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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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MUNICIPAL REGISTER: 



CONTAINING TUE 



CITY CHARTER AND RECENT ORDINANCES, 
RULES AND OIIDERS 

OF THE 

CITY COUNCIL, 

AND A 

LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF THE CITY OF BOSTON, 

FOR 

18 5 4. 




18 5 4. 

J. H. EASTBUKN, CITY PRINTER. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

I. By an act of the legislature of Massachusetts, passed (Corporate name 

•^ '-' '^ and jjeiieral 

on the twenty-third day of February, eighteen hundred and ^'^^^m § i 
twenty-two, it was provided that the inhabitants of the 
town of Boston for all purposes, for which towns were by 
law incorporated in this commonwealth, should continue to 
be one body politic, in fact and in name, under the style 
and denomination of the City of Boston, and as such should 
have, exercise and enjoy, all the rights, immunities, powers 
and privileges, and should be subject to all the duties and 
obligations, then incumbent upon and appertaining to said 
town, as a municipal corporation. The legislature reserved Power to amend 
the right to amend or alter this act whenever they might ibid, § 3j. * 
deem it expedient ; and it was to be void unless the inhab- to be adopted by 
itants of the town at a legal meeting should determine to ihid^vs:)^"" 
adopt the same within twelve days. It was adopted on the voT lo, p'^457. ' 
fourth day of March in the same year, and the town imme- "^ " ^'^' 
diately became a city. ^ 

II. The administration of all the fiscal, prudential, and fin- council and 

.., „, . -Ill -I other tiiy offi- 

mumcipal concerns of the city, with the conduct and i2;ov- cers. 

. ... i!;2i, 110, f, 1. 

ernment thereof, is vested in one principal officer, to be 

styled the mayor, one select council, consisting of eight per- 

. sons, to be denominated the board of aldermen, and one 

more numerous council to consist of forty-eight persons, to 

be denominated the common council ; which boards in their 

joint capacity are denominated the city council — together 

with such other boards of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

III. By the second section of the city charter it was Division into 
made the duty of the selectmen of Boston, as soon as might isa^i.^noVT^-' 
be after the passing of the act, to cause a new division of 

the town to be made into twelve wards, in such manner as 
to include an equal number of inhabitants in each ward, as 
nearly as conveniently might be, consistently with well de- 
fined limits ; including, in such computation of numbers of 



4 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

inhabitants, persons of all descriptions, and taking the last 
census, made under the authority of the United States, as 
a basis for such computation. Power was given to the city 
council, from time to time, not oftener than once in ten 
years, to alter such divisions of wards, in such manner as 
Each ward to in- to prcservc as nearly as might be, an equal number of ia- 
numbei- of habitants in each ward. This last provision has recently 

voters. 

1850, 167, § 1. been amended, to the effect, that the division of the city 
council, April iuto wards is to be so made as to include an equal number 

29, 185U. City n i i ^ • t i 

Records, vol. 28, 01 legal voters m each ward. 

p. 160.) "^ 

Annual Munici- IV. On the sccoud Monday of December annually, the 
1821, iiu, §3, citizens qualified to vote in city affairs are required to meet 

1824, 49, $ 1. ... . . 

(Adopted by the withiu their respective wards, at such time and place as the 

inhabitants, Feb. i ii in- i t i i 

25, 1825. Boston mayor and aldermen may by their warrant direct and ap- 
p.5()5.) ' " ' point ; and the said citizens shall then choose by ballot one 
Warden and wardcu and One clerk, who shall be resident in said ward. 

Clerk '' 

who shall hold their offices for one year, and until others 

are appointed in their stead. It shall be the duty of the 

warden to preside at all meetings of the citizens of the ward 

and to preserve order therein. It shall be the duty of the 

clerk to make a fq^r and true record, and keep an exact 

journal of all the acts and votes of the citizens, at the ward 

meetings ; to deliver over such records and journals, together 

with all other documents and papers held by him, in his said 

capacity, to his successor in ofiice. In case of the absence 

Absence of war- of the Warden at the opening of any annual meeting it shall 

cars. be the duty of the clerk to call the citizens to order and 

preside until a warden is chosen by ballot.^ If at any other 

meeting the warden be absent, the clerk is to preside until 

a moderator or warden ^ro tempore shall be chosen, which 

may be done by nomination and hand vote if the clerk so 

jAdVt'edbycity cli^^ct. The act of 1845, ch. 217, § 3, provides, however, 

council, Oct. 6, that in case of the absence of any or either of the ward 

184o City Re- -^ 

'^"406 r'' ^^' officers at any meeting, for elections, or other purposes, such 
office may be fi.lled pro tempore, by the legal voters present, 

1 This was the original provision in the charter, but the fair inference 
from the act of 1845, ch. 217, ^ 3, which is incorporated in the text, is, 
that any ward office in case of absence may be filled pro tempore, by nomi- 
nation and hand vote, if the voters present so determine. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. O 

which may be done by nomination and hand votes, if the 

voters present so determine. At the same meeting five inopectoM. 

inspectors of elections are to be chosen for the ward, being 

residents therein, by ballot, to hold their ofiices for one 

year. It shall be the duty of the warden and inspectors in 

each ward, to receive, sort, count, and declare all votes, at 

all elections within such ward. And the warden, clerk, and warden, cierk, 

. , 1 11 !• 1 1 1 J.1 ''"d iiispectorB, 

mspectors, so chosen, shall respectively be under oatn, to be under oath, 
faithfully and impartially to discharge their several duties, 
relative to all elections ; which oath may be administei-ed 
by the clerk of such ward, to the warden, and by the latter 
to the clerk and inspectors, or by any justice of the peace 
of the county of Suffolk ; and a certificate of such oath's 
havine; been administered shall be entered in the record or 
journal, to be kept by the clerk of such ward. 

V. The warden, or other presiding ofiicer of a ward Power of war- 
meetino;, shall have full power and authority to preserve order" ^'^^^""^ 

I J^O 111054 

order and decorum therein, and to repress all riotous, tu- ~ ' ' ' 
multuous, and disorderly conduct therein, and for that pur- 
pose call to his aid any constable, or other peace ofiicer, 
and also to command the aid and assistance of any citizen 
or citizens, who may be present : and any peace ofi&cer, or 
other citizen, neglecting or refusing to afford such aid, shall 
be taken and deemed to be guilty of a misdemeanor. The 
warden shall also have power and authority, by warrant, 
under his hand, to cause any person or persons who shall 
be guilty of any riotous, tumultuous, or disorderly conduct 
at such meeting, to be taken into custody, and restrained : 
Provided, lioivever, that such restraint shall not continue Provisoeg, 
after the adjournment or dissolution of such meeting : And 
Provided, further, that the person, so guilty of such disor- 
derly conduct, shall be liable, notwithstanding such restraint, 
to be prosecuted and punished, in the same manner, as if 
such arrest had not been made. 

VI. The citizens qualified to vote in city affairs, at their Election of 
respective ward meetings, to be held on the second Monday i'bid,"^'5. 

in December annually, shall be called upon to give in their (Ad^opteV'bv in- 
votes for one able and discreet person, being an inhabitant !;5,''i8o"|*'Bos,on 
of the city, to be mayor of said city, for the term of one p^^^^f' ''°'" ^*^' 

R. S. 4, $ liJ. 



6 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

year. And all the votes so given in, in eacli ward, being 
sorted, counted, and declared bj the warden and inspectors 
of elections, shall be recorded at large, by the clerk, in 
open ward meeting : and in making such declaration and 
record, the whole number of votes or ballots, given in, shall 
be distinctly stated, together with the name of every person 
voted for, and the number of votes given for each person 
respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in words at 
length : and a transcript of such record, certified and au- 
thenticated by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors of elections for each ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by such ward clerk, to the clerk of 
the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk, forth- 
with to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, upon the 
journal of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
some other book to be kept for that purpose. And it shall 
be the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together 
within two days after such election, and to examine and 
compare all the said returns, and to ascertain whether any 
person has a majority of all the votes given for mayor ; and 
in case a majority is so given, it shall be their duty to give 
notice thereof, in writing, to the person thus elected, and 
also to make the same known to the inhabitants of said city. 
No choice. But if, ou such Said examination no person appears to have 
a majority of all the votes given for mayor, the mayor and 
aldermen for the time being, shall issue their warrants for 
meetings of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, 
at such time and place, as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had in all respects, as 
are herein before directed, until a mayor shall be chosen by 
Decease, inabiii- a majority of all the voters voting at such elections. And 
mayor. in caso of the decease, inability, or absence of the mayor, 

and the same being declared and a vote passed by the 
aldermen and common council, respectively, declaring such 
cause and the expediency of electing a mayor, for the time 
being, to supply the vacancy thus occasioned, it shall be 
lawful for the aldermen and common council to meet in con- 
vention, and elect a mayor to hold the said office until suck 
occasion shall be removed, or until a new election. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 7 

VII. Whenever, on examinatiori by the mayor and al- Procccdingg in 

. _ . „ , ca^e of nil choice 

dermen ot the returns or votes given for mayor at the meet- "i mayor heiore 
ing of the wards holden for the purpose of electing that "'.cntofihemu- 
officer, last nrcceding the first Monday of January, in each 's-W?, ^ i.' 

, M , , . • ^ „ , (Aflopledhyciti- 

year, no person shall appear to have a majority of all the /ens, j»ne lo, 
votes given for major, the mayor and aldermen, by whom Kecor<is, voi. lo, 
such examination is made, shall make a record of that fact, 
an attested copy of which it shall be the duty of the city 
clerk to produce and read, on the first Monday of January, 
in the presence of the members returned to serve as alder- 
men and common councilmen ; and thereupon the oaths 
prescribed by law may be administered to the members 
elect by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial 
court, or any judge of any court of record holden in said 
city, or by any justice of the peace for the county of Suffolk ; 
and thereupon the members of the board of aldermen shall 
proceed to elect a chairman, and the common council a 
president, in their respective chambers, and being respect- 
ively organized, shall proceed to business in the same man- 
ner as provided in the seventeenth section below, in case 
of the absence of the mayor : — and the board of aldermen 
shall forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of the citi- 
zens of the respective wards, for the choice of a mayor, at 
such time and place as they shall judge most convenient ; 
and the same proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as 
are directed in and by the provisions of the preceding sec- 
tion and repeated from time to time, until a mayor shall be 
chosen, by a majority of all the voters voting at such elec- 
tions. 

Yin. In case any person elected mayor of the city Refusal of may- 
shall refuse to accept the office, the same proceedings shall "sallf " '^T"*" 
be had in all respects, as are hereinbefore directed in cases "^"'' 
wherein there has been no choice of mayor, until a mayor 
be chosen by a majority of votes. And in case of the una- Absence of May- 
voidable absence by sickness or otherwise, of the mayor ""^ ®'^'^'' 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the city government 
shall organize itself in the mode herein before provided, 
and may proceed to business in the same manner as if the 
mavor were present. 



8 CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 

Proceedings in IX. Whenever it shall appear by the regular returns 

case no mayor is x i ^ o 

chosen, or a full of the elections of the city officers, that a mayor has not 

board of alder- ^ 7 ./ 

men is not jjeen chosen, or that a full board of aldermen has not been 

elected. ' 

1845, 217, §1. elected, such of the board of aldermen, whether they con- 

( Adopted by city ' ' in 

council, Oct 6, stituto a Quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall 

1845. City Re- . . ^ • 1 f. <. 1 i • f> 

cords, vol. 23, p. issuo their warrant, m usual form, for the election of a 
major, or such members of the board of aldermen as may 
be necessary, and the same proceedings shall be had and 
repeated, until the election of a mayor and aldermen shall 
be completed, and all vacancies be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a mayor nor any alderman shall be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, and after 
the powers of the former mayor, and mayor and aldermen, 

In case neither shall havo ceascd, it shall be the duty of the president of 

a mayor nor any ., . , . . , 

alderman is the common council, to issuo liis v/arraut, m the same man- 
ner as the board of aldermen would have done, if elected, 
and the same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor, or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Who is to dis- X. In casc of the non-election of a mayor, the chair- 
duties when no man of the board of aldermen shall discharge all the duties 

mayor is elected. . r>i- •iiii- 

1845, 217, % 4. incumbent on the mayor oi the city, prescribed by the city 
charter, or any other law, or any ordinance of the city, 
which now or hereafter may be required of him, until a 
mayor shall be chosen and duly sworn to the discharge of 
his duties ; and such chairman, with the board of aldermen, 
shall discharge all the duties incumbent on the mayor and 
aldermen. 

Election of ai- XI. The citizons in their respective ward meetings, to 
i«2i, no, $6. be held on the second Monday of December, annually, shall 

1824, 49, § 1. ... . '' ' 

(Adopted byciti- bc Called upou to givc in their votes for eight persons, be- 
1825.' Boston iug inhabitants of said city, to constitute the board of alder- 
p. 5D5.) ' ' ' men, for the ensuing year ; and all the votes so given, be- 
ing sorted, counted, and declared by the warden and in- 
spectors shall be recorded at large by the clerk, in open 
ward meeting ; and in making such declaration and record, 
the whole number of votes or ballots given in shall be par- 
ticularly stated, together with the name of every person 
voted for, and the number of votes given for each person ; 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 9 

and a transcript of sucli record, certified bj the warden, 
and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of each ward, 
shall, hy the said clerk, within two days, be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings shall be had, 
to ascertain and determine the persons chosen as aldermen, 
as are hereinbefore directed in regard to the choice of 
mayor, and for a new election, in case of the whole number 
required not being chosen at the first election. And each 
alderman, so chosen, shall be duly notified in writing of his 
election by the mayor and aldermen for the time being. 

XII. In case of the death or resignation of any mem- n.j|^|]n''Jf'aTdcr 
ber of the board of aldermen, the citizens of Boston shall ',^^,4-28 50. 
have power to fill such vacancy, at any regular meeting 

that may thereafter be convened for that purpose. 

XIII. Whenever it shall appear to the mayor and al- ^^''J'^^o,^- J,je,. 
dermen, that there is a vacancy in either the board of al- me"- 9p"'™"" 

' -^^ _ council, or other 

dermen, or in the common council, or in any of the city or "^S^?^,^ 52 
ward offices, it shall be the duty of the mayor and alder- (Accepted by 

' _ . . city council, Oct. 

men to issue their warrant for elections, in due form, to fill e, i845. cityRe- 

' _ ' cords, vol. 03, p. 

all such vacancies in each and all of the said boards and 406.) 
offices, at such time and place as in their judgment may be 
deemed advisable. 

XIV. The citizens of each ward, qualified to vote as Election of com- 

„ ., ,. . . 11T1 '"°" council. 

atoresaid, at their respective ward meetings, to be held on issi. 110,^7. 

o ' ISO4 4Q f^ I 

the second Monday of December annually, shall be called (A~dopifd by citi- 

,, . „ p ,, IT zens, Feb. 05, 

upon to give in their votes tor tour able and discreet men, isos u..sion Re- 
being inhabitants of said ward, to be members of the com- 505.) ' 
mon council ; and all the votes given in as aforesaid, in 
each ward, being sorted, counted, and declared by the war- 
den and inspectors, if it appear that four persons have a 
majority of all the votes given at such election, a public 
declaration thereof, with the names of the persons so chosen, 
shall be made in open ward meeting, and the same shall be 
entered at large, by the clerk of such ward, in his journal, 
stating particularly the whole number of votes given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, vand the number actu- 
ally given for each of the persons, so declared to be chosen. 



10 



CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 



No choice. But, in case four persons, are not chosen at the first ballot^ 
a new ballot shall be opened for a number of common coun^ 
oilmen, sufficient to complete the number of four ; and the 
same proceedings shall be had, as before directed, until the 
number of four shall be dulj chosen. Provided, however^ 
that if the said elections cannot conveniently be completed 

Adjournment, on such daj, the Same may be adjourned to another day, 
for that purpose, not longer distant than three days. 

Certificate of And cach of the persons so chosen as a member of the 

elections. , , ^ 

common council, in each ward, shall, within two days of his 
election, be furnished with a certificate thereof, signed by 
the warden, clerk and a majority of the inspectors of such 
ward; which certificate shall be presumptive evidence of 
the title of such person to a seat in the common council ; 
Council shall de- but such couucil, howevor, shall have authority to decide 

cide questions ■< - ^ . 

of elections, &c. ultimately upon all questions relative to the qualifications, 
elections, and returns of its* members. 



auaiifications of XV. Evorv male citizen of twenty-one years of age and 

voters at muni- '' , "^ •' " 

cipai elections, upwards, exccptmg paupers, and persons under guardian- 
1821,110, 5 8. ship, who shall have resided within the commonwealth one 
year and within the city six months next preceding any 
meeting of citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid by himself 
or his parent, master, or guardian, any state or county tax, 
which, within two years next preceding such meeting, shall 
have been assessed upon him, in any town or district in 
this commonwealth, and also every citizen who shall be by 
law, exempted from taxation, and who shall be in all other 
respects qualified as above mentioned, shall have a right to 
vote at such meeting, and no other person shall be entitled 
to vote at such meeting. 

Commencement XVI. The mayor, aldermen, and common councilmen, 

of municipal p •'-i i ^^ ^ t • r> 

year. choscu as aforcsaid, shall enter on the duties of their re- 

18-31, 110, § 9. . 

1824, 49, '($2. spective offices on the first Monday of January, and before 

(Adopted by citi- ^ ,11,- n , 1 • re 1 11 .• i i 

zens, Feb. 35, enterms; on the duties oi their offices, shall respectively be 

] 8-2-2. Boston . . i. J 

Records, vol.10, swom, by taking the oath of allegiance and oath of office, 

p. 605.) ' 7 t/ o o 7 

prescribed in the constitution of this commonwealth, and an 
Oath of office, oath to support the constitution of the United States. And 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 11 

such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, by any 
one of the justices of the supreme judicial court or any 
judge of any court of record, commissioned to hold any such 
court within the said city, or by any justice of the peace 
for the county of Suffolk. And such oaths shall and may 
be administered to the aldermen and members of the com- 
mon council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn as 
aforesaid ; and a certificate of such oaths having been taken 
shall be entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council, respectively by their respective 
clerks.^ 

XVII. The mayor and aldermen, thus chosen and quali- Mayer and aider- 
fied, shall compose one board, and shall sit and act together one board, 
as one body at all meetings, of which the mayor, if present, see aiso js^is,' 
shall preside ; but in his absence, the board may elect a 1846, so. 
chairman, for the time being.* The said board, together 
with the common council, in convention, shall have power 
to choose a clerk, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- C'ty cierk. 
charge of the duties of his office, who shall be chosen for 
the term of one year, and until another person is duly 
chosen to succeed him ; removable, however, at the pleasure 
of the mayor and aldermen ; who shall be denominated the 
clerk of the city, and whose duty it shall be to keep a jour- His powers and 
nal of the acts and proceedings of the said board, composed 
of the mayor and aldermen ; to sign all warrants issued by 
them, and to do such other acts in his said capacity, as 
may, lawfully and reasonably, be required of him ; and to 
deliver ov^r all journals, books, papers, and documents en- 
trusted to him as such clerk, to his successor in office, im- 
mediately upon such successor being chosen and qualified 
as aforesaid, or whenever he may be thereto required by 
the said mayor and aldermen. And the city clerk thus 

1 The statute of 1824, c. 49, § 2, cited in the margin of § xti in the text 
provides that all the officers chosen on the second Monday of December 
by virtue of said act, shall enter on the duties of their respective offices on 
the first Monday of January in each year. This provision includes not 
only the mayor, aldermen and common councilmen, but also the wardens, 
clerks of the wards, inspectors of elections, overseers of the poor and 
school committee. 



duties. 



12 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



chosen and qualified, shall have all the powers, and perform 
all the duties belonging at the time of the act of incorpora- 
tion, to the town clerk of the town of Boston, as if the same 
were particularly and fully enumerated, except in cases 
where it is otherwise expressly provided. 



Common coun- 
cil a separate 
body. 
1821,110,^11. 



President. 



Clerk. 



Sittings to be 
public. 



Quorum. 



XYIII. The persons so chosen and qualified, as mem- 
bers of the common council of the said city, shall sit and 
act together as a separate body, distinct from that of the 
mayor and aldermen, except in those cases in which the 
two bodies are to meet in convention ; and the said council 
shall have power, from time to time, to choose one of their 
own members to preside over their deliberations, and to 
preserve order therein, and also to choose a clerk, who shall 
be under oath faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, 
who shall hold such office, during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and whose duty it shall be to attend said council, when 
the same is in session, to keep a journal of its acts, votes, 
and proceedings, and to perform such other services, in said 
capacity, as said council may require. All sittings of the 
common council shall be public ; also all sittings of the 
mayor and aldermen, when they are not engaged in execu- 
tive business. Twenty five members of the common coun- 
cil shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 



Compensation 
of the mayor. 
1821, 110, §12 



His powers and 

duties. 



XIX. The mayor of the said city, thus chosen and 
qualified, shall be taken and deemed to be the chief execu- 
tive officer of said corporation ; and he shall be compen- 
sated for his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board 
of aldermen and common council, in city council convenedy 
payable at stated periods ; which salary shall not exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars annually, and he shall re- 
ceive no other compensation or emoluments whatever ; and 
no regulations enlarging or diminishing such compensation 
shall be made, to take effect until the expiration of the year, 
for which the mayor then in office, shall have been elected. 
And it shall be the duty of the mayor to be vigilant and 
active at all times, in causing the laws for the government 
of said city to be duly executed and put in force ; to inspect 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 13 

the conduct of all subordinate officers in the government 
thereof, and as far as in his power to cause all negligence, 
carelessness, and positive violation of duty to be duly prose- 
cuted and punished. Ho shall have power, whenever in 
his judgment, the good of said city may require it, to sum- 
mon meetings of the board of aldermen and common council, 
or either of them, although the meeting of said boards, or 
either of them may stand adjourned to a more distant day. 
And it shall be the duty of the mayor, from time to time, 
to communicate to both branches of the city council all such 
information, and recommend all such measures as may tend 
to the improvement of the finances, the police, health, se- 
curity, cleanliness, comfort, and ornament of the said city. 

XX. The administration of police together with the ex- Powers and du- 
ecutive powers of the said corporation generally, together and aidernien. 
also with all the powers heretofore vested in the selectmen is-sjfiG'repe'ai- 
of the town of Boston, either by the general law^s of this I Mete. 220. 
commonwealth, by particular laws relative to the powers 

and duties of said selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by- 
laws of said town, are vested in the mayor and aldermen, 
as hereby constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. 

XXI. The mayor and aldermen shall have power to May license 
license all theatrical exhibitions, and all public shows, and biTionT &" "' 
all exhibitions of whatever name or nature, to which admis- But see 1849, 231, 
sion is obtained on payment of money, on such terms and 9 r'icit. 415. 
conditions as to them may seem just and reasonable ; and 

to regulate the same, from time to time, in such manner as 
to them may appear necessary to preserve order and deco- 
rum, and to prevent interruption of peace and quiet. And 
any person or persons who shall set forth, establish, or pro- 
mote any such exhibition or show, or publish, or advertise 
the same, or otherwise aid or assist therein, without a Hcense 
so obtained as aforesaid, or contrary to the terms or condi- 
tions of such license, or whilst the same is suspended, or 
after the same is revoked by said mayor and aldermen, shall 



14 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



be liable to such forfeiture, as the city council may, by any 
by-law made for that purpose, prescribe.^ 

May be chosen XXII. The city couucil havo the power and authority 
highways. of electing, if they see fit, the mayor and aldermen, survey- 
ors of highways for the city. 

May have the XXIII. In the countv of Suffolk, the mayor and alder- 

powersof county „ . . f. -r> in • i • n • i -l ^ 

commissioners men 01 the City 01 Joostou shail, withm the said city, nave 
K. s. 24, $54. the like powers and perform the like duties, as are exer- 
cised and performed by the commissioners of other counties, 
saving to any party aggrieved the right of trial by jury in 
the court of common pleas, in cases of laying out, alter-^ 
Ibid,' i4, §29. ing and discontinuing of ways, and assessing damages 
therefor i 



Powers of city 
council. 
1821, l.O, §15. 



By-laws. 



Provisoes. 



Assessment of 
taxes. 



XXIV. All other powers by law vested, at the time of 
the act of incorporation, in the town of Boston, or in the 
inhabitants thereof, as a municipal corporation, are vested 
in the mayor and aldermen, and common council of the said 
city to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board, as 
hereby constituted, having a negative upon the other. 
More especially they shall have power to make all such 
needful and salutary by-laws, as towns by the laws of this 
commonwealth have power to make and establish, and to 
annex penalties, not exceeding twenty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws shall take effect and be in force from 
and after the times therein respectively limited, without the 
sanction or confirmation of any court, or other authority 
whatsoever : Provided, that such by-laws shall not be repug- 
nant to the constitution and laws of this commonwealth ; ^ 
And provided also, that the same shall be liable to be an- 
nulled by the legislature thereof. The said city council 
shall also have power, from time to time, to lay and assess 
taxes for all purposes, for which towns are by law required 



1 This section appears to be superseded by stat. 1849, c. 231. See 
Amusements. 

2 For general powers of city councils to make by laws, see Ordinances, 
and By-laws. See also stat. 184-7, c. 262. 



taxes. 



Assessors to be 
chosen. 



CITY CnARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 15 

or authorized to assess and grant money,^ and also for all '822, 85. 
purposes, for which county taxes may be levied and assessed 
so lonK as the town of Chelsea shall not be liable to taxation 
therefor ; Provided^ however, that in the assessment and Proviso, 
apportionment of all such taxes upon the polls and estates 
of all persons hable to contribute thereto, the same rules 
and regulations shall be observed as are now established by 
the laws of this commonwealth, or may be hereafter enact- 
ed, relative to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. The said city council shall also have power to pro- 
vide for the assessment and collection of such taxes, and Collection of 
to make appropriations of all public moneys, and provide 
for the disbursement thereof, and take suitable measures to 
ensure a just and prompt account thereof; and for these 
purposes, may either elect such assessors, and assistant 
assessors, as may be needful, or provide for the appoint- 
ment or election of the same, or any of them, by the mayor 
and aldermen, or by the citizens, as in their judgment may 
be most conducive to the public good, and may also require 
of all persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or dis- 
bursement of public moneys, such bonds with such condi- ^^'f^^'i^^;^' "^^^ 
tions and such sureties, as the case may in their judgments 
require. 

1 The city council are the agents and trustees of the inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, with a limited authority ; they can perform no act in the execution of 
their trust, unless warranted by some genei'al or special law of the com- 
monwealth, either in express terms or by reasonable inference. The gen- 
eral authority of towns to raise money by tlie assessment of taxes on the 
inhabitants, was given by the statute of 1785, ch. 7.5, § 7, "for the settle- 
ment, maintenance and support of the ministry, schools, the poor, and 
other necessary charges arising within the same town," the most of which 
provision is re-enacted in the Eevised Statutes, ch. 15, § 12. The only 
difficulty in the construction of this provision has been as to what are 
" other necessary charges," for which towns are authorized to raise money. 
Upon this point there have been several decisions. In the case of Stetson 
V. Kempton, (13 Massachusetts Eeports, 272,) it was held, that towns have 
no authority in time of war and hostile invasion, to raise money to give 
additional wages to the militia and for other purposes of defence. The 
court say, that the erection of public buildings for the accommodation of 
the inhabitants, such as town houses to assemble in, and market houses for 
the sale of provisions, may also be a proper town charge, and may come 
within the fair meaning of the term necessartj. for these may be essential to 
the comfort and convenience of the citizens. But it cannot be supposed 



16 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

City Council XXV. The said city council shall have power, and 

may provide for "^ _ -i ' 

the appointment they are authorized to provide for the appointment or 

of city officers. ■' _ ^ ^ ^ 

1821, iij, § 16. election of all necessary officers, for the good government 
of said citj, not otherwise provided for ; to prescribe their 
duties, and fix their compensation, and to choose a register 



that the building of a theatre, a circus, or any other place of mere amuse- 
ment, at the expense of the town, could be justified under the term veces- 
sary town charges. Nor could the inhabitants be lawfully taxed for the 
purpose of raising a statue or a monument, these being matters of taste 
and not of necessity ; unless in populous and wealthy towns, they should 
be thought suitable ornaments to buildings or squares, the raising and 
maintenance of which are within the duty and care of the governors or 
officers of such towns. In Allen v. Inhabitants of Taunton, ( 19 Pick. Rep. 
485,) it was held, that a town is authorized to appropriate money for the 
repair of fire engines used for the purpose of extinguishing fires therein, 
whether they belong to the town or were purchased by private subscrip- 
tion ; and in the case of Hardy v. Inhabitants of Waltham, (3 Metcalf's 
Rep. 163,) it was held, that a town has authority to appropriate money for 
the construction of reservoirs for water to supply fire engines. In the case 
of Spaulding v. City of Lowell, (23 Pick. Rep. 71,) it was held, that cities 
and towns in this commonwealth, by virtue of their general powers, have 
authority in their corporate capacity, to build a market house, to appro- 
priate money therefor, and to assess the same upon the inhabitants. " To 
bring any particular subject," the court remark, " within this description 
of necessary town charges, it must appear to be money necessary to the 
execution of some corporate power, the enjoyment of some corporate right 
or the performance of some corporate duty, as established by law, or long 
usage." A town has no authority to raise money to aid in the construction 
of a road which by law is to be made at the expense of the county, and 
consequently a tax laid by the town for the purpose of collecting the 
money is illegal and void. A vote by a town appointing a committee to 
appropriate money for constructing such road, is an illegal and void act; 
and a contract for constructing it entered into by the committee in behalf 
of the town, will not be binding upon the town. Parsons v. Inhabitants of 
Goshen, (II Pick. Rep. 396.) A town has authority to provide for the 
support of a public clock, and to assess the expense thei-eof upon the in- 
habitants of the town. Willard v. Inhabitants of Newburyport, (12 Tick. 
Rep. 227.) A town is authorized to indemnify its officers, against any 
liability which they may incur in the bona fide discharge of their duties 
although it turn out that they have exceeded their legal rights and author- 
ity. Nelson v. Mil ford, (7 Pick. Rep. 186.) Bancroft v. Lynnfield, (18 ibid, 
566.) By the act of 1847, ch. 37, whenever any city or town shall have 
voted to raise by taxation, or by pledge of its credit, or to pay over, from 
moneys in its treasury, any sum or sums of money, for any other purpose 
or purposes, than those for which it may have the legal right and power 
so to do, the supreme judicial court is authorized to interfere and prevent 
the same, upon the suit or petition of any ten inhabitants of such city or 
town who are liable to be taxed therein. 



CITY CEAllTER AND AMENDMENTS. IT 

of deeds, whenever the city shall compose one county. The "•'^fj^'" "'' 

city council also shall have the care and superintendence of 

the public buildinjiis, and the care, custody, and manage- f^arc and custody 

J- o ' 1 J 1 o of City properly. 

ment of all the property of the city, with power to lease or 
sell the same, except the Common and Faneuil Hall, with 
power also" to purchase property, real or personal, in the Power to pur- 

J- i 1 1 ./ 7 1 ^ ' chase property. 

name, and for the use of the city, whenever its interest or 
convenience may in their judgment require it. 

XXVI. All the power and authority by law vested, at Board of health, 
the time of the act of incorporation, in the board of health 12 rick. ie4. 
for the town of Boston, relative to the quarantine of vessels 

and relative to every other subject whatsoever, shall be 
and the same is hereby transferred to, and vested in the 
said city council, to be carried into execution by the ap- 
pointment of health commissioners, or in such other manner 
as the health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such alterations 
as the legislature may from time to time adopt. ^ The 
mayor and aldermen of said city, and the said common city treasurer, 
council shall as soon as conveniently may be, alter their 
annual organization, meet together in convention, and elect 
some suitable and trustworthy person to be the treasurer of 

said city, who shall also be the county treasurer. ure"r"'V.Tt4. 

$47. 

XXVII. The citizens at their respective ward meet- overseers of the 
ings, to be held on the second Monday of December annu- j's^Ti im, § 19. 
ally, shall elect by ballot one person in each ward to be an (A'dopted i.y'citi- 
overseer of the poor ; and the persons thus chosen shall is ,5.' uosnm iie- 
together constitute the board of overseers for said city, and sjs.)"' ^" ' ' ''" 
shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties, 

by law appertaining, at the time of the act of incorporation, 
to the overseers of the poor for the town of Boston, until 
the same shall be altered or qualified by the legislature.- 

1 See Revised Statutes, c. 21, § 2, repealed by stat. 1847, c. 229. See 
also Stat. 1849, c. 211. 

2 As to the covporate power of the overseers of the poor of Boston, sea 
Overseers of the Poor of Boston v. Scars. (22 Pick. Rep. 122.) 



18 



CITY CHAETER AND AMENDMENTS. 



School commit- XXYIII. The scliool Committee of the city of Boston, 

tee. J ' ' 

1835, 128, § 1. shall consist of the mayor, of the president of the common 

(Adopted by . d i i. /. i 

citizens in ward council, and of twenty-four other persons, tvfo of -whom 

meetings, April '' '- . , , . 

1-9, 1835. shall be chosen in each ward, and who shall be mhabitants 

Jlecords of re- ^ -, . . . -, n 

turns of votes ot the wards in which they are chosen : said twenty-tour 

from the wards, . ,. , 

April ;.9, 1833.) members to be chosen bj the inhabitants at their annual 
election of municipal officers ; and said school committee 

1821,1)0,519. shall have the care and superintendence of the public 
schools. 

Acconntabiiity XXIX. All boards, and officers, acting under the 

of all boards and " . 

officers for pub- authority of the said corporation, and entrusted with the 

lie money. «/ r ' 

1821, uu,§2,). expenditure of public money, shall be accountable therefor 
to the city council, in such manner as they may direct, 
and it shall be the duty of the city council to publish and 
distribute, annually, for the information of the citizens, a 

Annual financial particular statement of the receipts and expenditures of all 

statement. r i i _ 

public moneys, and a particular statement of all city prop- 
erty. 

Mayor may nom- XXX. In all cascs in which appointments to office are 

inate certain ofii- t.t.i iin tit n 

cars. directed to be made by the mayor and aldermen, the mayor 

" ' shall have the exclusive power of nomination ; such nomina- 

tion, however, being subject to be confirmed or rejected by 
rlu'^SciTno't'e'ii'"! ■t^^ board of aldermen : Provided, however, that no person 
officl". ^'^'*"®'^ shall be eligible to any office, the salary of which is payable 
out of the city treasury, who at the time of his appoint- 
ment shall be a member either of the board of aldermen or 
common council. 



Number of repre- XXXI. It shall bo the duty of the two branches of the 
general court, city couucil, iu tlic month of October, in each year, after 

J821, 1 10 5 22. "^ . . 

i83i', 38. ' their annual organization, to meet in convention and deter- 

mine the number of representatives, which it may be ex- 
pedient for the corporation to send to the general court in 
such year, within its constitutional limits, and to publish 
such determination, which shall be conclusive ; and the 
number thus determined shall be specified in the warrant 
calling a meeting for the election of representatives ; and 



CITY CnARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 19 

neither the mayor, nor any aldermen, or members of the Members or cUy 
common council, shall, at the same time, hold any other no (niicr omcc, 
office under the city government. 

XXXII. All city officers, after their election, shall be officers, m dis- 

Ti T 1 • I'll 1 1 cliiirt'c tlicir (lu- 

held to discharge the duties to which they have been elect- ties notwiih- 

,,. ., -,, , . ' c ,T ' ^ • standiiii; remov- 

ed, being residents oi the ward at the time oi their election, ai into other 

notwithstanding their removal afterwards out of their ward ]8^r,,'i,7, ^5. 

• , ,, 1 /? Al V (Adoi.ied l.y city 

into any other ward 01 the city. council, city 

Kccorils, vol. ;i3, 
p. 4(J{i.) 

XXXIII. All elections for governor, lieutenant gov- Elections of na- 

. i i- 1 tional and stale 

ernor, senators, representatives, representatives to congress, officers. 
and all other officers, who are to be chosen and voted for r.'s^s, ^'iij'e, 
by the people, shall be held at meetings of the citizens ' 
qualified to vote in such elections, in their respective 
wards, at the time fixed by law for those elections respect- 
ively. And at such meetings, all the votes given in, being 
collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the inspectors 
of elections, in each ward, it shall be the duty of the clerk 
of such ward to make a true record of the same, specifying 
therein the whole number of ballots given in, the name of 
each person voted for, and the number of votes for each, 
expressed in word!© at length. And a transcript of such 
record, certified by the warden, clerk, and a majority of 
the inspectors of elections in such ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk of 
the city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk forth- 
with to enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, in the 
journals of the proceedings of the mayor and aldermen, or 
in some other book kept for that purpose. And it shall be E.xan.inaiion 
the duty of the mayor and aldermen to meet together votes? 
within two days after every such election, and examine and 
compare all the said returns, and thereupon to make out a 
certificate of the result of such election, to be signed by ceniflcaie. 
the mayor and a majority of the aldermen, and also by the 
city clerk, which shall be transmitted, delivered or returned 
in the same manner as similar returns are by law directed 
to be made by the selectmen of towns ; and such certifi- 



20 CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 

cates and returns shall have the same force and effect in 

all respects, as like returns of similar elections made by 

Separate lists of the Selectmen of towns. At the election of governor, lieu- 
votes for gov- . PI 

ernor,&c. tobe tenant sfovemor, and senators, it shall be the duty of the 

transmitted to i i , t r> 

the secretary or mavor and aldermen to make and seal up separate lists oi 

to sheriffs-. "^ , t n ■,. n 

R. s. 5, $ I, persons voted tor as governor, lieutenant governor, and 
senators of the commonwealth, with the number of votes for 
each person, wTitten in words at length against his name, 
and to transmit said lists to the secretary of the common- 
votes for elect- wealth or to the sheriffs of their respective counties. The 
&c , how and ' major and aldermen shall, within three days next after the 

when to beirans- -, n i,- ni, n •i,i- 

mitted to the clay 01 any election ot electors oi president and vice presi- 
1844^167,'^!. dent of the United States, held by virtue of the laws of 
this commonwealth, or of the United States, deliver, or 
cause to be dehvered the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, 
to the sheriff of the county, and the said sheriff shall within 
four days after receiving said lists, transmit the same to the 
office of the secretary of the commonwealth, or the said 
mayor and aldermen may, and when the office of sheriff is 
vacant, he or they shall themselves transmit the said lists to 
the said office within seven days after the election, and all 
Proceedings in votos not SO transmitted shall be rejected. In all elections 
ti^ves'^arrnot'^" for representatives to the general cou^ in case the whole 
c losen. number proposed to be elected shall not be chosen by a ma- 

jority of the votes legally returned, the mayor and aldermen 
shall forthwith issue their warrant for a new election, and the 
same proceedings shall be had in all respects as are herein 
before directed, until the whole number shall be elected.-^ 

Mayor and alder- XXXIV. Prior to evory election of city officers, or of 
liTt" of voter's any officer or officers under the government of the United 
election ^^^"^^ States or of this commonwealth, it shall be the duty of said 
182^ J 10, $24. jjjg^-^Qj, ^^^ aldermen to make out lists of all the citizens of 
each ward qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 

1 This section of the city charter contains also a provision for taking 
the sense of the town upon the question, whether the election for State 
and "United States ol!icers should be holdcn in general meeting; which 
question was decided by the inhabitants in the negative, at a meeting held 
Monday, March 4, 1822. See Boston Eecords, vol. 10, p. 457. 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 21 

in which selectmen and assessors of towns are required to 
make out similar lists of voters, and for that purpose they 
shall have free access to the assessors' books and lists, and 
be entitled to the aid and assistance of all assessors, assist- 
ant assessors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of said mayor and aldermen to deliver such list 
of the voters in each ward, so prepared and corrected, to 
the clerk of said ward, to be used by the warden and in- 
spectors thereof at such election : and no person shall be 
entitled to vote at such election, whose name is not borne on 
such list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in such inspectors toai 
elections, it shall be the duty of the inspectors, in each vote who^o 

name is not on 

ward, to take care that no person shall vote at such elec- the list, 
tion, whose name is not so borne on the list of voters, and 
to cause a mark to be placed against the name of each 
voter on such list, at the time of giving in his vote. 

XXXV. It shall be the duty of all ward officers omies of ward 
authorized to preside and act at elections of city officers to eieciion's. 
attend and perform their respective duties, at the times (Afioirtou by 'city 
and places appointed for elections of any officers, whether Records', voi.'aa, 
of the United States, state, city, or wards, and to make and.^' 

sign the regular returns of the same. 

XXXVI. General meetings of the citizens, qualified to General meet- 
vote in city affairs, may from time to time be held to con- zcns. 

suit upon the common good, to give instructions to their " ' ' ^ " 
representatives, and to take all lawful measures to obtain a 
redress of any grievances, according to the right secured 
to the people by the constitution of this commonwealth. 
And such meetings shall and may be duly warned by the 
mayor and aldermen, upon the requisition of fifty qualified 
voters of said city. 

XXXVII. All warrants for the meetings of the citl- warrants for 

n ..-I J. ^ 1 1 '•L^ • ^ nicelines to be 

zens, lor municipal purposes to be had either in general issued iiy mayor 
meetings or in wards, shall be issued by the mayor and al- isoilWo,"^^".' 
dermen, and shall be in such form, and shall be served, 
executed, and returned at such time, and in such manner 
as the city council may, by any by-law, direct and appoint. 



22 



CITY CHARTER AND AMENDMENTS. 



City of Boston to 
have all the 



XXXVIII. The city of Boston shall continue to have 
powers, &c."con- and Bxercise all the powers and privileffes, and be subject 

ieiTed bv char- j. o 7 t/ 

to all the duties and liabilities, mentioned in the act estab- 
lishing said city of Boston, and in the several acts specially 
relating to said city. 



ter, &c. 

R. S. 15, § 86. 



Ordinance to es- 
tablish the city 
seal. Passed 
Jan. 2, ib33. 



SEAL OF THE CITY. 

An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common 
Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, 
That the design hereto annexed, as sketched by John R. 
Penniman, giving a view of the city, be the device of the 
city seal ; that the motto be as follows, to wit, " Sicut 
patribus, sit Deus nobis;" and that the inscription be as 
follows, to wit: "Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




LAWS OF THE COMMONWEALTH, 



PASSED SINCE THE 



REVISION OF THE CITY ORDINANCES. 



RECENT LAWS. 



STATUTES OF 1851. 

An Act to authorize Members of Citj Councils to hold other 

Offices 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives , in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The Mayor, any Alderman, or any member of the 
common council, of any city in this CommomYealth, may, at the 
same time, hold any other office under the city government of such 
city to which he may be duly chosen : provided, that the same be 
not an office of emolument. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its passage, 
but shall be in force in those cities only, which shall adopt the same 
by a vote of their city councils. \_Approved, April 24, 1851. 
Accepted by City Council of Boston, June 16, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Constables, 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Cfeneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any constable, who shall have been duly appointed 
for any city or chosen for any town of this Commonwealth, and who 
shall have given bonds in the manner hereinafter set forth, may 
serve, within his own city or town, any writ, or other process, in 
any personal action, in which the damages shall not be laid at a 
greater sum than one hundred dollars, and also any process of re- 
plevin in which the subject matter shall not exceed in value one 
hundred dollars. 



RECENT LAWS 25 

Sect. 2. No constable shall be competent to serve any writ 
or execution, in an/ civil action, until he shall have given to the 
city or the inhabitants of the town, for which he may have been 
appointed or chosen, a bond with sureties, to the satisfaction of 
the mayor or aldermen of the city or the selectmen of the town, 
in a sum not less than five hundred dollars, with condition for the 
faithful performance of his duties, as constable, in the service of 
all civil processes which may be committed to him, and shall have 
caused the same, with the requisite approval certified thereon, to 
be filed in the office of the clei'k of such city or town ; and it shall 
be the duty of the said clerk to note upon the bond the time when 
the same was so filed ; and the like proceedings and remedies 
may be had upon any such bond as are provided by an act, passed 
on the twenty-fourth day of February, in the year one thousand 
eight hundred and forty-five, requiring constables to give bonds in 
certain cases. 

Sect. 3. The election of all constables of towns shall here- 
after be by written ballots. [^Approved^ April 30, 1861.] 



An Act to regulate the measurement of Marble. 

Be it enacted hij the Senate and Home of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same: 

The Mayor and Aldermen of any city, or the selectmen of any 
town in this Commonwealth, may establish such ordinances or regu- 
lations, with suitable penalties, respecting the appointment of a 
surveyor, and th3 survey and admeasurement of marble of every 
description, either foreign or American, that shall be imported or 
brought into such city or town for sale, as they may from time to 
time deem expedient. [Approved, April 30, 1851.] 



An Act in further addition to an Act for supplying the City of 
Boston with Pure Water. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Bepresentatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The control gra-ited to the city of Boston over tide waters 
wit'iiu the juris lic;ion of this Counnonwealth, by the third section 
of an act in addition to an act for supplying the city of Bistju with 

4 



26 RECENT LAWS. 

pure water passed on the first day of May, in the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and forty nine, shall be restricted to the line 
now occupied by them for the purpose specified in the said third 
section. [Ap'proved, May 7, 1861.] 



An Act for the Appointment of Police Officers. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives^ in 
Creneral Court assembled, and ly the authority of the saine : 

The mayor and aldermen of the several cities, and the select- 
men of the several towns, in this Commonwealth, may, from time 
to time, appoint such pohce officers for their respective cities and 
towns as they may judge necessary, with all or any of the powers 
of constables, except the power of serving and executing any civil 
process. And the said police officers shall hold their offices dur- 
ing the pleasure of the mayor and aldermen, and selectmen, by 
•whom they are respectively appointed. \_Approved, May 15 , 1861 .] 



An Ac concerning Vacancies in "Ward Offices. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. At the first election held after a new division of 
wards, in any city in this Commonwealth, the respective ward offi- 
cers, chosen under the preceding organization, shall'officiate in the 
same numerical ward for which they are chosen respectively, and 
shall continue to act there until others shall be chosen and qual- 
ified in their stead. 

Sect. 2. All officers chosen at any meeting called by the mayor 
and aldermen of any city, after such new division into wards, shall 
hold their offices until the next annual meeting, and until others 
shall be chosen and qualified in their stead. [Approved, May 15, 
1851.] 



RECENT LAWS. 27 



An Act to authorize Cities and Towns to establish and maintain 
Pubhc Libraries. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any city or town of this* Commonwealth is hereby 
authorised to establish and maintain a public library within the 
same, with or without branches, for the use of the inhabitants 
thereof, and to provide suitable rooms therefor, under such regula- 
tions for the government of such library, as may from time to time, 
be prescribed by the city council of such city, or the inhabitants 
of such town. 

Sect. 2 Any city or town may appropriate for the founda- 
tion and commencment of such library, as aforesaid, a sum not 
exceeding one dollar for each of its ratable polls, in the year next 
preceding that in which such appropriation shall be made ; and 
may also appropriate, annually, for the maintenance and increase 
of such library, a sum not exceeding twenty-five cents for each 
of its ratable polls, in the year next preceding that in which such 
appropriation shall be made. 

Sect. 3 Any city or town may receive, in its corporate ca- 
pacity, and hold and manage, any devise, bequest or donation, for 
the establishment, increase or maintenance of a public library 
within the same. [^Approved, May 2^, 1851.] 



An Act concerning Yacancies in School Committees. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Whenever A-acancies occur in the school committee of any town 
or city in this Commonwealth, or when, from any cause, any mem- 
ber or members are unable to act, the remaining member or mem- 
bers of said committee, together with thp selectmen of said town, 
or the mayor and aldermen of said city, shall have power to fill 
vacancies in said committee ; and the school . return siirned 
by a majority of the committee thus constituted shall be equally 
valid as if signed by a majority of the committee as originally 
chosen. [Approved, 31ay 21, 1851.] 



28 RECENT LAWS. 



An Act in addition to an Act to establish the Boston Lunatic 

Hospital. 

Be it enacted hj the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
G-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The third section of the one hundred and thirty-first 
chapter of the acts of the year one thousand eight hundred and 
thirty-nine, being an act entitled "an Act to establish the Boston 
Lunatic Hospital," is so amended that the city council of the city 
of Boston shall have power to pass sach ordinances as they may 
deem expedient for conducting, in a proper manner, the business 
of that institution, and for appointing such officers as in their opin- 
ion may be necessary. 

Sect. 2. The second section of the said chapter is hereby re- 
pealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved, May 23, 1861.] 



STATUTES OF 1852. 

An Act in relation to the House of Correction in the County of 

!»i^uffolk. 

Be if enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The city council of the city of Boston may annually 
appoint, by concurrent vote of the two branches thereof, a suita- 
ble number of persons, not exceeding twelve, who shall be citi- 
zens of Boston, and a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business, to constitute the board of overseers 
of the house of correction for the county of Suffolk, who shall 
hold their office for one year, and until at least five persons, 
members of a new board, are appointed in their place ; and said 
city council may at any time fill any vacancies which may occur 
in said board. 

Sect. 2. So much of the eleventh section of the one hundred 
and forty-third chapter of the Revised Statutes as is inconsistent 
with this act is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect as soon as it may be ac- 
cepted by the city council of said city, by concurrent vote of the 
two branches thereof. [^Approved, April 20, 1852. AccepAcd 
hy City Council^ May 21, lb52.J 



RECENT LAWS. 29 



An Act concerning the duties of Assessors. 

Be it, enacted hy the Senate and JIousc of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assernbled, and by the authority of the same: 

Sect. 1. That when any person shall hereafter give notice 
in writing to the assessors of any citj or town in this common- 
wealth, accompanied by satisfactory evidence that he was at the 
time of the last annual assessment of taxes in said city or town, 
an inhabitant thereof, and liable to pay a poll tax, and shall fur- 
nish, under oath, true lists of his polls and estate, both real and 
personal, not exempted from taxation, it shall be the duty of said 
assessors to assess such person for his poll and estate, if any 
estate he have, in the same manner they would have done if a list 
of his poll and estate had been duly given in to said assessors ; 
and the tax thus assessed against said person shall by said asses- 
sors be entered in the tax list of the collector of such city or 
town, and it shall be his duty to collect and pay over the same, at 
the time when and to the persons specified in the warrant of the 
assessors ; Provided, the application aforesaid shall be made at 
least seven days prior to the day of any election. 

Sect. 2. This act shall not be construed so as to interfere in 
any manner with the provisions of the twenty-eighth section of 
the seventh chapter of the Revised Statutes, [^^^provec?, April 
Z% 1852.] 



An Act to regulate the use of Steam Engines. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen of any city, and the se 
Icctmcn of any town, or any person by them authorized, may, 
after notice to the parties interested, examine any steam engine 
in such city or town, and for that purpose may enter any house, 
shop, or building, and if, after such examination, it shall appear 
probable that the use of such engine is unsafe, they may issue a 
temporary order to suspend the use thereof, and then, after giv- 
ing the parties interested, so far as they may be known, an oppor- 
tunity to be heard, if they shall adjudge such steam engine unsafe 
or defective, or unfit to be used, they may pass a permanent order 
prohibiting the use thereof until it shall be rendered safe ; and if 
such steam engine shall be used after the passage of such tern- 



30 RECENT LAWS. 

porary order until the final adjudication tliereon, or after such 
final adjudication and order until it shall be rendered safe, con- 
trary to either of such orders, and after notice thereof to the 
owner or person having charge thereof, such engine shall be 
deemed and taken to be a common nuisance, without any other 
proof thereof than its use. 

Sect. 2. Said mayor and aldermen and selectmen shall have 
the same power and authority to abate and remove any such 
steam engine, erected or used contrary to the foregoing provis- 
ions, as are given to the board of health in the tenth and eleventh 
sections of the twenty-first chapter of the Revised Statutes. 
[Approved, May 7, 1852.] 



An Act concerning Returns of Elections. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of JRepresentatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. It shall be the duty of the mayor and aldermen and 
the clerk of each city in the commonwealth, to examine, as soon 
as may be after any election, the returns made by the returning 
officers of each ward in such city, of the results of the election in 
said ward ; and if any manifest error shall appear therein, in the 
form of the return, the mayor and aldermen shall forthwith give 
notice to said ward officers of the error or deficiency in the form 
of said return ; and it shall be the duty of said ward officers 
forthwith to make a new and additional return under oath, in con- 
formity to the truth in the case, which additional return, whether 
made upon such notice, or by the officers of any ward without 
such notice, shall be received by the mayor and aldermen or clerk 
of said city, at any time before the expiration of the day next pre - 
ceding the day on which, by law, they are required to make their 
returns, or to declare the results of said elections in said city ; 
and all the original and additional returns so made shall be exam- 
ined by the mayor and aldermen, and shall be made part of their 
returns of the results of such election. And in counting the 
votes in any election, no returns shall be rejected where the whole 
number of votes given for any officer or representative voted for, 
and the whole number of votes given for each candidate voted for, 
can be ascertained from such returns. 

Sect. 2. When returns of elections from any town are re- 
ceived at the office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, not 



RECENT LAWS. 31 

sealed up as the law required, the secretary shall forthwith give 
notice thereof to the returning officers of said, town; and upon 
the receipt of said notice, said returning officers shall make a copy 
of their record of the votes cast at said election, and shall make 
oath to the correctness of said copy ; and shall transmit the same 
to the said secretary, sealed up as is required by law in the case 
of the original returns. And if, upon the opening of said copy of 
the record by the governor and council, by the legislature, or by 
any person or persons duly authorized to open the returns and 
count the votes, the original return shall be found in substantial 
conformity with the copy of the record returned as aforesaid, 
then said original return shall not bo rejected because of the in- 
formality before mentioned : Provided, that said copy of the re- 
cord shall have been received by the said secretary before the 
expiration of the day next preceding that on which, by law, the 
returns of said election are to be opened, and the votes counted. 
[^Approved, May 13, 1852.] 



An Act concerning the Attendance of Children at School. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Every person who shall have any child under his 
control between the ages of eight and fourteen years, shall send 
such child to some public school within the town or city in which 
he resides, during at least twelve weeks, if the public schools 
within such town ox city shall be so long kept, in each and every 
year during which such child shall be under his control, six weeks 
of which shall be consecutive. 

Sect. 2. Every person who shall violate the provisions of the 
first section of this act shall forfeit, to the use of such town or 
city, a sum not exceeding twenty dollars, to be recovered by 
complaint or indictment. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the school committee in the 
several towns or cities to inquire into all cases of violation of the 
first section of this act, and to ascertain of the persons violating 
the same the reasons, if any, for such violation, and they shall 
report such cases, together with such reasons, if any, to the town 
or city, in their annual report ; but they shall not report any 
cases such as are provided for by the fourth section of this act. 

Sect. 4. If, upon inquiry by the school committee, it shall 
appear, or if, upon the trial of any complaint or indictment under 



32 RECENT LAWS. 

this act, it shall appear that such child has attended some school 
not in the town or city in which he resides, for the time required 
bj this act, or has been otherwise furnished with the means of 
education for a like period of time, or has already acquired those 
branches of learning which are taught in common schools, or if it 
shall appear that his bodily or mental condition has been such as 
to prevent his attendance at school, or his acquisition of learning 
for such a period of time, or that the person having the control of 
such child is not able, by reason of poverty, to send such child to 
school, or to furnish him with the means of education, then such 
person shall be held not to have violated the provisions of tins act. 
Sect. 5. It shall be the duty of the treasurer of the town' or 
city to prosecute all violations of this act. \^A2J})7wed, May 
18', 1852.] 



An Act further to guard against the Explosion of Steam Boilers. 

Se it enacted hy the Senate and House of Represe^itatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. If any person or corporation shall manufacture, set 
up, or knowingly use, or cause to be used, in this commonwealth, 
a steam boiler unprovided with the safety plug, as described in 
the first section of an act entitled " an act to prevent the explo- 
sion of steam boilers," passed in the year one thousand eight 
hundred and forty-nine, such person or corporation so offending 
shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars. 

Sect. 2. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act 
are hereby repealed. [^Appiwed, May 18, 1852.] 



An Act in relation to the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston shall, 
commencing with the ensuiiig municipal year, consist of twelve per- 
sons ; and the legal voters of each ward shall be annually called upon 
to give in their votes for one person, being an inhabitant of said 
ward, to be a member of said board of aldermen, to be chosen in the 



RECENT LAWS. 33 

same form and manner, and at the same time, as noto provided by 
law for the election of members of the common council.^ 

Sect. 2. 77/6 legal voters of each ward of said city shall, com- 
mencing with the ensuing municipal year, be annually called upon to 
vote for t'wo assistant assessors, ivho shall be inhabitants of said ward, 
and icho shall be chosen in the same manner and form, and at the 
same time, as is provided in the foregoing section for the election of 
aldermen^ 

Sect. 3. Whenever the mayor and aldermen of the citj of 
Boston shall adjudge that the public safety and convenience re- 
quire that any street, lane, or alley in the said city shall be laid 
out, altered, or discontinued, they shall make and record an esti- 
mate of the expense thereof, and if such estimate shall exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars, or if such estimate, with the 
estimates of any previous alteration or discontinuance of any part 
of such street, lane or alley, during the municipal year, shall ex- 
ceed the sum of five thousand dollars, the order for such laying 
out, alteration, or discontinuance, together with an estimate of the 
expense thereof, shall be sent to the common council for its con- 
currence or rejection ; and such order shall not take effect or be 
in force until the common council shall concur therein.- 

Sect. 4. No erection, alteration, or repair of any court house, 
jail, house of correction, fire-proof office, or any other building, 
for the purposes of the county of Suffolk, shall be made by the 
mayor and aldermen of the said city, except as herein provided, 
to wit : whenever the mayor and aldermen shall by vote declare 
that such erection, alteration, or repair is necessary or expedient, 
they shall make and record an estimate of the expense thereof, 
and if such estimate shall exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, 
a copy of the said vote and estimate shall be sent to the common 
council for its concurrence, rejection or amendment ; and all acts 
or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are repealed. ^ 

Sect. 5. The first four sections of this act shall not go into 
effect unless they be approved by a majority of the legal voters of 
the city of Boston, voting thereon severally by yea and nay bal- 
lot, in their respective wards, at the annual election of state offi- 
cers in November next ; and the mayor and aldermen of the said 
city ^shall insert in the warrant, for the aforesaid election, an 
article submitting the aforesaid question to the decision of the 
said legal voters of the city of Boston. [Approved, Mat/ 20, 
1852.] ^ I Fl , J , 

1 Kejectcd by the citizens. 2 Accepted by the citizens. 



34 RECENT LAWS. 



An Act in addition to " An Act concerning Truant Children and 
Absentees from Schools." 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Any minor between the ages of six and fifteen years, 
convicted under the provisions of an act entitled " an act con- 
cerning truant children and absentees from school," passed in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, of being an habitual 
truant, or of not attending school, or of being without any regular 
and lawful occupation, or growing up in ignorance, may, at the 
discretion of the justice of the peace or judicial ofiicer having 
jurisdiction of the case, instead of the fine mentioned in the first 
section of said act, be committed to any such institution of in- 
struction, house of reformation, or suitable situation, as may be 
provided for the purpose under the authority given in said first 
section, for such time as such justice or judicial officer may deter- 
mine, not exceeding one year. 

Sect. 2. Any minor convicted of either of said ofiences, and 
sentenced to pay a fine as provided in the first section of the act 
to which this is in addition, may, in default of payment thereof, 
be committed to said institution of instruction, house of reforma- 
tion, or suitable situation provided as aforesaid, or to the county 
jail, as provided in case of non-payment of other fines. And 
upon proof that said minor is unable to pay said fine, and has no 
parent, guardian, or person chargeable with his support, able to 
pay the same, he may be discharged by said justice or judicial 
officer, whenever he shall see fit. 

Sect. 3. If any person so convicted be not discharged as 
aforesaid, he shall be discharged according to the provisions of the 
third section of the one hundred and forty-fifth chapter of the 
Revised Statutes. 

Sect. 4. The powers of the justice of the peace or judicial 
officer, under this act and the act to which this is in addition, in 
all unfinished cases shall continue under any reappointment to the 
same office, provided there be no interval between the expiration 
and reappointment to said office. 

Sect. 5. The third section of the act entitled " an act con- 
cerning truant children and absentees from school," passed in the 
year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, is hereby repealed. 
[Approved, May 20, 1852.] 



RECENT LAWS. 35 



An Act to change the Time of assessing Taxes in the City 

of Boston. 



Be it enaotedhy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Oourt assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Any person who shall have his residence in the city of Boston 
on the first day of January, shall, on the first day of May follow- 
ing, be taxed in that city, notwithstanding he may have removed 
therefrom before the first day of May ; and no person so taxed 
shall be liable to assessment for his personal property in any other 
city or town on the first of May in the same year. ^Ajyi^roved, 
May 20, 1852.] 



An Act to provide for supplying the State Prison with Water. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The board of inspectors of the state prison are 
hereby authorized and empowered in order to supply the state 
prison with water, to lay beneath any of the public streets, roads, 
and highways, or other ways in the city of Oharlestown, all such 
pipes as they may deem proper, in order to conduct the Cochitu- 
ate water to the said prison, from the main pipe belonging to the 
city of Boston, which passes through the city of Oharlestown. 

Sect. 2. The said board of inspectors is hereby empowered to 
enter upon and dig up any such streets, roads, highways, or other 
ways, for the purpose of laying down pipes beneath the surface 
thereof, and for maintaining and repairing the same, and, in gen- 
eral, may do any other acts and things, necessary or convenient 
and proper, in order to accomplish the objects set forth in this 
act ; and for the purposes aforesaid, or any of them, they may 
employ any and all such agents under them as they shall deem 
expedient ; and they shall well and sufficiently repair all such 
streets, roads, highways, or other ways as may be so entered upon 
and dug up by them ; and they shall repair all drains and sewers, 
either public or private, which they may disturb, to the reasona- 
ble satisfiiction of all parties interested. 

Sect. 3. Any person who shall unlawfully hinder, obstruct, 
or impede the said board of inspectors, or any agent or agents 



36 KECENT LAWS. 

employed hj them in their doing and performing any of the things 
by this act authorized to be done, shall be taken and deemed to 
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be 
punished by imprisonment in the common jail not more than six 
months, or by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved May 22, 1852.] 



STATUTES OF 1853. 

An Act in relation to the Powers and Duties of Jailers and Mas- 
ters of Houses of Correction. 

Be it enacted ly the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

No keeper of any jail, or master of any house of correction, 
shall confine by solitary imprisonment any convict in his custody 
for more than three days at any one time, without informing the 
sheriff of the county, or the overseers of the house of correction, 
of such confinement, and the reasons therefor. [Approved, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1853.] 



An Act regulating the Storage, Safe Keeping, and Sale of Fire- 
works in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Qeneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to 
keep or sell any fireworks within the city of Boston, in any quan- 
tity, without first having obtained from the chief engineer of the 
fire department of said city a license therefor, signed by the chief 
engineer or by the secretary of the board of engineers, on which 
shall be written or printed a copy of the rules and regulations by 
them established, relative to the keeping, selling, or storage of 
fireworks within said city ; and every such license shall be in 
force until the first day of May, next ensuing the date thereof, un- 



RECENT LAWS. 37 

less sooner annulled by the board of engineers, and no longer ; 
but such license may, prior to the expiration of that term, be re- 
newed by the chief engineer or the said secretary, from year to 
year, by indorsement thereon ; provided, always, that the board 
of engineers may rescind any such license, if in their opinion the 
person or persons have disobeyed the law, or infringed on any 
rules or regulations estabhshed by the board of engineers ; and 
every person who receives a license to sell fireworks, as aforesaid, 
' shall pay for the same the sum of one dollar, and the same sum for 
the renewal thereof, and all such licenses shall expire on the first 
day of May, annually, and all moneys received for licenses shall 
be paid to the board of engineers, for the purpose of defraying the 
expenses of carrying this act into execution. 

Sect. 2. Any person or persons who have for sale, or keep in 
possession, any fireworks within the city of Boston, contrary to 
the rules and regulations established by the board of engineers 
herein mentioned, or who shall sell any fireworks in said city 
without first having obtained from the said chief engineer, or his 
secretary, a license as aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not less than 
fifteen nor more than fifty dollars for each ofience. 

Sect, 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
\^Ap2Jroved, April 14, 1853.] 



An Act concerning Armories for the use of the Volunteer Militia. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives^ in 
Cfene7'al Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. It shall be the duty of the mayor and aldermen of 
cities, and of the selectmen of towns, in this Commonwealth, from 
time to time, to provide each and every company of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry, light infantry, and riflemen, within the limits of 
.their respective cities and towns, — which are now or which may 
hereafter be duly organized under the laws of the Common- 
wealth, — with suitable and proper armories or places of deposit 
for the safe keeping of the arms and equipments furnished to 
such company or companies, from time to time, by the adjutant 
general under the authority of law ; and the expense thereof shall 
be paid out of the treasury of the Commonwealth, in manner as 
hereinafter provided. 

Sect. 2. The said mayor and aldermen and selectmen shall 
annually, in either of the months of October or November, make 
out and transmit to the office of the adjutant general, verified by 



do . EECENT LAWS. 

the oath or affirmation of two at least of said mayor and alder- 
men, or selectmen, a certificate or return showing the name of 
each company furnished with an armory, and the amount paid or 
allowed for the rent or use thereof; and said certificate or return 
shall embrace also, in substance, as follows : That the armory or 
armories so furnished by said mayor and aldermen, or selectmen, 
are such, and such only, as, in the opinion of a majority thereof, 
are necessary for the legitimate uses of such company or compa- 
nies as an armory or armories, and that the value of the annual 
rent thereof, according to the value of real estate in the city or 
town wherein the same is or are located, is fully equal to the sum 
or sums paid or claimed therefor. 

Sect. 3. The adjutant general, the treasurer, and receiver 
general, and the auditor of this Commonwealth, respectively, for 
the time being, shall constitute a board of commissioners to exam- 
ine and audit all accounts and claims for rent of armories made in 
pursuance of the provisions of this act ; and on or before the first 
day of January in each year, it shall be the duty of the said 
board to examine the several returns and certificates mentioned 
in the preceding section, and to institute such inqviiries in relation 
thereto as they may deem expedient and proper, to cause the 
same to be corrected if necessary, and to allow such accounts and 
claims, either in whole or in part, as said commissioners shall 
deem to be just, and in accordance with the true intent and mean- 
ing of this act ; "provided, however, that in no case whatever shall 
there be allowed in payment for an armory for any one company 
a greater sum annually than three hundred dollars. And it shall 
be the farther duty of the said board of commissioners to file in 
the office of the treasurer of the Commonwealth, within ten days 
after they shall have completed their said examination, a certifi- 
cate signed by them, showing the sum and sums thus allowed, and 
the names of the respective companies for whose use the same 
was allowed, and the city or town to which such companies belong. 
And the said adjutant general shall thereupon immediately notify 
the said mayor and aldermen and selectmen of the sum and sums 
thus allowed ; and the amount thereof shall be paid by the treas- 
urer to the said mayor and aldermen and selectmen, respectively, 
on demand, in the same manner as is now provided by law for the 
reimbursement of sums paid out by them to the officers and mem- 
bers of the volunteer militia for military service. 

Sect 4. Any person or persons named or referred to in this 
act, who shall be guilty of making any false return or certificate, 
required by this act to be made under oath, as hereinbefore pro- 
vided, with intent to defraud the Commonwealth, shall be deemed 
to have committed the crime of perjury, and shall be punished 



RECENT LAWS. 39 

therefor accordingly. And if, by reason of such false return or 
certificate, wilfully made by the mayor and aldermen of any city, 
or the selectmen of any town, or any one or more of them, there 
shall be paid out of the treasury of this Commonwealth to such 
city or town any sum or sums of money to which such city or 
town is not entitled according to the true intent and meaning of 
this act, the city or town so receiving the same shall be punished 
by a fine not exceeding four times the amount of money so re- 
ceived, to be recovered by indictment in any of the courts of this 
Commonwealth of competent jurisdiction. 

Sect. 5. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the pro- 
visions of this act are hereby repealed. [Apj^'^'oved, Ajml 26, 
1853.] 



An Act in addition to an Act relating to Banns of Marriage. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Qeneral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. No clerk or registrar of any city or town shall issue 
any certificate of intention of marriage to any male person under 
the age of twenty-one years, or to any female person imder the 
age of eighteen years, — except it be upon the application of the 
parent, master, or guardian of such person, or with their consent 
in writing expressed, — under a penalty not exceeding one hundred 
dollars, to be recovered by indictment, to the use of the Common- 
wealth, in any court proper to try the same ; provided, that if 
there be no parent, master, or guardian, in the State, competent 
to act, a certificate may be issued without the application or writ- 
ten consent aforesaid. 

Sect. 2. The clerk or registrar of every city or town may re- 
quire of any person who shall apply for a certificate of intention 
of marriage, an afiidavit, sworn to before some justice of the 
peace for the county where such application is made, setting forth 
his or her age ; and for the purposes of this act, such affidavit 
shall be proof of the age of the person to whom such a certificate 
shall be given. [Approved, May 12, 1853.J 



40 RECENT LAWS. 



An Act in addition to tlie Acts concerning Truant Children and 
Absentees from School. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Creneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. Anj city in this Commonwealth may, by ordinance, 
give jurisdiction of the oifences arising under the several laws re- 
lating to truant children and absentees from school to the justices 
of the Police Court of such city. 

Sect. 2. Any minor between the ages of six and sixteen 
years, convicted under the provisions of an act entitled "An Act 
concerning Truant Children and Absentees from School," passed 
in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, of being an 
habitual truant, or of not attending school, or of being without 
any regular and lawful occupation, or of growing up in ignorance, 
may, at the discretion of the justice of the peace or judicial officer 
having jurisdiction of the case, instead of the fine mentioned in 
the first section of said act, be committed to any such institution 
of instruction, house of reformation, or suitable situation, as may 
be provided for the purpose under the authority given in said first 
section, for such time as such justice or judicial officer may deter- 
mine, not exceeding two years. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect in any city, as soon as it 
may be accepted by the city council of said city, by concurrent 
vote of the two branches thereof. 

Sect. 4. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act 
are hereby repealed, so far as the same may relate to cities. {Aip^ 
proved, May 16, 1853. Accepted by the City Council, June 2, 
1853.] 



An Act respecting the Watch and Police of the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Cleneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The city council of the city of Boston are hereby 
authorized and empowered to unite, by ordinance, the watch and 
police departments of the said city into one department, and to 
organize the same, and from time to time to establish regulations 
therefor, not repugnant to the laws of the Commonwealth. 

Sect. 2. The chief of the police who may be authorized to 
act by virtue of such ordinance, shall have and exercise all the 



RECENT LAWS. 41 

powers and duties which by the laws now in force may he had 
and exercised bj the head constable of tlie watch of tlie city of 
Boston ; and the deputy chiefs of the police, and captains and 
lieutenants of the police who may be authorized to act by virtue 
of such ordinance, shall have and exercise all the powers and du- 
ties which by the laws now in. force may be had and exercised by 
the constables of the several divisions of the watch of the city of 
Boston ; and the said officers, and the policemen who shall be ap- 
pointed under the provisions of such ordinance, shall have and ex- 
ercise all the powers and duties which may be had and exercised 
either by the watch of the city of Boston, or by the police of the 
said city, by virtue of the seventeenth chapter of the Revised 
Statutes of this Commonwealth and other existing laws. 

Sect. 3. The mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston shall 
have and exercise all the powers and duties in relation to the offi- 
cers and policemen mentioned in the second section, which by the 
laws now in force they may have and exercise in relation to the 
watch and watchmen, and the police of the city of Boston. 

Sect. 4. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith are 
hereby repealed. 

Sect. 5. This act shall be void, unless accepted by the city 
council of the city of Boston within sixty days after its passage. 
\_App7wed, May 21, 1853. Accepted by City Council^ Jane 2, 
1853.] 



An Act relating to the Erection and Use of Buildings for Stables 
and Bowling Alleys. 

Be it enacted hj the Senate and Souse of Bepresentatives, in 
Greneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. If any person shall erect, occupy, or use any build- 
ing in any city or town, for a stable for more than four horses, or 
for a bowling alley, except in such parts of said city as the mayor 
and aldermen thereof, and of such towns as the selectmen thereof 
shall direct, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars for 
every month he shall so occupy or use such building, and in the 
like proportion for a longer or shorter time. And the Supreme 
Judicial Court or any one of the justices thereof, either in term 
time or vacation, may issue an injunction to prevent such erection, 
occupancy or use without such direction. 

Sect. 2. This act shall not be in force in any city, unless the 
city council thereof, nor in any town, unless the inhabitants 



42 RECENT LAWS. 

thereof, at a legal meeting, shall within sixty days from the pas- 
sage hereof, by vote, adopt the same. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved, May 24, 1851.] 

An Act in addition to an Act relating to the Erection and Use of 
Buildings for Stables and Bowling Alleys. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same: 

The provisions of the second section of the three hundred a'nd 
nineteenth chapter of the acts and resolves of the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty-one are hereby revived and extended for the 
term of nine months from the passage of this act. [Approved, 
May 23, 1853. Accepted hy City Council, Bee. 5, 1853.] 



An Act concerning the Harbor of Boston. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and hy the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The lines hereinafter described are hereby estab- 
lished as lines of the channel of the harbor of Boston, beyond 
which no wharf or pier shall ever hereafter be extended otherwise 
than is provided in this act, into or over the tide water of the 
Commonwealth. 

Sect. 2. The inner line marked A, in three parts, on the 
commissioners' plan hereinafter referred to, begins in South Bos- 
ton at a point in the north line of Fourth Street, extended east- 
ward one thousand feet from P Street, and runs thence northward 
parallel with P Street, fourteen hundred feet ; thence north- 
westward till it intersects the east line of P Street extended north- 
ward twenty-four hundred feet from Fourth Street ; thence west- 
ward towards the south corner of Bull's Wharf, till it intersects 
the harbor line on the east side of Fore Point Channel, established 
by " An Act concerning the Harbor of Boston," passed on the 
seventeenth day of March, in the year eighteen hundred and 
forty. This is the extreme line of sohd fillings. The outer line, 
marked B, in three parts, on said plan, begins in South Boston, 
at a point in the north line of Fourth Street, extended eastward 
fourteen hundred feet from P Street, and runs thence northward, 
parallel with P Street, fourteen hundred feet ; thence north- 



RECENT LAWS 43 

westward till it intersects the east line of P street extended 
northward, twenty-eight hundred feet from Fourth Street ; thence 
westward, toward the south corner of Arch Wharf, till it inter- 
sects the harbor line aforesaid, on the east side of Fore Point 
Channel. This is the extreme line of any structure of any de- 
scription whatever. The said lines thus described are the lines 
reported by the commissioners under resolves approved the third 
day of May, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty, 
authorizing the appointment of commissioners to define lines be- 
yond which no wharves shall be extended into and over the tide 
waters of the Commonwealth on the flats on the easterly side of 
Fore Point Channel, and the northerly shore of South Boston, 
and are drawn and defined upon a plan deposited by said com- 
missioners in the State library. 

Sect. 3. No solid structure or filling shall ever hereafter be 
extended beyond said inner line, marked A ; and no wharf, pier, 
or other structure whatsoever, shall ever hereafter be extended 
beyond said outer line, marked B, into or over the tide water of 
the Commonwealth ; nor shall any wharf, pier, or other structure 
whatsoever, on the inner side of either of said lines, be extended 
further toward said lines, or either of them, than such wharf, pier, 
or other structure now stands, or might have been lawfully ex- 
tended or enlarged before the passage of this act, without leave 
being first obtained from the legislature ; and the space between 
said lines shall be forever dedicated to dock purposes, in the shape 
of shps, wet docks, or basins, as the exigencies of commerce shall 
require, and the legislature shall hereafter order and direct. 

Sect. 4. Every person or corporation offending against the 
provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, 
and shall be liable to be prosecuted therefor, by indictment, or 
information, in any court of competent jurisdiction, and on convic- 
tion shall be punished by a fine not less than one thousand dollars, 
nor more than five thousand dollars, for every offence ; and any 
erection or obstruction which shall be made contrary to the pro- 
visions and intent of this act shall be liable to be removed and 
abated, as a public nuisance, in the manner provided by law, for 
the removal and abatement of nuisances on the public highway. 

Sect. 5. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
^Approved, 3Iay 25, 1863.] 



ORDINANCES 



ADOPTED BY THE CITY COUNCIL SINCE THE PUBLICATION 



OF THE EE VISED OEDINANCES, IN 1850. 



ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to "Water Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

That the following shall be the .Rates to be charged annually, 
for the water. 

Dwelling Houses. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes at 

$1000, or any less sum, and occupied bj one 

family only, - - - - $5.00 

"When occupied by two families, for each family, |3.50 7.00 
When occupied by three families, for each family, 3.00 9.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

|1,000 and not over $2,000, and occupied 

by one family only, - - - 6.00 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 4.00 8,00 
When occupied by three families, for each family, 3.33 10.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$2,000 and not over $3,000, and occupied by 

one family only, _ _ - _ 7.00 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 4.50 9.00 
When occupied by three famihes, for each family, ^ 3.67 11.00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$3,000 and not over $4,000, and occupied by 

one family only, - - - - 8.00 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 5.00 10.00 
When occupied by three families, for each family, 4.00 12.00 



ORDINANCES. 47 



When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

|54,000 and not over |5,000, and occupied by 

one family only, _ - - - 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$5,000 and not over |6,000, and occupied by 

one family only, _ - _ - 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$6,000 and not over $7,000, and occupied by 

one family only, - - - 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$7,000 and not over $8,000, and occupied by 

one family only, - - - - 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$8,000 and not over $9,000, and occupied by 

one family only, _ - _ - 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$9,000 and not over $10,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$10,000 and not over $11,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

|11,000 and not over $12,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three famiUes, for each family, 



$5.50 
4.33 


$ 9.00 
11.00 
13.00 


6.00 
4.67 


10.00 
12.00 
14.00 


6.50 
5.00 


11.00 
13.00 
15.00 


7.00 
5.33 


12.00 
14.00 
16.00 


7.50 
5.67 


13.00 
15.00 
17.00 


8.00 
6.00 


14.00 
16.00 

18.00 


8.50 
6.33 


15.00 
17.00 
19.00 


9.00 
6.67 


16.00 
18.00 
20.00 



48 ORDINANCES. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$12,000 and not over $13,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family, 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$13,000 and not over $14,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$14,000 and not over $15,000, and occupied 

by one family only, - - - 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$15,000 and not over $16,000, and occupied 

by one family only. 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three famiUes, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$16,000 and not over $17,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$17,000 and not over $18,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$18,000 and not over $19,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family, 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$19,000 and not over $20,000, and occupied 

by one family only, _ _ _ 

When occupied by two families, for each family. 

When occupied by three families, for each family. 



$9.50 
7.00 


$17.00 
19.00 
21.00 


10.00 
7.33 


18.00 
20.00 
22.00 


10.50 

7.67 


19.00 
21.00 

23.00 


11.00 

8.00 


20.00 
22.00 
24.00 


11.50 

8.33 


21.00 
23.00 
25.00 


12.00 

8.67 


22.00 
24.00 
26.00 


12.50 
9.00 


23.00 
25.00 

27.00 


13.00 
9.33 


24.00 

26.00 
28.00 



ORDINANCES. 49 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over 

$20,000, from - - - ^5.00 to $30.00 

When a house is occupied by more than three 

families, the charge will be tlie same as for 

three families. 

Hotels. 

Hotels, Taverns and Boarding Houses, (said Board- 
ing Houses beinof valued for the assessment of 
taxes at over $10,000,) not including water for 
baths or for uses without the house, will be 
charged for each bed for boarders and lodgers 
Avithiu the same, _ _ _ _ 1.50 

Provided, that in no case shall any Hotel, 
Tavern or Boarding House be charged less than 
if a private dwelling house. 

Stores. 

For each tenement occupied as a warehouse, office, 
shop, or for purposes not included in any other 
classification, and not requiring more than an 
ordinary supply of water, - - $5.00 to 25.00 

For each water closet moi-e than one, sup- 
plied for the above, $5.00 additional. 

And for each urinal or wash hand-basin more 
than one, $2.50 additional. 

Stables. 

Private stables — including water for washing car- 
riages, _____ 6.00 
And for eacli horse over two, _ _ _ 2.00 
Livery stables — including water for washing car- 
riages, for each horse, - _ _ 2.00 
Omnibus stables, for each horse, - - 2.00 
Truckmen's stables, for each horse, - - 1.25 

Ehse. 

For the right to attach a hose of not exceeding 
five -eighths of an inch orifice, for washing win- 
dows, sprinkling streets, washing carriages, or 
other purposes, in addition to the charge for 
other uses, not less than - - - 3.00 

7 



50 ORDINANCES. 

For the right to insert a pipe of not more than one 
inch diameter to be done at the expense of the 
taker, and to be used only in case of fire, in 
addition to the charge for other uses, - - $ 3.00 

Baths. 
Public Baths, for each tub, _ _ _ 5.00 

Printing Offices. 

For each printing ofiice, according to the number 
of presses used, not including supplying of 
steam engine, - - - $6.00 to 40.00 

Refeetories. 

Confectioneries, eating houses, market and fish 
stalls, provision shops, refreshment and oyster 
saloons, according to the amount of water used, $5.00 to 40.00 

Steam Engines. 

For stationary steam engines, working not over 

twelve hours per day, on each horse power, - 6.00 

Railroad Corporations. 

For each locomotive engine in daily use, supplied 

for outward and inward trains, - - 150.00 

For each engine watering for outward trip only, 

once a day, _ ^ _ _ 75.00 

For supplying of passenger station for water closets, 
washing cars, and other uses at the station, not 
including watering the streets, - - ' 75.00 

Building Purposes. 
For each cask of lime or cement used, - - 6 cents. 

For large quantities of water to brewers, distillers 
and for other uses not specified under specific 
regulations for determining the quantity, when 
the estimated average quantity consumed is less 
than 500 gallons per day, for each 100 gallons 
of estimated daily consumption, - - 15.00 

When the quantity used is more than 500 gallons 
and less than 1,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, - 12.00 



ORDINANCES. Oi 

When the quantity used is more than 1,000 gallons 
and less than 2,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, - $10.00 

When the quantity used is more than 2,000 gallons 
and less than 10,000 gallons per day, for each 
100 gallons of estimated daily consumption, - 8.00 

For larger quantities required for specific purposes, 
the price shall be fixed by the Water Kegistrar, 
but in no case at less than one cent for one 
hundred gallons. 

Fountains. 

Fountains aft only to be used at the discretion of 
the Cochituate Water Board, and will be charged 
upon the estimated average quantity used per 
day, for each 100 gallons daily consumption, - 3.00 

When water is required for purposes, which are not specified 
in the above Tariff, the rate shall be fixed by the Cochituate 
Water Board. 

Provided, nevertheless, that in special cases, the Cochituate 
Water Board shall have authority to make such alterations in the 
foregoing rates, as, in their judgment, the interests of the city 
may require. • [JPassed, Nov. 17, 1850.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Water 

Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Whenever two or more dwelling houses or other estates shall 
be valued together for the assessment of taxes, and whenever a 
portion only of any estate is justly chargeable for any water rate, 
it shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under the direction 
and control of the Cochituate Water Board, to make a separate 
valuation of said dwelling houses, or other estates, and to make a 
proper valuation of such portion of any estate ; and the Water 
rates, provided by the ordinance to which this is in addition, shall 
apply to such valuations respectively. [^Passed, Nov. 3, 1851.] 



52 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to Contracts with City Officers. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Coimcil assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. No member of the city council, no member of any 
board, and no individual chosen by the city council, shall be in- 
terested in a private capacity, directly or indirectly, in any con- 
tract or agreement for labor or for any materials, goods, wares or 
merchandise furnished to the city, wherein the city is a party 
interested, unless the same be expressly authorized to be made 
and entered into with such member, by some ordinance or order 
of the city council. • 

Sect. 2. All contracts, agreements, purchases and sales, made 
contrary to the preceding section, shall be utterly void, at the 
pleasure of the city council, and no bill against the city arising 
out of or connected with any such contract, agreement, purchase 
or sale, shall be approved by any committee, passed by the au- 
ditor, or paid by the treasurer, unless approved and allowed by 
express vote of the city council. \_Passed, Bee. 23, 1850.] 



An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and providing for 
Preventing and Extinguishing Fires. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. The fire department shall consist of a chief engineer, 
of nine other engineers, and of as many enginemen, hydrant-men, 
and hook and ladder men, to be divided into companies, as the 
number of engines and the number and quantity of other fire ap- 
paratus belonging to the city shall from time to time require. 

Sect. 2. There shall be chosen annually, by the city council, 
in the months of January or February, a chief engineer and nine 
other engineers, who shall hold their offices one year and until 
others are chosen in their places ; provided, however, that no 
assistant engineer shall hold over in case five of the new board 
are elected : and in all cases of holding over, preference shall be 
given to seniority of age. 

Sect. 3. The city council may, by a concurrent vote at any 
time, remove from office the chief engineer, or any of the other 
engineers ; and the mayor and aldermen may at any time discharge 
any or all of the officers or members of either of said companies. 



ORDINANCES. 63 

Sect. 4. Each engineer shall, upon his appointment, receive 
a written or printed certificate or warrant, in the words following, 
viz : " This certifies that A. B. is appointed an engineer, (or chief 
engineer) of the fire department of the city of Boston, and is en- 
titled to all the immunities belonging to said office. 

Given under my hand this day of A. D. 18 

Mayor. 
City Clerk." 

And the respective rank of the engineers shall be determined 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 5. The engineers, so chosen, shall meet and organize 
themselves into a board of engineers, a majority of whom shall 
form a quorum, and of which, in the absence of the chief engineer, 
the senior engineer present shall be presiding officer ; and they 
may appoint such secretary or other officers, and make such rales 
and regulations for their own government, as they may see fit, 
and such secretary shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may deem expedient. They shall be responsible for the 
discipline, good order, and proper conduct of the whole depart- 
ment, both officers and men, and for the care of all houses, en- 
gines, hose carriages, and other furniture and apparatus thereto 
belonging. They shall have the superintendence and control of 
all the engine and other houses used for the purposes of the fire 
department, and of all furniture and apparatus thereto belonging, 
and of the engines and all other fire apparatus belonging to the 
city, and over the officers and members of the several companies 
attached to the fire department, and over all persons present at 
fires, and they may make such rules and regulations for the bet- 
ter government, discipline and good order of the department, and 
for the extinguishment of fires, as they may from time to time, 
think expedient, the same not being repugnant to the laws of this 
commonwealth, or to any ordinance of the city, and being subject 
to the approbation of the mayor and aldermen. The assistant en- 
gineers shall report their absences from fires to the chief engineer, 
with the reasons therefor, who shall keep a record of the same, 
and make a report thereof, stating all the facts, to the city council, 
every year prior to the election of engineers. In the absence of 
the chief engineer the clerk shall make said record and report. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of said engineers, whenever a 
fire shall break out in the city, immediately to repair to the place 
of such fire, and to carry with them a suitable stafl" or badge of 
their office ; to take proper measures that the several engines and 
■ other apparatus be arranged in the most advantageous situations, 
and duly worked for the effectual extinguishment of the fire ; to 
require and compel assistance from all persons, as well members 
of the fire department as others, in extinguishing the fire, remov- 



54 ORDINANCES. 

ing furniture, goods, or other merchandise, from any building on 
fire, or in danger thereof, and to appoint guards to secure the 
same : and also in pulling down or demohshing any house or 
building if occasion require, and further to suppress all tumults 
and disorders. It shall also be their duty to cause order to be 
preserved in going to, working at, or returning from fires, and at 
all other times when companies attached to the department are on 
duty. 

Sect. 7. Whenever any fire occurs in either of the adjoining 
towns, it shall be the duty of only such and so many of said en- 
gineers to repair to such towns, as shall have been previously 
designated for such purpose by the board of engineers. 

Sect. 8. The chief engineer shall have the sole command at 
fires over all the other engineers, all members of the fire depart- 
ment, and all other persons who may be present at fires, and 
shall direct all proper measures for the extinguishment of fires, 
protection of property, preservation of order, and observance of 
the laws, ordinances and regulations respecting fires ; and it shall 
be the duty of said chief engineer to examine into the condition 
of the engines and all other fire apparatus, and of the engine and 
other houses belonging to the city and used for the purposes of 
the fire department, and of the companies attached to the said 
department, as often as circumstances may render it expedient, 
or whenever directed so to do by the mayor and aldermen, or by 
the committee of the board of aldermen on the fire department, 
and annually to report the same to the mayor and aldermen, and 
oftener if thereunto requested ; also, to cause a full description 
of the same, together with the names of the officers and members 
of the fire department, to be published annually in such manner 
as the mayor and aldermen shall direct ; and whenever the en- 
gines or other fire apparatus, engine or other houses used by the 
fire department, require alterations, additions, or repairs, the 
chief engineer, under the direction of the board of aldermen or of 
the committee on the fire department shall cause the same to be 
made ; and it shall be moreover the duty of the chief engineer to 
receive and transmit to the board of aldermen all returns of offi- 
cers, members and fire apparatus, made by the respective compa-- 
nies as hereinafter prescribed, and all other communications relat- 
ing to the afiairs of the fire department ; to keep fair and exact 
rolls of the respective companies, specifying the time of admission 
and discharge, and the age of each member ; to report in writing 
to the city clerk, who shall keep a record of the same, once in 
each year, or oftener if directed so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, all accidents by fire which may happen within the city, with 
the causes thereof as well as can be ascertained, and the number 



ORDINANCES. 00 

and description of the buildings destroyed or injured, together 
■with the names of the owners or occupants. 

Sect. 9. In case of the absence of the chief engineer, tlie en- 
gineer next in rank who may be present shall execute the duties 
of his office, with full powers. 

Sect. 10. As many engine, hydrant and hook and ladder 
companies shall from time to time be formed by the mayor and 
aldermen, as they shall deem expedient, and each of said compa- 
nies shall consist of as many men as said mayor and aldermen 
may determine, who shall be appointed exclusively by them. 

Sect. 11. No person under tAventy-one years of age shall be 
employed as a member of the fire department ; nor shall any per- 
son be so employed, who is not a citizen of the United States, and 
a legal voter in the city of Boston. 

[Sect. 12. The terms of service for the members of the fire 
department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, and in the same company in which he enters, except in 
cases of sickness, death, or removal from the city, or who shall be 
removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit any and all compensa- 
tion that would otherwise have been due to him at the time when 
such service ceased, or such removal took place.] 

[Sect. 13. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated by the 
members to the board of engineers ; and being by them approved, 
their names shall be sent to the board of mayor and aldermen for 
approval or rejection, and, in case of rejection, another person 
shall be nominated as aforesaid, before the next meeting of the 
mayor and aldermen ; and these officers when elected shall receive 
certificates of appointment signed by the mayor, and shall hold 
their places until removed, or until others are appointed in their 
stead.] 

Sect. 14. Whenever any person shall have received his cer- 
tificate of appointment to any office under this ordinance, he shall 
thereby be immediately invested with all the authority conferred, 
and subject to all the duties imposed by the laws, the city ordi- 
nances, and the rules and regulations of the fii-e department, until 
discharged therefrom, either by death or resignation, or by order 
of the mayor and aldermen or the board of engineers, as herein- 
after provided for ; and the vacancy occasioned by his discharge 
shall be filled, as soon as may be, in the manner herein prescribed. 

Sect. 15. It shall be the duty of the foreman to see that the 
several engines and apparatus committed to their care, and the 

Sections 12 and 13, in brackets, have been repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



5Q ORDINANCES. 

several buildings in which the same are deposited, and all things in 
or belonging to the same, are kept neat, clean, and in order for 
immediate use ; it shall also be their duty to preserve order and 
discipline at all times in their respective companies, and require 
and enforce a strict compliance with the city ordinances, the rules 
and regulations of the department, and the orders of the engineers. 
Thpy shall also keep or cause to be kept by the clerks of their 
respective companies, fair and exact rolls, specifying the time of 
admission, discharge and age of each member, and accounts of all 
city property entrusted to the care of the several members, and 
of all absences and tardiness among the same, in a book provided 
for that purpose by the city, which rolls or record books are always 
to be subject io the order of the board of engineers and the mayor 
and aldermen. They shall also make or cause to be made to the 
chief engineer, true and accurate returns of all the members, with 
their ages, and the apparatus entrusted to their care, whenever 
called upon so to do. 

Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of the officers and members of 
the several engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder companies, when- 
ever a fire shall break out in the city, to repair forthwith to their 
respective engines, hose, hook and ladder carriages, and other 
apparatus, and to convey them in as orderly a manner as may be, 
to or near the place where the fire may be, in conformity with the 
direction of the chief or other engineers ; to exert themselves in 
the most orderly manner possible, in working and managing the 
said engines, hose, hooks and ladders, and other apparatus ; and 
in performing any duty that they may be called upon to do, by any 
engineer ; and upon permission of the chief or other engineer, 
shall in an orderly and quiet manner return said engines, hose, 
hook and ladder carriages, and other apparatus, to their respec- 
tive places of deposit. Provided, that in the absence of all the 
engineers such direction and permission may be given by their 
respective foremen. 

Sect. 17. Any officer or other member may be removed or 
dismissed from the fire department by a vote of the chief engineer 
and two thirds of the assistant engineers and said vote shall be 
final unless in the case of officers, the same shall be reversed by 
the mayor and aldermen within fourteen days after it shall have 
been passed. 

Sect. 18. In all cases of removal from office by the engineers, 
the name of the party removed, with a statement of the reasons 
therefor, shall be entered on their records, and a copy of the same 
shall be transmitted to the board of mayor and aldermen, before 
their next regular meeting. 

Sect. 19. No officer, who may have been dismissed or re- 
moved from the fire department, shall be reinstated therein, unless 



ORDINANCES. O i 

by a vote of the chief engineer and two thirds of the assistant en- 
gineers, and, in such case, said vote shall not take effect until 
confirmed by the board of mayor and aldermen, and no member 
shall be reinstated except by a vote of three fourths of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 20. Every company shall have two or more suction hose 
men and three or more leadmg hose men to be appointed by the 
foreman of such company, subject to the approval of the board of 
engineers, and they shall hold their places for six months, unless 
sooner removed by the said board. For the purpose of discharge 
and removal, suction and leading hose men shall be regarded as 
members and not as officers. 

Sect. 21. The steward shall hold his office in like manner for 
not less than six months. It shall be his duty to keep clean the 
house, the engine, hose, or other apparatus which may belong to 
the company, to clear the snow in winter from the sidewalk con- 
nected with the house, and generally to see that the engine and 
apparatus are ready for immediate use. 

(Sect. 22. The engineers and members of the several compa- 
nies regularly appointed shall wear such caps, badges, or insignia, 
as the mayor and aldermen shall from time to time direct, to be 
furnished at the expense of the city, and no other person or per- 
sons shall be permitted to wear the same, except under such re- 
strictions and regulations as the mayor and aldermen may direct. 

Sect. 23. No uniform, unless such caps, badges, and insignia 
as are prescribed from time to time by the mayor and aldermen, 
shall be allowed to be worn on any occasion, as firemen, by either 
officers or men belonging to the department. 

Sect. 24. No company shall have power to appoint or dis- 
charge any officer or member. 

Sect. 25. No company shall leave the city, in case of fire in 
the neighboring towns, excepting by the express order of the chief 
engineer or one of the assistant engineers ; and no company shall 
leave the city on an excursion, or appear in the streets, as firemen, 
except in case of an alarm of fire, unless by the express direction 
and permission of the City Council. 

Sect. 26. The lower story only of the engine, hydrant, and 
hook and ladder houses, shall be appropriated to the use of the 
department ; and no furniture or decorations shall be allowed, 
except such as is furnished by the city. 

Sect. 27. No associations or organized societies or clubs of 
firemen, as such, shall be allowed, except by the express permis- 
sion of the City Council. 

[Sect. 28. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of each company 
to enter in the roll book provided by the city, all absences and 



58 ORDINANCES. 

tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and to 
make a monthly return of the same to the board of engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in cases of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member, 
such sum, not exceeding fifty cents, as the said board may order 
and determine. And iS» any officer or member shall have been 
absent or tardy at more than one third of the fires or alarms of fires, 
except in case of sickness, during the month, such absences or 
tardiness shall be considered good cause for his discharge from the 
department, if more than five.] 

Sect. 29. Any officer or member of the fire department who 
shall wilfully neglect or refuse to peform his duty, or shall be 
guilty of disorderly conduct or disobedience to his superiors in 
office, shall for such offence, be dismissed from the department, 
and any officer or member, who shall offend against any ordinance 
of the city relating to the fire department, shall, in addition to the 
liabiUty of dismission, be hable to a penalty of not less than five, 
nor more than twenty dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 30. Every member and every officer of the fire depart- 
ment shall sign the following statement, to be deposited with the 
board of engineers. " I, A. B. having been appointed a member 
" of the Boston Fire Department, hereby signify my agreement to 
" abide by all the ordinances of the City Council, and the rules 
" and regulations of the Mayor and Aldermen, and the board of 
" engineers relating thereto." And any officer or member who 
shall neglect or refuse to sign the same, shall not be entitled to 
any compensation whatsoever. 

Sect. 31. It shall be the duty of the chief engineer, or other 
engineers, to report to the mayor and aldermen, the name of every 
person not a member of either of said companies, who shall, con- 
trary to law, refuse or neglect to obey any orders of any engineer, 
given at any fire. 

Sect. 32. It shall be the duty of such of the constables or 
police officers of the city, as may be selected by the engineers for 
that service, to repair with their staves, or such other badges of 
office as the mshjor and aldermen shall direct, on the alarm of fire, 
immediately to the place where the fire may be, and there to use 
their best skill and power under the direction of the chief engineer, 
for the preservation of the public peace, and the prevention of 
theft and destruction of property, and the removal of all suspected 
persons ; for which service the constables or police officers shall 
receive such compensation as shall be in each case ordered by the 
mayor and aldermen. 



Section 28, in brackets, repealed by subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 59 

Sect. 33. Immediately on the alarm of fire, during the night, 
it shall be the duty of the respective watchmen to give notice 
thereof within their respective districts, by springing their rattles, 
crying " jfire," or ringing a bell, and mentioning the street or di- 
rection where it may be ; and if any watchman shall neglect so to 
do, he shall forfeit and pay two dollars, and if it shall happen that 
a chimney only shall be on fire, either by night or day, the bell 
shall not be rung, but only when a building is proclaimed to be on 
fire. 

Sect. 34. Whenever it shall be adjudged at any fire, by any 
three or more of the engineers, of whom the chief engineer, if pres- 
ent, shall be one, to be necessary, in order to prevent the further 
spreading of the fire, to pull down or otherwise demolish any 
building, the same may be done by their joint order. 

Sect. 35. It shall be the duty of the chief and other engineers 
to inquire for and examine into all shops and other places, where 
shavings or other such combustible materials may be collected and 
deposited, and at all times to be vigilant in taking care of the 
removal of the same, whenever in the opinion of any two of them, 
the same may be dangerous to the security of the city from fires, 
and to direct the tenant or occupant of said shops or other places, 
to remove the same ; and, in case of such tenant's or occupant's 
neglect or refusal so to do, to cause the same to be removed at the 
expense of such tenant or occupant, who shall in addition be liable 
to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars for such neglect or re- 
fusal and any person who shall obstruct the engineers or any 
of them in carrying out the provisions of this section, shall also be 
liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars. It shall also be 
the duty of said engineers to take cognizance of, and to cause 
prosecution to be instituted in all cases of infraction of the laws 
relative to the erection of wooden buildings, or of any other laws 
or ordinances for the prevention of fire within the limits of the 
city. 

Sect. 36. The power of making and establishing rules and 
regulations for the transportation and keeping of gunpowder within 
the city of Boston, and of granting licenses for the keeping and 
sale thereof in the city, according to the provisions of an act en- 
titled " an act further regulating the storage, safe keeping, and 
transportation of gunpowder in the city of Boston," and of any 
other act or acts on the same subject, shall be exercised and per- 
formed by the chief and other engineers, and the power and duty 
of seizing any gunpowder kept or being within the city or harbor 
thereof, contrary to the provisions of the said act or acts, shall be 
exercised and performed by the said engineers or any of them ; 
and in case of any seizure being made, by any engineer other than 
the chief, he shall forthwith report to the chief engineer, who shall 



60 OEDINANCES. 

cause said gunpowder to be libelled and prosecuted in the manner 
prescribed in the said acts, and all the other powers and duties 
granted and enjoined in and bj the. said act or acts, shall be per- 
formed by the said chief or one of the other engineers. 

Sect. 37. All moneys received for fines, forfeitures, and pen- 
alties, arising under this ordinance and the laws of this common- 
wealth, regulating the storage and transportation of gunpowder, 
the erection of buildings within the city of Boston, and the pre- 
vention and extinguishment of fire, unless by such laws otherwise 
specially provided, shall be paid into the treasury of the city, to 
be applied in such way as is provided in the acts of this comnion- 
wealth. 

Sect. 38. Every person who shall have served according to 
law in the fire department for seven successive years, shall be en- 
titled to receive a certificate thereof, signed by the mayor of said 
city, and all persons who shall receive said certificate as afore- 
said, shall be entitled to wear the badge of the department, and 
to do duty therein, when desired so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, under such organization and management as they may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 39. There shall be paid annually to each member of the 
department such sum as the City Council may, from time to time, 
determine ; and in case of the temporary absence from the city of 
any member, for forty-eight hours or more, he shall provide a 
substitute, to be approved by the foreman of his company, whose 
name he shall return to the clerk of the same, failing in which he 
shall forfeit one month's compensation, provided the same may be 
due him up to the time of such absence. 

Sect. 40. The members of the several companies shall not 
assemble in the houses entrusted to their care, except for the pur- 
pose of nominating officers, taking the engine or apparatus on an 
alarm of fire, and of returning the same to the house, and taking 
the necessary care of said apparatus after its return. 

Sect. 41. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first day of July next ; and an ordinance " establishing a fire de- 
partment and providing for preventing and extinguishing fires," 
passed June 4th, 1850, shall on said day expire, and be thereafter 
of no effect and void : with the exception of the section thereof 
relating to the burning of chimneys, stove pipes or flues. And 
all ofiicers and members of the Fire Department appointed under 
said ordinance shall on that day be removed therefrom, and shall 
be entitled to pay pro rata to that time. 

\_Passed, June 2, 1851.] 



ORDINANCES. 61 



An Ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hospital. 

Be it ordained hij the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1, The Board of Visitors of the Boston Lunatic Hos- 
pital shall elect annually in the month of June, and whenever a 
vacancy may occur, some suitable Physician, as Superintendent of 
the said Hospital, who shall constantly reside at the same, and 
they shall prescribe his duties. He shall be removable at their 
pleasure, and shall receive such compensation as the city council 
may from time to time determine. The said Superintendent shall 
also perform the duties of Physician to the House of Correction, 
provided the Overseers of said House of Correction shall so elect. 

Sect. 2. An ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hos- 
pital, passed June 19th, 1851, is hereby repealed. 
IPassed July 7, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance providing for the care 
and management of the Boston Water Works. 

Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled^ asfolloivs: 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate Water Board shall have the like 
powers and perform the like duties in relation to the property es- 
tates, rights and privileges of the Boston Aqueduct Corporation, 
now belonging to the City, which they have and perform in rela- 
tion to the Boston Water Works by virtue of the Ordinance, to 
which this is in addition, passed October 31, 1850. 

Sect. 2. The said Water Board shall also have poAver to adopt 
such lawful regulations, establish such Water rates, and make 
such agreements as they may deem expedient for the sale and 
delivery of the water from Jamaica Pond to any persons in the 
city of Roxbury. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under 
the direction of the said Water Board, to assess the amounts to be 
paid according to the said rates or agreements, and to make out 
and distribute bills therefor, and to perform the like duties in rela- 
tion to the same, as he is now required to do in relation to the said 
Boston Water Works. {Passed Sept. 29, 1851.] 



62 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The second section of an Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance 
in addition to an ordinance for the regulation of Faneuil Hall 
Market," passed on the thirtieth day of May, in the year 
eighteen hundred and fifty, and being section numbered twenty, 
on the one hundred and seventeenth page of the Revised Ordi- 
nances, is hereby repealed, and the seventh section of an ordi- 
nance for the regulation of said market, passed on the twenty- 
sixth day of October, in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, 
and being section seven on the one hundred and twelfth and one 
hundred and thirteenth pages of the Revised Ordinances, is here- 
by revived, and shall be in full force and effect. 
[Passed Dec. 29,1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Police. 

Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council, of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled as follows : 

Sect. 1. The police officers appointed by the mayor and alder- 
men, according to law, shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may determine. 

Sect. 2. The mayor and aldermen shall annually, in the month 
of May or June, appoint one of said officers to be Chief of Police, 
■who shall be removable at their pleasure, and who shall give satis- 
factory bonds in the sum of two thousand dollars, for the faithful 
performance of the duties of his office. 

Sect. 3. The said Chief of Police may appoint from said police 
officers one or more deputies, subject to the approval of the mayor 
and aldermen, who may act for him in his absence by consent of 
the mayor. 

Sect. 4. The Chief of Police and his deputies shall receive 
such compensation respectively as the city council may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 5. The Chief of Police shall have precedence and con- 
trol over constables and police officers, when engaged in the same 
service ; and shall have the general superintendence over police 



ORDINANCES. 63 

officers, and may establish such rules and regulations as he may 
deem expedient, subject at all times to the approval of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 6. The office of Chief of Police shall be open at all 
suitable times, under the direction of the mayor and aldermen, for 
the purpose of receiving complaints of the inhabitants respecting 
oSences against the laws and ordinances, and he shall institute 
prosecutions in all proper cases, and shall attend to the trial of the 
same. 

Sect. 7. The said Chief of Police shall keep a correct record 
of all the doings of his office, and shall make a regular report 
thereof to the city council, as often as once in three months, and 
at such other times as they shall require. 

Sect. 8. The said Chief of Police shall devote his whole time 
to the municipal aifairs of the city of Boston, to preserve the 
peace, order and cleanliness thereof, and to this end he shall 
execute and enforce the special laws relating to the city, the 
orders of the city council, and the orders of the mayor and alder- 
men. 

Sect. 9. All and singular the duties now required by any 
ordinance of the city, or orders of the mayor and aldermen, to 
be performed by the City Marshal, or his deputies, shall be per- 
formed by the Chief of Police and his deputies respectively. 

Sect. 10. The said Chief of Police shall take notice of all 
nuisances, impediments and obstructions in the streets, lanes, 
alleys, courts, public places and squares of the city, and shall 
remove the same, or take all proper measures in relation thereto, 
according to law, under the direction of the mayor and alder- 
men. 

Sect. 11. An ordinance providing for the appointment of a 
City Marshal, passed September 12, 1850, is hereby repealed. 
Passed, June 24, 1862. 



An Ordinance in relation to the Survey of Lumber. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

In all cases it shall be competent and lawful for the Surveyor 
General of Lumber to notify and direct his deputies in the survey 
of lumber in rotation, or in such other order or manner ns he 
shall deem expedient, any thing iu the Ordinances of the city to 



64 ORDINANCES. 

the contrary, notwithstanding. Provided, however, that no deputy 
shall be allowed to survey for one person or firm more than forty 
days in any year ; and the Surveyor General shall keep a record 
of the time each deputy shall survey for any and all persons or 
firms, wuth the amount of fees received by each, which record 
shall at all times be open to the inspection of any member of the 
city council. \_Pasud July 12, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as folloios: 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen shall annually in the month 
of June or July, appoint a superintendent of Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket, who shall be removable at their pleasure, and shall receive 
such compensation for his services as the city council shall annu- 
ally direct. 

Sect. 2. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market shall, 
•whenever authorized by the mayor and aldermen, employ one or 
more deputies, who shall be approved by the mayor and aldermen, 
and who shall have power and authority to assist the Superintendent 
in the execution of his office, and on any occasion, when said Su- 
perintendent is not present, to officiate for him in his stead, and to 
perform his duties ; but no deputy shall remain in office longer 
than during the approbation of the mayor and aldermen, and the 
said Superintendent shall be responsible for the conduct of each 
of his deputies, and such deputies shall receive such compensation 
for their services as the city council shall annually direct. The 
mayor and aldermen may invest the Superintendent and his 
deputies with police powers. 

Sect. 3. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market and his 
deputies shall, under the control of the mayor and aldermen, have 
the care and superintendence of said market ; and it shall be 
their duty to preserve order in said market ; to execute and carry 
into effect all the regularions, orders and ordinances, which may 
be duly made and established from time to time by the city 
council, or the mayor and aldermen, for the due regulation of the 
same ; and to keep open at all hours of every market day, after 
the hour of 8 o'clock A. M., the south part of South Market 
street, through the entire length of said street, to the width of 



ORDINANCES. 65 

thirty-five feet from the outside limits of the sidewalk of said 
South Market street. This space shall be kept open and unob- 
structed for the passage of vehicles ; and it shall be the duty of 
the Superintendent and his deputies to enter and prosecute com- 
plaints for any violations of said regulations, orders and ordi- 
nances. 

Sect. 4. The limits of Faneuil Hall Market shall include the 
lower floor, porches, and cellars of the building called Faneuil 
Hall Market, and the streets on each side thereof called North 
Market street and South Market street, except the northerly side- 
walk of North Market street, and the southerly sidewalk of South 
Market street ; and shall also include all those parts of Commer- 
cial street and the street lying between the Market building and 
Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said sidewalks, 
extending easterly and westerly across said street. 

Sect. 5. The said Superintendent and his deputies, under the 
direction of the mayor and aldermen, shall have the control of all 
carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles and carriages within the 
limits of Faneuil Hall Market, and may assign stands within the 
limits of the said market, for the sale of provisions and other 
articles ; and no person shall occupy any stand other than such 
as may be assigned him, or keep any cart, wagon, sleigh, or other 
vehicle, or carriage, horse, or other beast, within the limits ot said 
market, for any longer space of time, or shall range or locate 
them in any other manner or form than such as may be directed 
by said Superintendent or either of his deputies ; and said Super- 
intendent and his deputies shall have power and authority to 
remove from place to place within the Hmits, (if the owners or 
possessors thereof neglect or refuse, after request so to remove 
them, or if the owner or possessor be absent therefrom,) all such 
carts, wagons, sleighs, vehicles and carriages, with their contents 
remaining therein, and all horses and other beasts as shall be 
ranged or formed in any other manner than as directed by said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, and the owner or person 
having charge of any cart wagon, sleigh, other vehicles, or car- 
riages, or any box, barrel, cask, crate, basket, package, tub, or 
other vessel whether empty or not, occupying any place within 
the limits of said market, shall, when directed by said Superin- 
tendent or either of his deputies, remove the same, with their 
contents, or cause the same with their contents to be removed 
without delay, (either without the limits of such market or to 
such place within the same,) as the said superintendent or either 
of his deputies may direct ; and in case of neglect or refusal so 
to do by such owner or possessor, or the absence of them so that 
the direction to remove cannot be given by said Superintendent or 
either of his deputies and immediately complied with, the owner 



66 ORDINANCES. 

or possessor thereof, besides being liable to the penalty herein- 
after mentioned for violation of this ordinance, shall be liable to 
pay the expense of such removal by the Superintendent or either 
of his deputies, and the keeping of the same, and shall not be 
entitled to re-delivery or possession of such property so removed 
by the Superintendent or either of his deputies, until the expen- 
ses of such removal and keeping are paid ; and if said expenses 
are not paid within twenty-four hours after such removal, so much 
of said property so removed may be sold at public auction, after 
being advertised for twenty-four hours, as may be necessary to 
produce the amount in money of said expenses of the removal and 
keeping, and the cost and charges of the sale and advertising 
thereof; and the residue of said property shall be subject to the 
disposal of the owner or person having charge thereof. 

Sect. 6. All horses and other beasts shall be taken from the 
carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles having provisions or 
articles of any kind for sale therein, and which shall stand within 
the limits aforesaid ; and the same shall be conducted to a stable 
or otherwise removed from said limits, by the owner or driver 
having charge of the same ; and it shall be lawful for the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, whenever he or either 
of them shall find any cart, wagon, sleigh, or vehicle or other car- 
riage, or any ox, horse or other beast, standing or being within the 
said limits in a manner or in a place not authorized by law and by 
the ordinances of said city, and not permitted by the consent and 
direotion of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, or 
abandoned and left unprotected, or found within the limits of the 
market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, to cause such 
cart, wagon, sleigh, vehicle or other carriage, with its contents 
therein, and such ox, horse or other beast, to be conducted to 
some stable or other suitable place, and the owner or person 
having the care or keeping thereof shall be liable to pay, before 
the re-delivery thereof to him, the entire cost and expense of the 
removal and keeping thereof during the time it shall be in said 
stable, or other suitable place, together with such further sum of 
money to the city, not exceeding two dollars, for the trouble aris- 
ing in that behalf, as the said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies shall demand, the same to be paid to, and accounted for 
by said Superintendent or his deputies to said City. 

Sect. 7. No person shall at any time, without the permission 
of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, occupy any 
stand within the hniits of said market, with cart, wagon, sleigh, 
vehicle, carriage, bench, box, basket, barrel, cask, crate, tub, or 
other vessel or otherwise, for the purpose of vending any articles 
within the limits of said market, unless he shall before selling or 
offering for sale such articles, satisfy the Superintendent or either 



ORDINANCES. 67 

of hi3 deputies, upon the request of cither of them, by his own 
certificate or otherwise, that all the said articles, enumerating 
them, are the produce of his own farm or some farm not more 
distant than ten miles from his own dwelling house ; and every 
person occupying any such stand in any of the above mentioned 
manners, or with any of said carriages or vessels, contrary to the 
provisions of this ordinance, shall, when directed by the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, forthwith remove without 
the limits of said market, and cause his cart, or other carriage, 
and all his boxes and other vessels, with their contents also, to be 
removed out of the limits of said market ; and if said certificate 
be false, the signer thereof shall forfeit and pay a penalty not ex- 
ceeding twenty dollars, .and also the said Superintendent and his 
deputies shall have po^er and authority to remove the same in 
the manner provided in the fifth and sixth sections of this ordi- 
nance, or either of them. The Superintendent or his deputies 
under the direction of the mayor and aldermen, may assign stands, 
alloAving them to be taken the evening previous to any one market 
day, to those persons who come a distance greater than fifteen 
miles from Boston, with produce for the market. 

Sect. 8. When any person occupying any stand, in the 
streets within the limits of said market, shall employ any agent 
or servant to sell in said market, any articles for him, or on his 
account, such servant or agent shall not sell any articles upon 
account of or for any other person than the person so employing 
him, nor shall any person occupying a stand as aforesaid, or his 
servant or agent, be permitted to purchase any provisions or other 
articles within the limits of said market for the purpose of selling 
the same therein again, or exposing the same therein for sale, or 
permitting any person to sell the same for him therein ; nor shall 
he be permitted to sell within said limits, or expose for sale 
therein, any provisions or other articles for, or on account of, any 
person not entitled to a stand therein by the terms of this ordi- 
nance. 

Sect. 9. All the butter brought within the limits of said 
market for sale, shall be sold by weight, and if it is in lumps, 
each lump shall contain one or more even or integral pounds, half 
or quarter pounds, weight ; and the Superintendent and his depu- 
ties shall have power and authority to take and weigh all butter 
in lumps so exposed for sale in said market, and if found deficient 
in weight, to destroy the form of said lumps. 

Sect. 10. If any person shall, within the limits of said mar- 
ket, sell or ofier to sell, or exhibit for sale, any article which 
shall be deficient in the weight or measure for which he sells the 
same, or offers or exhibits the same for sale, or shall practice any 



68 ORDINANCES. 

fraudulent dealing within said limits, and shall be convicted thereof 
or shall be convicted of any breach of this ordinance, or either of 
the offences enumerated in it, he shall not be permitted to use or 
hire a stall, or have or occupy a stand within the limits of said 
market, either as principal, servant or agent, for the purpose of 
selling or oifering for sale any articles in said market, for the 
term of one year from and after such conviction, unless specially 
authorized by the mayor and aldermen so to do, after such con- 
viction, and their knowledge of the same. 

Sect. 11. The several stalls in said market shall be leased to 
the respective occupants by written leases, the conditions of which 
shall be prescribed by the mayor and aldermen ; and the rent 
thereof, together with the rent of the cellars under said stalls, 
shall be paid to the said Superintendent of the market, or to such 
person as the mayor and aldermen shall appoint, and at such 
times as the mayor and aldermen shall determine ; and such les- 
sees shall not underlet the same, or any part of said stalls or cel- 
lars, nor permit the same or any part thereof, to be occupied by 
any other person without the assent of the mayor and aldermen, 
under the penalty of forfeiting the right to their respective cellars, 
stalls, and leases. 

Sect. 12. The said lessees shall not throw, or permit to be 
thrown, or to remain within the precincts of their respective stalls, 
any oflfal, animal substance, scrapings, or any kind of dirt, filth, 
useless or offensive matter, but shall forthwith remove the same 
or cause the same to be deposited in some tight vessel, to be 
approved of by the said Superintendent or either of his deputies, 
and to be removed by said lessee as the said Superintendent or 
either of his deputies shall direct. 

Sect. 13. No person shall throw or sweep any offal, animal 
or vegetable substance, scrapings or sweepings, damaged salt or 
pickle, or foul water from the stalls or cellars into the passage- 
ways, or on the side-walks, or into the streets adjoining said 
market house, at any time during the day or night. Nor shall 
any person within the limits of said market sell, or offer to sell or 
expose for sale, or have in his possession, any meat, fish, bread, 
vegetables, tallow, skins, pelts, poultry, or other articles, which in 
the opinion of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, shall 
be diseased, corrupted, tainted or unwholesome ; but such person 
shall, when directed by said Superintendent or either of his depu- 
ties, forthwith remove all such articles from said limits to such 
suitable place as the said Superintendent or either of his deputies 
shall order ; and if such person shall refuse or neglect to comply 
with such direction, or if the owner or person having charge of 
such articles be absent for more than one hour's time, the said 



ORDINANCES. 69 

Superintendent or either of his deputies shall forthwith remove 
the same, or cause the same to be removed from said limits to 
such suitable place as aforesaid, at the expense of such person ; 
and if in the judgment of said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies, it shall be necessary for the public health, it shall be 
their duty to destroy the same ; and if any person shall hinder, 
obstruct or molest said Superintendent or any of his deputies in 
the premises, he shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding twenty 
dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 14. When the lessee of any stall, or occupant of any 
cellar in said market house, shall from any cause whatever vacate 
the same, or shall receive notice from the mayor and aldermen to 
vacate the same, or shall neglect or refuse to pay his rent for the 
space of twenty-four hours, or shall neglect or refuse to comply 
with any regulations established for the good order and cleanli- 
ness of the said market house, and its entries, passage-ways, side- 
walks and the streets adjoining said house, the stall or stalls and 
cellar of such lessee shall thereupon revert to the city, and be at 
the disposal of the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 15. No person shall, within the walls of Faneuil Hall 
Market House, or on the side-walks of the same, or within the 
aforesaid limits of the said market, play at any game, or lie down 
or sleep, or behave in a disorderly, noisy, or riotous manner ; nor 
shall any person within the limits of said market smoke, or have 
in his possession any lighted pipe or segar. And it shall be the 
duty of the said Superintendent and his deputies to prevent idle 
and disorderly persons, itinerant pedlers, and transient persons 
selling newspapers, matches or other articles, or making outcries 
or noises, from frequenting or tarrying in said market house or 
within the limits of said market, and to cause all such persons so 
offending to be removed and to be prosecuted. 

Sect. 16. No horse or other beast, and no cart, wagon, sleigh 
or other vehicle, shall be permitted to stand within the limits of 
said market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, nor shall 
any person continue to do any business within the limits of said 
market on any week day after the sunsetting of such day, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, nor on any evening after the closing of the market 
house ; and if any person shall place or leave any wagon, cart, 
sleigh or other vehicle, box, barrel, crate, cask, or other vessel, 
empty or otherwise, within the limits of said market on any part 
of the Lord's day or evening, or any week day after sunset, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, or on any evening after the closing of the market 
house, he shall forfeit a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars; 



70 ORDINANCES. 

and tlie said Superintendent or either of his deputies may cause 
the same to be removed, in the manner provided in the fifth and 
sixth sections of this ordinance or either of them. 

Sect. IT. Lessees of stalls and occupants of stands shall not 
incumber the main passageway or cross passages within the said 
market-house, nor the passageways outside of said house in front 
of the doorways and leading into the middle of the streets, nor 
any of the avenues leading to and from the said market, with any 
casks, barrels, meat, or other articles or incumbrances. 

Sect. 18. Any person may offer and sell, from house to house, 
in any of the pubhc streets, lanes, alleys, or squares in the city 
from out of carts, wagons or sleighs, any meat, poultry, vegetables, 
fruit or other articles of provisions on all days when Faneuil Hall 
Market is open ; subject, however, to any order of the mayor and 
aldermen respecting the standing of carriages in the streets, and 
to the ordinances regulating the sale of provisions and the throw- 
ing of offal into the streets. No person, unless duly authorized 
by the mayor and aldermen, shall place any stall, bench, box, 
basket, barrel, block or table, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, 
squares, or public places of the city, on which to exhibit any arti- 
cles of meat, poultry, vegetables, or other articles of provisions, 
for sale. 

Sect. 19. During the two days next preceding the annual 
Thanksgiving and Christmas, and during the evening market 
hours of the day preceding the annual Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas, any person may be allowed to retail within the limits of 
Faneuil Hall Market, any provisions of any kind, wherever ob- 
tained, either from cart, wagon, or other vehicle, or from any box, 
basket, barrel, bench or table, provided they shall occupy such 
stand, thus to retail and sell, as the Superintendent or either of 
his deputies may assign to them, and conforming to, and subject 
to the same regulations and penalties, as intended and expressed 
in the several sections of this ordinance. 

Sect. 20. Every person offending against any of the provis- 
ions of this ordinance, shall in addition to the penalties before 
prescribed, forfeit and pay a sum not less than two dollars, nor 
more than twenty dollars, to be recovered on complaint before the 
Police Court of the City of Boston ; but in no case shall all the 
penalties for one offence exceed the sum of twenty dollars. 

Sect. 21. The said Superintendent shall pay over all moneys 
by him received to the city treasurer, and shall make a quarterly 
report to the mayor and aldermen of all sums so received and 
paid over. 

Sect. 22. An Ordinance providing for the appointment of 
a Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, passed October 14, 1833, 



ORDINANCES. 71 

and any other Ordinance inconsistent herewith, is hereby re- 
pealed. Provided, hotvever, that the passage of this Ordinance 
shall not affect any act done or any right accruing or accrued, or 
established, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any 
civil case, nor any offence committed, nor any penalty or forfeiture 
incurred, nor any suit or prosecution pending for any offence 
committed, or for the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture in- 
curred under any of said Ordinances hereby repealed ; and all 
persons who hold any oflfice under said Ordinance shall continue 
to hold the same according to the tenor thereof, and no Ordinance 
which has heretofore been repealed, shall be revived by the repeal 
before mentioned. [^Passed, September 9, 1852.] 



An Ordinance to establish the office of Messenger to the City 

Council. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloivs: 

Sect. 1. There shall be annually chosen in the month of 
April or May, by concurrent vote of both branches of the city 
council, a Messenger to the city council, who shall hold his office 
for one year and until another is chosen in his place, subject to 
removal at any time by the city council. 

Sect. 2. The said officer shall devote his whole time to the 
service of the city, and shall attend all meetings of the mayor 
and aldermen and of the common council and of the grammar 
and primary school committees. He shall have the general care 
and custody of the City Hall and of the various apartments 
thereof. He shall wait upon all committees and boards when in 
session at the City Hall, and, in general, shall perform all services 
required by the mayor, by either branch of the city council, or by 
such committees or boards. 

Sect. 3. The said officer shall appoint an assistant, subject to 
the approval of the city council, who shall hold his office one year 
unless sooner removed by him or by the city council. 

Sect. 4. The said Messenger and his assistant shall receive 
such compensation as the city council may from time to time 
determine. [^Passed, Oct. 14, 1852.] 



72 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to the Public Library. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
January, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city 
council, one member of the board of mayor and aldermen, one 
member of the common council, and five citizens at large, to con- 
stitute a Board of Trustees for the Public Library, who shall 'hold 
their oflBces until others are chosen in their places, and any va- 
cancy in said board shall be filled immediately, as aforesaid. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet and organize 
themselves into a board by the choice of one of their number as 
President, and they may make such rules and regulations for 
their own government and in relation to subordinate officers by 
them appointed, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The said Trustees shall have the general care and 
control of the Public Library and of the expenditure of all 
moneys appropriated therefor ; they may make such rules and 
regulations in relation to the same and may appoint such subordi- 
nate officers, as they may consider necessary and expedient, and 
may fix their compensation, provided that the same shall not ex- 
ceed in the whole, the sum appropriated therefor by the city 
council. But the provisions mentioned in this section shall at all 
times be subject to any limitations or restrictions by the city 
council. 

Sect. 4. The said Trustees on or before the 15th of Novem- 
ber annually shall present to the city council a report containing 
a statement of the condition of the Library, the number of books 
that have been added during the past year, with an account of all 
receipts and expenditures, together with such information or sug- 
gestions as they may deem important, and they shall at the same 
time transmit to the city council the annual report of the exami- 
nation of the Library hereinafter mentioned. 

Sect. 6. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
October, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by concurrent vote of 
the two branches of the city council, a Librarian for the City 
Library, who shall be a citizen of Boston, and who shall hold his 
office until a successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall 
be removable at the pleasure of the city council, and shall receive 
such compensation as the council may determine. 

Sect. 6. The Librarian shall have the immediate care and 
custody of the Public Library ; he shall perform any and all of 
the services in relation to the same, and shall obey all rules that 



ORDINANCES. 79 

may be prescribed by the said Trustees, and he shall act as their 
secretary, and shall keep full and accurate records of all their 
doings as a board. 

Sect. 7. The Trustees shall annually appoint a committee of 
five citizens at large, who, together with a Trustee as chairman, 
shall examine the Library and make report of its condition to the 
Trustees. 

Sect. 8. No payment of money shall be made on account of 
the Library, except by order of the board and in pursuance of a 
warrant signed by the President. 

Sect. 9. A letter of acknowledgment signed by the President, 
and countersigned by the Librarian, shall be promptly returned to 
each person making a donation to the Library. 

Sect. 10. In prescribing the regulations relative to the care 
and use of the books, it shall be the duty of the Trustees to adopt 
such measures as shall extend the benefits of the institution as 
widely as practicable throughout the community. 
[Passed Oct. 14, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Dogs. 

£e it ordained hi/ the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

The fee for a license, which is required to be paid to the City 
Clerk by the second section of an Ordinance restraining the going 
at large of Dogs within the City of Boston, passed June 4, 1850, 
shall hereafter be paid to the Chief of Police, and all acts required 
by said Ordinance to be done by the City Clerk, shall hereafter be 
performed by the said Chief of Police. \_Passed Dec. 20, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Water 

Kates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate "Water Board is hereby authorized 
to ascertain by meters or otherwise, the quantity of w^ater used in 
any case, and to establish the water rate to be paid therefor. 
Provided, that the said water rate shall in no case be less than 

10 



74 ORDINANCES. 

the price now directod to be paid for large quantities of water for 
uses not specified under specific regulations for determining the 
quantity. 

Sect. 2. So much of the ordinance to which this is in addition 
as is inconsistent herewith is hereby repealed. 

[I'assed JJecemfjer 23, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an " Ordinance in relation to the 
Common, tlie Public Squares, and Public Fountains of 'the 
City," passed May 13, 18.00. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
of the City of liositon, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. No person, except by permission of the mayor and 
aldermen shall climb, break, peel, cut, deface, either by posting 
uf) bills of any deHcrij)tion or otherwise, remove, injure, or destroy, 
any of the Trees growing, or which shall hereafter be planted on 
the Common, or either of the Malls adjoining the Common, or on 
the Common Lands of the city, or in any street, or public place 
of tlio city ; and no person shall in any way fasten any horse or 
other animal to any of said trees, or allow any horse or other 
animal owned by him, or under his control, to stand so near to the 
same thiit they may be gnawed or otherwise injured by any horse 
or other animal so fastened, or permitted to stund. 

Sect. 2. Any person who shall olfcnd against any of the pro- 
visions of this Ordinance, shall be liable to the penalty prescribed 
in the Ordinance to which this is in addition. 

Skot. 3. The fifth section of " An Ordinance in relation to 
the Common, the Public Scjuarcs and l.'ublic Fountains of the 
City, passed May 13, 18rj0," is hereby repealed. 
irassed December 27, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to the Fire 
Department, passed June 2d, 1851. 

Be it ordained, by the Mayor, A Idermen and, Comm,on Council 
of the City of JJonton, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. '.rhe t(!rm of service for the members of the Fire 
Pcpartment shall commence on the fii'st day of the month, and 
ehall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 



OJlDINAiXCKS. 76 

or mombor wlio hIimII not Horvo tho wliolo of Hiiid pci-iod of hIx 
months, oxooj)t in cuhoh oi" nickriOHH, (loii,Ui, or njinoviil IVoiii tlio 
city, or vvlio hIiuU bo rornovod tliorolVoiii lor cauHo, hIiuII lorfcit 
atiy and nil (ioinixni.siiiion tliiii wouM olIifirvviHo liavo Ixmmi diio to 
liiiri iit tli(5 tiiiio wlioii micli H(!rvico cciihcmI, or Hiicli r<iiiiov;d took 
placo. 

SioOT. 2. ]<]v(;ry company Hliall have a lorciiKui, an aH;ii;ilinit 
foroinan, a clerk, and a Htoward, who nhall bo nominatc<l annnally 
in tho niontji ot" January by tli(5 inonibcrH oF tho Hoard of l"ln;j:i- 
noorn ; and boin;^ by tliciiti aj)j)rov(!d, tiKsir nani(!H HJiall bo Hont to 
tho board of mayor a,nd ahlormon for apj)i'()val oi- rcjiiotion, and 
in caso of rojoction, anothor pernor! nhiiJI bo nomina,tod a,s albro- 
Haid bolbro tho noxt m()(!tin<^ of tho mayor and aldoririon ; and 
those olIicorM, wlion olootcMl, Hhall reooivo cortilicatoH of appoint- 
ment, Hi<^no(l by tho mayor, and Hhall hold thoir places until re- 
moved, or othorn are iipiiointod in tJKiir Htoad. 

Skot. '*>. No <;oiri|);uiy HJiall bo aJlovvod to im[)OH(! iimi:-! upon 
its inombers ; but it shall bo tho duty of tho clerk of (iiich coin- 
j)any to enter in tho roll book provided by tho (Jity, all absence 
and tardiness of each ollicor and niombor of said company ; and 
to make a monthly return of the same to tho JJoard of l']n;^inoorH. 
And for ovtn-y absence or tardirusss, except in case of sickneHS, 
ther-o shaJl bo d(!duct(;d from th(} pay of such ollicor or miunbor 
tho sum of tvvonty-live cents, which amoiuit so deducted shall bo 
paid over at tho end of each month to the treasunn- of tho com- 
pany to which tho member so (inod shall bolon;^, to mo(!t tho inci- 
dental expenses of tho company. And if any ollicor or m(;mhor 
shall have been absent or tardy at more than one third of tho 
fires, or alarms of lires, exco|)t in case of sickness, dur-in;^ tho 
irionth, such :i,bsence or tarMliness sliaJl bo considercsd /.^xjd cause 
for his dischiu-^e IVoiri the i)e[)artm<;nt, if jiioro than live. 

SlSCT. 4. The 12th, l;5tli and 28th sections of the (Ordinance 
entitled "An Ordinance establishin^j; a Mro Department, and pro- 
vidir»;j; for prev(jntin^ and oxtin;^uishin<^ lires," pa,ssed on tho 
second day of .June, in tho year one thousand ei;^lit hiuidred and 
lifty-one, are hereby repealed. [^I'aHaed JJec. oi, 18[j2.J 



76 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to the weighing and marking of Lighters 
and other vessels employed in the transportation of certain 
articles. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

[Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
March or April, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the 
city council, one or more weighers and one or more inspectors of 
Lighters and other vessels employed in the transportation • of 
stones, gravel, sand or other ballast, who shall hold their offices 
one year and until others are chosen in their places. They shall 
severally have power to appoint one or more assistants subject to 
the approval of the city council, and shall be removable at the 
pleasure of the city council.] 

Sect. 2. Lighters and other vessels employed in the trans- 
portation of stones, gravel or sand, or other ballast, shall be 
marked on the stern and stem post with a good and sufficient iron 
bolt, driven through said stem and stern post, and clinched. 
From the centre of the head of said bolt, all other marks shall 
take their distance in feet, inches and parts of inches, as the dis- 
tance may require, from the centre of the head of the said sta- 
tionary bolts to the lower edge of the other marks, which marks 
shall be as follows, namely, light water marks not less than four 
inches in length and one inch and a half in breadth ; and every 
four tons above said light water marks, legibly cut or cast in 
figures of 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and so forth, up to the full capacity 
of the Lighter or vessel, and said figures shall express the weight 
which such vessel is capable of carrying, when the lower part of 
the respective numbers aforesaid shall touch the water, and shall 
be fastened on the stem and stern post of each Lighter or vessel 
with sufficient nails not less than one inch in length ; and other 
marks shall be set on the stern and stem post of every Lighter or 
vessel between every two marks, that the tonnage of the same 
may be distinguished by a regular progression of two tons. 

Sect. 3. Every such weigher shall furnish all the requisite 
marks and nails, when thereto requested, and shall cause all such 
Lighters and other vessels to be weighed and marked in con- 
formity with the provisions of the preceding section : and during 
the time of so weighing and marking, all the persons on board of 
such Lighter or vessel shall be stationed between the bulk head 
and the fore chains thereof. The weigher shall keep a correct 

Section 1, in brackets, repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 7T 

account of the distance of eacli mark from the centre of the head 
of the stationary bolts in feet, inches and parts of inches, in a 
book to be kept for that purpose, and shall give a certificate 
thereof, expressing the distances as aforesaid, to the master of 
every such Lighter or vessel weighed and marked as aforesaid. 

Sect. 4. In taking the tonnage of every such Lighter or ves- 
sel, a deduction may be made, after such vessel shall have dis- 
charged its loading, of one ton for each and every ton the light 
water marks may be under water. 

Sect. 5. Every person, on board of any Lighter or vessel, 
who shall not keep within the bounds of the bulk head and fore 
chains during the time of taking her marks, unless in case of abso- 
lute necessity, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding twenty dollars for 
every offence. 

Skct. G. In case of the sale, by weight, of stones, gravel, 
sand, or other ballast, to be delivered at any place in the city of 
Boston, or into any vessel in the harbor of said city, it shall be 
the duty of one of said inspectors, upon application by either the 
purchaser or seller thereof, to go on board of the Lighter or other 
vessel containing the same, and inspect the marks of such Lighter 
or other vessel before and after the deUvery of such stones, gravel, 
sand, or other ballast, and the persons having charge of such 
Lighter or other vessel for inspection of which application shall 
have been made as aforesaid, shall, before such delivery, trim the 
same, so as to make said Lighter or other vessel swim at equal 
marks at the stem and stern, and shall pump all the water out : 
and in case any person shall wilfully hinder any inspector acting 
under this ordinance from going on board such Lighter or other 
vessel, or shall begin to deliver therefrom the stones, gravel, sand, 
or other ballast sold by weight, before such Lighter or other ves- 
sel shall be trimmed to swim at equal marks and the water pumped 
out, he shall forfeit not exceeding one hundred dollars for every 
such offence. 

Sect. 7. Every person who shall deliver stones, gravel, sand, 
or other ballast sold by weight when the inspection of the same 
shall have been demanded as is provided in the preceding section, 
or when an inspection of the same is required by this ordinance, 
from any Lighter or other vessel which shall not have been 
weighed, marked and inspected, as is provided in this ordinance, 
or which shall not have been Aveighed and marked under the pre- 
vious law or ordinance, or shall alter or counterfeit the marks or 
certificate of any Lighter or other vessel as aforesaid, shall forfeit 
a sum not exceeding three hundred dollars for every oftence. 

Sect. 8. Every weigher appointed as aforesaid, shall be enti- 
tled to receive, from the owner or master of each Lighter or other 
vessel weighed and marked by him as aforesaid, the following 



78 ORDINANCES. 

fees, to wit : fifteen cents for every ton of such vessel, and three 
dollars for furnishing marks, nails and bolts, and other necessary 
articles, and fastening the same : and for giving the certificate, as 
before provided, he shall receive one dollar and fifty cents : pro- 
vided, that no Lighter or other vessel which has been once 
weighed and marked under this or the former law or ordinance, 
by the weigher of the city of Boston, shall be subject to any 
charge for a second weighing or marking, unless it shall appear 
that her former weight or marks are incorrect or have been 
changed : and all such Lighters or vessels shall be subject to the 
examination and inspection of every weigher or inspector, without 
charge, for the purpose of ascertaining whether their weight and 
marks are correct or have been altered. 

[Sect. 9. It shall be the duty of the inspectors to give a 
certificate, in such form as is hereinafter provided, to the owner 
or vender of all the stones, sand, gravel or other ballast inspected 
under the provisions of this ordinance, and to keep an account of 
all articles inspected in a book, which shall always be kept open 
to the inspection of owners, venders or purchasers of stone, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast sold by weight.] 

Sect. 10. The accounts to be kept by said inspector, and the 
certificates to be given to the owners or venders of stones, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast, as described in the preceding sections, 
shall specify the name of the vender, the kind of ballast, sand, or 
gravel, or other stone, the weight and the deduction of light water 
marks, the amount of fees received, and the date of certificate. 

[Sect. 11. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast, shall be three cents for every ton in- 
spected and delivered, which shall in all cases be paid by the 
vender of the same.] 

Sect. 12. The inspectors appointed as aforesaid, shall keep 
an office, and keep the same open, from sunrise to sunset, with 
liberty to close the same from seven to eight o'clock in the fore- 
noon, during the months of April, May, June, July, August, and 
September, and from eight to nine o'clock during the other six 
months, and from one to two o'clock in the afternoon through the 
whole year, Sundays, Public Fasts, Thanksgivings, and the 
anniversary of American Independence excepted. 

Sect. 13. Every owner or master of any such vessel, who 
shall neglect to have the same weighed, marked and examined, 
according to the provisions of this or the former law or ordinance, 
or who shall remove any marks, or alter his certificate, shall forfeit 
a sum not exceeding three hundred dollars for every ofience. 

Sections 9 and 11, in brackets, repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 79 

Sect. 14. Every such weigher who shall be guilty of placing 
any such mark, contrary to the provisions of this ordinance, or 
who shall give a false certificate, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding 
three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 15. The master of any Lighter or vessel that has bal- 
last for sale, shall, on arrival, report himself to the office of the 
inspector. 

Sect. 16. The master of any Lighter or vessel that has stones, 
sand, gravel or other ballast for sale, shall produce for exami- 
nation the certificate of marks and measurements of his vessel 
whenever the same shall be demanded by the inspector, and in 
case of neglect or refusal to produce them he shall forfeit a sum 
not exceeding twenty dollars. 

Sect. 17. No officer or agent of the city of Boston shall pur- 
chase any stones, gravel, sand or other ballast for said city, or 
make any contract therefor, or accept the delivery of the same, 
unless the same shall have been, or before the delivery thereof 
shall be, weighed and inspected according to the provisions of this 
ordinance, and a certificate thereof given as is herein before pro- 
vided, and no bill against the city, arising out of, or connected 
with any such purchase, shall be approved or allowed by any 
committee, passed by the auditor, or paid by the treasurer, unless 
the said certificate shall accompany the bill for the same. 

Sect. 18. This ordinance shall take effect immediately on its 
passage, and the officers herein mentioned may be chosen forth- 
with : provided, that no person who is owner or agent, in whole 
or in part, of any Lighter or vessel, or who has any interest 
therein, having stones, gravel, sand or other ballast for sale, shall 
be chosen, or shall continue to be, an officer under this ordinance. 

Sect. 19. The " Ordinance in relation to the weighing and 
marking of Lighters and other vessels employed in the transporta- 
tion of certain articles," passed on the 27th of December, 1852, 
is hereby repealed. [^Passed April 14, 1853.] 



An Ordinance providing for the care and management of the 
Public Lands. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen by concurrent vote of the two 
branches of the city council, in the month of January or Febru- 
ary, one alderman, one member of the common council, and five 
citizens at large, to constitute the Board of Public Land Commis- 



80 OKDINANCES. 

sioners, the first two to hold their offices for one year, or until 
removed or others are chosen in their places, and the last five for 
five years, or until removed or others are chosen in their places. 
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the 
first election, the persons chosen at large shall be divided into five 
classes : the seats of the first class shall be vacated at the expira- 
tion of the first year, of the second class at the expiration of the 
second year, of the third class at the expiration of the third year, 
of the fourth class at the expiration of the fourth year, of the 
fifth class at the expiration of the fifth year ; so that one-fifth may 
be chosen each year ; and they and each of these commissiojaers 
shall be removable at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet, and organize 
themselves into a Board, by the choice of a president from their 
own number, and of a clerk, and they may make such rules and 
regulations for their own government and in relation to all subor- 
dinate officers by them appointed, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The said Board may appoint all necessary subordi- 
nate officers, agents and assistants, and may fix their compensa- 
tion and that of the clerk before mentioned. 

Sect. 4. The said Board on or before the fifteenth day of 
December annually, shall present to the city council a report, con- 
taining a statement of the condition of all the public lands and 
other property connected therewith, with an account of all re- 
ceipts, expenditures and sales, together with any information or 
suggestions which they may deem expedient ; and they shall at 
the same time transmit to the city council the report of the Super- 
intendent of Public Lands, hereinafter mentioned. 

Sect. 5. The said Board shall have the care and management 
of the public lands belonging to the city, so far as relates to the 
improvement, sale and disposal of the same, subject to the limita- 
tions, mentioned in this and other ordinances of the city, and to 
such rules, orders and regulations, as the city council may from 
time to time adopt. 

Sect. 6. The said Board are authorized to lay out and make 
such streets, passage ways and squares on the public lands, to lay 
such sewers therein, and to make such alterations in the lots, as 
they may deem expedient, subject to the approval of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 7. No member of the said Board, and no person ap- 
pointed to any office, or employed, by virtue of this ordinance, 
shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract, bargain, 
sale, or agreement, in relation to the public lands, or any matter 
or thing connected therewith, wherein the city is interested, with- 
out an express vote of the city council ; and any and all contracts, 



ORDINANCES. 81 

bargains, sales or agreements, made in violation of this section, 
shall be utterly void as to the city. 

Sect. 8. There shall be chosen annually in the month of April 
or May, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by concurrent vote of 
the two branches of the city council, a superintendent of public 
lands, who shall hold his office until a successor is appointed, or 
he is removed. He shall be removable at the pleasure of the city 
council, and shall receive such compensation as the said council 
may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 9. The said superintendent, before entering on the du- 
ties of his office, shall give bond, with one or more sureties, to the 
approbation of the mayor and aldermen, with condition that he 
will not, directly or indirectly, for himself or others, or by others 
in trust for him, or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any purchase, lease, contract or agreement, to be made in pur- 
suance of this ordinance. 

Sect. 10. The said superintendent shall devote himself to the 
care, improvement and sale of the pubUc lands, and under the di- 
rection of the said Board, shall cause them to be surveyed and 
laid out into convenient lots, and contract for the sale, and act- 
ually sell or lease the same at public or private sale. But this 
and the sixth section, shall not apply to the Common, the land and 
flats west of Charles Street, Deer Island, the lands connected with 
the public institutions at South Boston, or to any other lands pur- 
chased or held for specific purposes, unless by special vote of the 
city council. 

Sect. 11. The said superintendent may, under the direction 
of the said Board, contract and agree, for defraying in part, or in 
whole, the cost or expense incident to, or arising out of the per- 
formance of any acts which he is by this ordinance authorized to 
do and perform, by transfer of lands to the contracting parties, in 
lieu of money, when the same can be done with advantage to the 
city. 

Sect. 12. The said superintendent shall at all times perform 
such services as may be required of him by the mayor and alder- 
men, in the laying out, alteration or widening of streets, and in 
the trial or settlement of any and all claims for damages, in con- 
sequence of such laying out, alteration or widening, and in the 
care and improvement of the common and public squares. 

Sect. 13. The said superintendent shall, at least once in 

three months, and as often as required, make a true and correct 

report of his proceedings under this ordinance, and exhibit proper 

schedules and accounts of all lands sold, moneys received and 

securities taken, to the mayor and aldermen, which shall be by 

them sent to the common council, 
a 



82 OEDINANCES. 

Sect. 14. The said superintendent shall keep an accurate 
record or account of all the vacant lands belonging to the city ; 
and whenever any land shall be purchased bj the city, for any 
purpose, it shall be the duty of the person or persons so purchas- 
ing the same, to make report thereof forthwith to the said super- 
intendent. 

Sect. 15. All contracts, deeds, conveyances and leases, made 
by virtue of this ordinance, shall be signed and executed. by the 
mayor, in the same manner as if the same were made by order of 
the city council, and shall be countersigned by the said superin- 
tendent and by the president of the Board of Public Land Com- 
missioners. 

Sect. 16. In case the mayor shall refuse to execute any con- 
tract, deed, conveyance, or lease made in pursuance of this ordi- 
nance, he shall within ten days of such refusal, send his reasons 
therefor, to the said Board, and the same shall be entered at 
length on their records, and no such contract, deed, conveyance 
or lease shall be valid or binding on the city, unless signed and 
executed by the mayor. 

Sect. 17. In case the superintendent of public lands, or the 
president of the said Board shall refuse to countersign any con- 
tract, deed, conveyance or lease made by virtue of this ordinance, 
the same shall be effectual and binding on the city, if executed by 
the mayor and countersigned by either of said officers, and also 
by five members of the said Board. 

Sect. 18. All money agreed to be paid by any purchaser or 
lessee of the public lands, and all notes, bonds, mortgages, and 
securities for moneys, arising or accruing from or in virtue of any 
contract made by said superintendent, shall be paid to and depos- 
ited with the treasurer. 

Sect. 19. No conveyance of any estate in fee or for life in 
any lands belonging to the city, shall be delivered, until the pur- 
chase money is paid, or secured by a mortgage of the same land 
or other land of equal value ; and the mayor may from time to 
time release to any mortgagor or his assigns, any part of the 
mortgaged premises, on payment of an equivalent portion of the 
purchase money. And in all cases where lands other than those 
sold are proposed to be taken as collateral security, the consent 
and approbation of the mayor in writing shall be first obtained. 

Sect. 20. There shall be no expenditure of money, or con- 
tract requiring the expenditure of money to be made, under or by 
virtue of this ordinance, without the sanction of the city council, 
by an appropriation first made to meet such expenditure. 

Sect. 21. This ordinance shall take effect from and after the 
first of June next, and the first election of the Board of Public 



ORDINANCES. 83 

Land Commissioners may be made wit] tin three months of the 
passage hereof. 

Sect. 22, An ordinance entitled " An Ordinance concerning 
the Public Lands," passed July 22, 1850, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed April 14, 1853.] 



An Ordinance to establish the office of a Superintendent of Health. 

Be it ordained by the Mayor ^ Aldermen ^nd Common Council 
of tlie City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen, annually, in the month of 
January or February, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by con- 
current vote of the two branches of the city council, a Superin- 
tendent of the Health Department, who shall hold his office until 
a successor is appointed, or he is removed. He shall be remova- 
ble at the pleasure of the city council, and shall receive such com- 
pensation as the said council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 2. The said Superintendent is authorized to appoint an 
assistant, to act under his control and direction, who shall be ap- 
proved by the mayor and aldermen, and who shall receive such 
compensation as the city council may from time to time determine. 
The said assistant may be removed at any time by the said Super- 
intendent, or the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 3. The said Superintendent shall attend at his office a 
portion of each day. He shall keep a record of all his proceed- 
ings, and a set of books, in which shall be entered, under appro- 
priate heads, the receipts and expenditures in his department, 
with the names of all persons who have furnished materials, and 
of all workmen, and the amount paid to each individual ; and he 
shall make a quarterly report thereof to the city council. On or 
before the tenth day of January, annually, he shall make a report 
to the city council, containing a general statement of the expenses 
of his department during the preceding year, the amount ex- 
pended in each branch thereof, and such other information as he 
may consider desirable, together with an estimate in detail of the 
property under his charge belonging to the city. 

Sect. 4. The said Superintendent shall report annually, on or 
before the fifteenth day of February, to the auditor of accounts, 
a detailed estimate of the wants of his department for the next 
financial year ; which estimate shall contain such a subdivision of 
the amount to be expended as shall give a good idea of the various 
necessities of the department. 



84 ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 5. The said Superintendent, under the direction and 
control of the mayor and aldermen, shall have the care and super- 
intendence of the city carts and stables, and shall make all neces- 
sary arrangements for cleaning the streets, disposing of manure, 
and removing house dirt and house offal. He shall, from time to 
time, furnish to the superintendent of streets such carts and 
horses as he may need, and they shall be charged to the depart- 
ment of paving and repairs of streets. 

Sect. 6. The execution of the laws and ordinances, relating 
to the subject of internal health, shall be under the superintend- 
ence of the said Superintendent and his deputy ; and it shall .be 
their duty, and each of them shall have power, to enforce all laws, 
ordinances, regulations and orders, relating to causes of sickness, 
nuisances and sources of filth, existing within the city, except as 
is otherwise provided in the ordinances of the city, subject always 
to the direction, authority and control, of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the board of health for the time being ; and he shall per- 
form any other services that may be required of him by the said 
Boards, or either of them. 

Sect. 7. The said Superintendent of the Health Department 
shall give bond with one or more sureties, to the approbation of 
the mayor and aldermen, with condition, that he shall faithfully 
perform all the duties of his office, and account for all moneys en- 
trusted to him, and that he will not, directly or indirectly for him- 
self or others, or by others in trust for him, or on his account, 
have any interest or concern in any purchase, lease, contract, or 
agreement to be made in pursuance of this ordinance. 

Sect. 8. All ordinances and parts *of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith, are hereby repealed. \_Passed April 26, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Posting Notices and Placards on 

Buildino;s. 



Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. No person shall post up, or affix, in any manner, any 
bill, placard, or notice, either written or printed, upon the fences, 
walls, or upon any part of any building in the city of Boston, 
without the previous consent of the occupants thereof, or if there 
be no occupants, without the previous consent of the owners 
thereof; nor upon any part of any building belonging to the city 
of Boston, without the previous consent of the mayor. 



ORDINANCES. 85 

Sect. 2. Any person oifending against any of the provisions 
of this ordinance shall be punished by fine, not exceeding Twenty 
Dollars. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect in thirty days after 
its passage. [Passed April 28, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Streets. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assonhled, as folloivs : 

Sect. 1. The Superintendent of Streets shall give bond, with 
one or more sureties, to the approbation of the mayor and alder- 
men, with condition that he shall faithfully perform all the duties 
of his office, and account for all moneys entrusted to him, and that 
he will not directly or indirectly, for himself or others, or by others 
in trust for him, or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any purchase, lease, contract or agreement, to be made in pur- 
suance of the ordinance to which this is in addition, or any ordi- 
nance in addition thereto. [Passed May 17, 1863.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance respecting Truant 
Children and Absentees from School. 

Be it ordained hy the Alayor, Aldermen and Common Council, of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as folloivs : 

Sect. 1. The Justices of the Police Court of the city of Bos- 
ton shall have jurisdiction of the oiFences arising under the several 
laws relating to truant children and absentees from school. 

Sect. 2. The act " in addition to the acts concerning truant 
children and absentees from school," passed on the sixteenth day 
of May, in the year 1853, is hereby accepted. 

Sect. 3. The House for the Employment and Reformation of 
Juvenile Oifenders is hereby assigned and provided as the institu- 
tion of instruction, house of reformation or suitable situation men- 
tioned in the said act. [Passed June 2, 1853.] 



86 OKDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to the 
weighing and marking of Lighters and other vessels employed 
in the transportation of certain articles. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen, annually, by concurrent vote 
of the two branches of the city council, one or more weighers and 
one or more inspectors of Lighters and other vessels employed in 
the transportation of stones, gravel, sand and other ballast, who 
shall hold their offices one year, and until others are chosen in 
their places. They shall severally have power to appoint one or 
more assistants, subject to the approval of the city council, and 
shall be removable at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. It shall be the duty of the inspectors to give a cer- 
tificate, in such form as is hereinafter provided, to the owner or 
vender of all the stones, sand, gravel or other ballast inspected 
under the provisions of the ordinance, to which this is in addition, 
and to keep an account of all articles inspected in a book, which 
shall always be kept open to the inspection of owners, venders or 
purchasers of stone, sand, gravel or other ballast sold by weight, 
and report quarterly to the city council. 

Sect. 3. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, sand, 
gravel or other ballast, shall be three cents for every ton inspected 
and delivered, which shall in all cases be paid by the vender of 
the same. 

Sect. 4. The first, ninth and eleventh sections of the ordi- 
nance to which this is in addition are hereby repealed. 
\_Passed June 24, 1863.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance relating to Public 

Buildings. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Sect. 1. The city council, whenever they shall deem it expe- 
dient, may, by order, authorize and direct the Committee on Pub- 
lic Buildings, to cause any alterations or repairs of any building 
specified in such order to be made, although the expense thereof 
may exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, without advertising 



ORDINANCES. 87 

for proposals, and without makin;^ a contract in wrltin;:^ therefor 
signed by the mayor, as herctofbrc required by ordinance. . 

Sect. 2. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith are hereby repealed. [Passed Jaly 7, 185'3.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Superintendents of Streets, 
Internal Health, and Public Buildings. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor^ Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. Whenever the Superintendent of Streets, of Internal 
Health, or of Public Buildings, shall sell any articles or materials 
belonging to the city, or shall do, or cause to be done, any work 
for any individual from which money shall become due to the 
city, the said Superintendent shall enter in books to be kept for 
that pupose all such sales and work done, with the price thereof, 
and shall forthwith make out bills for the same and deliver them 
to the city treasurer for collection, and the said treasurer shall 
forthwith demand payment of the said bills, and in case any bills 
or dues under this ordinance shall remain unpaid at the expiration 
of three months after demand for payment as aforesaid, the said 
treasurer shall cause the same to be collected, by a resort to the 
proper legal process. 

Sect. 2. The pay rolls of the laborers employed under the 
direction of the Superintendent of Streets and of the Superin- 
tendent of Internal Health, shall be made up and certified by the 
said Superintendents respectively, and upon being duly allowed 
and audited shall be paid by the city treasurer, at such times and 
places as he shall appoint, and he may employ a clerk for that 
purpose. [Passed July 18, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in further addition to an Ordinance in relation to 
Water Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, asfolloics: 

Sect 1. Hotels, taverns and boarding houses, (said boarding 
houses being valued for the assessment of taxes over §10,000,) 
not including water for baths or for uses without the bouse, will 



88 ORDINANCES. 

be charged for each bed for boarders and lodgers within the same, 
three, dollars. 

Sect. 2. Whenever the proprietor or persons having charge 
of any of the said hotels, taverns or boarding houses, shall place 
at their own expense, within their premises, a sufficient water 
meter, for the purpose of measuring the quantity of water by 
them respectively used, it shall be lawful for the Cochituate 
Water Board to establish a water rate to be paid therefor accord- 
ing to the quantity so used, instead of the specific rates provided 
in this ordinance, or in that to which this is in addition. 

Sect. 3. The Cochituate Water Board are hereby authorized 
to adopt such regulations as they may deem expedient for the 
construction of water closets, hereafter, and the water shall not 
hereafter be supplied to any building, unless the said water closets 
shall be made conformably to such regulations. 

Sect. 4. The right to attach a hose in hvery and other stables, 
for washing carriages or other purposes, shall not hereafter be 
granted, and it shall not be lawful to use a hose so attached, in 
the said stables, hereafter, except for extinguishing fire. 

Sect. 5. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent 
with the provisions of this ordinance, are hereby repealed. 
IPassed Dec. 5, 1853.] 



An Ordinance to repeal in part an Ordinance concerning Truant 
Children and Absentees from School. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

So much of the second section of an ordinance concerning truant 
children and absentees from school, passed in the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty, as gives jurisdiction to the senior justice of the 
police court of the ofiences set forth in the statute of the Com- 
monwealth adopted by the said ordinance, be, and the same is 
hereby repealed. \_Passed Bee. 23, 1853.] 



ORDINANCES. 89 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance cstal^ilishing a Fire 
Department, and providing for preventing and extinguishing 
Fires. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council 
of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows: 

Sect. 1. In the month of January in each year, there shall be 
appointed a joint committee of the city council, to be called the 
Committee on Fire Alarms, to consist of two aldermen and three 
members of the common council. 

Sect 2. The said Committee shall have the care and manage- 
ment of the rooms, apparatus and machinery connected -with the 
system of Telegraphic Fire Alarms, and shall also have the power 
to appoint, upon the nomination of the Superintendent of Fire 
Alarms, suitable persons to assist in the management of said sys- 
tem of Fire Alarms, and to establish the compensation of the 
same, unless the same shall be specially provided by the city 
council ; and the said Committee shall have power to determine 
the persons to whom shall be entrusted keys of the signal boxes 
connected with said system of Fire Alarms, and, generally, shall 
have charge of said apparatus and control over the management 
of the same, subject to any special order of the city council. 

Sect. 3. There shall be annually appointed by the city coun- 
cil, in the months of April or May, a suitable person to be Super- 
intendent of Fire Alarms, who shall have charge of the system of 
Telegraphic Fire Alarms, under the direction of the Committee on 
Fire Alarms, and see that the same is kept in good repair and in 
-working condition, and be considered responsible for the same. The 
said Superintendent shall hold his office until a successor is elected, 
shall be at all times removable by the city council, and shall re- 
ceive such compensation as the city council shall determine. 

Sect. 4. Alarms of fire shall be given by means of the system 
of Telegraphic Fire Alarms in accordance with the rules and di- 
rections heretofore established by the Joint Special Committee on 
Fire Alarms, and contained upon the 104, 105, 106 and 107th 
pages of the Municipal Register, of the year 1853, -which are 
hereby declared to be the rules for giving alarms of fire within 
the City of Boston. 

Sect. 5. The Joint Committee on Fire Alarms shall have 
power from time to time to alter or change said rules and direc- 
tions, and the same shall be binding upon all persons after said 
rules and directions, as altered, shall have been placed on file in 
the office of the engineers of the Fire Department and with the 
city clerk. And the same shall then be published in the same 

12 



90 ORDINANCES. 

manner as ordinances of the city are published, but the city 
council shall at all times have power to alter, amend or annul the 
same. 

Sect. 6. Immediately upon an alarm or discovery of fire, it 
shall be the duty of the members of the Police and Watch De- 
partments to communicate the fact to the central station by 
means of the signal boxes in the district in which the fire may be, 
in accordance with said rules and directions. And it shall be the 
duty of the watchmen in the night time, upon an alarm of fire be- 
ing given, or sounded upon the bells connected with the fire 
alarm apparatus, to give further notice thereof within their re- 
spective districts by springing their rattles, crying " fire," and 
mentioning the number of the district in which the fire exists. 
And if any watchman shall neglect so to do, he shall forfeit and 
pay a fine of two dollars for every such offence. 

Sect. 7. No person shall open any of the signal boxes con- 
nected with the Telegraphic Fire Alarms for the purpose of giving 
a false alarm, or interfere in any way with said boxes, by break- 
ing, cutting, injuring or defacing the same, or turn the cranks 
therein except in case of fire, or tamper or meddle with said boxes 
or any part thereof; or cut, break, or injure in any way the wires 
connected with the same, or with any part of said system of Fire 
Alarms ; nor connect the same by any communication so as to in- 
terrupt the proper working of said system, or with intent so to do, 
or injure, break, or destroy any of the machinery or fixtures con- 
nected with said system, or any part of the same. 

Sect. 8. Any person, who shall be guilty of a breach of any 
of the provisions of this ordinance, shall forfeit and pay a fine of 
not less than two dollars nor more than twenty dollars for each 
offence. [Passed Dec. 29, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to 
Water Rates. 

Be it ordained hy the Mayor ^ Aldermen^ and Common Council 
of the City of lloston, in City Council assembled, as folloivs : 

Sect. 1. The Water Rate to be charged annually for Omni- 
bus Stables, shall be one dollar and fifty cents for each horse. 

Sect. 2. So much of the Ordinance in relation to Water Rates 
passed November 17th, 1850, as is inconsistent herewith, is hereby 
repealed. 

Sect. 3. This Ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
day of January, 1854. [Passed Feb. 6, 1854.] 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



JOINT EULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall be 
chosen by ballot, viz : 

A Committee on Finance'-— 

To consist of the Mayor and seven members of the 
Common Council; 

A Committee on Accounts — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of 
the Common Council. 

And the following shall be appointed, viz : 

A Committee on the Public Lands — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil; 

A Committee on Public Buildings — 

To consist of three members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and five members of the Common Coun- 
cil; 



92 JOINT RULES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 

A Committee on Public Instruction — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and the Pre- 
sident and four members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Institutions at South Boston 
and on Deer Island — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council; 

A Committee on Fuel — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and three members of the Common 
Council ; 

A Committee on "Water — 

To consist of the Mayor, two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Treasury Department — 

To consist of two Aldermen, and three members of 
the Common Council ; 

A Committee on the Assessors' Department — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and three members of the Common 
Council ; 

A Committee on Boston Harbor — 

To consist of two members of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and three members of the Common 
Council ; 

A Committee on Printing — ' 

To consist of one member of the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen, and two members of the Common Coun- 
cil; 

A Committee on the Public Library — 

To consist of the Mayor and two Aldermen, and five 
members of the Common Council; 

A Committee on Ordinances — 



JOINT RULES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 93 

To consist of three Aldermen, and five members of 
the Common Council. 

A Committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms — 

To consist of two Aldermen, and three members of 
the Common Council ; who shall have the superinten- 
dence fi,nd control of the Telegraphic System of Fire 
Alarms, and the appointment of all officers necessary 
for its practical operation, until otherwise provided. 

A Committee on Claims — 

To consist of two Aldermen and three members of 
the Common Council, who shall have full power and 
authority to investigate all claims against the City, and 
to take any measures for the defence of such claims 
that they may deem expedient, and also, under the ad- 
vice of the Mayor, to adjust and settle all claims not 
exceeding the sum of ^500. 

On all Joint Committees, wherein it is provided that 
the Mayor shall be a member, in case of the non-elec- 
tion, decease, inability, or absence of that officer, the 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen shall act ex-officio. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the 
part of the Common Council, shall, according to the 
ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Keduction 
of the City Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his re- 
signation or inability, the other members of the same 
Board, in the order in which they are named, and after 



94 JOINT RULES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 

them, tlie member of the Common Council, first in or- 
der, shall call meetings of the Committee and act as 
Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either shall 
choose, the reasons of their respective Boards, for and 
against the matter in controversy, confer freely thereon, 
and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. "When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence 
shall be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence^ a time to which both Boards shall ad- 
journ. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed "Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Common Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of Com- 
ma7id, the form of expression shall be " Ordered ;" and 
whenever, either or both branches exjDress opinions^ 
principles^ facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, the specific appropriations for the several objects 
enumerated in the general appropriation bill shall be 
deemed and taken to be the maximum amount to be ex- 



JOINT RULES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 95 

pcndecl by the several Committees having the charge 
thereof for the entire financial year, and shall be ex- 
pended with a proper regard thereto ; and after the an- 
nual order of appropriations shall have been passed, no 
subsequent expenditures shall be authorized for any ob- 
ject, unless provisions for the same shall be made by 
special transfer from some of the appropriations con- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt; in which cases the order shall not 
be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole number of 
each branch of the City Council shall vote in the af- 
firmative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, Avhenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriations specially made 
therefor, or whenever any committee shall have expend- 
ed the sum specially appropriated for their use, in the 
order of appropriation for the year, and in either case 
shall require a further sum ; it shall be the duty of such 
Committee having such matter in charge, to submit the 
fact to the City Council for instructions, accompanied 
with a detailed statement of the cause or causes which 
have created the necessity for such application, and the 
object for which the same is needed. And no contract 
shall be made, or expenditure authorized in either case, 
unless by a specific vote of the City Council first mak- 
ing the necessary provision for the payment resulting 
therefrom, and no debt shall be created, or transfer from 
one specific appropriation to another be made, until 
such report or statement shall have been submitted to 
the City Council, by the Committee requiring tlie same. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided 



96 NT RULES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 

by the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act 
by separate consultations, and no report shall be re- 
ceived, unless agreed to in Committee actually assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, 
to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other paj^ers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on the 
reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the Com- 
mittee of either branch. All reports shall be signed by 
the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairman thereof. 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall 
audit or approve any bill or account against the City, 
for any supplies or services, which shall not have been 
ordered or authorized by the Committee. 



The following Rule ivas passed hy the City Council 
after the adoption of the General Hides and Orders. 

Whenever any committee, charged with the expendi- 
ture of money under the annual order of appropriation 
shall make to the City Council application for an addi- 
tional sum in conformity with the eighth Joint Rule of 
the City Council, they shall make their statement and 
application in print. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Powers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precise- 
ly at the hour, to which the Council shall have ad- 
journed; shair call the members to order; and on the 
appearance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the pre- 
ceding meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a re- 
turn of the members voting in the affirmative, and in 
the negative, without further debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall ap- 
point the member who shall take the chair. The Pre- 
sident may at any other time, call any member to the 



98 RULES AND ORDERS OP THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

chair, but such substitution shall not continue beyond 
an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pre- 
sent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the sub- 
sequent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is- stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely; which several- motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in which they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone in- 
definitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order; and that motion, and the 
motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : ^^ Shall the main question he now put? " — 
and all debate upon the main question shall be suspend- 
ed until the previous question shall be decided. After 
the adoption of the previous question, the sense of the 



EULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 99 

Council shall forthwith be taken upon amendments re- 
ported by a Committee, upon all pending amendments 
and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member 
shall speak more than once without leave ; and all in- 
cidental c^uestions of order, arising after a motion is 
made for the previous question, shall be decided with- 
out debate, except on an appeal ; and on such an ap- 
peal, no member shall be allowed to speak more than 
once without leave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or specially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President pro tempore shall be chosen 
by ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the President -, shall con- 
fine himself to the question under debate, and avoid 
personalities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. 
No member shall speak out of his place, without leave 
of the President. 

Sect. 18. JSTo member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising up to call to order. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtaining leave of the 



100 RULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in or- 
der for any member who voted in the majority, to move 
a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the succeeding 
meeting, but not afterward ; and when a motion for re- 
consideration is decided, that vote shall not be recon- 
sidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman 
of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand 
up to the interruption of another, while any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Presi- 
dent and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, be required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not 
be allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, 
till he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on 
any question, must be made before the Council is divid- 
ed, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such 
application shall be accompanied by a brief statement 
of the reasons, and shall be decided on without debate. 



RULES AND ORDERS OP THE COMMON COUNCIL. 101 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; but 
a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and Keports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Mayor and Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers. 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent, shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any 
subject, and different Committees are proposed, the 
question shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 



102 RULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

A Joint Standing Committee; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of mem- 
bers, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; and 
each member shall be entitled for the year, to the seat 
bearing the number so drawn against his name ; and 
shall not change it except by permission of the Presi- 
dent. 

Sect. 35. No member shall calL another member by 
his name, in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds 
of the members present consent thereto. 

Petitions^ Memorials^ ^c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council, shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his 
place, and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or 
such other person as the President may request ; and 
shall be taken up in the order in which they are pre- 
sented, except when the Council shall otherwise deter- 
mine ; provided, that the reading of petitions, memori- 
als, remonstrances, and papers of a like nature, shall in 
all instances be dispensed with, unless specially ordered 
by the Council. 



RULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 103 

Powers and Duties of Committees^ ^c. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, 
shall be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as 
they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking ; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak, has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Keturns, shall be appointed at the commencement of 
the municipal year, and shall consist of five members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the ses- 
sions of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, 
shall be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by 
the direction of the President; they shall organize at 
their first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and 
shall report the same to the Council ; and members on 
the part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 
aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meet- 
ing, and report to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the mem- 
ber next in order, who shall be present, shall be Chair- 
man pro tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Sel'ect Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be en- 
titled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee 
assembled. 



104 RULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees, to keep record of their doings, in books pro- 
vided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances, Orders, ^c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 
and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day ; provided, 
however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 
to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the City. 

Elections, ^c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks and ballots for 
ineligible persons, shall be reported, but shall not be 
counted in the returns. 

Sect. 50. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Clerks, ^c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such or- 
ders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 



RULES AND ORDERS OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 105 

otherwise, — shall notice Reports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, — and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up 
all messages to the Mayor and Aldermen, and send 
them by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings 
of Committees of the Council, and make their records 
when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 



14 



GOVERNMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON, 

1854. 



MAYOR, 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH, Tremont House. 

[Salary $4,000. Charter, § 6.] 



ALDERMEN, 



BENJAMIN LEACH ALLEN, . 

OLIVER FROST, 

JOHN THOMAS DINGLEY, 

JOSIAH DUNHAM, Jr., 

WILLIAM WASHBURN, . 

TISDALE DRAKE, 

GEORGE FREDERIC WILLIAMS, 

GEORGE ODIORNE, . 



1 Hamilton place. 
25 Sheafe street. 
33 Fayette street. 
55 B, near Fourth street. 
88 Myrtle street. 
42 Sea street. 

1 Rowe place. 
114 Harrison avenue. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE, President. 



Charles T. Woodman, 
Timothy C. Kendall, 
WiUiam P. Howard, 
John Davis, 



Daniel D. Kelly, 
Morrill Cole, . 
Watson G. Mayo, 
Ebenezer Atkins, 



Ward No. 1. 

17 North Bennet street, 

6 Phipps place, 
48 Charter street, 
68 Charter street. 

Ward No. 2. 

. 131 Webster street, 

2 Central square, I East 
32 Cottage street, [ Boston. 
GQ Paris street. 



Charles Bupee, 
Mical Tubbs, . 
Caleb S. Johnson, . 
Benjamin P. Mahan, 



Martin L. Hall, 
William F. Goodwin, 
George W. Messinger, 
John M. Clark, 



Pelham Bonnej, 
George W. Chipman, 
Levi Boles, 
Daniel Warren, 



George S. Jones, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Hiram Simmons, 
Ebenezer Johnson, 



Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
David Whiton, 



George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles 0. Rogers, , 



John Odin, Jr., 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Thacher Beal, 
J. W. T. Stodder, 



Robert Cowdin, 
David Bryant, 
Ilezekiah Prince, 
John R. Mullin, 



Ward No. 3. 

2T Lyman place. 

National House, 
86 Merrimac street. 
18 Salem street. 

Ward No. 4:. 

Revere House, 
13 Allston street, 
Tremont House, 
. 106 Court street. 

Ward No. 5. 

22 Lynde street, 

4 Vernon street, 
20 Lynde street, 

2 Spring street place. 

Ward No. 6. 

81 Charles street, 
75 Beacon street, 
. 143 Charles street, 
59 Chestnut street. 

Ward No. 7. 

18 Franklin place, 

16 Lincoln street, 
2 Arch street, 

61 Summer street. 

Ward No. 8. 

20 Rowe street, 

Winthrop House, 

Adams House, 
11 Oxford street. 

• Ward No. 9. 

Tremont, cor. Eliot street, 

62 Warren street, 

. 348 Tremont street, 
. 261 Tremont street. 

Ward No. 10. 

. 185 Harrison avenue, 
45 Hudson street, 

17 Rochester street, 
. 139 Harrison avenue. 



109 





Ward M. 11. 




Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Alexander II. Rice, 
John W. F. Ilobbs, . 
Charles Mayo, 


29 Dover street, 
65 Shawmut avenue, 
. 288 Shawmut avenue, 
1 Dover street. 




Ward No. 12. 


Charles C. Conlcy, . 
James F. Whittemore, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Edward H. Brainard, 


k . 193 Broadway, 

North, DoSL-T, 
98 Broadway, 
. 159 Broadway. 


South 
Boston 



City Cleric, 

SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, Jr., 81 Pinckney street. 

Salary $2000, and for Assistant Clerks, $2500. [Chosen by the 
City Council, in convention, on the first Monday in January. 
Charter, § 17.] 

Cleric of Comw,on Council. 

WASHINGTON P. GREGG, 18 Leverett street. 

Salary $1200. [Chosen on the first Monday in January. Char- 
ter, § 18.] 

Messenger, 

OLIVER H. SPURR, 15 Havre street. 

Salary $1000. [Chosen by City Council, in May.] 

Assistant Messenger, 

J. EDWIN HUNT, 

Salary $200. 



no 



COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL FOU 1854. 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 

ON REDUCTION OF CITT DEBT. 

The Mayor, President of the Common Council, Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance on the part of the Common Council. 



ACCOUNTS. 



Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
Benjamin L. Allen. 



Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Pelham Bonney, 
Thacher Beal. 



ASSESSORS 



Aldermen. 
George F. Williams, 
Tisdale Drake. 



DEPARTMENT. 

Common Council. 
Robert Cowdin, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
George W. Messinger. 



Aldermen. 
Josiah Dunham, jr. 
John T. Dingley. 



CLAIMS. 



Common Council. 
Wm. F. Goodwin, 
Robert Cowdin, 
David Whiton. 



FINANCE. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 



Common Council. 
Martin L. Hall, 
Charles Demond, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Timothy C. Kendall, 
J. .Amory Davis, 
Georo;e W. Warren. 



/ 

Aldermen. 

Tisdale Drake, 
Benjamin L. AUen. 



FUEL. 



Common Council. 
J. W. T. Stodder, 
Watson G. Mayo, 
Caleb S. Johnson. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin L. Allen, 
George Odiorne. 



ALARMS. 

Common Council. 
Charles Dupee, 
John Davis, 
John R. Mullm. 



Ill 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
Aldermen. 
Josiah Dunham, jr. 
Oliver Frost, 



Common Council. 
Joshua Jenkins, 
John Odin, jr. 
Samuel Hatch, 
John M. Clark, 
Morrill Cole. 



Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
Benjamin L. Allen. 



HARBOR. 



Common Council. 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Stephen Tilton, jr. 



ORDINANCES. 



Aldermen. 
George Odiorne, 
"William Washburn, 
John T. Dingley. 



Common Council. 
Charles Demond, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Martin L. Hall, 
Charles Dupee, 
Charles Mayo. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 



Aldermen. 
William Washburn, 
Benjamin L. Allen, 
John T. Dingley. 



Common Council. 
Charles C. Conley, 
WilUam F, Goodwin, 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
David Bryant, 
Daniel Warren. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
Aldermen. 
George F. Wilhams, 
Josiah Dunham, jr. 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

Common Council. 
President Common Council, 

ex officio, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles T. AYoodman, 
George W. Chii)man, 
Edward H. Brainard. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
Aldermen. 
John T. Dingley, 
William Washburn. 



Common Council. 
Stephen Tilton. jr. 
Farnham Phnumer, 
Thacher Beal, 
James F. Whittemore, 
Levi Boles. 



112 



Alderman. 
George Odiorne. 



PRINTING, 



(jommon Council. 
James F. Whittemore, 
Charles 0. Roarers. 



PUBLIC LIBEART. 



The Mayor, ex officio. 

Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
William Washburn. 



Common Council. 
George W. Warren, 
Martin L. Hall, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
John 0dm, jr, 
Artemas Stone. 



TREASURY BEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Tisdale Djake, 
George Odiorne, 



Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 



WATER. 



The Mayor, ex officio^ 
Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
Geora-e F. Williams. 



Common Council. 
Samuel Hatch, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
William P. Howard, 
George S. Jones, 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 



STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 



Calvin P. Hinds, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Levi Boles, 



ON ELECTIONS. 

John Davis, 
Joshua Jenkins. 



113 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF MAYOR 
AND ALDERMEN. 

WATCH AND POLICE. 

The Mayor. 

ARMORIES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS. 

Aldermen Dunham, Dingley, and Drake. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen Dunham, Drake, and Williams, 

CEMETERIES. 

The Mayor, Aldermen Allen, and Frost. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES- 

The Mayor, Aldermen Odiorne, and Williams, 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Odiorne, Washburn, and Dunham. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Odiorne, Dingley, and AUen. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Allen, Williams, and Odiorne, 

INTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Dunham, Allen, and Drake, 

LAMPS, BELLS, AND CLOCKS, 

Aldermen Frost, Odiorne, and Dunham. 

LAYING OUT AND WIDENING STREETS. 

Aldermen Dingley, Drake, and Washburn. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Allen, Dingley, and Drake, 

JAIL. 

Aldermen AUen, Dingley, and Frost. 

MARKET. 

Aldermen Washburn, Drake, and Odiorne 

PAVING AND REPAIRS OF STREETS. 

Aldermen Frost, Williams, and Dunham. 

SEAVERS AND DRAINS. 

Aldermen Williams, Dunham, and Frost . 

STEAM ENGINES. 

Aldermen Washburn, Frost, and Allen, 

15 



114 

ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 

Principal Assessors. 

George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, George Jackson, Henry Sargent, 
Salary $1,400 each ; and 2,100 for Assistant Clerks. Per diem 
Assessors, William H. Lane, Benjamin Dodd, Billings Briggs, with 
an allowance of $4 for each day's service. [Charter, § 24.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1853, residing in different Wards. 



Ward. 

. 1— John B. Wells, 

Samuel Prince. 
2— Guy C. Haynes, 

G. P. Dudley. 
3 — Solomon Carter, 

Daniel P. Simpson. 
4— Geo. W. Messinger, 

B. G. Boardman, jr. 
5 — Nathaniel C. Poor, 

Benjamin Beal. 
6 — John G. Davis, 

David Kimball. 



Ward. 
7_Calvin W. Clark, 

Joseph W. Merriam. 
8 — Clement Willis, 

J. H. Beal. 
9— Richard Nutter, 
Francis Bundy. 
10— Charles A. Wells, 

Fitzjames Price. 
11 — H. K. Hancock, 
Benjamin Smith. 
12— ^Samuel Newmarch, 
Joseph Smith. 



Samuel Norwood, Secretary. 

[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by concurrent 
vote of the City Council, in March, Statutes 1821. 110, §15. 
City Ordinances, p. 399. The Assistant Assessors receive $3 for 
each day's service.] 



BRIDGES. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. Salary 
$900, and rent of Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by concurrent vote, 
" first acted upon by the Mayor and Aldermen," in January or 
February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Abnpr J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. Salary 
$400, and rent of House and Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by con- 
current vote, " first acted upon by the Mayor and Aldermen," in 
January or February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Edward T. Stowers, Superintendent of the Fast Boston and Chelsea 
Free Bridge. Salary $200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in Jan- 
uary or February.] 



115 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 



Chief Engineer. 
William Barnicoat, 372 Tremont street. Salary $1,200. 
Assistant JEngineers. Salary $250 each. 



Charles S. Clark, 
George W. Bird, 
Elisha Smith, jr., 
Richard S. Martin, 
George S. Thorn, 
Samuel S. Nutting, 
David C. Meloon, 
Joseph Dunbar, 
James Quinn, 



32 Snow Hill street. 

Hawtliorn place. 

9 London street. 

32 Pemberton square. 

Athens street. South Boston. 

32 Pitts street. 

34 Lincoln street. 

Saratoga street, East Boston. 

1 Mox'ton street. 



Henry Hart, Secretarrj. Salary $800. 

Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote. 
pp. 126, 132.] 



[Ordinances, 



Foremen 

Mazeppa Co. JVo. 1. 
Elijah H. Goodwin, 

Perkins Co. No. 2. 
Daniel Weston, Jr. 

Eagle Co. No. 3. 
Samuel N. Tucker, 

Cataract Co. No. 4. 
Alvin Vinal, 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5. 
John S. Maxwell, 

Melville Co. No. 6. 
Charles Carter, 

Hoioard Co. No. 7. 
William C Savage, 

Boston Co. No. 8. 
William A. Green, 

Maverick Co. No. 9. 
Horatio N. Alexander, 

Old North Co. N'o. 10. 
Ebenezer Burrill, 

Despatch Co. No. 11. 
John Colter, 

Tremont Co. No. 12. 
Bailey T. Mills, 



of Engines. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
148 E street, South Boston. 

Broadtoay, South Boston. 
137 Fourth street. South Boston. 

Washington street. 
830 Washington street. 

Foot of Mount Vernon street. 
1 Lime street. 

East street. 
45 Hudson street. 

Leverett street. 
69 South Margin street. 

Purchase street. 
20 Purchase street. 

Commercial street. 
4 Hanover avenue. 

Paris street. East Boston. 
Highland place. East Boston. 

Meridiaii street, East Boston. 
Lexington street. East Boston. 

Court square. 
1 Hancock street. 

Tremont street. 
312 Tremont stx*eet. 



116 



H()ok and Ladder Co. No. 1. Friend, street. 

Nathaniel W. Pratt, 12 Cotting street. 

Hook and. Ladder (Jo. No. 2. Paris street, East Boston. 

Warren Foster, 3 New street. East Boston. 

Hook and. Ladder (Jo. No. 3. Harrison avenue. 

Richard Mugfbrd, 224 Hanison avenue. 

Hydrant Co. No. 1. Salem street. 

Charles E. Dunton, 24 Cooper street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 2. Hudson street. 

John M. Butterfield, IG Seneca street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 3. Friend, street. 

John S. Kyai-J, 70 High street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 5. Shawrnut avenue. 

Aristides Talbot, 6 Fabin street. 

Hydrant Co. No. G. Paris street, East Boston. 

Bradbury G. Prescott, Border street, East Boston. 

There are attached to the department, IG Foremen of Engine, Hook 
and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at $150 each; IG Assistant 
Foremen, at $12.5 each; IG Clerks, at 312.5 each; 16 Stewards, at 
$12.5 each; 388 Members, at $1U0 each ; 4 Foremen, at $7.5 each ; 
4 Assistant Foremen, at $G0 each ; 4 Clerks, at $G0 each ; 4 Stew- 
ards, at SGO each ; 84 Members, at $-50 each. There are 2 Engine 
Companies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant Com- 
pany, at P^ast Boston, which are not required to attend Fires in the 
City proper, except by special order of the Chief E)ngineer — their 
compensation is as follows :— Foremen, $7.5 each per annum ; Assist- 
ant PVjremen, $G0 each ; Clerks, $G0 each ; Stewards, $G0 each ; 
Members, $-50 each; [Ordinances, pp. 12G, 132.] 

FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 

Central Office, No. 8 City Building, Court Square, 

Superintendent, Moses G. Farmer. Salary $100 per month. [Ap- 
pointed by Joint Special Committee of the City Council.] 

Operators — George H. Burnham, It. H. Shaplcigh, Sylvester M. 
Brooks, Henry Edson. [Salary $2.00 per day.] 

A constant watch is kept at the Central Office night and day. 
Each operator is on duty four hours. Two persons are required to 
be about the office at all times for safety, in case of accident to any of 
the machinery, or sudden illness of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch, unless ex- 
pressly relieved by some one else. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for any omis- 
sions or mistakes that may occur at the Central Office during his 
hour of duty. 



117 



An acciiralo account is kf!j)l, of the time of ;^iving ca/;li alarm, and 
of the J^istrictand Station from wiience it originates. 

Alai-ms are ti-ansmitted to tlie (Jenfral (>IIice from tlie Signal Sta- 
tions or lioxes by turning the ei'unk in the Hox. The Poiie*;, Watch, 
and a person resident near each liox, have each a key to the 
Boxes. 

Alarms are usually given in hna than a minute from the time the 
crank is turned in any Box, which is done in accordance with the 
following directions : — 

IMRECTIONS TO THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KEYS. 

1. If a fire is discovered in your vicinity go to the nearest box in 
the District. 

2. Turn the crank twoMty-five times, rather fast at first, then quite 
slowly at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as to direct the 
Firemen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn again. 
If still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The Watch upon hearing the bells, will spring their rattle* 
and call the number of the District. 

The alarms will be given from the Central Station by striking the 
number of the District on the bells, and tapping the number of the 
Station in tlie boxes. 

CAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in case 
of fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless called for 
by the City Authorities. 



There are 42 Signal Stations distributed and located in accordance 
with the following plan :— 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 

District No. 1. 

East and North of Levereit, Green, Court and State Streets. 

Siation No. 1.— Faneuil Hall. 

" y.— Corner .Maibliall and Hanover Streets. 

" 3. — Ricliinond, Eani ol'llanuver tilieel. 

" 4. — tia.-lcrn Kailruad Wharf. 

" !). — Con.'ililijtiun VVIiarf. 

" ij — fhipiii I'lace, corner of Charter Street. 

'' 7 — Cooper Street Church. 

" 8 — Hoston and Maine Kailroad Freight Depot. 

" 9 — CauHeway, corner of Lowell .Street. 

" lit. — Leverett, coiner of Vernon Street. 

" il. — tiudbury Street, Williani!i' Suble. 



118 



District No. 2. 
West ofLeverett, Green, Court, Tremont, and Boylslon Streets. 
Station No. l.^Church in North Russell Street. 

2. — West Cedar, corner of Cambridge Street. 

3. — Church in Charles Street. 

4. — West Centre, corner of Pinckney Street. 

5. — Reservoir, Hancock Street. 

6. — Bowdoin, corner of Cambridge Street. 

7. — Albion, Tremont Street. 

8. — Poplar, corner of Spring Street. 




District No. 3. 
Between the Water, Beach, Washington, Boylston, Tre- 
mont, Court and State Streets. 

Station No. 1.— Old South Church. 

" 2. — Central, corner of Broad Street. 

" 3. — Belmont, corner of High Street. 

" 4.— No. 21 Purchase Street. 

" 5 — Lincoln, corner of Summer Streets. 

" &. — Dr. Cabot's, Winter Street. 

" 7.— Central OtRce, City Building. 



110 



District No. 4. 

Between Dover, the Water, Beach, Wasldncjlon and 
Boylslon IStreets. 

Station No. ]. — Old Colony Rjiilroad Depot. 

" 2. — Oak, corner of Tyler Street. 

« 3. — Seneca Street, near Harrison Avenue. 

" 4. — Indiana I'lace Cliiirch. 

" 5. — Warren Street Church. 

" G. — Providence Railroad Depot. 

" 7.— Boylston Market. 

District No. 5. 

South of Dover Street. 

Station No. 1. — Engine House No. 3. 

" 2. — Church on Shawniut Avenue, cor. Waltham St. 

" 3.— Hydrant No. 5. 

" 4. — Shawmut Avenue, corneir of Northampton St. 

District No. 6. 

Comprises South Boston. 

Station No. 1. — Broadway, corner Turnpike Street. 
" 2.— Engine House No. 2. 
" 3. — Lyceum Hall. 
" 4. — Hroadvvay, near Dorchester Street. 
" 5. — House of Industry. 

District No. 7. 
Comprises East Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Near Toll House, on Boston side. 



HARBOE. 

George P. Tewksbiuy, Harbor 3Iaster. Salary $1200, and $730 for 
two Boatmen, and $150 for rent of Boat House, Chosen by con- 
current vote annually, "if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 172.] 

EEGULATIONS. 



Section 1. All vessels in the upper harbor are to anchor according to the 
directions of the Harbor-master. 

Section 2. All vessels in the upper harbor, not intended to be hauled into, 
some wharf immediately, must anchor below the range of India Wharf, and the 
easterly point of P^ast Boston, either on the notrh or south side of the channel, 
designated by the following marks, viz. : on the south by the tall steeple in Han- 
over street, in range with the Granite block on Long Wharf, and on the North by 
Long Island Light, in range with the half moon battery on Governor's Island. 

Section 3. The master, commander, or owners of vessels, shall, as soon as 
practicable, after having hauled to the end of any wharf that extends to the chan- 
nel in said harbor, cause her lower yards to be cock billed, and her top-sail yard to 
be braced fore and aft, and her jili-lioom to be rigged in, and the yards and jib- 
boom shall be kept so arranged, while such vessel lies at the end of the wharf, as 
aforesaid, and until she is prc])aring immediately to leave her berth. 

Section 4. All vessels found lying in the stream, not anchored according to 
the regulations, and not having a sufticient crew to move them, will be moved by 
the Harlior-master at the vessel's expense. 

Section 5. No person shall throw or deposit in said harbor, or any part 
thereof, any stones, gravel, ballast, cinders, ashes, dirt, mud, or other substances, 
which may, in any respect, tend to injure the navigation thereof 

Section 6. No warp or line shall be passed across the mouth of any slip, for 
the purpose of hauling any vessel by the said slip, before the vessel shall be within 
one hundred feet of said slip, if the owners or occupants thereof object, unless the 
Hai'bor master may think it necessary. 



^ 



120 



Section 7. All vessels at anchor in the harbor of Boston, shall keep an 
anchor-watch at all times, and shall keep a clear and distinct light suspended at 
least six feet above the deck, during the night, and whenever the provisions of 
tliis section shall be violated on board any vessel, the master or owners shall be 
liable to a penalty of not more than twenty dollars, to be recovered in the manner 
provided in the Act to which this is in addition, and shall be held liable to pay all 
damages that may be occasioned by such violence. 

Under no circumstances whatever are vessels permitted to anchor in the track 
of the ferry boats, or in Four Point Channel. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish Regulations concerning the Harbor of Boston, 

Section 1. The Harbor-Master shall have authority to regulate the anchorage 
of all vessels in the upper harbor of Boston, and when necessary, to order the re- 
moval of such vessels, and to cause the same to be removed in obedience to such 
order, at the expense of the master or owners thereof; and if any person shall 
obstruct said Harbor-master in the performance of any of his duties, as prescribed 
by this Act, or by the Act to which this is in addition, or shall neglect or refuse to 
obey any lawful order made by said Harbor master, he shall be liable to a penalty 
not exceeding fifty dollars for each offence. 



HEALTH. 

EXTERNAL DEPARTMENT, 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. Salary 
$1,200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May. City 
Ordinances, p. 211.] 

John S. Whiting, Assistant Physician. Salary $600 and board. 
[Chosen and paid by the Directors of the House of Industry, &c.] 

!Nicholas Berry, Captain of the Quarantine Boat, pay $50 per 
month. 

The Quarantine Boat in the service of the Port Physician, and the 
men are paid by the City. She is used as a boarding boat, and 
visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to inspect their crews, 
passengers, and cargoes. 

INTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

Superintendent of Health. Salary $1200. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in January or February.] 

Daniel B. Curtis, Assistant Supt. Salary $720. [Appointed by 
Superintendent, and confirmed by Mayor and Aldermen.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1,000. Chosen by con- 
current vote in May. Office, City Building, Court square. [City 
Ordinances, p. 209.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, George C. Shattuck, Jacob 
Bigelow, Zabdiel B. Adams, Gonsidting Physicians. Chosen by 
concurrent vote in May or June. [City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Artemas Simonds, City Registrar. Salary $1200. Chosen in Feb- 
ruary or March, by concurrent vote of the City Council. [City 
Ordinances, p. 327.] 



121 

The City Renjigtrar has the Superintendence of tlie Burial Grounds 
and Fimcrals. He records tlie Births, Deaths, and Marriages, and 
grants Certificates of all Intentions of Marriage. 

William Palfrey, Cleric. Salary $850. 
George Adams,' Assistant Registrar of Births. 

UNDERTAKERS. 

[A])pointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 212.] 
Caleb I. Pratt, 200 Federal street. 
Oren Faxon, 700 "Washington street. 
Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 
Richard Dillon, Avery place. 
John Peak, 1 Leverett street. 
Chai-les Houghton, Fourth street, South Boston. 
Constant T. Benson, Go Prince street. 
Harum Merrill, Brookline street. 
John White, Lewis street, East Boston. 
Obed Pratt, Jr., Spring street. 
Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Lowell Institute. 
William Cooley, 42 Cambridge street. 
Charles Cook, Hudson street. 
Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 
David Marden, Revere place. 
John AV. Pierce, 56 High street. 
Ware Wilkinson, 6 Gouch sti'eet. 
Nahum P. Whitney, 1 Lovett place. 
James Lynde, Hull street. 
Phihp E. Field, 63 B street. South Boston. 
John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 
Jeremiah Tinkham, 7 Purchase street. 
Levi L. Whitcomb, East Boston. 
William Willcutt, South street. 
Michael S. Dodd, Bowdoin street. 
Luther L. Tarbell, 14 N. Russell street. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Institutions, the 
Master of the House of Correction, are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council. The other officers are appointed by the Di- 
rectors of the different Houses. 

HOUSE OP INDUSTRY, AT DEER ISLAND. 

Office, City HaJJ. 
Directors. — Thomas Hollis, Chairman, Thomas P. Rich, Paul Adams, 
Samuel Leeds, Alfred A. Wellington, William Dall, John Flint, 
Nathaniel Brewer, John Cowdin, and John M. Wright. [Chosen 

16 



/ 



122 

in May. Ordinances, p. 236.] Clerh of Directors, William 
Willett. Salary $1,200. 

The Board meet the first Thursday at Deer Island ; the third 
Thursday at the House of Reformation ; all other Thursdays at their 
office, City Hall. 

John M. Moriarty, Superintendent. Salary paid by External Health 
Department. [See page 120.] 

Jonathan Mann, Jr., Assistant Supt. Salary $600 and board. 

John S. Whiting, Physician. [See page 120.] 

There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston and Mason 
Funds to the Chaplain, $500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; Assistant 
Teacher, $300. 

HOUSE OF REFORMATION AT SOUTH BOSTON. 

This Institution was established for the Education and Reformation 
of juvenile offenders, and is under the care of the Directors of the 
House of Industry. 

In the House of Reformation Department, there is paid to the Male 
Teacher, $500, and to two Assistants, $300 each; and to the 
Matron, $200. [Appointed by the Directors.] 

HOUSE OF CORRECTION. 

Office, City Building. 

Overseers. — James Clark, Chairman, Benjamin L. Allen, Francis C. 
Manning, William H. Foster, Bradley N. Cumings, Benjamin 
Smith, Benjamin Beal, Benjamin James, Thacher Beal. Chosen 
from time to time, generally in the month of May. [Ordmances, 
p. 219. Mun. Reg. p. 28.] 
The Board meet at City Building, on Friday afternoons. 

Master. — Charles Robbins. Salary $1,200, and board in House. 

Deputy Master. — Silas P. Walker. Salary $500, and board in House. 

Clerk to Master. — P. R. Irwin. Salary $400 and board in House. 

Clerk to Overseers. — Calvin Whiting. Salary $700. 

Cliaplain.—RdY. J. T. Burrill. Salary $1,000. 

There is also paid to seven Male Assistants, $400 each, and board ; 
and five, at $300. Three Female Assistants, at $250 each, and 
two, at $200. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Charles Edw. Cook, Chairman, George Odiorne, William 
H. Calrow, Alexander H. Rice, Julius A. Palmer, Stephen Tilton, 
D. McB. Thaxter, jr. [Chosen in January or February. Ordi- 
nances, p. 270.] 

The Board meet each Tuesday afternoon, at the City Hall, except 
the third Tuesday of each month, when they visit the Hospital. 



123 

Clement A. Walker, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to the 
above Institution and House of Correction. Salary $1,200, and 
Board in the House. [Cliosen in June, by the Visitors. Mun. 
Eeg. p. 44.] 
Chaplain. — Rev. Louis Dvvight. [Salary $5.00 a SaVjbath.] 
There are also attached to this Institution, 

One Male and one Female Supervisor. Seven male Attendants, 
$180 each ; seven female Attendants, $130 each ; one Laundress and 
one Housekeeper, at $156 each ; two Cooks, at $2 per week ; one 
Sempstress, at $2.50 per week ; House Attendant, at $2 per week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at South 
Boston receive $6U0, which amount is shared by the three Insti- 
tutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

Office, City Hall. 
(Charter, § 17.) 
( Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 
Ward 1 — Thomas Mair, No. 384 Hanover street. 

2 — Ephraim Brock, Central square. East Boston. 
3 — William Blake, 97 Merrimac street. 
4 — Silas Durkee, 26 Howard street. 
5 — John White, 38 Leverett street. 
6 — Tliomas Haviland, 63 Chestnut street. 
7 — Edmund T. Eastman, 9 Summer street. 
8 — John W. Warren, 49 Harrison avenue. 
9 — Calvin Whiting, 24 Warren street. 
10 — Isaac Emery, 101 Harrison avenue. 
11 — Henry E. Andrews, 3 Brookline street. 
12 — Thomas Hill, Jr., 147 Broadway, South Boston. 
James Phillips, Secretary. 
The Board meet on the first and third Wednesdays of every month, 
at 3 P. M., at their office. City Hall. 

The Overseers of the Poor are likewise incorporated as a Board of 
Trustees of John Boylston's and other charitable funds, left for the 
assistance of persons of good character and advanced age, " who have 
been reduced by misfortune to indigence and want." 
John W. Warren, Treasurer and Clerk of the Corporation. 

The meetings of the Board of Trustees are held in April and 
October. 

LAMPS. 

John Seaver, Superintendent of Lamps. Office City Building, Salary 

$600 per annum. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, City 

Ox'dinances p. 250.] 

There are 1736 Gas Lamps in City proper ; 156 in East Boston ; 
122 in South Boston. Total 2014. 
There are 708 Oil Lamps in Boston proper; 156 in East Boston; 

180 in South Boston. Total 1044. 



\ 



124 
PUBLIC LANDS. 

BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS. 

James Hayward, President. Benjamin F. White, Paul Adams, Andrew 
T. Hall, James Cheever, Henry N. Hooper and F. F. Raymond. 

The said Board is composed of one Alderman, and one member of 
the Common Council, and five citizens at large, one of whom goes 
' out of office each year and his place is supplied by a member chosen 
ioY Jive years. The term of office of the members at large in the ex- 
isting Board are as follows : 

/ Henry N. Hooper, 1853. 

James Hayward, 1854. 

James Cheever, 1855. 

F. F. Raymond, 1856. 

Andrew T. Hall, 1857. 

Chosen by concurrent vote in January or February, [Mun. Reg. 
p. 79.] 

Samuel C. Burr, Cleric. [Chosen by the Board of Commissioners.] 
Salary $600. 

Stephen Tucker, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office, City Hall. 
Salary $1,200. [Chosen in April or May, City Ordinances, p. 
311.] 

The above Board has the care and custody of all the Public Lands 
belonging to the City " except the Common, the Land and flats 
west of Charles Street, Deer Island, the lands connected with the 
Public Institutions at South Boston, or any other lands held for 
specific purposes." 

Joseph M. Sherburne. Superintendent of the Common, Malls and 
Public Squares. Salary $1,000. [Appointed by the Mayor.] 

Samuel C. Nottage. Superintendent of Public Buildings. Office 
City Hall. Salary $1,200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April 
or May.] 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

Instituted, A. D. 1852. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 72.] 

Trustees. — Hon. Edward Everett, President, George Ticknor, John 
P. Bigelow, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Thomas G. Appleton, Oliver 
Frost, George W. Warren. [Chosen by concurrent vote in Jan- 
uary.] 

XiSran'aw .^Edward Capen. Salary $1,000. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote in October.] 

The Library is, at present, situated in the Adams School House 
Building, in Mason street. Joshua Bates, Esq., of London, whose 
early life was passed in Boston, having offered to this City the munifi- 



125 

cent sum of Fifty Tliousand Dollars towaivls the purchase of Books 
for the Public Library of the City, if the City would erect a suitable 
building for that jiurpose : on the 24th of February, 1853, an order 
was passed by the City Council, authorizing the Committee on the 
Library, in conference with the Board of Trustees, to purchase a 
suitable site for the erection of a building which should be fully 
adapted to the purpose of Mr. Bates's donation. Accordingly said 
Committee purchased two estates on Boylston street opposite the Com- 
mon. 



MARKET. 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Marlcet. Salary 
$1,200. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in June or 
July. City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. p. G4.] 

Thomas Bennett, Deputy Superintendent. Salary S800 per annum. 
[City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. p. 64.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

The limits of Faneuil Hall Market include the lower floor, porches 
and cellars of the building called Faneuil Hall Market, and the streets 
on each side thereof called North Market street and South Market 
street, except the northerly sidewallv of North Market street, and 
the southerly sidewalk of South Market street ; and also all those 
parts of Commercial street and the street lying between the Market 
building and Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said 
sidewalks extended easterly and westerly across said street. 



POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

Gilbert Nurse, Chief of Police. Salary $1,800. [Appointed by the 
Mayor and Aldermen in May or June. City Ord. p. 272. Mun. 
Reg. p. 62.] 

William D. Eaton, First Police Deputy. Salary $1000. [City Ord. 
p. 272. Mun. Reg. p. 62.] 

Hezekiah Earl, Second Police Deputy. Salary $800. [Nominated 
by the Chief of Police, and approved by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
City Ord. p. 272. Mun. Reg. p. 62.] 

Robert Taylor, Supe7-intende7it of Coaches, Cabs, S^c. 

Luther A. Plam, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, S^c. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 



126 



DAY POLICE. 



Samuel G. Adams, 
John Bordman, 
John W. Bragdon, 
Lemuel Chesley, 
George Churchill, 
Jacob H. Currier, 
Amos Dodge, 
Alvin S. Drew, 
John M. Dunn, 
Howard A. Doe, 
Nathaniel G. Davis, 
Joshua Dunbar, 
Wade H. Goodwin, 
Simon B. Heustis, 
Samuel Hinkson, 
Galen Holmes, Jr. 
"William E. Hough, 
Benjamin Heath, 
James Jewett, 
John M. Keyon, 
George M. King, 
Orrick Look, 
Henry Leeds, 



Rufus Leighton, 
Harrison Marsh, 
Rufus C. Marsh, 
Bernard McGinniskin, 
George "W". Oliver, 
John H. Osborn, 
George R. Pichard, 
Charles P. Philbrick, 
John L. Philbrick, 
Edward G. Richardson, 
Edward H. Savage, 
Ebenezer Shute, 
Alfred Sleeper, 
George Smith, 
William B. Tarleton, 
Porter D. Tripp, 
Archibald E. Towle, 
Edward W. Weliman, 
Daniel Walker, 
J. C. Warren, 
Arnold C. Whitcomb, 
Simon F. Wright, 
Oliver Whitcomb. 



HARBOR POLICE. 



William B. Tarleton, Captain, 
William A. Howard, 
Frederick P. Moore, 
Richard Newton, 
George F. Leonard, 



Orlando W. Harlow, 
Michael T. Leary, 
George C. McGregor, 
Levi Cooper. 



CONSTABLES. 

Appointed and Qualified. 



Asa 0. Butman, 
Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp, 
William 0. Cheswell, 
Rufus R. Cook, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
George J. Cooledge, 
George J. Dexter, 
Wm. D. Eaton, 
Elisha V. Glover, 
Benj. Heath, 
Galen Holmes, Jr. 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
Richard Hosea, 
John C. Harrington, 



Harum Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
David Patterson, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
James W. Pierce, 
Jabez Pratt, 
Edwin Rice, 
James P. Rice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
James E. Spear, 
Elijah K, Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Henry C. Stratton, 



127 



Alnxnndru' Hopkins, 
Edwurd -J. Jones, 
Isaac 11. Kimball, 
William Loring, 
John T. Lavvton, 
John C. Leigliton, 
Joseph W. Leighton, 
Charles J. Merrill, 



Jonas Slratfon, 
Henry Tayloi-, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
Benjamin Ti'ue, 
Samuel S. Viallf, 
"William Whitwell, 
John Wilson. 



[City Ord. p. 83.] 



The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the Citizens 
on Election days. 
Ward 

7 — George J. Dexter, 
8 — Charles Smith, 



Ward 
1 — James E. S})ear, 
2 — Wm. Munroe, 
3 — Jabez Pratt, 
4 — Jonas Stratton, 
5 — David Patterson, 
6— Elisha V. Glover. 



9 — Isaac A. Cooledge, 
10 — Zaccheus Holmes, 
11 — Harum Merrill, 
12 — John T. Lawton. 



Constables appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make complaints 
against Truant Children and Absentees from School. [City Ordi- 
nances, p. 402.] 



William F. Reed, 
Azor Maynard, 



John C. Pattee, 
William H. Brown, 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

John H. Eastburn, City Printer. Work done by contract. [City 
Ordinances, p. 304.] 

There are nine newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertise- 
ments, ^c. are published. Not yet elected, those of last year were 
the Daily Advertiser, Courier, Atlas, Post, Chronicle, morning 
papers. Daily Evening Ti-anscript, Boston Daily Journal, Daily 
Herald, evening papers. [Elected by the City Council, in Februa- 
ry or March. Compensation not exceeding $300 each per annum. 



SOLICITOR. 

George S. Ilillard, City Solicitor, Office No. 4 Court street. Salary 
$2,.500, his office expenses and $200 for clerk hire. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote in June. City Ordinances, p. 360.] 



SEWERS. 

Charles B. Wells, Superintendent of Common Servers. Oflice City 
Hall. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by concun'ent vote in May or 
June. City Ordinances, p. 358.] 



128 



STEEETS. 



The Mayor and Aldermen are Surveyors of Highways. [Charter § 
22. Ord. 378.] 

Alfred T. Turner, Superintendent of Streets, Office City Hall. Sala- 
ry $1,400. [Chosen by concurrent vote in January or February. 
City Ordinances, p. 383.] 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Frederic U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector. Salary 
$3,000 ; and $5,700 for permanent assistant clerks. [Chosen by 
the City Council in Convention, in May, City Charter, § 26.] 

DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



Moses Bass, 
Ephraim L. Eliot, 
Henry Nichols. 



James Pierce, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
James W. Pierce, 
Edwin Rice, 

[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, § 1, 13. City 
Ordinances, p. 119,] 

Elisha Copeland, City Auditor. Salary $2,500, and $900 for clerk 
hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council in May. 
City Ordinances, p. 396.] 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE WATEK BOARD. 

Ofp,ce 119 Washington Street. 
[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordinances, 



p. 424.] 

Thomas Wetmore, Chairman. 



Sampson Reed, 
Ezra Lincoln, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Jonathan Preston, 
Henry B. Rogers, 
Adam W. Thaxter, jr. 



Samuel Holbrook, Cleric. 



J. Avery Richards, Water Registrar. Salary $1,300. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 



CITY ENGINEER. 



E. Sylvester Chesbrough. Salary $2,500. 

Henry S. McKean, Assistant Engineer. Salary 1,200. 

Office, 119 "Washington street. 
[Chosen in September or October, by concurrent vote. Ordinances, 
p, 425.] 



129 



WATCH DEPARTMENT. 

William K. Jones, Captain of the Watch. Office, City Building, 
Court Square. Salary $G(3i>. [Appointed by the Mayor and 
Aldermen, in May or June. City Ordinances, p. 408.] 

The Watch Department consists of seven divisions, viz : the East, 
West, North, South — the Boylston Division, which includes all 
above , Summer and below Orange streets, — and the South Boston 
and East Boston Divisions. 

There are 19 Constables of the Watch, at $1.25 per night, 240 
Watchmen, at $1.00 per night. 



The following City Officers are paid by fees, and are annually ap- 
pointed by the City Council. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

George W. Cram. Office, 25 Doane street. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in February. City Ordinances, p. 260.] 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 
[City Ordinances, p. 261.] 

Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 

Timothy Abbott, 21 Broadway, South Boston. 

Charles Bullard, 14 Fayette street. 

Hiram Crego, 10 Tyler street. 

George Davis, 4 Brookline street. 

George Dupee, 332 Tremont street. 

Osgood Eaton, Prince, corner of Salem street. 

Thomas H. Holland, 42 Harvard street. 

George Hall, 26 South Russell street. 

Charles Hersey, 77 Brighton street. 

John Lefavor,- 2 Porter street, East Boston. 

Josiah Marston, 204 Fourth street. South Boston. 

Thomas Milican, 36 Ash street. 

George Page, G street. South Boston. 

Charles W. Smith, 10 Camden street. 

Bradbury G. Prescott, 143 Lexington street, East Boston. 

John Kenney, 204 Fourth street, South Boston. 

Edward Willett, 35 Porter street. 

Samuel Waldron, 97 Broadway, South Boston. 

William Keith, 2 Lyndeboro' place. 

John W. Young, 49 Chelsea street. East Boston. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, 31 Dover street. 



130 

Surveyors of Oak, and other Hard Wood. 

Seth Brooks, Saratoga street, East Boston. 

Gad Leavitt, Franklin House. 

E. \\jvk Sparrell, East Boston. 

John B. Drew, Princeton and Marion streets, E. Boston. 

Inspectors of Lime. — Isaac Jones, Joel Wheeler. 

Fence Viewers. — John Sproul, Abel B. Munroe. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Lewis Beck, John Lang. 

Gidlers of Hoops and Staves. — John P. Ober, Nehemiah P. Mann. 

Assay Master. — Samuel F. Guild. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Samuel Stinson, William B. 
Harding;. 



The following are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
Weigher of Hay, ^c. — John R. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurers of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon, Benjamin B, 
Webster. [Ordinances, p. 254.] 

Measurer of Wood and Bark brought hy land. — John E. Bradford. 
[Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Measurer of Wood, brought hy water. — Warren BoAvker. [Ordinan- 
ces, p. 444.] 

Inspectors of Ballast, and Weighers of Boats and Lighters. — Abijah 
R. Tewksbury, Henry Curtis. [Appointed in March or April. 
Ordinances, p. 33. Mun. Reg. p. 76.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from time to time, until the 
first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures. — Peter H. Walker. [Ordinances, 
pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Elbridge G. Dudley, 
Israel M, Barnes, Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, Caleb W. 
Hartshorn, Joseph Urann, Andrew J. Loud. [Ordinances, p. 181.] 

COUNTY OFFICERS. 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 

The duties of Judge of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
are performed by the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, or 
some one of them. [Act 1843, ch. 7.] 

George P. Sanger, Attorney. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk, 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 



Deputies. 



131 

SHERIFFS AND COUONEKS. 

Joseph Evelctli, Sheriff and Jailor. 

Gustavus Andrews, 
William P. Baker, 
Alonzo F. Neale, 
Daniel J. Coburn, 
IJenjamin F. Bayley, 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 

William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailor. 

Jabez Pratt, Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, Erastus W. Sanborn, Jacob 
Herrick, Charles H. Stedman, Coroners. 

rOLICE COURT. 

John Gray Rogers, ^ Justices of the Police Court and of the Justices' 
Abel Gushing, ^ Court. Salary $1,800 each. [Rev. Stat. 

Thomas Russell, ) ch. 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary $1,800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 

William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1,500. [Rev. Stat. ch. 
87.] Setli Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salaiy $1,000. 

Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court are the 
Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. Act 1843, 
Ch. 61, § 2."] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Insp)ectors. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police Court, con- 
stitute the Board of Accounts for the County. [Revised Statutes, 
p. 164. Ord. p. 96.] They are allowed $3 for each day's actual 
service in auditing the County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 

William Easterbrook, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary 
$700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant Keeper. Salary $700. [Ajipointed by 
Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme Court.] 



132 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 

Hon. J. V. C. Smith, Mayor, Chairman. 

Alexander H. Rice, President of the Common Council. 



Ex oiflciis. 



\_The following are chosen in each Ward.'\ 



Ward. 

1 Rev. Gershom F. Cox, 

Rev. Arthur B. Fuller. 
2 Dr. William H. Thorndike, 

Rev. James N. Sykes. 
3 Dr. J. Proctor Haskins, 

Daniel P. Simpson. 
4 Rev. S. K. Lothrop, 

Dr. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff. 
5 Rev. William Howe, 

Loring Norcross. 
6 J. Thomas Stevenson, 

John Lowell. 



Ward. 

7 Dr. Z. B. Adams, 

Dr. Le Baron Russell. 

8 Samuel W. Bates, 

Dr. Samuel Parkman. 

9 Rev. Otis A. Skinner, 

Dr. N. C. Keep. 

10 Rev. George M. Randall, 

Marcus T. Robinson. 

11 William Lincoln, 

Dr. Luther Parks, jr. 

12. Dr. John S. H. Fogg, 

Henry A. Drake. 



Nathan Bishop, Superintendent of Public Schools. Salary $2,500. 
Office in City Hall. Office hours from 12 to 2 o'clock, P. M. 

Barnard Capen, Secretary of School Committee. Salary $500. In 
the Superintendent's office from 9 o'clock, A. M., to 12 M., and 
from 3 to 5 P. M. 



SUB-COMMITTEES. 

Committee on Boohs — Messrs. Adams, Skinner, Russell, Randall and 
Parks. 

Committee of Conference with Primary School Committee' — Messrs. 
Norcross, Stevenson and Bates. 

Committee on the Erection., Alteration and Ventilation of School 
Houses — Messrs. Shurtleff, Sykes and Fogg. 

Committee on Temporary Instruction — Messrs. Stevenson, Keep and 
Drake. 

Committee on Accounts — Messrs. Lowell, Lincoln and Robinson. 

Annual Examining Committee — Messrs. Russell, Skinner, Norcross, 
Simpson, Sykes, Fuller, Haskins, Parks and Drake. 



133 




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134 



INSTRUCTOES IN THE VARIOUS SCHOOLS. 

Note. The Masters of Latin, English High and Normal Schools 
liave a salary of $2,400 each per annum. 

The Sub-Masters in the Latin and English High Schools have 
$1,500 for the first year's service, with an increase of $100 for each 
additional year's service until the salary amounts to $1,800 per an- 
num. The Ushers in these schools have $1,000 for the first year's 
service, with an increase of $100 for each additional year's service 
until the salary amounts to $1,500 jjer annum. 

The Masters of the Grammar Schools have $1,500 for the first 
year's service, with an increase of $100 for each additional year's ser- 
vice, until the salary amounts to $1,800 per annum. The Sub-Mas- 
ters in these schools have $1,000 for the first year's service with an 
increase of $100 for each additional year's service, until the salary 
amounts to $1,200 per annum. The Ushers in these schools have 
$700 for the first year's service, with an increase of $100 for each 
additional year's service, until the salary amounts to $900 per annum. 
Head Assistants in the Normal School have $500 per annum ; other 
Assistants in this school $450 per annum. Head Assistants in the 
Grammar Schools have $450 per annum ; other Assistants in these 
schools have $250 for the first year's service, with an increase 
of $50 for each additional year's service, until the salary amounts 
to $400 per annum. Teachers of Vocal Music have $1 25 per an- 
num for each school instructed in this branch. 

LATIK SCHOOL. 

Francis Gardner, Master. 

Caleb Emery, Sub-Master. 

John Noble, Charles J. Capen, and Thomas H. Chandler, Ushers. 

Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL. 

Thomas Sherwin, Mctster. 

Luther Robinson, First Sub-Master. k 

Francis S. Williams, Second Sub-Master. 

Charles M. Cumston, and Luther W. Anderson, Ushers. 

Frederick D. WiUiams, Teacher of Drawing. • 

NORMAL SCHOOL. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Mary J. Tarr, Caroline C. Johnson, Lucy W. Ripley, Emma B. Guild, 

Assistants. 
Model School — Lucy D. Osborn, Mary S. Gage, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



135 



BIGELOW SCHOOL. 

Frederick Crafts, Master. 

Julia M. Baxter, Martha C Jenks, Cclinda Soavor, Elizabeth Wil- 
liams, Elizabeth Crafts, Elizabeth Weston, Emily R. Baxter, As- 
sistants. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

BOWDOIN SCHOOL. 

Abraham Andrews, Master. 

James Robinson, Assistant Teacher of Arithmetic. 

Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, Mary S. Robinson, Ilannah S. 
Andrews, Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Marcy Ann Smith, Louisa Clark, 
Martha A. Palmer, Sarah R. Andrews, Mary A. Proctor, Assistants. 

A. N. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

BOYLSTON SCHOOL. 

John C. Dore, Grammar Master. 

Charles Kimball, Writing blaster. 

William T. Adams, Usher. , 

Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, Catharine H. GroverJ Ellen M. S. Tread- 
well, Maria A. Moulton, Anna A. Foster, Rosetta M. Hodges, Ma- 
ry S. Smith, Laura P. Holland, Louisa F. Moulton, Assistants. 

Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 

BRIMMER SCHOOL. 

Joshua Bates, Master. 
Daniel C. Brown, Sub-Master. 
Dean F. Battles, Usher. 
Anna L. Gage, Head Assistant. 

Mary E. Beck, Amelia F. Upton, Mary Taylor, Ellen B. Cunning- 
ham, Mary M. Knight, Helen H. Chaffee, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Ifusic Teacher. 

CHABMAN SCHOOL, FOR BOYS. 

John P. Averill, Master. 

William Alfred Jenks, Usher. 

Jane E. Gilbert, Adeline E, Clapp, Julio, T. Beale, Sarah J. D'Arcy, 

Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

CHAPMAN SCHOOL, FOR GIRLS. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Master. 

Lucy A. Wiggin, Sarah J. Chamberlin, Louisa A. H. Winnek, 

Charlotte L. Stockwell, Assistants, 
L. H. Southard, 3Iiisic Teacher. 

DWIGHT SCHOOL, FOR BOYS. 

James A. Page, Master. 
William F. Basto, iSub-Master. 



136 

Elizabeth P. Wyman, Eliza M. Josselyn, Lucretia S. Josselyn, Al- 

mira W. Hodges, Caroline L. Tyler, Assistants. 
E. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

DWIGHT SCHOOL, FOR GIRLS. 

George B. Hyde, Master. 

Eliza A. Harding, Henrietta Draper, Pemelia W. Gate, Mary M. 

Brett, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

ELIOT SCHOOL. 

William H. Seavey, Master. 

Samuel W. Mason, Sub-Master. 

Alfred Hewins, Usher. 

Caroline W. Carter, Eliza L. Felt, Sophia Shepard, Hannah M. 
Damon, Caroline A. Conant, Calista H. Clement, Fanny K. Rich- 
ardson, Sarah T. Jones, Anna E. Dyke, Assistants. 

Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 

FRANKLIN SCHOOL. 

Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

Catharine T. Simonds, Sarah A. M. Cushing, Head Assistants. Abba 
A. Johnson, Angelina A. Brigham, Mary J. Leach, Lucy M. Beck, 
Sarah A. Gale, Mary A. Mitchell, Elizabeth J. Brown, Helen E. 
Vans, Elizabeth M. Bradbury, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

HANCOCK SCHOOL. 

George Allen, jr., Master. 

Sub-Master. 
Henrietta L. Pierce, Sarah E. White, Helen M. Johnson, M. R. 

Brigham, Achsah Barnes, S. 0. H. Eaton, M. Sherman, Mary F. 

Kimball, Elizabeth F. McKay, Mary S. Gale, Rebecca C. Lewis, 

Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

HAWESSCHOOL. 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Charles A Morrill, Sub-Master. 

Henry C. Hardon, Usher. ' 

Louisa J. Henderson, Georgianna Watts, Martha A. Dearborn, 

Josephine W. Easte, Assistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

JOHNSON SCHOOL. 

Joseph Hale, 3f aster. 

Rebecca P. Barry, Martha E. Towne, Almira Seymour, Mary Jane 
Danforth, Caroline E. Leighton, Assistants. 
Music Teacher. 



137 



LYMAN SCHOOL, FOR BOYS. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. 

James F. Blackinton, Sub-Master. 

Mary O. Bulfincli, Almira G. Smith, Mary A. Turner, Amelia II. 

Pitman, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

LYMAK SCHOOL, FOR GIRLS. 

Isaac F. Shepard, Master. 

Mary P. Moulton, Jane M. Ilight, Emeline French, Cordelia Loth- 

rop, Eliza A. Wiggin, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

MATHER SCHOOL, 

Josiah A. Stearns, Master. 

Asa Weeks, Sub-Master, 

Lucy Floyd, Margarette A. Moody, Margaret A. Pease, Elizabeth 

B. Raynolds, Alice Cooper, Laura A. Bartholomew, Mary Jane 

Newmarch, Olive M. Jefferds, Assistants. 
Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

MAYHEW SCHOOL, 

Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Music. 

Winslow Battles, Sub-Master. 

Robert Swan, Usher, 

Elizabeth D. Moulton, Head Assistant. Elizabeth L. West, Eliza- 
beth P. Hopkins, S. W, I. Copeland, Sarah E. Curtis, Emily A. 
Moulton, Helen H. Pearson, Caroline H. Rice, Assistants, 

PHILLIPS SCHOOL, 

James Hovey, Master. 

Amphion Gates, Sub-Master. 

John M. Colcord, Usher. 

Catharine P. Dow, Eliza F. Copeland, Ellen M. Cooledge, Sart^h E, 

Adams, Elvira M. Harrington, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

QUINCY SCHOOL. 

Charles E. Valentine, Master. 

B. W. Putnam, Suh-Master 

James 0. Brown and Adoniram Alden, Ushers. 

Josephine L. Tucker, Head Assistant. Mary G. Clement, Abbie 
Dalton, E. Maria Simonds, E. 0. Vinton, Lydia A. Hanson, Sot 
phia A. Leverett, Harriett D. Hinkley, Angelina A. Moulton, 
Caroline D. Cotton, Assistants, 

Benjamin F. Baker, Music Teacher, 

18 



138 



y 



SMITH SCHOOL 



Thomas Paul, Master. 
Charlotte M. Knowles, Assistant. 
James C. Johnson, Music Teacher. 

W EL LSSCHOOL. 

Cornelius "Walker, Grammar Master. 

Reuben Swan, jr., Writing Master. 

William H. Swan, Usher. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Mary S. Carter, Sarah J. Lothrop, Lydia A. 

Hay ward, Maria E. Chase, Assistants. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 

•WINTHROP SCHOOL. 

Henry "Williams, jr.. Master. 

Anna B. Page, Head Assistant. 

Elizabeth R. Briggs, Susan A. W. Loring, Caroline A. Rogers, Mar- 
tha I. Cotton, Almira Paul, Elizabeth Leatherbee, Jane E. Che- 
ney, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher, 



139 



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150 



WARD OFFICERS 



1854. 



Ward No. 1. 



Wa7^den. 
Osgood Eaton. 

Clerk. 
George D. Ricker. 



Warden. 



Ezra Vinal. 



Clerk. 
Thomas H. Dalton. 



Warden. 
James Quinn. 

Clerk. 
George C. Jacobs. 



Warden. 
S. Rowland Hart. 

Clerk. 
George T. Steams. 



Inspectors. 
Edwin L. Farnham, 
Henry C. Hemenway, 
Henry F. Prince, 
Enoch H. Snelling, jr., 
John B. Wedofer. 



Ward No. 2. 



Inspectors. 
Salma E. Gould, 
Austin Gove, 
Samuel Melvin, 
"WiUiam Prescott, 
Jacob C. Wentworth. 



Ward No. 3. 



Inspectors. 
John D. Cadogan, 
Charles Carter, 
Walter Harmon, 
James M. Stevens, 
George D. Towne. 



Ward No. 4. 



Inspectors. 
Sylvanus P. Bartlett, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, jr., 
George H. Kingsbury, 
J. Haskell Long, 
Fitzroy Sessions. 



151 



Ward No. 5. 



Warden. 
Theopliilus R. Marvin. 



Joseph Story. 



Clerk. 



Otis Clapp. 



Warden. 



Clerk. 
James B. Weeks. 



Warden. 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Clerk. 
Joseph M. Gibbens. 



Warden. 
Stephen G. Deblois. 

Clerk. 
George N. Davis. 



Wardeii. 
Levi Wilkins. 

Clerk. 
Rufiis P. Parrish. 



Warde7i. 
Henry Willard. 

Clerk. 
William A. Bell. 



Inspectors. 
William G. Harris, 
G. William Hill, 
Luther L. Tarbell, 
Edwin A. Wadleigh, 
Charles W. Warren. 



Ward No. G. 



Inspectors. 
Paul Adams, jr., 
William A. Bangs, 
George H. Braman, 
John S. Damrell, 
Benjamin B. Williams. 



Ward No. 7, 



Inspectors. 
Henry H. Atkins, 
Thomas Barry, 
Caleb Norris, 
Horatio R. Storer. 
William A. Warner. 



Ward No. 8. 



Inspectors. 
Marshall J. Cutler, 
William L. Elliot, 
Abram French, 
Edward C. Lothrop, 
W. B. Russell. 



Ward No. 9. 



Inspectors. 
Charles H. Bacon, 
William E. French, 
Humphrey Jameson, 
James B. Leeds, 
Horace C. Rose. 



Ward No. 10. 



Inspectors. 
James C. Folsom, 
L}Tnan A. George, 
Augustus Glines, 
Israel S. Trafton, 
Henry I. Williams. 



152 



WardM. 11. 



Warden. 
John Farrington. 

Clerk. 
Henry J. Coolidge. 



Warden. 
"Walter H. Tilden, 

Clerk. 
Gustavus Forbes. 



Inspectors. 
Horace A, Breed, 
Charles Caverly, 
William Copeland, 
George A. Hinckley, 
William Swinson. 



Ward No. 12. 



Inspectors. 
J. Eliot Bond, 
Samuel F. Guild, 
John S. Hunt, 
Joseph F. Pray, 
Edwin B. Spinney. 



WARDS. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, across Hanover 
street to Salem street ; thence by the centre of Salem street to Coop- 
er street ; thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charles- 
town street to Beverly street ; thence by the centre of Beverly to 
Causeway street ; thence across Causeway street, and in the same 
direction with Beverly street, to the water ; thence by the water to 
the point begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the Fitchburg 
Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the central line of Bever- 
ly street if extended to the water ; thence by such line and the centre 
of Beverly street to Charlestown street ;• thence across Charlestown 
street, and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by 
the centre of Salem street to Richmond street ; thence by the centre 
of Richmond street, to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hano- 
ver street to Court street ; thence by the centre of Court street to 
Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett street ; 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence 
by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with Lowell 
street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; 
thence by the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by 
the centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre of 
Green street to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford 
street to Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge 
street to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and 
Mount Vernon street, to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street, to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of Winter street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to India street ; 
thence across India street by a straight line, to the water on the 
south side of Central wharf; thence by the water to the point begun 
at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Staniford street 
thence by the centre of Staniford street to Green street ; thence by 
the centre of Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett 
streets ; thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 

20 



154 

thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by 
the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple street ; 
thence by the centre of Temple and Mount Vernon streets to Beacon 
street ; thence by the centre of Beacon street and the Western avenue 
to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western 
avenue ; thence northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence across Lidia street, by a straight line to Milk street ; thence 
by the centre of Milk street to Washington street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Washington street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of 
Winter street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to West street ; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Essex street ; thence by centre of Essex street to South street ; 
thence by centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by cen- 
tre of Summer street, and by a straight line in continuation there- 
of, to the water, on the northerly side of Summer street wharf ; thence 
by water to point begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of Summer 
street wharf; thence by a straight line in continuation of the centre 
of Summer street, and by the centre of Summer street to South 
street ; thence by the centre of South street to Essex street ; thence 
by the centre of Essex street to Kingston street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Kingston street to Bedford Street ; thence by the centre of Bed- 
ford street and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre 
of Tremont street to EUot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Kneeland 
street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thence 
crossing Sea street by a straight line, to the water on the southerly 
side of Howe's wharf; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of the Western 
avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street to Tremont street; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West Castle street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Rail- 
road Bridge ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Rail- 
road to the boundary Ime between Boston and Roxbury ; thence by 
said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of Howe's 
wharf; thence by a straight line across Sea street to Kneeland street ; 
thence by the centre of Kneeland to Washington street ; thence across 
Washington street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Warren 
street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington street ; 



155 

thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence 
by the centre of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end 
of the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary hne between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Boston and Worcester liaih'oad ; thence by the centre 
of the Boston and Worcester Raih-oad to the Raih'oad Bridge ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to West Castle street ; thence 
by the centre of West Castle street to Washington street ; thence l>y 
the centre of Washington street to Dover sti*eet ; thence by the centre 
of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston 
South Bridge ; thence by the water to the Boundary line between 
Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said boundary line to the point be- 
gun at. 

No. 12.— AU South Boston. 



WARD ROOMS. 

1 Eliot School House, North Bennet Street. 

2 School Room, Paris, corner Meridian street, East Boston. 

3 Corner Friend and Merrimack streets. 

4 City Building, Court square. 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 School House, Franklin street, corner Theatre alley. 
8 

9 Vestry 5 th Universalist Church, Wai-ren street. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

11 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



156 



TAXES. 



The amount, of Taxes assessed on the Ileal and Personal Estates 
in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been as follows : 

1848. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, $100,403,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 67,324,800.00 



Total Valuation, - - - - - - 167,728,000.00 



At $6.50 per $1,000, is 1,090,232.00 

No. of Polls, 27,726, $1.50 each, is - - - 41,589.00 



Total Tax for 1848, 1,131,821.00 

Increase over 1847, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,638,700.00, being about 2.70 per cent. 

Personal, 2,728,900.00, 5.22 



Total, $5,367,600.00, being 3.31 per cent. 
Polls, 718, 2.66 



1849. 



Valuation of Eeal Estate, ----- $102,827,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 71,352,700.00 



Total Valuation, - - - . . . - 174,180,200.00 



At $6.50 per $1,000, is 1,132,171.30 

No. of Polls, 28,363, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,544.50 



Total Tax for 1849, viz : - - - . 1,174,715.80 

Increase over 1848, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,424,300.00, being 2.4145 per cent. 

Personal, 4,027,900.00, 5.9827 



Total, $6,452,200.00, being 3.846 per cent. 
Polls, 637, 2.297 



157 



1850 



Valuation of Real Estate, $105,093,400.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 74,907,100.00 



Total Valuation, 180,000,500.00 

At $6.80 per 1,000, is 1,22 1,003.40 

No, of Polls, 28,018, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,027.00 

Total Tax for 1850, $ 1,2GG,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz : 
Property, Real, $2,265,900.00, being 2.203 per cent. 

Personal, 3,554,400.00, 4.981 



Total, $5,820,300.00, being 3.341 per cent. 

Polls decreased, 345, being a loss of 12.233 per cent. 



185 1. 



Valuation of Real Estate, $109,358,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estates, - - - - 78,588.500.00 



Total Valuation, 187,947,000.00 



At $7 per $1,000, is 1,315.629.00 

No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - 42,667.50 



Total Tax for 1851, $ 1,358,296.50 

Increase over 1850, viz : 
Property, Real, $4,265,100.00, being 4.058 per cent. 

Personal, 3,681,400.00, 4.914 



Total, $7,946,500.00, being 4.414 per cent. 
Increase of Polls, 447, 1.524 



158 



185 2. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $110,699,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 76,980,800.00 

Total Valuation, 187,680,000.00 



At $6.40 per $1,000, is 1,201,152.00 

No. of Polls, 28,983, at $1.50 each, is - - 43,474.50 



Total Tax for 1852, .---.$ 1,244,626.50 
Increase on Real over 1851, $1,340,700.00 

Decrease on Personal over 1851, 1,607,700.00 



Net decrease, - - $ 267,000.00 



185 3. 

Valuation of Real Estate, $116,090,900.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 90,423,300.00 



Total Valuation, 206,514,200.00 



At $7.60 per $1,000, is 1,569,507.92 

No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, .... 44,938.50 



Total Tax for 1853, $ 1,614,446.42 

Increase over Real Estate, 1852, $ 5,391,700.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1852, 13,442,500.00 



$18,834,200.00 



159 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1823 - 


_ _ _ 


- 


- 


- 


$ 103,550.00 


1825 - 


_ _ _ 


- 


- 


- 


305,873.00 


1830 - 


_ _ _ 


- 


- 


- 


891,930.00 


1835 - 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


1,147,398.00 


1840 - 


_ . _ 


- 


- 


- 


1,698,232.00 


1845 - 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


1,163,266.00 


1846 - 


- January 


ist, - 


- 


- 


1,085,200.00 


1847 - 


ii 


" 


.. 


- 


1,033,766.00 


1848 - 


- _ « 


" 


- 


- 


1,112,906.00 


1849 - 


_ , « 


" 


- 


- 


1,354,332.00 


1850 - 


_ _ « 


" 


- 


- 


1,623,823.00 


1851 - 


_ _ « 


" 


- 


- 


1,756,000.00 


1852 - 


_ _ <« 


" 


- 


- 


1,714,298.44 


1853 - 


_ , « 


" 


- 


- 


1,746,510.39 


1854 - 


Ordinary Debt, 


$1,886,459.55 






Water Debt, 
Consolidated De 


5,91 


■2,97 


6.11 






3t, 






$7,859,435.06 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following table shows the value of the Real and Personal 
Estate, with the number of persons assessed frora the year 1794, and 
every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Keal Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s d 


£ s d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2,953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


3,600 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5,230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


6,772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6,617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7,851 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10,980 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13,311 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15,652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18,151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24,817 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,18(1,200 


32,396 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33,183 



160 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 43,298 

1830 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 85,000 

1845 - - 114,366 

1850 - - - 138,788 



STATISTICS OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF BOSTON. 

Estimated cost of all the Public School Estates to May 1st, 1853. 

1. Cost of the Latin and English High School Es- 
tate, and of the improvements on the same, .... $82,151.51 

2. Cost of all the Grammar School Estates, and of 

the improvements on the same, 797,848.49 

3. Cost of all the Primary School Estates, and of 

the improvements on the same, *448,500.00 



Total cost of all the Public School Estates, . . . $1,358,500.00 

Means and Cost of supporting Public Schools. 

The City receives annually from the State School 

Fund, about, ' $ 5,500.00 

The remainder of the means for supporting the Public 
Schools is drawn from the City Treasury, which 
is replenished by the annual tax and by other sources 
of income. 

In the year 1853, the expenses of the School De- 
partment amounted to, 329,800.20 

During the last twelve years 21 per cent, of the ordi- 
nary City expenditures have been appropriated to 
the Public Schools. 

* This sum is much smaller thnn it would be, if a large number of Primary 
Schools did not occupy the I'ooms in the Grammar .School Houses, or rooms 
hired for their use elsewhere. 



161 



Annual Expenses of the Gramm<ir Schools for twelve years past. 



Year. 


Salaries of 


Niinibor of 


Hate |)cr 


IiiriilcnCal 


.New I!iiil(liii(.'-i 




Teachers. 


Scholars. 


Scliohir. 


Expenses. 


and Alteralicjns. 


1841-42 


$ 73,258.83 


6,433 


$ 11.39 


$14,305.10 


$ 21,314.80 


1842-43 


75,774.G8 


6,823 


11.10 


16,761.22 


7,442.33 


1843-44 


81,332.68 


7,533 


10.80 


15,379.46 


53,.551.56 


1844-45 


89,205.11 


7,935 


11.24 


21,134.00 


48,414.45 


1845-46 


98,876.40 


8,311 


11.90 


21,964.79 


46,336.80 


184G-47 


104,675.34 


8,513 


12.30 


25,.589.93 


62,451.61 


1847-48 


113.467.48 


8,836 


12.84 


34,878.12 


90,153.02 


1848-49 


118,435.84 


9,114 


12.99 


36,935.67 


3.5,567.24 


1849-50 


121,270.23 


9,332 


13.00 


34,314.26 


63,964.46 


1850-51 


125,819.60 


9,694 


12.98 


39,820.82 


29,969.14 


1851-52 


129,478.82 


9,981 


12.97 


26,001.47 


5,218.58 


1852-53 


130,531.18 


10,337 


12.63 


35,849.82 


*42,991.00 



Annual Expenses of the Primary Schools for tioelve years past. 



Year. 


Salaries of 


Number of 


Rate per 


Incidental 


New Uuildinss 




Teachers. 


Scliolars. 


Scholar. 


Expenses. 


and Alterations. 


1841-42 


$ 23,934.84 


5,968 


$4.01 


$8,889.71 


$12,457.25 


1842-43 


25,324.79 


6,355 


3.98 


10,876.14 


10,210.18 


1843-44 


27,884.14 


7,540 


3.70 


11,075.34 


9,926.14 


1844-45 


29,239.84 


8,173 


3.57 


10,968.12 


12,502.27 


1845-46 


31,070.35 


8,599 


3.61 


13,346.36 


16,570.86 


1846-47 


44,675.69 


9,003 


4.96 


17,425.39 


34,592.02 


1847-48 


47,910.64 


10,060 


4.76 


22,530.18 


39,290.46 


1848-49 


53,671.99 


10,657 


5.04 


23,993.98 


3.5,923.72 


1849-50 


56,461.31 


11,257 


5.02 


23,685.61 


17,756.86 


1850-51 


58,434.08 


11,949 . 


4.89 


21,214.39 


51,010.69 


1851-52 


61,230.09 


11,970 


5.11 


19,516.68 


56,221.16 


1852-53 


62,508.33 


12,002 


5.45 


22,231.46 


35,823.09 



From these Tables it appears that for the last twelve years, the avcrajre cost of 
instruction For each scholar in the Latin, High, and the Grammar Schools has 
been Sl.'j.lO per annum ; and that for each scliolar in the Primary Schools it has 
been $6.42 per annum. The whole average cost of instruction is $10.70 per an- 
num for each scholar in the Boston Tublic Schools. 



* $27,644.45 of this sum was expended in crectinp; the New Boylston School 
House in place of the one destroyed by tire in July, 1S32. 

SI 



162 



Modes and Times of appointment of the various City 
Officers^ as prescribed hy the City Ordinances^ ^c. 



City Clerk. — in Convention, - - - - 

Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Trustees of Public Library — Concurrent vote. 
Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concurrent vote, 
Superintendents of Free Bridges — Concurrent 
vote "first acted upon by the Mayor and 
Aldermen," ------ 

Engineers of Fire Department — Concurrent 
vote, __----- 

Superintendent of Streets — Concurrent vote, - 
Superintendent of Health — Concurrent vote, - 
Public Land Commissioners- — Concurrent vote. 
Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and Staves, 
Field Drivers, Pound Keepers, Inspectors 
of Lime — Concurrent vote, _ _ _ 
Officers to complain of Truants, &c. — Mayor 

and Aldermen, 

Surveyor General of Lumbei* — Concuri-ent 
vote, ____--- 

City Registrar — Concurrent vote. 
Newspapers, elected by joint ballot, for City 
Advertising, ------ 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Sealers of Weights and Measures, Hay 
Weighers, Inspectors of Hay, Measurers 
of Wood and Bark — Mayor and Alder- 
men, - - - - - - 

Inspectors of Ballast and Weighers of Light- 
ers, — Concurrent vote, - - - - 

Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent vote, - 
Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Superintendent of Public Buildings — Concur- 
rent vote, ___--- 
Superintendent of Public Lands — Concurrent 
vote, - - - - - - 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms — Concurrent 

vote, 

Qitj Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, - 



January. 

January. 

January. 

January or February. 



January or February. 

January or February. 
January or February. 
January or February. 
January or February. 



January or February. 

January or February. 

February. 
February or Marcla. 

February or March. 

March. 

March or April. 

March or April. 

March or April. 

April. 

April or May, 

April or May. 

April or May.. 
May. 



163 

Captain of Watch and Watchmen — INfayor 

and Aldermen, - - _ . _ May. 

Overseers of House of Correction — Concur- 
rent vote, May. 

Master of House of Correction — Concurrent 

vote, May. 

Directors of House of Industry, &c. — Concur- 
rent vote, May. 

City Treasurer — In Convention, - - - May. 

City Auditor — Concurrent vote, - - - May. 

City Physician — Concurrent vote, - - May. 

Port Pliysician — Concurrent vote, - - May. 

City Messenger — Concurrent vote, - - May. 

Chief of Police — Mayor and Aldermen, - May or June. 

Consulting Physicians — Concurrent vote, - May or June. 

Superintendent of Sewei's and Drains — Con- 
current vote, ------ May or June. 

City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - - - June. 

Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market — 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - - _ June or July. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - - September. 

City Engineer — Concurrent vote, - - September or October. 

Water Registrar — Concurrent vote, - - September or October. 

Libraiian — Concurrent vote, _ _ - October. 

Superintendent of Faneuil Hall — Mayor and 

Aldermen, ------ October. 



ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

Apjwinted hy the Public Authorities. 



On the anniversary of the Boston Massacre, Marcu 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Wairen, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thaeher, 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq, 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 



164 



On the Anniveksaet of the National IndependencEj July 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. Jolin Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stilhnan, D. D. 
1? 90. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph HaU. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Rev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William SuUivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Button, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher. 
] 808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Francis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Plon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. Jolin Chipraan Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Fra^ieis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 



165 

1831. Hon. .John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. lion. .Josiali QuiiK-y, .Jr. 

1833. Edward (Joldsborouj^li Proscott, Esq. 

1834. Richard Sullivan Fay, E,sf(. 

1835. Hon. Gcorf^c Stillman Ilillard. 

1836. Henry AVillis Kinsman, Es(i. 

1837. Hon. .Jonathan Clia])nian. 

1838. Kcv. Hubljard AVinslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas l*ower, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. l*eleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary. 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

1852. Rev. Thomas Starr Iving. 

1853. Timothy Bigelow, Esq. 

N. B. All of the above Orations have been printed with the 
exception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis Dana 
Channing, and Thomas S. King. 



CATALOGUE 



^jrljenniieut ai i\t Citj) at ^asim, 



IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THEIR SERVICE, 



PROM ITS 



INSTITUTIO.V, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1854, 



INDEX. 



PRELIMINARY REMARKS. 



During thirty municipal years, one being but eight months, when 
the time of the City election was changed in 1825, one hundred and 
twenty-one citizens have served as Alderrnen, forty-two have deceas- 
ed, two while in office. Of this number, forty-nine have served one 
year ; forty-two, two years ; fourteen, three years ; seven, four years ; 
six, five years ; three, six years ; one, eight years ; one eleven years. 

Seven hundred and twelve citizens have served in the Common 
Council since 1822. Of whom one hundred and fifty are deceased, 
seven while in office, f'ifty-three have represented two wards, and 
two citizens have represented three wards. 

NOTE. 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See Mayors. 

MAYORS. 

The election of Mayor for 1845, was more warmly contested than 
on any former year. There were not less than eight several ballot- 
ings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of February, 
Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, William 
Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chairman of the 
Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining health 
resigned the office of Mayor, whidi resignation, however, was not 
accepted by the City Council, and on the 22d of November he died, 
being the first Mayor who has died in office, since the organization of 
the City Government in 1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, jr., was elected Mayor, 
by the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as Chairman 
of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. Davis and the 
election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an Alder- 
man of the City, was afterwards chosen Mayor. 

At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, he 
resigned as an Alderman and accepted the office of Mayor. 

The election of Mayor for 1854 was continued through three bal- 
lotings, from Dqcember 12, 1853, to January 9, 1854. In the mean- 
time the duties of Mayor were performed by Benjamin L. Allen, 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen. 



169 



ALDERMEN. 



Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re-elected, 
and Thomas B. Wales and llcdford Webster, elected 1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 182(5, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organization. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — having been chosen 
one of the principal Assessors. 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected an Alder- 
man, died before his qualification. 

At the Municipal Election in 1852, 7iine Aldermen had a majority 
of ballots — but, in accordance with the statute, the eight who had the 
highest number of votes were declared elected. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not qualify 
himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no provision for 
affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 0, elected for 1827, declined. 

Henry D. Gray, and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Kleazer Howard, 
Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, AVard 9, elected for 1828, also 
Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined prior to the oi-ganiza- 
tion. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward G, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward IC, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

Ezra Forristall, Ward 6, resigned in May, 1853, and was elected 
Superintendent of Health. 

There have been six successfully contested Elections. 

The first, Februaxy 22, 183i>, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that " closing the poll before the hour at 
which the voters were notified it would be closed, was a violation of 
the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members of 
Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an adjourned 
meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of irregular proceeding 
to render the whole number of votes certain by taking the highest 
number of votes for candidates on each opjiosing ticket ; adjournment 
of the meeting by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregu- 
larities at the annual election, December 8. 

22 



170 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three members 
of Ward 1 2, on the ground that a number of illegal voters, sufficient 
to eifect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 1 , returned as elected at the adjourned meeting, Decem- 
ber 14, on the ground that four votes for non-resident candidates, 
(after having been first thrown out by the Ward officers,) *were 
counted at the annual election, December 1 2, thereby preventing the 
choice of two other candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, 
were by the decision of the Council, declared elected, leaving one 
vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. At the subsequent trial the same 
members were again returned to the Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of thi-ee members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. 

The seventh, in accordance with the report of the Committee on 
Elections, vacated the seats of three members from Ward 1 1 , on the 
ground that the Mayor and Aldermen had no right to issue warrants 
for election of members of the Common Council, after the annual 
Election, and before the organization of the Government elect. But 
inasmuch as the elections in question were conducted bona fide, and 
no other informality was apparent, and as this custom of supple- 
mentary elections had been in vogue for twenty years, the members 
thus elected were by the vote of the Common Council declared enti- 
tled to their seats. The passage of the Plurality Law, of 1854, will 
remedy most of these cases for the future. 

* This fact was admitted, though not stated in the report of the Committee. 



171 



18 22. 

MAYOR, 

*JOHN PHILLIPS. 



ALDERMEN 



*Samuel Billings, 
*Ephraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Josepb. Head, 



*Josepli Jenkins, 
*Josei)li Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Bryant Parrott Tilden. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

* WILLIAM PRE SCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Henry Orne, 
*Josepli Stodder. 

Wards. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
*Josepli Cooledge, 

* Samuel Perkins, 

* Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 

* Thomas Kendall, 
Horatio Gates Ware, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 
*William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonatlian Amory, 

* Patrick Tracy Jackson, 

* Augustus Peabody, 
*Enocli Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*"Peter Chardon Brooks, 
*James Perkins, 

* Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
*William Prescott, 
John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
*Andrew Drake, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

* David CoUson Moseley, 
*Isaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 

* George Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa Bullard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 
*Winslow Lewis. 

Ward 12. 
Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
*John Howe, 
Moses Williams. 



172 



1823. 

M A ,T O K , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



*Daniel Baxter, 
* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



*Asliur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
* Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN WELLES, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
* Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
*Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 
William Wriarht. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
James Savage, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 

* David Francis, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa Bullard, 

* Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



173 



1824. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAII QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 

* David Weld Child, 
*Josepli Hawley Dorr, 
*Asbur Benjamin, 



Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

*Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2. 
*William Little, jr., 
*01iver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
*William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
* Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 

Eliphalet Porter Hartshoin, . 
George Washington Otis, 
Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright. 
Thomas AViley. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
*Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, ■' 

Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward n. 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
* Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprasue. 

Ward' 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaae Thorn, 
Charles Bemis. 



174 



18 2 5. 

M A T O K , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



*Daniel Caroey, 
*Jolan Bellows, 
*Josiali Marshall, 
*Jolin Damarisque Dyer, 



F-. 



* Thomas Welsh, 

* George Blake, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



CO MM OK COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 

William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 

* Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 

* Benjamin Clark, 
*Jolm Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 

* Thomas Wells, 
*Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
WrS*. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

* George Hallett, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
*John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*WiUiam Symonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Richardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 
Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Franklin Dexter, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothingham, 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 

* Oliver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



175 



1826. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN. 



* Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiali Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr., 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Robbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Wardl. 
"William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjarain Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 
■ Ward 3. 

* John Richardson Adan, 
*WiIliam Sprague, 
Amos Farnsworth, 

Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 

* August us Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam, 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Yose, 
Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 
Henry Hatch. 



176 



1827. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY 



ALDERMEN 



Cyrus Alger, 
*John Bellows, 
*Tliomas Welsh, jr., 
John Foster Loring-, 



*Jeremiali Smith Boies, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
*Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot,' 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 

* Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 

* George Hallett, 
*William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter, 
*Jonathan Loring, 
*Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 
*Sam,uel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 

* David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 

* Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
George Brinley, 
William Parker, 
Charles Sprasue. 

Ward h. 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
*Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 

* William Little, jr., 

* George Gay. 



177 



1828. 

M A Y O K , 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



John Foster Loring, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
James Savage, 
*TIiomas Kendall, 



ALDERMEN, 

*James Hall, 
Phincas Upham, 
*John Pickering, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clark Betton, 

* Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick "Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
*James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunnmgham, jr., 
*James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

AVard 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 
*David Moody. 

23 



Ward 7. 
*Jolm Arno Bacon, 
John Belknap, 

*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward,*(res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
*Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*]Srorman Seaver, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 
Robert Treat Paine, (from May.) 
*John Lowell, jr., 
George Betlmne, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, . 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Gary, 
Walter Cornell, 
*Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



178 



1829. 

MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*James Hall, 



* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles WeUs. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian CJark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 

* Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis, 
*Thomas Reed, (died February.) 

* Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker, 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaster, 
William Parker, 

* George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth, 

Ward 6. 
*Tsaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
*Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*■ Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Siraonds, 
*John Lowell, jr., 

* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 

* Oliver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 



179 



18 3 0. 

]\r A Y O R , 

*I-IARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN. 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 



*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
* Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

AVard 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufti, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated in 
February.) 



. Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforlh, 
Elias Ilasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
*John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, jr., 
Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*James Wright. 



•180 



18 3 1. 

MAYOR, 

*HAERISO]Sr GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 



*Henry Farnam, 
Adam Bent, 
*John Binney, 
*Ricliard Devens Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 

* Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 

Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

* Isaac Waters, 
*Ensign Sargeant, 
Stephen Titcomb. 



Ward 7. 

* Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 

Levi Bartlett, 
Abbott Lawrence. 
Ward 8. 

* Thomas Minns, 

James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Heniy Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 



181 



18 3 2. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
*Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 



*Ricli'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 

Jabez Ellis, 

* James Bowdoin, 

*John Stevens, (died.) 

*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMSION COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
*Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
* George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Watei's, 
Jonathan Porter, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 
*Tliomas Minus, 
Richard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John Collamore, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
*Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Ilatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr. 



182 



18 3 3. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDEEMEN, 



*Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 
Jabez Ellis, 
* William Tileston, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
*Bill Richardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 

* Samuel Chessman, 
Philip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
.Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 

* Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 

* Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

*Gi'enville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Silas Bullard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
*Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 

* Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb. 

Ward H. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



I'SS 



1834. 

MAYOR, 

*TIIEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
■*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 
Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Grenville Temple Wintlirop, 
George Washinoton Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargent, 
*Edward Cruft, jr. 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Isaas McLellan, jr. 

Ward io, 

* Daniel Messinger, • 
^Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb, 

* William Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Aniee. 



184 



1835. 



MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*Jolin Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leighton, 



ALDERMEN, 

Josi^h Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 

* Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy,jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Edward Cruft, jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
*Horace Dupee. 
Ward 9. 
* Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Ap thorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
*James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 
Richard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins. 



185 



1836. 

MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*Jolin Burbeck McCleary, 
Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 



ALDERMEN, 

Samuel Greele, 



Joseph Ilenshaw Hayward, 
Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
*William Greene Eaton, 
Aai'on Breed. 

Ward 9. 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Cofiin Amoiy. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. Mai'ch.) 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Geny Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



24 



185 



18 3 7. 

M AT O K, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Isaac Harris, 

*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 
Thomas Hudson, 
Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 
Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 
Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 

George William Gordon, 

Joseph Thornton Adams, 

Lemuel Putnam Grosvener. 
Ward 5. 

Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 

*Philip Greely, jr., 

Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 

*Isaac Waters, 

George Washington Bazin, 

*Ezra Lincoln, 

Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
*William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

* James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward 11 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



187 



1838. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 
* Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAllaster, 
Theopliilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards, 
Newell Aldi'ich Thompson. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
*Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward IL 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thiomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Neheraiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



188 



1839. 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 

ALDERMEN, 

Henry Farnam, I Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Wetmore, Thomas Richardson, 

*Nathan Gurney, Isaac Harris, 

Joseph Henshaw Hayward, j *James Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARKET, President. 



Ward 1. 
John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAUaster, 

* William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow, 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace WiUiams. 



Ward?. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 
Ward 10. 
. Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, jr., 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, jr., 
*John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
*Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



189 



1840. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN 



ALDERMEN 



*Natlianiel Pope Russell, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 



Charles "Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

^PHILIP MARRETT, Pr-esident. 



Ward 1. 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeboi'n Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, jr. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 
George Washington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkuas, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward 11. 
*John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Cui-rell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



190 



184 1. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDEKMEN, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, jr. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Meriam. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res. April.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. Neale Howe, jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett. 

Ward 11. 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



191 



1842. 

MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CIIAPMAK 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
*Natlia.n Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



William Parker, 
*Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Richard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward L 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tap pan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Ilealy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Pai'ker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*■ Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hay den, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 1 r. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremiah Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



192 



1843. 

MAYOR, 

*MAETIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



Richard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward IL 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
John Tillson, 
Romanus Emerson. 



193 



1844. 

MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
William Henry Learnard, 
*Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. KendaU. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Chaiies Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg "N^-liitman Chandler^ 
Kimball Gibson, 
John Gfh'dner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*B. B. Appleton, (d. April) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Ilayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthingtou Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward IL 
Edward Shirley Erviug, 
Isaac Cary, 

' Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



194 



18 4 5. 



MAYOR 



*THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUmCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 



ALDERMEN 



Benson Leavitt, 

William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Samuel ShurtleiF Perkins, 



* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Lyman Reed, 
James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Pei'kins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
* Sargent S. Littlehale. 
; Ward 5. 

Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel TopliflP, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C Demerest, 
Thomas Jones, - 

Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



195 



1846. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



William Pai-ker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



ALDERMEN, 

Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Georg-e E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

AYard 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George 8. Hillard, 
Thomas .Haviland, 
Charles Henry Pai'ker. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George AV. Frothinohani. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams. 
John W. Crafts. 



196 



18 4 7. 



MAYOR 



JOSIAH QUINCY,Je. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 
Billings Briggs. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 

(Resigned, July 1.) 

BEHJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen, July 1.) 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 
William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 

* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 

* George W. Abbot. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*RicIiard B, Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
Wilham G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliif, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Heniy Worthington Dutton, 
George R. Sampson, 
Ezi'a Lincoln, jr., 
Samuel Wales, jr. 

Wai-d IL 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



197 



1848. 

M A Y K , 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDKRMEN, 



Henry Bromfiell Rogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



John H. Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COBIBION COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Bi'own, 
William D. Coolidge, 
* George W. Abbot, 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, . 
Joseph Smith. 



198 



1849. 



MAYOR, 



JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOAV. 



ALDEKMEN, 



Heniy Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Billings Briggs, 
John P, Ober, 

Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robei-t Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

• Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
* Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel L. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplilF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
*ManHus S. Clarke, 
George William McLeUan, 
*Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



199 



185 0. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



Plenry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



ALDERMEN 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. • 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
WiUiam C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
Geoi-ge William McLellan, 
*ManUus S. Clarke, 
*Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



200 



1851. 

MAY O R, 

JOHN PPvESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry BromfielcT Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Gushing, 
James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holclen, 
Charles H. Steai-ns. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
* James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Richard Shackford. 

Ward 3. 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bosworth, 
Thomas Sjjrague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward IL 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
*Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale, 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



201 



1852. 

MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER. 



ALDERMEN. 



John Pliimmer Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



*Lyman Periy, 
Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Thomas Phillips Rich, 
Isaac Caiy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George Wilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
*James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Roby. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawi-ence 
John J. Rayner. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Frederick PI. Stimpson. 



Ward 7. 
David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, jr. 

Ward 10. 
Ezi-a Lincoln, 
Aaron H.- Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John F. Banister. 

Ward 11. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Ilobart, 
David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel R. Spinney. 



202 



1853 

MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAYEE. 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas Phillips Eich, 



ALDERMEN, 

Isaac Carj, 
James Whiting, 
Benjamin Franklin White, 
Oliver Frost. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GAEDNEE, President. 



Ward 1. 

Cyrns Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner. 

Ward 2. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. KeUy, 
Benjamin F. Eussell. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Roby, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Charles Dupee. 

Ward 4. 
Henry J. Gardner, 
John J. Rayner, 
William F. Goodwin, 
Martui L. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Roberts, 
^Israel C. Rice, 
Matthew Binney. 

Ward 6. 
Paul Adams, 

Ezra Forristall, (resigned in May.) 
Francis B. Winter, 
Henry F. Durant, . 
William Washburn, (from May.) 



Ward 7. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
William Burrage. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 

Ward 9. 
Peter C. Jones, 
Thacher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French. 

Ward 10. 
John F. Banister, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Samuel J. M. Homer, 
Joel Richards. 

Ward 11. 
Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander H. Rice, 
Stephen Tilton, jr., 
Gardner P. Drury,(res. in Feb.) 
John A. Cummings, (from Feb.) 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
William S. Thacher, " 
James F. Whittemore. 



INDEX. 



ALDERMEN. 



\^T he figures indicate the numher of years of servlee7\ 



A 




Greele, Samuel 


3 (Pickering. John 


1 


Alger, Cyrus 


2 


Gurney, Nathan 


8 


Piper, Solomon 


1 


Allen, Benjamin L. 


2 






Pope, William 


4 


Amory, Charles 


2 


H 




Preston, Jonathan 


3 


Andrews, William T. 


2 


Hall, Jacob 


1 






Armstrong:, Samuel T. 


4 


Hall, James 


2 


Q 




Ayer, J. CuUen 


1 


Hall, Samuel 
Harris, Isaac 


2 
2 


Quincy, Samuel 


2 


B 




Harris, James 


1 


R 




Baxter, Daniel 


2 


Harris, Richard D. 


2 


Reed, Lyman 


1 


Bellows, John 


3 


Hathaway, John 


4 


Reed, Sampson 


2 


Benjamin, Asher 


2 


Hayward, Joseph H. 


4 


Revere, Joseph W. 


1 


Bent, Adam 




Head, Joseph 


1 


Rich, Thomas P. 


2 


Billings, Samuel 




Head, George E. 


3 


Richardson, Thomas 


3 


Binney, John 




Holbrook, Henry M. 


2 


Robbins, Edward H, 


1 


Blake, George 




Hooper, Stephen 


2 


Robinson, Simon W. 


1 


Boies, Jeremiah S. 




Hunting, Thomas 


6 


Rogers, Henry B. 


5 


Bowdoin, James 








Russell, Benjamin 


4 


Briggs, Billings 




J 




Russell, Nathaniel P. 


2 


Brimmer, Martin 




Jackson, Francis 


1 






Bryant, John 




James, Benjamin 


2 


S 








Jenkins, Joseph 


1 


Savage, James 


2 


C 




Jones, Thomas 


2 


Savage, James S. 


1 


Carney, Daniel 


2 






Stedman, Josiah 


1 


Cary, Isaac 


2 


K 




Stevens, John. See 


Note. 


Child, David W. 


2 Kendall, Thomas 


2 


Shipley, Simon G. 


1 


Clark, James 


2 


Kimball, Moses 


1 


Sleeper, Jacob 


2 


Clark, Calvin W. 


1 






Smith, Benjamin 


1 


Crane, Larra 


2 


L 












Leavitt, Benson 


2 


T 




D 




Leighton, Charles 


2 


Tilden, Bryant P. 


1 


Dingley, John T. 


1 


Lewis, Winslow 


4 


Tilden, Joseph 


1 


Dorr, Joseph H. 


2 Longley, James 


3 


Tileston, William 


2 


Drake, Tisdale 


1 Loi-ing, John F. 


5 






Dunham, Josiah 


3 Lovering, Joseph 


1 


U 




Dunham, Josiah, jr. 


] 


Lowe, Abraham T. 


5 


Upham, Phineas 


1 


Dyer, John D. 


1 


M 
Mai-shall, Josiah 




Urann, Richard 


2 


E 




2 


W 




Eddy, Caleb 


2 


McClcary, John B, 


5 


AYales, Thomas B. 


1 


Eliot, Ephraim 


1 


Munroe, Abel B. 


1 


Washbum, William 


1 


Eliot, Samuel A. 


2 






Webster, IJcdford. Sec 


Jsote 


Ellis, Jabez 


3 







Wells, Charles 


2 






Obcr, John P. 


3 


Wells, John B. 


1 


F 




Odiorne, George 


2 


Wells, Charles A. 


I 


Fales, Samuel 


2 


Odiorne, George (1S54) 


1 


Welsh, Thomas, jr. 


3 


Farnum, Henry • 


6 


Oliver, Henry J. 


6 


Wetmorc, Thomas 


11 


Eennelly, Robert 


2 






White, Benjamin F. 


1 


Eiske, Benjamin 


1 


P 




Whiting, James 


1 


Frost, Oliver 


2 Parker, William 


5 


Wilkins, Charles 


2 






L'attcrson, Enoch 


2 


Wilkinson, Simon 


2 


G 




I'erkins, James 


1 


Williams, George F. 


1 


Gould, Frederick 


3 Perkins, Samuel S. 


3 


Williams, Moses 


1 


Grant, Moses 


4 


L'crry, Lyman 


1 


Wilkins, John U. 


3 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

\_The references are to Wards.~\ 



A 




Betton, N. C. 


1 


Bowker, John H. 


1 


Abbott, Andrew 


3 


Bigelow, George T. 


7 


Brown, Charles 


6 


Abbott, George W. 


5 


Bigelow, John P. 


9 


Brown, Charles H. 


9 


Abbott, Samuel L. 


10 


Bean, Aaron H. . 


10 


Brown, Asa 


12 


Adams, Aaron 


2 


Binney, Matthew 


5 


Bosworth, Hiram 


3 


Adams, Asa 


3 


Blake, Edward 


4,7 


Burnham, Andrew 


2 


Adams, George W. 


7 


Blake, James 


12 


Burrage, William 


7 


Adams, Joseph T. 


4 


Blake, William 


9 


C 




Adams, Paul 


6 


Blanchard, A. W. 


5 


Callender, Richard 


9 


Adams, Philip 


3 


Blanchard, Geo. D. B 


2 


Carlisle, George 


12 


Adams, Seth 


12 


Bliss, Levi 


10 


Chapin, David 


7,8 


Adan, John R. 


3 


Blodgett, Luther 


10 


Carruth, Nathan 


2 


Allen, James B. 


2 


Boies, Jeremiah S. 


9 


Carter, Richard B. 


6 


Alger, Cyrus 


12 


Boles, John 


3 


Carter, Solomon 


3 


Amee, Jacob 


9 


Boles, Levi 


5 


Cary, Isaac 


11 


Amee, J. L. C. 


12 


Bonney, Pelham 


5 


Gary, Alpheus 


12 


Amory, Jonathan 


7 


Bourne, Abner 


8 


Center, John 


1 


Amory, Thomas C. 


9 


Boyd, John P 


2 


Chandler, Peleg W. 


6 


Andrews, Henry 


2 


Boynton, Terkins 


1 


Chapin, David 


7 


Appleton, Samuel 


6 


Brack ett, Richard 


2 


Chapman, Jonathan 


6 


Appleton, Benjamin 


B. 7 


Bradbury, Samuel A. 


3 


Chessman, Samuel 


3 


Appleton, Ebenezer 


6 


Bradford, W. B. See Note. 


Child, Stephen 


12 


Appleton, Samuel A 


7 


Bradford, Gamaliel 


9 


Chipman, George W. 


5 


Arnold, Charles 


3 


Bradlee, David W. 


8 


Clark, Benjamin 


2 


Aspinwall, Samuel 


1 


Bradlee, John R. 


9 


Clark, Calvin W. 


9 


Atkins, Ebeneser 


2 


Bradlee, Josiah 


8 


Clark, James 


3 


Atkins, John 


4 


Bradlee, Samuel 


12 


Clark, John M. 


4 


Austin, E. G. 


7,10 


Bradlee, Joseph 


7 


Clarke, Manlius S. 


11 


Austin, Samuel, jr. 


6 


Bradlee, Josiah P. 


7 


Coffin, George W. 


5 


Ayer, Joseph C. 


2 


Bradley, Joseph 


3 


Coffin, Nathaniel W. 


7 






Brainard, Edward H. 


12 


Cofran, George 


3 


B 




Breed, Aaron 


8 


Cole, Merrill 


2 


Bacon, John A. 


7 


Breed, Horace A. 


11 


Collamore, John, jr. 


10 


Bailey, Ebenezer 


8, 10 


Brewer, Nathaniel 


8 


Cook, Charles E. 


9 


Bailey, Edwin C. 


3 


Brewer, Thomas 


11 


Cook, Zebedee, jr. 


9 


Baker, John 


8 


Brigham, Benajah 


3,4 


Coolidge, Joseph 


4 


Baker, Ruel 


10, 11 


Brigham, Levi 


9 


Coolidge, William D. 


5 


Ballard, Daniel 


2 


Brimmer, George W. 


11 


Copeland, Elisha, jr. 


11 


Ballard, John 


9 


Brinley, George 


10 


Coney, Jabez 


12 


Baldwin, Aaron 


10 


Brinley, Francis, jr. 9, 


10,7 


Conley, Charles C. 


12 


Banister. John F. 


10 


Brooks, Charles 


9 


Cornell, Walter 


12 


Barry, William 


1 


Brooks, Edward 


7 


Cowdin, Robert 


11, 10 


Barnard, Charles 


10 


Brooks, Noah 


12 


Crnfts, John W. 


12 


Bartlett, Daniel, jr. 


1 


Brooks, Peter C. 


8 


Crane, Horatio N. 


12 


Bartlett, Levi 


7 


Brooks, William G. 


7 


Crane, Larra 


3 


Bassett Joseph 


1 


Brown, Francis 


5 


Crane, Samuel D. 


12 


Bassett, Francis 


8 


Brown, James 


8 


Critchet, Thomas 


3 


Bates, Martin 


2 


Bryant, David 


10 


Crockett, George W. 


4 


Bates, Ezekiel 


3 


Bryent, Walter 


9 


("rosby, Frederick 


5 


Battles, Jason D. 


3 


Bullard, Asa 


11 


Crowninshield F. B. 


4 


Bazin, George W. 


6 


Bullard, Calvin 


11 


Cruft, Edward, jr. 


8 


Beal, Renjamin 


5 


Bullard, Silas 


8 


Cumings, B. N. 


1,11 


Beal, Thacher 


9 


Burchstead, Benjamin 


8 


Cunningham, A. jr. 


4 


Belknap, John 


7 


Burr, Theophilus 


5 


Cunningham, N. F. 


5 


Bent, Adam 


12 


Buttrick, Cyrus 


1 


Curtis, Charles P. 


7 


Bemis, Charles 


12 


Boynton, James 


1 


Curtis, Thomas B. 


4,7 


Bethunc, George 


10 


Boardman, Charles 


5 


Gushing, Henry W. 


9 



INDEX. 



205 



Cnshing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Samuel L. 1 

Cutter, Ammi 4 

Clapp, Otis G 

Carries, William K. 2 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummin£;s, John A. 11 

Calrow, William H. 2 



D 

Dall, William 
Dorrancc, Oliver B. 
Dale, Ebe)iezer, 
Danforth, Isaac 
Dascomb, Thomas K.. 
I'avis, Henry 
Davis, J. Amory, 
Davis, John 
Davis, Jonathan 
Demond, Charles 
Derby, Elias H. 
Dexter, Franklin 
Dexter, John B. jr. 
Dexter, Theodore 
Dickinson, Daniel 
Dillaway, William 
Dimmock, John L. 
Dingley, John T. 1 
Dodd, Benjamin 
Dodd, James 
Doggett, John 
Doolittle, Lucius 
Dorr, Joseph H. 
Dorr, Samuel 
Dorr, William B. 
Drake, Andre\v 
Drake, Jeremy 
Drake, Tisdale 
Drew, Joseph L. 
Dudley, James H. 
Dunbar, Peter 
Dunham, Josiah 
Dunham, Josiah, jr. 
Dupee, Charles 
Dupee, Horace 
Durant, Henry F. 
Dutton, Henry W. 
Dyer, Ezra 
Dyer, John D. 
Dyer, Oliver 
Denny, Daniel 
Dennison, James 
Davis, George 
Demerest, Samuel C. 



10 

2 

6 

1 

9 

8 

7 

9 

7,8 

3,4 

2 

1 

8 

1,12 

1 

10 

11 

4 

8 

7 

12 

10 

12 

9 

9 

3 

1 

12 

12 

3 

8 

6 

10 

.5 

3 

3 

8 

10 

11 

12 



E 



Eaton, William 1, 3 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G. 8 

Edmands, George W. 5 

Edwards, Henry 6, 7 

Eldredge, Edward H. 7 

Elliot, John ] 



Ellis, Ebenezcr 5 

Ellis, Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, liowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Romanus 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, Joshua 3 

Emmons. John L. 10 

Erving, Edwy-rd S. 11,9 

Eustis, William T. 4, 7 

Eveleth, Joseph 4, .5 

Everett, Otis 11 



Farnsworth, Amos 3 

Farnum, Henry 4 

Faxon, Nathaniel 2 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Fay, Kiehard S. 10 

Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenno, John 2 

Fessenden, Benjamin 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard N. 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Flint, Joshua B, 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Ford, William C. 4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 

Follett, Dexter 3 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 
Foster, Wm. See Note. 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles 1 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H. 9 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, Samuel 11 

Frothingham, G. W. 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. 3 

Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D. 
Gardner, Francis 

Gardner, Henry J. 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L. 9,10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 

Gill, Perez 1 1 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Goodwin, William F. 4 

Gordon, George W. 4 

Gore, Christopher 1 

Gould, Benjamin A. 9 



Gould, Frederick 1, 2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gregg, Washington P. 4 
Giant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John C, 9 

(xreely, Philip, jr. .5 

Green, John, jr II, 12 

Grcenough, VVilliam W. 4 
Grosvenor, L. P. 1,4 

Guild, Samuel E. 11 



H 

Hall, Andrew T. 

Hall, Martin L. 

Hallett, George 

Hamblen, David 

Hammond, Nathaniel 
I Harding, William B. 

Harris, Isaac 
I Harris, James 

Harris, Joseph, jr. 

Hale, Theodore P. 

Harris, Leach 

Harrington, W. A. 

Harrod, Noah 

Hartshorn, E P. 

Haskell, Elias 

Haskell, Levi B. 

Haskell, William 0. 

Haskell, Daniel N. 

Hastings, Edmund T. 

Hastings, Joseph S. 

Hatch, Henry 

Hatch, Samuel 

Haviland, Thomas 

Hay, Joseph 

Hayden, William 

Hayward, Ebenezer 

Healey, John P. 

Hennessey Edward 

Hildreth, Kiehard 

Hinckley, Holmes 

Hinds, Calvin P. 

Hobart, Aaron 

Hobart, Enoch 

Hobart, James T. 

Hobhs, John W. F. 

Hollis, Thomas 
j Holmes, Barzillai 

Homer, Samuel J. M. 

Hopkins, Solomon 

Hooper, Henry N. 

Haughton, Janics 

Howard, Charles 

Howard, William H. 

Howard, AVilliam P. 

Howard, Eleazer. See 
Note. 

Howe, John 

Howe, Joseph N. 

Howe, Josejih N. jr. 

Howe, William 



9 
4 
4 

11 
5 

12 
1 
9 

12 

n 



2 

5 
5 
5 
3 

r, 8 

5 

6 
12 

7 

6 
11 
10 
12 

7 
.6 

8 
11 

8 
11 

5 

7 
11 

2 
II 
10 
10 

1 

4 
II 
12 

1 



12 

12 

G 

4 



206 



INDEX. 



Howes, Willis 
Hudson, Thomas 
Hunting, Thomas 
Hutchins, Ezra C. 
Hall, Samuel W. 
Hillard, George S. 
Harris, Samuel 
Hayward, James 
Haven, Calvin W. 
Holden, Joel M. 
Hovey, James G. 



Jackson, Eben 
Jaekson, Francis 
Jackson, Patrick T. 
James, Benjamin 
James, John W. 
Jenkins, Joshua 
Jenkins, Solon 
Jewett, Darwin E. 
Johnson, Caleb S. 
Johnson, Ebenezer 
Johnson, George W. 
Jones, Eliphalet 
Jones, George S. 
Jones, Josiah M. 
Jones, f^amuel 
Jones, Isaac 
Jones, Thomas 
Josselyn, Lewis 
Jewell, Harvey 
Jones, Peter C. 

K 
Keith, Eobert 
Kelly, Daniel D. 
Kendall, Ezekiel 
Kendall, Thomas 
Kendall, Timothy C. 
Kent, Henry S. 
Kent, William V. 
Kimball, Benjamin 
Kimball, Daniel 
Kimball, Moses 
Kimball, Otis 
Kinsman, H. W. 



Lamb, Thomas 
Lamson, Benjamin 
Lane, George 
Lawrence, Abbott 
Learnard, William H. 
Leavens, Simon D. 
Leavitt, Joseph M. 
Leeds, Henry 
Leeds, bamuel 
Leighton, Charles 
Lerow, Lewis 
Lewis, Asa 
Lewis, George W. 
Lewis, Joseph W. 
Lewis, Wiuslow 



12 Lewis, Winslow, jr. 

1 Libby, J. G. L. 
12 Lincoln, Ezra 

7 Lincoln, Hawkes 
4 Lincoln, Henry 

6 Lincoln, Jared 
8 (Lincoln, Levi R. 

8 Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 

11 Lincoln, Noah, jr. 
1 Little, William, jr. 
1 Lodge, Giles ^ 

Loring, Caleb G. 
Loring, Jonathan 

12 Loring, Perez 
12 Lovell, Michael 

7 1 Lovcjoy, Reuben 
12 Lovejoy, William R. 
2, 4 , Lowell, John, jr. 
12 Littlehale, Sargent S. 
12 Lawrence, S. Abbott 
4 Lawrence, James 



10 
1 
6 
9 
6,4 
6 
3 



Noyes, George N. 
Noyes, Nicholas 
Nurse, Gilbert 



O 

Odin, John, jr. 

Oliver, Francis J. 
10 [Oliver, Henry J. 
1 I Olney, Stephen W. 
12 ' Orne, Henry 
11 Orrok, James L. P. 

Otis, George W. 

Otis, George W. jr. 

Ober, John P. 

Oliver, Samuel P. 



Loud, Andrew J. 
M 



Mahan, Benjamin F, 
Mann, Nehemiah P. 
Marrett, Philip 
3 ' Marsh, Robert 
12 Martin, Israel 
12 1 Marvin, Theophilus E 
2 Maynard, Jesse 
5,4 Mayo, Charles 
9 Mayo, Watson G. 
McAllaster, James 
McLellan, George W. 

1 McLellan, Isaac, jr. 

2 Means, James 

5 Merriam, Edward P. 
5 Merriam, Levi 
1, 3 Messenger, Daniel 

2 Messenger, Geoi'ge W. 
5 Milton, Ephraim 

3 Minns, Thomas 

10 Manning, Francis C. 
10 Minot, Albert T. 

10 Moody, David 

11 Morey, George, jr. 
Morse, Elijah 
Moseley, David C. 
Motley, Thomas 
Moulton, Thomas 

5 Mullin, John R. 

7 Munroe, James 

1 Munroe, Abel B. 

7 Merriam, Joseph W. 

2 

1 N 

12 Nazro, John G. 

5 Nevers, Benjamin M. 
1 Ncwcomb, Norton 
4 'Newell, Joseph R. 
4:Nicolson, Samuel 
e^Norcross, Loring 
lllNottage, Samuel C. 



Palmer, Julius A. 

Page, Edward 
Page, George 
Page, Thaddeus 
Paine, R. T. 
Palfrey, William 
Park, John C. 
Parks, Luther 
12 Parker, Amos B. 
7, 11 1 Parker, Benjamin 
3 i Parker, Isaac 
10 j Parker, John B. 
7 Parker, William 



12 

12 

1 



9 
6, 10 
1 
2 
2 

5 

5 

1 

, 1 



3 

4 

12 

1, 2 

11 

1 

5 

6 

3 

6 

7 



10 



.5 

10 Parker, William 10 

11 Parker, Charles H. 6 
2 Parkman, William I 

. 5 Parmelee, Asaph 11 

1 1 Parrott, William W. 8 

9 1 Peabody, Augustus 7 

4, 7|Peabody, 0. W. B. 9 

5;Penniman Scaramell 2 

9 Perkins, James 8 

10 Perkins, John S. 5 

4 Perkins, Samuel 4 
2; Perkins, Samuel S. 12 
8 IPerrin, Payson H 

8 Phelps Abel 4,5 

11 Phillips, George W. 10 

6 Phillips, JohnL. 11 
11 Phillips, Thomas W. 7 

7 Pickman, Benjamin T. 7 
10 Pierce, Josiah 10 

6 Piper, Solomon 10 
2 Plympton, Henry 5 

10 Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 
2 Plummer, Farnham 7 
1 Pollard, Abner W. 2 

9 Pope, Thomas B. 4 
Porter. Jonathan 6 
Pratt, Eleazer 1 

11 Pray, Lewis G. 5 
1 1 Prescott, Edward G. 9 

1 Prescott, William 9 

8 Preston, Jonathan 9,10 

7 Pritchard, Gilnian 11 

5 Prince, Hezekiah 10 
1 Proctor. John 1 2 



INDEX. 



207 



Prouty, Joel 6 

Pope, William 11 

Putnam, John P. 6 

Q 

Quincy, Josiah, jr. 4 

n 

Raymond, Freeborn F. 2 
Paymond, Timelier Iv. 2 

Eaymond, Zebina L. 1 

Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J. 4 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Alexander H. 1 1 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, Israel C. 5 

Rice, John P. 10 
Richards, Francis 10, 9 

Richards, Joel 10 

Richardson, Bill 11 

Richardson, Jeffrey 8 

Richardson, James B. 8 

Richardson, Bcnj. P. 8 

Robbins, Edward H. 9 

Roby, Dexter 3 

Roberts, Joseph D. 5 

Roberts, John G. 11 

Robinson, Simon W. 1 

Rogers, Charles O. 8 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 

Russell, Benjamin 8 

Russell, Benjamin F. 2 

Russell, John B, 9 

S. 
Sampson, Geo. R. 10 5 

Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn, Greenleaf C. 11 

Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius III. See 

Note. 
Savage, George 11, 12 
Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 

Seaver, Joshua, jr. 6 

Seaver, Norman 9 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 
Shattuck, Lemuel 10,11 

Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shaw, Robert G. 4 

Shelton, Thomas J. 8 
Shelton, Stephen 9, 10 

Shipley, Simon G. 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simmons, Hiram 6 

Simonds, Alvan 12 



Simonds, Jonathan 
Simonds, AVilliam 
Sladc, John, jr. 
Sloan, Samuel W. 
Smith, George W. 
Smith, Joseph 
Sever, James W. 
Snclling, Enoch H. 
Snclling, John 
Snow, Asa B. 
Snow, Ephraim L. 
Spear, William T. 
Spinney, Samuel R 
Spooner, William B 
Spraguc, C. 10, 
Sprague, Thomas 
Sprague, William 
Starbuck, Charles C 
Stearns, Jacob 
Stearns, (Charles H. 
Stearns, Elijah 
Stebbins, John B. 
Stedman, Josiah 
Stetson, Alpheus 
Stevens, Benjamin 
Stevens, Isaac 
Stevens, John 
Stevens, John 
Stevens, Seriah 
Stimpson, Frederick 
Stodder, Joseph 
Stodder, J. W. T. 
Stone, Artemas 
Stone, Joseph 
Stover, Theophilus 
Stowe, Freeman 
Sturtevant, JNoah 
Sullivan, William 
Swallow, Asa 
Sweet. Samuel 
Southard, Zibeon 



10 

5 

7 

12 

2,3 

12 

7,9 

1 

3 

3 

5 

3 

12 

4 

11, 12 

3 

3 

10 

3 

1 

1 

12 

11 

12 

12 

10 

6, 12 

11 

12 

H. 6 

2 



Tombs, Michael 1 

ToplifF, Samuel 8 

Toircy, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 

Townsend, IsaacP. 12 
Townsend, Samuel R. 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremerc, John B. 1,2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, Jolm F. 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Charles A. 1 
Turner, Job _ 1 

Turner. John 2 

Turner^ Otis 11 

Tuttle, Jedediah 10 

U 

Upham, Henry 6 

Upham, Phincas 10 

Urann, Richard 1 1 



9 

4 
12 

5 

6 

11 

7, 10 

4 

8 

12 



Tappan. Lewis 
Tarbell,' Silas P. 
Thacher, William S 
Thaxter, Jonathan 
Thaxter, Samuel 
Thayer, Elias B. 
Thayer, Gideon F. 
Thayer, Joel 
Thayer, Joseph H. 
Thom, Isaac 
Thomas, George F. 2 

Thomas, William 6 

Thompson, Erasmus 1 
Thompson, John 1 1 

Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 

Thompson, Thomas H. 1 
Thorndike, John H. 8 

Thurston, Caleb 12 

TiUson, John 12 

Tilton, Stephen, jr. 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 



V 
Vinson, Thomas M. 
Vose, Joshua 
Vose, Josiah 
Vose, Thomas 
Vose, Edward A. 

W 
Wakefield, Enoch H. 
Wales, Thomas B. 
Wales, Samuel 
Ward, Artemas 
Ward, Samuel D. 
Ward, Thomas W. 
Ware, Ephraim G. 
Ware, Horatio G. 
Warren, Daniel 
Warien, George W. 
Washburn, Cyrus 
Washburn, Calvin 
Washburn, W. R. P. 
Waters, Isaac 
Watts, Francis 0. 
Weeks, AVilliam A. 
AVellington, Alfred A 
AVelles, John 
AVells, Charles 
AVells, John B. 
Wells, Thomas 
Wetmore, Thomas 
Wheeler, Joseph 
Wheeler, Samuel, 11, 
Wheelwright, George 
White, AVarron 11, 

Whiting, James 
AA'hitney, Moses, jr. 
Whitney, AVilliam 
AAniiton" David 
AVhiton, James M. 
AVhittemorc, George 



12 
11 
11 
11 
1 

3 

10 
10 
3 
7 
7 
12 
5 
5 
8 
2 
5 
4 
6 



4 
9 
1 

1,2 
3 
7 
1 

, 12 
5 
12 
3 
9 
9 



208 



INDEX. 



Whittemore, James F. 12 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkius, John H. 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 

Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 

Williams, Horace 6, 7 



Williams, Moses 
Williams, Samuel K. 
Willis, Benjamin 
Willis, Clement 
Willis, Horatio M. 
Wilson, George 
Winslow, Isaac 
Winter, Francis B. 
Winthrop, G. T. 
Wood, Amos 
Wood, Benjamin, 2d 



12 



Woodman, Charles T 1 
Woodman, George 10 

Wright, James 12 

Wright, John M. 5, 8 

Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, Winslow 5 

Wyman, Abraham G. 5 



Yeaton, Benjamin 



10 



INDEX. 



A 

Accountability, &c., - . - . 18 

Adjournments, - - - - 98, 105 

Aldermen, names and residences, - 107 

Vacancies in, - - . - 8, 9 

No choice of, - - - - 8 

Standing Committees of, - 95 

Chairman of, - - - - 8 

Appropriations, 

Additions to, - . - - 94 

Transfers of, - ... 95 

Amendments of motion, ... 98 

of (iuestions, - . _ - 98 

of Rules and Orders, - - 102 

Appeal to Council, . ... 97 

Accounts, Committee on, . - . 110 

County, Committee on, - - 113 

Armories, - . - . _ 37, 113 

Assessors, duties of, - - - - 29 

Assessors' Department, Committee 

on, 110, 114 

Assessors, and how chosen, &c., - - 15 

Assistant, . _ . . 114 

Auditor of Accounts, . . _ _ 128 

Assay Master, - - - _. 130 

Advertising, &c., - . - . . 127 

B 

By-Laws, titles to, - ... 94 

Ballot, election by, - . . _ 104 
Buildings, Public, 

Committee on, . - • - m 

Superintendent of, - - - 124 

Ordinance, . - _ 86, 87 
Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 

Boston Harbor, Committee on, - - 111 

Bridges, Committee on, - - 113, 114 

Superintendents of, - - . 114 

Bells and Cloclis, Committee on, - - 113 

Board of Accounts, . . _ . 131 

Bark, &c., Measurers of- - . . 130 

Boats, &c.. Weighers of, - _ . 130 

Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, - - . 130 

Ballast, Inspectors of, - - - . 130 

Business, Order of, - . . .. 101 

Boston, City of, Act concerning, . . 32 

Bowling Alleys, &c., - ... 41 

Bills, Placards, &c., - ... 84 



C 

Cochituate Water Board, . _ _ jog 
Committees, ...... 3 

not to act separately, - - 9(i 
Joint records and reports of, - 91! 
time allowed for reporting, - 96 
powers and duties, - . -103 
Conference, - - - . 94 
Joint Standing, - - - 91^ no 
number of Members, _ _ 91 
how appointed, ... 93 

27 



Committees, 

not to purchase, &c., - - 59 

nut to approve certain bills, - 96 

of the Whole, - - . . 97 

Standing, how appointed, 91, 103 

when not to sit, ... 103 

Chairman of, - - _. 93 

chosen by ballot, - - . 91 

Chairman of, pro tem., - - 93 

Special, - - _ _ . 93 

Notice of meetings, - - - 104 

when to report, - . _ gg 

of Board of Aldermen, - . 110 

Claims, ----.__ 93 

Committee on, - - - _ no 

Chairman of Committees, - - - 93 

not to approve certain bills, - 96 

of Board of Aldermen, - - 8 

City Charter, ---.__ 3 

City Debt, amount of, - - - . 159 

vote to increase, ... 95 

Committee on, - - - . 93 

Communications, &c., - . . _ io2 

Clerk of Council, duties, - - _ io4 

Coaches, Superintendent of, - - - 125 

City Officers, times of choice, - - 162 

not to sell, &c., - - . 52 

City Council, powers of. - - 14, 15, 16 

may hold other offices, - - 24 

rules of, - - - - . 91 

City Physician, ----- 120 

Common Council, members of, - - 108 

how chosen, - _ _ _ 9 

rules of, - - _ _ _ 97 

vacancies in, - _ . _ 9 

clerk of, - - - . 12, 109 

City Council, former members, - - 1G7 

Cemeteries, Committee on. - - - 113 

Coroners, - - _ ' _ _ . 131 

Conferences, --..._ 94 

Contracts, ---... 52 

Contractors, Committees not to be, - 52 

City Clerk, Salary, &c., - - 11, 109 

County Accounts, Committee on, - - 113 

Buildings, - - ... 33 

Commissioners, . _ . 14 

Officers, - - - . . 130 

Common, &c., Committee on, - - lio 

Superintendent of, - - - 124 

Constables, - - . _ . 04 126 

Clocks, &c.. Committee on, - - - ' 110 

Court House, Keeper of, - . . 131 

Cullers of Fish, - .... 130 

Hoops, &c., - ... 130 

City Crier, --.... 130 

Charitable Institutions, - - - - 130 

Consulting Phvsicians, - - - . 120 

Chief of Police, - - - - 71 125 



D 



Debt, City, 

increase of, 
reduction of 



159 
95 
93 



INDEX. 



Debt, City Committee on, ... 93 

Deatlis, registry of - - - - 120 

Division of Questions, . . - lOl 

Decorum of Members, - - - 99 

Doubted Votes, . - - - 97, 101 

Dogs, -.....- 73 

Disagreement of two Boards, - - 94 

Deputy Collectors, . - - - 128 

E 



Excuses for not voting, 


- 


- 


100 


Enrolment of Ordinances, Com. 


on, 


92 


m 


Expeniitures, orders for, 


. 


94 


104 


Eleciions by ballot. 


. 


- 


104 


Returns, _ - - 


_ 


. 


30 


of City Officers, Times, 


. 


. 


162 


ComiTimittee on 


. 


- 


112 


External Healtli, Committee on, 




. 


113 


Engines, officers and members, 


- 


- 


115 


Engineer, City, 


- 


- 


128 


Assistant do. 


_ 


. 


128 


Engineers, pay, &c. 


_ 


. 


115 


Estates, valuation of, 


- 


- 


159 



Fuel, Committee on, . - . - 110 

Finance, Committee on, - - 93,110 

Furnaces, &c., do - - - - - 110 

Faneuil Hall Market, - - - -62,64 

Superintendent of, (vide Market) 124 

Fire Department, ----- 115 

Committee on, - - - 113 

Officers of, . - - - 115 

Ordinance, - - - 52. 74, 89 

Fire Alarms, - - - - 93, 116 

Committee, - - - - 110 

Fireworks, - . _ . - 36 

Fence Viewers, ----- 130 

Field Drivers, ----- 130 

Further time to report, - _ _ 104 

Fish, Cullers of, - - - - - 130 

Funeral Undertakers, _ _ _ 121 



General Meetings, 
Government, City 



G 



H 



Harbor of Boston, Committee on, 

Act, 

Master, - - - 

regulations. 
House of Correction, 

Overseers, &c. of. 

Reformation, 

Industry, &c., 

Master, duties of, 
Hard Lumber, Surveyors of, 
Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of 
Health Department, 

Board of, 

Ordinance, - - , 
Hay Weighers, - _ . 
Hay, Inspection of. 
Highways, Surveyors of 
Hoops and Staves, Cullers, 



Internal Health, Committee on, - 
Industry, House of, - -. . 
Instruction, Public, Committee on, 



21 
107 



- Ill 

42 
119 

■ 119 

28 
122 

• 122 

• 121 

36 

■ 130 

■ 122 

• 120 

17 

■ 83, 87 

130 

130 

14 

130 



113 
121 
111 



Inspectors of Prisons, - _ - 131 

Interment of Dead, - _ _ - 120 

Indefinite Postponement, - - - 98 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 

Island, Committee on, - - 111 



Jail, Committee on. 
Joint Rules and Orders, 
Joint Standing Committees, 
how composed, 
records to be kept, 
Chairman of, 
reports of 
Jailor, Deputy, 
Justices, Police Court, 



Laws, recent _ _ _ 
Lunatic Hospital, Act, 

Ordinance, 

Visitors, 
Laying on the Table, 
Licenses, - - - 

Committee on, 
Lands, Public, Committee on. 

Superintendent of. 

Ordinance, 

Commissioners, 
Lamps, number of, &c., 

Committee on, 

Superintendent of. 
Lumber, Survey of, 

Surveyors of. 
Lighters, - _ . _ 

Lime, Inspectors of. 
Leather, Measurer of. 
Library, Public, Committee on, 

Statute, 

Ordinance, 

Trustees, 

Librarian, 

M 



113 
91 

110 
92 
95 
93 
97 

131 

131 



24 

28 

-* 61 

- 122 

98 
13 

- 113 

- Ill 

- 124 

79 

- 124 
. 123 

- 113 

- 123 

64 

- 129 
76,86 

- 130 

- 130 

- 112 

27 

72 

. 124 

■ 124 



Marble, Act concerning, - - _ 25 

Motions to be in writing, - - - 101 

vv'ithdrawn, - - - - 98 

Blembers, rights and duties of, - - 98 

Members, not to speak more than twice, 99 

not to stand up, - - . 99 

not to be interrupted, - - 99 

not to be on more than two Com- 

• niittees, - - - _ 100 

not to be named, - - - 102 

all to vote, - ... 100 

two or more rising, - - 99 

interested, ... - 100 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - - 11, 108 

duties. ----- 13 

messages to, - - - - 104 

Mayor, absence of, _ . - _ 7 

no choice of, - - . 6, 7, 8 

election of, - _ _ . 5 

decease of, . - - - 6 

duties of, - - - - 12 

compensation, - - . - 12 

Main question, - - - _ - 93 

Memorials, &c., ----- 102 

Market, Committee on . - - 113 

Superintendent and assistants of, 124 

Mahogany, &c.. Surveyors of, - - 129 

Municipal Court, Officers of, - - 130 

Messenger to City Council, - 71, 109 

Assistant, - - . - 109 

Meetings of Committees, notice of - 42 



INDEX. 



m 



Marriages, &c , Registry of, 
Measurers of Wood, Uaric, &c. 
Municipal Year, - - _ 
Marriage, Act concerning, 

N 

Notice to Committees, - 
Newspapers talten by City, - 
Non-concurrence, - - _ 



O 



Oaths of Office, . . . 

Order of business, - - . 

Orders, titles of, - 

to have two readings, 

Ordinances, titles of, 
reading of, 
Committee on, - 

Overseers of the Poor, - 

Oak Lumber, &c., Surveyors of. 

Order, questions of. 

Officers, election of, time, &c., 
not to sell, &c., 
National and State, - 

Orators of Boston, - - . 



104 
127 
94 



10 
K)l 

94 
104 

94 
104 
111 

17 
130 

98 
162 

52 

19 
163 



Primary Schools, - . - 
Police Department, - - _ 

Committee on, - - - 
Court, - - . - 
Day, - - - . 

and Watch, - _ _ 
Harbor, .... 
Paving, &c., Committee on, - 
Prisons, Inspectors of, - 
Physicians, Port, and City, - 

consulting, . - . 
Priority of Business, - . _ 
Pound Keepers, - - . _ 
Personal Estate, valuation of, ' - 
Population of the City, - - - 
President of tlie Council, 

Eights and duties of. 
Absence of, - - - 
Substitution of, - 
to call to order, - - - 
Previous Question, - . . 

Public Buildings, Superintendent of, 

Committee on, - - - 
Public Lands, 

Superintendent of, - 
Committee on, - - - 
squares, &c., . . - 
advertising, - - . 
Poor, Overseers of, . . - 

Personalities, - . _ . 

Postponement, . - _ - 
Petitions, &c., - - . . 

Printing, &c., Committee on. 
Public Instruction, Committee on. 
Placards, bills, &c., ... 

a 

Questions propounded, - . . 

under debate, - - - 

order of, - 
Questions, Divisions of, - 

laying on the Table, 
Quarantine Boat Captain, 



139 
26, 62, 125 

- 113 

- 131 

- 126 

40 

- 126 

- 113 

- 131 

- 120 

- 120 

- 101 

- 130 

- 159 

- 160 



97 
99 
97 
97 
10 

- 124 

- Ill 

- 124 

- Ill 

74 

- 127 
17, 123 
99, 102 

98 

- 102 
112, 127 

- Ill 

84 



Rules and Orders, 

(Uimumn Council, 

Huapension of 

repeal or amendment of, 

breach of - 
Reduction of City Debt, 

Committee on, - 
Resolves, what are. 
Representatives, 

number of determined. 
Records of Committees, 
Reports, Clerks to make copies, 

to be in writing. 

Joint 

agreed to by Committee, 

time allowed, . 
Reconsideration, 
Reading of papers, 
Real E.statc, valuation of. 
Reference of questions. 
Recommitment, 
Reformation. House of. 
Registrar, City 

Water, 
Registry of I'.irlhs, Sec, 
Register of Deeds, 



S 



R 



Rules and Orders, 
Joint, 



98 
98 
98 
13 
98 
120 



91,97 
91 



Standing Committees, Joint 
Members of. 
Chairman of. 
Meetings, how called, 
of Mayor and Aldermen, 
to keep records, 
Sums, and times, votes on, . 
Suspension of Rules, &c., . 
Striking out, 

Seats of Members, . '. 

Special Committees, 
Sewers and Drains, 

Committee on. 
Superintendent of. 
Salaried Officers, how chosen. 
Solicitor, City 
Steam Engines, 

Committee on, . 
Streets and Ways, Committee on 
(Jrdinance, 
how laid out. 
Superintendent of, . 
Surveyors of Highways, 
Staves, &c., cullers of, &c., . 
Seal of City, 
Sheriffs, &c.. 
Substitution of President, 
Sealers of Weights and Measure 
State Prison, water for. 

Schools, 

Committee, 
Vacancies, 
Instructors, 
Primary, . 
Expenses of. 
Superintendent, 
Attendance at. 
Stables Sec, erection of, 



18. 



- 97 

- 102 

- 102 

- 100 

- no 

94 

18 

96 

96 

96 

96 

96, 103 

96 

100 

102 

159 

101 

101 

122 

120 

128 

120 

17 



91, HO 

110 

93 

104 

110 

96 

98 

102 

101 

102 

103 

113 

127 

104 

127 

29,32 

113 

113 

85,87 

33 

128 

I, 128 

130 



Transfers of Appropriations, 
Times and sums, votes on 

Taxes, 

Treasurer, .... 
Treasury Department, . 

Committee on. 
Titles to ordinances, &c.. 
Trucks, &c., Superintendent of. 
Two-thirds vote. 



, 15, 35, 
17, 



22 
131 

97 
130 

35 

134 

,132 

37 
134 
139 
160 
132 

31 

41 



95 
98 
156 
128 
128 
112 
94 
125 
102 



IV 



INDEX. 



Two-thirds vote, 

members rising, 
readings, . 



Truants, 



Officers for, 



34,40,85, 



Undertakers, .... 
Upper Leather, Measurer of, . 



Votes, one-fifth, 

two-thirds, 

how transmitted, 

doubted, 

of all required, . 
Voters, qualified, 
Violation of Rules and Orders, 
Vacancies in School Committee, 

in Ward Offices, . 



99 

102 

,127 

127 



121 

108 



. 102 
20 

97, 101 

. 100 
10,20 

. 100 
37 
26 



W 



Water Department, 
Registrar, , 



128 
128 



Water Department, 

Committee on, . 

Act, . 

Ordinance, 

Rates, 
Ward Officers, 

Officers, duties of. 

Meetings, . 

Vacancies,. 

Rooms, 
Warden, power and duties. 
Wards, Boundaries, 

Officers, attending. 
Widening streets. Committee 
Watch Department, 
Watch and Police, 

Committee on, . 
Wood, &c., Measurers of, 
Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of. 
Withdrawing motions, . 
Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 
Weighers and Measurers, 



112 

25 

61 

46, 51, 73, 87, 90 

42, 150 

21 

21 

26 

155 

4,5 

153 

126 

110 

129 

113 

130 



125 
130 



on. 



Yeas and Nays, 



L