic THIRD DIMENSIONAL effect is produced.'" Bookseller's description.
Little Red Riding Hood. Father Tuck's Panorama Series. [1908?]. At head of title: Hutzler Brothers Co. "There are
Five 3" by 5" color pages of Little Red Riding Hood paper doll-like cut-outs with a page of cardboard pieces to act as
bases or stands for the figures. There is a beautiful front cover that has Hutzler Brothers Co., a Baltimore based
Department Store, imprinted across the top edge. So this was more than likely an advertising premium for the store."
Little Snow-White. Father Tuck's Panorama Series. 1900. 3" x 4'A ". "Consisting of 1 page of instructions and four
pages of story, after which are attached five chromolithographed panels of paper doll figures folded accordion style
and opening to 15". Also included is 1 page of die-cut stands that the reader uses to mount the figures on after cutting
them out." (Pennsylvania State University).
RAF Fighter Station Scenic Panorama. "46 picture models of planes, etc. for arranging in position. To give a three-
dimensional effect." Bookseller's description.
Road Travel. Roland Towers, illustrator. . "Scenic panorama book with 51 picture models of cars, figures, etc.
for arranging in position to give a three-dimensional effect. Two double-page spreads with slots for die-cut shaped
figures to insert into the slots." Bookseller's description.
Royal Naval Review Scenic Panorama Review, n.d. "Four fold-out panorama with 44 picture models of ships, etc. for
arranging in position give three-dimensional effect. Printed in England." Bookseller's description.
With Father Tuck at the Circus. Verses by Clifton Bingham. [1920-1930]. 10" x 12V4". "Large four-section panorama
pictures four circus performances. Each section has four horizontal slits, each of which accepts the base tab supporting
a clown, a performer or a circus animal." Whitton.
With Father Tuck at the Seaside. . "Four panels each measuring \2'/i inches (totaling 50inches). Contains 16
figures which can be interchanged to create different scenes." Bookseller's description.
With Father Tuck in Fairyland. . "The pictures are made up by arranging the cut out figures in different parts of
the scenery." (Cotsen Collection, Princeton University; University of California, Los Angeles).
With Father Tuck in Fairyland Panorama. New York, Shackman & Co., [199-?]. Includes 15 different, numbered
die-cut pieces to arrange within the 4 scenes of the panorama. Reproduction of With Father Tuck in Faiiyland.
World's Circus Panorama with Movable Pictures. [1 890?]. Panorama with figures.
Raphael Tuck & Sons References
The following references include information about Raphael Tuck & Sons
and/or the paper products produced by the company
Carver, Sally S. TJie American Postcard Guide to Tuck. Brookline, Massachusetts, Carves Cards, 1976.
Haining, Peter. Movable Books: An Illustrated Histoiy. London, New English Library Limited, 1979.
Hannas, Linda. The Jigsaw Book. New York, Dial Press, 1981.
Jendrick, Barbara Whitton. Paper Dolls & Paper Toys of Raphael Tuck & Sons. Privately published, 1970.
Krebs, Marta K. Raphael Tuck "Belles" Paper Dolls in Full Color. Mineola, New York, Dover Publications, 1990.
Krebs, Marta K. Raphael Tuck "Little Maids" Paper Dolls in Full Color. Mineola, New York, Dover Publications,
Montanaro, Ann R. Pop-up and Movable Books: A Bibliography. Metuchen, New Jersey, The Scarecrow Press, 1993.
Montanaro, Ann R. Pop-up and Movable Books: A Bibliography. Supplement 1. 1991 - 1997. Lantham, Maryland,
The Scarecrow Press, 2000.
Opie, Iona and Peter. Opie Collection of Children's Literature. Ann Arbor, Michigan, UMI, 1990-. [161 Microfiche.
Many Tuck books are included in this microfiche collection.]
Opie, Iona and Peter. The Opie Collection of Children 's Literature: A Guide to the Microfiche Collection. Ann Arbor,
Raphael Tuck & Sons. Raphael House. London, Raphael Tuck & Sons, 1899.
Raphael Tuck & Sons. The Romance of the House of Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd: Published on the Occasion of the
Company's Centenary. London, Raphael Tuck & Sons, 1966. [As reproduced in Jendrick's Paper Dolls and Paper
Toys of Raphael Tuck & Sons.]
Sawin, Sylvia D. Raphael Tuck Antique Paper Dolls in Full Color: From the Collection of the Children's Museum,
Boston, Massachusetts. Mineola. New York, Dover Publications, 1987.
Whitton, Blair and Margaret Whitton. Collector's Guide to Raphael Tuck & Sons: Paper Dolls, Paper Toys, &
Children 's Books. Cumberland, Maryland: Hobby House Press, 1991.
Australian Pop-up Book Exhibitions
As a long-standing but silent member of the MBS, I
have finally put pen to paper (or should I say, press send
to email) to clear up a small oversight in February's issue.
Congratulations to Colin Randall and Sue Leask on
their Newcastle exhibition but I beg to differ on the
headline! The first Australian pop-up book exhibition was
held in Melbourne 1993 and, since I organized that one
and other exhibitions and workshops in '94 and '95, I
hold myself responsible for not publicizing this
information in our esteemed journal. It takes a lot to stir
me up to write, but better late than never!
So, here are a few pictures of the various promotions
used over those years.
They were very
successful and led
to various radio
interviews where it
became tricky to
items on the air. I
have held many
school talks and
then. No doubt a
few members came
across the "Moving
Tales" section of
the website of The
State Library of
Victoria which was only recently removed from that site.
Let us all learn
books and all
iN'V-1 r A T 1 O N 1
ij IjaSfisjEsil! 1
' Jj^^_ tCiid
Exhibit in Barcelona
The announcement of an exhibition of movable books in
Spain came too late for inclusion in February issue of
Movable Stationery. "Llibres Mobils i Desplegables" was
held in Barcelona from March 1 1 until April 29 at the local
cultural center, Caja Madrid, as part of the activities of the
"Year of the Book and Reading."
Ana Maria Ortega Palacios
in a giant Haunted House
The exhibit included 1 80 old and new books from the
collection of our Spanish fellow member Ana Maria Ortega
Palacios displayed in three sections: historical books,
examples of books with various mechanicals, and books
covering a variety of subjects. The quiet design of the
arrangement of the exhibit, done by Alvara Guttierez, with
tight glass showcases in the functional white rooms resulted
in a careful and attractive display that never distracted the
visitor's attention from the books. The books were well
documentated with informative text and in an accompanying
catalog. Television and newspapers gave the exhibition a lot
of attention and contributed to the success of the exhibit and
almost 13,000 visitors came to see it.
Ana Maria plans another exhibition of her collection in
the north Spanish town of Leon that will be open from the
second half of June until the end of July.
Free copies of the bilingual (Spanish and Catalan)
catalog Llibres Mobils i Desplegables are available as long
as the stock lasts. To request a copy please send email to
Continued from page 2
But Tennyson's response to the offer shows the reputation
of the company. He wrote, "You cannot imagine with
what regret I have forfeited this opportunity of world-wide
fame, for, beyond a doubt, these verses would have found
their way into many far corners of the earth where I
cannot flatter myself even my name is known." 6
Adolph continued to expand the production of the
company. In addition to greeting cards Raphael Tuck &
Sons added calendars, books, wall texts and scripture
mottoes, reproductions, relief and art novelties, postcards,
and publications for children described as "designed to
please and instruct the young." 7
Adolph gave special attention to picture
postcards. The first was issued in 1894 with a small
picture of Mount Snowdon in the upper left corner. He
arranged for the postcards to be sold by mountain guides
on the Welsh mountain but postal regulations required
that one side of the postcard be devoted to the address and
that the other side have adequate room for a message.
Thus there was only room for a small picture. Adolph
negotiated for four years with the British Postmaster
General to get permission to print a picture completely
filling up one side of the card. That decision created a
whole new picture postcard industry. Many of Tuck's
cards were printed using a technique called "oleography"
and were called "Oilettes." Oleography is a type of
chromolithograph with an impressed grain pressed into
the paint to add texture. In the finishing process the print
is varnished in order to make it look like an oil painting.
It is estimated that Tuck produced at least 12,000 to
Oilette cards. And,
overall, by 1900,
the firm was
offering for sale
picture post cards. 8
Trade cards were
very popular in the
19' h century. Much
like 20 th century
they were inserted
into products as a
way of enticing
of the product with
the opportunity to collect the full set of cards. This
"Cinderella" card shows both the front and the back of an
embossed and die-cut trading card produced for Panama
Coffee from Chicago's Franklin Mac Veach & Co. The text
on the back indicates this set included a total of 36 picture
cards in six sets with one picture in each package.
This brief look at
production does not
include any of the
puzzle books, or
cards, also issued
early in the 20 lh
century. Nor does
this paper include
any of Tuck's paper
dolls, an important
part of the product
line. The first of their
paper dolls was
patented in 1893;
they are well
reproduced in several
books that are listed
in the bibliography.
THIS SET INCLUDES
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On» riclura In tmh f»<koge,
FANARf A COTTEE.
I r r.»nUln» Mac Vcaifh & CJ*
Back of Panama Coffee
"Cinderella" trade card
Panama Coffee Trade card
the late 19 Ul
sur fa ce .
used in a
ways: decorations for handmade cards and gifts, glued to
fancy boxes (much like decoupage), and added to screens
which were often used during Victorian times as room
Tuck scrap sheet
dividers. However, one of the most popular ways to use
scrap was simply to paste it into scrapbooks. Some
scrapbooks were made from blank books while others were
made by pasting over pages of catalogs, account books,
and notebooks. Often pressed flowers, tassels, and ticket
stubs were added to pages along with other collectibles.
They reached their height of popularity in the 1880s and
1890s. The sheet of dresses on page 10 is an example of
scrap produced by Tuck. 9
Ernestine died in 1885 and Raphael's health began to
fail. On April 4, 1898 he laid the foundation stone for a
magnificent new building where all the business would be
concentrated. The new building was called "Raphael
House" and was opened June 6 1 899. Just one year later
Raphael Tuck died at age 79. 10
In 1901 Raphael Tuck & Sons became a public
company and the Board of Directors consisted of Adolph,
Gustave, and Herman Tuck, Arthur Conan Doyle, and one
other member. Following the pattern of their parents,
Reginald and Desmond, sons of Adolph and Jeannette
Tuck, joined the company. In 1910 Adolph Tuck was
created a Baronet of the United Kingdom and was known
thereafter as Sir Adolph Tuck. ' '
At the start of World War I, Reginald Tuck joined the
army. His brother Desmond volunteered for overseas
service. The onset of World War I effected the company in
another significant way. The reports in contemporary
publications about Raphael Tuck & Sons further the
understanding of what happened to them and other
English-language publishers doing business in Germany
at the start of the first World War. It was reported at the
time that the branch of their business "established by the
firm in Berlin in 1907, for the sale of their Oilette
postcards and other British publications has been seized,
and the business and assets sold by the German
authorities." The report in the company history reads: "It
appears that soon after the outbreak of the war this Berlin
branch of Raphael Tuck & Sons, which was very
profitable with large sums being due to the company at the
time from customers throughout Germany and Austria,
was taken over by the German Government. Shortly
afterwards violent attacks directed against Raphael Tuck
& Sons appeared in a leading Berlin journal, calling upon
the German public to boycott the production of the well-
known British publisher. Similar articles were published
in some 200 journals throughout the German Empire.
These attacks finally culminated in the business being
taken over by the authorities. Raphael Tuck & Sons, in
their official reply, intimated that they would naturally
look for the intervention of His Majesty's government
with regard to the takeover of their property at the
conclusion of the war." n
Following the war Reginald and Desmond returned to the
family business. In 1926 Sir Adolph Tuck died. The 1929
depression affected the Raphael Tuck & Sons but by the end
of the next decade the company's financial position
On December 29, 1940 London was bombed and the
company offices at Raphael House, were completely
destroyed. Within the cornerstone of the building, which had
been laid 42 years earlier by Raphael Tuck, was found a
broken glass jar and its undamaged contents: a catalog of the
oldest Tuck products, a booklet with the results of the 1894
literary and painting competition, an April 5, 1898 issue of
the Times and the Daily Telegraph, some greeting cards and
periodicals and Adolph Tuck's hand written company
history up tol 898. The company had to be rebuilt, like many
other companies, during difficult war conditions and with a
shortage of materials.
After the war many former employees came back, and the
company survived. Sir Reginald died in 1954 and his son
Bruce inherited the title of baronet but soon left the
company. Desmond Tuck was the last Tuck in the company.
He stimulated the company with all his flair and energy but
after he retired in 1959 the company changed hands several
times. In 1962 Purnell & Sons Ltd. acquired Raphael Tuck
& Sons and the final movable book with the Tuck imprint
was issued in the 1952. ,3
The total number of books (of all types) produced by
Raphael Tuck & Sons is not known. In fact, the official
company history does not even mention that they produced
books. The two large international bibliographic databases
that together record over 50 million cataloged books in
libraries and museums worldwide, the Research Libraries
Group Union Catalog and OCLC's WorldCat, list over 500
titles published by Tuck, primarily flat books, but the
number could very well have been hundreds more. Unlike
their paper dolls and postcards, the history of Tuck's
illustrated books does not appear to have been documented.
Tuck's late 19 th century and early 20 th century books appeal
to collectors primarily because of their beautiful
chromolithographed illustrations. Published for both adults
and children, the Tuck titles include books of sentiments,
Bible stories, poems, small gift books, books with shaped
covers, and stories printed on "untearable linen" as well as
It is possible to document almost 100 movable books
produced by Raphael Tuck & Sons from the late 19* century
through the last quarter of the 20 lh century. Nearly 30 of
those titles are panoramas based on a design Tuck first
produced in the 1 890s. Days in Catland with Louis Wain (ca.
1895) is typical of the four-panel panoramas that fold out to
YS «* CAT J«A^li> ^P*J^
Z)flys in Catland with Louis Wain
form a scene. A pocket in the back cover holds 14 die-cut,
numbered characters that can inserted into numbered slots
in the panorama to complete the picture. The extended tab
on the front cover slips into a slot on the back cover to seal
the pocket. Tuck was not consistent in the use of the term
"panorama." It was used to describe books like those
shown above as well as some with pop-up pictures as in
Alice in Wonderland: With "Come to Life" Panorama
which has pop-up plates.
Most of the panoramas included less than 20 characters
but at least two,
produced in the
1950s, included as
many 50 pieces. In
some cases the
designed to stand up
near, not in, the
unusual example is a
specifically for a
single market. Little
Red Riding Hood,
part of "Father
The book was produced in Germany in about 1908 for the
Baltimore, Maryland department store Hutzler Brothers. The
book is not dated but, according to the company history,
1908 is the year the store began using the form of the name
that appears on the cover of the book. The final page of the
book has three die-cut, embossed sheets of punch-out
figures. It is not known if another version was published.
Twck"» MOVAtlt PlGURU.
With Father Tuck in Playtime
Little Red Riding Hood (1908)
Tuck's books with
pop-ups date from
about the 1 890s.
and attractive books,
they lacked the
f o u n d in the
illustrated by Lothar
published by Ernest
Nister. Some of
Tuck's books, like
Fun for Little Folks
and In Father Tuck 's
Playroom and had plates that folded down to form a three-
dimensional scene. Others had simple, layered pop-ups that
pulled into place
with the turn of a
page, and yet others
mechanicals used in
individual titles are
described in the
movable in A Very
Good Book 
has not been found
described in any
other Tuck title. It
is an ABC book and
half of the letters of
the alphabet are
sliding illustrations. The pages with these tab-operated
illustrations have four letters per page and each pair of
letters has a square box cut out under the letter. For instance,
the letters P and Q initially display showing a pail. Then
when the tab at the bottom of the page is moved, the
illustration in the box becomes a quail. It is very simple; a
A Very Good Book 
single piece of paper slides up and down and the alternate
pictures display in the die-cut box.
Seaside Pleasures (1896), with six layers of
illustrations, forms a diorama-like scene. A centennial
1 J Jejw^,
1 . '
!. v '.
~* -ft ' !
. p ' W pr
Seaside Pleasures 1896
edition entitled Am Meeresstrand was reproduced by J.F.
Schreiber with a new cover and supplemental text by
Wo n d e r -
Told by the
of the title
page of Stories from Dickens identifies "eight volumes
uniform in size and price" as part of this series. The other
titles are The Arabian Nights, Robinson Crusoe, and The
Water Babies. None of those titles have been examined
and the catalog records do not include the series
designation in the record.) Each of the books has about
150 pages with one pop-up. They are not dated but were
probably published in the 1920s or 1930s.
-\:t "com to Lif fpanmmi
Seaside Pleasures 1896
Documenting Father Tuck's Annuals would not have
been possible without the assistance of Theo Gielen and I
thank him for the time he spent with me in email
correspondence answering questions, filling in details, and
The series FaZ/?er Tuck 's Annual began about 1899
as compilations of illustrated stories, poems, games, and
music. The earliest of the volumes did not include pop-ups.
In the 1930s the annual was renamed Father Tuck's Annual
for Little People with "Come to Life " Pictures. Four books
were published with that title, each including two pop-ups.
With volume 34, published about 1932, the series was
renamed yet again. This time it became Tuck's Annual with
Realistic Surprise Panoramas and four books were issued
before the series ceased publication.
FATHER TUCK'S '
"COME TO LIFE'
FOR. I.STTLE PEOPLE
Father Tuck's Annual
Tuck's Annual (1934)
I'll Tell you a Story is another pop-up book from the
1930s that has a brightly colored cover and includes one
pop-up called "Fine Fun on the Sands." Like the
illustrations in the annuals, the pop-up is in full color
while the background is printed in black with only one
other color. These pictures are from a book in Ellen
Since few Tuck books have publications dates, it is
difficult to accurately date them but it appears there were
few pop-ups produced from the mid- 1930s until the 1950s.
Inl949 and 1950 Tuck published six books with
illustrations and tab-operated mechanicals by Julian Wehr.
However, none of these books have Wehr's name on the
cover nor anywhere else in the book. Not all of the U.S.
editions credit Wehr on the cover but his name usually is
listed in the copyright statement.
Annie Get Your Gun
Annie Get Your Gun: Seen Through the Eyes of a
Child was published in the early 1950s as a movie tie-in. It
is 6-inches by 6/4-inches and has four simple, fan-folded
"Fine Fun on the Sands" from / 7/ Tell You a Stor\ ;
The final eight pop-up books published by Tuck were
issued in 1952. The books in the series "A Father Tuck
'Come-to-Life' Little Book" were small, 4-inches by 4Vi-
inches, and had two fan-folded pop-ups. The books in this
series, as well as Annie Get Your Gun were illustrated by
Raphael Tuck & Sons was a major publishing
company for over a century and made significant
contributions with their postcards, greeting cards, and
Additions to the September, 2004 Tuck bibliography:
Merry Times. 1895. "Four transformational slat plates."
Father Tuck 's Nursery Rhyme Panorama with Movable
Pictures. "14 nursery rhyme inserts." Bookseller's
1. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
House of Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd Published on the
Occasion of the Company's Centenary. October, 1966.
Page e (as reproduced in Paper Dolls and Paper Toys of
Raphael Tuck & Sons by Barbara Whitton Jendrick
html. March 20, 2005.
tuck_and_sons_welshcorgi.htm. March 30, 2005.
4. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
House... Page f.
5. Raphael Tuck & Sons. Raphael House. Raphael
Tuck & Sons, 1899. Page 8.
6. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
House... Page f.
7. Raphael Tuck & Sons. Raphael House. Page 12.
8. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
House... Page g.
March 29, 2005.
10. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
House... Page g.
11. Ibid. Pageh.
12. Whitton, Blair and Margaret. Collector's Guide to
Raphael Tuck & Sons. Cumberland, Maryland, Hobby
House, Press, 1991. p. 139.
13. Raphael Tuck & Sons Ltd., The Romance of the
In The News
Chuck Fischer, creator of The Wliite House Pop-up
Book, spoke at The Boston Atheneum on March 22, 2005.
He discussed the history of pop-up books and the process
of putting a book together. His talk can be viewed or heard
at the WGBH web site:
http://forum.wgbh. org/wgbh/forum.php?lecture_id= 1815
In the fall Bulfinch Press will publish Chuck's new
book Christmas in New York.
"The Poetic Hearts of Mayan Women Writ Large" in
The New York Times on May 1 1 , 2005 featured the work
of Ambar Past. Attendees at the Movable Book Society
conference in San Diego saw her books and heard her
describe them as well as books and paper produced by the
Mayan women from Chiapas, Mexico. Her book,
Incatations, praised in the article, contains spells and
hymns transcribed and translated by Ambar from Tzotzil
into Spanish and English.
McDonald's has a pop-up ad in the June, 2005 issue of
Vanity Fair between pages 122 and 123.
Book Arts at New England College
From June 23-July 3, 2005, workshops will be held at
New England College in Westminster Station, Vermont.
For more information see http://www.nec.edu/news.
Index to Movable Stationery
The index to the first 10 years of Movable Stationery
is now available online at:
• Aleph-Bet Books. Catalogue 78. 85 Old Mill River
Rd. Pound Ridge, NY 10576. Phone: 914-764-7410.
Fax: 914-764-1356. Email: email@example.com.
• Cattermole 20 lh Century Children's Books. Catalog
40. 9880 Fairmount Road, Newbury, Ohio 44065. 440-
338-3253. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
• Stella Books. Pop-up List, www.stellaand
Dinosaurs: The Definitive
Pop-up. By Robert Sabuda
and Matthew Reinhart. July
12, 2005. Candlewick.
Special limited edition:
The Global Garden. By
Kate Petty. 6 pages. Ebury
Quintessential Disney: A Pop-up Gallery of Classic
Disney Moments. David Carter, paper engineer. Disney
Editions. 0-786-85556-8. $30.00
The following titles have been identified from pre-
publication publicity, publisher 's catalogs, internet
sources, or other advertising. All titles include pop-ups
unless otherwise noted.
The Amazing Pop-up Stonehenge. English Heritage
Publications. 64 pages. £9.99. 1-850-74926-4.
Caterpillar. Little Tiger
Press. July 7, 2005.
£7.99. 18 pages.
Derby Day: A Pop-up
Celebration of the
Kentucky Derby, by
Pamela Pease. Paintbox
Safari Shapes. June 5,
2005. Gullane Children's
Books. 8 pages. £7.99.
Souvenir of New York. By
Dorothy A. Yule and Susan
Hunt Yule. 2Vi" x 2V%".
slipcase. Chronicle Books.
Also: Souvenir of San
Unfold/Enfold. By Kveta Pacovska. Chronicle