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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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MUNICIPAL HEGISTEII 



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CONTAINING 



RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL, 



CITY CHARTER AND RECENT ORDINANCES, 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



18 5 2. 



BOSTON: 
185 2. 

J. H. EASTBURN, CITY PRINTER. 
PUBLIC 



^ 






CITY OF BOSTON 



JOINT EULES AND O H D E K S 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall be 
chosen by ballot, viz : 

A Committee on Finance — 

To consist of the Mayor and seven members of the 
Common Council ; 

A Committee on Accounts — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of the 
Common Council. 

And the following shall be appointed, viz : 

A Committee on the Public Lands — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil ; 

A Committee on Public Buildings — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil ; 



Joint Rules of the City Council. 



A Committee on Public Instruction — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and tlie Presi- 
dent and four members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Institutions at South Boston and 
on Deer Island — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five mem- 
bers of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Fuel — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council -, 

A Committee on Water — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five mem- 
bers of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Treasury Department — 

To consist of two Aldermen, and three members of the 
Common Council; 

A Committee on the Assessors' Department — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Boston Harbor — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Printing — 

To consist of one member of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and two members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on a Public Library — 

To consist of the Mayor and two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Ordinances — 

To consist of three Aldermen, and five members of 
the Common Council. 

On all Joint Committees, wherein it is provided that 
the Mayor shall be a member, in case of the non-elec- 



Joint Rules of the Oity Council. 



tion, decease, inability, or absence of that officer, the 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen shall act ex-officio. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Standing 
Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their respec- 
tive Boards. 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, and 
the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the part of 
the Common Council, shall, according to the ordinance, 
constitute the Committee on the Reduction of the City 
Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named on 
every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman j and in case of his resig- 
nation or inability, the other members of the same Board, 
in the order in which they are named, and after them, 
the member of the Common Council, first in order, shall 
call meetings of the Committee and act as Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Confer- 
ence, and the other Board shall also appoint a Committee 
to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient hour, to 
be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and state to 
each other verbally or in writing, as either shall choose, 
the reasons of their respective Boards, for and against 
the matter in controversy, confer freely thereon, and re- 
port to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence shall 
be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall ad- 
journ. 



Joint Utiles of the City Council. 



Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed "Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Common Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches of 
the City Council express any thing by way of Command, 
the form of expression shall be " Ordered ; " and when- 
ever, either or both branches express oinnions, 'princiioles, 
factSi ov purposes, the form shall be "Resolved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, after the annual order of appropriations shall have 
been passed, no subsequent expenditures shall be author- 
ized for any object, unless provision for the same shall be 
made by special transfer from some of the appropriations 
contained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt ; in the latter of which cases, the 
order shall not be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole 
number of each branch of the City Council shall vote in 
the affirmative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriation specially made 
therefor, it shall be the duty of the Committee having 
such subject in charge to submit the same to the City 
Council for instructions before such contract is made and 
signed, or any expenditure for the object is made. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided by 
the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act by 
separate consultations, and no report shall be received, 
unless agreed to in Committee actually assembled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 



Joint Rules of the City Oouncil. 



mitteGj to whom any subject may be specially referred, to 
report thereon withm four weeks, or to ask for further 
time. 

Sect. 1 1 . All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on the 
reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the Com- 
mittee of either branch. All reports shall be signed by 
the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairmen thereof 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall audit 
or approve any bill or account against the City, for any 
supplies or services, which shall not have been ordered or 
authorized by the Committee. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Potvers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour, to which the Council shall have adjourned ; 
shall call the members to order ; and on the appearance 
of a quorum, cause the minutes of the preceding meeting 
to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other members ; 
and shall decide all questions of order, subject to an appeal 
to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; and no 
other business shall be in order till the question on the 
appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a re- 
turn of the members voting in the affirmative, and in the 
negative, without further debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go into 
a Committee of the Whole, the President shall appoint the 
member who shall take the chair. The President may at 
any other time, call any member to the chair, but such 
substitution shall not continue beyond an adjournment. 



10 Fades and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, the 
President shall take the sense of the Council by yeas and 
nays, provided one fifth of the members present shall so 
require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order, in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, that 
in naming sums and fixing times, the largest sum and 
longest time, shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the Presi- 
dent, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the .Coun- 
cil, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover may 
withdraw it at any time before a decision or amendment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the Presi- 
dent shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay on the 
table, for the previous question, to postpone to a day cer- 
tain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone indefinitely ; 
which several motions shall have precedence in the order 
in which they stand arranged ; and a motion to strike out 
the enacting clause of an Ordinance shall be equivalent 
to a motion to postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order ; and that motion, and the 
motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect, 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question he now put ? " — 
and all debate upon the main question shall be suspended 
until the previous question shall be decided. After the 
adoption of the previous question, the sense of the Coun- 
cil shall forthwith be taken upon amendments reported 
by a Committee, upon all pending amendments and then 
upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member shall 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 11 

speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, shall be decided without debate, except 
on an appeal ; and on such an appeal, no member shall 
be allowed to speak more than once without leave of the 
Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to rise 
at once, the President shall name the member who is first 
to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and an- 
nounced by the President, unless otherwise provided for, 
or specially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and pre- 
side until a President pro tempore shall be chosen by 
ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first trial, 
on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the President ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid personali- 
ties ; and shall sit down when he has finished. No mem- 
ber shall speak out of his place, without leave of the Presi- 
dent. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising up to call to order. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice on 
one question, without first obtaining leave of the Council ; 
nor more than once, until the other members, who have 
not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. "When a vote has passed, it shall be in order 
for any member who voted in the majority, to move a re- 
consideration thereof, at the same or the succeeding meet- 



12 Rules mid Orders of the Common Council. 

ing, but not afterward ; and when a motion for reconsid- 
eration is decided, that vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman of 
more than one. 

Sect, 22. No member shall be permitted to stand up 
to the interruption of another, while any member is speak- 
ing • or to pass unnecessarily between the President and 
the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, he 
may, on motion, be required by the Council to make satis- 
faction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not be 
allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, till 
he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his pri- 
vate right is immediately concerned, distinct from the 
public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council for special reasons, 
shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any 
question, must be made before the Council is divided, or 
before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such appli- 
cation shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the 
reasons, and shall be decided on without debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of a 
question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion to 
strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; but a 
motion to strike out, being lost, shall not pre elude amend- 
ment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 



I 



Utiles and Orders of the Common Council 13 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject dif- 
ferent from that under consideration, shall be admitted 
under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and Reports may be committed or 
recommitted, at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Mayor and Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers. 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memorials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Council 
present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the President, 
shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the question 
shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined in the pres- 
ence of the Council, by drawing the names of members, 
and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; and each 
member shall be entitled for the year, to the seat bearing 



14 Rules and Orders of the Common Council 

the number so drawn against Ms name ; and shall not 
change it except by permission of the President. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name, in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two thirds of 
the members present consent thereto. 

Petitions, Memorials, ^c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council, shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his place, 
and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or such other 
person as the President may request j and shall be taken 
up in the order in which they are presented, except when 
the Council shall otherwise determine -, provided, that the 
reading of petitions, memorials, remonstrances, and papers 
of a like nature, shall in all instances be dispensed with, 
unless specially ordered by the Council. 

Poivers and Duties of Committees. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, shall 
be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as they are 
applicable, excepting the rule limiting the times of speak- 
ing ; but no member shall speak twice upon any question, 
until every member choosing to speak, has spoken. A 
motion to rise, report progress and ask leave to sit again, 
shall be first in order, and shall be decided without de- 
bate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 15 

Keturns shall be appointed at the commencement of the 
municipal year, and shall consist of five members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the sessions 
of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, shall 
be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by the 
direction of the President ; they shall organize at their 
first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and shall re- 
port the same to the Council ; and members on the part 
of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as aforesaid, 
shall choose a Chairman at their first meeting, and report 
to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Committee, 
unless otherwise provided for, the member first named shall 
be Chairman, and in his absence the member next in order, 
who shall be present, shall be Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be enti- 
tled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twent3^-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees, to keep record of their doings, in books provided 
by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances^ Orders, ^c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 



16 Rules and Orders of the Common Council 

passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Eesolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 
and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall have 
more than one reading on the same day ; ^:'roa;/(:/^<i' how- 
ever, that nothing herein contained shall prevent the 
passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, to 
authorize the printing of any document relating to the 
aiFairs of the City. 

Elections^ Sfc. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of the 
Council, the number of blanks, and ballots for ineligible 
persons, shall be reported, but shall not be counted in the 
returns. 

Sect. 50. All salary of&cers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Clerk, Sfc. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such orders 
and resolutions, as are adopted, — shall notice Reports, 
Petitions, Memorials and other papers which are present- 
ed, — and shall enter all accepted Reports of Select Com- 
mittees of the Council, at length in a separate journal, to 
be kept for that purpose, and provided with an index, — 
shall draw up all messages to the Mayor and Aldermen, 
and send them by the Messenger, and shall attend the 
meetings of Committees of the Council, and make their 
records when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not leave 
their places on adjournment, until the President shall de- 
clare the Council adjourned. 



17 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

I. By an act of the legislature of Massachusetts, passed corporate name 

•^ ® ' '- and general 

on the twenty-third day of February, eighteen hundred and Pg"''^^,^,^ . 
twenty-two, it was provided that the inhabitants of the 
town of Boston for all purposes, for which towns were by 
law incorporated in this commonwealth, should continue to 
be one body politic, in fact and in name, under the style 
and denomination of the City of Boston, and as such should 
have, exercise and enjoy, all the rights, immunities, powers 
and privileges, and should be subject to all the duties and 
obligations, then incumbent upon and appertaining to said fhTch'aner.™^"* 
town, as a municipal corporation. The legislature reserved ^'''^' ^ "^''• 
the right to amend or alter this act whenever they might 
deem it expedient ; and it was to be void unless the inhabi- uie^dfizenl!^ ^^ 
tants of the town at a legal meeting should determine to Boston ^Records, 
adopt the same within twelve days. It was adopted on the i pick.'RepfW 
fourth day of March in the same year, and the town imme- 
diately became a Qiij. 

II. The administration of all the fiscal, prudential, and other'^cu^offi^"'^ 
municipal concerns of the city, with the conduct and gov- ^^^\' ^^^ ^ 
ernment thereof, is vested in one principal officer, to be 

styled the mayor, one select council, consisting of eight per- 
sons, to be denominated the board of aldermen, and one 
more numerous council to consist of forty-eight persons, to 
be denominated the common council ; which boards in their 
joint capacity are denominated the city council — together 
■with such other board of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

III. By the second section of the city charter it was Division into 

■^ '' twelve wards. 

made the duty of the selectmen of Boston, as soon as might 1821, 110, 5 2. 
be after the passing of the act, to cause a new division of 
the town to be made into twelve wards, in such manner as 
to include an equal number of inhabitants in each ward, as 
nearly as conveniently might be, consistently with well de- 
fined limits ; including, in such computation of nmnbers of 



18 CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 

inhabitants, persons of all descriptions, and taking the last 
census, made under the authority of the United States, as 
a basis for such computation. Power was given to the city 
council, from time to time, not oftener than once in ten 
years, to alter such divisions of wards, in such manner as to 
Each ward to in. prcscrve as nearly as might be, an equal number of inhabi- 

clude an equal ^ . "^ ° ' • • i 

number of tauts m each ward. This last provision has recently been 

voters 

1850, 167, $ 1. amended, to the effect, that the division of the city into 
council, April wards is to be so made as to include an equal number of 

29,1850. City , ^ , , ^ ^ 

Eecords, vol. 28, legal voteTS m each ward. 

p. 160. '^ 

Annual Munici- IV. On the secoiid Monday of December annually, the 
1821, 110, « 3, citizens quahfied to vote in city affairs are required to meet 

1894,49 § 1. ... . . 

(Adopted by the withiu their respoctivo wards, at such time and place as the 

inhabitants, Feb. . , - in- i t , n 

25, 1895. Boston may Or and aldermen may by their warrant direct and ap- 
p. 505 ' ' ' point ; and the said citizens shall then choose by ballot one 
Warden and warden and one clerk, who shall be resident in said ward, 

clerk. , ' . ' 

who shall hold their offices for one year, and until others 
are appointed in their stead. It shall be the duty of the 
warden to preside at all meetings of the citizens of the ward 
and to preserve order therein. It shall be the duty of the 
clerk to make a fair and true record, and keep an exact 
journal of all the acts and votes of the citizens, at the ward 
meetings ; to deliver over such records and journals, together 
with all other documents and papers held by him, in his said 
Absence of war- capacity, to his succcssor in office. In case of the absence 

den or other offi- j. ^ ■■ 

cers. of the warden at the opening of any annual meeting it shall 

be the duty of the clerk to call the citizens to order and 

preside until a warden is chosen by ballot.^ If at any other 

meeting the warden be absent, the clerk is to preside until 

a moderator or warden pro tempore shall be chosen, which 

may be done by nomination and hand vote if the clerk so 

1845, 217, §3, direct. The act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, provides, however, 

council, Oct. 6, that ill caso of the absence of any or either of the ward offi- 

cords, vol. 23, ccrs at any meeting, for elections, or other purposes, such 

office may be filled pro tempore, by the legal voters jDresent, 

3 This Wiis the original provision in the charter, but the fair inference 
from the act of 1845, ch. 217, §3, which is incorporated in the text, is, 
that any ward office in case of absence may be filled j)ro tempore, by nomi- 
nation and hand vote, if the voters present so determine. 



CITY CHARTEK AND AMENDMENTS. 19 

v/hich may be done by nomination and hand votes, if the 

voters present so determine. At the same meeting five in- inspectors. 

specters of elections are to be chosen for the ward, being 

residents therein, by ballot, to hold their offices for one 

year. It shall be the duty of the warden and inspectors in 

each ward, to receive, sort, count, and declare all votes, at 

all elections within such ward. And the warden, clerk, and warden, cierk, 

' ' ana inspectors 

inspectors, so chosen, shall respectively be under oath, faith- to be under oath, 
fully and impartially to discharge their several duties, rela- 
tive to ail elections ; which oath may be administered, by 
the clerk of such ward, to the warden, and by the latter to 
the clerk and inspectors, or by any justice of the peace of 
the county of Suffolk ; and a certificate of such oath's hav- 
ing been administered shall be entered in the record or 
journal, to be kept by the clerk of such ward. 

V. The warden, or other presidins; officer of a ward Power of war- 

' ■■■ "^ . den to preserve 

meeting, shall have full power and authority to preserve or- order, 
der and decorum therein, and to repress all riotous, tumult- 
uous, and disorderly conduct therein, and for that purpose 
call to his aid any constable, or other peace officer, and 
also to command the aid and assistance of any citizen or 
citizens, who may be present : and any peace officer, or 
other citizen, neglecting or refusing to afford sucL aid, shall 
be taken and deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor. The 
warden shall also have power and authority, by warrant, 
under his hand, to cause any person or persons who shall 
be guilty of any riotous, tumultuous, or disorderly conduct 
at such meeting, to be taken into custody, and restrained ; 
Provided, koivever, that such restraint shall not continue Provisoes, 
after the adjournment or dissolution of such meeting : And 
Provided, further, that the person, so guUty of such disor- 
derly conduct, shall be liable, notwithstanding such restraint, 
to be prosecuted and punished, in the same manner, as if 
such arrest had not been made. 

VI. The citizens qualified to vote in city afiairs, at their f^^''^°'^ °^ 
respective ward meetings, to be held on the second Monday i^w, §5. 

in December annually, shall be called upon to give in their (Adopted by in- 

J ' J- o _ . habitants, Feb. 

votes for one able and discreet person, being an inhabitant |5, 1835. Boston 

■•■ 7 o Records, vol. 10, 

of the city, to be mayor of said city, for the term of one p-sop.)^ 



20 CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 

year. And all the votes so given in, in each ward, being 
sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and inspectors 
of elections, shall be recorded at large, by the clerk, in 
open ward meeting: and in making such declaration and 
record, the whole number of votes or ballots, given in, shall 
be distinctly stated, together with the name of every per- 
son voted for, and the number of votes given for each per- 
son respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in words 
at length : and a transcript of such record, certified and 
authenticated by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors of elections for each ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by such ward clerk, to the clerk of 
the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk, forth- 
with to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, upon the 
journal of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
some other book to be kept for that purpose. And it shall 
be the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together 
within two days after such election, and to examine and 
compare all the said returns, and to ascertain whether any 
person has a majority of all the votes given for mayor ; and 
in case a majority is so given, it shall be their duty to give 
notice thereof, in writing, to the person thus elected, and 
also to make the same known to the inhabitants of said city. 
No choice. But if, ou such Said examination no person appears to have 
a majority of all the votes given for mayor, the mayor and 
aldermen for the time being, shall issue their warrants for 
meetings of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, 
at such time and place, as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects, as 
are herein before directed, until a mayor shall be chosen by 
Decease, inabiii- a majority of all the voters voting at such elections. And 
mayor! ^^""^^ ° in casc of the decease, inability, or absence of the mayor, 
and the same being declared and a vote passed by the al- 
dermen and common council, respectively, declaring such 
cause, and the expediency of electing a mayor, for the time 
being, to supply the vacancy thus occasioned, it shall be 
lawful for the aldermen and common council to meet in con- 
vention, and elect a mayor to hold the said office until such 
occasion shall be removed, or until a new election. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 21 

VII. Whenever, on examination by the mayor and al- Proceedings in 

. caseof no choice 

dermen of the returns of votes given lor mayor at the meet- of mayor before 

iiin ^1 f 1 • 1 "^® cominence- 

mgs 01 the wards holden lor the purpose oi electmg that mentofthemu- 
officer, last preceding the first Monday of January, in each jsso.V, $ i." 

-U 11 4-1, ' -L c ^^ ., (Adopted by citi- 

year, no person shall appear to have a majority ot all the zens, June le, 

, . „ ,, 111 11 J830. Boston 

votes given tor mayor, the mayor and aldermen, by whom Records, vol. lo, 
such examination is made, shall make a record of that fact, ^' 
an attested copy of which it shall be the duty of the city 
clerk to produce and read, on the first Monday of January, 
in the presence of the members returned to serve as alder- 
men and common councilmen ; and thereupon the oaths 
prescribed by law may be administered to the members elect 
by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial court, or 
any judge of any court of record holden in said city, or by 
any justice of the peace for the county of Sufiblk ; and 
thereupon the members of the board of aldermen shall pro- 
ceed to elect a chairman, and the common council a presi- 
dent, in their respective chambers, and being respectively 
organized, shall proceed to business in the same manner as 
is provided in the seventeenth section below, in case of the 
absence of the mayor : — and the board of aldermen shall 
forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of the citizens 
of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, at such 
time and place as they shall judge most convenient ; and 
the same proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as are 
directed in and by the provisions of the preceding section 
and repeated from time to time, until a mayor shall be 
chosen, by a majority of all the voters voting at such elec- 
tions. 

VIII. In case any person elected mayor of the city Refusal of may- 
shall refuse to accept the ofiice, the same proceedings shall "slo^r^^sf"^' 
be had in all respects, as are herein before directed in cases ' ' 
wherein there has been no choice of mayor, until a mayor 

be chosen by a majority of votes. And in case of the una- Absence of may- 
voidable absence by sickness or otherwise, of the mayor °^ ^ ^*^'* 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the city government 
shall organize itself in the mode herein before provided, and 
may proceed to business in the same manner as if the may- 
or were present, 



22 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

Proceedings in IX. Whenever it shall appear, by the regular returns 

case no mayor is. s. i. / </ o 

chosen, or a full of the elections of the city officers, that a mayor has not 

board of alder- « , i i » , i / 

men is not been choson, or that a full board oi aldermen has not been 
1845, 217, 5 1. elected, such of the board of aldermen, whether they con- 

(Adopted by city ... , ' , , ' , / ., . 

council, Oct. 6, stituto a Quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall is- 

1845. City Re- , . . , ,. r. i i • V 

cords, vol. 23, p. suo their warrant, m usual form, lor the election oi a may- 
or, or such members of the board of aldermen as may be 
necessary, and the sdme proceedings shall be had and re- 
peated, until the election of a mayor and aldermen shall be 
completed, and all vacancies be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a mayor nor any alderman shall be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, and after 
the powers of the former mayor, and mayor and. aldermen. 

In case neither shall havo ccasod, it shall be the duty of the president of 

a mayor nor any ml- i- ^ • lt 

alderman is tJie commou council, to issuo his Warrant, m the same man- 

elected. 

ner as the board of aldermen would have done, if elected, 
and the same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor, or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Who is to dis- X, In casc of the non-election of a mayor, the chair- 
charge the . d ' 
duties when no man of the board of aldermen shall discharge all the duties 

mayor is elected. _ ... 

1S45, 217, $ 4. incumbent on the mayor of the city, prescribed by the city 
charter, 'or any other law, or any ordinance of the city, 
which now or hereafter may be required of him, until a 
mayor shall be chosen and duly sworn to the discharge of 
his duties ; and such chairman, with the board of aldermen, 
shall discharge all the duties incumbent on the mayor and 
aldermen. 

Election of ai- XI. The citizcus ill their respective ward meetings, to 

dermen. •■■ '-' ^ 

1821, 110, § 6. \)Q held on the second Monday of December, annually, shall 

1824, 49, 5 1. _ . "^ ' -^ ' 

(Adopted by citi- be Called upon to give in their votes for eia-ht persons, be- 

zens, Feb. 25, . . , , . o 1 ? 

1825. Boston mg inhabitants of said city, to constitute the board of alder- 
Records, vol. 10, ° . '' ^ 

p. 505.) men, for the ensuing year ; and all the votes so given, be- 

ing sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and in- 
spectors shall be recorded at large by the clerk, in open 
ward meeting ; and in making such declaration and record, 
the whole number of votes or ballots given in shall be par- 
ticularly stated, together with the name of every person 
voted for, and the number of votes given for each person ; 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 23 

and a transcript of such record, certiiSed by the -warden, 
and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of each ward, 
shall, bj the said clerk, within two days, be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings shall be 
had, to ascertain and determine the persons chosen as al- 
dermen, as are herein before directed in regard to the 
choice of mayor, and for a new election, in case of the 
whole number required not being chosen at the first elec- 
tion. And each alderman, so chosen, shall be duly notified 
in writing of his election by the mayor and aldermen for 
the time being. 

XII. In case of the death or resignation of any mem- Death or resig- 
ber of the board of aldermen, the citizens of Boston shall n.en. 

have power to fill such vacancy, at any regular meeting 
that may thereafter be convened for that purpose. 

XIII. Whenever it shall appear to the mayor and al- vacancy in 
dermen, that there is a vacancy in either the board of al- men, common 

T • n •! • n ,1 •, council, or Other 

dermen, or m the common council, or m any oi the city or offices 

]845 217 5 2. 

ward offices, it shall be the duty of the mayor and alder- (Accepted "by 
men to issue their warrant for elections, in due form, to fill e, J845. city Re- 
all such vacancies in each and all of the said boards and 406.^ ' '^' 
offices, at such time and place as in their judgment may be 
deemed advisable. 

XIV. The citizens of each ward, qualified to vote as Election of com- 

' '- mon council. 

aforesaid, at their respective ward meetinofs, to be held on 18-21,110, §7. 

-■■ ^ ' 1824, 49, § 1. 

the second Monday of December annually, shall be called (Adopted by citi- 

*'. - ./ 7 zens, Feb. 25, 

upon to give in their votes for four able and discreet men, i«-5. Boston Ke- 

^ . . ^ . , ' cords, vol. 10, p, 

being inhabitants of said ward, to be members of the com- ^oo ) 
mon council ; and all the votes given in as aforesaid, in 
each ward, being sorted, counted, and declared by the war- 
den and inspectors, if it appear that four persons have a 
majority of all the votes given at such election, a public de- 
claration thereof, with the names of the persons so chosen, 
shall be made in open ward meeting, and the same shall be 
entered at large, by the clerk of such ward, in his journal, 
stating particularly the whole number of votes given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, and the number actu- 
ally given for each of the persons, so declared to be chosen. 



24 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

No choice. But, in case four persons, are not chosen at the first ballot, 
a new ballot shall be opened for a number of common coun- 
cilmen, sufficient to complete the number of four ; and the 
same proceedings shall be had, as before directed, until the 
number of four shall be duly chosen. Provided, liowever, 
that if the said elections cannot conveniently be completed 

Adjournment, on such day, the same may be adjourned to another 
day, for that purpose, not longer distant than three days. 

Certificate of And eacli of the persons so chosen as a member of the com- 

elections. . ■*• 

mon council, in each ward, shall, within two days of his 
election, be furnished with a certificate thereof, signed by 
the warden, clerk and a majority of the inspectors of such 
ward ; which certificate shall be presumptive evidence of 
the title of such person to a seat in the common council ; 
Council siiaii de- but such couucil, howcvcr, shall have authority to decide 

cide questions . i i- i n t c • 

of elections, &:c. ultimately upon all questions relative to the quantications, 
elections, and returns of its members. 



auaiifications of XV. Evcrv male citizen of twenty-one years of age and 

voters at muni- ^ , "^ "^ " 

cipai elections, upwards, cxccpting paupors, and persons under guardian- 
1821, 110, § 8. ship, who shall have resided within the commonwealth one 
year and within the city six months next preceding any 
meeting of citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid by himself 
or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, 
which, within two years next preceding such meeting, shall 
have been assessed upon him, in any town or district in this 
commonwealth, and also every citizen who shall be by law, 
exempted from taxation, and who shall be in all other re- 
spects qualified as above mentioned, shall have a right to 
vote at such meeting, and no other person shall be entitled 
to vote at such meeting. 

Commencement XVI. Tho mavor, aldermcn, and common councilmen, 

of municipal . , . . 

year. chosou as aforcsaid, shall enter on the duties of their re- 

1821,110, $9. ' 

1824, 49, § 2. spective offices on the first Monday of J anuary, and before 

(Adopted by citi- '^ • i i • i i 

zens, Feb. 25, entcrinai; on the duties of their offices, shall respectively be 

1825. Boston ^ , . ' i i f« «- 

Records, vol. 10, swom, by taMug the oath of allegiance and oath of office, 

p. 505.) ' -^ ° . . V 

prescribed in the constitution of this commonwealth, and an 
Oath of Office, oath to support the constitution of the United States. And 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 25 

such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, by any 
one of the justices of the supreme judicial court, or any 
judge of any court of record, commissioned to hold any such 
court, within the said city, or by any justice of the peace 
for the county of Suffolk. And such oaths shall and may 
be administered to the aldermen and members of the com- 
mon council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn as 
aforesaid ; and a certificate of such oaths having been taken 
shall be entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council, respectively by their respective 
clerks. ^ 

Xyil. The mayor and aldermen, thus chosen and qual- Mayor and aider- 

•n 1 1 11 1 T Tin- 1 L 1 men to compose 

ined, shall compose one board, and shall sit and act together one board, 
as one body, at all meetings, of which the mayor, if present, see also i84.V 
shall preside ; but in his absence, the board may elect a i846, so.' 
chairman, for the time being. The said board, together 
with the common council, in convention, shall have power 
to choose a clerk, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- city cierk. 
charge of the duties of his ofiice, who shall be chosen for 
the term of one year, and until another person is duly 
chosen to succeed him; removable, however, at the pleasure 
of the mayor and aldermen ; who shall be denominated the 
clerk of the city, and whose duty it shall be to keep a jour- His powers and 
nal of the acts and proceedings of the said board, composed 
of the mayor and aldermen ; to sign all warrants issued by 
them, and to do such other acts in his said capacity, as 
may, lawfully and reasonably, be required of him ; and to 
deliver over all journals, books, papers, and documents en- 
trusted to him as such clerk, to his successor in office, im- 
mediately upon such successor being chosen and qualified 
as aforesaid, or whenever he may be thereto required by 
the said mayor and aldermen. And the city clerk thus 



1 The statute of 1824, c. 49, § 2, cited in the margin of § xvi in the text 

provides that all the officers chosen on the second Monday of December 

by virtue of said act, shall enter on the duties of their respective offices on 

the first Monday of January in each year. This provision includes not 

only the mayor, aldermen and common councilmen, but also the wardens, 

clerks of the Avards, inspectors of elections, overseers of the poor and 

school committee. 

4 



dutie 



26 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



chosen and qualified, shall have all the powers, and perform 
all the duties belonging, at the time of the act of incorpora- 
tion, to the town clerk of the town of Boston, as if the same 
were particularly and fully enumerated, except in cases 
where it is otherwise expressly provided. 



Common coun- 
cil a separate 
body. 

182J, no, §11. 



President. 



Clerk. 



Sittings to be 
Public. 



Quorum. 



XVIII. The persons so chosen and qualified, as mem- 
bers of the common council of the said city, shall sit and 
act together as a separate body, distinct from that of the 
mayor and aldermen, except in those cases in which the 
two bodies are to meet in convention : and the said council 
shall have power, from time to time, to choose one of their 
own members to preside over their deliberations, and to 
preserve order therein, and also to choose a clerk, who shall 
be under oath faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, 
who shall hold such office, during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and Avhose duty it shall be to attend said council, when 
the same is in session, to keep a journal of its acts, votes, 
and proceedings, and to perform such other services, in said 
capacity, as said council may require. All sittings of the 
common council shall be public ; also all sittings of the 
mayor and aldermen, when they are not engaged in execu- 
tive business. Twenty-five members of the common coun- 
cil shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 



Compensation 
of the mayor. 
1821, 110, § 12. 



XIX. The mayor of the said city, thus chosen and 
qualified, shall be taken and deemed to be the chief execu- 
tive officer of said corporation ; and he shall be compensat- 
ed for his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board of 
aldermen and common council, in city council convened, 
payable at stated periods ; which salary shall not exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars annually, and he shall re- 
ceive no other compensation or emoluments whatever ; and 
no regulations enlarging or diminishing such compensation 
shall be made, to take effect until the expiration of the year, 
for which the mayor then in office, shall have been elected, 
"uues."^*^^ a"'' And it shall be the duty of the mayor to be vigilant and 
active at all times, in causing the laws for the government 
of said city to be duly executed and put in force ; to inspect 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 27 

the conduct of all subordinate oflScers in the government 
thereof, and as far as in his power to cause all negligence, 
carelessness, and positive violation of duty to be duly pro- 
secuted and punished. He shall have power, whenever in 
his judgment, the good of said city may require it, to sum- 
mon meetings of the board of aldermen and common council, 
or either of them, although the meeting of said boards, or 
either of them may stand adjourned to a more distant day. 
And it shall be the duty of the mayor, from time to time^ 
to communicate to both branches of the city council all such 
information, and recommend all such measures as may tend 
to the improvement of the finances, the police, health, se- 
curity, cleanliness, comfort, and ornament of the said city. 

XX. The administration of police together with the ex- powers and du- 
ecutive powers of the said corporation generally, together and afdermen. 
also with all the powers heretofore vested in the selectmen jssa' lee'.fepeki- 
of the town of Boston, either by the general laws of this lluitc^lk^'^'' 
commonwealth, by particular laws relative to the powers ^^ ^^'^^' ^^^" 
and duties of said selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by- 
laws of said town, are vested in the mayor and aldermen, 

as hereby constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. 

XXI. The mayor and aldermen shall have power to May license 
license all theatrical exhibitions, and all public shows, and bulons^^&c!''^^'' 
all exhibitions of whatever name or nature, to which admis- But'leVi*84V^i. 
sion is obtained on payment of money, on such terms and 1 1[^^_ 415^ 
conditions as to them may seem just and reasonable ; and 

to regulate the same, from time to time, in such manner as 
to them may appear necessary to preserve order and deco- 
rum, and to prevent interruption of peace and quiet. And 
any person or persons who shall set forth, estabhsh, or pro- 
mote any such exhibition or show, or publish, or advertise 
the same, or otherwise aid or assist therein, without a license 
so obtained as aforesaid, or contrary to the terms or condi- 
tions of such license, or whilst the same is suspended, or 
after the same is revoked by said mayor and aldermen, shall 



28 



CITY CHARTEE, AND AMENDMENTS. 



be liable to such forfeiture, as the city council maj, bj anj 
by-law made for that purpose, prescribe. ^ 

May be chosen XXII. The citv couucil havo the power and authority 

surveyors of , . '' ■■■ "^ 

higiiways. of clccting, if they see fit, the mayor and aldermen, survey- 
ors of highways for the city. 



May have the XXIII. In the countv of Suffolk, the mayor and alder- 

powers oi county '' ' '> 

commissioners men of the city of Boston shall, within the said city, have 

except, &c. _ •' ' •' ' 

the like powers and perform the like duties, as are exercis- 
ed and performed by the commissioners of other counties, 
saving to any party aggrieved the right of trial by jury in 
the court of common pleas, in cases of the laying out, alter- 
ing and discontinuing of ways, and assessing" damages 
therefor. 



E. S. 24, % 54. 



Ibid, §55. 
Ibid, 14, 5 29. 



Povrers of city 
council 
18iei, 110, $ 15. 



By-laws. 



Assessment of 
taxes. 



XXiy. All other powers by law vested, at the time of 
the act of incorporation, in the town of Boston, or in the 
inhabitants thereof, as a municipal corporation, are vested 
in the mayor and aldermen, and common council of the said 
city to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board, as 
hereby constituted, having a negative upon the other. 
More especially they shall have power to make all such 
needful and salutary by-laws, as towns by the laws of this 
commonwealth have power to make and establish, and to 
annex penalties, not exceeding twenty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws shall take effect and be in force from 
and after the times therein respectively limited, without the 
sanction or confirmation ^of any court, or other authority 
whatsoever : Provided^ that such by-laws shall not be re- 
pugnant to the constitution and laws of this commonwealth f 
And ^provided also, that the same shall be liable to be an- 
nulled by the legislature thereof. The said city council 
shall also have power, from time to time, to lay and assess 
taxes for all purposes, for which towns are by law required 



1 This section appears to be superseded by stat. 1849, c. 231. See 
Amusements. 

2 For general powers of city councils to make by-laws, see Ordinances 
and By-laws. See also stat. 1847, c. 262. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 29 

or authorized to assess and grant money ,i and also for all 1822, 85. 
purposes, for which county taxes may he levied and assessed 
so long as the town of Chelsea shall not he liahle to taxation 
therefor ; Provided^ hotvever, that in the assessment and Proviso, 
apportionment of all such taxes upon the polls and estates 
of all persons liahle to contribute thereto, the same rules 
and regulations shall be observed as are now established by 
the laws of this commonwealth, or may be hereafter enact- 
ed, relative to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. The said city council shall also have power to pro- 
vide for the assessment and collection of such taxes, and f^xer*'"'' °^ 
to make appropriations of all public moneys, and provide 
for the disbursement thereof, and take suitable measures to 
ensure a just and prompt account thereof ; and for these ^^^^^^^^ ^° ^^ 
purposes, may either elect such assessors, and assistant 
'assessors, as may be needful, or provide for the appoint- 
ment or election of the same, or any of them, by the mayor 
and aldermen, or by the citizens, as in their judgment may 
be most conducive to the public good, and may also require 
of all persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or dis- 
bursement of pubhc moneys, such bonds with such condi- Bonds, &c., may 

. . . be required. 

tions and such sureties, as the case may in their judgments 
require. 



1 The city council are the agents and trustees of the inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, with a limited authority ; they can perform no act in the execution of 
their trust, unless warranted by some general or special law of the com- 
monwealth, either in express terms or by reasonable inference. The gen- 
eral authority of towns to raise money by the assessment of taxes on the 
inhabitants, was given by the statute of 1785, ch. 75, § 7, "for the settle- 
ment, maintenance and support of the ministry, schools, the poor, and 
other necessary charges arising within the same town," the most of which 
provision is re-enacted in the Revised Statutes, ch. 15, § 12. The only 
difBculty in the construction of this provision has been as to what are 
" other necessary charges," for which towns are authorized to raise money. 
Upon this point there have been several decisions. In the case of Stetson 
V. Keynpton, Cl3 Massachusetts Reports, 272,j it was held, that towns have 
no authority in time of war and hostile invasion, to raise money to give 
additional wages to the militia and for other purposes of defence. The 
court say, that the erection of public buildings for the accommodation of 
the inhabitants, such as town houses to assemble in, and market houses for 
the sale of provisions, may also be a proper town charge, and may come 
within the fair meaning of the term necessary, for these may be essential to 
the comfort and convenience of the citizens. But it cannot be supposed 



30 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

City council XXV. The said city council shall have power, and 

the appointment thcj arc authorized to provide for the appointment or 

1821,110,516.' election of all necessary officers, for the good government 

of said city, not otherwise provided for ; to prescribe their 

duties, and fix their compensation, and to choose a register 



ttat the building of a theatre, a circus, or any other place of mere amuse- 
ment, at the expense of the town, could be justified under the term neces- 
sary town charges. Nor could the inhabitants be lawfully taxed for the 
purpose of raising a statue or a monument, these being matters of taste 
and not of necessity ; unless in populous and wealthy towns, they should 
be thought suitable ornaments to buildings or squares, the raising and 
maintenance of which are within the duty and care of the governors or 
oiBcers of such towns. In Allen v. Inhabitants of Taunton, ('19 Pick. Eep. 
485,^ it was held, that a town is authorized to appropriate money for the 
repair of fire engines, used for the pui-pose of extinguishing fires therein, 
whether they belong to the to'wn or were purchased by private subscrip- 
tion ; and in the case of Hardy v. Inhabitants of Waltham, (3 Metcalf's 
E.ep. 163,^ it was held, that a town has authority to appropriate money for 
the constraction of reservoirs for water to supply fire engines. In the case 
of Spaulding v. City of Lowell, (23 Pick. Rep. 71,^ it was held, that cities 
and towns in this commonwealth, by virtue of their general powers, have 
authority in their corporate capacity, to build a market house, to appro- 
priate money therefor, and to assess the same upon the inhabitants, " To 
bring any particular subject," the court remark, " within this description 
of necessary town charges, it must appear to be money necessary to the 
execution of some corporate power, the enjoyment of some corporate right 
or the performance of some corporate duty, as established by law, or long 
usage" A town has no authoiity to raise money to aid in the construction 
of a road which by law is to be made at the expense of the county, and 
consequently a tax laid by the town for the purpose of collecting the 
money is illegal and void. A vote by a town appointing a committee to 
appropriate money for constructing such road, is an illegal and void act ; 
and a contract for constructing it entered into by the committee in behalf 
of the town, will not be binding upon the town. Parsons v. Inhabitants of 
Goshen, (II Pick. Hep. 396.) A town has authority to provide for the 
support of a public clock, and to assess the expense thereof upon the in- 
habitants of the town. Willard v. Inhabitants of Neivburyport, (^12 Pick. 
Rep. 227.^ A town is authorized to indemnify its officers, against any 
liability which they may incur in the bona fide discharge of their duties 
although it turn out that they have exceeded their legal rights and author- 
ity. Nelson v. Milford, (7 Pick. Rep. 186^ Bancroft v. Lynnfield,(l8 ibid, 
566.J By the act of 1847, ch. 37, whenever any city or town shall have 
voted to raise by taxation, or by pledge of its credit, or to pay over, from 
moneys in its treasury, any sum or sums of money, for any other purpose 
or purposes, than those for which it may have the legal right and power 
so to do, the supreme judicial court is authorized to interfere and prevent 
the same, upon the suit or petition of any ten inhabitants of such city or 
town who are liable to be taxed there'n. 



CITY CHARTEK AND ABIENDMENTS. 31 

of deeds, whenever the city shall compose one county. The Register of 

city council also shall have the care and superintendence of 

the public buildings, and the care, custody, and manage- of^cUypropTm-!^ 

ment of all the property of the city, with power to lease or 

sell the same, except the Common and Faneuil Hall, with 

power also to purchase property, real or personal, in the c^rsr ro'^erty 

name, and for the use of the city, whenever its interest or 

convenience may in their judgment require it. 

XXVI. All the power and authority by law vested, at fgai'ViolTi?^' 
the time of the act of incorporation, in the board of health i2Pick.i84, 
for the town of Boston, relative to the quarantine of vessels 
and relative to every other subject whatsoever, shall be 
and the same is hereby transferred to, and vested in the 
said city council, to be carried into execution by the ap- 
pointment of health commissioners, or in such other manner 
as the health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such alterations 
as the legislature may from time to time adopt.^ The 
mayor and aldermen of said city, and the said common ^.^ treasurer 
council shall as soon as conveniently may be, after their ^^~^' ^''''^^^• 
annual organization, meet together in convention, and elect 
some suitable and trustworthy person to be the treasurer of 

said city, who shall also be the county treasurer. ^r°" uV^ir'^'" 

"47. ■ 

XXYII. The citizens at their respective ward meet- overseers of the 
ings, to be held on the second Monday of December annu- jsai.'jio, «i9, 

. 1824, 49, $ 1. 

ally, shall elect by ballot one person in each ward, to be an (Adapted by citi- 

zeiis Feb. 25 

overseer of the poor; and the persons thus chosen shall isas.' Boston Re- 
together constitute the board of overseers for said city, and 505.) ' 
shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties, 
bylaw appertaining, at the time of the act of incorporation, 
to the overseers of the poor for the town of Boston, until 
the same shall be altered or qualified by the legislature.^ 



iSee Revised Statutes, c. 21, § 2, repealed by stat. 1847, c. 229. See 
also Stat, 1849, c. 211. 

2 As to the corporate power of the overseers of the poor of Boston, see 
Overseers of the Poor of Boston v. Sears. (29, Pick. Rep. 122.^ 



32 CITY CHAKTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

School commit- XXVIII. The school committee of the city of Boston 

tee. . -^ 

1835, 128,5 1.. . shall consist of the mayor, of the president of the common 
zensinward council, and of twentv-four other persons, two of whom 

meetings, April , n i . , i i T i m i • t i • 

29, 1835. shall be chosen m each ward, and who shall be inhabitants 

Hecordsofre- jpii I'l-ii 

turns of votes Oi tho wards m which they are chosen : said twenty-four 

trom tlie wards, , ,ii ■, t • t i • ■, • 

Aprii29, 18^5.) membcrs to be chosen by the inhabitants at their annual 
election of municipal officers ; and said school committee 

1821, 110,5 19. shall have the care and superintendence of the pubhc 
schools. 

^ATboard^and XXIX. All boards, and officers, acting under the 
'i^mllly.^'^^' authority of the said corporation, and entrusted with the 
1821,110, §20. expenditure of public money, shall be accountable therefor 
to the city council in such manner as they may direct. 
And it shall be the duty of the city council to publish and 
distribute, annually, for the information of the citizens, a 
ftat"ement°^°*^'^^ particular statement of the receipts and expenditures of all 
public moneys, and a particular statement of aU city prop- 
erty. 

fnate°ceTa^n offi- XXX. In all cascs in which appointments to office are 
1821' 110 fi 01 directed to be made by the mayor and aldermen, the mayor 
shall have the exclusive power of nomination ; such nomina- 
tion, however, being' subject to be confirmed or rejected by 
coundino^t^efi"^ ^^® board of aldcrmcu : Provided, however, that no person 
office" ^^'''"®** shall be eligible to any office, the salary of which is payable 
out of the city treasury, who at the time of his appoint- 
ment, shall be a member either of the board of aldermen or 
common council. 

Number of repre- XXXI. It shall be the duty of the two branches of the 

sentatives to .' 

i8"rno*'Tw city council, in the month of October, in each year, after 
1831, 38. their annual organization, to meet in convention and deter- 

mine the number of representatives, which it may be ex- 
pedient for the corporation to send to the general court in 
such year, within its constitutional limits, and to publish 
such determination, which shall be conclusive ; and the 
number thus determined shall be specified in the warrant 
calling a meeting for the election of representatives ; and 



CITY CHAKTER AND AMENDMENTS. 33 

neither the mayor, nor any aldermen, or members of the Members of dty 

'' ' >J '_ council to hold 

common council, shall, at the same time, hold any other no other office, 
office under the city government. 

XXXII. All city officers, after their election, shall be officers to dis- 

'' ■' charge their du- 

held to discharge the duties to which they have been elect- ties notwith- 

. , '^ .„,,,. standing remov- 

ed, bemg residents of the ward at the time of their election ai into other 

notwithstandine; their removal afterwards out of their ward 1845, 217, $ 5. 

. 1 T n 1 • (Adopted bv city 

into any other ward of the city. council, city 

•^ '' Records, vol. 23, 

p. 406.) 

XXXIII. All elections for governor, lieutenant gover- Elections of na- 

. I i. 1 tional and state 

nor, senators, representatives, representatives to congress, officers, 
and all other officers, who are to be chosen and voted for r.V. 5, §ii; 6, 
by the people, shall be held at meetings of the citizens ' 
qualified to vote in such elections, in their respective 
wards, at the time fixed by law for those elections respect- 
ively. And at such meetings, all the votes given in, being 
collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the inspectors 
of elections, in each ward, it shall be the duty of the clerk 
of such ward to make a true record of the same, speci- 
fying therein the whole number of ballots given in, the 
name of each person voted for, and the number of votes for 
each, expressed in words at length. And a transcript of 
such record, certified by the warden, clerk, and a majority 
of the inspectors of elections in such ward, shall forthwith 
be transmitted or delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk 
of the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible 
abstract of them, as they are successively received, in the 
journals of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
in some other book kept for that purpose. And it shall be Examination 
the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together votes. 
within two days after every such election, and examine 
and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to make 
out a certificate of the result of such election, to be signed certificate, 
by the mayor and a majority of the aldermen, and also by 
the city clerk, which shall be transmitted, delivered or re- 
turned in the same manner as similar returns are by law 
directed to be made by the selectmen of towns ; and such 
certificates and returns shall have the same force and effect 



34 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



Separate lists of 
votes for govern- 
or, &c. to be 
transmitted to 
the secretary or 
to sheriffs. 
R. S. 5, 5 J. 



Votes for elec- 
tors of president, 
&c., liow and 
wiien to be trans- 
mitted to the 
secretary. 
1844, 167, $ 1. 



Proceedings in 
case representa- 
tives are not 
chosen. 



in all respects, as like returns of similar elections made by 
tlie selectmen of towns. At the election of governor, lieu- 
tenant governor, and senators, it shall be the duty of the 
mayor and aldermen to make and seal up separate lists of 
persons voted for as governor, lieutenant governor, and 
senators of the commonwealth, with the number of votes for 
each person, written in words at length against his name, 
and to transmit said lists to the secretary of the common- 
wealth or to the sheriffs of their respective counties. The 
mayor and aldermen shall, within three days next after the 
day of any election of electors of president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, held by virtue of the laws of 
this commonwealth, or of the United States, deliver, or 
cause to be delivered the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, 
to the sheriff of the county, and the said sheriff shall within 



four 



days after receiving said lists, transmit the same to 



the office of the secretary of the commonwealth, or the said 
mayor and aldermen may, and when the office of sheriff is 
vacant, he or they shall themselves transmit the said lists 
to the said office within seven days after the election, and 
all votes not so transmitted shall be rejected. In all elec- 
tions for representatives to the general court, in case the 
whole number proposed to be elected shall not be chosen 
by a majority of the votes legally returned, the mayor and 
aldermen shall forthwith issue their warrant for a new elec- 
tion, and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
as are herein before directed, until the whole number shall 
be. elected. -^ 



Mayor and alder- 
men to make 
lists of voters 
prior to every 
election. 
1821, 110, $24. 
R. S. 3. 



XXXIV. Prior to every election of city officers, or of 
any officer or officers under the government of the United 
States or of this commonwealth, it shall be the duty of said 
mayor and aldermen to make out lists of all the citizens of 
each ward qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 



1 This section of the city charter contains also a provision for taking 
the sense of the town upon the question, whether the election for State 
and United States officers should he holden in general meeting; which 
question was decided b_y the inhabitants in the negative, at a meeting held 
Monday, March 4, 1822. See Boston Kecords, toL 10, p. 457. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 35 

in which selectmen and assessors of towns are required to 
make out similar lists of voters, and for that purpose they 
shall have free access to the assessors' books and lists, and 
be entitled to the aid and assistance of all assessors, assist- 
ant assessors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of said mayor and aldermen to deliver such list 
of the voters in each ward, so prepared and corrected, to 
the clerk of said ward, to be used by the warden and in- 
spectors thereof at such election ; and no person shall be 
entitled to vote at such election, whose name is not borne on 
such list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in such inspectors to ai- 
elections, it shall be the duty of the inspectors, in each vote whose 
ward, to take care that no person shall vote at such elec- the list, 
tion, whose name is not so borne on the list of voters, and 
to cause a mark to be placed against the name of each 
voter on such list, at the time of giving in his vote. 

XXXV. It shall be the duty of all ward officers iJut'es of ward 

'' _ _ officers at all 

authorized to preside and act at elections of city officers to elections. 

, . . . . , 1845, 217, % 3. 

attend and perform their respective duties, at the times and (Adopted by city 

■*-. . ^ ' council. City 

places appointed for elections of any officers, whether of Records, voi. 23, 
the United States, state, city, or wards, and to make and 
sign the regular returns of the same. 

XXXVI. General meetings of the citizens, qualified to General meet- 

. ^. . ' -^ ings of the citi- 

vote m City artairs, may from time to time be held to con- zens. 

, ' ^ , , . 1821, no, $ 25. 

suit upon the common good, to give mstructions to their 
representatives, and to take all lawful measures to obtain a 
redress of any grievances, according to the right secured 
to the people by the constitution of this commonwealth. 
And such meetings shall and may be duly warned by the 
mayor and aldermen, upon the requisition of fifty qualified 
voters of said city. 

XXXVII. All warrants for the meetings of the citi- warrants for 

„ .., iiiT-i- ■. rneetings to be 

zens, tor municipal purposes to be had either m general issued by mayor 

,,,,,. ,, -,. and aldermen. 

meetings or m wards, shall be issued by the mayor and al- isai, no, $26. 
dermen, and shall be in such form, and shall be served, 
executed, and returned at such time, and in such manner, 
as the city council may, by any by-law, direct and appoint. 



36 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

hlvVfiuh?"*" XXXyill. The city of Boston shall continue to have 
ferred^bychar-"' ancl oxerclse all the powers and privileges, and be subject 
R.'sfis, $ 86. to all the duties and habiHties, mentioned in the act estab- 
lishing said city of Boston, and in the several acts specially 
relating to said city. 



SEAL OF THE CITY. 

An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 



Ordinance to eg. Be it ofdained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
seal!* Pas^sed^ Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, 
Jan. 2, 1823. ^ji]^^^ ^j^^ dosigu hereto annexed, as sketched by John R. 
Penniman, giving a view of the city, be the device of the 
city seal ; that the motto be as follows, to wit : " Sicut 
patribus, sit Deus nobis ;" and that the inscription be as 
follows, to wit: " Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




LAWS or THE COMMONWEALTH, 



PASSED IN 1851. 



RECENT LAWS. 



STATUTES OF 1851. 

An Act to authorize Members of City Councils to hold other 

Offices. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives , in 
Cieneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The mayor, any alderman, or any member of the 
common council, of any city in this Commonwealth, may, at the 
same time, hold any other office under the city government of such 
city to which he may be duly chosen : provided, that the same be 
not an office of emolument. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its passage, 
but shall be in force in those cities only, which shall adopt the same 
by a vote of their city councils. [Approved, April 24, 1851. 
Accepted hy City Council of Boston, June 16, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Constables. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
(reneral Court assemoled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any constable, who shall have been duly appointed 
for any city or chosen for any town of this Commonwealth, and who 
shall have given bonds in the manner hereinafter set forth, may 
serve, within his own city or town, any writ, or other process, in 
any personal action, in which the damages shall not be laid at a 
greater sum than one hundred dollars, and also any process of re- 
plevin in which the subject matter shall not exceed in value one 
hundred dollars. 



RECENT LAWS. 39 

Sect. 2. No constable shall be competent to serve any writ 
or execution, in any civil action, until lie shall have given to the 
city or the inhabitants of the town, for which he may have been 
appointed or chosen, a bond with sureties, to the satisfaction of 
the mayor and aldermen of the city or the selectmen of the town, 
in a sum not less than five hundred dollars, with condition for the 
faithful performance of his duties^ as constable, in the service of 
all civil processes which may be committed to him, and shall have 
caused the same, with the requisite approval certified thereon, to 
be filed in the office of the clerk of such city or town ; and it shall 
be the duty of the said clerk to note upon the bond the time when 
the same was so filed ; and the like proceedings and remedies 
may be had upon any such bond as are provided by an act, passed 
on the twenty-fourth day of February, in the year one thousand 
eight hundred and forty-five, requiring constables to give bonds in 
certain cases. 

Sect. 3. The election of all constables of towns shall here- 
after be by written ballots. l_Apj)roved, April 30, 1851.] 



An Act to Regulate the Measurement of Marble. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Mouse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The mayor and aldermen of any city, or the selectmen of any 
town in this Commonwealth, may establish such ordinances or regu- 
lations, with suitable penalties, respecting the appointment of a 
surveyor, and the survey and admeasurement of marble of every 
description, either foreign or American, that shall be imported or 
brought into such city or town for sale, as they may from time to 
time deem expedient. [Approved, April 30, 1851. 



An Act in further addition to an Act for supplying the City of 
Boston with Pure Water. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The control granted to the city of Boston over tide waters 
within the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth, by the third section 
of an act in addition to an act for supplying the city of Boston with 



40 EECENT LAWS. 

pure water, passed on the first day of May, in the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and forty-nine, shall be restricted to the line 
now occupied by them for the purpose specified in the said third 
section. \_A23proved, May 7, 1851] 



An Act for the appointment of Police Officers. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The mayor and aldermen of the several cities, and the select- 
men of the several towns, in this Commonwealth, may, from time 
to time, appoint such police officers for their respective cities and 
towns as they may judge necessary, with all or any of the powers 
of constables, except the power of serving and executing any civil 
process. And the said poHce officers shall hold their offices dur- 
ing the pleasure of the mayor and aldermen, and selectmen, by 
whom they are respectively appointed. \_A2J]}roved,May 15, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Vacancies in "Ward Offices. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. At the first election held after a new division of 
wards, in any city in this Commonwealth, the respective ward offi- 
cers, chosen under the preceding organization, shall officiate in the 
same numerical ward for which they were chosen respectively, and 
shall continue to act there until others shall be chosen and quahfied 
in their stead. 

Sect. 2. All officers chosen at any meeting called by the mayor 
and aldermen of any city, after such new division into wards, shall 
hold their offices until the next annual meeting, and until others 
shall be chosen and qualified in their stead. [_Approved, May 15, 
1851.] 



RECENT LAWS. 41 

An Act to authorize Cities and Towns to establish and maintain 
Public Libraries. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of JRepresentatives, in 
(xeneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any city or town of this Commonwealth is hereby 
authorized to establish and maintain a public library within the 
same, with or without branches, for the use of the inhabitants 
thereof, and to provide suitable rooms therefor, under such regula- 
tions for the government of such library, as may, from time to time, 
be prescribed by the city council of such city, or the inhabitants 
of such town. 

Sect. 2. Any city or town may appropriate for the founda- 
tion and commencement of such library, as aforesaid, a sum not 
exceeding one dollar for each of its ratable polls, in the year next 
preceding that in which such appropriation shall be made ; and 
may also appropriate, annually, for the maintenance and increase 
of such library, a sum not exceeding twenty-five cents for each 
of its ratable polls, in the year next preceding that in which such 
appropriation shall be made. 

Sect. 3. Any city or town may receive, in its corporate ca- 
pacity, and hold and manage, any devise, bequest or donation, for 
the establishment, increase, or maintenance of a public library 
within the same. \Apjproved, May 24, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Vacancies in School Committees. 



■'to 



JBe it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives ^ in 
Gfeneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Whenever vacancies occur in the school committee of any town 
or city in this Commonwealth, or when, from any cause, any mem- 
ber or members are unable to act, the remaining member or mem- 
bers of said committee, together with the selectmen of said town, 
or the mayor and aldermen of said city, shall have power to fill 
vacancies in said committee ; and the school return, signed 
by a majority of the committee thus constituted, shall be equally 
valid as if signed by a majority of the committee as originally 
chosen. \^Approved, May 24, 1851.] 



42 RECENT LAWS. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish the Boston Lunatic 

Hospital. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives^ in 
Gfeneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The third section of the one hundred and thirty first 
chapter of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and 
thirty-nine, being an act entitled " an Act to establish the Boston 
Lunatic Hospital," is so amended that the city council of the City 
of Boston shall have power to pass such ordinances as they may 
deem expedient for conducting, in a proper manner, the business 
of that institution, and for appointing such officers as in their opin- 
ion may be necessary. 

Sect. 2. The second section of the said chapter is hereby re- 
pealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
\_Approved, May 23, 1851.] 



ORDINANCES 

ADOPTED BY THE CITY COUNCIL SINCE THE PUBLICATION 
OF THE KE VISED OEDINANCES, IN 1850. 



ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to Water Rates. 

Be it ordained ly the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

That the following shall be the Rates to be charged annually, 
for the "Water. 

Dwelling Houses. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes at 
f 1,000 or any less sum, and occupied for one family 

only, $5.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $3.50 7.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

famHy, $3.00 9.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$1,000 and not over $2,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 6.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $4.00 8.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $3.33 10.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$2,000 and not over $3,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 7.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $4.50 9.00 

When occupied by three famUies, for each 
family, $3.67 11.00 



OKDINANCES. 45 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$3,000 and not over $4,000, and occupied by 
one family only, $8.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, _ $5.00 10.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, ' $4.00 12.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$4,000 and not over $5,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 9.00 

When occupied by two famihes, for each 
family, _ _ $5.50 11.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $4.33 13.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$5,000 and not over $6,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 10.00 

■ When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $6.00 12.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $4.67 14.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$6,000 and not over $7,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 11.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $6.50 13.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $5.00 15.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$7,000 and not over $8,000, and occupied by one 
family only. 12.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $7.00 14.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, " $5.33 16.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$8,000 and not over $9,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 13.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, _ $7.50 15.00. 

When occupied by three famihes, for each 
family, ' $5.67 17.00 



46 ORDINANCES. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$9,000 and not over |10,000, and occuDied by one 
family only, ' |14.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, _ |8.00 16.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $6.00 18.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$10,000 and not over $11,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 15.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $8.50 IT.OO 

When occupied by three families, for each 
famUy, $6.33 19.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$11,000 and not over $12,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 16.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, _ $9.00 18.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $6.67 20.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$12,000 and not over $13,000, and occupied by 
one family only, IT.OO 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $9.50 19.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $T.00 21.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$13,000 and not over $14,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 18.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
famUy, ' $10.00 20.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $T.33 22.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$14,000 and not over $15,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 19.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

famUy, _ $10.50 21.00 

When occupied bv three families, for each 

family, ^ $T.67 23.00 



ORDINANCES. 47 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$15,000 and not over $16,000, and occupied by 

one family only, $20.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $11.00 22.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $8.00 24.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$16,000 and not over $17,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 21.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $11.50 23.00 

When occupied bv three families, for each 
family, " $8.33 25.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$17,000 and not over $18,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 22.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $12.00 24.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $8.67 26.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$18,000 and not over $19,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 23.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $12.50 25.00 

When occupied by three famihes, for each 

family, $9.00 27.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$19,000 and not over $20,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 24.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $13.00 26.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, 9.33 28.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$20,000, from $25.00 to $30.00. 

When a house is occupied by more than three 
families, the charge will be the same as for three 
families. 



48 



ORDINANCES. 



Hotels. 



Hotels, Taverns and Boarding Houses, (said 
Boarding Houses being valued for the assessment of 
taxes at over |10,000,) not including water for 
baths or for uses without the house, will be charged 
for each bed for boarders and lodgers within the 
same, $1.50 

Provided, that in no case shall any Hotel, Tavern 
or Boarding House be charged less than if a private 
dwelling house. 

Stores. 

For each tenement occupied as a warehouse, office, 
shop, or for purposes not included in any other clas- 
sification, and not recjuiring more than an ordinary 
supply of water, |5 to 25.00 

For each water closet more than one, supplied for 
the above, $5.00 additional. 

And for each urinal or wash hand-basin more than 
one, $2.50 additional. 

Stables. 

Private stables— including water for washing car- 
riages, 6.00 
And for each horse over two, 2.00 
Livery stableS' — including water for washing car- 
riages, for each horse, 2.00 
Omnibus stables, for each horse, 2.00 
Truckmen's stables for each horse, 1.25 



For the right to attach a hose of not exceeding 
five-eighths of an inch orifice, for washing windows, 
sprinkling streets, washing carriages, or other pur- 
poses, in addition to the charge for other uses, not 
less than 3.00 

For the right to insert a pipe of not more than one 
inch diameter to be done at the expense of the taker, 
and to be used only in case of fire, in addition to the 
charge for other uses, 3.00 

Baths. 
Public Baths, for each tub, 6.00 



I 



ORDINANCES. 49 

Printing Offices. 
For eacLi printing olBice, according to the number 
of presses used, not including supplying of steam en- 
gine, $6 to 40.00 

Refectories. 
Confectionaries, eating houses, market and fish 
stalls, provision shops, refreshment and oyster saloons, 
according to the amount of water used, $5.00 to 40.00 

Steam .Engines. 
For stationary steam engines, working not over 
tAvelve hours per day, on each horse power, 6.00 

Railroad Corporations. 

For each locomotive engine in daily use, supplied 
for outward and inward trains, 150.00 

For each engine watering for outward trip only, 
once a day, 75.00 

For supply of passenger station for water closets, 
washing cars, and other uses at the station, not in- 
cluding watering the streets, 75.00 

Building Purposes. 
For each cask of lime or cement used, 5 cents. 

For large quantities of water to brewers, distillers, 
and for other uses not specified under specific regula- 
tions for determining the quantity, when the estimated 
average quantity consumed is less than 500 gallons 
per day, for each 100 gallons of estimated daily con- 
sumption, 15.00 

When the quantity used is more than 500 gallons 
and less than 1,000 gallons per day, for each 100 
gallons of estimated daily consumption, 12.00 

When the quantity used is more than 1,000 gal- 
lons and less than 2,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, 10.00 

When the quantity used is more than 2,000 gal- 
lons and less than 10,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, 8.00 

For larger quantities required for specific purposes, 
the price shall be fixed by the Water Registrar, but 
in no case at less than one cent for one hundred 
gallons. 



50 OEDINANCES. 

Fountains. 

Fountains are only to be used at the discretion of 
the Cochituate Water Board, and will be charged 
upon the estimated average quantity used per day, 
for each 100 gallons daily consumption, $3.00 

When water is required for purposes, which are not specified 
in the above Tariff, the rate shall be fixed by the Cochituate 
Water Board. 

Provided, nevertheless, that in. special cases, the Cochituate 
Water Board shall have authority to make such alterations in the 
foregoing rates, as, in their judgment, the interests of the city 
may require. [Passed, Nov. 17, 1850.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to water 

Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Whenever two or more dwelling houses or other estates shall 
be valued together for the assessment of taxes, and whenever a 
portion only of any estate is justly chargeable for any water rate, 
it shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under the direction 
and control of the Cochituate Water Board, to make a separate 
valuation of said dwelling houses, or other estates, and to make a 
proper valuation of such portion of any estate ; and the Water 
rates, provided by the ordinance to which this is in addition, shall 
apply to such valuations respectively. [Passed, Nov. 3, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to contracts with City Officers. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. No member of the city council, no member of any 
board, and no individual chosen by the city council, shall be in- 
terested in a private capacity, directly or indirectly, in any con- 
tract or agreement for labor or for any materials, goods, wares or 
merchandise furnished to the city, wherein the city is a party 



ORDINANCES. 51 

interested, unless the same be expressly authorized to be made and 
entered into with such member, bj some ordinance or order of 
the City Council, 

Sect. 2. All contrajcts, agreements, purchases and sales, made 
contrary to the preceding section, shall be utterly void, at the 
pleasure of the city council, and no bill against the city arising 
out of or connected with any such contract, agreement, purchase 
or sale, shall be approved by any committee, passed by the audi- 
tor, or paid by the treasurer, unless approved and allowed by ex- 
press vote of the city council. [Passed Dee. 23, 1850.] 



An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and providing for 
Preventing and Extinguishing Fires. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council asesmbled, as follows : 

■ Sect. 1. The fire department shall consist of a chief engineer, 
of nine other engineers, and of as many enginemen, hydrant-men, 
and hook and ladder men, to be divided into companies, as the 
number of engines and the number and quantity of other fire ap- 
paratus belonging to the city shall from time to time require. 

Sect. 2. There shall be chosen annually, by the city council, 
in the months of January or February, a chief engineer and nine 
other engineers, who shall hold their offices one year and until 
others are chosen in their places ; provided, however, that no as- 
sistant engineer shall hold over in case five of the new board are 
elected : and in all cases of holding over, preference shall be 
given to seniority of age. 

Sect. 3. The city council may, by a concurrent vote at any time, 
remove from office the chief engineer, or any of the other en- 
gineers ; and the mayor and aldermen may at any time discharge 
any or all of the officers or members of either of said companies. 

Sect. 4. Each engineer shall, upon his appointment, receive . 
a written or printed certificate or warrant, in the words following, 
viz : " This certifies that A. B. is appointed an engineer, (or chief 
engineer) of the fire department of the city of Boston, and is en- 
titled to all the immunities belonging to said office. 

Given under my hand this day of A. D. 18 

Mayor. 
City Clerk." 

And the respective rank of the engineers shall be determined 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 5. The engineers, so chosen, shall meet and organize 



52 ORDINANCES. 

themselves into a board of engineers, a majority of whom shall 
form a quorum, and of which, in the absence of the chief engineer, 
the senior engineer present shall be presiding officer ; and they 
may appoint such secretary or other office»s, and make such rules 
and regulations for their own government, as they may see fit, 
and such secretary shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may deem expedient. They shall be responsible for the 
discipline, good order and proper conduct of the whole depart- 
ment, both officers and men, and for the care of all houses, en- 
gines, hose carriages, and other furniture and apparatus thereto 
belonging. They shall have the superintendence and control of 
all the engine and other houses used for the purposes of the fire 
department, and of all furniture and apparatus thereto belonging, 
and of the engines and all other fire apparatus belonging to the 
city, and over the officers and members of the several companies 
attached to the fire department, and over all persons present at 
fires, and they may make such rules and regulations for the bet- 
ter government, discipline and good order of the department, and 
for the extinguishment of fires, as they may from time to time, 
think expedient, the same not being repugnant to the laws of this 
commonwealth, or to any ordinance of the city, and being subject 
to the approbation of the mayor and aldermen. The assistant en- 
gineers shall report their absences from fires to the chief engineer, 
with the reasons therefor, who shall keep a record of the same, 
and make a report thereof, stating all the facts, to the city council, 
every year prior to the election of engineers. In the a!)sence of 
the chief engineer the clerk shall make said record and report. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of said engineers, whenever a 
fire shall break out in the city, immediately to repair to the place 
of such fire, and to carry with them a suitable staif or badge of 
their office ; to take proper measures that the several engines and 
other apparatus be arranged in the most advantageous situations, 
and duly worked for the effectual extinguishment of the fire ; to 
require and compel assistance from all persons, as well members 
of the fire department as others, in extinguishing the fire, remov- 
. ing furniture, goods, or other merchandize from any buikling on 
fire, or in danger thereof, and to appoint guards to secure the 
same : and also in pulling down or demolishing any house or 
building if occasion require, and further to suppress all tumults 
and disorders. It shall also be their duty to cause order to be 
preserved in going to, working at, or returning from fires, and at 
all other times when companies attached to the department are 
on duty. 

Sect. 7. Whenever any fire occurs in either of the adjoining 
towns, it shall be the duty of only such and so many of said engi- 



ORDINANCES. 53 

neers to repair to such towns, as shall have been previously desig- 
nated for such purpose by the board of engineers. 

Sect. 8. The chief engineer shall have the sole command 
at fires over all the other engineers, all members of the fire de- 
partment, and all other persons who may be present at fires, and 
shall direct all proper measures for the extinguishment of fires, 
protection of property, preservation of order, and observance of 
the laws, ordinances and regulations respecting fire ; and it shall 
be the duty of said chief engineer to examine into the condition 
of the engines and all other fire apparatus, and of the engine and 
other houses belonging to the city and used for the purposes of 
the fire department, and of the companies attached to the said 
department, as often as circumstances may render it expedient, 
or whenever directed so to do by the mayor and aldermen, or by 
the committee of the board of aldermen, on the fire department, 
and annually to report the same to the mayor and aldermen, and 
oftener if thereunto requested ; also, to cause a full description 
of the same together with the names of the oflicers and members 
of the fire department, to be published annually in such manner 
as the mayor and aldermen shall direct ; and whenever the en- 
gines or other fire apparatus, engine or other houses used by the 
fire department, require alterations, additions, or repairs, the 
chief engineer, under the direction of the board of aldermen or of 
the committee on the fire department shall cause the same to be 
made ; and it shall be moreover the duty of the chief engineer to 
receive and transmit to the board of aldermen all returns of offi- 
cers, members and fire apparatus, made by the respective compa- 
nies as hereinafter prescribed, and all other communications relat- 
ing to the aflairs of the fire department ; to keep fair and exact 
rolls of the respectiye companies, specifying the time of admission 
and discharge, and the age of each member ; to report in writing 
to the city clerk, who shall keep a record of the same, once in 
each year, or oftener if directed so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, all accidents by fire which may happen within the city, with 
the causes thereof as well as can be ascertained, and the number 
and description of the buildings destroyed or injured, together 
with the names of the owners or occupants. 

Sect. 9. In case of the absence of the chief engineer, the en- 
gineer next in rank who may be present, shall execute the duties 
of his office, Avith full powers. 

Sect. 10. As many engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder 
companies shall from time to time be formed by the mayor and 
aldermen, as they shall deem expedient, and each of said compa- 
nies shall consist of as many men as said mayor and aldermen 
may determine, who shall be appointed exclusively by them. 

Sect. 11. No person under twenty-one years of age shall be 



54 ORDINANCES. 

employed as a member of the fire department ; nor shall any per- 
son be so employed, who is not a citizen of the United States, and 
a legal voter in the city of Boston. 

Sect. 12. The terms of service for the members of the fire 
department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, and in the same company in which he enters, except in 
cases of sickness, death, or removal from the city, or who shall 
be removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit any and all compen- 
sation that would otherwise have been due to him at the time 
when such service ceased, or such removal took place. 

Sect. 13. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated by the 
members to the board of engineers ; and being by them approved, 
their names shall be sent to the board of mayor and aldermen for 
approval or rejection, and, in case of rejection, another person 
shall be nominated as aforesaid, before the next meeting df the 
mayor and aldermen ; and these officers when elected shall receive 
certificates of aiopointment signed by the mayor, and shall hold 
their places until removed, or until others are appointed in their 
stead. 

Sect, 14. Whenever any person shall have received his cer- 
tificate of appointment to any office under this ordinance, he shall 
thereby be immediately invested with all the authority conferred, 
and subject to all the duties imposed by the laws, the city ordi- 
nances, and the rules and regulations of the fire department, until 
discharged therefrom, either by death or resignation, or by order 
of the mayor and aldermen or the board of engineers, as herein- 
after provided for ; and the vacancy occasioned by his discharge 
shall be filled, as soon as may be, in the manner herein prescribed. 

Sect. 15. It shall be the duty of the foremen to see that the 
several engines and apparatus committed to their care, and the 
several buildings in which the same are deposited, and all things in 
or belonging to the same, are kept neat, clean, and in order for 
immediate use ; it shall also be their duty to preserve order and 
discipline at all times in their respective companies, and require 
and enfore a strict compliance with the city ordinances, the rules 
and regulations of the department, and the orders of the engineers. 
They shall also keep or cause to be kept by the clerks of their 
respective companies, fair and exact rolls, specifying the time of 
admission, discharge and age of each meml3er, and accounts of all 
city property intrusted to the care of the several members, and 
of all absences and tardiness among the same, in a book provided 
for that purpose by the city, which rolls or record books are always 
to be subject to the order of the board of engineers and the mayor 



ORDINANCES. 65 

and aldermen. They shall also make or cause to be made to the 
chief engineer, true and accurate returns of all the members, with 
their ages, and the apparatus entrusted to their care, whenever 
called upon so to do. 

Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of the officers and members of 
the several engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder companies, ^yhen- 
ever a fire shall break out in the city, to repair forthwith to their 
respective engines, hose, hook and ladder carriages, and other 
apparatus, and to convey them, in as orderly a manner as may be, 
to or near the place where the fire may be, in conformity with the 
direction of the chief or other engineers ; to exert themselves in 
the most orderly manner possible, in working and managing the 
said engines, hose, hooks and ladders, and other apparatus ; and 
in performing any duty that they may be called upon to do, by any 
engineer ; and upon permission of the chief or other engineer, shall 
in an orderly and quiet manner return said engines, hose, hook 
and ladder carriages, and other apparatus, to their respective 
places of deposit. Provided, that in the absence of all the en- 
gineers such direction and permission may be given by their 
respective foremen. 

Sect. 17. Any officer or other member may be removed or 
dismissed from the fire department by a vote of the chief engineer 
and two thirds of the assistant engineers ; and said vote shall be 
final, unless in the case of officers, the same shall be reversed by 
the mayor and aldermen within fourteen days after it shall have 
been passed. 

Sect. 18. In all cases of removal from office by the engineers, 
the name of the party removed, with a statement of the reasons 
therefor, shall be entered on their records, and a copy of the same 
shall be transmitted to the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, before 
their next regular meeting. 

Sect. 19. No officer, who may have been dismissed or re- 
moved from the fire department, shall be reinstated therein, unless 
by a vote of the chief engineer and two thirds of the assistant en- 
gineers, and, in such case, said vote shall not take eiFect until con- 
firmed hj the Board of Mayor and Aldermen, and no member shall 
be reinstated except by a vote of three fourths of the Mayor and 
Aldermen. 

Sect. 20. Every company shall have two or more suction hose 
men and three or more leading hose men, to be appointed by the 
foreman of such company, subject to the approval of the board of 
engineers, and they shall hold their places for six months, unless 
sooner removed by the said board. For the purposes of discharge 
and removal, suction and leading hose men shall be regarded as 
members and not as officers. 

Sect. 21. The steward shall hold his office in like manner for 



56 ORDINANCES. 

not less than six months. It shall be his duty to keep clean the 
house, the engine, hose, or other apparatus which may belong to 
the company, to clear the snow in winter from the sidewalk con- 
nected with the house, and generally to see that the engine and 
apparatus are ready for immediate use. 

Sect. 22. The engineers and members of the several compa- 
nies regularly appointed, shall wear such caps, badges, or insignia, 
as the mayor and aldermen shall from time to time direct, to be 
furnished at the expense of the city, and no other person or per- 
sons shall be permitted to wear the same, except under such 
restrictions and regulations as the mayor and aldermen may direct. 

Sect. 23. No uniform, unless such caps, badges, or insignia 
as are prescribed from time to time by the mayor and aldermen, 
shall be allowed to be worn on any occasion, as firemen, by either 
officers or men belonging to the department. 

Sect. 24. No company shaU have power to appoint or dis- 
charge any officer or member. 

Sect. 25. No company shall leave the city, in case of fire in 
the neigboring towns, excepting by the express order of the chief 
engineer, or one of the assistant engineers ; and no company shall 
leave the city on an excursion, or appear in the streets, as firemen, 
except in case of an alarm of fire, unless by the express direction 
and permission of the City Council. 

Sect. 26. The lower story only of the engine, hydrant, hook 
and ladder houses, shall be appropriated to the use of the depart- 
ment ; and no furniture or decorations shall be allowed, except 
such as is furnished by the city. 

Sect. 27. No associations, or organized societies, or clubs of 
firemen, as such, shall be allowed, except by the express permis- 
sion of the City Council. 

Sect. 28. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of each company 
to enter in the roll book provided by the city, all absences and 
tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and to 
make a monthly return of the same to the boai-d of engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in case of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member, 
such sum not exceeding fifty cents, as the said board may order 
and determine. And if any officer or member shall have been ab- 
sent or tardy at more than one third of the fires, or alarms of fires, 
except in case of sickness, during the month, such absences or 
tardiness shall be considered good cause for his discharge from the 
department, if more than five. 

Sect. 29. Any officer or member of the fire department who 
shall wilfully neglect or refuse to perform his duty, or shall be 
guilty of disorderly conduct or disobedience to his superiors in 



ORDINANCES. 57 

office, shall for such offence, be dismissed from the department ; 
and any officer or member, who shall offend against any ordi- 
nance of the city relating to the fire department, shall, in addition 
to the liabiKty of dismission, be liable to a penalty of not less than 
five, nor more than twenty dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 30. Every member and every officer of the fire depart- 
ment shall sign the following statement, to be deposited with the 
board of engineers. " I, A. B. having been appointed a member 
" of the Boston Fire Department, hereby signify my agreement to 
" abide by all the ordinances of the City Council, and the rules 
" and regulations of the Mayor and Aldermen, and the board of 
" engineers relating thereto." And any officer or member, who 
shall neglect or refuse to sign the same, shall not be entitled to 
any compensation whatsoever. 

Sect. 31. It shall be the duty of the chief engineer, or other 
engineers, to report to the mayor and aldermen, the name of every 
person not a member of either of said companies, who shall con- 
trary to law, refuse or neglect to obey any orders of any engineer, 
given at any fire. 

Sect. 32. It shall be the duty of such of the constables or 
police officers of the city, as may be selected by the engineers for 
that service, to repair with their staves or such other badges of 
office as the mayor and aldermen shall direct, on the alarm of fire, 
immediately to the place where the fire may be, and there to use 
their best skill and power under the direction of the chief engineer, 
for the preservation of the public peace, and the prevention of theft 
and destruction of property, and the removal of all suspected per- 
sons ; for which service the constables or police officers shall re- 
ceive such compensation as shall be in each case ordered by the 
mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 33. Immediately on the alarm of fire, during the night, 
it shall be the duty of the respective watchmen to give notice 
thereof within their respective districts, by springing their rattles, 
crying " fire," or ringing a bell, and mentioning the street or di- 
rection where it may be ; and if any watchman shall neglect_ so to 
do, he shall forfeit and pay two dollars, and if it shall happen that 
a chimney only shall be on fire, either by night or day, the bell 
shall not be rung, but only when a building is proclaimed to be on 
fire. 

Sect. 34. Whenever it shall be adjudged, at any fire, by any 
three or more of the engineers, of whom the chief engineer, if pres- 
ent, shall be one, to be necessary, in order to prevent the further 
spreading of the fire, to pull down or otherwise demolish any build- 
ing, the same may be done by their joint order. 

Sect. 35. It shall be the duty of the chief and other engineers 
to inquire for and examine into all shops and other places, where 



08 ORDINANCES. 

shavings or other such combustible materials may be collected and 
deposited, and at all times to be vigilant in taking care of the re- 
moval of the same, whenever in the opinion of any two of them, 
the same may be dangerous to the security of the city from fires, 
and to direct the tenant or occupant of said shops or other places, 
to remove the same ; and, in case of such tenant's or occupant's 
neglect or refusal so to do, to cause the same to be removed at the 
expense of such tenant or occupant, who shall in addition be liable 
to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars for such neglect or re- 
fusal ; and any person, who shall obstruct the engineers or any 
of them in carrying out the provisions of this section, shall also be 
liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars. It shall also be 
the duty of said engineers to take cognizance of, and to cause 
prosecution to be instituted in all cases of infraction of the laws 
relative to the erection of wooden buildings, or of any other laws 
or ordinances for the prevention of fire within the limits of the 
city. 

Sect. 86. The power of making and establishing rules and 
regulations for the transportation and keeping of gunpowder with- 
in the city of Boston, and of granting licenses for the keeping and 
sale thereof in the city, according to the provisions of an act en- 
titled " an act further regulating the storage, safe keeping, and 
transportation of gunpowder in the city of Boston," and of any 
other act or acts on the same subject, shaU be exercised and per- 
formed by the chief and other engineers, and the power and duty 
of seizing any gunpowder kept or being within the city or harbor 
thereof contrary to the provisions of the said act or acts, shall be 
exercised and performed by the said engineers or any of them ; and 
in case of any seizure being made, by any engineer other than the 
chief, he shall forthwith report to the chief engineer, who shall cause 
said gunpowder to be libelled and prosecuted in the manner pre- 
scribed in the said acts, and all the other powers and duties grant- 
ed or enjoined in and by the said act or acts, shall be performed 
by the said chief or one of the other engineers. 

Sect. 37. All moneys received for fines, forfeitures and pen- 
alties, arising under this ordinance and the laws of this common- 
wealth, regulating the storage and transportation of gunpowder, 
the erection of buildings within the city of Boston, and the pre- 
vention and extinguishment of fire, unless hj such laws otherwise 
specially provided, shall be paid into the treasury of the city, to 
be applied in such way as is provided in the acts of this common- 
wealth. 

Sect. 38. Every person, who shall have served according to 
law in the fire department for seven successive years, shall be en- 
titled to receive a certificate thereof, signed by the mayor of said 
city, and all persons, who shall receive said certificate as afore- 



ORDINANCES. 69 

said, shall be entitled to wear the badge of the department, and to 
do duty therein, when desired so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, under such organization and management as they may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 39. There shall be paid annually to each member of the 
department such sum as the city council may from time to time 
determine ; and in case of the temporary absence from the city of 
any member, for forty-eight hours or more, he shall provide a sub- 
stitute, to be approved by the foreman of liis company, whose 
name he shall return to the clerk of the same, failing in which he 
shall forfeit one month's compensation, provided the same may be 
due him up to the time of such absence. 

Sect. 40 ^ The members of the several companies shall not as- 
semble in the houses intrusted to their care, except for the purpose 
of nominating officers, taking the engine or apparatus on an alarm 
of fire, and of returning the same to the house, and taking the 
necessary care of said apparatus after its return. 

Sect. 41. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first day of July next ; and an ordinance " establishing a fire de- 
partment and providing for preventing and extinguishing fires," 
passed June 4th, 1850, shall on said day expire, a^nd be thereafter 
of no effect and void : with the exception of the section thereof 
relating to the burning of chimneys, stove pipes or flues. And all 
officers and members of the Fire Department appointed under said 
ordinance shall on that day be removed therefrom, and shall be 
entitled to pay j?ro rata to that time. [^Passed, June 2, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hospital. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The Board of Visitors of the Boston Lunatic Hospital shall 
elect annually in the month of June, and whenever a vacancy 
may occur, some suitable Physician, as Superintendent of the 
said Hospital, who shaU constantly reside at the same, and who 
shall also perform the duties of Physician to the House of Cor- 
rection, provided the Overseers of said House of Correction shall 
so elect ; and they shall prescribe his duties. He shall be re- 
movable at their pleasure, and shall receive such compensation as 
the City Council may from time to time determine. 
[Passed June 19, 1851.] 



60 ORDINANCES. 

An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance providing for the care 
and management of the Boston Water Works. 

Be it ordained hy the 3Iayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloivs : 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate Water Board shall have the like 
powers and perform the like duties in relation to the property, 
estates, rights and privileges of the Boston Aqueduct Corporation, 
now belonging to the City, which they have and perform in rela- 
tion to the Boston Water Works by virtue of the Ordinance, to 
which this is in addition, passed October 31, 1850. 

Sect. 2. The said Water Board shall also have power to 
adopt such lawful regulations, establish such Water rates, and 
make such agreements as they may deem expedient for the sale 
and delivery of the Water from Jamaica Pond to any persons in 
the City of Roxbury. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, Xmder 
the direction of the said Water Board, to assess the amounts to 
be paid according to the said rates or agreements, and to make 
out and distribute bills therefor, and to perform the like duties in 
relation to the same as he is now required to do in relation to the 
said Boston Water Works. {^Passed Sept. 29, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The second section of an Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in 
addition to an ordinance for the regulation of Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket," passed on ithe thirtieth day of May in the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty, and being section numbered twenty on the one 
hundred and seventeenth page of the revised Ordinances, is here- 
by repealed, and the seventh section of an ordinance for the re- 
gulation of said market, passed on the twenty-sixth day of Octo- 
ber in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, and being section 
seven on the one hundred and twelfth and one hundred and thir- 
teenth pages of the Revised Ordinances, is hereby revived and 
shall be in full force and effect. \_Passed Dec. 29, 1851.] 



GOVEKNMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



1852. 



MAYOE, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, Revere House. 

[Salary $2,500. Charter, ^ 6.] 



ALDERMEN, 

JOHN PLUMMER OBER, . 
BENJAMIN JAMES, . 
SAMPSON REED, . 
JACOB SLEEPER, . 
LYMAN PERRY, . 
BENJAMIN LEACH ALLEN, 
THOMAS PHILLIPS RICH, . 
ISAAC CARY, 



13 Sheafe street. 
341 Broadway. 

7 Louisburgh square, 
53 Summer street. 
18 Stamford street. 
1 Hamilton place. 
59 Beacon street. 
719 Washington street. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 
Ward M.l. 



Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A Yose, 
George Wilson, 



Cyrus Washburn, 
James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham, 



. 114 Salem street, 
25 Charter street, 
33 Charter street, 

North cor. Richmond st. 

Ward M. 2. 

16 London street, 
11 Henry street, I East 
. 127 Webster street, I Boston. 
56 Saratoga street. 



62 



Thomas Sprague, . 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Roby, 



Asa Swallow, . 
Hem:-y J. Grardner, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Rayner, 



Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts, . 



Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, . 
William Thomas, 
Frederick H. Stimpson, 



David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer, . 



John M. Wright, . 
Daniel N. Haskell, . 
Amos Cutler, . 
George W. Warren, 



Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, . 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, Jr., 



Ezra Lincoln, . 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, . 
John F. Banister, 



Ward No. 3. 

27 Pitts street, 
bQ Portland street, 
24 Lowell street, 
9 Leverett street. 

Ward No. 4. 

7 Staniford street, 
13 Mt. Vernon streetj 

7 Park street, 
3 Derne street. 

Ward No. 5. 

8 Lynde street, 
32 Poplar street, 
61 Spring street, 
59 Lowell street. 

Ward No. 6. 

41 Hancock street, 
46 Charles street, 

71 Mt. Vernon street, 
45 Chestnut street. 

Ward No. 7. 

5 Hartford place, 

42 Bedford street, 
7 Otis place, 

18 Franklin place. 

Ward No. 8. 

Winthrop house, 
Adams house, 
Winthrop house, 
20 Rowe street. 

Ward No. 9. 

81 Boylston street, 
79 Pleasant street, 
56 Warren street, 
. 231 Tremont street. 

Ward No. 10. 

. 502 Washington street, 
7 Common street, 
38 Common street, 
3 Maple place. 



63 



Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
David Hamblen, 



Zibeon Southard,^ 
John Proctor, . 
George N. Noyes,' 
Samuel R. Spinnej, 



Ward No. 11. 

7 Ashland avenue, 
. 789 Washington street, 

20 Dover street, 
. 830 Washington street. 

Ward No. 12. 



306 Broadway, 
31 Gr street, 
69 Silver street, 
62 C street. 



South 
Boston, 



City Clerh, 

SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, Jr., 81 Pinckney street. 

Salary $1500, and for Assistant Clerks, $2000. [Chosen by the 
City Council on the first Monday in January. Charter, § 17.] 

Clerk of Common Council, 

WASHINGTON P. GREGG, 18 Leverett street. 

Salary $900. [Chosen on the first Monday in January. Char- 
ter, § 18.] 

Messenger, 

JOHNSON COLBY, 23 Prospect street. 

Salary $900. 

Assistants, 
Cyeus Gould and Henry J. Colby. 



64 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 

ON THE REDUCTION OF THE CITY DEBT. 

[Ord. p. 121.] 
The Mayor, President of the Common Council, Chairman of 
the Committee on Finance on the part of the Common 
Council. 



Aldermen. 
John P, Ober, 
Thomas P. Eich. 



ACCOUNTS. 

[Ord. p. 119.] 

Common Council. 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Farnham Plummer. 



ASSESSORS DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas P. Rich. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 



[Ord. p. 400.] 

Common Council. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Elijah Stearns, 
John J. Rayner. 



FINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 121.] 



Common Council. 
Harvey Jewell, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
William Thomas, 
Aaron Hobart, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Paul Adams. 



Aldermen. 
Isaac Cary, 
Lyman Perry. 



FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 142.] 



Common Council. 
John F. Banister, 
John Proctor, 
Andrew Burnham. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 4.] 

Common Council. 
John M. Wright, 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Benjamin .James, 
Jacob Sleeper. 



Andrew Abbott, 
Henry Lincoln, 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Odin, Jr. 



65 



HARBOR. 

174. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin L. Allen, 
Benjamin James. 



Aldermen. 
Sampson Reed, 
Benjamin James, 
Benjamin L. Allen. 



[Ord. p. 



Common Council. 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Samuel R. Spinney, 
David Hamblen. 



ORDINANCES. 

[Ord. p. 278.1 



Common Council. 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Harvey Jewell, 
William H. Calrow, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
William Thomas. 



Aldermen. 
John P. Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 306.] 

Common Council. 
Asa Swallow, 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Cyrus Washburn, 
Joseph D, Roberts, 
Frederick H. Stimpson. 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
Aldermen. 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper. 



Tlie Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Isaac Gary, 
Benjamin L. Allen. 



Alderman. 
Sampson Reed. 



lun. Eeg. p. 4.] 

Common Council. 
President Com. Council, 
ex officio. 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Peter C. Jones, 
Edward A. Vose. 

PUBLIC LANDS. 
[Ord. p. 309.] 

Common Council. 
David Chapin, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Otis Kimball, 
Aaron Hobart, 
Paul Adams. 

PRINTING. 

[Ord. p. 304.] 

Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel A. Bradbury. 



66 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
Aldermen. 
Sampson Eeed, 
Lyman Perry. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 
[Ord. p. 256.] 

Common Council. 
James Lawrence, 
Edward S. Erving, 
James B. Allen, 
George W. Warren, 
George Wilson. 



TREASURY DEPARTBIENT. 



Aldermen. 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas P. Rich. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
John P. Ober, 
Isaac Gary. 



[Ord. p. 124.] 

Common Council. 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Horace A. Breed. 

"WATER. 
[Ord. p. 411.] 

Common Council. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Thomas Sprague. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF 
MAYOR AND ALDERMEN. 



"WATCH AND POLICE. 

The Mayor. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen James, Perry, and Allen. 

CEMETERIES. 

The Mayor, Aldermen Rich and Gary. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

The Mayor, Aldermen Ober and Gary. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Reed, Sleeper, and Allen. 

DRAINS AND SEWERS. 

Aldermen Ober, Allen, and Perry. 



67 

FIKE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Gary, Kich, and Periy. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Allen, Rich, and Perry. 

INTERNAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Sleeper, Ober, and Reed. 

LAMPS, BELLS, AND CLOCKS. 

Aldermen Gary, Ober, and James. 

LAYING OUT AND WIDENING STREETS. 

Aldermen Reed, Sleeper, and James. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Rich, Gary, and Perry. 

MARKET. 

Aldermen Perry, Sleeper, and Rich. 

JAIL. 

Aldermen James, Rich, and Sleeper. 

PAVING AND REPAIRS OF STREETS. 

Aldermen Ober, James, and Allen. 

STEAM ENGINES, AND FURNACES. 

Aldermen Allen, Reed, and Rich. 



STANDING GOMMITTEE OF THE GOMMON 
GOUNGIL. 



ON ELECTIONS. 

Peter C. Jones, 
James B. Allen, 
George N. Noyes, 



Benjamin Fessenden, 
Amos Cutler. 



68 

TEEA8URY DEPARTMENT, 

Frederick U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector. Salary 
$3,000 ; and $3,800 for assistant clerks. [Chosen by the City Coun- 
cil in Convention, in May, City Charter, § 26.] 



DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



Willard Clough, 
James Pierce, 
Thomas Seward, 



Samuel Dunn, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
James W. Pierce. 



[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110 § 1, 13. City 
Ordinances, p. 119.] 

Elisha Copeland, City ^^^c?^Vor— Salary S2,000 and S600 for clerk 
hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council in May. 
City Ordinances, p. 396.] 

assessors' department. 
Principal Assessors. 
George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, George Jackson, Henry Sargent. 
Salary $1,300 each; and $2,100 for Assistant Clerks. Per diem 
Assessors, William H. Lane, Benjamin Dodd, Clement Willis, with 
an allowance of $4 for each day's service. [Charter, § 24.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1851, residing in different Wards. 
Ward. 
1— John B. Wells, 

Thomas Mair. 
2— Daniel D. Kelly, 

Nathaniel Seaver. 
3 — John Bacon, 

Osmyn Brewster. 
4 — William Denton, 

Jabez C. Howe. 
5 — John Cowdin, 

Frederick Crosby. 
6 — Charles Frederick Adams. 

John G. Davis. 



Ward. 
7 — Joseph W. Merriam, 

Nathaniel Mitchell. 
8— Otis Rich, 

Samuel Millard. 
9 — John G. Roberts, 

Greenleaf C. Sanborn. 
10 — Fitzjames Price, 

Henry Nichols. 
11 — George Palmer, 
William Lincoln. 
12 — Timothy Bedlington, 
William B. Hardino;. 



Samuel Norwood, Secretary. 
[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by concurrent 
vote of the City Council, in March. Statutes 1821. 110, § 15. 
City Ordinances, p, 399. The Assistant Assessors receive $3 for 
each day's service. 



CITY SOLICITOR. 

Peleg W. Chandler, City Solicitor, Office No. 4 Court street. 
Salary $2500, his office expenses and $200 for clerk hire. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote in June. City Ord. p. 360.] 



69 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 

The duties of Judge of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
are performed by the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, or 
some one of them. [Act 1843, eh. 7.] 

John C Park, Attorney. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Cleric. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 



SHEPJFFS AND CORONERS. 

Henry Crocker, Sheriff and Jailor. 

Watson Freeman, 

Silas P. Tarbell, 

Daniel J. Coburn, . ^ . 

Benjamin F. Bayley, ' ^ 

Francis O. Irish, 

Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Jabez Pratt, William Andrews, Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, 
Coroners. 
■John J. Haraden, Deputy Jailor. 



POLICE COURT. 

John Gray Rogers, 1 Justices of the Police Court and of the Justices'" 
Abel Cushing, V- Court. Salary $1,500 each. [Rev. St. ch. 

Thomas Russell, ) 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerh Salary $1,800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 
William Knapp, Assistant Clerh. Salary $1,100. [Rev. St. ch. 
87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary $700. 

Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court are the 
Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. Act 1843. Ch. 
61, § 2. 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police Court, con- 
stitute the Board of Accounts for the County. [Revised Statutes, 
p. 164. Ord. p. 96.] They are allowed $3 for each day's actual 
service in auditing the County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 



POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

Francis Tukey, City Marshal. Salary $1,800. [Appointed by the 
Mayor and Aldermen in May or June. City Oi'd. p. 272.] 



70 



Hezekiah Earl, Deputy Marshal. Salary $800. [Nominated by tlie 
Marshal and approved by the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ord. p. 
272.] 

Robert Taylor, Superintendeyit of Coaches^ Cabs, S^c. 

Luther A. Ham, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, ^c. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 



DAT POLICE. 



Samuel G-. Adams, 
John Bordman, 
Asa O. Butman, 
Stephen Curtis, 
George Churchill, 
Lemuel Chesley, 
John Crocker, 
Joshua Dunbar, 
Alvin S. Drew, 
William D. Eaton, 
Samuel B. Fuller, 
Cornelius P. V. Foster, 
Jacob Hook, 
Samuel Hinkson, 
Charles B. Harlow, 
Simon B. Heustis, 
James Jewett, 
Daniel Johnson, 
George M. King, 
James S. Kimball, 
Rufus Leighton, 



Harrison Marsh, 
Reuben P. Moore, 
Asa Morrill, 
Edward J. Newhall, 
George W. Oliver, 
John H. Osborn, 
John C. Pattee, 
Benjamin O. Pettingill, 
John L. Philbrick, 
Lysander Ripley, 
Edward G. Richardson, 
Atwell Richardson, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Alfred Sleeper, 
Edward H. Savage, 
William B. Tarleton, 
Archibald E. Tov/le, 
Silas Warren, 
Arnold C. Whitcomb, 
James B. Weeks. 



NIGHT POLICE. 



Frederick P. 
Oscar Bingham, 
Joshua C. Batchelder, 
Mitchell Bowker, 
William O. Cheswell, 
Adams P. Downes, 
Aaron B. Downes, 
Amos Dodge, 
George K. Gerry, 
Mark F. Hinckley, 
Nathaniel K. Hammond, 



Ingalls, Captain. 

James D. Jackson, 
John P. Lynch, 
James H. Norwood, 
George R. Pichard, 
William Prescott, jr., 
John W. Prentiss, 
James 0. Rogers, 
James P. Rice, 
John C. Warren. 



John B. Currier, 
George Johnson, 
Joseph Pierce, 



SUBSTITUTES. 

Albert Sleeper, 
Frederick G. Studley. 

[City OrdinanceSj p. 301.] 



n 



Gustavus Andrews, 
Josiah Baldwin, 
Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp, 
WiUard Clough, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
George J. Cooledge, 
George J. Dexter, 
"William Easterbrook, 
Elislia V. Glover, 
David A, Granger, 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
Richard Hosea, 
John C. Harrington, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
E. J. Jones, 
"William K. Jones, 
Isaac B. Kimball, 
■William Loring, 
John T. Lawton, 
John C. Leighton, 
Joseph W. Leighton, 



CONSTABLES. 

Appointed and Qualified. 

Charles J. Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
Alonzo F. Neale, 
David Patterson, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
James W. Pierce, 
Jabez Pratt, 
Joseph P. Eaymond, 
Edwin Rice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
George Smith, 
Ebenezer Shute, 
Elijah K. Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Jonas Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson, 
Samuel S. Vialle. 
[City Ord. p. 83.] 



The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the Citizens 
on Election Days. 

Ward. 

7 — Geoi'ge J. Dexter, 



Ward. 

1 — William K. Jones, 

2 — Edwin Rice, 

3 — Jabez Pratt, 

4 — Jonas Stratton, 

5 — William Easterbrook, 

6 — Elisha V. Glover, 



-Charles Smith, 
9_Willard Clough, 
10 — Josiah Baldwin, 
11 — David Patterson, 
12— John T. Lawton. 



Officers appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make complaints 
against Truant Children and Absentees from School. [City Ordi- 
nance p. 402.] 

Oliver H. Spurr, I Rufus Leighton. 

Frederick P. Ingalls, | 



WATCH DEPARTMENT. 

James Barry, Captain of the Watch. Office, City Building, Court 
square. Salary ^600. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
City Ordinances, p. 408.] 



72 

The Watch Department consists of seven divisions, viz : the East, 
West, North, South — the Boylston Division, which includes all 
above Summer and below Orange streets, and the South Boston and 
East Boston divisions. 

There are 17 Constables of the Watch, at S1.25 per night. 225 
Watchmen, at $1.00 per night. 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

John H. Eastburn, City Printer. Work done by contract. [City 
Ordinances, p. 304:,] 

Tliere are nine newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertise- 
ments, &)'c. are puhlished. Not yet elected, those of last year were 
the Daily Advertiser, Courier, Atlas, Post, morning papers. Daily 
Evening Transcript, Boston Daily Journal, Daily Evening Trav- 
eller, evening papers. [Elected by joint ballot of the City Coun- 
cil. Compensation not exceeding 1300 each per annum.] 



HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. Salary 
SI, 200 and Board. [Chosen by concui'rent vote in May. City 
Ordinances, p. 211.] 

Nicholas Berry, Captain of the Quarantine Boat, pay S50 per month. 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, and the 
men are paid by the City. She is used as a boarding boat, and 
visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to inspect their crews, 
passengers, and cargoes. 

George C. S. Choate, Assistant Physician. Salary S600 and board. 
[Chosen and paid by the Directors of the House of Industry, &c.] 

Jonathan Bruce, Keeper of Rainsford Island. [Appointed by the 
Mayor and Aldermen. Ordinances, p. 154.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary SI, 000. Chosen by con- 
current vote in May. Office, City Building, Court square. [City 
Ordinances, p. 209.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, George C. Shattuck, Jacob Bige- 
low, Zabdiel B. Adams, Consulting Physicians. [Chosen by con- 
current vote in May or June. City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Artemas Simonds, City Registrar. Chosen in February or March 
by concurrent vote of the City Council. [City Ordinances, p. 327.] 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial Grounds 
and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, and Marriages, and 
grants Certificates of all Intentions of Marriage. Salary Si, 200, 
and an allowance of S850 for Clerk hire. 

William Palfrey, Clerk. 

George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 



73 



UNDERTAKERS. 



[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City Oi'di- 
nances, p. 212.] 

Henry Davis, 179 Hanover street. 

Thomas Haskell, Cooper street. 

Caleb I. Pratt, Federal street. 

Oren Faxon, Washington street. 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Richard Dillon, Fayette court. 

John Peak, 1 Leverett street. 

Charles Houghton, Fourth street. South Boston. 

Constant T. Benson, 65 Prince street. 

George Johnson, Pitts place. 

Harura Merrill, 3 Russell place. 

John White, Lewis street, East Boston. 

Obed Pratt, Spring street. 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Marlborough Chapel. 

William Cooley, McLean street. 

Charles Cook, Winter street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's church. 

David Marden, Revere place. 

John W. Pierce, 56 High street. 

Ware Wilkinson, 24 Marion street. 

Nahum P. Whitney, 1 Lovett place. 

James Lynde, 8|- Tileston street. 

Philip E. Field,'"63 B street, South Boston. 

John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 7 Purchase street. 

Levi L. Whitcomb, East Boston. 

Ethan N. Coburn, 16 Sudbury street. 

Seth Hall, West Canton street. 

William Willcutt, South street. 

Charles B. Wells, Superintendent of Common Sewers. Salary $1,200. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in May or June. City Ordinances, p. 

358.] 

Surveyors of Highways. [Charter § 22. Ordinances, p. 378.] 

Thomas Hunting, Superintendent of Streets. Salary $1,400. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 
383.] 



PUBLIC LANDS AND BUILDINGS, LAMPS, BRIDGES, 
AND HARBOR. 

James McAllaster, Superintendent of Pullic Buildings. Office, City 
Hall. Salary $1,200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April or 
May. City Ordinances, 307.] 



74 

Stephen Tucker, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office City Hall. 
Salary $1,200. [Chosen in April or May. City Ordinances, p. 
311.] 

Charles B. Eice, Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market. Salary $1,100. 
[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in June or July. City 
Ordinances, p. 109.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

Gilbert Nurse, Deputy Clerk. Salary $700 per annum. [City Or- 
dinances, p. 109.] 

Thomas Bennett, Assistant Clerk and Police Officer. $2 per day. 

James Barry, Superintendent of Lamps. Office, City Building. 
Salary $600 per annum. [Appointed by the Mayor and Alder- 
men. City Ordinances, p. 250.] 
There are 1,198 Gas Lamps, 1,316 Oil Lamps, 14 Gas Lighters, 

and 15 Oil Lighters. The Lamps are now lighted on an average 26 

nights per month. 

The pay of the Lighters of the Oil Lamps is $1.56 per 100 light- 
ings, for trimming and lighting. 

The pay of the Gas Lighters is $1.19 per 100 lightings, for light- 
ing and extinguishing. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. Salary 
$800. [Chosen by concurrent vote, " first acted upon by the May- 
or and Aldermen," in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 
54.] 

Abner J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. Salary 
$400. [Chosen by concurrent vote " first acted upon by the May- 
or and Aldermen," in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 
54.] 

Alvah Kelley. Salary $200. Superititendent of the Fast Boston 
and Chelsea Free Bridge. [Chosen by concurrent vote in January 
or February.] 

Daniel MeTr'iW, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary $700. 

George P. Tewksbury, Harbor Master. Salary $1,200. Chosen 
by concurrent vote annually, " if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 172.] 

FIRE DEPARTMENT, 

Chief Engineer, 

"William Baenicoat, 372 Tremont street. Salary $1,200. 

Assistant Engineers, Salary $250 each. 

Charles S. Clark, 32 Snowhill street, 

Joshua Jacobs, Arch street, 

George W. Bird, Hawthorn place. 

Elisha Smith, jr., 9 London street. 

Nathaniel Seaver, Winthrop street. East Boston. 



75 



Frederick A. Colburn, 41 Tremont row. 

Eichard S. Martin, 32 Pemberton square. 

Lewis Beck, 17 Belmont street. 

George S. Thorn, Athens street, South Boston. 

Henry Hart, Secretary. Salary $800. 
Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote. [Ordinances, 
pp. 126, 132.] 

Foremen of Engines. 



Maseppa Co. No. I. 
Elijah H. Goodwin, 

Perlcins Co. No. 2. 
Joshua Jenkins, 

Eagle Go. No. 3. 
John H. Clifford, 

Cataract Co. No. 4. 
Samuel S. Nutting, 

Extinguisher Go. No. 5. 
David C. Maloon, 

Melville Go. No. 6. 
Charles Carter, 

Howard Co. No. 7. 
Stephen B. Kendall, 

Boston Co. No. 8. 
William A. Green, 

Maverick Co. No. 9. 
Samuel Y. Chase, 

Old North Co. No. 10. 
David P. Matthews, 

Hbolc and Ladder Co. No. 1. 
Nathaniel W. Pratt, 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 2. 
Warren Foster, 

Hook and Ladder Go. No. 3. 
Otis N. Marston, 

Hydrant Go. No. 1. 
Daniel Hardy, 

Hydrant Go. No. 2. 
John M. Butterfield, 

Hydrant Co. No. 3. 
John S. Ryan, 

Hydrant Go. No. 4. 
Charles Carver, 

Hydrant Go. No. 5. 
William Lovell, 

Hydrant Co. No. 6. 



Broadway, South Boston. 
148 E street. South Boston. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
B street, South Boston. 

Washington street. 
219 Harrison avenue. 

Foot of Mt. Vernon street. 
5 Fruit street. 

East street. 
34 Lincoln street. 

Leverett street. 

69 South Margin street. 

Purchase street. 

10 Morton place. 

Commercial street. 
19|^ Hanover street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
London street, East Boston. 

Eagle Hill, East Boston. 
Lexington street, East Boston. 

Friend street. 
5 Cotting street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
3 New street. East Boston. 

Harrison Avenue. 
1 Maiden place. 

Salem street. 

11 Snowhill street. 

Hudson street. 
16 Seneca street. 

Friend street. 

70 High street. 

Tremont street. 
88 Warren street. 

Shaivmut avenue. 
West Dedhara street. 

Paris st7-eet, East Boston, 



76 

There are attached to the department, 15 Foremen of Engine, Hook 
and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at S150 each ; 15 Assistant 
Foremen, at $125 each; 15 Clerks, at S125each; 15 Stewards, at 
S125 each ; 344 Members, at SlOO each ; 4 Foremen, at S75 each; 
4 Assistant Foremen, at i60 each ; 4 Clerks, at S60 each ; 4 Stew- 
ards, at $60 each ; 84 Members, at S50 each. There are 2 Engine 
Companies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant Com- 
pany at East Boston, which are not required to attend Fires in the 
City proper, except by special order of the Chief Engineer — their 
compensation is as follows — Foremen $75 each per annum ; Assist- 
ant Foremen $60 each; Clerks, $16 each; Stewards, $20 each; 
Members $50 each. [Ordinances, pp. 126, 132.] 



SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in February. City Ord. p. 260.] 

CHARLES LEIGHTON. 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 
[City Ordinances, p. 261.] 
Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 

Edwin Allyn, Washington street, near Dedham street. 
Charles Bullard, 14 Fayette street. 

Francis Bullard, 2 Oak place. 

Henry Bullard, 512 Washington street. 

George W. Cram, 196 Harrison avenue. 
George Davis, 4 Brookline street. 

George Dupee, 332 Ti-emont street. 

Osgood Eaton, Prince, corner of Salem street. 

George Hall, 22 South Russell street. 

Rolun Hartshorn, Lincoln street. 

Charles Hersey; 63 Allen street. 
Joseph F. Huntress, 39 Oak street. 

John Lefavor, Webster street, East Boston. 

Josiah Marston, Bolton street, near E street. 

Eben M. Plumer, No. 3 Snelling place. 

Amasa G. Smith, 38 Broad street. 
Charles W, Smith, Camden street. 
Seth Thaxter, 83 Warren street. 

Samuel Waldron, Fourth, near B street, South Boston. 
Mark Webster, 
Edward Willett, 516 Washington street. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, No. 31 Dover street. 

Surveyors of Oah, Hard Wood, S,-c. 
Seth Brooks, Saratoga street, East Boston. 

Gad Leavitt, Franklin House. 



77 

The following officers are first elected by the Mayor and Aldermen 
with the concurrence of the Common Council. They are all paid by 
fees. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 

Inspectors of Lime. — Robert Marsh, Joel Wheeler. 

Fence Viewers. — Romanus Emerson, John Sproul. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Henry Brown and Moses Miller. 

Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — John K. Carlton, and John Lang. 

Assay Master. — Charles T. Jackson, M. D. 

Field Drivers and Po%ind Keepers. — Thomas Gerrish, Ira E. San- 
born, and David Briggs. 

The following officers are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
Weigher of Hay, Sfc. — John R. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurer of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon. [Ordinance, p. 
254.] 

Measurers of Wood and Bark, brought hy land. — John R. Bradford, 
Amos Bates, William Shattuck, Moses Hadley, Hollis Moore. [Or- 
dinances, p. 444.] 

Measurers of Wood, brought by water. — Jonathan Thaster, Warren 
Bowker, Daniel A. Rogers, John Paul. [Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Weigher of Boats and Lighters. — Edward Loring. — [Appointed in 
March or April. Ordinances, p. 33.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from time to time, until the 
first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures. — Edward Loring. [Ordinances, 
pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Elbridge G. Dudley, Azor 
Maynard, Israel M. Barnes, Samuel Lane, Ebenezer H. Redding, 
Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, William A. Lewis. [Ordi- 
nances, p. 181.] 



PUBLIC CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Institutions, the 
Master of the House of Correction, are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council. The other officers are appointed by the Direc- 
tors of the different Houses. 

HOUSES OF INDUSTRY AND REFORMATION. 

Office, City Hall 

Directors — Thomas Hollis, Chairman, Samuel Leeds, Alfred A. Wel- 
lington, William Dall, David Kimball, John Flint, Nathaniel Brew- 
er, John Cowdin and Henry M. Holbrook. [Chosen in May. Or- 
dinances, p. 236,] 



78 

Superintendent— Friend. Crane. Salary $1,000, and board in house. 

Assistant. — Bickford Lang. Salary $30 per month and board. 

Clerk of Directors.— WiWiam Willett. Salary $1,200, 

In the House of Industry, there is a Matron's Assistant, Overseer of 
Clothing and Overseer of Kitchen, who receive $204 each, from 
the City. There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston 
and Mason Funds to the Chaplain, $500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; 
Assistant Teacher, $300; and four females each $156. 

In the House of Reformation Department, there is paid to the Male 
Teacher, $500, and to one Assistant $350, and to one $240 ; and 
to the Matron, $200. [Appointed by the Directors.] 

There are two Assistant Farmers, at a salary of $300 each, whose 
services are for both Houses. 

HOUSE OF CORRECTION. 

Office, City Hall. 

Overseers. — William T. Andrews, Chairman, George Darracott, Uriel 
Crocker, James Clark, and Thomas Restieaux. Chosen from time 
to time, generally in the month of May. [Ordinances, p. 219.] 

Master. — Charles Eobbins. Salary $1,200, and board in House. 

Cleric to Master. — R. "W. Crossett. Salary $400, and board in House. 

Clerk to Overseers. — Eliphalet P. Hartshorn. Salary $700. 

Chaplain.— 'R^Y. Shipley W. Willson. Salary $750. 

There is also paid to six Male Assistants, $300 each, and board ; and 
three Female Assistants, $200 each. Also, to one Cook, $3.50 
per week. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitor's, — Charles Edw. Cook, Chairman, John P. Ober, Henry 
Lincoln, Otis Clapp, George Savage, Samuel S. Perkins, Alexan- 
der H. Rice. [Chosen in January or February. Ordinances, p. 
270.] 

Clement A. Walker, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to all the 
above institutions. Salary $1,200, and board in the House. 
[Chosen in June by the Visitors. Mun. Reg. p. 59.] 

Chaplain. — Rev. Louis Dwight. 

There are also attached to this Institution, 

Sumner Crosby, Steward, Salary $600 per year. 

Harriet Crosby, Matron, " $200 " 

Seven male Attendants and Assistants, $180 each ; six female At- 
tendants and Assistants, $130 each; one Laundress and one House- 
keeper, at $156 each ; two Cooks, at $2 per week ; one Sempstress, 
at $2.50 per week ; Table and Chamber Girl at $2 per week. 



79 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at South 
Boston receive S600, which amount is shared by the three Insti- 
tutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

Office, City Hall. 
(Charter §17.) 
( Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 



Ward. 

1 — Alexander Wood, 

2 — Samuel Stimson, 

3 — Benjamin T. Gould, 

4 — Silas Durkee, 

5 — Daniel Henchman, 

6 — Thomas Haviland, 



Ward. 
7 — John "W. Warren, jr., 
8 — Joseph Lewis, 
9 — Calvin Whiting, 
10— John F. W. Lane, 
11 — Henry R. Andrews, 
12— Thomas Hill, jr. 



James Phillips, Secretary. Salary $800. 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE WATER BOARD. 

Office 119 Washington street. 
[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordinances, p. 



424.] 

Thomas Wetmore, Chairman. 



Jonathan Preston, 
Samuel A. Eliot, 
John T. Heard. 



Henry B. Rogers, 
James W. Sever, 
John H. Wilkins, 

Samuel Holbrook, Cleric. 
J. Avery Richards, Water Registrar. Salary ^1,200. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 



CITY ENGINEER. 

E. Sylvester Chesbrough. Salary $2,500. 

George H. Bailey, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1,000. 

Office 119 Washington street. 
[Chosen in September or October, by concurrent vote. Ordinances, 
p. 425.] 



80 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 



Benjamin Seaver, Mayor, Chairman, _ ) ^^ oMciis. 

Henry J. Gardner, President Common Council, ) ^ 



\The following are chosen in each Ward.'] 



"Ward. 

1 Rev. Edward Beecher, 

Benson Leavitt. 
2 Dr. William H. Thorndike, 

Silas B. Hahn. 
3 Daniel P. Simpson, 

Isaac H. Hazelton. 
4 Rev. S. K. Lothrop, 

Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 
5 Frederick Emerson, 

Loring Norcross. 
6 Frederick U. Tracy, 

J. Thomas Stevenson. 



Ward. 

7 Dr. Z. B. Adams, 

Dr. Le Baron Russell. 

8 Samuel W. Bates, 

Dr. Edward H. Clarke. 

9 Dr. N. C. Keep, 

E. Hasket Derby. 

10 Rev. Joseph B. Felt.' 

Rev. George M. Randall, 

11 William H. Foster, 

George Eaton. 

12 Alvan Simonds, 

Francis Alger. 



Nathan Bishop, Superintendent of Public Schools. Office in City 
Hall. Office hours from 12 to 1^ o'clock, P. M. 

Edward Capen, Secretary of School Committee. — Will be in the Su- 
perintendent's office from 9 o'clock, A. M. to 12 M., and from 3 to 
5 P.M. 



SUB-C OMMITTEES. 

Committee on Booh — Messrs. Felt, Beecher, Winslow, Adams, and 
Eaton. 

Committee of Conference with Primary School Committee — Messrs. 
Tracy, Bates, and Alger. 

Committee on the Erection, Alteration and Ventilation of School 
Houses — Messrs. Emerson, Stevenson, and Hazelton. 

Committee on Temporary Instruction — Messrs. Leavitt, Foster, and 
Derby. 

Committee on Accounts — Messrs. Stevenson, Leavitt, and Foster. 

Annual Examining Committee — Messrs. Eaton, Bates, Tracy, Ran- 
dall, Hahn, Russell, Clarke, Simpson, and Alger. 



81 




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83 



mSTEUCTERS IN THE VAEIOFS SCHOOLS. 



Note. The Masters of the Latin and English High Schools have 
a salary of S2,400 each per annum. The Sub-Masters of both schools 
have $1,500 each per annum — and the Ushers in both schools have 
S800 each for the Jirst year of service, with an annual increase of 
SlOO for each additional year of service until the salary amounts to 
$1,200, at which sum it remains fixed. 

All Grammar and Writing Masters have a salary, of $1,500 each ; 
all Suh-Masters in the Grammar Schools have $1,000 each per an- 
num — all Ushers in said schools have $800 each per annum — Head 
Assistants $A00 each, and all other Assistants $250 for the first year's 
service ; $300 for the second year's service ; and $350 for the third 
and succeeding years. 

The Teachers of Music receive $100 a year for instruction jn each 
school, which sum includes the consideration for the use of a Piano 
Forte. [All the salaries are fixed by the School Committee.] 

LATIN. 

Francis Gardner, Master. 

Caleb Emery, Sub-Master. 

John Noble, and Charles Hale, Ushers. 

Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

ENGLISH HIGH. 

Thomas Sherwin, Master. 

Luther Robinson, JFirsf Sub-Master. 

Francis S. Williams, Second Sub-Master. 

Samuel M. Weston, and Charles M. Cumston, Ushers. 

ADAMS. 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Bartholomew Wood, Sub-Master. 

Ira Cheever, Usher. 

Mary E. Beck, Lucy F. Hall, Mary M. Knight, Assistants. . 

A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

B I G E L o w, 

Frederick Crafts, Master. 

Julia M. Baxter, H. Maria Manning, Martha C. Jenks, Eebecca M. 
Harris, Celinda Seaver, Elizabeth Williams, Elizabeth Crafts, As- 
sistants. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 



83 



B O W D O I N . 

Abraham Andrews, Grammar Master. 

James Robinson, Writing Master. 

Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, Mary S. Robinson, Hannah S. 

Andrews, Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Marcy Ann Smith, Louisa Clark, 

Martha A. Palmer, Assistants. 
A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

BOYLSTON. 

John C. Dore, Grammar Master. 

Charles Kimball, Writing Master. 

William T. Adams, and Franklin Webster, Ushers. 

Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, Catharine H. Grover, Ellen M. S. Tread- 
well, Maria A. Moulton, Anna A. Foster, Rosetta M. Hodges, 
Mary S. Smith, Laura P. Holland, Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

BRIMMER. 

Joshua Bates, jr., Grammar Master. 

John H. Butler, Writing Master. 

Sumner Albee, and Daniel C. Brown, Ushers. 

Ellen B. Cunningham, and Lucy W. Butler, Assistants. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN, FOR BOYS. 

John p. Averill, Master. 

William Alfred Jenks, Usher. 

Martha E. Symmes, Sarah J. Chamberlain, Marilla M. Caverno, 

Louisa A. H. Winnek, Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN, FOR GIRLS. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Angeline A. Brigham, Lucy A. Wiggin, Caroline H. Rice, Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

DWIGHT, FOR BOYS. 

James A. Page, Master. 

William F. Basto, Usher. 

Clarissa Guild, Elizabeth P. Wyman, Eliza M. Josselyn, Maria E. 

Damrell, Assistants. 
Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

DTVIGHT, FOR GIRLS. 

George B. Hyde, Master. 

Eliza A. Harding, Maria S. Breed, Henrietta Draper, Pemelia W. 
Cate, Assistants. 



84 



ELIOT. 

William O. Ayers, Grammar Master. 

Levi Conant, Writing Master. 

Quincy A, Gilmore, Usher. 

Caroline W. Carter, Hannah M. Damon, Anna S. Carter, Eliza L. 

Felt, Caroline A. Conant, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

ENDICOTT, EAST. 

John F. Nourse, Master. 

William A. Dickinson, Usher. 

C. H. Clement, Sarah S. French, Caroline King, Assistants. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

ENDICOTT, WEST. 

Joseph William Jenks, Master. 
Samuel W. Mason, Usher. 
Sophia Shepard, Assistant. 

FRANKLIN. 

Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

Catharine T. Simonds, Sarah A. M. Cushing, Head Assistants. 

Mary J. Leach, Lucy M. Beck, Fannie E. Field, Helen M. Ireson, 

Caroline A. Green, Sarah A. Gale, Fannie A. Hardon, Mary J. 

Tarr, Assistants. 
George W. Pratt, 3fusic Teacher. 

HANCOCK. 

George Allen, jr.. Master. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Sub-Master. 

Henrietta L. Pierce, Sarah E. White, Mary A. Lewis, Helen M. 
Johnson, S. 0. H. Eaton, Lucy W. Ripley, Mary F. Kimball, 
Acsah Barnes, M. R. Brigham, M. Sherman, E. F. McKay, ^s- 
sistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

H A w E s . 

John A. Harris, Master. 

Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. 

Henry C. Hardon, Usher. 

Ann E. Dearborn, Louisa J. Henderson, Lucy C. Jenks, Georgianna 

Watts, Assistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

JOHNSON, NORTH. 

Richard G. Parker, Master. 

Rebecca P. Barry, Helen E. Vans, Cai'oline Leighton, Assistants. 



Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 



85 

JOHNSON, SOUTH. 

Joseph Hale, Master. 

Martha E. Towne, Almira Seymour, Mary Jane Danforth, Assistants. 

LYMAN, FOR BOYS. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. 

James F. Blackinton, Usher. 

Eliza L. Pierce, Mary O. Bulfinch, A. G. Smith, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

LYMAN, FOR GIRLS. 

Isaac F. Shepard, Master. 

Mary P. Moulton, Eliza A. Wiggin, Jane M. Hight, Emeline French, 
Mary E. Melvin, Cordelia Lothrop, Assistants. 

MATHER. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Grammar Master. 

Jonathan Battles, jr., Writing blaster. 

Asa Weeks, Sub-Master. 

Margaret A. Moody, Lucy Floyd, Margaret A. Pease, Elizabeth B. 
Raynolds, Alice Cooper, Laura A. Bartholomew, Mary Jane New- 
march, Assistants. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

M A T H E w. 
Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Music* 
Winslow Battles, Sub-Master. 
Robert Swan, Dean F. Battles, Ushers. 

Elizabeth L, West, Elizabeth D. Moulton, Elizabeth P. Hopkins, S. 
W. I. Copeland, Lucy F. Kimball, Assistants. 

PHILLIPS. 

James Hovey, Grammar Master. 

Benjamin Drew, jr., Writing Master. 

Amphion Gates, John M. Col cord, Ushers. 

Catharine P. Dow, Eliza F. Copeland, Mary E. Leach, Assistants. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

Q u I N c Y. 

John D. Philbrick, Master. 

Charles E. Valentine, Sub-Master. 

B. W. Putnam and James 0. Brown, Ushers. 

Sarah G. Hay, Josephine L. Tucker, Lucy D. Osborn, Lydia A. 
Hanson, Elizabeth A. G. Philbrick, Abbie Dalton, Sarah B. Put- 
nam, Sophia A. Leverett, Caroline D. Cotton, Angelina A. Moulton, 
Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

'^ No increase of salary allowed for instruction in Music. 



86 



S M I T H o 

Thomas Paul, Master. 
Charlotte M. Knowles, Assistant. 
James C. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

WELLS. 

Cornelius Walker, Grammar Master. 
Reuben Swan, jr., Writing Master. 
William H. Swan, Usher. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Mary S. Carter, Sarah J. Lothrop, Abby Bias- 
land, Lydia Hayward, Maria E. Chace, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

WINTHKOP. 

Henry Williams, jr., Master. 

Anna B. Page, Head Assistant. 

Elizabeth R. Briggs, Susan A. W. Loring, Caroline A. Rogers, Mary 

C. Weed, Abbie R. Parish, Martha I. Cotton, Frances M. Huflf- 

master, Almira Paul, Assistants. 
George W. Pratt, Music Teacher. 



87 





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13 



98 



ARD OFFICERS 



1852. 



Ward No, 1. 



Warden. 
Moses Miller, 

Clerk. 
Charles A. Turner, 



Warden. 
Eichard Libby, 

Clerk. 
Harrison Finney, 



Warden. 
Ephraim Nute, 

Clerk. 
William B. Stimpson, 



Warden. 
George M. Browne, 



aerk. 



R. C. Bodfish, 



Inspectors. 
Charles G. Wells, 
E. Gardner Ober, 
Erastus W. Leavens, 
Charles B. Leavitt, 
George R. Spinney. 



Ward No. 2. 



Inspectors. 
James Nute, 
Mark Googins, 
Edmund Snow, 
Ezra Vinal, 
A. Weeks. 



Ward No. 3. 



Inspectors. 
E. W. Danforth, 
William J. Stetson, 
Hiland Lockwood, 
James W. Russell, 



Ward No. 4. 



Inspectors. 
George T. Stearns, 
George W. Pratt, 
John M. Clark, 
Obed B. Low, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, jr. 



99 



Ward No. 5. 



Warden. 
Eben H. Little, 

Clerh. 
A. E. Johonnot, 



Warden, 
David Kimball, 

Clerk. 
J. Mason Parker, 



Warden. 
Charles H. Brown, 

Glerh. 
Hales W. Suter, 



Warden. 
Clement Willis, 

Clerh. 
Stephen G. Deblois, 



]yarden. 
William C. Eayrs, 

Glerh 
Frederick S. Ivettelle, 



Warden. 
Plenry W. Button, 

Clerh. 
Geoi'ge F. Woodman, 



Inspectors. 
Edward 11. Tombs, 
John S. Pear, 
George H. Wyraan, 
George H. Ladd, 
Daniel Kimball, jr. 



Ward No. 6. 



Inspectors. 

Edward M. Gary, 
Sidney Bartlett, jr., 
.Tames C. Dunn, jr., 
Hiram Simmons, 
Edwin M. Holbrook. 



Ward No. 7. 



Inspectors. 
W. C. Merriam, 
H. E. Bayley, 
George Dickinson, 
George L. Pratt, 
Horatio R. Storer. 



V/ard No. 8. 



Inspectors. 
R. B. Lincoln, 
Isaac S. Church, 
B. F. Baker, (Oxford st.,) 
E. T. Russell, jr., 
,]. W. Lee. 



Ward No. 9. 



Inspectors. 
Lewis Wentworth, 
Edward C. Wheelock, 
Daniel B. Newhall, 
Amos C. Clapp, 
Thomas Lewis. 



Ward No. 10. 



Inspectors. 
Daniel Brown, 
Jesse Tirrell, 
John H. Blood, 
Homer Saunders, 
Charles T. Tilton. 



100 



Ward No. 11. 



Warden. 
Charles Mayo, 

Clerh 
John A. CummiDgs, 



Warden. 
John D. Richardson, 

Clerh 
Willis H. Colburn, 



Inspectors. 
David W. Child, 
Charles Caverly, 
Nathan Crowell, 
William S. Bartlett, 
Gilbert Parmlee. 



Ward No. 12. 



Inspectors. 
Alvin Howard, 
S. A. Stackpole, 
W. A. Sprague, 
J. F. Whittemore, 
Joseph P. Batson. 



101 



WARDS. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, across Hanover 
street to Salem street ; thence by the centre of Salem street to Coop- 
er street ; thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charles- 
town street to Beverly street ; thence by the centre of Beverly to 
Causeway street ; thence across Causeway street, and in the same 
direction with Beverly street, to the water ; thence by the water to 
the point begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the Fitchburg 
Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the central line of Bever- 
ly street if extended to the water ; thence by such line and the centre 
of Beverly street to Charlestown sti'eet ; thence across Charlestown 
street, and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by 
the centre of Salem street to Richmond street ; thence by the centre 
of Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hano- 
ver street to Court street ; thence by the centi-e of Court street to 
Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett street ; 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street; thence 
by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same dii'ection with Lowell 
street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; 
thence by the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by 
the centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre of 
Green street to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford 
street to Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge 
street to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and 
Mount Vernon street, to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street, to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of Winter street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to India street ; 
thence across India street by a straight line, to the water on the 
south side of Central wharf; thence by the water to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Staniford street ; 
thence by the centre of Staniford street to Green street ; thence by 
the centre of Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett 
streets ; thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 



10'^ 

thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by 
the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple street ; 
thence by the centre of Temple and Mount Vernon streets to Beacon 
street ; thence by the centre of Beacon street and the Western avenue 
to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western 
avenue ; thence northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water, on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence across India street, by a straight line to Milk street ; thence 
by the centre of Milk street to Washington street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Washington street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of 
Winter street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to West street; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Essex street ; thence by centre of Essex street to South street ; 
thence by centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by cen- 
tre of Summer street, and by a straight line in continuation there- 
of, to the vv'ater, on the northerly side of Summer street wharf; thence 
by water to point begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of Summer 
street wharf; thence by a straight line in continuation of the centre 
of Summer street, and by the centre of Summer street to South 
street ; thence by the centre of South street to Essex street ; thence 
by the centi-e of Essex street to Kingston street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Kingston street to Bedford street ; thence by the centre of Bed- 
ford street and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre 
of Tremont street to Eliot street; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Kneeland 
street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thence 
crossing Sea street by a straight line, to the water on the southerly 
side of Howe's wharf ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of the Western 
avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West Castle street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Rail- 
road Bridge ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Rail- 
road to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence by 
said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10 — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of Howe's 
wharf; thence by a straight line across Sea street to Kneeland street ; 
thence by the centre of Kneeland to Washington street ; thence across 
Washington street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Wai-ren 



103 

street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington street ; 
thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence 
by the centre of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end 
of the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water to the point be- 
gun at, 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Kox- 
bury, on the Boston and Worcester Railroad ; thence by the centre 
of the Boston and Worcester Eailroad to the Railroad Bridge ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to West Castle street ; thence 
by the centre of West Castle street to Washington street ; thence by 
the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence by the centre 
of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston 
South Bridge ; thence by the water to the boundary line between 
Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said boundary line to the point 
begun at. 

No. 12.— All South Boston. 



104 



TAXES. 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Eeal and Personal Estates 
in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been as follows : 

1846. 

Valuation of Real Estate, S90,119,600.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, ... - 68,720,000.00 



Total Valuation, 148,839,600.00 



At S6.00 per S1,OO0, is ^ 893,037.60 

No. of Polls 25,974 at $1.50, - - . . 38,961.00 



Total Tax for 1846, 931,998.60 

Increase over 1845, viz : 
Property, Real, S8,l 28,200.00, being about 9.91 per cent. 

Personal, 4,762,700.00, 8.82 



Total, $12,890,900.00, being 9.48 per cent. 
Polls, 1,687, 6.90 



184 7. 



Valuation of Real Estate, $97,764,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 64,595,900.00 



Total Valuation, 162,360,400.00 



At $6.00 per $1,000, is 974,162.40 

No. of Polls 27,008, at $1.50 each, is - - 40,512.00 



Total Tax for 1847, 1,014,674.40 

Increase over 1846, viz : 
Property, Real, $7,644,900.00, being about 8.48 per cent. 

Personal, 5,875,900.00, 10.00 



Total, 13,533,800.00, being 9.08 per cent. 

Polls, 1,034, 3.94 



105 



1848. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - ' - - - SI 00,403,200.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 67,324,800.00 



Total Valuation, - - - - - - 167,728,000.00 

At $6.50 per 1,000, is 1,090,232.00 

No. of Polls, 27,726, $1.50 each, is - - - 41,589.00 

Total Tax for 1848, 1,131,821.00 

Increase over 1847, viz : 
Property, Eeal, $2,638,700.00, being about 2.70 per cent. 

Personal, 2,728,900.00, 5.22 



Total, $5,367,600.00, being 3.31 per cent. 
Polls, 718, 2.66 



1849. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - - - $102,827,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 71,352,700.00 



Total Valuation, - - - - - - 174,180,200.00 



At $6.50 per $1,000, is - - - -_ - 1,132,171.30 

No, of Polls, 28,363, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,544.50 



Total Tax for 1849, 1,174,715.80 

Increase over 1848, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,424,300.00, being 2.4145 per cent. - 

Personal, 4,027,900.00, 5.9827 



Total, $6,452,200.00, being 3.846 per cent. 
Polls, 637, 2.297 



106 



185 0. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $105,093,400.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 74,907,100.00 



Total Valuation, 180,000,500.00 



At S6.80 per S1,000, is - - - - - 1,224,003.40 

No. of Polls, 28,018, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,027.00 



Total Tax for 1850, 1,266,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,265,900, being 2.203 per cent. 
Personal, 3,554,400, 4,981 



Total, $5,820,300, being 3,341 per cent. 
Polls decreased, 345, being a loss of 12,203. 



185 1. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $109,358,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 78,588,500.00 



Total Valuation, $187,947,000.00 



At $7 per 1000, is 1,315,629.00 

No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - - - 42,667.50 



Total Tax for 1851, $1,358,296.50 

Increase over 1850, viz : 
Property, Real, $4,265,100, being 4.058 per cent. 

Personal, 3,681,400, 4.914 



Total, $7,946,500, being 4.414 per cent. 

Increase of Polls, 447, being 1.524 



107 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIOD 



1823 , - 


- 


- % 103,550.00 


1825 


- 


305,873.00 


1830 


_ 


891,930.00 


1835 


- 


- 1,147,398.00 


1840 


. 


- 1,698,232.00 


1845 


- 


- 1,163,266.00 


1846 


- January 1st, - 


- 1,085,200.00 


1847 


« « 


- 1,033,766.00 


1848 


« « 


- 1,112,906.00 


1849 


a « 


- 1,354,332.00 


1850 


« « 


- 1,623,823.00 


1851 


" « 


- 1,756,000.00 


1852 




- 1,714,298.44 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following table shows the value of the Real and Personal 
Estate, with the number of persons assessed from the year 1794, and 
every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Eeal Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s d 


£ « d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


3600 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


6772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7851 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10980 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13311 


1834 


43,140.600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24817 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32396 


1850 


105,093,400 


74,907,100 


180,000,500 


32483 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33183 



108 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 - 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 ------ 43,298 

1830 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 ------ 85.000 

1845 114 366 

,,,o{) ------ 138,788 



STATISTICS OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF BOSTON. 

Prepared hy the Superintendent of Schools. 

I 

Estimated cost of all the Public School Estates to May 1st, 185L 

1. Cost of the Latin and English Lligh School Es- 
tate, and of the improvements on the same, - - $81,151.51 

2. Cost of all the Grammar School Estates, and of 

the improvements on the same, - - - - 762,744.22 

3. Cost of all the Primary School Estates, 

and of the improvements on the same, - 366,214.81 

Since May 1st, 1851, the amount expended 
for Primary School Estates is - - - 61,163.03 



Making the entire cost of the Primary School Estates, *427,377.^ 



Total cost of all the Public School Estates, - §1, 271,273.57 

* This sum is much smaller than it would he, if a. large number of Primary 
Schools did not occupy rooms in the Grammar School Houses, and many others 
rooms hired for their use. 



109 



Annual Amount paid for Tuition and for incidental ex- 
penses, and rate per scholar, for the last ten years. 
I. In High and Gkammak Schools. 



Years. 


Number of 


Amount paid 


Rate per 


Incidental 


Rate per 


Total 




Scholars. 


for salaries. 


Scholar. 


Expenses. 


Scholar. 


Expense. 


1841-'42 


6,433 


$73,258 83 


$ 11 39 


$14,305 10 


$ 2 22 


$ 13 91 


1842-'43 


6,823 


75,734 68 


11 10 


16,761 22 


2 46 


13 56 


1843-'44 


7,533 


80,957 68 


10- 75 


15,879 46 


2 11 


12 86 


1844-'45 


7,935 


89,005 11 


11 22 


21,134 00 


2 66 


13 89 


1845-46 


8,511 


98.876 40 


11 62 


21,940 39 


2 58 


14 20 


1846-'47 


8,513 


104,675 34 


12 30 


25,589 93 


3 01 


15 40 


1847-'48 


8,836 


114,011 86 


12 90 


34.878 12 


3 95 


16 85 


1848-'49 


9,114 


118,060 84 


12 95 


36,935 67 


4 05 


17 00 


1849-'50 


9,332 


120,895 83 


12 95 


34,314 26 


3 67 


16 62 


1850-'51 


9,694 


125 464 60 


12 94 


39,820 82 


4 11 


17 05 



Average number of Scholars for the last ten years, - - - 8,272. 

„ tvtition of each scholar per annum, - - . . $12.10. 

„ increase of scholars » d 5 per cent. 

„ „ „ tuition „ „ 7 „ „ 

Entire „ „ scholars for ten years, - - - - 50 „ „ 

» » .» tuition „ „ „ 71 „ „ 

Average annual {nc«c?entaZ expewses per scholar, ... $3.16. 

„ rate of increase of incidental expenses per annum, 17 4-5 per cent. 

Entire increase of incidental expenses for ten years, - 178 „ „ 



11. In Primary Schools. 



Years. 


Number of 


Amount paid 


Rate per 


Incidental 


Rate per 


Total 




Scholars. 


for salaries. 


Scholar. 


Expenses. 


Scholar. 


Expense. 


1841-'42 


5,968 


$23,934 84 


$4 01 


$ 8,889 71 


$ 1 48 


$ 5 49 


1842-'43 


6.355 


25,324 79 


3 98 


10,876 14 


1 71 


5 69 


1843-'44 


7,540 


27,884 14 


3 70 


11,075 34 


1 47 


5 17 


1844-'45 


8,173 


29,239 84 


3 57 


10,968 12 


1 34 


4 91 


lS45-'46 


8,599 


31,070 35 


3 61 


13,346 36 


1 55 


5 16 


1846-47 


9,003 


44,675 69 


4 96 


17,425 39 


1 93 


6 89 


1847-48 


10,060 


47,910 64 


4 76 


22 530 18 


2 24 


7 00 


1848-'49 


10,657 


53,671 99 


5 04 


23 993 98 


2 25 


7 29 


1849-'50 


11,257 


56,461 31 


5 02 


23.685 61 


2 10 


7 12 


1850-'51 


11.949 


58,434 OS 


4 89 


21.214 39 


1 77 


66 



Average number of scholars for the last ten years, 

„ tuition per scholar „ „ „ „ „ - - 

„ increase of scholars per annum, - - - . 
„ „ „ tuition per annum, .... 

Entire „ „ scholars for ten years, . . - 

„ „ _„ tuition „ „ „ - 

Average annual incidental expenses per scholar, - . - 
„ rate of increase of incidental expenses per scholar. 

Entire increase of incidental expenses for ten years, - 



- 


8,956. 


- 


$4.45 


10 


per cent. 


14 2-5 




100 




144 1-10 






$1.83. 


17 


per cent 


170 





From this Table it appears that, for the last ten years, the average cost of 
instruction for each scholar in the High and the Grammar Schools, has been 
$15.26 per annum ; and that for each scholar in the Primary Schools it has been 
$6.28 per annum. The whole average cost of instrucliou is $10.59 per annum 
for each scholar iu the Boston Public Schools. 



110 



Amount annually expended for the Erection and Alteration 
of School Houses for the last ten years. 
High and Grammar Schools. I Primary Schools. 



Years, 


Number of 


Amount 


Rate per 


Number of 


Amount 


Kate per 




Scholars. 


expended. 


Scholar. 


Scholars. 


expended. 


Scholar. 


1841-'42 


6,433 


$21,314 80 


$ 3,31 


5,968 


$12,457 25 


$2 09 


1842-'43 


6,823 


7,442 33 


1,09 


6,355 


10,210 18 


1 61 


1843-'44 


7,533 


53,551 56 


7,11 


7,540 


9,926 14 


1 32 


1844-'45 


7,935 


48,414 45 


6,10 


8,173 


12,502 27 


1 53 


1845-'46 


8,511 


46,338 80 


5,44 


8,599 


16,570 86 


1 93 


1846-'47 


8,513 


62,451 61 


7,34 


9,003 


34,592 02 


3 84 


1847-'48 


8,836 


90,153 02 


10,20 


10,060 


39,290 46 


3 90 


1848-'49 


9,114 


35,567 24 


3,90 


10,657 


35,923 72 


3 37 


1849-'50 


9,332 


63,964 46 


6,85 


11,257 


17,756 86 


1 58 


1850-'51 


9,694 


29,969 14 


3,09 


11,949 


51,010 69 


4 27 



Average amount expended annually for the last ten years on the 

High and the Grammar School estates, $ 45,916 74 

Average amount expended annually for the last ten years on the 

Primary School estates, 24,024 04 

Whole amount expended during the last ten years on the High and 

the Grammar School estates, 459,167 41 

Whole amount expended during the last ten years on the Primary 

School Estates, 240,240 45 

Total amount expended during the last ten years on the Public 

School estates, 699,407 86 



Amount annually expended for all Public School purposes, 
except the building and the alteration of School Houses, 
for the last ten years. 



Fears. 


Number of Scholars. 


Tuition and Inciden- 
tal Expenses. 


Rate per Scholar. 


1841-'42 


12,401 


$ 120,388 48 


$ 9,71 


1842-'43 


13,178 


128,696 83 


9,77 


1843-'44 


15,073 


135,796 62 


9,01 


1844-'45 


16,108 


150,347 07 


9,33 


1845-'46 


17,110 


165,233 50 


9,66 


1846-'47 


17,516 


192,366 35 


10,98 


1847-'48 


18,896 


219,330 80 


11.61 


1848-'49 


19,771 


232,662 48 


11,77 


1849-'50 


20,589 


235,357 01 


11,43 


1850-'51 


21,643 


244,933 89 


11,32 



17,228 



Average number of scholars in all the Schools during the last ten years, 
The whole amount expended for all School purposes exclusive of 

School Houses, for the last ten years, is .... $1,825,113 03 
The average amount of these expenses per scholar, - - 10 59 

„ „ rate of increase of scholars per annum, - - 7 1-2 per cent. 

„ „ „ „ „ in the above expenses is - - 10 2-5 „ „ 

The entire increase of scholars for the last ten 3rears, - - 75 „ „ 

„ „ „ in the above expenses for the last ten years, 103 „ „ 



Ill 



The amount raised hy Tax for the last ten years, and the proportion 
of the same expended annually for Public Schools. 

Total Tax for 1841-42, at 60 cents per SlOO, - - *S616,412.10 

"Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 154,260.53 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - - 25 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1842-43, at 57 cents per $100 - - S637,779.09 

Whole amount expended for Schools, _ - . 138,771.93 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 21.7 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1843-44, at 62 cents per SlOO, - S712,379.70 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 201,256.26 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 28.2 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1844-45, at 60 cents per SlOO, - $744,210.30 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 205,277.68 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 27.6 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1845-46, at 57 cents per $100, - $811,337.59 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 226,019.09 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 27.8 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1846-47, at 60 cents per $100, - $931,998.60 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 298,619.49 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 32 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1847-48, at 60 cents per $100, - $1,014,674.40 

Whole amount expended for Schools, ~ - - 348,887,40 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 34.3 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1848-49, at 65 cents per $100, - $1,131,821.00 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 303,581.67 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 26.8 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1849-50, at 65 cents per $100, - $1,174,715.80 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 311,494,95 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 26.5 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1850-51, at 68 cents per $100, - $1,266,030.40 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 325,126.60 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 25.7 per cent. 

* Poll tax included eveiy year. 



112 



Modes and Times of appointment of the various City 
Officers, as prescribed hy the City Ordinances, Sfc. 



City Clerk — in Convention, - - - - 

Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, - 

Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concurrent vote, 

Superintendents of Free Bridges — Concurrent 

vote "■ first acted upon by the Mayor and 

Aldermen," ------ 

Engineers of Fire Department — Concurrent 
vote, - - - - - - - 

Superintendent of Streets, - - - - 

Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and Staves, 
Field Drivers, Pound Keepers, Inspectors 
of Lime, ---___ 

Officers to complain of Truants, &c. — Mayor 
and Aldermen, _ _ - - . 

Surveyor General of Lumber — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

City Registrar — Concurrent vote. 
Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Weighers of Boats and Lighters, Sealers of 
Weights and Measures, Hay Weighers, In- 
spectors of Hay, Measurers of Wood and 
Bark — Mayor and Aldermen, - - - 
Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent vote, - 
Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Superintendent of Public Buildings — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Superintendent of Public Lands — Concurrent 
vote, _--,--- 
City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Overseers of House of Correction — Concur- 
rent vote, _-__-- 
Master of House of Correction — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

Directors of House of Industry, &c. — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

City Treasurer — In Convention, - - - 
City Auditor — Concurrent vote, - - - 
City Physician — Concurrent vote. 
Port Physician — Concurrent vote. 
City Marshal — Mayor and Aldermen, - 
Consulting Physicians — Concurrent vote, 
Superintendent of Sewers and Drains — Con- 
current vote, - - 
City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - - - 



January. 

January. 

January or February. 



January or February. 

January or February. 
January or February. 



January or February. 

January or February. 

February. 
February or March. 

March. 



March or April. 

March or April. 

April. 

April or May. 

April or May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 
May. 

May. 
May. 

May. 
May or June. 
May or June. 

May or June. 
June. 



113 

Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market — Mayor and 

Aldermen, - - ... - June or July. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - - July- 

City Engineer — Concurrent vote, - - September or October. 

Water Kegistrar — Concurrent vote, - - September or October. 



ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

Appointed hy the Public Authorities. 



On the Anniversabt op the Boston Massacee, Makch 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thacher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 



On the Anniveesart op the National Independence, July 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn. Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon, Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Rev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

15 



114 

1805. Warren Button, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher. 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage, 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Francis Galley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott. Esq. 

1834. Richard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1838. Rev. Hubbard AVinslow. 

1839. Ivers,^James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary. 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

N. B. All of the above Orations have been printed with the ex- 
ception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollai'd, Francis Dana Chan- 
ning, and Edward G. Prescott. 



CATALOGUE 

OP THE 

GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON, 

IN CHRONOLOGICAL OEDER OF THEIR SERVICE, 

FROM ITS 

INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1852. 



WITH AN 



INDEX. 



11.7 



PPvELIMINAEY REMARKS. 



During thirty Municipal years, one being but eight months, when 
the time of the City election was changed in 1825, one hundred and 
twelve citizens have served as Aldermen, forty-one have deceased, two 
while in office. Of this number, forty-five have served one year ; 
thirty-seven, two years ; thirteen, three years ; seven, four yeai's ; 
six, live years ; three, six; years ; one, eight years ; one, eleven years. 



IN THE COMMON COUNCIL 

Seven hundred and twelve citizens have served since 1822. Of 
whom one hundred and thirty-six are deceased, six while in office. 
Fifty-two have represented two wards, and two citizens have repre- 
sented three wards. 

NOTE. 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See Mayors. 

ALDEEMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re-elected, 
and Thomas B. Wales and Redford Webster elected 1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organization. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — having been chosen 
one of the Principal Assessoi's. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not qualify 
himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no provision for affir- 
mation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 

Henry D. Gray, and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer Howard, 
Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 1828, also 
Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined prior to the organiza- 
tion. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 1830. 



118 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1883. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, V/ard 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

There have been five successfully contested elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that " closing the poll before the hour, at 
which the voters were notified it would be closed, was a violation of 
the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members of 
Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an adjourned 
meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of irregular proceeding 
to render the v/hole number of votes certain by taking the highest 
number of votes for candidates on each opposing ticket ; adjournment 
of the meeting by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregu- 
larities at the annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three members 
of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal voters, sufficient 
to effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February, 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned meeting, Decem- 
ber 14, on the ground that four votes for non-resident candidates, (af- 
ter having been first thrown out by the Ward officers,) *were counted 
at the annual election, December 12, thereby pi'eventing the choice 
of two other candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, were 
by the decision of the Council, declared elected leaving one vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. At the subsequent trial the same 
members were again returned to the Common Council. 

The election of Mayor for 1845, was more wai'mly contested than 
on any former year. There were not Jess than eight several ballot- 
ings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of February, 
Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, William 
Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chairman of the 
Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining health, 
resigned the ofiice of Mayor, which resignation, however, was not ac- 
cepted by the City Council, and on the 2 2d of November he died, be- 
ing the first Mayor who has died while in office, since the organiza- 
tion of the City Government in 1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, Jr. was elected Mayor, 
by the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as Chairman 
of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. Davis and the 
election of Mr. Quincy. 

* This fact was admitted though not stated in the report of the Committee. 



119 



18 22. 

MAYOR, 

^-JOHN PHILLIPS. 



ALDERMEN 



*Samuel Billings, 
■*Epliraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Josepb Head, 



*Joseph Jenkins, 
*Joseph Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Brjant Parrott Tilden. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*WILLIAM PRESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 

*Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
Henry Orne, 
* Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
Thomas Kendall, 
Horatio Gates Ware, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 
*William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 

* Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
' *Augustus Peabody, 

* Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 

* David Watts Bradlee, 

* Peter Chardon Brooks, 
*James Perkins, 
*Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 

* William Prescott, 
John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
*Andrew Drake, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

* David Collson Moseley, 
*Isaac Stevens. 

Ward IL 
*Geo. Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa Bullard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 

* Winslow Lewis. 

Ward 12. 
Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
*John Howe, 
Moses Williams, 



120 



18 23. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Baxter, 
* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Ashur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
* Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN WELLES, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Thaddens Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyei'. 

Ward 4. 
* Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Jcel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 
William Wright. 



Ward 7. 
^Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
James Savage, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
David Francis, 
Francis Johonnot Olivei*, 
Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa Bullard, 
* Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



121 



18 24. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Havvley Dorr, 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



ALDERMEN, 

Enoch Patterson, 



Caleb Eddy, 
^Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Michael Tombs, 

Ward 2, 
*William Little, jr. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward o, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
*William Sprague, 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
* Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
George Washington Otis, 
Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
* William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
^Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward IL 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward f2. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaac Thorn, 
Charles Bemis. 



122 



1825. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josialx Marshall, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Welsh, jr., 
* George Blake, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 

* Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*Tbomas Wells, 
*Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 

* George Hallett, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
*John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 

* William Symonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 

* Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
* William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Richardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Franklin Dexter, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothinghara, 
Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



123 



1826. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



* Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*Tliomas Welsh, jr.. 



ALDERMEN, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Bobbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN EICHAEDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2." 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 

* William Sprague, 
Amos Farns worth, 
Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 

* William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wilej'^, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
*Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam, 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
* Joshua Vose, 
Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher. 
Henry Hatch. 



124 



18 27 



M A T O K , 

JOSIAH QUmCY. 



ALDERMEN 



Cyrus Alger, 
*John Bellows, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr. 
John Foster Loring, 



*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
* Robert Fennelly, 
Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Sava2;e. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Flovd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Piei'ce Washburn, 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter, 
*Jonathan Loring, 
■•■Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 
* Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears. 

Yv^ard 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 

•^Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 
Ward 10. 

*Jonathan Simonds, 

George Brinley, 

William Parker, 

Charles Sprague. 
Ward 11. 

Giles Lodge, 

George Itlorey, jr., 

*Joshua Vose, 

Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 

Adam Bent, 

William Wright, 

^William Little, jr. 

* George Gay. 



125 



18 2 8. 

M A Y O li , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDEKMEN 



John Fostei' Loring, 
*E.obert Fennelly, 
James Savage, 
*Thomas Kendall, 



*James Hall, 

Phineas ITpham, 

*John Pickering, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong;. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOim KICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clai-k Betton, 
*Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. ■ 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward o. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 

* James L. P. On-ok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, jr., 
*James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Tsaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 
*David Moody. 



Ward 7. 
* John Arno Bacon, 
John Belknap, 

*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Vfard,(res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
*Benj, T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Norman Seaver, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 
Robert Treat Paine, (from May.) 
*John Lowell, jr., 
George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
Pay son Perriu. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Gary, 
Walter Cornell, 
*' Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



126 



1829 



MAYOR, 

^HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Tliomas Kendall, 
*James Hall, 



ALDERMEN, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 

* Benjamin Russell, 

* Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 
* Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis, 

*Thomas Reed, (died Feb.) 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 

* George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 

* Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7, 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickn^an, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 9. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, jr. 
* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 



127 



18 3 0. 



MAYOR, 

*IIARmSON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDER BI EN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamm Eussell, 



*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

* Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell, 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton, 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr. 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated in 
February.) 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jaeob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Edw. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, jr. 
* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*James Wright. 



128 



18 3 1. 

M A YO K, 

*HAREISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck MeCleary, 



Henry Farnam, 

Adam Bent, 

*John Binney, 

* Richard Devens Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. • 



Ward 1. 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 

* Samuel Chessman, 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

* Isaac Watkins, 
Ensign Sargeanfc, 
Stephen Titcomb, 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Abbott Lawrence. 
Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward iO. 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 
■*0ti3 Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 



129 



183 2. 

M XY oil , 

CHARLES WELLS. 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 



ALDEKMEN, 

*Ricli'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 
Jabes Ellis, 
*James Bowdoin, 
'*John Stevens, (died.) 
•*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
* George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshoi'n, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Jonathan Porter, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
Richard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John Collamore, jr. 

Ward n. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
* Oilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr. 



130 



18 3 



MAYOR, 



CHAELES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 
Jabez Ellis, 
*William Tileston, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Eevere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Eobinson, 
Bill Eichardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
* Samuel Chessman, 
*Philip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
Eobert Gould Shaw, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Eice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Silas Bullard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
*Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 

* Oliver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 

* Daniel Messinger, 
*Isi'ael Martin, 

Thomas Eichards Dascomb. 

Ward 11. 
Eobert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
*Euel Baker. 

V/ard 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



131 



1834. 

MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jk. 



Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmoi'e, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Charles Leighton, 



ALDERMEN, 

Josiah Dunham, 
*iSrathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward o. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 
Nath'l Fellows Cunningham, 
* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
George Washington Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargeant, 
*Edward Cruft, jr. 
Ward 9. 
"*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Isaac McLellan, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dascomb, 
* William Reed. 

Ward IL 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



132 



18 35. 

MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jk. 



ALDERMEN 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*Jolin Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
*Natban Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3, 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
^Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Edward Cruft, jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
*Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 
Richard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins. 



133 



18 3 6. 

MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



*Winslo"w Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary. 
Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 



ALDERMEN, 

Samuel Greele, 



Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 
Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Je., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
EHphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas CofBn Amory. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



134 



183 7. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN. 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
* Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson. 



C O M BI ON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Isaac Harris, 

*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 
Thomas Hudson, 
Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 
Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

* Simon Davis Leavens, 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
William Green Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Chai'les Brooks. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 

* Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 

* Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



135 



18 3 8. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



AL D E R M E N 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas RichardsoQj 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARKETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 
*Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5, 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAllaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwai^ds, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
John Brooks Parkei', 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
*Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



136 



18 3 9. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gui'ney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward. 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*James Harris. 



COMMON 



O U N C I L , 



PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAllaster, 
* William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow. 

Ward 6. 
'^Jonathan Chap.^iaan, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, jr. 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
* Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, jr. 
*"John Stevens, 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
*Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



137 



1840, 



MAYOR, 



*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



*Nathaniel Pope Russell 
*]S[athan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ja,mes Clark, 



ALDERMEN, 

Charles Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 
George Washington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward IL 
*John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward J 2. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



138 



184 1. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDEKMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward L 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henrv Northey Hoopei'. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, jr., 
Pelham Bonney, 
Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Merriam. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res. April.' 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. Neale Howe, jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett. 

Ward 11. 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



139 



1842. 

M A T O K, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe 
Larra Crane, 



ALDERMEN, 

"William Parker, 
Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Richard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis. 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall,' 
Asaph Parmlee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



140 



18 4 3. 

• 

MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



ALDERMEN, 

Richard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
Wm. Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Frs. Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plymptou, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benj. Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor wSanborn. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
John Tillson, 
Romanus Emerson. 



141 



1844. 



MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BEIMMER. 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
William Henry Learnard, 
Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
*Joseph CullenAyer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Frs. Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 
* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel TopliflP, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown, 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

Greenleaf Conner Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



143 



1845 



MAYOR, 

*THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 



ALDERMEN, 



Benson Leavitt, 

William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 



Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Lyman Eeed, 
James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
*Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, . 
Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7, 

* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 

* Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



143 



1846. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
"William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



ALDERMEN, 

Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. ■ 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*"Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward 7. 
* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer. 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel TopliflP, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr. 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham, 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John W. Crafts. 



144 



18 4 7 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 

ALBERMEN, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 
Billings Briggs. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLAED, President. 

(Resigned, July 1.) 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen, July 1.) 

Ward 1. 



John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 
William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 

* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 
George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 

* Richard B. Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 
Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George R. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, jr., 
Samuel Wales, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Edvi^ard Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



• 



14.' 



18 4 8 



M A T O B , 



JOSIAII QUINCY, Jr. 



A L D E E M E N 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. liead, (res. April.) 



John H. Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



CO MM OK COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward ^2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown, 
William D. Coolidge, 
George W. Abbot. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
* Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 

19 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayei', 
William G. Brooks,' 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward iO. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
Geoi'ge W. Frothingham, 

Ward 12." 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 



146 



18 49. 

M A Y O K , 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

Billings Brisfsrs 
John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
^Richard B. Carter, 
.John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edwai'd Hennessey. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8, 
Samuel Topi iff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
George William McLellan, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



147 



18 5 0, 



MAYOR, 



JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
George William McLellan, 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. ^ 



148 



185 1 



M A Y O K , 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Cushing, 
James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Richard Shackford, 

Ward 3. 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bosworth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edv/ard S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



I N I) E X . 



ALDERMEN. 
\_The Jigures indicate the numher of years of service.] 



Pope, William 
Preston, Jonathan 



A 




H 




Alger, Cyras, 


2 


Hall, Jacob 


1 


Alien, Benjamin L, 


1 


Hall, James 


2 


Amory, Charles 


o 


Hall, Samuel 


2 


Andrews, William T. 


2 


Harris, Isaac 


2 


Armstrong, Samuel T. 


4 


Harris, James 


1 


Ayer, J. CuUen 


1 


Harris, Richard D. 


2 






Hathaway, John 


4 


B 




Hayward, Joseph H. 


4 


Baxter, Daniel 


2 


Head, Joseph 


1 


Bellows, John 


3 


Head, George E. 


3 


Benjamin, Asher 


2 


Holbrook, Henry M. 


2 


Bent, Adam 


1 


Hooper, Stephen 


2 


Billings, Samuel 


1 


Hunting, Thomas 


6 


Binney, John 


3 






Blake, George 


1 


J 




Boies, Jeremiali S» 


1 


Jackson, Erancis 


1 


Bowdoin, James 


1 


James, Benjamin 


1 


Briggs, Billings 


5 


Jenkins, Joseph 


1 


Brimmer, Martin 


■ 1 


Jones, Thomas 


2 


Bryant, John 


1 


K 




C 




Kendall, Thomas 


2 


Carney, Daniel 


2 


Kimball, Moses 


1 


Cary, Isaac 


1 






Child, David W. 


2 


L 




Clark, James 


2 


Leavitt, Benson 


2 


Clark, Calvin W. 


1 


Leighton, Charles 


2 


Crane, Larra 


2 


Lewis, Winslow 


4 






Longley, James 


3 


D 




Lorin^', John F. 


5 


Dorr, Joseph H. 


2 


Lovering, Joseph 


1 


Dunham, Josiah 


s 


Lowe, Abraham T. 


5 


Dyer, John D. 


1 


M 




E 




Marshall, Josiah 


2 


Eddy, Caleb 


2 


McCleary, John B. 


5 


Eliot, Ephraim 


1 


Munroe, Abel B. 


1 


Eliot, Samuel A. 


2 






Ellis, Jabez 


3 











Ober, John P. 


3 


F 




Odiorne, George 


2 


Eales, Samuel 


2 


Oliver, Henry "j. 


6 


Earnum, Henry 


6 






Eennelly, Eobert 


2 


P 




Eiske, Benjamin 


1 


Parker, William 


5 






Patterson, Enoch 


2 


G 




Perkins, James 


1 


Gould, Erederick 


3 


Perkins, Samuel S. 


3 


Grant, Moses 


4 


Perry, Lyman 


1 


Greele, Samuel 


3 


Pickering, John 


1 


Gurney, Nathan 


S 


Piper, Solomon 


1 



Q 

Quincy, Samuel 



Peed, Lyman 
Reed, Sampson 
Revere, Joseph W. 
Rich, Thomas P. 
Richardson, Thomas 
Robbins, Edward H. 
Robinson, Simon W. 
Rogers, Henry B. 
Russell, Benjamin 
Russell, Nathaniel P. 

S 



Savage, James 


2 


Savage, James S. 


1 


Stedman, Josiah 


1 


Stevens, John. See Note 


Shipley, Simon G. 


T 


Sleeper, Jacob 


1 


Smith, Benjamin 


1 


T 




Tilden, Bryant P. 


I 


Tilden, Joseph 


1 


Tileston, William 


2 


U 




TJpham, Phineas 


1 


Urann, Richard 


2 


W. 




Wales, Thomas B. 


1 


Webster, Redford. 


See 


Note. 




Wells, Charles 


2 


Wells, John B. 


1 


Wells, Charles A. 


1 


Welsh, Thomas, jr. 




Wetmore, Thomas 


11 


Wilkins, Cliarles 


2 


Wilkinson, Simon 


2 


Williams, Moses 


1 


Wilkins, John IL 


o 



150 



INDEX 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



[ The references are to Wards^ 



Abbott, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W. 5 

Abbott, Samuel L. 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George W. 7 

Adams, Josepb T. 4 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John E. 3 

Alien, James B. 2 

Alger Cyrus, 12 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C. 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Samuel 6 
Appleton, Benjamin B. 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, John 4 
Austin, E. G. _ 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, jr. 6 

Ayer, Joseph C. 2 
Appleton, Samuel A. 7 



B 

Bacon, John A. 

Bailey, Ebenezer 
Bailey, Edwin C. 
Baker, John 
Baker, Euel 
Ballard, Daniel 
Ballard, John 
Baldwin, Aaron 
Banister, John F. 
Barry, William 
Barnard, Charles 
Bartlett, Daniel, jr. 
Bartlett, Levi 
Bassett, Joseph 
Bassett, Erancis 
Bates, Martin 
Bates, Ezekiel 
Battles, Jason D. 
Bazin, George W. 
Beal, Benjamin 
Belknap, John 
Bent, Adam 
Bemis, Charles 
Bethune, George 
Betton, N. C. 
Bigelow, George T. 
Bigelow, John P. 



7 

8, 10 

3 

8 

10,11 

2 

9 

10 

10 

1 

10 

1 

7 

1 



Bean, Aaron H. 10 
Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, A. W. 5 
Blanchard, Geo, D. B. 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 9 

Boles, John 3 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Boyd, John P. 2 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. 3 
Bradford, W.B. See Note 

Bradford"; Gamaliel 9 

Bradlee, David W. 8 

Bradlee, John E. 9 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah P. 7 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed, Horace A. 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas 11 
Brigham, Benajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Leyi 9 

Brimmer, George W. 11 

Brinley, George 10 
Brinley,FranciSojr. 9, 10, 7 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C. 8 

Brooks, William G. 7 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryent, Walter 9 

Bullard. Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Bullard, Silas 8 
Burchstead Benjamin 8 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

Boynton, James 1 

Boardman, Charles 5 

Bovv'ker, John H. 1 

Brown, Charles G 

Brown, Charles H. 9 

Brown, Asa 12 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 

Burnham, Andrew 2 



Callender, Eichard 9 

Cai'lisle, George 12 

Chapin, David 7, 8 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Eichard B. 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Isaac 11 

Gary, Alpheus 12 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W. 6 

Chapin, David 7 

Chapman, Jonathan 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Clai'k, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W. . 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clarke, Manlius S. 11 

CofBn, George W. 5 

Coffin, Nathaniel W. 7 

Cofran, George 3 

Collamore, John, jr. 10 

Cook, Charles E. 9 

Cook, Zebedee, jr. 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 
Coolidge, William D. 5 

Copeland, Elisha, jr. 11 

Coney, Jabez 12 

Cornell, Walter 12 

Cowdin, Eobert 11 

Crafts, John W. 12 

Crane, Horatio N, 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D. 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W. 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crowninshield, F. B. 4 

Cruft, Edward, jr. S 
Cumings, B. N. 1,11 

Cunningham, A. jr. 4 

Cunningham N. F. 5 

Curtis, Charles P. 7 

Curtis, Thomas B. 4,7 

Gushing, Henry W. 9 

Gushing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Samuel L. 1 

Cutter, Ammi 4 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Carnes, William E. 2 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Calrow, William H. 2 



D 

Dall, WUliam 



11 



INDEX, 



151 



Dorrance, Oliver B. 8 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Danforth, Isaac 7 
Dascomb, Thomas E. 10 

Davis, Henry 2 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Derby, Elias H. 7 

Dexter, Franklin, 9 

Dextei', John B. jr. 7, 8 

Dexter, Theodore 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillaway, William 1 

Dimmock, John L. 8 
Dingley, John T. 11,12 

Docid, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 1 1 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H. 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B. 12 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 9 

Dudley, James H. 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 

Dunham. Josiah, jr. 12 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Dutton, Henry W. 10 

Dyer, Ezra ■ 5 

Dyer, John D. 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 

Denny, Daniel ' 8 

Dennison, James 10 

Davis, George 11 

Demerest, Samuel C. 12 



Eaton, William 


1,3 


Eaton, William 


12 


Eaton, WiUiam G. 


8 


Edmands, George W 


5 


Edwards, Henry 


6,7 


Eldredge Edward H. 


7 


Elliot, John 


1 


Ellis, Ebenezer 


5 


Ellis, Jabez 


11 


Ellis, Jonathan 


10 


Ellis, Rowland 


3 


Ellis, Samuel 


2 


Emerson, Charles 


3 


Emerson, Romanus 


12 


Emmes, Samuel 


2 


Emmons, Joshua 


3 


Emmons, John L. 


10 


Erving, Edward S. 


11, 9 


Eustis, William T. 


4, 7 


Eveleth, Joseph 


4,5 


Everett, Otis 


11 



p 

Farnsworth, Amos 



Farnum, Henry 4 

Faxon, Nathaniel 2 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Fay, Richard S. 10 

Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenno, John 2 

Fessenden, Benjamin 1 

Fisher, Oliver ' 12 

Fisher, Willard N. 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Flint, Joshua B. 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Ford, William C. 4 

Follett, Dexter 3 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 
Foster, Wm. See Note. 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles 1 

French, John 1 2 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, Samuel 11 

Frothingham, G. W. 1 1 

Fuller, Abraham W. 3 

Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

G 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardher, Henry J. 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L. 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 

Gill, Perez 11 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Gordon, George W. 4 

Gore, Christopher 1 

Gould, Benjamin A. 9 
Gould, Frederick 1, 2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gregg, Washington P. 4 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John'C. 9 

Greely, Philip, jr. .'5 
Green, John, jr. 11, 12 
Greenough, William W. 4 
Grosvenor, L. P. 1,4 

Guild, Samuel E. 11 

H 

Hall, Andrew T. 9 

Hallett George, 4 

Hamblen, David 11 

Hammond, Nathaniel, .5 

Harding, William B. 12 

Harris, Isaac 1 



Harris, James iJ 

Harris, Joseph, jr. i 2 

Hale, Theodore' P. 1 1 

Harris, Leach 8 

Hai-rington W. A. 8 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, B. P, 5 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B. 5 

Haskell, William 0. 3 

Haskell Daniel N. 7, 8 

Hastings, Edmund T. .5 

Hastings, Joseph S. 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Haviland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 1 1 

Hay den, William 10 

Ilavward, Ebenezer 12 

Healy John P. 7 

Plenncssey, Edward 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hinckley, Holmes 1 1 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T. 7 

Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 11 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hooper, Henry N. 1 

Haughton, James 4 

Howard, Charles 11 

Howard, V/illiam H. 12 
Howard, Eleazer. See 

Note. 

Howe, John 12 

HoAve, Joseph N. 12 

Howe, Joseph N. jr. 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins, Ezra C. 7 

Hall, Samuel W. 4 

Hillard, George S. 6 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Hayward. James 8 

Haven, Calvin W. 1 1 

Ilolden, Joel M. 1 

Hovey, James G. 1 



Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T. 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W. 2, 4 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jewett, Darwin E. 4 

Johnson, George W. 2 

Jones, Eliphalet 5 

Jones, Josiah M. 8 

Jones, Samuel ^ 

Jones, Isaac 12 



.52 



INDEX. 



Jones, Thomas 


12 


Josselyn, Lewis 


2 


Jewell, Harvey 


5,4 


Jones, Peter (J. 


9 


K 




Keith, Eobert 


1 


Kendall, Ezekiel 


5 


Kendall, Thomas 


5 


Kendall, Timothy C. 


3 


Kent, Henry S. 


2 


Kent, William V. 


5 


Kimball, Benjamin 


3 


Kimball, Daniel 


10 


Kimball, Moses 


10 


Kimball, Otis, 


10 


Kinsman, H. W. 


11 



Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 
Learnard, William H. 1 

Leavens, Simon D. 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M. 2 

Leeds, Henry I 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4- 

Lewis, George Y'l. 4 

Lewis, Joseph W. 6 

Lewis, Winslow 1 1 

Lewis, Winslow, jr. 10 

Libby, J. G. L. 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 
Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R. 3 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 10 

Lincoln, Noah, jr. 1 

Little, AVilliam, jr. 12 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G. 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Perez 5 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lovejoy, Reuben 10 

Lovejoy, William R. 1 

Lowell, John, jr. 10 

Littlehale, Sargent S. 4 

Lawrence, S. Abbott 4 

Lawrence, James 4 

Loud, Andrew J. 11 

M 

Mann, Neheniiah P. 12 
Marrett, Philip 7,11 

Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 



Marvin, Theophilus R. 7 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

McAllister, James 5 

McLellan, George W. 11 

McLellan, Isaac, jr. 9 
Means, James 4, 7 

Merriam, Edward P. 5 

Meriam, Levi 9 

Messenger, Daniel 10 

Milton, Ephraim 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Manning, Francis C. 8 

Minot, Albert T. 11 

Moody, Da-v-id 6 

Morey, George, jr. 11 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Mosely, David C. 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 

Munroe, James 2 

Munroe, Abel B. 1 

Merriam, Joseph W. 9 

N 

Nazi-o, John G. 11 

Nevers, Benjamin M. 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph R. 8 

Nicolson, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C. 1 
Noyes, George N. '12 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 



O 

Odin, John, jr. 
Oliver, Erancis J. 
Oliver, Henry J. 
Olney, Stephen W, 
Orne, Henry 
Orrok, James L. P. 
Otis George W. 
Otis, George W. 
Ober John P. 
Oliver, Samuel P 



F- 



Palmer, Julius A. 3 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 

Page, Thad'cleus 1, 2 

Paine, R. T. 10,11 

Palfrey, William 1 

Park, John C. 5 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parker, Amos B. 3 

Parker, Benjamin 6 

i'arker, Isaac 7 

Parker, John B. 7, 8 

Parker, William 5 

Parker, William 10 



Parker, Charles H. g 

Parkman, Yv^ilKam 1 

Parmlee, Asaph 11 

i'arrott, William W. 8 

Peabody, Augustus 7 

Peabody, 0. W. B. 9 

Penniman, Scammell 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S. 5 

Perkias, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S. 12 

Perrin, Payson 1 1 
Phelps, Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W. 10 

Phillips, John L. 11 

Phillips, Thomas W. 7 

Pickman, Benjamin T. 7 

Pierce, Josiah 10 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plympton, Henry 5 

Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 

Plummer, Earnham 7 

Pollard, Abner W- 2 

Pojje, Thomas B. 4 

Porter, Jonatham 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Prajr, Lewis G. 5 

I'rescott, Edward 6. 9 

Prescott, William 9 
Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Prichard, Oilman 11 

Proctor, John 12 

Prouty, Joel 6 

Pope, William 11 

j Putnam, John P. 6 

9; Q 

10 I Quincy, Josiah, jr. 

1 I 

2| ■ R 

2 j Raymond, Ereeborn F. 2 

3 I Raymond, Thacher R. 2 
5 j Raymond, Zebina L. 1 
5 Rayner, John 4 
1 i Rayner, John J. 4 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, John P. 10 
Richards, Erancis 10, 9 

Richardson, Bill 11 

Richardson, Jeffrey 8 

Richardson, James B. 8 

Richardson, Benj. P. 8 

Bobbins, Edward H. 9 

Roby, Dexter 3 

jloberts, Joseph D. 5 

Roberts, John G. 11 

Robinson, Simon W. 1 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 



INDEX 



153 



Roulstone, Michael 3 

Russell, Benjcimin 8 

Russell, John B. 9 



Sampson, Geo. E. 10, 5 
Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn, Greenleaf C. 11 
Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See 

Note. 
Savage, George 11,12 
Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin, 4, 5 
Seaver, Joshua, jr. 6 

Seaver, Norman 9 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 

Sbattuck, Lemuel 10, 11 
Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shaw, Robert G. 4 

Shelton, Thomas J. 8 
Shelton, Stephen 9, 10 
Shipley, Simon G. 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simonds, Alvan 12 

Simonds, Jonathan 10 
Simonds, William 5 

Slade, John, jr. 7 

Sloan, Samuel W. "12 
Smith, George W. 2, 3 
Smith, Joseph 12 

Sever, James W. 7, 9 

Snelling, Enoch H. 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B, 3 

Snow, Ephraim L. 5 

Spear, William T. 3 

Spinney, Samuel R. 12 
Spooner, William B. 4 
Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprague, C 10, 11, 12 
Sprague, William 3 

Starbuck, Charles C. 10 
Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stearns, Charles H. 1 
Steams, Elijah 1 

Stebbins, John B. 12 

Stedman, Josiah 11 

Stetson, Alpheus 12 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 
Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, John 6, 12 

Stevens, John 1 1 

Stimpson, Frederick H. 6 
Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stodder, Joseph 2 



Stone, Joseph 2 

Stover, Thcophihis 12 

Stowc, Freeman 5 

Sturtivant, Noali 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 

Southard, Zibeon 12 



Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbell, Silas P. 4 

Thaxter, Jonathan 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer, Elias B. 11 

Thayer, Gideon F. 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H. 8 

Thom, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F. 2 

Thomas, William 6 
Thompson, Erasmus 1 

Thompson, John 1 1 

Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 

Thompson, Thomas H. 1 

Thurston, Caleb 12 

Tillson, John 12 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael 1 

Topliff, Samuel 8 

Tori-ey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 

Townsend, Isaac P. 12 
Townsend, Samuel R. 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B. 1, 2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F. 2 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner John 2 

Turner Otis 11 

Tuttle, Jedediah 10 



u 




TJpham, Henry 


6 


Upham, Phineas 


10 


Urann, Richard 


11 


V 




Vinson, Thomas M. 


12 


Vose, Joshua 


11 


Vose, Josiah 


11 


Vose, Thomas 


11 


Vose, Edward A. 


1 



W 

Wakefield, Enoch H. 3 



Wales, Thomas B. 10 

V/ales, Samuel 10 

Ward, Artcmas 3 

Ward, Samuel D. 7 

Ward, Thomas W. 7 

Ware, Ephraim G. 12 

Ware, Horatio G. 5 

Warren, George W. 8 

Washburn, Cyrus 2 

Washburn, Calvin, "> 

Washburn, W. R. P. 4 

Waters, Isaac (> 

Watts, Francis 0. 8 

Weeks, William A. 8 

Wellington, Alfred A. 4 

Welles, John 9 

Wells, Charles 1 

Wells, John B. 1,2 

Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler, Joseph 1 
Wheeler, Samuel 11, 12 

Wheehvi-ight, George h 
White, Warren 11,12 

Whiting, James 3 

Whitney, Moses, jr. 9 

Whitney William 9 

Whiton, James M. 4 

Whittemore, George 8 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

TVilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H. 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 

Willett, Joseph 1 1 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 

Williams, Horace 6, 7 

Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. S 

Willis, Be njamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M. 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winthrop, G. T. ti 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 

Woodman, George 10 

Wright, James 12 

AVright, John M. 5, 8 
Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, Winslow 5 
Wyman, Abraham G. .'> 



Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



J9 



INDEX 



Aldermen, names and residences, 

Vacancies in, - - - . 
No choice of, - 
Standing Committees of, - 
Chairman of, - - - ■ 
Adjournments, - _ - • 
Appropriations, annual, - 
Additions to, - 
Transfers of, - - - - 

Amendments of motion, 

of Questions, - " - 
of Rules and Orders, 

Appeal to Council, - _ _ . 

Accounts, Committee on. 

County, Committee on, - 

Assessors' Department, Committee on. 

Assessors, and how chosen, &c.. 

Assistant, - - - - . 

Auditor of Accounts, - - . . 

Assay Master, - - - . . 

Advertising, &c., - - - - . 



61 
22 
22 
66 
21 
5, 16 
6 
6 
6 
10 
10 
14 
11 
64 
66 
64 
68 
68 
68 
77 
72 



By-laws, titles to, - - - - 


5 


Ballot, election by, - - - 


16 


Buildings, Public, 




Committee on, - - - 


65 


Superintendent of, - 


73 


Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 




Boston Harbor, Committee on, 


- 65 


Bridges, Committee on, 


66 


Superintendents of, - 


74 


Bells and Clocks, Committee on. 


66 


Board of Accounts, ... 


69 


Bark, &c., Measurers of. 


77 


Boats, &c.. Weighers of. 


77 


Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, - 


77 


Business, Order of, - . - 


13 



C 

Cochituate Water Board, - - - 79 

Committees, 

not to act separately, - - 6 

Joint records and reports of, 6, 7, 15 

time allowed for reporting, - 6, 15 

Powers and Duties, - - - 14 



Committees, 

Conference, . . - 

Joint Standing, 

Number of Members, 

How appointed, 

nottopurcliase,&c., - 

not to approve certain bills 

of the Whole, - 

Standing, how appointed, 

when not to sit, 

Chairmen of, - 

chosen by ballot. 

Chairman of, pro tem.. 

Special, - . _ . 

Notice of meetings, - 

when to report, 

of Board of Aldermen, 
Clerks, --.-_. 
Chairmen of Committees, 

not to approve certain bills 

of Board of Aldermen , 
City Charter, - - - - . 
City Debt, amount of, . 

vote to increase, 

Committee on, . - - 
Communications, &c., - - - 
Clerk of Council, duties. 
Coaches, Superintendent of - 
County Commissioners, 
City Officers, times of choice, 

not to sell, &c., 
City Seal, - - . . . 
City Council, powers of, 

may hold other offices. 
City Physician, _ . _ _ 
Common Council, members of. 
City Council, former members, 
Cemeteries, Committee on. 
Coroners, - - . . _ 
Conferences, - - - - - 
Contractors, Committees not to be. 
City Clerk, Salary, &c., 

Duties, - - _ - 
County Accounts, Committee on, - 
Common, &c.. Committee on, 
Constables, _ . . - . 
Clocks, &c.. Committee on, - 
Court House, Keeper of, 
Cullers of Fish, - - - - 

Hoops, &c., - . - 
City Crier, - - . . . 
Charitable Institutions, - - . 
Consulting Phs'sicians, - - . 



■ 3,72 

15 

3,15 

50 

7 

• 9, 14 
3, 15 

15 

• 5,15 

3 
15 
15 
15 
15 
66 
63 
15 
7 
21 
17 

107 
6 
5, 64 
14 
16 
70 
28 

112 
50 
35 
29 
38 
72 
61 

119 
66 
69 
5 
50 
63 
25 
66 
66 
38,71 
66 
74 
77 
77 
77 
77 
72 



156 



INDEX. 



D 



Debt, City, ------ 107 

increase of, - - - - 6 

reduction of, - - - - 5 

Committee on, - - - - fi, 64 

Deaths, registry of, - - - - 72 

Division of Questions, - - - - 12 

Drains, &c., Superintendent of, - - 73 

Committee on, - - - - 66 

Decorum of Members, - - - - ]1 

Duties of members, - - . _ n 

Doubted Votes, - - - - - 9, 13 

Disagreement of two Boards, - . 5 

Deputy Collectors, - - - . 68 



Excuses for not voting, ... 

Enrolment of Ordinances, Committee on, 4, 



Expenditures, orders for, - - - 6, 16 

Elections by ballot, - - - - 16 

of City Officers, Times, - - 112 

Committee on, - - - - 14, 67 

External Health, Committee on, - - 67 

Engines, officers and members, - - 75 

Engineer, City, ----- 79 

Assistant do. - - - - 79 

Engineers, pay, &c., - - - - 74 

Estates, valuation of, - - - - 107 



F 



Fuel, Committee on, - - - - 64 

Finance, Committee on, - - - 64 

Furnaces, &c., do. ----- 64 

Faneuil Hall Market, - - - - 60, 67 

Cleric of, - - - -. - 74 

Fire Department, - - - - -51,75 

Committee on, - - - - 67 

Officers of, - - - - 75 

Ordinance, - - - - 51 

Fence Viewers, - - - - - 77 

Field Drivers, ----- 77 

Further time to report, - - - - 15 

Fish, Cullers of, - - - - - 77 

Fort Hill, Committee on, - - - 66 

Funeral Undertakers, - - - - 73 



General Meetings, • 
Government, City, 



Harbor of Boston, Committee on, 


65 


Harbor Master, - - . - 


74 


House of Correction, 




Overseers, &c., of, - 


78 


Reformation, - - - 


78 


Industry, &c., - - - 


77 


Directors, &c., - - - 


77 


Hard Lumber, Surveyors of. 


76 


Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of. 


78 


Health Department, - - - 


72 


Board of, - 


31 


Hay Weighers, . - - - 


77 


Hay, Inspection of, - - . 


77 


Highways, Surveyors of. 


-28,73 


Hoops and Staves, Cullers, - 


77 



Instruction, Public, Committee on, - 65 

Inspectors of Prisons, - - - - 69 

Interment of Dead, - - - - 72 

Indefinite Postponement, - - - 10 
Institutions at South Boston, and Deer 

Island, Committee on, - - 64 



Internal Health, Committee on, - 
Industry, House of, ... 



Jail, Committee on, 
Joint Rules and Orders, 
Joint Standing Committees, - 

how composed, 

records to be kept, - 

Chairman of, 

reports of, - 
Jailor, Deputy, - - - 
Justices, Police Court, - 



Laws, recent, - - - 

Lunatic Hospital, Act, - 

Ordinance, 

Visitors, - - - 
Laying on the Table, 
Licenses, Committee on. 
Lands, Public, Committee on, 

Superintendent of, - 
Lamps, number of, &c., ' - 

Lighters, pay, &c., - 

Committee on, - 

Superintendent of, - 
Lumber, Surveyors of, - 
Lime, Inspectors of. 
Leather, Measurer of. 
Library, Public, Committee on, 

Statute - . - 



■M 

Marble, Act concerning, - ■< 
Motions to be in writing, 

withdrawn, _ _ - 
Members, rights and duties of, 
Members not to speak more than tw 
not to stand up, 
not to be interrupted, 
not to be on more than two 
mittees, - - - - 
not to be named, 
all to vote, - - - 
two or more rising, - 
interested, - - - 

Messages to Mayor and Aldermen, 
Mayor, vacancy of, - - _ 

no choice of, - - - 
election of, _ _ - 
Main question, - - . - 
Memorials, &c., _ - - - 
Market, Committee on, - 

Clerks and assistants of, - 
Mahogany, &c.. Surveyors of. 
Municipal Court, Officers of, - 
Messenger to City Council, - 

Assistant, - - - - 
Meetings of Committees, notice of, 
Marriages, &c., Registry of, - 
Marshal, how chosen, &c., - 
Measurers of Wood, Bark, &.C., 
Municipal Year, - - - - 



Com- 



67 
3 

64 
3 
6 
5 
7 

69 

69 



39 

42 
59 
78 
10 

67 
65 

74 
74 
83 
67 
74 
76 
77 
77 
66 
41 



12 
14 
12 
11 
12 
16 
20 

20, 22 
20 
10 
14 
67 
74 
76 
69 

16,63 
63 
15 
72 
69 
77 
24 



N 



Notice to Committees, - - - - 15 

Newspapers taken by City, - - - 72 

Night Police, 70 

No debate, - - - - - - 10, 12 



INDEX. 



157 



o 

Oaths of Office, - - . 
Order of business, - - - 
Orders, titles of, - - . 

to have two readings, 
Ordinances, titles of, - 

reading of, 

Committee on, - 
Overseers of the Poor, - 
Oak Lumber, &c.. Surveyors of, 
Order, questions of, 
Officers, election of, time, &c., 

not to sell, &c., 
Orators of Boston, - - - 



24 
13 
6 
15 

6 
15 
65 
79 
76 

io 

112 

50 

113 



Primary Schools, ----- 87 

Police Department, - - - -40,69 

Committee on, - - - - 66 

Court, - - - . . 69 

Day, ------ 70 

Night, ----- 70 

Paving, &c.. Committee on, - - - 67 

Prisons, Inspectors of, - - - - 69 

Physicians, Port, and City, - - - 72 

Consulting, - _ - - 72 

Priority of business, - - - - ]3 

Pound Keepers, ----- 77 

Personal Estate, valuation of, - - 107 

Population of the City, - - - - 108 

President of the Council, 

Rights and duties of, - 9, 10, 12 

Absence of, - - - - 11 

Substitution of, . - - 9 

to call to order, - . _ n 

Previous Guestion - - - - 10 

Public Buildings, Superintendent of, - 73 

Committee on, - - - r 65 
Public Lands, 

Superintendent of, - - - 74 

Committee on, - - - - 65 

squares, &c., - - - - 66 

Poor, Overseers of, - - - - 79 

Personalities, - - - - - - 11 

Postponement, ----- 10 

Petitions, &c., ----- ]4 

Printing, &c.. Committee on, - -65,72 

Public Instruction, Committee on, - 65 



Q 

Questions propounded. 

Under debate, - 

Questions of order, 

Questions, Divisions of, 

Laying on the Table, 

Quarantine Boat Captain, 



R 



Rules and Orders, 

Joint, - - . 

Common Council, 

Suspension of, - 

Repeal or amendment of. 

Breach of, - - - 
Reduction City Debt, 

Committee on. 
Resolves, what are. 
Records of Committees, 
Reports, Clerks to make copies, ■ 

to be in writing. 

Joint, - . . 

agreed to by Committee, ■ 

time allowed, - 



Reconsideration, ----- 11 
Reading of papers, - - - - H, 15 

Real Kstato, valuation of, ... 107 

Reference of questions, ... 13 

Recomuiitment, - .... 13 

Reformation, House of, ... 78 

Registrar, City, 72 

Water, 79 

Registry of Birtlis, &c., ... 72 

Rainsford Island, Keeper, - - - 72 



Standing Committees, 

Joint, 3,64 

how chosen, - - - - H 

IVlembers of - - - - 64 

Chairman of, • - - - 5, ^5 

Meetings, how called, - - 15 

of Mayor and Aldermen, - - 66 

to keep Records, ... 

Sums, and times, votes on, - - - 10 

Suspension of Rules, &c., ... 14 

Striking out, ..... 13 

Seats of Members, - t - - 13 

Special Committees, - - - - 15 

Sewers and Drains, 

Committee on, .... 66 

Superintendent of, - - - 73 

Salaried Officers, how chosen, . . 16 

Solicitor, City, 68 

Steam Engines, Committee on, - - 67 

Streets and Ways, Committee on, - 67 

Superintendent of, - - 73 

Surveyors of Highways, ... 73 

Staves, &c., cullers of, ... 77 

Seal of City, 36 

Sheriffs, &c , 69 

Select Comnultees, .... 15 

Substitution of President, - . - 9 

Sealers of Weights and Measures, - 77 

Schools, 81 

Committee, ... - 80 

Vacancies, - - - - 41 

Instructors, - - - - 82 

Primary, ----- 87 

Expenses of, - . - - 108 

Superintendent, - - - SO 



Transfers of Appropriations, , 


6 


Times and sums, votes on, . 


10 


Taxes 


104 


Taxes, for last six years, 


104 


Treasury Department, 


68 


Committee on, . 


66 


Titles to ordinances, &c.. 


6 


Trucks, &c.. Superintendent of, . 


70 


Two thirds vote, .... 


14 


members rising. 


11 


readings, .... 


15 


Truants, 


71 



3,9 






3 






9 


U 




14 






14 


Undertakers, .... 


73 


12 


Upper Leather, Measurer of, . 


77 


64 






6 


V 




6 






7 


Votes, one fifth, 


10 


7 


two thirds, . 


14 


6 


doubted. 


. 9,13 


6 


of all required, . 


12 


6 


Voters qualified, . , 


.24,35 



158 



INDEX. 



Violation of Rules and Orders, 
Vacancies in School Committee, 
in Ward Offices, 



W 

Water Department, 

Registrar, . 

Committee on, 

Act, . 

Ordinance, 

Rates, . 
Ward Officers, 

Officers, duties of, 

Meetings, . 



79 
79 
66 
39 
60 
44, 50 
40,98 
18 
35 



Wards, Boundaries, 

Officers, attending, 
Widening streets, Committee 
Watcii Department, 
Wood, &c.. Measurers of, 
Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, . 
Withdrawing motions, . 
Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of. 
Weighers and Measurers, 



Yeas and Nays, 



101 
71 



10