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Full text of "Municipal register : containing rules and orders of the City Council, the city charter and recent ordinances, and a list of the officers of the City of Boston, for .."

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,yji' 



MUNICIPAL REGISTER: 



CONTAINING THE 



\^ CITY CHAETER, RECENT LAWS AND ORDINANCES, 
\ AND RULES AND ORDERS 



OF THE 



CITY COUNCIL, 



AND A 



LIST OF THE OFEICERS OE THE CITY OP BOSTON, 



FOR THE YEAR 



1859, 



BOSTON: 
GEO. C. RAND AND AVERY, CITY PRINTERS, 

NO. 3 CORNHILL. 

1859. 



THE CITY CHAETER. 



Section 1. The inhabitants of the City of Bos- corporate 



owers. 
.821, 110, §1. 



ton, for all the purposes for which towns and 
cities are by law incorporated in this Common- 
wealth, shall continue to be one body politic, in 
fact and in name, under the style and denomi- 
nation of the City of Boston, and, as such, shall 
have, exercise and enjoy all the rights, immuni- 
ties, powers and privileges, and shall be subject 
to all the duties and obligations now incumbent 
upon and appertaining to said city, as a muni- 
cipal corporation. 

Sect. 2. The administration of all the fiscal, cj^y^^^^^- 
prudential, and municipal concerns of said city,^^^^'^^*^'^ 
with the conduct and government thereof, shall 
be vested in one principal officer, to be styled 
the Mayor, one council of twelve persons, to be 
called the Board of Aldermen, and one council 
of forty-eight persons, to be called the Common 
Council, which boards, in their joint capacity, 
shall be denominated the City Council, and also 
in such other boards of officers as are hereinafter 
specified. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of the City Division 

. . into twelve 

Council, and they are empowered durmg the^gi^'^ij^ ^2 
year 1860, and whenever thereafterwards they \fS.\m\^^' 



4 CITY CHAETEE. 

may deem it expedient, not oftener than once 
in ten years, to cause a new division of the city 
to be made into twelve wards, in such manner 
as to include an equal number of voters in each 
ward, as nearly as conveniently may be, con- 
sistently with well defined limits to each ward ; 
and until such division be made, the boundary 
lines of the wards shall remain as now estab- 
lished. 
Annual Sect. 4. Thc auuual meeting of citizens for 

meeting for . i • f« 

of cftr*'"'' the election of municipal of&cers heremaiter 
officers, jjientioned, shall be held on the second Mon- 
day of December, and the citizens of said city 
qualified to vote in city affairs, shall, for the 
purpose of such election, then meet together 
within the wards in which they respectively re- 
1851, ch. 167. side, at such hour and place as the board of 

1854, ch. 39. ' -, ,1 . , T i 1 

aldermen may by their warrant direct and ap- 
point; and the person receiving the highest num- 
ber of votes for any of&ce, shaU be deemed and 
declared to be elected to such oflB.ce ; and when- 
ever two or more persons are to be elected to 
the same of&ce, the several persons, to the num- 
ber required to be chosen, having the highest 
number of votes, shall be declared elected. 
Certificates Sect. 5. Evcry pcrsou so chosen in any ward 
tobe^fm-'' shall, within forty-eight hours of his election, be 
furnished by the clerk with a certificate thereof, 
signed by the warden, clerk, and a majority of 
the inspectors, which certificate shall be pre- 
sumptive evidence of the title of such person 
to the ofl&ce therein mentioned. 



CITY CHARTER. 5 

Sect. 6. The nmnicipal officers to be chosen ^eSTf'*'^' 
at the annual election, shall enter upon theyS?.^"^^ 

^ -■• 1824, 49, §2. 

duties of their respective offices on the first Mon- 
day of January. 

Sect. 7. The qualified voters of said city ^aM ""^ °^ 
shall, at the annual meeting, choose by ballot ° 
one warden and one clerk and five inspectors 
of elections for each ward, who shall be resident 
in said ward, and who shall hold their offices for 
one year, and until others shall be chosen and 
qualified in their stead. 

Sect. 8. The ward officers mentioned in the ward 

officers to oe 

preceding section, shall respectively make oath|^i™io,§3. 
faithfully and impartially to discharge their sev- 
eral duties, which oath may be administered by 
the clerk of such ward to the warden, and by 
the latter to the clerk and inspectors, or to all 
of said officers, by any justice of the peace for 
the county of Sufiblk ; and a certificate thereof 
shall be entered in the record, to be kept by the 
clerk of the ward. 

Sect. 9. In case of the non-election of anv^on-eiec- 

•^ tiouofward 

ward officer at the annual meeting, adjourn- ^®''^^^- 
ments may be had for the purpose of effecting 
such election, in the same manner as is herein- 
after provided with regard to the election of 
members of the common council. 

Sect. 10. In case of the absence of any ward Absence of 

/Y» 1 ' ward 

officer, at any ward meetmg, such officer naay^g^f^l^ ^3 
be chosen pro tempore, by hand vote, and shall ■^^^^'^■^^'^^' 
have all the powers and be subject to all the 
duties of the regular officer at such meeting. 



6 CITY CHAETER. 

duty^o/"*^ Sect. 11. It shall be the duty of the warden 
to preside at all ward meetings, with the powers 
of moderators of town meetings. In case of his 
absence, the clerk, and in case of the absence 
of the clerk, any inspector shall preside accord- 
ing to seniority, until a warden shall be chosen 
as provided in the preceding section. 

SaJd'cifrk Sect. 12. It shall be the duty of the clerk 

1821, no, § 3. ^Q make a fair and true record, and to keep an 
exact journal of all the acts and votes of citi- 
zens at the ward meetings, and to deliver over 
such records and journals, together with other 
documents and papers held by him in his said 
capacity, to his successor in office. 

Duties of Sect. 13. It shall be the duty of the warden 

warden and '' 

^lifiio^k ^^^ inspectors of each ward, to receive, sort, 

and count, and of the warden to declare, all 

votes at any election within such ward. 

wardof Sect. 14. It shall be the duty of all ward 

elections, officcrs authorizcd to preside and act at elec- 

1845,217,53. , , ^ 

tions of city officers, to attend and perform their 
respective duties, at the times and places ap- 
pointed for elections of any officers, whether of 
the United States, State, City, or Wards, and to 
make and sign the regular returns of the same. 
Election of Sect. 15. Thc Qualified voters of said city 
i82i,iio,§5.gj^g^|]_^ g^^ the annual meeting, be called upon to 
give in their votes for one able and discreet 
person, being an inhabitant of the city, to be 
mayor of said city for the term of one year. 
All the ballots so given in, in each ward, being 
sorted, counted and declared, shall be recorded 
at large by the clerk in open ward meeting: 



CITY CHARTER. i 

and in making such declaration and record, the 
whole number of votes or ballots given in shall 
be distinctly stated, together with the name of 
every person voted for, and the number of votes 
given for each person respectively; such num- 
bers to be expressed in words at length ; and a 
transcript of such record, certified and authenti- 
cated by the warden, clerk, and a majority of 
the inspectors of elections for each ward, shall 
forthwith be transmitted or delivered by such 
ward clerk to the clerk of the city. It shall be 
the duty of the city clerk forthwith to enter 
such returns, or a plain and intelligible abstract 
of them, as they are successively received, upon 
the journal of the proceedings of the board of 
aldermen, or some other book to be kept for that 
purpose. 

Sect. 16. The board of aldermen shall, as^Xmento 
soon as conveniently may be, within three days ret™ of 
of such election, meet together and examine all mayor. 
the said returns, and they shall cause the person Jf*^' ''^^ ^' 
who may have been elected mayor, to be noti- 
fied in writing of his election ; but if it shall 
appear by said returns that no person has been 
elected, or if the person elected shall refuse to 
accept the of&ce, the board shall issue their war- 
rants for a new election, and the same proceed- 
ings shall be had as are provided in the pre- 
ceding section for the choice of a mayor, and 
repeated from time to time, until a mayor shall 
be chosen. '> 



8 CITY CHARTER. 

fncalfoflo Sect. 17. Whenever, on examination by the 
Layorbe- board of aldermcn, of the returns of votes given 

fore the ^ ° 

^^^ence-^for mayor at the meetings of the wards holden 
municipal £^^ ^^ purpose of electing that officer, last pre- 
* ceding the first Monday of January, in each 
year, no person shall appear to be chosen, the 
board of aldermen, by whom such examination 
is made, shall make a record of that fact, an 
attested copy of which record it shall be the 
duty of the city clerk to produce and read, on 
the first Monday of January, in the presence of 
the members returned to serve as aldermen and 
common councilmen ; and the oaths prescribed 
by law may be administered to the members 
elect. The members of the board of aldermen 
shall thereupon proceed to elect a chairman, and 
the common council a president, in their respect- 
ive chambers, and being respectively organized 
they shall proceed to business in the manner 
hereinafter provided, in case of the absence of 
the mayor : — and the board of aldermen shall 
forthwith issue their warrants for meetings of 
the citizens of the respective wards, for the 
choice of a mayor, at such time and place as 
they shall judge most convenient ; and the same 
proceedings shall be had, in all respects, as are 
hereinbefore directed, and shall be repeated from 
time to time, until a mayor shall be duly chosen. 
Proceedings Sect. 18. Whcnevcr it shall appear, by the 
mayor is rcsfular rctums of the elections of city officers, 

chosen, or a a ./ ^ 

of aldermen that a mayor hasrnot been chosen, or that a 
elecfed. full board of aldermen has not been elected, 

1845,217, §1. 

such of the board of aldermen, whether they 



CITY CHARTER. V 

constitute a quorum or not, as may have been 
chosen, shall issue their warrant, in the usual 
form, for the election of a mayor, or such mem- 
bers of the board of aldermen as may be neces- 
sary, and the same proceedings shall be had. 
and repeated, until the election of a mayor and 
aldermen shall be completed, and all vacancies 
shall be filled in the said board; and in case 
neither a mayor nor any aldermen shall be 
elected at the usual time for electing the same, 
and after the powers of the former mayor and 
aldermen shall have ceased, it shall be the duty 
of the president of the common council, to issue 
his warrant, in the same manner as the board of 
aldermen would have done, if elected, and the 
same proceedings shall be had and repeated, 
until a mayor or one or more aldermen shall 
be elected. 

Sect. 19. The qualified voters of said city Election of 

-•■ "^ aldermen. 

shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to^^^^'^^*^'^^- 
give in their votes for twelve persons, being 
inhabitants of said city, to constitute the board 
of aldermen for the ensuing year, and all the 
votes so given, being sorted, counted, and de- 
clared by the warden and inspectors, shall be 
recorded at large by the clerk, in open ward 
meeting; and in making such declaration and 
record, the whole number of votes or ballots 
given in, shall be particularly stated, together 
with the name of every person voted for, and 
the number of votes given for each person ; 
and a transcript of such record, certified by 
the warden and clerk, and a majority of the 
2 



10 



CITY CHARTER. 



Election of 
common 
council men 



inspectors of each ward, shall forthwith be trans- 
mitted to the city clerk; whereupon the same 
proceedings shall be had, to ascertain and de- 
termine the persons chosen as aldermen, as are 
hereinbefore directed, in regard to the choice 
of mayor, and for a new election, in case of the 
whole number required not being chosen at the 
first election. And each alderman so chosen 
shall be duly notified in writing of his election, 
by the mayor and aldermen for the time being. 
Sect. 20. The qualified voters of each ward 
i82i,iio,§7. shall, at the annual election, be called upon to 
give in their votes for four able and discreet 
men, being inhabitants of the ward, to be mem- 
bers of the common council for the ensuing 
year ; and all the ballots so given in, in each 
ward, being sorted, counted and declared, a pub- 
lic declaration of the result shall be made by the 
warden in open ward meeting ; and a record of 
such proceedings shall be kept by the clerk, in 
his journal, stating particularly the whole num- 
ber of ballots giv^n in, the number necessary to 
make a choice, the number actually given for 
each person, the whole to be written in words at 
length. 
Proceedings Sect. 21. In case four persons are not chosen 
of Common ^t the first balloting in any ward, the meeting 
counc men. ^^ ^^^^ ward shall be adjourned by the presid- 
ing of&cer, for the purpose of filling such vacan- 
cies, to a period not less than twenty-four, nor 
more than seventy-two hours distant from the 
hour when the polls were opened at the first 
balloting ; the time of adjournment, within such 



CITY CHARTEE. 11 

limits, to be determined by the warden, with the 
consent of a majority of the inspectors who may 
be present when such adjournment is had ; and 
such notice shall be given of the time of such 
adjournment, and the time the polls will be kept 
open, as the warden may direct ; and at such 
adjourned meeting a balloting shall be opened 
for a number of common councilmen sufficient 
to complete the number of four, which shall be 
conducted, and its result be declared and record- 
ed, in the same manner as before prescribed for 
the first balloting. 

Sect. 22. In case there shall still be vacancies ^^™« ^ 

subject. 

in the number of common councilmen in any 
ward, adjournments of the meetings of the citizens 
thereof, for the purpose of filling the same, shall 
continue to be had in the same manner, to periods 
not less than twenty-four nor more than seventy- 
two hours distant from each other, at all of which 
the balloting shall be conducted, and the result be 
declared and recorded in the same manner as be- 
fore prescribed, until the number of four shall be 
duly chosen. And at all such adjournments the 
polls shall be kept open the same number of hours 
as are required by the original warrant. 

Sect. 23. If at the close of the last legally ad-f^^^^^^t 
journed meeting of any ward as aforesaid preced- 
ing the first Monday in January, there shall still 
be vacancies in the number of common council- 
men for any ward, no further adjournment shall 
be had ; but a record of the fact, and of the 
number of such vacancies, shall be made by the 



12 CITY CHAETEE. 

clerk of the ward in his journal, signed therein by 
the warden, clerk, and a majority of the inspectors, 
an attested copy of which record shall forthwith 
be delivered by the clerk of the ward to the city 
clerk, who shall lay the same before the common 
council at their first meeting in January. 
Board of gj;cT. 24. The board of aldermen, the common 

aldermen, ' 

feeof council, and the school committee shall have 
i82i,uo^'§7. authority to decide upon all questions relative to 

the qualifications, elections and returns of their 

respective members. 
Vacancies Sect. 25. Whcnevcr it shall appear to the 

m city or ■'■-'■ 

7845^21^72; board of aldermen, that there is a vacancy, by re- 
moval from the city, or by death, resignation, or 
otherwise, in the board of aldermen, the common 
council, the school committee, or in any of the 
city and ward of&ces, it shall be the duty of said 
board to issue their warrant in due form to fill all 
such vacancies, in each and all of said boards and 
of&ces, at such time and place as they may deem 
advisable ; and the same proceedings shall be had, 
and adjournments, if necessary, within the same 
limits, as are herein prescribed for the annual 
meeting for the election of common councilmen. 
But in case of vacancies in the common council, 
and school committee, such warrant shall not be 
issued, until the board of aldermen receive of&cial 
information thereof. 

Removal of Sect. 26. All citv aud ward officers shall be 

city or ward •' 

t'b^fr^waX held to discharge the duties of the offices to which 
1845, 217, §5. ^^^^ ]iave been respectively elected, notwithstand- 
ing their removal after their election out of their 
respective wards, into any other wards of the city. 



CITY CHARTER. 13 

But they shall not be so held after they have tak- 
en up their permanent residence out of the city. 

Sect. 27. The mayor, aldermen, and common g^f°'/^j^y 
councilmen, on the first Monday of January, or582i"ii6,§9. 
before entering on the duties of their offices, shall 
respectively be sworn, by taking the oath of alle- 
giance and oath of office, prescribed in the con- 
stitution of this commonwealth, and an oath to 
support the constitution of the United States. And 
such oaths may be administered to the mayor elect, 
by any one of the justices of the supreme judicial 
court, or any judge of any court of record, com- 
missioned to hold any such court, within the said 
city, or by any justice of the peace for the county 
of Suffolk. And such oaths shall be administered oatt of 

office. 

to the aldermen and members of the common 
council, by the mayor, being himself first sworn 
as aforesaid ; or by either of the persons authorized 
to administer said oath to the mayor ; and a cer- 
tificate of such oaths having been taken, shall be 
entered in the journal of the mayor and aldermen, 
and of the common council respectively, by their 
respective clerks. 

Sect. 28. In case of the unavoidable absence, Absence of 

, mayor elect. 

on account of sickness or otherwise, of the mayor ^^^^' '^' ^ ^• 
elect, on the first Monday in January, the city 
government shall organize itself in the mode here- 
inbefore provided in cases wherein no person shall 
have been elected mayor at the meeting last pre- 
ceding the first Monday in January, and may pro- 
ceed to business in the same manner as if the 
mayor was present. 



14 CITY CHARTER. 



Aldermen 
to choose a 



Sect. 29. After the organization of the city 
chaSmai^ govemment and the qualification of a mayor, and 
when a quorum of the board of aldermen shall be 
present, said board, the mayor presiding, shall pro- 
ceed to choose a permanent chairman, who shall 
preside at all meetings of the Board and at conven- 
tions of the two branches, in the absence of the 
mayor ; and in case of any vacancy in the office 
of mayor for any cause, he shall exercise all the 
powers and perform all the duties of the office as 
long as such vacancy shall continue. But he shall 
continue to have a vote in the board, and shall not 
have the veto power. 
City clerk. Sect. 30. Thc mayor, aldermen, and common 
10. ' ' council in convention, in the month of January, 
shall choose a clerk for the term of one year, and 
until another person is duly chosen and qualified 
in his stead, who shall be sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of the duties of his office, and shall be re- 
movable at the pleasure of the board of aldermen 
— the mayor thereto consenting. He shall be de- 
nominated the city clerk, and it shall be his duty 
to keep a journal of the acts and proceedings of 
the board of aldermen, to sign all warrants issued 
by them, and to do such other acts in his said ca- 
pacity, as may lawfully and reasonably be required 
of him ', and to deliver over all journals, books, 
papers, and documents entrusted to him as such 
clerk, to his successor in office, immediately upon 
such successor being chosen and qualified as afore- 
said, or whenever he may be thereunto required 
■ by the aldermen. The city clerk thus chosen and 
qualified shall continue to have all the powers and 



CITY CHARTER. 15 

perform all the duties now by law belonging to 
him. 

Sect. 31. In case of a vacancy in the office otj^lf^fj^ 
city clerk, from any cause, the same shall be*'®' " 
filled in the manner provided in the preceding 
section. 

Sect. 32. In case of the temporary absence of ^^y^^c^^^^*?^ 
the city clerk, the mayor, by and with the advice 
and consent of the board of aldermen, may appoint 
a city clerk pro tempore. 
- Sect. 33. The administration of police, toarether Powers and 

^ . duties of 

with the executive powers of the said corpora- ^{'jf/rmeL 
tion generally, and all the powers formerly vested is. ' ' ^ 

^ -^ -^ . 1852, 266. 

in the selectmen of the town of Boston, either by 
the general laws of this commonwealth, by partic- 
ular laws relative to the powers and duties of said 
selectmen, or by the usages, votes or by-laws of 
said town, and all the powers subsequently vested e.s.24:,§ 54. 

' •■■ . Id-i 14, § 29. 

in the mayor and aldermen of said city, as county 
commissioners or otherwise, shall be, and hereby 
are vested in the board of aldermen, as hereby 
constituted, as fully and amply as if the same 
were herein specially enumerated. A majority of 
the members of the board shall constitute a quo- 
rum for the transaction of business. Their meet-1821, no, § 
ings shall be public, and the mayor, if present, 
shall preside, but without a vote. 

Sect. 34. The persons so chosen and qualified ^^^^ 
as members of the common council of the said bTd'y.''*^ 

1 n -J 1 1 , 1 1821, 110, § 

City, shall sit and act together as a separate body,ii- 
distinct from that of the board of aldermen, ex- 
cept in those cases in which the two bodies are to 
meet in convention; and the said council shall 



16 CITY CHARTER. 

Fresident. }^^yq powei", from time to time, to choose one of 
their own members to preside over their deliber- 
ations, and to preserve order therein, and also to 

^^®'^" choose a clerk, who shall be under oath faithfully 
to discharge the duties of his office, who shall 
hold such office during the pleasure of said coun- 
cil, and whose duty it shall be to attend said coun- 
cil, when the same is in session, to keep a journal 
of its acts, votes, and proceedings, and to perform 
such other services, in said capacity, as said coun- 

?epufi^ic.° cil may require. All sittings of the common 
council shall be public ; and twenty-five members 

Quorum, gball constitutc a quorum for the transaction of 
business. 

Powers of Sect. 35. All othcr powers heretofore bylaw 

city council, ^ ^ ^ "^ ^ 

1821, 110, § vested in the town of Boston, or in the inhabit- 
stat.i847,c.^^^g thereof, as a municipal corporation, or in the 
city council of the city of Boston, shall be and 
hereby are continued to be vested in the mayor, 
aldermen, and common council of the said city, 
to be exercised by concurrent vote, each board as 
hereby constituted having a negative upon the 
proceedings of the other, and the mayor having a 
veto power as hereinafter provided. More espe- 
cially they shall have power to make all such 
needful and salutary by-laws, or ordinances, not 
inconsistent with the laws of this commonwealth, 
as towns by the laws of this commonwealth have 
power to make and establish, and to annex pen- 
alties not exceeding fifty dollars, for the breach 
thereof, which by-laws and ordinances shall take 
effect and be in force from and after the time 
therein respectively limited, without the sanction 



By-laws, 



CITY CHARTER. 17 

or confirmation of any court, or other authority 
"whatsoever. 

Sect. 36. The city council shall also have^f^a™* 
power, from time to time, to lay and assess taxes 15. ' ' * 

Stat 1852 c. 

for all purposes for which towns are by law re-^oi. 
quired or authorized to assess and grant money, 1822, 85. 
and also for all purposes for which county taxes 14/34. 
may be levied and assessed, so long as other towns 
in the county shall not be liable to taxation for 
county purposes. But in the assessment and ap- 
portionment of all such taxes upon the polls and 
estates of all persons liable to contribute thereto, 
the same rules and regulations shall be observed 
as are now established by the laws of this com- 
monwealth, or may be hereafter enacted, relative 
to the assessment and apportionment of town 
taxes. 

Sect. 37. The said city council shall also have collection 
power to provide for the assessment and collection 13^21^110; § 
of such taxes, and to make appropriations of all 
public moneys, and provide for the disbursement 
thereof, and take suitable measures to ensure a 
just and prompt account thereof; and for these ^ggggg^^g t^, 
purposes, may either elect such assessors and as-^®*'''°'^°" 
sistant assessors as may be needful, or provide for 
the appointment or election of the same or any of 
them, by the mayor and aldermen, or by the citi- 
zens, as in their judgment may be most conducive 
to the public good ; and may also require of all 
persons entrusted with the collection, custody, or 
disbursement of public moneys, such bonds, with^ayte^*"' 
such conditions and such sureties, as the case may ''^'^''''"'^■ 
in their judgment require. 
3 



18 CITY CHARTER. 

dimay™"o- ^^^^- ^^' "^^^ ^^^J council maj provide for the 
Ippoint-* ^appointment or election of all necessary officers, 

mentof city •'- ^ . , . , 

,^o*S.*'''i'?x . for the good government oi said city, not other- 
^^' wise provided for, and may prescribe their duties 

Register of and fix their compensation ; and may choose a 

deeds. ^ . 

register of deeds, whenever the city shall be one 
county. 
Care and Sect. 39. The city couucil shall have the care 

custody of "^ 

city prop- ^^^ superintendence of the public buildings, and 
16. ' ' ^ the care, custody, and management of all property 
of the city, with power to lease or sell the same, 
Power to except the Common and Faneuil Hall. And the 
property, gaid city council shall have power to purchase 
property, real or personal, in the name and for 
* the use of the city, whenever its interest or conve- 
nience may in their judgment require it. 
Board of Sect. 40. All the power and authority now by 
1821, lio, § law vested in the city council or in the board of 
i2*pick!'i34'. mayor and aldermen, relative to the public health 
and the quarantine of vessels, shall continue to be 
vested in the city council, to be carried into exe- 
cution by the appointment of one or more health 
commissioners ; or in such other manner as the 
health, cleanliness, comfort, and order of the city 
may, in their judgment, require, subject to such 
alterations as the legislature may from time to 
time adopt. The powers and duties above named 
may be exercised and carried into effect by the 
city council, in any manner which they may pre- 
scribe, or through the agency of any persons to 
whom they may delegate the same, notwithstand- 
ing a personal exercise of the same, collectively 
or individually, is prescribed by previous legisla- 



CITY CHARTER. 19 

tion ; and the city council may constitute either 
branch, or any committee of their number, wheth- 
er joint or separate, the board of health, for all or 
for particular purposes. 

Sect. 41. The board of aldermen shall be sur- If-^.J^J^ 
veyors of highways for said city. Tsll^] 2. 

Sect. 42. The city council shall, in the month city treas- 
of May, meet together in convention and elect a J^^^' ^^^' ^ 
suitable person to be the treasurer of said city, 
who shall also be county treasurer ; and who shall ks. 14, §47. 
hold his office until his successor is chosen and 
qualified in his stead. 

Sect. 43. No person shall be eligible to any ^g^^^^^j^f 
office, the salary of which is payable out of the o^thifofficel^ 
city treasury, who, at the time of his appointment, 21-.^ ^^^ 
shall be a member of either the board of alder- fgk^ 70. 
men or the common council ; and neither the ''" '' ^ 
mayor, nor any alderman, or member of the com- 
mon council, shall at the same time hold any 
office of emolument under the city government. 

[Sect. 44. In the month of October, in eachSto?en- 

,T ., I -\ -\-i 1 • eral court. 

year, the city government shall meet m conven- 1821, 110, § 
tion and determine the number of representatives i^^^'^^- 
which it may be expedient for the corporation to 
send to the general court in the ensuing year, 
within its constitutional limits, and to publish 

iTj 'J' I'liTiT -1. Annulled by 

sucn determination, which shall be conclusive ; ^=« °/i857. 
and the number thus determined shall be specified 
in the warrant calling a meeting for the election 
of representatives.] 

Sect. 45. The mayor of the city, chosen and&th; 
qualified as hereinbefore provided, shall be taken 1^21 °no, § 



12. 



20 CITY CHARTER. 

and deemed to be the chief executive officer of 
said corporation ; and he shall be compensated for 
his services by a salary, to be fixed by the board 
of aldermen and common council, in convention 
assembled, payable at stated periods; which salary 
shall not exceed the sum of five thousand dollars 
annually, and he shall receive no other compen- 
sation or emolument whatever ; and no regula- 
tions enlarging or diminishing such compensation 
shall be made, to take effect until the expiration 
of the year for which the mayor then in office 
shall have been elected, and said salary when 
fixed shall continue until changed by the city 
council as aforesaid. 
^^ powers Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of the mayor to 
1821, 110, § ^^ vigilant and active at all times, in causing the 
laws for the government of said city to be duly 
executed and put in force ; to inspect the conduct 
of all subordinate officers in the government 
thereof, and as far as may be in his power to cause 
all negligence, carelessness, and positive violation 
of duty to be duly prosecuted and punished. He 
shall have power, whenever in his judgment the 
good of said city may require it, to summon 
meetings of the board of aldermen and common 
council, or either of them, although the meeting of 
said boards may stand adjourned to a more dis- 
tant day, and shall cause suitable notice in writing 
of such meetings to be given to the respective 
members of said boards. And he shall, from time 
to time, communicate to both branches of the city 
council all such information, and recommend all 
such measures, as may tend to the improvement 



CITY CHARTER. 21 

of the finances, the police, health, security, clean- 
hness, comfort and ornament of the said city. 

Sect. 47. Every ordinance, order, resolution J/J^^p"^^^' 
or vote, to which the concurrence of the board of °'''^°^* 
aldermen and of the common council may be nec- 
essary, (except on a question of convention of the 
two branches,) and every order of either branch 
involving the expenditure of money, shall be pre- 
sented to the mayor ; if he approve thereof he 
shall signify his approbation by signing the same, 
but if not, he shall return the same with his objec- 
tions to the branch in which it originated, who 
shall enter the objections of the mayor at large 
on their records, and proceed to reconsider said 
ordinance, order, resolution or vote ; and if, after 
such reconsideration, two-thirds of the board of 
aldermen or common council, notwithstanding 
such objections, agree to pass the same, it shall, 
together with the objections, be sent to the other 
branch of the city council, (if it originally re-, 
quired concurrent action,) where it shall also be 
reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of the 
members present it shall be in force ; but in all 
cases the vote shall be determined by yeas and 
nays ; and if such ordinance, order, resolution or 
vote shall not be returned by the mayor within 
ten days after it shall have been presented, the 
same shall be in force. But the veto power of the 
mayor shall not extend to the election of officers 
required by any law or ordinance to be chosen by 
the city council in convention, or by concurrent 
action, unless expressly so provided therein. 

Sect. 48. In all cases where anything is ors^„^^|j,t. 



22 CITY CHARTEE. 

may be required or authorized by any law or or- 
dinance to be done by the mayor and aldermen, 
the board of aldermen shall first act thereon ; and 
any order, resolution or vote of said board shall 
be presented to the mayor for his approval, in the 
manner provided in the preceding section. 
Mayor to Sect. 49. lu all cascs wherein appointments 

appoint 

officers by to office arc directed to be made by the mayor 

consent of j J 

i82i,Tior§ and aldermen, they shall be made by the mayor, 

21 

1851, ch. 94, by and with the advice and consent of the alder- 

162. "^ 

Po^gr of men, and such ofl&cers may be removed by the 

removal. 

mayor. 
Vacancy m Sect. 50. lu thc casc of the decease, inability, 
S2i,Tio,§5> absence or resignation of the mayor, and when- 
ever there is a vacancy in the office from any 
cause, and the same being declared, and a vote 
passed by the aldermen and common council 
respectively, declaring such cause and the expe- 
diency of electing a mayor for the time being, to 
supply the vacancy thus occasioned, the board of 
aldermen shall issue their warrants in due form 
for the election of a mayor, and the same pro- 
ceedings shall be had as are hereinbefore pro- 
vided for the choice of a mayor. 
Accounta- Sect. 51. All boards and officers acting under 

bllity of all . . ^ 

offlce*ilfOT ^^ authority of the said corporation, and en- 
moMy. trusted with the expenditure of public money, 
20? ' ' shall be accountable therefor to the city council, 
in such manner as they may direct, and it shall 
be the duty of the city council to publish and dis- 
tribute annually, for the information of the citi- 
toaTc^ai zens, a particular statement of the receipts and 

statement. 



CITY CHARTER. 23 

expenditures of all public moneys, and a particu- 
lar statement of all city property. 

Sect. 62. The qualified voters of each wardE^^ctionof^ 
shall, at the annual meeting, be called upon to 1821^110, § 
give in their votes for one able and discreet per-stat.mg.c. 
son, being an inhabitant of the ward, to be an 
overseer of the poor, and thereupon the same 
proceedings shall be had as are before directed in 
the election of members of the common council. 
And the persons thus chosen shall together con-xheirpow- 

-*- '-' ers and 

stitute the board of overseers for said city, and 22 pick. 122 
shall continue to have all the powers, and be sub- 
ject to all the duties, now by law appertaining to 
the overseers of the poor of the city of Boston, 
until the same shall be altered or qualified by the 
legislature. 

Sect. 53. The school committee shall consist The school 

ft ,1 r»i» 1 ' ^ n -t committee. 

01 the mayor ot the city, the president of thei|5,i28,^a. 
common council, and of the persons hereinafter 
mentioned. A majority of the persons duly 
elected shall constitute a quorum for the transac- 
tion of business; and at all meetings of the board, 
the mayor, if present, shall preside. 

Sect. 54. At the annual election next after the game 
passage of this act, the qualified voters of each ^"^ ■'"'' ' 
ward shall be called upon to give in their ballots 
for six inhabitants of the ward, to be members of 
the school committee ; and the two persons who 
receive the highest number of votes, or, in case 
more than two receive an equal number of votes, 
the two persons who are senior by age, shall hold 
their office for three years from the second Mon- 
day in January next ensuing, and the next two 



24 CITY CHARTER. 

persons who receive the highest number of votes, 

or who are senior by age in the contingency 

aforesaid, shall hold their of&ce for two years from 

said date, and the two other persons shall hold 

their office for one year from said date ; and at 

every subsequent annual election, two persons 

shall be chosen in each ward, to be members of 

the school committee for the term of three years. 

tiofof''^' Sect. 55. The persons so chosen as members 

mittee. of thc school committcc, shall meet and organize 

on the second Monday of January,' at such hour 

Secretary as thc mayor may appoint. They may choose a 

find subor- _ ^ . ^^ , 

•Jjsate secretary and such subordmate omcers as they 

oflicers. t' "^ 

may deem expedient, and shall define their duties 

and fix their respective salaries. 
dutTeTor^ Sect. 56. The said committee shall have the 
mi'ttee.'^'^™" carc aud management of the public schools, and 

1821, no, § 1 n 1 • 1 T 

19- may elect all such mstructors as they may deem 

proper, and remove the same whenever they con- 
sider it expedient. And generally they shall have 
all the powers, in relation to the care and man- 
agement of the public schools, which the select- 
men of towns or school committees are authorized 
by the laws of this commonwealth to exercise. 

Quaiifica- Seot. 57. Evcrv male citizen of twenty-one 

tions of vot- *' ^ 

nlcipauiec- je^rs of agc and upwards, excepting paupers aud 
i82"^iio,''§8. persons under guardianship, who shall have resided 
within the commonwealth one year and within the 
city six months next preceding any meeting of 
citizens, either in wards, or in general meeting, 
for municipal purposes, and who shall have paid, 
by himself or his parent, master, or guardian, any 
state or county tax, which, within two years next 



CITY CHARTER. " 25 

preceding such meeting, shall have been assessed 
upon him, in any town or district in this common- 
wealth, and also every citizen who shall be by law 
exempted from taxation, and who shall be in 
all other respects qualified as above mentioned, 
shall have a right to vote at such meeting, and no 
other person shall be entitled to vote at such 
meeting. 

Sect. 58. It shall be the duty of the board ofaidtrlento 

T -, . . -I ;• (^ •, na makelistsof 

aldermen, prior to every election oi city omcers, voters prior 

^ J. «/ «/ ^ to every 

or of any officer or officers under the government fgfi^^^^^ 
of the United States or of this commonwealth, to k.' s. s. 
make out lists of all the citizens of each ward 
qualified to vote in such election, in the manner 
in which selectmen and assessors of towns are re- 
quired to make out similar lists of voters, and for 
that purpose they shall have free access to the as- 
sessors' books and lists, and shall be entitled to the 
aid and assistance of all assessors, assistant assess- 
ors, and other officers of said city. And it shall 
be the duty of the board of aldermen to deliver 
such list of the voters in each ward, so prepared 
and corrected, to the clerk of said ward, to be used 
by the warden and inspectors thereof at such elec- 
tion ; and no person shall be entitled to vote at 
such election, wHose name is not borne on such 
list. And to prevent all frauds and mistakes in inspectors 
such elections, it shall be the duty of the inspector, one to vote 

^ i- ^ whose name 

in each ward, to take care that no person shall vote ifg?°*°'' *^® 
at such election, whose name is not so borne on 
the list of voters, and to cause a mark to be placed 
against the name of each voter . on such list, at 
the time of giving in his vote. And the city coun- 
4 



26 CITY CHARTER. 

cil shall have authority to establish such rules and 
regulations, as to making out, publishing, and 
using such lists of qualified voters, as they shall 
deem proper, not inconsistent with the constitu- 
tion and laws of the commonwealth. 
naHonT"^ Sect. 59. All elcctious for govcmor, lieutcnant 

and state , , , • , , • 

officers, governor, senators, representatives, representatives 
K.s'.5 §11.^^ congress, and all other officers, who are to be 
is. " ^' ^ ^' chosen and voted for by the people, shall be held 
;;■''■ 5,' §ii; at meetings of the citizens qualified to vote in 
Stat. 1852, ^^^^ elections, in their respective wards, at the 
time fixed by law for those elections respectively. 
And at such meetings, all the votes given in, be- 
ing collected, sorted, counted, and declared by the 
inspectors of elections, in each ward, it shall be 
the duty of the clerk of such ward to make a 
true record of the same, specifying therein the 
whole number of ballots given in, the name of 
each person voted for, and the number of votes 
for each, expressed in words at length. And a 
transcript of such record, certified by the warden, 
clerk, and a majority of the inspectors of elections 
in such ward, shall forthwith be transmitted or 
delivered by each ward clerk to the clerk of the 
city. And it shall be the duty of the city clerk 
forthwith to enter such returns, or a plain and in- 
telligible abstract of them, as they are successively 
received, in the journals of the proceedings of the 
board of aldermen, or in some other book kept 
Examina- for that purposc. Aud it shall be the duty of 

tion and re- -i- 

turn of the board of aldermen to meet toarether withm 

votes. o 

two days after every such election, and examine 
and compare all the said returns, and thereupon to 



CITY CHARTER. 27 

make out a certificate of the result of such election, ^^'*^^°^^^- 
to be signed by a majority of the aldermen, and 
also by the city clerk, which shall be transmitted, 
delivered or returned in the same manner as sim- 
ilar returns are by law directed to be made by the 
selectmen of towns ; and such certificates and re- 
turns shall have the same force and effect, in all 
respects, as like returns of similar elections made 
by the selectmen of towns. At the election ofillfs^'ofvotes 

. forgov- 

ffovernor, lieutenant o-overnor, and senators, itemor &c., 

7 o ^ to be trans- 

shall be the duty of the board of aldermen to make J^f gf^re" 
and seal up separate lists of persons voted for as sheriAs. ° 
governor, lieutenant governor, and senators of the 
commonwealth, with the number of votes for each 
person, written in words at length against his 
name, and to transmit said lists to the secretary of 
the commonwealth or to the sheriff of the county. 
The board of aldermen shall, within three days ^°^^^ ^"^^ 
next after the day of any election of electors of &cThow' 
president and vice president of the United States, to i-e 

-L -L ' transmitted 

held by virtue of the laws of this commonwealth, ^^J^^ ^^°''^- 
or of the United States, deliver or cause to be ' ''^ ' 
delivered the lists of votes therefor, sealed up, to 
the sheriff of the county ; and the said sheriff shall, 
within four days after receiving said lists, transmit 
the same to the office of the secretary of the com- 
monwealth ; or the said aldermen may, and when 
the office of sheriff" is vacant they shall themselves 
transmit the said lists to the said officer, within 
seven days after the election ; and all votes not so 
transmitted shall be rejected. In all elections for ?[°°||'^J^pS.^ 

, ,- . ,1 ^ , • ,1 resentatives 

representatives to tlie general court, m case the are not 

■^ o / chosen. 



28 CITY CHARTEK. 

whole number proposed to be elected shall not be 
chosen according to law by the votes legally re- 
turned, the board of aldermen shall forthwith issue 
their warrant for a new election, agreeably to the 
constitution and laws of this commonwealth, and 
the same proceedings shall be had in all respects 
£"0386 ofno as are hereinbefore directed ; and in case of no 
representa^ choicc belug madc of representatives to Congress, 
Ech. 6, in either district of which the city of Boston com- 
^ ■ poses a part, or in case of any vacancy happening 

in said districts or either of them, the governor 
shall cause precepts for new elections to be directed 
to the board of aldermen of said city, as often as 
occasion shall require ; and such new elections 
shall be held, and all proceedings thereon had, 
and returns made in conformity with the fore- 
going provisions. 
General Sect. 60. Gcucral meetiuffs of the citizens, 

meetings of o ^ 

islifiiotT' qualified to vote in city affairs, may from time to 
time be held to consult upon the common good, 
to give instructions to their representatives, and 
to take all lawful measures to obtain a redress of 
any grievances, according to the right secured to 
the people by the constitution of this common- 
wealth. And such meetings shall and may be 
duly warned by the board of aldermen, upon the 
requisition of fifty qualified voters of said city. 
The mayor, if present, shall preside, and the city 
clerk shall act as the clerk of such meetings. 

Warrants Sect. 61. All warrauts for the mcctiugs of the 

formeetings . . , i i i • i 

to b^^'^ssued citizens, for municipal purposes, to be had either 
men.^^"^" iu geiicral meetings or in wards, shall be issued 
26. ' ' by the board of aldermen, and in such form, and 



CITY CHARTER, 29 

shall be served^ executedj and returned at such 
time and in such manner as the city council may 
by any by-law or ordinance direct and appoint. 

Sect. 62. Nothing in this act contained shall Suture 

-, . 1 1 • *° alter the 

be so construed as to restram or prevent the legis- ?^„arter 

^ o 1821, 110, § 

lature from amending or altering the same, when-^'^" 
ever they shall deem it expedient. 

Sect. 63. All acts and parts of acts inconsist- fj.®s^^^^arter. 
ent with this act, are hereby repealed. Provided, proviso. 
however, that the repeal of the said acts shall not 
affect any act done, or any right accruing or ac- 
crued, or established, or any suit or proceeding 
had or commenced in any civil case, before the 
time when such repeal shall take effect. And that 
no offence committed, and no penalty or forfeiture 
incurred under the acts hereby repealed, and be- 
fore the time when such repeal shall take effect, 
shall be affected by the repeal. And that no suit 
or prosecution pending at the time of the said 
repeal, for any offence committed, or for the re- 
covery of any penalty or forfeiture incurred under 
the acts hereby repealed, shall be affected by such 
repeal ; and provided, also, that all persons who, 
at the time when the said repeal shall take effect, 
shall hold any office under the said acts, shall con- 
tinue to hold the same according to the tenure 
thereof And provided, also, that all the by-laws 
and ordinances of the city of Boston, which shall 
be in force at the time when the said repeal shall 
take effect, shall continue in force until the same 
are repealed by the city council. And all officers 
elected under such by-laws and ordinances, shall 
continue in office according to the tenure thereof 



30 CITY CHARTER. 

t^^?evive°* Sect. 64. No act which has been heretofore 
repealed shall be revived by the repeal of the 
acts mentioned in the preceding section. 
^bmitted Sect. 65. This act shall be void unless the in- 
citkens. habitants of the city of Boston, at a legal meeting 
called for that purpose, by a written vote, deter- 
mine to adopt the same : and the qualiJ&ed voters 
of the city shall be called upon to give in their 
votes upon the acceptance of this act, at meetings 
in the various wards duly warned by the mayor 
and aldermen, to be held on or before the second 
Monday of November ; and thereupon the same 
proceedings shall be had respecting the sorting, 
counting, declaring, recording and returns of said 
votes as are herein provided at the election of 
mayor; and the board of mayor and aldermen 
shall, within three days, meet together and com- 
pare the returns of the ward officers ; and if it 
appear that the citizens have voted to adopt this 
act, the mayor shall make proclamation of the 
fact, and, thereupon, the act shall take effect for 
the purpose of electing municipal officers at the 
next annual election, and for all other purposes it 
shall take effect on and after the first Monday of 
January next. 



CITY SEAL. 



31 



SEAL OF THE CITY. 

An Ordinance to establish the City Seal, 

Be it ordained hy the May or ^ Aldermen and Com- orAmance 

n '1 J' 1 /-i' T-t to establish 

mon (Jouncil of the City of Boston m City Council'^^i^^^ifi]^ 
assemlled, That the design hereto annexed, as^''^^^^" 
sketched by John E. Penniman, giving a view 
of the city, be the device of the city seal ; that 
the motto be as follows, to wit : " Sicut patribus, 
sit Deus nobis ; " and that the inscription be as 
follows, to wit: "Bostonia condita, A. D. 1630. 
Civitatis regimine donata, A. D. 1822." 




32 RECENT LAWS. 



RECENT LAWS. 



An Act to regulate the sale of Wheat, Corn, and other 
Grain and Meal. 

Be it enacted, (he., as follows : 

Section 1. In all contracts for the sale and delivery 
of wheat, corn, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat, and ground 
corn or corn meal, and ground rye or rye meal, the 
same shall be bargained for and sold by the bushel ; 
and a bushel of wheat shall be sixty pounds -, a bushel 
of corn or rye shall be fifty-six pounds ; a bushel of oats 
shall be thirty-two pounds ; a bushel of barley or buck- 
wheat shall be forty-eight pounds ; and a bushel of 
ground corn or ground rye shall be fifty pounds. 

Sect. 2. For the purpose of securing the due observ- 
ance of the foregoing provision, it shall be the duty of 
the mayor and aldermen of the several cities, and of the 
selectmen of the several towns in this commonwealth, 
within sixty days after the passage of this act, and an- 
nually thereafter, to appoint one or more suitable per- 
sons in such city or town, to be measurers of grain ; and 
it shall be the duty of each of the said measurers, when 
called upon by either of the parties to a contract for the 
sale of any quantity exceeding one bushel of either of 
the articles mentioned in the first section of this act, to 



RECENT LAWS. 33 

c 

ascertain the weight thereof, and to give a certificate of 
the number of bushels as ascertained by the weight ac- 
cording to the rule above prescribed. 

Sect. 3. If any person shall sell and deliver any 
quantity, exceeding one bushel of either of the articles 
aforesaid, without the same having been weighed by 
one of the public measurers appointed under this act, 
such person shall forfeit the sum of two dollars for every 
measured bushel so delivered not containing the num- 
ber of pounds hereinbefore required, to be recovered 
by the purchaser in an action of tort. 

Sect. 4. The fees* of the measurers shall be pre- 
scribed by the mayor and aldermen or the selectmen 
of the several cities and towns in which they shall be 
appointed, and they shall be paid one half by the seller 
and one half by the purchaser. 

Sect. 5. If any measurer appointed under this act 
shall use, or have in his possession with intent to use? 
for the purposes herein provided, any false weights, 
scales, balance or other instrument for weighing, or shall 
collude with the purchaser or the seller with the intent 
to defraud the other party, or shall make and utter any 
false and fraudulent certificate under this act, he may 
be removed from his office by the mayor and aldermen 
or selectmen, and shall also, on conviction thereof, be 
punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, 
and by imprisonment not exceeding six months in the 



*City of Boston, In Board of Aldermen, May 28, 1855. 

Ordered : That tlie fees to be paid to the measurer of grain, &c., under 
the provisions of the act to regulate the sale of wheat, corn and other grain 
and meal, shall be at the rate of fifty cents for one hundred bushels. [Ap- 
proved by the Mayor, May 28, 1855.] 

5 



34 EECENT LAWS. 

house of correction, according to the nature and aggra- 
vation of the offence. 

Sect. 6. This act shall take effect on the first day of 
June next ; and all other acts and parts of acts incon- 
sistent herewith are hereby repealed. \_Approved April 
26, 1856.] 



An Act supplementary to an act entitled An Act to 
regulate the sale of Wheat, Corn and other Grain 
and Meal. 

Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

The second section of the act passed April twenty- 
eighth, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, en- 
titled " An Act to regulate the sale of Wheat, Corn and 
other Grain and Meal," shall be so construed as to au- 
thorize and require the mayor and aldermen of the 
city of Boston to appoint one principal measurer for the 
said city, who shall have authority to appoint deputies ; 
and the said measurer and his deputies may and shall 
exercise all the powers and perform the duties pre- 
scribed in the said act to be exercised and performed 
by measurers of grain. \_Approved May 21, 1855.] 



An Act in relation to Offensive Trades. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfolloivs : 

Section 1. The board of health of any city or town 
in this commonwealth may, from time to time, assign 
certain places for the exercising of any trade or employ- 
ment which is a nuisance, or hurtful to the inhabitants 
or their estates, dangerous to the public health, or the 



EECENT LAWS. 35 

exercise of whicli is attended by noisome and injurious 
odors, or otherwise injurious to their estates ; and they 
may forbid the exercise of either of them in places not 
so assigned; and the said board may also forbid the 
exercise of such trade or employment within the lim- 
its of the city or town, or in any particular locality 
thereof 

Sect. 2. All orders of the board of health, as pro- 
vided in the first section, shall be served upon the occu- 
pants of the place where such trade or employment is 
exercised, or upon any person having charge thereof; 
and in case of neglect or refusal to obey such order 
within twenty-four hours after the said service, by such 
occupant or other person, they and each of them shall 
be liable to a fine of not less than fifty dollars nor 
more than five hundred dollars, to be recovered by 
indictment ; and in case of such neglect or refusal, it 
shall be the duty of said board of health to prevent 
the exercise of such trade or employment, and to take 
all necessary measures to that end. 

Sect. 3. Any person aggrieved at any such order of 
the board of health, may apply to the court of com- 
mon pleas, if sitting in the county in which such order 
is made, or to any justice thereof in vacation, for a jury ; 
and such court or justice shall issue a warrant for a jury 
to be impanelled by the sheriff^ in the same manner 
as is provided in the twenty-fourth chapter of the 
Kevised Statutes, in regard to the laying out of high- 
ways ; such application shall be made within three days 
after the service of such order, and the jury shall be 
impanelled at such time and place as the court or jus- 
tice may direct. 



36 RECENT LAWS. 

Sect. 4. In case of appeal, as provided in the pre- 
ceding section, such trade or employment shall not be 
exercised while the same is pending ; and in case of any 
violation of this section, said appeal shall be dismissed 
forthwith. 

Sect. 5. The jury shall find a verdict, either affirm- 
ing or annulling the said order in full, or making alter- 
ations therein, as they may see fit, which verdict shall 
be returned to the next term of the said court, by the 
sheriff, for acceptance, in like manner as in the case of 
highways, and which verdict being accepted, shall be 
binding to the feame effect as the original order would 
have been without such appeal. 

Sect. 6. If the verdict shall affirm such order, costs 
shall be recovered by the city or town, against such 
applicant; if the verdict shall annul such order in 
whole, damages and costs shall be recovered by the 
complainant against such city or town ; and in case the 
verdict shall alter such order in part, the court may 
render such judgment as to costs, as to justice shall 
appertain. 

Sect. 7. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage ; but it shall not be in force in any city or town, 
unless the inhabitants of such town or the city council 
of such city shall adopt the same at legal meetings. 

\_App7'oved May 18, 1855. Accepted by City Council, 
Nov. 7, 1857.] 



An Act relating to Lists of Jurors. 

Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The lists of jurors required by law, shall be 
carefully prepared and revised once in each year, and 



RECENT LAWS. 37 

posted up in public places, in the town and city, by tbe 
selectmen, or the mayor and aldermen of the several 
towns or cities for which they are prepared, ten days, 
at least, before they are to be submitted for revision 
and acceptance. 

Sect. 2. The lists of jurors now required to be pre- 
pared by the mayor and aldermen of cities, shall be 
submitted to their respective common councils, which 
councils shall exercise the same power to revise and 
accept them, that is exercised by towns. 

Sect. 3. The one hundred and sixty-seventh chapter 
of the statutes of the year one thousand eight hundred 
and fifty-five, is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_Aj}^roved April 21, 1856.] 



An Act concerning the Indexing of Deeds. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. Whenever any deeds or other conveyances 
by executors, administrators, guardians, or persons act- 
ing under or by authority of an order of any court of 
competent jurisdiction, or of a resolve of the general 
court, shall be left for record at any of the registries of 
deeds in this commonwealth, it shall be the duty of the 
register to enter in the entry books and indexes of the 
grantors, the names of the testators, intestates, wards 
and persons whose estates are conveyed, when the same 
shall appear by such deeds, and also, the names of such 
executors, administrators, and guardians ; and whenever 
any decree for the partition of land, or commissioner's 
return thereon, shall be so left for record, it shall be the 



38 RECENT LAWS. 

duty of the register to enter the names of all the per- 
sons whose estates shall plainly appear to be affected 
thereby, in the entry books, and in the indexes of the 
grantors and of the grantees. 

Sect. 2. The county commissioners in each county 
shall hereafter procure, at the charge of their respective 
counties, a copy, to be made by some competent person 
or persons, within the first six months of each and every 
year, of the indexes in the registries of deeds in their 
respective counties, for the preceding year, in which the 
grantors and grantees shall respectively be assorted into 
distinct lists by their respective surnames, arranged in 
such lists in the order in which the deeds and other con- 
veyances to which they refer are left for record, and 
such lists placed in alphabetical order. Such copies 
shall, in other respects, be in the form now required by 
law for the indexes to the records. And the county 
commissioners in each county shall so procure such 
copies of the indexes in their respective counties for 
the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, 
to be made and completed by the first day of January 
next. 

Sect. 3. The county commissioners of each county, 
and the mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston, 
shall have power, whenever they shall deem it expedi- 
ent, to cause copies of the indexes, or new indexes, to 
the records now existing in the registries of deeds in 
their respective counties, or of any part thereof, to be 
made by some competent person or persons, at the 
charge of their respective counties, upon the plan here- 
inbefore provided, or upon such plan and in such man- 
ner, as will in their judgment best facilitate references 
to the records. 



RECENT LAWS. 39 

Sect. 4. The county commissioners in each, county, 
and the mayor and aldermen of the city of Boston, 
shall have power, if they shall deem it expedient, to 
cause such copies of the indexes, or new indexes here- 
inbefore provided and authorized to be made, to be 
printed at the charge of their respective counties, for 
sale at a price which shall not be less than the cost of 
printing, and paper, and binding. 

Sect. 5. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \^Approved June 6, 1856.] 



An Act to amend " An Act concerning the Indexing of 

Deeds." 

Be it enacted, &c., asfoUoivs : 

The second section of chapter two hundred and 
ninety-two of the acts passed in the year one thou- 
sand eight hundred and fifty-six, entitled, "An Act 
concerning the Indexing of Deeds," is hereby so 
amended, that the county commissioners in each 
county shall have power, whenever they shall deem 
it expedient, to extend the time within which the 
copies of indexes, required by said section, shall be 
made : Provided, Jioivever, that such copies shall in all 
cases be made for each year, within the next succeed- 
ing year. \_Approved March 31, 1857,] 



An Act in addition to an Act concerning the Index- 
ing of Deeds. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The second section of the two hundred 
and ninety-second chapter of the acts of the year 



40 RECENT LAWS. 

eighteen hundred and fifty-six, is hereby so amended 
as to empower the county commissioners in the sev- 
eral counties to cause the Christian names of the 
grantors and grantees, as well as their surnames, to 
be arranged in alphabetical order, whenever in their 
opinion references to the records will be facilitated 
thereby. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after 
its passage. \_Approved May 30, 1857.] 



4n Act concerning the Planting of Shade Trees. 

Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The mayor and aldermen of any city, 
or the selectmen of any town, or any municipal offi- 
cer, to whom the care of the streets or roads may be 
intrusted by them, may authorize the planting of 
shade trees, wherever it may not interfere with the 
public travel, or with private rights ; and such trees, 
planted pursuant to such license, shall be deemed and 
taken to be the private property of the person or per- 
sons, or corporations, so planting them, or upon whose 
premises they may be planted, and may be protected 
as such in the same manner as any other private prop- 
erty ; and shall not be deemed a nuisance, or abated 
as such, except upon complaint made to the mayor 
and aldermen or selectmen aforesaid, who shall, in case 
of complaint, cause such trees to be removed, if the 
public necessity shall seem to them to require their 
removal. 

Sect. 2. Any person or persons who shall wantonly 
injure, deface, tear or destroy any ornamental or shade 



RECENT LAWS. 41 

tree or shrub, statue, fountain, vase, or other plant 
or fixture of ornament or utility, in any street, road, 
square, court, park, public garden, or other enclosure, 
shall be liable to a penalty of not less than five, nor 
more than one hundred dollars, to be recovered by 
complaint, in any court of competent jurisdiction ; one- 
half of which penalty shall go to the complainant, and 
the other half to the person or persons, corporation 
or corporations, upon whose property, or within whose 
premises, the trespass may have been committed. [^Ap- 
proved June 4, 1856.] 



An Act to protect Boston Harbor. 
Be it- enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. Any person who shall take, carry away, 
or remove, by land or water, any stones, gravel or sand, 
from any of the beaches, head lands or islands, within 
or bordering upon Boston Harbor, without a license 
therefor from the mayor and aldermen of the city of 
Boston, shall, for each offence, forfeit a sum not exceed- 
ing twenty dollars, to be recovered by complaint or in- 
dictment in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

Sect. 2. Boston Harbor, for the purposes of this 
act, shall be deemed to extend to a line drawn from 
the outer end of Commercial Point in the town of 
Dorchester, direct to the outer end of Point Alderton, 
in the town of Hull; thence to the outer end of the 
outer Brewster Island, and thence direct to the Short 
Beach, at the division line between the towns of North 
Chelsea and Winthrop. 
6 



42 EECENT LAWS. 

Sect. 3. All acts and parts of acts^ inconsistent with 
this act, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [Approved June 6, 1856.] 



An Act concerning the Superior Court of the County of 

Suffolk, and the Court of Common Pleas. 
Be it enacted, (&c., as follows : 

Sect. 1. The words "three thousand" are hereby 
substituted for the words " fifteen hundred," wherever 
the latter occur in the third and fourth sections of the 
four hundred and forty-ninth chapter of the acts of the 
year eighteen hundred and fifty-five. 

Sect. 2. The fourteenth section of the last men- 
tioned act is so far amended as that the clerk, instead 
of the salary therein provided, shall retain for his ser- 
vices, from the fees received by him and for which he 
is to account, the sum of three thousand dollars per 
annum, if such fees amount to so much, and the bal- 
ance he shall pay over to the treasury of the city of 
Boston, for the use of said city, annually. 

Sect. 3. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
release said city from its proper contribution to the 
maintenance of the court of common pleas prior to the 
establishment of the said superior court, [Approved 
June 6, 1856.] 



An Act to incorporate the Broadway Railroad Company. 
Be it enacted, &c., asfolloivs : 

Section 1. Charles J. F. Allen, Seth Adams, John P. 
Monks, their associates and successors, are hereby made 



RECENT LAWS. 43 

a corporation, by the name of the Broadway Railroad 
Company, with power to construct, maintain and use a 
railway or railways, with convenient single or double 
tracks, from South Boston Point, so called, at the eastern 
extremity of Fourth street, in the city of Boston, upon 
and over such streets and highways of said city, as may, 
from time to time, be fixed and determined, by vote of 
the mayor and aldermen thereof, and assented to, in 
writing, by the said railroad corporation, to a point near 
the intersection of Broadway and Turnpike street, or 
other street, for the purpose of forming a junction with, 
and entering upon, the Dorchester Avenue Railroad 
[Company,] in said Boston : provided, that all tracks of 
said railroad shall be laid at such distances from the 
sidewalks, in said city, as the mayor and aldermen there- 
of shall, in their orders fixing the routes of said railroad, 
determine to be for the public safety and convenience : 
Si^ndi provided, further, that the written assent of said rail- 
road corporation, to any vote or votes of the mayor 
and aldermen of said city, prescribing, from time to 
time, the routes of said road, shall be filed with the 
clerk of said city, and shall be taken and deemed loca- 
tions thereof: and al^o provided, that, before the location 
or construction of any track in any street, the mayor 
and aldermen of said city shall give notice to the abut- 
ters thereon, by the publication of an order of notice 
from said mayor and aldermen, in' one or more news- 
papers, published in the city of Boston, fourteen days, at 
least, before the hearing upon the location of any such 
tracks, that said abutters may show cause, if any there 
be, why said track should not be so located and con- 
structed ; and the said railroad corporation shall have 



44 EECENT LAWS. 

power to fixj from time to time, such rates of compen- 
sation for transporting persons or property thereon, as 
they may think reasonable and expedient ; and said 
corporation shall be subject to all the duties, restrictions 
and liabihtieSj and entitled to all the rights and privi- 
leges, prescribed by the forty-fourth chapter "of the 
Eevised Statutes. 

Sect. 2. Said tracks or roads shall be operated and 
used by said corporation, with horse power only ; and it 
shall not connect its track with any other railroad, on 
which other power is used. The mayor and aldermen 
of said city shall have power, at all times, to make all 
such regulations as to the rate of speed, and mode of 
use of said tracks, as the public convenience and safety 
may require. 

Sect. 3. Said corporation shall maintain and keep in 
repair, such portions of the streets, respectively, as shall 
be occupied by their tracks, and shall be liable for any 
loss or injury that any person may sustain, by reason of 
any carelessness, neglect or misconduct of its agents or 
servants, in the management, construction or use of 
said tracks or roads ; and in case any recovery shall be 
had against said city, by reason of such defect, want of 
repair in, or use of, said tracks or roads, said corporation 
shall be liable to pay to said city, any sum thus recovered 
against it, together with all costs and reasonable ex- 
penditures incurred by said city, in the defence of any 
such suit or suits, in which such recovery shall be had ; 
and said corporation shall not encumber any portion of 
the streets, not occupied by the said road or tracks. 

Sect. 4. If any person shall wilfully and malicious- 
ly obstruct said corporation, in the use of said road or 



• RECENT LAWS. 45 

tracks, or the passing of the cars or carriages of said 
corporation thereon, such persons, and all who shall be 
aiding or abetting therein, shall be punished by a fine 
not exceeding five hundred dollars, or may be impris- 
oned in the common jail for a period not exceeding 
three months. If said corporation, or its agents or 
servants, shall wilfully and maliciously obstruct any 
highway, or the passing of any carriages over the same, 
said corporation shall be punished by a fine not exceed- 
ing five hundred dollars. 

Sect. 5. The capital stock of said corporation shall 
not exceed the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand 
dollars, to be divided into shares of fifty dollars each ; 
and no shares shall be issued for a less sum, to be actu- 
ally paid in on each, than the par value of the shares 
which shall first be issued. 

Sect. 6. Said corporation shall have power to pur- 
chase and hold such real estate, within said city, as may 
be necessary or convenient for the purposes and man- 
agement of said road. 

Sect. 7. The said city of Boston may, at any time 
during the continuance of the charter of the said cor- 
poration, and after the expiration of ten years from the 
opening of any part of said road for use, purchase of 
said corporation, all the franchise, property, rights and 
furniture of said cor|)oration, by paying said railroad 
company therefor such a sum as will reimburse to each 
person who may then be a stockholder therein, the par 
value of his stock, together with a net profit of ten per 
cent, per annum, from the time of the transfer of said 
stock to him, on the books of the corporation, deducting 
the dividends received by said stockholders thereon. 



46 RECENT LAWS. 

Sect. 8. The said road shall be constructed and 
maintained in such form and manner, and upon such 
grade, and with such gauge, as the mayor and aldermen 
of said city may, in their votes, fixing and determining 
the routes thereof, as aforesaid, prescribe and direct ; 
and whenever, in the judgment of said railroad corpo- 
ration, it shall be necessary to alter the grade of any 
street so occupied by it, such alteration may be made at 
the sole expense of said corporation, provided the same 
shall be assented to by the mayor and aldermen of said 
city. 

Sect. 9. At any time after the expiration of one year 
from the opening for use of the tracks of said railroad, 
in any street in which the same may be located, as pro- 
vided by its charter, the mayor and aldermen of the 
city of Boston may, by vote of the major part thereof, 
determine that the same or any part thereof may be 
discontinued, and thereupon the location shall be 
deemed to be revoked, and the tracks of the said rail- 
road shall forthwith be taken up and removed, in con- 
formity with such vote or order of said mayor and ' 
aldermen, provided that such taking up and removal 
shall be at the expense of said railroad corporation. 

Sect. 10. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
prevent the authorities of said city from taking up any 
of the public streets traversed by said railroads, for the 
purposes for which they may now lawfully take up the 
same. 

Sect. 11. This act shall be void, so far as relates to 
the right to construct said road in said city, unl^ess the 
same shall be accepted by the city council of said city, 
and unless the same shall be accepted by the said cor- 



RECENT LAWS. 47 

poration, and ten per cent, of the capital stock thereof 
be actually paid in within two years from the passage 
of this act. 

Sect. 12. The said corporation shall be deemed a 
railroad corporation, so far as to be subject to make such 
annual returns to the legislature as are or may be pre- 
scribed by law, but not to other general provisions of 
law in relation to railroad corporations. 

Sect. 13. The existence of said corporation is here- 
by limited to the period of fifty years from the passage 
of this act. 

Sect. 14. The rates of fare upon the said railroad, 
between any two points in the city of Boston, shall never 
exceed five cents for each passage, unless with the assent 
of the mayor and aldermen of the said city ; provided, 
nevertheless, that the legislature may at any time repeal 
this act, or limit, restrict, or annul any powers herein 
granted. [Appr^'^^^y April 29, 1854.] 



An Act in addition to "An Act to incorporate the 

Broadway Railroad Company." 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows: 

Chapter four hundred and forty-four of the acts of 
eighteen hundred and fifty-four, being "An Act to incor- 
porate the Broadway Railroad Company," is hereby 
revived, and continued in force for a period of three 
years from the passage hereof ^Approved, June 4, 
1856.] 

The foregoing charter was accepted by the City 
Council of Boston, Dec. 27, 1856. 



48 RECENT LAWS. 

An Act concerning the Broadway Eailroad Company. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfoUoios : 

Sect. 1. The mayor and aldermen of the city of Bos- 
ton are hereby authorized to extend the location of the 
tracks of the Broadway Eailroad Company, upon and 
over such streets within said city as may be determined 
by them, with the assent, in, writing, of said company ; 
and the Broadway Railroad Company are hereby au- 
thorized to construct, maintain and use such tracks as 
may be located as above, with the same powers and 
privileges, and subject to the same duties, liabilities and 
restrictions, in relation thereto, as if they had been 
authorized to be located by the act by which said com- 
pany was incorporated; and the said company shall 
have the right to use and run over, with their cars and 
horses, the tracks now laid, or which may hereafter be 
laid by the Dorchester Avenue Railroad Company, 
within the city of Boston, excepting that part of the 
track of the Dorchester Avenue Railroad Company now 
laid south of Fourth street ; paying to the Dorchester 
Avenue Railroad Company a reasonable amount for the 
use thereof; such amount, in case of dispute, to be ascer- 
tained and determined, from time to time, by commis- 
sioners appointed by the Supreme Judicial Court. 

Sect. 2. And for the purposes of conveying passen- 
gers to and from South Boston, the Broadway Railroad 
Company may connect with the road of any other com- 
pany besides the Dorchester Avenue Railroad Com- 
pany, with which the board of aldermen of the city of 
Boston may authorize it to connect. And in case any 
such connection shall be made, and the Broadway Rail- 



RECENT LAWS. 49 

road Company shall be unable to agree with the com- 
pany owning the road connected with, as to the mode 
of connection, and the manner, time and extent of use 
of the last named road by the Broadway Railroad Com- 
pany, and the compensation to be paid by the Broad- 
way Railroad Company for such use, then the Supreme 
Judicial Court, upon the petition of either party, and 
upon notice to the other party, shall appoint three 
commissioners, who shall, upon due notice to the par- 
ties interested, proceed and determine all matters 
relating to such connection and use, and the compensa- 
tion to be paid therefor, not agreed upon by said cor- 
porations ; and in regulating such connection and use, 
the commissioners shall have reference to the interests 
of said corporations and of the public accommodated 
by said roads, and the award of said commissioners, or 
a major part of them, shall be binding upon the respec- 
tive corporations interested therein, until the same shall 
have been revised or altered by commissioners, to be 
appointed by the said court, upon application and in 
manner aforesaid; but no such revision or alteration 
shall be made by any commissioners to be appointed 
as aforesaid, within one year after such decision and 
award shall have been made, unless said court shall be 
of opinion that such a revision may be sooner required 
or advisable. 

Sect. 3. The compensation of said commissioners 
for their services and expenses, shall be paid by the 
respective corporations interested therein, in equal pro- 
portions. 

Sect. 4. The said Broadway Railroad Company shall 
have the right, with the consent of three-quarters of 
7 



50 RECENT LAWS. 

the stockholders in number and value, at all times to 
purchase of or to sell to any other company, chartered 
for a similar purpose, all or any part of the tracks which 
may be hereafter laid by it or any other such company^ 
under the provisions of their charters ; and such pur- 
chase or sale shall transfer all the -corporate rights and 
rights of location, which may pertain to the tracks so 
purchased or sold. 

Sect. 5. This act shall be void, unless the same shall 
be accepted by the city council of Boston, within one 
year from the passage thereof 

Sect. 6. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \Approved May 23, 1857. Accepted ly City 
Council, Nov. 30, 1857.] 



An Act concerning the Broadway Eailroad Company. 

Be it enacted, (&c., asfollotus : 

Section 1. The time %ithin which the Broadway 
Railroad Company is required by the eleventh section 
of the four hundred and forty-fourth chapter of the acts 
of eighteen hundred and fifty-four to pay in ten per 
cent, of its capital stock, is hereby extended for the 
period of six months from the passage of this act. The 
existence of said corporation shall continue for the 
period limited in the thirteenth section of said four hun- 
dred and forty-fourth chapter, subject to the provisions 
of said chapter ; of the two hundred and sixteenth chap- 
ter of the acts of eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and 
of this act. 

Sect. 2. Said corporation is hereby authorized to in- 
crease its capital stock by an amount not exceeding 



EECENT LAWS. 51 

one hundred thousand dollars, to be divided into shares 
of fifty dollars each : provided, that no shares shall be 
issued for a less sum, to be actually paid in, than the 
par value thereof: provided, also, that this act shall not 
go into operation until it shall be assented to by the 
city of Boston. {Approved Feh. 13, 1858. Accepted hy 
City Council, May 21, 1858.] 



An Act to incorporate the Suffolk Kailroad Company. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfoUoius : 

Section 1. That George H. Plummer, Ebenezer 
Atkins, Edward F. Porter, David L. Webster, Asa Fisk, 
John G. Webster, and their associates and successors, 
are hereby made a corporation by the name of the Suf- 
folk Eailroad Company, with power to construct, main- 
tain and use a railway or railways, with convenient 
single or double tracks, commencing at such central 
point or points in the city of Boston as shall be fixed 
by the board of aldermen of said city, with the assent 
of said corporation, expressed in writing and filed with 
said board of aldermen ; thence upon and over such 
streets and highways of said city as shall from time to 
time be fixed and determined by said board of alder- 
men, with the written assent of said corporation filed as 
aforesaid, to some points at or near the western ter- 
minus of the Chelsea and each of the East Boston 
ferries : and again commencing at or near the eastern 
terminus of each of the East Boston ferries, thence upon 
and over Lewis, Border, Sumner, Meridian and Chelsea 
streets, or either of said streets, or such other streets 
and highways in East Boston as shall from time to time 



52 RECENT LAWS. 

be fixed and determined by the board of aldermen of 
said city, with the written assent of said corporation 
filed with said board of aldermen. 

Sect. 2. All tracks of said railroad shall be laid at 
such distances from the sidewalks in said city as the 
board of aldermen, in their orders fixing the route of 
said railroad, may determine ; and said corporation shall 
have power to fix, from time to time, such rates of com- 
pensation for transporting persons and property, as they 
may think expedient ; and shall have all the powers 
and privileges, and be subject to all the duties, liabilities 
and restrictions, set forth in the forty-fourth chapter of 
the Eevised Statutes ; and provided, that any time after 
the expiration of one year from the opening for use of 
said railroad, in any street in which the same may be 
located, as provided by its charter, the city council of 
the city of Boston may, by vote of the majority, de- 
termine as to the said track, that the same or any part 
thereof be discontinued; and thereupon the location shall 
be deemed revoked, in conformity with such vote of the 
city council ; provided, that such taking and removal 
shall be at the expense of the said railroad company. 
Notice to abutters on streets in which it may be pro- 
posed to lay the tracks of said corporation, shall be given 
by publication in one or more newspapers published in 
said city of Boston, of an order of notice from the board 
of aldermen of said city, fourteen days at least before 
the location of any such tracks. 

Sect. 3. Said tracks or roads shall be operated and 
used by said corporation, with horse power only. The 
board of aldermen of said city shall have power, at all 
times, to make all such regulations, as to rate of speed and 



RECENT LAWS. 53 

mode of use of said tracks, as the public convenience 
and safety may require. 

Sect. 4. Said corporation shall maintain and keep in 
repair such portion of the streets as shall be occupied 
by their tracks, and shall be liable for any loss or injury 
that any person may sustain by reason of any careless- 
ness, neglect or misconduct of any of its agents or ser- 
vants, in the management, construction or use of said 
track ; and in case recovery shall be had against said 
city by reason of any such defect or want of repair, said 
corporation shall be liable to pay to said city any sums 
thus recovered against them, together with all costs 
and reasonable expenses incurred by said city, in the 
defence of any such suit or suits in which recovery 
may be had ; and said corporation shall not encumber 
any portion of the streets not occupied by said road or 
tracks. 

Sect. 5. If any person shall wilfully or maliciously 
injure said track or tracks, or obstruct said corporation 
in the use of said road or tracks, or the passing of the 
cars or carriages of said corporation thereon, such per- 
son, and all who shall be aiding or abetting therein, 
shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred 
dollars, or may be imprisoned in the common jail for a 
period not exceeding three months. 

Sect. 6. If said corporation, or its agents or servants, 
shall wilfully or maliciously obstruct any highway, or 
the passing of any carriages over the same, such cor- 
.poration shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five 
hundred dollars. 

Sect. 7. The capital stock of said corporation shall 
not exceed three hundred thousand dollars, to be di- 



54 RECENT LAWS. 

vided into shares of fifty dollars each ; and no shares 
shall be issued for a less sum, to be actually paid in on 
each, than the par value of the shares which shall first 
be issued, without the written consent of each of the 
stockholders of said corporation. 

Sect. 8. Such corporation shall have power to pur- 
chase and hold such franchises, personal estate and real 
estate, as may be convenient or necessary for the pur- 
poses of the transportation of passengers and freight 
between said termini, and for the management of said 
road. 

Sect. 9. The said road shall be constructed and 
maintained in such form and manner, and upon such 
grade, as the board of aldermen of said city may, in 
their votes fixing and determining the routes thereof 
as aforesaid, prescribe and direct ; and whenever in the 
judgment of said railroad corporation it shall be neces- 
sary to alter the grade of any street so occupied by it, 
such alteration may be made at the sole expense of 
said corporation, provided the same shall be assented to 
by the board of aldermen of said city. 

Sect. 10. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
prevent the city authorities from entering upon and 
taking up any of the public streets or bridges traversed 
by said railroad, for the purposes for which they may 
now lawfully take up the same. 

Sect. 11. This act shall be void so far as it relates 
to the right to construct said roads, unless the same 
shall be accepted by the city council of said city, and 
also by the said corporation, and unless ten per centum 
of the capital stock thereof be paid in within two years 
after the passage thereof 



RECENT LAWS. 55 

Sect. 12. Said corporation shall be deemed a rail- 
road corporation so fg.r as to be subject to make such 
annual returns to the legislature as are or may be pre- 
scribed by law, but not to the other provisions of law 
in relation to railroad corporations. 

Sect. 13. The city of Boston may, at any time dur- 
ing the continuance of the charter of the said corpora- 
tion, and after ten years from the opening of any part 
of the road for use, purchase of the said corporation all 
franchise, property, rights and furniture of said corpora- 
tion, by paying them therefor such a sum as will reim- 
burse to each person who may be then a stockholder 
therein, the par value of his stock, together with a net 
profit of ten per cent, per annum from the time of the 
transfer of said stock to him on the books of the cor- 
poration, deducting the dividends received by said stock- 
holder thereon. 

Sect. 14. The corporation hereby created is author- 
ized and empowered to lease or transfer all its property, 
rights and privileges, or any part thereof, or of its 
tracks, to any other like corporation now existing, or 
which may hereafter be created, for the purpose of con- 
structing a railroad track over and upon any part of 
the route contemplated by this act, on such terms and 
to such extent as may be mutually agreed upon be- 
tween the parties ; and make and execute any transfers, 
contracts or agreements that may be deemed necessary 
or proper for the purpose ; and the corporation receiv- 
ing such transfer shall thereupon have and hold the 
portion or property so transferred, with all the rights 
and privileges, and subject to the same restrictions and 
provisions as were applicable to this corporation. 



56 RECENT LAWS. 

Sect. 15. The existence of said corporation is hereby 
limited to the period of fifty years from the passage of 
this act : provided, nevertheless, that the legislature may, 
at any time, repeal this act, or limit and restrict the 
powers herein granted. \_A23proved May 30, 1857. Ac- 
cepted ly City Council, Dec. 17, 1858.] 



An Act to establish a Board of Directors of the Public 

Institutions for the City of Boston, and for 

the County of Suffolk. 

Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Sect. 1. There shall be elected by the city council 
of the city of Boston, by concurrent vote, twelve suita- 
ble persons, resident citizens of the said city, who shall 
constitute a board of directors for the houses of industry 
and reformation, and the lunatic hospital within said 
city, and the house of correction for the county of Suf- 
folk. The said board shall be styled, " The Board of 
Directors for Public Institutions," and shall have all the 
authority and powers, and be subject to all the duties 
now conferred and imposed by virtue of existing stat- 
utes, respectively, upon the directors of said houses of 
industry and reformation, and the overseers of said 
house of correction, together with such other powers 
and duties in connection with said lunatic hospital, and 
the management of the business thereof, as the said 
city council may, by ordinance, and in conformity to 
the statutes of the commonwealth, provide. A major- 
ity of said board of directors shall constitute a quorum 
for the transaction of business ; and upon the election 
of the first board, as provided in the fourth section of 



RECENT LAWS. 57 

this act, said city council shall be discharged from all 
obligations of statutes now existing, requiring the elec- 
tion or appointment of directors or overseers for either 
of said institutions. 

Sect. 2. The said board of directors shall also have 
the same powers as to the discharge of insane persons 
from confinement, as are now vested in the mayor and 
board of aldermen of said city. 

Sect. 3. The said city council shall have power to 
pass such ordinances, not inconsistent herewith, or re- 
pugnant to other laws of this commonwealth, as to the 
duties and authority of said board of directors, and 
providing for their reasonable compensation, as it may, 
from time to time, deem expedient and necessary. 

Sect. 4. Said city council shall proceed, after the 
acceptance of this act, to elect by ballot nine citizens 
at large, three of whom shall be elected and hold their 
office for three years, three for two years, and three for 
one year ; and these persons, together with one mem- 
ber from the board of aldermen, and two members from 
the common council of said city, to be elected for one 
year by the said city council, shall constitute the first 
board of directors under this act ; and thereafter, annu- 
ally, the said city council shall elect, in the manner 
aforesaid, three citizens of said city at large, who shall 
hold their office in said board of directors for three 
years, and one member of the board of aldermen, and 
two members of the common council of said city, who 
shall hold their office in said board of directors for one 
year. Each of the said directors so elected under this 
act shall, in addition to his said term, hold his office 
until another is elected in his stead ; and the said city 



58 EECENT LAWS. 

council shall have power to remove members from said 
board of directors for cause shown, and to fill all vacan- 
cies which may occur in the same. 

Sect. 5. This act shall not go into effect unless ac- 
cepted by said city council within six months from its 
passage, and shall take effect directly upon and after 
such acceptance. 

Sect. 6. All acts and parts of acts, inconsistent here- 
with, are hereby repealed. [^Approved March 28, 1857. 
Accepted hi/ City CounQil, May 23, 1857.] 



An Act in relation to the Kemoval of Snow and Ice 
from the Sidewalks of Cities. 

Be it enacted^ &c., as follotvs : — 

Section 1. The city council of any incorporated city in 
the commonwealth, are hereby authorized to provide, 
by ordinance, for the removal of snow and ice from the 
sidewalks, in such portions of such city as shall be by 
them deemed expedient. 

Sect. 2. Such ordinance shall determine in what 
time and manner snow and ice shall be removed, as 
aforesaid, and shall af&x suitable penalties, not exceed- 
ing fifty dollars, to any violation of the provisions of 
said ordinance ; provided, that no person shall be liable 
to any penalty, as above provided, excepting the owner 
or tenant of the estate abutting upon the sidewalk from 
which the snow and ice are required to be removed, 
[^Approved April 14, 1857.] 



EECENT LAWS. 59 

An Act to establish the Salary of the Assistant Clerk of 
the Superior Court of the County of Suffolk. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfoUoivs : — 

Section 1. The assistant clerk of the superior court of 
the county of Suffolk, shall receive for his services the 
sum of eighteen hundred dollars, payable quarterly, out 
of the treasury of the city of Boston. 

Sect. 2. So much of the fourteenth section of the 
four hundred and forty-ninth chapter of the laws of the 
year eighteen hundred and fifty-five, as is inconsistent 
herewith, is hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_Apj)roved Ilay 4:,\^bl^ 



An Act to define the Eights of the Children of Non- 
resident Parents to attend Public Schools. 

Be it enacted, &c., as foUoius : 

All children between the ages of five and fifteen 
years, shall be entitled to attend the public schools of 
the city or town in which they shall reside for the time 
being ; provided, hoiuever, that if any child shall attend 
a public school in any city or town of this common- 
wealth, other than that in which the parent or guar- 
dian of such child may reside, and shall have resided 
in such city or town for the sole purpose of attending 
such school, the consent of the school committee of 
such city or town shall first be obtained, and the parent 
or guardian of such child shall be liable to pay to such 
city or town, for the tuition of such child, a sum equal 
to the average expense, per scholar, for such school, for 
the period such child shall have so attended. [Apjjroved 
May 8, 1857.] 



60 EECENT LAWS. 

An Act concerning Returns of Elections. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. In all elections hereafter to be held in this 
commonwealth, for national, state, or county officers, 
the votes shall be sorted and counted by the selectmen 
of the towns, and by the wardens and ward clerks of 
the cities, in open town and ward meetings, and public 
declaration made thereof at such meetings. The names 
of all persons voted for, the number of votes received 
by each person, and the title of the office for which he 
is proposed, shall be entered by the town clerks in the 
town records, and by the ward clerks in the ward 
records, in words at length ; and the said ward clerks 
shall forthwith deliver to the city clerks certified copies 
of such records, who shall forthwith enter the same in 
the city records. The said town and city clerks shall, 
within ten days from the day of said elections, transmit 
copies of the records so made, by them attested, and 
certified by the selectmen of the several towns, and 
by the mayor and aldermen of the several cities, sealed 
up, to the secretary of the commonwealth, or to such 
other officer as is now required by law to receive the 
same. 

Sect. 2. The said town and city clerks may, within 
three days next after the day of such elections, deliver 
the said copies, sealed up, to the sheriff of the county 
in which such elections shall be held ; and in that case 
the sheriff shall, within seven days next after receiving 
the same, transmit the same to the office of the sec- 
retary of the commonwealth, or to such other officer 
as is now required by law to receive the same. 



RECENT LAWS. 61 

Sect. 3. All acts or parts of acts inconsistent here- 
with are hereby repealed. \^Apj)roved May 18, 1857.] 



An Act relating to Common Schools. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfolloius : 

Section 1. Any city or town in this commonwealth 
may establish and maintain, in addition to the schools 
now required by law to be maintained therein, schools 
for the education of persons over fifteen years of age ; 
and may determine the term or terms of time in each 
or any year, and the hours of the day or of the even- 
ing, during which said schpol shall be kept ; and may 
also appropriate such sums of money as may be neces- 
sary for the support thereof 

Sect. 2. Whenever any such school or schools shall 
be established, the school committee of such city or 
town shall have the same superintendence over said 
school or schools, in all respects, that they now have 
over the schools of said city or town ; and shall also 
determine what branches of learning may be taught 
therein. 

Sect. 3. The one hundred and thirty-seventh chap- 
ter of the laws of eighteen hundred and forty-seven, 
entitled "An Act relating to Common Schools," is 
hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [Approved May 18, 1857.] 



62 RECENT LAWS. 

An Act in relation to Gaming, Billiard Tables and 
iSowling Alleys. 

Be it enacted, &c., asfoUoius : 

Section 1. If any person, not licensed as hereinafter 
provided, shall keep or suffer to be kept, in any house, 
building, yard or dependency thereof, by him actually 
occupied or owned, any table for the purpose of play- 
ing at billiards, or any bowling alley for the purpose of 
playing at bowls, for hire, gain or reward, or shall for 
hire, gain or reward suffer any person to resort to the 
same for the purpose of playing at billiards or bowls, 
he shall forfeit, for every such offence, a sum not ex- 
ceeding one hundred dollars, to the use of the city or 
town where the offence shall have been committed. 

Sect. 2. The board of aldermen of the city of Bos- 
ton, the board of mayor and aldermen of any other 
city, and the selectmen of any town, may, within their 
respective cities and towns, grant a license to any per- 
son to keep a billiard table or bowling alley, for hire, 
gain or reward, upon such terms and conditions as they 
may deem proper, to be used for amusement merely, 
but not for the purpose of gaming for money or other- 
wise. And such license may be revoked at the pleas- 
ure of the authority granting the same. 

Sect. 3. If any person shall use or take part in 
using any table or alley aforesaid, for the purpose of 
gaming for money or otherwise, he shall forfeit for 
every such offence, a sum not exceeding fifty dollars to 
the use of the city or town where the offence shall 
have been committed. 

Sect. 4. If any person shall make oath before any 



RECENT LAWS. 63 

justice of the peace or any police court, that lie sus- 
pects, or has probable cause to suspect, that any house 
or other building is unlawfully used as and for a com- 
mon gaming house, for the purpose of gaming for 
money or otherwise, and that idle and dissolute persons 
resort to the same for that purpose, such justice or 
police court, whether the names of such persons last 
mentioned are known to the complainant or not, shall 
issue a warrant commanding the sheriff or his deputy, 
or any constable or police officer, to enter into such 
house or building, and there to arrest all persons who 
shall be there found playing for money or otherwise, or 
aiding or abetting those playing for money or other- 
wise, and also the keepers or owners of the same, and 
to take into their custody all the implements of gaming 
as aforesaid, and to keep the said persons and imple- 
ments so that they may be forthcoming before such 
justice or police court, to be dealt with according to 
law ; and any person who shall be there found playing 
for money or otherwise, or aiding or abetting those 
playing for money or otherwise, shall forfeit for every 
such offence, a sum not exceeding fifty dollars to the 
use of the city or town where the offence shall have 
been committed. 

Sect. 5. Justices of the peace and police courts 
shall have jurisdiction of the offences mentioned in this 
act, saving to the accused the right of appeal. \_Ap-' 
proved May 19, 1857.] 



An Act concerning the Locating of Horse Railroads. 
Be it enacted, <&c., as folloim : 

Section 1. All horse railroad corporations, hereafter 



64 RECENT LAWS. 

chartered, shall construct their roads within twelve 
months after their location. 

Sect. 2. If any horse railroad corporation shall fail 
to commence to construct their road within six months 
after they locate, then such location shall be void. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. \_Approved May 20, 1857.] 



An Act concerning School Houses and other Public 

Buildings. 

Be it enacted, dc, as follows : ^ 

Every person who shall wilfully and maliciously, or 
wantonly and without cause, destroy, deface, mar or in- 
jure any school house, church or other building erected 
or used for the purposes of education, or religious 
instruction, or for the general diffusion of knowledge ; 
or who shall, wilfully and maliciously, or wantonly and 
without cause, destroy or injure any of the outbuild- 
ings, fences, wells or appurtenances of said school- 
house, church or other building ; or who shall, wilfully 
or maliciously, or wantonly and without cause, destroy 
or injure any furniture, apparatus or other property 
belonging to or connected with any said school house, 
church or other building, shall be deemed guilty of a 
misdemeanor: and upon conviction thereof, before a 
justice of the peace, or any court of competent juris- 
diction, shall be punished by a fine not 'exceeding five 
hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail 
not more than one year. \_Appvved May 26, 1857.] 



RECENT LAWS. 65 

An Act concerning Drains and Sewers in the City of 

Boston. 

Be it enacted, (&c., as follows : 

Section 1. The board of aldermen of the city of Bos- 
ton may lay, make and maintain, in the said city, all 
such main drains or common sewers, through the lands 
of any persons or corporations, as they shall adjudge 
to be necessary for the public convenience or the pub- 
lic health, and may repair all such main drains or 
common sewers, from time to time, whenever repairs 
thereof shall be necessary. 

Sect. 2. Whenever any lands or real estate shall be 
taken by virtue of this act, the said board of aldermen 
shall proceed in the taking thereof in the same manner, 
in all respects, as they now are, or hereafter may be 
required by law to proceed in taking land for public 
highways or streets ; and all persons and corporations, 
suffering damage in their property, by reason of the 
laying, making or maintaining any main drain or com- 
mon sewer, as aforesaid, shall have all the rights and 
remedies for the ascertainment and the recovery of the 
amount of such damage, which are now or hereafter 
may be provided by law, for the ascertainment and 
recovery of damages for lands taken in said city of 
Boston, for public highways or streets. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [^Approved May 26, 1857.] 



An Act concerning Vacancies in School Committees 
Be it enacted, &c., as folloivs : 

Section 1. Whenever any member or members of the 



66 EECENT LAWS. 

school committee of any city or town shall decline fur- 
ther service, or from change of residence or otherwise 
shall become unable to attend to the duties of said 
board, the remaining members thereof shall, in writing, 
give notice of the fact to the selectmen of the town, or 
to the mayor and aldermen, if it be a city; the two 
boards shall then, after giving public notice of at least 
one week, proceed, by joint ballot, to fill such vacancy 
or vacancies ; and a majority of the ballots of all per- 
sons entitled to vote shall be held to be necessary to a 
choice at such election. 

Sect. 2. The same proceedings as above prescribed 
shall be had in case of a vacancy caused by the refusal 
of any person, elected as member of any school com- 
mittee, to accept said office, after having been notified 
of such election according to the two hundred and 
eighty-third chapter of the acts of eighteen hundred 
and fifty-three ; and in case all the persons elected as 
members of the school committee shall, after such due 
notice, decline accepting said office, or having accepted 
thereof shall afterwards decline further service, the 
selectmen or the mayor and aldermen shall, after 
giving due public notice, proceed, by ballot, to elect a 
new board ; and the votes of a majority of the entire 
board of selectmen or of mayor and aldermen, shall 
be necessarjT- to an election. 

Sect. 3. Any person elected in accordance with the 
provisions of this act, shall have the same powers and 
duties as if he had been chosen a member of the school 
committee in any other legal manner; provided, however, 
that in all cases the term of service of such member 
shall end with the municipal or official year in which 



RECENT LAWS. 67 

he may be chosen ; and if the vacancy was in the j&rst 
instance for a long period, it shall at the first annual 
election after the occurrence of said vacancy, be filled 
in the manner prescribed for original elections to the 
school committee. 

Sect. 4. Chapter one hundred and forty-four of the 
acts of eighteen hundred and forty-nine ; chapter three 
hundred and nine of the acts of eighteen hundred and 
fifty-one • chapter one hundred and one of the acts of 
eighteen hundred and fifty-six, and all acts and parts of 
acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are 
hereby repealed. 

Sect. 5. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [Approved May 30, 1857.] 



An Act concerning the Boston Lunatic Hospital. 
Be it enacted, &c., as folloim : 

Section 1. The city of Boston, by and through the 
agency of the board of visitors of the Boston lunatic 
hospital, or by and through any other agency which 
shall be established therefor by the city council of the 
city of Boston, may admit into said hospital, as patients, 
insane persons, who are not paupers, upon such terms 
and conditions, and for such compensation, as may from 
time to time be fixed by said city council, or by the 
authority thereof 

Sect. 2. This act shall take efiect from and after its 
passage. [Approved 3Iat/ 30, 1857.] 



68 RECENT LAWS. 



An Act concerning Insane Persons in the City of Boston. 
Be it enacted, &c., as folloivs : 

Section 1. The municipal court of the city of Boston, 
and all other courts and magistrates having authority 
to commit insane persons to the State lunatic hos- 
pital, may commit all insane persons found in the city 
of Boston, whether they are furiously mad or other- 
wise, who have their legal settlement in the city of 
Boston, or in any other city or town within this com- 
monwealth, to the Boston lunatic hospital, in all cases 
in which said courts and magistrates are authorized 
by law to commit such persons to the State lunatic 
hospital. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [Appy^oved May 30, 1857.] 



An Act concerning the Eemoval of Prisoners in the 

Public Institutions in the City of Boston. 
Be it enacted, &c., as follows : 

The board of directors for public institutions of the 
city of Boston, comprising the house of correction, house 
of industry, house of reformation and lunatic hospital, is 
hereby authorized, at its discretion, to transfer from any 
one of the said institutions, to any other of said institu- 
tions, any prisoner sentenced to either of the same : 
provided, the assent of the court or magistrate that com- 
mitted said prisoner, shall first be obtained to such 
removal. \_A2jpr0ved March 27, 1858.] 



RECENT LAWS. 69 



An Act authorizing the City of Boston to establish a 
City Hospital. 
Be it enacted, &c., asfoUotvs : 

Section 1. The city of Boston is hereby authorized to 
erect, establish, and maintain a hospital for the recep- 
tion of persons who by misfortune or poverty may 
require relief during temporary sickness. 

Sect. 2. The city council of said city shall have 
power to make such ordinances, rules and regulations, 
as they may deem expedient, for the appointment of 
trustees, and all other necessary officers, agents and 
servants, for managing the said hospital. 

Sect. 3. Said hospital shall not be erected or located 
within three hundred feet of any school house or church 
now built. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect from and after its 
passage. [^Ajj^roved March 27, 1858.] 



70 RECENT ORDINANCES. 



RECENT OEDINANCES 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



An Ordinance in addition to an ordinance entitled " An 
Ordinance concerning the Public Lands. Passed 
July 22, 1850." 

Be it ordainedy &c., as foUoivs : 

Section 1. In the month of January, in each year, 
there shall be appointed a joint committee of the city 
council, to be called the Committee on Public Lands, 
to consist of three aldermen and five members of the 
common council. 

Sect. 2. An ordinance entitled "An Ordinance in 
addition to an Ordinance on Public Lands," passed Jan- 
uary 12, 1855, and all parts of ordinances inconsistent 
herewith, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take eifect on and 
after its passage. [^Passed January 14, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in relation to City Officers. 
Be it ordained^ d:c., as foUoivs : 

Section 1. All city officers required by the city 
ordinances to be elected or appointed by the concur- 
rent vote of the city council, or to be appointed by the 
mayor, by and with the advice and consent of the 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 71 

board of aldermen, excepting those officers, the time 
of whose election or appointment is otherwise pre- 
scribed by the statutes of the commonwealth, also 
excepting the treasurer, auditor and assessors, shall be 
elected or appointed, as the case may be, on the first 
Monday of January, in each year, or within sixty days 
thereafter. 

Sect. 2. Every city officer elected or appointed 
under the provisions of the foregoing section, shall hold 
his office, if not sooner removed, for one year from the 
first Monday of January, in the year in which he shall 
be elected or appointed, and until a successor be elected 
or appointed ; but he may at any time be removed, by 
the authority under which he may have been elected 
or appointed, and any vacancy occasioned by the 
removal, resignation or death of such city officer, may 
be filled at any time. 

Sect. 3. Nothing in this ordinance shall require the 
election or appointment of any city officer, during the 
present municipal year, to be made prior to the re- 
spective times heretofore prescribed for such election or 
appointment; but every city officer, with the excep- 
tions mentioned in the first section of this ordinance, 
who may be elected or appointed during the present 
municipal year, shall hold his office, if not sooner 
removed, until the first Monday of January, in the year 
eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and until another is 
elected or appointed in his place. 

Sect. 4. So much of any ordinance as may be incon- 
sistent herewith, is hereby repealed. [^Fassed March 5^ 
1856.] 



72 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

An Ordinance in relation to "Water. 
Be it ordained, &c., as folloiuB : 

Section 1. The ordinance entitled " An Ordinance 
providing for the care and management of the Boston 
Water Works," passed October 31, 1850, shall be amend- 
ed as follows : By striking out the words " in the 
month of March or April," in the first and second lines 
of the first section of said ordinance, and inserting in 
place thereof, the words " on the first Monday of 
January, or within sixty days thereafter." 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect on the 
first Monday of January next. \Pa8sed March 5, 
1856.] 



An Ordinance abolishing the office of County Physician. 
Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1, An ordinance entitled " An Ordinance in 
relation to the County Physician," creating the of&ce 
of physician to the jail, passed July 16, 1855, is here- 
by repealed. 

Sect. 2. All ordinances and parts of ordinances re- 
pealed by section second of said ordinance, are hereby 
revived, and declared to be in full force and effect. 

Sect. 3. This ordinance shall take effect from and 
after its passage. \_Passed May 31, 1856.] 



An Ordinajsice to license and regulate Pawnbrokers. 
Be it ordained, &c., as folloivs : 

Section 1. The board of aldermen may, from time 
to time, give and grant licenses to such persons as shall 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 73 

apply for the same, to use, exercise, and carry on the 
trade or busmess of a pawnbroker ; which said hcenses 
shall continue in force until the first day of the month 
of July following, (unless sooner revoked by the mayor, 
which he is hereby authorized to do, on evidence satis- 
factory to him of a violation of any of the provisions 
of this ordinance,) and no longer ; and each person to 
whom such license shall be given, shall pay therefor to 
the city treasurer the sum of one hundred dollars ; but 
no such license shall authorize the opening of more 
than one place for the transaction of the business afore- 
said ; and no person shall be licensed, who shall have 
been convicted of receiving stolen goods. 

Sect. 2. Every person who shall be licensed as 
aforesaid, shall, at the time of receiving said license, 
enter, with sufficient sureties, to be approved by the 
mayor, into a bond in the sum of one thousand dollars, 
conditioned for the faithful observance of this ordinance, 
and of such further ordinances as may hereafter be 
enacted in the premises, and of the laws of the com- 
monwealth relating thereto, which said bond shall be 
held by the city of Boston in trust, for the use of every 
person who may be aggrieved by any violation thereof 
And every pawnbroker so applying for a license shall 
first effect an insurance against fire, for at least one 
year, for two thousand dollars, on goods pawned, at 
such insurance office as the mayor or chairman of the 
committee on hcenses shall approve ; the policy for 
which shall be deposited with his bond when the said 
license shall be given to him. 

Sect. 3. No person shall use, exercise or carry on 
the trade or business of a pawnbroker, without first 
10 



74 • EECENT ORDINANCES. 

having obtained such license as aforesaid, or after the 
revocation thereof, under the penalty of fifty dollars 
for each and every offence. 

Sect. 4. No person so licensed as aforesaid shall 
keep his office open for the transaction of business on 
any day in the week before sunrise, or after seven 
o'clock in the evening, except on Saturday evening, 
when said office shall be closed before ten o'clock, under 
a penalty of fifty dollars for each and every offence. 

Sect. 5. Every pawnbroker shall keep a book, to be 
called " Book No. 1," in which shall be fairly written, at 
the time of each loan, an accurate account and descrip- 
tion of the goods, articles or things pawned, the sum 
' loaned thereon, the date of the loan, and the name and 
residence of the person pawning or j)ledging the said 
goods, articles or things, and also in which shall be writ- 
ten the charges on the same as they shall accrue, which 
entry shaU be regularly numbered; and also when a 
watch is pawned, the number and name of the maker 
thereof, if any appears, and all letters or marks on goods 
or articles manufactured of gold or silver shall be in- 
scribed therein ; which said book, as also book No. 2, 
hereinafter mentioned, shall be at all times open to the 
full and free inspection of the owner or owners of the 
articles, or of any person demanding the same. Pro- 
vided, such person shall exhibit an order to make such 
inspection, signed by the mayor or chief of police ; and 
in all cases where the description of goods in the said 
book or books is alleged to correspond with any goods 
lost, the article or thing shall be exhibited when de- 
manded by the person authorized as above to inspect 
said book or books. And the said pawnbroker shall 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 75 

deliver to the person pawning or pledging the said 
goods, articles or things, at the time the same are 
received, a certificate, duplicate or note signed by him, 
and numbered to correspond with his said book, and 
which shall contain the substance of the particular entry 
therein; and every pawnbroker who shall neglect to 
make the entries herein required, or to deliver the said 
certificate or note, shall forfeit and pay the sum of fifty 
dollars for each and every neglect ; and if any pawn- 
broker shall neglect or refuse to allow the inspection 
herein provided for to be made, or to exhibit the article 
or thing pledged as herein required, he shall forfeit and 
pay the sum of fifty dollars for each and every refusal. 

Sect. 6. No pawnbroker shall ask, demand, or receive 
a greater rate of interest than six per centum per 
annum; and, in addition thereto, he is authorized and 
permitted to demand and receive for storage, and other 
necessary expenses, a sum not exceeding two per cen- 
tum per month. And any pawnbroker who shall de- 
mand or receive any higher rate of interest or charges 
than is herein provided, shall forfeit and pay the sum 
of fifty dollars. 

Sect. 7. No pawnbroker shall sell any goods, arti- 
cles, or thing pawned or pledged, until the same shall 
have remained in his possession four months for dry 
goods and clothing of all kinds, and eight months for all 
other articles ; within which times, respectively, such 
goods, articles, or thing shall be delivered on applica- 
tion made by the owner thereof, or his or her legal rep- 
resentative, provided such applicant shall surrender 
the duplicate, certificate, or note, and pay the sum origi. 
nally loaned, with the interest and charges that may 



76 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

have accrued thereon ; and such goods, articles, or thing 
that shall remain unredeemed at the expiration of the 
time before mentioned, shall be sold at public auction 
in the city of Boston, and not otherwise or elsewhere, 
after ten days' notice of the time and place of sale and 
the kind of goods, first given in two public and daily 
newspapers in the said city ; and the surplus money, if 
any, arising from the said sale, after deducting the 
amount of the loan, the interest, and charges then due 
on the same, and the expenses of the advertisement and 
sale, shall be paid over by the pawnbroker to the per- 
son who would have been entitled to redeem the pledge 
in case no such sale had taken place. And if any pawn- 
broker shall violate any of the provisions of this sec- 
tion, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars for 
every such violation : Provided, that no goods, articles, 
or things shall be offered at such sale of forfeited goods? 
except such as shall have been placed, bona fide, upon 
pledge, under a penalty of twenty dollars for each and 
every article so sold. 

Sect. 8. Every pawnbroker shall keep a book, to be 
called " Book No. 2," wherein shall be entered the sales 
of such goods, articles or things which shall be sold as 
aforesaid, wherein shall be marked the same, with the 
date thereof, and before each article shall be inserted 
the number affixed thereto in " Book No. 1," hereinbe- 
fore provided for, and opposite thereto shall be inserted 
the amount loaned thereon, the charges thereon, the 
amount for which the same was sold, and the name of 
the pawner. And if any pawnbroker shall violate any 
of the provisions of this section, he shall forfeit and pay 
the sum of fifty dollars for every such violation. 



EECENT ORDINANCES. 77 

Sect. 9. If any goods, articles or thing which shall 
be advertised in any public newspaper in the city of 
Boston as having been lost or stolen, and which goods, 
articles or thing shall then be or thereafter come into 
the possession of any pawnbroker, he shall, on actual 
notice thereof, immediately thereafter give information 
in writing at the office of the chief of police, that cer- 
tain goods, articles or thing answering to the descrip- 
tion of said advertised goods, articles or thing, are in his 
possession, and shall also state from whom the same was 
or were received, imder the penalty of fifty dollars for 
every such neglect. \_I*assed June 13, 1856.] 



An Ordinance concerning the Public Lands. 
Be it ordained, dc, as follows : 

Section. 1. In the month of January in each year, 
there shall be appointed a joint committee of the city 
council, to be called the Committee on Public Lands, to 
consist of such numbers from each board, as the city 
council may from time to time order; and said com- 
mittee, together with not more than four persons, to be 
selected as is hereinafter set forth, shall constitute a 
board of land commissioners. 

Sect. 2. In the month of November or December 
in each year, the committee on public lands shall, from 
their own number, nominate one alderman and one 
member of the common council, to be members of the 
board of land commissioners ; and the persons so nom- 
inated, being confirmed by the city council, shall hold 
their offices for two years from and after the commence- 
ment of the municipal year then next ensuing. 



78 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

[Sect. 3. The board of land commissioners thus 
constituted^ shall have the care and management of the 
public lands belonging to the city, so far as relates to 
the improvement, sale and disposal of the same, subject 
to the limitations mentioned in this and other ordi- 
nances of the city, and to such rules, orders and regula- 
tions as the city council may from time to time adopt. 
Repealed Dec. 28, 1857.] 

Sect. 4. The said commissioners are authorized to 
lay out and make such streets, passage-ways and squares 
on the public lands, to lay such sewers therein, and to 
make such alterations in the lots, as they may deem 
expedient, subject to the approval of the mayor and 
aldermen. 

Sect. 5. There shall be chosen annually, on the first 
Monday in January, or within sixty days thereafter, 
(and whenever a vacancy occurs,) by concurrent vote 
of the two branches of the city council, a superintend- 
ent of public lands, who shall hold his office until a 
successor is appointed or he is removed. He shall be 
removable at the pleasure of the city council, and shall 
receive such compensation as the said council may 
from time to time determine. 

Sect. 6. The said superintendent, before entering on 
the duties of his office, shall give bond with one or more 
sureties, to the approbation of the mayor, with condition 
that he will not, while holding said office, directly or 
indirectly, for himself or others, or by others in trust 
for him, or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any purchase, lease, contract or agreement, to be 
made in pursuance of this ordinance. 

Sect. 7. The said superintendent shall devote him- 



RECENT ORDINANCES. i\) 

self to the care, improvement and sale of the public 
lands, and, under the direction of the said commission- 
ers, shall cause them to be surveyed and laid out into 
convenient lots, and contract for the sale, and actually 
sell or lease the same, at public or private sale. 

But this and the fourth section shall not apply to the 
Common, the land and flats west of Charles street, the 
lands connected with the public institutions at South 
Boston, or to any other lands purchased or held for spe- 
cific purposes, unless by special vote of the city council. 

Sect. 8. The said superintendent may, under the 
direction of the said commissioners, contract and agree 
for defraying, in part or in whole, the cost or expense 
incident to or arising out of the performance of any 
acts which he is by this ordinance authorized to do and 
perform, by transfer of lands to the contracting parties, 
in lieu of money, when the same can be done with 
advantage to the city. 

Sect. 9. The said superintendent shall at all times 
perform such services as may be required of him by the 
mayor and aldermen, in the laying out, alteration or 
widening of streets, and in the trial or settlement of 
any and all claims for damages, in consequence of such 
laying out, alteration or widening, and shall act as sec- 
retary to the board of land commissioners. 

Sect. 10. All contracts, deeds, conveyances and 
leases, made by virtue of this ordinance, shall be signed 
and executed by the mayor, in the same manner as if 
the same were made by order of the city council, and 
shall be countersigned by the said superintendent. 

Sect. 11. The said superintendent shall, at least 
once in three months, and as often as required, make a 



80 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

true and correct report of his proceedings under this 
ordinance, and exhibit proper schedules and accounts 
of all lands sold, moneys received and securities taken, 
to the board of aldermen, which shall be by them sent 
to the common council. 

Sect. 12. The said superintendent shall keep an 
accurate record or account of all the vacant lands 
belonging to the city ; and whenever any such lands 
shall be purchased by the city for any purpose, it shall 
be the duty of the person or persons so purchasing the 
same to make report thereof forthwith to the said 
superintendent. 

Sect. 13. All money paid by any purchaser or lessee 
of the public lands, and aU notes, bonds, mortgages and 
securities for moneys, arising or accruing from, or in 
virtue of, any contract made by said superintendent 
under this ordinance, shall be paid to and deposited 
with the treasurer. 

Sect. 14. No conveyance of any estate, in fee or for 
life, in any lands belonging to the city, shall be deliv- 
ered until the purchase money is paid ; but the mayor 
may, from time to time, release to any purchaser or his 
assigns, any one lot of land, when several lots were 
included in one contract or bond, on payment of an 
equivalent portion of the purchase money. 

Sect. 15. No expenditure of money, or contract 
requiring the expenditure .of money, shall be made, 
under or by virtue of this ordinance, without the sanc- 
tion of the city council, by an appropriation first made 
to meet such expenditure. 

Sect. 16. No member of the board of land com- 
missioners shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 81 

any contract, bargain, sale or agreement in relation to 
the public lands, or any matter or thing connected 
therewith, wherein the city is interested, without an 
express vote of the city council ; and any and all con- 
tracts, bargains, sales or agreements made in violation 
of this section, shall be at all times voidable by the city. 

Sect. 17. The board of land commissioners shall 
annually, in the month of January, choose one of their 
number to be chairman of the board ; and said board 
shall be competent to do or perform any act authorized 
by this ordinance, or which may hereafter be author- 
ized, at any meeting duly notified, when a majority of 
the members of the committee on public lands, or 
a majority of the whole board are present, but not 
otherwise. 

Sect. 18. An ordinance in relation to public lands, 
passed July 22d, 1860, repealed April 14, 1853, and 
revived March 13, 1855, as printed on page 405, of the 
Revised Ordinances of 1856, is hereby repealed ; but 
such repeal shall not be construed to revive any ordi- 
nance whatever. \_Fassed Dec. 26, 1856.] 



An Ordinance in addition to- an Ordinance in relation 
to the Weighing and Marking of Lighters and other 
Vessels employed in the transportation of certain 
articles. 

Be it ordained, &c., asfoUotvs : 

Section 1. All stones, gravel, sand, or other ballast 

brought to the city of Boston by water, and sold by 

weight, to be delivered at any place in the said city of 

Boston, or into any vessel in the harbor of said city, 

11 



82 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

shall be inspected by the inspectors appointed by the 
city of Boston. Provided, that this section shall not 
apply to sand sold for building purposes, unless the 
purchaser thereof shall request an inspection. 

Sect. 2. In any case of the sale by weight of stones, 
gravel, sand or other ballast, to be delivered at any 
place in the city of Boston, or into any vessel in the 
harbor of said city, it shall be the duty of one, of said 
inspectors to go on board of the lighter, or other vessel 
containing the same, and inspect the marks of such 
lighter or other vessel, before and after the delivery of 
such stones, gravel, sand or other ballast ; and the per- 
sons having charge of such lighter or other vessel shall, 
before such delivery, trim the same so as to make said 
lighter or other vessel swim at equal marks at stem and 
stern, if so required by the inspector, and shall pump 
all the water out ; and in case any person shall wilfully 
hinder any inspector acting under this ordinance from 
going on board such lighter or other vessel, or shall 
begin to deliver therefrom the stones, gravel, sand or 
other ballast sold by weight, before such lighter or other 
vessel shall be trimmed to swim at equal marks, when 
so required by the inspector, and the water pumped 
out, he shall forfeit a sum not exceeding one hundred 
dollars for every such offence. 

Sect. 3. Every person who shall deliver stones, 
gravel, sand, or other ballast sold by weight, when an 
inspection of the same is required by this ordinance, or 
the ordinance to which this is an addition, from any 
lighter or other vessel, which shall not have been 
weighed, marked, and inspected, as is provided in this 
ordinance and the ordinance to which this is an addi- 



* 

EECENT OKDINANCES. 83 



tion, or which shall not have been weighed and marked 
under previous laws or ordinances, or shall alter or 
counterfeit the marks or certificate of any lighter or 
other vessel, as aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not exceed- 
ing three hundred dollars for every offence. 

Sect. 4. The fees for inspecting the weight of stones, 
sand, gravel or other ballast, shall be three cents for 
every ton inspected and delivered, which shall in all 
cases be paid by the vendor of the same, and shall be 
repaid to him by the vendee. 

Sect. 5. This ordinance shall take effect immedi- 
ately on its passage. 

Sect. 6. The third, eighth, and ninth sections of the 
ordinance to which this is an addition, being the ordi- 
nance printed on the fiftieth, fifty-first, and succeeding 
pages of the " Laws and Ordinances," published by 
order of the city council in 1856, are hereby repealed. 
[Passed Feb. 18, 1857.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance concerning 

the Assessment and Collection of Taxes. 
Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. There shall be chosen annually, in the 
month of February or March, by concurrent vote of the 
two branches of the city council, thirteen assessors of 
the public taxes ; four of whom shall be voted for upon 
one ballot, and shall be denominated principal assessors, 
and shall devote their whole time to the service of the 
city, and shall receive such compensation as the city 
council may determine ; and the remaining nine shall 
be voted for on one ballot, and shall receive for their 



84 EECENT OEDINANCES. 



services four dollars per day each, while going through 
the wards, taking a hst of the ratable polls, and esti- 
mating the value of real and personal estates ; and 
three dollars per day in full for their services while en- 
gaged in other duties of their office. All the said 
assessors shall hold their office daring the year, and 
until others are chosen and qualified in their stead. 

Sect. 2. In the month of January, annually, a com- 
mittee of the common council, consisting of one mem- 
ber from each ward, shall be appointed, whose duty it 
shall be to nominate assistant assessors, from the several 
wards, selecting, as nearly as may be, a just representa- 
tion from the various callings of the persons to be taxed. 

Sect. 3. In the month of February or March, annu- 
ally, there shall be chosen, by concurrent vote of the 
two branches of the city council, two assistant assess- 
ors, from each ward of the city, who shall hold their 
office during the year, and until others are chosen and 
qualified in their stead ; and they shall receive such 
compensation, in full for all their services, as the city 
council may determine. 

Sect. 4. The first, second, and third sections of the 
ordinance to which this is in addition, are hereby re- 
pealed. \_Passed March 18, 1857.] 



An Oedinance in addition to "An Ordinance relating 
to the Public Health," passed August 20, 1850, and 
December 28, 1854, and printed on page 261 of the 
Ordinances of 1856. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. Whenever any vault, privy, or drain 

shall become ofiensive or obstructed, the same shall be 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 85 

cleansed and made free ; and the owner, agent, occupant, 
or other person having charge of the land in which 
any vault or drain may be situated, the state and 
condition of which shall be in violation of the pro- 
visions of this ordinance, shall remove, cleanse, alter, 
amend, or repair the same, within a reasonable time 
after notice in writing to that effect, given by the su- 
perintendent of health or his assistant. In case of 
neglect or refusal for the space of five days, the board 
of aldermen shall cause the same to be removed, 
cleansed, altered, amended, or repaired, as they may 
deem expedient, at the expense of the owner, agent, 
occupant, or other person as aforesaid, and such owner, 
agent, occupant, or other person shall also be liable to 
a penalty. 

Sect. 2. No vault or privy shall be emptied, without 
a permit from the superintendent of health or his 
assistant; nor in any other manner, or at any other 
time, than he shall direct and appoint, conformable to 
such regulations and contracts as the board of alder- 
men from time to time shall make on the subject, and 
always at the expense of the owner, agent, occupant, 
or other person having charge of the tenement to which 
such vault is attached. 

Sect. 3. A book shall be kept in some convenient 
place, under the charge of the superintendent of 
health, in which shall be entered all applications for 
opening and cleansing vaults ; and the same shall re- 
ceive attention in the several wards in the order in 
which they are made. The board of aldermen shall, 
from time to time, determine the sum to be paid by 
persons who shall make such applications between the 



86 EECENT OEDINANCES. 

fifteenth day of September and the first day of March ; 
and all persons making such application between the 
first day of March and the first day of June shall be 
charged and shall pay double the amount so deter- 
mined ; and persons making such application between 
the first day of June and the fifteenth day of Septem- 
ber, shall be charged and shall pay three times the 
amount so determined. And in order to ascertain the 
proper sum to fix as a minimum price, for the removal 
of the contents of the vaults as hereinbefore provided, 
the committee on internal health shall advertise for 
proposals for such service, for a term not exceeding 
three years ; and shall report to the board of aldermen 
a contract or contracts therefor, for their approval. 

Sect. 4. No vault shall be opened between the first 
day of June and the fifteenth day of September in 
each year ; unless on inspection caused to be made, the 
superintendent of health or his assistant shall be sat- 
isfied- of the necessity of the same for the health or 
comfort of the inhabitants. In which case no more of 
the contents shall be taken away, than they or either 
of them shall deem to be absolutely necessary for pre- 
sent safety and relief, and such precautions shall be 
used relative to the preventing of any offensive effluvia, 
as they or either of them shall direct, at the expense of 
the owner, agent, occupant, or other person having 
charge of the premises. 

Sect. 5. If any of the substances, in the preceding 
section mentioned, shall be thrown or carried from any 
house, warehouse, shop, cellar, yard, or other place, or 
left in any of the places specified in the preceding sec- 
tion, the owner of such house, warehouse, shop, cellar, 



EBCENT ORDINANCES. 87 

yard, or other place as aforesaid, as well as the occu- 
pant thereof, and the person who actually threw, car- 
ried, or left the same, shall severally be held liable for 
such violation of this ordinance ; and all such sub- 
stances shall be removed from the place where they 
have been thrown or left as aforesaid, by such owner 
or occupant, within two hours after personal notice in 
writing to that effect, given by the superintendent of 
health or his assistant ; or such removal shall be made 
under the direction of the officers just named, and 
the expense thereof shall be borne by such owner or 
occupant. 

Sect. 6. Sections eight, nine, ten, eleven, and seven- 
teen, of the ordinance to which this is in addition, are 
hereby repealed, and the sections of this ordinance are 
substituted therefor in the order in which they stand. 

Sect. 7. Section two of the ordinance to which this 
is in addition, is hereby repealed. [^Passed April 6, 
1857.] 



An Ordinance relating to Bridges. 
Be it ordained, &c., asfoUotvs: 

Section 1. The North Free Bridge shall be hereafter 
called the Federal Street Bridge ; the South Free Bridge 
shall be hereafter called the Dover Street Bridge ; the 
East Boston and Chelsea Free Bridge shall be hereafter 
called the Chelsea Street Bridge ; the East Boston Free 
Bridge shall be hereafter called the Meridian Street 
Bridge, and the bridge over Fore Point Channel, con- 
necting Mount Washington Avenue, shall be called the 
Mount Washington Avenue Bridge. 

Sect. 2. There shall be chosen, in the month of Jan- 



88 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

nary or February, annually, by concurrent vote of the 
city council, a Superintendent of the Federal Street 
Bridge, a Superintendent of the Dover Street Bridge, 
a Superintendent of the Mount Washington Avenue 
Bridge, a Superintendent of the Chelsea Street Bridge, 
and a Superintendent of the Meridian Street Bridge ; 
each of whom shall hold his office until removed, or his 
successor be appointed, and shall receive such compen- 
sation for his services as the city council shall estab- 
lish, and shall be removable at the pleasure of the city 
council. And in case either of said offices shall become 
vacant, from any cause, a successor shall be chosen in 
the manner above described. 

Sect. 3. It shall be the duty of each superintendent 
to take charge of the bridge of which he is chosen su- 
perintendent, by night and by day, and cause the draw 
thereof to be opened at all times, when required for 
the free passage of vessels, and to cause the same to be 
closed, forthwith, and with all possible expedition, not 
permitting more than one vessel to pass at any one 
opening of the draw, unless the bridge shall be free of 
passengers while the draw is up ; in which case, he shall 
use his discretion as to the number of vessels to be per- 
mitted to pass, prior to the closing of the draw ; and it 
shall also be within his discretion, to permit any vessel 
to pass through the draw, against the tide, when the 
wind is favorable. And each superintendent shall see 
that the bridge of which he is superintendent, and the 
abutments and wharves connected therewith, are, at all 
times, in a safe and satisfactory condition, and free from 
all incumbrances; that the lamps thereon are well 
lighted, that the railing and planks are in good order, 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 89 

and the snow and ice removed from the sidewalks in 
winter ; — subject, at all times, to the authority, control 
and direction of the board of aldermen for the time 
being, relative to the duties hereinbefore expressed, and 
also relative to any other duties respecting said bridges 
and wharves, and the abutments connected therewith, 
which the said board of aldermen may, from time to 
time, order and prescribe. 

Sect. 4, The several superintendents above named 
may appoint their assistant superintendents, subject to 
the approval of the committee on bridges, and no as- 
sistant superintendent shall be authorized to act as such, 
until his appointment is duly certified by the committee 
on bridges to the board of aldermen. And said assist- 
ant superintendents shall be compensated for their ser- 
vices out of the salary of the superintendent whose 
assistant he is, unless otherwise provided by the city 
council. 

Sect. 5. Any person or persons who shall deface, break 
or injure either of said bridges or wharves, or shall un- 
necessarily open or obstruct the passage of either of the 
draws of said bridges, or shall make fast to such bridge, 
guard, or pier, any vessel, scow, raft or float, or shall 
allow any vessel under his charge to pass through the 
draw, without the consent of the superintendent of 
such bridge, shall, upon conviction thereof, pay a fine 
of not less than three dollars, and not exceeding fifty 
dollars. 

Sect. 6. All ordinances and parts of ordinances in- 
consistent herewith are hereby repealed. \_Passed May 

11, 1857.] . 

12 



90 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

An Ordinance concerning the Public Institutions. 

Be it ordained, &c., as foUoivs : 

Section 1. When this ordinance shall take effect, the 
city council shall proceed to elect, in the manner pro- 
vided by law, twelve suitable persons, resident citizens 
of the city of Boston, to be "the Board of Directors 
for Public Institutions ; " of whom nine shall be citizens 
at large, one shall be a member of the board of alder- 
men, and two shall be members of the common coun- 
cil. The persons so elected at large, shall be divided 
by the city council into three classes, and each class 
shall consist of three persons ; and the persons compos- 
ing the first class shall hold their office for the term of 
one year; those composing the second class, for the 
term of two years; and those composing the third 
class, for the term of three years, from the first Mon- 
day of January, in the year eighteen hundred and 
fifty-seven. And the persons so elected from the 
board of aldermen and the common council, shall 
respectively hold their offices for the term of one year 
from the same date. And after the first election, an- 
nually, in the month of January, or as soon thereafter 
as may be, there shall be elected in the same manner, 
to be members of said board of directors for public 
institutions, three citizens at large, to hold their office 
for three years, and one member of the board of alder- 
men and two members of the common council, to hold 
their office for one year, from the first Monday of Jan- 
uary, in the year of their election. Each of said 
directors shall, in addition to his said term, hold his 
office until another is elected in his stead ; but each of 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 91 

said directors shall at all times be subject to removal 
from office by the city council for cause. Any vacancy 
in said board of directors, caused by non-acceptance of 
office, removal, resignation, death, or otherwise, may be 
filled by the city council, whenever such vacancy shall 
exist, by concurrent vote. « 

Sect. 2. Immediately after the first election pro- 
vided for in the first section of this ordinance, the per- 
sons elected shall organize themselves by the choice of 
one of their own number for president, and they shall 
appoint a clerk ; and a majority shall constitute a quo- 
rum for business. And upon such organization, the 
said board shall be entitled to receive from the direct- 
ors of the houses of industry and reformation, and 
the visitors of the lunatic hospital, in the city of Bos- 
ton, and the overseers of the house of correction for 
the county of Suffolk, all books, papers, property and 
things pertaining to the said several institutions ; and 
the offices of directors of the houses of industry and 
reformation, visitors of the lunatic hospital, and over- 
seers of the house of correction, as now constituted, 
shall be abolished, and the persons now holding the 
same be discharged from their respective trusts. And 
the said board of directors for public institutions, shall 
annually, as soon after the election of members thereof 
at the commencement of the municipal year, as pro- 
vided in the first section of this ordinance, as may be 
convenient, renew their organization in the manner 
above provided for their first organization. 

Sect. 3. The said board of directors for public in- 
stitutions shall have and exercise all the powers con- 
ferred and be subject to all the duties imposed by 



92 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

existing laws and ordinances, upon the directors of the 
houses of industry and reformation, the visitors of 
the lunatic hospital, and the overseers of the house 
of correction, and which may be conferred and imposed 
upon the said board by this ordinance, and by all future 
laws and ordinances. * 

Sect. 4. The said board of directors for public in- 
stitutions may make all needful rules and regulations 
for the government and management of the several 
institutions under their charge, and of such subordinate 
officers, agents, and assistants as they may deem it ex- 
pedient to employ, and to fix the compensation of such 
subordinate officers, agents, and assistants, subject, how- 
ever, to the approval of the city council. No rule or 
regulation made by the said board shall take effect, 
until it shall have been approved by the city council, 
nor shall it remain in force after it shall have been dis- 
approved by the city council ; and until rules and reg- 
ulations shall have been made and approved as herein 
provided, those now in use at the said several institu- 
tions shall remain in force. 

Sect. 5. The said board may make all necessary 
repairs and alterations in the several buildings under 
their charge, and improvements in the lands and grounds 
connected with said buildings, provided the expenses 
thereof shall not exceed the amount appropriated there- 
for by the city council ; but they shall not make any 
change in the occupancy of said buildings, nor incur 
any expense for the erection or repair of structures or 
buildings, or for the improvement or ornament of the 
grounds, by which they shall exceed the appropriations 
therefor, without first obtaining the approval of the 
city council. 



EECENT OEDINANCES. 93 

Sect. 6. The said board shall elect annually, in the 
month of February, and whenever a vacancy may 
occur, some suitable physician as superintendent of the 
lunatic hospital, who shall constantly reside at the 
same, and they shall prescribe his duties. He shall be 
removable at their pleasure, and shall receive such 
compensation as the city council may from time to 
time determine. The said superintendent shall also 
perform the duties of physician to such other institu- 
tions under the charge of the said board as they shall 
require. And the said superintendent, imder the direc- 
tion of the said board, shall have the control of all 
departments of the hospital and of all subordinate offi- 
cers, attendants and domestics, and of the patients, and 
the charge of the grounds, buildings and appurten- 
ances of the said hospital. 

Sect. 7. Whenever it shall be necessary to procure 
supplies, materials, labor or services for the said institu- 
tions, all due care shall be used to procure them at the 
lowest market prices ; and in all cases, when the sup- 
phes or materials to be obtained shall exceed in value 
the sum of three hundred dollars, the said board shall 
advertise in the newspapers employed by the city of 
Boston to publish its advertisements, for sealed propo- 
sals for the furnishing of such supplies or materials? 
describing particularly the quality and quantity to be 
procured, the times and places of delivery, and all other 
necessary information in regard to the same ; and such 
advertisement shall also give notice of the time and 
place, when and where the proposals will be opened, 
and the same shall be opened publicly at the time and 
place so appointed ; and the contracts for the furnish- 



94 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

ing of sucli supplies or materials shall be awarded to 
the lowest bidder therefor, provided he will furnish sat- 
isfactory security for the. faithful performance of it on 
his part. But no member of said board shall have any 
pecuniary interest in any such contracts, either directly 
or indirectly, for himself personally or in trust for any 
other person or persons. 

Sect. 8. Annually, in the month of January, the 
' said board shall submit to the city council an estimate, 
in detail, of the expenses of maintaining and conduct- 
ing the several institutions under their charge, for the 
year next ensuing, dividing such estimates into appro- 
priate departments ; and the said board shall expend 
no greater sum, in any one of such departments, than 
shall be appropriated therefor by the city council, un- 
less such expenditure shall be first authorized by the 
city council. 

Sect. 9. The said board shall make a report quar- 
terly to the city council, of their expenditures for each 
of the said institutions ; and annually, at the close of 
the year, they shall make a report in print, embracing 
a statement of all their expenditures for each institu- 
tion in detail, stating the quantities, prices and quality 
of every article purchased for each of said institutions, 
of whom, at what time and place, on what terms pur- 
chased, when delivered, the condition of each institu- 
tion, with the number of its inmates, the number of 
admissions thereto, discharges therefrom, and deaths 
and births therein, during the year, and such other in- 
formation pertaining to the said institutions as they 
shall deem to be of public interest. 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 95 

Sect. 10. All ordinances and parts of ordinances 
which are inconsistent with this ordinance, are hereby 
repealed. l_Passed August 25, 1857.] 



An Ordinance concerning Junk Shops and Dealers in 
Second Hand Articles. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. An ordinance entitled "An Ordinance 
concerning Junk Shops and Dealers in Second Hand 
Articles," is hereby repealed ; but such repeal shall 
not be construed to revive any ordinance whatever. 
[Passed Nov. 30, 1857.] 



An Ordinance in relation to Mount Hope Cemetery. 
Be it ordained, &c., asfolloivs: 

Section 1. There shall be elected, by concurrent vote 
of the two branches of the city council, a board of 
five trustees, for the term of five years, who shall have 
the sole care, superintendence and management of the 
Mount Hope Cemetery, situated in the towns of Dor- 
chester and West Roxbury, in the county of Norfolk, 
and belonging to the city of Boston ; one member of 
which board shall go out of office each year, and one 
member shall be chosen annually, in the month of 
January or February ; but said board, or either mem- 
ber thereof, after having had an opportunity to be 
heard in his or their defence, may be removed at any 
time by a concurrent vote of two-thirds of each branch 
of the city council, and in case of a vacancy in said 
board of trustees, by death, resignation, removal or 
otherwise, such vacancy shall be filled by the choice of 



96 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

another trustee, in the manner aforesaid, who shall 
hold his office for the residue of the time for which 
such member so deceased, resigned or removed, would 
have held the same. Said board may be organized by 
the choice of a chairman from their own number ; and 
a majority of said board shall constitute a quorum for 
the exercise of the powers and duties of the said office. 
And the term for which the several members of the 
first board of trustees shall hold their office, shall be 
determined by the city council, as follows : the trus- 
tee first chosen shall hold his office for five years ; the 
trustee next chosen, for four years ; the trustee next 
chosen, for three years; the trustee next chosen, for 
two years ; and the trustee next chosen, for one year. 

Sect. 2. The said board of trustees shall set apart 
and appropriate a portion of said cemetery as a public 
burial place for the use of the inhabitants of the city 
of Boston, free of any charge therefor ; and they shall 
lay out said cemetery in suitable lots or other sub- 
divisions for family or other burial places, with all the 
necessary paths and avenues, and may plant and em- 
bellish the same with trees, shrubs, flowers, and other 
rural ornaments ; and may enclose and divide the same 
with proper fences, and erect or annex thereto such 
suitable edifices, appendages and conveniences as they 
shall from time to time deem expedient ; and said 
board may make all necessary by-laws, rules and regu- 
lations, in the execution of their trust, not inconsistent 
with the ordinances of the city, or the laws of the 
commonwealth, as they may deem expedient. 

Sect. 3. Said board of trustees shall have author- 
ity to grant and convey to any person or persons, by 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 97 

deed duly executed, the sole and exclusive right of 
burial ; and of erecting tombs, cenotaphs, and other 
monuments, in any of the designated lots or subdi- 
visions of said cemetery, upon such terms and con- 
ditions as they shall by their rules and regulations 
prescribe. 

Sect. 4. The proceeds of lots and rights of burial 
in said cemetery, shall be paid into the city treasury, 
to be kept separate from any other funds of the city? 
and subject to the order of said trustees ; and such 
proceeds shall be devoted to the liquidation of all 
amounts paid by the city on account of said ceme- 
tery, either for land or for the improvement and embel- 
lishment thereof, as aforesaid, under the direction of 
said board of trustees, who shall also have the control 
of any appropriation which may be made to the ceme- 
tery by the city council. 

Sect. 5. The board of trustees are authorized to 
take and hold any grant, donation or bequest of prop- 
erty, upon trust ; to apply the same or the income 
thereof, for the improvement or embellishment of the 
said cemetery, or for the erection, repair, preservation 
or renewal of any monument, fence or other erection, 
or for the planting or cultivation of trees, shrubs, or 
plants, in and around any lot ; or for improving the 
said premises in any other manner or form consistent 
with the purposes for which said cemetery is estab- 
lished, according to the terms of such grant, donation 
or bequest. And whenever any such grant, donation 
or bequest, or any deposit shall be made by the pro- 
prietor of any lot in said cemetery, for the annual 
repair, preservation, or embellishment of such lot and 
13 



98 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

the erections thereoiij the said trustees may give to 
such proprietor, or his representative, an agreement or 
obhgation in such form and upon such terms and con- 
ditions as they may establish, binding themselves and 
their successors to preserve and keep in repair said lot, 
forever, or for such period as may be agreed on. 

Sect. 6. Any sums of money, so received by said 
trustees, shall be invested by the city treasurer in 
public stocks, or mortgages of real estate, which shall 
always remain separate from and independent of any 
other moneys or property belonging to the city of Bos- 
ton, and free from the control of the city council. 
And the income of such fund or funds shall be received 
by said treasurer subject to the order of said trustees, 
and shall be appropriated by them in such manner as 
shall in their opinion best promote the purposes for 
which said grants, donations, bequests or deposits are 
made. 

Sect. 7. The city of Boston shall be responsible for 
the good faith of said trustees, and the treasurer of 
said city, in the execution of any trust which they 
may assume pursuant to the foregoing provisions. But 
the said trustees shall not be liable to make any 
renewal of any monument or other erection on any 
lots in said cemetery, unless such liability shall be 
expressed in the agreement under which they accept 
any grant, donation or bequest. 

Sect. 8. The city registrar shall act as secretary 
of said board of trustees ; he shall receive all appli- 
cations for lots and rights of burial, and under the 
direction of said trustees, shall make all deeds of the 
same, and pay all sums of money, received on account 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 99 

of the cemetery, to the city treasurer, and perform 
such other duties in relation to the cemetery, as the 
trustees may from time to time require. 

Sect. 9. The form of the deeds to be executed for 
the conveyance of lots in the cemetery, by said trus- 
tees, shall be as follows, viz : 

Know all men by these presents. That the city of 
Boston, in the county of Suffolk, and Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts, in consideration of dollars, 

paid to it by , the receipt whereof is 

hereby acknowledged, doth hereby grant, bargain, sell 
and convey to said heirs and assigns, 

one lot of land in the rural cemetery in Dorchester 
and West Roxbury, called the Mount Hope Cemetery, 
and the sole and exclusive right of burial of the dead 
therein ; the said granted lot contains superficial 

square feet, and is numbered on the plan of said 

cemetery, which is in the possession of the board of 
trustees, having the care, superintendence and man- 
agement thereof, and may be inspected by the said 
grantee, — heirs and assigns, at all reasonable times. 
To have and to hold the aforegranted premises unto 
the said heirs and assigns forever ; but 

subject to the restrictions, limitations, and conditions, 
and the privileges following, viz : 

First. That the proprietor of the said lot shall have 
the right to enclose the same with a wall or fence, 
not exceeding one foot in thickness, which may be 
placed on the adjoining land of said city, exterior to 
said lot. 

Second. That the said lot shall not be used for any 



100 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

other purpose, than as a place of burial for the dead ; 
and no trees within the lot or border shall be cnt 
down or destroyed, without the consent of the said 
trustees. 

Third. That the proprietor of said lot shall have 
the right to erect monuments, cenotaphs, or stones, 
commemorative of the dead ; or to cultivate trees, 
shrubs, or plants in the same. 

Fourth. That the proprietor of said lot shall erect, 
at — own expense, suitable lan-d marks of stone or iron 
at the corners thereof, and shall cause the number 
thereof to be legibly and permanently marked upon 
the premises ; and if the proprietor shall omit for thirty 
days after notice to erect such landmarks and to mark 
the number, the trustees shall have authority to have 
the same done at the expense of the said proprietor. 

Fifth. That if any trees or shrubs in said lot shall 
become in any way detrimental to the adjacent lots or 
avenues, or dangerous, or inconvenient, it shall be the 
duty of said trustees for the time being, to enter into 
said lot and remove said trees or shrubs, or such parts 
thereof as are thus detrimental, dangerous, or incon- 
venient. 

Sixth. That if any monument, effigy, cenotaph, or 
other structure whatever, or any inscription be placed 
in or upon said lot, which shall be determined by a ma- 
jority of said trustees, for the time being, to be offen- 
sive or improper, the said trustees, or a majority of 
them, shall have the right and it shall be their duty to 
enter upon said lot and remove said offensive or im- 
proper object or objects. 

Seventh. No fence shall at any time be erected or 



RECENT OEDINANCES. 101 

placed in or around said lot, the materials or design of 
which shall not first have been approved by said trus- 
tees or a committee of them. 

Eighth. No tomb shall be constructed or allowed 
within the bounds of the cemetery, unless by special 
permission of said board of trustees, and in such 
places and in such manner as the trustees shall direct. 
And no proprietor shall suffer the remains of any per- 
son to be deposited within the bounds of his lot for 

HIRE. 

Ninth. The said lot shall be indivisible ; and upon 
the death of the grantee, the devisee of said lot, or the 
heir at law, shall be entitled to all the privileges of the 
original grantee ; and if there be more than one devi- 
see or heir at law, the said trustees shall designate the 
one who shall have possession of the said lot ; and in 
making such designation, said trustees shall, as far as 
they conveniently may, give preference to males over 
females, and to proximity of blood, priority of age, and 
with due regard to proximity of residence. 

Tenth. The said lot shall be holden subject to all by- 
laws, rules and regulations, made and to be made by 
the said board of trustees, in pursuance of authority 
granted to them in and by any ordinance or ordinances 
of the city of Boston. And the said city of Boston 
hereby covenants to and with the said heirs 

and assigns, that the said city is lawfully seized in fee 
simple of the aforegranted premises and of the ways 
leading to the same from the highway, that the granted 
premises are free from all incumbrances, that the said 
city hath good right to sell and convey the same to 
the said , in the manner and for the purpose 



102 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

aforesaidj and will warrant and defend the same unto 
the said heirs and assigns forever. 

In Witness whereof, the said city of Boston hath 
caused these presents to be signed by , the 

Chairman of the said Board of Trustees, to be coun- 
tersigned by , their Secretary, and the Treas- 
urer of the said city, and to be sealed with its common 
seal, this day of - , in the year of our 
Lord eighteen hundred and 
Signed, sealed, and delivered, 
in presence of 

Chairman. 
Secretary. 
City Treasurer. 

City of Boston, 

City Kegistrar's office, 

18 
I hereby certify, that the foregoing deed has been 
received, entered and recorded in this office, in the 
book provided for the purpose, being book No. , 

and page No. 

City Registrar. 

Sect. 10. All deeds executed in conformity to the 
preceding section shall be signed by the chairman of 
the board of trustees of Mount Hope Cemetery, and 
countersigned by their secretary, and the city treasurer, 
and shall have the city seal affixed thereto. 

Sect. 11. Said deeds shall be recorded by the city 
registrar, in a book provided for that purpose, and to 
be kept in his office. 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 103 

Sect. 12. Said board of trustees shall, annually, in 
the month of January, and whenever required by the 
city council, make and render a report in writing, of 
all their acts and proceedings, and of the condition of 
the cemetery, and an account of the receipts and ex- 
penditures for the same, and the funds subject to their 
order. 

Sect. 13. This ordinance shall take effect from and 
after its passage. \_Passed Dec. 21, 1857.] 



An Ordinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation 
to Common Sewers and Drains. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. All particular drains, which shall hereaf- 
ter enter into any common sewer now or hereafter con- 
structed in any street or highway, shall be built of such 
materials, and in such direction, and at such grade as 
the board of aldermen, or some person by them author- 
ized, shall direct ; and all openings into such common 
sewer, for the purpose of making a connection there- 
with from any house, cellar, yard, or other premises, 
shall be made by a person specially licensed in writing 
for that purpose by the standing committee on sewers, 
or the superintendent of sewers, specially authorized so 
to do by said committee. 

Sect. 2. Every person, who shall be licensed as pro- 
vided in the preceding section, shall, before perform- 
ing any work authorized thereby, execute a bond to 
the city, in such sum as the committee on sewers 
may prescribe, with the owner of the premises for 
whose benefit such drain is about to be built as surety, 
or some other person satisfactory to the committee or 



104 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

the superintendent of sewers and drains, conditioned 
that he will properly make the openings into such 
sewer ; that he will leave no obstruction of any 
description whatever therein ; that he will properly 
close up the sewer so opened, and restore the earth and 
pavement taken up, and re-grade and pave the same, 
should it settle or become out of order within one year 
thereafter ; or if he fail so to do within twenty-four 
hours after being notified thereof in writing, that then 
it may be re-graded or re-paved by the committee on 
sewers, at his expense ; and, farther, that he will com- 
ply with the ordinances in relation to sewers, and drains, 
and streets, and that he will indemnify and hold harm- 
less the city from any damage or costs to which they 
may be put by reason of injuries resulting to any one 
from neglect or carelessness in making such drain, or in 
performing any work connected therewith. 

Sect. 3. All ordinances or parts of ordinances incon- 
sistent herewith, are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This ordinance shall take effect from and 
after its passage, but shall not affect any obligation or 
contract existing or liability incurred under the ordi- 
nance hereby repealed. \_Passed Decemher 17, 1857.] 



An Ordinance to amend the Ordinance concerning the 
Public Lands. 

Be it ordainedf &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The third section of the ordinance enti- 
tled "An Ordinance concerning the Public Lands," 
passed the twenty-sixth day of December, in the year 
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-six, is hereby 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 105 

repealed ; and in place of and for the said third section 
of said ordinance the following shall be inserted : — 

" The board of land commissioners, thus constituted, 
shall have the care and management of the public 
lands belonging to the city, so far as relates to the im- 
provement, sale and disposal of the same, subject to the 
approval of the mayor, and subject also to the limita- 
tions mentioned in this and other ordinances of the 
city, and to such rules, orders and regulations, as the 
city council may from time to time adopt." [^Passed 
December 28, 1857.] 



An Ordinance in addition to the Ordinances in relation 
to the Fire Department. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The " Ordinance in addition to an ordi- 
nance in relation to the Fire Department," passed Au- 
gust twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, and so 
much of section twenty-five of the " Ordinance, estab- 
lishing a Fire Department, and providing for prevent- 
ing and extinguishing Fires," as provided that " annually 
in the month of August the several companies shall as- 
semble with their apparatus for inspection and review 
by the city council, at such time and place within the 
city of Boston, as the board of engineers shall appoint," 
are hereby repealed. \_Passed January 2, 1858.] 



An Ordinance in addition to " an Ordinance in relation 
to the Public Library." 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. The city council may, by concurrent 
14 



106 EECENT ORDINANCES. 

vote, at any time and at all times hereafter, when 
the trustees of the public library shall so recommend, 
elect a superintendent of the public library, who shall 
be a resident of Boston, or who shall become such 
before entering on the duties of his office, who shall 
hold his office for the term of one year and until 
another is chosen in his place, unless sooner removed in 
the manner hereinafter provided. 

Sect. 2. The said superintendent shall perform all 
such duties and services as the said trustees shall from 
time to time prescribe ; and they may, by a two-thirds 
vote of the whole board, prescribe that any portion of 
the duties which are now, by ordinance or otherwise, 
devolved upon the librarian, shall be performed by 
the said superintendent. And the said superintendent 
shall receive such salary as the city council shall from 
time to time determine. 

Sect. 3. The said superintendent shall be removable 
from his office at any time, by the city council, for 
cause, or whenever the city council shall deem that the 
public interest does not require the services of such 
officer ; and whenever the office of the said superin- 
tendent shall be vacant, from any cause, all the duties 
thereof shall be performed by the librarian, under the 
direction of the trustees. 

Sect. 4. The trustees shall annually, in the month 
of January, communicate to the city council their 
opinion of the necessity and expediency of the election 
of a superintendent of the public library ; and when- 
ever they shall recommend such an election, they shall 
at the same time nominate to the city council a suit- 
able person for the said ofl&ce, and state the rate of 



•s 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 107 

salary wliich, in their jiidgmentj should be paid to him 

for his services. [_Passed July 2, 1857.] 



An Ordinance to provide Clerks for Committees. 

Be it ordained, &c., asfoUoivs : 

Section 1. In the month of January or February, 
annually, and whenever a vacancy in the office shall 
occur, there shall be chosen, by concurrent vote of both 
branches of the city council, a clerk of all committees, 
except the committees on claims and laying out and 
widening streets, who shall hold the ofl&ce for the term 
of one year, and until another is elected in his place, 
unless sooner removed by the city council ; and he 
shall be removable at the pleasure of the city council. 

Sect. 2. It shall be the duty of the said clerk of 
committees to attend when required, the meetings of 
all committees, standing and special, of both branches 
of the city council, and of all joint committees, stand- 
ing and special, and to keep a fair record, in books to 
be kept for the purpose, of all the doings, proceedings, 
and transactions of all such committees, and to per- 
form all such other duties and services as the said com- 
mittees, or any of them, shall from time to time require 
of him. He shall also, when no committee is in session, 
render such services in the office of the superintendent 
of public buildings, as may from time to time be pre- 
scribed by the chairman of the committee on public 
buildings for the time being. 

Sect. 3. The said clerk of committees shall receive, 
in full for all his time and services, such salary as the 
city council may from time to time fix and determine. 

Sect. 4. It shall be the duty of the said clerk to 



108 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

keep a calendar of all the meetings of said committees. 
He shall also notify the members of said committees of 
the time and place of such meetings. \_Fassed July 2, 
1857.] 



An Ordinance in relation to the Bonds of City Officers. 

Be it ordained^ dc, as follotvs : 

Section 1. The city and county treasurer, the au- 
ditor, the harbor master, the surveyor general of 
lumber, the superintendent of public buildings, the 
superintendent of public lands, the superintendent of 
streets, the superintendent of internal health, and the 
city registrar, shall give a bond to the city of Boston, 
in the form following, to wit : 

Know all Men by these presents, that 

of the city of Boston, in the county of 
Suffolk, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, as princi- 
pal, and of said Boston, as sureties, 
are held and stand firmly bound and obliged unto the 
city of Boston aforesaid, in the sum of 
dollars, to be paid to the city, to which payment well 
and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, 
executors, and administrators, jointly and severally, 
firmly, by these presents. 

Dated this day of in the year of our 

Lord and sealed with our seals. 

The condition of this obligation is such, that whereas 
the said has been duly 

and to continue in office until he is removed, or another 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 109 

person is elected in his place : 

Now, therefore, if the said shall 

faithfully discharge and execute all the duties of his 
said office of while he shall 

hold or continue in the same, under his said election 
and any future re-election, if any, to said ofl&ce, and 
shall keep all such books as may be proper and neces- 
sary, in his said office, and that he wdll not, directly or 
indirectly, for himself or others, or by others in trust 
for him or on his account, have any interest or concern 
in any contract or agreement 

and shall truly account for and 
pay over, at least once in three months, all the moneys 
which shall come to his hands, and on ceasing to hold 
said office shall deliver over to his successor or to the 
board of aldermen, all the books, accounts, papers, and 
other documents and property which shall belong to 
his said office, and shall also faithfully render and per- 
form any and all other services, from time to time, as 
the 

shall direct and require, during the 
time he shall continue in said office, as aforesaid, then 
this obligation shall be void, otherwise to remain in full 
force, power and virtue. 

Sect. 2. The clerk of the police court and justices' 
court shall give a bond, in accordance with the statutes 
and ordinances, as they exist from time to time, and 
with conditions similar to those in the form preceding, 
so far as the same are applicable to the duties of his 
office. 



110 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 3. The bonds of the officers mentioned in the 
first and second sections, shall continue in force during 
the term or consecutive terms for which they shall he 
elected or appointed, not exceeding twenty years from 
the date of such bond. 

Sect. 4. The bonds of the several officers mentioned 
in section 1, shall he approved by the city solicitor, 
mayor and board of aldermen of said city of Boston, 
before said officers giving such bonds shall enter upon 
the duties of their respective offices ; but in case of the 
decease or insolvency of any one of the sureties, on 
the bond of any of said officers, except that of the 
city and county treasurer, given as aforesaid, the 
officer who has given such bond shall immediately 
renew the same, subject to the approval of the proper 
authorities. 

Sect. 6. Each year, in the month of November, 
there shall be appointed a joint committee, consisting 
of two members of the board of aldermen, and three 
of the common council, whose duty it shall be to 
examine the bonds of the aforementioned officers, and 
report upon the sufficiency of the same ; and in case 
any bond is found insufficient, and shall not be re- 
newed and approved, within reasonable time, before 
the close of the municipal year, and after notice from 
said committee, the city council of that year may 
declare such bond insufficient, and if the officer who 
has given such insufficient bond and has neglected 
to renew it and obtain its approval, be elective by 
the city council, they may remove him from his 
office, and proceed to fill the vacancy, or report the 
facts to the next city council. 



RECENT ORDINANCES. Ill 

Sect. 6. The penalty of the bond to be given by 
the clerk of the police court and justices' court, 
shall be five thousand dollars ; and the city treasurer 
shall have the custody of said bond, and be accountable 
therefor. 

Sect. 7. The bond which is to be taken as afore- 
said, shall be in force, subject to the aforementioned 
conditions, during his continuance in of&ce, not exceed- 
ing twenty years. 

Sect. 8. It shall be the duty of the city clerk to 
provide, from time to time, blanks in accordance with 
the form herein prescribed, and furnish the same, free of 
charge, to the officers herein named whenever they 
may be needed. 

Sect. 9. All ordinances and parts of ordinances in- 
consistent herewith are hereby repealed. [^Passed Jan- 
uary 2, 1868.] 



An Ordinance to prevent the waste of Cochituate 

Water. 

Be it ordained, (&c., asfolloim : 

Section 1. The owner or occupant of any premises 
where an unnecessary waste of Cochituate water occurs, 
shall be liable to a fine of two dollars, and shall be 
notified thereof in writing, and if such waste shall not 
be prevented, and the fine aforesaid paid, within two 
days from the time when said notice is given, the water 
shall be cut off from the said premises and shall not 
be again let on until the waste be stopped and the fine 
paid, together with an additional sum of two dollars for 
cutting off and letting on the water ; and in case of a 



112 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

second offence during the same year, a fine of four dol- 
lars shall be imposed, and if not paid as before men- 
tioned, the water shall be cut off and not again let on 
till the cause of complaint is removed, and the fine paid, 
together with two dollars for cutting off and letting on 
the water ; and in case of a third or subsequent offence 
the water shall be cut off and shall not again be let on, 
except by a vote of the Cochituate water board, and 
the payment of such fine, not exceeding ten dollars, as 
the said board may impose. 

Sect. 2. No hose shall be attached or used in any 
stable for washing horses or carriages, or for any other 
purpose whatsoever, except for extinguishing fires, un- 
der a penalty of ten dollars for each offence. [^Passed 
A^ril 26, 1858.] 



An Ordinance relating to the Common and other Public 

Lands. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : 

Section 1. No person shall occupy the Common, or 
the Common lands, or the public squares in the city, or 
any portion of either of them for the purpose of deliv- 
ering any sermon or public lecture, address or discourse, 
or deliver any sermon, public lecture, address or dis- 
course therein or thereon, without a license therefor 
from the board of aldermen. 

Sect. 2. Any person who shall offend against any 
of the provisions of this ordinance shall forfeit and pay 
for each offence a sum not less than ten nor more than 
fifty dollars, to be recovered by complaint before the 
justices of the police court of the city of Boston. 
[Passed June 12, 1858.] 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 113 



An Ordinaj^ce in relation to the Survey of Lumber. 

Be it ordained, &c., as foUoivs : 

Section 1. There shall be a surveyor general of 
lumber for the city of Boston, who shall be well skilled 
in the surveying and admeasurement of lumber, to be 
appointed in the month of January and February an- 
nually by concurrent vote of the city council, who shall 
hold his office for one year, and until a successor be 
chosen, unless sooner removed. And before he shall 
enter the duties of his office, he shall give bond, with 
sufficient sureties to the mayor, in the sum of two 
thousand dollars, for the faithful discharge of his duty, 
and he shall be sworn faithfully to perform the same. 

Sect. 2. The said surveyor general of lumber shall 
have power to appoint such a number of competent 
and discreet deputy surveyors of lumber, as he shall 
judge sufficient, not, however, less than twenty nor more 
than thirty ; out of which number he shall appoint one 
or more, whose duty it shall be to survey oak and other 
wood commonly used in ship-building, and also one or 
more whose duty it shall be to survey mahogany, ash, 
cedar and other ornamental wood and lumber; and 
said surveyor general shall be answerable for his depu- 
ties, and shall take a bond from them respectively, for 
the faithful discharge of their duty, and they shall be 
sworn faithfully to perform the same, and they shall be 
removable at the pleasure of said surveyor general. 
And it shall be the duty of said surveyor general 
and his deputies to survey and admeasure all lumber 
brought into the city of Boston for sale, according to 
the provisions of this ordinance, except lumber manu - 
15 



114 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

factured in this commonwealth, which shall also be sur- 
veyed when request therefor is made by either the 
purchaser or seller ; ]jrovided, that no person shall be 
appointed or continued in office as a deputy surveyor, 
who is a dealer or is employed by any dealer in the 
kind of lumber which he is appointed to survey, or shall 
survey any lumber in which he has a pecuniary in- 
terest. 

Sect. 3. In the survey of pine boards and plank, ex- 
cept southern pine, there shall be six sorts. The first sort 
shall be denominated number one, and shall include 
boards not less than one inch thick, square-edged, free 
from rot, shakes, and nearly free from knots and sap, 
except such boards and plank as are not less than 
fifteen inches wide, and not more than one-eighth waste, 
which shall be received as number one. The second 
sort shall be denominated number two, and shall in- 
clude boards not less than one inch thick, and of which 
not less than seven-eighths is suitable for planing and 
first class finish j provided, that such boards as are clear, 
but deficient in thickness as aforesaid, shall be received 
as number two. The third sort shall be denominated 
number three, and shall include boards not less than 
seven-eighths of an inch thick, and of which not less 
than three-fourths is suitable for planing and second 
class finish. The fourth sort shall be denominated num- 
ber four, and shall include boards not less than seven- 
eighths of an inch thick, nearly free from rot and 
nearly square-edged, free from loose and large branch- 
knots, and suitable for covering buildings ; all Norway 
pine boards and plank shall be included in the fourth, 
fifth, and sixth sorts. The fifth sort shall be denomi- 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 115 

Tinted number five, and shall include all boards and 
planks of every description not being within the other 
four denominations, except when one-third is worth- 
less, which boards and plank shall be denominated 
refuse. 

Sect. 4. In the survey of pine joists and dimension 
timber, there shall be three sorts. The first sort shall 
be denominated number one, and shall include all joists 
and dimension timber that are sound and nearly square- 
edged. The second sort shall be denominated number 
two, and shall include all other descriptions, except 
when one-third is worthless, which joists and dimension 
timber shall be denominated refuse. 

Sect. 5. In the survey of spruce, hemlock, juniper 
and southern pine boards, planks, sawed timber and 
joists, there shall be three sorts. The first sort shall be 
denominated number one, and shall include all boards, 
planks, sawed timber and joists that are sound and 
nearly square-edged. The second sort shall be denom- 
inated number two, and shall include all other descrip- 
tions, except when one-third is worthless, which boards, 
planks, sawed timber and joists shall be denominated 
refuse. 

Sect. 6. In the survey of ash, maple, and other 
hard wood and ornamental boards, planks and joists, 
there shall be three sorts. The first sort shall be denom- 
inated number one, and shall include all boards, planks 
and joists that are free from rot, shakes and bad knots. 
The second sort shall be denominated number two, and 
shall include all other descriptions, except when one- 
third is worthless, which boards, planks and joists shall 
be denominated refuse. 



116 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 7. In the survey of hewn timberj except ma- 
hogany and cedar, there shall be three sorts. The first 
sort shall be denominated number one, and shall in- 
clude all timber that is sound and nearly square-edged. 
The second sort shall be denominated number two, and 
shall include timber of all other descriptions, except 
when one-third is worthless, which timber shall be 
denominated refuse. 

Sect. 8. In the survey of oak, juniper and spruce 
knees, there shall be two sorts. The first sort shall be 
denominated number one, and shall include all sound 
knees of the following dimensions : Arm or root 2 feet 
long, body of knee 4 feet long, working thickness 4 
inches. Arm or root 2 feet 6 inches long, body of knee 
4 feet long, working thickness 5 and 5^ inches. Arm 
or root 3 feet long, body of knee 4 feet 6 inches long, 
working thickness 6 and 6^ inches. Arm or root 3 feet 
6 inches long, body of knee 4 feet 6 inches long, work- 
ing thickness 7 and 72 inches. Arm or root 3 feet 9 
inches long, body of knee 5 feet long, working thick- 
ness 8 and 8i inches. Arm or root 4 feet long, body 
of knee 5 feet 6 inches long, working thickness 9 and 
9i inches. Arm or root 4 feet 6 inches long, body of 
knee 6 feet long, working thickness 10 and 10 J inches. 
The second sort shall be denominated refuse, and shall 
include all other descriptions of knees of less dimensions 
than those specified in the first denomination ; all knees 
shall have the working thickness marked thereon, re- 
spectively, and on the first sort the number one shall 
be marked thereon. 

Sect. 9. In the survey of mahogany and cedar, 
there shall be but one sort. And it shall be the duty 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 117 

of the surveyor general of lumber, and of his deputies, 
who are specially appointed to survey mahogany and 
cedar, to number all the mahogany and cedar logs or 
sticks contained in each lot or cargo, in regular nu- 
merical order, and to mark the number of each log or 
stick upon the same, in legible characters. And the said 
surveyor shall, to the best of his ability, ascertain the 
whole number of feet, board measure, in each and every 
log or stick, and what quantity thereof is merchantable, 
and what is refuse. And said surveyor shall thereupon 
issue a certificate or survey bill of said survey, in which 
shall be stated the number of each log or stick, and 
the whole number of feet contained in the same, and 
specifying the number of feet which is merchantable 
and refuse, respectively. 

Sect. 10. All hewn timber, and all round timber used 
for masts and ship-building, shall be surveyed and sold 
as ton timber, at the rate of forty cubic feet to a ton ; 
oak and other timber, and planks commonly used in 
ship-building, shall have the true contents marked 
thereon in cubic feet or board measure, and on the 
first and second sorts, the numbers one and two shall 
be marked respectively. In the survey of white and 
Norway pine boards, planks, joists, sawed timber and 
dimensions, the contents of the same shall be truly 
marked thereon in legible numbers, and on the second, 
third, fourth, and fifth sorts of white and Norway pine 
boards, planks and dimensions, the numbers shall be 
marked respectively. All boards, planks, joists, sawed 
timber and dimension lumber shall be received and sold 
according to the contents thereof, as fixed and marked 
under the aforesaid regulations. In the admeasurement 



118 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

of round timber, one-fourth of the girth shall be taken 
for the side of the square; but all surveys shall be 
made under the direction of the surveyor general, by 
his deputies, and application shall be made by all per- 
sons requiring surveys, to the surveyor general, who 
shall direct his deputies in rotation, or in such other 
order or manner as he shall deem expedient. Provided, 
however, that no deputy shall be allowed to survey for 
one person or firm more than forty days in any year? 
and the surveyor general shall keep a record of the 
time each deputy shall survey for any and all persons 
or firms, with the amount of fees received by each ; 
which record shall at all times be open to the inspection 
of any member of the city council. And it shall be the 
duty of the surveyor general to preserve a uniformity 
in the different sorts and kinds of lumber, conformably 
to the provisions of this ordinance. 

Sect. 11. The fees for surveying and marking, ac- 
cording to the foregoing provisions of this ordinance, 
shall be paid by the purchaser, and shall be as follows : 
For white and Norway pine, spruce, hemlock, juniper 
and white wood boards, planks, joists, sawed timber and 
dimension, twenty-four cents for every thousand feet, 
board measure ; for southern pine flooring boards, 
thirty-four cents for every thousand feet, board meas- 
ure ; for all kinds of pine, spruce, hemlock and juniper 
timber, twelve cents for every ton ; for oak and other 
hard wood, twenty-four cents for every ton ; for knees 
commonly used in ship-building, three cents for each 
knee ; for ash, maple, and other hard wood and orna- 
mental boards, plank and joists, forty cents for every 
thousand feet, board measure ; for Cuba, St. Domingo 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 119 

and other branch or hard mahogany, one dollar for 
every thousand feet, board measure ; and for mahogany 
from the Bay of Honduras, and for cedar, seventy-five 
cents for every thousand feet, board measure. 

Sect. 12. The deputy surveyors shall collect the 
fees specified in the eleventh section, as often as once 
in three months, and when collected, shall pay over 
to the surveyor general, to his own use, ten cents for 
every hundred cents so collected and received by them. 

Sect. 13. It shall be the duty of the surveyor gen- 
eral annually, on the second Monday of January, to 
make a true return to the city council, of all lumber 
surveyed in the city of Boston, by himself and depu- 
ties, specifying the various kinds and qualities, and by 
whom surveyed, and the amount of all fees received 
by him and his deputies, pursuant to this ordinance. 

Sect. 14. If the said surveyor general, or either of his 
deputies, shall be guilty of, or connive at, any fraud or 
deceit, in surveying, marking, or numbering the con- 
tents of any boards, plank, joists or timber, he shall 
forfeit and pay for every offence, a sum not less than 
ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars. And if the sur- 
veyor general or his deputies, on due notice and re- 
quest, shall unreasonably neglect or refuse to perform 
the duties enjoined by this ordinance, he shall forfeit and 
pay for every such offence a sum not less than ten dol- 
lars nor more than fifty dollars, to be recovered by 
indictment or complaint, to the use of the city of 
Boston. 

Sect. 15. It shall not be lawful for any person 
within the city of Boston to sell or to purchase any 
boards, plank, joists or timber brought into said city for 



120 RECENT ORDINANCES. 

sale after the passage of this ordinance, unless they 
shall have been surveyed, marked and numbered, con- 
formably to the provisions thereof And every person 
who may sell or purchase any lumber or wood named 
in this ordinance, which has not been surveyed, marked 
or numbered, as herein is provided, shall forfeit a sum 
equal to double the amount of fees for surveying the 
same, to be recovered by indictment or complaint, to 
the use of the city of Boston. 

Sect. 16. If any person not authorized by the pro- 
visions of this ordinance shall presume to perform any 
of the duties of surveyor of lumber, he shall forfeit a 
sum not less than fifty nor more than two hundred dol- 
lars, to be recovered by indictment or complaint, to the 
use of the city of Boston. 

Sect. 17. So much of the city ordinance as relates 
to the survey of lumber, timber, shingles and clap- 
boards, being all the sections from one to fifteen inclu- 
sive, is hereby repealed ; provided, that this ordinance 
shall not be construed to remove or discharge from 
office, the surveyors who have been appointed or elect- 
ed for the present year. [^Passed July 10, 1858.] 



An Okdinance in addition to an Ordinance in relation 
to Faneuil Hall Market. 

Be it ordained^ &c., as foUoivs : 

Section 1. The basement story and cellars under 
Faneuil Hall, and Faneuil Hall Square, shall be consid- 
ered and held to be within the limits of Faneuil Hall 
Market, and shall be subject to all the provisions, 
restrictions, and regulations contained in an Ordinance 
in relation to Faneuil Hall Market, passed September 
9, 1852. 



RECENT ORDINANCES. 121 

Sect. 2. This ordinance shall take effect from and 
after its passage. [^Passed October 1, 1858.] 



An Ordinance relating to the admission of Patients into 
the Boston Lunatic Hospital for compensation. 

Be it ordained, &c., as follows : — 

That the board of directors for public institutions 
be and they hereby are authorized and empowered to 
admit into the Boston lunatic hospital, as patients, 
insane persons who are not paupers, upon such terms 
and conditions, and for such rate of compensation, as 
the said board may deem expedient. [Passed Decern- 
her 14, 1858.] 

16 



122 HORSE RAILEOADS. 



HORSE RAILROADS. 



KULES AND KEGULATIONS 

To he observed on the several Street Railroads in the City 
of Boston, where Cars are drawn hy Horses. 

[Passed June 27, 1857, and amended January 18, 1859.] 

In the exercise of the rightful power reserved to this 
Board in the several and respective charters of the 
Metropolitan, Cambridge, Dorchester Avenue, Middle- 
sex and Broadway Railroads, it is 

Ordered, That the following rules shall be observed 
by the of&cers, agents and servants of the aforesaid 
corporations, in the mode of using the rails of their 
respective roads in the streets of Boston ; and the same 
rules shall be applied to all other railroads which may 
hereafter be located in the streets of Boston. 

First. — No car shall be drawn at a greater speed, in 
the city proper, in any street north of Dover street and 
the Federal street bridge, than five miles an hour, nor 
in any other street in the city, at a greater speed than 
seven miles an hour. 

Second. — While the cars are turning the corners, 
from one street to another, the horses shall not be 
driven faster than a walk. 



HOESE RAILROADS. 123 

Third. — Cars driven in the same direction shall not 
approach each other within a distance of three hundred 
feet, except in case of accident, when it may be neces- 
sary to connect two cars together, and also, except at 
stations. 

Fourth. — Cars runnins; in different directions shall 
not be allowed to stop abreast each other, except at 
stations. 

Fifth. — No car shall be allowed to stop on a cross 
walk, nor in front of an intersecting street, except to 
avoid collisions, or to prevent danger to persons in the 
street. 

Sixth. — When the conductor of any car is required 
to stop at the intersection of two^ streets to receive or 
land passengers, the car shall be stopped so as to leave 
the rear platform slightly over the farther crossing. 

Seventh. — The conductors and drivers of each car 
shall keep a vigilant watch for all teams, carriages, per- 
sons on foot, and especially children, either on the track 
or moving in the direction of the track ; and on the first 
appearance of danger to such teams, carriages, persons 
or children, or other obstruction, the car shall be stopped 
in the shortest time and space possible. 

Eighth. — The conductors shall not allow ladies or 
children to enter or leave the cars while in motion. 
Other passengers may be allowed to enter the cars and 
depart therefrom, while the cars are at a full stop, or 
nearly stopped. 

Ninth. — Conductors shall announce to the passengers 
the names of the squares and principal streets as the 
car reaches them. 

Tenth. — Whenever there shall occur a fall of snow 



124 HOESE EAILROADS. 

of sufficient depth to allow vehicles to pass over the 
same on runners, no snow plough shall be allowed to 
pass over the several tracks of the Street or Horse 
Eailroad Corporations, within the limits of the City of 
Boston, nor shall the respective corporations cause or 
allow snow to be removed from their several tracks 
without consent being first obtained of the Superinten- 
dent of Streets, with the approbation of the Committee 
on Paving. The consent for the removal of the snow 
for the opening of the tracks being refused, the several 
corporations are authorized to use a sufficient number 
of sleighs to convey passengers requiring a transit over 
their respective roads, day by day, until the cars can be 
used on the tracks. 

Eleventh. — The several corporations shall not sprinkle 
salt or any article of a decomposing nature on their 
tracks or rails, or cause or allow the same to be done 
by any of their agents, for the purpose of melting the 
snow ; or wash, or cause to be washed by any of their 
agents, the said tracks and rails with brine or jDickle, 
for a like purpose, unless a permit is granted by the 
Superintendent of Streets allowing the same to be done, 
and said permit shall only be granted when the use of 
said articles will not be detrimental to vehicles on run- 
ners crossing the tracks and rails. 

Tivelfth. — The several corporations shall place and 
keep placed, a printed copy of all the rules and regula- 
tions of the Board of Aldermen, in a conspicuous posi- 
tion in each car run upon their respective roads. 



RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 125 

LOCATIONS. 

METROPOLITAN RAILEOAD. 

The tracks of the Metropohtan Railroad shall be lo- 
cated as follows : but on the express condition to the loca- 
tion, that said railroad company shall, at all times after 
the rails are laid down, keep in good order and complete re- 
pair^ at their oivn expense, that portion of all streets through 
which the said rails are or may be laid, lying between 
the rails, and also that portion of the street lying outside 
of the rails and adjacent thereto, extending one foot 
and a half from and outside of each rail throuo;hout the 
whole length of said road in the streets of the City of 
Boston. 

Two trades in Washington street, from the boundary line 
between the cities of Boston and Roxbury to Dover 
street. 

Two trades in Tremont street, from the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury to the Boston and Wor- 
cester Railroad bridge crossing. 

One track in Tremont street, from the Boston and Wor- 
cester Railroad bridge crossing to Boylston street. 

Two tracks in Tremont street, from Boylston street to a 
point opposite the Granary Burying Ground. 

One track in Shawmut Avenue, from the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury to Dover street. 

One track in Springfield street, from Washington street 
to Tremont street. 

One track in Waltham street^ from Washington street to 
Tremont street. 

One track in Dover street, from Washington street to 
Tremont street. \_Passed Aug. 7, 1855.] 



126 EAILROAD LOCATIONS. 



Second Location. 

In addition to the right already granted to the Me- 
tropohtan Railroad Company, to lay down tracks in sev- 
eral streets of the City of Boston, the said Company 
shall have the right to lay down a single track through 
Washington street, from Dover street to Boylston street, 
thence through Boyhton street to Tremont street. 

The said single track to be laid down in the centre 
of the road-ways of said Washington and Boylston 
streets ; and the distance between the edge-stones and 
the rail on each side shall not be less than nine feet, 
except at the curve at Tremont street. 

The right to lay down this additional track is under 
the proviso, that said Metropolitan Railroad Company 
agree to comply with the express conditions contained 
in the order of location passed by the Board of Alder- 
men August 6, 1855, in relation to keeping in good 
order the portion of the streets lying between the rails 
and that portion of the streets lying outside of the 
rails and adjacent thereto, extending one foot and a 
half from and outside of each rail ; also, that the whole 
work of laying down the tracks granted by this order 
and by the order of August 7, 1855, be done under the 
direction and to the satisfaction of the Committee on 
Paving and the Superintendent of Streets. The form 
of rail to be used to be satisfactory to the Committee 
on Paving and the Superintendent of Streets, and to 
be approved by them. \_Passed Aug. 7, 1856.] 



RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 127 



CAMBRIDGE RAILROAD. 



Commencing at the intersection of the West Boston 
Bridge with Cambridge street, thence with a double 
track through Cambridge street from the bridge to Cham- 
bers street, thence with a single track through Chambers 
street to Green street and Green street to Bowdoin 
Square, across Boivdoin Square to Cambridge street, 
thence down Cambridge street to Chambers street, with 
suitable turnouts in Bowdoin Square. 

In the streets where the double track is laid, the outer 
rail of each track shall be not less than nine feet six inches 
distant from the curb-stone ; and where a single track is 
laid, the outer rail shall be not less than twelve feet and 
three inches from the opposite curb-stone, excepting 
the necessary curves at the corners of the street. 

The gauge of the tracks shall be four feet eight and 
a half inches in width ; the rails of the same size and 
pattern as those now in use on the Third Avenue Rail- 
road, in New York city. The method of construction 
to be similar to that adopted on the railroads in the 
city of New York, and the whole work to be done subject 
to the directions, and to the satisfaction of the Board of 
Mayor and Aldermen and the Superintendent of Streets. 
\_Passed Dec. 4, 1854.] 



MIDDLESEX RAILROAD. 



Commencing at Warren Bridge, and running thence 
across Causeimy street to Beverly street ; thence upon 
and as near the centre of said Beverly street as may be, 



128 EAILUOAD LOCATIONS. 

to Charlestown street, and upon the centre of said 
CharUstoion street^ to a point where the northerly Hne 
of Haverhill street, extended easterly, would intersect 
the line of said track ; thence turning back upon said 
Charlestoivn street and upon the centre of said street to 
Causeway street; thence upon said street and in. the 
centre of the same to Charles River Bridge — the same 
to be with a single track only, except upon that portion 
of Charlestown street between Beverly street and Hay- 
market Square ; the gauge of said track not to exceed 
four feet and eleven inches ; the rails to be of the same 
size and pattern as are used on the Third Avenue Rail- 
road in the city of New York ; the method of construc- 
tion to be similar to that on the railroads in the city of 
New York, the work to be done to the satisfaction of 
the Superintendent of Streets and of the Committee 
on Paving. \_Passed Sept. 18, 1855.] 

By an order passed September 27, 1856, the Middle- 
sex Railroad Company were authorized to lay down the 
"Dorchester Avenue Rail," instead of the rail mentioned 
in the order above. 

Second Location. 

Commencing at the termination of the track, as 
already located and laid down in Charlestown street, 
and running there with a double track across Haymarket 
Square, between the Boston and Maine Railroad depot 
and the " Fountain Enclosed," to a point on the line 
with the edge-stone on the northerly side of Merrimac 
street, there to terminate. The distance between the 
edge-stone and the outer rail on each side shall not be 
less than nine feet, except at the " Fountain Enclosed." 



RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 129 

The exact location of the two tracks shall be ap- 
proved by the Committee on Paving and the Superin- 
tendent of Streets, to whose satisfaction the whole work 
of laying down the tracks shall be done. The work of 
laying down the tracks granted under the authority of 
this order is not be commenced before the first day 
of April, 1857. IPassed Dec. 27, 1856.] 

By an order passed May 11, 1857, leave was granted 
to the Middlesex Railroad Company to change the loca- 
tion of their track in Charlestown street from Cooper 
street to Hajnnarket Square, so that the same shall be 
more in the centre of said street. 



DORCHESTER AVENUE RAILROAD. 

Commencing on Dorchester Avenue, at the dividing line 
between the town of Dorchester and the city of Boston, 
and running upon or near the centre of said avenue to 
the North Free Bridge, thence upon and over the centre 
of said bridge to Sea street, thence upon or over the 
centre of Sea street to Broad street, thence upon or near 
the centre of Broad street to a point near the junction 
of Broad street and State street ; said track to be a single 
one throughout said route, with two turnouts, one on 
Broad street near the foot of Summer street, and one 
on .Dorchester Avenue ; said turnouts not to exceed 100 
feet each in length. 

The gauge of said track not to exceed more than 

four feet and eleven inches in width ; — the rails to be 

of the same size and pattern as are used on the Third 

Avenue Railroad in the city of New York ; — the 

17 



130 RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 

method of construction to be similar to that adopted 
on the railroads in New York ; — the work to be done 
to the satisfaction of the Superintendent of Streets and 
the Committee on Bridges. l_Fassed Dec. 30, 1854.] 

By an order passed August 19, 1856, the Dorchester 
Avenue Eailroad Company were authorized to con- 
struct tivo additional turnouts, or side tracks, not more 
than one hundred and twenty-five feet each in length, 
one at the end of their road in Broad street, and the 
other in Dorchester Avenue in South Boston, near Wash- 
ington Village, and seven hundred feet north of Dexter 
street. 

By an order passed August 19, 1856, the Dorchester 
Avenue Railroad Company were authorized to lay their 
track in Dorchester Avenue, south of Foundry street, at 
a distance from the centre of the street to the centre of the 
trade, not exceeding four feet. 

By an order passed August 8, 1857, the Dorchester 
Avenue Railroad Company were authorized to con- 
struct a turnout in Dorchester Avenue, opposite the 
car-house. 



MOUNT WASHINGTON AVENUE RAILROAD. 

Commencing with a single track at the Worcester Rail- 
road Freight Depot on the southerly side of Kneelq,nd 
street, thence continuing on the said southerly side of 
Kneeland street to Sea street, thence across Sea street, 
thence upon and over said avenue with a double track 
to the foot of I street. South Boston. 

The gauge of said track to he four feet eight and one 



RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 131 

half inches, and where a single track is laid the outer 
rail shall not be less than twelve feet and three inches 
from the opposite curb-stone ; the rails shall be of the 
same size and pattern as those used on the Third Ave- 
nue Eailroad, in New York ; the method of construc- 
tion to be similar to that adopted on the railroads in 
New York; and the work to be done to the satisfaction 
of the Superintendent of Streets. 

And provided also, that, at any time after the expira- 
tion of one year from the opening for use of said rail- 
road, the tracks of said road may be removed by the 
Board of Aldermen of said city, if in their opinion the 
public convenience shall require it. [Passed Dec. 30, 
1854.] 



BROADWAY RAILROAD. 

The tracks of the Broadway Railroad are located as 
follows ; but on the express condition to the location, 
that said railroad company shall at all times, after the 
rails are laid down, keep in good order and complete 
repair, at their own expense, that portion of all the 
streets through which the said rails are or may be laid, 
lying between the rails, and also that portion of the 
street lying outside of the rails and adjacent thereto, 
extending one foot and a half from and outside of each 
rail throughout the whole length of said railroad, in the 
streets of the City of Boston. 

The repairing to be done at all times to the satisfac- 
tion of the Superintendent of Streets. 

One track in the centre of Fourth street, from the 
junction of Fourth street with P street to K street. 



132 RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 

One track in the centre of K street, from FoLirth 
street to Broadway. 

Two tracks in the centre of Broadway, from K street 
to the track of the Dorchester Avenue Railroad, in 
Dorchester Avenue. 

One track in Dorchester Avenue, from Broadway to 
the Federal Street Bridge, alongside of the track of the 
Dorchester Avenue Eailroad. 

A turnout in Federal street, to connect with the track 
of the Dorchester Avenue Railroad, conmencing at the 
southerly side of Lehigh street, so called, and terminat- 
ing a distance of one hundred feet therefrom. 

One track in the centre of Kneeland street, from 
Federal street to South street. 

One track in the centre of South street, from Knee- 
land to Summer street. 

One track in Summer street, from South street to the 
track of the Dorchester Avenue Railroad in Federal 
street. 

One track in the centre of Summer street, from South 
street to a point terminating at a distance of thirty feet 
from the edge-stone in front of the New South Church, 
with a suitable turnout not exceeding one hundred feet 
in length connected therewith, and extending to the 
same distance from the said edge- stone of the New South 
Church ; — which turnout shall be located in such posi- 
tion as the Committee on Paving and the Superintendent 
of Streets shall direct. 

The stations to be as follows : — One at the junction 
of Broadway and Dorchester street; one at the stable 
in Broadway, between H and I streets ; one at the junc- 
tion of P and Fourth streets, with a suitable turnout at 



EAILROAD LOCATIONS. 133 

each station. The length of the turnouts at the respec- 
tive stations to be determined by the Committee on 
Paving and the Superintendent of Streets, but in no in- 
stance to exceed two hundred feet in length. 

The location of the turnout above specified in Federal 
street, between the Federal Street Bridge to Kneeland 
street, is granted upon the express condition that it 
shall not be laid down until the assent is given in writ- 
ing by the Dorchester Avenue Railroad Company, and 
said assent filed with the City Clerk, that the track of 
the said Dorchester Avenue Railroad in Federal street 
shall be so changed as that when the additional track 
for the turnout of the Broadway Railroad Company 
shall have been laid down in said Federal street, the 
two tracks of the two companies shall occupy the cen- 
tre of said street, and the distance from the outer rail 
of each track to the edge-stone of the sidewalk shall not 
be less than nine feet. 

The location of the tracks, as above described, is 
granted, with the further express condition that the 
whole work of laying down the said tracks, shall be 
done under the direction and to the satisfaction of the 
Superintendent of Streets. 

The form of rail to be used to be satisfactory^ to the 
Committee on Paving and the Superintendent of Streets^ 
and to be approved by them. 

The location of the tracks, as above described, in 
Kneeland, South, and Summer streets, is granted with 
the further express condition, that the said track shall 
not be used by any other horse railroad corporation 
without an express vote of the Board of Aldermen. 
[Fassed March 24, 1858.] 



134 RAILROAD LOCATIONS. 

By an order passed August 3, 1858, leave was granted 
to the Broadway Eailroad Company to connect their 
track with the track of the Dorchester Avenue Bailroad 
on Federal street, by laying near the foot of Summer street 
two tracks, one curving to the right and the other 
curving to the left, of such length and laid in such man- 
ner as the Superintendent of Streets shall direct. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 



Section 1. The Mayor, and in his absence, the Chair- 
man of the Board, shall take the chair at the hour to 
which the Board shall have adjourned, and shall call 
the members to order, and a quorum being present, 
shall cause the minutes of the preceding regular meet- 
ing to be read ; and in the absence of the Mayor and 
Chairman, the senior member present shall preside as 
chairman 'pro tempore. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order ; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Board, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, he shall cause a return of the 
members voting in the affirmative, and in the negative, 
without debate on the question. 



136 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect, 4. He may read sitting, but shall rise to state 
a motion or put a question to the Board. 

Sect. 5. When the Mayor shall desire to vacate the 
chair, he shall call the Chairman of the Board to take 
it, and in his absence, the senior member present. 
When the Chairman of the Board or the Chairman fro 
tempore shall desire to vacate the chair, he may call any 
member to it, but such substitution shall not continue 
beyond an adjournment. 

Sect. 6. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the Chair shall take the sense of the Board by yeas 
and nays, provided any member shall so require. And 
every Ordinance, Eesolution or Order, (except Orders 
of Notice, Papers from the Common Council, Orders of 
Inquiry, and Orders relating to the Departments of In- 
ternal and External Health,) after being read, shall be 
laid on the table before its consideration by the Board ; 
and no such Ordinance, Resolution or Order (except 
as above) shall be considered at the same meeting at 
which it is offered, except by special vote. 

Sect. 7. The Chair shall propound all questions in 
the order in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 8. After a motion is stated or read by the 
Chair, it shall be deemed to be in possession of the 
Board, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the mover 
may withdraw it at any time before a decision or 
amendment. 

Sect. 9. When a question is under debate, the Chair 
shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to lay on the 



Rides and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 137 

table, to postpone to a day certain, to commit, to amend, 
or to postpone indefinitely ; which several motions shall 
have precedence in the order in which they stand ar- 
ranged ; and a motion to strike out the enacting clause 
of an Ordinance shall be equivalent to a motion to 
postpone indefinitely. 

Sect. 10. The Chair shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order, except on an immediate 
repetition ; and that motion, and the motion to lay on 
the table, or to take up from the table, shall be decided 
without debate. 

Sect. 11. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member to move a reconsideration there- 
of, at the same or the succeeding regular meeting, but 
not afterward ; and when a motion for reconsideration 
is decided, that vote shall not be reconsidered. 

Sect. 12. Every member when about to speak, shall 
rise and respectfully address the Chair ; shall confine 
himself to the question under debate, and avoid per- 
sonalities. 

Sect. 13. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to a call to order, or for ex- 
planation. 

Sect. 14. No member shall be permitted to vote, or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 
private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 15. Every member, who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Board, for special reasons, 
shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, on any 
question, must be made before the Board is divided, or 
18 



138 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

before the calling of the yeas aiad nays, and such appli- 
cation shall be accompanied by a brief statement of the 
reasons, and shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 16. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the Chair shall so direct. 

Sect. 17. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert, shall be deemed indivisible; 
but a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment, or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 18. No motion or proposition of a subject dif- 
ferent from that under consideration, shall be admitted 
under color of amendment. 

Sect. 19. Motions and reports may be committed 
or recommitted, at the pleasure of the Board. 

Sect. 20. When a vote is doubted, the members for 
and against the question, when called on by the Chair, 
shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 21. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 22. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the following order : — 

1st. To a Standing Committee of the Board ; 

2d. To a Select Committee of the Board ; 

3d. To a Joint Standing Committee ; 

4 th. To a Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 23. The following Standing Committees of the 
Board, to consist of three members each, shaU be ap- 
pointed by the Mayor : — 

Committee on Armories and Military Affairs — Bridges 
— Cemeteries — Common and Public Squares — County 



Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 139 

Accounts — Fire Department — Faneuil Hall (to be com- 
posed of the Committee on Public Buildings on the 
part of this Board ) — External Health — Internal 
Health — Lamps, Bells, and Clocks — Laying out and 
Widening Streets — Licenses — Jail — Market — Paving 
and Repairs of Streets — Police — Sewers and Drains — 
Steam Engines and Furnaces. All other Committees, 
unless otherwise provided for, or specially directed 
by the Board, shall be appointed by the Chair. 

Sect. 24. At every regular meeting of the Board 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Communications from his Honor the Mayor. 

2. Presentation of petitions, memorials and remon- 
strances. 

3. Papers from the Common Council. 

4. Reports of City Officers. 
6. Reports of Committees. 

6. Motions, orders and resolutions. 

And the above order of business shall not be departed 
from, but by the votes of a majority of the members of 
the Board present. 

Sect. 25. Each Committee elected on the part of 
this Board shall organize at its first meeting by the 
choice of a Chairman, and shall report the same to this 
Board, and in all cases where the Chair appoints a 
Committee, unless otherwise provided for, the member 
first named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the 
member next in order, who shall be present, shall be 
Chairman pro tempore. 

Sect. 26. Committees of the Board, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report^ 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 



140 Rules and Orders of the Board of Aldermen. 

Sect. 27. No Standing or Special Committee of the 
Board of Aldermen shall have power to make any ex- 
penditure from the appropriations provided by the City 
Council to an amount exceeding Jive hundred dollars, 
(except where otherwise provided in the ordinances of 
the city, or by express vote of the Board,) unless au- 
thority for such expenditure be first had and obtained 
from the Mayor and Aldermen. 

Sect. 28. The foregoing rules shall not be altered, 
amended, suspended or repealed at any time, except by 
the vote of two-thirds of the members of the Board 
present at the time. 



JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 



CITY COUNCIL 



Section 1. At the commencement of the Municipal 
Year, the following Joint Standing Committees shall 
be chosen by ballot, viz : — 

A committee on Finance, to consist of the Mayor, the 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, and seven mem- 
bers of the Common Coimcil. 

A committee on Accounts, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

And the following committees shall be appointed, 
viz: — 

A committee on Piihlic Lands, to consist of three Al- 
dermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Buildings, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Public Instruction, to consist of three 
Aldermen, and the President and four members of the 
Common Council. 

A committee on Institutions at South Boston and 
Deer Island, to consist of three Aldermen and five 
members of the Common Council. 



142 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

A committee on Fuel, to consist of two Aldermen 
and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Water, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on the Treasury Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Assessors' Department, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on the Harhor, to consist of two Alder- 
men and three members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Printing, to consist of one Alderman 
and two members of the Common Council. 

A committee on PuUic Lihrary, to consist of three 
Aldermen and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Ordinances, to consist of three Alder- 
men and five members of the Common Council. 

A committee on Telegraphic Fire Alarms, to consist 
of two Aldermen and three members of the Common 
Council. 

A committee on Claims, to consist of three Aldermen 
and five members of the Common Council, who shall 
have full power and authority to investigate all claims 
against the City, and to take any measures for the de- 
fence of such claims that they may deem expedient, 
and also under the advice of the Mayor to adjust and 
settle all claims not exceeding the sum of $500. 

The members of the Board of Aldermen and of the 
Common Council, who shall constitute the Joint Stand- 
ing Committees, shall be chosen or appointed by their 
respective Boards. 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Cotmcil. 143 

The Mayor, the President of the Common Council, 
and the Chairman of the Committee on Finance on the 
part of the Common Council, shall, according to the 
Ordinance, constitute the Committee on the Reduction 
ofthe City Deht. 

The member of the Board of Aldermen first named 
on every Joint Committee, of which the Mayor is not 
a member, shall be its Chairman ; and in case of his 
resignation or inability, the other members of the 
same Board, in the order in which they are named, and 
after them the member of the Common Council first 
in order, shall call meetings of the Committee and act 
as Chairman. 

Sect. 2. In every case of disagreement between the 
two branches of the City Council, if either Board shall 
request a conference, and appoint a Committee of Con- 
ference, and the other Board shall also appoint a Com- 
mittee to confer, such Committee shall at a convenient 
hour, to be agreed upon by their Chairman, meet and 
state to each other verbally or in writing, as either shall 
choose, the reasons of their respective Boards for and 
against the matter in controversy, confer freely thereon, 
and report to their respective branches. 

Sect. 3. When either Board shall not concur in any 
action of the other, notice of such non-concurrence 
shall be given by written message. 

Sect. 4. Either Board may propose to the other, 
for its concurrence, a time to which both Boards shall 
adjourn. 

Sect. 5. All By-Laws passed by the City Council, 
shall be termed " Ordinances," and the enacting style 
shall be : — Be it ordained by the Aldermen and Com- 



144 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

mon Council of the City of Boston, in City Council 
assembled. 

Sect. 6. In all votes, when either or both branches 
of the City Council express any thing by way of com- 
mand, the form of expression shall be " Ordered ; " and 
whenever either or both branches express opinions, 
principles, facts, or purposes, the form shall be " Re- 
solved." 

Sect. 7. In the present and every future financial 
year, the specific appropriations for the several objects 
enumerated in the general appropriation bill shall be 
deemed and taken to be the maximum amount to be 
expended by the several Committees having the charge 
thereof for the entire financial year, and shall be ex- 
pended with a proper regard thereto ; and after the 
annual order of appropriations shall have been passed, 
no subsequent expenditures shall be authorized for any 
object, unless provision for the same shall be made by 
special transfer from some of the appropriations con- 
tained in such annual order, or by expressly creating 
therefor a City Debt ; in which cases the order shall not 
be passed, unless two-thirds of the whole number of 
each branch of the City Council shall vote in the affirm- 
ative, by vote taken by yea and nay. And no Joint 
Standing or Special Committee shall have power to 
make any expenditure from the appropriations provid- 
ed by the City Council, to an amount exceeding three 
hundred dollars (except where otherwise ordered in the 
Joint Rules or Ordinances of the City), unless authority 
for such expenditure be first had and obtained from the 
City Council. 

Sect. 8. In all contracts or expenditures to be made 



Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 145 

under the authority of the City Council, whenever 
the estimates shall exceed the appropriations specially 
made therefor, or whenever any Committee shall have 
expended the sum specially appropriated for their use, 
in the order of appro|)riation for the year, and in either 
case shall require a further sum — it shall be the duty of 
such Committee having such matter in charge, to sub- 
mit the fact to the City Council for instructions, accom- 
panied with a detailed statement in print, of the cause 
or causes which have created the necessity for such ap- 
plication, and the object for which the same is needed. 
And no contract shall be made, or expenditure author- 
ized in either case, unless by a specific vote of the City 
Council first making the necessary provision for the 
payment resulting therefrom ; * and no debt shall be 
created, or transfer from one special appropriation to 
another be made, until such report or statement shall 
have been submitted to the City Council, by the Com- 
mittee requiring the same. 

Sect. 9. Joint Standing Committees shall cause 
records to be kept of their proceedings by a Secretary, 
to be chosen at their first meeting, in books provided by 
the City for that purpose. No Committee shall act by 
separate consultations ; and no report shall be received 
unless agreed to in Committee actually assembled. 

Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of every Joint Com- 
mittee, to whom any subject may be specially referred. 



* Committees not only have not the right to make expenditures for any purpose 
beyond the amount which has been previously appropriated for it; but they have not 
the right to expend the appropriation, or any part of it, even, unless that right is first 
conferred upon them by the body from which they are appointed. 

J. P HEALY, City Solicitor. 
Dec, 1858. 

19 



146 Joint Rules and Orders of the City Council. 

to report thereon within four weeks, or to ask for fur- 
ther time. 

Sect. 11. All reports and other papers submitted to 
the City Council, shall be written in a fair hand, and no 
report or endorsement of any kind shall be made on 
the reports, memorials, or other papers referred to the 
Committee of either branch. All reports shall be signed 
by the writers thereof, unless otherwise directed by the 
Committee. And the Clerks shall make copies of any 
papers to be reported by Committees, at the request of 
the respective Chairmen thereof 

Sect. 12. No Chairman of any Committee shall 
audit or approve any bill or account against the City, 
for any supplies or services which shall not have been 
ordered or authorized by the Committee. 

Sect. 13. No bills shall be approved by the Com- 
mittee on Accounts for refreshments or carriage hire 
furnished to any member of the City Government, 
unless said bills, so contracted, are approved by the 
Chairman or a majority of some Standing or Special 
Committee of either branch of the City Council. 



RULES AND ORDERS 



COMMON COUNCIL. 



Duties and Potvers of the President, 

Section 1. The President shall take the chair precisely 
at the hour to which the Council shall have adjourned ; 
shall call the members to order; and on the appear- 
ance of a quorum, cause the minutes of the preceding 
meeting to be read, and proceed to business. 

Sect. 2. He shall preserve decorum and order; may 
speak to points of order in preference to other mem- 
bers ; and shall decide all questions of order, subject to 
an appeal to the Council, by motion regularly seconded ; 
and no other business shall be in order till the question 
on the appeal shall have been decided. 

Sect. 3. He shall declare all votes, but if any mem- 
ber rises to doubt a vote, the President shall cause a 
return of the members voting in the affirmative, and 
in the negative, without further debate on the ques- 
tion. 

Sect. 4. He shall rise to address the Council, or to 
put a question, but may read sitting. 

Sect. 5. In all cases the President may vote. 



148 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

Sect. 6. When the Council shall determine to go 
into a Committee of the Whole, the President shall 
appoint the member who shall take the chair. The 
President may at any other time call any member to 
the chair, but said substitution shall not continue be- 
yond an adjournment. 

Sect. 7. On all questions and motions whatsoever, 
the President shall take the sense of the Council by 
yeas and nays, provided one-fifth of the members pres- 
ent shall so require. 

Sect. 8. The President shall propound all questions 
in the order in which they are moved, unless the subse- 
quent motion shall be previous in its nature, except 
that in the naming sums and fixing times, the largest 
sum and longest time shall be put first. 

Sect. 9. After a motion is stated or read by the 
President, it shall be deemed to be in possession of 
the Council, and shall be disposed of by vote, but the 
mover may withdraw it at any time before a decision 
or amendment. 

Sect. 10. When a question is imder debate, the 
President shall receive no motion, but to adjourn, to 
lay on the table, for the previous question, to postpone 
to a day certain, to commit, to amend, or to postpone 
indefinitely; which several motions shall have prece- 
dence in the order in which they stand arranged ; and 
a motion to strike out the enacting clause of an Ordi- 
nance shall be equivalent to a motion to postpone in- 
definitely. 

Sect. 11. The President shall consider a motion to 
adjourn as always in order ; and that motion, and the 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 149 

motion to lay on the table, or to take up from the table, 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 12. He shall put the previous question in the 
following form : "/Shall the main question he now put? " and 
all debate upon the main question shall be suspended 
until the previous question shall be decided. After the 
adoption of the previous question, the sense of the 
Council shall forthwith be taken upon amendments re 
ported by a committee, upon all pending amendments, 
and then upon the main question. 

Sect. 13. On the previous question, no member shall 
speak more than once without leave ; and all incidental 
questions of order, arising after a motion is made for 
the previous question, shall be decided without debate, 
except on an appeal ; and on such an appeal, no mem- 
ber shall be allowed to speak more than once without 
leave of the Council. 

Sect. 14. When two or more members happen to 
rise at once, the President shall name the member who 
is first to speak. 

Sect. 15. All Committees shall be appointed and 
announced by the President, unless otherwise provided 
for, or especially directed by the Council. 

Rights, Duties, or Decorum of Meinhers. 

Sect. 16. In the absence of the President, the senior 
member present shall call the Council to order, and 
preside until a President pro tempore shall be chosen by 
ballot ; and if an election is not effected on the first 
-trial, on a second ballot a plurality of votes shall elect. 

Sect. 17. , Every member when about to speak, shall 



150 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

rise and respectfully address the President ; shall con- 
fine himself to the question under debate, and avoid 
personalities ; and shall sit down when he has finished. 
No member shall speak out of his place, without leave 
of the President. 

Sect. 18. No member speaking shall be interrupted 
by another, but by rising to call to order, or for expla- 
nation. 

Sect. 19. No member shall speak more than twice 
on one question, without first obtaining leave of the 
Council ; nor more than once, until the other members, 
who have not spoken, shall speak, if they desire it. 

Sect. 20. When a vote has passed, it shall be in 
order for any member who voted in the majority, to 
move a reconsideration thereof, at the same or the suc- 
ceeding meeting, but not afterwards ; and when a mo- 
tion for reconsideration is decided, that vote shall not 
be reconsidered. 

Sect. 21. No member shall be obliged to be on more 
than two Committees at the same time, nor Chairman 
of more than one. 

Sect. 22. No member shall be permitted to stand up 
to the interruption of another, while any member is 
speaking ; or to pass unnecessarily between the Presi- 
dent and the person speaking. 

Sect. 23. When any member shall be guilty of a 
breach of either of the rules and orders of the Council, 
he may, on motion, be required by the Council to make 
satisfaction therefor ; and in such a case, he shall not be 
allowed to vote or speak, except by way of excuse, till 
he has done so. 

Sect. 24. No member shall be permitted to vote or 
serve on any Committee, on any question where his 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 151 

private right is immediately concerned, distinct from 
the public interest. 

Sect. 25. Every member who shall be present when 
a question is put, where he is not excluded by interest, 
shall give his vote, unless the Council, for special rea- 
sons, shall excuse him ; application to be so excused, 
on any question, must be made before the Council is 
divided, or before the calling of the yeas and nays, and 
such application shall be accompanied by a brief state- 
ment of the reasons, and shall be decided on without 
debate. 

Sect. 26. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, 
if the President shall so direct. 

Sect. 27. Any member may require the division of 
a question, when the sense will admit of it. A motion 
to strike out and insert shall be deemed indivisible ; but 
a motion to strike out, being lost, shall not preclude 
amendment or a motion to strike out and insert. 

Sect. 28. No motion or proposition, of a subject 
different from that under consideration, shall be admit- 
ted under color of amendment. 

Sect. 29. Motions and reports may be committed or 
recommitted at the pleasure of the Council. 

Sect. 30. At every regular meeting of the Council, 
the order of business shall be as follows : — 

1. Papers from the Board of Aldermen. 

2. Unfinished business of preceding meetings. 

3. Communications and Reports from City Officers, 
Presentation of Petitions, Eemonstrances, and Memo- 
rials. 

4. Reports of Committees. 

5. Motions, Orders or Resolutions. 



152 Rules and Orders of the Com,mo?i Council. 



And the above order shall, not be departed from but 
by the votes of a majority of the members of the Coun- 
cil present. 

Sect. 31. When a vote is doubted, the members for 
and against the question, when called on by the Presi- 
dent, shall rise and stand till they are counted. 

Sect. 32. All questions relating to priority of busi- 
ness to be acted upon, shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 33. When a motion is made to refer any sub- 
ject, and different Committees are proposed, the ques- 
tion shall be taken in the following order : — 

A Standing Committee of the Council ; 

A Select Committee of the Council ; 

A Joint Standing Committee ; 

A Joint Select Committee. 

Sect. 34. The seats of the members of the Council 
shall be numbered, and shall be determined, in the 
presence of the Council, by drawing the names of mem- 
bers, and the numbers of the seats, simultaneously ; 
and each member shall be entitled for the year to the 
seat bearing the number so drawn against his name ; 
and shall not change it except by permission of the 
President. 

Sect. 35. No member shall call another member by 
his name in debate, but may allude to him by any in- 
telligible and respectful designation. 

Sect. 36. If the reading of any paper is called for, 
and any member objects thereto, it shall be decided by 
the Council. 

Sect. 37. No rule or order of the Council shall be 
dispensed with, altered or repealed, unless two-thirds of 
the members present consent thereto. 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 153 



Petitiom, Memorials, &g. 

Sect. 38. All papers addressed to the Council shall 
be presented by the President, or a member in his 
place, and shall be read by the President, Clerk, or such 
other person as the President may request ; and shall 
be taken up in the order in which they are presented, 
except when the Council shall otherwise determine. 

Powers and Duties of Committees, &c. 

^ECT. 39. The rules of proceeding in the Council 
shall be observed in Committee of the Whole, so far 
as they are applicable, excepting the rule limiting the 
times of speaking ; but no member shall speak twice 
upon any question, until every member choosing to 
speak has spoken. A motion to rise, report progress 
and ask leave to sit again, shall be first in order, and 
shall be decided without debate. 

Sect. 40. A Standing Committee on Elections and 
Eeturns, and a Standing Committee on Streets, shall be 
appointed at the commencement of the municipal year, 
and shall consist of five members each. 

Sect. 41. No Committee shall sit during the sessions 
of the Council, without special leave. 

Sect. 42. All Committees of the Council, chosen by 
ballot, or consisting of one or more from each ward, 
shall be notified of their first meeting by the Clerk, by 
the direction of the President; they shall organize at 
their first meeting, by the choice of a Chairman, and 
shall report the same to the Council ; and members on 
20 



154 Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 

the part of the Council, of Joint Committees, chosen as 
aforesaid, shall choose a Chairman at their first meet- 
ing, and report to the Council in like manner. 

In all cases where the President appoints a Commit- 
tee, unless otherwise provided for, the member first 
named shall be Chairman, and in his absence the mem- 
ber next in order, who shall be present, shall be Chair- 
man jkto tempore. 

Sect. 43. All Select Committees of the Council shall 
consist of three members, unless otherwise ordered. 

Sect. 44. No Report of any Committee shall be 
entitled to be received, unless agreed to in Committee 
assembled. 

Sect. 45. No meeting of any Committee shall be 
called upon less notice than twenty-four hours. 

Sect. 46. It shall be the duty of all Standing Com- 
mittees to keep a record of their doings, in books pro- 
vided by the City for that purpose. 

Sect. 47. Committees of the Council, to whom any 
matter is specially referred, may be required to report 
within four weeks, or ask for further time. 



Ordinances, Orders, &c. 

Sect. 48. All Ordinances, Orders and Resolutions 
shall have two several readings, before they are finally 
passed ; and no Ordinance, Order or Resolution, impos- 
ing penalties, or authorizing the expenditure of money, 
whether the same may have been appropriated or not 
— and no Order or Resolution authorizing a loan, shall 
have more than one reading on the same day ; provided, 



Rules and Orders of the Common Council. 155 

however, that nothing herein contained shall prevent 
the passage of an Order at any meeting of the Council, 
to authorize the printing of any document relating to 
the affairs of the city. 

Electwns, &c. 

Sect. 49. In all elections by ballot on the part of 
the Council, the number of blanks and ballots for ineli- 
gible persons shall be reported, but shall not be counted 
in the returns. 

Sect. 60. All salary officers shall be voted for by 
written ballots. 

Duties of ClerJc, &e. 

Sect. 51. The Clerk shall keep minutes of the votes 
and proceedings of the Council, enter thereon such 
orders and resolutions, as are adopted, by their title or 
otherwise, — shall notice Keports, Petitions, Memorials 
and other papers which are presented, and shall enter 
all accepted Reports of Select Committees of the Coun- 
cil, at length in a separate journal, to be kept for that 
purpose, and provided with an index, — shall draw up 
all messages to the Board of Aldermen, and send them 
by the Messenger, and shall attend the meetings of 
Committees of the Council, and make their records 
when required. 

Sect. 52. The members of the Council shall not 
leave their places on adjournment, until the President 
shall declare the Council adjourned. 




BOSTON, MASS. 

i;;,-)M. 




GOVERNMENT 



CITY OF BOSTON. 



18 5 9. 



MAYOR. 

FREDERIC WALKER LINCOLN, J 

64 PiNCKNEY Street. 



[Salary, $4,000. Charter, § 15.] 



ALDERMEN 



SILAS PEIRCE, 
SILAS PEIRCE, . 
TIMOTHY ALLEN SUMNER, 
SAMUEL DEXTER CRANE, 
CHARLES EMERSON, . 
GEORGE DENNIE, 
GEORGE AUGUSTUS CURTIS, 
JESSE HOLBROOK, . 
EBENEZER ATKINS, . 
CLEMENT WILLIS, . 
WILLIAM WELDEN ALLEN, 
JOSEPH TILDEN BAILEY, 
THOMAS COFFIN AMORY, Jr. 



Chairman. 

2 Somerset street. 

2 East Brookline st. 
. 50 Chester square. 
. 11 Green street. . 

9 McLean street. 
. 279 Tremont street. 

2 Wesley place. 
. 66 Paris street. 
. 11 Essex street. 
. 262 Fourth street. 
. 102 Harrison avenue. 
, . 15 Temple place. 



158 



COMMON COUNCIL. 

JOSIAH PUTNAM BRADLEE, President. 



William Parkman, 
John W. Bartlett; 
Samuel B. Krogman, 
Cornelius Doherty, 



William C. Ford, 
Daniel D. Kelly, . 
Gilbert E. Pierce, 
Joseph Robbins, . 



Ward 1. 



Ward 2. 



18 Sheaf e street, 

16 North Bennet street. 

32 Hull street. 

23 Sheafe street. 



47 Saratoga street. 

Lexington street. 
194 Sumner street. 
28 Havre street. 



Ward 3. 



Horace Poland, . 
John C. Tucker, . 
William C. Burgess, 
Thomas Mooney, . 



J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Erancis B. Faxon, 
Francis D. Stedman, . 
William C. Williamson, 



Joseph L. Bates, . 
Jairus Beal, 
Lucius Slade, 
Theophilus Burr, Jr., 



Ward 4. 



Ward 5, 



24 Andover street. 
69 Merrimac street. 
48 Portland street. 
41 Billerica street. 



17 Ashburton place. 
30 Temple street. 
6 Montgomery place. 
46 Court street. 



57 Allen street. 

32 Allen street. 

33 Poplar street. 
10 Poplar street. 



159 



Ward 6. 



Tisdale Drake, . 
John G. Webster, 
John H. Robinson, 
Philip H. Sears, . 



Henrj E. Bayley, 
Jabez Frederick, . 
Charles J. McCarthy, 
James Riley, 



Timothy R. Page, 
John S. Tyler, . 
Jonas Fitch, 
John L. Batchelder, 



L. Miles Standish, 
William Carpenter, 
Horace Jenkins, 
Levi L. Willcutt, 



Robert Cowdin, . 
Charles S. Burgess, 
Justin Jones, 
Ansel Lothrop, . 



fVard 7. 



Ward 8. 



Ward 9. 



82 Beacon street. 
15 West Cedar street. 
50 West Cedar street. 
79 Mt. Yernon street. 



14 Avon place. 

2 Purchase street. 

69 Hamilton street. 

10 Lincoln street. 



15 Avery street. 
163 Tremont street. 

13 Edinboro' street. 

16 Oxford street. 



67 Carver street. 
32 Indiana place. 
16 Indiana place. 
88 Carver street. 



Ward 10. 



185 Harrison avenue. 
36 Ash street. 
3 Davis street. 
29 Harvard street. 



Ward 11. 

William Fox Richardson, . . 1151 Washington street. 

Calvin A. Richards, ... 10 West Chester street 

William W. Clapp, Jr., . . 25 Dover street. 

Joseph F. Paul, . . .588 Tremont street. 



160 



Ward 12. 
Samuel R. Spinney, . . . Cor. K and Eighth sts. 

Henry B. Janes, ... G- st., n. Fourth st. 

Osborn Howes, .... 382 Broadway. 
Joel Baker, Jr., . . . .67 Third street. 

City Clerk. 
SAMUEL F. McCLBARY, 81 Pinckney street. 
Salary $2,300, and for Assistant Clerks $2,600. [Chosen 
by City Council, in Convention, in January. Charter, § 30.] 

Clerk of Common Council. 
WASHINGTON P. GREGG, 18 Leveret street. 
Salary, $1,200. [Chospn by Common Council, in January. 
Charter, § 34.] 

Messenger. 
OLIVER H. SPURR, 3 Bumstead place. 
Salary, $1,200. [Chosen by City Council, in January or 
February. Ord. p. 344.] 

Assistant Messenger. 
J. EDWIN HUNT, 397 Hanover street. 
Salary, $400. [Appointed by Messenger and confirmed by 
City Council. Ord. p. 345.] 



161 



COMMITTEES OF THE CITY COUNCIL. 



JOINT STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON REDTJCTION OF CITY DEBT. 
[Ord. p. 162.] 
The Mayor, President of the Common Council, and the Chair- 
man of the Committee on Finance, on the part of the Com- 
mon Council. 



Aldermen. 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Silas Peirce, 
George A. Curtis. 



ACCOUNTS. 
[Ord. p. 160.] 



Common Council. 
Calvin A. Richards 
Francis D. Stedman 
Samuel R. Spinney, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Levi L. Willcutt. 



Aldermen 
Clement Willis, 
Silas Peirce. 

21 



assessors' department. 

[Ord. p. 544.] 

Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
Samuel R. Spinney, 
William Carpenter, 



162 



Aldermen. 
Silas Peirce, 
Charles Emerson; 
Thomas C. Amory, Jr. 



CLAIMS. 

[Mun. Reg. p. 142.] 

Common Council. 
Francis E. Faxon, 
Tisdale Drake, 
Lucius Slade, 
William F. Richardson, 
Levi L. Willcutt. 



FINANCE. 
[Ord. p. 162.] 



The Mayor, ex officio, 
The Chairman of the Board 
of Aldermen, ex officio. 



Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
William F. Richardson, 
John S. Tyler, 
Tisdale Drake, 
L. Miles Standish, 
Osborn Howes, 
John G. Webster. 



Aldermen. 
Ebenezer Atkins, 
George Dennie. 



FUEL. 
[Ord. p. 190.] 



Common Council. 
Joseph Robbins, 
John L. Batchelder, 
Charles J. McCarthy. 



Aldermen. 
Joseph T. Bailey, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



FIRE ALARMS. 
[Ord. p. 187.] 



Common Council. 
Henry B. Janes, 
James Riley, 
Ansel Lothrop. 



163 



HAEBOR. 
[Ord. p. 227.] 



Aldermen. 
Jesse Holbrook, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 



Common Council. 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Jabez Frederick, 
Samuel B. Krogman. 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER ISLAND. 



Aldermen. 
George Dennie, 
William W. Allen, 
Clement Willis. 



[Mun. Eeg. p. 141.] 

Common Council. 
Henry E. Bayley, 
Samuel E. Spinney, 
John L. Batclielder, 
Theophilus Burr, Jr., 
Thomas Mooney. 



Aldermen. 
Thomas C. Amory, Jr., 
Charles Emerson, 
Clement Willis. 



ORDINANCES. 
[Ord. p. 352.] 



Common Council. 
William C. Williamson, 
Henry E. Bayley, 
Francis D, Stedman, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Theophilus Burr, Jr. 



Aldermen. 
Charles Emerson, 
George A. Curtis, 
Joseph T. Bailey. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 
[Ord. p. 399.] 



Common Council. 
L. Miles Standish, 
William C. Ford, 
Charles S. Burgess, 
Jonas Fitch, 
Horace Jenkins. 



164 



PUBLIC INSTEUCTION. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 141.] 



. Aldermen. 
Thomas C. Amory, Jr., 
Ebenezer Atkins, 
George Dennie. 



Aldernien. 
Jesse Holbrook, 
Clement Willis, 
Timothy A. Sumner. 



Common Council. 
President of Common 

Council, ex officio. 
Justin Jones, 
Calvin A. Richards, 
William C. Williamson, 
Levi L. Willcutt. 



PUBLIC LANDS. 
[Ord. Dec. 26, 1856.] 

Common Council. 
Calvin A. Richards, 
John C. Tucker, 
Joseph L. Bates, 
John G. Webster, 
Osborn Howes. 



Alderman. 
George A. Curtis. 



PRINTING. 
[Ord. p. 395.] 



Common Council. 
William W. Clapp, Jr., 
Justin Jones. 



Aldermen. 
Timothy A. Sumner, 
George A. Curtis, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 
[Ord. p. 324.] 



Common Council. 
John S. Tyler, 
Joseph L, Bates, 
Philip H. Sears, 
William W. Clapp, Jr., 
Daniel D. Kelly. 



165 



Aldermen. 
George Dennie, 
William W. Allen. 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 
[Ord. p. 165.] 



Common Council. 
William Parkman, 
William F. Richardson, 
John G. Webster. 



Aldermen. 
Clement Willis, 
Jesse Holbrookj 
Ebenezer Atkins. 



WATER. 
[Ord. p. 568.] 



Common Council. 
Tisdale Drake, 
Horace Poland, 
Gilbert E. Pierce, 
Cornelius Dohertj, 
Joel Baker, Jr. 



JOINT SPECIAL COMMITTEES. 



SOUTH BAY LANDS. 
[Order of January 12, 1859.] 



Aldermen. 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Charles Emerson. . 



Common Council, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Horace Poland, 
William F. Richardson, 



Aldermen. 
George A. Curtis, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 



BACK BAY LANDS. 
[Order of January 12, 1859.] 



Common Council, 
Tisdale Drake, 
John S. Tyler, 
William Parkman. 



166 



Cleric of Joint Standing and Special Committees. 

Samuel C. Bure, 4 Beacon street. 

Salary, $1,200. [Chosen by City Council. Mun. Eeg. p. 166.] 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 



Philip H. Sears, 
William C. Ford, 
John H. Eobinson, 



ON ELECTIONS. 
[Mun. Keg. p. 166.] 



William C. Burgess, 
William W. Clapp, Jr. 



Francis E. Faxon, 
John W. Bartlett, 
Jairus Beal, 



ON STREETS. 
[Mun. Eeg. p. 166.] 

Timothy R. Page, 
Joseph F. Paul. 



167 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 

[Mun. Keg. p. 138.] 



ARMORIES AND MILITARY AFFAIRS. 

Aldermen Allen, Holbrook and Atkins. 

BRIDGES. 

Aldermen Emerson, Bailey and Curtis. 

CEMETERIES. 

Aldermen Atkins, Dennie and Emerson. 

COMMON AND PUBLIC SQUARES. 

Aldermen Crane, Amory and Willis. 

COUNTY ACCOUNTS. 

Aldermen Amory, Atkins and Emerson. 

FANEUIL HALL. 

Aldermen Emerson, Curtis and Bailey. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Aldermen Curtis, Peirce and Allen. 

EXTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Curtis, Peirce and Emerson. 

INTERNAL HEALTH. 

Aldermen Crane, Holbrook and Atkins. 



168 

LAMPS, BELLS, AND CLOCKS. 

Aldermen Dennie, Bailey and Allen. 

LICENSES. 

Aldermen Dennie, Curtis and Amory. 

JAIL. 

Aldermen Bailey, Holbrook and Emerson. 

PAVING. 

Aldermen Willis, Emerson and Holbrook. 

MAEKET. 

Aldermen Holbrook, Emerson and Allen. 

POLICE. 

Aldermen Atkins, Dennie and Amory. 

SEWERS. 

Alderman Sumner, Atkins and Bailey. 

STEAM ENGINES AND FURNACES. 

Aldermen Bailey, Allen and Dennie. 

STREETS. 

Aldermen Peirce, Curtis and Sumner. 



169 



ASSESSORS' DEPARTMENT. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 83.] 
Principal Assessors for 1858.- — George Jackson, Henry Sar- 
gent, George E. Head, John D. Richardson. Salary, $1,500 
each per annum, and $4,800 for Clerk hire. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote, in February or March.] 

Per Diem Assessors for 1858. 



John G. Davis, 
Cyrus Washburn, 
Joseph W. Merriam, 
Joseph W. Howard, 



William H. Lane, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
James Cheever, 
Spencer Tinkham, 

Josiah L. 0. Amee. 

Salary $4.00 for each day while on street duty. [Chosen 
by concurrent vote, in February or March.] 

Assistant Assessors for 1S5S, residiiig in their respective Wards. 



1 — Amos W. Cross, 

John Pratt. 
2— Caleb L. Litchfield, 

Merrill Pettengill. 
3 — Thomas Critchett, 

Michael Cummisky. 
4 — Silas P. Meriam, 

Asa Swallow. 
5 — Edward Sands, 

Artemas R. Holden. 
6 — Eben Mann, 

Benjamin G. Boardman. 



7_Calvin W. Clark, 

Edward Ryan. 
8^ — Nahum Bri'gham, 

Alfred B. Warren. 
9 — Richard Nutter, 
Chester Daniell. 
10— Abijah Ellis, 

Loring B. Barnes. 
11 — Stephen Tucker, 

Samuel S. Ridgeway, 
12 — Samuel Leeds, 

Christopher A. Connor. 



Salary, $3.00 for each day certified to have been devoted 
to duty.* [Chosen by concurrent vote, in February or 
March.] 
Henry Sargent, Secretary to Board of Assessors, and to Board 

Assistant Assessors. 

* By an order of the City CoiTncil, passed February 26, 1856, eight hours constitute 
" a day's work " for sfi^eet duty, and six hours " a day's work " for office duty. 

22 



170 



BRIDGES. 

_ [Mun. Eeg. p. 87.] 
Ebenezer 0. Leman, Superintendent of the Federal Street 
Bridge. Salary $1,200, and- the use of the Shop on Bridge, 
and a horse, at the City's expense, to open and close the 
draws. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Abner J. Galfield, Superintendent of the Dover Street Bridge. 
Salary $500, and the use of House and Shop on Bridge. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Edward T. Stowers, Siiperintendent of the Chelsea Street Bridge. 

Salary $200. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 
George H. Davis, Superintendent of the Mount Washington 

Avenue Bridge. Salary $1,300. [Chosen by concurrent 

vote.] 
Abner Knight, Superintendent of the Meridian Street Bridge. 

Salary $400. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

[Ord. p. 175.] 

Chief Engineer. 

George W. Bird, 15 Indiana place. Salary $1200. 

Assistant Engineers. Salary $250 each. 

DiST. 1. Nathaniel W. Pratt, 2 Gouch street place. 

2. John S. Damrell, 15 West Centre street. 

3. David C. Meloon, 58 Lincoln street. 

4. David Chamberlin, 91 Tyler street. 

5. Zenas E. Smith, 601 Tremont street. 

6. George Brown, Silver st., near D st. 



ni 



DiST, 7. Joseph Dunbar, 83 Princeton street. 

At large, Charles C. Henry, 20 1 WasMngton st. 

William A. G-reen, 12 Salem street. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

George H. Allen, Secretary. 1 Nassau street. Salary 
[Chosen by Board of Engineers.] 

Foremen of Engines. 

Mazeppa Co. No. 1, Broadway, South Boston. 
William L. Pierce, 210 Broadway. 

Perkins Co. No. 2, Broadway, South Boston. 
John B. Hill, 121 Fourth street. 

Ea.o-le Co. No. 3, Washino-ton street. 
Edward W. Milliken, 6 Hawthorn place. 

Cataract Co. No. 4, Foot of Mount Vernon street. 
Rufus B. Farrar, 2 Champney place. 

Extinguisher Co. No. 5, East street. 
Hiram L. Wallingford, 9 Albany street. 

Boston Co. No. 8, Commercial street: 
Benjamin Tarbox, 6 Lathrop place. 

Maverick Co. No. 9, Paris street, East Boston. 
John P. Somerby, Maverick Square. 

Dunbar Co. No. 10, Meridian street, East Boston. 
George A. Tucker, Saratoga street. 

Barnicoat Co. No. 11, Coitrt Square. 
John Tobias, 1 Province court. 



172 

Tremont Co. No. 12, Warren street. 
Oliver R. Robbins, 61 Warren street. 

Webster Co. 13, Chelsea street, East Boston. 
Charles E. Turner, 432 Saratoga street. 

Spinney Co. No. 14, Fourth street, S. Boston. 
James Chambers, K street. 

Hooh and Ladder Co. No. 1, Friend street. 
Moses Place, 50 Billerica street. 

Hook and Ladder Co. No. 2, Paris street, East Boston. 
Charles Simmons, 9 Liverpool street. 

HooTc and Ladder Co. No. 3, Harrison Avenue. 
George W. Warren, 3 Rochester street. 

Hose Co. No. 1, Salem street. 
Charles E. Dunton, 24 Cooper street. 

Hose Co. No. 2, Hudson street. 
Benjamin King, 24 Curve street. 

Hose Co. No. 4, Northampton street. 
Loring Hallett, 80 West Dedham street. 

Hose Co. No. 5, Shawm2it Avenue. 
William Lovell, 80 West Dedham street. 

Hose Co. No. 6, Paris street, East Boston. 
Joseph Barnes, Liverpool street. East Boston. 

On the 1st of January, 1859, two Steam Fire Engines 
were added to the force of the Fire Department, in place of 
Engines Nos. 6 and 7, whose companies were discharged on 
that day. 



173 



The " Lawrence " built by Scott & Bean, at Lawrence, has 
a steam cylinder nine inches in diameter, &nd the whole 
Engine, with 570 lbs. of water in the boiler ready for opera- 
tion, weighs 7,870 lbs. This Engine is located at the Engine 
House in Purchase street, and is managed by seven men and 
two horses. Cost of Engine $3,500. Thomas Scoll, jE^i^meer. 

The " Eclipse," built by Silsby, Mynders & Co., of Seneca 
Falls, New York, has a steam cylinder inches in diameter, 
and with 243 lbs. of water in the boiler ready for operation, 
weighs 7,343 lbs. This Engine is located at the Engine House 
in Wall street, and is managed by seven men and two horses. 
Cost of Engine $3,500. Moses B. Bell, Engineer. 

There are attached to the Department, 13 Foremen of 
Engine, Hook and Ladder, and Hose Companies, at $150 
each; 13 Assistant Foremen, at $125 each; 13 Clerks, at 
$125 each; 13 Stewards, at $125 each; 285 Members, at 
$100 each; 7 Foremen, at $100 each; 7 Assistant Foremen, 
at $75 each; 68 Leading Hosemen, at $125 each; 16 Axemen 
and Eakemen, at $125 each; 7 Clerks, at $75 each; 7 Stew- 
ards, at $75 each; 153 members, at $60 each. There are 
three Engine Companies, and 1 Hook and Ladder Company, 
and 1 Hose Company at East Boston, also 1 Engine Com- 
pany at South Boston Point, Fourth street, and a Hose 
Company on Northampton street, which are not required to 
attend fires in the city proper, except by special order of 
the Chief Engineer. Their compensation is as follows 
Foremen, $100 each per annum ; Assistant Foremen, $75 each 
Clerks, $75 each; Stewards, $75 each; Members, $60 each 
32 Leading Hosemen, at $75 each; 8 Axe and Eakemen, at 
$75 each. 

FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 

[Ord. p. 187.] 

Central Office, No. 8 City Building, Court Square. 

Siiperintendent, Joseph B. Stearns. Salary $1,200 per annum. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



174 

Operators, Adam McAtee, Chas. A. Stearns, Francis E. Coffin. 
George S. Tliom, Repairer. Franklin H. Badger, Assistant 
Repairer. Salary $2.00 per day. 

A constant watch is kept at the Central Office, night and 
day. Each operator is on duty four hours. Two persons 
are required to be about the office at all times for safety, in 
case of accident to any of the machinery, or sudden illness 
of the attending operator. 

No operator is permitted to sleep during his watch, unless 
expressly relieved by some one else. 

Each operator is accountable to the Superintendent for 
any omissions or mistakes that may occur at the Central 
Office during his hours of duty. 

An accurate account is kept of the time of giving each 
alarm, and of the District and Station from whence it 
originates. 

Alarms are transmitted to the Central Office, from the 
signal stations or boxes, by turning the crank in the box. 
The Police, and a person resident near each box, have each a 
key to the boxes. 

Alarms are usually given in less than a minute from the 
time the crank is turned in any box, which is done in accord- 
ance with the following directions : — 

DIRECTIONS to THOSE WHO HOLD SIGNAL KEYS. 

1. If a fire is discovered in your vicinity, go to the near- 
est bos in the District. 

2. Turn the crank twenty-five times, rather slowly at first, 
then quite fast at last. If convenient, wait at the box so as 
to direct the firemen where to go. 

3. If you hear no reply at the box, or on the bells, turn 
again. If still no reply, go to another box in the District. 

4. The Police, upon hearing the bells, will spring their 
rattles and call the number of the District. 



175 



Tlie alarm will be given from the Central Station by strik- 
ing the nmnber of the District on the bells, and tapping the 
number of the Station in the boxes. 

CAUTIONS. 

1. Be sure that your box is locked before leaving it. 

2. Never open the box or touch the apparatus except in 
case of fire. 

3. Never let the key go out of your possession, unless 
called for by the City Authorities. 

There are 49 Signal Stations distributed and located in 
accordance with the following plan : — 

LIST OF SIGNAL STATIONS. 

District No. 1. 
East and North of Leveret, Green, Court, and State Streets. 

Station No. 1. — Faneuil Hall. 

2. — Corner Marshall and Hanover streets. 

3. — Richmond, east of Hanover street. 

4. — Eastern Railroad Wharf. 

5. — Constitution Wharf. 

6. — Phipps place, corner of Charter street. 

7. — Cooper street Church. 

8. — Boston and Maine Railroad Freight Depot. 

9. — Causeway, corner of Lowell street. 
10. — Vernon street, corner Leveret. 

11. — Sudbury street, Williams' stable. 

12. — Hull, corner of Snowhill street. 

District No. 2. 

West of Loivell, Green, Court, Tremont and Boylston streets. 

Station No. 1. — Church, in North Russell street. 

2. — West Cedar, corner of Cambridge street. 



No. 3 
4 
5 
6 



9 



176 



— Engine House, No. 4, foot of Mt. Vernon st. 

— West Centre, corner of Pinckney street. 

— Myrtle street, corner Hancock street. 

— Bowdoin, corner Cambridge street. 

— Albion, Tremont street. 

— Poplar, corner of Spring street. 

— Ill Beacon street. 



District No. 3. 

Between THE Water, Beach, Washington, Boylston, Tremont, 

Court and State Streets. 
Station No. 1. — Old South Church. 

2. — Central, corner of Broad street. 

3. — Belmont, corner of High street. 

4. — No. 21 Purchase street. 

5. — Lincoln, corner of Summer street. 
6. — Winter street. 

7. — Central Office, City Building. 

8. — No. 148 Purchase street. 

District No. 4. 
Between Dover, the Water, Beach, Washington and Boijlston 

streets. 
Station No. 1. — Old Colony Railroad Depot. 

2. — Hydrant House, No. 2 Hudson street. 

3. — Seneca street, near Harrison Avenue. 

4. — Indiana Place Church. 

5. — Engine House, No. 12 Warren street. 

6. — Providence Railroad Depot. 

7. — Boylston Market. 

8. — Tremont, opposite end of Dover street. 

District No. 5, 

South of Dover street. 
Station No. 1. — Engine House No. 3, Washington street. 

2. — Church on Shawmut Avenue, corner Wal- 
tham street. 



177 



Station No. 3. — Hydrant No. 5, Shawmut Avenue. 

4. — Corner Washington and Northampton sts. 

5. — Police Station, East Dedham street. 

6. — Chickering's Factory, Tremont street. 

District No. 6. 

Comprises South Boston. 

Station No. 1. — Broadway, corner of Dorchester Avenue. 
2. — Engine House No. 2, Broadway. 
3. — Lyceum Hall. 

4. — Broadway, near Dorchester street. 

5. — Engine House No. 14, Fourth street. 

6. — Washington Village. 

District No. 7. 

Comprises East Boston. 

Station No. 1. — E. Boston Ferry Toll House, on Boston side. 



HAEBOE. 



Samuel Cook, Harbor Master, Office Eastern Depot Wharf. 
Salary $1,000; and $1,000 to be paid to two Boatmen, and 
$150 for rent of Boat House. Chosen by concurrent vote 
annually, " if expedient." [Ordinances, p. 224.] 

Regulations. 

LAWS. 

Section 1. All vessels in the upper harbor are to anchor 
according to the directions of the Harbor Master. 

Sect. 2. All vessels in the upper harbor, not intended to 
be hauled into some wharf immediately, must anchor beloTT 
23 



178 



tlie range of India Wharf, and the easterly point of East 
Boston, either on the north or south side of the channel, 
designated by the following marks, viz. : on the south by the 
tall steeple in Hanover street, in range with the Granite 
block on Long Wharf; and on the north by Long Island Light, 
in range with the half moon battery on Governor's Island. 

Sect. 3. The master, commander, or owners of vessels, 
shall, as soon as practicable, after having hauled to the end 
of any wharf that extends to the channel in said harbor,. 
cause her lower yards to be cock-billed, and her top-sail yard 
to be braced fore and aft, and her jib-boom to be rigged in, 
and the yards and jib-boom shall be kept so arranged, while 
such vessel lies at the end of the wharf, as aforesaid, and 
until she is preparing immediately to leave her berth. 

Sect. 4. All vessels found lying in the stream, not 
anchored according to the regulations, and not having a suf- 
ficient crew to move them, will be moved by the Harbor Mas- 
ter at the vessel's expense. 

Sect. 5. No person shall throw or deposit in said harbor, 
or any part thereof, any stones, gravel, ballast, cinders, ashes, 
dirt, mud, or other substances, which may, in any respect, 
tend to injure the navigation thereof. 

Sect. 6. No warp or line shall be passed across the mouth 
of any slip, for the purpose of hauling any vessel by the said 
slip before the vessel shall be within one hundred feet of 
said slip, if the owners or occupants thereof object, unless 
the Harbor Master may think it necessary. 

Sect. 7. All vessels at anchor in the harbor of Boston 
shall keep an anchor watch at all times, and shall keep a 
clear and distinct light suspended at least six feet above the 
deck, during the night ; and whenever the provisions of this 
section shall be violated on board any vessel, the master or 
owners shall be liable to a penalty of not more than twenty 
dollars, to be recovered in the manner provided in the act 
to which this is in addition, and shall be held liable to pay 
all damages that may be occasioned by such violence. 



n9 



Under no circumstances whatever are vessels permitted 
to anchor in the track of the ferry boats, or in Fore Point 
Channel. 

An Act in addition to an Act to establish Regulations con- 
cerning the Harbor of Boston.. 
Section 1. The Harbor Master shall have authority to 
regulate the anchorage of all vessels in the upper harbor of 
Boston, and, when necessary, to order the removal of such 
vessels, and to cause the same to be removed in obedience to 
such order, at the espense of the master or owners thereof; 
and if any person shall obstruct said Harbor Master in the 
performance of any of his duties, as prescribed by this act, 
or by the act to which this is in addition, or shall neglect or 
refuse to obey any lawful order made by said Harbor Master, 
he shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars for 
each offence. 



HEALTH. 



EXTERNAL DEPARTMENT. 



John M. Moriarty, Port Physician, resident at Deer Island. 
Salary $200 and board. [Chosen by concurrent vote. 
City Ordinances, p. 270.] 

George Loring, Captain of the Steamer Henry Morrison, which 
runs daily from the City to Deer Island. [Pay $250 per 
month for the boat and crew.] The Steamer's dock is at 
the Eastern Depot Wharf. 

The Quarantine Boat is in the service of the Port Physician, 
and the men are paid by the City. She is used as a board- 
ing boat, and visits all vessels coming from foreign ports, 
to inspect their crews, passengers and cargoes. 



180 



INTERNAL DEPAETMENT. 



Ezra Forristall, Superintendent of Health. Salary $1,700. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

DSimel B. Curtis, Assistant Supt. Salary $1,000. [Appointed 
by Superintendent; and confirmed by the Board of Alder- 
men. Ord. p. 275.] 

Henry Gr. Clark, City Physician. Salary $1,000. [Chosen by 
concurrent vote. Of&ce in Niles Block, City Hall Avenue. 
City Ordinance, p. 268.] 

George Hayward, James Ayer, Jacob Bigelow, John Jefiries, 
D. H. Storer, Consulting Physicians. [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote. City Ordinances, p. 261.] 

Nicholas A. Apollonio, City Registrar. Salary $1,200. [Cho- 
sen by concurrent vote of the City Council. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 271.] 

Jam^s W. Allen, Clerk. Salary $850. 

George Adams, Assistant Registrar of Births. 

The City Eegistrar has the Superintendence of the Burial 
Grounds and Funerals. He records the Births, Deaths, 
and Marriages, and grants Certificates of all Intentions of 
Marriage. 

MOUNT HOPE CEMETERY. 

This Cemetery, situated in the towns of West Box- 
bury and Dorchester, was purchased by the City from the 
original proprietors, in 1857, for the sum of $45,000, and is 
under the care and control of the following Board of Trus- 
tees. [Vide Mun. Reg. p. 95.] 

Bradley N. Cumings, For one year. 

Henry Crocker, For two years. 

Henry Mason, For three years. 

Joseph M. Wightmau, For four years. 

Henry L. Dalton, For five years. 



181 



The City Registrar is Clerk of this Board, ex-ofiao. 
Superintendent of the Cemetery, David Haggerston. 

UNDERTAKEES. 

[Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. City Ordinances; 
p. 272.] 

Caleb I. Pratt, 190 Federal street. 

Oren Faxon, 694 Washington street. 

Franklin Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Richard Dillon, 2 Avery place. 

John Peak, 7 Leveret street. 

Constant T. Benson, 82 Prince street. 

Harum Merrill, 70 West Canton street. 

John White, 51 Meridian street. East Boston. 

Levi Whitcomb, in the rear of Lowell Institute. 

William Cooley, 42 Cambridge street. 

Charles Cook, 125 Hudson street. 

Lewis Jones, rear St. Paul's Church. 

David Marden, 3 Revere place. 

John W. Pierce, 12 Purchase street. 

Nahum P. Whitney, 128 Brighton street. 

James Lynde, 49 Hull street. 

John D. IngersoU, 77 Charter street. 

Jeremiah Tinkham, 111 Broadway. 

Luther L. Tarbell, 122 Court street. 

David Gugenheimer, 60 Eliot street. 

Job T. Cole, 132 Fourth street. 

George Johnson, Jr., 37 Pitts street. 

Thomas Pearce, 3 B street. 

Nicholas Roach, 7 Athens street. 

William H. Brown, 35 Bennington street. 

Francis Lavery, 35 A street. 

Seth Hall, 20 South Cedar street. 

Benjamin F. Smith, 2 Seaver place. 

Hiram Stearns, 15 Marion street. 

Philip E. Field, 



182 



INSTITUTIONS AT SOUTH BOSTON AND DEER 
ISLAND. 

[Mun. Keg. pp. 56, 90.] 

The House of Industry at Deer Island, the Houses of Ee- 
formation at South Boston and Deer Island, the House of 
Correction for the County of Suffolk, and the Boston Lunatic 
Hospital, are under the care and government of a Board of 
Twelve Directors, one half of whom are chosen annually, by 
concurrent vote of the City Council, in January or February. 

This Board is entitled 

THE BOARD OP DIRECTORS FOR THE PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS, 

and is composed of the following persons, viz : 

Alderman. 

Oeorge A. Curtis. 

Common Council. 

Francis E. Faxon, William Parkman. 

For one year. 

Moses Kimball, Chairman, Otis Kimball, Samuel P. Oliver. 

For two years. 
Ezra H. Baker, Seth Adams, Timothy C. Kendall. 

For three years. 
Pelham Bonney, Osmyn Brewster, Joseph Smith. 
Thacher Beal, Clerk of Directors. 
William Willett and Guy C, Underwood, Office Clerks, 

Office 8 and 10 City Hall Avenue, Niles Block. 
The Board of Directors meet at their office each Friday 
afternoon, at 3J o'clock. 

HOUSE OF INDUSTRY. 
John M. Moriarty, Superintendent and Physician. Salary 
$1,000. [Appointed by Directors.] 



183 



There is also paid by the Trustees of the Boylston and 
Mason Funds, to the Chaplain, $470. 

HOUSE OF KEPOEMATION. 

This Institution was established for the Education and 
Reformation oi juvenile offenders. 

In the House of Eeformation Department, there is paid to 
the Male Teacher $700, and to two Assistants $300 each; 
and to the Matron, $200. [These officers are appointed 
by the Directors.] 

HOUSE OP CORRECTION AT SOUTH BOSTON. 

Charles Bobbins, Master. Salary $1,300, and board in 
House. [Chosen by City Council, in January or February.] 

Deputy Master. — Silas P. Walker. Salary $800, and board 
in House. 

Cleric to Master. — P. R. Irwin. Salary $600, and board in 

House. 
Chaplain. — Rev. J. T. Burrill. Salary $1,100. 
There are also eight Male Assistants, salary from $450 to 

$600 each, and board. Two Female Assistants, salary from 

$250 to $350 each, and board. 

[The Deputy Master and other officers are appointed by 
the Board of Directors.] 

BOSTON LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 

Clement A. Walker, M. D., Superintendent and Physician to 
the above Institution and House of Correction. Salary 
$1,500, and board in the House. [Chosen by the Directors.] 
There are also attached to this Institution, one Male and 

one Female Supervisor; seven Male Attendants, $200 each; 

seven Female Attendants, $130 each. 

The Gate Keeper to the enclosures of the Institutions at 

South Boston receive $300, and board. 



184 



OVERSEERS OP THE POOR. 



[Charter, § 52.] 
( Chosen in each Ward where they reside. ) 

Ward No. 1 — Jolm Pratt, 195 Salem street. 

2 — Jacob C. Wentworth, 19 Chelsea street. 

3 — Simeon P. Adams, 177 Court street. 

4 — Silas Durkee, 50 Howard street. 

5 — John White, 38 Leveret street. 

6 — John H. White, 26 G-rove street. 

7 — John Coleman, 33 Washington Square. 

8 — John W. Warren, 49 Harrison Avenue. 

9 — Oliver E. Bobbins, 61 Warren street. 

10 — Israel S. Trafton, cor. Hudson and Harvard sts. 

11 — Daniel 0. Berry, 154 Shawmut Avenue. 

12 — Samuel Newmarch, 179 Fourth street. 

James Phillips, Secretary. 

The Board meet on the first and third Wednesdays of 
every month, at 3 P. M,, at their office, 50 School street. 

The Overseers of the Poor are likewise incorporated as a 
Board of Trustees of John Boylston's and other charitable 
funds, left for the assistance of persons of good character 
and advanced age, " who have been reduced by misfortune to 
indigence and want." 
John W. Warren, Treasurer and Clerk of the Corporation. 

The meetings of the Board of Trustees are held in April 
and October. 



185 
LAMPS. 

[Ord. p. 317.] 

William Barnicoat, Superintendent of Lamps. Office City 
Building. Salary $1,000 per annum, and $200 for Clerk 
hire. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. City 
Ordinances, p. 317.] 
There are 2,168 Gas Lamps in City proper; 262 in East 

Boston; 228 in South Boston. Total, 2,658. 

There are 565 Fluid Lamps in Boston proper; 287 in East 
Boston; 355 in South Boston; in Washington Village 76. 
Total, 1,283. 



PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

[Ord. p. 399.] 



The Public Buildings of the City and County comprise the 
City Hall, the Registry of Deeds, the Court House, Faneuil 
Hall, and Faneuil Hall Market House, the New Stone Jail 
and Dead House, the Institutions at South Boston and Deer 
Island, the Old State House, the City Building, (so called,) 
all the Grammar and Primary School Houses, and all the 
Engine, Hydrant, and Hook and Ladder Houses in the city, 
besides other buildings used for public purposes. 
Samuel C. Nottage, Superintendent of Public Buildings. Of- 
fice, City Hall. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by concurrent 
vote.] 

Henry Taylor, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall. Salary $200, 
and $100 for an assistant. [Appointed by Mayor and 
Aldermen. Ord. p. 146.] 
24 



186 



PUBLIC LANDS. 

[Mun. Eeg. p. 77.] 

The Board of Public Land Commissioners, Jesse Holbrook, 
Chairman, Benjamin James, Samuel Hatch, Newell A. 
Thompson, Barnet F. Warner, Clement Willis, Timothy A. 
Sumner, John G-. Webster, Osborn Howes, Joseph L. Bates, 
Calvin A. Richards, and John C. Tucker. 

Robert W. Hall, Sujperintendent of Public Lands. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

The Superintendent has the care and custody of all the Pub- 
lic Lands belonging to the City, " except the Common, the 
land and flats west of Charles street, Deer Island, the 
lands connected with the Public Institutions at South Bos- 
ton or any other lands held for specific purposes." 

John Galvin, Superintendent of the Common, Malls and Public 
Squares. Paid by annual contract. [Appointed by the 
Committee on the Common, &c.] 



PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

[Ord. p. 324.] 

Instituted J[. P. 1852. 

Trustees. — Hon, Edward Everett, President, G-eorge Ticknor, 
John P. Bigelow, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Wm. W. Green- 
ough, George Dennie, [one vacancy.] [Chosen by concur- 
rent vote.] 

Superintendent. — Charles C. Jewett. Salary $2,000. [Mun. 

Reg. p. 105.] 
Librarian. — Edward Capen. Salary $1,500. [Chosen by 

concurrent vote.] Samuel M. Bedlington, Assistant. 



187 



Joshua Bates, Esq., of London, whose early life was 
passed in Boston, having offered to this City the munifi- 
cent sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars towards the purchase 
of Books for the Public Library of the City, if the City 
would erect a suitable building for that purpose, — on the 
24th of February, 1853, an order was passed by the City 
Council, authorizing the Committee on the Library, in 
conference with the Board of Trustees, to purchase a 
suitable site for the erection of a building which should 
be fully adapted to the purpose of Mr. Bates's dona- 
tion. Accordingly said Committee purchased 23,384 feet of 
land on Boylston street, opposite the Common, upon which an 
elegant and commodious edifice has been erected, at a cost to 
the City, for land and building, amounting to about $365,000. 

This building was finished and delivered into the custody of 
the City Comicil, and by the City Council was transmitted to 
the care of the Trustees of the Public Library, with appro- 
priate ceremonies, on January 1st, 1858. 

The Library is open every day, with the exception of Sun- 
days and the holidays, for the delivery of books for home use 
from 10 A. M. to 8 o'clock, P. M. ; and the Reading Room 
connected therewith is open from 9 A. M. to 9.30, P. M. ; 
both of which privileges are enjoyed freely by all who agree 
to conform to the regulations of the Public Library. 



MARKET. 

[Ord. p. 149. Mun. Eeg. p. 120.] 

Charles B. Rice, Superintendent of Faneuil Hall Market. Sal- 
ary $1,300. [Appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen.] 
Amos Dodge, Deputy Superintendent. Salary $900 per annum. 
Sullivan Sawin, Weigher. Salary $35 per month. 



188 



The limits of Faneuil Hall Market include the lower floor, 
porches and cellars of the building called Faneuil Hall Mar- 
ket, and the streets on each side thereof, called North Mar- 
ket street and South Market street, except the northerly 
sidewalk of North Market street and the southerly sidewalk 
of South Market street ; and also all those parts of Commer- 
cial street and the street lying between the Market building 
and Faneuil Hall, comprised between the inner lines of said 
sidewalks, extended easterly and westerly across said street. 
Also the basement story and cellars under Faneuil Hall, and 
the area around the same, called Faneuil Hall Square. 



POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

[Appointed by Mayor and Aldermen.] 

[Ord. p. 386.] 

This department is under the immediate direction of the 
Mayor. It is employed in the detection of criminals, and 
has the superintendence of places of public amusement, car- 
riages, wagons, trucks, pawnbrokers, junk shops, intelligence 
of&ces, &c. 

Under the present organization, the Police are divided into 
day and night police ; the night police performing the duties 
formerly devolving on watchmen. 

Daniel J. Coburn, Chief of Police. Salary $2,200. Office, 

City Hall. Luther A. Ham, JD&puty. Salary $1,500. 
Horace G-. Barrows, Clerk of Police. Salary $1,000. 
George H. Mears, Assistant Cleric. 

Rufus C. Marsh, Superintendent of Coaches, Carriages, ^c. 
George W. Oliver, Superintendent of Trucks, Wagons, ^c. 



189 



There are eight Police Stations, the location and officers of 
which are as follows : — 

Station No. 1. 

Old Hancock School House, Hanover street. 

Edward H. Savage, Captain. 

Arnold C. Whitcomb, Nathaniel G. Davis, Lieutenants, 

Station No. 2. 

Williams Coitrt. ^ 

William K. Jones, Captain. 

Oliver Whitcomb, Harrison Marsh, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 3. 

Leveret street. 

Samuel G. Adams, Captain. 

Asa Morrill, Alfred H. Porter, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 4. 

Washington street, at Boylston Market. 

William D. Eaton, Captain. 

John S. Hunt, George Churchill, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 5. 

East Dedham street. 

George M. King, Captain. 

Cyrus Small, William Chadbourn, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 6. 

Broadway, South Boston. 

Eobert Taylor, Captain. 

John L. Philbrick, Henry T. Dyer, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 7. 

Paris street, above Maverick Square. 

Nathaniel Seaver, Captain. 

James Adams, Alvan S. Drew, Lieutenants. 

Station No. 8. — (Harbor Police.) 

Commercial street, opposite Union Wharf. 

William B. Tarleton, Captain. 

William E, Hough, Foster B. Tarbett. Lieutenants. 



190 



CONSTABLES. 

[Ord. p. 115.] 

Appointed and Qiialijied. 



Edmund P. Barker, 
William Blaisdell, 
"William H. Brown, 
Francis Y. Bulfinch, 
William Calder, 
Silas Carlton, 
Lemuel Clark, 
Derastus Clapp, 
Wm. 0. Cheswell, 
Joseph D. Coburn, 
Chase Cole, 
Rufus R. Cook, 
Isaac A. Cooledge, 
Daniel B. Curtis, 
James Curtis, 
Albert G. Dawes, 
Greenleaf N. Davis, 
Charles H. Dennie, 
George B. Dexter, 
Ephraim Eliot, 
Ephraim W. Farr, 
Eben F. Gay, 
Wade H. Goodwin, 
Zaccheus Holmes, 
Alex. Hopkins, 
Luther Hutchins, 
Frederick P. Ingalls, 
Edward J. Jones, 
Robert E. Keith, 
John T. Lawton, 



John C. Leighton, 
Thomas J. Loud, 
William D. Martin, 
William H. Mason, 
C. Judson Merrill, 
Harum Merrill, 
William Munroe, 
Henry Nichols, 
Daniel C. Page, 
John C. Pattee, 
David Patterson, 
Nathaniel A. Pennock, 
George D. Phillips, 
James Pierce, 
Isaac Pierce, 
William F. Reed, 
Edwin Rice, 
Thomas M. Smith, 
James E. Spear, 
Oliver H. Spurr, 
Henry C. Stratton, 
Henry Taylor, 
John G. N. Taylor, 
Jacob C. Tallant, 
George W. Tuckerman, 
Samuel S. Vialle, 
Edward A. Vose, 
William Whitwell, 
John Wilson. 



191 



The following Constables attend the Ward Meetings of the 
citizens on Election Day. 



Ward. 

1 — James E. Spear. 
2 — William Munroe. 
3_William Calder. 
4 — G-eorge D. Phillips. 
5 — David Patterson. 
6_William Whitwell. 



Ward. 

7 — Nathaniel A. Pennock. 

8 — Ephraim W. Farr. 

9 — Isaac A. Cooledge. 
10 — Zaccheus Holmes. 
11 — Albert G-. Dawes. 
12 — John T. Lawton. 



Constables appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen to make 
complaints against Truant Children and Absentees from 
School. [City Ordinances, pp. 546, 549. Salary $1,000 
each per annum.] 



William F. Reed, 
John C. Pattee, 



Chase Cole. 



PRINTING AND ADVERTISING. 

Messrs. George C. Rand & Avery, 3 Cornhill, City Printers. 
Work done by contract. [City Ordinances, p. 396.] 

The newspapers in which the City Ordinances, Advertisements, 
S^c, are published, comprise all the daily papers. [Selected 
by the City Council, usually in the month of April.] 



SEWERS. 

[Ord. p.487.] 

Simeon B. Smith, Superintendeiit of Common Sewers. Office, 
City Hall. Salary $1,000. [Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



192 
SOLICITOR. 

[Ord. p. 489.] 

John P. Healy, City Solicitor, Office, No. 46 Court street. 
Salary $3,000 and $400 for clerk hire and office expenses. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 



STREETS. 



The Board of Aldermen are Surveyors of Highways. [Char- 
ter, § 41.] 

Alfred T. Turner, Superintendent of Streets. Office, City Hall. 
Salary $1,700. [Cliosen by concurrent vote. City Ordi- 
nances, p. 520.] 



TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

Frederic U. Tracy, City and Cotmty Treasurer and Collector. 
Salary $3,000; and $6,500 for permanent assistant clerks. 
[Chosen by the City Council in Convention, in May. City 
Charter, § 42.] 

DEPUTY COLLECTORS. 



Henry Nichols, 
Edwin Rice, 
Francis V. Bulfinch. 



James Pierce, 

Alexander Hopkins, 

Eben F. Gay, 

Ephraim L. Eliot, 
[Appointed by Treasurer. Statutes 1821. 110, §§ 11, 13. 
City Ordinances, p. 537.] They are also appointed Constables 
by the Mayor and Aldermen. 



193 



Elisha Copeland, City Auditor. Salary $2,500, and $2,200 for 
clerk hire. [Chosen by concurrent vote of the City Coun- 
cil, in May. City Ordinances, p. 160.] 



WATER DEPAETMENT. 

[Ord. p. 568. Mun. Reg. p. 72.] 
COCHITUATE WATER BOARD FOR 1858. 

Office No. 119 J Washington street. 
John H. Wilkins, President. 



Samuel Hatch, 
Tisdale Drake, 
Ebenezer Johnson, 



Benjamin James, 
Thomas P. Rich, 
Samuel Hall. 



[Chosen by concurrent vote.] 

Samuel N. Dyer, Clerk. 

William F. Davis, Water Registrar. Salary $1,200. 

Office, City Hall. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote. Ordinances, p. 571.] 

CITY ENGINEER. 

James Slade. Salary $2,800. Office, 119^ Washington st. 

[Chosen by concurrent vote. Ordinances, p. 425.] 

N. Henry Crafts, Assistant Engineer. Salary $1,200. 



The following City Officers are paid by fees, and are annu- 
ally appointed by the City Council. [Ordinances, pp. 330, 
346.J 

SURVEYOR GENERAL OF LUMBER. 

Oliver Frost. Ofiice 164 State street. 
[Chosen by concurrent vote. Mun. Reg., p. 113.] 
Deputy Surveyors appointed by the Surveyor General for 1858. 
25 



194 



Surveyors of Pine Lumber. 

Timothj Abbot, - - 21 Broadway, South Boston. 

Charles Bullard, - - 14 Fayette street. 

Martin H. Cross, - - 122 Lexington street. 

George Davis, . - - 4 West Brookline street. 

Erastus J. Fowler, - - 11 Meridian st.. East Boston. 

George Hall, - - - 20 Causeway street. 

William T. Hight, - - 78 Princeton st.. East Boston. 

William Keith, - - 4 Lyndboro' place. 

John Lefavor, - - 2 Porter street. East Boston. 

Josiah Marston, - - 206 Fourth st.. South Boston. 

Thomas Milliken, - - 37 Ash street. 

Bradbury G. Prescott, - 122 Lexington street. 

George Page, - - G st., near Broadway, South 

Edward Willett, - - 35 Porter street. [Boston. 

Samuel Waldron, - - 238 Fourth st.. South Boston. 

Shadrach Wade, - - 54 Hanson street. 

Surveyors of Oak and Ship Stock. 

Seth Brooks, - - - Saratoga, near Meridian st., 

East Boston. 
Charles Brooks, - - 75 Meridian st., E. Boston. 
Gad Leavitt, - - - Franklin House. 

E. Kirk Sparrell, - - 159 Border st.. East Boston. 

Surveyor of Mahogany and Cedar. 
Nathaniel Bryant, - - 31 Dover street. 
Surveyor of Marble. — Thomas J. Bayley. 
Inspector of Lime. — Andrew Abbott. 
Fence Viewers. — Guy C. Haynes, Melzar Stetson. 
Cullers of Dry Fish. — Nehemiah P. Mann, Moses Miller. 
Cullers of Hoops and Staves. — Lewis Beck, Beujamin Abbot. 
Field Drivers and Found Keepers. — Samuel Stinson, Joseph 
Gallup, Isaac M. Mellen. 



195 



Weighers, and Inspectors of Lighters and other vessels. — Abijah 
R. Tewksburj, Henry Curtis, John Davis, James J. Flynn. 
[Appointed in March or April. Ordinances, p. 48. Mun. 
Reg. p. 81.] 

The following are appointed by the Mayor and Aldermen. 
Weighers of Hay, ^c. 

North Scales. — John R. Bradford. 

South Scales. — Maurice B. Rowe. [Ordinances, p. 237.] 

Measurers of Upper Leather. — ^William Bragdon, George W. 
Bragdon. [Ordinances, p. 321.] 

Measurers of Wood and BarJc. — Timothy Abbot, B. G. Fres- 
co tt. [Ordinances, p. 598.] 
Measurer of Grain. — Rufus B. Bradford. [Mun. Reg. pp. 32, 34.] 

City Crier. — George Hill. [Licensed from time to time, until 
the first day of May following. Ordinances, p. 137.] 

Sealers of Weights and Measures. — 0. J. B. Moulton, Henry 
A. Davis. [Ordinances, pp. 583, 592.] 

Inspectors and Weighers of Bundle Hay. — Israel M. Barnes, 
Samuel B. Livermore, B. M. Nevers, Caleb W. Hartshorn, 
Joseph Urann, Henry R. Andrews, Charles S. Kendall, 
Henry Emerson, Isaac Bullard, William S. Holmes. [Or- 
dinances, p. 235.] 



COUNTY OFFICERS. 

SUPERIOE COURT. 
[Ord. p. 231.] 

This Court, established by the Legislature of 1855, in 
place of the Court of Common Pleas, for the County of Suf 



196 



folk only, holds its terms in Boston on the first Tuesdays of 
January, March, May, July, September, and November, annu- 
ally. [Act 1855, chap. 449.] 
Chief Justice. — Charles Allen. Salary |3,200. 
Associate Justices. — Charles P. Huntington, Stephen G. Nash, 

Marcus Morton, Jr. Salary $3,000. 
CZerA:.— Joseph Willard. Salary $2,000. [Elected by the 

people once in five years.] 
Assistant Clerk. — Joseph A. Willard. Salary $1,500. 
Crier. — James Boyle. 

MUNICIPAL COURT. 
[Ord. p. 119.] 

The duties of Judges of the Municipal Court of the City of 
Boston, are performed, by the Justices of the Superior 
Court, or some one of them. [Act 1855, chap. 449, sec. 
16.] 

George W. Cooley, Attorneij. [Elected by the people once 
in three years.] 

Augustus 0. Brewster, Assistant Attorney. [Stat. 1856, chap. 
67. Appointed by the Executive.] 

Thomas W. Phillips, ClerTi. 

Henry Homer, Crier and Messenger. 

SHERIFFS AND CORONERS. 

John M. Clark, Sheriff and Jailer. 
Deputies. 

Benjamin P. Bayley, 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 
Francis 0. Irish, Chelsea. 



George W. Loud, 
William P. Baker, 
Alonzo P. Neale, 



William S. Bartlett, Deputy Jailer. 
Charles Smith, Edwin Rice, Erastus W. Sanborn, Jacob Her- 
rick, Charles H. Stedman, William Andrews, William M. 
Cornell, Jasper H. York, J. S. H. Pogg. Erastus Rugg 
and Hamlett Bates, Chelsea. Edward Floyd, Winthrop, 
Coroners. 



197 



POLICE COURT. 
[Ord. p. 124.] 

John Gray Eogers, Thomas Russell; Sebeus C. MainO; Jus- 
tices of the Police Court and of the Justices^ Court. Salary 
$2,200 each. [Rev. Stat. ch. 87.] 
Thomas Power, Clerk. Salary |1,800. [Ord. pp. 90^ 93, 97.] 
"William Knapp, Assistant Clerk. Salary $1,600. Rev. Stat, 
ch. 87.] Seth Tobey, Second Assistant Clerk. Salary 
$1,500. Jacob IJomer, Third Assistant Clerk. Salary 



PEOBATB AND INSOLVENT COURT. 

Office Court Square. 

Isaac Ames, Judge. 

William C. Brown, Register, 

The Judge of Probate is appointed by the Executive. The 
Register was elected in 1858 by the people for five years. 
[Stat. 1858, chap. 93.] 

REGISTRY OP DEEDS. 

Offce Court Square. 

Henry Alline, Register of Deeds. [Elected by the people in 
1858 for three years.] 



The Judge of Probate and Insolvency and the Justices of the 
Police Court are the Inspectors of Prisons. [Rev. Statutes, 
p. 784. Act 1843, ch. 61, § 2.] 

William Knapp, Secretary to the Inspectors. Salary $75. 

The Judge of Probate and the three Justices of the Police 

Court, constitute the Board of Acco2mts for the County. 

[Revised Statutes, p. 164. Ordinance, p. 130.] They are 

allowed $3 for each day's actual service in auditing the 

County Accounts, 



198 



William Knapp, Secretary. Salary $75. 

William Easterbrook, Keeiper of the County Court House. Sal- 
ary $700. 

Samuel Canning, Assistant Keeper. Salary $700. [Appointed 
by Mayor and Aldermen, subject to approval of Supreme 
Court.] 

Silas Warren, Superintendent of the Lock-ups under the Court 
House. [Detailed for this duty from the Police Depart- 
ment, by the Chief of Police.] 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

FOR 1859. 



Hon. Frederic W. LiNCOLisr, Jr., Mayor, Ex officio. 
J. Putnam Bradlee, President of the Common Council, Ex 



oiticio. 



TERM EXPIRES JAN., 1860. TERM EXPIRES JAN., 1861. TERM EXPIRES JAN., 1862 



Ward. 

1-Matthias Rich, Jr., 
Micah Dyer, Jr. 

2-J. W. Hinckley, 
W. H. Cudworth. 

3-Silas F. Plimpton, 
E. W. Sanborn. 

4-Alonzo A. Miner, 
A. D. Parker. 

5-Henry A. Miles, 
William E. Coale. 

6-Sam'l K, Lothrop, 
John Codman. 

7-Patrick Riley, 
Henry W. Haynes. 

8-Rufus Ellis, 
Elijah C. Drew. 

9-William Read, 
N. C. Keep. 

10-Thaddeus Allen, 
E. B. Dearborn. 

11-Samuel B. Cruft, 
W.H.Learnard, Jr 

12-William W. Dean, 
George P. French 



Greorge Fabyan, 
Charles A. Turner. 

James N. Sykes, 

J. Harvey Woodbury. 

Isaac H. Hazelton, 
Moses C. Greene. 

Nath'l B. Shurtleff, 
Ezra Palmer, Jr. 

John F. Jarvis, 
William E. Townsend. 

Robert W. Hooper, 
James W. Stone. 

Le Baron Russell, 
Farnham Plummer. 

George H. Lyman, 
John B. Alley. 

Winslow Lewis, 
Joseph L. Drew. 

Otis Kimball, 
George G. Smith. 

Henry Burroughs, Jr. 
Thomas H. Chandler. 

George Wm. Dennett, 
John Duncan. 



Adino B. Hall, 
William A. Krueger. 

John Noble, 
Samuel T. Cobb. 

Edward D. G. Palmer, 
[Vacancy.] 

George Bartlett, 
Loring Lothrop. 

Theophilus R.Marvin, 
Otis Nor cross. 

J. Baxter Upham, 
John C. Stockbridge. 

Charles D. Homanij, 
John C. Moore. 

Thomas M. Brewer, 
Richard M. Hodges. 

John P. Putnam, 
E. H. Ammidown. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 
Samuel J. M. Homer. 

Charles W. Slack, 
Frederick F. Thayer. 

Thomas Dawes, 
Choate •Burnham. 



John D. Philbrick, 

Superintendent of Public Schools. Of&ce in City Hall. Office 
hours from 12 to 2 o'clock. 

Barnard Capen, Secretary of the School Committee. 



OEGANIZATION 



BOARD OF SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

COMMITTEE ON ELECTIONS. 

Messrs. Silas F. Plimpton, 5 Court street. 
Joseph L. Drew, 52 Warren street. 
Charles A. Turner, 107 Salem street. 
James W. Stone, 130 Commercial street. 
William A. Krueger, 42 Sheafe street. 

committee on rules and regulations. 

Messrs. Henry A. Miles, 21 Bromfield street. 

Samuel K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 
William Eead, 713 Wasliington street. 
Farnham Plummer, 40 State street. 
N. C. Keep, 74 Boylston street. 

committee on salaries. 

Messrs. Ezra Palmer, 1 Tremont place. 

Theo. R. Marvin, 42 Congress street. 
Otis Kimball, 108 State street. 
Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 
M. C. Greene, 15 Green street. 



committee on accounts. 

9 

Messrs. John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 
Elijah C. Drew, 40 State street. 
Otis Norcross, 10 McLean street. 
George Bartlett, 3 Tremont place. 



201 



COMMITTEE ON TEXT BOOKS. 

Messrs. S. K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 
John Codman, 4 Court street. 
Lb Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 
John P. Putnam, 19 Court street. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 

COMMITTEE ON SCHOOL HOUSES. 

Messrs. Egbert W. Hooper, 107 Beacon street. 
Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leveret street. 
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 
Samuel B. Cruft, 201 Shawmut avenue. 
George P. French, 378 Broadway. 

committee on music. 

Messrs. William Read, 713 Washington street. 
J. Baxter Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 
Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 
Edmund B. Dearborn, 1 Norfolk avenue. 
Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 



latin and high schools. 



latin school, BEDFORD STREET. 
COMMITTEE. 

John Oodman, Chairman, 4 Court street. 
Henry W. Haynes, Secretary, 35 Court street. 
Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, 2 Beacon street. 
RuFus- Ellis, 4 Exeter place. 
William Read, 713 Washington street. 

Francis Gardner, Master. 

Charles J. Capeu, William R. Dimmock, Edwin A. Gibbens, 

George W. C. Noble, and Moses Merrill, Ushers. 
N. B. M. De Montrachy, Teacher of French. 
26 



202 

ENGLISH HIGH SCHOOL; BEDFORD STREET. 
COMMITTEE. 

S. K. LOTHROP, Chairman^ 12 Chestnut street. 
Henry A. Miles, 21 Bromfield street. 
George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 
John P. Putnam, 19 Court street. 
John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Thomas Sherwin, Master. 
Charles M. Cumston, First Sub-Master. 
Luther W. Anderson, Second Sub-Master. 
Ephraim Hunt and Charles Carroll, Usheri,. 
William N. Bartholomew, Teacher of Drawing. 



girls' high and normal school, mason street, 
committee. 
Le Baron Russell, Chairman^ 1 Otis place. 
Henry Burroughs, Jr., Secretary, 82 Waltham st. 
Ezra Palmer, 1 Tremont place. 
George H. Lyman, 152 Tremont street. 
Thomas M. Brewer, 131 Washington street. 

William H. Seavey, Master. 
Mary A. Currier, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Harriet E. Caryl, Caroline E. Sparrell, 

Maria A. Bacon, Margaret A. Badger, 

Helen W. Avery. 

Carl Zerrahn, Teacher of Vocal Music. 
William N. Bartholomew, Teacher of Drawing. 
Jules Macheret, Teacher of French. 



203 



THE SCHOOL DISTEICTS, 

ARRANGED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER. 



ADAMS SCHOOL DISTEICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



James N. Sykes, Chairman, 8 Terrace place. 
Samuel T. Cobb, Secretary, 2 Belmont square. 
J. Wesley Hinckley, 29 Meridian street. 
Warren H. Cud worth, 1 Meridian street. 
John Noble, 81 Lexington street. 
J. Harvey Woodbury, 112 Meridian street. 

Adams School, Belmont Square, East Boston. 

Percival W. Bartlett, Master. 
Robert C. Metcalf, Sub-Master. 

Jane S. Tower, Margarett J. Allison, and Elizabeth E. Lothrop, 
Head Assistants. 



Lucy A. Wiggin, 
Fanny E. Edmunds, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Eliza A. Wiggin, 
Sarah J. D'Arcy, 
Sarah F. Cooke. 



Jane M. Hight, 
Mary E. Lothrop, 



Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Sub- Committees 


Rosa L. Morse, 
Emily C. Morse, 
Louisa D. Pratt, 
Sarah F. Wiggin, 
Annette A. Webster, 
Elizabeth H. Allen, 


No. 1-Sumner street, 
2 " 
3 

4 " a 

Adams Sch. ho. 
No. 1-Webster street, 

2 

3 

4 

5 


> Mr. Sykes. 


Susan D. Wilde, 
Helen A. Plumley, 
Esther L. Morse, 


' Mr. Cobb. 



204 



BIGELOW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

Thomas Dawes, Chairman, G- street, near Fourtli. 
(Ieorge p. Feench, Secretary, 378 Broadway. 
William W. DeajST, 134 Broadway. 
Choate Burnham, 284 Broadway. 
George Wm. Dennett, 372 Broadway. 
JofiN Duncan, Fourth street, near F. 



Bigelow School, Fourth street, South Boston. 

Joseph Hale, Master. 
Julia M. Baxter, Celinda Seaver, and Rachel C. Mather, 
Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Martha C. Jenks, Elizabeth Williams, Jane M. Cherrington, 
Lucy E. Lovell, Emily A. Russell, Louisa M. Wellington. 

Caroline E. Poree, Teacher of Sewing. 

Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Siib- Committees. 


Annie C. Gill, No 


l-Bigelow Sch. ho. 


Mr. Duncan. 


Elizabeth A. Groves, 


2 " 


" Dennett. 


Ruth S. Dillaway, 


3 




Sarah E. R. Manning, 


4 


" Burnham. 


Tiley Ann Bolkcom, 


Wait's Hall, 


" Dean. 


Sarah A. Graham, 


1-Lyceum Hall, 


" Burnham. 


Ellen L. Ashcroft, 


1-Wash. Village, 


" Duncan. 


Emeline L. Tolman, 


2 " 


" Dean. 


Kate A. Clement, 


Mattapan Hall, 


" Dennett. 



205 



BOWDOIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Chairman, 2 Beacon street. 

Silas F. Plimpton, Secretary, 2 Cambridge street. 

Ezra Palmer, 1 Tremont place. 

J. Baxter Upham, 31 Chestnut street. 

Alonzo a. Miner, 28 Green street. 

Robert W. Hooper, 107 Beacon street. 

Erastus W. Sanborn, 5 Hancock street. 

William E. Townsend, 15 Cambridge street. 

Loring Lothrop, 48 Bowdoin street. 

James W. Stone, 130 Commercial street. 



Bowdoin School, Myrtle street. 

Daniel C. Brown, Master. 

Mary A. Murdock, Rebecca Lincoln, and Marcy Ann Smith, 

Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Mary S. Robinson, Martha A. Palmer, Mary A. Proctor, 
Elizabeth B. Mitchell, Sophia B. Horr, Irene W. Wentworth. 
Hannah S. Andrews, Mary M. Clapp, 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 


Location. 


Sub- Committees. 


Malverda N. Parker, 


No. l-Bowdoin sq. ch. 


Mr. Miner. 


Mary A. Howe, 


2 


" Plimpton. 


C. Eliza Wason, 


1-Joy street, 


" Lothrop. 


Charlotte A. Curtis, 


1- Fruit street, 


" Upham. 


S. Elizabeth Adams, 


1-Revere street. 


« Stone. 


Marianne Stephens, 


2 " " 


" Lothrop. 


F. D. R. Whitman, 


1-Blossom street, 


" Townsend. 


Lydia A. Woodward, 


2 '< It 


" Sanborn. 


Sarah A. Gushing, 


3 " 


" Townsend. 



206 



BOYLSTON SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

AuRELius D. Parker, Chairman, 20 Court street. 

Henry W. Haynes, Secretary^ 35 Court street. 

John Codman, 4 Court street. 

Charles D. Homans, 12 West street. 

Robert W. Hooper, 107 Beacon street. 

Le Baron Russell, 1 Otis place. 

Patrick Riley, 10 Lincoln street. 

Farnham Plummer, 40 State street. 

Joseph L. Drew, 52 Warren street. 

John C. Moore, 8 Fillmore court. 

Boylston School, Fort Hill. 
Charles Kimball, Master. Wm. T. Adams, Sub-Master. 

Willard S. Cobb, Usher. Lucy C. Howard, Head Ass't. 



Clarinda R. F. Treadwell, 
Ellen M. S. Treadwell, 
Maria A. Moulton, 
Mary L. Holland, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Rosetta M. Hodges, 

Mary S. Smith, 

Caroline Leavitt, 

Frances H. Nichols, 
Eliza A. Baxter, Teacher of Sewing. 
Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music 



Sarah E. Moulton, 
Ellen McKendry, 
Sarah Fuller. 



Teachers. 
Sarah A. Lombard, 
Margaret F. Tappan, 2 

Maria W. Parker, 3 

Adelia E. Edwards, 4 

Emily Peaslee, 5 

Abby M. Parker, 6 

Mary E. Sawyer, 7 

Maria B. Clapp, 8 

Celeste Weed, 9 

A. E. N. Treadwell, 
Anna M. Desmond, 
Angelia M. Newmarch, 
Octavia C. Heard, 3 

Maria J. Coburn, 4 

Mary G. Hillman, 5 

Julia B. Lombard, 
Anna M. Lecain, 
Harriette B. Cutler, 

H. Isabella Hopkins, 

Lydia B. Felt, 
Mary A. Davis, 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 
Location. 
No. 1-Lane place. 



Fort Hill, 
1-Williams street, 

2 



Purchase place. 
Belcher lane, 



High street, 
it (( 



Sub- Committees. 

I Messrs. Russell and 
r Plummer. 

Mr. Drew. 

t Mr. Parker. 

Mr. Drew. 
) Messrs. Riley and 
j Haynes. 

Mr. Hooper. 
" Moore. 
" Hooper. 
" Moore. 
" Hooper. 

>• " Homans. 

" Codman. 
) Messrs. Riley and 
) Haynes. 

Mr. Codman. 

" Hooper. 



207 



BKIMMER SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Geoege H. Lyman, Chairman, 152 Tremont street. 

John B. Alley, 35 Boylston street. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

William Read, Secretary, 713 Washington street. 

Otis Kimball, 38 Common street. 

Winslow Lewis, 75 Boylston street. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 WasMngton.street. 

John P. Putnam, 19 Court street. 

Edwaed H. Ammidown, 101 Boylston street. 



Brimmer School, Common street. 



Joshua Bates, Master. 

Wm. L. P. Boardman, Usher. 



Fred. A. Sawyer, Sub-Master. 
Rebecca L. Duncan, Head Ass't. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Mary E. Beck, Mercie T. Snow, 

Susan P. Cunningham, Ellen B. Cunningham, 
Mary M. Knight, ■ Augusta H. Farrar, 

Amanda Snow. 
Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



peimary schools. 



Teachers. 
Elizabeth Goodridge, 
Ehza E. Foster, 
Ellen F. Andrews, 
Sarah R. Bowles, 
Sarah Farley, 
Dorcas B. Baldwin, 
Deborah K. Burgess, 
M. Anne Bourne, 
Cath. M. E. Richardson 
Rebecca J. Weston, 
Martha J. Cooledge, 



Location. 
No. 1-Brimmer Sch.ho. 
2 
1-Warren street, 

2 

3 " 

4 " " 

5 " 

6 " 
1-Newbern place, 

2 " " 

3 " 



Sub- Committees. 

Read and Kimball. 
Kimball and Read. 
Lewis and Alley. 
Alley and Lyman. 
Kimball and Lewis. 
Read and Lewis. 
Putnam & Ammidown. 
Ammidown & Putnam. 
Rolfe and Allen. 
Allen and Rolfe. 
Allen and Rolfe. 



208 



CHAPMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT, 

COMMITTEE. 

J. Harvey Woodbury, Chairman, 112 Meridian st. 

Warren H. Cudworth, Secretary, 1 Meridian street. 

James N. Sykes, 8 Terrace place. 

J. Wesley Hinckley, 29 Meridian street. 

Samuel T. Cobb, 2 Belmont square. 

John Noble, 81 Lexington street. 

Chapman School, Eutaw street. 

John P. Averill, Master. 
William H. Ward, Sub-Master. 

Estelle Ditson, Philura Wright, and Emily H. Ward, 
Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Adeline E. Clapp, 
Mary A. H. Pingrey, 
Annie E. Walker, 
Maria D. Kimball, 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Music. 



A. Delia Stickney, 
Mary Stone, 
Mary E. Moore. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Mary C Hall, 
Louisa Curtis, 
Elizabeth Gl. Johnson, 
Huldah H. Mitchell, 
Emily C. Sturtevant, 
Mary D. Day, 
Jane E. Beale, 
Sarah A. Pratt, 
Mary E. Morse, 

Zelinda L. Barnes, 
M. Louise Colburn, 
Hannah F. Crafts, 



Location. 
-Lexington street, 



No. 1- 
2 

3 " 
1-Porter street, 

2 " 

3 " 

4 " 

5 " 
1-Saratoga street, 

2 " 

1 " (No. 87G.) 

2 " 
Monmouth street, 



Sub- Committees. 



Mr. Woodbury. 



Mr. Cudworth. 



)■ Mr. Noble. 



209 



DWIGHT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Samuel B. CrufT; Chairman, 201 Shawmut avenue. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

Henry W. Haynes, 35 Court street. 

Henry Burroughs, Jr., Secretary, 82 Waltham street. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

Thomas H. Chandler, 18 Dover street. 

Matthias Rich, Jr., 639 Tremont street. 

Joseph L. Drew, 52 Warren street. 

William H. Learn ard, Jr., 61 Rutland street. 

Frederick F. Thayer, 91 Waltham street. 

Charles W. Slack, 10 Garland street. 

Divight School for Boys, Springfield street. 

James A. Page, Master. 

Charles Hutchins, Sub-Master. 

J. Frank Bailey, Usher. 

Anna C. Ellis, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Clara B. Gould, 
Josephine H. Ellis, 
Eliza W. Snow, 
Mary TJ. Farr. 
Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 
Dwight School for Girls, Springfield street. 
George B. Hyde, Master. 
Eliza A. Harding, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Louisa Tucker, Frances A. Keller-,, 

Susan E. Green, Janet M. Crighton, 

Elnora G. Wright, Ann J. Bolden, 

Betsey H. Warren, Sarah W. Pollard. 

Eleanor L. Brown, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Emmabel S. Bailey, 
Lucretia S. Josselyn, 
Eliza C. Gould, 
Anna F. Halstrick, 





PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 






Teachers. 


Location. 


Suh- Committees 


Eliza G. Swett, 


No. 1-Rutland street, 


Mr. Craft. 


Augusta A. Davis, 


2 




' Chandler. 


Mary F. Moore, 


3 




' Haynes. 


Jane P. Titeomb, 


4 




' Drew. 


Henrietta Draper, 


5 




' Allen. 


Mary C. R. Towle, 


6 




' Burroughs. 


Caroline F. Barr, 


Old Dwigbt School Ho., 




' Rich. 


Mary A. Hall, 


a a a a 




' Slack. 


Elizabeth Newman, 


u li a a 




' Thayer. 


Caroline S. Lamb, 


a a u a 




' Learnard. 


Anna R. Frost, 


li it a a 




' Rolfe. 



27 



210 



ELIOT SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

MiCAH Dyer, Jr., Chairman, 14 Charter street. 

George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 

Edward D. G. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 

Adino B. Hall, 89 Salem street. 

M. C. Greene, 15 Green street. 

Charles A. Turner, Secretary, 107 Salem street. 

John F. Jarvis, 59 Leveret street. 

William A. Krueger, 42 Sheafe street. 

(Yacancy.) 

Eliot School, North Bennet street. 

Samuel W. Mason, Master. McLaurin F. Cooke, Sul-Master. 
Lucian Hunt, Usher. Abby A. Marsh, Head Assistant. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Sophia Shepard, Georgianna D. Russell. Clara H. Nickerson, 

Emily T. Shattuck, Frances M. Bodge, Sarah C. Goodrich, 

Elizabeth M. Turner, Gertrude Taylor, Anna L. Learnard, 

Anna E. Dyke, Angeline M. Cole, Fanny R. Richardson. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vo.cal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers. Location. 

No. 1-Snelling place, 



Sarah F. Train, 
Cornelia A. Adams, 
Clarissa Davis, 
Louisa Myers, 
Sarah C. Chevaillier, 
Harriet S. Boody, 
Eliza Brintnall, 
Susan D. Knowlton, 
Mary A. Cashing, 
Susan K. Vose, 
Julia Ann Cutts, 
L. Isahelle Tewkshury, 
Sarah Ripley, 
Helen M. Warner, 
Mary E. Barrett, 
Maria A. Gibbs, 



4 « " 

5 " " 

6 " " 
1-22 Charter st., 

9 a a u 

Q a a a 

4 (I a u 

l-rear 22 Charter st. 

() a ii li (' 

o a a a c 

1-Hanover avenue, 

2 " 

3 " 



Sub- Committees. 
Mr. Krueger. 

" Jarvis. 

" Dyer. 

" Palmer. 

" Jarvis. 

" Krueger. 

" Green. 

I " Hall. 

" Palmer. 
" Fabyan. 
" Turner. 
" Fabyan. 
Turner. 



}< 



vacancy.) 



211 



FRANKLIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Thomas H. Chandler, Chairman, 18 Dover street. 

Rupus Ellis, 4 Exeter place. 

Samuel B. Cruft, 201 Shawmut avenue. 

Thaddeus Allen, 1 Harvard court. 

Edmund B. Dearborn, Secretanj, 1 Norfolk avenue. 

George G. Smith, 23 Pine street. 

Joseph L. Drew, 52 Warren street. 

Charles W. Slack, 10 Garland street. 

Frederick F. Thayer, 91 Waltham street. 

William H. Learnard, Jr., 61 Rutland street. 

FranTclin School, Ringgold Street. 
Samuel L. Gould, Master. 

HEAD ASSISTANTS. 

Catharine T. Simonds, Frances E. Messinger, Sarah A. Gale. 

ft 

ASSISTANTS. 

Elizabeth M. Bradbury, Mary A. Mitchell, 

Elizabeth J. Brown, Frances B. Wadsworth, 

Sarah P. Mitchell, Lucy Isabel Barry, 

Mary J. Leach, Mary H. Ellis. 

Maria S. Wolcott, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 

primary schools. 



Teachers. 


Location. 




Sub- Committees. 


Jane S. Hobart, 


No. 1-Genesee street, 




Mr. Slack. 


Susan H. Chaffee, 


2 " " 


} 


" Drew. 


Abbie K. Sweetser, 


3 


Helen E. Eaton, 


1-West Castle st., 


} 


" Allen. 


Emeline J. Brown, 


2 " 


Josephine G-. Whipple 
Ellen Wright, 


, 1-Indiana place, 

2 " " 


} 


" Dearborn. 


Caroline A. Miller, 


1-Groton street, 




" Learnard. 


Lucy M. Beck, 


2 




" Ellis. 


Eliza J. Dyar, 


3 




" Chandler. 


Eliza Ann Tirrill, 


4 




" Smith. 


Hannah M. Coolidge, 


5 




" Thayer. 


Harriet M. Faxon, 


6 




** Cruft. 



212 



HANCOCK SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 

Adino B. Hall, Chairman, 89 Salem street. 
George Fabyan, 191 Salem street. 
Edward D. G. Palmer, 13 Portland street. 
MiCAH Dyer, Jr., 14 Charter street. 
Erastus W. Sanborn, 5 Hancock street. 
Alonzo a. Miner, 28 Green street. 
M. C. Greene, 15 Green street. 
Charles A. Turner, Secretary, 107 Salem street. 
William A. Krueger, 42 Sheafe street. 
George Bartlett, 3 Tremont place. 

Hancock School, Richmond place. 
George Allen, Jr., Master. 
Phineas G. Parmenter, Sub-Master. 
Angelina A. Brigham, Head Assistant. 



Henrietta L. Pierce, 
Sarah E. White, 
Malvina R. Brigham, 
L. Emeline Pomeroy, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Achsah Barnes, 

Mary S. Gale, 

Mary J. Wason, 

Eleanora Breasha, 
Mary A. McKay, Teacher of Sewing, 
Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Emily 0. Spencer, 
Sarah M. Works* 
Mary J. Fuller. 



PRIMARY schools. 



Teachers. 
Mary L. Cunningham, No. 
Sarah L. Shepard, 
Sarah F. Ellis, 
Nancy B. Seaver, 
Amelia M. Bell, 
Elizabeth F, Frye, 
Emily A. Tewksbury, 
Margaret W. Hall, 
Sarah F. Whitmore, 
Harriet B. Vose, 
Cordelia R. Reed, 
Martha F. Boody, 
Mary B. Viles, 
Anna E. Page, 
Susan Page, 
Betsey L. Canedy, 
Anna H. Burns, 



Location. 




Suh- Committees. 


1-Thacher street, 

2 " " 

3 " " 
1-N. Margin street 

2 


} 


Mr. 


Dyer. 

Bartlett. 
Miner. 


1-Hanover street, 

2 " " 

3 " " 
1-Bennet avenne, 

2 " " 




Sanborn. 

Greene. 

Hall. 

Krueger. 


1-Sheafe street, 
2 " " 


] 




Fabyan. 


3 " 
1-Cooper street, 

2 " " 


J 




Dyer. 
Palmer. 


3 " " 

4 a a 


\ 




Turner. 



213 

HAWES SCHOOL DISTEICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

"William W. Dean, Chairman, 134 Broadway. 
George P. French, Secretary, 378 Broadway. 
Edmund B. Dearborn, 1 Norfolk avenue. 
George Wm. Dennett, 372 Broadway. 
Thomas Dawes, G street, near Fourth. 
John Duncan, Fourth street, near F. 
Choate Burnham, 284 Broadway. 



Hawes School, Broadway, South Boston. 

Samuel Barrett, Master. 

Charles A. Morrill, Sub-Master. William S. Clarke, Usher. 

Mary E. Balch, Head Assistant. 



assistants. 

Martha A. Dearborn, Myra S. Butterfield, 

Laura Bartlett, Lucy R. Loyd, 

Cynthia H. Sears. 
Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

Teachers. Location. Suh- Committees. 

Laura J. Gerry, No. l-RearHawessch.ho., Mr. Burnham. 

Caroline S. Burrill, 2 " " " " French. 

Harriet W. Hammond, 1-Blanchard's building, " Burnham. 

Mary H. Faxon, 2 " " " Dearborn. 

Ariadne B. Jewell, 2-City Point, " Dawes. 

Susan W. Smith, 4 .« .. » Dennett. 

Annie E. Wallcutt, Chapel, ") n t\ 

Martha E. Newmarch, " j -l^unean. 



214 

LAWEENCE SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

George P. French, Chairman and Sec'ry, 378 Broadway. 

William W. Dean, 134 Broadway. 

George Wm. Dennett, 372 Broadway. 

Thomas Dawes, G street, near Fourth. 

Joseph L. Drew, 52 Warren street. 

John Duncan, Fourth street, near F. 

Choate Burnham, 284 Broadway. 

Lawrence School, Third Street, South Boston. 

Josiah A. Stearns, Master. 

Henry C. Hardon, Sub-Master. 

L. F. Bradley, Lucy Floyd, Kate Towne, Head Assistants. 

ASSISTANTS. 

Margarette A. Moody, Olive M. JefFerds, Mary V. Dillaway, 
Alice Cooper, E. S. JefFerds, Mary W. Conant, 

Mary J. Newmarch, Louisa C. Richards, Jane L. Sharpe. 

Sarah J. BKss, Teacher of Sewing. 
Albert Drake, Teacher of Vocal Music. 





PRIMARY 


schools. 




Teachers. 




Location. 


Suh- Committees 


Lucinda Smith, 
Olive W. Green, 


No. 1- 

2 


-Silver street, 

11 n 


> Mr. Drew. 


Elizabeth C. Toombs, 


3 


ii 


" 


) 


Mary F. Peeler, 


4 


tc 


<< 


>- " Duncan. 


Maria D. Jarvis, 


5 


a 


" 


) 


Mary F. Baker, 


6 


ii 


(( 


" Drew. 


Martha A. Smith, 


1- 


Mather school house, " Dawes. 


Mary K. Davis, 


2 


(( 




' " Dennett. 


Sarah V. Cunningham 
Sarah K. Glover, 


, 3 
4 


^' 




' 1 " Dean. 


Rebecca H. Bird, 


5 


<f 




' ) 


Mary Lincoln, 


6 


<( 




' >" Burnham. 


Anna R. Thornton, 


7 


f ( 




' ) 


Mary A. Macnair, 


8 


li 




" Dennett. 


Laura A. Reed, 


9 


u 




' '* Dawes. 



215 



LYMAN SCHOOL DISTRICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



J. Wesley Hinckley, Chairman, 29 Meridian street. 

Warren H. Cudworth, 1 Meridian street. 

James N. Sykes, 8 Terrace place. 

J. Harvey Woodbury, 112 Meridian street. 

Charles A. Turner, 107 Salem street. 

John Noble, Secretary, 81 Lexington street. 

Samuel T. Cobb, 2 Belmont square. 



Lyman School, Meridian street, East Boston, 

Hosea H. Lincoln, Master. 

James F. Blackinton, Sub-Master. 

Mary 0. Buliinch, Mary S. Gage, Cordelia Lothrop, 

Head Assistants. 



ASSISTANTS. 

Almira G. Smith, Amelia H. Pitman, 

Mary A. Turner, Eliza F. Russell, 

Clara M. Crosby. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



Teachers. 
Angeline M. Cudworth, 
Mary F. Crosby, 
Isabella A. Bilby, 
Hannah C. Atkins, 
Susan H. M. Swan, 
Hannah L. Manson, 



PRIMARY schools. 
Location. 



No. 



1-Paris street, 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 



}' 



Sub- Committees. 
Mr. Noble. 



Mr. Hinckley. 



216 



MAYHEW SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Charles D. Homans, Chairman, 12 West street.' 

Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leveret street. 

T. R. Marvin, 42 Congress street. 

AuRELius D. Parker, 20 Court street. 

William E. Townsend, 15 Cambridge street. 

George Bartlett, 3 Tremont place. 

William E. Coale, Secretary, 4 Staniford street. 



Mayhew School, Hawhim street. 

Samuel Swan, Master, and Teacher of Vocal Music. 

Alfred Hewins, Sub-Master. Quincj B. Dickerman, Usher. 

Emily A. Moulton, Head Assistant. 



ASSISTANTS. 



Elizabeth P. Hopkins, 
Sarah W. I. Copeland, 
Elizabeth L. West, 



Helen H. Pearson, 
Adeline F. Cutter, 
Mary G. Powell. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Permelia Stevens, 
Caroline Wason, 
M. Electa Lauriat, 
Bethia Whiting, 
Caroline L. Brown,. 
Mary B. Parker, 
Harriet M. Warren, 
C. W. Callender, 
Harriet A. Farrow, 
Henrietta B. Tower, 



Location. 

No. 4— Mayhew sch. ho., 
1-So. Margin St., 
2-Merrimac street, 
3-Mayhew seh. ho., 
1-Old Han'k sch. ho. 

o (( ii a (( 

o u (( a <i 

A. " « " '^ 

1-Friend street, 



Sub- Committees. 
Mr. Marvin. 

" Townsend. 

" Hazelton. 

" Bartlett. 

" Homans. 

" Coale. 

" Homans. 

" Parker. 

" Bartlett. 



217 



PHILLIPS SCHOOL DISTEICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

.J. Baxter Upham, Chairman, 31 Chestnut street. 
Henry A. Miles, 15 Allen street. 
N. 0. Keep, 74 Boylston street. 
John 0. Stockbridge, 42 Charles street. 
Otis Norcross, 10 McLean street. 
S. K. Lothrop, 12 Chestnut street. 
James W. Stone, 130 Commercial street. 
Loring Lothrop, Secretary, 48 Bowdoin street. 

Phillips School, West Centre street. 

James Hovey, Master. 

Amphion Gates, Sub-Master. John M. Colcord, Us/wr. 

Helen L. Gilson, Head Assistant. 



Clara W. Cushman, 
Elvira M. Harrington, 

Lucy S. Nevins, 
Hannah M. Sutton, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Harriet A. Cunningham, 
Laura M. Porter, 
Emily A. Perkins, 
M. Josephine Duganne. 



Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Mmic. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Mary A. Allen, 
Sarah A. M. Turner, 
Lydia F. Poole, 
Caroline P. Eastman, 
Abby A. Lincoln, 
Eliza A. Corthell, 
Sarah In galls, 
Harriet II. King, 
Emeline D. Fish, 
Ruth M. Sanborn, 

28 



Location. 

No. 1-Southac street, 

2 " " 

3 

4 « << 

1-West Cedar street, \ 
2 " " " J 
1-Phillips sch. house, 
2-Joy street, 

Charles st. Church, ) 
Western avenue, j 



Suh- Committees. 


Mr. 


, S. K. Lothrop. 
Stone. 

Stockbridge. 
Norcross. 




Upham. 




Miles. 

L. Lothrop.. 




Keep, 



218 



QUINCT SCHOOL DISTKICT. 



COMMITTEE. 



Rffus Ellis, Chairman^ 4 Exeter place. 

Thomas M. Brewer, 131 Washington street. 

Patrick Riley, 10 Lincoln street. 

Otis Kimball, 38 Common street. 

Elijah C. Drew, 21 Harrison avenue. 

George G. Smith, 23 Pine street. 

Samuel J. M. Homer, Secretary, 100 Federal street. 

Edward H. Ammidown, 104 Federal street. 

Richard M. Hodges, 43 Chaimcy street. 



Quincy School, Old Franklin School House, Washington street. 

Charles E. Valentine, Master. Benj. W. Putnam, Sub-Master. 

Richard F. Putnam and Edward Gay, Ushers. 

Josephine L. Tucker, Head Assistant. 



Lydia A. Hanson, 
Julia A. Burrill, 
Harriet D. Hinckley, 



ASSISTANTS. 

Angelina A. Moulton, Olive M. Page, 
E. Maria Simonds, Sarah E. Chandler, 
Caroline A. Morris, Elizabeth T. Bailey, 
Charlotte L. Wheelwright. 
Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



leachers. 

Sophronia N. Herrick, 
Hannah A. Lawrence, 
Adeline Stockhridge, 
Lucy C. Haskell, 
Mary C. Greene, 
Charlotte L. Young, 
Sarah C. Sanderson, 
Elizabeth S. Emmons, 
Mary A. B. Gore, 
Caroline L. P. Torrey, 
Caroline M. Grover, 
Frances Torrey, 
Hannah E. Moore, 
Hannah L. Bilhngs, 
Emily B. Peck, 
Harriet A. Dow, 



Location. 




Sul 


- Committees. 


No. 1-East street place, 

2 a a a 


} 


Mr, 


. Brewer. 


Q li il u 

^ « a a 


J 

} 


a 


Biley. 


1-E. Orange street, 
2 '■<' " 


{ 


a 


Ammidown 


3 " 




li 


Homer. 


Harrison avenue, 




" 


Smith. 


1-Tyler street, 
2 " " 


} 


(.(. 


Drew. 


3 « " 




'( 


Homer. 


4 « c 




(< 


Drew. 


5 •" 




<f 


Homer. 


6 " " 




<i 


Drew. 


1-Hudson street. 




" 


Smith. 


2 « 




(( 


Hodges. 



219 



WELLS SCHOOL DISTRICT. 
COMMITTEE. 

Henry A. Miles, Chairman, 15 Allen street. 

John F. Jarvis, Secretary, 59 Leveret street. 

Isaac H. Hazelton, 15 Leveret street. 

T. E. Marvin, 29 Lynde street. 

Silas F. Plimpton, 2 Cambridge street. 

M. C. Greene, 15 Green street. 

Otis Norcross, 10 McLean street. 

John C. Stockbridge, 42 Charles street. 

William E. Coale, 4 Staniford street. 



Wells School, Blossom street. 

Reuben Swan, Master. William H. Swan, Svh-Master. 

Matilda A. Gerry, Head Assistant. 



Sarah J. Lothrop, 
Susan C. French, 



assistants. 

Juliana Sparrell, 
Mary S. Carter, 
Lydia A. Beck. 



Lydia S. Chandler, 
Sarah E. Wiggin, 



Mary E. Mudge, Teacher of Sewing. 
Edwin Bruce, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Mary L. Bailey, 
Anna A. James, 
Elizabeth W. Snow, 
Augusta H. Foster, 
Lucy M. A. Redding, 
Elmina R. Housley, 
Elizabeth S. Grater, 
Elizabeth S. Foster, 
Mary A. H. Cotting, 
Mary S. Watts, 



Location. 




Sub- Gommitteei 


1-Wall street, 
2 " " 


} 


Mr. Hazehon. 


3 " " 

4 '< « 


J 

} 


" Marvin. 


5 " " 

6 " " 


J 


" Stockbridge. 
" Greene. 


1-Milton *' 




" Jarvis. 


2 " « 
2-Spring street place, 
2- Wells school house, 


" Plimpton. 
" Coale. 
" Norcross. 



220 



WINTHROP SCHOOL DISTETCT. 

COMMITTEE. 

Thomas M. Brewer, Chairman, 131 Washington street. 

John B. Alley, Secretary, 35 Boylston street. 

John P. Putnam, 97 Boylston street. 

Edmund B. Dearborn, 1 Norfolk avenue. 

Elijah C. Drew, 21 Harrison avenue. 

Enoch C. Rolfe, 563 Washington street. 

N. C. Keep, 74 Boylston street. 

Samuel J. M. Homer, 100 Federal street. 

Edward H. Ammidown, 104 Federal stieeet. 

Richard M. Hodges, 43 Chauncy street. 

Winthrop School, Tremont street. 
Robert Swan, Master. 

HEAD ASSISTANTS. 

Susan A. W. Loring, Martha E. Towne^ 

Rebecca P. Barry, Almira Seymour, 

Maria L. S. Holbrook. 

ASSISTANTS. 



Eliza J. Eeed, Mary E. Scales, 

Georgianna E. Sparrell, Mary E. Davis, 
Emily M. Hathaway, Mary Newell. 



Mary Jane Danforth, 
Elizabeth R. Briggs, 
L. Ellen Sprague, 
Hannah H. Hosmer, 

Harriette A. Eolfe, Teacher of Sewing. 

Charles Butler, Teacher of Vocal Music. 



primary schools. 



Teachers. 

Anna 0. Jones, 
Mary B. Browne, 
Rebecca R. Thayer, 
Mary A. Sylvester, 
Mary E. Pettingill, 
Mary A. Easterbrook, 
Anna E. Federhen, 
Fanny C. Jennison, 
Sarah E. Lewis, 
Dora Norton, 
Harriet A. Bettis, 
Priscilla Johnson, 
Elizabeth C. Frink, 
Ellen E. Leach, 



Location. 




Sub- Committees 


No. 1-Bumstead court, 




Mr. Putnam. 


2 




" Alley. 


3 " 




" Keep. 


1-East street. 




" Drew. 


2 " 






" Rolfe. 


3 " 






" Ammidown. 


4 .. 






" Hodges. 


5 " 






" Dearborn. 


6 " 






" Drew. 


7 " 






" Brewer. 


8 " 

9 " ' 




} 


*' Homer. 


10 " 




" Brewer. 


11 " 






" Hodges. 



221 



WARD OFFICERS 



18 5 9 



Warden. 
David Hill. 

Clerk. 
Thomas A. Mathews. 



Warden. 
David Y. Kendall. 

Clerk. 
John R. Macy. 



Warden. 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 

Clerk. 
Horatio Smith, 



Ward No. 1. 

Inspectors. 
George W. Perkins, 
Ludwig Nelson, 
Charles W. Wedger, 
Patrick McNearney, 
George A. Pond. 

Ward No. 2. 

Inspectors. 

Jairus Pratt, Jr., 
John Kennedy, 
Andrew Hall, 
Horace B. Butler, 
John Clifton, Jr. 

Ward No. 3. 

Inspectors. 

Asa D. Pattee, 
Leroy C. Hall, 
James W. Russell, 
Benjamin Wright, 
John D. Cadogan. 



222 



Warden. 
James Cheever. 

Clerk. 
Francis A. Osborn. 



Warden. 
John S. Pear. 

ClcrJc. 
Pelham Bonney, Jr. 



Warden. 
Thomas F. Nutter. 

Clerk. 
Frederick H. Henshaw. 



Warden. 
Edward Ryan. 

Clerk. 
George H. Hoyt. 



Warden. 
William M. Flanders. 

Clerk. 
George 0. Brigham. 



Ward No. 4. 

Inspectors. 
John F. Anderson, 
Uriel H. Crocker, 
George H. Kingsbury, 
William R. Emerson, 
Samuel C. Burr. 

Ward No. 5. 

Inspectors. 
Francis Green, 
Nathan M. Marble, 
A. G. Lyon, 
Edward W. Danforth, 
David D. Dana. 

Ward No. 6. 

Inspectors. 
Samuel L. Buss, 
Edward K. Gibson, 
Ezra Forristall, Jr., 
John H. Jackson, 
Cyrus H. Taggard. 

Ward No. 7. 

Inspectors. 
William Keating, 
William Byrne, 
Joseph E. Manning, 
John Finnegan, 
Patrick Lovett. 

Ward No. 8. 

Inspectors. 
John D. Bryant, 
Henry D. Williams, 
Stephen R. Cook, 
J. Tisdale Bradlee, 
George O. Sears. 



223 



Warden. 
Charles Hay den. 

Clerk. 
Joseph L. Drew, Jr. 

Warden. 
Abijah Ellis. 

Clerk. 
George H. Chapman. 



Warden. 
William Swinson. 

Clerk. 
Joseph Meyer. 

Warden. 
Gilbert Wait. 

■ Clerk, 
Hollis R. Gray. 



Ward No. 9. 

Inspectors. 
Benjamin F. Smith, 
Edward R. Hunt, 
P. J. Leeds, 
William D. Morris, 
Albert Carter. 

Ward No. 10. 

Inspectors. 

Moses C. Thompson, 
Charles C. Darling, 
Horace B. Fisher, 
John F. Dunning, 
Francis G. Allen. 

Ward No. 11. 

Inspectors. 
H. Winslow Tilton, 
Frederick C. Davis, 
James B. Sargent, 
William Copeland, 
Benjamin D. Whitcomb. 

Ward No. 12. 

Inspectors. 

James Bragdon, 
Rollin N. Hill, 
George W. Bail, 
Charles Gerrish, 
George B. Mitchell. 



224 



WARD S. 

No. 1. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of 
the Eastern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street 
to Richmond street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street, 
across Hanover street to Salem street ; thence by the centre 
of Salem street to Cooper street; thence by the centre of 
Cooper street, crossing Charlestown street to Beverly street ; 
thence by the centre of Beverly to Causeway street ; thence 
across Causeway street, and in the same direction with Bev- 
erly street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 2. — All East Boston and the islands. 

No. 3. — Beginning at the water on the north side of the 
Fitchburg Railroad depot, on a line which would strike the 
central line of Beverly street if extended to the water; 
thence by such line and the centre of Beverly street to 
Charlestown street; thence across Charlestown street, and 
by the centre of Cooper street, to Salem street ; thence by 
the centre of Salem street to Richmond street; thence by 
the centre of Richmond street to Hanover street ; thence by 
the centre of Hanover street to Court street ; thence by the 
centre of Court street to Green street ; thence by the centre 
of Green street to Leveret street; thence by the centre of 
Leveret street to Causeway street ; thence by the centre of 
Causeway street to Lowell street; thence by the centre of 
Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street, to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 4. — Beginning at the water, on the southerly side of 
the Eastern Packet Pier; thence across Commercial street 



225 



to Riclimond street ; thence by the centre of Richmond street 
to Hanover street ; thence by the centre of Hanover street 
to Court street; thence by the centre of Court street to 
Green street ; thence by the centre of Green street to Stan- 
iford street; thence by the centre of Staniford street to 
Cambridge street ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple street and 
Mount Yernon street to Park street ; thence by the. centre 
of Park street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to Winter street ; thence by the centre of 
Winter street to Washington street ; thence by the centre of 
Washington street to Milk street ; thence by the centre of 
Milk street to India street; thence across India street by a 
straight line to the water on the south side of Central wharf; 
thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 5. — Beginning at the water at the easterly end of 
Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Staniford street ; thence by the centre of Staniford street 
to Green street; thence by the centre of Green street to the 
junction of Lynde and Leveret streets ; thence by the centre 
of Leveret street to Causeway street ; thence by the centre 
of Causeway street to Lowell street ; thence by the centre 
of Lowell street, and by a line in the same direction with 
Lowell street to the water ; thence by the water to the point 
begun at. 

No. 6. — Beginning at the water, at the easterly end of 
Cambridge Bridge ; thence by the centre of Cambridge street 
to Temple street ; thence by the centre of Temple and Mount 
Yernon streets to Beacon street; thence by the centre of 
Beacon street and the Western avenue to the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury, on the Western avenue ; thence 
northerly by said boundary line to the water ; thence by the 
water to the point begun at. 

No. 7. — Beginning at the water on the south side of Cen- 
tral wharf; thence across India street by a straight line to 
29 



226 



Milk street ; thence by the centre of Milk street to Wash- 
ington street ; thence by the centre of Washington street to 
Winter street; thence by the centre of Winter street to 
Tremont street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
West street ; thence by the centre of West street and Bed- 
ford street to Kingston street; thence by the centre of Kings- 
ton street to Essex street ; thence by centre of Essex street 
to South street ; thence by centre of South street to Summer 
street ; thence by centre of Summer street and by a straight 
line in continuation thereof to the water on the northerly 
side of Summer street wharf; thence by the water to point 
begun at. 

No. 8, — Beginning at the water on the northerly side of 
Summer street wharf; thence by a straight line in continua- 
tion of the centre of Summer street, and by the centre of 
Summer street to South street ; thence by the centre of South 
street to Essex street ; thence by the centre of Essex street 
to Kingston street ; thence by the centre of Kingston street 
to Bedford street; thence by the centre of Bedford street 
and West street to Tremont street ; thence by the centre of 
Tremont street to Eliot street ; thence by the centre of Eliot 
street to Washington street; thence across Washington street 
to Kneeland street ; thence by the centre of Kneeland street 
to Federal street ; thence crossing Federal street by a straight 
line to the water on the southerly side of Howe's wharf; 
thence by the water to the point begun at. 

No. 9. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston 
and Roxbury, on the Western avenue ; thence by the centre of 
the Western avenue and Beacon street to Park street ; thence 
by the centre of Park street to Tremont street ; thence by 
the centre of Tremont street to Warren street ; thence by 
the centre of Warren street to Washington street; thence by 
the centre of Washington street to West Castle street; 
thence by the centre of West Castle street to Tremont street ; 
thence by the centre of Tremont street to the Railroad 



227 



Bridge ; thence by the centre of the Boston and Worcester 
Railroad to the boundary line between Boston and Roxbury ; 
thence by said boundary line to the point begun at. 

No. 10. — Beginning at the water on the southerly side of 
Howe's wharf; thence by a straight line across Federal street 
to Kneeland street; thence .by the centre of Kneeland to 
Washington street ; thence across Washington street to Eliot 
street; thence by the centre of Eliot street to Tremont 
street ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to Warren 
street ; thence by the centre of Warren street to Washington 
street; thence by the centre of Washington street to Dover 
street; thence by the centre of Dover street to the water at 
the northwesterly end of the Dover street Bridge ; thence by 
the water to the point begun at. 

No. 11. — Beginning at the boundary line between Boston 
and Roxbury, on the Boston and Worcester Railroad ; thence 
by the centre of the Boston and Worcester Railroad to the 
Railroad Bridge ; thence by the centre of Tremont street to 
West Castle street; thence by the centre of West Castle 
street to Washington street ; thence by the centre of Wash- 
ington street to Dover street; thence by the centre of Dover 
street to the water at the northwesterly end of the Dover 
street Bridge; thence by the water to the boundary line 
between Boston and Roxbury; thence by said boundary line 
to the point begun at. 

No. 12. — All South Boston, including Washington Yillage, 
recently annexed to the City of Boston. 



228 



WARD EO OMS. 



1 Eliot School House, North Bennet street. 

2 School Room, Paris street, East Boston. 

3 Corner Eriend and Merrimac streets. 

4 City Building, Court Square, 

5 Wells School House, Blossom street. 

6 Phillips School House, West Centre street. 

7 Engine House and Ward Room in Purchase street. 

8 School House, Mason street. 

9 School Room, Warren street. 

10 Brimmer School House, Common street. 

11 Franklin School House, Washington street. 

12 Mather School House, South Boston. 



229 



TAXES 



The amount of Taxes assessed on the Real and Personal 
Estates in the City of Boston, for the past six years, has been 
as follows : 

1853. 
Valuation of Real Estate, - • - $116,090,900 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - 90,423,300 00 

Total Valuation, $206 ,514,200 00 

At $7.60 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,569,507 92 
No. of Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 44,938 50 

Total Tax for 1852, - - - . $1,614,446 42 
Increase over Real Estate, 

1852, .... $5,391,700 00 
Increase over Personal 

.Estate,lS52, - - 13,442,500 00 

$18,834,200 00 



1854 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $127,730,200 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - 99,283,000 00 

Total Valuation, $227,013,200 00 

At $9.20 per $1,000, is - - - - $2,088,521 44 
No. of Polls at $1.50 each, - - • 46,701 00 

Total Tax for 1854, ... - $2,125,222 44 
Increase over Real Es- < 

tate, 1853, - - - $11,639,300 00 
Increase over Personal 

Estate, 1853, - - 8,85 9,700 00 

$20,499,000 00 



230 



1855. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $136,351,300 00 
Yaluation of Personal Estate, - - - 105,580,900 00 

Total Yaluation, $241,932,200 00 

At $7.70 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,816,877 94 
31,602 Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 47,403 00 

Total Tax for 1855, - - - - $1,910,280 94 

Increase over Real Es- 
tate, 1854, - - . $8,621,100 00 

Increase over Personal 

Estate, 1854, - - 6,297,900 00 

$14,919,000 00 



1856. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $143,681,700 00 

Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - 105,480,800 00 

Total Valuation, $249,162,500 00 

At $8.00 per $1,000, is - - - - $1,993,300 00 
32,974 Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 49,461 00 

Total Tax, 1856, -..-.■ $2,042,761 00 
Increase of Real Estate 

over 1855, - - - $7,330,400 00 
Loss ^f Personal Estate 

from 1855, - - - 100,100 00 

$7,230,300 00 



231 



1857. 

Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $149,713,800 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - 108, 3 98,100 00 

Total Valuation, $258,111,900 

At $9.30 per $1,000, is - - - - $2,400,440 67 
33,162 .Polls, at $1.50 each, - - - 49,743 00 

Total Tax, 1857, $2,450,183 67 

Increase of Reai Estate 

over 1856, - - - $6,032,100 00 
Increase of Personal Es- 
tate over 1856, - - 2,91 7,300 00 

$8,949,400 00 



1858. 



Valuation of Real Estate, - - - $153,505,300 00 
Valuation of Personal Estate, - - - 101,208,800 00 

Total Valuation, $254 ,714,100 00 

At $8.60 per $1,000, is - - - - $2,190,541 26 

32,621 Polls, at $2.10 each, - - - 68, 504 10 

$2,259,045 36 
Increase of Real Estate 

over 1857, - - - $3,791,500 00 
Decrease of Personal Es- 
tate from 1857, - - 7 ,189,300 00 
Net Decrease, $3,397,800 00 



232 



CITY DEBT AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 



1848 


- 


- 


January 


1st, 


- 


- 


$1,112,906 00 


1849 


- 


u 


li 


- 


- 


1,354,332 00 


1850 


- 


11 


a 


- 


- 


1,623,823 00 


1851 


■> 


u 


(I 


- 


- 


1,756,000 00 


1852 


- 


a 


u 


- 


- 


1,714,298 44 


1853 


- 


u 


li 


- 


- 


1,746,510 39 


1854 


' 


u 


u 


" 


- 


1,886,459 55 


1855 


- 


- 


(I 


a 


- 


- 


2,367,594 21 


1856 


- 


- 


iC 


ii 


- 


- 


2,337,188 66 


1857 


- 


- 


a 


li 


- 


- 


2,631,688 66 


1858 


- 


u 


a 


- 


- 


3,421,038 66 


1859 


City 


Debt, 


$3,007,097 72 






Water Debt, 


6,155,952 


05 






Con 


sol 


idated Debt, 






$9,163,049 77 



Amount of Real and Personal Estate in the City of Boston, and 
the 'pro rata for $1,000, m 1799, and at stated periods to 1858. 



Tear. 


Eeal Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


Aggregate. 


Kate per 


1799 


3,224,100 


3,766,200 


6,990,300 


4 40 


1804 


13,753,000 


15,328,300 


29,081,300 


3 12 


1809 


19.712,000 


16,617,200 


36,329,200 


3 30 


1814 


17,871,400 


15,164,800 


33,037,200 


4 00 


1815 


18,265,600 


14,647,400 


32,913,000 


4 50 


1816 


21,059,800 


15,448,000 


36,507,800 


4 00 


1817 


21,642,600 


16,373,400 


38,016,000 


4 00 


1818 


22,321,800 


16,879,400 


39,201,200 


4 10 


1819 


22,795,800 


16,583,400 


39,379,200 


4 00 


1820 


21,686,000 


16,602,200 


38,288,200 


4 00 


1821 


22,122,000 


18,671,600 


40,793.600 


3 95 


1823 


23,364,400 


18,775,800 


42,140,200 


3 65 


1823 


25,367,000 


19,529,800 


44,896,800 


3 50 


1824 


27,303,800 


22,540,000 


49,807,800 


4 25 


1825 


30,992,000 


21,450,000 


52,442,600 


3 50 


1826 


34,203,000 


25,246,200 


59,449,200 


3 50 



233 



Amount of Real and Personal Estate, S^c, continued. 



Year. 


Keal Estate. 


Personal Estate. 


''Aggregate. 


Rate per 

il,000. 


1827 


36,061,400 


29,797,000 


65,858,400 


3 50 


1828 


35,908,000 


26,615,200 


61,523,200 


3 55 


1829 


36,963,800 


24,104,200 


61,068,000 


3 95 


1830 


36,960,000 


22,626,000 


59,586,000 


4 05 


1831 


37,675,000 


23,023,200 


60,698,200 


3 95 


1832 


39,145,200 


28,369,200 


67,514,400 


4 10 


1833 


40,966,400 


29,510,800 


70,477,200 


4 25 


1834 


43,140,600 


31,665,200 


74,805,800 


4 70 


1835 


47,552,800 


31,749,800 


79,302,600 


4 85 


1836 


53,370,000 


34,895,000 


88,265,000 


4 75 


1837 


56,311,600 


33,272,200 


89,583,800 


5 00 


1838 


57,372,400 


32,859,200 


90,231,600 


4 90 


1839 


58,577,800 


33,248,600 


91,826,400 


5 65 


1840 


60,424,200 


34,157,400 


94,581,600 


5 50 


1841 


61,963,000 


36,043,600 


98,006,600 


6 00 


1842 


65,499,900 


41,223,800 


106,723,700 


5 70 


1843 


67,673^400 


42,372,600 


110,046,000 


6 20 


1844 


72,048,000 


46,402,300 


118,450,300 


6 00 


1845 


81,991,400 


53,957,300 


135,948,700 


5 70 


1846 


90,119,600 


58,790,000 


148,839,600 


6 00 


1847 


97,764,500 


64,598,900 


162,360,400 


6 00 


1848 


100,403,200 


67,324,800 


167,728,000 


6 50 


1849 


102,827,500 


71,352,700 


174,180,200 


6 50 


1850 


105,093,400 


74,907,100 


180,000,500 


6 80 


1851 


109,358,500 


78,588,500 


187,947,000 


7 00 


1852 


110,699,200 


76,980,800 


187,680,000 


6 40 


1853 


116,090,900 


90,423,300 


206,514,200 


7 60 


1854 


127,730,200 


99,283,000 


227,013,200 


9 20 


1855 


136,351,300 


105,580,900 


241,932,200 


7 70 


1856 


143,681,700 


105,480,800 


249,162,500 


8 00 


1857 


149,713,800 


108,398,100 


258,111,900 


9 30 


1858 


153,505,300 


101,208,800 


254,714,100 


8 60 



30 



234 



POPULATION AT DIFFERENT PERIODS. 

1800 24,937 

1810 33,787 

1820 43,298 

1830 ......... 61,392 

1835 78,603 

1840 85,000 

1845 ........ 114,366 

1850 - - - 138,788 

1855 . ^ 160,508 



Modes and Times of Appointment of the Various City Officers. 

By virtue of an. Ordinance which passed the City Council 
of Boston, March 5th, 1856, all City Officers required by the 
City Ordinances to be elected or appointed by the concurrent 
vote of the City Council, or to be appointed by the Mayor, 
by and with the advice and consent of the Board of Alder- 
men, excepting those officers, the time of whose election or 
appointment is otherwise prescribed by the Statutes of the 
Commonwealth; also, excepting the Treasurer, Auditor and 
Assessors, shall be elected or appointed, as the case may be, on 
the first Monday of January, in each year, or within sixty days 
thereafter. 

The officers comprised in the above exceptions are elected 
at the times and in the modes following. 
Assessors and Assistant Assessors -r- Con- 
current vote, . r . - . February or March. 
Sealers of Weights and Measures and Char- 
coal Baskets — Mayor and Aldermen, - March or April. 
Weighers and Inspectors of Lighters -=- 

Concurrent vote, . , , , March or April. 



235 



Measurers of Leather — Mayor and Alder- 
men, April. 

City Crier — Mayor and Aldermen, - - May. 

City and County Treasurer — In Conven- 
tion, ... ... May. 

Auditor of Accounts — Concurrent vote, - May. 

Constables — Mayor and Aldermen, - September. 

Joint Special Committee to examine Bonds 

of City Ofiicers, (see Mun. Reg. p. 108,) November. 



236 



ORATORS OF BOSTON. 

APPOINTED BY THE PUBLIC AUTHORITIES. 



ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE, MARCH 5, 1770. 

1771. James Lovell, A. M. 

1772. Gen. Joseph Warren, M. D. 

1773. Benjamin Church, M. D. 

1774. Hon. John Hancock. 

1775. Gen. Josepl! Warren, M. D. 

1776. Rev. Peter Thatcher. 

1777. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1778. Jonathan Williams Austin, Esq. 

1779. Hon. William Tudor. 

1780. Hon. Jonathan Mason. 

1781. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1782. Hon. George Richards Minot. 
. 1783. Thomas Welch, M. D. 

ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE, JULY 4, 1776. 

1783. John Warren, M. D. 

1784. Benjamin Hichborn, Esq. 

1785. John Gardiner^ Esq. 

1786. Jonathan Loring Austin, Esq. 

1787. Hon. Thomas Dawes. 

1788. Hon. Harrison Gray Otis. 

1789. Samuel Stillman, D. D. 

1790. Edward Gray, Esq. 

1791. Thomas Crafts, Esq. 

1792. Joseph Blake, Esq. 

1793. Hon. John Quincy Adams. 

1794. Hon. John Phillips. 



237 

1795. Hon. George Blake. 

1796. John Lothrop, Jr., Esq. 

1797. John Callender, Esq. 

1798. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1799. Hon. John Lowell. 

1800. Hon. Joseph Hall. 

1801. Charles Paine, Esq. 

1802. Rev. William Emerson, 

1803. Hon. William Sullivan. 

1804. Thomas Danforth, M. D. 

1805. Warren Dutton, Esq. 

1806. Francis Dana Channing, Esq. 

1807. Hon. Peter Oxenbridge Thatcher. 

1808. Andrew Ritchie, Jr., Esq. 

1809. William Tudor, Jr., Esq. 

1810. Alexander Townsend, Esq. 

1811. Hon. James Savage. 

1812. Benjamin Pollard, Esq, 

1813. Hon. Edward St. Loe Livermore. 

1814. Benjamin Whitwell, Esq. 

1815. Hon. Lemuel Shaw. 

1816. George Sullivan, Esq. 

1817. Prof. Edward Tyrrell Channing. 

1818. Hon Francis Calley Gray. 

1819. Hon. Franklin Dexter. 

1820. Hon. Theodore Lyman) Jr. 

1821. Hon. Charles Greely Loring, 

1822. Hon. John Chipman Gray. 

1823. Charles Pelham Curtis, Esq. 

1824. Francis Bassett, Esq. 

1825. Charles Sprague, Esq. 

1826. Hon. Josiah Quincy. 

1827. William Powell Mason, Esq. 

1828. Bradford Sumner, Esq. 

1829. Hon. James Trecothick Austin. 



238 

1830. Hon. Alexander Hill Everett. 

1831. Hon. John Gorham Palfrey. 

1832. Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

1833. Edward Goldsborough Prescott, Esq. 

1834. Eichard Sullivan 'Fay, Esq. 

1835. Hon. George Stillman Hillard. 

1836. Henry Willis Kinsman, Esq. 

1837. Hon. Jonathan Chapman. 

1838. Kev. Hubbard Winslow. 

1839. Ivers James Austin, Esq. 

1840. Thomas Power, Esq. 

1841. George Ticknor Curtis, Esq. 

1842. Hon. Horace Mann. 

1843. Hon. Charles Francis Adams. 

1844. Peleg Whitman Chandler, Esq. 

1845. Charles Sumner, Esq. 

1846. Fletcher Webster, Esq. 

1847. Hon. Thomas Greaves Gary. 

1848. Hon. Joel Giles. 

1849. William Whitwell Greenough, Esq. 

1850. Edwin Percy Whipple, Esq. 

• 1851. Hon. Charles Theodore Russell. 

1852. Rev. Thomas Starr King. 

1853. Timothy Bigelow, Esq. 

1854. Rev. Andrew L. Stone. 

1855. Rev. Alonzo A* Miner. 

1856. Edward Griffin Parker, Esq. 

1857. Rev. William Rounsville Alger. 

1858. John Somers Holmes, Esq. 

N. B. All the above orations have been printed at the 
request of the City Council, with the exception of those 

delivered by Benjamin Pollard, Francis Dana Channing, 
Thomas Starr King, and William R. Alger. 



239 



SCHEDULE 

Exhibiting the terms of service of the Members of the Board of 
Selectmen of the Town of Boston, from 1799 to 1821, inclusive. 



Charles Bulfinch, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 
1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812,1813, 1814, 
1815, 1816, 1817.* 

David Tilden, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 
1806, 1807, 1808. 

Russell Sturgis, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803. 

Joseph Howard, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803. 

Ebenezer Hancock, 1799, 1800. 

William Porter, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 

1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811. 
William Sherburne, 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803. 
Joseph May, 1799. 

Samuel Cobb, 1799. 

John Tileston, 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806. 

Ebenezer Oliver, 1800, 1801, 1.802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 

1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815, 

1816, 1817, 1818, 1819. 

Jonathan Hunnewell, 1802, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 

1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815, 1816, 

1817, 1818, 1819. 

John May, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, X808, 1809, 1810, 1811, 
1812. 



* Vote of thanks given for 22 years of services, in 19 of which he filled tije office of Chair- 
man of the Board. , 



240 



Francis Wright; 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, 1809, 1810, 

1811, 1812. 
Jonathan Chapman, 1804, 1805, 1807, 1808. 
John Bray, 1806, 1816. 
Joseph Kettle, 1807, 1808. 

Nathan Webb, 1809, 1810,1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 
Joseph Foster, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815. 
Benjamin Weld, 1809, 1810, 1811, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815. 
Joseph Lovering, 1812, 1813, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1818, 

1819. 
Joseph Austin, 1813, 1814, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1818, 1819. 
Robert Williams, 1813, 1814, 1815, 1816. 
Edmund Hart, 1815. 
George G. Lee, 1816. 
Turner Phillips, 1816, 1817, 1818, 1819, 
Henry Bass, 1817, 1818, 1819. 
Samuel Dorr, 1817, 1818, 1819. 
Euoch Silsby, 1817, 1818, 1819, 
Henry Farnam, 1818, 
Lemuel Shaw, 1819, 
Benjamin Austin, 1820. 
Daniel Baxter, 1820,1821. 
Jonathan Loring, 1820, 1821, 
Benjamin T.Wells, 1820. 
Samuel Billings, 1820, 1821. 
Eliphalet Williams, 1820, 1821, 
George Brinley, 1820. 
Jeremiah Fitch, 1820, 1821. 
Abraham Babcock, 1820, 1821, 
David W. Child, 1821. 
Eobert Fennely, 1821. 
Samuel A. Wells, 1821. 



C ATALO GUE 



iflterniitent af t\t Citg 0f ^asta% 



IN CHKONOLOGICAL OEDEB OF THEIR SERVICE, 



INSTITUTION, MAY 1, 1822, TO JANUARY 1, 1859 



AN INDEX. 



31 



242 



PRELIMINARY REMARKS. 



MAY OR S . 

The asterisk denotes the deceased. 

The Junior of Theodore Lyman omitted in 1839. 

The election of Mayor for 1845 was more warmly con- 
tested than in any former year. There were not less than 
eight several ballotings by the citizens. At the eighth trial, 
on the 21st of February, Thomas A. Davis was elected. 

In the meantime, from January to February 27, 1845, 
William Parker, one of the Aldermen, having been elected 
Chairman of the Board of Aldermen, performed the duties of 
Mayor. 

On the 6th of October, Thomas A. Davis, being in declin- 
ing health, resigned the office of Mayor, which resignation, 
however, was not accepted by the City Council ; and on the 
2 2d of November he died, being the first Mayor who has died 
in office since the organization of the City Government in 
1822. 

On the 11th of December, Josiah Quincy, Jr., was elected 
Mayor by the City Council for the unexpired term of 1845. 

Benson Leavitt, one of the Board of Aldermen, acted as 
Chairman of the Board in the interval between the death of 
Mr. Davis and the election of Mr. Quincy. 

In 1851, Benjamin Seaver, having already been elected an 
Alderman of the city for 1852, was afterwards chosen Mayor 
for said year. 

At the commencement of the ensuing municipal year, 1852, 
he resigned as an Alderman, and accepted the office of 
Mayor. 



243 



The election of Mayor for 1854: was continued through 
three ballotings, from December 12, 1853, to January 9, 1854. 
In the meantime the duties of Mayor were performed by 
Benjamin L. Allen, Chairman of the Board of Aldermen. 

ALDEEMEN. 

Nathaniel P. Russell, Daniel Baxter, Joseph H. Dorr, re- 
elected; and Thomas B. Wales and Eedford Webster, elected 
1825, declined. 

George Blake, re-elected for 1826, declined. 

John Stevens, elected for 1832, died prior to the organi- 
zation, 

James Savage, elected for 1834, declined. 

In 1845, William Parker resigned. 

In 1848, George E. Head resigned, and was afterwards 
chosen one of the principal Assessors. 

In 1853, Lyman Perry, Esq., who had been duly elected an 
Alderman, died before his qualification. 

In 1856, Levi B. Meriam, Esq., died while in office. 

In 1858, Bufus B. Bradford resigned, and was afterwards 
appointed Measurer of Grain. 

At the municipal election in 1852, nine Aldermen had a 
majority of ballots ; but in accordance with the statute, the 
eight who had the highest number of votes were declared 
elected. 

The Municipal Government for 1855 was the first one that 
was organized under the new or revised City Charter, which 
provided for the annual election of twelve Aldermen. 

COMMOISr COUNCIL. 

William Bowes Bradford, Ward 3, elected 1822, did not 
qualify himself, declining to be sworn, there being then no 
provision for affirmation, except for Quakers. 

Lucius Manlius Sargent, Ward 6, elected for 1827, declined. 



244 



Henry D. Gray and Isaac Harris, Ward 1 ; Eleazer How- 
ard, Ward 2, and Joseph H. Thayer, Ward 9, elected for 
1828; also Holmes Hinckley, Ward 11, for 1845, declined 
prior to the organization. 

Samuel Thaxter, Ward 6, elected for 1830, declined. 

William Foster, Ward 6, elected for 1831, declined. 

John Boles, Ward 3, re-elected for 1838, declined. 

The Junior of George Morey, omitted 1829. 

Asa Adams, Ward 3, took the intermediate name of Perry, 
1830. 

The Junior of Joshua Seaver, Ward 6, omitted 1833. 

The Junior of Henry Fowl e, Ward 2, omitted 1837. 

The Junior of Francis Brinley, Ward 10, omitted 1838. 

The Junior of Ezra Lincoln omitted 1851. 

Washington P. Gragg, Ward 4, spelt Gregg since 1836. 

Ezra Forristall, Ward 6, resigned in May, 1853, and was 
elected Superintendent of Health. 

Daniel J. Coburn, Ward 5, resigned in April, 1853, and was 
thereafter appointed Chief of Police. 

There have been seven successfully contested elections. 

The first, February 22, 1830, vacated the seat of a member 
from Ward 6, on the ground that " closing the poll before 
the hour at which the voters were notified it would be closed, 
was a violation of the rights of the voters." 

The second, May 7, 1835, vacated the seats of the members 
of Ward 3, who were returned as having been elected at an 
adjourned meeting, December 11, 1834, on the ground of 
irregular proceeding, to render the whole number of votes 
certain by taking the highest number of votes for candidates 
on each opposing ticket ; adjournment of the meeting by the 
sole authority of the Warden, and other irregularities, at the 
annual election, December 8. 

The third case, March 7, 1839, vacated the seats of three 
members of Ward 12, on the ground that a number of illegal 
voters, sufficient to affect the choice, voted at the polls. 



245 



The fourth, Febrnary 9,-1843, vacated the seats of three 
members from Ward 1, returned as elected at the adjourned 
meeting, December 14, on the ground that four votes for non- 
resident candidates, (after having been first thrown out by 
the Ward officers,)* were counted at the annual election, 
December 12, thereby preventing the choice of two other can- 
didates, who, by excluding the said four votes, were by the 
decision of -the Council declared elected, leaving one vacancy. 

The fifth, February 27, 1851, vacated the seats of two mem- 
bers from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen at 
an adjourned meeting, which was illegally held. At the sub- 
sequent trial the same members were again returned to the 
Common Council. 

The sixth, January 20, 1853, vacated the seats of three 
members from Ward 3, on the ground that they were chosen 
at an adjourned meeting, which was illegally held. 

The seventh, in accordance with the Report of the Committee 
on Elections, vacated the seats of three members from Ward 
11, on the ground that the Mayor and Aldermen had no right 
to issue warrants for election of members of the Common 
Council, after the annual election, and before the organiza- 
tion of the Government elect. But inasmuch as the elections 
in question were conducted honajide, and no other informality 
was apparent, and as this custom of supplementary elections 
had been in vogue for twenty years, the members thus elected 
were by the votes of the Common Council declared entitled 
to their seats. The passage of the Plurality Law of 1854 
will remedy most of these cases for the future. 

* This fact was admittedj thougli not stated in the report of the committee. 



246 



1822 



MAYOR, 

*JOHN PHILLIPS. 

ALDERMEN, 



* Samuel Billings, 
*Ephraim Eliot, 
Jacob Hall, 
*Joseph Head, 



* Joseph Jenkins, 
*Joseph Lovering, 
*Nathaniel Pope Russell, 
*Bryant Parrott Tilden, 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 

*WIlliam Barry, 
*Thaddeus Page, 

Charles Wells, 

Simon Wilkinson. 

Ward 2. 

Martin Bates, 

Benjamin Lamson, 
*Henry Orne, 
*Joseph Stodder, 

Ward S. 

*Theodore Dexter, 
Joshua Emmons, 

* Samuel Jones. 

(See Notes.) 

Ward 4. 

*Joseph Cooledge, 

* Samuel Perkins, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 

Joel Thayer. 

Ward 5. 
George Washington Coffin, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*Horatio Gates Ware, 
*Isaac Winslow. 



Ward 6. 
*Samuel Appleton, 

Thomas Motley, 

Jesse Shaw, 
*William Sullivan. 



Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Patrick Tracy Jackson, 
*Augustus Peabody, 
*Enoch Silsby. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Peter Chardon Brooks, 

* James Perkins, 
*Benjamin Russell. 

Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 

* William Prescott, President, 
*John Welles. 

Ward 10. 

*Andrew Drake, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 
*David Collson Moseley, 
*Isaac Stevens. 

Ward 11. 
*George Watson Brimmer, 
*Asa I5ullard, 
*Barzillai Holmes, 
*Winslow Lewis. 



Ward 12. 

* Cyrus Alger, 
John French, 

*John Howe, 
Moses Williams. 

* Thomas Clakk, Clerk. 



247 



182 3 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Baxter, 
^Gftorge Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
*Josepli Hawley Dorr, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Ashur Benjamin, 
*Enocli Patterson, 

Caleb Eddy, 
*Steplien Hooper. 



*Samuel F. McCleaky, City Clerk. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 

*Thaddeus Page, 

Simon Wilkinson, 
. *John Eliot, 
Joseph Wheeler. 

Ward 2. 

Martin Bates, 

Benjamin Lamson, 
*Joseph Stodder, 
*John Parker Boyd. 

Ward 3. 
*Theodore Dexter, 
*Samuel Jones, 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer. 
Ward 4. 

*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Samuel Perkins, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Henry Farnum. 

Ward 5. 

■*Thomas Kendall, 
*Isaac Winslow, 
*Elias Haskell, 
*John Sullivan Perkins. 
Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
*John Stevens, 

William Wright. 

■*Thomas 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
*Jonathan Amory, 
*Enoch Silsby, 
Samuel Swett, 
Charles Pelham Curtis. 

Ward 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 

James Savage, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams. 
Ward 9. 
*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 
*John Welles, President, 

Lewis Tappan. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
*David Francis, 
*Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Thomas Beale Wales. 

Ward 11. 
*Asa BuUard, 
* Charles Howard, 
Joseph Stedman, 
*Joseph Willett. 

Ward 12. 

Samuel Bradlee, 
*Noah Brooks, 
Francis Jackson, 
Charles Sprague. 
Clark, Clerk. 



248 



1824. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



A L D E EM E N 



*Daniel Baxter, 
*George Odiorne, 
*David Weld Child, 
■*Josepli Hawley Dorr, 
*Ashur Benjamin, 



*Enoch Patterson, 

Caleb Eddy, 
*Stephen Hooper, (died Septem- 
ber,) 
* Cyrus Alger, (from November.) 



*Samuel F. Mc Clear y. City Clerk. 



COMMON C 
Ward 1. 

*WilHam Barry, 
*John Elliott, . 

Joseph Wheeler, 

Michael Tombs. 
Ward 2. 

*WillIam Little, Jr., 
*01iver Reed, 
*Joseph Stone, 
*Thaddeus Page. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 

Edward Page, 

William Sprague. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Jeremiah Fitch, 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 

Ward 5. 

*Elias Haskell, 
*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
* George Washington Otis, 
*Winslow Wright. 
Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Joel Prouty, 
William Wright, 
Thomas Wiley. 



U N C I L, 

Ward 7. 

Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 
*Elijah Morse, 

Isaac Parker. 

W^ard 8. 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel Kintr Williams, 
*Benjamin Willis. 

Ward 9. 

*Jonathan Davis, 
*Hawkes Lincoln, 

John Ballard, 

John Chipman Gray. 

Ward 10. 
*Thomas Beale Wales, 

James Savage, 

Phineas Upham, 
*Francis Johonnot Oliver, Pres't. 
Ward 11. 

Josiah Stedman, 

Samuel Frothingham, 
*Giles Lodge, 

Charles Sprague. 

Ward 12. 

Samuel Bradlee, 
Francis Jackson, 
*Isaac Thom, 
Charles Bemis. 



*Thomas Clark, Clerk. 



249 
18 2 5. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiah Marshall, 
*Jolin Damarisque Dyer, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Thomas Welsh, Jr. 
*George Blake, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
John Bryant. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 
*John Elliot, 
*Robert Fennelly, 
Lewis Lerow. 

Ward 2. 
Oliver Eeed, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, 
*Thomas Wells, 
*Abraham Williams Fuller, 
Amos Farnsworth. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Cooledge, 
Wm.Bounsville Pierce Washburn, 

* George Hallet, 
*Theodore Dexter. 

Ward 5. 
*John Sullivan Perkins, 

Ezra Dyer, 
*Charles Tracy, 
*William Simonds. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 

* Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 7. 

Charles Pelham Curtis, 
*William Goddard, 

Elijah Morse, • 
*Isaac Parker. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Benjamin Willis, 

JeiFrey Richardson, 
■ Josiah Bradlee. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Franklin Dexter, 
*Jeremiah Smith Boies, 
*LeYi Meriam. 

Ward 10. 
*Francis Johonnot Oliver, Pres't, 

James Savage, 
*Jonathan Simonds, 

John Parker Rice. 



Ward 11. 

Samuel Frothingham, 
*Giles Lodge, 

George Morey, Jr., 
*Joshua Vose. 

Ward 12.* 

*John Stevens, 
*Adam Bent, 
* Oliver Fisher, 
Ephraim Groves Ware. 
*Thomas Clark, Cleric. 



250 
18 2 6, 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Daniel Carney, 
*John Bellows, 
*Josiali Marshall, 
*Thomas Welsh, Jr., 



ALDERMEN, 

*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*John Foster Loring, 

Francis Jackson, 
*Edw. Hutchinson Robbins- 



* Samuel F. McCleakt, City Cleric. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 

Lewis Lerow, 
*Lemuel P.*Grosvenor, 
Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 
*Scammel Penniman, 
*Benjamin Clark, 
*John Fenno, 
Nathaniel Faxon. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, Preset, 
*William Sprague, 

Amos Farns worth, 

Asa Adams. 

Ward 4. 
^George Hallet, 
*William Howe, 
John Warren James, 
^'Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 

Ezra Dyer, 
*Charles Tracy, 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker, 



COUN C IL, 

Ward 7. 
*Augustus Peabody, 

Charles Pelham Curtis^ 
*Isaac Parker, 
Edward Brooks. 

Ward 8. 
Francis Bassett, 
Joseph Helger Thayer^ 
*Joseph Hawley Dorr,. 
John Baker. 

Ward 9. 

John Chipman Gray,. 
*Jeremiah Smith BoieSy 
*Levi Meriam, 

Charles Torrey. 

Ward 10. 
Aaron Baldwin, 
John Parker Rice, 
Solomon Piper, 
Charles Barnard. 

Ward 11. 
*Gile3 Lodge, 

George Morey, Jr.,. 
*Joshua Vose, 

Thomas Brewer. 



Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 

Thomas Wiley, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter. 



Ward 12. 
*John Stevens, 
*Adam Bent, 
*01iver Fisher,, 
Henry Hatch, 

THOBjf^s Cl>ARK, Clerk. 



*Cyrus Alger, 
*John Bellows, 
*Thomas Welsh, Jr. 
*Jolin Foster Loring, 



251 



1827. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY. 

ALDERMEN, 

*JeremIali Smitli Boies. 
*Robert Fennelly, 
*Thomas B. Wales, 
James Savage. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerl: 



Ward 1. 
*William Barry, 

Simon Wilkinson, 
*John Elliot, 

Samuel Aspinwall. 

Ward 2. 

*Benjamin Clark, 
*Scammel Penniman, 
John Warren James, 
*John Floyd Truman. 

Ward 3. 
*Jolin Richardson Adan, Pres., 
*John Damarisque Dyer, 

Asa Adams, 

Thomas Gould. 

Ward 4. 
Wm. Rounsville Pierce Washburn. 
* George Hallet, 
*William Howe, 
*Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 5. 
*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker, 

Lewis Glover Pray, 
*George Lane. 

Ward 6. 

*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Thaxter, 
*Jonathan Loring, 
*Joseph Warren Lewis. 

*TiioMAS Clark 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

* Samuel Dorr, 
Samuel Dexter Ward, 

*John Arno Bacon, 
Thomas Walley Phillips. 

Ward 8. 
*David Watts Bradlee, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Joshua Sears. 



Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
*Levi Meriam, 

* Gamaliel Bradford, 
John Prescott Bigelow. 

Ward 10. 

*Jonathan Simonds, 

George Brinley, 

William Parker, 

Charles Sprague. 

Ward 11. 

* Giles Lodge, 
George Morey, Jr. 

*Joshua Vose, 
Josiah Vose. 

Ward 12. 

*Adam Bent, 

William Wright, 
*William Little, Jr., 

* George Gay. 
Cler/c. 



252 



1828 



MAY OR 



JOSIAH QUINCY. 



*Jolin Foster Loring, 
*E.obert Fennelly, 

James Savage, 
*Thomas Kendall, 



ALDERMEN; 

* James Hall, 
Phineas Upham, 

*Johii Pickering, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON C OUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 

Samuel Aspinwall, 
*Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Horace Fox, 
*Eleazer Pratt. 



Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 
Frederick Gould, 
*Henry Fowle, Jr., 
George Washington Johnson. 

Ward 3. 
*John Richardson Adan, Pres., 
*John D. Dyer, (resigned April.) 

Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
*James L. P. Orrok, (from May.) 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Eveleth, 

Quincy Tufts, 

Andrew Cunningham, Jr., 
*James Means. 

Ward 5. 
*George Washington Otis, 

William Parker, 

Lewis Glover Pray, 
* George Lane. 

Ward 6. 

*Isaac Waters, 
*Francis Johonnot Oliver, 
*Ebenezer Appleton, 
*David Moody. 



Ward 7. 

*John Arno Bacon, 

*John Belknap, 

*Geo. W. Adams, (from May.) 
Thomas Wren Ward,(res. July.) 
Waldo Flint, (res. February.) 

*Benj. T. Pickman, (from Aug.) 

Ward 8. 

*Benjamin Russell, 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Samuel King Williams, 

Thomas Lamb. 

Ward 9. 
John Chipman Gray, 
John Prescott Bigelow, 

*Norman Seaver, 

*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 

William Parker, 
*Robert Treat Paine,(fromMay.) 
*John Lowell, Jr., 
*George Bethune, (res. April.) 

Ward 11. 
*Otis Everett, 
*Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 

Alpheus Gary, 
Walter Cornell, 
*Joseph Neale Howe, 
Benjamin Stevens. 



*Thomas Clark, Clerk. 



253 



182 9 



M AY OR ; 

*HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



A L 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*John Foster Loring, 
*Thomas Kendall, 
*James Hall, 

*Samtjel 



D E RM EN, 

* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*Winslow Lewis, 
Charles Wells, 
McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
*Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

John Wells, 
* Christopher Gore. 

Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 

Henry Sewall Kent, 

Samuel Ellis, 
*Thomas Reed, (died February, 
*Daniel Ballard, (from March.) 

Ward 3. 

Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 

Joseph Bradley, 
*Amos Bradley Parker. 

Ward A. 

Quincy Tufts, 
Andrew Cunningham, 
*John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey. 

Ward 5. 

*Jonathan Thaxter, 

William Parker, 
*George Lane, 
*Joseph Eveleth. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Samuel Austin, Jr. 
Jared Lincoln, 
*Samuel Goodhue. 

*Thomas 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

*Geo. W. Adams, (died May.) 
*Benjamin Toppan Pickman, 

Thomas Wetmore, 

Walter Frost, 

Isaac Danforth, (from May.) 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, President. 
Samuel King Williams, 
) *Thomas Minns, 

James Brackett Richardson. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

Levi Brigham, 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens. 

Ward 10. 
*Jonathan Simonds, 
*John Lowell, Jr. 
* Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
Charles Casey Starbuck. 

Wardll. 

*0tls Everett, 
*Otis Turner, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Payson Perrin. 

Ward 12. 
*01iver Fisher, 
Walter Cornell, 
Aaron Willard, Jr., 
*Isaac Parker Townsend. 
Clark, Clerk. 



254 



18 3 



M A YO K, 

*HA.RRISON GRA.Y OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*John Foster Loring, 
*Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 



'^Winslow Lewis, 

Charles Wells, 
^John Burbeck McCleary, 

Moses Williams. 



*Samuel F. McCleaby, Cltij Clerk. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
*Ninian Clark Betton, 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
*Christopher Gore, 
Simon Wiggin Eobinson. 

Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 

Samuel Ellis, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
*John B. Wells. 

Ward 3. 

Thomas Gould, 
*Levi Roberts Lincoln, 
*Larra Crane, 

Michael Lovell. 

Ward 4. 

Quincy Tufts, 
*John Rayner, 
Samuel Davenport Torrey, 
Washington Parker Gragg. 

Ward 5. 

*Winslo"w Wright, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 

Levi Boynton Haskell, 

Charles Leighton. 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
*Benj. Toppan Pickman,'Pres/., 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Isaac Danforth, 
Elias Hasket Derby. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 

James Brackett Richardson, 
* Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

Levi Brigham, 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott. 

Ward 10. 

*John Parker Rice, 
*John Lowell, Jr., 
*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss. 

Ward 11. 

*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 



Ward 6. 

*Isaac Waters. 
*Samuel Austin, Jr., 
Jared Lincoln, 
Joshua Seaver, 

Benjamin Parker, (seat vacated 
in Februaiy.) 

*Thomas Clark, Clerk. 



Ward 12. 
Henry Hatch, 
Aaron Willard, Jr., 

*Thomas Melville Vinson, 

* James Wright. 



255 



MAYO R, 

^HARRISON GRAY OTIS. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
* Samuel Turell Armstrong, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 



*Henry Farnam, 
*Adam Bent, 
*John Binney, 
*Richard Devens Harris, 



^Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Eobinson, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
Charles French, 
■ Frederick Gould, 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Daniel Ballard, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 

Ward 3. 

*Larra Crane, 

James Clark, 

Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 
*Joseph Eveleth, 
*John Rayner, 

Washington Parker Gragg, 

Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
*Winslow Wright, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Ensign Sargent, 
Stephen Titcomb. 

*Thomas 



Ward 7. 
*Benj. To[)pan Pickman, Prest, 

Thomas Wetmore, 

Levi Bartlett, 
*Abbot Lawrence. 

Ward 8. 
*Thomas Minns, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
*Joseph Reynolds Newell, 
*Leach Harris. 

Ward 9. 

John Prescott Bigelow, 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbias. 

Ward 10. 

*Samuel Leonard Abbott, 
*Levi Bliss, 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce. 

Ward 11. 

*Otis Everett, 
*Perez Gill, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
Joseph Hay. 

Ward 12. 

Henry Hatch, 

Aaron Willard, Jr., 
*Thomas Melville Vinson, 
*John Stevens. 

Clark, Clerk. 



256 



1.8 3 2 



MAYOR, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDE RM EN, 



*Henry Jackson Oliver, 
*Benjamin Russell, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
*Henry Farnum, 
*John Binney, 

*Samuel F. 



*E,ich'd D. Harris, (res. Feb.) 

*Jabez Ellis, 

* James Bowdoin, 

*Jolin Stevens, (died.) 

*Wm. Tileston, (from Feb.) 

McCleart, City Clerk, 



Ward 1. 
Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Charles French, 
John Centre, 
*Bill Richardson. 

Ward 2. 

John Warren James, 
*Ephraim Milton, 
*Daniel Dickenson, 

John Brigden Tremere. 

Ward 3. 

*Larra Crane, 

James Clark, 

Asa Swallow, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 

*George Hallet, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 
*John Rayner, 
Joshua Parker Flint. 

Ward 5. 
*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 
William Parker, 
Levi Boynton Haskell, 
Charles Leighton. 

Ward 6. 

Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 

Jonathan Porter, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop. 

*TlIOMAS 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

*Isaac Parker, 
Thomas Wetmore, 
Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice. 

■:Ward^. 

*Thomas Minns, 

Richard Hildreth, 
*James Brown, 
*John Lewis Dimmock. 

Ward 9. 
John Prescott Bigelow, Prest., 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*Ed. Hutchinson Robbins. 

Ward 10. 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
Josiah Pierce, 
Francis Brinley, Jr., 
John Collamore, Jr. 

Ward 11. 
Joseph Hay, 
John Lillie Phillips, 
*Gilman Prichard, 
Henry Willis Kinsman. 

Ward 12. 

Henry Hatch, 
*Thomas Hunting, 
Ebenezer Hayward, 
Joseph Harris, Jr. 

Clark, Clerk. 



257 
183 3. 

MAYO E, 

CHARLES WELLS. 



ALDERMEN, 


*Henry Farnum, 
*John Binney, 
*Jabez Ellis, 
*William Tileston, 


Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Fales, 
Joseph Warren Revere, 
Benjamin Fiske. 


*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 


COMMON 


COUNCIL, 


Ward 1. 


Ward 7. 


Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
*Bill Elchardson, 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Thomas Hart Thompson. 


Levi Bartlett, 
Henry Rice, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr. 


Ward 2. 


Ward 8. 


John Warren James, 
*John B. Wells, 
Henry Andrews, 
George Priest Thomas. 


*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Silas Bullard, 

Francis Osborn Watts, 
*Abner Bourne. 


Ward 3. 


TFard 9. 


*Larra Crane, 

James Clark, 
* Samuel Chessman, 

Philip Adams. 


John Prescott Bigelow, Pres't. 
*Jacob Amee, 

*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
*01iver Wm. Bourne Peabody. 


Ward 4. 


Ward 10. 


*Robert Gould Shaw, 
*Joseph Eveleth, 
Edward Blake, 
*Silas Pierce Tarbell. 


Josiah Pierce, 
*Daniel Messinger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb. 


Ward 5. 


Ward 11. 


*Eliphalet Porter Hartshorn, 

Charles Leighton, 
*Abel Phelps, 
*Perez Loring. 


Robert Treat Paine, 
John Doggett, 
Samuel Gilbert, Jr., 
*Ruel Baker. 


Ward 6. 


Ward 12. 


Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 

Luther Parks. 


*Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, Jr. 
James Blake, 

*Josiah Dunham, 


Richard G. 


Waitt, Clerk. 


33 





258 



18 3 4. 



MAYOR, 

^THEODORE LYMAN, JR. 



*Jabez Ellis, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Samuel Fales, 

Charles Leighton, 



ALDERMEN, 

*Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 

Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
*Henry Jackson Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
John Brigden Tremere, 
George Washington Smith, 
*Joseph Melcher Leavitt. 

Ward 3. 

*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Joshua Sears, 
*Samuel Chessman. 

Ward 4. 

Ammi Cutter, 
*Ezra Trull, 
Asa Lewis, 
George Worthington Lewis. 

Ward 5. 
*Michael Roulstone, 

Nathaniel Fellows Cunningham, 
*Calvin Washburn, 

Enoch Hobart. 

Ward 6. 

Jesse Shaw, 
Joseph Stacy Hastings, 
*Grenville Temple Winthrop, 
/[yeorge Washington Bazin. 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

Levi Bartlett, 

Henry Rice, 

William Tappan Eustis, 

Josiah Quincy, Jr., President. 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, 
James Brackett Richardson, 
Henry Sargent, 

*Edward Cruft, Jr. 

Ward 9. 
*Ed. Goldsborough Prescott, 
* Oliver Wm. Bourne Peabody, 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 

Isaac McLellan, Jr. 

Ward 10, 

*Daniel Messenger, 
*Israel Martin, 

Thomas Richards Dascomb, 
*William Reed. 



Ward 11. 
Robert Treat Paine, 
*Ruel Baker, 
Elias Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett. 

Ward 12. 
*Thomas Hunting, 
Joseph Harris, Jr., 
James Blake, 
Josiah Lee Currell Amee. 



Richard G. Waitt, Cleric. 



259 



1835 



MAYOR, 

* THEODORE LYMAN, JR. 



ALDERMEN 



*WInslow Lewis, 

*John Burbeck McCleary, 

Thomas Wettnore, 

Charles Leighton, 

*Samuel F. 



*Josiah Dunham, 
*Israthan Gurney, 
Samuel Atkins Eliot, 
Samuel Greele. 



McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 
Henry D. Gray, 
Robert Keith, 
Isaac Harris, 
Caleb Gould Loring* 

Ward 2. 
John Warren James, 
*Stephen William Olney, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thomas HoUis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*William Turner Spear, 
George Washington Smith. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 5. 
*Calvin Washburn, 
Enoch Hobart, 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park. 

Ward 6. 
Jesse Shaw, 
Stephen Titcomb, 
^Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood. 

Richard G. 



Ward 7. 

William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr., President, 
Horatio Masa Willis, 
*James Means. 

Ward 8. 

*Eliphalet Williams, 
»Edward Cruft, Jr., 
*Ebenezer Bailey, 
*Horace Dupee. 

Ward 9. 

*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
*Zebedee Cook, Jr., 
*James Harris. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, 

Richard Sullivan Fay, 
*Jedediah Tuttle. 

Ward 11. 
*Ruel Baker, 

Elias Bond Thayer, 

Philip Marrett, 
*John Thompson. 

Ward 12. 

*Thomas Hunting, 
William Bradlee Dorr, 
John Green, Jr., 
*John Bliss Stebbins. 
Waitt, Clerk. 



260 



1836 



MAYOR, 

*SAMUEL TURELL ARMSTRONG. 



ALDERMEN 



*Winslow Lewis, 
*John Burbeck McCleary, 
*Josiah Dunham, 
*Nathan Gurney, 



Samuel Greele, 
*Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 
*Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON C GUN OIL, 



Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
*Joseph Bassett, 
Gilbert Nurse, 
William Eaton. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Benjamin Kimball, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Henry Lincoln, 
*Benajah Brigham. 



Ward 5. 
Abraham Waters Blanchard, 
John Cochran Park, 
George Washington Edmands, 
Ebenezer Ellis. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Amos Wood, 
Henry Upham. 

Richard G. 



Ward 7. 
William Tappan Eustis, 
Josiah Quincy, Jr., President, 
Henry Edwards, 
James Thomas Hobart. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
* William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 
*Daniel Lewis Gibbens, 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
*James Harris, 

Thomas Coffin Amory. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Israel Martin, (res. March.) 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 

Benjamin Yeaton, (from April.) 

Ward 11. 

Ellas Bond Thayer, 
Philip Marrett, 
John Thompson, 
Benjamin Marshall Nevers. 

Ward 12. 
Alpheus Stetson, 
*Stephen Child, 
*George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins. 
Waitt, Clerk. 



261 



MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



*B[enry Farnum, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
* Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



ALD ERMEN, 

*Thomas Hunting, 
*Samuel Quincy, 
*John B. Wells, 
Thomas Richardson. 



*Samuel F. Mc Clear y, Cihj Cleric. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 

Isaac Harris, 
*Erasmus Thompson, (d. Aug.) 

Thomas Hudson, 

Samuel Locke Cutter. 

Ward 2. 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Nathan Carruth, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 
John Boles, 
Jason Dyer Battles, 
Asa Barker Snow, 
William Orne Haskell. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
*Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor. 

Ward 5. 
Ebenezer Ellis, 

Edmund Trowl)ridge Hastings, 
*Philip Greely, Jr., 
Francis Brown. 

Ward 6. 
*Isaac Waters, 

George Washington Bazin, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Henry Edwards. 



Ward 7. 
Levi Bartlett, 
James Thomas Hobart, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
*Simon Davis Leavens. 



Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 
*Horace Dupee, 
*William Greene Eaton, 
Aaron Breed. 

Ward 9. 

Benjamin Apthorp Gould, 
*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks. 

Ward 10. 

Solomon Piper, 
*Jedediah Tuttle, 
*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 

Benjamin Yeaton. 

Ward 11. 

Philip Marrett, President, 
*Lemuel Shattuck, 

Calvin BuUard, 
*Thomas Vose. 

Ward 12. 

*George Savage, 
Solon Jenkins, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
John Thomas Dingley. 



RiCHAKD G. Waitt, Clerk. 



262 



1838. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALD ERMEN 



*Henry Farnum, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
*Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 

*Samuel F. McCleaky, City Clerk. 



*Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 

*Martin Brimmer. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
*Eleazer Pratt, 
Thomas Hudson, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Bradley Newcomb Cumings. 

Ward 2. 

*Daniel Ballard, 
Lewis Josselyn, 
Thatcher Rich Raymond, 
Thomas Moulton. 

Ward 3. 

Asa Barker Snow, 
Rowland Ellis, 
William Eaton, 
Charles Arnold. 

Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 
George William Gordon, 
*Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, 
James Morris Whiton. 

Ward 5. 

Francis Brown, 
Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAUaster, 
Theophilus Burr. 



Ward 6. 
* Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 
Henry Edwards, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson. 

Richard G. Waitt, Clerk 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
Isaac Parker, 
Henry Rice, 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
*Simon Davis Leavens. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 

John Brooks Parker, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton. 

Ward 9. 

*James Harris, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 

*John Brooks Russell. 

Ward 10. ■ 

*Elbridge Gerry Austin, 
Benjamin Yeaton, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward IL 

Philip Marrett, President, 
*Lemuel Shattuck, 

Calvin Bullard, 
*Thomas Vose. 



Ward 12. 

Jeremy Drake, 
Nehemiah Pitman Mann, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Warren White. 



. 263 



183 9. 

MAYOR, 

SAMUEL ATKINS ELIOT. 



ALDERMEN 



*Henry Farnum, 

Thomas Wetmore, 
*Nathan Gurney, 
*Joseph Henshaw Hayward, 



*Thomas Hunting, 
Thomas Richardson, 
Isaac Harris, 

*James Harris, 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Cleric. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 
*John B. Wells, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
Zebina Lee Raymond, 
William Dillaway. 

Ward 2. 
Thomas Moulton, 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
*Samuel Emmes. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
Ezekiel Bates. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

George Wm. Gordon,(res.May.) 
Charles Wilkins, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred A. Wellington, (May.) 

Ward 5. 

Nathaniel Hammond, 
*James McAUaster, 
*William Vinal Kent, 

Ephraim Larkin Snow, 

Ward 6. 
*Jonathan Chapman, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell Aldrich Thompson, 

Horace Williams. 

Richard G. Waitt, Clerh 



Ward 7. 

*Isaac Parker, 
Phillip Marrett, President, 
Ezra C. Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

John Brooks Parker, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
* William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 

Gideon French Thayer, 
*Ruel Baker, 

Winslow Lewis, Jr., 
*Lemuel Shattuck. 

Ward 11. 
Warren White, 
Samuel Wheeler, 
Elisha Copeland, Jr., 
*John Stevens. 

Ward 12. 

Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
*Nicholas Noyes, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 



264 . 
18 4 0. 

MAYOR, 

^JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



ALD ER MEN J 



*Natlianiel Pope Russell, 

Nathan Gurney, 
*Thomas Hunting, 

James Clark, 



Charles Wilkins, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory. 



* Samuel F. Mc Clear y, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 

Zebina Lee Raymond, 
Henry Leeds, 
William Russell Lovejoy, 
Peter Dunbar. 

Ward 2. 
Richard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
*Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 

Ward 3. 

*John Snelling, 
*Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
Dexter Follett. 

Ward 4. 

Moses Grant, 

James Haughton, 

Alfred Augustus Wellington, 

Lucius Doolittle. 

Ward 5. 

*Philip Greely, Jr. 

Nathaniel Hammond, 
*William Vinal Kent, 

George Washington Otis, Jr. 

Ward 6. 

*Ezra Lincoln, 
Newell Aldrich Thompson, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Elijah Williams, Jr. 

Richard G. 



Ward 7. 



*Isaac Parker, 
Philip Marrett, President, 
Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, _ 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
*William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 
Thomas Cotfin Amory, 
Charles Brooks, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
*Lemuel Shattuck, 

George William Phillips, 

Daniel Kimball. 

Ward 11. 
*John Stevens, 

Holmes Hinkley, 
* George Savage, 

John Thomas Dingley. 

Ward 12. 

Josiah Lee Currell Amee, 
George Page, 
Horatio Nelson Crane, 
Eben Jackson. 

Waitt, Clerk. 



265 



18 4 1 



MAYOR, 

*JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
*Thomas Hunting, 
James Clark, 
Charles Wilkins, 



ALDERMEN, 

Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Turell Andrews, 
Charles Amory, 
Benson Leavitt. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



C OMMON COUNCIL 
Ward 1. 
Isaac Harris, 
Benjamin Dodd, 
William Dillaway, 
Henry Northey Hooper. 

Ward 2. 
Kichard Brackett, 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
*Samuel Emmes, 
Erastus Wilson Sanborn. 



Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
*Benajah Brigham. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 
Joseph Thornton Adams, 
James Haughton, 
Alfred Augustus Wellington. 

Ward 5. 

George Washington Otis, Jr., 

Pelham Bonney, 
*Freeman Stowe, 
*Edward Parker Meriam, 



Ward 6, 
*Ezra Lincoln, 

Newell A. Thompson, (res.Apl.) 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Jos.Neale Howe, Jr. (from July.) 

Richard G. Waitt, Clerk 
34 



Ward 7. 

Ezra Child Hutchins, 
Edward Blake, President, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin. 

Ward 8. 
*Eliphalet Williams, 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*Thomas Jefferson Shelton, 
*William Walker Parrott. 

Ward 9. 

Thomas Coffin Amory, 
Jonathan Preston, 
Stephen Shelton, 
*Moses Whitney, Jr. 

Ward 10. 
*Ruel Baker, 
*Lemuel Shattuck, 

Daniel Kimball, 

Luther B lodge tt. 

Ward 11. 

John Gardner Nazro, 
Richard Urann, 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Gray Roberts. 



Ward 12. 
Samuel Leeds, 
William Henry Howard, 
*Seriah Stevens, 
William Burton Harding. 



266 



1842 



MAYOR, 

^JONATHAN CHAPMAN. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
*Natlian Gurney, 

Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
*Larra Crane, 



ALDEEMEN, 

William Parker, 
* Joseph Tilden, 
James Longley, 
Richard Urann. 



*Samuel F. McCleaey, City Clerk. 



COMMON C OUN OIL 
Ward 1. 
Enoch Howes Snelling, 
Norton Neweomb, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton. 

Ward 2. 

*Samuel Emmes, 

Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 

Abner Williams Pollard. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
* Simon Green Shipley, 
*Jacob Stearns, 
Enoch Hemenway Wakefield. 

Ward 4. 
Moses Grant, 

Francis BoardmanCrowninshield, 
William Brown Spooner, 
Noah Sturtevant. 

Ward 5. 

Pelham Bonney, 
George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
Samuel Ripley Townsend. 

Ward 6. 

*Ezra Lincoln, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Enoch Train, 
Joseph Neale Howe, Jr. 



Ward 7. 

William Tappan Eustis, 
Edward Blake, President, 
John Plummer Healy, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 

Ward 8. 

Benjamin Parker Richardson, 

* William Augustus Weeks, 
*Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead, 

Ward d, 
Thomas Coffin Amory, 

*Moses Whitney, Jr., 
Charles Edward Cook, 

*John Rice Bradlee. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Button. 

Ward 11. 

John Thomas Dingley, 
William Dall, 
Asaph Parmelee, 
Robert Cowdin. 

Ward 12. 
Jeremy Drake, 
Willis Howes, 
*John Tillson, 
Caleb Thurston. 



Richard G. Waitt, Clerk. 



267 



18 4 3 



MAYOR, 

*MARTIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
William Parker, 
James Longley, 



ALDERMEN, 

Eichard Urann, 
Simon Wilkinson, 
Josiah Stedman, 
Jonathan Preston. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 

Isaac Harris, 

Josh. B. Fowle, (seat vac. Feb.) 
*J. G. L. Libbey, (seat vac. Feb.) 
Daniel Bartlett, Jr., (Feb.) 
William Henry Learnard, (Feb.) 

Ward 2. 

Aaron Adams, 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
Enoch Hemenway Wakefield, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley. 

Ward 4. 
Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
Noah Sturtevant, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 

Ward 5. 

George Wheelwright, 
Henry Plympton, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
James Fowle. 

Ward 6. 

John Hubbard Wilkins, 
Joseph Neale Howe, Jr., 
*Kimball Gibson, 
Peleg Whitman Chandler. 



Ward 7. 
Edward Blake, President, 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
John Slade, Jr., 
George Tyler Bigelow. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
*William Augustus Weeks, 
Josiah Moore Jones, 
Benjamin Burchstead. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
*John Rice Bradlee, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis. 

Ward 10. 
Luther Blodgett, 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton. 

Wardll. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Isaac Cary, 
*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn. 

Ward 12. 

Jeremy Drake, 

Eben Jackson, 
*John Tillson, 
*Romanus Emerson. 



Washington P. Gregg, Clerk. 



268 



1844. 

M A Y O E , 

*MAETIN BRIMMER. 



Thomas Wetmore, 
Abraham Thompson Lowe, 
*Larra Crane, 
Jonathan Preston, 



ALDERMEN, 

Simon Wiggin Robinson, 
Henry Bromtield Rogers, 
James Longley, 
Simon Wilkinson. 



*Samuel F. Mc Clear y, City Clerk. 



COMMON 



Ward 1. 

Isaac Harris, 

Wilham Henry Learnard, 
*Job Turner, 
John P. Ober. 



C OUN GIL, 

Ward 7. 

* Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 

*B. B. Appleton, (d. April.) 
John Brooks Parker, (May.) 

*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Benjamin Parker Richardson, 
Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Samuel Harris. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
*Charles H. Brown. 



Ward 2. 
*Joseph Cullen Ayer, 
Abner Williams Pollard, 
Henry Davis, 
Timothy C. Kendall. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
James Harvey Dudley, 
Oliver Dyer. 

Ward 4. 

Francis Boardman Crowninshield, 
George Washington Crockett, 
Thomas Buck minster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall. 

Ward 5. 

George Wheelwright, 
*Willard Nason Fisher, 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross. 

Ward 6. 

Peleg Whitman Chandler, PresL, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
John Gardner, 
Otis Clapp. 

Washington P. Gkegg, Clerk. 



Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Jonathan Ellis, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams. 

Ward 11. 
Edward Shirley Erving, 
Isaac Cary, 

*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
William Pope. 

Ward 12. 

Jeremy Drake, 
Asa Brown, 
Henry W. Fletcher, 
Isaac Jones. 



269 



184 5. 



MAYOR, 

^THOMAS A. DAYIS, (died November.) 
JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr., (from December 11.) 

ALDERMEN; 
Benson Leavitt, *Simon Green Shipley, 



William Parker, (resigned.) 
William Pope, 
*Jolin Hathaway, 
Samuel ShurtlefF Perkins, 

*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



*Joseph CuUen Ayer, 

Lyman Reed, 
*James S. Savage, (from March.) 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 

Henry Northey Hooper, 
Cyrus Buttrick, 
Perkins Boynton, 
Samuel P. Oliver. 

Ward 2. 
James Munroe, 
William R. Carnes, 
Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner. 

Ward 3. 
Asa Swallow, 
James Whiting, 
Artemas Ward, 
Cyrus Cummings. 

Ward 4. 

Thomas Buckminster Curtis, 
Samuel W. Hall, 
Samuel Abbott Lawrence. 
*Sargent S. Littlehale. 

Ward 5. 
Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
George R. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 

Peleg Whitman Chandler,Pres^,, 
*Kimball Gibson, 
Otis Clapp, 
George Stillman Hillard. 

Washington P 



COUNCIL; 

Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Brooks Parker, 
*Joseph Bradlee. 

Ward 8. 
Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 
Charles Edward Cook, 
Andrew Townsend Hall, 
Clement Willis, 
*Charles H. Brown. 

Ward 10. 
William Hayden, 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dennison. 

Ward 11. 

*Greenleaf Connor Sanborn, 
John Green, Jr., 
George Davis, 
Calvin W. Haven. 

Ward 12. 
Samuel C. Demerest, 
*Thomas Jones, 
Samuel W. Sloan, 
Theophilus Stover. 
Gregg, Clerk. 



270 



184 6. 



MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



William Parker, 
Jonathan Preston, 
William Pope, 
*Jolin Hathaway, 



ALDERMEN, 

Frederick Gould, 
Charles AUyn Wells, 
*Thomas Jones, 
George Edward Head. 



* Samuel F. Mc Clear y, City Clerk. 



COMMON 

Ward 1. 

William Eaton, 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage. 

Ward 2. 

Benjamin Wood, 2d, 
*John Turner, 

Noah Harrod, 
*George Carlisle. 

Ward 3. 
*John Snelling, 
James Whiting, 
George Cofran, 
Jeremiah Ross. 

Ward 4. 

Samuel W. Hall, 
William Tappan Eustis, 
*Abel Phelps, 
Thomas B. Pope. 

Ward 5, 

Charles Boardman, 
Loring Norcross, 
*Benjamin Seaver, 
George E. Sampson. 

Ward 6. 

Otis Clapp, 

George S. Hillard, President, 
Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker. 

Washington 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
*Simon Davis Leavens, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
John Gardner, 
Nathaniel W. Coffin. 

Ward 8. 

Samuel Topliff, 
George Whittemore, 
James Hayward, 
Daniel Denny. 

Ward 9. 

Clement Willis, 
William Whitney, 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
Horace Williams, 
James Dodd, 
John L. Emmons. 

Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, Jr., 
*Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 
Solon Jenkins, 
William Eaton, 
Seth Adams, 
John W. Crafts. 

Gkegg, Clerk. 



271 



184 7 



MAYOR; 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 



ALDERMEN 



Thomas Wetmore, 
William Parker, 
*John Hathaway, 
Frederick Gould, 



*Thomas Jones, 
George Edward Head, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 



*Samuel F. McCleary, Ciiy Cleric. 



COMMON COUNCILj 



Ward 1. 
John P. Ober, 
Samuel P. Oliver, 
Samuel C. Nottage, 
*Noah Lincoln. 

Ward 2. 
*John Turner, 
Noah Harrod, 
*George Carlisle, 
*William Wildes. 

Ward 3. 
James Whiting, 
James Boynton, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
*George W. Felt. 

Ward 4. 
William Brown Spoonei', 
Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenongh, 
Darwin E. Jewett. 

Ward 5. 

*Benjamin Seaver, President 
from July 1st, 

Eliphalet Jones, 

William D. Cooledge, 
* George W. Abbott. 



Ward 6. 

George S. HiUard, President to 

July 1st, 
Thomas Haviland, . 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Eichard B. Carter. 

Washington P. Gregg, Clerk. 



Ward 7. 
Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
Samuel Eliot Guild. 

Ward 8. 

Samuel ToplifF, 
George Whittemore, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
Henry Worthington Dutton, 
George R. Sampson, 
Ezra Lincoln, Jr., 
Samuel Wales, Jr. 

Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, • 
John Green, Jr., 
*Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 



Ward 12. 
William Eaton, 
Jabez Coney, 
Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds. 



272 



184 8. 

MAYOR, 

JOSIAH QUINCY, Jr. 

ALDERMEN, 

Henry Bromfield Rogers, [ John Hubbard Wilkins, 

William Pope, Billings Briggs, 

*John Hathaway, John Plummer Ober, 

Frederick Gould, Moses Grant, (from April,) 
George Edw'd Head, (res. Apr.) [ 

*Samuel F. McCleaby, City Clerk. 



Ward 1. 

Daniel Bartlett, Jr., 
Noah Lincoln, Jr., 
John H. Bowker, (resigned,) 
Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
*William Wildes, 
George D. B. Blanchard. 

Ward 3. 

James Boynton, 
George Cofran, 
Edwin C. Bailey, 
Thomas Critchet. 

Ward 4. 

Samuel W. Hall, 
William Whitwell Greenough, 
Darwin E. Jewett, 
*Benjamin Seaver, President. 

Ward 5. 
*Philip Greely, Jr., 

Francis Brown, 

William D. Coolidge, 
*George W. Abbott, 

Ward 6. 

Thomas Haviland, 
Charles Henry Parker, 
*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam. 

Washington P. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
Gideon French Thayer, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee. 



Ward 8. 

Samuel Topliflf, 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 
Walter Bryent, 
Henry W. Gushing, 
William Blake, 
Tisdale Drake. 

Ward 10. 
George R. Sampson, 
Samuel Wales, Jr., 
Solomon Hopkins, 
Jesse Maynard. 

Ward 11. 

Edward Shirley Erving, 
John Green, Jr., 
*Stephen Tucker, 
George W. Frothingham. 

Ward 12. 

Samuel S. Perkins, 
Alvan Simonds, 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith. 

Gkegg, Clerh. 



273 



1849. 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGBLOW. 



AL D E RMEN , 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 
William Pope, 
Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 
John Hubbard Wilkins, 

*Samuel F. McCleary, City Cleric. 



Billings Briggs, 
John Plummer Ober, 
Moses Grant, 
Samuel Hall. 



C OMM ON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 

Abel B. Munroe, 
William Palfrey, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman. 

Ward 2. 
Freeborn Fairfield Raymond, 
Henry Davis, 
George D. B. Blanchard, 

*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
George Cofran, 
Thomas Critchet, 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh. 

Ward 4. 

William Whitwell Greenough, 
*Benjamin Seaver, President^ 
*John Atkins, 

Nathaniel Seaver. 

Ward 5. 

Francis Brown, 
Frederick Crosby, 
Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright. 



Ward 7. 

Theophilus Rogers Marvin, 
William G. Brooks, 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell. 

Ward 8. 

Samuel Toplifi", 
Francis Gardner, 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer. 

Ward 9. 

Tisdale Drake, 
Francis Brinley, 
Richard B. Callender, 
Calvin W. Clark. 

Ward 10. 

George R. Sampson, 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy. 

Ward 11. 
*Manlius S. Clarke, 

George William McLellan, 
*Albert T. Minot, 

Francis Richards. 



Ward 6. Ward 12. 

*Richard B. Carter, 
John Phelps Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey. 

Washington P. Gregg, Clerk. 
35 



Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Benjamin James, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane. 



274 



1850 



MAYOR, 

JOHN PRBSCOTT BIGELOW. 



ALD E RMEN 



Henry Bromfield Rojrers, 
Samuel Shurtleff Perkins, 
Billings Briggs, 
Moses Grant, 

*Samuel F. 



Samuel Hall, 

Solomon Piper, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 

James Perkins. 



McCleary, Citif Clerk. 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 

Abel B. Munroe, 
Isaiah Faxon, 
William Parkman, 
John Gushing. 

Ward 2. 

Freeborn F. Raymond, 

Henry Davis, 

George D. B. Blanchard, 

*Emery Goss. 

Ward 3. 
Julius A. Palmer, 
Robert Marsh, 
Solomon Parker, 
Charles Emerson. 

Ward 4. 
Henry Lincoln, 
Nathaniel Seaver, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
WiUiam C. Ford. 

Ward 5. 

Benjamin Beal, 
John M. Wright, 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Avery Plumer, Jr. 



C OUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

William G. Brooks,. 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Samuel A. Appleton. 

Ward 8. 
Willard A. Harrington, 
Nathaniel Brewer, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, Jr. 

Ward 9. 
Francis Brinley, President^ 
Calvin W. Clark, 
James W. Sever, 
Joseph W. Merriam. 

Ward 10. 
George Woodman, 
Moses Kimball, 
Reuben Lovejoy, 
Aaron H. Bean. 

Ward 11. 

George William McLellan, 

*Manlius S. Clarke, 
*Albert T. Minot, 
Francis Richards. 



Ward 6. 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Edward Hennessey, 
Ebenezer Dale. 

WASHINiStON P 



Ward 12. 

Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
Jabez Coney, 
Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Ci'ane. 

Gregg, Clerk. 



275 



1851. 

MAYOR, 

JOHN PRESCOTT BIGBLOW. 



AL D E RMEN, 



Henry Bromfield Rogers, 

Billings Briggs, 

Moses Grant, 

Henry Manning Holbrook, 



Abel B. Munroe, 
Calvin Whiting Clark, 
Moses Kimball, 
Benjamin Smith. 



*Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 
John Cushing, 
*James G. Hovey, 
Joel M. Holden, 
Charles H. Stearns, 

Ward 2. 

Cyrus Washburn, 
*James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Eichard Shackford. 

Ward 3, 
Solomon Carter, 
Hiram Bosworth, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 
Henry J. Gardner, 
James Lawrence, 
Harvey Jewell. 

Ward 5. 
Benjamin Beal, 
Avery Plumer, Jr., 
Abraham. G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall. 

Ward 6. 
Henry Lincoln, 
John P. Putnam, 
Charles Brown, 
Ebenez'ii- L'ale. 

Washingtox P 



Ward 7. 



Francis Brinley, President, 
James W. Sever, 
David Chapin, 
John B. Dexter, Jr. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Oliver B. Dorrance, 
Francis C. Manning. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thomp^n, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Francis Richards, 
Peter C. Jones. 

Ward 10. 

Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
Edward Reed. 

Ward 11. 
Bradley N. Cumings, 
*Albert T. Minot, 
Andrew J. Loud, 
Theodore P. Hale. 

Ward 12. 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 

Joseph Smith, 
Samuel D. Crane, 
Zibeon Southard. 

Gregg, Chrk. 



276 



1852 



MAYOR , 

*BENJAMIN SEAYER. 

ALDERMEN, 
John Plummer Ober, *Lyman Perry, 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 



Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Thomas Phillips Rich, 
Isaac Gary. 



Samuel F. McCleart, Jr., City Cleric. 



C MMON COUNCIL, 



Ward 1. 
Elijah Stearns, 
Benjamin Fessenden, 
Edward A. Vose, 
George Wilson. 

Ward 2. 
Cyrus Washburn, 
*James B. Allen, 
William H. Calrow, 
Andrew Burnham. 

Ward 3. 
Thomas Sprague, 
Andrew Abbott, 
Samuel A. Bradbury, 
Dexter Roby. 

Ward 4. 
Asa Swallow, 

Henry J. Gardner, President, 
James Lawrence, 
John J. Rayner. 

Ward 5. 
Abraham G. Wyman, 
Ezekiel Kendall, 
Harvey Jewell, 
Joseph D. Roberts. 

Ward 6. 

Henry Lincoln, 
Paul Adams, 
William Thomas, 
Frederick H. Stimpson. 

Washington 



Ward 7. 

David Chapin, 
Samuel Nicolson, 
Edward H. Eldredge, 
Farnham Plummer. 

Ward 8. 
John M. Wright, 
Daniel N. Haskell, 
Amos Cutler, 
George W. Warren. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
Edward S. Erving, 
Peter C. Jones, 
John Odin, Jr. 

Ward 10- 

Ezra Lincoln, 
Aaron H. Bean, 
Otis Kimball, 
John F. Bannister. 

Ward 11. 

Theodore P. Hale, 
Horace A. Breed, 
Aaron Hobart, 
*David Hamblen. 

Ward 12. 
Zibeon Southard, 
John Proctor, 
George N. Noyes, 
Samuel R. Spinney. 

P. Gregg, Clerk. 



277 



18 53, 



MAYOR, 

*BENJAMIN SBAYER. 



ALDEEMEN 



Benjamin James, 
Sampson Reed, 
Jacob Sleeper, 
Thomas Phillips Eich, 



Isaac Gary, 
James Whiting, 
Benjamin Franklin WhitSj 
Oliver Frost. 



Samuel F. Mc Clear y, Jr., City Clerk. 



COMMON COUNCIL 



Ward 1. 

Cyrus Buttrick, 
Elijah Stearns, 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Charles A. Turner. 

Ward 2. 
Andrew Burnham, 
Henry D. Gardiner, 
Daniel D. Kelly, 
Benjamin F. Russell. 

Ward 3. 

Thomas Sprague, 
Dexter Roby, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Charles Dupee. 

Ward 4. 
Henry J. Gardner, Pres't, 
John J. Rayner, 
William F. Goodwin, 
Martin L. Hall. 

Ward 5. 
Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph D. Roberts, • 
*Israel C. Rice, 
Matthew Binney. 

Ward 6. 
Paul Adams, 
Ezra Forristall, (resigned in May.) 
Francis B. Winter, 
Henry F. Durant, 
William Washburn, (from May.) 

Washington P 



Ward 7. 

Samuel Nicolson, 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
William Burrage. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
John H. Thorndike, 
Calvin P. Hinds. 

Ward 9* 
Peter C. Jones, 
Thacher Beal, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Jonas H. French. 

Ward 10. 
John F. Bannister, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Samuel J. M. Homer, 
Joel Richards. 

Ward 11. 
Horace A. Breed, 
Alexander Hamilton Rice, 
Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Gardner P. Drury, (res. in Feb.) 
John A. Cummings, (from Feb.) 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
William S. Thacher, 
*James F. Whittemore. 

Gregg, Clerk. 



278 



18 54 



MAYOR, 

JEROME YAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 



ALDERMEN 



Benjamin Leach Allen, 
Oliver Frost, (res. May,) 
John Thomas Dingley, 
Josiah Dunham, Jr., 
William Washburn, 

Samuel F. McCleary, Jr., City Clerk. 



Tisdale Drake, 

George Frederick Williams, 

George Odiorne, 

Abel B. Munroe, (from May.) 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
Charles T. Woodman, 
Timothy C.Kendall, 
William P. Howard, 
John Davis. 

Ward 2. 
Daniel D, Kelly, 
Morrill Cole, 
Watson G. Mayo, 
Ebenezer Atkins. 

Ward 3. 
Charles Dupee, 
Mical Tubbs, 
Caleb S. Johnson, 
Benjamin F. Mahan. 

Ward 4. 

Martin L. Hall, 
William F. Goodwin, 
George W. Messinger, 
John M. Clark. 

Ward 5. 

Pelham Bonney, 
George W. Chipman, 
Levi Boles, 
Daniel Warren. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
J. Amory Davis, 
Hiram Simmons, 
Ebenezer Johnson. 

Washinoton 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
David Whiton. 

Ward 8. 
George W. Warren, 
Charles Demond, 
Calvin P. Hinds, 
Charles O. Rogers. 

Ward 9. 
John Odin, 
Joseph L. Drew, 
Thacher Beal, 
J. W. T. Stodder. 

Ward 10. 
Robert Cowdin, 
David Bryant, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
John R. Mullin. 

Ward 11. 
Stephen Tilton, Jr., 
Alexander Hamilton Rice, Pres't, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
* Charles Mayo. 

Ward 12. 
Charles C. Conley, 
*James F. Whittemore, 
Joshua Jenkins, 
Edward H. Brainard. 

P. Gregg, Clerk. 



279 



1855. 



MAYOR, 

JEROME VAN CROWNINSHIELD SMITH. 

ALDERMEN, 



Josiali Dunham, Jr., 

William Washburn, Chairman, 
Robert Cowdin, 
Samuel Topliff, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Joseph Lawrence Drew, 
Charles Todd Woodman, 



John Morehead Clark, (res. June.) 
Salma Elger G-ould, 
Charles Woodberry, 
Albion Keith Parris Joy, 
Benjamin Franklin Cooke, 
George Washington Messinger, 
(from June.) 



Samuel F. McCleary, Jk., Clt'ij Clerk. 



COMMON 



Ward 1. 
William P. Howard, 
William Marble, 
Samuel P. Whitman, 
George D. Ricker. 

Ward 2. 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
Austin Gove, 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward F. Porter. 

Ward 3. 
Samuel Jepson, 
Jonathan B. Severance, 
William H. Lounsbury, 
Edward W. Hincks. 

Ward 4, 

Robert I. Burbank, 
Charles B. Farley, 
Lorenzo S. Cragin, 
Jerome W. Tyler. 

Ward 5. 
George W. Chipman, 
Joseph Story, President, 
Joseph A. Pond, 
William G. Harris. 

Ward 6. 
George S. Jones, 
George W. Learnard, 
Benjamin F. Stevens, 
Alvin Vinal. 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
Farnham Plummer, 
Samuel Hatch, 
Artemas Stone, 
Hales W. Suter. 

Ward 8. 
Charles O. Rogers, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
Frederick L. Washburn, 

Ward 9. 
Jonas H. French, 
John W. T. Stodder, 
Charles Nowell, 
William B. Merrill. 

Ward 10, 
Hezekiah Prince, 
*William A. Bell, 
Samuel W. Ropes, 
Charles S. Burgess. 

Ward 11. 
*Charles Mayo, 
John W. F. Hobbs, 
Eben Tarbell, 
Jairus A. Frost. 

Ward 12. 
Edward H. Brainard, 
George S. Dexter, 
Daniel Hall, 
*Jedediah P. Bean. 



Washin&ton p. Gregg, Clerk. 



280 



18 5 6. 



M AY R , 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE. 



AL D ERM EN 



John Thomas Dingley, 
Eben Jackson, 
Pelham Bonney, Chairman, 
Timothy Converse Kendall, 
William Howard Calrow, 
Farnham Plummer, 
James Cheever, 
Osmyn Brewster, 

Samuel F. Mc Clear y, City Clerk 



*Levi Benjamin Meriam, 

(died April,) 
Otis Rich, 

George Washington Torrey, 
Robert Codman, 
Joseph Milner Wightman, 

(from April.) 



COMMON 
Ward 1. 
Oliver Frost, 
William Parkman, 
William A. Krueger, 
Henry L. Dalton. 

Ward 2. 
Amos A. Dunnels, 
Edward F. Porter, 
Bradbury G. Prescott, 
William S. Albertson. 

Ward 3. 
James M. Stevens, 
Lucius A. Bigelow, 
James W. Russell, 
John Peak. 

Ward 4, 
Robert I. Burbank, 
Jerome W. Tyler, 
Jacob A. Dresser, 
Oliver Stevens, President. 

Ward 5. 
Joseph A. Pond, 
Reuben Reed, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
Daniel J. Coburn, (res. April,) 
Joseph Story, (from April,) 

Ward 6. 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
Ezra Farnsworth, 
John G. Webster, 
Davis B. Roberts. 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
Samuel Hatch, 
Hales W. Suter, 
Rufus B. Bradford, 
Daniel Cragin. 

Ward 8. 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
Joseph Buckley, 
Sylvester P. Gilbert, 
David F. McGilvray. 

Ward 9. 

Jonas H. French, 
Thacher Beal, 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
L. Miles Standish. 

Ward 10. 
Joel Richards, 
John R. MuUin, 
Robert Slade, 
Nathaniel C. Nash. 

Ward 11. 

Francis J. Parker, 
William F. Richardson, 
Frederick F. Thayer, 
Julian O. Mason. 

Ward 12. 

Ezra Harlow, 
Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr., 
Lewis C. Whiton, 
Sumner Crosby. 



Washington P. Gregg, Clerk. 



281 



18 5 7 



MAYOR, 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON RICE. 



Benjamin James, 

Oliver Frost, 

John Thomas Dingley, 

Pelham Bonney, Chairman 

Osmyu Brewster, 

Otis Bich, 



ALDERMEN, 

Joseph Milner Wightman, 

Solomon Carter, 

Samuel Hatch, 

Silas Peiree, 

James Nute, 

Timothy Allen Sumner. 



Samuel F. McCleaey, Clhj Clerk. 



COMMON 

Ward 1. 



William Parkman, 
Henry L. Dalton, 
William A. Krueger, 
John B. Wedger. 

Ward 2. 

William C. Ford, 
Nehemiah Gibson, 
Benjamin F. Palmer, 
Benjamin Pond. 

Ward 3. 

Charles Emerson, 
James M. Stevens, 
James J. Cobb, 
Samuel Talbot, Jr. 

Ward 4. 
Jacob A. Dresser, 
Oliver Stevens, Presiderit, 
Francis E. Faxon, 
George JST. Nichols. 

Ward 5. 
Joseph A. Pond, 
William G. Harris, 
Barnet F. Warner, 
George A. Shaw. 

Ward 6. 
Ebenezer Johnson, 
Davis B. Roberts, 
John S. Damrell, 
George W. Tuxbury. 

Washington P, 
36 



COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 

Rufus B. Bradford, 
John H. Barry, 
Henry E. Bayley, 
George S. Hale. 

Ward 8. 
Frederick L. Washburn, 
David F. McGilvray, 
James H. Beal, 
Benjamin French. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
William B. Merrill, 
Nahum M. Morrison, 
Sidney A. Stetson. 

Ward 10. 
Joseph Smith, 
David Bryant, 
John R. Mullin, 
John Tyler. 

Ward 11. 
Frederick F. Thayer, 
William Fox Richardson, 
Josiah B. Richardson, 
Samuel W. Waldron, Jr. 

Ward 12. 
Freeman M. Josselyn, Jr., 
Lewis C. Whiton, 
Davis W. Bailey, 
Henry Mason. 
Gregg, Clerh. 



282 



1858. 



MAYOR, 

FREDERIC WALKER LINCOLN, Jr., 



ALDERMEN, 



Benjamin James, 

Osmyn Brewster, 

Otis Rich, 

Joseph MilnerWigbtman, Cli'n, 

Samuel Hatch, (from Feb'y,) 

Silas Peirce, 

James Nute, (res. March,) 



Samuel Dexter Crane, 

Charles Emerson, 

Rufus B. Bradford, (res. Feb'y) 

George Dennie, 

George Augustus Curtis, 

Jesse Holbrook, 

Ebenezer Atkins, (from April.) 



Samuel F. McCleary, City Clerk. 



Ward 1. 
William Parkman, 
John B. Wedger, 
John W. Bart'lett, 
Albert Betteley. 

Ward 2. 

William C. Ford, 
Nehemiah Gibson, 
Benjamin F. Palmer, 
Benjamin Pond. 

Ward 3. 

Charles Dupee, 
James J. Cobb, 
Horace Poland, 
John C. Tucker. 



COMMON COUNCIL, 

Ward 7. 
J. Putnam Bradlee, 
Plenry E. Bayley, 
John H. Barry, 
Henry W. Haynes. 

Ward 8. 

James H. Beal, 
Benjamin French, 
Elijah Drew, 
Timothy R. Page. 

Ward 9. 
Newell A. Thompson, 
L. Miles Standish, 
Thomas M. Howard, 
Edward F. Robinson. 



Ward 4. 

Francis E. Faxon, 
Francis D. Stedman, 
Alexander Wadsworth, 
William C. Williamson. 

Ward 5. 

Pelham Bonney, 
Joseph L. Bates, 
Jairus Beal, 
Lucius Slade. 

Ward 6. 

Tisdale Drake, 
George W. Tuxbury, 
Joseph L. Ilenshaw, 
Prescott Barker. 



Ward 10. 
Charles S. Burgess, 
John R. MuUin, 
John Tyler, 
John A. Warren. 

Ward 11. 
Samuel Wallis Waldron, Jr., 
President, 
Edward F. Hall, 
William S. Me Go wan, 
Calvin A. Richards. 

Ward 12. 
Benjamin B. Brown, 
George P. French, 
Henry B. Janes, 
Chauncey Page. 



Washington P. Gregg, Clerk. 



INDEX. 



ALDEEMEN. 



\_The figures indicate the number of years of service.'] 



Algev, C)-rus 2 

AUeu, Benjamin L 2 

Allen, William W 1 

Amory, Charles 2 

Amory, Thomas C. Jr. . 1 

Andrews, William T. . . . 2 

Armstrong, Samuel T... 4 

Atkins, Ebenezer 2 

Ayer, J. Cullen, 1 

B 

Bailey, Joseph T 1 

Baxter, Daniel 2 

Bellows, John 8 

Benjamin, Asher 2 

Bent, Adam 1 

Billings, Samuel 1 

Binney, John 3 

Blake, George 1 

Boies, Jeremiah S 1 

Bonnej', Felham 2 

Bowdoin, James 1 

Bradford, Kufus B. See note. 

Brewster, Osmyn 3 

Briggs, Billings 5 

Brimmer, Martin 1 

Bryant, John 1 

C 

Calrow, William H 1 

Carney, Daniel 2 

Carter, Solomon 1 

Gary, Isaac 2 

Cheever, James -.. 1 

Child, David W 2 

Clark, Calvin W 1 

Clark, James 2 

Clark, John M 1 

Codmau, Robert 1 

Cooke, Benjamin F 1 

Cowdin, Kobert 1 

Crane, Larra 2 

Crane, Samuel D 2 

Curtis, George A 2 

D 

Dennie, George 2 

Dingley, John T 3 

Dorr, Joseph H 2 

Drake, Tisdale 1 

Drew, Joseph L 1 

Dunham Josiah 3 

Dunham, Josiah, Jr 2 

Dyer, John D 1 

E 

Eddy, Caleb 2 

Eliot, Ephraim 1 

Eliot, Samuel A 2 

Ellis, Jabez 3 

Emerson, Charles 2 

F 

Tales, Samuel 2 

Farnum, Henry 6 

Fennelly, Robert 2 

Fiske, Benjamin 1 

Frost, Oliver 3 



G 
Gould, Frederick. 
Gould, Salma E.. . 

Grant, Moses 

(ireele, Samuel... 
Gurney, Nathan. . 



H 



Hall, Jacob 

Hall, James 

Hall, Samuel 

Hariis, Isaac 

Harris, James 

Harris, Richard D.. . . 
Hatch, Samuel. ...... 

Hathaway, John 

Hayward, Joseph H. 

Head, George E 

Head, Joseph 

Holbrook, Henry M.. 

Holbrook, Jesse 

Hooper, Stephen 

Hunting, Thomas. . . . 



Jackson, Eben 

Jaclvson, Francis. . 
James, Benjamin. . 
Jenkins, Joseph. . . 

Jones, Thomas 

Joy, Albion K. P.. 



Kendall, Thomas. . . . 
Kendall, Timotliy C. 
Kimball, Moses 



Leavitt, Benson . . . 
Leighton, Charles. 
Lewis, Winslow. . . 
Longley, James . . . 
Loring, John F. . . . 
Loveriug, Joseph . 
Lowe, Abraham!'.. 



M 

Marshall, Josiah 

McCleary, John B, . . . 

Meriam, Levi B 

Messiuger, George W, 
Munroe, Abel B'. 



N 



Nute, James . 



O 



Ober, John P. 

Odiorne, George 

Odiorne, George (1854). 
Oliver, Henry J 



Parker, William . . 
Patterson, Enoch 
Peirce, Silas 



Perkins, James 1 

Perkins, Samuel S 8 

Perry, Lyman 1 

Pickering, John 1 

Piper, Solomon 1 

Plumnier, Farnham 1 

Pope, William 4 

Preston, Jonathan 3 

Q 

Quincy, Samuel 2 

R 

Reed, Lyman 1 

Reed, Sampson 2 

Revere^ Joseph VV, 1 

Rich, Otis 8 

Rich, Thomas P 2 

Richardson, Thomas. ... 8 

Robbins, Edward H 1 

Robinson, Simon W. ... 1 

Rogers, Henry B 5 

Russell, Benjamin 4 

Russell, Nathaniel P 2 



Savage, James 2 

Savage, James S 1 

Stedman, Josiah 1 

Stevens, John. See note. 

Shipley, Simon G 1 

Sleeper, Jacob 2 

Smith, Benjamin 1 

Sprague, Thomas 1 

Sumner, Timothy A. . . . 2 

T 

Tilden, Bryant P 1 

Tilden, Joseph 1 

Tileston, William 2 

TopliflT, Samuel 1 

Torrey, George W 1 

U 

Upham, Phineas 1 

Urann, Richard 2 

W 

Wales, Thomas B 1 

Washburn, William 2 

Webster, Redford. See note. 

Wells, Charles 2 

Wells, Charles A 1 

Wells, John B 1 

Welsh, Thomas, Jr 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 11 

White, Benjamin F 1 

Whiting, James 1 

Wightman. Joseph M. . . 3 

Wilkins, Charles 2 

Wilkins, John H 3 

Wilkinson, Simon 2 

Williams, George F 1 

Williams, Moses 1 

Willis, Clement 1 

Woodberry, Charles. ... 1 

Woodman, Charles T. . . 1 



284 



INDEX 



COMMON COUNCIL 



\_The references are to Wards.~\ 



A 

Abbott,, Andrew 3 

Abbott, George W 5 

Abbott, Samuel L 10 

Adams, Aaron 2 

Adams, Asa 3 

Adams. George W 7 

Adams, Joseph T 4 

Adams, Paul 6 

Adams, Philip 3 

Adams, Seth 12 

Adan, John R 3 

Albertson, William S. . . 2 

Alger, Cyrus 12 

Allen, James B 2 

Amee, Jacob 9 

Amee, J. L. C 12 

Amory, Jonathan 7 

Amory, Thomas C 9 

Andrews, Henry 2 

Appleton, Benjamin B. . 7 

Appleton, Ebenezer 6 

Appleton, Samuel 6 

Appleton, Samuel A. . . . 7 

Arnold, Charles 3 

Aspinwall, Samuel 1 

Atkins, Ebenezer 2 

Atkins, John 4 

Austin, Elbridge G 7, 10 

Austin, Samue), Jr 6 

Ayer, Joseph C 2 

B 

Bacon, John A 7 

Bailey, Davis W 12 

Bailey, Ebenezer 8, 10 

Bailey, Edwin C 3 

Baker, Joel, Jr 12 

Baker, J ohn 8 

Baker, Ruel 10,11 

Baldwin, Aaron 10 

Ballard, Daniel 2 

Ballard, John 9 

Banister, John F 10 

Barker, Prescott 6 

Barnard, Charles 10 

Barry, John H 7 

Barry, William 1 

Bartiett, Daniel, Jr 1 

Bartlett, John W 1 

Bartiett, Levi 7 

Bassett, Francis 8 

Bassett, Joseph 1 

Batchelder, John L 8 

Bates, Ezekiel 3 

Bates, Joseph L 5 

Bates, Martin 2 

Battles, Jason D 3 

Bayley, Henry E 7 

Bazin, George W C 

Beal, Benjamin 5 

Beal, Jairus 5 

Beal, James H 8 

Beal, Thacher 9 

Bean, Aaron II 10 

Bean, Jedediah P 12 

Belknai), John 7 

Bell, William A 10 



Bemis, Charles 12 

Bent, Adam 12 

Bethune, George 10 

Betteley, Albert 1 

Betton, Ninian C 1 

Bigelow, George T 7 

Bigelow, John P 9 

Bigelow, Lucius A 3 

Binney, Matthew 5 

Blake, Edward 4, 7 

Blake, James 12 

Blake, William 9 

Blanchard, Abraham W. 5 

Blanchard, Geo. D. B. . 2 

Bliss, Levi 10 

Blodgett, Luther 10 

Boardman, Charles .... 5 

Boies, Jeremiah S 9 

Boles, John 3 

Boles, Levi 5 

Bonney, Pelhani 5 

Bosworth, Hiram 3 

Bourne, Abner 8 

Bowker, John H 1 

Boyd, John P 2 

Boynton, James 1 

Boynton, Perkins 1 

Brackett, Richard 2 

Bradbury, Samuel A. . . . 3 

Bradford, Gamaliel,.... 9 

Bradford, Rufus B 7 

Bradford, W. B. See Note. 

Bradlee, David W 8 

Bradlee, John R 9 

Bradlee, Joseph 7 

Bradlee, Josiah 8 

Bradlee, Josiah P 4, 7 

Bradlee, Samuel 12 

Bradley, Joseph 3 

Brainard, Edward H. . . 12 

Breed, Aaron 8 

Breed, Horace A 11 

Brewer, Nathaniel 8 

Brewer, Thomas 11 

Brigham, Beuajah 3, 4 

Brigham, Levi 9 

Brimmer, George W. ... 11 
Brinley, Francis, Jr. 9, 10, 7 

Brinley, George 10 

Brooks, Charles 9 

Brooks, Edward 7 

Brooks, Noah 12 

Brooks, Peter C 8 

Brooks, William G 7 

Brown. Asa 12 

Browni Benjamin B . . . . 12 

Brown Charles 6 

Brown, Charles H 9 

Brown, Francis 5 

Brown, James 8 

Bryant, David 10 

Bryent, Walter 9 

Buckley, Joseph 8 

Bullard, Asa 11 

Bullard, Calvin 11 

Ballard, Silas 8 

Burbank, Robert 1 4 

Burchstead,. Benjamin . . 8 

Burgess, Charles S 10 



Burgess, William C 3 

Burnham, Andrew 2 

Burr, Theophilus 5 

Burr, Theophilus, Jr. ... 5 

Burrage, William 7 

Buttrick, Cyrus 1 

C 

Callender, Richard 9 

Calrow, William H 2 

Carlisle, George 2 

Carnes, William R 2 

Carpenter, William 9 

Carruth, Nathan 2 

Carter, Richard B 6 

Carter, Solomon 3 

Cary, Alpheus 12 

Gary, Isaac 11 

Center, John 1 

Chandler, Peleg W 6 

Chapin, David 7, 8 

Chapman, Jonathan 6 

Chessman, Samuel 3 

Child, Stephen 12 

Chipman, George W. ... 5 

Clapp, Otis 6 

Clapp, William W., Jr. 11 

Clark, Benjamin 2 

Clark, Calvin W 9 

Clark, James 3 

Clark, John M 4 

Clarke, Manlius S 11 

Coburn, Daniel J 5 

Cobb, James J 3 

Cotfin. George W 5 

Coffin, Nathaniel W. . . 7 

Cofran, George 3 

Cole, Morrill 2 

Collamore, John, Jr., 10 

Coney, Jabez 12 

Conley, Charles C 12 

Cook, Charles E 9 

Cook, Zebedee, Jr 9 

Coolidge, Joseph 4 

Coolidge, William D. . . 5 

Copeland, Elisha, Jr. ... 11 

Cornell, Walter 12 

Cowdiu, Robert 11, 10 

Crafts, John W 12 

Cragin, Daniel 7 

Cragin, Lorenzo S 4 

Crane, Horatio N 12 

Crane, Larra 3 

Crane, Samuel D 12 

Critchet, Thomas 3 

Crockett, George W 4 

Crosby, Frederick 5 

Crosby, Sumner 12 

Crowninshield, F. B. . . 4 

Cruft, Edward, Jr 8 

Cumings, B.N 1- H 

Cummings, Cyrus 3 

Cummiugs, John A 11 

Cunningham, A., Jr 4 

Cunningham, N. F 5 

Curtis, Charles P 7 

Curtis, Thomas B 4, 7 

Gushing, Henry W 9 

Gushing, John 1 



INDEX 



285 



Cutler, Amos 8 

Cutter, Airuni 4 

Cutter, Samuel L 1 

D 

Dale, Ebenezer 6 

Dall, William 11 

Dalton, Henry L 1 

Damrell, Jno. S 5, 6 

Dauforth, Isaac 7 

Dascomb, Thomas K. . . . 10 

Davis, George 11 

Davis, Heury 2 

Davis, J. Amory 6 

Davis. Jolm 1 

Davis, Jonathan 9 

Demerest, Samuel C 12 

Demoud, Charles 8 

Denison, James 10 

Denny, Daniel 8 

Derby, Elias H 7 

Dexter, Franklin 9 

Dexter, George S 12 

Dexter, John B., Jr 7, 8 

Dexter, Theodore 3, 4 

Dickinson, Daniel 2 

Dillavi'ay, William 1 

Dimmock, John L 8 

Dingley, JohnT 11, 12 

Dodd, Benjamin 1 

Dodd, James 10 

Doggett, John 11 

Doherty, Cornelius 1 

Doolittle, Lucius 4 

Dorr, Joseph H 8 

Dorr, Samuel 7 

Dorr, William B 12 

Dorrance, Oliver B 8 

Drake, Andrew 10 

Drake, Jeremy 12 

Drake, Tisdale 6, 9 

Dresser. Jacob A 4 

Drew, Elijah 8 

Drew, Joseph L 9 

Dudley, James H 3 

Dunbar, Peter 1 

Dunham, Josiah 12 

Dunham, Josiah, Jr 12 

Dunnels, Amos A 2 

Dupee, Charles 3 

Dupee, Horace 8 

Durant, Henry P 6 

Dutton. Henry W 10 

Dyer, Ezra 5 

Dyer, John D 3 

Dyer, Oliver 3 

E 

Eaton, William 1,3 

Eaton, William 12 

Eaton, William G 8 

Edmands, George W. . . 5 

Edwards, Henry 6, 7 

Eldredge, Edward H. .. 7 

Elliot, John 1 

Ellis, Ebenezer 5 

Ellis. Jabez 11 

Ellis, Jonathan 10 

Ellis, Rowland 3 

Ellis, Samuel 2 

Emerson, Charles 3 

Emerson, Romanus .... 12 

Emmes, Samuel 2 

Emmons, John L 10 

Emmons, Joshua 3 

Erving, Edward S 11, 9 

Eustis, William T 4, 7 



Bveleth, Joseph 4, 5 

Everett, Otis 11 

F 

Farley, Charles B 4 

Farnsworth, Amos 3 

Farnsworth, Ezra 6 

Farnum, Henry 4 

Faxon, Eras. E 4 

Faxon, Isaiah 1 

Faxon i Nathaniel 2 

Fay, Richard S 10 

Felt, George W 3 

Fennelly, Robert 1 

Fenuo, John 2 

Fessenden, Benjamin . . 1 

Fisher, Oliver 12 

Fisher, Willard :Jf 5 

Fitch, Jeremiah 4 

Fitch, Jonas 8 

Fletcher, Henry W 12 

Flint, Joshua B 4 

Flint, Waldo 7 

Follett. Dexter 3 

Ford, Wm. C 2,4 

Forristall, Ezra 6 

Foster, William. See Note. 

Fo\vle, Henry, Jr 2 

Fowle, James 5 

Fowle, Joshua B 1 

Fox, Horace 1 

Francis, David 10 

Frederick, Jabez 7 

French, Benj 8 

French, Charles 1 

French, George P 12 

French, John 12 

French, Jonas H 9 

Frost, Jairus A 11 

Frost, Oliver 1 

Frost, Walter 7 

Frothiugham, G. W 11 

Frothingham, Samuel . . 11 

Fuller, Abraham W. . . . 3 

G 

Gardiner, Henry D 2 

Gardner, Francis 8 

Gardner, Henry J 4 

Gardner, John , 6 

Gav, George 12 

Gibbens, Daniel L 9, 10 

Gibson, Kimball 6 

Gibson, Neheraiah 2 

Gilbert, Samuel, Jr 11 

Gilbert, Sylvester P. ... 8 

Gill, Perez 11 

Goddard, William 7 

Goodhue, Samuel 6 

Goodwin, William F. . . 4 

Gordon, George W 4 

Gore. Christopher 1 

Goss, Emery 2 

Gould, Benjamin A 9 

Gould, Frederick 1,2 

Gould, Thomas 3 

Gove, Austin 2 

Grant, Moses 4 

Gray, Henry D 1 

Gray, John C 9 

Greely, Philip, Jr 5 

Green, John, Jr 11, 12 

Greenough, Wm. W. ... 4 

Gregg, Washington P. . 4 

Grosvenor, L. P 1, 4 

Guild, Samuel E 11 



H 

Hale, Geo. S 7 

Hale, Theodore P 11 

Hall, Andrew T 9 

Hall, Daniel 12 

Hall, Edward F 11 

Hall, Martin L 4 

Hall, Samuel W 4 

Hallet, George 4 

Hamblen, David 11 

Hammond, Nathaniel . . 5 

Harding, Wm. B 12 

Harlow, Ezra 12 

Harrington, W. A 8 

Harris, Isaac 1 

Harris, James 9 

Harris, Joseph, Jr 12 

Harris, Leach 8 

Harris, Samuel 8 

Harris, William G 5 

Harrod, Noah 2 

Hartshorn, E. P 5 

Haskell, Daniel N 7,8 

Haskell, Elias 5 

Haskell, Levi B 5 

Haskell, AVilliamO 3 

Hastings, Edmund T. . . 5 

Hastings, Joseph S 6 

Hatch, Henry 12 

Hatch, Samuel 7 

Haughton, James 4 

Haven, Calvin W 11 

Ha viland, Thomas 6 

Hay, Joseph 11 

Hayden, William 10 

Haynes, Henry W 7 

Hay ward, Ebenezer .... 12 

Hay ward. James 8 

Healy, John P 7 

Hennessey, Edward .... 6 

Henshaw, Joseph L 6 

Hildreth, Richard 8 

Hillard, George S 6 

Hinckley, Holmes 11 

Hinds, Calvin P 8 

Hinks, Edward W 3 

Hobart, Aaron 11 

Hobart, Enoch 5 

Hobart, James T 7 

Hobbs, John W. F 11 

Holden.JoelM 1 

Hollis, Thomas 2 

Holmes, Barzillai 11 

Homer, Samuel J. M. . . . 10 

Hooper, Henry N 1 

Hopkins, Solomon 10 

Hovey, James G 1 

Howard, Charles 11 

Howard, Eleazer. See note. 

Howard, Thomas M 9 

Howard, William H. .. 12 

Howard, William P. . . . 1 

Howe, John 12 

Howe, Joseph N 12 

Howe, J oseph N., Jr. ... 6 

Howe, William 4 

Howes, Osborn 12 

Howes, Willis 12 

Hudson, Thomas 1 

Hunting, Thomas 12 

Hutchius, Ezra C 7 

J 

Jackson, Eben 12 

Jackson, Francis 12 

Jackson, Patrick T 7 

James, Benjamin 12 

James, John W 2, 4 



286 



INDEX 



Janes, Henry B. . . . , 12 

Jenkins, Horace 9 

Jenkins, Joshua 12 

Jenkins, Solon 12 

Jepson, Samuel 3 

Jewell, Harvey 5, 4 

Jewett, Darwin E 4 

Johnson, Caleb S 3 

Johnson, Ebenezer .... 6 

Johnson, George \Y. ... 2 

Jones, Eliphalet 5 

Jones, George S 6 

Jones, Isaac 12 

Jones, Josiah M 8 

J ones, Justin 10 

Jones, Peter C 9 

Jones, Samuel 3 

Jones, Thomas 12 

Josselyn, F. M., Jr 12 

Josselyn, Lewis 2 

K 

Keith, Robert 1 

Kelly, Daniel D 2 

Kendall, Ezekiel 5 

Kendall, Thomas 5 

Kendall, Timothy C. . . 1, 3 

Kent, Henry S 2 

Kent, William V 5 

Kimball, Benjamin 3 

Kimball, Daniel 10 

Kimball, Moses 10 

Kimball, Otis 10 

Kinsman, H. "W 11 

Krogman, Samuel B 1 

Krueger, William A. . . . 1 

L 

Lamb, Thomas 8 

Lamson, Benjamin 2 

Lane, George 5 

Lawrence, Abbott 7 

Lawrence, James 4 

Lawrence, S^ Abbott ... 4 

Learnard, George W. . . 6 

Learnard, Wm. H 1 

Leavens, Simon D 7 

Leavitt, Joseph M 2 

Leeds, Henry 1 

Leeds, Samuel 12 

Leighton, Charles 5 

Lerow, Lewis 1 

Lewis, Asa 4 

Lewis, George W 4 

Lewis, Josepli W 6 

Lewis, Winslow 11 

Lewis, Winslow, Jr 10 

Libby, J.G. L 1 

Lincoln, Ezra 6 

Lincoln, Ezra, Jr 10 

Lincoln, Hawkes 9 

Lincoln, Henry 6, 4 

Lincoln, Jared 6 

Lincoln, Levi R 3 

Lincoln, Noah, Jr 1 

Little, AVilliam, Jr. • ■ • • . 12 

Littlehale, Sargent S. . . 4 

Lodge, Giles 11 

Loring, Caleb G 1 

Loring, Jonathan 6 

Loring, Perez 5 

Lothrop, Ansel 10 

Loud, Andrew .J 11 

Lounsburv, Wm. H 3 

Lovejoy, Reuben 10 

Lovejoy, AVilliani R. ... 1 

Lovell, Michael 3 

Lowell, John, Jr 10 



M 

Mahan, Benjamin F 3 

Mann, Nehemiah P 12 

Manning, Francis C 8 

Marble, William 1 

Marrett, eiiilip 7, 11 

Marsh, Robert 3 

Martin, Israel 10 

Marvin, Theophilus R. . . 7 

Mason, Henry 12 

Mason, Julian O 11 

Maynard, Jesse 10 

Mayo, Charles 11 

Mayo, Watson G 2 

McAllaster, James 5 

McCarthy, Charles J. . . 7 

McGilvray, David F 8 

McGowan, William S. . . H 

McLellan, George W. .. 11 

McLellan, Isaac, Jr 9 

Means, James 4, 7 

Meriam, Edward P. . . . 5 

Merriam, Joseph W. ... 9 

Meriam, Levi 9 

Merrill, William B 9 

Messinger, Daniel 10 

Messinger, George W. . . 4 

Milton, Ephraim 2 

Minns, Thomas 8 

Minot, Albert T 11 

Munroe, James 2 

Moody, David 6 

Mooney, Thomas 3 

Morey, George, Jr 11 

Morrison, Nahum M. . . . 9 

Morse, Elijah 7 

Moseley, David C 10 

Motley, Thomas 6 

Moulton, Thomas 2 

Mullin, John R 10 

Munroe, Abel B 1 

N 

Nash, Nathaniel C 10 

Nazro, John G 11 

Nev^rs, Benjamin M. . . 11 

Newcomb, Norton 1 

Newell, Joseph R 8 

Nichols, George N 4 

Nicolsou, Samuel 7 

Norcross, Loring 5 

Nottage, Samuel C 1 

Nowell, Charles 9 

Noyes, George N 12 

Noyes, Nicholas 12 

Nurse, Gilbert 1 

6 

Ober, John P 1 

Odin, John, Jr 9 

Oliver, Francis J 6, 10 

Oliver, Henry J 1 

Oliver, Samuel P 1 

Oluey, Stephen W 2 

Orne, Henry 2 

Orrock, James L. P 3 

Otis, George W 5 

Otis, George W., Jr 5 

P 

Page, Chauncy 12 

Page, Edward 4 

Page, George 12 

Page, Thadclcus 1, 2 

Page. Timotliy R 8 

Paine, R.T 10,11 

Palfrey, William 1 

I'aliner, Benjamin F. . 2 

Palmer, Julius A 3 



Park, John C 5 

Parker, Amos B 3 

Parker, Benjamin .... 6 

Parker, Charles H 6 

Parker, Francis J 11 

Parker, Isaac 7 

Parker, John B 7,8 

Parker, William 5 

Pai;ker, William 10 

Parkman, William .... 1 

Parks, Luther 6 

Parmelee, Asaph 11 

Parrott, William W. ... 8 

Paul, Joseph F 11 

Peabody, Augustus .... 7 

Peabody, O. W. B 9 

Peak, John 3 

Penniman, Scammell ... 2 

Perkins, James 8 

Perkins, John S 5 

Perkins, Samuel 4 

Perkins, Samuel S 12 

Perrin, Payson 11 

Phelps, Abel 4, 5 

Phillips, George W 10 

Phillips, John L 11 

Phillips, Thomas W 7 

Pickman, Benjamin T. . . 7 

Pierce, Gilbert E 2 

Pierce, Josiah 10 

Piper, Solomon 10 

Plumer, Avery, Jr 5 

Plummer, Farnham .... 7 

Plympton, Henry 5 

Poland, Horace 3 

Pollard, Abner W 2 

Pond, Benjamin 2 

Pond, Joseijh A 5 

Pope, Thomas B 4 

Pope, William 11 

Porter, Edward F 2 

Porter, Jonathan 6 

Pratt, Eleazer 1 

Pray, Lewis G 5 

Prescott, Bradbury G. . . 2 

Prescott, Edward G 9 

Prescott, William 9 

Preston, Jonathan 9, 10 

Prince, Hezekiah 10 

Pritchard, Gilman 11 

Proctor, John 12 

I'routy , J oel 6 

Putnam, John P 6 

Q 

Quincy, Josiah, Jr. .... 4 

R 

Raymond, Freeborn F. 4 

Raymond, Thatcher R.. . 2 

Raymond, Zebina L. . . . 1 

Rayner, John 4 

Rayner, John J 4 

Reed, Edward 10 

Reed, Oliver 2 

Keed, Reuben 5 

Reed, Thomas 2 

Reed, William 10 

Rice, Alexander H 11 

Rice, Henry 7 

Rice, Israel C 5 

Kice, John P 10 

Richards, Calvin A 11 

Richards, Francis 10, 9 

Richards, Joel 10 

Ricliardson, Benjamin P. 8 

Richardson, Bill 11 

Richardson, .Tames B. . . 8 

Richardson, JeflVey .... 8 



INDEX 



287 



Richardson, Josiah B. . . 11 

Richardson, William ¥. 11 

Eicker, George D 1 

Riley, James 7 

Robbins, Edward H 9 

Robbins, Joseph 2 

Roberts, Davis B 6 

Roberts, John G 11 

Roberts, Joseph D 5 

Robinson, Edward F 9 

Robinson, John H 6 

Robinson, Simon W. . . . 1 

Roby, Dexter 3 

Rogers, Charles 8 

Ropes, Samuel W 10 

Ross, Jeremiah 3 

Roulstone, Michael 5 

Russell, Benjamin 8 

Russell, Benjamin F 2 

Russell, James W 3 

Russell, John B 9 

S 

Sampson, George R 10, 5 

Sanborn, Erastus W 3 

Sanborn, GreenleafC. .. 11 

Sargent, Ensign 6 

Sargent, Henry 8 

Sargent, Lucius M. See Note. 

Savage, George 11, 12 

Savage, James 8. 10 

Sears, Joshua 3. 8 

Seai-s, Philip H ' 6 

Seaver, Benjamin 4, 5 

Seavei-, Joshua, Jr 6 

Seaver, Nathaniel 4 

Seaver, Norman 9 

Sever, James W 7 9 

Severance, Jonathan B. ' 3 

Shackford, Richard 2 

Shattuck, Lemuel 10 11 

Shaw, Georg-e A. ......' 5 

Shaw, Jesse 6 

Shaw, Robert G ..'. 4 

Shelton, Stephen ..." 9 10 

Shelton, Thomas J 8 

Shipley, Simon G 3 

Silsby, Enoch 7 

Simmons, Hiram ....... Q 

Simonds, Alvan '. 12 

Simonds, Jonathan . . . ." 10 

Simonds, William 5 

Slade, John, Jr 7 

Slade, Lucius g 

Slade, Robert 10 

Sloan, Samuel W 12 

Smith, George W 2 3 

Smith, Joseph 10, 12 

Snelling, Enoch H 1 

Snelling, John 3 

Snow, Asa B 3 

Snow, Ephraim L 5 

Southard, Zibeon 12 

Spear, William T 3 

Spinney, Samuel R 12 

Spooner, William B. . . 4 

Sprague, C 10,11,12 

Sprague, Thomas 3 

Sprague, William 3 

Standish, L. Miles 9 

Starbuck, Charles C 10 

Stearns, Charles H 1 

Stearns, Elijah 1 

Stearns, Jacob 3 

Stebbins, John B 12 

Stedman, Francis D 4 

Stedman, Josiah n 

Stetson, Alpheus 12 

Stetson, Sidney A 9 

Stevens, Benjamin 12 



Stevens, Benjamin F. . . 6 

Stevens, Isaac 10 

Stevens, James M 3 

Stevens, John 6, 12 

Stevens, John 11 

Stevens, Oliver 4 

Stevens, Seriah 12 

Stimpson Frederick H. 6 

Stodder, Joseph 2 

Stodder, J. W. T 9 

Stone, Artemas 7 

Stone, Joseph 2 

Story, Joseph 5 

Stover, Theophilus 12 

Stowe, Freeman 5 

Sturtevant, Noah 4 

Sullivan, William 6 

Suter, Hales W 7 

Swallow, Asa 3, 4 

Sweet, Samuel 7 



Talbot, Samuel, Jr 3 

Tappan, Lewis 9 

Tarbell, Eben H 

Tarbell, Silas P 4 

Thacher, William S 12 

Thaxter, Jonathan . 5 

Thaxter, Samuel 6 

Thayer, El ias B U 

Thayer, Frederic F 11 

Thayer, Gideon F 7, 10 

Thayer, Joel 4 

Thayer, Joseph H 8 

Thom, Isaac 12 

Thomas, George F 2 

Thomas, William 6 

Tiiompson, Erasmus 1 

Thompson, John 11 

Thompson, N. A 6, 9 

Thompson, Thomas H.. . 1 

Thorndike, John H 8 

Thurston, Caleb 12 

Tillson, John 12 

Tilton, Stephen, Jr 11 

Titcomb, Stephen 6 

Tombs, Michael 1 

Toplitr, Samuel 8 

Torrey, Charles 9 

Torrey, Samuel D 4 

Townsend, Isaac P 12 

Townsend, Samuel R. . . 6 

Tracy, Charles 5 

Train, Enoch 6 

Tremere, John B 1 2 

Trull, Ezra '4 

Truman, John F 2 

Tubbs, Mical 3 

Tucker, John C. . : 3 

Tucker, Stephen H 

Tufts, Quiucy 4 

Turner, Charles A 1 

Turner, Job 1 

Turner, John 2 

Turner, Otis H 

Tattle, Jedediah 10 

Tuxbury, George W. . . 6 

Tyler, John 10 

Tyler, John S 8 

Tyler, Jerome W 4 

U 

Upham, Henry q 

IJpham, Phineas 10 

Urann, Richard H 



Vinal, Alvin 6 

Vinson, Thomas M 12 

Vose, Edward A 1 



Vose, Joshua 11 

Vose, Josiah 11 

Vose, Thomas 11 

W 
Wadsworth, Alexander 4 
Wakefield. Enoch H. . . 3 
Waldron.Samuel W., Jr. 11 

Wales, Samuel 10 

Wales, Thomas B 10 

Ward, Artemas 3 

Ward, Samuel D 7 

Ward, Thomas W 7 

Ware, Ephraim G 12 

Ware, Horatio G 5 

Vf arner, Barnet F 5 

Warren, Daniel 5 

Warren, George VV 8 

Warren, John A 10 

Washburn, Calvin 5 

Washburn j Cyrus 2 

Washburn, Frederic L. 8 
Washburn, W. R. P. . . . 4 

Waters, Isaac 6 

Watts, Francis O 8 

Webster, John G 6 

Wedger, John B 1 

Weeks, William A 8 

Welles, John 9 

A'\^ellington, Alfred A. . 4 

Wells, Charles 1 

Wells, John B 12 

Wells, Thomas 3 

Wetmore, Thomas 7 

Wheeler, Joseph 1 

Wheeler, Samuel 11, 12 

Wheelwright, George . . 5 

White, Warren, 11, 12 

Whiting, James 3 

Whitman, Samuel P. . . 1 

Whitney, Moses, Jr 9 

Whitney, William 9 

Whiton, David 7 

Whiton, James M 4 

Whiton, Lewis C 12 

Whittemore, George 8 

Whittemore, James F. . . 12 

Wildes, William 2 

Wiley, Thomas 6 

Wilkins, Charles 4 

Wilkins, John H 6 

Wilkinson, Simon 1 

Willard, Aaron, Jr 12 

Willcutt. Levi L 9 

Willett, Joseph H 

Williams, Elijah, Jr 5 

Williams, Eliphalet 8 

Williams, Horace 6, 7 

Williams, Moses 12 

Williams, Samuel K. . . . 8 
Williamson, William C. 4 

Willis, Benjamin 8 

Willis, Clement 9 

Willis, Horatio M 7 

Wilson, George 1 

Winslow, Isaac 5 

Winter, Francis B 6 

Winthrop, G. T 6 

Wood, Amos 9 

Wood, Benjamin, 2d 2 

Woodman, Charles T. . . 1 

Woodman, George 10 

Wright, James 12 

Wi-ight, John M 5, 8 

Wright, William 6, 12 

Wright, Winslow 5 

Wyinan, Abraham G. . . 5 

r 

Yeaton, Benjamin 10 



INDEX 



Aldermen, Kules and Orders, - - - 135 
names and residences, - - - 157 
powers and duties, - - - 15 
vacancies in, ^ - - - - 8 

election of, 8, 9 

no choice of, 8 

Standing Committees of, - - 138 
Chairman of, - - - 15, 135, 157 
Appropriations, 

additions to, 144 

transfers of, - - - - - 144 
Amendment of motion, - - - - 151 

of questions, 151 

of Kules and Orders, - - 140, 152 

Accounts, Board of, 197 

Committee on, - - - - 161 
County, Committee on, - , - 167 
Armories, Committee, . . . . igt 
Assessors' Department, Committee on, - 161 
Assessors, and how chosen, &c., - 17, 169 
Assistant, . . . , . igg 
Auditor of Accounts, ----- 192 
Advertising, &c., - - - - - 191 

B 
Back Bay Lands, Committee, - - - 165 
By-Laws, -----. -ig 

Ballot, election by, ----- 155 

Buildings, Public, 

defacing, ------ 64 

Committee on, - - - - 163 

Superintendent of, . - . 135 
Burials, (see Cemeteries.) 
Bridges, Committee on, - . . . I67 
Ordinance, ----- 87 

Superintendents of, - - - 170 
Bells and Clocks, Committee on, - - 168 

Board of Accounts, 197 

Bark, &c.. Measurers of, . - - -195 
Boats, &c., Weighers of, - - - - 195 
Bundle Hay, Inspectors of, ... 195 
Ballast, 

Inspectors of, 195 

Business, Order of, - - - - 139, 151 

Births, registry of, 180 

Bonds of city officers, - - - - 108 

Billiard saloons, &c., 62 

Bowling alleys, &c., 62 

Boj'lstou Fund, trustees, - - - . 185 

Broadway Railroad charter, 42, 47, 48, 50 

Location, ----- 131 



Carriage hire, bills for, - - - . 145 
Cochituate Water Board, - - - - 193 

Committees, 161 

not to act separately, - - - 145 
joint records and reports of, - - 145 
time allowed for rejiorting, - - 145 
powers and duties, - - - - 153 

Conference, 143 

Joint Standing, - - - - I6I 
Clerk of, - - - - 107, 166 
number of members, - - - 141 
how appointed, - - - . 143 
of the Whole, . - - - 153 



Committees, 

Standing, how appointed, - - 143 
when not to sit, - - - - 153 
Chairman of, - - - - 143, 154 
chosen by ballot, - - - - 141 
Chairman of, pro tern., - - 143 
Notice of Meetings, . - - - 154 
when to report, - - - 139, 154 
of Board of Aldermen, - - 188 

Claims, 142 

Committee on, . . - - 162 

Chairman of Committees, - - - 143, 153 

of Board of Aldermen, - - 135 

pro tempore, - - - - - 139 

City Charter, 3 

how altered, 29 

City Debt, amount of, - - . - 232 

vote to increase, - - - - 144 

Committee on, - - - - 161 

City Officers, times of choice, &c., - - 18 

bonds of, 103 

City Council, powers of, - - - - 3 

ineligible to other offices, - - 19 
rules of, ----- - 141 

organization of, - - - - 13 

former members, - - - - 246 

City Physician, 72,180 

Common Council, ----- 158 

organization of, - - - - 15 

how chosen, ----- 10 

rules of, - - - - - - 147 

vacancies in, - - - - - 11 

President, - - - - 16,158 

Clerk of, - - - - 16, 155, 160 

Cemeteries, Committee on, . - - 167 
Coroners, ------- 195 

Conferences, 143 

City Clerk, 14, 160 

vacancy, ------ 15 

absence, 15 

County Accounts, Committee on, - - 161 

Officers. - 195 

Common, &c.. Committee on, - - -167 
Superintendent of, - - . 186 

Ordinance, 112 

Constables, 190 

Clocks, &c.. Committee on, - - -168 
Court House, Keeper of, - - - - 198 

Cullers of Fish, 194 

Hoops, &c., 194 

City Crier, 195 

Charitable Institutions, , - - - 182 
Consulting Physicians, . - - - 180 

Chief of Police, 180 

Correction, House of, - - - - 183 

Cambridge railroad location, - - - 127 

D 

Debt, City, 232 

increase of, - - - - - 144 

Committee on, - - - - 161 

Deaths, registry of, - - - - - 197 

Deeds, indexes of, - - - - 37, 39 

Division of questions, 151 

Decorum of members, . - - - 149 

Doubted Votes, 151 

Disagreement of two Boards, - - - 143 



INDEX 



289 



Dorchester Avenue Eailroad location, - 129 

E 

Excuses for not voting, . - - - 150 

Elections by ballot, 155 

Expenditures limited, - - - 140, 144 

Elections of State Officers, - - - 26 

of City Officers, times, - 155, 234 

Committee on, . - - - 166 

returns of votes, - - - 26, 60 

External Health, Committee on, - - 167 

Engines, officers and members, - - 171 

Engineer, City, 193 

Assistant do. .... 193 

Engineers, pay, &c.. ----- 170 

Estates, valuation of, - - - - 232 

F 

Finance, Committee on, - - - 143, 162 

annual statement, - - - 22 

Furnaces, &c., do. 168 

Faneuil Hall, Committee on, - - - 167 

Superintendent of, . - - 185 

Fire Department, ----- 170 

Ordinance, 105 

Committee on, - - - - 167 

Officers of, 170 

Fire Alarms. Superintendent, &c., - 173 

Stations, ----- 175 

Committee, 162 

Fence Viewers, ----- 194 

Field Drivers, 194 

Further time to report, - - - - 154 

Fish, Cullers of, 194 

Funeral Undertakers, . - - - 181 

Fuel Committee, 162 

G 

General Meetings, - - - - - 28 

Government, City, ----- 241 

Grain, measurer, ----- 195 

acts, ----- 32, 34 

fees, 33 

H 

Harbor of Boston, Committee on, » - 163 

Acts, 41 

Master, 177 

regulations, 177 

House of Correction, 

Master, 183 

Keformation, - - - - 183 

Industry, &c,, - - - - 183 

Hospital, City - - - - . - 69 

Health Department, 179 

Ordinance, 84 

Board of, - - , , - 18 

Superintendent of, - . • 180 

Hay Weighers, 195 

Hay, Inspectors of, 195 

Highways, Surveyors of, - - r - 19 

Hoops and Staves, Cullers of, - - - 194 

Hacks, &c., Supt. of, - - -^ - 188 

Horse Kailroads, Act, - - - - 63 

flegulations, 122 

Locations, - - - - 63, 125 

I 

Internal Health, Committee on, ? ? 167 

Industry, House of, 182 

Instruction, Public, Committee on, - 164 

Inspectors of Prisons, - . - - 197 

Indefinite Postponement, - - . - 5 
Institutions at South Boston and Deer 

Island, Act, 56 

Ordinance, ----- 90 

Committee on, - . . - ig3 

37 



Institutions at So. Boston and Deer Island, 

Officers, 182 

Directors, 182 

Insolvent Court, . - - - 182,197 

J 

Jail, Committee on, ----- 168 

Joint Kules and Orders, - - - - 141 

Joint Standing Committees, - - - 141 

how composed, - . - - 141 

records to be kept, - - - 145 

Chairman of, - - - - 143 

reports of, - - - - - 145 

Jailer, Deputy, - - - - . _ - 196 

Jurors, lists of, ----- 36 

Junk shops. Ordinance, - - - - 95 

L 

Laws, recent, ------ 32 

Lunatic Hospital, Admissions, 67, 68, 121 

Government, - - - - 183 

Laying on the table, . - - - 136 

Licenses, Committee on, - - - - 168 

Lands, Public, Commissioners^ - - 186 

Ordinances, - - - 70, 77, 104 

Superintendent of, - - - 186 

Lamps, number of, &c., - - - - 185 

Committee on, - - - - 168 

Superintendent of, - - - 185 

Lumber, Surveyors of, - - - - 193 

Ordinance, ----- 113 

Lighters, "Weigher of, - - -' - 195 

Ordinance, ----- 81 

Lime, Inspector of, - - - - - 194 

Leather, Measurer of, - - - - 195 

Library, Public, Ordinance, - - - 105 

Committee on, - - - - 164 

Trustees, 186 

Librarian, ----- 186 

Superintendent, - - - - 186 

Lock-ups, Keeper of, - - . - 198 

M 

Motions to be in writing, - - - - 151 

withdrawn, 148 

Members, rights and duties of, - - 149 
Members not to speak more than twice, - 150 
not to stand up, - - - - 150 
not to be interrupted, - - - 150 
not to be on more than two Com- 
mittees, . - - . 150 
not to be named, - - - - 150 

all to vote, 137 

two or more rising, - - 137, 150 

interested, - - - . 137, 151 

Mayor and Aldermen, - . - - 157 

Mayor, absence of, - - - - - 13 

no choice of, - . - . 8 

election of, 6 

decease of, - - - - - 22 

vacancy, 22 

duties of, 20 

compensation, - - - - 19 

veto power, ----- 21 

Main question, 148 

Memorials, &c., 21 

Metropolitan Railroad location, - - 125 

Middlesex Railroad locations, - - 127 

Market, Committee on, - - - - 168 

Superintendent and assistants of, 187 

Ordinance, 120 

limits, 120, 188 

Mahogany, &c.. Surveyors of, - - 194 

Messenger to City Council, - - - 160 

Assistant, 160 

Meetings of Committees, notice of, - - 154 

of citizens, 28 



290 



INDEX 



Marriages, &c., Registry of, - - - 180 

Measurer of Wood, Bark, &c., - - 195 

Marble, Surveyor of, 194 

Municipal Court, Officers of, - - - 196 

Municipal Year, - - - - 5 
Mount Hope Cemetery, 

Ordinance, 95 

Trustees, ----- 180 

Superintendent, - - - - 181 

Mt. Washington Avenue, K. R. location, 130 

N. 

Notice to Committees, ... - 154 

Newspapers, City, - - - . 191 

Non-concurrence, 143 

O 
Oaths of office, 13 

Order of business, - - - - 139, 151 

Orders, titles of, 143 

to have two readings, - - 136, 143 

Ordinances, titles of, 143 

recent, 70 

reading of, 154 

Committee on, - . - . 163 
Overseers of the Poor, . - - 23, 184 
Oak, Lumber, &c.. Surveyors of, - - 193 
Order, questions of, - - - - 136, 148 
Oflttcers, election of, time, &c., - 70, 234 

bonds of, 108 

Orators of Boston, 236 

Organization of City Council, - - - 13 
Oifensive trades. Act, ... - 34 

P 
Police Department, - - - - . 188 
Committee on, - - - - 168 

Court, 197 

Harbor, 189 

Probate Court, 197 

Paving, &c.. Committee on, - - . 168 
Prisons. Inspectors of, - - - - 197 
Prisoners, transfer of, - - - - 68 
Physicians, Port, and City, - - 72, 180 

Consulting, 180 

Priority of Business, . - - - 139. 151 
Pound Keepers, - - - - - - 194 

Personal estate, valuation of, - - - 282 
Population of the City, - - - - 234 

President of the Council, 

rights and duties of, - - - 147 

absence of, 149 

substitution of, - - - - 148 

Previous Question, 148 

Public Buildings, Superintendent of, - 185 

Committee on, - - - . 163 

Public Library, Committee on, - - 164 

Trustees, 186 

Public Instruction, Committee on, - - 164 
Public Lands, 

Ordinance, - - - 70, 77, 104 
Superintendent of, - - - 186 
Committee on, - - - - 164 

advertising, 191 

Poor, Overseers of - - - - 23, 184 

Personalities, 150 

Postponement, 149 

Petitions, &c., 153 

Printing, &c.. Committee on, - - 164, 191 
Pawnbrokers, Ordinance, - - - 72 



Q 

Questions propounded, 
under debate, 
order of, 

Questions, divisions of, - 
laying on the table, 

Quarantine boat, 



148 
148 
148 
151 
148 
179 



K 

Rules and Orders, 

Joint, 135 

Board of Aldermen, ... 135 

Common Council, ... 147 

suspension of, - - - 140, 152 
repeal or amendment of, - 140, 152 
Reduction of City Debt, 

Committee on, - . . . 197 

Resolves, what are, - - - - 12 

Records of Committees, .... I45 

Reports, Clerks to make copies, - - 146 

to be in writing, .... 145 

Joint, 145 

agreed to by Committee, - - 145 

time allowed, - . - - 146 

Refreshments, bills for, .... 146 

Reconsideration, - - . - 136, 150 

Reading of papers, 136 

Real estate, valuation of, ... 232 

Reference of questions, .... 151 

Recommitment, 151 

Reformation, House of, - - - - 183 

Registrar, City, 180 

W^ater -----. 193 • 

Registry of Births, &c., - - - - 197 
Register of Deeds, - - - - 39, 197 

S 

Standing Committees, Joint, - - - 141 

members of, 141 

Chairman of, . - . . 143 

meetings, how called, - - - 154 

of Aldermen. - - . - 138 

to keep records, - - . - 145 

Selectmen since 1799, .... 239 

Sums, and times, votes on, - - 136, 148 

Suspension of rules, &c., - - 140, 152 

Seats of members, ----- 152 

Sewers and Drains, Act, - - - - 65 

Ordinance, 103 

Committee on, - - - - 168 

Superintendent of, - - - 191 

Salaried OflScers, how chosen, - - 155 

Solicitor, City, 19i 

Steam Engines, 

Committee on, . - - - 168 

Boat, Captain, - - . . 179 

Fire Engines, - - - - 172 

Streets and Ways, Committee on, - 166, 168 

Superintendent of, - - - 192 

Surveyors of Highways, - - - - 19 

Staves, &c.. Cullers of, &c., - . - 194 

Seal of City, 31 

Sheriifs, &c., 196 

Substitution of President, . - - 148 

Superior Court, &c., acts, - - - 42 

Officers, 195 

Sealers of Weights and Measures, - - 195 

Schools, Act, 61 

Committee, - - - - 23, 199 

vacancies, 65 

organization, .... 199 

Superintendent, - . - - 199 

houses, Act, 64 

non-resident children, - - - 59 

Snow and Ice, removal of, ... 58 

South Bay Lands, committee, - - 165 

Suffolk R, R. charter, - - - - 51 

T 

Transfers of appropriations, - - - 144 

Times and sums, votes on, - 136, 148 

Taxes, 17, 83, 229 

Treasurer, 19, 192 

Treasury Department, ... 192 

Committee on, - - - - 165 

Titles to ordinances, &c., - - - - 143 

Trucks, &c.. Superintendent of, - - 188 



INDEX 



291 



Trees, law respecting, - - - - 40 

Two-thirds vote, ----- 144 
Truants, 

Officers for, 191 

U 

Undertakers, 181 

Upper Leather, Measurer of, - - - 195 

V 

Votes, returns of, ----- 7 

doubted, - - . - 138,151 

of all required, . - - - 150 

Voters, qualified, - - - - 24, 25 

Vacancies in Ward Offices, &c., - 5, 12 



W 



Water Department, 



193 



Water, Committee on, - - - - 165 
Ordinance, - - - - 72, 111 

Registrar, 193 

Ward Officers, 5, 221 

Ward Officers, duties of, - - - - 5 
Vacancies, &c., - - - -5,12 

removals, - 12 

Ward Kooms, 228 

Warden , power and duties, - - - 6 
Wards, boundaries, ----- 224 
division of, ----- 3 
Widening streets. Committee on, - - 168 
Wood, &c.. Measurers of, - - . 195 
Weights and Measures, 

Sealers of, - - - - - 195 
Wagons and Trucks, Superintendent of, 188 
Weighers and Measurers, - - - - 195 



Yeas and Nays, 



Y 



136, 148