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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

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MUNICIPAL REGISTEE: 



CONTAINING THE 



CITY CHARTER AND RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL, 



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FOR THE YEAR 

1856. 



BOSTON: 

MOORE & CROSBY, CITY PRINTERS— 1 WATER STREET. 
1856. 



EULES AND OEDERS 



BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 



Section 1. The Mayor, and in his absence, the Chair- 
man of the Board, shall take the chair at the hour to 
which the Board shall have adjourned, and shall call 
the members to order, and a quorum being present, 
shall cause the minutes of the preceding meeting to be 
read ; and in the absence of the Mayor and Chairman, 
the senior member present shall preside as chairman 
pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Board, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, he shall cause a return of the 
members voting in the affirmative, and in the negative, 
without debate on the question. 



4 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 4. He may read sitting, but shall rise to state 
a motion or put a question to the Board. 

Sect. 5. When the Mayor shall desire to vacate the 
chair, he shall call the Chairman of the Board to take 
it, and in his absence, the senior member present. 
When the Chairman of the Board or the Chairman pro 
tempore shall desire to vacate the chair, he may call any 
member to it, but such substitution shall not continue 
beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 6. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the Chair shall take the sense of the Board by yeas and 
nays, provided any member shall so require. 

Sect. 7. The Chair shall propound all questions in 
the order in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 8. After a motion is stated or read by the 
Chair, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Board, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 9. When a question is under debate, the Chair 
shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay on the 
table, to postpone to a day certain, to commit, to amend, 
or to postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall 
have precedence in the order in which they stand ar- 
ranged ; and a motion to strike out the enacting clause 
of an Ordinance shall be equivalent to a motion to 
postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 10. The Chair shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order, except on an immediate 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 5 

repetition ; and that motion, and the motion to lay on 
the table, or to take up from the table, shall be decided 
without debate. 

Sect. 11. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member to move a reconsideration there- 
of) at the same or the succeeding meeting, but not after- 
ward ; and when a motion for reconsideration is decided, 
that vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 12. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the Chair ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities. 

Sect. 13. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to a call to order. 

Sect. 14. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 15. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any 
question, must be made before the Board is divided, or 
before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such appli- 
cation shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the 
reasons, and shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 16. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chair shall so direct. 

Sect. 17. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; 



6 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 18. No motion or proposition, of a subject dif- 
ferent from that under consideration, shall be admitted 
under color of amendment. 

Sect. 19. Motions and Reports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Board. 

Sect. 20. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Chair, 
shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 21. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 22. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the question 
shall be taken in the following order : — 

1st. To a Standing Committee of the Board ; 

2d. To a Select Committee of the Board ; 

3d. To a Joint Standing Committee ; 

4th. To a Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 23. The following Standing Committees of the 
Board, to consist of three members each, shall be ap- 
pointed by the Mayor : — 

Committee on Armories and Military Affairs — Bridges 
— Cemeteries — Common and Public Squares — County 
Accounts — Fire Department — Faneuil Hall (to be com- 
posed of the Committee on Public Buildings on the 
part of this Board) — External Health — Internal Health 
— Lamps, Bells, and Clocks — Laying out and Widen- 
ing Streets — Licenses — Jail — Market — Paving and Re- 
pahs of Streets — Sewers and Drains — Steam Engines 
and Furnaces. All other Committees, unless otherwise 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 7 

provided for, or specially directed by the Board, shall 
be appointed by the Chair. 

Sect. 24. At every regular meeting of the Board, 
the order of business shall be as follows: — 

1. Communications from His Honor the Mayor. 

2. Presentation of petitions, memorials and remon- 
strances. 

3. Papers from the Common Council. 

4. Reports of City Officers. 

5. Reports of Committees. 

6. Motions, orders and resolutions. 

And the above order of business shall not be departed 
from, but by the votes of a majority of the members of 
the Board present. 

Sect. 25. Each Committee elected on the part of 
this Board shall organize at its first meeting by the 
choice of a Chairman, and shall report the same to this 
Board, and in all cases where the Chair appoints a 
Committee, unless otherwise provided for, the member 
first named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the 
member next in order, who shall be present, shall be 
Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 26. Committees of the Board, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Sect. 27. The foregoing rules shall not be altered, 
amended, suspended or repealed at any time except by 
the vote of two-thirds of the members of the Board 
present at the time. 



JOINT EULES AND OEDEES 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
Year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall 
be chosen by ballot, viz : — 

A Committee on Finance, to consist of the Mayor, 
the Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, and seven 
members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Accounts, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

And the following committees shall be appointed, 
viz: — 

A committee on Public La?ids, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Buildings, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Instruction, to consist of three 
Aldermen, and the President and four members of the 
Common Council. 

A committee on Institutions at South Boston and 
Deer Island, to consist of three Aldermen and five 
members of the Common Council. 
2 



10 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

A committee on Fuel, to consist of two Aldermen 
and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Water, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on the Treasury Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Assessors 7 Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Harbor, to consist of two Alder- 
men and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Printing, to consist of one Alder- 
man and two members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Library, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Ordinances, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on Claims, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council, who shall 
have full power and authority to investigate all claims 
against the City, and to take any measures for the de- 
fence of such claims that they may deem expedient, 
and also under the advice of the Mayor to adjust and 
settle all claims not exceeding the sum of $500. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 11 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the 
part of the Common Council, shall, according to the 
ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Reduction 
of the City Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not a 
member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his 
resignation or inability, the other members of the same 
Board, in the order in which they are named, and after 
them, the member of the Common Council, first in 
order, shall call meetings of the Committee and act as 
Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council 5 , if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either 
shall choose, the reasons of their respective Boards, for 
and against the matter in controversy, confer freely 
thereon, and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence 
shall be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall 
adjourn. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed " Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Com- 



12 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

mon Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of Com- 
mand, the form of expression shall be " Ordered ; " and 
whenever either or both branches express opinions, 
principles, facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, the specific appropriations for the several objects 
enumerated in the general appropriation bill shall be 
deemed and taken to be the maximum amount to be 
expended by the several Committees having the charge 
thereof for the entire financial year, and shall be ex- 
pended with a proper regard thereto ; and after the 
annual order of appropriations shall have been passed, 
no subsequent expenditures shall be authorized for any 
object, unless provisions for the same shall be made by 
special transfer from some of the appropriations con- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt ; in which cases the order shall 
not be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole number 
of each branch of the City Council shall vote in the 
affirmative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriations specially 
made therefor, or whenever any committee shall have 
expended the sum specially appropriated for their use, 
in the order of appropriation for the year, and in either 
case shall require a further sum ; it shall be the duty 
of such Committee having such matter in charge, to 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 13 

submit the fact to the City Council for instructions, 
accompanied with a detailed statement m. print, of the 
cause or causes which have created the necessity for 
such application, and the object for which the same is 
needed. And no contract shall be made, or expendi- 
ture authorized in either case, unless by a specific vote 
of the City Council first making the necessary provision 
for the payment resulting therefrom, and no debt shall 
be created, or transfer from one special appropriation 
to another be made, until such report or statement 
shall have been submitted to the City Council, by the 
Committee requirmg the same. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided 
by the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act 
by separate consultations, and no report shall be re- 
ceived, unless agreed to in Committee actually assem- 
bled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, 
to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and 
no report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on 
the reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the 
Committee of either branch. All reports shall be 
signed by the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed 
by the Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies 
of any papers to be reported by Committees, at the re- 
quest of the respective Chairman thereof. 



14 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 



Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall audit 
or approve any bill or account against the City, for any 
supplies or services, which shall not have been ordered 
or authorized by the Committee. 



BULES AND OEDEES 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Poivers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour to which the Council shall have adjourned ; 
shall call the members to order ; and on the appear- 
ance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the preceding 
meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a 
return of the members voting in the affirmative, and 
in the negative, without further debate on the ques- 
tion. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 



16 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. G. When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall 
appoint the member who shall take the chair. The 
President may at any other time, call any member to 
the chair, but such substitution shall not continue 
beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pres- 
ent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the sub- 
sequent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the 
mover may withdraw it at any time before a decision 
or amendment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely; which several motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in which they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone in- 
definitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order ; and that motion, and the 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 17 

motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the 
table, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form: "Shall the main question be now put?" 
and all debate upon the main question shall be sus- 
pended until the previous question shall be decided. 
After the adoption of the previous question, the sense 
of the Council shall forthwith be taken upon amend- 
ments reported by a Committee, upon all pending 
amendments and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member shall 
speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for 
the previous question, shall be decided without debate, 
except on an appeal ; and on such an appeal, no mem- 
ber shall be allowed to speak more than once without 
eave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. "When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or especially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President pro tempore shall be chosen by 
ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
3 



18 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

rise and respectfully address the President ; shall con- 
fine himself to the question under debate, and avoid 
personalities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. 
No member shall speak out of his place, without leave 
of the President. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising up to call to order. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtaining leave of the 
Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has, passed, it shall be in 
order for any member who voted in the majority, to 
move a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the suc- 
ceeding meeting, but not afterwards; and when a 
motion for reconsideration is decided, that vote shall 
not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on 
more than two Committees at the same time, nor Chair- 
man of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand 
up to the interruption of another, while any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Presi- 
dent and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, be required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not 
be allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, 
till he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 19 

private right is ; immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council, for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, 
on any question, must be made before the Council is 
divided, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and 
such application shall be accompanied by a brief state- 
ment of the reasons, and shall be decided on without 
debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writiDg, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible; 
but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and reports may be committed or 
recommitted at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Keports from City Officers, 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 



20 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for, 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the question 
shall be taken in the following order: — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of 
members, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneous- 
ly ; and each member shall be entitled, for the year, 
to the seat bearing the number so drawn against his 
name ; and shall not change it except by permission of 
the President. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds of 
the members present consent thereto. 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 21 



Petitions, Memorials, &e. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his place, 
and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or such other 
person as the President may request ; and shall be 
taken up in the order in which they are presented, 
except when the Council shall otherwise determine ; 
provided, that the reading of petitions, memorials, re- 
monstrances, and papers of a like nature, shall in all 
instances be dispensed with, unless specially ordered by 
the Council. 

Powers and Duties of Committees, &c. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, 
shall be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far as 
they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak, has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Returns shall be appointed at the commencement of the 
municipal year, and shall consist of five members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the sessions 
of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, 
shall be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by 



22 Rules and Orders of the Common Council 

the direction of the President ; they shall organize at 
their first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and 
shall report the same to the Council ; and members on 
the part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 
aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meeting, 
and report to the Council hi like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the 
member next in order, who shall be present, shall be 
Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be 
entitled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee 
assembled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees to keep a record of their doings, in books pro- 
vided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances, Orders, &c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 23 

and no Order or Eesolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day ; provided, 
however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 
to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the City. 

Elections, &c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks and ballots for in- 
eligible persons shall be reported, but shall not be 
counted in the returns. 

Sect. 50. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Cleric, &c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such 
orders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 
otherwise, — shall notice Reports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, — and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up 
all messages to the Board of Aldermen, and send them 
by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings of 
Committees of the Council, and make their records 
when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 



25 



THE CITY CHARTER. 



Section 1. The inhabitants of the City of Bos- corporate 

powers. 

ton, for all the purposes for which towns and cities 821, 110, § L 
are by law incorporated in this Commonwealth, 
shall continue to be one body politic in fact and 
in name, under the style and denomination of the 
City of Boston, and, as such, shall have, exercise 
and enjoy, all the rights, immunities, powers, and 
privileges, and shall be subject to all the duties 
and obligations now incumbent upon and apper- 
taining to said city as a municipal corporation. 

Sect. 2. The administration of all the fiscal, city Govern- 
ment. 

prudential, and municipal concerns of said city, 1821, 110 ' § 1 - 
with the conduct and government thereof, shall 
be vested in one principal officer, to be styled the 
Mayor, one council of twelve persons, to be called 
the Board of Aldermen, and one council of forty- 
eight persons, to be called the Common Council, 
which boards, in their joint capacity, shall be de- 
nominated the City Council, and also in such other 
boards of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the City Coun- Division into 

twelve wards. 

cil, and they are empowered during the year 1860, \f^ \$ | f 
and whenever thereafterwards they may deem it 
expedient, not oftener than once in ten years, to 
cause a new division of the city to be made into 
twelve wards, in such manner as to include an 



26 



CITY CHARTER. 



Annual meeting 
for the election 
of city officers. 



1851, ch. 167. 
1854, ch. 39. 



equal number of voters in each ward, as nearly as 
conveniently may be, consistently with well de- 
fined limits to each ward ; and until such division 
be made, the boundary lines of the wards shall 
remain as now established. 

Sect. 4. The annual meeting of citizens for the 
election of municipal officers hereinafter mention- 
ed, shall be held on the second Monday of Decem- 
ber, and the citizens of said city, qualified to vote 
in city affairs, shall, for the purpose of such elec- 
tion, then meet together within the wards in which 
they respectively reside at such hour and place as 
the board of aldermen may by their warrant direct 
and appoint, and the person receiving the highest 
number Of votes for any office shall be deemed and 
declared to be elected to such office ; and when- 
ever two or more persons are to be elected to the 
same office, the several persons, to the number re- 
quired to be chosen, having the highest number of 
votes, shall be declared elected. 

Sect. 5. Every person so chosen in any ward 
shall within forty-eight hours of his election, be 
furnished by the clerk with a certificate thereof, 
signed by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors, which certificate shall be presumptive 
evidence of the title of such person to the office 
therein mentioned. 
commencement Sect. 6. The municipal officers to be chosen at 

of municipal x 

182449, §2. the annual election, shall enter upon the duties 
of their respective offices on the first Monday of 
January. 



Certificates of 
election to be 
furnished. 



CITY CHARTER. 



27 



Sect. 7. The qualified voters of said city shall, ^j e c c e t j.° nofward 
at the annual meeting, choose by ballot one ward- 
en and one clerk and five inspectors of elections 
for each ward, who shall be resident in said ward, 
and who shall hold their offices for one year, and 
until others shall be chosen and qualified in their 
stead. 

Sect. 8. The ward officers mentioned in the ward officers to 

be sworn. 

preceding section, shall respectively make oath 1821, 110, § 3 - 
faithfully and impartially to discharge their sev- 
eral duties, which oath may be administered by 
the clerk of such ward to the warden, and by the 
latter to the clerk and inspectors, or to all of said 
officers by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk ; and a certificate thereof shall be en- 
tered in the record to be kept by the clerk of the 
ward. . 

Sect. 9. In case of the non-election of any Non-election of 

J ward officers. 

ward officer at the annual meeting, adjournments 
may be had for the purpose of effecting such elec- 
tion, in the same manner as is hereinafter provided 
with regard to the election of members of the 
common council. 

Sect. 10. In case of the absence of any ward^™ ofward 
officer at any ward meeting, such officer may be ms, 21?; § 3! 
chosen pro tempore by hand vote, and shall have 
all the powers and be subject to all the duties of 
the regular officer at such meeting. 

Sect. 11. It shall be the duty of the warden Power and duty 

* / of warden. 

to preside at all ward meetings, with the powers 
of moderators of town meetings. In case of his 
absence, the clerk, and in case of the absence of 



28 



CITY CHARTER. 



Duties of ward 

clerk. 

1821, 110, § 3. 



the clerk, any inspector shall preside according to 
seniority, nntil a warden shall be chosen as pro- 
vided in the preceding section. 

Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the clerk to 
make a fair and true record and to keep an exact 
journal of all the acts and votes of citizens at the 
ward meetings, and to deliver over such records 
and journals, together with other documents and 
papers held by him in his said capacity, to his suc- 
cessor hi office. 
Duties of warden Sect. 13. It shall be the duty of the warden 

and inspectors. 

1821, no, § 3. an( j inspectors of each ward to receive, sort, and 
count, and of the warden to declare, all votes at 
any election within such ward. 

Sect. 14. It shall be the duty of all ward offi- 
cers authorized to preside and act at elections of 
city officers to attend and perform their respective 
duties, at the times and places appomted for elec- 
tions of any officers, whether of the United States, 
State, City, or Wards, and to make and sign the 
regular returns of the same. 

Sect. 15. The qualified voters of said city 
shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to 
give in their votes for one able and discreet person, 
being an inhabitant of the city, to be mayor of 
said city for the term of one year. All the bal- 
lots so given in, in each ward, being sorted, count- 
ed and declared, shall be recorded at large by the 
clerk in open ward meeting : and in making such 
declaration and record the whole number of votes 
or ballots given in shall be distinctly stated, to- 
gether with the name of every person voted for, 



Duties of ward 
officers at all 
elections. 
1845, 217, § 3. 



Election of 
mayor. 
1821, 110, § 5. 



CITY CHARTER. 29 

and the number of votes given for each person 
respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in 
words at length : and a transcript of such record, 
certified and authenticated by the warden, clerk, 
and a majority of the inspectors of elections for 
each ward, shall forthwith be transmitted or deliv- 
ered by such ward clerk to the clerk of the city. 
It shall be the duty of the city clerk forthwith to 
enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, 
upon the journal of the proceedings of the board 
of aldermen, or some other book to be kept for 
that purpose. 

Sect. 16. The board of aldermen shall, as soon Board of aider- 
men to examine 

as conveniently may be, within three days of such fo r ™. r f . vote8 
election, meet together and examine all the, said i83o! chap. 7,' §2. 
returns, and they shall cause the person who may 
have been elected mayor, to be notified in writing 
of his election ; but if it shall appear by said re- 
turns that no person has been elected, or if the 
person elected shall refuse to accept the office, the 
board shall issue their warrants for a new election, 
and the same proceedings shall be had, as are pro- 
vided in the preceding section for the choice of a 
mayor, and repeated from time to time, until a 
mayor shall be chosen. 

Sect. 17. Whenever, on examination by ^JSSSSSX* 
board of aldermen of the returns of votes given tneTommence- 

ment of the mu- 

for mayor at the meetings of the wards holden for ™fvf year. 
the purpose of electing that officer, last preceding 
the first Monday of January, in each year, no per- 
son shall appear to be chosen, the board or alder- 



30 CITY CHARTER. 

men, by whom such examination is made, shall 
make a record of that fact, an attested copy of 
which record it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
to produce and read, on the first Monday of Jan- 
uary, in the presence of the members returned to 
serve as aldermen and common councilmen ; and 
the oaths prescribed by law may be administered to 
the members elect. The members of the board of 
aldermen shall thereupon proceed to elect a chair- 
man, and the common council a president, hi their 
respective chambers, and being respectively organ- 
ized they shall proceed to business in the manner 
hereinafter provided, in case of the absence of the 
mayor : — and the board of aldermen shall forth- 
with issue their warrants for meetings of the citi- 
zens of the respective wards, for the choice of a. 
mayor, at such time and place as they shall judge 
most convenient ; and the same proceedings shall 
be had, in all respects, as are hereinbefore directed, 
and shall be repeated from time to time, until a 
mayor shall be duly chosen. 
proceedings in Sect. 18. Whenever it shall appear, by the 

case no mayor 

^nbo S ar n dofa a i- regular returns of the elections of city officers, 

dermen is not iii i it i ii i n n 

eiected...i that a mayor has not been chosen, or that a full 

1845, 217 § 

board of aldermen has not been elected, such of 
the board of aldermen, whether they constitute a 
quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall 
issue their warrant, in the usual form, for the elec- 
tion of a mayor, or such members of the board of 
aldermen as may be necessary, and the same pro- 
ceedings shall be had and repeated, until the elec- 
tion of a mayor and aldermen shall be completed, 



CITY CHARTER. 



31 



and all vacancies shall be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a major nor any aldermen 
shall be elected at the usual time for electing the 
same, and after the powers of the former mayor 
and aldermen shall have ceased, it shall be the 
duty of the president of the common council, to 
issue his warrant, in the same manner as the board 
of aldermen would have done, if elected, and the 
same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Sect. 19. The qualified voters of said city, Election of ai- 
shall, at the annual meethig, be called upon to give 1821 ' 110, § 6 ' 
in their votes for twelve persons, being inhabitants 
of said city, to constitute the board of aldermen 
for the ensuing year, and all the votes so given, 
being sorted, counted, and declared by the warden 
and inspectors, shall be recorded at large by the 
clerk, in open ward meeting ; and in making such 
declaration and record, the whole number of votes 
or ballots given in shall be particularly stated, to- 
gether with the name of every person voted for, 
and the number of votes given for each person ; 
and a transcript of such record, certified by the 
warden and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors 
of each ward, shall forthwith be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings 
shall be had, to ascertain and determine the per- 
sons chosen as aldermen, as are hereinbefore direc- 
ted in regard to the choice of mayor, and for a 
new election, in case of the whole number required 
not being chosen at the first election. And each 
alderman so chosen shall be duly notified in writ- 



32 CITY CHARTER. 

ing of bis election, by tbe mayor and aldermen 
for tbe time being. 
Election of com- Sect. 20. Tbe qualified voters of eacb ward 

mon cuuncil- - 1 

unu no, § 7. shall, at the annual election, be called upon to give 
in their votes for four able and discreet men, be- 
ing inhabitants of the ward, to be members of the 
common council, for the ensuing year ; and all 
the ballots so given in, in each ward, being sorted, 
counted and declared, a public declaration of the 
result shall be made by the warden hi open ward 
meeting ; and a record of such proceedings shall 
be kept by the clerk, hi his journal, stating partic- 
ularly the whole number of ballots given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, the number 
actually given for each person, the whole to be 
written in words at length. 

Proceedings in Sect. 21. In case four persons are not chosen 

case there is no ■*■ 

moTcoundi"" at the first balloting in any ward, the meeting of 

men. 

such ward shall be adjourned by the presiding offi- 
cer, for the purpose of filling such vacancies, to a 
period not less than twenty-four, nor more than 
seventy-two hours distant from the hour when the 
polls were opened at the first balloting, the time 
of adjournment, within such limits, to be deter- 
mined by the warden, with the consent of a ma- 
jority of the inspectors who may be present when 
such adjournment is had ; and such notice shall be 
given of the time of such adjournment, and the time 
the polls will be kept open, as the warden may 
direct ; and at such adjourned meeting a balloting 
shall be opened for a number of common council- 
men sufficient to complete the number of four, 



CITY CHARTER. 33 

which shall be conducted, and its result be declared 
and recorded, in the same manner as before pre- 
scribed for the first balloting. 

Sect. 22. In case there shall still be vacancies same subject. 
in the number of common councilmen in any 
ward, adjournments of the meetings of the citizens 
thereof, for the purpose of filling the same, shall 
continue to be had in the same manner to periods 
not less than twenty-four, nor more than seventy- 
two hours distant from each other, at all of which 
the balloting shall be conducted, and the result be 
declared and recorded in the same manner as be- 
fore prescribed, until the number of four shall be 
duly chosen. And at all such adjournments the 
polls shall be kept open the same number of hours 
as are required by the original warrant. 

Sect. 23. If at the close of the last legally ad- same subject. 
journed meeting of any ward as aforesaid prece- 
ding the first Monday in January, there shall still 
be vacancies in the number of common council- 
men for any ward, no further adjournment shall 
be had ; but a record of the fact, and of the num- 
ber of such vacancies, shall be made by the clerk 
of the ward in his journal, signed therein by the 
warden, clerk, and a majority of the inspectors, an 
attested copy of which record shall forthwith be 
delivered by the clerk of the ward to the city 
clerk, who shall lay the same before the common 
council at their first meeting in January. 

Sect. 24. The board of aldermen, the common Board of ai.ier- 

men, &c, to 

council, and the school committee shall have J t ?o,f s ! ofelec " 
authority to decide upon all questions relative to 



34 CITY CHARTER. 

the qualifications, elections and returns of their 
respective members. 
L a yor C ward Sect. 25. Whenever it shall appear to the 

] 845?2i7, § 2. board of aldermen, that there is a vacancy, by re- 
moval from the city, or by death, resignation, or 
otherwise, in the board of aldermen, the common 
council, the school committee, or hi any of the city 
and ward offices, it shall be the duty of said board 
to issue their warrant in due form to fill all such 
vacancies, in each and all of said boards and offi- 
ces at such time and place as they may deem ad- 
visable ; and the same proceedings shall be had and 
adjournments, if necessary, within the same limits, 
as are herein prescribed for the annual meeting 
for the election of common councilmen. But in 
case of vacancies hi the common council, and 
school committee, such warrant shall not be is- 
sued, until the board of aldermen receive official 
hiformation thereof. 
Removal of city Sect. 26. All city and ward officers shall be 

or ward officers . «/ 

wards tbeir held to discharge the duties of the offices to which 

1845, 217, § S. 

they have been respectively elected, notwithstand- 
ing their removal after their election out of their 
respective wards, into any other wards of the city. 
But they shall not be so held after they have ta- 
ken up their permanent residence out of the city. 
SS^SSST * Sect. 27. The mayor, aldermen, and common 
1824 49, §2." councilmen, on the first Monday of January, or 
before entering on the duties of their offices, shall 
respectively be sworn, by taking the oath of alle- 
giance and oath of office, prescribed in the consti- 
tution of this commonwealth, and an oath to sup- 



CITY CHARTER. 35 

port the constitution of the United States. And 
such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, oath of office. 
by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial 
court, or any judge of any court of record, com- 
missioned to hold any such court, within the said 
city, or by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk. And such oaths shall be administered 
to the aldermen and members of the common 
council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn 
as aforesaid ; or by either of the persons authorized 
to administer said oath to the mayor ; and a cer- 
tificate of such oaths having been taken shall be 
entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council respectively, by their 
respective clerks. 

Sect. 28. In case of the unavoidable absence Absence of 

mayor elect. 

on account of sickness or otherwise, of the mayor 183a 7 ' § 2 * 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the City 
Government shall organize itself in the mode here- 
inbefore provided in cases wherein no person shall 
have been elected mayor at the meeting last pre- 
ceding the first Monday in January, and may pro- 
ceed to business in the same manner as if the 
mayor was present. 

Sect. 29. After the organization of the citv Aldermen t0 

° * choose a perma- 

government and the qualification of a mayor, and nent chairman - 
when a quorum of the board of aldermen shall be 
present, said board, the mayor presiding, shall pro- 
ceed to choose a permanent chairman, who shall 
preside at all meetings of the board and at conven- 
tions of the two branches, in the absence of the 
mayor ; and in case of any vacancy in the office 



36 CITY CHARTER. 

of mayor for any cause, he shall exercise all^the 
powers and perform all the duties of the office as 
long as such vacancy shall continue. But he shall 
contmue to have a vote in the hoard and shall not 
have the veto power. 
city oierk. Sect. 30. The mayor, aldermen, and common 

1821, 110, §10. J ^ ' 

council in convention in the month of January, 
shall choose a clerk for the term of one year, and 
until another person is duly chosen and qualified 
hi his stead, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of the duties of his office, and shall be re- 
movable at the pleasure of the board of aldermen 
— the mayor thereto consenting. He shall be de- 
nominated the city clerk, and it shall be his duty 
to keep a journal of the acts and proceedings of 
the board of aldermen, to sign all warrants issued 
by them, and to do such other acts hi his said ca- 
pacity, as may lawfully and reasonably be required 
of him ; and to deliver over all journals, books, 
papers, and documents entrusted to him as such 
clerk, to his successor in office immediately upon 
such successor behig chosen and qualified as afore- 
said, or whenever he may be thereunto required 
by the aldermen. The city clerk thus chosen and 
qualified shall continue to have all the powers and 
perform all the duties now by law belonging to 
him. 
vacancy in office Sect. 31. In case of a vacancy in the office of 

of city clerk. ^ 

city clerk, from any cause, the same shall be filled 

in the manner provided in the preceding section. 

Absence of city Sect. 32. In case of the temporary absence of 

the city clerk, the mayor, by and with the advice 



CITY CHARTER. 37 

and consent of the board of aldermen, may appoint 
a city clerk pro tempore. 

Sect. 33. The administration of police, togeth- Powers and du. 

-*• jo ties of mayor 

er with the executive powers of the said corpora- i^ii™".' 
tion generally, and all the powers formerly vested 
in the selectmen of the town of Boston, either by 
the general laws of this commonwealth, by partic- 
ular laws relative to the powers and duties of said 
selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by-laws of 
said town, and all the powers subsequently vested 
in the mayor or aldermen of said city, as county r. s. 24, § 54. 

J J 7 J Ibid, 14, § 29. 

commissioners or otherwise, shall be, and hereby 
are vested in the board of aldermen, as hereby 
constituted, as fully and amply as if the same were 
herein specially enumerated. A majority of the 
members of the board shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business. Their meetings 
shall be public, and the mayor if present, shall 1821 . no, § 11. 
preside, but without a vote. 

Sect. 34. The persons so chosen and qualified common council 

■*■ x a separate body. 

as members of the common council of the said city, 1821 ' U0, § 1L 
shall sit and act together as a separate body, dis- 
tinct from that of the board of aldermen, except 
in those cases in which the two bodies are to meet 
in convention ; and the said council shall have 
power, from time to time, to choose one of their President. 
own members to preside over their deliberations, 
and to preserve order therein, and also to choose cierk. 
a clerk, who shall be under oath faithfully to dis- 
charge the duties of his office, who shall hold such 
office during the pleasure of said council, and 
whose duty it shall be to attend said council, when 



38 CITY CHARTER. 

the same is in session, to keep a journal of its acts, 

votes, and proceedings, and to perform such other 

services, in said capacity, as said council may re- 

sittings to be quire. All sittings of the common council shall 

public. J- o 

be public ; and twenty-five members shall consti- 
Quorum. tute a quorum for the transaction of business. 

Powers of city Sect. 35. All other powers heretofore by law 

council. J- ^ 

stat.' 1817,^262. vested in the town of Boston, or in the inhabitants 

1851, c. 238. . . . 1 

thereof, as a municipal corporation, or m the city 
council of the city of Boston, shall be and hereby 
are continued to be vested in the mayor, alder- 
men, and common council of the said city, to be 
exercised by concurrent vote, each board as hereby 
constituted, having a negative upon the proceed- 
ings of the other, and the mayor having a veto 
power as hereinafter provided. More especially 
they shall have power to make all such needful 

By-iaws. and salutary by-laws, or ordinances, not inconsist- 

ent with the laws of this commonwealth, as towns 
by the laws of this commonwealth have power to 
make and establish, and to annex penalties not ex- 
ceeding fifty dollars, for the breach thereof, which 
by-laws and ordinances shall take effect and be in 
force from and after the time therein respectively 
limited, without the sanction or confirmation of 
any court, or other authority whatsoever. 

Assessment of Sect. 36. The city council shall also have 

stat i852 § c 13 3oi P ower > from time to time, to lay and assess taxes 
for all purposes for which towns are by law re- 
quired or authorized to assess and grant money, 

1822, as. and also for all purposes for which county taxes 

Ke'v. Stat. 14, 34. 

may be levied and assessed, so long as other towns 



CITY CHARTER. 39 

in the county shall not be liable to taxation for 
county purposes. But in the assessment and ap- 
portionment of all such taxes upon the polls and 
estates of all persons liable to contribute thereto, 
the same rules and regulations shall be observed 
as are now established by the laws of this com- 
monwealth, or may be hereafter enacted, relative 
to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. 

Sect. 37. The said city council shall also have collection of 

^ taxes. 

power to provide for the assessment and collection 1821 ' 110, § 15 " 
of such taxes, and to make appropriations of all 
public moneys, and provide for the disbursement 
thereof, and take suitable measures to ensure a 
just and prompt account thereof ; and for these Assessors to be 
purposes, may either elect such assessors, and as- 
sistant assessors, as may be needful, or provide for 
the appointment or election of the same, or any of 
them, by the mayor and aldermen, or by the citi- 
zens, as in their judgment may be most conducive 
to the public good, and may also require of all 
persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or 
disbursement of public moneys, such bonds with Bonds, &c, may 
such conditions and such sureties, as the case may 
in their judgment require. 

Sect. 38. The city council may provide for the city council may 

• , , -. .. r»n on provide for the 

appointment or election 01 all necessary omcers, appointment of 

^ ' city officers. 

for the good government of said city, not other- 1821, 110, § 16 - 

wise provided for, and may prescribe their duties, 

and fix their compensation, and may choose a reg- Eegister of 

deeds. 

ister of deeds, whenever the city shall be one 
county. 



40 CITY CHARTER. 

care and cub- Sect. 39. The city council shall have the care 

tody of city ^ 

i82iS§ie. and superintendence of the public buildings, and 
the care, custody, and management of all property 
of the city, with power to lease or sell the same, 
except the Common and Faneuil Hall. And the 

power to pur- said city council shall have power to purchase 

chase property. ^ - 1 - x 

property, real or personal, hi the name, and for 
the use of the city, whenever its interest or conve- 
nience may in their judgment require it. 
Board of health. Sect. 40. All the power and authority now by 

1R21, 110, § 17. x J J 

i2 4 Pick U iI+!' law vested in the city council or in the board of 
mayor and aldermen, relative to the public health 
and the quarantine of vessels, shall continue to be 
vested in the city council, to be carried into exe- 
cution by the appointment of one or more health 
commissioners ; or in such other manner as the 
health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such 
alterations as the legislature may from time to 
thne adopt. The powers and duties above named 
may be exercised and carried into effect by the 
city council, in any manner which they may pre- 
scribe, or through the agency of any persons to 
whom they may delegate the same, notwithstand- 
ing a personal exercise of the same, collectively 
or individually, is prescribed by previous legisla- 
tion ; and the city council may constitute either 
branch, or any committee of then number, wheth- 
er joint or separate, the board of health for all, or 
for particular purposes. 

surveyors of Sect. 41. The board of aldermen shall be sur- 

highways. 

1828, § 2. veyors of highways for said city. 



CITY CHARTER. 41 

Sect. 42. The city council shall, in the month city treasurer. 

J m 7 1821, 110, § 18. 

of May, meet together in convention and elect a 
suitable person to be the treasurer of said city, 
who shall also be county treasurer ; and who shall r. s. u, § 47. 
hold his office until his successor is chosen and 
qualified in his stead. 

Sect. 43. No person shall be eligible to any Members of 

x o •/ c j t y council 

office, the salary of which is payable out of the thef offices. 
city treasury, who, at the time of his appointment, vm', 116, § 22! 
shall be a member of either the board of alder- anU < § 42 - 
men or the common council; and neither the 
mayor, or any alderman, or member of the com- 
mon council, shall at the same time hold any office 
of emolument under the city government. 

Sect. 44. In the month of October, in each Representatives 

to general court. 

year, the city government shall meet in conven- \H\' t \™' § 22 - 
tion and determine the number of representatives 
which it may be expedient for the corporation to 
send to the general court in the ensuing year, 
within its constitutional limits, and to publish such 
determination, which shall be conclusive ; and 
the number thus determined shall be specified in 
the warrant calling a meeting for the election of 
representatives. 

Sect. 45. The mayor of the city, chosen and compensation of 

** ^ the mayor. 

qualified as hereinbefore provided, shall be taken 1821, no ' § 12- 
and deemed to be the chief executive officer of 
said corporation ; and he shall be compensated for 
his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board 
of aldermen and common council, in convention 
assembled, payable at stated periods ; which salary 
shall not exceed the sum of five thousand dollars 



42- CITY CHARTER. 

annually, and lie shall receive no other compen- 
sation or emolument whatever ; and no regulations 
enlarging or diminishing such compensation shall 
be made, to take effect until the expiration of the 
year for which the mayor then in office shall have 
been elected, and said salary when fixed shall con- 
tinue until changed by the city council as afore- 
said. 
^.powers and Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of the mayor to 
i82i, no, § i2, | je ■ v jgjj an ^ an( j ac tive at all times, in causing the 
laws for the government of said city to be duly ex- 
ecuted and put in force ; to inspect the conduct of 
all subordinate officers in the government thereof, 
and as far as may be in his power to cause all neg- 
ligence, carelessness, and positive violation of duty 
to be duly prosecuted and punished. He shall 
have power, whenever in his judgment, the good 
of said city may require it, to summon meetings 
of the board of aldermen and common council, or 
either of them, although the meeting of said boards 
may stand adjourned to a more distant day, and 
shall cause suitable notice in writhig of such meet- 
ings to be given to the respective members of said 
boards. And he shall, from time to time, com- 
municate to both branches of the city council all 
such information, and recommend all such meas- 
ures as may tend to the improvement of the 
finances, the police, health, security, cleanliness, 
comfort and ornament of the said city, 
veto power of Sect. 47. Every ordinance, order, resolution 

the mayor. 

or vote, to which the concurrence of the board of 
aldermen, and of the common council may be nee- 



CITY CHARTER. 43 

essary (except on a question of convention of the 
two branches) and every order of either branch, 
involving the expenditure of money, shall be pre- 
sented to the mayor ; if he approve thereof he 
shall signify his approbation by signing the same, 
but if not, he shall return the same with his ob- 
jections, to the branch hi which it originated, who 
shall enter the objections of the mayor at large on 
their records, and proceed to reconsider said ordi- 
nance, order, resolution, or vote, and if after such 
reconsideration, two-thirds of the board of alder- 
men, or common council, notwithstanding such ob- 
jections, agree to pass the same, it shall, together 
with the objections, be sent to the other branch of 
the city council, (if it originally required concur- 
rent action,) where it shall also be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of the members 
present it shall be in force ; but in all cases the 
vote shall be determined by yeas and nays, and if 
such ordmance, order, resolution, or vote shall not 
be returned by the mayor within ten days after it 
shall haye been presented, the same shall be in 
force. But the veto power of the mayor shall not 
extend to the election of officers required by any 
law or ordmance to be chosen by the city council 
in convention, or by concurrent action, unless ex- 
pressly so provided therein. 

Sect. 48. In all cases where any thing is or same subject. 
may be required or authorized by any law or ordi- 
nance to be done by the mayor and aldermen, the 
board of aldermen shall first act thereon, and any 
order, resolution or vote of said board shall be pre- 



44 CITY CHARTER. 

sentecl to the major for his approval, in the man- 
ner provided in the preceding section. 
Mayor to a P - Sect. 49. In all cases wherein appointments to 

point officers by - 1 x 

coi^sentof aider- ^ ce are c ]i rec ted to be made by the mayor and 

i85i! ch. '94 lea. aldermen, they shall be made by the mayor, by 

and with the advice and consent of the aldermen, 



moral ofre " anc ^ sllcn officers may be removed by the mayor. 
vacancy in the Sect. 50. In the case of the decease, hi ability, 

office of mayor. 

1821, 119, § 5. absence or resignation of the mayor, and whenev- 
er there is a vacancy in the office from any cause, 
and the same being declared, and a vote passed 
by the aldermen and common council respectively, 
declaring such cause and the expediency of elect- 
ing a mayor for the time being, to supply the va- 
cancy thus occasioned, the board of aldermen shall 
issue their warrants in due form for the election of 
a mayor, and the same proceedings shall be had 
as are hereinbefore provided for the choice of a 
mayor. 

Accountability Sect. 51. All boards, and officers, acting under 

of all boards and 

officers for pub- ^he authority of the said corporation, and entrusted 

he money. J X. 7 

with the expenditure of public money, shall be ac- 
countable therefor to the city council, in such 
manner as they may direct, and it shall be the du- 
ty of the city council to publish and distribute an- 
nually, for the hiformation of the citizens, a par- 
Annual financial ticular statement of the receipts and expenditures 

statement. . J- J- 

of all public moneys, and a particular statement 
of all city property. 
Election of over- Sect. 52. The qualified voters of each ward 

seers of the poor. •*- 

stat 1 .' lsKtii. shall, at the annual meeting, be called uponto give 
in their votes for one able and discreet person, be- 



CITY CHARTER. 45 

iiig an inhabitant of the ward, to be an overseer 
of the poor, and thereupon the same proceedings 
shall be had as are before directed in the election 
of members of the common council. And the per- 
sons thus chosen, shall together constitute the Th eir powers 

J ° and duties. 

board of overseers for said city, and shall continue ' 22 Pick " 122 ' 

to have all the powers, and be subject to all the 

duties, now by law appertaining to the overseers 

of the poor, of the city of Boston, until the same 

shall be altered or qualified by the legislature. 

Sect. 53. The school committee shall consist The school com- 
mittee. 

of the mayor of the city, the president of the j^; ch%09.' 
common council, and of the persons hereinafter 
mentioned. A majority of the persons duly elect- 
ed shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 
business; and at all meetings of the board, the 
mayor, if present, shall preside. 

Sect. 54. At the annual election next after the same subject, 
passage of this act, the qualified voters of each 
ward shall be called upon to give in their ballots 
for six mhabitants of the ward, to be members of 
the school committee ; and the two persons who 
receive the highest number of votes, or in case 
more than two receive an equal number of votes, 
the two persons who are senior by age shall hold 
their office for three years from the second Mon- 
day in January next ensuing, and the next two 
persons who receive the highest number of votes, 
or who are senior by age in the contingency afore- 
said, shall hold their office for two years from said 
date, and the two other persons shall hold their 
office for one year from said date ; and at every 



46 CTTT CHARTER. 

subsequent annual election, two persons shall be 
chosen in each ward, to be members of the school 
committee for the term of three years. 
organization of Sect. 55. The persons so chosen, as members 

school com- J- ' 

of the school committee, shall meet and organize 

on the second Monday of January, at such hour 

as the mayor may appoint. They may choose a 

secretary and secretary and such subordinate officers as they 

subordinate J u 

officers. may deem expedient, and shall define their duties, 

and fix then respective salaries. 
powers and du- g ECT> 5^ The said committee shall have the 

ties of school 

i82l m iio? e § 10. care and management of the public schools, and 
may elect all such instructors as they may deem 
proper, and remove the same whenever they con- 
sider it expedient. And generally they shall have 
all the powers, in relation to the care and manage- 
ment of the public schools, which the selectmen of 
towns or school committees are authorized by the 
laws of this commonwealth to exercise. 

Qualifications of Sect. 57. Every male citizen of twenty-one 

voters at mum- " * 

cipai elections, y earg f a g e anc "[ upwards, excepting paupers, and 
persons under guardianship, who shall have resided 
withm the commonwealth one year and within the 
city six months next preceding any meeting of 
citizens, either in wards, or in general meetmg, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid 
by himself or his parent, master, or guardian, any 
state or county tax, which, within two years next 
preceding such meeting, shall have been assessed 
upon him, in any town or district in this common- 
wealth, and also every citizen who shall be, by 
law, exempted from taxation, and who shall be in 



CITY CHARTER. 47 

all other respects qualified as above mentioned, 
shall have a right to vote at such meeting, and no 
other person shall be entitled to vote at such 
meetmg. 

Sect. 58. It shall be the duty of the board of Mayor and ai- 

' . . dermen to make 

aldermen, prior to every election 01 city omcers, "sts of voters 

'J- " " J prior to every 

or of any officer or officers under the government ^lfiid, § 24 
of the United States or of this commonwealth, to 
make out lists of all the citizens of each ward 
qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 
in which selectmen and assessors of towns are re- 
quired to make out similar lists of voters, and for 
that purpose they shall have free access to the as- 
sessor's books and lists, and shall be entitled to the 
aid and assistance of all assessors, assistant asses- 
sors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of the board of aldermen to deliver 
such list of the voters in each ward, so prepared 
and corrected, to the clerk of said ward, to be used 
by the warden and inspectors thereof at such elec- 
tion ; and no person shall be entitled to vote at 
such election, whose name is not borne on such 
list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in 
such elections, it shall be the duty of the inspector, Inspect0 . 
in each ward, to take care that no person shall vote vote whose 

name is no 1 

at such election, whose name is not so borne on on the list - 
the list of voters, and to cause a mark to be placed 
against the name of each voter on such list, at 
the time of givmg in his vote. And the city coun- 
cil shall have authority to establish such rules and 
regulations, as to making out, publishing, and 
usmg such lists of qualified voters, as they shall 



rs to al- 
low 110 one to 



48 



CITY CHARTER. 



Elections of na- 
tional and state 
officers. 
1821, 110, § 23. 
K. S. 5, § 11. 
" " 6, § 9. 18. 
" " 4, § 12. 
" " 5, § 11. 
" " 6, § 9, 18. 
Stat. 1852, 209. 



Examination 
and return of 
votes. 



Certificate. 



deem proper, not inconsistent with the constitution 
and laws of the commonwealth. 

Sect. 59. All elections for governor, lieutenant 
governor, senators, representatives, representatives 
to congress, and all other officers, who are to be 
chosen and voted for by the people, shall be held 
at meetings of the citizens qualified to vote in 
such elections, in their respective wards, at the 
time fixed by law for those elections respectively. 
And at such meetings, all the votes given hi, be- 
ing collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the 
inspectors of elections, in each ward, it shall be 
the duty of the clerk of such ward to make a 
true record of the same, specifying therein the 
whole number of ballots given in, the name of 
each person voted for, and the number of votes 
for each, expressed in words at length. And a 
transcript of such record, certified by the warden, 
clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of elections 
in such ward, shall forthwith be transmitted or 
delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk of the 
city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and in- 
telligible abstract of them, as they are successively 
received, in the journals of the proceedings, of the 
board of aldermen, or hi some other book kept 
for that purpose. And it shall be the duty of 
the board of aldermen to meet together within 
two days after every such election, and examine 
and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to 
make out a certificate of the result of such election, 
to be signed by a majority of the aldermen, and 



CITY CHARTER. 49 

also by the city clerk, which shall be transmitted, 
delivered or returned in the same manner as simi- 
lar returns are by law directed to be made by the 
selectmen of towns ; and such certificates and re- 
turns shall have the same force and effect in all 
respects, as like returns of similar elections made 
by the selectmen of towns. At the election of vot JTtor g « v^-n- 

-.. . . 1 , • , or, &c, to be 

governor, lieutenant governor, and senators, it transmitted to 

the secretary or 

shall be the duty of the board of aldermen to make *£ l^f 8 ;. 
and seal up separate lists of persons voted for as 
governor, lieutenant governor, and senators of the 
commonwealth, with the number of votes for each 
person, written hi words at length agahist his 
name, and to transmit said lists to the secretary of 
the commonwealth or to the sheriff of the county. 
The board of aldermen shall within three days Votes for elec - 

•> tors of president 

next after the day of any election of electors of when™ be nd 
president and vice president of the United States, the secretary. 

r r j 1844j 167j g L 

held by virtue of the laws of this commonwealth, 
or of the United States, deliver, or cause to be 
delivered the list of votes therefor, sealed up, to 
the sheriff of the comity, and the said sheriff shall 
within four days after receiving said lists, transmit 
the same to the office of the secretary of the com- 
monwealth, or the said aldermen may, and when 
the office of sheriff is vacant, they shall themselves 
transmit the said lists to the said officer within 
seven days after the election, and all votes not so 
transmitted shall be rejected. In all elections for proceedings in 

. case representa- 

epresentatives to the general court, m case the M j es are not 

1 os chosen. 

whole number proposed to be elected shall not be 
chosen according to law by the votes legally re- 



50 CITY CHARTER. 

turned, the board of aldermen shall forthwith issue 
their warrant for a new election, agreeably to the 
constitution and laws of this commonwealth, and 
the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
«™e Ce of do s elec- as are hereinbefore directed ; and in case of no 

tion of represen- , . , . -, „ . „. 

tatives to con- choice being made ot representatives to Congress, 

gress. ox o 

k. s. ch. e, § m e ither district, of which the city of Boston com- 
poses a part, or in case of any vacancy happening 
in said districts, or either of them, the governor 
shall cause precepts for new elections, to be directed 
to the board of aldermen of said city, as often as 
occasion shall require ; and such new elections 
shall be held, and all proceedings thereon had, 
and returns made in conformity with the foregoing 
provisions. 

General meet- Sect. 60. General meetings of the citizens, 

ings of the citi- o i 

1821,'no, § 25. qualified to vote in city affairs, may from time 
to time be held to consult upon the common good, 
to give instructions to their representatives, and 
to take all lawful measures to obtain a redress of 
any grievances, according to the right secured to 
the people by the constitution of this common- 
wealth. And such meetings shall and may be 
duly warned by the board of aldermen, upon the 
requisition of fifty qualified voters of said city. 
The mayor, if present, shall preside, and the city 
clerk shall act as the clerk of such meetmgs. 

warrants for Sect. 61. All warrants for the meetings of the 

meetings to be ° 

wd of aider- citizens, for inimfcipa'I purposes to be had either 

1821,' no. § 20. in general meetmgs or in wards, shall be issued 

by the board of aldermen, and in such form, and 

shall be served, executed, and returned at such 



CITY CHARTER. 51 

time, and in such manner as the city council may 
by any by-law or ordinance direct and appoint. 

Sect. 62. Nothing* in this act contained shall Power of legist 

< ~> tnre to alter the 

be so construed as to restrain or prevent the legis- "no, § 30. 
lature from amending or altering the same, when- 
ever they shall deem it expedient. 

Sect. 63. All acts and parts of acts inconsis- Repeal or first 

■"• charter. 

tent with this act, are hereby repealed. Provided Proviso. 
however, that the repeal of the said acts shall not 
affect any act done, or any right accruing or ac- 
crued, or established, or any suit or proceeding 
had or commenced in any civil case, before the 
time when such repeal shall take effect. And that 
no offence committed, and no penalty or forfeiture 
incurred under the acts hereby repealed, and be- 
fore the time when such repeal shall take effect, 
shall be affected by the repeal. And that no suit 
or prosecution pending at the time of the said 
repeal, for any offence committed, or for the re- 
covery of any penalty or forfeiture incurred under 
the acts hereby repealed, shall be affected by such 
repeal ; and provided also, that all persons, who, 
at the time when the said repeal shall take effect, 
shall hold any office under the said acts shall con- 
tinue to hold the same according to the tenure 
thereof. And provided also, that all the by-laws 
and ordinances of the city of Boston, which shall 
be in force at the time when the said repeal shall 
take effect, shall continue in force until the same 
are repealed by the city council. And all officers 
elected under such by-laws and ordinances, shall 
continue in office according to the tenure thereof. 



52 



CITY CHARTER. 



Tippeal not to re 
vivo other .acts. 



citizens. 



Sect. 64. No act which has been heretofore 
repealed shall be revived by the repeal of the acts 
mentioned hi the preceding section. 
Act to be sub- Sect. 65. This act shall be void unless the in- 

mitted to the 

habitants of the city of Boston, at a legal meeting 
called for that purpose, by a written vote, deter- 
mine to adopt the same ; and the qualified voters 
of the city shall be called upon to give in their 
votes upon the acceptance of this act, at meetings 
in the various wards duly warned by the mayor 
and aldermen, to be held on or before the second 
Monday of November; and thereupon the same 
proceedings shall be had respecting the sorting, 
counting, declaring, recording and returns of said 
votes as is herein provided at the election of 
mayor; and the board of mayor and aldermen 
shall within three days, meet together and compare 
the returns of the ward officers, and if it appear 
that the citizens have voted to adopt this act, the 
mayor shall make proclamation of the fact, and, 
thereupon, the act shall take effect for the purpose 
of electing municipal officers at the next annual 
election, and for all other purposes it shall take 
effect on and after the first Monday of January 
next. 



CITY CHARTER. 53 

SEAL OF THE CITY. 

An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 

Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Com- ^™ n {L t0 city 
mon Council of the City of Boston, in City Council Jan.' 2,1823? 
assembled, That the design hereto annexed, as 
sketched by John R. Penniman, giving a view of 
the city, be the device of the city seal ; that the 
motto be as follows, to wit : " Sicnt patribus, sit 
Deus nobis ; and that the inscription be as follows, 
to wit: "Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
reghnine donata, A. D. 1822." 




CITY OF BOSTON 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance entitled 
" An Ordinance concerning the Public Lands. Passed 
July 22, 1850." 

Be it ordained hy the Board of Aldermen and Common 
Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, 
as follows : 

Section 1. In the month of January, in each year, 
there shall be appointed a joint Committee of the City 
Council, to be called the Committee on Public Lands, 
to consist of three aldermen and five members of the 
Common Council. 

Sect. 2. An ordinance " entitled an Ordinance in 
addition to an Ordinance on Public Lands," passed Jan- 
uary 12, 1855, and all parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect on and 
after its passage. \_Passed January 14, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in relation to City Officers. 

Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as 
follows : 

Section 1. All City Officers required by the City 
Ordinances to be elected or appointed by the concur- 



56 ORDINANCES. 

rent vote of the City Council, or to be appointed by 
the Mayor, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Board of Aldermen, excepting those officers, the time 
of whose election or appointment is otherwise pre- 
scribed by the Statutes of the Commonwealth, also, 
excepting the Treasurer, Auditor and Assessors, shall 
be elected or appointed, as the case may be, on the 
first Monday of January, in each year, or within sixty 
days thereafter. 

Sect. 2. Every City Officer elected or appointed 
under the provisions of the foregoing section, shall 
hold his office, if not sooner removed, for one year 
from the first Monday of January, in the year in 
which he shall be elected or appointed, and until a 
successor be elected or appointed, but he may, at any 
time, be removed by the authority under which he 
may have been elected or appointed, and any vacancy 
occasioned by the removal, resignation or death of 
such City Officer, may be filled at any time. 

Sect. 3. Nothing in this Ordinance shall require the 
election or appointment of any City Officer, during 
the present municipal year, to be made prior to the 
respective times heretofore prescribed for such election 
or appointment ; but every City Officer, with the ex- 
ceptions mentioned in the first section of this Ordi- 
nance, who may be elected or appointed during the 
present municipal year, shall hold his office, if not 
sooner removed, until the first Monday of January, in 
the year eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and until 
another is elected or appointed in his place. 

Sect. 4. So much of any Ordinance as may be in- 
consistent herewith, is hereby repealed. 
[Passed March 4, 1856.] 



ORDINANCES. 57 



An Ordinance in relation to Water. 

Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as fol- 
lows : 

Section 1, The Ordinance entitled "An Ordinance 
providing for the care and management of the Boston 
Water Works," passed October 31, 1850, shall be 
amended as follows : By striking out the words " in 
the month of March or April," in the first and second 
lines of the first section of said ordinance, and inserting 
in place thereof, the words " on the first Monday of 
January, or within sixty days thereafter." 

Sect. 2. This Ordinance shall take effect on the 
first Monday of January next. 

[Passed March 4, 1856.] 



GOVEBNMENT 

OF THE 

CITY OF BOSTON 

185 6. 



MAYOR. 

ALEXANDEK HAMILTON EICE, .... 18 Union Park. 

[Salary, $3,000. Charter, § 15.] 



ALDERMEN. * 

PELHAM BONNEY, Chairman. 

JOHN THOMAS DINGLEY, ... 33 Fayette street. 

EBEN JACKSON, 63 Broadway. 

PELHAM BONNEY, 22 Lynde street. 

TIMOTHY CONVERSE KENDALL, . 6 Pliipps place. 

WILLIAM HOWARD CALROW, . . 127 Webster street. 

FARNHAM PLUMMER, 18 Franklin place. 

JAMES CHEEVER 27 Somerset street. 

OSMYN BREWSTER, 30 Hancock street. 

LEVI BENJAMIN MERIAM, ... 125 Harrison avenue. 

OTIS RICH, 27 Rowe street. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON TORREY, 21 Green street. 

ROBERT CODMAN, 1083 Washington st. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

OLIVER STEVENS, President. 

Ward 1. 

Oliver Frost, ... 25 Sheafe street. 

William Parkman, . . 18 Sheafe street. 

William A. Krueger, . 48 Charter street. 

Henry L. Dalton, . . 21 Sheafe street. 



60 



Amos A. Dunnels, . 
Edward F. Porter, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
William S. Albertson, 



James M. Stevens, 
Lucius A. Bigelow, 
James W. Eussell, 
John Peak, 



Eobert I. Burbank, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 
Jacob A. Dresser, 
Oliver Stevens, . 



Joseph A. Pond, 
Beuben Eeed, . 
Barnet F. Warner, 
Daniel J. Coburn, 



Ebenezer Johnson, 
Ezra Farnsworth, 
John G. Webster, 
Davis B. Eoberts, 



Samuel Hatch, . 
Hales W. Suter, 
Eufus B. Bradford, 
Daniel Cragin, . 



Frederic L. Washburn, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
David F. McGilvray. . 



Jonas H. French, 
Thacher Beal, . 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
L. Miles Standish. 



Ward 2. 

Paris, corner Henry street. 
16 Paris street. 
122 Lexington street. 
7 Liverpool street. 

Ward 3. 

10 Pitts street. 
19 Crescent place. 

14 Billerica street. 

7 Leverett street. 

Ward 4. 

Quincy House. 
1 Mt. Vernon street. 

21 Somerset street. 
31 Somerset street. 

Ward 5. 

22 Allen street. 
39 Lynde street. 

8 Blossom street. 
22 Leverett street. 

Ward 6. 

59 Chestnut street. 
10 Hancock street. 

15 West Cedar street. 

15 Pinckney street. 

Ward 7. 

16 Lincoln street. 
5 Avon place. 

16 Columbia street. 
109 Pearl street. 

Ward 8. 

Winthrop House. 
U. S. Hotel. 
Winthrop House. 

17 Harrison avenue. 

Ward 9. 

49 Pleasant street. 
348 Tremont street. 
3 Fuller street. 
67 Carver street. 



61 



Joel Eichards, . 
John E. Mullin, 
Eobert Slade, . 
Nathaniel C. Nash, 



Francis J. Parker, 
William F. Eichardson, 
Frederic F. Thayer, . 
Julian O. Mason, 



Ezra Harlow, . 
Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr. 
Lewis C. Whiton, 
Sumner Crosby, 



Ward 10. 

33 Hollis street. 
139 Harrison avenue. 
12 Florence street. 
4 Burroughs place. 

Ward 11. 

218 Shawmut avenue. 

1151 Washington street. 

51 Shawmut avenue. 

88 Shawmut avenue. 

Ward 12. 

Eighth, near K street. 
63 B street. 

F, near Fourth street. 
Corner E and Broadway. 



City Clerk. 

SAMUEL F. McCLEAEY, 81 Pinckney street. 

Salary #2000, and for Assistant Clerks $2500. [Chosen by 
City Council, in Convention, in January. Charter, § 30.] 

Clerk of Common Council. 

WASHINGTON P. GEEGG, 18 Leverett street. 

Salary $1200. [Chosen by Common Council in January. 
Charter, § 34.] 

Messenger. 

OLIVEE H. SPUEE, 3 Bumstead place. 

Salary $1100. [Chosen by City Council in May.] 

Assistant Messenger. 

J. E. HUNT, 397 Hanover street. 

Salary $300. [Appointed by Messenger.] 



62 



COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON REDUCTION OF CUT DEBT. 
[Ord. p. 121.] 
The Mayor, President of the Common Council, and the Chairman 
of the Committee on Finance on the part of the Common 
Council. 



ACCOUNTS. 
[Ord. p. 119.] 



Aldermen. 
Levi B. Meriam, 
Farnham Plummer, 
James Cheever. 



Common Council. 
Ezra Farnsworth, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Daniel J. Coburn, 
Jacob A. Dresser. 



ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 



[Ord. p. 400.] 



Aldermen. 
Osmyn Brewster, 
Otis Bich. 



Aldermen. 
James Cheever, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Levi B. Meriam. 



Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
Eobert Slade, 
Hales W. Suter. 



CLAIMS. 



[Mtra. Reg. p. 10.] 

Common Council. 
Jonas H. French, 
Nathaniel C. Nash, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
Daniel Cragin, 
Ebenezer Johnson. 



FINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 121.] 



The Mayor, ex officio. 
The Chairman of Board of 
Aldermen, ex officio. 



Common Council. 
Oliver Frost, 
William Parkman, 
Nathaniel 0. Nash, 
David F. McGilvray, 
Joel Richards, 
Edward F. Porter, 
Hales W. Suter. 



63 



FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 42.] 



Aldermen. 
"William H. Calrow, 
Otis Rich. 



Aldermen. 
Eben Jackson. 
William H. Calrow. 



Common Council. 
Jeromo W. Tyler, 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
James W. Russell. 



EIRE ALARMS. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 10.] 



Common Council. 
Hales W. Suter, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
John R. Mullin. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 



Aldermen. 
Timothy C. Kendall, 
Pelham Bonney, 
Eben Jackson. 



Aldermen. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George W. Torrey. 



Aldermen.. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Pelham Bonney, 
Robert Codman. 



Aldermen. 
George W. Torrey, 
John T. Dingley, 
James Cheever. 



[Mun Reg. p. 9.] 



Common Council. 
Thacher Beal, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 
William F. Richardson, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
F. M. Josselyn, Jr. 



HARBOR. 
[Ord. p. 174.] 



Common Council. 
Oliver Frost, 
Edward F. Porter, 
Lewis C. Whiton. 



ORDINANCES. 
[Ord. p. 278.] 



Common Council. 
Frederic L. Washburn, 
Oliver Frost, 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Daniel J. Coburn, 
L. Miles Standish. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 306.] 



Common Council. 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
Joseph Buckley, 
B. G. Prescott, 
Ezra Harlow, 
Julian O. Mason. 



64 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 



[Mun. Reg. p. 9.] 



Aldermen. 
Robert Coclman, 
Levi B. Meriam, 
Osmyn Brewster. 



Aldermen. 
Farnham Plummer, 
James Cheever, 
Robert Codman. 



Alderman. 
Osmyn Brewster. 



Aldermen. 
Otis Rich, 

Timothy C. Kendall, 
John T. Dingley, 



Common Council. 
President Common Council, 

ex officio. 
Ezra Farnsworth, 
Rufus B. Bradford, 
Frederic F. Thayer, 
Joel Richards. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 
[Ord. p. 309.] 



Common Council. 
Francis J. Parker, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Frederic L. Washburn, 
Edward F. Porter, 
John G. Webster. 

PRINTING. 
[Ord. p. 304.] 

Common Council. 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
William A. Krueger. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 
[Ord. p. 256.] 

Common Council. 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Jonas H. French, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Joel Richards, 
Jacob A. Dresser. 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Levi B. Meriam, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 



Aldermen. 
John T. Dingley, 
George W. Torrey, 
William H. Calrow. 



[Ord. p. 124.] 



WATER. 
[Ord. p. 411.] 



Common Council. 
Joseph A. Pond, 
Davis B. Roberts, 
Lucius A. Biffelow. 



Common Council. 
Samuel Hatch, 
Thacher Beal, 
David F. McGilvray, 
James M. Stevens, 
Henry L. Dalton. 



65 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF COMMON COUNCIL. 



John E. Mullin, 
Keuben Seed, 
Sumner Crosby, 



Oliver Frost, 
Joel Kichards, 
Barnet F. Warner, 



ON ELECTIONS. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 21.] 



James W. Russell, 
William S. Albertson. 



ON STREETS. 



Jobn E. Mullin, 
Frederic F. Thayer. 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOAED OF 
ALDEEMEN. 



ARMORIES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS. 

Aldermen Brewster, Calrow and Kendall. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen Jackson, Eich and Torrey. 

CEMETERIES. 

Aldermen Calrow, Cheever and Plummer. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

Aldermen Plummer, Eich and Brewster. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 
Aldermen Meriam, Bonney and Dingley. 

FANEUIL HALL. 

Aldermen Torrey, Dingley and Cheever. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Cheever, Meriam and Dingley. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Codman, Calrow and Plummer. 

INTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Bonney, Codman and Torrey. 



66 



LAMPS, BELLS AND CLOCKS. 

Aldermen Eicli, Jackson and Kendall. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Kendall, Codman and Meriam. 

JAIL. 
Aldermen Plummcr, Bonney and Kendall. 

MARKET. 

Aldermen Bonney, Torrey and Dingley. 

PAVING. 
Aldermen Eicli, Calrow and Jackson. 

SEWERS. 

Aldermen Dingley, Meriam and Brewster. 

STEAM ENGINES, &C. 

Aldermen Clieever, Brewster and Jackson. 

STREETS, LAYING OUT, &C. 

Aldermen Dingley, Bonney and Meriam. 



67 



ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 



Principal Assessors. — George Jackson, Henry Sargent, George E. Head, 
John D. Richardson. Salary $1,400 each ; and $3,200 for Assistant 
Clerk. Per diem Assessors, John G. Davis, Wm, H. Lane, Benjamin 
Eessenden, with an allowance of $4 for each day's service. [Char- 
ter, § 24.] 



Assistant Assessors for 1855, residing in different Wards. 



1 — Amos W. Cross, 

Moses Miller. 
2_Edwin A. Hill, 

Geo. P. Dudley. 
3 — Samuel A. Bradbury, 

James Quinn. 
4 — Benj. L. Allen, 

Lucius B. Marsh. 
5 — John Cowdin, 

Robert Bunten. 
6 — Daniel Davies, 

Emerson Cooledge. 



7 — Joseph W. Merriam, 

Julian 0. Mason. 
8 — Otis Rich, 

Robert B. Lincoln. 
9 — David Loring, 
George Patten. 
10 — James Standish, 
John R. Mullin. 
11 — Stephen Smith, 

Ebenezer Morton. 
12— William P. Houston, 
Lewis Tucker. 



Henry Sargent, Secretary. 



[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council, in March, Statutes 1821. 110, § 15. City 
Ordinances, p. 399. The Assistant Assessors receive $3 for each 
day's service.] 



BRIDGES. 

Samuel Jenkins, Superintendent of the North Free Bridge. Salary 
$900, and rent of Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by concurrent vote, 
in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Abner J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the South Free Bridge. Salary 
$400, and rent of House and Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by con- 
current vote in January or February. City Ordinances, p. 54.] 

Edward T. Stowers, Superintendent of the East Boston and Chelsea 
Free Bridge. Salary $200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in Jan- 
uary or February.] 



68 



FIKE DEPABTMENT. 

Chief Engineer. 

Elisha Smith, Jr., 15 Indiana Place. Salary $1200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $250 each. 



Dist. 1. Nathaniel W. Pratt, 
" 2. Eichard S. Martin, 
" 3. Erederic A. Colburn, 
" 4. David Chamberlain, 
" 5. George W. Bird, 
" 6. George F. Hibbard, 
" 7. Joseph Dunbar, 

At large, David C. Meloon, 
Charles S. Clark, 



12 Cotting Street. 
138 Charles Street. 
6 South Street. 
41 Albany Street. 
Hawthorn Place, 
South Boston Hotel, 
4 Bennington Street. 
58 Lincoln Street. 
32 Snowhill Street. 



Secretary. Salary 



[Chosen in January or February, by concurrent vote, 
pp. 126, 132.] 



Ordinances, 



Foremen of Engines. 



Mazeppa Co. No. 1. 
William H. Cunningham, 

Perkins Co. No. 2. 
Daniel Weston, Jr. 

Eagle Co. No. 3. 
Edward W. Milliken, 

Cataract Co. No. 4. 
John S. Damrell, 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5. 
William A. Bumerey, 

Melville Co. No. 6. 
Benjamin H. Bailey, 

Howard Co. No. 7. 
Charles C. Henry, 

Boston Co. No. 8. 
Charles P. Shattuck, 

Maverick Co. No. 9. 
John P. Somerby, 

Old North Co. No. 10. 
Joseph Baker, 



Broadway, South Boston. 
Gold, near E. Street. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
131 Fourth Street, South Boston. 

Washington Street. 
46 Oak Street. 

Foot of Mount Vernon Street. 
3 Champney place. 

East Street. 
56 South Street. 

Leverett Street. 
11 Butolph Street. 

Purchase Street. 
201 Washington Street. 

Commercial Street. 
10 Margaret Street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Webster Street, East Boston. 

Meridian street, East Boston. 
Sumner Street, East Boston. 



69 



Bar ni coat Co. No. 11. 
William H. Colburn, 

Tremont Co. No. 12. 
Oliver B. Bobbins, 

Webster Co. No. 13. 
George K. Putnam, 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. 
Jeremiah S. Stevens, 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 2. 
Charles Simmons, 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 3. 
Orlando F. Marshall, 

Hydrant Co. No. 1. 
Charles E. Dun ton, 

Hydrant Co. No. 2. 
Moses C. Thompson, 

Hydrant Co. No. 3. 
John S. Eyan, 

Hydrant Co. No. 5. 
William Lovell, 

Hydrant Co. No. 6. 
Joseph Barnes, 



Court Square. 
6 Federal Court. 

Tremont street. 
40 Pleasant Street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
102 Sumner Street. 

Friend street. 

30 Chardon Street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Orleans Street. 

Harrison Avenue. 
24 Bochester Street. 

Salem street. 
24 Cooper Street. 

Hudson street. 

31 Tyler Street. 

Friend street. 
70 High street. 

Shawmut Avenue. 
80 West Dedham Street. 

Paris street, East Boston. 
Liverpool street, East Boston. 



There are attached to the department, 16 Foremen of Engine, Hook 
and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at $150 each; 16 Assistant 
Foremen, at $125 each; 16 Clerks, at $125 each; 16 Stewards, at 
$125 each; 458 Members, at $100 each; 5 Foremen, at $75 each; 
5 Assistant Foremen, at $60 each; 5 Clerks, at $60 each; 5 Stew- 
ards, at $60 each ; 140 members, at $50 each. There are three Engine 
Companies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant Company, 
at East Boston, which are not required to attend Fires in the City 
proper, except by special order of the Chief Engineer — their compensa- 
tion is as follows : — Foremen, $75 each per annum ; Assistant Foremen, 
$60 each ; Clerks, $60 each, Stewards, $60 each ; Members, $50 each. 
[Ordinances, pp. 126, 132.] 



FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 

Central Office, No. 8 City Building, Court Square. 

Superintendent, Joseph B. Stearns. Salary $1,000 per annum. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote in April or May.] 

Operators. John F. Kennard, Edward Clay, Adam McAfee, George S. 
Thorn. Salary $2.00 per day.] 



70 



A constant watch is kept at the Central Office night and day. Each 
operator is on duty four hours. Two persons are required to be about 
the office at all times for safety, in case of accident to any of the 
machinery, or sudden illness of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch unless expressly 
relieved by some one else. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for any omis- 
sions or mistakes that may occur at the Central Office during his hour 
of duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each alarm, and 
of the District and Station from whence it originates. 

Alarms are transmitted to the Central Office from the Signal 
stations or Boxes by turning the crank in the Box. The Police, 
Watch, and a person resident near each Box, have each a key to the 
Boxes. 

Alarms are usually given in less than a minute from the time the 
crank is turned in any Box, which is done in accordance with the 
following directions : — 



DIRECTIONS TO THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KEYS. 

1. If a fire is discovered in your vicinity, go to the nearest box in 
the District. 

2. Turn the crank tiventy-five times, rather slowly at first, then 
quite fast at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as to direct the 
Eiremen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn again. If 
still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The Watch, upon hearing the bells, will spring their rattles 
and call the number of the District. 

The alarm will be given from the Central Station by striking the 
number of the District on the bells, and tapping the number of the 
Station in the boxes. 

CAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in case of 
fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless called for by 
the City Authorities. 



There are 47 Signal Stations distributed and located in accordance 
with the following plan: — 



71 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 
District No. 1. 

East and North of Levcrctt, Green, Court and State Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Fanouil Hall. 

" 2. — Corner Marshall and ITanover Streets. 

" 3. — Richmond, East of Hanover Street. 

" 4. — Eastern Railroad Wharf. 

" 5. — Constitution Wharf. 

" 6. — Phipps Place, corner of Charter Street. 

" 7.— Cooper Street Church. 

" 8. — Boston and Maine Railroad Freight Depot. 

" 9. — Causeway, corner of Lowell Street. 

" 10. — Lcverett, corner of Vernon Street. 

" 11. — Sudbury Street, Williams' Stable. 

" 12. — Hull, corner of Snowhill Street. 

" 13.— Engine House No. G, Wall Street. 




72 



District No. 2. 
West of Leverett, Green, Court, Fremont, and Boyhton Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Church in North Russell Street. 

" 2. — West Cedar, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 3. — Engine House No. 4, foot of Mount Vernon Street. 

" 4. — West Centre, corner of Pinckney Street. 

" 5. — Reservoir, Hancock Street. 

" 6. — Bowdoin, corner of Cambridge Street. 

" 7. — Albion, Tremont Street. 

" 8. — Poplar, corner of Spring Street. 

District No. 3. 

Between the Water, Beach, Washington, Boylston, Tremont, 
Court and State Streets. 

Station No. 1.— Old South Church. 

" 2. — Central, corner of Broad street. 
" 3. — Belmont, corner of High street. 
" 4. — No. 21 Purchase street. 
" 5. — Lincoln, corner of Summer street. 
" 6. — Dr. Cabot's, Winter street. 

7.— Central Office, City Building. 
" 8. — Engine House No. 7, Purchase street. 

District No. 4. 

Between Dover, the Water, Beach, Washington and 
Boylston Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Old Colony Railroad Depot. 

" 2. — Hydrant No. 2, House, Hudson street. 

" 3. — Seneca street, near Harrison Avenue. 

" 4. — Indiana Place Church. 

" 5. — Engine House No. 12, Warren street. 

" 6. — Providence Railroad Depot. 

" 7. — Boylston Market. 

District No. 5. 

South of Dover Street. 

Station No. 1. — Engine House No. 3. 

" 2. — Church on Shawmut Avenne, cor. Waltham st. 
" 3.— Hydrant No. 5. 

" 4. — Shawmut Avenue, corner of Northampton st. 
" 5. — Harrison Avenue, corner of Brookline street. 

District No. 6. 

Comprises South Boston. 

Station No. 1. — Broadway, corner of Dorchester Avenue. 
" 2. — Engine House No. 2. 
" 3. — Lyceum Hall. 
" 4. — Broadway near Dorchester street. 
" 5. — House of Industry. 
" 6. — Washington Village. 

District No. 7. 
Comprises Bast Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Near Toll House, on Boston side. 



73 



HARBOR 



George Y. Tewksbury, Harbor Master. Salary $1200, and $830 for 
two Boatmen, and $150 for rent of Boat House. Chosen by con- 
current vote annually, " if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 172.] 



REGULATIONS. 



Section 1. All vessels in the upper harbor are to anchor according to the 
directions of the Harbor master. 

Section 2. All vessels in the upper harbor, not intended to be hauled into 
some wharf immediately, must anchor below the range of India Wharf, and the 
easterly point of East Boston, either on the north or south side of the channel, 
designated by the following marks, viz. : on the south by the tall steeple in Han- 
over street, in range with the Granite block on Long Wharf, and on the North 
by Long Island Light, in range with the half moon battery on Governor's Island. 

Section 3. The master, commander, or owners of vessels, shall, as soon as 
practicable, after having hauled to the end of any wharf that extends to the 
channel in said harbor, cause her lower yards to be cock-billed, and her top-sail 
yard to be braced fore and aft, and her jib-boom to be rigged in, and the yards 
and jib-boom shall be kept so arranged, while such vessel lies at the end of the 
wharf, as aforesaid, and until she is preparing immediately to leave her berth. 

Section 4. All vessels found lying in the stream, not anchored according to 
the regulations, and not having a sufficient crew to move them, will be moved 
by the Harbor-msister at the vessel's expense. 

Section 5. No person shall throw or deposit in said harbor, or any part 
thereof, any stones, gravel, ballast, cinders, ashes, dirt, mud, or other sub- 
stances, which may, in any respect, tend to injure the navigation thereof. 

Section 6. No warp or line shall be passed across the mouth of any slip, for 
the purpose of hauling any vessel by the said slip before the vessel shall be 
within one hundred feet of said slip, if the owners or occupants thereof object, 
unless the Harbor master may think it necessary. 

Section 7. All vessels at anchor in the harbor of Boston, shall keep an 
anchor watch at all times, and shall keep a clear and distinct light suspended 
at least six feet above the deck, during the night ; and whenever the provisions 
of this section shall be violated on board any vessel, the master or owners shall 
be liable to a penalty of not more than twenty dollars, to be recovered in the 
manner provided in the Act to which this is in addition, and shall be held 
liable to pay all damages that may be occasioned by such violence. 

Under no circumstances whatever are vessels permitted to anchor in the 
track of the ferry boats, or in Fore Point Channel. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish Regulations concerning the Harbor of Boston. 

Section 1. The Harbor-Master shall have authority to regulate the anchor- 
age of all vessels in the upper harbor of Boston, and when necessary, to order 
the removal of such vessels, and to cause the same to be removed in obedience 
to such order, at the expense of the master or owners thereof; and if any 
person shall obstruct said Harbor master in the performance of any of his 
duties, as prescribed by this Act, or by the Act to which this is in addition or 
shall neglect or refuse to obey any lawful order made by said Harbor master 
he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars for each offence. 
10 



74 



HEALTH. 

EXTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, Resident at Deer Island. Salary 
$200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May. City 
Ordinances, p. 211.] 

George Loring, Captain of the Steamer Henry Morrison, which runs 
daily from the City to Deer Island, pay $250 per month for the boat 
and crew. 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, and the 
men are paid by the City. She is used as a boarding boat, and 
visits all vessels coming from foreign ports to inspect their crews, 
passengers, and cargoes. 

INTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

Ezra Eorristall, Superintendent of Health. Salary $1400. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote in January or February.] 

Daniel B. Curtis, Assistant Supt. Salary $720. [Appointed by 
Superintendent, and confirmed by the Board of Aldermen.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1000. Chosen by con- 
current vote in May. Office, City Building, Court square. [City 
Ordinances, p. 209.] 

John C. Warren, George Hayward, James Ayer, Jacob Bigelow, D. 
McBean Thaxter, Jr., Consulting Physicians. Chosen by concur- 
rent vote in May or June. [City Ordinances, p. 202.] 

Nicholas A. Apollonio, City Registrar. Salary $1200. Chosen in 
February or March, by concurrent vote of the City Council. [City 
Ordinances, p. 327.] 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial Grounds 
and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, and Marriages, and 
grants Certificates of all Intentions of Marriage. 



David W. Foster, Clerk. Salary 

George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 

UNDERTAKERS. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen in January. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 212.] 

Caleb I. Pratt, 179 Federal street. 
Oren Faxon, 700 Washington street 
Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 



75 



Eichard Dillon, 2 Avery place. 

John Peak, 7 Leverett street. 

Constant T. Benson, 82 Prince street. 

Haruru Merrill, 5 West Brookline street. 

John White, 51 Meridian street, East Boston. 

Levi Whitcoiab, in the rear of Lowell Institute. 

William Cooley, 42 Cambridge street. 

Charles Cook, 125 Hudson street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 

David Marden, 3 Bevere place. 

John W. Pierce, 12 Purchase street. 

Nahura P. Whitney, 128 Brighton street. 

James Lynde, 23 Snowhill street. 

Philip E. Field, 63 B street, South Boston. 

John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 214 Broadway. 

Levi L. Whitcomb, 3 Saratoga street. 

Luther L. Tarbell, 14 N. Bussell street. 

David Gugenheimer, 102 Warren street. 

Job T. Cole, 132 Fourth street. 

Jacob C. Phelps, Province House court. 

George Johnson, Jr., 1 Pitts place. 

•Thomas Pearce, 145 Fourth street. 

John Sproul, 37 Mercer street. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Institutions, and 
the Master of the House of Correction are chosen by concurrent vote 
of the City Council. The other officers are appointed by the Di- 
rectors of the different Houses. 

HOUSE OE INDUSTRY, AT DEER ISLAND. 

Office, City Hall 

Directors. — Win. Dall, Chairman, John Flint, John Cowdin, Henry 
M. Holbrook, Josiah Dunham, Jr., John M. Clark, Albion K. P. Joy, 
Samuel W. Bopes, Eben Tarbell, Mark Googins, George D. Bicker, 
and Timothy C. Kendall. [Chosen in May. Ordinances, p. 236.] 
Clerk of the Directors, William Willett. Salary $1200. 

The Board meet the first Thursday at Deer Island ; the third Thurs- 
day at the House of Reformation ; all other Thursdays at their office, 
City Hall. 

John M. Moriarty, Superintendent and Physician. Salary paid by 
External Health Department. [See page 74.] 

There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston and Mason 
Funds to the Chaplain, $500 ; Teacher of Boys, $500 ; Assistant 
Teacher, $300. 



76 



HOUSE OF REFORMATION AT SOUTH BOSTON. 

This Institution was established for the Education and Keformation 
of juvenile offenders, and is under the care of the Directors of the 
House of Industry. 

In the House of Eeformation Department, there is paid to the Male 
Teacher, $700, and to two Assistants $300 each ; and to the Matron, 
$200. [Appointed by the Directors.] 

HOUSE OE CORRECTION. 

Office, City Building. 

Overseers. — Thacher Beal, Chairman ; Charles S. Burgess, Edward" 
H. Brainard, Levi Boles, Eobert Cowdin, Lorenzo S. Cragin, Joseph 
L. Drew, Samuel W. Hall, George W. Messinger, Charles T. Wood- 
man, John A. Cummings, Francis B. Winter. Chosen from time 
to time, generally in the month of May. [Ordinances, p. 219.] 

The Board meet at City Building on Friday afternoons. 

Master. — Charles Bobbins. Salary $1200, and board in House. 
Deputy Master. — Silas E. Walker. Salary $600, and board in House. 
Clerk to Master. — E. E. Irwin. Salary $450, and board in House. 
Clerk to Overseers. — Guy C. Underwood. Salary $800. 
Chaplain.— Eev. J. T. Burrill. Salary $1100. 

There is also paid to eight Male Assistants, $450 each, and board ; 
two at $350, and four at $300. Two Female Assistants, at $250 
each, and two at $200, and one at 



BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Stephen Tilton, Jr., Chairman ; Thomas Sprague, Seth 
Adams, Calvin E. Hinds, William H. Calrow, William Barkman, 
John L. Emmons. [Chosen in January or February. Ordinances, 
p. 270.] 

The regular Meetings of the Board are held at the Hospital on the 
second Tuesday of every month, and at the City Hall on the fourth 
Tuesday of every month. 

Clement A. Walker, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to the 
above Institution and House of Correction. Salary $1500, and 
board in the House. [Chosen in June, by the Visitors.] 



77 



There are also attached to this Institution, one Male and one Female 
Supervisor. Seven male Attendants, $180 each , seven female Attend- 
ants $130 each; one Laundress and one Housekeeper, at $156 each ; 
two Cooks, at $2 per week; one Sempstress, at $2.50 per week; 
House Attendant, at $2 per week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at South 
Boston receive $G00, which amount is shared by the three Institutions. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

Office, City Hall. 

Charter, (§ 62.) 

{Chosen in each Ward where they reside.) 

Ward 1 — John Pratt, 195 Salem street. 

2 — Ephraim Brock, Central Square, East Boston. 

3 — Simeon P. Adams, 177 Court street. 

4 — Silas Durkee, 50 Howard street. 

5 — John White, 38 Leverett street. 

6 — Thomas Haviland, 63 Chestnut street. 

7 — Patrick Kiley, 10 Lincoln street. 

8 — John W. Warren, 49 Harrison Avenue. {Chairman.) 

9 — Thomas D. Morris, 3 Townsend Place. 
10 — Isaac Emery, 101 Harrison Avenue. 
11 — Joseph Eustis, 15 Dover street. 
12 — Isaac T. Campbell, 153 Broadway. 

James Phillips, Secretary. 

The Board meet on the first and third Wednesdays of every month, 
at 3 P. M., at their office, City Hall. 

The Overseers of the Poor are likewise incorporated as a Board of 
Trustees of John Boylston's and other charitable funds, left for the 
assistance of persons of good character and advanced age, " who have 
been reduced by misfortune to indigence and want." 

John W. Warren, Treasurer and Clerk of the Corporation. 

The meetings of the Board of Trustees are held in April and 
October. 

LAMPS. 

Wm. Barnicoat, Superintendent of Lamps. Office, City Building. 
Salary $1000 per annum, and $200 for Clerk hire. [Appointed by 
the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ordinances, p. 250.] 

There are 1,964 Gas Lamps in City proper; 201 in East Boston; 
207 in South Boston. Total, 2372. 

There are 585 Fluid Lamps in Boston proper; 231 in East Boston; 
374 in South Boston ; in Washington Village 64. Total, 1,254. 



78 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

The Public Buildings of the City and County comprise the City 
Hall, the Begistry of Deeds, the Court House, Faneuil Hall, and 
Eaneuil Hall Market House, the new Stone Jail and Dead House, the 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer Island, the Old State House, 
the City Building (so called), all the Grammar and Primary School 
Houses, and all the Engine, Hydrant, and Hook and Ladder Houses in 
the City, besides other buildings used for public purposes. 

Samuel C. Nottage, Superintendent of Public Buildings. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April or 
May.] 

Henry Taylor, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall. Salary $ [Ap- 

pointed by Mayor and Aldermen in October.] 

PUBLIC LANDS. 

Bobert "W. Hall, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office, City Hall. 
Salary $1200. [Chosen by concurrent vote in April or May. City 
Ord. p. 311.] 

The Superintendent has the care and custody of all the Public Lands 
belonging to the City " except the Common, the Land and flats west 
of Charles Street, Deer Island, the lands connected with the Public 
Institutions at South Boston, or any other lands held for specific 
purposes." 

Ezra L. Byder, Superintendent of the Common, Malls and Public 
Squares. Salary $1000. [Appointed by the Committee on the 
Common, &c] 

PUBLIC LIBBAEY. 
Instituted A.B. 1852. 

Trustees. — Hon. Edward Everett, President, George Ticknor, John 

N P. Bigelow, Nathaniel B.~ Shurtleff, Thomas G.^Appleton, Earnham 

Plummer, Oliver Erost. [Chosen by concurrent vote in January.] 

Librarian. — Edward Capen. Salary $1000. [Chosen by concurrent 
vote in October.] Samuel M. Bedlington, John W. M. Appleton, 
Assistants. 

The Library is open every day, with the exception of Sundays and 
the holidays, for the delivery of books for home use, from 3 to 8 
o'clock P. M. ; and the Reading Room connected therewith is open 
from 9 A, M. to 9.30 P. M., both of which privileges are enjoyed 
freely by all who agree to conform to the regulations of the Public 
Library. 



79 

The Library is, at present, situated in the Adams School House 
Building, in Mason street. Joshua Bates, Esq., of London, whose early 
life was passed in Boston, having offered to this City the munificent 
sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars towards the purchase of Books for the 
Public Library of the City, if the City would erect a suitable building 
for that purpose; on the 24th of February, 1853, an order was passed 
by the City Council, authorizing the Committee on the Library, in 
conference with the Board of Trustees, to purchase a suitable site for 
the erection of a building which should be fully adapted to the pur- 
pose of Mr. Bates's donation. Accordingly said Committee purchased 
two estates on Boylston street, opposite the Common. 

And the following Board of Commissioners has been appointed by 
the City Council, to prepare plans, and superintend the erection of a 
suitable building on said site. 



Commissioners on the erection of a Building for the Public Library. 

Bobert C. "Winthrop, President. 

Samuel G. Ward, 

George Ticknor, 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 

Pelham Bonney, 

Joseph A. Pond, 

Joseph Buckley. 

Edward Capen, Clerk. 



MABKET. 

Charles B. Bice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market. Salary 
$1200. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen, in June or July. 
City Ordinances, p. 109.] 

Thomas Bennett, Deputy Superintendent. Salary $800 per annum. 
[City Ordinances, p. 109.] 

Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

The limits of Faneuil Hall Market include the lower floor, porches 
and cellars of the building called Faneuil Hall Market, and the streets 
on each side thereof called North Market street and South Market 
street, except the northerly sidewalk of North Market street and the 
southerly sidewalk of South Market street ; and also all those parts of 
Commercial street and the street lying between the Market building 
and Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said sidewalks 
extended easterly and westerly across said street. 



POLICE DEPAKTMENT. 

This department is under the immediate direction of the Mayor. 
It is employed in the detection of criminals, and has the superintend- 
ence of places of public amusement, carriages, wagons, trucks, pawn- 
brokers, junk shops, intelligence offices, &c. 

Under the present organization, the Police are divided into day and 
night police ; the night police performing the duties devolving on 
watchmen. 

Kobert Taylor, Chief of Police. Salary $1800. Office, City Hall. 
Luther A. Ham, First Police Deputy. Salary $1200. Hezekiah 
Earl, Second Police Deputy. Salary $800. [Appointed by the 
Mayor and Aldermen in May or June.] 

Horace G. Barrows, Clerk of Police. [Nominated by Chief of Police 

and confirmed by Mayor and Aldermen.] 
Eufus C. Marsh, Superintendent of Coaches, Carriages, 8fC. 
George W. Oliver, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, fyc 

There are eight Police Stations, the location and officers of which 
are as follows : — 

Station No. 1. 
Old Hancock School House, Hanover street. 

Edward H. Savage, Captain. 

Arnold C. Whitcomb, Nathaniel G. Davis, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 2. 
Williams Court. 

Asa Morrill, Captain. 

Oliver Whitcomb, Harrison Marsh, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 3. 

Leverett Street. 

Samuel G. Adams, Captain. 

Simon P. Wright, P. Harvey, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 4. 

Washington Street, at Boylston Market. 

William D. Eaton, Captain. 

John S. Hunt, Geo. Churchill, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 5. 

Canton Street Place. 

George M. King, Captain. 

Cyrus Small, William Chadbourn, Lieutenants. 



si 



Station No. G. 

Broadway, South Boston. 

James D. Russell, Captain. 

Henry T. Dyer, Jacob Hcrrick, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 7. 

Paris Street above Maverick Square. 

J. L. Philbrick, Captain. 

•lames Adams, Samuel Dillaway, Jr., Lieutenants. 

Station No. 8. — (Harbor Police.) 
Commercial Street, opposite Union Wharf. 
William B. Tarleton, Captain. 



constables. 



Appointed and Qualified. 



Moses Bass, 
Win. Blaisdell, 
Wm. H. Brown, 
Wm. Calder, 

Silas Carlton, 
Derastus Clapp. 
Rufus R. Cook, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
Edward D. Carpenter, 
Daniel B. Curtis, 
James Curtis, 
Albert G-. Dawes, 
Charles H. Dennie, 
Geo. B. Dexter, 
David M. R. Dow, 
Ephraim Eliot, 
Wm. Fairfield, 
Eben E. Gay, 
Elisha V. Glover, 
Benj. Heath, 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
John C. Harrington, 
Alex. Hopkins, 
Luther Hutchins, 
Fred. P. Ingalls, 
Wm. K. Jones, 
Edward J. Jones, 
Robert E. Keith, 
John T. Lawton, 
John C. Leighton, 



Joseph W. Leighton, 
John P. Lynch, 
Wm. H. Mason, 
Harum Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
Henry Nichols, 
John C. Pattee, 
David Patterson, 
Nathl. A. Pennock, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
Isaac Pierce, 
Jabez Pratt, 
Wm. E. Reed, 
Edwin Rice, 
James P. Rice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
James E. Spear, 
Elijah K. Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Henry C. Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
John G. N. Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
Geo. W. Tuckerman, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson, 



[City Ord. p. 83.] 



82 

The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the Citizens 
on Election day. 



"Ward 

1 — James E. Spear. 
2 — Wm. Munroe. 
3— Wm. Calder, 
4— Geo. D. Phillips. 
5 — David Patterson. 
6— Wm. Whitwell. 



Ward 

7 — Jabez Pratt. 

8 — Charles Smith. 

9 — Isaac A. Cooledge. 
10 — Zaccheus Holmes. 
11 — Albert G. Dawes. 
12 — John T. Lawton. 



Constables appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make complaints 
against Truant Children and Absentees from School. [City Ordi- 
nances, p. 402. Salary, $800 per annnm.] 

William F. Eeed, Nathaniel Seaver. 

John C. Pattee, 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

Moore & Crosby, No. 1 Water street, City Printing. Work done 
by contract. [City Ordinances, p. 304.] 

The newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertisements, SfC, 
are published, comprise all the daily papers, and the American 
Patriot, and East Boston Ledger. [Elected bythe City Council, in 
February or March.] 



SEWEES. 

Simeon B. Smith, Superintendent of Common Sewers. Office, City 
Hall. Salary $1500. [Chosen by concurrent vote in May or June. 
City Ordinances, p. 358.] 



SOLICITOR. 

A. A. Ranney, City Solicitor, Office, No. 10 Court street. Salary 
$2000, his office expenses, and $200 for clerk hire. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote in June. City Ordinances, p. 360.] 



STREETS. 

The Board of Aldermen are Surveyors of Highways. [Charter, 

§ 41.] 

Alfred T. Turner, Superintendent of Streets, Office, City Hall. Sal- 
ary $1400. [Chosen by concurrent vote in January or February. 
City Ordinances, p. 383.] 



83 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 



Frederic U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector' 
Salary $3000; and $5700 for permanent assistant clerks, $1100 
of which is paid to a clerk, whose duty it is to receive money for the 
Water Rates. [Chosen by the City Council in Convention, in May, 
City Charter, § 42.] 



DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



James Pierce, 
Alexander Hopkins, 
Eben E. Gay, 
Moses Bass, 



Ephraim L. Eliot, 
Henry Nichols, 
John G. N. Taylor. 



[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, § 1, 13. City 
Ordinances, p. 119. They are also appointed Constables by the 
Mayor and Aldermen.] 

Elisha Copeland, City Auditor. Salary $2500, and $1500 for clerk 
hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council in May. 
City Ordinances, p. 396.] 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

COCHITUATE "WATER BOARD. 

Office 119M Washington Street. 

[Chosen in March or April, by concurrent vote. City Ordinances, 
p. 424.] 



John H. Wilkins, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Jonathan Preston, 



Thomas Wetmore, Chairman. 

Charles Stoddard, 
John T. Dingley, 
Joseph Smith. 

Samuel N. Dyer, Clerk. 



Wm. F. Davis, Water Registrar. Salary $1300. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in September or October. Ordinances, 
p. 425.] 



CITY ENGINEER. 



James Slade. Salary $2500. 

N. Henry Crafts, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1200. 
Office, 119^ Washington street. 

[Chosen in September or October, by concurrent vote. Ordinances, 
p. 425.] 



84 



The following City Officers are paid by fees, and are annually ap- 
pointed by the City Council. [Ordinances, p. 274.] 



SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

George W. Cram. Office, 25 Doane street. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote in February. City Ordinances, p. 260.] 

Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 
[City Ordinances, p. 261.] 



Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 



Timothy Abbott, 
Francis Allen, 
Charles Bullard, 
Hiram Crego, 
George Davis, 
George Dupee, 
Osgood Eaton, 
Thomas H. Holland, 
George Hall, 
Martin H. Cross, 
John Lefavor, 
Josiak Marston, 
Nehemiah T. Merritt, 
Thomas Millikin, 
Erastus J. Fowler, 
Henry J. Fowler, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Charles H. Simpson, 
John Kenney, 
Edward Willett, 
Samuel Waldron, 
William Keith, 
E. Kirk Sparrell, 
Charles W. Smith, 
Shadrack Wade, 
J. W. Willard, 



21 Broadway, South Boston. 

226 Shawmut avenue. 

14 Fayette street. 

10 Tyler street. 

4 West Brookline street. 

332 Tremont street. 

38 Hull street. 

42 Harvard street. 

26 South Bussell street. 

143 Lexington street. 

2 Porter street, East Boston. 

204 Fourth street, South Boston. 

440 Harrison avenue. 

36 Ash street. 

Maverick House. 

122 Lexington street, East Boston. 

437 Tremont street. 

204 Fourth street, South Boston. 

35 Porter street. 

103 Broadway, South Boston. 

2 Lyndeboro' place. 

East Boston. 

10 Camden street. 



Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, 31 Dover street. 



Surveyors of Oak and other Hard Wood. 



Seth Brooks, 
Gad Leavitt, 
John B. Drew, 



Saratoga street, East Boston. 

Franklin House. 

Princeton and Marion streets, E. Boston. 



85 

Inspector of Lime. — Andrew Abbot. 

Fence Viewers. — William P. Houston, Martin H. Cross. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Nehciniah P. Mann, Moses Miller. 

Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — Lewis Beck, Benjamin Abbot. 

Assay Master. — Samuel F. Guild. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Samuel Stinson, Thomas John- 
son. 

Inspectors of Ballast and Weighers of Boats and Lighters. — Abijah 
E. Tewksbury, Henry Curtis, John Davis. [Appointed in March 
or April. Ordinances, p. 33.] 

The following are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 

Weigher of Hay, Sfc. — John B. Bradford. [Ordinances, p. 180.] 

Measurers of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon, Benjamin B. Web- 
ster. [Ordinances, p. 254.] 

Measurer of Wood and Bark brought by land. — John B. Bradford. 
[Ordinances, p. 444.] 

Measurer of Wood brought by water. — Warren Bowker. [Ordi- 
nances, p. 444.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. — [Licensed from time to time, until the 
first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 97.] 

Sealer of Weights and Measures. — Peter H. Walker. [Ordinances, 
pp. 430, 439.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Elbridge G. Dudley, 
Israel M. Barnes, Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, Caleb W. 
Hartshorn, Joseph Urann, Henry B. Andrews. [Ordinances, p. 

181.] 

COUNTY OFFICEBS. 

SUPERIOR COURT. 

This Court, established by the Legislature of 1855, in place of the 
Court of Common Pleas, for the County of Suffolk only, holds its 
terms in Boston on the first Tuesdays of January, March, May, July, 
September and November, annually. 

Chief Justice. — Albert H. Nelson, Salary $3,200. 

Associate Justices. — Charles P. Huntington, Josiah G. Abbott, Stephen 
G. Nash. Salary $3,000. 

Clerk.— Joseph Willard. Salary $2,000 

Assistant Clerk. — Joseph A. Willard. Salary, $1,500. 

Crier. — James Boyle. 



86 



MUNICIPAL COURT. 

The duties of Judges of the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, 
are performed by the Justices of the Superior Court, or some one of 
therA. [Act 1843, ch. 7.] 

George W. Cooley, Attorney. 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 

SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

John M. Clark, Sheriff and Jailer. 

George W. Loud, ") 

Chas. J. Merrill, 

William P. Baker, 

Alonzo P. Neale, 

Joseph D.Coburn, [ D .^ 

Benjamin P. Bay ley, 

Erastus W. Sanborn, 

Joseph A. Willard, 

Prancis 0. Irish, Chelsea. 

William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailer. 

Jabez Pratt, Charles Smith, Edwin Eice, Erastus W. Sanborn, Jacob 
Herrick, Charles H. Stedman, William Andrews, William M. Cor- 
nell, Jasper H. York, J. S. H. Fogg, Erastus Kugg, Chelsea, Ham- 
let Bates, JV. Chelsea, Edward Ployd, Winthrop, Coroners. 



POLICE COURT. 

John Gray Eogers,") Justices of the Police Court and of the Justices' 
Abel Cushing, [• Court. Salary, $1800 each. [Kev. Stat. 
Thomas Eussell, ) ch. 87.] 

Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary $1800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 

William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1500. [Eev. Stat. ch. 
87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary $1000. Daniel 
E. Smith, Third Assistant Clerk. Salary $800. 

Jonas Stratton, Messenger. Salary $33.33 per month. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court are the 
Inspectors of Prisons. [Eevised Statutes, p. 784. Act 1843, 
Ch. 61, § 2.] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. 



87 



The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police Court, con- 
stitute the Board of Accounts for the County. LUevlseci Statutes, 
p. 164. Ord. p. 96.] They are allowed $3 for each day's actual 
service in auditing the County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 

William Easterbrook, Keeper of the County Court House. Salary 
$700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant Keeper. Salaiy $700. [Appointed by 
Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme Court.] 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 

FOE 1856. 



Hon. Alexander H. Bice, Mayor, Ex officio. 
Oliver Stevens, President of the Common Council, Ex officio. 



TERM EXPIRES JANUARY, 1857, 



Ward. 

1-Lyman B. Hanaford, 
Isaac B. Mills. 

2-Eufus W. Clark, 
W. H. Cudworth. 

3-N. Webster Farley, 
Uriah K. Mayo. 

4-S. K. Lothrop, 
M. P. Stickney. 

5-Joseph L. Bates, 
George Bussell. 

6 -Henry Uphani, 
Josh. G. Wilbur. 

7-Aug. A. Gould, 
John Codman. 

8-Bufus Ellis, 
J. I. T. Coolidge. 

9-George Norton, 
Ambrose A. Eanney. 

10-Samuel Holbrook, 
Solomon J. Gordon. 

11-Charles W. Moore, 
Alvak Hobbs. 

12-Jasper H. York, 
Horace Smitk. 



TERM EXriRES JANUARY, 1858. 1 TERM EXPIRES JANUARY, 1859. 



Epkraim Buck, 

George Eabyan. 

James N. Sykes, 
Marcus B. Leonard. 

Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Isaac H. Hazelton. 

Nath'l B. Skurtleff, 
Ezra Palmer, Jr. 

William Howe, 
Erederick Emerson. 

George W. Tuxbury, 
Jokn C. Stockbridge. 

Le Baron Bussell, 
Eobert W. Hooper. 

George H. Lyman, 
Jokn B. Alley. 

Otis A. Skinner, 
William W. Baker. 

William M. Cornell, 
Sam'l J. M. Homer. 

Norman C. Stevens, 
James A. Fox. 

D. McB. Thaxter, Jr. 
Thomas Dawes. 



Adino B. Hall, 
Albert Day. 

Edwin Wright, 
Edwin A. Hill. 

Daniel P. Simpson. 
E. D. G. Palmer. 

Francis E. Parker, 
Benjamin S. Shaw. 

Henry A. Miles, 
T. B. Marvin. 

Chandler Bobbins, 
Jabez B. Upham. 

Alex'r H. Vinton, 
Charles D. Homans. 

Samuel W. Bates, 
Thomas M. Brewer. 

John P. Putnam, 
William Beck. 

George M. Bandall, 
Enoch C. Bolfe. 

George Eaton, 
Arthur H. Poor. 

Cbas. S. Porter, 
Henry A. Drake. 



Nathan Bishop, Superintendent of Public Schools. Office in 
City Hall. Office hours from 12 to 2 o'clock, P. M. 

Barnard Capen, Secretary of the School Committee. 



ORGANIZATION 



BOARD OF SCHOOL COMMITTEE 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS. 

Messrs. Solomon J. Gordon, N. Webster Parley, Alvah Hobbs, 
Lyman B. Hanaford, William Beck. 

COMMITTEE ON EULES AND REGULATIONS. 

Messrs. George W. Tuxbury, Ambrose A. Banney, Samuel K. 
Lotlirop, Frederick Emerson, Samuel J. M. Homer. 

COMMITTEE ON SALARIES. 

Messrs. Henry A. Drake, William W. Baker, James A. Fox, 
Ezra Palmer, Jr., T. B. Marvin. 

COMMITTEE ON ACCOUNTS. 

Messrs. William W. Baker, J. I. T. Coolidge, Benjamin S. 
Shaw, Enoch C. Bolfe, John B. Alley. 

COMMITTEE ON TEXT-BOOKS. 

Messrs. Francis E. Parker, Charles W. Moore, John Codman, 
Thomas M. Brewer, Le Baron Kussell. 

COMMITTEE ON SCHOOL HOUSES. 

Messrs. Robert W. Hooper, Isaac H. Hazelton, Nathaniel B. 
Shurtleff, Joshua G. Wilbur, Albert Day. 



90 



LATIN SCHOOL, BEDFORD STREET. 

COMMITTEE. 

Nathaniel B. Siiurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 
Francis E. Parker, 30 Court street. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Edwin Wright, 9 Joy's Building. 
Arthur H. Poor, 10 Ashland place. 

Francis Gardner, Blaster. 
John Noble, Sub-Master. 
Charles J. Capen, Phillips Brooks, James Eeed, and N. Willis 

Bmnstead, Ushers. 
Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 
N. B. M. De Montrachy, Teacher of French. 

ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL, BEDFORD STREET. 
COMMITTEE. 

S. K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 
Augustus A. Gould, 31 Boy Is ton street. 
Alex. H. Vinton, 8 Temple place. 
Henry A. Mills, 21 Bromfield street. 
Norman C. Stevens, 6 Brookline street. 

Thomas Sherwin, Master. 

Luther Bobinson, First Sub-Master. 

Charles M. Cumston, Second Sub-Master. 

Luther W. Anderson, and Ephraim Hunt, Ushers. 

Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 

girls' high and normal school, mason street. 

COMMITTEE. 

Le Baron Bussell, 1 Otis place. 
Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
Thomas M. Brewer, 8 Edinboro' street. 

Loring Lothrop, Master. 

Caroline C. Johnson, Head Assistant. 

Mary A. Currier, Harriet E. Caryl, Caroline E. Sparrell, and 

Maria A. Bacon, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 






91 



THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS, ARRANGED IN ALPHABET- 
ICAL ORDER. 

BIGELOW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Duncan McB. Thaxter, Jr., Chairman, 370 Broadway. 

Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 

Jasper H. York, 206 Broadway. 

Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 

Charles S. Porter, 301 Broadway. 

Thomas Dawes, G- street, near Fourth. 

Bigelow School, Fourth Street, South Boston. 

Joseph Hale, Master. 

Julia M. Baxter and Celinda Seaver, Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Martha C. Jenks, Elizabeth Williams, Eachel C. Mather, 

Mary E. Page, Olive A. Leighton. 

Caroline E. Poree, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 




Sub- Committees. 


Annie C. Gill, 
Lydia K Bates, 


No. 1-Bigelow Sch. ho. 
2 " " 


} 


Messrs. Drake and 
Dawes. 


Lucy E. Lovell, 
Sarah E. R. Manning, 


3 

4 


1 


Messrs. Smith and 
Porter. 


Tiley Ann Balcom, 
C. Augusta Mott, 


8 " 
1-Lyceum Hall. 


} 


Messrs. Porter and 
Smith. 


Adeline M. Sheldon, 
Emeline L. Tolman, 


1-Wash. Village. 
2 " " 


} 


Messrs. York and 
Drake. 



Tho person first named on any Sub-Committee is the Chairman. 



92 



BOWDOIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Chandler Bobbins, Chairman, 80 Mt. Vernon street. 

Henry Upham, 19 Irving street. 

Benjamin S. Shaw, 13 Bowdoin street. 

Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 

J. G. Wilbur, 135 Cambridge street. 

G-. W. Tuxbury, 5 Court street. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 

Jabez B. Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 

John C. Stockbridge, 42 Charles street. 

Bowdoin School, Myrtle Street. 

Daniel C. Brown, Master. 

James Bobinson, Assistant Teacher of Arithmetic. 

Mary A. Murdock, Bebecca Lincoln, Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Mary S. Bobinson, Marcy Ann Smith, 

Hannah S. Andrews, Martha A. Palmer, 
Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Sarah B. Andrews, 

Eliza J. Baxter, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Mary A. Proctor, 
Mary M. Clapp. 
Sophia B. Horr. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Lucy A. Clark, 
Mary A. Howe, 

C. Eliza Wason, 



Location. 

No. 1-Bowdoin Sq. cb. 

2 

1-Joy street, 



Priscilla C. Sampson, 
Marianne Stephens, 

P. D. E. Whitman, 
Lydia A. Woodward, 
Sarah A. Cushing, 

Eebecca E. Thayer, 
Harriet N. Pike, 
Malverda 1ST. Parker, 



1-May street, 

2 " " 

1 -Blossom street, 
2 

3 " 

1-Franklin street, 

2 

3 " " 



Sub- Committees. 

Messrs. Shaw and 
J. B. Upham. 

Messrs. Tuxbury 
and Shaw. 

Messrs. H. Upham, 
and Stockbridge. 

Messrs. Wilbur, 
Tuxbury, and 
J. B. Upham. 

Messrs. Palmer, 
Shurtleff, and 
Stockbridge. 



BOYLSTON SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Alexander H. Vinton, Chairman, 8 Temple place. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Charles D. Homans, 1 Chauncey place. 
Augustus A. Gould, 31 Boylston street. 
Eobert W. Hooper, 44 Summer street. 
Le Baron Eussell, 1 Otis place. 
L. B. Hanaford, 16 Summer street. 
M. P. Sticknet, 1 Allston place. 
Chandler Eobbins, 80 Mt. Vernon street. 
John P. Putnam, 97 Boylston street. 

Boylston School, Fort Mill. 

Charles Kimball, Master, William T. Adams, Sub-Master, 
William P. Harding, Usher, Mary G. Clement, Read Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Clarinda E. P. Treadwell, Eosetta M. Hodges, Caroline Leavitt, 
Ellen M. S. Treadwell, Mary S. Smith, Sarah E. Moulton, 
Maria A. Moulton, Laura P. Holland, Ellen McKendry. 

Eliza A. Baxter, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

primary schools. 

Teachers. Location. Sub- Committees. 

M. A. Kotch, No. 1-Lane place, ") 
M. E. Tappan, 2 " " [ Messrs. Eussell and 

M. W. Parker, 3 " " ( Eobbins. 

Eliza M. Ayres, 4 " " J 

Mary E. Sawyer, 5 " " ^ 

A. M. Parker, 6 " " f Messrs. Gould and 

E. Peaslee, 7 " " [ Putnam. 

C. A. Curtis, 8 " " J 

Celeste Weed, 9 " " ^ 

S. S. Parsons, 1-Eort Hill, I Messrs. Stickney and 

A. E. Edwards, 2 " " ( Hanaford. 

A. E. N. Treadwell, 2 ' " J 

A. M. Newmarch, William street, | Meggrg> Hooper ^ 

M.J.Cobu'rn, « « j Vinton ' 

J. B. Lombard, 1-Purcbase place, "} 

A. M. Lecain, 1-Belcher lane, ! Messrs. Codman and 

H. B. Cutler, 2 f Homans. 

L. B. Felt, 3 ■ " j 



94 



BRIMMER SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

Otis A. Skinner, Chairman, 17 Tyler street. 
Ambrose A. Ranney, 5 Pleasant street. 
George Norton, 346 Tremont street. 
Augustus A. Gould, 31 Boyiston street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boyiston street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
William Beck, 137 Pleasant street. 
George M. Randall, 201 Harrison avenue. 

Brimmer School, Common Street. 

Joshua Bates, Master, Fred. A. Sawyer, Sub-Master, 

William L. P. Boardman, Usher, Anna L. Gage, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 



Ellen B. Cunningham, 



Mary E. Beck, 
Mary M. Knight, 

Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Augusta H. Farrar. 



Helen M. Chaffee, 
Rebecca L. Duncan. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Sub- Committees. 


Elizabeth Goodrich, 


No. 1-Brimmer Sch. ho., 


Eanney and Skinner. 


E. E. Andrews, 


1-Warren street, 


Alley and Lyman, 


Sarah K. Bowles, 


2 " " 


Alley and Lyman. 


Mary B. Swett, 


3 " " 


Gould and Alley. 


Dorcas B. Baldwin, 


A <( << 


Gould and Alley. 


Deborah Burgess, 


5 " " 


Bandall and Norton. 


Anne M. Bourne, 


6 


Norton and Kandall. 


C. M. E. Bichardson, 


l~Newbern place, 


Beck and Norton. 


Bebecca J. Weston, 


9 a it 


Lyman and Alley. 


Sarah E. Gillespie, 


3 


Gould and Beck. 


Priscilla S. Taft, 


1-Warren street ch., 


Skinner and Banney. 


Eliza E. Foster, 


2 " " 


Skinner and Banney. 



95 



CHAPMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Kufus W. Clark, Chairman, Webster, cor. Seaver street. 
Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 
James N. Sykes, 8 Terrace place. 
Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 
Edwin A. Hill, 74 Princeton street. 

Chapman School, Mitaw Street 

John P. Averill, Master of Boys' Department 
Jane E. Gilbert, Head Assistant 

ASSISTANTS. 

Adeline E. Clapp, Mary E. Morton, 

Julia T, Beale, Elizabeth F. Dickason, 

Sarah J. D'Arcy. 

L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Master of GirW Department 
Jane S. Tower, Head Assistant 

ASSISTANTS. 

Lucy A. Wiggin, Charlotte L. Stockwell, 

Sarah F. Whitmore, Helen M. Caldwell, 

Mary A. H. Pingrey. 

Mary A. Conley, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers. Location. Sub- Committees. 

Sarah A. Pratt, No. 1-Porter street, \ Messrs. Hill and 

Susan M. Underwood, 2 " " J Sykes. 

Emily C. Sturtevant, 3 " " ") Messrs. Leonard 

S. 0. Macreading, 4 " j and Hill. 



Jane E. Beals, 1-Lexington street, 

Louisa Curtis, 2 " 



Kate W. Lincoln, 3 

Mary E. Morse, 1-Saratoga street, ~) „ ffill d 

Mary 0. Smith, 2 [■ Leonard 

Annette A. Webster, 3-(376) Saratof" 



'eet, ") 

" 1 

•eet, ") 

" f 

Dga st. J 



Messrs. Cudworth 
and Hill. 



96 



DWIGHT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Norman C. Stevens, Chairman, 6 West Brookline st. 

Charles W. Moore, 42 Concord street. 

Alvah Hobbs, 147 Shawmut avenue. 

James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 

Samuel Holbrook, 129 Hudson street. 

Enoch C. Eolfe, 563 Washington street. 

George Eaton, 1189 Washington street. 

Arthur H. Poor, 10 Ashland Place. 

Dwight School, Concord Street. 

James A. Page, Master of Boys' Department. 
William F. Basto, Sub-Master. 
Anna C. Ellis, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Elizaheth P. Wyman, Almira W. Hodges, 

Lucretia S. Josselyn, Caroline L. Tyler, 

Catherine S. Damrell. 

L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



George B. Hyde, Master of Girls' Department. 
Eliza A. Harding, Mead Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Louisa Tucker, Pamelia W. Cate, 

Susan E. Green, Frances A. Keller. 

Eleanor L. Brown, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Eliza C. Gould, 
Harriet S. Keith, 
Henrietta Draper, 
Ann J. Bolden, 
Betsey H. Warren, 
Augusta A. Davis, 

Clara B. Gould, 
Mary A. Hall, 
Elizabeth Newman, 
Mary E. Moore, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 

No. 1-Kutland street, 
2 " " 

3 

4. << << 

5 

6 

1-Dedham street, 

1 -Worcester street, 

1-Northampton street, 

2 



Sub- Committees. 

Messrs. Stevens, 
Moore, Poor, and 
Eolfe. 

Messrs. Poor, Fox, 
and Hobbs. 

Messrs. Eaton, 
Holbrook, and 
Eox. 






97 



ELIOT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



George Fabyan, Chairman, 191 Salem street. 
Ephraim Buck, 14 Salem street. 
Uriah K. Mayo, 110 Hanover street. 
N. Webster Farley, 130 Hanover street. 
Isaac B. Mills, 68 Charter street. 
Daniel P. Simpson, 5 Crescent place. 
E. D. G. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 
Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 

Eliot School, North Bennett Street. 



William H. Seavey, Master, 
Alfred Hewins, Usher, 



Samuel W. Mason, Sub-Master. 
Abby A. Marsh, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Eliza L. Felt, 
Sophia Shepard, 
Hannah M. Damon, 



Calista H. Clement, 
Fanny E. Bichardson, 
Sarah T. Jones, 
Anna E. Dyke. 



Emily T. Shattuck, 
Elizabeth M. Turner, 
Caroline E. Conant, 



Charles Butler, Music Teacher. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 
Abigail S. Eich, 



Harriet S. Boody, 

Sarah C. Chevaillier, 
Louisa Myers, 
Therese M. Carpenter, 

Susan A. Vose, 
Louisa A. Leavitt, 
Mary A. Gushing, 
Eliza Brintnall, 

L. I. Tewksbury, 
Mary S. Stoddard, 
Sarah Eipley, 

Maria A. Gibbs, 
Sarah E. Pierce, 
Helen M. Warner, 

13 



Location. 

No. 1-Snelling Place, 
2 " " 



5 " " 

1-22 Charter street, 
2 " " 

4. <i << 

q (i u 

o 

3-rear 22 Charter st., 
2 « » „ 

<< << << 

3-Hanover avenue, 

2 

1 



Sub- Committees. 

Mr. Fabyan. 
Mr. Buck. 

I Messrs. Mills, 
f Mayo. 

( Messrs Farley, 
r Hall, Palmer. 

Messrs. Mayo, 
Simpson, 
Hall. 

Messrs. Hall, 
Mills, 
Farley. 



98 



FRANKLIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

George M. Eandall, Oliairman, 201 Harrison avenue. 

Charles W. Moore, 42 Concord Street. 

Norman C. Stevens, 6 West Brookline street. 

J. I. T. Coolidge, Beach street, opposite Edinboro' street. 

Kufus Ellis, 4 Exeter Place. 

Alvah Hobbs, 147 Shawmut avenue. 

Enoch. C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

George Norton, 846 Tremont street. 

George Eaton, 1189 Washington street. 

Arthur H. Poor, 10 Ashland place. 

Franklin School, Washington Street. 
Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

HEAD ASSISTANTS. 

Catherine T. Simonds, Abby A. Johnson, Charlotte M. Moore. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Sarah A. Gale, Mary J. Leach, 

Elizabeth M. Bradbury, Elizabeth J. Brown, 
Clara M. Ellms. 



Mary A. Mitchell, 
Mary J. Bruce, 



Maria S. Wolcott, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Sub- Committees 


Jane S. Hobart, 


No. 1 -Genesee street, 


Eandall. 


Susan M. Chaffee, 


O M << 


Coolidge. 


Abbie K. Sweetser, 


3 


Coolidge. 


Helen E. Eaton, 


1-West Castle street 


Hobbs. 


►Emeline J. Brown, 


2 " " 


Eolfe. 


Josephine G-. Whipple, 


1 -Indiana place, 


Norton. 


Ellen Wright, 


2 


Norton. 


H. M. Faxon, 


1-Groton street, 


Moore. 


Lucy M. Beck. 


2 " 


Ellis. 


Caroline A. Miller, 


3 " 


Stevens. 


Eliza Ann Tirrell, 


4 " 


Eaton. 


H. M. Coolidge, 


5 " 


Stevens. 


Eliza J. Dyer, 


G " 


Poor. 



99 



HANCOCK SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Ephraim Buck, Chairman, 146 Salem street. 

Francis .E. Parker, 30 Court street. 

N. Webster Farley, 130 Hanover street. 

Uriah K. Mayo, 110 Hanover street. 

Isaac B. Mills, 68 Charter street. 

George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 

Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 

Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 

E. D. G. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 

Daniel P. Simpson, 5 Crescent place. 

Hancock School, Richmond Place. 

George Allen, Jr., Master. 
Phineas G. Parruenter, Sub-Master. 
Susan E. Hoyt, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Henrietta L. Pierce, 
Sarah E. White, 
M. K. Brigham, 



Achsah Barnes, 
Elizabeth F. McKay, 
M. Sherman, 
Angelina A. Brigham. 

Mary A. McKay, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Mary S. Gale, 
Mary J. Wason, 
Emily 0. Spencer, 



Teachers. 

Elizabeth E. Pettes, 
Sarah L. Shepard, 
Sarah F. Ellis, 
Mary E. Keith, 

Nancy B. Seaver, 

Emily A. Tewksbury, 
Elizabeth E. Frye, 
Margaret W. Hall, 
Harriet M. James, 

Emeline B. Turner, 
Cordelia B. Beed, 
Martha F. Boody, 
Mary B. Viles, 

Anna E. Page, 
Susan Page, 
Betsy L. Canedy, 
Anna H. Burns, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 

No. 1-Thacher street, 
2 " " 

3 
1-N". Margin street, 

2 " " 

1-Hanover " 

2 " 

3 

1— Bennett avenue, 

2 " " 

1-Sheafe street, 
2 " 
3 

1-Cooper street, 
2 « 



Sub -Committees. 

Messrs. Parker and 
Mayo. 

Mr. Fabyan. 

Messrs. Palmer 
and Bradbury. 



Messrs. Mills and 
Simpson. 



Messrs. Farley and 
Hall. 



100 



HAWES SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Thomas Dawes, Chairman, G street, near 4th. 
Jasper H. York, 206 Broadway. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 
Charles S. Porter, 301 Broadway. 
Alvah Hobbs, 147 Shawmut avenue. 



Howes School, Broadway, South Boston. 



Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. Henry C. Hardon, Usher. 

Mary E. Balch, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Josephine W. Easte, Martha A. Dearborn, 

Myra S. Butterfield, Laura Bartlett. 

Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 

Cynthia H. Sears, 
Caroline S. Burrill, 

Elizabeth T. Dodge, 
Mary H. Faxon, 

Elizabeth S. Kettell, 
Susan TV. Smith, 



No. 



Location. 

-rear Hawes sch. ho. 



1-Blanchard's Build'g, 
2 " " 

2-City Point, 
i " 



V 



Sub-Committees. 

Messrs. York and 
Porter. 

Messrs. Drake and 
Hobbs. 

Messrs. Porter and 
Smith. 



101 



LAWRENCE SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Jasper H. York, Chairman, 206 Broadway. 
D. McB. Thaxter, Jr., 370 Broadway. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 
Horace Smith, 239 Fourth street. 
George Eaton, 1189 Washington street. 
Charles S. Porter, 301 Broadway. 
William M. Cornell, 630 Washington street. 
Thomas Dawes, G- street, near Fourth. 

Lawrence School, South Boston. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Master. 
Asa Weeks, Sub-Master. L. F. Bradley, Head Assistant. 



Lucy Floyd, 
Margarette A. Moody, 
Emily Childs, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Elizabeth B. Eeynolds, 
Alice Cooper, 
E. S. Jefferds, 
Mary Jane Meader. 

Sarah J. Bliss, Teacher of Saving. 
Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Mary J. Newmarch, 
Olive M. Jefferds, 
Marie Ann Hale, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Sub- Committees. 


Lucinda Smith, 
Lucy B. Howard, 


No. 1 -Silver street, 
6 " 


\ Messrs. Porter and 

j Eaton. 


Hannah 0. Merritt, 
Mary E. Fox, 


9 (l a 

3 " 


| Messrs. Smith and 
j Fox. 


Elizabeth C. Toombs, 
Mary V. Dillaway, 


4. a u 

5 " " 


1 Messrs. Cornell and 
} Porter. 


Harriet A. Horton, 
Mary A. Macnair, 


1-Phillips Church, 

1 -Athens street, 


) Messrs. Fox and 
j Thaxter. 


Bebecca H. Bird, 
Mary K. Davis, 


2-Mather Sch. ho. 

2 " 


") Messrs. Eaton and 
j Smith. 


Susan S. Sproul, 
Mary Lincoln, 
Sarah K. Glover, 


1 -Broadway, 

3 

] Mather Sch. ho. 


*) Messrs. York, 
> Thaxter, and 
J Dawes. 



102 



LYMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Warren H. Cudworth, Chairman, 1 Meridian st. 
Eufus W. Clark, Webster, corner of Seaver street. 
Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 
James N. Sykes, 8 Terrace Place. 
George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 
Isaac B. Mills, 68 Charter street. 
Edwin Wright, Maverick House. 
Edwin A. Hill, 74 Princeton street. 

Lyman School, Meridian Street, East Boston. 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. James F. Blackinton, Sub-Master. 

Mary O. Bulfinch, Mary S. Gage, Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Emeline French, 
Mary P. Moulton, 



Cordelia Lothrop, 
Almira G. Smith, 
Eliza A. Wiggin, Mary A. Turner, 
Jane M. Hight, Amelia H. Pitman, 

Mary A. Titcomb, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Fanny R. Edmunds, 
Eliza F. Russell, 
Clara M. Crosby. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Susan H. M. Swan, 
Elizabeth Lincoln, 
Louisa Pratt, 
Elizabeth H. Allen, 
Frances W. Bedding, 
Susan D. Wilde, 

Helen A. Plumley, 
Esther L. Morse, 

Hannah L. Manson, 
Marion W. Atkins, 
Angeline M. Cudworth, 

Hannah C. Atkins, 
Emily C. Morse, 
Kosa S. Morse, 



Location. 

No. 1 -Sumner street, 
2 " " 

3 

1-Webster street, 

2 

q « << 

o 

4_ <! " 

5 

1 -Paris street, 

2 " " 

3 " 

4 u 

5 " 



Sub Committees. 

Messrs. Sykes and 
Clark. 

Messrs. Wright and 
Cudworth. 

Messrs. Wright and 
Sykes. 

Messrs. Leonard 
and Fabyan. 

Messrs. Clark and 
Wright. 



103 



MAYIIEW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Daniel P. Simpson, Chairman, 5 Crescent place. 

Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 

Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 

S. K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 

M. P. Stickney, 1 Allston place. 

Charles D. Homans, 1 Chauncy place. 

T. R Marvin, 42 Congress street. 



31ayhew School, Hawkins Street. 



Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Vocal Music. 

Bobert Swan, Sub-Master. Quincy E. Dickerman, Usher. 

Emily A. Moulton, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizabeth L. West, S. W. I. Copeland, 
Elizabeth P. Hopkins, Adeline F. Cutter, 



Caroline H. Eice, 
Helen H. Pearson. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 

C. W. Callender, 
Mary E. Parker, 
Permelia Stevens, 

Caroline Wason, 
Maria E. Clapp, 

Bethia Whiting, 

Harriet M. Warren, 
Harriet A. Earrow, 

Harriet L Chester, 



Location. 

No. 1-Cross street, 
2 " 
4-Mayhew Sch. house, 

1-South Margin street, 
2-Merrimac street, 

3-Mayhew Sch. house, 

1-Old Hancock " 
2 « « « 

1-Friend street, 



Sub- Committees. 

Messrs. Stickney 
and Homans. 

Messrs. Bradbury 
and Hazelton. 

Messrs. Hazelton 
and Marvin. 

Messrs. Marvin and 
Lothrop. 

Messrs. Lothrop 
and Simpson. 



104 



PHILLIPS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

William Howe, Chairman, 19 Allen street. 
Henry Upham, 19 Irving street. 
George Eussell, 14 Lynde street. 
Benjamin S. Shaw, 13 Bowdoin street. 
Joseph L. Bates, 129 Washington street. 
John C. Stockbridge, 42 Charles street. 
J. Baxter Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 

Phillips School House, West Centre Street. 

James Hovey, Master. 

Amphion Gates, Sub-31aster. John M. Colcord, Usher. 

Helen L. Gilson, Mead Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Catherine P. Dow, Elvira M. Harrington, 

Eliza F. Copeland, Gertrude A. Brown, 

Clara W. Cushman, Mary Hohart, 

Lucy S. Nevins. 

Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers. Location. Suh-Committees. 

Mary A. Allen, No. 1-Southac street, ) Messrs. Eussell and 

Sarah A. M. Turner, 2 " " j Stockhridge. 

Lydia F. Poole, 3 " \ Messrs. H. Upham 

Caroline P. Eastman, 4 " " j and Bates. 

Abby A. Lincoln, 1-West Cedar street, ") Messrs. J. B. Upham 

Eliza A. Corthell, 2 j and Shaw. 

Sarah Ingalls, 1— Phillips Sch. house, ") Messrs. Bates and 

j Howe. 

Harriet H. King. 2-Joy street, ") Messrs. Stockbridge 

j and H. Upham. 

Ruth M. Sanborn, 1-Western avenue, ) Messrs. Shaw and 

j J. B. Upham. 



105 



QUINCY SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

William M. Cornell, Chairman, 630 Washington street. 

Rufus Ellis, 4 Exeter place. 

Samuel Holbrook, 129 Hudson street. 

George Norton, 346 Tremont street. 

Solomon J. Gordon, 11 Burroughs place. 

Samuel W. Bates, 46 Washington street. 

J. I. T. Coolidge, Beach, opposite Edinboro' street. 

George M. Randall, 201 Harrison Avenue. 

S. J. M. Homer, 13 Union street. 

William Beck, 7 Niles' Building. 

Quincy School, Tyler Street 

Charles E. Valentine, Master. B. W. Putnam, Sab-Master. 

Adoniram Alden and Richard F. Putnam, Ushers. 
Josephine L. Tucker, Mead Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Lydia A. Hanson, Caroline D. Cotton, Angelina A. Moulton, 
E. Maria Simonds, E. O. Vinton, Olive M. Paige, 

Harriet D. Hinckley, Ada G. Beal, Caroline A. Morris, 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Sophronia N Herrick, 
Hannah A. Lawrence, 
Adeline Stockbridge, 
Lucy C. Haskell, 

Mary C. Greene, 
Charlotte L. Young, 
Elizabeth S. Emmons, 

Hannah E. Moore, 
Mary Williams, 
Caroline L. P. Torrey, 
Erancis Torrey, 

Mary A. Hunt, 
Hannah L. Billings, 
Emily B. Peck, 
Harriet A. Dow, 

14 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 
No. 1-East street place, 

9 a it a 

3 " " " 

4. U tl it 

1-E. Orange street, 

2 " " 

3 " " 

1 -Tyler street, 

2 " 

3 " 

4 « 

5 " 

6 " 

1 -Hudson street, 
2 " " 



Sub- Committees. 

Messrs. Coolidge 
and Homer. 



I Messrs. Norton 
T and Beck. 

I Messrs. Gordon, 
V Holbrook, and 
| Bates. 

~\ Messrs. Holbrook, 

( Bandall, 

( Ellis and 
J Coolidge. 



106 



WELLS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Frederick Emerson. Chairman, 1 Lyncle street. 
Joseph L. Bates, 129 Washington street. 
George Eussell, 12 Lyncle street. 
William Howe, 19 Allen street. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Joshua G. Wilbur, 135 Cambridge street, 
T. E. Marvin, 29 Lyncle street. 
Henry A. Miles, 15 Allen street. 

Wells School, Blossom Street. 

Eeuben Swan, Jr., Master. William H. Swan, Sub-Master. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 



Sarah J. Lothrop, 
Lydia A. Hayward, 



Maria E. Chase, 
Juliana Sparrell, 
Josephine Bacon. 

Jane M. Bedford, Teacher of Sewing. 

Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Mary S. Carter, 
Josephine Couthouy, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 

Mary L. Bailey, 
Anna A. James, 

Elizabeth W. Snow, 
Augusta H. Foster, 

Lucy M. A. Eedding, 
Ekaiua B. Housley, 

Elizabeth S. Grater, 
Elizabeth S. Foster, 

Mary A. II. Cotting, 
Mary S. Watts, 



Location. 

No. 1-Wall street, 

2 " " 

3 " 

5 " " 

6 " 



-Milton " 



2-Spring street place, 
1-Wells School house, 



jl 



Sub-Committees. 

Messrs. Wilbur 
and Hazelton. 

Messrs. Marvin 
and Wilbur. 

Messrs. Hazelton 
and Miles. 

Messrs. Eussell 
and Bates. 

Messrs. Bates and 
Marvin. 

Messrs. Miles and 
Eussell. 



107 



WINTIIROP SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Samuel W. Bates, Chairman, 46 Washington street. 

Otis A. Skinner, 17 Tyler street. 

George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 

William W. Baker, Nassau street, near Harrison Av. 

Ambrose A. Eanney, 5 Pleasant street. 

Solomon J. Gordon, 11 Burroughs place. 

John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

John P. Putnam, 97 Boylston street. 

S. J. M. Homer, 13 Union street. 

Thomas M. Brewer, 8 Edinhoro street. 

Winihrop School, Tremont Street. 

Henry Williams, Jr., Master. 



HEAT) ASSISTANTS. 



Susan A. W. Loring, 
Eehecca P. Barry, 



Almira Paul, 
Martha E. Towne. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizaheth E. Briggs, 
Caroline A. Sogers, 
Martha I. Cotton, 



Almira Seymour, 
Mary Jane Banforth, 
L. Ellen Sprague, 
Hannah H. Hosmer. 



Eliza J. Eeed, 
Elizaheth Newell, 
Julia C. Bird, 



Eehecca W. Bell, Teacher of Serving. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Sarah E. Lewis, 
Mary A. Easterhrook, 
Mary E. Parker, 
Sarah Eveleth, 

Anna 0. Jones, 
Mary B. Browne 

Eliza A. C. Day, 
Harriet A. Bettis- 

Harriet A. Parker, 
Hannah M. Gihbs, 
Elizaheth C. Frink, 



primary schools. 

Location. 

No. 1-East street, 

2 " " 

3 " 

4 - 

1-Bumstead court, 
o <« << 

1 -Essex place, 

2 " " 

1-South street court, 

2 » 

3 " 



Sub-Committees. 

I Messrs. Baker, 

y Homer, and 

Putnam. 






Messrs. Alley and 
Lyman. 

Messrs. Brewer, 
Bates, & Baker. 

Messrs. Eanney, 
Gordon, and 
Brewer. 



108 



WARD OFFICERS 



185G 



Ward No. 1. 



Warden. 
Samuel B. Krogman. 

Clerk. 



Warden. 



Ezra Vinal. 



Cleric. 



Albert Huse. 



Warden. 
Thomas Critchet. 

Clerk. 
Daniel K. Sortwell. 



Warden. 
S. Bowland Hart. 



Clerk. 



Charles Hale. 



Inspectors. 
Charles E. Dodd, 
Jeremiah 0. Winkley, 
William F. Clark, Jr. 
E. B. W. Bestieaux, 
Enoch H. Snelling, Jr. 



Ward No. 2. 

Inspectors. 
Taylor Mills, 
William Wentwortli, 
David M. B. Dow, 
Moses J. Gove, 
Jacob C. Went worth. 

Ward No. 3. 

Inspectors. 
John S. Leonard, 
Charles Carter, 
Joseph Snow, 
S. Henry Stone, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward No. 4. 

Inspectors. 
William G. Welch, 
Henry H. Holbrook, 
Earley E. Conant, 
0. H. Dutton. 
William E. Webster. 



109 



Ward No. 5. 



Warden. 

Emmons Bayniond. 

Clerk. 
William P. Draper. 



Warden. 
Thomas F. Nutter. 

Clerk. 
Frederic S. Hill. 



Warden. 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Clerk. 
James C. Tileston. 



Warden. 
Stephen G. Deblois. 

Clerk. 
Timothy K. Page. 



Warden. 
Francis Eichards. 

Clerk. 
Charles H. Bacon. 



Warden. 



John F. Trull. 



Clerk. 



Otis Orne. 



Inspectors. 
Frederic Whiton, 
Charles W. Kimball, 
George Lane, 
William H. Sampson, 
William T. E. Marvin. 



Ward No. 6. 



Inspectors. 
Benjamin C. Piper, 
Charles H. Mann, 
Arthur W. Hobart, 
John H. Jackson, 
William W. Winthrop. 



Ward No. 7. 



Inspectors. 
Edward S. Taj lor, 
John F. Bancbor, 
T. A. Bridge, 
Benjamin W. Dix, 
Ira C. Gray. 



Ward No. 8. 



Inspectors. 
William B. Eussell, 
Henry C. Allen, 
William Bacon, 
Thomas J. Brigham, 
S. G. Clarke. 



Ward No. 9. 



Inspectors. 
Charles W. Morris, 
Joseph L. Drew, Jr. 
George W. Dean, 
Thomas E. Dudley, 
F. Henry Dix. 



Ward No. 10. 



Inspectors. 
Moses C. Thompson, 
Hezekiah Prince, Jr. 
William H. Eussell, 
Benjamin F. White, Jr. 
Benjamin G. Gay. 



110 



Ward No. 11. 



Warden. 

S. S. Kidgway. 

Clerk. 
Charles Caverly, Jr. 



Warden. 
Gustavus Forbes. 

Clerk. 

George B. Proctor. 



Inspectors. 
B. D. Tucker, 
W. S. McGowan, 
Homer Sanders, 
A. P. Melzar, 
Edward Paxon. 



Ward No. 12. 

Inspectors. 
Edwin B. Spinney, 
Jesse Batchelder, 
Wm. S. Thacher, 
J. H. Cheney, 
S. S. Jefferds. 



Ill 



WAKDS. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the 
Eastern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Kichmond 
street ; thence by the centre of Eichmond street, across Hanover 
street to Salem street ; thence by the centre of Salem street to Cooper 
street ; thence by the centre of Cooper street, crossing Charlestown 
street to Beverly street; thence by the centre of Beverly to Cause- 
way street ; thence across Causeway street, and in the same direction 
with Beverly street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the Fitchburg 
Eailroad depot, on a line which would strike the central line of Beverly 
street if extended to the water; thence by such line and the centre of 
B3verly street to Charlestown street; thence across Charlestown street, 
and by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by the 
centre of Salem street to Eichmond street ; thence by the centre of 
Eichmond street to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hanover 
street to Court street ; thence by the centre of Court street to Green 
street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Leverett street ; thence 
by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence by the 
centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the centre of 
Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with Lowell street, 
to the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of the East- 
ern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street to Eichmond street ; 
thence by the centre of Eichmond street to Hanover street ; thence 
by the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by the centre 
of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street 
to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford street to Cam- 
bridge street; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple 
street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and Mount Vernon street 
to Park street ; thence by the centre of Park street to Tremont street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to Winter street ; thence by the 
centre of Winter street to Washington street ; thence by the centre of 
Washington street to Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street 
to India street ; thence across India street by a straight line to the 
water on the south side of Central wharf; thence by the water to the 
point begun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Staniford street; 
thence by the centre of Staniford street to Green street ; thence by the 
centre cf Green street to the junction of Lynde and Leverett streets ; 
thence by the centre of Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence by 



112 



the centre of Causeway street to Lowell street ; tlience by the centre of 
Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with Lowell street to 
the water ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of Cambridge 
Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street to Temple street ; 
thence by the centre of Temple and Mount Vernon streets to Beacon 
street ; thence by the centre of Beacon street and the Western avenue 
to the boundary line between Boston and Boxbury, on the Western 
avenue ; thence northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water on the south side of Central wharf ; 
thence across India street by a straight line to Milk street ; thence by 
the centre of Milk street to Washington street ; thence by the centre 
of Washington street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of Winter 
street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
West street : thence by the centre of West street and Bedford street to 
Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street to Essex 
street ; thence by centre of Essex street to South street ; thence by 
centre of South street to Summer street ; thence by centre of Summer 
street, and by a straight line in continuation thereof, to the water on 
the northerly side of Summer street wharf; thence by the water to 
point begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of Summer 
street wharf ; thence by a straight line in continuation of the centre 
of Summer street, and by the centre of Summer street to South street ; 
thence by the centre of South street to Essex street ; thence by the 
centre of Es~ex street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of 
Kingston street to Bedford street ; thence by the centre of Bedford 
street and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street to 
Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Kneeland 
street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street to Sea street ; thenee 
crossing Sea street by a straight line to the water on the southerly side 
of Howe's wharf ; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Box- 
bury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of the Western 
avenue and Beacon street to Bark street ; thence by the centre of Bark 
street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
Warren street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington 
street; thence by the centre of Washington street to West Castle 
street ; thence by the centre of West Castle street to Tremont street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Bailroad Bridge ; thence 
by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Bailroad to the boundary 
line between Boston and Boxbury ; thence by said boundary line to 
the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of Howe's 
wharf; thence by a straight line across Sea street to Kneeland street ; 
thence by the centre of Kneeland to Washington street ; thence across 
Washington street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot street 
to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Warren 



113 



street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington street ; 
thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover street ; thence by 
the centre of Dover street to the water at the northwesterly end of the 
Boston South Bridge; thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 1 1 . — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston and Box- 
bury, on the Boston and Worcester Eailroad ; thence by the centre of 
the Boston and Worcester Eailroad to the Eailroad Bridge ; thence by 
the centre of Tremont street to West Castle street ; thence by the centre 
of AVest Castle street to Washington street ; thence by the centre of 
Washington street to Dover street ; thence by the centre of Dover 
street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston South 
Bridge ; thence by the water to the Boundary line between Boston and 
Boxbury ; thence by said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 12. — All South Boston, including Washington Village recently 
annexed to the City of Boston. 



WAED ROOMS. 

1 Eliot School House, North Bennet street. 

2 School Boom, Paris street, East Boston. 

3 Corner Eriend and Merrimac streets. 

4 City Building, Court square. 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 School House, Eranklin street, corner Theatre alley. 

8 Corner Beach and Kingston streets. 

9 School room, Warren street. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

1 1 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



114 



T A X E S . 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Eeal and Personal Estates in 
the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been as follows : 

1850. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, ----- $105,093,400.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - 74,907,100.00 



Total Valuation, - 180,000,500.00 



At $6.80 per $1,000, is 1,224,003.40 

No. of Polls, 28,018, at $1.50 each, is - - - 42,027.00 



Total Tax for 1850, $1,266,030.40 

Increase over 1849, viz. : 
Property, Real, $2,265,900.00, being 2.203 per cent. 
Personal, 3,355,400.00, 4.981 



Total, $5,820,300.00, being 3.341 per cent. 

Polls decreased, 345, being a loss of 12.233 per cent. 



1851. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, $109,358,500.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, ... - 78,588,500.00 



Total Valuation, ------ 187,947,000.00 



At $7 per $1,000, is 1,315,629.00 

No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - - - 42,667.50 



Total Tax for 1851, $1,358,296.50 

Increase over 1850, viz.: 
Property, Real, $4,265,100.00, being 4.058 per cent. 
Personal, 3,681,400.00, 4.914 



Total, $7,946,500.00, being 4.414 per cent. 
Increase of Polls, 447, 1.524 



115 



1852. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, ..... $110,699,200.00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, ... - 76,980,800.00 



Total Valuation, 187,680,000 00 



At $6.40 per $1,000, is 1,201,152.00 

No. of Polls, 28,9S3, at $1.50 each, is - - - 43,474.50 



Total Tax for 1852, ..... $1,244,626.50 

Increase on Real over 1851, $1,340,700.00 

Decrease on Personal over 1851, 1,607,700.00 



Net decrease, - - $267,000.00 



1853. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, $116,090,900.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, .... 90,423,300.00 



Total Valuation, 206,514,200.00 



At $7.60 per $1,000, is 1,569,507.92 

No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, 44,938.50 



Total Tax for 1852, $1,614,446.42 

Increase over Real Estate, 1852, $5,391,700.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1852, 13,442,500.00 



$18,834,200.00 



116 






1854. 

Valuation of Keal Estate, $127,730,200.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, .... 99,233,000.00 



Total Valuation, 227,013,200.00 



At $9.20 per $1,000, is 2,088,521.44 

No. of Polls, at $1.50 each 46,701.00 



Total Tax for 1854, ..... $2,125,222.44 

Increase over Real Estate, 1853, $11,639,300.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1853, 8,859,700.00 



$20,499,000.00 



1855. 

Valuation of Eeal Estate, $136,351,300.00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, ... - 105,580,900.00 



Total Valuation, ...... $241,932,200.00 



At $7.70 per $1000, is $1,816,877.94 

31,602 Polls, at $1.50 each, .... 47,403.00 



Total Tax for 1855, $1,910,280.94 

Increase over Real Estate, 1854, $8,621,100.00 
Increase over Personal Estate, 1854, 6,297,900.00 



$14,919,000.00 



117 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



184G 

1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 



January 1st, 



Ordinary Debt,* 
Water Debt, 

Consolidated Debt, 



$2,337,188.66 
5,341,961.11 



$1,085,200.00 
1,033,766.00 
1,112,906.00 
1,354,332.00 
1,623,823.00 
1,756,000.00 
1,714,298.44 
1,746,510.39 
1,886,459.55 
2,367,594.21 



$7,679,149.77 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following Table shows the value of the Eeal and Personal 
Estate, with the number of persons assessed from the year 1794, and 
every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Real Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s d 


£ s d 


£ s d 




1794 


602,312 10 00 


824,812 10 00 


1,427,125 


2,953 




DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 


DOLLARS. 




1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


3,600 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5,230 


1809 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


5,772 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6,617 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7,851 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540.000 


49,807,800 


10,980 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13,311 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15,652 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,828,400 


18,151 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24,817 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32,396 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33,183 



118 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 - 43,298 

1830 - 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 - - - 85,000 

1845 - - - -114,366 

1850 -------- 138,788 

1855 160,50S 



Modes and Times of Appointment of the various City 

fleers, as prescribed by the City Ordinances, &c, 

tvhich ivill be in force until the first Monday of 

January, 1857, [vide page 55.] 

City Clerk — in Convention, ... - January. 

Undertakers — Mayor and Aldermen, - - January. 

Trustees of Public Library — Concurrent vote, - January. 

Visitors of Lunatic Hospital — Concurrent vote, January or February. 
Superintendents of Free Bridges — Concurrent 

vote, -•- - - - - - - January or February. 

Engineers of Fire Department — Concurrent vote,. January or February. 
Superintendent of Streets — Concurrent vote, - January or February. 
Superintendent of Health — Concurrent vote, - January or February. 
Fence Viewers, Cullers of Hoops and Staves, 

Field Drivers, Pound Keepers, Inspectors of 

Lime — Concurrent vote, - January or February. 

Officers to complain of Truants, &c. — Mayor and 

Aldermen, ------- January or February. 

Surveyor General of Lumber — Concurrent vote, - February. 

City Begistrar — Concurrent vote, - February or March. 

Newspapers, elected by joint ballot, for City 

Advertising, February or March. 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Concurrent 

vote, March. 

Sealers of "Weights and Measures, Hay Weighers, 

Inspectors of Hay, Measurers of Wood and 

Bark — Mayor and Aldermen, - March or April. 

Inspectors of Ballast and Weighers of Lighters 

— Concurrent vote, March or April. 

Cochituate Water Board — Concurrent vote, - March or April. 



119 



Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Aldermen, - 
Superintendent of Public Buildings — Concurrent 

vote, - - - 

Superintendent of Public Lands — Concurrent 

vote, 

Superintendent of Fire Alarms — Concurrent 

vote, 

Coal Weighers — Board of Aldermen, 
City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, - 
Grain Measurer — Mayor and Aldermen, - 
Overseers of House of Correction — Concurrent 

vote, 

Master of House of Correction — Concurrent vote. 
Directors of House of Industry, &c. — Concurrent 

vote, 

City Treasurer — In Convention, - 
City Auditor — Concurrent vote, - 
City Physician — Concurrent vote, ... 
Port Physician — Concurrent vote, ... 
City Messenger — Concurrent vote, ... 
Chief of Police — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Consulting Physicians — Concurrent vote, - 
Superintendent of Sewers and Drains — Concur- 
rent vote, ------- 

Clerk of Joint Standing and Special Committees, 
City Solicitor — Concurrent vote, - 
Surveyor of Marble — Concurrent vote, 
Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market — Mayor 

and Aldermen, ■ - 

County Physician — Mayor and Aldermen, 
Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - 
City Engineer — Concurrent vote, - 
Water Kegistrar — Concurrent vote, - 
Librarian — Concurrent vote, ... - 
Superintendent of Paneuil Hall — Mayor and 

Aldermen, 



April. 



April 


or May. 


April 


or May. 


April 


or May. 


April 


or May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 




May. 


May 


or June. 


May 


or June. 


May 


or June. 




June. 




June. 




June. 


June 


or July. 




July. 


September. 


September or 


October. 


September or 


October. 




October. 



October. 



120 

OEATOES OF BOSTON. 

Appointed by the Public Authorities. 



ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE, MARCH 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1776. Eev. Peter Thacher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin. Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 

ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE, JULY 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams, 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Bev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Dutton, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Cbanning, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thacher, 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 



121 

1809. William Tudor, -Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

18 1 2. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Erancis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Erancis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1834. Kichard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 
1 8 38 . Bev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary. 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Bussell. 

1852. Bev. Thomas Starr King. 

1853. Timothy Bigelow, Esq. 

1854. Bev. Andrew L. Stone. 

1855. Bev. Alonzo A. Miner. 

_ N. B. — All of the above Orations have been printed with the excep- 
tion of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis Dana Channing, 
and Thomas S. King. 

16 



CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



IK CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THEIE SERVICE, 



INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1856, 



INDEX 



124 



PRELIMINARY REMARKS. 



NOTE. 



The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See Mayors. 



MAYORS. 

The election of Mayor for 1845 was more warmly contested than on 
any former year. There were not less than eight several ballotings 
by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on the 21st of February, Thomas 
A. Davis was elected. * 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, William 
Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chairman of the 
Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of Mayor. 

On the 6 th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining health, 
resigned the office of Mayor, which resignation, however, was not 
accepted by the City Council, and on the 22d of November he died, 
being the first Mayor who has died in office, since the organization of 
the City Government in 1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, Jr., was elected Mayor by 
the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as Chairman 
of the Board in the interval between the death of Mr. Davis and the 
election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1.851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an Alderman 
of the City for 1852, was afterwards chosen Mayor for said year. 

At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, he 
resigned as an Alderman and accepted the office of Mayor. 

The election of Mayor for 1854 was continued through three ballot- 
ings, from December 12, 1853, to January 9, 1854. In the meantime 
the duties of Mayor were performed hy Benjamin L. Allen, Chairman 
of the Board of Aldermen. 



ALDERMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Bussell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re-elected ; 
and Thomas B. Wales and Bedford Webster, elected 1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organization. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — having been chosen one 
of the principal Assessors. 



125 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected an Alder- 
man, died before his qualification. 

At the Municipal Election in 1852, nine Aldermen had a majority 
of ballots ; but, in accordance with the statute, the eight who had the 
highest number of votes were declared elected. 

The Municipal Government, for 1855, was the first one that was 
organized under the new or revised City Charter, which provided for 
the annual election of twelve Aldermen. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not qualify 
himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no provision for 
affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 

Henry D. Gray and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer Howard, Ward 

2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 1828; also, Holmes 
Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined prior to the organization. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

Ezra Eorristall, Ward 6, resigned in May, 1853, and was elected 
Superintendent of Health. 

There have been six successfully contested Elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member from 
Ward 6, on the ground that "closing the poll before the hour at which 
the voters were notified it would be closed was a violation of the rights 
of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members of Ward 

3, who were returned as having been elected at an adjourned meeting, 
December 11, 1834, on the ground of irregular proceeding to render 
the whole number of votes certain by taking the highest number of 
votes for candidates on each opposing ticket ; adjournment of the meet- 
ing by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregularities at the 
annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three members 
of AVard 12, on the ground that a number of illegal voters, sufficient to 
effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three members 
from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned meeting, December 
14, on the ground that four votes for non-resident candidates, (after 



126 



having been first thrown out by the Ward ofiicers,) °were counted at 
the annual election, December 1 2, thereby preventing the choice of two 
other candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, were by the 
decision of the Council declared elected, leaving one vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two members from 
Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned meeting 
which was illegally held. At the subsequent trial the same members 
were again returned to the Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of three members from 
Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at an adjourned meeting 
which was illegally held. 

The seventh, in accordance with the Report of the Committee on 
Elections, vacated the seats of three members from Ward 11, on the 
ground that the Mayor and Aldermen had no right to issue warrants 
for election of members of the Common Council, after the annual 
Election, and before the organization of the Government elect. But 
inasmuch as the elections in question were conducted bona fide, and 
no other informality was apparent, and as this custom of supple- 
mentary elections had been in vogue for twenty years, the members 
thus elected were by the vote of the Common Council declared entitled 
to their seats. The passage of the Plurality Law, of 1854, will remedy 
most of these cases for the future. 

° This fact was admitted, though not stated in the report of the Committee. 



127 



1822 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PHILLIPS. 



ALDEEMEX 



°Samuel Billings, 
-Ephraira Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
-Joseph Head, 



--Joseph Jenkins, 
-Joseph Lovering, 
'-'Nathaniel Pope Eussell 
-Bryant Parrott Tilden. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



-WILLIAM PBESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
°Williani Barry, 
'-'Thaddeus Page, 
Charles Wells, 
Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
°Henry Orne, 
°Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 
-Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
-Samuel Jones. 

Ward 4. 
-Joseph Cooledge, 
-Samuel Perkins, 
'-'Bobert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
°Thomas Kendall, 
'-'Horatio Gates Ware, 
Isaac Winslow. 

Ward 6. 
°Samuel Ajrpleton, 
Thomas Motley, 
Jesse Shaw, 
•William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
'-'Jonathan Amory, 
'-Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
^Augustus Peabody, 
°Enoeh Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
°David Watts Bradlee, 
°Peter Chardon Brooks, 
°James Perkins, 
°Benjamin Eussell. 

Ward 9. 
'-Jonathan Davis, 
'-'Hawkes Lincoln, 
°William Prescott, 
°John Welles. 

Ward 10. 
'-Andrew Drake, 
°Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
°David Collson Moseley, 
c Tsaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 
-George Watson Brimmer, 
°Asa Bullard, 
-Barzillai Holmes, 
'-Winslow Lewis. 
Ward 12. 
°Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 
'-John Howe, 
Moses Williams, 



128 



18 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



^Daniel Baxter, 
'George Ocliorne, 
David Weld Child, 
•Joseph Hawley Dorr, 



••-Ashur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 
°Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

-JOHN WELLES, President, 



Ward 1. 
°Thaddeus Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
°John Eliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
°Joseph Stodder, 
°John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
°Theodore Dexter, 
Samuel Jones, 
°John Kichardson Adan, 
°John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
-Joseph Cooledge, 
°Samuel Perkins, 
°Bobert Gould Shaw, 
• -Henry Earn am. 

Ward 5. 
-Thomas Kendall, 
Isaac Winslow, 
Elias Haskell, 
°John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
°Joel Prouty, 
°John Stevens, 
William Wright. 



Ward 7. 
^-Jonathan Amory, 
: -Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
°Benjamin Bussell, 
James Savage, 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
°Jonathan Davis, 
°Hawkes Lincoln, 
c John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
:; David Erancis, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
•■-Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
°Asa Bullard, 
-Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
-Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
c \N~oah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



129 



1824. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



^Daniel Baxter, 

-George Odiorne, 
:i David Weld Child, 
-Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
Ashur Benjamin, 



Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

°Stephen Hooper, (died Sep- 
tember,) 
°Cjrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
°John Elliott, 
Joseph Wheeler, 
Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2. 
-William Little, jr. 
°01iver Beed, 
^Joseph Stone, 
°Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
°John Bichardson Adan, 
°John Daniarisque Dyer, 
Edward Page, 
William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
°Joseph Cooledge, 
°Bobert Gould Shaw, 
°Jercmiah Fitch, 
Wm. Bounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 
Elias Haskell, 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
George Washington Otis, 
Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
°Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 

17 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
c William Goddard, 
°Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
^Benjamin Bussell, 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
-Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
°Jonathan Davis, 
°Hawkes Lincoln, 
John Ballard, 
John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
°Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward 11. 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
°Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 
Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
°Isaac Thorn, 
Charles Bemis. 



130 



182 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



^Daniel Carney, 
°John Bellows, 
:::;! Josiali Marshall, 
<;! John Daruariscpie Dyer, 



°Thonias Welsh, jr., 
°George Blake, 
°Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FEANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
°John Elliot, 
°Bobert Fennelley, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
°01iver Beed, 
°Scammel Penniman, 
?;;: Benjamin Clark, 
°John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
°John Bichardson Adan, 
°Thomas Wells, 
-Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
c Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Bounsville Pierce Washburn, 
°George Hallett, 
°Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
■John Sullivan Perkins, 
Ezra Dyer, 
°Charles Tracy, 
°Williain Simonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
°Isaac Waters, 
-Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
-William Goddard, 
Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
-Benjamin Willis, 
Jeffrey Bichardson, 
Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray. 
Franklin Dexter, 
°Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
°Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
James Savage, 
°Jonathan Simonds, 
John Parker Bice. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Frothingham, 
°Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
°Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
°John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
c 01iver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 



131 



1826 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



;; Daniel Carney, 
-John Bellows, 
•Josiah Marshall, 
;; Thomas Welsh, jr., 



°Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 
°Edw. Hutchinson Bobbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



-JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
°Scammel Penniman. 
c Benjamin Clark, 
°John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
"John Eichardson Adan, 
°William Sprague, 
Amos Farnsworth, 
Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 
C: George Hallett, 
'•'William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
Ezra Dyer, 
-•Charles Tracy, 
::;? Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
c Tsaac Waters, 
°Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
'••Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
°Joseph Hawley Dorr. 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
Jerenriah Smith Boies, 
°Levi Meriam. 
Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Eice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
°Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
°Joshua Vose, 
Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
°John Stevens, 
Adam Bent, 
°01iver Fisher, 
Henry Hatch. 



132 



182 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN 



°Cyrus Alger, 
"John Bellows, 
c? Thomas Welsh, jr. 

Jolm Foster Lor in 2', 



"Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
°Bobert Fennelly, 
-Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN RICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Barry, 
Simon AVilkinson, 
:; John Elliot, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
^Benjamin Clark, 
°Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
:: John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
°John Bichardson Adan, 
•John Daraarisque Dyer, 
Asa Adams, 
Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Bounsville Pierce Washburn, 
- George Hallett, 
-William Howe, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
i; Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 
-George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
°Isaac Waters, 
c Samuel Thaxter, 
"Jonathan Loring 
-Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 
°Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 
'•John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 
"David Watts Bradlee, 
°Benjamin Bussell, 
"Eliphalet Williams, 
Joshua Sears. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
°Levi Meriam, 
"Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Preseott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 
"Jonathan Simonds, 
George Brinley, 
William Parker, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 11. 
••Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, jr., 
°Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 
-William Little, jr., 
"George Gay. 



133 



1828 



John Foster Loring, 
°Kobert Fennelly, 
James Savage, 
■Thomas Kendall, 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 

ALDERMEN, 

°James Hall, 
Phineas Upham, 
°Jobn Pickering, 
^Samuel Turell Armstrong. 

COMMON COUNCIL, 



-JOHN BICHABDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

Samuel Aspinwall, 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
°Horace Fox, 
°Eleazer Pratt. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
°Henry Fowle, jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
°John Eichardson Adan, 
°John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 
Thomas Gould, 
°Levi Koberts Lincoln, 
:;? James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, jr., 
°Janies Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 
°George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
°Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
°Ebenezer Appleton, 
°David Moody. 



Ward 7. 
-John Arno Bacon, 
:: John Belknap, 

°Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward, (res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
c Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
°Benjamin Bussell, 
-Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
°Norraan Seaver, 
°Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
"Jonathan Simonds, 
William Parker, 

Kobert Treat Paine, (from May.) 
°John Lowell, jr., 
George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
°Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner. 
•Perez Gill, 
°Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Cary, 
Walter Cornell, 
Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



134 



1829 



MAYOR, 

-HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN, 



°Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
••'Thomas Kendall, 
a James Hall, 



"Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
-Benjamin Russell, 
-Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

-ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
Ninian Clark Betton, 
-Eleazer Pratt, 
John Wells, 
••-Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Henry Sewall Kent, 
Samuel Ellis, 

-'Thomas Keed, (died February.) 
•-Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
--Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 
-Jonathan Thaxter, 
William Parker, 
°George Lane, 
Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
--Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
"Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
"Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
--Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Walter Frost, 
Isaac Danforth, (from May,) 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Samuel King Williams, 
°Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
-Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
:;i Daniel Lewis Gibbens. • 

Ward 10. 
-Jonathan Simonds, 
--John Lowell, jr., 
--Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
°Otis Everett, 
Otis Turner, 
°Perez Gill, 
°Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
:::; 01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
-Isaac Parker Townsend. 



135 



1830 



MAYOR, 

HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



Ci Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
°Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
-Benjamin Bussell, 



°Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
°John Burbcck McClcary, 
Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

-BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICRMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

Ninian Clark Betton, 
°Eleazer Pratt, 
"'Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Bobinson. 

Ward 2. . 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 
°Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
°Levi Koberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
John Bayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward G. 
°Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated in 
Eebruary.) 



Ward 7. 
°Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
°Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
°Joseph Beynolds Newell, 
°Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigclow, 
"Jacob Amee, 
Levi Brigham, 
°Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
c John Parker Bice, 
c John Lowell, jr., 
°Sanmel Leonard Abbott, 
°Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
°Otis Everett, 
•Perez Gill, 
°Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
°Thoraas Melville Vinson, 
°James Wright. 



136 



1. 



MAYOR, 

HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



-Henry Jackson Oliver, 
-Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
°Benjamin Eussell, 
c John Burbeck McCleary. 



: Henry Farnam, 
Adam Bent, 
°John Binney, 
°Bichard Devens Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Bobinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
°Daniel Ballard, 
°Ephraim Milton, 
°Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
°Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Bayner, 

Washiiigton Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Barker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Lei eh ton. 

" Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
°Isaac Waters, 
°Ensign Sargeant, 
Stephen Titcomb. 



Ward 7. 
-Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
°Abbott Lawrence. 

Ward 8. 
°Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Bichardson, 
'"Joseph Beynolds Newell, 
°Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
°Jacob Amee, 

c Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
°Ed. Hutchinson Bobbins. 

Ward 10. 
°Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
°Levi Bliss, 
°Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 
°Otis Everett, 
°Perez Gill, 
°Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, jr., 
•-Thomas Melville Vinson, 
•John Stevens. 



137 



1832 



MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN, 



°Henry Jackson Oliver, 
°Benjaniin Bussell, 
°John Burbeck McCleary, 
°Henry Farnam, 
°Jolin Binney, 



°Eich'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 
°Jabez Ellis, 
°James Bowdoin, 
c;:= John Stevens, (died.) 
°Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Bobinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
'•'Bill Bichardson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
°Ephraim Milton, 
°Daniel Dickenson, 
John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
°Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
°George Hallett, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
John Eayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
°Isaac Waters, 
Jonathan Porter, 
°Grrenville Temple Winthrop. 

18 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Bice. 

Ward 8. 
°Thomas Minns, 
Bichard Hildreth, 
James Brown, 
John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
°Jacob Amee, 

°Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
°Ed. Hutchinson Bobbins. 

Ward 10. 
°Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, jr., 
John Collamore, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
°Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, jr.. 



138 



1833. 



MAYOR, 

CHAELES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Farnam, 
-John Binney, 
-Jabez Ellis, 
-William Tileston, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
° Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Eevere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



JOHN PKESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Bobinson, 
°Bill Bichardson, 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
°Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Briest Thomas. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
°Samuel Chessman, 
Bhilip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
°Bobert Gould Shaw, 
Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
°Silas Fierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
Charles Leighton, 
°Abel Phelps, 
°Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
°Isaac Waters, 
°Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
Luther Parks. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Bice, 

William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
°Silas Bullard, 
Francis Osborn Watts, 
°Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
°Jacob Amee, 

°Ed. Goldsborough Brescott, 
°01iver Wm. Bourne Beabody. 

Ward 10. 
Josiah Pierce, 
°Daniel Messinger, 
-Israel Martin, 
Thomas Bichards Dascomb. 

Ward 11. 
Bobert Treat Baine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, jr., 
°Buel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



139 



1834. 



MAYOR, 

THEODOKE LYMAN, Jr. 

ALDERMEN , 



c Jabez Ellis, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
°Saruuel Eales, 
Charles Leighton. 



Josiah Dunham, 
°Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel G-reele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Eobert Keith, 
°Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
°Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
°Simon Green Shipley, 
Joshua Sears, 
°Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
-Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
°Michael Eoulstone, 
Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 
°Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
c Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
George Washington Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Bice, 

William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Kichardson, 
Henry Sargent, 
°Edward Cruft, jr. 

Ward 9. 
°Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
°01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Isaac McLellan, jr. 

Ward 10. 
°Daniel Messinger, 
°Israel Martin, 
Thomas Kichards Dascomb, 
'••William Beed. 

Ward 11. 
Eobert Treat Paine, 
°Euel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



140 



18 



MAYOR, 

THEODOEE LYMAN, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



°Winslow Lewis, 
°John Burbeck McCleary, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Charles Leighton, 



Josiah Dunham, 
°Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Kobert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
°Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas Hollis. 

Ward 3. 
"John Snelling, 
°Simon Green Shipley, 
°William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
°Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
"Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
'••Jonathan Chapman, 
°Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
°Edward Cruft, jr., 
••Ebenezer Bailey, 
°Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 
°Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
Zebedee Cook, jr., 
-James Harris. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
c Tsrael Martin, 
Bichard Sullivan Fay. 
°Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
°Buel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
°John Thompson. 
Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, jr., 
°John Bliss Stebbins. 



141 



1836 



MAYOR, 

'SAMUEL TUKELL AEMSTKONG. 



ALDERMEN 



°Winslow Lewis, 
::; John Burbeck McCleary, 
Josiah Dunham, 
°Nathan Gurney, 



Samuel Greele, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 
Thomas Hunting, 
°Samuel Quincy. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
-Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thacher Bich Baymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
°Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 

Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
"Isaac Waters, 
^Jonathan Chapman, 
°Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
°Horace Dupee, 
-William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
°Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Ap thorp Gould, 
=:;: James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
°Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
°Jedediah Tuttle, 
°Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
Stephen Child, 
°George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 



142 



1837. 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



; Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
-Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
°Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Kichardson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MAKRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

--Eleazer Pratt, 

Isaac Harris, 

-Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 

Thomas Hudson, 

Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Eaymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
°Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 
°Isaac Waters, 
George Washington Bazin, 
°Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
• ; Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
°Horace Dupee, 
°William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
c James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amopy, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 
Solomon Piper, 
°Jedediah Tuttle, 
°Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
oThomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
°George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



143 



1838 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



°Henry Farnani, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
°Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
°Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MAERETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
°Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 
°Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselvn, 
Thatcher Bich Baymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Bowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Erancis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
°James McAllaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
°Jonathan Chapman, 
°Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
°Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Eichardson, 
John Brooks Parker, 
°Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 
°James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
°John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
°Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
°Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



144 



1839. 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN, 



•Henry Farnam, 
Thomas Wetniore, 
°Nathan Gurney, 
Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Eichardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
°Janies Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
Jchn B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Bichard Brackett, 
Freeborn Bairfield Baymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
-John Snelling, 
°Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
°James McAllaster, 
°William Vinal Kent, 
Ephraim Larkin Snow. 

Ward 6. 
c Jonathan Chapman, 
°Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Barker, 
Bhilip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Barker, 
°Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Barrott, 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Breston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon French Thayer, 
°Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, Jr., 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, Jr., 
'-John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Curell Amee, 
'"Nicholas Noyes, 
George Bage, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



145 



1840. 



MAYOR, 

JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN 



"Nathaniel Pope Eussell, 
"Nathan Gurney, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 



Charles Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MAERETT, President, 



Ward 1. 
Zehina Lee Eaymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Eussell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Eichard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Eaymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
°Simon Green Shipley, 
°Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Eollett. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington, 
Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 
°Philip Greely, jr., 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
°William Vinal Kent, 
George Washington Otis, jr. 

Ward 6. 
°Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, jr. 

19 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Eichardson, 
°Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
°Euel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
George William Phillips, 
Daniel Kimball. 

Ward 11. 
°John Stevens, 
Holmes Hinckley, 
°George Savage, 
John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 



14G 



1841 



MAYOR, 

"JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas "Wetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. , 

Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Bichard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Baymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
°Simon Green Shipley, 
°Jacob Stearns, 
°Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, jr., 
Pelham Bonney, 
Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Meriam. 

Ward 6. 
°Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res. April.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. Neale Howe, jr., (from July.) 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healey, 
Theophilus Bogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
°Eliphalet Williams, 
Benjamin Parker Bichardson, 
-"Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
°Moses Whitney, jr. 

Ward 10. 
°Buel Baker, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Daniel Kimball, 
Luther Blodgett. 

Ward 11. 
John Gardner Nazro, 
Bichard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Boberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
°Scriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



147 



1842. 



MAYOR, 

-JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
°Nathan Gurney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



William Parker, 
° Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Kichard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWAKD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
°Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pol J arch 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
--Simon Green Shipley, 
Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Erancis Boardman Crowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelhani Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Kipley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 
°Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
"William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
°Moses Whitney, jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 
John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
John Tillson. 
Caleb Thurston. 



14S 



1 84 



MAYOR, 

MARTIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



Eichard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowlc, (seat vac. Feb.) 
°J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., (Feb.) 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 
Aaron Adams, 
°Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
°Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, jr., 
°Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Kogers Marvin, 
John Slade, jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Bichardson, 
-William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
°John Eice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

. Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Eobert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Eben Jackson, 
°John Tillson, 
: Eomanus Emerson. 



149 



1844 



MAYOR, 

-MARTIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetruore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



Simon Wiggin Bobinson, 
Henry Bromfield Eogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

1\ illiam Henry Learnard, 
°Job Tinmer, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
° Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
°Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 
°Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 
°Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
°B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
°Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Bichardson, 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutto'n, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

Grcenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



150 



1845. 



MAYOR, 

-THOMAS A. DAVIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 

ALDERMEN, 



Benson Leavitt, 
William Parker, (resigned.) 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 
Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 



°Simon Green Shipley, 
°Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Lyman Keed, 
James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William B. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
°John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
°Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
^Benjamin Seaver, 
George B. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
°Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



Ward 7. 
°Simon Davis Leaver^, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
°Josepk Bracllee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 1 1. 
Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 
Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



151 



184 6 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 

ALDERMEN, 

Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
°Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEOEGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. .Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
°John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
°John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Koss. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
-Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
°Benjamin Seaver, 
George B. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Otis Clapp, 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward 7. 
°Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward. 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Erothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams-, 
John W. Crafts. 



152 



1847 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmorc, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



-Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins 
Billings Briggs. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 

(Resigned July 1.) 

-BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen July 1.) 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
c John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
George Carlisle, 
°William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
°George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
°Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 
°George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
■Kichard B. Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Bogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whitteraore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George B. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, jr., 
Samuel Wales, jr. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



18 4 8. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Eogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



John H. Wilkjns, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



-BENJAMIN 

Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, jr., 
Noah Lincoln, jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned.) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Baymond, 
Henry Davis, 
-William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
°Benjaniin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
°Philip Greely, jr., 
Francis Brown, 
William D. Coolidge, 
-■George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
°Kichard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 

20 



SEAVEE, President. 

Ward 7. 
Theophilus Sogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 



Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
George B. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 



154 



1849 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT B1GELOW. 



Henry Bromfield Eogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

Billings Briggf, 
John P. Ober, 
Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

-BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Eaymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
°Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Bobert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
-Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
°Bichard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Eogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Eichard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George E. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Eeuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
°Manlius S. Clarke, 
George William McLellan, 
-Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Eichards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiab Dunham, jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



155 



1850. 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PEESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry B. Eogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FEANCIS BELNLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
"William Parkman, 
John Cushing. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn F. Baymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blancbard, 
°Einery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Eobert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford, 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, Jr., 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, Jr., 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Eeuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 
George William McLellan, 
°Manlius S. Clarke, 
-Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Eichards. 
Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



156 



1851 



MAYOK, 

JOHN PKESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Eogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Cushing, 
James G-. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
°James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Bichard Shackford. 

Ward 8. 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bosworth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Bichards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Beed. 

Ward 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
-Albert T. Minot,' 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



157 



185 



MAYOR, 

BENJAMIN SEAVER. 



ALDERMEN 



John Plummer Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Eeed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



°Lyraan Perry, 
Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Thomas Phillips Bich, 
Isaac Cary. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George AVilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
°James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Boby, 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Bayner. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Koberts. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Erederick H. Stimpson. 



Ward 7. 
David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H- Eldredge, 
Earnham Plummer. 

'Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson. 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, Jr. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John E. Banister. 

Ward 11. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
°David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel B. Spinney. 



158 



18 3. 

MAYOR, 

^BENJAMIN SEAVEB. 



ALDERMEN, 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Eeed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas Phillips Eich, 



Isaac Cary, 
James Whiting, 
Benjamin Franklin White, 
Oliver Frost. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner. 

Ward 2. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Benjamin F. Bussell. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Koby, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Charles Dupee. 

Ward 4. 
Henry J. Gardner, 
John J. Bayner, 
William F. Goodwin, 
Martin L. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Boberts, 
"Tsrael C. Bice, 
Matthew Binney. 

Ward 6. 
Paul Adams, 

Ezra Forristall, (resigned in May,) 
Francis B. Winter, 
Henry F. Durant, 
William Washburn, (from May,) 



Ward 7. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
William Burrage. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 

Ward 9. 
Peter C. Jones, 
Thacher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French. 

Ward 10. 
John F. Bannister, 
Bobert Cowdin, 
Samuel J. M. Homer, 
Joel Bichards. 

Ward 11. 
Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander H. Bice, 
Stephen Til ton, Jr., 
Gardner P. Drury, (res. in Feb.) 
John A. Cummings, (from Feb.) 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
William S. Thacher, 
James F. Whittemore. 



159 



1854. 



MAYOR, 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDERMEN 



Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Oliver Frost, (res. May) 
John Thomas Dingley, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
William Washburn, 



Tisdale Drake, 

George Frederick Williams, 

George Odiorne, 

Abel B. Munroe, (from May.) 



COMMON COUNCIL 



ALEXANDER 

Ward 1. 

Charles T. Woodman, 

Timothy C. Kendall, 

William P. Howard, 

John Davis. 

Ward 2. 

Daniel D. Kelly, 

Morrill Cole, 

Watson G. Mayo, 

Ebenezer Atkins. 

Ward 3. 
Charles Dupee, 

Mical Tubbs. 
Caleb S. Johnson, 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 
Ward 4. 
Martin L. Hall, 
William F. Goodwin, 
George W. Messinger, 
John M. Clark. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George W. Chipman, 
Levi Bolles, 
Daniel Warren. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Hiram Simmons, 
Ebenezer Johnson. 



HAMILTON KICE, President. 

Ward 7. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
David Whiton. 

Ward S. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles 0. Bogers. 

Ward 9. 
John Odin, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Thacher Beal, 
J. W. T. Stodder. 

Ward 10. 
Bobert Cowdin, 
David Bryant, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
John B. Mullin. 

Ward 11. 
Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Alexander H. Bice, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Charles Mayo. 

Ward 12. 
• Charles C. Conley, 
James F. Whittemore, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Edward H. Brainarcl. 



160 



MAYOR, 

JEEOME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDERMEN 



Josiah Dunham, jr., 
William Washburn, 
Bobert Cowdin, 
Tamuel Topliff, 
Shomas Sprague, 
Joseph Lawrence Drew, 
Charles Todd Woodman, 



John Morehead Clark, (res. June,) 
Salma Elger Gould, 
Charles Woodberry, 
Albion Keith Parris Joy, 
Benjamin Franklin Cooke, 
George Washington MessiDgcr, 
(from June.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSEPH STORY, President. 



Ward 1. 
William P. Howard, 
William Marble, 
Samuel P. Whitman, 
George D. Picker. 

Ward 2. 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Austin Gove, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward P. Porter. 

Ward 3. 
Samuel Jepson, 
Jonathan B. Severance, 
William H. Lounsbury, 
Edward W. Hincks. 

Ward 4. 
Eobert I. Burbank, 
Charles B. Farley, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, 
Jerome W. Tyler. 

Ward 5. 
George W. Chipman, 
Joseph Story, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
AVilliam G. Harris. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
George W. Learnard, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
Alvin Vinal. 



Ward 7. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
Hales W. Suter. 

Ward 8. 
Charles 0. Eogers, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
Frederick L. Washburn. 

Ward 9. 
Jonas H. French, 
John W. T. Stodder, 
Charles Nowell, 
William B. Merrill. 

Ward 10. 
Hezekiah Prince, 
William A. Bell, 
Samuel W. Eopes, 
Charles S. Burgess. 

Ward 11. 
Charles Mayo, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Eben Tarbell, 
Jairus A. Frost. 

Ward 12. 
Edward H. Brainard, 
George S. Dexter, 
Daniel Hall, 
Jedediah P. Bean. 



INDEX. 



ALDERMEN 



\The figures indicate the number of years of service^ 



A 

Alger, Cyrus 2 

Allen, Benjamin L. 2 

Amory, Charles 2 

Andrews, William T. 2 
Armstrong, Samuel T. 4 

Ayer, J. Cullen 1 

B 

Baxter, Daniel 2 

Bellows, John 3 

Benjamin, Asher 2 

Bent, Adam 1 

Billings, Samuel 1 

Binney, John 3 

Blake, George 1 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 1 

Bonney, Felhani 1 

Bowdoin, James 1 

Brewster, Osmyn 1 

Briggs, Billings 5 

Brimmer, Martin 1 

Bryant, John 1 

C 

Calrow, William H. 1 

Carney, Daniel 2 

Cary, Isaac 2 

Cheever, James 1 

Child, David W. 2 

Clark, Calvin W. 1 

Clark, James 2 

Clark, John M. 1 

Codman Robert 1 

Cooke, Benjamin F. 1 

Cowdin, Robert 1 

Crane, Larra 2 

D 

Dingley, John T. 2 

Dorr, Joseph H. 2 

Drake, Tisdale 1 

Drew, Joseph L. 1 

Dunham, Josiah 3 

Dunham, Josiah, Jr. 2 

Dyer, John D. 1 

E 

Eddy, Caleb 2 

Eliot, Ephraim 1 



Eliot, Samuel A. 
Ellis, Jabez 

F 

Fales, Samuel 
Farnum, Henry 
Fennelly, Robert 
Fiske, Benjamin 
Frost, Oliver 

G 
Gould, Frederick 
Gould, Salma E. 
Grant, Moses 
Greele, Samuel 
Gurney, Nathan 

H 

Hall, Jacob 
Hall, James 
Hall, Samuel 
Harris, Isaac 
Harris, James 
Harris, Richard D. 
Hathaway, John 
Hayward, Joseph H. 
Head, George E. 
Head, Joseph 
Holbrook, Henry M. 
Hooper, Stephen 
Hunting, Thomas 



Jackson, Eben 
Jackson, Francis 
James, Benjamin 
Jenkins, Joseph 
Jones, Thomas 
Joy, Albion K. P. 

K 

Kendall, Thomas 
Kendall, Timothy C. 
Kimball, Moses 



Leavitt, Benson 
Leighton, Charles 
Lewis, Winslow 



Longley, James 3 

Loring, John F. 5 

Lovering, Joseph 1 

Lowe, Abraham T. 5 

M 

Marshall, Josiah 2 

McCleary, John B. 5 

Meriam, Levi B. 1 

Messinger, Geo. W. 1 

Munroe, Abel B. 1 



Ober, John P. 3 

Odiorne, George 2 
Odiorne, George (1851) 1 

Oliver, Henry J. 6 



Parker, William 5 

Patterson, Enoch 2 

Perkins, James 1 

Perkins, Samuel S. 3 

Perry, Lyman 1 

Pickering, John 1 

Piper, Solomon 1 

Plummer, Farnham 1 

Pope, William 4 

Preston, Jonathan 3 

Q 

Quincy, Samuel 2 

R 

Reed, Lyman 1 

Reed, Sampson 2 

Revere, Joseph W. 1 

Rich, Otis 1 

Rich, Thomas P. 2 

Richardson, Thomas 3 

Robbins, Edward H. 1 

Robinson, Simon W. 1 

Rogers, Henry B. 5 

Russell, Benjamin 4 

Russell, Nathaniel P. 2 

S 

Savage, James 2 

Savage, James S. 1 

Stedman, Josiah 1 



162 



INDEX 



Stevens, John. See Note. 
Shipley, Pinion G. 1 

Sleeper, Jacob 2 

Smith, Benjamin 1 

Sprague, Thomas 1 



Tilden, Bryant P. 
Tilden, Joseph 
Tileston, William 
Topliff, Samuel 
Torrey, George W. 



Upham, Phineas 1 

Urann, Richard 2 

W 

Wales, Thomas B. 1 

Washburn, William 2 
Webster, Redford. See N. 

Wells, Charles 2 

Wells, Charles A. 1 

Wells, John B. 1 

Welsh, Thomas, jr. 3 



Wetmore, Thomas 11 

White, Benjamin F. 1 

Whiting, James 1 

Wilkins, Charles 2 

Wilkins, John H. 3 

Wilkinson, Simon 2 

Williams, George F. 1 

Williams, Moses 1 

Woodberry, Charles 1 

Woodman, Charles T. 1 



COMMON COUNCIL 



[Tlie references, are to Wards.'] 



Abbott, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W. 5 

Abbott, Samuel L. 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George W. 7 

Adams, Joseph T. 4 

Adams, Paul 6 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John R. 3 

Albertson, William S. 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Allen, James B. 2 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C. 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C. 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 
Appleton, Benjamin B. 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Appleton, Samuel 6 

Appleton, Samuel A. 7 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, Ebenezer 2 

Atkins, John 4 
Austin, Elbridge G. 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, jr. 6 

Ayer, Joseph C. 2 



B 

Bacon, John A. 
Bailey, Ebenezer, 



7 
8, 10 



Bailey, Edwin C. 3 

Baker, John 8 
Baker, Ruel 10, 11 

Baldwin, Aaron 10 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Banister, John F. 10 

Barnard, Charles 10 

Barry, William 1 

Bartlett, Daniel, jr. 1 

Bartlett, Levi 7 

Bassett, Francis S 

Bassett, Joseph 1 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Bates, Martin 2 

Battles, Jason D. 3 

Bazin, George W. 6 

Beal, Benjamin 5 

Beal, Thacher 9 

Bean, Aaron H. 10 

Bean, Jedediah P. 12 

Belknap, John 7 

Bell, William A. 10 

Bemis, Charles 12 

Bent, Adam 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betton, Ninian C. 1 

Bigelow, George T. 7 

Bigelow, John P. 9 

Bigelow, Lucius A. 3 

Binney, Matthew 5 

Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, Abra'm W. 5 



Blanchard, Geo. D. B. 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boardman, Charles 5 

Boies, Jeremiah S. 9 

Boles, John 3 

Boles, Levi 5 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Bowker, John H. 1 

Boyd, John P. 2 

Boynton James 1 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. 3 

Bradford, Gamaliel 9 

Bradford, Rufus B. 7 
Bradford, W. B. See Note. 

Bradlee, David W. 8 

Bradlee, John R. 9 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Josiah P. 7 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradley, Joseph, 3 
Brainard, Edward H. 12 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed Horace A. 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel S 

Brewer, Thomas 11 

Brigham, Bengali 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, George W. 11 
Brinley, Francis jr. 9,10,7 



INDEX 



163 



Brinley, George 10 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C. 8 

Brooks, William G. 7 

Brown, Asa 12 

Brown, Charles 6 

Brown, Charles H. 9 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryant, David 10 

Bryent, Walter 9 

Buckley, Joseph 8 

Bullard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Bullard, Silas 8 

Burbank, Robert I. 4 
Burchstead, Benjamin 8 

Burgess, Charles S. 10 

Burnham, Andrew 2 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Burrage, William 7 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

C. 

Callender, Bichard 9 

Calrow,-Wm. H. 2 

Carlisle, George 12 

Carnes, William R. 2 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Richard B. 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Alpheus 12 

Cary, Isaac 11 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W. 6 

Chapin, David 7, 8 

Chapman, Jonathan 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Chipman, George W. 5 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W. 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clark, John M. 4 

Clarke, Manlius S. 11 

Coburn, Daniel J. 5 

Coffin, George W. 5 

Coffin, Nath'l W. 7 

Cofran, George 3 

Cole, Morrill 2 

Collamore, John, jr. 10 

Coney, Jabez, 12 

Conley, Charles C. 12 

Cook, Charles E. 9 

Cook, Zebedee, jr. 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 

Coolidge, William D. 5 

Copeland, Elisha, jr. 11 

Cornell, Walter 12 



Cowdin, Robert 11, 10 

Crafts, John W. 12 

Cragin, Daniel 7 

Cragin, Lorenzo S. 4 

Crane, Horatio N. 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D. 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W. 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crosby, Sumner 12 

Crowninshield, F. B. 4 

Cruft, Edward, jr. 8 
Cumings, B. N. 1, 11 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummings, John A. 11 

Cunningham, A. jr. 4 

Cunningham, N. F. 5 

Curtis, Charles P. 7 

Curtis, Thomas B. 4, 7 

Gushing, Henry W. 9 

Cushing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Ammi 4 

Cutter, Samuel L. 1 

D 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Dall, William 11 

Dalton, Henry L. 1 

Danforth, Isaac 7 

Dascomb, Thomas R. 10 

Davis, George 11 

Davis, Henry 2 

Davis, J. Amory 6 

Davis, John 1 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Demerest, Samuel C. 12 

Demond, Charles 8 

Denison, James 10 

Denny, Daniel 8 

Derby, Elias H. 7 

Dexter, Franklin 9 

Dexter, George S. 12 

Dexter, John B. jr. 7, 8 

Dexter, Theodore 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillaway, William 1 

Dimmock, John L. 8 
Dingley, John T. 11, 12 

Dodd, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 11 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H. 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B. 12 

Dorrance, Oliver B. 8 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 9 

Dresser, Jacob A. 4 



Drew, Joseph L. 9 

Dudley, James H. 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 

Dunham, Josiah, jr. 12 

Dunnels, Amos A. 2 

Dupee, Charles 3 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Durant, Henry F. 6 

Dutton, Henry W. 10 

Dyer, Ezra 5 

Dyer, John D. 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 



E 



1, 



Eaton, William 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, Yv'illiam G. 8 
Edmands, George W. 5 

Edwards, Henry, G, 7 
Eldredge, Edward H. 7 

Elliot, John 1 

Ellis, Ebenezer 5 

Ellis, Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Romanus 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, John L. 10 

Emmons, Joshua 3 
Erving, Edward S. 11,9 

Eustis, William T. 4, 7 

Eveleth, Joseph 4, 5 

Everett, Otis 11 

F 

Farley, Charles B. 4 

Farnsworth, Amos 3 

Farnsworth, Ezra 6 

Farnam, Henry 4 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Faxon, Nathaniel 2 

Fay, Richard S. 10 

Felt, George W. 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenno, John 2 
Fessenden, Benjamin 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard N. 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Fletcher, Henry W. 12 

Flint, Joshua B. 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Follett, Dexter 3 

Ford, Wm. C. 4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 
Foster, William. See Note. 

Fowle, Henry, jr. 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B. 1 



164 



INDEX 



Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Charles 1 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H. 9 

Frost, Jairus A. 11 

Frost, Oliver 1 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, G. W. 11 

Frothingham, Samuel 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. 3 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D. 2 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardner, Henry J. 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 
Gibbens, Daniel L. 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr. 11 

Gilbert, Sylvester P. 8 

Gill, Perez 11 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Goodwin, William F. 4 

Gordon, George W. 4 

Gore, Christopher 1 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gould, Benjamin A. 9 
Gould, Frederick 1, 2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Gove, Austin 2 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D. 1 

Gray, John C. 9 

Greely, Philip, jr. 5 
Green, John, jr. 11, 12 

Greenough, Wm. W. 4 

Gregg, Washington P. 4 
Grosvenor, L. P. 1, 4 

Guild, Samuel E. 11 

H. 

Hale, Theodore P. 11 

Hall, Andrew T. 9 

Hall, Daniel 12 

Hall, Martin L. 4 

Hall, Samuel W. 4 

Hallet, George 4 

Hamblen, David 11 

Hammond, Nathaniel 5 

Harding, Wm. B. 12 

Harlow, Ezra 12 

Harrington, W. A. 8 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, jr. 12 

Harris, Leach 8 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Harris, William G. 5 

Harrod, Noah 2 



Hartshorn, E. P. 5 

Haskell, Daniel N. 7, 8 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B. 5 

Haskell, William 0. 3 
Hastings, Edmund T. 5 

Hastings, Joseph S. 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Hatch, Samuel 7 

Haughton, James 4 

Haven, Calvin W. 11 

Haviland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hayden, William 10 

Hayward, Ebenezer 12 

Hayward, James 8 

Ilealy, John P. 7 

Hennessey, Edward 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hillard, George S. 6 

Hinckley, Holmes 11 

Hinds, Calvin P. 8 

Hinks, Edward W. 3 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T. 7 

Hobbs, John W. F. 11 

Holden, Joel M. 1 

Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 11 
Homer, Samuel J. M. 10 

Hooper, Henry N. 1 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hovey, James G. 1 

Howard, Charles 11 
Howard, Eleazer. See note 

Howard, William H. 12 

Howard, William P. 1 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N. 12 

Howe, Joseph N. jr. 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins, Ezra C. 7 

J* 

Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T. 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W. 2, 4 

Jenkins, Joshua 12 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jepson, Samuel 3 

Jewell, Harvey 5, 4 

Jewett, Darwin E. 4 

Johnson, Caleb S. 3 

Johnson, Ebenezer 6 

Johnson, George W. 2 

Jones, Eliphalet 5 



Jones, George S. 


6 


Jones, Isaac 


12 


Jones, Josiah M. 


8 


Jones, Peter C. 


9 


Jones, Samuel 


3 


Jones, Thomas 


12 


Josselyn, F. M. jr. 


12 


Josselyn, Lewis 


2 


K 




Keith, Robert 


1 


Kelly, Daniel D. 


2 


Kendall, Ezekiel 


5 


Kendall, Thomas 


5 


Kendall, Timothy C. 


1,3 


Kent, Henry S. 


2 


Kent, William V. 


5 


Kimball, Benjamin 


3 


Kimball, Daniel 


10 


Kimball, Moses 


10 


Kimball, Otis 


10 


Kinsman, H. W. 


11 


Krueger, William A. 


1 



Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 

Lawrence, James 4 

Lawrence, S. Abbott 4 

Learnard, George W. 6 

Learnard, AVm. H. 1 

Leavens, Simon D. 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M. 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W. 4 

Lewis, Joseph W. 6 

Lewis, Winslow 11 

Lewis, Winslow, jr. 10 

Libby, J. G. L. 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr. 10 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 
Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R. 3 

Lincoln, Noah, jr. 1 

Little, William, jr. 12 
Littlehale, Sargent S. 4 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G. 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Perez 5 

Loud, Andrew J. 11 

Lounsbury, Wm. H. 3 

Lovejoy, Reuben 10 

Lovejoy, William R. 1 



INDEX. 



165 



Lovell, Michael 8 

Lowell, John, jr. 10 

M 

Mahan, Benjamin F. 3 

Mann, Neheniiah P. 12 

Manning, Francis C. S 

Marble, William 1 
Marrett, Philip 7, 11 

Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 
Marvin, Theophilus R. 7 

Mason, Julian 0. 11 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

Mayo, Charles 11 

Mayo, Watson G. 2 

McAllaster, James 5 

McGilvray, David F. 8 

McLellan, George W. 11 

McLellan, Isaac, jr. 9 
Means, James 4, 7 

Merriam, Edward P. 5 

Merriam, Joseph W. 9 

Meriam, Levi 9 

Merrill, Wm. B. 9 

Messinger, Daniel 10 
Messinger, George W. 4 

Milton, Ephraim 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Minot, Albert T. 11 

Monroe, James 2 

Moody, David 6 

Morey, George, jr. 11 

Morrison, Nahum M. 9 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Moseley, David C. 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 

Mullin, John R. 10 

Munroe, Abel B. 1 

N 

Nash, Nathaniel C. 10 

Nazro, John G. 11 

Nevers, Benjamin M. 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph R. 8 

Nicolson, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C. 1 

Nowell, Charles 9 

Noyes, George N. 12 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 



Ober, John P. 1 

Odin, John, jr. 9 
Oliver, Francis J. 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J. 1 

Oliver, Samuel P. 1 

Olney, Stephen W. 2 



Orne, Henry 2 

Orrock, James L. P. 3 

Otis, George W. 5 

Otis, George W. jr. 5 



Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 
Page, Thaddeus 1, 2 
Paine, R. T. 10, 11 

Palfrey, William 1 

Palmer, Julius A. 3 

Park, John C. 5 

Parker, Amos B. 3 

Parker, Benjamin 6 

Parker, Charles H. 6 

Parker, Francis J. 11 

Parker, Isaac 7 
Parker, John B. 7,8 

Parker, William 5 

Parker, William 10 

Parkman, William 1 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parmelee, Asaph 11 

Parrott, William W. 8 

Peabody, Augustus 7 

Peabody, 0. W. B. 9 

Peak, John 3 

Penniman, Scammell 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S. 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S. 12 

Perrin, Payson 11 
Phelps, Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W. 10 

Phillips, John L. 11 

Phillips, Thomas W. 7 
Pickman, Benjamin T. 7 

Pierce, Josiah 10 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plumer, Avery, jr. 5 

Plummer, Farnham 7 

Plympton, Henry 5 

Pollard, Abner W. 2 

Pond, Joseph A. 5 

Pope, Thomas B. 4 

Pope, William 11 

Porter, Edward F. 2 

Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G. 5 
Prescott, Bradbury G. 2 

Prescott, Edward G. 9 

Prescott, William 9 
Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Prince, Hezekiah 10 

Pritchard, Gilman 11 

Proctor, John 12 

Prouty, Joel 6 

Putnam, John P. 6 



Q 
Quincy, Josiah, jr. 4 

R 

Raymond, Freeborn F. 2 

Raymond, Thacher R. 2 

Raymond, Zebina L. 1 

Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J. 4 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Reed, Reuben 5 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Alexander H. 11 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, Israel C. 5 

Rice, John P. 10 
Richards, Francis 10, 9 

Richards, Joel 10 

Richardson, Benj. P. S 

Richardson Bill 11 

Richardson, James B. 8 

Richardson, Jeffrey 8 

Richardson, William F. 11 

Kicker, George D. 1 

Robbins, Edward H. 9 

Roberts, Davis B. 6 

Roberts, John G. 11 

Roberts, Joseph D. 5 

Robinson, Simon W. 1 

Roby, Dexter 8 

Rogers, Charles 0. 8 

Ropes, Samuel W. 10 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 

Russell, Benjamin 8 

Russell, Benjamin F. 2 

Russell, James W. 8 

Russell, John B. 9 

S 
Sampson, George R. 10, 5 
Sanborn, Erastus W. 2 
Sanborn, Greenleaf C. 11 
Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See N. 
Savage, George 11, 12 
Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 
Seaver, Joshua, jr. 6 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 

Seaver, Norman 9 

Sever, James W. 7, 9 

Severance, Jonathan B. 3 
Shackford, Richard 2 
Shattuck, Lemuel 10, 11 
Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shaw, Robert G. 4 

Shelton, Stephen 9, 10 



166 



INDEX 



Shelton, Thomas J. 8 

Shipley, Simon G. 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simmons, Hiram 6 

Simonds, Alvan 12 

Simonds, Jonathan 10 

Simonds, 'William 5 

Slade, John, jr. 7 

Slade, Robert 10 

Sloan, Samuel W. 12 
Smith, George W. 2,3 

Smith, Joseph 12 

Snelling, Enoch H. 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B. 3 

Snow, Ephraim L. 5 

Southard, Zibeon 12 

Spear, William T. 3 

Spinney, Samuel R. 12 

Spooner, William B. 4 
Sprague, 0. 10, 11, 12 

Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprague, William 3 

Standish, L. Miles 9 
Starbuck, Charles C. 10 

Stearns, Charles H. 1 

Stearns, Elijah 1 

Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stebbins, John B. 12 

Stedman, Josiah 11 

Stetson, Alpheus, 12 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 
Stevens, Benjamin F. 6 

Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, James M. 3 
Stevens, John 6, 12 

Stevens, John 11 

Stevens, Oliver 4 

Stevens, Seriah 12 
Stimpson, Frederick H. 6 

Stodder, Joseph 2 

Stodder, J. W. T. 9 

Stone, Artemas 7 

Stone, Joseph 2 

Story, Joseph 5 

Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 

Sturtevant, Noah 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Suter, Hales W. 7 
Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 

T 

Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbell, Eben 11 

Tarbell, Silas P. 4 
Thacher, William S. 12 

Thaxter, Jonathan 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer, Elias B. 11 

Thayer, Frederic F. 11 



Thayer, Gideon F. 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H. 8 

Thorn, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F. 2 

Thomas, William G 

Thompson, Erasmus 1 

Thompson, John 11 
Thompson, N. A. 6, 9 

Thompson, Thomas H. 1 

Thorndike, John H. 8 

Thurston, Caleb 12 

Tillson, John 12 

'Hlton, Stephen, jr. 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael 1 

Topliff, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D. 4 

Townsend, Isaac P. 12 

Townsend, Samuel R. 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 
Tremere, John B. 1, 2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F. 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Charles A. 1 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner, Otis 11 

Tuttle, Jedediah 10 

Tyler, Jerome W. 4 

U 



Upham, Henry 


6 


Upham, Phineas 


10 


Urann, Richard 


11 


V 




Vinal, Alvin 


6 


Vinson, Thomas M. 


12 


Vose, Edward A.. 


1 


Vose, Joshua 


11 


Vose, Josiah 


11 


Vose, Thomas 


11 


W 




Wakefield, Enoch H. 


3 


Wales, Samuel 


10 


Wales, Thomas B. 


10 


Ward, Artemas 


3 


Ward, Samuel D. 


7 


Ward, Thomas W. 


7 


Ware, Ephraim G. 


12 


Ware, Horatio G. 


5 


Warner, Barnet F. 


5 


Warren, Daniel 


5 


Warren, George W. 


8 


Washburn, Calvin 


5 



Washburn, Cyrus 2 

Washburn, Frederic L. 8 

AVasbburn, W. R. P. 4 

Waters, Isaac 6 

Watts, Francis 0. 8 

Webster, John G. 6 

Weeks, William A. 8 

Welles, John 9 

Wellington, Alfred A. 4 

Wells, Charles 1 
Wells, John B. 1, 2 

Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler, Joseph 1 

Wheeler, Samuel 11, 12 

Wheelwright, George 5 

White, Warren 11, 12 

Whiting, James 3 

Whitman, Samuel P. 1 

Whitney, Moses, jr. 9 

Whitney, William 9 

W hi ton, David 7 

Whiton, James M. 4 

Whiton, Lewis C. 12 

Whittemore, George 8 

Whittemore, James F. 12 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

W'ilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H. 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, jr. 12 

Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, jr. 6 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 
Williams, Horace 6, 7 

Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. 8 

Willis, Benjamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M. 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winter, Francis B. 6 

Winthrop, G. T. 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 

AVoodman, Charles T. 1 

Woodman, George 10 

Wright, James 12 
Wright, John M. 5, 8 

Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, Winslow 5 

Wyman, Abraham G. 5 



Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX. 



Aldermen, Rules and Orders, - - 3 

names and residences, 59 

powers and duties, 37 

Vacancies in, - - - - 30 
Election of 30, 31 

No choice of, - - - - 30 

Standing Committees of, 65 

Chairman of, ■ - - - - 35 
Appropriations, 

Additions to, - - - - 12 

Transfers of, - - - - 12 

Amendment of motion, 19 

of Questions, 19 

of Rules and Orders, - - 7, 20 

Accounts, Board of, 87 

Committee on, 62 

County, Committee on, - - 65 

Armories, Committee, 65 

Assessors' Department, Committee on, 62 

Assessors, and how chosen, &c, - - 39, 67 

Assistant, ----- 67 

Auditor of Accounts, ... 83 

Assay Master, ----- 85 

Advertising, &c, ----- 82 

B 

By-Laws, titles to, ----- 11 

Ballot, election by, - - - - - 23 
Buildings, Public, 

Committee on, - - - - 63 

Superintendent of, - - - 78 
Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 

Bridges, Committee on, - - - - 65 

Superintendents of, - - - 67 

Bells and Clocks, Committee on, - - 65 

Board of Accounts, - .... 87 

Bark, &c, Measurers of, - - - - 85 

Boats, &c, Weighers of, ... 85 

Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, - - - 85 
Ballast, 

Inspectors of, - - - - 85 

Business, Order of, - - - - 6, 19 



C 



Cochituate Water Board, 83 

Committees, ------ 62 

not to act separately, - - 13 

Joint records and reports of, - 13 

time allowed for reporting, - 13 

powers and duties, 21 



Committees, 

Conference, 11 

Joint Standing, - - - 9, 62 

number of Members, - - 9 
how appointed, 11 

of the Whole, 21 

Standing, how appointed, - 11 
when not to sit, 21 

Chairman of, - - - 11, 21 

Chosen by ballot, - 9 

Chairman of, pro tern., - - 11 
Notice of meetings, 22 

when to report, - - - 22 

of Board of Aldermen, - - 6, 65 

Claims, 10 

Committee on, - - - - 62 

Chairman of Committees, - - 11, 21 

of Board of Aldermen, - - 35 

City Charter, 25 

how altered, 57 

City Debt, amount of, - - 117 

vote to increase, - - - 12 

Committee on, - - - - 62 

Clerk of Council, duties, - - 37,61 

City Officers, times of choice, - 55, 118 
City Council, powers of, - 38 

ineligible to other offices, - 41 
rules of, 9 

City Council, former members, - - 122 
City Physician, ----- 74 

Common Council, ----- 59 

organization of, - - 34, 37 

how chosen, 32 

rules of, ----- 15 

vacancies in, - - - - 32 

President, ... 37, 59 

clerk of, - 37, 61 

Cemeteries, Committee on, 65 

Coroners, ------ 86 

Conferences, ------ 11 

City Clerk, 36, 61 

vacancy, ----- 36 

absence, ----- 36 

County Accounts, Committee on, - - 65 

Officers, 85 

Common, &c„ Committee on, - - 65 

Superintendent of, - - - 78 

Constables, ------ 81 

Clocks, &c. Committee on, - - - 65 
Court House, Keeper of, - 87 

Cullers of Fish, 85 

Hoops, <&c. 85 

City Crier, 85 

Charitable Institutions, 75 

Consulting Physicians, 74 

Chief of Police, - - - - 80 



168 



INDEX 



D 



Debt, City, - 

increase of, 
Committee on, - 
Deaths, registry of - 
Division of Questions, - 
Decorum of Members, - 
Doubted Votes, 
Disagreement of two Boards, 



E 



Excuses for not voting, 

Elections by ballot, 

of State Officers, 

of City Officers, Times, 

Committee on, - 

External Health, Committee on, 

Engines, officers and members, 

Engineer, City, ... 
Assistant do. 

Engineer, pay, &c, 

Estates, valuation of, 



General Meetings, 
Government, City 



H 



117 
12 
62 
74 
19 
17 
19 
11 



18 
23 
26,48 
55, 118 
65 
65 



83 

68 

117 



P 



Finance, Committee on, 62 

Furnaces, &c, do. ----- 66 

Faneuil Hall, Committee on, - - - 65 

Superintendent of, - - - 78 

Fire Department, ----- 68 

Committee on, - - - - 65 

Officers of, 68 

Fire Alarms, Superintendent, &c. - - 69 

Stations, - 71 

Committee, 63 

Fence Viewers, ----- 85 

Field Drivers, 85 

Further time to report, 22 

Fish, Cullers of, 85 

Funeral Undertakers, 74 

Fuel, Committee, ----- 63 



Harbor of Boston, Committee on, - - 63 

Acts, 73 

Master, ----- 73 

regulations, 73 
House of Correction, 

Overseers, &c. of, - - 76 

Beformation, 76 

Industry, &c, 75 

Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of, - - 76 

Health Department, 74 

Board of, 40 

Superintendent of, - - - 74 

Hay Weighers, ----- 85 

Hay, Inspectors of, - - - - - 85 

Highways, Surveyors of, ... 40 

Hoops and Staves, Cullers of, - - 85 



Internal Health, Committee on, - - 65 
Industry, House of, - - - - - 75 
Instruction, Public, Committee on, - 64 



Inspectors of Prisons, - 
Indefinite Postponement, 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 

Island, Committee on, 

Officers, - 



Jail, Committee on, 
Joint Bules and Orders, 
Joint Standing Committees, 
how composed, - 
records to be kept, 
Chairman of, 
reports of, - 
Jailor, Deputy, 
Justices, Police Court, - 



70 
4 
65 
64 
78 
77 
65 
77 
84 
85 
85 
85 

64 

78 
78 

7 'J 



L 

Lunatic Hospital, Visitors, - 

Laying on the Table, 

Licenses, Committee on, 

Lands, Public, Committee on, 
Superintendent of, 

Lamps, number of, <tc, - 
Committee on, - 
Superintendent of, - 

Lumber, Surveyors of, - 

Lighters, Weigher of, 

Lime, Inspector of, 

Leather, Measurer of, t 

Library, Public, 

Committee on, - 
Trustees, - - - 
Librarian, - 
Commissioners, 



M 



Motions to be in writing, 19 
withdrawn, 16 
Members, rights and duties of, 17 
Members, not to speak more than twice, 18 
not to stand up, - - - 18 
not to be interrupted, - - 18 
not to be on more than two Com- 
mittees, ----- 18 
not to be named, 20 
all to vote, 18 
two or more rising, 17 
interested, 18 
Mayor and Aldermen, 59 
Mayor, absence of, - - - - - 35 
no choice of, - - - - 29 
election of, 28 
decease of, 44 
vacancy, ----- 44 

duties of, 42 

compensation, 41 

veto power, 42 

Main question, ----- 16 

Memorials, &c, ----- 20 

Market, Committee on, - - - - 66 

Supei'intendent and assistants of, 79 

limits, ----- 79 

Mahogany, &c, Surveyors of, - - 84 

Municipal Court, Officers of, - - - 86 

Year, 26 

Messenger to City Council, 61 

Assistant, ----- 61 

Meetings of Committees, notice of, - 22 

of citizens, 50 

Marriages, &c, Begistry of - - - 74 

Measurer of Wood, Bark, &c. - - - 85 



INDEX. 



169 



Notice to Committees, - 
Newspapers taken by City, 
Non-concurrence, - 



O 



Oaths of Office, 34 

Order of business, - - - - -0,19 

Orders, titles of, 11 

to have two readings, - - 22 
Ordinances, titles of, - - - - 11 
reading of, 22 

Committee on, 63 

Overseers of the Poor, - - - 44,77 

Oak Lumber, &c, Surveyors of - 84 

Order, questions of, .... 4, 16 
Officers, election of, time, &c, - 55, 118 
Orators of Boston, ... 120 

Organization of City Council, - - 34 



Primary Schools, 91 

Police Department, ..... 80 

Court, 86 

Harbor, 81 

Paving, &c, Committee on, 66 

Prisons, Inspectors of, - - - - 86 

Physicians, Port, and City, 74 

Consulting, .... 74 

Priority of Business, - - - - 6, 19 

Pound Keepers, ..... 85 

Personal Estate, valuation of, - - 117 

Population of the City, ... us 
President of the Council, 

Eights and duties of, - - 15 

Absence of, 17 

Substitution of, - - - - 15 

to call to ord er, ... 15 

Previous Question, 16 

Public Buildings, Superintendent of, - 78 

Committee on, - - - - 63 

Public Library, Committee on, 64 

Trustees, ----- 78 

Commissioners, 79 

Public Instruction, Committee on, - 64 

Public Lands, 

Ordinance, 55 

Superintendent of, - - - 78 

Committee on, 64 

advertising, 82 

Poor, Overseers of, ... 44, 77 

Personalities, 17 

Postponement, ..... 16 

Petitions, &c, ----- 20 

Printing, Ac, Committee on, - 64, 82 



Q 

Questions propounded, - 
under debate, - 
order of, - 

Questions, Divisions of, 

laying on the Table, 

Quarantine Boat, - 



It 

Rules and Orders, 
Joint, 

Board of Aldermen, 
Common Council, 
suspension of, - 

22 



15 

3 

15 

7,20 



Rules and Orders, 

repeal or amendment of, - - 7, 20 
Reduction of City Debt, 

Committee on, ... 62 

Resolves, what are, 11 
Representatives, 

number of determined, - - 41 
election of, ... 48, 49 

Records of Committees, - - - - 13 

Reports, Clerks to make copies, 13 

to be in writing, 13 

Joint, ... 13 

agreed to by Committee, - - 13 

time allowed, - - - - 13 

Reconsideration, 4, 18 

Reading of papers, 20 

Real Estate, valuation of, - - - 117 

Reference of questions, - ... 19 

Recommitment, - .... 19 

Reformation, House of, - - - - 76 

Registrar, City ..... 74 

Water, 74 

Registry of Births, &c, 83 

Register of Deeds, 39 



Standing Committees, Joint, 

Members of, 

Chairman of, 

Meetings, how called, 

of Aldermen, 

to keep records, 
Sums, and times, votes on, 
Suspension of Rules, &c, 
Seats of Members, ... 
Sewers and Drains, 

Committee on, - 

Superintendent of, - 
Salaried Officers, how chosen, 
Solicitor, City - - - - 
Steam Engines, 

Committee on, - 

Boat, Captain, - 
Streets and Ways, Committee on, 

Superintendent of, - 
Surveyors of Highways, 
Staves, Ac, cullers of, &c, 

Seal of City 

Sheriffs, &c, - 
Substitution of President, 
Sealers of Weights and Measures, 
Schools, 

Committee, 

Instructors, &c, 

Superintendent, 

Superior Court, 



T 

Transfers of Appropriations, 
Times and sums, votes on, 
Taxes, - 

Treasurer, .... 
Treasury Department, - 

Committee on, - 
Titles to ordinances, &c, 
Trucks, &c., Superintendent of, 
Two-thirds vote, - 
Truants, 

Officers for, 



62 
11 
22 
65 
13 
4, 16 
7,20 
20 



66 



66 

74 

65, 66 

82 
40 
85 
53 
86 
15 
85 



45, 46, 



12 
- 4, 16 
38, 39, 114 
41 
83 
64 
11 



Undertakers, - 

Upper Leather, Measurer of, 



170 



1 X D E X 



V 

Votes, returns of, - 

how transmitted, 

doubted, - 

of all required, - 

Voters, qualified, - 

Vacancies in Ward Offices, ,tc, 



W 

Water Department, 
Water, Committee on, - 
Ordinance, 
Registrar, - 
Ward Officers, 

Officers, duties of, 
A r acancies, <fcc, - 





48 




49 


o, 


13 




18 


4G 


47 


27, 


30 




83 


. 


64 


. 


57 


- 


83 


27, 


108 


27 


47 


27 


36 



Ward Rooms, 113 

Meetings, 50 

Warden, power and duties, 27 

Wards, Boundaries, .... m 

division of, 25 

Widening streets, Committee on, - - 65 

Wood and Bark, ----- 85 

Wood, Ac, Measurers of, ... 85 
Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, 85 

Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 80 

Weighers and Measurers, 85 



Yeas and Nays, 



4, 16 






i,'<