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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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MUNICIPAL MGISTER, 



CONTAINING 



RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCI 



CITY CHAETER AND RECENT ORDINANCES, 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



1851. 



BOSTON: 
1851. 

J. H. EASTP.URN, CITY PRINTER. 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/municipalregiste1851bost 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



JOINT RULES AND O H D E R S 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal year, 
the following Joint Standing Committees shall be chosen 
by ballot, viz : 

A Committee on Finance — 

To consist of the Mayor and seven members of the Com- 
mon Council ; 

A Committee on Accounts — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of the 
Common Council. 

And the following shall be appointed, viz : 

A Committee on the Public Lands — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and five members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Public Buildings — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and five members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Public Instruction — 



Joint Rules of the City Council. 



To consist of tlie Mayor, two Aldermen, and the Presi- 
dent and four members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Institutions at South Boston and 
on Deer Island' — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five mem- 
bers of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Fuel — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Water — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five mem- 
bers of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Treasury Department — • 

To consist of tAvo Aldermen, and three members of the 
Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Assessors' Department — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Boston Harbor — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Printing — 

To consist of one member of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and two members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on a Public Library — 

To consist of the Mayor and two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council. 

A Committee on Ordinances — 

To consist of three Aldermen, and five members of the 
Common Council. 

On all Joint Committees, wherein it is provided that the 
Mayor shall be a member, in case of the non-election, de- 



Joint Rules of the Qity Council. 



oease, inabilitj, or absence of that officer, the Chairman of 
the Board of Aldermen shall act ex-officio. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Standing 
Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their respec- 
tive Boards. 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, and 
the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the part of 
the Common Council, shall, according to the ordinance, 
constitute the Committee on the Reduction of the City 
Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named on 
every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a mem- 
ber, shaU be its Chairman ; and in case of his resignation 
or inability, the other members of the same Board, in the 
order in which they are named, and after them, the mem- 
ber of the Common Council, first in order, shall call meet- 
ings of the Committee and act as Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Confer- 
ence, and the other Board shall also appoint a Committee 
to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient hour, to be 
agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and state to each 
other verbally or in writing, as either shall choose, the 
reasons of their respective Boards, for and against the 
matter in controversy, confer freely thereon, and report to 
their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence shall 
be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for its 
concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall adjourn. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, shall 



6 Joint Rules of the City Council. 

be termed " Ordinances," and the enacting style shall be : — ■ 
Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common 
Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches of 
the City Council express any thing by way of Command., 
the form of expression shall be " Ordered ;'* and when- 
ever, either or both branches express opinions, ^mwaj>?es, 
facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Resolved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, after the annual order of appropriations shall have 
been passed, no subsequent expenditures shall be authorized 
for any object, unless provision for the same shall be made 
by special transfer from some of the appropriations coij- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating there- 
for a City Debt ; in the latter of which cases, the order 
shall not be passed, unless two thirds of the whole number 
of each branch of the City Council shall vote in the affirm- 
ative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the esti- 
mates shall exceed the appropriation specially made there- 
for, it shall be the duty of the Committee havmg such sub- 
ject in charge to submit the same to the City Council for 
instructions before such contract is made and signed, or any 
expenditure for the object is made. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause records 
to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary to be chosen 
at their first meeting, in books provided by the City for that 
purpose. No Committee shall act by separate consulta- 
tions, and no report shall be received, unless agreed to in 
Committee actually assembled. • 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Commit- 
tee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, to 



Joint Rules of the City Council. 



report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for further 
time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the Citj Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of anj kind shall be made on the 
reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the Com- 
mittee of either branch. All reports shall be signed by 
the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the Com- 
mittee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any papers 
to be reported by Committees, at the request of the respec- 
tive Chairmen thereof. 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall audit 
or approve any bill or account against the City, for any 
supplies or services, which shall not have been ordered or 
authorized by the Committee. 



ULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties mid Poivers of the President 

Sect, 1. The President shall take the chair j)reciselj 
at the hour to which the Council shall have adjourned ; 
shall call the members to order ; and on the appearance of 
a quorum, cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to 
be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. - He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other members ; 
and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal 
to the Council, bj motion regularly seconded ; and no other 
business shall be in order till the question on the appeal 
shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any member 
rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a return of 
the members voting in the affirmative, and in the negative, 
without further debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to put 
a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go into 
a Committee of the Wliole, the President shall appoint the 
member who shall take the chair. The President may at 
any other time, call any member to the chair, but such sub- 
stitution shall not continue beyond an adjournment. 



10 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, the 
President shall take the sense of the Council by yeas and 
nays, provided one fifth of the members present shall so 
require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions in 
the order in -which they are moved, unless the subsequent 
motion shall be previous in its nature, except, that in naming 
sums and fixing times, the largest sum and longest time^ 
shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the Presi- 
dent, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the Council, 
and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover may with- 
draw it at any time before a decision or amendment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the Presi- 
dent shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay on the 
table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day cer- 
tain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone indefinitely ; 
which several motions shall have precedence in the order in 
which they stand arranged ; and a motion to strike out the 
enacting clause of an Ordinance, shall be equivalent to a 
motion to postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order ; and that motion, and the mo- 
tion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, shall 
be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the fol^ 
lowing form: " Shall the main question he now putf^^- — 
and all debate upon the main question shall be suspended 
until the previous question shall be decided. After the 
adoption of the previous question, the sense of the Council 
shall forthwith be taken upon amendments reported by a 
Committee, upon ail pending amendments and then upon 
the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member sh^U 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 11 

speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, shall be decided without debate, except 
on an appeal ; and on such an appeal, no member shall be 
allowed to speak more than once without leave of the 
Council. 

Sect. 14, When two or more members happen to rise 
at once, the President shall name the member who is first 
to speak. 

Sect. 15. Ail Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided for, 
•or specially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and pre^ 
side until a President pro tempore shall be chosen by ballot ; 
and if an election is not effected on the first trial, on a sec- 
ond ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the President ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid personali- 
ties ; and shall sit down when he has finished. No mem- 
ber shall speak out of his place without leave of the Presi- 
dent. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking, shall be interrupted by 
another, but by rising up to call to order. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice on 
one question, without first obtaining leave of the Council ; 
nor more than once, until the other members, who have not 
spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in order 
for any member who voted in the majority, to move a re- 
consideration thereof, at the same or the succeeding meet- 



12 Mules and Orders of the Common Council. 

ing, but not afterward ; and when a motion for reconsidera- 
tion is decided, that vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman of 
more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand up- 
to the interruption of another, while any member is speak- 
ing ; or to pass unneeessarilj between the President and 
the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a breach 
of either of the rules and orders of the. Council, he may^ 
on motion, be required by the Council to make satisfaction 
therefor; and in such a case, he shall not be allowed to 
vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, till he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his private 
right is immediately concerned, distinct from the public 
interest. 

Sect. 25, Every member, who shall be present when a 
question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, shall 
give his vote, unless the Council, for special reasons, shall 
excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any question, 
must be made before the Council is divided, or before 
the calhng of the yeas and nays, and such application 
shall be ^accompanied by a brief statement of the reasons, 
and shall be decided on without debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if 
the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of a 
question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion to 
strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; but a. 
motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude amend- 
ment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 13 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject differ- 
ent from* ttat mider consideration, shall be admitted under 
color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and Reports may be committed or 
recommitted, at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, the 
order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Mayor and Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers. Pre- 
sentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memorials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but by 
the votes of a majority of the members of the Council 
present. 

Sect. 31. ■ When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the President, 
shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of business 
to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33, When a motion is made to refer any subject, 
and different Committees are proposed, the question shall 
be taken in the following order : 

A Standing Committee of the Council; 

A Select Committee of the Council; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of members of the Council shall 
be numbered, and shall be determined in the presence of 
the Council, by drawing the names of members, and the 
numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; and each member 
shall be entitled for the year, to the seat bearing the num" 



14 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

ber so drawn against his name ; and shall not change it 
except hj permission of the President. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by his 
name, in debate, but may allude to him by any intelligible 
and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by the 
Council. 

Sect. 37. ISFo rule or order of the Council shall be dis- 
pensed with, altered or repealed, unless two thirds of the 
members present consent thereto. 

Petitiom, Memorials, ^c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council, shall be 
presented by the President, or a member in his place, and 
shall be read by the President, Clerk, or such other person 
as the President may request ; and shall be taken up in the 
order in which they are presented, except when the Coun- 
cil shall otherwise determine ; provided, that the reading of 
petitions, memorials, remonstrances, and papers of a like 
nature, shall in all instances be dispensed with, unless 
specially ordered by the Council. 

Poivers and Duties of Committees. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, shall 
be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as they are 
applicable, excepting the rule limiting the times of speak- 
ing ; but no member shall speak twice upon any question, 
until every member choosing to speak, has spoken. A 
motion to rise, report progress and ask leave to sit again, 
shall be first in order, and shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 15 

Returns shall be appointed at the commencement of the 
municipal year, and shall consist of five members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the sessions of 
the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, shall 
be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by the direc- 
tion of the President ; they shall organize at their first 
meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and shall report the 
same to the Council ; and members on the part of the 
Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as aforesaid, shall 
choose a Chairman at their first meeting, and report to the 
Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Committee, 
unless otherwise provided for, the member first named shall 
be Chairman, and in his absence the member next in order, 
who shall be present, shall be Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be enti- 
tled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be call- 
ed upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees, to keep record of their doings, in books provided 
by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances, Orders, ^c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 



16 Rules and Orders of the Qommon Council. 

passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, imposing 
penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, whether 
the same may have been appropriated or not — and no Or- 
der or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall have more than 
one reading on the same day; provided however, that 
nothing herein contained shall prevent the passage of an 
Order at any meeting of the Council, to authorize the 
printing of any document relating to the affairs of the City, 

Elections, ^c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of the 
Council, the number of blanks, and ballots for ineligible 
persons, shall be reported, but shall not be counted in the 
returns. 

Sect. 50. AH salary officers shall be voted for by writ- 
ten ballots. 

Duties of Cleric, ^c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such orders 
and resolutions, as are adopted, — shall notice Reports, 
Petitions, Memorials and other papers which are present- 
ed, — and shall enter all accepted Reports of Select Com- 
mittees of the Council, at length in a separate journal, to 
be kept for that purpose, and provided with an index, — 
shall draw up all messages to the Mayor and Aldermen, and 
send them by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings 
of Committees of the Council, and make their records when 
required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not leave 
their places on adjournment, until the President shall de- 
iclare the Council adjourned. 



17 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

I. Bj an act of the legislature of Massachusetts, passed corporate name 
•on the twenty-third day of February, eighteen hundred and powfrs'."^ 
twenty-two, it was provided that the inhabitants of the ' 

town of Boston for all purposes, for which towns were by 
law incorporated in this commonwealth, should continue to 
be one body politic, in fact and in name, under the style 
and denomination of the City of Boston, and as such should 
have, exercise and enjoy, all the rights, immunities, powers 
and privileges, and should be subject to all the duties and 
obligations, then incumbent upon and appertaining to said fhTc^anen™^"^ 
town, as a municipal corporation. The legislature reserved ^'^'^' ^ "^°" 
the right to amend or alter this act whenever they might 
deem it expedient; and it was to be void unless the inhabi- ^ieduze°ns?'^''^ 
tants of the town at a legal meeting should determine to pos^'ton Records 
adopt the same within twelve days. It was adopted on the I pjck.' Repf 375. 
fourth day of March in the same year, and the town imme- 
diately became a city. 

II. The administration of all the fiscal, prudential, and city council and 
municipal concerns of the city, with the conduct and gov- cers."^ "^^ ^ ° ' 
ernment thereof, is vested in one principal officer, to be ' > • 
styled the mayor, one select council, consisting of eight per- 
sons, to be denominated the board of aldermen, and one 

more numerous cou.ncil to consist of forty-eight persons, to 
be denominated the common council ; which boards in their 
joint capacity are denominated the city council — together 
with such other board of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

III. By the second section of the city charter it was Division into 
made the duty of the selectmen of Boston, as soon as might isai, 110, § 2.* 
be after the passing of the act, to cause a new division of 

the town to be made into twelve wards, in such manner as 
to include an equal number of inhabitants in each Avard, as 
nearly as conveniently might be, consistently with well de- 



18 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

fined limits ; including, in sucli computation of numbers of 
inhabitants, persons of all descriptions, and taking the last 
census, made under the authority of the United States, as 
a basis for such computation. Power was given to the city 
council, from time to time, not oftener than once in ten 
years, to alter such divisions of wards, in such manner as to 
Each ward to In- presorvc as nearly as might be, an equal number of inhabi- 
nuraber of tauts lu each Ward. This last provision has recently been 

vot6rs« 

3850, 167, $ 1. amended, to the effect, that the division of the city into 

(Adopted by city i • , ■■ i x • l l l v x> 

council, April wards IS to be so made as to include an equal number oi 

29, 1850. City ^ ^ . , ^ ^ 

Records, vol. 28, legal voters m each ward. 

p. 160.) ^ 

Annual Munici- jy^ Qj^ the secoud Mondav of December annually, the 

pal election. " '' ' 

]p4' 49^'A^' citizens qualified to vote in city affairs are required to meet 
(Adopted by the -^yithin their rosnective wards, at such time and place as the 

inhabitants, Feb. J- ' _ _ J- 

Reco^rTs ^1* w" ^^7^^ ^^^ aldermen may by their warrant direct and ap- 

p. 505.) point ; and the said citizens shall then choose by ballot one 

Warden and Warden and one clerk, who shall be resident in said ward, 

who shall hold their offices for one year, and until others 

are appointed in their stead. It shall be the duty of the 

warden to preside at all meetings of the citizens of the ward 

and to preserve order therein. It shall be the duty of the 

clerk to make a fair and true record, and keep an exact 

journal of all the acts and votes of the citizens, at the ward 

meetings ; to deliver over such records and journals, together 

with all other documents and papers held by him, in his said 

Absence of war. Capacity, to his succossor in office. In case of the absence 

fleers."^ ° ^"^ ° ' of the warden at the opening of any annual meeting it shall 

be the duty of the clerk to call the citizens to order and 

preside until a warden is chosen by ballot.^ If at any other 

meeting the warden be absent, the clerk is to preside until 

a moderator or warden fro tempore shall be chosen, which 

may be done by nomination and hand vote if the clerk so 

1845,217, §3. direct. The act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, provides, however, 

coimdif o«."l^ that in case of the absence of any or either of the ward offi- 

1845. City Re- . 

D°406 7°'' ^^' ""^ 'T'his was the original provision in the charter, but the fair inference 

from the act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, which is incorporated in the text, is, 
that any ward ofiice in case of absence may be filled -pro tempore, by nomi- 
nation and hand vote, if thp vo|ters present so determine. 



p. 406.) 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 19 

cers at any meeting, for elections, or other purposes, such 
of&ce may be filled, pro tempore, by the legal voters present, 
which may be done by nomination and hand votes, if the 
voters present so determine. At the same meeting five in- inspectors, 
spectors of elections are to be chosen for the ward, being 
residents therein, by ballot, to hold their offices for one 
year. It shall be the duty of the warden and inspectors in 
each ward, to receive, sort, count, and declare all votes, at 
all elections within such ward. And the warden, clerk, and warden, cierk 
inspectors, so chosen, shall respectively be under oath, faith- tobe'under^oltu. 
fully and impartially to discharge their several duties, rela- 
tive to all elections ; which oath may be administered, by 
the clerk of such ward, to the warden, and by the latter to 
the clerk and inspectors, or by any justice of the peace of 
the county of Suffolk ; and a certificate of such oath's hav- 
ing been administered shall be entered in the record or 
journal, to be kept by the clerk of such ward. 

V. The warden, or other presiding officer of a ward Power of war- 

1 Ti 1 n ^^ 1 1 • ^^^ ^^ preserve 

meetmg, snail have lull power and authority to preserve or- order. 

t/ i IS'^l 110 <!\ 4 

der and decorum therein, and to repress all riotous, tumult- 
uous, and disorderly conduct therein, and for that purpose 
to call to his aid any constable, or other peace officer, and 
also to command the aid and assistance of any citizen or 
citizens, who may be present : and any peace officer, or 
other citizen, neglecting or refusing to afford such aid, shall 
be taken and deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor. The 
warden shall also have power and authority, by warrant, 
under his hand, to cause any person or persons who shall 
be guilty of any riotous, tumultuous, or disorderly conduct 
at such meeting, to be taken into custody, and restrained ; 
Provided, however, that such restraint shall not contmue ptovisoes; 
after the adjournment or dissolution of such meeting : And 
Provided, further, that the person, so guilty of such disor- 
derly conduct, shall be liable, notwithstanding such restraint, 
to be prosecuted and punished, in the same manner, as if 
such arrest had not been made. 



20 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



Election of 
mayor, 



VI. The citizens qualified to vote in city affairs, at their 
1894,49;$ 1. respective ward meetings, to be held on the second Monday 
htbrtan'ts,''Feb"' ^^ December annually, shall be called upon to give in their 
feS, v^r lo" ^0*6^ for one able and discreet person, being an inhabitant 
K. ff4, $ 12. ^^ *^® <^^^J5 ^0 ^^ mayor of said city, for the term of one 
year. And all the votes so given in, in each ward, being 
sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and inspectors 
of elections, shall be recorded at large, by the clerk, in 
open ward meetings : and in making such declaration and 
record, the whole number of votes or ballots, given in, shall 
be distmctly stated, together with the name of every per- 
son voted for, and the number of votes given for each per- 
son respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in words 
at length : and a transcript of such record, certified and 
authenticated by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors of elections for each ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by such ward clerk, to the clerk of 
the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk, forth- 
with to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, upon the 
journal of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
some other book to be kept for that purpose. And it shall 
be the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together 
within two days after such election, and to examine and 
compare all the said returns, and to ascertain whether any 
person has a majority of all the votes given for mayor ; and 
in case a majority is so given, it shall be their duty to give 
notice thereof, in writing, to the person thus elected, and 
also to make the same known to the inhabitants of said city. 
No choice. But if, on such an examination no person appears to have 
a majority of all the votes given for mayor, the mayor and 
aldermen for the time being, shall issue their warrants for 
meetings of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, 
at such time and place, as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects, as 
are herein before directed, until a mayor shall be chosen by 
Decease, ina- ^ majority of all the voters, voting at such elections. And 
ofmayo'r.^'"^'"'* in case of the decease, inability, or absence of the mayor, 
and the same being declared and a vote passed by the al- 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 21 

dermen and common council, respectively, declaring such 
cause, and the expediency of electing a mayor, for the time 
being, to supply the vacancy thus occasioned, it shall be 
lawful for the aldermen and common council to meet in con- 
vention, and elect a mayor to hold the said office until such 
occasion shall be removed, or until a new election. 

VII. Whenever, on examination by the mayor and al- fasell-'^no dillce 
dermen of the returns of votes given for mayor at the meet- of mayor before 

'-> ./ „ the commence- 

ings of the wards holden for the purpose of electina; that ™.^P* "*" ^^^ '^^- 

O ^ 11 o nicipal year. 

officer, last preceding the first Monday of January, in each ^^^^^ '^^'J ^- ^.^j 
year, no person shall appear to have a majority of aU the ^ens, June le, 
votes given for mayor, the mayor and aldermen, by whom ^®5.°g''^^' "^"^ ^^' 
such examination is made, shall make a record of that fact, 
an attested copy of which it shall be the duty of the city 
clerk to produce and read, on the first Monday of January, 
in the presence of the members returned to serve as alder- 
men and common councilmen ; and thereupon the oaths 
prescribed by law may be administered to the members elect 
by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial court, or 
any judge of any court of record holden in said city, or by 
any justice of the peace for the county of Sufiblk ; and 
thereupon the members of the board of aldermen shall pro- 
ceed to elect a chairman, and the common council a presi- 
dent, in their respective chambers, and being respectively 
organized, shall proceed to business in the same manner as 
is provided in the seventeenth section below, in case of the 
absence of the mayor : — and the board of aldermen shall 
forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of the citizens 
of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, at such 
time and place as they shall judge most convenient ; and 
the same proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as are 
directed in and by the provisions of the precedmg section 
and repeated from time to time, until a mayor shall be 
chosen, by a majority of all the voters voting at such elec- 
tions. 



22: CITY CHARTEE AND AMENDMENTS. 

Refusal of mayoi: VIII. In casG anv person elected mayor of the city 

elect to accept. , ^ "^ '' 

1830, 7, % 2. shall refuse to accept the office, the same proceedings shall 
be had in all respects, as are herein before directed in cases 
wherein there has been no choice of mayor, until a mayor 

Absence of may- be choscu by a mai'ority of votes. And in case of the una- 

or elect. >} >/ 

voidable absence by sickness or otherwise, of the mayor 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the city government 
shall organize itself in the mode herein before provided, and 
may proceed to business in the same manner as if the may- 
or were present. 

Proceedings in IX. Whenever it shall appear, by the regular returns 

case no mayor is r. i • i ^ 

chosen, or a full of the clections of the City officers, that a mayor, has not 

board of alder- r. n i -y I ^ ^ i 

men is not been chosou, or that a full board of aldermen has not been 

elected. 

1845, 217, % 1. elected, such of the board of aldermen, whether they con- 

(Adoptedby city . ' tit t n • 

council, Oct. 6, stituto a Quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall is- 

1845. City Re- ^ i p r. i i • V. 

cords, vol. 23, p. gue their warrant, m usual form, for the election oi a may- 
or, or such members of the board of aldermen as may be 
necessary, and the same proceedings shall be had and re- 
peated, until the election of a mayor and aldermen shall be 
completed, and all vacancies be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a mayor nor any aldermen shaU be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, and after 
the powers of the former mayor, and mayor and aldermen, 

In case neither g^all havc coascd, it shall be the duty of the president of 

a mayor nor any . . , 

alderman is tho commou council, to issuo his Warrant, m the same man- 

elected. 

ner as the board of aldermen would have done, if elected, 
and the same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor, or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Who is to dis- X. In case of the non-election of a mayor, the chair- 
dutie°s when no man of the board of aldermen shall discharge all the duties 

mayor is , pn-i miii- 

elected. incumbeut on the mayor oi the city, prescribed by the city 

1845,217, $4. , ,1-1 '■^ -^ T ^"^ , . 

Ibid. charter, or any other law, or any ordinance ot the city, 

which now or hereafter may be required of him, untU a 
mayor shall be chosen and duly sworn to the discharge of 
his duties ; and such chairman, with the board of aldermen, 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. ZQ 

shall discharge all the duties incumbent on the mayor and 
aldermen. 

XI. The citizens in their respective ward meetings, to fg^^*^^" °^^^' 
be held on the second Monday of December, annually, shall \ll\'^ 49%^ l 
be called upon to give in their votes for eight persons, be- ^ens''''Feb.'25'^'"" 
ing inhabitants of said city, to constitute the board of alder- ^^^^^ B"fonK,e- 

o v> 7 cords, voj. JU, p. 

men, for the ensuing year ; and all the votes so given, be- ^o^) 
ing sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and in- 
spectors shall be recorded at large, by the clerk, in open 
ward meeting ; and in making such declaration and record, 
the whole number of votes or ballots given in shall be par- 
ticularly stated, together with the name of every person 
voted for, and the number of votes given for each person ; 
and a transcript of such record, certified by the warden, 
and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of each ward, 
shall, by the said clerk, within two days, be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings shall be 
had, to ascertain and determine the persons chosen as al- 
dermen, as are herein before directed in regard to the 
choice of mayor, and for a new election, in case of the 
whole number required not being chosen at the first elec- 
tion. And each alderman, so chosen, shall be duly notified 
in writing of his election by the mayor and aldermen for 
the time being. 

XII. In case of the death or resignation of any mem- °^^*^ °'/1^'^" 

o J "^ nation of alder- 

ber of the board of aldermen, the citizens of Boston shall "gl"- og ^ c 
have power to fill such vacancy, at any regular meeting 
that may thereafter be convened for that purpose. 

XIII. Whenever it shall appear to the mayor and al- iJ'owd'ofaWer- 
dermen, that there is a vacancy in either the board of al- "'^"'';?"™°" 

' . -^ council, or other 

dermen, or in the common council, or in any of the city or ??,"^-:,, . „ 

'' t' io45, an, § 'J. 

ward offices, it shall be the duty of the mayor and alder- (Accepted by 

' . "^ . «^ city council, Oct. 

men to issue their warrant for elections, in due form, to fill ^' '?^^- cityRe- 

' ' cords, vol 23, p. 

all such vacancies in each and all of the said boards and ^^^-^ 



24 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



offices, at such time and place as in their judgment may be 
deemed advisable. 



Election of com- 
mon council. 
1821, 110, $ 7. 
1824, 49, $ 1. 
(Adopted by citi- 
zens, Feb. 25, 
1835. Boston Re- 
cords, vol. 10, p. 
505.) 



No choice. 



Adjournment. 



Certificate of 
elections. 



Council shall de- 
cide questions 
of elections, &c. 



XIY. The citizens of each ward, qualified to vote as 
aforesaid, at their respective ward meetings, to be held on 
the second Monday of December, annually, shall be called 
upon to give in their votes for four able and discreet men, 
being inhabitants of said ward, to be members of the com- 
mon council ; and all the votes given in as aforesaid, in 
each ward, being sorted, counted, and declared by the war- 
den and inspectors, if it appear that four persons have a 
majority of all the votes given at such election, a public de- 
claration thereof, with the names of the persons so chosen, 
shall be made in open ward meeting, and the same shall be 
entered at large, by the clerk of such ward, in his journal, 
stating particularly the whole number of votes given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, and the number actual- 
ly given for each of the persons, so declared to be chosen. 
But, in case four persons, are not chosen at the first ballot, 
a new ballot shall be opened for a number of common coun- 
cilmen, sufficient to complete the number of four ; and the 
same proceedings shall be had, as before directed, until the 
number of four shall be duly chosen ; Provided, however, 
that if the said elections cannot conveniently be completed 
on such day, the same may be adjourned to another 
day, for that purpose, not longer distant than three days. 
And each of the persons so chosen as a member of the com- 
mon council, in each ward, shall, within two days of his 
election, be furnished with a certificate thereof, signed by 
the warden, clerk and a majority of the inspectors of such 
ward ; which certificate shall be presumptive evidence of 
the title of such person to a seat in the common council ; 
but such council, however, shall have authority to decide 
ultimately upon all questions relative to the qualifications, 
elections, and returns of its members. 



auaiifications of XV. Evorv male citizen of twentv-one years of age and 

voters at mum- "^ _ J J o 

upwards, excepting paupers, and persons under guardian- 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 25 

ship, who shall have resided within the commonwealth one cipai elections, 
year, and within the city six months next preceding any isa'i, no, $ 8. 
meeting of citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid by himself 
or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, 
which, within two years next preceding such meeting, shall 
have been assessed upon him, in any town or district in this 
commonwealth, and also every citizen who shall be, by law, 
exempted from taxation, and who shall be in all other re- 
spects qualified as above mentioned, shall have a right to 
vote at such meeting, and no other person shall be entitled 
to vote at such meeting. 

XVI. The mayor, aldermen, and common councilmen, commencement 
chosen as aforesaid, shall enter on the duties of their re- ye"r."""^'^^ 
spective offices on the first Monday of January, and before 1824^49,(^2.' 
entering on the duties of their offices, shall respectively be zens',''reb.25,'^'*'' 
sworn, by taking the oath of allegiance and oath of office, cord's, voi!To,^p." 
prescribed in the constitution of this commonwealth, and an 

oath to support the constitution of the United States. And 
such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, by any 
one of the justices of the supreme judicial court, or any 
judge of any court of record, commissioned to hold any such 
court, within the said city, or by any justice of the peace 
for the county of Suffi)lk. And such oaths shall and may 
be administered to the aldermen and members of the com- 
mon council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn as 
aforesaid ; and a certificate of such oaths having been taken 
shall be entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council, respectively by their respective 
€lerks.i 

XVII. The mayor and aldermen, thus chosen and qual- Mayofandaider- 
ified, shall compose one board, and shall sit and act together Soard™^"'^ 

■ — — 1821, 110,'$ 10. 

1 The statute of 1824, c. 49, ^ 2, cited in the margin of § xvi in the text 
proTides that all the officers chosen on the second Monday of December 
by virtue of said act, shall enter on the duties of their respective offices on 
the first Monday of Januafj^ in each year. This provision includes not 
only the mayor, aldermen and common councilmen, but also the wardens, 
clerks of the wards, inspectors of elections, overseers of the poor and school 
committee. 

4 



26 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



See also 1845, 
217, 5 4, and 
1846, 50. 



City clerk. 



His powers and 
duties. 



as one body, at all meetings, of which the mayor, if present, 
shall preside ; but in his absence, the board may elect a 
chairman, for the time being. The said board, together 
with the common council, in convention, shall have power 
to choose a clerk, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of the duties of his office, who shall be chosen for 
the term of one year, and until another person is duly 
chosen to succeed him ; removable, however, at the pleasure 
of the mayor and aldermen ; who shall be denominated the 
clerk of the city, and whose duty it shall be to keep a jour- 
nal of the acts and proceedings of the said board, composed 
of the mayor and aldermen ; to sign all warrants issued by 
them, and to do such other acts in his said capacity, as 
may, lawfully and reasonably, be required of him ; and to 
deliver over all journals, books, papers, and documents en- 
trusted to him as such clerk, to his successor in office, im- 
mediately upon such successor being chosen and qualified 
as aforesaid, or whenever he may be thereto required by 
the said mayor and aldermen. And the city clerk thus 
chosen and qualified, shall have all the powers, and perform 
all the duties belonging, at the time of the act of incorpora- 
tion, to the town clerk of the town of Boston, as if the same 
were particularly and fully enumerated, except in cases 
where it is otherwise expressly provided. 



Common coun- 
cil a separate 
body. 
18^1, 110, $ 11. 



President. 
Clerk. 



XVIII. The persons so chosen and qualified, as mem- 
bers of the common council of the said city, shall sit and 
act together as a separate body, distinct from that of the 
mayor and aldermen, except in those cases in which the 
two bodies are to meet in convention : and the said council 
shall have power, from time to time, to choose one of their 
own members to preside over their deliberations, and to 
preserve order therein, and also to choose a clerk, who shall 
be under oath faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, 
who shall hold such office, during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and whose duty it shall be to attend said council, when 
the same is in session, to keep a journal of its acts, votes, 
and proceedings, and to perform such other services, in said 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 27 

capacity, as said council may require. All sittings of the sittings to be 
common council shall bo public ; also all sittings of the '"" 
mayor and aldermen, when they are not engaged in execu- 
tive business. Twenty-five members' of the common coun- 
cil shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Q'"o''u'n- 

XIX. The mayor of the said city, thus chosen and 
qualified, shall be taken and deemed to be the chief execu- ' 
tive officer of said corporation ; and he shall be compensat- compensation 
ed for his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board oi isai, no, $ 12. 
aldermen and common council, in city council convened, 
payable at stated periods ; which salary shall not exceed 

the sum of five thousand dollars annually, and he shall re- 
ceive no other compensation or emoluments whatever ; and 
no regulations enlarging or diminishing such compensation 
shall be made, to take eflect until the expiration of the year, 
for which the mayor then in office, shall have been elected. 
And it shall be the- duty of the mayor to be vigilant and J*^jiP°^®'^^ ^""^ 
active at all times, in causing the laws for the government 
of said city to be duly executed and put in force ; to inspect 
the conduct of all subordinate officers in the government 
thereof, and as far as in his power to cause all negligence, 
carelessness, and positive violation of duty to be duly pro- 
secuted and punished. He shall have power, whenever in 
his judgment, the good of said city may require it, to sum- 
mon meetings of the board of aldermen and common council, 
or either of them, although the meeting of said boards, or 
either of them may stand adjourned to a more distant day. 
And it shall be the duty of the mayor, from time to time, 
to communicate to both branches of the city council all such 
information, and recommend all such measures as may tend 
to the improvement of the finances, the police, health, se- 
curity, cleanliness, comfort, and ornament of the said city. 

XX. The administration of police together with the ex- Powers and du- 

J- ^ ties ot mayor 

ecutive powers of the said corporation generally, together and aj^ermen^. 
also Avith all the powers heretofore vested in the selectmen is^p^ i'^«' vepcai- 

J- ed by Rev. fctat. 

of the town of Boston, either by the general laws of this 



28 CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 

is'ptck ^'M3 commonwealth, by particular laws relative to the powers 
and duties of said selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by- 
laws of said town, are vested in the mayor and aldermen, 
as hereby constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. 

May license XXI. The mayor and aldermen shall have power to 

bitions, &c. license all theatrical exhibitions, and all public shows, and 
1831, 110, §14. „,.,.. „ , , . , ' . 

But see 1849, 231, all cxhibitious of whatovor name or nature, to which admis- 
§1,2. . . , . , „ ' , , 

9 Pick. 415. sion IS obtained on payment of money, on such terms and 

conditions as to them may seem just and reasonable ; and 
to regulate the same, from time to time, in such manner as 
to them may appear necessary to preserve order and deco- 
rum, and to prevent interruption of peace and quiet. And 
any person or persons who shall set forth, establish, or pro- 
mote any such exhibition or show, or publish, or advertise 
the same, or otherwise aid or assist therein, without a hcense 
so obtained as aforesaid, or contrary to the terms or condi- 
tions of such license, or whilst the same is suspended, or 
after the same is revoked by said mayor and aldermen, shall 
be liable to such forfeiture, as the city council may, by any 
by-law made for that purpose prescribe.^ 

May bo chosen XXII. The city couucil have the power and authority 

survey I irs of J r j 

isis^^'?''^^" ^^ electing, if they see fit, the mayor and aldermen, survey- 
ors of highways for the city. 

May have the XXIII, In the county of Suffolk, the mayor and alder- 
powers of county ■' ' ./ 

commissioners jj^eu of thc city of Bostou shall, within the said city, have 

except, &c. ^ '' ' . 

R. S.24, $54. the like powers and perform the like duties, as are exercis- 
ed and performed by the commissioners of other counties, 
saving to any party aggrieved the right of trial by jury in 

ibid,§ 55. the court of common pleas, in cases of the laying out, alter- 
' ' ' ■ ing and discontinuing of ways, and assessing damages 
therefor. 



1 This section appears to be superseded by stat. 1849, c. 231. See 
Amusements. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 29 

XXIV. All other powers by law vested, at the time of P^7„«^\^°''"'y 
the act of incorporation, in the town of Boston, or in the isai, no, $15. 
inhabitants thereof, as a municipal corporation, are vested 
in the mayor and aldermen, and common council of the said 
city, to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board, as 
hereby constituted, having a negative upon the other. 
More especially they shall have power to make all such 
needful and salutary by-laws, as towns by the laws of this ^y-iaws. 
commonwealth have power to make and establish, and to 
annex penalties, not exceeding twenty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws shall take effect and be in force from 
and after the times therein respectively limited, without the 
sanction or confirmation of any court, or other authority 
whatsoever : Provided, that such by-laws shall not be re- Provisoes. 
pugnant to the constitution and laws of this commonwealth ; ^ 
And provided also, that the same shall be liable to be an- 
nulled by the legislature thereof. The said city council . 

•^ "^ _ _ "^ Assessment of 

shall also have power, from time to time, to lay and assess taxes, 
taxes for all purposes, for which towns are by law required 
or authorized to assess and grant money ,2 alnd also for all 



1 For general powers of city councils to make by-laws, see Ordinances 
and By-laws. See also stat. 1847, c. 262. 

2 The city council are the agents and trustees of the inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, with a limited authority ; they can perform no act in the execution of 
their trust, unless warranted by some general or special law of the com- 
monwealth, either in express terms or by reasonable inference. The gen- 
eral authority of towns to raise money by the assessment of taxes on the 
inhabitants, was given by the statute of 1785, ch. 75, § 7, " for the settle- 
ment, maintenance and support of the ministry, schools, the poor, and 
other necessary charges arising within the same town," the most of which 
provision is re-enacted in the Revised Statutes, ch. 15, § 12. The only 
difficulty in the construction of this provision has been as to what are 
" other necessary charges," for which towns are authorized to raise money. 
Upon this point there have been several decisions. In the case of Stetson 
V. Kempton, (13 Massachusetts Eeports, 272,) it was held, that towns have 
no authority in time of war and hostile invasion, to raise money to give 
additional wages to the militia and for other purposes of defence. The 
court say, that the erection of public buildings for the accommodation of 
the inhabitants, such as town houses to assemble in, and market houses for 
the sale of provisions, may also be a proper town charge, and may come 
within the fair meaning of the term necessary, for these may be essential to 



30 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

1822, 85. purposes, for wliicli countj taxes may be levied and assessed 

so long as the town of Chelsea shall not be hable to taxation 

Proviso. therefor ; Provided, ,howeve7\ that in the assessment and 



the comfort and convenience of the citizens. But it cannot be supposed 
that the buikling of a theatre, a circus, or any other place of mere amuse- 
ment, at the expense of the town, could be justified under the term neces- 
sary town charges. Nor could the inhabitants be lawfully taxed for the 
purpose of raising a statue or a monument, these being matters of taste 
and not of necessity ; unless in populous and wealthy towns, they should 
be thought suitable ornaments to buildings or squares, the raising and 
maintenance of which are within the duty and care of the governors or 
ofBcers of such towns. In Allen v. Inhabitants of Taunton, ( 1 9 Pick. Eep. 
485,) it was held, that a town is authorized to appropriate money for the 
repair of fire engines, used for the purpose of extinguishing fives therein, 
whether they belong to the town or were purchased by private subscrip- 
tion ; and in the case of Hardy v. Inhabitants of Waltham, (3 Metcalf's 
Eep. 16.3,) it was held, that a town has authority to appropriate money for 
the construction of reservoirs for water to supply fire engines. In the case 
of Spaulding v. City of Lowell, (23 Pick. Rep. 71,) it was held, that cities 
and towns in this commonwealth, by virtue of their general powers, have 
authority in their corporate capacity, to build a market house, to appro- 
priate money therefor, and to assess the same upon the inhabitants, " To 
bring any particular subject," the court remark, '■ within this description 
of necessary town charges, it must appear to be money necessary to the 
execution of some corporate powei", the enjoyment of some corporate right, 
or the performance of some corporate duty, as established by law, or long 
usage!'' A town has no authority to raise money to aid in the construction 
of a road which by law is to be made at the expense of the county, and 
consequently a tax laid by the town for the purpose of collecting the mon- 
ey is illegal and void. A vote by a town appointing a committee to ap- 
propriate money for constructing such road, is an illegal and void act ; 
and a contract for constructing it entered into by the committee in behalf 
of the town, v/ill not be binding upon the town. Parsons v. Inhabitants of 
Goshen, (11 Pick. Rep. 396.) A town has authority to provide for the 
support of a public clock, and to assess the expense thereof upon the in- 
habitants of the town. Willard v. Inhabitants of Neivburyport, (12 Pick 
Rep. 227.) A town is authorized to indemnify its officers, against any 
liability which they may incur in the bona fide discharge of their duties, 
although it turn out that they have exceeded their legal rights and author- 
ity. Nelson v. Milford, (7 Pick. Rep. 18); Bancroft v. Lynnfield, (18 ibid, 
566.) By the act of 1847, ch. 37, whenever any city or town shall have 
voted to raise by taxation, or by pledge of its credit, or to pay over, from 
moneys in its treasury, any sum or sums of money, for any other purpose 
or purposes, than those for which it may have the legal right and power 
so to do, the supreme judicial court is authorized to interfere and prevent 
the same, upon the suit or petition of any ten inhabitants of such city or 
town who are liable to be taxed therein. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 31 

apportionment of all stich taxes upon the polls and estates 
of all persons liable to contribute thereto, the same rules 
and regulations shall be observed as are now established by 
the laws of this commonwealth^ or may be hereafter enact- 
ed, relative to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. The said city council shall also have power to pro- 
vide for the assessment and collection of such taxes, and collection of 

' taxes. 

to make appropriations of all public moneys, and provide 
for the disbursement thereof, and take suitable measures to 
ensure a iust and prompt account thereof ; and for these Assessors to be 

t) i- 1- ' chosen. 

purposes, may either elect such assessors, and assistant 
assessors, as may be needful, or provide for the appoint- 
ment or election of the same, or any of them, by the mayor 
and aldermen, or by the citizens, as in their judgment may 
be most conducive to the public good, and may also require 
of all persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or dis- 
bursement of public moneys, such bonds with such condi- Bonds, &c., may 
tions and such sureties, as the case may in their judgments ^® '^''i""'®'*- 
require. 

XXV. The said city council shall have power, and ^''^ council 

•^ J. ' may provide for 

they are authorized to provide for the appointment or ^'i';;^'?''!"*™'^"* 
election of all necessary officers, for the good government is2i,iio, §i6. 
of said city, not otherwise provided for; to prescribe their 
duties, and fix their compensation, and to choose a register Register of 
of deeds, whenever the city shall compose one county. The '^^^'^^' 
city council also shall have the care and superintendence of 
the public buildings, and the care, custodj^, and manage- care and custody 
ment of all the property of the city, with power to lease or 
sell the same, except the common and Faneuil Hall, with 
power also to purchase property, real or personal, in the Power to pur- 
name, and for the use of the city, whenever its interest or 
convenience may in their judgment require it. 

XXVI. All the power and authority by law vested, at fgf/'^jjo ^^""i^^- 
the time of the act of incorporation, in the board of health ^^ ^^'^^' ^^• 
for the town of Boston, relative to the quarantine of vessels, 

and relative to every other subject whatsoever, shall be 
and the same is hereby transferred to, and vested in the 
said city council, to be carried into execution by the ap- 



S2: CITY CHARTER AND AMEITOMENTS. 

pointment of health commissioners, or in such other manner 
as the health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such alterations 
as the legislature may from time to time adopt.^ The 
mayor and aldermen of said city, and the said common 

City treasurer. ., , „ • i t c ^ • 

1821, 110, $ 18. council shall as soon as conveniently may be, alter their 
annual organization, meet together in convention, and elect 
some suitable and trustworthy person to be the treasurer of 

County treasur- said city, who shall also be county treasurer. 

er. K. S. 14, -^ ' "^ 

$47. 

Overseers of the XXYII. The citizcns at their respective ward meet- 

is^-Mj'iio 5 19. ^^S^5 *^ ^® ^^^^ °^ ^^® second Monday of December annu^ 

(AdopTeAyciti- ^%5 ^^^^^ ®^®*^^ ^J ^^^^^t onc pcrsou in each ward,. to be an 

18K ' Bos't'orf Ke- o^erseer of the poor ; and the persons thus chosen shall 

lol^)' ^°^' ^'^' ''■ together constitute the board of overseers for said city, and 

shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties, 

by law appertaining, at the time of the act of incorporation, 

to the overseers of the poor for the town of Boston, until 

the same shall be altered or qualified by the legislature.^ 

School commit- XXYIII. The school committee of the city of Boston 
1835, 128, $ 1. shall consist of the mayor, of the president of the common 
iens^ln wa^d'"" couucil, and of twcuty-four other persons, two of whom 
^ri835.*' ^''"' shall be chosen in each ward, and who shall be inhabitants 
fum°s'of v^o'tes" of the wards in which they are chosen ; said twenty-four 
April 29, 18350^' mcmbcrs to be chosen by the inhabitants at their annual 

election of municipal ofiicers ; and said school committee 
1831, 110, § 19. shall have the care and superintendence of the pubhc 

schools. 

Accountability XXIX. All boards, and officers, acting under the 
offfcers°for*pu'if- authority of the said corporation, and entrusted with the 
i82i) Tio^ <j 20. expenditure of public money, shall be accountable therefor 



1 See Revised Statutes, c. 21, § 2, repealed by stat. 1847. c. 229. See 
also Stat. 1849, c 211. 

^ As to the corporate power of the overseers of the poor of Boston, 
see Overseers of the Poor of Boston v. Sears. (22 Pick. Rep. 122.) 



Annual financial 
statement. 



CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 

to the cltj council in such manner as thej may direct. 
And it shall be the duty of the city council to publish and 
distribute, annually, for the information of the citizens, a 
particular statement of the receipts and expenditures of all 
public moneys, and a particular statement of all city prop- 
erty. 

XXX. In all cases in which appointments to office are Mayor may nom- 

^ -^ mate certain om- 

directed to be made by the mayor and aldermen, the mayor jers. 
shall have the exclusive power of nomination ; such nomina- 
tion, however, being subject to be confirmed or rejected by 
the board of aldermen : Provided, hotvever, that no person Members of city 
shall be eligible to any office, the salary of which is payable b°e" to sa"iaried^' 
out of the city treasury, who at the time of his appoint- 
ment, shall be a member either of the board of aldermen or 
common council. 

XXXI. It shall be the duty of the two branches of the Number of repre- 

" sentatives to 

city council, in the month of October, in each year, after f^nf^^i court. 

''_ ' . . 1^21, 110, $ 23. 

their annual organization, to meet in convention and deter- ^^si, 38. 
mine the number of representatives, which it may be ex- 
pedient for the corporation to send to the general court in 
such year, within its constitutional limits, and to publish 
such determination, which shall be conclusive ; and the 
number thus determined shall be specified in the warrant 
calling a meeting for the election of representatives ; and 
neither the mayor, nor any aldermen, or members of the coi™cfno°hoid'*' 
common council, shall, at the same time, hold any other "o^o^iier office, 
office under the city government. 

XXXII. All city officers, after their election, shall be °ii^r''e'their'd'u- 
held to discharge the duties to which they have been standi"!" remov- 
elected, being residents of the ward at the time of their ^ll^l^ °"'®'^ 
election, notwithstanding their removal afterwards out of /^If' f,'J,' lylyiy 
their ward into any other ward of the city. Re'cord^ \o\\-i 

p. 406. 

XXXIII. AH elections for governor, lieutenant aov- J?''^'^*;"""/'' """ 

o ' o tional and state 

ernor, senators, representatives, representatives to congress, '^^^^^li^. ^ .23 



34 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS- 



fb^is' ^ ^^' ^' and all other officers, who are to be chosen and voted for 
by the people, shall be held at meetings of the citizens 
qualified to vote in such elections, in their respective 
wards, at the time fixed by law for those elections respect- 
ively. And at such meetings, all the votes given in, being 
collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the inspectors 
of elections, in each ward, it shall be the duty of the 
clerk of such ward to make a true record of the same, 
specifying therein the whole number of ballots given in, the 
name of each person voted for, and the number of votes for 
each, expressed in words at length. And a transcript of 
such record, certified by the warden, clerk, and a majority 
of the inspectors of elections in such wardj shall forthwith 
be transmitted or delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk 
of the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible 
abstract of them, as they are successively received, in the 
journals of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
in some other book kept for that purpose. And it shall be 
the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together 
within two days after every such election, and examine 
and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to make 
out a certificate of the result of such election, to be signed 
by the mayor and a majority of the aldermen, and also by 
the city clerk, which shall be transmitted, delivered or 
returned, in the same manner as similar returns are by law 
directed to be made hj the selectmen of towns ; and such 
certificates and returns shall have the same force and efiect 
in all respects, as like returns of similar elections made by 
Separate lists of til selcctmcn of towns. At the election of governor, lieu- 
or,'^&c^°to"br'^"" tenant governor, and senators, it shall be the duty of the 
the"se^ret1iry or mayor and aldermen to make and seal up separate lists of 
R.s!Xf^i. persons voted for as governor, lieutenant governor, and 
senators of the commonwealth, with the number of votes for 
each person, Avritten in words at length against his name, 
and to transmit said lists to the secretary of the common- 
votes for elect- Wealth or to the sheriffs of their respective counties. The 
fcc-^howMd" ' mayor and aldermen shall, within three days next after the 



Exarairiation 
and return of 
votes. 



Certificate. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 35 

day of any election of electors of president and vice presi- mitted*totho*°^" 
dent of the United States, heldlby virtue of the laws of j^^^^f^f^-^ i_ 
this commonwealth, or of the United States, deliver, or 
cause to be delivered the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, 
to the sheriff of the county, and the said sheriff shall within 
four days after recei'^dng said lists, transmit the same to 
the office of the secretary of the common Avealth, or the said 
mayor and aldermen may, and when the office of sheriff is 
vacant, he or they shall themselves transmit the said lists 
to the said office within seven days after the election,^and 
all votes not so transmitted shall be rejected. In all elec- proceedings in 
tions for representatives to the general court, in case the ^?^^^ ar^nor**' 
whole number proposed to be elected shall not be chosen "Chosen, 
by a majority of the votes legally returned, the mayor and 
aldermen shall forthwith issue their warrant for a new elec- 
tion, and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
as are herein before directed, until the wholenumber shall 
be elected. 1 

XXXIV. Prior to every^ election of city officers, or of '^'ayor and aider- 

•^ . ™^'^ '" make 

any officer or officers under the o-overnment of the United lists of voters 

•^ ^ prior to every 

States or of this commonwealth, it shall be the duty of said ^'^^ction. 

' _ ^"^^ 1821, no, §24. 

mayor and aldermen to make out lists of all the citizens of R- s. 3. 
each ward qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 
in which selectmen and assessors of towns are recjuired to 
make out similar hsts of voters, and for that purpose they 
shall have free access to the assessors' books and lists, and 
be entitled to the aid and assistance of all assessors, assist- 
ant assessors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of said'mayor and aldermen to deliver such list 
of the voters in each ward, so prepared and corrected, to 
the clerk of said ward, to be used by the warden and in- 
spectors thereof at such election ; and no person shall be 

1 This section of the city charter contains also a provision for taking 
the sense of the town upon the question, whether the election for State 
and United States officers should be holden in general meeting ; which 
question was decided by the inhabitants in the negative, at a meeting held 
Monday, March 4, 1822. See Boston Records, vol. 10, p. 457. 



36 



CITY CHAETEE, AND AMENDMENTS. 



entitled to vote at such election, whose name is not borne on 

such list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in such 

Inspectors to ai- elcctions, it shall be the duty of the inspectors, in each 

vote vvhose " ward, to take care that no person shall vote at such elec- 

name is not on , • i • ± i i^i t i r» . t 

the list. tion, whose name is not so borne on the hst oi voters, and 

to cause a mark to be placed against the name of each 
voter on such list, at the time of giving in his vote. 

Duties of ward XXXV. It shall bc the duty of all ward officers 

ofticers at all ^ _ "^ _ 

1845 '217' fi 3 authorized to preside and act at elections of city officers to 
(Adopted by city attend and perform their respective duties, at the times 

Council. Uity ■■■ ■•■ ^ 

15-ecords, vol. 23, and placcs appointed for elections of any officers, whether 
of the United States, state, city, or wards, and t.o make 
and sign the reanilar returns of the same. 



General meet- 
ings ot the citi- 
zens. 
1891,110, $25. 



XXXVI. Greneral meetings of the citizens, qualified to 
vote in city affairs, may from time to time be held to con- 
sult upon the common good, to give instructions to their 
representatives, and to take all lawful measures to obtain a 
redress of any grievances, according to the right secured 
to the people by the constitution of this commonwealth. 
And such meetings shall and may be duly warned by the 
mayor and aldermen, upon the requisition of fifty qualified 
voters of said city. 



Warrants for XXXVII. All warrants for the meetings of the citi- 

meetings to be '=' _ 

issued by mayor 2ens, for municipal purposes to be had either in general 

and aldermen. ' i 1 1 o 

i82i,jio, $26. meetings or in wards, shall be issued by the mayor and 
aldermen, and shall be in such form, and shall be served, 
executed, and returned at such time, and in such manner, 
as the city council may, by any by-law, direct and appoint. 



City of Boston to XXXVIII. The city of Boston shall continue to have 

have all the «^ 

powers, &c. con- qj^^ exercisc all the powers and privileges, and be subject 
^^h^^'^^ ^ o^ to all the duties and liabilities, mentioned in the act estab- 

lishing said city of Boston, and in the several acts specially 

relating to said city. 



CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS, 



SEAL OF THE CITY, 



An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common ordinance to es- 
Council of the City of Boston, in City Cou7icil assembled, seal'.'' Vas's^ed^"^ 
That the design hereto annexed, as sketched by John E. ■*"" "' 
Penniman, giving a view of the city, be the device of the 
city seal ; that the motto be as follows, to wit : " Sicut 
patribus, sit Deus nobis ;" and that the inscription be as 
follows, to wit : " Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




AMUSEMENTS. 



AMUSEMENTS. 

STATUTE. 

Mayor and ai- 1. TliG major aiicl aldermen of any city, or the select- 
cense theatrical men of anj town, may license all theatrical exhibitions, puh- 
bitions, &c.' lie shows, public amusements, and exhibitions of every des- 

9 Pick. 415. ... ... . 

See mite, p. 28. cription, to which admission is obtained upon payment of 

1849 231 ^i. . . 

' ' * money, or the delivery of any valuable thing, or by any 
ticket, or voucher, obtained for money, or any valuable thing, 
upon such terms and conditions as they shall think reason- 
able ; and they may revoke or suspend the same whenever 
there shall appear to them to be sufficient cause for such 
revocation or suspension. 
Penalty for exhi- 2. Any porsou who shall offcr to view, or shall set up, 

bition without a , ^ , • i • i n i t i n 

license. sct on loot, mauitam, or carry on, or shall pubnsh, or other- 

' '^ " wise assist in, or promote any such exhibition, show or 

amusement, as mentioned in the preceding section, without 
a license as therein specified, shall be punished by a fine 
not exceeding five hundred dollars for each offence. 
Masked balls 3. Any pcrsou who shall get up and set on foot, or 

pTnaut!"' ""'^'"^ cause to be published, or otherwise aid in getting up and 
Ibid, § 3. promoting any masked ball, or other public assembly, at 

which the company wear masks, or other disguises, and to 
which admission is obtained upon payment of money, or the 
delivery of any valuable thing, or by any ticket or voucher 
obtained for money, or any valuable thing, shall be punish- 
ed by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars ; and for a 
repetition of the ofience, by imprisonment in the common 
jail or house of correction, not exceeding one year. 



39 



COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 

Sect. 1. The major and aldermen shall have the care Mayor and al- 
and custody of the common, public squares and public foun- the care and 
tains of the city, subject to such ordinances as may from common, public 
time to time be adopted by the city council ; but no more iic fountains. 
money shall be expended on the same than is appropriated ^ ' ^ • 
for that purpose by the city council. 

Sect. 2. It shall be lawful for any police officer to remove Police officers 

n ,1 f» ii 1 i> may remove 

from the common, or any ot the pubhc squares, any person, offenders, 
who is violating any law or ordinance, or is committing any 
miisance, or is guilty of any disorderly conduct. 

Sect. 3. No person shall ride, lead or drive any horse Horses not to be 
m or upon the open grounds of the city, called the common, '"O"- 
or in or upon any enclosed public square, unless by permis- 
sion of the mayor and aldermen ; provided, however, that Proviso. 
on occasion of military exercise, parade or review, the intro- 
duction of any horses on the common, which may be neces- 
sary for the purpose of such exercise, parade and review, 
shall not be deemed an infraction of this ordinance. 

Sect. 4. No person shall dig or carry aAvay any of the sward, gravel, 

T ij_f 1- f. fee. not to be 

sward, gravel, sand, turi or earth m or from any part of taken from the 

,, , , , ,. , common. 

the common, common lands, or public squares, except by 
permission of the mayor and aldermen for some public use. 

Sect. 6. No person, except by permission of the mayor Trees on the 
and aldermen, shall climb, break, peel, cut, deface, either not to bejinjured 
by posting up bills of any description or otherwise, remove, ^ee also u.s. 
injure or destroy any of the trees, growing, or which shall ' ^ 
hereafter be planted on the common, or either of the malls 
adjoining the common, or on the common lands of the city, 
or in any street or public place of the city. 

Sect. 6. No person shall, in any manner, carry or cause Fiith, &c. not to 
to be carried into the common, or common lands, or any cwnmon. 
public square or place of the city, any dead carcass, ordure, 



40 COMMON" AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

filth, dirt, stones, or any offensive matter or substance what- 
soever ; and no person shall commit any nuisance in the 
said common, common la,nds, or any public square or place 
of the city. 
Carpets, where Sect. 7. No pcrson shall shakc or otherwise cleanse 

not to be shaken. . n n i i • n ,-i 

any carpet on any oi the common lands, or m any oi the 
pubhc squares or places, streets,lanes, or alleys of the city, 
except upon the common ; and no person shall shake, or 
otherwise cleanse any carpet upon the said common, within 
ten rods of either of the malls or either of the pubhc paths, 
made under the authority of the city government across the 
same. 
Cattle, &c. not Sect. 8. No owucr Or keeper of any horse or .grazing 
o go a arge. gr^^^ile shall suffor the same to go at large, or to feed upon 
the common, or common lands, public squares, streets, 
lanes, or alleys of the city, under the j)enalty hereinafter 
provided. And any horse or cattle found at large, in said 
When to be im- city, uot having a keeper, shall be liable to be impounded 
pounded. |^^ ^^^^ g^l^ driver, and detained by him until the payment 

of fifty cents, together with the cost and charges of im- 
pounding and keeping the same. 
Penalties. Sect. 9. Any pcrsou who shall offend against any of 

the provisions of this ordinance, shall forfeit and pay for 
each offence a sum not less than one nor more than twenty 
dollars, to be recovered by complaint before the justices of 
the police court. [Ma^, 13, 1850.] 



41 



MARSHAL. 



ORDINANCE OP THE CITY. 



Sect. 1. There shall be appointed, by the mayor and Appointment of 

^ J- ^ d J city marshal. 

aldermen, annually, in the month of May or June, and sept. 12, 1850. 
whenever a vacancy occurs, a city marshal, who shall hold 
his office one year from the time of his appointment, unless Tenure of office, 
removed as is hereinafter provided. 

Sect. 2. The said city marshal shall also be appointed to be constable, 
a constable of the city, and shall take the oath and give to be sworn and 
bond according to law. He shall have precedence and con- lank, 
trol over all other constables and police officers, whenever 
engaged in the same service, and whenever directed thereto 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 3. The said city marshal, in addition to the bond Additional bond, 
mentioned in the preceding section, shall give a bond, with 
sureties, to be approved by the mayor and aldermen, in the 
sum of one thousand dollars, for the faithful performance of 
the duties of his office. 

Sect. 4. The said city marshal, whenever authorized Deputies, 
by the mayor and aldermen, may appoint one or more depu- 
ties, to be approved by the mayor and aldermen, who shall 
also be appointed special police officers. They shall assist 
the city marshal in the duties of his office, and may act for 
him on all proper occasions, in his absence ; and he shall be 
responsible for their conduct. 

Sect. 5. The said city marshal and his deputies shall compensation, 
receive such compensation as the city council may from 
time to time determine, and they or either of them may be May be removed 
removed from office at any time by the mayor and alder- 
men. 

Sect. 6. The said city marshal shall attend at his office Marshal toat- 
daily, by himself or his deputy or deputies, at all hours, day to receive^om-* 
and night, including Sundays, for the purpose of receiving ibid""' 
all complaints of the inhabitants, respecting offences com- 



42 OFFICERS AND OFFICE HOURS. 

mitted against the laws, the ordinances of the city, and or- 
ders of the mayor and aldermen, and shall be vigilant in 
Duty as to pro- detecting any such offences. He shall institute prosecutions 
offenders." against all offenders against such laws, ordinances and or- 
ders, without unnecessary delay, and shall attend to the 
trial of the same, and shall take proper measures for the 
conviction of such offenders, whenever the same are discov- 
ered hy him or brought to his notice. 
To keep record. Sect. 7. The Said city marshal shall keep a correct re- 
cord of all the doings of his office, and shall make a regular 
To make report, report thereof to the city council, as often as once in three 

months, and at such other times as they shall require. 
Duty as to Ob- Sect. 8. The said city marshal shall take notice of all 
streets?"^'" nuisancos, impediments, and obstructions in the streets, 
lanes, alleys, courts, public places and squares of the city, 
and shall remove the same, or take all proper measures in 
relation thereto according to law, under the direction of the 
mayor and aldermen. 
To enforce ordi- Sect. 9. The Said city marshal shall enforce and carry 
city'and°orders into cffcct, to the utmost of his powcr, all and every of the 
aidwrnen.*" Ordinances of the city and orders of the mayor and alder- 
men which shall be in force ; he shall obey and execute all 
the commands and orders of the mayor and aldermen, in 
relation to any matter or thing in which the city may be in 
any wise concerned or interested ; and shall comply with 
all such regulations, as may at any time be prescribed by 
the mayor and aldermen. \_Sept. 12, 1850.] 



Ibid. 



OFFICERS AND OFFICE HOURS. 



ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 



Time and mode Sect. 1. The following city officors shall be chosen an- 

tain officers. nually, in the month of January or February, by concur- 

'■ ' rent vote of the two branches of the city council, to wit: 

surveyors of highways, fence viewers, cullers of hoops and 

staves, field drivers, pound keepers, and inspectors of hme. 



OFFICERS AND OFFICE HOURS. 43 

Sect. 2. Whenever any ordinance shall provide for the certain provu 

•^ J- ^ sions to be direc- 

election of any city officer, at or within a time specified, Jo^y merely, 
such provision shall be considered as directory; and an 
election after the expiration of such time shall be valid. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the committee on. pub- committee on 

■^ '■ public buildings 

lie buildino;s, under the direction of the mayor and alder- to assign, &c., 

'-' ' _ '' ^ offices and 

men, to assign and furnish in a proper manner suitable jooms. 
offices and rooms in the public buildings, or to procure the 
same elsewhere at the expense of the city, for the various 
city officers. 

Sect. 4. The office hours of the city treasurer shall be omce hours of 
from nine of the clock in the forenoon until two of the clock ibid, 
in the afternoon. 

Sect. 5. The office hours of the city clerk, the auditor of or citycierk, au- 
accounts, and the city registrar, shall be from the first day trar. 
of April to the first day of October, from eight of the clock 
in the forenoon until two of the clock in the afternoon, and 
from three and one half of the clock in the afternoon until six 
of the clock in the afternoon ; and the remainder of the year, 
from nine of the clock in the forenoon until two of the clock 
in the afternoon, and from three and one half of the clock 
until five of the clock in the afternoon. 

Sect. 6. The office hours of the assessors shall be the of assessors, 
same as those appointed in the next preceding section, ex- 
cept for such portion of the year as they may be necessa- 
rily absent, for the purpose of appraising the real and per- 
sonal property, and obtaining the number of polls, for taxa- 
tion. 

Sect. 7. Each of the officers before named shall attend officers to at- 

. 1 1 • 1 ^^'"^ ** other 

the duties of their several offices at such other times as the times, if re- 
mayor and aldermen may deem the interest of the city to ibid, 
require. 

Sect. 8. The city clerk, under the direction and con- Duties of city 

clerk. 

trol of the mayor and aldermen, shall have the care and ibid." 
custody of the city records, and of all documents, maps, 
plans and papers, respecting the care and custody of which 
no other provision is made. He shall attend and keep the 
records at all meetings of the city council. [^jSept. 9, 
1850.] 



44 ORDINANCES. 



ORDINANCES. 

ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 

Enacting style Sect. 1. All bj-laws of the citj shall be denominated 

nances. Ordinances, and the enacting style shall be, " Be it ordained 

^^ ' ' bj the mayor, aldermen and common council of the city of 

Boston, in city council assembled, as follows." 
Ordinances to be Sect. 2. All Ordinances of the city shall be recorded 
rourd and're/ at length by the city clerk in a book to be kept for that 
Ibid. " purpose, previous to which they shall be examined by- a joint 

standing committee of the city council on ordinances, who 

shall certify on the backs of the originals that they are 

rightly and truly enrolled. 
Ordinances, and Sect. 3. The Ordinances of the city council, and the 

the orders of . ^ ^ 

mayor and ai- orders of the mavor and aldermen, shall be published and 

dermen, to be ^ ^ ' ^ . 

published. promulgated by inserting the same two weeks successively 
in the newspapers published in the city of Boston, wherein 
are printed the laws of the commonwealth for the time be- 
ing, and in such other of the newspapers published and 
printed within the city, as the city council may designate ; 

This provision but this and the second section are directory merely, and a 

to be directory . j ,j :/ 

merely. failure to comply with the same shall not aliect the vahdity 

of any order or ordinance. 
Fines to enure Seot. 4. All fiucs and penalties for the violation of any 

to the use of the n ri t o .i •/ •■, f. n i 

city, except, &c. 01 the Ordinances oi the city council, or any ot the orders 
of the mayor and aldermen, when recovered, shall enure to 
the use of the city, and shall be paid into the city treasury, 
except in those cases where it may be otherwise provided 
by the acts of the legislature, or the ordinances of the city. 

When this ordi- Sect, 5. This Ordinance shall take effect on the first 

effect! ^"^^^ **^^ day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred 

''''• and fifty-one. \_Sept, 16, 1850.] 



45 
PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 

Sect. 1. In the month of January in each year there committee on 

... . f ^ • public buildings 

shall be appointed a lomt committee of the city council, to '" ^e appninted. 

^^ . J •> July j^ i85{)_ 

be called the committee on public buildings, to consist of 
three members of the board of mayor and aldermen, and 
five members of the common council. 

Sect. 2. The said committee shall have the care and 'i'" I'^ve care 

and custody of 

custody of all the school houses and other buildings belono;- school houses 

. ^ . " ~ and other city 

mg to the citj, and oi the erection, alteration and repair buildings, ex- 
thereof, except as otherwise provided in this, and other ib'^' 
ordinances of the city, and subject to such rules, orders 
and regulations as the city council may from time to time 
adopt. 

Sect. 3. The said committee are authorized to lease To lease buiid- 

... . ingsbelonglngto 

any building belonging to the city, which is not otherwise city, subject, &c. 
appropriated, for any period not exceeding three years, and 
upon such terms and conditions as they may deem expe- 
dient, subject, however, to the approval of the board of 
mayor and aldermen ; and in such case the lease shall be Lease to be 

. T T , 1 1 ,1 signed by mayor. 

Signed and executed by the mayor. 

Sect. 4. Whenever any building for the use of the committee to 

• ,1111 111 •! prepare plans 

City shall be erected, altered or repaired, the expense of anti specifica- 

. , f.r>iiiii tionsofbuild- 

which may exceed the sum oi five hundred dollars, it shall ingstobe erect- 
be the duty of the committee that may have charge of the repaired. 

X , 1 -, 1 . . Ibid. 

same, to prepare, or cause to be prepared, the requisite 
plans and specifications of the work to be done. 

Sect. 5. The said committee shall oive notice in the 3"° P"f''I-^^ °°^ 

o tice ot time ana 

newspapers in which the ordinances of the city are pub- f/n^^oJ" ^ ®''^''''" 
lished, of the time and place- ibr the exhibition of such ^'''''• 
plans and specifications, as may be necessary to enable con- 
tractors to make their estimates of the proposed work. 

Sect. 6. No proposal shall be received by the said Proposals for 

'- ^ 'J work to be 

committee, from any person offering to contract for such ^^^y^^- 



46 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 



How opened. 



Not to be dis- 
closed till con- 
tract is made. 

Proviso. 



Contracts ex- 
ceeding $5U0, to 
be in writing, 
and signed by 
tlie mayor. 
Ibid. 

Not to be al- 
tered, nnless,(Stc. 



Expenditures not 
to exceed appro- 
priations. 
Ibid. 



Purcjiases of 
land (ox erectinf 
buildings, to be 
made under di- 
rection of com- 
mittee. 
Ibid. 

Certain build- 
ings excepted 
from preceding 
section. 
Ibid. 



Superintendent 
of public build- 
ings. 
Ibid. 



work, unless the same is sealed ; and no proposal shall be 
opened except in committee actually assembled ; and the 
contents of no proposal shall be made known to any person 
not a member of the committee, until after a contract shall 
have been made ; provided, always, that if any such pro- 
posals shall be offered by persons, who, in the judgment of 
the said committee, shall be incompetent to perform their 
contracts in a workmanlike manner, or irresponsible in 
respect to their means of faithfully executing the same, the 
said committee may, in their discretion, reject any such 
proposal, notwithstanding the same be at a lower rate than 
other proposals offered for the same work. 

Sect. 7. In all cases where the amount of any contract 
shall exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, the contract 
shall be in writing, and signed by the mayor on the part of 
the city ; and, after being signed by the parties, no such 
contract shall be altered in any particular, unless three- 
fourths of the said committee shall signify their assent 
thereto in writing under their respective signatures, in- 
dorsed on the said contract. 

Sect. 8. The amount of expenditures for the foregoing 
purposes in any one year, shall never exceed the appropri- 
ations made by the city council for the same ; and no ex- 
penditure exceeding two hundred dollars shall ever be 
made, in the alteration or repair of any building, without 
an express vote of the city council authorizing the same. 

Sect. 9. Whenever the city council shall order the 
purchase of any land, for the purpose of erecting any 
building thereon, such purchase shall be made under the 
direction of the said committee on public buildings. 

Sect. 10. The preceding sections shall not apply to 
the jail, the court house, the registry of deeds, the house 
of correction, or any other buildings of which the erection, 
care or maintenance is devolved by law on the mayor and 
aldermen. 

Sect. 11. There shall be chosen in the month of April 
or May, in each year, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by 
concurrent vote of the two branches of the city council, a 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 47 

superintendent of public buildings, who shall hold his ofiBce 
until a successor is appointed, or he is removed. He shall 
be removable at the pleasure of the city council, and 
shall receive such compensation as the said council may 
from time to time determine. 

Sect. 12. The said superintendent, before entering To give bond, 
on the duties of his office, shall give bond, with one or 
more sureties, to the approbation of the major and alder- 
men, with condition that he will not, directly or indirectly, condition of 
for himself or others, or by others in trust for him, or on 
his account, have any interest or concern in any contract 
or agreement for the erection, alteration or repair of any 
building belonging to the city, or in any purchase, sale 
or lease made by the city under and by virtue of this 
ordinance. 

Sect. 13. The said superintendent, under the direc- To i:ave cafe 

,..,.. ^, pi ^^^ custody of 

tion of the committee on public buudino[;s, or of the mayor sciiooihouses 

1 1 iVi 1 ^ and other build- 

and aldermen as the- case may be, shall have the care and ings. 
custody of all the school houses and other buildings belong- 
ing to the city, except as otherwise provided, whether used 
for county purposes or otherwise ; he shall keep himself His duties, 
acquainted with their condition ; he shall employ suitable 
mechanics, and shall himself superintend all repairs that 
may be ordered on the same ; and, in general, he shall 
render such services as may be required of him, in relation 
to such buildings, by the mayor and aldermen, by the com- 
mittee on public buildings, or by any other committee or 
board appointed by the city council. 

Sect. 14. The said superintendent shall keep an accu- to keep record. 
rate record of all buildings belonging to the city, and lands 
appurtenant to such buildings ; and in the month of Janu- to report to city 

. , 1 1 n 1 • •! council. 

ary, m each year, he shall present to the city council a 
report in relation to the same, showing their condition, and 
the nature and amount of expenditures that shall have been 
made in relation thereto. 

Sect. 15. No building, or land appurtenant thereto no building or 

111 -iL f L^ -L M • 1 land appurte- 

shall be sold by any committee oi the city council, without nant to be sold 
an order from the city council authorizing such sale. IJiih der from the 

^^^1-^-1 Li/ city council. 

1, 1850.] Ibid. 



48 
PUBLIC LANDS. 

ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 

Committee on Sect. 1. In the month of January, in each year, there 
be appointed, shall bo appointed a joint committee of the city council, to 
be called the committee on pubhc lands, to consist of two 
aldermen and five members of the common council, and of 
the mayor, who shall be chairman ex officio. 
To have care and Sect. 2. The Said committcc shall have the care and 
public lands. management of the public lands belonging to the city, so 
far as relates to the improvement, sale and disposal of the 
same, subject to the limitations, mentioned in this and other 
ordinances of the city, and to such rules, orders and regu- 
lations, as the city council may from time to time adopt. 
May lay out Sect. 3. The Said committee are authorized to lay out 

streets, &c. ^ ^ 

Ibid. and make such streets, passage-ways and squares on the 

May lay sewers, public lauds, to lay such sowcrs therein, and to make such 

alterations in the lots, as they may deem expedient, subject 

to the approval of the mayor and aldermen. 

Superintendent Sect. 4. Thcrc shaU bc chosou annually in the month 

of public lands i> k -t hit ii 

to be chosen. 01 April or May, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by con- 
current vote of the two branches of the city council, a 
superintendent of public lands, who shall hold his office 
until a successor is appointed, or he is removed. He shall 
be removable at the pleasure of the city council, and shall 
receive such compensation as the said council may from 
time to time determine. 

Shall give bond. Sect. 5. The Said superintendent, before entering on 
the duties of his office, shall give bond, with one or more 
sureties, to the approbation of the mayor and aldermen, 

Condition of with coudition that he will not, directly or indirectly, for 
himself or others, or by others in trust for him, or on his 
account, have any interest or concern in any purchase, 
lease, contract or agreement, to be made in pursuance of 
this ordinance. 



Ibid. 



bond. 



PliBUC LANDS. 49 

Sect. 6. The said superintendent shall devote himself put'es of super- 

'■ , intendent. 

to the care, improvement and sale of the public lands, and, 'bid. 
under the direction of the said committee, shall cause them 
to be surveyed and laid out into convenient lots, and con- 
tract for the sale, and actually sell or lease the same, at 
public or private sale. But this and the third section shall 
not apply to the common, the land and flats west of Charles 
street, the city wharf, the lands connected with the public 
institutions at South Boston, or to any other lands pur- 
chased or held for specific purposes, unless by special vote 
of the city council. 

Sect. 7. The said superintendent may, under the direc- May contract to 
tion of the said committee, contract and agree for defray- ^y transferror* 

,1,1 , • • 1 lands. 

mg m part, or m whole, the cost or expense mcident to, or ibid, 
arising out of the performance of any acts which he is by 
this ordinance authorized to do and perform, by transfer of 
lands to the contracting parties, in lieu of money, when the 
same can be done with advantage to the city. 

Sect. 8. The said superintendent shall, at all times his duties in re- 

n 1 . 1 . 1 r. ■■ . ■, . lation to the lay- 

pertorm such services as may be required of him bv the ingoutof 

. . streets &c. 

mayor and aldermen, in the laying out, alteration or widen- 'tid. 
ing of streets, and in the trial or settlement of any and all 
claims for damages, in consequence of such laying out, alter- 
ation or widening, and in the care and improvement of the 
common and public squares. 

Sect. 9. All contracts, deeds, conveyances and leases, ah contracts, 
made by virtue of t^^is ordinance, shall be signed and ex- ty the mayor, 

, , , , . and countersign- 

ecuted by the ^ ^r, m the same manner as it the same ed by superin- 
were made by order of the city council, and shall be coun- ibid, 
tersigned by the said superintendent. 

Sect. 10. The said superintendent shall, at least once superintendent 

, , 1 fL 'It to make quar- 

in three months, and as oiten as required, make a true teriy reports, 
and correct report of his proceedings under this ordinance, 
and exhibit proper schedules and accounts of all lands sold, 
moneys received and securities taken, to the mayor and 
aldermen, which shall be by them sent to the common 
council. 

7 



50 REGISTRAR. 

To keep record Sect. 11. The Said Superintendent shall keep an accurate 
vacant lands, rccord or account of all the vacant lands belonging to the 
city ; and whenever any such land shall be purchased by 
the city, for any purpose, it shall be the duty of the per- 
son or persons so purchasing the same, to make report 
thereof forthwith to the said superintendent. 
Moneys, securi- Sect. 12. All money agreed to be paid by any pur- 
paid to and de- chascr or lessoc of the public lands, and all notes, bonds, 

posited with the . . „ 

treasurer. mortgages and securities tor moneys, arising or accrumg 

from or in virtue of any contract made by said superinten- 
dent, shall be paid to and deposited with the treasurer. 
No conveyance Sect. 13. N"o Conveyance of any estate in fee or for 
tu/'pu'l-chLT*^ life in any lands belonging to the city, shall be delivered, 
MTecured^.*'^ Until the purchase money is paid, or secured by a mortgage 
^^^^' of the same land or other land of equal value ; and the 

mayor may from time to time release to any mortgagor or 
his assigns, any part of the mortgaged premises, on pay- 
ment of an equivalent portion of the purchase money. And 
in all cases where lands other than those sold are proposed 
to be taken as collateral security, the consent and appro- 
bation of the mayor in writing shall be first obtained. 
No expenditure," Sect. 14. There sliall be no expenditure of money, or 
without^s\lirtfo^n contract requiring the expenditure of money to be made, 
Ibid"'' *^""°'^''" under or by virtue of this ordinance, without the sanction 
of the city council, by an appropriation first made to meet 
such expenditure. [Jul;?/ 22, 1850.] 



REGISTRAR. 



ORDINANCE OF THE CITY, 



City registrar to Sect. 1. There shall be chosen in the month of Febru- 

sept!* 9^1850. ary or March, in each year, and whenever a vacancy occurs? 

by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city council, 

a city registrar, who shall hold his office until a successor 



REGISTRAK. 51 

is appointed, or he is removed, and wlio shall be removable 
at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. The said city registrar shall perform the duties to perform du- 

,,, ,1 /. TTi 1-i 11 ties of clerks and 

reqmred by law to be periormed by town and city clerks, registrars in re- 

1 . , . , . 1 ,. L 1 • J.1 • lation to births, 

or town and city registrars, m relation to births, marriages, marriages and 
and deaths ; and he shall have the custody of all records, ibid. *' 
books and papers, belonging to the city, relating to these 
matters. 

Sect. 3. The said city registrar shall, in the month of to report to 
January, annually, report to the city council a statement of ibid.*^°"'"^* ' 
the number of births, of intentions of marriage entered ac- 
cording to law, of marriages solemnized, and of deaths re- 
corded during the previous year, with such other informa- 
tion, and suggestions in relation thereto, as he may deem 
useful ; and he shall perform such other duties as may be 
required of him by the mayor and aldermen or the city 
council. 

Sect. 4. The said city registrar is authorized to employ Assistant regis- 
one or more assistants, to act under his authority and di- ibid.' 
rection, in obtaining information concerning all matters 
which may legally come under his superintendence. 

Sect. 5. The said city registrar shall receive, in full Compensation of 

•^ CD ' registrar. 

compensation for all his services under the general laws and i^id. 
the ordinances of the city, such salary, and such additional 
allowance for necessary clerk hire and assistants, as the 
city council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 6. The compensation required by law to be paid compensation of 

i . . . undertakers. 

for obtaining and returning to the city registrar the infer- ibid- 
mation required concerning persons deceased, shall be un- 
derstood as included in the fees, provided to be paid to 
undertakers, in the fifty-first section of an ordinance relat- 
ing to the public health, passed on the twentieth day of 
August, in the year eighteen hundred and fifty ; and this 
section shall be considered as a part of their agreement, in 
accepting ofiice. '[Sejpt. 9, 1850.] 



52 



TAXES. 



ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 



Assessors to be 
chosen. 
Oct. 24, 1850. 



Their duties 
and compensa- 
tion. 



Committee to 
nominate as- 
sessors. 
Ibid. 



Assistant asses- 
sors to be chosen. 
Ibid. 



Compensation. 



Assessors, &:c., 
may be removed, 
Ibid. 

Vacancies to be 
filled. 



Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually, in the month 
of March, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the 
city council, seven assessors of the public taxes ; four of 
whom shall be voted for upon one ballot, and shall devote 
their whole time to the service of the city, and shall receive 
such compensation as the city council may determine ; and 
the remaining three shall be voted for on one ballot, and 
shall receive for their services four dollars per day each, 
while going through the wards, taking a list of the ratable 
polls, and estimating the value of real and personal estates ; 
and three dollars per day in full for their services while 
engaged in other duties of their office. All the said asses- 
sors shall serve during the year, and until others are chosen 
and qualified in their stead. 

Sect. 3- In the month of February annually, a com- 
mittee of the common council, consisting of one member 
from each ward, shall be appointed, whose duty it shall be 
to nominate assistant assessors, from the several wards, se- 
lecting, as nearly as may be, a just representation from the 
various callings of the persons to be taxed. 

Sect. 3. In the month of March annually, there shall 
be chosen, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the 
city council, twenty-four assistant assessors, two from each 
ward, who shall serve during the year, and until others are 
chosen and qualified in their stead ; and they shall receive 
such compensation, in full for all their services, as the city 
council may determine. 

Sect. 4. Each of the officers mentioned in the preced- 
ing sections shall be removable at any time by the city 
council ; aiid in case of any vacancy, by death, resignation, 
removal or o^iherwise, it shall be filled in the manner befoi"e 
provided. 



TAXES. i)6 

Sect. 5. The assessors shall meet as soon as practica- ^gglsgorf'"" °^ 
ble after their election, and organize themselves into a ^''''^• 
board, by the choice of a chairman and secretary, which 
secretary shall also be the secretary of the board provided 
for in the next section. 

Sect. 6. The assessors and assistant assessors shall organization of 

. . assessors and 

meet, as soon as practicable alter their election, and organ- assistant asses- 
ize themselves into a board, by the choice of a chairman ; ibid', 
and a majority of the board shall constitute a quorum for 
the transaction of business. But nothing in this, or the 
preceding section, shall be construed to restrain the city 
council from electing one of the assessors to be chairman of 
both boards, whenever it may see fit so to do. 

Sect. 7. It shall be the duty of the said secretary of secretary to 
the two boards, thus organized, to keep the records of the both boards, 
doings of both boards in the same book, in the order in 
which the meetings occur, always designating the board 
whose doings are recorded. 

Sect. 8. A joint committee on the assessors' depart- committee on 
ment, consisting of two of the board of mayor and alder- department, 
men, and three of the common council, shall be annually 
appointed, whose duty it shall be to confer with the asses^^ 
sors, and make such provision for their assistance, as the ex-^ 
igency of that department may from time to time require. 

Sect. 9. It shall be the duty of one or more of the said Duties of assja- 

.,, ..... .,, tant assessors. 

assistant assessors to visit, m company with one or more of i^id. 
the assessors, the different estates in their respective wards, 
and to assist the assessors in taking a list of the polls, in 
estimating the value of their personal propertiy, and in ap^ 
praising the value of the real estate. 

Sect. 10. During the season when the assessors are chairman of 
called upon to perform street duty, it shall be the duty of other assessor, 

J.1 1 • 1 Li 1 1 . t" remain at 

the Chairman, or such other assessor as he may designate, assessors' room, 
to remain at the assessors' room, during office hours, to 
attend to such business as may be required to be transacted 
there. 

Sect. 11. Abatements of taxes, which shall be at any Abatements to 
time allowed, shall be recorded by the assessors, and the i^id. 
record thereof shall contain the names of all persons whose 



TAXES. 



Assessors to 
deliver tax bills 
to the treasurer 
on or before 
Oct. 1. 
Ibid. 



How taxes shall 
be collected. 
Ibid. 



Assessors may 
transfer taxes 
on real estate 
to the owner. 
Ibid. 



Real estate to be 
assessed to the 
owner. 
Ibid. 



Proviso. 



Further proviso. 



taxes shall be abated in whole or in part, with the amount 
originally assessed, and the amount of abatements ; and the 
reasons for abatement shall be stated on the said record, 
against the name of each person whose tax shall be abated ; 
and this record shall be laid before the city council, annu- 
ally, on or before the fourth day of March. And that this 
record may be perfect, the city clerk is instructed to inform 
the assessors of all abatements made by the mayor and al- 
dermen, at the time they are made, in all which last men- 
tioned cases the reasons of abatement may be omitted. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the assessors to make 
out and deliver, to the treasurer and collector, tax bills for 
all taxes assessed on all persons and estates, on or before 
the first day of October, in each year. 

Sect. 13. The city treasurer and collector shall imme- 
diately issue the tax bills, and if the same are not paid 
within thirty days thereafter, he shall issue a summons to 
each delinquent person assessed ; and if such person shall 
not pay his taxes within ten days after the receipt of such 
summons, or after the service thereof upon him in the usual 
form, the said treasurer shall issue his warrant for the col- 
lection of said taxes according to law. 

Sect. 14. The said assessors may, at their discretion, 
transfer the amount of taxes, assessed on real estate not 
owned at the time of assessment by the persons charged 
with such taxes, to the persons by whom the said real es- 
tates were owned at the time. 

Sect. 15. The said assessors shall assess, upon the 
owners of real estate, lying within the city, the amount of 
taxes for which such real estate may be taxable : provided, 
that, in any case where the assessors may deem it to be 
more for the public interest to assess the tenant or occu- 
pant, instead of the owner, they may so assess such tenant 
or occupant : and provided, also, that nothing herein shall 
affect the rights which owners and tenants may have, re- 
spectively, by reason of any agreement made between them- 
selves concerning such taxes. [Oct. 24, 1850.] 



55 
TRUANTS. 

STATUTE. 

1. Each of the several cities and towns, in this com- cities and towns 

. . , empowered to 

monwealth, is authorized and empowered to make all make provisions, 

. . T • 1 1 • 1 ^'^'' concerning 

needful provisions and arrangements concermnff habitual truants. 

1 1 -n T 11-1 1850, 294, $1. 

truants, and children not attending school, without any 
regular and lawful occupation, growing up in ignorance, 
between the ages of six and fifteen years ; and, also, all 
such ordinances and by-laws, respecting such children, as 
shall be deemed most conducive to their welfare, and the 
good order of such city or town ; and there shall be an- 
nexed to such ordinances, suitable penalties, not exceeding, 
for any one breach, a fine of twenty dollars : provided, that 
said ordinances and by-laws shall be approved by the court 
of common pleas for the county, and shall not be repugnant 
to laws of the commonwealth. 

2. The several cities and towns, availing themselves of They may ap- 

. , . . f 1 • in • L 1 1 point three or 

the provisions oi this act, shall appoint, at the annual meet- more persons to 

(..-,, n 1, J.1 111 "'^'^^ complaint 

mgs 01 said towns, or annually by the mayor and alder- to judicial offi- 
men of said cities, three or more persons, who alone shall iwd, <S2. 
be authorized to make the complaints, in every case of vio- 
lation of said ordinances or by-laws, to the justice of the 
peace, or other judicial officer, who, by said ordinances, 
shall have jurisdiction in the matter, which persons, thus 
appointed, shall alone have authority to carry into execution 
the judgments of said justices of the peace, or other judicial 
officer. 

3. The said justices of the peace, or other judicial Tmants may be 

m 1 11 • 11 1 • T . . placed in an 

officers, shall, m all cases, at their discretion, m place of institution of 

,1 n i? -11 ii-i 1 i-iT instruction, or 

tne nne aioresaid, be authorized to order children, proved house of refor- 
before them to be growing up in truancy, and without the iwd, $"y. 
benefit of the education provided for them by law, to be 
placed, for such periods of time as they may judge expedi- 
ent, in such institution of instruction, or house of reforma- 
tion, or other suitable situation, as may be assigned or pro- 



56 



WARDS. 



vided for the purpose, under the authority conveyed by the 
first section, in each city or town availing itself of the 
powers herein granted. 



Act of 1850, 
c. 294, respecting 
truant children, 
&c., adopted, 
Oct. 21,1850. 



Punishment for 
truancy, &c. 
Ibid. 



Senior justice of 
police court to 
have jurisdic- 
tion. 



House of refor- 
mation, &c., to 
be the institu- 
tion, &c., men- 
tioned in said 
act. 
Ibid. 



ORDINANCE OF THE CITY.^ 

Sect. 1. The city of Boston hereby adopts the two 
hundred and ninety-fourth chapter of the laws of the com- 
monwealth for the year one thousand eight hundred and 
fifty, entitled, " an act concerning truant children and 
absentees from school," and avails itself of the provisions 
of the same. 

Sect. 2. Any of the persons described in the first sec- 
tion of said act, upon conviction of any ofience therein 
described, shall be punished by fine not exceeding twenty 
dollars ; and the senior justice by appointment, of the 
police court, shall have jurisdiction of the ofiences set forth 
in said act. 

Sect. 3. The house for the employment and reforma- 
tion of juvenile offenders is hereby assigned and provided 
as the institution of instruction, house of reformation, or 
suitable situation, mentioned in the third section of said act. 



WARDS. 



ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 

Sect. 1. The present division of the wards of the city 
New division of Jg hercbv altered,^ and a new division thereof is hereby 

the wards. ./ ' ^ 

June 24, 1850. made, and the same shall hereafter be known and consti- 
tuted as follows, viz : — 



1 An ordinance concerning truant children and absentees from school, 
passed October 21, 1850. This ordinance was presented to the court of 
common pleas for the county of Suffolk, at the October term, 1850, and 
was approved by the court. 

2 See p. 17, § III, ante, as to the power of the city council to alter the 
divisions of wards. 



WARDS. 57 

Ward No. 1. Beffinnhiff at the water, on the southerly Boundaries of 

. , „ TT, o o ' .the wards. 

' Side of the Eastern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial ward No. i. 
street to Richmond street ; thence bj the centre of Rich- 
mond street, across Hanover street, to Salem street ; 
thence by the centre of Salem street to Cooper street ; 
thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charlestown 
street, to Beverly street ; thence by the centre of Beverly 
street to Causeway street ; thence across Causeway street, 
and in the same direction with Beverly street, to the water ; 
thence by the water to the point begun at. 

Ward No. 2. AH that part of the city called East ward No. 2. 
Boston, and all the islands in the harbor. 

Ward No. 3. Beginning at the water, on the north side ward No. 3. 
of the Fitchburg Railroad Depot, on a line which would 
strike the central line of Beverly street if extended to the 
water ; thence by such line and the centre of Beverly 
street to Charlestown street ; thence across Charlestown 
street, and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; 
thence by the centre of Salem street to Richmond street 
thence by the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street 
thence by the centre of Hanover street to Court street 
thence by the centre of Court street to Green street : 
thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett street 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street : 
thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street 
thence by the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the 
same direction with Lowell street, to the water ; thence by 
the water to the point begun at. 

Ward No. 4. Beginning at the water, on the southerly waid No 4. 
side of the Eastern Packet Pier ; thence across Commer- 
cial street to Richmond street ; thence by the centre of 
Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by the centre 
of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by the centre of 
Court street to Green street; thence by the centre of 
Green street to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of 
Stamford street to Cambridge street ; thence by the centre 
of Cambridge street to Temple street ; thence by the centre 
of Temple street, and Mouiit Vernon street, to Park street ; 



58 



WARDS. 



Ward No. 5. 



Ward No. 6. 



Ward No. 7. 



thence hj the centre of Park street to Tremont street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to Winter street ; 
thence by the centre of Winter street to Washington street ; 
thence by the centre of Washington street to Milk street ; 
thence by the centre of Milk street to India street ; thence 
crossing India street by a straight line, to the -water on the 
south side of Central wharf ; thence by the water to the 
point begun at. 

Ward No. 5. Beginning at the water at the easterly 
end of Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cam- 
bridge street to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of 
Stamford street to Green street ; thence by the centre of 
Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett streets ; 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 
thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; 
thence by the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the 
same direction with Lowell street, to the water ; thence by 
the water to the point begun at. 

Ward No. 6. Beginning at the water, at the easterly 
end of Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cam- 
bridge street to Temple street ; thence by the centre of 
Temple street, and Mount Vernon street, to Beacon street ; 
thence by the centre of Beacon street, and the Western 
avenue, to the boundary line between Boston and Hox- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence northerly by said 
boundary line, to the water ; thence by the water to the 
point begun at. 

Ward No. 7. Beginning at the water, on the south side 
of Central wharf ; thence across India street, by a straight 
line, to Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington 
street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of Winter 
street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to West street ; thence by the centre of West street, 
and Bedford street, to Kingston street ; thence by the 
centre of Kingston street to Essex street ; thence by the 
centre of Essex street to South street ; thence by the 
centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by the 



WARDS. 59 

centre of Summer street, and by a straight line in con- 
tinuation thereof, to the water, on the northerly side of 
Summer street wharf ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

Ward No. 8. Beginning at the water on the northerly ward no.& 
side of Summer street wharf ; thence by a straight line in 
continuation of the centre of Summer street, and by the 
centre of Summer street to South street ; thence by the 
centre of South street to Essex street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Essex street to Kingston street; thence by the 
centre of Kingston street to Bedford street ; thence by the 
centre of Bedford street and West street to Tremont street; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to Eliot street ; 
thence by the centre of Eliot street to Washington street ; 
thence across Washington street to Kneeland street ; thence 
by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thence 
crossing Sea street by a straight line, to the water on the 
southerly side of Howe's wharf ; thence by the water to 
the point first begun at. 

Ward No. 9. Beginning at the boundary hne between ward No. 9. 
Boston and Roxbury, on the Western avenue ; thence by 
•the centre of the Western avenue and Beacon street to 
Park street ; thence by the centre of Park street to Tre- 
mont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
Warren street ; thence by the centre' of Warren street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington 
street to West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West 
Castle street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to the Railroad bridge ; thence by the cen- 
tre of the Boston and Worcester railroad to the boundary 
line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said bound- 
ary line to the point begun at. 

Ward No. 10. Beginning at the water on the southerly Ward No. lo. 
side of Howe's wharf; thence by a straight Hne across Sea 
street to Kneeland street ; thence by the centre of Knee- 
land street to Washington street ; thence across Washing- 
ton street to EHot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot 
street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 



60 



WATER, 



street to Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren 
street to Washington street ; thence by the centre of 
Washington street to Dover street ; thence by the centre 
of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of 
the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 
Ward No. 11. Ward No. 11. Beginning at the boundary line between 
Boston and Roxbury, on the Boston and Worcester rail- 
road ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester 
Railroad to the Railroad bridge ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to West Castle street ; thence by the centre 
of West Castle street to Washington street ; thence by the 
centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence- by the 
centre of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly 
end of the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water to 
the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence 
by said boundary line to the point begun at. 
Ward No. 12. Ward No. 12. All that part of the city called South 
Boston, and the Boston South Bridge and Boston Free 
Bridge. 
When this ordi- Sect. 2. This Ordinance shall take effect on and after 
effect! ^ ^ the second Monday of December, in the year one thousand 
^^'^- eight hundred and fifty. [June 24, 1850.] 



WATER. 

ORDINANCE OF THE CITY. 



Cochituate water 
board how 
chosen, &c. 
Oct 31, 1850. 



Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually, in the month 
of March or April, by concurrent vote of the two branches 
of the city council, one alderman, one member of the com- 
mon council, and five citizens at large, to constitute the 
Cochituate water board, who shall hold their offices until 
they are removed or others are chosen in their places ; and 



WATER. 61 

they and each of them shall be removable at the pleasure 
of the city council, and no person shall be chosen as afore- 
said for more than five consecutive years. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet, and organ- Their organiza- 
ize themselves into a board, by the choice of a president ibid, 
from their own number, and of a clerk, and they may make 
such rules and regulations for their own government, and 
in relation to all subordinate officers by them appointed, as 
they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The Cochituate water board shall have and Jowerf.^"*"^^^ 
exercise all the powers, vested in the city council by an act ^i''''- 
of the legislature of Massachusetts, passed on the thirtieth 
day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, 
entitled an Act for supplying the city of Boston with pure 
water, and by any acts in addition thereto, so far as the 
same can be legally delegated ; and they shall, more espe- To appoint snb- 

. „ , i=> J >=> . , ., "^ IT. ordinate officers,. 

cially, have the power to appomt all necessary subordmate &c. 
officers, agents and assistants, and may fix their compensa- 
tion, and of the clerk before mentioned, provided that the 
same shall not exceed in the whole the sum appropriated 
therefor by the city council ; but all the powers mentioned 
in this section shall be subject to any limitations and re- 
strictions, contained in the ordinances, regulations and or- 
ders of the city council. 

Sect. 4. The Cochituate water board, on or before the to make annual 
fifteenth day of January, annually, shall present to the city ib?d."^' 
council a report, containing a statement of the condition of 
all the water works, and of the lands and other property 
connected therewith, with an account of all receipts and 
expenditures, together with any information or suggestions 
which they may deem important ; and they shall at the Reports of city 
same time transmit to the city council the report of the city water registrar, 
engineer, and the water registrar, mentioned in the thir- 
teenth and sixteenth sections. 

Sect. 6. The Cochituate water board, whenever re- schedule of 
quested by the city council, shall prepare and send to the ibid? 
city council a schedule of water rates. 



62 



WATER. 



Cochituate 
Water board may 
sell or lease 
property, <Stc. 
Ibid. 



Bills for expen- 
ditures, how- 
drawn, exam- 
ined, &c. 
Ibid. 



Duties of presi- 
dent of the board, 
Ibid. 



City engineer, 
how chosen, &c. 
Ibid. 



To 'have charge 
of lake, aque- 
ducts, lands, re- 
servoirs, &c. 
Ibid. 



To have charge 

of plans of 

streets. 

Ibid. 

To make all 

surveys, &c. 



Sect. 6. The Cocliituate water board are authorized to 
sell or lease such of the property connected with the water 
works as thej may deem expedient, subject to the approval 
of the mayor and aldermen ; and all necessary deeds and 
leases shall be executed by the mayor and countersigned 
by the president of the board. 

Sect. 7. All bills for expenditures by the Cochituate 
water board shall be drawn for by the president, examined 
by the auditor, and approved by the committee of accounts, 
before they are paid by the treasurer. 

Sect. 8. The president of the Cochituate water board 
shall exercise a general supervision over all the water works, 
and the materials and property connected therewith and 
over all subordinate officers and agents. In case of his ab- 
sence, or inability, his duties may be performed by a pre- 
sident pro tempore, to be chosen by the said board. 

Sect. 9. There shall be chosen annually, in the month 
of September or October, and whenever a vacancy occurs, 
by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city council, 
a city engineer, who shall be a citizen of Boston, and who 
shall hold his office until a successor is appointed, or he is 
removed. He shall be removable at the pleasure of the 
city council, and shall receive such compensation as the 
said council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 10. The city engineer shall take such charge of 
Lake Cochituate, the aqueducts, lands, reservoirs, and 
other works and property connected with the water works, 
as the Cochituate water board may from time to time di- 
rect ; and he shall perform all such services in relation 
thereto as may be required of him by the Cochituate water 
board, or the city council. 

Sect. 11. The said city engineer under the direction 
and control of the mayor and aldermen, shall have charge 
of all the plans of streets belonging to the city. He shall, 
by himself or his assistant, for whom he shall be responsible, 
make all such surveys, admeasurements, and levels, and 
perform such other services, as may be required of him by 



WATER. 63 

the mayor and aldermen, or any committee of the city 
council. 

Sect. 12. The said city engineer may appoint an assis- May appoint an. 
tant, subject to the approval of the mayor and aldermen, im. 
who shall receive such compensation as the city councU may 
determine. 

Sect. 13. The city engineer, on or before the fifth day to make an an- 

1 11 1 r^ -I ' ""'*' report. 

of January, annually, shall present to the Cochituate water ibid, 
board a report of the general condition of the water works, 
with a detailed statement of all expenditures in his depart- 
ment relating to the same, and such other matters as he or 
the said board may deem expedient. 

Sect. 14. There shall be chosen annually, in the month v^^ater registrar. 

^ . , ,, how chosen, &Ci 

of September or October, and whenever a vacancy occurs, ihid. 
by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city council, 
a water registrar, who shall be a citizen of Boston, and who 
shall hold his office until a successor is appointed, or he is 
removed. He shall- be removable at the pleasure of the 
city council, and shall receive such compensation as the said 
council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 15. The water registrar, under the direction and To assess water 

rales. 

control of the Cochituate water board, shall assess the wa- iwd." 

ter rates, according to the tariff established by the city 

council. He shall, once in each year, personally visit the To visit premises 

premises of every person who takes the water, and shall cm biiis,'&c. 

make out and distribute all bills for the same, and he shall 

exercise a constant supervision over the use of the water, 

and attend to the enforcement of all regulations relative 

thereto. 

Sect. 16. The water registrar, on or before the fifth to maice annual 
day of January, annually, shall present to the Cochituate ibid. ' 
water board a report, containing a statement of the num- 
ber of water takers, the number of cases where the water 
has been cut off, the number and amount of abatements, 
the expenditures in his department, and such other matters 
as he or the said board may deem expedient. 

Sect. 17. The annual rent for the use of the water water rent pay- 
shall be payable to the city treasurer in advance, on the January i. * 

Ibid. 



64 WATER. 

first daj of January in each year. All charges for spe- 
cific supplies, or for fractional parts of the year, shall be 
payable in advance, and before the water is let on. 
Supply to be cut Sect. 18. In all cases of non-payment of the water 
non-payraen't. rout for sixty days after the same is due, the water regis- 
■'''"*■ trar shall cut oS the supply ; and the water shall not again 

be let on, either for the present or any subsequent occu- 
pant, except upon the payment of the amount due, together 
with the sum of two dollars ; provided, that, in cases of 
specific supplies, or for fractional parts of the year, where 
the water has been let on, it may be cut off immediately, 
after notice given at the place that the rent is not paid, 
and may be let on again upon the condition before men- 
tioned. And the foregoing provisions shall apply, when 
two or more parties take the water through the same ser- 
vice pipes, although one or more may have paid the propor- 
tion due from him or them. 
Abatements may Sect. 19. The watcr registrar, uudor the control of the 
be_made. Cochituate watcr board, may make abatements in the water 

rents, in all proper cases. 
Water registrar Sect. 20. The Water registra.r shall keep Suitable books, 
to^keep books, .^ yf}^[Q];i gliall be entered the names of all persons who take 
■^'"'^" the water, the kind of building, the name and number of 

the street, the nature of the use, the number of taps, and 
the amount charged, which shall be always open to the in- 
spection of the Cochituate water board and any committee 
of the city council. He shall perform such other services 
as may be required of him by the city council, or the Co- 
chituate water board. 
No member of Sect. 21, No member of the Cochituate water board, 
officerrto'b°e'^ and uo persou appointed to any office, or employed, by 
iny Mntrac't, virtue of this Ordinance, or of the acts of the legislature 
t^''the"water°" mentioned in the third section, shall be interested, directly 
ibidf^' or indirectly, in any contract, bargain, sale, or agreement, 

in relation to the water works, or any matter or thing con- 
nected therewith, wherein the city is interested, without an 
exnress vote of the city council ; and any and all contracts. 



WATEll. 65 

bargains, sales or agreements, made in violation of this 
section, shall be utterly void as to the citj. 

Sect. 22. If any iDerson shall open any hydrant within Penalty for 

1. f>-r> T n •/»' opening hy- 

the City of Boston, or lift or remove the cover of the same, <irant, &c. 

. . Ibid. 

■without the license of the Cochituate water board, or of the 

city engineer or the water registrar, except in case of fire, 

he shall be liable to a penalty of not less than three nor * 

more than twenty dollars. 

Sect. 23. If any person shall make any openino; or For opening 

. . . , , . any pipe, or 

connection with any pipe or reservoir, without the license reservoir, &c. 
mentioned in the preceding section, he shaU be liable to a 
penalty of not less than three nor more than twenty dollars. 

Sect. 24. If any person shall turn on or turn off the For turning on 

. „ , . or turning off 

water m any oi the water pipes or reservoirs, without the tiie water, &c. 
license mentioned in the twenty-second section, he shall be 
liable to a penalty of not less than three nor more than 
twenty dollars. 

Sect. 25. Any person who shall injure any pubhc res- For injuring any 

otiicr r6servoir 

ervoir, not connected with the Cochituate water works, or &c. 
who shall break and enter the same, and draw off, oi- cause 
to be removed, any of the water therefrom, except in case 
of fire, or unless duly authorized by the mayor and alder- 
men, or chief engineer of the fire department, shall forfeit 
and pay a sum not less than one dollar nor more than 
twenty dollars. 

Sect. 26. The water shall not be sold or delivered to water not to be 
any parties out of the limits of the city, unless by special out of the city, 
vote of the city council, except in cases where contracts ibid.^ ' 
have already been entered into and arrangements made for 
that pu.rpose. 

Sect. 27. The following regulations shall be considered Regulations 
a part of the contract with every person who takes the water shaii be 
water ; and every such person, by taking the water, shall ibidT* 
be considered to express his assent to be bound thereby. 
They shall be printed upon every bill for water rent, and 
whenever any one of them is violated, the water shall be 
cut off from the building or place of such violation, although 
two or more parties may receive the water through the 



6Q WATER. 

same pipe, and shall not be let on again, except by the 
order of the Cochituate water board, and on the payment of 
two dollars ; and in case of any such violation, the said 
board shall 'have the right to declare any payment made 
for the water, by the person committing such violation, to 
be forfeited, and the same shall thereupon be forfeited. 
The said regulations are as follows, namely : — 
Takers to keep 1- All pcrsous taking the wator siiall keep the service 
good rtp^ah^^ '" pipcs withiu their premises, including any area beneath the 
sidewalk, in good repair, and protected from frost, at their 
own expense ; and they will be held liable for all damage 
which may result from their failure to do so. 
To prevent 2. They shall prcvcut ail unnccessary waste of water, 

no con'ceaiment. and there shall be no concealment of the purposes for which 

it is used. 
No alteration to 3. No alteration shall be made in any of the pipes or 
clp^ &c.' ^^' fixtures inserted by the city, except by its agents, who are 
to be allowed to enter the premises supplied, to examine 
the apparatus, and to ascertain whether there is any unne- 
cessary waste. 
Water not to be 4. No wator is allowed to be supplied to parties not 
partesfJiiiessf*^ entitled to the use of it under the city ordinances, unless 
^'^- by special permission. 

5. The use of the hand hose is restricted to one hour 

before eight of the clock in the forenoon, and one hour 

after sunset. 

Water registrar ^' ^^® watcr registrar may enter the premises of any 

ises^ to examine!' watcr taker, to cxamino the quantity used, and the manner 

of use. 
When this ordi- Sect. 28. TMs Ordinance shall take effect on and after 
effect! ^ ^ *'^^^ the first day of January in the year eighteen hundred and 
fifty-one ; provided, however, that the officers provided 
therein to be chosen by the city council, may be chosen 
during the present municipal year. [Oct. 31, 1850.] 



Use of hand 
hose restricted. 



Ibid. 



t)7 



AN ORDINANCE IN RELATION TO CITY OFFICERS. 

Sect. 1. No member of the city council, no member of ^o"*^'"^" «/ 

•J ' city council, to 

any board, and no individual chosen by the city council, ''^ '"'"^^'*^V" 

■^ " .7 J 5 contracts, sales, 

shall be interested in a private capacity, directly or indi- ^•^•> *° *^'*y- 
rectly, in any contract or agreement for labor or for any '' 
materials, goods, wares or merchandize furnished to the 
city, wherein the city is a party interested, unless the same 
be expressly authorized to be made and entered into with 
such member, by some ordinance or order of the City 
Council. 

Sect. 2. All contracts, agreements, purchases and aii such sales 
sales, made contrary to the preceding section, shall be void, 
utterly void, at the pleasure' of the city council, and no bill 
against the city arising out of or connected with any such 
contract, agreement, purchase or sale, shall be approved by 
any committee, passed by the auditor, or paid by the 
treasurer, unless approved and allowed by express vote of 
the city council. [Dec. 23, 1850.] 



Note. Since the publication of this Register, the seats of Andrew Abbott 
and Thomas Sprague returned as members of the Common Council from Ward 
Three, for 1851, have been declared vacant, on the ground that the adjourned 
meeting, at which those gentlemen were elected, was illegal, on account of infor- 
malities at the annual meeting of that ward. 



!£1 ._ i 



:„ j.|- 




4; U JaifesV. Sever 

fflW Beijamin^e-al 
jQMB.'DtaterltLU 

y jEQniKBrrhaiifejp^Saniiel^D.CraTiB 



JoMSm-iglit 4b1 I ! m 



V 



? 



PraiLcis Briiiley 

President. 



I Jl<! porters I \ 



Jiepcrter 



\ 



< V 



^/:,.. 



^ ~W.rhciyer & C'?11,i±7i.. 



G- V E E N M E N T ' 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON, 

1851. 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, 11 Temple Street. 

[Salary $2,500. Charter, $ 6.] 



ALDERMEN, 

HENRY BROMFIELD ROGEES, - 5 Joy Place. 
BILLINGS BRIGGS, - = » » - 9 Myrtle Court. 

MOSES GRANT, - - 7 Cambridge st. 

HENRY MANNING HOLBROOK, - 19 Beacon st. 

ABEL B. MUNROE, 4 Tileston st. 

CALVIN WHITING CLARK, - - 1 Kingston st. 

MOSES KIMBALL, 15 South Bennetst. 

BENJAMIN SMITH 32 Dock Square. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President, 

Ward No. 1. 

John Gushing, 70 Charter street, 

James G. Hovey, 29 Sheafe street, 

Joel M. Holden, 242 Hanover street, 

Charles H. Stearns, - - , - 13 Charter street, 

Ward No. 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, - , r ^ - 17 London street, 
James B.Allen, ..-,.. 113 Webster street, 
William H. Calrow, - - - - 127 Webster street, 
Richard Shackford, - - - - 15 Lexington st. 






TO 



Ward No. 3, 

Solomon Carter, IG Friend street, 

Hiram Bosworth, 08 Lowell street, 

Thomas Sprague, 27 Pitts street, 

Andrew Abbott, ----- 56 Portland street, " ^ 

Ward No. 4. 

Asa Swallow, 7 Stauiford street, 

Henry J. Gardner, - - - - 13 Mount Vernon street,, 

James Lawrence, ----- 7 Park street, 

Harvey Jewell, 20 Court street. 

Ward No. 5. 

Benjamin Beal, 51 Allen street, 

Avery Plumer, Jr., 27 Allen street, 

Abraham G. Wyman, - - - - 8 Lynde street, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 32 Poplar street. 

Ward No. 6. 

Henry Lincoln, 41 Hancock street, 

John P. Putnam, 37 West Cedar street, 

Charles Brown, 128 Charles street, 

Ebenezer Dale, - - - - - - 51 Chestnut street. 

Ward No. 7. 

Francis Brinley, - - , . - 51 Summer street, 

James W. Sever, ----- 65 Summer street, 

David Chapin, 5 Hartford place, 

John B. Dexter, Jr., - . - - - 19 Gridley street. 

Ward No. 8. 

John M. Wright, - - - - - Winthrop House, 

Daniel N. Haskell, Adams House, 

Oliver B. Dorrance, - - - - Winthrop House, 

Francis C. Manning, - - - - 19 Eowe street. 

Ward No. 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, - - - - 81 Boy Iston street, 

Edward S. Erving, 79 Pleasant street, 

Francis Eichards, 32 Pleasant street, 

Peter C. Jones, 56 Warren street. 

Ward No. 10. 

Ezra Lipcoln, 502 Washington street, 

Aaron H. Bean, 7 Common street, 

Otis Kimball, 38 Common street, 

Edward Reedj 1 Oak place. 



Tl 



WardM.U. 

]>ratl!ey N. Cumings, - - - - 1 6 Dover street, 

Albert T. Minot, 50 Dover street, 

Andrew J. Loud, ----- Suffolk near Newton st. 

Theodore P. Hale, ----- 7 Ashland avenue. 

WardM. 12. 

Josiah Dunham, Jr., 55 B street, ] 

Joseph Smith, - - 77 Broadway, I -I 

Samuel D.Crane, - Broadway cor. Dorchester st. | l| 

Zibeon Southard, - 306 Broadway, J 

City Clerk. 
SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, 10 Ashland street. 
Salary SI 500, and for Assistant Clerks, $1500. [Chosen by 
the City Council, on the first Monday in January. Charter, 
§ 17.] 

Clerk of Common Council. 

W. P. GREGG, 18 Leverett street. 

Salary S900. [Chosen on the first Monday in January. 

Charter, § 18.] 

Messenger. 

JOHNSON COLBY, 2o Prospect street. 

Salary $900. 



72 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 
On the Reduction of the City Debt. 

[Ord. p. 121.] 

The Mayor, President of the Common Council, Chairman of 
the Committee on Finance on the part of the Common 



Council. 



Aldermen. 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Kimball. 



Accounts. 

[Ord. p. 119.] 

Common Council. 
Albert T. Minot. 
Avery Plumer, Jr., 
Daniel N. Haskell. 



Assessors^ Department. 



Aldermen. 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
Moses Kimball. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 



Aldermen. 
Billings Briggs, 
Benjamin Smith. 



Aldermen. 
Calvin W. Clark, 
Benjamin Smith, 



[Ord. p. 400.] 

Common Council. 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Francis C. Manning, 
Otis Kimball. 

Finance^ 

[Ord. p. 121.] 

Common Council, 
James W. Sever, 
Ebenezer Dale, 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
Benjamin Beal, 
Oliver B. Dorrance. 

Fihel. 

[Ord. p. 142.] 

Common Council, 
John Cushing, 
Zibeon Southard, 
Thomas Sprague. 

Harbor.- 

[Ord. p. 174.] 

Common Council. 
Avery Plumer, Jr., 
Henry Lincoln, 
John B. Pexter, Jr. 



73 



Institutions at South Boston and Deer Island. 
[Mud. Reg. p. A.] 

Common Gouncil. 



The Mayor, ex- officio 
Aldermen. 
Moses Grant, 
Abel B. Munroe, 



[Ord. p, a:a. 
Aldermen. 
Henry B. Rogers, 
Moses Grant, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 



John M. Wright, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Francis Richards, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
Solomon Carter. 

Ordinances. 

Mun. Reg. p. 44.] 

Common Council. 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Albert T. Minot, 
James W. Sever, 
Richard Shackford, 
Charle% H. Steai'ns. 

Public Buildings. 

[Ord. p. 306. Mun. Reg. p. 45.] 



Aldermen. 
Billings Briggs, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
Calvin W. Clark, 



Common Council. 
Asa Swallow, 
John Cushing, 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Hiram Bosworth. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Henry B. Rogers, 
Moses Grant, 



Public Instruction. 

[Mun. Reg. p. 3.] 

Common Council. 
President of C. C. ex officio. 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Ebenezer Dale, 
Peter C. Jones, 
Edward Reed. 

Public Lands. 

[Ord. p, 311, Mun. Reg. p. 48.] 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Billings Briggs, 
Abel B. Munroe, 



Aldermen. 
Moses Grant, 

10 



Common Council. 
Albert T. Minot, 
Benjamin Beal, 
Charles Brown, 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
David Chapin. 

Printing. 

[Ord. p. 304.] 

Common Council. 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 



74 



Public Library. 

[JMun. Reg. p. 4.] 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Henry B. Bogers, 
Moses Grants 



Common Council. 
James W. Sever, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
James Lawrence, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
"William H. Calrow. 



treasury Department. 



Aldermen. 
Henry B. Rogers, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 



[Mun. Reg. p. 4. ] 

Common Council. 
Edward S. Erving, 
James G. Hovey, 
Andrew Abbott. 



The Mayor, ex officio 

Aldermen. 
Moses Grant, 
Moses Kimball, 



* Water. 

[Ord. p. 424. Mun. Reg. p. 60.] 

Common Council. 
Joseph Smith, 
John P. Putnam, 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Cy^us "Washburn. 



(') 



STANDING COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

BOARD OF MAYOR AND ALDERMEN. 



Police, 
The Mayor. 

Bridges. 
Aldermen Kimball, Smith, and Clark. 

Gemeteries. 
Aldermen Grant, Holbrook, and Smith. 

Common and Puhlic Squares. 
The Mai/or, Aldermen Holbrook and Smith. 

County Accounts. ' 

Aldermen Briggs, Clark, and Kimball. 

Drains and Sewers. 
Aldermen Briggs, Smith, and Munroe. 

Fire Department. 
The Mayor, Aldermen Grant and Holbrook. 

JExteriial Health Department. 
Aldermen Kimball, Clark, and Smith. 

Internal Health Department. 
Aldertnen Rogers, Grant, and Holbrook. 

lamps. Hells and Clocks. 
The Mayor, Aldermen Briggs. and Munroe. 

Laying out and Widening Streets. 
Aldermcji Rogers, flolbrook, and Clark. 

Licenses. 
Aldermen Grant, Holbrook, and Munroe. 

Market. 
Aldermen Grant, Holbrook, and Kimball. 



76 



New Jail. 
Aldermen Briggs, Clark, and Holbrook. 

Paving and Repairs of Streets. 
Aldermen Briggs, Clark, and Munroe. 

Steam Engines and Furnaces. 
Aldermen Kimball, Munroe, and Smith. 



STANDING COMMITTEE 



COMMON COUNCIL 



A. G. Wyman, 
John P. Putnam, 
Harvey Jewell, 



On Elections. 

Joel M. Holden, 
James B. Alien. 



77 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

James C. Dunn, City and Coimly Tredsurer and Collector. 
Salary $2,200 ; and $53,800 for assistant clerks. Chosen 
by tbe City Council in Convention, in May. City Char- 
ter, § 26.] 

"Willard Clough, "^ Deputy Collectors. [Appointed by 

James Pierce, )- Treasurer, Statutes 1821. 110 § 1. 13 
Thomas Seward, ) City Ordinances, p. 396,] 
Elisha Copeland, City Auditor — Salary and Clerk hire 

S2,200, [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council 

in May, City Ordinances, p. 119.] 

assessors' department. 
Principal Assessors. 

George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, George Jackson, Henry 
Sargent. Salary S 1,300 each ; and S2,100 for Assistant 
Clerks ; William H. Lane, Benjamin Dodd, Clement Willis, 
with a per diem allowance of $4 for each day's service. 
[Charter § 24.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1850, residing in different Wards. 



Ward. 
1 — Alexander Wood, 

John Spence, jr. 
2— Timothy C. Kendall, 

Noah Harrod. 
3 — John Bacon, 

Osmyn Brewster, 
4 — William Denton, 

Ebenezer Atkins. 
5 — Charles Leighton, 

John Cowdin. 
6 — Charles Frederick Adams, 

John G. Davis. 



Ward. 

7— Abel G. Peck. 
Henry Nichols. 
8 — Joseph H. Thayer, 
Nathaniel Mitchell. 
9 — Samuel H. Babcock, 

Thomas Austin. 
10— F. C. Whiston, 

John Tirrell. 
11 — George Palmer, 

Greenleaf C, Sanborn. 
12 — Timothy Bedlington, 
Jacob Herrick. 



Samuel Norwood, Secretary. 

[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by con- 
current vote of the City Council, in March. Statutes 1821. 
110, § 15. City Ordinances, p. 399. Mun. Reg., p. 52,] 
The Assistant Assessors receive "$0 for each day's service. 



CITY SOLICITOR. 

Peleg W. Chandler, City Solicitor, Office No. 4 Court street. 
Salary S2500, and Office expenses. [Chosen by concurrent 
vote in June. City Ord. p. 390.] 



78 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 

*rhe duties of Judge of the Mmiicipal Court of the City of 
Boston, are performed by the Justices of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, or some one of them. [Act 1843, ch. 7.] 

Samuel D. Parker, Attorney. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 



SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

Joseph Eveleth, Sheriffs 

Jabez Pratt, ] 

Watson Freeman, j 

Silas P. Tarbell, It-, ,- „ 

-r^ . , X /-I 1 r Deputies. 

Daniel J. Loburn, j ^ 

Benjamin F. Bayley, 

Erastus Rugg, Chelsea, J 

Jabez Pratt, William Andrews, Charles Smith, Coroners. 



POLICE COURT. 

John Gray Rogei'S, ") Justices of the Police Court and of the 
James C. Merrill, >■ Justices' Court. Salary $1500 each. 
Abel Cushing, ) [Rev. St. ch. 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary Sl,500. [Ord. p. 90, 93, 97.] 
William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1,100. [Rev. St. 
ch. 87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary 



Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police' 
Court, constitute the Boatd of Accounts for the County. 
[Revised Statutes, p. 164. Ord. p. 96.] They are allow- 
ed $3 for each day's actual service in auditing the County 
Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary SI 50. 



POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

Francis Tukey, City Marshal. Salary $1,800. [Appoint cd 
by the Mayor and Aldermen in May or June- City Ord. 
p. 272. Mun. Reg. p. 41,] 



79 



Hezekiah Karl, Deputy Marshal. Salary $800. [Nominated 
by the Marshal and approved by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
City Ord. p. 272.] 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 

Charles P. Philbrick, Superintendent of Coaches, Cabs, 8;c. 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, &)C. 

List of. Police Officers. 

DAY POLICE. 



Samuel G-. Adams, 
John Bordman, 
Asa O. Butman, 
George Churchill, 
Stephen Curtis, 
John Crocker, 
Joshua Dunbar, 
William D. Eaton, 
Samuel B. Fuller, 
Jacob Hook, 
Luther A. Ham, 
Benjamin Heath, 
Frederick P. Ingalls, 
James Jewett, 
Pufus Leighton, 
Harrison Marsh, 

[City 



Asa Morrill, 
John H. Osborn, 
John C. Pattee, 
Benjamin O. Pettingill, 
Lysander Pipley, 
Atwell Richardson, 
Charles B. Starkweather, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Ebenezer Shute, 
Alfred Sleeper, 
Archibald E. Towle, 
Robert Taylor, 
William B. Tarleton, 
Willard J. Whiting, 
Silas Warren. 



Ordinance, p. 301.] 



NIGHT POLICE. 

Lemuel Chesley, Captain. 



Andrevf J. Adams, 
Oscar Bingham, 
Albert Bradshaw, 
Joshua C. Batchelder, 
Alvin S. Drew, 
Cornelius P. V. Foster, 
Henry N. Gardner, 
Nathaniel K. Hammond, 
Charles B. Harlow, 
Samuel Hinkson, 
Mark F. Hinkley, 
Arthur Huston, 
James D. Jackson, 
William W. Johnson, 
James S. Kimball, 
John P. Lynch, 



John W. Morey, 
Reuben P. Moore, 
Edward J. Newhall, 
James H. Norwood, 
George Oliver, 
George R. Pichai'd, 
John Prince, 
James O. Rogers, 
Edward H. Savage, 
John F. Snow, 
William Shaw, 
George W. Trenholm, 
John S. Walker, 
John C. Warren, 
Arnold C. Whitcomb, 
James B. AVeeks, 



80 



Francis M. Adams, 
GiistavLis Andrews, 
Josiah Baldwin, 
Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp, 
Willard Clough, 
Elisha V. Glover, 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
Richard Hosea, 
James Hunkins, 
John C. Harrington, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
E. J, Jones, 
William K. Jones, 
Isaac B. Kimball, 
William Loring, 
John T. Lawton, 
John C. Leighton, 
Joseph W. Leighton, 
Charles J. Merrill, 
William Munroe, 



CONSTABLES. 



Alonzo F. Neale, 
David Patterson, 
James Pierce, 
James W. Pierce, 
Jonathan Prescott, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
George J. Cooledge, 
George J. Dexter, 
William Easterbrook, 
Edwin Rice, 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Thomas Sewards, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
Charles Sawin, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Jonas Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
William Whit well, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 



[City Ord. p. 83.] 



The following Officers attend the Ward Meetings of the 
Citizens on Election Days. 



Ward. 

1 — William K. Jones, 

2 — Edwin Rice, 

3 — Erastus W. Sanborn, 

4 — Jonas Stratton, 

5 — William Easterbrook, 

6— Elisha V. Glover, 



Ward. 

7 — George J. Dexter, 

8 — Charles Smith, 

9_Willard Clough, 

10 — Josiah Baldwin, 

11 — David Patterson. 

12 — John T. Lawton. 



Officers appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make com- 
plaints against Truant Children and Absentees from School. 
[City Ordinance p. 402, Mun. Reg. p. 55.] 

Oliver H. Spurr, 1 Rufus Leighton. 

Prederick P. Ingalls, | 



81 

WATCH DEPARTMENT. 

James Barry, Captain of the City Watch. Office, City Build- 
ing, Court square. Salary S5p0. [Appointed by the May- 
or and Aldermen. City Ordinances, p. 408.] 

The Watch Department consists of seven divisions, viz : the 
East, West, North, South — above Orange street, and Boyls- 
ton, from Summer street to Orange street, and South Boston 
and East Boston. 

There are 16 Constables of the Watch, at f$1.25 per night. 261 
Watchmen, at $1.00 per night. 



Gustavus Andrews, Deputy Jailor. 

The Judge of Probate, and the Justices of the Police Court, 
are the Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. 
Act 1843, ch. 61, § 2.] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

John H. Eastburn, City Printer. Work done by contract. 
[City Ordinances, p. 304.] 

Tliere are seven newspapers in which the City Odrinances, Ad- 
vertisements, ^-c. are published. They are the Daily Adver- 
tiser, Courier, Atlas, Post, morning papers. Daily Evening 
Transcript, Boston Daily Journal, Daily Evening Traveller, 
evening papers. [Elected by joint order of the City Coun- 
cil. Compensation $150 each per annum.] 



HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. 
Salary Sl,200 and Board. [Chosen by concurrent vote in 
May. City Ordinances, p. 211.] 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, 
and the men are paid by the City. She is used as a board- 
ing boat, and visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to 
inspect their crews, passengers, and cargoes, — for this service 
a fee of $10 is paid by the vessel. 
11 



82 

Clement A. Walker, Assistant Physician. Salary $600, and 
board. [Chosen and paid by the Directors of the House of 
Industry, &c.] 

Jonathan Bruce, Keeper of Rainsjord Island, and Captain of 
the Quarantine Boat. Salary $300. [Appointed by the 
Mayor and Aldermen. Ordinances, p. 154.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $500. Chosen by 
concurrent vote in May. Office City Building, Court square. 
[City Ordinances, p. 209.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, George C. Shattuck, Jacob 
Bigelow, John Ware, Considting Physicians. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote in May or June. City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Artemas Simonds, City Registrar. Chosen in February by 
concurrent vote of the City Council. [City Ordinances, p. 
327. Municipal Eegister, p. 50.] 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial 
Grounds and Funerals. Records the Births, Deaths, and 
Marriages, and all Intentions of Marriage. Salary $1,200, 
and an allowance of $600 for Clerk hire. 

William Palfrey, Clerh, 

UNDERTAKERS, 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City 
Ordinances, p. 212.] 

Henry Davis, 179 Hanover street, 

Thomas Haskell, 95 Prince, corner of Salem street. 

Caleb I. Pratt, 80 Sumner street,. 

Oren Faxon, 5 Orange street, 

William A. Brabiner, B, corner of Silver St., S. Boston, 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place, 

Richard Dillon, Fayette Court, 

John Peak, 1 Leverett street, 

Charles Houghton, Fourth street, South Boston, 

Constant T. Benson, 65 Prince street, 

George Johnson, rear of 35 Pitts street, 

Harum Merrill, 3 Russell place, 

John White, Lewis street, East Boston, 

Obed Pratt, 24 Vine street, 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Marlboro' Chapel, 

William Cooley, 30 Tyler street, 

Charles Cook, 17 Nassau street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's church, 

David Marden, Salem, opposite Tileston street. 

J. W. Pierce, 56 High street, 

Ware Wilkinson, 24 Marion street, 



Nalinm P. Whitney, 1 Lovett place, 
Edward Mower, 37 Pitts street, 
James Lynde, S^ Tileston street, 
Pliilip E. Field, 63 B street. South Boston, 
John D. IngersoU, 77 Charter street, 
Jeremiah Tinkham, 7 Purchase street. 

Charles B. Wells, Superintendent of Common Sewers. Salary 
S 1,200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May or June. 
City Ordinances, p. 358.] 

The Mayor and Aldermen, Surveyors of Highways. [Charter 
§ 22. Ordinances, p. 378.] 

Thomas Hunting, Superintendent of Streets. Salary $1,400 
[Chosen by concurrent vote, in January or February. City 
Ordinances, p. 383.] 



PUBLIC LANDS AND BUILDINGS, LAMPS, 
BRIDGES AND HARBOR. 



James McAllaster, Superintendent of Public Buildings. Office? 
City Hall. Salary SI, 200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in 
April or May. City Ordinances, 307. Mun. Reg. p. 45.] 

Stephen Tucker, Superintendent of Public Lands. Salary 
SI, 200. [Chosen in April or May. City Ordinances, p. 
311. Mun. Reg. p. 48.] 

Daniel Rhodes, Cleric of Faneuil Hall MarlceL Salary SI, 100. 
[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in June or July. 
City Ordinances, p. 109.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

Thomas Kettell, Deputy Clerk. Salary $600 per annum. 
[City Ordinances, p. 109.] 

Thomas Bennett, Assistant Cleric and Police Officer. S2 per 
day. 

James Barry, Superintendent of Lamps. Salary $600 per 
annum. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. City 
Ordinances, p. 250.] 

There are 959 Gas Lamps, 1243 Oil Lamps; 12 Gas 
Lighters, and 16 Oil Lighters. The Lamps are now lighted 
on an average 26 nights per month 

The pay of the Lighters of the Oil Lamps is S1.56per 100 
lio-htinsfs. 



84 

The pay of the Gas Lighters is $1.19 per 100 lightings, for 
lighting and extinguishing. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. 
Salary S800. [Chosen by concurrent vote, " first acted 
upon by the Mayor and Aldermen," in eJanuary or Febru- 
ary. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Abner J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. 
Salary $300. [Chosen by concurrent vote " first acted upon 
by the Mayor and Aldermen," in January or February. 
City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Daniel Merrill, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary 

$700. 

George P. Tewksbury, Harhor Master. Salary $1,200. 
Chosen by concurrent vote annually, "if expedient." [Ordi- 
nances, p. 172.] 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief Engineer. 

"William Barnicoat, 273 Tremont street. Salary $1,200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $200 each. 

Charles S. Clark, 32 Snowhill sti-eet. 

Joshua Jacobs, Montgomery place. 

George W. Bird, 5 Ringgold street. 

John Davis, jr., Broadway, South Boston. 

Eiisha Smith, jr. 9 London street. 

Theodore P. Bowker, 117 Pinckney street. 

Anson Ellms, Sumner street. East Boston. 

Frederick A. Colburn, Pavilion. 

Jonathan Pierce, 21 Tyler street. 

Henry Hart, aerk. Salary $600. 
[Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote. Ordi- 
nances, pp. 126, 132.] 

Foremen of Engines. 

Suffolk Co. No. 1. Suffolk street. 

William L. Champney, Canton street. 

Protection Co. No. 4. Paris street, East Boston. 

Benjamin F. Newell, Maverick street. 

Howard Go. No. 7. Purchase street. 

Caleb S. McClennen, 22 Purchase street. 



85 



Hancock Co. No. 10. 
James Quinn, 

Maverick Go. No. 11. 
Darius B. Kidder, 

Eagle Go. No. 12. 

Melville Go. No. 13. 
Charles Carter, 

Gataract Go. No. 14. 
Alvin Vinal, 

Boston Co. No. 15. 
Henry S. EUms, 

Perkins Co. No. 16. 
Jackson L. Stinson, 

Mazeppa Co. No. 17. 
George S. Thorn, 

Lafayette Co. No. 18. 
Caleb Clapp, 

Old North Co. No. 19. 
Andrew Burnham, 

Extinguisher Co. No. 20. 
David C. Meloon, 

Hook and Ladder Go. No. 1. 
Philip Fox, 

Hook and Ladder Go. No. 2. 
William Hunt, 

Mook and Ladder Co. No. 3. 
Frederick L. Tyler, 

Hydrant Go. No. 1. 
William Dyke,. 

Hydrant Go. No. 2. 
David Chamberlin, 

Hydrant Co. No. 3. 
Mason A. Rice, 

Hydrant Go. No. 4. 
Eleazer Witherell, 



Friend street. 
19 North Margin street. 

Paris street, Hast Boston. 
Maverick square, E. Boston. 
Washington street. 

Leverett street. 
South Margin street. 

Foot of Mt. Vernon street. 
1 Lime street. 

Commercial street. 

Broadway, S. Boston. 
Third street, South Boston. 

Broadway, S. Boston. 
Athens street, S. Boston. 

Tremont Row. 
Slade's Hotel. 

Eagle Hill, East Boston. 
51 Lexington street, E. Boston. 

East street. 
34 Lincoln street. 

Friend street. 
42 Spring street. 

Paris street, E. Bostom.. 
London street. East Boston. 

Harrison Avenue.. 
563 Washington street. 

Salem street. 
13 Snowhill street. 

Hudson street, 
77 Tyler street. 

Tremont Bow. 
34 Portland street. 

Tremont street. 
16 Dover Place. 



There are attached to the department, 21 Foremen of En- 
gine, Hook and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at S125 
each ; 17 Assistant Foremen, at $100 each ; 17 Clerks at $100 
each ; 17 Stewards, at $100 each ;, 430 Members, at $80 eachi 



86 

4 Foremen, at $50 each ; 4 Assistant Foi'emen, at ^40 eacli ;■ 
4 Clerks, at $40 each ; 4 Stewards, at S40 each ; 110 Mem- 
bers, at $30 each. There are 3 Engine Companies and 1 
Hook and Ladder Company &t East Boston, which are not re- 
quired to attend Fires in the City proper, except by special or- 
der of the Chief Engineer — their compensation is as follows — 
Foremen $50 each per annum ; Assistant Foremen $40 each ,; 
Clerks $40 each; Stewards 40 each; Members $30 each. 
[Ordinances, pp. 126, 132.] 



SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

[Chosen by concvirrent vote in February. City Ord. p. 260.] 

FRANCIS BULLARD, 

Office No. 136 Milk street. 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 

[City Ordinances, p. 261.] 

Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 

Edwin Allyn, Washington st., near Dedham street. 

Charles BuUard, 14 Fayette street. 

Henry Bullard, 512 Washington street. 
George W. Cram, 

Geor-ge Davis, . 4 Brookline street. 

George Dupee, 332 Tremont street. 

Osgood Eatori, Prince, corner of Salem street, 

George Hall, 22 South Russell street. 

Rolun Hartshorn, Lincoln street. 

Charles Hersey, 63 Allen street. 
■Joseph F. Huntress, 89 Oak street. 

William Keith, 2 Lyndeboro' place. 
John Y. Kendall, 

John Lefavor, Webster street, East Boston. 

Josiah Marston, Bolton street, near E street. 

George Page, 56 C street, South Boston. 

Eben M. Plumer, No. 3 Snelling place. 

'Seth Thaxter, 83 Warren street. 

Samuel Waldron, Fourth, near B street, S. Boston. 

Edward Willett, 516 Washington street. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, No. 3 1 Dover street. ■ 



87 

Surveyors of Oalc, Hard Wood, SfC. 

Seth Brooks, Saratoga street, East Boston. 

Gad Leavitt, Franklin House. 

The following officers are first elected by the Mayor and 
Aldermen, with the concurrence of the Common Council. 
They are all paid by fees. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 

Inspectors of Lime. — Asa Swallow, Joel Wheeler. 

Fence Vieioers. — Romanus Emerson, Rolun Hartshorn. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Benjamin Luckis, and Benjamin 
Abrahams. 

Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — John K. Carlton, and Benja- 
min Abrahams. 

Assay Master.- — Isaac Babbitt. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Thomas Gerrish, Timo'- 
thy Mclntire, Ira E. Sanborn, and David Briggs. 

The following officers are appointed by the Mayor and 
Aldermen. 

Weigher of Hay, S^c. — John R. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurer of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon. [Oi'dinance, 
p. 254.] 

Measurers of Wood and Baric, brought hy land. — John R. 
Bradford, Amos Bates, William Shattuck, Moses Hadley, 
Hollis Moore. [Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Measurers of Wood, brought by water. — Jonathan Thaxter, 
Warren Bowker, Daniel A. Rogers, John Paul. [Ordi- 
nance, p. 444.] 

Weigher of Boats and Lighters. — Edward Loring. [Ap- 
pointed in March or April. Ordinances, p. 33.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from tirne to time, until 
the first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures.- — Edward Loring. [Ordi- 
nances, pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Joseph Hockey, 
Elbridge G. Dudley, Azor Maynard, Israel M. Barnes, 
Samuel Lane, Ebenezer H. Redding, Samuel B. Liver- 
more, B. M. Nevers, Wiliiara A. Lewis, John McCallum. 
[Ordinances, p. 18L] 



I'tJBLIC CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 

The Directors, Overseers and "Visitors of the difierent Institu=- 
tions, the Master of the House of Correction, and the Supei*- 
intendent of the Boston Lunatic Hospital, are chosen by 
concuiTent vote of the City Council. The other officers are 
appointed by the Directors of the different Houses. 

HOUSES OF INDUSTRY AND REFORMATION. 

Directors. — Thomas Hollis, Chairman, Samuel Leeds, Alfred' 
A. Wellington, William Dall, William Freeman, William 
Willett, David Kimball, John Flint, and Nathaniel Brewer. 
[Chosen in May. Ordinances, p. 236.] 

Superititendent. — Friend Crane. Salary ^1,000, and board in 
House. 

Assistant. — Bickford Lang. Salary $30 per month and board. 

Clerk of Directors. — William Willett. Salary Sl,200. 

In the House of Industry, there is a Matron's Assistant, Over- 
seer of Clothing and Overseer of Kitchen, who receive 
S204 each, from the City. There are also paid by the 
Trustees of the Boylston and Mason Funds to the Chaplain, 
$500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; Assistant Teacher, $300 ;- 
and four females each $156. 

in the House of Reformation Department, there is paid tc 
the Male Teacher $500, and to one Assistant $350, and to 
one $240 ; and to the Matron, $200. [Appointed by the 
Directors.] 

There are two Assistant Farmers, at a salary of $300 each^ 
whose services are for both Houses. 



HOUSE OF CORRECTION. 

Overseers. — William T. Andrews, Chairman, George Darra- 
cott, Uriel Crocker, James Clark, and Thomas Restieaux. 
Chosen from time to time, generally in the month of May. 
[Ordinances, p. 219.] 

Master. — Charles Robbins. Salary $1,200, and board in 
House. 

Clerk to Master.—^, W. Crossett. Salary $400, and board io 
House. 

Clerk io Overseers.— EA\^\\2lM P. Hartshorn, Salary $700, 



89 

Chaplain. — Rev. Shipley W. Willson. Salary $750. 

Thei'e is also paid to six Male Assistants, toOO each, and 
board ; and three Female Assistants, i*p200 each. Also, to 
one Cook, $3.50 per week. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Charles Edw. Cook, Chairman, Henry M. Holbrook, 
Henry Lincoln, Otis Clapp, George Savage, Samuel S. Per- 
kins, Alexander H. Rice. [Chosen in January or Febru- 
ary. Ordinances, p. 270.] 

Secretary. — Samuel F. McCleary, Jr. Salary SlOO. 

Charles H. Stedman, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to 
the above institutions. Salary $1,200, and board in the 
House. [Chosen in September or October. City Ord. 
p. 271.] 

Chaplain. — Rev. Louis Dwight. 

There are also attached to this Institution, 

Sumner Crosby, Steward, Salary $600 per year. 
Harriot Crosby, Matron, " $200 « 

Seven male Attendants and Assistants, $180 each; six 
female attendants and Assistants $130 each; one Laundress 
and one Housekeeper, at $156 each ; two Cooks, at $2 per 
week ; one Sempstress, at $2.25 per week ; Table and Cham- 
ber Girl at $2 per week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at 
South Boston receive $600, which amount is shared by the 
three Institutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 
(Charter $ 17.) 

( Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 

Ward. 

7 — John W. Warren, jr. 

8 — Joseph Lewis. 

9 — Calvin Whiting. 
10— John F. W. Lane. 
11 — Henry R. Andrews. 
12 — Thomas Blasland. 



Ward 

1 — Alexander Wood. 

2 — Thomas .Gove. 

3 — Benjamin T. Gould 

4 — S. S. Littlehale. 

5 — Daniel Henchman. 

6 — Thomas Haviland. 



James Phillips, Secretary. Salary $800. 

12 



90 
WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE WATER BOARD. 

[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 424.] 



Thomas Wetmore, Chairman. 

Jonathan Preston, 
Samuel A. Eliot, 
John T. Heard. 



Henry B. Rogers, 
James W. Sever, 
John H. "Wilkins, 

Samuel Holbrook, Clerk. 
E. Sylvester Chesbrough, City E7igineer. Salary $2,500. 

George H. Bailey, Assistant Engineer. Salary $ 
Office 119 Washington street. 

J. Avery Richards, Water Registrar. Salary SI, 200. 
Office City Building, Court Square. 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 



John P 
Francis 



P. Bigelow, Mayor, Chairman ) ^t n- •- 

is Brinley, President Common Council^ \^ - Jr 



\_The following are chosen in each ward.'] 



Ward. 

1 — Rev. Edward Beecher, 

Benson Leavitt. 
2— Dr. Wm. H. Thorndike, 

Silas B. Hahn. 
3— Dr. Edw.. D. G. Palmer, 

E-ev. Pharcellus Church. 
4 — Rev. Sam'l K. Lothrop, 

Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 
5 — Frederick Emerson, 

Loring Norcross. 
6 — Sampson Reed, 

Frederick U. Tracy. 



Ward. 
7 — Hamilton Willis, 

Dr. Zabdiel B. Adams. 
8— Rev. J. I. T, Coolidge 

Samuel W. Bates. 
9 — Joseph M. Wightman, 
Samuel E. Guild. 
10— Rev. Joseph B. Felt, 

Rev. Geo. M. Randall. 
11 — William H. Foster, 

George Eaton. 
12 — Alvan Simonds, 
Francis Alger. 



Samuel F. McCleary, jr., Secretary. 



SUB-COMMITTEES. 

Boohs — Messrs. Felt, Church, Coolidge, Adams, and Wins- 
low. 

To confer with Primary School Committee — Messrs. Eaton, 

Reed, and Willis. 
Committee on Erection, Alteration, and Ventilation of 

School Houses — Messrs. Emerson, Alger, and Bates. 
On Temporary Instruction — Messrs. Guild, Leavitt and 

Foster. 
Annual Examining Committee — Messrs. Winslow, Felt, 

Adams, Alger, Church, Coolidge, Eaton, Randall, and 

Thorndike, 



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98 



INSTRUCTERS IN THE, VARIOUS SCHOOLS. 

Note. The Masters of the Latin and English High 
Schools have a salary of S2,400 each per annum. The 
Sub-Masters of both schools have $1,500 each per annum 
— and the Ushers in both schools have $800 each for the 
first year of service, with an annual increase of $100 for 
each additional year of service until the salary amounts to 
$1,200, at which sum it remains fixed. 

All Grammar and Writing Masters have a salary of 
$1,500 each ; all Sub-masters in the Grammar Schools 
have $1,000 each per annum — all Ushers in said schools 
have $800 each per annum. — Head Assistants $400 each, 
and all other Assistants $300 each per annum. 

The Teachers of Music receive $100 a year for instruc- 
tion in each school, which sum includes the consideration 
for the use of a Piano Forte. [All the salaries are fixed 
by the School Committee.] 

LATIN. 

Epes S. Dixwell, Master. 

Caleb Emery, Sub-Master. 

Joseph H. Thayer and John Noble, Ushers. 

ENGLISH HIGH. 

Thomas Sherwin, Master. 

Luther Robinson, First Sub-Master. 

Francis S. Williams, Second Sub-Master. 

Samuel M. Weston and Charles M. Cumston, Ushers. 

ADAMS. 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Bartholomew Wood, Sub-Master. 

Ira Cheever, Usher. 

Mary E. Beck, Lucy F. Hall, Mary M. Knights, Assistants. 

A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

B I G E L O W. 

Frederick Crafts, Master. 

Rebecca M. Harris, Julia M. Baxter, H. Maria Manning-, 

Rebecca A. Strout, Elizabeth Williams, Celinda Seaver, 

Martha C. Jenks, Assistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 



94 



B O W D O I N. 

Abraham Andrews, Grammar Master. 

James Robinson, Writing Master. 

Eebecca Lincoln, Mary S. Robinson, Sarah M. Mitchell, 

Hannah S. Andrews, Mary Ann Smith, E. F. Cope" 

land, Louisa Clark, Assistants. 
A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

BOTLSTON. 

John C. Dore, Grammar Master. 

Charles Kimball, Writing Master. 

William T. Adams and Franklin Webster, Ushers. 

Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, Susan J. M. Jones, Catharine 

H. Grover, Mary A. Harris, Elizabeth M. Treadwell, 

Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

B R I M M E B. 

Joshua Bates, jr.. Grammar blaster. 

John H. Butler, Writing Master. 

Sumner Albee and Daniel C. Brown, Ushers. 

Ellen B. Cunningham and Lucy W. Butler, Assistants. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN, FOB BOTS. 

John p. Averill, Master. 

William A. Jenks, Usher. 

Martha E. Symmes, Sarah S. Chamberlin, and Marilla M* 

Caverno, Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN, FOB GIELS. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Angeline A. Brigham, Georgietta Reid, Lucy A. Wiggin, 
Assistants. 

DWIGHT, FOR BOYS. 

James A. Page, Master. 

William F. Basto, Usher. 

Clarissa Guild, Eliza M. Josselyn, Maria E. Damrell, H. 

Draper, Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 



95 



DWIGHT, FOR GIRLS. 

George B. Hyde, Master. 

Elizabeth G. Underbill, Eliza A. Harding, Mary Chandler, 
Assistants. 

ELIOT. 

William 0. Ayres, Grammar Master. 

Levi Conant, Writing Master. 

Quincy A. Gilmore, Usher. 

Caroline W. Carter, Hannah M. Damon, Anna S. Carter, 

Eliza L. Felt, Caroline A. Conant, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

ENDICOTT, FOR BOTS. 

John F. Nourse, Master. 

Jacob Tuck, Usher. 

Jane Pearson, Sarah S. French, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

ENDICOTT, FOR GIRLS. 

Joseph W. Jenks, Master. 

Almira J. Keith, Malvina R. Brigham, Elizabeth McKay, 
Assistants. 

FRANKLIN. 

Barnum Field, Master. 

Hannah S. Tirrell, Catherine T. Simonds, Head Assist- 
ants. 

Sarah Ann Gale, Sarah A. M. Gushing, Caroline A. 
Green, Lucy M. Beck, Frances A. Hardon, Mary Jane 
Leach, Frances E. Field, Assistants. 

George W. Pratt, Music Teacher. 

HANCOCK. 

George Allen, jr., Master. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Sub-Master. 

Henrietta L. Pierce, Sarah E. White, Hannah S. Austin, 
Mary A. Lewis, Helen M. Johnson, S. 0. H. Eaton, 
Lucy W. Ripley, Mary F. Kimball, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

H A w E s . 
John A. Harris, Master. 
Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. 
Henry E. Hardon, Usher. 
Ann E. Dearborn, Louisa T. Henderson, Lucy C. Jenks, 

Assistants. 
Albert Di*ake, Music Teacher. 



96 



JOHNSON, NORTH. 

Eichard G. Parker, Master. 

Eebecca P. Barrj, Helen E. Vans, Caroline Leighton, As- 
sistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

JOHNSON, SOUTH. 

Joseph Hale, Master. 

Martha E. Towne, Almira Seymour, Mary Jane Danforth, 
Assistants. 

LYMAN, FOR BOYS. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. 

James F. Blackinton, Usher. 

Eliza L. Pierce, Mary 0. Bulfinch, E. Jeanette Aborn, 

Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

LYMAN, FOR GIRLS. 

Aaron L. Ordway, Master. 

Mary P. Moulton, Alice Cunningham, Eliza A. "Wiggin, 
Jane Hight, Assistants. 

MATHER. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Grammar Master. 

Jonathan Battles, jr., Writing Master. 

Asa Weeks, Usher. 

Margaret A. Moody, Lucy Floyd, Ann J. Drake, Margaret 
A. Pease, Elizabeth B. Raynolds, Alice Cooper, As- 
sistants. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

M A Y H E W . 

William D. Swan, Master. 

Winslow Battles, Sub-Master. 

Eobert Swan, Dean F. Battles, Ushers. 

Elizabeth L. West, Elizabeth D. Moulton, Elizabeth P. 

Hopkins, Mary L. Eowland, Assistants. 
John W. Adams, Music Teacher. 

OTIS. 

Isaac F. Shepard, Grammar Master. 

Benjamin Drew, jr.. Writing Master. 

Samuel W. Mason, Usher. 

S. W. I. Copeland, Sophia Shepard, Emeline French, 

Martha A. Palmer, Miranda Sherman, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



97 



PHILLIPS. 

James Hovey, Grammar Master. 

vSamuel Swan, Writing Master and Teacher of Music* 

Amphiou Gates, John M. Colcord, Ushers. 

Ellen M. Coolidge and Catharine P. Dow, Assistants. 

Q u I N c Y . 
John D. Philbrick, Master. 
Charles E. Valentine, Sub-Master. 
B. W. Putnam and James O. Brown, Ushers. 
Sarah G. Hay, Josephine L. Tucker, Lydia A. Hanson, 

Elizabeth A. G. Philbrick, Abbie Dalton, Sarah B. 

Putnam, Dora Norton, Sophia A. Leavitt, Caroline M. 

Cotton, Olive Kelley, Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

SMITH. 

Thomas Paul, Master. 

James C. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

w E t L s . 
Cornelius "Walker, Grammar Master. 
Reuben Swan, jr.. Writing Master. 
William H. Swan, Usher. 
Matilda A. Gerry, Caroline F. Housley, Mary S, Cafter, 

Sarah J. Lothrop, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

WINTHHOP, NORTfi. 

Henry Williams, jr., Master. 

Elizabeth R. Briggs, Susan A. W. Loring, Caroline A. 

Rogers, Assistants. 
Lowell Mason, Music Teacher. 

WINTHROP, SOUTH. 

Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

Martha I. Cotton, Frances M. Huffmaster, Abbie R. 
Parish, Assistants. 

* No increase oi salary allowed for instruction in Music. 



13 



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109 



WARD OFFICERS 



1851. 



Ward No. 1. 



Warden. 
William Eaton, 

Clerh. 
Charles A. Turner, 



Warden. 
Richard Libby, 



Clerh. 



Gaius Allen, 



Warden. 
Ephraim Nute, 

Clerh. 
Nathan H. Hartwell, 



Warden. 
George M. Browne, 

Clerh. 
J. Fi-anklin Bates, 



Inspectors. 
William D. Mellen, 
George H. Ames, 
John D. W. Joy, 
William Deblois, 
Enoch H. Snelling, Jr. 



Ward No. 2. 



Inspectors. 
Robert R. Kent, 
Mark Googins, 
Edmund Snow, 
John Rand, 
George H. Mills. 



Ward No. 3. 



Inspectors. 
George H. Lane, 
Jonas G. Shillaber, 
Hiland Lockwood, 
James W. Russell, 
Timothy K. Tripp. 



Ward No. 4. 



Inspectors. 
Henry C. Brooks, 
Eben W. Rollins, 
Thomas F. Nutter, 
John H. Reed, 
George Russell. 



110 



Ward No. 5. 



Warden. 
Eben H. Little, 

Clerk. 
A. E. Johonnot, 



Warden. 
David Kimball, 

Glerh 
J. Mason Parker, 



Warderii 
Charles H. Brown, 

Glerh. 
Joseph M. Bell, 



Warden. 
Clement "Willis, 

Olerk. 
Stephen G. Deblois, 



Warden, 
Jesse Maynard, 

Glerh 
Francis G. "Whiston, 



Warden, 
Henry "W. Dutton, 

Glerk. 
George F. Woodman, 



Inspectors. 
Edward H. Tombs, 
Joel W, Norcross, 
John S. Pear, 
Edmund W. Converse} 
George H. Wyman, 



Ward No. 6. 



Inspectors. 
Newton M. Keen, 
Edward M. Careyj 
Theodore Baker, 
Sidney Bartlett, Jr. 
James C. Dunn, Jr. 



Ward No. 7. 

Inspectors, 
W. C. Merriam, 
H. E. Bayley, 
George Dickinson, 
George L. Pratt, 
Henry A. Whitney^ 

Ward No. 8. 

Inspectors. 
Abram French, 
Reuben J. Todd^ 
R. B. Lincoln, 
Joseph Lovejoy, 
George H. Brown^ 



Ward No. 9. 



Inspectors. 
William C. Eayrs^ 
Lewis Wentworth, 
Edward C. Wheelock, 
William W. Baker, 
George G. Williams. 



xrd No. 10. 



Inspectors. 



Daniel Brown, 
E. T. Russell, Jr. 
William A. Bell, 

Jesse Tirrell, 



Ill 



Ward No. 11. 



Warden, 
Stephen Tucker, 

Clerk. 
John A. Cummings, 



Warden, 
John D. Richardson, 

Clerk. 
Francis Jones, , 



Inspectors. 
William W. Keith, 
Moses H. Gate, 
George Palmer, 
David W. Child, 
Charles Caverly. 



Ward No. 12. 



Inspectors. 
Warren Kimball, 
Alvin Howard, 
S. A. Stackpole, 
W. A. Sprague, 
J. F. Whittemore, 



112 



TAXES 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Eeal and Personal 
Estates in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been 
as follows : 

1845. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $81,991,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 53,957,300.00 



Total valuation, - - - - 135,948,700.00 



At S5.70 per $1,000. is - - - 774,907.59 

No. of Polls, 24,287, at S1.50 each, is - 36,430.50 



Total Tax for 1845, - - - 811,338.09 

Increase over 1844, viz : 
Property, Real, $9,943,400, being about 12.127 per ct. 

Personal, 7,555,000, 16.281 



Total, $17,498,400 being 14.77 per cent. 

Polls, 1,948 8.70 



1846. 



Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $90,119,600.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 58,720,000.00 



Total Valuation, .... 148,839,600.00 



At $6.00 per $1,000, is - - - - 893,037.60 

No. of Polls 25,974 at $1.50, - - - 38,961.00 



Total Tax for 1846, - - - 931,998.60 

Increase over 1845, viz : 
Property, Eeal, $8,128,200.00, being about 9.91 per ct. 

Personal, 4,762,700.00, 8.82 



Total, $12,890,900.00, being 9.48 per cent. 
Polls, 1,687, 6.90 



113 



1847 



Valuation of Real Estate, - ' - - $97,764,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 64,595,900.00 



Total valuation, .... 162,360,400.00 



At $6.00 per S 1.000, is - - - 974,162.40 

No. of Polls 27,008, at S1.50 each, is 40,512.00 



Total Tax for 1847, - - - 1,014,674.40 

Increase over 1846, vi25 : 
Property, Real, $7,644,900.00 being about 8.48 per cent. 
Personal, 5,875,900.00, 10.00 



Total, 13,533,800.00, being 9.08 per cent. 
Polls, 1,034, 3.94 



1848. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $100,403,200.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 67,324,800.00 



Total valuation, .... 167,728,000.00 



At $6.50 per $1,000, is ... 1,090,232.00 

No. of Polls, 27,726, $1.50 each, is - 41,589.00 



Total Tax for 1848, - - - 1,131,821.00 

Increase over 1847, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,638,700.00, being about 2.70 per cent. 
Personal, 2,728,900.00, 5.22 



Total, $5,367,600.00, being 3.31 per cent. 
Polls. 718, 2.66 



114 



1849 



Valuation of Eeal Estate, - - - $102,827,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 71,352,700.00 



Total valuation, . - . - 174,180,200.00 



At ^6.50 per $1,000 is ... 1,132,171.30 

No of Polls, 28,363, at $1.50 each, is - 42,544.50 



Total Tax for 1849, - - - 1,174,715.80 

Increase over 1848, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,424,300,00, being 2.4145 per cent. 

Personal, 4,027,900.00, 5.9827 



Total, $6,452,200.00, being 3.846 per cent. 

Polls, 637, 2.297 



1850. 

Valuation of Real Estate - - - $105,093,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - 74,907,100.00 



Total valuation, .... 180,000,500.00 



At $6.80 per $1,000, is - - - 1,224,003.40 

No. ofPoUs, 28,018, at $1.50 each, is - 42,027.00 



Total Tax for 1850, ... 1,266,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz : 
Property, Beal, $2,265,900 being 2.203 per cent. 

Personal, 3,554,400, 4.981 



Total, $5,820,300.00, being 3.341 per cent. 
Polls decreased, 345.00, being a loss of 12.203. 



115 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1823 
1825 
1830 
1835 
1840 
1845 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 



January 1st. 



; 103,550 
305,873 
891,930 
1,147,398 
1,698,232 
1,163,266 
1,085,200 
1,033,766 
1,112,906 
1,354,332 
1.623,823 
1,756,000 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following table shows the value of the Real and Per- 
sonal Estate, with the number of persons assessed from the 
year 1794, and every subsequent fifth year, to 1850. 



Year. 


Real Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s d 


£ s d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,800 


3600 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


6230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329.200 


6772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7851 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10980 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13311 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24817 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32396 


1850 


105,093,400 


74,907,100 


180,000,500 


32483 



116 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24.937 

1810 33,787 

1820 43,298 

1830 ... - - 61,392 

1835 . . = . - 78,603 

1840 ..... 85,000 

1845 114,366 

1850 ..... 138,788 



Modes and Time of appointment of the various City 
Officers^ as prescribed hy the City Ordinances, 6fc. 

City Clerk — in Convention, - - - January. 

Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, - January. 

Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concur- 
rent vote, - - - - January or February. 

Superintendents of North and Soutli 
Free Bridges — Concurrent vote " first 
acted upon by the Mayor and Alder- 
men," January or February. 

Engineers of Fire Department— Concur- 
rent vote, .... January or February. 

Superintendent of Streets, - - January or February. 

Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and 
Staves, Field Drivers, Pound Keep- 
ers, Inspectors of Lime, - - January or February. 

Officers to complain of Truants, &c. — 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - January or February. 

Surveyor General of Lumber — Concur- 
rent vote, - - - . . February. 

City Registrar — Concurrent vote, - February or March. 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Con- 
current vote, .... - March. 

"Weighers of Boats and Lighters, Sealers 
of Weights and Measures, Hay Weigh- 
ers, Inspectors of Hay, Measurers of 
Woud and Bark — Mayor and Alder- 
men, Blarch or April. 



iir 

Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent 

vote, - March or April. 

Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Al- 
dermen, ------ April. 

Superintendent of Public Buildings — 

Concurrent vote, - - - - April or May. 

Superintendent of Public Lands — Con- 
current vote, ----- April or May. 

City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, - May. 

Overseers of House of Correction — Con- 
current vote, ----- May. 

Master of House of Correction — Con- 
current vote, ----- May. 

Directors of House of Industry, &c. — 

Concurrent vote, - - - - May. 

City Treasurer — In Convention. - - May, 

City Auditor — Concurrent vote, - - May. 

City Physician — Concurrent vote, - May. 

Port Physician — Concurrent vote, - May. 

City Marshal — Mayor and Aldermen, - May or June. 

Consulting Physicians — Concurrent vote, May or June. 

Superintendent of Sewers and Drains — 

Concurrent vote, - - - - May or June. 

City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - - June. 

Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market — Mayor 

and Aldermen, - - - . June or July. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - July. 

Superintendent of Lunatic Hospital — 

Concurrent vote, - - - September or October. 

City Engineer — Concurrent vote, - September or October. 

Water Registrar — Concurrent vote, September or October. 



ORATORS OF BOSTON 

Appointed hy the Public Authorities. 



On the Anniversary of the Boston Massacke, Ma«ch 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 



118 

1776. Eev. Peter Thacher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan "Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Eichards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 



On the Anniveksakt op the National Independence, 
Jtjlt 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 
1794 Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lathrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Eev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Dutton, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher. 

1808. Andrew Eitchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, l^sq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrel Channing. 



119 

1818. Hon. Francis Galley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1834. Richard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stiilman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1838. Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

. 1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary, 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 
_ 1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

N. B. All of the above Orations have been printed with 
the exception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis 

Dana Channing, and Edward G. Prescott, 



C AT ALO GUE 

OF THE 

GOVERNMENT 

OP THE 

CITY OF BOSTON, 

IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THEIR SERVICE, 



rROU ITS 



INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1851. 



INDEX. 



PRELIMINAEY REMARKS. 



During twenty-nine Municipal years, one being but eight 
months, when the time of the City election was changed in 
1825, one hundred and five citizens have served as Aldermen, 
thirty-five have deceased, two while in office. Of this number, 
thirty-eight have served one year ; thirty-six, two years ; thir- 
teen, three years ; seven, four years ; six, five years ; three, 
six years ; one, eight years ; one, eleven years. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 



Ward No. 1, 63 Members, 

« " 2, 53 " 

" « 3, 58 " 

" '<■ 4, 55 " 

" " 5, 58 " 

" " 6, 47 '' 

" " 7, 52 " 



Ward No. 8, 53 Members, 
« " 9, 49 " 
« « 10, 62 " 
« " 11, 63 « 
" " 12, 74 

687 



Fifty-one citizens have represented two wards. Two citi- 
zens have represented three wards. Showing that six hun- 
dred and eighty-seven citizens have served in the Common 
Council, one hundred and twelve of whom have deceased, six 
while in office. 

NOTE. 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted 1839. See Mayors. 

ALDERMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re- 
elected, and Thomas B. Wales and Redford Webster elected 
1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organiza- 
tion. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — luiving been 
chosen one of the Principal Assessors. 



124 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not 
qualify himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no pro- 
vision for affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sai'gent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, de- 
clined. 

Henry D. Gray and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer How- 
ard, Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 
1828, also Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined 
prior to the organization. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1880, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 
1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

There have been four successfully contested elections.* 

The first, Feb. 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that " closing the poll before the hour, 
at which the voters were notified it would be closed, was a 
violation of the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members 
of Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an 
adjourned meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of ir- 
regular proceeding to render the whole number of votes cer- 
tain by taking the highest number of votes for candidates on 
each opposing ticket ; adjournment of the meeting by the sole 
authority of the Warden, and other irregularities at the an- 
nual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three 
members of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal 
voters, sufficient to effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three 
members from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned 
meeting, December 14, ^n the ground that four votes for non- 
resident candidates, (^fter having been first thrown out by 
the Ward officers,) twere counted at the annual election, De- 

* During the present year the seats of two members from Ward 3 have 
been contested, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting alleged to have been illegally held. The result of this contested 
election Avas not known at the date of publishing this Eegister. 

t This fact was admitted though not stated in the report of the Com- 
mittee. 



125 

cember 12, thereby pi'cventing the choice of two other caneli- 
dates, who, by exckitling the said four votes, were by the deci- 
sion of the Council, decLared elected, leaving one vacancy. 

The election of Mayor for 1845, was more warmly contested 
than on any former year. There w*ere not less than eight several 
ballotings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of 
February, Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, 
William Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of 
Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining 
health, resigned the otiice of Mayor, which resignation, how- 
ever, was not accepted by the City Council, and on the 22d of 
November he died, being the first Mayor who has died, while 
in office, since the organization of the City Government in 
1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiali Quincy, Jr. was elected 
Mayor, by the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as 
Chairman of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. 
Davis and the election of Mr. Quincy. 



126 



1822. 

MAYOR, 

^JOHN PHILLIPS. 



AL D E RMEK. 



*Samuel Billings, 
*Epliraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Joseph Head, 



Joseph Jenkins, 
*Joseph Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
Bryant Parrott Tilclen. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

^WILLIAM PRESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
Henry Orne, 
*Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 
^Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
Thomas Kendall, 
Horatio Gates Ware, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 
*William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 

* Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
*Augustus Peabody, 
Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Peter Chai'don Brooks, 
*James Perkins, 
*Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
*William Prescott, 
John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
*Andrew Drake, , 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

* David Collson Moseley, 
*Isaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 
*Geo. Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa BuUard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 
*Winslow Lewis. 

Ward 12, 
Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
*John Howe, 
Moses Williams. 



127 



1823. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



* Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Ashur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
* Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN WELLES, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Simon Wilkinsson, 
*John Elliot, . 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
* Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 
William Wright. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
James Savage, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
David Francis, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa Bullard, 
* Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



128 
18 24. 

MAYOR, 

JO SI AH QUINCY. 



* Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odioriie, 

* David Weld Child, 
Joseph Hawley Dorr 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



ALDERMEN, 

Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

* Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler, I 

Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2. 
*William Little, jr. 
* Oliver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
*William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Jeremiali Fitch. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Wash- 
burn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
George Washington Otis, 
Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward 11, 

Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bi'adlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaac Thorn, 
Charles Bemis. 



129 



1825. 

MAY OR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



l)aniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 



*Thoraas Welsh, jr., 
* George Blake, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 

* Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
♦Thomas Wells, 

* Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Wash- 
burn, 

* George Hallett, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
*John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*William Simonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Richardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Franklin Dexter, 
Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothingham, 
Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
* Oliver Fishei', 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



130 



1826. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN, 



Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiali Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr. 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Robbing, 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*William Sprague, 
Amos Farnsworth, 
Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter, 



Ward 7. 
*Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker, 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam, 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr. 
*Joshua Vose, 
Thomas Brewer, 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
* Oliver Fisher, 
Henry Hatch. 



131 



1827. 

M ATOK , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



Cyrus Alger, 
*John Bellows, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr. 
John Foster Loring, 



Jeremiah Smith Boies. 
*Robei-t Fennelly, 
Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Wash- 
burn, 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter, 
*Jonathan Loring, 
Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 

* Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips 

Ward 8. 

* David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears, 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 

* Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
George Brinley, 
William Parker, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward IL 
Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr. 
*Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 

* William Little, jr. 

* George Gay. 



132 

1828. 

MAY O R , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



AL D E R ME N. 



John Foster Loring, 

* Robert Fennelly, 
James Savage, 

* Thomas Kendall, 



*James Hall, 

Phineas Upham, 

*John Pickering, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clark Betton, 

* Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, jr. 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John D. Dyer, (res. April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 

* James L. P. Orrok, (from 

May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, jr. 
James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Pai'ker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 

* David Moody. 

Ward 7. 
*John Arno Bacon, 
John Belknap, 



* George W. Adams, (from 

May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward, (res. 

July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res February.) 
*Benj. T. Pickman, (from 

August.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Norman Seaver, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 
Robert Treat Paine, (from 

May.) 
*John Lowell, jr. 
Geo. Bethune, (res. April,) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
Perez Gill, 
Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Cary, 
Walter Cornell, 
Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



133 



1829. 

MAYOR, 

*IIARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*James Hall, 



*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamm Russell, 
*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 
* Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis. 

*Thomas Reed, (died Feb.) 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 

Ward 5. 
Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
* George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr. 
Jared Lincoln, 
Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 9. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 10. 
* Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, jr. 
* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
Perez Gill, 
Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 



13^ 



1830. 

MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 



*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

* BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

* Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

AVard 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr. 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated 
in February.) 



Ward 7. 

* Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 

Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby, 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Edw. Goldsborough Presoott 

Ward 10. 
John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, jr. 

* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Levi Bliss, 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay, 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*James Wright. 



m 



18 3 1 



MAYOR 



*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 

* Benjamin Russell, 
*Jolm Burbeck McCleary, 



Henry Farnam, 

Adam Bent, 

*John Binney, 

* Richard Devens Harris* 



CO]\IMON COUNCIL, 

^BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President* 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 

* Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 

* Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 

Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

* Isaac Waters, 
Ensign Sargeant, 
Stephen Titcomb. 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Abbott Lawrence. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
* Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott) 
Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey^ 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr, 
Thomas Melville Vinson, 
John Stevens. 



136 



18 32. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 

* Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McClearji 
Henry Farnam, 

*John Binney, 



*Ricli'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 
Jabez Ellis, 
*James Bowdoin, 
*John Stevens, (died.) 
*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 

* Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Joshua Barker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Jonathan Porter, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns', 
Richard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John CoUamore, jr. 

Ward 11, 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
* Oilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr. 



13T 



18 3 3. 

MAYOR. 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Fai'nam, 
*John Binney, 
Jabez Ellis, 
* William Tileston, 



COMMON 

JOHN PRESCOTT 

Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Bill Richardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
*Samuel Chessman, 
Philip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 

18 



Thomas Wetmore, 

* Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 

COUNCIL, 

BIGELOW, President. 

Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Silas Bullard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
*Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iverWm. Bourne Peabody 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dasoomb. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



138 



1834. 

MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Je. 



ALDERMEN 



Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
* Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howe Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Bridgden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 

* Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis, 

Ward 5. 
*Michaei Roulstone, 
Nath'l Fellows Cunningham, 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Georee Washino;ton Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargeant, 
*Edward Cruft, jr. 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iverWm. Bourne Peabody 
Benjamin Apthrop Gould, 
Isaac McLellan, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Daniel Messinger, 
* Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dascomb, 
William Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



18 3 5. 



MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 

*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, . 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
^Jonathan Chapman, 
Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
* Edward Cruft, jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 
*Richard Sullivan Fay, 
Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins 



140 



18 3 6. 

MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG, 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCIeary 
Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Giirney, 



ALDERMEN, 

Samuel Greele, 

Joseph Hensbaw Hayward^ 

Thomas Hunting, 

* Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

AYard 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Horace Dupee, 
William Greene Eaton^ 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
Jedediah Tultle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



141 



1837. 

MAYOR. 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



Henry Farnara, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



ALDERMEN. 

Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincyj 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

PHILLIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Isaac Harris, 

*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 
Thomas Hudson, 
Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
Philip Greely, jr. 
Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 
* Isaac Waters, 
George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7, 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Horace Dupee, 
William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthrop Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward IL 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr. 
John Thomas Dingley. 



142 



1838. 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATEINS ELIOT. 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward. 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Eichardsoiij 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 
*Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold* 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAlIaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 
Thomas Buckminster CurtiS;? 

* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton* 

Ward 9. 
James Harris, 
Thofflas Coffin Amory^ 
Charles Brooks, 
John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 

* Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



143 



1839. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALD ERMEN 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
* Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hay ward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
James Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MAHRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
John P>. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Geo. Wm. Gordon [res. May.] 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, [May.] 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAUaster, 
* William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow. 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Phillip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon F. Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, jr. 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
*Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, jr. 
John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



144 



1840 



JI A Y O E , 

^JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN 



*Natlianiel Pope Russell, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 



Charles Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
AVilliam Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle, 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 
George Washington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benj. Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward IL 
John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



145 



184 1. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN. 



Tiiomas "Wetraore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
"William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Ho<5per. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn* 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, jr., 
Pelham Bonney, 
Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Merriam. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A.Thompson, (res. Apl.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. N. Howe, jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benj. Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett. 

Ward 11, 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



146 



1842. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmoi'e, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



William Parker^ 
Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Kichard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*Jobn Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Eras. BoardmanCrowninshield. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend, 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Etistis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 

Ward 8. 
Benj. Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeksy 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
E[enry Worthington Dutton, 

Ward 11. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmlee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



147 



18 4 3. 

MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
"William Parker, 
James Longley, 



Richard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah S ted man, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. 

Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
Wm. Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Frs. Boardman Crownin shield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
Kimball Gibson, 
Peleo; Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 



Ward 8. 
Benj. Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
John Tillson, 
Romanus Emerson. 



148 



1844. 

MAYOR, 

^MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
William Henry Learnard, 
Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Frs. Boardman Crovpninshield 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon Francis Thayer, 
*B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

Greenleaf Conner Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



149 



18 4 5. 



MAYOR, 

*THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Je. (from December 11.) 



Benson Leavitt, 

William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Samuel Shurtleff Perkins. 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon Green Shipley, 
^Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Lyman Reed, 
James S. Savage, (from 
March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLEE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry North ey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Arteraas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7. 
* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon Francis Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny, 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hay den, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr. 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



150 



1846. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d., 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, - 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardraan, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon Francis Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
flenry W. Cushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 
Vfard 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr. 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John W. Crafts. 



151 



1847 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 

ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 
Billings Briggs- 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 
(Resigned, July 1.) 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 
(Chosen, July 1.) 

Ward 7. 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln, jr. 

Ward 2. 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 
William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 
George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
Richard B. Carter. 



Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon Francis Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, • 
Henry W, Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George R. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, jr. 
Samuel Wales, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr. 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Ferkina, 
Alvan Simonds. 



162 



1848. 

M A 1 O K , 

JOSIAH QTJINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

"William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



John H. "Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown, 
William D. Coolidge, 
George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Chai'les Henry Parker, 
Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marviuj 
Gideon Francis Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8, 
Samuel ToplifF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake, 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson^ 
Samuel Wales, jr. 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr. 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 



153 



18 49. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Billings Briggs, 
John P. Ober, 
Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Ci'itchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Mai'sh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 

20 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
George William McLellan, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



154 



185 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blancbard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale, 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward. 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
George William McLellan, 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



INDEX. 



ALDERMEN. 



\_The figures indicate the number of years of service.'] 



A 




Gurney, Nathan 


8 


Perkins, Samuel S. 


3 


Alger, Cyrus 


2 






Pickering, John 


1 


Amory, Charles 


2 


H 




Piper, Solomon 


1 


Andrews, William T 


2 


Hall, Jacob 


1 


Pope, William 


4 


Armstrong, Sam'l T. 


4 


Hall, James 


2 


Preston, Jonathan 


3 


Ayer, J. CuUeu 


1 


Hall, Samuel 


2 










Harris, Isaac 


2 


Q 




B 




Harris, James 


1 


Quincy, Samuel 


2 


Baxter, Daniel 


2 


Harris, Richard D. 


2 






Bellows, John 


3 


Hathaway, John 


4 


R 




Benjamin, Asher 


2 


Hayward, Joseph H. 


4 


Reed, Lyman 


1 


Bent, Adam 


1 


Head, Joseph 


1 


Revere, Joseph W. 


1 


Billings, Samuel 


1 


Head, George E. 


3 


Richardson, Thomas 


3 


Binney, John 


3 


Holbrook, Henry M. 


2 


Robbins, Edward H. 


1 


Blake, George 


1 


Hoopei-, Stephen 


2 


Robinson, Simon W. 


1 


Boies, Jeremiah S. 


1 


Hunting, Thomas 


6 


Rogers, Henry B. 


5 


Bowdoin, James" 


1 






Russell, Benjamin 


4 


Briggs, Billings 


5 


J 




Russell, Nathaniel P 


2 


Brimmer, Martin 


1 


Jackson, Francis 


1 






Bryant, John 


1 


Jenkins, Joseph 


1 


S 








Jones, Thomas 


2 


Savage, James 


2 


C 








Savage, James S. 


1 


Carney, Daniel 


2 


K 




Stedman, Josiah 


1 


Child, David W. 


2 


Kendall, Thomas 


2 


Stevens, John. SeeNote 


Clark, James 


2 


Kimball, Moses 


1 


Shipley, Simon G. 


1 


Clark, Calvin W. 


1 






Smith Benjamin 


1 


Crane, Larra 


2 


L 












Leavitt, Benson 


2 


T 




D 




Leighton, Charles 


2 


Tilden, Bryant P. 


1 


Dorr, Joseph H. 


2 


Lewis, Winslow 


4 


Tilden, Joseph 


1 


Dunham, Josiah 


3 


Longley, James 


3 


Tileston, William 


2 


Dyer, John D. 


1 


Loring, John F. 


5 










Lovering, Joseph 


1 


U 




E 




Lowe, Abi-aham T. 


5 


Upham, Phineas 


1 


Eddy, Caleb 


2 






Urann, Richard 


2 


Eliot, Ephraim 


1 


M 








Eliot, Samuel A. 


2 


Marshall, Josiah 


2 


W 




Ellis, Jabez 


3 


McCleary, John B. 


5 


Wales, Thomas B. 


1 






Munroe, Abel B. 


1 


Webster, Redford. See 


F 








Note. 




Fales, Samuel 


2 







Wells, Charles 


2 


Earnum, Henry 


6 


Ober, John P, 


2 


Wells, John B. 


1 


Fennelly, Eobert 


2 


Odiorne, George 


2 


Wells, Charles A. 


1 


Eiske, Benjamin 


1 


Oliver, Henry J. 


6 


Welsh, Thomas, jr. 
Wetmore. Thomas 


3 
11 


G 




P 




Wilkins, Charles 


2 


Gould, Frederick, 


3 


Parker, William 


5 


Wilkinson, Simon 


2 


Grant, Moses 


4 


Patterson, Enoch 


2 


Williams, Moses 


i 


Greele, Samuel 


3 


Perkins, James 


1 


Wilkins, John H. 


3 



156 



INDEX 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

[The references are to Wards.l 



A. 

Abbott, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W. 5 

Abbott, Samuel L. 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George W. 7 

Adams, Joseph T. 4 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John E. 3 

Allen, James B. 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C. 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C. 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Samuel 6 

Appleton, Benj. B. 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, John 4 

Austin, E. G. 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, jr. 6 

Ayer, Joseph C. 2 
Appleton, Samuel A. 7 

B 

Bacon, John A. 7 

Bailey, Ebenezer 8, 10 

Bailey, Edwin C- 3 

Baker, John 8 

Baker, Euel 10, 11 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Baldwin, Aaron 10 

Barry, William 1 

Barnard, Chai'les 10 

Bai-tlett, Daniel, jr. 1 

Bartlett, Levi 7 

Bassett, Joseph 1 

Bassett, Francis 8 

Bates, Martin 2 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Battles, Jason D. 3 

Bazin, George W. 6 

Beal, Benjamin 5 

Belknap, John 7 

Bent, Adam 12 

Bemis, Charles 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betton, N. C. 1 

Bigelow, George T. 7 



Bigelow, John P. 9 

Bean, Aaron H. 10 
Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, WilHam 9 

Blanchard, A. W. 5 
Blanchard, Geo.D. B.2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 9 

Boles, John 3 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

BouiTie, Abner 8 

Boyd, John P. 2 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 
Bradford, W.B.See Note 

Bradford, Gamaliel 9 

Bradlee, David W. 8 

Bradlee, John E. 9 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah P. 7 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas, 11 
Brigham, Benajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, Geo. W. 11 

Brinley, George 10 
Brinley,Francisjr.9,10,7 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C. 8 

Brooks, William G. 7 

Brown, Prancis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryent, Walter 9 

BuUard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Bullard, Silas 8 
Burchstead, Benjamin 8 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

Boynton, James 1 

Boardman, Charles 5 

Bowker, John H. 1 

Brown, Charles 6 

Brown, Charles H. 9 

Brown. Asa 12 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 



Callender, Eichard 9 
Carlisle, George 12 
Chapin, David 7, 8 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Eichard B. 6 
Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Isaac, 11 

Cary Alpheus 12 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W. 6 
Chapman, Jonathan 6 
Chessman, Samuel 3 
Child, Stephen 12 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W. • 9 
Clark, James 3 

Clarke, Manlius S. 11 
Coffin, George W. 5 
Coffin, Nathaniel W. 7 
Cofran, George 3 

Collamore, -John, jr. 10 
Cook, Charles E. 9 
Cook, Zebedee, jr. 9 
Coolidge, Joseph 4 
Coolidge, William D. 5 
Copeland, Elisha,jr. 11 
Coney, Jabez 12 

Cornell, Walter 12 

Cowdin. Robert 11 

Crafts, John W. 12 
Crane, Horatio N. 12 
Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D. 12 
Critchet, Thomas 3 
Crockett, George W. 4 
Crosby, Frederick 5 
Crowniiashield, F. B. 4 
Cruft, Edward, jr. 8 
Cumings, B. N. 1,11 
Cunningham, A. jr. 4 
Cunningham, N. F. 5 
Curtis, Charles P. 7 
Curtis Thomas B. 4, 7 
Gushing, Henry W. 9 
Gushing, John 1 

Cutter Samuel L. 1 
Cutter, Ammi 4 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Games, William R. 2 
Cummings, Cyrus 3 
Calrow, Wm. H. 2 



D 

Dal), William, 



11 



INDEX . 



157 



Dorrance, Oliver B. 8 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Danforth, Isaac 7 

Dascomb, Tho's R. 10 

Davis, Henry, 2 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Derby, Elias H. 7 

Dexter, Franklin 9 
Dexter, John B. jr. 7, 8 
Dexter, Theodore, 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillaway, William 1 

Dimmock, John L. 8 
Dingley, John T. 11,12 

Dodd, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 1 1 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H. 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B. 12 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 9 

Dudley, James H. 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 
Dunham, Josiali,jr. 12 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Dutton, Henry W. 10 

Dyer, Ezra 5 

Dyer, John D. 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 

Denny, Daniel 8 

Dennison, James 10 

Davis, George 11 
Demerest, Sam'l C. 12 

E 

Eaton, William 1, 3 
Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G. 8 
Edmands, George W. 5 
Edwards, Henry 6, 7 
Elliot, John 1 

Ellis, Ebenezer 5 

Ellis, Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 
Emerson, Romanus 12 
Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, Joshua 3 
Emmons, John L. 10 
Erving, Edward S. 11, 9 
Eustis, William T. 4, 7 
Eveleth, Joseph 4, 5 
Everett, Otis 11 



F 

Farnsworth, Amos 3 
Farnum, Henry .; 4 
Faxon, Nathaniel 2 
Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Fay, Richard S. 10 
Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 
Fenno, John 2 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard N. 5 
Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Flint, Joshua B. 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Ford, William C. 4 
Follett, Dexter 3 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 
Foster, Wm. See Note. 
Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles, 1 

French, John 12 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, Sam'l. 1 1 
Frothingham, G. W. 1 1 
Fuller, Abraham W. 3 
Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

G 

Gardner, Francis 8 
Gardner, Henry J. 4 
Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L. 9, 10 
Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 
Gill, Perez 1 1 

Goddard, William 7 
Goodhue, Samuel 6 
Gordon, George W. 4 
Gore, Christopher 1 
Gould, Benjamin A. 9 
Gould, Frederick 1, 2 
Gould, Thomas 3 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gregg, Washington P. 4 
Grant, Moses 4 

Grajr, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John C. 9 

Greely, Phillip, jr. 5 
Green, John, jr. 11, 12 
Greenough, Wm. W. 4 
Grosvenor, L. P. 1, 4 
Guild, Samuel E. 11 



H 
Hall, Andrew T. 
Hallett, George 



Hammond, Nath'I 5 

Harding, William B. 12 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, jr. 12 

Hale, Theodore P. 11 

Harris, Leach 8 

Harrington, W. A. 8 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, E. P. 5 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B* 5 

Haskell, William 0. 3 
Haskell, Daniel N. 7, 8 
Hastings, Edmund T. 5 

Hastings, Joseph S. 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Haviland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hay den, William 10 

Hayward, Ebenezer 12 

Healy, John P. 7 

Hennessey, Edward 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hinckley, Holmes 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T. 7 

Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 11 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hooper, Henry N. 1 

Haughton, James 4 

Howard, Charles 11 
Howard, William H. 12 
Howard, Eieazer. See 

Note. 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N. 12 

Howe, Joseph N., jr. 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins, Ezra C. 7 

Hall, Samuel W. 4 

Hillard, George S. 6 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Hayward, James 8 

Haven, Calvin W. 11 

Holden, Joel M. 1 

Hovey, James G. 1 



Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T. 7 

James, Benjamin 12 
James, John W. 2, 4 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jewett, Darwin E. 4 



158 



INDEX 



Johnson, George W. 2 

Jones, Eliplialet 5 

Jones, Josiah M. 8 

Jones, Samuel 3 

Jones, Isaac 12 

Jones, Thomas 12 

Josselyn, Lewis 2 

Jewell, Harvey 4 

Jones, Peter C. 9 

K 

Keith, Eobert 1 

Kendall, Ezekiel 5 

Kendall, Thomas 5 
Kendall, Timothy C. 3 

Kent, Henry S. 2 

Kent, William V. 5 

Kimball, Benjamin 3 

Kimball, Daniel 10 

Kimball, Moses 10 

Kimball, Otis 10 

Kinsman, H.W. 11 



Lamb, Thomas _ 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 
Learnard, William H. 1 

Leavens, Simon D. 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M. 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W. 4 

Lewis, Joseph W. 6 

Lewis, Winslow 11 

Lewis, Winslow, jr. 10 

Libby, J. G. L. 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 
Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R. 3 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 10 

Lincoln, Noah, jr. 1 

Little, William, jr. 12 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G. 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Perez 5 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lovejoy, Pi.euben 10 
Lovejoy, William E. 1 

Lowell, John, jr. 10 
Littlchale, Sargent S. 4 
Lawrence, S.Abbott 4 

Lawrence. James 4 



Loud, Andrew J. 11 

M 
Mann, Nehemiah P. 12 
Marrett, Phillip 7, 11 
Marsh, Eobert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 

Marvin, Theophilus R. 7 
Maynard, Jesse 10 

McAllister, James 5 
McLellan, Geo. W. 11 
McLellan, Isaac, jr. 9 
Means, James 4, 7 

Merriam, Edward P. 5 
Meriam, Levi 9 

Messenger. Daniel 10 
Milton, Ephraim 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Manning, Francis C. 8 
Minot, Albert T. 11 
Moody, David 6 

Morey, George, jr. 11 
Morse, Elijah 7 

Mosely, David C. 10 
Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 
Munroe, James 2 

Munroe, Abel B. 1 

Merriam, Joseph W. 9 

Nazro, John G. 11 
Nevers, Benjamin M. 1 1 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph E. 8 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C. 1 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, GUbert 1 


Oliver, Francis J. 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J. 1 

Olney, Stephen W. 2 

Orne, Henry 2 

Orrok, James L. P. 3 

Otis, George W. 5 

Otis, George W. jr., 5 

Ober, John P. 1 

Oliver, Samuel P. 1 



Palmer, Julius A. 3 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 

Pase, Thaddeus 1,2 
Pame, E. T. 10,11 

Palfrey, William 1 

Park, John C. 5 

Parks, Luther 6 



Parker, Amos B. 3 
Parker, Benjamin 6 
Parker, Isaac 7 

Parker, John B. 7, 8 
Parker, William 5 

Parker, William 10 
Parker, Charles H. 6 
Parkman, William 1 
Parmlee, Asaph 1 1 
Parrott, William W. 8 
Peabody, Augustus 7 
Peabody, 0. W. B. 9 
Penniman, ScammeU 2 
Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S. 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S. 12 
Perrin, Payson 1 1 

Phelps, Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W. 10 
Phillips, John L, "11 
Phillips, Thomas W. 7 
Pickman Benj. T. 7 
Pierce, Josiah 10 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plympton, Henry 5 
Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 
Pollard, Abner W. 2 
Pope, Thomas B. 4 
Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G. .'j 

Prescott, Edward G. 9 
Prescott, William 9 
Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 
Prichard, Oilman 11 
Prouty, Joel 6 

Pope, William 11 

Putnam, John P. 6 



Quincy, Josiah, jr. 7 

E 

Eaymond,Freeborn F. 2 
Eaymond,Thacher E. 2 
Raymond, Zebina L. 1 
Eayner, John 4 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Eeed, Thomas 2 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, John"?. 10 

Richards, Francis 10, 9 
Richardson, Bill 11 
Richardson, Jeffrey 8 
Richardson, James B. 8 
Kichai-dson, Benj. P. 8 
Robbins, Edward H. 9 



INDEX 



159 



Koberts,JohnG. 11 
Eobinson, Simon W. 1 
Eoss, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 
Russell, Benjamin 8 
Eussell, John B. 9 

S- 
Sampson, Greo. E. 10, 5 
Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn,GreenleafC.ll 
Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See 

Note. 
Savage, George 11, 12 
Savage, James 8,10 
Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin, 4, 5 
Seaver, Joshua, jr. 6 
Seaver, Norman 9 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 
ShattuckjLemuel 10, 11 
Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shackford, Eichard 2 
Shaw, Eobert G. 4 

Shelton, Thomas J. 8 
Shelton, Stephen' 9, 10 
Shipley, Simon G. 3 
Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simonds, Alvan 12 
Simonds, Jonathan 10 
Simonds, William 5 
Slade, John, jr. 7 

Sloan, Samuel W. 12 
Smith, George W. 2, 3 
Smith, Joseph 12 

Sever, James W. 7, 9 
Snelling, Enoch H. 1 
Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B. 3 

Snow, Ephraim L. 5 
Spear William T. 3 
Spooner, William B. 4 
Sprague, Thomas 3 
Sprague, C. 10, 11, 12 
Sprague, William 3 
Starbuck, Charles C. 10 
Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stearns, Charles H. 1 
Stebbins, John B. 12 
Stedman, Josiah 11 
Stetson, Alpheus 12 
Stevens, Benjamin 12 
Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, John 6, 12 
Stevens, John 1 1 



Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stodder, Joseph 2 

Stone, Joseph 2 
Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 

Sturtivant, Noiih 4 

Sullivan, William 6 
Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Swett, Samuel 7 

Southard, Zibeon 12 

T. 
Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbell, Silas P. 4 

Thaxter, Jonathan 5 
Thaxter, Samuel 6 
Thayer, Elias B. 1 1 
Thayer, Gideon F. 7,10 
Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H. 8 
Thom, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F. 2 
Thompson, Erasmus 1 
Thompson, John 1 1 
Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 
Thompson, Thos. H. 1 
Thurston, Caleb 12 
Tillson, John 12 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 
Tombs, Michael 1 

Topliff, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 
Townsend, Isaac P. 12 
Townsend, Samuel E. 5 
Tracy, Charles ."> 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B. 1,2 
Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F. 2 
Tucker, Stephen 11 
Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner Otis, 1 1 

Tuttle, Jedediah 10 

U 

Upham, Henry 6 

Upham, Phineas 10 

Urann, Eichard 11 

V 
Vinson, Thomas M. 12 
Vose, Joshua 1 1 

Vose, Josiah 1 1 

Vose, Thomas 11 



W 
Wakefield, Enoch H. 3 
Wales, Thomas B. 10 
Wales, Samuel 10 

Ward, Artemas 3 

Ward, Samuel D. 7 
Ward, Thomas W. 7 
Ware, Ephraim G. 12 
Ware, Horatio G. 5 
Washburn, Cyrus 2 
Washburn, Calvin 5 
Washburn, W.E. P. 4 
Waters, Isaac 6 

Watts, Francis O. 8 
Weeks, William A. 8 
Wellington, Alfred A. 4 
Welles, John 9 

Wells, Charles I 

Wells, John B. 1,2 
Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 
Wheeler, Joseph 1 

Wheeler, Samuel 11, 12 
Wheelwright, George 5 
White, Warren 11, 12 
Whiting, James 3 

Whitney, Moses, jr. 9 
Whitney, William 9 
Whiton, James M. 4 
Whittemore, George 8 
Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H. 6 
Wilkinson, Simon 1 
Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 
Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 
Williams, Eliphalet 8 
Williams, Horace 6, 7 
Williams, Moses 12 
Williams, Samuel K. 8 
Willis, Benjamin 8 
Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M. 7 
Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winthrop, G. T. 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 
Woodman, George 10 
Wright, James 12 

Wright, John M. 5, 8 
Wright, William 6, 12 
Wright, Winslow 5 
Wyman, Abraham G. 5 

Y 
Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX. 



Aldermen, names and residences 


69 


Vacancies in, 


- 


21 


No choice of, 


- 


21 


Standing Committees of. 


75 


Chairman of, 


- 


21 


Adjournments, 


- 


5,16 


Appropriations, annual, 


- 


6 


Additions to, 


- 


6 


Transfers of. 


- 


6 


Amendments of motion. 


- 


- IQ 


of Questions, 


. 


10 


of Rules and Orders 




14 


Appeal to Council, 


- 


11 


JVccounts, Committee on. 


- 


72 


County, Committee 


on, 


75 


Assessors' Department, Commit- 




tee on, 


- 


72 


Assessors, and how chosen, 


&c., 


77 


Assistant,' 




77 


Ordinance, 


. 


52 


Assessment of Taxes, 


- 


52 


Auditor of Accounts, 


- 


77 


Assay Master, 


- 


87 


Advertising, &c. 


- 


81 


Amusements, 


- 


- 28, 38 



B 



By-laws, titles to, ... 5 

Ballot, election by, - - - 16 
Buildings, Public, . _ . 

Ordinance, - - - 45 

Committee on, - - 73 

Superintendent of, - - 83 

Births, registry of, ... 51 

Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 

Boston Harbor, Committee on, - 72 

Bridges, Committee on, - - 75 

Superintendents of, - 84 

Bells and Clocks, Committee on, - 75 

Board of Accounts, - - - 78 

Bark, &c.. Measurers of, - - 87 

Boats, &c.. Weighers of, - - 87 

Bundle Hay, Inspectors of - - 87 

Business, Order of, - - - 13 



■Cochituate Water Board, - - 60, 90 

Cpmmittees, 

not to act separately, - 6 
Joint records and 

reports of, - 6, 7, 15 

time allowed for reporting, 6, 15 

Powers and Duties, - 14 

Conference, - - - 5 



Coinmittees, 

Joint Standing, - - 3, 72 

Number of Members, - J5 

How appointed, - - 3, 15 

not to purchase, &c. - G7 

not to approve certain bills, 7 

of the Whole, - - 9, 14 

Standing, how appointed, 3, 15 

when not to sit, - - 15 

Chairmen of, - - 5, 15 

chosen by ballot, - - 3 

Chairman of, pro ten^., - 15 

Special, . . - 15 

Notice of meetings, - 15 

when to report, - - 15 

of Board of Aldermen, - 75 

Clerks, . - _ _ - 7] 

Chairmen of Committees, - - 15 

not to approve certain bills, 7 

of Board of Aldermen, - 21 

City Charter, - - - . 17 

City Debt, amount of, - - 115 

vote to increase, - - 6 

Committee on, - - 5, 72 

Communications, &c. - - 14 

Clerk of Council, duties, - - 16 

Coaches, Superintendent of, - 79 

County Commissioners, - - 28 

City Officers, times of choice, - 116 

not to sell, &c. - - 67 

and office hours, - - 42 

City Seal, ----- 37 

City Council, powers of, - - 29 

City Physician, - - . - 82 

Common Council, members of, - 69 

City Council, _ - - . 

former members, - 123 

Cemeteries, Committee on, - 75 

Coroners, ----- ■^'g 

Conferences, - . - - 5 

Contractors, Committees not to be, 67 
City Clerk, Salary, etc. - - 26, "1 

Duties, - - - 43 

County Accounts, Committee on, 75 

Common, etc. Committee on, - 75 

Ordinance, - - _ ^9 

Constables, . . - . gy 

Clocks, etc.. Committee on, - 75 

Court House, Keeper of - - 84 

Cullers of Fish, - - - - 87 

Hoops, etc. - - - 87 

City Crier, - . . - 87 

Charitable Institutions, - - 88 

Consulting Physicians, - - 82 



n 



Debt, City, - 

increase of, 
reduction of, - 
Committee on, 



115 

6 

5 

5,72 



162 



INDEX. 



Deaths, 1-egislry of, 
Division of Questions 
Drains, etc., Sup't of, 
Committee on, 
Decorum of Members, 
Duties of members, 
Doubted Votes, - . . 
Disagreement of two Boards, - 
Deputy Collectors, 



Excuses for not voting, 
Enrolment of Ordinances, 

Committee on. 
Expenditures, orders for. 
Elections by ballot, 

of City Officers, Times, 

Committee on. 
External Health, Committee on. 
Engines, officers and members, 
Engineer, City, . i . 

Assistant do. 
Engineers, pay, etc. 
Estates, valuation of. 
Exhibitions, Public, 



Fuel, Committee on, 
Finance. Committee on, 
Furnaces, etc., do. 
Faneuil Hall Market, 

Clerk of, 
Fire Department, - 

Committee on, 

Officers of. 
Fence Viewers, 
Field Drivers, 
Further time to report, - 
Fish, Cullers of, 
Fort Hill, Committee on, 
Funeral Undertakers, 



General Meetings, 
Government, City, 



H 

Harbor of Boston, 

Committee on. 
Harbor Master, - - - 
House of Correction 

Overseers, etc., of. 

Reformation, 

Industry, etc. 

Directors, etc. 
Hard Lumber, Surveyors of, 
Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of. 
Health Department, 

Board of, - - - 
Hay Weighers, _ . _ 
Hay, Inspection of. 
Highways, Surveyors of. 
Hoops and Staves, Cullers, 



51 

12 
83 
75 
11 
11 
9,13 
5 
77 



12 

44 

4,73 

6, 16 

16 

116 

14,76 

75 

84 

90 

90 

84 

115 

38 



Internal Health, Committee on, - 75 

Industry, House of, - - - 88 

Instruction, Public, Committee on, 73 

Inspectors of Prisons, - - - 81 

Interment of Dead, - - - 51 

Indefinite postponement, - - 10 
Institutions at South Boston, and 

Deer Island, Committee on 73 



Jail, New Committee on, - . 76 

Joint Kules and Orders, - - 3 

Joint Standing Committees, - - 72 

how composed, - - - 3 

records to be kept, - _ 6 

Chairman of - - _ 5 

reports of, - - - - 7 

Jailor, Deputy, - - - . 81 

Justices, Police Court, - - _ 78 



Lunatic Hospital , Visitors, - - 89 
Laying on the table, - - _ jo 
Licenses, Committee on, - - 73 
Lands, Public, Ordinances, Com- 
mittee on, - . - . 73 
Superintendent of, - - 83 
Lamps, number of, etc. - - - 83 
Lighters, pay, etc. - - 83 
Committee on, - - _ 75 
Superintendent of, - . 83 
Lumber, Surveyors of, - - - 86 
Lime, Inspectors of, - - - 8i 
Leather, Measurer of, - - - 87 
Library, Public, <;omm)ttee on, - 74 





Motions fo be in writing. 


. 


12 




withdrawn. - - - 


_ 


10 


36 


Members, rights and duties of. 


_ 


Jl 


69 


Members not to speak more 


than 






twice, - . - 


- 


11 




not to stand up, - 


_ 


12 




not to be interrupted, - 


- 


1) 




not to be on more than 


two 






Committees, 


_ 


12 


72 


not to be named, - 


_ 


14 


84 


all to vote, - - . 


- 


12 




two or more rising. 


_ 


II 


88 


interested. 




12 


88 


Messages to Mayor and Aldermen, 


16 


88 


Mayor, vacancy of, 


- 


20 


88 


no choice of, - 


20 


22 


8/ 


election of, - 




20 


89 


Main question, - - - 


- 


10 


81 


Memorials etc , 


_ 


14 


31 


Market, Committee on. 


_ 


75 


87 


Clerks and assistants of, 




83 


87 


Mahogany, etc.. Surveyors of, 


- 


86 


28 


Municipal Court, officers of, - 




78 


87) 


Messenger to City Council, - 


16 


71 



INDEX. 



163 



Meetings of Committees, notice of 15 

Marriages, etc.. Registry of, - - 51 

Marsiial, how chosen, etc., - 41,78 

Measurers of Wood, Bark, etc. - 87 

Municipal Year, - - - - 25 

N 

Notice to Committees, - - - 15 

Newspapers taken by City, - - 81 

Night Police, - - - - _ 79 

No debate, - - - . 10, 12 

O 

Oaths of office, - - - - 25 

Order of business, - - - - 13 

Orders, titles of, - - - - 6 

to have two readings, - - 15 

Ordinances, titles of, - - - 6, 44 

reading of, - - - - 15 

to be enrolled, - - . 44 

Committee on, - - - 73 

Overseers of the Poor, - - - 89 

Oak Lumber, etc.. Surveyors of, - 87 

Order, questions of, - - - 10 

Officers, election of, time, &.C., - 1J6 

not to sell, &c., - - . 67 I 

and office hours, - - _ 42 1 

Orators of Boston, - - - . 117 



Primary Schools, - - - 
Police Department, 
Committee on. 
Court, - - - - 
Bay, - - - - 
Night, - - - - 
Paving, etc.. Committee on, - 
Prisons, Inspectors of, - 
Physician, Port, and City, 

Consulting, - - - 
Priority of business, 
Pound Keepers, - - . 
Personal Estate, valuation of. 
Population of the City, - 
President of the Council, 
Rights and duties of. 
Absence of, - 
Substitution of, 
to call to order. 
Physicians, Consulting, Port, 
Previous Ciuestion, 
Public Buildings, 

Ordinance, - - - 
Superintendent of. 
Committee on. 
Public Lands, Ordinance, 
Superintendent of 
Committee on, 
squares, &c.. 
Poor, Overseers of, 
Personalities, - - - - 
Postponement, - - - 

Petitions, etc., - - - 

Printing, etc., Committee on. 
Public Instruction, Com. on. 



Questions propounded, 
Under debate, 



78 
75 
78 
79 
79 
76 
81 
81,82 
82 
13 
87 

- 115 

- 116 

, 10, 12 
11 
9 
11 

82 
10 

45 
83 
73 
48 
83 
73 
39 
89 
11 
10 
14 
73,81 
73 



Questions of order. 
Questions, Division of, - 

Laying on the Table, - 
Quarantine Island, Keeper, - 

R 

Rules and Orders, - - - 
Joint, - - - - 
Common Council, 
Suspension of. 
Repeal or amendment of. 
Breach of, - - - 
Reduction City Debt, 
Committee on. 
Resolves, what are. 
Records of Committees - 
Reports, Clerks to make copies, 
to be in writing, - 
Joint, - . . _ 
agreed to by Committee, 
time allowed. 
Reconsideration, . - - 
Reading of papers, - - - 
Real Estate, valuation of 
Reference of questions, - 
Recommitment, - . . 
Reformation, House of, - 
Registrar, City, - - - 
Water, - - . - 
Registry of Births, etc., - 
Rainsford Island, Keeper, 



S 



Standing Committees, 

Joint, - - . - 
how chosen, - - - 
Members of, - 
Chairman of, ^ 
Meetings, how called, - 
of Mayor and Aldermen, 
to keep Records, - 
Sums, and times, votes on. 
Suspension of Rules, etc.. 
Striking out, - - - - 
Seats of Members, - - - 
Special Committees, 
Sewers and Drains, 
Committee on. 
Superintendent of. 
Salaried Officers, how chosen. 
Solicitor, City, * - - 

Steam Engines, Committee on. 
Streets and Ways, Committee on. 

Superintendent of. 
Surveyors of Highways, - 
Staves, etc., cullers of, - 
Seal of City, - - - - . 
Sheriffs, etc., - - - - ■ 
Select Committees, 
Substitution of President, 
Sealers of Weights and Measures, 
Schools, - - . . 

Committee, - - - 
Instructers, - - - 
Primary, - - _ ■ 



Transfers of Appropriations 
10 Times and sums, votes on, 
10 Taxes, Ordinance, - 



10 
12 
10 

82 



- 3,9 

3 

9 

14 

14 

12 

72 

6 

6 

7 

7 

6 

6 

6 

11 

14,15 

• 113 

13 

13 

88 

50,82 

60 

50,82 

82 



3,72 
11 
72 

5, 15 
15 
75 
6 
10 
14 
13 
13 
15 

75 
83 
16 

77 
76 
75 
83 
83 
87 
37 
78 
15 
9 
87 
92 
91 
93 



164 



INDEX. 



Taxes, for last six years, - - 112 

Treasury Department, - - - 77 

Committee on, - - . 74 

Titles to ordinances, etc, , - - 6, 44 

Trucks, etc.. Superintendent of, - 79 

Two thirds vote, - - - _ 14 

members rising, - - . n 

readings, - - - - 15 

Truants, 55^80 



Undertakers, - - - 
Upper Leather, Measurer of. 



Votes, one fifth, - - . 

two thirds, - - _ 
Votes, doubted, - . . 

of all required. 
Voters qualified, - - - 
Violation of Rules and Order's, 



87 



10 
14 
• 9,13 
12 
24,35 
12 



W 

Water Department, - . . 90 

Registrar, - - . . gg 

Committee on, - - _ 74 

Ordinance, - - . . 60 

Ward Officers, ^ - _ . io9 

Officers, duties of, - - 18 

Meetings, - - _ . 35 

Wards, Boundaries of, - - . 55 

Officers, attending, . . go 

Widening streets, Committee on, - 75 

Watch department, - - - 81 

Wood, etc., Measurers of, . . 87 

Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, - - - . 87 

Withdrawing motions, - - - 10 

Wagons and Trucks, Sup't of, - 79 

Weighers and Measurers, - - 87 



Yeas and Nays, 



, f 



f , 



mM