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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

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MUNICIPAL REGISTER: 



COKTAIWING THE 



CITY CHARTER AID RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL, 



LIST OF THE OFFICERS OF THE CITY OF BOSTON, 



FOR THE YEAR 



1857. 



BOSTON: 
GEO. C. RAND & AVERY, CITY PRINTERS, 

No. 3, COENHILL. 

1857. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



BOARD OF ALDERMEI. 



Section 1. The Mayor, and in his absence, the Chair- 
man of the Board, shall take the chair at the hour to 
which the Board shall have adjourned, and shall call 
the members to order, and a quorum being present, 
shall cause the minutes of the preceding regular meet- 
ing to be read ; and in the absence of the Mayor and 
Chairman, the senior member present shall preside as 
chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order \ may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Board, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, he shall cause a return of the 
members voting in the affirmative, and in the negative, 
without debate on the question. 



4 Rides and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 4. He may read sitting, but shall rise to state 
a motion or put a question to the Board. 

Sect. 5. When the Mayor shall desire to vacate the 
chair, he shall call the Chairman of the Board to take 
it, and in his absence, the senior member present. 
When the Chairman of the Board or the Chairman pro 
tempore shall desire to vacate the chair, he may call any 
member to it, but such substitution shall not continue 
beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 6. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the Chair shall take the sense of the Board by yeas 
and nays, provided any member shall so require. And 
every Ordinance, Resolution or Order, (except Orders 
of Notice, Papers from the Common Council, Orders of 
Inquiry, and Orders relating to the Departments of In- 
ternal and External Health), after being read, shall be 
laid on the table before its consideration by the Board ; 
and no such Ordinance, Resolution or Order (except 
as above) shall be considered at the same meetuig at 
which it is offered, except by special vote. 

Sect. 7. The Chair shall propound all questions in 
the order in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 8. After a motion is stated or read by the 
Chair, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Board, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may Avithdraw it at any time before a decision or 
amendment. 

Sect. 9. When a question is under debate, the Chair 
shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay on the 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 5 . 

table, to postpone to a day certain, to commit, to amend, 
or to postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall , 
have precedence in the order in which they stand ar- 
rano'ed ; and a motion to strike out the enactino; clause 
of an Ordinance shall be equivalent to a motion to 
postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 10. The Chair shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order, except on an immediate 
repetition ; and that motion, and the motion to lay on 
the table, or to take up from the table, shall be decided 
without debate. 

Sect. 11. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member to move a reconsideration there- 
of, at the same or the succeeding regular meeting, but 
not afterward ; and when a motion for reconsideration 
is decided, that vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 12. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the Chair; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities. 

Sect. 13. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rismg to a call to order, or for ex- 
planation. 

Sect. 14. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 15. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any 
question, must be made before the Board is divided, or 



6 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

before the calling of the yeas and nays, and such appli- 
cation shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the 
reasons, and shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 16. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chair shall so direct. 

Sect. 17. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; 
but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 18. No motion or proposition, of a subject dif- 
ferent from that under consideration, shall be admitted 
under color of amendment. 

Sect. 19. Motions and Eeports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Board. 

Sect. 20. When a vote is doubted, the members for 
and against the question, when called on by the Chair, 
shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 21. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 22. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the followino; order : — 

1st. To a Standing Committee of the Board; 

2d. To a Select Committee of the Board ; 

3d. To a Joint Standing Committee ; 

4th. To a Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 23. The following Standing Committees of the 
Board, to consist of three members each, shall be ap- 
pointed by the Mayor : — 

Committee on Armories and Military Affairs — Bridges 
— Cemeteries — Common and Public Squares — County 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 7 

Accounts — Fire Department — Faneuil Hall (to be com- 
posed of the Committee on Public Buildings on the 
part of this Board) — External Health — Internal 
Health — Lamps, Bells, and Clocks — Laying out and 
Widening Streets — Licenses — Jail — Market — Paving 
and RejDairs of Streets — Police — Sewers and Drains — 
Steam Engines and Furnaces. All other Committees, 
imless otherwise provided for, or specially directed 
by the Board, shall be appointed by the Chair. 

Sect. 24. At every regular meeting of the Board, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

L Communications from His Honor the Mayor. 

2. Presentation of petitions, memorials and remon- 
strances. 

3. Papers from the Common Council. 

4. Reports of City Officers. 

5. Reports of Committees. 

6. Motions, orders and resolutions. 

And the above order of business shall not be departed 
from, but by the votes of a majority of the members of 
the Board present. 

Sect. 25. Each Committee elected on thq part of 
this Board shall organize at its first meeting by the 
choice of a Chairman, and shall report the same to this 
Board, and in all cases where the Chair appoints a 
Committee, unless otherwise provided for, the member 
first named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the 
member next in order, who shall be present, shall be 
Chairman jt?ro tempore. 

Sect. 26. Committees of the Board, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 



8 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 27. The foregoing rules shall not be altered, 
amended, suspended or repealed at any tune except by 
the vote of two-thirds of the members of the Board 
present at the time. 



JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL. 



Sect. 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
Year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall 
he chosen by ballot, viz : — 

A Committee on Finance, to consist of the Mayor, 
the Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, and seven 
members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Accounts, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

And the following committees shall be appointed, 
viz : — 

A committee on Public Lands, to consist of three Al- 
dermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Puhlic Buildings, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Instruction, to consist of three 
Aldermen, and the President and four members of the 
Common Council. 

A committee on Institutions at South Boston and 
Deer Island, to consist of three Aldermen and five 
members of the Common Council. 
2 



10 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

A committee on Fuel, to consist of two Aldermen 
and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Water, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on the Treamry Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Assessors^ Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Harbor, to consist of two Alder- 
men and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Printing, to consist of one Alderman 
and two members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Library, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Ordinances, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on Claims, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council, who shall 
have full power and authority to investigate all claims 
against the City, and to take any measures for the de- 
fence of such claims that they may deem expedient, 
and also under the advice of the Mayor to adjust and 
settle all claims not exceeding the sum of $500. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 11 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee of Finance on the 
part of the Common Comicil, shall, according to the 
ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Reduction 
of the City Debt. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not 
a member, shall be its Chairman; and in case of his 
resignation or inability, the other members of the same 
Board, in the order in which they are named, and after 
them, the member of the Common Council, first in 
order, shall call meetings of the Committee and act as 
Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall, at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either 
shall choose, the reasons of their respective Boards, for 
and against the matter in controversy, confer freely 
thereon, and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence 
shall be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, for 
its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall 
adjourn. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed " Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Com- 



12 Joi?it Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

mon Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In aU votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of Com- 
mand, the form of expression shall be " Ordered ; " and 
whenever either or both branches express opinions, 
principles, facts, or purposes, the form shall be "Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, the specific appropriations for the several objects 
enumerated in the general appropriation bill shall be 
deemed and taken to be the maximum amount to be 
expended by the several Committees having the charge 
thereof for the entire financial year, and shall be ex- 
pended with a proper regard thereto ; and after the 
annual order of appropriations shall have been jDassed, 
no subsequent expenditures shall be authorized for any 
object, unless provision for the same shall be made by 
special transfer from some of the ajDpropriations con- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt ; in which cases the order shall not 
be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole number of 
each branch of the City Council shall vote in the affirm- 
ative, by vote taken by yea and nay. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 
under the authority of the City Council, whenever the 
estimates shall exceed the appropriations specially 
made therefor, or whenever any committee shall have 
expended the sum specially appropriated for their use, 
in the order of appropriation for the year, and in either 
case shall require a further sum ; it shall be the duty of 
such Committee having such matter in charge, to sub- 



Joint Rules and Oi'ders of the City Council. 13 

mit the fact to the City Council for instructions, accom- 
panied with a detailed statement in print, of the cause 
or causes which have created the necessity for such ap- 
pHcation, and the object for which the same is needed. 
And no contract shall be made, or expenditure autho- 
rized in either case, unless by a specific vote of the City 
Council first making the necessary provision for the 
payment resulting therefrom; and no debt shall be 
created, or transfer from one special appropriation to 
another be made, until such report or statement shall 
have been submitted to the City Council, by the Com- 
mittee requiring the same. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings, by a Secretary 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided by 
the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act by 
separate consultations, and no report shall be received, 
unless agreed to in Committee actually assembled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred, 
to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on 
the reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the 
Committee of either branch. All reports shall be signed 
by the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairmen thereof 



14 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall 
audit or approve any bill or account against the City, 
for any supplies or services, which shall not have been 
ordered or authorized by the Committee. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Powers of the President. 

Sect. 1. The President shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour to which the Council shall have adjourned ; 
shall call the members to order; and on the appear- 
ance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the preceding 
meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a 
return of the members voting in the affirmative, and 
in the negative, without further debate on the ques- 
tion. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 



16 Rules and Orders of the Common ^Council. 

Sect. 6; When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall 
appoint the member who shall take the chair. The 
President may at any other time, call any member to 
the chair, but such substitution shall not continue 
beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pres- 
ent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except, 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or amend- 
ment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is under debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely; which several motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in which they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone inde- 
finitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order- and that motion, and the 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 17 

motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : " Shall the main question he now put ?" and 
all debate upon the main question shall be suspended 
until the previous question shall be decided. After the 
adoption of the previous question, the sense of the 
council shall forthwith be taken upon amendments re- 
ported by a Committee, upon all pending amendments, 
and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member shall 
speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for 
the previous question, shall be decided without debate, 
except on an appeal ; and on such an appeal, no mem- 
ber shall be allowed to speak more than once without 
leave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or especially directed by the Council. 



Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Members. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President ^ro tempore shall be chosen by 
ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. Every member when about to speak, shall 
3 



18 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

rise and respectfully address the President ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid person- 
alities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. No 
member shall speak out of his place, without leave of 
the President. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking, shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to call to order, or for expla- 
nation. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtaining leave of the 
Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member who voted in the majority, to 
move a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the suc- 
ceeding meeting, but not afterwards ; and when a motion 
for reconsideration is decided, that vote shall not be 
reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman 
of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand up 
to the interruption of another, while any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Presi- 
dent and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, be required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not be 
allowed to vote, or speak, except by way of excuse, till 
he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote or 
serve oil any Committee, on any question where his 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 19 

private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest 
shall give his vote, unless the Council, for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, 
on any question, must be made before the Council is 
divided, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and 
such application shall be accompanied by a brief state- 
ment of the reasons, and shall be decided on without 
debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible ; but 
a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and reports may be committed or 
recommitted at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers, 
Presentation of Petitions, Remonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 



20 Rides and Orders of the Common Council. 

And the above order shall not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent, shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of mem- 
bers, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously; 
and each member shall be entitled, for the year, to the 
seat bearing the number so drawn against his name ; 
and shall not change it except by permission of the 
President. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds of 
the members present consent thereto. 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 21 



Petitions, Memorials, &c. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his 
place, and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or such 
other person as the President may request 5 and shall 
be taken up in the order in which they are presented, 
except when the Council shall otherwise determine. 

Powers and Duties of Committees, &c. 

Sect. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council, 
shall be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far 
as they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking ; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak, has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Eeturns shall be appointed at the commencement of 
the municipal year, and shall consist of jfive members. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the sessions 
of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, 
shall be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by 
the direction of the President ; they shall organize at 
their first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and 
shall report the same to the Council ; and members on 
the part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 



22 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meet- 
ing, and report to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the mem- 
ber next in order, who shall be present, shall be Chair- 
man joro tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be 
entitled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee 
assembled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees to keep a record of their doings, in books pro- 
vided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 

Ordinances^ Orders.^ &c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money," 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not — 
and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day; provided, 
however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 23 

to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the City. 

Elections, &c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks and ballots for in- 
eligible persons shall be reported, but shall not be 
counted in the returns. 

Sect. 50. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of Clerk, &c. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such 
orders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 
otherwise, — shall notice Reports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, — and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up 
all messages to the Board of Aldermen, and send them 
by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings of 
Committees of the Council, and make their records 
when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 



25 



THE CITY CHARTER. 



Section 1. The inhabitants of the City of Bos- corporate 

•^ powers, 

ton, for all the purposes for which towns and cities i^^^'^^^'^^- 
are by law incorporated in this Commonwealth, 
shall continue to be one body politic, in fact and 
in name, under the style and denomination of the 
City of Boston, and, as such, shall have, exercise 
and enjoy all the rights, immunities, powers and 
privileges, and shall be subject to all the duties 
and obligations now incumbent upon and apper- 
taining to said city, as a municipal corporation. 

Sect. 2. The administration of all the fiscal, C'*y ^oj- 

J ernmenr, 

prudential, and municipal concerns of said city, ■^^^^'"^'^^' 
with the conduct and government thereof, shall 
be vested in one principal officer, to be styled the 
Mayor, one council of twelve persons, to be called 
the Board of Aldermen, and one council of forty- 
eight persons, to be called the Common Council, 
which boards, in their joint capacity, shall be de- 
nominated the City Council, and also in such other 
boards of officers as are hereinafter specified. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the City Coun- Division 

., , - . into twelve 

cil, and they are empowered during the year 1860, ^^^im 2 
and whenever thereafterwards they may deem itS;!^'.^^' 
expedient, not oftener than once in ten years, to 
cause a new division of the city to be made into 
twelve wards, in such manner as to include an 
4 



26 CITY CHAETEE. 

equal number of voters in each ward, as nearly as 
conveniently may be, consistently with well de- 
fined limits to each ward ; and until such division 
be made, the boundary lines of the wards shall 
remain as now established. 
mSg for Sect. 4. The annual meeting of citizens for the 

the election t , . r, • • t rv i • Pi 

of city election oi municipal omcers hereinalter men- 
officers. 

tioned, shall be held on the second Monday of 
December, and the citizens of said city, qualified 
to vote in city afiairs, shall, for the purpose of such 
election, then meet together within the wards in 
which they respectively reside, at such hour and 
i85i,ch.i67. place as the board of aldermen may by their war- 

1854, ch. 39. -^ , . "^ "^ 

rant direct and appoint, and the person receiving 
the highest number of votes for any office, shall be 
deemed and declared to be elected to such ofl&ce ; 
and whenever two or more persons are to be elect- 
ed to the same office, the several persons, to the 
number required to be chosen, having the highest 
number of votes, shall be declared elected. 
Certificates Sect. 5. Evcry pcrsou so chosen in any ward, 

of election . J ^ 

nlshld!"^' shall within forty-eight hours of his election, be 
furnished by the clerk with a certificate thereof, 
signed by the warden, clerk, and a majority of the 
inspectors, which certificate shall be presumptive 
evidence of the title of such person to the office 
therein mentioned. 
mentTf''''^" Sect. 6. Thc muulcipal officers to be chosen at 
mumcipa ^^^ aunual election, shall enter upon the duties 

1824, 49, § 2. ^ ^ •' ^ 

of their respective offices on the first Monday of 
January. 



CITY CHAETER. 27 

Sect. 7. The qualified voters of said city shall, fi^^'°'' °^ 
at the annual meeting, choose by ballot one ward- ° 
en and one clerk and five inspectors of elections 
for each ward, who shall be resident in said ward, 
and who shall hold their offices for one year, and 
until others shall be chosen and qualified in their 
stead. 

Sect. 8. The ward officers mentioned in the^^^^j^^g^^^jg 
preceding section, shall respectively make oathi82i"iio,§3, 
faithfully and impartially to discharge their sev- 
eral duties, which oath may be administered by 
the clerk of such ward to the warden, and by the 
latter to the clerk and inspectors, or to all of said 
officers by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk ; and a certificate thereof shall be en- 
tered in the record to be kept by the clerk of the 
ward. 

Sect. 9. In case of the non-election of anyNon-eiec- 
ward officer at the annual meeting, adjournments officers. 
may be had for the purpose of effecting such elec- 
tion, in the same manner as is hereinafter provided 
with regard to the election of members of the 
common council. 

Sect. 10. In case of the absence of any ward ^^^^'i^'^ of 
officer, at any ward meeting, such officer may beiii^iio,§3. 
chosen pro tempoi^e, by hand vote, and shall have 
all the powers and be subject to all the duties of 
the regular officer at such meeting. 

Sect. 11. It shall be the duty of the warden Power ana 

. duty of 

to preside at all ward meetings, with the powers ^^^den, 
of moderators of town meetings. In case of his 
absence, the clerk, and in case of the absence of 



1821, no, §3. 



Duties of 
Avarden and 



28 CITY CHARTER. 

the clerk, any inspector shall preside according to 
seniority, until a warden shall be chosen as pro- 
vided in the preceding section. 
waKrk. Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the clerk to 
make a fair and true record and to keep an exact 
journal of all the acts and votes of citizens at the 
ward meetings, and to deliver over such records 
and journals, together with other documents and 
papers held by him in his said capacity, to his suc- 
cessor in office. 

Sect. 13. It shall be the duty of the warden 
isImim 3. and inspectors of each ward, to receive, sort, and 
count, and of the warden to declare, all votes at 
any election within such ward. 
ward' ""^ Sect. 14. It shall be the duty of all ward offi- 
eiectlons.^^ ccrs authorizcd to preside and act at elections of 
city officers to attend and perform their respective 
duties, at the times and places appointed for elec- 
tions of any officers, whether of the United States, 
State, City, or Wards, and to make and sign the 
regular returns of the same. 
Election of Sect. 15. The qualified voters of said city 
^*^^'™'^^' shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to 
give in their votes for one able and discreet person, 
being an inhabitant of the city, to be mayor of 
said city for the term of one year. All the bal- 
lots so given in, in each ward, being sorted, count- 
ed and declared, shall be recorded at large by the 
clerk in open ward meeting : and in making such 
declaration and record the whole number of votes 
or ballots given in shall be distinctly stated, to- 
gether with the name of every person voted for, 



CITY CHAETBR. 29 

and the number of votes given for each person 
respectively ; such numbers to be expressed in 
words at length : and a transcript of such record, 
certified and authenticated by the warden, clerk, 
and a majority of the inspectors of elections for 
each ward, shall forthwith be transmitted or deliv- 
ered by such ward clerk to the clerk of the city. 
It shall be the duty of the city clerk forthwith to 
enter such returns, or a plain and intelligible ab- 
stract of them, as they are successively received, 
upon the journal of the proceedings of the board 
of aldermen, or some other book to be kept for 
that purpose. 

Sect. 16. The board of aldermen shall, as soon ^of d of 

" aldermen to 

as conveniently may be, within three days of such returas ot 
election, meet together and examine all the said ^^1°!:^ 
returns, and they shall cause the person who may ^f.^' '^^' ^' 
have been elected mayor, to be notified in writing 
of his election ; but if it shall appear by said re- 
turns that no person has been elected, or if the 
person elected shall refuse to accept the office, the 
board shall issue their warrants for a new election, 
and the same proceedings shall be had, as are pro- 
vided in the preceding section for the choice of a 
mayor, and repeated from time to time, until a 
mayor shall be chosen. 

Sect. 17. Whenever, on examination by the ^''^ceedings 

■' 'J in case of no 

board of aldermen, of the returns of votes given ma°y or bL 
for mayor at the meeting's of the wards holden for commence- 

■^ '-' ment of the 

the purpose of electing that officer, last preceding ^earl^^^^ 
he first Monday of January, in each year, no per- ' ' ^ 
son shall appear to be chosen, the board of alder- 



30 CITY CHARTER. 

men, by whom such examination is made, shall 
make a record of that fact, an attested copy of 
which record it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
to produce and read, on the first Monday of Jan- 
uary, in the presence of the members returned to 
serve as aldermen and common councilmen; and 
the oaths prescribed by law may be administered 
to the members elect. The members of the board 
of aldermen shall thereupon proceed to elect a 
chairman, and the common council a president, in 
their respective chambers, and being respectively 
organized they shall proceed to business in the 
manner hereinafter provided, in case of the absence 
of the mayor : — and the board of aldermen shall 
forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of the 
citizens of the respective wards, for the choice of a 
mayor, at such time and place as they shall judge 
most convenient; and the same proceedings shall 
be had, in all respects, as are hereinbefore directed, 
and shall be repeated from time to time, until a 
mayor shall be duly chosen. 
Proceedings Sect. 18. Whcncver it shall appear, by the 

m case no Jr Jr 7 ^ 

X)^^en,'or a regular returns of the elections of city officers, 
of aldermen that a mavor has not been chosen, or that a full 

is not ^ ^ 

1845JI17, 51. board of aldermen has not been elected, such of 
the board of aldermen, whether they constitute a 
quorum or not, as may have been chosen, shall 
issue their warrant, in the usual form, for the elec- 
tion of a mayor, or such members of the board of 
aldermen as may be necessary, and the same pro- 
ceedings shall be had and repeated, until the elec- 
tion of a mayor and aldermen shall be completed, 



CITY CHARTER. 31 

and all vacancies shall be filled in the said board ; 
and in case neither a mayor nor any aldermen 
shall be elected at the usual time for electing the 
same, and after the powers of the former mayor 
and aldermen shall have ceased, it shall be the 
duty of the president of the common council, to 
issue his warrant, in the same manner as the board 
of aldermen would have done, if elected, and the 
same proceedings shall be had and repeated, until 
a mayor or one or more aldermen, shall be elected. 

Sect. 19. The qualified voters of said city, ^lection^of 
shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to give ' ' ^ ' 
in their votes for twelve persons, being inhabitants 
of said city, to constitute the board of aldermen 
for the ensuing year, and all the votes so given, 
being sorted, counted, and declared by the warden 
and inspectors, shall be recorded at large by the 
clerk, in open ward meeting ; and in making such 
declaration and record, the whole number of votes 
or ballots given in, shall be particularly stated, to- 
gether with the name of every person voted for, 
and the number of votes given for each person ; 
and a transcript of such record, certified by the 
warden and clerk, and a majority of the inspectors 
of each ward, shall forthwith be transmitted to 
the city clerk ; whereupon the same proceedings 
shall be had, to ascertain and determine the per- 
sons chosen as aldermen, as are hereinbefore di- 
rected, in regard to the choice of mayor, and for a 
new election, in case of the whole number required 
not being chosen at the first election. And each 
alderman so chosen, shall be duly notified in writ- 



32 CITY CHARTER. 

ing of his election, by the mayor and aldermen 
for the time being. 
Election of Sect. 20. The qualified voters of each ward 

common i 

i82i"iiM 7- shall, at the annual election, be called upon to give 
in their votes for four able and discreet men, be- 
ing inhabitants of the ward, to be members of the 
common council, for the ensuing year ; and all 
the ballots so given in, in each ward, being sorted, 
counted and declared, a public declaration of the 
result shall be made by the warden in open ward 
meeting ; and a record of such proceedings shall 
be kept by the clerk, in his journal, stating partic- 
ularly the whole number of ballots given in, the 
number necessary to make a choice, the number 
actually given for each person, the whole to be 
written in words at length. 

Proceedings Sect. 21. lu casc four pcrsous arc not chosen 

in case there _ ^ ■*• 

of "common ^^ ^he -first ballotiug in any ward, the meeting of 
counc men. g^^j^ ward shall be adjourned by the presiding 
officer, for the purpose of filling such vacancies, to 
a period not less than twenty-four, nor more than 
seventy-two hours distant from the hour when the 
polls were opened at the first balloting, the time 
of adjournment, within such limits, to be deter- 
mined by the warden, with the consent of a ma- 
jority of the inspectors who may be present when 
such adjournment is had ; and such notice shall be 
given of the time of such adjournment, and the 
time the polls will be kept open, as the warden 
may direct ; and at such adjourned meeting a bal- 
loting shall be opened for a number of common 
councilmen sufficient to complete the number of 



CITY CHARTER. - 33 

four;, which shall be conducted, and its result be 
declared and recorded, in the same manner as 
before prescribed for the first balloting. 

Sect. 22. In case there shall still be vacancies same 

subject. 

in the number of common councilmen in any 
ward, adjournments of the meetings of the citizens 
thereof, for the purpose of filling the same, shall 
continue to be had in the same manner, to periods 
not less than twenty-four nor more than seventy- 
two hours distant from each other, at all of which 
the balloting shall be conducted, and the result be 
declared and recorded in the same manner as be- 
fore prescribed, until the number of four shall be 
duly chosen. And at all such adjournments the 
polls shall be kept open the same number of hours 
as are required by the original warrant. 

Sect. 23. If at the close of the last legally ad-same^^ 
journed meeting of any ward as aforesaid prece- 
ding the first Monday in January, there shall still 
be vacancies in the number of common council- 
men for any ward, no further adjournment shall 
be had; but a record of the fact, and of the 
number of such vacancies, shall be made by the 
clerk of the ward in his journal, signed therein by 
the warden, clerk, and a majority of the inspectors, 
an attested copy of which record shall forthwith 
be delivered by the clerk of the ward to the city 
clerk, who shall lay the same before the common 
council at their first meeting in January. 

Sect. 24. The board of aldermen, the common Board of 

aldermen, 

council, and the school committee shall havCj^^c.^J^^^ 
authority to decide upon all questions relative to i82Mio,§ 7. 
■5 



34 CITY CHARTER. 

the qualifications, elections and returns of their 
respective members. 
Vacancies Sect. 25. Whenever it shall appear to the 

m city or -L J- 

r845f2i7,T2: board of aldermen, that there is a vacancy, by re- 
moval from the city, or by death, resignation, or 
otherwise, in the board of aldermen, the common 
council, the school committee, or in any of the 
city and ward offices, it shall be the duty of said 
board to issue their warrant in due form to fill all 
such vacancies, in each and all of said boards and 
offices, at such time and place as they may deem 
advisable ; and the same proceedings shall be had 
and adjournments, if necessary, within the same 
limits, as are herein prescribed for the annual 
meeting for the election of common councilmen. 
But in case of vacancies in the common council, 
and school committee, such warrant shall not be 
issued, until the board of aldermen receive official 
information thereof 

Removal of Sect. 26. All citv and ward officers shall be 

city or ward 

Swird™ t^^ld to discharge the duties of the offices to which 
i845,2i(,§5.^l^g^ have been respectively elected, notwithstand- 
ing their removal after their election out of their 
respective wards, into any other wards of the city. 
But they shall not be so held after they have tak- 
en up their permanent residence out of the city, 
organiza- Sect. 27. The mayor, aldermen, and common 

tion of city 

''82T110 § 9 councilmen, on the first Monday of January, or 
824, 49, § 2. i^g^Qj-g entering on the duties of their offices, shall 
respectively be sworn, by taking the oath of alle- 
giance and oath of office, prescribed in the consti- 
tution of this commonwealth, and an oath to sup- 



CITY CHARTER. 35 

port the constitution of the United States. And 
^uch oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, oath of 
by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial 
court, or any judge of any court of record, com- 
missioned to hold any such court, within the said 
city, or by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk. And such oaths shall be administered 
to the aldermen and members of the common 
council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn 
as aforesaid ; or by either of the persons authorized 
to administer said oath to the mayor ; and a cer- 
tificate of such oaths having been taken shall be 
entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council respectively, by their 
respective clerks. 

Sect. 28. In case of the unavoidable absence Absence of 

mayor elect 

on account of sickness or otherwise, of the mayor •^^^"'^'*^- 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the City 
Government shall organize itself in the mode here- 
inbefore provided in cases wherein no person shall 
have been elected mayor at the meeting last pre- 
ceding the first Monday in January, and may pro- 
ceed to business in the same manner as if the 
mayor was present. 

Sect. 29. After the organization of the cityAWermen 

"-' "^ to choose a 

government and the qualification of a mayor, and ^haSman.* 
when a quorum of the board of aldermen shall be 
present, said board, the mayor presiding, shall pro- 
ceed to choose a permanent chairman, who shall 
preside at all meetings of the Board and at conven- 
tions of the two branches, in the absence of the 
mayor ; and in case of any vacancy in the office 



36 CITY CHARTER. 

of mayor for any cause, he shall exercise all the 
powers and perform all the duties of the office as 
long as such vacancy shall continue. But he shall 
continue to have a vote in the board and shall not 
have the veto power. 

i82i,iim' Sect. 30. The mayor, aldermen, and common 
council in convention, in the month of January, 
shall choose a clerk for the term of one j^ear, and 
until another person is duly chosen and qualified 
in his stead, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of the duties of his office, and shall be re- 
movable at the pleasure of the board of Aldermen 
— the mayor thereto consenting. He shall be de- 
nominated the city clerk, and it shall be his duty 
to keep a journal of the acts and proceedings of 
the board of aldermen, to sign all warrants issued 
by them, and to do such other acts in his said ca- 
pacity, as may lawfully and reasonably be required 
of him ; and to deliver over all journals, books, 
papers, and documents entrusted to him as such 
clerk, to this successor in office, immediately upon 
such successor being chosen and qualified as afore- 
said, or whenever he may be thereunto required 
by the aldermen. The city clerk thus chosen and 
qualified shall continue to have all the powers and 
perform all the duties now by law belonging to 
him. 

Vacancy in Sect. 31. lu casc of a vacaucv in the office of 

office of city 

clerk. city clerk, from any cause, the same shall be 
filled in the manner provided in the preceding 
section. 

Absence of Sect. 32. In casc of the temporary absence of 

city clerk. ^ . . 

the city clerk, the mayor, by and with the advice 



CITY CHARTER. 



37 



and consent of the board of aldermen, may appoint 

a city clerk pro temiwre. 

Sect. 33. The administration of police, togeth- Po^Yif^and 

er with the executive powers of the said corpora- aiXmfn. 

p T T 1821, no, h 

tion generally, and all the powers formerly vested is^^ ggg 

in the selectmen of the town of Boston, either by ' 
the general laws of this commonwealth, by partic- 
ular laws relative to the powers and duties of said 
selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by-laws of 
said town, and all the powers subsequently vested 
in the mayor or aldermen of said city, as county R-.s-24,§ 54. 
commissioners or otherwise, shall be, and hereby 
are vested in the board of aldermen, as hereby 
constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. A majority of 
the members of the board shall constitute a quo- 
rum for the transaction of business. Their meet- 
ings shall be public, and the mayor, if present, }f^' ^^°' ^ 
shall preside, but without a vote. 

Sect. 34. The persons so chosen and qualified ^o°u7i^°a 
as members of the common council of the saidbo^dyf ^ 

1821, 110, § 

city, shall sit and act together as a separate body,ii- 
distinct from that of the board of aldermen, ex- 
cept in those cases in which the two bodies are to 
meet in convention ; and the said council shall 
have power, from time to time, to choose one of President. 
their own members to preside over their deliber- 
ations, and to preserve order therein, and also tocierk. 
choose a clerk, who shall be under oath faithfully 
to discharge the duties of his office, who shall 
hold such office during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and whose duty it shall be to attend said coun- 



38 CITY CHARTER. 

cil, when the same is in session, to keep a journal 
of its acts, votes, and proceedings, and to perform 
such other services, in said capacity, as said coun- 

b"pu§fic!° cil may require. All sittings of the common 
council shall be public ; and twenty-five members 

Quorum, sliall coustltutc a quoruui for the transaction of 
business. 

Powers of Sect. 35. All other powcrs heretofore by law 

citycounciJ. -C^ '^ 

1821, no, § yeg^g(j iji ii^Q town of Boston, or in the inhabit- 
262.' ' ants thereof, as a municipal corporation, or in the 

1851, c. 238. ' . 

city council of the city of Boston, shall be and 
hereby are continued to be vested in the mayor, 
aldermen, and common council of the said city, 
to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board as 
hereby constituted, having a negative upon the 
proceedings of the other, and the mayor having a 
veto power as hereinafter provided. More espe- - 
cially they shall have power to make all such 

By-laws, nccdful and salutary by-laws, or ordinances, not 
inconsistent with the laws of this commonwealth, 
as towns by the laws of this commonwealth have 
power to make and establish, and to annex pen- 
alties not exceeding fifty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws and ordinances shall take 
effect and be in force from and after the time 
therein respectively limited, without the sanction 
or confirmation of any court, or other authority 
whatsoever. 

Assessment Sect. 36. Tlic city couucil sliall also have 

of taxes. t^j^y^j-' ^ J 

1821, 110, § pQ^^gj. fj^Qjjj ^jjjjg ^Q time, to lay and assess taxes 

Stat. 1852, c. i ,-, n 1 • 1 i 11 

SOI- for all purposes for which towns are by law re- 

1822, 85. quired or authorized to assess and grant money, 
i4!34.^*'''* and also for all purposes for which county taxes 



CITY CHARTER. 



39 



may be levied and assessed, so long as other towns 
in the county shall not be liable to taxation for 
county purposes. But in the assessment and ap- 
portionment of all such taxes npon the polls and 
estates of all persons liable to centribute thereto, 
the same rules and regulations shall be observed 
as are now established by the laVs of this com- 
monwealth, or may be hereafter enacted, relative 
to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. 

Sect. 37. The said city council shall also have co'i^ectwn 
power to provide for the assessment and collection 15: ' ' ^ 
of such taxes, and to make appropriations of all 
public moneys, and provide for the disbursement 
thereof, and take suitable measures to ensure a 
iust and prompt account thereof ; and for these Assessors to 

OIL ' be chosen. 

purposes, may either elect such assessors and as- 
sistant assessors as may be needful, or provide for 
the appointment or election of the same or any of 
them, by the mayor and aldermen, or by the citi- 
zens, as in their judgment may be most conducive 
to the public good ; and may also require of all 
persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or 
disbursement of public moneys, such bonds with Bonds, &c., 
such conditions and such sureties, as the case may required. 
in their judgment require. 

Sect. 38. The city council may provide for the city coun- 

_ oil may pro- 

appointment or election of all necessary officers, ^*'^®/°';*^® 
for the good government of said city, not other- Xcers**^''^ 

. T n^ n ., ' , . 1821, 110, § 

Wise provided for, and may prescribe their duties is- 
and fix their compensation ; and may choose a 

-•■ . Register of 

register of deeds, whenever the city shall be one ''®^'^^- 
county. 



Power to 
purchase 
proiDerty. 



40 CITY CHARTER. 

c^'-eand. Sect. 39. The city council shall have the care 

custouy 01 J 

cit^y prop- ^^^ superintendence of the public buildings, and 

IS'^l 110 % o '' 

i6. ' ' the care, custody, and management of all property 
of the city, with power to lease or sell the same, 
except the Common and Faneuil Hall. And the 
said city council shall have power to purchase 
property, real or personal, in the name and for 
the use of the city, whenever its interest or conve- 
nience may in their judgment require it. 
health °^ Sect. 40. All the power and authority now by 
1821,110, § |j^^ vested in the city council or in the board of 
12 Pick. 134 .'mayor and aldermen, relative to the public health 
. and the quarantine of vessels, shall continue to be 
vested in the city council, to be carried into exe- 
cution by the appointment of one or more health 
commissioners ; or in such other manner as the 
health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such 
alterations as the legislature may from time to 
time adopt. The powers and duties above named 
may be exercised and carried into effect by the 
city council, in any manner which they may pre- 
scribe, or through the agency of any persons to 
whom they may delegate the same, notwithstand- 
ing a personal exercise of the same, collectively 
or individually, is j)rescribed by previous legisla- 
tion ; and the city council may constitute either 
branch, or any committee of their number, wheth- 
er joint or separate, the board of health, for all or 
for particular purposes. 
of wgii-'' Sect. 41. The board of aldermen shall be sur- 
1823, § 2. veyors of highways for said city. 



CITY CHARTER. 41 

Sect. 42. The city council shall, in the month ^;*^.*'^^^- 

f. T.T 1 • , • 11/ 1821, 110, § 

01 May, meet togetiier m convention and elect a is. 
suitable person to be the treasurer of said city, 
who shall also be county treasurer ; and who shall Rsi4,§ 47. 
hold his office until his successor is chosen and 
qualified in his stead. 

Sect. 43. No person shall be eligible to any Members of 

J- Of/ cjty council 

office, the salary of which is payable out of the o"hefoffices°. 
city treasury, who, at the time of his appointment, 2l ' 
shall be a member of either the board of alder- 22^^^^ 
men or the common council ; and neither the '"'''' ^ 
mayor, or any alderman, or member of the com- 
mon council, shall at the same time hold any 
office of emolument under the city government. 

Sect. 44. In the month of October, in each J[^pjfo^°*e^: 

,-i . , i 1 11 J • eral court. 

year, the city government siiali meet m conven- 1821, no, § 
tion and determine the number of representatives i^^i, ss. 
which it may be expedient for the corporation to 
send to the general court in the ensuing year, 
within its constitutional limits, and to publish 
such determination, which shall be conclusive ; 
and the number thus determined shall be specified 
in the warrant calling a meeting for the election 
of representatives. 

Sect. 45. The mayor of the city, chosen and compensa- 
qualified as hereinbefore provided, shall be taken mi^m, § 
and deemed to be the chief executive officer of 
said corporation ; and he shall be compensated for 
his services by a salar}^, to be fixed by the board 
of aldermen and common council, in convention 
assembled, payable at stated periods ; which salary 
shall not exceed the sum of five thousand dollars 
6 



42 CITY CHARTEE. 

annually, and he shall receive no other compen- 
sation or emolument whatever; and no regulations 
enlarging or diminishing such compensation shall 
be made, to take effect until the expiration of the 
year for which the mayor then in office shall have 
been elected, and said salary when fixed shall con- 
tinue until changed by the city council as afore- 
said. 
His powers gscT. 46. It shall bc the duty of the mayor to 

and duties. "^ '' 

1821, 110, § i^g vigilant and active at all times, in causing the 
laws for the government of said city to be duly ex- 
ecuted and put in force ; to inspect the conduct of 
all subordinate officers in the government thereof, 
and as far as may be in his power to cause all neg- 
ligence, carelessness, and positive violation of duty 
to be duly prosecuted and punished. He shall 
have power, whenever in his judgment the good 
of said city may require it, to summon meetings 
of the board of aldermen and common council, or 
either of them, although the meeting of said boards 
may stand adjourned to a more distant day, and 
shall cause suitable notice in writing of such meet- 
ings to be given ^o the respective members of said 
boards. And he shall, from time to time, com- 
municate to both branches of the city council all 
such information, and recommend all such meas- 
ures, as may tend to the improvement of the 
finances, the police, health, security, cleanliness, 
comfort and ornament of the said city. 

Veto power Sect. 47. Evcrv Ordinance, order, resolution 

of the •' ' 

™^^°''" or vote, to which the concurrence of the board of 
aldermen and of the common council may be nee- 



CITY CHAETER. 43 

essary, (except on a question of convention of the 
two branches,) and every order of either branch 
involving the expenditure of money, shall be pre- 
sented to the mayor ; if he approve thereof he 
shall signify his approbation by signing the same, 
but if not, he shall return the same with his objec- 
tions to the branch in which it originated, who 
shall enter the objections of the mayor at large 
on their records, and proceed to reconsider said 
ordinance, order, resolution, or vote ; and, if after 
such reconsideration, two-thirds of the board of 
aldermen or common council, notwithstanding 
such objections, agree to pass the same, it shall, 
together with the objections, be sent to the other 
branch of the city council, (if it originally requir- 
ed concurrent action,) where it shall also be re- 
considered, and if approved by two-thirds of the 
members present it shall be in force ; but in all 
cases the vote shall be determined by yeas and 
nays ; and if such ordinance, order, resolution, or 
vote shall not be returned by the mayor within ten 
days after it shall have been presented, the same 
shall be in force. But the veto power of the 
mayor shall not extend to the election of officers 
required by any law or ordinance to be chosen 
by the city council in convention, or by concurrent 
action, unless expressly so provided therein. 

Sect. 48. In all cases where any thing is or same 

'' ° subject. 

may be required or authorized by any law or or- 
dinance to be done by the mayor and aldermen, 
the board of aldermen shall first act thereon ; and 
any order, resolution or vote of said board shall be 



44 CITY CHARTER. 

presented to the mayor for his approval, m the 
manner provided in the preceding section. 
Spoin/offi- Sect. 49. In all cases wherein appointments 
sint of a^' to office are directed to be made by the mayor 

dermen. ^ ^ 

1821, no, § and aldermen, they shall be made by the mayor, 

162.' "^ ' 'by and with the advice and consent of the alder- 

, men, and such officers may be removed by the 

Power of ^ •/ •/ 

removal. j^^^yOr. 

Vacancy in Sect. 50. In the casc of the decease, inability, 

the office of _ _ ^ J •> 

1821 Tig §5. ^^^^^^^ or resignation of the mayor, and when- 
ever there is a vacancy in the office from any 
cause, and the same being declared, and a vote 
passed by the aldermen and common council 
respectively, declaring such cause and the expe- 
diency of electing a mayor for the time being, to 
supply the vacancy thus occasioned, the board of 
aldermen shall issue their warrants in due form for 
the election of a mayor, and the same proceedings 
shall be had as are hereinbefore provided for the 
choice of a mayor. 

Accounta- Sect. 51. All boards and officers actino; under 

bihty of all "^ 

officers for'^ thc authority of the said corporation, and entrusted 
money. wltli tlic expciidlture of public money, shall be 
^^- accountable therefor to the city council, in such 

manner as they may direct, and it shall be the 
duty of the city council to publish and distribute 
annually, for the information of the citizens, a 
particular statement of the receipts and expendi- 
tures of all public moneys, and a particular state- 
ment of all city property. 
Election of Sect. 52. Tlic qualified voters of each ward 

overseers of ■"- 

1821^110, § shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to 
sL.i849,c.o«ive in their votes for one able and discreet per- 

211. ° 



Annual 

financial 

statement. 



CITY CHARTER. 45 

son, being an inhabitant of the ward, to be an 
overseer of the poor, and thereupon the same' 
proceedings shall be had as are before directed in 
the election of members of the common council. 
And the persons thus chosen shall tosfether con- Their pow- 

J- '-' ers and 

stitute the board of overseers for said city, and 22 pick. 122. 
shall continue to have all the powers, and be sub- 
ject to all the duties, now by law appertaining to 
the overseers of the poor of the city of Boston, 
until the same shall be altered or qualified by the 
legislature. 

Sect. 53. The school committee shall consist Th^^chooi 
of the mayor of the city, the president of themLch.m 
common council, and of the persons hereinafter 
mentioned. A majority of the persons duly elect- 
ed shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 
business ; and at all meetings of the board, the 
mayor, if present, shall preside. 

Sect. 54. At the annual election next after the same 

subject. 

passage of this act, the qualified voters of each 
ward shall be called upon to give in their ballots 
for six inhabitants of the ward, to be members of 
the school committee ; and the two persons who 
receive the highest number of votes, or in case 
more than two receive an equal number of votes, 
the two persons who are senior by age, shall hold 
their office for three years from the second Mon- 
day in January next ensuing, and the next two 
persons who receive the highest number of votes, 
or who are senior by age in the contingency 
aforesaid, shall hold their office for two years from 
said date, and the two other persons shall hold 
their of&ce for one year from said date ; and at 



46 CITY CHARTER. 

every subsequent annual election, two persons 
shall be chosen in each ward, to be members of 
the school committee for the term of three years. 

organiza- Sect. 55. Thc pcrsous SO clioscn, as members 

tionof Pill . -I 

school com- of thc school committcc, shall meet and orsramze 

mittee. ' O 

on the second Monday of January, at such hour 

as the mayor may appoint. They may choose a 

fnd'lubor- secretary and such subordinate officers as they 

cers. may deem expedient, and shall define their duties 

and fix their respective salaries. 
Powers and Sect. 56. Thc Said committee shall have the 

duties of 

mitt^.*'°™'care and management of the public schools, and 
19. ' ' may elect all such instructors as they may deem 
proper, and remove the same whenever they con- 
sider it expedient. And generally they shall have 
all the powers, in relation to the care and manage- 
ment of the public schools, which the selectmen of 
, towns or school committees are authorized by the 
laws of this commonwealth to exercise. 
Quaiifica- Sect. 57. Evcry male citizen of twenty-one 

tions of vo- . ^ 

^ersat^mu- years of age and upwards, exceptmg paupers, and 
i82ifiw,*'§8. persons under guardianship, who shall have resided 
within the commonwealth one year and within the 
city six months next preceding any meeting of 
citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid, 
by himself or his parent, master, or guardian, any 
state or county tax, which, within two years next 
preceding such meeting, shall have been assessed 
upon him, in any town or district in this common- 
wealth, and also every citizen who shall be, by law, 
exempted from taxation, and who shall be in 



CITY CHARTER. 47 

all other respects qualified as above mentioned, 
shall have a right to vote at such meeting, and no 
other person shall be entitled to vote at such 
meeting. 

Sect. 58. It shall be the duty of the board of Mayor and 

•^ aldermen to 

aldermen, prior to every election of city officers, ™oteri prior 

or of any officer or officers under the government election. 

'^ ^ ^ ° 1821, no, § 

of the United States or of this commonwealth, to g- g 3 
make out lists of all the citizens of each ward 
qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 
in which selectmen and assessors of towns are re- 
quired to make out similar lists of voters, and for 
that purpose they shall have free access to the as- 
sessors' books and lists, and shall be entitled to the 
aid and assistance of all assessors, assistant asses- 
sors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of the board of aldermen to deliver 
such list of the voters in each ward, so prepared 
and corrected, to the clerk of said ward, to be used 
by the warden and inspectors thereof at such elec- 
tion ; and no person shall be entitled to vote at 
such election, whose name is not borne on such 
list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in 
such elections, it shall be the duty of the inspector, inspectors 

^ -«/ Jr 7 to allow no 

in each ward, to take care that no person shall vote whose name 

,■■-,,. I ' I ^ is not on the 

at such election, whose name is not so borne on list. 
the list of voters, and to cause a mark to be placed 
against the name of each voter on such list, at 
the time of giving in his vote. And the city coun- 
cil shall have authority to establish such rules and 
regulations, as to making out, publishing, and 
using such lists of qualified voters, as they shall 



48 CITY CHARTER. 

deem proper, not inconsistent with the constitu- 
tion and laws of the commonwealth. 
nST °^ Sect. 59. All elections for governor, lieutenant 

and state , j i • j j • 

officers. governor, senators, representatives, representatives 
Rs 5 } n ^^ congress, and all other officers, who are to be 
18. " ^' ^ ^' chosen and voted for by the people, shall be held 
"' "'5,' §ii; at meetings of the citizens qualified to vote in 

" "6, §9, O _ ^ •'- ^ 

Stat. 1852, such clcctions, in their respective wards, at the 
time fixed by law for those elections respectively. 
And at such meetings, all the votes given in, be- 
ing collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the 
inspectors of elections, in each ward, it shall be 
the duty of the clerk of such ward to make a 
true record of the same, specifying therein the 
whole number of ballots given in, the name of 
each person voted for, and the number of votes 
for each, expressed in words at length. And a 
transcript of such record, certified by the warden, 
clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of elections 
in such ward, shall forthwith ,be transmitted or 
delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk of the 
city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and in- 
telligible abstract of them, as they are successively 
received, in the journals of the proceedings of the 
board of aldermen, or in some other book kept 
for that purpose. And it shall be the duty of 
the board of aldermen to meet together within 

Examina- two davs after every such election, and examine 

tion and re- «^ -J ^ 

votes!'^ and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to 

Certificate, make out a certificate of the result of such election, 

to be signed by a majority of the aldermen, and 



CITY CHARTER. 



49 



also by tlie city clerk, which shall be transmitted, 
delivered or returned in the same manner as sim- 
ilar return^ are by law directed to be made by the 
selectmen of towns ; and such certificates and re- 
turns shall have the same force and effect, in all 
respects, as like returns of similar elections made 
by the selectmen of towns. At the election offj^lfj^^t^^g^ 
governor, lieutenant governor, and senators, it &c.^To%e°'^ 

' transmitted 

shall be the duty of the board of aldermen to make *°^"'^/^^'"^- 
and seal up separate lists of persons voted for asR.'^s.'f^^i. 
governor, lieutenant governor, and senators of the 
connnonwealth, with the number of votes for each 
person, written in words at length against his 
name, and to transmit said lists to the secretary of 
the commonwealth or to the sheriff of the county. 
The board of aldermen shall within three days ^°*^^r^°^f 
next after the day of any election of electors of &c!'how' 
president and vice president of the United States, to^^e 



hen 



ansmitted 
to the secre- 



held by vu^tue of the laws of this commonwealth, tary 

n 7 TT • T oi IT i 1 1844, 167, §1. 

or 01 the united btates, deliver, or cause to be 
delivered the list of votes therefor, sealed up, to 
the sheriff of the county; and the said sheriff shall, 
within four days after receiving said lists, transmit 
the same to the office of the secretary of the com- 
monwealth ; or the said aldermen may, and when 
the office of sheriff is vacant they shall themselves, 
transmit the said lists to the said officer, within 
seven days after the election ; and all votes not so 
transmitted shall be reiected. In all elections for rroceedmgs 

•^ in case rep- 

representatives to the general court, in case the arfnof "^* 
whole number proposed to be elected shall not be 
chosen according to law by the votes legally re- 

7 



50 CITY CHARTER. 

turned, the board of aldermen shall forthwith issue 
their warrant for a new election, agreeably to the 
constitution and laws of this commonwealth, and 
the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
kJ^case o'Afo ^^ are hereinbefore directed; and in case of no 
represt"ua- choicc bciug uiadc of representatives to Congress, 

tivestoCon- . . I'li • n-m 

gress. m either district of which the city of Boston com- 

R. S. ch. 6, "^ 

^ ^' poses a part, or in case of any vacancy happening 

in said districts or either of them, the governor 
shall cause precepts for new elections to be directed 
to the board of aldermen of said city, as often as 
occasion shall require ; and such new elections 
shall be held, and all proceedings thereon had, 
and returns made in conformity with the fore- 
going provisions. 

General Sect. 60. Gcucral meeting's of the citizens, 

meetings oi o / 

i82i!'iTo"r qualified to vote in city affairs, may from time 
to time be held to consult upon the common good, 
to give instructions to their representatives, and 
to take all lawful measures to obtain a redress of 
any grievances, according to the right secured to 
the people by the constitution of this common- 
wealth. And such meetings shall and may be 
duly warned by the board of aldermen, upon the 
requisition of fifty qualified voters of said city. 
The mayor, if present, shall preside, and the city 
clerk shall act a-s the clerk of such meetings. 
formeedngs ^^^'^- ^^' ^^^ warrauts for the meetings of the 
by tiiVboard citizens, for municipal purposes, to be had either 

of alder- , . . i i n i • i 

1821110 ^^ general meetings or m wards, shall be issued 

^^" by the board of aldermen, and in such form, and 

shall be served, executed, and returned at such 



CITY CHARTEE. 51 

time and in snch manner as the city council may 
by any by-law or ordinance direct and appoint. 

Sect. 62. Nothing in this act contained shall ^°]^^^t°^g 
be so construed as to restrain or prevent the legis- charter. 

lft*^l 110 & 

lature from amending or altering the same, when- 3o- ' 
ever they shall deem it expedient. 

Sect. 63. All acts and parts of acts inconsist- Repeal of 

-■- firstcharter. 

ent with this act, are hereby repealed. Provided, Proviso. 
however, that the repeal of the said acts shall not 
affect any act done, or any right accruing or ac- 
crued, or estabhshed, or any suit or proceeding 
had or commenced in any civil case, before the 
time when such repeal shall take effect. And that 
no offence committed, and no penalty or forfeiture 
incurred under the acts hereby repealed, and be- 
fore the time when such repeal shall take effect, 
shall be affected by the repeal. And that no suit 
or prosecution pending at the time of the said 
repeal, for any offence committed, or for the re- 
covery of any penalty or forfeiture incurred under 
the acts hereby repealed, shall be affected by such 
repeal ; and provided also, that all persons who, 
at the time when the said repeal shall take effect, 
shall hold any office under the said acts, shall con- 
tinue to hold the same according to the tenure 
thereof And provided, also, that all the by-laws 
and ordinances of the city of Boston, which shall 
be in force at the time when the said repeal shall 
take effect, shall continue in force until the same 
are repealed by the city council. And all officers 
elected under such by-laws and ordinances, shall 
continue in office according to the tenure thereof 



52 CITY CHARTER. 

Kvh-r* Sect. 64. No act which has been heretofore 
repealed shall be revived by the repeal of the acts 
mentioned in the preceding section, 
^bmhted Sect. 65. This act shall be void unless the in- 
c°tizens. habitants of the city of Boston, at a legal meeting 
called for that purpose, by a written vote, deter- 
mine to adopt the same ; and the qualified voters 
of the city shall be called upon to give in their 
votes upon the acceptance of this act, at meetings 
in the various wards duly warned by the mayor 
and aldermen, to be held on or before the second 
Monday of November ; and thereupon the same 
proceedings shall be had respecting the sorting, 
counting, declaring, recording and returns of said 
votes as is herein provided at the election of 
mayor ; and the board of mayor and aldermen 
shall within three days, meet together and compare 
the returns of the ward officers, and if it appear 
' that the citizens have voted to adopt this act, the 
mayor shall make proclamation of the fact, and, 
thereupon, the act shall take effect for the purpose 
of electing municipal officers at the next annual 
election, and for all other purposes it shall take 
effect on and after the first Monday of January 
next. 



CITY SEAL. 



53 



SEAL OF THE CITY. 

An Ordinance to establish the City Seal. 

Be it ordained hi the Maiior. Aldermen and Com- ordinance 

, , , to establish 

mon Council of the Ciiy of Boston, in City Council f^^^^Jf^^i 
assejnhled, That the design hereto annexed, as ' 
sketched by John R. Penniman, giving a view of 
the city, be the device of the city seal ; that the 
motto be as follows, to wit : " Sicut patribus, sit 
Deus nobis ;" and that the inscription be as follows, 
to wit: "Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. Civitatis 
regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




54 RECENT LAWS. 



RECENT LAWS. 



. An Act concerning Vacancies in School Committees. 

Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Sect. 1. Whenever vacancies occur in the school 
committee of any town or city in this Commonwealth, 
or when, from any cause, any member or members of 
said committee are unable to act, the remaining mem- 
ber or members, together with the selectmen of said 
town, or the mayor and aldermen of said city, assembled 
in convention, shall, by joint ballot, fill vacancies in said 
committee ; and the school returns signed by a major- 
ity of the committee thus constituted, shall be equally 
valid as if signed by a majority of the committee orig- 
inally chosen. 

Sect. 2. The convention provided for in section first 
shall be called by the remaining member or members 
of the said committee. 

Sect. 3. The Act entitled " An Act concerning va- 
cancies in School Committees," approved May twenty- 
fourth, eighteen hundred and fifty-one, and all other 
acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act, are here- 
by repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_Approved April 8, 1856.] 



RECENT LAWS. 55 

An Act relating to Lists of Jurors. 

Be it enacted, dc, as foUoivs : 

Sect. 1. The list of jurors, required by law, shall be 
carefully prepared and revised once in each year and 
posted up in public places, in the town or city, by the 
selectmen, or the mayor and aldermen of the several 
towns or cities for which they are prepared, ten days, at 
least, before they are to be submitted for revision and 
acceptance. 

Sect. 2. The lists of jurors, now required to be pre- 
pared by the mayor and aldermen of cities, shall be 
submitted to their respective common councils, which 
councils shall exercise the same power to revise and ac- 
cept them, that is exercised by towns. 

Sect. 3. The one hundred and sixty-seventh chapter 
of the statutes of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and fifty-five, is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [^Approved April 21, 1856.] 



An Act concerning the Indexing of Deeds. 
Be it enacted, &c., as folloivs : 

Sect. 1. Whenever any deeds or other conveyances 
by executors, administrators, guardians, or persons act- 
ing under or by authority of an order of any court of 
competent jurisdiction, or of a resolve of the general 
court, shall be left for record at any of the registries of 
deeds in this Commonwealth, it shall be the duty of the 
register to enter in the entry books and indexes of the 
grantors, the names of the testators, intestates, wards 



56 RECENT LAWS. 

and persons whose estates are conveyed, when the same 
shall appear by such deeds, and also, the names of such 
executors, administrators and guardians ; and whenever 
any decree for the partition of land, or commissioner's 
return thereon, shall be so left for record, it shall be the 
duty of the register to enter the names of all the per- 
sons whose estates shall plainly appear to be affected 
thereby, in the entry books, and in the indexes of the 
grantors and of the grantees. 

Sect. 2. The county commissioners in each county 
shall hereafter procure, at the charge of their respective 
counties, a copy, to be made by some competent person 
or persons, within the first six months of each and every 
year, of the indexes in the registries of deeds in their 
respective counties, for the preceding year, in which the 
grantors and grantees shall respectively be assorted into 
distinct lists by their respective surnames, arranged in 
such lists in the order in which the deeds and other con- 
veyances to which they refer are left for record, and 
such lists placed in aljDhabetical order. Such copies 
shall, in other respects, be in the form now required by 
law for the indexes to the records. And the county 
commissioners in each county shall so procure such 
copies of the indexes in their respective counties for 
the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, 
to be made and completed by the first day of January 
next. 

Sect. 3. The county commissioners of each county, 
and the mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston, 
shall have power, whenever they shall deem it expedi- 
ent, to cause copies of the indexes, or new indexes, to 
the records now existing in the registries of deeds in 



RECENT LAWS. 57 

their respective counties, or of any part thereof, to be 
made by some competent person or persons, at the 
charge of their respective counties, upon the plan here- 
inbefore provided, or upon such plan and in such man- 
ner, as will, in their judgment, best facilitate references 
to the records. 

Sect. 4. The county commissioners in each county, 
and the mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston, 
shall have power, if they shall deem it expedient, to 
cause such copies of the indexes, or new indexes herein 
before provided and authorized to be made, to be print- 
ed at the charge of their respective counties, for sale at 
a price which shall not be less than the cost of printing, 
and paper, and binding. 

Sect. 5. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_App^oved June 6, 1856.] 



An Act concerning the Planting of Shade Trees. 
Be it enacted, &c., as foUozvs : 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen of any city, or 
the selectmen of any town, or any municipal officer, to 
whom the care of the streets or roads may be intrusted 
by them, may authorize the planting of shade trees, 
wherever it may not interfere with the public travel, or 
with private rights ; and such trees, planted pursuant to 
such license, shall be deemed and taken to be the pri- 
vate property of the person or persons, or corporations, 
so planting them, or upon whose premises they may be 
planted, and may be protected as such in the same 
manner as any other private property ; and shall not 
be deemed a nuisance, or abated as such, except upon 



58 EECENT LAWS. 

complaint made to the mayor and aldermen or select- 
men aforesaid, who shall, in case of complaint, cause 
such trees to be removed, if the public necessity shall 
seem to them to require their removal. 

Sect. 2. Any person or persons who shall wantonly 
injure, deface, tear or destroy any ornamental or shade 
tree or shrub, statue, fountain, vase, or other plant or 
fixture of ornament or utility, in any street, road, square, 
court, park, public garden, or other enclosure, shall be 
liable to a penalty of not less than five, nor more than 
one hundred dollars, to be recovered, by complaint, in 
any court of competent jurisdiction ; one-half of which 
penalty shall go to the complainant, and the other half 
to the person or persons, corporation or corporations, 
upon whose property, or within whose premises, the 
trespass may have been committed. [^Ajoproved June 
4, 1856.] 

An Act to Protect Boston Harbor. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Sect. 1. Any person who shall take, carry away, or 
remove, by land or water, any stones, gravel or sand, 
from any of the beaches, head lands or islands, within 
or bordering upon Boston Harbor, without a license 
therefor from the mayor and aldermen of the city of 
Boston, shall, for each offence, forfeit a sum not exceed- 
ing twenty dollars, to be recovered by complaint or in- 
dictment in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

Sect. 2. Boston Harbor, for the purposes of this act, 
shall be deemed to extend to a line drawn from the out- 
er end of Commercial Point, in the town of Dorchester, 
direct to the outer end of Point Alderton, in the town of 



RECENT LAWS. . 59 

Hull; thence to the outer end of the outer Brewster 
Island, and thence direct to the Short Beach, at the di- 
vision line between the towns of North Chelsea and 
Winthop. 

Sect. 3. All acts and parts of acts, inconsistent with 
this act, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_Ajpp)^oved June 6, 1856.] 



An Act concerning the Superior Court of the County of 
Suffolk, and the Court of Common Pleas. 

Be it enacted, (&c., as follows : 

Sect. 1. The words " three thousand " are hereby 
substituted for the words " fifteen hundred," wherever 
the latter occur in the third and fourth sections of the 
four hundred and forty-ninth chapter of the acts of the 
year eighteen hundred and fifty-five. 

Sect. 2. The fourteenth section of the last mention- 
ed act is so far amended as that the clerk, instead of the 
salary therein provided, shall retain for his services, 
from the fees received by him and for which he is to ac- 
count, the sum of three thousand dollars per annum, if 
such fees amount to so much, and the balance he shall 
pay over to the treasurer of the city of Boston, for the 
use of said city, annually. 

Sect. 3. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
release said city from its proper contribution to the 
maintenance of the court of common pleas prior to the 
establishment of the said superior court. \_Apj)roved 
June 6, 1856.] 



60 . RECENT LAWS. 

An Act to incorporate the Broadway Railroad Company. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follotvs : 

Section 1. Charles J. F. Allen, Seth Adams, John P. 
Monks, their associates and successors, are hereby made 
a corporation, by the name of the Broadway Railroad 
Company, with power to construct, maintain and use a 
railway or railways, with convenient single or double 
tracks, from South Boston Point, so called, at the eastern 
extremity of Fourth street, in the city of Boston, upon 
and over such streets and highways of said city, as may, 
from time to time, be fixed and determined, by vote of 
the mayor and aldermen thereof, and assented to, in 
writing, by the said railroad corporation, to a point near 
the intersection of Broadway and Turnpike street, or 
other street, for the purpose of forming a junction with, 
and entering upon, the Dorchester Avenue Railroad 
[Company,] in said Boston : provided, that all tracks of 
said railroad shall be laid at such distances from the 
sidewalks, in said city, as the mayor and aldermen there- 
of shall, in their orders fixing the routes of said railroad, 
determine to be for the public safety and convenience : 
2iRdi provided, further, that the written assent of said rail- 
road corporation, to any vote or votes of the mayor 
and aldermen of said city, prescribing, from time to 
time, the routes of said road, shall be filled with the 
clerk of said city, and shall be taken and deemed loca- 
tions thereof: and also provided, that, before the location 
or construction of any track in any street, the mayor 
and aldermen of said city shall give notice to the abut- 
ters thereon, by the publication of an order of notice 
from said mayor and aldermen, in one or more news- 
pers, published in the city of Boston, fourteen days, at 
least, before the hearing upon the location of any such 



RECENT LAWS. 61 

tracks, that said abutters may show cause, if any there 
be, why said track should not be so located and con- 
structed ; and the said railroad corporation shall have 
power to fix, from time to time, such rates of compensa- 
tion for transporting persons or property thereon, as 
they may think reasonable and expedient ; and said 
corporation shall be subject to all the duties, restrictions 
and liabilities, and entitled to all the rights and privi- 
leges, prescribed by the forty-fourth chapter of the 
Eevised Statutes. 

Sect. 2. Said tracks or roads shall be operated and 
used by said corporation, with horse power only, and it 
shall not connect its track with any other railroad, on 
which other power is used. The mayor and aldermen 
of said city shall have power, at all times, to make all 
such regulations as to the rate of speed, and mode 
of use of said tracks, as the public convenience and 
safety may require. 

Sect. 3. Said corporation shall maintain and keep in 
repair, such portions of the streets, respectively, as shall 
be occupied by their tracks, and shall be liable for any 
loss or injury that any person may sustain, by reason of 
any carelessness, neglect or misconduct of its agents or 
servants, in the management, construction or use of 
said tracks or roads ; and in case any recovery shall be 
had against said city, by reason of such defect, want of 
repair in, or use of, said tracks or roads, said corporation 
shall be liable to pay to said city, any sum thus recovered 
against it, together with all costs and reasonable ex- 
penditures incurred by said city, in the defence of any 
such suit or suits, in which such recovery shall be had ; 
and said corporation shall not encumber any portion of 
the streets, not occupied by the said road or tracks. 



62 RECENT LAWS. 

Sect. 4. If any person shall willfully and malicious- 
ly obstruct said corporation, in the use of said road or 
tracks, or the passing of the cars or carriages of said 
corporation thereon, such persons, and all who shall be 
aiding or abetting therein, shall be punished by a fine 
not exceeding five hundred dollars, or may be impris- 
oned in the common jail, for a period not exceeding 
three months. If said corporation, or its agents or 
servants, shall willfully and maliciously obstruct any 
highway, or the passing of any carriages over the same, 
said corjDoration shall be punished by a fine not exceed- 
ing five hundred dollars. 

Sect. 5. The capital stock of said corporation shall 
not exceed the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars, to be divided into shares of fifty dollars each ; 
and no shares shall be issued for a less sum, to be actu- 
ally paid in on each, than the par value of the shares 
which shall first be issued. 

Sect. 6. Said corporation shall have power to pur- 
chase and hold such real estate, within said city, as may 
be necessary or convenient for the purposes and man- 
agement of said road. 

Sect. 7. The said city of Boston may, at any time 
during the continuance of the charter of the said cor- 
poration, and after the expiration of ten years from the 
opening of any part of said road for use, purchase of 
said corporation, all the franchise, property, rights and 
furniture of said corporation, by paying said railroad 
company therefor such a sum as will reimburse to each 
person who may then be a stockholder therein, the par 
value of his stock, together with a net profit of ten per 
cent, per annum, from the time of the transfer of said 



RECENT LAAVS. bo 

stock to him, on the books of the corporation, deducting 
the dividends received by said stockholders thereon. 

Sect. 8. The said road shall be constructed and 
maintained in such form and manner, and upon such 
grade, and with such gauge, as the mayor and aldermen 
of said city may, in their votes, fixing and determining 
the routes thereof, as aforesaid, prescribe and direct ; 
and whenever, in the judgment of said railroad corpor- 
ation, it shall be necessary to alter the grade of any 
street so occupied by it, such alteration may be made at 
the sole expense of said corporation, provided the same 
shall be assented to by the mayor and aldermen of said 
city. 

Sect. 9. At any time after the expiration of one year 
from the opening for use, of the tracks of said railroad, 
in any street in which the same may be located, as pro- 
vided by its charter, the mayor and aldermen of the 
city of Boston may, by vote of the major part thereof, 
determine that the same, or any part thereof, may be 
discontinued; and thereupon the location shall be 
deemed to be revoked, and the tracks of the said rail- 
road shall forthwith be taken up and removed, in con- 
formity with such vote or order of said mayor and 
aldermen, provided that such taking up and removal 
shall be at the expense of said railroad corporation. 

Sect. 10. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
prevent the authorities of said city from taking up any 
of the public streets traversed by said railroads, for the 
purposes for which they may now lawfully take up the 
same. 

Sect. 11. This act shall be void, so far as relates to 
the right to construct said road in said city, unless the 



64 EECENT LAWS. 

same shall be accepted by the city council of said city, 
and unless the same shall be accepted by the said cor- 
poration, and ten per cent, of the capital stock thereof 
be actually paid in within two years from the passage 
of this act. 

Sect. 12. The said corporation shall be deemed a 
railroad corporation, so far as. to be subject to make such 
annual returns to the legislature as are or may be pre- 
scribed by law, but not to other general provisions of 
law in relation to railroad corporations. 

Sect. 13. The existence of said corporation is 
hereby limited to the period of fifty years from the 
passage of this act. 

Sect. 14. The rates of fare upon the said railroad, 
between any two points in the city of Boston, shall never 
exceed five cents for each passage, unless with the assent 
of the mayor and aldermen of the said city ; provided, 
nevertheless, that the legislature may at any time repeal 
this act, or limit, restrict, or annul, any powers herein 
granted. \_Approved hi/ the Governor, April 29, IS^L'] 



An Act in addition to "An Act to incorporate the 
Broadway Eailroad Company." 

Be it enacted &c., as folloivs : 

Chapter four hundred and forty-four, of the acts of 
eighteen hundred and fifty-four, being " An Act to incor- 
porate the Broadway Eailroad Company," is hereby 
revived, and continued in force for a period of three 
years from the passage hereof \_A2jpr0ved hy the Gov- 
ernor, June 4, 1856.] 

The foregoing charter was accepted by the City Coun- 
cil of Boston, Dec. 27, 1856. 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 65 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 



CITY OF BOSTON, 



An Ordinance in addition to an ordinance entitled "An 
Ordinance concerning the Public Lands. Passed July 
22, 1850." 

Be it ordained hy the Board of Aldermen and Common 

Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, 

as folloivs : 

Section 1. In the month of January, in each year, 
there shall be appointed a joint Committee of the City 
Council, to be called the Committee on Public Lands, 
to consist of three aldermen and five members of the 
Common Council. 

Sect. 2. An ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in ad- 
dition to an Ordinance on Public Lands," 23assed Janu- 
ary 12, 1855, and all parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect on and after 
its passage. \_Passed January 14, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in relation to City Officers. 

Be it ordained hy the Aldermen and Common Council of 
the City of Boston^ in City Council assembled, as folloivs : 

Section 1. All City Officers required by the City 
ordinances to be elected or appointed by the concur- 



66 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

rent vote of the City Council, or to be appointed by the 
Mayor, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Board of Aldermen, excepting those officers, the time 
of whose election or appointment is otherwise pre- 
scribed by the Statutes, of the Commonwealth, also, ex- 
cepting the Treasurer, Auditor and Assessors, shall be 
elected or appointed, as the case may be, on the first 
Monday of January, in each year, or within sixty days 
thereafter. 

Sect. 2. Every city officer elected or appointed 
under the provisions of the foregoing section, shall hold 
his office, if not sooner removed, for one year from the 
first Monday of January, in the year in which he shall 
be elected or appointed, and until a successor be elected 
or appointed ; but he may, at any time, be removed by 
the authority under which he may have been elected 
or appointed, and any vacancy occasioned by the re- 
moval, resignation or death of such city officer, may 
be filled at any time. 

Sect. 3. Nothing in this ordinance shall require the 
election or appointment of any city officer, during the 
present municipal year, to be made prior to the respec- 
tive times heretofore prescribed for such election or ap- 
pointment ; but every city officer, with the exceptions 
mentioned in the first section of this ordinance, who 
may be elected or appointed during the present munici- 
pal year, shall hold his office, if not sooner removed, 
until the first Monday of January, in the year eighteen 
hundred and fifty-seven, and until another is elected or 
appointed in his place. 

Sect. 4. So much of any ordinance as may be in- 
consistent herewith, is hereby repealed. [^Passed March 
5, 1856.] 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 6T 

An Ordinance in relation to "Water. 

Be it ordained hy the Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as folloivs : 

Section 1. The ordinance entitled "An Ordinance 
providing for the care and management of the Boston 
Water Works," passed October 31, 1850, shall be 
amended as follows : By striking out the words " in the 
month of March or April," in the first and second lines 
of the first section of said ordinance, and inserting in 
place thereof, the Avords " on the first Monday of Janu- 
ary, or within sixty days thereafter." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take efiect on the 
first Monday of January next. \_Passed March 5, 
1856.] 



An Ordinance abolishing the office of County Physician. 

Be it ordained hy the Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Section 1. An ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in 
relation to the County Physician," creating the office of 
Physician to the Jail, passed July 16, 1855, is hereby 
repealed. 

Sect. 2. All ordinances and parts of ordinances re- 
pealed by section second of said ordinance, are hereby 
revived, and declared to be in full force and efiect. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take efiect from and 
after its passage. [^Passed May 31, 1856.] 



68 EECENT OEDINANCES. 

An Ordinance to License and Eegulate Pawnbrokers. 

Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Section 1. The Board of Aldermen may, from time 
to time, give and grant licenses to such persons as shall 
apply for the same, to use, exercise, and carry on the 
trade or business of a pawnbroker ; which said licenses 
shall continue in force until the first day of the month 
of July following, (unless sooner revoked by the Mayor, 
which he is hereby authorized to do, on evidence satis- 
factory to him of a violation of any of the provisions 
of this ordinance,) and no longer; and each person to 
whom such license shall be given, shall pay therefor to 
the City Treasurer the sum of one hundred dollars ; but 
no such license shall authorize the opening of more 
than one place for the transaction of the business afore- 
said ; and no person shall be licensed, who shall have 
been convicted of receiving stolen goods. 

Sect. 2. Every person who shall be licensed as 
aforesaid shall, at the time of receiving said license, 
enter, with sufficient sureties to be approved by the 
Mayor, into a bond in the sum of one thousand dollars, 
conditioned for the faithful observance of this ordinance, 
and of such further ordinances as may hereafter be 
enacted in the premises, and of the laws of the Com- 
monwealth relating thereto, which said bond shall be 
held by the City of Boston in trust, for the use of every 
person who may be aggrieved by any violation thereof. 
And every pawnbroker so applying for a license shall 
first effect an insurance against fire, for at least one 
year, for two thousand dollars, on goods pawned, at 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 69 

such insurance office as the Mayor or Chairman of the 
Committee on Licenses shall approve ; the policy for 
which shall be deposited with his bond when the said 
license shall be given to him. 

Sect. 3. No person shall use, exercise or carry on 
the trade or business of a pawnbroker, without first 
having obtained such license as aforesaid, or after the 
revocation thereof, under the penalty of fifty dollars 
for each and every offence. 

Sect. 4. No person so licensed as aforesaid shall 
keep his office open for the transaction of business on 
any day in the week before sunrise, or after seven 
o'clock in the evening, except on Saturday evening, 
when said office shall be closed before ten o'clock, under 
a penalty of fifty dollars for each and every offence. 

Sect. 5. Every pawnbroker shall keep a book, to be 
called " Book No. 1," in which shall be fairly written, at 
the time of each loan, an accurate account and descrip- 
tion of the goods, articles or things pawned, the sum 
loaned thereon, the date of the loan, and the name and 
residence of the person pawning or pledging the said 
goods, articles or things, and also in which shall be writ- 
ten the charges on the same as they shall accrue, which 
entry shall be regularly numbered ; and also when a 
watch is pawned, the number and name of the maker 
thereof, if any appears, and all letters or marks on goods 
or articles manufactured of gold or silver shall be 
inscribed therein ; which said book, as also book No. 2, 
hereinafter mentioned, shall be at all times open to the 
full and free inspection of the owner or owners of the 
articles, or of any person demanding the same. Pro- 
vided, such person shall exhibit an order to make such 



'70 EECENT OEDINANCES. 

inspection, signed by the Mayor or Chief of Police ; and 
in all cases where the description of goods in the said 
book or books is alleged to correspond with any goods 
lost, the article or thing shall be exhibited when 
demanded by the person authorized as above to inspect 
said book or books. And the said pawnbroker shall 
deliver to the person pawning or pledging the said 
goods, articles or things, at the time the same are 
received, a certificate, duplicate or note signed by him, 
and numbered to correspond with his said book, and 
which shall contain the substance of the particular entry 
therein ; and every pawnbroker who shall neglect to 
make the entries herein required, or to deliver the said 
certificate or note, shall forfeit and pay the sum of fifty 
dollars for each and every neglect ; and if any pawn- 
broker shall neglect or refuse to allow the inspection 
herein provided for to be made, or to exhibit the article 
or thing pledged as herein required, he shall forfeit and 
pay the sum of fifty dollars for each and every refusal. 

Sect. 6. No pawnbroker shall ask, demand, or receive 
a greater rate of interest than six per centum per 
annum ; and, in addition thereto, he is authorized and 
permitted to demand and receive for storage, and other 
necessary expenses, a sum not exceeding two per cen- 
tum per month. And any pawnbroker who shall de- 
mand or receive any higher rate of interest or charges 
than is herein provided, shall forfeit and pay the sum 
of fifty dollars. 

Sect. 7. No pawnbroker shall sell any goods, arti- 
cles, or thing pawned or pledged, until the same shall 
have remained in his possession four months for dry 
goods and clothing of all kinds, and eight months for all 



RECENT OEDINANCES. 71 

other articles; within which times, respectively, such 
goods, articles, or thing shall be delivered on applica- 
tion made by the owner thereof, or his or her legal rep- 
resentative, provided such applicant shall surrender 
the duplicate, certificate, or note, and pay the sum orig- 
inally loaned, with the interest and charges that may 
have accrued thereon ■ and such goods, articles, or thing 
that shall remain unredeemed at the expiration of the 
time before mentioned, shall be sold at public auction 
in the City of Boston, and not otherwise or elsewhere, 
after ten days' notice, of the time and place of sale and 
the kind of goods, first given in two public and daily 
newspapers in the said city ; and the surplus money, if 
any, arising from the said sale, after deducting the 
amount of the loan, the interest, and charges then due 
on the same, and the expenses of the advertisement and 
sale, shall be paid over by the pawnbroker to the per- 
son who would have been entitled to redeem the pledge 
in case no such sale had taken place. And if any pawn- 
broker shall violate any of the provisions of this sec- 
tion, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars for 
every such violation : Provided, that no goods, articles, 
or things shall be offered at such sale of forfeited goods, 
except such as shall have been placed, bona fide, upon 
pledge, under a penalty of twenty dollars for each and 
every article so sold. 

Sect. 8. Every pawnbroker shall keep a book, to be 
called " Book No. 2," wherein shall be entered the sales 
of such goods, articles or things which shall be sold as 
aforesaid, wherein shall be marked the same, with the 
date thereof, and before each article shall be inserted 
the number af&xed thereto in " Book No. 1," hereinbe- 



72 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

fore provided for, and opposite thereto shall be inserted 
the amount loaned thereon, the charges thereon, the 
amount for which the same was sold, and the name of 
the pawner. And if any pawnbroker shall violate any 
of the provisions of this section, he shall forfeit and pay 
the sum of fifty dollars for every such violation. 

Sect. 9. If any goods, articles or thing which shall 
be advertised in any public newspaper in the City of 
Boston as having been lost or stolen, and which goods, 
articles or thing shall then be or thereafter come into 
the possession of any pawnbroker, he shall, on actual 
notice thereof, immediately thereafter give information 
in writing at the office of the Chief of Police, that cer- 
tain goods, articles or thing answering to the descrip- 
tion of said advertised goods, articles or thing, are in his 
possession, and shall also state from whom the same was 
or were received, under the penalty of fifty dollars for 
every such neglect. \_Passed, June 13, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation to 
the Fire Department, passed December 26, 1855. 

3e it ordained hy the Aldermen and Common Council of the 
City of Boston in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Section 1. Strike out the words " month of August," 
in section tiventy-five, of an Ordinance in relation to the 
Fire Department, passed December 26, 1855, as printed 
on page 182, of the Revised Ordinances, and in place 
thereof insert the words " months of July, August or 
September." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect from and 
after its passage. \_Passed Aug. 25, 1856.] 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 73 

An Ordinance concerning the Public Lands. 

Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Com7non Council of the 
City of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Section 1. In the month of January, in each year, 
there shall be appointed a Joint Committee of the City 
Council, to be called the Committee on Public Lands, to 
consist of such numbers from each Board, as the City 
Council may from time to time order ; and said Com- 
mittee, together with not more than four persons, to be 
selected as is hereinafter set forth, shall constitute a 
Board of Land Commissioners. 

Sect. 2. In the month of November or December 
in each year, the Committee on Public Lands shall, from 
their own number, nominate one Alderman and one 
member of the Common Council, to be members of the 
Board of Land Commissioners ; and the persons so nom- 
inated, being confirmed by the City Council, shall hold 
their offices for two years from and after the commence- 
ment of the municipal year then next ensuing. 

Sect. 3. The Board of Land Commissioners thus 
constituted, shall have the care and management of the 
public lands belonging to the city, so far as relates to 
the improvement, sale and disposal of the same, subject 
to the limitations mentioned in this and other ordinan- 
ces of the city, and to such rules, orders and regula- 
tions as the City Council may, from time to time, adopt. 

Sect. 4. The said Commissioners are authorized to 
lay out and make such streets, passage-ways and squares 
on the public lands, to lay such sewers therein, and to 
make such alterations in the lots as they may deem 
expedient, subject to the approval of the Mayor and 
Aldermen. 

10 



74 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 5. There shall be chosen annually, on the first 
Monday in January, or within sixty days thereafter, 
(and whenever a vacancy occurs,) by concurrent vote 
of the two branches of the City Council, a Superintend- 
ent of Public Lands, who shall hold his office until a 
successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall be 
removable at the pleasure of the City Council, and shall 
receive such compensation as the said Council may, 
from time to time, determine. 

Sect. 6. The said Superintendent, before entering on 
the duties of his office, shall give bond, with one or more 
sureties, to the approbation of the Mayor, with condition 
that he will not, while holding said office, directly or 
indirectly, for himself or others, or by others in trust 
for him, or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any purchase, lease, contract or agreement, to be 
made in pursuance of this ordinance. 

Sect. 7. The said Superintendent shall devote him- 
self to the care, improvement and sale of the public 
lands, and, under the direction of the said Commission- 
ers, shall cause them to be surveyed and laid out into 
convenient lots, and contract for the sale, and actually 
sell or lease the same, at public or private sale. 

But this and the fourth section shall not apply to the 
Common, the land and flats west of Charles Street, the 
lands connected with the Public Institutions at South 
Boston, or to any other lands purchased or held for spe- 
cific purposes, unless by special vote of the City Council. 
Sect. 8. The said Superintendent may, under the 
direction of the said Commissioners, contract and agree 
for defraying, in part or in whole, the cost or expense 
incident to or arising out of the performance of any 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 75 

acts which he is by this ordinance authorized to do and 
perform, by transfer of lands to the contracting parties, 
in lieu of money, when the same can be done with 
advantage to the city. 

Sect. 9. The said Superintendent shall at all times 
perform such services as may be required of him by the 
Mayor and Aldermen, in the laying out, alteration or 
widening of streets, and in the trial or settlement of 
any and all claims for damages, in consequence of such 
laying out, alteration or widening, and shall act as Sec- 
retary to the Board of Land Commissioners. 

Sect. 10. All contracts, deeds, conveyances and 
leases, made by virtue of this ordinance, shall be signed 
and executed by the Mayor, in the same manner as if 
the same were made by order of the City Council, and 
shall be countersigned by the said Superintendent. 

Sect. 11. The said Superintendent shall, at least 
once in three months, and as often as required, make a 
true and correct report of his proceedings under this 
ordinance, and exhibit proper schedules and accounts 
of all lands sold, moneys received and securities taken, 
to the Board of Aldermen, which shall be by them sent 
to the Common Council. 

Sect. 12. The said Superintendent shall keep an 
accurate record or account of all the vacant lands 
belonging to the city ; and whenever any such lands 
shall be purchased by the city for any purpose, it shall 
be the duty of the person or persons so purchasing the 
same to make report thereof forthwith to the said 
Superintendent.. 

Sect. 13. All money paid by any purchaser or lessee 
of the public lands, and all notes, bonds, mortgages and 



76 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

securities for moneys, arising or accruing from, or in 
virtue of, any contract made by said Superintendent 
under this ordinance, shall be paid to and deposited with 
the Treasurer. 

Sect. 14. No conveyance of any estate, in fee or for 
life, in any lands belonging to the City, shall be deliv- 
ered until the purchase money is paid ; but the Mayor 
may, from time to time, release to any purchaser or his 
assigns, any one lot of land, when several lots were 
included in one contract or bond, on payment of an 
equivalent portion of the purchase money. 

Sect. 15. No expenditure of money, or contract 
requiring the expenditure of money, shall be made, 
under or by virtue of this ordinance, without the sanc- 
tion of the City Council, by an appropriation first made 
to meet such expenditure. 

Sect. 16. No member of the Board of Land Com- 
missioners shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in 
any contract, bargain, sale or agreement in relation to 
the pubHc lands, or any matter or thing connected 
therewith, wherein the city is interested, without an 
express vote of the City Council ; and any and all con- 
tracts, bargains, sales or agreements made in violation of 
this section, shall be at all times voidable by the city. 

Sect. 17. The Board of Land Commissioners shall 
annually, in the month of January, choose one of their 
number to be Chairman of the Board ; and said Board 
shall be competent to do or perform any act authorized 
by this ordinance, or which may hereafter be author- 
ized, at any meeting duly notified, when a majority of 
the members of the Committee on Public Lands, or a 
majority of the whole Board are present, but not other- 
wise. 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 77 

Sect. 18. An Ordinance in relation to Public Lands, 
passed July 22 d, 1850, repealed April 14, 1853, and 
revived, March 13, 1855, as printed on page 405, of the 
Eevised Ordinances of 1856, is hereby repealed; but 
such repeal shall not be construed to revive any ordin- 
ance whatever. [^Passed Dec. 26, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in addition to An Ordinance in relation 
to the weighing and marking of Lighters and other 
vessels, employed in the transportation of certain 
articles. 

Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Common Council of the City 
of Boston, in City Council assembled, as follows : 

Section 1. All stones, gravel, sand, or other ballast 
brought to the City of Boston by water, and sold by 
weight, to be delivered at any place in the said City of 
Boston, or into any vessel in the Harbor of said City, 
shall be inspected by the Inspectors appointed by the 
City of Boston. Provided, that this section shall not 
apply to sand sold for building purposes, unless the pur- 
chaser thereof shall request an inspection. 

Sect. 2. In any case of the sale by weight of stones, 
gravel, sand, or other ballast to be delivered at any 
place in the City of Boston, or into any vessel in the 
harbor of said city, it shall be the duty of one of said 
inspectors to go on board of the lighter, or other ves- 
sel containing the same, and inspect the marks of such 
lighter or other vessel, before and after the delivery of 
such stones, gravel, sand, or other ballast ; and the per- 
sons having charge of such lighter or other vessel shall, 



78 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

before such delivery, trim the same so as to make said 
lighter or other vessel swim at equal marks at stem and 
stern, if so required by the inspector, and shall pump 
all the water out ; and in case any person shall willfully 
hinder any inspector acting under this ordinance from 
going on board such lighter or other vessel, or shall 
begin to deliver therefrom the stones, gravel, sand, or 
other ballast, sold by weight, before such lighter or other 
vessel shall be trimmed to swim at equal marks, when 
so required by the inspector, and the water pumped 
out, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred 
dollars for every such offence. 

Sect. 3. Every person who shall deliver stones, 
gravel, sand, or other ballast sold by weight, when an 
inspection of the same is required by this ordinance, or 
the ordinance to which this is an addition, from any 
lighter or other vessel, which shall not have been 
weighed, marked, and inspected, as is provided in this 
ordinance and the ordinance to which this is an addi- 
tion, or which shall not have been weighed and marked 
under previous laws or ordinances, or shall alter or 
counterfeit the marks or certificate of any lighter, or 
other vessel, as aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not exceed- 
ing three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 4. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, 
sand, gravel, or other ballast, shall be three cents for 
every ton inspected and delivered, which shall in all 
cases be paid by the vendor of the same, and shall be 
repaid to him by the vendee. 

Sect. 5. This ordinance shall take effect immedi- 
ately on its passage. 



EECENT ORDINANCES, 79 

Sect. 6. The iliird, eighth, and ninth sections of the 
ordinance to which this is an addition, being; the ordi- 
nance printed on the fiftieth, fifty-first, and succeeding 
pages of the " Laws and Ordinances," pubHshed by 
order of the City Council in 1856, are hereby repealed. 
\Pas8edFeb. 16, 1857.] 



GOYEENMENT 



CI TY OF BOSTON 



1857. 



MAYOR. 

ALEXANDEE HAMILTON RICE, 

34 Union Park . 
[Salary, $4,000. Charter, § 15.] 



ALDERMEN. 



PELHAM BONNEY, 

BENJAMIN JAMES, 

OLIVER FROST, . 

JOHN THOMAS DINGLEY, 

PELHAM BONNEY, 

OSMYN BREWSTER, 

OTIS RICH, . 

JOSEPH MILNER WIGHTMAN, 

SOLOMON CARTER, 

SAMUEL HATCH, . 

SILAS PEIRCE, 

JAMES NUTE, 

TIMOTHY ALLEN SUMNER, 

11 



Chairman. 

Broadway, cor. O. st. 
25 Sheafe street. 
33 Fayette street. 
22 Lynde street. 
30 Hancock street. 
63 Chauncy street. 
189 Harrison Avenue. 
14 Friend street. 
16 Lincoln street. 

2 Somerset street. 
27 Havre street. 

2 East Brookline st. 



82 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

OLIVER STEVENS, President. 



"William Parkman, 
Henry L. Daltori; 
William A. Krueger, 
Jolin B. Wedger, 



Ward 1. 



18 Sheafe street. 
21 Sheafe street. 
42 Sheafe street. 
42 No. Bennet street. 



Ward 2. 



William C. Ford, 
Nehemiah Gibson, 
Benjamin F. Palmer, 
Benjamin Pond, . 



Charles Emerson, 
James M. Stevens, 
James J. Cobb, . 
Samuel Talbot, Jr., 



Ward 3. 



47 Saratoga street. 

Centre, cor. Orleans. 
31 Saratoga street. 
10 Winthrop street. 



11 Green street, 
10 Pitts street. 

American House. 
26 Portland street. 



Jacob A. Dresser, 
Oliver Stevens, . 
Francis B. Faxon, 
George N. Nichols, 



Ward 4. 



21 Somerset street. 

19 Court street. 

30 Temple street. 

3 Ashburton place. 



Joseph A. Pond, . 
William G. Harris, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
George A. Shaw, 



Ward 5. 



22 Allen street. 

3 Vernon street. 

8 Blossom street. 

50 Chambers street. 



83 



Ward 6. 



Ebenezer Johnson, 
Davis B. Eoberts, 
John S. Damrell; 
George W. Tuxburj, 



Rufus B. Bradford, 
John H. Barry, . 
Henry B. Bayley, 
George S. Hale, 



Frederick L. Washburn, 
David F. McGilvray, . 
James H. Beal, . 
Benjamin French, 



Newell A. Thompson, 
William B. Merrill, . 
Nahum M. Morrison, , 
Sidney A. Stetson, 



Joseph Smith, . 
David Bryant, . 
John R. MuUin, . 
John Tyler, 



59 Chestnut street. 
15 Pinckney street. 

3 Champney place. 

7 West Cedar street. 



Ward 7. 



16 Columbia street. 

114 Broad street. 

14 Avon place. 

11 West street. 



Ward 8. 



Winthrop House. 
17 Harrison Avenue. 
45 Chauncy street. 

Adams House. 



Ward 9. 



Frederick F. Thayer, . 
William F. Richardson, 
Josiah B. Richardson, 
Samuel W. Waldron, Jr., 



. 81 Boylston street. 

. 32 Marion street. 

. 37 South Cedar street. 

. 34 Fayette street. 

Ward 10. 

10 Common street. 
. 45 Hudson street. 
. 139 Harrison Avenue. 

1 East Castle street. 

Ward 11. 

. 51 Shawmut Avenue. 
1151 Washington street. 

2 Union Park. 
. 27 East Canton street. 



84 



Ward 12. 

Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr., . 247 Fourth street. 

Lewis C. WMton, . . F street, near Fourth st- 

Davis W. Bailey, . . Quincy, near Dorchester 

Henry Mason, . . . 308 Broadway. [st. 

City Cleric. 

SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, 81 Pinckney street. 

Salary $2,300, and for Assistant Clerks $2,600. [Chosen 
by City Council, in Convention, in January. Charter, § 30.] 

Cleric of Common Council. 
WASHINGTON P. GREGG, 18 Leverett street. 
Salary $1,200. [Chosen by Common Council, in January. 
Charter, J 34.] 

Messenger. 
OLIVER H. SPURR, 3 Bumstead place. 

Salary $1,100. [Chosen by City Council, in January or 
February. Ord. p. 344.] 

Assistant Messenger. 

J. EDWIN HUNT, 397 Hanover street. 

Salary $300. Appointed by Messenger. Ord. p. 345.] 



85 



COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON REDUCTION OF CITY DEBT. 
[Ord. p. 162.] 
The Mayor, President of the Common Council, and the Chair- 
man of the Committee on Finance on the part of the Com- 
mon Council. 



Aldermen. 

Osmyn Brewster, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Silas Peirce. 



ACCOUNTS. 
[Ord. p. 160.] 



Common Council. 

Newell A. Thompson, 
Joseph Smith, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
Henry L. Dalton, 
Jacob A. Dresser. 



assessors' department. 

[Ord. p. 544.] 



Aldermen. 
Joseph M. Wightman, 
Timothy A. Sumner. 



Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
Samuel W. Waldron, Jr. 
Henry E. Bayley. 



86 



Aldermen. 

Silas Peirce, 
Osmyn Brewster, 
Benjamin James. 



CLAIMS. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 10.] 

Common Council. 
Joseph. Smith, 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
William G-. Harris, 
George S. Hale, 
Francis E. Faxon. 



FINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 162.] 
The Mmjor, ex officio. 
The Chairman of Board of 
Aldermen, ex oficio. 



Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
David F. McG-ilvray, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
William F. Richardson, 
George S. Hale, 
James H. Beal, 
Lewis C.'Whiton. 



Aldermen. 

James Nute, 
Solomon Carter. 



FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 190.] 



Common Council. 

Charles Emerson, 
Nehemiah Gibson, 
Benjamin French. 



Aldermen. 
Solomon Carter, 
Joseph M. Wightman. 



FIRE ALARMS. 
[Ord. p. 187.] 

Common Council. 
John R. Mullin, 
Samuel Talbot, Jr. 
Davis W. Bailey. 



87 



HARBOE. 



Aldermen. 
Oliver Frost, 
James Nute. 



Common Council. 
Newell A. Thompson; 
Joseph Smith, 
William C. Ford. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 9.] 



Aldermen. 

John T. Dingley, 
Osmyn Brewster, 
Oliver Frost. 



Common Council. 

William F. Richardson, 
Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr. 
David F. McGilvraj, 
John R. Mullin, 
Henry L. Dalton. 



Aldermen. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Benjamin James, 
Silas Peirce. 



Aldermen. 
Pelham Bonney, 
John T. Dingley, 
Benjamin James. 



ORDINANCES. 

[Ord. p. 352.] 

Common Council. 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
Charles Emerson, 
Benjamin Pond, 
Josiah B. Richardson, 
Frederick F. Thayer. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 399.] 

Common Council. 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
James M. Stevens, 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
James H. Beal, 
William A. Krueger 



88 



PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 
[Mun. Reg. p. 9.] 



Aldermen. 

Joseph M. Wiglitman, 
Timothy A. Sumner, 
Solomon Carter. 



Aldermen. 
Benjamin James, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Otis Eich. 



Common Council. 

President Common Coun- 
cil, ex officio. 
Rufus B. Bradford, 
Frederick F. Thayer, 
George W. Tuxbury, 
George A. Shaw. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 
[Ord. p. 405.] 

Common Council. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Frederick L. Washburn,, 
Davis B. Roberts, 
Lewis C. Whiton, 
Barnet F. Warner. 



Alderman. 
Osmyn Brewster. 



Aldermen. 

Otis Rich, 
Oliver Frost, 
Samuel Hatch. 



PRINTING. 
[Ord. p. 395.] 



Common Council. 
William A. Krueger, 
Sidney A. Stetson. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 
[Ord. p. 324.] 

Common Coimcil. 
Jacob A. Dresser, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
David F. McGilvray, 
George N. Nichols, 
Rufus B. Bradford. 



J 



89 



TREASUEY DEPARTMENT. 



Aldermen. 
Timothy A. Sumner, 
Silas Peirce. 



Common Council. 

Joseph A. Pond, 
William Parkman, 
John Tyler. 



WATER. 
[Ord. p. 568.] 



Aldermen. 
Samuel Hatch, 
John T. Dingley, 
James Nute. 



Common Council. 

David Bryant, 
James M. Stevens, 
John B. Wedger, 
William B. Merrill, 
Benjamin F. Palmer. 



STANDINa COMMITTEES OF COMMON COUNCIL. 



Nahum M. Morrison, 
James J. Cobb, 
Henry Mason. 



Barnet P. Warner, 
John R. Mullin, 
Frederick F. Thayer, 
12 



ON ELECTIONS. 

[Mun. Reg. p. 21.] 

John S. Damrell, 
John H. Barry. 



ON STREETS. 



Francis B. Faxon, 
Benjamin F. Palmer. 



90 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 
[Mun. Keg. p. C] 



ARMOEIES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS. 

Aldermen Brewster, Hatch and Carter. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen Eich, James and Dinglej. 

CEMETERIES. 

Aldermen Nute, Peirce and Carter. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

Aldermen Hatch, Rich and Brewster. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Wightman, Sumner and Frost. 

FANEUIL HALL. 

Aldermen Bonney, Dingley and James. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Peirce, Brewster and Hatch. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen James, Nute and Rich. 

INTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Frost, Carter and Sumner. 

LAMPS. 

Aldermen Carter, "Wightman and Hatch. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Sumner, Rich and Bonney. 



J 



91 



JAIL. 

Aldermen James, Bonney and Peirce. 

MAEKET. 

Aldermen Frost, Dingley and Sumner. 

PAVING. 

Aldermen Ricli, Dingley and Frost. 

POLICE. 

Aldermen Bonney, Frost and Sumner. 

SEWEES. 

Aldermen Brewster, Rich and Nute. 

STEAM ENGINES, ETC. 

Aldermen Wightman, Nute and Peirce. 

STEEETS, LAYING OUT, ETC. 

Aldermen Dingley, Bonney and Wightman. 



92 
ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 

[Ord. p. 537.] 

Principal Assessors. — George Jackson, Henry Sargent, George 
E. Head, John D. Richardson. Salary, $1,400 each ; and 
$3,200 for Assistant Clerks. Per diem Assessors, John G. 
Davis, Wm. H. Lane, Benjamin FesSenden, with an allow- 
ance of $4 for each day's service. [Charter, §37.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1856, residing in different Wards. 



1 — Amos W. Cross, 

Benj. Dodd. 
2 — Abraham S. Foss, 

Geo. P. Dudley. 
3 — ^Edward Sands, 

Solomon Carter. 
4 — Silas P. Meriam, 

Joseph West. 
5 — Geo. W. Chipman, 

Chas. Leighton. 
6 — Chas. Brown, 

Thos. P. Rich. 



7_Calvin W. Clark, 

Joseph W. Merriam. 
8 — Thos. M. Brewer, 

James H. Beal. 
9 — Jesse Maynard, 
Holmes Ammidown. 
10 — Lemuel A. Cooledge, 

Charles B. Darling. 
11 — Benjamin Smith, 
J. W. F. Hobbs. 
12 — Joseph W. Howard, 
Lewis Tucker. 



Henry Sargent, Secretary. 

[The Assessors and Assistant Assessors are chosen by con- 
current vote of the City Council, in March. Statutes 1821, 
110, § 15. City Ordinances, p. 18. The Assistant Assess- 
ors receive $3 for each day's service.*] 



* By an order of the City Council passed February 26, 1856, eight hours consti- 
tute " a day's worli " for street duty, and six hours " a day's work " for office duty. 



i 



93 • 
BRIDGES. 

[Ord. p. 77.] 

Ebenezer C. Leman, Superintendent of the Boston Free Bridge. 
Salary $900, and rent of Shop on Bridge. [Chosen by- 
concurrent vote.] 

Abner J. Gaffield, Superintendent of the Boston South Bridge. 
Salary $400, and rent of House and Shop on Bridge. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Edward T. Stowers, Superintendent of the East Bostofi and 
Chelsea Free Bridge. Salary $200. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote.] 

James W. Leatherbee, Jr., Superintendent of the Mount Wash- 
ington Avenue Bridge. Salary $600. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote.] 

Abner Knight, Superintendent of the Eai-t Boston Free Bridge. 
Salary $300. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

[Ord. p. 175.] 

Chief Engineer. 
Geo. W. Bird, Hawthorn Place. Salary $1200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $250 each. 

DiST. 1. Nathaniel W. Pratt, 12 Cotting street. 

" 2. Richard S. Martin, 138 Charles street. 

" 3. David C. Meloon, 58 Lincoln street. 

" 4. David Chamberlain, 41 Albany street. 



94 



DiST. 5. Otis N. Marston, 1 Maiden Place. 

" 6. George F. Hibbard, South Boston Hotel. 

" 7. Joseph Dunbar, 4 Bennington street. 

At large, Zenas E. Smith, 5 Jefferson street. 

Charles S. Clark, 32 Snowhill street. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Fredericli A. Colburn, Secretanj. Salary 
[Chosen by Board of Engineers.] 

Foremen of Engines. 

Mazeppa Co. No. 1, Broadway, South Boston. 
William H. Cunningham, Gold, near E street. 

PerJcins Co. No. 2, Broadway, South Boston. 
Daniel Weston, Jr., 131 Fourth street. South Boston. 

Eagle Co. No. 3, Washington street. 
Edward W. Milliken, 46 Oak street. 

Cataract Co. No. 4, Foot of Mount Vernon street. 
John Prince, 97 West Cedar street. 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5, East street. 
William A. Rumery, 56 South street. 

Melville Co. No. 6, Leverett street. 
Calvin C. Wilson, 10 Cotting street. 

Howard Co. No. 7, Purchase street. 
Charles C. Henry, 201 Washington street. 

Boston Co. No. 8, Commercial street. 
Benjamin Tarbos, 6 Lathrop Place. 

Maverick Co. No. 9, Paris street, East Boston. 
John P. Somerby, Webster street. East Boston. 

Old North Co. No. 10, Meridian street, East Boston. 
Joseph Baker, Sumner street, East Boston. 



95 



Barnicoat Co. No. 11, Court Square. 
Henry A. Hunting, 5 Grove street. 

Tremont Co. No. 12, Tremoiit street. 
Oliver R. Robbing, 40 Pleasant street. 

Webster Co. No. 13, Chelsea street, East Boston. 
Thomas B. Tilton, 226 Princeton street. 

HooJc and Ladder Co. No. 1, Friend street. 
Moses Place, 50 Billerica street. 

HooJc and Ladder Co. No. 2, Paris street, East Boston. 
Charles Simmons, Orleans street. 

HooJc and Ladder Co. No. 3, Harrison Avenue. 
George W. Warren, 3 Rochester street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 1, Salem street. 
Charles E. Dunton, 24 Cooper street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 2, Hudson street. 
Moses C. Thompson, 31 Tyler street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 3, Wall street. 
Jerome Nevins, 5 Cushman Place. 

Hydrant Co. No. 5, Shawmut Avenue. 
Wm. H. Ford, 11 Fabin street. 

Hydrant Co. No. 6, Paris street. East Boston. 
Joseph Barnes, Liverpool street. East Boston. 

Steam Fire Engine, Miles Greenwood, Harrison Avemie, near 

city stables. 
Henry H. Drayton, 317 Broadway. 

There are attached to the department, 17 Foremen of 
Engine, Hook and Ladder, and Hydrant Companies, at $150 
each; 17 Assistant Foremen, at $125 eachj 17 Clerks, at 
$125 each; 17 Stewards, at $125 each; 514 Members, at 
$100 each; 5 Foremen, at $75 each; 5 Assistant Foremen, 



96 



at |60 each; 5 Clerks, at $60 each; 5 Stewards, at $60 eacli; 
140 members, at $50 each. There are three Engine Com- 
panies and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, and 1 Hydrant 
Company, at East Boston, which are not required to attend 
Eires in the City proper, except by special order of the Chief 
Engineer. Their compensation is as follows : Eoremen, $75 
each per annum ; Assistant Foremen, $60 each ; Clerks, $60 
each; Stewards, $60 each; Members, $50 each. 

FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 
[Ord. p. 187.] 

Central OJice, No, 8 City Building, Co2irt Square. 

Superintendent, J oseiph. B. Stearns. Salary $1,000 per annum. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Operators, John F. Kennard, S. F. Cutting, Adam McAfee, 
George S. Thom. [Salary $2.00 per day.] 

A constant watch is kept at the Central Office, night and 
day. Each operator is on duty four hours. Two persons 
are required to be about the office at all times for safety, in 
case of accident to any of the machinery, or sudden illness 
of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch unless 
expressly relieved by some one else. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for 
any omissions or mistakes, that may occur at the Central 
Office during his hour of duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each 
alarm, and of the District and Station from whence it 
originates. 

Alarms are transmitted to the Central Office, from the 
Signal stations or Boxes, by turning the crank in the Box. 
The Police, and a person resident near each Box, have each 
a key to the Boxes. 



97 



Alarms are usually given in less than a minute from the 
time the crank is turned in any Box, which is done in accord- 
ance with the following directions: — 

DIRECTIONS TO THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KEYS. 

1. If a fire is discovered in your vicinity, go to the near- 
est box in the District. 

2. Turn the crank twenty-five times, rather slowly at first, 
then quite fast at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as 
to direct the Firemen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn 
again. If still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The Police, upon hearing the bells, will spring their 
rattles and call the number of the District. 

The alarm will be given from the Central Station by strik- 
ing the number of the District on the bells, and tapping the 
number of the Station in the boxes. 

CAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in 
case of fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless 
called for by the City Authorities. 

There are 49 Signal Stations distributed and located in 
accordance with the following plan : — 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 
District, No. 1. 

East and North of Lever ett, Green, Court and State Streets. 
Station No. L — Faneuil Hall. 

2. — Corner Marshall and Hanover streets. 
3. — Richmond, east of Hanover street. 
4. — Eastern Railroad Wharf. 
5. — Constitution Wharf. 
13 



98 



Station No. 6. — Pliipps Place, corner of Charter street. 

7. — Cooper street Churcli. 

8. — Boston and Maine Eailroad Freight Depot. 

9. — Causeway, corner of Lowell street. 

10. — Yernon street, corner Leverett. 

11. — Sudbury street, Williams' stable. 
12. — Hull, corner of SnowMll street. 
13. — Engine House, No. 6 Wall street. 

District No. 2. 
West of Loivell, Green, Court, Tremont, and Boylston streets. 

Station No. 1. — Church in North Eussell street. 

2. — West Cedar, corner of Cambridge street. 

3. — Engine House, No. 4, foot of Mt. Vernon 

street. 

4. — West Centre, corner of Pinckney street. 
5. — Eeservoir, Hancock street. 

6. — Bowdoin, corner of Cambridge street. 

7. — Albion, Tremont street. 

8. — Poplar, corner of Spring street. 

District No. 3. 

Between the Water, Beach, Washington, Boylston, Tremont, 
Court and State Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Old South Church. 

2. — Central, corner of Broad street. 

3. — Belmont, corner of High street. 
4. — No. 21 Purchase street. 

5. — Lincoln, corner of Summer street. 

6. — Dr. Cabot's, Winter street. 

7. — Central Office, City Building. 

8. — Engine House No. 7 Purchase street. 



I 



J 



99 



DiSTRrcfT No. 4. 

Between Dover, the Water, Beach, Washington and Boylston 

streets. 

Station No. 1. — Old Colony Railroad Depot. 

2. — Hydrant House, No. 2 Hudson street. 

3. — Seneca street, near Harrison Ayenue. 

4. — Indiana Place Church. 

5. — Engine House, No. 12, Warren street. 

6. — Providence Railroad Depot. 

7. — Boylston Market. 

8. — Tremont, opposite end of Dover street. 

District No. 5. 
South of Dover street. 

Station No. 1. — Engine House No. 3. 

2. — Church on Shawmut Avenue, corner Wal- 

tham street. 

3. — Hydrant No. 5. 

4. — Shawmut Avenue, corner Chester Place. 

5. — Harrison Avenue, corner of Brookline 

street. 

District No. 6. 
Comprises South Boston. 

Station No. 1. — Broadway, corner of Dorchester Avenue. 

2. — Engine House No. 2. 

3. — Lyceum Hall. 

4. — Broadway, near Dorchester street. 

5. — 4th street, between L and M. 

6. — Washington Yillage. 

District No. 7. 
Comprises East Boston. 
Station No. 1. — Near Toll House, on Boston side. 



100 



HARBOR. 

Samuel Cook, Harbor Master. Salary $1200, and $800 for 
two Boatmen, and $150 for rent of Boat House. Chosen 
by concurrent vote annually, " if expedient." [Ordinances, 
p. 224.] 

Regulations. 
LAWS. 

Section 1. All vessels in the upper harbor are to anchor 
according to the directions of the Harbor master. 

Sect. 2. All vessels in the upper harbor, not intended to 
be hauled into some wharf immediately, must anchor below 
the range of India Wharf, and the easterly point of East 
Boston, either on the north or south side of the channel, 
designated by the following marks, viz. : on the south by the 
tall steeple in Hanover street, in range with the Granite 
block on Long Wharf; and on the north by Long Island Light, 
in range with the half moon battery on Governor's Island. 

Sect. 3. The master, commander, or owners of vessels, 
shall, as soon as practicable, after having hauled to the end 
of any wharf that extends to the channel in said harbor, 
cause her lower yards to be cock-billed, and her top-sail yard 
to be braced fore and aft, and her jib-boom to be rigged in, 
and the yards and jib-boom shall be kept so arranged, while 
such vessel lies at the end of the wharf, as aforesaid, and 
until she is preparing immediately to leave her berth. 

Sect. 4. All vessels found lying in the stream, not 
anchored according to the regulations, and not having a suf- 
ficient crew to move them, will be moved by the Harbor Mas- 
ter at the vessel's expense. 

Sect. 5. No person shall throw or deposit in said harbor, 
or any part thereof, any stones, gravel, ballast, cinders, ashes, 
dirt, mud, or other substances, which may, in any respect, 
tend to injure the navigation thereof. 



101 



Sect. 6. No warp or line shall be passed across the mouth 
of any slip, for the purpose of hauling any vessel by the said 
slip before the vessel shall be within one hundred- feet of 
said slip, if the owners or occupants thereof object, unless 
the Harbor Master may think it necessary. 

Sect. 7. All vessels at anchor in the harbor of Boston, 
shall keep an anchor watch at all times, and shall keep a 
clear and distinct light suspended at least six feet above the 
deck, during the night ; and whenever the provisions of this 
section shall be violated on board any vessel, the master or 
owners shall be liable to a penalty of not more than twenty 
dollars, to be recovered in the manner provided in the act 
to which this is in addition, and shall be held liable to pay all 
damages that may be occasioned by such violence. 

Under no circumstances whatever are vessels permitted to 
anchor in the track of the ferry boats, or in Fore Point 
Channel. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish Regidations con- 
cerning the Harbor of Boston. 

Section 1. The Harbor Master shall have authority to 
regulate the anchorage of all vessels in the upper harbor of 
Boston, and when necessary, to order the removal of such 
vessels, and to cause the same to be removed in obedience to 
such order, at the expense of the master or owners thereof; 
and if any person shall obstruct said Harbor Master in the 
performance of any of his duties, as prescribed by this act, 
or by the act to which this is in addition, or shall neglect or 
refuse to obey any lawful order made by said Harbor Mas- 
ter, he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars 
for each offence. 



102 



HEALTH. 



EXTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 



John M. Moriarty, Fort Physician, resident at Deer Island. 
Salary $200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote. 
City Ordinances, p. 270.] 

George Loring, Captain of the Steamer Henry Morrison, 
which runs daily from the City to Deer Island. [Pay $250 
per month for the boat and crew.] 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, 
and the men are paid by the City. She is used as a board- 
ing boat, and visits all vessels coming from foreign ports, 
to inspect their crews, passengers, and cargoes. 

INTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 

Ezra Forristall, Superintendent of Health. Salary $1,400. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Daniel B. Curtis, Assistant Supt. Salary $720. [Appointed 
by Superintendent, and confirmed by the Board of Alder- 
men. Ord. p. 275.] 

Henry G. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1,000. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote. Office, City Building, Court Square. 
City Ordinances, p. 268.] 

George Hayward, James Ayer, Jacob Bigelow, John Jeffries, 
D. H. Storer, Consulting Physicians. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote. City Ordinances, p. 261.] 

Nicholas A. Apollonio, City Registrar. Salary $1,200. [Cho- 
sen by concurrent vote of the City Council. City Ordin- 
ances, p. 271.] 

David W. Foster, Clerk. Salary $850. 



103 



George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 

The City Registrar has the Superintendence of the Burial 
Grounds and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, 
and Marriages, and grants Certificates of all Intentions of 
Marriage. 

UNDERTAKEES. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ordinances, 

p. 272.] 

Caleb I. Pratt, 179 Federal street. 

Oren Faxon, 700 Washington street. 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Richard Dillon, 2 Avery place. 

John Peak, 7 Leverett street. 

Constant T. Benson, 82 Prince street. 

Harum Merrill, 5 West Brookline street. 

John White, 51 Meridian street. East Boston. 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Lowell Institute. 

William Cooley, 42 Cambridge street. 

Charles Cook, 125 Hudson street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 

David Marden, 3 Revere place. 

John W. Pierce, 12 Purchase street. 

Nahum P. Whitney, 128 Brighton street. 

James Lynde, 23 Snowhill street. 

John D. Ingersoll, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 214 Broadway. 

Luther L. Tarbell, 14 N. Russell street. 

David Gugenheimer, 102 Warren street. 

Job T. Cole, 132 Fourth street. 

Jacob C. Phelps, 1 Winter place. 

George Johnson, Jr., 1 Pitts place. 

Thomas Pearce, 145 Fourth street. 

Nicholas Roach, 7 Athens street. 

Wm. H. Brown, 35 Bennington street. 

Francis Laver}^, 35 A street. 



104 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER 
ISLAND. 

The Directors, Overseers and Visitors of the different Insti- 
tutions, and the Master, of the House of Correction, are 
chosen by concurrent vote of the City Council. The other 
oJHicers are appointed by the Directors of the different 
Houses. 

HOUSE OP INDUSTRY, AT DEER ISLAJSTD. 

Office, City Hall. 
Directors. — Wm. Dall, Chairman, John Flint, John Cowdin, 
David F. McGilvray, John C. Bucknam, Mark Googins, and 
Timothy C. Kendall. [Chosen by concurrent vote, in May. 
Ordinances, p. 301.] Clerk of the Directors, William Wil- 
lett. Salary $1,200. [Appointed by Directors.] 

The Board meet the first Thursday at Deer Island ; the 
third Thursday at the House of Reformation; all other 
Thursdays at their ojfice. City Hall. 

John M. Moriarty, Superintendent and Physician. Salary 
$1,000. [Appointed by Directors.] 

There are also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston and 
Mason Funds, to the Chaplain, $500 ; Teacher of Boys, 
$500 ; Assistant Teacher, $300. 

HOUSE OF REFORMATION AT SOUTH BOSTON. 

This Institution was established for the Education and 
Reformation of juvenile offenders, and is under the care of 
the Directors of the House of Industry. 

In the House of Reformation Department, there is paid to 
the Male Teacher, $700, and to two Assistants $300 each; 
and to the Matron, $200. [These officers are appointed 
by the Directors.] 



105 

HOUSE OP COEEECTION. 

Office, City Building, Coiirt Square. 

Overseers. — Thacher Beal, Chairman; Ezra H. Baker, Brad- 
ley N. Cumings, Thomas D. Demond, Otis Norcross, Wm. 
F. Nichols, Farnham Plummer. i [Chosen by concurrent 
yote, in May. Ordinances, p. 282.] 

The Board meet at City Building on Friday afternoons. 

Master. — Charles Robbins. Salary $1200, and board in 
House. 

Deputy Master. — Silas P. "Walker. Salary $600, and board 
in House. 

Cleric to Master. — P. R. Irwin. Salary $450, and board in 
House. 

Cleric to Overseers. — Guy C. Underwood. Salary $800. 

Chaplain.— Rgy. J. T. Burrill. Salary $1100. 

There is also paid to eight Male Assistants, $450 each, and 
board; two at $350, and four at $300. Two Female 
Assistants, at $250 each, and two at $200, and one at 
$300. 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Visitors. — Stephen Tilton, Chairman ; Otis Kimball, Joseph 
Buckley, Otis Rich, William H. Cairo w, William Parkman, 
John L. Emmons. [Chosen by concurrent vote, in January 
or February. Ordinances, p. 341.] 

The regular Meetings of the Board are held at the Hos- 
pital on the second Tuesday of every month, and at the City 
Hall on the fourth Tuesday of every month. 

Clement A. Walker, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to 
the above Institution and House of Correction. Salary 
$1500, and board in the House. [Chosen in June, by the 
Visitors. Ord. p. 341.] 
14 



106 



There are also attached to this Institution, one Male and 
one Female Supervisor. Seven Male Attendants, $180 each; 
seven female Attendants, $130 each; one Laundress and one 
Housekeeper, at $156 each; two Cooks, at $2 per week; one 
Sempstress, at $2.50 per week; House Attendant, at $2 per 
week. 

The Gate Keepers to the enclosures of the Institutions at 
South Boston receive $600, which amount is shared hj the 
three Institutions. 

OVERSEERS OP THE POOR. 

■ Office, City Hall. 
Charter, (§ 52.) 
( Chosen in each Ward where they reside. J 

Ward 1 — John Pratt, 195 Salem street. 

2 — Samuel Stinson, 4 New street. 

3 — Simeon P. Adams, 177 Court street. 

4 — Silas Durkee, 50 Howard street. 

5 — John White, 38 Leverett street. 

6 — Thomas Haviland, 63 Chestnut street. 

7 — Jacob Todd, 6 Hartford place street. 

8 — John W. Warren, 49 Harrison Ave. (Chairman.) 

9 — Seth Hall, 20 South Cedar street. 
10 — Israel S. Trafton, corner Hudson and Harvard sts. 
11 — Daniel C. Berry, 154 Shawmut Avenue. 
12 — Thomas Leavitt, 111 Dorchester Avenue. 
James Phillips, Secretary. 

The Board meet on the first and third Wednesdays of 
every month, at 3 P. M., at their office. City Hall. 

The Overseers of the Poor are likewise incorporated as a 
Board of Trustees of John Boylston's and other charitable 
funds, left for the assistance of persons of good character 
and advanced age, " who have been reduced by misfortune to 
indigence and want." 



107 



John W. Warren, Treasurer and Clerk of tlie Corporation. 

The meetings of the Board of Trustees are held in April 
and October. 



LAMPS. 

Wm. Barnicoat, Superintendent of Lamps. Ojffice, City Build- 
ing. Salary $1,000 per annum, and $200 for Clerk hire. 
[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ordinan- 
ces, p. 317.] 

There are 2,022 Gas Lamps in City proper; 252 in East 
Boston; 215 in South Boston. Total, 2,489. 

There are 593 Fluid Lamps in Boston proper; 228 in East 
Boston; 369 in South Boston; in Washington Village 64. 
Total, 1,190. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS, 

[Ord. p. 399.] 



The Public Buildings of the City and County comprise the 
City Hall, the Eegistry of Deeds, the Court House, Faneuil 
Hall, and Eaneuil Hall Market House, the new Stone Jail 
and Dead House, the Institutions at South Boston and Deer 
Island, the Old State House, the City Building, (so called,) 
all the Grammar and Primary School Houses, and all the 
Engine, Hydrant, and Hook and Ladder Houses in the City, 
besides other buildings used for public purposes. 



108 



Samuel C. Nottage, Superintendent of Public Buildings. Of- 
fice, City Hall. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by concurrent 
vote.] 

Henry Taylor, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall. Salary $200. 
[Appointed by Mayor and Aldermen. Ord. p. 146.] 



PUBLIC LANDS. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 73.] 

The Board of Public Land Commissioners, Benjamin James, 
Chairman ; Samuel Hatch, Otis Rich, Newell A. Thompson, 
Frederick L. Washburn, Davis B. Roberts, Lewis C. 
Whiton, Barnet F. Warner, Robert Codman, Francis J. 
Parker., 

Robert W. Hall, Superintendent of Public Lands. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

The Superintendent has the care and custody of all the Pub- 
lic Lands belonging to the City, " except the Common, the 
Land and flats west of Charles street, Deer Island, the 
lands connected with the Public Institutions at South Bos- 
ton, or any other lands held for specific purposes." 

Joseph M. Sherburne, Superintendent of the Common, Malls 
and Public Squares. . Salary $1,000. [Appointed by the 
Committee on the Common, &c.] 



109 
PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

[Ord. p. 324.] 
Instituted A. D. 1852. 

Trustees. — ^on. Edward Everett, President, George Ticknor, 

John P. Bigelow, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Wm. W. Green- 

ough, Oliver Frost, Frederick L. Washburn. [Chosen by 

concurrent vote.] 
Librarian. — Edward Capen. Salary |1,200. [Chosen by 

concurrent vote.] Samuel M. Bedlington, Assistant. 

The Library is open every day, with the exception of Sun- 
days and the holidays, for the delivery of booJcs for home use, 
from 3 to 8 o'clock, P. M. ; and the Reading Room connected 
therewith is open from 9 A. M. to 9.30 P. M., both of which 
privileges are enjoyed freely by all who agree to conform to 
the regulations of the Public Library. 

The Library is, at present, situated in the Adams School 
House Building, in Mason street. Joshua Bates, Esq., of 
London, whose early life was passed in Boston, having offered 
to this City the munificent sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars 
towards the purchase of Books for the Public Library of the 
City, if the City would erect a suitable building for that pur- 
pose; on the 24th of February, 1853, an order was passed 
by the City Council, authorizing the Committee on the 
Library, in conference with the Board of Trustees, to pur- 
chase a suitable site for the erection of a building which 
should be fully adapted to the purpose of Mr. Bates's dona- 
tion. Accordingly said Committee purchased two estates on 
Boylston street, opposite the Common. 

And the following Board of Commissioners has been ap- 
pointed by the City Council, to prepare plans, and superin- 
tend the erection of a suitable building on said site. 



110 

Commissioners on the erection of a Building for the FuUic 

Library. 

[Ord. p. 326.] 

Eobert C. Winthrop, President.] Pelham Bonney, 



Samuel G, Ward, 
Nathaniel B. Sliurtleff, 
Edward Everett, ^^'""^^Ym] 

Edward Capen, Clerk 



Joseph A. Pond, 
William Parkman, 



MARKET. 

[Ord. p. 149.] 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market. Sal' 

ary $1,200. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 
Amos Dodge, Deputy Superintendent. Salary $800 per annum. 
Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 

The limits of Faneuil Hall Market include the lower floor, 
porches and cellars of the building called Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket, and the streets on each side thereof called North Mar- 
ket street and South Market street, except the northerly 
sidewalk of North Market street and the southerly sidewalk 
of South Market street; and also all those parts of Commer- 
cial street and the street lying between the Market building 
and Faneuil Hall, which lie between the inner lines of said 
sidewalks extended easterly and westerly across said street. 



POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

Appointed by Mayor and Aldermen. 
[Ord. p. 386.] 

This department is under the immediate direction of the 
Mayor. It is employed in the detection of criminals, and 



i 



Ill 



has the superintendence of places of public amusement, car- 
riages, wagons, trucks, pawnbrokers, junk shops, intelligence 
offices, &c. 

Under the present organization, the Police are divided into 
day and night police ; the night police performing the duties 
devolving on watchmen. 

Daniel J. Coburn, Chief of Police. Salary $2,200. Office, 
City Hall. Luther A. Ham, First Police Deputy. Salary 
$1,200. Hezekiah Earl, Second Police De-puttj. Salary 



Horace G. Barrows, Clerk of Police. Salary $1,000. 

Rufus C. Marsh, Superintendent of Coaches, Carriages, ^c. 

George W. Oliver, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, S^c. 

There are eight Police Stations, the location and officers of 
which are as follows : — 

Station No. 1. 
Old Hancock School House, Hanover street. 
Edward H. Savage, Captain. 
Arnold C. Whitcomb, Nathaniel G. Davis, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 2. 

Williams Court. 
William K. Jones, Captain. 
Oliver Whitcomb, Harrison Marsh, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 3. 
Levereit street. 
Samuel G. Adams, Captain. 
Asa Morrill, Alfred H. Porter, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 4. 
Washington street, at Boylston Market. 
William D. Eaton, Captain. 
John S. Hunt, Geo. Churchill, Lieutenants. 



112 



Station No. 5. 
Canton street •place. 
George M, King, Captain. 
Cyrus Small, William Chadbourn, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 6. 

Broadway, South Boston. 
Robert Taylor, Captain. 
George Smitb, John L. Philbrick, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 7. 
Pajis street, above Maverick Square. 
Nathaniel Seaver, Captain. 
Thomas S. Adams, Alvan S. Drew, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 8. — (Harbor Police.) 
Commercial street, opposite Union Wharf. 
"William B. Tarleton, Captain. 
William E. Hough, Stephen Curtis, Lieutenants. 





constables. 




[Ord. p. 115.] 


' 


Appointed and Qualified. 


Moses Bass, 




Albert G. Dawes, 


Wm. Blaisdell, 




Charles H. Dennie, 


Wm. H. Brown, 




George B. Dexter, 


Wm. Calder, 




David M. R. Dow, 


Silas Carlton, 




Ephraim Eliot, 


Lemuel Clark, 




Eben F. Gay, 


Derastus Clapp, 




Wade H. Goodwin, 


Wm. 0. Cheswell, 




Zaccheus Holmes, 


Rufus R. Cook, 




John C. Harrington, 


Isaac A. Cooledge 


} 


Alex. Hopkins, 


Daniel B. Curtis, 




Luther Hutchins, 


James Curtis, 




Fred. P. Ingalls, 



113 



Edward J. Jones, 
Robert E. Keith, 
John Y. Kendall, 
John T. Lawton, 
John C. Leighton, 
Wm. H. Mason, 
Harum Merrill, 
Thomas L. Mizner, 
Charles H. Moore, 
William Munroe, 
Henry Nichols, 
John C. Pattee, 
David Patterson, 
Nathaniel A. Pennock, 
John L. Philbrick, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
Isaac Pierce, 



Jabez Pratt, 
Wm. P. Reed, 
Edwin Pice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
Charles Smith, 
James E. Spear, 
Elijah K. Spoor, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Henry C. Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
John G. N. Taylor, 
Jacob 0. Tallant, 
Geo. W. Tuckerman, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 
Edward A. Yose, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson. 



The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the 
Citizens on Election Day. 

Ward. 

1 — James E. Spear. 

2 — Wm. Munroe. 



3_Wm. Calder. 
4— Geo. D. Phillips. 
5 — David Patterson. 
6_Wm. Whitwell. 



Ward. 

7 — Nathaniel A. Pennock. 

8 — Charles Smith. 

9 — Isaac A. Cooledge. 
10 — Zaccheus Holmes. 
11 — Albert G. Dawes. 
12 — John T. Lawton. 



Constables appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make 
complaints against Truant Children and Absentees from 
School. [City Ordinances, p. 546, 549. Salary $1,000 
each per annum.] 



William F. Peed, 
John C. Pattee, 
15 



John Y. Kendall. 



114 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

Messrs. Geo. C. Rand & Avery, 3 Cornliill. City Printing. 
Work done by contract. [City Ordinances, p. 396.] 

The newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertisements, 
4'c., are published, comprise all the daily papers. [Elected 
by the City Council, in February or March.] 



SEWERS. 

[Ord. p. 487.] 

Simeon B. Smith, Superintendent of Common Sewers. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1,000. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



SOLICITOR. 

[Ord. p. 489.] 

John p. Healy, City Solicitor, Office, No. 46 Court street. 
Salary $2,500. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



STREETS. 



The Board of Aldermen are Surveyors of Highways. [Char- 
ter, § 41.] 

Alfred T. Turner, Superintendent of Streets, Office, City Hall. 
Salary $1,700. [Chosen by concurrent vote. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 520.] 



115 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Frederic U. Tracy, City and County Treasurer and Collector 
Salary $3,000 ; and $6,000 for permanent assistant clerks, 
$1,100 of which is paid to a clerk, whose duty it is to re- 
ceive money for the Water Rates. [Chosen by the City 
Council in Convention, in May, City Charter, § 42.] 

DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



Ephraim L. Eliot, 
Henry Nichols, 
Edwin Rice. 



James Pierce, 

Alexander Hopkins, 

Eben F. Gay, 

Moses Bass, 

[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, § 1, 13. 
City Ordinances, p. 537. They are also appointed Constables 
by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 
Elisha Copeland, City Auditor. Salary $2,500, and $1,900 for 

clerk hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Coun- 
cil, in May. City Ordinances, p. 160.] 



WATER DEPARTMENT. 

[Ord. p. 568. Mun. Reg. p. 67.] 
COOHITUATE WATER BOARD. 

Office 119^ Washington street. 



Samuel Hatch, 
Tisdale Drake, 
Charles Stoddard, 



John H. Wilkins, Chairman. 

John T. Dingley, 
Thomas P. Rich, 
Samuel Hall. 



[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 
Samuel N. Dyer, Clerk. 



116 



Win. F. Davis, Water Registrar. Salary $1,300. 
Office, City Building, Court square. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote. Ordinances, p. 571.] 

CITY ENGINEER. 

James Slade. Salary $2,800. 

N. Henry Crafts, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1,200. 

Office 119J Washington street. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote. Ordinances, p. 425.] 



The following City Officers are paid by fees, and are annu- 
ally appointed by the City Council. [Ordinances, p. 330, 
346.] 

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

George W. Cram. Office 25 Doane street. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote. City Ordinances, p. 330.] 
Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General. 

Surveyors of Fine Licmber. 

Timothy Abbot, - - 21 Broadway, South Boston. 

Francis Allen, - - - 226 Shawmut avenue. 

Charles BuUard, - - 14 Fayette street. 

Martin H. Cross, - - 122 Lexington street. 

George Davis, - - - 4 West Brookline street. 

Erastus J. Fowler, - - 11 Meridian st.. East Boston. 

Thomas H. Holland, - - 42 Harvard street. 

George Hall, - - - 20 Causeway street. 

William T. Hight, - - 78 Princeton st.. East Boston. 

William Keith, - - - 4 Lyndeboro' place. 

John Lefavor, - - - 2 Porter st.. East Boston. 

Josiah Marston, - - 206 Fourth st.. South Boston. 

Thomas Milliken, - - 37 Ash street. 

Bradbury G. Prescott, - 122 Lexington street. 

George Page, ... G st., near Broadway, So. 

Charles W. Smith, - - 10 Camden st. [Boston. 



117 



Charles H. Simpson, - - 61 Fayette street. 

Edward Willett, - - 35 Porter street. 

Samuel Waldron, - - 238 Fourth st, South Boston. 

Shadrach Wade, - - 54 Hanson street. 

Sui'veyors of Oak and Ship Stock. 

Seth Brooks, - - - - Saratoga, near Meridian 

street, East Boston. 

Charles Brooks, - - - 75 Meridian st., E. Boston. 

Osgood Eaton, - - - 38 Hull street. 

Henry J. Fowler, - - - Border st., near People's 

Ferry, East Boston. 

Gad Leavitt, - . - . Franklin House. 

E. Kirk Sparrell, - - - 159 Border st., East Boston. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 

Nathaniel Bryant, - - - 31 Dover street. 

Surveyor of Marble. — Thomas J. Bayley. 

Inspector of Lime. — Andrew Abbot. 

Fence Viewers. — Guy C. Haynes, Melzar Stetson. 

Cullers of Dry Fish. — Nehemiah P. Mann, Moses Miller. 

Cullers of Hoops and- Staves. — Lewis Beck, Benjamin Abbot. 

Assay Master. — Samuel F. Guild. 

Field Drivers and Pound Keepers. — Samuel Stinson, Thomas 
Johnson. 

Inspectors of Ballast a7id Weighers of Boats and Lighten-. — 
Abijah R. Tewksbury, Henry Curtis, John Davis, Robert 
Keith. [Appointed in March or April. Ordinances, p. 48.] 

The following are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
Weighers of Hay, ^r. — North Scales. — John R. Bradford. 
South Scales. — Joshua B. Haydeu. [•Ordinances, p. 237.] 



118 



Measurers of Upper Leather. — William Bragdon, Benjamin B. 
Webster. [Ordinances, p. 321.] 

Measurers of Wood a7id Bark. — Timothy Abbot, B. G-. Pres- 
cott. [Ordinances, p. 598,] 

Measurer of Grain. — Nymphas Davis. [Stat. 1855, chaps. 
232, 422.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from time to time, 
until the first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 137.] 

Sealers of Weights and Measures. — Dexter A. Tompkins, 
Henry A. Davis. [Ordinances, p. 583, 592.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Israel M. Barnes, 
Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, Caleb W. Hartshorn, 
Joseph Urann, Henry R. Andrews, Charles S. Kendall. 
[Ordinances, p. 235.] 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 



SUPEEIOR COTJRT. 
[Ord. p. 231.] 

This Court, established by the Legislature of 1855, in 
place of the Court of Common Pleas, for the County of Suf- 
folk only, holds its terms in Boston on the first Tuesdays of 
January, March, May, July, September, and November, annu- 
ally. [Act 1855, chap. 449.] 

Chief Justice.— Albert H. Nelson, Salary $3,200. 

Associate Justices. — Charles P. Huntington, Josiah G. Abbott, 
Stephen G. Nash. Salary $3,000. 

Clerk.— J ose-ph Willard. Salary $2,000. 

Assistant Clerk. — Joseph A. Willard. Salary $1,500. 

Crier. — James Boyle. 



119 



MUNICIPAL COURT. 
[Ord. p. 119.] 

The duties of Judges of the Municipal Court of the City of 
Boston, are performed by the Justices of the Superior 
Court, or some one of them. [Act 1855, chap. 449, sec. 
16.] 

George W. Cooley, Attorney. 

Augustus 0. Brewster, Assistant Attorney. [Stat. 1856, 
chap. 67.] 

Thomas W. Phillips, Clerk. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 

SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

John M. Clark, Sheriff and Jailer. 
Deputies. 



George W. Loud, 
William P. Baker, 
Alonzo P. Neale, 



Benjamin P. Bayley, 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Prancis 0. Irish, Chelsea. 



William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailer. 

Jabez Pratt, Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Jacob Herrick, Charles H. Stedman, William Andrews, 
William M. Cornell, Jasper H. York, J. S. H. Pogg. Eras- 
tus Rugg, Chelsea. Hamlet Bates, N. Chelsea. Edward 
Ployd, Winthrop, Coroners. 

POLICE COURT. 
[Ord. p. 124.] 

John Gray Rogers, Abel Cushing, Thomas Russell, Justices of 
the Police Court and of the Justices^ Court. Salary $2,200 
each. [Rev. Stat. ch. 87.] 



120 



Thomas Power, Cleric. Salary $1,800. [Ord. pp. 90, 93, 97.] 

JVilliam Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1,600. [Rev. Stat. 
ch. 87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary 
$1,500. Daniel E. Smith, Third Assistant Clerk. Salary 
$900. 

The Judge of Probate and the Justices of the Police Court 
are the Inspectors of Prisons. [Revised Statutes, p. 784. 
Act 1843, ch. 61, § 2.] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. Salary $150. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police 
Court, constitute the Board of Accounts for the County. 
[Revised Statutes, p. 164. Ord. p. 130.] They arc 
allowed $3 for each day's actual service in auditing the 
County Accounts. 

William Knapp, Secretary of the Board. Salary $150. 

William Easterbrook, Keeper of the County Court House. Sal- 
ary $700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant Keeper. Salary $700. [Appointed 
by Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme 
Court.] 

Silas Warren, Superintendent of the Lock-ups under the Court 
House. [Detailed for this duty from the Police Depart- 
ment, by the Chief of Police.] 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

FOR 1857. 



Hon. Alexander H. Rice, Mayor, Ex officio. 
Oliver Stevens, President of the Common Council, Ex officio. 



TEEM EXPIEES JAN., 1858. 



TEEM BXPIEES JAN., 1859. 



Ward. 

1-Ephraim Buck, 
George Fabyan. 

2-James N. Sykes, 
Marcus B. Leonard. 

3-Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Isaac H. Hazelton. 

4-Nath'l B. Shurtleff, 
Ezra Palmer, Jr. 

5-Joshua Gr. Wilbur, 
Frederick Emerson. 

6-George W. Tusbury, 
John C. Stockbridge. 

7-Le Baron Russell, 
Bobert W. Hooper. 

8-George H. Lyman, 
John B. Alley. 

9-Otis A. Skinner, 
William W. Baker. 

10-William M. Cornell, 
Sam'l J. M. Homer. 

11-Horatio R. Storer, 
James A. Fox. 



12-D. McB. Thaxter, Jr 
Thomas Dawes. 



Adino B. Hall, 
Albert Day. 

Edwin Wright, 
Edwin A. Hill. 

Daniel P. Simpson, 
E. D. G. Palmer. 

Francis E. Parker, 
Benjamin S. Shaw. 

Henry A. Miles, 
T. R. Marvin. 

Chandler Bobbins, 
Jabez B. Upham. 

(Vacancy.) 
Charles D. Homans. 

Samuel W. Bates, 
Thomas M. Brewer. 

John P. Putnam, 
William Beck. 

George M. Randall, 
Enoch C. Rolfe. 

George Eaton, 

J. Everett Herrick. 



TEEM EXPIEES JAN.. 



Matthias Rich, Jr., 
Micah Dyer, Jr. 

Warren H. Cudworth, 
J. Wesley Hinckley. 

Silas F. Plimpton, 
Erastus W. Sanborn. 

Alonzo A. Miner, 
Aurelius D. Parker. 

Joseph L. Bates, 
Arthur H. Poor. 

Samuel K. Lothrop, 
John Codman. 

Patrick Riley, 
Henry W. Haynes. 

Rufus Ellis, 

J. I. T. Coolidge. 

William Read, 
John Newell, 

Thaddeus Allen, 
Edmund B. Dearborn. 

Samuel B. Cruft, 
Luther Parks, Jr. 



William W. Dean, 
George P. French. 



Charles S. Porter, 
Henry A. Drake. 

John D. Philbrick, Superintendent of PiMic Schools. Office 
in City Hall. Office hours from 12 to 2 o'clock, P. M. 

Barnard Capen, Secretary of the School Committee. 

16 



ORGANIZATION 



BOARD OF SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS. 



Messrs. William Beck, 2 Change Avenue. 
Ephraim Buck, 146 Salem street. 
Joseph L. Bates, 129 Washington street. 
J. I. T. CooLiDGE, Beach st., opposite Edinboro' st. 
Arthur H. Poor, 10 Eaton street. 

COMMITTEE ON RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

Messrs. George W. Tuxburt, 5 Court street. 

Samuel K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 
Frederick Emerson, 1 Lynde street. 
George Eaton, 1189 Washington street. 
Otis A. Skinner, 60 Allen street. 

committee on salaries. 

Messrs. Henry A. Drake, 88 State street. 
William W. Baker, 40 State street. 
James A. Fox, 42 Court street. 
Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 
Theo. R. Marvin, 42 Congress street. 

committee on accounts. 

Messrs. William W. Baker, 40 State street. 

J. I. T. CooLiDGE, Beach street, opp. Edinboro'. 
Benjamin S. Shaw, 2 Bowdoin street. 
Enoch C. Rolpe, 563 Washington street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 



I 



123 



COMMITTEE ON TEXT-BOOKS. 



Messrs. Feancis E. Parkee, 30 Court street. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Le Baeon Russell, 1 Otis place. 
J. Phelps Putnam, 19 Court street. 
Chandler Robbins, 80 Mt. Vernon street. 



committee on school houses. 



Messrs. Robeet W. Hoopee, 107 Beacon street. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Nathaniel B. Shuetleff, 2 Beacon street. 
Albeet Day, 4 Latlirop place. 
Samuel B. Ceuft, 201 Shawmut Avenue. 



LATIN AND HIGH SCHOOLS. 



LATIN SCHOOL, BEDFOED STEEET. 
COMMITTEE. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtlefp, 2 Beacon street. 
Feancis E. Parkee, 42 Court street. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Edwin Weight, 9 Joy's Building. 
Aethue H. Pooe, 10 Eaton street. 

Francis Gardner, Master. 

Charles J. Capen, William R. Dimraock, Edwin A. Gibbens, 

William Kinne, and Leonard Walker, Ushers. 
Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 
N. B. M. De Montrachy, Teacher of French. 



124 



ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL, BEDFORD STREET 
COMMITTEE. 

S. K. LoTHROP, 12 Chestnut street. 

Henry A. Miles, 21 Bromfield street. 

George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 

Luther Parks, Jr., 88 Dover street. 
Thomas Sherwin, Master. 
Luther Robinson, Fhst Sub-Master. 
Charles M. Cumston, Second Sub-Master. 
Luther W. Anderson, and Ephraim Hunt, Ushers. 
Frederick D. Williams, Teacher of Drawing. 
G. De Fonteny, Teacher of French. 



girls' high and normal school, mason street. 

committee. 

Lb Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 
Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
Thomas M. Brewer, 8 Edinboro' street. 

Wm. H. Seavey, Master. 

Mary A, Currier, Head Assistant. 

Harriet E. Caryl, Caroline E. Sparrell, Maria A. Bacon, and 

Margaret A. Badger, Assistants. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 
Wm. N. Bartholomew, Teacher of Drawing. 
Jules Malignon, Teacher of French. 



125 



THE SCHOOL DISTRICTS 

ARRANGED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER. 



ADAMS SCHOOL DISTEICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



James N. Sykes, Chairman, 8 Terrace place. 

J. Wesley Hinckley, Secretary, 29 Meridian street. 

Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 

Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 

Edwin A. Hill, 74 Princeton street. 

Edwin Wright, 134 Lexington street. 



Adams School, Belmont Square, East Boston. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Master. 

Robert C. Metcalf, Sub-Master. 

Jane S. Tower, and Mary P. Moulton, Head Assistants. 

Lucy A. Wiggin, Eliza A. Wiggin, Jane M. Hight, Charlotte 
L. Stock well, Sarah J. DArcy, Hannah Chadbourne, Assist- 
ants. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Susan H. M. Swan, 
Elizabeth Lincoln, 
Louise Pratt, 
Sarah Wiggin, 

Elizabeth H. Allen, 
Frances W. Redding, 
Susan D. Wilde, 
Helen A. Plumley, 
Esther L. Morse, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 

No. 1 Sumner street* 

2 " " 

3 " 

4 " «« 

No. 1 Webster street. 
2 " 
3 

4 «' " 

5 " " 



Sub- Committees. 
■Mr. Sykes. 

Mr. Cudworth. 



126 



BIGELOW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Duncan McB. Thaxter, Jr., Chairman, 370 Broadway. 

Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 

Charles S. Porter, 301 Broadway. 

Thomas Dawes, G street, near Fourth. 

William W. Dean, 134 Broadway. 

George P. French, 378 Broadway. 

Bigelow School, Fourth street, South Boston. 

Joseph Hale, Master. 

Julia M. Baxter, Celinda Seaver, and Rachel C. Mather, 
Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Martha C. Jenks, Elizabeth Williams, Ellen L. Ashcroft, 
Mary E. Page, Olive A. Leighton. 

Caroline E. Poree, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 

Annie C. Gill, 
Elizabeth A. Groves, 

Lucy E. Lovell, 
Sarah E. R. Manning, 

Tiley Ann Balcom, 
C. Augusta Mott, 

Adeline M. Sheldon, 
Emeline L. Tolman, 



Location. 



Siih-Committees. 



No. 1-Bigelow Sch. ho. \ Messrs. Dawes, and 



1-Lyceum Hall. 

1-Wash, Village. 

2 " " 



Ruth S. Dillaway, Mattapan Hall. | 



Drake. 

Messrs. French and 
Porter. 

Messrs. Porter and 
French. 

Messrs. Drake and 
Dean. 

Messrs. Dean and 
Porter. 



■) Me 



127 



BOWDOIN SCHOOL DISTEICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Chandler Eobbins, Chairman, 80 Mt. Vernon street. 

Benjamin S. Shaw, 2 Bowdoin street. 

Ezra Palmer, Jr., 1 Tremont place. 

J. G-. Wilbur, 135 Cambridge street. 

G-. W. Tuxbury, 5 Court street. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 

Jabez B. Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 

John C. Stockbridge, 42 Charles street. 

Silas F. Plimpton, 7 Green street. 

Alonzo a. Miner, 28 Green street. 

Bowdoin School, Myrtle street. 

Daniel C. Brown, Master. 

James Robinson, Assistant Teacher of Arithmetic. 

Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mary S. Robinson, Marcy Ann Smith, Mary A. Proctor, 
Hannah S. Andrews, Martha A. Palmer, Mary M. Clapp, 
Elizabeth B, Mitchell, Sarah R. Andrews, Sophia B. Horr. 
Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS.. 



Teachers. 


Location. 




Suh- Committees, 


Lucy A. Clark, 
Mary A. Howe, 


No. 1-Bowdoin Sq. cb 

2 " " 




Mr 


. Miner. 
Plimpton. 


C. Eliza Wason, 
Charlotte A. Curtis, 


1-Joy street, 
1-Fruit street. 






Tuxbury. 
Phmpton. 


S. Elizabeth Adams, 
Marianne Stephens, 


1-May street, 

2 " 






Shaw. 
Stockbridge. 


F. D. R. Whitman, 
Lydia A. Woodward, 
Sarah A. Cashing, 


1-Blossom street, 

2 

3 


} 




Wilbur. 
Miner. 


Rebecca R. Thayer, 
Harriet N. Pike, 
Malverda N. Parker, 


1-Franklin street, 
2 «' " 
3 






Palmer. 

ShurtlefF. 

Upham. 



128 



BOYLSTON SCHOOL DISTEICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

AuEELius D. Parker, Chairman. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Charles D. Homans, 12 West street. 
Robert W. Hooper, 107 Beacon street. 
Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 
Chandler Bobbins, 80 Mt. Yernon street. 
J. Phelps Putnam, 19 Court street. 
Patrick Riley, 10 Lincoln street. 
Henry W. Haynes, 35 Court street. 

Boylston School, Fort Hill. 



Charles Kimball, Master, 
William P. Harding, Usher, 



William T. Adams, Sub-Master. 
Mary Gr. Clement, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Clarinda K. F. Treadwell, Rosetta M. Hodges, Sarah E. Moulton, 
Ellen M. S. Treadwell, Mary S. Smith, Ellen McKendry, 

Maria A. Moulton, Caroline Leavitt, Sarah J. Knight. 

Eliza A. Baxter, Teacher of Serving. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Maria A. Botch, 
Margaret F. Tappan, 
Maria W. Parker, 
Eliza M. Ayres, 
Mary E. Sawyer, 
Abby M. Parker, 
Emily Peaslee, 
Maria B. Clapp, 

Celeste Weed, 
H. Isabella Hopkins, 
Adelia E. Edwards, 
A. E. N. Treadwell, 

Angelia M. Newmarch. 
Octavia C. Heard, 
Maria J. Coburn, 

Julia B. Lombard, 
Anna M. Lecain, 
Harriette B. Cutler, 
Lydia B. Felt, 



primary schools. 
Location. 

No. 1— Lane place, 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

5 " 

6 " 



9 " 

1-Fort Hill, 
2 " " 
B " " 

2-Williams street, 

3 

4 <' <t 

1-Purchase place, 

1-Belcher lane, 

2 

2 " " 



Suh- Committees. 

Messrs. Russell and 
Bobbins. 



Messrs. Parker and 
Putnam. 



Messrs. Riley and 
Haynes. 



Messrs. Hooper and 



Messrs. Homansand 
Codman. 



4 



129 



BRIMMER SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



George H. Lyman, Chairman, 152 Tremont street. 
Otis A. Skinner, 60 Allen street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 
William Beck, 137 Pleasant street. 
George M. Randall, 201 Harrison avenue. 
John Newell, Adams House. 
Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard Court. 
William Read, 713 Washington street. 

Brimmer School, Common street. 

Joshua Bates, Master, Fred. A. Sawyer, Sub-Master, 

William L. P. Boardman, Usher, Anna L. Grage, Head Assistant. 



Mary E. Beck, 
Mary M. Knight, 
Margaret S. Knight, 



assistants. 



Ellen B. Cunningham, Helen H. Chaffee, 
Augusta H. Farrar, Rebecca L. Duncan, 
Susan P. Cunningham. 



Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 
Elizabeth Goodrich, 
E. F. Andrews, 
Sarah R. Bowles, 
Mary B. Swett, 
Dorcas B. Baldwin, 
Deborah Burgess, 
Anne M. Bourne, 
C. M. E. Richardson, 
Rebecca J. Weston, 
Sarah E. Gillespie, 
Priscilla S. Taft, 
Eliza E. Foster, 



No.l 
1 



Location. 
-Brimmer Sch. ho. 
-Warren street. 



2 

3 

4 << «« 

5 
6 
1-Newbern place, 

2 " " 

8 

1- Warren street ch. 
2 " " 



Sub- Committees. 
Read and Skinner. 

Alley and Lyman. 



> Read and Newell. 

[• Newell and Randall. 

Beck and Allen. 
Lyman and Alley. 
Allen and Beck. 



'I Ski 



inner and Read. 



17 



130 



CHAPMAlf SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

Edwin Wright, Chairman, 134 Lexington street. 
Edwin A. Hill, Secretary, 74 Princeton street. 
Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 
James N. Stkes, 8 Terrace place. 
Marcus B. Leonard, 7 Meridian street. 
J. Wesley Hinckley, 29 Meridian street. 

Chapman School, Eutaw street. 

John P. Ave rill, Master. 

Albert G. Boyden, Sub-Master. 

Estelle Ditson, and Philura Wright, Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Adeline E. Clapp, Anna E. Walker, 

Mary E. Morton, Mary Stone, 

Elizabeth F. Dickason, Helen M. Caldwell, 

Mary A. H. Pingrey. 

Mary A. Conley, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 
Hannali F. Crafts, 
Louisa Curtis, 
Lucretia B. Foster, 

Huldah H. Mitchell, 
Mary D. Day, 
Emily C. Sturtevant, 
Jane E. Beale, 
Susan 0. Macreading, 
Sarah A. Pratt, 

Mary E. Morse, 
Mary 0. Smith, 
Mary E. Dickinson, 



Location. 

1 Lexington street, 

2 " " 
3 

1 Porter street. 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

1 Saratoga street, 

2 " " 

1 " (No. 376.) 



J 



Suh- Committees. 



Mr. Wright. 



Mr. Hill. 



Mr. Hinckley. 



131 



DWIGHT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

George Eaton, Chairman, 1189 Washington street. 

James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 

Enoch 0. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

Samuel B. Cruft, 201 Shawmut avenue. 

Luther Parks, Jr., 88 Dover street. 

William W. Baker, Nassau st., near Harrison avenue. 

Horatio R. Storer, 7 West Chester street. 

J. Everett Herrick, West Dedham street. 



D wight School, Springfield street. 

James A. Page, Master of Boys' Department. 
J. Frank Bailey, Usher. 
Anna 0. Ellis, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Lucretia S. Josselyn, 

Caroline L. Tyler, 

Almira W. Hodges, 

Martha H, 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 
George B. Hyde, Master of Girls' Department 
Eliza A. Harding, Head Assistant. 



Charlotte H. Little, 
Emmabel S. Bailey, 
Martha M. Hobbs, 
Gould. 



Louisa Tucker, 
Susan E. Green, 



assistants. 

Frances A. Keller, 
Janet M. Crighton, 
Elnora G. Wright. 
Eleanor L. Brown, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 
Eliza Gr. Swett, 
Augusta A. Davis, 
Eliza C. Gould, 
Jane P. Titeomb, 
Henrietta Draper, 
Betsey H. Warren, 
Clara B. Gould, 
Mary A. Hall, 
A. Jennie Bolden, 
Mary F. Moore, 
Elizabeth Newman, 



Location. 


Sub- Committee 


No. 1-Rutland street. 


Mr. Cruft. 


2 

3 
4 


Mr. Rolfe. 


Mr. Storer. 


5 


Mr. Herrick. 


6 


Mr. Fos. 


Old D wight School House, 


Mr. Baker. 


(< (( (( (< 


Mr. Parks. 


i< ii ii a 


Mr. Fox. 


(< a a a 


Mr. Eaton. 



132 



ELIOT SCHOOL DISTEICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



George Fabyan, Chairman, 191 Salem street. 
Ephraim Buck, 146 Salem street. 
Daniel P. Simpsoist, 5 Crescent place. 
Edward D. G-. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 
Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 
Albert Day, 4 Lathrop place. 
MiCAH Dyer, Jr., 14 Charter street. 
Matthias Eich, Jr., 2 Baldwin place. 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 44 Salem street. 



Samuel W. Mason, Master, 
Lucian Hunt, Usher, 



Eliot School, North Bennett street. 

McLaurin F. Cooke, Sub-Master, 
Abby A. Marsh, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Sophia Shepard, 
Fanny R. Richardson, 
Sarah T. Jones, 
Emily T. Shattuck, 



Elizabeth M. Turner, 
Caroline A. Conant, 
Anna E. Dyke, 
Frances M. Bodo;e. 



Gertrude Taylor, 
Angeline M. Cole, 
Clara H. Nickerson, 



Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY schools. 



Teachers. 
Abigail S. Rich, 
Harriet S. Boody, 
Sarah C. Chevaillier, 
Louisa Myers, 
Clarissa Davis, 
Cornelia A. Adams, 
Susan A. Vose, 
Louisa A. Leavitt, 
Eliza Brintnall, 
Mary A. Cushing, 
Sarah Ripley, 
Susan M. Fisher, 
L. Isabelle Tewksbury, 
Helen M. Warner, 
Sarah E. Stone, 
Maria A. Gibbs, 



Location. 


Suh- Committees 


No. 1-Snelling place, 

2 


Mr. Fabyan. 
Mr. Buck. 


3 


Mr. Palmer. 


4 
5 


Mr. Dyer. 
Mr. Hall. 


6 

1-22 Charter street, 


Mr. Day. 
Mr. Sanborn. 


2 " " " 


Mr. Dyer. 


3 " 

A 11 (( ie 


Mr. Simpson. 
Mr. Rich. 


1-rear 22 Charter st.,) 

2 " " " 1 
3 


Mr. Sanborn. 


Mr. Hall. 


1-Hanover avenue, 


Mr. Palmer. 


2 


Mr. Rich. 


3 


Mr. Day. 



133 



FEANKLIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



George M. Randall, Chairman, 201 Harrison avenue. 

J. I. T. CooLiDGE, Beach street, opposite Edinboro' st. 

RuFus Ellis, 4 Exeter place. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

George Eaton, 1189 Washington street. 

Luther Parks, Jr., 88 Dover street. 

Samuel B. Cruft, 201 Shawmut avenue. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

Edmund B. Dearborn, 60 Tyler street. 

Horatio R. Storer, 7 West Chester street. 

J. Everett Herrick, West Dedham street. 

Franklin School, Washington street. 
Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

HEAD ASSISTANTS. 

Catherine T. Simonds, Abby A. Johnson, Charlotte M. Moore. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Sarah A. Gale, Mary J. Leach, Mary A. Mitchell, 

Elizabeth M.Bradbury, Elizabeth J. Brown, Abby L. Taft, 
Harriet N. Haskell. 

Maria S. Wolcott, Teacher of Sewing. 

L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 




Sub- Committees. 


Jane S. Hobart, 


No. 1-G-enesee street, 




Mr. Randall. 


Susan M. ChafFee, 
Abbie K. Sweetser, 


2 
3 


} 


Mr. Coolidge. 


Helen E. Eaton, 


1-West Castle streetj 




Mr. Allen. 


Emeline J. Brown, 


2 " <' " 




Mr. Storer. 


Josephine Gr. Whipple, 
Ellen Wright, 


1-Indiana place. 

2 


\ 


Mr. Dearborn. 


H. M. Faxon, 


1-Croton street, 




Mr. Parks. 


Lucy M. Beck, 


2 




Mr. Ellis. 


Caroline A. Miller, 


3 




Mr. Herrick, 


Eliza Ann Tirrell, 


4 




Mr. Eaton. 


H. M. Coolidge, 


5 




Mr. Rolfe. 


Eliza J. Dyer, 


6 




Mr. Cruft. 



134 



HANCOCK SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Ephraim Buck, Chairman, 146 Salem street. 
Francis E. Parker, 30 Court street. 
George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 
Sajiuel a. Bradbury, 7 State street. 
Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 
Edward D. G-. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 
Daniel P. Simpson, 5 Crescent place. 
Albert Day, 4 Lathrop place. 
Micah Dyer, Jr., 14 Charter street. 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 44 Salem street. 
Alonzo a. Md^er, 28 Green street. 

Hancock School, Richmond place. 

George Allen, Jr., Master. 
Phineas G. Parmenter, Sub-Master. 
Eliza T. Swift, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Henrietta L. Pierce 
Sarah E. White, 
M. R. Brigham, 



Achsah Barnes, 

M. Sherman, 

Mary S. Gale, 

Angelina A. Brigham 
Mary A. McKay, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Mary J. Wason, 
Emily 0. Spencer, 
Frances Wilmarth, 



Teachers. 

Elizabeth F. Pettes, 
Sarah L. Shepard, 
Sarah F. Ellis, 
Nancy B. Seaver, 
Mary E. Keith, 
Emily A. Tewksbury, 
Elizab"eth F. Frye, 
Margaret W. Hall, 
Sarah F. Whitmore, 
Harriet B. Vose, 
Cordelia R. Reed, 
Martha F. Boody, 
Mary B. Viles, 
Anna E. Page, 
Susan Page, 
Betsey L. Canedy, 
Anna H. Burns, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 

No. 1-Thacher street, 
2 
3 

1-N. Margin street. 
2 

1-Hanover street, 
2 
3 

1-Bennett avenue, 
2 

1-Sheafe street, 
2 
3 

1-Cooper street, 
2 

3 
4 



Suh- 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Committees. 
Simpson. 

Parker. 



Mr. Miner. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 

Mr. 

Mr. 
Mr. 



Dyer. 

Sanborn. 

Day. 

Fabyan. 

Hall. 

Palmer. 

Bradbury. 



135 



HAWES SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Thomas Dawes, Chairman, G- street, near 4th. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
Charles S. Porter, 301 Broadway, 
William W. Dean, 134 Broadway. 
George P. French, 378 Broadway. 
Edmund B. Dearborn, 60 Tyler street. 



Hawes School, Broadway, South Boston. 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. William S. Clarke, Usher. 

Mary E. Balch, Head Assistaiit. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Georgiana Watts Martha A. Dearborn, 

Myra S. Butterfield, Laura Bartlett, 

Lucy R. Lloyd. 
Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 

Teachers. Location. Suh- Committees, 

Cynthia H. Sears, No. 1-rear Hawes sch. ho. ) Messrs. Dean and 

Caroline S. Burrill, 2 " " " ] Porter. 

Elizabeth T. Dodge, 1-BIanchard's Build'g, ) Messrs. Drake and 

Mary H. Faxon, 2 " " j Dearborn. 

Elizabeth S. Kettell, 2-City Point, ) Messrs. Porter and 

Susan W. Smith, 4 " " | French. 



136 



LAWRENCE SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

Charles S. Porter, Chairman^ 301 Broadway. 
D. McB. Thaxter, Jr., 370 Broadway. 
Henry A. Drake, 251 Broadway. 
James A. Fox, 843 Washington street. 
William M. Cornell, 630 Washington street. 
Thomas Dawes, G- street, near Fourth. 
William W. Dean, 134 Broadway. 
George P. French, 378 Broadway. 
Samuel B. Cruft, 201 Shawmut avenue. 

Lawrence School, Third street, South Boston. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Master. 
Henry C. Hardon, Sub-Master. L. F. Bradley, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Lucy Floyd, E. S. JefFerds, Marie Ann Hale, 

Margarette A. Moody, Mary J. Newmarch, Mary Jane Meader, 
Alice Cooper, Olive M. JefFerds, Louisa C. Richards, 

Kate Towne. 

Sarah J. Bliss, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 

Lucinda Smith, 
Harriet A. Horton, 
Hannah C. Merritt, 
Mary E. Fox, 
Elizabeth C. Toombs, 
Lucy B.Howard, 
Mary A. Macnair, 
Mary V. Dillaway, 
Rebecca H. Bird, 
Mary K. Davis, 
Susan S. Sproul, 
Mary Lincoln, 
Sarah K. Grlover, 
Anna R. Thornton, 



Location. 
No. 1-Silver street, 
5 

2 " "^ 

3 " 

6 " 

Mather sch. house, 
Lawrence sch. " 



1-Broadway, 

Mather sch. house, 

C< (i ii 

Lawrence sch. ho. 



Sub- Committees. 

) Messrs. Dean, French, 

) Drake, Cruft, and Fox. 

) Messrs. French, Dean, 

j Drake, Cruft, and Fox. 

) Messrs. Drake, Dean, 

]■ French, Cruft, & Fox. 

) Messrs. Cornell and 

) Dawes. 

i Messrs. Dawes and 

i Cruft. 

) Messrs. Fox and 

I Dean. 

) Messrs. Thaxter and 

j Drake. 



137 



LYMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Marcus B. Leonard, Chairman, 7 Meridian street. 

Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 

Jambs N. Sykes, 8 Terrace place. 

Edwin Wright, 134 Lexington street. 

Edwin A. Hill, 74 Princeton street. 

Matthias Rich, Jr., 2 Baldwin place. 

J. Wesley Hinckley, 29 Meridian street. 



Lijman School , Meridian street, East Boston. 

Ho sea H. Lincoln, Master. 

James F. Blackinton, Sub-Master. 

Mary 0. Bulfincli, Mary S. Gage, Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Emeline French, 
Cordelia Lothrop, 
Almira G. Smith, 



Mary A. Turner, 
Amelia H. Pitman, 
Fanny R. Edmunds, 



Eliza F. Russell, 
Clara M. Crosby. 



Mary A. Titcomb, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 
Hannah L. Man son, 
Marion W. Atkins, 
Angeline M. Cudworth, 
Hannah C. Atkins, 
Emily C. Morse, 
Rosa L. Morse, 
Esther L. Morse, 
Annette A. Webster, 

18 



Location. 

1-Paris street, 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

5 " 

6 " 
6- Webster street, 

Adams School Ho. 



Sub- Oommittees. 

>• Mr. Leonard. 

Mr. Rich. 
Mr. Leonard. 

- Mr. Rich. 

Mr. Cudworth. 
Mr. Sykes. 



138 



MAYHEW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Charles D. Homans, Chairman, 12 West street. 
Daniel P. Simpson,, 5 Crescent place. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 7 State street. 
S. K. LoTHROP, 12 Chestnut street. 
T. R. Marvin, 42 Congress street. 
Aurelius D. Parker, 20 Court street. 



Mayhew School, Hawkins street. 

Samuel Swan, Master and Teacher of Vocal Music. 

Alfred 'E.Qyfm^, Sub-Master. Quincy E. Dickerman, Usher. 

Emily A. Moulton, Head Assistant. 



assistants. 



Elizabeth L. West, 
Elizabeth P. Hopkins, 
S. W. I. Copeland, 



•Adeline F. Cutter, 
Caroline H. Rice, 
Helen H. Pearson. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 
C. W. Callender, 
Mary E. Parker, 
Permelia Stevens, 
Carolitie Wason, 
Maria E. Clapp, 
Bethia Whiting, 
Harriet M. Warren, 
Harriet A. Farrow, 
Harriet L. Chester, 



Location. 

No. 1-Cross street, ") 

2 " " I 

4-Mayhew sch. house, 
1-So. Margin street, \ 
2-Merrimac street, ) 
3-Mayhew scb. house, 
1-Old Hancock sch. ho. 

9 " <' «< '< 

1-Friend street, 



Siib- Committees. 

Mr. Homans. 

Mr. Marvin. 

Mr. Bradbury. 

Mr. Hazelton. 
Mr. Lothrop. 
Mr. Parker. 
Mr. Simpson 



139 



PHILLIPS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

John C. Stockbridge, Chairman, 42 Charles street. 

Benjamin S. Shaw, 2 Bowdoin street. 

Joseph L. Bates, 129 Washington street. 

J. Baxter Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 

Henry A. Miles, 15 Allen street. 

John Codman, 4 Conrt street. 

Joshua G. Wilbur, 135 Cambridge street. 

Phillips School, West Centre street. 

James Hovey, Master. 

Amphion Gates, Sub-Master. John M. Colcord, Usher. 

Helen L. Gilson, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Eliza F. Copeland, 
Clara W. Cushman, 
Elvira M. Harrington, 
Gertrude A. Brown, 



Lucy S. Nevins, 
Hannah M. Sutton, 
Mary L. Glover. 



Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 

Mary A. Allen, 
Sarah A. M. Turner, 
Lydia F. Poole, 
Caroline P. Eastman, 
Abby A. Lincoln, 
Eliza A. Corthell, 

Sarah Ingalls, 
Harriet H. King, 
Emeline D. Fish, 
E-uth M. Sanborn, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Location. 

No. 1-Southac street, 

2 

3 

4 " <« 



Suh- Committees. 

) Messrs. Bates and 
) Stockbridge. 
) Messrs. Codman 
) and Bates. 



1-West Cedar street, ) Messrs. Upham 



j and Shaw. 

) Messrs. Miles and 

\ Wilbur. 

\ Messrs. Shaw and 

j Upham. 

Charles st. church, | ^f .^f " ^*?fr 

) bridge and Shaw. 

) Messrs. Wilbur 

j and Miles. 



1-Phillips seh. ho. 
2-Joy street. 



1-Western avenue, 



140 



QUmCY SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

RuFUS ElliS; Chairman, 4 Exeter place. 

"William M. Cornell, 630 Washington street. 

Samuel W. Bates, 46 Washington street. 

J. I. T. Coolidge, Beach, opposite Eclinboro' street. 

George M. Randall, 201 Harrison avenue. 

S. J. M. Homer, 102 Federal street. 

William Beck, 137 Pleasant street. 

Thomas M, Brewer, 8 Edinboro' street. 

THADDi!us Allen, 1 Harvard Court. 

Patrick Eiley, 10 Lincoln street. 

Quincy School, Tyler street. 

•Charles E. Valentine, Master. B. W. Putnam, Sub-Master. 
Richard E. Putnam, and Edward Gay, Ushers. 
Josephine L. Tucker, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Lydia A. Hanson, E. Maria Simoncls, Caroline A. Morris, 

Angelina A. Moulton, Harriet D. Hinckley, Mary T. W. Beal, 
Emeline 0. Yinton, Olive M. Page, Lizzie H. Goodale, 

Charlotte L. Wheelwright. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 
Sophronia N. Herriek, 
Hannah A. Lawrence, 
Adeline Stockbridge, 
Lucy C. Haskell, 
Mary C. Greene, 
Charlotte L. Young, 
Elizabeth S. Emmons, 
Hannah E. Moore, 
Caroline M. Grover, 
Caroline L. P. Torrey, 
Prances Torrey, 
Mary A. Hunt, 
Hannah L. Billings, 
Emily B. Peck, 
Harriet A. Dow, 



No. 1- 

2 

3 
4 
1- 

2 

3 

1- 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

1- 

2 



Location. 
■East st. place, 

ii (I (( 

-E. Orange street, 
-Tyler street, 



Hudson street. 



Sub Committees. 

Mr. Allen. 

Mr. Eiley. 

Mr. Beck. 
Mr. Kandall. 
Mr. Homer. 

Mr. Brewer. 

Mr. Cornell. 
Mr. Randall. 
Mr. Ellis. 
Mr. CooHdge. 



141 



WELLS SCHOOL DISTEICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

JIenry a. Miles, Chairman, 15 Allen street. 
Frederick Emerson, 1 Lynde street. 
Joseph L. Bates, 129 Washington street. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leverett street. 
Joshua G-. Wilbur, 135 Cambridge street. 
T. R. Marvin, 29 Lynde street. 
Arthur H. Poor, 10 Eaton street. 
Silas F. Plimpton, 7 Green street. 

Wells School, Blossom street. 

Eeuben Swan, Jr., Master. William H. Swan, Sub-Master. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Sarah J, Lothrop, Juliana Sparrell, 
Maria E. Chase, Mary S. Carter, 

Jane M. Bedford, Teacher of Sewing. 
Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Lydia S. Chandler, 
Sarah E. Wiffffin. 



pelmary schools. 



Teachers. 


Location. 






Suh- Committees 


Mary L. Bailey, 


No. 1-Wall street, 






Mr. Hazelton. 


Anna A. James, 


2 " 






Mr. Wilbur. 


Elizabeth W. Snow, 
Augusta H. Foster, 


3 " 

4 " 




} 


Mr. Marvin. 


Lucy M. A.Eedding, 


5 " 






Mr. Poor. 


Elmina R. Housley, 


6 " 




^ 


Mr. Hazelton. 


Elizabeth S. Grater, 


1-Milton " 






Mr. Poor. 


Elizabeth S. Foster, 


2 <. 






Mr. Plimpton. 


Mary A. H. Cotting, 


2-Spring street 


place. 




Mr. Bates. 


Mary S. Watts, 


1-Wells School house, 




Mr. Emerson. 



142 



WINTHROP SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Thomas M. Brewer, Chairman, 8 Edinboro' street. 

Samuel W. Bates, 46 Washington street. 

Otis A. Skinner, 60 Allen street. 

George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 

William W. Baker, Nassau st., near Harrison avenue. 

John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

John P. Putnam, 97 Boylston street. 

S. J. M. Homer, 102 Federal street. 

John Newell, Adams House. 

William Kead, 713 Washington street. 

Winthrop School, Tremont street. 
Kobert Swan, Master. 

HEAD ASSISTANTS. 

Susan A. W. Loring, Martha E. Towne, 

Eebecca P. Barry, Almira Seymour. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizabeth R. Briggs, 
Caroline A. Rogers, 
Martha I. Cotton, 



Mary Jane Danforth, 
L. Ellen Sprague, 
Hannah H. Hosmer, 
Georgianna E. Sparrell. 

Rebecca W. Bell, Teacher of Sewing. 
L. H. Southard, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Ehza J. Reed, 
Julia C. Bird, 
Maria L. S. Holbrook, 



PRIMARY schools. 



Teachers. 
Sarah E. Lewis, 
Mary A. Easterbrook, 
Mary E. Parker, 
Sarah Eveleth, 
Anna 0. Jones, 
Mary B. Browne, 
Eliza A. C. Day, 
Harriet A. Bettis, 
Priscilla Johnson, 
Elizabeth S. Bailey, 
Ehzabeth C. Frink, 



Location. 

No. 1-East street, 

2 " " 

3 " " 

4 (( tc 

1-Bumstead court, 
2 " " 

1-Essex place, 

2 " " 



Suh- Committees. 

Messrs. Baker, 
Putnam, Read, 
and Newell. 

\ Messrs. Alley and 
j Lyman. 
\ Messrs. Bates 
) and Baker. 



1-South street court, ") Messrs. Homer, 

2 " " " i- Read, and 

3 " " " ) Brewer. 



143 



WARD OFFICERS 



1857 



Warden. 
Samuel B. Krogman. 

Clerk. 
George D. Ricker. 



Warden. 
C. M. A. Twitchell, 

Clerk. 
William D. Macy. 



Warden. 
Henry Davis. 

Clerk. 
Warner E. Hale. 



Ward No. 1. 

Inspectors. 
Charles E. Dodd, 
Jeremiah 0. Winklej, 
William F. Clark, Jr. 
Enoch H. Snelling, Jr. 
James L. Yialle. 
Ward No. 2. 

Inspectors. 
Jairus Pratt, Jr. 
William S. Harrington, 
Samuel Hall, Jr. 
George S. Wentworth, 
John B. Drew. 

Ward No. 3. 

Inspectors. 
Caleb Barker, 
Asa D. Pattee, 
Nathaniel B. Shaw, 
George H. Lane, 
William C. Burgess. 



144 



Warden. 



John Hill. 



Clerk. 



Charles Hale. 



Warden. 
James Longley. 

Clerk. 
Pelham Bonney, Jr. 



Warden. 
Thomas F. Nutter. 

Clerk. 
Frederic S. Hill. 



Warden. 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Clerk. 
T. W. Clarke. 



Warden. 
Stephen G. Deblois. 



Clerk. 



S. G. Clarke. 



Ward No. 4. 

Insjjectors. 
Farley F. Couaut, 
Thomas R. Jacobs, 
George B. Darling, 
Freeland Marble, 
William H. Hinckley. 
Ward No. 5. 

Inspectors. 
Frederic Whiton, 
E. W. Danforth, 
A. G. Wyman, Jr. 
John S. Pear, 
Joseph Allen. 

Ward No. 6. 

Inspectors. 
Benjamin C. Piper, 
Charles H. Mann, 
John Prince, 
John H. Jackson, 
William W. Winthrop. 

Ward No. 7. 

Inspectors. 
James H. Thorndike, 
Charles J. McCarthy, 
T. A. Bridge, 
Henry G. Dunn, 
Ira C. Gray. 

Ward No. 8. 

Inspectors. 
Charles 0. Rich, 
Henry C. Allen, 
George 0. Brigham, 
P. B. Burke, 
William D. Crockett. 



145 



Warden. 
Francis Richards. 

Cleric. 
Joseph L. Drew, Jr. 



Warden. 



Abijah Ellis. 



Clerh, 



Otis Orne. 



Ward No. 9. 

Inspectors. 
Charles W. Morris, 
Charles Hayden, 
George W. Deane, 
Humphrey Jameson, 
P. Henry Dix. 

Ward No. 10. 

Inspectors. 
Moses C. Thompson, 
James W. Allen, 
Edwin J. Swett, 
Henry H. Burgess, 
Jacob Norris. 



Ward No. 11. 



Warden. 
S. S. Ridgway. 

ClerJc. 
Haynes L. Eichardson. 



Inspectors. 
Roswell D. Tucker, 
William S. McG-owan, 
John D. Brayton, 
Augustus P. Melzar, 
Oren P. Clark. 



Warden. 
James B. Robb. 

Clerk. 
Joel Baker, Jr. 

19 



Ward No. 12. 

Inspectors. 
Prancis Lavery, 
Hugh H. Goodwin, 
Caleb S. Jones, 
George B. Mitchell, 
Willard K. Poole. 



146 



WARD S. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of 
the Eastern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street 
to Richmond street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, 
across Hanover street to Salem street ; thence by the centre 
of Salem street to Cooper street; thence by the centre 
of Cooper street, crossing Charlestown street to Beverly 
street ; thence by the centre of Beverly to Causeway street ; 
thence across Causeway street, and in the same direction 
with Beverly street, to . the water 5 thence by the water to 
the point begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the 
Eitchburg Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the 
central line of Beverly street if extended to the water; 
thence by such line and the centre of Beverly street to 
Charlestown street; thence across Charlestown street, and 
by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by 
the centre of Salem street to Richmond street; thence by 
the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by 
the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by the 
centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre 
of Green street to Leverett street ; thence by the centre of 
Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence by the centre of 
Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the centre of 
Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street, to the water; thence by the water to the 
point begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of 



147 



the Eastern Packet Pier ; thence across Commercial street 
to Richmond street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street 
to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hanover street 
to Court street ; thence by the centre of Court street to 
Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Stan- 
iford street; thence by the centre of Staniford street to 
Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and 
Mount Yernon street to Park street; thence by the centre 
of Park street to Tremont street; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to Winter street; thence by the centre of 
Winter street to Washington street ; thence by the centre 
of Washington street to Milk street; thence by the centre of 
Milk street to India street ; thence across India street by a 
straight line to the water on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of 
Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford street 
to Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to the 
junction of Lynde and Leverett streets ; thence by the centre 
of Leverett street to Causeway street ; thence by the centre 
of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the centre 
of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of 
Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple and Mount 
Yernon streets to Beacon street ; thence by the centre of 
Beacon street and the Western avenue to the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western avenue ; thence 
northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence by the 
water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water on the south side of Cen- 



148 

tral wharf; thence across India street by a straight line to 
Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to Wash- 
ington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
Winter street; thence by the centre of Winter street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
West street ; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kings- 
ton street to Essex street; thence by centre of Esses street 
to South street ; thence by centre of South street to Summer 
street ; thence by centre of Summer street and by a straight 
line in continuation thereof to the water on the northerly 
side of Summer street wharf; thence by the water to point 
begun at. 

No. 8. — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of 
Summer street wharf; thence by a straight line in continua- 
tion of the centre of Summer street, and. by the centre of 
Summer street to South street ; thence by the centre of South 
street to Essex street; thence by the centre of Essex street 
to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Bedford street ; thence by the centre of Bedford street 
and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot 
street to Washington street ; thence across Washington street 
to Kneeland street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street 
to Sea street; thence crossing Sea street by a straight line to 
the water on the southerly side of Howe's wharf; thence by 
the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston 
and Roxbury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of 
the Western avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence 
by the centre of Park street to Tremont street ; thence by 
the centre of Tremont street to Warren street ; thence by 
the centre of Warren street to Washington street ; thence by 
the centre of Washington street to West Castle street; 
thence by the centre of West Castle street to Tremont street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Railroad 



149 



Bridge,* thence by the centre of the Boston and "Worcester 
Railroad to the boundary line between Boston and Eoxbury; 
thence by said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of 
Howe's wharf J thence by a straight line across Sea street 
to Kneeland street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland to 
Washington street; thence across Washington street to Eliot 
street; thence by the centre of Eliot street to Tremont 
street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Warren 
street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington 
street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover 
street; thence by the centre of Dover street to the water at 
the northwesterly end of the Boston South Bridge; thence 
by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston 
and Roxbury, on the Boston and Worcester Railroad ; thence 
by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Railroad to the 
Railroad Bridge ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
West Castle street ; thence by the centre of West Castle 
street to Washington street ; thence by the Centre of Wash- 
ington street to Dover street; thence by the centre of Dover 
street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Boston 
South Bridge ; thence by the water to the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury ; thence by said boundary line 
to the point begun at. 

No. 12. — All South Boston, including Washington Village 
recently annexed to the City of Boston. 



150 



WARD ROOMS 



1 Eliot School House, North Bennet street. 

2 School Room, Paris street. East Boston. 

3 Corner Friend and Merrimac streets. 

4 City Building, Court Square. 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 School House, Franklin street, corner Theatre alley. 

8 Corner Beach and Kingston streets. 

9 School Room, Warren street. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

11 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



151 



TAXES 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Real and Personal 
Estates in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has 
been as follows : 

1851. 
Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $109,358,500 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, " - - 78,588,500 00 
Total Valuation, ... - $187,947,000 00 
At $7 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,315,629 00 
No. of Polls, 28,445, at $1.50 each, is - 42,667 50 

Total Tax for 1851, - - - $1,358,29650 

Increase over 1850, viz. : 
Property, Real, $4,265,100 00, being 4.058 per cent. 
Personal, 3,6 81,400 00 , 4.914 

Total, $7,946,500 00, being 4.414 per cent. 

Increase of Polls, 447, 1.524 



18 52. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $110,699,200 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - 76,980,800 00 

Total Valuation, - - - - - $187,680,000 00 
At $6.40 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,201,152 00 
No. of Polls, 28,983, at $1.50 each, is - 43,474 50 

Total Tax for 1852, .... $1,244,626 50 
Increase on Real over 1851, $1,340,700 00 
Decrease on Personal over 1851, 1,6 07,700 00 
Net decrease, - - - $267,000 00 



152 



18 53. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $116,090,900 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - 90,423,300 00 

Total Valuation, $206,5 14,200 00 

At $7.60 per $1,000, is ... - $1,569,50792 
No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 44,938 50 

Total Tax for 1852, . , . . $1,614,446 42 
Increase over Real Estate, ■ 

1852, . . - , $5,391,700 00 
Increase over Personal 

Estate, 1852, - - 13,442,500 00 

$18,834,200 00 



18 54. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $127,730,200 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - > 99,283,000 00 
Total Valuation, - - - - - $227,013,20 00 
At $9.20 per $1,000, is - - - - $2,088,521 44 
No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, - - . 46,701 00 
Total Tax for 1854, - - - > $2,125,222 44 
Increase over Real Es- 
tate, 1853, - - - $11,639,300 00 
Increase over Personal 

Estate, 1853, - - 8,859,700 00 

$20,499,000 00 . 



153 



1855. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - |136,351,300 00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - 105,580,900 00 

Total Valuation, - - - - - $241,932,200 00 

At $7.70 per 11,000, is - - . . $1,816,877 94 

31,602 Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 47,403 00 
Total Tax for 1855,, .... $1,910,280 94 

Increase over Real Es- 
tate, 1854, - - - $8,621,100 00 

Increase over Personal 

Estate, 1854, - - 6,297,900 00 

$14,919,000 00 



1856. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $143,681,700 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - 105,480,800 00 

Total Valuation, $249,162,500 00 

At $8.00 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,993,300 00 
32,974 Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 49,461 00 

Total Tax, 1856, $2,042,761 00 

Increase of Real Estate 

over 1855, - - - $7,330,400 00 
Loss of Personal Estate 

from 1855, - - - 100,100 00 

$7,230,300 00 
20 



154 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1846 


- Jan 


uary 


1st, - 


- 


$1,085,200.00 


1847 


i 




" • 


- 


1,033,766.00 


1848 


' 




" - 


- 


1,112,906.00 


1849 


' 




" - 


- 


1,354,332.00 


1850 


< 




" - 


- 


1,623,823.0.0 


1851 


' 




" - 


- 


1,75.6,000.00 


1852 


. ' 




" - 


- 


1,714,298.44 


1853 


i 




" . 


- 


1,746,510.39 


1854 


' 




ii _ 


- 


1,886,459.55 


1855 


' 




■ " . 


- 


2,367,594.21 


1856 


I 




" - 




2,337,188.66 


1857 


Ordinary Debt; 


$2,631,688.66 






Water Debt, 


5,229,961.11 






Consolidated Debt, 




$7,861,649.77 



REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE. 

The following Table shows the value of the Real and Per- 
sonal Estate, with the number of persons assessed, from the 
year 1794, and every subsequent fifth year, to 1851. 



Year. 


Eeal Estate. 


Persona] Estate. 


Aggregate. 


No. Bills. 




£ s. d. 


£, s. d. 


£ s. d. 




1794... 


602,312 10 


824,812 10 


1,427,125 


2,953 




Dollars. 


Dollars. 


Dollars. 




1799... 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


3,600 


1804... 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


5,230 


1809... 


19,712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


5,772 


1814. .. 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


6,617 


1819... 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


7,851 


1824. .. 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


10,980 


1829... 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


13,311 


1834. .. 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


15,652 


1839... 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


18,151 


1844. .. 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


24,817 


1849... 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


32,396 


1851. .. 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


33,183 


1856. .. 


143,681,700 


105,480,800 


249,162,500 


38,388 



155 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 '...-..... 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 ......... 43,298 

1830 - - 61,392 

1835 ......... 78,603 

1840 - "- 85,000 

1845 .... . . . . . 114,366 

1850 138,788 

1855 - - . . . - . - - 160,508 



Modes and Times of Appointment of the Various City Officers. 

By virtue of an Ordinance, which passed the City Council 
of Boston, March 5th, 1856, all City Officers required by 
the City Ordinances to be elected or appointed by the 
concurrent vote of the City Council, or to be appointed by 
the Mayor, by and with the advice and consent of the Board 
of Aldermen, excepting those officers, the time of whose elec- 
tion or appointment is otherwise prescribed by the Statutes 
of the Commonwealth; also, excepting the Treasurer, Auditor 
and Assessors, shall he elected or appointed, as the case may he, 
on the first Monday of January, in each year, or within sixty 
days thereafter. 

The officers comprised in the above exceptions are elected 

at the times and in the modes following. 

Assessors and Assistant Assessors — Con- 
current vote, - - - - - ■ March. 

Sealers of Weights and Measures — May- 
or and Aldermen, .... March and April. 

Inspectors of Ballast and Weighers of 

Lighters — Concurrent vote, - - March and April. 



156 



Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Alder- 
men, ^ April. 

City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, - - May. 

Overseers of House of Correction — 

Concurrent vote, • May. 

Directors of Houses of Industry, &c. — 

Concurrent vote, ----- May. 

City and County Treasurer — In Conven- 
tion, May. 

Auditor of Accounts — Concurrent vote, - May. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - September. 



157 
ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

Appointed by the Public Authorities. 



ON THE ANKIVEESAEY OF THE BOSTON MASSACEE, MAECH 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thatcher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 

1783. Thomas Welsh, M. D. 

ON THE ANNIVEKSAEY OF THE NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE, JULY 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner, Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 



158 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr.; Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Eev. William Emerson. 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Button, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thatcher. 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq. 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. G-eorge Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon. Francis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman, Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring. 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 



159 



1831. Hon. John Gorliam Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiali Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward G-oldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1834. Eichard Sullivan Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1838. Eev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Cary, 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

1852. Eev. Thomas Starr King. 

1853. Timothy Bigelow, Esq. 

1854. Eev. Andrew L. Stone. 

1855. Eev. Alonzo A. Miner. 

1856. Edward Grif&n Parker, Esq. 

N. B. — All of the above Orations have been printed, with 
the exception of those delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Fran- 
cis Dana Channing, and Thomas S. King. 



CATALOGUE 



irrkratnent sf % dliitg 0f '^mim, 



IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THEIR SERVICE, 



FEOM ITS 



INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1857. 



AN INDEX. 



21 



162 



PRELIMINAEY REMARKS. 



NOTE. 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. See 
Mayors. 

MAYORS. 

The election of Mayor for 1845 was more warmly contested 
than on any former year. There were not less than eight 
several ballo tings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, on 
the 21st of Februaryj Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, Wil- 
liam Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected Chair- 
man of the Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of 
Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declining 
health, resigned the of&ce of Mayor, which resignation, how- 
ever, was not accepted by the City Council; and on the 22d 
of November he died, being the first Mayor who has died in 
office since the organization of the City Government in 1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, Jr., was elected 
Mayor by the City Council, for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as 
Chairman of the Board in the interval between the death of 
Mr. Davis and the election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an 
Alderman of the City for 1852, was afterwards chosen Ma,yor 
for said year. 



163 



At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, 
he resigned as an alderman and accepted th« of&ce of Mayor. 

The election of Mayor for 1854 was continued through 
three ballotings, from December 12, 1853, to January 9, 
1854. In the meantime the duties of Mayor were performed 
by Benjamin L. Allen, Chairman of the Board of Aldermen. 

ALDERMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Eussell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re- 
elected ; and Thomas B. Wales and Redford Webster, elected 
1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organi- 
zation. 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

William Parker, elected for 1845, resigned. 

George E. Head, elected for 1848, resigned — having been 
chosen one of the principal Assessors. 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected 
an Alderman, died before his qualification. 

In 1856, Levi B. Meriam, Esq., died while in ofifice. 

At the Municipal Election in 1852, nine Aldermen had a 
majority of ballots; but in accordance with the statute, the 
eight who had the highest number of votes were declared 
elected. 

The Municipal Government for 1855, was ihQ first one that 
was organized under the new or revised City Charter, which 
provided for the annual election of twelve Aldermen. 

COMMON COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not 
qualify himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no 
provision for affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 



164 



Henry D. Gray and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Bleazer How- 
ard, Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 
1828; also. Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined 
prior to the organization. 

Samuel Thaster, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Bowles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 
1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowle, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln, omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

Ezra Forristall, Ward 6, resigned in May, 1853, and was 
elected Superintendent of Health. 

Daniel J. Coburn, Ward 5, resigned April, 1856, and was 
thereafter appointed Chief of Police. 

There have been seven successfully contested Elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member 
from Ward 6, on the ground that "closing the poll before 
the hour at which the voters were notified it would be closed, 
was a violation of the rights of the voters." 

The second. May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the mem- 
bers of Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected 
at an adjourned meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground 
of irregular proceeding, to render the whole number of votes 
certain by taking the highest number of votes for candi- 
dates on each opposing ticket ; adjournment of the meeting 
by the sole authority of the Warden, and other irregularities 
at the annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three 
members of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal 
voters, sufficient to effect the choice, voted at the polls. 

The fourth, February 9, 1843, vacated the seats of three 



165 



members from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned 
meeting, December 14, on the ground that four votes for non- 
resident candidates, (after having been first thrown out by 
the Ward officers,) * were counted at the annual election, 
December 12, thereby preventing the choice of two other 
candidates, who, by excluding the said four votes, were by 
the decision of the Council declared elected, leaving one 
vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two mem- 
bers from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at 
an adjourned meeting which was illegally held. At the sub- 
sequent trial the same members were again returned to the 
Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of three 
members from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen 
at an adjourned meeting which was illegally held. 

The seventh, in accordance with the Report of the Committee 
on Elections, vacated the seats of three members from Ward 
11, on the ground that the Mayor and Aldermen had no right 
to issue warrants for election of members of the Common 
Council, after the annual Election, and before the organiza- 
tion of the Government elect. But inasmuch as the elections 
in question were conducted bona fide, and no other informal- 
ity was apparent, and as this custom of supplementary elec- 
tions had been in vogue for twenty years, the members thus 
elected were by the votes of the Common Council declared 
entitled to their seats. The passage of the Plurality Law, 
of 1854, will remedy most of these cases for the future. 



* This fact was admitted, though not stated in the report of the Committee. 



166 



1822 



MAYOE 



*JOHN PHILLIPS. 



*Samuel Billings, 
*Epliraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Josepli Head, 



ALDERMEN 



* Joseph Jenkins, 
*Josepli Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Bryant Parrott Tilden. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

* WILLIAM PRESCOTT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, • 

Charles Wells, 

Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 

Martin Bates, 

Benjamin Lamson, 
*Henry Orne, 
*Joseph Stodder. 

Ward 3. 

*Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 
*Samuel Jonei. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
*Thomas Kendall, 

* Horatio Gates Ware, 
*Isaac Win slow. 

Ward 6. 

* Samuel Appleton, 
Thomas Motley. 
Jesse Shaw, 

♦William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
*Augustus Peabody, 
*Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
-*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Peter Chardon Brooks, 
*JameR Perkins, 
*Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 

^Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
*William Prescott, 
*John Welles. 

Ward 10. 

* Andrew Drake, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
*David Collson Moseley, 
*Tsaao Stevens. 

Ward 11. 

* George Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa Bullard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 
*Winslow Lewis. 

Ward 12. 
*Cyrus Alger, 

John French, 
*John Howe, 

Moses Williams. 



167 



1823 



MAYOR 



JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*DanIel Baxter, 
*George Odiorne, 
*DavidWeld Child, 
*Josep]i Hawley Dorr. 



ALDERMEN, 

*Asliur Benjamin, 
Enoch Patterson, 
Caleb Eddy, 

*Stephen Hooper. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



^JOHN" WELLES, president. 



Ward 1. 

*Thaddeus Page, 
Simon Wilkinson, 

*John Eliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 
Martin Bates, 
Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
*Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Henry Farnam. 

Ward 5. 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*Isaac Winslow, 

Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 

William Wright. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 

Samuel Swfett, 

Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 

James Savage, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
*John Welles, 
Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 

Aaron Baldwin, 
*David Francis, 

Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 

*Asa Bullard, 
*Charles Howard, 
Josiah Stedman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 

Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 



168 



18 24 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*DanIel Baxter, 
*George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



ALDERMEN, 

Enoch Patterson, 

Caleb Eddy, 
*Stephen Hooper, (died Septem- 
ber,) 
* Cyrus Alger, (November.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 
*John Elliott, 

Joseph Wheeler, 

Michael Tombs. 

Ward 2. 
*William Little, Jr. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 

Edward Page, 

William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 

Ward 5, 

Elias Haskell, 
*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 

George Washington Otis, 
*Winslow Wright. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



Ward 7. 

Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 

Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams, 
*Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 

John Ballard, 

John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
*Thomas Beale Wales, 
James Savage, 
Phineas Upham, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver. 

Ward 11. 
Josiah Stedman, 
Samuel Frothingham, 
*Giles Lodge, 
Charles Sprague. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaac Thom, 
Charles Bemis. 



169 



1825 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daiiiel Carney, 
*Jolin Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 



ALDEEMEN, 

*T}iomas Welsh, Jr., 
*George Blake, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS JOHONNOT OLIVER, President. 



Ward 1. 

* William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
*Robert Fennelly, 

Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
*01iver Reed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*Thomas Wells, 
*Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 

* George Halle tt, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 

*John Sullivan Perkins, 

Ezra Dyer, 
*Charles Tracy, 
*William Simonds. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter. 

22' 



Ward 7. 

Charles Pelham Curtis, 
* William Goddard, 
Elijah Morse, 
Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 

*EHphalet Williams, 
*Benjamin Willis, 

JeflPrey Richardson, 

Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 

John Chipman Gray, 

Franklin Dexter, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 

Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
.^ James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 

John Parker Rice. 

Ward 11. 

Samuel Frothingham, 
*Giles Lodge, 

George Morey, Jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 

Adam Bent, 
* Oliver Fisher, 

Ephraim Groves Ware. 



170 



182 6. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*Jobn Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, Jr., 



M AT E , 

JOSIAH QUmCY. 

ALDEEMEN, 

*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Foster Loring, 
Francis Jackson, 

*Edw. Hutchinson Robbins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN KICHARDSON ADAN, Peesident. 



Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 
Lewis Lerow, 
Lemuel P. Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Eichardson Adan, 
*William Sprague, 

Amos Farnsworth, 

Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 

*George Hallet, 
*William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
*Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 

Ezra Dyer, 
*Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 
*Augustus Peabody, 
Charles Pelham Curtis, 
Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

W^ard 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer, 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr, 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 

John Chipman Gray, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Levi Meriam, 

Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
*Giles Lodge, 

George Morey, Jr., 
*Joshua Vose, 

Thomas Brewer. 

Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 

Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher, 

Henry Hatch. 



m 



182 7 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



ALDERMEN, 



*Cyrus Alger, 
*Johii Bellows, 
*Thomas Welsh, Jr. 
John Foster Loring, 



*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
*Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

*JOHN EICHARDSON ADAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

*William Barry, 

Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 

Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 

Asa Adams, 

Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 

Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn, 
*George Hallet, 
*William Howe, 
*Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker, 

Lewis Glover Pray, 
*George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter, 
* Jonathan Loring, 
*Joseph Warren Lewis. 



Ward 7. 

* Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 

*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Joshua Sears. 

Ward 9. 

John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 
*Gamaliel Bradford, 

John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 

*Jonathan Simonds, 

George Brinley, 

William Parker, 

Charles Sprague. 

Ward 11. 
*Giles Lodge. 

George Morey, Jr., 
*Joshua Vose, 

Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 
Adam Bent, 
William Wright, 
*William Little, Jr., 

* George Gay. 



172 



1828 



MAY OR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



John Foster Loring, 
*Robert Fennelly, 

James Savage, 
*Thomas Kendall, 



ALDERMEN, 

*James Hall, 

Phineas Upham, 
*Jolin Pickering, 
* Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



*JOHN EICHAEDSON 

Ward 1. 
Samuel Aspinwall, 
*Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 



Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, Jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*Johri D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 

Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 

* James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Eveleth, 

Quincy Tufts, 

Andrew Cunningham, Jr., 
*James Means. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, 
William Parker, 
Lewis Glover Pray, 

* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 
*David Moody. 



ADAN; President. 

Ward 7. 
*John Arno Bacon, 
*John Belknap, 
*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward, (res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 
*Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams, 

Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 

John Chipman Gray, 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Norman Seaver, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 

William Parker, 

Robert Treat Paine, (from May.) 
*John Lowell, Jr., 

George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Gary, 
Walter Cornell, 
*Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



173 



182 9. 



MAYOR, 

^HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 

ALDEEMEN, 

*Henry Jackson Oliver, *Samuel Turell Armstrons; 



John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
* James Hall, 



*BenjamIn Russell, 
*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells. 



COMM ON COUNCIL, 

*ELIPHALET WILLIAMS, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

John Wells, 
*Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 

Henry Sewall Kent, 

Samuel Ellis, 
*Thomas Reed, (died February.) 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 

Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 

Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
*John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker, 
*George Lane, 
*Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

Samuel Austin, Jr. 

Jared Lincoln, 
* Samuel Goodhue. 



Ward 7. 
*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*BeDJamin Toppan Pickman, 

Thomas Wetmore, 

Walter Frost, 

Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams, 
*Thomas Minns, 

James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

Levi Brigham, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
* Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, Jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 

Walter Cornell, 

Aaron Willard, Jr., 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 



174 
18 3 



MAYOR, 

■^HAEPJSON GEAY OTIS. 



ALD ERMEN 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 

John Foster Loring, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 



*Winslow Lewis, 

Charles Wells, 
*John Burbeck McCleary 

Moses Williams. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



^BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Mnian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
*Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Robinson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
Samuel Ellis, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
Larra Crane, 
Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 
Quincy Tufts, 
*John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gregg, 

Ward 5. 
*Winslow Wright, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 

Levi Bovnton Haskell, 

Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
Samuel Austin, Jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 
Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated 
in February.) 



Ward 7. 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

Levi Brigham, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 
*John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, Jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 

Henry Hatch, 

Aaron Willard, Jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*James Wright. 



175 



183 1. 

MAYOR, 

*HAERISON GRAY OTIS. 

ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Jo}in Burbeck McCleary, 



*Henry Farnam, 

Adam Bent, 
*Jolin Binney, 
*E,icliard Devens Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

^BENJAMIN TOPPAN PICKMAN, President. 



Ward 1. 

Simon Wiggin Eobinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
Frederick Gould. 

TVard 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson. 

Ward 3, 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 

*Joseph Eveleth, 

*John Rayner, 
Washington Parker Gregg, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
*Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Ensign Sargeant, 

Stephen Titcomb. 



Ward 7, 

"*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 

Thomas Welmore, 

Levi Bartlett, 
*Abbott Lawrence. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 

*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 

*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 

Henry Hatch, 

Aaron Willard, Jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 



176 
1832 



MAT OR, 

CHAKLES WELLS. 

ALDEEMEN, 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Jolin Burbeck McCleary, 
*Heiiry Farnam, 
*Jolin Binney, 



*Ricli'd D. Harris, (res. Feb,) 
*Jabez Ellis, 
*James Bowdoin, 
*Johii Stevens, (died.) 
*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
*Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 

John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

TVard 4. 
*George Hallet, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 
*John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

Jonathan Porter, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

Ward 8. 

*Thomas Minns, 

Richard Hildreth, 

James Brown, 
*John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, Jr., 
John Collamore, Jr. 

Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay. 
John Lillie Phillips, 
*Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hay ward, 
Joseph Harris, Jr. 



177 



183 3. 



MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 

ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Farnam, 
*John Binney, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
*Wimam Tileston, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
* Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW, President. 



Ward 1. 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
*Bill Richardson, 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas, 

W^ard 3. 
Larra Crane, 
James Clark, 
*SamueI Chessman, 
Philip Adams. 

Ward 4. 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
*Silas Pierce Tarbell. 

Ward 5. 
*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, ' 

Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 

Luther Parks. 

23 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Silas Bullard, 

Francis Osborn Watts. 
*Abner Bourne. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
* Oliver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 

Ward 10. 

Josiah Pierce, 
*DanieI Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, Jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, Jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Dunham. 



178 



18 34. 



A Y R 



^THEODORE LYMAN, JR. 



*Jabez Ellis, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Fales, 

Charles Leighton, 



ALDERMEN , 

I Josiah Dunham, 

*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
I Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, JR., President. 



Ward 1. 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joshua Sears, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 

Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 
*Calvin Washburn, 

Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
George Washington Bazin. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

James Brackett Richardson, 

Henry Sargent, 
*Edward Cruft, Jr, . 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

Isaac McLelJan, Jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb, 
* William Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, Jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



179 



1835 



MAYOR, 

*THEODORE LYMAN, Je. 



ALDERMEN 



*WinsIow Lewis, 

*John Burbeck McCleary, 

Thomas Wetmore, 

Charles Leighton, 



Joslah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., President 

Ward 1. 



Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas HolUs. 

Ward 3. 

*Jobn Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
* Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 

Jesse Shaw, 

Stephen Titcomb, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr., 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 
Eliphalet Williams, 
*Edward Cruft, Jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
*Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

Zebedee Cook, Jr., 
*James Harris. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 

Eichard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 

*Ruel Baker, 

Elias Bond Thayer, 

Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 
Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, Jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins. 



ISO 

183 6. 

MAYOR, 

^SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



*Winslow Lewis, 

*John Bui'beck McCleary, 

Josiah Dunham, 

*Nathan Gurney, 



ALDERMEN, 

Samuel Greele, 



Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 
Thomas Hunting, 
* Samuel Quincy, 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, JR., President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 

Lewis Josselyn, 
Thacher Eich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 

Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washinton Edmands, 
Ebenezer EUis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr., 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart, 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 

* William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 

*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 

Benjamin Yeaton, (April.) 

Ward 11. 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 

* Stephen Child, 
*George Savage, 

Solon Jenkins. 



181 



1837. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



*Henry Farnum, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Natlian Gurney, 

Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



ALDERMEN, 

Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy, 
John B. Wells, 
Thomas Eichardson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

Isaac Harris, 
*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 

Thomas Hudson, 

Samuel Locke Cutter. 
Ward 2. 

Lewis Josselyn, 

Thatcher Rich Raymond, 

Nathan Carruth, 

Thomas Moulton. 
Ward 3. 

John Boles, 

Jason Dyer Battles, 

Asa Barker Snow, 

William Orne HaskeU. 
Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 

George William Gordon, 

Joseph Thornton Adams, 

*Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 

Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowbridge Hastings, 
*Philip Greely, Jr., 

Francis Brown. 
Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
*William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

* James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 

Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward 11. 
Philip Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin BuUard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 
*George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



182 



1838. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



*Henry Farnam, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 

Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



AL D EEMEN , 

Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 
Ward 2. 

*Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton, 

Ward 3. 
Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
* James McAUaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Henry Edwards, 

Newell Aldrich Thompson. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

* Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 

John Brooks Parker, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 

* James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 

*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 
Ward 11. 
Phihp Marrett, 
Lemuel Shattuck, 
Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 

Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



183 



1839 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 

ALDERMEN, 



*Henry Farnam, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Natlian Gurney, 

Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 
*James Harris. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



PHILIP MAERETT, President. 



Ward 1. 
John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm.Gordon, (res. May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 

Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAllaster, 
*William Vinal Kent, 

Ephraim Larkin Snow. 
Ward 6. 
* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell Aldrich Thompson, 

Horace Williams. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
John Brooks Parker, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Winslow Lewis, Jr., 
Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, Jr., 
*John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 

Josiah Lee Curell Amee, 
*Nicholas Noyes. 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane. 



184 



1840. 



MAYOR 



^JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



AL D ERMEN 



*Nathaniel Pope Eussell, 
*Natlian Gurney, 

Thomas Hunting, 

James Clark, 



Charles WUkins. 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PHILIP MARRETT, President. 



Ward 1. 

Zebina Lee Raymond, 

Henry Leeds, 

William Russell Lovejoy, 

Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 

Richard Brackett, 

Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 

Samuel Emmes, 

Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 
Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 

Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 

James Haughton, 

Alfred Augustus Wellington, 

Lucius Doolittle. 
Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, Jr., 

Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 

George Washington Otis, Jr. 
Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell Aldrich Thompson, 

John Hubbard Wilkins, 

Elijah Wilhams, Jr. 



Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 

William Walker Parrott. 
Ward 9. 

Thomas Coffin Amory, 

Charles Brooks, 

Jonathan .Preston, 

Stephen Shelton. 
Ward 10. 
*RueI Baker, 

Lemuel Shattuck, 

George William Phillips, 

Daniel Kimball. 

Ward 11. 
*John Stevens, 

Holmes Hinkley, 
*George Savage, 

John Thomas Dingley. 
Ward 12. 

Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 

George Page, 

Horatio Nelson Crane, 

Eben Jackson. 



185 

184 1. 

M AY R , 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



AL DE RME N, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

* Simon Green Shipley, 

* Jacob Stearns, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Otis, Jr., 
Pelham Bonney, 
*Freeman Stowe, 
Edward Parker Meriam. 

Ward 6. 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res. Apl.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos. Neale Howe, Jr. (firm July.) 

24 



Ward 7. 
Ezra Child Hutching, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*Thamas Jefferson Shelton, 

William Walker Parrott. 
Ward 9. 

Thomas Coffin Amory, 

Jonathan Preston, 

Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, Jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 

Lemuel Shattuck, 

Daniel Kimball, 

Luther Blodgett. 
Ward 11. 

John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
*Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



186 



18 4 2 



MAYOR 



^JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALDERMEN, 



Thomas Wetmore, 
*]Sratban Gui-ney, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 



WilHam Parker, 
* Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
llichard Urann. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWAED BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Newcomb, _ 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 
Samuel Emmes, 
Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
Enocli Hemmenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 

Francis Boardman Crownlnshield, 
■ William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 

*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neal Howe, Jr. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 

B8njamin Parker Richardson, 
*WiHiam Augustus Weeks, 
*Josiah Moore Jones, 

Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 

Thomas Coffin Amory, 
*Moses Whitney, Jr., 

Charles Edward Cook, 
*John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
Wilham Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Ward IL 

John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
*John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



187 



1843. 



MAYOR, 

■^MAETIN BRIMMER. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



Richard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

EDWARD BLAKE, President. 



Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, Jr., (Feb. J 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 

Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward S. 

*John Snelling, 

Enoch Hemmenway Wakefield, 

James Whiting, 

James Harvey Dudley. 
Ward 4. 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield. 

Noah Sturtevant, 

George Washington Crockett, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis. 
Ward 5. 

George Wheelright, 

Henry Plympton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 

James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 

John Hubbard Wilkins, 

Joseph Neale Howe, Jr., 
*Kimball Gibson, 

Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 

Edward Blake, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, Jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*William Augustus Weeks, 

Josiah Moore Jones, 

Benjamin Burchstead. 
Ward 9. 

Charles Edward Cook, 
*John RiceBradlee, 

Andrew Townsend Hall, 

Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 

Luther Blodgett, 

William Hayden, 

Jonathan Ellis, 

Henry Worthington Dutton. 
Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 

Robert Cowdin, 

Isaac Cary, 
*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 
Ward 12. 

Jeremy Drake, 

Eben Jackson, 
*John Tillson, 
*Romanus Emerson. 



188 
1844. 

MAYOR, 

^MARTIN BEIMMER. 



ALDEEMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Henry Bromfield Rogejs, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

PELEG WHITMAN CHANDLER, President. 



Ward 1. 

Isaac Harris, 

William Henry Learnard, 
*Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 

Ward 2. 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 

Abner Williams Pollard, 

Henry Davis, 

Timothy C. Kendall. 
Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 

James Whiting, 

James Harvey Dudley, 

Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 



Ward 7. 

*Simon Davis Leavens, 

Gideon French Thayer, 
*B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 

John Brooks Parker, (May.) 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

IVard 8. 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 

Samuel Topliff", 

George Whittemore. 

Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 

Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 
*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



189 
1845. 



MAY OR, 

*THOMAS A. DAYIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 

ALDERMEN, 



Benson Leavitt, 

William Parker, (resigned.) 

William Pope, 

Jolin Hathaway, 

Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 



* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 

Lyman Reed, 
*James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



PELEG WHITMAN 

Ward 1. 
Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William E. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence, 
*Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
George B. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 
Peleg Whitman Chandler, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 



CHANDLER, President. 

Ward 7. 

*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 

*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 

Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
WilHam Hay den, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Wardn. 

*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, Jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 



190 



184 6. 



M A Y R 7 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
John Hathaway, 



ALDERMEN, 



Frederick Gould, 
Charles A. Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
George E Head. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLARD, President. 



Ward 1. 
William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 

Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner, 

Noah Harrod, 
*George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 

Otis Clapp, 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 



Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliif, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hay ward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Clement Willis, 
WiUiam Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, Jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John W. Crafts. 



191 



184 7 



M AYOE , 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



*Thomas Jones, 
George E. Head, 
John H. Wilkins, 
Billings Briggs. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

GEORGE STILLMAN HILLAKD, President. 

(Resigned July 1.) 

^BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

(Chosen July 1.) 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
*Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
*John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 

* George Carlisle, 
*William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C Bailey, 

* George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spooner, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
Eliphalet Jones, 
William D. Coolidge, 

* George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Hillard, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter. 



Ward 7. 
Tkeophllus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Cushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George E,. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, Jr., 
Samuel Wales, Jr. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, Jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



192 



18 4 8 



MAYOR , 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

William Pope, 

John Hathaway, 

Frederick Gould, 

George E. Head, (res. April.) 



John H. Wilkins, 

Billings Briggs, 

John P. Ober, 

Moses Grant, (from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

^BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 

Ward 7. 



Ward 1. 
Daniel Bartlett, Jr., 
Noah Lincoln, Jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned,) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
*William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 
James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
*Benjamin Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, Jr., 

Francis Brown, 

William D. Coolidge, 
* George W. Abbott. 

Ward 6. 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*B,ichard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 



Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel TopliiF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Custdng, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, Jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. . 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, Jr., 
Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 



193 



1849 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
John H. Wilkins, 



Billings Briggs, 
John P. Ober, 
Moses Grant, 
Samuel HalL 



COMMON C OUNCIL, 

^BENJAMIN SEAVER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Eaymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
John Atkins, 
Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 
Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 

Ward 6. 
*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 

25 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel ToplifF, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W.Clark. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
*Manlius S. Clarke, 

George William McLellan, 
*Albert T. Minot, 

Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



194 



1850. 



MAYOR 



JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALDERMEN 



Henry B. Rogers, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 



Samuel Hall, 
Solomon Piper, 
Henry M. Holbrook, 
James Perkins. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 

Freeborn F. Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 
*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Carter, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
William C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 

Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, Jr. 

Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, Jr. 

Ward 9. 

Francis Brinley, 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 

George William McLellan, 
*Manlius S. Clarke, 
»Albert T. Minot, 

Francis Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Joslah Dunham, Jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



195 



18 51. 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALD ERMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

FRANCIS BRINLEY, President. 



Ward 1. 
John Cushing, 
James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
*James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Richard Shackford. 

Ward 3. 

Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bos worth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, Jr., 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenezer Dale. 



Ward 7. 
Francis Brinley, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, Jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
* Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 



196 



18 52 



MAYOR, 

-^BENJAMIN SBAVER. 



ALDERMEN 



Jolin Plummer Ober, 
Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



*Lyman Perry, 
Benjamin Leacb Allen, 
Thomas PhiUips Rich, 
Isaac Gary. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

HENRY J. GARDNER, President. 



Ward 1. 
Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Pessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George Wilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
*James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Eoby. 

Ward 4. 

Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Eayner. 

Ward 5. 

Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Frederick H. Stimpson. 



Ward 7. 
David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, Jr. 

Ward 10. 
Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John F. Bannister. 

Ward 11. 
Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
*David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel R. Spinney. 



197 



185 



MAYOR, 

^BENJAMIN SEAVEE. 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas Phillips Eich, 



ALDE RMEN 



Isaac Gary, 
James Whiting, 
Benjamin Franklin White, 
Oliver Frost. 



COMMON COUNC IL, 

HENRY J. GARDNEE, President. 



Ward 1. 

Cyrus Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner. 

Ward 2. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Benjamin F. Eussell. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Boby, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Charles Dupee. 

Ward 4. 
Henry J. Gardner, 
John J. Kayner, 
William F. Goodwin, 
Martin L. Hall. 

W^ard 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Eoberts, 
*Israel C. Eice, 
Matthew Binney. 

Ward 6. 
Paul Adams, 

Ezra Forristall, (resigned in May.) 
Francis B. Winter, 
Henry F. Durant, 
William Washburn, (from May.) 



Ward 7. 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
William Burrage. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 

Ward 9. 
Peter C. Jones, 
Thatcher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French. 

Ward 10. 

John F. Bannister, 
Eobert Cowdin, 
Samuel J. M. Homer, 
Joel Eichards. 

Ward 11. 
Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander H. Eice, 
Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Gardner P. Drury, (res. in Feb.) 
John A. Cummings, (from Feb.) 

Ward 12. 

Charles C. Conley, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
William S. Thacher, 
*James F. Whittemore. 



198 



1854 



M A Y E , 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDEEMEN 



Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Oliver Frost, (res. May,) 
John Thomas Dingley, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
William Washburn, 



Tisdale Drake, 

George Fre ierick Williams, 

George Odiorne, 

AberB. Munroe, (from May.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE, Peesident. 



Ward 1. 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Timothy C. Kendall, 
William P. Howard, 
John Davis. 

Ward 2. 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Morrill Cole, 
Watson G. Mayo, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 

Ward 3. 
Charles Dupee, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Caleb S. Johnson, 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 

Ward 4. 
Martin L. Hall, 
William F. Goodwin, 
George W. Messinger, 
John M. Clark. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
George W. Chipman, 
Levi Boles, 
Daniel Warren. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Hiram Simmons, 
Ebenezer Johnson. 



Ward 7. 
Farnham Plammer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
David Whiton. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles O. Rogers. 

Ward 9. 
John Odin, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Thatcher Beal, 
J. W. T. Stodder. 

Ward 10. 
Robert Cowdin, 
David Bryant, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
John R. Mullin. 

Ward 11. 
Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Alexander H. Rice, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Charles Mayo. 

Ward 12. 

Charles C. Conley, 
*James F. Whittemore, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Edward H. Brainard. 



I 

J 



199 

1855. 

MAYOR, 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDEEMEN 



Josiah Dunham, Jr., 

William Washburn, Chairman, 

Robert Cowdin, 

Samuel Topliff, 

Thomas Sprague, 

Joseph Lawrence Drew, 

Charles Todd Woodman, 



John Morehead Clark, (res. June.) 
Salma Elger Gould, 
Charles Woodberry, 
Albion Keith Parris Joy, 
Benjamin Franklin Cooke, 
George Washington Messinger, 
(from June.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

JOSEPH STORY; President. 



Ward 1. 
William P. Howard, 
William Marble, 
Samuel P. Whitman, 
George D. Ricker. 

Ward 2. 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Austin Gove, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward F. Porter. 

Ward 3. 
Samuel Jepson, 
Jonathan B. Severance, 
William H. Lounsbury, 
Edward W. Hineks. 

Ward 4. 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Charles B. Farley, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, 
erome W. Tyler. 

Ward 5. 
George W. Chlpman, 
Joseph Story, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
William G. Harris. 

Ward 6. 

George S. Jones, 
George W. Learnard, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
Alvin Vinal. 



Ward 7. 
Famham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
Hales W. Suter. 

Ward 8. 
Charles O. Rogers, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
Frederick L. Washburn. 

Ward 9. 
Jonas H. French, 
John W. T. Stodder, 
Charles No well, 
William B. Merrill. 

Ward 10. 
Hezekiah Prince, 
William A. Bell, 
Samuel W. Ropes, 
Charles S. Burgess. 

W\ird 11. 
Charles Mayo, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Eben Tarbell, 
Jairus A. Frost. 

Ward 12. 
Edward H. Brainard, 
George S. Dexter, 
Daniel Hall, 
*Jedediah P. Bean. 



200 
18 5 6 



MAYOR, 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE. 



John Thomas Dingley, 
Eben Jackson, 
Pelham Bonney, Chairman, 
Timothy Converse Kendall, 
William Howard Calrow, 
Farnham Plummer, 
James Cheever, 
Osmyn Brewster, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Levi Benjamin Meriam, 

(died April,) 
Otis Eich, 

George Washington Torrey, 
Robert Codman, 
Joseph Milner Wightman, 

(from April.) 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

OLIVER STEVENS, President. 



1 Ward 1. 

Oliver Frost, 
William Parkman, 
William A. Krueger, 
Henry L. Dalton. 
Ward 2. 

Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward F. Porter, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
William S. Albertson. 

Ward 3. 
James M. Stevens, 
Lucius A. Bigelow, 
James W. Russell, 
John Ptak. 

Ward 4. 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 
Jacob A. Dresser, 
Oliver Stevens. 

Ward 5. 
Joseph A. Pond, 
Reuben Reed, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
Daniel J. Coburn, (res. April,) 
Joseph Story, (from April.) 

Ward 6. 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
Ezra Farnsworth, 
John G. Webster, 
Davis B. Roberts. 



Ward 7. 
Samuel Hatch, 
Hales W. Suter, 
Rufus B. Bradford, 
Daniel Cragin. 

Ward 8. 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
David F. McGilvray. 

Ward 9. 
Jonas H. French, 
Thatcher Beal, 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
L. Miles Standish. 

Ward 10. 
Joel Richards, 
John R. MuUin, 
Robert Slade, 
Nathaniel C. Nash. 

Ward 11. 
Francis J. Parker, 
William F. Richardson, 
Frederick F. Thayer, 
Julian O. Mason. 

Ward 12. 

Ezra Harlow, 
Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr., 
Lewis C. Whiton, 
Sumner Crosby. 



INDEX. 



ALDERME N" . 



\_The figures indicate the number of years of service."] 



Alger, Cyrus 

Allen, Benjamin L 

Amory, Charles 

Andrews, William T... 
Armstrong, Samuel T.. 
Ayer, J. Cullen, 



B 



Baxter, Daniel 

Bellows, John 

Benjamin, Asher.. 

Bent, Adam 

Billings, Samuel. . 

Binney, John 

Blake, George.... 
Boies, Jeremiah S. 
Bonney, Pelham. . 
Bowdoin, James. . 
Brewster, Osmyn. 
Briggs, Billings^. . 
Brimmer, Martin. 
Bryant, John 



C 

Calrow, "William H. 

Carney, Daniel 

Carter, Solomon. 

Gary, Isaac 

Cheever, James, 

Child, David W 

Clark, Calvin W.... 

Clark, James 

Clark, John M 

Codman, Robert 

Cooke, Benjamin F.. 
Cowdin, Robert. . . . . 
Crane, Larra 



D 

Dingley, John T 

Dorr, Joseph H 

Drake, Tisdale 

Drew, Joseph L 

Dunham Josiah 

Dunham, Josiah, Jr. 
Dyer, John D 



E 

Eddy, Caleb 

Eliot, Ephraim. . 
Eliot, Samuel A. 
Ellis, Jabez 



F 



Fales, Samuel. . . . 
Farnum, Henry. . 
Fennelly, Robert. 
Fiske, Benjamin. 
Frost, Oliver 



Gould, Salma E.. 
Grant, Moses . . . . 
Greele, Samuel. . 
Gurney, Nathan. 

H 



Gould, Frederick 3 

26 



Hall, Jacob 

Hall, James 

Hall, Samuel 

Harris, Isaac 

Harris, James '. 

Harris, Richard D 

Hatch, Samuel 

Hathaway, J ohn 

Hayward, Joseph H... 

Head, George E 

Head, Joseph 

Holbrook, Henry M — 

Hooper, Stephen 

Hunting, Thomas 



Jackson, Eben 

Jackson, Francis 

James, Benjamin 

Jenkins, Joseph 

Jones, Thomas 

Joy, Albion K. P.. . 

K 

Kendall, Thomas 

Kendall, Timothy C. 
Kimball, Moses 



Leavitt, Benson . . . 
Leighton, Charles. 
Lewis, W inslow. . . 
Longley, James . . . 
Loring, John F. . . . 
Lovering, Joseph, . 
Lowe, Abraham T.. 



M 

Marshall, Josiah 

McCleary, John B. . . , 

Meriam, Levi B 

Messinger, George W. 
Munroe, Abel B 



Nute, James . 



N 



O 



Ober, JohnP 

Odiorne, George 

Odiorne, George (1854). 
Oliver, Henry J 



Parker, William . . 
Patterson, Enoch 
Peirce, Silas 



Perkins, James 1 

Perkins, Samuel S. 3 

Perry, Lyman 1 

Pickering, John 1 

Piper, Solomon 1 

Plummer, Farnham 1 

Pope, William 4 

Preston, Jonathan 3 

Q 

Samuel Quincy 2 

R 

Reed, Lyman I 

Reed, Sampson, 2 

Revere Joseph W 1 

Rich, Otis 2 

Rich, Thomas P 2 

Richardson, Thomas. .. , 3 

Robbins, Edward H — . 1 

Robinson, Simon W. ... 1 

Rogers, Henry B 5 

Russell, Benjamin 4 

Russell, Nathaniel P 2 



Savage James 2 

Savage, James S 1 

Stedman, Josiah 1 

Stevens John. See Note. 

Shipley Simon G 1 

Sleeper, Jacob 2 

Smith, Benjamin 1 

Sprague, Thomas 1 

Sumner, Timothy A. . . . 1 



Tilden, Bryant P 1 

Tilden, Joseph 1 

Tileston, William 2 

Topliff, Samuel 1 

Torrey, George W 1 

U 

Upham, Phineas 1 

Urann, Richard 2 

W 

Wales, Thomas B 1 

Washburn, William .... 2 
Webster, Redford. See Note. 

Wells, Charles 2 

Wells, Charles A 1 

Wells, John B 1 

Welsh, Thomas, Jr 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 11 

White, Benjamin F 1 

Whiting, James 1 

Wightman, Joseph M. . . 2 

Wilkins, Charles 2 

Wilkins, John H 3 

Wilkinson, Simon 2 

Williams, George F 1 

Williams, Moses 1 

Woodberry, Charles. ... 1 

Woodman, Charles T. . . 1 



202 



INDEX. 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



[The references are to Wards.] 



A 

Abbott, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W 5 

Abbott, Samuel L 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams, George W 7 

Adamsi Joseph T 4 

Adams, Paul 6 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John R 3 

Albertson, William S. . . 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Allen, James B 2 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Benjamin B. . 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Appleton, Samuel 6 

Appleton, Samuel A. . . . 7 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, Ebenezer 2 

Atkins, John 4 

Austin, Elbridge G 7, 10 

Austin, Samuel, Jr 6 

Ayer, Joseph C 2 

B 

Bacon, John A 7 

Bailey, Davis W 12 

Bailey, Ebenezer 8, 10 

Bailey, Edwin C 3 

Baker, J ohn 8 

Baker, Kuel 10,11 

Baldwin, Aaron 10 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Banister, John F 10 

Barnard, Charles 10 

Barry, John H 7 

Barry, William 1 

Bartlett, Daniel, Jr 1 

Bartlett, Levi 7 

Bassett, Francis 8 

Bassett, Joseph 1 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Bates, Martin 2 

Battles, Jason D. ...... 3 

Bayley, Henry E, 7 

Bazin, George W 6 

Beal, Benjamin 5 

Beal, James H 8 

Beal, Thacher 9 

Bean, Aaron H 10 

Bean, Jedediah P 12 

Belknsnj, John 7 

Bell, William A 10 

Bemis, Charles 12 

Bent, Adam 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betton, Ninian C 1 

Bigelow, George T 7 

Bigelow, John P 9 



Bigelow, Lucius A 3 

Binney, Matthew 5 

Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, Abraham W. 5 

Blanchard, Geo. D. B. . 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boardman, Charles .... 5 

Boies, Jeremiah S 9 

Boles, John 3 

Boles, Levi 5 

Bonney, Pelham 5 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Bowker, John H 1 

Boyd, John P 2 

Boynton, James 1 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. . . . 3 

Bradford, Gamaliel, .... 9 

Bradford, Rufus B 7 

Bradford, W. B. S«e Note. 

Bradlee, David W 8 

Bradlee, John R 9 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Josiah P 7 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Brainard, Edward H. . . 12 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed, Horace A 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas 11 

Brigham, Benajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, George W. ... 11 
Brinley, Francis, Jr. 9, 10, 7 

Brinley, George 10 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C 8 

Brooks, William G 7 

Brown, Asa 12 

Brown Charles 6 

Brown, Charles H 9 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryant, David 10 

Bryent, Walter 9 

Buckley, Joseph 8 

Bullard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Bullard, Silas 8 

Burbank, Robert 1 4 

Burchstead, Benjamin . . 8 

Burgess, Charles S 10 

Burnham, Andrew 2 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Burrage, William 7 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

C 

Cullender, Richard 9 

Calrow, William H 2 



Carlisle, George 12 

Carnes. William R 2 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter Richard B 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Alpheus 12 

Cary, Isaac 11 

Center, John 1 

Chandler. Peleg W 6 

Chapin, David 7, 8 

Chapman, Jonathan .... 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Chipman, George W. ... 5 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clark, John M 4 

Clarke, Manlius S 11 

Coburn, Daniel J 5 

Cobb, James J 3 

CoiBn, George W 5 

Coffin; Nathaniel W. . . 7 

Cofran, George 3 

Cole, Morrill 2 

Collamore, John, Jr. ... 10 

Coney, Jabez 12 

Conley, Charles C 12 

Cook, Charles E 9 

Cook, Zebedee, Jr 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 

Coolidge, William D. . . 5 

Copeland, Elisha, Jr. ... H 

Cornell, Walter 12 

Cowdin, Robert 11, 10 

Crafts, John W 12 

Cragin, Daniel 7 

Cragin, Lorenzo S 4 

Crane, Horatio N 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crosby, Sumner 12 

Crowninshield, F. B. . . 4 

Cruft, Edward, Jr 8 

Cumings,B. N 1, 11 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummings, John A 11 

Cunningham, A. Jr 4 

Cunningham, N. F 5 

Curtis, Charles P 7 

Curtis, Thomas B 4, 7 

Gushing, Henry W 9 

Gushing, John 1 

Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Ammi 4 

Cutter, Samuel L 1 

D 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Dall, William 11 

Dalton, Henry L 1 

Damrell, Jno. S 5, 6 

Danforth, Isaac 7 

Bascx)mb, Thomas R. . . . 10 



INDEX 



203 



Davis, George 11 

Davis, Henry 2 

Davis, J. Amory 6 

Davis, John 1 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Demerest, Samuel C 12 

Demond, Charles 8 

Denison, James 10 

Denny, Daniel 8 

Derby, EliasH 7 

Dexter, Franklin 9 

Dexter, George S 12 

Dexter, John B. Jr 7, 8 

Dexter, Theodore 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillaway, William 1 

Dimmock, John L 8 

Dingley, JohnT 11, 12 

Dodd, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 11 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B 12 

Dorrance, Oliver B 8 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 9 

Dresser, Jacob A 4 

Drew, Joseph L 9 

Dudley, James H 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 

Dunham, Josiah, jr 12 

Dunnels, Amos A 2 

Dupee, Charles 3 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Durant, Henry F 6 

Dutton, Henry W 10 

Dyer, Ezra 5 

Dyer, John D 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 

E 

Eaton, William 1,3 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G 8 

Edmands, George W. . . 5 

Edwards, Henry 6, 7 

Eldredge, Edward H. . . 7 

Elliot, John 1 

Ellis. Ebenezer 5 

Ellis; Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Romanus .... 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, John L 10 

Emmons, Joshua 3 

Erving, Edward S 11,9 

Eustis, William T 4, 7 

Eveleth, Joseph 4, 5 

Everett, Otis 11 

F 

Farley, Charles B 4 

Farnsworth, Amos 3 

Farnsworth, Ezra 6 

Farnam, Henry 4 

Faxon, Fras. E 4 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Faxon i Nathaniel 2 

Fay, Richard S 10 

Felt, George W 3 



Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenno, John 2 

Fessenden, Benjamin . . 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard N 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Fletcher, Henry W 12 

Flint, Joshua B 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Follett, Dexter 3 

Ford, Wm. C. .., 2,4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 

Foster, William. See Note. 

Fowle, Henry, jr 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B 1 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

French, Benj 8 

French^ Charles 1 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H 9 

Frost, Jairus A 11 

Frost, Oliver 1 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothingham, G. W 11 

Frothingham, Samuel . . 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. ... 3 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D 2 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardner, Henry J 4 

Gardner, John 6 

Gay, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gibson, Nehemiah 2 

Gilbert, Samuel, jr 11 

Gilbert, Sylvester P. . . . 8 

Gill, Perez 11 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Goodwin, William F. .. 4 

Gordon, George W 4 

Gore. Christopher 1 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gould, Benjamin A 9 

Gould, Frederick 1,2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Gove, Austin 2 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D 1 

Gray, John C 9 

Greely, Philip, jr 5 

Green, John, jr 11, 12 

Greenough, Wm. W. ... 4 

Gregg, Washington P. . 4 

Grosvenor, L. P 1,4 

Guild, Samuel E 11 

H 

Hale, Geo. S 7 

Hale, Theodore P 11 

Hall, Andrew T 9 

Hall, Daniel 12 

Hall, Martin L 4 

Hall, Samuel W 4 

Hallet. George 4 

Hamblen, David 11 

Hammond, Nathaniel . . 5 

Harding, Wm. B 12 

Harlow, Ezra 12 

Harrington, W. A 8 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, jr 12 



Harris, Leach 8 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Harris, William G 5 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, E. P 5 

Haskell, Daniel N 7, 8 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B 5 

Haskell, William 3 

Hastings, Edmund T. . . 5 

Hastings, Joseph S 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Hatch, Samuel 7 

Haughton, James 4 

Haven, Calvin W 11 

Haviland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hayden, William 10 

Hay ward, Ebenezer .... 12 

Hay ward. James 8 

Healy, JohnP 7 

Hennessey, Edward .... 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hillard, GeorM S 6 

Hinckley, Holmes 11 

Hinds, Calvin P 8 

Hinks, Edward W 3 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T 7 

Hobbs, John W. F 11 

Holden, Joel M 1 

Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 11 

Homer, Samuel J. M. . . . 10 

Hooper, Henry N 1 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hovey, James G 1 

Howard, Charles 11 

Howard, Eleazer. See note. 

Howard, William H. . . 12 

Howard, William P. . . . 1 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N 12 

Howe, Joseph N. jr 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchins, Ezra C 7 

J 

Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W 2, 4 

Jenkins, Joshua 12 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jepson, Samuel 3 

Jewell, Harvey 5, 4 

Jewett, Darwin E 4 

Johnson, Caleb S 3 

Johnson, Ebenezer .... 6 
Johnson, George W. ... 2 

Jones, EJiphalet 5 

Jones, George S 6 

Jones, Isaac 12 

Jones, Josiah M 8 

Jones, Peter C 9 

Jones, Samuel 3 

Jones, Thomas 12 

Josselyn, F. M. jr 12 

Josselyn, Lewis 2 

K 

Keith, Robert 1 

Kelly, Daniel D 2 



204 



IND EX 



Kendall, Ezekiel 5 

Kendall, Thomas 5 

Kendall, Timothy C. . . 1, 3 

Kent, Henry S 2 

Kent, William V 5 

Kimball, Benjamin .... 3 

Kimball, Daniel 10 

Kimball, Moses 10 

Kimball, Otis 10 

Kinsman, H. "W 11 

Krueger, William A. . . . 1 

L 

Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 

Lawrence, James 4 

Lawrence, S. Abbott ... 4 

Learnard, George W. . . 6 

Learnard, Wm. H 1 

Leavens, Simon D 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W 4 

Lewis, Joseph W 6 

Lewis, Winslow 11 

Lewis, Wiuslow, jr 10 

Libby, J.G. L 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Ezra, jr 10 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 

Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared ,. 6 

Lincoln, Levi R 3 

Lincoln, Noah, jr 1 

Little, William, jr. . 12 

Littlehale, Sargent S. .. 4i 

Lodge, Giles ll| 

Loring, Caleb G if 

Loring, Jonathan 61 

Loring, Perez 5* 

Loud, Andrew J 11 

Lounsbury, Wm. H 8 

Lovejoy, Keuben 10 

Lovejoy, William R. ... 1 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lowell, John, Jr 10 

M 

Mahan, Benjamin r 8 

Mann, Nehemiah P 12 

Manning, Francis C 8 

Marble, William 1 

Marrett, Philip 7, 11 

Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 

Marvin, Theophilus R. . . 7 

Mason, Henry 12 

Mason, Julian 11 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

Mayo, Charles 11 

Mayo, Watson G 2 

McAllaster, James 5 

McGilvray, David F 8 

McLellan, George W. . . 11 

McLellan, Isaac, Jr 9 

Means, James 4, 7 

Meriam, Edward P. . . . 5 

Merriam, Joseph W. ... 9 

Meriam, Levi 9 

Merrill, William B 9 

Messinger, Daniel 10 



Messinger, George W. . . 4 

Milton, Ephraim 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Minot, Albert T 11 

Munroe, James 2 

Moody, David 6 

Morey, George, Jr 11 

Morrison, NahumM. ... 9 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Moseley, David C 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 

Mullin, JohnR 10 

Munroe, Abel B 1 

N 

Nash, Nathaniel C 10 

Nazro, John G 11 

Nevers, Benjamin M. . . 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell , J oseph R 8 

Nichols, George N 4 

Nicolson, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C 1 

Nowell, Charles 9 

Noyes, George N 12 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 

O 

Ober, John P 1 

Odin, John, Jr 9 

Oliver, Francis J 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J 1 

Oliver, Samuel P 1 

Olney, Stephen W 2 

Orne, Henry 2 

Orrock, James L. P 3 

Otis, George W 5 

Otis, George W. Jr 5 

P 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 

Page, Thaddeus 1, 2 

Paine, R.T 10,11 

Palfrey, William 1 

Palmer, Benjamin F. . 2 

Palmer, Julius A 3 

Park, John C 5 

Parker, Amos B 3 

Parker, Benjamin 6 

Parker, Charles H 6 

Parker, Francis J 11 

Parker, Isaac 7 

Parker, John B 7, 8 

Parker, William 5 

Parker, William 10 

Parkman, William .... 1 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parmelee, Asaph 11 

Parrott, V/illiam W. ... 8 

Peabody, Augustus .... 7 

Peabody, O. W. B 9 

Peak, John 3 

Penniman, Scanunell ... 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S 12 

Perrin, Payson 11 

Phelps, Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W 10 

Phillips, John L 11 

Phillips, Thomas W 7 

Pickman, Benjamin T. . . 7 

Pierce, Josiah 10 



Piper, Solomon 10 

Plumer, Avery, Jr 5 

Plummer, Farnham 7 

Plympton, Henry 5 

Pollard, Abner W 2 

Pond, Benjamin 2 

Pond, Joseph A 5 

Pope, Thomas B 4 

Pope, William 11 

Porter, Edward F 2 

Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G 5 

Prescott, Bradbury G. . . 2 

Prescott, Edward G 9 

Prescott, William 9 

Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Prince, Hezekiah 10 

Pritchard, Oilman 11 

Proctor,John 12 

Prouty, Joel 6 

Putnam, John P 6 

Q 

Qumcy, Josiah, Jr 4 

R 

Raymond, Freeborn F. 4 

Raymond, Thatcher R.. . 2 

Raymond, Zebina L. ... 1 

Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J 4 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Reed, Reuben 5 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Alexander H 11 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, Israel C 5 

Rice, John P 10 

Richards, Francis 10, 9 

Richards, Joel 10 

Richardson, Benjamin P. 8 

Richardson, Bill 11 

Richardson James B. . . 8 

Richardson, Jeffrey .... 8 

Richardson, Josiah B. . . 11 

Richardson, William . . 11 

Ricker, George D 1 

Robbins, Edward H 9 

Roberts, Davis B 6 

Roberts, John G : 11 

Roberts, Joseph D 5 

Robinson, Simon W. ... 1 

Roby, Dexter 3 

Rogers, Charles 8 

Ropes, Samuel W 10 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 

Russell, Benjamin 8 

Russell, Benjamin F 2 

Russell, James W 3 

Russell, John B 9 

S 

Sampson, George R 10, 5 

Sanborn, Erastus W 3 

Sanborn, GreenleafC. . . 11 

Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See Note. 

Savage, George 11, 12 

Savage, James 8, 10 

Sears, Joshua 3, 8 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 

Seaver, Joshua, Jr 6 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 



INDEX 



205 



Seaver, Norman 9 

Sever, James W 7,9 

Severance, Jonathan B. 3 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shattiick, Lemuel ... .10, 11 

Shaw, Geor§-e A 5 

Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shaw, Robert G 4 

Shelton, Steplien, 9,10 

Shelton, Thomas J 8 

Shipley, Simon G 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simmons, Hiram 6 

Simonds, Alvan 12 

Simonds, Jonathan .... 10 

Simonds, William 5 

Slade, John, Jr 7 

Slade, Robert 10 

Sloan, Samuel W 12 

Smith, George W 2, 3 

Smith, Joseph 10,12 

Snelling, Enoch H 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B 3 

Snow, Ephraim L 5 

Southard, Zibeon 12 

Spear, William T 3 

Spinney, Samuel R 12 

Spooner, William B 4 

Sprague, C 10,11,12 

Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprague, William 3 

Standish, L. Miles 9 

Starbuck, Charles C 10 

Stearns, Charles H 1 

Stearns, Elijah 1 

Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stebbins, John B 12 

Stedman, Josiah 11 

Stetson, Alpheus 12 

Stetson, Sidney A 9 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 

Stevens, Benjamin F. . . 6 

Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, James M 3 

Stevens, John 6, 12 

Stevens, Jolm 11 

Stevens, Oliver 4 

Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stimpson, Frederick H. 6 

Stodder, .Joseph 2 

Stodder, J. W. T 9 

Stone, Artemas 7 

Stone, Joseph 2 

Story, Joseph 5 

Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 

Sturtevant, Noah 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Suter, Hales W 7 

Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 

T 

Talbot, Samuel, Jr 3 

Tappan, Lewis 9 



Tarbell, Eben 11 

Tarbell, Silas P 4 

Thacher William S 12 

Thaxter, Jonathan ..... 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer. Elias B 11 

Thayer, Frederic F 11 

Thayer, Gideon F 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H 8 

Thom, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F 2 

Thomas, William 6 

Tiiompson, Erasmus .... 1 

Thompson, John 11 

Thompson, N. A 6, 9 

Thompson, Thomas H.. . 1 

Thorndike, John H 8 

Thurston, Caleb 12 

Tillson, John 12 

Tilton, Stephen, Jr 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael 1 

Toplitr, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Cliarles 9 

Torrey , Samuel D 4 

Townsend, Isaac P 12 

Townsend, Samuel R. . . 5 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B 1,2 

Trull, Ezra 4 

Truman, John F 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, Stephen 11 

Tufts, Quincy 4 

Turner, Charles A 1 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner, Otis 11 

Tuttle, Jedediah 10 

Tuxbury, George W. . . 6 

Tyler, John 10 

Tyler, Jerome W 4 

U 

Upham , Henry 6 

Upham, Phineas 10 

Urann, Richard 11 

V 

Vinal, Alvin 6 

Vinson, Thomas M 12 

Vose, Edward A 11 

Vose, Joslma 11 

Vose, Josiah 11 

Vose, Thomas 11 

W 

Wakefield, Enoch H. . . 3 

Waldron, Samuel W. Jr. 11 

Wales, Samuel 10 

Wales, Thomas B 10 

Ward, Artemas 3 

Ward, Samuel D 7 



Ward, Thomas W 7 

Ware, Ephraim G 12 

Ware, Horatio G 5 

Warner, Barnet F 5 

Warren, Daniel 5 

Warren, George W 8 

Washburn, Calvin 5 

Washburn Cyrus 2 

Washburn, Frederic L. . 8 

Washburn, W. R. P. . . . 4 

Waters, Isaac 6 

Watts, Francis 8 

Webster, J ohn G 6 

Wedger, John B 1 

Weeks, William A 8 

Welles, John 9 

Wellington, Alfred A. . 4 

Wells, Charles 1 

Wells, John B 1, 2 

Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler, Joseph 1 

Wheeler, Samuel 11,12 

Wheelwright, George . . 6 

White, Warren, 11, 12 

Whiting, James 3 

Whitman, Samuel P. . . 1 

Whitney, Moses, Jr 9 

Whitney, William 9 

Whiton, David 7 

Whiton, James M 4 

Whiton, Lewis C 12 

Whittemore, George 8 

Whittemore, James F. . . 12 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, Jr 12 

Willett, Joseph 11 

Williams, Elijah, Jr 6 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 

Williams, Hoi;ace 6, 7 

Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. . . . 8 

Willis, Benjamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winter, Francis B 6 

Winthrop, G. T 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 

Woodman, Charles T. . . 1 

Woodman. George 10 

Wright, James 12 

Wright, John M 5, 8 

Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, Winslow 5 

Wyman, Abraham G. . . 5 

Y 

Teaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX 



A 

Aldermen, Eules and Orders, - - 3 
names and residences, - - 81 
powers and duties, - - - 37 
vacancies in, - - - - SO 
election of, - - - - 30, 81 
no choice of, . ... go 

Standing Committees of, - - 90 
Chairman of, ... 35^ 81 
Appropriations, 

additions to, - - - - 12 

transfers of, - ... 12 

Amendment of motion, - - - . 19 

of questions, - - - - 19 

of Eules and Orders, - - 7, 20 

Accounts, Board of, - - . .120 

Committee on, .... 85 

County, Committee on, - - 90 

Amories, Committee, - . - - 90 

Assessors' Department, Committee on, - 85 

Assessors, and how chosen, &c., - 39, 92 

Assistant, 92 

Auditor of Accounts, .... 115 

Assay Master, II7 

Advertising, &c., 114 



B 



By-Laws, titles to, - 

Ballot, election by, ... 

Buildings, Public, 

Committee on. 

Superintendent of. 
Burials, (see Cemeteries,) 
Bridges, Committee on, - 

Superintendents of, 
Bells and Clocks, Committee on. 
Board of Accounts, - 
Bark, &c., Measurers of - 
Boats, &c., Weighers oi^i . 
Broadway K. E. charter. 
Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, 
Ballast, 

Inspectors of, 
Business, order of, - 
Births, registry of, - 



Cochituate Water Board, - - . 

Conunittees, ..... 
not to act separately, - 
joint records and reports of, 
time allowed for reporting, 
powers and duties, 



11 

28 

87 
108 

90 

93 

90 

120 

118 

117 

), 64 

118 

117 
1, 19 
103 



Conference, n 

Joint Standing, ... 9 85 

number of members, . . - ' 9 

how appointed, - - - . 11 

of the Whole, - - - - 21 

Standing, how appointed, - - 11 

when not to sit, - - . . 21 

Chairman of, ... ji 2I 

chosen by ballot, - - - 9 



Committees, 

Chairman of, pro tem., - - 11 
Kotice of Meetings, - - - 22 
when to report, - - . . 22 
of Board of Aldermen, - 6,90 

Claims, 10 

Committee on, . . . .86 

Chairman of Committees, - - 11, 21 

of Board of Aldermen, - 35,81 

City Charter, 25 

how altered, .... 51 

City Debt, amount of, - . . . 154 

vote to increase, - - - . 12 

Committee on, - . - - 85 

Clerk of Council, duties, - . . 37,84 

City Officers, times of choice, - . 65,155 

City Council, powers of, - ' . . . 38 

ineligible to other offices, - - 41 

rules of, 9 

City Council, former members, - - 161 

City Physician, 67 

Common Council, ..... 82 
organization of, - - . 34, 37 
how chosen, ... .32 

rules of, ..... 15 
vacancies in, - - . . 32 
President, - . - . 37, 82 
clerk of, .... 37^ §4 
Cemeteries, Committee on, ... 90 

Coroners, . 119 

Conferences, ...... 11 

City Clerk, 36, 84 

vacancy, 36 

absence, 36 

County Accounts, Committee on, . . 90 

Officers, 118 

Common, &c., Committee on, - . 90 
Superintendent of, - - . 108 

Constables, 112 

Clocks, &c., Committee on, - . - 90 
Court House, Keeper of, . - . . 120 

Cullers of Fish, 117 

Hoops, &c., 117 

City Crier, 118 

Charitable Institutions, .... 104 

Consulting Physicians, .... 102 

Chief of Police, ...... no 

Correction, House of, - . - . 105 

D 

Debt, City, 154 

increase of, - . . - - 12 

Committee on, . . . - 85 

Deaths, registry of 103 

Deeds, indexes of, - . . . .55 

Division of cjuestions, . . . . jg 

Decorum of members, - - - - 17 

Doubted Votes, la 

Disagreement of two Boards, - - - 11 
E 

Excuses for not voting, - ... is 

Elections by ballot, - - . - - 2S 

of State officers, ... 26, 48 

of City Officers, times, - 65, 155 

Committee on, - - . - 89 



INDEX 



207 



External Health, Committee on, - - 190 

Engines, oificers and members, - - 93 

Engineer, City, 116 

Assistant do. - . - - 116 

Engineers, pay, &c., - - - - - 93 

Estates, valuation of, ... - 154 

F 

Finance, Committee on, - - - - 86 

Furnaces, &c., do. - ■ - - - - 91 

Faneuil Hall, Committee on, - - - 90 

Superintendent of, ... 108 

Fii-e Department, ... - 93 

Ordinance, ..... 72 

Committee on, - - . - 90 

Officers of, - - - - - 94 

Fire Alarms, Superintendent, &c., - 96 

Stations, 97 

Committee, 86 

Fence Viewers, 117 

Field Drivers, 107 

Further time to report, . - - - 22 

Fish, Cullers of, 117 

Funeral Undertakers, .... 103 

Fuel Committee, 86 

G 

General Meetings, 50 

Government, City, . - - - - 81 

H 

Harbor of Boston, Committee on, - - 87 

Acts, ... - - 59 

Master, --..-- 100 

regulations, . - - - - 100 

House of Correction, 

Overseers, &c,. of, ... 105 

Reformation, . - - - 104 

Industry, &c., ... - 104 

Hospital, Lunatic, Visitors of, - - 105 

Health Department, 1U2 

Board of, 40 

Superintendent of, - - • 102 

Hay Weighers, 117 

Hay, Inspectors of, - - - - - 118 

Highways, Surveyors of, - - - - 40 

Hoops and Staves, Cullers of, - - - 117 

Hacks, &c. Supt. of, .... m 

I 

Internal Health, Committee on, " " ^2 

Industry, House of, - - - - - lO* 

Instruction, Public, Committee on, - 88 

Inspectors of Prisons, .... 120 

Indefinite Postponement, - . - - 4 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 

Island, Committee on, - - - 87 

Officers, 104 

J 

Jail, Committee on, 91 

Joint Rules and Orders, ... - 9 

Joint Standing Committees, - - - 85 

how composed, .... 9 

records to be kept, - - - 13 

Chairman of, ... - 11 

reports of, - - - - - 13 

Jailor, Deputy, - 119 

Justices, Police Court, - - - - 159 

Jurors, lists of, ..... 55 

L 

Laws, recent, 54 

Lunatic Hospital, Visitors, ... 105 

Laying on the table, .... 4 



Licenses, Committee on, - - - - 90 

Lands, Public, Committee on, . - 88 

Ordinance, - .... 73 

Superintendent of, - - - 108 

Lamps, number of, &c., .... 107 

Committee on, .... 90 

Superintendent of, . - - 107 

Lumber, Surveyors of, - - - - 116 

Lighters, Weigher of, - - - - 119 

Ordinance, 77 

Lime, inspector of, - - - - - 117 

Leather, Measurer of, .... 118 
Library, Public, 

Committee on, .... 88 

Trustees, 109 

Librarian, 109 

Commissioners, ... - 110 

Lock-ups, Keeper of, ... - 120 

M 
Motions to be in writing, . - - - 19 
withdrawn, . - ... 16 
Members, rights and duties of, . - 17 
Members not to speak more than twice, - 18 
not to stand up, ... - 18 
not to be interrupted, - - - 18 
not to be on more than two Com- 
mittees, . ..." 18 
not to be named, ... - 20 
all to vote, ..... 18 
two or more rising, - - - 17 

interested, 18 

Mayor and Aldermen, - - - - 81 

Mayor, absence of, - - - - - 35 

no choice of, .... 29 

election of, - - - - - 28 

decease of, - - - - - 44 

vacancy, ----- 44 

duties of, ----- 42 

compensation, - - - - 41 

veto power, ----- 42 

Main question, 16 

Memorials, &c., 20 

Market, Committee on, . - - - 90 

Superintendent and assistants of, 110 

limits, 110 

Mahogany, &c.. Surveyors of, - - 117 

Municipal Court, Officers of, - - - 119 

Year, - .... 26 

Messenger to City CouncU, - - - 84 

Assistant, ..... 84 

Meetings of Committees, notice of, - - 22 

of citizens, ..... 50 

Marriages, &c.. Registry of, - - - 103 

Measurer of Wood, Bark, &c., - - 118 

Marble, Surveyor.of, 117 

N. 

Notice to Committees, - - - - 22 

Newspapers, City, - . - - 114 

Non-concurrence, ----- 11 

O 

Oaths of oflce, - - . - - - 34 
Order of business, .... 6,19 

Orders, titles of, 11 

to have two readings, - - - 22 

Ordinances, titles of, - - - H 

recent, 65 

reading of, - - - - - 22 

Committee on, - - - - 87 

Overseers of the Poor, .... 106 

Oak, Lumber, &c.. Surveyors of, - - 117 
Order, questions of, - - - - 4, 16 
Officers, election of, time, &c., - 65, 155 

Orators of Boston, - - - - 157 

Organization of City Council, - - 34 



208 



INDEX. 



P 

Police Department, 110 

Committee on, - - - - 91 

Court, 119 

Harbor, 112 

Paving, &c.. Committee on, - - - 90 

Prisons, Inspectors of, . - - - 120 

Physicians, Port, and City, - - - 102 

Consulting, 102 

Priority of Business, - - - - 6. 19 

Pound Keepers, ------ 117 

Personal estate, valuation of, - - 151, 154 

Population of the City, - - - - 155 

President of the Council, 

rights and duties of, - - - 15 

absence of, - - - - - 17 

substitution of, - - - - 15 

to call to order, - - - - 15 

Previous Question, ----- 16 

Public Buildings, Superintendent of, - 108 

Committee on, - - - - 87 

Public Library, Committee on, - - 88 

Trustees, - - - - 109 

Commissioners, ... - 110 

Puplic Instruction, Committee on, - - 88 
Public Lands, 

Ordinance, ----- 73 

Superintendent of, - - - 108 

Committee on, - - - - 88 

advertising, ----- 114 

Poor, Overseers ot, 106 

Personalities, ------ 17 

Postponement, ----- 16 

Petitions, &c., 20 

Printing, &c.. Committee on, - - 88, 114 

Pawnbrokers, Ordinance, . . - 68 

Q 

Questions propounded, - - - - 16 

under debate, - - - - 16 

order of, 16 

Questions, divisions of, - - - - 19 

laying on the table, - - - 16 

Quarantine boat, 102 

R 

Eules and Orders, 

Joint, - - . . - 15 

Board of Aldermen, - - - 3 

Common Council, - - - 15 
suspension of, - - - - 7, 20 
repeal or amendment of, - - 7, 20 
Eeduction of City Debt, 

Committee on, - - - - 85 

Eesolves, what are, - - - - 11 
Kepresentatives, 

number of determined, - - 41 
election of, - - - - 48, 49 
Eecords of Committees. - - - -13 

Eeports, Clerks to make copies, - - 13 

to be in writing, - - - - 13 

Joint, - . - - - - 13 

agreed to by Committee, - - 13 

time allowed, - - - - 13 

Reconsideration, 4, 18 

Reading of papers, 20 

Real estate, valuation of, - - 151, 154 

Reference of questions, - - - - 19 

Recommitment, - - . - . - 19 

Reformation, House of, - - - - 104 

Registrar, City, ------ 102 

Water, 74 

Registry of Births, &c., - - - - 103 

Register of Deeds, 39 

S 

Standing Committees, Joint, - - - 9 

members of, 85 



Standing CommitteCj Joint, 

Chairman ot, - - - - 11 

meetings, how called, - - - 22 

of Aldermen, - - . - 90 

to keep records, - - . - 13 

Sums, and times, votes on, - - -4,16 

Suspension of rules, &c., - - - 7, 20 

Seats of members, ----- 20 

Sewers and Drains, 

Committee on, - - - - 91 

Superintendent of, - - - 114 

Salaried Otficers, how chosen, - - 23 

Solicitor, City, ------ 114 

Steam Engines, 

Committee on, - - - - 91 

Boat, Captain, - - - - 102 

Streets and Ways, Committee on, - 89, 91 

Superintendent of, - - - 114 

Surveyors of Highways, - - - - 40 

Staves, &c.. Cullers of, &c., - - - 117 

Seal of City, 53 

Sheriffs, &c., 119 

Substitution of President, - - - 15 

Superior Court, &c., act, - - - - 59 

Sealers of Weights and Measures, - - 118 
Schools, 

Committee, ----- 121 

vacancies, ----- 54 

organization, - - - - 122 

Superintendent, - - - - 121 

Superior Court, - - - - 118 

T 

Transfers of appropriations, - - - 12 
Times and sums, votes on, - - - 4, 16 

Taxes, 38,39,151 

Treasurer, ------- 115 

Treasury Department, - - - . 115 

Committee on, - - - - 89 

Titles to ordinances, &c., - - - - 11 

Trucks, &c., Superintendent of, - - 111 

Trees, law respecting, - - - - 57 

Two-thirds vote, 12 

Truants, 

Officers for, - - - - 



113 



103 
118 



U 

Undertakers, ... 
Upper Leather, Measurer of, - 

V 

Votes, returns of, ----- 48 
how transmitted, - - . - 49 

doubted, 6, 19 

of all required, - - - - 18 
Voters, qualified, - - - . 46, 47 
Vacancies in Ward Offices, &c., - 27, 36 

W 
Water Department, ----- 115 
Water, Committee on, - - - - 89 
Ordinance, ----- 67 

Registrar, 116 

Ward Officers, 27, 143 

Officers, duties of, - - - 27, 47 
Vacancies, &c., - - - 27, 36 

Ward Rooms, 150 

Meetings, 50 

Warden, power and duties, - - - 27 

Wards, boundaries, 146 

division of, 25 

Widening streets. Committee on, - 89, 91 
Wood, &c., Measurers of, ... Ji8 
Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, 118 

Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 111 
Weighers and Measurers, - - - - 118 

Y 

Yeas and Nays, 4, 16 



L