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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

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MUNICIPAL EEGISTER, 



CONTAINING 



RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL, 



CITY CHAETER AND EECENT OEDINANCES, 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



18 5 3. 









BOSTON: 
1853. 

iS&SS^^Ef J. H. EASTBURN, CITY PRINTER. 

PUBLIC 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2010 with funding from 
Boston Public Library . 



http://www.archive.org/details/municipalregiste1853bost 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 



CITT COUKCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall be 
chosen by ballot, viz : 

A Committee on Finance — 

To consist of the* Mayor and seven members of the 
Common Council ; 

A Committee on Accounts — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of 
the Common Council. 

And the following shall be appointed, viz : 

A Committee on the Public Lands — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil; 

A Committee on Public Buildings — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil; 



Joint Rules of the City Council. 



A Committee on Public Instruction — 

To consist of tlie Mayor, two Aldermen, and the Pre- 
sident and four members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Institutions at South Boston and 
on Deer Island — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Fuel — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Water — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five mem- 
bers of the, Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Treasury Department — 

To consist of two Aldermen, and three members of 
the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Assessors' Department — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and three members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Boston Harbor — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and three members of the Common 
Council ; 

A Committee on Printing — 

To consist of one member of the Board of Mayor and 
Aldermen, and two members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Public Library — 

To consist of the Mayor and two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on Ordinances — 

To consist of three Aldermen, and five members of 
the Common Council. 

A Committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms — 

To consist of two Aldermen, and three members of 



Joint Mules of the City Council. 



the Common Council, who shall have the superinten- 
dence and control of the Telegraphic System of Fire 
Alarms, and the appointment of all officers necessary 
for its practical operation, until otherwise provided. 

A Committee on Claims — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of 
the Common Council, who shall have full power and 
authority to investigate, and, under the advice of the 
Mayor, to adjust and settle all claims against the City, 
and to take any measures for the defence of such claims 
that they may deem expedient. 

On all Joint Committees, wherein it is provided that 
the Mayor shall be a member, in case of the non-elec- 
tion, decease, inability, or absence of that officer, the 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen shall act ex-officio. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the 
part of the Common Council, shall, according to the 
ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Heduction 
of the City Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his re- 
signation or inability, the other members of the same 
Board, in the order in which they are named, and after 
them, the member of the Common Council, first in or- 
der, shall call meetmgs of the Committee and act as 
Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 



Joint Allies of the City Council. 



request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either shall 
choose, the reasons of their respective Boards, for and 
against the matter in controversy, confer freely thereon, 
and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence shall 
be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall ad- 
journ. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed " Ordinances,^' and the enacting st3de 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Common Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of Com- 
mand., the form of expression shall be " Ordered;" and 
whenever, either or both branches express opinions, 
principles, facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, after the annual order of appropriations shall 
have been passed, no subsequent expenditures shall be 
authorized for any object, unless provision for the same 
shall be made by special transfer from some of the ap- 
propriations contained in such annual order, or by ex- 
pressly creating therefor a City Debt ; in the latter of 
which cases, the order shall not be passed, unless two- 
thirds of the whole number of each branch of the City 



Joint Rules of the City Council. 



Council shall vote in the affirmative, by vote taken by- 
yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriation specially made 
therefor, it shall be the duty of the Committee having 
such subject in charge to submit the same to the City 
Council for instructions before such contract is made 
and signed, or any expenditure for the object is made. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of theii* proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided 
by the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act 
by separate consultations, and no report shall be re- 
ceived, unless agreed to in Committee actually assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, 
to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kmd shall be made on the 
reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the Com- 
mittee of either branch. All reports shall be signed by 
the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairmen thereof. 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall 
audit or approve any bill or account against the City, 
for any supplies or services, which shall not have been 
ordered or authorized by the Committee. 



EULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Powers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precise- 
ly at the hour, to which the Council shall have ad- 
journed; shall call the members to order; and on the 
appearance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the pre- 
ceding meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a re- 
turn of the members voting in the affirmative, and in 
the negative, without further debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall ap- 
point the member who shall take the chair. The Pre- 
sident may at any other tune, call any member to the 



10 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

cliair, but such substitution shall not continue beyond 
an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pre- 
sent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order, in which they are moved, unless the sub- 
sequent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely ; which several motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in v/hich they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone m- 
definitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall' consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order ; and that motion, and the 
motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question he now put?'' — 
and all debate upon the main question shall be sus- 
pended until the previous question shall be decided. 
After the adoption of the previous question, the sense 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 11 

of the Council shall forthwith be taken upon amend- 
ments reported by a Committee, upon all pending 
amendments and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member 
shall speak more than once without leave ; and all in- 
cidental questions of order, arising after a motion is 
made for the previous question, shall be decided with- 
out debate, except on an appeal ; and on such an ap- 
peal, no member shall be allowed to speak more than 
once without leave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or specially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Memhers. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President pro tempore shall be chosen 
by ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the President ; shall con- 
fine himself to the question under debate, and avoid 
personalities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. 
No member shall speak out of his place, without leave 
of the President. 

Sect. 18. No member speakmg, shall be interrupt- 
ed by another, but by rising up to call to order. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtainmg leave of the 



12 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member who voted in the majority, to 
move a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the suc- 
ceeding meeting, but not afterward ; and when a mo- 
tion for reconsideration is decided, that vote shall not 
be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman 
of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand 
up to the interruption of another, while any member 
is speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Pre- 
sident and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, be required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor; and in such a case, he shall not 
be allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, 
till he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him; application to be so excused, 
on any question, must be made before the Council is 
divided, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and 
such application shall be accompanied by a brief state- 
ment of the reasons, and shall be decided on without 
debate. 



Hules and Orders of the Common Council. 13 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; but 
a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and Reports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Mayor and Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers. 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. "When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent, shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the question 
shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 



14 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of mem- 
bers, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; and 
each member shall be entitled for the year, to the seat 
bearing the number so drawn against his name ; and 
shall not change it except by permission of the Presi- 
dent. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name, in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds 
of the members present consent thereto. 

Petitions^ Memorials, ^c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council, shall 
be presented by the President, or a member m his 
place, and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or 
such other person as the President may request ; and 
shall be taken up in the order in which they are pre- 
sented, except when the Council shall otherwise deter- 
mine ; provided, that the reading of petitions, memori- 
als, remonstrances, and papers of a like nature, shall in 
all instances be dispensed with, unless specially order- 
ed by the Council. 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 15 

Powers and Duties of Committees., ^c. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, 
shall be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as 
they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking ; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak, has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Keturns, and a Standing Committee on Streets, shall be 
appointed at the commencement of the municipal year, 
and shall consist of five members each. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the ses- 
sions of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, shall 
be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by the 
direction of the President ; they shall organize at their 
first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and shall 
report the same to the Council ; and members on the 
part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 
aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meet- 
ing, and report to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the mem- 
ber next in order, who shall be present, shall be Chair- 
man pro tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Peport of any Committee shall be en- 
titled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee as- 
sembled. 



16 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees, to keep record of their doings, in books pro- 
yided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances, Orders, ^c. 
Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 
and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day ; provided 
however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 
to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the City. 

Elections, ^c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks, and ballots for in- 
eligible persons, shall be reported, but shall not be 
counted in the returns. 

Sect. 50. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Clerk, ^c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such or- 
ders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 17 

otherwise, — shall notice Reports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, — and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up all 
messages to the Mayor and Aldermen, and send them by 
the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings of Com- 
mittees of the Council, and make their records when re- 
quired. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 



19 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

I. By an act of the legislature of Massaclmsetts, passed ^^JP^e'nl'aT'"" 
on the twenty- third day of February, eighteen hundred andP^^^'^^j^^^ i_ 
twenty-two, it was provided that the inhabitants of the 

town of Boston for all purposes, for which towns were by 
law incorporated in this commonwealth, should continue to 
be one body politic, in fact and in name, -under the style 
and denomination of the City of Boston, and as such should 
have, exercise and enjoy, all the rights, immunities, powers 
and privileges, and should be subject to all the duties and 
obligations, then incumbent upon and appertaining to said |]oj^^«j^y^^^*™s"^ 
town, as a municipal corporation. The legislature reserved i^i'i. § ^u. 
the right to amend or alter this act whenever they might 
deem it expedient ; and it was to be void unless the inhabi- tiie cufze°ns*.^ ^ 
tants of the town at a legal meeting should determine to Bllst'oh Records, 
adopt the same within twelve days. It was adopted on the Tkck'letJiis. 
fourth day of March in the same year, and the town imme- 
diately became a city. 

II. The administration of all the fiscal, prudential, and ^I'^^'^crty'^offl-"'^ 
municipal concerns of the city, with the conduct and gov- ^g^^- ^j^ . j^ 
ernment thereof, is vested in one principal officer, to be 

styled the mayor, one select council, consisting of eight per- 
sons, to be denominated the board of aldermen, and one 
more numerous council to consist of forty-eight persons, to 
be denominated the common council ; which boards in their 
joint capacity are denominated the city council — together 
with such other boards of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

III. By the second section of the city charter it was Division into 
made, the duty of the selectmen of Boston, as soon as might 1821,110, $2." 
be after the passing of the act, to cause a new division of 

the town to be made into twelve wards, in such manner as 
to include an equal number of inhabitants in each ward, as 
nearly as conveniently might be, consistently wdth well de- 
fined limits ; including, in such computation of numbers of 



20 CITY CHARTEH AND AMENDMENTS. 

inhabitants, persons of all descriiDtions, and taking the last 

census, made under the authority of the United States, as 

a basis for such computation. Power was given to the city 

council, from time to time, not oftener than once in ten 

years, to alter such divisions of wards, in such manner as to 

Each ward to in- preserve as nearly as might be, an equal number of inhabi- 

numbeToT'"*' tauts in cach ward. This last provision has recently been 

1850^167, 5 1. amended, to the effect, that the division of the city into 

counc/u A^pn"^^ wards is to be so made as to include an equal number of 

RecM-ds, VOL28, leQcd votevs in each ward. 

p. ]G0. 

Annual Munici- IV. On tho sccoud Monday of December annually, the 
]8Qi, Jio, ^3, citizens qualified to vote in city affairs are required to meet 

]824 49, § 1. ... . . 

(Adopted by the withiu their respective wards, at such time and place as the 

inhabitants, Feb. -,. iii' i_ t l t 

25, 1825. Boston mayor and aldermen may by their warrant direct and ap- 
p. 505. ' ■ ' point ; and the said citizens shall then choose by ballot one 
Warden and warden and one clerk, who shall be resident in said ward, 

clerk. 

who shall hold their offices for one year, and until others 
are appointed in their stead. It shall be the duty of the 
warden to preside at all meetings of the citizens of the ward 
and to preserve order therein. It shall be the duty of the 
clerk to make a fair and true record, and keep an exact 
journal of all the acts and votes of the citizens, at the ward 
meetings ; to deliver over such records and journals, together 
with all other documents and papers held by him, in his said 
Absence of war- capacity, to Hs succcssor in office. In case of the absence 
cers, of the warden at the opening of any annual meeting it shall 

be the duty of the clerk to call the citizens to order and 
preside until a warden is chosen by ballot.^ If at any other 
meeting the warden be absent, the clerk is to preside until 
a moderator or warden pro temjyore shall be chosen, which 
may be done by nomination and hand vote if the clerk so 
1845, 217, $3, direct. The act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, provides, however, 

(Adopted by city ' ? J ^ ? 1 ? i /y. 

council, Oct. 6, that in case of the absence of any or either of the ward ofn- 

1845. City Re- . „ , . ^ , 

cords, vol. 23, ccrs at any meeting, for elections, or other purposes, such 
office may be filled ^ro tempore, by the legal voters present, 

1 This was the origiilal provision in the charter, hut the fair inference 
from the act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, -which is incorporated in the text, is, 
tliat any ward office in case of absence may be filled pro tempore, by nomi- 
nation and hand vote, if the voters present so determine. 



CITY CHARTER, AND AMENDMENTS. 21 

•whicli may be done by nomination and hand votes, if the 
voters present so determine. At the same meeting five in- inspectors, 
spectors of elections are to be chosen for the ward, being 
residents therein, by ballot, to hold their offices for one 
year. It shall be the duty of the warden and inspectors in 
each ward, to receive, sort, count, and declare all votes, at 
all elections within such ward. And the warden, clerk, and ^il^'fn"pectors' 
inspectors, so chosen, shall respectively be under oath, faith- *» be under oatb. 
fully and impartially to discharge their several duties, rela- 
tive to all elections ; which oath may be administered by 
the clerk of such ward, to the warden, and by the latter to 
the clerk and inspectors, or by any justice of the peace of 
the county of Suffolk ; and a certificate of such oath's hav- 
ing been administered shall be entered in the record or 
journal, to be kept by the clerk of such ward. 

V. The warden, or other presiding officer of a ward|°^fg^°fjJ*/;Q 
meeting, shall have full power and authority to preserve or- "gg^'^'no & 4. 
der and decorum therein, and to repress all riotous, tumult- 
uous, and disorderly conduct therein, and for that purpose 

call to his aid any constable, or other peace officer, and 
also to command the aid and assistance of any citizen or 
citizens, who may be present : and any peace officer, or 
other citizen, neglecting or refusing to afford such aid, shall 
be taken and deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor. The 
warden shall also have power and authority, by warrant, 
under his hand, to cause any person or persons who shall 
be guilty of any riotous, tumultuous, or disorderly conduct 
at such meeting, to be taken into custody, and restrained : 
Provided, hoioever, that such restraint shall not continue Provisoes, 
after the adjournment or dissolution of such meeting : And 
Provided, further, that the person, so guilty of such disor- 
derly conduct, shall be liable, notwithstanding such restraint, 
to be prosecuted and punished, in the same manner, as if 
such arrest had not been made. 

VI. The citizens qualified to vote in city affairs, at their Eiection of 
respective ward meetings, to be held on the second Mondavibid,§5. 

1824 49 6 1. 

in December annually, shall be called upon to give in their (Adopted by in- 

,« 11 IT I !• •IT-,, liabitants, Feb. 

votes lor one able and discreet person, bemg an mhabitant 25, 1825, noston 
of the city, to be mayor of said city, for the term of one p''. 505 ) ' " ' 

*^' -^ •" K.S.4, ^', 12. 



22 CITY CHARTEE, AND AMENDMENTS. 

year. And all the votes so given in, in each ward, being 
sorted, counted, and declared bj the warden and inspectors 
of elections, shall be recorded at large, by the clerk, in 
open ward meeting : and in making such declaration and 
record, the whole number of votes or ballots, given in, shall 
be distinctly stated, together with the name of every per- 
son voted for, and the number of votes given for each per- 
son respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in words 
at length : and a transcript of such record, certified and 
authenticated by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors of elections for each ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by such ward clerk, to the clerk of 
the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk, forth- 
with to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, upon the 
journal of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
some other book to be kept for that purpose. And it shall 
be the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together 
within two days after such election, and to examine and 
compare all the said returns, and to ascertain whether any 
person has a majority of all the votes given for mayor ; and 
in case a majority is so given, it shall be their duty to give 
notice thereof, in writing, to the person thus elected, and 
also to make the same known to the inhabitants of said city. 

No choice. But if, ou such Said examination no person appears to have 
a majority of all the votes given for mayor, the mayor and 
aldermen for the time being, shall issue their warrants for 
meetings of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, 
at such time and place, as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects, as 
are herein before directed, until a mayor shall be chosen by 

Decease, inabiii- a maioritv of all the voters votina; at such elections. And 

ty or absence of ! . '' *; . . . '-' 

mayor. m casc 01 the decease, inability, or absence of the mayor, 

and the same being declared and a vote passed by the al- 
dermen and common council, respectively, declaring such 
cause, and the expediency of electing a mayor, for the time 
being, to supply the vacancy thus occasioned, it shall be 
lawful for the aldermen and common council to meet in con- 
vention, and elect a mayor to hold the said office until such 
occasion shall be removed, or until a new election. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 23 

yil. Whenever, on examination by the mayor and al- Proceedings in 

, case of no chdice 

dermen of the returns of votes eiven for mayor at the meet- of mayor before 

•-^ . '■^6 commence- 

mgs of the wards holden for the purpose of electmg thatmentofthemu- 
officer, last preceding; the first Monday of January, in each ]83o, 7, % \. 

IT? , . « n 1 (Adopted by citi- 

year, no person shall appear to have a maiority of all the zens, June le, 
votes given for mayor, the mayor and aldermen, by whom Records, voi. lo, 
such examination is made, shall make a record of that fact, 
an attested copy of which it shall be the duty of the city 
clerk to produce and read, on the first Monday of January, 
in the presence of the members returned to serve as alder- 
men and common councilmen ; and thereupon the oaths 
prescribed by law may be administered to the members 
elect by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial 
court, or any judge of any court of record holden in said 
city, or by any justice of the peace for the county of Suifolk; 
and thereupon the members of the board of aldermen shall 
proceed to elect a chairman, and the common council a 
president, in their respective chambers, and being respect- 
ively organized, shall proceed to business in the same man- 
ner as is provided in the seventeenth section below, in case 
of the absence of the mayor : — and the board of aldermen 
shall forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of the citi- 
zens of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, at 
such time and place as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as 
are directed in and by the provisions of the preceding sec- 
tion and repeated from time to time, until a mayor shall be 
chosen, by a majority of all the voters voting at such elec- 
tions. 

VIII. In case any person elected mayor of the city Refusal of may- 

1 n f , 1 ii rr- n t i ,, or elect toaccept. 

shall reiuse to accept the oflice, the same proceeamgs shall isso, 7, 5 2. 
be had in all respects, as are hereinbefore directed in cases 
wherein there has been no choice of mayor, until a mayor 
be chosen by a majority of votes. And in case of the una- Absence of may- 
voidable absence by sickness or otherwise, of the mayor 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the city government 
shall organize itself in the mode herein before provided, 
and may proceed to business in the same manner as if the 
mayor were present. 



24 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

Proceedings in IX. Whenever it shall appear, by the regular returns 

case no mayor is _ ^ x t. ? ,/ o 

chosen or a full of the elections of the city officers, that a mayor has not 

board of alder- i 

men is not bccn chosen, or that a full board of aldermen has not been 

elected. 

1845, 217, § 1. elected, such of the board of aldermen, whether they con- 

(Adopted bv city . i 

council, Oct. 6, stitute a quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall 

1845. City Re- . -^ -ir^P i-n 

cords, vol. 23, p. issuc thoir Warrant, m usual form, for the election of a 
mayor, or such members of the board of aldermen as may 
be necessary, and the same proceedings shall be had and 
repeated, until the election of a mayor and aldermen shall 
be completed, and all vacancies be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a mayor nor any alderman shall be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, and after 
the powers of the former mayor, and mayor and aldermen, 

In case neither shall havc ccasod, it shall be the duty of the president of 

a mayor nor any ., . , . . , 

alderman is the commou council, to issuc his warrant, m the same man- 
ner as the board of aldermen would have done, if elected, 
and the same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor, or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Who is to dis- X. In casc of the non-election of a mayor, the chair- 
duties when no man of the board of aldermen shall discharge all the duties 

niavor is elected. . ^,. mitt- 

1845,217, §4. incumbent on the mayor of the city, prescribed by the city 
charter, or any other law, or any ordinance of the city, 
which now or hereafter may be required of him, until a 
mayor shall be chosen and duly sworn to the discharge of 
his duties ; and such chairman, with the board of aldermen, 
shall discharge all the duties incumbent on the mayor and 
aldermen. 

Election of ai- XI. The citlzeus in their respective ward meetings, to 
1821, lib, $6. be held on the second Monday of December, annually, shall 

1824, 49, § I. . . 

(Adopted by citi- be callcd upou to sivc in their votes for eight persons, be- 

zens Feb. 25 l •-^ . 

1825.' Boston ing inhabitants of said city, to constitute the board of alder- 
Records, vol. 10, ° ,. , . Till , • 1 

p. 505.) men, lor the ensuing year ; and all the votes so given, be- 

ing sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and in- 
spectors shall be recorded at large by the clerk, in open 
ward meeting ; and in making such declaration and record, 
the whole number of votes or ballots given in shall be par- 
ticularly stated, together with the name of every person 
voted for, and the number of votes given for each person ; 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. . 25 

and a transcript of such record, certified by the warden, 
and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of each ward, 
shall, by the said clerk, within two days, be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings shall be had, 
to ascertain and determine the persons chosen as aldermen, 
as are hereinbefore directed in regard to the choice of 
mayor, and for a new election, in case of the whole number 
required not being chosen at the first election. And each 
alderman, so chosen, shall be duly notified in writing of his 
election by the mayor and aldermen for the time being. 

XII. In case of the death or resignation of any mem- Death or resjg- 

y '' nation of alder 

ber of the board of aldermen, the citizens of Boston shall men. 

^ . 1824, 28, $ 6. 

have power to fill such vacancy, at any regular meetmg 
that may thereafter be convened for that purpose. 

XIII. Whenever it shall appear to the mayor and al- vacancy in 

^ •■■ . . 1 r» board of alder- 

dermen, that there is a vacancy in either the board of al- men, common 

' ... council, or other 

dermen, or in the common council, or in any of the city or offices. 

' "^ "1 1845, 217, § 2. 

ward offices, it shall be the duty of the mayor and alder- (Accepted by 

. . , ^ city council, Oct. 

men to issue their warrant for elections, m due form, to fill e, 1845. city Re- 

. cords, vol. 23, p. 

all such vacancies in each and ail of the said boards and 406.) 
offices, at such time and place as in their judgment may be 
deemed advisable. 

XIV. The citizens of each ward, qualified to vote as Election of com- 



mon council 



aforesaid, at their respective ward meetings, to be held on 1821,110, is 7". 

1824 40 ^ 1. 

the second Monday of December annually, shall be called (Adopted by citu 
upon to give in their votes for four able and discreet men, 1825.' Boston ke 
being inhabitants of said ward, to be members of the com- 505.)' " ' 
mon council ; and ail the votes given in as aforesaid, in 
each ward, being sorted, counted, and declared by the war- 
den and inspectors, if it appear that four persons have a 
majority of all the votes given at such election, a public 
declaration thereof, with the names of the persons so chosen, 
shall be made in open ward meeting, and the same shall be 
entered at large, by the clerk of such ward, in his journal, 
stating particularly the whole number of votes given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, and the number actu- 
ally given for each of the persons, so declared to be chosen. 
4 



26 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

No choice. But, in case four persons, are not chosen at the first ballot, 
a new ballot shall be opened for a number of common coun- 
cilmen, sufficient to complete the number of four ; and the 
same j)roceedings shall be had, as before directed, until the 
number of four shall be duly chosen. Provided, however, 
that if the said elections cannot conveniently be completed 

Adjournment, on such day, the same may be adjourned to another day, 
for that purpose, not longer distant than three days. 

Certificate of And cach of the persons so chosen as a member of the 

olcctions* 

common council, in each ward, shall, within two days of his 
election, be furnished with a certificate thereof, signed by 
the warden, clerk and a majority of the inspectors of such 
ward ; which certificate shall be presumptive evidence of 
the title of such person to a seat in the common council ; 
Council shall de- but such council, liowever, shall have authority to decide 

cide questions i i- i ii ^•f l' 

of elections, &c. ultimately upon all questions relative to the quahlications, 
elections, and returns of its members. 



Qualifications of XV. Evcry male citizen of twenty-one years of age and 

voters at muni- . , -, -.. 

cipai elections, upwards, excepting paupers, and persons under guardian- 
3821, 110, $ 8. ship, who shall have resided within the commonwealth one 
year and within the city six months next preceding any 
meeting of citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid by himself 
or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, 
which, within two years next preceding such meeting, shall 
have been assessed upon him, in any town or district in 
this commonwealth, and also every citizen who shall be by 
law, exempted from taxation, and who shall be in all other 
respects qualified as above mentioned, shall have a right to 
vote at such meeting, and no other person shall be entitled 
to vote at such meeting. 

Commencement XVI. The mayor, aldermen, and common councilmen, 
of municipa ^hoseu as aforesaid, shall enter on the duties of their re- 
182^' 49! §1!'' spective offices on the first Monday of January, and before 
zen°,''Feb.'^25i'"" entering on the duties of their offices, shall respectively be 
K!fc^nrd^,''voi."io, swom, by taking the oath of allegiance and oath of office, 
p. o05.) prescribed in the constitution of this commonwealth, and an 

Oath of Office oath to support the constitution of the United States. And 



CITr CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 27 

such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, by any 
one of the justices of the supreme judicial court or any 
judge of any court of record, commissioned to hold any such 
court, within the said city, or by any justice of the peace 
for the county of Suffolk. And such oaths shall and may 
be administered to the aldermen and members of the com- 
mon council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn as 
aforesaid ; and a certificate of such oaths having been taken 
shall be entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council, respectively by their respective 
clerks.i 



XVII. The mayor and aldermen, thus chosen and qual- Mayorandaider- 

ti ' J- men to compose 

ified, shall compose one board, and shall sit and act together one ^joard. 

' '■ ^ ' ^ ^ ° 182I, 110, 9 10. 

as one body, at all meetings, of which the mayor, if present, see also 1845, 
shall preside ; but in his absence, the board may elect ai846, so'. 
chairman, for the time being. The said board, together 
with the common council, in convention, shall have power 
to choose a clerk, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- city cierk. 
charge of the duties of his ofiice, who shall be chosen for 
the term of one year, and until another person is duly 
chosen to succeed him ; removable, however, at the pleasure 
of the mayor and aldermen ; who shall be denominated the 
clerk of the city, and whose duty it shall be to keep a jour- His powers and 
nal of the acts and proceedings of the said board, composed 
of the mayor and aldermen ; to sign all warrants issued by 
them, and to do such other acts in his said capacity, as 
may, lawfully and reasonably, be required of him ; and to 
deliver over all journals, books, papers, and documents en- 
trusted to him as such clerk, to his successor in ofiice, im- 
mediately upon such successor being chosen and qualified 
as aforesaid, or whenever he may be thereto required by 
the said mayor and aldermen. And the city clerk thus 

1 The statute of 1824, c, 49, § 2, cited in the margin of § xvi in the text 
provides that all the oiBcers chosen on the second Monday of December 
by virtue of said act, shall enter on the duties of their respective offices on 
the first Monday of January in each year. This provision includes not 
only the mayor, aldermen and common councilmen, but also the wardens, 
clerks of tlie wards, inspectors of elections, overseers of the poor and 
school committee. 



28 



CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 



Common coun- 
cil ii separate 
body. 
1821, 110, 5 i:. 



President. 



Clerk. 



Sittings to be 
public. 



Quorum. 



chosen and qualified, shall have all the powers, and perform 
all the duties belonging at the time of the act of incorpora- 
tion, to the town clerk of the town of Boston, as if the same 
were particularly and fully enumerated, except in cases 
where it is otherwise expressly proyided. 

XVm. The persons so chosen and qualified, as mem- 
bers of the common council of the said city, shall sit and 
act together as a separate body, distinct from that of the 
mayor and aldermen, except in those cases in which the 
two bodies are to meet in convention ; and the said council 
shall have power, from time to time, to choose one of their 
own members to preside over their deliberations, and to 
preserve order therein, and also to choose a clerk, who shall 
be under oath faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, 
who shall hold such office, during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and whose duty it shall be to attend said council, when 
the same is in session, to keep a journal of its acts, votes, 
and proceedmgs, and to perform such other services, in said 
capacity, as said council may require. Ail sittings of the 
common council shall be public ; also all sittings of the 
mayor and aldermen, when they are not engaged in execu- 
tive business. Twenty-five members of the common coun- 
cil shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 



Compensation 
of the mayor. 
1821, 110, $ 12, 



XIX. The mayor of the said city, thus chosen and 
qualified, shall be taken and deemed to be the cliief execu- 
tive officer of said corporation ; and he shall be compensat- 
ed for his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board of 
aldermen and common council, in city council convened, 
payable at stated periods ; which salary shall not exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars annually, and he shall re- 
ceive no other compensation or emoluments whatever ; and 
no regulations enlarging or diminishing such compensation 
shall be made, to take eifect until the expiration of the year, 
for which the mayor then in office, shall have been elected. 
His powers and 'And it shall be the duty of the mayor to be vio"ilant and 

duties. . ,, . . , '' ° 

active at all times, m causing the laws for the government 
of said city to be duly executed and put in force ; to inspect 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 29 

the conduct of all subordinate officers in the government 
thereof, and as far as in his power to cause all negligence, 
carelessness, and positive violation of duty to be duly pro- 
secuted and punished. He shall have power, whenever in 
his judgment, the good of said city may require it, to sum- 
mon meetings of the board of aldermen and common council, 
or either of them, although the meeting of said boards, or 
either of them may stand adjourned to a more distant day. 
And it shall be the duty of the mayor, from time to time, 
to communicate to both branches of the city council all such 
information, and recommend all such measures as may tend 
to the improvement of the finances, the police, health, se- 
curity, cleanliness, comfort, and ornament of the said city. 

XX. The administration of police together with the ex- Powers and du- 

. ,, , tiesofmayor 

ecutive powers oi the said corporation generally, together and aiderinen. 
also with all the powers heretofore vested in the selectmen J832,' icc^repeki- 
of the town of Boston, either by the general laws of this 2 Mete. 230. 

15 Pick. 243. 

commonwealth, by particular laws relative to the powers 
and duties of said selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by- 
laws of said town, are vested in the mayor and aldermen, 
as hereby constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. 

XXI. The mayor and aldermen shall have power to ^ay license 

"^ , , , . ■*■ theatrical exni- 

license all theatrical exhibitions, and all public shows, and ^82,°"ii(f ti4 

all exhibitions of whatever name or nature, to which admis-J^ut^ee 1849,231, 

$1,2. 
sion is obtained on payment of money, on such terms and 9 J'ick. 415. 

conditions as to them may seem just and reasonable ; and 
to regulate the same, from time to time, in such manner as 
to them may appear necessary to preserve order and deco- 
rum, and to prevent interruption of peace and quiet. And 
any person or persons who shall set forth, establish, or pro- 
mote any such exhibition or show, or publish, or advertise 
the same, or otherwise aid or assist therein, without a license 
so obtained as aforesaid, or contrary to the terms or condi- 
tions of such license, or whilst the same is suspended, or 
after the same is revoked by said mayor and aldermen, shall 



30 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



be liable to such forfeiture, as the city council may, by any 
by-law made for that purpose, prescribe.^ 

Way be chosen XXII. The city couucil havo the power and authority 
highways. of electing, if they see fit, the mayor and aldermen, survey- 
ors of highways for the city. 

May have the XXIII. In the couuty of Suffolk, the mayor and aider- 
powers of county . in •!• 1 • -t • 

commissioners mon 01 the City 01 Bostou shall, withm the said city, have 

except, &c. .,1., If. T Ti 1 • . 

K. s. 2-1, § 54. the uke powers and perform the like duties, as are exercis- 
ed and performed by the commissioners of other counties, 
saving to any party aggrieved the right of trial by jury in 
the court of common pleas, in cases of laying out, alter- 
ibid' 14, § 29. ing and discontinuing of ways, and assessing damages 
therefor. 



Powers of city 
council 

1821, no, § 15. 



By-laws. 



Provisoes. 



Assessment of 
taxes. 



XXIV. All other powers by law vested, at the time of 
the act of incorporation, in the town of Boston, or in the 
inhabitants thereof, as a municipal corporation, are vested 
in the mayor and aldermen, and common council of the said 
city to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board, as 
hereby constituted, having a negative upon the other. 
More especially they shall have power to make all such 
needful and salutary by-laws, as towns by the laws of this 
commonwealth have power to make and establish, and to 
annex penalties, not exceeding twenty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws shall take effect and be in force from 
and after the times therein respectively limited, without the 
sanction or confirmation of any court, or other authority 
whatsoever : Provided, that such by-laws shall not be re- 
pugnant to the constitution and laws of this commonwealth f 
And provided also, that the same shall be liable to be an- 
nulled by the legislature thereof. The said city council 
shall also have power, from time to time, to lay and assess 
taxes for all purposes, for which towns are by law required 



1 This section appears to be superseded by stat. 1849, c. 231. See 
Amiisemeiits. 

2 For general powers of city councils to make by-laws, see Ordinances 
and By-laws. See also stat. 1847, c. 262. 



CITY CHARTEE AND AMENDMENTS. 31 

or autliorized to assess and grant money, and also for all ^^~-' ^=' 
purposes, for which county taxes maybe levied and assessed 
so long as the town of Chelsea shall not be liable to taxation 
therefor ; Provided, Jioivever, that in the assessment and Pif^'sn. 
apportionment of all such taxes upon the polls and estates 
of all persons liable to contribute thereto, the same rules 
and regulations shall be observed as are now established by 
the laws of this commonwealth, or may be hereafter enact- 
ed, relative to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. The said city council shall also have power to pro- 
vide for the assessment and collection of such taxes, and ^oi^^ction of 
to make appropriations of all public moneys, and provide 
for the disbursement thereof, and take suitable measures to 
ensure a just and prompt account thereof ; and for these ^^^p^g^"""^ ^° ^® 
purposes, may either elect such assessors, and assistant 
assessors, as may be needful, or provide for the appoint- 
ment or election of the same, or any of them, by the mayor 
and aldermen, or by the citizens, as in their judgment may 
be most conducive to the public good, and may also require 
of all persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or dis- 
bursement of public moneys, such bonds with such condi- Bon^^^j^.'^J^j- ™''^y 
tions and such sureties, as the case may in their judgments 
require. 



1 The city council are the agents and trustees of the inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, with a limited authority ; they can perform no act in the execution of 
their trust, unless warranted by some general or special law of the com- 
monwealth, either in express terms or by reasonable inference. The gen- 
eral authority of towns to raise money by the assessment of taxes on the 
inhabitants, was given by the statute of 1785, ch. 75, § 7, " for the settle- 
ment, maintenance and support of the ministry, schools, the poor, and 
other necessary charges ai'ising within the same town," the most of which 
provision is re-enacted in the Revised Statutes, ch. 15, § 12. The only 
difficulty in the construction of this provision has been as to what are 
" other necessary charges," for which towns are authorized to raise money. 
Upon this point there have been several decisions. In the case of Stetson 
v.Kempton, (13 Massachusetts Reports, 272,) it was held, that towns have 
no authority in time of war and hostile invasion, to raise money to give 
additional wages to the militia and for other purposes of defence. The 
court say, that the erection of public buildings for the accommodation of 
the inhabitants, such as town houses to assemble in, and market houses for 
the sale of provisions^ may also be a proper town charge, and may come 
within the fair meaning of the term necessary, for these may be essential to 
the comfort and. convenience of the citizens. But it cannot be supposed 



32 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

niay provide for XXV. The saicl city couHcil shall have power, and 

of ckv'otficer°''' ^^®J ^^^ authorized to provide for the appointm,ent or 

1821, no, § 16. election of all necessary officers, for the good government 

of said city, not otherwise provided for ; to prescribe their 

duties, and fix their compensation, and to choose a register 



that the building of a theati'e, a circus, or any other place of mere amuse- 
ment, at the expense of the town, could be justified under the tei-m neces- 
sary town charges. Nor could the inhabitants be lawfully taxed for the 
purpose of raising a statue or a monument, these being matters of taste 
and not of necessity ; unless in populous and wealthy towns, tliey should 
be thought suitable ornaments to buildings or squares, the raising and 
maintenance of which are within the duty and care of the governors or 
officers of such towns. In Allen v. Inhabitants of Taunton, (19 Pick. Rep. 
485,) it was held, that a town is authorized to appropriate money for the 
repair of fire engines used for the purpose of extinguishing fires therein, 
whether they belong to the town or were purchased by private subscrip- 
tion ; and in the case of Hardy v. Inhabitants of Waltham^ (3 MetcalPs 
Rep. 163,) it was held, that a town has authority to appropriate money for 
the construction of reservoirs for water to supply fire engines. In the case 
of Spaulding v. City ofLoioell, (23 Pick. Rep. 71,) it was held, that cities 
and towns in this commonwealth, by virtue of their general powers, have 
authority in their corporate capacity, to build a market house, to appro- 
priate money therefor, and to assess the same upon the inhabitants. " To 
bring any particular subject," the court remark, " within this description 
of necessary town charges, it must appear to be money necessary to the 
execution of some corporate power, the enjoyment of some corporate right 
or the performance of some corporate duty, as established by law, or long 
usage.'" A town has no authority to raise money to aid in the construction 
of a road which by law is to be made at the expense of the county, and 
consequently a tax laid by the town for the purpose of collecting the 
money is illegal and void. A vote by a town appointing a committee to 
appropriate money for constructing such road, is an illegal and void act ; 
and a contract for constructing it entered into by the committee in behalf 
of the town, will not be binding upon the town. Parsons v. Inhabitants of 
Goshen, (11 Pick. Rep. 396.) A town ha? authority to provide for the 
support of a public clock, and to assess the expense thereof upon the in- 
habitants of the town. Willard v. Inhabitants of Newbury port, (12 Pick. 
Rep. 227.) A town is authorized to indemnify its officers, against any 
liability which they may incur in the bona fide discharge of their duties 
although it turn out that they have exceeded their legal rights and author- 
ity. Nelson v. Milford, (7 Pick, Rep. 186.) Bancroft v. Lynnfield, (18 ibid, 
566.) By the act of 1847, ch. 37, whenever any city or town shall have 
voted to raise by taxation, or by pledge of its credit, or to pay over, from 
moneys in its treasury, any sum or sums of money, for any other purpose 
or purposes, than those for which it may have the legal right and power 
so to do, the supreme judicial court is authorized to interfere and prevent 
the same, upon the suit or petition of any ten inhabitants of such city or 
town who are liable to be taxed therein. 



CITy CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 33 

of deeds, whenever the citj shall compose one county. The ^eldf °'' °^ 

city council also shall have the care and superintendence of 

the public building, and the care, custody, and manage- ^F?''"'^'^"^*^'^^ 

■■• o 3 7 J 5 o of City property. 

ment of all the property of the city, with power to lease or 
sell the same, except the Common and Faneuil Hall, with p^^^^^. ^^ ^^_ 
power also to purchase property, real or personal, in the '^^^^^ property. 
name, and for the use of the city, whenever its mterest or 
convenience may in their judgment require it. 

XXVI. All the power and authority by law vested, Sit^sQi\'il^r}7^' 
the time of the act of incorporation, in the board of health ^^ ^''^^- 1^^- 
for the town of Boston, relative to the quarantine of vessels 

and relative to every other subject whatsoever, shall be 
and the same is hereby transferred to, and vested in the 
said city council, to be carried into execution by the ap- 
pointment of health commissioners, or in such other manner 
as the health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such alterations 
as the legislature may from time to time adopt. ^ The 
mayor and aldermen of said city, and the said common ^J.y[ *[^^^"''^|- 
council shall as soon as conveniently may be, after their 
annual organization, meet together in convention, and elect 
some suitable and trustworthy person to be the treasurer ofcoyj,t' feasur- 
said city, who shall also be the county treasurer, f""^^ ^- ^- ^'*- 

XXVII. The citizens at their respective ward meet- °J^^/'^"^ °^ *^^ 
ings, to be held on the second Monday of December annu- }gq4' ^y^'A^^- 
ally, shall elect by ballot one person in each ward to be an^g^^°Pp'g'|,^J5"*'" 
overseer of the poor; and the persons thus chosen shall J^"^^'g^^°^^/°j"Q^®" 
together constitute the board of overseers for said city, and°"^-^ 

shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties, 
by law appertaining, at the time of the act of incorporation, 
to the overseers of the poor for the town of Boston, until 
the same shall be altered or qualified by the legislature.^ 

1 See Revised Statutes, c. 21, § 2, repealed by stat. 1847, c. 229. See 
also Stat. 1849, c. 211. 

2 As to the corporate power of the overseers of the poor of Boston, see 
Overseers of the Poor of Boston, v. Sears. (22 Pick. Rep. 122.) 

5 



34 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

School commit- XXVIII. The school committee of the city of Boston, 
(Adopted by^citi- stall consist of the mayor, of the president of the common 
me"c*ti'n-'r A nil co^ncil, End of twenty-four other persons, two of whom 
29, J835. gjjg^ii jjje chosen in each ward, and who shall be inhabitants 

Records ot re- ' 

mrns of votes of the wards in which they are chosen: said twenty-four 

Irom tlie wiirds, «' _ <^ 

April 29, 1S35.) membcrs to be chosen by the inhabitants at their annual 
election of municipal officers ; and said school committee 

1821, no, §19. shall have the care and superintendence of the public 
schools. 

^fdTb^oai^d^lfnd XXIX. All boards, and ^ officers, acting under the 
n^monf "^ P""^- authority of the said corporation, and entrusted with the 
J821, 110, § 20, expenditure of public money, shall be accountable therefor 
to the city council, in such manner as they may direct, 
and it shall be the duty of the city council to publish and 
distribute, annually, for the information of the citizens, a 
^at" ment"''"'"*^ particular statement of the receipts and expenditures of all 
public moneys, and a particular statement of all city prop- 
erty. 

Mayor may nom- XXX. In all cases in wliich appointments to office are 

mate certain om- ^ •■■ 

i82i' 110 « 21 directed to be made by the mayor and aldermen, the mayor 

shall have the exclusive power of nomination ; such nomina- 

„ , , . tion, however, beino; subject to be confirmed or rejected by 

Members of city 7 7 o d 

Council not eiigi- the board of aldermen : Provided. Jioivever, that no person 

ble to salaried ' » , . , . 

office. siiall be eligible to any office, the salary of which is payable 

out of the city treasury, who at the time of his appoint- 
ment shall be a member either of the board of aldermen or 
common council. 



Number of repre- XXXI. It shall bo the duty of the two branches of the 
general court, city couucil, in the mouth of October, in each year, after 
i83ij 38. ' ""' their annual organization, to meet in convention and deter- 
mine the number of representatives, which it may be ex- 
pedient for the corporation to send to the general court in 
such year, within its constitutional limits, and to publish 
such determination, which shall be conclusive ; and the 
number thus determined shall be specified in the warrant 
calling a meeting for the election of representatives ; and 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 35 

neither the major, nor any aldermen, or members of the H^'^^l-^^^^^l^lf 
common council, shall, at the same time, hold any other ^°J^''"' "®"' 
of&ce under the city government. 

XXXII. All city officers, after their election, shall be ciiarKe"their'du- 
held to discharge the duties to which they have been elect- standing remov- 
ed,|being residents of the ward at the time of their election, ^a^ 
notwithstanding their removal afterwards out of their ward(Aloi;led'b/city 
into any other ward of the city. Records, vol^ss, 

p. 400.) 

XXXIII. All elections for governor, lieutenant gover-^'ectionsofna- 

o ' ^ O tional and state 

nor, senators, representatives, representatives to congress, o^cere^^ ^^_^ 
and all other officers, who are to be chosen and voted for J^-^-s. Mi; e, 
by the people, shall be held at meetings of the citizens 
qualified to vote in such elections, in their respective 
wards, at the time fixed by law for those elections respect- 
ively. And at such meetings, all the votes given in, being 
collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the inspectors 
of elections, in each ward, it shall be the duty of the clerk 
of such ward to make a true record of the same, speci- 
fying therein the whole number of ballots given in, the 
name of each person voted for, and the number of votes for 
each, expressed in words at length. And a transcript of 
such record, certified by the warden, clerk, and a majority 
of the inspectors of elections in such ward, shall forthwith 
be transmitted or delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk 
of the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible 
abstract of them, as they are successively received, in the 
journals of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
in some other book kept for that purpose. And it shall be Examination 
the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together votes, 
within two days after every such election, and examine 
and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to make 
out a certificate of the result of such election, to be signed certificate, 
by the mayor and a majority of the aldermen, and also by 
the city clerk, which shall be transmitted, delivered or re- 
turned in the same manner as similar returns are by law 
directed to be made by the selectmen of towns ; and such 
certificates and returns shall have the same force and effect 



36 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

in all respects, as like returns of similar elections made hj 
vonf/for iovlnf- *^^® Selectmen of towns. At the election of governor, lieu- 
uantm'iltclrio tenant governor, and senators, it shall be the duty of the 
to shedH'si"^ "' major and aldermen to make and seal up separate lists of 
E. s. 5, § 1. persons voted for as governor, lieutenant governor, and 
senators of the commonwealth, with the number of votes for 
each person, written in words at length against his name. 
Votes for eiec- ^^^ ^^ transmit said lists to the secretary of the common- 
^^*°|"qP',''^'^'^®"'' wealth or to the sheriffs of their respective counties. The 
mutrd to^ th""^' ^^y°^' ^^^ aldermen shall, within three days next after the 
i84r%7''« 1 ^^J ^^ ^^J election of electors of president and vice presi- 
dent of the United States, held by virtue of the laws of 
this commonwealth, or of the United States, deliver, or 
cause to be delivered the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, 
to the sheriff of the county, and the said sheriff shall within 
four days after receiving said lists, transmit the same to 
the office of the secretary of the commonwealth, or the said 
mayor and aldermen may, and Avhen the office of sheriff is 
vacant, he or they shall themselves transmit the said lists 

Proceedings in ' " 

case lepresenta- to the Said officG withiu SBven davs after the election, and 

tives are not ^ " ^ ' 

chosen, all votos not SO transmitted shall be rejected. In all elec- 

tions for representatives to the general court, in case the 
whole number proposed to be elected shall not be chosen 
by a majority of the votes legally returned, the mayor and 
aldermen shall forthwith issue their warrant for a new elec- 
tion, and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
as are herein before directed, until the whole number shall 
be elected.' 

Mayor and alder- XXXIV. Prior to ovory elcctiou of City officers, or of 
lists of voters any officor Or officers uudcr the govomment of the United 
eCction!^'"^^ Statos Or of this commonwealth, it shall be the duty of said 
R. s! 3. ' "" ' mayor and aldermen to make out lists of all the citizens of 
each ward qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 

1 This section of the city charter contains also a provision for taking 
the sense of the town upon the question, whether the election for State 
and United States officers should be holden in general meeting; which 
question was decided by the inhabitants in the negative, at a meeting held 
Monday, March 4, 1822. See Boston Records, vol. 10, p. 457. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 37 

in which selectmen and assessors of towns are required to 
make out similar lists of voters, and for that purpose they 
shall have free access to the assessors' boobs and lists, and 
be entitled to the aid and assistance of all assessors, assist- 
ant assessors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of said mayor and aldermen to deliver such list 
of the voters in each ward, so prepared and corrected, to 
the clerk of said ward, to be used by the warden and in- 
spectors thereof at such election ; and no person shall be 
entitled to vote at such election, whose name is not borne on 
such list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in such inspectors to ai- 

i low no one to 

elections, it shall be the duty of the inspectors, in each vote whose 

' ./ i ^ name is not on 

ward, to take care that no person shall vote at such elec- ^^^ I'^t- 
tion, whose name is not so borne on the list of voters, and 
to cause a mark to be placed against the name of each 
voter on such list, at the time of giving in his vote. 

XXXV. It shall be the duty of all ward officers o^'mc'^'s a' rii'" 
authorized to preside and act at elections of city officers to mf^Tn, $ 3. 
attend and perform their respective duties, at the times and ^councu.'' clt"*^ 
places appointed for elections of any officers, whether ofpf406f^' ^'°'*^^' 
the United States, state, city, or wards, and to make and 

sign the regular returns of the same. 

XXXVI. General meetings of the citizens, qualified to f^TofthTdti- 
vote in city affairs, may from time to time be held to con- \l^fl no, ^ 25. 
suit upon the common good, to give instructions to their 
representatives, and to take all lawful measures to obtain a 

redress of any grievances, according to the right secured 
to the people by the constitution of this commonwealth. 
And such meetings shall and may be duly warned by the 
mayor and aldermen, upon the requisition of fifty qualified 
voters of said city. 



XXXVII. All warrants for the meetings of the citl- Sngfto L 
zens, for municipal purposes to be had either in general andlld^men?' 
meetings or in wards, shall be issued by the mayor and al--^®^^'^^"'^^*"" 
dermen, and shall be in such form, and shall be served, 
executed, and returned at such time, and in such manner 
as the city council may, by any by-law, direct and appoint. 



38 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



City of Boston to XXXVII. The citv of Boston shall continue to have 

have all the •11 

powers, &c. con- and cxercise all the powers and privileges, and be subiect 

ferret! by char- . ,,.,.,.. . 

ter, &c. to all the duties and habihties, mentioned m the act estab- 

R. S. 15, § 86. . . . . . 

lishing said citj of Boston, and in the several acts specially 
relating to said citj. 



SEAL OF THE CITY. 



An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 



Ordinance to es- 
tablish the city 
seal. Passed 
Jan. 2, 1823. 



Be it ordained by tlie Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, 
That the design hereto annexed, as sketched by John R. 
Penniman, giving a view of the city, be the device of the 
city seal ; that the motto be as follows, to wit, " Sicut 
patribus, sit Deus nobis ;" and that the inscription be as 
follows, to wit : " Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




LAWS OE THE COMMONWEALTH, 



PASSED SINCE THE 



eevisioj^ of the city oedinances. 



RECENT LAWS. 



STATUTES OF 1851. 

An Act to authorize Members of City Councils to hold other 

OjB&ces. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Cfeneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The mayor, any alderman, or any member of the 
common council, of any city in this Commonwealth, may, at the 
same time, hold any other office under the city government of such 
city to which he may be duly chosen : provided, that the same be 
not an office of emolument. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its passage, 
but shall be in force in those cities only, which shall adopt the same 
by a vote of their city councils. \_Approved, Ap)ril 24, 1851. 
Accepted hy City Council of Boston, June 16, 1861.] 



An Act concerning Constables. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Cfeneral Court assemhled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any constable, who shall have been duly appointed 
for any city or chosen for any town of this Commonwealth, and who 
shall have given bonds in the manner hereinafter set forth, may 
serve, within his own city or town, any writ, or other process, in 
any personal action, in which the damages shall not be laid at a 
greater sum than one hundred dollars, and also any process of re- 
plevin in which the subject matter shall not exceed in value one 
hundred dollars. 



RECENT LAWS. 41 

Sect. 2. JSTo constable shall be competent to serve any writ 
or execution, in any civil action, until he shall have given to the 
city or the inhabitants of the town, for which he may have been 
appointed or chosen, a bond with sureties, to the satisfaction of 
the mayor and aldermen of the city or the selectmen of the town, 
in a sum not less than five hundred dollars, with condition for the 
faithful performance of his duties, as constable, in the service of 
all civil processes which may be committed to him, and shall have 
caused the same, with the requisite approval certified thereon, to 
be filed in the office of the clerk of such city or town ; and it shall 
be the duty of the said clerk to note upon the bond the time when 
the same was so filed ; and the like proceedings and remedies 
may be had upon any such bond as are pi-ovided by an act, passed 
on the twenty-fourth day of February, in the year one thousand 
eight hundred and forty-five, requiring constables to give bonds in 
certain cases. 

Sect. 3. The election of all constables of towns shall here- 
after be by written ballots. [^Approved, April 30, 1851.] 



An Act to regulate the Measurement of Marble. 

J5e it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives , in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

. The mayor and aldermen of any city, or the selectmen of any 
town in this Commonwealth, may establish such ordinances or regu- 
lations, with suitable penalties, respecting the appointment of a 
surveyor, and the survey and admeasurement of marble of every 
description, either foreign or American, that shall be imported or 
brought into such city or town for sale, as they may from time to 
time deem expedient. \_Approved, April 30, 1851.] 



An Act in further addition to an Act for supplying the City of 
Boston with 'Pure Water. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

The control granted to the city of Boston over tide waters 
within the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth, by the third section 
of an act in addition to an act for supplying the city of Boston with 



42 RECENT LAWS. 

pure -water, passed on the first day of May, in the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and forty-nine, shall he restricted to the line 
now occupied by them for the purpose specified in the said third 
section. \_A'p]proved^ May 7, 1851.] 



An Act for the Appointment of Police Officers. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled^ and hy the authority of the same : 

The mayor and aldermen of the several cities, and the select- 
men of the several towns, in this Commonwealth, may, from time 
to time, appoint such police ofiicers for their respective cities and 
towns as they may judge necessary, with all or any of the powers 
of constables, except the power of serving and executing any civil 
process. And the said police officers shall hold their offices dur- 
ing the pleasure of the mayor and aldermen, and selectmen, by 
whom they are respectively appointed. l_Approved, 3Iay 15, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Vacancies in Ward Offices. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. At the first election held after a new division of 
wards, in any city in this Commonwealth, the respective ward offi- 
cers, chosen under the preceding organization, shall officiate in the 
same numerical ward for which they were chosen respectively, and 
shall continue to act there until others shall be chosen and qual- 
ified in their stead. 

Sect. 2. All officers chosen at any meeting called by the mayor 
and aldermen of any city, after such new division into wards, shall 
hold their offices until the next annual meeting, and until others 
shall be chosen and qualified in their stead. [Approved, May 15, 
1851.] 



EECENT LAWS. 



43 



An Act to authorize Cities and Towns to establish and maintain 
Public Libraries. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assemhled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Anj city or town of this Commonwealth is hereby 
authorized to establish and maintain a public library within the 
same with or without branches, for the use of the inhabitants 
thereof, and to provide suitable rooms therefor, under such regula- 
tions for the government of such library, as may from time to tim,e, 
be prescribed by the city council of such city, or the inhabitants 
of such town. 

Sect. 2. Any city or town may appropriate for the founda- 
tion and commencement of such hbrary, as aforesaid, a sum not 
exceeding one dollar for each of its ratable polls, in the year next 
preceding that in which such appropriation shall be made ; and 
may also appropriate, annually, for the maintenance and increase 
of such library, a sum not exceeding twenty-five cents for each 
of its ratable polls, in the year next preceding that in which such 
appropriation shall be made 

Sect. 3. Any city or town may receive, in its corporate ca- 
pacity, and hold and manage, any devise, bequest or donation, for 
the estabhshment, increase or maintenance of a public library 
within the same. [Approved, May 24, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Vacancies in School Committees. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Whenever vacancies occur in the school committee of any town 
or city in this Commonwealth, or when, from any cause, any mem- 
ber or members are unable to act, the remaining member or mem- 
bers of said committee, together with the selectmen of said town, 
or the mayor and aldermen of said city, shall have power to fill 
vacancies in said committee ; and the school return signed 
by a majority of the committee thus constituted shall be equally 
valid as if signed by a majority of the committee as originally 
chosen. \_Ap)p)roved, May 24, 1851.] 



44 RECENT LAWS. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establisli the Boston Lunatic 

Hospital. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Mej^resentatives, in 
Creneral Qourt assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The third section of the one hundred and thirty-first 
chapter of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and 
thirty^nine, being an act entitled " an Act to establish the Boston 
Lunatic Hospital," is so amended that the city council of the city 
of Boston shall have power to pass such ordinances as they may 
deem expedient for conducting, in a proper manner, the business 
of that institution, and for appointing such officers as in their opin- 
ion may be necessary. 

SsCT. 2. The second section of the said chapter is hereby re- 
pealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
lApproved, May 23, 1851.] 



STATUTES OF 1852. 

An Act in relation to the House of Correction in the County of 

Suffolk. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Beijresentatives in 
Creneral Court assembled^ and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The city council of the city of Boston may annually 
appoint, by concurrent vote of the two branches thereof, a suita- 
ble number of persons, not exceeding twelve, who shall be citi- 
zens of Boston, and a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business, to constitute the board of overseers 
of the house of correction for the county of Suffolk, who shall 
hold their office for one year, and until at least five persons, 
members of a new board, are appointed in their place ; and said 
city council may at any time fill any vacancies which may occur 
in said board. 

Sect. 2. So much of the eleventh section of the one hundred 
and forty-third chapter of the Revised Statutes as is inconsistent 
with this act is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect as soon as it may be ac- 
cepted by the city council of said city, by concurrent vote of the 
two branches thereof. [^Approved, April 20, 1852. Accepted 
hy City Oouncil, May 24, 1852.] 



RECENT LAWS. 45 



An Act concerning the duties of Assessors. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and House of Representatives in 
Cfeneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. That when any person shall hereafter give notice 
in writing to the assessors of any city or town in this Common- 
wealth, accompanied by satisfactory evidence that he was at 
the time of the last annual assessment of taxes in said city or 
town, an inhabitant thereof, and liable to pay a poll tax, and 
shall furnish, under oath, true lists of his polls and estate, both 
real and personal, not exempted from taxation, it shall be the 
duty of said assessors to assess such person for his poll and estate, 
if any estate he have, in the same manner they would have done 
if a list of his poll and estate had been duly given in to said 
assessors ; and the tax thus assessed against said person shall by 
said assessors be entered in the tax list of the collector of such 
city or town, and it shall be his duty to collect and pay over the 
same, at the time when and to the persons specified in the war- 
rant of the assessors ; Provided, the application aforesaid shall 
be made at least seven days prior to the day of any election. 

Sect. 2. This act shall not be construed so as to interfere in 
any manner with the provisions of the twenty-eighth section of 
the seventh chapter of the Ee vised Statutes. \_Approved, April 
30, 1852.] 



An Act to regulate the use of Steam Engines. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen of any city, and the se- 
lectmen of any town, or any person by them authorized, may, 
after notice to the parties interested, examine any steam engine 
in such city or town, and for that purpose may enter any house, 
shop, or building, and if, after such examination, it shall appear 
probable that the use of such engine is unsafe, they may issue a 
temporary order to suspend the use thereof, and then, after 
giving the parties interested, so far as they may be known, 
an opportunity to be heard, if they shall adjudge such steam en- 
gine unsafe or defective, or unfit to be used, they may pass a 
permanent order prohibiting the use thereof until it shall be ren- 
dered safe ; and if such steam engine shall be used after the pas- 



4G RECENT LAWS. 

sage of such temporary order until the final adjudication thereon, 
or after such final adjudication and order until it shall be ren- 
dered safe, contrary to either of such orders, and after notice 
thereof to the owner or person having charge thereof, such engine 
shall be deemed and taken to be a common nuisance, without any 
other proof thereof than its use. 

Sect. 2. Said mayor and aldermen and selectmen shall have 
the same power and authority to abate and remove any such 
steam engine, erected or used contrary to the foregoing provis- 
ions, as are given to the board of health in the tenth and eleventh 
sections of the twenty-first chapter of the Revised Statutes. 
[Approved, May 7, 1852.] 



An Act concerning Returns of Elections. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. It shall be the duty of the mayor and aldermen and 
the clerk of each city in the Commonwealth, to examine, as soon 
as may be after any election, the returns made by the returning 
officers of each ward in such city, of the results of the election in 
said ward ; and if any manifest error shall appear therein, in the 
form of the return, the mayor and aldermen shall forthwith give 
notice to said ward officers of the error or deficiency in the form 
of said return ; and it shall be the duty of said ward officers 
forthwith to make a new and additional return under oath, in con- 
formity to the truth in the case, which additional return, whether 
made upon such notice, or by the officers of any ward without such 
notice, shall be received by the mayor and aldermen or clerk of 
said city, at any time before the expiration of the day next pre- 
ceding the day on which, by law, they are required to make 
their returns, or to declare the results of said elections in said 
city ; and all the original and additional returns so made shall be 
examined by the mayor and aldermen, and shall be made part of 
their returns of the results of such election. And in counting 
the votes in any election, no returns shall be rejected where the 
whole number of votes given for any officer or representative 
voted for, and the whole number of votes given for each candi- 
date voted for, can be ascertained from such returns. 

Sect. 2. When returns of elections from any town are re- 
ceived at the office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, not 



KECENT LAWS. 47 

sealed up as by law required, tlie secretary shall fortliwitli give 
notice thereof to the returning officers of said town ; and upon 
the receipt of said notice, said returning officers shall make a copy 
of their record of the votes cast at said election, and shall make 
oath to the correctness of said copy ; and shall transmit the same 
to the said secretary, sealed up as is required by law m the case 
of the original returns. And if, upon the opening of said copy 
of the record by the governor and council, by the legislature, or 
by any person or persons duly authorized to open the returns 
and count the votes, the original return shall be found in substantial 
conformity with the copy of the record returned as aforesaid, 
then said original return shall not be rejected because of the in- 
formality before mentioned : Provided, that said coj3y of the re- 
cord shall have been received by the said secretary before the 
expiration of the day next preceding that on which, hj law, the 
returns of said election are to be opened, and the votes counted. 
lAppwved May 13, 1852.] 



An Act concerning the Attendance of Children at School. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of RepresentoMves, in 
G-eneral Court assembled^ and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Every person who shall have any child under his 
control between the ages of eight and fourteen years, shall send 
such child to some public school within the town or city in which 
he resides, during at least twelve weeks, if the public schools 
within such town or city shall be so long kept, in each and every 
year during which such child shall be under his control, six weeks 
of which shall be consecutive. 

Sect. 2. Every person who shall violate the provisions of the 
first section of this act shall forfeit, to the use of such town or 
city, a sum not exceeding twenty dollars, to be recovered by 
complaint or indictment. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the school committee in the 
several towns or cities to inquire into all cases of violation of the 
first section of this act, and to ascertain of the persons violating 
the same the reasons, if any, for such violation, and they shall 
report such cases, together with such reasons, if any, to the town 
or city, in their annual report ; but they shall not report any 
cases such as are provided for by the fourth section of this act. 

Sect. 4. If, upon inquiry by the school committee, it shall 
appear, or if, upon the trial of any complaint or indictment under 



48 RECENT LAWS. 

this act, it shall appear that such child has attended some school 
not in the town or city in which he resides, for the time required 
by this act, or has been otherwise furnished wdth the means of 
education for a like period of time, or has already acquired those 
branches of learning which are taught in common schools, or if it 
shall appear that his bodily or mental condition has been such as 
to prevent his attendance at school, or his acquisition of learning 
for such a period of time, or that the person having the control of 
such child is not able, by reason of poverty, to send such child to 
school, or to furnish him with the means of education, then such 
person shall be held not to have violated the provisions of this act. 
Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the treasurer of the town or 
city to prosecute all violations of this act. [J-j^j^rovec?, May 
18, 1852.] 



An Act further to guard against the Explosion of Steam Boilers. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. If any person or corporation shall manufacture, set 
up, or knowingly use, or cause to be used, in this Commonwealth, 
a steam boiler unprovided with the safety plug, as described in 
the first section of an act entitled " an act to prevent the explo- 
sion of steam boilers," passed in the year one thousand eight 
hundred and forty-nine, such person or corporation so offending 
shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars. 

Sect. 2. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act 
are hereby repealed. \_Ap2^roved, May 18, 1852.] 



An Act in relation to the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The board of aldermen of the City of Boston shall, 
commencing with the ensuing municipal year, consist of twelve 
persons ; and the legal voters of each ward shall be annually 
called V2wn to give in their votes for one person, being an inhab- 
itant of said ward, to he a member of said hoard of aldermen, 



RECENT LAWS. 49 

to he chosen in the same form and manner, and at the same time, 
as noiv provided hy law for the election of members of the com- 
mon council.^ 

Sect. 2. The legal voters of each ward of said city shall, 
commencing with the ensuing municipal year, he annually called 
upon to vote for two assistant assessors, ivho shall he inhabitants 
of said ward, and who shall he chosen in the same manner and 
form, and at the same time, as is provided in the foregoing section 
for the election of aldermen?- 

Sect. 3. Whenever the mayor and aldermen of the citj of 
Boston shall adjudge that the pubHc safety and convenience re- 
quire that any street, lane, or alley in the said city shall be laid 
out, altered, or discontinued, they shall make and record an esti- 
mate of the expense thereof, and if such estimate shall exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars, or if such estimate, with the 
estimates of any previous alteration or discontinuance of any part 
of such street, lane or alley, during the municipal year, shall ex- 
ceed the sum of five thousand dollars, the order for such laying 
out, alteration, or discontinuance, together with an estimate 
of the expense thereof, shall be sent to the common council for its 
concurrence or rejection ; and such order shall not take efiect or 
be in force until the common council shall concur therein.^ 

Sect. 4. No erection, alteration, or repair of any court house, 
jail, house of correction, fire-proof ofiice, or any other building, 
for the purposes of the county of Suffolk, shall be made by the 
mayor and aldermen of the said city, except as herein provided, 
to wit : whenever the mayor and aldermen shall by vote declare 
that such erection, alteration, or repair is necessary or expedient, 
they shall make and record an estimate of the expense thereof, 
and if such estimate shall exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, 
a copy of the said vote and estimate shall be sent to the common 
council for its concurrence, rejection or amendment ; and all acts 
or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are repealed.^ 

Sect. 5. The first four sections of this act shall not go into 
efiect unless they be approved by a majority of the legal voters of 
the city of Boston, voting thereon severally by yea and nay bal- 
lot, in their respective wards, at the annual election of state ofii- 
cers in November next ; and the mayor and aldermen of the said 
city shall insert in the warrant, for the aforesaid election, an 
article submitting the aforesaid question to the decision of the 
said legal voters of the city of Boston. [Approved, May 20, 
1852.] 



1 Rejected by the citizens. ^ Accepted by the citizens. 

7 



50 EECENT LAWS. 



An Act in addition to "An Act concerning Truant Children 
and Absentees from Schools." 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assemhled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any minor between the ages of six and fifteen years, 
convicted under the provisions of an act entitled "an act con- 
cerning truant children and absentees from school," passed in 
the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, of being an hab- 
itual truant, or of not attending school, or of being without any 
regular and lawful occupation, or growing up in ignorance, may, 
at the discretion of the justice of the peace or judicial officer 
having jurisdiction of the case, instead of the fine mentioned in 
the first section of said act, be committed to any such institution 
of instruction, house of reformation, or suitable situation, as may 
be provided for the purpose under the authority given in said 
first section, for such time as such justice or judicial officer may 
determine, not exceeding one year. 

Sect. 2. Any minor convicted of either of said offences, and 
sentenced to pay a fine as provided in the first section of the act 
to which this is in addition, may, in default of payment thereof, 
be committed to said institution of instruction, house of reforma- 
tion, or suitable situation provided as aforesaid, or to the coun- 
ty jail, as provided in case of non-payment of other fines. And 
upon proof that said minor is unable to pay said fine, and has no 
parent, guardian, or person chargeable with his support, able to 
pay the same, he may be discharged by said justice or judicial 
officer, whenever he shall see fit. 

Sect, 3. If any person so convicted be not discharged as 
aforesaid, he shall be discharged according to the provisions of the 
third section of the one hundred and forty-fifth chapter of the 
Revised Statutes. 

Sect. 4. The powers of the justice of the peace or judicial 
officer, under this act and the act to which this is in addition, in 
all unfinished cases shall continue under any reappointment to the 
same office, provided there be no interval between the expiration 
and reappointment to said office. 

Sect. 5. The third section of the act entitled " an act con- 
cerning truant children and absentees from school," passed in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, is hereby repealed. 
^Approved, May 20, 1852.] 



BECENT LAWS. 51 



An Act to change the Time of assessing Taxes in the City 

of Boston. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Any person who shall have his residence in the city of Boston 
on the first day of January, shall, on the first day of May follow- 
ing, be taxed in that city, notwithstanding he may have removed 
therefrom before the first day of May ; and no person so taxed 
shall be liable to assessment for his personal property in any other 
city or town on the first of May in the same year. \Approved, 
May 20, 1852.] 



An Act to provide for supplying the State Prison with Water. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The board of inspectors of the state prison are 
hereby authorized and empowered in order to supply the state 
prison with water, to lay beneath any of the public streets, roads, 
and highways, or other ways in the city of Charlestown, all such 
pipes as they may deem proper, in order to conduct the Cochitu- 
ate water to the said prison, from the main pipe belonging to the 
city of Boston which passes through the city of Charlestown. 

Sect. 2. The said board of inspectors is hereby empowered to 
enter upon and dig up any such streets, roads, highways, or other 
ways, for the purpose of laying down pipes beneath the surface 
thereof, and for maintaining and repairing the same, and, in gen- 
eral, may do any other acts and things, necessary or convenient 
and proper, in order to accomplish the objects set forth in this 
act ; and for the purposes aforesaid, or any of them, they may 
employ any and all such agents under them as they shall deem 
expedient ; and they shall well and sufficiently repair all such 
streets, roads, highways, or other ways as may be so entered upon 
and dug up by them ; and they shall repair all drains and sewers, 
either public or private, which they may disturb, to the reasona- 
ble satisfaction of all parties interested. 

Sect. 3. Any person who shall unlawfully hinder, obstruct, 



52 EECENT LAWS. 

or impede the said board of inspectors, or any agent or agents 
employed by them in their doing and performing any of the things 
by this act authorized to be done, shall be taken and deemed to 
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be 
punished by imprisonment in the common jail not more than six 
months, or by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved, May 22, 1852.] 



ORDINANCES 

ADOPTED BY THE CITY COUNCIL SINCE THE PUBLICATION 
OE THE REVISED ORDINANCES, IN 1850. 



ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to "Water Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

That the following shall be the Rates to be charged annually, 
for the Water. 

Dwelling Souses. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes at 
^1,000 or any less sum, and occupied for one family 

only, _ _ $5.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, _ $3.50 7.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $3.00 9.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$1,000 and not over $2,000, and occupied by one 

family only, 6.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, _ $4.00 8.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

famUy, $3.33 10.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$2,000 and not over $3,000, and occupied by one 

family only, T.OO 

When "^ occupied by two families, for each 

family, _ $4.50 9.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $3.67 11.00 



ORDINANCES. 55 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$3,000 and not over $4,000, and occupied bj 
one family only, $8.00 

When occupied bj two families, for each 
family, $5.00 10.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $4.00 12.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$4,000 and not over $5,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 9.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $5.50 11.00 

When occupied by three famihes, for each 
family, $4.33 18.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$5,000 and not over $6,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 10.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, ^ _ $6.00 12.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $4.67 14.00 

Wlien valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$6,000 and not over $7,000 and occupied by one 
family only, 11.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $6.50 13.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $5,00 15.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$7,000 and not over $8,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 12.00 

When occupied by two famihes, for each 
family, _ $7.00 14.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $5.33 16.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
1 8,000 and not over $9,000, and occupied by one 
family only, 13.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $7.50 15.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $5.67 17.00 



56 ORDINANCES. 

Wlien valued for the assessment of taxes over 
^9,000 and not over $10,000, and occupied by one 

family only, ^ _ $14.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, _ $8.00 16.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $6.00 18.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$10,000 and not over $11,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 15.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, _ $8.50 IT.OO 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $6.33 19.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$11,000 and not over $12,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 16.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $9.00 18.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, ' $6.6T 20.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$12,000 and not over $13,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 17.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $9.50 19.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $7.00 21.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$13,000 and not over $14,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 18.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $10.00 20.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $7.33 22.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$14,000 and not over $15,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 19.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $10.50 21.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $7.07 23.00 



ORDINANCES. 57 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$15,000 and not over $16,000, and occupied by 

one family only, $20.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $11.00 22.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, $8.00 24.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$16,000 and not over $17,000, and occupied by 

one family only, 21.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 

family, $11.50 23.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 

family, • $8.33 25.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$17,000 and not over $18,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 22.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $12.00 24.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $8.67 26.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$18,000 and not over ^19,000, and occupied hj 
one family only, 23.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $12.50 25.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $9.00 27.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$19,000 and not over $20,000, and occupied by 
one family only, 24.00 

When occupied by two families, for each 
family, $13.00 26.00 

When occupied by three families, for each 
family, $9.33 28.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 
$20,000, from $25.00 to $30.00. 

When a house is occupied by more than three 
families, the charge will be the same as for three 
families. 



58 ORDINANCES. 



Hotels. 

Hotels, Taverns and Boarding Houses, (said 
Boarding Houses being valued for the assessment of 
taxes at over $10,000,) not including water for 
baths or for uses -without the house, will be charged 
for each bed for boarders and lodgers within the 
same, fLoO 

Provided, that in no case shall any Hotel, Tavern 
or Boarding House be charged less than if a private 
dwelling house. 

Stores. 

Por each tenement occupied as a warehouse, office, 
shop, or for purposes not included in any other clas- 
sification, and not requiring more than an ordinary 
supply of water, $5 to 25.00 

For each water closet more than one, supplied for 
the above, $5.00 additional. 

And for each urinal or wash hand-basin more than 
one, $2.50 additional. 

Stables. 

Private stables — including water for washing car- 
riages, 

And for each horse over two, 2.00 

Livery stables — including water for washing car- 
riages, for each horse, 2.00 
Omnibus stables, for each horse, 2.00 
Truckmen's stables, for each horse, 1.25 

Hose. 

For the right to attach a hose of not exceeding 
five-eighths of an inch orifice, for washing windows, 
sprinkling streets, washing carriages, or other pur- 
poses, in addition to the charge for other uses, not 
less than 3.00 

For the right to insert a pipe of not more than one 
inch diameter to be done at the expense of the taker, 
and to be used only in case of fire, in addition to the 
charge for other uses, 3.00 

Baths. 
Public Baths, for each tub, 5.00 



6.00 



ORDINANCES. 59 

Printing Offices. 
For each, printing office, according to the number 
of presses used, not including supplying of steam en- 
gine, |6 to 40.00 

Refectories. 
Confectioneries, eating houses, market and fish. 
stalls, provision shops, refreshment and oyster saloons, 
according to the amount of water used, |5.00 to 40.00 

Steam Engines. 
For stationary steam engines, working not over 
twelve hours per day, on each horse power, 6.00 

Railroad Corporations. 

For each locomotive engine in daily use, supplied 
for outward and inward trains, 150.00 

For each engine watering for outward trip only, 
once a day, 75.00 

For supply of passenger station for water closets, 
washing cars, and other uses at the station, not in- 
cluding watering the streets, 75.00 

Building Purposes. 
For each cask of lime or cement used, 5 cents. 

For large quantities of water to brewers, distillers 
and for other uses not specified under specific regula- 
tions for determining the quantity, when the estimated 
average quantity consumed is less than 500 gallons 
per day, for each 100 gallons of estimated daily con- 
sumption, 15.00 

When the quantity used is more than 500 gallons 
and less than 1,000 gallons per day, for each 100 
gallons of estimated daily consumption, 12.00 

When the quantity used is more than 1,000 gal- 
lons and less than 2,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, 10.00 

When the quantity used is more than 2,000 gal- 
lons and less than 10,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, 8.00 

For larger quantities required for specific purposes, 
the price shall be fixed by the Water Registrar, but 
in no case at less than one cent for one hundred 
gallons. 



60 OKDINANCES. 

Fountains. 

Fountains are onlj to be used at the discretion of 
the Cochituate Water Board, and will be charged 
upon the estimated average quantity used per day, 
for each 100 gallons daily consumption, $3.00 

When water is required for purposes, which are not specified 
in the above Tariff, the rate shall be fixed by the Cochituate 
Water Board. 

Provided, nevertheless, that in special cases, the Cochituate 
Water Board shall have authority to make such alterations in the 
foregoing rates, as, in their judgment, the mterests of the city 
may require. [Passed, Nov. 17, 1850.] 



An Ordraance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Water 

Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor., Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Whenever two or more dwelling houses or other estates shall 
be valued together for the assessment of taxes, and whenever a 
portion only of any estate is justly chargeable for any water rate, 
it shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under the direction 
and control of the Cochituate Water Board, to make a separate 
valuation of said dwelling houses, or other estates, and to make a 
proper valuation of such portion of any estate ; and the Water 
rates, provided by the ordinance to which this is in addition, shall 
apply to such valuations respectively. [Passed, Nov. 3, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to contracts with City Officers. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. No member of the city council, no member of any 
board, and no individual chosen by the city council, shall be in- 
terested in a private capacity, directly or indirectly, in any con- 
tract or agreement for labor or for any materials, goods, wares or 
merchandise furnished to the city, wherein the city is a party 



ORDINANCES. 61 

interested, unless the same be expressly authorized to be made 
and entered into with such member, bj some ordinance or order 
of the City Council. 

Sect. 2. All contracts, agreements, purchases and sales, made 
contrary to the preceding section, shall be utterly void, at the 
pleasure of the city council, and no bill against the city arising 
out of or connected with any such contract, agreement, purchase 
or sale, shall be approved by any committee, passed by the audi- 
tor, or paid by the treasurer, unless approved and allowed by ex- 
press vote of the city council. [^Passed, Dec. 23, I860.] 



An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and providing for 
Preventing and Extinguishing Fires. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Coimeil assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The fire department shall consist of a chief engineer, 
of nine other engineers, and of as many enginemen, hydrant-men, 
and hook and ladder men, to be divided into companies, as the 
number of engines and the number and quantity of other fire ap- 
paratus belonging to the city shall from time to time require. 

Sect. 2. There shall be chosen annually, by the city council, 
in the months of January or February, a chief engineer and nine 
other engineers, who shall hold their offices one year and until 
others are chosen in their places ; provided, however, that no as- 
sistant engineer shall hold over in case five of the new board are 
elected : and in all cases of holding over, preference shall be 
given to seniority of age. 

Sect. 3. The city council may, by a concurrent vote at any 
time, remove from office the chief engineer, or any of the other 
engineers ; and the mayor and aldermen may at any time discharge 
any or all of the officers or members of either of said companies. 

Sect. 4. Each engineer shall, upon his appointment, receive 
a written or printed certificate or warrant, in the words following, 
viz : " This certifies that A. B. is appointed an engineer, (or chief 
engineer) of the fire department of the city of Boston, and is en- 
titled to all the immunities belonging to said office. 

Given under my hand this day of A. D. 18 

Mayor. 
City Clerk." 

And the respective rank of the engineers shall be determined 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 6. The engineers, so chosen, shall meet and organize 
themselves into a board of engineers, a majority of whom shali 



62 OKDINANCES. 

form a quorum, and of whicli, in the absence of the chief engineer, 
the senior engineer present shall be presiding officer ; and they 
may appoint such secretary or other officers, and make such rules 
and regulations for their own government, as they may see fit, 
and such secretary shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may deem expedient. They shall be responsible for the 
discipline, good order, and proper conduct of the whole depart- 
ment, both officers and men, and for the care of all houses, en- 
gines, hose carriages, and other furniture and apparatus thereto 
belonging. They shall have the superintendence and control of 
all the engine and other houses used for the purposes of the fire 
department, and of all furniture and apparatus thereto belonging, 
and of the engines and all other fire apparatus belonging to the 
city, and over the officers and members of the several companies 
attached to the fire department, and over all persons present at 
fires, and they may make such rules and regulations for the bet- 
ter government, discipline and good order of the department, and 
for the extinguishment of fires, as they may from time to time, 
think expedient, the same not being repugnant to the laws of this 
commonwealth, or to any ordinance of the city, and being subject 
to the approbation of the mayor and aldermen. The assistant en- 
gineers shall report their absences from fires to the chief engineer, 
with the reasons therefor, who shall keep a record of the same, 
and make a report thereof, stating all the facts, to the city council, 
every year prior to the election of engineers. In the absence of 
the chief engineer the clerk shall make said record and report. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of said engineers, whenever a 
fire shall break out in the city, immediately to repair to the place 
of such fire, and to carry with them a suitable staff or badge of 
their office ; to take proper measures that the several engines and 
other apparatus be arranged in the most advantageous situations, 
and duly worked for the efiectual extinguishment of the fire ; to 
require and compel assistance from all persons, as well members 
of the fire department as others, in extinguishing the fire, remov- 
ing furniture, goods, or other merchandize, from any building on 
fire, or in danger thereof, and to appoint guards to secure the 
same : and also in pulling down or demolishing any house or 
building if occasion require, and further to suppress all tumults 
and disorders. It shall also be their duty to cause order to be 
preserved in going to, working at, or returning from fires, and at 
all other times when companies attached to the department are on 
duty. 

Sect. 7. Whenever any fire occurs in either of the adjoining 
towns, it shall be the duty of only such and so many of said engi- 
neers to repair to such towns, as shall have been previously desig- 
nated for such purpose by the board of engineers. 



ORDINANCES. 63 

Sect. 8. The chief engineer shall have the sole command 
at fires over all the other engineers, all members of the fire de- 
partment, and all other persons who may be present at fires, and 
shall direct all proper measures for the extinguishment of fires, 
protection of property, preservation of order, and observance of 
the laws, ordinances and regulations respecting fires ; and it shall 
be the duty of said chief engineer to examine into the condition 
of the engines and all other fire apparatus, and of the engine and 
other houses belonging to the city and used for the purposes of 
the fire department, and of the companies attached to the said 
department, as often as circumstances may render it expedient, 
or whenever directed so to do by the mayor and aldermen, or by 
the committee of the board of aldermen on the fire department, 
and annually to report the same to the mayor and aldermen, and 
offcener if thereunto requested ; also, to cause a full description 
of the same, together with the names of the officers and members 
of the fire department, to be published annually in such manner 
as the mayor and aldermen shall direct ; and whenever the en- 
gines or other fire apparatus, engine or other houses used by the 
fire department, require alterations, additions, or repairs, the 
chief engineer, under the direction of the board of aldermen or of 
the committee on the fire department shall cause the same to be 
made ; and it shall be moreover the duty of the chief engineer to 
receive and transmit to the board of aldermen all returns of offi- 
cers, members and fire apparatus, made by the respective compa- 
nies as hereinafter prescribed, and all other communications relat- 
ing to the afiairs of the fire department ; to keep fair and exact 
rolls of the respective companies, specifying the time of admission 
and discharge, and the age of each member ; to report in writing 
to the city clerk, who shall keep a record of the same, once in 
each year, or oftener if directed so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, all accidents by fire which may happen within the city, with 
the causes thereof as well as can be ascertained, and the number 
and description of the buildings destroyed or injured, together 
with the names of the owners or occupants. 

Sect. 9. In case of the absence of the chief engineer, the en- 
gineer next in rank who may be present, shall execute the duties 
of his office, with full powers. 

Sect. 10. As many engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder 
companies shall from time to time be formed by the mayor and 
aldermen, as they shall deem expedient, and each of said compa- 
nies shall consist of as many men as said mayor and aldermen 
may determine, who shall be appointed exclusively by them. 

Sect. 11. No person under twenty-one years of age shall be 
employed as a member of the fire department ; nor shall any per- 
son be so employed, who is not a citizen of the United States, and 
a, legal voter in the city of Boston. 



64 ORDINANCES. 

[Sect. 12. The terms of service for the memloers of the fire 
department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, and in the same company in which he enters, except in 
cases of sickness, death, or removal from the city, or who shall 
be removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit any and all compen- 
sation that would otherwise have been due to him at the time 
when such service ceased, or such removal took place.] 

[Sect. 13. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated by the 
members to the board of engineers ; and being by them approved, 
their names shall be sent to the board of mayor and aldermen for 
approval or rejection, and, in case of rejection, another person 
shall be nominated as aforesaid, before the next meeting of the 
mayor and aldermen ; and these officers when elected shall receive 
certificates of appointment signed by the mayor, and shall hold 
their places until removed, or until others are appointed in their 
stead.] 

Sect. 14. Whenever any person shall have received his cer- 
tificate of appointment to any office under this ordinance, he shall 
thereby be immediately invested with all the authority conferred, 
and subject to all the duties imposed by the laws, the city ordi- 
nances, and the rules and regulations of the fire department, until 
discharged therefrom, either by death or resignation, or by order 
of the mayor and aldermen or the board of engineers, as herein- 
after provided for ; and the vacancy occasioned by his discharge 
shall be filled, as soon as may be, in the manner herein prescribed. 

Sect. 15. It shall be the duty of the foremen to see that the 
several engines and apparatus committed to their care, and the 
several buildings in which the same are deposited, and all things in 
or belonging to the same, are kept neat, clean, and in order for 
immediate use ; it shall also be their duty to preserve order and 
discipline at all times in their respective companies, and require 
and enforce a strict compliance Avith the city ordinances, the rules 
and regulations of the department, and the orders of the engineers. 
They shall also keep or cause to be kept by the clerks of their 
respective companies, fair and exact rolls, specifying the time of 
admission, discharge and age of each member, and accounts of all 
city property intrusted to the care of the several members, and 
of all absences and tardiness among the same, in a book provided 
for that purpose by the city, which rolls or record books are always 
to be subject to the order of the board of engineers and the mayor 



Sections 12 and 13, in brackets, have been repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 65 

and aldermen. They shall also make or cause to be made to the 
chief engineer, true and accurate returns of all the members, with 
their ages, and the apparatus entrusted to their care, Avheneyer 
called upon so to do. 

Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of the officers and members of 
the several engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder companies, when- 
ever a fire shall break out in the city, to repair forthwith to their 
respective engines, hose, hook and ladder carriages, and other 
apparatus, and to convey them, in as orderly a manner as may be, 
to or near the place where the fire may be, in conformity with the 
direction of the chief or other engineers ; to exert themselves in 
the most orderly manner possible, in working and managing the 
said engines, hose, hooks and ladders, and other apparatus ; and 
in performing any duty that they may be called upon to do, by any 
engineer ; and upon permission of the chief or other engineer, 
shall in an orderly and quiet manner return said engines, hose, 
hook and ladder carriages, and other apparatus, to their respec- 
tive places of deposit. Provided, that in the absence of all the 
engineers such direction and permission may be given by their 
respective foremen. 

Sect. 17. Any officer or other member may be removed or 
dismissed from the fire department by a vote of the chief engineer 
and two thirds ©f the assistant engineers ; and said vote shall be 
final, unless in the case of officers, the same shall be reversed by 
the mayor and aldermen within fourteen days after it shall have 
been passed. 

Sect. 18. In all cases of removal from office by the engineers, 
the name of the party removed, with a statement of the reasons 
therefor, shall be entered on their records, and a copy of the same 
shall be transmitted to the board of mayor and aldermen, before 
their next regular meeting. 

Sect. 19. No officer, who may have been dismissed or re- 
moved from the fire department, shall be reinstated therein, unless 
by a vote of the chief engineer and two thirds of the assistant en- 
gineers, and, in such case, said vote shall not take effect until 
confirmed by the board of mayor and aldermen, and no member 
shall be reinstated except by a vote of three fourths of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 20. Every company shall have two or more suction hose 
men and three or more leading hose men, to be appointed by the 
foreman of such company, subject to the approval of the board of 
engineers, and they shall hold their places for six months, unless 
sooner removed by the said board. For the purposes of discharge 
and removal, suction and leading hose men shall be regarded as 
members and not as officers. 

Sect. 21. The steward shall hold his office in like manner for 

9 



QQ OKDINANCES. 

not less tlian six months. It shall be his duty to keep clean the 
house, the engine, hose, or other apparatus which may belong to 
the company, to clear the snow in winter from the sidewalk con- 
nected with the house, and generally to see that the engine and 
apparatus are ready for immediate use. 

Sect. 22. The engineers and members of the several compa- 
nies regularly appointed, shall wear such caps, badges, or insignia, 
as the mayor and aldermen shall from time to time direct, to be 
furnished at the expense of the city, and no other person or per- 
sons shall be permitted to wear the same, except under such 
restrictions and regulations as the mayor and aldermen may direct. 

Sect. 23. No uniform, unless such caps, badges, or insignia 
as are prescribed from time to time by the mayor and aldermen, 
shall be allowed to be worn on any occasion, as firemen, by either 
officers or men belonging to the department. 

Sect. 24. No company shall have power to appoint or dis- 
charge any officer or member. 

Sect. 25. No company shall leave the city, in case of fire in 
the neighboring towns, excepting by the express order of the chief 
engineer, or one of the assistant engineers ; and no company shall 
leave the city on an excursion, or appear in the streets, as firemen, 
except in case of an alarm of fire, unless by the express direction 
and permission of the City Council. 

Sect. 26. The lower story only of the engine, hydrant, and hook 
and ladder houses, shall be appropriated to the use of the depart- 
ment ; and no furniture or decorations shall be allowed, except 
such as is furnished by the city. 

Sect. 27. No associations, or organized societies, or clubs of 
firemen, as such, shall be allowed, except by the express permis- 
sion of the City Council. 

[Sect. 28. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of each company 
to enter in the roll book provided by the city, all absences and 
tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and to 
make a monthly return of the same to the board of engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in cases of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member, 
such sum not exceeding fifty cents, as the said board may order 
and determine. And if any officer or member shall have been ab- 
sent or tardy at more than one third of the fires, or alarms of fires, 
except in case of sickness, during the month, such absences or 
tardiness shall be considered good cause for his discharge from the 
department, if more than five.] 



Section 28, in brackets, repealed by subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 67 

Sect. 29. Any officer or member of the fire department who 
shall wilfully neglect or refuse to perform his duty, or shall bo 
guilty of disorderly conduct or disobedience to his superiors in 
office, shall for such offence, be dismissed from the department ; 
and any officer or member, who shall offend against any ordinance 
of the city relating to the fire department, shall, in addition to the 
liabihty of dismission, be liable to a penalty of not less than five, 
nor more than twenty dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 30. Every member and every officer of the fire depart- 
ment shall sign the following statement, to be deposited with the 
board of engineers. " I, A. B. having been appointed a member 
" of the Boston Fire Department, hereby signify my agreement to 
" abide by all the ordinances of the City Council, and the rules 
" and regulations of the Mayor and Aldermen, and the board of 
" engineers relating thereto." And any officer or member, Avho 
shall neglect or refuse to sign the same, shall not be entitled to 
any compensation whatsoever. 

Sect. 31. It shall be the duty of the chief engineer, or other 
engineers, to report to the mayor and aldermen, the name of every 
person not a member of either of said companies, who shall, con- 
trary to law, refuse or neglect to obey any orders of any engineer, 
given at any fire. 

Sect. 32. It shall be the duty of such of the constables or 
police officers of the city, as may be selected by the engineers for 
that service, to repair with their staves or such other badges of 
office as the mayor and aldermen shall direct, on the alarm of fire, 
immediately to the place where the fire may be, and there to use 
their best skill and power under the direction of the chief engineer, 
for the preservation of the public peace, and the prevention of 
theft and destruction of property, and the removal of all suspected 
persons ; for which service the constables or police officers shall 
receive such compensation as shall be in each case ordered by the 
mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 33. Immediately on the alarm of fire, during the night, 
it shall be the duty of the respective watchmen to give notice 
thereof within their respective districts, by springing their rattles, 
crying " fire," or ringing a bell, and mentioning the street or di- 
rection where it may be ; and if any watchman shall neglect so to 
do, he shall forfeit and pay two dollars, and if it shall happen that 
a chimney only shall be on fire, either by night or day, the bell 
shall not be rung, but only when a building is proclaimed to be on 
fire. 

Sect. 34. Whenever it shall be adjudged, at any fire, by any 
three or more of the engineers, of whom the chief engineer, if 
present, shall be one, to be necessary, in order to prevent the fur- 
ther spreading of the fire, to pull down or othervase demolish any 
building, the same may be done by their joint order. 



68 ORDIJiTANCES. 

Sect. 35. It shall be the duty of the chief and other enghieers 
to inquire for and examine into all shops and other places, where 
shavings or other such combustible materials may be collected and 
deposited, and at all times to be vigilant in taking care of the re- 
moval of the same, whenever in the opinion of any two of them, 
the same may be dangerous to the security of the city from fires, 
and to direct the tenant or occupant of said shops or other places, 
to remove the same ; and, in case of such tenant's or occupant's 
neglect or refusal so to do, to cause the same to be removed at the 
expense of such tenant or occupant, who shall in addition be liable 
to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars for such neglect or re- 
fusal ; and any person, who shall obstruct the engineers or any 
of them in carrying out the provisions of this section, shall also be 
liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars. It shall also be 
the duty of said engineers to take cognizance of, and to cause 
prosecution to be instituted in all cases of infraction of the laws 
relative to the erection of wooden buildings, or of any other laws 
or ordinances for the prevention of fire within the limits of the 
city. 

Sect. 36. The power of making and establishing rules and 
regulations for the transportation and keeping of gunpowder with- 
in the city of Boston, and of granting licenses for the keeping and 
sale thereof in the city, according to the provisions of an act en- 
titled " an act further regulating the storage, safe keeping, and 
transportation of gunpowder in the city of Boston," and of any 
other act or acts on the same subject, shall be exercised and per- 
formed by the chief and other engineers, and the power and duty 
of seizing any gunpowder kept or being within the city or harbor 
thereof contrary to the provisions of the said act or acts, shall be 
exercised and performed by the •said engineers or any of them ; 
and in case of any seizure being made, by any engineer other than 
the chief, he shall forthwith report to the chief engineer, who shall 
cause said gunpowder to be libelled and prosecuted in the manner 
prescribed in the said acts, and all the other powers and duties 
granted or enjoined in and by the said act or acts, shall be per- 
formed by the said chief or one of the other engineers. 

Sect. 37. All moneys received for fines, forfeitures and pen- 
alties, arising under this ordinance and the laws of this common- 
wealth, regulating the storage and transportation of gunpowder, 
the erection of buildings within the city of Boston, and the pre- 
vention and extinguishment of fire, unless by such laws otherwise 
specially provided, shall be paid into the treasury of the city, to 
be applied in such way as is provided in the acts of this common- 
wealth. 

Sect. 38. Every person, who shall have served according to 
law in the fire department for seven successive years, shall be en- 



ORDINANCES. 69 

titled to receive a certificate thereof, signed by the mayor of said 
city, and all persons, who shall receive said certificate as afore- 
said, shall be entitled to wear the badge of the department, and to 
do duty therein, when desired so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, under such organization and management as they may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 89. There shall be paid annually to each member of the 
department such sum as the city council may from time to time 
determine ; and in case of the temporary absence from the city of 
any member, for forty-eight hours or more, he shall provide a sub- 
stitute, to be approved by the foreman of his company, whose 
name he shall return to the clerk of the same, failing in which he 
shall forfeit one month's compensation, provided the same may be 
due him up to the time of such absence. 

Sect. 40. The members of the several companies shall not 
assemble in the houses entrusted to their care, except for the pur- 
pose of nominating officers, taking the engine or apparatus on an 
alarm of fire, and of returning the same to the house, and taking 
the necessary care of said apparatus after its return. 

Sect. 41. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first day of July next ; and an ordinance " establishing a fire de- 
partment and providing for preventing and extinguishing fires," 
passed June 4th, 1850, shall on said day expire, and be thereafter 
of no effect and void ; with the exception of the section thereof 
relating to the burning of chimneys, stove pipes or flues. And all 
officers and members of the Fire Department appointed under said 
ordinance shall on that day be removed therefrom, and shall be 
entitled to pay "pro rata to that time. \_Pa%8ed^ June 2, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hospital. 

J5g it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloivs : 

The Board of Visitors of the Boston Lunatic Hospital shall 
elect annually in the month of June, and whenever a vacancy 
may occur, some suitable Physician, as Superintendent of the 
said Hospital, who shall constantly reside at the same, and who 
shall also perform the duties of Physician to the House of Cor- 
rection, provided the Overseers of said House of Correction shall 
so elect; and they shall prescribe his duties. He shall be re- 
movable at their pleasure, and shall receive such compensation as 
the City Council may from time to time determine. 
[^Passed, June 19, 1851.] 



70 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance providing for the care 
and management of the Boston Water Works. 

Be it ordained hy the 3Iayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate Water Board shall have the like 
powers and perform the like duties in relation to the property, 
estates, rights and privileges of the Boston Aqueduct Corporation, 
now belonging to the City, which they have and perform in rela- 
tion to the Boston Water Works by virtue of the Ordinance, to 
■which this is in addition, passed October 31,1850, 

Sect. 2. The said Water Board shall also have power to 
adopt such lawful regulations, establish such Water rates, and 
make such agreements as they may deem expedient for the sale 
and delivery of the Water from Jamaica Pond to any persons in 
the City of Roxbury. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under 
the direction of the said Water Board, to assess the amounts to 
be paid according to the said rates or agreements, and to make 
out and distribute bills therefor, and to perform the like duties in 
relation to the same as he is now required to do in relation to the 
said Boston Water Works. \_Passed, SejJt. 29, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The second section of an Ordinance entitled "An Ordinance in 
addition to an ordinance for the regulation of Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket," passed on the thirtieth day of May in the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty, and being section numbered twenty on the one 
hundred and seventeenth page of the Revised Ordinances, is here- 
by repealed, and the seventh section of an ordinance for the re- 
gulation of said market, passed on the twenty-sixth day of Octo- 
ber in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, and being section 
seven on the one hundred and twelfth and one hundred and thir- 
teenth pages of the Revised Ordinances, is hereby revived and 
shall be in full force and eifect. [^Passed, Bee. 29, 1851.] 



ORDINANCES. Tl 



An Ordinance in relation to the Police. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follotvs : 

Sect. 1. The Police Officers appointed by the mayor and 
aldermen, according to law, shall receive such compensation as 
the city council may determine. 

Sect. 2. The mayor and aldermen shall annually, in the 
month of May or June, appoint one of said officers to be Chief of 
Police, who shall be removable at their pleasure, and who shall 
give satisfactory bonds in the sum of two thousand dollars, for the 
faithful performance of the duties of his office. 

Sect. 3. The said Chief of Police may appoint from said po- 
lice officers one or more deputies, subject to the approval of the 
mayor and aldermen, who may act for him in his absence by con- 
sent of the mayor. 

Sect. 4. The Chief of Pohce and his deputies shall , receive 
such compensation respectively as the city council may determine. 

Sect. 5. The Chief of Police shall have precedence and con- 
trol over constables and police officers, when engaged in the same 
service ; and shall have the general superintendence over police 
officers, and may establish such rules and regulations as he may 
deem expedient, subject at all times to the approval of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 6. The office of Chief of Police shall be open at all 
suitable times, under the direction of the mayor and aldermen, for 
the purpose of receiving complaints of the inhabitants respecting 
offences against the laws and ordinances, and he shall institute 
prosecutions in all proper cases, and shall attend to the trial of the 
same. 

Sect. 7. The said Chief of Police shall keep a correct re- 
cord of all the doings of his office, and shall make a regular 
report thereof to the city council, as often as once in three 
months, and at such other times as they shall require. 

Sect. 8. The said Chief of Police shall devote his whole time 
to the municipal affairs of the city of Boston, to preserve the 
peace, order and cleanliness thereof, and to this end he shall 
execute and enforce the special laws relating to the city, the 
orders of the city council, and the orders of the mayor and alder- 
men. 

Sect. 9. All and singular the duties now required by any 
ordinance of the city, or orders of the mayor and aldermen, to 
be performed by the city marshal, or his deputies, shall be per- 
formed by the Chief of Police and his deputies respectively. 



72 ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 10. Tlie said Chief of Police shall talce notice of all 
nuisances, impediments, and obstructions in the streets, lanes, 
alleys, courts, public places and squares of the city, and shall 
remove the same, or take all proper measures in relation thereto, 
according to law, under the direction of the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 11. An ordinance providing for the appointment of a 
city marshal, passed September 12, 1850, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, June 24, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Survey of Lumber. 

J3e it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Oommon Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

In all cases it shall be competent and lawful for the Surveyor 
General of Lumber to notify and direct his deputies in the survey 
of Lumber in rotation, or in such other order or manner as he 
shall deem expedient, anything in the Ordinances of the city to 
the contrary notwithstanding. Provided, however, that no deputy 
shall be allowed to survey for one person or firm more than forty 
days in any year ; and the Surveyor General shall keep a record 
of the time each deputy shall survey for any and all persons or 
firms, with the amount of fees received by each, which record 
shall at all times be open to the inspection of any member of the 
city council. \_Passed, July 12, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commoyi Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council asseyiibled, asfolloivs: 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen shall annually in the 
month of June or July, appoint a Superintendent of Faneuil Hall 
Market, who shall be removable at their pleasure, and shall re- 
ceive such compensation for his services as the City Council shall 
annually direct. 

Sect. 2. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market shall, 
whenever authorized by the mayor and aldermen, employ one or 
more deputies, who shall be approved by the mayor and alder- 



ORDINAXCES. T3 

men, and who shall have power and authority to assist the Super- 
intendent in the execution of his office, and on any occasion, when 
said Superintendent is not present, to officiate for him in his 
stead, and to perform his duties ; but no deputy shall remain in 
office longer than during the approbation of the mayor and alder- 
men, and the said Superintendent shall be responsible for the con- 
duct of each of his deputies, and such deputies shall receive such 
compensation for their services as the City Council shall annually 
direct. The mayor and aldermen may invest the Superintendent 
and his deputies with police powers. 

Sect. 3. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market and his 
deputies shall, under the control of the mayor and aldermen, have 
the care and superintendence of said market ; and it shall be 
their duty to preserve order in said market ; to execute and carry 
into effect all the regulations, orders and ordinances, which may 
be duly made and established from time to time by the City 
Council, or the mayor and aldermen, for the due regulation of the 
same ; and to keep open at all hours of every market day, after 
the hour of 8 o'clock, A. M., the south part of South Market 
street through the entire length of said street, to the width of 
thirty-five feet from the outside limits of the side-walk of said 
South Market street. This space shall be kept open and unob- 
structed for the passage of vehicles ; and it shall be the duty of 
the Superintendent and his deputies to enter and prosecute com- 
plaints for any violations of said regulations, orders and ordi- 
nances. 

Sect. 4. The limits of Faneuil Hall Market shall include the 
lower floor, porches and cellars of the building called Faneuil 
Hall Market, and the streets on each side thereof called North 
Market street and South Market street, except the northerly side- 
walk of North Market street, and the southerly sidewalk of South 
Market street ; and shall also include all those parts of Commer- 
cial street and the street lying between the Market building and 
Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said sidewalks 
extended easterly and westerly across said street. 

Sect. 5. The said Superintendent and his deputies, under the 
direction of the mayor and aldermen, shall have the control of all 
carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles and carriages, within the 
limits of Faneuil Hall Market, and may assign stands within the 
limits of the said market, for the sale of provisions and other 
articles ; and no person shall occupy any stand other than such 
as may be assigned him, or keep any cart, wagon, sleigh, or other 
vehicle or carriage, horse, or other beast, within the limits of said 
market, for any longer space of time, or shall range or locate 
them in any other manner or form, than such as may be directed 
by said Superintendent or either of his deputies ; and said Super- 



74 ORDINANCES. 

intendent and his deputies shall have power and authority to 
remove from phice to place "vvithin the limits, (if the owners or 
possessors thereof neglect or refuse after request so to remove 
them, or if the owner or possessor be absent therefrom,) all such 
carts, Avagons, sleighs, vehicles and carriages, with their contents 
remaining therein, and all horses and other beasts, as shall be 
ranged or formed in any other manner than as directed by said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, and the owner or person 
having charge of any cart, wagon, sleigh, other vehicles or car- 
riages, or any box, barrel, cask, crate, basket, package, tub, or 
other vessel, whether empty or not, occupying any place within 
the limits of said market, shall, when directed by said Superin- 
tendent or either of his deputies, remove the same with their 
contents, or cause the same with their contents to be removed 
without delay, (either Avithout the limits of said market or to 
such place within the same,) as the said Superintendent or either 
of his deputies may direct ; and in case of neglect or refusal so 
to do by such owner or possessor, or the absence of them so that 
the direction to remove cannot be given by said Superintendent or 
either of his deputies and immediately complied with, the owner 
or possessor thereof, besides being liable for the penalty herein- 
after mentioned for violation of this ordinance, shall be liable to 
pay the expense of such removal by the Superintendent or either 
of his deputies, and the keeping of the same, and shall not be 
entitled to re-delivery or possession of such property so removed 
by the Superintendent or either of his deputies, until the expen- 
ses of such removal and keeping are paid ; and if said expenses 
are not paid within twenty-four hours after such removal, so much 
of said property so removed may be sold at public auction, after 
being advertised for twenty-four hours, as may be necessary to 
produce the amount in money of said expenses of the removal and 
keeping, and the cost and charges of the sale and advertising 
thereof; and the residue of said property shall be subject to the 
disposal of the owner or person having charge thereof. 

Sect. 6. All horses and other beasts shall be taken from the 
carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles having provisions or 
articles of any kind for sale therein, and which shall stand within 
the limits aforesaid ; and the same shall be conducted to a stable 
or otherwise removed from said limits, by the owner or driver 
having charge of the same ; and it shall be lawful for the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, whenever he or either of 
them, shall find any cart, wagon, sleigh, vehicle or other carriage, 
or any ox, horse or other beast, standing or being within the said 
limits in a manner or in a place not authorized by law and by the 
ordinances of said city, and not permitted by the consent and 
direction of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, or 



ORDINANCES. 75 

abandoned and left unprotected, or found within the Hmits of the 
market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, to cause such 
cart, wagon, sleigh, vehicle or other carriage, with its contents 
therein, and such ox, horse or other beast, to be conducted to 
some stable or other suitable place ; and the owner or person 
having the care or keeping thereof shall be liable to pay, before 
the re-delivery thereof to him, the entire cost and expense of the 
removal and keeping thereof during the time it shall be in said 
stable, or other suitable place, together with such further sum of 
money to the City not exceeding two dollars, for the trouble aris- 
ing in that behalf, as the said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies shall demand, the same to be paid to, and accounted for 
by said Superintendent or his deputies to said City. 

Sect. 7. No person shall at any time, without the permission 
of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, occupy any 
stand within the limits of said market,. with cart, wagon, sleigh, 
vehicle, carriage, bench, box, basket, barrel, cask, crate, tub, or 
other vessel or otherwise, for the purpose of vending any articles 
within the limits of said market, unless he shall, before selling or 
offering for sale such articles, satisfy the Superintendent or either 
of his deputies, upon the rec{uest of either of them, by his own 
certificate or otherwise, that all the said articles, enumerating 
them, are the produce of his own farm or some farm not more 
distant than ten miles from his own dwelling house ; and every 
person occupying any such stand in any of the above mentioned 
manners, or with any of said carriages or vessels, contrary to the 
provisions of this ordinance, shall, when directed by the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, forthwith remove with- 
out the limits of said market, and cause his cart, or other car- 
riage, and all his boxes and other vessels, with their contents 
also, to be removed out of the limits of said market ; and if said 
certificate be false, the signer thereof shall forfeit and pay a 
penalty not exceeding twenty dollars, and also the said Superin- 
tendent and his deputies shall have power and authority to remove 
the same in the manner provided in the fifth and sixth sections of 
this ordinance, or either of them. The Superintendent or his 
deputies under the direction of the mayor and aldermen, may 
assign stands, allowing them to be taken the evening previous to 
any one market day, to those persons who come a distance greater 
than fifteen miles from Boston, with produce for the market. 

Sect. 8. When any person occupying any stand, in the 
streets within the limits of said market, shall employ any agent 
or servant to sell in said market any articles for him, or on his 
account, such servant or agent shall not sell any articles upon 
account of or for any other person than the person so employing 
Mm, nor shall any person occupying a stand as aforesaid, or his 



76 ORDINANCES. 

servant or agent, be permitted to purchase any provisions or other 
articles within the hmits of said market for the purpose of selhng 
the same therein again, or exposing the same therein for sale, or 
permitting any person to sell the same for him therein ; nor shall 
he be permitted to sell within said hmits, or expose for sale 
therein, any provisions or other articles for, or on account of, any 
person not entitled to a stand therein by the terms of this ordi- 
nance. 

Sect. 9. All the butter brought within the limits of said 
market for sale, shall be sold by weight, and if it is in lumps, 
each lump shall contain one or more even or integral pounds, 
half or quarter pounds, weight ; and the Superintendent and his 
deputies shall have power and authority to take and weigh all 
butter in lumps so exposed for sale in said market, and if found 
deficient in weight, to destroy the form of said lumps. 

Sect. 10. If any person shall, within the limits of said mar- 
ket, sell, or offer to sell, or exhibit for sale, any article which 
shall be deficient in the weight or measure for which he sells the 
same or offers or exhibits the same for sale, or shall practice any 
fraudulent dealing within said' limits, and shall be convicted thereof 
or shall be convicted of any breach of this ordinance, or either of 
the offences enumerated in it, he shall not be permitted to use or 
hire a stall, or have or occupy a stand within the limits of said 
market, either as principal, servant or agent, for the pvirpose of 
selling or offering for sale any articles in said market, for the 
term of one year from and after such conviction, unless specially 
authorized by the mayor and aldermen so to do, after such con- 
viction, and their knowledge of the same. 

Sect. 11. The several stalls in said market shall be leased to 
the respective occupants by written leases, the conditions of which 
shall be prescribed by the mayor and aldermen ; and the rent 
thereof, together with the rent of the cellars under said stalls, 
shall be paid to the said Superintendent of the market, or to such 
person as the mayor and aldermen shall appoint, and at such 
times as the mayor and aldermen shall determine ; and such les- 
sees shall not underlet the same, or any part of said stalls or 
cellars, nor permit the same or any part thereof, to be occupied 
by any other person without the assent of the mayor and alder- 
men, under the penalty of forfeiting the right to their respective 
cellars, stalls, and leases. 

Sect. 12. The said lessees shall not throw, or permit to be 
thrown, or to remain within the precincts of their respective 
stalls, any offal, animal substance, scrapings, or any kind of dirt, 
filth, useless or offensive matter, but shall forthwith remove the 
same or cause the same to be deposited in some tight vessel, to be 
approved of by the said Superintendent or either of his deputies, 



ORDINANCES. 77 

and to be removed by said lessee as the said Superintendent or 
either of his deputies shall direct. 

Sect. 13. No person shall throw or sweep any offal, animal 
or vegetable substance, scrapings or sweepings, damaged salt or 
pickle, or foul water, from the stalls or cellars into the passage- 
ways, or on the side-walks, or into the streets adjoining said 
market house, at any time during the day or night. Nor shall 
any person within the limits of said market sell, or offer to sell or 
expose for sale, or have in his possession, any meat, fish, bread, 
vegetables, tallow, skins, pelts, poultry, or other articles, which in 
the opinion of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, shall 
be diseased, corrupted, tainted or unwholesome ; but such person 
shall, when directed by said Superintendent or either of his depu- 
ties, forthwith remove all such articles from said limits to such 
suitable place as the said Superintendent or either of his deputies 
shall order ; and if such person shall refuse or neglect to comply 
with such direction, or if the owner or person having charge of 
such articles be absent for more than one hour's time, the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies shall forthwith remove 
the same, or cause the same to be removed from said limits to 
such suitable place as aforesaid, at the expense of such person ; 
and if in the judgment of said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies, it shall be necessary for the public health, it shall be 
their duty to destroy the same ; and if any person shall hinder, 
obstruct or molest said Superintendent or any of his deputies in 
the premises, he shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding twenty 
dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 14. When the lessee of any stall, or occupant of any 
cellar in said market house, shall from any cause whatever vacate 
the same, or shall receive notice from the mayor and aldermen to 
vacate the same, or shall neglect or refuse to pay his rent for the 
space of twenty-four hours, or shall neglect qr refuse to comply 
with any regulations established for the good order and cleanli- 
ness of the said market house, and its entries, passage-ways, side- 
walks and the streets adjoining said house, the stall or stalls and 
cellar of such lessee shall thereupon revert to the city, and be at 
the disposal of the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 15. No person shall, within the walls of Faneuil Hall 
Market House, or on the side-walks of the same, or within the 
aforesaid limits of the said market, play at apy game, or lie down 
or sleep, or behave in a disorderly, noisy, or riotous manner ; nor 
shall any person within the limits of said market smoke, or have 
in his possession any lighted pipe or segar. And it shall be the 
duty of the said Superintendent and his deputies to prevent idle 
and disorderly persons, itinerant peddlers, and transient persons 
selling newspapers, matches or other articles, or making outcries 



78 OEDINANCES. 

or noises, from frequenting or tarrying in said marlcet house or 
•within the hmits of said market, and to cause all such persons so 
oflFending to be removed and to be prosecuted. 

Sect. 16. No horse or other beast, and no cart, wagon, sleigh 
or other vehicle, shall be permitted to stand within the limits of 
said market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, nor shall 
any person continue to do any business within the limits of said 
market on any week day after the sunsetting of such day, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, nor on any evening after the closing of the market 
house ; and if any person shall place or leave any wagon, cart, 
sleigh or other vehicle, box, barrel, crate, cask, or other vessel, 
empty or otherwise, within the limits of said market on any part 
of the Lord's day or evening, or any week day after sunset, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, or on any evening after the closing of the market 
house, he shall forfeit a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars ; 
and the said Superintendent or either of his deputies may cause 
the same to be removed, in the manner provided in the fifth and 
sixth sections of this ordinance or either of them. 

Sect. 17. Lessees of stalls and occupants of stands shall not 
incumber the main passageway or cross passages within the said 
market house, nor the passageways outside of said house in front 
of the doorways and leading into the middle of the streets, nor 
any of the avenues leading to and from the said market, with any 
casks, barrels, meat, or other articles or incumbrances. 

Sect. 18. Any person may offer and sell, from house to house, 
in any of the public streets, lanes, alleys, or squares in the city 
from out of carts, wagons or sleighs, any meat, poultry, vegetables, 
fruit or other articles of provisions on all days when Faneuil Hall 
Market is open ; subject, however, to any order of the maj^or and 
aldermen respecting the standing of carriages in the streets, and 
to the ordinances regulating the sale of provisions and the throw- 
ing of offal into the streets. No person, unless duly authorized 
by the mayor and aldermen, shall place any stall, bench, box, 
basket, barrel, block or table, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, 
squares, or public places of the city, on which to exhibit any arti- 
cles of meat, poultry, vegetables, or other articles of provisions, 
for sale. 

Sect. 19. During the two days next preceding the annual 
Thanksgiving and Christmas, and during the evening market 
hours of the day preceding the annual Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas, any person may be allowed to retail within the limits of 
Faneuil Hall Market, any provisions of any kind, wherever ob- 
tained, either from cart, wagon, or other vehicle, or from any box, 
basket, barrel, bench or table, provided they shall occupy such 



ORDINANCES. 79 

stand, thus to retail and sell, as the Superintendent or either of 
his deputies may assign to them, and conforming to, and subject 
to the same regulations and penalties, as intended and expressed 
in the several sections of this ordinance. 

Sect. 20. Every person offending against any of the pro- 
visions of this ordinance, shall in addition to the penalties before 
prescribed, forfeit and pay a sum not less than two dollars, nor 
more than twenty dollars, to be recovered on complaint before the 
Police Court of the City of Boston ; but in no case shall all the 
penalties for one offence exceed the sum of twenty dollars. 

Sect. 21. The said Superintendent shall pay over all moneys 
by him received to the city treasurer, and shall make a quarterly 
report to the mayor and aldermen of all sums so received and 
paid over. 

Sect. 22. An Ordinance providing for the appointment of a 
Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market, passed October 14, 1833, 
and any other Ordinance inconsistent herewith, is hereby re- 
pealed. Provided, liowever, that the passage of this Ordinance 
shall not affect any act done or any right accruing or accrued, or 
established, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any 
civil case, nor any offence committed, nor any penalty or forfeiture 
incurred, nor any suit or prosecution pending for any offence 
committed, or for the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture in- 
curred under any of said Ordinances hereby repealed ; and all 
persons who hold any office under said Ordinance shall continue 
to hold the same according to the tenor thereof, and no Ordinance 
which has heretofore been repealed, shall be revived by the repeal 
before mentioned. [Passed, September 9, 1852.] 



An Ordinance to establish the office of Messenger to the City 

Council. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as folloivs : 

Sect. 1. There shall be annually chosen in the month of 
April or May, by concurrent vote of both branches of the city 
council, a Messenger to the city council, who shall hold his office 
for one year and until another is chosen in his place, subject to 
removal at any time by the city council. 

Sect. 2. The said officer shall devote his whole time to the 
service of the city, and shall attend all meetings of the mayor 



80 ORDINANCES. 

and aldermen and of the common council and of the grammar 
and primary school committees. He shall have the general care 
and custody of the City Hall and of the various apartments 
thereof. He shall wait upon all committees and boards when in 
session at the Citj Hall, and, in general, shall perform all services 
required by the mayor, by either branch of the city council, or by 
such committees or boards. 

Sect. 3. The said officer shall appoint an assistant, subject to 
the approval of the city council, who shall hold his office one year 
unless sooner removed by him or by the city council. 

Sect. 4. The said Messenger and his assistant shall receive 
such compensation as the city council may from time to time 
determine. [^Passed, Oct. 14, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Public Library. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
January, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city 
council, one member of the board of mayor and aldermen, one 
member of the common council, and five citizens at large, to con- 
stitute a Board of Trustees for the Public Library, who shall hold 
their offices until others are chosen in their places, and any 
"vacancy in said board shall be filled immediately, as aforesaid. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet and organise 
themselves into a board by the choice of one of their number as 
President, and they may make such rules and regulations for 
their own government and in relation to subordinate officers by 
them appointed, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The said Trustees shall have the general care and 
control of the Public Library and of the expenditure of all 
moneys appropriated therefor ; they may make such rules and 
regulations in relation to the same and may appoint such subordi- 
nate officers, as they may consider necessary and expedient, and 
may fix their compensation, provided that the same shall not ex- 
ceed in the whole, the sum appropriated therefor by the city 
council. But the provisions mentioned in this section shall at all 
times be subject to any limitations or restrictions by the city 
council. 

Sect. 4. The said Trustees on or before the 15th of Novem- 



ORDINANCES. 



81 



ber annually shall present to the city council a report, containing 
a statement of the condition of the Library, the number of books 
that have been added during the past year, with an account of all 
receipts and expenditures, together with such information or sug- 
gestions as they may deem important, and they shalbat the same 
time transmit to the city council the annual report of the exami- 
nation of the Library hereinafter mentioned. 

Sect. 5. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
October, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by concurrent vote of 
the two branches of the city council, a Librarian for the City 
Library, who shall be a citizen of Boston, and who shall hold his 
office until a successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall 
be removable at the pleasure of the city council, and shall receive 
such compensation as the council may determine. 

Sect. 6. The Librarian shall have the immediate care and 
custody of the Public Library ; he shall perform any and all of 
the services in relation to the same, and shall obey all rules that 
may be prescribed by the said Trustees, and he shall act as their 
secretary, and shall keep full and accurate records of all their 
doings as a board. 

Sect. T. The Trustees shall annually appoint a committee of 
five citizens at large, who, together with a Trustee as chairman, 
shall examine the Library and make report of its condition to the 
Trustees. 

Sect. 8. No payment of money shall be made on account of 
the Library, except by order of the board and in pursuance of a 
warrant signed by the President. 

Sect. 9. A letter of acknowledgment signed by the Presi- 
dent, and countersigned by the Librarian, shall be promptly 
returned to each person making a donation to the Library. 

Sect. 10. In prescribing the regulations relative to the care 
and use of the books, it shall be the duty of the Trustees to 
adopt such measures as shall extend the benefits of the institution 
as widely as practicable throughout the community. 
[Fassed, Oct. 14, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Dogs. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The fee for a ficense, which is required to be paid to the City 
11 



82 ORDINANCES. 

Clerk bj the second section of an Ordinance restraining the going 
at large of dogs ^vithin the city of Boston, passed June 4, 1850, 
shall hereafter be paid to the Chief of Police, and all acts required 
bj said Ordinance to be done by the City Clerk, shall hereafter be 
performed by the said Chief of Police. [Passed, Dec. 20, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Water 

Kates. 

Be it ordained ly the Mayor, Aldermen and Oommon Council 

of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate Water Board is hereby authorized 
to ascertain by meters or otherwise, the quantity of water used in 
any case, and to establish the water rate to be paid therefor. 
Provided, that the said water rate shall in no case be less than 
the price now directed to be paid for large quantities of water for 
uses not specified under specific regulations for determining the 
quantity. 

Sect. 2. So much of the ordinance to which this is in addi- 
tion as is inconsistent herewith is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, Bee. 23, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an " Ordinance in relation to the 
Common, the Public Squares, and Public Fountains of the 
City," passed May 13, 1850. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. No person, except by permission of the mayor and 
aldermen, shall climb, break, peel, cut, deface, either by posting 
up bills of any description or otherwise, remove, injure, or destroy, 
any of the Trees growing, or which shall hereafter be planted on 
the Common, or either of the Malls adjoining the Common, or on 
the Couimon Lands of the city, or in any street, or public place 
of the city ; and no person shall in any way fasten any horse or 
other aninial to any of said trees, or allow any horse or other 



ORDINANCES. 83 

animal owned by Mm, or under his control, to stand so near to the 
same that thej may be gnawed or otherwise injured bj any horse 
or other animal so fastened, or permitted to stand. 

Sect. 2. Any person who shall oifend against any of the pro- 
visions of this Ordinance, shall be liable to the penalty prescribed 
in the Ordinance to which this is in addition. 

Sect. 3. The fifth section of "An Ordinance in relation to 
the Common, the Public Squares and Public Fountains of the 
City, passed May 13, 1850," is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, Deo. 27, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the weighing and marking of Lighters 
and other vessels employed in the transportation of certain 
articles. 

Be it ordained ly the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloivs : 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
March or April, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the 
City Council, one or more weighers and one or more inspectors of 
Lighters and other vessels employed in the transportation of 
stones, gravel, sand or other ballast, who shall hold their offices 
one year and until others are chosen in their places. They shall 
severally have power to appoint one or more assistants subiect to 
the approval of the City Council, and shall be removable at the 
pleasure of the City Council. 

Sect. 2. Lighters and other vessels employed in the trans- 
portation of stones, gravel or sand, or other ballast, shall be 
marked on the stern and stem post with a good and sufiicient iron 
bolt, driven through said stem and stern post and clinched. From 
the centre of the head of said bolt, all other marks shall take 
their distance in feet, inches and parts of inches, as the distance 
may require, from the centre of the head of the said stationary 
bolts to the lower edge of the other marks, which marks shall be 
as follow^s, namely, light water marks not less than four inches in 
length and one inch and a half in breadth ; and every four tons 
above said light water marks, legibly cut or cast in figures of 4, 8, 
12, 16, 20 and so forth, up to the full capacity of the Lighter or 
vessel, and said figures shall express the weight which such vessel 
is capable of carrying, when the lower part of the respective 
numbers aforesaid shall touch the water, and shall be fastened on 



84 ORDINANCES. 

the stern and stem post of each Lighter or vessel with sufficient 
nails nob less than one inch in length ; and other marks shall be 
set on the stern and stem post of every Lighter or vessel between 
every two marks, that the tonnage of the same may be distin- 
guished by a regular progression of two tons. 

Sect. 3. Every such Weigher shall furnish all the requisite 
marks and nails, when thereto requested, and shall cause all such 
Lighters and other vessels to be weighed and marked in conform- 
ity with the provisions of the preceding section : and during the 
time of so weighing and marking, all the persons on board of such 
lighter or vessel shall be stationed between the bulk head and the 
fore chains thereof. The weigher shall keep a correct account of 
the distance of each mark from the centre of the head of the 
stationary bolts in feet, inches and parts of inches, in a book to be 
kept for that purpose, and shall give a certificate thereof, express- 
ing the distances as aforesaid, to the master of every such Lighter 
or vessel weighed and marked as aforesaid. 

Sect. 4. In taking the tonnage of every such Lighter or 
vessel, a deduction may be made, after such vessel shall have dis- 
charged its loading, of two tons for every ton the light water 
marks may be under water. 

Sect. 5. Every person, on board of any Lighter or vessel 
"who shall not keep within the bounds of the bulk head and fore 
chains during the time of taking her marks, unless in case of ab- 
solute necessity, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding twenty dollars 
for every offence. 

Sect. 6. In any case of the sale, by weight, of stones, 
gravel, sand, or other ballast, to be delivered at any place in the 
city of Boston, or into any vessel in the harbor of said city, it 
shall be the duty of one of said inspectors to go on board of the 
lighter or other vessel containing the same, upon application by 
either the purchaser or seller thereof, and inspect the marks, be- 
fore and after the delivery of such stones, gravel, sand, or other 
ballast, and the persons having charge of such lighter or other 
vessel shall, before such delivery, trim the same so as to make the 
same swim, at equal marks, at the stem and stern, and shall pump 
all the water out ; and if any person shall hinder any inspector 
from going on board such lighter or other vessel, or shall begin to 
deliver from any lighter or vessel the stones, gravel, sand, or other 
ballast sold by weight, before such lighter or other vessel shall be 
trimmed to swim at equal marks, and the Avater pumped out, he 
shall forfeit one hundred dollars for every such offence. 

Sect. 7. Every person who shall deliver stones, gravel, sand, 
or other ballast sold by weight when the inspection of the same 
^hall have been demanded as is provided in the preceding section, 
or when an inspection of the same is required by this ordinance, 



ORDINANCES. 85 

from any lighter or other vessel which shall not have been 
■weighed, marked and inspected as aforesaid, or shall alter or 
counterfeit the marks or certificate of any lighter or other vessel 
as aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding three hundred dol- 
lars for every offence. 

Sect. 8. Every weigher appointed as aforesaid, shall be en- 
titled to receive, from the owner or master of each lighter or 
other vessel weighed and marked as aforesaid, the following fees, 
to wit : fifteen cents for every ton of such vessel, and three dol- 
lars for furnishing marks, nails and bolts, and other necessary 
articles, and fastening the same ; and for giving the certificate, as 
before provided, he shall receive one dollar and fifty cents. 

Sect. 9. It shall be the duty of the inspectors to give a cer- 
tificate, in such form as is hereinafter provided, to the owner or 
vender of all the stones, sand, gravel, or other ballast inspected 
under the jorovisions of this ordinance, and to keep an account of 
all articles inspected in a book, which shall always be kept open 
to the inspection of owners, venders or purchasers of stone, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast sold by weight. 

Sect. 10. The accounts to be kept by said inspector, and the 
certificates to be given to the owners or venders of stones, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast, as described in the preceding sections, 
shall specify the name of the vender, the kind of ballast, sand, or 
gravel, or other stone, the weight and the deduction of light water 
marks, the amount of fees received, and the date of the certifi- 
cate. 

Sect. 11. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast, shall be three cents for every ton in- 
spected, which shall in all cases be paid by the vender of the 
same. 

Sect. 12. The inspectors appointed as aforesaid, shall keep 
an office, and keep the same open, from sunrise to sunset, with 
liberty to close the same from seven to eight o'clock in the fore- 
noon, during the months of April, May, June, July, August, and 
September, and from eight to nine o'clock during the other six 
months, and from one to two o'clock in the afternoon through the 
whole year: Sundays, PubHc Fasts, Thanksgivings, and the 
anniversary of American Independence excepted. 

Sect. 13. Every owner or master of any such vessel, who 
shall neglect to have the same weighed, marked and examined ac- 
cording to the provisions of this ordinance, or who shall remove 
any marks, or alter his certificate, shall forfeit a sum not exceed- 
ing three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 14. Every such weigher, who shall be guilty of placing 
any such mark contrary to the provisions of this ordinance, or 
who shall give a false certificate, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding 
three hundred dollars for every offence. 



86 ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 15. The Master of any Lighter or vessel that has 
stones, sand, gravel, or other ballast for sale shall, on arrival, re- 
port himself to the office of the Inspector, and shall produce for 
examination the certificate of marks and measurements of his 
vessel whenever the same shall be demanded by the Inspector, 
and in case of neglect or refusal to comply with either of said 
provisions he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding twenty dollars. 

Sect. 16. This Ordinance shall take ejQfect immediately on its 
passage, and the officers herein mentioned, may be chosen forth- 
with. 

Sect. 17. No officer or agent of the City of Boston shall 
purchase any stones, gravel, sand or other ballast for said City, or 
make any contract therefor, or accept the dehvery of the same, 
unless the same shall have been weighed and inspected according 
to the provisions of this Ordinance, and a certificate thereof given 
as is herein before provided, and no bill against the city, arising 
out of, or connected with any such purchase, shall be approved or 
allowed by any committee, passed by the auditor, or paid by the 
treasurer, unless the said certificate shall accompany the bill for 
the same. [Passed, Dec. 27,1852.'] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to the Fire 
Department, passed June 2d, 1851. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloios : 

Sect. 1. The term of service for the members of the Fire 
Department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, except in cases of sickness, death, or removal from the 
City, or who shall be removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit 
any and all compensation that would otherwise have been due to 
him at the time when such service ceased, or such removal took 
place. 

Sect. 2. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated annually 
in the month of January by the members to the Board of Engi- 
neers ; and being by them approved, their names shall be sent to 
the board of mayor and aldermen for approval or rejection, and 
in case of rejection, another person shall be nominated as afore- 



ORDINANCES. 87 

said before the next meeting of the mayor and aldermen ; and 
these officers, when elected, shall receive certificates of appoint- 
ment, signed by the mayor, and shall hold their places until re- 
moved, or others are appointed in their stead. 

Sect. 3. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of each com- 
pany to enter in the roll book provided by the City, all absence 
and tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and 
to make a monthly return of the same to the Board of Engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in case of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member 
the sum of twenty-five cents, which amount so deducted shall be 
paid over at the end of each month to the treasurer of the com- 
pany to which the member so fined shall belong, to meet the inci- 
dental expenses of the company. And if any officer or member 
shall have been absent or tardy at more than one third of the 
fires, or alarms of fires, except in case of sickness, during the 
month, such absence or tardiness shall be considered good cause 
for his discharge from the Department, if more than five. 

Sect. 5. The 12th, 13th and 28th sections of the Ordinance 
entitled "An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and pro- 
viding for preventing and extinguishing fires," passed on the sec- 
ond day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty- 
one, are hereby repealed. [^Passed, Deo. 31^ 1852.] 







3(^ Paul Adams 



BeniflEussfl 
HlDauielD.M)S|Elrja}L Steams 




HbiaceABreed *^ JamesMutteinorc 1 2 
JosephlDrew 



_5.TKJ%2x<f;- & C9^J,ith. 




GOVERNMENT 



1853. 



MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, Revere House. 

[Salary $4,000. Charter, $ 6.] 



ALDEEMEN, 



BENJAMIN JAMES, . 
SAMPSON REED, 
JACOB SLEEPER, 
THOMAS PHILLIPS RICH, 
ISAAC CARY, . . 
JAMES WHITING, 
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN WHITE, 
OLIVER FROST, . 



341 Broadway. 

7 Louisburgh square. 
53 Summer street. 
59 Beacon street. 
719 Washington street. 

56 Poplar street. 

162 Tremont street. 

9 Slieafe street. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 
Ward No. 1. 



Cyrus Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner, . 



Andrew Burnham,. . 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Benjamin F. Russell, 



212 Hanover street, 
114 Salem street, 

17 North Bennett street, 
218 Hanover street. 



Ward No. 2. 



98 Brooks street, 
76 Webster street, 
131 Webster street, 
75 Meridian street. 



East 

Boston. 



90 



Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Robj, . 
Mical Tubbs, . 
Charles Dupee, 

Henry J. Gardner, . 
John J. Rayner, 
Wilham F. Goodwin, 
Martin L. Hall, 



Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Roberts, , 
Israel C. Rice, 
Matthew Binney, 

Paul Adams, . 
Ezra Forristall, 
Francis B. Winter, , 
Henry F. Durant, 

Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, . 
Samuel Hatch, 
WiUiam Burrage, 

George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 



Peter C. Jones, 
Thacher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French, 



John F. Banister, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Samuel J, M. Homer, 
Joel Richards, 



Ward M.S. 

. 27 Pitts street, 
13 Leverett street. 
National House, 
27 Lyman place. 

Ward No. 4c. 

13 Mount Vernon street, 

3 Derne street, 
13 Allston street. 
Revere House. 



Ward No. 5. 



6j Lynde street, 
69 Lowell street, 
14 Allen street, 
9 Chambers street. 

Ward No. 6. 

46 Charles street, 
25 Southac street. 

Myrtle cor. W. Centre st. 
79 Mount Vernon street. 

Ward No. 7. 

42 Bedford street, 

18 Franklin place, 

16 Lincoln street, 

5 Bussey place. 

Ward No. 8. 

20 Rowe street, 
Winthrop House, 

29 Edinboro' street, 
Adams House. 

Ward No. 9. 

56 Warren street, 
. 348 Tremont street, 
46 Warren street, 
49 Pleasant street. 

Ward No. 10. 

3 Maple place, 
. 185 Harrison avenue, 
7 Burroughs place, 
HoUis street. 



91 



Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander H. liice, 
Stephen Tilton, Jr. 



Charles C. Conley, . 
Joshua Jenkms, 
William S. Thacher, 
James F. Whittemore, 



Ward No. 11. 

. 789 Washington street, 
55 Shawmut avenue, 
29 Dover street, 
[One vacancy.] 

Ward No. 12. 



193 Broadway, 
98 Broadway, 
233 Fourth street, 
106 Bolton street. 



South 
Boston. 



City Clerh, 

SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, Jr., 81 Pinckney street. 

Salary |1500, and for Assistant Clerks, $2500. [Chosen by the 
City Council on the first Monday in January. Charter, § 17.] 

Clerh of Common Council, 

WASHINGTON P. GEECa, 18 Leverett street. 

Salary |900. [Chosen on the first Monday in January. Char- 
ter, § 18.] 

Messenger, 

OLIYEE, H. SPURR, 61 Leverett street. 

Salary $800. 



92 



LIST OF COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 

ON REDUCTION OF CITY DEBT. 

[Ord.p. 121.] 

The Mayor, President of the Common Council, Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance on the part of the Common Council. 

ACCOUNTS. 
[Ord. p. 119.] 

Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Thomas Sprague, 
William S. Thacher. 



Aldermen. 
Thomas P. Rich, 
Isaac Cary. 



assessors' department. 



[Ord. p. 400.] 



Aldermen. 
Jacob Sleeper, 
James Whiting. 



Aldermen. 
Sampson Reed, 
Benjamin F. White. 



The Mayor ^ ex officio. 



Aldermen, 
Isaac Cary, 
Benjamin F. White. 



Common Council. 
Robert Cowdin, 
Matthew Binney, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 



CLAIMS. 
[Mun. Keg. p. 5.] 

Common Council. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Paul Adams. 

EINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 121.] 

Common Council. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Paul Adams, 
Martin L. Hall, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Charles Demond, 
Joseph L. Drew. 

FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 142.] 

Common Council. 
Ezra Forristall, 
Joseph D, Roberts, 
Henry D. Gardiner. 



93 



FIRE ALARMS. 
[Mun, Reg. p. 4.] 



Aldermen, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
James Whitinsr. 



Common Council. 
Peter C. Jones, 
Charles Dupee, 
John H. Thorndike. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 4.] 
The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Oliver Frost. 



Common Council. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
John J. Rayner, 
Dexter Roby, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Jonas H. French? 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin James, 
Oliver Frost. 



HARBOR. 

[Orel. p. 174.] 



Common Council. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
William S. Thacher. 



Aldermen. 
Sampson Reed, 
James Whiting, 
Thomas P. Rich. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin James, 
Thomas P. Rich, 
Isaac Gary. 



ORDINANCES. 

[Ord. p. 278.] 

Common Council. 
George W. Warren, 
Henry F. Durant, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Alexander H. Rice, 
Charles Demond. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 306.] 

Common Council. 
Joseph D. Roberts, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Francis B. Winter, 
Charles C. Conley, 
William F. Goodwin. 

PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 4.] 



Th& Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Sampson Reed, 
Thomas P. Rich. 



Common Council. 
President Common Council, 

ex officio, 
William Burrage, 
Charles A. Turner, 
Samuel J. M. Homer, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 



94 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Isaac Caiy, 
Benjamin James. 



Alderman. 
Thomas P. Rich. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Oliver Frost. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 
[Ord. p. 309.] 

Common Council. 
Paul Adams, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Thacher Beal, 
Stephen Tilton, Jr. 
James F. Whittemore. 

PRINTING. 
fOrd. p. 304.] 

Common Council. 
Israel C. Rice, 
Cyrus Buttrick. 

PUBLIC LIBKART. 
[Ord. p. 256.] 

Common Council. 
George W. Warren, 
Horace A. Breed, 
William S. Thacher, 
Martin L. Hall, 
Charles T. Woodman. 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
James Whiting. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
Benjamin F. White. 



[Ord. p. 124.] 



Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Joel Richards. 



"WATER. 
[Ord. p. 411.] 



Common Council. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Elijah Stearns, 
John J. Rayner, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Henry D. Gardiner. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 



Elijah Stearns, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Henry F. Durant, 



Pelham Bonney, 
John F. Banister, 
Ezra Forristall, 



ON ELECTIONS. 

[Mun. Keg. p. 14,] 

Benjamin F. Russell, 
Joseph L. Drew. 

ON STREETS. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 14.] 

Mical Tubbs, 
[One vacancy.] 



95 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF MAYOR 
AND ALDERMEN. 

WATCH AND POLICE. 

The Mayor. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen James, White, and "Whiting. 

-CEMETERIES. 

The Mayor, Aldermen Gary and Frost. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

The Mayor, Aldermen Rich and Whiting. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Whiting, Gary, and White. 

DRAINS AND SEWERS. 

Aldermen Sleeper, Frost, and James. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Gary, Rich, and Whiting. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Rich, James, and Gary. 

INTERNAL HEALTH, 

Aldermen Sleeper, Whiting, and White. 

LAMPS, BELLS, AND CLOCKS. 

Aldermen Gary, James, and Frost. 

LAYING OUT AND WIDENING STREETS. 

Aldermen Reed, James, and White. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Rich, Gary, and Whiting. 

JAIL. 

Aldermen White, Rich, and Whiting. 

MARKET. 

Aldermen Sleeper, Whiting, and Rich. 

PAVING AND REPAIRS OF STREETS. 

Aldermen Rich, James, and White. 

STEAM ENGINES, &C. 

Aldermen Frost, White, and Whiting. 



96 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Frederic U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector. Salary 
S3,000 ; and S4,500 for assistant clerks. [Chosen by the City 
Council in Convention, in May, City Charter, § 26.] 

DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



Moses Bass, 
Ephraim L. Eliot, 
Henry Nichols. 



James Pierce, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
James AV. Pierce, 
Edwin Rice, 

[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, § 1, 13. City 
Ordinances, p. 119.] 

Elisha Copeland, City Auditor — Salary $2,000, and S800 for clerk 
hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council in May. 
City Ordinances, p. 396.] 

assessors' department. 
Principal Assessors, 
George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, George Jackson, Henry Sargent. 
Salary $1,300 each; and $2,100 for Assistant Clerks. Per diem 
Assessors, William H. Lane, Benjamin Dodd, Billings Briggs, with 
an allowance of $4 for each day's service. [Charter, § 24.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1852, residing in different Wards. 



Ward. 
1— John B. Wells, 

Moses Miller. 
2 — John W. Young, 

Mark Googins- 
3 — Solomon Carter, 

Daniel P. Simpson. 
4 — William Denton, 

Jabez C. Howe. 
5 — Frederick Crosby, 

Benjamin Beal. 
6 — John G. Davis, 

Samuel T. Dana. 



Ward. 
7— Nathaniel Mitchell, 

Joseph W. Merriam. 
8 — Samuel Millard, 

Otis Rich. 
9 — Thacher Beal, 
Francis Bundy. 
10 — Henry Nichols, 

Fitzjames Price. 
11 — William Lincoln, 
Benjamin Smith. 
12— Timothy Bedlington, 
William B. Hardins;. 



Samuel Norwood, Secretary. 

[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by concurrent 
vote of the City Council, in March. Statutes 1821. 110, § 15. 
City Ordinances, p. 399. The Assistant Assessors receive $3 for 
each day's service.] 



CITY SOLICITOR. 

Peleg W. Chandler, City Solicitor, Office No. 4 Court Street. 
Salary $2,500, his office expenses and $200 for clerk hire. [Chosen 
by cojicurrent vote in June, City Ordinances, p. 360.] 



97 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 

The duties of Judge of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
are performed by the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, or 
some one of them. [Act 1843, ch. 7.] 

John C. Park, Attornei/. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 



SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

Henry Crocker, Sheriff and Jailor. 

Watson Freeman, 

Silas P. Tarbell, 

Daniel J. Coburn, 

Benjamin F. Bayley, 

Francis O. Irish, 

Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Jabez Pratt, William Andrews, Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, Erastus 
W. Sanborn, Jacob Herrick, Coroners. 

William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailor. 



> Deputies. 



POLICE COURT. 

John Gray Rogers, "^ Justices of the Police Court and of the Justices* 
Abel Cushing, V Court. Salary $1,500 each. [Rev. Stat. 

Thomas Russell, ) ch. 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary $1,800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 

William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1,100. [Rev. Stat. ch. 
87.] Sylvester Hunt, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary $700. 

Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court are the 
Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. Act 1843. 
Ch. 61, § 2. 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police Court, con- 
stitute the Board of Accounts for the County. [Revised Statutes, 
p. 164. Ord. p. 96] They are allowed $3 for each day's actual 
service in auditing the County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 

POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

GiVoQvil^nY^e, Chief of Police. Salary $1,800. [Appointed by the 
Mavor and Aldermen in May or June. City Ord. p. 272. Mun. 
Reg. p. 71.] 



98 



"William D. Eaton, First Police Deputy. Salary $1000. [City Ord. 
p. 272. Mun. Reg. p. 71.] 

Hezekiah Earl, Second Police Deputy. Salary S800. [Nominated 
by the Chief of Police, and approved by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
City Ord. p. 272. Mun. Keg. p. 71.] 

Robert Taylor, Superintendent of Coaches, Cabs, S^c. 

Luther A. Ham, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, ^c, 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 



DAT POLICE. 



Samuel G. Adams, 
John Bordman, 
Lemuel Chesley, 
Stephen Curtis, 
Daniel Dever, 
Amos Dodge, 
Alvin S. Drew, 
John M. Dunn, 
Cornelius P. V. Foster, 
Nathaniel K. Hammond, 
Charles B. Harlow, 
Simon B. Heustis, 
Thomas Hart, 
George A. Hay ward, 
Mark F. Hinckley, 
Samuel Hinkson, 
Galen Holmes, Jr. 
William E. Hough, 
Calvin Hutchins, 
James Jewett, 
James T. Joyce, 
John Keany, 
George M. King, 
Freeman Lane, 
Rufus Leighton, 
Harrison Marsh, 



Rufus C. Marsh, 
Timothy McCarty, 
Bernard McGinniskin, 
John O'Hare, 
George W. Oliver, 
John H. Osborn, 
Moses F. Page, 
John C. Pattee, 
Benjamin O. Pettingill, 
Charles P. Philbrick, 
John L. Philbrick, 
Solomon Reed, 
Atwell Richardson, 
Edward G. Richardson, 
John C. Robinson, 
James 0. Rogers, 
Edward H. Savage, 
Ebenezer Shute, 
Alfred Sleeper, 
George Smith, 
William B. Tarleton, 
Elijah Thompson, 
Archibald E. Towle, 
J. C. Warren, 
Arnold C. Whitcomb, 
Simon F. Wricrht. 



CONSTABLES. 



Gustavus Andrews, 
William P. Baker, 
Asa O. Butman, 
Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp, 
William O. Cheswell, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
George J. Cooledge, 
George J. Dexter, 



Appointed and 



Qualified. 
William Easterbrook, 
Elisha V. Glover, 
David A. Granger, 
Galen Holmes, Jr. 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
Richard Hosea, 
John C. Harrington, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
Edward J. Jones, 



99 



William K. Jones, 
Isaac B. Kimball, 
William Loring, 
John T. Lawton, 
John C. Leighton, 
Joseph W. Leighton, 
Charles J. Merrill, 
Harum Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
Alonzo F. Neale, 
David Patterson, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
James W. Pierce, 
Jabez Pratt, 
William F. Reed, 
Joseph P. Eaymond, 



Edwin Rice, 
Lysander Ripley, 
Ira E. Sanborn, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
George Smith, 
Elijah K. Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Jonas Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
Benjamin True, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 
Silas Warren, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson. 



[City Ord. p. 83,] 



The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the Citizens 
on Election days. 



Ward. 
1 — William K. Jones, 
2 — Edwin Rice, 
3 — Jabez Pratt, 
4 — Jonas Stratton, 
5 — William Easterbrook, 
6— Elisha V. Glover, 



Ward. 

7 — George J. Dexter, 

8 — Charles Smith, 

9 — Isaac A. Cooledge, 

10 — William Munroe, 

11 — David Patterson, 

12— John T. Lawton. 



OfHcers appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make complaints 
against Truant Children and Absentees from School. [City Ordi- 
nances, p. 402.] 

Silas Warren, Nathaniel Seaver. 

William F. Reed, 



WATCH DEPARTMENT. 

James Barry, Captairi of the Watch. Office, City Building, Court 
square. Salary S600. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, 
in May or June. City Ordinances, p. 408.] 

The Watch Department consists of seven divisions, viz : the East, 
West, North, South — the Boylston Division, which includes all 
above Summer and below Orange streets, and the South Boston 
and East Boston Divisions. 

There are 19 Constables of the Watch, at $1.25 per night, 208 
Watchmen, at ^1.00 per night. 



100 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

John H. Eastburn, City Printer. Work done by contract. [City 
Ordinances, p. 304.] 

There are nine newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertise- 
ments, S^c. are published. Not yet elected, those of last year were 
the Daily Advertiser, Coui'ier, Atlas, Post, Bee, rSnorning papers. 
Daily Eveninj^: Transcript, Boston Daily Journal, Daily Evening 
Traveller, Daily Herald, evening papers. [Elected by joint ballot 
of the City Council, in February or March. Compensation not 
exceeding $300 each per annum.] 



HEALTH DEPARTMENT. 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. Salary 
$1,200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May. City 
Ordinances, p. 211.] 

Joshua R. Lothrop, Assistant Physician. Salary $600 and board. 
[Chosen and paid by the Directors of the House of Industry, &c.] 

Nicholas Berry, Captain of the Quarantine Boat, pay $50' per 
month. 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, and the 
men are paid by the City. She is used as a boarding boat, and 
visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to inspect their crews, 
passengers, and cargoes. 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1,000. Chosen by con- 
current vote in May. Ofl&ce, City Building, Court square. [City 
Ordinances, p. 209.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, George C. Shattuck, Jacob 
Bigelow, Zabdiel B. Adams, Consulting Physicians. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote in May or June. [City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Artemas Simonds, City Registrar. Chosen in February or March 
by concurrent vote of the City Council. [City Ordinances, p. 327.] 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial Grounds 
and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, and Marriages, and 
grants Certificates of all Intentions of Marriage. Salary $1,200, 
and an allowance of $850 for Clerk hire. 

William Palfrey, Clerh. 

George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 



101 



UNDERTAKERS. 



[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 212.] 

Caleb I. Pratt, Federal street. 

Oren Faxon, Washington street. 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Richard Dillon, Fayette court. 

John Peak, 1 Leverett street. 

Charles Houghton, Fourth street, South Boston. 

Constant T. Benson, 65 Prince street. 

George Johnson, Pitts place. 

Harum Merrill, 3 Russell place. 

John White, Lewis street, East Boston. 

Obed Pratt, Jr., Spring street. 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Marlborough Chapel. 

William. Cooley, McLean street. 

Charles Cook, Winter street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 

David Marden, Revere place. 

John W. Pierce, 56 High street. 

Ware Wilkinson, 24 Marion street. 

Nahum P. Whitney, 1 Lovett place. 

James Lynde, 8^ Tileston street. 

Philip E. Field,"'63 B street. South Boston. 

John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 7 Purchase street. 

Levi L. WhitcoEub, East Boston. 

William Willcutt, South street. 

William A. Brabiner, 133 Broadway, South Boston. 

John Farrell, 169 Endicott street. 

Charles B. Wells, Superintendent of Common Sewers. Salary $1,200. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in May or June. City Ordinances, 
p. 358.] 

The Mayor and Aldermen are appointed by the City Council, Sur- 
veyors of Highways, [Charter, § 22. Ordinances, p. 378.] 

Thomas Hunting, Supei'intendent of Streets. Salary $1,400. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote in January or February. City Ordinances, 
p. 383.] 



PUBLIC LANDS AND BUILDINGS, LAMPS, BRIDGES, 
AND HARBOR. 

James McAllaster, Superintendent of PuUic Buildings. Office, City 
HaU. Salary SI, 200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April or 
May. City Ordinances, p. 307.] 



103 

Stephen Tucker, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office City HalL 
Salary 1,200. [Chosen in April or May. City Ordinances, p. 
311.] 

Joseph M. Sherburne, Superintendent of the Common, Malls, S^c* 
Salary $1,000 [Appointed by the Mayor.] 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market. Salary 
$1,200. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in Jane or 
July. City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. p. 72.] 

Thomas Bennett, Deputy Superintendent. Salary $800 per annum. 
[City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. p. 72.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

James Barry, Superintendent of Lamps. Office, City Building. 
Salary $600 per annum. [Appointed by the Mayor and Alder- 
men. City Ordinances, p. 250.] 

There are 1,408 Gas Lamps in the City proper — 109 in South 
Boston, and 22 in East Boston. Total, 1,539. 

There are 667 Oil Lamps in the City proper — 242 in South Bos- 
ton, and 209 in East Boston. Total, 1,118. 

By a recent arrangement the Gas Lamps in the City proper are 
placed under the charge of the Boston Gas Light Company, who are 
held responsible for their care and lighting. 

The other Gas Lamps and all the Oil Lamps are under the care of 
the Superintendent of Lamps. 

The Lamps are lighted, on an average, 26 nights per month. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. Salary 
$900. [Chosen by concurrent vote, " first acted upon by the 
Mayor and Aldermen," in January or February. City Ordinances, 
p. 54.] 

Abner J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. Salary 
$400. [Chosen by concurrent vote, " first acted upon by the 
Mayor and Aldermen," in January or February. City Ordinances, 
p. 54.] 

Edward T. Stowers, Superintendent of the East Boston and Chelsea 
Free Bridge. Salary $200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in Jan- 
uary or February.] 

Daniel Merrill, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary $700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant E^eeper. Salary $700. [Appointed by 
Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme Court.] 

Samuel Cook, Harhor Master. Salary $800, and $730 for two 
Boatmen, and $150 for rent of Boat House. Chosen by concur- 
rent vote annually, " if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 172.] 



103 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief Engineer. 

William Barnicoat, 372 Tremont street. Salary Sl,200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $250 each. 

Charles S. Clark, 32 Snow Hill street. 

George W. Bird, Plawthorn place. 

Elisha Smith, jr., 9 London street. 

Nathaniel Seaver, Winthrop street. East Boston. 

Frederick A. Colburn, 41 Tremont row. 

Richard S. Martin, 32 Pemberton square. 

George S. Thorn, Athens street. South Boston. 

Samuel S. Nutting, 32 Pitts street. 

David C. Meloon, 34 Lincoln street. 

Henry Hart, Secretary. Salary $800. 
Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote. [Ordinances, 
pp. 126, 132.] 

Foremen of Engines, 



Mazeppa Co. No. 1. 
Elijah H. Goodwin, 

Perkins Co. No. 2. 
Daniel Weston, Jr., 

Eagle Go. No. 3. 
Samuel N. Tucker, 

Cataract Co. No. 4. 
Alvin Yinal, 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5. 
Abel Horton, 

Melville Co. No. 6. 
Charles Carter, 

Howard Co. No. 7. 
William C. Savage, 

Boston Co. No. 8. 
William A. Green, 

Maverick Co. No. 9. 
Horatio N. Alexander, 

Old North Co. No. 10. 
Ebenezer Burrill, 

Despatch Co. No. 11. 
David Chamberlin, 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. 
Nathaniel W. Pratt, 

ffook and Ladder Co. No. 2. 
Warren Foster, 



Broadway^ South Boston. 
148 E street. South Boston. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
Gardiner court, South Boston. 

Washington street. 
9 Dover street. 

Foot of Mount Vernon street. 
1 Lime street. 

East street. 
60 South street. 

Leverett street. 
69 South Margin street. 
Purchase street. 
15 Belmont street. 

Commercial street, 
Hanover avenue. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Sumner street. East Boston. 
Eagle Hill, East Boston. 
Lexington street, East Boston. 

Court square. 
18 Albany street. 

Friend Street. 
5 Cotting street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
3 New street, East Boston. 



104 



Hooh and Ladder Co. No. 3. 
Zenas E. Smith, 

Hydrant Go. No. 1. 
Daniel Hardy, 

Hydrant Go. No. 2. 
John M. Butterfleld, 

Hydrant Go. No. 3. 
John S. Ryan, 

Hydrant Go. No. 4. 
Charles Carver, 

Hydrant Co. No. 5. 
"William Lovell, 

Hydrant Co. No. 6. 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 



Harrison avenue, 
6 Albion street. 

Salem street. 
Samoset place. 

Hudson street. 
16 Seneca street. 

Friend street. 
70 High street. 

Tremont street. 
88 "Warren street. 

Shaivmut avenue. 
"West Dedham street. 

Paris Street, East Boston, 
Border street, East Boston. 



There are attached to the department, 16 Foremen of Engine, Hook 
and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at K150 each; 16 Assistant 
Foremen, at S125 each; 16 Clerks, at $125 each; 16 Stewards, at 
S125 each; 382 Members, at $100 each; 4 Foremen, at $75 each; 
4 Assistant Foremen, at $60 each ; 4 Clerks, at $60 each ; 4 Stew- 
ards, at $60 each ; 84 Members, at $50 each. There are 2 Engine 
Companies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant Com- 
pany, at East Boston, which are not required to attend Fires in the 
City proper, except by special order of the Chief Engineer — their 
compensation is as follows : — Foremen, $75 each per annum ; Assist- 
ant Foremen, $60 each; Clerks, $60 each; Stewards, 60 each; 
Members, $50 each. [Ordinances, pp. 126, 132.] 



FIEE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 
Central Ojffice, No. 8 City Building, Court Square. 



[Ap. 



Superintendent, Moses G. Farmer. Salary $100 per month, 
pointed by Joint Special Committee of the City Council.] 

Operators. — George H. Burnham, R. H. Shapleigb, Sylvester M. 
Brooks, Henry Edson. [Salary $2.00 per day.] 

A constant watch is kept at the Central Office night and day. 
Each operator is on duty four hours. Two persons are required to 
be about the office at all times for safety, in case of accident to any of 
the machinery, or sudden illness of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch, unless ex- 
pressly relieved by some one else. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for any omis- 
sions or mistakes that may occur at the Central Office during his 
hour of duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each alarm, and 
of the District and Station from whence it originates. 

Alarms are transmitted to the Central Office from the Signal Sta- 
tions or Boxes by turning the crank in the Box. The Police, Watch, 



105 

and a person resident near each Box, have each a key to the 
Boxes. 

Alarms are usually given in less than a minute from the time the 
crank is turned in any Box, which is done in accordance with the 
following directions : — 

DIRECTIONS TO THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KETS. 

1. If a fire is discovered in your vicinity go to the nearest box in 
the District. 

2. Turn the crank twenty-Jive times, rather fast at first, then quite 
slowly at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as to direct the 
Firemen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn again. 
If still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The "Watch, upon hearing the bells, will spring their rattles 
and call the number of the District. 

The alarms will be given from the Central Station by striking the 
number of the District on the bells, and tapping the number of the 
Station in the boxes. 

CAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in case 
of fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless called for 
by the City Authorities. 



There are 42 Signal Stations distributed and located in accordance 
with the following plan : — 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 

District No. 1, 

East and North ofLeverett, Green, Court and State Streets. 
Station No. 1.— Faneuil Hall. 

" 2 — Corner Union and Hanover Streets. 

" 3. — Richmond, East of Hanover Street. 

" 4. — Eastern Railroad Wharf. 

" 5. — Constitution Wharf. 

" 6. — Phipps Place, corner of Charter Street. 

" 7. — Cooper Street Church 

" 8. — Boston and Maine Railroad Freight Depot. 

" 9. — Causeway, corner of Lowell Street. 

" 10. — Leverett, corner of Vernon Street. 

" 11.— Sudbury Street, Williams' Stable. 

District No. 2, 
West ofLeverett, Green, Court, Tremont and Boylston Sts, 
Station No. ].— Church in North Russell Street. 

" 2. — West < edar, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 3. — Church in Charles Street. 

" 4. — West Centre, corner of Pinckney Street. 

" 5. — Reservoir, Hancock Street. 

" 6. — Bowdoin, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 8. — Poplar, corner of Spring Street. 



106 



District No. 3, 
Between the Water, Beach, ]Vashin(/ton, Boylston, Tre- 

mont, Court, and State Streets. 
Station No, 1.— Old South Cliuich. 

" 9. — rentral, corner of Broad Street. 

" 3. — Belmont, corner of High Street. 

" 4. — No. 21 Purchase Street. 

" 5. — Lincoln, corner of Summer Street. 

" C— Dr. Cabot's, Winter Street. 

" 7. — Central Otiice, City Building. 




District No. 4, 
Between Dover, the Water, Beach, Washington, and 

Boylston Streets. 
Station No. 1. — Old Colony Railroad Depot. 

" 2. — Oak, corner of Tyler Street. 

" 3. — Seneca Street, near Harrison Avenue. 

" 4. — Indiana Place Church. 

" 5. — Warren Street < hurch. 

" 6. — Providence Kailruad Depot. 

" 7.— Boylston Market. 



107 



District No. 5, 
South of Dover Street. 
Station No. 1.— Engine Elou^e No. 3^ 

" 2. — rhurcli on Sliawmut Avenue, cor. Waltham St. 

" :<.— Hydrant No. 5. 

" 4. — Siiawmut Avenue, corner of Northampton St. 

District No. 6, 
Comprises South Boston. 
Station No. I. — Broadway, corner Turnpike Street. 
" 2. — Engine House No. 2. 
" 3.— Lyceum Hall 

" 4. — Hroadvvay, near Dorchester Street. 
" 5. — House of Industry. 

District No. 7. 
Comprises East Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Near Toll flouse, on Boston side. 



SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in February. City Ord. p. 260.] 

CHARLES LEIGHTON. 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 
[City Ordinances, p. 26L] 
Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 

"Washington street, near Dedham street. 
14 Fayette street. 

2 Oak place. 
512 Washington street. 
196 Harrison avenue. 

4 Brookline street. 
332 Tremont street. 
Prince, corner of Salem street. 
22 South Russell street. 
Lincoln street. 
63 Allen street. 
39 Oak street. 

Webster street, East Boston. 
Bolton street, near E street. 
No. 3 Snelling place. 
Camden street. 
Fourth street, near B street. 
516 Washington street. 
Fourth street, corner of G street 



Edwin Allyn, 
Charles Bullard, 
Francis Bullard, 
Henry Bullard, 
George W. Cram, 
George Davis, 
George Dupee, 
Osgood Eaton, 
George Hall, 
Rolun Hartshorn, 
Charles Hersey, 
Joseph F. Huntress, 
John Lefavor, 
Josiah Marston, 
Eben M. Plumer, 
Charles W. Smith, 
Samuel Waldron, 
Edward Willett, 
George Page, 
John Kenney, 
Hiram Crego, 
John W, 



Young, 



10 Tyler street. 

Marion street, corner of Saratoga street. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
N'athaniel Bryant, No. 31 Dover street. 

Surveyors of Oah, Hard Wood, S^c. 
Seth Brooks, Saratoga street. East Boston. 

Gad Leavitt, ' Franklin House. 



108 

The following officers are first elected by the Mayor and Aldermen, 
with the concurrence of the Common Council. They are all paid by 
fees. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 

Inspectors of Lime. — Robert Marsh, Joel Wheeler. 

Fence Vieicers. — John Spronl, Levi Willcutt. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Henry Brown, and Moses Miller. 

Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — John K. Carlton, and John Lang. 

Assay J/as^er.— Charles T. Jackson, M. D. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Ira E. Sanborn, and Samuel 

Stinson. 

The following officers are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 

Weigher of Hay, S^c. — John R. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurers of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon, Benjamin B. 
Webster. [Ordinances, p. 254.] 

Measurers of Wood and Barh, hrought hj land. — John R. Bradford, 
Amos Bates, Moses Hadley. [Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Measurers of Wood, hrought hy water. — Warren Bowker, John Paul. 

[Ordinances, p. 444.] 
Weigher of Boats and IJghters. — Edward Loring, Abijah R. Tewks- 

bury. [Appointed in March or April. Ordinances, p. 83. Mun. 

Reg. p. 83.] 
City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from time to time, until the 

first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures. — Edward Loring. [Ordinances, 
pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Elbridge G. Dudley, Azor 
Maynard, Israel M. Barnes, Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, 
Horatio N. Crane, Caleb W. Hartshorn, Joseph Urann. [Ordi- 
nances, p. 181.] 

PUBLIC CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Institutions, the 
Master of the House of Correction, are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council. The other officers are appointed by the Di- 
rectors of the different Houses. 

HOUSES OF INDUSTRY AND REFORMATION. 

Office, City Hall. 
Directors. — Thomas Hollis, Chairman, Thomas P. Rich, Paul Adams, 
Samuel Leeds, Alfred A. Wellington, William Dall, David Kimball, 
John Flint, Nathaniel Brewer, John Cowdin, and Henry M. 
Holbrook. [Chosen in May. Ordinances, p. 236.] 

The Board meet every Thursday alternately, at the House of 
Industry, an,d their room, City Hall. 



109 

Superintendent. — Friend Crane. Salary SI, 000, and board in house. 

Clerk of Directors.— WiXWaxa Willett. Salary Sl,200. 

In the House of Industry, there is a Matron's Assistant, Overseer of 
Clothing and Overseer of Kitchen, who receive S204 each, from 
the City. There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston 
and Mason Funds to the Chaplain, S500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; 
Assistant Teacher, $300; and four Females, each S156. 

In the House of Reformation Department, there is paid to the Male 
Teacher, f 500, and to one Assistant $350, and to one $240 ; and 
to the Matron, $200. [Appointed by the Directors.] 

There are a Farmer and a Teamster, at a palary of $240 each, whose 
services are for both Houses. 

HOUSE OF CORRECTION. 

Office, City Hall. 

Overseers. — James Clark, Chairman, Benjamin L. Allen, John Odin, 
Jr., Francis C. Manning, William H. Foster, Bradley N. Cumings, 
Benjamin Smith, Benjamin Beal, and Thomas Restieaux. Chosen 
from time to time, generally in the month of May. [Ordinances, 
p. 219. Mun. Reg. p. 44.] 
The Board meet at City Hall, on Monday afternoons. 

Master, — Charles Robbins. Salary $1,200, and board in House. 

Clerk to Master. — R. W. Crossett. Salary $400, and board in House. 

Clerk to Overseers. — Eliphalet P. Hartshorn. Salary $700. 

Chaplain.— Uev. Shipley W. Willson. Salary $750. 

There is also paid to six Male Assistants, $300 each, and board ; and 
three Female Assistants, $200 each. Also, to one Cook, $3.50 
per week. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Charles Edw. Cook, Chairman, Jacob Sleeper, Henry 
Lincoln, Otis Clapp, William H. Calrow, Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alexander H. Rice. [Chosen in January or February. Ordi- 
nances, p. 270.] 

The Board meet each Tuesday afternoon, at the City Hall, except 
the third Tuesday of each month, when they visit the Hospital. 

Clement A. Walker, M.D., Superintendent and Physician to all the 
above Institutions. Salary $1,200, and board in the House. 
[Chosen in June, by the Visitors. Mun. Reg. p. 44,] 

Chaplain. — Rev. Louis Dvvight. [Salary $5.00 a Sabbath.] 

There are also attached to this Institution, 

Sumner Crosby, Steward, Salary $600 per year. 

Harriot Crosby, Matron, « $200 " 



110 



Seven male Attendants and Assistants, SI 80 each ,- six female At- 
tendants and Assistants, Si 30 each; one Laundress and one House- 
keeper, at S156 each; two Cooks, at S2 per week; one Sempstress^ 
at $2.50 per week ; Table and Chamber Girl, at %2 per week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at South 
Boston receive S600, which amount is shared by the three Insti- 
tutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

Office, City Hall. 
(Charter, § 17) 
(^Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 
Ward. 



Ward. 
1 — Alexander Wood. 
2 — Samuel Stinson. 
3 — Benjamin T. Gould. 
4 — Silas Durkee. 
5 — Daniel Henchman. 
6 — William Edwards. 



7 — Edmund T. Eastman; 

8 — John W. Warren, jr. 

9 — Calvin Whiting. 
10 — Isaac Emery. 
11 — Henry R. Andrews. 
12— Thomas Hill, jr. 



James Phillips, Secretary. Salary S800. 

The Board meet on the afternoon of the first Wednesday of eacb 
month, at their room, City Hall. 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE WATER BOARD. 

Office 119 Washington Street. 

[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordinances^ 
p. 424.] 

Thomas Wetmore, Ghairman. 
Sampson Reed, Jonathan Preston, 

Ezra Lincoln, Henry B. Rogers, 

John H. Wilkins, Adam W. Thaxter, jr.. 

Samuel Holbrook, Clerk. 
J. Avery Richards, Water Registrar. Salary $1,200. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 



CITY ENGINEER. 

E. Sylvester Chesbrough. Salary $2,500. 

Henry S. McKean, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1,000. 

Office, 119 Washington street. 
[Chosen in September or October, by concurrent vote. Ordinances, 
p. 425.] 



Ill 



PUBLIC LIBRARY OF THE CITY OF BOSTON. 

Instituted, A. D. 1852. 
[Mun. Keg. pp. 43, 80.] 

Trustees. — Hon. Edward Everett, President, George Tickuor, JoLn 
P. Bigelow, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Thomas G. Appleton, Sampson 
Reed, George W. Warren. [Chosen by concurrent vote in 
January.] 

Librarian. — Edward Capen. Salary $800, [Chosen by concurrent 
vote in October.] 

The Library is, at present, situated in the Adams School House 
Building, in Mason street. Joshua Bates, Esq., of London, whose 
early life was passed in Boston, having offered to this City the munifi- 
cent sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars towards the purchase of Books 
for the Public Library of the City, if the City would erect a suitable 
building for that purpose; on the 24th of February, 1853, an order 
was passed by the City Council, authorizing the Committee on the 
Library, in conference with the Board of Trustees, to purchase a 
suitable site for the erection of a building which should be fully 
adapted to the purpose of Mr. Bates's donation. 



112 



ORGANIZATION OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 

1853. 



Benjamin Seaver, Mayor, Chairman, ^ \ -^^ o-fficiis. 

Henry J. Gardner, President Common Council, j" '^ 

\_The following are chosen in each Ward.~\ 



Ward. 

1 Rev. Edward Cooke, 

William H. Learnard,jr. 
2 Dr. William H. Thorndike, 

Robert R. Kent. 
3 Isaac H. Hazelton, 

Dr. Moses C. Greene. 
4 Rev. S. K. Lothrop, 

Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 
5 Frederick Emerson, 

Loring Norcross. 
6 J. Thomas Stevenson, 

Henry B. Rogers. 



Ward. 

7 Dr. Z. B. Adams, 

Dr. Le Baron Russell. 

8 Samuel W. Bates, 

Dr. Edward H. Clarke. 

9 Dr. N. C. Keep, 

Rev. Otis A. Skinner. 

10 Rev. George M. Randall, 

Rev. Thomas Starr King. 

11 George Eaton, 

Rev. Henry M. Dexter. 

12 Alvan Simonds, 

Rev. James Porter. 



Nathan Bishop, Superintendent of Public Schools. Office in City 
Hall. Office hours from 12 M. to 1^ o'clock, P. M. 

Edward Capen, Secretary of School Committee. Will be in the Su- 
perintendent's office from 9 o'clock, A. M. to 12 M., and from 3 to 
5 P. M. 

SUB-C OMMITTEES. 

Committee on Boohs — Messrs. Winslow, Adams, Clarke, Skinner and 
Cooke. 

Committee of Conference with Primary School Committee — Messrs. 
Bates, Russell and Randall. 

Committee on the Erection, Alteration and Ventilation of School 
Houses — Emerson, Hazelton and Simonds. 

Committee on Temporary Instruction — Messrs. Rogers, Eaton and 
Keep. 

Committee on Accounts — Messrs. Stevenson, Norcross and Learnard. 

Annual Examining Committee — Messrs. Bates, Russell, King, Skin- 
ner, Kent, Norcross, Dexter, Cooke and Porter. 



113 




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114 



INSTRUCTORS IN THE VARIOUS SCHOOLS, 



Note. The Masters of the Latin and English High Schools have 
a salary of S2, 400 each per annum. The Sub-Masters of both schools 
have SI, 500 each per annum — and the Usliers in both schools have 
$800 each, for the first year of service, with an annual increase of 
SI 00 for each additional year of service, until the salary amounis to 
SI, 200 ; at which sum it remains fixed. 

All Grammar and Writing Masters have a salary of Si, 500 each ; 
all Suh-Masters in the Grammar Schools have S 1,000 each per an- 
num — all Ushers in said schools have S800 each per annum — Head 
Assistants S400 each, and all other Assistants S250 for the first year's 
service ; S.300 for the second year's service ; and S350 for the third 
and succeeding years. 

The Teachers of Music receive SI 00 a year for instruction in each 
school, which sum includes the consideration for the use of a Piano 
Forte. [All the salaries ai"e fixed by the School Committee.] 

LATIN. 

Francis Gardner, Master. 

Caleb Emery, Sub-Master. 

John Noble, Charles J. Capen, and Thomas H. Chandler, Ushers. 

Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

ENGLISH HIGH. 

Thomas Sherwin, Master. 

Luther Robinson, First Sub-Master. 

Francis S. Williams, Second Sub-Master. 

Charles M. Curaston, and Luther W. Anderson, Ushers, 

Frederick D, Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Lucy F. Kimball, Mary J. Tarr, Lucy W. Ripley, Assistants. 
Model School — Lucy D. Osborn, Mary A. L. Bredeen, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

B I G E L O W. 

Frederick Crafts, 3Iaster. 

Julia M. Baxter, Martha C. Jenks, Rebecca M. Harris, Celinda Sea- 
ver, Elizabeth Williams, Elizabeth Crafts, Elizabeth Weston, As- 
sistants. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 



115 



B O W D O I N. 

Abraham Andrews, Grmnmar Master. 

James Robinson, Writing Master. 

Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, Mary S. Robinson, Hannah S. 
Andrew's, Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Marcy Ann Smith, Louisa Clark, 
Martha A. Palmer, Elizabeth S. Kidder, Sarah R. Andrews, As- 
sistants. 



A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher, 



BOYLSTON. 

John C. Dore, Grammar Jfaster, 

Charles Kimball, WritiJiff Master. 

William T. Adams, Usher. 

Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, Catharine H. Grover, Ellen M. S. Tread- 
well, Maria A. Moulton, Anna A. Foster, Rosetta M. Hodges, Ma 
ry S. Smith, Laura P. Holland, Louisa F. Moulton, Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 

BRIMMER. 

Joshua Bates, jr.. Master. 
Daniel C. Brown, Sub-Master, 
Dean F. Battles, Usher, 
Anna L. Gage, Head Assistant. 

Mary E. Beck, Amelia F. Upton, Lucy F. Hall, Ellen B. Cunning- 
ham, Mary M. Knight, Helen H. Chaffee, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



CHAPMAN, FOR BOYS. 

John p. Averill, Master, 

William Alfred Jenks, Usher, 

Marilla M. Caverno, Jane E. Gilbert, Adeline E. Clapp, Assistants, 

L..H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN, FOR GIRLS. 

John F. Nourse, Master. 

Lucy A. Wiggin, Sarah J. Chamberlain, Louisa A. H. Winnek, 

Charlotte L. Stockwell, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher, 

DWIGHT, FOR BOYS. 

James A. Page, Master. 

William F. Basto, Sub-Master, 

Clarissa Guild, Elizabeth P. Wyman, Eliza M. Josselyn, Lucretia 

Josselyn, Almira W. Hodges, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



116 



D WIGHT, FOR GIRLS. 

George B. Hyde, Master. 

Eliza A. Harding, Henrietta Draper, Pemelia W. Gate, Elizabeth 

J. Wilder, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

ELIOT. 

William H. Seavey, Master. 

Samuel W. Mason, Sub-Master. 

Alfred Hewins, Usher. 

Garoline W. Carter, Eliza L. Felt, Sophia Shepard, Hannah M. 

Damon, Sarah Sewall French, Anna S. Garter, Caroline A. Co- 

nant, Galista H. Clement, Assistants. 
Charles Butler, Music Teoxher. 

FRANKLIN. 

Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

Catharine T. Simonds, Sarah A. M. Gushing, Head Assistants. 

Mary J. Leach, Lucy M. Beck, Fannie E. Field, Sarah A. Gale, 
Mary A. Mitchell, Catharine G. Bond, Elizabeth J. Brown, As- 
sistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

HANCOCK. 

George Allen, jr., Master. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Sicb-Master. 

Henrietta L. Pierce, Sarah E. White, Helen M. Johnson, M. R. 

Brigham, Achsah Barnes, S. O. H. Eaton, M. Sherman, Mary F. 

Kimball, Elizabeth F. McKay, Mary S. Gale, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

H A w E s . 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 
Charles A. Morrill, Suh-Master. 
Henry C. Hardon, Usher. 

Louisa J. Henderson, Georgianna Watts, Martha A. Dearborn, As- 
sistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

JOHNSON, NORTH. 

Richard G. Parker, Master. 

Rebecca P. Barry, Helen E. Vans, Caroline Leighton, Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, 3Iusic Teacher. 

JOHNSON, SOUTH. 

Joseph Hale, Jiasicr. 

Martha E. Towne, Almira Seymour, Mary Jane Danforth, Assistants, 



117 



LYMAN, FOR BOYS. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, blaster. 

James F. Blackinton, Usher. 

Eliza L. Pierce, Mary 0. Bulfinch, Almira G. Smith, Mary A. 

Turner, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

LYMAN, FOR GIRLS. 

Isaac F. Shepard, Master. 

Mary P. Moulton, Jane M. Hight, Emeline French, Mary E. Mel- 

vin, Cordelia Lothrop, Eliza A. Wiggin, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

MATHER. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Grammar Master. 

Jonathan Battles, jr., Writing blaster. 

Asa Weeks, Sub-Master. 

Lucy Floyd, Margarette A. Moody, Margaret A. Pease, Elizabeth 

B. Raynolds, Alice Cooper, Laura A. Bartholomew, Mary Jane 

Newmarch, Assistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher, 

M A Y H E TV . 

Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Music. 

Winslow Battles, Sub-Master. 

Robert Swan, Usher. 

Elizabeth D. Moulton, Elizabeth L. West, Elizabeth P. Hopkins, 

S. W. I. Copeland, Sarah E. Curtis, Emily A. Moulton, Helen 

H. Pearson, Caroline H. Rice, Assistants. 

PHILLIPS. 

James Hovey, Grammar Master. 

Benjamin Drew, Writing blaster. 

Amphion Gates, John M. Colcord, Ushers. 

Catharine P. Dow, Eliza F. Copeland, Ellen M. Coolidge, Sarah E. 

Adams, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



Q U I N C Y. 

Charles E. Valentine, Master. 

B. W. Putnam, Sub-Master. 

James O. Brown and Adoniram Alden, Ushers. 

Josephine L. Tucker, Mary G. Clement, Abbie Dalton, Sarah H. 
Hale, Lydia A. Hanson, Eliza Ann Shearer, Sophia A, Leverett, 
Angelina A. Moulton, Caroline D. Cotton, Assistants. 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher. 



118 



SMITH 



Thomas Paul, Master. 
Charlotte ]M. Knowles, Assistant. 
James C. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

WELLS. 

Cornelius "Walker, Grammar Master. 
Reuben Swan, jr., Writing Master. 
William H. Swan, Usher. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Mary S. Carter, Sarah J. Lolhrop, Abby Bias- 
land, Lydia A. Hayward, Maria E. Chace, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

"WINTHKOP. 

Henry "Williams, jr., Master. 

Anna B. Page, Head Assistant. 

Elizabeth R. Briggs, Susan A. W. Loring, Caroline A. Rogers, Abbie 

R. Parish, IMartha I. Cotton, Frances M. Huffmaster, Almira Paul, 

Elizabeth Leatherbee, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



119 



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130 



WAED OFFICEES 



185 3. 



Warden. 
Moses Miller. 

Clerh 
George D. Eicker. 



Warden. 
Ezra Vinal. 

ClerL 
Charles W. McLellan. 



Warden. 
Ephraim Nute. 

aerL 
Charles W. Cline. 



Warden. 
Uriel Crocker. 



Cleric. 



Ward Wo. 1. 

Inspectors. 
Henry K. Cobb, 
Charles 0. Eaton, 
John W. Fairbanks, 
John B. "Wedger, 
Joseph H. Whitman. 

Ward No. 2. 

Inspectors. 
Francis M. Andrews, 
William Curtis, 
Joseph Dunbar, 
Patrick Keenan, 
Abraham Weeks. 

Ward No. 3. 

Inspectors. 
Edward W. Danforth, 
Daniel Dow, 
Edward Gregory, 
Francis L. Harding, 
James W. Russell. 



Ward No. 4. 



J M. Clark. 



Inspectors. 
George T. Stearns, 
John B. Foster, 
Fitzroy Sessions, 
Obed B. Low, 
George N. Nichols. 



131 



Ifard No, 5. 



Warden, 
Eben H. Little. 

ClerL 
A. E. Johonnot. 



Warden, 
David KimbalL 

ClerL 
James B. Weeks. 



Warden. 
William B. Bradford. 

ClerL 
Hales W. Suter. 



Warden. 
Clement Willis. 

ClerL 
Stephen G. Deblois. 



Warden, 
William S. Dexter. 

ClerL 
Frederick S. Kettelle. 



Warden. 
Jesse Tirrell, jr. 

Clerk. 
William A. Bell. 



Inspectors, 
John S. Pear, 
George H, Ladd, 
Jairus Beal, 
Theophilus Burr, jr., 
Pelham Bonney, jr. 



^ard No. 6. 



Inspectors, 
Hiram Simmons, 
George H. Braman, 
John S. Damrell, 
William A. Bangs, 
Benjamin B. Williams. 



Ward No. 7. 



Inspectors, 
H. E. Bayley, 
Horatio R. Storer, 
J, M. Gibbens, 
William A. Warner, 
Edward C. David. 



Ward No, 8. 



Inspectors. 
Charles F. Russell, 
Reuben J. Todd, 
Abram French, 
William L. Elliot, 
Albert Glover. 



Ward No, 9. 



Inspectors, 
John Weltch, 
F. H. Sprague, 
Joseph Y. Wellington, 
Levi Wilkins, 
Amos C. Clapp. 



Ward No, 10. 



Inspectors. 
Charles T. Tilton, 
Edward F. Weld, 
John R. Mullin, 
Lyman A. George, 
William W. Bullock. 



132 



Ward No. 11. 



Warden. 
George B. Rogers. 

Olerh 
Augustus P. Melzar. 



Warden. 
Walter H. Tilden. 

Clerh. 
Gustavus Forbes. 



Inspectors. 
Charles Caverly, 
Gilbert Purmelee, 
Charles Caldwell, 
John H. Griggs, 
William Swinson. 



Ward No. 12. 



Inspectors. 
James L. Lincoln, 
Wesley Burnham, 
Caleb H. Dolbeare, 
Samuel Hill, jr., 
Edwin B. Spinney. 



133 



WARD S. 



No 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, across Hanover 
street to Salem street ; thence by the centre of Salem street to Coop- 
er street ; thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charles- 
town street to Beverly street ; thence by the centre of Beverly to 
Causeway street ; thence across Causeway street, and in the same 
direction with Beverly street, to the water ; thence by the water to 
the point begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the Fitchburg 
Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the central line of Bever- 
ly street if extended to the water ; thence by such line and the centre 
of Beverly street to Charlestown street ; thence across Charlestowu 
street, and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by 
the centre of Salem street to Richmond street : thence by the centre 
of Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hano- 
ver street to Court street ; thence by the centre of Court street to 
Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett street ; 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence 
by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with Lowell 
street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; 
thence by the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by 
the centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre of 
Green street to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford 
street to Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge 
street to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and 
Mount Vernon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of Winter street to 
Washington street; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to India street ; 
thence across India street by a straight line, to the water on the 
south side of Central wharf; thence by the water to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Staniford street ; 
thence by the centre of Staniford street to Green street ; thence by 
the centre of Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett 
streets ; thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 



134 

tlience by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; tlience by 
the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 6 — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple street ; 
thence by the centre of Temple and Mount Vernon streets to Beacon 
street ; thence by the centre of Beacon street and the Western avenue 
to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western 
avenue ; thence northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water, on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence across India street, by a straigiit line to Milk street ; thence 
by the centre of Milk street to Washington street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Washington street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of 
Winter street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to West street ; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Essex street ; thence by centre of Essex street to South street ; 
thence by centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by centre 
of Summer street, and by a straight line in continuation thereof, to 
the water, on the northerly side of Summer street wharf; thence by 
water to point begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of Summer 
street wharf; thence by a straight line in continuation of the centre 
of Summer street, and by the centre of Summer street to South 
street ; thence by the centre of South street to Essex street ; thence 
by the centre of Essex street to Kingston street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Kingston street to Bedford street ; thence by the centre of Bed- 
ford street and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre 
of Tremont street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Kneeland 
street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thence 
crossing Sea street by a straight line, to the water on the southerly 
side of Howe's wharf; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line, between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of the Western 
avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West Castle street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Rail- 
road Bridge ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Rail- 
road to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence by 
said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of Howe's 
wharf; thence by a straight line across Sea street to Kneeland street ; 
thence by the centre of Kneeland to Washington street ; thence across 
Washington street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Tremont sti-eet ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Warren 
sti-eet ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington street ; 



135 

thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence 
by the centre of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end 
of the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Boston and Worcester Railroad ; thence by the centre 
of the Boston and Worcester Railroad to the Railroad Bridge ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to West Castle Street ; thence 
by the centre of West Castle street to Washington street ; thence by 
the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence by the centre 
of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston 
South Bridge; thence by the water to the boundary line between 
Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said boundary line to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 12.— All South Boston. 



WARD ROOMS. 

1 Eliot School House, North Bennet street. 

2 School Room, Paris, corner Meridian street, East Boston. 

3 Baptist Church, Merrimac street. 

4 City Building, Court square. 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 School House, Franklin street, corner Theatre alley. 

8 Adams School House, Mason street. 

9 Vestry 5th Universalist Church, Warren sti'eet. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

11 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



136 



TAXE S. 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Real and Personal Estates 
in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been as follows : 

1847. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $97,764,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 64,595,900.00 



Total Valuation, 162,360,400.00 



At S6.00 per S1,000, is - - - - - 974,162.40 

No. of Polls 27,008, at SL50 each, is - - - 40,512.00 



Total Tax for 1847, ^ 1,014,674.40 

Increase over 1846, viz : 
Property, Real $7,644,900.00, being about 8.48 per cent. 

Personal, 5,875,900.00, 10.00 



Total, 13,533,800.00, being about 9.08 per cent. 
Polls, 1,034, 3.94 



1848. 



Valuation of Real Estate, S100,403,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 67,324,800.00 

Total Valuation, 167,728,000.00 

AtS6.50per 1,000, is 1,090,232.00 

No. of Polls, 27,726, $1.50 each, is - - - 41,589.00 

Total Tax for 1848, - ^ 1,131,821.00 

Increase over 1847, viz : 
Property, Real $2,638,700.00, being about 2.70 per cent. 

Personal, 2,728,900.00, 5.22 

Total, $5,367,600.00, being 3.31 per cent. 
Polls, 718, 2.66 



137 



1849. 

Valuation of Real Estate, ----- SI 02,827,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 71,352,700.00 



Total Valuation, - 174,180,200.00 



At S6.50 per ^1,000, is - - - - - 1,132,171.30 

No. of Polls, 28,363, at S1.50 each, is - - 42,544.50 



Total Tax for 1849, ----- 1,174,715.80 

Increase over 1848, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,424,300.00, being 2.4145 per cent. 
Personal, 4,027,900.00, 5.9827 



Total, $6,452,200.00, being 3.846 per cent. 
Polls, 637, 2.297 



185 0. 



Valuation of Real Estate, ----- $105,093,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 74,907,100.00 



Total Valuation, - - - - - - 180,000,500.00 



At S6.80 per S1,000, is - - - - - 1,224,003.40 

No. of Polls, 28,018, at S1.50 each, is - - 42,027.00 



Total Tax for 1850, 1,266,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz: 
Property, Real, $2,265,900, being 2.203 per cent. 
Personal, 3,554,400, 4.981 



Total, $5,820,300, being 3.341 per cent. 
Polls decreased, 345, being a loss of 12,233. 



18 



138 



185 1 



Valuation of Real Estate, $109,358,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 78,588,500.00 



Total Valuation, $187,947,000.00 



At $7 per 1000, is 1,315,629.00 

No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,667.50 



Total Tax for 1851, $1,358,296,50 

Increase over 1850, viz : 
Property, Real, $4,265,100, being 4.058 per cent. 

Personal, 3,681,400, being 4.914 



Total, $7,946,500, being 4.414 per cenL 
Increase of Polls, 447, being 1.524 



185 2. 



Valuation of Real Estate, $110,699,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 76,980,800.00 



Total Valuation, $187,680,000.00 



At $6.40 per 1000, is - . - . . 1,201,152.00 

No. of Polls, 28,983, at $1,50 each, is - - 43,474.50 



Total Tax for 1852, ..... $1,244,626.50 
Increase on Real over 1851, $1,340,700. 

Decrease on Personal over 1851, $1,607,700. 

Net Decrease, $267,000. 



139 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1823 


- 


... 


1825 


- 


_ . - 


1830 


. 


. . _ 


1835 


. 


_ _ _ 


1840 


- 


- - - 


1845 


- 


- 


1846 


- 


- January 1st, 


1847 


- 


« a 


1848 


- 


u <( 


1849 


- 


U C( 


1850 


- 


ii li 


1851 


- 


l( u 


1852 


- 


" " 


1853 


- 


« (I 



5 103,550.00 
305,873.00 
891,930.00 
1,147,398.00 
1,698,232.00 
1,163.266.00 
1,085,200.00 
1,033,766.00 
1,112,906.00 
1,354,332.00 
1,623,823.00 
1,756,000.00 
1,714,298.44 
1,746,510.39 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following table shows the value of the Real and Personal 
Estate, with the number of persons assessed from the year 1794, and 
every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Heal Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No, Bills. 




£ s d 


£ s d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2,953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3.224,100 


3,766,200 


6.990.300 


3,600 


1804 


13.753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5,230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


6,772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


38,037,200 


6,617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7,851 


1824 


' 27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10,980 


1829 


1 36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13,311 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15,652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18,151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24,817 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32,396 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33,183 



140 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 43,298 

1830 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 85,000 

1845 114,366 

1850 138,788 



STATISTICS OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF BOSTON. 
Prepared hy the Superintendent of Puhlic Schools. 

L 

Estimated cost of all the Puhlic School Estates to May \st, 185 L 

1. Cost of the Latin and English High School Es- 
tate, and of the improvements on the same, - - $81,151,51 

2. Cost of all the Grammar School Estates, and of 

the improvements on the same, _ _ - _ 767,952,80 

3. Cost of all the Primary School Es- 
tates, and of the improvements on the 

same, *427,377,84 



Total cost of all the Public School Estates, - $1,276,482,15 

* This sum is much smaller than it -would be, if a large number of Primary 
Schools did not occupy rooms in the Grammar School Houses, and many other 
rooms hired for their use. 



Ul 



II. 



Annual Amount jpaid for Tuition and for incidental ex- 
penses, and rate per scholar, for the last eleven years. 



I. In High and Grammar Schools. 



Years. 


Number of 


Amount paid 


Rate per 


Incidental 


Rate per 


Total 




Scholars. 


for salaries. 


Scliolar. 


Expenses. 


Scholar. 


Expense. 


1841-'42 


6,433 


$73,258 83 


$ 11 39 


$14,305 10 


$ 2 22 


$ 13 91 


1842-'43 


6,823 


75,734 68 


11 10 


16.761 22 


2 46 


13 56 


1843-'44 


7,533 


80,957 68 


10 75 


15,879 46 


2 11 


12 86 


1844-'45 


7,935 


89,005 11 


11 22 


21,134 00 


2 66 


13 89 


1845-'46 


8,511 


98.876 40 


11 62 


21,940 39 


2 58 


14 20 


1846-'47 


8,513 


104,675 34 


12 30 


25,589 93 


3 01 


15 40 


1847-'48 


8,836 


114,011 86 


12 90 


34,878 12 


3 95 


16 85 


1848-'49 


9,114 


118,060 84 


12 95 


36,935 67 


4 05 


17 00 


1849-'50 


9,332 


120,895 83 


12 95 


34,314 26 


3 67 


16 62 


1850-'51 


9,694 


125,464 60 


12 94 


39,820 82 


4 11 


17 05 


1851-'52 


9,981 


129,478 82 


12 97 


26,820 82 


2 71 


15 68 



II. In Primary Schools. 



Years. 


Number of 


Amount paid 


Rate per 


Incidental 


Rate per 


Total 




Scholars. 


for salaries. 


Scholar. 


Expenses. 


Scholar. 


Expense. 


1841-'42 


5,968 


$23,934 84 


$ 4 01 


$ 8,889 71 


$ 1 48 


$ 5 49 


1842-'43 


6,355 


25,324 79 


3 98 


10,876 14 


1 71 


5 69 


1843-'44 


7,540 


27,884 14 


3 70 


11,075 34 


1 47 


5 17 


1844-'45 


8,173 


29,239 84 


3 57 


10.968 12 


1 34 


4 91 


1845-'46 


8,599 


31,070 35 


3 61 


13,346 36 


1 55 


5 16 


1846-47 


9,003 


44,675 69 


4 96 


17,425 39 


1 93 


6 89 


1847-'48 


10,060 


47,910 64 


4 76 


22,.530 18 


2 24 


7 00 


1848-'49 


10,657 


53,671 99 


5 04 


23,993 98 


2 25 


7 29 


1849-'50 


11,257 


56,461 31 


5 02 


23,685 61 


2 10 


7 12 


]850-'51 


11,949 


58,434 08 


4 89 


21,214 39 


1 77 


6 66 


1851-'52 


11,970 


61,230 09 


5 11 


19,516 68 


1 63 


6 74 



From these Tables it appears that, for the last eleven years, the average cost of 
instruction for each scholar in the High and the Grammar Schools, has been 
$15.16 per annum ; and that for each scholar in the Primary Schools it has been 
$6.31 per annum. The whole average cost of instruction is $10.54 per annum 
for each scholar in the Boston Public Schools, 



142 



III. 



Amount annually expended for the Erection and Alteration 
of School Houses for the last eleven years. 



High and Grammar Schools. 



Primary Schools. 



Years. 


Number of 


Amount 


Rate per 


Number of 


Amount 


Rate per 




Scholars. 


expended. 


Scholar. 


Scholars. 


expended. 


Scholar. 


1841 -'42 


6,433 


$21,314 80 


$ 3,31 


5,968 


$12,457 25 


$ 2 09 


1842-'43 


6,823 


7,442 33 


1,09 


6,355 


10,210 18 


1 61 


1843-'44 


7,533 


53>551 56 


7,11 


7,540 


9,926 14 


1 32 


1844-'4.5 


7,935 


48,414 45 


6,10 


8,173 


12,502 27 


1 53 


1845-'46 


8,511 


46,338 80 


5,44 


8,599 


16,570 86 


1 93 


1846-'47 


8,513 


62,451 61 


7,34 


9,003 


34,592 02 


3 84 


1847-'48 


8,836 


90,153 02 


10,20 


10,060 


39,290 46 


3 90 


1848-'49 


9,114 


35,567 24 


3,90 


10,657 


35,923 72 


3 37 


1849-'50 


9,332 


63,964 46 


6,85 


11.257 


17,756 86 


1 58 


1850-'5l 


9,694 


29,969 14 


3,09 


11,949 


51,010 69 


4 27 


1851-'52 


9,981 


5,218 58 


0,52 


11,970 


56,221 16 


4 70 



IV. 

Amount annually expended for all Public School purposes, 
except the building and the alteration of School Houses^ 
for the last eleven years. 



Years. 


Number of Scholars. 


Tuition and Inciden- 
tal Expenses. 


Rate per Scholar. 


] 841-42 


12,401 


$ 120 388 48 


$ 9,71 


1 842-'43 


13,178 


128,696 83 


9,77 


1843-44 


15,073 


135,796 62 


9,01 


1844-45 


16,108 


150,347 07 


9,33 


1845-'46 


17,110 


165,233 50 


9,66 


1846-'47 


17,516 


192,366 35 


10,98 


1847-'48 


18,896 


219,330 80 


11,61 


1848-'49 


19,771 


232,662 48 


11,77 


1849-'50 


20,589 


235,357 01 


11,43 


1850-'51 


21,643 


244.933 89 


11,32 


1851-'.52 


21,951 


237,046 41 


10,84 



143 



Tlie amount raised hy Tax for the last eleven years, and the propor- 
tion of the same expended annually for Public Schools. 



Total Tax for 1841-42, at 60 cents per f 100, - - *S616,412.10 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 154,260.53 

!!Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, . _ 25 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1842-43, at 57 cents per $100 - - $637,779.09 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - _ _ 138,771.93 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 21.7 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1843-44, at 62 cents per $100, - $712,379.70 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 201,256.26 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 28.2 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1844-45, at 60 cents per $100, - $744,210.30 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - _ 205,277.68 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 27.6 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1845-46, at 57 cents per $100, - $811,337.59 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - _ 226,019.09 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 27.8 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1846-47, at 60 cents per $100, - $931,998.60 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - - 298,619.49 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 32 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1847-48, at 60 cents per $100, - $1,014,674.40 

Whole amount expended for Schools, » - - 348,887.40 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 34.3 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1848-49, at 65 cents per $100, - $1,131,821.00 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - _ 303,581.67 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 26.8 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1849-50, at 65 cents per $100, - $1,174,715.80 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - , _ 311,494.95 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 26.5 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1850-51, at 68 cents per $100, - - $1,266,030.40 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - - _ 325,126.60 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 25.7 per cent. 

Total Tax for 1851-52, at 70 cents per $100, - - $1,358,296.50 

Whole amount expended for Schools, - _ - 297,666.80 

Proportion of Tax expended for Schools, - - 21.8 per cent. 

* Poll tax included every year. 



144 



Modes and Times of ap])ointment of the various City 
Officers^ as p-escribed hy the City Ordinances, ^c. 



City Clerk — in Convention, - - - - January. 

Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, - - January. 

Trustees of Public Library — Concurrent vote, January. 

Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concurrent vote, January or February. 

Superintendents of Free Bridges — Concurrent 
vote "first acted upon by the Mayor and 
Aldermen," ------ January or February. 

Engineers of Fire Department — Concurrent 

vote, ------- January or February. 

Superintendent of Streets, - - - - January or February. 

Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and Staves, 
Field Drivers, Pound Keepers, Inspectors 
of Lime — Concurrent vote, - - - January or February. 

Officers to complain of Truants, &c.^Mayor 
and Aldermen, - . - - - 

Surveyor General of Lumber — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

City Registrar — Concurrent vote, 

Newspapers, elected by joint ballot, for City 
Advertising, ------ 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Weighers of Boats and Lighters, Sealers of 
Weights and Measures, Hay Weighers, In- 
spectors of Hay, Measurers of Wood and 
Bark — Mayor and Aldermen, - - - 

Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent vote, - 

Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Aldermen, 

Superintendent of Public Buildings — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Superintendent of Public Lands — Concurrent 

vote, -._---- 

City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, 

Captain of Watch and Watchmen — Mayor 

and Aldermen, - - - - - 

Overseers of House of Correction — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Master of House of Correction — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

Directors of House of Industry, (Sec. — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

City Treasurer — In Convention, - - - 
City Auditoi- — Concurrent vote, - - . 
City Physician — Concurrent vote, 
Port Physician — Concurrent vote, 



January or February. 

February. 
February or March. 

February or March. 

March. 



March or April. 

March or April. 

April. 

April or May. 

April or May. 
May. 

May. 

May; 

May. 

May. 
May. 
May. 
May. 
May. 



145 

City Messenger — Concurrent vote, - - May. 

Chief of Police — Mayor and Aldermen, - May or June. 

Consulting Physicians — Concurrent vote, - May or June. 

Superintendent of Sewers and Drains — Con- 
current vote, ------ May or June. 

City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - - - June. 

Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market — 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - - _ June or July. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - - September. 

City Eingineer — Concurrent vote, - - - September or October. 

Water Registrar — Concurrent vote, - - September or October. 

Librarian — Concurrent vote, _ . - October. 



ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

Appointed hy the Public Authorities. 



On the Anniversary op the Boston Massacre, March 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thacher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 



On the Anniversary of the National Independence, July 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

19 



146 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Eev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M.D. 

1805. Warren Dutlon, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher. 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Francis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1834. Richard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1838. Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Gary. 



147 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

1852. Rev. Thomas Starr King. 

N. B. All of the above Orations have been printed with the 
exception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis Dana 
Channing, Edward G. Prescott, and Thomas S. King. 



CATALOGUE 

OP THE 

GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON, 

IN CHRONOLOGICAL OEDER OE THEIR SERVICE, 

FROM tTS 

INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1853. 

WITH A.N 

INDEX. 



150 



PRELIMINAEY EEMARKS. 



During thirty municipal years, one being but eight months, when 
the time of the City election was changed in 1825, one hundred and 
fifteen citizens have served as Aldermen, forty-one have deceased, two 
while in office. Of this number, forty-three have served one year ; 
forty, two years ; fourteen, three years ; seven, four years ; six, five 
years ; three, six years ; one, eight years ; one, eleven years. 



IN THE COMMON COUNCIL, 

Seven hundred and twelve citizens have served since 1822. Of 
whom one hundred and thirty-six are deceased, six while in office. 
Fifty-two have represented two wards, and two citizens have repre- 
sented three wards. 

NOTE. 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See Mayors. 

ALDERMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re-elected, 
and Thomas B. Wales and Redford Webster, elected 1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organization. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — having been chosen 
one of the Principal Assessors. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not qualify 
himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no provision for 
affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 

Henry D. Gray, and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer Howard, 
Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 1828, also 
Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined prior to the organiza- 
tion. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 1830. 



151 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, "Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

There have been six successfully contested Elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that "closing the poll before the hour at 
which the voters were notified it would be closed, was a violation of 
the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members of 
Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an adjourned 
meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of irregular proceeding 
to render the whole number of votes certain by taking the highest 
number of votes for candidates on each opposing ticket ; adjournment 
of the meeting by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregu- 
larities at the annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three members 
of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal voters, suificient 
to effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned meeting, Decem- 
ber 14, on the ground that four votes for non-resident candidates, 
(after having been first thrown out by the Ward officers,) *were 
counted at the annual election, December 12, thereby preventing the 
choice of two other candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, 
were by the decision of the Council, declared elected, leaving one 
vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. At the subsequent trial the same 
members were again returned to the Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. 

The election of Mayor for 1845, was more warmly contested than 
on any former year. There were not less than eight several ballot- 
ings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of February, 
Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, William 
Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chairman of the 
Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining health, 
resigned the office of Mayor, which resignation, however, was not 
accepted by the City Council, and on the 22d of November he died, 
being the first Mayor who has died in office, since the organization of 
the City Government in 1822. 

* This fact was admitted, though not stated in the report of the Committee. 



153 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, jr.' was elected Mayor, 
by the City Council, foi- the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as Chairman 
of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. Davis and the 
election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an Alder- 
man of the City, was afterwards chosen Mayor. 

At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, he 
resigned as an Alderman and accepted the office of Mayor. 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected an 
Alderman, died before his qualification. 

At the Municipal Election in 1852, nine Aldermen had a majority 
of ballots — but, in accordance with the statute, the eight who had the 
highest number of votes were declared elected. 



153 



1822. 

MAYOR, 

*JOHN PHILLIPS. 



ALDERMEN 



* Samuel Billings, 
*Ephraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Josepli Head, 



*Joseph Jenkins, 
*Joseph Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Bryant Parrott Tilden. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*WILLIAM PKESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
"William Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 

* Henry Orne, 
*Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 
*Tbeodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
Horatio Gates AVare, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 

* William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
*Augustus Peabody, 
*Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Peter Chardon Brooks, 
*James Perkins, 
*Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 

* William Prescott, 
John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
*Andrew Drake, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

* David CoUson Moseley, 
*Isaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 

* George Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa Bullard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 

* Winslow Lewis. 

Ward 12. 
Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
*John Howe, 
Moses Williams. 



20 



154 



18 2 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAII QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 

* David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



*Ashur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
* Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN WELLES, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Jo3eph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
* Samuel Perkins, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
*Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 
William Wright. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
James Savage, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes''Lincoln, 
John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
David Francis, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa[Bullard, 
* Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
^Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



155 



1824. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN: 



*Daniel Baxter, 
* George Odiorne, 
*Davi(l Weld Child, 
*Josepli Hawley Dorr, 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

*Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVEE, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2, 
*William Little, jr., 
*01iver Reed, 
*Jo3eph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
* William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
George Washington Otis, 
Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
^Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward IL 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
* Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 12, 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Tsaac Thorn, 
Charles Bemis. 



156 



1825. 



M A Y O K , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Welsh, jr., 

* George Blake, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 

* Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 

* Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

;Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*Thoma3 Wells, 
*Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 
*George Hallett, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
*John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*William Symonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 

* William Goddard, 

* Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Richardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Franklin Dexter, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothingham, 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



157 



1826. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr.. 



M A T o K , 
JOSIAH QUINCY. 

ALDERMEN, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Robbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Lewis Lercw, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*William Sprague, 
Amos Farnsworth, 
Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
*Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam, 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose, 
Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 
Henry Hatch. 



158 



1827. 



Cyrus Alger, 
*John Bellows, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr., 
John Foster Loring, 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 

ALDERMEN, 

*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Eliot, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 

* Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 

* George Hallett, 

* William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter, 
*Jonathan Loring, 
*Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 

* Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 

* Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
George Brinley, 
William Parker, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 11. 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 

* Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 
*William Little, jr., 

* George Gay. 



159 



1828 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 

ALDERMEN, 



John Foster Loring, 
* Robert Fennellj, 
James Savage, 
*Thomas Kendall, 



*James Hall, 

Phineas Upham, 

*John Pickering, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



COMBION COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON AD AN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
*James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, jr., 
*James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 

* David Moody. 



Ward 7. 
*John Arno Bacon, 
John Belknap, 

*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward, (res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
*Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Norman Seaver, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 
Robert Treat Paine, (from May.) 
*John Lowell, jr., 
George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Cary, 
Walter Cornell, 
*Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



160 



1829. 

MAYOR, 

*HAIlRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Jactson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*James Hall, 



* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Wiiislow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMBION COUNCIL, 

ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 

* Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis, 

*Thomas Reed, (died February.) 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 

* George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
*Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore. 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 9. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Star buck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr. 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 



161 



1830. 

M A Y O K, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDER BI EN 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Samuel Turell Armsti'ong, 
*JBeDJamin Russell, 



*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McClearj, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
*Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 

Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated in 
February.) 

21 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
*John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*James Wright. 



162 



183 1. 

MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 

■* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 



*Henry Farnam, 
Adam Bent, 
*John Binney, 
*Richard Devens Han'is. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 

Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Ensign Sargeant, 
Stephen Titcomb. 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Abbott Lawrence. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward IL 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 



163 



18 3 2. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN, 



'*"Henrj Jackson Oliver, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
* Henry Farnam, 
'*John Binney, 



*Rich'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 
Jabez Ellis, 
*James Bowdoin, 
*John Stevens, (died.) 
*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COTTNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
*Bili Richardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
■^Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4 
* George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boy n ton Haskell, 
Charles Leigh ton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Jonathan Porter, 
*Grenville Temple Wintlirop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
Richard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John Collamore, jr. 
Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
*Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr. 



164 



183 3. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



* Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 
Jabez Ellis, 
*William Tileston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Tales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
*Bill Richardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
*Sarauel Chessman, 
Philip Adams, 

Ward 4. 
Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
EHphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Silas Billiard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborougb Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dascomb. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



165 



183 4. 



Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Fales, 
Charles Leighton, 



MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 

ALDERMEN, 

Josiah Dunham, 
*]SIathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 
Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 
*Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
George Washington Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargent, 
*Edvvard Cruft, jr. 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Isaac McLellan, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dascomb, 
* William Reed. 

Ward IL 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



166 



1835. 



MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leigbton, 



ALDERMEN, 

Josiah Dunham, 

*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUmCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
Jobn Warren James, 

* Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 

Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Edward Cruft, jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
*Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 
Richard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward IL 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
*Johii Bliss Stebbins. 



167 



1836. 

MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McClearj, 
Josiah Dunham, 
*]S"athan Gurney, 



ALDER 31 EN, 

Samuel Greele, 

Joseph Henshaw Hayward,, 

Thomas Hunting, 

* Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March. 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



168 



18 3 7. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

*Eleazer Pratt, 

Isaac Harris, 

*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 

Thomas Hudson, 

Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvener. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 
Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
William Green Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward n. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin BuUard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



169 



18 3 8. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward. 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martia Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 
*Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAUaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry P!!dwards, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 

22 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
*Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward IL 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



iro 



183 9. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Natlian Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Eichardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*James Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zabina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillavvay. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
James McAllaster, 

* William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow, 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker. 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, jr., 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward IL 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, jr., 
*John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
*Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



171 



1840. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



^Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
* Nathan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 



ALDERMEN, 

Charles "Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn, 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
James Haugliton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 

* William Vinal Kent, 
George Washington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward IL 
*John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



173 



184 1. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN. 



Thomas "VVetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4, 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 

Alfred Augustus Wellington. 
Ward 5. 

George Washington Otis, jr., 

Pelham Bonney, 

Freeman Stowe, 

Edward Parker Merriam. 
Ward 6. 

*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res. April.) 

John Hubbard Wilkins, 

Enoch Train, 

Jos. Neale PIowe,jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
EHphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett, 

Ward 11. 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



173 



1842. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



ALDERMEN, 

William Parker, 
Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Richard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President, 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Bultrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



174 



1843. 

MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



ALDERMEN, 

Richard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMBION COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plyrapton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John fSlade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee, 
Andi-ew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
John Tillson, 
Romanus Emerson. 



175 



1844. 

MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon Wiggin Robhison, 
Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon "Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
William Henry Learnard, 
Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
* Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 

* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 

* Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel ToplilF, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



176 



1845. 



MAYOR, 

*THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 



Benson Leavitt, 

William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Lyman Reed, 
James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings, 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
*Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
* Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topi iff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



177 



1846. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUmCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thoraas Jones, 
George E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George S. Plillard, 
Thomas Haviland. 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward?. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W, Cushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward il. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John W. Crafts. 



178 



184 7. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
"William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Billings 



Brisss- 

OO 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 

(Resigned, July 1.) 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen July 1.) 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2, 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 
William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 

* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 

* George W. Abbot. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 

* Richard B. Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George R. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, jr., 
Samuel Wales, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Ealon, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



179 



1848. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



ALDERMEN, 

John H. Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John r. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown, 
William D. CooUdge, 
* George W. Abbot. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 



180 



1849. 

M A T O K , 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Billings Briggs, 
John P. Ober, 
Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



COMMON' COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrej, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Wai-d 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 

Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 

Francis Brown, 

Frederick Crosby, 

Benjamin Beal, 

John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 

*Richard B. Carter, 

John Phelps Putnam, 

Charles Brown, 

Edward Hennessey. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
George William McLellan, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



181. 



1850. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN. 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henrj M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriara. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
George William McLellari, 
Manlius S. Clarke, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



182. 



1851. 

M A Y O K , 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



ALDERMEN, 

Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Gushing, 
James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns. 
Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Richard Shackford. 

Ward 3. 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bos worth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

W^ard 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



183 



1852. 

MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER. 



ALDERMEN, 



John Plummer Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



*Lyman Perry, 
Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Thomas Phillips Rich, 
Isaac Gary. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George Wilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
James B. Alien, 
William H. Cairo w, 
Andrew Burn ham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Roby. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Rayner. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Frederick H. Stimpson. 



Ward 7. 
David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, jr. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John F. Banister. 

Ward 11. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel R. Spinney. 



INDEX. 



ALDERMEN, 



\_The figures indicate the number of years of service.'] 



A 

Alger, Cyrus 2 

Allen, Benjamin L. 1 

Amory, Charles 2 
Andrews, William T. 2 
ArmsironjT, Samuel T. 4 

Ayer, J. CuUen 1 

B 

Baxter, Daniel 2 

Bellows, John 3 

Benjamin, Asher 2 

Bent, Adam 1 

Billings, Samuel 1 

Binney, John 3 

Blake, George 1 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 1 

Bowdoin, James 1 

Briggs, Billings 5 

Brimmer, Mai'tin 1 

Bryant, John 1 



Carney, Daniel 2 

Gary, Isaac 2 

Child, David W. 2 

Clark, James 2 

Clark, Calvin W. 1 

Crane, Larra, 2 

D 

Dorr, Joseph H. 2 

Dunham, Josiah, 3 

Dyer, John D. 1 

■pi 

Eddy, Caleb 2 

Eliot, Rphraim 1 

Eliot, Samuel A. 2 

Ellis, Jabez 3 

F 

Pales, Samuel 2 

Earnum, Henry 6 

Ecnnelly, Robert 2 

Fiske, Benjamin 1 

Erost, Oliver 1 

G 

Gould, Frederick 3 

Grant, Moses 4 

Greele, Samuel 3 

Gurney, Nathan 8 



H 

Hall, Jacob 
Hall, James 
Hall, Samuel 
Harris, Isaac 
Hariis, James 
Harris, Kichard D. 
Hathaway, John 
Hayward, Joseph H. 
Head, Joseph 
Head, George E. 
Holbrook, Henry M. 
Hooper, Stephen 
Hunting, Thomas 



Jackson, Francis 
James, Benjamin 
Jenkins, Joseph 
Jones, Thomas 

K 

Kendall, Thomas 
lumball, Moses 



Leavitt, Benson 
Leighton, Charles 
Lewis, Winslow 
Longley, James 
Loring, John F. 
Lovering, Joseph 
Lowe, Abraham T. 

M 
Marshall, Josiah 
McCleary, John B. 
Munroe, Abel B, 

O 

Ober, John P. 
Odiorne, George 
Oliver, Henry J. 



Parker, William 
Patterson, Enoch 
Perkins, James 
Perkins, Samuel S. 
Perry, Lyman 
Pickering, John 
Piper, Solomon 



Pope, William 


4 


Preston, Jonathan 


3 


Q 




Quincy, Samuel 


2 


R 




Reed, Lyman 


1 


Reed, Sampson 


2 


Revere, Joseph W. 


1 


Rich, Thomas P. 


2 


Richardson. Thomas 


3 


Robbing, Edward H. 


I 


Robinson, Simon W. 


1 


Rogers, Henry B. 


5 


Russell, Benjamin 


4 


Russell, Nathaniel P. 


2 



Savage, James 2 

Savage, James S. 1 

Stedman, Josiah 1 
Stevens. John. See Note. 

Shipley, Simon G. 1 

Sleeper. Jacob 2 

Smith, Benjamin 1 



Tilden, Bryant P. 
Tilden, Joseph 
Tileston, William 

U 
Upham, Phinens 
Urann, Richard 

W 
Wales, Thomas B. 
Webster, Bedford. 

Note. 
Wells, Charles 
Wells, John B. 
Wells, Charles A. 
AVelsh, Thomas, jr. 
Wctmore, 'ihomas 
White, Benjamin F. 
Whiting, James 
Wilkins, Charles 
Wilkinson, Simon 
Williams, Moses 
Wilkins, John H. 



1 

See 

2 
1 
1 
3 
11 
1 
1 
2 
2 
1 
3 



INDEX 



185 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Abbolt, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W. 5 

Abbott, Samuel L. 10 

Adams, Aarou 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George W. 7 

Adams, Joseph T. 4 

Adams, Paul 6 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John R. 3 

Allen, James B. 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C. 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C. 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Samuel 6 
Appleton, Benjamin B, 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, John 4 
Austin, E. G. 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, jr. 6 

Ayer, Joseph C. 2 
Appleton, Samuel A. 7 

B 

Bacon, John A. 7 
Bailey, Ebenezer 8, 10 

Bailey, Edwin C. 3 

Baker, John 8 
Baker, Ruel, 10, 11 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Baldvvin, Aaron 10 

Banister, John F. 10 

Barry, William 1 

Barnard, Charles 10 

Bartlett, Daniel, jr. 1 

Bartlett, Levi 7 

Bassett Joseph 1 

Bas=ett, Francis 8 

Bates, Martin 2 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Battles, Jason D, 3 

Bazin, George W. 6 

Beal, Benjamin 5 

Beal, Thacher 9 

Belknap, John 7 

Bent, Adam 12 

Bemis, Charles 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betton, N. C. 1 
Bigelow, George T. 7 

Bigelow, John P. 9 

Bean, Aaron H. 10 
24 



[Tlie references are to Wards.) 

Binney, Matthew 5 
Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, A. W. 5 
Blanchard, Geo. D. B. 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boies, Jeremiah S, 9 

Boles, John 3 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Boyd, John P. 2 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. 3 
Bradford, W.B. See Note. 

Bradford, Gamaliel 9 

Bradlee, Da^dd W. 8 

Bradlee, John R. 9 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah P. 7 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed, Horace A. 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas 11 
Brigham, Benajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, George W. 11 

Brinley. George 10 
Brinley, Francis, jr. 9, 10, 7 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C. 8 

Brooks, William G. 7 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryent, Walter 9 

BuUard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Bullard, Silas 8 
Burchstead, Benjamin 8 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

Boynton, James 1 

Boardman, Charles 5 

Bowker, John H. 1 

Brown, Charles 6 

Brown, Charles H. 9 

Brown, Asa 12 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 

Burnham, Andrew 2 

Burrage, William 7 



Callender, Richard 



Carlisle, George 12 
Chapin, David 7, 8 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Richard B. 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Isaac 11 

Cary, Alpheus 12 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W. 6 

Chapin, David 7 

Chapman, Jonathan 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W. 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clarke, Manlius S. 11 

Coffin, George W. 5 

Coffin, Nathaniel W. 7 

Cofran, George 3 

CoUamoi'e, John, jr. 10 

Cook, Charles E. 9 

Cook, Zebedee, jr. 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 

Coolidge, William D. 5 

Copeland, Elisha, jr. 11 

Coney, Jabez 12 

Conley, Charles C. 12 

Cornell, Walter 12 

Cowdin, Robert 11, 10 

Crafts, John W. 12 

Crane, Horatio N, 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D. 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W. 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crowninshield,F. B. 4 

Cruft, Edward, jr. 8 

Cumings, B. N. 1, 11 

Cunningham, A. jr. 4 

Cunningham, N. F. 5 

Curtis, Charles P. 7 
Curtis, Thomas B. 4, 7 

Gushing, Henry W. 9 

Gushing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Samuel L. 1 

Cutter, Ammi 4 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Carnes, William R. 2 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummings, John A. 11 

Calrow, William H. 2 



D 

Dall, William 11 

Dorrance, Oliver B. 8 

Dale, Ebenezer, 6 

Dauforth, Isaac 7 



186 



INDEX 



Dascomh, Thomas E. 


10 


Davis, Henry 


2 


Davis, Jonathan 


9 


Dcmoncl. Charles 


8 


Derby, Elias H. 


7 


Dexter, Franklin 


9 


Dexter, John B. ji*. 


7,8 


Dexter, Theodore 


3,4 


Dickinson, Daniel 


2 


Dillaway, William 


1 


Dimmock, John L. 


8 


Dingley, John T. 11,12 


Dochl, Benjamin 


1 


Dodd, James, 


10 


Donijett, John 


11 


Doolittle, Lucius 


4 


Dorr, Joseph H. 


8 


Dorr, Samuel 


7 


Dorr, William B. 


12 


Drake, Andrew 


10 


Drake, Jeremy, 


12 


Drake, Tisdale 


9 


Drew, Joseph L. 


9 


Dudley, James H. 


3 


Dunbar, Peter 


1 


n^unham, Josiah 


12 


Dunham, Josiah, jr. 


12 


Dupee, Charles 


3 


Dupee, Horace 


8 


Durant, Henry F. 


6 


Dutton, Henry W. 


10 


Dyer, Ezra 


5 


Dyer, John D. 


3 


Dyer, Oliver 


3 


Denny, Daniel 


8 


Dennison, James 


10 


Davis, George 


11 


Demerest, Samuel C. 


12 



E 

Eaton, William 1, 3 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G. 8 
Edmands, George W. 5 

Edwards, Henry 6, 7 
Eldredge, Edward H. 7 

Elliot, John 1 

Ellis, Ebenezer 5 

E'lis, Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Eomanus 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, Joshua 3 

Emmons, John L. 10 

Erving, Edward S. 11,9 

Eustis, William T. 4, 7 

Eveleth, Joseph 4, 5 

Everett, Otis 1 1 



E 
Famsworth, Amos 
Eamum, Henry 



Faxon, Nathaniel 2 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Fay, Kichard S. 10 

Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fcnno, John 2 

Fcssenden, Benjamin 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willavd N. 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Flint, Joshua B. 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Ford, William C. 4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 

FoUett, Dexter 3 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 
Foster, Wm. See Note. 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles 1 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H. 9 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, Samuel 11 

Frothingham, G. W. 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. 3 

Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D. 2 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardner, Henry J. 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gav, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L. 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 

Gill, Perez 1 1 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Goodwin, William E. 4 

Gordon, George W. 4 

Gore, Christopher 1 

Gould, Benjamin A. 9 
Gould, Frederick 1,2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gregg, Washington P. 4 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John'C. _ 9 

Greely, Philip, jr. 5 

Green, John. jr. 11, 12 
Greenough, William W. 4 
Grosvenor, L. P. 1, 4 

Guild, Samuel E. 11 

H 

Hall, Andrew T. 9 

Hall, Martin L. 4 

Hallett, George 4 

Hamblen, David 1 1 

Hammond, Nathaniel 5 



Harding, William B. 12 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, jr. 12 

Hale, Theodore P. 1 1 

Harris, Leach 8 

Harrington, W. A. 8 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, E. P. 5 

Haskell Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B. 5 

Haskell, William 0. 3 
Haskell, Daniel N. 7, 8 

Hastings, Edmund T. 5 

Hastings, Joseph S. 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Hatch, Samuel 7 

Haviland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hayden, William 10 

Hay ward, Ebenezer 12 

Healey, John P. 7 

Hennessey, Edward 6 

Hildreth, Eichard 8 

Hinckley, Holmes 11 

Hinds, Calvin P. 8 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T. 7 

HoUis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 1 1 
Homer, Samuel J. M. 10 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hooper, Henry N. 1 

Haughton, James 4 

Howard, Charles 11 

Howard. William H. 12 
Howard, Eleazer. See 

Note. 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N. 12 

Howe, Joseph N. jr. 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins. Ezra C. 7 

Hall, Samuel W. 4 

Ilillard, George S. 6 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Hayward, James 8 

Haven, Calvin W. 11 

Holden, Joel M. 1 

Hovey, James G. 1 



Jackson, Eben 1 2 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T. 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W. 2, 4 

Jenkins, Joshua 12 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jewett, Darwin E. 4 

Johnson, George W. 2 



INDEX. 



187 



Jones, Eliphalet 


5 


Jones, Josiah M. 


8 


Jones, Samuel 


3 


Jones, Isaac 


12 


Jones, Thomas 


12 


Josselyn, Lewis 


2 


Jewell, Harvey 


5,4 


Jones, Peter C. 


9 



K 

Keith, Eobert 1 

Kelly, Daniel D. 2 

Kendall, Ezekiel 5 

Kendall, Thomas 5 

Kendall, Timothy C. 3 

Kent, Henry 8. 2 

Kent, William V. 5 

Kimball, Benjamin 3 

Kimball, Daniel 10 

Kimball, Moses 10 

Kimball, Otis 10 

Kinsman, H. W. 11 



Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 
Learnard, William H, 1 

Leavens, vSimon D. 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M. 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles ' 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W. 4 

Lewis, Joseph W. 6 

Lewis, Winslow 1 1 

Lewis, Winslow, jr. 10 

Libby, J. G. L. 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 

Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R. 3 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 10 

Lincoln, Noah, jr. 1 

Little, William, jr. 12 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G. 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Pei-ez 5 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lovejoy, Reuben 10 

Lovejoy, William R. 1 

Lowell, John, jr. 10 

Littlehale, Sargent S. 4 

Lawrence, S. Abbott 4 

Lawrence, James 4 

Loud, Andrew J. 1 1 

M 

Mann, Nehemiah P. 12 
Marrett, Philip 7, 1 1 



Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 
Marvin, Thcophilus R. 7 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

McAllister, James 5 
McLellan, George W. 11 

McLellan, Isaac, jr, 9 
Means, James 4, 7 

Merriam, Edward P. 5 

Meriam, Levi 9 

Messenger, Daniel 10 

Milton, Ephraim. 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Manning, Francis C. 8 

Minot, Albert T. 11 

Moody, David 6 

Morey, George, jr. 11 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Moseley David C. 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 

Munroe, James 2 

Munroe, Abel 13. 1 

Merriam, Joseph W. 9 

N 

Nazro, John G. 1 1 
Nevers, Benjamin M. 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph R. 8 

Nicnlson, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C. 1 

Noyes, George N. 12 

Noyes, Nicholas, 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 

O 

Odin, John, jr. 9 
Oliver, Erancis J. 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J. 1 

Olney, Stephen W. 2 

Orne, Henry 2 

On'olc, James L. P. 3 

Otis, George W. 5 

Otis, George W., jr. 5 

Ober, John P. 1 

Oliver, Samuel P. 1 

P 

Palmer, Julius A, 3 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 
Page, Thad'deus 1, 2 
Paine, RT 10,11 

Palfrev, William 1 

Park, John C. 5 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parker, Amos B. 3 

Parker, Benjamin 6 

Parker, Isaac 7 
Parker, John B. 7, 8 

Parker, William .5 

Parker, William 10 

Parker, Charles H. 6 

Parkman, William 1 



Pai'melee, Asaph 11 

Parrott, William W. 8 

Peabody, Augustus 7 

Peabody, O. W. B. 9 

Penniman Scammell 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S. 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S. 12 

Perrin, Payson 1 1 
Phelps Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W. 10 

Phillips, John L. 11 

Phillips, Thomas W. 7 

Pickman, Benjamin T. 7 

Pierce, Josiah 10 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plyrapton, Henry 5 

Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 

Plummer, Farnham 7 

Pollard, Abner W. 2 

Pope, Thomas B. 4 

Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G. 5 

Prescott, Edward G. 9 

Prescott, William 9 

Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Prichard, Oilman 11 

Proctor, John 12 

Prouty, Joel 6 

Pope, William 11 

Putnam, John P. 6 

Quincy, Josiah, jr. 4 

R 

Raymond, Freeborn F. 2 

Raymond, Thacher R. 2 

Raymond, Zebina L. 1 

Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J. 4 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Alexander H. II 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, Israel C. 5 

Rice, John P. 10 
Richards, Francis 10, 9 

Richards, Joel 10 

Richardson, Bill 11 

Richardson, Jeffrey 8 

Richardson, James B. 8 

Richardson, Benj. P. 8 

Robbins, Edward H, 9 

Roby, Dexter 3 

Roberts, Joseph D. 5 

Roberts, John G. 1 1 

Robinson, Simon W. 1 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 

Russell, Benjamin g 



188 



INDEX 



Bussell, Benjamin F. 2 

Kussell, Johu 13. 9 

S 

Sampson, Geo. R. 10, 5 
Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn, Grecnleaf C. 11 

Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius i\I. See 

Note. 
Savage, George 11, 12 

Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 

Seaver, Josliua, jr. 6 

Seaver, Norman 9 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 
Shattuck, Lemuel 10, 11 

Sliaw, Jesse 6 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shaw, Robert G. 4 

Shelton, Thomas J. 8 

Shelton, Stephen 9, 10 

Shipley, Simon G. 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simonds, Alvan 12 

Simonds, Jonathan 10 

Simonds, AVilliam 5 

Shide, John, jr. 7 

Sloan, Samuel W. 12 

Smith, George W. 2, 3 

Smith, Joseph 12 

Sever, James W. 7, 9 

Snelling, Enoch H. 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B. 3 

Snow, Ephraim L. 5 

Spear, William T. 3 

Spinney, Samuel R. 12 

Spooner, William B. 4 
Sprague, C 10,11,12 

Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprague, William 3 

Starbuck, Charles C. 10 

Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stearns, Charles H. 1 

Stearns, Elijah 1 

Stebbins, John B. 12 

Stcdman, Josiah 11 

Stetson, AIphcLis 12 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 

Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevcn.s, John 6,12 

Stevens, John 11 

Stimpson, Frederick H. 6 

Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stodder. Joseph 2 

Stone, Joseph 2 

Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 



Sturtevant, Noah 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 

Southard, Zibeon 12 

T 

Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbcll, Silas P. 4 

Thacher, William S. 12 

Tha.NLter, Jonathan 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer, Elias B. 11 
Thayer, Gideon F. 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H. 8 

Thorn, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F. 2 

Thomas, William 6 

Thompson, I']rasraus 1 

Thompson, John 11 

Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 
Thompson, Thomas H. 1 

Thorndike, John H. 8 

'Ihurston. Caleb 12 

Tillson, John 12 

Tilton, Stephen, ji". 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael 1 

Topliff, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 

Townsend, Isaac P. 12 
Townsend, Samuel R. 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B. 1,2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F. 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Charles A. 1 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner, Otis 11 

Tattle, Jedediah 10 

U 

TJpham, Henry 6 

Upham, Phineas 10 

Urann, Richard 11 

V 

"Vinson, Thomas M. 12 

Vose, Joshua 11 

Vose, Josiah 11 

Vose, Thomas 11 

Vose, Edward A. 1 

W 

Wakefield, Enoch H. 3 



Wales, Thomas B. 10 

Wales, Samuel ' 10 

Ward, Artemas 3 

Ward, Samuel D. 7 

Ward, Thomas W. 7 

Ware, F.phraim G. 12 

Ware, Horatio G. 5 

Warren, George W. 8 

Washburn, Cyrus 2 

Washburn, Calvin 5 

\Vashburn, W. R. P. 4 

Waters, Isaac 6 

Watts, Francis 0. 8 

Weeks, William A. 8 

Wellington, Alfx'ed A. 4 

Welles, Jolm 9 

Wells, Charies 1 
Wells, John B. 1,2 

Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler. Joseph I 
Wheeler, Samuel, 11 12 

Wheelwright, George 5 
White, Warren 11,12 

Whiting, James 3 

Whitney, Moses, jr. 9 

Whitney, William 9 

Whiton, James M. 4 

Whittemore, George 8 

Whittem.ore, James F. 12 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charies 4 

Wilkins, John H. 6 

AVilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 

Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 
Williams, Horace 6, 7 

Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. 8 

Willis, Benjamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M. 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow. Isaac 5 

Winter, Francis B. 6 

Winthrop, G. T. 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 

AVoodman, Charles T. I 

Woodman, George 10 

W^right, James 12 
Wriaht, John M. 5, 8 
Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, AVinslow 5 

Wymau, Abraham G. 5 



Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX. 



Adjournments, - - - _ 6, 
Aldermen, names and residences, 

Vacancies in, - 

No choice of, - - - - 

Standing Committees of, 

Chairman of, - 

Appropriations, annual, _ - . 

Additions to, - - - - 

Transfers of, - - - - 

Amendments of motion, _ - - 

of Questions, - - - - 

of iiules and Orders, 

Appeal to Council, - - - . 

Accounts, Committee on, _ - - 

County, Committee on, - 

Assessors, duties of, - - - - 
Assessors' Department, Committee on. 

Assessors, and how chosen, &c. - 

Assistant, . - - . 

Auditor of Accounts, - - - - 

Assay Master, - _ - - _ 

Advertising, &c., - . _ - - 



10,17 

89 
25 
95 
95 
24 
f> 
6 
6 
10 
10 
14 
11 
93 
95 
45 
92 
96 
96 
96 
77 
101) 



B 



By-Laws, titles to, . _ - _ 6 

Ballot, election by, _ - _ - jg 
Buildings, Public, 

Committee on, - - - - 93 

Superintendent of, - - - 101 
Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 

Boston Harbor, Committee on, ^ . 93 

Bridges, Committee on, - - - - 95 

Superintendents of, - - 102 

Bells and Clocks, Committee on, - - 95 

Board of Accounts, - - - . 97 

Bark, &c., Measurers of, _ . - ]03 

Boats, &c.. Weighers of, - - - 108 

Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, - - - 108 

Business, Order of, - _ _ _ ]3 

Boston, City of, Act concerning, - - 48 



C 



CochituateAVater Board, . - - HO 
Committees, ------ 3 

not to act separately, - - 6 

Joint records and reports of, 6, 7, 16 

time allowed for reporting, 6j 16 

Powers and Duties, - - 15 

Conference, . _ . . 5 

Joint Standing, - - -3,92 

Number of Members, _ _ 15 



Committees, 

How appointed, . - - 3, 11 

not to purchase, &c., - - 60 

not to approve certain bills, - 7 

of the Whole, - - -9,15 

Standliig, how appointed, - 3,15 

when not to sit, - - - 15 

Chairman of, - - - -5,15 

chosen by ballot, - - . 3 

Chairman of, pro tem., - - 15 

Special, ----- ]5 

Notice of meetings, - - - 16 

when to report, - - - 15 

of Board or Aldermen, - - 95 

Claims, ------- 5 

Committee on, - - - - 92 

Clerks, ------- 91 

Chairmen of Committees, - - - 15 

not to approve certain bills, - 7 

of Board of Aldermen, - - 24 

City Charter, ----- 19 

City Debt, amount of, _ - - - 139 

vote to increase, _ - - 6 

Committee on, - - - 5, 92 

Communications, &c., - - - 14 

Clerk of Council, duties, - - - 16 

Coaches, Superintendent of, - - - 98 

County Commissioners, - - - 30 

City Officers, times of choice, - - 144 

not to sell, &c., - - - 60 

City Council, powers of, - - - 39 

may hold other offices, - - 40 

City Physician, - - - - - 100 

how chosen, - - - - 25 

Common Council, members of, - - 28, 89 

how chosen, - - - - 25 

rules of, - - - - - 9 

City Council, former members - - 150 

Cemeteries, Committee on, - - - 95 

Coroners, ------ 97 

Conferences, ------ 5 

Contracts, - - - - - - 7, 60 

Contractors, Committees not to be, - 60 

City Clerk, Salary, &c., - - - 91 

County Accounts, Committee on, - 95 

Buildings,- - - - - 49 

Common, &c.. Committee on, - - 95 

Superintendent of, - - - 102 

Constables, - - - - - - 40, 98 

Clocks, &c., Committee on, - - - 95 

Court House. Keeper of, - - - 102 

Cullers of Fish, 108 

Hoops, &c., - - - - 108 

City Crier, ------ 108 

Charitable Institutions, - - - 108 

Consultine Phvsicians, - - - - 100 

Chief of Police", - - - . 71,97 



190 



INDEX. 



Debt, City, . - - - 

increase of, 

reduction of, 

Committee on, - 
Deaths, registry of, 
Division of Questions, - 
Drains, &c., Superintendent of, 

Committee on, - 
Decorum of Members, - 

Members, - - - 
Doubted Votes, - _ . 

Dogs, 

Disagreement of two Boards, 
Deputy Collectors, 

E 



- 139 

6 
5 

- 5, m 

- 100 

13 

- 101 

95 
11 
II 

- 9, 13 

81 
5 
96 



Excuses for not voting, - - - 12 

Enrolment of Ordinances, Committee on, 4, 93 



Expenditures, orders for. 

Elections by ballot. 

Returns, - - - 
Time of, - . - 
of City Officers, Times, 
Committee on. 

External Healtli, Committee on. 

Engines, officers and members, 

Engineer, City, . - - 
Assistant do. 

Engineers, pay, &c. 

Estates, valuation of. 



6, 16 
16 
46 
90 
144 
15,94 
95 
103 
110 
110 
103 
139 



Fuel, Committee on, - - - - 99 

Finance, Committee on, - - - 92 

Furnaces, &c., do. - - - - 95 

Faneuil Hall Market, - - - - 70, 72 

Superintendent of, (vide Market), 102 

Fire Department, ----- 102 

Committee on, - - - - 95 

Officers of, . - - . 103 

Ordinance, - - - - 61, 86 

Fire Alarms, - « - - - 4, 103 

Committee, - - - - 93 

Fence Viewers, ----- 108 

Field Drivers, - - ... 108 

Further time to report, . - - 16 

Fish, Cullers of, - .... 108 

Funeral Undertakers, . • . . loi 



General Meetings, 
Government, City, 



H 



Harbor of Boston, Committee on. 

Master, - . - 
House of Correction, 

Overseers, &c., of, - 
Reformation, - 
Industry, &c., - 
Hard Lumber, Surveyors of. 
Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of. 
Health Department, 

Board of, - - - 
Hay Weighers, - - - 
Hay, Inspection of. 
Highways, Surveyors of. 
Hoops and Staves, Cullers, - 



Internal Health, Committee on, 
Industry, House of. 



93 
103 

44 
109 
108 
108 
107 
109 
100 

33 
1118 
108 
101 
108 



95 

108 



Instruction, Public, Committee on, - 93 

Inspectors of Prisons, - - - - 97 

Interment of Dead, . - _ . loo 

Indefinite Postponement, - - - 10 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 

Island, Committee on, - - 93 



Jail, Committee on, 
Joint Rules and Orders, 
Joint Standing Committees, - 

how composed, 

records to be kept, - 

Chairman of, 

reports of, 
Jailor, Deputy, - . - 
Justices, Police Court, - 



95 
3 

92 
5 
6 
5 
7 

97 

97 



Laws, recent, . . - - . 40 

Lunatic Hospital, Act, - - - - 44 

Ordinance, - - - - 69 

Visitors, - . - - lii9 

Laying on the Table, - - - - 10 

Licenses, - . - - - 29 

Committee on, . . - - 95 

Lands, Public, Committee on, - - 94 

Superintendent of, - - - 102 

Lamps, number of, &c., . - . 102 

Committee on, - - - - 95 

Superintendent Qf, - - - 102 

Lumber, Survey of, - . - - 72 

Surveyors of, - - - - 107 

Lighters, - - . . . - 8J 

Lime, Inspectors of, - - - - 1J7 

Leatiier, Measurer of, - - - - 107 

Library, Public, Committee on, - 94, 80 

Statute, - - - - . 43 

Ordinance, ... - 80 

Trustees, ----- 111 



M 



Marble, Act concerning, - - - 41 
Motions to be in writing, - - - 13 
withdrawn, - - - - 10 
Members, rights and duties of, - - 11 
Members, not to speak more than twice, 11 
not to stand up, - - - 12 
not to be interrupted, - - 12 
not to be on more than two Com- 
mittees, ----- 12 
not to be named, . . _ 14 
all to vote, - - - - 12 
two or more rising, - - - 11 
interested, _ . - - ]2 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - - - 27, 89 

duties, 29 

messages to, - - - - J7 

Mayor, vacancy, - - - - £2, 21, 23 

no choice of, - - - - 5 

election of, - . _ . 5, 21 

decease of, F- - - - 22 

duties of, - - - - 27 

compensation, - - - - 28 

Main question, - .... id 

iMemorials, &c., _ - - - 14 

Market, Committee on, - - - - 95 

Superintendent and assistants of, li'2 

Mahogany, &.C., Surveyors of, - - lo7 

Municipal Court, Officers of, . - 97 

Messenger to City Council, - - - 79, 91 

Meetings of Committees, notice of, - 15 

Marriages, &c.. Registry of, - - - 100 

Measurers of Wood, Buik, &c. - - 108 

Municipal Vear, ----- 2C 



INDEX. 



191 



N 

Notice to Committees, . - - - 15 
Newspapers taken by City, - - - 100 

No debate, 10, 1-2 

Nonconcurrence, ----- 6 



Oaths of Office, - - - 


. 


- 


24 


Order of business, . - - 


- 


- 


J3 


Orders, titles of, - 


. 


. 


tl 


to have two readings, 


_ 


- 


16 


Ordinances, titles of. 


. 


- 


tj 


reading of, 


- 


- 


10 


Committee on, - 


- 


- 


93 


Overseers of the Poor, - 


. 


■S3 


110 


Oak Lumber, &c., Surveyors of, 


- 


- 


107 


Order, questions of, 


- 


- 


10 


Officers, election of, time, &c., 


- 


- 


144 


not to sell, &c., 


_ 


. 


60 


Orators of Boston, - - - 


- 


- 


145 



of, 



Primary Schools, - - - 
Police Department, 

Committee on, 

Court, - - - 

Day, - - - 

Paving, &c.. Committee on, - 
Prisons, Inspectors of, - 
Physicians, Port, and City, - 

Consulting, 
Priority of Business, 
Pound Keepers, . . . 
Personal Estate, valuation of, 
Population of the City, . 
President of the Council, 

Rights and dutie; 

Absence of, . 

Substitution of, , 

to call to order, . 
Previous Question, 
Public Buildings, Superintendent 

Committee on, . 
Public Lands, 

Superintendent of, . 

Committee on, 

squares, &c, 

advertising. 
Poor, Overseers, of. 
Personalities, 
Postponement 
Petitions, &c, 
Printing, &c., Committee on. 
Public Instruction, Committee on 



- 119 

- 42,71,91, 
95 
97 
98 

- - 95 
97 

- 100 
100 

13 
108 
139 
140 



of, 




10, 12 
11 
9 
H 
11 
101 
93 

103 
94 
82 

100 
33 
11 
10 
14 
94 
93 



Questions propounded, . 


10 


Under debate, . 


10 


Questions of order. 


10 


Questions, Divisions of, 


13 


Laying on the Table, 


10 


Quarantine Boat Captain, 


. lou 



R 



Rules and Orders, . . . , 

Joint, 

Common Council, 
Suspension of, . 
Repeal or amendment of, 
Breach of, . . . . 

Reduction City Debt, 

Committee on, . 

Resolves, what are, 



3,9 
3 
9 
14 
14 
12 

92 
6 



Records of Committees, 
Reports, Clerks to make copies, 

to be in writing. 

Joint, 

agreed to by Committee, 

time allowed. 
Reconsideration, . . . 
Reading of papers, . 
Real Estate, valuation of. 
Reference of questions, . 
Recommitment, 
Reformation, House of, . 
Registrar, ('ity. 

Water, 
Registry of Births, &c., . 



Transfers of Appropriations, 
Times and suras, votes on. 

Taxes, 

Treasury Department,^ . 

Committee on, . 
Titles to ordinances, &c., 
Trucks, &c.. Superintendent of, 
Two thirds vote, 

members rising, 

readings, 
Truants, 



U 

Undertakers, . . . , 
Upper Leatlier, Measurer of, 



Votes, one fifth, 

two thirds, 



6 

7 

7 

7 

7,15 

7 

12 

14, 15 

139 

13 

13 

108 

100 

110 

100 



Standing Committees, 




Joint, 


3,92 


how chosent 


U 


Members of, ... . 


93 


Chairman of, ... . 


5,15 


Meetings, how called. 


16 


of Mayor and Aldermen, . 


95 


to keep records' , . 


6 


Sums, and times, votes on, . 


10 


Suspension of Rules, &c., 


14 


Striking out, - . . . . 


13 


Seats of Members, . • . . 


14 


Special Committees, 


15 


Sewers and Drains, 




Committee on, . 


95 


Superintendent of. ', 


101 


Salaried Otiicers, how chosen. 


16 


Solicitor, City, - . . . 


96 


Steam Engines, .... 


. 45, 48 


Committee on, .... 


95 


Streets and Ways, Committee on, 


95 


how laid out, . . . 


49 


Superintendent of, . 


, 101 


Surveyors of Highways, 


30, 101 


Staves, &c., cullers of, &c., . 


. 108 


Seal of City, 


38 


Sheriffs, &c., 


97 


Select Committees, 


15 


Substitution of President, 


9 


Sealers of Weights and Measures, 


. 108 


State Prison, water for, . 


51 


Schools, ...... 


81 


Committee, . . .| 


34, 119 


Vacancies, 


43 


Instructors, . . . 


. 114 


Primary, 


. 119 


Expenses of, . . . 


. 140 


Superintendent, 


. 119 


Attendance at, |. 


47 



6 
10 

51, 136 
96 
94 
6 
98 
14 
U 
15 
51,71 



101 

108 



192 



INDEX. 



Votes, 

doubted, 

of all required, . . 
Voters, qualified, 
Violation of Rules and Orders, 
Vacancies in School Committee, 

iu Ward Offices, 



W 



9,13 
12 

2G, 3G 
12 
43 

42 



Water Department,' 


99,110 


Registrar, . 


. 1111 


Committee on, . 


94 


Act, .... 


41 


Ordinance, 


7i) 


Rates, 


44, 60 83 


Ward Offlcers, 


42, 130 


Officers, duties of, 


. 37 


Meetings, . 


37 



Ward Officers, 

Rooms, 135 

Warden, power and duties, . . 20,21 

Wards, ISoundaries, . . . 133 

Officers, attending, ... 99 

Widening streets, Committee on, . . 95 

Watch Department, .... 99 
Watch and Police, 

Committee on, .... 95 

Wood, &c., Measurers of, . . . 1(J8 
Weights and Aleasures, 

Sealers of, 108 

Withdrawing motions, .... 30 

Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 98 
Weighers and Measurers, . . .108 



Yeas and Nays, ..... 10