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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

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MUNICIPAL REGISTER: 



CONTAINING THE 



CITY CHARTER AND RECENT ORDINANCES, 
RULES AND ORDERS 

OP THE 

CITY COUNCIL, 

AND A 

list of % (Mem of % dt% of loator, 

FOR THE YEAR 
1855. 



PUBLIC 

' BOSf*ON: 
1855. " 

J. H. EASTBUEN, CITY PRINTER. 



EXILES AND ORDERS 



BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 



Section 1. The Chairman of the Board in the ab- 
sence of the Mayor shall take the chair at the hour to 
which the Board shall have adjourned, and shall call 
the members to order, and a quorum being present, shall 
cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be read ; 
and in the absence of the Mayor and Chairman, the 
senior member present shall preside as chairman pro 
tempore. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Board, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the Chairman shall cause a 
return of the members voting in the affirmative, and in 
the negative, without debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He may read sitting, but shall rise to state 
a motion or put a question to the Board. 



4 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 5. When the Chairman shall desire to vacate 
the chair, to speak to a question, he shall appoint the 
member who shall take the chair, and he may, at any 
other time, call any member to the chair, but such 
substitution shall not continue beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 6. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the Chairman shall take the sense of the Board by yeas 
and nays, provided any member shall so require. 

Sect. 7. The Chairman shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the sub- 
sequent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 8. After a motion is stated or read by the 
Chairman, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Board, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 9. When a question is under debate, the 
Chairman shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, to postpone to a day certain, to com- 
mit, to amend, or to postpone indefinitely ; which sev- 
eral motions shall have precedence in the order in 
which they stand arranged ; and a motion to strike 
out the enacting clause of an Ordinance shall be equiv- 
alent to a motion to postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 10. The Chairman shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order except on an immediate rep- 
etition ; and that motion, and the motion to lay on the 
table, or to take up from the table, shall be decided 
without debate. 

Sect. 11. When a vote has passed, it shall be in or- 
der for any member to move a reconsideration thereof, 
at the same or the succeeding meeting, but not after- 



Mules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 5 

ward, except upon papers returned from the Mayor ; 
and when a motion for reconsideration is decided, that 
vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 12. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the Chair ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities ; and shall resume his seat when he has fin- 
ished. No member shall speak out of his place, with- 
out leave of the Chairman. 

Sect. 13. No member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to a call to order. 

Sect. 14. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 15. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board for special reasons, 
shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any 
question, must be made before the Board is divided, or 
before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such ap- 
plication shall be accompanied by a brief statement of 
the reasons, and shall be decided on without debate. 

Sect. 16. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chairman shall so direct. 

Sect. 17. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; 
but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 18. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 



6 Eules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 19. Motions and Reports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Board. 

Sect. 20. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Chair- 
man, shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 21. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 22. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the following order : — 

1st. To a Standing Committee of the Board; 

2d. To a Select Committee of the Board ; 

3d. To a Joint Standing Committee ; 

4th. To a Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 23. The following Standing Committees of 
the Board to consist of three members each, shall be 
appointed by the Chairman : — 

Committee on Armories and Military Affairs — Bridges 
— Cemeteries — Common and Public Squares — County 
Accounts — Fire Department — Faneuil Hall (to be com- 
posed of the Committee on Public Buildings on the 
part of this Board) — External Health — Internal Health 
— Lamps, Bells, and Clocks — Laying out and widen- 
ing Streets — Licenses — Jail — Market — Paving and Re- 
pairs of Streets — Sewers and Drains — Steam Engines 
and Furnaces. All other Committees unless otherwise 
provided for or specially directed by the Board shall 
be appointed by the Chairman or the Chairman pro 
tempore. 

Sect. 24. At every regular meeting of the Board 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Communications from His Honor the Mayor. 

2. Presentation of petitions, memorials and remon- 
strances. 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 7 

3. Papers from the Common Council. 

4. Reports of City Officers. 

5. Reports of Committees. 

6. Motions, orders and resolutions. 

And the above order of business shall not be depart- 
ed from but by the votes of a majority of the members 
of the Board present. 

Sect. 25. Each Committee elected on the part of 
this Board shall organize at its first meeting by the 
choice of a Chairman, and shall report the same to this 
Board, and in all cases where the Chairman appoints a 
Committee unless otherwise provided for, the member 
first named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the 
member next in order, who shall be present, shall be 
Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 26. Committees of the Board, , to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Sect. 27. The foregoing rules shall not be altered, 
amended, suspended or repealed at any time except by 
the vote of two-thirds of the members of the Board 
present at the time. 



JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL. 



EEEATA. 

On page 9, line 11, (Committee on Public Lands) — strike out 
" three" and insert " four." 
line 12, strike out " five" and insert " eight." 
On page 10, line 11, (Committee on Printing) — strike out 
" two" and insert " one." 
line 12, strike out " three" and insert " two." 



riTC racmuers oi me uommon Council. 

And the following committees shall be appointed, 
viz :■ — 

A committee on Public Lands, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Buildings, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Instruction, to consist of 
three Aldermen, and the President and four members 
of the Common Council. 

A committee on Institutions at South Boston and 
Deer Island, to consist of three Aldermen and seven 
members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Fuel, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council. 



JOINT EULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
Year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall 
be chosen by ballot : viz. — 

A committee on Finance, to consist of the Mayor, 
the Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, and seven 
members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Accounts, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

And the following committees shall be appointed, 
viz : — 

A committee on Public Lands, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Buildings, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Instruction, to consist of 
three Aldermen, and the President and four members 
of the Common Council. 

A committee on Institutions at South Boston and 
Deer Island, to consist of three Aldermen and seven 
members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Fuel, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council. 



10 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

A committee on Water, to consist of three Aldermen 
and rive members of the Common Council. 

A committee on the Treasury Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Assessors' Department, to con- 
sist of two Aldermen and three members of the Com- 
mon Council. 

A committee on the Harbor, to consist of two Alder- 
men and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Printing, to consist of two Alder- 
men and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Library, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Ordinances, to consist of three Al- 
dermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on Claims, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council, who 
shall have full power and authority to investigate all 
claims against the City, and to take any measures for 
the defence of such claims that they may deem expe- 
dient, and also under the advice of the Mayor to adjust 
and settle all claims not exceeding the sum of $500. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the 
part of the Common Council, shall, according to the 
ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Eeduction 
of the City Debt. 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 11 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his 
resignation or inability, the other members of the same 
Board, in the order in which they are named, and after 
them, the member of the Common Council, first in 
order, shall call meetings of the Committee and act as 
Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either 
shall choose, the reasons of their respective Boards, for 
and against the matter in controversy, confer freely 
thereon, and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non- concurrence 
shall be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall 
adjourn. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed " Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Com- 
mon Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of Com- 
mand, the form of expression shall be " Ordered ; " and 
whenever either or both branches express opinions, 



12 Joint Rales and Orders of the City Council 

principles, facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, the specific appropriations for the several objects 
enumerated in the general appropriation bill shall be 
deemed and taken to be the maximum amount to be 
expended by the several Committees having the charge 
thereof for the entire financial year, and shall be ex- 
pended with a proper regard thereto ; and after the 
annual order of appropriations shall have been passed, 
no subsequent expenditures shall be authorized for any 
object, unless provisions for the same shall be made by 
special transfer from some of the appropriations con- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt ; in which cases the order shall 
not be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole number of 
each branch of the City Council shall vote in the af- 
firmative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriations specially 
made therefor, or whenever any committee shall have 
expended the sum specially appropriated for their use, 
in the order of appropriation for the year, and in either 
case shall require a further sum ; it shall be the duty 
of such Committee having such matter in charge, to 
submit the fact to the City Council for instructions, 
accompanied with a detailed statement in print of the 
cause or causes which have created the necessity for 
such application, and the object for which the same is 
needed. And no contract shall be made, or expen- 
diture authorized in either case, unless by a specific 
vote of the City Council first making the necessary 
provision for the payment resulting therefrom, and no 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 13 

debt shall be created, or transfer from one specific ap- 
propriation to another be made, until such report or 
statement shall have been submitted to the City Coun- 
cil, by the Committee requiring the same. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided 
by the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act 
by separate consultations, and no report shall be re- 
ceived, unless agreed to in Committee actually assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, 
to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on the 
reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the Com- 
mittee of either branch. All reports shall be signed by 
the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairman thereof. 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall audit 
or approve any bill or account against the City, for any 
supplies or services, which shall not have been ordered 
or authorized by the Committee. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Powers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precise- 
ly at the hour to which the Council shall have ad- 
journed; shall call the members to order; and on the 
appearance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the pre- 
ceding meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a re- 
turn of the members voting in the affirmative, and in 
the negative, without further debate on the question. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall 



16 Rules and Orders of the Common Council ' 

appoint the member who shall take the chair. The 
President may at any other time, call any member to 
the chair, but such substitution shall not continue be- 
yond an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pre- 
sent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the sub- 
sequent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely ; which several motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in which they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone in- 
definitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order; and that motion, and the 
motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. Pie shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question be now put? " 
and all debate upon the main question shall be suspend- 



Mules and Orders of the Common Council. 17 



ed until the previous question shall be decided. After 
the adoption of the previous question, the sense of the 
Council shall forthwith be taken upon amendments re- 
ported by a Committee, upon all pending amendments 
and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member 
shall speak more than once without leave ;* and all in- 
cidental questions of order, arising after a motion is 
made for the previous question, shall be decided with- 
out debate, except on an appeal ; and on such an ap- 
peal, no member shall be allowed to speak more than 
once without leave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or specially directed by the Council. 

Mights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President pro tempore shall be chosen 
by ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the President ; shall con- 
fine himself to the question under debate, and avoid 
personalities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. 
No member shall speak out of his place, without leave 
of the President. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising up to call to order. 



18 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 



Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtaining leave of the 
Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member who voted in the majority, to 
move a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the suc- 
ceeding meeting, but not afterwards ; and when a mo- 
tion for reconsideration is decided, that vote shall not 
be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman 
of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand 
up to the interruption of another, while any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Presi- 
dent and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, pe required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not 
be allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, 
till he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on 
any question, must be made before the Council is divid- 
ed, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such 



Hales and Orders of the Common Council. 19 

application shall be accompanied by a brief statement 
of the reasons, and shall be decided on without debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible; 
but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not pre- 
clude amendment or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and reports may be committed 
or recommitted at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows :■ — 

1. Papers from the Board of Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers, 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 



20 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of mem- 
bers, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; and 
each member shall be entitled, for the year, to the seat 
bearing the number so drawn against his name ; and 
shall not change it except by permission of the Presi- 
dent. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds of 
the members present consent thereto. 

Petitions, Memorials, &c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his 
place, and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or 
such other person as the President may request ; and 
shall be taken up in the order in which they are pre- 
sented, except when the Council shall otherwise deter- 
mine ; provided, that the reading of petitions, memori- 



Hides and Orders of the Common Council. 21 

als, remonstrances, and papers of a like nature, shall in 
all instances be dispensed with, unless specially ordered 
by the Council. 

Powers and Duties of Committees, &c. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, 
shall be observed in Committee of the "Whole, so far as 
they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak, has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Returns shall be appointed at the commencement of 
the municipal year, and shall consist of five members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the ses- 
sions of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, 
shall be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by 
the direction of the President; they shall organize at 
their first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and 
shall report the same to the Council ; and members on 
the part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 
aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meet- 
ing, and report to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the mem- 
ber next in order, who shall be present, shall be Chair- 
man pro tempore. 



22 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be 
entitled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee 
assembled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees to keep a record of their doings, in books pro- 
vided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances, Orders, &c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 
and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day : provided, 
however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 
to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the City. 

Elections, &c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks and ballots for in- 
eligible persons shall be reported, but shall not be 
counted in the returns. 



Mules and Orders of the Common Council 23 



Sect. 50. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Cleric, &c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such 
orders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 
otherwise, — shall notice Reports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, — and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up 
all messages to the Board of Aldermen, and send them 
by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings of 
Committees of the Council, and make their records 
when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 



THE CITY CHARTER. 



Section 1. The inhabitants of the City of Boston, °3™ te 

«/ / powers, 

( for all the purposes, for which towns and cities are by 182 M">»$i« 
law incorporated in this Commonwealth, shall continue 
to be one body politic in fact and in name, under the 
style and denomination of the City of Boston, and, as 
such, shall have, exercise and enjoy, all the rights, 
immunities, powers, and privileges, and shall be subject 
to all the duties and obligations now incumbent upon 
and appertaining to said city as a municipal corpora- 
tion. 

Sect. 2. The administration of all the fiscal, pru- Cit y G °vem- 

7 x ment. 

dential, and municipal concerns of said city, with the 1821 > 110 > $ *• 
conduct and government thereof, shall be vested in one 
principal officer, to be styled the Mayor, one council of 
twelve persons, to be called the Board of Aldermen, 
and one council of forty-eight persons, to be called the 
Common Council, which boards, in their joint capacity, 
shall be denominated the City Council, and also in such 
other boards of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the City Council, Division into 

• ^ n/) . . twelve wards. 

and they are empowered during the year 1860, and 1821, no, § 2 
whenever thereafterwards they may deem it expedient, i8&'i| \eil 
not oftener than once in ten years, to cause a new divis^ 
ion of the city to be made into twelve wards, in such 
manner as to include an equal number of voters in each 
ward, as nearly as conveniently may be, consistently 
with well-defined limits to each ward ; and until such 
division be made, the boundary lines of the wards shall 
remain as now established. 



26 



Annual meeting 
for the election 
of city officers. 



1854, ch. 39. 



Certificates of 
election to be 
furnished. 



Commencement 

of municipal 

year. 

1824, 49, § 2. 



Election of ward 
officers. 



Ward officers to 
be sworn. 
1821, 110, §3. 



Sect. 4. The annual meeting of citizens for the 
election of municipal officers hereinafter mentioned, 
shall be held on the second Monday of December, and 
the citizens of said city, qualified to vote in city aifairs, 
shall, for the purpose of such election, then meet to- 
gether "within the wards in which they respectively 
reside at such hour and place as the Board of Alder- 
men may by their warrant direct and appoint, and the 
person receiving the highest number of votes for any 
office shall be deemed and declared to be elected to 
such office ; and whenever two or more persons are to 
be elected to the same office, the several persons, to the 
number required to be chosen, having the highest num- 
ber of votes shall be declared elected. 

Sect. 5. Every person so chosen .in any ward, 
shall within forty-eight hours of his election, be fur- 
nished by the clerk with a certificate thereof, signed by 
the warden, clerk, and a majority of the inspectors, 
which certificate shall be presumptive evidence of the 
title of such person to the office therein mentioned. 

Sect. 6. The municipal officers to be chosen at the 
annual election, shall enter upon the duties of their 
respective offices on the first Monday of January. 

Sect. 7. The qualified voters of said city shall, at 
the annual meeting, choose by ballot, one warden and 
one clerk and five inspectors of elections for each ward, 
who shall be resident in said ward, and who shall hold 
their offices for one year, and until others shall be 
chosen and qualified in their stead. 

Sect. 8. The ward officers mentioned in the pre- 
ceding section, shall respectively make oath faithfully 
and impartially to discharge their several duties, which 
oath may be administered by the clerk of such ward to 
the warden, and by the latter to the clerk and inspect- 
ors, or to all of said officers by any justice of the peace 
for the county of Suffolk ; and a certificate thereof shall 
be entered in the record to be kept by the clerk of the 
ward. 



27 



Sect. 9. In case of the non-election' of any ward Non-eiection of 

. ill wal 'd officers. 

officer at the annual meeting, adjournments may be had 
for the purpose of effecting such election, in the same 
manner as is hereinafter provided with regard to the 
election of members of the common council. 

Sect. 10. In case of the absence of any ward offi- fffic e e "s. eofward 
cer at any ward meeting, such officer maybe chosen ^45' 217' la 
pro tempore by hand vote, and shall have all the pow- 
ers and be subject to all the duties of the regular 
officer at such meeting. 

Sect. 11. It shall be the duty of the warden to Power and dut y 

" of warden. 

preside at all ward meetings, with the powers of mod- Jos - ™^- 
erators of town meetings. In case of his absence, the 
clerk, and in case of the absence of the clerk, any 
inspector shall preside according to seniority, until a 
warden shall be chosen as provided in the preceding 
section. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the clerk to make Duties of ward 

" clerk. 

a fair and true record and to keep an exact journal of 1821,110, $3. 
all the acts and votes of citizens at the ward meetings, 
and to deliver over such records and journals, together 
with other documents and papers held by him in his 
said capacity, to his successor in office. 

Sect. 13. It shall be the duty of the warden and JJdfajSSS 1 * 
inspectors of each ward to receive, sort, and count, and 182: ' 110 ' § 3 - 
of the warden to declare, all votes at any election with- 
in such ward. 

Sect. 14. It shall be the duty of all ward officers Duties of ward 
authorized to preside and act at elections of city officers elections. 
to attend and perform their respective duties, at the ' ' 
times and places appointed for elections of any officers, 
whether of the United States, State, city, or wards, and 
to make and sign the regular returns of the same. 

Sect. 15. The qualified voters of said city shall, at Election of 
the annual meeting, be called upon to give in their i82i, no, % 5. 
votes for one able and discreet person, being an inhabi- 
tant of the city, to be mayor of said city for the term 
of one year. All the ballots so given in, in each ward, 
being sorted, counted and declared, shall be recorded 



at large by the clerk in open ward meeting ; and in 
making such declaration and record the whole number 
of votes or ballots given in shall be distinctly stated, to- 
gether with the name of every person voted for, and 
the number of votes given for each person respectively ; 
such numbers to be expressed in words at length : and 
a transcript of such record, certified and authenticated 
by the warden, clerk and a majority of the inspectors 
of elections for each ward, shall forthwith be transmitted 
or delivered by such ward clerk to the clerk of the 
city. It shall be the duty of the city clerk forthwith to 
enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible abstract of 
them, as they are successively received, upon the jour- 
nal of the proceedings of the board of aldermen, or 
some other book to be kept for that purpose. 
Board of aider- Sect. 16. The board of aldermen, shall, as soon as 

men to examine • n i -n • j_i i p t i L ' 

returns of votes conveniently may be, within three days ot such election, 
i82i, no, $5. meet together and examine all the said returns, and 

1830 7 § 2. 

they shall cause the person, who may have been elected 
mayor, to be notified in writing of his election ; but if 
it shall appear by said returns that no person has been 
elected, or if the person elected shall refuse to accept 
the office, the board shall issue their warrants for a new 
election, and the same proceedings shall be had, as are 
provided in the preceding section for the choice of a 
mayor, and repeated from time to time, until a mayor 
shall be chosen, 
proceedings in Sect. 17. Whenever, on examination by the board 

case of no choice o i -t n n i r> ± • r> . 

of mayor before ot aldermen ot the returns or votes given lor mayor at 

the commence- , * , • r»ii iiiir»ii e 

ment of the mu- the meetings ot the wards holden tor the purpose of 
i83o P , a 7, y $T' electing that officer, last preceding the first Monday 
of January, in each year, no person shall appear 
to be chosen, the board of aldermen, by whom such 
examination is made, shall make a record of that 
fact, an attested copy of which record it shall be the 
duty of the city clerk to produce and read, on the first 
Monday of January, in the presence of the members re- 
turned to serve as aldermen and common councilmen ; 
and the oaths prescribed by law may be administered 



29 



to the members elect. The members of the board of 
aldermen, shall thereupon proceed to elect a chairman, 
and the common council a president, in their respective 
chambers, and being respectively organized they shall 
proceed to business in the manner hereinafter provided, 
in case of the absence of the mayor : — -and the board of 
aldermen shall forthwith issue their warrants for meet- 
ings of the citizens of the respective wards, for the 
choice of a mayor, at such time and place as they shall 
judge most convenient ; and the same proceedings shall 
be had, in all respects, as are hereinbefore directed, 
and shall be repeated from time to time, until a mayor 
shall be duly chosen. 

Sect. 18. Whenever it shall appear, by the regular Proceedings in 

1 L ' " ° case no mayor 

returns of the elections of city officers, that a mayor j-^^rdofa^ 
has not been chosen, or that a full board of aldermen d , erme " is not 

' elected. 

has not been elected, such of the board of aldermen, 1845 » 217 > § 1 - 
whether they constitute a quorum or not, as may have 
been chosen, shall issue their warrant, in the usual 
form, for the election of a mayorj or such members of 
the board of aldermen as may be necessary, and the 
same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until the 
election of a mayor and aldermen shall be completed, 
and all vacancies shall be filled in the said board ; and 
in case neither a mayor nor any alderman shall be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, and after 
the powers of the former mayor and aldermen shall 
have ceased, it shall be the duty of the president of the 
common council, to issue his warrant, in the same man- 
ner as the board of aldermen would have done, if 
elected, and the same proceedings shall be had and 
repeated, until a mayor, or one or more aldermen shall 
be elected. 

Sect. 19. The qualified voters of said city, shall, at Election ofai- 
the annual meeting, be called upon to give in their i82™nb, § 6. 
votes for twelve persons, being inhabitants of said city, 
to constitute the board of aldermen for the ensuing 
year, and all the votes so given, being sorted, counted, 
and declared by the warden and inspectors, shall be 



30 



recorded at large by the clerk, in open ward meeting ; 
and in making such declaration and record, the whole 
number of votes or ballots given in shall be particularly 
stated, together with the name of every person voted 
for, and the number of votes given for each person ; 
and a transcript of such record, certified by the warden 
and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of each 
ward, shall forthwith be transmitted to the city clerk ; 
whereupon the same proceedings shall be had, to ascer- 
tain and determine the persons chosen as aldermen, as 
are hereinbefore directed in regard to the choice of 
mayor, and for a new election, in case of the whole 
number required not being chosen at the first election. 
And each alderman so chosen shall be duly notified in 
writing of his election by the mayor and aldermen for 
the time being. 
Election of com- Sect. 20. The qualified voters of each ward shall, 

mon council- ..,. 

men. at the annual election, be called upon to give m their 

1821, no, §7. ' ... 

votes for four able and discreet men, being inhabitants 

of the ward, to be members of the Common Council for 
the ensuing year ; and all the ballots so given in, in 
each ward, being sorted, counted and declared, a public 
declaration of the result shall be made by the warden 
in open ward meeting ; and a record of such proceed- 
ings shall be kept by the clerk, in his journal, stating 
particularly the whole number of ballots given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, the number ac- 
tually given for each person, the whole to be written 
in words at length. 
Proceedings in Sect. 21. In case four persons are not chosen at 

case there is no 

choice of com- the first balloting in any ward, the meeting of such 

mon council- a ^ ? ° 

men - ward shall be adjourned by the presiding officer, for the 

purpose of filling such vacancies, to a period not less 
than twenty-four, nor more than seventy-two hours 
distant from the hour when the polls were opened at 
the first balloting, the time of adjournment, within such 
limits, to be determined by the warden, with the con- 
sent of a majority of the inspectors who may be present 
when such adjournment is had ; and such notice shall 



31 



be given of the time of such adjournment, and the time 
the polls will be kept open, as the warden may direct ; 
and at such adjourned meeting a balloting shall be 
opened for a number of common councilmen sufficient to 
complete the number of four, which shall be conducted, 
and its result be declared and recorded, in the same 
manner as before prescribed for the first balloting. 

Sect. 22. In case there shall still be vacancies in same subject. 
the number of common councilmen in any ward, ad- 
journments of the meetings of the citizens thereof, for 
the purpose of filling the same, shall continue to be had 
in the same manner to periods not less than twenty- 
four, nor more than seventy-two hours distant from 
each other, at all of which the balloting shall be con- 
ducted, and the result be declared and recorded in the 
same manner as before prescribed, until the number of 
four shall be duly chosen. And at all such adjourn- 
ments the polls shall be kept open the same number of 
hours as were required by the original warrant. 

Sect. 23. If at the close of the last legally ad- same subject, 
journed meeting of any ward as aforesaid preceding the 
first Monday in January, there shall still be vacancies 
in the number of common councilmen for any ward, no 
further adjournment shall be had ; but a record of the 
fact, and of the number of such vacancies, shall be 
made by the clerk of the ward in his journal, signed 
therein by the warden, olerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors, an attested copy of which record shall forth- 
with be delivered by the clerk of the ward to the city 
clerk, who shall lay the same before the common 
council at their first meeting in January. 

Sect. 24. The board of aldermen, the common Boardof alder - 

men,&c. to judge 

council, and the school committee shall have authority of elections. 

/ _' J 1821, 110, % 7. 

to decide upon all questions relative to the qualifica- 
tions, elections and returns of their respective members. 

Sect. 25. Whenever it shall appear to the board of ^ y ca n r c ^rd 
aldermen, that there is a vacancy, by removal from the i^5 es 2 'i 7) § 2 . 
city, or by death, resignation, or otherwise, in the 
board of aldermen, the common council, the school 



32 



Removal of city 

or ward officers 

from their 

wards. 

1845, 217, § 5. 



Organization of 
city council. 
1821, 110, <S9. 
1824, 49, $ 2. 



Oaths of office. 



Absence of 
mayor elect. 
1830, 7, $2. 



committee, or in any of the city and ward offices, it 
shall be the duty of said board to issue their warrant in 
due form to fill all such vacancies, in each and all of 
said boards and offices at such time and place as they 
may deem advisable ; and the same proceedings shall 
be had and adjournments if necessary, within the same 
limits, as are herein prescribed for the annual meeting 
for the election of common councilmen. But in case of 
vacancies in the common council, and school committee, 
such warrant shall not be issued, until the board of 
aldermen receive official information thereof. 

Sect. 26. All city and ward officers shall be held 
to discharge the duties of the offices to which they have 
been respectively elected, notwithstanding their removal 
after their election out of their respective wards, into 
any other wards of the city. But they shall not be so 
held after they have taken up their permanent resi- 
dence out of the city. 

Sect. 27. The mayor, aldermen, and common coun- 
cilmen, on the first Monday of January, or before 
entering on the duties of their offices, shall respectively 
be sworn, by taking the oath of allegiance and oath of 
office, prescribed in the constitution of this common- 
wealth, and an oath to support the constitution of the 
United States. And such oaths . may be administered 
to the mayor elect, by any one of the justices of the 
supreme judicial court or any judge of any court of 
record, commissioned to hold any such court, within the 
said city, or by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk. And such oaths shall be administered to 
the aldermen and members of the common council, 
by the mayor, being himself first sworn as aforesaid ; or 
by either of the persons authorized to administer said 
oath to the mayor ; and a certificate of such oaths hav- 
ing been taken shall be entered in the journal of the 
mayor and aldermen, and of the common council, re- 
spectively, by their respective clerks. 

Sect. 28. In case of the unavoidable absence on 
account of sickness or otherwise of the mayor elect, on 



the first Monday in January, the City Government shall 
organize itself in the mode hereinbefore provided in 
cases wherein no person shall have been elected mayor 
at the meeting last preceding the first Monday in Janu- 
ary, and may proceed to business in the same manner 
as if the mayor were present. 

Sect. 29. After the organization of the city gov- ^oo^aperma- 
ernment and the qualification of a mayor, and when a nent chairman - 
quorum of the board of aldermen shall be present, said 
board, the mayor presiding, shall proceed to choose a 
permanent chairman, who shall preside at all meetings 
of the board and at conventions of the two branches, in 
the absence of the mayor ; and in case of any vacancy 
in the office of mayor for any cause, he shall exercise 
all the powers and perform all the duties of the office 
as long as such vacancy shall continue. But he shall 
continue to have a vote in the board and shall not have 
the veto power. 

Sect. 30. The mayor, aldermen, and common coun- city cierk. 
cil, in convention in the month of January, shall choose 
a clerk for the term of one year, and until another 
person is duly chosen and qualified in his stead, who 
shall be sworn to the faithful discharge of the duties of 
his office, and shall be removable at the pleasure of the 
board of aldermen — the mayor thereto consenting. He 
shall be denominated the city clerk, and it shall be his 
duty to keep a journal of the acts and proceedings of 
the board of aldermen, to sign all warrants issued by 
them, and to do such other acts in his said capacity as 
may lawfully and reasonably be required of him ; and 
to deliver over all journals, books, papers, and docu- 
ments, entrusted to him as such clerk, to his successor 
in office immediately upon such successor being chosen 
and qualified as aforesaid, or whenever he may be 
thereunto required by the aldermen. The city clerk 
thus chosen and qualified shall continue to have all the 
powers and perform all the duties now by law belonging 
to him. 



34 



Vacancy in of- 
fice of city clerk, 



Absence of city 
clerk. 



Powers and du- 
ties of mayor 
and aldermen. 
1821, 110, § 13. 



R. S. 24, § 54. 
Ibid. 14, § 29. 



1821, 110, § 11. 



Common coun- 
cil a separate 
body. 
1821, 110, § 11. 



President. 



Clerk. 



Sittings to be 
public. 



Sect. 31. In case of a vacancy in the office of .city 
clerk, from any cause, the same shall be filled in the 
manner provided in the preceding section. 

Sect. 32. In case of the temporary absence of the 
city clerk, the mayor, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the board of aldermen, may appoint a city clerk 
pro tempore. 

Sect. 33. The administration of police, together 
with the executive powers of the said corporation gener- 
ally, and all the powers formerly vested in the select- 
men of the town of Boston, either by the general laws 
of this commonwealth, by particular laws relative to the 
powers and duties of said selectmen, or by the usages, 
votes or by-laws of said town, and all the powers sub- 
sequently vested in the mayor and aldermen of said 
city, as county commissioners or otherwise, shall be, 
and hereby are, vested in the board of aldermen, as 
hereby constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. A majority of the 
members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the 
transaction of business. Their meetings shall be public, 
and the mayor, if present, shall preside, but without a 
vote. 

Sect. 34. The persons so chosen and qualified, as 
members of the common council of the said city, shall 
sit and act together as a separate body, distinct from 
that of the board of aldermen, except in those cases in 
which the two bodies are 'to meet in convention ; and 
the said council shall have power, from time to time, to 
choose one of their own members to preside over their 
deliberations, and to preserve order therein, and also to 
choose a clerk, who shall be under oath faithfully to 
discharge the duties of his office, who shall hold such 
office during the pleasure of said council, and whose 
duty it shall be to attend said council when the same is 
in session, to keep a journal of its acts, votes, and pro- 
ceedings, and to perform such other services, in said 
capacity, as said council may require. All sittings of 
the common council shall be public ; and twenty-five 



35 

members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction Quorum, 
of business. 

Sect. 85. All other powers heretofore by law vested Powers of city 
in the town of Boston, or in the inhabitants thereof, as 1821, 110, 5 15. 
a municipal corporation, or in the city council of the 
city of Boston, shall be and hereby are continued to be 
vested in the mayor, aldermen, and common council of 
the said city, to be exercised by concurrent vote, each 
board, as hereby constituted, having a negative upon 
the proceedings of the other, and the mayor having a 
veto power as hereinafter provided. More especially, 
they shall have power to make all such needful and 
salutary by-laws or ordinances, not inconsistent with By-iaws. 
the laws of this commonwealth, as towns by the laws of 
this commonwealth have power to make and establish, 
and to annex penalties not exceeding fifty dollars for 
the breach thereof, which by-laws and ordinances shall 
take effect and be in force from and after the time 
therein respectively limited, without the sanction or 
confirmation of any court, or other authority whatso- 
ever. 

Sect. 36. The city council shall also have power, Assessment of 
from time to time, to lay and assess taxes for all pur- 1821,110, $15. 
poses, for which towns are by law required or author- 
ized to assess and grant money, and also for all pur- 
poses for which county taxes may be levied and assessed, 
so long as other towns in the county shall not be liable 1822, 85. 

4.- ....... . . T, i. • x'v Rev. Stat. 14, 34. 

to taxation tor county purposes. But in the assess- 
ment and apportionment of all such taxes upon the polls 
and estates of all persons liable to contribute thereto, 
the same rules and regulations shall be observed as are 
now established by the laws of this commonwealth, or 
may be hereafter enacted, relative to the assessment 
and apportionment of town taxes. 

Sect. 37. The said City Council shall also have collection of 
power to provide for the assessment and collection of 1821, 'no, $15. 
such taxes, and to make appropriations of all public 
moneys, and provide for the disbursement thereof, and 
take suitable measures to ensure a just and prompt ac- 



36 



Assessors to be 
chosen. 



Bonds, &c, may- 
be required. 



City council may 
provide for the 
appointment of 
city officers. 
18:21, 110, $ 16. 



Register of 
deeds. 



Care and custody 
of city property. 
1821, 110, $ 16. 



Power to pur- 
chase property. 



Board of health. 
1821, 110, $17. 
1849, 211, % 1, 2. 
12 Pick. 184. 



count thereof ; and for these purposes may either elect 
such assessors and assistant assessors as may be needful, 
or provide for the appointment or election of the same, 
or any of them, by the mayor and aldermen, or by the 
citizens, as in their judgment may be most conducive to 
the public good, and may also require of all persons 
entrusted with the collection, custody, or disbursement 
of public moneys, such bonds with such conditions and 
such sureties, as the case may in their judgment re- 
quire. 

Sect. 88. The City Council may provide for the 
appointment or election of all necessary officers, for the 
good government of said city, not otherwise provided 
for, and may prescribe their duties, and fix their com- 
pensation, and may choose a register of deeds, when- 
ever the city shall be one county. 

Sect. 39. The City Council shall have the care 
and superintendence of the public buildings, and the 
care, custody, and management of all the property of 
the city, with power to lease or sell the same, except 
the Common and Faneuil Hall. And the said City 
Council shall have power to purchase property, real -or 
personal, in the name and for the use of the city, when- 
ever its interest or convenience may in their judgment 
require it. 

Sect.- 40. All the power and authority now by law 
vested in the City Council or in the Board of Mayor 
and Aldermen relative to the public health and the 
quarantine of vessels, shall continue to be vested in the 
City Council, to be carried into execution by the ap- 
pointment of one or more health commissioners ; or in 
such .other manner as the health, cleanliness, comfort, 
and order of the city may, in their judgment, require, 
subject to such alterations as the legislature may from 
time to time adopt. The powers and duties above 
named may be exercised and carried into effect by the 
City Council, in any manner which they may prescribe 
or through the agency of any persons to whom they 
may delegate the same, notwithstanding a personal 



37 

exercise of the same, collectively or individually, is pre- 
scribed by previous legislation ; and the City Council 
may constitute either branch, or any committee of their 
number, whether joint or separate, the board of health 
for all, or for particular purposes. 

Sect. 41. The Board of Aldermen shall be sur- surveyors of 

~, . , r . t ., highways. 

veyors ot highways tor said city. 1&23, 2. 

Sect. 42. The City Council shall, in the month of city treasurer, 

. . 1821,110,$18. 

May, meet together in convention and elect a suitable 
person to be the treasurer of said city, who shall also r. s. u, § 47. 
be county treasurer ; and who shall hold his office until 
his successor is chosen and qualified in his stead. 

Sect. 43. No person shall be eligible to any office, Members of 
the salary of which is payable out of the city treasury, ineligible to 
who, at the time of his appointment, shall be a member 1821, no, 521. 
of either the Board of Aldermen or the Common Coun- i85i',7o.' 

. ante, § 41. 

cil ; and neither the mayor, or any alderman, or member 
of the Common Council shall at the same time hold any 
office of emolument under the city government. 

Sect. 44. In the month of October, in each year, Representatives 

,, ' "., L i 11 ' , • i- it to general court, 

the city government shall meet m convention and de- isai, no, §22. 

• m 1 o ,• -i-i- 1 1831,38. 

termme the number ot representatives which it may be 
expedient for the corporation to send to the General 
Court in the ensuing year, within its constitutional 
limits, and to publish such determination, which shall 
be conclusive ; and the number thus determined shall 
be specified in the warrant calling a meeting for the 
election of representatives. 

Sect. 45. The mayor of the city, chosen and quali- compensation of 
fied as hereinbefore provided, shall be taken and deemed 1821, no, \ 12. 
to be the chief executive officer of said corporation ; 
and he shall be compensated for his services by a 
salary, to be fixed by the Board of Aldermen and Com- 
mon Council, in convention assembled, payable at stated 
periods ; which salary shall not exceed the sum of five 
thousand dollars annually, and he shall receive no other 
compensation or emoluments whatever ; and no regu- 
lations enlarging or diminishing such compensation shall 
be made, to take effect until the expiration of the year, 



for which the mayor then in office shall have been 
elected, and said salary when fixed shall continue until 
changed by the City Council as aforesaid. 
His powers and Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of the mayor to be 
1821, 110, $ is. vigilant and active at all times, in causing the laws for 
the government of said city to be duly executed and 
put in force ; to inspect the conduct of all subordinate 
officers in the government thereof ; and as far as may 
be in his power, to cause all negligence, carelessness, 
and positive violation of duty to be duly prosecuted and 
punished. He shall have power, whenever in his judg- 
ment the good of said city may require it, to summon 
meetings of the Board of Aldermen and Common Coun- 
cil, or either of them, although the meeting of said 
boards may stand adjourned to a more distant day, and 
shall cause suitable notice in writing of such meetings 
to be given to the respective members of said boards. 
And he shall, from time to time, communicate to both 
branches of the City Council all such information and 
recommend all such measures as may tend to the im- 
provement of the finances, the police, health, security, 
cleanliness, comfort and ornament of the said city. 
Veto power of Sect. 47. Every ordinance, order, resolution, or 
vote, to which the concurrence of the Board of Alder- 
men and of the Common Council may be necessary 
(except on a question of convention of the two branches) , 
and every order of either branch involving the expendi- 
ture of money, shall be presented to the mayor ; if he 
approve thereof he shall signify his approbation by 
signing the same, but if not he shall return the same, 
with his objections, to the branch in which it originated, 
who shall enter the objections of the mayor at large on 
their records, and proceed to reconsider said ordinance, 
order, resolution, or vote ; and if, after such reconsider- 
ation, two-thirds of the Board of Aldermen or Common 
Councilj notwithstanding such objections, agree to pass 
the same, it shall, together with the objections, be sent 
to the other branch of the City Council (if it originally 
required concurrent action), where it shall also be 



the mayor. 



39 

reconsidered, and, if approved by two-thirds of the 
members present, it shall be in force ; but in all cases 
the vote shall be determined by yeas and nays : and if 
such ordinance, order, resolution, or vote shall not be 
returned by the mayor within ten days after it shall 
have been presented, the same shall be in force. But 
the veto power of the mayor shall not extend to the 
election of officers required by any law or ordinance to 
be chosen by the City Council in convention, or by 
concurrent action, unless expressly so provided therein. 

Sect. 48. In all cases where anything is or may be Same subject. 
required or authorized by any law or ordinance to be 
done by the mayor and aldermen, the Board of Alder- 
men shall first act thereon ; and any order, resolution, 
or vote of said board shall be presented to the mayor 
for his approval, in the manner provided in the pre- 
ceding section. 

Sect. 49. In all cases wherein appointments to Mayor to a P . 

x x point officers by 

office are directed to be made by the mayor and alder- consent of aider- 

«' ■* men. 

men, they shall be made by the mayor by and with the 1821 > 110 ' § 21 - 
advice and consent of the aldermen, and such officers Power of re- 
may be removed by the mayor. 

Sect. 50. In the case of the decease, inability, ab- vacancy in the 

° ' office of mayor. 

sence, or resignation of the mayor, and whenever there 1821, no,.§5. 
is a vacancy in the office from any cause, and the same 
being declared, and a vote passed by the aldermen and 
common council respectively, declaring such cause and 
the expediency of electing a mayor, for the time being, 
to supply the vacancy thus occasioned, the B6ard of 
Aldermen shall issue their warrants in due form for the 
election of a mayor, and the same proceedings shall be 
had as are hereinbefore provided for the choice of a 
mayor. 

Sect. 51. All boards and officers acting under the Accountability 

. of all boards and 

authority oi the said corporation, and entrusted with officers for public 

. money. 

the expenditure of public money, shall be accountable 1821, no, § 20. 
therefor to the City Council, in such manner as they 
may direct ; and it shall be the duty of the City Coun- 
cil to publish and distribute, annually, for the informa- 



40 



Their powers 
and duties. 



The school 
committee. 
1835, 128, $ 1 



Annual financial tion of the citizens, a particular statement of the receipts 

statement. * l 

and expenditures of all public moneys, and a particular 
statement of all city property. 
Ejection of over- S ECT . 52. The qualified voters of each ward shall, 

seers or the poor. a ' 

1821, no, $ 19 a t ^ e armua l meeting, be called upon to give in their 
votes for one able and discreet person, being an inhab- 
itant of the ward, to be an overseer of the poor, and 
thereupon the same proceedings shall be had as are 
before directed in fiie election of memhers of the Com- 
mon Council. And the persons thus chosen shall to- 
gether constitute the board of overseers for said city, 
and shall continue to have all the powers, and be sub- 
ject to all the duties, now by law appertaining to the 
overseers of the poor of the city of Boston, until the 
same shall be altered or qualified by the legislature. 

Sect. 53. The school committee shall consist of the 
mayor of the city, the president of the Common Coun- 
cil, and of the persons hereinafter mentioned. A ma- 
jority of the persons duly elected shall constitute a 
quorum for the transaction of business ; and at all 
meetings of the board the mayor, if present, shall pre- 
side. 

Sect. 54. At the annual election next after the 
passage of this act, the qualified voters of each ward 
shall be called upon to give in their ballots for six in- 
habitants of the ward to be members of the school com- 
mittee ; and the two persons who receive the highest 
number of votes, or in case more than two receive an 
equal number of votes, the two persons who are senior 
by age, shall hold their office for three years from the 
second Monday in January next ensuing ; and the next 
two persons who receive the highest number of votes, 
or who are senior by age, in the contingency aforesaid, 
shall hold their office for two years from said date ; and 
the two other persons shall hold their office for one 
year from said date : and at every subsequent annual 
election two persons shall be chosen in each ward to be 
members of the school committee for the term of three 
years. 



Same subject. 



41 



Sect. 55. The persons so chosen as members of organization of 
the school committee shall meet and organize on the miuee. 
second Monday of January, at such hour as the mayor 
may appoint. They may choose a secretary and such secretary and 

1/11 i t i subordinate 

subordinate officers as they may deem expedient, and officers. 

shall define their duties and fix their respective salaries. 

Sect. 56. The said committee shall have the care Powers and du- 
ties of school 

and management of the public schools, and may elect committee. 

. a r ' J 1821, 110, §19.^ 

all such instructors as they may deem proper, and re- 
move the same whenever they consider it expedient. 
And, generally, they shall have all the powers, in rela- 
tion to the care and management of the public schools, 
which the selectmen of towns or school committees are 
authorized by the laws of this commonwealth to exercise. 

Sect. 57. Every male citizen of twenty-one years Qualifications of 

. . voters at muni- 

of .age and upwards, excepting paupers and persons cipai elections, 
under guardianship, who shall have resided within the issi, no, § 8. 
Commonwealth one year, and within the city six months 
next preceding any meeting of citizens, either in wards 
or in general meeting, for municipal purposes, and who 
shall have paid by himself or his parent, master, or 
guardian, any state or county tax which, within two 
years next preceding such meeting, shall have been 
assessed upon him in any town or district in this Com- 
monwealth, and also every citizen who shall be by law 
exempted from taxation, and who shall be in all other 
respects qualified as above mentioned, shall have a right 
to vote at such meeting, and no other person shall be 
entitled to vote at such meeting. 

Sect. 58. It shall be the duty of the Board of Mayor and aider- 

•> men to make 

Aldermen, prior to every election of city officers, or of lis . tsofvoters 

71 * J prior to every 

any officer or officers under the government of the j^f'™,) * 04 
United States or of this Commonwealth, to make out 
lists of all the citizens of each ward qualified to vote in 
such election, in the manner in which selectmen and 
assessors of towns are required to make out similar lists 
of voters ; and for that purpose they shall have free 
access to the assessors' books and lists, and shall be 
entitled to the aid and assistance of all assessors, assis- 

6 



42 

tant assessors, and other officers of said city. And it 
shall be the duty of said Board of Aldermen to deliver 
such list of the voters in each ward, so prepared and 
• corrected, to the clerk of said ward, to be used by the 
warden and inspectors thereof at such election ; and no 
person shall be entitled to vote at such election whose 
name is not borne on such list. And to prevent all 
frauds and mistakes in such elections, it shall be the 
inspectors to ai- duty of the inspectors, in each ward, to take care that 

low no one to " x 

vote whose no person shall vote at such election whose name is not 

name is not on - 1 

the list. go borne on the list of voters, and to cause a mark to 

be placed against the name of each voter on such list 
at the time of giving in his vote. And the City Coun- 
cil shall have authority to establish such rules and 
regulations as to making out, publishing, and using such 
lists of qualified voters as they shall deem proper, not 
inconsistent with the constitution and laws of the Com- 
monwealth. 

Elections of na- Sect. 59. All el ections for governor, lieutenant gov- 

tional and state a ' ° 

i|Ji er no , 33 ernor, senators, representatives, representatives to con- 
R ' s ' 6' § 9' is." § ress j an( ^ au " other officers who are to be chosen and 
voted for by the people, shall be held at meetings of 
the citizens qualified to vote in such elections, in their 
respective wards, at the time fixed by law for those 
elections respectively. And at such meetings, all the 
votes given in, being collected, sorted, counted, and 
declared by the inspectors of elections in each ward, it 
shall be the duty of the clerk of such ward to make a 
true record of the same, specifying therein the whole 
number of ballots given in, the name of each person 
voted for, and the number of votes for each, expressed 
in words at length. And a transcript of such record, 
certified by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors of elections in such ward, shall forthwith be 
transmitted or delivered by each ward clerk to the 
clerk of the city. And it shall be the duty of the city 
clerk forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and in- 
telligible abstract of them, as they are successively 
received, in the journals of the proceedings of the 



43 

Board of Aldermen, or in some other book kept for that 
purpose. And it shall be the duty of the Board of Examination 
Aldermen to meet together within two days after every votes, 
such election, and examine and compare all the said 
returns, and thereupon to make out a certificate of the certificate, 
result of such election, to be signed by a majority of 
the aldermen, and also by the city clerk, which shall be 
transmitted, delivered, or returned in the same manner 
as similar returns are by law directed to be made by 
the selectmen of towns ; and such certificates and re- 
turns shall have the same force and effect, in all re- 
spects, as like returns of similar elections made by the 
selectmen of towns. At the election of governor, lieu- separate lists of 

° ' votes for govern- 

tenant governor, and senators, it shall be the duty of ^i^^\ e to 
the Board of Aldermen to make and seal up separate to e S heriff S ary ° r 
lists of persons voted for as governor, lieutenant gov- R - S- 5 ' 5 h 
ernor, and senators of the Commonwealth, with the ■• 
number of votes for each person, written in words at 
length against his name, and to transmit said lists to votes for eiec- 

, tors of president, 

the secretary of the Commonwealth or to the sheriff of &«., how and 

' m m when to be trans - 

the county. The Board of Aldermen shall, within mitted to th e 

^ ' secretary. 

three days next after the day of any election of electors 1844 » 167 > § h 

of president and vice president of the United States, 

held by virtue of the laws of this Commonwealth or of 

the United States, deliver, or cause to be delivered, 

the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, to the sheriff of 

the county, and the said sheriff shall, within four days 

after receiving said lists, transmit the same to the office 

of the secretary of the Commonwealth, or the said 

aldermen may; and when the office of sheriff is vacant, 

they shall themselves transmit the said lists to the said 

office within seven days after the election, and all votes 

not so transmitted shall be rejected. In all elections Proceedings in 

for representatives to the general court, in case the tives are not 

whole number proposed to be elected shall not be chosen 

according to law by the votes legally returned, the 

Board of Aldermen shall forthwith issue their warrant 

for a new election, agreeably to the constitution and 

laws of this Commonwealth, and the same proceedings 



44 



Proceedings in 
case of no elec- 
tion of represen- 
tatives to con- 
gress. 
K. S. cb 6, $9. 



General meet- 
ings of the citi- 
zens. 
1821, 110,^25. 



Warrants for 
meetings to be 
issued by the 
board of alder- 
men. 
1821,110,5 26. 



Power oflegisla- 
ture to alter the 
charter. 
1821,110,5 30. 



Repeal of first 
charter. 



Proviso. 



shall be had in all respects as are hereinbefore directed ; 
and in case of no choice being made of representatives 
to Congress, in either district of which the citj of Bos- 
ton composes a part, or in case of any vacancy happen- 
ing in said districts, or either of them, the governor 
shall cause precepts for new elections to be directed to 
the Board of Aldermen of said city, as often as occasion 
shall require ; and such new elections shall be held, 
and all proceedings thereon had, and returns made in 
conformity with the foregoing provisions. 

Sect. 60. General meetings of the citizens qualified 
to vote in city affairs may from time to time be held to 
consult upon the common good, to give instructions to 
their representatives, and to take all lawful measures to 
obtain a redress of any grievances, according to the 
right secured to the people by the constitution of this 
Commonwealth. And such meetings shall and may be 
duly warned by the Board of Aldermen, upon the re- 
quisition of fifty qualified voters of said city. The 
mayor, if present, shall preside, and the city clerk shall 
act as the clerk of such meetings. 

Sect. 61. All warrants for the meetings of the citi- 
zens for municipal purposes, to be had either in general 
meetings or in wards, shall be issued by the Board of 
Aldermen, and in such form, and shall be served, exe- 
cuted, and returned at such time and in such manner 
as the City Council may by any by-law or ordinance 
direct and appoint. 

Sect. 62. Nothing in this act contained shall be so 
construed as to restrain or prevent the legislature from 
amending or altering the same, whenever they shall 
deem it expedient. 

Sect. 63. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent 
with this act are hereby repealed. Provided, however, 
that the repeal of the said acts shall not affect any act 
done, or any right accruing or accrued or established, 
or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any 
civil case, before the time when such repeal shall take 
effect. And that no offence committed, and no penalty 



45 

or forfeiture incurred, under the acts hereby repealed, 
and before the time when such repeal shall take effect, 
shall be affected by the repeal. And that no suit or 
prosecution, pending at the time of the said repeal, for 
any offence committed or for the recovery of any penalty 
or forfeiture incurred under the acts hereby repealed, 
shall be affected by such repeal ; and provided also, 
'that all persons who, at the time when the said repeal 
shall take effect, shall hold any office under the said 
acts, shall continue to hold the same according to the 
tenure thereof. And provided also, that all the by- 
laws and ordinances of the city of Boston which shall 
be in force at the time when the said repeal shall take 
effect, shall continue in force until the same are re- 
pealed by the City Council. And all officers elected 
under such by-laws and ordinances shall continue in 
office according to the tenure thereof. 

Sect. 64. No act which has been heretofore re- Repeal not to re- 
pealed shall be revived by the repeal of the acts men- 
tioned in the preceding section. 

Sect. 65. This act shall be void unless the inhab- Act to be sub- 
itants of the city of Boston, at a legal meeting, called cuiz!ns.° 
for that purpose by a written vote, determine to adopt 
the same ; and the qualified voters of the city shall be 
called upon to give in their votes upon the acceptance 
of this act at meetings in the various wards, duly 
warned by the mayor and aldermen, to be held on or 
before the second Monday of November ; and there- 
upon the same proceedings shall be had respecting the 
sorting, counting, declaring, recording, and returns of 
said votes as is herein provided at the election of mayor ; 
and the Board of Mayor and Aldermen shall, within 
three days, meet together and compare the returns of 
the ward officers, and if it appear that the citizens have 
voted to adopt this act, the mayor shall make procla- 
mation of the fact, and thereupon the act shall take 
effect for the purpose of electing municipal officers at ' 
the next annual election, and for all other purposes it 
shall take effect on and after the first Monday of Jan- 
uary next. 



LAWS OF THE COMMONWEALTH 



PASSED SINCE THE 



REVISION OF THE CITY ORDINANCES. 



RECENT LAWS. 



An Act to regulate the measurement of Marble. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Qeneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The Mayor and Aldermen of any city or the selectmen of any 
town in this Commonwealth, may establish such ordinances or regu- 
lations, with suitable penalties, respecting the appointment of a 
surveyor, and the survey and admeasurement of marble of every 
description, either foreign or American, that shall be imported or 
brought into such city or town for sale, as they may from time to 
time deem expedient. [Approved, April 30, 1851.] 



An Act in relation to the House of Correction in the County of 

Suffolk. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
Qeneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The city council of the city of Boston may annually 
appoint, by concurrent vote of the two branches thereof, a suita- 
ble number of persons, not exceeding twelve, who shall be citizens 
of Boston, and a majority of whom shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business, to constitute the board of overseers 
of the house of correction for the county of Suffolk, who shall 
hold their office for one year, and until at least five persons, 
members of a new board, are appointed in their place ; and said 
city council may at any time fill any vacancies which may occur 
in said board. 

Sect. 2. So much of the eleventh section of the one hundred 
and forty-third chapter of the Revised Statutes as is inconsistent 
with this act is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect as soon as it may be ac- 
cepted by the city council of said city, by concurrent vote of the 
two branches thereof. [Approved, April 20, 1852. Accepted 
by City Council, Kay 24, 1852.] 



RECENT LAWS. 49 



An Act in relation to the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston shall, 
commencing with the ensuing municipal year, consist of twelve per- 
sons ; and the legal voters of each ward shall be annually called upon 
to give in their votes for one person, being an inhabitant of said 
ward, to be a member of said board of aldermen, to be chosen in the 
same form and manner, and at the same time, as now provided by law 
for the election of members of the common council. 1 

Sect. 2. The legal voters of each ward of said city shall, com- 
mencing with the ensuing municipal year be annually called upon to 
vote for two assistant assessors, who shall be inhabitants of said ward, 
and who shall be chosen in the same manner and form, and at the 
same time, as is provided in the foregoing section for the election of 
aldermen} 

Sect. 3. Whenever the mayor and aldermen of the City of 
Boston shall adjudge that the public safety and convenience re- 
quire that any street, lane or alley in the said city shall be laid 
out, altered, or discontinued, they shall make and record an esti- 
mate of the expense thereof, and if such estimate shall exceed 
the sum of five thousand dollars, or if such estimate, with the 
estimates of any previous alteration or discontinuance of any part 
of such street, lane or alley, during the municipal year, shall ex- 
ceed the sum of five thousand dollars, the order for such laying 
out, alteration or discontinuance, together with an estimate of the 
expense thereof, shall be sent to the common council for its con- 
currence or rejection ; and such order shall not take effect or be 
in force until the common council shall concur therein. 2 

Sect. 4. No erection, alteration, or repair of any court house, 
jail, house of correction, fire-proof office, or any other building, 
for the purposes of the county of Suffolk, shall be made by the 
mayor and aldermen of the said city, except as herein provided, 
to wit : whenever the mayor and aldermen shall by vote declare 
that such erection, alteration, or repair is necessary or expedient, 
they shall make and record an estimate of the expense thereof, 
and if such estimate shall exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, 
a copy of the said vote and estimate shall be sent to the common 
council for its concurrence, rejection or amendment ; and all acts 
or parts of acts inconsistent with this act are repealed. 2 

Sect. 5. The first four sections of this act shall not go into 
effect unless they be approved by a majority of the legal voters of 



1 Rejected by the citizens. 2 Accepted by the citizens. 



50 RECENT LAWS. 

the city of Boston, voting thereon severally by yea and nay bal- 
lot, in their respective wards, at the annual election of state offi- 
cers in November next ; and the mayor and aldermen of the said 
city shall insert in the warrant, for the aforesaid election, an 
article submitting the aforesaid question to the decision of the 
said legal voters of the city of Boston. [Approved, May 20, 
1852.] 



An Act regulating the Storage, Safe Keeping, and Sale of Fire- 
works in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Mouse of Representatives, in 
Q-eneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same: 

Sect. 1. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to 
keep or sell any fireworks within the city of Boston, in any quan- 
tity, without first having obtained from the chief engineer of the 
fire department of said city a license therefor, signed by the chief 
engineer or by the secretary of the board of engineers, on which 
shall be written or printed a copy of the rules and regulations by 
them established, relative to the keeping, selling, or storage of 
fireworks within said city ; and every such license shall be in 
force until the first day of May next ensuing the date thereof, 
unless sooner annulled by the board of engineers, and no longer ; 
but such license may, prior to the expiration of that term, be re- 
newed by the chief engineer or the said secretary, from year to 
year, by indorsement thereon ; provided always, that the board 
of engineers may rescind any such license, if in their opinion the 
person or persons have disobeyed the law or infringed on any 
rules or regulations established by the board of engineers ; and 
every person who receives a license to sell fireworks, as aforesaid, 
shall pay for the same the sum of one dollar, and the same sum 
for the renewal thereof, and all such licenses shall expire on the 
first day of May annually, and all moneys received for licenses 
shall be paid to the board of engineers, for the purpose of defraying 
the expenses of carrying this act into execution. 

Sect. 2. Any person or persons who have for sale, or keep in 
possession, any fireworks within the city of Boston, contrary to 
the rules and regulations established by the board of engineers 
herein mentioned, or who shall sell any fireworks in said city 
without first having obtained from the said chief engineer, or his 
secretary, a license as aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not less than 
fifteen nor more than fifty dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved, April 14, 1853.] 



RECENT LAWS. 51 



An Act concerning Armories for the use of the Volunteer Militia. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. It shall be the duty of the mayor and aldermen of 
cities, and of the selectmen of towns, in this Commonwealth, from 
time to time, to provide each and every company of cavalry, 
artillery, infantry, light infantry, and riflemen, within the limits of 
their respective cities and towns, — which are now or which may 
hereafter be duly organized under the laws of the Commonwealth, 
— with suitable and proper armories or places of deposit for the 
safe keeping of the arms and equipments furnished to such com- 
pany or companies, from time to time, by the adjutant general 
under the authority of law ; and the expense thereof shall be 
paid out of the treasury of the Commonwealth, in manner as 
hereinafter provided. 

Sect. 2. The said mayor and aldermen and selectmen . shall 
annually, in either of the months of October or November, make 
out and transmit to the office of the adjutant general, verified by 
the oath or affirmation of two at least of said mayor and alder- 
men, or selectmen, a certificate or return showing the name of 
each company furnished with an armory, and the amount paid or 
allowed for the rent or use thereof ; and said certificate or return 
shall embrace also, in substance, as follows : That the armory or 
armories so furnished by said mayor and aldermen, or selectmen, 
are such, and such only, as, in the opinion of a majority thereof, 
are necessary for the legitimate uses of such company or compa- 
nies as an armory or armories, and that the value of the annual 
rent thereof, according to the value of real estate in the city or 
town wherein the same is or are located, is fully equal to the sum 
or sums paid or claimed therefor. 

Sect. 3. The adjutant general, the treasurer, and receiver 
general, and the auditor of this Commonwealth, respectively, for 
the time being, shall constitute a board of commissioners to exam- 
ine and audit all accounts and claims for rent of armories made in 
pursuance of the provisions of this act ; and on or before the first 
day of January in each year, it shall be the duty of the said 
board to examine the several returns and certificates mentioned 
in the preceding section, and to institute such inquiries in relation 
thereto as they may deem expedient and proper, to cause the 
same to be corrected if necessary, and to allow such accounts and 
claims, either in whole or in part, as said commissioners shall 
deem to be just, and in accordance with the true intent and mean- 
ing of this act ; provided, however, that in no case whatever shall 
there be allowed in payment for an armory for any one company 



52 RECENT LAWS. 

a greater sum annually than three hundred dollars. And it shall 
be the further duty of the said board of commissioners to file in 
the office of the treasurer of the Commonwealth, within ten days 
after they shall «have completed their said examination, a certifi- 
cate signed by them, showing the sum and sums thus allowed, and 
the names of the respective companies for whose use the same 
was allowed, and the city or town to which such companies belong. 
And the said adjutant general shall thereupon immediately notify 
the said mayor and aldermen and selectmen of the sum and sums 
thus allowed ; and the amount thereof shall be paid by the treas- 
urer to the said mayor and aldermen and selectmen, respectively, 
on demand, in the same manner as is now provided by law for the 
reimbursement of sums paid out by them to the officers and mem- 
bers of the volunteer militia for military service. 

Sect. 4. Any person or persons named or referred to in this 
act, who shall be guilty of making any false return or certificate, 
required by this act to be made under oath, as hereinbefore pro- 
vided, with intent to defraud the Commonwealth, shall be deemed 
to have committed the crime of perjury, and shall be punished 
therefor accordingly. And if, by reason of such false return or 
certificate, wilfully made by the mayor and aldermen of any city, 
or the selectmen of any town, or any one or more of them, there 
shall be paid out of the treasury of this Commonwealth to such 
city or town any sum or sums of money to which such city or 
town is not entitled according to the true intent and meaning of 
this act, the city or town so receiving the same shall be punished 
by a fine not exceeding four times the amount of money so re- 
ceived, to be recovered by indictment in any of the courts of this 
Commonwealth of competent jurisdiction. 

Sect. 5. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the pro- 
visions of this act are hereby repealed. [Approved, April 26, 



An Act respecting the "Watch and Police of the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
Greneral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. The city council of the city of Boston are hereby 
authorized and empowered to unite, by ordinance, the watch and 
police departments of the said city into one department, and to 
organize the same, and from time to time to establish regulations 
therefor, not repugnant to the laws of the Commonwealth. 

Sect. 2. The chief of the police, who may be authorized to 
act by virtue of such ordinance, shall have and exercise all the 
powers and duties which by the laws now in force may be had 



KECENT LAWS. 53 

and exercised by the head constable of the watch of the city of 
Boston ; and the deputy chiefs of the police, and captains and 
lieutenants of the police, who may be authorized to act by virtue 
of such ordinance, shall have and exercise all the powers and 
duties which by the laws now in force may be had and exercised 
by the constables of the several divisions of the watch of the city 
of Boston ; and the said officers, and the policemen who shall be 
appointed under the provisions of such ordinance, shall have and 
exercise all the powers and duties which may be had and exercised 
either by the watch of the city of Boston, or by the police of the 
said city, by virtue of the seventeenth chapter of the Revised 
Statutes of this Commonwealth and other existing laws. 

Sect. 8. The mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston shall 
have and exercise all the powers and duties in relation to the 
officers and policemen mentioned in the second section, which, by 
the laws now in force, they may have and exercise in relation to 
the watch and watchmen and the police of the city of Boston. 

Sect. 4. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith are 
hereby repealed. 

Sect. 5. This act shall be void unless accepted by the city 
council of the city of Boston within sixty days after its passage. 
[Approved, May, 21, 1853. Accepted by City Council, June 2, 
1853.] 



An Act relating to the Erection and Use of Buildings for Stables 
and Bowling Alleys. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

Sect. 1. If any person shall erect, occupy, or use any build- 
ing in any city or town for a stable for more than four horses, or 
for a bowling alley, except in such parts of said city as the mayor 
and aldermen thereof, and of such towns as the selectmen thereof 
shall direct, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars for 
every month he shall so occupy or use such building, and in the 
like proportion for a longer or shorter time. And the Supreme 
Judicial Court, or any one of the justices thereof, either in term 
time or vacation, may issue an injunction to prevent such ejection, 
occupancy, or use, without such direction. 

Sect. 2. This act shall not be in force in any city unless the 
city council thereof, nor in any town unless the inhabitants there- 
of, at a legal meeting, shall, within sixty days from the passage 
hereof, by vote, adopt the same. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its passage. 
[Approved, May 24, 1851.] 



54 RECENT LAWS. 



An Act in addition to an Act relating to the Erection and Use of 
Buildings for Stables and Bowling Alleys. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, and by the authority of the same : 

The provisions of the second section of the three hundred and 
nineteenth chapter of the acts and resolves of the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty-one are hereby revived and extended for the 
term of nine months from the passage of this act. [Approved, 
May 23, 1853. Accepted by City Council, Dec. 5, 1853.] 



An Act to regulate the Storage and Sale of Camphene and other 

like Fluids. 

The inhabitants of any town, and the city council of any city, 
in this Commonwealth, may make and adopt such rules and 
regulations in relation to the storage and sale within the limits of 
such town and city of camphene or any similar explosive or in- 
flammable fluid as they may deem reasonable, and may annex 
penalties to any breach of such rules and regulations, not exceed- 
ing twenty dollars for any one offence. [Passed, April 6, 1850.] 



An Act to authorize the City of Boston to appropriate Money 
for the Relief of the Families of Disabled Firemen. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Souse of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, as 
follows : 

Sect. 1. The city of Boston is hereby authorized to expend a 
sum not exceeding one thousand dollars annually, under the 
direction of the city council, for the relief of such firemen as 
shall have been disabled in the service of the said city, and for 
the relief of the families of such firemen as have been killed in 
the performance of their duties. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its accept- 
ance by the city council of Boston. [Passed, April 27, 1854. 
Accepted by City Council, February 3, 1855.] 



ADOPTED BY THE CITY COUNCIL SINCE THE PUBLICATION 



OF THE KEVISED OEDINANCES IN 1850. 



ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to contracts with City Officers. 

Sect. 1. No member of the city council, no member of any 
board, and no individual chosen by the city council, shall be in- 
terested in a private capacity, directly or indirectly, in any con- 
tract or agreement for labor or for any materials, goods, wares or 
merchandise furnished to the city, wherein the city is a party 
interested, unless the same be expressly authorized to be made 
and entered into with such member, by some ordinance or order 
of the city council. 

Sect. 2. All contracts, agreements, purchases and sales, made 
contrary to the preceding section, shall be utterly void, at the 
pleasure of the city council, and no bill against the city arising 
out of or connected with any such contract, agreement, purchase 
or sale, shall be approved by any committee, passed by the au- 
ditor, or paid by the treasurer, unless approved and allowed by 
express vote of the city council. [Passed, Dec. 23, 1850.] 



An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and providing for 
Preventing and Extinguishing Fires. 

Sect. 1. The fire department shall consist of a chief engineer, 
of nine other engineers, and of as many enginemen, hydrantmen, 
and hook and ladder men, to be divided into companies, as the 
number of engines and/ the number and quantity of other fire ap- 
paratus belonging to the city shall from time to time require. 

Sect. 2. There shall be chosen annually, by the city council, 
in the months of January or February, a chief engineer and nine 
other engineers, who shall hold their offices one year and until 
others are chosen in their places ; provided, however, that no 
assistant engineer shall hold over in case five of the new board 
are elected ; and in all cases of holding over, preference shall be 
given to seniority of age. 



ORDINANCES. 57 

Sect. 3. The city council may, by a concurrent vote at any 
time, remove from office the chief engineer, or any of the other 
engineers ; and the mayor and aldermen may at any time discharge 
any or all of the officers or members of either of said companies. 

Sect. 4. Each engineer shall, upon his appointment, receive 
a written or printed certificate or warrant, in the words following 
viz : " This certifies that A. B. is appointed an engineer, (or chief 
engineer) of the fire department of the city of Boston, and is en- 
titled to all the immunities belonging to said office. 

Given under my hand this day of A. D. 18 

Mayor. 
City Clerk." 

And the respective rank of the engineers shall be determined 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 5. The engineers, so chosen, shall meet and organize 
themselves into a board of engineers, a majority of whom shall 
form a quorum, and of which, in the absence of the chief engineer, 
the senior engineer present shall be presiding officer ; and they 
may appoint such secretary or other officers, and make such rules 
and regulations for their own government, as they may see fit, 
and such secretary shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may deem expedient. They shall be responsible for the 
discipline, good order, and proper conduct of the whole depart- 
ment, both officers and men, and for the care of all houses, en- 
gines, hose carriages, and other furniture and apparatus thereto 
belonging. They shall have the superintendence and control of 
all the engine and other houses used for the purposes of the fire 
department, and of all furniture and apparatus thereto belonging, 
and of the engines and all other fire apparatus belonging to the 
city, and over the officers and members of the several companies 
attached to the fire department, and over all persons present at 
fires, and they may make such rules and regulations for the bet- 
ter government, discipline and good order of the department, and 
for the extinguishment of fires, as they may from time to time, 
think expedient, the same not being repugnant to the laws of this 
commonwealth, or to any ordinance of the city, and being subject 
to the approbation of the mayor and aldermen. The assistant en- 
gineers shall report their absences from fires to the chief engineer, 
with the reasons therefor, who shall keep a record of the same, 
and make a report thereof, stating all the facts, to the city council 
every year prior to the election of engineers. In the absence of 
the chief engineer the clerk shall make said record and report. 

Sect. 6. It shall be the duty of said engineers, whenever a 
fire shall break out in the city, immediately to repair to the place 
of such fire, and to carry with them a suitable staff or badge of 
their office ; to take proper measures that the several engines and 
other apparatus be arranged in the most advantageous situations. 



58 ORDINANCES. 

and duly worked for the effectual extinguishment of the fire ; to 
require and compel assistance from all persons, as well members 
of the fire department as others, in extinguishing the fire, remov- 
ing furniture, goods, or other merchandise, from any building on 
fire, or in danger thereof, and to appoint guards to secure the 
same : and also in pulling down or demolishing any house or 
"building if occasion require, and further to suppress all tumults 
and disorders. It shall also be their duty to cause order to" be 
preserved in going to, working at, or returning from fires, and at 
all other times when companies attached to the department are on 
duty. 

Sect. 7. "Whenever any fire occurs in either of the adjoining 
towns, it shall be the duty of only such and so many of said en- 
gineers to repair to such towns, as shall have been previously 
designated for such purpose by the board of engineers. 

Sect. 8. The chief engineer shall have the sole command at 
fires, over all the other engineers, all members of the fire depart- 
ment, and all other persons who may be present at fires, and 
shall direct all proper measures for the extinguishment of fires, 
protection of property, preservation of order, and observance of 
the laws, ordinances and regulations respecting fires ; and it shall 
be the duty of said chief engineer to examine into the condition 
of the engines and all other fire apparatus, and of the engine and 
other houses belonging to the city and used for the purposes of 
the fire department, and of the companies attached to the said 
department, as often as circumstances may render it expedient, 
or whenever directed so to do by the board of aldermen, or by 
the committee of the board of aldermen on the fire department, 
and annually to report the same to the said board, and oftener 
if thereunto requested ; also, to cause a full description of 
the same, together with the names of the officers and members 
of the fire department, to be published annually in such manner 
as the board of aldermen shall direct ; and whenever the engines 
or other fire apparatus, engine or other houses used by the 
fire department, require alterations, additions, or repairs, the 
chief engineer, under the direction of the board of aldermen -or of 
the committee on the fire department shall cause the same to be 
made ; and it shall be moreover the duty of the chief engineer to 
receive and transmit to the board of aldermen all returns of offi- 
cers, members and fire apparatus, made by the respective com- 
panies as hereinafter prescribed, and all other communications 
relating to the affairs of the fire department ; to keep fair and 
exact rolls of the respective companies, specifying the time of ad- 
mission and discharge, and the age of each member ; to report in 
writing to the city clerk, who shall keep a record of the same, 
once in each year, or oftener if directed so to do by the board* of 
aldermen, all accidents by fire which may happen within the city, 



ORDINANCES. 59 

with the causes thereof as well as can be ascertained, and the num- 
ber and description of the buildings destroyed or injured, together 
with the names of the owners or occupants. 

Sect. 9. In case of the absence of the chief engineer, the 
engineer next in rank who may be present shall execute the duties 
of his office, with full powers. 

Sect. 10. As many engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder 
companies shall from time to time be formed by the mayor and 
aldermen as they shall deem expedient, and each of said com- 
panies shall consist of as many men as said mayor and aldermen 
may determine, who shall be appointed exclusively by them. 

•Sect. 11. No person under twenty-one years of age shall be 
employed as a member of the fire department ; nor shall any per- 
son be so employed who is not a citizen of the United States and 
a legal voter in the city of Boston. 

[Sect. 12. The terms of service for the members of the fire 
department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, and in the same company in which he enters, except in 
cases of sickness, death, or removal from the city, or who shall be 
removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit any and all compensa- 
tion that would otherwise have been due to him at the time when 
such service ceased, or such removal took place.] 

[Sect. 13. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated by the 
members to the board of engineers, and being by them approved, 
their names shall be sent to the board of mayor and aldermen for 
approval or rejection, and, in case of rejection, another person 
shall be nominated as aforesaid, before the next meeting of the 
mayor and aldermen ; and these officers, when elected, shall 
receive certificates of appointment signed by the mayor, and shall 
hold their places until removed, or until others are appointed in 
their stead.] 

Sect. 14. Whenever any person shall have received his cer- 
tificate of appointment to any office under this ordinance, he shall 
thereby be immediately invested with all the authority conferred, 
and subject to all the duties imposed by the laws, the city ordi- 
nances, and the rules and regulations of the fire department, until 
discharged therefrom, either by death or resignation, or by order 
of the mayor and aldermen, or the board of engineers, as herein- 
after provided for ; and the vacancy occasioned by his discharge 
shall be filled as soon as may be, in the manner herein prescribed. 

Sect. 15. It shall be the duty of the foremen to see that the 
several engines and apparatus committed to their care, and the 

Sections 12 and 13, in brackets, have been repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



60 ORDINANCES. 

several buildings in which the same are deposited, and all things in 
or belonging to the same, are kept neat, clean, and in order for 
immediate use ; it shall also be their duty to preserve order and 
discipline at all times in their respective companies, and require 
and enforce a strict compliance with the city ordinances, the rules 
and regulations of the department, and the orders of the engineers. 
They shall also keep or cause to be kept by the clerks of their 
respective companies, fair and exact rolls, specifying the time of 
admission, discharge and age of each member, and accounts of all 
city property entrusted to the care of the several members, and 
of all absences and tardiness among the same, in a book provided 
for that purpose by the city, which rolls or record books are always 
to be subject to the order of the board of engineers and the board 
of aldermen. They shall also make or cause to be made to the 
chief engineer, true and accurate returns of all the members, with 
their ages, and the apparatus entrusted to their care, whenever 
called upon so to do. 

Sect. 16. It shall be the duty of the officers and members of 
the several engine, hydrant, and hook and ladder companies, when- 
ever a fire shall break out in the city, to repair forthwith to their 
respective engines, hose, hook and ladder carriages, and other 
apparatus, and to convey them in as orderly a manner as may be, 
to or near the place where the fire may be, in conformity with the 
direction of the chief or other engineers ; to exert themselves in 
the most orderly manner possible, in working and managing the 
said engines, hose, hooks and ladders, and other apparatus ; and 
in performing any duty that they may be called upon to do, by any 
engineer ; and upon permission of the chief or other engineer, 
shall in an orderly and quiet manner return said engines, hose, 
hook and ladder carriages, and other apparatus, to their respec- 
tive places of deposit. Provided, that in the absence of all the 
engineers such direction and permission may be given by their 
respective foremen. 

Sect. 17. Any officer or other member may be removed or 
dismissed from the fire department by a vote of the chief engineer 
and two thirds of the assistant engineers and said vote shall be 
final unless in the case of officers, the same shall be reversed by 
the mayor and aldermen within fourteen days after it shall have 
been passed. 

Sect. 18. In all cases of removal from office by the engineers, 
the name of the party removed, with a statement of the reasons 
therefor, shall be entered on their records, and a copy of the same 
shall be transmitted to the board of aldermen, before their next 
regular meeting. 

Sect. 19. No officer, who may have been dismissed or re- 
moved from the fire department, shall be reinstated therein, unless 
by a vote of the chief engineer and two thirds of the assistant en- 



ORDINANCES. 61 

gineers, and, in such case, said vote shall not take effect until 
confirmed by the board of aldermen ; and it shall not pass the 
board of aldermen unless two thirds of the whole board vote 
therefor. 

Sect. 20. Every company shall have two or more suction hose 
men and three or more leading hose men, to be appointed by the 
foreman of such company, subject to the approval of the board of 
engineers, and they shall hold their places for six months, unless 
sooner removed by the said board. For the purpose of discharge 
and removal, suction and leading hosemen shall be regarded as 
members and not as officers. 

Sect. 21. The steward shall hold his office in like manner for 
not less than six months. It shall be his duty to keep clean the 
house, the engine, hose or other apparatus which may belong to 
the company, to clear the snow in winter from the sidewalk con- 
nected with the house, and generally to see that the engine and 
apparatus are ready for immediate use. 

Sect. 22. The engineers and members of the several compa- 
nies regularly appointed shall wear such caps, badges, or insignia, 
as the mayor and aldermen shall from time to time direct, to be 
furnished at the expense of the city, and no other person or per- 
sons shall be permitted to wear the same, except under such 
restrictions and regulations as the mayor and aldermen may 
direct. 

Sect. 23. No uniform, unless such caps, badges, and insignia 
as are prescribed from time to time by the mayor and aldermen, 
shall be allowed to be worn upon any occasion, as firemen, by 
either officers or men belonging to the department. 

Sect. 24. No company shall have power to appoint or dis- 
charge any officer or member. 

Sect. 25. No company shall leave the city, in case of fire in 
the neigboring towns, excepting by the express order of the chief 
engineer or one of the assistant engineers ; and no company shall 
leave the city on an excursion, or appear in the streets, as firemen, 
except in case of an alarm of fire, unless by the express direction 
and permission of the city council. 

Sect. 26. The lower story only of the engine, hydrant, and 
hook and ladder houses, shall be appropriated to the use of the 
department; and no furniture or decorations shall be allowed, 
except such as is furnished by the city. 

Sect. 27. No associations or organized societies or clubs of 
firemen, as such, shall be allowed, except by the express permis- 
sion of the city council. 

[Sect. 28. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of each company 
to enter in the roll book provided by the city, all absences and 
tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and to 



62 ORDINANCES. 

make a monthly return of the same to the board of engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in cases of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member, 
such sum, not exceeding fifty cents, as the said board may order 
and determine. And if any officer or member shall have been 
absent or tardy at more than one-third of the fires or alarms of 
fires, except in case of sickness, during the month, such absences 
or tardiness shall be considered good cause for his discharge from 
the department, if more than five.] 

Sect. 29. Any officer or member of the fire department who 
shall wilfully neglect or refuse to perform his duty, or shall be 
guilty of disorderly conduct or disobedience to his superiors in 
office, shall for such offence, be dismissed from the department, 
and any officer or member who shall offend against any ordinance 
of the city relating to the fire department, shall, in addition to the 
liability of dismission, be liable to a penalty of not less than five, 
nor more than fifty dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 30. Every member and every officer of the fire depart- 
ment shall sign the following statement, to be deposited with the 
board of engineers. " I, A. B. having been appointed a member 
" of the Boston Fire Department, hereby signify my agreement to 
" abide by all the ordinances of the City Council, and the rules 
" and regulations of the Mayor and Aldermen, and of the Board 
" of Aldermen and the board of engineers relating thereto." And 
any officer or member who shall neglect or refuse to sign the 
same, shall not be entitled to any compensation whatsoever. 

Sect. 81. It shall be the duty of the chief engineer, or other 
engineers, to report to the board of aldermen the name of every 
person, not a member of either of said companies, who shall, con- 
trary to law, refuse or neglect to obey any orders of any engineer, 
given at any fire. 

Sect. 32. It shall be the duty of such of the constables or 
police officers of the city as may be selected by the engineers for 
that service, to repair with their staves, or such other badges of 
office as the mayor and aldermen shall direct, on the alarm of fire, 
immediately to the place where the fire may be, and there to use 
their best skill and power, under the direction of the chief engi- 
neer, for the preservation of the public peace, and the prevention 
of theft and destruction of property, and the removal of all sus- 
pected persons ; for which service the constables or police officers 
shall receive such compensation as shall be in each case ordered 
by the mayor and aldermen. 

Sect. 33. Immediately on the alarm of fire, during the night, 
it shall be the duty of the respective watchmen to give notice 



Section 28, in brackets, repealed by subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 63 

thereof within their respective districts, by springing their rattles, 
crying " fire," or ringing a bell, and mentioning the street or 
direction where it may be ; and if any watchman shall neglect so 
to do, he shall forfeit and pay two dollars, and if it shall happen 
that a chimney only shall be on fire, either by night or day, the 
bell shall not be rung, but only when a building is proclaimed to 
be on fire. 

Sect. 34. "Whenever it shall be adjudged at any fire, by any 
three or more of the engineers, of whom the chief engineer, if 
present, shall be one, to be necessary, in order to prevent the 
further spreading of the fire, to pull down or otherwise demolish 
any building, the same may be done by their joint order. 

Sect. 35. It shall be the duty of the chief and other engineers 
to inquire for and examine into all shops and other places where 
shavings or other such combustible materials may be collected and 
deposited, and at all times to be vigilant in taking care of the 
removal of the same, whenever, in the opinion of any two of them, 
the same may be dangerous to the security of the city from fires, 
and to direct the tenant or occupant of said shops or other places 
to remove the same ; and, in case of such tenant's or occupant's 
neglect or refusal so to do, to cause the same to be removed at 
the expense of such tenant or occupant, who shall, in addition, be 
liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars for such neglect or 
refusal, and any person who shall obstruct the engineers or any 
of them in carrying out the provisions of this section, shall also be 
liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars. It shall also be 
the duty of said engineers to take cognizance of, and to cause 
prosecution to be instituted in all cases of infraction of the laws 
relative to the erection of wooden buildings, or of any other laws 
or ordinances for the prevention of fire within the limits of the 
city. 

Sect. 36. The power of making and establishing rules and 
regulations for the transportation and keeping of gunpowder within 
the city of Boston, and of granting licenses for the keeping and 
sale thereof in the city, according to the provisions of an act en- 
titled " an act further regulating the storage, safe keeping, and 
transportation of gunpowder in the city of Boston," and of any 
other act or acts on the same subject, shall be exercised and per- 
formed by the chief and other engineers, and the power and duty 
of seizing any gunpowder kept or being within the city or harbor 
thereof, contrary to the provisions of the said act or acts, shall be 
exercised and performed by the said engineers or any of them ; 
and in case of any seizure being made by any engineer other than 
the chief, he shall forthwith report to the chief engineer, who 
shall cause said gunpowder to be libelled and prosecuted in the 
manner prescribed in the said acts ; and all the other powers and 



64 ORDINANCES. 

duties granted and enjoined in and by the said act or acts, 
shall be performed bj the said chief or one of the other engi- 
neers. 

Sect. 37. All moneys received for fines, forfeitures, and 
penalties arising under this ordinance and the laws of this Com- 
monwealth, regulating the storage and transportation of gun- 
powder, the erection of buildings within the city of Boston, and 
the prevention and extinguishment of fire, unless by such laws 
otherwise specially provided, shall be paid into the treasury of 
the city, to be applied in such way as is provided in the acts of 
this Commonwealth. 

Sect. 38. Every person who shall have served according to 
law in the fire department for seven successive years, shall be en- 
titled to receive a certificate thereof, signed by the mayor of said 
city ; and all persons who shall receive said certificate as afore- 
said shall be entitled to wear the badge of the department, and to 
do duty therein, when desired so to do by the mayor and alder- 
men, under such organization and management as they may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 39. There shall be paid annually to each member of 
the department such sums - as the city council may, from time to 
time, determine ; and in case of the temporary absence from the 
city of any member, for forty-eight hours or more, he shall pro- 
vide a substitute, to be approved by the foreman of his company, 
whose name he shall return to the clerk of the same, failing in 
which he shall forfeit one month's compensation, provided the 
same may be due him up to the time of such absence. 

Sect. 40. The members of the several companies shall not 
assemble in the houses entrusted to their care except for the pur- 
pose of nominating officers, taking the engine or apparatus on an 
alarm of fire, and of returning the same to the house, and taking 
the necessary care of said apparatus after its return. 

Sect. 41. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first day of July next ; and an ordinance " establishing a fire de- 
partment, and providing for preventing and extinguishing fires," 
passed June 4th, 1850, shall on said day expire and be thereafter 
of no effect and void, with the exception of the section thereof 
relating to the burning of chimneys, stove pipes or flues. And 
all officers and members of the Fire Department, appointed under 
said ordinance, shall on that day be removed therefrom, and shall 
be entitled to pay pro rata to that time. 

[Passed, June 2, 1851.] 



ORDINANCES. 65 



An Ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hospital. 

Sect. 1. The Board of Visitors of the Boston Lunatic Hos- 
pital shall elect annually, in the month of June, and whenever a 
vacancy may occur, some suitable physician as Superintendent of 
the said Hospital, who shall constantly reside at the same, and 
they shall prescribe his duties. He shall be removable at their 
pleasure, and shall receive such compensation as the city council 
may from time to time determine. The said Superintendent shall 
also perform the duties of Physician to the House of Correction, 
provided the Overseers of said House of Correction shall so elect. 

Sect. 2. An ordinance in relation to the Boston Lunatic Hos- 
pital, passed June 19th, 1851, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, July 7, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance providing for the care 
and management of the Boston Water Works. 

Sect. 1. The Cochituate Water Board shall have the like 
powers and perform the like duties in relation to the property, 
estates, rights, and privileges of the Boston Aqueduct Corpora- 
tion, now belonging to the City, which they have and perform in 
relation to the Boston Water Works by virtue of the Ordinance, 
to which this is in addition, passed October 31, 1850. 

Sect. 2. The said Water Board shall also have power to 
adopt such lawful regulations, establish such water rates, and 
make such agreements as they may deem expedient for the sale 
and delivery of the water from Jamaica Pond to any persons in 
the city of Roxbury. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the Water Registrar, under 
the direction of the said Water Board, to assess the amounts to 
be paid according to the said rates or agreements, and to make 
out and distribute bills therefor, and to perform the like duties in 
relation to the same as he is now required to do in relation to the 
said Boston Water Works. [Passed, Sept. 29, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

The second section of an Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance 
in addition to an Ordinance for the regulation of Faneuil Hall 
Market," passed on the thirtieth day of May, in the year 
eighteen hundred and fifty, and being section numbered twenty, 



66 ORDINANCES. 

on the one hundred and seventeenth page of the Revised Ordi- 
nances, is hereby repealed, and the seventh section of an ordi- 
nance for the regulation of said market, passed on the twenty- 
sixth day of October, in the year eighteen hundred and forty-six, 
and being section seven on the one hundred and twelfth and one 
hundred and thirteenth pages of the Revised Ordinances, is here- 
by revived, and shall be in full force and effect. 
[Passed, Dee. 29, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Police. 

Sect. 1. The police officers appointed by the mayor and alder- 
men, according to law, shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may determine. 

Sect. 2. The mayor, by and with the advice and consent of 
the aldermen, shall annually, in the month of May or June, ap- 
point one of said officers to be Chief of Police, who shall be re- 
movable by the mayor, and who shall give a bond to his satis- 
faction, in the sum of two thousand dollars, for the faithful 
performance of the duties of his office. 

Sect. 3. The said Chief of Police may appoint from said 
police officers one or more deputies, subject to the approval of the 
board of aldermen, who may act for him in his absenee by consent 
of the mayor. 

Sect. 4. The Chief of Police and his deputies shall receive 
such compensation respectively as the city council may deter- 
mine. 

Sect. 5. The Chief of Police shall have precedence and con- 
trol over constables and police officers, when engaged in the same 
service, and shall have the general superintendence over police 
officers, and may establish such rules and regulations as he may 
deem expedient, subject at all times to the approval of the mayor 
and aldermen. 

Sect. 6. The office of Chief of Police shall be open at all 
suitable times, under the direction of the board of aldermen, for 
the purpose of receiving complaints of the inhabitants respecting 
offences against the laws and ordinances, and he shall institute 
prosecutions in all proper cases, and shall attend to the trial of 
the same. 

Sect. 7. The said Chief of Police shall keep a correct record 
of all the doings of his office, and shall make a regular report 
thereof to the city council, as often as once in three months, and 
at such other times as they shall require. 

Sect. 8. The said Chief of Police shall devote his whole time 
to the municipal affairs of the city of Boston, to preserve the 



ORDINANCES. 67 

peace, order, and cleanliness thereof, and to this end he shall 
execute and enforce the special laws relating to the city, the 
orders of the city council, and the orders of the board of alder- 
men. 

Sect. 9. All and singular the duties now required by any 
ordinance of the city, or orders of the mayor and aldermen, to be 
performed by the City Marshal or his deputies, shall be per- 
formed by the Chief of Police and his deputies respectively. 

Sect. 10. The said Chief of Police shall take notice of all 
nuisances, impediments, and obstructions in the streets, lanes, 
alleys, courts, public places, and squares of the city, and shall 
remove the same, or take all proper measures in relation thereto, 
according to law, under the direction of the board of aldermen. 

Sect. 11. An ordinance providing for the appointment of a 
City Marshal, passed September 12, 1850, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, June 24, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Survey of Lumber. 

In all cases it shall be competent and lawful for the Surveyor 
General of Lumber to notify and direct his deputies in the survey 
of lumber in rotation, or in such other order or manner as he 
shall deem expedient, any thing in the Ordinances of the city to 
the contrary notwithstanding. Provided, however, that no deputy 
shall be allowed to survey for one person or firm more than forty 
days in any year ; and the Surveyor General shall keep a record 
of the time each deputy shall survey for any and all persons or 
firms, with the amount of fees received by each, which record 
shall at all times be open to the inspection of any member of the 
city council. \_Passed, July 12, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Sect. 1. The mayor, by and with the advice and consent of 
the aldermen, shall annually, in the month of June or July, and 
whenever a vacancy occurs, appoint a superintendent of Faneuil 
Hall Market, who shall be removable at his pleasure, and shall 
receive such compensation for his services as the city council 
shall annually direct. 

Sect. 2. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market shall, 
whenever authorized by the board of aldermen, employ one or 



68 ORDINANCES. 

more deputies, who shall be approved by the mayor, and who 
shall have power and authority to assist the Superintendent in 
the execution of his office, and, on any occasion when said Super- 
intendent is not present, to officiate for him in his stead, and to 
perform his duties ; but no deputy shall remain in office longer 
than during the approbation of .the mayor, and the said Super- 
intendent shall be responsible for the conduct of each of his 
deputies, and such deputies shall receive such compensation for 
their services as the city council shall annually direct. 

Sect. 3. The Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market and his 
deputies shall, under the control of the board of aldermen, have 
the care and superintendence of said market ; and it shall be 
their duty to preserve order in said market, to execute and carry 
into effect all the regulations, orders, and ordinances which may 
be duly made and established from time to time by the city 
council or the board of aldermen for the due regulation of the 
same ; and to keep open, at all hours of every market day, after 
the hour of 8 o'clock, A. M., the south part of South Market 
street, through the entire length of said street, to the width of 
thirty-five feet from the outside limits of the sidewalk of said 
South Market street. This space shall be kept open and unob- 
structed for the passage of vehicles ; and it shall be the duty of 
the Superintendent and his deputies to enter and prosecute com- 
plaints for any violation of said regulations, orders, and ordi- 
nances. 

Sect. 4. The limits of Faneuil Hall Market shall include the 
lower floor, porches, and cellars of the building called Faneuil 
Hall Market, and the streets on each side thereof, called North 
Market street and South Market street, except the northerly side- 
walk of North Market street, and the southerly sidewalk of South 
Market street, and shall also include all those parts of Commer- 
pial street and the street lying between the Market building and 
Faneuil Hall which lie between the inner lines of said sidewalks, 
extending easterly and westerly across said street. 

Sect. 5. The said Superintendent and his deputies, under 
the' direction of the board of aldermen, shall have the control of 
all carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles and carriages within 
the limits of Faneuil Hall Market, and may assign stands within 
the limits of the said market for the sale of provisions and other 
articles ; and no person shall occupy any stand other than such 
as may be assigned him, or keep any cart, wagon, sleigh, or other 
vehicle or carriage, horse, or other beast, within the limits of said 
market, for any longer space of time, or shall range or locate 
them in any other manner or form than such as may be directed 
by said Superintendent or either of his deputies ; and said Super- 
intendent and his deputies shall have power and authority to 
remove from place to place, within the limits (if the owners or 



ORDINANCES. 69 

possessors thereof neglect or refuse, after request, so to remove 
them, or if the owner or possessor be absent therefrom), all such 
carts, wagons, sleighs, vehicles and carriages, with their contents 
remaining therein, and all horses and other beasts, as shall be 
ranged or formed in any other manner than as directed by said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, and the owner or person 
having charge of any cart, wagon, sleigh, other vehicles or car- 
riages, or any box, barrel, cask, crate, basket, package, tub, or 
other vessel, whether empty or not, occupying any place within 
the limits of said market, shall, when directed by said Superin- 
tendent or either of his deputies, remove the same, with their 
contents, or cause the same with their contents to be removed 
without delay (either without the limits of such market or to 
such place within the same), as the said Superintendent or either 
of his deputies may direct ; and in case of neglect or refusal so 
to do by such owner or possessor, or the absence of them, so that 
the direction to remove cannot be given by said Superintendent 
or either of his deputies and immediately complied with, the owner 
or possessor thereof, besides being liable to the penalty herein- 
after mentioned for violation of this ordinance, shall be liable to 
pay the expense of such removal by the Superintendent or either 
of his deputies, and the keeping of the same, and shall not be 
entitled to re-delivery or possession of such property so removed 
by the Superintendent or either of his deputies, until the expenses 
of such removal and keeping are paid ; and if said expenses are 
not paid within twenty-four hours after such removal, so much of 
said property so removed may be sold at public auction, after 
being advertised for twenty-four hours, as may be necessary to 
produce the amount in money of said expenses of the removal and 
keeping, and the cost and charges of the sale and advertising 
thereof; and the residue of said property shall be subject to the 
disposal of the owner or person having charge thereof. 

Sect. 6. All horses and other beasts shall be taken from the 
carts, wagons, sleighs, and other vehicles having provisions or 
articles of any kind for sale therein, and which shall stand within 
the limits aforesaid, and the same shall be conducted to a stable 
or otherwise removed from said limits by the owner or driver 
having charge of the same ; and it shall be lawful for the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, whenever he or either 
of them shall find any cart, wagon, sleigh, or vehicle, or other 
carriage, or any ox, horse, or other beast standing or being within 
the said limits, in a manner or in a place not authorized by law 
and by the ordinances of said city, and not permitted by the con- 
sent and direction of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, 
or abandoned and left unprotected, or found within the limits of 
the market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, to cause 
such cart, wagon, sleigh, vehicle, or other carriage, with its con- 



70 ORDINANCES. 

tents therein, and such ox, horse, or other beast, to be conducted 
to some stable or other suitable place, and the owner or person 
having the care or keeping thereof, shall be^liable to pay, before 
the re-delivery thereof to him, the entire cost and expense of the 
removal and keeping thereof during the time it shall be in said 
stable or other suitable place, together with such further sum of 
money to the city, not exceeding two dollars, for the trouble 
arising in that behalf, as the said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies shall demand, the same to be paid to and accounted for 
by said Superintendent or his deputies to said City. 

Sect. 7. No person shall at any time, without the permission 
of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, occupy any 
stand within the limits of said market, with cart, wagon, sleigh, 
vehicle, carriage, bench, box, basket, barrel, cask, crate, tub, or 
other vessel or otherwise, for the purpose of vending any articles 
within the limits of said market, unless he shall, before selling or 
offering for sale such articles, satisfy the Superintendent or either 
of his deputies, upon the request of either of them, by his own 
certificate or otherwise, that all the said articles, enumerating 
them, are the produce of his own farm or some farm not more 
distant than ten miles from his own dwelling house ; and every 
person occupying any such stand in any of the abovementioned 
manners, or with any of said carriages or vessels, contrary to the 
provisions of this ordinance, shall, when directed by the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies, forthwith remove without 
the limits of said market, and cause his cart or other carriage, 
and all his boxes and other vessels, with their contents also, to be 
removed out of the limits of said market ; and if said certificate 
be false, the signer thereof shall forfeit and pay a penalty not 
exceeding twenty dollars, and also the said Superintendent and 
his deputies shall have power and authority to remove the same in 
the manner provided in the fifth and sixth sections of this ordi- 
nance, or either of them. The Superintendent or his deputies, 
under the direction of the board of aldermen, may assign stands, 
allowing them to be taken the evening previous to any one market 
day, to those persons who come a distance greater than fifteen 
miles from Boston with produce for the market. 

Sect. 8. When any person occupying any stand in the streets 
within the limits of said market, shall employ any agent or ser- 
vant to sell in said market any articles for him or on his account, 
such servant or agent shall not sell any articles upon account of 
or for any other person than the person so employing him, nor 
shall any person occupying a stand as aforesaid, or his servant or 
agent, be permitted to purchase any provisions or other articles 
within the limits of said market for the purpose of selling the 
same therein again, or exposing the same therein for sale, or per- 
mitting any person to sell the same for him therein ; nor shall he 



ORDINANCES. 71 

be permitted to sell within said limits, or expose for sale therein, 
any provisions or other articles for or on account of any person 
not entitled to a stand therein by the terms of this ordinance. 

Sect. 9. All the butter brought -within the limits of said 
market for sale shall be sold by weight, and if it is in lumps each 
lump shall contain one or more even or integral pounds, half or 
quarter pounds, weight ; and the Superintendent and his deputies 
shall have power and authority to take and weigh all butter in 
lumps so exposed for sale in said market, and if found deficient in 
weight to destroy the form of said lumps. 

Sect. 10. If any person shall, within the limits of said mar- 
ket, sell or offer to sell, or exhibit for sale, any article which 
shall be deficient in the weight or measure for which he sells the 
same, or offers or exhibits the same for sale, or shall practice any 
fraudulent dealing within said limits, and shall be convicted thereof 
or shall be convicted of any breach of this ordinance, or either of 
the offences enumerated in it, he shall not be permitted to use or 
hire a stall, or have or occupy a stand within the limits of said 
market, either as principal, servant or agent, for the purpose of 
selling or offering for sale any articles in said market, for the 
term of one year from and after such conviction, unless specially 
authorized by the board of aldermen so to do, after such con- 
viction, and their knowledge of the same. 

Sect. 11. The several stalls in said market shall be leased to 
the respective occupants by written leases, the conditions of which 
shall be prescribed by the board of aldermen ; and the rent 
thereof, together with the rent of the cellars under said stalls, 
shall be paid to the said Superintendent of the market, or to such 
person as the mayor, by and with the advice and consent of the 
aldermen, shall appoint, and at such times as the board of alder- 
men shall determine ; and such lessees shall not underlet the same 
or any part of said stalls or cellars, nor permit the same, nor 
any part thereof, to be occupied by any other person without 
the assent of the said board of aldermen, under the penalty of for- 
feiting the right to their respective cellars, stalls, and leases. 

Sect. 12. The said lessees shall not throw, or permit to be 
thrown, or to remain within the precincts of their respective stalls, 
any offal, animal substance, scrapings, or any kind of dirt, filth, 
useless or offensive matter, but shall fortlrwith remove the same 
or cause the same to be deposited in some tight vessel, to be 
approved of by the said Superintendent or either of his deputies, 
and to be removed by said lessee as the said Superintendent or 
either of his deputies shall direct. 

Sect. 13. No person shall throw or sweep any offal, animal 
or vegetable substance, scrapings or sweepings, damaged salt or 
pickle, or foul water from the stalls or cellars into the passage- 
ways or on the sidewalks, or into the streets adjoining said 



72 ORDINANCES. 

market house, at any time during the day or night. Nor shall 
any person within the limits of said market sell or offer to sell or 
expose for sale, or have in his possession, any meat, fish, bread, 
vegetables, tallow, skins, pelts, poultry, or other articles, which in 
the opinion of said Superintendent or either of his deputies, shall 
be diseased, corrupted, tainted or unwholesome ; but such person 
shall, when directed by said Superintendent or either of his depu- 
ties, forthwith remove all such articles from said limits to such 
suitable place as the said Superintendent or either of his deputies 
shall order ; and if such person shall refuse or neglect to comply 
with such direction, -or if the owner or person having charge of 
such articles be absent for more than one hour's time, the said 
Superintendent or either of his deputies shall forthwith remove 
the same, or cause the same to be removed from said limits to 
such suitable place as aforesaid, at the expense of such person ; 
and if in the judgment of said Superintendent or either of his 
deputies, it shall be necessary for the public health, it shall be 
their duty to destroy the same ; and if any person shall hinder, 
obstruct or molest said Superintendent or any of his deputies in 
the premises, he shall forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding twenty 
dollars for each offence. 

Sect. 14. When the lessee of any stall, or occupant of any 
cellar in said market house, shall from any cause whatever vacate 
the same, or shall receive notice from the board of aldermen to 
vacate the same, or shall neglect or refuse to pay his rent for the 
space of twenty-four hours, or shall neglect or refuse to comply 
with any regulations established for the good order and cleanli- 
ness of the said market house, and its entries, passageways, side- 
walks and the streets adjoining said house, the stall or stalls and 
cellar of such lessee shall thereupon revert to the city, and be at 
the disposal of the board of aldermen. 

Sect. 15. No person shall, within the walls of Faneuil Hall 
Market House, or on the sidewalks of the same, or within the 
aforesaid limits of the said market, play at any game, or lie down 
or sleep, or behave in a disorderly, noisy, or riotous manner ; nor 
shall any person within the limits of said market smoke-, or have 
in his possession any lighted pipe or segar. And it shall be the 
duty of the said Superintendent and his deputies to prevent idle 
and disorderly persons, itinerant pedlers, and transient persons 
selling newspapers, matches or other articles, or making outcries 
or noises, from frequenting or tarrying in said market house or 
within the limits of said market, and to cause all such persons so 
offending to be removed and to be prosecuted. 

Sect. 16. No horse or other beast, and no cart, wagon, sleigh 
or other vehicle, shall be permitted to stand within the limits of 
said market on any part of the Lord's day or evening, nor shall 
any person continue to do any business within the limits of said 



ORDINANCES. 73 

market on any week day after the sunsetting of such day, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, nor on any evening after the closing of the market 
house ; and if any person shall place or leave any wagon, cart, 
sleigh or other vehicle, box, barrel, crate, cask, or other vessel, 
empty or otherwise, within the limits of said market on any part 
of the Lord's day or evening, or any week day after sunset, ex- 
cepting on the evenings immediately preceding Thanksgiving and 
Christmas days, or on any evening after the closing of the market 
house, he shall forfeit a penalty not exceeding twenty dollars ; 
and the said Superintendent or either of his deputies may cause 
the same to be removed, in the manner provided in the fifth and 
sixth sections of this ordinance or either of them. 

Sect. 17. Lessees of stalls and occupants of stands shall not 
incumber the main passage-way or cross passages within the said 
market house, nor the passage-ways outside of said house in front 
of the door- ways and leading into the middle of the streets, nor 
any of the avenues leading to and from the said market, with any 
casks, barrels, meat, or other articles or incumbrances. 

Sect. 18. Any person may offer and sell, from house to house, 
in any of the public streets, lanes, alleys, or squares in the city, 
from out of carts, wagons or sleighs, any meat, poultry, vegetables, 
fruit or other articles of provisions on all days when Faneuil Hall 
Market is open ; subject, however, to any order of the mayor and 
aldermen respecting the standing of carriages in the streets, and 
to the ordinances regulating the sale of provisions and the throw- 
ing of offal into the streets. No person, unless duly authorized 
by the board of aldermen, shall place any stall, bench, box, 
basket, barrel, block or table, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, 
squares, or public places of the city, on which to exhibit any arti- 
cles of meat, poultry, vegetables, or other articles of provisions, 
for sale. 

Sect. 19. During the two days next preceding the annual 
Thanksgiving and Christmas, and during the evening market 
hours of the day preceding the annual Thanksgiving and Christ- 
mas, any person may be allowed to retail within the limits of 
Faneuil Hall Market, any provisions of any kind, wherever ob- 
tained, either from cart, wagon, or other vehicle, or from any box, 
basket, barrel, bench or table, provided they shall occupy such 
stand, thus to retail and sell, as the Superintendent or either of 
his deputies may assign to them, and conforming to, and subject 
to the same regulations and penalties, as intended and expressed 
in the several sections of this ordinance. 

Sect. 20. Every person offending against any of the pro- 
visions of this ordinance, shall, in addition to the penalties before 
prescribed, forfeit and pay a sum not less than two dollars, nor 
more than fifty dollars, to be recovered on complaint before the 



74 ORDINANCES. 

Police Court of the City of Boston ; but in no case shall all the 
penalties for one offence exceed the sum of twenty dollars. 

Sect. 21. The said Superintendent shall pay over all moneys 
by him received to the city treasurer, and shall make a quarterly 
report to the board of aldermen of all sums so received and paid 
over 

Sect. 22. An Ordinance providing for the appointment of 
a Clerk of Faneuil Hall Market, passed October 14, 1833, 
and any other Ordinance inconsistent herewith, is hereby re- 
pealed. Provided, however, that the passage of this Ordinance 
shall not affect any act done or any right accruing or accrued, or 
established, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any 
civil case, nor any offence committed, nor any penalty or forfeiture 
incurred, nor any suit or prosecution pending for any offence 
committed, or for the recovery of any penalty or forfeiture in- 
curred under any of said Ordinances hereby repealed; and all 
persons who hold any office under said Ordinance shall continue 
to hold the same according to the tenor thereof, and no Ordinance 
which has heretofore been repealed, shall be revived by the repeal 
before mentioned. [Passed, September 9, 1852 ] 



An Ordinance to establish the office of Messenger to the City 

Council. 

Sect. 1. There shall be annually chosen in the month of 
April or May, by concurrent vote of both branches of the city 
council, a Messenger to the city council, who shall hold his office 
for one year and until another is chosen in his place, subject to 
removal at any time by the city council. 

Sect. 2. The said officer shall devote his whole time to the 
service of the city, and shall attend all meetings of the board of 
aldermen and of the common council and of the grammar and 
primary school committees. He shall have the general care 
and custody of the City Hall and of the various apartments 
thereof. He shall wait upon all committees and boards when in 
session at the City Hall, and, in general, shall perform all services 
required by the mayor, by either branch of the city council, or by 
such committees or boards. 

Sect. 3. The said officer shall appoint an assistant subject to 
the approval of the city council, who shall hold his office one year 
unless sooner removed by him or by the city council. 

Sect. 4. The said Messenger and his assistant shall receive 
such compensation as the city council may from time to time 
determine. [Passed, October 14, 1852.] 



ORDINANCES. 75 



An Ordinance in relation to the Public Library. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
January, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city 
council, one member of the board of aldermen, one member of the 
common council, and five citizens at large, to constitute a Board 
of Trustees for the Public Library, who shall hold their offices 
until others are chosen in their places, and any vacancy in said 
board shall be filled immediately, as aforesaid. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet and organize 
themselves into a board by the choice of one of their number as 
President, and they may make such rules and regulations for 
their own government and in relation to subordinate officers by 
them appointed, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The said Trustees shall have the general care and 
control of the Public Library and of the expenditure of all 
moneys appropriated therefor ; they may make such rules and 
regulations in relation to the same and may appoint such subordi- 
nate officers, as they may consider necessary and expedient, and 
may fix their compensation, provided that the same shall not ex- 
ceed in the whole, the sum appropriated therefor by the city 
council. But the provisions mentioned in this section shall at all 
times be subject to any limitations or restrictions by the city 
council. 

Sect. 4. The said Trustees, on or before the 15th of Novem- 
ber annually, shall present to the city council a report containing 
a statement of the condition of the Library, the number of books 
that have been added during the past year, with an account of all 
receipts and expenditures, together with such information or sug- 
gestions as they may deem important, and they shall at the same 
time transmit to the city council the annual report of the exami- 
nation of the Library hereinafter mentioned. 

Sect. 5. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
October, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by concurrent vote of 
the two branches of the city council, a Librarian for the City 
Library, who shall be a citizen of Boston, and who shall hold his 
office until a successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall 
be removable at the pleasure of the city council, and shall receive 
such compensation as the council may determine. 

Sect. 6. The Librarian shall have the immediate care and 
custody of the Public Library ; he shall perform any and all of 
the services in relation to the same, and shall obey all rules that 
may be prescribed by the said Trustees, and he shall act as their 
secretary, and shall keep full and accurate records of all their 
doings as a board. 



76 ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 7. The Trustees shall annually appoint a committee of 
five citizens at large, who together 'with a Trustee as chairman, 
shall examine the Library and make report of its condition to the 
Trustees. 

Sect. 8. No payment of money shall be made on account 
of the Library, except by order of the board and in pursuance of a 
warrant signed by the President. 

Sect. 9. A letter of acknowledgment signed by the President 
and countersigned by the Librarian, shall be promptly returned to 
each person making a donation to the Library. 

Sect. 10. In prescribing the regulations relative to the care 
and use of the books, it shall be the duty of the Trustees to adopt 
such measures as shall extend the benefits of the institution as 
widely as practicable throughout the community. 
[Passed, Oct. 14, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Dogs. 

The fee for a license, which is required to be paid to the City 
Clerk by the second section of an Ordinance restraining the going 
at large of Dogs within the City of Boston, passed June 4, 1850, 
shall hereafter be paid to the Chief of Police, and all acts required 
by said Ordinance to be done by the City Clerk, shall hereafter be 
performed by the said Chief of Police. [Passed, Deo. 20, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an " Ordinance in relation to the 
Common, the Public Squares, and Public Fountains of the 
City," passed May 13, 1850. 

Sect. 1. No person, except by permission of the mayor and 
aldermen, shall climb, break, peel, cut, deface, either by posting 
up bills of any description or otherwise, remove, injure, or destroy, 
any of the Trees growing, or which shall hereafter be planted on 
the Common, or either of the Malls adjoining the Common, or on 
the Common Lands of the city, or in any street, or public place 
of the city ; and no person shall in any way fasten any horse or 
other animal to any of said trees, or allow any horse or other 
animal owned by him, or uiider his control, to stand so near to the 
same that they may be gnawed or otherwise injured by any horse 
or other animal so fastened or permitted to stand. 



ORDINANCES. 77 

Sect. 2. Any person "who shall offend against any of the pro- 
visions of this Ordinance, shall be liable to the penalty prescribed 
in the Ordinance to which this is in addition. 

Sect. 3. The fifth section of " An Ordinance in relation to 
the Common, the Public Squares and Public Fountains of the 
City, passed May 13, 1850," is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, Dec. 27, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to the Fire 
Department, passed June 2d, 1851. 

Sect. 1. The term of service for the members of the Fire 
Department shall commence on the first day of the month, and 
shall continue for periods of six months each. And every officer 
or member who shall not serve the whole of said period of six 
months, except in cases of sickness, death, or removal from the 
city, or who shall be removed therefrom for cause, shall forfeit 
any and all compensation that would otherwise have been due to 
him at the time when such service ceased, or such removal took" 
place. 

Sect. 2. Every company shall have a foreman, an assistant 
foreman, a clerk, and a steward, who shall be nominated annually 
in the month of January by the members of the Board of Engi- 
neers ; and being by them approved,' their names shall be sent to 
the board of aldermen for approval or rejection, and in case of 
rejection, another person shall be nominated as aforesaid before 
the next meeting of the said board ; and these officers, when 
elected, shall receive certificates of appointment, signed by the 
mayor, if he approve thereof, and shall hold their places until re- 
moved, or others are appointed in their stead. 

Sect. 3. No company shall be allowed to impose fines upon 
its members ; but it shall be the duty of the clerk of- each com- 
pany to enter in the roll book provided by the city, all absence 
and tardiness of each officer and member of said company ; and 
to make a monthly return of the same to the Board of Engineers. 
And for every absence or tardiness, except in case of sickness, 
there shall be deducted from the pay of such officer or member 
the sum of twenty-five cents, which amount so deducted shall be 
paid over at the end of each month to the treasurer of the com- 
pany to which the member so fined shall belong, to meet the inci- 
dental expenses of the company. And if any officer or member 
shall have been absent or tardy at more than one-third of the 
fires, or alarms of fires, except in case of sickness, during the 



78 ORDINANCES. 

month, such absence or tardiness shall be considered good cause 
for his discharge from the Department, if more than five. 

Sect. 4. The 12th, 13th and 28th sections of the Ordinance 
entitled " An Ordinance establishing a Fire Department, and pro- 
viding for preventing and extinguishing fires," passed on the 
second day of June, in the year one thousand eight hundred and 
fifty-one, are hereby repealed. [Passed, Dec. 81, 1852.] 



An Ordinance in relation, to the weighing and marking of Lighters 
and other vessels employed in the transportation of certain 
articles. 

[Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually in the month of 
March or April, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the 
city council, one or more weighers and one or more inspectors of 
Lighters and other vessels employed in the transportation of 
stones, gravel, sand or other ballast, who shall hold their offices 
one year and until others are chosen in their places. They shall 
severally have power to appoint one or. more assistants subject to 
the approval of the city council, and shall be removable at the 
pleasure of the city council.] 

Sect. 2. Lighters and other vessels employed in the trans- 
portation of stones, gravel or sand, or other ballast, shall be 
marked on the stern and stem post with a good and sufficient iron 
bolt, driven through said stem and stern post, and clinched. 
From the centre of the head of said bolt, all other marks shall 
take their distance in feet, inches and parts of inches, as the dis- 
tance may require, from the centre of the head of the said sta- 
tionary bolts to the lower edge of the other marks, which marks 
shall be as follows, namely, light water marks not less than four 
inches in length and one inch and a half in breadth ; and every 
four tons above said light water marks, legibly cut or cast in 
figures of 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and so forth, up to the full capacity 
of the Lighter or vessel, and said figures shall express the weight 
which such vessel is capable of carrying, when the lower part of 
the respective numbers aforesaid shall touch the water, and shall 
be fastened on the stem and stern post of each Lighter or vessel 
with sufficient nails not less than one inch in length ; and other 
marks shall be set on the stern and stem post of every Lighter or 
vessel between every two marks, that the tonnage of the same 
may be distinguished by a regular progression of two tons. 



Section 1, in brackets, repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 79 

Sect. 3. Every sucli weigher shall furnish all the requisite 
marks and nails when thereto requested, and shall cause all such 
Lighters and other vessels to be weighed and marked in con- 

• •11' 

formity with the provisions of the preceding section : and during 
the time of so weighing and marking, all the persons on board of 
such Lighter or vessel shall be stationed between the bulk head 
and the fore chains thereof. The weigher shall keep a correct 
account of the distance of each mark from the centre of the head 
of the stationary bolts in feet, inches and parts of inches, in a 
book to be kept for that purpose, and shall give a certificate 
thereof, expressing the distances as aforesaid, to the master of 
every such Lighter or vessel weighed and marked as aforesaid. 

Sect. 4. In taking the tonnage of every such Lighter or ves- 
sel, a deduction may be made, after such vessel shall have dis- 
charged its loading, of one ton for each and every ton the light 
water marks may be under water. 

Sect. 5. Every person, on board of any Lighter or vessel, 
who shall not keep within the bounds of the bulk head and fore 
chains during the time of taking her marks, unless in case of abso- 
lute necessity, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars for 
every offence. 

Sect. 6. In case of the sale, by weight, of stones, gravel, 
sand, or other ballast, to be delivered at any place in the city of 
Boston, or into any vessel in the harbor of said city, it shall be 
the duty of one of said inspectors, upon application by either the 
purchaser or seller thereof, to go on board of the Lighter or other 
vessel containing the same, and inspect the marks of such Lighter 
or other vessel before and after the delivery of such stones, gravel, 
sand, or other ballast, and the persons having charge of such 
Lighter or other vessel for inspection of which application shall 
have been made as aforesaid, shall, before such delivery, trim the 
same, so as to make said Lighter or other vessel swim at equal 
marks at the stem and stern, and shall pump all the water out : 
and in case any person shall wilfully hinder any inspector acting 
under this ordinance from going on board such Lighter or other 
vessel, or shall begin to deliver therefrom the stones, gravel, sand, 
or other ballast sold by weight, before such Lighter or other ves- 
sel shall be trimmed to swim at equal marks and the water pumped 
out, he shall forfeit not exceeding one hundred dollars for every 
such offence. 

Sect. 7. Every person who shall deliver stones, gravel, sand, 
or other ballast sold by weight when the inspection of the same 
shall have been demanded as is provided in the preceding section, 
or when an inspection of the same is required by this ordinance, 
from any Lighter or other vessel which shall not have been 
weighed, marked and inspected, as is provided in this ordinance, 
or which shall not have been weighed and marked under the pre- 



80 ORDINANCES. 

vious law or ordinance, or shall alter or counterfeit the marks or 
certificate of any Lighter or other vessel as aforesaid, shall forfeit 
a sum not exceeding three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 8. Every weigher appointed as aforesaid, shall be enti- 
tled to receive, from the owner or master of each Lighter or other 
vessel weighed and marked by him as aforesaid, the following 
fees to wit : fifteen cents for every ton of such vessel, and three 
dollars for furnishing marks, nails and bolts, and other necessary 
articles, and fastening the same ; and for giving the certificate, 'as 
before provided, he shall receive one dollar and fifty cents : "pro- 
vided, that no Lighter or other vessel which has been once 
weighed and marked under this or the former law or ordinance, 
by the weigher of the city of Boston, shall be subject to any 
charge for a second weighing or marking, unless it shall appear 
that her former weight or marks are incorrect or have been 
changed ; and all such Lighters or vessels shall be subject to the 
examination and inspection of every weigher or inspector, without 
charge for the purpose of ascertaining whether their weight and 
marks are correct or have been altered. 

[Sect. 9. It shall be the duty of the inspectors to give a 
certificate, in such form as is hereinafter provided, to the owner 
or vender of all the stones, sand, gravel or other ballast inspected 
under the provisions of this ordinance, and to keep an account of 
all articles inspected in v a book, which shall always be kept open 
to the inspection of owners, venders or purchasers of stone, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast sold by Aveight.] 

Sect. 10. The accounts to be kept by said inspector, and the 
certificates to be given to the owners or venders of stones, sand, 
gravel or other ballast, as described in the preceding sections, 
shall specify the name of the vender, the kind of ballast, sand, or 
gravel, or other stone, the weight and the deduction of light water 
marks, the amount of fees received, and the date of certificate. 

[Sect. 11. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, sand, 
gravel, or other ballast, shall be three cents for every ton in- 
spected and ■ delivered, which shall in all cases be paid by the 
vender of the same.] 

Sect. 12. The inspectors appointed as aforesaid, shall keep 
an office, and keep the same open, from sunrise to sunset, with 
liberty to close the same from seven to eight o'clock in the fore- 
noon, during the months of April, May, June, July, August, and 
September, and from eight to nine o'clock during the other six 
months, and from one to two o'clock in the afternoon through the 
whole year, Sundays, Public Fasts, Thanksgivings, and the 
Anniversary of American Independence excepted. 



Sections 9 and 11, in brackets, repealed by a subsequent ordinance. 



ORDINANCES. 81 

Sect. 13. Every owner or master of any such vessel who 
shall neglect to have the same weighed, marked, and examined, 
according to the provisions of this or the former law or ordinance, 
or who shall remove any marks or alter his certificate, shall for- 
feit a sum not exceeding three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 14. Every such weigher who shall be guilty of placing 
any such mark, contrary to the provisions of this ordinance, or 
who shall give a false certificate, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding 
three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 15. The master of any Lighter or vessel that has bal- 
last for sale shall, on arrival, report himself to the office of the 
inspector. 

Sect. 16. The master of any Lighter or vessel that has stones, 
sand, gravel, or other ballast for sale, shall produce for exami- 
nation the certificate of marks and measurements of his vessel 
whenever the same shall be demanded by the inspector, and in 
case of neglect or refusal to produce them he shall forfeit a sum 
not exceeding fifty dollars. 

Sect. 17. No officer or agent of the city of Boston shall pur- 
chase any stones, gravel, sand or other ballast for said city, or 
make any contract therefor, or accept the delivery of the same, 
unless the same shall have been, or before the delivery thereof 
shall be, weighed and inspected according to the provisions of 
this ordinance, and a certificate thereof given as is hereinbefore 
provided ; and no bill against the city, arising out of or connected 
with any such purchase, shall be approved or allowed by any 
committee, passed by the auditor or paid by the treasurer, unless 
the said certificate shall accompany the bill for the same. 

Sect. 18. This ordinance shall take effect immediately on its 
passage, and the officers herein mentioned may be chosen forth- 
with : provided, that no person who is owner or agent, in whole 
or in part, of any Lighter or vessel, or who has any interest 
therein, having stones, gravel, sand, or other ballast for sale, 
shall be chosen or shall continue to be an officer under this ordi- 
nance. 

Sect. 19. The " Ordinance in relation to the weighing and 
marking of Lighters and other vessels employed in the transport- 
ation of certain articles," passed on the 27th of December, 1852, 
is hereby repealed. [Passed, April 14, 1853.] 



82 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance providing for the care and management of the 
Public Lands. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen by concurrent vote of the two 
branches of the city council, in the month of January or Febru- 
ary, one alderman, one member of the common council, and five 
citizens at large, to constitute the Board of Public Land Commis- 
sioners, the first two to hold their offices for one year, or until 
removed or others are chosen in their places, and the last five for 
five years, or until removed or others are chosen in their places. 
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the 
first election, the persons chosen at large shall be divided into five 
classes : the seats of the first class shall be vacated at the expira- 
tion of the first year, of the second class at the expiration of the 
second year, of the third class at the expiration of the third year, 
of the fourth class at the expiration of the fourth year, of the 
fifth class at the expiration of the fifth year ; so that one-fifth 
may be chosen each year ; and they and each of these commis- 
sioners shall be removable at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. The persons so chosen shall meet and organize 
themselves into a Board, by the choice of a president from their 
own number, and of a clerk, and they may make such rules and 
regulations for their own government and in relation to all subor- 
dinate officers by them appointed, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. The said Board may appoint all necessary subordi- 
nate officers, agents, and assistants, and may fix their compen- 
sation and that of the clerk before mentioned. 

Sect. 4. The said Board, on or before the fifteenth day of 
December annually, shall present to the city council a report, 
containing a statement of the condition of all the public lands and 
other property connected therewith, with an account of all re- 
ceipts, expenditures, and sales, together with any information or 
suggestions which they may deem expedient ; and they shall, at 
the same time, transmit to the city council the report of the Super- 
intendent of Public Lands, hereinafter mentioned. 

Sect. 5. The said Board shall have the care and management 
of the public lands belonging to the city, so far as relates to the 
improvement, sale, and disposal of the same, subject to the limit- 
ations mentioned in this and other ordinances of the city, and to 
such rules, orders, and regulations as the city council may from 
time to time adopt. 

Sect. 6. The said Board are authorized to lay out and make 
such streets, passage ways, and squares on the public lands, to 
lay such sewers therein, and to make such alterations in the lots, 
as they may deem expedient, subject to the approval of the 
mayor and aldei'mem 



ORDINANCES. 83 

Sect. 7. No member of the said Board, and no person ap- 
pointed to any office or employed by virtue of this ordinance, 
shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract, bargain, 
sale, or agreement in relation to the public lands, or any matter 
or thing connected therewith, wherein the city is interested, with- 
out an express vote of the city council ; and any and all contracts, 
bargains, sales, or agreements, made in violation of this section, 
shall be utterly void as to the city. 

Sect. 8. There shall be chosen annually, in the month of 
April or May, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by concurrent 
vote of the two branches of the city council, a superintendent of 
public lands, who shall hold his 'office until a successor is ap- 
pointed or he is removed. He shall be removable at the pleasure 
of the city council, and shall receive such compensation as the 
said council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 9. The said superintendent, before entering on the 
duties of his office, shall give bond, with one or more sureties, to 
the approbation of the mayor, with condition that he will not, 
directly or indirectly, for himself or others, or by others in trust 
for him or on his account, have any interest or concern in any 
purchase, lease, contract, or agreement to be made in pursuance 
of this ordinance. 

Sect. 10. The said superintendent shall devote himself to the 
care, improvement, and sale of the public lands, and, under the 
direction of the said Board, shall cause them to be surveyed and 
laid out into convenient lots, and contract for the sale and actually 
sell or lease the same at public or private sale. But this and the 
sixth section shall not apply to the Common, the land and flats 
west of Charles Street, Deer Island, the lands connected with the 
public institutions at South Boston, or to any other lands pur- 
chased or held for specific purposes, unless by special vote of the 
city council. 

Sect. 11. The said superintendent may, under the direction 
of the said Board, contract and agree for defraying in part or in 
whole the cost or expense incident, to or arising out of the per- 
formance of any acts which he is by this ordinance authorized to do 
and perform, by transfer of lands to the contracting parties, in lieu 
of money, when the same can be done with advantage to the City. 

Sect. 12. The said superintendent shall at all times perform 
such services as may be required of him by the mayor, the board 
of aldermen, or the common council, in the laying out, alteration, 
or widening of streets, and in the trial or settlement of any and 
all claims for damages, in consequence of such laying out, alter- 
ation, or widening, and in the care and improvement of the Com- 
mon and public squares. 

Sect. 13. The said superintendent shall, at least once in 
three months, and as often as required, make a true and correct 



84 ORDINANCES. 

report of his proceedings under this ordinance, and exhibit proper 
schedules and accounts of all lands sold, moneys received, and 
securities taken, to the board of aldermen, which shall be by 
them sent to the common council. 

Sect. 14. The said superintendent shall keep an accurate 
record or account of all the vacant lands belonging to the city ; 
and whenever any land shall be purchased by the city, for any 
purpose, it shall be the duty of the person or persons so purchas- 
ing the same to make report thereof forthwith to the said super- 
intendent. 

Sect. 15. All contracts, deeds, conveyances, and leases, 
made by virtue of this ordinance, shall be signed and executed by 
the mayor, in the same manner as if the same were made by 
order of the city council, and shall be countersigned by the said 
superintendent and by the president of the Board of Public Land 
Commissioners. 

Sect. 16. In case the mayor shall refuse to execute any con- 
tract, deed, conveyance, or lease made in pursuance of this ordi- 
nance, he shall, within ten days of such refusal, send his reasons 
therefor to the said Board, and the same shall be entered at 
length on their records ; and no such contract, deed, conveyance, 
or lease shall be valid or binding on the city unless signed and 
executed by the mayor. 

Sect. 17. In case the superintendent of public lands, or the 
president of the said Board, shall refuse to countersign any con- 
tract, deed, conveyance, or lease made by virtue of this ordinance, 
the same shall be effectual and binding on the city, if executed by 
the mayor and countersigned by either of said officers, and also 
by five members of the said Board. 

Sect. 18. All money agreed to be paid by any purchaser or 
lessee of the public lands, and all notes, bonds, mortgages, and 
securities for moneys, arising or accruing from or in virtue of any 
contract made by said superintendent, shall be paid to and de- 
posited with the treasurer. 

Sect. 19. No conveyance of any estate in fee or for life in 
any lands belonging to the city, shall be delivered until the pur- 
chase money is paid or secured by a mortgage of the same land 
or other land of equal value ; and the mayor may from time to 
time release to any mortgagor or his assigns any part of the 
mortgaged premises, on payment of an equivalent portion of the 
purchase money. And in all cases where lands other than those 
gold are proposed to be taken as collateral security, the consent 
and approbation of the mayor in writing shall be first obtained. 

Sect. 20. There shall be no expenditure of money, or con- 
tract requiring the expenditure of money to be made, under or by 
virtue of this ordinance, without the sanction of the city council, 
by an appropriation first made to meet such expenditure. 



ORDINANCES. 85 

Sect. 21. This ordinance shall take effect from and after the 
first of June next, and the first election of the Board of Public 
Land Commissioners may be made within three monthsof the 
passage hereof. 

Sect. 22. An ordinance entitled " An Ordinance concerning 
the Public Lands,*' passed July 22, 1850, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, April 14, 1853.] 



An Ordinance to establish the office of a Superintendent of Health. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually, in the month of 
January or February, and whenever a vacancy occurs, by con- 
current vote of the two branches of the city council, a Superin- 
tendent of the Health Department, who shall hold his office until 
a successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall be removable 
at the pleasure of the city council, and shall receive such com- 
pensation as the said council may from time to time determine. 

Sect. 2. The said Superintendent is authorized to appoint an 
assistant, to act under his control and direction, who shall be 
approved by the board of aldermen, and who shall receive such 
compensation as the city council may from time to time determine. 
The said assistant may be removed at any time by the said Super- 
intendent or the board of aldermen. 

Sect. 3. The said Superintendent shall attend at his office a 
portion of each day. He shall keep a record of all his proceed- 
ings, and a set of books, in which shall be entered, under appro- 
priate heads, the receipts and expenditures in his department, 
with the names of all persons who have furnished materials, and 
of all workmen, and the amount paid to each individual ; and he 
shall make a quarterly report thereof to the city council. On or 
before the tenth day of January, annually, he shall make a report 
to the city council, containing a general statement of the expenses 
of his department during the preceding year, the amount ex- 
pended in each branch thereof, and such other information as he 
may consider desirable, together with an estimate in detail of the 
property under his charge belonging to the city. 

Sect. 4. The said Superintendent shall report annually, on 
or before the fifteenth day of February, to the auditor of accounts 
a detailed estimate of the wants of his department for the next 
financial year ; which estimate shall contain such a subdivision of 
the amount to be expended as shall give a good idea of the various 
necessities of the department. 

Sect. 5. The said Superintendent, under the direction and 
control of the board of aldermen, shall have the care and super- 



86 ORDINANCES. 

intendence of the city carts and stables, and shall make all neces- 
sary arrangements for cleaning the streets, disposing of manure, 
and removing house dirt and house offal. He shall, from time to 
time, furnish to the superintendent of streets such carts and 
horses as he may need, and they shall be charged to the depart- 
ment of paving and repairs of streets. 

Sect. 6. The execution of the laws and ordinances relating 
to the subject of internal health, shall be under the superintend- 
ence of the said Superintendent and his deputy ; and it shall be 
their duty, and each of them shall have power, to enforce all laws, 
ordinances, regulations, and orders, relating to causes of sickness, 
nuisances, and sources of filth existing within the city, except as 
is otherwise provided in the ordinances of the city, subject always 
to the direction, authority, and control of the board of aldermen 
and of the board of health for the time being ; and he shall per- 
form any other services that may be required of him by the said 
Boards, or either of them. 

Sect. T. The said Superintendent of the Health Department 
shall give bond with one or more sureties, to the approbation of 
the mayor, with condition that he shall faithfully perform all the 
duties of his office, and account for all moneys entrusted to him, 
and that he will not, directly or indirectly for himself or others, 
or by others in trust for him, or on his account, have any interest 
or concern in any purchase, lease, contract, or agreement to be 
made in pursuance of this ordinance. 

Sect. 8. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith are hereby repealed. [Passed, April 26, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Posting Notices and Placards on 

Buildings. 

Sect. 1. No person shall post up or affix in any manner any 
bill, placard, or notice, either written or printed, upon the fences, 
walls, or upon any^art of any building in the city of Boston, 
without the previous consent of the occupants thereof, or, if there 
be no occupants, without the previous consent of the owners 
thereof; nor upon any part of any building belonging to the city 
of Boston without the previous consent of the mayor. 

Sect. 2. Any person offending against any of the provisions 
of this ordinance shall be punished by fine not exceeding fifty 
dollars. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect in thirty days after 
its passage. [Passed, April 28, 1853.] 



ORDINANCES. 87 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Streets. 

Sect. 1. The Superintendent of Streets shall give bond, with 
one or more sureties to the approbation of the mayor and alder- 
men, with condition that he shall faithfully perform all the duties 
of his office, and account for all moneys entrusted to him, and that 
he will not directly or indirectly, for himself or others, or by others 
in trust for him, or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any purchase, lease, contract or agreement, to be made in pur- 
suance of the ordinance to which this is in addition, or any ordi- 
nance in addition thereto. [Massed, May 17, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance respecting Truant 
Children and Absentees from School. 

Sect. 1. The Justices of the Police Court of the city of Bos- 
ton shall have jurisdiction of the offences arising under the several 
laws relating to truant children and absentees from school. 

Sect. 2. The act " in addition to the acts concerning truant 
children and absentees from school," passed on the sixteenth day 
of May, in the year 1858, is hereby accepted. 

Sect. 3. The House for the Employment and Reformation of 
Juvenile Offenders is hereby assigned and provided as the institu- 
tion of instruction, house of reformation or suitable situation men- 
tioned in the said act. [Passed, Jane 2, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to the 
weighing and marking of Lighters and other vessels employed 
in the transportation of certain articles. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen, annually, by concurrent vote 
of the two branches of the city council, one or more weighers and 
one or more inspectors of Lighters and other vessels employed in 
the transportation of stones, gravel, sand and other ballast, who 
shall hold their offices one year, and until others are chosen in 
their places. They shall severally have power to appoint one or 
more assistants, subject to the approval of the city council, and 
shall be removable at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. It shall be the duty of the inspectors to give a cer- 
tificate, in such form as is hereinafter provided, to the owner or 
vender of all the stones, sand, gravel or other ballast inspected 



O0 ORDINANCES. 

under the provisions of the ordinance to which this is in addition, 
and to keep an account of all articles inspected in a book, which 
shall always be kept open to the inspection of owners, venders or 
purchasers of stone, sand, gravel or other ballast sold by weight, 
and report quarterly to the city council. 

Sect. 3. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, sand, 
gravel or other ballast, shall be three cents for every ton inspected 
and delivered, which shall in all cases be paid by the vender of 
the same. 

Sect. 4. The first, ninth and eleventh sections of the ordi- 
nance to which this is in addition are hereby repealed. 
[Passed, June 24, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance relating to Public 

Buildings. 

Sect. 1. The city council, whenever they shall deem it expe- 
dient, may, by order, authorize and direct the Committee on Pub- 
lic Buildings, to cause any alterations or repairs of any building 
specified in such order to be made, although the expense thereof 
may exceed the sum of five hundred dollars, without advertising 
for proposals, and without making a contract in writing therefor 
signed by the mayor, as heretofore required by ordinance. 

Sect. 2. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith are hereby repealed. [Passed, July 7, 1853.] 



Aji Ordinance in relation to the Superintendents of Streets, 
Internal Health, and Public Buildings. 

Sect. 1. Whenever the Superintendent of Streets, of Internal 
Health, or of Public Buildings, shall sell any articles or materials 
belonging to the city, or shall do, or cause to be done, any work 
for any individual from which money shall become due to the 
city, the said Superintendent shall enter in books to be kept for 
that purpose all such sales and work done, with the price thereof, 
and shall forthwith make out bills for the same and deliver them 
to the city treasurer for collection, and the said treasurer shall 
forthwith demand payment of the said bills, and in case any bills 
or dues under this ordinance shall remain unpaid at the expiration 
of three months after demand for payment as aforesaid, the said 
treasurer shall cause the same to be collected, by a resort to the 
proper legal process. 



ORDINANCES. 89 

Sect. 2. The pay rolls of the laborers employed under the 
direction of the Superintendent of Streets and of the Superin- 
tendent of Internal Health, shall be made up and certified by the 
said Superintendents respectively, and upon being duly allowed 
and audited shall be paid by the city treasurer, at such times and 
places as he shall appoint, and he may employ a clerk for that 
purpose. [Passed, July 18, 1853.] 



An Ordinance to repeal in part an Ordinance concerning Truant 
Children and Absentees from School. 

So much of the second section of an ordinance concerning truant 
children and absentees from school, passed in the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty, as gives the jurisdiction to senior justice of 
the police court of the offences set forth in the statute of the 
Commonwealth adopted by the said ordinance, be, and the same 
is hereby repealed. [Passed, Dee. 23, 1853.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance establishing a Fire 
Department, and providing for preventing and extinguishing 
Fires. 

Sect. 1. In the month of January in each year there shall be 
appointed a joint committee of the city council, to be called the 
Committee on Fire Alarms, to consist of two aldermen and three 
members of the common council. 

Sect. 2. The said Committee shall have the care and manage- 
ment of the rooms, apparatus, and machinery connected with the 
system of Telegraphic Fire Alarms, and shall also have the power 
to appoint, upon the nomination of the Superintendent of Fire 
Alarms, suitable persons to assist in the management of said sys- 
tem of Fire Alarms, and to establish the compensation of the 
same, unless the same shall be specially provided by the city 
council ; and the said Committee shall have power to determine 
the persons to whom shall be entrusted keys of the signal boxes 
connected with said system of Fire Alarms, and, generally, shall 
have charge of said apparatus and control over the management 
of the same, subject to any special order of the city council. 

Sect. 3. There shall be annually appointed by the city coun- 
cil, in the months of April or May, a suitable person to be Super- 
intendent of Fire Alarms, who shall have charge of the system of 
Telegraphic Fire Alarms, under the direction of the Committee 
on Fire Alarms, and sec that the same is kept in good repair and 

12 



90 ORDINANCES. 

in working condition, and be considered responsible for the same. 
The said Superintendent shall hold his office until a successor is 
elected, shall be at all times removable by the city council, and 
shall receive such compensation as the city council shall determine. 

Sect. 4. Alarms of fire shall be given by means of the system 
of Telegraphic Fire Alarms, in accordance with the rules and di- 
rections heretofore established by the Joint Special Committee on 
Fire Alarms, and contained upon the 104, 105, 106, and 107th 
pages of the Municipal Register, of the year 1853, which are 
hereby declared to be the rules for giving alarms of fire within 
the City of Boston. 

Sect. 5. The Joint Committee on Fire Alarms shall have 
power from time to time to alter or change said rules and direc- 
tions, and the same shall be binding upon all persons after said 
rules and directions, as altered, shall have been placed on file in 
the office of the engineers of the Fire Department and with the 
city clerk. And the same shall then be published in the same 
manner as ordinances of the city are published ; but the city 
council shall at all times have power to alter, amend, or annul the 
same. 

Sect. 6. Immediately upon an alarm or discovery of fire, it 
shall be the duty of the members of the Police and Watch De- 
partments to communicate the fact to the central station by 
means of the signal boxes in the district in which the fire may be, 
in accordance with said rules and directions. And it shall be the 
duty of the watchmen in the night time, upon an alarm of fire 
being given or sounded upon the bells connected with the fire 
alarm apparatus, to give further notice thereof within their re- 
spective districts by springing their rattles, crying " fire," and 
mentioning the number of the district in which the fire exists. 
And if any watchman shall neglect so to do, he shall forfeit and 
pay a fine of two dollars for every such offence. 

Sect. 7. No person shall open any of the signal boxes con- 
nected with the Telegraphic Fire Alarms for the purpose of giving 
a false alarm, or interfere in any way with said boxes, by break- 
ing, cutting, injuring, or defacing the same, or turn the cranks 
therein, except in case of fire, or tamper or meddle with said boxes 
or any part thereof; or cut, break, or injure in any way the wires 
connected with the same or with any part of said system of Fire 
Alarms ; nor connect the same by any communication so as to in- 
terrupt the proper working of said system, or with intent so to 
do, or injure, break, or destroy any of the machinery or fixtures 
connected with said system, or any part of the same. 

Sect. 8. Any person who shall be guilty of a breach of any 
of the provisions of this ordinance, shall forfeit and pay a fine of 
not less than two dollars nor more than fifty dollars for each 
offence. [Passed, Dec. 29, 1853.] 



ORDINANCES. 91 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance concerning Junk Shops 
and Dealers in Second Hand Articles. 

Sect. 1. All licenses which shall be granted to any persons 
to be keepers of shops for the purchase, sale, or barter of junk, 
old metals, or any second hand articles, and to be dealers therein, 
shall contain the following conditions and restrictions : — That 
every person, at the time of receiving said license, shall pay 
therefor the sum of fifty dollars. 

Sect. 2. The first condition contained in the ordinance upon 
this subject, passed May 6, 1889, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, April 24, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to Streets. 

Sect. 1. No person shall water any of the streets, lanes, 
alleys, or courts within the City of Boston, by or with a watering 
cart, without having first obtained a license therefor from the 
board of aldermen, under a penalty of not less than one nor more 
than fifty dollars for each and every offence. 

Sect. 2. All licenses granted by the board of aldermen to 
any persons to water streets shall run for not more than one year, 
and shall contain such conditions and restrictions as the board of 
aldermen shall prescribe, and shall also be subject to such rules 
and regulations as the said board of aldermen shall from time to 
time prescribe. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect immediately after its 
passage. [Passed, April 24, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance relating to Public 
Health, passed August 20, 1850. 

Sect. 1. The port physician shall be physician to the quaran- 
tine hospital at Deer Island, but nothing herein contained shall 
prevent his further exercising the duties of physician to or super- 
intendent of the other city institutions which are or may be located 
upon the said Island, if thereto duly elected. 

Sect. 2. So much of the thirty-sixth section of the Ordinance 
relating to the Public Health, passed August 20, 1850, as is in- 
consistent herewith is hereby repealed. 

[Passed, May 15, 1854.] 



92 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to the Survey of Marble. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen annually, in the month of 
June, by concurrent vote of the two branches of the city council, 
one or more Surveyors of Marble, who shall hold their offices for 
one year, and until others are chosen in their places, and who 
shall be sworn to the faithful discharge of the duties of their 
office. 

Sect. 2. It shall be the duty of the said Surveyors to survey 
and admeasure all marble imported into the City of Boston and 
offered for sale, and ascertain the number of cubic feet in each 
block, and the number of square feet in each slab of said marble, 
and legibly mark the same thereon, with the initials of the officer 
surveying it, and they shall give a certificate to the owner or 
vender thereof, in the form hereinafter provided. 

Sect. 3. The fees for surveying said marble shall be one cent 
for each cubic foot, and one half of a cent for each square foot 
surveyed as above directed, which shall be paid to the Surveyor 
by the owner or vender. 

Sect. 4. The certificate to be given to the owner or vender 
of said marble shall specify the name of the owner or vender, the 
name of the place from which the marble was imported, the num- 
ber of cubic feet in each block, and the number of square feet in 
each slab surveyed, the amount of fees received, and the date of 
the certificate. 

Sect. 5. No person shall sell any marble imported into the 
City of Boston unless the same shall have been surveyed as re- 
quired by this ordinance, under a penalty not exceeding fifty 
dollars for each and every offence. 

Sect. 6. This ordinance shall take effect immediately on its 
passage. [Passed, June 12, 1854.] 



An Ordinance providing for the establishment of a Board of Com- 
missioners on the erection of a building for the Public Library 
of the City of Boston. 

Sect. 1. There shall be chosen, by concurrent vote of the 
city council, during the month of November in the present year, 
seven persons, two from the city council, (one from each branch 
thereof,) two from the trustees at large of the Public Library, 
and three from the citizens at large, who shall constitute a Board 
of Commissioners for the erection of the ^Public Library. 



OKDINANCES. 93 

Sect. 2. The said Commissioners shall procure the erection 
of a suitable building for the Public Library. They shall select a 
proper plan for the construction of the said edifice ; shall make 
contracts for all the labor and materials requisite therefor ; shall 
superintend the building thereof, until its completion ; and shall 
have the sole charge, care, and responsibility of the building, 
warming, lighting, ventilating, draining, and furnishing the said 
edifice ; and all the contracts, bargains, and agreements of the 
said Commissioners, made in pursuance of the authority hereby 
vested in them, shall be binding upon the city ; provided, always, 
that the amount of money to be expended by the said Commis- 
sioners shall be determined by a vote of the city council. 

Sect. 3. The said Commissioners shall meet at stated periods, 
and cause a record of their proceedings to be kept ; and for this 
purpose the librarian of the Public Library shall act as their 
clerk, and they shall make report of their doings to the city coun- 
cil once in six months, and oftener if thereto required by a vote 
of the city council. 

Sect. 4. The office and duties of the said Commissioners shall 
continue until the said Library building shall have been complet- 
ed, and be ready for the reception of books ; and in case of a 
vacancy by death or resignation, the said vacancy shall be filled 
by a concurrent vote of the city council. 

Sect. 5. The said Commissioners, after completing the duties 
hereby assigned to them,.shall deposit the book or books containing 
the record of their proceedings with the city clerk. 
[Passed, November 27, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance regulating the Survey 
of Lumber in the City of Boston. 

Sect. 1. The Surveyor General of Lumber shall have power 
to appoint such a number of competent and discreet deputy sur- 
veyors of lumber, clapboards, and shingles as he shall judge suf- 
ficient, not, however, less than twenty nor more than thirty, out 
of which number he shall appoint one or more deputy surveyors 
whose sole and especial duty it shall be to survey oak and other 
hard wood commonly used in ship building, and also one or more 
deputy surveyors whose sole and especial duty it shall be to sur- 
vey mahogany, ash, cedar, and other ornamental wood and 
lumber ; and said Surveyor General shall be answerable for his 
deputies, and shall take bond from them, respectively, for the 
faithful discharge of their duty, and they shall be sworn faithfully 
to perform the same, and they shall be removable at the pleasure 



4 ORDINANCES. 

of the said Surveyor General : and it shall be the duty of said 
Surveyor General and his deputies to survey and admeasure all 
lumber brought into the City of Boston by water for sale, accord- 
ing to the provisions of the ordinance to which this is in addition. 
Provided, that no person shall be appointed or continued in office 
as a deputy surveyor who is employed by any dealer in the kind 
of lumber which he is appointed to survey, except in the duties of 
his office, or who is himself a dealer in that kind of lumber. 

Sect. 2. The second section of the ordinance of the City of 
Boston, relating to the survey of lumber, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed, November 27, 1854.] 



An Ordinance to establish Water Rates. 

The following Rates shall be charged annually for the Cochit- 
uate Water. 

Dwelling Souses. 

Sect. 1. Every Dwelling House shall be charged, 
when valued for the assessment of taxes at $1,000,' 
or any less sum, and occupied by one family only, - 

When occupied by two families, "."■"* 

When occupied by three families, - 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $1,000 
and not over $2,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - 

When occupied by two families, - 

When occupied by three families, - 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $2,000, 
and not over $3,000, and occupied by one family 
only, _- - 

When occupied by two families, - 

When occupied by three families, - 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $3,000, 
and not over $4,000, and occupied by one family 
^only, - - 

When occupied by two families, - 

When occupied by three families, - 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $4,000, 
and not over $5,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - 

When occupied by two families, - 

When occupied by three families, - 



$6 


00 


8 


00 


10 


00 


7 


00 


9 


00 


11 


00 


8 


00 


10 


00 


12 


00 


9 


00 


11 


00 


13 


00 


10 


00 


12 


00 


14 


00 



ORDINANCES. 95 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $5,000, 
and not over $6,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - $11 00 

When occupied by two families, - - - 13 00 

When occupied by three families, - - - 15 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $6,000, 
and not over $7,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - -".-. - - - 12 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 14 00 

When occupied by three families, - - - 16 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $7,000, 
and not over $8,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 13 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 15 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 17 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $8,000, 
and not over $9,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 14 00 

When occupied by two families, - - - 16 00 

When occupied by three families, - - - 18 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $9,000, 
and not over $10,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 15 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 17 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 19 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $10,000, 
and not over $11,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 16 00 

When occupied by two families, - - - 18 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 20 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $11,000, 
and not over $12,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - 17 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 19 00 

When occupied by three families, - - - 21 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $12,000, 
and not over $13,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 18 00 

When occupied by two families, - - - 20 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 22 00 



96 ORDINANCES. 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $13,000, 
and not over $14,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - $19 00 

"When occupied by two families, - - - 21 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 23 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $14,000, 
and not over $15,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 20 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 22 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 24 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $15,000, 
and not over $16,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - . - - - - - 21 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 23 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 25 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $16,000, 
and not over $17,000, and occupied by one family 

only, - 22 00 

When occupied by two families, - - - 24 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 26 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $17,000, 
and not over $18,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 23 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 25 00 

When occupied by three families, - - . - 27 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $18,000, 
and not over $19,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 24 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 26 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 28 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $19,000, 
and not over $20,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 25 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 27 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 29 00 

When valued for the assessment of taxes over $20,000, 
and not over $21,000, and occupied by one family 
only, - - - - - - 26 00 

When occupied by two families, - - 28 00 

When occupied by three families, - - 30 00 

When a house is occupied by more than three families, 
the charge shall be the same as for three families. 



ORDINANCES. 97 

In addition to the foregoing rates there shall be charged 
to each dwelling house in which a water closet or 
bathing tub is used, the sum of - - $5 00 

Model Souses. 

Sect. 2. Model Houses, so called, shall be charged 
three dollars for each tenement. 

Hotels. 

Sect. 3. Hotels, Taverns, and Boarding Houses, (said 
Boarding Houses being valued for the assessment of 
taxes over $15,000,) not including water for baths 
or for uses without the house, shall be charged for 
each bed for boarders and lodgers within the same, - 3 00 

Provided, that in no case shall any Hotel, Tavern, 
or Boarding House be charged less than if a private 
dwelling house. 

Stores. 

Sect. 4. For each tenement occupied as a store, ware- 
house, office, shop, or for purposes not included in 
any other classification, and not requiring more than 
an ordinary supply of water, {$6 00 to 25 00 

For each water closet more than one, supplied for 
the above, $5 00 additional. 

And for each urinal or wash hand-basin more than 
one, $2 50 additional. 

Stables. 

Sect. 5. Private stables — including water for washing 

carriages, - - - - - -6 00 

And for each horse over two, - - 2 00 

Livery stables — including water for washing carriages, 

for each horse, - - - - - 2 00 

Omnibus stables — for each horse, - - 1 50 

Truckmen's stables — for each horse, - - 1 25 

Provided, that in no case shall any stable be charged 

less than - - - - - -5 00 

Hose. 

Sect. 6. The right to attach a hose, of not more than 
five-eighths of an inch orifice, for washing windows 
or sprinkling streets, in addition to the charge for 
other uses, not less than - - - 3 00 

13 



98 ORDINANCES. 

But no hose shall be attached or used in any stable for 
"washing horses or carriages, or for any other purpose 
whatever, except for extinguishing fires. 

Refectories. 

Sect. 7. Refectories, confectioneries, eating houses, 
market and fish stalls, provision shops, refreshment 
and oyster saloons, according to the quantity of water 
used— from - - - $6 00 to $50 00 

Baths. 
Sect. 8. Public baths, for each tub, - 5 00 

Printing Offices. 

Sect. 9. Every printing office, according to the num- 
ber of presses used, not including the supplying of a 
steam engine, from - - $6 00 to 40 00 

Steam Engines. 

Sect. 10. Every stationary steam engine, working not 

over twelve hours a day, for each horse power, - 6 00 

Railroad Corporations. 

Sect. 11. Every railroad corporation, for supply of 
locomotive engine, according to the quantity used, as 
ascertained by meters or otherwise, and also for 
supply of passenger stations, - 



Steamboats. 

Sect. 12. Every steamboat shall be charged half a 
cent for each ton, Custom House measurement, at 
every time the water is used. 

Building Purposes. 

Sect. 13. For building purposes, every cask of lime 

or cement used, - - - - - 5 cents. 

Fountains. 

[Sect. 14. Fountains are only to be supplied with water 
at the discretion of the Cochituate Water Board, and 
shall be charged upon the estimated quantity used 
each day, for each 100 gallons daily consumption, - 3 00 



ORDINANCES. 



99 



Sect. 15. For large quantities of water to brewers, 
distillers, and for other uses not specified under 
specific regulations for determining the quantity, 
when the estimated average quantity consumed is 
less than 500 gallons per clay, for each 100 gallons 
of estimated daily consumption, - $15 00 

When the quantity used is more than 500 gallons and 
less than 1000 gallons per day, for each 100 gallons 
of estimated daily consumption, - - 12 00 

When the quantity used is more than 1000 gallons and 
less than 2000 gallons per clay, for each 100 gallons 
of estimated daily consumption, - - - 10 00 

When the quantity used is more than 2000 gallons and 
less than 10,000 gallons per day, for each 100 gal- 
lons of estimated daily consumption, - - 8 00 

For larger quantities required for specific purposes, the 
price shall be fixed by the Water Registrar, but in 
no case at less than one cent for 100 gallons. 

Sect. 16. When water is required for purposes which are 
not specified in the foregoing tariff, the rate shall be fixed by the 
Cochituate Water Board. 

Sect. 17. Whenever two or more dwelling houses or other 
estates are valued together for the assessment of taxes, it shall 
be the duty of the Water. Registrar, under the direction of the 
Cochituate Water Board, to make a separate valuation of the 
same ; and whenever a portion only of any estate is justly charge- 
able for any water rate, it shall be the duty of the Water Regis- 
trar to make a proper valuation of the said portion, and the 
Water Rates hereinbefore provided shall apply to such valuations 
respectively. 

Sect. 18. The Cochituate Water Board shall have power to 
ascertain by meters the quantity of water used in any case ; and 
the proprietors or persons having charge of the hotels, taverns, 
and boarding houses mentioned in the third section of this ordi- 
nance, shall also have power to place within their premises, at 
their own expense, a sufficient water meter, to be approved by 
the Water Registrar, for the purpose of measuring the quantity 
of water by them respectively used. And when in any case the 
quantity used shall be ascertained and measured in manner before 
mentioned, the Cochituate Water Board may establish a water 
rate therefor, instead of the specific rate hereinbefore established. 
Provided, however, that the said rates shall in no case be less 
than that hereinbefore directed to be charged to brewers, dis- 
tillers, and other business requiring a large supply, for uses not 
specified under specific regulations. 



100 ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 19. The Cochituate Water Board shall have power to 
establish such regulations as they may deem expedient for the 
construction of water closets hereafter ; and the water shall not 
be supplied to any building unless the said water closets shall be 
made conformable to the said regulations. 

Sect. 20. No charge shall be made for the right to insert a 
pipe of not more than one inch in diameter, at the expense of the 
water taker, and to be used only in case of fire. 

Sect. 21. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent 
with this are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 22. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first day of January, in the year eighteen hundred and fifty-five. 
[Passed, December 14, 1854.] 



An Ordinance to regulate the Storage and Sale of Camphene 
and other inflammable Fluids. 

Sect. 1. No person shall keep for sale or shall store in any 
building within the City of Boston any camphene, burning fluid, 
or any similar explosive or inflammable fluid, without a license 
from the board of aldermen, under a penalty of not less than 
one nor more than twenty dollars for any one offence. 

Sect. 2. Every person desiring to obtain a license to sell or 
store camphene, burning fluid, or any similar explosive or inflam- 
mable fluid in said city, shall make written application therefor to 
the board of aldermen, stating in said application the place or 
building in which he desires to sell or store the said articles, and 
the manner in which he proposes to keep them ; said application 
shall be referred to the Chief Engineer of the Fire Department, 
who shall examine the premises, and report to the board of alder- 
men his opinion of the safety of granting a license, and after his 
report the board of aldermen may act upon said application. 

Sect. 3. All licenses granted under the provisions of the 
previous section shall continue and be in force from the time of 
granting until the first day of September next succeeding. 

Sect. 4. Every person at the time of receiving said license 
shall pay therefor the sum of one dollar. 

Sect. 5. This ordinance shall take effect on the first Monday 
in January, A. D. eighteen hundred and fifty-five. 
[Passed, December 18, 1854.] 



ORDINANCES. 101 



An Ordinance in relation to the South Boston Bridges. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in relation 
to the care and superintendence of the Boston Free Bridge and 
the Boston South Bridge," passed May 6th, 1850, and printed 
on page 54 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as fol- 
lows : — 

(1) In the first section, third line, by striking out the words, 
" to be first voted upon by the mayor and aldermen." 

' (2) In the second section, twenty-second line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
W T ords " board of" 

(3) In the same section, first line on page 55 of the City 
Ordinances, by striking out the words " mayor and aldermeyi" 
and by inserting in place thereof the word " board." 

(4) In the third section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dee. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Buildings. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance concerning 
Buildings and Reservoirs in the City, and for preventing tres- 
passes on the same," passed November 14th, 1838, and printed 
on page 58 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : 

(1) In the first section, eighth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in the place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(2) In the same section, thirteenth line, by striking out the 
word " that" and by inserting the word " shall" after " city." 

(3) In the same section, fourteenth line, by striking out the 
words " considered as." 

(4) In the second section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board 

(f>) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(6) In the same section, fourteenth line, by striking out the. 
words " mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " said board." 



102 ORDINANCES. 

(7) In the same section, sixteenth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty " and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(8) In the third section, seventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(9) In the same section, ninth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " said board" 

(10) In the same section, twelfth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof 
the word " board." 

(11) In the same section, seventeenth line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(12) In the fourth section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty," 
and in the last line, section 5, by striking out " twenty" and by 
inserting " fifty." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1851.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Chimneys. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled ." An Ordinance for the 
regulation of Chimneys and Chimney Sweepers," passed Decem- 
ber 28, 1825, and printed on page 78 of the City Ordinances, 
shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board 

of." 

(2) In the same section, twelfth line, by striking out the 
word " tiventy" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(3) In the same section, fourteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(4) In the same section, twentieth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof 
the word " board." 

(5) In the same section, twenty-first line, by striking out the 
words " said mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 



ORDINANCES. 103 

(6) In the second section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board 
of." 

. (7) In the same section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
word " board." 

(7|) In the same section, twentieth and twenty-first line, by 
striking out the words " by the mayor and aldermen.'" 

(8) In the third section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of" 

(9) In the same section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " said board." 

(10) In the same section, tenth line, by striking out the 
words " the mayor and aldermen," and by inserting in place 
thereof the word " they." 

(11) In the same section, thirteenth and fourteenth lines, by 
striking out the words " the said mayor and aldermen" and by 
inserting in place thereof the word " they." 

Sect. 2. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance establishing 
a Fire Department and providing for preventing and extinguishing 
Fires," passed June 4th, 1850, the twenty-sixth section of which 
is printed on page 81 of the City Ordinances, and is there num- 
bered section 4, shall be amended as follows :- — 

(1) In the tenth line, by striking out the words " mayor 
and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board of." 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [^Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Common and Public Squares. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled "An Ordinance in relation 
to the Common, the Public Squares, and the Public Fountains of 
the City," passed May 13, 1850, and printed on page 81 of the 
City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and." 

(2) In the third section, fourth line, by striking out the word 
" and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " or the 
board of." 

(3) In the seventh section, fourth line, by striking out the 
word " except" and by inserting in place thereof the word " or." 



104 ORDINANCES. 

(4) In the same section, same line, by striking out all of the 
section after the word " common.' 1 '' 

(5) In the ninth section, third line, by striking out the word 
" tiventy," and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday in January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Criers. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance to regulate 
Common Criers," passed June 10, 1850, and printed on page 9T 
of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the word 
" and," and by inserting in place thereof the words " by and 
iviih the advice and consent of the." 

(2) In the same section, second line, by striking out the 
word " they " and by inserting in the place thereof the word 
"he" and in the sixth line, by striking out the words "mayor 
and " and by inserting in place thereof the words " board of." 

(3) In the third section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(4) In the fourth section, last line, by striking out the word 
" tiventy," and by inserting in the place thereof the word 

"fifty-" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on an after the first 
Monday in January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An ordinance restraining the going at large of Dogs. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled "An ordinance restraining 
the going at large of Dogs within the City of Boston." passed 
June 4, 1850, and printed on page 102 of the City Ordinances, 
shall be amended as follows : 

(1) In the third section, third line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in plade thereof the words 
" board of." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday in January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



ORDINANCES. 105 



An Ordinance in relation to Elections. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance prescribing 
the form of warrants and of the service thereof," passed Decem- 
ber 27, 1826, and printed on page 105 of the City Ordinances, 
shall be amended as follows : 

(1) In the first section, twelfth and thirteenth lines, by 
striking out the words " mayor of our said City of Boston" and 
by inserting in place thereof the words, " chairman of the board 
of aldermen. " 

(2) In the same section, fifteenth line, by striking out the 
words " maijor and" and inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

3) In the second section, third line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(4) In the third section, thirteenth and fourteenth lines, by 
striking out the words " mayor of our City of Boston" and by 
inserting in place thereof the words " chairman of the board of 
aldermen." 

(5) In the same section, sixteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(6) In the fourth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(7) In the same section, fourth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " said board." 

(8) In the fifth section, first line, by striking out the words 
"mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(9) In the same section, fourth line, by striking out the words 
" except ward officers." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday in January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to a Superintendent of Faneuil Hall. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance providing 
for the appointment of a superintendent of Faneuil Hall," passed 
October 14th, 1833, and printed on page 107 of the City Ordin- 
ances, shall be amended as follows : 



106 ORDINANCES. 

(1) In the first section, second line, by striking out <he word 
" and" and by inserting in place thereof the words, " by and 
with the advice and consent of they 

(2) In the same section, seventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" hoard of." 

(3) In the second section, last line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" hoard of" 

(4) In the fourth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " and aldermen." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An ordinance in relation to Finance. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance establishing 
a system of accountability in the expenditures of the City," passed 
December 22d, 1825, and printed on page 119 of the City 
Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : 

(1) In the second section, tenth line, by striking out the 
words " and aldermen." 

(2) In the same section, fourteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " city clerk." 

Sect. 2. An ordinance entitled " An ordinance concerning 
the public loans and reduction of the City debt," passed March 10, 
1834, the section of which is printed on page 121 of 

the City Ordinances, and is there numbered " section 7," shall 
be amended as follows : 

(1) In the first line of section seven, aforesaid, by striking 
out the word "joint." 

(2) In the same section, second and third lines, by striking 
out the words " on the part of the mayor and" and by inserting 
in place thereof the words " the chairman of the board of." 

Sect. 3. An ordinance entitled " An ordinance providing for 
the more regular collection of debts due to the City of Boston," 
passed February 23, 1835, which is printed on page 122 and 123 
of the City Ordinances, and is there numbered " Section 12," 
shall be amended, as follows : 

(1) In the twelfth line of Section 12 aforesaid, by striking out 
the words " and aldermen." 



ORDINANCES. 107 

(2) In the same section, 13th line, by striking out the word 
" they" and inserting the word " he." 

Sect. 4. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Fire Arms. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in relation 
to Fire Arms, Fire Works, Bonfires, and Brick Kilns," passed 
July 22, 1850, and printed on page 141 of the City Ordinances, 
shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the section numbered thirty-four in said City Ordi- 
nances, fourth line, by striking out the words " mayor and," and 
by inserting in place thereof the words " board of." 

(2) In section thirty-five, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In section thirty-six, fourth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(4) In the same section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty." 

(5) In section thirty-seven, third and fourth lines, by striking 
out the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " board of." 

(6) In the same section, fifth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Boston Harbor. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance relating to 
the preservation of Boston Harbor,"' passed November 12, 1846, 
and printed on page 174 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended 
as follows : — 

(1) In the third line, by striking out the words " mayor and." 
Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



108 ORDINANCES. 



An Ordinance in relation to Hay Scales. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance relating to 
the Weighing of Hay and other Articles," passed August 20, 
1850, and printed on page 183 of the City Ordinances, shall be 
amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board 

of." 

(2) In the second section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
« board of." 

(3) In the same section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty" 

(4) In the third section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(5) In the same section, fifth line, by inserting after the word 
" and" the words " the mayor by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the said board." 

(6) In the fourth section, fifteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Public Health. 

Sect. 1. The Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance relating to 
the Public Health," passed August 20, 1850, and printed on 
page 202 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(2) In the second section, last line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the sixth section, fourth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " thirty." 

(4) In the seventh section, first line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 



ORDINANCES. 109 

(5) In the same section, fifteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(6) In the eighth section, ninth line, by striking out the 
words " the mayor" 

(7) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(8) In the ninth section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(9) In the tenth section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of" 

(10) In the thirteenth section, second line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(10^) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " said board." 

(11) In the same section, fifteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(12) In the fifteenth section, ninth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(13) In the sixteenth section, first and second lines, by striking 
out the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " board of." 

(14) In the eighteenth section, fifth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(15) In the same section, tenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(15|) In the same section, seventeenth line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(16) In the twentieth section, tenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(17) In the twenty-second section, second line, by striking 
out the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof 
the words " board of." 

(18) In the twenty-fourth section, fourth and fifth lines, by 
striking out the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place 
thereof the words " board of." 



110 ORDINANCES. 

(19) In the twenty-sixth section, sixth line, by striking out 
the words " mayor arid" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(20) In the thirtieth section, fourth line, by inserting before 
the word " board" the words " mayor, the," and in the same 
line, by striking out the words " mayor and." 

(21) In the thirty-first section, fourth line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the 

-words " board of" 

(22) In the thirty-sixth section, eighth line, by inserting 
after the word " by," the words " the mayor;" and in the same 
line, by striking out the words " mayor and" and by inserting 
in place thereof the words " board of." 

(23) In the thirty-seventh section, fourth line, by inserting 
after the word " and " the words " to the board of." 

(24) In the thirty-ninth section, sixth and seventh lines, by 
striking out the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place 
thereof the words " board of." 

(25) In the forty-fifth section, second line, by striking out 
the word " and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" by and ivith the advice and consent of the" 

(26) In the same section, third line, by striking out the 
word " they," and by inserting in place thereof the word " he." 

(27) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " and aldermen." 

(28) In the forty-sixth section, eleventh line, by striking out 
the words " and aldermen." 

(29) In the forty-seventh section, third line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(30) In the fiftieth section, last line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(31) In the fifty-second section, first line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(32) In the same section, last line, by adding the words, 
" and subject to the approval of the mayor." 

(33) In the fifty- third section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

11 fifty" 

Sect. 2. By adding to the said ordinance at the end thereof 
the following section : — 

Sect. 54. It shall be the duty of the mayor to be vigilant and 
active in protecting the public health ; to see that the laws and ordi- 
nances in relation to the same are enforced ; to communicate his vieios 
to the board of aldermen or the city council from time to time, as 



OKDINANCES. Ill 

he may deem expedient ; and he shall have power to call upon the 
police and the various city officers to aid him in the performance of 
these duties. \_Passed, December 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Lumber. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance regulating 
the survey and admeasurement of lumber brought into the city of 
Boston by water for sale," passed July 25, 1842, and printed 
on page 260 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as fol- 
lows : — 

(1) In the first section, eighth line, by striking out the words 
" and aldermen.'''' 

(2) In the thirteenth section, sixth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(3) In the same section, tenth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Officers and Office Hours. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in relation 
to city officers and office hours," passed September 9, 1850, and 
printed on page 274 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as 
follows : — 

(i) In the first section, fourth line, by striking out " surveyors 
of highways." 

(1) In the third section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(2) In the seventh section, third line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the eighth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

f4) By adding to the end of said ordinance the following 
section : — 



112 ORDINANCES. 

" Sect. 9. In all cases wherein appointments to office are 
directed by any law or ordinance to be made by the mayor and 
aldermen, or by the mayor by and with the advice and consent of 
the aldermen, the mayor shall send his nominations to the board 
of aldermen, directed to the city clerk, who shall forthwith enter 
the same in a book kept for that purpose. And Avhenever the 
mayor shall remove any officer, he shall send an information 
thereof to the said board, which shall be entered on their record 
at the next meeting." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Ordinances and By-Laws of the 

City. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in relation 
to the ordinances and by-laws of the city," passed September 
16th, 1850, and printed on page 278 of the City Ordinances, 
shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, third line, by striking out the word 
" mayor" 

(2) In the third section, second line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the fourth section, third line, by inserting after the 
word " aldermen" the words " or of the board of aldermen." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Printing. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance relating to 
printing," passed December 24, 1846, and printed on page 304 
of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the fourth line, by striking out the words " mayor 
and." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



ORDINANCES. 113 



An Ordinance in relation to Public Buildings. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance concerning 
the Public Buildings," passed July 1, 1850, and printed on 
page 306 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows :■ — 

(1) In the first section, fourth line, by striking out the words 
" 'mayor and." 

(2) In the third section, fifth line, by striking out the words 
" hoard of." 

(3) In the same section, sixth line, by inserting before the 
word " aldermen" the words " of the board of" 

(4) In the tenth section, last line, by adding to the end 
thereof the words " or the board of aldermen" 

(5) In the twelfth section, third and fourth lines, by striking 
out the words " and aldermen." 

(6) In the thirteenth section, third line, by inserting after 
the word " aldermen" the words " or of the board of aldermen." 

(7) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
word " and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " by 
the board of. ,y 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [.Passed, December 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to a City Registrar. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled "An Ordinance providing 
for the appointment of a City Registrar," passed September 9th, 
1850, and printed on page 327 of the City Ordinances, shall be 
amended as follows : — 

(1) In the third section, eighth line, by striking out the 
word " and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " the 
board of." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next.. [Passed December 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to dealers in second hand articles. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance concerning 
junk shops and dealers in second hand articles," passed May 6, 
1839, and printed on page 352 of the City Ordinances, shall be 
amended as follows :•— 



114 ORDINANCES. 

(1) In the first section, first and second lines, by striking 
out the words " by the mayor and aldermen of the city" and by 
inserting in place thereof the words " according to Jaw." 

(lh) In the same section, fourteenth line, by striking out the 
word " said" and in the same section, twenty-fifth line, by 
striking out the word " said" 

'(2) In the second section, fifth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word '■'■fifty." 

Sect. 2. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in addition 
to an ordinance concerning junk shops and dealers in second hand 
articles, passed April 24, 1854, and recorded on page 162 of the 
manuscript volume of City Ordinances in possession of the City 
Clerk, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first and second lines, by striking out 
the words " by the mayor and aldermen of the city" and by 
inserting in place thereof the words " according to law." 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday in January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the City Solicitor. 

Sect. 1. The Ordinance entitled " An Ordinance providing 
for the appointment of a City Solicitor, and prescribing his 
duties," passed April 29th, 1846, and printed on page 860 of the 
City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the second section, seventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(2) In the third section, twenty-first line, by striking out the 
word " and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " the 
board of." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Streets. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in relation 
to streets," passed September 30, 1850, and printed on page 
382 of the*City Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, last line, by striking out the words 



ORDINANCES. 115 

" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " board 

op' 

(2) In the third section, third line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the same section, last line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of" 

(4) In the fifth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of" 

(5) In the same section, third line, by striking out the words 
" or the surveyors of highways for the time being." 

(6) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " the mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " or the board of." 

(7) In the same line, by striking out the words " or the sur- 
veyors of highways." 

(8) In the sixth section, second line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(9) In the seventh section, fourth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(10) In the same section, seventh line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(11) In the same section, last line, by striking out the words 

" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " said board." 

(12) In the eighth section, third line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(13) In the same section, sixth line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and aldermen" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " said board." 

(14) In the same section, seventh line, by striking out the 
word " twenty " and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(15) In the ninth section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty." 

(10) In the tenth section, third line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the Avords 
"board of." 

(17) In the same section, thirteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 



116 ORDINANCES. 

(18) In the same section, twenty-second line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty-" 

(19) In the eleventh section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty.", 

(20) In the twelfth section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty" 

(21) In the thirteenth section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

" fifty r 

(22) In the fourteenth section, seventh line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty." 

(23) In the fifteenth section, third line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(24) In the sixteenth section, fifth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(24^) In the seventeenth section, third line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(25) In the seventeenth section, last line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty." 

(26) In the eighteenth section, fifth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(27) In the same section, ninth line, by striking out the 
word " tiventy" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." ' 

(28) In the nineteenth section, last line, by striking out the 
word " tiventy" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty." 

(29) In the twentieth section, fifth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(30) In the same section, fifteenth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(31) In the same section, seventeenth line, by striking out 
the words "mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(32) In the same section, eighteenth line, by striking out the 



ORDINANCES. 117 

word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(33) In the twenty-first section, fifth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

'(34) In the same section, eighth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(35) In the twenty-second section, fifth line, by striking out 
the word " twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty." 

(36) In the same section, eighth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(37) In the twenty-third section, first and second lines, by 
striking out the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place 
thereof the words " board of." 

(38^ In the same section, sixth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty " 

(39) In the twenty-fourth section, fourth line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(40) In the same section, fifth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word u fifty." 

(41) In the twenty-fifth section, fourth line, by striking out 
the word " twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty" 

(42) In the same section, eighth line, by striking out the 

words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(43) In the twenty-sixth section, eleventh line, by striking 
out the words " mayor" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(44) In the same section, thirteenth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty*" 

(45) In the twenty-seventh section, fifteenth line, by striking 
out the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the 
word " fifty." 

(46) In the twenty-eighth section, fifth line, by striking out 
the words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(47) In the same section, sixth line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty." 

(48) In the same section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty." 

(49) In the twenty-ninth section, third line, by striking out 



118 ORDINANCES. 

the words " mayor and," and by inserting in place thereof the 
words " board of." 

(50) In the same section, fourth line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty" 

(51) In the thirtieth section, first line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(52) In the thirty-first section, fourth line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty." 

(53) In the thirty-second section, last line, by striking out 
the word " tioenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(54) In the thirty-third section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in the place thereof the word 

(55) In the thirty-seventh section, last line, by striking out 
the word " twenty " and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(56) In the thirty-eighth section, last line, by striking out 
the word " twenty," and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(57) In the thirty-ninth section, fifth line, by striking out 
the word " twenty ," and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fifty" 

(58) In the fortieth section, seventh line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(59) In the same section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " or some other 'person by him authorized" and by inserting 
in place thereof the words " by any alderman, or by any polio e- 
man." 

(60) In the same section, seventeenth line, by striking out 
the word " ten" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

"fiw 

Sect. 2. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in addition 
to an Ordinance in relation to Streets," passed May 17th, 1853, 
and printed on page 85 of the Municipal Register for 1854, shall 
be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, second and third lines, by striking out 
the words " and aldermen." 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.J 



ORDINANCES. 119 



An Ordinance in relation to Taxes. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance concerning 
the assessment and collection of Taxes," passed October 24, 
1850, and printed on page 898 of the City Ordinances, shall be 
amended as follows : — 

(1) In the eighth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and." 

(2) In the eleventh section, eleventh line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Water. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance providing 
for the care and management of the Boston Water Works/' 
passed October 31st, 1850, and printed on page 424 of the City 
Ordinances, shall be amended as follows : — 

(1) In the sixth section, fourth line, by striking out the words 
" and aldermen." 

(2) In the eleventh section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the same section, seventh line, by striking out the 
word " and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " the 
board of." 

(4) In the twelfth section, second line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(5) In the twenty-second section, last line, by striking out 
the word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

'"fifty." 

(6) In the twenty-third section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 
"fifty." 

(7) In the twenty-fourth section, last line, by striking out the 
word " twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word 

(8) In the twenty-fifth section, fifth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 



120 ORDINANCES. 

(9) In the same section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word " fifty" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the first 
Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Wood and Bark. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An ordinance relating to 
the measuring of wood and bai-k," passed October 31, 1850, and 
printed on page 444 of the City Ordinances, shall be amended as 
follows : — 

(1) In the first section, first line, by striking out the words 
" mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(2) In the second section, fifth line, by striking out the 
words " mayor and" and by inserting in place thereof the words 
" board of." 

(3) In the same section, last line, by striking out the word 
" twenty" and by inserting in place thereof the word "fifty." 

(4) In the third section, first line, by striking out " and" 
and by inserting in place thereof the words, " by and with the 
advice and consent of the." 

(5) In the fifth section, first line, by striking out the word 
" and" and by inserting in place thereof the words " by and ivith 
the advice and consent of the." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after the 
first Monday of January next. [Passed, Dec. 28, 1854.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance on Finance. 

Sect. 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance establishing 
a system of accountability in the expenditures of the City," passed 
December 22, 1825, shall be amended as follows: — 

(1) In the first section, third line, by striking out the word 
" two," and by inserting in place thereof the word " three ; " in 
the fourth line, by striking out the word " three" and by insert- 
ing in place thereof the word "five" 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after its 
passage. [Passed, January 12, 1855.] 



ORDINANCES. 121 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance on Public Lands. 

Sect. 1. An Ordinance concerning the Public Lands, passed 
July 22, 1850, and printed on page 311 of the City Ordinances, 
is amended as follows : — 

(1) In the first section, third line, by striking out the word 
" two" and by inserting in place thereof the word "four ; " in 
the fourth line, by striking out the word "five" and by inserting 
in place thereof the word " eight ; " and also by striking out the 
last ten words of said first section. 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on and after its 
passage. [Passed, January 12, 1855.] 



GOVERNMENT 



1855. 



MAYOR. 
JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH, Tremont House. 

[Salary $4,000. Charter, § 15.] 



ALDERMEN. 
WILLIAM WASHBURN, Chairman. 



JOSIAH DUNHAM, Jr., 
WILLIAM WASHBURN, 
ROBERT COWDIN, 
SAMUEL TOPLIFF, . 
THOMAS SPRAGUE, . 
JOSEPH LAWRENCE DREW, 
CHARLES TODD WOODMAN, 
JOHN MOOREHEAD CLARK, 
SALMA ELGER GOULD, . 
CHARLES WOODBERRY, . 
ALBION KEITH PARRIS JOY, 
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN COOKE, 



55 B, near Fourth, street 
88 Myrtle street. 
185 Harrison avenue. 
8 Union park. 
27 Pitts street. 
52 Warren street. 
33 North Bennett street. 
106 Court street. 
33 Central square. 
4 Wall street. 
4 High street* 
Winthrop house. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 
JOSEPH STORY, President. 



William P. Howard, 
William Marble, . 
Samuel P. Whitman, 
George D. Ricker, 



Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Austin Gove, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward F. Porter, 



Ward 1. 

48 Charter street. 

16 Hull street. 

17 Unity street. 
166 Salem street. 

Ward 2. 

143 Lexington street. 
82 Lexington street. 

corner Paris and Henry streets. 
16 Paris street. 



124 



Samuel Jepson, . 
Jonathan B. Severance, 
William H. Lounsbury, 
Edward W. Hinks, 



Robert I. Burbank, 
Charles B. Farley, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 



George W. Chipman, 
Joseph Story, 
Joseph A. Pond, . 
William G. Harris, 



George S. Jones, . 
George W. Learnard, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
Alvin Vinal, . 



Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
Hales W. Suter, . 



Charles 0. Rogers, • . 
Joseph Buckley, . 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, . 
Frederick L. Washburn, 

Jonas H. French, . 
John W. T.Stodder, . 
Charles Nowell, . 
William B. Merrill, 

Hezekiah Prince, . 
William A. Bell, . 
Samuel W. Ropes, 
Charles S. Burgess, 

Charles Mayo, ' . 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Eben Tarbell, 
J air us A. Frost, . 



Ward 3. 

34 South Margin street. 

3 Elm place. 
National house. 
American house. 

Ward 4. 

Quincy house. 

Quincy house. 
1 Hamilton place. 
1 Mt. Vernon street. 

Ward 5. 

4 Vernon street. 

29 Green 'street. 
22 Allen street. 

3 Vernon street. 

Ward 6. 

81 Charles street. ' • 
16 Charles street. 

113 Pinckney street. 

1 Lime street. 

Ward 7. 

18 Franklin place. 

16 Lincoln street. 

2 Arch street. 

5 Avon place. 

Ward 8. 

11 Oxford street. 
United States hotel. 
Adams house. 
Winthrop house. 

Ward 9. 

49 Pleasant street. 
27 Fayette street. 
62 Marion street. 
32 Marion street. 

Ward 10. 

17 Rochester street. 
138 Harrison avenue. 

82 Hudson street. 
60 Harvard street. 

Ward 11. 

1 Dover street. 
283 Shawmut avenue. 
1004 Washington street. 

30 West Dedham street. 



125 

Ward 12. 
Edward II. Brainard, . . 161 Broadway. 
George S. Dexter, . . 229 Fourth street. 
Daniel Hall, .... Dorchester street. 

Jedediah P. Bean, . . 49 Fourth street. 

City Clerk. 
SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, 81 Pinckney street. 
Salary $2000, and for Assistant Clerks $2500. [Chosen by the 
City Council, in Convention, in January. Charter, § 30.] 

Clerk of Common Council. 
WASHINGTON P. GREGG, 18 Leverett street. 
Salary $1200. [Chosen by Common Council in January* Char- 
ter, § 34.] 

Messenger. 

OLIVER H. SPURR, 3 Bumstead place, 

Salary $1100. [Chosen by City Council in May.] 

Assistant Messenger. 

J. E. HUNT, 6 Gouch street. 

Salary $250. [Appointed by Messenger.] 



126 



LIST OF COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 

JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 

ON REDUCTION OF CITY DEBT. 

[Ord. p. 121.] 

The Mayor, President of the Common Council, and the Chairman of 

the Committee on Finance on the part of the Common Council. 



Aldermen. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Thomas Sprague. 



ACCOUNTS. 
[Ord. p. 119.] 



Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Charles Mayo, 
George S. Jones, 
William G. Harris, 
Amos A. Dunnels. 



ASSESSORS DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin F. Cooke, 
Salma E. Gould. 



Aldermen. 
josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Thomas Sprague. 



[Ord. p. 400.] 

Common Council. 
Daniel Hall, 
Austin Gove, 
George W. Chipman. 

CLAIMS. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 10.] 

Common Council. 
Jonas H. French, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
George W. Learnard, 
Artemas Stone, 
Edward W. Hinks. 



FINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 121.] 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
The Chairman of Board of 
Aldermen, ex officio. 



Common Council. 
George W. Chipman, 
George S. Dexter, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
William A. Bell, 
Edward F. Porter, 
William Marble. 



Aldermen. 
Charles Woodbury, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Salma E. Gould. 



FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 142 



Common Council. 
John W. T. Stodder, 
Samuel P. Whitman, 
Alvin Vinal, 
Austin Gove, 
Jedediah P. Bean. 



127 



Aldermen. 
Charles T. Woodman, 
John M. Clark. 



FIEE ALARMS. 

[Mun. Reg. p. 10.] 

Common Council. 
Jonathan B. Severance, 
Charles O. Rogers, 
Jeclediah P. Bean. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 



[Mun. Reg. p. 9.] 



Aldermen. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr. 
John M. Clark, 
Thomas Sprague. 



Common Council. 
George S. Jones, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Charles Nowell, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 
William P. Howard, 
Charles S. Burgess, 
Jonathan B. Severance, 



Aldermen. 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Samuel Topliff. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin F. Cooke, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Albion K. P. Joy. 



Aldermen. 
William Washburn, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Salma E. Gould. 



HARBOR. 

[Ord. p. 174.] 



Common Council. 
Edward F. Porter, 
William Marble, 
Charles S. Burgess. 



ORDINANCES. 
[Ord. p. 278.] 

Common Council. 
Charles Mayo, 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
George S. Dexter, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
William B. Merrill. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 306] 

Common Council. 
Hezekiah Prince, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
Artemas Stone, 
Samuel Jepson. 



Aldermen. 
Albion K. P. Joy, 
Benjamin F. Cooke, 
Robert Cowdin. 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 9.] 

Common Council. 
President Common Council, 

ex officio, 
Edward H. Brainard, 
William G. Harris, 
Hales W. Suter, 
George D. Ricker« 



128 



PUBLIC LANDS. 



Aldermen. 
Samuel Topliff, 
William Washburn, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Charles T. Woodman. 



[Ord. p. 309.] 



Alderman. 
John M. Clark. 



Aldermen. 
Robert Cowdin, 
Albion K. P. Joy, 
Charles Woodberry. 



Common Council. 
George W. Chipman, 
Farnham Plummer, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, 
Daniel Hall, 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
George W. Learnard. 



PRINTING. 

[Ord. p. 304.] 

Common Council. 
Charles O. Rogers, 
William H. Lounsbury. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 
[Ord. p. 256.] 

Common Council. 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Jonas H. French, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Joseph A. Pond. 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Robert Cowdin, 
Joseph L. Drew. 



Aldermen. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Samuel Topliff, 
Charles Woodberry. 



[Ord. p. 124.] 



Common Council. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Jairus A. Frost, 
William A. Bell. 



WATER. 
[Ord. p. 411.] 



Common Council. 
Samuel Hatch, 
Eben Tarbell, 
Samuel W. Ropes, 
Charles B. Farley, 
Edward W. Hinks. 



STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 



Edward H. Brainard, 
Charles 0. Rogers, 
William A. Bell. 



ON ELECTIONS. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 21.] 

Edward W. Hinks, 
Samuel P. Whitman. 



129 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF 
ALDERMEN. 

ARMORIES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS. 

Aldermen Cowdin, "Washburn and Cooke. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen Dunham, Gould and Woodberry. 

CEMETERIES. 

Aldermen Clark, Woodberry and Cowdin. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

Aldermen Topliff, Woodman and Cooke. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Clark, Topliff and Sprague. 

FANEUIL HALL. 

Aldermen Washburn, Woodman and Gould. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Drew, Sprague and Clark. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Sprague, Topliff and Drew. 

INTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Cooke, Topliff and Drew. 

LAMPS, BELLS AND CLOCKS. 

• Aldermen Dunham, Cowdin and Cooke. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Joy, Gould and Sprague. 

JAIL. 

Aldermen Woodberry, Clark and Joy. 

MARKET. 

Aldermen Washburn, Drew and Joy. 

PAVING, &C. 

Aldermen Dunham, Woodman and Sprague. 

SEWERS AND DRAINS. 

Aldermen Gould, Drew and Woodberry. 

STEAM ENGINES. 

Aldermen Cowdin, Joy and Woodman. 

STREETS, WIDENING, &C. 

Aldermen Woodman, Cowdin and Gould. 

WATCH AND POLICE. 

The Mayor. 

17 



130 
ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 

Principal Assessors. 

George E. Head, Samuel Norwood, George Jackson, Henry Sargent. 
Salary $1,400 each ; and $3,200 for Assistant Clerks. Per diem 
Assessors, William H. Lane, Benjamin Dodd, John G. Davis, with 
an allowance of $4 for each day's service. [Charter, § 24.] 



Assistant Assessors for 1854 residing in different Wards. 

Ward 
1 — Noah Harrod, 
Abel B. Munroe. 



2 — Mark Googins, 

Henry L. Gurney. 
3 — Andrew Abbot, 

Samuel A. Bradbury. 
4 — Asa Swallow, 

B. G. Boardman, jr. 
5 — Nathaniel Hammond, 

E. H. Little. 
6 — Charles Brown, 

James Hall. 



Ward. 
7— Calvin W. Clark, 

Joseph W. Merriam. 
8 — Otis Rich, 

Benjamin F. White. 
9 — Jesse Maynard, 
Francis Bundy. 
10' — Simeon H. Lewis, 

James Standish. 
11 — ;H. K. Hancock, 
Benjamin Smith. 
12 — John D. Richardson, 
William P. Houston. 



Samuel Norwood, Secretary. 

[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by concurrent 
vote of the City Council, in March, Statutes 1821. 110, § 15. 
City Ordinances, p. 399. The Assistant Assessors receive $3 for 
each day's service.] 



BRIDGES. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. Salary 
$900, and rent of Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by concurrent vote, 
in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Abner J. Garfield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. Salary 
$400, and rent of House and Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by con- 
current vote in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

David M. R. Dow, Superintendent of the Fast Boston and Chelsea 
Free Bridge. Salary $200. [Chosen by eoncun-ent vote in Jan- 
uary or February.] 



131 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Chief Engineer. 

Elisha Smith, Jr., 15 Indiana place. Salary $1,200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $250 each. 



Charles S. Clark, 
George W. Bird, 
George S. Thorn, 
Joseph Dunbar, 
James Quinn, 
Frederick A. Colburn, 
Nathaniel W. Pratt, 
Bailey T. Mills, 
David Chamberlin, 



32 Snow Hill street. 

Hawthorn place. 

Athens street, South Boston. 

4 Bennington street, East Boston. 

1 Morton street. 

American House, Hanover street. 

12 Cotting street. 

51 Pleasant street. 

41 Albany street. 



Henry Hart, Secretary. Salary $800. 

[Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote, 
pp. 126, 132.] 

Foremen of Engines. 



Ordinances, 



Mazeppa Co. No. 1. 
Ruel H. Bean, 

Perkins Co. No. 2. 
Daniel Weston, Jr. 

Eagle Co. No. 3. 
Edward W. Milliken, 

Cataract Co. No. 4. 
John S. Damrell, 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5. 
John S. Maxwell,___ 

Melville Co. No. 6. 
Charles Carter, 

Howard Co. No. 7. 
Charles C. Henry, 

Boston Co. No. 8. 
William A. Green,- 

Maverick Co. No. 9. 
John P. Somerby, 

Old North Co. No. 10. 
Joseph Baker, 

Despatch Co. No. 11. 
Hiram P. Grant, 

Tremont Co. No. 12. 
David Connery, 

Webster Co. No. 13. 
Joseph H. Bates, 



Broadway, South Boston. 
Fourth Street pi. South Boston. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
131 Fourth street, South Boston. 

Washington street. 
46 Oak street. 

Foot of Mount Vernon street. 

3 Champney place. 

East street. 
45 Hudson street. 

Leverett street. 
69 South Margin street. 

Purchase street. 
201 Washington street. 

Commercial street. 

4 Hanover avenue. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Webster street, East Boston. 

Meridian Street, East Boston. 
Sumner street, East Boston. 

Court square. 
6 Federal court. 

Tremont street. 
69 Fayette street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Maverick street. 



132 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. Friend street. 

Jeremiah S. Stevens, 80 Chardon street. 

Hook and Ladder Co. No, 2. Paris street, East Boston. 

"Warren Foster, 3 New street, East Boston. 
Hook and I^adder Co. No. 3. Harrison avenue. 

Orlando F. Marshall, 24 Rochester street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 1. Salem street. 

Charles E. Dunton, 24 Cooper street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 2. Hudson street. 

Sylvester Stone, 31 Tyler street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 3. Friend street. 

John S. Ryan, 70 High street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 5. Shaivmut avenue. 

William Lovell, 80 West Dedham street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 6. Paris street, East Boston. 

Joseph Barnes, Liverpool street, East Boston. 



There are attached to the department, 1 6 Foremen of Engine, Hook 
and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at $150 each; 1 6 Assistant 
Foremen, at $125 each; 16 Clerks, at $125 each; 16 Stewards, at 
$125 each ; 458 Members, at $100 each ; 5 Foremen, at $75 each ; 
5 Assistant Foremen, at $60 each ; 5 Clerks, at $60 each ; 5 Stew- 
ards, at $60 each ; 140 Members, at $50 each. There are 3 Engine 
Companies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant Com- 
pany, at East Boston, which are not required to attend Fires in the 
City proper, except by special order of the Chief Engineer — their 
compensation is as follows : — Foremen, $75 each per annum ; Assist- 
ant Foremen, $60 each ; Clerks, $60 each ; Stewards, $60 each ; 
Members, $50 each. [Ordinances, pp. 126, 132.] 

FIRE ALAR3J TELEGRAPH. 

Central Office, No. 8 City Building, Court Square. 

Superintendent, Moses G. Farmer. Salary $1,200 per annum. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in April or May.] 

Operators — George H. Burnham, R. H. Shapleigh, Edwin Rogers, 
Henry Edson. [Salary $2.00 per day.] 

A constant watch is kept at the Central Office night and day. 
Each operator is on duty four hours. Two persons are required to 
be about the office at all times for safety, in case of accident to any of 
the machinery, or sudden illness of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch, unless ex- 
pressly relieved by some one else. 

Each ojierator is accountable to the Superintendent for any omis- 
sions or mistakes that may occur at the Central Office during his 
hour of duty. 



133 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving eacli alarm, and 
of the District and Station from whence it originates. 

Alarms are transmitted to the Central Office from the Signal 
Stations or Boxes by turning the crank in the Box. The Police, 
Watch, and a person resident near each Box, have each a key to the 
Boxes. 

Alarms are usually given in less than a minute from the time the 
crank is turned in any Box, which is done in accordance with the 
following directions : — 

DIRECTIONS TO THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KEYS. 

1 . If a fire is discovered in your vicinity go to the nearest box in 
the District. 

2. Turn the crank iiventy-jive times, rather fast at first, then quite 
slowly at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as to direct the 
Firemen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn again. 
If still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The Watch upon hearing the bells, will spring their rattles 
and call the number of the District. 

The alarms will be given from the Central Station by striking the 
number of the District on the bells, and tapping the number of the 
Station in the boxes. 

PAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in case 
of fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless called for 
by the City, Authorities. 



1 There are 47 Signal Stations distributed and located in accordance 
with the following plan : — 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 
District No. 1. 

East and North of Leverett, Green, Court and State Streets. 

Station No. 1 Faneuil Hall. 

" 2. — Corner Marshall and Hanover Streets. 

" 3. — Richmond, East of Hanover Street. 

'■ 4. — Eastern Railroad Wharf. 

" 5. — Constitution Wharf. 

" 6. — Phipps Place, corner of Charter Street. 

" 7. — Cooper Street Church. 

" 8.— Boston and Maine Railroad Freight Depot. 

'■' 9. — Causeway, corner of Lowell street. 

- : 10. — Leverett, corner of Vernon street. 
11. — Sudbury Street, Williams' Stable. 

" 12. — Hull, corner of Snowhill Street. 

" 13. — Engine House No. 6, Wall street. 



134 



District No. 2. 

West ofLeverett, Green, Court, Tremont, and Boylston Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Church in North Russell Street. 

" 2. — West Cedar, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 3. — Engine House No. 4, foot of Mount Vernon Street. 

" 4. — West Centre, corner of Pinckney Street. 

" 5. — Reservoir, Hancock Street. 

" 6. — Bovvdoin, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 7. — Albion, Tremont Street. 

" 8. — Poplar, corner of Spring Street. 




District No. 3. 
Between the Water, Beach, Washington, Boylston, Tre- 
mont, Court and State Streets. 
Station No. 1 Old South Church. 

" 2. — Central, corner of Broad Street. 

*' 3. — Belmont, corner of High Street. 

" 4 — No. 21 Purchase Street. 

" 5. — Lincoln, corner of Summer Street. 

" 6. — Dr. Cabot's, Winter Street. 

« 7.— Central Office, City Building. 

" 8. — Engine House No. 7, Purchase Street. 



135 

District No. 4. 

Between Dover, the "Water, Beach, Washington and 
Boytston Streets. 
Station No. 1. — Old Colonv Railroad Depot. 

" 2 — Hydrant No. 2, House, Hudson Street. 

" 3. — Seneca Street, near Harrison Avenue. 

" 4. — Indiana Place Church. 

" 5. — Engine House No. 12, Warren Street. 

" 6. — Providence Railroad Depot. 

" 7.— Boylston Market. 

District No. 5. 

South of Dover Street. 
Station No. 1.— Engine House No. 3. • 

" 2. — Church on Shawmut Avenue, cor. Waltham St. 
" 3.— Hydrant No. 5. 

" 4. — Shawmut Avenue, corner of Northampton St. 
" 5. — Harrison Avenue, corner of Brookline Street. 

District No. 6. 

Comprises South Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Broadway, corner Turnpike Street. 
" 2. — Engine House No. 2. 

" 3 — Lyceum Hall 

" 4. — Broadway, near Dorchester Street. 
" 5 — House of Industry. 

District No. 7. 

Comprises East Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Near Toll House, on Boston side. 

HARBOR. 

George P. Tewksbury, Harbor Master. Salary $1200, and $830 for 
two Boatmen, and $150 for rent of Boat House. Chosen by con- 
current vote annually, "if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 172.] 

REGULATIONS. 



Section 1. All vessels in the upper harbor are to anchor according to the 
directions of the Harbor master. 

Section 2. All vessels in the upper harbor, not intended to be hauled into 
some wharf immediately, must anchor below the range of India Wharf, and the 
easterly point of East Boston, either on the north or south side of the channel, 
designated by the following marks, viz. : on the south by the tall steeple in Han- 
over street, in range with the Granite block on Long Wharf, and on the North by 
Long Island Light, in range with the half moon battery on Governor's Island. 

Section 3. The master, commander, or owners of vessels, shall, as soon as 
practicable, after having hauled to the end of any wharf that extends to the chan- 
nel in said harbor, cause her lower yards to be cock-billed, and her top sail yard 
to be braced fore and aft, and her jib-boom to be rigged in, and the yards and jib- 
boom shall be kept so arranged, while such vessel lies at the end of the wharf, as 
aforesaid, and until she is preparing immediately to leave her berth. 

Section 4. All vessels found lying in the stream, not anchored according to 
the regulations, and not having a sufficient crew to move them, will be moved by 
the Harbor-master at the vessel's expense. 

Section 5. No person shall throw or deposit in said harbor, or any part 
thereof, any stones, gravel, ballast, cinders, ashes, dirt, mud, or other substances, 
which may, in any respect, tend to injure the navigation thereof. 

Section 6. No warp or line shall be passed across the mouth of any slip, for 
the purpose of hauling any vessel by the said slip, before the vessel shall be within 
one hundred feet of said slip, if the owners or occupants thereof object, unless the 
Harbor master may think it necessary. 



136 

Section 7. All vessels at anchor in the harbor of Boston, shall keep an 
anchor-watch at all times, and shall keep a clear and distinct light suspended at 
least six feet above the deck, during the night ; and whenever the provisions of 
this section shall be violated on board any vessel, the master or owners shall be 
liable to a penalty of not more than twenty dollars, to' be recovered in the manner 
provided in the Act to which this is in addition, and shall be held liable to pay all 
damages that may be occasioned by such violence. 

Under no circumstances whatever are vessels permitted to anchor in the track 
of the ferry boats, or in Fore Point Channel. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish Regulations concerning the Harbor of Boston. 

Section 1. The Harbor- Master shall have authority to regulate the anchorage 
of all vessels in the upper harbor of Boston, and when necessary, to order the re- 
moval of such vessels, and to cause the same to be removed in obedience to such 
order, at the expense of the master or owners thereof; and if any person shall 
obstruct said Harbor master in the performance of any of his duties, as prescribed 
by this Act, or by the Act to which this is in addition, or shall neglect or refuse to 
obey any lawful order made by said Harbor master, he shall be liable to a penalty 
not exceeding fifty dollars for each offence. 



HEALTH. 

EXTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. Salary 
$200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May. City 
Ordinances, p. 211.] 

Nicholas Berry, Captain of the Quarantine Boat, pay $50 per 
month. 

The Quarantine Boat in the service of the Port Physician, and the 
men are paid by the City. She is used as a boarding boat, and 
visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to inspect their crews, 
passengers, and cargoes. 

INTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

Joseph Colburn, Superintendent of Health. Salary $1200. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote in January or February.] 

Daniel B. Curtis, Assistant Supt. Salary $720. [Appointed by 
Superintendent, and confirmed by the Board of Aldermen.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1000. Chosen by con- 
current vote in May. Office, City Building, Court square. [City 
Ordinances, p. 2l)9.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, James Ayer, Jacob Bigelow 
(one vacancy), Consulting Physicians. Chosen by concurrent 
vote in May or June. [City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Nicholas A. Apollonio, City Registrar. Salary $1200. Chosen in 
February or March, by concurrent vote of the City Council. [City 
Ordinances, p. 8^7.] 



137 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial Grounds 
and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, and Marriages, and 
grants Certificates of all Intentions of Marriage. 

David W. Foster, Clerk. Salary $850. 
George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 

UNDERTAKERS. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 212.] 

Caleb I. Pratt, 179 Federal street. 

Oren Faxon, 700 Washington street. 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Richard Dillon, 2 Avery place. 

John Peak, 1 Leverett street. 

Charles Houghton, 167 Silver street, South Boston. 

Constant T. Benson, 82 Prince street. 

Harum Merrill, 5 West Brookline street. 

John White, 3 Lewis street, East Boston. 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Lowell Institute. 

William Cooley, 42 Cambridge street. 

Charles Cook, 125 Hudson street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 

David Marden, 3 Revere place. 

John W. Pierce, 12 Purchase street. 

Nahum P. Whitney, 1 Lovett place. 

James Lynde, 23 Snowhill street. 

Philip E. Field, 63 B street, South Boston. 

John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 106 Beach street. 

Levi L. Whitcomb, 3 Saratoga street. 

Luther L. Tarbell, UN. Russell street. 

David Gugenheimer, 102 Warren street. 

Job T. Cole, 132 Fourth street. 

Jacob C. Phelps, 57 West Castle street. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Institutions, the 
Master of the House of Correction, are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council. The other officers are appointed by the 
Directors of the different Houses. 

HOUSE OF INDUSTRY, AT DEER ISLAND. 

Office, City Hall. 

Directors. — Wm. Dall, Chairman, James W. Stone, Henry M. Hol- 
brook, Josiah Dunham, Jr., John M. Clark, Philo Sanford, Peter 
C. Jones, Henry L. Gurney, John Flint, John Cowdin, and John 

18 



138 

M. Wriglit. [Chosen in May. Ordinances, p. 236.] Clerk of 

Directors, William Willett. Salary $1200. 

The Board meet the first Thursday at Deer Island ; the third 
Thursday at the House of Reformation ; all other Thursdays at their 
office, City Hall. 

John M. Moriarty, Superintendent. Salary paid by External Health 
Department. [See page 136.] 

John S. "Whiting, Physician. [See page 136.] 

There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston and Mason 
Funds to the Chaplain, $500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; Assistant 
Teacher, $300. 

HOUSE OF REFORMATION AT SOUTH BOSTON. 

This Institution was established for the Education and Reformation 
of juvenile offenders, and is under the care of the Directors of the 
House of Industry. 

In the House of Reformation Department, there is paid to the Male 
Teacher-, $500, and to two Assistants $300 each ; and to the 
Matron, $200. [Appointed by the Directors.] 

HOUSE OF CORRECTION. 

Office, City Building. 

Overseers. — Wm. H. Foster, Chairman ; Benjamin L. Allen, Francis 
C. Manning, Bradley N. Cumings, Benjamin Beal, Thacher Beal, 
Ezra H. Baker, Elijah Williams, Thos. D. Demond, John A. 
Cummings, James H. Beal, Francis B. Winter. Chosen from 
time to time, generally in the month of May. [Ordinances, p. 219. 
Mun. Reg. p. 48.] 
The Board meet at City Building on Friday afternoons. 

Master. — Charles Robbins. Salary $1200, and board in House. 

Deputy Master. — Silas P. Walker. Salary $600, and board in House. 

Clerk to. Master. — P. R. Irwin. Salary $450, and board in House. 

Clerk to Overseers. — Calvin Whiting. Salary $800. 

Chaplain.— Rev. J. T. Burrill. Salary $1100. 

There is also paid to seven Male Assistants, $450 each, and board ; 
two at $350, and four at $300. Three Female Assistants, at $250 
each, and two at $200. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Geo. Odiorne, Chairman ; Wm. M. Cornel!, Thomas 
Sprague, Leonard Small, Geo. S. Jones, Ephraim Buck, D. McB. 
Thaxter, jr. [Chosen in January or February. Ordinances, 
p. 270.] 

The Board meet each Tuesday afternoon, at the City Hall, except 
the third Tuesday of each month, when they visit the Hospital. 



139 

Clement A. Walker, M.D., Superintendent and Physician to the 
above Institution and House of Correction. Salary $1500, and 
Board in the House. [Chosen in June, by the Visitors. Mun. 
Reg. p. 65.] 

There are also attached to this Institution, 

One Male and one Female Supervisor. Seven male Attendants, 
$180 each ; seven female Attendants, $130 each; one Laundress and 
one Housekeeper, at $156 each; two Cooks, at $2 per week ; one 
Sempstress, at $2.50 per week ; House Attendant, at $2 per week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at South 
Boston receive $600, which amount is shared by the three Insti- 
tutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

Office, City Hall. 
Charter, (§ 52.) 
( Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 

Ward 1 — John Pratt, 195 Salem street. 

2 — Ephraim Brock, Central square, East Boston. 
3— William B. Follett, 10 North Margin street. 
4 — Silas Durkee, 50 Howard street. 
5 — John White, 38 Leverett street. 
6 — John Hoppin, 27 Charles street. 
7 — Edmund T. Eastman, 9 Summer street. 
8 — John W. Warren, 49 Harrison avenue. (Chairman.) 
9 — Calvin Whiting, 24 Warren street. 
10 — Israel S. Trafton, 47 Harvard street. 
11 — Daniel C. Berry, 174 Shawmut avenue. 
12 — Isaac T. Campbell, 153 Broadway. 

James Phillips, Secretary. 
The Board meet on £he first and third Wednesdays of every month, 
at 3 P.M., at their office, City Hall. 

The Overseers of the Poor are likewise incorporated as a Board of 
Trustees of John Boylston's and other charitable funds, left for the 
assistance of persons of good character and advanced age, " who have 
been reduced by misfortune to indigence and want." 
John W. Warren, Treasurer and Cleric of the Corporation. 

The meetings of the Board of Trustees are held in April and 
October. 

LAMPS. 

Wm. Barnicoat, Superintendent of Lamps. Office, City Building. 
Salary $1000 per annum, and $200 for clerk hire. [Appointed 
by the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ordinances, p. 250.] 

There are 1872 Gas Lamps in City proper; 192 in East Boston ; 
198 in South Boston. Total, 2262. 

There are 552 Fluid Lamps in Boston proper ; 204 in East Boston ; 
263 in South Boston. Total, 1019. 



140 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

The Public Buildings of the City and County comprise the City 
Hall, the Registry of Deeds, the Court House, Faneuil Hall, and 
Faneuil Hall Market House, the new Stone Jail and Dead House, 
the Institutions at South Boston and Deer Island, the Old State 
House, the City Building (so called), all the Grammar and Primary 
School Houses, and all the Engine, Hydrant, and Hook and Ladder 
Houses in the City, besides other buildings used for public purposes. 

Samuel C. Nottage. Superintendent of Public Buildings. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April 
or May.] 



PUBLIC LANDS. 

Robert W. Hall, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office, City Hall. 
Salary $1200. [Chosen in April or May. City Ordinances, 
p. 811.] 

The Superintendent has the care and custody of all the Public Lands 
belonging to the City " except the Common, the Land and flats 
west of Charles Street, Deer Island, the lands connected with the 
Public Institutions at South Boston, or any other lands held for 
specific purposes." 

Ezra L. Ryder. Superintendent of the Common, Malls, and Public 
Squares. Salary $1000. [Appointed by the Committee on the 
Common, &c] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

Instituted, A. D. 1852. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 75 ] 

Trustees. — Hon. Edward Everett, President, George Ticknor, John 
P. LSigelow, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Thomas G. Appleton, John 
M. Clark, Joseph Story. [Chosen by concurrent vote in Jan- 
uary.] 

Librarian. — Edward Capen. Salary $1000. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote in October.] Samuel M. Bedlington, John W. M. Ap- 
pleton, Assistants. 

The Library is open every day, with the exception of Sundays and 
the holidays, for the delivery of books for home use, from 3 to 8 
o'clock P. M. ; and the Reading Room connected therewith is open 
from 9 A. M. to 9.30 P. M., both of which privileges are enjoyed 
freely by all who agree to conform to the regulations of the Public 
Library. 



141 

The Library is, at present, situated in the Adams School House 
Building, in Mason street. Joshua Bates, Esq., of London, whose 
early life was passed in Boston, having offered to this City the munifi- 
cent sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars towards the purchase of Books 
for the Public Library of the City, if the City would erect a suitable 
building for that purpose ; on the 24th of February, 1853, an order 
was passed by the City Council, authorizing the Committee on the 
Library, in conference with the Board of Trustees, to purchase a 
suitable site for the erection of a building which should be fully 
adapted to the purpose of Mr. Bates's donation. Accordingly said 
Committee purchased two estates on Boylston street, opposite the 
Common. 

And the following Board of Commissioners has been appointed by 
the City Council, to prepare plans, and superintend the erection of a 
suitable building on said site. 

Commissioners on the erection of a Public Library. 

[Mun. Reg. p. 92.] 

Robert C. "Winthrop, President. 

Samuel G. Ward, 

George Ticknor, 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 

George W. Warren, 

George Odiorne, 

(One vacancy.) 

Edward Capen, Clerk. 



MARKET. 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market. Salary 
$1200. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in June or 
July. City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. pp. 65, 67.] 

Thomas Bennett, Deputy Superintendent. Salary $800 per annum. 
[City Ordinances, p. 109. Mun. Reg. p. 67.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

The limits of Faneuil Hall Market include the lower floor, porches 
and cellars of the building called Faneuil Hall Market, and the streets 
on each side thereof called North Market street and South Market 
street, except the northerly sidewalk of North Market street, and 
the southerly sidewalk of South Market street ; and also all those 
parts of Commercial street and the street lying between the Market 
building and Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said 
sidewalks extended easterly and westerly across said street. 



142 

POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

This department is under the immediate direction of the Mayor. 
It is employed in the detection of criminals, and has the superintend- 
ence of places of public amusement, carriages, wagons, trucks, pawn- 
brokers, junk shops, intelligence offices, &c. 

Under the present organization, the Police are divided into day 
and night police ; the night police performing the duties devolving 
on watchmen. 

Robert Taylor, Chief of Police. Salary, $1800. Office, City Hall 
[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in May or June. City 
Ord. p. 272. Mun. Reg. p. 66.] 

Luther A. Ham, First Police Deputy. Salary $1000. Hezekiah 
Earl, Second Police Deputy. Salary $800. [Nominated by Chief 
of Police, and confirmed by Mayor and Aldermen.] 

Horace G. Barrows, Clerk of Police. 

Rufus C. Marsh, Superintendent of Coaches, Carriages, fyc. 

George W. Oliver, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, fyc. 

There are eight Police Stations, the location and officers of which 
are as follows : — 

Station No. 1. 
Old Hancock School House, Hanover street. 

Edward H. Savage, Captain. 

Arnold C. Whitcomb, Nathaniel G. Davis, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 2. 

Williams Court. 
Asa Morrill, Captain. 
Oliver Whitcomb, Harrison Marsh, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 3. 

Leverett Street. 

Samuel G. Adams, Captain. 

Simon F. Wright, P. Harvey, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 4. 

Washington Street, at Boylston Market. 

William D. Eaton, Captain. 

George C. McGregor, John S. Hunt, Lieutenants 

Station No. 5. 

Canton Street Place. 

George M. King, Captain. 

Cyrus Small, William Chadbourn, Lieutenants. 



143 



Station No. 6. 

Broadway, South Boston. 

Thomas M. Smith, Captain. 

Henry T. Dyer, Jacob Herrick, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 7. 

Paris Street, above Maverick Square. 

J. L. Philbrick, Captain. 

James Adams, Samuel Dillaway, Jr., Lieutenants. 

Station No. 8. — (Harbor Police.) 
Head of Lincoln's Wharf. 
William B. Tarleton, Captain. 

constables. 



Appointed and Qualified. 



Jedediah P. Bean, 
"Wm. Blaisdell, 
Wm. Calder, 
Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp, 
Rums R. Cook, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
Edward D. Carpenter, 
Daniel B. Curtis, 
James Curtis, 
Albert G. Dawes, 
Charles H. Dennie, 
George J. Dexter, 
Wm. D. Eaton, 
Wm. Fairfield, 
Elisha V. Glover, 
Benj. Heath, 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
John C. Harrington, 
Luther Hutchins, 
Edward J. Jones, 
Isaac B. Kimball, 
John T. Lawton, 



John C. Leighton, 
Joseph W. Leighton, 
Charles J. Merrill, 
Harum Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
David Patterson, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
Jabez Pratt, 
Edwin Rice, 
James P. Rice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
James E. Spear, 
Elijah K. Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Henry C. Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson. 



[City Ord. p. 83.] 



144 

The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the Citizens 
on Election days. 



Ward 
1 — James E. Spear. 
2 — Wni. Munroe. 
3 — Jabez Pratt. 
4— Geo. D. Phillips. 
5 — David Patterson. 
6— Elisha V. Glover. 



Ward 

7 — George J. Dexter. 

8 — Charles Smith. 

9 — Isaac A. Cooledge. 
10 — Zaccheus Holmes. 
11— Albert G. Dawes. 
12— John T. Lawton. 



Constables appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make complaints 
against Truant Children and Absentees from School. [City Ordi- 
nances, p. 402. Salary, $800 per annum. 



William F. Reed, 
John C. Pattee, 



William H. Brown. 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

Moore & Crosby, 130 Washington Street, City Printers. Work 
done by contract. [City Ordinances, p. 304.] 

The newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertisements, fyc. 
are published, comprise all the daily papers, and the American 
Patriot, South Boston Gazette, and East Boston Ledger. [Elected 
by the City Council, in February or March.] Compensation not 
exceeding $300 each for daily papers, and $100 each per annum 
for weekly papers. 



SEWERS. 

Charles B. Wells, Superintendent of Common Seioers. Office, City 
Hall. Salary $1500. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May or 
June. City Ordinances, p. 358.] 



SOLICITOR. 

George S. Hillard, City Solicitor, Office No. 4 Court street. Salary 
$2500, his office expenses, and $200 for clerk hire. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote in June. City Ordinances, p. 360.] 



STREETS. 

The Mayor and Aldermen are Surveyors of Highivays. [Charter, 
§41.] 

Alfred T. Turner, Superintendent of Streets, Office, City Hall. Sal- 
ary $1400. [Chosen by concurrent vote in January or February. 
City Ordinances, p. 383.] 



145 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Frederic U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector. 
Salary $3000; and $5700 for permanent assistant clerks, $1100 
of which is paid to a clerk, whose duty it is to receive money for 
the Water Rates. [Chosen by the City Council in Convention, 
in May, City Charter, § 42.] 



DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



James Pierce, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
Eben F. Gay, 
Moses Bass, 



Ephraim L. Eliot, 
Henry Nichols, 
John G. N. Taylor. 



[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, §1,13. City 
Ordinances, p. 119. They are also appointed Constables by the 
Mayor and Aldermen.] 

Elisha Copeland, City Auditor. Salary $2500, and $1500 for clerk 
hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council in May. 
City Ordinances, p. 396.] 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE WATER. BOARD. 

Office 119^ Washington Street. 

[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordinances, 
p. 424.] 

Thomas Wetmore, Chairman. 



William Washburn, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Thomas Sprague, 

Samuel Holbrook, Clerk 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Adam W. Thaxter, Jr» 
Charles Stoddard. 



J. Avery Richards, Water Registrar. Salary $1300. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in September or October. Ord. 
p. 425.] 

CITY ENGINEER* 

E. Sylvester Chesbrough. Salary $2500. 
Henry S. McKean, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1200. 
Office, 119|- Washington street. 

[Chosen in September or October, by concurrent vote. Ordinances, 
p. 425.] 



146 



The following City Officers are paid by fees, and are annually ap- 
pointed by the City Council. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

George W. Cram. Office, 25 Doane street. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in February. City Ordinances, p. 260.] 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 

[City Ordinances, p. 261.] 



Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 



Timothy Abbott, 
Francis Allen, 
Charles Bullard, 
Hiram Crego, 
George Davis, 
George Dupee, 
Osgood Eaton, 
Thomas H. Holland, 
George Hall, 
Charles Hersey, 
John Lefavor, 
Josiah Marston, 
Nehemiah T. Merritt, 
Thomas Milliken, 
George Page, 
Charles TV. Smith, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Charles H. Simpson, 
John Kenney, 
Edward TVillett, 
Samuel TValdron, 
William Keith, 
John TV. Young, 



21 Broadway, South Boston. 

226 Shawmut avenue. 

14 Fayette, street. 

10 Tyler street. 

4 West Brooldine street. 

332 Tremont street. 

38 Hull street. 

42 Harvard street. 

26 South Russell street. 

77 Brighton street. 

2 Porter street, East Boston. 

204 Fourth street, South Boston. 

440 Harrison avenue. 

36 Ash street. 

G street, South Boston. 

10 Camden street. 

143 Lexington street, East Boston. 

437 Tremont street. 

204 Fourth street, South Boston. 

35 Porter street. 

103 Broadway, South Boston. 

2 Lyndeboro' place. 

49 Chelsea street, East Boston. 



Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, 31 Dover street. 

Surveyors of Oak, and other Hard Wood. 



Seth Brooks, 
Gad Leavitt, 
E. Kirk Sparrell, 
John B. Drew, 



Saratoga street, East Boston. 

Franklin House. 

East Boston. 

Princeton and Marion streets, E. Boston. 



Inspectors of Lime. — Isaac Jones, James H. Collins. 
Fence Viewers. — William P. Houston, Martin H. Cross. 
Cullers of Dry Fish. — Nehemiah P. Mann, Moses Miller. 



147 

Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — Lewis Beck, Mark F. Nason. 

Assay Master. — Samuel F. Guild. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Samuel Stinson, Walter W. 
Homer, Aaron P. Pond. 

The following are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 

Weigher of Hay, fyc. — John R. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurers of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon, Benjamin B. 
Webster. [Ordinances, p. 254.] 

Measurer of Wood and Bark brought by land. — John R. Bradford. 
[Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Measurer of Wood, brought by water. — Warren Bowker. [Ordi- 
nances, p. 444.] 

Inspectors of Ballast, and Weighers of Boats and Lighters. — Abijah 
R. Tewksbury, Henry Curtis. [Appointed in March or April. 
Ordinances, p. 33. Mun. Reg. p. 78, 87.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. — [Licensed from time to time, until the 
first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures. — Peter H. Walker. [Ordinances, 
pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Elbridge G. Dudley, 
Israel M. Barnes, Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, Caleb W. 
Hartshorn, Joseph Urann, Henry R. Andrews. [Ordinances, 
p. 181.] 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 

The duties of Judge of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
are performed by the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, or 
some one of them. [Act 1843, ch. 7.] 

George W. Cooley, Attorney. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 



148 



SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

Joseph Eveleth, Sheriff and Jailor. 

Gustavus Andrews, 

William P. Baker, 

Alonzo F. Neale, 

Daniel J. Coburn, 

Benjamin F. Bayley, y Deputies. 

Erastus W. Sanborn, 

Joseph A. Willard, 

Joseph D. Coburn, 

Erastus Rugg, Chelsea. 

William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailor. 

Jabez Pratt, Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, Erastus W. Sanborn, Jacob 
Herrick, Charles H. Stedman, William Andrews, William M. Cor- 
nell, Hamlet Bates, Chelsea, Edward Floyd, Winthrop, Coroners. 

POLICE COURT. 

John Gray Rogers, } Justices of the Police Court and of the Justices' 
Abel Cushing, >- Court. Salary $1800 each. [Rev. Stat. 

Thomas Russell, ) ch. 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary $1800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 

William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1500. [Rev. Stat. ch. 
87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary $1000. 
S. Edward Ireson, Third Assistant Clerk. Salary $800. 

Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court are the 
Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. Act 1843, 
Ch. 61, § 2.] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police Court, con- 
stitute the Board of Accounts for the County. [Revised Statutes, 
p. 164. Ord. p. 96.] They are allowed $3 for each day's actual 
service in auditing the County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 

William Easterbrook, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary 
$700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant Keeper. Salary $700. [Appointed by 
Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme Court.] 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

FOR 1855. 



Ex officiis. 



Hon. J. V. C. Smith, Mayor, Chairman, 
Joseph Story, President of the Common Council, 

ELECTED FOR ONE TEAK. ELECTED FOE TWO TEARS. ELECTED FOR THREE TRS. 

Ward 

1-Moses Miller, 
Albert Day, 



2-Richard Soule, Jr. 
Samuel W. Hall, 

3-J. Proctor Haskins, 
George W. Vose, 

4—Francis E. Parker, 
Benj. S. Shaw, 

5-John F. Jarvis, 
Aug. 0. Brewster, 

6-Timothy Bigelow, 
Joel W. Hubbard, 

7-J. Amory Davis, 
Geo. W. Blagden, 

8-Samuel W. Bates, 
John S. Holmes, 

9-Chas. W. Calkins, 
John Newell, 

10-Enoch C. Rolfe, 
Thaddeus Allen, 

11-Colman S. Adams, 
Ephraim G. Ware, 

12-Henry A. Drake, 
James D. Russell, 



Lyman B. Hanaford, 
Isaac B. Mills, 

Rufus W. Clark, 
Warren H. Cudworth, 

N. Webster Farley, 
Uriah K. Mayo, 

S. K. Lothrop, 
M. P. Stickney, 

Enoch Plummer, 
George Russell, 

Henry Upham, 
Josh. G. Wilbur, 

Aug. A. Gould, 
John Codman, 

Rufus Ellis, 

J. I. T. Coolidge, 

George Norton, 
Ambrose A. Ranney, 

Samuel Holbrook, 
Solomon J. Gordon, 

Charles W. Moore, 
Alvah Hobbs, 

Jasper H. York, 
Horace Smith, 



Ephraim Buck, 
Geox-ge Fabyan. 

James N. Sykes, 
Marcus B. Leonard. 

Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Isaac H. Hazelton. 

Nath'l B. ShurtlefF, 
Ezra Palmer, Jr. 

William Howe, 
Frederick Emerson. 

George W. Tuxbury, 
Charles Thacher. 

Le Baron Russell, 
Robert W. Hooper. 

George H. Lyman, 
John B. Alley. 

Otis A. Skinner, 
William W. Baker. 

Henry Willard, 
William M. Cornell. 

Norman C. Stevens, 
James A. Fox. 

D. McB. Thaxter,Jr., 
Calvin Damon. 



Nathan Bishop, Superintendent of Public Schools. Office in City 

Hall. Office hours from 12 to 2 o'clock, P. M. 
Barnard Capen, Secretary of School Committee. In the Superin- 
tendent's office. 



ORGANIZATION 

OF THE 

BOARD OP. SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Committee on Elections — Messrs. Solomon J. Gordon, John F. 
Jarvis, N. Webster Farley, Alvah Hobbs, Lyman B. Hanaford. 

Committee on Rules and Regulations — Messrs. George W. Tux- 
bury, James N. Sykes, Ambrose A. Ranney, Joshua G. Wilbur, Col- 
man S. Adams. 

Committee on Salaries — Messrs. Henry A. Drake, William W. 
Baker, Samuel W. Hall, James A. Fox, Moses Miller. 

Committee on Accounts — Messrs. William W. Baker, John S. 
Holmes, Benjamin S. Shaw, Enoch C. Rolfe, Joel W. Hubbard. 

Committee on Text-BooTcs — Messrs. Otis A. Skinner, Francis E. 
Parker, Charles W. Moore, John Codman, Charles Thacher. 

Committee on School Houses — Messrs. Robert W. Hooper, Isaac 
H. Hazelton, Henry Willard, Marcus B. Leonard, Albert Day. 

LATIN' SCHOOL. 

COMMITTEE. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 

George W. Blagden, 10 Central court. 

Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 

D. McB. Thaxter, Jr., 370 Broadway, S. Boston. 

Francis E. Parker, 5 Hamilton place. 
Francis Gardner, Blaster. 
Caleb Emery, Sub-Master. 

John Noble, Charles J. Capen, and Thomas H. Chandler, Ushers. 
Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL. 

COMMITTEE. 

S. K. Lothrop, 42 Court street. 

Augustus A. Gould, 15 West street. 

George W. Tuxbury, 18 Louisburg square. 

Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street, E. Boston. 

Calvin Damon, 99 F street, S. Boston. 
Thomas Sherwin, Master. 
Luther Robinson, First Suit-Master. 
Charles M. Cumston, Second Sub-Master. 
Luther W. Anderson, and Ephraim Hunt, Ushers. 
Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 



151 



GIRLS HIGH AND NORMAL SCHOOL. 

COMMITTEE. 

Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 

Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 

Richard Soule, Jr., 13 Sumner street, E. Boston. 

Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 

William M. Cornell, 630 Washington street. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Mary J. Tarr, Caroline C. Johnson, Mary F. Eastman, Assistants. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Note. — The Salaries of the Instructors in the various Schools are established 
as follows, viz. 

The Masters of the Latin, the English High, and the Girls' High and Normal 
Schools have a salary of $2,400 each per annum. 

The Sub-Masters in the Latin and the English High School have $1,500 for the 
first year's service, with an increase of $100 for each additional year's service until 
the salary amounts to $1,800 per annum. The Ushers in these schools have 
$1,000 for the first year's service, with an increase of $100 for each additional 
year's service, until the salary amounts to $1,500 per annum. 

The Masters of the Grammar Schools have $1,500 for the first year's service, 
with an increase of $100 for each additional year's service until the salary amounts 
to $1,800 per annum. The Sub-Masters in these schools have $1,000 for the first 
year's service with an increase of $100 for each additional year's service, until the 
salary amounts to $1,200 per annum. The Ushers in these schools have $700 for 
the first year's service, with an increase of $100 for each additional year's service, 
until the salary amounts to $900 per annum. Head Assistants in the Normal School 
have $500 per annum ; other assistants in this school $450 per annum. Head 
Assistants in the Grammar Schools have $450 per annum ; all other Assistants in 
these schools, and all Teachers in the Primary Schools have $250 for the first years' 
service, with an increase of $50 for each additional year's service, until the salary 
amounts to $400 per annum. Teachers of Sewing in the Grammar Schools for 
Girls have $200 per annum, and the Teachers of Vocal Music have $125 per 
annum for each school instructed in this branch. 



152 



THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS, ARRANGED IN ALPHA- 
BETICAL ORDER. 

BIGELOW" SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Henry A. Drake, Chairman, 251 Broadway. 
Duncan McB. Thaxter, Jr., 370 Broadway. 
Jasper II. York, 206 Broadway. 
Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 
James D. Russell, 284 Second street. 

Bigelow School, Fourth street, South Boston. 
Joseph Hale, Master. Julia M. Baxter, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Martha C. Jenks, Elizabeth Williams, Emily R. Baxter, 

Celinda Seaver, Elizabeth Crafts, Rachel C. Mather, 

Myra S. Butterfield. 

Caroline E. Poree, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers, Location. Sub- Committees, 

Caroline N. Davis, No. 2-Bigelow Sch. house, Messrs. Thaxter * 

Sarah E. R. Manning, 4 " " and Drake. 

Annie C. Gill, 1 " " Messrs. Smith 

Lucy E. Lovell, 3 " " and Thaxter. 

Mary H. Faxon, 1-City Point, Messrs. Russell, 

Susan W. Smith, 4 " « York, and 

Elizabeth S. Kettell, 2 « " Smith. 

BOWDOIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Henry UphAm, Chairman, 19 Butolph street. 

Benjamin S. Shaw, 13 Bowdoin street. 

Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 

Timothy Bigelow, 3 Hancock street. 

J. G. Wilbur, 53 Hancock street. 

G. W. Tuxbury, 18 Louisburg square. 

Charles Thacher, 40 Chesnut street. 

Bowdoin School, Myrtle street. 
Abraham Andrews, Master. 

James Robinson, Assistant Teacher of Arithmetic. 
Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, Head Assistants. 

* The person first named on every Sub Committee is the Chairman. 



153 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mary S. Robinson, Marcy Ann Smith, 
Hannah S. Andrews, Louisa Clark, 
Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Martha A. Palmer, 

Eliza J. Baxter, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 



Sarah R. Andrews, 
Mary A. Proctor. 



Teachers, 
Lucy A. Clark, 
Mary A. Howe, 
Rebecca R. Thayer, 

Sarah E. Wiesenthal, 
Priscilla C. Sampson, 
Sarah A. Cashing, 
Lydia A. Woodward, 
F. D. R. Whitman, 
Harriet N. Pike, 
Elnora P. Hellesen, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. Sub- Committees, 

No. 1-Bowdoin Sq. church, Messrs. Shaw 
2 and Palmer. 

Messrs. Thacher 

and Shaw. 
Messrs. Tuxbury 

and Thacher. 
Messrs. Wilbur 
and Tuxbury. 
Messrs. Bigelow 

and Wilbur. 
Messrs. Palmer 
and Bigelow. 



1— Franklin street, 

1-Joy street, 
1-May street, 
3-Blossom street, 
2 " « u 

2 a a 

2-Franklin street, 

3 " " 



BOYLSTON SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

John Codman, Chairman, 13 Franklin place, 
George W. Blagden, 10 Central court. 
J. Amory Davis, 1 Otis place. 
Augustus A. Gould, 15 West street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
Robert W. Hooper, 44 Summer street. 
Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 
John S. Holmes, 46 Court street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Boylsion School, Fort Hill. 
Charles Kimball, Master. William T. Adams, Sub-Master. 

William P. Harding, Usher. Mary G. Clement, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS, 

Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, Rosetta M. Hodges, Caroline Leavitt, 
Ellen M. S. Treadwell, Mary S, Smith, Sarah M. Holland, 

Maria A. Moulton, Laura P. Holland, Sarah E. Moulton. 

Eliza A. Baxter, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 





PRIMARY 


SCHOOLS. 




Teachers, 
C. Weed; 
C. A. Curtis, 
E. Peaslee, 
Mary E. Sawyer, 
A. M. Parker, 


No 


9- 
8 

7 
5 
6 


Location, 
-Lane place. 

it a 
a a 
a a 
a u 


Sub- Committees, 

Messrs. Davis 
' and Gould. 


20 










t 



154 



Teachers, 


Location, 


Sub- Committees, 


M. W. Parker, 


No. 3-Lane place, 




M. B. Clapp, 
M. A. Rotch, 
M. F. Tappan, 


4 « « 
2 « " 


Messrs. Holmes 
and Russell. 


A. M. Newmarch, 


2- Williams street. 




0. C. Hurd, 


3 " " 




H. B. Haven, 
M. J. Coburn, 
J. B. Lombard, 


2 « a 
4 « « 
1— Purchase place, 


Messrs. Blagden 
and Alley. 


L. B. Felt, 


3— Belcher lane, 




A. M. Lecain, 


]_ « « 




H. B. Cutler, 

A. E. N. Treadwell, 

S. S. Parsons, 


2 " " 

3-Fort Hill, 
j » « 


Messrs. Hooper 
and Lyman. 


A. E. Edwards, 


9 (t « 





BRIMMER SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Otis A. Skinner, Chairman, 17 Tyler street. 
Charles W. Calkins, 145 Pleasant street. 
Ambrose A. Ranney, 5 Pleasant street. 
John Newell, 2 Warren street. 
George Norton, 346 Tremont street. 
Augustus A. Gould, 15 West street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Brimmer School in Common street. 

Joshua Bates, Master. Daniel C. Brown, Sub-Master. 

William L. P. Boardman, Usher. Anna L. Gage, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mary E. Beck, Ellen B. Cunningham, Helen M. Chaffee, 

Mary Taylor, Mary M. Knight, Augusta H. Farrar. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



Teachers, 
Elizabeth Goodridge, 

Sarah R. Bowles, 
E. F. Andrews, 
Mary B. Sweet, 

Deborah Burgess, 
Dorcas B. Baldwin, 
C. M. E. Richardson, 
Helen A. W. Peck, 



primary schools. 

Location, Sub- Committees, 

No. 1-Brimmer Sch. house, Messrs. Skinner 

and Ranney. 



2-Warren 
1 " 
3 " 


street, 
a 
u 


Messrs. Alley 

and Lyman. 

Messrs. Gould 


5 
4 




and Lyman. 
Mesrss. Lyman 
and Gould. 


1-Newbern place, 
2 " « 


Messrs. Calkins 
and Newell. 



155 



Teachers, 


Location, 


Sub- Committees, 


Sarah E. Gillespie, 


No. 3-Newbern place, 


Messrs. Newell 
and Calkins. 


Priscilla S. Taft, 


1-South Cedar street. 


Messrs. Skinner 


Eliza E. Foster, 


3 " " 


and Norton. 


Anne M. Bourne, 


2 " " 


Messrs. Norton 
and Ranney. 



CHAPMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Rufus W. Clark, Chairman, 101 Webster street. 
Warren H. Cud worth, Secretary, 1 Meridian street. 
Richard Soule, Jr., 13 Sumner street. 
James N. Sykes, 8 Terrace place. 
Samuel W. Hall, 95 Webster street. 
Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 

Chapman School in Eutaw street. 

John P. Averill, Master of Boys' Department. 
Jane E. Gilbert, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Adeline E. Clapp, 
Julia T. Beale, 
Sarah J. D'Arcy, 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Mary E. Morton, 
Elizabeth F. Dickason. 



Percival W. Bartlett, Master of Girls' Department. 
Estelle Ditson, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Charlotte L. Stockwell, 
Helen M. Caldwell, 



Lucy A. Wiggin, 
Sarah F. Whitmore, 
Mary A. Pingrey. 

Mary A. Conley, Teacher of Sewing 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers, 




Location, 


Sub- Committees, 


Emily C. Sturtevant, 


No. 3- 


-Porter street, 


Mr* Leonard. 


S. 0. Macreading, 


4 


u a 


Mr. Cudworth. 


Susan M. Underwood, 


2 


a a 


Mr. Clark. 


Emily C. Morse, 


5 


a a 


Mr. Sykes. 


Sarah A. Pratt, 


1 


U U 


Mr. Hall. 


Rosa L. Morse, 


6 


a a 


Mr. Soule. 


Kate W. Lincoln, 


3- 


•Lexington street, 


Mr. Cudworth. 


Jane E. Beals, 


1 


(t u 


Mr. Leonard. 


Louisa Curtis, 


2 


a a 


Mr. Soule. 


Mary E. Morse, 


1- 


-Chelsea street, 


Mr. Leonard. 


Mary 0. Smith, 


2 


U i( 


Mr. Hall. 



156 



DWIGHT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Norman C. Stevens, Chairman, 6 West Brookline street. 

Charles W. Moore, 42 Concord street. 

Ephraim G. Ware, 1 East Dedham street. 

Alvah Hobbs, 156 Shawmut avenue. 

Colman S. Adams, 214 Shawmut avenue. 

James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 

Samuel Holbrook, 129 Hudson street. 

Henry Willard, 8 Oak street. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

Dioight School in Concord street. 

James A. Page, Master of Boys' Department, 
William F. Basto, Sub-Master. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Elizabeth P. Wyman, Almira W. Hodges, 

Lucretia S. Josselyn, Caroline L. Taylor, 

Catherine S. Damrell. 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



George B. Hyde, Master of Girls' Department. 
Eliza A. Harding, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Henrietta Draper, Pemelia W. 

Susan E. Green. 
Eleanor L. Brown, Teacher of Sewing, i 
L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Cate, 



Teachers, 
Augusta A. Davis, 
Ann J. Bolden, 
Betsey H. Warren, 
Harriet S. Keith, 
Eliza C. Gould, 
Frances M. Allan, 
Emeline J. Brown, 
Harriette A. Keith, 
Mary A. Hall, 
Elizabeth Newman, 



primary schools. 

Location, 
No. 6-Rutland street, 

4 Li « 

5 " " 

2 " " 

i a a 

3 <• " 

1 Shawmut avenue, 
1 Dedham street, 
1 Worcester street, 
1 Northampton street, 



Sub- Committees, 
Messrs. Adams, 

Fox and 

Willard. 
Messrs. Moore 

Holbrook 

and Stevens. 

Messrs. Ware, 
Hobbs and 
Rolfe. 



157 



ELIOT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

George Fabyan, Chairman, 191 Salem street. 

Ephraim Buck, 146 Salem street. 

Lyman B. Hanaford, 187 Salem street. 

Moses Miller, 23 Sheafe street. 

George W. Vose, 3 Bartlett place. 

Uriah K. Mayo, 110 Hanover street. 

N. "Webster Farley, 130 Hanover street. 

J. Proctor Haskins, 29 Stillman street. 

Albert Day, 4 Lathrop place. 

Isaac B. Mills, 3 Clark street. 

Eliot School in North Sennet street. 
William H. Seavey, Master. Samuel W. Mason, Sub-Master. 



Alfred Hewins, Usher. 



Abby A. Marsh, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Eliza L. Felt, Calista H. Clement, 

Sophia Shepard, Fanny R. Richardson, 

Hannah M. Damon, Sarah T. Jones, 
Caroline A. Conant, Anna E. Dyke. 

Charles Butler, Music Teacher 



Emily T. Shattuck, 
Elizabeth M. Turner, 
Lucy D. Osborn, 



Teachers, 
Martha F. Boody, 
Mary B. Viles, 
S. E. Richardson, 
Abigail S. Rich, 
Louisa A. Leavitt, 
C. Augusta Hall, 
Mary A. Cushing, 
L. P. Tewksbury, 
Mary S. Stoddard, 
Sarah Ripley, 
Martha A. Gibbs, 
Sarah E. Pierce, 
Eliza Brintnall, 
Mary E. Eaton, 
Mary E. Myers, 
Harriet S. Boody, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No. 2-Sheafe street, 

3 " " 

J u u 

3-22 Charter street, 
2 " " 

4 « « 
3-rear of 22 Charter st. 

9 u a a 

1 u a a 

3-Hanover avenue, 

2 " " 
\ « c 

1-Bennett aven\ue, 
2 " " 

1-Salem street Church. 



Sub- Committees^ 
Messrs. Miller, 

Farley and 

Hanaford. 
Messrs. Hanaford, 

Mills, 

Day 

and Vose. 
Messrs. Vose, 

Mayo and 

Haskins. 
Messrs. Mills, 

Farley and 

Miller. 
Messrs. Haskins 

and Day. 
Mr. Buck. 



158 



FRANKLIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Charles "W". Moore, Chairman, 42 Concord street. 

Norman C. Stevens, 6'West Brookline street. 

J. I. T. Coolidge, Beach street, opposite Edinboro' street. 

John Newell, 2 Warren street. 

Colman S. Adams, 214 Shawmut avenue. 

Alvah Hobbs, 156 Shawmut avenue. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

George Norton, 346 Tremont street. 

Franklin School in Washington street. 

Samuel L. Gould, Master. ^ 
Catharine T. Simonds, Sarah A. M. Gushing, Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Abba A. Johnson, Sarah A. Gale, 
Mary J. Leach, Mary A. Mitchell, 
Lucy M. Beck, Elizabeth J. Brown, 

Maria S. Wolcott, Teacher of Seiving. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Helen E. Vans, 
Elizabeth M. Bradbury, 
Clara M. Ellms. 



Teachers, 
Susan M. Chaffee, 
Jane S. Hobart, 
Abbie K. Sweetser, 
Helen E. Eaton, 
Eliza Ann Tirrell, 
Caroline A. Miller, 
Josephine G. Whipple, 
Ellen Wright, 
H. M. Coolidge, 
Eliza J. Dyer, 
H. M. Faxon, 
M. J. Strong, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No. 2-Genesse street, 

n u a 

3 " " 

1-West Castle street, 
4-Groton street, 



-Indiana " 



•Groton " 



Sub- Committees, 

Messrs. Coolidge, 
Rolfe and 
Allen. 

Messrs. Newell, 
Adams and 
Norton. 

Messrs. Hobbs, 
Stevens and 
Moore. 



HANCOCK SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Ephraim Buck, Chairman, 146 Salem street. 
Lyman B. Hanaford, 187 Salem street. 
Francis E. Parker, 30 Court street. 
George W. Vose, 3 Bartlett place. 
Benjamin S. Shaw, 13 Bowdoin street. 
J. Proctor Haskins, 29 Stillman street. 
N. Webster Farley, 130 Hanover street. 
Uriah K. Mayo, 110 Hanover street. 
Moses Miller, 23 Sheafe street. 
Albert Day, 4 Lathrop place. 
Isaac B. Mills, 3 Clark street. 



159 



Hancock School in Richmond place. 
George Allen, Jr., Master. 
Phineas G. Parmenter, Sub-Master. 
Susan R. Hoyt, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 



Henrietta L. Pierce, 
Sarah E. White, 
M. P. Brigham, 



Achsah Barnes, 
S. O. H. Eaton, 
M. Sherman, 
Angelina A. Brigham, 

Sarah Somerby, Teacher of Sewing. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers, Location, 

Elizabeth G. Johnson, No. 3-Thacher street, 



Elizabeth F. Pettes, 
Sarah L. Shepard, 
Anna H. Burns, 
Anna E. Page, 
Susan Page, 
Margaret W. Hall, 
Emily A. Tewksbury, 
Frances E. Wilkins, 
Emily E. Turner, 
Harriet M. James, 
Mary E. Keith, 
Theresa M. Carpenter, 
Nancy B. Seaver, 
Betsey L. Canedy, 



Mary F. Kimball, 
Elizabeth F. McKay, 
Mary S. Gale, 



Sab- Committees, 

Messrs. Parker 
and Mayo. 



4-Cooper " 

1 '•< " 

2 " " 
3-Hanover " 

2 " " 

1-Parkman place, 
2 " " 

1— Baldwin pi. church, 
2-North Margin street, 

1 u a 

3-Cooper street, 



Messrs. Miller 
and Farley. 

Messrs. Vose 
and Shaw. 

Messrs. Haskins 
and Hanaford, 

Messrs. Day 
and Mills. 



HAWES SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Calvin Damon, Chairman, 99 F street. 
James D. Russell, 284 Second street. 
Jasper H. York, 206 Broadway. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 

Hawes School in Broadway, South Boston. 
Samuel Barrett, Master. 
Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. Henry C. Hardon, Usher. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Louisa J. Henderson, Martha A. Dearborn, 

Georgiana Watts, Josephine W. Easte. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher. 



Teachers, 
Cynthia H. Sears, 
Eunice H. Tilton, 
Tiley Ann Balcom, 
Elizabeth T. Dodge, 
C. A Mott, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. Sub- Committees, 

No. 1-rear Hawes sch. ho. Messrs. Russell 

2 " " and Damon. 

2-Blanchard's Build'g, Messrs. Smith 

1 " " Drake 

1-rear Lyceum Hall, and York. 



160 



LYMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

James jST. Stkes, Chairman, 8 Terrace place. 
Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 
• Rufus W. Clark, 101 Webster street. 
Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 
George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 
M. P. Stickney, 1 Allston place. 
Richard Soule, Jr., 13 Sumner street. 
Samuel W. Hall, 95 Webster street. 
Isaac B. Mills, 3 Clark street. 

Lyman School in Meridian street, East Boston. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. James F. Blackinton, Sub-Master 

Mary O. Bulfinch, Mary S. Gage, Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Almira G. Smith, Mary P. Moulton, 
Mary A. Turner, Jane M. Higbt, 

Amelia H. Pitman, Emeline French, 
Eliza F. Russell, Clara M. Crosby. 

Louisa Pratt, Teacher of Seioing. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Redding, 



Teachers, 
Susan H. M. Swan, 
Elizabeth Lincoln, 
Elizabeth H. Allen, 
Frances W 
Susan D. Wilde, 
Helen A. Plumley, 
Esther L. Morse, 
Eveline C. Ring, 
Philomel J. Cottle, 
A. M. Cudworth, 
Hannah C. Atkins, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No, 1-Sumner street, 
2 " " 

1-Webster " 

2 " " 

3 " " 

4 a a 

5 " •' 

1-Paris « 

2 " » 

3 « " 
1-Meridian " 



Cordelia Lothrop, 
Eliza A. Wiggin, 
Fanny R. Edmunds, 



Sub- Committees, 
Messrs. Cudworth 

and Clark. 
Messrs. Hall, 
Soule, 
Fabyan, 
Mills and 
Stickney. 
Messrs. Soule, 
Leonard, 
Hall and 
Sykes. 



MATHER SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Jasper H. York, Chairman, 206 Broadway. 
Calvin Damon, 99 F street. 
D. McB. Thaxter, Jr., 370 Broadway. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
James D. Russell, 284 Second street. 
James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 
Samuel Holbrook, 129 Hudson street. 
Ephraim G. Ware, 1 East Dedham street. 
Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 



161 



Mather School, Broadway, South Boston. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Master. 
Asa "Weeks, Sub-Master. L. F. Bradley, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Lucy Floyd, Elizabeth B. Raynolds, Mary J. Newmarck 

Margarette A. Moody, Alice Cooper, Olive M. Jefferds, 

Emily Cbilds, E. S. Jefferds, Marie Ann Hale, 

Mary Jane Meader. 

Mary D. Gordon, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Music Teacher, 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers, 


Location, 


Sub- Committees, 


Lucinda Smith, 


No. 1-Silver street. 


Messrs. Holbrook 


Elizabeth C. Toombs, 


4 « " 


and Damon. 


Susan S. Sproul, 


1-Broadway, 


Messrs. Thaxter 


Mary A. Macnair, 


1 ^Athens street, 


and Drake. 


Mary H. Davis, 


2-Mather Sch. House, 


Messrs. Smith 


Sarah K. Glover, 


j a a a 


and Drake. 


M. E. Fox, 


5-Silver street, 


Messrs. Fox 


Sarah J. Bell, 


3 « " 


and Smith* 


Rebecca H. Bird, 


2-Athens " 


Messrs. "Ware 


Mary Lincoln, 


8 " « 


and Russell* 


Hannah C. Merritt, 


2-Silver " 


Messrs. Russell 


L. D. Howard, 


6 " " 


and Holbrook* 



MAYHEW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

J. Proctor Haskins, Chairman, 29 Stillman street. 
Isaac H. HAzelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 24 Lowell street. 
S. K. Lothrop, 42 Court street. 
M. P. Stickney, 1 Allston place* 
J. Amory Davis, 1 Otis place. 

Mayheto School in Hawkins street. 

Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Music. 

Robert Swan, Sub-Master. Quincy E. Dickerman, Usher. 

Emily A. Moulton, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizabeth L. West, 
Elizabeth P. Hopkins, 



S. W. I. Copeland, 
Sarah E. Curtis, 



Helen H. Pearson? 
Caroline H. Rice, 



Teachers, 
C. W. Callender, 
Mary E. Parker, 
Sophia White, 

21 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, Sub- Committees, 

No. 1-Cross street, Messrs. Davis 

2 " " and Stickney. 

4-Mayhew Sch. house, Messrs. Stickney 
and Davis. 



162 



Teachers, 
Maria E. Clapp, 
Caroline W. Wason, 
Bethiah Whiting, 

Harriet A. Farrow, 
Harriet M. Warren, 
Harriet L. Chester, 



Location, Sub- Committees, 

No. 2-Merrimac street, Messrs. Bradbury 

1— South Margin street, and Hazelton. 
3-Mayhew Sch. house, Messrs. Hazelton 
and Bradbury. 
2-Old Hancock " Messrs. Lothrop 

1 " " and Haskins. 

1-Friend street, Messrs. Haskins 

and Lothrop. 



PHILLIPS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

William Howe, Chairman, 19 Allen street. 
Timothy Bigelow, 3 Hancock street. 
Henry Upham, 19 Butolph street. 
Joel W. Hubbard, 66 Myrtle street. 
Charles Thacher, 40 Chesnut street. 
George Russell, 10 Lynde street. 
Augustus O. Brewster, 63 Court street. 

Phillips School House in West Centre street. 

James Hovey, Master. 

Amphion Gates, Sub-Master. John M. Colcord, Usher. 

Helen L. Gilson, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Catharine P. Dow, Sarah E. Adams, 

Eliza F. Copeland, Elvira M. Harrington, 

Ellen M. Coolidge, Clara Pearce, 

Gertrude A. Brown. 
Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers, 


Location, 


Sub- Committees, 


Mary A. Allen, 


No. 1-Southac street, 


Messrs. Bigelow 


Caroline P. Eastman, 


4 « « 


and Russell. 


Lydia F. Pool, 


3 " " 


Messrs. Upham 


Sarah A. M. Turner, 


2 " " 


and Hubbard. 


Eliza A. Corthell, 


2-West Cedar street, 


Messrs. Thacher 


Abby A. Lincoln, 


j a k 


and Bigelow. 


Sarah Ingalls, 


1-Phillips Sch. house, 


Messrs. Hubbard 
and Howe. 


Ruth M. Sanborn, 


1-Western avenue, 


Messrs. Brewster 
and Thacher. 



163 



QUINCY SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

William M. Cornell, Chairman, 630 Washington street. 

Rufus Ellis, 24 Eclinboro' street. 

Samuel Holbrook, 129 Hudson street. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

Henry Willard, 8 Oak street. 

George Norton, 346 Tremont street. 

John Newell, 2 Warren street. 

Solomon J. Gordon, 11 Burroughs place. 

Samuel W. Bates, 46 Washington street. 

John S. Holmes, 46 Court street. 



Quincy School, Tyler street. 

Charles E. Valentine, Master, B. W. Putnam, Sub-Master. 

James 0. Brown and Adoniram Alden, Ushers. 
Josephine L. Tucker, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Lydia A. Hanson, 
E. 0. Vinton, 
Harriet D. Hinckley, 
H. A. Dow, 



E. Maria Simonds, 
Angelina A. Moulton, 
Adeline Stockbridge, 
Ada G. B. Beal. 



Caroline D. Cotton, 
Frances A. Clapp, 
Olive M. Paige, 



Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 



Teachers, 



Lucy C. Haskell, 
Hannah A. Lawrence, 
Caroline A. Morris, 

Hannah L. Billings, 
Mary A. Hunt, 

Frances Torrey, 
Elizabeth S. Emmons, 
Mary C. Greene, 
Charlotte L. Young, 
Maria Hills, 
Hannah E. Moore, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No. 1-East street place, 

4 " " 

2 " " 

3 " " 

6-Tyler street, 

5 " . " 
2 " " 

4 " " 

3— East Orange street, 

1 it u 

9 a a 

3-Tyler street, 

1 U ii 



Sub- Committees, 

Messrs. Allen 
and Ellis. 



Messrs. Willard 
Newell and 
Holbrook. 

Messrs. Bates 
Norton and 
Holmes. 

Mr. Gordon. 

Mr. Cornell. 



SMITH SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Enoch Plummer, Chairman, 98 Leverett street. 
S. K. Lothrop, 42 Court street. 
Joel W. Hubbard, 66 Myrtle street. 



164 



Smith School in Belknap street. 

Thomas Paul, Master. Charlotte M. Knowles, Assistant. 

Elizabeth Smith, Teacher of Sewing. 
James C. Johnson, Music Teacher. 



Teachers, 
Harriett H. King, 
Marianne Stephens, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No. 1-Smith Sch. house, 
2 " " 



"WELLS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Frederick Emerson, Chairman, 1 Lynde street- 
Augustus O. Brewster, 63 Court street. 
Enoch Plummer, 98 Leverett street. 
George Russell, 10 Lynde street. 
William Howe, 19 Allen street. 
John F. Jar vis, 61 Leverett street. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Joshua G. Wilbur, 53 Hancock street. 

Wells School in Blossom street. 

Cornelius Walker, Grammar Master. 
Reuben Swan, Jr., Writing Master. William H. Swan, Usher. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Sarah J. Lothrop, Maria E. Chase, 

Mary S. Carter, Lydia A. Hayward, Juliana Sparrell, 

Jane M. Bedford, Teacher of Sewing. 

Edwin Bruce, Music Teacher. 



Teachers, 
Mary L. Bailey, 
Anna A. James, 
Augusta H. Foster, 
Lucy M. A. Redding, 
Elmira R. Housley, 

Elizabeth W. Snow, 

Elizabeth S. Foster, 

Elizabeth S. Grater, 

Mary A. H. Cotting, 

Matilda Merriam, 

Mary S. Watts, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location, 
No. 1-Wall street, 

2 " " 

4 a u 

5 " " 

6 " " 



2-Milton " 
1 a a 

2-Spring street place, 

\ « a a 

1-Wells School house, 



Sub- Committees, 
Messrs. Wilbur 

and Hazelton. 
Messrs. Hazelton 

and Wilbur. 
Messrs. Jarvis 

and Plummer. 
Messrs. Plummer 

and Wilbur. 
Messrs. Russell 

and Brewster. 
Messrs. Russell 

and Hazelton. 
Messrs. Jarvis 

and Howe. 
Messrs. Plummer 

and Jarvis. 
Messrs. Brewster 

and Emerson. 



165 



WINTHROP SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Samuel W. Bates, Chairman, 46 "Washington street. 
Otis A. Skinner, 17 Tyler street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
William W. Baker, 283 Tremont street. 
J. I. T. Coolidge, Beach street. 
Rufus Ellis, 24 Edinboro' street. 
Ambrose A. Ranney, 5 Pleasant street. 
Solomon J. Gordon, 11 Burroughs street. 
Charles W. Calkins, 145 Pleasant street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Witithrop School in Tremont street. 

Henry Williams, Jr., Master. 
Susan A. W. Loring, Almira Paul, ) Head 

Rebecca P. Barry, Martha E. Towne, j Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizabeth R. Briggs, Jane E. Cheney, 
Caroline A. Rogers, Almira Seymour, 
Martha I. Cotton, Mary Jane Danforth, 

L. Ellen Sprague. 

Rebecca W. Bell, Teacher of Sewing. 

L. H. Southard, Music Teacher. 



Caroline E. Leighton, 
Hannah H. Hosmer, 
Eliza J. Reed, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers, 
Mary A. Easterbrook, 
Sarah Eveleth, 
Sarah E. Lewis, 
Mary E. Parker, 

Julia C. Bird, 
Mary B. Browne, 
Anna O. Jones, 
Harriette A. Bettis, 
Sarah G. Tinkham, 
Mary Williams, 
Elizabeth C. Frink, 
Susan E. Gibbs, 
Harriet A. Parker, 



Location, 
No. 2-East street. 
4 « « 
Y « « 
3 « " 


Sub- Committees, 

1 Messrs Baker 
| and Calkins. 


3-Bumstead court, 

2 " " 

1 U ti 


( Messrs. Alley 
t and Lyman. 


3-Essex place, 

J U a 

2-Tyler street, 

8-South street court, 
2 « u u 
i a a u 


\ Messrs. Ellis 
C and Coohdge. 

! Messrs. Ranney 
f and Gordon. 



166 



WARD OFFICERS 



18 5 5 



Ward No. 1. 



Warden, 
Charles Field. 

Cleric, 
Nathaniel A. Pennock, 



Warden, 
Ezra Vinal. 

Clerk, 
Albert Huse. 



Warden, 
James Quinn. 

Clerk, 
George. C. Jacobs. 



S. 



Warden, 
Rowland Hart. 



Inspectors, 
Enoch H. Snelling, Jr., 
James L. Vialle, 
Jeremiah O. "Winkley, 
Alexander W. Mendum, 
John M. Eaton. 



Ward No. 2. 



Inspectors, 
Moses J. Gove, 
David M. R. Dow, 
Taylor Mills, 
Jacob C. Wentworth, 
William Wentworth. 



Ward No. 3. 



„ Inspectors, 
Cromwell G. Rowell, 
George R. Curtis, 
Charles Carter, 
John R. Teague, 
Charles A. Eaton. 



Ward No. 4. 



Clerk, 
Thornton K. Lothrop. 



Inspectors, 
David R. Whitney, 
W. H. Hinckley, 
Samuel M. Quincy, 
Cornelius A. Perry, 
Nathaniel H. Bryant. 



16". 



Ward No. 5. 



Warden, 
George Wheelwright. 

Clerk, 
Thomas E. French. 



Inspectors, 
Seth Taylor, 
William P. French, 
Jacob N. Burley, 
John S. Moulton, 
G. F. A. Wallis. 



Ward No. 6. 



Warden, 
Henry Waitt. 

Clerk, 
Alden Avery. 



Warden, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Clerk, 
James C. Tileston. 



Inspectors, 
Timothy Gerrish, 
Benjamin C. Piper, 
Thomas J. Tucker, Jr., 
John Prince, 
George H. Kilburn. 



Ward No. 7. 



Inspectors, 
Henry H. Atkins, 
William A. Warner, 
Thomas Barry, 
Caleb Norris, 
Thomas J. Lee. 



Ward No. 8. 



Warden, 
Stephen G. Deblois. 

Clerk, 
George N. Davis. 



Warden, 
William W. Baker. 

Clerk, 
Charles H. Bacon. 



Warden, 
John F. Trull. 

Clerk, 
Hubbard W. Swett. 



Inspectors, 
Timothy R. Page, 
William B. Russell, 
E. C. Lothrop, 
M. J. Cutler, 
M. T. Davis. 



Ward No. 9. 



Inspectors, 
William Beals, 
William Carpenter, 
Eli A. Smith, 
Henry Beal, 
Nahum M. Morrison. 



Ward No. 10. 



Inspectors, 
Horace P. Spinney, 
James Starkweather, 
Hilas Forsaith, 
Henry H. Burgess, 
David F. Hall. 



168 



Ward 11. 



Warden, 
John Binney. 

Clerk, 
Henry J. Coolidge. 



Warden, 

Gustavus Forbes. 

Clerk 
Willis H. Colb'urn. 



Inspectors, 
William J. Twombly, 
William Copeland, 
Robert R. Mayers, 
Otis E. Bowen, 
Charles Caverly, Jr. 



Ward 12. 



Inspectors, 
Charles L. Bird, 
Samuel S. Jefferds, 
George H. Fernald, 
N. P. Mann, Jr., 
Timothy C. Janes. 



169 



WARDS. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the 
Eastern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, across Hanover 
street to Salem street ; thence by the centre of Salem street to Cooper 
street ; thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charlestown 
street to Beverly street ; thence by the centre of Beverly to Cause- 
way street ; thence across Causeway street, and in the same direction 
with Beverly street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the Fitchburg 
Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the central line of Bev- 
erly street if extended to the water ; thence by such line and the 
centre of Beverly street to Charlestown street ; thence across Charles- 
town street, and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence 
by the centre of Salem street to Richmond street ; thence by the 
centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of 
Hanover street to Court street ; thence by the centre of Court street 
to Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett 
street ; thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 
thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by 
the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun 
at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street to Richmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; 
thence by the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by 
the centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre of 
Green street to Stamford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford 
street to Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and Mount 
Vernon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of Park street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Winter 
street ; thence by the centre of Winter street to Washington street ; 
thence by the centre of Washington street to Milk street ; thence by 
the centre of Milk street to India street ; thence across India street 
by a straight line to the water on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Staniford street ; 
thence by the centre of Staniford street to Green street ; thence by 
the centre of Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett 
streets ; thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; 



170 

thence by the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by 
the centre of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple street ; 
thence by the centre of Temple and Mount Vernon streets to Beacon 
street ; thence by the centre of Beacon street and the Western avenue 
to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western 
avenue ; thence northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water on the south side of Central wharf ; 
thence across India street by a straight line to Milk street ; thence 
by the centre of Milk street to Washington street ; thence by the 
centre of Washington street to Winter street ; thence by the centre 
of Winter street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to West street ; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Essex street ; thence by centre of Essex street to South street ; 
thence by centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by centre 
of Summer street, and by a straight line in continuation thereof, to 
the water on the northerly side of Summer street wharf; thence by 
water to point begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of Summer 
street wharf; thence by a straight line in continuation of the centre 
of Summer street, and by the centre of Summer street to South 
street ; thence by the centre of South street to Essex street ; thence 
by the centre of Essex street to Kingston street ; thence by the cen- 
tre of Kingston street to Bedford street ; thence by the centre of Bed- 
ford street and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre 
of Tremont street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Kneeland 
street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thence 
crossing Sea street by a straight line to the water on the southerly 
side of Howe's wharf; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of the Western 
avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence by the centre of 
Park street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont 
street to Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to 
Washington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West Castle street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to. the Rail- 
road Bridge ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester 
Railroad to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury ; thence 
by said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of Howe's 
wharf; thence by a straight line across Sea street to Kneeland street ; 
thence by the centre of Kneeland to Washington street ; thence across 
Washington street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot 
street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Wash- 



171 

ington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover 
street ; thence by the centre of Dover street to the water at the 
northwesterly end of the Boston South Bridge ; thence by the water 
to the point begun at. 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Rox- 
bury, on the Boston and Worcester Railroad ; thence by the centre 
of the Boston and Worcester Railroad to the Railroad Bridge ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to West Castle street ; thence 
by the centre of West Castle street to Washington street ; thence by 
the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence by the centre 
of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston 
South Bridge ; thence by the water to the Boundary line between 
Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said boundary line to the point 
begun at. 

No. 12.— All South Boston. 



WARD ROOMS. 

1 Eliot School House, North Bennet street. 

2 School Room, Paris street, East Boston. 

3 Corner Friend and Merrimac streets. 

4 City Building, Court square. 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 School House, Franklin street, corner Theatre alley* 

8 Corner Beach and Kingston streets. 

9 Vestry 5th Universalist Church, Warren street. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

11 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



172 



TAXES. 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Real and Personal Estates 
in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been as follows : 

1849. 

Valuation of Real Estate, ----- $102,827,500.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 71,352,700.00 



Total Valuation, -----.- 174,180,200.00 



At $6.50 per $1000, is 1,132,171.30 

No. of Polls, 28,363, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,544.50 



Total Tax for 1849, viz.: - 1,174,715.80 

Increase over 1848, viz. : 
Property, Real, $2,424,300.00, being 2.4145 per cent. 
Personal, 4,027,900.00 5.9827 



Total, $6,452,200.00, being 3.846 per cent. 
Polls, 637, 2.297 



185 0. 



Valuation of Real Estate, ----- $105,093,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - - 74,907,100.00 



Total Valuation, 180,000,500.00 



At $6.80 per $1,000, is 1,224,003.40 

No. of Polls, 28,018, at $1.50 each, is - - - 42,027.00 



Total Tax for 1850, $1,266,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz. : 
Property, Meal, $2,265,900.00, being 2.203 per cent. 
Personal, 3,554,400.00, 4.981 



Total, $5,820,300.00, being 3.341 per cent. 

Polls decreased, 345, being a loss of 12.233 per cent. 



173 



185 1. 



Valuation of Real Estate, $109,358,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - 78,588,500.00 



Total Valuation, 187,947,000.00 



At $7 per $1,000, is - - - - - 1,315,629.00 

No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - - 42,667.50 



Total Tax for 1851, - - - - - $1,358,296.50 
Increase over 1850, viz. : 
Property, Real, $4,265,100.00, being 4.058 per cent. 
Personal, 3,681,400.00, 4.914 



Total, $7,946,500.00, being 4.414 per cent. 
Increase of Polls, 447, 1.524 



185 2. 

Valuation of Real Estate, ----- $110,699,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - 76,980,800.00 



Total Valuation, 187,680,000.00 



At $6.40 per $1,000, is 1,201,152.00 

No. of Polls, 28,983, at $1.50 each, is - - 43,474.50 



Total Tax for 1852, $1,244,626.50 

Increase on Real over 1851, $1,340,700.00 

Decrease on Personal over 1851, 1,607,700.00 



Net decrease, - - $267,000.00 



174 



185 3 



Valuation of Real Estate, $116,090,900.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - ' - - 90,423,300.00 



Total Valuation, 206,514,200.00 



At $7.60 per $1,000, is 1,569,507.92 

No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, - 44,938.50 



Total Tax for 1852, $1,614,446.42 

Increase over Real Estate, 1852, $ 5,391,700.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1852, 13,442,500.00 



$18,834,200.00 



1854. 

Valuation of Peal Estate, $127,730,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - 99,283,000.00 



Total Valuation, - 227,013,200.00 



At $9.20 per $1,000, is 2,088,521.44 

No. of Polls, at $1.50 each - 46,701.00 



Total Tax for 1854, $2,125,222.44 

Increase over Real Estate, 1853, $11,639,300.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1853, 8,859,700.00 



$20,499,000.00 



175 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1846 

1847 


- January 1st, 


- 


$1,085,200.00 
1,033,766.00 


1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 


a 

u 

ii 


a 
a 
a 
a 
a 


- 


1,112,906.00 
1,354,332.00 
1,623,823.00 
1,756,000.00 
1,714,298.44 


1853 
1854 


_ _ ii 


ii 
ii 


- 


1,746,510.39 
1,886,459.55 


1855 


Ordinary Debt, 
Water Debt, 

Consolidated De 


$2,367,594.21 
5,432,261.11 






,bt, 




$7,779,855.32 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following Table shows the value of the Real and Personal 
Estate, with the number of persons assessed from the year 1794, and 
every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Real Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s d 


£ s d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2,953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


3,600 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5,230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


5,772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6,617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7,851 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10,980 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13,311 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15,652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18,151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24,817 


1849 


102.827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32,396 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33,183 



170 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 43,298 

1830 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 85,000 

1845 - 114,366 

1850 138,788 



Modes and Times of Appointment of the various City 
Officers, as prescribed by the City Ordinances, &c. 



City Clerk — in Convention, - 
Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Trustees of Public Library — Concurrent vote, 
Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concurrent vote, 
Superintendents of Free Bridges — Concurrent 
vote, _______ 

Engineers of Fire Department — Concurrent 
vote, _______ 

Superintendent of Streets — Concurrent vote, - 
Superintendent of Health — Concurrent vote, - 
Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and Staves, 
Field Drivers, Pound Keepers, Inspectors 
of Lime — Concurrent vote, - 
Officers to complain of Truants, &c. — Mayor 

and Aldermen, - 

Surveyor General of Lumber — Concurrent 
vote, - - - - - - 

City Registrar — Concurrent vote, - 
Newspapers, elected by joint ballot, for City 

Advertising, 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Concur- 
rent vote, ______ 

Sealers of "Weights and Measures, Hay 
Weighers, Inspectors of Hay, Measurers 
of Wood and Bark — Mayor and Alder- 
men, _______ 

Inspectors of Ballast and Weighers of Light- 
ers — Concurrent vote, - 



January. 
January. 

January. 
January or February. 

January or February. 

January or February. 
January or February. 
January or February. 



January or February. 

January or February. 

February. 
February or March. 

February or March. 

March. 

March or April. 
March or April. 



177 



Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent vote, - 
Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Superintendent of Public Buildings — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Superintendent of Public Lands — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms — Concurrent 
vote, ------- 

City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Overseers of House of Correction — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

Master of House of Correction — Concurrent 
vote, - - - - 

Directors of House of Industry, &c. — Concur- 
rent vote, ------ 

City Treasurer — In Convention, - 
City Auditor — Concurrent vote, - - - 
City Physician — Concurrent vote, 
Port Physician — Concurrent vote, 
City Messenger — Concun - ent vote, 
Chief of Police — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Consulting Physicians — Concux-rent vote. 
Superintendent of Sewers and Drains — Con- 
current vote, ------ 

City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - - - 
Surveyor of Marble — Concurrent vote, 
Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market — 

Mayor and Aldermen, - 
Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, 
City Engineer — Concurrent vote, 
Water Registrar — Concurrent vote, 
Librarian — Concurrent vote, - 

Superintendent of Faneuil Hall — Mayor and 
Aldermen, ------ 



March or April. 
April. 

April or May. 

April or May. 

April or May. 
May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 

May. 
May or June. 
May or June. 

May or June. 
June. 
June. 

June or July. 

September, 

September or October. 

September or October. 

October. 

October. 



178 

ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

Appointed by the Public Authorities. 



ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE, MARCH 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 
] 773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thacher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. " 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 



ON THE. ANNIVERSARY OF THE NATIONAL INDEPENPENCE, JULY 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M, D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq, 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes, 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D, 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams, 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr.. Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Rev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Dutton, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 



179 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher. 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Francis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

LS29. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1 834. Richard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1 838. Rev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 
1814. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary. 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

1852. Rev. Thomas Starr King. 

1853. Timothy Bigelow, Esq. 

1854. Rev. Andrew L. Stone. 

N. B. All of the above Orations have been printed with the 
exception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis Dana 
Channing, and Thomas S. King. 



CATALOGUE 



ibknramti d i\i 0% a( ^Btm, 



IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THEIR SERVICE, 



INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 3855, 



WITH AN 



INDEX. 



PRELIMINARY REMARKS. 



NOTE. 



The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See Mayors. 

MAYORS. 

The election of Mayor for 1845 was more warmly contested than 
on any former year. There were not less than eight several ballot- 
ings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of February, 
Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, William 
Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chairman of the 
Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining health, 
resigned the office of Mayor, which resignation, however, was not 
accepted by the City Council, and on the 22d of November he died, 
being the first Mayor who has died in office, since the organization of 
the City Government in 1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, jr., Avas elected Mayor 
by the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as Chairman 
of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. Davis and the 
election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an Alder- 
man of the City, was afterwards chosen Mayor. 

At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, he 
resigned as an Alderman and accepted the office of Mayor. 

The election of Mayor for 1854 was continued through three bal- 
lotings, from December 12, 1853, to January 9, 1854. . In the mean- 
time the duties of Mayor were performed by Benjamin L. Allen, 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen. 

ALDERMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re-elected j 
and Thomas B. Wales and Bedford Webster, elected 1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organization. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 184b, resigned — having been chosen 
one of the principal Assessors. 



1S3 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected an Alder- 
man, died before his qualification. 

At the Municipal Election in 1852, nine Aldermen had a majority 
of ballots ; but, in accordance with the statute, the eight who had the 
highest number of votes were declared elected. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not qualify 
himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no provision for 
affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 

Henry D. Gray and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer Howard, 
Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 1828 ; also, 
Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined prior to the organ- 
ization. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

Ezra Forristall, Ward 6, resigned in May, 1 853, and was elected 
Superintendent of Health. 

There have been six successfully contested Elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that " closing the poll before the hour at 
which the voters were notified it would be closed was a violation of 
the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members of 
Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an adjourned 
meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of irregular proceeding 
to render the whole number of votes certain by taking the highest 
number of votes for candidates on each opposing ticket ; adjournment 
of the meeting by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregu- 
larities at the annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three members 
of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal voters, sufficient 
to effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned meeting, Decem- 
ber 14, on the ground that four votes for non-resident candidates, 
(after having been first thrown out by the Ward officers,) * were 
counted at the annual election, December 12, thereby preventing the 
choice of two other candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, 

* This fact was admitted, though not stated in the report of the Committee, 



1S4 

were by the decision of the Council declared elected, leaving one 
vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. At the subsequent trial the same 
members were again returned to the Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned 
meeting which was illegally held. 

The seventh, in accordance with the Report of the Committee on 
Elections, vacated the seats of three members from Ward 11, on the 
ground that the Mayor and Aldermen had no right to issue warrants 
for election of members of the Common Council, after the annual 
Election, and before the organization of the Government elect. But 
inasmuch as the elections in question were conducted bona fide, and 
no other informality was appai-ent, and as this custom of supple- 
mentary elections had been in vogue for twenty years, the members 
thus elected were by the vote of the Common Council declared enti- 
tled to their seats. The passage of the Plurality Law, of 1854, will 
remedy most of these cases for the future. 



185 



18 2 2. 



MAYOR, 

♦JOHN PHILLIPS. 



ALDERMEN 



* Samuel Billings, 
*Ephraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
♦Joseph Head, 



* Joseph Jenkins, 

* Joseph Lovering, 
♦Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
♦Bryant Parrott Tilden, 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



♦WILLIAM PRESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 

* Henry Orne, 
♦Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 
♦Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
♦Joseph Cooledge, 
♦Samuel Perkins, 
♦Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
♦Thomas Kendall, 
Horatio Gates Ware, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 

* William. Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
♦Jonathan Amory, 
♦Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
♦Augustus Peabody, 
♦Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
♦David Watts Bradlee, 
♦Peter Chardon Brooks, 
♦James Perkins, 
♦Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
♦Jonathan Davis, 
♦Hawkes Lincoln, 
♦William Prescott, 
John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
♦Andrew Drake, 
♦Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
♦David Collson Moseley, 
♦Isaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 
♦George Watson Brimmer, 
♦Asa Bullard, 
♦Barzillai Holmes, 
♦Winslow Lewis. 
Ward 12 ? 
Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
♦John Howe, 
Moses Williams, 



186 



18 23. 

MAYOR 

JOSIAH QULNCY. 



ALDERMEN 



* Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



*Ashur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
*Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



JOHN WELLES, President. 



Ward 1, 
*Thaddens Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
♦John Eliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
* Samuel Perkins, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
*Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslovv, 
Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 
William Wright, 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
♦Benjamin Russell, 
James Savage, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 

* David Francis, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa Bullard, 

* Charles Howard, 
Josiah Steclman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



187 



18 24. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



* Daniel Baxter, 

* George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 

* Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

* Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2. 
*William Little, jr., 
*01iver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thacldeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
* Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
George Washington Otis, 
Win slow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 

* William Goddard, 

* Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 

* Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams,' 
*Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
*Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward 11. 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 

* Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaac Thorn, 
Charles Bemis, 



188 



18 25. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



* Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas "Welsli, jr., 

* George Blake, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COM M OK COUNCIL 



FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
"William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
♦Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
* Oliver Reed, 
♦Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
♦John Richardson Adan, 
♦Thomas Wells, 
♦Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
♦Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 
♦George Hallett, 
♦Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
♦John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 
♦Charles Tracy, 
♦William Symonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
♦Isaac Waters, 
♦Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
♦William Goddard, 
Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
♦Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Richardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Franklin Dexter, 
♦Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
♦Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
♦Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothingham, 
♦Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
♦Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
♦John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
♦Oliver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



189 



18 2 6. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, jr., 



ALDERMEN, 

* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Robbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 

* Willi am Sprague, 
Amos Farnsworth, 
Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 

* William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 

* Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 

* Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 

* Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 

* Joshua Vose, 
Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 
Henry Hatch. 



190 



18 2 7. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN, 



Cyrus Alger, 
♦John Bellows, 
*Thoraas Welsh, jr., 
John Foster Loring, 



*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
♦Robert Fennelly, 
♦Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



CO MM OK COUNCIL, 

*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
♦Benjamin Clark, 
♦Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
♦John Damarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 
* George Hallett, 
♦William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
♦Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 
♦George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
♦Isaac Waters, 
♦Samuel Thaxter, 
♦Jonathan Loring, 
♦Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 
♦Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
♦John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 
♦David Watts Bradlee, 
♦Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
♦Levi Meriam, 
♦Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 
♦Jonathan Simonds, 
George Brinley, 
William Parker, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 11. 
♦Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
♦Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 
♦William Little, jr., 
♦George Gay. 



191 



18 2 8. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



John Foster Loring, 

* Robert Fennelly, 
James Savage, 

* Thomas Kendall, 



*James Hall, 
Phineas Upham, 
*John Pickering, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



*JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clark Betton, 

* Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 

* Henry Fowle, jr., 

George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
*James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, jr., 

* James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 

* David Moody. 



Ward 7. 
*John Arno Bacon, 
John Belknap, 

*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward, (res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
*Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Norman Seaver, 

* Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
^Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 
Robert Treat Paine,(from May.) 
*John Lowell, jr., 
George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11, 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 

* Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Cary, 
Walter Cornell, 

* Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



192 



18 29. 

MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



*PIenry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
* James Hall, 



ALDERMEN, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 

* Benjamin Russell, 
*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 

* Christopher Gore, 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis, 

*Thomas Reed, (died February.) 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 

* Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 

* George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
*Tsaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
*Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 

* Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 

* Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Tsaac Parker Townsend. 



193 



1830. 

MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 



"*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

* Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
LaiTa Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated in 
February.) 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 
Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 

* Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
* Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
*John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
♦Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 

* James Wrisrht. 



194 



18 3 1. 



MAYOR, 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 

* Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck Mc Clear y, 



* Henry Farnam, 
Adam Bent, 
*John Binney, 
*Richard Devens Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Jobn Brigden Treinere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 

* Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 

* Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 

Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Ensign Sargeant, 
Stephen Titcoinb. 



Ward 7. 

* Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 

Levi Bartlett, 
Abbott Lawrence. 
Ward 8. 

* Thomas Minns, 

James Brackett Richardson, 

* Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
* Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 

* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce* 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 



195 



18 3 2. 

MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN 



* Henry Jackson Oliver, 

* Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 

* Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 



*Rich'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 

Jabez Ellis, 

* James Bowdoin, 

*John Stevens, (died.) 

*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
*Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 

* Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 

* George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
Jonathan Porter, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
Richard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
* Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John Collamore, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
*Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr, 



196 



1833. 

MAYOR, 

CHAELES WELLS. 



*Henry Farnain, 
*John Binney, 
Jabez Ellis, 
*William Tileston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Wetniore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
*Bill Richardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 

* Samuel Chessman, 
Philip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 

* Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Silas Bullard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
*Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
* Jacob Amee, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 

* Oliver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 
Thomas Richards Dascomb. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



197 



18 34. 

M A Y O E , 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Je. 



Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Fales, 
Charles Lei^hton, 



ALDEEMEN, 

Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 

COMMON COUNCIL, 



JOSIAH QUINCY, Je., Peesident. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 

* Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snc'ling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 

* Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4, 
Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 
Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
George Washington Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargent, 
*Edward Cruf't, jr. 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 
Benjamin Ap thorp Gould, 
Isaac McLellan, jr. 

Ward 10. 

* Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb, 

* William Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



198 



18 3 5. 

MATOI?, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 

* Stephen AVilliam Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 

* William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith, 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benaiah Brigham. 

Ward 5, 

* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 

Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward G. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 

* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 



Ward .7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 

* James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Edward Cruft, jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 

* Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 

* Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
*James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 
Richard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins. 



199 



18 3 6. 



MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



ALDERMEN. 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 



Samuel Greele, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 
Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 

* Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moult on. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 

* William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

* James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amofy. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



200 



18 37. 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



* Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 

* Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson* 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Isaac Harris, 

*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 
Thomas Hudson, 
Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne HaskelL 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
* Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown* 

Ward 6, 
*Isaac Waters, 
George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtisj 

* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 

* Horace Dupee, 
*William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Ap thorp Gould, 

* James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



201 



183 8. 



MAYOR, 



SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 

* Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenorj 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 

* James McAllaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 

2C 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



202 



18 3 9. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



*Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
*Na(han Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
* James Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*Jolm Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley* 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAllaster, 
*William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow. 

Ward 6. 

* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Pai'ker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, jr., 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, jr., 
*John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Curell Amee, 
* Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



203 



1840. 

M A Y O R , 

* JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 



Charles Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward L 
Moses Grant, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, jr., 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 
George "W ashington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, ■ 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward 11. 
*John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
* George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



204 



184 1. 

MAYOR, 

* JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 

COMMON COUNCIL, 



EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, jr., 
Pelham Bonney, 
Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Meriam. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell A. Thompson, (res. April.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. Neale Howe, jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett. 

Ward 11. 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



205 



184 2. 

MAYOR, 

JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



ALDERMEN, 

William Parker, 
* Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Richard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 

* Joseph Culien Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
"* William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



206 



184 3. 

M A Y O I? , 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



A L DEE MEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



Richard Urann, 
Simon "Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
* Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. , 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
*Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 42. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
John Tillson, 
*Romanus Emerson. 



207 



1 8 44 



MAYOR, 



*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon "Wiggin Robinson. 
Henry Bromfield Rogers^ 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



CO MM OX COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
William Henry Learnard, 
*Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
* Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 
* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*"B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
* Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



208 



1845. 



MAYOR, 

*THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 



ALDERMEN 



Benson Leavitt, 

"William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 



*Simon Green Shipley, 

* Joseph Cullen Ayer, 

Lyman Reed, 

James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttriek, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
*Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
Geoi-cre Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 
Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 
Watf 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



209 



18 46. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDER MEN 



William Parker,- 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Georore E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Sn el ling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward 7. 
* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John AY. Crafts. 



210 
18 4 7. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Je. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 
Billings Briggs. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 

(Resigned, July 1.) 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen, July 1.) 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
*John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 

* William Wildes. 

Ward 8. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 

* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spoon er, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 

* George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 
Ward 10. 

Henry Worthington Dutton, 

George R. Sampson, 

Ezra Lincoln, jr., 

Samuel Wales, jr. 
Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 

John Green, jr., 

Stephen Tucker, 

George W. Frothingham. 
Ward 12. 

William Eaton, 

Jabez Coney, 

Samuel S. Perkins, 

Alvan Simonds. 



211 



1848. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



ALDERMEN, 

John H. Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 

* William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown, 
William D- Coolidge, 

* George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W- Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Di-ake. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Fro.thingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins^ 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 



212 



184 9. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



Henry Bromfielcl Rogers, 
"William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

Billings Briggs, 
John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



CO 31 M ON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER, President, 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
"William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critcket, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
* Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
*Manlius S. Clarke, 
George William McLellan, 
* Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



213 



18 5 0. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Cushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blan chard, 
*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plurner, jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
George William McLellan, 
*Manlius S. Clarke, 
* Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 



214 



1851. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, 



AEDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B, Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Cushing, 
James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
* James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Richard Shackford. 

Ward 3. 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bosworth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P f Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
♦Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



215 



185 2. 

MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER. 



John Plummer Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Lyman Perry, 
Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Thomas Phillips Rich, 
Isaac Gary. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George Wilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
* James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Roby. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Rayner. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Frederick H. Stimpson. 



Ward 7. 
David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, jr. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John F. Banister. 

Ward 11. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel R. Spinney. 



216 



1853. 

MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER. 



ALDERMEN 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas Phillips Rich, 



Isaac Cary, 
James Whiting, 
Benjamin Franklin White, 
Oliver Frost. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Gyrus Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner. 

Ward 2. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Benjamin F. Russell. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Roby, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Charles Dupee. 

Ward 4. 
Henry J. Gardner, 
John J. Rayner, 
William F. Goodwin, 
Martin L. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Roberts, 
* Israel C. Rice, 
Matthew Binney. 

Ward 6. 
Paul Adams, 

Ezx-a Forristall, (resigned in May.) 
Francis B. Winter, 
Henry F. Durant, 
William Washburn, (from May.) 



Ward 7. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
William Burrage. 
Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 

Ward 9. 
Peter C. Jones, 
Thacher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French. 

Ward 10. 
John F. Banister, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Samuel J. M, Homei\j 
Joel Richards. 

Ward 11. 
Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander H. Rice, 
Stephen Tilton, jr., 
Gardner P. Drury, (res. in Feb.) 
John A. Cummings, (from Feb.) 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
William S. Thacher, 
James F. Whittemore. 



217 



185 4. 

MAYOR, 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDERMEN 



Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Oliver Frost, (res. May.) 
John Thomas Dingley, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
William Washburn, 



Tisdale Drake, 

George Frederic Williams, 

George Odiorne, 

Abel B. Munroe, (from May.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Timothy C. Kendall, 
William P. Howard, 
John Davis. 

Ward 2. 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Morrill Cole, 
Watson G. Mayo, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 

Ward 3. 
Charles Dupee, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Caleb S. Johnson, 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 

Ward 4. 
Martin L. Hall, 
William F. Goodwin, 
George W. Messenger, 
John M. Clark. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George W. Chipman, 
Levi Boles, 
Daniel Warren. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Hiram Simmons, 
Ebenezer Johnson. 



Ward 7. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
David Whiton. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles O. Rogers. 

Ward 9. 
John Odin, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Thacher Beal, 
J. W. T. Stodder. 

Ward 10. 
Robert Cowdin, 
David Bryant, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
John R. Mullin. 

Ward 1 1 . 
Stephen Tilton, jr., 
Alexander H. Rice, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Charles Mayo. 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
James F. Whittemore, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Edward H. Brainard. 



93 



INDEX. 



ALDERMEN 



[The figures indicate the number of years of service 



Alger, Cyrus 
Allen, Benjamin L. 
Amory, Charles 
Andrews, William T. 
Armstrong, Samuel T. 
Ayer, J. Cullen 

B 

Baxter, Daniel 
Bellows, John 
Benjamin, Asher 
Bent, Adam 
Billings, Samuel 
Binney, John 
Blake. George 
Boies, Jeremiah S. 
Bowdoin, James 
Briggs, Billings 
Brimmer, Martin 
Bryant, John 



Carney, Daniel 
Gary, Isaac 
Child, David W. 
Clark, James 
Clark, Calvin W. 
Clark, John M. 
Cooke, Benjamin F. 
Cowdin, Robert 
Crane, Larra 

D 

Dingley, John T. 
Dorr, Joseph H. 
Drake, Tisdale 
Drew, Joseph L. 
Dunham, Josiah 
Dunham, Josiah, jr. 
Dyer, John D. 

Eddy, Caleb 
Eliot, Ephraim 
Eliot, Samuel A. 
Ellis, Jabez 



E 
2|Fales, Samuel 
2 Farnum, Henry 
2 Fennelly, Robert 
2 Fiske, Benjamin 
4 Frost, Oliver 
1 

G 
Gould, Frederick 

2 Gould, Salma E. 

3 Grant, Moses 
2 Greele, Samuel 

Gurney, Nathan 



H 

Hall, Jacob 
Hall, James 
Hall, Samuel 
Harris, Isaac 
Harris, James 
Harris, Richard D. 
Hathaway, John 
Hayward, Joseph H. 
Head, Joseph 
Mead, George E. 
Holbrook, Henry M. 
Hooper, Stephen 
Hunting, Thomas 



Jackson, Francis 
James, Benjamin 
Jenkins, Joseph 
Jones, Thomas 
Joy, Albion K. P. 

K 

Kendall, Thomas 
Kimball, Moses 



Leavitt, Benson 
Leighton, Charles 
Lewis, Winslow 
Longley, James 
3|Loring, John F. 



I Lovering, Joseph 
2i Lowe, Abraham T. 

6 

2 M 

1 Marshall, Josiah 

2 McCleary, John B. 
Munroe, Abel B. 



O 

Ober, John P. 
Odiorne, George 
Odiorne, George (1854) 
Oliver, Henry J. 



Parker, William 
Patterson, Enoch 
Perkins, James 
Perkins, Samuel S. 
Perry, Lyman 
Pickering, John 
Piper, Solomon 
Pope, William 
Preston, Jonathan 

Q 

Quincy, Samuel 

R 

Reed, Lyman 
Reed, Sampson 
Revere, Joseph W. 
Rich, Thomas P. 
Richardson, Thomas 
Robbins, Edward H. 
Robinson, Simon W. 
Rogers, Henry B. 
Russell, Benjamin 
Russell, Nathaniel P. 



Savage, James 2 

Savage, James S. 1 

Stedman, Josiah 1 

Stevens, John. See Note. 
Shipley, Simon G. 1 

Sleeper, Jacob 2 



220 



INDEX. 



Smith, Benjamin 
Sprague, Thomas 



Tilden, Bryant P. 
Tilden, Joseph 
Tileston, William 
Topliff, Samuel 

U 

Upham, Phineas 



Urann, Richard 2 

W 

Wales, Thomas B. 1 

Washburn, William 2 
Webster,Redford. See Note 

Wells, Charles 2 

Wells, John B. 1 

Wells, Charles A. 1 

Welsh, Thomas, jr. 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 11 



White, Benjamin P. 1 

Whiting, James 1 

Wilkins, Charles 2 

Wilkins, John H. 3 

Wilkinson, Simon 2 

Williams, George P. 1 

Williams, Moses 1 

Woodberry, Charles 1 

Woodman, Charles T. 1 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



\_The references are to Wards.~\ 



Abbott, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W. 5 

Abbott, Samuel L. 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George "W\ 7 

Adams, Joseph T. 4 

Adams, Paul 6 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John R; 3 

Allen, James B. 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L, G 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amovy, Thomas C. 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Samuel 6 

Appleton, Benjamin B. 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 
Appleton, Samuel A. 7 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, Ebenezer 2 

Atkins, John 4 

Austin, E. G. 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, jr., 6 

Ayer, Joseph C. 2 

B 

Bacon, John A. 7 

Bailey, Ebenezer 8, 10 

Bailey, Edwin C; 3 

Baker, John 8 
Baker, Ruel 10, 11 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Baldwin, Aaron 10 

Banister, John F. 10 

Barry, William 1 

Barnard, Charles 10 

Bartlett, Daniel, jr. 1 

Bartlett, Levi 7 

Bassett, Joseph 1 

Bassett, Francis 8 

Bates, Martin 2 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Battles, Jason D. 3 

Bazin, George W. 6 

Beai, Benjamin 5 

Beal, Thacher 9 

Bell, William A. 10 

Bean, Jedediah P. 12 

Belknap, John 7 

Bent, Adam 12 



Bemis, Charles 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betton, N. C. 1 

Bigelow, George T. 7 

Bigelow, John P. 9 

Bean, Aaron H. 10 

Binney, Matthew 5 
Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, A: W. 5 
Blanchard, Geo. D. B. 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 9 

Boles, John 3 

Boles, Levi 5 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Boyd, John P. 2 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. 3 
Bradford, W. B. See Note. 

Bradford, Gamaliel 9 

Bradlee, David W. 8 

Bradlee, John B. 9 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah P. 7 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Brainard, Edward H. 12 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed, Horace A. 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas 1 1 
Brigham, Benajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, George W. 11 

Brinley, George 10 
Brinley, Francis, jr. 9,10,7 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C. 8 

Brooks, William G. 7 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryant, David 10 

Bryent, Walter 9 

Bullard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 1 1 

Bullard, Silas 8 

Burbank, Robert I. 4 
Burchstead, Benjamin 8 

Burr, Theophilus 5 



Buttrick, Cyrus 
Boynton, James 
Boardman, Charles 
Bowker, John H. 
Brown, Charles 
Brown, Charles H. 
Brown, Asa 
Bosworth, Hiram 
Buckley, Joseph 
Burgess, Charles S. 
Burnham, Andrew 
Burrage, William 



1 

1 
5 
I 
6 
9 

12 
3 
8 

10 
2 
7 



Callender, Richard 9 

Carlisle, George 12 

Chapin, David 7, 8 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Richard B. 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Gary, Isaac ] 1 

Cary, Alpheus 12 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W. 6 

Chapin, David 7 

Chapman, Jonathan 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Chipman, George W. 5 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W. 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clark, John M. 4 

Clarke, Manlius S. 1 1 

Coffin, George W. 5 

Coffin, Nathaniel W. 7 

Cofran, George 3 

Cole, Morrill 2 

Collamore, John, jr. 10 

Cook, Charles E. 9 

Cook, Zebedee, jr. 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 

Coolidge, William D. 5 

Copeland, Elisha, jr. 11 

Coney, Jabez 12 

Conley, Charles C. 12 

Cornell, Walter 12 
Cowdin, Robert 11,10 

Cragin, Lorenzo S. 4 

Crafts, John W. 1 2 

Crane, Horatio N. 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D. 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W. 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crowninshield F. B. 4 



222 



INDEX. 



Cruft, Edward, jr. 8 

Cumings, B. N. 1,11 

Cunningham, A. jr. 4 

Cunningham, N. F. 5 

Curtis, Charles P. 7 

Curtis, Thomas B 4, 7 

Cushing, Henry W. 9 

dishing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Samuel L. 1 

Cutter. Amrai 4 

Clapp,' Otis 6 

Carnes, William E. 2 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummings, John A. 11 

Calrow, William H. 2 

D 

Ball, William 11 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Danforth, Isaac 7 
Dascomb, Thomas R. 10 

Davis, Henry 2 

Davis, J. Amory, ti 

Davis, John 1 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Demond, Charles 8 

Derby, Elias H. 7 

Dexter, Franklin 9 

Dexter, George S 1 2 

Dexter, John B. jr. 7, 8 

Dexter, Theodore 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillaway, William 1 

Dimmock, John L. 8 
Dingley, John T. 11, 12 

Dodd, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 11 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H. 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B. 12 

Dorrance, Oliver B. 8 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 9 

Drew, Joseph L. 9 

Dudley, James H. 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 

Dunham, Josiah, jr. 12 

Dunnels, Amos A. 2 

Dupee, Charles 3 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Durant, Henry F. 6 

Dutton, Henry W. 10 

Dyer, Ezra 5 

Dyer, John D. 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 

Denny, Daniel 8 

Dennison, James 10 

Davis, George 1 1 
Demerest, Samuel C. 12 



E 

Eaton, William 1,3 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G. 8 
Kdmands, George W. 5 

Edwards, Henry 6. 7 
Eldredge, Edward H. 7 

Elliot, John 1 

Ellis, Ebenezer 5 

Ellis, Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis. Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Romanus 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, Joshua 3 

Emmons, John L. 10 

Erving, Edward S. 11,9 

Eustis, William T. 4, 7 

Eveleth, Joseph 4, 5 

Everett, Otis 11 



Farley, Charles B. 4 

Farnsworth, Amos 3 

Farnum, Henry 4 

Faxon, Nathaniel 2 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Fay, Richard S. 10 

Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenno, John 2 

Fessenden. Benjamin 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard N. 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Flint, Joshua B. 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Ford, William C. 4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 

Follett, Dexter 3 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 
Foster, Wm. See Note. 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles 1 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H. 9 

Frost, Jairus A. 1 1 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, Samuel 11 

Frothingham. G. W. 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. 3 

Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D. 2 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardner, Henry J. 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 



Gibbens, Daniel L. 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 

Gilbert, Sylvester P. 8 

Gill, Perez 11 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel ' 6 

Goodwin, William F. 4 

Gordon, George W. 4 

Gore, Christopher 1 

Gould, Benjamin A. 9 

Gould, Frederick 1, 2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Gove, Austin 2 

Goss, Emery 2 
Gregg, Washington P. 4 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John C. _ 9 

Greely, Philip, jr. 5 
Green, John, jr. 11,12 
Greenough, William W. 4 

Grosvenor, L. P. 1,4 

Guild, Samuel E. 11 

II 

Hall, Andrew T. 9 

Hall, Daniel 12 

Hall, Martin L. 4 

Hallett, George 4 

Hamblen, David 11 

Hammond, Nathaniel 5 

Harding, William B. 12 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, jr. 12 

Harris, William G. 5 

Hale, Theodore P. 1 1 

Harris, Leach 8 

Harrington, W. A. 8 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, E. P. 5 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B. 5 

Haskell, William O. 3 

Haskell, Daniel N. 7, S 
Hastings, Edmund T. 5 

Hastings, Joseph S. 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Hatch, Samuel 7 

Haviland. Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hay den, William 10 

Hay ward, Ebenezer 12 

Healy, John P. 7 

Hennessev, Edward 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hinckley, Holmes 1 1 

Hinds, Calvin P. 8 

Hinks, Edward W. 3 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T. 7 

Hobbs. John W. F. 11 



INDEX. 



223 



Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 1 1 

Homer, Samuel J. M. 10 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hooper, Henry N. 1 

Haughton, James 4 

Howard, Charles 11 

Howard, William H. 1^ 

Howard, William P. 1 

Howard, Eleazer. See 

Note. 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N. 12 

Howe, Joseph N. jr. 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins, Ezra C. 7 

Hall, Samuel W. 4 

Hillard, George S. 6 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Hayward, James 8 

Haven. Calvin W. 11 

Holden, Joel M. l 

Hovey, James G. 1 



Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T. 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W. 2, 4 

Jenkins, Joshua 12 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jepson, Samuel 3 

Jewett, Darwin E. 4 

Johnson, Caleb S. 3 

Johnson, Ebenezer 6 

Johnson, George W. 2 

Jones, Eliphalet 5 

Jones, George S. 6 

Jones, Josiah M. 8 

Jones, Samuel 3 

Jones, Isaac 12 

Jones, Thomas 12 

Jossclyn, Lewis 2 

Jewell, Harvey 5, 4 

Jones, Peter C. 9 

K 

Keith, Robert 1 

Kelly, Daniel D. 2 

Kendall, Ezekiel 5 

Kendall, Thomas 5 

Kendall, Timothy C. 1, 3 

Kent, Henry S. 2 

Kent, William V. 5 

Kimball, Benjamin 3 

Kimball, Daniel 10 

Kimball, Moses 10 

Kimball, Otis 10 

Kinsman, 11. W. 11 



Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 
Learnard, William H. 1 
Learnard, George W. 6 

Leavens, Simon D. 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M. 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W. 4 

Lewis, Joseph W. 6 

Lewis, Winslow 1 1 

Lewis, Winslow, jr. 10 

Libby,J. G. L. 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 

Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R. 3 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 10 

Lincoln, Noah, jr. 1 

Little, William, jr. 12 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G. 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Perez 5 

I.ounsbury, Wm. H. 3 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lovcjoy, Reuben 10 

Lovejoy, William R. 1 

Lowell, John, jr. ] 

Littlehale, Sargent S. 4 

Lawrence, S. Abbott 4 

Lawrence, James 4 

Loud, Andrew J. 11 

M 

Mahan, Benjamin F. 3 

Mann, Nehemiah P. 12 

Marble, William 1 
Marrett, Philip 7, 1 1 

Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 
Marvin, Theophilus R. 7 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

Mayo, Charles 11 

Mayo, Watson G. 2 | 

McAllaster, James 5 

McLellan, George W. 1 1 | 

McLellan, Isaac, jr. 9 
Means, James 4, 7 ! 

Merrill, William B. 9 

Merriam, Edward P. 5 

Merriam, Levi 9 ' 

Messenger, Daniel 10 
Messenger, George W. 4 j 

Milton, Ephraim 2 | 

Minns, Thomas 8 j 

Manning, Francis C. 8 | 



Minot, Albert T. 1 1 

Moody, David 6 

Morey, George, jr. 11 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Moseley, David C. 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton Thomas 2 

Mullin, John R. 10 

Monroe, James 2 

Munroe, Abel B. 1 

Merriam, Joseph W. 9 

. N 

Nazro, John G. 1 1 

Nevers. Benjamin M. 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph R. 8 

Nicolson, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C. 1 

Nowell, Charles 9 

Noyes, George N. 12 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 

O 

Odin, John, jr. 9 
Oliver, Francis J. 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J. 1 

Olney, Stephen W. 2 

Orne, Henry 2 

Orrok, James L. P. 3 

Otis, George W. 5 

Otis, George W. jr. 5 

Ober, John P. 1 

Oliver, Samuel P. 1 



Palmer, Julius A. 3 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 

Page, Thaddeus 1, 2 
Paine, R. T. 10,11 

Palfrev, William 1 

Park, John C. 5 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parker, Amos B. 3 

Parker, Benjamin 6 

Parker, Isaac 7 

Parker, John B. 7, 8 

Parker, William 5 

Parker, William 10 

Parker, Charles II. 6 

Parkman, William 1 

Parmelee, Asaph 1 1 

Parrott, William W. 8 

Peabody, Augustus 7 

Peabody, O. W. B. 9 

Penniman, Scammell 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S. 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S. 12 

Perrin, Pay son 11 



224 



INDEX. 



Phelps, Abel 4, 5 1 

Phillips, George W. 10 

Phillips, John L. 11 
Phillips, Thomas W. 7 

Pickman, Benjamin T. 7 

Pierce, Josiah 1 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plympton, Henry 5 

Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 
Plummer, Farnham 7 

Pollard, Abner W. 2 

Pond, Joseph A. 5 

Pope, Thomas B. 4 

Pope, William 1 1 

Porter, Edward P. 2 

Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G. 5 

Prescott, Bradbury G. 2 
Prescott, Edward G. 9 

Prescott, "William 9 

Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Pritchard, Gilman 1 1 

Prince, Hezekiah 10 

Proctor, John 1 2 

Prouty, Joel 6 

Putnam, John P. 6 

Q 

Quincy, Josiah, jr.- 4 

R 

Paymond, Freeborn F. 2 
Eaymond, Thacher R. 2 
Paymond, Zebina L. 1 
Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J. 4 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Peed, Thomas 2 

Reed, Edward 1C 

Reed, William K 

Rice, Alexander H. 1 1 
Rice, Henry ; 

Rice, Israel C. • 

Rice, John P. N 

Richards, Francis 10. ! 
Richards, Joel 1< 

Richardson, Bill 1 

Richardson, Jeffrey : 

Richardson, James B. : 
Richardson, Benj. P. 
Ricker, George D. 
Robbins, Edward H. 
Roby, Dexter 
Roberts, Joseph D. 
Roberts, John G. 1 

Robinson, Simon W. 
Rogers, Charles O. 
Popes, Samuel W. 1 
Ross, Jeremiah 
Poulstone, Michael 
Russell, Benjamin 
Russell, Benjamin F 
Russell, John B. 



Sampson, Geo. R. 10, 5 
Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn, Greenleaf C. 1 1 
Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See 

Note. 

Savage, George 11,12 

Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 

Seaver, Joshua, jr. 6 j 

Seaver, Norman 9 , 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 I 

Severance, Jonathan B. 3 

Shattuck, Lemuel 10, 11 j 

Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shaw, Robert G. 4 

Shelton, Thomas J. 8 

Shelton, Stephen 9, 10 

Shipley, Simon G. 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 . 

Simmons, Hiram 6 , 

Simonds, Alvan 12 | 

Simonds, Jonathan 10 ] 

Simonds, William 5 

Slade, John, jr. 7 

Sloan, Samuel W. 12 

Smith, George W. 2, 3 

Smith, Joseph 12 

Sever, James W. 7, 9 

Snelling, Enoch H. 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B. 3 

Snow, Ephraim L. 5 

Spear, William T. 3 

Spinney, Samuel R. 12 

Spooner, William B. 4 

Sprague, C. 10,11,12 

Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprapue, William 3 

Starbuck, Charles C. 10 

Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stearns, Charles H. 1 

Stearns, Elijah 1 

Stebbins, John B. 12 

Stedman, Josiah 11 

Stetson, Alpheus 12 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 

Stevens, Benjamin F. 6 

Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, John 6, 12 

Stevens, John 11 

Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stimpson. Frederick H. 6 

Stodder, Joseph 2 

Stoddcr, J. W. T. 9 

Stone, Artemas 7 

Stone, Joseph 2 

Story, Joseph 5 

Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 



Sturtevant, Noah 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Suter, Hales W. 7 

Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 

Southard, Zibeon 12 



Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbell, Eben 11 

Tarbell, Silas P. 4 

Thacher, William S. 12 

Thaxter, Jonathan 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer, Elias B. 11 
Thayer, Gideon F. 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H. 8 

Thorn, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F. 2 

Thomas, William 6 

Thompson, Erasmus 1 

Thompson, John 11 

j Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 
: Thompson, Thomas II. 1 

I Thorndike, John H. 8 

! Thurston, Caleb 12 

', Tillson, John 12 

Tilton, Stephen, jr. 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael I 

Topi iff, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 

Townsend, Isaac P. 12 
Townsend, Samuel R. 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B, 1,2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F. 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Charles A. 1 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner, Otis 1 1 

Tuttle, Jcdediah 10 

Tyler, Jerome W. 4 



6 

10 
11 



IT 
Upham, Henry 
Upham, Phineas 
Urann, Richard 

V 

Vinal, Alvin 6 

Vinson, Thomas M. 12 

Vose, Joshua 11 

Vosc, Josiah 11 

Vose, Thomas 11 

Vose, Edward A. 1 



INDEX. 



225 



w 

Wakefield, Enoch H. 
"Wales, Thomas B. 
Wales, Samuel 
Ward, Artemas 
Ward, Samuel D. 
Ward, Thomas W. 
Ware, Ephraim G. 
Ware, Horatio G. 
Warren, Daniel 
Warren, George W. 
Washburn, Cyrus 
Washburn, Calvin 
Washburn, Ered. L. 
Washburn, W. R. P. 
Waters, Isaac 
Watts, Francis 0. 
Weeks, William A. 
Wellington, Alfred A 
Welles, John 
Wells, Charles 
Wells, John B. 
Wells, Thomas 

29 



Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler, Joseph 1 

Wheeler, Samuel 11, 12 
Wheelwright, George 5 
White, Warren 11,12 
Whiting, James 3 

Whitman, Samuel P. 1 
Whitney, Moses, jr. 9 
Whitney, William 9 

Whiton, David 7 

Whiton, James M. 4 

Whittemore, George 8 
Whittemore, James F. 12 
Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H. 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 
Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 
Williams, Eliphalet 8 
Williams, Horace 6, 7 



Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. 8 
Willis, Benjamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M. 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winter, Francis B. 6 

Winthrop, G. T. 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 
Woodman, Charles T. 1 
Woodman, George 10 
Wright, James 12 

Wright, John M. 5, 8 

Wright, William 6, 12 
Wright, Winslow 5 

Wyman, Abraham G. 5 



Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX. 



Accountability, &c, ... 
Aldermen, Rules and Orders, 

names and residences, 

Vacancies in, - 

Election of- ... 

No choice of, - 

Standing Committees of, - 

Chairman of, - 
Appropriations, 

Additions to, - 

Transfers of, - 
Amendment of motion, - - - 

of Questions, ... 

of Rules and Orders, 
Accounts, Board of, - 

Committee on, - 

County, Committee on, - 
Armories, - . - _ - 

Assessors, duties of, 
Assessors' Department, Committee on, 
Assessors, and how chosen, &c, - 

Assistant, --».'. 
Auditor of Accounts, ... 
Assay Master, • 

Advertising, &c, .... 



30 
3 

- 123 

29 
29 
29 

- 129 

33 

12 
12 
19 
19 

- 7,20 

- 148 

- 126 

- 129 
51, 129 

35 

- 126 
36, 130 

- 130 

- 145 

- 147 

- 144 



B 





11 


Ballot, election by, .... 


22 


Buildings, Public, 




Committee on, ... 


- 127 


Superintendent of, - 


- 140 


Ordinance, ... 


- 101 


Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 




Boston Harbor, Committee on, 


- 127 


Bridges, Committee on, - - . 


- 129 


Superintendents of, - 


- 130 


Ordinance, ... 


- 101 


Bells and Clocks, Committee on, - 


- 129 


Board of Accounts, - 


- 148 


Bark, &c, Measurers of, 


- 147 


Boats, &c, Weighers of, 


- 147 


Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, 


- 147 


Ballast, Inspection of, - 


78, 87 


Inspectors of, - 


- 147 




- 6, 19 


Boston, City of, Act concerning, - 


49 


Bowling Alleys, &c, - 


53, 54 


Bills, Placards, &c, - 
C 


86 



Cochituate Water Board, - - 145 

Committees, - - 126 

not to act separately, - - 13 

Joint records and reports of, - 13 

time allowed for reporting, - 13j 

powers and duties, - - - 21 

Conference, - - - - 11 1 



Committees, 

Joint Standing, - - - 

number of Members, 

how appointed, - 

not to purchase, &c, - 

not to approve certain bills, 

of the Whole, - 

Standing, how appointed, - 

when not to sit, - 

Chairman of, - 

chosen by ballot, 

Chairman of, pro tern., 

Notice of meetings, - 

when to report, ... 

of Board of Aldermen, 
Claims, ------ 

Committee on, ... 
Chairman of Committees, 

not to approve certain bills, 

of Board of Aldermen, 
City Charter, - - - - - 

how altered, - - 
City Debt, amount of, ... 

vote to increase, 

Committee on, - - - 
Clerk of Council, duties, 
City Officers, times of choice, 

not to sell, &c, - 
City Council, powers of, 

ineligible to other offices, - 

rules of, -.- - 
City Physician, .... 
Common Council, .... 

members of, 

how chosen, ... 

rules of, 

vacancies in, - 

President,. - - - - 

clerk of, ' - 
City Council, former members, 
Cemeteries, Committee on, - 
Coroners, - 

Conferences, - 
Contracts, - 

Contractors, Committees not to be, 
City Clerk, 

vacancy, .... 

absence, - 
County Accounts, Committee on, - 

Buildings, - - - - 

Officers, - 

how elected, ... 
Common, &c, Committee on, 

Superintendent of, - 

Ordinance, - 
Constables, ----- 
Clocks, &c, Committee on, - 
Court House, Keeper of, 
Cullers of Fish, - - - - 

Hoops, &c, - - - 
City Crier, - 

Ordinance, - 

Charitable Institutions, - 
Consulting Physicians, - 



9, 126 
9 
11 
56 
56 
21 
11 
21 

11, 21 

9 

11 

22 

22 

- 129 

10 

- 126 
11, 21 

56 
33 
25 
44 

- 175 

12 

- 126 
34, 125 

- 176 

56 
35 
37 
11 

- 136 

34 

- 123 

30 

15 

30, 31 

34 

34, 125 

- 181 

- 129 

- 148 

11 

56 

56 

33, 125 

- 34 
34 

- 129 

49 

- 147 

26 

- 129 

- 140 

- 103 

- 143 

- 129 

- 148 

- 146 

- 146 

- 146 

- 104 

- 129 
136 



228 



INDEX. 



Chief of Police, 

Camphene, 

Chimneys, 



71, 125 
54, 100 
- 102 



D 



Debt, City, - 

increase of, 
Committee on, 
Deaths, registry of - 
Division of Questions, - 
Decorum of Members, - 
Doubted Votes, - 
Dogs, - - - - - 
Disagreement of two Boards, 
Deputy Collectors, 



- 175 

12 

- 126 

- 136 

19 
17 
19 
76, 104 
11 

- 145 



Excuses for not voting, - 


_ 


18 


Elections by ballot, - ' - 


- 


22 


of State Officers, - - 20 


,42 


105 


of City Officers, Times, - 




176 


Committee on - 


- 


128 


External Health, Committee on, - 


- 


120 


Engines, officers and members, 


- 


131 


Engineer, City, - 


- 


145 






145 


Engineers, pay, &c, - 


- 


131 


Estates, valuation of, - 


- 


172 



F 



Fuel, Committee on, - 126 

Finance, Committee on, - 126 

Ordinance, - 106, 120 

Furnaces, &c, do 129 

Faneuil Hall, Committee on, - - 159 

Superintendent of, - 105 

Fire Department, ----- 131 

Committee on, - - - - 129 

Officers of, - - - 131 

Ordinance, - - - 56,77,89 

Fire Alarms, ----- 89, 132 

Committee, ... - 127 

Firemen, disabled, 54 

Fire Works, ------ 50 

Fire Arms, ------ 107 

Fence Viewers, ----- 146 

Field Drivers, ----- 147 

Further time to report, 22 

Fish, Cullers of, - 146 

Funeral Undertakers, - - - - 137 



General Meetings, ■ 
Government, City • 



44 
123 



II 



Harbor of Boston, Committee on, - - 127 

Act, ------ 135 

Ordinance, 107 

Master, ----- 135 

regulations, - - - - 135 

House of Correction, - 48, 138 

Overseers, &c. of, - - 138 

Reformation, - - - - 138 

Industry, &c, - 137 

Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of, - - 138 

Health Department, - 136 

Board of, - - - - - 36 

Ordinance, - - 15, 88, 91, 1U8 

Hay Scales, - - - - - - 108 

Hay Weighers, ----- 147 



Hay, Inspection of, 
Highways, Surveyors of, 
Hoops and Staves, Cullers of, 



Internal Health, Committee on, - 
Industry, House of. 
Instruction, Public, Committee on, 
Inspectors of Prisons, - 
Interment of Dead, - 
Indefinite Postponement, 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 
Island, Committee on, 



Jail, Committee on. 
Joint Rules and Orders, 
Joint Standing Committees, - 
how composed, 
records to be kept, - 
Chairman of, - 
reports of, - 
Jailor, Deputy, - 
Justices, Police Court, - 



147 
37 
147 



129 
137 
127 
148 
136 
4 



129 

9 

126 

9 

13 

11 

13 

148 

148 



Laws, recent, ----- 48 
Lunatic Hospital, 

Ordinance, 65 

Visitors, ----- 138 

Laying on the Table, - 4 

Licenses, _-_'__'__ 129 

Committee on, - - - - 129 

Lands, Public, Committee on, - - 129 

Superintendent of, - - - 140 

Ordinance, - 121 

Lamps, number of, &c, - 139 

Committee on, - - 129 

Superintendent of, - 139 

Lumber, Survey of, 67, 92, 111 

Surveyors of, - - - - 146 

Lighters, ----- 78, 87 

Lime, Inspectors of, 146 

Leather, Measurer of, - - - - 147 

Library, Public, Committee on, - - 128 

Ordinance, - - - 75, 92 

Trustees, ----- 140 

Librarian, ----- 140 

Commissioners, - 141 



M 



Marble, Act concerning, - 

Ordinance, - 
Motions to be in writing, - 

withdrawn, - 
Members, rights and duties of, 
Members, not to speak more than twice, 

not 1o stand up, - 

not to be interrupted, 

not to be on more than two Com 
mittees,- - 

not to be named, - - - 

all to vote, - - - . 

two or more rising, - - - 

interested, - 
Mayor and Aldermen, - - - - 

duties, - 
Mayor, absence of, 

no clioice of, 

election of, 

decease of, 

duties of, - 

compensation, - 



92 

19 
16 
17 
18 
18 
18 

18 
20 
18 
17 
18 
123 
34 
32 
28, 29 
27 
39 
39 
37 



INDEX. 



229 



Main question, .... 
Memorials, &c, .... 
Market, Committee on . 

Superintendent and assistants 

Ordinance, 
Mahogany, &c, Surveyors of, 
Municipal Court, Officers of, 

Year, 

Messenger to City Council, . 

Assistant, .... 
Meetings of Committees, notice of, 
Marriages, &c, Registry of . 
Measurers of Wood, Bark, &c. 



Notice to Committees, . 
Newspapers taken by City, 
Non-concurrence, . 



16 

20 
. 129 
of, 141 
65, 67 
. 146 
. 147 

26 
74, 125 
. 125 

22 
. 136 
. 147 



82 

144 

11 







Order of business, . 


6, 19 


Orders, titles of, . 


11 


to have two readings, 


22 














Committee on, . 


. 127 


Overseers of the Poor, . 


40, 139 


Oak Lumber, &c, Surveyors of 


. 146 


Order, questions of, 


4, 16 


Officers, election of, time, &c, 


. 176 


not to sell, &c, 


56 






Orators of Boston, . 


. 178 


Organization of City Council, 


32 



Primary Schools, . 




147 


Police Department, 


66, 


142 


Court, . 




148 


Harbor, . . . . 




143 


Paving, &c, Committee on, . 




129 


Prisons, Inspectors of, . . . 




148 


Physicians, Port, and City, . . 




136 


Consulting, 




136 


Priority of Business, 


' 6 


, 19 


Pound Keepers, . . . . 




147 


Personal Estate, valuation of, 




175 


Population of the City, . 




176 


President of the Council, 






Eights and duties of, 




15 


Absence of, 




17 


Substitution of, 




15 


to call to order, 




15 


Previous Question, 




16 


Public Buildings, Superintendent 


Df, ! 


140 


Committee on, . 




127 


Ordinance, . 


88, 


113 


Public Library, Committee on, 




128 


Trustees, . 




140 


Commissioners, 




141 


Public Instruction, Committee on 




127 


Public Lands, 






Superintendent of, . 




14') 


Committee on, . 




128 


squares, &c, 




76 


advertising, 




144 


Poor, Overseers of, 


h 


139 


Personalities, .... 




17 


Postponement, . 




16 


Petitions, &c, 




2>t 


Printing, &c, Committee on, 


.' 123 


144 


Ordinance, 




112 


Placards, bills, &c, 




86 



a 

Questions propounded, . 

under debate, . 

order of, . 
Questions, Divisions of, 

laying on the Table, 
Quarantine Boat Captain, 



II 



Rules and Orders, 

Joint, .... 

Board of Aldermen, . 

Common Council, 

suspension of, . 

repeal or amendment of, 
Reduction of City Debt, 

Committee on, - 
Resolves, what are, 
Representatives, 

number of determined. 
Records of Committees, . 
Reports, Clerks to make copies, 

to be in writing, 

Joint, .... 

agreed to by Committee, 

time allowed, . . 
Reconsideration, 
Reading of papers, . 
Real Estate, valuation of, 
Keference of questions, . 
Recommitment, 
Reformation, House of, . 
Registrar, City 

Water, 
Registry of Births, &c, . 
Register of Deeds, . 



S 



Standing Committees, Joint, 

Members of, 

Chairman of, 

Meetings, how called 

of Aldermen, 

to keep records, 
Sums, and times, votes on, 
Suspension of Rules, &c, 
Seats of Members, . 
Sewers and Drains, 

Committee on, . 

Superintendent of, 
Salaried Officers, how chosen 
Solicitor, City . 
Steam Engines, 

Committee on, . 
Streets and Ways, Committee on, 

Ordinance, . . 87, 

Superintendent of, 
Surveyors of Highways, 
Staves, &c, cullers of, &c, 
Seal of City, . 
Sheriffs, &c, . 
Substitution of President, 
Sealers of Weights and Measures, 
Schools, 

Committee, 

Instructors, &c, 

Superintendent, 
Stables, &c, erection of, 
Second hand articles, 



16 
16 
16 
19 
16 
136 



15 
3 

15 

7, 20 
7, 20 

126 
11 

37 
13 
13 
13 
13 
13 
13 
4, 18 
20 

175 
29 
29 

138 
113, 136 

145 

136 
36 



9 
126 
11 

25 
129 

13 
4, 16 
7, 20 

20 

129 

144 

23 

114, 144 

129 

129 

,91,114 

144 

37 

146 

2 

148 

15 

147 

40, 41, 149 
. 150 
. 149 
. 53, 54 
91, 113 



Transfers of Approprial ions, . . . 12 
Times and sums, votes on, . . . 4, 16 
Taxes, 35, Ii9, 17^ 



230 



INDEX. 



Treasurer, .... 
Treasury Department, • 

Committee on, . 
Titles to ordinances, &e., 
Trucks, &c, Superintendent of, 
Two-thirds vote, 
Truants, . 

Officers for, 



37, 145 

145 

128 

11 

142 

12 

87,89 

144 



Undertakers, . 

Upper Leather, Measurer of, , 



137 

147 



Votes, returns of, 43 

how transmitted, ... 43 

doubted, 6, 19 

of all required, .... 18 

Voters, qualified, 41 

Vacancies in Ward Offices, Sec, . . 31 



W 
Water Department 145 



Water, Committee on 128 

Ordinance, 65, 119 

Rates, 94 

Registrar, 145 

Ward Officers, .... 26, 166 

Officers, duties of, . . . 26 
Vacancies, &c, . . 27, 31, 32 

Rooms, 171 

Warden, power and duties, ... 27 

Wards, Boundaries, .... 169 

division of, .... 25 

Widening streets, Committee on, . . 121 

Watch and Police, 

Act 53 

Committee on, .... 129 

Wood and liark, 120 

Wood, &c, Measurers of, . . . 147 

Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, 147 

Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 142 

Weighers and Measurers, . . . 147 



Teas and Nays, » . . . . 4, 16 



L