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Full text of "Musick's monument; or, A remembrancer of the best practical musick, both divine, and civil, that has ever been known, to have been in the world. : Divided into three parts. The first part, shews a necessity of singing psalms well, in parachial churches, or not to sing at all; directing, how they may be well sung, certainly; by two several ways, or means; with an assurance of perpetual national-quire; and also shewing, how cathedral musick, may be much improved, and refined. The second part, Treats of the noble lute, (the best of instruments) now made easie; and all its occult-locked-up-secrets plainly laid open, never before discovered; ... directing the most ample way, for the use of the Theorboe, from off the note, in confort, &c. ... In the third part, the generous viol, in its rightest use, is treated upon; ..."

Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2011 witii funding from 

National Library of Scotland 



http://www.archive.org/details/musicksmonumentoOOmace 



E GLEN COLLECTION 
OF SCOTTISH MUSIC 

ssenled by Lady Dorothea Ruggles- 
se to ihe National Library of Scotland, 
memory of her brother, Major Lord 
orge Stewart Murray, Black Watch, 

action in France in 1914. 

ZWli Januarii 1927. 



0. 



• //.'-^ 



Muficks Monument; 

R E MEMB k ANCE R 

Of the Beft 

Pra£l:ical Mufick, 

Both DIVIU^E, And CIVIL, that has ever 

been known, to have been in the World. 

Divided into Three Parts. 

The Firfl: PART, 
Shews a Necejpty of Singing Tfalms fVell^ in Parochial Churches^ 
or not to Sifig at all , Direfting, how They may be JVell Sung^ Certainly^ by 
Two feveral Ways, or Means ^ with an Affurance of a Terpetttal National- 
Qttirej and alfo (hewing, Hov/ Cathedral Mujicl^, maybe much Improved, 
and Refined. 

The Second PART, 

Treat 9 of the Noble Lute^ ( the BeU of Injirumertts ) now made 
Eafie •-, and all Its Ocadt-Loc^d-up-Secrets Tlainly laid Open, never before 
Difcoveredjwhereby It is now become Qy Familiarly Eafie,zs Any InUrument 
of Worth, known in the World j Giving the True Reafons of Its Former 
T)iffiadties '■, and Proving Its Prefent Facility, by Undeniable Arguments 5 
Direding the moft Ample Way, for the u(e of the Theorboe, from off the 
]>Jote, in Confort, &c. Shewing a General Way of Procuring Invention, and 
Tidying Voluntarily, upon the Lute, Viol, or any other Infi^rument j with 
Two Pritty 'Devices •-, the One, ihewing how to Tranjlate Lefons, from 
one Tuning, or Infirument, to Another '■, The other, an Indubitable Way, 
to know the Beli Tuning, upon any Infirument : Both done by Example. 

In the Third PART, 

The Generom Viol ^ in Its ^ightefl IJfe , is Treated upon ; with 
(bme Curious Obfervations, never before Handled, concerning It, and 
Mufick^ in General. 



By Tho. Mace, one of the Clerh^ of Trinity Colledge, in the 
Univerfity of Cambridge. 



Lo 3\c^o 3\c, 

Printed by T. Katcliffe^^nd N. Thompfon Jor the Author,and are to 
be Sold by Himfelf^at His Houfe in Cambridge^znd by John Carr^ 
at His Shop at the Middle-Temple Gate \n Fleet fir eet^ i6y6. 



.. OF SC 



»r;ii; .»- 



.^ .M.. Jtt^ i»^ j^ .-A. jOi, •J^ •tfB' -^ A "^ 4^ '*► ■^ -^ -^ :S|- -^ "*St •*' -^ifi 







E P ISTLE 

DEDICATORY. 

*OThee, One-Ottly-Onenefs, IT}ire& 

^ My Jfeal^Defues, and Works 5 fleafetoTrote^ 

Both Them, and Me •■, For Thou alone artAblt, 

( And none but Thee") to make us Acceptable 

Vnto the World. 

I am not of That Catholick Belief, 

( I mean the Rorhan's Faith) who fee k^ Relief 
( At th' Second I^aftd) from Saints j but I Thus take 
My Freedom^ and ( fans Complement ) Thtts make 
My Seeming- Bold- Addrefs : Not Judging It 
A Crime voith Thee •-, hut rather count Jtfit j 
7 art of my T)uty call'd for, which I owe 
Vnto Thy Goodnefs ^ Therifore Thus Itfljov^: 
Fve wonder d much, to fee what Great Ado 
Men make, to dedicate their fVorkf-) unto 
High Mortals ^ who Themfelves can no veay Save, 
From th' Slandrous Tongues, of every Envious Knave. 

Thou (^only") ^rf The Able-True- Prote(aor 5 
Oh be my Shield, T>efender, and T^ireUor, 

Then fure wefjall be Safe. 

Thou know'ji, ( Searcher of All Hearts^ how /, 
With Right-Downright-Sincere-Sincerity, 
Have Longed Long, to do fome Little Good, 
( According to the Bejl I underjiood ) 
JVith Thy Rich Tallent, though by me made ^oor 5 
For which I Grieve, and will dofo no more. 
By Thy Good Grace AJJifiing, which I do 
Mofi Humbly beg for : Oh Adjoyn It, to 
My Longing- Ardent-Soul 5 And have Rejpeif 
To This my weak Endeavour 5 and Accept 
(/« Thjs Great Mercy) both of It, and Me, 
Evn as We dedicate Our Selves to Thee* 



AN 



EPISTLE 

TO ALL 

DIVINE READERS; 

ESPECIALLY, 

Thofe of the Difcenting Miniflry , or 

Clergy^ who want not only 5^///, hut Good 'Will x.q 
This Moft Excelling-Part oi Di'vine-Ser'vke ^ viz. 
Singing of Ffalms^ Hymns ^ and Spiritual Songs ^ to the 
Praife of the Almighty^ in the PHblic\Affemhlies of 
His Saints ; And yet more Particularly, to All Great^ 
and High Terfons^ Siifervifors^ Majiers^ or Go'vernors. 
of the Church, (if any fuch fliould be)wanting 5^//, 
or Good- Will Thereunto. 

Ext unto God, / turn my Self to Tou, 
High Men <?/ Honour, Judging It your Tine ; 
Tou are the Chiefeft Objefts^/ Rejpe^ , 
And Therefore you ( if Any ) might Trote^ 
Such Works as Thefe:But not by your Great Names5 
©^5>M9is^&!^^^v© Renowned Titles; Worlhipnefles 5 Fames: 
to RefincTur Thofe vpill not dotj Example is The Thing 5 

cathedral- Ther's but OneWay,rphich »-,Your Selves to Sing: 

chnrch-Mu- y-^^^ ^^^^ ^-^ ^^=, . f^^ ^^^^ ^^^ Vulgar >, 

Such Worthy Prefidents, Their Leaders be, 
Jf ho Exercife Therein, and Lead the Van, 
They will be brought to't, do they what they can 5 
How Church- J^f^f. gthermfe. for want of fuch Example, 

Mufickiscome ,—. i t/;/»j J Jj. ^L T \i 

to Decay. Tis meanly Vallu a, and on It they ir ample : 

ft5» And by That Great Dcfeft, fo long unjought. 

Our Beft Church-Mufick's well-nigh brought to Nought. 

Beiides, 
An Eiiceiienc jvi? Robes Adom High Perfons, like to Tt, 
Grca™andDi- A^ Ornamcots^r Pure Y)Wmt$ more Fit. 
vine Perfons. That Councel givn by the Apojile Paul, 

T)oes certainly Extend toChrifiians AUk 

Ffpecially 




" ■ — — 

An Epiftle to the ^Dhine "Readers. 



EfpeciallytoYou, tpho Leaders are -j , 
y^nd therefore Judg'd to have the Greatef Gafe. 

Colloffians the 3d. the i6th. Verfe, 
( Turn to the Tlace 5 ) That Text mU Thm R^herfe^ 
( Viz. ) Let th' Word of Chrift dwell in you Plentioufly, 
C What Follows ? Mufick in Its Excellency ) 
Admoniniing youf^felves, (^ in Sweet Accherd ) 
In Singing Pfalms/Avith Gtaddunto the LORD. 
Sed fine Arte, That cannbt ks Mht^^ 
Et fine Arte, Better let atmp' . .. ., 

Tie Flint you to ait Emmefit Ejiampld^iin jUI •\ 
Who mas a Singer, Singularly 'Ample' ^' .,\ •. 
Though not a Prieft, yet Fea Prophet a^^Sf, 
And did All Priefts, and Prophets far ftrfdfs^ 
Jn This fame Art 5 and in It Sang fo Welly 
That Fe, The Singer Sweet of Ifrael, 

Was cali'd. 

Be was both Prophet, and Great King of Fame, 
O/High-Tranrcendent-Ads T) A V IT) l?f Name, 
A Man (Recorded) rf/tef* Gods own Heart 5 
And ( Scripture fays ) could Sing, and Play His P&rt 5 
Or elfe, 33:'/:;^if we^w Thole Inftruments, rphiehThofe 
* Four Thoufancli!/.r'JI,C iK Chronicles) He fii&o/e 
ToTraifethe Lor^with? Naty, Mnch more than That, 
He did^ /(7n>4)'<5^j That Great Work : Butivatye what^x ■■■ 
HemadeThoih\n^x\xn\ems-.i Tphichfldevps^ThatBe 
"Did more than Siightly 'Prize This Myfterie ; , 

And had much more than Ordinary S\iU : 
Nor was He Lazie in His Mind, or Will , 
i7e «?(«• Mechanick, Mufieus, ^^^s/Poet^ 
His Various Works in Scripture, Thinly- fk<m It^ 
He was not well Content wAeOne Thing : 
C 7%e Greateft Thing/^ jf ftjiij, i(? Ae ^. Kirig 5^^ 
Much lejs to be encios'd npitlkk aCe]],. 
'Mongji Piles of Books, which All Things TVOHldHiw tell., 
And Hk tell Them again^r)^:as if that He "• ,. 

Had Skjll and Knowledge^ in each Myfierik- 
Lip-Knoivledgewasto Himnio'Sati^a^ion^' 
But V'lgovous He always' m^ fir A^kionx;.' . 
HevpoHldbeeverUomg'fometkingj and\ • 
What e're opposd Him^ could nwHim whthOkmdi 
Who can Example better fm yon be ^ 'a .V,>.\- •, 
Than JHch a Man ?■ Tea fm>ha-Man as He .<?' 
WHO rvasBelovd of God -^ His Chofen One 3 
WRO fat upon an Everlafting Throne 5 
WHOSE Towr wasfuch, as He commanded All^ 
j^pth Princes, Priefts, and Levites at His Call , 
He Summon d Thofi together^ and They came 
Immediately, to ^Perform That fame. 



Chrifts Com- 
mand for the 
uie of Ic. 



A Moa Emi- 
pent Example 
in Mufick, 
worchy Imi- 
tation. 



■iChr. 



»35. 



The Greatcft 
Qnire mtb& 
World. 

«) 
King David's 
Extraordinary 
Skill, and A- 
ftivity in MU' 
fick. 



The Bert Ex- 
ample for 
GrcicPerfcns, 
andDivines,in 
the WorJd, as 
to This Thing. 



I Chro. 



iV 



Which 



An 8pi^le to the T>mne Readers. 

Which Hejljould Thent Command ^ and Streightpcaj They 
chap, 1 5. 7. C As yoH may read ) feUclofe to Sing, and Play, 
Ti// they tpere Cunning j that if ^ Skilftil; and 
AW <?»/y Chatter'd, /»;//<^7^Underftand 
The Myftery, ( without aU dottbt ) foweU^ 
Itoat None each Other Therein did Excel 5 
Verfe 8. f^^ y^ 'j'f,^f T^^f^ ^^„7 ^^^d. They Lots did Cafi, 

WhoJImdd he Firji, and whojljonld be the Laji : 
So Equal were They^ Learned in Their Skilly 
That Any mighty Another s 'Place well fill. 
Without Def ed:, or Blemifli ; which ( infuch 
* 188 ^Number as we Read of "^ There ) was much 

AndJIjows, a Wondrous 7)illigential Care 
Was had, to make That Service Choicely-Rare : 

Nor can This Service, which we now douje, 
C Jniiead of It ) be done without Abuje, 
Except filch hlints as I have given, may 
Trevail with You , not only fir to Say ; 
And Sit i and Hear ^ and Pay 5 and give Command, 
Jn That fame Thing you do not under ftand 5 
But that you enter your own Selves into It, 
Thaty That's the only way willfurely do It. 

^ow can a Mafier he a Right Commander,, 
When as Hefiands under fio great a Slander, 
AsJpnorance ^ -xtT^A :. 

Eow can He be a Judge <?/ Good, or III, 
When ( in That Thing ) "Defe&ive He's of S^ill ^ 
Or how can H^e tell, who Sings Right, or Wrong, 
Who in the Chorus, cannot joyn among .«* 

Whatfioalllfay ^ or fl^all Ifay no more ^ 
Imulf go on, Tm Brim- full. Running ore : 
But yet fie hold, hecaufe 1 judge ye wife j 
And few words nntofucht may wellfufijce* 
But Much-much more than This, I could 'Declare^ 
Tet fir feme Certain Reafons Tie forbear 3 
But lefs than This, I could not fay '-, becaufi, 
If faying lefs, Ifijould negleU Gods Caufi 5 
For 'tis His Caufe Alone, I plead fo firong forj 
And 'tis His Caufi-Compleated, that J long for : 
And 'tis True 'Doiirine certainly, ITreach' 
And 'tis That l^oUrine every Triefifi}ould Teach : 
Therefore I hope your Tardon Jfiiall have, 
for being Thus Boldj tie which I Humbly Crave. 



THE 



mm 



iiiiiiiiii 










PREFACE. 

Lthough I have Fronted my ^<?(74) with the 
1)ivt»e Tart 3 in which I have ^reached my 
Little Short Sermon, upon That Text of St. 
Taul, ( as you will find ) Relating to the Moji 
ExcellentTart, or Tiece of JU True Chrijiians 
Tublk'liService, to God Almighty ; the which 
I Hope I have done, to the SatisfaUionof All 
Rationally-Tious Chrifiians^ who do, and cannot but Account It 
Mofi Necejfary, to Serve Hintf, according to Hif Own Exhort x- 
tions^ Order^ or Appointment. Yet My ifi. and ChiefT)ejign^ 
In Writi?7g This Book^, was only to '7)ifcover the Occult My Series 
of the N/)f>Ie Lute, anH to fhow the Great fVorthinefs of That too 
much Negle&ed, and Ahujed Infirument ^ and my Good Will to 
All the True Lover f of /if 3 in making It Tlain and Eajie-^ ( as 
now It will certainly be found ) Giving the True Reafons, why 
It has been Formerly)^ a Very Hard JnUrument to Play Well upon 5 
And al(b why 'Hove, It is become fb Eajie^and Familiarly Tleafant: 
And I believe, that Whofievcr will h\xt Trouble Him fe If to Read 
Thofe Reafotis, whiclji he ftiall find, in the Firfi Chapter of the 2d. 
Tart of This Bookji iind Joyn his own Reafon, with the Reafina- 
btenefs of Thofe Reafons, will not be able to find the Leafi Reafon 
to ContradiU Thofe Reafons--^ But mufl: needs Conclude with Me; 
That the Lute is a very Ea(ie Infirument. 

' That is, AnyTerfon ( Toung or Old)f]allbe Able toTerform 
'■ fo Much, and fo 11 ell upon It, in fo Much, or fo L_ittle Tirae'-i 

* (towards a Full, and Satisfactory T)elight, andTUafure-^ Tea, 
^ifitwerehutonlytoTlayCommonToys, Gi^gs, or Tunes } asup- 
^ on Any Infirument whatever •■, yet, with This moU Notable, and 
' Admirable Exception, (for the unfpeakable Commendations of the 
'■Lute) that they may ( bcfides fuch Ordinary, and Common Con- 
' tentments ) Study, and Tra£fice It, all the T)ays oj Their Lives 5 
« and yet find New Improvements j yea doubt lefs , if They fljould 
« Itve ttnto the Age <?/ Methufalem, Ten times over'-^ for there is no 

* Limitation to its Vaji Bounds, and Bravery. 

'■ let for Common Tleafure, (fuch as mof Ayrey^ and Ingenious 

* Terfons Learn upon Infirument s for ) I do Really Affirm, There 

* is no Eafier Infirument in ufi, than is the Lute. 

I have (poken in That 2d. Tart to every T articular Thing, (fb 
far as I could R.emember ) concerning Its whole Trogrefs, from 

the 



CB 



No Limitati- 
on to the 
Bounds, and 
Bravery of ihe 
Lute. 



The ^Preface, 



Nothing o- 
mitttd con- 
cerning the 
viry Myftery 
of the Lute, 
citlier Prafti- 
ca', or Mecha- 
nical. 

Eminent con- 
firm'd-Telti- 
nionics, con- 
cerning the 
Eafinets of the 
Lute, 



Why thft Me- 
chanjciil Part 
is Publifh'd. 



No Injury to 
an Honeft 
Work-man. 



A Grc.it Lofs 
for want of 
the Know, 
ledge of It. 



the very Rndtmental Beginnings to the Figheji kni'wn TerfeBions 
ofltj and in fuch a Tlain, and FxaB Manner , that ]S.one can 
doubt of my Meaning, or of a J^ight Information concerning It 5 
Co that C Norv ) the Lovers of It can find no Greater Enemy to 
h^ and Themfelves, than faithkfnefs--) nor Greater Iriend, than 
Belief and Refolution to Attempt the Tryal of It, 

I have Prov'd This out, by leveral Totmg Ladies ^ and others, 
in London, during the Time of my Attending th& Trefs, fince I 
began to Trint , and Ttvo &f Thofe Tonng Ladies, before They had 
Learn d out their ly?. Month, ( which was bu t Tirefee Times to 
Their Month j were Co FuUy Satisfy d, ( by Their own Experi- 
mental Tryal) that Both of Them agi;eed in the very (ame Sayin^^ 
viz. ThiipThey did wonder, why any. Body Jl)OHld fay, the Lute was 
Hard. And Thefe Two Terfons were not at all Acquainted with 
each other, nor had either Seen, or Heard one another Play 3 
But both Play'd fo very well for fu^ch a Time, as much Rejoyced 
both Themfelves, and all Jhc'ir 'Barents, aad friends, beyond SU 
ExpeHation. 

This is a RealTrutk^.oi which l- pail y^j(?<^e divers Jfitnefes^ 
if need were. < ; - >' : -• \ ■ 

And as to the Mechanical Tart Thereof, ( about which I have 
taken up the Room of 2 Chapters, viz. the ^th. and 5?^. } I ap- 
prehend, that fome will think It Js!per/?«tf^ , and others, nThing 
too far below Them to undertake 5 which I grant maybe for 
very many; yet Belaw None to be able to kfww bow It fJjoHld bt 
done^ or wh&n Well, or 111 done ; fo that Thereby They may not be 
GuU'd, ovTheirln^rttment Injur dby Comelgnorant, Carelefs, or 
KniiviJhWork:f»ant, who too often Abufe both 7if,and the Owners^ 
which He dttrft not venture to do^ but that he prefumes They are 
v/holly Ignorant of Ejs Art. 

Befides, I have known many, Living in the Countrey, ( Re- 
mote from Good Work: men ) upon fome very Slight Mifchance 
happening to their Inflrument, ( for want of That Knowledge, 
which Here they may find ) quite Lay It by ^ and the Injirument,. 
for want of Timely Jjfjfiance, has grown Worfe andWorJe, (Ibme- 
times) to Its Vtter Ruine. 

Thefe are no Small Inconveniences. 

Befides, ( to fome fort of Ingenious , and AUive Terfons, 
(although oi Quality ) there is a Satisfa&ory Recreation, atten- 
ding luch Agitations. 

And whereas in my Fxprejftonsl am very Tlain, and T)own- 
right, and in my Teaching-Tart, feem to TautoUogize ; It would 
beConfider'd, (and whoever has been a 7eaf/6er, will Remem- 
ber ") that the Learners muft be Tlainly dealt with, and muft 
have Several Times Renewed unto Them the fame Thing ; which 
according to my Long, and Wonted Way of Teaching, I have found 
very Efe&ual-:, Therefore I have chofen fo to do infeveral Tla- 
ces '•) hec&uCe I had rather ( in fuch Cafes ) fpsak.^Words too Ma- 
ny, than one SiUabU too Tew. 



But 



The Treface, 



But if I had been only to have fpoke to Tkofe of Experience 
and to (how the Elegancy of my "tongne , I (hould have con- 
triv'd my "Difiourfe into another Shape -^ But in that I intend It 
chiefly for L^armrs^X conceive I have not (poke Much too Much : 
And whereas I may feem too Smart fit Satj/rical,\n ComeT articular 
T laces, concerning the Great j4hufe, and jhnfers ofMfife.'i^j 
I do not at all Repent me, as thinking what is (aid to (uch III de- 
ferving Terfonf, Much too Little. 

'Tis like I may be condemn'd by fbme^ for (peaking (b Confi- 
tlently, againft the General Sning of the Times, fo very much in 
Force, and EJiimation* 

The Truth is, I have confider'd i that if I (hould (ay Any Thin^ 
to the Turpofe , I cannot tell how to (ay otherwise , except t 
Ihould be a Time-Server ; to Cenni'be, T)i(fem[>le , Flatter , and 
Speaks agaiftji my oven Knowledge , dnd Confcience 5 in Joyning 
With what is Sleight, and Trivial, and for(aking that which is 
Solid, and Sttbjiantial--) which, (* I thanks God ) I have been too 
Long,znd. WeU Grounded in,to Renonnceymd to Turn me (novp) to 
Embrace Jingles, Toys, or Kickjtjatoes , which at This T^ay^ too 
Generally hear Sway, to the Great Prejudice , both of the Art^ 
and the Tnie Lovers of It. 

If This Apology will not (erve, to Excufe the Errafs'ln my 
£00^, of Tho(e Natures, 5 I mull: reft fatisfied, to undergd the 
Brunt of It. 

The Beft on t is, I need not Fear, any Judicious Majiers, or 
other Ingenious Knowing Solid Terfons, ((ome (uch, God be than- 
ked, we have (till Living ; ) and as for others, I am as Carekfs, as 
They can be Envious. 

And although Thefe InJiru&ions,Are chiefly intended for Lear^ 
fiers--, yet ( upon due Examination, it will be found) they may 
be of Good, and Necefary ufe, to (bme Toung, Raw, and Unex- 
perienced Teachers, who are often too Confident of their Owft 
Suppofed-Skjll, and Ways. 

' But the Chief Sum of the whole Work,if : That Tt JJidUjiand as The Sum, and 

* a Monument, or Remembrancer of the Very Bejl Terformances in ^j""^" ^^^\^ 

* Mufickj, (both TJivine, and Civil) which have been known in the EooL ^ ° ^'. 

* World -^ and ( as to the Civil Tart) Tra&izd by the Be^ 
' Majiers of Thefe laji $0 Tears ^ Better than Which, no Memory 
^ of Man, Record, or Author can be produced^ which can fay. That 
' Ever there was Any that could Equal It j nor certainly Any Ever 
^ likely to Exceed It. ...im. 

' But yet more efpecially, as to the T articular Benefit of Any "f;^ 

* Terfon making ufe of This Book, whether He be Skilful, or not 
' Skilful in the Art:, yet if He fjall employ a Teacher in His Fa- 
« mily, for His Children, or Others j Hefhall nicd, but fo turn to the 

* Contents, of whatfoever Bnfinefs may be in Hand'-y and by That, He 
*■ may be able to judge ( ExaUly ) of the Right, or Wrong T)ea- 

* ling offuch a Teacher ^ and may ( if He have any Jndiferent 
« Skill in Song ) Teach Himfelf without the Ajfifiance of any other 

* Teacher. 

b The 



The Preface, 



of Tiocuring 
[i.v,.n!iO!i, 
or Playing 
Voluntarily. 



Concerning 
the Langiuge 
of Mufick 



The Divinity 
of Muficlc. 



The Hi^ts and TjinUions which I have given, as towards the 
Procuring oF Invcntim^ or T laying Voluntarily, will be of no 
Small^ but Great Advantage, to any who are capable of fuch 
Observations, and will take Good Notice of the manner of Them, 
in Their Fxplanation-^the Way to which may be Plainly Perceiv.ed, 
in the whole Nnmher of LeJSons, quite through the Bwkz- ' ' ' ' ' 

And whereas I Treaty and Compare^ or Similize Mtiflck^ to 
Language^ would not have That thought a Tantacyfi'cYiU'ionzYox 
who(bever fhall Experiente It, as I have done, and confider It 
Rightly, nauft needs Conclude the fame Thing ^ there being no 
Tajfion in Man, but It will Excite, and Stir Mp, ( Efc^tially ) 
even as Language, or 1)ifcourfe Jt felf can do. This, very many 
Vfrill acknowledge with me. 

But whereas I Simjlize It to Tiivinity, &c;. I am riot unlenfibJe, 
but too-too many will T^jfce77t from me, in That ^Particular -, con- 
cerning 14 hie h, I (hall Conclude my Treface v/'nhTheJe following 
jRhimes, andon\yTh»^f/iHch/ay. ♦ ., 

Where in This Booh^, in certain 'Places^ I 
7)o mention Mufich^^ in Its My fiery 5 
And in Its Vaji Profundity, do tell 
Such Stories, as perchance vpon't Relijl) rpell. 
In th' Ears offome •-, To whom Ithus much fay , 

Let Them gQ Tra&ice well, to Sif7g aud ^layi 
And Stndy in the Art, as m%ich as 1 : 
Then, may They VnderfiandJts Myfiery, 

As I have done. 'Tis Foolifinefs in Mek, 

ToContradid, they know not what ; and when 

They'v done, 'Pretend Authority ^ becaufe 

Theyrfome ways Leant d : Therefore their Words are Laws 

They think^-i cr elfe would have Them fo , but I 

Tjo understand, that True Authority, 

Comes from True Knowledge, ^W Experience, 

7»That Same Thing, of Which It gives Its Sence, 

And by no other means. 
pJow can a Blind Man, Judge of Colours be, 
11 hichfljould be Jndgd, by Thofe, who Well can See ? 

plow can a T^eaf Man Judge of Seunds, by th' Ear^ 
Who, Thundring Cannons, cannot caufeto Elear i? 
Or how can He, who X^nderflanding Lacks, 
Jn th' Myifery, be Judge .•? although He Cracks 
Never fo much, of His Great Wit, and Parts ^ 

True Artijis They mufi be, who Judge of Arts. 
Therefore, 
Forbear to Judge, who e're you be, that Thus 
Jn your own Confcience, are Thus Confcious •• 
Let Things Alone, you do notZJnderJiandj 
Take Them on Truft, rather at th^ Second-Hand j 
'Tis far more Crditfo to do, than Vant 
OfSkilh and Knowledge, when your Ignorant. 

The 



The Preface, 



The Fool, ojientimes by Silence, Credit gains. 
And is thought Wife, whiin Wifelings for their Taint, ^ 
In Talking, (^ are kmven for Fools , yet They "^ " 

C Through Self-Conceit ) will fiill find what to fay^ 
Though little to the Tur^ofe'^ and their Talk^, 
Much like to Tarrots, vho Cry, Walk.Knave Walkij 

Though Nought they underjiand, as to the Sence 3 
Jet think.Themfelves the Birds ef Eloquence. 

PFirat Here I'^e faid, F'oefaid to None rbut Such, 
Whofe KnowleHge, is Beneath their Tongues, toQrM«ch, 



And if I've faid too much, they' I fay \ 

I'm Sorry not at allj 
For much ynore unto Such, I m^' .. 

And not be CriminalU 



.:. tl I 



?. 



■* i^l JUilt^.imlm 



the 



■ ^•■.\'5t f2"snK"i:,r:o,.* \^ 



The t Con- 
traries in Na- 
ture, 



flffffiffijlfllllflflll^ 

E PI ST L E 

THANKFULNESS, 

To all my 

3^0'BLe S U^ S C ^W E ^:^S • 

Hat 'DifersMeti, hut Heav'ti? Tfffpirwg Arts 
' JntojomeCzrtain%o\ikof'^oxxh.^Vaxx.^ 
And TmWritig themX^at leali^rvithjo much Love^ 
That Nothing fiemsfi Good, Theji'l'Trize, above 
Such Excellent Endowments 5 xchich theyjbow^ 
By Countenancing All Things^ that they k^ovp 
Are Irit^ and Worthy to be Known^ and Tri^'d-^ 
By True Ingenious Souls, and Exercisd. 

Loe^Her? ftch be 5 Each in This Nutfjberfi and, 
Jfho Freely lent, a Ready-Helping-Hand, 
To Raife This Work of Mine 5 tvhich othermfe 
Would Scarce 'been Able of It Self to Rife. 
Alas, Alas! Poor Arts ^ yea Artifts too'^ 
WcreH not for Such as Theje 5 what wouldyou do .■? 
I fay again, wert net for Such as Thefe, 

What could you do .<? Teu might go do your Eafe 5 

And when ye" d done, ye might go Beat your Brains 
Again •-, and have your Labour for your Tains 5 
This would be your Rev?ard--y ^»^ Nothing More, 
Which to a Manly-Man must needs feem Toor^ 

But Thanks to Heav'n, whofe Wifclom's-Ordring-Might, 
Not only made the T^arkpefs, but the Light. 

Thofe Two Contraries, which in Nature he. 
In JllCreatedThings, are Myi^ene, 

Good, could not (Troperly ) be faid to Be, 
Were not the 111, to caufe T)iverfltie ^ 
Nor could the 111, be faid to bear a Name, 
But for the Good, which Diff'renceth the Same. 

The Til in all Things, is of Ex lent ufe, 
Jf Men could ufe It Right, without Abufe 5 




An Epifile to the Subfcribers, 

The very toorfl of Evils, ( underfiood ) 

Was made (for certain ) to Set of the Good^ 

Thofe Heavy-Moulded-Saturnines, which d9 
'Dejpife all Liberal-Arts ^ yea hxi\{!lstoOy 
Are Pinch to be Regarded in their Tlaces, 
fvnli^e Black-Patches, in Fair-Ladies Faces , 
Which though They Bright, and Beautious were befire j 
Jet when Thofi Dulls appear^ They are much more 
Ffleemed Fair. • 

God 'twixt His Creatures, has V jft-Diff rence made^ 
Witnefs the Racey Courcer, and the Jade, 
7^e Towering-Faulcon, Lefsningin his Flight, 
The Buzzard-Dull, the Heavy-winged Kite, 
The Nightingale, with Her Sweet- Jugging-Note, 
The Scrcech-Owle, with His Diffnal-Frightful-TotCj 
The Fam'd Camelion, Living on the Air, 
The Cormorant, who no Good Things wiU Sparer 

And as the Creatures Thus do plainly Jldow^ 

This Contrariety which All Men know ^ 
So may the very Same be fien'mongSl Alenj 
Jet 'Diffi'renc'd Thus ^ thatfcarcely One in Terl 
Adheres unto True Worth, 
But You, 
Renowned Worthies, rcorthy <?/Renown, 
You are the Men, High Jupiter will own: 
And wert not for Thofe Vcxtwes you Retain, 
Within T<7«rNoble-Breafts, 7t were inVain^ 
For Artijis Thus tojirive, as I've done Here, 
( ForTMick^Good ) in making Art appear 
Delightful^ Lovely; Facile 5 Acceptable 
Vnto the Weaker Sort ; who are made Able 
Now, to Enjoy fuch Things, as formerly were Hard^ 
And They ( by that means ) utterly 7)ebarrd. 

Therejkre to You, and only Such as You 
Belongs all Real Praifes, as Your Due 5 
You are the Men I le Value^ Love, and Pnze^ 
And whom ( ij any ) I would Idolize. 

Butlejl Tjljould both You, and Heav'n Offend, 

( In Modejiy to Yours ) Fk make an End'-y 
Only 
MyJuft-Due-Debtl'lePay: My Thanks ' 

I give 
And Thus will own Your Favours whilH 

I Live. 



The 



The Sidbfcrihers 0\[ames, 



The Names of T)ivers HoMonrahlc, Reverend, Jiorfljipful, and very Wor- 
thy Peifons, who did Encourage towards the Printing e/This Book,- 
by Sithfcribing Their Names, Each One to take a Copy of the Same.at the 
Trice of 12 s. But It cannot be Exfe&ed, in the Jetting down ofThefe 
Names.that I jloould k.now I^ow to t lace everjCne accordingtoth^Right 
ofTrecedency-^nor (Jt may be) give every One His Tlue Title-^becaufe many 
( unknown to me ) fent in Their Names without any Titles Exprefrd-^ 
Therefore I hope None will take fence, that I ThusfetThem down Tro- 
mifcuoujly, as They hapned to come to my Bands, fromTheir own l^ and 
Writings ^ yet J have, (as near as J could) Set Such and Such of a County, 
&c. to (land together--, and Begin with the City of York Firjl 5 becaufe 
There, 1 Firji Tendred This Bujinefs to the Right Honourable 



■ft. 



John Lord Frefcheville Baron oj 
Scavely,and Governour of York. 

Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 






tlich. Sterne 
Sim. Sterne 
Lyon. Fanftiaw 
Sam. Brearey 






Tob. Wickham 

Ant. Wright 

Will. Loe 

Will. Ayfcough 

Madam Mary Harrifon. 

Sir Jo. Hevvley 

Jo. Brook 

Will. Brearey 

Walter Brearey 

Hen. Maifterman 

Tho. Jackfon 

Hen: Mace 

Eli. Micklethwaite 

Tim. Wallis 

Geo. Tiplin 

Tim. Welfit 

Kich. Tenant 

Tho. Prefton 

Jo. Englifti 

Tho.Hefletine 

Will. Stubs 

Theo. Browning 

Tho. Thompron_7«» 

Tho. Fairfax 

Ambr. Girdler 

Nath. Topham 

Rich. Profter 

Joh. Farrer 

Jo: Baines 



B.7). 

AM. 
M.B. 



Knight. 

LL.D 
Gent- 

Cler. 

Cler. 

Cler- 

Cler. 

Cler. 

Cler. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent 
Gent. 
Gent. 

Cler, 
Gent. 

Gent 






Sirjo. Reresby Baronet. 

Sir Tho. Yar brou gh Knight. 

Walter Laycock Gent. 

Sara. Savile Gent. 

Hen. Eyre M.D. 

Jo. Ixem Cler. 

Geo. Weftby Gent. 

Fra. Stanhope. Gent. 

Will. Sympfon M .'D. 

Robert Pierrepont ^fp 

Geo. Gregory Eff-i 

Tho. Charleton Efq-j 

Char. Hutchinfbn Efq-^ 

Sim . Every Efq-^ 

Will. Graves J.M. 

Chri. Hall Gent. 

Jer. Cud worth Gent. 

Ben. Richards Gent. 

JoH Clay Gent. 

Rich. Rippon Gent.. 



Sam. Brunlell 

Joh. Brunfell 

Will. Sucheverill 

Joh. Dand 

Madam Mary Sautiderfon 
..Si Will. Cartwright 
*? Joh. Burton 
I Sam.Leeke 
"f) Rich. Slater 
■;£ Hen. Watlbn 
;^ Will. Deancleer 

iWill. Levett 

Ste. Mafters 

Ijoh. Richardfon 

Jo. Holmes 

Hen. Smith 



2).Z>. 
Gent. 

Gent. 

Gent. 
Cler. 
Cler. 

M.7). 
Gent. 

Cler. 

Cler. 

Cler. 
Gent. 

Cler. 
Will: 



The Subfcribers 3\[ames, 



B 






.Will. Coodall Ckr 

Arthur Warren Gent\ 

Edw. Carver T/er. 

Phin. Mace • Ckr. 

Fra. Walfall Ckr. 

Will Norwich Ckr. 

rho: Cotchet Ffq-^ 

Tho: Morton ^^^ 

El lis Farnworth Ckr. 

Tir. Pet. Gunning Bijhop o/Ely. 
ZJr.JaFleetwood ^.(?/Chichefter 
T)r- I(a. Barrow Vtce-Chancell&Ty 

and Afr. <?/ Trin. Colledge. 
O.Mountague,,^,^^^^.^^^^ 
J. Mountague, J 

Sir Tho: Slater Baronet 

Sir Tho. Page ^ wz/^ <?/ Rs. Coll, 
Sir Jo: Rous Knight. 

Sir Hen: Hobert Knight 

'Z)r.ThoHo]beckMr.^/Eman: C. 
=Z?r.Ja: Dupor t Afr. o/Mag: Coll: 

T>r.Theop.DiIHnghamA/r.<7/Cl.H 
7)r R-Cudworth i\^r.o/Chr. Coll. 
=Z}r. Jo: Spencer ikfr. <>/Ben: Coll 
7}r.Fra. Turner Mr <7/J>. Johns C. 
Z)r . Rob: King Mr. ofTxm: Hall, 
Hen: James Mr. ofQu. Coil. £.7). 
Geo, Chamberlaine 2).Z). 

Ant: Marftiall 2).*2) 

Hen: More 7).7) 

Ra: Widdrington 2).2). 

Tho Watfon Z).2). 

Clem: Nevill StnioY of Trin. Col 

!Z).2). 

Z).Z). 

2).Z) 

25.©.. 

LL.T>, 
LL.T>. 

MfD. 
M.7). 
MZ). 



Hum: Babington 
Will Linnet 
Tho: Belk 
Geo: Bright 
Ja: Jackfon 
Jo. Boord 
Will: Fairbrother 
Ra:Flyer 
Jo: Goftlin 
Peirce Brakenbury 
Edm: Matthewes 
}a: Chamber'ainei 
Joh: Bougton 
Hum. Gower 
Fr: Roper 
JoC Johnfton 
Jo: Hawkins 
Mich. Belk 



B'-'D, 



B.T>. 
B.T>. 
£.7). 



Tho: Peel 

Geo: Griffith 

Tho: Fairmeado w 

Cha: Smithfon 

Will- Buckley 

Tho: Bainbrigg 

Tho: Gipps 

Tho: Boteler 

Jof: Ga(coigne 

Sam:Scattergood 

Ifa: Newton 

Jo. Batteley 

Jo: Wickins 

Jo: Goodwin 

Ric. Staunton 

Rob: Pafton. 

Will: Humble 

Maurice Kay 

Jo:Milner 

Hum: Skipwith 

Will Bowes 

Will. Sampfbn 

Nat. Coga 

Marm: Urlin 

Ric: Neech 

Fr: Grigg 

Rob: Peachey 

Ed: Duncon 

Tho: Browne 

Ric: Blyth 

Sam: Bale 

Ra: Earle 

Joh: Wodehoufel 

Ni: Bacon 

Joh: Alport 

O. Doyley nc? „ 

Arth: Fleetwood J 

Eze : Foxcroft k 

Tho: Palmer t 

Edw: Goodall ^ 

Matth: Rutton 

Nat: Vincent 

Sam: Blythe 

Ja: Lowde 

Rich: Hook? 

Joh: Seamier 

Joh. Love 

Ja: Hollis 

Sam: Heme 

Rich: Leach 



^Mrsof Art. 
{and fdlovpsx 



Mrs of Art, 
and Fellorvs. 



Mr's.J.^Fei 



Fellovp-Com- 
moners. 






L^ 



Mr't of Arty 
and Fellojpest 



t 



. and Fellows. ! 



FelloTXi'Ci^M , 



n/i 



mrs'A^m 



a. 



:fIoI 



AMfs A.&FeL 



yiMrsA.&Fel 



Will; 



The Subfcribers 3\C antes. 



WUhBucWey 
Sim: Bagge 
Cha: Altton 
Qeo; Whichcot 
Ja: Goodwin 
JoHMaryon 
Luke Bagwith 
Tho: Houghton 
Job: Spencer 
Edm: VValthew 
Jo: Eachard 
Jo: Spurring 
Jo: Pern 
Jo: Glover 
BarlowWickham 
Robert Eade 
Jo: Hughes 
Geo: Oxinden 
Tho:Fairmeadow 
Char: Sraithlbri 



i-i 

« 

u 

■5 iTho: Burlz; 
D Robert Drake 
g iRobert Wilfon 
, Tho: Tudway 
Fr^5Cri(pe ^ 




HerbertAttiley DeanofNorfD.Tf. 



LL.B- 

Gent- 

Mr.inMufick» 

Mr> inMuJtck: 

Mr. JnMufick: 



Dan: Price , 
Jo: Brookbank 
Jo: Tuthill 
JoC Oldroyd 



Will: Herbert 
Job: Hobert 
Will: Crabe 
Ow: Hughes 
Tho: Tenifon 
Cha: Robotham 
Will: Adamfon 
Jo: Connould 
Hen: Mazey 
Jo: Paris 
Gawen Nafh 
W: Rawlcy 



c 
c 

I 

C 



T>fD. 

Efqi 

MfD, 

LIJD. 

BXD. 

B.V. 

Cler. 
AM. 

Ckr. 
AM. 

Cler. 
Gent. 



Joh: Hayward School ■ntajier. 
Tho: Pleafants Orgrfwz/?. 

Sam: Cook Gent. 

Sam: Rix A. B. 

Rich: Webfter Ckr. 

Fra: Price Gent. 

Fra: Emperour Gent. 

Will: Ferrer Gent* 

Nath: Burrel of Sudbury Cler. 



Hen: Bell y««' 
Hen: Hoogan 
Jo: Putuertoft 
Joh: Gary 



Gent 

M.Ty 

Gent' 
Gent' 



(J iNich: Stratford IVarden 



joh: Cxfar > Batehelors in A\u^ 
Jo: Galurd 



G 

« 

U 

g 

« 

U 

-^ 

. ^. 
_C 

u: 

V 



WihUrafrevile 
Tho: Felftead 
Will: Afhton J 



Ja: Roblon 

Ifa: Wadington 

Tho: Flack 

Mrs. Eliz. HeathiA 

Mrs. Sarah Lilly " 



Gent 
Gent. 
Gent 



Gent. 
Gent 






Joh:Robron ' ' 

Rich:VVinde 

Char: Studeville 

Captain Roger Thornton EJ^; 

Joh: Badcock Gent 

Tho: Archer Cler 



Rich: Lee 
jo: Browne 
Hen: Beacher 
Tho: Salmon 



-c 
C 



O 



Fra: Mofely 7 Fel- 
Mich: Adams Uorv. 



Sir Robert Belles 
Math: Barraford 
Ja: Spencer 



1 



Fra: Standifh 
Joh: Workman 
Will: Forfter 
Rich; Carier 
Jo: Wyldbore 



2).©. 
A.M. 
A.M. 
Baronet. 
AM. 
A.M. 

Cler. 

Cler. 



Ch 



er. 



'Dr. Hen: Bridgeman , BiJJiop of 

the JJle of Mzn. 
Sr Will: Langham Knight. 

Sir Sam: Morland Baronet. 

8im: Patrick 2).Z). 

Jo: Gardiner 2).2). 

LukeRidgeley M-T). 

Peter Barwick M.T). 

Edw: Duke M.T). 

2)r. Chamberlaine >«' MT). 

Robert 



The Subfcribers 3\[ames. 



Peter Vinke ^.2). 

Robert TatnalJ J.M. 

Eze: Lampen Gent. 

Hum: Dove Gent. 

Hen: Dove Gent. 

Ja: Chafe Gent. 

Ja: Hart of the Royal Chap. Gent. 
Bryan Fairfax Eff-y 

Geo: Evelyn EJq--^ 

Madam Ann Monteth 
Jer: Forcer Mr. in Mujlc^ 
Jofias Chorley AM 

Tho: Clebourne Gent. 

Bafil Hill Chymrgion. 

Ja: White Organmaker. 

Sam: Bifhop,^?/^ Finch ingfeiid Ckr. 
Jo: Bourn, eifWiltfliire (T/en 



c 
o 
-o 
a 
o 
_) 



Lawr: Fogge, <?/Chefter B.T). 
Tho: Clark of Chefter Ckr. 

Jo: Nicolfon, g/ Durham M.T). 






o: Orleber 
Tho Serjeant 
Tho: Brandon 
Char: Blount 
Jo: Sturt 



Juftin Paget 
Will: Drake 
Rich: Hacker 



Efq-, 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 
Gent. 

Gent. 
Gent. 



Sir Rich: Stote K^- df Serj. at Laro 
Will: Lodge Gent. 

Fra: Bowes Gent. 

Will: Jenifon Gent . 

■^ Will: Faithorne,^r 3 Books.Geni. 

Hum: Salt, the Trinter-Compofer of This Book; 

Thefe are All the Names which have been Hitherto (ent me In, from 
Sundry Friends, ( My Self having Vifited very Few., of the whole Num- 
ber 3 ) Therefore I hope I (hall not be Blam'd, for not Publifhing the 
Names of !Z}iz/erj-,(who I doubt not but have already SuLfcril?ed--)hm(^as yet) 
not come to myHandsJthe Work^not admitting any LongerTlelay. Yet I 
have left This Next Tage Blank,, on Purpofe, for the Names of ^// Such 
Terfons., as may happly be fent 7«, before the whole Imprejfion be Quite 
put flif : And it (b, I do intend ( God willing ) to have Them fet down in 
That Tage., in Thoje Books which ftiall Then Remain nn-put off 



I 



Having This Litde Room to Spare,I thought It convenient to infert Thus 
much, by way of Anfwer to fome, who feem to diflike my way of 
Rhimino. 

o 

iJear., fome y^re, who do pretend to Spie 

Faults in my Rhimes.^ but give no Reafon why. 
The Rhimes are Terfe& •■, All True-Numb er'd-Feet5 
Run Glib, and Smooth , and in True Accent meet-^ 
What Jfiould They more .-? J'/e tell Them : There's Good Store 
0/Sence, and Reafon too 5 which They, Alas ! 
Regard not much ; But let That Sleight ly pafi j 
That's not the Thing They Look, for '., yet JJiould be : 
And is The Chief Wife Folks deflre to Jee. 

If That be wanting Here ; Then let Them Shame Me : 

If Otherwife ^ Then let Them Ceafe to Blame Me. 
Tet for Their Further Anfwer, let Them know, 
"Tis for my Recreation, Thus I do'-. 
And for my T leaf ire, why IThus jometimes 
jLink,Sence, and Reafon In, with Mufick-Rhimes ; 
C Tea, Solid Matter too. ) Let This Suffice 
To Anfwer Thofe, who are fo very PFiJe. 

d 



A Short Epiftle totbe1{E JI> E'R ,con- 

cerning the Authors feveral ^eafom 

for Writing This !B 00/^. 



ifi. 




i Ook^fir no Spkndid-Tainted-Outjide Here j 
But fir a Pf^or^, devotedly Sincere ■) 
AThingLowTri% d^inThefe toohigh-p,orvtfDays--) 
Such Solid, Sober Works get Little 'Fraijej 
Tetfime there be, 

Leve True Solidity, *^' 

Jnduttto Such Brave Noble Souls I IVrite, 
In Bopes to do both Them, andMudck Right. 
I Write It not to pleafe the Itching Vain 
Of Idle-Headed FaJJ}ioniJis, or Gain 
Their Fond Jpplaufe j 
I Care for no Such Noifi. , 

/ Wfite It Only for the Sober Sort, id^ 

Who love Right Mufick, and will Labour fort .- 

jind who will Value Worth in Ar t, though Old, '^ The Uca- 

And net Affrighted tcith the Good, though told ?y"to put in"* 

'7/j out ofFafiion, what mrd he 

• By^ of the Nation: t^K^^ 

I Write It aljo, for to Vindicate • ^"4"; 

The * Glory f Inftruments, now out of 'Date, * The Lute. 

And out of Fa(hion Grown, ( as Many Tell ) 
^Tis doubtful (^fure ) that All Things are not Wellj 
When Beji Things are 
Moji Sleight ed, though mofl Rare. 
I Write It li^ewiJe^forThat Fervent Love 5^^; 

I Bear unto the Lute, which far Above 
MoJi Inftruments I Prize 5 This cannot be 
A Fault 5 For All Men have Liberty, 
To Like, and Love, 
what They do Moji Approve, 
I Write Tt alfo, out ofGraat Good Will '^'t^- 

ZJnto my Conntrey-men 'y and Leave my Skill 
Behind me, for the Sak^s of Thofe, that may 
Not yet be Born'-, But in fame After-day 

May make Good ZJfe ^ 

Of It, without Abufe. 
But Chiefly, I do Write It, for toftiow ^th 

AT)uty to my Maker, which I Owe ^ 
And I no Better Way know how to do. 
Than Thus, tojirive to make One Tallent Two J 
If Thus too Blame, 
Tie Humbly Bear my Shame. 

A N 



A N 

ADVERTI SEMENT, 

iLicenfeDR. Concerning the Value and 

L'Eftrange , - 
May 5.1675 



LEft-se, Price of the B O O K. 




Reader, 

' OV may Jee, by This Worthy Perfbn, ( the Li- 
cenfir) who is an ^mm^m^ 4;?6^ Skilful Critick 
in This Noble Art ) and by Thofe Honourable, 
Learned, attd Worthy Perfons (my Subfcribers) 
before mentioned , what Fair Eticojiragement I 
_ _ _ have had to TttbliJI) This Tiece j ( the which has 
been treely ixpofed to the View, and Examination of many of 
Them--, ) However^ I muji not exfeUhcan^PleafeyJU'-) But if It 
Tleafe the Judicious, Wife, and Sober Sort, IJJjal/ have what I 
loot{^for. 

And as to the 'Trice : 
Take Notice , That although It has been Hitherto Siibfcri- 
bed but at 12 s. in Sheets , by JU Thofe Honoured PerlonSj 
Tet in regard of My VnexpiUed Gnat Charge ,* befides My 
ZJnconceivable Care and Tains ^ to have It Compleatly done:, 
It cannot well be Afforded at That Trice^to return Me any Toller able, 
or Reafonable Requital. 

However^ out of a High Refpc^ to All the True Lovers of the Art;, 
and more efpecially to 'Divers, ( and I believe very many ) who 
would willingly have /»ee« Subfcribers, C together with Thofe above' 
faid ) had they kpown of Jt^ or could have h-ad opportunity 
of So "Doing 5 I do ( I fay for Their fakes ) Declare^That whofoc 
ver fl) all Tur chafe This Book^wi thin the ifi "2, Months, v'li. before 
the loth. day <>/ Augufl, in This Trefent Tear \6j6.fljall be looked 
upon as a Subfcriber, and JJjall only pay for It, the SubfcriptionTrice, 
viz. (in Sheets) 1 2 s. Bttt after That day is paji, the Trice is inten- 
ded to be Raifed'-) There being not Many of Them Trinted. 

I Jloall only Add Thus much, ( as being bold to fay ^ That there 
are feveral Tages '-, yea fever al Lejfons in This Bookj ( according to 
the Ordinary Value, Ffieem, or Way of Trocuring fuch Things') 
which are every one of Them of more Value than the Trice of the 

whole Book,, h ^^^' 

And for the peculiar Credit of my Trinter, (upon the Compara- 
tive Examination of the Well-doing of This Work^, in reference to 
his Vndertakjn^,) ft will be found that He has Out-done all Mufich;^ 
work. ^^ ^^'-f ki>id. Ever before Trinted in this Nation'^ And is the 
only jit Terfon to do the like : He only havi?tg thofe New Materials^ 
the like to which we never had made before in England-. 

Concerning 







Concerning the 

Church-Pfalms, 

In reference to the 

POETRY; 

Compofing and Singing of them. 
S)i TPay of Preparation. 




Chap. L 

^L L things in the churchy and in its Service,^No\Ad 
be lb contriv'd and order'd, that the Common- 
Voor-Ignorant'Teopk might be fb much capable 
as 'tis poffible of Apprehending, Dilcerning or 
Underftanding ; (b, as they might nnite their 
Voices^ Hearts and AffeUions together with the 
Congregation^ and the Service. The which can- 
not more hopefully be effefted, or brought to pa(s, than by ma- 
king all things in the Service plain and eajie to their Capacities. 

Now as lo Mufick^^ 'tis known and obferved by Experience, The benefis 
that short-fqtiare-even and uniform- Ayr es are both Pleafant, and °^'?°" l"^,. 
readily Apprehended and Learned by moft. 

And as there are Hkewife a great number, who are but indiffe- 
rently inclined by Nature to Singings who notwithftanding, if 
they were confidered after this manner, together with what I (hall 
further make mention of, would make a very good Affiftance 
in the Ch-^^^ which otherwilc are utterly debarr'd, and made 
tmcapabl;^" 

There are two things very confiderable as to this Preparation 
of good Singing in Churches. 

Firft, the Voetry. Secondly, the Composition o^Muficl^ . For pfaims 

The Poetry would be, i. Even and uniform^ as to the number oj'poe^jjbdi, 
of Feet in each staff. 

sly. Every «4j^' of the fame P/^Z/s? would correfpond with the 

B firft 



Tarochiaf/ Adufick^. 



There would 
not He too 
great a varie- 



The Poet and 
theCcmpofer 
to be of the 
fame under- 
Aanding. 



Many v{ our 
eld Pfalm 
Tunes excel- 
lent. 



The. benefit 
of tetaining 
(hem. 

Concerning 
the Compo- 
ser, anti his 
Obfervations 
jaCompofing. 



firft Staffs in the (ame order of Feef 5 otherwife the fame Inns 
which Hts the firft Stxff, will not lerve the whole vfilm. 

Again, Cas to the whole number o^rfalms) there would not be 
too great a variety o^ Poetical forms ox pafes in i\\Q Staves : Be- 
caufe that then a fewer number of Ttwes might ferve for the 
whole 5 fb that if the Book^ of Vfalms were compoftd by an Ex- 
cellent Poet, and as Excellent a Afttfician, into a matter of 8, 10, or 
12 Varieties, and tho(e /^^ri^/iej- evef/^fmooth, Jfjort, and uaiferm 
to themfelves^ it might be enough, and doubtless conduce very 
much to the drawing in of a Congregational-good-^tire. 

But if the Poetry be too various and intricate, as I will inftance 
in that Excellent Piece of Mr. or Dr. Woodford's, ( which I have 
lately (een) in which there is fcarcely two of the whole number 
of his Pfalms which are of the fame order or quantity o^Feet quite 
through his whole Book^, andleveral of them un uniform to them- 
felvcs, t»z.. not one staff' like another of the felf-(ame pfahn, 
I fay, that although it be an Excellent Piece, for a Poet to look up- 
on, yet it is not a fit piece to be compofed for the ufe of a Cow 
gregational ^tire, for thofe Reafbns aforefaid. There being work 
more than enough, for a mod excellent Mu/ician during his whole 
life, to corapofe proper andJitAyres to thofc pfalms, but never to 
have them Sung by any Country or City Congregation. 

For thofe Ayres which are intricate and Hn-ttniform (the which 
I call unnatural, as thofe muft needs be) are difficult to be Sung, 
efpecially by thofe who have no skill' 

The Poet therefore and the Compojer ought both to be fb much 
of the fame Underftanding in each Art, that thefe, or fuch like 
Obfervations might guide them both. And doubtlefs he is to be 
look'd upon as the mofl exqui^te Poet, who is thus able to com- 
mand his Fancy. 

The Common Rhimes and Phrafes in our Pfalms are many of 
them very abfurd znd ridiculous, and it is to be wifhed that they 
might be amended. But many of our old Pfalm Tunes are f() e.v- 
celiently good, that I will be bold to (ay, Art cannot mettd them or 
make better. 

I conceive it might be very well worth a Confidcrative Poet's 
undertaking, to fuit fbme of thofe Pfalms which need amend- 
ment, to Ibme of thofe our old good Tunes ; becaufe thofe Tunes 
-are already apprehended and learned by moftofthe Common Peo- 
ple. Therefore they will the more readily embrace a nero Altera- 
tion, when as they find they are not too much ptizzled with No- 
z'elty,hut can bring them with eafe into their oldTunes. 

As for the Compo(ition, making, or inventing Titn^f for the 
Church-Pfalms, it would, Firft, be done by a Chief Mujkian, accor- 
ding to the Example of the Prophet King David. 

Secondly, the Mufician (hould obferve to caft all fuch Pfalms 
as are concerning Humiliation, Confejfion, Supplication, Lamenta- 
tion or Sorrow, &c. into a flat, folemn^ mournful Key s and on 
the contrary, all fuch as are concerning Rejoycing, Praifing ofGody 
giving T^av^t ox extolling his wondrous works or goodnefs, &c. 

into 



Parochial! Mufc^ } 

into afjarp, jprightly, hrisk^Kejj contriving for both as rauCh 
Majejly and statelinefs as can be found out in the Art, which 
abounds with plenty , obferving the natttre of the words, Co as to 
fuit them with the^^f^^e Ukenefsdt' conceit or humour from his Art. 
There being a very great affinity^ nearnefs, natural fiefs otfatmnefs The great af- 
betwixt Language and Mufick,, although not known to many. LaSuSe'Sd 
And it is a bemoarable pity to confider how few there are wh6 ^ufick too 
know, but fewer who confider, what jvonderful-powerful-ejjicacious ^^^]^ "^8- 
Firtues and Operations Mujick^has upon the Souls and spirits of known t'° 
Men Divinely-bent. And to publifti here What I am able to (ay ry few. 
in this particular, according to a daily experience which ( I thank 
God) I have of it, will be look'duponas apiece of r^wzf^, there- 
fore (as to that) I (hall be filent, and fo proceed to my intended 
purpofe of giving Diredions for thebeftway oi Singing? films 
in Parochial Churches:, concerning which there arc two ways 
which I have prompted unto, fo that either may be followed to 
very good purpo(e, but both together put into Praftice will be 
iaoii magnificent, and is as followeth. 



toTe» 



Ghap. II. 

tonceriiing Parochial Mitfick^j viz. Singing of 
¥ faints in Churches. 

I Shall not need to blazon it abroad in Print, how miferably the 
Vrophet David's T films are (as I may fay) torturd or tormented, 
ind the Service of God difionoured, made courfe, or ridiculous 
thereby j (eeing the gcnerall outcries of mod: Parochial Churches irl 
the Nation are more than (ufficient to declare and make mani- 
feft the fame, fo often as they make any attempt to fing at thofe 
Vfilms. 

Therefore I will (ay no more to that particular, noir rubb that 
fire place. Only thus much I will prelume to (ay, viz. That ((ure) 
it were far better never to fing at all in Churches^ or in Gods Ser- 
vice, than to (ing out of Tune : that is, not in Harmonic al Conchord 
er Agreement. 

For as I often u(e to (ay, that as Conchordi'ng unity in Adujic^ is The fignifica- 
a lively and very rigniUcant fimile of God, and Heavenly joyes and choTdiiai' 
felicities, Co on the contrary. Jarring Difcords are as apt a (imile of Difchords iii 
the Devil, or HeUifi tortures. '*^"^^*^'^- 

This obfervation is clear enough to all who underftand thofe 
Admirable-Divine-MySferies,'wh.idh\ieconch't'in Mu(icl{^, zvidThis 
(too much negleded) part thereof ( Singing. ) 

Certainly the firft Infiitution oC Singing oC Divine Hymns and 
vfilms in churches was, both to il/ujirate and adorn the Service, 
and likewi(e to be as a means or an occafion of help towards the 
raifing of our AffeHions and Devotions, toi praife and extoll God's 
Holy Name. B 2 Tii 



Varochiall M.ufic\, 



How Chrift's 
Church '<'■■ I 
exlicrvca to 
Sing with a 
Grace, and to 
make melody. 



The Explana- 
tion of St^ 

Pditl'i words. 



The Rcafon 
"hy Chrift 
and Jr. Pa>.l 
gave this e;>r- 
neft Inftrudi- 
en. 



Tis very well worth noting how St. Paul inftrutted the Ephe- 
Jiaftf, chap. 5- verf i8,& 19. Thus. Be fulfilled with the Spirit^ 
(peeking to your felves in Pfalms and Uymns^ and (piritnal Sorrgs j 
jiffgifig and staking melody to the Lord in yottr hearts ^^c, 

^o likev/ife doth he exhort the Colojfians^ chap. 3. verf 16. in 
thefe woi ds: Let the word of Chrift dwell in you plenteoufly 
in all X'^'tfedom, teaching and admonijlnng your own felves in Pfalms 
attdH'fnns^ and Jpiritual Songs, ftnging with a Grace in your hearts 
to t/:e Lord. 

This was (we maj fee) the undoubted pra&ice and endeavour of 
ChriB's church in His, and the ApoUles time, not only to Sing, but 
to Sing with a Grace and making melody. The which two things 
are not poffibly to be done, without (bme skill, and finging in 
Tune. 

And that {vi%. Singing in Tune) I do confidently affirm can 
never he done, except there be fome other way found out than 
that which at the prefentis generally in practice in our Churches 5 
the which I (hall by and by demonftratc and make very plain, by 
undeniable Arguments. 

But firft I defire that Thofe foregoing Admonitions of St. Paul 
might be a little better taken notice of than generally they are. 

And becaufe I am as much a Divine ( I mean a Prieli, and Son 
of the Church ) as a Mafier in Mufick^ : I will take the liberty to 
give my Explanation of thofe words of St. Paul, yet humbly fub- 
mitting to better Judgments. 

St. Paul (peaks to the Colojfians thus: Let the word of Chrift 
dwell in you plenteoufly in all wifedom, teaching and admonifti- 
ing your own (elves inP(alms and Hymns, and (piritualSongs,e^c. 
which to me (eems as much as if he (hould have faid. Let that 
word which Chriji formerly jpak^ unto you about (uch things dwell 
in you, or be remembred by you, 8f c. 

Whence I do inferr thus much, viz. that it was Chrijls own in' 
Jiru&ion, direi^ion, advice, or command formerly given unto them, 
to teach and admonifo one another in that very exerci(e o£ singing 
of Pfalms, &c. otherwi(e what can be meant by that faying of 
St. Paul's, Let the words of Chrift dwell in you, but that Chrift 
had taught and admonifhed them before concerning it, and (b 
that by their diligence and careful praBice therein ( which was a 
piece of wifedom in them (b to do, in regard they had been for- 
merly (b admonifhed by Chrift ) they might thereby be enabled 
fo to Sing, as it might be both graceful, and melodious. 

For ^vithout all qucfHon Chriji (^who was the wifedom of his 
Father^ was not ignorant of the leattjecret or myfferie in any 
Art what(bevcr, nor of any thing that might conduce to the Be- 
nefit or Compleating of any Performance in reference to any un- 
dertaking. Chrift knew the difficulty of that fervice of Singing 
(b very well, that ( I am (ubjeft to believe ) therefore it was that 
he had formerly by his own word admonifhed them to that Duty 
of pradifng and teaching one another: And therefore likewifc 
was it, that St. Paul thus was to re-mind them of it, their Duty ; 

welJ 



Varochia// Aiulkk-. 5 

well knowing how very medfiill (uch a piece of praUice was to 

the right performing oiibfolemn and Saint-like a Duty^ in that it 

was as a Sacrifice done unto Cod. And how fubje6t men are to 

do \t tamely ox ill-favour dly without sk^ll^care>, ox praUice^\% too 

nianifeft by the general ignorance in thai quality of Singing., which 

may be perceived in moft, who chiefly (hould, or ought to have 

Co much skill in it, as both to perform in it themfelves^ and al(& to 

teach and admonijh thole who are weak or ignorant, according 

to that Exhortation of the ApoUle in thofe laft quoted places. By 

which Exhortation it plainly appears, that singing ofPfalms is not singing of 

a Duty of fo flight or negligent regard^ as all thofle who do not en- ^f^'™s no 

able themfelves to have ^/);?* jj^^Z', leem to believe it is, otherwile iigent°bufi5'' 

(lure) they would not be (b idle.^ carelefs or negligent^ to make nefs,as too 

ib flight of//, as not to endeavour for fo much skill ( at leaft) as °'^'*'" " '^''°' 

to be able to fet or lead a Ff aim-Tune by the Rule oi Art^ which a 

C^i/fii may be taught to do in a months time or lefs. 

And thofle who have not that faculty., rtor do endeavour lb far 
as in them lies to obtain 7/, fhall never make me believe that they 
have the roord of Chrifl dwelling in them plenteonfly., &c. let them 
talk never (b fairly and well. 

Yet I will not deny but Ibme there are who by Nature are ab- who are to 
fblutely uncapahle of Singing any Tune Harmonically ir^rnkJ" 

Such, I fay, after they have endeavour d all they can., and find 
that impoffihility of attaining it, are juftly excufkble. 

Provided they ftill encourage and promote it in others. But cer- 
tainly ^Z^ C^ri/?Z4»/ who are in Nature capable of it., and do neg- whoarecuU 
/e^ it^ are culpaile before God. pabic 

Now by what I have here (aid it cannot but appear, that sing- 
ing ofPfalms is both a Chrijiian mans Duty, and ought to be his 
great care to do it vpell, and no ways flrghtly or negligently. 

But becaule ^AifDa/)' is generally negledcd in moft P^rafAzW 
C^mgregations in the Nation., and that they are allb at a lofls how to 
have it well performed, ( and I do confidently affirm that 'tis ab- impoffibie to 
folutely impojflible ever to have the Pflalms rightly and well per- have the 
formed according to the common way ufed throughout the Na- ^^^'^y ^^""j" 
tion) I will ( here following ) firft givemy Reafons why I thus Sung, but by 
conclude, as alfo propofe an abflolute-certain and infallible wayMovf ^°^^°^t% 

1 1 1) J ■ t t r- I •' -^ means thafl 

to have them weU and rightly performed. formerly. 



C H A P^. III. 

A Nd as concerning this matter, I will not deliver my Opinion^ « 

•*^ but my praUical Experience., Knowledge and Judgment., both 
according to the rules of Reaflon, and above 50 years experience 
and pra^ice in this Art of Singing. And thus I proceed. 

Firft, It is to be noted what a general defeSl, or infuffciency ^ote how 

,1 . . „ ^ ^r Li ■ j» . 1 X -''i 1 hard It IS to 

there is in Nature, oblervable in all Voices whatever ; (o that let sing ia Tunc 

the 



6 



Varochiall Mn/icJ^ 



Proved by the 
rule ot Reafon 
and Expcri* 
CDcc in the 
Art. 



a5» 



The confc- 
quence, pro- 
ving the ne- 
ceflTityoffome 
aflTiAance. 



Note iuft here 
what yoa are 
to do. 



The certain 
way how co 
Sirg Pfalms 
well and in 
Tunc accor- 
ding to the 
beft Advice. 



«3* 



the moft airiom^ tra^ahleji, and heji dccomplijlj'd Voice, ad^oyned 
to the moft exa^ Ear, both which uniting in one perfbn, together 
with the moft perfe£i and profound sl^iU'm. the JrtofMificf{^ that 
can be imagined 5 thisperfon (Ifty) ftiaIInotaflurehim(clf to 
be able tc Sing any one Song (although never (b Mlpra&isdin 
it) of the length of one of our ordmary Church-Pfalms, but 
that he ihall be prov'd to have Sung dnt of Tune, before he hath 
finiftied that Song> 

This is a real truth, which I doubt not but all experienced Ma- 
Jiers in the Art will affirm with me 5 Experience having all along 
confirmed this thing, ( viz. ) that no Voice has ever been found able 
(certainly) tofingjieadily and perfe&ly in Tiine,and to continue it 
long, Tpithout the ajjiSiance of fomelnjirufnent, but that it mould ei- 
ther Rife or f all fome fmall matter from thefirfi pitch it began at be" 
fore it had made an end. 

Yet I will not (ay that it is (b impofEble but that by chance it 
may be done, but not certainly. 

Nor need any one fear to lay a good wager againft the moft con- 
fident Attempter of (uch an undertaking; e(pecially when the Key 
(hall be given him fvom another perjhn, as always the P(alm-Tuncs 
are (in Churches) given by the cUrks. 

Now what I would inferr from hence, iis this, viz. That if fuch 
an abfolute Voice as I have made mention of, (hall be thus uncer- 
tain of Singing in Tune, &c. what (hall the unskjlfuU-inhafmoni^ 
OKs-CGurfe-grain d-harfii-Voice be able to do \vithout fbme certain 
help orfupport ? moft apparent it is, that it muft needs Sing mife- 
rably out oftuue, and all others who venture at it thus confoledly, 
without regard, skill, or any other help befides their own igno- 
rance, &c. And this is the general condition of moft of our ?aro- 
chial Quires. And certainly God Almighty can takie no delight or 
pleajure in (uch halt, lame and blind Sacrifices. 

Therefore I (ay, and advifi, that if you will Sing P(alms in 
Churches, sing in Tune. 

But now you will (ay. That's impojjible by your own Argu- 
ments. I fay (b ftill. Why, what will you have us to do > youl 
lay. Still I (ay, Either Sing in tune, or Sing not at all. Why then 
you'l (ay,'Sure we muft not Sing at all. I Cay not fo, but yet I (ay 
Sing, for Chrift has Bid you Sing, and Sing in Tune too, or with a. 
Grace, which can never be without it, viz. Singing in Tune. How 
can that be ? why now Tie tell you how, viz.. 

If you will Sing nvell and in tune, the firft thing you are to do 
is to take the advice of St. Faul, which is to teach and admonifij 
one another, as before he has direfted you unto, in ffalms and 
Hymns, and ^iritual Songs, &c. This is his advice and ceunfel 5 
and if it be worth any thing take notice of it : but if you think it 
be not worth noting, continue ftill in your ignorance, but yet (peak 
plainly and out-right what you think, viz. thai St. Paul's counfel 
if not worth a Rujh, and that you care not a pin for it : Plain 
dealing's a Jewel you know 5 and this would be far better (b to 
fay, and make an end of the bufinefs and trouble, than to guggle 

and 



^arochiatl Adufick,. 



and gull^ or ^ooth up your felves in a fal(e fhew. Hypocritically 
leeming to approve of his counfel, in doing of (bme /light things 
fctirvily-, which pleafe your own lazie bumoHrs^ and are things of 
little labour and fm all coji : But where you Cdnfwallovp fitch goh- 
kts, (I mean, as to fave both your pains, and yoxxx purfe ) let 
St. Patd go whiiile with his pjalms, and give his counlcl to ihofe 
who have nothing elfe tp do. 

The(e, or fuch like clofe-btrking-fayings. Arguments or Thinkings 
muft needs be {uppo(ed to be the refukof liichftrange and grofis 
negligence, which \s generally found, and too apparent ill raoftp^- 
rijl) Congregations. 

But now methinks I hear (bmeof the rtioft ingenuouf and pious 
of you (ay, Alas, how is it poffible that wefinould teach and ad- 
monijl) one another according to St. ?aul'% direUions and advice ? 
(ince none of us have any ^the leaftj skill in the Art of singing, 
nor was it ever put to us 5 and fb are utterly deftitute of nU hopes 
o^GVtvziizmmgio that ability. 

Truly this is a very fad complaint, and much to be lamented* 
And the firft thing I fhail (ay unto it is this, viz. The morejhamc 
be upon your Parents and your felves for it. 

But herefecondly I would ask this one g)ueJiion, viz. Whether a very i>ertl' 
you think that St. Paul was fuch an impertinent Fellow (as by your "^"^ ^^ '°"' 
negleft he feem^ to be made) to coitnfel and advife the Colojjians 
to a thing with fiich Emphafis, as here in this place he doth, where 
he (aith, Let the toord ofchriji dwell in you plenteoujly in all wife- 
dom, teaching and admonifljing one another in Pfalms and Uymns-, 
and f^iritual Songs ^ Singing with a Grace in your Hearts unto 
the Lord : if it were not a matter of more then ordinary concern .<?; 
Sure, fure, fure. Singing oipfalms and Jpiritual Hymns by Art and 
skill (though it be much out o^fafjion, and (lightly regarded, or 
ill-favourdly performed bymoft, or very many) is a thing of (b 
much wifedom, whereby good Chriflians might (hew the plenteouf 
nefs o^Chrifis word dwelling in them, that it would undoubtedly 
mofk glorioufly become the gravity, J^lendour, or funUion of the 
mo(i: illtijirious, even Prince^ themfelves •■) and if (b, thenqueftion- 
ie(s All others. 



Chap. IV. 

DAvid the King, and the beloved Prophet of God, was called the 
frveet Singer of Ifrael, 2 Sam. 23. I. which denotes to us,- 
that he did not only (atisfie himfelf with that moft eminent Squire The moft 
that ever mention was made of in the whole World, viz. 40CO ^^?"'^cent 
perfons, oi Princes, PrieUs and Levites, and the very UU of the ever was in' 
People, who praifed the Lord with Infiruments, which he ( David ^"^^ ^®'^'''' 
the King) himfelf had made, I Chron. 23. 5. But without allque- 
ftion he himfelf was a performer amongft them, yea and a very 

ikilM 



Varochiall 'M.uftdi, 



Note care- 
fully. 



The wonder- 
ful! efFefts of 
Mufick and 
that (^ire. 



How Mufick 
has come la 
be ander va- 
lued. 



skilfull one tdo : otherwiie he would never have ?f/adi\ or ^ivcn 
dire&ions ^ox thofe Injimments^ much lefs have afiumed that Nj,f/e 
of the Jrveet Singer of Israel. 

Now upon a (blemn confideration of thefe things^ how reully 
Irtte they. were, how wonderfully Glorious they muft: needs be, con- 
fidering that choice and curious care which was taken in the p-c- 
faration for that Service^ and how exceedingly acceptable they 
were unto God Almighty ; for 'tis doubly worth my writing and 
your reading to take notice oithat place of Scripture which here 
I will (et down, viz. i Chron. 5. 12, 15, 14. the words are thefe : 
' And when the Vriefis were come out of the SanBuary^ ( for they 
' were all fandtified ) and the Levites the fingers of a]] forts being 
'clad in^»e linen, ftood with Cymbals, and with Viols, and Harps, 
'at the Eafl-end of the Altar, and with them an hundred and 
''twenty TrieBs, blowing with Trumpets '-^ And they were aU as 
'<?»&, blowing Trumpets and fmging, and made one found to be heard 
' in praifng and thanking the Lord'-, And when they lifted up their 
'"voice, with Trumpets, and Cymbals, and with Inftrnments of Mu- 
''fick^, and when they praifed the Lord^ftnging, For he is good, be- 
' caufe his mercy la Beth for ever : Then the houfe was filled with the 
' Glory of the Lord, fo that the Frieji could not flan d to minijier. 

Thele things, I fty, upon a (blemn confideration how exceed- 
ing acceptable this Service (thus unanimoujly and uhivocal/y offer'd} 
was unto the Almighty, ftiould ftir us up, and rouz^e us from that 
drowfmefsy or lethargic otjlupidity, which has well-nigh benum'd 
US into an infenjibility, and an uncapablenefs of nnderfianding any 
thing in thefe Divine Myfieries. 

And certainly jI(/«/?c>(, (elpecially fuch singing, I mean, with 
the skill and Art thereof) for want of a true rational and pious 
confideration of its unexprejjible excellency and Divine worth and 
ufe^ has come to fall into the conceits of moft men, (and which is 
moft to be lamented, of fbme who pa(s for learned and piom Di- 
vines ) an inferiour-low-jlighted-undervalu'd-regardlefs-dejpicable- 
needlefs Thing, and not at all thought fit to be brought mto the 
Houfe and Service of God. 

And others again there are who can juB endure it there, but 
take no care to underjiand any thing in it , letting it pafs for 
an Airy-vapour, a pretty Toy to keep them from fleeping, and (b 
forth. 

Yet (^thanks be to God) (bme there are who on the contrary 
are more confiderative, pious and worthy, who eBeem it ( as in- 
deed it is moft fit to be efteem'd ) an Ordinance of God, other wile 
why ftiould the ApoBle Paul Co prejfingly call upon the Colojfians to 
let ChriBs words dwell with them plenteoufiy in reference to it, as 
hath been before declared ftifficiently. 

I will now proceed and make good my Promise ^ and propo(c 
an undoubted way how the Vfalms may be exaBly performed, to the 
great illuBration of the Service of the Church, your own comforts, 
and the Glory of God i, infinitely beyond whatever has been, or 
can be by the contrary. 

And 



Tarochiall Mufiel^^ 



And becaiift 1 have made it manifefl how difficult a thing it is ' 

for any perfon to Sing'irt fMiQ Sone 5, but ten times more difficult 
Wihen he is within hearing of any tpho fingi oik ofTtthe ; ( nor is it 
poffiblg for a_ny to do it) It is tobehoted, that where Nature is Nott when 
Mfici^p.ov ohftriMecf, God Almighty has infus'd into the Vfider- ^^l' f^ff^^^^ 
JiMidiKgs 6fmen wit and ingenuity^ by Art to be affifting Unto it. Tune. 
■f^iiiid it; is i'nown by all experience, that there iire certain ways 
fottnd bijt in i^^ j^rf td cau(e men and women, who are but of 
indifferent capacifie}, QUi'to Mu(ick^) Jtr toSingin Ttme that (at 
tl^ worft) they' flikir not interrupt or dijiurb any who are with- 
in hearing of themj' but (with a very little nfi and pruSfice) they 
^isWajjip and augment xht chorus to ver^j good pHrpofe. 

-.1 — 1__ M{^ ^i .S'"/.wM/A:tY/i' 'i ;-u!) 



N 



Ai. 

Oiv as to this, there is no better xvdy than to Sing to (bme cer- Thebeftaffift-' 
tain InUrument.xxox is there zny In^rument fo proper for a ^"ccfor'Voi- 
Church as an Organ •-, fo that it wjll iollow by right reafon in cofz- pfaims. 
fequihce, that if you will Sing Vfalms in Churches well, and in T»»e, 
you mnji needs huo^ anOr^an to Sing unto 5 by which mcaus the 
whole Congregation will be drawn (or as it were compeU'd ) into 
Harmonic al unity ; even (b, that 'tis impojjible for any perfon, who when impoi- 
has but a common or indifferent Ear, (as moft people have) to Sing ^^^'^ 1% ^'"^ 
'out of Tune, 

This is the way, and N<?»e in cow^^re unto it -• nor can the per- 
formance be excellent without it^ or as it ought to be. 

For when v/e Sing unto God, we ought to Sing chearfuUy, and 
with a loud voice, and heartily to rejoyce : The Scriptures makfe 
mention of ail this, and much more, as I have quoted elfewhere 
fuffici e n d y in this Book: 
- 'T'lsfad to hear what whining, toting, yelling, ox fireeking there the fad sing- 
is in mzny Country Congregations, as if the people were affrighted, '"^ '" ^°^ 
or difird&ed. And all is for want oi fuch a toay and remedy as ChScs. 
This is. 

- Now if ( by what I have hitherto faid ) I may (happily) have 
gained Co much credit as thtfsfar to be believed, by any.^ as I doubt 
not but I have with the rational and ingenuom-weU-compojed-wil- 
ling-good-ch'iUians, who would gladly ferve God aright, ifpoffi- 
bly they knew but how-^ yet methinks I hear them make this 
fcruple, and doubt whether or no this thing be poffibleever tobe 
attain'd untO;, faying, What ! An Organ in our poor Fariffi Church .<? 
and Aii Organiji too .<? ( for if we have the one, we muft have the 
other) This (ure can never be^ which way can wecompa(s two 
fuch diffcult things as Thefe ? Anfwef. Moll eafily. 

But before I (hew you the way, I would propofe unto your 
confideration only thefe two things, which will be a right prepara- 
tive to xh^ bufinefs, \, 
^" C The 



lO 



Tarochiall M.H[ic\, 



T wo needfull 
things by way 
of preparation 
towards a 
right finging 
thcPralais,;a- 
fiiy attainable. 



Ancafie way 
how to pro- 
cure an Organ 
in every Pa- 
TiH) Church. 



Tfee Charg • 
of procuring 
an Organ in 
every I'arirti 
Church. 



The firft is, I would have you ferimtjly to confider rvhat it is 
yon are ahout^ when you pretend to offer this Sacrifi'ce ofprurfe and 
thanksgiving to the Great Cod, Creator oi Heaven and Earth ^ and 
llkcwi^ confider and ask your (elf thk ^tiejiion , viz. If you 
ought not to perform that Service in the molt exaS, P.nccre, and 
excellent manner that poffibly you can imagine lies in you, both 
as to Body, Soul, Sprit, and Ef^ate. This you muft needs grant is 
your Duty, and that ydu cannot think any thing too good, too pre- 
cious, or too dear unto you to part withaU for his Service. All this 
lam confident you will lay is true. 

Now take heed you lye not to God : for if you fay it, and are 
unwilling to doe it, you do rvorfe than lye, for you know your 
Mafters will,but do it not. 

The fecond thing I would have you confider is, only to exa- 
mine rceU where the main impediment, ^op,ox hindrance lies, and 
if you can once find it out, remove it. 

This with the former will certainly put you upon doing the 
bu(inefi. 

' And now methinks I hear you cry out aloud and (ay, that 
truly if we knew how to raife an Organ, wc would have it very 
(uddenly. 

If therefore ye be brought but to thif place, do\xht it not 5 fot 
I make no queftion but to put you into a re^Jjt w^^, which is 
this : vi%. Firft I would have you proppfe to your ftlves (bnje 
very^re^^ and urgent occajion, or necejjity for aj^eedy raifing 0/4 
fum of Money, fiippofing fuchanone as this:, viz. the Tarliatnent 
has made a great Tax to run quite through the Nation, fuch an one 
as the laU 18 months Tax, or rather the Chimney-money , and it 
mufl: be paid inprejently, without any contradiffion or delay. 

This I know you would moft certainly prepare to do, without 
accounting it impojjlble. 

Nov/ 1 lay, do but fuppofe this, or Comefich like thing, and pre- 
fvtlygo al?0ut getting up the money, every man his pare, and lay it 
by for that tife, till your Organ be ready, and you will foon (ee 
it fet up in your Tarijli Church , to your great content and com' 
mendations. 

The matter of 30, 40, 50, or 60 pounds will procure a very good 
Tnjirumef/t, ft for mpft little Churches, and fb accordingly in pro- 
portion for greater. 

Therefore now chear up, the way is plain and eafie, if you be 
xpilling, and dare but venture /;&«f much upon the account of Gods 
Service, ( luppofing he has commanded you to this (mall, or great 
Tax. ) Thus much for an Organ. 

But now as to an Organiji 5 That is (uch a difficult buffnefs, as I 
I believe you'l think abfolutely impoffible ever to be obtained 3 a 
fonffant charge I a Terrible bufinefs I 

for how many hundred Pari/f) churches arc there in England .<? 
qpid there muft be (b many Organifls at a yearly charge, whereas 
when our Organ is once (et up, a (mall matter will mainUin it for 
ever ; But as to the charge of an Organift, this is (ad. 

Now 



Parochial/ Mufic\, 



Now for your comfort know, that this is ten times more eafe 
and feafihle than that other of the Organ j and that after ye are 
once gotten into the way, you will have Organijls grow up a- 
viOHgB you as your Corn groves in your Fields^, without tfiuch of 
your Cojij and lefs of your Care. 



II 



Chap. VI. 

tlon? to procure an Organiji. 

THe certain way I will propofe (hall be This : vi%. Firft, I will .a far eaficr 
fuppofe you have a Varijli cUr\^, and fuch an one as is able ^^l^^^^^ 
to (et and lead a Pp/^, although it be never fo indijferently. organift. 

Now This being granted, I may {ay, that I wiU^ or any MHfic\ 
Malier will, or many more Inferiours, (as Virginal-? layers^ or 
many Organ-mak^rs^ox th^Xxk-^^ I (ay, <?«y olthofe will /^e^cA f«<:^. 
« P4r{/& Clarh^ how to j?«//e or jirike f>toU of our common rfalm- 
Tunes^ ufually Sung in our churches^ for a trifle^ ( viz. 20, 30, or 
^ojlnllings 5) and ^ jj^eZ^, that he need never beftow more coft to Note, Note* 
perform th/,t nutjifufficTP.ntly during his life. 

This I believe no judicious perfon in the ^ft will doubt of. And 
then, when this Clarke is thus well accomplifi'd, he will be Co doated 
upon by all the pretty ingenuous Children, and Tottng men in the 
Tarifid, that (carcely any of them, but will be begging now and 
then a Jliilling or ?2y<? of their Parents to give the C/^r/^, that 
he may teach them to pulfe a Ffalm-Tune , the which any fuch 
child or Touth will be able to do in a week^ or fortnights time 
very well' 

And then again each Youth will be as ambitious to pulfe that 
Pfalm-Tune in public kjio the Congregation, and no doubt but fhall 
do it fuficiently well. 

And thus by little and little, the P^n}^ in a Ihort time will ' 
fwar^- '^r abound with Organifls, and (ufficient enough for ^^4* 
Servn.. 

For you muft know, ( and I intreat you to believe me ) that what is one 
(fertoufly ) it is one of the moft eafie pieces of performance in all °[fle^p™fo^. 
Infirumental Muftck^, to pidfe one of our Pfalm-Tunes truly and well, 
after a very little (hewing upon an Organ. 

The Clark likewi(e will quickly get in his Money, by this 
means. 

And I (uppole no Parent will grutch it him, but rather rejoych 
in it. 

' Thus may you perceive how very eafily, and certainly thefe 
' two Great difficulties may be overcome , and with nothing (b 
' much as with a willing mind. 

' Therefore, be but mllingly refolvd^ and the work will Coon 
* be done. 

C 2 *And 



trances in 
Muficks Art» 



u Varochiall Mufick^ 

' And now again methinks I fee Come of you toeing up your 
^ Ca'^s^ and <;rying aloud, We will have an Or^«», and anOrgaffiSi 
' toO;^;|pr 'tis but laying out a little dirty Money : and how can 

* we lay it out better^ than in that Service we offer up unto Godi^ 
' and who ftiould we beftow it upon, if not upon Him^ and His 
' Service. 

This is a very right and an abfblute good Refolve s perfiji in it, 

and you will do wel/^ and doubtlefi find much content and fatif^ 

fadion in your (b doing. 

A mod excel- Por there lies linked to This an unknown, and unapprehended 

arifing'^to all Great good Eenefit^which would redound certainly to Jl/^ or mofl: 

young chil- young childret!^ who by this means would in their minorities be 

dren, ^ fweetly tinUur'd^ or feafoned, ( as I may fay ) or brought into 

a kind oi familiarity or acquaintance with the harmlep-innocent- 

delights of Cxxch pure and wzdefilabk prances, as that it would be a 

great means to win them to the love of Virtue^ and to dildain, 

contemn and flight tho(e common grofs il/ prdfices, which moft 

children are incident to fall into in their ordinary and accuftomed 

purfuits. 

For if they be once ttnly principled in the Grounds oF Piety 
and Mitjick, when they are youngs they will be like well-jeafond 
Vejfcls^ fit to receive all other good things to be put into them ,• 
And I am not only fubjeft to believe, but am very confiflent, that 
the vajl Jarrings^ and Difchording-nntunahkneJJcs^ over-Jpreading 
the face of the wh^/e Earth, might be much re&ijied, and put into 
Tune fboner this ivay, than by any other way Qivithout a miracle') 
that can be thought upon. 

This I {peak from an experience m my own Soul, who am a man 
fubjeft to the pafjions and imperfecfions of the rvorji of men ; Yet 
by This virtue, Thisfitblime Elixir oiMufical and Harmonical Divi- 
futy, have found as much (in a comparative way) as this comes 
to, upon my own Soid and violent pajfions. 

It cannot be too often repeated, how the Evil Spirit departed 

from Saul, when David played upon his Harp : True Mufick^ being 

Mufick is a a certain Divine-Magical-Spell, againft all Diabolical operations 

ca'uspeifa^ ' ^^ ^hc Soids of Men. But how little This is taken notice of, be- 

gainft the lieved , or regarded by moft , is grievous and lamentable to be 

thought upon. 

Well •-) Let thus much (uffice as to an encouragement towards an 
Organ, and an endeavour to have good Church- Mufick after this 
manner, which is the moft eafie and fiire way I can think upon : 
^An Organ being fiich a prevailing, or commanding Injlrument, and 

* (b naturally-fuitable to our humane Organs, viz,, our Voices, that 
' after a little time of ///e and cuUom to it, there will fcarce be one 

* Voice in an hundred, but will be drawn in, and be able to unite 
' Harmonically, and to very- very good purpofe, although he GV'J/je 

g^ ' ftiould have no skill at ajl in Song, but by a mcer natural apti- 

' tude they ftiall do it rvell. 



CHAR 



Devil. 



Tarochial/ Muftc^. 13 



Chap. VII. 

Horp f Calms may bs well performed in ChurWss 
without an Organ. 

HAving laid you down die moft certain^ eape, aAd excellent Thebeft way 
way d^ singing Tfalms to an Organ^ which (whatever elfe a°n/condnual 
can be (aid or contriv'd ) fhall ( ftill ) be the moft glorious^ mag- Quire in eve- 
mfi'cent^2LR.d a (iately-lieady way. Yet becaufe I know there are ^y Par'^, ©r 

•^ , y -^ •^, -^ L .T r r a National 

many who take Boggle at the very Name or an Organ, and yet Ouire. 
otherwi(e( perhaps) would be content losing vfalms 33?^// if they 
knew how. 

I will therefore (according to my bejl Ability) put them into 
a moft fiLJiatetialmd infallible ivay^ whereby the Vfalms (hall not 
only be well Sung, and gracefully •■) but chat there ftiall alfo be an 
ability of teaching and admonijinng one another perpetifal/y : ( But 
it is (iappos'd thef muft follow my counfel. } 

And as to This, it muft be confider a, that nothing of Excel- 
lency or of High-worth can be done without Forzcaji, Care, and 
Indujiry. 

Therefore if we think thif Thing We are talking about hefuch 
a Things viz. oi' Excellency, or High-worth, and worthy of our Fere- 
caji. Care, and Indtiftry : Then I fay. there is no way but one to 
compa(s or effed it. That is. 

We muft once more Face about, and back again to Good old 
St. Paul, (one o£chriJts Deputies ) and try if his counfel be like 
yet to do us any good, who (ays ftill, Teach and admonifi one 
another in vfalms. Sec. ( Thele words muft not be raz'd out of 
the Gofpel. ) 

But as to This, 'tis already confefs'd, that none of you are able 
to teach or admonijl) in That Faculty •■, and it may be fbme of you 
are grown fo old, and others too full of more necejjary Bujihcfs in 
your Worldly Affairs, than to look after (iich ncedlefs things of this 
nature, due to God and his Service, (for fb it muft needs be judged 
cS all, who do fojjjame fully negkCt it. ) 

: But although you will not trouble your (elves in This matter, 
yet it cannot be thought, but that you'l find (ome little fruples, 
or motions ofConfcience, fecretly whijpering and telling you, ( as it 
doth all forts of Sinners ) That yon ought to do it, and that it is 
your Duty fi to do it. For 'tis Chrijis own Order to St. Paul to put 
you in mind of it, ( as hath been already prov'd ) and no humour 
or conceit of mine, but Chriji's and St. Paul's, (if you dare, and 
will call it fo : ) Therefore look to it, as you intend to anfwer for 
the contrary. 

But now (to eafe you a little of that burthen ofConfcience) Vie 
tell you how you may in Come meafure make amends for your 
former negleft, if firft ( after your true Repentance ) you'l ftrive 
but to bring up your Children fi, as (in time to come ) they may 

be 



14 



Tarochiall MuftcJ^ 



Pretend not 
toferve God 
at all except^ 

&c. 



The many Be- 
nefits attend- 
ing thofe who 
attain to skill 
in Mufick, 



be enabled to tmderjiand, and capable to perform in this fo Chri- 
jiian a Duty. 

And This muft be done by putting them to learn the Art and 
skill ofSongy or Singing. 

Now this again will (eem a hard task^ for thofe who love their 
Money better than the Service of God. And to (uch I (ay, Pretend 
not to ferve God at all, or elje Jerve him as he hath commanded yon 5 
You mua beJioTv fomething upon Him und his Service. 

Imitate that moji eminent fixttern and example., which you will 
find in the 2 Sam. 24, &; 24. no worfe Per(bn then a Trophet and 
aKing^ who would not offer up That unto God which coSi him 
nought 5 yea although he might have had it freely given him, as 
there you may read he might. 

Conlider, I fay, and be^ow fomething upon God'-) or if not upon 
Him^ bejiovp it upon your children ^oxjlmme. 

For this ^lality ofMufickjs a Gentile §iiality at the very worfl.: 
And it will adorn your Children much more than ten times the cojl 
can be worth, which you fhall beflov/ upon them in the gain* 
ing of it. ♦ 

Befides, it will make them acceptable to all ingenuous people, and 
valtted amongft the bejl. 

They will be more capable of Preferment in the world, in cafe 
of any neceflity. 

Moreover, the great content and delight your felves will daily 

take in them, and they in themfelves, in that they are made fit In- 

Jiruments to ferve God in the beji of his daily Services, which is to 

Sing, and fet forth his praifes, in imitation of the glorious Saints 

and Angels, in his Heavenly ^ire, where they eternally Jing and re' 

Joyce before God. 

And now methinks I hear (bme of you fay, that you would 
gladly have your children learn this fo excellent a duality, if you 
knew how to have them taught. 

To this I muft confefs I know not readily how to aflift you, 
(the Harveft is great, and the Labourers but few) yet I doubt not 
but to find out a way how to advife you. 

The truth is, there is (b great a barrennefs ofMufical AJfiHants 
in moft Country Towns, caufed through the negleU, difefieem^ or 
the undervaluing of this Divine Quality in fbme, and alfb through 
the ill ufe, and abuje of it in others, that at the prefent it will be 
fbmething difficult to have all Children taught who live remote 
from great Towns. 

But if I could be afTurcd that you all would be as willing to 
promote the bujlhefe, as I am willing and ready to advije you, I 
qucftion not but that I have already found out the way for it : 
.As thus; 



CHAP. 



'Varochtall M.itpck. \^ 



Chap. VIII. 

WHerefoever you fend your Children to School, (I mean to how all chii-' 
the Grammnr-School) indent Co with the JlUjler^ that '^''en may be 
your Childreft fhall be taught om hour every day to s'wg, or one a° che7ma7 
half day in every wzch^ at leaU^ either by himjhlf or by fome jW«- be ufefdl in 
fick^Mafler whom he (hould procure : And no doubt but (if you g^j giivice 
'will pay for it) the bttfinefs may be effefted. erer after. 

For there are divers who are able to teach to Cjng^ and many 
more would quickly be, if fuch a general coune were determin'd 
upon throughout the Nation. 

There would fcarcely be a Schoolma^er^ but Vv^oulJ, or might 
be eafily able himfelf to do the bujtnefs^ one- in a quarter or half 
a year , and in a (hort time every finior Boj in aie School will be 
able to do it fufficietttly well. ' 

And this is the moft certain^ eajie^ and fubftantialvoay^ that can 
poffibly be advis'd unto. 

' And thus, as before I told you, how that your Organijis would 
grow up amongft you, as your Corn grew in tls Fie Ids , Co now 
(if fiich a courfe as Thjf would br taken) will your ^irrders 
increafe even mtofwarms like your -Rc^s in your Gardens^ by which 
means the ntxttjeneration will be plentifully die to follow St.' a perpetual 
TauVs Cojtnfet^ namely, to teach and admoniji} one another in Tfalms f' "^ '° ^'f 
and Hymns, and prifual Songs, and to sing with a Grace in their counfd.^'' 
hearts and voices unto the Lord, and to the Jetting forth of his glori' 
cuspraife. 

Which that they may do, I pray God to give all Parents of 
jngenuauf Children Co much Grace, as to beftow thif little-poor- 
irifle upon them, ( I mean, thztpitifulZ-inconJlderahk-coJi) in their 
Educations extraordinary , the which will extraordinarily much 
conduce to their Advantages, j/our own Comfort^s^ the Churches Ser- 
vice, ind. the Glory of God. ' ''' "•"■"' -'■ ' * 

Thus have I v/ith much ardency and zeal fir Cod, and with nO 
hCs love 2nd ajfe&ion unto his true Service, and unto aWchriJiiatt 
people, laid down two undoubted certain-good %>ayes oC Singing 
Pfalms well ; and either of which will (erve very well, but both 
together much-much better. 

And if neither oCrhefe two ways fhall be thought fit to be fol- 
lowed, nor fome other way, that may be equivalent (at leajt ) 
thereunto --^ whereby the Common way oC Singing maybe amended, 
Co as the Service may not become injured or blemijjed thereby; 
it were far better (ure only to have the P films Read, and never 
more pretend, or offer at the singim oCihem. 



CHAP- 



i6 



^mochiall. ]S/tMfic\, . 



A very nced- 
full Caution 
for every 
Chriflian to 
take not if e of. 



Concerning 
the Sacrifices 
offered unto 
God, and the 
Purity of 
them.; ,. 

,•■,...«' -"J -,; ,( 



•fV. J.- I >. 

.'um. iB. ?i. 

;DeUt. '?. 2 1. 

f. I. Ezek. 
4?. 21. Eccl 

3T- 12. &€. 

•(AnOhjcftor 
ngainft Sacri- 
fices. 

V V 

Anfwered. 



s:?- 



to ccnfidcr ivL.:- 



:r/nc". 



^:az 



jiid Eeirih 5 and 



■i ST& about, when yc»ii(^/=-^:'^. .^ -'i/^Tlv' 
ihanh^'gruing to me G/'ec-: j G'(;ti. Creator cl 
lik.cT/iCe confider and ask your (elf ?,^^ ^efiicn , ' wz. If ycts' 

^his,. wa.^;^ :!r:d mdi you cannot think sny thinf?; ^si? ;etf!?4) ^•^'^ ^^-e- 

That eyer^,|erjtf*;(.^hQ^t,^Hy;^^ _fegII,#i^ra>lc.to^"/^;« 
ff4.m\n the <:toc/&,^, do viffll confider nj^<?? /V 7'j Ae /V abotit^ or 
in ^«7?»^ at that time^ and' whether^pr no;^^*? ^ot^trm^Qe^yi^^^, 
or ought not to be'efteem^d as a 5^r?^c^ wh^f h-^^ ^^x 

ing up uhto God ? !^\i^v^h\ch^\xxdy cannot be denied. 

And if (b, then tp confider ftrtherthe tfatgr^9^,^^ ^d^nr/f^,,apd 
how it ought to heprepar'd and offer d. ■; ;^r ,:/7:;;v?;c/,: v.^ and 

Now to know all ^ij-^and clearly to nnderjiand it, there is no 
readier way than to,tur%to the M<^. Chapter of -^g;?^/^^^,^ and 
rea d from the i jth'. Veffe to the end of that Chapter. 

But more efpecially take notice of yerle the .i$>^,j\Yii€re 'ti^ 
faid thus, (by Gods own Commandment, untoMoJes-y ,.-y^ • ' . ^ 

TeJIoall offer of a free mind 'a Male without a blemiffj. Sec. 

Where note, firft, that the Sacrifices offer 'd unfp God^ ftiouJd 
be done willingly and freely, and not by coxyipulfjofa oxfirce. 

Again, in the 2G/^^. verfe, Ye (hall not: offer Wyt^ing that M^ 
^blemijl},(br that ihall not be acceptable, .-4- ^^p^^^ .vr.^ 

Again, verfe 21. Bis offering fhall he perfel}, no btemijh'wi^t: ,,a 

And in verfe the 22 J. (mark well) Blind, ox Broken, ox Maimed^ 
.,pr having a Wen, or Scurvy, ox Scabby, ox jU-favour'd, S<c. thefe 
fhall ye not offer unto the Lord, "^.j^j ^ 

iSIote here how often 'tis prefs'd Verfe after verfe, [ w/ having 
bkmif). ~\ 

Sure 'tis o^ very great concern. And to this very purpofe I could 
quote you many more places quite through the whole Levitical 
Law, as in the margent here I have fet fome down ; whereby 
you may plainly fee ypur joaj»pa(^, and the great C^re you ought 
to take therein. .■>.;- 

But here an Obje&or tells me, that then, under the Law, fiich 
Sacrifices were indeed fb and Co performed-, but «<7ip, under the 
Gojpel, there are no fitch things to be done. 

To the whichi firft anfwer thus, That herein we may be faid 
.to be the more beholding unto God Almighty, who has disburthen'd 
us of fuch grievom burthens. 

And I cannot but fb call them grievous, becaufe when I refleft 
upon the great charge, confiant trouble and attendance belonging 
XiVAOthem, and alfb upon the general covetmfnefs, zx\d griping hu- 
mours of too too many in thefe our dayes, and how loath they are 
to befiow any thing either upon the Church, or its Services, or upon 
God himfelf. 

And that if now they were called fb confiantly to bring in of 
the beH and fatteli of their Herds and flocks, as then they were 5 

how 



Varochia/i Aduf/c^, 17 



how loath, I fay, and griidgwglj/ furely would they do it? and not 
ar all fn-elj, and of a ivilling mind^ as God requires it. 

I fay, when I couiider upon thtje thinq^s, I cannot but ftill (ay 
we are much beholding unto God, for fo great an eafe and freedom, 
both Co our Fnrjes and Verfons in that particiilur. 

But now fccondly, although we are not commanded any of what are. the 
thefe thwgs under the Gojpe I, yet we cannot deny but that we are ^^^^'^^"^ ^^' 
to do fomc Duties to God, which ftand in the rooxi of thofi Legal 
Sacrifices f, the which can be none other than the Sacrifices of ^:^ 
Traije,jhan}{sgJving,Adoraiion,^ndfiucereDevotion,^c. 

Thele certainly every good Chrifiian will affirm to be ftill due un^ 
to God j nor can it be deny'd, but that thefi^ ought to be done 
without blemifi} •-, that is, not Blindly, Alaimedly, Scurvily, Scalbily, 
or lll-favoitr.dly, according to the words before recited. 

Now I (ay, how thefe Sacrifices in our time are generally per- 
formed, is the thing chiefiy to be noted and regarded. 

Nor is there any better way to examine them, than according The Befl way 
to the laft repeated words which God (pake unto Mofes his Ser- them?""'°^ 
vant, laying. 

Speak, unto Aaron and his Sons, and to all the Children of 
Jfr.iel, &c. 

' Ye (hall offer of a free mind, a Male without a blemifij unto the 
' Lord-^ not Talind. nor Broken., or Maimed, or having a IVen, or Scur^ 
'■ i)y, or Scabby, or ill-favour d, 8<.c.. 

'Which to me feems as \i Chrifi: 'jefm, or any of his Deputies, 
'(vizi St. Paul, &c.) (hould (ay noxv unto ^ar<?», viz. f/»e Arch- 
* ^/y7j(?/> and to his Sons, viz. the whole Clergie ; and unto the peo' 
'■pie of Ifrael, viz. the whole Chrifiian Congregational Churches.^ 
'(none excepted,) 

'Ye (hall offer the^e. Sacrifices o£ Vraife znd Thanksgiving, viz. How (hey are 
'■pfalmsj and Hymns, and J^iritual Songs, o£ a. free mind, viz. If be- [^^^^ ^^''^'^' 
' rally, willingly, chearfully, and without conjlraint or grudging. 

'A 7l/<«/e without a blemifi}, viz. the mod principal piece of In- 
' dufiry, which ^r^ or Mature has furnilh'd you with ability to per- 
'form with. 

' Not Blind, viz. not ignorantly, but skilfully, ( for we ought to 
'■ he s^ilfuU in the Service of God. } 

' Nor Broken, viz. not divided, but united. 

' Nor Maimed, viz. not <?k^ <?/ 7«;ze, but in Conchord. 
* Nor having a /Few, viz. not having any fuperfluous vain a&ions 
'■ either oioflentation, or [eeming Holinefs -, but in all humility, and 
'•fimplicity of Aearf . 

'Nor Scurvy, viz. not envious at another who has a ieffeii 
'^ faculty then ^f^'wr ye//^-, but rather ye/^y/ce z« ^zVs!?, and applaud 

' Nor Scabby, viz. not giving any infeBioifs lU examples, in fii- 
* perfluity of gorgeous Attire, ( beyond your Degree , Rank., or 
' Quality.) by Frieze, or other impurity, but in all /j^ri^ and ^/^w/- 
'/i/)/ bothof ^tf6?y and «?/W, i . 

'Nor lllfavourdly^YL. no conceited humoroifs behaviours ox afieUed 

D ' '■ gefiuresy 



iS ^arochiaJl Mufic\, 

^Jiures, unbecoming the Service ofGed, but in all comlimfs, fincere- 
*" pous-gfAvity and Jbbrietjf. 

* Thus may the Sacrifices o??raife and Than^gi'ving be offered 
^ * up unto God^ and accepted of Him , but other wile not. 
The Chief Therefore it behoves every Christian to examine himjelf, how 

^°*' he is affi&ed when he is in thefe Performances^ and above all whe- 

ther kif Heart go along with his Voice or not ; without the which 
all will be but as vain babling^ founding Brafs or 7inckling Cymbals. 
And thus have I according to my fmall Talent^ caft into Gods 
Treafury vsvf little Adite, Jincerely praying Himfoto blepit^ as it may 
become of fbme good afe to my Fellovp-Chriiiians^ to the Fraife and 
dory of Hzj Eternal Name. Amen. 

The end of the DireUions for Tarochial Muflek^ 



I 



Chap. X. 

Concetmng the great Excellency and Eminency of a 
Pfalm well Sung. 

Will now in the Conclufion of this Difconrfe, adde only oue 
chapter more, in making mention, both of the Time and PlacCy 
where and ^hen and where was heard f I believe ) the moft remarkable^ and 
the^BeftVmg" ™°^ excellent Singing ofpfalms^ that has been k^torvn or remem- 
ing of Piaims ^^e^/ any where in Ti6e_/e our latter Ages. 

Author heard, ^"^ "^°^ Certain I am, that to myfelf it was the very beU Har- 
monical-Mnjicli that ever I heard ; yea far excelling all other cither 
private^ or pMickjCathedr.il-Muficl{_ j and infinitely beyond all ver- 
bal exprcffion or conceiving. 

The Time rohen, was in the year 1644. the Place where, was in 
the Ji at ely Cathedral Church of the Loyal City Torl{. 

And becaule by the occafion of z>, you may the better appre- 
hendy and the more eafily be brought to believe the glorioufnefs 
Tand illnfirioufnefs of /^^f Performance , I will here ( in a Short 
feeming-DigrejJion ) declare it unto you : As alfb Ibmething of 
more xhtn ordinary remarks relating to that T^e and Place, 
"^^^ioccifion The ffccafon of it was, the^re^* and clofe Siege which was then 
tag. ^^ '"^' laid to that City, and Jlri&ly maintained for eleven weeks Ipace, 
by three very notable and confiderable great Armies, viz. the Scotch, 
the Northern, and the Southern , whofe three Generals were thefe, 
for the Seotch, the old Earl o? Leven, viz. David Lefley, (alias 
LdjS/e^ 5) for the Northern, the old Ferdinando Lord Fairfax j for 
the Southern, the Earl oi Manchefler : And whofe three chief Com- 
manders next themfelves, were, for the Scotch, Lieutenant-General 
—————— 5 for the Northern, Sir Thomas f now Lord) Ftf/>- 

/ja:5 and for the Southern , Oliver Cromwell, ("afterwards Lord 
Froteifor.') 

By 



Tarochiall Muftck^. 19 



By This occafion, there were fhut up within that City, abun- 
dance of People of the befi Rank^and ^ualrtjf, viz. Lords, Kmghts^ 
and Gentlemen of the Countries round about, befides the Sofd- 
diers and Citizem^ who all or moU of them came conftantly 
every Sunday^ to hear Vuhlick^ Prayers and Sermon in that fpacious 
church' 

And indeed their Numkr was Co exceeding great, that the Church 
was (as I may fay) even cramming ov fqueezing fitll. 

Now here you muft take notice, that they had then a CuUom A Good Cu- 
in that Church, (which I hear not of in any other Cathedral, which mo'^iy ufed^n 
was) that always before the Sermon, the whole Congregation fang cathedrals. 
a vfalm, together with the ^ire and the Organ j And you muft 
alfb know, that there was then a moft Excel/ent-layge-piump-lujiy- 
fuU-j^eaking-Organ , which coft f as I am credibly informed J a 
thoujand pounds. 

This Organ, I fay, (when the rfalm was (et before the Sermon) 
being let out, into all its Fulnefs of stops, together with the ^//re, 
began the vfalm. 

But when That Vafl-Conchording-Vnity of the whole Congrega- 
tional-Chorm, came (as I may (ay) Thundering in, even (b, as it 
made the very Ground fid ak^ under us , (Oh the unutterable ravifi-- the unuttera- 
tng Soul's delight I ) In the which I was (b tran^orted, and tvrapt ^JfaS Ben"*' 
up into Hrgh CofttemflatioMs, that there was no room left in my fit of aPfaim 
whole Man, viz. Body, Soul and Spirit, for any thing below Divine R'S^tly fuog. 
and Heavenly Raptures 5 Nor could there poflibly be any Thing in 
Earth, to which That very singing might be truly compar'd, ex- 
cept the Right apprehenfions or conceivings of T^rf^^/tfw^f and 
miraculous Quire, recorded in the Scriptures, at the Dedication of 
the Temple, of which you may read in the 2 Chron. ch. 5. to the 
end 5 but more particularly eminent in the two laft verfes of that 
Chapter, where King Solomon Cthe wifcft of men J had cdngre- 
gated the moft Glorious ^ire that ever was known of in all the 
world : And at their Singing oC?falms, fraifes,QX Thanksgivings^ 
the Glory of the Lord cams dovpn amongii them , as there you 
may read. 

I (ay, the true apprehenfiohs diThis ^ire^ comes neareft of 
any thing to be admitted as a Comparifont. 

But yet ftill beyond Thk, I can truly (ay, it was Ufefull to me irl 
a much higher manner, viz. even as a moft lively Similitude, or c» idem. 
Reprefentation of the Beatifical, Cceleftial, or Angelical giiires above, 
which continually Rejoyce before God, Adoring and fngingPraiJes to 
Him and of Him in all Eternity. 

But ftill further, that I may endeavour to make this (bmething 
more livelily apprehended, or nnderjiood to be a real true Thing ; 

It would be confidered, that if at any Time, or place, fuch a 
congregated Number could perform (uch an outward Service to 
the Almighty, with True-ardent-invpard-Devoiion , Fervency and 
AffiBionate-zeal , in expectation to have it accepted by Himj 
Doubtle(s it ought to be believd, that it might be and was done 
There, and Then. 

D 2 Becauic 



lO 



Tarochiatt MnftcJ^. 



A ftrange 
piece of Hea- 
thenifh Inci- 
vility of the 
Enemy in 
time of Divine 
Service. 



Becaufe that at That Tinie^ the dejperatcf^efi and d/fma7dffefi of 
then Danger could not but draw them unto it^ in regard the Enemy 
was fo Very near, and Fierce upon them, efpecially on That fide 
the City where the church flood •-, who had planted their Great 
Guns fo mifihievoujly againft the Churchy and with which conftantly 
in Prayers time they would not fail to make ihenHellip diflnrbance^ 
hy Jijooting againft and battering theChurch^ in (b much that fbme- 
times a Canon Bullet has come in at the windows, and bonne d about 
HotaPi/Iar to Pil/ar, (even like fbme Furious Fiend., or Evil Spirit) 
backwards and forwards, and all manner of fide- ways , as it has 
happened to meet with fquare or round Oppo(ition amongft the 
Pillars , in its Returns or Rebounds , untill its Force has been 
quite fpent. 

And here there is one thing moft eminently remarkable^ and 
well worth noting, which was, That in all the wholetime of the 
Siege,, there was not any o^e Perfl/n Cthat I could hear of J did 
( in the church ) receive theleaft Harm by any of their Devillip 
Canon shot : And I verily believe, there were conftantly many 
more then a thoufand Perfons at That Service evdry Sunday, during 
the whole Time o'ixhM. Siege. 

Thus much (hall fuffice to notifie the ( General^utrknoren or 
unconceiv'd) Excellency and Divide worth of Singing PJalms ■well. 



I will now proceed to Cathedral Muflc^. 



CHAP. 



Cathedral/ AdufK\, w 



C H A P* XL 

Concerning Cathedrall Mufich^ 

HAving (aid (b much concerning Parochial Mujickjn the pre- 
ceding Part, there is but httle left for me now to Cay as 
to This, becau(e the Fundamental Supports of Both being the very 
fame , the very fame Fundamental Rules ought to be obferved 
-in Both. 

That is, that Alt who have any Relation to the Service of the J'^^^^^J^^ 
'Church, to be able to teach and adrdonip one another in vfdms and jnuftrate ca- 
■Jiymns and Jpiritual Songs 5 And to Sing With a Grace in their thfd"l Mu- 
Hearts unto the Lord : For there is nothing wanting in the Cathe- ^^^^' 
jdral Mnfick^ of our Nation, fo much as Thk. 

And liThis One Thing were but done. This Alone would do The 
Workj) viz. Refine, Illujirate, and make a Gloriot/s Muire, in imita- 
tion of That in King Solomon's time , mentioned before in the 
2 Chron* ch. 5. which, undoubtedly was The Pattern or Original 
from -whence All Cathedral Mufici^was^i^ derivd'^ and in Allu- 
fion to which it is ftill Ceven J l^pt Alive, or ufed to this day in All 
Cathedrals j- Yet i^ffi'^ifel-yjJiort of ivhat was Then. 

But why JJ7e in Thefe otlr Dayes ftiould come fofjort of T/^e^?, I 
can fee no rsafonaLle caufe for in Nature or Art , becaulewe are 
without doubt in all outward. Rejj}e^s, in asgood a capacity as They 
then were, if not in a far /-e/^er. 

For we have in This our Nation a large Colk&ion, Store or Pro- O'"" Cathedral 
w/tfw of the very Befi Pieces o^Art ("properly fit for That Service) btft Piecesof 
that can be produced in the vehole World. Arc in the 

Made by the moft Principal and Choice Makers in That Art 5 fo ''^°'^^^' 
magnificently lofty zndfublime, that (truly I believe) it is impoffi^ 
ble they (hould ever be Excelled by Art or Indufi:ry. 

For certainly we (inthefeourlatter Ages) are arrived to that 
Eminent height of Knowledge, ShjU and Excellent Proficiency, both 
as to Compofitioh and Exprejfion, Vocal and InUrmnental, which 
mver was before attained unto in This Art. 

Except it might poffibly be by Thofe moft Excellent and choice 
Mu$ciavs which the Uoly Scriptures make mention of in King 
David and King Solomonstme,th.oCe Prophetical Singers, Afaph, 
Beman, Jeduthun, together with their Sons,^ Priejis and Levites, 
and the reft of that Vafi ^tire, the like to which was never any 
known to be in the world. 

And therefore we may probably be thought to have the very Never ro be 
Befi, Vtmofi and Principal Part of That Knowledge and Sk^ll, which ^■/'^''''f''^ "=' 
the Almighty has permitted and thought fitffjcient for the Sons of ^'^"" *" * 
■men to enjoy Here, ti\\ tr4njplanted Hence. 

And alfo in regard there is Nothing remaining of their Art, Skill, 
ox Labours in thisJijnd, AndJikewile in that the mn-ld has la- 
boured ever fince in this moft mrthy and profound Art,andmthing 

IS 



^^ Qathedrall Mi^fic^, 



is produceable which may be compared to what at This Day We do 
moft happily enjoy 5 yet loo mxxch unhappy m that (b few^wzv, or 
endeavour to underhand the things much le(s the unexpreffible 
Good of it 5 and therefore make not the Right ufe thereof ( not 
can,) but rather (on the contrary ) flighty difregard, contemn^ or 
frophane it. 

Therefore I fay, \ve may with much Reafbn conclude, that We 
are arrived to the utmofi height that is permitted the Sons of men 
to reach unto. 

And the rather we may fb conclude, in that if it be confidered 
how in This prefent Age, ( if we (eem not to decline, or go bacl^ 
The moft Ex- Tpards, yet J we nothing at all Excell or Exceed thofe Divine Works 
of beft Au" ' ^^ '^^^ foregoing, and never to be forgotten admired rare Authors 
thors. of the laft Century of Tears, whofe 'Hames are recorded in our 

church-Books, and (doubtlefsj will be preserved, as precious Monu- 
ments and Examples to all after Generations, fb long as the World 
and the church endure. 

The confideration of thefe things Ihould excite and ftir us up t6 

endeavour more after the Knowledge,Skill, and true Vnderfianding 

of it, and its Divine Vfe, than is generally known or done. 

The moft Ex- 2dly. We have like wife in This our Nation, Men moft Excellent- 

of thif oT" ^ jA///«// and Expert, as to the Art of Singing ^ fuflSciently able to 

Age. perform Thoje (b Eminent and Artificial Coxjf of/res and services, 

far beyond whatever Hifloryot Record mzkts mention of, fince 

thofe Prophetical Singers, 

The perj)etual gdly. We have alfb Pious and Very worthy Donations, Stipends 

gilenTotL ^^ Aliovpances left us, by the Devout Zeal of many our Godly and 

Church. very Exemplary Predecejfors, towards a perpetual maintaining of 

That fb Glorious and Illujirious Service. 
Stately chur- 4thly. We have moreover many Jiately and magnificent Sim* 
chcs buiic us. i;ittres, ready built us, by the Care^ Industry zn6.Cofi of Thoje our 
Benefactors, fit for fuch Services. 

Now all Thefe Things confidered, and Thus concurring, how 
fhould it be doubted, but that we mufl necelTarily have Excellent^ 
and mo^Exquijite Church-Mufick^? 

The truth is, I do not doubt it, but can fay, J Know, and ara 
Aj[furedthafwehave,7nfime Places. 

But this alfb I muft needs fay, that in many, or moji Places, it is 
Deficient, Lovp, Thin and Poor , and the Great Grief is, in that it 
cannot poflibly be Better d or Amended, ( Rebus fie Jiantibus ) as 
the Conflitution of things ftand at prefent, except there be fome 
other way found out for its Ajjiftance, then now is. 

Now here it may be demanded, what way that fhouldj or 

might be ? 

The beft way The which to antwer Rightly, can be done no better way then 

the*^dcfeal in ^"^^ ^° coufider well, what may be the Defelij which ftill can be 

our Church- HO better way done, or difcerned, then by making a Comparifon, 

Mufick, betvwxt the Original Sampler, and the Sample, and by obferving 

how They agree, or differ^ or what Ukenefs or tmliksnefi there may 

be between Thsm. 

The 



Qathedrall Aiupcl^. 



^5 



The Sampler or Vattem is exprefi'd before, viz. the iCatkdral 
MHjick_ofKi»g Solomons Temple. 

And here 1 confefs I could make a Long-comparative-Recital^ be- 
tween what was Then^ and what is IsSoiv •-, but I (hall forbear T/jat 
( in This Place ) and leave it to the Confiderations and Apprchen- 
fions of the Learned and skilfull 'mih.G Art, and (hall only (peak 
fomething to the DefeSf. 

And as to That, it is raoft apparently to be feen, and in thele 
two Refpefts. 

. Fir ft. By the General Thinnefs of moft ^ires, viz. the Paucity or 
fmall number of Clarks belonging to each ^ire. 

Secondly, By the Difability or Infttfficiency of mofi of Thojh 
darks. 

Now the Thinnefs of our ^ires will appear by This, viz. that 
in moft ^ires there is but allotted One Man to a Part'^ and by 
reafon of rohich it is impoilible to have That Service conftantly 
performed, although but in a very ordinary manner, (Thinly, 
yea very Thinly ) becaufe that often by reafon of Sicknejs, Ind'if- 
p»fitions, Hoarcenefs, Colds, Bttfinefs, and maiiy other Accidents and 
necejjary Occafions, Men muU be Abfent, Difabled, or Impedited 
from doing Their Duties j Co that ztfuch Times, the Service nxvSk 
fifer : And fuch like Accidents happen too often. 

Then again, 2dly, As to the tnfufficiency of many ofThoJe (^Feiv) 
ele&ed Clerks j it is likewise apparent, that very Few of Them are 
(or can poffibly bej Majiers in the Art of Song, or Singing ; much 
lels in the Art ofMtifick,^ in general. 

And except they be Majiers in the Art of Singing, f which is 
no fuch ea(le T'^j/^ as is vulgarly thought to be _) They are not to 
be accounted Fit for the Performance of That Choice Dttty, v/hich 
is the mof Eminent Piece of Our church Service . 

If therefore Thefe two DefeUs were Well Weighed, and confi- 
dered upon, So, as tliey might poffibly be Remedied'-, doubde(s 
our Chirch-Mufck. would be Exceedingly much Refitid, and tm- 
proved'-, otherwife '^ot. 

And now becaufe it muft needs foem a Uard matter to Re&ijie 
Thefe two fo very Great Difficulties, in regard they proceed from 
zn Occult, Remote, or foeming undifcernable Caufe'^ 1 will firft 
lay open That unperceivable Cdufe, and theri ftiew how both 
Thofe former Difficulties may (very probably ) be Overcome, or 
ReSiijied. 

. And as to this Caufe of the Thinnefs and mean performance of our 
Cathedral Muftck^ in the general 5 

I conceive it proceeds from nothing fo much as from the love 
Ejieem, and great Difregard, which mofl People have, and all along 
have had of it, in Thefe lattef Ages, fince the firft Iflftitution 
Thereof. 

The which may be well perceived, in that there \^ Nothing, or 
ijery Little ( to be feen or heard of J Giw« from any late Bene- 
faBors, towards the Augmenting or Maintaining of it, fince the 
firft very liberal and weU-meaning Founders large bounties and 

Donations ; 



Two Defefti 
genarallj in 
Cathedral 
Mufick. 



The un-tifser- 
nable but tru« 
Caufe of the 
Defefls in our 
Church-Mu- 
lick laid opeti. 



24 



Qathedrall Adf4/lc\, 



No late Eenc- 
faftors to- 
wards that 
Service of the 
Church. 



The Clerks 

Statutable 

Wages. 



Large, liberal 
and fBffieient 
when. 



When infuffi- 
cient, and the 
Rcafon why. 



Donations -, which although They were very large^ l/kral, and 
fi/Jjicient Then, yet They are Noxv in a manner as it were fmm/i to 
Nothing. 

This very Thing, I fay, mull: needs argue a general Low^ Slight, 
and Difregardlefs value or Elieem had unto This Service. 

Whereas (on the contrary) if we caft our Eyes about, into any 
County, City, Torvn-Corforate, or Vniverfi'ty, &c, we may (bon find 
out Numbers of late Beaefa&ors or Donors, to fundry and various 
intended Good Ends and Purpojes. 

As, viz,. Co much given for Ever fin Good Lands) towards the 
maintaining of a LeUure, a Free-School, an Almes-houfi, a Fellom- 
Jl}ip, a Scholarjloip, Building of Churches, Chappels, Monuments, or 
(uch like. 

But ft ill we fee This very Excellent, and mofl Glorious piece of 
the church-Service, to ftand Forlornly Thin, and very meanly ac- 
commodated or Provided for. 

l>io Great-Rich-Men (Living or Dying) mThefe ottr latter Jges^ 
(b much as Thinking^ or taking the Leaji Notice of its Abfolute and 
very Great Neccjfities, fb as to bequeath Come fm all matter towards 
its NeedfuU Augmentation and lUiifiration. 

And that there is fuch an abfolute Necejjlty, muft needs appear, 
if it (hall be condder'd, what manner of pittifuU-loiv and mean 
Allowances the Poor Servants of the chtrch (in (uch places } are 
Generally forc'd to izt/e upon ^ where T/6c/> Te^^-Zj/ W^^ge/ are in 
(bme §uires not exceeding e/g^^, ;?{,», or tveelve pounds a yearj 
but none amounting to One quarter fo much as may fufficiently, 
or comfortably maintain fuch Officers, according to the Nature 
or Dignity of Their Places, in T^e/e our Excejjively-heightned and 
Dear Times. 

Yet I do verily believe, that fiich Stipends or Wages might plen^' 
tifuUy fuffice Them, in Thoje former Cheap Times, when (as I have 
heard ) Good Wheat was bought for 4 d. the Bufjel , and fb in 
proportion ( doubtlefs ) all other Commodities anfwerably low- 
prizd and Cheap : And Money Then ( on the contrary) at a High 
value. 

So that (without all Queftion) fuch a Provijion oC eight, ten, or 
twelve pounds a year. Was Then a very Confiderable, Ample and fuffi- 
cientProvifion--> whereas Now, All things being fo mightily alter 'd 
from Cheapnefs to Dearnefe, it muft needs be judg'd a very Low, 
In confiderable, Infufficient, Unbecoming and Vncomfortable Liveli- 
hood, for fuch an officer of the Church, who (according to the Ex- 
hortation of the Prophet King David) {honXdSing chearfidly unto 
Cod, and Heartily Rejoyce. 

But Alas! Alas I He or They have little Heart or Courage, in 
Thefe our Griping Dayes, So to Do 5 but rather on the contrary, to 
make Sorvr Faces, and Cry, or Roar out aloud, and fay. Who will 
do us any Good ^ &c. For We and our Families are almofl 
fiarv'd. 

And how fhould they be thought otherwife then well-nigh 
fiarv'd-, were it not for that Notable piece oC Connivance, or Con- 
trivance 



Qathedrall Mrdftck^, i<^ 



trwaKce of the worthy VreUta and Majiers of our Chmrhes, who 
fuffevThexfz to Wor/^^znd Labour CotherwileJ for Their neceffary 
Livelihoods ; fbme in one Callings and fome in another^ viz. in the 
'Barbers Trade ^ the shoe-maf^rs Trade ^ the Taylors Trade:, the 
Smiths Trade, and divers other ( fortie) more Inferiour Trades or 
Trofijjiofjs, (God knows.) 

Thefi Things, although they (eem to the Eyes oi fome very com- 
mendable imd planjibk'-i yet toothers Not •-, who lay, 'tis rather 
a kind of Dijljonoar to the Fun&zon of a Chnrch-nian, and his 
office, &c. 

Yet 1 confefs, confideririg the ttrgent NeceJJity ; as Firft, That no 
more then Statutable-denominated-Wages can be had 3 

Then 2dly. That Meat, Drink., Cloaths, and Houfe-Rent muftbe 
had for Themfelves, Wives and children : 

Therefore of Tjv^ Evils the Lefe is always to be chojen. 

So that in This Hard Cafe, there is a feemlng kind of NeceJJity 
C pleaded for _) to make choice of fuch Men into Thofe Places, as 
will sing fb well AS They Can, £6x fo much Money, although they be 
oF other Trades and rrofefjions. 

And indeed This is the Real, True, and Mijerable Condition of 
the church-Service, ("in That kind) and oi^ Thofe Toor-drudg- 
ing-Clarks of G^uires generally at Thk Day, for ly^M df (bme The great 
Open-hearted-Good-willing-BenefaCfors, to T/j^- C/6(7/ce P/ece «?/ /^e ^^^^ Bcn°eT^ 
Service. faftors. 

So that confidering the Old-nominated-statutable-Wages, being 
("as I have (aid J but ^i) or So : and thofe who lift not to Sing 
("as generally mofl: of them do J So or .s<?, for ^'i? Much, may go 
Whijlle if they will; for they are like to get No More •■, there be- 
ing No other Provifion ( as 'tis (aid ) left, by the Precife Words of 
the Statutes. (A'fud Cafe indeed, in Thefe Miferable-hard-dear- 
Gripng-Times ! ) 

Now I (ay, ThefeThings confidered how certainly True they are, 
firft in reference to the Clarhj Pitifull-poor-Wages, and likewife to 
the general Dead-heartedncfs, or Zeal-benumb' d-Fro%en- A fficiions 
in Thefe our Times, towards the Incottragement oF Such Things :, 
how can it be imagined , that fuch Clarkj (hould be Fit and 
Able Performers in That Duty, which neceffarily depends upon 
Education, Breeding, and sh^ll in That ^ality of Aluficl^, which 
is both a CoUly , Carefull, and a Laborious-Attainment , not at 
all acquirable ( in its Excellency ) by any Inferiour-lorv-capaci' 
tated Men. 

Nor can Such Men be any way Capable of getting /;f, in That 
Condition They Noiv are in , and very feW o^Them brings it with 
Them into Thofe Places, (as is too generally feen.) 

And here to (ay what I my feJf have been an Experimental 
Witnejs of, for more then thefe 50 years, ( in which I have been 
all along a Member of the Church, and in That particular Service ) 
would be too tedious and uncomely a Recital in Thk Place. 

Therefore out of a very Real and True Rejpe&, which I bear to 
the Honour of our Church and its Service, I (hall forbear^ 

E Yet 



%6 



Qathedrall Mufick^ 



The Author's 
Good Hopes. 



The Alpha 
and Omega of 
this Difcourfe. 



Yet hoping, that This Little which I have here (aid, may Cone 
time or otherj happily appear unto the Eyes^ and enter into the 
Hearts of (bme Confiderativey worthy. Able, and WiUing-Good-Chri- 
jiiam^ who may poffibly think it (as indeed it is") a Moli Ne- 
ceffkry piece of Bjenowned and ChrifiianBenefa^0rJl}ip,to Ajjiji (by 
Angmentation^ our Cathedral MitJicI^ in Theje Two former recited 
needful! Rejpe&s. 

And in the mean time, till This fhall happen to be done, by the 
Large-heartednefs , Freenefs and Zealmifnefs of (bme luch Nobly 
minded BenefaUors, ( Lovers of That Art and Service , ) There 
can doubtleis be found out no better prefent Remedy, then has 
been already (above) mentioned 5 which is, by adhering to, and 
putting into TraUice, the Counsel and Advice of Good St.Vaul^ 
which as it has been the Alpha of This my Difcourfe, fo like wife 
muft it be the Omega 5 vi'z,^ that every one who is Related to, 
and receives Benefit of the Church, (being in a Fit Capacity there- 
unto ) endeavour to have fo much skill, as to be -^/-/e to Teach 
and Admonijl) one another in Vfalms and Hymns and f^iritual 
Songs, 8cc. 

For doubtlefs there cannot poffibly be ^«».j/ ca^ or thought up- 
on a EeWer or more Certain way than Ti^^^, especially in This (b 
Di£icult a Cafe. 



Chap. XII. 



Maay of the 
M afters of our 
Church very 
Skilful! at thrs 
Day, to the 
great advan- 
tage of the 
Service. 



A potable 
Storjf of a 
confident ig- 
norant Clark, 



AND that there are many (uch Able, and very shilfuU-worthy 
Terfons, Maflers o^ Our Church at This Day, who are Thus 
Extraordinarily ^alified, is fufficiently known, to Their ovm de- 
ftrved Great Commendations^ and the Churches mofi happy and ne- 
eeffary Support- 

Who lb often as They can be Refident ^ Themfelves not only help 
to bear up the Burthen o^That moB Excellent Service, by uniting 
t\i€\x Voices (mskill) together with the §uire--> But alio by rea- 
(bn o^ Their (b Great Knowledge and Vnderfianding in the Art, are 
able to difcover any the leaft Fault or Blemifj in the Service, com- 
mitted by others who are lefs SkilfuU : And Thereby become much 
more Vfefull and HelpfuU in that particular Service, in many Re- 
fie&s, than otherwi(e They could poffibly be, ( had they but little 
or No sl{ill'mtheArt- ) 

For They give Example to others Profitably j Re&ife Errours Ef- 
fe&ually 5 and Reprove Ignorance or Infkfficiency Knowingly and 
Confidently. 

Whereas on the contrary, I have known 2 Reverend Dean of a 
^ire (a very notable, fmart-j^irited Gentleman) Egregiovfiy Baffled 
by one of the prefent darks , who to my knowledge was more Ig- 
norant in the Art of Seng, then a Boy might be thought to be, who 
had Learn d to Sing but only One month ; yet could make a fbift 

to 



Cathedrall Mufick^, 27 



to Sing moft of the Common Services and Atithews^ by long u(e 
and habit, (with the Ke/?J pritty well, f as Birds \n Cages ufe to 
ji;hijile their Old Notes- ) '. . 

Yet I fay, jhis Dean being known by T^his Bold-Confident- 
Dunce-Clark^ ( who you rriuft know took himfclf to be a kind of 
Pot-Wit) to have N^ 5^'^ at all in the Art of Mufickj^ iheDean^ 
I fay, upon a Time (after Prayers) coming out and following Ti^is 
Crcat-JoUy-BooH'Fellow^ and as he was pulling off his Surplice^ be- 
gan io Rebuke him JIhirply., (and indeed \cxy jujily ) for a Grojs 
Abfnrdity committed by Him in 7h at very Service lime^ by reafbn 
©this Great-DunJiical-infufftciency in Singing of an Anthem alone 3 
in which he was fo Notoriottjly and Ridicfdotijly Out, as cau(ed A 11^ 
or moft of the Toung People then prefent, to burft out into Laugh- 
ter, to the Great Blemijl) of the Church-Sorvice^ and the Dijljottour 
of God, (at That Time, and in That Place. ) 

But Thf^ it fell out, ( in fhortjl viz. that after the Angry Dean 
had Ruffled him (bundly in very fmart Language, (b that he 
thought he had given him shame enough for his Injuficiency and 
Duncery 3 

How think ye This Blade came off? 

Why, mofl Notably, and in fuch a manner as made all theftan- Theftrang-* 
c'ers by Wonder and Admire Hi m --y venting himfelf in Thefe very ^"a fhroTd 
Words, (for I my (elf was both an Eye and Earwitnefs) with a wit of an ig- 
mo^Jiern Angry Countenance, and a vehement Rattling Voice, even "f ""Au^re"^'' 
Co as he made the Church Ring withall, faying, Sir-r-r-r ( (baking 
his head J I'd ha' you knovV I Sing after the Rate of fo much a. 
Tear, (naming his Wages ) and except ye Mend my Wages, I am 
refolvd Never to (ing Be: ter whil!i I live. 

Hark ye Here, Gentlemen I was there ever a more Nicking piece 
offirewd Wit, (o fuddenly fhew'd upon the Occafion, than This 
■was .<? Yea, or more Notable and Efi&ual to the f'urpofe <? as you 
(hall hear, by the ^e^we/. 

For the Cholerick^Dean ^vas (b fully and jkfjiciently Anfiperd, that 
turning immediately a.way from him, without onervord more. He 
Hafted out of the Church, but Never after found the leaft Fault 
with 7hk Jolly Brave Clark^'-, who was Hugg'd more then (ufEcient- 
ly bv all the ReU of the Puny-Poor-Fellon>-CUrks-, for Thk his He- 
roic k_Vindi cat ion and fF/7. 

I have here (et down This Story out of no Jocundity, or jf^'^/j" 
Light-Humour, {God knows J but only to (hew what Confidence 
many (uch Ignorant Clarks have grown up unto, raeerly as it were 
to fijrowd themfelves in their Inj»jficiency f, and (eemingly like- 
wife to JuUifie the fame, only for want of Better or more fufBcient 
Allowances. 

* Therefore that they might be void of AllExcufe, and alfo be in An affureJ 
a Capacity to be Able Performers, there can be but One way toEfieSt oTairExcufc 
it 3 whichis, thatif itwere;?i?(/?^/e,T^e/r/F4^e'j'might be£»/«rg'4 '^°'" ^^."'" 
lb that They might be taken oiF, from all other Imployments what- th^ctoS''^ 
ever, and wholly attend and wait upon the Church, and Its Ser- 
vice j by which means they would not only have All the oppor- 

E 2 tunifies 



28 



Cathedra!/ M.uftc\. 



An afTured 
way to ftop 
all the mouths 
of the Adver- 
faries of This 
Service. 



A way propo. 
fed for a pre- 
fenc Help. 



tumtks imaginable for their improvements in the Art^ whereby to 
gain perfeli sktli-, S^c. but alio it would be no fmall Inducement 
( but a majn Motive ) to Encourage^ or win Them to Sanllified and 
Tiotfs Lives and Conversations j the which queftionlefs would lb 
Amplijie and Adorn ( yea make Amiable) the 7x>hole Service^ that 
the very worft of its Enemies^ muft neceflarily (at leaft)y?<?/> their 
months from fiea^ing Evil either againft: It or Them, ( which too 
many do 5 ^ if not alfo be a means whereby to draw Them into a 
Love and Delight of That Service. 

This I humbly conceive may be a Eu/inejs worthy Confidera- 
tion •-, But which way to bring it to pafs is the Great Difficulty^ for 
want of Open-hearted New Benefa£lors, which we are utterly deBi- 
iute of in Thefe our Days. 

However, I am not douhtfull but I fhall here propofe a Way^ 
both very Natural and fuitahle, if it may only find Favour in 
the Eyes of our Reverend and worthy Makers and Rulers of our 
Churchy ( for it folely depends upon their Coodnefs, Good-wills and 
Kindnefs. ) 

The way is This, viz, That confidering there is Much given by 
the old Founders and BenefaBors in Good Lands for Ever, toward 
the maintaining of the Church, its Officers and Services ^ And all 
which Lands, have undoubtedly been mightily Improved, as to 
the Increafe o^ Rents, for Stipends, Wages ov Dividends, &c. 

If therefore, in regard ot This:, and alfo, that the Poor Claris 
Proportion oi^ Lands (if any fuch may be thought to be, which in 
Reafon might well be conceived to be ) yet Jiands at ajiaj, and no- 
thing at all Improved fince the Jirjl beginning, by any fi'g^!s of. In" 
creafe coming to Them, ("Poor men. J 

And that the feeming preftnt urgent necejfity of Augmentation 
in That ki»d does fo plainly appear, and as it were Cry out aloud 
for fome Relief ox Ajjijiance, and no other Hopes or ExpeBation in 
any kind ( efFedual ) can Probably be Thought upon, Hoped for, 
or Expe&ed. 

I fay, if therefore ( in This fad Cafe ) They Themfelves would 
pleafe to be fo kind, as to Condefcend a little, and allow Them fome- 
thing ( if not the whole ) of fuch Improvements, Proportionable to 
Thofe Ancient (former denominated) Statutable Wages of 8, 10, 
or 1 2 /. a year, e^c to the prefent very needfull fupport of Them 
and the Service '-> the Bufnefs Cno queftion) might ("m This re- 
fpeftj be Effi^ually done. 

And This I prefume cannot be thought an Vnfuitable, Vnna- 
tural, or Vnreafonable Remedy or way, and therefore may as 
Reafonable be allow'd an Humble Defire , or a Longing Ex- 
peBation. 

But if This cannot be Had, Things are like to fland as They do^ 
without any Hopes of Refinement or Improvement. 

And thus I humbly leave them to the Wife, Juji, and Piotff 
Confiderations of All Thofe who have to do, and are chiefly con- 
cern d in This Great and mofi Eminent Affair of our Chnrch- 
Miftck. 

Very 



How the Bufi- 
nefs might be 
much affifled, 
in cafe of no 
more Eene- 
faftors. 



Qathedrall Aiufic\, 



^9 



Very much more might be (aid (in divers and fiandry Parti- 
culars) concerning This Bufinefs oi Cathedral Mnfich^x, EutThcfi 
Trvo chiefly being the Principal and Main Confiderabk ihings^ 
whereby our Service can poffibly be thought any way to be ll/u- 
Jirated^ (^ md by No other voay ImaginaLle ) for if T/»ey were once 
ferfeBly and ft£icie»tly Effi&ed^ they would confequently draw 
after them, or to them, whatever elfe might be thought needful! '-> 
Therefore I iay, ihe^e Two Things^ viz. the Thinncfs or Weakmfs 
of moft of Oar ^tires, and the too lovp Wages or Allowance of the 
prefent few Clar^, would mcejfarily be provided for, or elfe it is 
in vain to think of^ or expeft any lUuHration of That Service^ 
otherwife then what at the prefent we now enjoy. 

Therefore I fhall here conclude All, with my very Hearty 
Trayers^ and Fervent Dejire, that (as This moji lUiiJlrio^ and Bell 
Piece o^ oxxxPublickjChnrch-Service to the Almighty^ has in All Ages 
been had in high veneration and efteem amongft the Saints and 
Servants of God, even from the firft Inftitution of it, all along down 
through the Law 2ind the Gojpel, until This day J it might ftrll 
FloiiriJJ) , and more and more appear to be ("what indeed it is^ if 
K\ght\y performed) THE MOST EXCELLENT AND MOST 
GLORIOUS , THING IN THE WHOLE WORLD. 

Which that it may. 

The Cod of all Harmony, bring into Concord and Perfeli Vnity 
All Dijfentingy Jarring, and DifiordingChriUians, fo that they may 
have a Right Difcerning of the True Worjioip and Service of Him --i 
And if it be poiuble, that they might Joyn Hearts, AffeUions, and 
Voices in the pMick^Ajfemhiies 5 in Zeal to God, and Love to one 
another. 

By which means only, might our ChriJiiaH Oblations, and Sacri~ 
fices of Praife, Thanksgiving and Adoration, be both Augmented^ 
Refined and lUuflrated, and alfb affuredly Acceptable unto Him 5 
As are Thofe of the CeleSlial Quires Above, whole Eternal fVorl^ and 
Recreation is. Only Singing, and Rejoycing before Him the Efernal 
Beings in Vnntterabh and Vnconceivable Allelnjahs. 

Glory be to God. 

The end of Cathedrall Muficl^ 



Thefe two 
main things 
provided for, 
vsould draw 
All whatever 
elfe is needful. 



The high Ve- 
neration in all 
Ages had unto 
This Service. 



No Illuftrati. 
on Gonceiva. 
blelike This, 
and which 
muft Deeds be 
Acceptable 
unto the Al« 
Blighty. 



AN 



9 



50 Cathedra II Ainfick^, 



An EPISTLE 

To all Ignorant "Defpifers 

OF THIS 

Divine Part of M U S I C K. 

Kind Ignoramus, -who foe* re Thou art^ 
l^ot ha'vittg Skill in This nioji Glorious Art ^ 
Nor k^iowing Note^ and Carelefs ere to Learn, 
I prithee Read This Book : Tbott*It then Difcern 
Thy Grofs Dcfe£i ; and th' great Neceffity 
Of'Lesirnmgfomething in This Myftery. 

Bnt now I thinh^ont^ kB Thou /houldeH Crutch 
So Hard a Task, and thinly fucb Pains too much, 
rie for Thy fake a {hotter way contri've^ 
And Here m Thefe ferp Lines my Counfel gi've : 
Bntjjrji Fie ash^ Thee This one Queftion, 
Which k a Queftion worthy Thinking m. 

And This it is, 

' What think'^ Thou Mufick was ordained for ? 

* That Thing which Angels Love, and Devils Abhor j 
' ThatThing which Evil Spirits doth Expell ^ 

' That Thing which clearly differs Heav'n from Hell •, 

' That Thing which Bcft of Men do chiefly Ufe ^ 

' That Thing which Worft of Men moji what Refufe i 

^That Thing which fnre's (^f Chiefeft Excellence, 

' Next to Divinity V Preheminenc^ ', 

' That Thing which in High Heav'ns Angelick Qiiire, 

^Both Cherubins, 4«c^ Seraphins Admire j 

* That Thing in which th' Enthroned Hofts do Praife 
' The Lord of Life, in Everlafting Layes h 

' That Thing which all along in Churches Story, 
' Both]ews ^a<s?Chriftians us' d for Cod*s (true) Glory : 
' They h^ew 'mongH Arts no Better Art than This ; 
*N<?, none fo Good to fmt Heav'ns Myfteries. 

This 



Qathedrall Muficf^' 



31 



This Art Excelleth All rvithont Controul ; 

The Faculties it mo'veth of the Soul : 

Jt Jiifles Wrath, it caufeth Griefs to ceafe ; 

It doth excite the Furious Mind to Peace : 

Itjiirf up Love, Increafeth Good Defires ^ 

To Heav'n alone^ its Center, it Afpires, 

It kindles Heav'nly Raptures, and doth mah^ 

That Soul that's thus enflam*d for to partaJ^ 

0/ Heav'nly Joys. — ^~ — • 

And canji Thou thin\that God made This^rnought ? 

Or that Its My fienes pou!d not be fought, 

But ^enegleftcd by His Chiefeft Creature 

Man ? f 

Oh fie ! Oh fie I Sure, fure The Wife Creator 

Did not intend It fo to be Neglcfted ; 

But by Thy wife Regard to be Kefpedicd ; ' - 

And fought into j and Labour'd for •-, and Us'd , 

But Great Care tah^n^ Not to be Abus'd, 

As 'tis too much by moft : But Mufick Right, 

y4»^/RightJy Us'd, No better SoqIV-Delight. 

Thelc are fnch Certain Truths, none<:<««deny5 
The Scn^tar ejpea!{s them plain, much more then T. 
Kead, Read Thofe Sacred Texts ith' Margent Quoted^ 
Then fure Thou'lt think Thcnoi worthy to be Noted j 
If any ^p^ri^of Love-Divine be in Thee 
^nto God's Glory, doubtlefs then they I win Thee 
"Not only to the Love of This High Art, 
But alfo moi/e Thee flrive to bear Thy Part 
In This fo Heav'nly dt«(5^fublime a Thing, 
In which the Angels, and Archangels Sing 
Eternal Allelujahs to Heav'ns King. 

This out of Great-good-will to Thee J write^ 
Hoping it may help Tune thy Soul aright. 



iChron.a^.j; 

ch. z$. 7. 
Eph.j. i8,i9€ 
Colo^ii5. _ 
Pfa.37.Pfa.4,-.J 
Pfa.i7.Pfa.8i*. 
Pfa.jz.Pfa 95. 
Pfn 9.< P'-i 9g. 

1 CliiOi'.. 1 .•• 
«,7, 8 ch.if- 
i6, i8= z Chr. 

19.25; 16,17, 

aSch, 50.11. 
Judg.s.Ex.15; 
Ezra j 10,11. 

2 Sam. 6. f. 
2 Chron. y. 



Kead^ Read Thofe Quoted Places *, Read ^«rFour, 
And if Thou like them not, then Read no more. 



THE 



5^ 




o 



^ 






1 

I 



O 

U 



< 



^ 

^ 



a 



iiiiiSiiSiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 
fiiifiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiif 

The Seconds and CIVIL Tart : - 

OR, 

The LUTE made Eafie. 

A Recreative Praeludium to This Whrl^ 
of the LnjTE-'P A\r. 

BEING 

A "Dialogue between the JHJTHO^ arid 
His L'-UTE : The Lute complaining 

fadly of Its Great Wrongs and Injuries, 

With fomething Kemark^bk Jidjoyning, in Reference 
to the Language of MV SICK, 



w 



Author. W" "Jr "TUat maj^s Thee fit fo Sad , m^ 

Noble Friend, 
As if Thou wert ( with Sot- 
rows) near Thy End ? 
What h the Caufe^ my Dear.Renowned-Lutc;^ 
Thou art of late fo Silent, and fo Mute? 
Thou feldofn dofk in Publick now appear j 
Thou art too Melancholly grown //eir. 

Lute. What need you <i/J^Thefe Queftiofts tphy *tps fo ? 
Since 'tis too obvlousyz*** All ilien to know. 
The World is grown fo Slight ; full of New Fangles, 
And tah^s their Chief Delight in Jingle- Jangles : 
With Fiddle-Noifes ^ Pipes of Bartholmew, 
Lij^e thofe which Country- Wives huy^ Gay and New, 
To pleafe their Little Children when they Cry : 
This mah^s me fit and Sigh thus Mournfully. 
Author. Alsis my Dear I too fenpble I dm 
Of thy Juft Grief J Therefore I hither came 

F to 



34 (^^IVr^Iudiumto Thislf^orJ^. 



¥ 



To Comfort Thee, if pojjibly I mighty 

And let Thee hiiow^ I mean to do thee Right. 

Lute. HoTP can that be^fince Fame ha^ Cry'd me down 
With That Fools-Bolt, Vm out of Fafliion grown ? 

Author. Fear Thou it not \ for fuch a Courfc Tletak^^ 
J do not doubt ^ Thee many Fiiends to mah^. 

Lute. 7 doubt it much^ for fever al Keafons vphy\ 
Tm Injur'd not with One, biit^ Many a Lye : 
Befide^s^ Vm Tortur'd much jv/^/^ Fumbling-Fools, 
And oft Abus'd by Bunglers, and Their Tools. 

Author, 'this is confefs'd. All which Iknow^aud mart 
Thdn Thou canji fay^ with what Thouji faid before, 
1 here's nought of thy Concern but I it hnow^ 
And foon can 'jpie Thy Friend out from Thy Foe : 
7hou mayU not Thus Defpair, Lute, Defpair I doi 
Old Dowland he is Dead \ R. Johnfon too , 
Two Famous Men •■, Great Mafters in My Artj 
In each o/'Them I had more than One Part, 
Or Two, or Three ^ They were not Slngle-Soul'd, 
Some Asmoji our * Upftarts are^ and too too Bold. 
thin Com- ^^^" ^f*^^ Them, that Famqm man Gotiere 
pofeis of Did mah^ me Gratefull in each Noble Ear j 
^'^ ^^' He's lihewife gone: I fear me much that I 

Am not Long-liv'd, hut p^ortly too fhall Dye. 

Author. Chear uf^ Brave Soul ! Andh^ow that fomd 
Tet Living, who for Thee will tahefuch Care, (there are 
That Thou fhalt be ReftorM Thy former Glory, 
And be Eterni'z'd to Eternal Story. 

Lute. I h^ow I ha've fome Friends which yet do Live, 
But are fo Few, can fcarcely make me Thrive : 
My Friend Jo. Rogers, He's The only Man 
Of Fame ; HeH do me All the Good he can : 
But He grows Old now i has not long to flay ; 
And when He's gone, go Hang my felf I may 
^pon the Willows, or where elfe I liB^ 
And there may long enough fo Harfg, I wifi^ 
"Ere any Take me down. Author. Come^ come forbear 
Such Penfive Thoughts ^Thefe j Cafl off Thy Fear, 
And know^ ' All Things their Revolution hai^e , 
* The Great Creator, He This Order ga'ue 

To 



fiA Tr^ludium to This iVor^ 3 ^ 



' To his Chief Worh^mtn Nature, that he Jhould 
^ AU Things in This fame manner Turn and Fold 
* %)pon that Wheel which ever turns them Korpn^ 
' One while they're Up, another while they're Down : 
' 'Tis now your Lot to he Below ^^« fee^ 
' But Up you Jhall again as Certainly. 

Lute, foufpeak^fome Comfort. Au. Doubt it not J fay ^ 
It is fo fure, as Night is to the Day j 
True worth can ne're decay, 

Lu. I'm much Refrefh'd \ my Heart you hugely Chears 
But yet methinj^s I ha<ve fome little Fear, 
Becaufe 'mongH all the Books of fundry Arts, 
There's not One ^ook yet writ of my Deferts, 
Which gi'ves both Full and Certain Rules whereby 
To he Aflifting to Pofterity 
Jn my Beloved Art. Auth. 'Tvs true^*tis fo : 

Now for Your better Comfort, ^o« Jhall k»ow^ 
There is a Friend of Yours, Vie not yet Name^ 

If 'very Ready for to do The fame 'j 

And fully hath intended It fiall be 

Fut into Print ; the which e*re long you I fee : 

This for your Comfort tah^. Lu. Tm much RevivM i 

But is It made, or yet to be Contriv'd ? 
Auth. 'Tis almoji wholly made^ andfo near done ^ 

As is the Day, near fetting of the Sun. 
Lute. I joy, I ioy ; Chear up my Grieved Hearty 

And all my Drooping Spirits, come bear a Part ; 

^nits your fehes in Chearfulnefs and Mirth, 

Tet longing for That Day of our New-Birth* 

Chorus, 
We All Unite and Jojn in Joyful! Mirth, 
And Long for That Good Day of our New-Birth 3 
In which we'l Triumph, in Harmonious Chear, 
And keep That JUBILE-DAY Year after Tear. 

The Language of Mufick confirmed, 

BEloved Reader, you mufh h^oW^ the Lutes 

\ That LUTES could Speak ere you could fo 5 Language. 

There has been Times whenThey haz/e been 
DISCOURSERS unto King an^ Qyeen ; 

F 2 To 



3^ atJ ^Ti^ludium to This Work^ 

To Nobles, andthe Higheft Peers j 
And Free Accefs had to Their Ears 
Familiarly 5 fcarce pafs'd a Day 
Jhey woitld not Hear rvhat Lute would fay i 
But fure at Night, though in Their Bed, 
Iheyd Liften well what then She faid. 

She has Difcourfesycj fublime, 
No Language yet in Any Time 
Had Words fufiicient to define 
Her Choice Expreflions fo Divine. 

Her MatterV of fuch High Concern, 
No Common Folks can It difcern i 
'Twos ne'er intended for the Kudc 
And Boifterous-Churlilli-Multitude ; 
But for Thofe Choice-Refined-Spirits 
Which Heav'nly-Raptures oft Inherits. 

' 'Tis fttejifure for fijch as They 
' Who Contemplate and UzWy Pray '•, 
''Who hai>e their Souls Divinely Bent 
' To Serve their God, with Hearts Intent .* 
' Such Students as Thefe be can Spell 
' Her meaning out •, and oft can telly 

* By Her Infpiring-Influence, 

* What is Her Choice Intelligence : 

* Tet want they Words for to exprefs 
' Such Raptures as Jhe doth polT'efs 

"" J heir }sA mds wit hall -^ and niah^s Them be 

' L?% Men Infpir'd, through Harmonic '-, 

' This is no Fi61:ion, but well known 

' To Some, though not to Every one. 
The various But if you doubt ojf This, you may 
ofRlei?^^ Co^pder well All men how They 

Are fe'z/eral ways Endowed -J fame bs 

As 'twere Cut out for Myfterie : 

Others again^ fo Hugely Dull, 

Ihat nought of Art comes near their Skull 5 

Tet He who e're had Ripeft Wit, 

And made the Higheft Ufe of It 

In Arts that e're was h^own ; e'v'n He 

Came O^ovt of knowing Myfterie 

In 



cL/f Tr^U4dmm to Tim iVork^, 



37 



In General : He had his Bound^ 
Mh Limiration/wre He fomid: 
And though ih'. moji hh didY.y.cc\\ 
hi Chiefefl: Knowledge ; yet to Spell 
He muji again ', and JJjew that He 
Is lon'rant in mofi: Things that be • 
And 'very fnv attain fo High, 
1o under jiufid This Myfterie. 

Tet that It may appear more plain^ 
Tie injiance to you once again 
In one Comparifon, which You 
Will not deny^ bnt fay 'tis True. 

He who confiders Right atid well 
How Beafts^wc/ Birds their Stories tell 
To One another Certainly, '' 

And yet jio Words f/j^^y/'^^i^ Plainly j 
But by That Language which is givn 
In Nature, (^by Decree from Heav'n) 
They Underftand undotihtedly 
]Each others Speech, as well as we 
X)o our own Words, which we do fay, 
Af by Experience fee yon may: 
Ifyoiil regard with ftedfafi: EyeS, 
And dive into fuch Mvfteries. 
Ton I find that Nothing's Plainer then 
That BRUTES have Speech as well as MEN. 

A little f tilth er fill Vie go 
. And fpeah^of what I cannot know 5 
Tet do believe /> to be fo^ 
And doubt not but you I do fo too. 
Confider h^w that Spirits ufe 

^Though not by Words) for to infufe 

Their Meanings to each other fo^ 

That Each, Each others Meanings h^ow. 
Though Words % Men a Language be^ 

Tet fomething elfe we may well fee 

l)'>es do the Office ofthefame^ 

But not a. Word, or Letter N^we. 
Why may not Lute then Tell to me, 

( Who know Her Hidden My fterie } 



The Laii- 
p!;uage of 
Birds and 
Beafts. 

The Lan- 
guage of 
Nature* 



The Lan- 
guage of 

Spirits. 



The CoEfe- 
quence. 



$uch 



3^ 



(^ Tr^hidimn to This IVork^ 



TheCompa- 
I ifon made 
good from 
Divinity. 



* Tnfus'd, 
Of Infpir'do 



Such Stories as I Underftand, 
Though fome in Them are at a ftand, 
As to the Couchant Scnce therein^ 
Being chiefly fleas' d with That fweet Din 
Which Gratefull is to th* Outward Sence, 
But wants th* Inward Intelligence. 

To clear this by Comparifon, 
In Aptnefs here Tie gi've yoK One. 

'Tis h^oxvn even in Divinity, 
There lies the felf-fame Myftery j 

The outward Meanings many k^ow 
0th* Texts oth' Scripture, and can jherp 
By words fignificantly good, 
The proper Meaning under flood 
Of This or That Difcourfe ; they I tell 
According to Right Reafon well. 

' Tet beyond This a Secret lyes^ 

* Htdfrom all outward Ears and Eyes j 
' And!s only to the Inward Sence 

' ferceii/d^ by Divine Influence. 
' This^ True Divines can furely tell^ 
' Who by Experience hj^ow it well 5 
' There is an Inward Ear and Sence, 
' Which is the fvery Qyinteflence 

* O/Mans true Undcrftanding Part, 
' N(?r to be attain d by Humane Art 5 

(Much lefs to be exprefs'd, ) 

* But 'tis * Innate, and to Him giv'n 

' By God alone j (a Gift from Heav'n.^ 

/ might from hence Long Stories tellj 
But I will here no longer dwell 5 
Tie haflen to my Work away. 
Only This One Thing / tpill fay ; 

No LANGUAGE is of greater lorcetome,' 
Than is the Language of LUTE'S Myfterie. 



The 



}9 



The Second Tart. 

The LUTE made EaiGe. 



Chap. 1. 

THat the LVTe was a Hard or very Difficult InltrHment. 
to Play well upon, is confeffed 5 And the Rcafonx why, 
fhall here be given : But that it is lS!ow Eajie^ and very 
Familiar, is as Certainly True 5 And the Reafom fliall likewid- be 
given. 

The Firii and Chief Reafi'n that it was Bard in former Times, The firftan^ 
was, Becaufe they had to their X«^f/ but Few Strings •■, viz. to ciiiefReafon 
fome 10, fome 12, and fome 14 strings, which in the beginmt7g was Hard, by 
of my Time were alraofl: altogether in Vfe-^ ("and is this preferit fevvnefs of 
Year 1675. Fifty four years fince //r/? began to undertake T/6^^ Strings. 
Inilrument. J 

But foon after, they began to adde more Strings unto Their 
tntes, fo that we had Lutes of 1 6, 1 8, and 20 Strings 5 which they 
finding to be fo Great a Convenience, ftayed not long till they 
added more, to the Number of 2^, where we iidw xe{k fatisfied ; 
only upon my Theorboes I put 26 Strings, for Ibme Good Reafons 
I lliall be able to give in due Time and Vlace. 

Now (having but yety^i^/ fo) I will Pr^z^e it very manifcftly ; Proved ijy 
Thus therefore 5 GocdReafoa. 

To be expected to Pei-form innch, and to be Conjuid and Limi- 
ied to Straitnefs , or Narrow jsoknds , certainly mufi: needs be 
concluded more Difficult, than where there is Liberty, Scope, and 
Freedom. 

This is the very Cafe between the Lutes o/iFormeY Times, and 
the Lutes olThis prefnt Age. 

Yet a little more ful/y, efpecially to Thofe who are Vnexpe- 
rienc'd in the Art or Inurnment. \ 

You muft know, that he who undertakes the Lute, will meet 
"with things becoming the Lute, viz, Compofures o^ Tarts, with 
much variety o^ Trebles, Bafes, and Inner Parts. 

All which upon the Old Lutes , by reafon of the Fewnefs of 
Strings, was freally) extreme Hard to perform. 

And from Thence chiefly did it derive the name o£ Hardnefe, or vulgar Er- 
a Hard InUrttment ; which ever fince Cthroueh the Ignorance of ''°"'"f '^°°"' 
People) hath continued upon It. 

Whereas Now, ( oh the contrary ) as Really as it was Thert 
Hard, (b Truly is it become Edjie, and very Familiarly Pkafant to 
the Learner, by reafon of the Increafe of Strings. 

I Secondly^ 



40 



The Qml Tart ; or. 



A SecondRea- 
fon is, from 
the Workmen 
in thofe days. 



A Third Rea- 
fon, from the 
Clofenefi of 
Maflars. 



<I5> 



Note, thai 
rarely not a- 
bove one or 
two Eminent 
Lute-Maflers 
in an Age, 



Secondly, The Work^men of Thofe Times did not Lay their 
Lutes (b tpell^fine^ and eafie for the fingers^ as now by experience 
our late Worhctnen have been inform'd to RcCtiJie 5 which is a very 
great, yea a main matter in thc^ye of the Lute. ( A more parti- 
cular explanation of tA^, (hall be when I come to ihew the whole 
Order of the hrjirumeftt. ) 

A Third and very Confiderable Reafon is, From the Clofenefs 
ofMaJiers in the Art, who ("all alongj have been extreme shie m • 
revealing the Occult and Hidden Secrets of the Lute. 

The French ("who were generally accounted Great Miajlers ) 
feldom or never would prick, their Leffons as T:hey Vlayd them^ 
much lefs Reveal any thing ("further than of neceflity they muftj 
to the thorough underftanding of the Art, or Injiritment, which 
I (hall make manifefl and very flain. 

Nor was there, nor yet is there Any Thing more conftantly to 
be obferved among Majiers, than to be Very Sparing in their Com- 
munications concerning Opennejs, Plainnejs, and Frcenep 5 either 
with Parting with their Lejfons, or Imparting much of Their SkjU 
to their Scholars j more than to ftiew them the Ordinary may how 
to play fuch and fuch Lejjbns. 

This hath been, and ftill is the Common Humour , ever fince 
my Time. 

* So that it is no marvel, that it continues Dark, ^nd Hidden to 
' AU, excepting fbme Fetp, who make it thtir chief Work.to PraCiife, 

* and Search into its Secrets. 

* Which when they have done, and with Long Pains, and much 
' Labour obtained, THEY DYE, AND ALL THEIR SKILL AND 
*EXPERJENCE DYES WITH THEM. 

* So that the next Generation is ftill to feek., and begin again 
' a-'Nevp, for fuch Attainments. 

' And it may be noted, That feldome in an Age appears above 
' One or Two who are Excellent or Rare Artijis in This k^nd. 

'So that Cto Aiagnijie, and make Themjehes more lUuJlriom ) 
'they keep All clofe to Themfelves, communicating Nothing but 
' upon a Pecuniary Account. 

' This muft needs make EaJFe Things Hard, and Long before they 

* be known in a General way, fb as they may become Eajie. 

' Whereas, if fuch kfiovping MaUers, would be fb k!"d to their 

* Fellow-Creatures, as to Reveal and Difcover their Knowledge and 
' Experience (whilfl They Livd) more freely, or at leaft leave it be- 

* hind them to be publifhed to the world for a Common Good after 
' their Deceafe, it would much redound to the facilitating of the 

* Art, and Gratifying of Pojierity. 

' Which by the Grace of God I will make my Buflnefs to do, ac- 

* cording to my Befi Abilities, and Vnderjlanding in the Art. 

' And if to th* Purpofe it I Jhall not doe^ 
' Say^ Good- will wa^ mt wzntingthereunto. 



Thus 



l^he Lute made Eafle. 



41 



Thus much I think may be fufficicnt to gain Beliefs that the 
Ltite iTiufl: needs have had fiich Impediments^ by rea(bn of which,it 
mtght well be accounted a Hard InUmment, 

The which being taken away, I doubt not but it will appear 
both Eafie^ and very DelightfitU. 

Now I will give you Ibrtie Reafins why it is become Eafle ^ and Thefirfi Rea- 
ls, by the Increafe of Strings , which (although it may £eem a Riddle Lute is' be- 
to IbmeJ is moft True. come Eafie, 

And here you muft take notice, that when we fay a Lute of 1 2 R^aller™'"^ 
Strings^ there are but 6 , and likewife a Lute of 24 stritigs, there .^ 

are but 1 2, fas to fiibflantial Vfe-) 

For we always Tune andjlrik§ treo Strings together as ou^. 
So that in the Old Time upon their Lutes of 12 Strings (as to 
ufe ) they had but 6 : Therefore were they conftrain d to ex- 
treme hdrdj crofsy and wringing Stops^ both above and below upoij 
the Finger-board. 

Yea, fuch Stops have I feen, that I do ftill wonder how a Mans 
Hand could ftretch to perform (bme of them, and with fuch fvpifi- 
nefs of Time as has been (et down. 

Whereas Ntfw, by the Addition oCjix Ranks of Strings^ All thofe "** 

hard crofs-graind Stops are tmdone , and brought to a Natural . 

Form^ and Aptitude for the Hand j And are Co very Eafe^ that an half an hour 
Ingenious Child in hxlf an hours time, may readily Form its Hand ^bie to per- 
to the whole Number of Hard Stops, ordinarily in u(e,and generally dJftftops^ufil 
Requirable for the neceffary Icope o£ Lute-play. on the Lute, 

The which I (hall moft plainly DemonJirate, when I come to in^ 
form the Learner and (et down the Rudiments thereof. 

Again, There is found by Experience a Better manner of Laying 
ourLutei, fas we term it) which is done, by caufing the Fz»ger- 
board, I. to lye a little Round,OY Vp in the middle 5 as alfo that 
the Bridge (anlwerably) rife a little Round to it. 

Then 2dly. to lay the Strings fo clofe to the Finger-hoard^ that 
the Strings may almoft feem to touch the firfl Fret. This is call'd 
Laying of a Lute Fine, when all the Strings lye near the Frets. 

5dly. Laying the Ranks of Strings fo carefully, that the Pairs may 
be conveniently Near, and the Ranks pritty wide. 

By which meails we have a more ready and certain Command 
over them, for neat and clean Tlay. 

The(e things were not in the Old Lutes fo regarded, as may ftill 
appear hy mzny oC Them, yet to be met withall. 

'The Injirument-makers were not Then acquainted With. That 

* Secret, which affuredly is (uch an extraordinary Great Advan- 
' tage to the Hand 5 That \iTwo Equal flayers of a years ftanding, 
' Ihould either of them take up a feveral Lute, the one well Layd, 
'and order 'd as I have defcribed 5 and the other III Lay d, (as were 

* generally the old Lutes) it would be judg'd by their difference in 

* Play, that the One having learn'd a Tear., the Other had not learn'd 
' above a Quarter. 

' This I do affure you is a moft Certain Truth. 
* Therefore you may very well conclude from thefe Reafons 

Q 'only, 



A fecond Rea- 
fon why eafierj 
m 3 Refpefts, 



Note. 



42, 



whence the 

nameofHard- 

ncfsisderiv'd. 



Advantages 
from rheAr- 
tifl included. 



Some of them 
named. 



A wofvifl mif- 
ehiefto Lear- 



ners. 



83=* 



The Qhil ^^art ; oi 



' only, there mufi: needs be a Great Facility in Playing upon Thefe 
' Lt{tes of 0«r Time^ more than upon Thofi of the old Time : From 
' whence hath come, and (till remains moji Faljlji.^ the name of 
* Hardneff. 

Now befides all Thefi Reajd/;s for Advantage utid Eafinefs, 
(which I doubt not but do (eem apparent to the Reader ) being 
only in the InBrument^ which Time and Experience hath reformed ^ 
It will not be unreafonable to conclude, but that there are, or 
may be likewife feveral other Advatitages from the Artifi^ whereby 
the Work may be made more Eafie. 

Otherwile we have laboured many years in Vain^ which wouW 
be too great a Di^aragement unto us of This frefent Age to be 
Guilty of ^ fince it is generally (een and known, that in All Arts ^ 
Time and Experience finds out more Compevdious and Ready ways 
to perfeU and accomplifi their Works in, than was known in the 
"Beginnifig and Infancy oiArts. 

I will nominate (ome Particulars here in reference to the 
Great Benefit of the Scholar^ and towards the facilitating of 
the Work; 

The Firft (hall be, I would ( by all meansj that the Scholar be 
taught to string his Injirument^ with Good and True Strings ; alfo 
to Fret it, and to know when the Frets ftand Right or Wrongs 
which may be eafily and quickly done. 

Secondly, That the Scholarhe taught ((b fbon as poffibly may 
be ) to Tune the Lute^ which likewife may in a reafonable Tims 
be done. 

For, the want of fiich skj^, is not only a great DifiouragemeTti 
to the Learners^ and alfb a great Hindrance to their Troficiency , 
but is a Grand Caufe of much Corruption of the True Difiiiiguiflnng- 
Mu{ical-F acuity of their Ear. 

For, long and much ufe of Playing with an Inflrument out of 
Tune-, does habituate and wont them (b to Falje Sounds^ that at 
laft they grow Carelefs, and Icarcely ever after become Good and 
Accurate Tuners. 

This I have prov'd by Experience: 

The Helps to aU This I fhall (et down in its proper place, wheril 
I come to inJiruCf my Scholar in the Documents of Lftte-play. 



CHAP, 



'7 he Lnte made Eafte. 



45 



Chap. II. 



NOw after all this that hath been 0id, I cannot but hope that 
7hofe many Falfe and Ignorant Out-cries againft the Lnte will 
be laid afide, and deem'd (as indeed they arej Falfe. 
r will here Name (omeofTAc/^, 
Firft, That it is the Hardefi Instrument in the World. 
Secondly, That it will take up the Time of an AfprenticeJJjip to 
play well upon It. 

Thirdly, That it makes Toung People grow awry- 
Fourthly, That it is a very Chargeable Injirument to keep ; (b 
that one had as good keep a Horje as a Ltite^ for Colli 
Fifthly, That it is a Womans Injlrttment. 
Sixthly, and Laftly, ("which is the moft Childijf] of all the reft) 
It is out ofFaJImn. 

I will here give a JJjort ( but True ) Anjwer to each of The[z 
jijperjions. 

And as to the Firft, viz.. that it is the HardeH InUrument^ &c. 
i (ilppofe my former Reafons may fufficiently convince any Reajon- 
able Terfon of the contrary h However (in that Thii^\s the main Ob- 
jelfion) I will fpend a little more labour againft it, than ag^ainft any 
of the Refi 5 And doubt not but (b clearly to ReSifie that Errour.^ 
that whofoever will rightly conlider vt'hat I ftiall here write con- 
cerning it, will never more give Credit to that Flim-Flam-lgnorani 
feying of the Fw/^^y. 

To which purpote I will make a Comparison betwixt the Lutt 
and the Viol. 

The Viol is confefs'd to be a vlaufible Injlrument \, and no 
Jfrightment to any Ferfon to undertake it , and in a Jjort time 
they do much upon it. 

Now that the Lute muft needs be Co Eajie as the Viol^ examine 
them Both after This Right manner, by way of Comparijbn 5 not 
comparing the Mufick^oi the one with the Mu^c^oC the other, fot 
that is confefs'd by All in General:, that the LUTE tS THE 
RAREST AND MOST EXCELLENT PORTABLE INSTRU- 
MENT IN THE WORLD, but barely as they are Injiruments, 
and as to the performance upon either. 

And in fuch a Comparifon we muft confider, t^hat it is that makes 
an InUriiment of Strings Hard or Eafie. 

The Anfwer to which muft be, The Number of Strings, and the 
Craving, OT stopping o^ That Number. Well thenj 

The Viol hath fx Strings, which are all ufed in Grajping or 
Stopping. 

The Lute likewife hath but j^at Strings, which are ufed in Graf 
ping or Stopping 5 For although it have 1 2 Strings', all the other 
Ranks of Bajfes are not ufed at all in Stopping : But only ftruck 
0pen with the Thumb, which ferve both to Amplifie the Harmony, 
as alfb very much to facilitate the Stops or Gra^s of thole other 
fix Strings. G 2 Now 



Common 
AfperfionS 
upon the 
Lutct 



The firft 
Afperfion 
anfweredw 



The Lute is 
proV'd as YA' 
fie, as is the 
Viol,byRea- 
fon. 



Wh«t makes 
an Inftrumenc 
of Strings 
hardoreafie. 



The Compa- 
rifon between 
the Lute and 
the Viol. 



44 The QiyifPan ; or. 



Now if T^xf be True, (as I appeal to All the Experienc'd Men 
in our ^talitj, whether Thishe: vxotTruly declared 5 J How then 
mufl: it not needs be, but that the Lute is as Eajte as the Viol .<? 

But to Thk I know it will be prefendy objefted, That Thoje 
BaJJes are very Hard to be Hit^ fo that the Lnte muft needs be 
Harder thereby. 

To which I anfwer, No. But on the contrary, the Lute-flay \s 
made far more Eajie ( '" ^^^ general fcope ) thereby, as I Ihall 
make appear. 

Now therefore that you may perceive what an Eafte matter it 
is, (vtz,.") to Hit thofe Jix BaJJes, ( which Thing in all my whole 
Progrefs o^ Teaching (Toung or Old) (eldom or never was above 

One quarter of an Hours vporkj)^ 

And to make you underftand the Eajinefs of it, confider it thus, 
in a plain and homely Comparifon, viz. 
An apt Com- Suppofe you had Eixd before you upon a Table, px or feven 
panfon. B.anks of Strings, in that nature as Country-Veople (many of them) 

have at the end of Ibme Cupboards, faftned on with T<!ails at each 
end 5 And fo, lifted up a little from the Table or Cupboard with 
finall Stones or Sticks-, to caufe them to rile and found from, 
the Wood, 

How eajily, I fay, could not any IngeMUOUf child ftrike Thofe (tx 
or feven Ranks in Order •■, Firft as refembling the Bells, and then 
lyith as little trouble ftrike them <?«f of Order \mo Changes^ And 
fb prefendy be able (looking off) to do the fame ? I fay, He or 
She who could not do fuch a thing pritty perfeftly in left thati 
a quarter of an hour, either would have a very 111 opinion of 
Themfelves for Blockjjhnefs ot Ddtiflmefs, or had caufe enough 
fb to have. 

Now the Truth i§, thole fix Rankj of the Lute Baffes T Which 
are never ftopt) have no other manner of ufe than thole upon 
the Country-? eoples Cupboards. 

Nay it (hall appear, they muft needs be Eafier to Hit certain. 
than fuch like of the Cupboard 5 becaufe the Country? eople do it 
without a Rule (and yet by Habit) vpell enough ; whereas we have 
an Infallible Rule by which we can fcarcely mifs, except on pur- 
pofe i, which is, the fetting down of the Little Finger in a certain 
place by the Bridge, fb that with opening the Hand by way of 
Span, we afcertain our felves (after a little ufe) with the Thumb 
to reach to what Bafs we plcafe, without the leaft impediment to 
any our other Performances. 

And now methinks 1 hear fbme fay, you will make the Lute too 

Eafie, if you go on in this manner* 

Half the Per- Why, truly I cannot tell how to fpeak otherwife than True : 

^tSiSmnd It is even fo, and no otherwife 5 And which to do, is Half the 

performance of the Right Hand 5 And the other Half, which is tq 

be performed with the Two fore-fingers, is (upon the matter) as 

The whole, Eafie,\^ not Eafier i So that there you have Half Lute-play already 

let forth. 

But I fliall begin my ffbr^out of Order j therefore I will break' 

ofT 



The Lme made Eafie. ^5 



off T^ff Diffffiirfe^ and defire yom Patience till I come orderlj un- - 
to it ; And then if you will but give me the Attentive Readings 
as alfo laying what you read to your Reafon and C07?Ji'dera- 
tion^ I do not doubt but I fhall be the occalion of mavy Good 
Lutemjls. 

Now by what has teen here declared, how can any Pvational Several Afper- 
man think the Lute the Hardeft InJlmmeKt in the World ? or that it Jhelif "'n 
is not, as I have explain'd it to ht^fuU as Eafie as the Fiol .<? SicT '''' 

I wijlj I were to try it out with any man for a Confiderable Wa- 
ger^ to fee what we cofdd bring a'coitple of Scholars tinto ( one upon 
the Lute^ and the other upon the Viol ) in the Jpace hut ofo?te Quar- 
ter of a Tear. 

But here I defire that none will make a Bad ConfiruUion of rhis 
my (eerrting Challejfge ; For I challenge None : neither will any, I 
hope, take it as an Affront, for truly I mean no liich thing 5 But 
only for the Lut^s fake, I fay. If I rvere challengd in fuch a way^ 
to try if I would make Good what I have thus ftt down here 
concerning the Lute 5 I fJmdd very gladly imbr ace the challenge, 
(aslfaid) for the Lutes fak^, and the Lovers thereof, that it fiould 
befecn I do affirm nothing, hut what I vponld mak§ Good by fuch an 
Adventure. 

Thus much againft the Firff Aj^erfion, viz. That the Lute is A 
Hard InUrument. 

That the L«/e will take up \h^rime of an Apprenticeflnp, before The fecond 
one can Play ivell w^on it, is a very Falfe Aj^erfion, and a manifeft Afperfion,and 
Injury done both unto It, and to all the Loveis of It : As by ma. l^^^""^^"^^ 
ny years Experience I can Juffife, and by eminent Performances 
upon that Injirument by divers very Worthy Perfons j Ce\eval Cuch 
at this prefent remaining in our Univerfity of Cambridge, who 
have not been at It from their firft undertaking yet a full Year 5 
and in one garter of a Tear could play extremely well, even to 
Admiration. 

I fhall forbear here to Name Them, left I may (in fo doing with- 
out their confmt) give an occafion o^ Offence. 

However in that This may be taken as an Excufe, and in that 
I have undertaken to prove the Falfity of the Lutes Afferftom, 
I will take the liberty of naming 0«e hrP^asafufficient^wVto Amoftabfo • 
this purpofe, who is my ToungeftSon, (named John Mace ^) And lute and fuffi'i 
has very lately undertaken both the Lute and Fiol, contrary to my T", ^''°°'^°^' 
expeftation or knowledge, till of late s nor have I Affiled Him fineftjc?'" 
much in either, fince I knew His drift. 

^ But as to His Performance upon the lute, I do here moll: Co- 
lemnly and really affirm, I have not taught him, nor fpent fo much 
time with him in the way of teaching, as in the whole (fince his 
firft beginning with it) will make up the quantity oUm Day:, 
( if I ftiould fay half a Day, I am affured I Lye not. ) 

_The Chief Advantage he has had towards it, has been the Perufal This was mtii 
of rhts my Work^fmce 1 made it i And at Chrifimafs laft was a '" *^ y<^ar 
Twelve^'-month, viz,, 167 1. there was not one word of it writ; '^'*" 
but fincc that time wholly Compos d thus as you fee. 

This 



4^ 



The Ciyil 'Pa>'t ; or. 



The thiri 
/fperfion 
anrwercd. 



The fourth 

Afperfiou 

aufwered. 



The fifth 
Afpcrfion 
snfwcred. 



This Toung Mdn (my Soti) has been indeed very Inquijitivs con- 
cerning the ^aturt of my Worh^^ and has fb far Divd into j/, as 
( to (peak modeUly^ yet ^rw/y of him ) I believe he widerUands it 
(ofit^ckntly^ and has gain'd a Hand upon the Lute Co Notahlj, for 
\i\sJl}orttimeoC Inj^eHion^ that let whomlbever pleafe (to inform 
7hef»felves of the 2r«f^ of what I have here writ) Call him out for 
My Witiiefs ^ who I hope (and doubt not but in ayZ»<?r/ time^ will 
make as Able a Ma[ter-Teacher both upon the Lute and Fiol, as 
need to Vndertake Them. 

I muft hePardou'd forThff my Co Jiravge, and JeemiKg-BoaJii/fg 
rcay in His Commendations ^ yet I neither Boajl^ nor purpofely 
fpeak in His Commendations •■, only for the Lutes^ and Truths Jal^^ 
(having, amongft many, none I may make fo bold with as I may 
with Him ) I do in this manner atteSi ( by This Proof J the ex- 
treme Falfity of This fecond Jjperfon upon It, viz. That One muji 
he an Apprenticejkip at It hefire they can Play well : which is Co ab- 
folutely Falfe, Thatldofiill afirm, that an Ingenuous Child may he 
made to Play very vpell in one garter of a Tear. 

Let thus much fuffice to C(fntradi&: Co Grofs a Mlfa^e. 

The third Aj^erfion upon the Lute is, That it caufeth Toung Folks 
to grero awry. 

To This I can only (ay, That in my whole Time ijfet fteverh^ew 
one Terfcn, Toung or Old, that grew Awry by That Vndertaki»g- 

Yet do believe it is pojjtble, if (through their own Negligence^ 
and their Teachers Difregard, and Vnsk^lfulnefs ) they be fuffcr'd 
to PraBife in an III and wrong Polinre. 

So may they do by fevcral other Exercifes and Imfloyments, 
( which is often feen. ) 

But let Them be firft fet Right to the Lnte^ according tofuch Di- 
rcBions as hereafter I pall fet down, itjball be impojjible for any Per- 
fon to grow Awry by Lute-play- 

This Ajj)erJion I doubt not but will appear Falje, like All the 
Refi, when you fliall ( with your Reafon J conjider of the Exa&nefs 
of my Rules and Order- 

That one had ai good k^ep a Horfe (^fir Cofi") as A Lute, is the 
Fourth OhjeUion. 

This likewifc is Co Grofs an Errour, that I have dif^rovd it all 
my Life long ^ and which All my Scholars will afirm, if need were ; 
of whom I never took more than fivejliillinzs the garter to main- 
tain each Lute rvith Strings 3 only for xhefrii Stringing I ever took, 
ten Jliillings. 

I do confefs Thofe who will be Prodigal, and Extraordinary Cw 
rious, may (pend as much as may maintain two or three Horfis, and 
Men to Ride upon them too, if they plea(e. 

But 20 s. per Ann* is an Ordinary Charge ; and much more they 
need not fiend, to praftife very hard. 

The Fifth Afperfion is, That it is a Womans InUrument. 

If This v/ertTrue, I cannot underftand why It (hould fufFer any 
Difiaragement for That , but rather that // (hould have the more 
Reputation and Honour. 



The Lute made Rape, ^7 

t-_ ^ ■ „___ 

I fuppofe I need not make any Arg%inimts to prove That. 

But according to iheh Sence of Aj^crfiofi^ I deny it to be a Wo- 
tna.ns Inlimment lb, as by That means it ftiall become Ufs ¥jt for* 
the Vfe of a. Man. 

For if" by That Saying They would infinuate. That it is a Weak^^ 
Feeble, Soft Inflmment, as to the (bund ^ what can that lignilie 
whereby to make it a Wonians Infimment more thin a- Mans ^ 

But whereas firft they fay, It is the Hardefi InUrmnent in the- 
World 5 That (hews They Contradi^ Themfelvcs in This particular 5 
and conclude by That Saying, If cannot (b properly be called a 
Womans Inflrnment, in regard They are the Weaker Vejfels 5 and 
therefore not fo Fit to fet upon and attempt the Majiery of Things 
offuch Difficulty. ^ 

Therefore if jftill They will needs put it upon the Woman, ^ (ay, 
the more fjamefor Them 5 And fo much for That. 

Now Lafl;ly,whereas They mofi sillily fay, It is mt ofFaffjion, The Cxth 
• I fay, the Greater Pity, and ftill the Greater f)ame for a Man to m^'^^1 
Refute the Vfe of the moB Excellent Thing in Its kind 5 and 
especially, Bcc4«/e it is outofFafiion/ which, although it be Thf^ 
A^ers'd, (as I have here mentioned J by the Ignorant and In- 
eonjf derate, yet notwithftanding It has This General Applaufe 
and Praife^ viz. THAT IT IS THE BEST MUSICK IN THE 
WORLD. 

This is acknowledg'd by All who are men o^ Knowledge and 
Experience mthe Art, (unprejudiced 5 ^ and if together with T/?>7x 
fo High^ fo True, fo Deferved and moft Vncontronlable Commend^' 
tfonr, it (hall alfi appear ( hjThis my Faithfiill and Well-intended 
WorlO Eajie, yea Very-very Bajie 5 there is no doubt but It will 
come into Fajhian again with All wife Fol^s. 

Thus having (I hope) to full (atisfaftion explained the Matter^ 
I doubt not but the Lute henceforward will be mor^ look'd aftei^ 
and efteemed than of late years it has been. .i- • v. '. \ 

I will now draw nearer to The Worl^ iP felf arid fifbVide niy 
Scholar with a Fit and Goad InUrnment, 1 ; 



CHAI^ 



48 The Qyil "Pan ; or, 



Chap. III. 

Firfi provide fM '^He firft thing to be thought upon before you begin to 

f)z^d°Lute. ' X Lear», muft be to get a Good Litte, and of a F// S7ze for 

your Hand ; In reference to which I (hall give this Advice, by 

Theje DireUiens following. 

A common It is very ufiial with many, at the firft to make Jliift with al- 

Learner!" ^^^ ^"I If^pf^f^ent for a Try^/, Cas they fay J be it never fo Bad 

ox Vnfii. 

Now I muft affure Them, who do fo, do themfelves mnch 
WroMg , and to tbeir great prejudice ; as by Experience I have 
proved. 

For I have known (bme Yomg Verfons fo Difiouraged, under the 
Sence and Inconvenience of a Bad and lU-contrivd Infirument, 
that in fhort time they have grown Out of Love with their Under- 
taking-, and have indeed been fo quite Difcouraged Thereby, that they 
have wholly left it off, and never Return d again 5 whereas others 
on the contrary, who have had Apt and Good InVtruments, have 
come on exceeding Delightfully to Themfelves, their Teachers^ 
and Others. 
^ I {hall therefore advife All Learners, At Firft to provide thern 

with Good Infiruments'-i and then they will proceed chearfuUy. 
aiXhufc a°* "^ov^ to know a Good Infirnment, is fomething Hard for a Toung 
good Lute. Scholar 5 therefore he muft take the Advice of fome Friend who 
hath Skill. Yet for his better Information, I ftiall give him fome 
General Hints and Signs how he fhall kpove a Good one. 

Firft, know that an Old Lute is better than a Here one : Then, 
The Venice Lutes are commonly Good-^ which you ftiall know 
by the writing within, right againft the Knot, with the Au- 
thors Name. 

There are diverfities o^ Mens Names in Lutes'^ but the Chief 
Luces thebrfi ^^f^e we moft efteem, is Laux Mailer, ever written with Text 
Letters : Two of which Lutes I have (een fpittifuU Old, Batter dy 
Craci^d Things) valued at 100/. apiece. 

Mr. Gootiere, the Famous Lutenift in His Time, fhew'd me One of 
The»i, which the King paid 100 /. for. 

And Mr. Edw. Jones (one o^ Mr. Gootiere's Scholars') had the 
A true Story] other, which He Jo valued j And made a Bargain with a yl/er- 
f ^<a«^, who defired to have It with him in His Travels, ( for his 
Experience , ^ And if He lil(d It when he returned, was to give 
Mr. Jones 100 /. for It ; But if he Refus'd it at the Price fet, he was 
to return the Lute fafe, and to pay 20 I. for His Experience andVfc 
ffit, for that Journey. 

I have often (een Lutes of ?^ree or four pounds price, jQy jK^firg 
Jllujirious and Taking, to a common Eye. 

Therefore I (ay, it is a Difficult Thing for an unexperienc'd ?er*^ 
fon to C/)«/e a G<?f?i^ La/e. 

The next thing to be obferved is, the shape of the Lute* 

Th<5 



of a Lute. 



1 he l^Hte made Eafie, 49 



<.. 



The shape generally efteemed, is the Pearl-Mould •■) yet I have Thebcftfhape 
known very excellent GoodOnes o^ fiver al shapes or Moulds : But of » Lute. 
i do acknowledge for confl:ancy,the Pearl-Mould k Bejl^ both for 
Soiind^zxid. Comlinefs, as al(b for the more conveniency in holdif?g 
or n(if7g. 

Then again obferve the Ntmbcr of Ribbs. 

The Compleat Number Cmoft efteemed J is Ni»e j yet there How many 
are very Good Ones of (everal Numbers. ^^^^^ ^^^' 

Next, what PFood is Beji for the K/bbs. 

The Jzr-wood \sMo\ine\y the Beji. ' ll^^'"^'"""^ 

And next to that. Our Efigl/J/} Maple. 

But there are very Good Lutes oF (everal Woods --^ ziPlum-Trec, 
Pear-tree^Tetv^ Rofemary-Air^ Ajl)^Ebotiy^ and Ivory^ Sec. The two 
lali ("though moft Cofily^ and r^^z/^g to a common Eye J are 
the vporU. 

Next, obferve the Colour ; which is the DarhcbUckcreddiJl)'- ^Jl^' C°'o"f 
Colour 5 though I believe it contributes nothing at all to the 
fiund--i only the Beii Authors did ule to lay on That Colour^ efpe- 
cially Laux Mailer. 

Thus much for the Choice of your tntes by the Back^Jides. 

Then for the Bellies^ make choice of the finejl-graind Wood The choice of 
you can, free from Knots or OhfiruUions^ which you may eaiily liuc^"^°^* 
perceive to hinder the Grain of the Belly for Running fmooth to 
your Eye^ as it were by fmall Strings or Threads of Wood from 
the Bridge upward, &c. 

The Beji Wood is c?aird Ctdlin-cliff-^ and is no other than the 
fineft fort of Fz>t, and the choiceft part oiThat Firr. 

I have feen fome of Cyprus very Good, but none like the 
Cdlin-cliff'. 

The Knot or Rofe in the Lute Belly, would be little, and fmooth- The Knot or 
ly cut. , ^''^^' 

If there be any Cracky in Back^ or Belly, let not them trouble ,^ 
you, except They be Crojs-wayes ■■, Thofe are to be difli}{ed : But if 
Long-vpayes with the Grain of the Wood, it makes no great matter, 
ib as tliey be neatly and well glewed together again. 

And before you part from the Belly, try whether the Barrs The Barrs. ^- 
( which are within, to ftrengthen and keep It ftraite and tite ) 
be allfafi--) which you may do, by gently knocking the Belly all 
along, round about, and then in the midft, with one oF your 
Kmickels •■, and if any thing be either loofi in It, or about It, 5 ou 
may cafily perceive J/, by a litde Fuzzing ovHizzing--^ but if all 
be found, you (liall hear nothing but a Tight-plump and Trvan^ 
ing-kp0cl{. 

Then laftly about the Belly, fee that the Bridge be clofe. Trimly The Bridge, - ^. 
and firmly Glerv'd to the Belly, without any the leaft fign oi part- ^"'^ '" ^^^' 
ing : For if it begin never fb little to part, you fhall be fure (the ^''"' 
next moi^ fcafon, if you leave it abroad, etpecially in a damp rooni) 
to have It come off, and fo endanger the Belly, in bringing fome 
part of It along with it^ which is a common decay in many a 
Good LntC' 

H After 



5° 



The C'^'^ 'Part ; or. 



The length 
and thickiiefs 
of the Neck. 



The Finger- 
board to lye 
Round, 



^ The two 
^ Heads. 



The Pegs the 
greatefl trou- 
ble about an 
Inftrument. 



After you have thus (urvey'd the Eackj^ndi. Belly^ caft your Eye 
up towards the Isieck^and. Heads ^ 

And in the iVec^ observe the Length thereof, which you fhall 
know to be Good or Bad^ according to the Number of Frets It car- 
ries : If it carry le(s then N/^e, it is toojlm-t ; and if more^ it is 
too long : Therefore N/«e is efteemed the, BeU Nit^^iber of a Trne- 
fiz^'d 'Neck- 

Yet I had rather have a Neck^ too long^ than tooJJiort : 

For if it be too lovg^ fin which ^\:q two Inconveniences^ viz. the 
one wiJl caufe Strings to breaks too faft, the other makes the di- 
Jiances of the Frets too wide ) I can cut that Nec/{^JI.)orter, without 
any Inconvenience at all to the InUniment •-, But if it be tooJJwrt^ 
there is no Handfime Remedy but to have a IsSevc Nec^. 

Again, the Necl^ would not be over ihick^ox Gouty ^ to cau(e too 
great an Extention in the opening of the Hand^ in the Grafp or Vfe 
of It:, which will be itnpleaftnt to the FraSfitioner. 

About an Inch Thick, at tht Jj'rfi Fret^ is a good (cantling for an 
ordinary fiz^d Lute , and (b increasing in Thickness almoft infenfi- 
bly down to the /rfi? Fre^ 

But for my own part, I did not care how 7hin it were, provi- 
ded it were Cojlrong, as (by the fi:rength of the Strings pulling) 
it did not come forwards^ by which means many a Lute is cau(ed 
to Lye too Courfe. 

The Finger-board is the next thing to be minded •■> which would 
be made of Hard Woody of which Ebony is both HaadfomeU and 
the BeB. 

See that it be not Joynted or Tieced upon the very Edges, which 
if they be, ( as fometimes they arc ) will hinder the Frets from 
running fmoothly-y when you have occafion to put them o-n^ or 
tnove them. 

Again, obferve how It lyes, whether Flat, or a little Round un- 
der the Frets, from the Treble to the 5//^. or 6th. Strings. 

If it l)'e Flat, it lyes Not jvel/--, which was the General Fault of 
the Old Work:»^en a hundred years ago, and fince; till of later 
Times we find that a Round-laid Finger-board, is a Great Advan- 
tage to the eaji'e /topping of. a String,, elpecially \nCrofs- flops. 

The next things you are to view are the Two Heads, the one 
Turned ^^c^o "^hich muft carry i6 Strings, (accounting tht Treble 
Peg double J and the Vpright Head mult carry 8 ; all which make 
a 2^-Strung-Lute. 

The more neat Thofe Heads are wrought, the more Commenda- 
ble 5 Yet they adde nothing to the Sound, but it is the Back^ and 
Belly, which Trincipally give the Sound •■) and we ufe to (ay, the 
Belly is the chief producer thereof. 

Then look well unto xh^Fegs, that They be Truly Fitted^ for if 
They be not, you will find more Trouble by reafon of Them, than by 
any other Thing about the Lute. 

The firft thing you muft oblerve is, whether They be exaUly 
fitted at both ends , that is, that they Bite equally fiif zx. both 
Holes j for if they be flack^sx one Hole^ and /i/'at the other, they 

will 



Ihe Lute made E^fie. 



51 



will conftantiy be fli^fmg^ and fo the Huner lofeth much Labour 
k)icl Time. 

Arid you mnft know, that from the Badnep of the Pegs^OiniQ 
feveral Inconveniences '-^ 

The fiift I have named, vi'z,. the Lnfs of Labour. 

The 2d. is, the Lop of Time --y For I have known fbme fb ex- 
treme long in Tuning their Lutes and Violsy by reafon onlj of Bad 
Pcgs^ that They have wearied out their Auditors before thej began 
to Plajf. 

A 5d. Inconvenience is, that oftentimes, if a High-firetch'd fmaU 
String happen to Jlip down^ it is in great danger to breal^at the 
iie^t winding up^ e(pecially in vpe'tmoiii weather^ and that// have 
been long jlacl^. 

The 4th. is, that when a String hath oeen ///>/ 7/.ic'4, it will 
not fiand in Tune, under many Amendments ; for it is continually 
injiretching it felf till it come to Its higheU jlretch. 

A 5th. is, that in the midft of a Con fort. All the Company muft 
leave off-, becau(e of fome Eminent String flipping. 

A 6th. is, that fometimes ye (hall have fiich a Rap upon the 
Knuc^els, by a JI)arp-ed^'d Pe^, and a Jiiffjirong S,ring, that the 
very sl(in will be /d4e« ^'^ 

And ythly. It is oftentimes an occafion of the ThruSiing off the 
Treble-? eg-Nut., arid fbmetime of the Vpper long Head i 

And I have (een the J^eck^o£ an Old Viol., thruH off into two 
pieces, hyte&Conof the Badnefs ofthePe^r, meerly with the ^»ger 
a»dha[iji ChoUer o^ tiim that has heenTuning. 

Now I (ay that Thefe are very Great Inconveniences^ and do adde 
much to the Trouble and Hardnefi of the InUrument. 

I (hall therefore inform you how ye may Help All Thefe with 
iEaje--) viz. Thus- 

When you perceive any Teg to be troubled with the flippery 
bifeafe., affure your (elf he will never grow better of Himfelf 
Without (bme of Tipw^jre 5 therefore take H/;?/ <?«/j and examine 
the C4///e. 

FotihereareThreeCauJesof a Pegs flipping j 

The Owe is, the not equal Fitting or B/V//!'^ at WA f/je Holes --^ 
therefore you mufl: ob(erve at which Hole it bites leafi:^ for if it 
bite bard at the vpide Hole, which is the thicke(t part of your Peg, 
and/.jc^^t the other, then your String will conftantly//p down^ 
(b foon as the Peg or Hole is worn fmooth. 

But if it ^;/e W^ at the fm all end, and flacl(_ at the^re^^, it 
will not (b often Jlip, but many times caule your Peg to twi^ 
in pieces. 

Now the Remedy for all this, is only to fcrape the Peg a little 
fmaller at theend which is tooThick^, (b long, till upon Try^/ you 
find that // bite at both ends a-lik§. 

Another cau(e of a Pegs flipping is, when both ends arc equal, 
yet both the Peg and the Holes are worn fmooth, ( being made of 
foft Wood ■, ) wherefore (b near as you can have all your Pegs of 
Hard Wood^ (and without Sap") as of Plum-Tree.^ Box, or Ebony, &c. 

H 2 The 



7 Inconveri' 
ences attend- 
ing chein. 



Three Caufts 
of a Pegs flip- 
ping. 

The firft 

Caufe. 



The fecoaS 
Caufe. 



52. The Qhil '^an ; or. 



The Remedy for This hiconvevhnce^ is only to fcrape the Peg at 
both ends a Httle, and then ml? it at the two biting places with a 
piece oichalk^^ and then It will jiick^faji. 
The third A third and very Common Canfe^ is from the putting 'on of the 

^^"•^^ Strings which although the Tegs be never fo well Fitted and Good-^ 

yet if the ^^r/«_g be put on (b, that in the twifting iibout the Peg at 
either end, the string lye too near the Cheeky of the Tin-holes^ it 
hinders the Veg from biting. 

And I have often (een fome Fumblers^ Tret and Vex Themfehes , 
a quarter of an hour or more, to falien fuch a Peg, and when 'twas 
done, by and by Jlip again •■> And Co Ignorant have Thej/ been of 
the C4«/e, that they have not (b much as tr/d to fee if it might 
be mended f but Cfj out y Oh here's a bafe Peg^ or fomething 
like it. • 

Now the Remedy for This is the Eajteji of all ^ and lies only .in 
the Care of the Putter on of the.S'^rz»^, to fee that it lye wholly 
clear from both the Jides. 

And take This Rule along with you, never to twiji too much 
String upon the Peg. 
The oommoh This fault of the Putter on\s very often the Definition of a Good 
f gSSr^n? stringy than which, a man had better fometimes loje a shilling : 
For the Trebles , and Seconds^ ( which are the moft Chargeable 
and Breaking Strings^ come where you will, you (hall C\ndThem 
moll: commonly clofe and hard wound up to the Cheeky of the Peg- 
holes^ by which means the String is lb pinch' d and f^ueez'd, that 
it is not Long-livd after ; And then they Cry out. Oh thefe are bafe 
rotten Strings, &c. 

I have infifted the longer upoll Thefe Inconveniences of the Pegs, 
becaufe I know they are fo generally Common : And indeed if 
regarded, they will contribute much eafe and pleafure to All^ but 
efpecially to Learners. 

I have now run through all the particular parts of the Out-(ide 
of the Lute.^ excepting the Five Nutts^ which the Strings lye upo?z ; 
And on purpole I have let them alone till Now in-the lafl place, be- 
Caufe they fb neceflarily relate to the Stringing of the Ltite, which 
is the next thing to be done. 
The oraering And as to Thofe Nutts, there is not much to be faid concerning 
of the Five q-Jjem ; yet fomuch, as cannot be left unfiid without a Great De- 
feB to the Bufinefs. 

Firft then, they are mofl: generally made o^ Ivory, (which is 
BeU ) and do require a Curious Care in the accurate Laying, and 
Notching oi^Them, according to the t\^\tDifiances between Ranks 
and Ra*?^/, Pairs and Pairs ; A Rule for which take Thm^ 

Firft you muft lay your Long Nutt (which muft carry feven 
Ranks of Strings, befides the Treble String') in a Notch cut out of 
the Plate of the Finger-board, fit for Its proportion, andlb neatly^ 
that the Top of the Neck, of the Lute, and the Top of the Nutt, may 
joyn equaUy-even in all that fame length, to the end that the Strings 
which muft be twifted upon the Pegs, may lye fmooth upon that 
part of the Flatnefs of the Neck,^ immediately y^^jw/wg to the Nutt , 

which 



Nucts. 



The Lute made Eafie. 55 



which will (ecure the Strings from being Cut with the JJufpneJ} of 
the Edge of the 'Nutt. ..■:....•., ' ;' 

Then after it is thus Truly Layd^ you miift cafl; 'F6(f itie ^nte Lo-y 
ing and Dividing the Ranks of the Strings. 

To the doing of which, you muft firft of all take a "treble Stringy The beft way 
and fajien it in the frji Hole of the Br/^/^e, ( which is for the Tre- f^^^^^^ '^p 
ble String'^') then bring /i6^jf String up to the Treble Witt or Pe^, "ingstru j. 
and there hold It in your Le/^ hand in fuch a place, as It may /^'g 
4// along within a ///^/e /<?/} than a quarter of an Inch of the out- <^ 

j7<s?e of the Finger-board j and when it (b lyes^ take a iC»//e and 
make a little intprejjlon upon the Nutt, }ufk under the Strings which 
]fti#: ferve for your Mar^,, and mufl: afterwards be Fz7e<^ £/(7ip« <rfee/> 
etiough for the string to /ye 77/ .• But let that alone till you have 
firft marked the Pla/.es^ for all the Strings to lye in 5 which may be 
done with a fencill^ or a Ten and Ink: 

After your Tre/'/e ISIotch is thus marked^ then put on your e/g^^yS 
^/r-iw^ (next) upon the Bridge, and draw it up to the other end of 
the Nfitt, as you did the Treble, and lb make Its mark: 

Thus then having the Two Extremes of your Nutt, it will be eafie 
to mark, ^^^ *^^ T laces for all the refi profortionably. 

Yet obferving , that the Fairs of the 7ds, ^ds, ^ths, and <^ths; -t 

would be a very little clofer together, than thofe of the 6ths, "Jths^ 
and 8Mj. The reafbn I give is, becaufe they are always in the' 
nCeo^Jiopping, and fo may the more eajily he Jiopp'd cloje^ clean, 
and j«re, than if they lay ra^iis^er. ' 

But here you muft Note of what Length the Nutt fhould be. 

The Length of the Nutt of a FuU-jizd Con fort Lute, fit for a Mans Of what letigth 
Hand, or a IVomans, would he jiift Trvo Inches, quarter and half ^^^eLongNutt 
quarter long j and in a Nutt of 7'^»' proportion, you will have ^°^^^ ^' 
full fcope and freedom to lay your Strings £0 conveniently reide^ 
that they ftiall all j^eak. Clear, aiid yoMV flopping will be very 
Roomey^ and Large y which is a mighty matter for Clear and 
Good Play : Yet too much Room is an Inconvenience, 

But upon Little-Jiz,'d~Lutes,£oi: children, or the like, the Na/Zi 
mxxOihe jfI}orter, according to Diferetion and Proportion. • 

Thus when you have Marked, and Ranked all your -y^rz^gx, and 
that you fee the biliances pleafe you jveiJ?', then take offyowr Nutt, 
and with a ^«e Jmooth File, cut the Notches to a convenient <;/e/)^^, 
fo that all your Strings may lye at an even and equal height, from 
the Finger-board, which Would be about the thicknefs of a Half- 
Crown, or a little more 5 and will be a convenient He/g/i^ to let the 
Strings have fcope enough to whirle about with clearnefs of Sound, 
and not to touch the Firfi Fret. 

There is one thing more concerning the shape of the Nutt, very Note a great 
confiderable, for eafie and tieat Performance in Lute-play , viz. that Convemency 
C^re be taken to File the N«« thinner a little towards the ^ds, 2ds, p/^y^y the 
and Treble, than it is in the farther part : The player will find much ^W« of the 
advantage in his P/^j/ by this very Obfervation. 

Then, when your Long Nutt is thus far inOrder, you muft take 
Jf and Pollif} It very well, (but eipecially the Notches -y) the 

^ Which 



Nm. 



54 



The Qyil Tan ; or. 



How to Pollifh 
the Nucts. 



ThcRcafon of 
the nectflity 
of knowing 
thcfc Things. 



which to do is Thus ^ viz. take a piece of Nero Neats- Leather, and 
a little fcrap'd Chalky reet in Spittle^ which with good Faivs muft 
be Rubb'd fo long, till you be affiir'd that the Notches at the Bot- 
tom be very Smooth and Glib, (b that the String in the winding 
up may have no Impedimet7t either in Gaulipg, or in Sticking fajl 
in the Nittt, which are very Common Inconveniences, to the Lop of 
tnany a Good String. 

Clear it with a Dry Linen CloatL 

This being done, you may proceed to the Stringing yottr Lnte, 
which muft have a Vectdiar DireEtion. 

Let your Four little Nittts alone, till you have Strung fo far. 

All Theje Things which I have let down, (although I fay i^\x 
muft do Thus, and So) are not properly a lVork.i^ov Ton to do, 
(except you will be Ingenuous and Mechanical ) but for the /«- 
jirument-Maker •-, And when ever you Buy a Lute, it ought to be 
Thus fitted : Yet becaufe I know that fometimes Work:men are 
Carelefs, and (ufFer Injirttments to go out of their hands Defe£fivc 
in many fuch reipefts; and alfo that I would have you able to 
'judge of ihefejo necejfary Concernments, Therefore I have Thus given 
you Information, that thereby Tou may have any thing amended^ 
before it comes out of their Hands. 

As alfb, that many times you living in the Country, far from 
tVffrk^meny may either Tour felf be able to mend any fuch Fault, 
or give DireEfions to fome Ingenuous Country Work^man to affili 
Tou Therein. 



A Lute Belly 
often in need 
to be taken 
ojf. 



Chap. IV. 

Concerning the Mechanical Order of the LUTE. 

ANd now I talk of living in the Country, it puts me in mind of 
On» very needful! Thing , which whofoever lives far from 
Work:men, and keeps a Lute, cannot be without the knowledge 
of, without extraordinary Inconvenience s which is. Hove to takg 
off a Lute Belly, and fet it on again Compleatly, and is a Great Curio- 
^ty to perform vpell and neatly. 

And you muft know , that once in a Tear or two , if you 
have not very Good luc^,, you will be conftrained to have // 
tal{en off! 

Becaufe the Belly being fb very Thin, and only fupported with 
fix or Cevenjmall weak. Barrs^ and by the conftant ji retch of the 
Strings, ( which is a Great flrength ) the Belly will commonly Sin^ 
upon the Firfl Barr next above the Bridge, but fometimes upon 
any other, and fb caufe It to let go Its hold at the ends of the Barr^ 
and then your Lute will farr, and Grovp unpleafant. 

And if it be not timely amended, worle Inconveniences will fol- 
low, which may endanger the foiling of the Belly. 

Therefore 



The Lute made Eafie. 5"^ 



Therefore when ever zBarr is loofc^\ct it be quickly ametided^ 
or prelently (et your Lute down to a Lower P/tch, or itntmji your 
Strings^ and Lay it hy^ till you can get/^ mended. 

Now therefore that you may know how to Uel^ yottr fclf, by 
your felfi or by your own Dire&ions to any Country IVorl^^man.^ as 
need thai! be •-, I v^iWjJjcvp you f, and give yowTi Reafon vyhy. 

For I have known a Lute fint 50 or 60 miles to he mended of a. ^;^,"fpl a Lutfc 
very (ffiall mijchance^ (" fcarce ivorth 12 d. for the mending ) which far to be 
Lejides the Trouble^ and coji of Carriage.) has been Broke all to pieces ^^'^^^^' 
in the Return : So, farewell Lute^ and all the CoJi. 

This Thing therefore which I am about hereto fet down, is of 
fuch abfolute Neccjfity^ that 'tis fit for all Perjons who k§<^p Lutes^ to be 
acquainted ivith 7t. 

The way unto it is T^/(!^ .• 

Fuft, you mufl: be provided of fome certain little neceffary In- ^"^o bHiad 
jlru>ne??ts or Tools., fit for fuch an Vndertaking. always in rea- 

The firft may be a Glew-Pot., of about a Pinfj made of Lead. ^^'fci 

2dly. Have ever in readinels fbme of the Cleareji and Beji made 2. ciew and' 
Clew, together with Izing-glafs, (both which mixt together make izing-giafs. 
the BeJi Glew. ) 

3dly. Let your Smith make you a Four-fquare Iron.^ about the i- An iron, 
length of your Middle Finger., and about three quarters of an Inch 
fquare, Filed flat and f^ooth at One end, and at the other let there 
be a longShunk^ (muchhke to a Steel-flick^, but Thicker") with a 
Jtjarp end to run into fome Handle of Wood, to hold it by 5 but if 
you had two of Thefe, the other about a quarter fothickj, it were 
better ^OY Come fmall ujes. 

4thly. You mufl: have a Curiyuf JJ^rp Chizzel, about an Inch A-Adizzel, 
broad --i but if you had two or three, you would find convcniency 
by them, fome broader and narrower. 

5thly. A little IVor king-Knife f, fuch, are mofl: commonly made y, a Knife, 
of pieces o'i Brok^n-Good-Blades : One of them faflned into a pritty 
Thick, ii^ft oClVood or Bone, leaving the £ We out about two or 
three Inches, and then Grind it down upont \\eBack_ to a very 
fiarp Point, and let to a Good Edge, it will forve you for niariy 
Goodvfet, e\X.\\Qv'mCutting,Carving,makSng Pens,Si.c. which is 
called a IVor king-Knife. 

The 6th. is, a little Three-fquare File, which mull: forve to make 6. a File, 
Notches in the Nutts, or Ruff and fit the Pegs, as need fhall 
require. 

The 7th. and lafl: is an Aul, a pr'ntyjirong and Jlraight one, which 7. An Aui. 
you will find a neceflary u(e of 

Thefe feven Implements will take up no great matter O^Room 
in the Corner of any Gentkmans Study, being all put up in one 
little Box, fo that at any time they may be in readinefs, and not 

to feek: 

I would have added unto them a Whetjlone, of a fine and fmart 
Gritt 5 for your Chizzel and Knife mufl: always be kept veryf/jarp. 

And being Thm Accommodated, you may (when occafion is) fall 
toworkonT/w«j!<?«wr3 viz. ^ 

Firfl:, 



*^6 The Qyil "Part ; or. 

Preparations Fiift, uffttfili your Strings, only Jo much^ as you may have Lj- 

king'off the ^^^^^ ^° ^^^^ *^^™ fi'^'" *^^ Bridge ^ which when you have done. 

Belly. draw thofe ofthefirfl Head all together through your Haf2d^ and 

twift them about that Head and Pegs : Then take the other four 

Ranki ofBaJfes^ and do the like with them, amongft the Pegs of the 

Long Head. 

This being done, your strings will be fafe, and well out of 
your way, and ready to find their Places in the putting on again. 

If any of your Nutts faU off^ you muft be carefull they be 
not LoU. 
offThe°Lace^ Proceed next to the tah^ng off the Lace, and if it be a Parch- 
ment, you may be the holder with it, and never fear the Jpoi ling it^ 
for you muft have a New one put on. 

But if it be Silh^ or Silver, and that it (hall Jerz« again, take 
This Courje with it : . 

Firft, have a Dijli of Water, and fet it clofe by you upon a 7ahle, 
and with a Linen rag, (wet in the water ) anoint ( as it were, or 
bedabble ^ the Lace all over, about half a quarter of an hour toge- 
ther 5 and then warm all your Lace over with your Iron, being red 
hot, drawing your Hand flovely and clofcly,from place to place, till 
you think the Lace is hot quite through, ( but take heed oi Burn- 
ing ) and when you have lb done, you may take the Lace at one 
end, and draw it off, (b eafily as if If had never been Glewed,W\th- 
out the leaft damage to yOuri^^e at all. 
•how to take This being done. Attempt the Belly after the fume manner, but 
off the Belly. ^^^ ^yjj|^ ^^^^ Caution : And as you ufed the Lace with your wet 
rag, fo ufe the Edge of the Belly all over where the Lace was, ( but 
with more Time, at leaft a quarter of an hour ) and cjpccial/y That 
upper moji fat-narrowe^-part of the Belly next the loteesi Fret , 
( at leaft an Inch and a half) for that part lyes Viewed upon Co 
much of the Finger- board, ^nd will ^sk good Suppleing with Water 
and Heat, before it will yield. 

Thus when you have well Suppled It, take your Red hot Iron., 
and heat it very well all over, till you think the Gkw within is 
diffolved. 

Then take your Little Working-Knife, and begin to try to get 
Note. it betreeen the Belly and the Buck^, at the Bottom firji 5 at which 
place take notice that the Belly lies upon a Flat, about a quarter of 
an Inch, the whole fjuare of the Bottom-, (b that )ou muft put iri 
your Knife accordingly. 

And if you have Wetted, and Heated enough, } our Knife fnall 
find an eajie Entrance:, which if you find not. Wet and Heat that 
part ftill again where you are at work, till you perceive it will 
willingly yield to the gentle farce of your Hand and Knife : So v.'hen 
that Flat bottom is opened-, Wet and Warm again a little further up- 
wards (an Inch or two) well, and then put in your Knife again, 
and when you feel a Barr, then get your Knife under that £^rr, and 
(b gently force it, till you perceive It loofe. And (b fromr^rr to 
Barr., till you come to the Top- broad-fat- place :, The which place 
you muft again Wet and H%?f very well and thorowlj, and then 

taking 



1 he Lute made Eape. ^j 



taking the bottom of the Belly Cwhich is ]po(eJ in one hand, and 
the 'Neck^o^the. Lute in the other, you will find (with a little for- 
cing) that it will come ojf very readily-) but if need be, you may 
take a^w^ij/ Mcat-li^jfe^ and getting it underneath within, help it 
to part by degrees. 

And now your Lute k qtdte undone^ you muft get it mended ~^y ^'"^ °"' 

,1 ,, ■' ■' ° done. 

again as well as you can. 

A Careftdl Mejfenger to Lo»d,on will do, very well ; a convenient 
jBox^ arid an Eajie-going Horfi, or a Coach^ will be very needfull j 
for 'tis in a wofull Pickle 5 a man would icarcely think it would > 

ever come to good again : Well, fear it not. 

And now becaufe I have been an occajion why 'tis brought to 
Thk pafs, and alfo that 'tis pitty a Good Inllritment (hould be e?/- 
danger d in fuch a Long and HazardofAr Journey^ I will diredl you 
how you (hall Mend it^ and put it together again., without the leafi 
prejudice^^ind to vcvy Good advantage. 

Therefore begin where you left off, that is, with the Bc//y^ and 
before you lay it b)', take your Hot Iron., ( wz, not red hot^ but 
only fo hot as it may lye upon the 5c//;/ and not difcolour or fcorch 
it-,) I fay, take (uch an Iron., and laying that end of the BeUy 
( which you laft toohj)ff) upon a 7able., with the Infide ojttwardsy 
and holding it at the bottom with one hand, and the Iron in-riie 
other, and all to be-heat It., by which means you Vi\\\ Jiraighten §f- 
again after that bending., which was caus'd by the taking off-^, (for 
Heat ^yill fct any thing jiraight, or awry. ) 

And in that manner may you likewifeftraighten any part of a 
tel/y., which oftentimes will be rifen ox fiveU'd to an unevennefs. 

This being done, lay your Iron away., and begin to view the "°^^ '°^"'^ 
Belly all over on the in fide., and find out what Barrs are loofc, and a Belly! ^ 
what Cracks there are,'which by your Eye (oftentimes) you will 
hardly fnd, efpecially in the Knot : Therefore to make Jllfire, 
take the Belly in one hand, and with the other^ Knocks it gently all 
over with your Kmickje upon the outfide., by which means you may 
dilcover the leaft Crach^ox: Loofenefs of any Barr., by theflmitcring 
or Fuzzing it will make, ( if you be not Deaf ) 

Then, when you have found out what Fatdts you can. The wor^ 
js half done-., Therefore to Workj) and firjl mend all the Cracks., Howtoniend 
before you meddle with fajining any Barr ••, which to do well and 
neatly., you miifl: firO: cleanfe all the Belly within., from any Old Glew., 
or flich Patches as may hinder, (if any (uch be) which (with a 
fcorching hot Irov) will prcfently come off.' 

Then with your broad ckiz.zcl (crape and make all clean. 
And for the mending a Cracky., it is only taking a little Thin Glew 
upon the tip of a Thin-cut-Jiic\ or Chip., ("for you need no Brujh, 
as Joyners do ) which you may with the affiftance of your Finger^ 
(opening the Joynt 01 Cracl^^-wiih a Jmill force ) let in, and rub a 
little clew, only enough to wet every part of the Cracky'., which 
when you have done, then take your Hot Iron^ and hold it lb cbfe., 
as may thoro wly heat both the Glew and the Belly., which will caufe 
the Glew to incorporate^ and take faji hold of the Wood. ' 

I Then 



a Crack. 



5^ The Q^il ^^^t ; or, 



Then laying the Belly flat upon {bmcfmooth place^ Vrefs the 'joyf7t 
cloje and even with your Fingers, and then lay all along upon the 
Cruc/^a. little pp of Paper, about a quarter of an Inch broad, or lefs, 
wet with Glevp veiy thinly, and with your hot Iron fafien on the 
Taper, which will immediately caufe that Crac\ to be as Firm as 
any part of the Belly- 
Note how hot And here you mull: note, that your Iron muft be Jb hot, as to 
the Iron muft y^^,.^,^ ^hg F^i^jer, and the out-edges of the Glerv only, and »of at all 
to fcorch the Belly:, for by that little y?(7rc/67v^ the Cracl^h more 
quickjy and jirongly mended : Thus much for mending a Cracky ei- 
ther in 5«c4 or Be//;/, &c. 

Only N<?^e, that if you find the Belly or Back^ in any fiach part 
to be Infirm or rceak^, with Worm-holes or the like, you may either 
let (uch P/2/?er remain on fill, or adde a larger r^/)er or Varchment^ 
as you fee caufe, cither upon That, or inftead of 7/ / Yet I do not 
No lining of allow oitoo much Lining, either in Bachjit Belly, the which do Clog 
orNcceliity!' ^n h?flrument, and dull the Sound o£lt 5 But upon Necejfity (mfome 
cajes^ it muji be done. 

Note further as to the General ufe o^Glerv, whenfoever you 
have occafion to Vje it, be (lire to cleanfe away all the Old Glerv 
fi'rfh very well ; becaufe that Nerv Glew will not take any fafl 
hold upon Old , and that muft be done by a Scorching Iron^ as 
ajprefaid. 
nien^ng? ^h\x% having mended all the Cracks, fall to work upon thofe 

Barrs you find Loofe , which moft commonly be at the Ends 
about an hich or two, and are likevvife easily mended, firft by 
heating and cleanfing off' the Old Clew, and then, with your thin 
ClcTv-jlickc> put a' little Glevp between the Belly and Barr •■, then 
laying your Bel/y npon a fmooth Table, heat again the B^rr and 
^e//;' with your iron as it lyes, and fb hold it <5?<?2j?» clofe to the 
T^/i/e till it be cold , which will be in lefs than half a quarter of 
an hour. 

But becaufe you may (if you will) be eafedofCo much trouble 
of Holding, it will be convenient that you have in readinefi two 
or three pair of little _/?7/»j- ofTrenchers, fuch as Boys make for Snap- 
pers^ about an Inch broad, and 4, 5, or 6 Inches long. 
'■' Tye thefe, two and two together, at one end with a ftrong 
Packjthread, and they will ferve to fip over the Barr end, and Co 
hold It and the Bel/y very cloJe : Thele you may let ftay on Co 
long as you plea(e, which will Cave you Co much Labour and Time, 
the which you may Ipend in doing another, or any thing clle 
needful/. 

Thefe are very neceffary Implements., fit to put up with the reft 
of your 7tf<?/j-, to be in readinefs when need requires. 

Then when all your Barrs are thus wel/ mended, lay by your 
Belly Carefully, left any body Tamper with It, before It be well dry 
and hardned, which in 5 or 6 Hours will he Efficiently fit to be han- 
dled again, if it be a dry-xoarm-feafon ; but if not, then Cet it in 
Ibme Chimney-Corner, ( only within the Ayr of the Fire j ) for too 
much Heat will warpe and prejudice the Belly. 

Thus 



Ihe l^Hte made Eafe. '^9 



Thus you muft do if you be in Haff-, but if not, it were l/ctter 
to jiay till next day^ before you handle It any more. 

Then you may confidently prepare for a ConjiwBion CopuU- 
tive '■) 'ai^ihy cleunfing all the fjiperflnous roiighnefs^oj Glerpand Pu- 
per^remaining about Thoje mended Places ■■} the which to do is a Ch- 
riofity : But Thus muft you do it. 

If you have a lefs Iron^ heat it and ufe it ^ if not, your other The cleanfin? 
may do wcU enough : I (ay, Heat It to fitch a height^ that you may 
nimbly and lightly /<7«f4^nd fcorch all thofe Rough Places^ either 
oiGlerv or Paper •■) But take heed oi fi:orching x\iQBeIly^ or over- 
heating the Joynts lately Clewed-, left your work come in Pieces 



ci all Gltvvcd 

phicts. 



again 



When you have thus fi:orched all., and would have them come 
off., then take your chizzel., ( your Belly being laid Flat upon a 
"Table ) and firape gently all ThoJe Places., and all will come off very 
cleanly, as you would defire, to the very fVood : But if at the JTr^i 
time all comes not off'., as you would defire, Then, lichtly, and 
with a ^uicli touch of a Hot Iron., fcorch it again., and (b time after 
time, by little and little, you muft work, till you fee jM clear and 
fmooth. 

Take notice, that in cleanfing oSclerv., and Paper by fcorching^ A" efpedai 
it is only to be done m the Infide oi Injimments --^ for it Vi'xW j^oil Hnl^ cleanfing 
the Glofs or Varnifij of the Outjide of any. tft old Gkw 

The Outfldes therefore muft ever be cleanfed by moifiure only. °^ ^^"'* 
There i's but One thing more to do, before you joyn Buck^ and 
Belly again, which is, to cleanje carefully every Barr end., and the 
whole Rotmd-fide-edge, of the Back^ and Belly, with the Two Flats;, 
at Tops and bottoms ■-> All which muft be done as aforelaid, with 
a Scorching Iron firft, and then with your Wording- knife., or Chiz- 
z,e/, take off the Scorchings., to the clean Wood , that the Nf n? 
C/en? maytake /ii? ^(?/^ 5 which being done, proceed in This 
manner. 

Firft bring your B^r^^and Belly together, and fee if they will 
fit ; by which doing, you will perceive ( it may be ) fome little 
impediment, or Fault, fit to be amended, before you come to Glew- 
ing, and fo do and try till you are fully fatisfied that all is clear and 
fit •■) Then fear nothing, but boldly proceed to the Vniting, which 
muft be done after This manner. , 

Take your Jul, and after you have laid the Belly True in the Theiinirirg 
np^ermoU Flat, (which you cannot well mifs of, bed ufe the Ed^y^'^^^ 
Points of the Net^ will give you infallible direUions^ I (iiy, when 
you zxt fully fatisfied, that your '^eck^ lieth clofe,direU, and right 
to the r(?/?,thcn(with your Aui) prick a Hole qmte through the Belly^ 
in the midfi of that tipper Flat, and joyn Belly and Back^ together S a Choice 
then when you have thus Fitted them, pluck out your Aul again .^ pitceot cu- 
for This doing is but as a Mark^ or Direction for you, againft '^^ "^' 
you have occafion to come There again., ( which (hall be very 
foon. _) 

Now to your Gleiv-Pot, with Bacl^ and Belly., and begin with 
which you pleafe, and anoint all the Edges Carefully round, where 

I 3 you 



6o The Qhil ^^an ; or. 



you know they muft ^(y», and every Barr-cud he ptre you tottch 
well, and when Both are thus Carefallji done, ( for here lies the 
jlrevgth of the Work,) then C having a Good Fire ready ^ bring 
Both to the Fire, and warm them a little^ and clap them quickly to- 
gether, and with your Atd p-ick^aTidfajien them together at the To]^ 
in the fame Hole which before you "foyned them at. 
Take heed of But here in This Work, you mufl be exa&ly Care full, that you 
tTO much"'^'^ C% neither the Back, nor Belly, with the leaft drop of Gkxo more 
Glcw. than is needfull--, for &\\ fiperfinity of Glevp, is hurtfull to the Sound 

of an InTlrument. 

Nov/ having in readinefs your Great tron,red hot, heat the Edges ■ 
thororvly all over, and then efpecially the upper Flat where your Jul 
jiicks, till you perceive the Glere is become warm and thin. 

Then begin with your upper Flat, and with your Fingers you 
may Force it clofe to its old and true place, and then with littls 
pieces of Paper, (fbbig as pence, or two-penccs, wet withG/e»J 
cover all the upper Flat in the Joynts, yet leaving about a Strarv- 
bredth or two betwixt Taper znd Paper, fo that you may^ee hoveths 
Jcyntjoyns, and preCently fcorch on thofe Papers, one after another, 
leaning pritty hard upon each one, with the fquared end of your 
broad Iron, which muft not be too Hot, for fear of burning the Belly^ 
yet hot enough to fcorch the Papers, and thefuperfluous Glew, into a 
Cruiiinefs. 

This being done, it will be a good Guidance to make It fall 
yght all along ^ Then after this manner proceed Inch by Inch, firft 
on one fide, and then on the other, ( for if you Glew all one fide firji^ 
you may chance find it fall uneven at lafi : ) Therefore have a Care 
often to be viewing how it fadges on both fides, and be lure at every 
Barr, you thruB it fo clofe as pojfibly you can, with youx Thumb and 
Fingers '-, and Paper it well all the way with Scorching, as above- 
faid, and when you have rounded It ihui, ky it by till next day 
before you clean fe offThofe Papers, &c. 

But if you be in hafi, you may clean je It within 6 or j hours 
after, provided' you handle it gently^ otherwife you may loofcn 
fomething within. 

And to cleanfe It, only do Thus 5 
How to cleanfe Take a diftl oi Water, and with a Rag bemoifien all thofe fcorch' d 
the Lute. papers and Glew, often renewing the moifiure, ( yet but a little af 

a time ) and once in Half an Hour, they will be ^ofoft, that only 
with your Hails lightly running them backwards upon It, it will 
aH come off as you will have it. 
Note. And here I would have you Note, and Remember, that you ufe 

no other Toole faving your Nails, for any (uch work 3 becaufe you 
may Gaul and blemiflj the Infirument with any hard Toole 5 but your 
Nails will not Hurt it, if you take Care. 

When This is done, proceed to the putting on of your Lace, oir 
Parchment, which if it be the Old Lace, you flball firft lay it in wa- 
ter a while to fieep, both to diffolve the Old Glew, and alfo to make 
it Gentle and ply able, and when it is fieep'd enough, you may with 
the Edge of a Knife run off all the Old Slime and Glew, which with 

twice 



The Lute made Eafie, 6i 

twice or thrice drawing over, betwixt your Thumb and Finger 
gendy, will be done, and then 'tis fit to be pitt on. 

Then (fitting down and taking the Lute into your Lap., havin{y Hr^wtoputoii 
your Glew warm and clofe by., and your Great Iron very Hot) Anoint ^'"^ ^'^^^' 
about a Fingers length or more of the Lace lightly with Gleiv., then 
with your Iron., warm fb much of the Edge of the Lute^ (where you 
intend That fiuU lye ) together with the Lace and Clew., and be- 
gin your work at which fide you pleafe, and holding It hard and 
clofe with your Thumb and Finger at the Top^ draw it hard down 
7»ith your other hand., ovAj fo far as it is anointed., and fo pinch it 
clofe on both (ides,'fnoothing it gently backp>ards and forwards with 
your Thumb and Finger., till you perceive It has fanned, which will 
not be long till you may proceed to the doing oi fitch another 
length •■) then ( cunningly taking up the Lace fo, as you may not 
wtdoe the former ) ^;;m;/ (b much more of the Lace^ and do as 
y Oft did before., and Co proceed till al/ be Finififd. 

All this will not be one quarter of an hours work. 

But yet Note., that when you have wrought it down Co far as the Note what 
turning ( about the Bridge, ) you will find thofe turnings more trou- P-^" °^ . '''^ 
hlefome than the refl •■, Therefore you muft ( after anointing and nioft trouble-. 
heating that place ) pluckjthe Lace very hard there, and fmootb it well ^o^ie. 
between your Thumb and Finger often^ till you at laftfind It ply and 
lye fmooth and clofe. 

You may for the more Curiofity in keeping the Lace clean, take 
a clean Linen rag, and hold between your Thumb and Finger whilft 
you are in fmoothing, and Co it roillbe neat. 

There is nothing elfe to be faid as to This doing, but be Carefull 
to lay it on firaight, th2it yon may have Credit of jour H^'ork^, and 
that it be not too much upon the Belly, which will clog the Sound. 

The Narrower your Lace is, the Better it is, provided it will but 
jufi appear ivith a little Edge upon Backhand Belly. 

But luppofing you are to put on a Varchment, fwhich is every the way to 
way as Good for iife, if not Better ) then cut a Convenient breadth, P"^ »" ^ 
and if it be in one, two, or three Lengths, it makes no matter. Parchment, 

Then lay it in Water a little while lofioften it, and make it take 
Clew and ply, and after it has fiak^d, take it out and draw it over 
yom Knife Edge gently, between your Thumb and Finger, to take 
out the Water and thtslime,and by Co doing it wiWhe fit enough 
to take Glew, and to be dealt with as abovefaid concerning the 
Lace 3 only takg heed of lettirig your Hot Iron come too near it, be- 
caufe it will be iubjeft to run up into wrinkles^ ( with too great a 
Heat.) 

This being done, lay by your Lute for a Day or Two, that the 
Olew may harden.^ and then you may proceed to the Stringing 
of it. ^ 



■ CHAP; 



6z 



The Qyil "Part ; or. 



Chap. V. 



Choice Obfer- 
vations about 
keeping a 
Lute. 



ThefirrtCom. 
moc'.iry by 
keeping a 
Lute well . 

2. 

3- 
4- 

5- 

6. 



The firfl Rea- 
fon given for 
tho'e 7 Con- 
'enieticcs. 



2d. Reafon. 



NOw your Lute is pritty well come to It Jelf again 5 and with- 
out all quertion (if you have rightly followed the Order oi 
Thoje DireUio7ts prefcribed ) you will find it in all refpeds fo Good 
as it rtas^'xi not Better --i Therefore doubt it not in the lead, butfb 
foon as // is Dry emugh^ put on the Strings : Yet before you pro- 
ceed to That^ take Theje neceffary DireUions concerning the keep- 
ing your Lute. 

And that you may know how to Jl^elter your Lute, in the worft 

of I// weathers.) ( which is moiji ) you (hall do well, ever when 

you Lay it by in the day-time, to put It into a Bed, that is con- 

jlantly tifed, between the Rug and 'Blanket ■, but jiever between the 

sheets, becaufe they may be moili with Sweat, &c. 

This is the moU abfolute and beU place to keep It in always, by 
which doing, you will find ma.ny Great Conveniences, which I (hall 
here (et dovj'n. 

As, Fird:, for the fivzng of your Strings from Breaking ; for you 
(hall not rpend half jo many Strings as another, who lays their Lut& 
open in £ Damp Room, or near a Window, &c. 

2diy. Tt will keep youri»/e cotiUantly in a Good Order,Co that 
you fhall have bin fnal/ Trouble in the Tuning of It. 

gdly. You will find that it will Sound more Lively and Briskjy-, 
and give you pkafure in the vex^ Handling of It. 

4thly. If you have any Occafion Extraordinary to fet up your 
Lute at a Higher Pitch, you may do It fafely , which otherwife 
you cannot (o well do, without Danger to your Infirument and 
Strings. 

5thly. It will be z g\;tai S afety to your Injirument, in keeping It 
from Decay. 

6thly. It will prevent much Trouble, as in keeping the Barrs from 
flying Loofc, and the Belly from Jinking. 

Now thcfe fix conCidered all together, muft needs create a 
feventh, M'hich is. That Lute-play muti certainly be very much Faci' 
lituted, r-nd made more DelightftiU Thereby. 

And becaufe you fhall not be wanting, in being able to give a 
Reafon for any of Jhefe Jeven Conveniences, I will here in Or^eriht 
you down the Reafons why. 

As firft, That it will fave your Strings from breaking very much j 
Your fiuall Experience will findThat apparenf-^htcawfc z String ex- 
pofed to the Air., (efpecially if it be a moiji y^/>)will not lafi Long : 
For the moifiure caufeth it to Swell ^ Therefore it cannot hold 
jlretching like That String which is kept Dry, and in a Good 
Temper. * 

Secondly, That it will keep your Lute in a. GoodOrder and Temper, 
you will likewife find by as Imall Experience. 

Fox, That String which fiiffers the Inconvenience of the moiji Air, 
as it will certainly Swell, Co as certainly will it go out of Tune. 

Therefore 



The Lute made Eape, 63 

Therefore it mufl: neceffarily follow, that T:hat String which is 
conftantly kept in a Dry Tem^cr^ f as in a Bed it will be) mufl: 
needs (land tnon conftantly at, or near the Titch itwasfet at^ than 
the other^ exposed to morjlitre. Therefore ^om Trouble will be lefs 
in the Tmhrg : This is plain. Yet know, that the Bed doth dttr Note. 
It a little ^ but ftill for the Beji. 

For when you put it into the Bed-, it is fuppofed to have been 
out^ and in the y^/'r, which if it have heen/^io/Ji^ never fo little^ will 
have Rais'dthe Strings a little^ which you muft grant an Inconve- 
nience^ (although it (hould be bmfmal/-)} But by putting It into 
a Bedj Remedied. 

And alway-s obferve, when a Lute is taken out of a Bed, the 
Strings are more Lanl^than they were before ^ which may more 
eafijy be perceived by the bigger Strings, of the Bajfes : for ihey 
will ever (at the coming outof the^fi^^ be f /^^fcr than any of 
the fnialler OSravcs^ which P^irs with Them : The Thicker ithere- 
fore a String is, the more doth it partake of the moifinefs of 
the Air, and (b mufl: needs i'n'eZ^ proper tionably , and be the 
morejlurp. 

Thirdly, Whereas I (aid the Lrtte would fonnd more Lively and jd. Reafon. 
Briskjy ^ There is very good Reafon for That : Becau(e all the 
Mijiy Vapours and Dampnejs (which is the cau(e of the Dulnefs of 
Sound) will be expelled •-, (b that all the Natural Brisknefs which 
is in a Lute, will fjevp it flf, having no Interruption. 

Befides, it helps to Mellow a Lute 5 For Experience tells us, that 
an old Lute is Bitter than a New One. 

And the Reafon mufl: needs be, becau(e that in a New Lute there 
is more of moijlnefs in the Fores of the Wood, than when it is 0/4 
Seafoned, and well Mcllorved. 

And truly I have found as much Dijfcrence at Times, in One and 
the fame Lute, as if I had play'd upon Two feveral Lutes •■> which is" 
very eafie to be perceived, by any one who will obferve a Lute 
at one Time left Carelefly, and expos'd to damp Air, and at ano- 
ih?r Time, laid up in a warm Bed, and ordered as I have given 
Directions. 

And as I alfo (aid. It will give you Pkafure in the very Hand- 
ling of //^ you will as eafily perceive the Reafon of that: For the 
Bed will dry up all the Adoisture^nd Clamminefs, which moiji wea' 
ihcr conftantly occalions to any thing made of iVood, &c. 

Fourthly, If you have occaliou to fet your Lute at a Higher Pitch, 4th. ReaCon. 
you may then the better do it ^ becaufe the Strings being Dry, and 
free from Swelling, they will both hold better, and alfb the Lute is 
in no i/^w^er thereby •-, becaufe the Clew is hard andjirong, (b that 
both the Bridge and Barrs are Tite, and all things well able to en- 
dure the ftretch ; which if you (hould do to a Lute lying abroad, 
expos'd to the moiJi Air, in a Damp Room, or the like 5 (irft. Snap 
goes your Strings, and it may be by and by off comes your Bridge ^^ 
and your Barrs cannot hold long fa§i. 

Ail which Mifchiefs I have often known 5 the which are afTu- 
tedly prevented by a JVarmBed' 

Fifthly, 



54 



The Ciyil 'P^^t ; or, 



yth. Reafon, 



5th. Rcafon. 



A Caveat 
needfull. 



7th. Rcafon. 



Fifthly, It will keep the Injlrument from Decay. 

It is a ufual faying. That an Oak^\s loo years in Grovpwg^ ico 
years Standrffg^ and loo years m Dec ajii»gj which is fuppos'd to 
ftand in al/ Weathers^ wet and dry. 

Now if T/^^ ThickJlroKg-lfiJiy-J}jirdy-Oali will (m loo years J' 
Decayy by (uch ufage; How much more eafilythen^ muft a Lnte 
(made offo gentle foft Wood, and Jo very ih'in) with fuch like ill 
nfage) Decay? 

Yet we fee, that many Lutes there ^re, of a Great Age--^ and I my 
(elf have at this prelent, a Lute made of >fyre, that is alove loo 
years old^ a vexy Jirong and Tite Lute, and may yet laft ico or 200 
^e^rj- more, provided it can be kept according to Jifs Careful/ Or- 
der prefcribed. 

Sixthly, It will fave the Barrs firOf>t (inking, except you now or 
then give it a kpock.--^ for nothing fooner than Moifture (except 
It ) gives liberty, or occafions the Barrs to ftnk^, for the Reafons 
aforefaid. 

Therefore, a "Bed will fecvre from all Theje inconveniences, and 
keep your Glew Co Hard as Glafs, and All fife andfure 5 only to be 
excepted, ihat no Verfon be fo inconfiderate, as to Jumble doren upon 
the Bed whilB the Ltite is There 5 For I have h^own feveral Good 
Lutes (poil'd with fuch a. Trick: 

Seventhly, and Laftly, That Lute-play thereby rnufl needs be 
much Facilitated, will appear very Plain j when as it will be con- 
fidered, That all Thoje forefaid fix Inconveniences will be taken 
away, by This Order and Care. 

Therefore it muft needs follow, that the Young Scholar will be 
eafed of much Trouble, and confequently take a greater Delight and 
Vleafure both in the Lute, and in his VraUice. 

I have now done with Thofe Reafons, why I would have a Lute 
kept moft conftantly in a Bed, when it is in daily ufe ; But at other 
times, when it is not ujed^ a good warm Cafe, lined with Bayes with- 
in, and covered with Leather without, with Lock.and Key, andHaJps, 
will be very neceffary. 

Yet AllThefe are not a fujjjcient Jecurity for //, if it fhould ftand 
in a Damp Room, for then both Lute and Cafe will be all mouldy, 
and Come in pieces. 

Therefore care muft be taken that It always ftand in (brtie warm 
Room, where a Fire is conflantly ufed, or ("next to that) upon your 
Bed-Tejlor. 

Let This fiiffice for keeping your Lute fafe. 

I have now (except Stringing^ (poken o£ All Things I can at pre- 
fent think upon that I judge 7?if, or may conduce to the Benefit of 
every O»e,who is a Lover and Keeper of a Lute, that they may know 
how to be able either to doe,ov give DireUions to haVe Them done, 
according to This moji Compleat and neceffary Order : and it is no 
Hard Work,, ^^^ Troublefome, but very Delight full to any A&ive and 
Ingenuous Verfon, and a Commendable Recreation , befidcs all the 
aforefaid Benefits and Conveniences. 

I will next proceed to the stringing of the Lute- 

CHAPj 



7 he Lute made Eafe. i5«^ 



C H A p. VI. 

As to the Strif7ging oF the Lute^ take 7his Gemral Direction. Son^c Ger.eral 
The firft thing you are to confider, is the size ofyour Lute j fn'^Hv'°"4!'f 
2ly. The Subjlance and Strength of" it. Stringing of a 

And as to the Sizc^ if it be a Large Lute^ it mufl have the Roiwder • ^""^^^ 
Sfrwgs 5 and a S/f/al/ Lute^ the Smaller- 

Then again (as to the StihUance) if it be a Strotyg firm-mtde 
Lute, it may bear the T:hickcr Strings j but \'iWeal^ ^ud. Crazy, theri 
the Smaller Strhigs. , 

Yet I rather advife to String it, according to the 6'7"z,e, than the 
Strength^ &c. 

Firll, Becaufe in fb doing, a Lute has niore Natural Right done 
it, and will return you, more Acceptable Content^ in token ol Its 
Cratefithi'fs, 

2ly. Becaufe a L;//e that is Crazy and ^Fe^^, may have Eaje 
dons it, in fetting it at a Lower Pitchy (if you Cec caufc) fome- 
limcs. 

But if vou be to u(e your Lute in Confort., then you muft String 
it, wnhfttchftzd Strings, Co as it may be rl/imp, and Full Sounded, 
that it may bear up, and be heard, equal with the other tnjirn- 
nietjts, or e](e you do Little to the purpofe. i 

' Another General Obfervation muft be This, which indeed is the The very prin- 1 
* Chiefiji i viz. that what Jiz'd Lute fbever, you are to String, you cipa) obicrva- » 
' mufl: fo fuityonr Strings, as (m the riming you intend to fit it at') s°r'inging Iff a 
' che strings may all ftand, at a Vroportionable, and even Stiffhej's, lute. 
' otherwifc, there will arife Two Great Inconveniences 5 the one to the 
' Performer, the other to the Auditor, 

And here Note, that when we fa)', a Lute is not equally Strung, 
it is, when feme Strings atefiiff', and fome Jlac{. 

Nor can any man play Co Evenly, or Equally well, upon fur h a 
Stri/rg Inftn/went, as upon one well Strung--, efpecially when he is 
to Run Dwifion : For it will be, as if a man were to (liew Nimble 
Eootm.nifdip, and were confined to Run over a piece of uneven 
Ground, with hard, and foft Places mixd together- 

Sure, he muft needs Run ttnequally, in Thofe places, or flacky his 
face, or e\Ce ftumble and fall. Even ibis it with fuch an unequal 
Strung Inurnment. 

Then again, it mufl: needs be perceivable by the Auditor •■, for 
whenfoever fuch unequal performance is made, the Life and spirit 
oC the AJuficl^isloB. 

Thus having given you Thefe General Obfervations, in Stringing 
your Lute, I (hall now more Nicely, give you ibme other, more 
Particular. 

The firft and Chief Thing is, to becarefull to get Good Strings, More parrlcu- 
which would be of three forts. Viz. Minikins, Venice-Catlr'ns, lar Obierva- *"" 
and Lyons, (for Bajfcs : ) There is another fort oi Stringr, Xvhich sTr^ngs! ^° 
they call Prjioy Bajjes , which I conceive are none other than 

K Thick, 



66 The Qhil '^an ; or. 



Thicks Venice- Catlitts^whxch. are commonly Djied^ with a deep dar\ 
red colour. 
And what They are indeed the very Beft, for the Eajjes^he'mg fmooth and 

a°e^Beft/'"^' ri'dl-twiJied Strings^ but are hard to come by :, However out of a 
Xiood parcel of Lyon Strings^ you may (with care) pick tho(e 
which will ierve very ivell. 

And out of thefe three forts, Firft, chufe for your Trebles, 2^/j, 
,a,ds, and fome of your fmall OUavts^ (efpecially xYiQfixth ) out 
of your Minikins. 

Then out of your Venice-Catlins, for your ^^ths, ^ths, and moft 
of your other O&aves. 

Your nfhoys, or Lyons, only for the Great BaffeL 
There is a fmall ibrt of Lyons, which many ul^, for the OClaves 5 
But I care not for Them, they being conftantly Rotten, and good 
for little, but to make Frets of. 
How to chufe Now that you may know^ all thefe Strings, and alto how to 
your Strings, j^now Good^ from Bad, take thele following Obfervations. 
Minikins. Firft know,that Minikins are made up always, in long-thin-fmalt 

Knots, and 60 are to be in a Bundle. 
Catlins. Venice-Catlins are made up, vafjort double Knots, and 30 doubles 

in a Bundle. 

Both which, are (generally) at the fame Trice, and the figns of* 
Goodnefs, both the (ame 5 which are, firft the Clearnefs of the 
String to the Eye, the Smoothmfs, and Stiffnefs to the Finger^ 
and if they have T^^ f »><? qualities , difpute their Goodnefs no 
further. 
Lyons. The Ij'(7;^ String, is made up in a double Knot , but as Long as 

the Minikin, 

They are fold (commonly) fcy the D^jzewj^and not made up in- 
to Bundles. Their Goodnefs may be perceiv'd, as were the other .° 
But they arc much more Inferiour Strings than the other. 
Coloured \ hayg fometimes leen Strings of a Tellovpif) Colour, very Good:, 

Strings. y^j._^ j^j^j. (^.](]oni 5 for that Colour is a general //^« of Rottennefs, or 

of the (5?ec4^ of the String. 

There are feveral Sorts of Coloured Strings, very Good j But the 
BeB ( to my oblervation ) was always the clear Blue ; the Red^ 
commonly Rotten j {bmetimes Green, very Good. 
How to keep As concerning the keeping of your Strings, you muft know, 
your Strings. ^\^q^q ought to be a Choice Care taken 5 for they may be very Good 
when you buy them, but Jpoiled in a quarter of an hours time, if 
they take tf;7j/ i3?ef, or moiii Air. Therefore 5 our beft way is, to 
Tvrap them up clofe, either in an Oyl'd Paper, a Bladder, or a piece of 
Sear-cloath, fuch as often comes over with Them, which you may 
(haply) procure, of them who fell your Strings: Yet they are 
not very willing to par^t with it, except they Cell a. Good quantity 
of Strings together. 

Which, when you have thus done, keep them mfome clofe Box, 
or Cupboard 5 but not amongft Linen, ( for that gives moijhre , ) 
and let them be in a Room where there is, or ufeth to be, a Fire 
0j$en : And when at any time you open them for your Vfe, take 

heed. 



7 he Lute made Eafie, 57 

heed, they lye not too long open^ nor in a dark^lVindovo^ or ffioiji 
place : For moijlure is the rvorji Enemy to your String!. 

Forget not, to Tyc, or bind them clofe^ or hard together. 

I will now begin to help you to String your Lute, and the fiift The firft , 
thing I would have you take notice of, is to know how to pidl (ut springing th? 
a String well--. For I have feen many a Good string (poiTd'tor want Lme- to be 
of the heji way, and Care in this particular : And Thus it is 5 obfcrv'd; 

Your Minikint and Venice-Catlins, will generally Run quite out, 
after you begin to pull them at the right end. 

In your Minikjn^ ob(erve to find the running end. 

Then take it either with yom Fingers^ or your Teeth, ("hold- 
ing the contrary end faft with your Finger and Thumb, to keep it 
from Ruffling, or Running upon crofs TwiTis ) fb may you draw 
it quite out, to the twijied place 5 the which you muft be Carefidl to 
untrviji, otherwile you will draw it into a Knot, and (b loje a good, 
( or it may be the hell ) part of your String. 

Thus will mod: Strings run out eafily ^ yet fometimes they will 
run a-crofi, and not come out well, without your farther Cdre^ 
which muft be, to find out the other twined end, and (b with a 
Tin, or (brae (uch Thing, open that T'roifi, by which means you ' 
will fave your String, otherwile ( if you force it ) you j^oil, or 
breaks it. 

Secondly, when yout String is well open, and ybU find kfmooth. The feconcJ. 
and free from Knots, Try its.Jirength, by taking it at one end in both \ 

hands, pulling it j^ hard, till you perceive it Strong, or Rotten i, \ 

And if it be a right good fir on g String, it will many times endanger 
xh^ Cutting into your Flefl), rather than it will breaks, yea, although 
it ht^ fmallTrcble-Minikin String : But your Venice-Cdtlins will 
(carcely be broken, by a Mans (reafonable) firength. 

Thirdly, when you are thus far (atisfied concerning the f'it- The third. 
nefi of your choice, both for firength and size, then endeavour 
to find, aTrue length of that String, for your purpole, (the which 
is both a pritty Curiofty to do, and a'lfb Necejfary :,') And thus 
'tis done. 

Firft, draw out a Length, or more, then take the End, and mea- How to chufe 
fire the length it muft be of, within an Lnch or trvo, (for it will ctrlr*^*"^ ?h ""^ 
flretch fo much at kail, in the winding up) and hold That length moft airious. 
in both hands, ex/eWe^/ to a rea(bnabley?i^/e/} 5 Then with one p'ece of skill 
of your Fingers firike it, giving it fo much liberty, in flackfief, as '" ^'""^''S' 
you may fee it Vibrate, or open itfelf:, which if it be True, it will -^ 

appear to the Eye, juft as if there were Two Strings 5 but if it Ihews 
more than Two, it is falfe, and will (bund unpleafmtly, w^on your 
Jnfirument'-j nor will it ever be ivell in Tune, either Jiopt or open, 
hut fnarle. 

But then again, if you find it to be True, at the whole length, you 
muft further examine it, how it will (hew it felf upon the Frets, 
( viz, fiopt ; ) For you muft know, that moft Strings that are True 
Open, ( that is, the whole Length unfiopt ) when you come to make 
uCeo^Them amongft the Frets (fiopt,) they will be Falfe-^ There- 
fore This muft be your conftant way, to Try Them, viz. when you 

K 2 hav6 



68 The Qhil Tan ; or. 



have found a String True the whole Lengthy hold it ftill as you did 5 
but with that hand which holds the £«^ you intend for the Frets 
(or t/ppermoji) take up about an Inch fiorter^ and then Jiri^e 7/, 
and fee how you li^ it, according to your former Dire6tio»s : 
Then again another Inch, and Co try it again, and in conclufion 
again and again , fo far as you have nfe of that String amongSi 
your Frets. 
Note how far And here Note, fome Strings ( generally ") are not (iopt be- 

you rnuft find j i ^ , i ^v. to- i '^ ^ r -' ^ . 

your String yoxid the Letter rf, as the 4th. String, upon the French Lute, Flat 
True. Tuning. 

The 5th. String, not ufually beyond the Letter f 
The 6th. not beyond the Letter d, &c. according as you may 
perceive, by the Reajon of Tuning •■, in regard cvQxyfnialler String 
takes off the Greater, at the Tuning Place. 
A Good Note So that in the General and Ordinary u(e of the Lute, Leffhns are 
oTieffonr,'"^ not (et (nor fliould be, except upon fome Extraordinary Occajion) 
ther upon with jiopt Strings, when you may have Open Strings.;which will do 
Luce or Viol, ^j^^ Bufinefs , and for two very good Reafons. 

Firft, bccaufe an open String is move Jvpeet, and Freer oF Sound, 
than a Jiopt String. 

2ly. Becaufe the iewer Jlopf Strings you have, the eajier muft 
your Leffo?i needs be. 
How far there But your Treble string, would always be examin'd and found 
offiJdfng'I"^ 2rwe, to h,y, or k., becaufe there is no other String, to take 

Siring True, it off. 

Your 2d. string likewifo to h, or yj becaufe it is often us'd 
fo far. 

Your Third would be found True to e, or /, at leaftj for the 
Jame Reafon. 

But all your Diapafins, if you find them only True open, ('viz. 
at their Length ) it will be jufficient , becaufe They are never 
fiopt. 

Thus much may (uffice for direftion oC finding a True String. 

Yet you muft know, that although you put on All your Strings 
True to day, to morrow fome or other of Them teill many times Jiretch 
Themfelves falfe or uneven : Therefore you muft be the more 
careful!, to give It a Review the next day, if you intend to be very 
Curious. 
To Fret the 'j'jjg jjext Thing ( after your Lute is Thus Carefully Strung J is 

to Fret It 5 which if your Lute lye well, and your strings be put 
on True, is no hard matter to do: Yet there is a Curiojity in doing 
it. Therefore Note, 

Firft, to chufe your B Fret, fo Thici^ as well you may, (accor- 
ding to the Lying of your Nutt, and Strings ■-, ) For the Thicker 
That Fret is, the more eafly may you ft all the Re^ : becaufe that 
in Fretting, every next Lower Fret, would be fome fmall matter 
Smaller, than the next above, ( quite through : ) Yet This Rule is 
fiot obferv'd by mo^, who are Carelefs '5 fo that oftentimes, their 
Instrument Jarrs, and Sounds unpleafantly. 

Now therefore obferve firft, to Tye on, or faUen a Fret well, 

fo 



Lute 



The ILute made Edfie. 



6p 



Co that it may be Jirffl and not to be viovd (eajily) out of its 
rlace. 

And you will find, that the frB Fret, will be ever the hardeji, 
to Tje well on^ for two Reafons. 

Firft, becaute it is the Thid^U, therefore not (b ready to fly, 
and Jiretch. 

2dly. Becaufe there is but a little narroroer roem above It, by 
reafon it is (b near the ^utt : Therefore you muft be the more 
C2ireM],to Jiretch It very well, before yon fettle It- 

The way to Tj/e on a Fret the be^ way, is Thus ; viz. Your Lute The beft way 
ftanding fas it were) before you upon zTalk, upon /fj- Jg^c^, Fr^afterthe 
take your Fref, and put It douhk,Hnder all the Strings, beginning oidFaihion, 
from the Baffes, towards the Trebles 3 then ( putting your Left ""''^^- double. 
Band under the Neck^) take That Middle Double, and draw it un- 
der the Nec^ towards the Bajfes, (holding faft the two Ends in 
your Right Hand) till you have brought them together, (viz. the 
Middle Nooze, and the Two Ends. ) 

Then take that End next you, which you held in your Right 
Hand, and put it through That Nooze, fo, that you make another 
Nooze of That End, and then let the jfri? Nooze go. 
" Then again, take but the other End, which ftill remains in your 
Right Hand, unujed, and put It through your laji Nooze, taking the 
Ends, f in each hand one ) and let All elje go, and ("only drawing 
them ftraight_) your bufinefs of Tying is over. i 

This being done, ( now comes the Curiofity, to Stifen, FaUen, TheCurioficy l 
and Fix This Fret ) I fay, take the Fret ( thus far faftned ) and ofStiffhing,, 
draw Itfo clofe ("by both ends) as you can well, to fiiffen It to the pre?'^'"^ * 
Neckj, then, (holding both Ends faSf, my om Left Hand) with your 
Right Hand and Left,^rce It down fo low (tow zrds C D. E. F.&c.) 
as you can '-, then put It up again to the Nutt, where you'l find it 
much too wide o'c Jlack^--) therefore take the £:»£//, (in each hand 
0«e) and dvaw It Jiiff^ and clofe again J then (as before) down 
with it, fo low as you can, and up again : Thus do it three or four 
times, till at laft you find itflif, and Co faji, that it will fearce be 
Jiirr'd, to Its place ofB. (which is but a very little fpace.) 

But here Note, that at laft, before you force it down, to Its place 
at E. you are ( after all ftretching ) to Tye it, of another hard Knot, 
and then it '\s firmly fajl. 

And except you ferve This firfl Fret Thus, you will always be 
Troubled with It in your Flay- 

And if you take notice oCmojl Lutes and FiWi-,where(bever you 
come, you will find Them defective in This fir !i Fret, for want of 
fuch a Care, as here I have diredted unto, which is a great Inconvs' 
nience to the Inflrument, and the Mufic^Thereof. 

I have been the longer about This, becaule I know it fo very 
Needfidl '■, and alfo have taught you to Tye on All the other by This ; 
but they will all be eafier to fiijfen than This, because they all have 
more Room upwards, in the Narrow of the Nec^, than That has ; 
And befides, they being aWfmaller fizd Strings, will the more eafily 
fir etch, and ply, to their Jiiffnefs and clofenefs. 

There 



70 The Qyil 'Pan ; or, 



AfingieFret There is a way which I have lately try'd, and I find it much 
the beft. Better, which is, to Fre^ a Lute with fwgle Strings. ■ 

My Reafbn i^, becau(e it is not only fioner done, and with a 

jlwrter String •-> but chiefly, it does (afluredlyj caufe a Clearer 

Sound from the String ilopt -j which mud: needs be granted, if it 

be confidered, that x\\& String lying upon This only Round Jingk 

Fret, cannot hut lpeal{^Clear, when as ("on the contrary^ it lying 

upon Two, fas in the Douhle Fret it doesj it cannot be thought to 

J JP^^kfi Clear, becaufe, that although it Lye h.ird and clofe, upon 

' the uppermofi of the two, next the Finger, yet it cannot lye fb 

very clofe and hard, upon the undermojl •■, Co that it mufi: needs 

Fuzz, a little, though not eajilj difcern'd, and thereby, takes off" 

fomething oC Its Clearnefs, efpecialjy if the Fret be nThicl^broad- 

Pouble-Fret. 

This I confefs is a Curioflty, yet I think it worth 'Examination^ 
' heC^Viih the Eu({nefs it felf if a Curious Thing. 
This is (ufficient for Stringing and Fretting. 
The next thing is to Tune your Lute , and place your Fretjf 
Ri^ht. 



Chap. Vir. 

How to place "VT O w to Tune your Lute, (which is a principal piece oiCurioJity) 

the Frets hy l\ you muft begin whctc you left, viz. at the Fre/j-, for your 

Tmiing the prets ate not to be drawn quite down, to their proper Places, till you 

have (bme Ajjurance, of thofe proper Places 5 the which mud: be, by 

your Ears, \n Tuning. 

I confefs there is a Mathematical Rule , arid way, to place the 
Frets, and is u(ed in Bandores, Aiiferions, Citterns, and Inflrumentr 
Strung with Wyar Strings-^ by which any Terfon, having neither 
Ear, nor SkjU in Mufick^, may (et them perfectly right , by That 
Rule : Yet That way will not hold exa&ly (always) with our Guti- 
StrJngs, except they were exaUly True, as generally Wyar Strings 
are 5 but in regard of their (b often being Falje, the BeU way is to 
place your Frets as you Tune up your Lute, by your Ear, according 
to Vnifons, ^ds, $ths, and Bths. 

Therefore I fay, firft, T/we // fo well as you can Open, (without 
Frets ) making All agreeing Strings accord, in their feveral Con- 
cords --^ And when you avefofatisjied, then attempt the Jixjng of 
your Frets to their Certain Places, and not before. 

The which muft be, by fixing your Frets exaUly, according to 
the Vnifons of your Tuning, fit, ( the which ihall be let you in 
its proper place : ) And the more Exadl your Lute is Strung, the 
more readily will your Frets find their Places^ and confequently 
your Bufinejs oC Tuning the eajier. 

This being done, your Lute is ready for aGoodHand ; which, 
becaufe I would have you to have, I wifl proceed by fuch in- 

faUibh 



The Lute made Eafte, 71 



fallible Rules and DireUiof^s , as you (hall not fail in the okxin- 
i»g thereof 

The Rule for7nmng^\s (et down in the 12?^. chapter. 



Chap. VIII. 

I Will fuppofe you to be a Very t^ew Beginner, and that you ^otv Concerning 
NoihifTg at all towards the Bujinefs •■, for fich an One I had ^"'^'^'P'^y- 
rather chufe for my Scholar, than One already Enter d--^ except 
by a sh^lfitll and Care full Majier, who has riot (uffer'd them to 
run into Ill-Habits : My Reafons for this fhall be fhewed irt their 
due place. 

The FirU Thing I would have you regard, is your Poftm-e, viz. Tlic firft do= 
How to fit, and hold yorir Lute : For the GoodPoJinre has two Com- vvTds" Lme- 
tnoditics dependiiig upon it. play. 

The firft is, it is Comely, Credible, and Traffe-voorthy. 

The 2d. is, it is AdvantageoUi, as to Good Performance, which 
upon your Trjial, you will foorl perceive, although very many do 
not mind it. 

'Now as to Thff Order, firft (et your felf down agamd zTable^ The Pofture; 
*in as Becoming a. Pojiure, as you would chufe to do for your Beji 
' Reputation. 

' Sit Vpright and Straight ; then take up your Lute, and lay the 

* Body of it in your Lap a-Crofs j Let the Lower part of It lye upon 1 
' your Right Thigh 5 the Head ere£fed againft your Left shoulder ' 
' and Ear 5 lay your Lefphand doivn upon the Table, and your Right 

' Arm over the Lute, (b, that you may fet your Little Finger down -<. 

* upon the Belly of the Lute, juft under the Bridge, againfi the Treble 
' or Second String •■, And then keep your Lute fiiff, zx\a flrongly fet 
'' With ns lower Edge zg^m^ithc Table-Edge^ and fo (leaning your 
' Brea^ fomething Hard againft Its Ribbs ) caule it to Jiandfieady 
'• and flrong, fb, that a By flander, cannot edjily draw it from yot& 
' Breaft, Table and Arm. 

'This \s the vao^i Becoming, Steady, and Benefcial Poflure. 

Thereafon why I order your L^//f Hrf« J to lye upon the Table, Note the Rea- 
ls for an efpecial Great Beneff-, For if firft you be thus able to fon of laying 
manage the holding of your Liite tvith One Hand, the work will upon j^^^*^^ 
come eaflly on, becaufe the work of the Left Hand is the fnofi Dif bie. 
fittdt, and therefore riiufl have no hindrance, or impediment, but 
maft be Free. 

And the holding of the Lute Nec^, »p with It, ( as very many 
do) takes away the chief Strength, Liberty and A&ivity oi That 
Hand-.} therefore gain but thisO»e Ability at the very frji, and it 
will give you Eafe, and Conte?2t ever after, and enable you to do *** 

that which others fiall never be able to do,wh6 hold their Lutes by 
the Labour of the Left Hand. 

This at firft will eafily be gaind^ but afterwards not.i 

The 



72. The C^yil Van ; or. 



Theid.work The 2d. thing to be gain'd is, letting dovm your Link Fivger 
is the Little upon the BeUji^'^s aforefaid, cloje under the 'Bridge^ about the frjl^ 
'^'^^^' ad^ ^d, or j{th. Strings ^ for thereabout, is its covjiant jiatjon. 

It fteadies the Hand^ and gives a Certainty to the Gra^. 
The ;d. is The 3d. thing is, (keeping all hitherto in 7his ToUnre ) j^an 

your Thumb, oitt yourlhumb^^movig^ the Bajjes^ and lay the end of /^ doven^ up- 
on which you plea(e, but rather upon the Lafl^ Twelfth^ or Greateji 
Beviwyour Bajs^ and when you have thus made your Span or Crajp, view 
Pofture. your Vo^i/re m all refpeds. 

A mofi rccef- 'And Firft, mind if you fit Comlily^ Vpright and Straight. 
fary v>ork to ' adly. If your Lute be not fimk^ down^from its Exaltation, with 
be gam d. <■ the Heads, gdly. Th:it you com'mne It Jiiff^ and jieadilji-Jirong, 
'againd: theT^r/i/e. 4thly. That your Le// H?W, remain flill //p^?/? 
'■the Table. 5thly. That your Little Finger, be i)i\\\ fxt under the 
'■Bridge. 6thly. That your T/^a*;/- eW, lye upon the /^zi? £^yj^ I 
'mean, the End of your Thumb, about half an Inch over the lajl 
' Bafs, and about three or four Inches above the Bridge. Laftly, 
' That in This PoUure of your Right- Hand, your Right-Hand tVriJi, 
' rife up, to a Convenient Roundnefs ^ yet not too much, but only 
' to an Indiferency , and to keep it from Flatnefs , or Lying a 
'■ long, &c. 

' 54ow, by that time, which you can Examine mell, all Thefe Per- 
^ forn/anccs, 'tis two to one, but you find your (elf to^/7, infomc 
' one, or other of Them ; therefore, before you proceed any further, 
' Recife your Fault or Faults, and enable your felf, to Jit in This To- 
'■Jiure, for fbme time, till you find an Aptitude thereunto,which will 
* be, in one quarter of an hour, or le(s. 

'This, although it (eem but little, will be Greatly to the 
' rnrpnfe. 

And now,fiippofing you are perfeB in your FosJures, proceed 
to the frikjng ofaString,the which firft, fliall be the Trvelfth, (the 
String on which your Thumb lyeth. ) 
Note how ro And as to that IFcrk^, it is only (firft) keeping your Thumb 
fhlke the firft fraight, and fi iff, and gently prejjing down that String, ( with an 
yom'^Pofiture eafie Jlrength ) fo, as your Thumb may only fip Over it, viz. That 
is gain'd. rair,(for you mufi: know, that always the Pairs, are Jiruck^ toge- 
ther) and reft it felf upon the next (or Eleventh ) String, your 
Thumb then ftanding ready, to do the like to That String 5 and fo 
from String to String, till you have lerv'd all the row oiBaffes after 
xht fame manner. 

And when you are able thus, to ftrikc them Forrvards, try to 
practifc them Backwards, which will prefently be done, and the 
TCrhole duty ( or ivorlO of the Thumb, quite fnified. 

But This you mull: remember, viz. when ever you Jirikg a Bafs, 
be fure, you let your Thumb reji it felf, upon the next String, and 
ihere let it remain, till you have Uje of It elfewhere. 

And this is the only way, to drarv from a Lute (as we term it) 
the fweeteii Sound, that a Lute is able to yields which being per- 
fected, you may conclude, half the rvork, of your Right Hand 
accomplifjed. 

The 



The Lute made Eafie, 73 

-■ " — - - I ■ 

The 4th. thing is, to teach you the Vfe of your Fw?ers^ and is ^J'^^ ^^ 

_, J 05 Tiling, IS the 

Th//f done. ufeolthctin- 

Firft, obferving ftill,all your firmer Pojittres carefully^ with your g^rs. 
"Thumb ever rejling upon (bme one of the Bajfes^ (where you 
pleafe ) put the End oF youv fecond Finger., a very little under the 
Treble String., ( about three Inches above the Bridge) as if you 
did intend only to feel your String., having your Fore-fnger (at the 
fame time ) clofe adjoyning in readinefs, ( yet not touching your 
fecond Finger., or the String •.y) then draw up jom fecond Finger., 
from under the String , forcing the String with a pritty fmart 
Twitch., fyet gently too) to caufe it to fpeaky?wz?^ and Loud ■-, the 
which, try to do (everal times, fb.long, till at laft you perceive, 
(by (everal ways oi Tryal ) you can draw a fweet., fmart., and 
fleafant Sound from That String •■, and when that is done, ftrive 
to do the like with your Fore-fnger., ( your fecond Finder keep- 
ing the fame PoUurc oF clofenefs and readinefs., as your Fore-jingcr 
kept. ) 

Then, try to divide yomjiro^s equally, betwixt your Fingers 5 
beginning firft, with your fecond Finger., and then with your frfi: 
And (b endeavour to ftrike the Number of four firokes, equally and 
evenly-) ever obferving to begin with the fecond Finger : at which -^ 

Jiroke., you (hall count one.,ihen, with your Fore-finger., count trvo^ 
your fecond Finger again, count three.,z.n6. the /^,with your Fore- 
finger., count four. 

And ThM' praftife to count i, 2, 5, 4, often 5 and fa long, till 
you find you can do them readily, equally, and evenly , and never 
to firike twice together with the fame Finger. 

Now what I mean by Equally., and Evenly, will be rvell worth Equally and 
your Noting, and has a double (ignification or meaning. Evenly, dcub- 

Firft, I mean by Equally anH Evenly, that all the number o£jirokes Jj^^q^qj""' 
which you make, be for Loudnefs alike. 

Secondly, for proportion of Time alike, neither one louder or fafier 
than another, nor one quicker or flower than another ; the which 
to do, is a very Curious piece of Performance, and will lay afabjlan- 
tial Ground, or Foundation, for Excellent Good Play 5 Both which 
may well be attained unto, in half an hours time, Vv^ith diligent ob- 
fervation. 

But in the doing of This., take notice, that you firike not yoifr <. 

Strings with your Nails, as (bme Ao, who maintain it the BeU way 
of Play, hut I do not:, ar\d£or This Reafon^ becaufe the Nail cannot IhyfheN"'ils 
draw fo fweet a Sound from a Lute, as the nibble end of the Flefa are not fo 
can do. §^°'^;° ''."^ 

Sounds ivirh, 

I confe(s in a Confart, it might do well enough, where the A4el- ^^ ^'^'^ vicQ:..^ 
lownefs ( which is the moft Excellent fatisfaUion from a Lute J is ^ 

loji in the Crowd 5 but Alone, I could never receive (b good Content 
from the Nail, as from the Flefa : However (This being my Opinion') 
let Others do, as (eeras 5e/? ^^ Them/elves. 

And diat you may learn to firike a string Clear, and Clean, take ^^^^ ^^ ^,-^^^ ^ 
notice, that m your flroke., you (trive to draw your Finger a little aStringclear^ 
Vpwards, and not slanting, for that will endanger the hitting of ^"^'^ ^''^"' 

L another 



«. 



74 "^he Qyil Van ; or. 



amther Strings together with That Strings you intend to Strike 
Sivgk' This is called Chan Striking. 

AvdThifs^ when you find your felf able to ftrikc, and Count 
the Number of 4, or 8, or 16, ( or what even Number you 
pleafe ) Equally^ and Evenly, upon the Firji String •-, Then try to 
do the like upon the Second, Third, Fourth, or Fifth, &c. All 
which, I would have you Pra&ice, to do Smodthly, and Neatly^ ac- 
cording to all my former Dire&ions. 

And here fufFer me to Tautologize a little, -viz Your Lcft-Hand 
upon the Table 5 yonr Lvte Firmly Fix'd •-, your felf and It, in your 
True Pojiures'-) and when (but) This is done, luppofe your felf half 
a Lute-player 5 For now you have little, or nothing to do more, be- 
tides the bringing up, and ordering of your L eft-Hand, andfota 
joyn their Forces both together ^ which you fhall prefently, and ve- 
ry readily know how to do , as Thus, viz. 
How to order Firft, ( keeping your felf ftill in all your ExaU Pofitircs, before 
theLeft-Hiiid mentioned ) bring up your Left-Hand from the Table, bended, Juji 
like the Talents of a Haivkj All, excepting your ihumb, which 
muft ftand strait, and span'd out 5 your Fingers a\Co, all divided 
one from the other, in an Equal, and Handfome Order •-, and in 
ThisPoflftre, phce your Thumb vmdev the Neck,oi^ the Lute, a lit- 
tle above Q?) Frett, juft in the midft of the Breadth ofthe1SIeck},a.l\ 
your Four Fingers,in this Pofture,being held clofe over the Strings 
on the other fide, Co that each Finger, may be in a readinefs tojiop 
dovpn upon any Frett. 

And now in This Lively, And ExaU Pojiure, I would have your 
Pj&nre drarvn, which is the moft becoming PoBure, I can DireC^ 
unto, for a Luteniji ; and is all I can think upon Necejfary, as to 
Preparation for Good Play. 
All thePrepa- The next diing therefore (hall be, to proceed to It : To which 
radons are Fi- End, take notice o£ This Mufck_ Line, (which although there be 
Six Lines, yet we call them, a Mufck.Line, and the meaning of 
It is Thk. 

Thoje Six Lines, bear a reference to the Firft Six Ranks of your 
Lute-Strings : As for Example. 



Chap. IX. 

-^ — V f ^^~ e : ? ^ h y k . 

—g 6 ' r Is JL s s h y, k 

— a 6' r .^ <b s s h y, k 

— a f? r 3 ( L . f s h y k _ 

g G' r is <h s a \i y k 

THe Firft, or Vppermofl Line, you muft fuppole to refer, to 
your Fz>i?, or Treble-String, the 7d Line, to your 2d String, 
the 3ci Line, to your 5^/ string, the ^th, to your ^th, the 5//», to 
your '^th, and the loweU, or UU, to your 6th string. 

And 



'nifhcd. 



'J he Lute made Eafe, 75 



And whereas you (ee fever al Letters placed upon all thoft [eve- 
ral Lines h know. That thofe Letters do refer to the (everal Fretts^ 
upon the Ueck^o^ the Lute : As for Example. 

The Letter a, is ever to be Struck Open ( viz, unjiopt ) upoU 
that Strings on which Itjiands ; or plainer, r/**^ , viz. tA^? ^?m/^ ^ 

is ever to be Struck Open, when the Letter a Bandeth on That 
Line^ which refers to That String. Explain'd Thus, viT.. The 
TirU Letter a fkandeth upon the Fir/?, or Vppermoji Line 5 There- 
fore the Firft, or Treble String, is then to be Struck Open, : Like- 
■wife, the id Letter a, ftanding upon the 2d Line, (hews, That the 
2d String of your Lute, is then to be Struck open ; and (oof all 
the reft, as aforefaid. 

Now, for the LeWer <P, upon any Lme, it (hews, That they4«?e ,^ 

String of your Lnte muft he flop d clofe, to the upper moji Frett, 
■with the very Tipp of One of jour Fingers •■, And, (b of all the reft. 

The Letter t, clo(e to the 2d Frett, 7), to the Third, &c. and 
fo of all the reft, till you come to y and k- (The Letter Y being 
put inftead of /. And the Letter k, is the Laji, and Lotveji Frett. 

And here Note, That the Number of 9 Fretts, is the^ei? Nunt- ^ 
her for a Lute-Necitocany:, for if it bear fewer. It will be too Je^Jf F™ts 
JiDort, both as to the Proportion, and Comelinefs of the Injlrument, is beft upon a 
and Deficient as to the /^r^per g(7<7i:^ ufe required in a Lute--^ and if ^"te. , 

it bear more than 9, It will be Inconvenient, both as to the Pro- i 

portion of the rw^e, and al(b, as to the Breaking of Strings. 

Now, (uppofing you can find out ( readily ) every String, and 
Frett, according to thofe Six Lines , as alfb, Siop every Letter 
by the fame Rule, your Work will be very Eajie 5 for you have 
only, ^i.r other Ranks of Strings to take Notice of, which have -*»' 

no other Trouble, or Vfe, than to be conftantly Struc^Open with 
your Thumb only. 

And you (hall Know, and DiflinguiJIj ___ -— 

xh&mThus '■, vt%. They e.\QX jianding un- "^ I T 

<5?er f^oje Lines, and fo Mark^d'-^ as you ■ "-: 

(ee by This Explanation. ~ a -^d ^CL ^cL 4 5 

The Firft a, being called the 7th Strings the Second, with a Dafti 
before It, the 8th 5 the Third, with Two Dafties, the 9/^ ; the 
Fourth, with Three Dafties, the 10^^ , the f 7^»re of 4 the iithy 
and the Figure of 5 the 1 2th. 

And, but that Cujiom has prevailed, to make Thofe Six Ranks of 
Strings Thus, I conceive. It might be much Better, and more Troper, 
to MarkThem, with Six Figures, Thus, viz. I. 2. 5. 4. 5. 6. How- 
ever, there is no great matter in It 5 yet the Figures are both fooner 
Set, and fomething more Reafonable. 

By this time, I fiippole, you are (ufficiently informed in All 
thefe moft Necejfary Rudiments -, fo that me thinks I hear you fay, 
Pray Set, and Teach me a Lejfon 5 And indeed you are not far 
from It : And for the Preparation of which, take Notice once 
more of your MuJic^Line, where you may fee the full order of 
all your 12 strings together,according as we conftantly ufe Them. 

L 2 And 



,#e^ 



^6 The Civil 'Pan ; or. 



ja 

a 



a _ 

: a 



_a 



a 



a. ^GL ^a i^a ^ ^ 

And before you attempt any thing farther, vnxo them well ^^ 
and taking your Lute \x\to your Haad, enter into All your former 
Exa& PoUures, viz. FirikJ/tting in an Vpright-Cemely-roflure of your 
Body, with your Lute well fet., and firmly fixt between your Brea^.^ 
and the Table-Edge, your Right Hand plac'd over the Bridge, your 
Little-Finger fet down in Its proper place, about the Treble Part of It, 
and y out Thumb Spann'dfrom It, to the Laji, or Twelfth String, (viz. 
The Figure of ^.^ from which place (by the advantage of the cer- 
tainty of the Little-Fingers Place , being furely kept ) you (hall 
firft Pra£fice to hit all your Bafes, backwards, and forwards, in 
Order, and out of Order, all mamter of Crofs-ways, fo long, till you 
are affured of a ready Knowledge of each one , both by your 
Eye from your Book^, and by the performance o^ your Thumb •■) 
which, (as I (aid before) if you do it not all well,ino»e garter 
of an Hour, you will have cau(e to SufpeSt yottr felf of Doltifli- 
ne(s. 

But I (fu(pe61:ing no fuch matter from you ) believe by this 
time, you are able to Hit every String readily. 

Therefore I will now proceed, to (liew you the u(e of your 
Two FirH Fingers, the which will be about Juch a quantity ofTime^ 
in which you will have Them likewi(e Perfelt and Ready , to which 
purpole, fee here your Mnfcl^ Line again, which is an Explanati- 
on, by Letters and Line, of what I formerly told you, viz, Counting 
One^ Two, Three, Four, &c. yet ( with all ) there is an Addition 
of Time, or Proportion, by certain Notes, or CharaBers, (et over 
the Heads of the Letters, viz. Thus. 



4 Things ob- 
fervablein 
This Mufick 
Line,car€fully 
to be Noted, 
irA Fra&ifcd. 



J 

aaaa. 


J' 

aaaaaaaa 


J 


^ 


J 


i" 






0* • .. • 1 





aaaa i aaaaaaaa i 
1 \a.a.c 


la I aaaaaa 


1 


1 


xia ' 


1 




I 


1 •• • • 


•• • 1 






1 


1 


1 




&C.-, 






1 


1 


r 




/ 



In Thk Line there are 4 Things, which you are to take notice 
of. 

Firft, The Letters, and what Lines they Hand upon. 

Secondly, The CharaSlers of Time, Uanding over the Heads of 
ihofe Letters. 

Thirdly, The Fingering, expre(s'd by tho(e Pricks, underneath 
each Letter. 

Fourthly, The Dividing or Barring of Four, or Eight Letters, 
by thofe down-right Lines or Stroa^s, Explained Thus, viz. 

The ifi. 4 a'sy ftand upon the Treble String. 

The 



The Lute made Eafte, 77 



Sembreve^ Minim, Crochet, Quaver, Semiqua^ver, Tlemiquaver. 



J!i, 



The chAraSter of Time, over the ifi. a, (hews, that the other 
3. cCs are to be performed (every of them) as the i/?. a is, for 
matter of Time, or Froportion •-, and fo of the reft. 

The Pricks underneath, ftand, to fhew, with what dinger you <^ 

are to Strike each Letter, viz, Trvo Prides, fignifie the Second Finger, 
and One Frick^ the Fore-finger. 

Laftly, The down-right Sttoak., ( or 'Bar, as we call It ) ftiews 
the Evennefs, Stifficiencji, ox Obfervatiou, of a Ftttt Time, ( as I (hall 
here-after declare. ) 

And now (as to your practice from This Line, I would have 
you (^fitting, as I (aid, in all your comely and convenient Fosinres } 
with your Thumb Span'd out, and Rejiing, or Lying, with the End 
of It, upon fome of your Bajfes) ftrive to hit the \fi. 4, aV, as they 
are there (et. 

The \ji. a with your 2<;/. Finger:, and the 2(^. with your Fore- •*» 

i finger. ( The which, is All you have to do : ) For you may per- 
ceive, the other Two, are but the fame repeated. 

Then ftrive to put 4 Together, as you fee in the i/?. Barr 5 and 
when you can put 4 Together, pritty readily, then ftrive to put 
8, as Evenly as you can. 

But before I proceed any farther, I muft acquaint you with 
Thofe Chara&ers ftanding over the Heads of thoje Letters, which 
are of 2 feveral firts, as you may perceive, by their 2;4rw«x)w-;!^x^ 
and They (^ with Come fiw more, which I (hall here (et you down 
in This next Mufick^ Line ) are of (iich Eminent Vfe, and Ne- 
cejjity, in all manner of Mufick^, both Vocal, and Instrumental, that 
JsSothing can be performed well, without the knowledge of them. 
Therefore, (ee Them aU Here (et down together. 



Chap. X. 



T^He(e are the Chief mtes and charaUers,oC Muficl^s Proportions, The meaning 
-*• by which, (as they are placed, or (et over any Letters,m a Lef °l^°^^ ^^^ 
fon, ( as you fee in the foregoing Mufick, Line they are ) you may " 
know of what ^antity,a.ny Note or Letter is, in your whole Lejfon, 
As for Example. 

If a Crochet ftands over any Letter, (as there ftands one over the «£, 
firB a, in that Line afore(aid f,) you muft (ay, that That a is a 
Crochet j and becaule there ftands nothing over the next aaa't, 
they atse alfo of the (ame ^antity with the firfi a, viz. all Crochets. 

So 



7S 



The Qiyil Van ; or, 



The Chara- 
ftersof Time 
Compared to 
Money, 



So likewife there ftands a ^laver over the Fifth a. Therefore 
TAat a mufl: be calJed a ^laver : And the next 7 aaaaaaa s are 
therefore all gnavers, by thefime Rule : And fo likewife of all 
others. This is ftifficient to let you know the meaning, or ufe 
of Them. 

Now I will more particularly let you know their Tsifferences^ 
in their Exadt Proportions^ and QuAntities. 

Know therefore, {ifi. in general) that the firft Chara&er^ 
C viz. the Semibreve ) is the Character of the Longeji Proportion, 
generally needful in Lute-Tlay: And the Uli, (viz. the 2)e«?/- 
quaver _) is the Shortejl. 

And they are in Order, from the frjl (every one) but half 
Jo much as the foregoing Note. As for Example. 

I will Compare them to Money^ ( and mofi 'People will be rea- 
dy enough to count them the better ( Ifuppofe ) for That. 

Suppofe therefore, that the iji. Note ( viz. the Semibreve ) 
be a Groat^ ( which is your Chiej Note, of Note. ) 

And becaule you muft ftill divide by Halfes, you'l (ay, That 
the Minim muft be but a Tvpo-Tence., The Crochet a Tenny, The 
^aver a Half-Tenny.^ and the Semiquaver ( which is the Lafi^ 
and ShorteJi^generaWy'mtiCe') aFarthiug. - 

Trouble not your (elf, for the T)emiquaver^ till you have a 
quick Hand ^ It being half a Semiquaver. 

This is an Eafie^ and Tlain way 5 and in regard you have but 
Tive only to Trouble you, I (uppofe you will the more intently 
(irive to be able to underjiand Them, and be FxaU in performing 
Them 5 the which to do, I (hall put you infiich a way, that you 
cannot poffibly but be able to do Them in a veryftwrt time 'Fer- 
fe&ly. 

I will begin firft with the Semibreve, and give you Tts 'Defini- 
tion according to Its General Vje, by which you will underftand 
all the reft. 

To the right nnderjlanding of which, you muft know. That in 
j^Il Mufical 'Performances whatever, if they be done according to 
Art, tKey are done according to the Rule of Time-keeping, ( as we 
call It) which is ever obferved, and done by the Motion, ei- 
ther of Hand or Foot, during the whole time we either Sing or Flay. 

Now, becan(e upon an Jnflrument, both our Hands are imployed, 
we muft therefore keep Time, with a Foot : Which is to be done 
with an Exa£$ Cbjervation, in putting the Foot down and up, E~ 
qually ■, that is, to be Confiant to a True, and Even Motion^ with 
the Foot, down and up'.) like unto the Ballance of a good Clock. 

And the Be^ way to do it, is firft to be able to Count tht Num- 
ber of 4, Evenly, viz. as if you were fuppos'd to Meafure every 
Count, with a pair of Compares ; Thw, ! ! ! f , and not Thus, 
\ \ \ \ nor any way unequally ; by which Explanation, I (up- 
po(e you may underftand my Meaning, and is Thus C more plain' 
ly ) viz. ' Juft at your faying One, your Foot muf k^ock,, and re- 
' main down, till you have counted the Word Two ■-> then, juft as 
* you (ay the Word Three, your Foot mufl rife, and continue up, till 

you 



The Definiti- 
on of a Semi- 
breve. 



NotewellThif 



1 he Lute made Eafe, 79 



' you have iaidthe lVordFom\ and then down again at the TfW 

* One, And thus muft yonr Foot conjlantly be in Motion^ ditiing 
' your Tlaj^ and Fqnal/j dividing your T)ov£>n from yonr Vp, Co 
' Fxa&lj, that not the leaft 2)7^ere«cemaybeperceiv'd3 which, 

* if you Carefully pra&ice at the firli., you will ever contimte It ^ 
' but, if you be rcniifs in the beginnings you will ahvays after^ be 
' to/certain, not only, to your orvn hindrance, but alio, to aU others^ 

* Tvho fiall Tlay in Confort vpith you : Therefore jou cufinot be too 

* Careful, till you have gain d your Habit, which will quickjy begot. 

And here you muft take notice, That Thofe 4 Counts, perform'd what h trie 
■with your Foot , down , and up , is the Time, which we call a T™f(f ^|,!'f '"' 
Semibreve, (viz. your Groat j ) (b that, if you obferve, you will ^^ 

perceive, in the performance of It, that you have perform'd both 
the Minim, ( viz. the Two Tence ) and the Crochet, ( the Ten^y) 
only with Tim TUffeyence--, That whereas you have made but 
Gne Seniibreve-^ you have made Tivo Minims •-, and alfo 4 Crochets--) 
for the Minim, is only the TDovcn, or the Vp 3 and the Crochets 
are any Two of Thefe Counts, down, or up. 

Now here muft needs arife aQuejiion, v\z. How long rmtji you 
be, in Counting Thofe 4 Counts ? For you may be an Hour, or 
Two, ( more orlefs ) in doing of Them. 

And as to This, I ftiall direft you unto, Two manner of Way s^ 
f and both Good) the firft is This. 

Let Thofe 4 Counts be fpoken 'Deliberately, viz. as a Man would 
(peak C ravely, or Soberly^ and not Hajiily, or Huddlingly ; yet 
not T)rawlingly, or 'Dreamingly 3 but in an Orderly Familiar way 
of Speaking. 

And This is one very Good fVay, of laying a Notion into your 
Head, of fome kind of Certainty, in Meafuring your Time ; and 
with a little TraUice, you will gain a Readinefs^ and Familiarity 
unto It : Yet There is a Better, and more Certain Way, than This., 
which I will (hew you, after Firft,! have given you a View of your 
Mufick, Chara^ers, as Here they are (et down, with Their Expla- 
nation. 

///-i^ ///J^ /J^// j^J^// 

W^» "V^ ''W ''V*' —V^ I'W WM -\r' 

* .— — ^ 



_/ 



J) J, J. J, J> J) j. J> 

^-v-* «'V^rf »./VN» '-V»^ 



. — / 






V" 







Obferve i^ere, in the Loweji Tlace, ftands the Setfiibreve, ( or 
Groat) marked Thus (0) 

In the next place above It , ftands Two Minims, ( o\Two 
Twopences ) V!\zx!^6.Thus (^^^') Over 



8o 



The Ciyil ¥an ; or. 



Over 77jez?/,ftand 4 Crochets (or 4.Tence') marked Thus ( J J J J) 
Over The///, Fight Quavers^ {0x8 Half Tefice ) marked Thus 

And next above Them, at the Top of all, ftand 1 6 Semt^ttavers, 
(or \e Farthings) mark'd r/^w/ (/^// j^/// //// //'//) 

Thefe Five CharaUers, arc ^Zi' you need to trouble your 
felf to take notice of., only fometimes you will meet with a 
"Priciid Note, Thus, (q.) or Thus, ( ^.)Vms, ( j. ) or Th»s, 
( J*. ) which , whenfbcver It happens, You muft know, That 
That Note, if Jiigmented in Quantity ^ half fo much as it rvas hefirej 
C7Z,. a Trichid Semibreve, is made Three Minims 5 a Tricfi^d Mi- 
nim, Three Crochets ; and fo of the reft. The which I ihall Ex' 
plain here following, in the next Chapter, more particularly. 



An InfalliWc 
Rule, how to 
keep Time 
ivell. 



A ftfange Se- 
cret of tlie 
Pendenr. 



Howtomake 
nfe of This 
Verfe ft Time- 
keeper. 



N' 



Chap. XL 

'Ow I will proceed to the enabling of you to perform your 
Time, and by a moft FxaB , Eafie, and Infallible JVay>, 
which (hall be as a Touch-ft&ne, to try whomlbever (hall pretend 
to keep Time, the moU Exactly 5 and it is Thus. 

Take a Bullet, ox any RoundTiece, of what weighty thing you 
pleaje, to the weight of half a Tound, or a Tound, ( more or Icfs) 
and faUen It, to the End of a Tack^thread,ox any other Siring, 
Jong enough to reach the Top of the Seiling of the Room, in which 
you intend to Tra&ice. 

Then faftcn the End of the String upon Come Nook^, or Nail, 
to the Top of the Seiling, Co, as the If eight may well-nigh touch 
the bottom of the Floor 5 and when this is done, fet It to jvorX, after 
this manner, vjz. 

Take the Weight m your Hand, and carry It to one fide of the 
Room, lifting It lb high as you can reach ; then let it fill out of 
jiour FJand ^ and you ihall observe, ' That This Jf eight, rcill keep 
' an Exa&^ True Motion of Time, forveards, and backp>ards, for an 
' Flour or Two together. 

' And that although, at every Return, It ftrikes aJJjorter Com- 
' pafs, than It did the Time before 5 yet it keeps the former Exa^ 
' 'Proportion, (for Fength, or Qjtantity of Time) Infallibly : Yea, 
' when It makes Co little a Motion, as you can fcarcely perceive It 
^ move^ It Then gives the felf-fame Meafure, (for Quantity') as It did 
' at frji : The which'is a pritty firange thzi/g,yet moft (Ter/^iw^And 

* Eafly provd, by any. 

' Now I Cay, having found out, fiich an Jffttrd Time-keeper, as 
' This is, Let it be your TiireUor^ in all your Curious ^Private Tra- 
' ^ices. 

' And thus, I would have you make ufe of It, viz,- when you 
' have fet it to Work ; Firft, Sit, and Obferve It in Its Motion, 
^ WeU'-y and tak^ good Notice, of the Proportion of Time It Brikes : 

* And here you muft know, That according to the Length, or 

Shortnefi 



The Lute made Eafie, 8i 



Shortnefs of the Strings It will have a Slower^ ox ijiickcr I^Iotion. 
Therefore a Lo7!g Strhig is Eefi to Tradfice with, at firfi^ and ^/-""^' '^^''^■ 
(iich a Length, as will allow you to G//;?/' /^/le Nnfffbcr oj 4, jr/?^ rraftice ^^ith. 
'jDcUheration.y (as before I hinted you to) in Aj- H?^<;/e Courfe^ 
viz,. Beginning to Count, One^ jujk with the Turn^ and meet It 
with the Count Three^ at the next Return--^ and (b Counting, 
( with Its Motion ) 0»e, Troo^ Three^ Fotir^ Fxa&lj^ in the time 
of Its coming., and going ; and to be able, 'FtwBuaUy^ ftill to 
meet the next Return^ with the like County is the V/orl^ I ivould 
advife you toTra&ice veell^ along with It '-y and, fo long, till yow 
perceive you have gain'd an Indifferent good Halit, in thk man- 
ner ofTime-keepng, with your Tongue.^ and Toot. Which, after 
you can confidently do, by the Order of 4, (in which is inclu- 
ded, Crochets^ Minims, and Semibreves _) and perceive your 
JelfPerfe^j Then adventure to Count 8, viz. Quavers--;, byKum- 
bring ^.to the 'Down, and 4 to the Vp--^ Always remembring to 
he Extreamly Careful, to begin your Firji Count, Ju^ irith the Be- 
ginning of the Swings Turn.^ or elfe you will faile much, and do 
yvurfelfno good. 

' And in This undertaking, you will find a necejfify to Count, and ^°^^^ ^\^^-> 
to Tlay,jufi fo faB again, of you did before:, the. which will be 
Nimble, and pritty difficult to perform, at the fir U 5 yet foon over- 
come, with good Care-^ and (b well, that by This "TraSl ice, you 
will be brought to have an Exa6l Motion, of True Time-Keeping j 
which is one of the moji Nece/fary, and Main Things, in Mufickh 
ejpe daily for a Beginner to k^ow, and Endeavour after. 

' And indeed, there is a General Fault, in This Tarticular., in 
moU Terformers ; yea, in Majiers Themfelver : When in Play- 
ing of 'Divifions, they come to Sub-divide, ( upon a Flain Song., 
or a Ground J They ( Generally ) arefubjeSt to Breaks Time, and 
( mofl what ) to T'lay too Faji. 

' And Here, a Man might venture to lay a GoodJVager, That Howrobeaf- 
there is Jc^r^e/j' One j^rtiji, ( of the FJigheB Form ) amonz^Ten, lured, to win 
(Imean, a Very Ma^er ) thatflmllbe able to keep an ExaB True gefeffc^od 
Time, C by This Infallible Ride ) for 20 Semibreves together, ( FJis Artifl, if it 
BacJ^being Turned towards the T'endent, for That Time. ) ^'^'"^ lajtd, 

'Ifpeak not Thk, to difparage any Alajier, or other j But only, 
becaufe I know, It is fo very Critically-Nice, and Hard to be Per- 
formed. 

' But now again, you mull: know. That, although incur FirU 
Vndertakings, we ought to Brive, for the tnoji ExaB Habit, of 
Time-keeping, that poffibly we can attain unto, ( and for (eve- 
ral good Reafons ) yet, when we come to be Majiers, fo that we 
can command all manner of Time, at our own F'leafurei •-, we Then 
take Liberty, ( and very often, for Humour, and good Ad.ornment- 
fake, in certain Places ) to Breaks Time 5 fometimes Fajier, and 
fometimes Slower, as w6 perceive, the Nature of the Thing Re- 
'■ quires, which often adds, much Gr^te, andLuUer, to the ^er- 
* formance. 

' But, This ought not to give the leajl Liberty, ( to Toung Be- 

M. ' gi77ncrs ) 



8z The Ciyil Tart ; or. 



* ginners ) to ne^lelf their Chiefeji Endeavottr, after the moU Ex- 
' a&: vpay) of True Time-keeping. 

Thus, having prompted you, to the very Befi way of learning, 
to l^ep Time^ Truly ^ and as but yet, only with your Tongue^ and 
Footif I now would have you try, to perform fome (uch Counts, 
( with your TraBice ) in fbme Leffon^ upon your Inflrnraent. 

And at firft, your Befi Way will be, to take your laft Nujick^ 
Line, which I let you, ( and is Uere again renerced to your view-^ ) 
and enable your felf to Jirike all thofe Letters, along with your 
Swing, according as I have T)ireUed. 

But ifi.yon muft take notice oi^ the Trices, fiandingunder each 
Letter j which are tofignifie, with what Finger each Letter \s to 
be ^ruckj) viz. 2 Tricks, (hew the 2d. Finger, and one Tricky, the 
Firjl, as was (hewed before. 

J j' J i* J ; 

aaaa aaaaaaaa 



I aaaa \ aaaaaaaa 1 



aaaa i aaa aaaaa i 

I ,^ I 1 ■ I ' 1 •■•" I 

f : I I )__ 1 I 

1 ! I I I L 



Now therefore, go back to your TraUice, of Time-keeping 
again, and try with your Swing, Hand, and Foot together:, ana 
enable your lelf, to tirik^ Thefe Letters, tvith True Fingering, (fb 
fet ) in a Jufi, and Even Proportion of Time '-, and fo long Pra- 
ctice Them, till you perceive, you can Readily, and Familiarly do 
Them, with your Swing , The v/hich will be one of your Greateji 
workof'the "Difficulties in Lute-Tlay, and the Chiefefi Work of your Right 

^ Right Hand. Hand. 
„»^ This being done, I (hall proceed to (liew you, how to Tune 

your Lute '■, And as to That, you muft take notice. There are di- 
vers firts of Ltite-Tunings, (as there are alfb Viol-Tunings. ) All 
which, when you have gained an Ability, of Good TLty in This 
One, (which I (hall here (ct you,) you may very Eafily ( of 
your felf ) be able to Tune, and Tlaji, in any of the Refi, at your 
Tleaftre. 

Therefore, for your Befi Trofit, and Advantage, I ihall fet you 

>• down, in This Mufic\Line, That Tuning, which I FJieem The ve- 

ry Befi, among the French Tunings, (as they call Them) or the 
late New Tunings ■> and is the Lafi, and Neweif, Excepting on- 
ly One. And becaule I FJieem It, and fay it is the very Bejiof 
Them JU 5 I (hall mo(t Tlainly Denmifirate It, fo to he, to the 
Reafons, and Judgments of All Men, before I End This Work 



CHAR 



The Lute made Eafie. 85 



Chap. XII. 

a _ The Tuning 

'S^_a_ II _ , of the Lute, 

ij__CL ^ . , .. II rErronioudyJ 



71 a 


a 




s a. 




'd 


i 




a 


^a 



.<P a. 



called, the 



T 



-^ II Vlat'Tuning, 

-TTn — ^n ° '< r' II ^c. The Bed 

/U. ^tt ^ 5 oi Frtneh-n. 

nings. 

His is called, ( Enoniouny) the FUt-Freftch-Tmzing -^ but Rearons,for 
might more properly go under the Name of Sharp •-, both in ^^e calling of 
Reference to the TmiNg of the Three iji. Ranks of the X)iapafons, iJsZ'^rF^"^' 
(beginning at the i2//j. String':^) as alfb the Three iji. Ranks 
of Trebles •-, By which Obfervation, we may ( more Reafonably ) 
TermaTuning^ Flat, or Sharp.- 

But 7y&/Visnot fo fit Dilcourfe mThis Tlace, for my Toting 
Scholar •-, Therefore I will break it off, at prefent, and inform 
him, how to Ttme his Lute ^ This waj : As for Example. 

If you would learn, n>ell, to Tune your Lute, It is to be (up- 
pos'd, that you kpovp an ZJnifon, 3^ 5^4 and ^th : Or el(e you 
m\x{\learn/fo to do'-, and then take notice, oi Thofe Letters, (et 
in the laJlMuJfck^Linej which (how, Thzt every String, muftbe ' 

an Vnifon to the next, under, or above It, as I have there fet 
them down 5 only the Bajjes^ and their Graves, muft be an 
Eighth, to each other-) and all the reft of the "Double Strings, (which 
are Equal in their Siz.es ) muft be Vnifons, one to the other. 

This will be fufBcient, for you to know, as concerning Timing 
your Lute •■, and a little VJi, will make you Ready at It. 

I will now ftiew you, the further u^ of your Right Hand. 

J i" - i ^ i ^ 



aaaa i aa aaaaaa i ; j -j-iig further 

aaaa 1 agggjagag,! ufeof the 



l_l_l I I 1 l_l_IJ I ••• ' I I ^VT7-7-| 

I . : I I ^. I I I J~ ( I 

{? I<P 16" 1^ 1^ l/P I 



Right-Hand- 



You fee Here, ftill , the fame Line you had, before ; only I 
have added (^xxwAqx every firfi of a'D&rm, and firfl of anVp ) a 
Bafs, which muft be ftruck, together, with the very fame Letter, 
at the very fame time ^ with the Thumb •■) ( which at the firft, will 
ieem a little troubleibmej yet (bon gain'd, or overcome. 

Your iji. Rule holds good, in both Thumb, and Finger'-, for 
your Thumb muft refi- upon the next String, but your Fi?zger 
not, but pick, Mp. And your General Rule is, always, to ftrike 
-a Single Bafs, and Treble, vpith your Thumb, and 2d. Finger Re- 
member, to ftop the (e) with your Fore- finger, and hold It fo 
fiopt all the Time, till you have Tlayd the whole Line'^ and when 
you can do Itpritty readily, Then TraBicn it with Time^ by your 

M 2 Swings 



84 



The Qyil Van ; or. 



Sroing^ Hand, and Foot, as you did, with the Singh L 7«e, laft 
before (et you ; The which, in half an hours time, will be 
■^om. own, tollerably well : But, at 2, ox '2, fuch half hours, Ex- 
aUly-y and Then you are in a tJigher Form, and with Good "De- 
firt. ^ g 

Next, Learn the Ord^r, ^nd Fingering of your Left Hand, 
ThuS' ' 



Chap. Xill. 



J J' 



The moft 
Comely Po- 
flure of the 
Left Hand, 
Carefully to 
be Obfcrved. 



In This Little 
doing well, a 
Great-way is 
gain'd in Lute- 
Play. 



aJ?^J? a/f7>/Pia.<?'?)6^a ) 



iIax37rljaji50rija_ti^_c_a_J 



J 



I 



I 



II 



^1 



5 5 

But befoi'e you touch the Firfi Letter (a J upon the '2d 
J>n^/^,Remember tolay your7y6«;//^ upon the La!} Bafs,(\vhich 
is to "be ftruck, the laft Note of the 7d. Barr ) that it may be 
both in Readinefs, and ReBing fome where, ( as always it muft 
be.) 

' Then, (having prepar'd your Right Hand ) bring up your 
Left, ( your Fingers ftanding HoUomf, And. Rottnd ^ and of an E- 
qitalLjifiance (as the Talknts of ah Harv^-, ) which is the moft 
Comely, and Vfefd Topire, for that Hand to be in. 

Yet Noting, That your Left Thmb, ftand not Bending, but 
Strait out 5 Then, placing That Thumb a little above the (e) Frett, 
underneath the AW^of the Z»^e, fb that your Ftfre-/»ger, may 
ftand juft over the Letter (<P,) upon the 7d. String, Pick up the 
Letter (a,) with the 2^/. Finger of your Right Hand, and then 
be ready to ftop down (<?,) with the Fore-finger of your Left 
Hand, and fo ftrike It, or Pick It up, with your 2d. Finger, ( as 
It is Marked ) of your Right Hand. 

Then ( holding it ftillftopt ) ftop the Letter f^J with the Tip 
of your Little Finger, and fb ftrike it, or pick It up, with your 2d. . 
Finger, ( as it is marked. ) 

Thefe 4 Letters only, Praftice fo long as you pleafe, ( 20, 
30, or 40 Times over ) till you have gained an ExaB Habit in 
doing Them ; And in which doing, you will have gained, an 
Exceeding Great-way into Lute-Tlay : Yet taking Notice, That 
when you come to the 3^. Barr, ( which fhews the work of 
the ^d. String ) you are not to keep your Thumb above the (/P) 
Frett, (as I formerly gave Direftion) but plant it (according 
to the Reafonabknejs of the Worl{^) a Frett lower. 

And fo you muft ever move It, ( as occafioa requires. ) 



Then 



The Lute made Eafie, S^ 



Then, when you perceive, you can ^mThofe 4 AW/ together, 
Trulj^ and Readily 5 proceed to the reft, as you find Them prick'd 
down 5 and Endeavour to Play Thew^ as you did the ^'rji Four, 
(for all the Reft, muft be ftop'd, as Thofe 4 were, ( ^ja: with 
theFirJi, and Little Finger. ) |.. ' 

And //ere take notice, of One very Great "Piece of Care, which 
by all means, you muft now ( at Firji ) Ohferve : For fear of 
snil/ Hahitj which is ^ 

That «//er your Stopt Note^ (whatever it may be) you are ^ 

ftet to take tip That Finger^ vehich yon laji Stopt., until necejjitji re- 
quire, or that you find fbme Reafonabk Caufe •■, as cither to give 
way, for fome other Letter, ( as your (<P) here mw^igive way, for 
C'^) to found, (in your coming back) or elfe, for that you are to 
ufe. That lajl Stopd Finger, in fbme other Neceffary Tlace-^ There- 
fore take notice of This, for a General Rule, ( both in Lttte, and 
Viol-'Tlay ) That you never tal^e up any Stopt Finger, ( after you Qp c ■l^ 
have ftruck^ it ) till you have fome neceffary Vfe of It, or that your Ecfl General 
holding of it fo Stopt, niay he inconvenient for fome other perfor- ^"'-^^ for Fin- 
mance •■, And when you do remove, ( or unftop It ) let it be fi fn ""Lutei^oT 
ziery little from the String, as One can fcarce perceive your Finger, "Vioi-Play. 
to have unjiopt It :, which Cujiom, v/ill teach you to Play Clojc^ and 
Quick:, Neat, and Fine : But if (on the contrary) at the Firft, 
you ufe your felf, to Liji, or Tofs your Fingers f^igh, ( as too 
many ufe to do) you fhall never Play Bandfimly, Quick or 
Well. 

- I us'd to compare fuch Tojfing-Fingerd-T layers ^ to Blind- Tofs not your 
'Uorfes, v/hich always lift up their Feet, Highef than need ^':) and Fingers High, 
fo by that means, can never Run Faji , or with a Smooth 
Sveiftnefs: It is therefore, both Commendable, and Trof table, 
to Tlay Clofe ; fb that in doing much, you feem to take little, 
or no pains; and in fo doing, you cannot but do Neatly, 
Nimbly, and Well: But if in your Beginning, you get an ///, or Beware of an 
Falje-Habit, yon will fcarcely ever bei^ef/^z^/e.:/; which is (in- •ll-Habic,ac 
iici^d ) One main Caufe, of fo many Bad ^Performers, and the L ute's ^ 
^ifcredit 5 either, in tiiat Majiers have not an Ffpecial Care, in the 
i/?. Entring of their Scholars, or that Scholars are not Jngcnioujly 
Obfervant, to Pra&ice, ai they are T)ireUed. 

Thus have I been Long, in (hewing you a Little, viz,, to Per- 
form the Laf Line-., yet think you \t not Long, hwtheP atient 
to overcome It, and you will ( by That Time Jj be able to do a 
Great-Deal, with Eafe. 

Here follows the Natural Formation of all the Stopt Strings, \vt ■ 
thefe 5 following MufickrLinest, which if you can once do, A^- 
thing can be Hard for you, and 'tis but One Half hour's Work, 



m 



86 ' TheCiVilTan ; or. 



j* TAe For»/ation of the Treble Strwg. J 

aT'^r ardr ar(bs a r<Ls__hsjjS__sh kh_khSi^_rjLs r e^c 



T 



3 I 



I ..- I 



I34| iit|.4iit|is^.3|434?|'34M 



I 1 I I M T 

I ) __l I I _| 

I I I I 1^ r 



Gain the For- And here take notice of thofe figures, which ftand under e^t^^ 
Treble String^, Letter^ and are to diredt you, with what F/V;^fr you muft ftop 
and you have each Letter'-, viz^ the i(i. 2cl. ^d. or J[th. Finger^ according to 

Gain'dAU. ^^^ Figures. 

Now, you muft endeavour. To make This Line ExaBly Tcr- 
feSf upon your Fingers, juft as you (ee It {et. 

And the Ouickeji, and Bell way te do it- is 3 Firfl; only to Pra- 
aice the ifi. 4 Letters, 20, 30, or 40 times f, or fo long, till you 
^w^L^L ready aptitude, to performThem Equally.) and Lvenly,at your 
Command.. 

Then do the lik§ to your next Four 5 and fo from 4 to 4, till 

you have gain'd Them All And in This one Line doing, you 

No String ^'^^^ ""^^'^ ^^■'^" gain'd the doing of ^// the other Hop d Strings.:, 

recdfuitobe as you may plainly perceive .by their (landing, (there being 

fomucjiftop- j^Q neceffity of (topping , fo much, any *5>r/«^, as the Treble 

ble String. 'ifring. 

P The Formation of the Second String. J 

a^Ts (?_\jj. .-F 'f^ <y I g ^ J b I y h~ y .f 1 h y h .f i h y .f h i y n- ' 
.. .".. • I I I .. . .. . I .. , .. . I I .. II ^ 

1 4 1 i 4^-'l 113|4341|343l|34'3l4 II 



The id. String , is very feldom , (b much ftop'd, ( nor is it 
needful j ) becaufe (a) upon the Treble, takes the id. String off^ 
at the Letter (?),) from any Necejfity of Ufe; only fometimes, 
' for Conveniency of Fingering, &c. we Play, or Prick the fame 

Tones, upon the id. which otherwile belong, properly^ to the Tre- 
ble : Or fometimes, when the Treble String is Broke, you may 
make a good (hift, to Play many Leflbns, ( without It) upon the 
id. String, by thefame Rule. 

p The Third String's Formation. J 



*==-* — =-^ ; : — : ~ . i .. ...• I ...... 1...... i...... i.. 



I 1 



-I'-^l-'y ?~ 3 4(343l| 4Z4|14^IJI '4 



This is the whole order of the ^d. Sti-ing: And as the Tre- 
ble took the id. off, at the Letter ('Bijfodoth the id. take 
This 0% at the Letter (<!l,3) fo that there is no neceffity of (lop- 
ping 



The L ute made Eafie. 8 7 



■pmgThis Striffg^'Any further than ((^,) except for thc^ fame Rea- 
jbns aforefaid. 

]> The ^th. Strings Formation. J 

I I I I I J 11 

1 \Z I I_ I ) ^1 

I I 1 I • I • 1 2^ II 

I i I I 12412.4111 422/1 I2|4 2~I I II 



a 



This is the whole order of the ^th. Strings and more than needs, 
hy vinch^ becaufe The ^d Strings generally takes the ufe o^Thk off^at 
the Letter ("?)) 

P The "yth. Strings Formation. J 



fil l I I L 



J I. 



__ i \ IJ i I I . J ._ ' 



I I 



I I I I 



121 IJI 124 134 12 4^4 242a I II ^^ 

This is the whole order of the 5^^. String ; the ^th. taking It offy 
at the Letter (i^.) 

The 6th. Strings needs no Explanation^'mthn It is feldomjhpt^ 
beyond the Letter (in^ 

This I think fully fufficient^ to give you the ExaU Information^ 
concerning the whole Fingering of the Lute^ as to Single Stopping. 

It oniy jcemains for you, to acquaint your (elf, with the Ready 
Vfs of evSrj Strings as It is Thus ordered j ( the which will loon 
be don:- ) and Then, vou will proceed, with much Cheerjulnefs., 
and T/elight^ to the Full-Stops^ which are not many, fior at All 
Fiard^ but very Familiarly Eajie^ and Natural^ for the Band. 

But before I proceed to Them^ I will make Terfelt^ all your 
Work, Thus far ^ as we:<have gone. 

Therefore, tak& notice, of This next Muflck, Line--, which is 
the -very fame I (et you a Jitde before, only I have added to It, 
jfbrae Bajfes^ orT)iapafons'-, and if you forget not my former 'Di- 
recfions^ I doubt not, but you will Play It, ztthe fr!i fight. 

! 

g <p ?> 6i_i_^.j ^d<^ I (XT) .f h I y h y .f I h V h .f I hV 'j h i y 
• •• • .... I . .1 . . . . . . .. . I — 



J_J U L_U \ \ \ I I I T 

J ! I r 



T 



^a 4 5 ^a<f^a^a -^a 



There being no difficulty, in the Playing of Thk, the Treble, 
or upper part, being (as Ifaid) the fame you had a little before; 
only ftrike the Bajjes, with Thofe Trebles, you lee let under Them. 



GHAP. 



The Ciyil 'Pan ; or. 



<t 



Seven Hand- 
fom Leflons, 
or Pr^ludi- 
ums, follow. 



Chap. XIV. 



Hitherto, I have given Sufficient TireSfiofts^ as to the whole 
Order of the Lute^ \w Reference to Single-fUy, '-, I fnould there- 
fore proceed, to inform you the way towards oA%tU-Tlciy : But, 
becaufe you fhall be more TerfeU in This^ ( by which means, the 
next, will be much more Fa(ie ) I will, here following, (et you 
down 7 Tr£ludes^ ( in each Key One ) which (hall ferve you, as 
fo many handfome LeJJons, upon any after occafion, in any One 
of the 7 Keys. The ijt. fliall begin here, in C-fa-ut-Key. 

The ift. Lejfonjjeing a. Traludiumfor tbe Hand in C-fa-ut-Key. 



"I ' 4 



4 I 



I 4 



I 4 



4 I 



I i_4 



■^""al^^ZiZSSaj^ZS^ 



14141 1 a a \ a r 



a ^ a 



r ■ a 



6' I ' 



5 



4^a 



<^a 



^a 



"a a 



231 11 






_ r ar 

6> 7i ~' -n r 



_ar (L-r d- 




a -^a^a 



ThisFl call a Leffon-^ All the other were only i?^^//!?/^^^/, and 
of no further ufe, than to give you Infight^ Thus far : Therefore, 
when you have made your intended ufe of Them, leave them, 
and adhere to your Zf/Ti?/// only. 

This may ferve you, as a Tr^lude, at any time , upon This 
\:^i:;A.Key,h^mgc^\\AC-fa-ut-Key. ^ ^ ^ .,, ^ 
Key you Play Now, before I proceed any farther. It will be very needful, 
in,acanyTin.e, ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ovl^ make fure of the True^ and ExaU Performance^ of 
This LeJJon^ in every TnnStilio--) For it will profit you Extreamly 

much 



1 he JLute made Eafte. S 9 



ilana- 



m»ch^ (b to do 5 and if you do notThis well., you will be 'Deficient^ 
in many Things : Therefore take Patience unto you, and Ex- 
amine^ every Barr., in the whole Lejjon. 

The Numkr o£ Barrs^ a:ce 16, and every ^<?rr, has juft <?«e Je- 
mibreve^ in It. 

Firft then, take notice, that in the iji. Barr, are 8 Qjtavers, 
(which, you know, makes a Se mi breve : ) In the Playing of 
which, ( before you attempt the ftriking of thejirji Stroak^) you 
muft be fure to provide^ or make preparation for the 3 Notes fol- 
lowing (atleaft.) 

Tlie firft Stroak, is (6') upon the Sixth, and the Figure 5, (be- 
ing the la§i Bajs'-, ) both which, muft be jiruck^^ at the fame 
time, with the Thumb, and 2d. Finger. 

But ^amTreparation,mvS\. be 7^^,z;zz,.Havingftopt the(^)with ^n Fxpla 
the End of your Fore-Jinger,znd made ready your Right Hand^yon tion of ah 
muft take the 9 following Letters, into your Confideration, ( be- f^^^j ^fn'the' 
fore you ftrike the firft ftop ) and fo make ready your Z ittle Fin- foregoing Lef- 
gcr, by fttting it clofe over the Letter f^J by which means, Gr"eat^"ood 
you may readily flop h down, fo/juickj, as you pleafc j And being ufc to a Be- 
in this ready Tofiure, ftrike the ijl. ftop, but take not up the ({?,) 8'™e«"- 
till you come to the lajl Not? of that Barrj nor (TiJ till you 
come to the lafl (^0 ^Y which means, the ftops will be ^// 
ready ^ and the Th/^f holding of your Letters fiopt, all the while, 
■will give a very Fine Sound, or Qingle, beyond any other way of 
Tlay. 

Thus, ( having Explained the \jl. Barr _) when you perceive The firft Barr 
you can put them together Readily, and Tndy 5 Practice them Explained. 
over, 20, 30, or 40 times, before you attempt a Note farther 5 
and then, undertake the id. Barr ; Rcmembring, to obferve all 
the fame TiireUions, as you did in the \fi. Barr, vjz. Always 
prepare for the enfuing Notes, before you flri^e the Firji Note of any 
Burr'-, then take up no Slopt Finger, till need fo require •■, for any 
ftopt Finger, remaining ftill upon Its ftop, gives you a better ad- 
vantage, than if it were taken off, as being a fure Guide, to any 
other flop following ; and by This Habit, or Culiom, your Hand 
will have a kind of affured Knowledge, and Aptitude, to reach 
from place to place. Certainly. 

Whereas, on the contrary, when the Hand is loofe,and off, from several Bene- 
the flops. It is uncertain, andczunot he aj/urd to flop, (bperfe£lly fits of holding 
well, as by that other Habit, without takingyour Eye off your Book,-, fiopt^'tifuhefe 
which often proves very prejudicial '., but by This n^^j' of Praffice, be need of its 
you fhall fuddenly gain the way, to Play without any Trouble ^e'^^e- 
of looking upon your Fingers, or otherwife j the which, is both 
Commendable , and very Beneficial ■■) for It will quickly make a 
Ready-Hand, and moU Neat, and Curious Tlay •■, And, ( befides , 
All which) fbmetiraes It is of Abfolute Neceffity , (in reference ThisPuranio 
to the fir iCi Rules, and Laws of Compofition ) that fuch a Note, "s Explained 
ought to be held fiopt, and founding, fo long, till fuch a Number vSll^V'''^ 
of Notes, (following) are all performed •■) as upon occafion, in your ^"i. 
farther Proceedings, I (hall explain, by fome Examples. 

N This 



po 



The Ctyil Van ; or. 



Explanation 
of a Back-fall, 



By' the Well- 
Learning of 
This Leffon, 
allfuchLef- 
foBs are Lear- 
ned. 

What is inju- 
rious to a 
Learner. 



->■, 



This Ttifi&illio, I fiandvery much ufon, and fo would I have All 
my Scholars, becaule I know. It is of moSi Excellent Vfe^ both in 
Lfite, and Viol-T lay- 
In your laft Barr, fave one, the $th. Letter of that Barr^ is 
a (t-) upon the 4?^. Strings and has before it a little Tw^j^, «>< 
Cowma^ Thus ( j) which is the Mark of a Grace^, in Play, which 
we call a Backjfallj and if you can do It, in This place, you 
will do It, ( upon occafion ) in any other place, upon the Lute. 

Now, how to perform It, is Thus, viz. 

If you remember, ( according to my General Rule ) that the 
precedent Letter ("^i-,) is to remain ftopt, till you come to ftrike 
This Letter (rj you will find, that the Backfall, will be very 
eafie to perform ; for, ( you are to know that ) to make aBac^ 
fall Bight, you are always to ftrike the Trecedent L etter, (vihich 
ftands upon the fame String ) inftead of That Letter, which is to 
be BackcfaWd) with your Right Hand, and not at all to ftrike 
the Letter It felf ^ yet you muft make It found, by your Left- 
Hand Finger, (fo (bon as you ha.VQ i\x\xckthQ Trecedent Note ) 
by Jliaking Jtfrem That Ca,) (fiflruck^) into the (r.) 

This is the Nature of all Back^falls, viz. They ever partake 
firft, of ^hat Tone, either of a half Note, or a whole Note, next 
alcendini^, (according to the^zre of the Leffon, or Key. 

This laft Saying, viz. according to the Aire of the Key ) will 
be aMyJiery to you, at prefent^ but I (hall take a Rtter time, and 
place, to Explain It m-^ In the Interim, let It not trouble you. 

I will now make an End, of (he wing you This Leffon •:, and 
there is only the laft Barr of it to fpeak to, in which is a Full 
Stop •■) the firft part of it, is to be ftruck with a Bailing, or 
Bri/Jf.iing-Jlroak_, downrvards, by the Thumb, immediately after 
you have ftruck the (6^) upon the Sixth 5 and the laft 4 Letters 
in one Stop, Raked over, with your Fore-finger, upwards, all at 
once ^ but ftrivc to Rake Them fmoothly, and neatly 5 or (to 
fay better) onhjiroak, them all over Gently, or Lovingly, from 
the uppermoft, to the undermoft, and Then the work is done 5 
but be fure to ftop Clean, ( as we ule to Term It ) fb that one 
Finger hinder not another. 

By this plain Direftion, I ftippofe, This LefTon is your own ; 
and like wife, (together with It) ^U other fich Singh Leffons •■, I 
mean Single , becaufe there is only Exprefs'd a Bafs, and a 
Treble. 

Now, becaufe it is a great Trouble for the Majier, always to 
fet down Figures for Fingering, as alfb, a Greater Injury to the 
Scholar to Expe£l Itffox the'Cuftom of It keeps Him in Ignorance) 
lb th^t He learns without any Reafon, Rule, or Skill 5 only, be- 
caufe It is fo Markid, or Figurd for Him, ) 1 will therefore ( to 
cut off all fuch inconveniencies on both fides) give an Jf- 
furd-General-Rule for Fingering, with E-xamples to confirm the 
fame. 

Firft therefore, Let the foregoing Memento , be ever had in 
Mind, when you are to Play a Leflon, at firft-fight, (" viz. ) be- 
fore 



The Lute made Eafie. ^i 



fore you attempt to flop, or ftrike the firft Note of any Barr, a General, 
he Jure to view the whole Barr, and obferve how the Notes ftand, R^je^forx" 
one ^(^/-i//^ from another, Then order the frfi Stop, withfuvh Fingering/"* 
a Finger, or Fingers, as maybe held flop d, (if you can) till the "^^^^^^ ^^^^ 
firji Barr he performed, or further (if v/ithout inconvenience) *" * 
you may. 

This Rtde alone, will almojl do the whole Bufinefs 5 as by Exam- 
ple, you may perceive very much, in This next Leffon, which is 
^Tr£lndemT)-fol-re-Key. 



Chap. XV. 



/ The id. Tr<elHde in D-(bI-re. 



n 



r 4 1 i_i I z 4 a I 2, I I zi 141 141 

r •• g I a • 



a. 



J_J I • ■ \~iP ■ /?a 



J L LZ£ 



_i ^ r ' r g r T^ I ^ 

/ P < F^ <^ I • " • •• /^ g 



J- ; 



a^ !_i_i_i___i___i_±. 



a ^tt^'^g -^g 




T"u //•/°? '' ^ ^'"^^' ^''*' "> ^"^ both the letters may be This LefTon 
held /^/) 4 very conveniently, till the whole ^^rr ^e /;/r)9r- fn'^P'r'tv'?' 

/^e^i m the holding of which vou have an ^hCnlutT . ■/ r ^'' ^^ ^^'' 
T- c n . ° n ^\^:- J ^^ ^" abjolHte certarnty of means, one 

F.«^m;;^ for all the reft of That Barr, without the leaft doubt • fp^^ 
For by holding the firft ftop ftop'd, your F.r.-/:.^e., and little- ''"'■'''''• 
fer, will naturally ply, or take ^p and t^. So that if vou were 
blwd-fold, you could not tell well how to mi fs Them ; efpecially after 
you have wonted your Band aJittle to that order by Babit /which 
IS loon gain'd. ■' a ' " 

In the id. Barr, (^) may very conveniently be held, till the 
vohole Is arr be performed. 

In the ^d. Barr, you can but perform the i(i. 4 Letters before 
you rm^^e. But, in the Flavins of thofe f ^t f^^'^^'-^^etoie Note well, • 
Ar o / /• u- u t? ria yiug OT tnoie 4 Letters, observe a This New 

"V^S ':,CY"'^^"'^^'^^"°'g^^^") both for the J?.V>6^, and ^"'^- 
J-ep Hand, Thus. '^ 

Stop the ^ and the r, ^^^A together, at the Came time, as if 
you did intend to Tlay them at the fame time, both together 
Then, (before you ftrike the (^) lay on your Thumb, Fore- 

vnl '^if I I'"^a\ """J^^'f^"'^ "PO" the ^, a, and r, as if . 
you did intend to ftrike Them dl together 5 I'hen, when both 

N 2 yOyj, 



^z The Civil 'Part ; or. 

How to draw your Hands are in Thiy Readmefi, you will find it, not only very 
anrnot w"*^' Eafie to pick them up, one after another, (as they muft be ) in 
Knock, or their due proportion , but alio they will yield a far more Curious 

fhcLute°as ^''»«^' t^^" ^^ ^o" ^°"'^ C ^s moft do ) Jiab upon Them, at a 
foomanydo. Venture, (the which I call Knocking, or T)ruming upon the Strings-^) 
But This way I call. Feeling your Strings, before you (bund Them,' 
and IDravping a Sweet Sound from the Lute 5 which is fb very Con- 
querable, as any performance you can make upon your Inftru- 
"ment. 
^ There is yet one little ^unUilio, which I mnfl: acquaint you 

with, before I leave the(e 4 Notes, viz.. The firft Letter (^) is a 
Bafs, and therefore to be ftruck with your Thumb , yet in this 
place It muft not be ftruck, as other Bajfes, ( vi%. Reiiing your 
Thumb upon the next String ) according to the General Rule ^ ) 
becaufe, if you (hould do Jo here, the Refting of your Thumbs 
would hinder the next following (a) (upon the /[th. String) 
The General from Sounding Readily h (b that you muft give that (^) a little 
Kuie of the j[^jji ^p^ and caft your Thumb, beyond the End of your io'^-e- finger^ 
tradifted,and without Rejling'-) and lo it Will do Very Well. 
>vhy? ' This I call Cloje-Tlay 5 And mJllfuch Cafes, when you have 

and Us'^Cer-^' Clofi-TUy ( with your Thumb, and Fingers, Co very High toge- 
tain Rule, ther, (as Here you have) you muji do foj otherwife, ever Re §t 
your Thumb. 

TheWQyXi^.'LtX.t.txso^ This Barrjlxkcv/'iCe prepare £ox, together^ 
with both Hands, before youftrike the firft Note, and then Play 
Them Evenly, and Eqjially, as you did the other 5 only Here you 
muft Refl your Thumb 5 This not being accounted Clofe-Tlay, be- 
caufe you have a String, or Two, between the Tfmmb, and the 
Treble. 

And In Thk Order, perform the whole Ze)f(?« through, and 
ThisiaftEx- <////«c/j //^e/f^^J in the world, as you meet With. 
ampie.isaGe- This Rule, carefully obferv'd, will undoubtedly teach you, 
all ciofe Play, True Fingering, Good, Sweet, Neat, and Curious 'Flay, in any 

efpecially the Lefjon. 

3d. Barr,of It. y^^ ^^^^ -^^ ^^^ ^^ j ^p ^j^^ j^^^ j^^^^^ p^^^ q^^^ ^ Backfall 

to the uppermoft C<j,) on the 2^/. Strings which muft be Bac^r 
falTd from (<?,) upon the fame String, as in the former Example^ 
you had your (f ) Back^fall'd from (7).) 
A General The laft Note of this LeJ?on is a Full Stop, ( which yet you 
f"'^' ^i'fTi' ^^^^ "°^ ^^^ ^^^'■^ before) therefore take this General Rule fox 
sTops! " ' If) and all Full Stops •■, viz. when you have made it ready, by flop- 
ping it True, and Clear, ftrike it altogether with your Thumbs 
and Fore-finger •■) The Bafs only with yonx Thumb, VindRake all 
the reft, (beginning with the Treble String ) with your Fore- finger, 
which is enough for This Leffon. 

I call That, the Treble of a Full Stop, which is the uppermofi of 
^xvy Stop, though not the Trf/'/e Jifr/ffg. 



CHAP. 



The Lute made Ea/ie. 



9i 



Chap. XVI. 

I Will ftill farther Explain (^hy Example) the Gemral waj/^oC A further Ex- 
Good, and Trm Fingering, by fetting you a ftiort yr^e/ac^e, up- ^'he^Generfi 
on each Key^ and by that means^ you will alfb gain, lb many Rule for Fin- 
LeJJbns. g^ing- 

I have told you, There are but Seven T)ifiinU Keys^ ( Natn- 
rally ) in the whole Scope ^ and Nature^ of Mnficl^^ and Ton 
have had Two, already ^ \iz.C-fa-ut, and D-fol-re-) Thi? next (hall 
be in E-la-mi. 



The Third Tralude , in E-la~nii. 



t s ^ t <b Qj 



a ar7)aii 

a ■■ 



a 






<b fvr t ^ 4 ~ 



I 



JL. 



_tt_ 



-XL 



s^a 



a 



! 



<h ardi r 


a r » 4 




(br 


a ' a r r (b 





• r 7> 


1 a 


r - •• -"J 


r •■ a 1 1 


t 14. I 


1 2 . . 


1 a 




1 • ' t I 3 li 


2 I 




n 1 


7> r 


a • J 


f ^ 


) • 


ct 1 


" 


<P d a 


1 <P 


a ' 




■^a 




a 







j'-^ J' 



S ^ rr . 



.4 r • a ^ gr > g ^ I g 



_a r 



4 <i> II 



g^ 



r II 



g 



g 



g r 



g 



*g 



The i/. thing needfal, in this I efon, for you to i?e«!?ew^er, is 
to A(?/^ ?Ae lafi ('^), in the i/. £arr, ftopt, till you have ftruck 
the 7d. (c) in the 2d.£arrj then hold that (q^) pU^ that whole 
Barr. 

At the 3^. Note, of the 4M, ^^yr, plant your Fore-finger In 
that (c, ) by which you are Enabled to Play dl that Barr, and the 
2 \fi. Notes of the next Barr, without any trouble, or other form, 
( you perceiving, how aptly s h, and j (t will fall to be Uopt, ac- 
cording as I have marked them. 

The 5M. Note of the next Barr, is (e,,) which you muft ( ac 
cording to their General Rule ) hold, till the T'^) following be 
ftruck upon the Sixth String, 

The next 2 r rV, niuft be both ftop'd with your Fore-finaer ""e the gc- 
by laying it a-crofs, clofe and hard, which is contrary to the S'^"''°^ 
General Rule of flopping, as aforefaid, yet fometimes you will gain exccpLd 
find it needful, as here in this place It is j and though It be more ^^^'"*^- 
troublefome than with the End of your Finger, yet it will foon 

be 



5>4 ^^^ O"^^^ Van ; or. 



be Eas'd , for It is but for them 2 Letters. I have nothing more 
to fay of This Lejjon^ than ftill to put you in mind, conftantly 
to hoJd every iji- J^etter, till jour 2d. be Sfruck^^ when you have 
them come by 2, and 2, as in the next Barr they be, and fo 
forwards. 

The Back:fall^ at the c)th. Note, in the laiJ Barr, but One, 
muft there be taken from the (t,) which ftands before it, (which 
in that place is from a whole Note, or. 2 Fretts ; but your other, 
which you learnt before, was only from a half Note '■, and One 
Frett, is always a half Note. 

Your 2 laft Ful/ Stops muft be ftruck, the iji. wholly with the - 
Thumb, in the way of a Rak_e, beginning at the BaffeU String j 
and the Laji wholly with the Fore-finger, beginning at the Treble 
String. So This Lejfon is finiftied, I hope to your perfeft Vnder- 
fianding of It. 

The next , is a 'Pralude , in F-fa-tit-Key , as you may here 
fee. 



Chap. XVII. 

The /[th. Traludefor Fingering, in F-fa-ut-Key. 



'/? f t /? ?> /p a\ f? M < ? ' ^ 7 > La e a 1 

ar-(i IZ4 Z4| • z f- . 1 f^ CL • • I 

I I ( I • I ♦ •• I 



i_! I I , U _i 

1 I a. I ' I 



^jj ^a ^a <<*a ^a 4 5 6' a<^a 





14 141 


I Z I Z I I 


-> a a 1 I 4 i . 1 


a i 


Y' -^ 1 I 4 I 1 


r r • a~j 


- '?! ■ -r 1 ' 4 1 


a a<p^ 


' & •• ' 1 


--*^ ^^o" 1 a a.^J' '6_ _L 


■ <p'?) •• ^ 


• 1 


'^'^ \ - ^'^ •• 1 1 <P 1 


f ) • 


<F r 






r a a. f? r ?) ' - ^ g r j a 



-^ — r — • ' I • I 4 • •• r •• g ■ / a ^^^aTY 
■ I ■ ^ t "■ \ ' • I a If 



a /a ^a ^^ ^^ "'" 5 '^<2 

HEre is nothing in This Leffon, that you can doubt o^ but is 
according to your General Rules, till you come at the 5//^. 
Barr ; where you Qiall fee the 7d. and 3^. Notes, both mark'd 
with the Fore-finger, which is contrary to the General Rule 5 yet 
oftentimes we do Play, ( as there you fee ) twice with the Fore- 
finger, 



The Lute made Eafie, ^^ 

jinger^ tlie Notes ftanding as there you fee them, ( one tmdcr a 
notber : ) But then we ftrike, Them Two Notes^ after another man- 
ner y vi%. not picking up the ijl. Note, but SUpping-wiJe, ( as it 
were) and reftjng the Finger, upon the 2ci. Note ahttle, and 
then ftrike the 2<5?. AW, as you do others. The General 

I call thj s a SUp-Stroak h you have it again in the ph. and 6th. ^"^"(^"^[[le 
Notes, in the lame Barr, and twice more in the 2th, Barr.Theve- sUp.ftioaL^ '^ 
fore, if you can do it in One, you may do it in Jl/. And again np- 

There is another kind of Exception, from your General Rule, onaciofe. 
by hitting twice, with your 2^, Finger, as in the UJi Barr : But 
that is always upon the Clofe:, or after a Long, or Shaked Note j 
and the Realbn is, chiefly in regard that your next Note is Co very 
Jljort'^ and alfo, becaufe that the Full Stop, in the next Barr, 
muft be ftruck with the Fore-jinger ; (b that it would be^r more 
inconvenient to ftrike both Them, with the Fore-finger, than the 2 
J^r^er with the. Long Finger : which indeed is no Inconvenience 
at all, in regard there is time enough, to turn the id. Finger zgaixi, 
whilft the Shake, or Bacl^fa//, is in agitation, 

There is no need of 7)ire&ion, for Thif Le/on, only remem- 
ber, that the laft Full Stop, muft be ftruck, with the Thumb, and 
the Fore-finger. 



Chap. XVIII. 

H The $th. Tr delude for Fingering, in Gara-Ut-Key. 



^ or-.-?-!- ! 






I * ^ ar 



I_+_I 3_| f f-. 



ar r"7i~i 



^a ^aa 5 •• . . ^^ 



^^g 



i t 






a ^ r 



a •-• g • • I '4 I z I 4 4 ±_i_i_. 

♦ I I 1 I 3 4 J 4 I 

. I I I I f 

fr a ^1 _J a I 

J* d 

II 13 I z J 3 



I 



I 

I 



T-^ 



r g ^1—— __i_r_£_r 

• ■ ar I7> 7> 3 ^ 

• •• ^ !•• I 



4 • ^a 

THq 'Directions for Ty^w" Lefion, will he verj/fiwrt j there be- 
ing nothing in it, that ( I think } you can doubt of^ 
yet, becaufe in the Sixth Barr, thofe 2 (4^ (j^V) are mark 'd for 
feveral Fingers. And 



^6^ The Qiyil Van ; or. 



Exceptions ^nd you might think, that becaufe your 7(?//e bids hold the 
nTrTi^Ruie*^hi <'^^-> ^'^^ Jon come at the Other:, therefore the other might befl: be 
fliiftingofFin- ftill ^pt Uopt vpiththe fame Finger -^ I (hall here, give you a Reafin. 
needful to be C ^°*'^ why ) it is altered in this place j and in all fuch Cafes, you 
known. may Alter your Fingerings for a better advantage^ in performing the 

Enfuing Notes. 

You fee that s, and h, follow the id. <i--, therefore, becaufe 
of that Convenience, ( Vi^hich you fee you gain, by altering^<7«r 
id. e^) you do much better^ than if you ftiould hold it (till flop'd, 
with your ^th. finger ; befides, you have time enough , to 
fnft Fingers , by reafbn of the Eighth String , coming be- 
tween 5 in which time, you may do it, without the leaji Incon- 
venience. 

There is another the like flnfting of Fingerings in the 2 laft 
■ Notes of the next Barr^ viz. s <US )'our g^ being held fill if opt, 
from the lajl Barr, might, (you may fay) very well be ftill ^ep/, 
tvith the }cre-fnger'-3 I fay fo too, If it were not fb fhort a Note, 
as you fee It is, which will be troublejome^ to skip back^ to the next 
Letter (r,) in the »ejcif uf ^rr; therefore, in that retped:, as alfb 
the precedent Note s-y being a Lmg Note, viz.. aTricl^d Qua- 
ver, you may better make your fjifting, in that place, than in 
the next. 

You will find many fuch occaftons, reafonable to contradii^ jiour 
General Rule 5 for which Caufe, I thus Explain, upon Thefe 2 
Tlaces'^ that thereby, you may make your own Cbjervations in 
the like Cafes, Hereafter. 

This is all that is needful, for Thif Leffen. Here's another in 
Are-Key^ being the Sixth 'Praludium, for Fingering' 



CHAP. 



J he L^Hte made Eafie, 



91 



Chap. XIX. 



j' The Sixth Trxlnde in A-re-Key, for the Fingering. 



I 



Jl'J_a<P 



I 



a 



I 5 4 3 4 ? ' i I ' ' (L 



I •••• ai_r_i s^^ r •■ r i 

II r •• • 1(7 • • ~\ 



a 



d& 



3. I 4 I 1 



C( 



X L 



3 I 1 



a 



a 



-a 



I 2 4 ; I 



4 I I 



3 2 



ar ?> 



[ ^<?^ g 



3 4 



J ^C 



.1. 



j]ei_ 



-I a ^ 

I r •• g r - 



a^ 



_a 



T)<p|g_ 



(S'a / 



I ^ •• '^ •• r 



a '^a ^a ^a 4 5 



X 



_a_fl 



-£^_c£. 



e. 



JL. 



^a 



J^ 






I ' 



a 



I* I 2 2 4 1 j 



ja. 



a 



_ajL 



_a 

g a g 



a 



a 



TN the JVif«^/', and Tenth Barr of TZi^ Lepn^ obferve only to 
•*• lay the End of your Fore-finger^flat over both Thofe 2 ((L e,^f ) 
which you fee Marled with the y^^?/e Finger^ and I queftion not, 
but you will Play the whole, without any further Titrecfion. 

Now we come to the -/th^ and Laji Key, being B-mi ; and is 
a .Sfej/, which feldom any Mafier Setts j or T lays any LeJJons^ in ■•> 
except He alter the proper A^-zfare of It, by making it Flat ■■, and 
Then (indeed) It is a very Nol>le, Brave, and Brisk^Lively F^ey, as 
Any Key in the whole Scale: But as It is here Natural, It is Sel- 
dom, or very Rarely Comps'd In , However, in that you (hall 
fee. It is a Thing, that may be done \ And alfo, that This Tuning 
is capable of Bearing It Sufficiently, and Well : I will Here fet 
you a TrdRUide in It alfo, as It now follows in the next Tage. 

And likewife, among the Number of JV^fj of Ze//^;//, (fol- 
lowing) you (hall have a whole Suite, ot Sett, in the fame Key: 
and I doubt- not, but They will Tleafeyou, as well, as Any, or 
Moft, in the rchok Book. 



O 



CHAP 



I I ll ■ ■! Ml ■■ _L , _ I ■■ I I ■ II I n I I 

9^ The Civil Van ; or. 



C H A P. XX. 

The jth. Tralitde, for Fingering-, 

air__r: ri t i -^"l • •" •' 

/p r r- I-- ■■ r •■ I •• r r i ^ 4 i i 



^ r I I r r • -I 4 i" 

S- r ■• ^j -^ l-a.: ^C IIS S1_CL___ 



a 



— r • • I r •• / P I ::_r, ilX^^ r _.- • cji, r. 

-TTvT ~~ I'a • • I I • • • • 



~^ 3 i 3 4 

4 (L._(L- 

o — a 1 ' V-^ -11. 

-r"'r~y^~ I :: iZr_r_iL 



1 2fZl2 2 i 1 



"l i I » I 1 



J g^ 



Believe, there is nothing in This Lcfotf^ which you will make any 
A (hort Repe- | ^^„/,^ ^j^ yet, becaule it is the laft of the 7, which I intend 
whole RudN for Rudiments^ m Single T lay for Fingering --^IWiW not \Mmkmy 
ment lor tin- pains ill [pent , to renew unto you a fliort Repetition , of the 
fShiyll Snbfiance, of what I have already been about, in all thefe 7 Tra- 
be repeated ; lndes Or Rttdimcnts^ \i you rPiUnot thinkjiour pains ill fpent^ in Read- 
n'RlwoT" i»g.^«dObfcrving. 

True Finger- I fay, ( in the ifi. placc ) for Single Fingering 5 Hereafter put 
'"§• away all Marks-, and Figures.) and commit your lelf, wholly to your 

Reafon-, 



7 he JLtite made Eafie, 



99 



4th, 



Reafon , and let that Guide you 5 yet upon any difficulty^ or 
doubt (through forgetfulnefs ) you may have recouife hither, 
to thefe Rudiments 5 for they carry in them, the rphele natural 
'Formation of every Strings for ordinary 7 lay. 

In the ifl. place therefore, you are to remember, that in the Theift. Re- 
Playing of every Barr^ in a Lejfon^ you are to view the -whole ^^"^'^'"a'lce. 
Barr^ ( or more ) before you attempt to flop^ or Urike any one 
Letter. 

Then idly^ when you i7<?/> the sfl. Letter^ you muft have re- i^- 
gard to flop it, with fuch a Finger, as you may ( with eafe, and 
convcniency)y?0/>, and provide for the following Notes, in that 
( or the next ) ^4rr- 

But ^dly^ and chiefly, in Plain Time, that is, when your i^' 
Barrs confift of 4 Crochets, or Q Quavers ^ you muft ever con- 
trive, to put 4, or 8, Equally together. As for Example. 

In the I/?. Barr of this laft Lejfon, I have Marl(d the i/?. 2 
(r r'-f) with the id. and g^. Finger, which I might have done 
feveral Other ways 5 but in relpeft of the fubfequent Notes, 
of the fame Barr, I count it better to Bop them all, as you 
fee. 

Then ^thly, you muft ( above all ) not forget to keep your 
Holds'^ that is, (as before) ever holdfaji-jlop'd, the iji. Letter, 
(at leaft) till you have ftruck the 2d. But if you can, ( and that 
there be no inconvenience, either for hindring of fome other 
NoteSi or performance of (bme Curious Grace, or that your Hand 
may be too much bound, <^c. _) hold it, till you have performed all, 
that conveniently y OH can. 

This laft Rule alone, will be almoft (ufficient, to teach any one, 
Good, and True Fingering-, for the Left Fland. 

Fifthly, you muft be Very Careful ( now, in your firft begin- 
ning) to get a Good Habit j Co that you ftop clofeto your Fretts, 
and never upon any Frett 3 and ever, with the very Fnd of your Fin- 
ger^ except, when zCrofs, or Full Staph to be performed. 

And Sixthly, take heed of Toffing your Fingers, high from 
the Strings, when you have occafion to take them ofF.But let your 
FlaybeGlofe, and (carcely feem to move your F/>gerjr, which is 
a great Commendation, but a far greater Advantage to yoMxfelfj 
For, whofo gets That III Habit of Toffing, ftiall never Play qujck^, 
nor vpell^ bnt very uncertainly, and moft unhandfomly. 

I vv'ill here repeat ; becaufe I know there is one thing more, 7th, 
Etxreamly well worth your Remembrance ; which is, ' That al- 
« ways in playing of 2, 5, or 4 Single (or Divided) Notes, ( which 
' begin a Barr, or begin at any Bafs^ or the like : ) I lay, be fure 

* you provide both your Hands to perform, fofar, as convenient- 
' ly you can, before you hit the firli Note : My meaning is, prepare 

' for the ftopping of 2, or more; and ftriking of them alio, as if .^^^ ^^^ ^^^ 
' they were to heflruck^, altogether, by letting your Left Hand up- foiute,and 

* on the Stops, and your, Right Hand upon the String, ready to ^^,^P^/°'^' u 
' ftrike; yet ftrike them in their due time, and at yourlealure, ac- ferv3nce ; to' 
' cording to their true Quantities. w^f^s Good 



yth. 



6±. 






O 2 



Thus 



Play. 



100 The Ciyil Van ; or. 



Note. 



Thus I have (perchance) (eemed too Teadious^ in Repeating un- 
to 50U ; but I know it (b needful a f^/??^, for a Learner to be told 
more than once, of fiich Conjiderahle Jkules, without the v.'hich 
obferving, he Jl)all never Tlay wellx, So that ftill, I do perfwade you 
to Read them over^ very often':, but efpecially to put them C?re^<Z{jr 
into Tra&ice. 

I will now trouble you with no more Repetitions of this matter; 
only refer you to thofe particulars, which Explain the manner of 
performing thofe 7 TneUtdes 5 I ftiall only defire, that you TerfeB 
them upon your Fingers^ before you attempt any thing elfe 5 for in 
fo doing, you will advantage your (elf very much. 



Chap. XXI. 

I Will now proceed to (hew you, what belongs to Full-Tlayj 
(for all thefe have been Single^ except yom Clofes. 
FHllPlay. Your General Rules for that, will be /jtfr/, and very e4/?e. As 

for Example. 

Here is an Example, for all Notes of 5 Parts, viz. sl Bafs, and 2 
Treble's 5 aud if you can do Thii^, you will do All in This Kind. 



J. 

a I : J__<P I a It 

oTr i,a_ _i__t^_a — ^! 

<? T i I y-" 

y^a. a^a. -^a 4 5 



Explained in the next Line, Thus. 



g 



■n ■■ f I . a. 

— : f~^i a^ii. 



_£_L__a_ 



1 a. 



T_ i:_ _a- • ,.- \ — '- 1' 



~a:- I <£_ 



11 



£. 



e 



'O. a. ^a. ^a- ^ 5 

Thofe 4 Firfl Barrs, in the uppermoft ^oxt Mufick.Lim, are 
fufficient for the General Knowledge of the like* 

Their Explanation,i9 in Thofe Notes.m your lail undermolt Line, 
and ftiow, that the letter <P,muft be hit with the Thumi>,and the 2 
(aciV)with your ifi. and 2^. F/^^er^yet^though I have fo divided 
them, (for your fight) they muft be ftruck alltogether, or but a 
very' little dividing, (which may be allowed, in many Cafes , ) 
However practice them both ways. 

Here is another Example for Nearer, and Gofer T lay, v^ith your 
Thumb, and Finger. 



Here 



The Lute made Eafie, 



lOI 



J. 



Oofe TUj. 



^> a_r_( a a \ a r la ii 

S- ^ r I ?> g J r" i ' ii _..,., 

J -! ^-^J^ }} Explained in the next Line, Thus. 



1 



I <p ii 
5 



JL- 



711 a /?\ 



J cL 



. g •- r -J, g •• g •• i a •• ^Ci__g_ 

'^i • g ' I7i • g • I • r •• I 



l€_ 



la • I 



1^ 



Here-follows an Example for 4 Parts, 'z^/'x.. Three 
Trebles-^ and a jS^/p-. 



J 







aj^A a. 



y 



_L<? I II 



a_rlLg_r_i_a^f'_i_(L_C/_i_r_<i/_i_g^ii 



a~~t f ?) r I g^g ( r_?» 1 a_r_J_g it Explained in the next Luae 
l^_ I - I it Inus. 



_g_L<5? i_ 



a 



^a. a<^a ^g 5 4#g a 



&c. 



g 



-3_ 



_a ■:■ r ••"i_^a. 



a_ 



g- 



\^^L 



r •••i 



_g_ 



_flJ. 



(L 



g 



ifi' 



gz_ g j:H r ■ • 

g- ^ •• I g 



r •-• 7 ) 



.<^j: 



_6L 



Ji. 



g- 



-O- 



-g_ 



rv j gg 



-e^ii_JZg: 



a 



^g 



a ^g 



^g 



^g 



g 



You mud know, That the Expla7jation of This laU Fxdmple, Either Rak- 
asl have Explained It, is not the way, which is muchuled, in ^"in'"'!?'"" 
thefe days, (although I u(e It often, as you may do, upon oc- which is a 
cafion ; ) but the Fafhionable way of Playine; them, ( now us'd> j^'^',? s°°'^ "''^ 
is much more cafie--) namely, only to hit the Bafs with your ihiwib^ way. 
and Rak^ down all the other 3 Letters^ with your Fore-Jinger-, at 
the fame time '-, and is the General vpny of T laying all other Full, 
or Fuller Stops. 

An Example of (brae, you may fee in this following Mtific^ 
Line. 



•^ - 



a 


g r (?. 

'a 1 g d/ 


J 

r 


'a 




J - 


J' 


I 


J 


a 


>7^ 


II 


a 


rig <L 


17 


r 


g 


^r 


a 


g II 


7i 


ri a. r 


a 


r 


'?> 




•• 7M1 . 


?) 


'a 1 a 








J '■ 


1 71 II 


<? 1 1 


•^■|| 



Rakiag Play 



5 -^g g ^g ^g -^g 5 ^g ^g ^g 



Begin to Rake ( or Smoothly Stroak, ) all thole i/?. Six Strif/gs^ 
anhe Treble String, hymg onyom iji. Finger, at the fame time Ssrop!^^' 

you 



% 



loz The QyilTan ; or, 

you lay on your Bafs '•> Then, juft as you hit the Bafs with your 
Thumbs draw all over your I ore- finger^ very gently^ till you have 
hit the Sixth Strings and you will hear a very full Confoi% 
of 7 Tarts , ( provided you flop }Jard^ and Clean 5 ) and thus 
muft you do, by all the reft of the FtiU Stops, till you come to 
the 2 laft Notes of the Q,d. Barr, which "3 and a are to be 
ftruek , with your 2 Fore-fingers , with the Bap 5 as in 
your former Examples of 'Biividwg Tlay 5 Then make your 
Back:faU to the To in the laft Barr, from e^ j and after you have 
reell Shaked it, ftop the laft FuU Stop, before you hit the Single 
a, between them, becaule it is a port Note , and will not admit 
of any delay, after it is ftruek; but requires the\2.{i Note, quick. 
upon it : So that in the time of your foregoing Tricl^d- Crochet, 
( which we count a lof?g Note, efpecially at a Clofe ) .you may 
^ ^^ay to have liberty to ftop the laji Full Stop, (which will take you up 
bring in a a little time 5 ) Then ( you being thus ready ) ftrike that a, and 
ciofe, Neatly, fo^rins in the laft Stop, with the more Compleatnefs, and thus of 
mifli. all men iloje JSotes. 



Chap. XXII. 

^Y this time, I will conceive you Efficiently readj, at all thefe 
-jB^ foregoing JRudiments, which (akhough but very few) yet 
are as the main Foundation, of your whole Bufmejs, which I count 
well over with you, becaufe I (uppofe you Ingenious. 

I will now, in thefe 2 Chapters foUovping, lay down, all the o- 
ther Curiofities, and Nicities, in reference to the Adorning of your 
Tlay : ( for your Foundations being fiirelj Laid^and your BmldiKg 
TPell Reard, you may proceed to the Beautifying, and Taint- 
it7g of your Fabrick^ ) And tho(e, we call the Graces in our 
"Flay. 

The Names of ftich, which we muft commonly u(e upon the 
Lttte, beTheJe. 
The Nairies j^g ^a and Chiefeji, is the Shake, Marked Thus, with a Tric^^ 

theilaces before it, as here you may fee, (-a) The 2d. the Beate, Thus, 
(I a) The ^d. the Backfall, Thus, {jo) The 4?/^. the Half fall. 
Thus, (^a)The $th: the Whole-fall, Thusy (+a)The Sixth, the 
Elevation, Thus, (fHa) The 7f/». the J/»^/e i?e/7/&, Thus, ( .-. a) 
The ^th. the 'Z^i^z/^/e i^e////;, yy^///, (v.a) The 9?^. the J/z^r, Thus^ 
the lo/y^.the t57/<5?e,(the fame_)77j«j-,(^a,)the iithxhe Spinger, 



laft, J^o/f 

Go<?(^ « Grace, as any other, whatever. -j ^.„ 

ces which may be u(ed upon the Lute 5 yet Feiv, or None u(e 
them All. Their Explanation foUowcth; And firft of the 
Shake. 

The 



The Lute made Eafie. 



\o\ 



The Shake, is 2 ways to be performed, either Hard^ov Soft, 
the Uard, (or Tearing-Shakf) is thus done, ©/z,. If you Shake any 
String Open, you mull: firfl: ftrike it with fome Right Hand Finder, 
and then be ready with the Fore-fnger, of the Left FJandto pick 
it up, with the very Tip (near the N^il ) of your Finger 5 
and fo, by often, and quick picking it up in that mannei-, or 
( more plainly ) Scratching It, in a Smooth, Nimble, and Strot^g 
Jgitntion, you will have pertormed It. 

X\\^ Soft-Shak^ is done, in all refpefts, like the former, except 
the Tearing, and Scratching^, and only by Beating the Striri" 
Strongly, and with a Quick, Motion, in the fime place, as you 
did the other 5 which always muft be either in <P, or r-Frettj and 
if it be done Evenly, and Strongly, it gives a very Tleafmt Grace 
unto your Play. 

Some there are, ( and many I have met with ) who have (uch 
a NaturaUgility fin tht\x Nerves ) and Jptitnde, toThat Ter- 
fermance, that before they could do any thing el{e to purpole-j 
tJiey would mak^ a Shake, Rarely If'ell. And Come again,' can 
(carcely ever Gain a Good Shake, by reafbn of tho-unaptnefof 
their Nerves, to that J&ion j but yet otherwile come to T.^Uy very 
well. 

I, for my oivn part, have had occ:iC\ov\ to breaks hoth my Arms\ 
by reafon of which, I cannot make the Nerve-Shake ivell, nor 
Strong:, yet, by a certain Motion of my Arm, I haviegain'd fuch 
z Contentive Shake, that fbmetimes, TX\y Scholars •w\\\^%]^xnt,FJoTs> 
they JJj all do to get the like ? I have then no better An freer for 
Them, than to tell Them, They muft firfl: Break, their Arm, as I 
have done j and fo pofllbly, after that, ( by TraSice ) they may 
get My manner of Shake- 

The Stopt-Shake, is C only J differing from the Open-Shake, 
in that you are always to u(e fbme One of your Vnder-fingers, 
in your Shaking, and to Stop, one of your Vpper fingers, upon 
fome Letter, and then Shake with an ZJnder-Finger. As for Ex- 
ample, Suppole you ftop the Letter (P upon the 7d. String, with 
your Fore-finger : Then muft you make your Shake, from the 
Letter li, ( becaufe It is the Aire ) upon the fame String, toithyoUr 
Little Finger ':> Remembring to Stop the ^, Hard and Chfe, all the 
time of your Shaking 5 and if you will have a Soft, and Smooth 
Shak_e^ then only Beat the Letter 'B Hard, and Quick,^ direciiy 
down, andjtp, with the very Tip of your Little Finger :y but if you 
would have a Hard, or Tearing Shake, then Nibble the Ti lirongly, 
and very quick^, and it will give you Full Content 5 and fo for all 
Stopt Strings, which require Shaking. 

You muft likewife know. That a Shake is not always to be 
made z Fretts of, ("which is a Full Note Dijlance,) but as often 
from One Frett, ( which is but Haifa NotesTHHance.) 

And to know certainly, when to do One, and the Other pro- 
perly 5 Take This General, and Certain Rule j ( never to be alter- 
ed 3 which is. That All Shaken, muft be made, either from the 
Half or Whole Note-j according to the Aire^ md Humonrofyour 

Tiimng, 



The Explana- 
tion of tlic 
Hard.orTesr- 
ing-Shake, ^ 
open. 



The Soft- 
S-h"kt; op;n. 



The Authoh 
Inahiliry, to 
make the 
Nerve-Shake, 



The Arm- 
Shake, 

The 5^opf. 
Shike, audits 
Explanation. 



A General 
Rule, how to 
make All 
Shskes prtw 
pcrly,andin 
their True 
places.: 



104 



The Qhil ^art ; or. 



An Example 

of whole 

Notes,andha!f CLUl^ 

NoreSj 'n refe- 

renceto 

Shakes, and 

Back- falls, in — 

their proper 

Aire, 



Timings and L effoji. As for Exdmple. In this next MuJick^Line^ 
I have let the jlire of the Tuning down^ upon every One of the 
Six Strings^ which only are toht Shaked ■■:, the Bafs, never, 



Jj-k 



a 6i3_J_h r 



_fl_C_e/_c£_h_ 



ar "iiS h 



_a <P_?) s_ 



h 



A certain Ge- 
neral Rule,for 
Graces; never 
to be Contra- 
difted. 



^he Back-fall 
^xpiained. - 



Obferve the Order of the Trehle String firft, and fee which are 
Jfhole Notes, and which are Half Notes, from each other, 

Firft, from a, tor, is z Whole Note, ( becanCe 2 Fretts. ) 

From r, to (b, islikewilea Whole Note, for the fame Reafbn. 

From (L> to J, is hut Half a Note, fbecaufe but OneFrett.) 
. From S, to h, is a Whole Note^, and from h, to k , a If hole 
Note. 

Thus, hy Thk JRjile, Examine al] the reft, and you cannot 
fail, to know Whole Notes, and Half Notes 3 which is a certain 
Rule, both for Shakes, Relifies, Elevations and Bacl^falls, ne- 
ver to be contradiftcd 3 That is. Every Shake, is to be made in the 
Aire, viz,. 

If I toonld Shake r. Upon the Tretle String, I muft firft ftop r, 
and then J'A,?^^ It, in (L-Fre«. 

Likewife, If I yNov^^ Shahs^ ^^ upon the id. or j^th. String, 
I muft ftop r, and then Shake it in l^-Frett, ( becaufe that is the 
Jire, and but Half a Note. ) 

This I fuppofe enough, to make you know the Certain Tlace of 
Shaking any Note. 

I will, from hence, proceed to the Back:fall, becaufe the fame 
General Utile, is -fro^er for them both. 

A Back-fill-, is only Thus ; viz,. Let your Note be what it will 5 
It juLift lU. partake of the Tone of another Note^ or Half Note 
above it^ before it Sound, As for Example. 

Suppofe I would Backcfall a, upon the Treble String, then I 
muft 1/2. Bop r, upon the fame String, and ftrike it, as if I did 
abfblutely intend r(only) fhould Soiind'-^ yetfbfbonasi havefb 
ftrvck.^, I muft, with the Stopping Finger ("only J caulethca, 
to found, by taking it off, in a kindof a Tivitch, fo that the Letter 
a, may Sound, (by reafbn of that Tivitch, or Falling back. ) P^e- 
fently after the Letter r, is ftruck, c^c 

This is' called a Backrfall, and there needs no more to be faid of 
it, C It being fb Eajie to be underftood. ) 

Now you muft know, Thzt the. Back: fall may be either Tlai^, 
or Shak^di, xiTlain, you have done it already, by'the/^y^ ©i- 
reUion. ■■_■•■ 

K Shaked, thenThus, viz. 

When you have given it that Twitch, ( I have not a fitter 
word to give it) you muft Shake it, either wirh-.the Loud, oz 
Soft Shake-) (in the proper .Letter) afterward, as if it had not Befen 



Backrfall'dj and Thk, is likewife fufEcient for It. 



The 



7 he L Hte made Eafie, 1 05 



The Beate^ is your ZeWer ftruck^ (be it what it will) and (b „ ''"''^.^"^^» 
foon as it is ftiuck, that Sound muft be Falfifyed^ alwa) s into a ^"^ "'""^ ' 
Palf Note beneath^ by taking up your Finger^ ( as if you would 
Back^fitU the Falfe Note, from that Siop'd Letter ) and Jirotfgly, fo 
JJjdked-, to and again •-) yet, at laft, the fame Finger, mult re/? £^<?ir;?, 
m the \fi.T7'ue Note. As for Example. 

If I would make a Beate upon 'S, on the Otth. Strbtg^ I mufl, 
at xhc fame time^ (together with that ?)) ftop r, on the fame 
String ; '■) and, (b fbon as I have ftruck the li, I muft Twith it ttp, 
and by theTivitch^ cau(e the r to Sound, and (b continue in that 
Quicks Motion^ as if I did only intend to Shake the r , yet, {b 
jirongly kl^ockjng down my Finger into 'S, that at every Knock.^ or 
Motion, T) may be Fqually heard with f 5 and when I have thus 
continued Beatings fo long as my Time will al/ojv me, I muft then 
give the Ufi: Knoch^into"^^ xcith all thejlrengthlcan 5 fo that li 
muft be Eminently heard at that very- laji : For you muft know obferve, not 
This, That whatever your Gracehe, you muft, in your /^re-jjjci/, to make a 
exprefs the True Note perfe&ly, or elfe yom pretended Grace, will provs'aKf. 
prove a TDifgrace. ^ . grace. 

The Ffalf-fall, is ever from a BalfNote beneath, (as is the The Half, faii^ 
Beate ) and is performed, by ftriking that FJalf Note firft ; but E.xplaincd. 
Co (bon, as that is fojlrncl^, you muft readily Clap down the True 
Note, ( with the proper Finger, ftanding ready) without any fur- 
ther _/?r/4^»!?. Explained Ihus. 

Suppofc I would make a Half-fall to s, upon the Treble, ( or 
any other String) I muft place a Finger in <L upon the ftme String, 
and abfohitely flrike (b , as \^ nothing elfe were intended'-^ but lb 
(bon as <b has given its perfei^ Sound, my next Finger, muft fall 
fmartly into S t, fo that S may Sound ftrongly, only by That 
Fall '■, which will caule a 'Tritty, Neat, and Soft Sound, without 
' any other ftriking, and this is the Nalf-faU. 

The If hole-fall, is a Grace, much out of ule, in Thefi our 7)aysj Tiie whole- 
yet becaulc, in lome Cafes it is very Good, and Handfome, and Wi,Explain- 
may give 7)elight, and Content to many, who think fit to ule It 5 ^ ' 
know, it is Thus F'erfirmed , viz. It gives Two Falje L etters, be- 
fore the True intended Letter comes in. Explained thus. 

Suppofc I would gwezWholc-fall, to the Letter ?), upon the 
^th. String : Then 1 muft firft ftrikect, upon that String ; and 
then fall my Fore- finger hard, upon ^, on the fame String, and 
fb clolely after, ( holdmg 6' ftill ftopt") fallmy "^d. or Little Fin- 
ger, as hard into the True intended Letter Ti j and thus the Ter- 
fonnauce is Finijloed j yet-always oblerving, ( that for an Equality, 
and Evennefs, in thefe 3 Sounds ) which is a thing Chiefly to be 
Regarded) you muft take Care, that you ftrike not the firft aic°n"forit 
fo Loud, as that the ^r(?»^^/> of the Finger, is not fufficient to Exaft'perfor- 
caufe the other 2 following -Letters to Sound as Loud, as the fir Uj, "'^"'^^• 
■which was Jiruck: Therefore, ever at a Whole-fall, ftrike the 
firft Note of the 3, Softly , lb may you with the more Fafe, and 
Certainty, make the next i,as Loud 5 for a Man cannot fall a String 
(b Loud, as he can ftrike it. 

P This 



io5 The Cml Van ; or. 

This is (ufficient to Explain the Whole-fall--^ Only Note^ That 
you always fall it, through the proper jlyre-Notes of the ^e^,(which 
to a Mnjical Ear^ is Natttrally kpown. ) 

Sometimes, it will be 2 Full Notes '-3 as, fuppofe you fhould 
Fall (L, on the ^d., String ; Then muft you Fall it from a, into r, 
and (b into your True Note (?>, which is the Jyre of that ^d. Strings 
for Thofi Notes in this Tuning. 



Ghap. XXIII. 

TheElcvati^ ♦"pHc Ekvation^thc Single ReliJ(},and the Trouble ReliJfj^WiW take 
Explanation. "P ^o° Hiuch Trouble to Explain Them^ by ^'^^or^x (?/?/y ^ and 

\ivill ^e//erbe done, by Notes ^ or Letters^ becaufe they are to be 
performed, by many, and variotts Notes. Therefore, in Their 
Explanation, I will v& a Mufic^ Line, and Letters, for your more 
Eafte underfianding of Them. 

The Elevation, is generally to be made in the Jfcenfion, or 
T}efcen(ion of a 3^. and always upon the Middle Note-^ ( But 

in faying a ^d. or 3 Notes, I do not mean al- - ■ \ — 

\va3's"^ %ll Notes'^ for there is a ^dM^or, and fi_C«ZC«rr_a 
^ 5^. Minor, as are J^re Explained. As for ) - 

Example. . ^ 

Thofe 3 if/, are a 3^. or 3 Full Notes Jfcending, which we 
'^^ CC call 3^. Major, or J'i&^tr/; 3^. and the 2^. 3, are 

I~ a 3^/. or 3 f «// A^t'^ex ^efcending. 

- The T^. 3 of the(e, are a 3,5/, jlfcending,, with 
j ^ the Half Note in the midji, which we call a Flat 



^d. or a 3<5?. Minor 5 the laft 3, are the fame 'Defending. 

Now, from any of Thefe Notes, you (hall know, how the Ele-^ 
vation is to be made, and that is always upon the midfl: of the 35 
Thus, if?- according to the ^FuU, or Whole Notes, as in the i^. 
Six Letters upon the ^d. String. Explained Thus. 

The id. 3 Thus. 
J J j^/. / J J J J^J^ / J 



theElevari- I II /____ H. 

on,Afcending, a_t_Jb \CLr<bSy(br^>\[^l V a \ <b t <b S >(L V a W 

andwfcend 1.^^* •' II " ' •• I •• • 1^11. 

• =1-^=^^^-;,'- 




Jfcending. Uejiendtng. 



Thus the Elevation is exprefs'd, both Jfcending, and 'Defcend-' 
ing, as you may (ce ( by this Line) upon the Letter r, which 
takes up 5 Letters j ( as you fee link'd together by a F'vop'il 
Stroak.) None of which, are to be (truck, but only the jji. r, 
and all the reft are to be performed by the AUivitydi the Left 
Uandj in the manner of Falling, @r Slidirg. 

v The 



"The Lute made Ea/ie. 107 



The Fallings you have had exprefs'd before 5 and the Slidingt 
fhall by and by be Explained. 

Let this (lifEce to exprefs the Elevation ; only you muft Re- 
tftember^ that as in your Falling of the Whole-Fall^ I gave you a 
AWe, not to Hit your if/, of the Number^ Harder than you 
Vi'ere able, to caufe Jill the reii fbllowing,to give the Camejirength 
of Sound •-, io muft you do in This : For they muft always be 
Equal in Loudnefs 5 which will require a pritty Careful TraUice : 
For 'tis a Hard Grace. 

The 3^^. Minor:, or Flat 3 J. is dojie after the fame manner" j yet 
oblerving the ^yre of your Leff'on. 

The Single ReliJJ)^ ( after 7/&^, is underftood ) will be very Tiie single 
Eafie^ as being but a piece, or part of the Elevation --^ and is ^^''^^• 
like wife generally done upon the JJcenfion^ or T)efcenfion of a 
^d. Thus, 

Jlfcending a ^d. Thus. 'Defending a ^d. Thus. 
J J 

ae'fs I 2L£^ 



ar <L> I e/ r g 



ExplainedThus^ li?. Jljcendiug. 



n. r g^ I g ^ r- d r g. i I •• • •• I I ^~ — J II 

^- • •• ! •• llJ I - ^ I l ~ I f 

-~ I I I ~ I I ^^1 



Explained, Explained. Jtixp lamed. 
2d. 'Defending. 

J l!^ J ^-h J !-!^ J 

s (br- s >(br (b r 



T^fflalT) ye ae a.\ 



djT a\'b fsr at a 




Explained, Explained. Lxplatned. 



Note, That the 2,5/. AW, upon which you perform the i?c///Z», 
has zEack^fall^ which would always be performed very_/?rtfzzg./y, 
and fmartly^ before you attempt the other 2 Notes ^ which is jit 
that is needful to be exprefs'd, concerning the Single Relifl). 

The Double Relifj^ is a Grace^ very profitable topra&ice, for the Tlie Double 
making the Hand Nimble^ Qftjckj, and Even ; But upon the Lute ^^''^'' 
is not us'd to be performed, by any Sliding^ or Falling of Not/i^ 
as Others are^becaufe It confifts o^ too many Notis^to beper formed.," 
without fome other Help^ than by the Lift Han4y. But is done in 
This follovping manner^ Thus. P 2 Thi 



io8 The Civil 'Fart ; or. 



J J-J^ i, i 







TheTlain Note's. 5 ^a Thdr ExfUtiation. 

All This, is but called the Double ReliJ}}, expreffing Thofe 5 

TUin Notes. c^ m 

In fwcie^f TirMs^ the flei?, ^«i/ Trwe Terformance of It, upon 
the feveral Ktys, throughout th^ Jf^^rumefit, (either Z/z/e, or 
Viol) was accounted an Eminetit piece of Excelkticy , though 
now we ufe it not at all in our Compojitiom upon the Lute. 

However, I (hall commend the 'Frivate nfe^ and TraUice of It, 
to JUTramtioners, as a very Benefcid piece of Tra&ice, for the 
(rd?;^^««rf«£/ tff the Band. And although the very Shape, and Fajln- 
on of It, be not at Fhis "Bay in General ufe 5 yet I will fet down 
fuch Alhtfions to It, or fuch Kind oi ^dependences upon It, (when 
I come to give Further T^iretiions for the Hand) as fhajl pals, 
with very much Grace^ and Modrfi-Gmd-Jpplaufe. 

But I muft iji. make an end of Explaining the reft of Thefs 
Cr^m, whichlwillhaftentodp. , , r^ „ 

The 5iur. The next therefore, i. the Shr, and is no more than the Falling 

of fo many Letters, (Jfcending) as you can upon v^«> ^«e 
: String h only by hitting the iJi- as you did the J4 hole-fall- As 
for Example. JU Thofe, which are Hooped in, go under the Name 
^<i Shm'd-Notes ; only hitting the iH. and Fallthg the reft, as m 
the Elevation hefore. 



:5"g3 



Explained Thus, ^^r^ 



^crt_7iS a r_?)_ 



The Slide. 



The Slide, is near of Kin to the Slur, and differs only 7htis 5 
your jNoies'st!^ always 'iDtfcending, and Marf(d with a /:W;', <?r 
Slide, asyom Slnr, As for Example. . - . 

The Slide Ex- j* " J J 



plained 



JFjLJlJX-CCt 



^_a 1 6La_ I I II 

v::>^v:^ • 1 •• r a ca 1 1 an 

- — ^^ ^1 "^^ • •• r a. \ I ^ 



s "^s^a 



We feldom tTZ/We above 2, or 5 at a time, 
} as you may fee marked in the iji. 2d. and 

" Sometimes we Slide Four, as in the Little 

Short Line. 

The 



The L^ute made Eafie, lo 9 

The doing of Tbisy is no more, than lU- to make all the Stopt 
Letters Ready, ( that is, have Them all Stopt together •-, ) Then 
hit the li?. and Twitch the reft, with your Stopt Fingers^ one 
from another, as you take Them off, and Remember to do thenl 
y^U Equally, for "Disiance , and Loudnefs, according to former 
TjtreUions. 

The Spi/7ger, is z Grace, vety Neat, and Curious, for (bme fort TheSpmger, 
of Notes •■) and is done Thus, viz. Explained, 

After you have Hit your Note, which you intend to make the 
Grace upon, you muft ( juft as you intend to part w'lxhyour Note ) 
1)ab one of your next Fingers lightly upon the fame String, a Fret^ 
or 2 Iretts belovp, ( according to the Jyre) as if you did intend to 
flop the String, in that Tlace 5 yet fo Gently, that yon do not cauje 
the String to Sound, inThat flop, (fodab'd;) but only fo, that 
it may fnddenly take away That Sound, rchichyou laU flruckj, yet 
j:;ive fome fmall Tin&ure of a Nexv Note--) but not T)ifiin[tly to be 
beard, as a AW; \vhxch Grace (\i Well done, and 'Fr^/'er/yj is 
very Tah^ng, and F'leafant. 

The Sting, is another very Neat^ and Tritty Grace 5 ( But not The sdng, 
Modify in Thefe Tiays ) yet, for fome forts of Humours, very Ex- E,xplained. 
cellent y And is Thus done, (upon a Long Note, and a Single String) 
firft ftrike your Note, and fo foon as It is ftruck, hold your Finger 
C but not too Hard ) fiopt upon the Tlace, ( letting your Thumb 
loofe) and rvave your Hand ( ExaCHy ) dorvnwards, andupwards^ 
fevcral Times, from the Nut, to the Bridge j by which Motion, your 
Finger will draw, or ftretch the String a little upwards, and down- 
wards, fo, as to make the Sound foem to Swell with pritty unex- 
peded Humour, and gives much Contentment, upon Cafes. 

The Tit, is a Grace, always performed with the Right Hand, "^^^^^^^^ ^^' 
and is a fudden taking away the Sound of any Note, and in foch a 
manner, as it will feem to cry Tut , and is very Tritty, and Eafily 
done. Thus. 

When you would perform This Grace, it is but to ftrike your 
Z etter, ( which you intend fnall be fo Gracd ) with one of your 
Fingers, and immediately clap on your next jiriking Finger, upoti 
the String which you flruck^--) in which doing, you (uddenly ^^/^e 
away the Sound of the Letter, which is that, we call the Tut 5 and which makes 
if you do it clearly, it will foem to fpeak the word Tut, ^o plain- fpeak^^ ^° 
ly, as if it werea Zto7/7^ (Tre^/^^^, Speakable. 

The next, ( which I (f^y felf) only call a Grace 5 becaufo Soft and Loud 
no Mafler ever yet (as I can find) directed it, zs a. Grace, but Exceiknt° 
my felf) is to Play fome part o£ the Lejfbn Loud, and fome part Grace. 
Softj which g:\vcsmuch more Grace, and LuUretoTlay, than any 
other Grace, whatfoever : Therefore I commend It, as a ^Principal, 
and Chief-Ornamcntal-Grace (in its Tropcr Tlace J 

The laft of All, is the Tauf ; which although it be not a The Paufe. 
Grace, of any performance, nor likewifo Mumbered amongft the 
Graces, by others, yet the performance of It, (in proper Places) 
adds much Grace : And the thing to be done, is but only to 
make a kind o^CeJfation, or fianding fiill, fometimes Longer, 

and 



no 



The Qiyil Van ; or. 



and fometimes Shorter, according to the Nature^ or Requiring of 
the Htmzour o£ the MuJ?ck^^ which if in Its dne Tlace be made, is 
a very Excellent Grace. 

I have now done, with the Declaration, and Explanation of 
the Graces. 

I will therefore proceed, to ( what I fuppofe you long for ) 
-viz. the further Explaining of Lute-Tlaji. 



A General 
Bulfe for the 
Right Hand 
Fingering. 



• All LtfTons 
fhould be 
Earr'd. 



When your 
Thumb fm- 
gle,beg3n5 any 
Earr, what 
Finger foU 
lows. 

When the 
Thumb fup- 
plies the place 
of the Fore- 
finger. 



I 



Chap. XXIV. 

Can Remember but One Thing more, which I count Needful^ 

that you be informed in, before you fhall find your Cel^fuffi- 
ciently Able to give a Trite Account of every performafice in Any 
Lejjon, that you ihall meet with. 

And it is the knowledge of the Right-Eland-Fingering, in a. 
General way : Which Thing, iti this Chapter, I will endeavour 
to Explain ^ and the rather, becaufe it is too Great a Trouble, in 
the 'Prickjng, or Trinting of Many Lejfons, to £et down the Fin- 
gering, to every Note. 

Bcfides,for your future latisfaftioUjand that you may Play by a 
Certain Rule, and not upon 7r«i?, at a Venture, with much Vn- 
certainty, not knowing a Reafon for what you do : Wherefore, 
attend This General Rule ; which fhall never fail you, for True 

Fingering. 

You muft know, all Lejfons you (hall meet v/ith, either will, 
or (hould be Earrd--, Co that when you fee the Earr, you will 
eafily perceive, what firt of Notes it coniii\s of, viz. o£ Even, or 

Odd Notes. 

If They be all Even Notes , either of One Kind, or Mixt, 
( provided they be mixt Even ; as 2 Crochets, and 4 Quavers to- 
gether, or any fuch ; ) Then, ever begin the firf^, with your 2d. 
Fitmr, and then the id. with your \fl. Finger, &c. as you will 
fee in raoft of Thofe 7 Tr<eludes, I fet you down before, with their 
Fingering Marh^d. 

But in Cafe your Thumb fhall begin any Barr, with a Single 
Letter, ( as in the 7th Tralude, in E-mi, It did ) you muft 
know, that In fuch a Cafe, your Thumb flipplies the E'lace, and 
Office of your id. Finger, as in that Tnelude youmayfee, inmofl 
ot the Earrs, quite through. 

But v/hen the id. Finger, fhall begin a Barr Single, and the 
id Note of the Barr fhall be flruck with the Thumb, (as in the 
$th. Trdude in Gam-ut, you may fee i) Then the Thttmb fup- 
plies the Tlace, and Office of the Fore-finger, your id. Finger 
ftill keeping Its Courfe, in taking the ^d. or next Note. Thus, 
(let your Lefon be fo long as it will)if your .^^rr confift of Even 
Notes, ot Evenly Mixt h make no Scruple, but perform it always 
in This Even manner --y which is the Sure, and Bejl way of Play- 
ing All Tfivifions, fo falling out. 

But 



The Lrdte made Eafle, 



in 



But if you meet a Barr.^ not Evenly Mixt^ as one Crochet^ 
and 2 Quavers, for the iB. 3 Notes:, and then the like again, for 
the 7tlThree N&tes, (or the like ^) In fuch a Cale, you muft 
only have RefpeS toThofe Even Notes, of a Kind, ( in that Barr ) 
viz. which are the iji. 2 Quavers, and which the laft 2 Quavers j 
and begin Them, with your 2d. Finger, although you ftruck the 
Former Note, with the fame Finger ^ as Thus, for Example, you 
may fee in TAefi 2 Barrs. 



u :! Jj* jj' J / 



J 



j 



ar jar^a r (bs }(Lr<b s 




i<p 1 'f\ /? }(! 1 


II '■ 


1 a 1 


11 


• / II 


I . i 1 _ 1 I I 
1 i/p 


II 
II 



^a 



0a 



^a 



Even Notes of 
a Kind, in a 
Barr, how to 
be Play'd. 



''a: 



I fuppofe, you remember, that a Single Treble, and a Bafs, is 
always to be ftruck with the 2d. Finger, and the Thnml>. 
Let TJ&^fuffice, for Even Notes in a Barr. 
But when you meet with Odd Notes in a Barr, Thut. 



H ^ t 






Odd Notes in a Barr, how. 



' \ * •• i~i~~ • 



l_T 



XH 



^a 



7W 



*^CL 



*/,>??-{ u'/' P"'' '■^' -^'^^^^^^ the^^rr, as youfeethem 
Markd (which IS i\^<.^«.^/, and proper F.>;^er^^^ 5; but then, at 
the 4?A. iV^^e, you will perceive, that Thofe remaining ^ Notes, 
will prove to be Even Notes, and of a Kind, ( as to the /?^/. ./ 
F/«^™; though Two of Them be <5V;^i^«^z,.r., and Two of 
Them Quavers ; That is, they are 2 and 2 of a A/W; which is 
all the Concern of your Ohfervation in Fingering : Therefore, 
you mult Turn pur 2d. Finger, although you ftruck the Bop be- 
fore, with the fame Finger. ^ 

rJl^LltZ'^'-Tfer -^^-^>>^^^^/^^^ Nature, asyou 
This may ferve ior^ Sufficient Diremof,, fdr your General 
Obfervauon, m your Bight Hand Fingering, viz. That whenfoe- 
ver you meet with Even Notes of a Kmd, in a Barr, you are to 
begm the iji of that Even Number, with your 2d! Finder', al- 
though the Barr, in the whole, confifts of Even or Odd 

In Triple Time, you will often meet with Three Odd Quavers, 
I bus, as in this Example following on the other fide. 



Even Notes 
of a Kind. 



Triple time.- 



the 



lU The C^yil Tan ; or. 



All Exception J *' * J" i J J- 

for the Gene- Lxampk Jfjjfs. a I I ejL <p ?) :» a a I e w\ — f?~\\ 

raiB«ic,of ^ glc^l ~ ' ' ~ ' o rl^ I JUZa i — cr\ 

Fingering, for 5 .:_^: — , — ' •• I Q.\ a II 

the Right . I_l I I i <P 1 Td^ni' 

Hand. ^ I _l J iT 

The RttU ivill fiill hold Good--, For you muft hit the i/r. odd 
Quaver i with your Fore-finger ■-, and then the 2 Jaft, ( which 
are ^»^« Notes of a Kind ) begin, as you fee, with the 7d. 
Finger. 

I think I need (ay no more, concerning this General Rtde, for 

Fingering: Yet (bmetimes,. there will happen (uch k_jnd of Notes, 

and Tajfages^ which we find, will be more F'andfomly Co?!venient, 

to be PJay'd, Contrary to This General Ride j fbme of v/hich I will 

. here let you down. 

J J" ^ ]>■/() 



Exafrpie. g • . ♦ r ■:z^a^^\ r_ S Jr a aji 

contrary to 7> "• • I r • ?> "• ;> r • T TTi 

the Gtneral /^ | • • ""■ ^^[j 

Rule. Vp I L ^1 



■^a. 



Obferve the 3^?. Note of TA^ Rtidiment^ ancl-ydu will perceive, 
that It is a Semiquaver h and they are all fo, till ) ou come to ffic 
Fifth AW of the lafi Barr: They are likewile AWe/ <?/ a A'/W; 
fo that according to your General Rtde^ AUThofe Notes fhould 
be Played with contrary Fingering, to what you fee them here 
(et '■> viz. Whereas you (ee them Marked, to begin with the Firfi, 
and Second Fi?7ger, theyftiould begin with the Second, sndfirji 

Finger. 

TheReafon, Now, my Reafon \sThis'-i becaufe, that in This T lace. It is 

neral*'Ri,?e^ is ^o^^ Natural, according to the Formation of the Fand'-^ and 

coturadifte'd'^ fo It Will be more familiarly eafic, and ready for the Band,, to 

^^^^- perform Thofe Notes ^ ( as they fo ftand ) than according to the 

General Rule: Whichif. you attentively obferve, you may eafily 

perceive. 

As for Example 5 Take notice, how that the Forefinger, of 
your Striking FJand, (ftands in Its Tojiure of Tlay) more conveni- 
ently ready over the '2d. String, than over the ifi. So alfo doth the 
^d. Finger, (at the lame Inftant) ftand more ready, over the 
Treble String, than over the id. So that, if you will make your 
Preparation, as formerly I have direded, wz,. To make your 2<3^. 
Note ready, ( with both Hands ) before you firike your Firfi 5 I fay, 
( Thus Tr sparing) you cannot chufe but perceive, how that 
the Natural Formation of the Right Fand, doth Invite you to This 
manner of Tlay, in This Tlace 5 And fo would be in all other, 
hapning in the lame Kind. As for Example. 

Here 



^he Lute made Eafie. 



Here is another flich. 



115 



r re/ 


<b 


_. j^ h X <b s i<br r 


a ' <b 


• 


.f •• h •• .f •■ (tj •• .f •• >c^ •• 1 a 11 


1 • 




• ... 1 fi 11 


d: • <2 




1 1 a II 


S- a 




a. 1 II 
II II 



The id. Ex- 
aiBpIe,contrj- 
(lifting the 
General Riil:. 



a 



'a a 



a 



The iji. Barr^ is according to the General Rule ; But the 2d. 
you fee, is juft in the Nature of the other above, ContradiQory , 
and therefore, would be fb performed. 

Now, It will be very good, (for your Experience, and Con- The ben way 
frmation) totry t^JPlay Thefe 2 laji Examples y according to the to confirm 
General Rule'-) by which means, you will more apparently per- pauicuiar'^ 
ceive the 'Difference, and Reafonablenefs of This Exception --^ For I'lay. 
you will find, by fuch Tryal, that you cannot perform Thofe Notef^ 
fofmoothly, and eafUy by the Rnle-Tlay, as by the Exception- 
Tlay. 

Iwillftillproccedin77izf^ifWofFx/?/?»c«//<7»5 becaufe, that 
in the doing of It, I (hall do you Two Great Advantages. 

The One (hall be, I will Explain AU (or the moft part 
of) fuch Taffages^ as ufually are ft) performed upon Thk Tu- 
ning, or the Lute in General •■) by which doing, y«u (hall ever 
after be put out of doubt, as to the right order of all fuch 'Perfor- 
mances. 

Then 2dly. 1 (hall give you fuch an Advantage,as to the Gene- 
ral xpay, of Curious coming to the fever al Chfes of Thofe fever al Keys 5 
in which Ifmll Exprefs Them, as will be agredt means, to enable yon 
to Command a Kind of Voluntary 'Play upon the Lute ; which Thin^ 
indeed I do aim at ; And it (hall be the very next adjoyn- 
ing Work to This, which I do intend ( God Willing j to 
Endeavour: The which, ( to be able to do) is the MoU Ah- 
folitte , and Mofl SatisfaUory 'Piece of Performance , that any 
Perfon can Attain unto, upon This^ er upon any other Jnfini- 
ment' 

But Firfl:, I will make an end of This kind of Play. 

Here therefore , are Five other fUch Examples 5 which 
(with the former Two ) runs through All the Keys 3 and I fup' 
pofe will be fufficient, to enable you, both to know when and 
how to Break^the General Rule-Play, upon All fuch Cafes, at any 
time. And alfo, ( if you often Prai^tice Thefe following Exam- 
ples 5 which you may do at any time,upon Tuning your Lute, &c.) 
and whijch will (eem very Bandfim,\x^onfhat,ox any other'Of f 4- 
fion, and -add Lufire to your TUy aIfo,and make your Hand Neat 
Agile, and Fim •-, For you muft know. That fuch kind Of Come' 
offs, as Thefe, are accounted Quaintneffes, or Elegancies ; and in 
Play , Efkeemed very Credible , in the Performer, if he Perforni 
Them Accurately, and Curioufly Well. And here, in this next Page 
following, you (hall have Them fet you. 

Qw Example 



what is the 
mcft Abfoliite 
fatisfaftion, 
upon theLute, 



1 14 



^ 



^ 



■■ ■■ ■.^■■■i ■■ III »■■ I 1 1 1 1 ■■ ■■■ I ■■ « ■ I ■ , 

The Ciyil Tart ; or. 

Example in D-fol-re-Key. 
r a. 



6" '^ a 


1 /? •• 


a ■' 


^ 


a 


^ 


^a 1 




r • " • r 
— . • 


? ; i • 
1 


r •• 




• 


1 rir r 


r 1 


• 






a ■• la a_ 


a 1 


1 


1 




1 




l<? <P 


fi' 1 




1 


'd 1 


4 a 






a 




4 


A^a, 


' S T) „ 


/? 


1 






11 




,f •• (L •• r 


s 


h s 




<b 




i^ >(L r r 1 




■ ' • • 


1 .f ■• h 


.. j: .. 


e. 


'• 


* 


•• fib - a \ 






• 


• J • 




• 


1 /?il 




1 -0 II 



>a 






•jS* 



a •■" a 4 

Example in E-la-mi-Key. 



-.a 



i__>a_r 



a 



<+ 



<t 



?) 



m. 



r (L r • I r •• (L , 



d e^n^-:-- 



'^ •• J 



a 



^a 



X e/__r. 



/• J^J 



r "^^~r~-"~ ^ •• r •• ^ I , 7 ) a_a ii 

• — •"" ■ • I • • rif 



.ai 



(X- 



g 



^a 



Example in F-fa-ut-Key. 



X-/ i' d 






i<? 



r a 



f? ■■ a ■■ G'.. a. ?) 



• • 



^a. 



.^d <^a 



I a a 

"-?)■•'<?•• <P •• 6^ *a <? i ffl <?' <P 



a 



Example in Gam-ut-Key. 

a a _____ are/ C/ J_ _h a r <L jT a a. 

^ r^ Tr-77. Zz""- r •• \ i\- TT" s "'h •• g •• r •• ^ •• f >r - ^ n 

"• r • • I • • • • • ♦ - I fii 

~~~~ ■' I 1 _l_l rij 

I . I 



'?) II 



I 



^a <cj ^a 

Example in B-mi-Key. 



4 -^a 



r • • •' 

r 

r 



r ^^^- r •• /p"n^i r g. r r ^^ i Ti 



a_ 



air 



r • 1 r • e/ •• r •• r ■ j'<f r Lr w 

' I • • • ^ •• / r 

i_a 



r 



^a <^a ^a 

In this hit Example, Tune F-fa'Ut, ( or the IVi?)*!' ^fTiw^ ) Sharp. 



l^he Lute made Eafie. n% 



Now, I will ( according to my promife ) proceed , and en- 
deavour, both to advantage you farther in your Experience^ and 
Abilities^ in Reference to your more ExaU Performances 5. As 
alfb, ( if you take good notice of what you Qiall meet withall ) 
to enable you, to Manage the Lute, ( not only like a Good Scho- 
lar in playing oi LejSons^ (fet you) well, but) as a Majier: 
That is, To be able, ( upon the Touch of any Strings or Key ) fo 
to follow fuch a Touchy or juch a J^umour^ <zj o« the Ridden, you 
either accidentally Hit upon ; or elfe fliall "Defign unto yourfelf to 
foUon) like a Majier ; the which (ball be done, oy the Expreffions 
of (undry and various Humotirs, and Conceits, in the Nature of 
Ex tempore, or Voluntary 7 lay, proceeding from One Key to Ano- what is to be 
ther. Orderly, and Naturally '-, which is aThing very few know hovo fe"enc''oa** 
to do, and fewer put in TraBice: But none at all, (that yet I Voluntary 
could ever hear of ) who have attempted, to give it in Ex- ^^^^■> "^^^ °^" 
ample, as hereafter, In Thk Jfork^, you (hall find done. ^^ "^' 

I will therefore proceed to Examples •-, and make my T^ifconr- 
fes upon (everal Cafes, according as Need Ihall require. 

To which end Imuft firft inform you, di Two ^Principal Mat- 
ters, in Reference to Voluntary Tlay. 

The Firft is. You muft have a fpecial regard to That Tarticu- the^Key""'"^ 
lar Keyyoufirfl Touchy or attempt to Play upon ; and is common- 
ly done, when your Lute is tvell in Tune : And in the doing of 
which. It is ordinary to ^em to 'Dtf>ell,ox: Abide uponlbme Strings 
or Note y by which the itey will quickly be known. 

Then ■idly, Exprefs fome little Humour, or other, prefently after j Concerning 
by which the Auditor may difcern Ibme Shape, or Form of Mat- ^^^ ^"^^e, 
ter, which you intend to follow : Both which, if you can do shape. 
[Veil, and Maintain-^, you will pals for an Able LuteniSf, or 
Majier. 

The Key may he known 4 fevcral ways. fhTkey '^" fe! 

Firft, By the Bafs , orT)iapafonj which if you make for veraiways. 
your Beginning Stroak^, there is no doubt, but It muft ftand for 
your Key. 

Secondly, by the Third, or Tenth, to your Bafs ( reckoning 
upwards. J 

Thirdly, by the Fifih, or Twelfth, to the Bafs. 

AndLaftly, by the Eighth. 

I fay, by thele Four ways, your Key may be known. 

As for Example : Suppofe I intend to Play a Tr£lude in C-fa- 
vt-Key, and to manifeft, what Key I do intend to Play in, I will 
begin Thus, with the la[i Great String, which is the T)iapafoft 
of C-fa-ut. 

. The Firli Trslude beginning in that Key C-fa-ut. 

I I a/?'7\\ya a f?_a 1 i fp — 

. I I ar • •• • I ar CL \ 

I g r g r I ?> :> r • 1 ~ ■ 1 . 1 

a aeva • • (> • 1 i •• 1 11 111 — j — 

6'lS" e ■■ • I" • I 1 I <P [ 



Q.» , Here 



ii6 



The Ctytl Tart ; or. 




n J ; 



J'- i^d 



a 



7f •• r'?)j)j?_i^_JL 



e/ jt g < 



r 



I 



I 



:3: 



aii: 

3JL 



g ^g 



^g -"g 



The meaning 
of a tuge. 



The very Beft 
xv^y, to pro- 
cure Inven- 
tion. 



Here you may apparently difcern the Key, of This Tr^lude, by 
the Firji Note^ which is C-ft-ut. 
' Now for the Fugue, Shape, or Form of Thk Le£on, you (hall 

know 7t Thus- 

The F«^e is (een in the firft /?tfry, in which is exprefl" a deter- 
minate Order , intimating Matter , and Form of ^otes , which. 
Matter , or Concert , 1 do intend to purlue, quite through the 

Lejjon. 

This Term Fuge, is a Term u(ed among Compofers 5 hy which 
They underftand a certain intended Crder^ Shape, or Form ofKotes'y 
fi'gnifying-, fuck a Matter, or fuch an Extention 5 and is ufed in. 
Mufich^, as^ The am, or as a fnhje[i Matter in Oratory, on which the 
Orator intends to Tiifcourfe. 

And this is the Nature^ and Vfe of a Fuge in Mnfickj) and, as 
you may moft plainly difcern, in This lajifet Lejjbn^ 
c Examine It therefore, and obferve the ifi. Barr, which fpeaks 
the Intent, or Conceit of the whole Lejjon ; each Barr varying a lit- 
tle, yet (as I may fay) TaUing of the FirU,ox Alluding There- 
nnto. 

• This is the very roay , if well ZJnderftood, and Imitated, which 
ivili occajion Invention, with much Edfe, and (areatT)elight : But 
at the pre Cent, will (or may) (eem a My fiery : However, I 
will purlue It (b long, in what I (hall hereafter let down, that I 
doubt not, but you will Grapple with the meaning of It, well, 
before I conclude, and to your great Satisfaction, and Advantage. 

From this Place, quite through the Book^, there is fcarce a 
Lejjon, but will Exemplifie This particular Matter of Invention. 

\ am Engaged next, to let you know, how to exprels your 
Key, hy a. id. or icth. to yottrT)iapafon intended. 

Now for Example, you ftill intend r-/a-///-^e;/ 5 and you begin 
to touch your id. String, which is a 3^. or 10th. to your intended 

Key. 

Here is a Tnelude, which will ftiow you, how That may Hand- 
(bmly be done 5 As alfo to Maintain a Fuge, or Humour. 



J ; 



The 2d. Tr^lude in the loth, above the Key. 



r r. 






I \6' eg _ aG"^ I g 

' ta \ . • r • " • i a 
-I . 17^" 



J J' 

k k k^h 

gi i y y • •• 



y I 



.g. 



T 



L L 

1 '<P I 



Here 



The I^ute made Eape. 



117 



f 



J j* JJ J J 

h h • •• • I ' • -T '^ ?) \j33- 

1 ir r^ 



J ; 
a g g r gy 



d i* 



h h 
h_ 






a 



r gio. 



ir__r_i. 
"I'S '^ja I. 
It: _L 



I 



^a 



^a 5 



•^g 



if 


; d 


r 






d i* 


J d 




a • 


/p- 




^ '^i^ 


1 'ft 


-h \6^ a 11 




* 


• 




r • r • 


i r •• 


g 1 g r a 11 


r g 


g 






• 


1 1 • 


|g r '^ J 


• 


'?<5' 


<p g 


'^" 




I'd 


<?g 16^ d J 








/P a 


1 


^\ 1 



cL^a 



Here the ^Sej* »• obvious-, and TUin., as beginning on the 2:5^, 
String, (the Letter <b^ on the fame String being but the fame 
7tf»e, yet augments the Sound., and makes it aUttle FttUer-^) 
And that i^, 2/ liiay properly have a :£'e«^e /<? /jf, for Its Grace, 
( the which is fet^ ) Ukewife the li?. ?>, in the 2^. Z'^rr^ The 
iji. 5^, in the 3^. ^^rr; The d', in the ^th. Barr j The iji. y, in 
the 5?k Barr ^ And the i/2. "b, in the 9^;?». ^^rr. 

Note likewife. That ^1/ thofe Letters., vfhich I have Noted for 
Beates, ff/uji be Jiruc^ with the Thnmb 3 and the Treble above each, 
vptth the '2d. Finger. 

This may fuffice, for the Fingering oftheLe/on. 

Now , as to the Humour of It, you may obfervc, That It All 
Tajis of or Similizeth with the ifi. Barr, in fome fmall kind •■) yet 
not too much of the fame Humour 5 for that is Nautiom., and Tire- 
fome, ( which has been Anciently^ by (bme, us'd too much ; but 
too little novo a days, by others. 

' Judgment, gaind by Experience, tmtjl be the beji TJireifor in 
' This Matter. 

' The laft part, Is a Htdea LQnto theFuge 5 yet peculiarly a Hu- 
' mour by Tt felf. 

' For you may carry on, and maintain feverd FJwnonrs^ and 
' Conceits, in thefameLefon^y provided they have fbme ./^;^7>j/, 
' or Agreement one to the other : But That does require ibrae Ex- 

* pericnce,and Judgment a\Co':,and more than fbme of our Late Com- 

* pofers of Thefe Times fijevp , who make their LefJ'ons, as I have 

* known Boys to make their Jacks of Lent 3 Tfmr Tjoublet-Skeves of 

* feveral Colours, and both differing from the Skirts.and the Body dijfr- 

* ingfrom All, (and yet all very Good Stup, Cloth,or Silks, had they 

* been properly, and Judicioujly plac"d-:,)xvbich kind of Ridiculous Com- 
' pofures,have no Good Order, or Compendious Artifice in Them^but are 

* made up at Random, by Hab-Nab, without Care, Ski Hior Judgment. 

' Now here, it will not be Impertinent, to make a'fhort Di- 
' grejjion, and to fay fomething in This BefpeB, of Mufick_ 5 which 
« I believe, every one will not believe, or think poffibJe^ and ef- 

* pecially, in the matter of Invention, in Compofition. 

But 



Note. 



A Conipari- 
foti) concern- 
ing Ridiculous 
Coin|ioriircs. 



A NecefTary, 
and short Di- 
grefrion,Coin- 
paringMufick 
to Language, 
or Oratory. 



ii8 The Chil Tart • or. 



' But Thui much I do afirm^ and fhall be ready to Trove^ by 
' '^emonflration, (to any Perfon Intelligible ) That Mujick^is as 
' a Language^ and has Its Significations , as Words have , ( if 
' not more ftrongly ) only moft people do not under ftand that 
' LaKguage ( perfedly. ) ^ 

Further Ex- ' ^^'^ ^^ ^" Orator, (when he goes about to make a Speech, 
plained. ' Sermon^ or Oration ) takes to Himfelf fbme Subjed Matter, to 

' Exercife Mimfelf upon, as a Theam, Text, or the Li^j and in 
' That Exercife, can order His Difcourfe, Or Form, various, and 
' (undry ways, at his Pleaflire, and yet not ftray from, or loofe 
' His intended Matter. Even fo may a Learmd MaUer, in This 
' Jrt, do the like ; and with as much Eafe, Scope, and Freedom 
'(fignificantly. ) 

' And as in Language, various Humotirs,Co/fceits, andTaJJio»s, 
' ( of All Cons) may be Expreft , Co likewife in Mufick, may any 
' Jr^imoiir, Conceit, or Tajfion ( never Co various ) be Expreft 5 
' and fo fignificantly, as any Rhetorical Words, or Expn/jfions are 
' able to dof, only, (if I may not be thought too Extravagant 
'in my Expreffions ) if any T)ifference be. It is. In that Ah/Jicl^^ 
' (peaks Co tranlcendently, and Communicates Its Notions fo In- 
' telligibly to the Internal , Intelledual , and Incomprehenfible 
ThcDit-ine 'faculties of the Soul 5 Co far beyond all Language- oC 1¥ords, 
Power o\ Mu- ' that I confeft, and moft (bleranly affirnv,! have been more Scn- 
^''^'^- ' fibly. Fervently, and Zealoujly CaptiiiMi^, and drawn into !Z)z- 

' vine Raptures, and Contemplations, bjT^Thofe ZJnexprcjfibk Rhe- 
' torical^ Vncontrottlable Terfwajions, imd Injirtt&ions of Mnjlcks 
' Divine L.anguage, than ever yet I have been, by the beft Verbal 
' Rhetoricko that came from any Mans Mouth, either in y«/p77, or 
' ellewhere. 
^ ' Thofc Influences, which come along with It, may aptly be 

' compar'd, to Emanations, Communications, or Dijiillations, of 
' fbme Sweet, and Heavenly Genius, or Spirit '■, JVJyJiically , and 
' Vnapprehenfibly ( yet Effe&ually ) DifpoJJejfing the Soul , and 
' Mind, oC Jll Irregular T)ifiurbing, and Vn quiet Motions-^ and 
' Stills, and Fills It, with Quiet7iefs, Joy, and Teace ; Jbfoluts 
' Tranquility, and Vnexprejjjble Satisfadfion. 

« I fpeaknot by Roat, but by Experience, and what I have of- 
*■ ten found, and felt. 

' This Relation, will feem ftrange to many 5 which I fhall not 
' wonder at 5 becaufe I know there are but few, which do arrive 
•• to that Height , and Degree of Experience , and Knowledge^ 
' both of the Jrt, Trance, or Effe&s of //, or ( which is more ) 
•^ that do make ufe of Their Mufick., in fuch a Solemn, and Di- 
' vine tvay. 

But I muft break off This Difcourje-, in This Vlace, and re- 
turn to teach my Scholar, how to begin to Play a Tr^lude, from 
the Fifth, or Twelfth. The Example follows, in the next Page. 



Here 



The I^ute made Eafie, 



U9 






The Third T'r£li(de in the Fifth. 



.a S_ 



^-\ 

I 



.<P--1 _<r-| ?> a. <p I — 

fl— !,ie/ • g • r • a I r ^ 

i a__Li r ♦ _r~ 



± 



« I 'II 



eTTTT- 



w. 






111 



-a. 



Ji l^^_3_a_«!F t 



1 ^ • g <P T^ r 

I ■" 



i 

Jj2_ 



. ^ff 



a. \ 



I g • • r 



.la 



J 



-!-£_ 



J2_3_J3 



_aiL 



--a 5 

Here is a Oiort TrxUtde^ which begins in the Fifths or Twelfth^ 
as appears by the Firii Letter (d) upon the Trehk String. 

The /«^> , or FJjimour , you may oblerve lies in the Firll 4 
AWj-, and is maintained, quite through 5 One Strain Retorting 
upon the Other^ in Vnifm^mity 5 v/hich is a very GVe^/ Loveli- 
nefs^ in Muscat Exprejjions 5 but is too much dil^regarded by 
many. 

In the Playing of This Tr£lude, u{e yoUl" Fore-finger -Andi Tbimlf^ 
almoft quite through, according to the Rule of Clofe-pUj j which 
I conceive you may i^e^ez^^er. 



n 



The ^th. Tr£btde in the Eighth above. 



J/ 



a. -O.^ 



a. I a 



<t TtT^ ♦ '7^ • :>r a i r • >a 7> i?r 
~~J 



q I (L ?r a r 



<? 



J a 



J « 



"oTTT 



^1 



J 



r 
g 6" ?i 



r r • 1 



J/ J/ 



J'-J^Ji' 



JJ^ 





a.r <bi,CLf 


(Z.a j^ <L r a r 


a r 


/p '7^ a r 


TV • •• • 1 


• rt^ <^ •• 1 /f 


r r • 1 


• g 




a ' la 
1 J a la 


rrf 'aa 


1 1 1 


1 a •• 






1 




. 




1 


J 



^a. 4 ^a 



''(S ^OL -f-a ■i^a. ^a 4 

J-; J (J 



^ ^g 



a 



?f 



.a. 



_2 arc 



g a:r 



J 



a_ 



_a_ 



J 



a_<SL 



J 



jL£ia(_a 
"I --a" 



_aj 



1 i 1) 



a 



^a -^a: ^a ^a 5 ^a 



a 5 



IS 



This Tr^lude begins in the Eighth^ to the T)iapafon 5 but .. 
properly enough fiid, to be the Key:, yet becaufe I toJd yau of 
the Eighth^ I have here done It. 



You 



no Tf:?e QiyilVan ; or. 

You muft know, that an Eighth, and a Vnifon, ( in AhJJc{(s 

Nature ) is the JelffafMc Thing in EffeB'-^ as I Ihallhere demon- 

ftrate, by an Example. 

How an For, let a Man, and a Woman ( or a Boy) jing any Song toge- 

uiiS'iTfi' *^^^' ( Note, for Note-^ ) Jnd the Wom^n, or Boy, mU asNatu- 

nified"to"e'^" ^^^1/ (and cannot but) fin g an Eighth, above the Man, oi if they 

the fame - were both the fame j mhich mU not do in am other Chorde ivhate- 

Thing i.Na. ^,, y, fides. 

Andiaa This Thing muft needs be accounted a ftfflnge Myjiery , and 

great Myflery. jj ^ pjj Subjeft for the Grcateft Thylofopher to ftudy to give a 
Good Reafon for. 

Now, as you have obferv'd the laft ^Tralndes, in refpeft of 
Their Fugues, Orders, and Forms , So I pray do This, and you 
will find, that the FJnmour of the li?. 2 Barrs, is anCwered, and 
maintained in the :i,d. and ^th. Barrs ; Then, from thence, there 
is Another Flumonr, or Fiige maintain d to the End'-, yet various, 
but alluding partly to the \fl. 

In the Playing of It, ufe your Thumb, and 2d. Finger for the 
Firfl Note '1 and lb with your Thumb, and Finger^ all the way, as 
you fee Tt Marked. 

I will now fct you a Sett, or a Suit of Leffons, ( as we com- 
monly call Them) which may be of any Number, as you pleafe, 
yet commonly are about jRalf a ^ozen. 

The Firfl alwiiys, fhould begin, in the Natureof aF<?/««/4r)» 
Tlay, which we call a Tneludium, or Tr<elude. 

Then, AUmaine, Ayre, Coranto, Seraband, Toy, or what you 
pleafe, provided They be all in the fame Key ^ yet ( in my opi- 
nion ) in regard we call Them a Suit of Leffons ) They ought 
to be Ibmething a Kifl, (as we uie to fay) or to have fbrne kind 
of Refemblance in their Conceits, Natures, or FJumours. 

I will begin This Firfl Sett, with a Tr£ludium 5 and ftill, by It, 
Endeavour your further JK^z-w^^/tf^, concern'mg Voluntary 'Flay, 
and maintaining a Fugue, Conceit, or Humour. Therefore Note 
This following ^Fr£lude. 

Here begins the Firfl Tr£lude of the 8 Suits of Leffons, next following. 

•f -f >g^ a a ,^~S^ ^ . i 

g • •• s •• J I •• g ^a I ^^^ >y a i i 



^^^ 



I • .f - I -^ — / ••'^ ^rai g dT T 






a 



j'.J^&c. J.J> J*. /.&C. J7-/&C. 



f • 



<i r rg 



^g /P • !•• "g 



g • . g 



I g I 

^ I ?rg 



l___JSICl 



^^ — afflig 



I 



_ ____„_ ?> <y g I <P ^ g 

Here 



7 he Lute made Eafie. 



Ill 



J>.J\&C- 



J i- s 



a l_<?_a 



\ 



n\ a a i\r a \ a 



k >k h h k 
a 



i y 



a 



11 L 



I & I 



I 



^tt 



<<^a 



ia 



4 5 









J J- ^ 







J 






^a 



'a 



-^a 



g*a 



4 5 ^a-^o. 



Here is now <« Longer Tr£Uide^ than any yet you have had 
before 5 and if you obferve the Eumour of the lii. Two Bdrrs, 
you will perceive, That the whole Lejjon alludes to the fame 
Thing 5 and yet with pkajant variety : I luppofe you will not fail 
in Playing it with True^ and Troper Fingering, by reafbn, that 
y owe Rules zxcibT lain, and often Repeated before. 

Therefore Tie fay no more of This, but proceed to the reft of 
the Sett. And Here is the Firft. 

The Firft Lepnofthe Fir^ Sett, called the Authors Miftrefs. 





v*.f-^ 


5(6 S '^h 


vwk^ 




1 1 1 •• 


1 


^arJ-"(L 


>r a 


1 


<l> S ^h 


S\ >9^ 


.. . j .. 




1 


.. 


. , .. 


1 


J 


1 


I 


Lojd 1 


1 


SotV J 


Lou.i a 1 



'^a ^a 5 



a 






I 


1 


II 1 


s 




~---\ 


1 


1 


II >(b .f <-fi 






1 


J 5?) 


^ri ''a 


II 






J 




• \ ■■ 


1 






Soft 1 


1 


I 


) Luud 




<9 


1 



^a Soft ^a 4 



J 



«"k 

T~" "h (? 'a 



5 #a 5 ^ ^a 

J 



I 



jur ar a\ 



J-CJljgi_ ar 



g 1 Loud 



?> 



'S 



/ -I, 



1 



'^a -^a 



Soft 

a 



Loud --a 5 

This 



iiz The Ci'vil ^art ; or. 



fm^Snn/nT' '^^'^ ^^-^'^ ^ "^^ ^^ MWrefs'^ And I {hall not think It /««- 
concerning pertinent, to detain you here a little Longer than Ordinary^ in 
ThisLclTon; (peaking (bmething of If-, The Occafionoflf^ And why I give 
lym^d^mct It That Name : And I doubt not, but the ReUtiony I ftiall give, 
tofmik at It, ttay conduce to yout Advantage, in feveralRefpe&s f, but chiefly, 
in refpedt of Invention. 

You niufl: firft Know, That It is a Leffon, though Old:, yet I 
never knew Jt 'Dif-reliJIoed by Any-, nor is there any One Leffon, 
in This Book^, of that Jge, as It is 5 yet I do Ffieem Jt ( in Its 
Kind ) with the Beji Lefon in the Booh^, for feveral Qood Rea- 
sons, which I (hall here fet down. 

It is (This very Winter ) juft 40 Years fince I made It 5 (and 

yet It is New , becau(e All like It ) and Then , when I was 

paft being a Suitor to my Bep Beloved, 'Deareji, and Sreeeteli 

' Living- Mijlrefs'-i But not Married'-, yet Contriving the Be§i, and 

Readied way towards It : And Thus It was, 

Tlie occafion * That very Night, in which T was Th»s Agitated in my Mind, 

ofThisLcffjn. <■ concerning V.er, (* My Living Mijlrefs'-, ) She being in York- 

* fhire, and My Self at Cambridge, ) ClofeJImt up in My Chamber, 
' Still, and Quiet, about 10, sr ll a Clocks at Night, Mujtng, and 

* Writing T etters to Her -, Her Mother, and fome other Iriends, in 

* Summing up, and 'Determining the whole Matter, concerning Our 
Marriage : (" Tou may conceive,! might have very JntentThoughts^ 
all that Time, and might meet with fome Tlifficulties. ( For as yet^ 

* / had not gain d Her Mothers Confent-) So that in My Writings^ 
' I was fometimes put to My Study ings. At which Times, ( My Lute 
''lying upon My Table ) I fometimes took^Tt up, and J4all(d about 

83* ''My Chamber'-, Letting ray Fancy Drive, which way Jt wonld, 
' (for Jfiudied nothing, at that Time, as to Alnfick^) yet my Secret 
' Genius, or Fancy, prompted my Finders, ( do what I could J into 
' This very Humour '■, So that every Time I walled, and took^ up My 
''Lute, (in the Interim, betwixt Writing, and Studying) 7 his 
' Ayre would needs offer It felf unto Me, Continually •-, Info much 
' that at the laji, ( liking it Well, ( and leji It ffould be Lofi, ) I 
' tookJPaper, and fet It down, taking no further Notice of It, at 
' That Time '-, But afterwards, Itpafs'd abroad, for a very'rleafant^ 

* andDelightful Ayre, among fi All'-, yet I gave It no Name, till a. 

* long Time after, nor taking mere Notice of It, ( in any particular 

* k^nd ) than of any other My Compofures, of That Nature. 

'• But after I was Married, and had brought My Tlife Home, to 
•Cambridge 5 It fo fell out, that one Rainy Morning I Jiay'dwith- 
' in '■, and in My Chamber, My Wife, and I, were all alone 5 She In- 

* tent upon Her Needle-Works, and I ^layinguponmy Lute, at the 
*■ Table by Her'-, She fat very Still, and Quiet, Litlning to AU I 
' Tlayd, without a fiord a Long Time, till at laft, I hapned to Tlay 

* This Leffon 5 which, fofoon as I had once Tlayd, She EarneUly 
^ ' de[md Me to 9 lay It again j For, faid She, Thatfljallbe Called^ 

* My Leffon. 

* From which fVords, fo (poken, with Emphajis, and Accent, It 

* prefently came into my Remembrance^ the Time when, and the Oc- 

' cafion 



The Lute made Eafie. iz} 



* cafon of Its being produced^ and returned Her Thk Anfieery viz. 

* That It may very properly he c all' d Tour Lejfon-, ForvphenlCom' 
^ fos'd Ity Ton were wholly in My Fancy ^ and the Chief ObjeSf, and 

* Ruler pf My Thoughts --^ telling tier how^ and when It was made .' 

* Jfid Therefore, ever after, I Thus Call'd It, My Miftrefs 5 f Jnd 

* moji of My Scholars fince, call It, Mrs. Mace, to This 'Day. ) 

1 hus have I detain'd you, ( I hope not too long ) with This 
Ihort Relation ^ Nor ftiould I have been fb feemingly Vain, as to 
have Inferted It 5 But that I have an intended purpole, by It, to 
give fbrae Advantage to the Reader, and doubt not, but to do 
It, to Thofe, who will rightly confider, what here I (hall further 
fetdown, concerning It, 

Now in Reference to the Occajion of It, &c. It is worth taking Thertare 
Notice; That there are Times, and particular Seafons, in which Jcnnef^'^^d' 
the Jbleli Majier, in hk Art, (hall not be able to Command his Times of ° 
Invention, or produce things, fo to his Content, or Lifqng, as he Fl^"'^' '" 
fhall at other Times 3 but he (hall be (as it were ) Stupid, T)ull, invemion! 
and Shut up, as to zny Neat, Spruce,ox Curious Invention. 

But again, at other Times, he will have Inventions come flowing 
in upon him, with fo much Eafe, and Freedom, that his greateft 
Trouble will be, to Retain, Remember, or Set Them down, in Good 
Order. 

' Yet more particularly, as to the Occajton of This Leffon'-^ I 

* would have you take notice, that as it was at fuch a Time, 

* when I was Wholly, and Intimately poffeffed, with the True, and 
' Terfi^ Idea of my Living Mifirefs, who was at That time 

* Lovely , Fair , Comely, Sweet, debonair, Vnifirmly-Neat, and 

* every way Com^leat: How could ( poffibly) my Fancy Run 

* upon any Thing, at That Time, but upon the very Simile, Form, 

* or Lih^nefs, of xhe fame Subflantial Thing. 

And that This Le^on doth Reprefent, and Shadow forth fuch The Story ap- 
a True Relation, as here I have made, I delire you to take notice ^^^'t f° ^^\ 
of It, in every Particular 3 which I afTure my fel^ may be of Be- fon Explain-* 
nefit to any, who (hall ob(erve It well. ed. 

Firfl: therefore, obfcrve the Two Firfl Barrs of If., which ThcEuguc. 
will give you the Fugue-, which Fugue is maintained quite through 
the whole Lepn- 

Secondly, obferve the Form, and Shape of the Whole Lepn, The Humour, 
which confilts of Two t^«z/or«if, and Equal Strains '.j both Strains 
having the fame Number of Barrs. 

Thirdly, ob(erve the Humour of It 5 which you may perceive The Form. 
( by the Marks, and T)ireBions J is not Common. 

Thefe Three Terms, or Things, ought to be confidered, in All 
Compofttions, and Performances of This Nature:, viz. Ayrcs, or the 
Like. 

' The Fugue, is Lively , Ayrey, Neat, Curious, and Sweet, like 
*■ my Mifirefs. 
-' ' The Form, is Vniform, Comely, Subflantial, Graven and Lovely^ 

* likg my Mifirefs, 

R 2 ''The 



124 ^^^ ^^^^^ Van ; or 



3 



* T'/^e Izufaour, is Ji»guUrlji Spruce, ^miahle^ Tleafant, Ohljgjn^^ 
' and Innocent, like my Miji?cjs- 

' This Relation, to fome may feem Odd, Strange, Utmorem, and 
^Impertinent , But to Other ^X I prejume ) It may he Intelligible, 
'^ andVjeful-^ inthatlkpoTB, ( by Good Experience ) that in Mu- 
^ Cu\ All Theje Significations, ( and vajily many more ) may (" by 
^ an Experiencd'i and Zlnderjlanding Artiji ) be Clearly , and 
' mofi Significantly Exprefs'd 5 yea, even Of by Language It felj^ 
' C If not much more Effe&tkilly- ) i 

* Jnd alfo, in that I J^ono, that as aTerfon is Affe&ed, or Dif 
' fofed in his Temper, or Humour, by Reafondf vohat ObJcSl ( of his 
' Mind ) fiever '■, He flmll at That Time produce Matter, ( if h? 
^ be put to It ) Anfwerable to That Temper, T>ifpofition, or humour^ 
''in which he is. 

A Good Cau- ' Therefore I would give This as a Caviat, or Caution to any, 
tion for Com- < ^^o do attempt to Exercife Their Fancies, in fuch Matters of 
' Inventiou'i That They obferve Times, and Seafons, and. never Force 
' Themfelves to any Thing, when they perceive an Indifpofition ^ "but 

* rtktit for a fitter, and more Hopeful Seafon '-j for rchat comes moU 
' Compleatly, . comes mofi Familiarly, Naturally, and Eafily,vpithout 
'■Tumpingfor-o(a&wduiB to Cay-) 

' Strive therefore to be in a Good, Chearful, and Tie of ant FJu- 

* fkour always',' when you would Compofe, cr. Invent , and then, fuch 
' will your '^roduBions bi .: or to fay better, Chufe for your Timt 
\ of Study, afid Invention, ( if you may ^ That Time, wherein yoH 

* are fi 'Difpofed, as I have ^Declared. , / 

^.'^"^ And douhtlefs, as It jt in the Study, dndTroduUions of Mu- 
^fckjy fi^uBIt needs be,ini SI other Stiidies, where the ufe,and Ex^ 
'■xrcife of Fancy is Requirable. 
. f. I will therefore take a little more pains than ordinary, to ffiye 

Directions, ro „ . ,^. „. ' n n . . . ■" ^^. 

Play the Mi- ■ fisch Dueiftions, as you Ihall no ways ivrong, or in;ure my Mt- 

ftrefs well. I ftrefsy but do Her all the Right you can, according to Hen True 

'Deferts, ;• .■ .; . ■ 1 . r-} 

Firfl: therefore, obferve to Play, Soft, and Loud, as you (ee It 
. Mark'd quite! through the Ze/fo». 

Secondly, ufe That Grace, which T call the Sting, where you 
feelttet, and the Jj&m^er after It. ,, t 

And then m the laft 4 J>r^»/, obferve the J/ifi^ej-y tfWJ'/^rj-, 
and you cannot fail tokaow my Mijirefs's Humour, provided you 
keep True Time, which you muft be extreamly careful to do, ia 
All Leffons : For Time is the One halfofMufick. 

And now I hope I (hall not be very hard put to it, to obtain my 
Tardon, for all This Trouble I have Thus put you to, in the Ex- 
ercife of your Patience s efpecially from Thofe, who are fo Inge^ 
nious, and GoodNaturd, as to Trize, and Value, fuch Singular^ 
and Choice Endowments, ^S: I have here ^ade mention of, info 
Abfolute, and Compleat a. SubjeU ; As alfo, in that they may (eve- 
j-al ways gznaAdvantagesTherehy-y which h my C^ief Aim, and 
Tfrift. 

c r I will 



The Lute made Rape. 



\ VL% 



I will now ftt you, the 2^?. Lef on of This Sett, whkhftiallbe Theid.Lef- 
as one of the fame Kindred j and indeed It is (b nearly Related s°e"c° Named 
unto the Firft, as I can give It no JSIame (b proper, as the Off- theoff-fpring. 
faring ; becaufe It came ( as I may fay ) out of the Firft, ( as 
you Ihall hear ^ ) For after fome time, that My Mijirefs grew in 
FJiee/n, and to be fb Generally we 1/ liked of (a^l have declared ) 
I was defired by fome of My Scholars, to make another Part, to 
Play at the fame time with That my Mijirefsy upon another Lute : 
Whereupon I Set This next Lejfon :, and It is Co made, that It is 
both a.Confort Lefion, ( to the former, upon another Equal Lute ) 
and does pais alfb for a Lone-Le^on--, and call'd often the 2d. Tart, 
or Tart of My Miflrefs. And here It is. 



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In the ufe of This Lef?on, you mufh Note Two Things efpecially. The Expl 

.U^^TL^r ^^Ya^T ^"y "?^r "P^^y J*^" Confort,(withnat Sff-^i^'g! 
other) 1 hoje Tmo laji Notes of the Fourth BaVr^andthe Three Firji of 
the Fffth Barr^may be: left unplayed, (which thing we call Refting-^) 
becaufe They are the very fame Notes, in that place, of the fore"- 
going le/ont, fothat although It will be m Difeord, (if Played) 
yet It is not accounted Handfom to Play the/me Thin^ upon 2 f,- 
veral hiUnments, i onfort-wife, at the fame time. 

■But when Itjs Played as a Lone-Lefon, Thofe Notes are very Tro^ 
ftr, and ht Aire, to come in, in ThatTlace,m Reference to the 
Retort in the next Tvpo Barrsfolloxciug. . ; : 

But when It is Played, as aT art- Lejfontothe other Lute his 
more Ample and Modifl, to ReU Them 5 Notes, (The other Lute 
thenTlaywgThm) for that the 2 Z^^w^will Retort, and An fwer 
one the other much more ca^pkatly, in t^e f^me Kind, orffumour. 

The 



ii6 



The Qhil Tart ; or. 



The 'id. Thing obfervable is. That when you Play It for a 
Lone-Lefofty you muft, (for the Humour fal^) make Three Tanfes^ 
in the laji Strain^^x. Thofe Three 'Tlacet Where you will find Thefx 
Thus "^ Marked j and Thofe Three Notes al(b to have the Sting- 
Grace, ( as you may (ee It (et before Them.) 

This is all I ftiall hint you unto, in Thjf LeJJbn ; for I believe 
you will find the Humour of Tt Eafily^ in regard It is fo near of 
Kin to the former ■■) only remember to Play It Soft^ andLoud^ as 
you fee It Marked. 

Take notice alfo of the Fugues which are in It, maintain d to 
the end, yet various from the other. 

The^d. Lejfonofthe iji. Sett, named the Cozcn-German. 



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I have on Turpofe, Cct you Thefe Three Lepns together, in 
that you may the more ( for your Experience, and 'Pra&ice ) 
be informed in That Main Thing, which I have driven at for you. 
viz. To be able to kfton>, the manner of Managing a Fugtte, and fi to 
maintain It, as to bring It in, ^Property, mth yourwholeTiifcourfe, 
into a True and Handfom Form, or Shape, in any Matter you intend 
to purfue, or have a T)efignfor 5 And in may of Extemporary, or Vo- 
luntary 'Play. ^ ^ , TLT jim 

And as you {kc,Thefe Three Lefons,2irc o£ fuch a Near Affinity, 
or Likenefs of Humour, or Conceit, one to the other, you may the 
more plainly perceive by Them, after what manner, you may fol" 
lovp, and vary a Fugue, 6cc. 

In This lajl Eefon, you will (ee the Fugue fottovp'd, and main- 
tain d to the End •-, and without being Glutted--^ or Cloyed with It 5 
bccaufc It is fo varieujly pcrform'd, and upon Sundry^, andTleafant 

Keys. 



The luHte made Eafte, 1 1 7 



Keys. As alfo the ExaU VttiformJty^ or Likemfs of each Strain^ 
bethvpjthin Themfelves^ 2lX\A 3\Cooi One Strain to another. 

When I talk oiVniformity in a Leffon^ I mean Thus. what is 

We are to confider of the Lejffon^ chiefly as to Form, ov Shapes unUormty of 
which Thing concerns the Compofer^principally to be carejnlof'-^ But a Ltflbn. 
as for FugMc, or fiumour^ you may let Them be what they will j yet ^ 
They would be Co contriv'd, as to have Neatfiefs, and Sfrucenefs 
in Them 5 and to bemaintain'd Vniformly^ and F.-venly. 

In which Thing we muft ever have a Care, firft to make our "^^e. firft 
j&<«rr<f of every Strain^in Numkr, Even,(yiz. 4, 6, 8, 10, 1 2, or e^t ._) v!bl7'in Unh- 
and Rarely, or Never to mak§ a Strain of Odd^ (viz. 5,7, 9, 11, formity, 
or 13, c^c. ^ jP^rrj- in a Strain ; for if at any time you chance 
to meet with a Strain, confifting of Odd Barrs, perule That Strain '^ 
rcell'-, 'Fonder It in Its Fugue, Matter and Form, and you will ( in 
the En^d) perceive, that either fome one oiThofe Barrs, might 
rcell have been fpared, or elfe Jome other put in, or added, (here or 
there) which naght much more have Amplified the Strain :> But 
being as It is, with an OddBarr, you will find it Tncompleat, and 
T>if-fatisfai$ory •-, that is , It will not throughly pleale you, ( if 
y on have a True, and Uniform Fancy.) 

For It may very aptly be compared to an Overfight, in the ma- ^ comparifon 
king of Verfes, where the ^oet (inconfiderately) puts in a Foot too betwixt Mu- 
rduch, Ota Foot too little i, and'm the True Scanning of JuchVerfes, JVtS«- 
you may eafily perceive theni Fobhle, and not run fmoeth, which fit^'" fecT"*' 
is a great hlemijfj to the Work. 

There have been, and ftill are, very good Majiers, and Compo- 
fers •-, as alfo, 'Poets, which do not regard this one Thing 5 And lam 
very confident, ifltey were hinted to It, and did well confider 
It^ Themfelves would acknovoledge Their Overfight^ and for the /%- 
ture, always retain the Obfervance of It. 

The 2d. Thing,which makesVniformitf more Lovely in a Strain, 
is. That Thofe Fven Barrs, may bear fome kind of Correfpondency, 
(as I may fty ) Affinity, or Likenefs in their Form, or Shofe, 
one to another 5 as you may very plainly perceive there rsin Thefe 
3 foregoing Leffons, ( more Examples of which , I (hall not need 
to fet down, to caule you to underftand my meaning.) 

Thefe Two Cenjiderations are to be had, in Reference to one 
Strain of a Le^on. 

But the 3<^. Thing, which will make an Abfolute, Compleat, and The Third 
Terfe^ Vnijormity in a Le^on, is, when both Strains, are fo con- "^^^^i ■' =>>' 
triv'd, That They agree Equally, both for Number of Barrs, and for '^ ° ""'^ 
Shape and Form, in fuch a Retorting way, as is likewife plainly 
to be (een in Thofe 3 laft mentioned Leffons. 

I (peak not This to Bind, or Reftrain the unbounded, and un- 
limited Braveries of Fancy, or Invention of any 5 For I know 
there are very Excellent Compojures oCaW Forms, and Shapes, and 
of Even and Odd Barrs, according to the various Humours and 
Tleafures of Men. 

And fometimes for a Conceit fake, I have done the like ; yet 
(for all that) upon a Revievp, and better Conftderation, I could 

fee 



fohue Unifor-- 
mky. 



12.8 The Qy il Van ; or ^ 



fee where, and how eaGiy to Correl$ Cuch a'Defe&ion, (forfoftill 
I mufl: call It ) in the Faficji, or Humour, by either Jdding, or 
1)iminij\nng--y and fb make my Ze/S?»ftillthe more Compkat, and 
'Uniform. 

Many things are Good, yea very Good ; but yet upon j^fier- 
o Cofjfderation, we have met with the Comparative, which is Better-^ 
yea, and after That, with the Superlative^ ( Fefi ofAU) by 
Adding to, or Altering a little, the fame Good Thing. 
Anaffured ^^" Thing which I thus hint unto, with what went before,. (I 
way, to make dare avouch with confidence ) will (by a due Chfervance oi^Jf) 
Good^Uffons' P^°^^ ^ ^^^ ^eady, and certain way ( eafil) ) to make Eand- 
' fom, and Good Ayre 5 efpecially for f ejions of ajljort C^t, fuch as 
are AUmaines, Ayres, Corantoes, Serabands, and liich like. 
They would ever be made Vniform, and Even. 
But as long Lefons, viz. Traludes, Fancies^ Tavines, &c. It is 
not a Matter of to great Concern 3 becau'e, that in the Excee- 
ding Len^h of Them, there cannot be fuch a l^ice Notice, taken 
of their Cutf, or Shapes ; befides. The} have many times Humours 
of Taufes, and FlounJIxs, in a mild way, according to their Na- 
ture, that it is not expefted from Them, to appear in fuch an Ex- 
a^, and TunClual Form, as one of ThefeJJjort Ones, which is (more 
in ufe, and of a more eafie 1)ijcern 5 ) Commonly, like a Pair of 
Verfes, of Six, Eight, Ten, or Twelve Feet, which if either be 
too long, or too ftiort, a very Indifferent Obferver, may (bon e(py 
the T)efe&. 

The(e 3 laft Lejfons, although I have given them Cvich Fanftcal, 
FJumorous, or Conceited Names , yet ( according to their Forms, 
and Shapes, and Order of their Time,oi Troportion) may be call'd 
flmt AUmaines, or Ayres. 

And that you may hereafter know how to give Right, and 

Troper Names to all Leffons you meet with, take notice of 716^ 

General way, how you may know Them, and bow you may Order 

Them. 

Howtoknow, There are firft Trdudes, then 2dly. Fancies, and Voluntaries, 

and give right ^^/j,. Ravines, \thly. AUmaines, ^thly. Ayres, 6thly. GaUiards, 

fomZiLcf 7*^b- Corantoes, Sthly. Serabands, c/thly. Tattle de Moys, lothly. 

ibn",&c/' 'Chichonas, iiihly. Toyes, ov Jiggs, \ithly. Common T/ww; But 

laftly, Grounds, with Tjivifions upon them. 

And of every of 7y&e/e,I will give you forae kind of Knowledge, 
TheDefcrip- hv Way oi T)efcription. 

Txhe S™' The Trslude is commonly a "Piece ofConfufed-wild-fiapelefs-kind 

Iijdc. of Tntricate-Tlay, (as moft ufe It ) in which no pevkQ. Form, 

Shape, or Uniformity can be perceived 5 but a Random-Bufmefs, 

Tottering, and Grooping, up and down, from one Stop, or Fey, to 

another j And generally, Co performed, to make Tryal, whether 

the Jnjlrument be weUin Tune, or not , by which doing, after they 

have Compleated Their Tuning, They will (if They be Majlers ) 

i.The Fancy, fall into fome kind of Voluntary, or Fan^cal 7 lay, more InteUigi- 

or Voluntary.' ^/e^ which ( if He be a Majier, Able _) is a way, whereby He may 

more FuUy, and Tlainly (hew His Excellency, and Ability, than by 

any 



The Lute made Eafte, i z ^ 



other kind of undertaking ; and has an unlimited^ and tmbotm- 
ded L ibertj 5 In which, he may make ufe of the Forms^ and Ships 
oj all the reU. 

Tavities^ are Leffons of 2, 5, or 4 Straws, very Grave, and Sa- j pavines. 
her •■) Full of Art, and Trofundity, but (eldom us'd, in Thefe our 
Light T>ays. 

AUtnaincs, are Lepns very Ayrey , and Lively-^ and Ge- 4.Alimaine», 
ncrally of Two Jifr^/^j-, oi \!n& Common^ oxTlain-Tjme. 

Ayres, are, orfhouldbe, o^ xh^ ftrue Time, (yet many make y.Ayres, 
Tripla's, and call them (b;) only they differ from yfiife?^//??/, by 
being commonly Shorter , and of a more Quicl^^, and limbic 
'performance. 

Galliards, are Le/onso^ 2, or 9 Strains, but are perform'd in ^ Gaiiiards; 
aSlovp, and Large Triple -Time i, and (commonly) Grave, and 
Sober. 

Coranfoes, are Lejjons of a Shorter Cut, and of a Quicker Tri- 7. Corantoes, 
fle-Tme ^ commonly of 2 Strains, and full of Sprightfalnefs, and 
Vigour, Lively, Erisk^, and Cheerful. 

Serabands , are of the Shorteji Triple-Time 5 but are more g. ^erabands, 
ToyiJJ}, and Light, than Corantoes-^ and commonly of Two 
Strains. 

A Trf/z/e <5^e My, is a A^cn? Fajliiond Thing, much like a JVy^- 9. Tattle de 
^(?;/^/^ only It has more of Conceit in It, as ( in a manner ) ^oys. 
fpeaking the word, ( Tattle de Moy ) and of Humour 5 C as you 
will find, 4uite through Thif Book,, where they are (et ; ) That 
Conceit being never before Publiihed, but Broached together with 
Thfs V/orki 

It may fupply the Place of a Seraband , at the End of a Suit of 
Leffons, at any Time. 

Chichona^s, are only a, few Conceited Flumorom Notes, at the end '"- chicho- 
of a Suit of Lefjons , very Short, (viz,.) not many in Num- "*^' 
bsr ^ yet fometimes confifts of Two Strains, although but of 
Two Semibreves in a Strain, and commonly, of a Grave kind of 
Humour. •. 

Toys, or '^iggs, are L^igbt-SquibbiJJj Things, only fit for /vr«- n- Toys," or 
t^iical, and Eajie-Light-Headed People 5 and are of any fort of ^'^^^' 
Time. 

Common Tunes, (fo called) are Commonly known by the li-CommcD 
Boys, and CommonPeople, Singing Themin the Streets 5 and are of ^"°"' 
either jtfrf of Time, of which there are many, very Excellent, and 
well Contrivd Pieces, Neat, and Spruce Ayre. 

The Ground, is a fet Number of <5V(?w AWi-, very Grave, and 13. Grounds. 
Stately 5 which, ( after It is exprefi'd Once, or Twice, very Plain- 
ly ) then He that hath Good Brains, and a Good Haiid, under- 
takes to Play (everal "Divifions upon It, Time after Time, till he 
has (hew'd his Bravery, both of Invention, and FJand. 

Thus, I have given you to underftarid, the (everaly^;-//, and 
Shapes, of moft Leffons in ufe. 

I will now proceed in This Suit of Lejffons, and here fet you a 
(hort Coranto, as you (hall lee following in the next Page. 

S 7^^ 



I}0 



The Qhii ^art ; or, 



The J\th. Lefon of the iji. Setty kwg a Coranto. 



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A General 
Obfervation. 
how to find 
©ut the Hu- 
mour of a 
Lcflon. 



what gives 
the ChJefefl 
Luftre to Play. 



This Lejjen I call a Coratito^ and Troprly, as you may fee, both 
by the 7;>;e, and Shape of It 5 However, I would have It TUfd 
in a Slo-w^ and Lcrg Trcporticn : For the Nature oFit, is far 
more Scher , than a Ccravto , and will pleafe you much better 

fo. 

ThtFngue is (een, in the 5 Fzr/? Notes^ and perceptible all o- 
ver the Lejjon. 

The Form is Eve ff^ ZJmform, andTerfe^. 

The Humour^ is a kind of Sorrovping^ Tittj/wg , and Bemaa.' 

ning. 

And as to the General Fnmotir of any LeJJbn, take 72»- as a 
Conjiani Obfervation --^ wz,. oblerve It, in Its form, ov Shape -^ and 
if you find It Vniform., and Retortive^ either in 7/x Barrs, or 
Strains^ and that It expreffeth J'^(7r? Sentences^ ( as you may ob- 
{erve in y^Z? T/^e/e laftlour Lepns^ that they have done 5) Then 
you will find it very Eajie , toFumow a Lef^on^ by Playing 
fbme Sentences Loud, and' others again Soft ^ according as they 
bcft pleale your own Fancy , fome Very Briskly , and Con- 
ragioiifly , and fome again Gently , Lovingly , Tenderly , and 
Smoothly. 

And forget not efpecially , in (uch Humours , to make your 
Taufes, at Tropcr Tlaces, ( which are commonly at the Z^;»?J of 
fuch Sentences, where there is a Long Note, as eafily you will 
know how to do, if you give your mind to regard ffich Things, 
which give the Greatefl Lnflre in Tlay, as I have already told 

you. 

The playing o?This Leffon, is fo Familiarly Eafte, that I need 
fey no more to It. Therefore here is another. 



The 



The Lute made Eafte. 



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The $tL L epn of the J ft. Sm^heing a Coranto,5«f call'dj. like my Humour well 



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This Lepn liiay rather be called a 
HufHoHr^ than a Cvlranto •-, and has Its 
Fugue, or SithjeSl Matter ( upon which 
It Treats) expreft in the iji. Two B arts, 
which is throughout maintained, with 
Fiaftdfow, and Various Tntermixiurei. 
Tn^ fi^rw \sV»iform, ( each Strain within It felf ) though not 
All of the fame Nifmkr /?/ Barrs h and yet the ijii Two Strains 
are 5 which is no Errour, but (bmetimes, (^iox Humor-fak^ ) 
more Tleafant , ^»^ T)elightfitl, as in this 3,5/. Strain, which is 
HftmoroHf, and Conceited, and (eems to Moc^, or Mowe^ or 7e^; 
to be ^/y?^, or Afejr^ , as if it were telling (bme Jiggijli Story^ 
arid Tointirig at T'/^^-, or 7%(?* ^<7f(y, all along, till it comes to 
the 4 lajl Barrs, where you fee the Letter (i^) upon the -idi 
String, With a Full St0p j and where you muft ?<?«/?, andafethe 
Stinging Grace a Trittji while ; and then Sofilj/ whirl ariDaj , and 
Conclude. 

And although it be Coranto-Time , yet ( in regard of the 
Conceitednefs of the Humour ) I give It That Name. 

And becaufe, that Corantoes (Generally) are but of Two 
Strains ^ Therefore I will here following, (et you a Terfeif Co^ 
ranto, having (aid (ufficiently concerning Thif* 



S 3 



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131 The Qyil Tart ; or. 



The $th. Lepn of the iji- Sett, being a Coranto. 



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* 

This Le^ou is a TerfcU Coranto^ and has /if/ /wg'e expreft 
in the \fi. Two Barrs, and is throughout maintained. 

Its T-i^riw is Vfijfirm , each J>r.«z« within Tt fdf-^ the Fu- 
mour if Solid, Grave, and very Terfivajive, by way of Ar- 
gumentation 5 Fxpojiulating ( as it were ) the Matter with 
much Ferventnefs , which yon mufl: humour, by perform- 
ing <5flf/f, and Lottd-tlay, in Troper Tlaccs 5 where you m^y ea- 
lily perceive fuch Humour to lye. 

Such Ohfervations, as ^TAe/c, will prove (everal ways Beneficial 
unto you 5 both as to your Delight, in your undertaking 5 and 
alfb, a Help to Jncreafe your Knowledge, and Judgment •■, far 
beyond that Common rvfiji ofPoaring, and Tlrudging at the Tra- 
&ice of Lefons, only to Play them Readily, and Quick ■> which 
feldom, or never Troduceth ytdgment, but leaves This Knowledge 
ever behind 7ifv which is much more than the dne Half of the 
Work' 

1 will now Conclude This Suit ofLeffom, with a Light Eujinefs, 
as commonly we u(e to do, ( and moft commonl y cali'd a Sera- 
bands ) But becaule I will be a little Modijl), I have invented 
a Nevp-Fajhiond-One , which I call a Tattle de Aloy ; Eecaule 

It 



The Lute made Eafie, 



133 



It Tattles^ and fiems to fpeak^-, Thoje very jVords, or Syllables, as 
you may perceive by the Five Firji Letters of It. 

"Fhe yth. Lejfon^ and Conclupon of This jji- Sett. 



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7y6zf Lejion is fiot without /jfj- i%?/e, /^r«?, and //«»!/<?»»" 5 y^^ 
K>hich\ doubt not, but you will readily find out. 
, The Fugue.is in the iji. 2 ^^rrj , the Form is abfolutely Terfe^, 
and Vaiform, as you may perceive by the whole. 

For you may ( by your Ejie ) divide It into 4 Equal Tarts, 
( viz. 4 Tzf»es Eight Barrs. ) 

Its Humour is ToyiJJi^ Joccond^ Harmlejs, and Tleafafit ; ^nd, as 
if it were, one T laying with, or ToJJing a Bally up and down 5 
yet It (eems to have a very Solemn Cotintenance^ and like unto 
one of a J(?^er, and Innocent Condition^ or 'Difpojition 5 not ^«- 
//V^, ^/i/7j,, or r#v/<j/, &c. 

As to the Performance of Tt, you will do well to Remember, Memento, 
( as in all the reft, fo in This) to Play Loud, and J'^/?, fometimes ii^,°£' -"J 
Briikly, and fometimes Gently, and Smoothly, here and there, chid Crace.^ 
as your Fancy will ( no doubt ) Trompt you unto, if you make 
a Bi^ht Obfervation of what I have already told you. 

* Tbefe ways of TUfcourfe, will Ceemjirange, to very many, at the 
' firftjbecaufe r^y» aremufnal-^ yet I am not out of /3%,butthat Teldiingfdif- 

* after a'Deliberate-ConJfderation, had upon the Matter, ( toge- fersuom'the 
« ther With the Tra&ice, of what they may here find; as alfo Common ivay. 

* comparing This way^ of Open, and Free Teaching, with That Gene- 

* ralClofe,and Refervedway, all along us'd) I do not doubt, but 
•they will find fuch Good Acceptance, as there will be a i?/^/^^ 
* «/«' mde of Them ; by which the LutefluU be Redeemed fom 

ho(e 



■ . ■ » I II - ■ 1 1 1 II 1 

134 The Ciyil Van; or. 



Its Bentfit, t J'fiffj'g Jgnorafity and Belying-Refroaches, and Slanders^ Tphjch Jt 
and Advan- , ^^ ^ ^-^^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^;^^^ «»^erg<,«e .' Jtid alfo be fo I//»Jirated, 

* and brought into 'Deferved Efieem again^ that for Ever after, Jt 
'■fJiall be accounted, and approved ( according to Its True Worth ) 
' the Beji of portable Jnfiruments : And aljo very Eafily JiUaina- 

* ble, both in the TraUick, and VnderBanding Tart thereof^ xt>hich 

* is the Scope of my Endeavours. 



Chap. XXV. 

ISUppofe now, by what I have hitherto (aid, and done, ybu be- 
lieve there is a Necejjity ofObferving Thefe Rules,Thus fet d^ vn-j 
and that you perceive the great Benefit, that may attend the Clt- 
ferving Them- 

However, left you may not yet be folly (atisfied in your 
Thorough-ApprehenfionsofThem^lmllnext^fetyoudown, another 
Suit of Lefsons, in another Key, and Treat upon Them, as I have 
done upon Thefe, and by That Time, I (hall not the leaft doubt of 
your fiifficient underftanding my Meaning. 

Yet, before I fet them down, I think it very requifitc, to in- 
Piew'Sl-" form you in one moU Necefary Tiece of Majierfliip-.^ which is 
yicrAiip. ever performed, by Thofe of Good Skill, when They End a Suit of 

LeJJbns, in any one Key, and do intend preftntly to begin another, 
in a 'Differing Key ; which is : 

They do not Abruptly, and Suddenly Begin, fitch Nerv Lefions^ 
without (bme Neat, and Handfom Jnterluding-VelHntary-lil{e-''F lay- 
ing 5 which may, by Degrees, (as it were) Steal intoThat Netp, 
and Intended Key- 

Now, that you may be able to do Tt Handfomly, and without 
Blemifi, or Jncompleatnefi, ( for you muft know. It is a Piece of 
Quaintnefs fo to do ) you muft ^^^e Notice, that always, when 
you have made an End of 'T laying, uTpon any One Key, (i£Difi 
courfe, or (bme other Occafion, do not caufe a Cefiation ofTUy, for 
Come pritty Time, fo as the Remembrance of That Former Key, may, 
(in a manner)be Forgotten)\t will be very Needful,that ibme care 
be taken, that you leave That Key Handpmly, and eomeinto that 
Other you intend Next to Tlay upon, without Jmfertinency. 
A Compari- For fitch Tmpertinencies, will (eem to be very like fuch a Thing 
fon, betwixt as This,vphich IJlmU name \\z. 
MiS^^'^"'* * That, xvhen TvpoI, or moreTerfons have been Soberly, and very Tn- 

* tently Difcourfing upon fame Particular Solid Matter, Muftng, 

* and very Tonderoujly, confidering thereof-, AU on the fudden, fomt 
' One of Them, full Abruptly (without any Taufe) begin to talk. 
' of a Thing Quite of another Nature, nothing relating to the afore- 
^fiiid Bufinefs. 

' NoTX>, Thofe By-fianders, (who have Judgment ) will prefintly 
' apprehend. That although //»• Matter might be Good ; yet Eis 
' Manner, and Bis Wit, might have been better Approvd of, in 

'fiaying 



^he Lute made Eafie. 1^5 



^ jiaying fime certain, convenient Time^ in which he might have 
' found out fome Tritty Interluding 7)ifcourJe, and have taken a 

* Handfom Occajion, to have brought in his New Mutter. 

' Juft lb, is it in Mujick^^ and more particularly, in this Lafl- 

* Recited-Matter ••) as to Chop Tlifferent Things o1T>ifierent Na- 
' turef^ and of 'Different Keys, one upon the Nec\ of another, Jmper- 

* tinentlj' 

' For I would have It taken Notice of. That Mufu\, is ( at leaf!;) 

* as a Language, if It will not be allowed a TerfeB One ; becaufe 
' It is not fo roell underfiood, as It might he, ( as I have Declared 

* in my little Tiece ofPoetry, which adjoynsto theDialogue be- 
' tvpixt My Lute, and My Self. 

Having thus far prepared you, with an Apprehenfion of the The way how 
Needfulnefs of the Things I will now {how you how It is- to be tophi's from 
done, reithout Abruption, and Jbjurdnefs. nodierj wi^ii- 

Firftj, ( as abovefaid ) it may be, that 'Difconrfe, may take off out Abrup.i- 
the Remembrance of the lafi A'Vcin which you Play'd,or fome Oc- furdnefj^''" 
cafion of a Leaving- off,^ox (bme Tritty Timely a String breaking, 
or the like; or ifnot, tlien (as commorlly It happens) there 
may be a need oi^ Examining the Tuning of your Lute, (for the 
Strings will j^lter a little, in the T laying of One LeJ^on, although 
they have been well Stretch' d. 

But if lately put. on, or have been Slacked down by any Mif- 
ahance of Teggs Slipping, then they will Need Mending, mofl cer- 
tainly. 

I (ky, fbme luch Occa^on, may fbmetimes give you an Oppertu- 
nity of coming Uandfomly to your New Intended Key : But if 
none of Thefe (hall happen, then you ought, in a Judicious, and 
MaUerly way, to work from your laft Key, which you Play*d up- 
on, in fome Voluntary way, till you have brought your Matter fb 
to paff, that your Auditors may be Captivated xpith a New Atten- 
tion •-, yet lb Injfnuatingly, that they may have loft the Remem- 
brance of the loregoing Key, they know not how ; nor are they at 
all concern'd for the Lofs of Jif, but rather taken, with a New 
Content, and Delight, at your fb Cunning, and Compleat Ar- 
tifice. 

Now, as to your better underftanding oFThis Tiece of Art, 
and Skill '■, you muft firft know, that there is a greater Dif-reliflj, 
or Offence to xbxrEar, in pafiing to fbme Keys, than to Others. As 
for Example. 

If you end a Sett of Lejfons, in C-fa-ut, ( as in this laji Sett you a Caution. 
have done) then do not prefently begin a Sett, either in a ad. n°^foso/r9«n 

1 L 1 T-r Tr ■ ■ 1 rr^ ^f r. any Kev im- 

above, or below I hat l\ey, viz. either in JJ-jol-re, or in B-nii. niLdiacely in- 

For they are the 2 GreatVnJufferable Di [cords in Nature^ (viz,, a ^"^ * '^•°^ 

,!..»% •' " ■' ' ^ yth. from that 

id. ZVAZ-Jth.) Key. 

And although they are not fo to be confidered, as in Compofi- 
tion, in This Tlace ; yet there is a fecret TinUure of, or Alluding 
to fuch a Thing, which will Infufe It felfinto the-Harmonical Tart 
of a Man, whereby he will be a litde Difiurb'd, or Difpleaid, 
although he be unskilful, and know not for what CaAfe ; but con- 
trary- 



1^6 



The Ciyil ^art ; or. 



trary-wife, fall into any OtherKejf, and the Blemifti will not be 
fo Great, by far. 

I will now fet down (bme Examples , how to pa(s from one 
Key to another^ Neatly. 

The hH Sett^ was in C-fa-nt t, your hext fliall be in F-fa-ut^i 
fo that It is Needful^ you be able to Play (bme Little Bandjom 
Things to bring you off orderly, {lo^ThatKeyXoThk. 



Chap. XXVL 

Here are thcrefore^'Balf a ^ozcn InterludeSyto pafs from C-fa-ut,^(? F-fa-ut-Kfey, 



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138 



The Cfvil Tart' or, 



The Eenelic 
of thefeSix 

Iiirerludes, 
vvill jbemueh 
TOore djl-'i f° 
man)' Lcffons, 



Fugue, Mat- 
ter; i''orm,or 
shape-, Hu- 
mour, Life, or 

Conceit. 

The Chief. 
Things Regar- 
dable in Com- 
pofing. 

The Readieft 
way coaQood 
Invention. 



Why" the 
Rnlcsof Com- 
pofitioh are 
noc Treated 
uporij in This 
Eonk. 

Want of In- 
vention, the 
greareft Dif- 
couragement 
to Ycuiig 
Compofers, 



Tbefe Six Examples of Interludes, will do you man Credit^ and 
Service, and give you more SaUsfaUion, and VnderUanding, in 
managing of the Lute, in a MaHerly wayj if you Tra&ice to Tlay 
Them Neatly, and make your Ohfervations, how to Imitate, and 
Make the likely than if I had fet yott Twice jfo many Long, and very 
Good Lemons. 

And that you may not doubt of Any Thing you fee Tricl(^d 
in Them, know, That the firft Barr in every one of Them, ftands 
only to lliew you the Common Ending of Leffons in C-fa-ut-Key -^ 
fbrae being of Triple Time, and fome of Tlain, or hven Time. 
So that when you have ended any Lefon in that Key, then you 
have your Choice of any of Thefe Six Come-offs, to pafs Smooth- 
ly, and Commendably to F-fa-ut-Key, which you next intend to 

Plav in> 

Now for your better underftanding of the Notion of Fugue, 

( or Matter':)) Form^ ( orShafe--^) FJttmour, (of Conceits) I would 
have you to obferve, that in every one ofThofe Six Interludes, 
though you fee they be very ftiort ) may plainly be perceiv'd. 
All Thofe 3 Necefary pertinencies, in reference to Invention, Vo- 
luntary-flay, and A Good Compfer, viz. Matter, Form, Fhmoiir-i 

Life, or Conceit, 

And without a due Ohfervance of Thefe, None ftmll Compofe Mu- 
fick nnth that Eafe, Familiarity, and Certainty, Compleatnefs, and 
Tleafure, as Thofe who do obferve Them. 

I will not deny, but that it is poffible, to Light, or Hit upon 
fomething that may be Good ; arid do believe, that through a Na- 
tural Aptitude, ( which is in many ) Many do attempt to Compofe, 
and often happen upon very Good Ayre •-, but know not how it 
came to pafs : Nor do They obferve Thefe Things, ( becaufe, 
as I conceive. They might never be informed Thus, concerning 
Them ") yet I fay, fuch Produftions muft needs be, with Much 
More Labour, and Trouble, than if They did Thus go about Their 
Work, by a Certain Rule':, which ( together with a Good Fancy ) 
would never fail, Quickly to do the Bufmefs 5 yea, and with much 
Eafe, and Readinefs. 

The Rules ofCompofition, are Few and Eafte ^ and Attainable in 
a Months Time : And They are publifhed h very well, and Sub- 
fiantial/y by divers, that I (hall count it an Vnneceffary Trouble, to 
lay any Thing of Them. 

But as to the Great, andTrincipal Matter of a Compofer, which 
is Invention i ( and commonly the want of It, is the Greater T)if- 
couragement that a loungCompofer meets with J I know no Better 
way, than what may be found by Thefe 7)ifcourfes, and Examples-, 
which all along, quite Through the whole Number of Lepns, both for 
Lute, and Viol, in This Work., I kavefo contrivd. That whofoever 
fJ)aU Diligently obferve the Order of Them, cannot ( pojfibly ) but 
by Them, and ihiTlifcdurfe, find fuch Advantages, as I fpea^ofj 
there being no better way for fuch a Thing, than Example 5 the which 
Hefljallfind in every Leffon in This Book., ( excepting One, which 
floall be Set in the next Sett)according to the above-laid-down-Trin- 
cipals,yiz. Fugue, Form, and Humour, Siic. I will 



The Lute made Ea/te, 



^9 



I will not fay neither, that every One^ who makes the RighteSi 
Vfe, and Obfervation of the Beji Rules in Art, ihall by Thofi 
Rules att 0.171 to fiich Curiojity, Qmintnefs, or Excellency ; as (hall 
fome Others, who have more Jccute, JUive, and Spuce "Tarts Na- 
turally 5 Bttt fiall ever be out-done by Them : However, by Thefe 
Rules, they (hall have fuch Advantages as above-laid 5 and fo 
much for their Certain Affiftance, that they (ball fcarce ever do 
111 ; although not fb Eminently well, as others. 

I will now break off This T)ifcourfi, and (et you another Sett 
of Leffons ; and in F-fa-ut-Key : The firft is a Tralude. 



Chap. XXVII. 



The id. Sett of Leffons, in Ffa-ut-Key, being a Tralude, 

a_r_ r rjij s^s <f hs <f ^ 



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140 The Qyil Van ; or. 




Tkc 2d. Lefon of the id. Sett, being xn Allmaine. 

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1 he Lute made Ea/ie. 



141 



The i\th- being an Ay re. 



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142- 



The Qyil Tan ; or, 



ne 6th. Lefon of the 7d. Sett, being a. Tattle de Moy. 



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obfcrvatjons, Obfervc the Trxlude of This lafi Sett^^nd you'l find the Fngue 
SetTof Lcf.^ apparent, in the 3 ifl. Odd Notes, and the Barr following 5, and is 



ions. 



V I 5 — -^ J — ■* / — ^ 

maintain'd quite through, 5 yet Tleafantlj, and Varieujly. 

And if you Note the Form, you'l find It Vniform, according 
to what I have before told you. 

The Fumour mufl: be found out, by Playing Soft, and LoHd,i^nd 
making your Tavfes, &c. 

The 7d. Leffon, has alfo FugneyTerfeS Form,and Eumour.j^s you 
cannot butealily perceive, and find out. 

The ^d. has all in It, viz. Fugtie, Form^ and FJumottr'^ yet the 
Fugue, is not (b eafily perceiv'd from the beginning, as in the 
former Leffons. But the Form is Perfed, viz. Even Number oj 
Barrs, in both Strains. The Fumotir Eafie, 

The ^th. has AU very TerfeU, and fo vifible, that J need only 
defire you, to Play It Neatly j for 'tis a Tritty Knacky 

The ')th. begins not with a Vijihle Fugue, but has (everal Allu- 
sions, and References, one thing to another, as you will perceive 
'eafily in the Playing of It. 

Each 



The Lute made Eafie, 



143 



Each StrainhVnJforKt^andeventoJtfelf, though not a jPeW«^ 
Even Form^ one to the other 5 as one Strain having 1 8 Barrs^ and 
the other 20 . You cannot mils of Jts Eumotir. 

The 6th. is apparent in Its Fugue 5 Its form as the lajl 5 Its Bttr 
motir Famliar^ 'Fleafa77t^ and Innocent. 

Your Great Benefit will be, by well Noting, and Studying, upon -ri t, i: r 
Theje T^ifcourfes, and Lcffens, as you Play Them 5 and be very Jne!uk of 
Curiam in That Tcrformance, Playing Them all Smooth, and Clean ^efibns, well 
without ShMering the leaft Letter : By which means one J«/f PraSd*"'^ 
of Lepns^Vhfd, and Underftood i?/^^^, 4»^/ JVell, will Enable ' - 

you to play Twenty, cjuickly. 

I will now proceed, and fct you another Sett in A-re-Key ; 
Therefore you muft firlt know, how to "Pafs IJandfimly from This 
laji F-fa-ut-Key, unto It ■-, for which end, I have likewife fet you 
Haifa 1)oz^en of Interludes, Here following. 



Chap. XXVIII. 

Interludes from F-fa-ut, to A-re-Key. 






OL 



\a_ 

a) a 



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d. J 



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144 



ICbe Qyil Van ; or. 



.h_dF_h„J_h^_JLC. 



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The JLiite made Eafte. 145 


p 

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'Thefi Six Interludes, do all partake o^ t\iQ~Foregoing Rules, 
viz. Fugue, Form, ind Humour '■) as you may fee plainly , but 
you muft Examine Them Well, and you will Loofe no Labour 
in fo doing. 

I will now (et the Trslude to this ^d. Sett-j as you (hall lee 
fpllowing in the next y^^e. 



u 



CHAP. 



1^6 



The Qiyil Tart ; or. 



Chap. XXIX. 

Tie ^d. Sett of Lepns z» A-re-Key 3 Trxtude i. 



a a I a a I a 

a- a- f <^ ^ CL (b l a- 
a- r f>' r\ a r a r ta* 
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This is a f/oy7/7j, or a c^/>cr* Ccme-cf at the /W of a Le£on ; 
which may be Imitated upon the like occafion, at any time. 

The 



The I^ute made E a fie. 



147 



The Tralude you {ec, has Matter, Form, and //««?(?«rin It. ^ ]Y*^«^"Sofr, 
And ever when you meet with fuch Seeming-Singk-Moving- hmofinlcll 
TValJ^wg Things j and find Jffimty between Tarts and Tarts, ot ^^y- 
Barrs and Barrs, (as in This you may) then Soft, and Loud 
Tlay\%^Q MoWHeceffary, for toF«;K?^«r It withall^ The -which 
I would have you to obfenve in All fuch L efons 5 which Thing alone 
will much Conduce to the Improvement of your Fancy, and 
judgment. 

Many 'Drudge, and take much Tains to Play their Leffons ve- Many Erudgc 
ry Terfe&ly, ( as they call It ( that is, Fajl ) which when they Ha?/to?i'tf 
can do, you will perceive Little Life, or Sprit in Them, «?ecr/j/ purpofe. '" ^ 
for want of the ICnowledgeofThk lajiThing,' I now mention, vi^. 
They do not labour to find out the hJumour, Life, or Sprit oi 
their L.ejfons : Therefore I am more Earneft about It, than ma- 
ny ( It may be ) think Needful : But Experience will confirm 
what I fay. 



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The Qyil Van ; or. 



This AUmuine has the htgw maintained quite through. 

The Form is Vniform^ and TerfeCf--) both Strains being of an 
Equal Number. 

Its Htmonr I will leave to your Finding outj becaule I will 
Exercifeyonr JnduBry , and ib proceed to the next. 

The ^d. Lejjfon in the ^d. Sett being a. Coranto. 

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This <fi?r4;?^(?, is not without Its Ftigne, Form, and Bmojtr. 

The Fugue, is not fo Apparent, as moft of the ftfr«?er j yet if 
you feek for It, you will eafily perceive It:, which I do forbear 
to tell you ^ becaufe now it is Time, that you look after It yew 
felf:, which will be the Greater Improvement unto yon. 



As 



The Lute made Eafie, 



H9 



As to the Forpty you may obferve an Uniformity in each Strain 
to It felfj yet both Strains are not Equal. 

The iji. Strain, has 3 Times Four Barrs'-^ which fpeak, ( as it 
were) ^ feveral Sentences, (Equally. ) 

The 3^. Strain likevoife [peaks 3 Sentences, 6iz.. the 2 firft, are 
4 Barrsa piece : But the lafl: concludes the fame Number of Them 
both, viz. 8 Barrs j the which Uniforms the whole Strain. 

Now the Fhmom; I have aflifted you withall, in writing Lo: 
and So: viz,. Loud and Soft 5 which is enough for This L effon. 

Here is another, which I would have you Play, in a very Sober, 
znd Grave 'Proportion ^ for It has a moft Sittgiilar Fumoiir, in the 
way 6f Expofidating Grief, and Sorrow, as much as pojfibly a 
Lefon can do 5 Therefore I call It the Tenitent. 

The \th. Lejfon of the '2,d. Sett, being a Galliard-fliape--) yet for Its fwgular^ and 
mofl Eminent Humour^ I call It the Penitent. 

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• I (hall not need to (ay more of this Lef?on, than that It is Ar- 
tificial, with Fugue, Form, and of a very Singular F^umour : 
Therfore Labour to find It out, and then you will be well pie a fed 
with It. 

Now 



I^O 



The Civil Vart ; or, 



Now comes a Lefoft^ which has neither Fttgue^ nor very Good 
Forme^ yet a Unmour^ although none of the Bejl^ which I call 



Ha't-Nab. 



The ph.LeJfon of the ^d. Sett^ called Hab-Nak 



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' This Lafi LeJJon^ ( quite 'Differing from all the whole Nnm- 
' /(cr going before ) Ihavefet you here on 'Purpofe ; becaufe by 
' It, you may the more Tlainly perceive , what is meant by 
' Fugue : Therefore view every Barr in It, and you will find 
' not any one Barr like another, nor any Affinity in the leaft 
' kind betwixt Strain^ and Strain , yet the Ayre fkafeth fame 
' fort of Teople well enough : But for my own 'F'art^ I never was 
■ ' pleafid with It •■■, yet becaufe fbme liked It, I retained It. Nor 
' can I tell, how It came topafs, that I thus made It, only Ive- 
' ry well remember, the Time, Majtner, and Qccafion of Its 'Bro- 
* duUion •-, ( which was on a (udden ) without the leaft Trxme- 
' ditation^ or Study, and meerly Accidentally-) and as we ule to 

AScoryofthe ' fay, Ex tempore, in the Tuning of a Lute. 

ScSof * And the Occafion, I conceive, might poffibly contribute 

Hab Nab's ' fomething towards It, which was This. 
ProAuftion. 

1 bad 



The Lute made Eafie. 



I-)! 



The Reafon of 

that Name, 
Hab-Nab. 



- ' Ihad^ at that very Jtjfloitt, ( when I made It ) an Agitation 

* in hand Q viz. The Stringing up, and Tuning of a Lnte^ for it 
'• 'Perfin of an Vvuniform^ and Inharmotiical iJifpopion^ ( asto 
' Mu^ck^:,) yet in J^er felfwell Troportiond, Comely ., and Hand- 
' finie enough • and Ingenious for other Things , httt to Mujic^very 
' Vnapt •-, and Learned It, only to pleafi Her Friends, who had a 
' great 'Defi're flje pould he brought to It, if pojfible ; but never could, 

* to the leafi Good ptirpofe •■, fo that at the laji zve both grew weary j 
'• ( For there is no ftriving againft fuch a Stream. ) 

I fay, This Occafion, poflibly might be the Caufe of this {bin- 
artificial a Tiece, in regard that That Terfbn, at that Time,was the 
Chief Obje^ of my Mind, andThoughts. I call It Inartificial '-^ be- 
caufe the Chief Obfervation, ( as to good Terformance J is wholly 
wanting : Tet It is True Mufick^ and has fuch a Form, and Hu- 
mour, as may pafs, and give Content to Many '■) Tet I fj} all never ad- 
vife any to m /ike Things Thus by Hab-Nab, withoitt anyT)efign, as 
was This :' And therefore I give It That Name. 

There are Abundance of fuch Things to be met with, an4 
flom the Hands offime, who fain would pals for Good Compo- 
fers'-) yet moft of them may be Trac'd^ and upon Eoiamination, 
their Things found, only to be Snaps, and Catches ; which they 
(having been long Converfant in Mufick^, and can command 
an Injirnment, (through great , and long Tra&ice^ Come of 
TI>em very well) have taken here and there ( Hab-Nab ) from 
feveral Ayres-, and Things oj other MeniWer\s ^ ajnd put them 
Handfomly together^ which then pafs for thsvc Own Compofi- 
tions. 

Yet I fay, it is no Affront, Offence, or Injury to any Majier, 
for another to take His Fugue, or Toint to work upon 5 nor i)if- 
honmr for any Artifi fo to do, provided He ftiew by His Workc 
manffjip, a T)i§erent 'Difcourfe, Form, or Humour : But it is rather 
& Credit, and a Repute for him Co to do 5 for by His Works He 
/^rf/^^e ^»(?iv;«; It being obfervable. , 

That Great Majicr-Compofers may all along be as well known 
by Their Cotnpojitions'-, ( or Their Own Compofftions known to be 
of Them ) as the Great, and Learned Writers may be known by 
Their Stiles, and Worlds j which is very Common, and Vfual to 
be Co 'Diflinguiffi'd, by Thofe of Judgment, and Experience, in fuch 
matters. v, 

' Thefc laji Ages have produc'd very many Ahle,an6 mofl: Fx- 
' cellent Mafiers in Mufickj} Three only(of'Sphich)Iwill Injlance in, 
' in This Particular s becaufe they were (b Voluminous, and very 

* Eminent in Their Works, viz. Mr. WiUiam Lawes, Mr. John Jen- 
' kifis, and Mr. Chriflopher Simpfon. 

' Thefe Three Famous Me»,al though Two of Them be laid afleep, 

* (or as we C2iy,T)ead-^) yet by Their mofl Singular and Rare Work/t 

* They Live 5 and may Co eafily be ^iSlinguifhed, the one from the 
' other, and as ExaUly known, which is which^ aS if they were prejent 
^ inperfon, andffjonldfpeak^Words. 



No Cffcnc* 
for one Mafter 
to take ano- 
ther's Fugue. 

But rather a 
Credit. 



Mr. wiUUm 
Laiv(s, Mr. 
Jdhn jtni^ns, 
and Mr. Cbri- 
fttfher SimffoH 
/Juored for 
their Eminent 
Works. 



This 



1^2, 



The Chil Tart ; or, 



A Compari- 
fon betwixt 
Mufick, and 
Language 



* This is known ( to Obfirvable-Jble-Mafiers, and many Others^, 
*who2LYeConverJaf7tinfuchObJerD^trof!s^ to be very True. 
' ' I fpeak thus much for This End^ and Turpefe, That it may be 
' more Generally Noted, That there is in Mnfic\, even'juch a Sig- 
' mjicatiojz to the Tntelligible, and ZJnderJtanding Facultj of Man ^ 
' and luch a wonder ful-varicus-vpay ofExpreJJion, ewn as is inLan- 
'■ gnage, Vnbounded ^ and Vnliwited':, and we may zs properlvy 
' and as Jptly take a SubJeS Matter to Tlifcotirfe upon, ( for (b I 
' will term It ) and as Significantly Fxprefs to Thatfawe, or fuch a. 
' Tm-pofe'-, and (how as much JVit, and Variety, as can the i?f i? 
^Orator, in the way of Oratory : And I would, that this were 
'' Better knoven^-SXid. nf ore put into 'PraSice, than (by many) 
*ftis. 



The 6th. Zejon of the ^d- Sett 



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Here is ia Ze//tf« will make a mends for thelaft, if you Play It 
Sloro, make your ^^ijw/e/, and obferve the/;»«i;tfKy of It, which 
is very Eafie, and familiar ; lb that I need Oiy no more, but take 
care to perform It. 



Thi 



The Lute made Eajie. 



155 



7th 



The yth. Le^on of the ^d. Sett. 

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This Ends the 9^/. J'eW, being a Tattle de Moy. 
Find out the Uumoiir your felf, by Soft^ and LeudTUy^ in 
j Troper Tlaces ; as you may moft apparently perceive where. 
I Here follows Interludes^ to carry you Handfbmly ofFfroni A-re- 
I Key., to the next Sett in T)-jbl-re , which if you Imitate, you may 
do the like your leJf5 and lb be able to pafi from one Key to ano- 
ther, in a Voluntary way ^ which is the moll: Cornraendable way 
of ufing any Inurnment. 



CHAP. 






a^a_a r a a 

II 

a a 



154 



The Qyil Tart ; or. 



Chap. XXX.. 

Examples of InUrUidtt, to pafs from A'te-Key^ toD-CoUe-Kcy. 

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Any of thcfe laft fnterludes^ will feem, (if nahdromly piay'd)¥s 
a little Volunto-ry^ox Extempory Bulncfs--) in which (after you have 
Wd y-o4j-ielf.u^to^.^'QU. wiHt^ke as muc IJelight^ as inJe/J 



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T^e Chil Tart ; xDr, 



Chap. XXXI. 

Uen begins tke/^th. Seftm D-(bI-re-Keyo 
The ifi. is £ Traludiuoi. 



iji 



Prjelude. 






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And Here follows Examples of J»/er/«^e/,topa(sfrom 1)-fol-re, 
to Gam-Ht. 



CHAP. 



The LHtemade Eafie, 



J 5 i^.^f> f 



Chap. XXXII. 

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Ueve ^oWows the '^th. Sett. The FivRhe'mg a Trakde. 
But rai(e your AW^J'ifr/;;^ half a Note higher. 

CHAP. 



Prelude. 



The Lute made Eafie. 



Chap. XXXIII. 

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Here ends the ^th. Sett. 



CHAP* 



V? 



The Lute made Eafte. 



i6f 



Chap.. XXXIV. 

Here begins the Jnterludes to the 6th. Sep^ which (hall be irl 
E-U-mi Key^ to ihow the way from Ga.m-nt-¥ey^ to It, 

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The Je/^ follows, the firft being a Trdude. 



CHAP. 





The Lute made Eafie. 


i6^ 


Ifi 


Chap. XXXV. 

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The Cml Tan ; or^ 



Allmaine. 

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The Lute made Eaflk 173 



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The End of the 5>5. Seth 



And now ftiall follow a Sett in B-mi-Key-, Natural 5 which I 
never yet fee fet upon the Lute. It being a Key, ( as foitie fiiy ) 
very Vnapt^ arid Improper to Compofe any thing in : Yet becaufe 
you ftiall iee the ^r^iz^erjK, both of the TNjiniment\ as alfo of 
This Flat Tjfm»X:, I will (et down a Sett of Lefom in It 5 as I have 
done in the reft of the Keyj : Arid firft Vjber' you into It with 
foriie iKterludeSf here following. 



Chap. XXXVI. 

]flere begins the Jnterludei to the jth. Sett, in B-mi-Key» 



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To Crackle fuch 5 Tart-Stops, (as abovefaid) is oilly to divide 
each Stop.w'ith yourr^««?4and 2 Fz>?^erj-?,ro as not to/^^?^ 77«?e^But 
give each Crochet Its ^«e Qiuintity 5 And to add Trittimfs t, CauCe 
Them to So^b.by SUckjrigyour Stopping Hand, Co Coon as They are 
♦5>r»<?4^ yet not to unjiop Them^hnt only Co much as may T)ead the 
Scnnd on a fudden. This gives Great Pleafiire in fuch Cafts. 

1'une up the 9/^. String Haifa Note to all This Sett 5 and alfb 
10 the Interludes. 

And put down the i ith. Half a Note. 

Here Ends the Interludes. The Sett follows in B-mi- Key> 






175 



The Cml Tart ; or. 



Preclude. 



Chap. XXXVII. 



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r e. 


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r • r ■■ r ■ r r • r •• r 




1 




g 


1 r 





?a 



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a 1 11 


r •• r »/? ^1 r II 


r •• I r r r 11 


r • 1 • r II 


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The Lute made Eafte, 


177 


i 
i 


Allniaine. 


• J /-/J /-J^ 


i 


■ \ r r r T^yr \ r ^a a I 


la r 


\ r ■ ■ r ■• 1 "• • •• r • r ^ &\r 


*(? 6^ D 


i- 


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ft a 1 1 w 


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a •• '3 r -7) a a i n la 
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The Qhil Van ; or. 



llmaine. 



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J J^-ZJ' 






r 






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The Lute made Eafle. 



I7P 



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^ J 



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f. 



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The Chil Tart ; or, 



Ringing, or Bell-Galliard. 
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a ^a-^a. a so.- 



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5 



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iSi 



Tattle de Moy. 

J J J J J J 



J J d-clJ 



d J 



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d 



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ri 



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<«^a 



I have now made anertd of Thcfe Seven Suits of I epns^^^\i\c\\. 
I promised you, viz. In every Key upon the Scale (Natural ) 
a Suit^ with Tr^ludes^ . and hiterlndes--, by which it may appear, 
how Eafily^ and very Familiarly^ This Timing affords convenien- 
cy for Sub^antial Matter^ in every Key j the which you will 
not find done upon That Oiber^ call'd the New Tuning : Nor 
( indeed ) is It capable of that Familiarity., Eafe^ and FttUnefs^ fb 
to do, ^s This Flat Tuning is. However, I love It very well ^ 
and will like wile let you ( here following) zSuit of Lejjons in 
That Tuning 5 becaufe, I fuppole, you may love to be in Fajlnon: 
Therefore firft (ce xhtTming Sett, in this Z'nder-Line. 



TJnifons. 
a 


Eights. 


'^ a 


II 


■f a 


11 a 


<b a r a 


11 r a 


'da r a 


II 1 r a 


J-- 1 ; 


d a 11 a. d a 



a^a^a^a 4 5 



a'^a^a^a 4 5 



GHAP. 



iSz 



The Qml 'Part ; or. 



Chap. XXXVIII. 

flfre fiUorps a Sett of Leffovs in the New Tunivg, 



1/ 



Prdude. 






/'/X 



a a 

• a 




• a 


a 


a 


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la-.L_ 



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ri^ / 



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1 


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II 



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^a ■■ • a ' \ • - • ?r • I • > r 
a I a I :_ 



ia 



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5 



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t4 



gy^r fa a syib r r r r r g; g. r a 



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The (ml ''Part ; or. 



I^O! anto. 



2-n / 



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The Ltite made Eafie, 



iS^ 



Serabatid. 



.h iJi'-i^^^- 



k k k k Qj r o. f* 
gag ~\ 



J.J>J JJ'.j^&c.J /./^c. 



g (L>r g 



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1 III 




r' 7) ? r g 1 g 1 a \ 


^if? a^ ■~^\t> \ g II 


. - -.-..^^.-^a 





Tattle ^e .^oy. , 

l^'ntl'Ul J. /J Sec:' : j.jj j./je^c. 



k 



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r'i ■ • J r ,"._, g -H T" 



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J- / ite '-, . . (^;J:^ J'. -)A;ir^ J d-d 



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n- ■ -:.:^r.ii '^1 g ii,_„ 






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lO-» jj 





ii^re ^W^s^y /^f Sett. 
B b 



I have 



:H6 The Qyil Tart ; or. 



I have now Finijlfd^ and Furmfi'dyou, with 8 Suits of ZefoKSi 
with "Prelude T, Jnterltidesi and florifies, befides all the Former 
Rudiment al-Jnitiations--) from which alone, you may attain to 
an FxaH Order for the Befl way of Lute-Tlaji ; if you carefully 
ohCerve Thofe'Dire&iom given. 

You have here likewife, (een both the laiiNewTumngs'^which 
(of divers others, now forfaken ) are chiefly thought fit to 
be Retained^ ( Generally ) both in England, France, Germany, 
Italy, &c. But of Thefe 1 laji Tunings, I do Prefer That Firji, 
which goes under the Name of the Flat Tuning, and Judge It to 
be the very-very-BeJi of Thofc, call'd the French Tunings , which 
I (hall Endeavour to make Manifefi, after I have firft (hewed you, 
how to Tranjlate LeJJons, from the One Tuning, to the Other , 
as by This following Table, you may moft eafilydo. 



Chap. XXXIX. 

'The Firji Table of Tranjlation. 
The Fldtt Tuning- 



Lll_i_J_Q_LJ— L 



a^XZMi-^-iS-h-J-k. 



S2X-3-M^-^-h-^-J^-^ 



a e sr_is (l. s_a h y k^. 

g e r Is (L\f S h y~k &c. 



The Nevo Tuning. 



I I I I I I I I I 



r/a e^ d^ c^ h y k f hl^* 



lfi_«£_rLI?L2i-i.^h-X-k_&£: 



a"g' r ^ gy. J,^h_L-k-!^ 




77/ .. X>^^ 7^^/e of Letters, Cot^prehends all 

^^ ^H the Strings, and Letters upon \Ei2f/& Ta- 
ll «^«5 5 '^y which any Perfbn, ( who can 
-jl but JVrite, and f^e^c? J may Readily 
.__, -- Tranflate any Lejfon, from the One Tu- 

;1 I I ) II ' ,' ' after This manner. As For Example. 

'j^^eTP. Fz>/?,(laying your 7^^/e before you) 

— H Ti^^. 

" ^ What Letter fbevcr you fee upon 

"T^ T^ !; ;\ \ II Tuch a String, in the one Tuning, ;y on 

^U ._ muft (et down ( for your Tranflation ) 




ra^'S- 



a- '^a ^a ^a -4 5 the fame Letter, which you find in your 
n'able, anfwering to That Letter on the Others viz; Mote Plain- 
y, Thuf. 
I find an a, upon the Treble String of the New Tuning, in a 

Lefon,' 



The Lute made Eafie, 



\ 



LeJJbn, xdhich I would Tranjlate te the Flat Tuning •-, I muft then 
(et down analikewife, upon the fame Strings tor my Travfla.- 
tion\, hecmfe That Letter a is in anfwer ( to It ) in my Table. 
So likewile of all the Reft, upon the Trelle, 2d. •)th. and 6tL 
Strings. Ail the 'Difference vvill be only in tlie ^d. and a^ih. 
Strings, excepting Ibme little Matter in the l-'i^jJii/^w/. 

Further yet, fuppofing you find the Letters', upon the Aen? 
Titning^on the 7,d. Strings then for your Tranjlation^^^^. down an a. 
upon the 3 i .5>rz»g:,and fb forwards,as you lee fet on that String. 
Then again, you find the Letter r^y upon the 4^)6. J'/r/;7;g,in the 
A^en? 7»»z/7^5 for which,you muft (et down the Letter a,for your 
Tranflation^ upon the 4/A. and (b of all the Reft in that Z/»e, or 
String, 

Now, whereas the T)iapafons do differ, ( (bme of Them in 
L^alf Notes, Hatter, ox Sharper, theO«^, fiom theO/^er J there 
is no way to Reconcile Them, but either to Tune Them up, or Hote,. i-iow to 
down, the One, to the Other, (as is very ufual , \nax\y Tuning, ^^£^'a|!:.^"^^ 
to alter a ^^y}, flatter, oi' Sharper, upon qccallon ) oreUerakc theDi-piions. 
Jkch a Letter, as you m.iy fee in jiour Table^ which anfwers to 
(uch Bafes. As for Example. 

The Ninth String, in the New Tuning, being Sharp,diX\A the fame 
String, in the Other Tuning, beingF/^^, you muft (if you will not 
Sharpen your Bafs ) fet down for It, the Letter r,upon the Lifth 
String; and (b of all the Reft. 

This Ithink fiifficient, for your DireUions, towards theGe- 
neral Tranjlatingof any Lemons, in Thefe TwoTunings. 

But whereasi faid,any Perfon might do This Thing^y ThisRule--) 

yet know,That He who has Skill and Experience in the Injirnment, 

JljaHdolt more Compleatlj/jhecaxxCe there are certain Stops,m either 

Tuning, which will fall out a little Crofi for the Hand, which by the 

Skilful may be contrived more aptly, arid eafer for the Hand 5 (bme 

times by changing one Letter, for another-, as a upon the Treble, 7> o" Ldi'ons 

upon the 2d. and h upon the :i,d. are all the fame Sound--, and (0 you 

find the fame Tones various, quite through thewhole Jnfirument. 

Then again, (bmetimes by Varying, or Tranfpofmg the L^arts 

of feveral Full Stops ; all which confifts (moft commonly) diVni- 

fons, ^d's, "Sth's, and Sth's 5 fo that if the Tarts chance to lie 

( m one Tuning ) ^d's, ph's, and Sth's, from the Fafs 5 It may 

be, they will fall out to lye Better, iri the other Tuning , viz. 

^th's,^d's,and Sth's 5 or Sth's,^th's,and :^d's from the Bafs 5 which 

is°no Difference in the main, and may very well, at any timej 

be fo Tranjpos'd, in moft FuU Stops. 

So that I fay, although the Injudicious may (by This Rule ) 
Tranflate a Lefon, Well, and Truly 5 yet the Experiencd, and 
Skillfull, (hall do It more Compleatly. 

And to make This T articular Bufinefs yet more Tlain, 
and SatisfaBory, take here a V^iew of a i5'/»(7r* Lefjon, which I 
have Tranjlated from the Aea', to the Flat Tuning 5 after whichj 
I will give you another Exemplary Table, to Tranflate from the 
Theorbos, to TT'/'ye TunrHgs, or from 7^e/e, to the Theorbos. 

B b 2 ■ Tz&^j' 



A Caution " 
worth Ndcing, 
in Tranflating 



:^8 



The Qml Van ; or, 



Tlbif is the L efon of the New Tuning:^ to 'he Trdnjlated.- ' ''' '-| t^ 



Q^ <b <b 




0. Qj r 




J ^ 
a a a 


a 








a a 




r 




a a 






'31 


Ti "a r a -_ 


a a 








a a 








7> /P 


a a 








a a 








a 




a 




a 
















<b 








a 




l<p 



0a 



J / 



a a 



a 



a 



I 



3 5)_<PIj& I a_a_a 

r \a a 



./PJ If ^?). 



_aL 



r_ r. 



?L 



a^l 



17^ ?) 



?) 



± 



a 



^ 



^' 



■^a 



■^a 



/•/ J 



^a 



a 



J / 



J s 



I ) il I _ I I 

1 1 _ll?) ?)^d ;SI ?) ?) "5 '6 I <^ 6^ /r^ 6" J „<?_ 

-J,— ^— ^ I a~a"aT a ii (b (b __:("cr_ fr' r " i 



<? a 



~7> r r^ V1^ I ?> "II 'D ?) ?> ir 



"d \a a a I 



a 



\a a < \ 



If) 



/a 



-a-^a 



J J' 



J/ 



J 



d- J/ 



J r 



J/ 



a gg a 



j_ 



I 



1 I r r r r I7>?i 



I •' a a r ) 



g g g <?• I ?> ?> 7) 6^~gT 



tt g 



\a a 



\a 



e 



Lr_f_ri r 
:LfLr_r_i r 



•3^ 
J_rr 



!g g 



I g g 



ra. 



Lg 



/^ 



'^a. 



a 



^a 



a 



J J'-/ z-;^ J 



___g ^gig a gi_g_ii 

^^ 0.J |g g g l_g_n: 

i.iL_g_g Lg_u_ 

g I g g g I g 11 

~ 1 ~ I If 



e/ e. 



a 



ia 



'^a 



It will be very well worth yoxxxExai^ Noting, the whole Order 
or Thk Tranjlated Lejfon in both the Tunings 5 and what2)z^- 
yf^ce there will be found as to their Performance in the whole : 
And withall Take Notice, That I have chofen This Lefon in ^- 
la-mi-Key^, which is the very (and only) Glory oi That whole 
Tuning, as may he feen by theFirft, and Laft Stops o^ the LeJJm, 
which give the FnUnefsofBarmony, (viz. 9<^V, 5?y5j, and 8//i'/J 
all upon 0;7e» Strings, v^\\\ch in the Tranjlation you fee is a FuUStop, 
yet eafie enough ; And by Thus doing, you may fee how very 
Fairly I have dealt by Thofe who oppofe the Flat Tuning , &c. 
whereas, e contra^ If I had taken a Ze/?tf» from the Flat Tuning, 
( in almoft any other Key ) and made luch a hke Tranjlation, ( as' 
now by the Rule of Tranjlation any yey/tf« may do, and which I 
fhall Advile unto ) you would have feen a Vaii 'Difference. 



The Lute made Eafie* 



This the Tranjlation. 



185? 




a^^cL I _^rj r 



J 

J J^ 



r ia„a_a a 

/ a a a 
I 



^a ^a 



<>^a 



J i" 



J. J / 



g 



a 



ixLim 



ai r r r g 



I 



ir r 



T I r r r 



i r- r 



r I a a a 1 a la a 






i?> ^ 

"i g. 



<p 






(. 



J s 






a 



J /-J^ /.J^ J 



J' 



<x_ g g,^g 

?) '7^ \a_a_a. 



r\ 



a 



a 



a 



ig_g_ 
j'B 



I '« _d_ 

I r 



g Lg ci_a l_g_ 
r 



a 



ir_r_r 

i g g g l__g_iL 
u 



I 



a 



^g 



^g 



la th's Tranflated I ejfon, you tray fee, how that in the very 
firft Full Stop^ the Concords are Tranfpos'd 5 that is, they lye not 
in the felf-farae Order in one Timings as they lye in the other , 

I yet both abfblutely bear the faKte Sence^ as to JUoroance in Com- 
pofitien '■) and alfb will latisfie fully, in giving the fame j^jre to the 
Ear 5 which may be fufBcient to Tjittt you to the Obfervation of 
the like, in (everal (lich Places, when as the Parts cannot lie in 

! they^»/e Order J yet may do as well ( (b Tranfpos'd. ) 

I will now proceed, and (et you another Example of Tranfla- 
iion^ from the Theorboe^ to the French Lute 3 or from the French^ 
Luteto the Theorboe--^ as followeth. 



The 



i^o 



The Chit ^art ; or. 



^heorhoe. 



the ideTahle ofXranJlation^rom th eThcoxho^ to f^eLutc. 
The Firjl Note of 'the Theorboc is Gam-Ut. 



II jt 'Tuning. 



a 6^ r 'Zi (b s 



a 6' r Ti t > s 



a /p r '^ (L s 



I J I J 1 1 J I 1 

Ga'm-ut. 



^a. a 6> 



a <p r ?> (L J 



a 6' r li ij s 



_joL ( P r 7) e. .f 



^ 



^9--^ r 'iTVl. 



( i I ) I J I 1 I i I 



a_&_r ^ ^ 



"Xheorho;. 



flat Jitnim. 



whit String 
is moft pro- 
per for G/ZOT- 
;.'f,upon the 
7'heorbut. 



What upon 
the French 
Lute. 



Note wdlj^ 



^C_2lJL'_=£. 



a<5^r'?>(L.fc9 h""- 



The Theorle Bafes. 



"1 



» I f 1 1 



I I I I i I 



'^'a <^a ^a ^ $ 6 
French Lute Ba^es, 



ff /? r '7^ (?> .f r9 h y k ftc- 






fp r ^ (b s 1! 


II 


II 


.■f 11 




II 


II 




It 


(1 




u 


II 


\a 


u 



^cj ^d 4 J 



a 



Here you may Note^ That although in Thk Table^l have made 
the jth. String Gam-ut^ upon the Theorboe'-) yet you may make 
fuch another Table, and make your 6th. String Gam-ut, ( which 
indeed \s moji proper fir a Large, and Full-Sciz'd Theorboe) or 
any other String you pleafe , only take Notice, That Thele Two, 
m%. the 6if/6. and 7/A. Strings, are moft generally chofen in moft 
Theorhoe-Lntcs, for the Gam-ut String. 

So like wife know, That the '^th. String, is the moft Troper 
String for Gam-ut, upon moft Frenih Tunings, and Za^ej- of a 
'Pr/7(/ Full-Seize ^ yet I fay ( for your Pleafure ) you may 
make a Table, and fet what String you pleafe, for your Gam-nt 
Stringy there likewife. 

Thus al(b may you make Tables, for all manner of Tunings, for 
the Viols, &c. and chule what String, or Letter you pleafe for 
your Gam-ut ; yet with Thif Trovifo, That you have Refped: 
unto LeJJbns , and Tunings of Sharp, and T^/^f Kejis •-, which if 
you ncgleti, you will find your rf'or)^ very Crabbid, and Vnnatural 
in your 'Flay. That is, your TartSy and J><jf / will not lie ealie, 

and 



The Lute made Eafie. 



i^i 



and familiar for the B*Hd'-, which is the Chief, and Main Thing 
Regardable, in any Compofure vaTabUture-TUy. 

Remember alfo to have Relpcft to the Scsp of the Lefon 5 
that is, to pitch It for fuch a Key^ as you may have Liberty Jttf^ 
ficient^ for the Compafs both of the Treble^ and Bafi. 

I will now make you a Short Treatifi^ Concerning the Tfifference 
between Thefi Twa Tunings^ and then proceed to the Theorboe. 



Chap. XL. 

Concerning the T'w0 laB French Tunings, and which 
is the Bejl. 



*TpHere is a T)ifpute among Come, concerning the (ever«l 7?/- 
-*• ningt upon the Lute : But the Generality Run after the 
Nevpeii •■) which although It be ( to my knowledge ) at leafl: 40 
years old; yet It goes under the Name of the New Tuning 
ftill. 

Now, becaufe I have mThis my ?Ftfr4 preferred This Seniot 
Tunings ( which is Generally known by the Name of the FUt 
Tuning) before That Neve One --y and have z\Co cdW'dThis Ktojl 
Noble Tunings the Befi among the French Timingi : I fhall endea- 
vour to prove It fo to be, by very Good Reafon : And Thus Tie 
Argue, viz. 

' That Tuning upon any TnjirUfnent, which allows the Artijl mojl 

* Scope, Freedom, and Variety •■, with moji Eafe, and Familiarity 5 

* to Exprefs his Conceptions mojt Fully, and Compleatly ; without 

* Limitation, or Restraint '•, throughout all the Keys ••, mitji needs 
' be accounted the Befi Tuning, Now J fay, if This he granted, I 

* defire no more : And Thus J proceed. 

' Tis well known to all Majiers in This Art, That in Nature, Na- 
' turally there are but 7 Keys 'DiflinB, and 'Proper-^ by which we Ex- 
^ prefs AU Things, in Mufckj) for when we come to the Eight from 
' any one Key, we have but ( as it were ) Rounded the Circumfe- 

* rence, and come again to the fame 'Point, where we fir B began '■> ('as 
*'JhaU be Explain d in This Book^ hereafter.") This cannot be denyed 

* by any. 

' Now t fay, if This Flat Tuning will give me the Freedom', Nar 
'^turally. Familiarly, and with Eaje and Advantage, tojVork^, in 
« FnUnefs of Parts, &c. in aUThofe 7 Keys ; And That Other, (call'd 
^ the New Tuning ) will not fi Naturally, Familiarly, and with the 
' lik§ Eafe, and Advantages, allow me the lil^e Freedom, to Work^ 
*with the fame FuUnefs of Parts upon all the 7 Keys : It mufl needs' 
'- be granted. That This Flat Tuning, (fo call'd ) is the Befi Tuning, 
*^ which is the Thing If) all endeavour to prove 5 and I doubt not^ but 
^■■very Plainly to do It, to Satis fa^ion. 



A DifpucCi 
concerning 
theDiffererce 
betwixt the 
1 laft French 
Tunings, De- 
termined. 



A Sure Argu- 
ment, to 
prove which 
is the Bert 
Tuning upon 
any Inflru- 
ment, from 
the Foundati- 
tion of the 
Art. 

But 7 Keys 
Diflinft inNad 
cure. 



And 



1^1 



The Chil ^art ; or. 



An undenia- 
ble Device, 
to prove the 
Difference, 
and Beft of 
Tuning;. 



And becaufe t will for ever cut off all T^jfputes, and Jangles 
about this Matter, I will take Tuch a Courfe, that It fhall beina- 
deniably Plain to any Rational Knowing Perfbn : And this (hall 
be my way. As for Example. 

I will fet down, here following, ( upon Come MuJick,Lines ) 
all the Full Stops, confifting of g^ >. ^tl^s, and 8th' t, which can 
be performed upon every Key ( Naturally ) in both the Tntiings 5 
by which Device It will very obvioufly appear to the Eye of 
any Indifferent 'Performer, (much more to the Reafon of a Ju- 
dicious, and Shilfitl Artifi ) which of them affords ( in the whets 
Scope, and Latitude of the Jnfirument ) the moft Variety, with 
raofl: Eafe, and Advantage to the Hand--^ and moll: Fullnefr ofParfsj 
m Familiarity to each or the 7 Keys : And in Thofe Lines following 
take a view of the ^differences betwixt the one , and the other. 
Twill therefore begin with the Strings, as they lye in their Ori^er, 
from the greateji String firji, and Jo forvoards to the Treble String. 

And in your Obftrvation, I pray take notice, that although I 
fpeake of fetting down the Full Stops, confifting of '^d''s, 5////, 
and Bth's ; yet you will meet with (bme, which have notabove 
2 Treble Strings joyn'd with the Bafs, which in Come places found 
ZJnifons to Themjclves ^ However, They, and fuch like, in Lnte- 
Tlay, pafs for ^Variety, and help to Fill Jip : There are notma^- 
iiy of Thofe!^ but T could not well avoid Them, becaule of giving 
all the Variety I could, in the Breaking of the Full Stops 3 the 
which you1 Cee I have done Equally for both the Tunings. 

And alfb I defire. It be Noted, That I do not pofitiveJy 
affirm, That I have thus given All the Varieties, which can be gi- 
ven, in either Tuning j (for indeed that would have been too 
Critical a Trouble to ftarch for ) yet I dare fay, I have gone very 
near the matter; However, lam a(certain'd, that there can be 
no fuch Conjiderable Over fight in either Tuning •■, but that This 
^Draught which I have Thus'Drarvn, mnj filly fatisfie any Reafo- 
nable F'erfon, that there is a Vaji difference betwixt Thefe 2 Tunings, 
and that the Advantage lies wholly in This very ExcelkmFiat Tu- 
„in^. (focall'd.) ""-K" - •v.^V'^-.H^^ 



'^. C^o 



C-fa-ut-Key. Flat Tuning. 



aaaaaa aaacL 



acLdaaaa^aaaa. ^OLa__ 
cL-j. a aa a jOLOOLaaxm^L 






J_ 



LIN. 



^?) ?)B?)?)7)I 



aac(ad(xa (i,< ia<Lp aa .aa <b k(b<b<b .€<Lt>^ 






J L 



5 5 5 5 5 55 55 



5 5 55 5 






7>d 



i 



dJLM^CiSMLiL 



udjb ! ciaaiha. 7idaaa 



aa 



1* 



2^21 - . - - 

' 6 a: d: a; d daaoie: ad^d 









^^X^^t^'^'^^ 



^ 



.yyyyy v.'?3^ 



I 



7) 



"^12_MT~T 



f£f^ ^_7?.f .f .f J^ I ^i/P^i I l<Pl/Pig/^ I J \ 



y y I y.y -y.> I y yy^ 



-i I I 



'<i 3^5^^5 5 55 '^3'^'^ 
5 5 



5 5 55 5 5 5 '^'^^55 5 5 5 55 5 5 



The Lute made Eafie. 15^5 



In all of This C-fo-ut-Key no, 

k aa a j ...■ , ■ 

y h aa\a 7> ^;^g- 









5 5 55 5'3'a^55'S5'^ 

C-fa^ut-Key, AW mhy. In all Here but 38. 
Miiaa_sssssss ss a . k k _ k a a.f j cF J f j^ 



a2^aaaa3:sa2333^aajj:(2i33?)Xy y V Iftaaaaaacr 



-^^£'f-££_^Ji_JL_iCJ'_^$.l<PJJ^"^i^ yyy ^s <iS ss 



^ <?■' '^<Tc I 1^1 J jj_j2?ry yyy:S^?^'^~~~~"^T" 



€'6'ef?e6'f? f? I ^<p~i~^7~j J- J- 



"D-fol-re-Key^ Flat Tuning. In All of This i\6. 



44 44 44414 44 44 4 444 440?^"^^^ 4^^-^'Jvf 
T)-fol-rc-Key^ Kew Timing, In AU Here but 2 ^> 

rrtr ,^j r hh hhhh_ 

3"33^33?)33__333^c??5' ( ^'?>"33 



r^f:f:rrr h h h k k_h h h li 

rrrr rrrrrrr rrrrs 1 .f j'.f .f .fTf .f .ff ssssssj^_jTZs's~:f 





rrrrarrrrrr hhh 


il h kfh 


i 1 


1 M<P 6^(9^/?^ (^ 1 


1 1 V 


'<) 


i 7^'7)?)3d J 


1 ( f 



444444 4 4444 4 44 4 

E-ta-^i-key., VUi'Tunihg. In All Here 10:3. 
3^ ?>?^ f^ ?) ?)?)?^aaa aaa a g?)?^?) | ?) lsa.a.a.ii_a_a. 



r) rr r f r 1 r r rr- r., r r r r r r r 



gg I I a.QL a. a 1 a i aa g g i a |g_a g|a a .aa_a_ g a a a 

. 1 - g g L g / a . \ a. a a^ 



k k.k_k_k_k_k.kj<_k k.k_k.k_k_k. 



I :_ : ^h h.h fi h h hhh aia'g h h h gaga h„h_h_h_ 



J h h h h h h h h. h h h h h'^h I h hh hh h h h h h 



r rrr 1 hh • h ^ hh hjLh hji_h h h h hh hl I i I i hhhh h h 

3 7) ?>3?i ) h h h h da h h_ I g _ g aj l_aa I a a a a 

a g.f f )\f SJZJ^ £J J s I i_ s. \J ~~ i d 



^Qisf^gi^a9^aiifa:^a.^a.^d^<^ ^<^ ^a^g i^a.^a.^ai ^cLi^GL^aifOiifa. 



k k_Tc k k k k_k k k aaaaa aa a a a aa a a 

hjg gJihTi iija'aggg aauaaaan., a_a_ aaa] a_a._. 

fOh hh'h j " h h h"'i h h''' i h h h h h h h h ib iL<b\ Q^ ij j 



I h ■ h hh I h jThhh h_h h h_h_h_h. 

gg~gvr"h''i f] I .hh"| I h'ggi 1 hhagjl 



, a rr^] I n i. " ,. ., r .. _ 

PaPoTiUi k . . h h ii \\ h h h J) h h hhh^g^a^a^ct ^a#a 



?«r« over for the JSIerp Tuning. 

C c / L'ht-r/ih 



-^ 



194 



The Chil Van ; or, 



E-U-mi-Key^ MerpTumng. In All Here but lOO. 

nnn n a a. a d<L(b0'9, 0, ^ <b (Lkkkk k k k kkkkk 
^^r.Vy ri -TTnTTaa a a d aaaaa a a\a aaaaa a a a aaaaa 

a a a a\ a rr~5~aT~f t a \a a\ a\ a_g.-(i aa. 

aag] aaaal I a aaaar A la aaoa I « a\ I a- 



I a 



a 



I 



_a. 



J 



a 






52 



-^* ^ r (L(Lga ad g g la tt^a (J^t/ (LaiL«. 



gg i_k I. 

/'ggacLI_l 



<)j^aa a a 

a a aal iaaaa oa\ 



k_k_k 



a, a 
a 



a 

\'a] 



I 



g 



T 



ggg g a 



I 



I 



hh 



a^Oif'U^a.^a. ^a^^a^a^a-^a ^a^a^a ^o^as'a. ^aa^^a. ^a. 



aaa.a.a_a_ 



aaa 



aa aaaa. aaa .._... 

na^cicicici- 1 g aaaggga gggg a a aaaa 



TlT'lTs'lfS s_] ssssss ss^saaa _a daa aaa 

( LTOj (LP-grg/' g^ I" Qjaa aaa a<L<bQj Qj Qj(biL<l(b(b(b 
It d cc -c ggaLi 1 g _.ga_gg'a _d_^lidd7) daa_ 



,f a. 



^ai^ai^ai^ai^ai^as 



nff f.ffs .f/.f ,f J I 



as^a i^a^a^a 



jjsjA. 



^g 



T-fd-ut-Kcy^ llatTn.nh7g. InAUojThis'^X. 



'f? f? r?p~P 



JS_S__S 



s s s seee _ 



a _a_aaaaa_ct___ 

'a_ 2_ gg g a a 

"7? I /P/P/9 f? (? (? ■'f _g_j£ 



CI 



^._<^ 



ggg ss a\a s s a a s a_ 
——— ' |g~g~^'^ ?> ^1 

~i I I I I r 



^ ? > ^ '"a ^. J 



^'a^a'^'a Ta^''a<^a''/d^d.'i^a'^a'('a'^a'^a.<f'd'^a<^a^a<^a^a^a.^(X^a^a. 



rrr_r.^f^f^^^^ 



f efee_e. 



.ss 



"^ff.?Z(?_y-y--y-y 



aa:'_a 

act g_ . 



yyiyyy_y_y y_y_y_y_ 

k'k W_kkkrkka a k J J J S S S 

y yy_yLi y y g g g ?> a a 



I 1 



TV I 



I 



I 



I I 



I I I I 



± 



^auL^^^MydJa7d<^a<^a ^a^a^a<^a-!i^a<!^a^a<^a^a^a 



f-fi tit-Key^ New Tuning. In AU Here but i '^. 






ssss . 
~ssssss_ 






'^jJL3a<^^^^j^^JL. 



Gam- ut-Kej^ Flat Tuning. In All of This ' I . 



nana.a a a. 
rriLll 



(b<L<bp (L <b (bhh :■'. h h 

•• -^ a -a ( ) a^a ^a a 1 ^ b '^i h fFfTF 
"~=~" ^ - r r r 1 r r r Fhh 



r_r__jijrrc 

_r r r r rr r r 1 r 1 r n .f f 



T~'^^a I 



I 



?)7> ?>7>?)7)l I I 



■a ?) 



I 



I 



yy 



Ph~E 



Jihhji 



'g 



^a^d^a^a^a^a^'a^a ^O'^a 



y y I y 



E& 



'a-^g''g'"g '^a-^a^a-^a-^a^a 



a 



_b_hJihlh 

hhhfiZfilh 



^ ^7^ 



XZEUlfL 



x_r_ 



Jl_r r ■ r r r 



V vv 



1 I I ^ ' 'T^ ^ r ^ ^ ^ -a" 



a 



"ZFg^g^a-^g^a^g r rrrr 

-^g^g-^g-^g^g 



Ti&e 




Gam-itt-Kej, NevpTiifiJffg. In J II of This 67. 

aaaaaa_aa(b<L<b<bt,(b<b (LdQj (b <b (it ^_ h h hhhhhhh 

J3,^:S_^'c)'^_^'S'd3?'d^2^Z3'3^-^-'aT'<)?iZWdF5 h h h h'h h h h h" 

I aaaa aa aag g g^^ -^'^ \ ?)?> ?> d?i"d^'^'^~7r~y~~y v v v v v 

'— -— ^ 1 I- )_i /__;c) d I yyy r 

^a ''a^a-^a ^a^a ■^a-^g-^a-^a^a ^a-^a ■^g-^a^'a^aFa^a:~-^a-'a. — 

\\ - . ^^ 

h~l. _„h,h_h_ h h?)''a'9Tir~Z T~ ^ ^ : 

yiyxy y y y y y yaaac^a a g I g ~a a '^ 

„h.i.hhh_ h_h h_h_h_hh aaa u a a I (b a a a (b d^ 

thi h h h h I _h_b_h h 1 7> 7>7> Ti -^Td ?> 7) 6 "d ?) 

yyiyyj y y i w t r^^~'ai ^?) -(T — ^^~^'" 



^a-^a^a-^a^a-^a-^a-^a^a^a-^a-^a-^a-^a^a^a-^a-^a'^a'^d'^a-^a 

A-re-Key^ IlatTumng. hz All of This 1 62. 

SJir_xrrr_ 



aaaa aa'^^aaqjaagaaaaa__ a a a a \ aa a 



jiaaaaaaaaaaaa_aa_\__<b<b<b(L(b(b<i, ,aadadaaaaajj:ca_jL't\bJib_. 



'aaaaaaddaa^^'d ?)^ aaa) aa d ?>? ) aadaad^T)?iid7i\aj)gi?ii)ci?i_ 

: asa_aasa sssja 1 J__ s s 1 sadad axaaaaa 1 .f s s s ss j 

i 6" i_ / ? Ill e \ \ \ I .f.f.f.f.f',f j:f >■ jcFT.f j,f j-y 

aactaaaaa aaa aa a a a aa an. g a aaaa aaa aag 



aaaaaaa a I _aaaa aa a alJJJcFJj^jaajjjj.f 

jLe._«XM^e^M^M^.iLJ__a__^ta^^ 

i?)^aaaaaaaa3)3?> 1 ?)?)?) h h h h h h_hj_h hddaauaa i_j^addaaaddddij^ 

JcF gj^jjjj^aaa iJjjjj j^j j jjjaaa.f s sj'ij ads fssd' ~~Js' 

J_ s l_ss_s S) <fss / s'l [ s r ^ 



a aa a aaaaa aaaaa aaaa aaaaaaaaa a aaaa a aoT' 

ss_sssssssssssssssssssf sssssr£sss rrr kk k k 

SJJLfaxi [adasssssssssaaafSSSs 1 sssssdddadaaa aaaa L 

<b^^<b a\a aa a (i,i'Qy<La(L(Ll€(b(bdd i adGaci<L,a.aaaada (<a a\ 

'2s_ "?\ \aaaaLLg a ag gg gggaddl \__Maa<j^-dd(\o6^i)f)<)a.a 1 

Jill ., I I ggj I a Kf j;f.fa.a.+\f jj gj'j.f i< 



J LJ I III .f I ] >.f r 



aaaaa a aa aaaa aa a aa aaa aa aaaaa aa 
kjLk_k kkkkkkkkkkkkkk k 

aaaaa"a yTy_y'y y yy aaaaa _i yyy y y y' 

aaa_aa k_k_kj< kkkkk.kk k 1 kk kk'kk 
dda a aa a hha_aaah 1 hhaad__hh 
ass ss I ) a La aya 1 da a l_ a_ 

— ~ 11 r.f I T 



aa a aaaaa aaaaa aa aaaaa 

A- re -Key ^ Nevo Timing. 7n All Here but <yi. 

ssssss s s ssss'ssssrrr rr rr Vkkkkk k 

J ss sssssss ss . s s \ da ddada^ adaaaaaaaggg<j \ ggy s y y ^ 



ssifssss jj ss s . f .f .f I .fjj ssseG'e6'es<f iJJjJJJ. s ^ s 

.f .f .f .f . f .f I .f .f s . ,f /.f .f I .f .f sS'tssftss.fSS^ sj s, TJ J-" 

ss s s Jij jjii jjjjjjiir ssssa d''a sssai \a\j 1 1 s 



1 




1 SSSSS 1 1 1 1 1 


II ' ] ~ 


aaaa a 
kkkk 


a 


aaaq^g^q^aaa aaaa a aaaaa 


aaaa aaaaaaa 


SJrSS 


.-f.f.f.f 


SSS 


-1 ss 




. . . . ; : ; ; . ■ ■ ■ ■ ' • ■ ' ' \ \ 




1 s . . 




i.-l'Vi r; 




aaaa 




Cc 2 


E'mi- 



1^6 The Cnil Van ; or. 



rrrr r 



B-mi-Key^ Flat Tuning. In Jll Here but gl. 
TTX^ r Hi hhTThhT T 1 . h _h.h ... h h h h 



rrrr rrfJf r r'\_l£~^rjJ^±ss_jjsjJ.-J- 
V~\ rr T'r \ hhh_i_tLhj_hhh._) 



^j2 Zaaa a aaadaa ci\ a aaaaaaaa 



B-7ni-Key^ Nerv tvaj- Jn all here <^2. 
kj e;e/'L(L(Le;(Ley<^< Lhhhhhh hh hhh 

' frrrrrrr_rj rrrr rr rrr r h h h h h h b h h h i h h h h h h h 

aaa i aaa. L_aa_a_lLL!_aaia_aa asa 1 <aa laa a a 

55"5 555 5 55 5 55 5 55 5 55 5 5 




c 



The Nrmber of Alltogether in the Flat Tunings Thus appea- 
' ring, is 549. 

And of the 'Nero Tuning but 950. 

Near too « So that It appeais,in the Flat Tuning.there are very near 200 

^enSiilwh^t ' S'topf of Variety, (in fuch like Chordes as Thefe, viz. of ^d's^ ^th's, 

Theie Two ' and Sth's^ according to their Natural Flat and Sljarp 3W/J more 

Tunings. c jj=,^fj gj-g jn That, They call the Neiv Tuning:, and without all 

* QueUion^ Tt muft needs follow, That the Troportion will anfwer 
' alike in Thofe other Stops o^ Contrary ^d's, Stlt's, and all other 

* Varieties, in paffing Handfomly, and Conveniently through T)ip 
' cords,QiVid in making up of Cadences, or Clefis, &c. as in the whole 

* Scope of Compofltion there is a Vajh Variety. 

"■ And fince I have thus far troubled my (elf,(and perchance fbme 
' Readers in This Matter )\^z\\ not think It Lofi Labour, a little 

* farther to Explain ray felf in This T articular Thing--^ becaule I 
' have known very many to contend for the Credit o^ This New 
' Tuning, with far Greater Zeal,{hut much more Confidence) than 
' True Skill, Examination, or Judgn^nt-:,And indeed They do pa(s 
« for very Sl^ilffil Men, and may be Co, for ought I know, yet 
' Overfeen in This Tarticidar •-> becaufe They have not, (I dare (ay, 
' in the leaft) Compared Them together,nor Obferv'd the True T)iffe- 

* rence between Them j but have been more Ready, and Glad 
' to follow the iVWej, and Fajlnons, than Minding, or Caring iov 
<■ the Subjiantial Vfe of their Jrt. 

Now I defire,for the better underftanding diThis'T)jfpjite,to have 

It confider'd upon. How many of the 7 Keys This New Tuning is 

No^e well the fttaightued in 3 FirU, as to C-fa-ut-Key, ( which is the moft N^ible^ 

mo'ft?finci- Feroick^, and Majejiical Key, in the whole Scale j J and, if there 

paiiy-Emi- j^^ gj^y ^rcheminency to be given to any Key, certainly 'tis due to 

on dieK' This,moJiEminently:,yo\i may (ee,He is Extreamly TeHt,and Strait- 

ned.l have a 106, moft of Them are very free and Familiar Stops^ 

# eafie for the Hand'-yZnA he has but 36, and TittifuUy Crowded-Pom- 

ba(i Tlings,\n refpeft of the Flat Tumng,an.d moft of Them ^Difficult. 

See 



.... '^m., ,, , ... : . 

The Lute made Eafie, 



191 



See again for 7)-fol-re, which is likevvife a very Stately^ Noble, TheExami- 
fulKey-i I have 46, and he but 24, and very ^veraiKevs' 



very 
than arc thole in the 



and Majejhck^ ufeful Key •■, 

much mare Intricate, in the ufe of them 

Flat Tnnivg. 

Come we now to FU-nti-Key, ( which is the only, and Prin- 
cipal Key of the New TaniMg)and there I do acknowledge,he has 
a very FandfoKt^ Free, and Tleafant Scope 5 and I believe. If I 
would have troubled mylelf, to have found out a few moreK^- 
rieties in It, I might have done (b 5 but when I came to (ee they 
were both capable of 100 a piece, I thought itiufficient; they 
both having Latitude enough. 

But now we are to vi€W F-fa-ut-Key, which is an exceeding 
Brisk,, Lofty, and Sparkling Key-, and fee, how Miferably he 
is 'Ptmond : I proteft, I have been very fblieitous, for to aug- 
ment the Number of 16 Stops for him, but cannot do It any 
Way^ whereas the f/^* !7«»?»^ has, as you may fee, "^i. Liberal, 
and Freo, 

Now as for Gam ut-Key, I muft Vail-Bounet a litde for Num- 
ber, he having 67, and I but 51 ^ yet if It be truly confidered, 
according to the Compleatnels of the Well and Formal Lying of 
ihcTarts^xn Reference to Compofition^It will be fouQd,thatmy 
fmall Number, Will advantage me more in my Performances, than 
will his Greater, for matter of Compleatnels ; and that fmall 
difference in Number, is not confiderable, in relpeft of what he 
Icofeth in the others, especially this next Key to be look'd into, 
vzz' A-re-Key-y in which I have ( as you may fee) 168 5 beha- 
ving but 5 1 :, and obferve what Brave ones they be, viz, mofl: of 
them Clutter d, Crampijh Stops, which mufl be performed with LuVe^play, 
laying Crofs your Fore-finger, which is the Hardeji Tiece of Tlay 
( for clear Stopping ) that can be ; la this he is ( as it were ) 
quite {hut out of doors, or fb Tefid up, that he has (carcely any 
Scop at ail. J-re is a Mofl: Excellent Key. 

Now come we to the lafl;, viz,. B-mi-Key 5 which may very 

well be put Hindmoft •■, for It is a Key feldom, or never made ufe 

of, (as to be call'd the Key ( except It were B-mi-Flat : ) \ 

cannot fay, that I ever faw a Lute-LejSon fet in Tfm Key natural, 

in all my Life 5 yet I have attempted the fetting of fbme in This 

Work:, ( as you may find : ) And in This Key I mufl: again Vail^ 

Bonnet, and give him tht Greater Number 5 but what fignifieslt? 

as much as comes to nothing, in regard that Little ufe is made of 

It : But that (in the whole) I have Advantage enough, I am fuffi- 

ciently fatisfied ^ and fo I hope will all Vnbiajjed Terfons be, who 

will examine the Bufinefs aright , and not fuffer themfelves to be 

Jbus'd, and led by the Swing of the Silly Modes and FaJJnons, 

who muft needs forfake the Better for the fVorJe, and connot be 

therewith contented, except to cry down all befides what They 

like of:, ( which if It be New, no matter. ) 

And now I think I have Explain'd this Bufinefs, to the fatisfa- 
dion of all Rational Men '-, and as for others, who are only for 
FaJ)ions j the Fafiions go with Them,and They with the FaJImns, 

And 



Crofs-ftop- 
ping, the har- 
deft piece of 



Z-mi-Kfy Na- 
tural feldom 
us'd as the 
Key in Con- 
fort, &C\ 



1^8 



The Ciyil ^art ; or. 



A very Con- 
•fiderable 
Tiling, as to 
tlieCompleac- 
nefs of' the 
Lute-Tuning. 



And as for the compleatneCs oi any Lute-TuKh/g^ there is one 
thing mainly coKjidcrahle, which I perceive is not much regarded, 
and is, w&. the Formation of the 'Diapafom of the Infiriiment, 
to this purpofe, viz,. That they may Tone in a Natural Order, 
the True 'Proportionable Tones of the Scale^ as they lye Natu- 
rally in their Ranf{s^ or Orders-^ as you {hall find in Thif Flat 
Timing perfeftly they do ^ andfblikewite in the Theorhoe-Tuning:^ 
Explained (for Example) 7^»v. 



(C?* 



Wlio ( for 
Recreation ) 
will Sing 
Thus ? 





E^=^=^i^:x=~E~ 


Or Thus. 




ri — — 

A ■ 


TAe Order of the Diapafins, in the Flat Tuning., 


■ 


.•>' ' ■■ 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 I / i / / 1 




u 


1 






II 
"II 










\ 


/? n . a f? w 





> 



Q.'^a.'^CL^CL 4 5 5 4.^a<^a.-^a: a. 

This very thing adds fo much Liifircy and Advantage., to the 
Tuning of an Jnfirument., and the Mnfu\ thereox^, that I cannot 
but 'defire, it may be taken NotMe of. Whereas upon the other, 
which they call the Neve Tuning., they want, and are foic'd ac 
their laft '[Diapafon.,- (which fliould be the Chief Ghrji of their 
lute, as to the Bajfes, in that kind) to make a S/^ip, or an Ill- 
fa vour'd kind of Halty ( as we ufe to fay, ) as if they were 
Lames and indeed, what have they Halted unto, but to the 
niofb ufelel.s, and Improper Key., in the whole nature of Mu\ickj, 
to make a ^Period upon, ( vi%. B-mi 5 or a FialfNote ) as upon 
all '^ndiciom Examinations., you will find to be vex y Silly : For 
who ( in his Natural Recreation of Voice , when he would 
Pleafe, or Refrelh himielf, in Toning., in a Tleafant way ) will 
S'mgThus ^ 

ZX But rather Thus, which 
J is. nioft. Natural. 

But if you were pleas'd, or could thus Crofs-grain'dly be Co 
contented 10 Sing., or Toy with your felf after this lirft Order : I 
fay. Examine that Tuning., ( upon the J^Jen' French way ) which I 
jlpeakofi and you will find It take very unhandfcme pains, (as I 
may fo (ay)Eo get to the lafi AW,viz.the O^ave., otT)iapafon:^znd 
for to get to It, It muft, (,?s I 6id ) make a Bop.^ or a Skipj 
as for Example, 77)^. , .•■].■•] 





'. ../li.! 2> 



A Great Sis- And if this be not a Grand Blemifh to the Tuning., let any one 

uiM '^° ^ ^"' *^^ ''^ Mnfical Gmius.,ox of Experience,]udgej It being fo very £/«- 

tjatural, and ( as to Signification ) Nonfenfical. For 



The Lute made Eajie, ip^ 



^ For in a Comparative rpay\ (asl ufe to tell (and have fo done a Comparifon 
mThis Book.) Mufick, or Muftcal-Tones , Motions, Forms, or tSdH"'"' 
Shapes, ZVG Significant, in reference to fomething in Language viz. 
Conceits, Humours, Tajjlons, or the like.. 

And here give me leave to be a link Merry, in the midSi of 
derzoiiftefs ; (for I cannot chufe bat Laugh, when I look^ upon, 
•Sing, or Strike This Jtiharmonical Form, or Order of Notes etpe- 
ciallji in the Teriod of Thofe Diapafons of That 40 lear-Old-Nexv- 
Tuning, viz. Thus. 



^SE^p 



^or *nethnk., I Taney Wrongly, tURelifli, or Refemblance, of a 
rerfon fitting upon a Clofe-fiool; which doubtlefs you cannot but like- 
mfedo, efpecally if in Singing of Them, you will add a lit- 
tie Humonr znd Conc&it, in N^ng, and Toting out the li?. 
JMote, and Groaning, or Grunting at the laft. 
, ThisVncouth Form,or Order ofNotes,is (I fay) Thus Jptly,or Na- 
■turally Capable of fuch a kind of i?i./;V«/.«x, ov Humorous Conceit, 
Whereas That other Form of the Flat Tuning is fuch,that 'tis impof- 
iible for Envy,ot the Wit ofMan.to put any the leaft Slur,ox AfFront 
upon It, andisCoTerfemyHarmonical, Co Naturally Sweet, Noble 
Generous Free, and Heroic^h Fxpreftng Co much oC Bravery, Gal- 
lantry, Refolution, yea even Majejiy It felf:, that f Beallv I I 
cannot but wonder, How fuch a 2)./;,«?e as This, (hould be thus 
long undetermined by the Right Tietermination, viz. That the 
J iTef; " ^'^ ^'^^'''''b the Btfi', ^ ^z far Ex celling in ma- 

But as an Old Mafier-Teacher upon the Lute, (and one who 
has been all along very Zealom for That New Tuning ) coming 
lately to my fW.r, ( whilft I was attending the y^y^ J to fee 
what Progrefs I had made in This My /^.r^i After he had turn'd 

fr^ rh?r7 Tr "'•'"''r ^''T^' ^^djccmg moft of my Lejfons were 
m the F/^f W^,feemd notto be well pleas'd at It, whereupon 
I took an occafion ^oL)ircourfe the Buflnefs with him alittle,and to 
Vindrcate It ; but ft.U he feem'd to perfift in his Former Humour, 

V v^n"'"" """^y^ ^°' ^^ """^^^ g^v^ no Reafon but only 'twas 
^e Fajlnon, and the New-Tuning) Then I turn'd him to That 
©e^^e which I have fet Here mTage 192 d^c. which after he had 
^r. ^ while Confider'd upon, he was ftill and quiet 5 

wheieupon I defired^^.^ to tell me ferioufly what he had to fay 

I^:.h¥ ^i'^i^f'^ V'^'^r ''^4'^ ^^^'^ ^A«. ^e/.re 5 which was as 

r AnH^n^'^f r'l^r^^a-^^^^^ *^' ^4 u>hichlliandup 
fir And douB^eis All muft do the like, when once They TrulV 
look mto the Right Reafon oC It, or elfe Renounce their own 
Keajon. 

Thl^r 'a^I'^? ''°"''r'^ fometimes, how It came to paG, 

s!^;/;fo^anoSr^ ^'" ^^"'^ -^' ^'-/^^ -'^-f ; 



ZOQ 



The Chi I Tan ; or^ 



The Reafon 
why fio late- 
New Tuning 
for the Lute, 



No better can 
be Invented, 
than what we 
now Enjoy. 



Rt* 



A Great Cul- 
Isry CO Young 
Scholars, \vl;o 
think, that 
New Tunings 
bnngNtvvMu- 
lick into the 
World. 



' But now I think on't,! verily believe I haveHit upon theRight 

* and Terfe& Reafon^ .and I am confident, there can be no other 
' poffibly, which is 7yG»' .• for no doubt, but they (I mean the 
' Modijis ) have been long enough Nibblittg^ hfammering^ and 

* Ttmpvg at 7/, to find out forae Other, and would rather than a 
' Great deal they could hit upon One which ihould be cry'd up for 
' Nerv 5 but they are at a Ikoh flus nltrx 5 that is, they are Out- 
' vpjtted--) for except they ftiould produce fomething that may car- 
' ry a Tlaufibk kindofJJ^ow with It, they do nothing. And tru- 

* ly I believe, that the Wit of Man ftiall never Invent Fetter Tu- 
' nings, either upon Ltttes, or Viols, than are at this day in Being, 
' and life 5 for queftionlefs, AB Ways have been Tryed to do % 
' and the very Beji is nov/ in Beiftg 5 fo that let none expeft 
"■ more New 'Tunings, than now they have, except fome Silly, 
' and Jnferiour Ones, ( as feveral I have all along feen ) but they 
' dye quickly, and follow after their Inventors ^ but this of the 
' Hat Tuning, and that of the Old- LTtte-Tjtning, viz, the Theorboe- 
' Tuning, undoubtedly will remain fo long as Littes^ ^ndMuJc^ 
' remain u^->on Earth, 

' And lam very fubjeO: to believe, Thatthere are fome lute- 
' Majiers, who do well -enough know the Trite T)ijfere}2ce ber 
' twixt Thefe Two Timifzgs-.ytt: becaufe they hd.vt,(Tnconfideratelj) 
' either nndervabted This, t>r: (^u'd up That fo ftrongly, are now 
' JjJjamd to return again unto/,f, andG^^ knovps, the General 
' Ignorance of the Teeple, is too much, to find out the Truth, &c* 

* But T:ere 'tis plainly laid Open^ if they can but Relieve It, when 

' they See Ip. But one Main Injury by This,]s falln upon the Sim- 

' pie Learners, who are made to Believe^ that which is hot in 

■'•■N attire, viz,. Thi\t'ns the Manner of Tuning of an Inflrument,thzt 

;' caufeththe Excellency of Mufich^: Now Therehes a Great Gitl- 

' lery 5 for Mufick^ is the fame^ ( quaji Mufich^) Upon all Ivfirii- 

' ments alike j only fome Infiritments have a Better Tveang^ than 

' others have 5 and alfo fome Tunings, are Better, than others 5 

i'i that iS;, dremore ^topeV, and Jpt, (as I have Sufficiently 7)e.- 

<^''ffionJlratedti\Teady) to perform fome things upon, than are 

,** others : But this the Scholar underftands not ; but Thinkj, That 

^ A New Tuning hrings Ken) Mufick^ info the TVorld. 

'Now, that they (hall ^be undeceived, who are thus Captiva- 
' fed for 'WaM oi Sk^B, arid Right Injornzation, I hnve., ^' you 
■''fee) ifoi them down a Rule m Tage 186. hov They 
*-Themfelvcs (bal'l Translate any LeJJm, from one Tuning to ih^ 
(J other, and -the Mufich^ (they fhail find) will be the very Sams 
''^;in ffll ^'unUilioes, (only as I faid)infome Particular Cafes, 
t'Stops, and 'Places, there may be a more Eajie, or lamiliarWay 
'of Expri'jjing luch and fuch things in one Tunings than in ano- 
"^ 'ther, which alters not the Mudcl^ at all. 

' Now to Conclude This Bujinefi in Few fiords--. Let both Theje 
* Tunings he Examined, according to a 'judicious, and Rational 
■^Account 5 and It ftiall be found, That the Elat-Tumng, is a m/)fi 
'Fn'U, Tlimfp, Brisk,, Noble, Heroick^Tuning 3 Free and 

Copious^ 



The Lute made Eafie, 



20 1 



^ Copious '-y Fif^ Aptly, d»d Liberally to Exprefs any thing, in any 
^ of the 7 Keys^ But That Nerv Tuning is farjjjort ofTheJe Ac-' 

* commodations-j and i^ obvioujly fnbjedt to feveral Jnconvenienccs-^ 

* as before J. have manifefied^ and made plain. Yet I do acknoW- 
« ledge, for (bme things, upon fome Key's , it is very Fine, and 
< Neat 5 but nothing fo SnhflaHtial, ds That Flat One 3 which mofl 
' rporthily ought to have the Treheminency^and rchich I doubt not, but 

* It will again Re-ajinate, when Thefe Things f} all be once Exdmind, 

* and Conftderdupon. Lejides, view here but of a Common Toy, yet 
« an Excellent Old LeJ^on, known by the Name of the Nightingal, 
« which I have here let down on purpo(e, in That Jncomperable 

* Flat Tutting, for their Eternal Shame, who fhall yet contend for 
' the Treheminehce between Thefe 2 Tunings 5 and I only (et It 
' down Single, ( without Its Tranflaiion ) becaufe I leave that 

* to. Themfelves, or any other to do, ( to the Belt Advantage ) 
' left i {hould be thought to do It Tartially : And let them then tell 
' me their Judgments, after they have made their BeB Tryals to 
' Tranflate It. It is ( you fee) in Cfa-ut-Key, and (which is yet 

* more for the Credit of the Flat Tuning, it is Set to be Play'd 
•■ without the Treble String, which is no Small Confideration. 



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* jlfid let Them do by This of Mine ^ as I have done by That (be- 
*fore)of Theirs, viz. Set It in thefime Key: And Then Thus much Vk 
*■ adventure to Say^ and Tromife, viz. That if they Equallize This 
' Lejfon^ C Tht0 Set f by Their Tr inflation ) in Freenefs, Fullnefs, 
' Eafe, Familiarity, and Compleatnefs •-, ( and This LcJJon is but (as 
' J faid ) One df our EngliJJ) Toys, or Common Tunes.) I mil be 

* Bound tojiand upon the Fillory, 3 Market T)^ys, reith my Bookjn 
' my Hand, and make an open Recantation, and Beg Their Fardon^ 
' rvhich vpill be but a Fit FuniJ/jment forMe,ivho have ThmTrreverenf- 
' ly attempted, andSpoken againji Their Great Idol, the Mode-, and to 
' ContradiH the General- Svpalhvp'd-dorvn-Gobblet of the Inconjiderate 
''Opinion, ofthe^oTears-Old-Nevp-Tuning. ' 

' / muji be pardon d forTijs my Earnejinefs, ( or rather Zeal) 

' in Thit F articular Thing , viz. againii the Humour of Invegling 

wliat has ' Learners to Hanker, and long after Nevp or Various Tunings, &ic. 

been one ' bcc.mfe I am moji Jj^urcd, It is, and has been ( all along ) one 

making die ° ' Grand Caufe of making the L ute-Flay Hard, and Troublejbme^ to 

LuceH.ird, ' the Great 7)ifcouragement, and Flindrance of moU loungZJnder- 

f'omo^oLear- ' t^k^s Upon If-, Whereas, if Maprs would rightly Conjider Their 

tiers. ' own Eafe, and Profit •-, Their Scholars Benefit, and Content-, and 

' theFromotion, and Facilitating of the Art : They ivould Certainly 

' RednceAU^or moji ofTheirFerfirmances to That One Only Copious, 

* Eafie, a»d Beji of Tunings ^ jvhich is moft Sufficient^ and leaji 
' Troublefome'-} the ivhich They might (with much Eafe) do : and I am 
' Confident, that where there is One noiv Learns, (in a Short Time ) 
' there ivould be '20, (yea very many more'-,) and the Lute brought into 

what 's he ' T)eferved ESieem, and Reqnefi again •-, for It has no manner of Op- 

Lut/sGier- <■ pofitzon. Or Enemy, but only the Opinion of Hardnefs, orT)ifiicul- 

tclt Enemy: ^ fj._^ ^„^ ^y 'j'fjjg f^Jeans, It ivould Certainly be much more Eafte, as 

c Jhave made fufficiently appear all along^ in This jVorkj, So that I 

i will fay no more to This T articular 5 but Troceed to the Djphone. 



Concerning 



■ *■» 

1 1 1 I L I . m i l l 1 ., 



The Lute made Eafie, 



Z03 



:.^; 






%^ 



C!^oncerning the 

DYPHONE: 



O R 



Double-Lute , 

The Lute of Fifty Strings. 




Chap. XLI. 

H E Figure of which Jnjimnient^ you may 
fee in ^age ri^i--, which Figure doth fo 
Perfeftly Reprefent the Original^ that if 
you mind It Veil, you may Fancy , you 
lee the very InTlrumenlJt Self'', and is(as 
yet ) the One Only Tnftrumcut in Being of 
That Kind 5 and but Lately Invented^ by 
My Self, and made with My own Hands:, 
in the Tear 1672. 
The Occafion of Its TroduUion., was My NeceJJtty ■■, viz. My 
Great 'Defe^ in Bearing--^ adjoined with My Vnjatiabk Love^ 
and Tiejire after the Lute--, It being an Injirument fi Soft ^ and 
Tafi my Reach of Hearings I did Imagine, it was pofiible to Cott- 
trive a Louder Lute, than ever any yet had been ; whereupon 
after divers Cajli, and Contrivances^ I pitch 'd upon This Order ; 
the which has ( in a Great Degree) anf^eredmy Expe&ation ^ It 
being abfolutely the LuBiejl or Loudeji Lute, that I ever jiet 
heard'-, for although I cannot hear theleaft Tw^w^of any other 
Lute, when I Tlay upon 7t 3 yet I can hear Th^, ih' a very Good 
Meafure 5 yet not fo / oud,, as to 7)i[}inguijl) Every Thing ITlay, 
without the Help of My Teeth ^ which when Hay r/^ye to the 
Edge of It,CThere,\vhcirc the Lace is Fix' d) I hear Ji/ FFltyDi- 
fiiti&ly •-, fothat Jt is to Me ( IThank^God ) One of the Frinci- 
fal Refrefoments, and Contentments I Enjoy in Thif World 3 what 
It may prove to Others, in TtsVfy and Service, (if any (hall 
think fit to make the L ike ) I know not 5 but I conceive Tt may 
be very ZJfefnl ■-, becaufe of thefeveral Conveniences and Advanta- 
ges Jt has o?- All Other Lutes y as I fliall here declare. Firft^ 

You may well conceive. It may have a Fuller, Plumper, and 
LuUier Sound, than any 0/Aer 5 becaufe the G«Ct/w is almoft as 

D d 2 Long 



By what Oc- 
cafion It came 
to be Inuen- 
ted. 



How 3 Deaf 
Perfon mnv 
Hear Mufirk; 
.ind tlie Un- 
valnablcBen,'!- 
fit of tt rothe 
Author, being 
Deaf. 

Two Grc\c 

Avanraees it 
lissofallo- 
tlif r Lure;, as 
TO Angment.i- 
rionofSmind; 



Z04 



The Qyil 'Part ; or. 



The wonder- 
ful Secret of 
Unities in 
Sound. 



Some other 
Confiderabk 
Benefits by 
Thfs Inftru- 
rnent, 



One onlyOb- 

jeftion againft 
It, fufficicncly 
Anfwered. 



Lofig ^^'^^^■) 3s moft Ordinary Lutts •-, for 'tis clearly HoUovp^ from 
jSlec^to Neck,-, without any the Leafi Jnterruption--^ fothat when 
you Tlay the One, you have the Advantage of the Other, at the 
fame time. Turn which you veiU : This is One Augmentation of 
Sound '■, There is yet Another 3 which is from the Strange , arid 
Wonderful Secret, which lies in the Nature of Sympathy, in Vni- 
ties ; or the Vniting of J-Jarmonical Sounds 3 the One always Ang- 
menting the Other : For let 2 Several InHruments lie afunder, 
(at any Rea finable T)ifiance ) when you Tlay upon One, the O- 
ther (hall Sound •-, provided They be both ExaBly Tuneditz Vnifins^ 
to Each Other:, otherwife not.This is known to AS Curious Jnfpe- 
Uors into Such Myfieries- 

If This therefore be True, It muft needs be Granted, That rohen 
the Strings of Thefe Two Twynns ( Acchordingly yput on!, and Tun'd 
in Vnities, and Jet up to a Stiff L^tfly T'ich, They catmot but much 
more Augment, and Advantage One the Other. 

Thefe are the 2 Main Advantages, a&tx) Augmentation ofSound-f 
which no Rational, or Vnderflanding Man can doubt of. 

There are (everal other Benefits by This Injirument ■-, as Firft, 
you are provided oi' Both the Mofi Con/pleat, atidVfefiil 1 7; tcs in 
the World '-, and you have Them Clofely Ready, upon any Contrary, 
and Sudden Occajionj The Majejiic\ Theorboe, either for Voice, 
Organ, or Confort, C^c. and The High Improved' French Lute, for 
Aity, and Spruce, Single or 'Double Lejfons ; and is alfb a Mcfi 
Admirable Confort Jnjirument,where They know how to make the. 
Right Vfe of It, and not fuffer It to be Over-Tofd WnhSqualing- 
Scoulding-Fiddles j but to be E(jually Heard with the Reji, ^-^c 
Thefe I fay are always at Hand, to 'Pleafkre Friends Entreaties, 
&c. But for any Ones Trivate TraBice, It is of Mofi frngular Ad- 
vantage for T)ifering Tra&ices j and will moft certainly make a 
Man both an Able Mafier, and gain Him an Able Hand : But 
Thefe Things muft be only Believed-, very Few having Try'd it 
out by Experience, as I my felf have done, with both Lute, and 
Theorboe. 

Another Benefit by This T>ouble-Strung-Lute , is 5 whereasf 
other Lute-Bellies conftantly Jz«)^between the Knot , and ther 
Bridge, by reafbn of the Great Force of the Strings T)ramng 5 
fb that They are often to be taken ofF5 This Belly will not fb 
foon Sink^ there ^ becaufe the Strings draw contrary ways 5 
fb that They may be laid to Counterbuff one another : By which 
means This Belly of Mine has been kept Straight, and Tight, ever 
fiiice It was made, and not anyone ^^rr^^Kw^j ^^ Loofned. And 
It always ftands at a very Stifl and High 'Pitch, and Strung very 
Round. 

Another Convenience is. It will Endure a Lufiy Strong Tlay, 
without Jarring, ox Snarling •■) All which other Weaker Lutes m^l 
not do. 

Now againft all Thefi Conveniences, and Advantages, there may 
beO»e very TlaHfable,zndTrobableObje£iion,(and there can be no 
more ) viz. It muft needs be Cumberfome, or Troubkfome in the 

Holding 



The Lute made Eafie. 20^ 



HoUiftg, and Vfe. To which I Jnficer Thus. Firji^ As to the 
Grafp of either Hand^ I have taken fuch Care^ that It is the 'verj/ 
fume, mth All manner of True Seized Lutes^ both Theorboes, and 
French Lutes, nothing at all ^Differing. 

Then as to the Eolding of It betwixt the Jrm , and Breafi, 
the French L^ite^ ( as I (aid ) is the very Same , but the Theorbos 
much more Ealie^thzn MoU TrHe-Confort-Titch'd-Theorboes--)^cc&vSh 
fhey are Commonly more Wide,ox Broad in the i?7^x,and j^e^jthan 
is This'-, For Jt is every way as Compejtdiom, andFIandy, as is the 
French Lute ^ there being (carccly any 'Difference in Their Scite, 6t 
Bulkj, ( as you may perceive by the Figure ) the which I chofe 
to do 3 becaufe I did Confider, That what I might Loofe, as to 
Fulnefs ofSonnd, ( one way ) in the Breadth, I knew I Qiould gain 
much moreva. the Length ( the Other. ) ' 

The Length of the 2 Necks, and Heads, is no Inconvenience at 
all, after you are a little us'd to the Holding of Tt 5 for neither of 
Them touch the Ground as you Tlay : So that for My own Tart, I 
know»tf Inconvenience at all in /if; but find many Great Co7ive- 
niences by 7ft 

Now as to Its other "Dimensions, It is in Its Body of a VerfiB Concerning 
Tear-Mould, both Ways, (whi'ch is Judgd the Bejl Shape for my onsS'TlS' 
Lute^^ And indeed the Very Beji Sounding Lutes are Tear-Mould, inftrumenc. 

/;( Carries Compleatly 50 Strings, viz. 2 6 upon the Theorboe- 
Tart, and 24 upon the French-Lute-Tart. 

The Length of the Strings of Both, from Bridge to A///, are ^ 

Exactly Confort-Titch : The Tre^/^ ^/r/w^j of Both, to be Titch'd 
to G-fol-re-ut : The Heads of the French Lute, the z;ey;/ _^»/e with 
Others : But the J/e^i^ of the Theorboe is «?»i-/?» Shorter, than mofl 
Theorboes'-y the which (upon a fudiciom Examination, is ftill 
the i\f(9re Compleat , but «?ac^ z«ore Naturally Vniform, Troportio- 
nable, and £■«;(?«, Cas to Sounds ) For Thofe very Extream long The Great in- 
Heads, which ufually are put upon Theorboes, axe both Trouble- convenience 
J2»;;i'e to 7a»e, and Inconfiflent with the TunUilioes, and Criticifms d^MbfeHcads " 
in yf r^ ^ They Rendring the Infirument Difproportionable within /it to i.«f w or 
felf-^ for in the Vfe of fif, Thofe Extraordinary I ongBaffhs com- ^'^"'^""^ 
monly Over-Bing, and Drownd the Trebles, or if ( to help the 
matter ) you ftrike 7^6^/;-; fb much the Softer j yet 7/&e;> (eem not 
to be of the fame Kin-flnp with the Shorter Strings, but as if They 
belong'd to another Infirument. Whereas Thk InUrument is (b 
Tropflrtionahiy made, that each Diapafon Defends Gradually^ 
Step by Step ■-, by which means, the whole Number, both of Short, 
and Long, Strings, Speal^ Vniformly, and Evenly to Themfelvesj 
which is a very Confiderable Matter, in any Infirument. 

I have now done' with the Defiription of TI^zV A-^aj Infirument-^ 
only I muft needs jS'e? for It, and i^/y Je/^ 0/?^, or Two Favours, in 
Reference to fome Allowances, which /if ought to be Confider 'd in : 
AsFirfl, It is a New-made-Infirnment -.^ and therefore cannot yet 
Speak, fo ?f^//, as Jjf will do, when It comes to Jge, and Bipenefi 5 
}-et // gives forth a very Free, Brisk,, Trouling, Tlump, and Sreeet 
Sound: But 'tis Generally known, That ^e adds Gf?o^ we/7, and 

Ter- 






zq6 



The Qhil Tart ; or. 



Contcrning 
the In (ide of 
Th/s Inftru- 
mcnCjjnd Its 
Conveniences 



A Recreative 
Fancy. 



Viz. When 
They United 
Both againft 
the D//fcb,and 
Beat Them 
Soundly. ' 

Vi%. Difcordsi 
for the 7 th. 
and ^i■ are 
the 2 only 
Hateful Dif- 
cordi in Na- 
ture. 



TerfeSlion to All Jn^rufnentsvcAde of Wood: Therefore Old Lutes, 
and Viols^axe always of rnuch more Value^ithm JSIew Oms'^o that 
if an InUniment be Geod^ when AW,there is no doubt but /jt will, 
be Excellent^ v.'hen It is Old. 

Secondly^ Tt -was made by a. Hand, that Never ( before) Jlt- 
tempted the Making of Any Inflrument -, Therefore It muft needs 
want Thofe TerfeSiions, which a Sk^lfiil Tragical Operator in luch 
Things, would doubtlels have Given It. 

Concerning the In-Jide of This Inflrnment, in Reference to the 
Taking off the Belly, at any Time, upon Necejjiiy ; Know, It is Co 
Contriv'd, that either Tart of the Bel/y may come off Single, and 
the other may ftill ftay on 3 For between the 2 Bridges, there is 
a "Dividing Joynt, which may cafiiy be Tarted, with a Hot Iron, 
and a little Moijl Goath, &c. ( as by IDireUion, in \he Mechanical 
Tart, Tage 56. you may fee how to do^ ) and It is much more Ea- 
Jk to Takeoff This Belly, and fet It on again, than the BeUy of any 
Other Lute-^ for there is a Strong Barr,Glerved to the very Edge 
of each "Divided Tart, in That Tlace, which will come off with 
each Bel/y, and is of SuhJiantialVJe for ftrengthning the whole.- 

Let This much fufEce to be (poken by Me, Concerning Thif 
New Inflrument 5 but whofbever pleafeth, may Hear It Speak^much 
Better fir It Self 

Yet only,becau(e It is My Beloved T)arling,l {eem'd(like an Old 
Doting Body ) to be Fond oiltj Co that when I had FiniJJj'd It, 
I Be-de&: It with Thefi Fine Rhimes, following 5 Fairly Written up- 
on each Belly , vi'z,. Eirli, Round the Theorboe Knot, Thus. 

I am of Old, and of GvQzt Brittain's Fame., 
Theorboe was My 'Name. 

( Then next, about the Vnnch Lute Kpot, Thusi ) 

Pm not fo Old ; yet Gra've^ and much Accute^ 
My Name roas the French Lute. 

( Then from thence along the Sides, from One Vjiot to the Other, Thm. ) 

But fince we are Thtf^ Joyned !Both in One^ 

Henceforth Our Name fhall be TheLuteDyphone. 

( Then again crofs-wife under the rbiorboe'Titot, Thus.^ 

Loe Here a PerfeB Emblem feen in M^, 

Of England, and o/Francc, Their Unity : 

Lihevpife * that Tear They did each other Aid^ 

I was Contri'v'd, and Thus Comphatly made. 
Anno Dom. i6yi. 

('Then ^Laflly; under the Fr«»ch-I«f«-I(.»flt, Thus. ; 

LiOVg hai>e we been Di'vided ', now made One^ 

We Sang in * Jth's, i Now? in Fw//Unifon. 

In This Firm Union, long may We Agree i 

No Unifon's /i% That of Lute's Harmony. 

Th^s in It's Body.^ 'tis Trim^ Spruce., and Fine ; 
But in It's Sfrit.^ 'tislih^ a Thing Divii\e." 



The Lute made Eajte, 



Z07 



mm 



m 



Concerning the 



o 



*/?♦!> 






THEORBOE. 




The niffe- 
rence between 
Ic,3nd the Old 
£>igli,h Lit!, 



Chap. XLII. 

HE Theorboe^ is no other, than That which we The Defcri- 

call'd the Old EngliJI) Lute 5 and is an Infim- ^^^^^^^^ '^'^ 

ment of fb much Excellency^ and Worth , and 

of fo Great Good Vfe, That in difpite of aU 

ticklenefs^ and Novelty^ It is ftill made ule of, 

in the Be^ Terformances in Mttftck.^ ( Namelj^ 

Vocal Mnftck, ) 

But becaufe, I ifaid It was the Old Englijl) Lttte^ It may be 

ask'd, Why is It not thtn fiillfi Call'dj but by the Name of the 

Theorboe $ 

I Anfwer, That although It he the Old Englifi Lute^ yet as to 
the Z)fe of It GeneraUyy there is This Tiifjtrence^.-'s'vt. The Old Lute 
3X>as Chiefly us' d, as vpe now ufe our French Lntes^ ( fo call'd'-} ) that 
is.) only to Vlay Lone-Lefons upon, 8cc. But the Theorboe-Lute is 
Principally usd in flaying to the Voice, or in Cotifort , Jt being a. 
Lute of the Largeji Seize 5 and vee make It much more Large in 
Sound, by coxi'Vi\v'm%\xm.Q Jt a. Long Head, to Augment and In- 
creafc that Sound, and Fulnefi of the Ba^esy or T)iapafins, which 
are a great Ornament to the Voice, or Confort. 

Now by this little that I have (aid, it may well be ask'd, (if 
It be an Inflrument of fitch PVorth ) Why is it not then made u(e Reafons,why 
of, as a Lute to perform fuch LeJJons upon, as are performed upon ^^^V^^.\ ■ 
the Lute? To which I Anfwer, for feveral Good Reafons. Irbn.^ 

Firji, This Great Lute , is of too large a Sciz>e for Juch Terfor- i/'f-Reafon- , 
wmces \ They being commonly of a Nimbler Jgitation , than 
Thofe Things which are mod ufually performed in Confort, or to 
the Voice- 

And admit that any the Alofi Nimble Things, which arc us'd 
in Confort, comQio be perform'd upon a Theorboe, you mufl: know, 
that That Tart has only the Ground, or Bafs, Chiefly to AU in, 
\vhich;cis (in All Con forts, or what Gcnsrally is made ) the Slorvefi 
Tart of Motion'-^ytX. if the Terfirmer upon theTheorboe,has a Quaint, 
and Skilful Command, both of his Injirument , and the Theoretical 
Order of Mufick^ he will flmv yon Agillity, and J^imblenefe enough, 
for yoHrGreat Content. But 



zog The Qytl Tart ; or. 



But as It is Ordinarily nfed. It is not an InHriment of That A- 
^ivJty and Sprit, (appearing) as It is Really and Truly inltjelfi 
and ^ts Capacity t capable of. 

Let This (uffice for one Reafon^ why it is not CalVd a. Lute^ or 
^ not put to That nfe of a Lejfer, or J fell Seized Lute, forfnch Nint- 

hie, and A^ive 'Ferforn/ances. 
i^.Reafon, The ^d. is This, that by Reafon of the Largemfs of It, we 
are conftrain'd to make ute of an OSlave Treble-String, that is, of 
a Thick^ String, which (imds Eight Notes Lower, than the String 
of a Smaller Lute, (for no Strings can be made ^o Strong, that 
will [[and to the Titch of Confort, upon jkch Large Sciz'd Lutes ) 
and for want of a Small Treble-String, the Life and Sprucenefs cf 
fuch Jyrey LeJJons, is^uiteloji, and the Jyre much altered. Nay-» 
J have known, ( and It cannot be otherwi(e ) that upon (bme 
Theorboes, they have been forc'd to put an OUave String in the 
id. Strings Tlace , by reafon of the very long Sci%e of the The- 
orboe, which would not bear a Small String to ItsTrue Titch 3 be- 
caufe of Its Cojreat Length, and the Necejjity of Jetting the Lute 
at fuch a High Titch, which muft Jgrce with the reft of the In- 
Tlruments. 

Truly I cannot tell, why It was (b called Theorboe 5 but for 
Thefe Reafons 3 the 1)iflinkion of Names, between Jt, and the 
Smaller Lute, may well enough be maintained, feeing It has Now 
got the Name. ( ee in Greek,, begins a very Bigh Name. ) 
A ^d. Reafon, Another Good Reafon I (hall give, ( which is notconfidered of 
by many) Namely, That Thofe very Long, and Long-Sounding 
'Diapafons, ( before mentioned ) are o^t&nGreat Jnconveniencef 
to the Compofitions of fuch Leffons, as are ufually made for Leffer 
Lutes, which have their T)iapafons in a Shorter, and more Tropof 
tionable Agreement with Th&fe other Treble, and Tenor Strings. 
inconveiiien- ^^"^ ^^ JO" "^^^t with a Lcjfon \v\\\ch. runs much with Quick:' 
cies, by Rea- Troportion'd Time, upon Thoje Long Bafes 5 you will find That 
fon cf too long (^yg^f Inconvenience before mentioned , which is, That the Former- 
^j'uotrb?-^ Struck:Bafs \vi\l Sound fo Strong, and fo Long, that the next imme- 
orboe. diately following, will be fo harfld, ( they Two Snarling together, OS 

Imiy fofay) that it will be as Bad, as FdlfeT)ifchording-Com' 
pofition, andvery Confounding. ' 

This Inconvenience (Here) is found Wfoti Trench Lktes,vA\tn 
their Heads are made too long 3 as (bme defire to have them ; be- 
C2i\x^c {'mdetd') Length of String, in any InEfrument , caufeth 
Bravery, and adds Lujhe to the Sound oj That String'., but if 
They did advifedly con^idtr This Inconvenience which I have «?e«- 
t toned. They would forbear fiich Contrivances 3 and choofe to 
make Their Lutes Artificially Troportionable, betwixt Their Baffes^ 
and Trebles ; which as to Compleat Terforntance, is Extream Need- 
ful. 

Now as to TlireSHons for T laying This Inflrument, you need 
tV.ePhying noue ; becaufe I have fiifBciently diredted the Way thereunto in all 
upon Che rbt- Particulars, in my Former T)ifcourje concerning the Lute 3 which 
"'■*"• ]^(iy ^nd Order:, you are toobferve \x\This ExaUly, inallTun- 

Uilioes 5 



The Lute made Eafie. 109 



ttiUoes i, and you may Play Lejfons upon It as Compkatly, as up- 
on the French Lnte'-) protided They hs^.Leffons proper, and he- 
earning the Gravity of Thk Itijlrnment , ( for it is very Improper to 
'J'laj L/ghrmd- Jiggijl) Things upon -It ) elpecially in regard of 
the Q&ancJlebU-^ which will not. give, you the Livelinefs of the 
Jyre, ixsyom Smaller Lutes ■hill do: Ytt you may make very £";«■-" 
ccllenf Things ttponix, ioT^lciy (ilofte, if you obferve the Scope of 
the Jn§irHmefit.h.nd indeed V have taken (b rnuch Tleafure in This 
Infirnraent^ in That T articular jr^^jThat I have made divers Things 
to It in That J^attire ; a Tafi whereof I fball Here-after (et you 
down '-y the Tlaying of which will enablp your Hand fufficiently 
for a better ufe of ft, in Shying aTart in ConfoKt <^ff__^,Baff^^ which 
is no Ordinary Tiece ofSkiUi --__L_.. .vi.:..r~f ^.•IT'^ 

T)ircBions unto which I (hall likewife (et down imkediately af- - 
ter what here follows. 

TheTh^Q^heTtining,. _ 



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a''a^cL^a^a 4 5 6 a^a^aL^a^a. 456 

And Here is T'/itf/ 0»e Only Leffon for your ff^Wjwhich although 
It (eem long, may be T)i-ijided (as it were) into 19 Several 
Strains 5 which you may perceive by the Taufes, and Double 
Barrs, I have made 5 and alfo (et figures at the Beginning of eve- 
ry Tlace: So that you may (if you pleafe) leave off at any of. 
Thofe Tlaces :, But I fet It Thus, to (hoW you the way and manner 
of Playing Ktf/^w^^rj, which you may Imitate, 

This Lejfon alone . will make your Hand Sufficiently for the 
whole Bufinefs of the Theorhoe, be It what It will. 

Therefore TraUice It well:, for I intend tofet no more to That 
Purpofe J for I Aim at Short Work^: Therefore He proceed to the 
DireBions of Playing a Tarih jour HandWmg (Trfl: made, there 
m\ihe»tHch LeJs7)ipculty'mThat. 

E e AFany 



ZtO 



The Cml Tan ; of. 



AFancy-Tr^lttde^ or Vokatarji 5 Stefficieizt Alone to make a Good Hand., Fit for 

AM manner ofTUy^ or ZJfi. 

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6" 



Chap. XLIII. 



'.I. 



I Remember, t^vomisSCome'Dire&iomfoT Tlaj/iftgtx'P art upon 
theTheorhoe ■■) which //ere fol/emug are fetdown. 

The firft Thing therefore, ( after the commanding of the /«- 
Jimmeftt, ill forae ToUcrabk ipay oi Readimff-i ( the which I (hall 
Jldvife you unto, ^c. } ij.ow are to know your Notes upon eve- 
ry String. andStop^ according to, the Scale of Mujtck.-, viz.. the 
Gam-ut. -^-•— '— ' - • " : r— 

Therefore that you may know Tyde;)/ 5 Jrlere (under) ftand 
All the Notes of the Scale^ ( according to Song ) in one Crder , 
And beneath Them the fame Notes^ Letterwife , as we ufe Them 
upon the Theorbos. 



ffi- — 




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Oamuc 
Proper. 



>i 



a-^a^a^a 4 5 ^• 



Thele are the Natural Notes of the Scale, the Sixth String be- 
ing Generally us'd for Gam-nt, upon a FnlJ-Scizd Lnte ^ but up- 
on Zwfex of a Smaller Seize, which will not bear up to Spea^ 

Thmpljy 



The Lute made Ea/ie, z 17 



Tlumply, or Luflily ^ according to a Confirt-Titch-^ then we 
make the ph. String Gam-nt , as here in This next Vnder-Line 
you may (ee. 





a ^ 7)1 j^ *c 




a & a 1 


a 


r I 


a r d 


1 


a f li 


1 



Gam-ut-y 8cc. for a Lefs Lute. 

But becaufe the Sixth String is moft Generally us'd for Gam-ut •-, 
and al(b it is bed for your TraBice, to u(e a Z^rge, and / nll-Sciz'cl 
Lute. I will purfue the Bufinefs in that Tropcr, and zw^^ Rightful 
way, making the 6th. String Gam-ut. 

Now you muft know, Ihat He who would be a CompleatThe- whacisnc- 
orboe-man, muft be able to underftand Compofition--^ ( at leaft) fo "fl^jryiora 
much of It, as to be able to put Trwef/jordfw together, and alio to knoviT""^ 
Falje, in Their proper Tzwe/, and'F laces ■■) and likcwile to know, 
how to make all manner of Clofcs Jmply^ and Tropcrly. 

And to Jjfifl you in That Tarticular, I (hall only refer you to .*^ 

Mr. Chriftophcr Simpfon^s Late, and very Conipleat Jiorks ; where 
you may inform your felf fufficiently in That Matter, who hath 
fav'd me a Labour therein ; (for had It not been already fb Ex- 
«Uly done by Him, I fhould have faid (bmething to It, though ( it 
may be) not fo much to thepurpolc 5 ) But my Drift is not to 
Clog the World with any thing that is already done , efpeciall Co 
Well. 

My i^»/7»e/} (hall be, (to fave you much labour in finding out 
all the Chords) and to give a Qujckjight of Them, ifi. according 
to their Natural Agreement, in 5^/V, 5/A'/ (^th's, and ^th's. Sic. 
And then to ftiow you. Examples o^ Clofes, ox Cadences iov evcxy 
Key 5 which when you can Readily perform, from off a Song- 
Note, you may be faid to be a ToUerable Terformer in a Confort, 
upon This Tnftrument. And Ibme there are, who cannot Compofij 
yet by doing Thus, pais for very good Tlieorboe-Men. 

But ftill you muft further know. That the Greateji Excellency TheGreareft 
in Thk Kind of TerfornUncty lies, beyond whatever ^ireUions Excellency 
can be given by /?«/?, ■. ,, m3.ThtorbM' 

The Rule is an Eafie, Certain, and Safe Way to walk by 5 but 
He that fliall not Tlay beyond the Ride, had (omerimcs better be 
Siknt ':, that is, He muft be able (together with the Ride J to 
Lend His Ear, to the Jyre and Matter of the Compofition Co, as 
( upon very many Occafions ) He muft forfake His Aule ; and in- 
(tead of Conchords, pafs through all manner of Difiords, according 
to the Humour of the Cojapofi4ions¥ie ftiallmeet with. 

This r/^///^ will require a Qidck^Tlifcerning Faculty of the Far^ rhwg.^cquw 
an Jble Hand ^ and a Good Jmgment. The i i?. of which muft ht *'''^ '" * 7*^- 
given in Name ; the 2 !aft will come with TraUice, aqd Care. '"■^»«-*«- 

Ff I will 



iiS 



The Chil Tart - or. 



I will now proceed, and lil, let you (ee all the Chords s- Harm o- 
n/cal, upon every Key^viz, o,d's, ph's, 6th's, and Bth's 5 To which 
pLirpofe, take ^ViewofThefe follovcing Lines. 



earn- uc Sharp. S: 



Al! theNatu- 
ti\ Stops pro- 
per to Gim- 
ut^ wirli Its 
Sharp-Third. 



A fljeorboi is 
incompleat, 
without It 
carries 16 
Strings. 



-^. 



a 



a a 



^cia_ 



ajx a a 

r r r r r r r 



.a_ajj_(b_hjL>_h 



a aasssssssss 



\ \ I \ \ I 



s s s s r_r ^ 



r r r r \ \ r \ ^ 11 1 1 



All Thefe Stops are proper to G^m-nt^ confider'd in Its Sharp 
Thirds Fifth, and Eighth , and you have Liberty to ute which of 
Them you pleafe, when Gam-ut requires no other Chordes^ 

Befides, to amplifie Gam-ut at any time 5 if It be a Long Note, 
you may put to It the Greateji Long T>iapaJonj which we call 
7)ouble-GajM'Ut : Which String I have added to all my Theorboes-^ 
though very many, either want It, ( as h^v'mg but 2^ Strings :,) 
or elle when they would have It, they are fain ( to do, as they do 
in the New Tuning of the French Lnte ) make an unhandfom Skip\ 
or Halt UDto It, by Timing their laft Bafs a Note Lower ; by which 
means they take away, and want double Ayre , which is a very 
Brave Ornament to the Theorboe. 

Therefore I fay, a Theorboe cannot heCempleaty if it have not 
16 Strings --i (b, as that from the Gam-ut String, there may be a per- 
feft Gradual T^efcent of a Compleat Eighth'm 'Diapafons ; which is 
very Ornamental, and VJefnl in a Lute : Concerning which Thing, 
I have (poken more largely, in that 'Device I made, to Tiijiingutjj) 
betwixt the Two French-Lute-Tunings, in p. 203. 

Now fee Gam-ut with Its Flat Thirds^ with all Its Stops ufual. 



Gam-ut Flat. 



a 



a 






g g ?f h ?) ? ) h h h a d 



a aa 



1 I I 



J_J- 



~nnr 



I 



I I I 



S S S S S S' 

r r 



*c. 



HereTheyare, p-- 

with Its Fkt — ^r r r^f 

Third. --jiig jT-TrrT aaaaaaaaa aaaa a a a a aaarSTa 

All Thefe arc proper to Gam-ut Flat: That is, When Gam-ut 
has the Third above It, (vi%. B-mi ) Flaf-^ (as It is Sharp, by 
reafon oiUsThird-T lace- Sharp above It:) Which may mCompofttions 
be either FUty or Sharps according to the pleafure of the Com- 

pofer- 

Therefore TJ&^ns one of the Main Things yon are to regard in 

A Flat or ^^^ ^py^^ ^^^^ whether your Third(to any A'cj'^be Flat, or Sharply 

fchKf Thing cither according to the Nature of It, as It ftands Fix'd in the 

toberegar- ^^ale-, ov el(e according to theZz^7«|, ot Humour of the Compo- 

■*"*■ /er, as he win F(?m //. 

•^ .'; This 



The Lute made Eafie. 



119 



This next Line (hall (how you A-fe^ with all Its g^/V, 5^///, 
and 8/^V, Natural. 



::$:: 



A- re Flat arsj. 
Sharp. 



Thus with Its Flat-Third. Thus with Its Sharp-Third. 



r r r r 



rr_ 



r r r r r r r r r ii_ 



-C_r_r_r__r_r_ 



t><b(i' gy"(2>"(L > { Qj <i> <b \i <L (L t> t> jj < b Z> (b <b 

a a a. a <b(b<L i I (b\\WZ6'_G>jbjjjjjj_\ i 

rjr^ r r r r r r r r r r'w'r rrrrrrrrrrr 



The next Key is B-»ii^ which isaiTeyleldora or never T'/rfj' ^i 
upon, ( as the Troper Key of the Soiig or Z e^on \ ) however you 
will have occafion to ufe It in Its ^d's, 5^/6'/, and Sth's {bmetimes. 
Therefore Here It is (et you. 



Thus with Its Flat-Third. Thus with Its Sharp-Third. 



(b (LJb_t> 

_C>JL_(L'JL'JJ/JZ/JLl. 



r s s s .f s s s Si 



t> <b e- 



f? ff I S <9 



r r 



J ^_L 



\9c9 cj>il'?)7)?>" 



c9 ) c9 I 



B-mi N':ittiril 
Flat and 
Sharp. 



r s a s a <9 s <9 ss 



ML,<b^<L<L'bhti<i)<lj (LQj <LII t><b (L> Qj (i> <L (b (L <L> <b <b <b 

And becaufe B-fMiFUt is a ^e^, us d for xh^Key of a J^w^, or 
Lepn^ ( and indeed is a very Brisk^^ and Sprightly Good Key to 
Perform in) I will here let It down, as I have done the others, 
with Its '2,d's^ $th's, and Bths. 

B'tni Flat' 



tfit 



Thus with Its Sharp-Third. 



3. 



'ari \ a a al) ms "^t 7> li 



II 



6' e 'ee ejELfi^J^ s_s^_s_sj 11 

aa.aa.GLGL a, ols S _S_S s\\ 

rr_r_r_r_r_ : l ^s^s_c sw <p<f <p s s_ s_s 



Thus with Its Flat-Third. 

^ 7> Tt 7>^ ^ 



a as <f s s s 



_QjJLJbJj ij 
i_ 'f S_ S' 

1 ~ r 



7i7> 7^ 7> ^ ^^ 7> 7) -"a ?) ^ ^":?) -^ ^ ^11 7)'^ 'a ?> '^ '^^ 'i^ ^an^li -a i) ^^ 



C-Fa-ut-Key is next, and is a Af(3^ Noble, Generous, and Heroical 
Key, fit to Exprefs any thing o^ Magnanimity, and Bravery upon. 

And therefore Turn over to It. 



Ff 2 



r-;a-«f 



IZO 



The Chil ^art : or. 



C-fa-Ht Sharp and Flat. 



Thus with Tts Sharp-Third. 

as s s aa s s 



Thus Tpith Its Flat-Third. 
aa a s s aaas 



r r r r r 


r r r_s_sj\ 
"•~'^7^ h bii 


6'ff6' 


ee s s i s 

i 


S S J-' 


'3 'd '^ 'd d 


ryes' 


r r r r r i 


I h ii r r r r » 


1 h h 


aaaaaa ' 


aaaaa 


aaaaa 


iliiiijcia a a 


aaa 











i \ 



7?-fol-re-FLit atid Sharp. 



&^ 



Thm iriih ^is Tlat-Third. Thus with Its ^harp-Third. 



^aaadao. aJJ" 

^_« ri a_ a ^l_ / I 

r r"r r 



r r r r r r r 



a. aa.aa.._(b.<L..(Ltf Qy <bjj_ 
I _JLt> t> 



aaaaa 



F-r- ?=-r-r~rr~r Ti r r r r r r r r r r r r r r 



m: 



E-la-mi Flat and Sharp. \ ■+'L'0- W- 



:$3== 



'7'/6/«' JP//Z» ^i^J- Flat-Third. Thus veith Its Sharp-Third. , , 



(IQjIj aaa 



e^ _e> (Lr ei. 



r r r eg c j> j> c9 eg 
rrrr .hhhh 



u£L 



i 



-fTnrr i i n?^?) ts is _ \. s h 



F-ft-ut Sharp and Flat, 



mi—=z- 



=i: 



' :.'-!- )T~r:' 



77i«j a^^/5' '^tsJharp-ThJrd: , Tj^wj ?f?S^ ^^f-r Flat-Thipi. 



.V_v9 









-^^o^' I aa%L ZJj-^M^^Ji j;$ ^ y^^^O y I;'^:hz 

:-/7 ^ V7 g g g^ ^ .? cz g. ^j^^ II I IJ I g g c^ g g c^ .^^ 



' Thus I have given you a fight of the moji Fawiliar Stops quite 
through the ■mhole Inftruntent^ proper for Thefe 7 Chordes , which 
7 /^'W are all vi^e have in the whole Nature of Mupck^ Naturally 5 
for as I faid, in my Former 'Difiourfe, when you come to the 
Eighth^ you are come but as to the lif. Toint^ or 'Flace where 
you began. 

Now the adding a T:i(ipafon to any o^ JllThefe, will both give 
o^dreater Lujlre, and alfo add more Variety-, and be a Caiife of 

Greater 



The Lute made Eafie. 



Zl\ 



Greater Freedom, and Advantage for the H<?W, in many Cajes, 
which you will meet with. As for Example, See in This next 
Line, what Bravery^ and Variety there is, only in This Keyoi 
F-fa-ut, being the Lajl Line I Set you ; And that the Addition of 
One 'Diapafon has givenyou above a Double Number o'l Stops-, 
and divers more could I find, which I forbear. 

-This isao-fia^ll Cmjtder-ation to' the Faje and Advantage of 
Lme--rtay:-, ^""-^^ ^. 

F-fa-ut Augmented by Its Diapafon. 

'. . r.frj.frrrr.f r r 

, 'jyd_ ?)?) ?> d ?) ?) ^3 '^ '^> "^33 

a a a <i ^ a a_3 ?»_3 '^ ?» T) 3j>33._JO-IS ?»_a_a ?).?) a. a 

a a a a a a <L <b fc"^ a a <b.€_(i> z> da a da a^g_g g a a a ^<- 

a asas^ssss s as a dad \ \ l \ aaa i a .. 

I r r rrti rir r r 

a a a a a a a a a aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa 

V^hus may you fee, what an Exceeding Great Advantage It is '11:3) 
to have Thefe Diapafins added unro Otir I utes j which as I (aid 
ifi the Beginning of This Book}, is one Canfe that the Z/z/e is be- 
come far more Eajie, than It was in Former Times, when they had 
but half fo many Strings to Tlay upon. 

Befides, the Jf;firument\svi\2idieThereby far more J Utdirious, and 
AW^, than ever It was in the Old Time. 

Now by the Example ofThk LaU Line, you may your (elf 
Examine the whole Lute in aWltsVarietiesy with Eafe--^ for it is 
too much trouble for me to go through the whole Number of 
Stops, through all the Keys in Thk manner: But! hope This Hint 
may fiiffice to (et you to Workjy which will be al(b much more ^vherein lies 
^Profitable for you; for what is Gaind by your own JnduUry, and the Grtatcft 
Experience, will be ten times more Advantaaious to you, than ^'^°^"^' 'Ij^.'^' 

f7~,.>^'r-- c r> y r J ^ tt i vantage (or a 

-uijcaurje, or (eemg or a Bujinefs done to your /T'^wrf. Learner. 

7^^ laji very Line may be a fufficient Argument^ and 'Demon- ^^a^ pijTe- 
Miration, to prove the F^ Diprence between the Lutes di This re nee, and 
0«r 7/«?e, and Tho[e of Former Times , and that we have Infinite u °"vvktThe^ 
Advantages of Them, both for .r<r<7/)e, Z"^/-, and Freedom ; and Lutes W our 
Principally above all t, Our Lutes, muft needs SoundmoxQ L ivelily, Time, and 
Brisk, and Cle^r, in regard we are not 'Pe/erW through Neceffity, IT/Timlu' 
to Stop Cnch Difficult CvoCs Full-Stops, which They were Com- 
pelled unto, to produce Variety, by Reafon of fuch a (mall Number 
of Strings. 

The «exf TT*/";?^ lie (et you down, (hall be to (how you the 
way of Amplifying your Tlay, by Breaking your Tarts, or J>(7/?/, 
in way of Dividing-Tlay upon Cadences, or 67(?/ej ; which is J^'^Amplifir^ 
one of the moji Compleat, and Commendable Terformancesui^omyoatnay, 
Theorboe in T laying of a 'P^r^ 

And to make the who!e Bufinefs Compendious,znd Short, learn to 
do It upon This One Cadence well, and ( by It ) you may do the 
like your felf (by Oi'^ery^fif^w J upon all the other. 

And Here JtAs in Gam-utClofi. 



U...J- 



XX% 



The Cml Van ; or. 



I 2 



:^--- -=^^— ^ 



^ J ' " 
a a a a 






:^ 



-^_ 



aa\a\\ a a la (I a _^ _._ 

"r a\ rii To r r ii r'? > raa^i r 

"r ^ rr II r r_ <p i r _ii r g. r r d^ i r 

' ririi r • i rji r i 

ygii i.g ii 



dJ J J J/ 

a .__ 

a \a n 



a 



•d r "oTv 



(L • r 



I la gi 



!Z;[!«^ Fldit. Pl^i" Cadence. 



0a 6 

Ihe Clofe Broken. 



Another way. 






r^rrr:: 



g a g_ 



I'J^S-J'f J 



a 



Tg I 

"^ •• ?^ I > r 
I 



ji_a ij na a 

r ni • 



r»g I 



?> --^ r I g g • •• 7) I r 



-Ol 



^ 



r rii 
'r II- 



r I r-Tj? 



ni 



<^g 



"I <^.™.3_JI^- 

6 



IC 



l_L 



_a_ii 



^g 



Vivifion upon It. 



5_ 



:$=:==r:: 



~± 



-^- 



ci r (L cf h^_^f g ^ r g 



7^^r a 



L 



11. 



a 



g gy r g a 



-P: giL 
rr II 



e/ - g 



'2r_( 



r r II -I 



g 



11 

"II g 



^g 



8 






^1 



J./ J / J"-/ 



g_ 



_g_rL2^_<z> 






—a \a. i! fi- 

gT'^ • "rr __ii. -^ 



■f • I s •• .f (L I g 
•_:__?) I r 



g a 

'ad J g?) r i 
rii • ra i 



X •• i.c 



J I 



I JL 



I l_ 



I r r II I 



Z 



J_S IL 



_g_ 



T g_ 



I 



g 



<^g 



^a 



QV 



^ J^ 



:=:i: 



„ - . 






^1 



J 



a ( b r g_ 



g, 



r 



__t ^~Iri~'^ " .f •• c?v •• r •• t <i> r a 

n 7>>rgi r r'r i i -_ ! : — ij • ?) •• r •• ^ 



II 



T 



J^ 



I I r 



■^^ 



g 



ig 



I 



The Lute made Eajte. 



ZiJ 



lO 



II 



&- 



:=?: 



^■=.~ 



J 

a 


U ^ J' d 

a a a 




a 


II • Qjr iQjT a a a a a a i a a. w 




r 


11 •• • I • •• 'd •• '^ •• ?) •• 7) ■• 7> •• 7» r a 1 r r r ii ._. 




r 


11 1 ....... 1 r r r 11 






fi . 1 1 v-- II • 11 





a II g 
6 



!«- 



^a 



II 



& 



Ii 



¥ 



i 



_b >f h ( Lar e/ r r 

I • J ^~1/ r g I g an a" 



g a 



^ ^/ 



g 



g 





1 


• -^ r 


rii r- 


g 1 gv 




1 


• 


riir- 


r r- r- j>/p 




ir - — 


1 1 


r II --^ 


r- a r- r 


g 


) 


\a 


u 





^a 



^g 



i:^:- 



15 



i 



H 



^i 



^. 



;g^^l^i^ 



d J* 



/j^ 



J J* ;^ i* 



g_ <b h <L_ r 



_g. 



g (L» g 



r 11 



r 

r I I 
g n g 



< b J .g> 1 g g/ r g gii . g J a 

s •• • ir a^r g rii • r ?> •• >r 7i 



_g ^ 



jt: 



ni I 



_L 



\a 



rii 



aiig 



^g 



^g_ 

6 ^d^d 



5F.- 



=*^ 



15 



ig 



Et= 



/Ai^ 



^ J /. /■ 





\a a a a a a a \ 


all 


1 




JF ■- 


- "h 


■■ 7i ■■ a •• 7) •• 7f •• '^ • ^^•• ^t)r gif 


n 




yff • 


. . . . ( • r 


ri 1 








r 


•^ 1 T 


. n 


g 


r 






• •" 


gi g 









r6- 



S-: 



i 



m 



jjja r <L I g 

• •• -t r 

LC 






M/ 



lAlir 



g 



^g \\__ _g . ._ 

i r >r7>" II r • r r •• r i r g g r 



T 



I 



Ii 



l£_i 



I 



ir 



d 

gii 
~rii 



t g. 



JXi 



Q I 



I ^~- gl I a 

Idj^ g g I) 



^a 



^C£ 



Turnover fir the lyth. Variety. 



z?4 


The C^yil Tart 


; or. 


.^'■. ■ 


17 


:_-=n=fc=_ 


ps=^^_4=3 




18 


_ 4, _ 


■■ — -^ J 


* , " 


t — -^— q 
J' J 


..^ — I — __: 
a a(L 


J t r ar_i)r 


la 

I- '^ r ar a'r 

( • 


1 J (la a • T 
1 7i r a arl ■ rii r r 1 


1 


) r — r •• -ir r nir r 1 


1 1 1 • 1 • J • r n 1 


a 


a 1 la II a 1 






19, 



r r 



J (] 



:^^: 



i 



a a 



_a . 

a a a\a y s (b r (b r a r 



'■ itv'"^ — 



^ 



J>-/ 



a aj_r_ 



a a__j___ 

I r r *<? I r ■ 11 

r r g I • ar rir " 



e.: 



l a II g 



^a 



^g 



'^ 



■^ 



1 r 



<p • 



a r '?) 



a_ 



-a 



20 



Sr=:=:::=:r:r:: 



:$::== 



:i=z:z: 



i 



;^E 



-^- 





g 


r r 


J J 

e/ r g _^ 


11 av 


g-' 1 


- .^Qj-:. • <Lv 


.-f " .f -'/If •• j>.na- .a"~ir 


^c II r-- 


r- I 


J^- d-- 


- - •■ ■ • ' ■•- _-^.ir., r u. 


r ri r • 




• > _ ' 


., ^^;: _ ._ --;ir r it ; 






'^^^ f ^""^ 


r <=^ -J 'L- 11 


II g 






g i| g II 



^g 



21 



^=$= 



sf^ 



:~_^: 



S^ 



. ^ — - --— ■ 



a 



a g 



_a_ 



ar_ 



a r-P rvlg__„a.g_. aia. 
r^=rf-^£32ir?)Oa^ <iv a_jgvir 



11 II 



rri 






r- r 



_g_g- 



ir_n- ! ir_-fi 



'11 11 11 IT"' 



I 



gg 



11: 



<^a 



A Rnht Cbfervame of Thefe 21 Varieties , will enable you 

to do the like upon all Oofes, 01 long Notes m any Key. - 

"^Therefore L may late: mich. Uhouv Jp^Ejxe/^plifxtmWmfiM 

other /\ e/. --, »— -. . -. ~ifjr'r"^"~"'V^i.-! "TT" ^ 

^ I' i N:ow btciufe I !\v6urd1mve"3jS«-fPr4L eomplcatjy able - to 
-iiianage you -te-^/^jrW^^yf iipo&tiie Ji&wr^e, wkfcout the.?:^. 



The Lute inade Rape. 



.a^ 



Zl 



5 



or Knorpkdge of any other 5 Take only Thefe Fcrv FoUomng Obfer- 
vations 5 which with ^hat I have already iaid, and you connot 
mi(s of It. 

Fn the firfl: place therefore you are to Tah§ Notice of your Key^ 
which you muft Examine for, and find from the Clofe-Note of the 
Safs-^ for that is ( or ought certainly to be) tht Key. 

Secondly^ Obferve whether It be a Sharp, or a Flat Key ; which 
you {hall know by the Third above your Key. As for ExamjJle, 
If Gam-ht be the Key 5 and if no Flat be (et in B-mi : then It is 
call'd a Sharp Key, in refpeft that the Third to the Key '\sTvpoFhU 
Notes ; but if the Third be but a Note and a Falf'-y then 'tis call d a 
Flat Key ; and for That Caufi is the General Cnjlcm of calling a 
Key Flat or Sharp. 

^dly. Take notice what Chorde's you are to put ( Generally ) 
to every Keji^-, and bearing in your mind, that ybu have but 7 
Keys to trouble you, your Work^ will be the more Eajie, and (Tip^?- 
fortable. 

Thole 7 i^ej/j-, or 'DiUd'nces, as they are us'd in Cor/ipofitiot?, go 
by the name of Chords, viz. a Vnifon, id. ^d. ^th. <^th. 6th. and 
yth. And whereas you have heard talk of an ^fh. ph. lof/j.&c. 
They are but as the very (ame before Repeated, viz. an Eighth^ 
is as an Vni[on, the ph. as a 2<5?. the loth. as a 3^/. So that your 
Bujinefs will be no more, than to underftand the Right nfe of the 
7 Chords. 

Now yqu muft know, that the (ame Ge»erd'/i?K/ejdonothold 
to all the Notes of every ^<«/f for if Gam-ttt be your Key, ( or 
Whatlbever be your Key ) there will be Two of the Seven, dt 
leaft, excepted froni the General Rule , as Thus. 

Your General Rule for Uniting of F*arts, is This, That to e- 
very Note of your Bafs, ( except what you (Iiall have excepted 
agaTnft)you may put a 3^. 5/^. and 2ith. or to (bme,but One,or Two 
of Them ; ( which Number 3 are all that Nature affords us Single, 
at the lame time.) And there are Generally, 5 of the 7, which are 
Thus to be obferved •-, but the other 2, moft commonly, are not to 
have the 5#A. but a 6th. 

Now that you may know which Thofe Two are certainly 5 you 
are to take notice, xhty zxc Thofe Two mxh^ Scale-Natural, which 
arc immediately under the 2 Half Notes, viz,. B~mi is the one, and 
E-la-mi is the other. Yet alfb, if at any time, you meet with an 
Artificial, or Forced Half Note, ( that is ) which is only made fo, by 
reafbn of a Sharp added unto It j as for Example, If Gam-ut be 
your Key, and F-fa-at (hall be made Sharp ■> then that Sharp Note 
is properly capable of a 6th. as well as thole other 2 Naturals^ 
arid Co o{ all other fuch Forg'd Sharp Notes of your Bafs, at any 
Time. 

Nor do I mean,that upon neceffity you muft always u(e the Fifth 
in all other Notes, excepting fuch as Thefe •■, but (bmetimes you will 
have oceafion to ufe the Sixth in any Key ^ but your Eye and 
Ear muft be your Chief Guids : Yet you muft never begin nor 
end a Strain with a Sixth, nor make any Full Clofe with It, in 

G g the 



How to know 

vcur Jicy. 



How to know 
tvhethcr It be 
a Flat or Sharp 
Key. 



How the 
Work will be 
made much 
Eafietjthan tc 
is Imagined. 



The G&neral 
Rule for Uni- 
ting ofParfs, 
in Compofi- 
tion. 



Concerning „^^_^_^ 



the i5fk when 
It is to be ufed 
Generally. 



z%6 The Cml Tart ; or, 



the midft of any Strain , but ever in Tajjing-wife 5 yet I find, 
that it is many times very T leaf ant to Tdufe upon a Sixth, in the 
Nature of a Falje Chjefbm all that while of the Taufe, you may 
obferve, there is ftill an Expectation of (bmething to follow, as an 
Appendix to the foregoing Matter 5 which when it comes in, is 
the more wellcom, by reafbn of that Seeming 'Defraud, or Long 
j^bfence '■> and (to my Content) it is one of the ^a^ j? Handfom 
Cheats, (as I may (ofay) ox CozeningsmTerformances : That is, 
to Infinuate, or make you believe you (hall hear a fdl Clojej but 
'"^ with a Fall-off into a Six, or fbmetiraes fome other way, ( as I 

fhall (how you by Example, when I come more Tarticularly to Ex- 
planation ) you deceive Their ExpeUations, ( which is often very 
Taking, and EJandfom. ) • 

There is One Ohjervation more, for the General nfe of the 
Sixth , viz. It is proper , and Vfual to put It to the ^d. Note 
above the Key, whether That Note be Elat or Sharp j yet with 
Reference to your Intended j4yr. 

If'tivF-rurfs ^''^^^ ^°" ^•'^ ^° ^^^^ AW/ce, That (if a thorow Ba:fs be 
nver theNctes Rightly Ordered ) you (hall find in ail )BLices of Exception, certain 
of the Eafs. Figures fet over the Heads of the Bafs-Notes, viz- from g to 7 3 
which are to inform you, That to fuch a Note there muft be fuch a 
chord or Chords put, as Thofe Figures Flint unto, viz. If the Figure 
7, then a Seventh ; if the Figure 6, then a t5/x?^ , If 7 6, then a 
Seventh, and a JVxf^ f, and fo of all the Re^. 

And fbmetimes TZi^/e Figures (hall have a F/4* or Sharp fet with 
them •-, which )[how,that (uch Chords muft be likewife f /^^ oxSharp. 
Thefe Obfcrvations being well Noted, you may go forwards to- 
wards )^our Jforl{. 
V{\^\lfofz -^"'^ further^ That a JV^^/c F/4* or Sharp fet above any Note 
sha^rpoverthe of your Bafs, Without a Figure, fignifie, that fuch a Third is re- 
NoteofaBafs. (^ixcd. to That Note. 

The i7<?* 77»z>^ is only One Note and a H^/^ as is betwixt A-re, 
and C-fa-ut, 'D-fol-re, and F-fa-ut. 

The ^y^^rp 7/&7W is always 2 F»Z^ AW/, as is betwixt Gam-uf, 
and B-mi j C-fa-ut, and E-la-mij and F-fa-ut, and A- la- mi-re y 
and you may u(e which of Thofe you pleafe in your Compojition. 

But take Notice, That no H^/fATtf/e/ will agree together, Co 
that although I faid, you might u(e which of Thofe Thirds you 
pleas'd 5 you muft know, that you are ever to obferve the Natu- 
ral Order of the Scale, both for Sharp and Flat Thirds f, and you 
muft never Clafh, fb as to put a Flat Third, and a Sharp Third 
together at the fame time, or of any other Chord, in their O&aves. 
tionofi -itVs, You will do Well alfo to avoid the Confecution of Fifths and 
and J ith'sio Eighths-^ which although they be very TrSe Chords, (and indeed 
be avoided. ^^^ ^^^ Z«/Zw«/ oneshiox which caufe They are called the TerfeSt 
Chords ) yet we account it not compleat, to let 2 oi the fame 
Kind move together in any 2 Joyning Notes. The Reafon is. 
They are too Lujl3iom,ox Cloying,\ik.e too much of any SweetThing. 
Concerning Jhe next Thing (hall be to inform you concerning the Cadence j 
the cadence, ^j^j^ij jg always us'd at the Conclnfion of a Song, or Strain, and 

often- 



The l^ute made Eafie. 



117 



oftentimes in the Midji -■, and ^own certainly by the Falling of ,^£^ 

the Bafi a Fifths or Rijing a Fourth 5 both which Signifie thejamc 
Thing : They both palling into the fame Key^ or Letter of the. 

Now This Cadence,\s as it were the Summing up^ Sroeetning., or jhe meaning 
Compleating oi' the whole Story ^ ox Matter foregoing'-^ ovTeriodoi of a Cadence, 
(bme Sentence Intended , and indeed is the very Choicefi^ and Mojl ^^ 
Satisfa&ory Delight in all Mufick^ C nothing fo Sweet dnd'Delight- 
ful, as a Sweet Cloje or Cadence. 

And that^^DU may not be "Deficient at 2lE)<«f, take AW/VeHere, 
how It is to be ^Performed. 

In which 'Performance, are always a Mixture of Conchords, and 
Thifchords together , as you may perceive by That Example of 
r/^j, a Httle before (et you, where the /!^ih. is Bound In with the 
^d. and 5/A. Thus. 

The 3<^. coming in after the /i^th. muft always be Sharps at a '*^ 



i 





d J 




CL\ a a 1 




ri sa a Ti\ r 


1 


ri4r 3^ 1 r 






1 r 1 


1 


ai /la 


1 




<^a 





You may likewife make Thff Clofe or Cadence, by Joyning to 
the Fourth and 3<r/, a 7f/>. 6, and 5 ^ or 6, and 5. 
Thus for Example. 



^^^Eiig 



3K: 



^ 



J 





d J 

a. 


a i 


•11 
er 5 a am 
4r 4r 3^ rii 


a \ 1 ail 


r *'d 1 7^ 


_r3rj «r ja 1 ?a«r?a cjl 
r ri 4r3/P4ri 3/p4f^4r3/p m 


(LI r 


r r r II 


7<Li r r rii 


I ^ 


- . , .aw 


a 1 rzii 



«^a 



**a 



^a <!*a 



Remember always, when you ufea Sharp Third, if you then 
make ufe of the Sixth following, let it be Sharp j Co likewife a 
Flat Third, and a Flat Sixth. 

Thefe jth's and Sth's, in a Binding way, as I do here (et Them 
arc only proper, when you have Notes of Gravity,zx\d Long Clofes, 
viz. Sewibreves, or Minims •-, but (eldom upon Short Crochet-Clofes. 

See y/jf/e Tiptf lajl Examples. The Former I have given you 
with a great deal of Variety 5 your felf do (b by Thefe. 

Thus may you fee what a Cadence is. And after Z/S/V Manner 
may you perform It upon anv of the A>j',f. But left That Trick, 

G'g.^ (bould 



A General 
Rule for the 
Flat or 5 harp 
SiKth. 



zz8 



The Chil Tart- or„ 



fhould be too long in finding out, Tie give you Thefe Two UJi 
Fxaffiples upon another Key ; which when you (ee the manner of 
doing, all others will be the more Eajie. 



J 



J J 



a 



The fame up- 
on another 
Key. 



a a 




r'*'3 1 77) < r 1 f a a 1 r II r J r 6 r^a ^a^ cs a 




(M r n r r 1 rii 7<b r r 


r 11 


1 1 I ail a 


a li 


1 1 a 1 li a a 


II 



^a 



This /^^ Line is the very fame in Chords and Je»re, as is that 
other above, only 'tis in C-fa-ut-Key , That being in Gam-nt. 

So that you may perceive, It is an Eafte Thing to find out the 
Chords^ as well in one Key^ as in another, and Good Order of Tlay, 

Here follows the moft ufijal manner of taking the Sixths to any 
J>1ote, when Notes Jfcend or T)ej'cend, in This Gradual Manner^ 
as you fee the Bdfs doth. ' 

I will fet you Two Several J f ays of Breaking your 'Parts upon It; 
for your Better Fx^eriencf-^tho. if/.is not (b much Broken^zstht 2d. 
76 6 6.666^ 6 76 



&•' 



^iP^SM^H^^ 



a a 



-<2_r>a_ oar 



1 air 'da 


' m- 


• 1 (b- 


Z> ■■ail 


'd'^ri 'c)a*)r''e-r 


?» • 


r \a • 


'^ ' rii 


r • fl • 1 r • a 1 r (b 




1 


rii 


a r i(?/ 1 




1 


rii 


1 1 




1 


aii 



6 6 76 6 y6 6 6 43 
^ a ^ 



a a\ 



I 



al 



a 



r a~i r • "g • I rir< P r 



g g/r 



J' 



t< 



e. 



|g 



I 



«^ 



g 



~ a-^a a 

A Second Variety upon the fame Notes. 



r rT r~~Ti 



a 



'a 



a a 


amr a Tir a , , 


•?> ?) r ^i^ g '• '^ •: % 
r ■■ a. ■' \ r ■■ g • 


\ r ■• - '^ •• • 
r '^ \ <b r 


ar ' i 1 ' 4/ 




1 


a r (L 



a a 



<^^a^a. 



a 



7i •• 7) 



r ^ 



SL 



g r <LX a _g 



?) 



I 



Qj •• 



J>- 



g 



J 
_g_ 



g|g 7) r g 



_g L 



g 



(Lir 






I r_i_:__i:_'s_n_g r 11 

r • " ' r \i 



The Lute made Eafte. 



119 



J^ 



a a a \ 



rT) 



?) I 



JlO- 



_al__ JAA3 ."Q.^-Ci ^ •• ^ 

I r g • I • • 



r r I r • r 



• 




• 


1 


e^r 1 a 








: 1 • 


a 


J^ 




1 






(L- 




ir 


J* 


a -^a 






(J 




■ 


a 






a 


a di r 




r 


11 




• 




r ? 


7) 


'?> ■■ 7tr -IT) 




7) 


II 




'S^ 


r 


• 




1 • • J 


a 


r 
a a 


11 
II 






• 






J 1 










4 


a 1 






II 





a ^a 



a 



^a. 



There is Iikewife another way of ufing the Sixth, when your 
JSlotes fall after This Manner, as is fet you in This next Example. 
But in all {uch, or other Various Cafes, as (hall happen, your 
ChiefDirel^or mu[i be your jF^r 5 for -without a7)iligent I^egard 
to the Tarts, That way, your i?«/ej Will often deceive you. 
6 6 6 6 6 6 76 45 



^ 



J 






:=:=^ 



-d^ 



Another ufiul 
way of ufing , 
the Sixth. . , 



J.J 







_«- 



_(X 



g 



a 



J^r 


— 


.'01 . 


A 




r 
r 


r 

'7\ 


di 


r 


a 






3 r 
r 7) 


1 a 

i Tl" 


r?-7 


11 


d 




d 




rc^ii 




(b 


1 




r 


e/ 


a 


ir 




a 






r 


; r 


r • 


ni 






1 










1 




<L 




r 


a 


1 




a a 






1 










1 




a 








la 


i 


11 



sa 



sa 



^N -however, Thefe Rules which I have Thuf Set, will ftand you in 
tei-y great ftead 5 nor can you be without the Knowledge of Them, 
to be ftead y in your Te^'formances^ 

I think I need not lay much more to This Bnjinefs, but leave 
you to Experience and 'Pra&ice : And Truly I am Confident, by 
Thefe Short T)ireCiions, you may be enabled to Tlay a. Tart, with 
Credit, and Jpplaufe enough, upon a Theorboe. 

I might Trouble you with (evcral other Obfirvations --, biit 
They are all Couch*d in T/ie/e which I have already (et down * 
Only one TMngl think Neceffary to let you know, That whenfbe- 
ver you meet with any Tajiages in your Bafs, of a Nimble and 
Qftic^ Motion, ( as often you will do ) viz. Quavers in a Continu- 
. ation for Ibme Scniihrevcs together 5 know, That you need not 
ftrive to put Tarts to every Quaver , only let it (ufEce, that ( ta- 
king Notice of the order of Them ) you put a Full Stop, or Tart 
only,of a Full Stop, to the iji. Quaver of every Fo%ir,ox fbraetimes,of 
every Two, 2iSyour Judgment ihall 'DireSi yott, and pals away with 
Striking the Reli Single •-, and if you find it convenient, you 
may here and there Eajily Clap along with them, ^d's, $th's, or 
6th's, as the ©e/c^w* requires 5 which will be <5«]^«e»^, SLndvery 
Comphat. 

Yer 



Z50 The Qiyil Vart ; or. 



Yet Note One Thing more. That (when we Talk^of :^d% ph\ 
and 8th's ) we are not Trecifely Tyed to give juft Thofe the very 
Notes to our Bafs j but ftill according to our BeSl Convenkney^ 
Upon the Jnfirument j (bmetimes loth's, i iths, or 1 5^AV ; as yoii 
may perceive, I have done in (bme of Thofe Examples I Set 
you 5 which are as the fame Thing in Compfition : For {bmetimes 
you will be z/er;' much fut to It, to find your Tarts Conveniently -j 
cfpecially when the Bafs moves in the Lower Sphearj nor will 
your Tarts be fo Tleafant to It^ li tak^n Nearj hm far Better A- 
hovCy in Their Fights. 

The End of the TDireUions for the Theorboe. 



The 



liii'iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifiiil 

The Third Tani 

CONCERNING 



The V I O L 



3 



AND 



M U S I C K in General. 



Giving fome Particular DireSiions towards a Righter 

Vfc of That Inflrument^ than is Commonly 

Known and Praciiced. 



231 




Chap. li 

I A V I N G faid (b much m ^y Former 'Dijcotirje, 
concerning the Lute j as al(b taken Co much 
Tains in Laying Open Jill the Bidden Secrets 
Thereof, (as to Its Rightejl Vfe^) &c. It may be 
thought, I am fb great a Lover of It, that I 
make Light Efleem of any other Injirument, be- 
fides 3 which Truly I do not , but Love the Viol 
in a very High ^Degree ; yea clofe unto the Lute : And have done 
much more, and made very many more GWand AbleTroficients 
upon Jjf, than ever I have done upon the Lute. 

And this I (hall prefume to fay, That if I Excel in Either, it is 
moft certainly upon theViol. 

And as to other InJiruments, I can as truly fay, I Value every 
One that is in Ufe, according to Its due Tlace , as Knowing, and 
often Saying, That j4l/ Gods Creatures are Good j And alllngenui- 
ties done by Man, are Signs, Tokens, and TeSiimoniss of the Wif 
dojn of God Bejlowed upon Man. 

Yet ThisOneThing I (hall not forbear to fay, (in Regard of the 
Great hiconfideratenefs, w}:ich Generally Bears Sway among Men ) 
That Ttrvould be very iveI/^(not only in Muficl^, but m Every Thing 
c//I',which is OnrHumane Concern') tf there were- a Reafinablenefe^and 
Examination always attending upon OiirA^ions^by which They Might 
he Govern d and Guided 3 And not like Ignorants, take Things upon 

Truji, 



"^^•^T*" T'T"-^ 



Z}Z 



Concerning the Vtol^ and 



Concerning 
Modes and 
Fafhiom, 



Arts and 5'ci- 
enccs, not 
fiibjeft to 
Modes and 
Faftiions. 



An Abufe put 
uponWonien, 
bytheRoguilh 
Taylors. 



No Good Fa- 
fhion to take a 
Nevv, and 
leave an Old 
much Better, 



Trujl^ as Generally too Many do , and confirm Thenifehes tpith a. 
Belief ofjuch Things upon too Slight, or rather no Examination S 
all, and Violently Turfue, Magnifie, and Cry up Things, fo dr [oy 
meerly becaufe it is the Mode or Fajhion, as They fay. 

Now as to Modes and Faflnons, I willingly grant a 'Due Obfef^ 
Vance unto, in fuch Things, as are Reafonahly T roper for Modes 
and Faflmns'-i efpecially where, or when They are not Incon- 
gruous to Right Reafon , or that we do not forfake a Better, or 
more Convenient Fajlnon, for a jForJe, or more inconvenient 5 aS 
might F.afdy be ''njiancd in the Modes and Faflnons of /jppa.rel, 
or the like Slight 2ivA TrivialThings •■^'w^ch are only (or Ihould 
be) the Troper Pufmefs (if it ought. fo be a Bufmefs at all) of 
Modes and Faflnons. 

But I cannot underftand, how Jrts and ^i^^nces Ihould be 
fubjedunto any Cuch'FhantaJiical, Giddy, or 'v^'jnQderate Toyiffi 
Conceits, as ever to be faid to be in Faflnon, or out of i fiflnon. 

I remember there was a Faflnon, not many Years- fince, for 
Women in their Jpparel to be fb Tent up by tl '■truitnefs, and 
Stijfnefi of their Gown-Shoulder-Sleeves, that 7 Ley could not fb 
much as Scratch Their Heads, for the Necefary Remove of a Bi- 
ting Loufe'-i nor Elevate their Arms fcarcely to feed themfelves 
Flaitclfomly \ nor Carve a T^ifl) of Meat at a Table, but their whole 
Body muft needs Bend towards the ^Difl). 

This mull: needs be concluded by Reafon, a mofl: Vnreafonable, 
znd Inconvenient Faflnon j andThey asZJnreafinab/y Inconjiderate, 
who Would be Co Abused, and Bound up. 

I Confels It was a very Good Fafnon, for (bme fuch Viragoes^ 
who were us'd to Scratch their Husbands Faces or Eyes, and to 
pull them doivn by the Coxcombes. 

And I am (ubjeft to think. It was a meer Rogery, in the Combi- 
nation, or Club-conncil of the Taylors, to Abufe the Women inThat 
Faflnon, in Revenge of Ibme of the Curjl Thames their Wives, who 
were too Lofty, and Man-keen. 

For Thofe Taylors can make the Fajlnonifts Believe, and Wear 
whatever Fajlnon they inform them unto : But whatever the Origi' 
nal of It was, I am fure It could never be accounted a Gobd- 
Hmfervives Fajhion'j However, It was then the Fafjion, and 
Teople of Fajlnon would have It Co, though with never fo many. 
Inconveniences. 

Now in (uch Things as Thefe, I could (et forth a vafl: deal of In- 
conJtderatenefs,which. Teople conftantly run into;yet They are no- 
thing Confiderable, in Comparilbn to fuch Inconveniences, as com- 
monly attend(pretended)iW<?^/ej and Faflnons in Arts and Sciences: 
The very Flaming of which, was always fb Nautious unto me, that 
I confefs It was ever attended with a Secret ZJndervaluing of the 
Judgment of That Terfon , who would tell me, This fort, or That 
fort of Mufick^, or Injirument, ivas in Fafnon ; and I ftill am of 
that mind, nor will I Stop my Ten, but let It Run Freely, and 
Tublifl) Boldly, That It can be noGoodFafhion in Mnjtck^, to bring 
up any Way, Thing, or Inflrument, and Cry It up for the Mode, and 
leave a Better, and Cry It'Down. Such 



MuficJ^in (jeneraL 



133 



How Mufick ;s 
Injur'd. 



Such Things as Thefe, are too frequent at This Day, aslfliall 
make appear 3 and becaufe I have begun to (peak, of the Sprightly\ 
Generons^ and l-^erdickViol'-, which iMjirument 1 Love, sindl:'7gh- 
Ij Value 5 and indeed, is an J)7Jimment of tuch Excellent^ and 
Jdmirabk Vfe, (v/ere It not too much Abns'd) but Rightly 
Vs'd) that It defcrvedly takes the Next V lace tothe Incomparable 
JLiite-^ and Therefore, for ftsfake^yi^nd the Lovers thereof^l (hall take 
a little more than Ordinary Tains to I/IuHrate, and give That 
Brave Jnfirument Its T}ne : But firft I will Injiance from It) How 
Mnjick^is Injur d^ and vtxy Eff/inently loo '■, 2isThus^ 

' For, what is more Rea>fonable, than if an Jrtiji upon the Com- 

* pofttion of a Tiece of Mtifick^ ( fuppofe ) of 3, 4, 5, 6, or more 

* 'Tarts, 5 (but hold there 5 the Moads has cut off moft of the 
^Greater Nuf^bers : Well Tie (ay 5 or 4, ( yet moft commonly 2 
^-Tarts) ftippofe whsit Number you will 5 ) *! fay is it xxotReafifia- 

* ble^yea. Necefiarily Reafonable^That allThofeTarts pouldbc Equally 

* Heard i^ fnre It cannot Reafonably be Deny d. 

' Then, what Injury muft it needs be,tohavey^/<r^ T/jingsPhyed By Unfulrabfe, 
' upon Inhritments^ Vnequally Suited, or Vnevenly Numbred ?' viz. °'' ^^"^^"^1 
'■ One SmaUlVeak:Soundi»g-BaJs-Bjol,znd i ox ^Violins --y where- and Numbers. 

* as one ( in Reafon ) would think, that One Violin would bear 
■* up Snfflciently againft 2 or 3 Common-SoHnding-Bafes ^ efpecial- 

* ly fucn as you (hall GeneraBy meet with, in their Ordinary Con- 
'^ forts. 

' This \S2iVexyCommonTiece oflnconJiderateTraUice^ia.tThk'Day. 

* But It has been Objefted, There has been an Barpjicon, or 

' 2:n Organ with It 3 what then? Has not th& Barpjtcon, or Organ^ 

* Bajfes and Trebles Equally mixt .<? and muft not ftill theVnequaU 
' mfs be the fame ? or (uppofe a Theorboe-Lute--, the T)ifproportion js 
'' fiill the fame. The Scouldin^ Violins will out-Top Them All. 

' Nay, I have as yet but aippos'd a Small matter ofVnequal- 
*mfs, in refpettof what I have heard, and is ftill very Magnani- 
'■ ntoufly Endeavoured to be Tyaily Performed, viz. Six Violins^ 

* nay Ten 3 nay Twenty or more, at a Sumptuous Meeting, and 

* (carce Halffo many Bajjes 5 which ( as I (aid before) were more 

* Reafonable, fure, to be the Greater Number. 

•■ Now I (^y. If This be not an Injury both to Muficl^^, the Com- 

* pofcr, and the Compo^tions, let any 'Judicious Terfon 'judge. 

' What is the Mufick^of Tarts Compas^dfor, if not to be Heard ^ 
'■ But I cry you Mercy, I had almoft forgot ; It is the Fafjion. 
' But I remember what I faid before, viz. That It is no Good 
' FaJliJon to bring up a Nerv, and cry down an OH, which is far 

* Better. 

Now I will (uppofe I hear it as'kd me, V^hzt'isA far Better ^ 
why here Tie tell you. 

And for your Information, ( Toung Gentleman, or Toung Lady 
{ for Toung and Vnsk^lful I mult needs fuppofe you to be, who 
ask me fuch a Ouejlion :> ) And 'tis much Tity of your pVant of 
Skjll ) Know, That in my Tounger Time , we had Mufick^ moft W^^t Mufek 
Excellently Choice., and moft Eminently Rare ; both for Its Ex- fW^"^^!" 

" " cellency 



2}4 



Concerning the VioU and 



The manner, 
and Effeftsof 
our Mufickin 
the late for- 
mer T^mes, to 
be Imitated 
as the Beft in 
the World, 



The Names of 
many of our 
Ecfl: Authors 
Deceafcd. 



What Infiru- 
nients were 
us'd, and how 
in the Beft 
Old Mufick. 



celkncy in CoKipofition^ Rare fancy ^ atid Sprightly Jyre ■■> as alfo 
for Its Troper, and Fit Terformances y even fuch, as ( if your 
Toung Tender Ears^ and Fantacies^ were but truly Tin&urd there- 
with, ( and efpecially if it poffibly could but be cry'dup for the, 
Mode^ or iVew FaJInon ) you would Embrace, for fome 'Divine 
Thing, 

And left It ftiould be quite Forgot, for want of Sober Times •-, I 
will (et down (^zs a. Remembrancer, 3indWelI-a>iI/et'toToJierity^ 
and an Honourer of the Memory of Thoje moU Emenent^ Worthy 
Mafiers, and Authors, who Ibme of Them being now T)eceafedy 
yet fbme Living) th^ Manner of fuch Mnfickji^% I make mention 
of, as alio the^<?if«re tf//if. 

' We had for our Grave Mnfich^, Fancies of 5, 4, 5, and 6 
* Tartf to the Org4«-,Interpos'd(now and then)with fome Tavins, 
' Allmaines^ Solemn, and Sweet 'Delightful Ayres 5 all which were 
' ( as it were ) fb many Tathettical Stories, Rhetorical, and Sub- 
' UmeDifcourfes •■, Subtil, and Accute Argnmentationsi, Jo Suitable, 
' a?id Agreeing to the Inrvard, Secret, and Intelle&ual Faculties of 
'' the Scul and Mind '■> that to fet Them forth according to their 

* True fraije, there are no M ords Sufficient in Language 5 yet what 

* I can belt (peak of Them, fliall be only to (ay, That They have 
' been to my felf, ( and many others ) as T>ivine Raptures, 'Potver- 

* ful/y Captivating all our unruly Faculties, and AffeUions, (" for the 
" Time ) and dijpofpng m to Solidity, (gravity, and a Good Tem- 
' ter-, making 14S capable of Heavenly, and Divine Influences. 

' 'Tis Great Tity Few Believe Thus Much 3 but Far Greater, that 

* (b Fen> Know It. 
The Authors of (uch like Compofitions, have been divers Fa- 
mous Englifl) Men, and Italians--, ibme of which, for Their very 
Great Eminency, and Worth, in that T articular Faculty, I will 
here nam,c, '&i;5. Mr. Alfonjo Fcrabofco, Mr. %hnWard, Mr. Lupo, 
Mr. White, Mr. Richard Deering, Mr. WiUiam Larves, Mr. 'John 
Jenkins, Mr. Chrijloper Simpfon, Mr. Coperanio, and one Monte- 
verde, a Famous Italian Author •-, belides divers, and very many 
others, who in Their Late Time, were AU Substantial, Able, 
and Profound Compofing MaSiers in This Art, and have leftT^ezV 
lforl{s behind Them, as fit Monuments, and 'Patterns for Sober, 
and Wife Tofterity, worthy to be Imitated, and Tra&iced : 'Tis 
Great Folly they are (b (bon Forgot, and NegleHed, as I perceive 
they are amonglt many. 

And Thefe Things were Performed, upon fo many Equal, and 
Trnly-ScizJd Viols •■, and fo ExaSlly Strung , Tun'd , and Playd 
upon, as no one Part was any Impediment to the Cther , but 
(till (^zs the CompopionXQ(\nvcQ(i') by Intervals, eachP art Am- 
plified, and Heightfied the Other 5 The Organ Evenly, Softly, and 
Sweetly Acchording to AU. 

Whereas now the Fajhion has Crd Thefe Things 'Down, and 
(et up others in their Room--, which I confefs make a Greater 

F^oife •-) but which of the Two is the Better Faffjion, I leave to be 

Judgd by the Judicious. 



AIuJic\m (jeneraL z^^ 

We had ( beyond all This ) a Cujiom at Our Meetings, that 
commonly, after ^ch Injirumefital Mnficl^was over, we did Coft- 
elude yiUy with fbmc Vocal Mujick) (to the OrgaftyOr (for want of 
That ) to the Theorhoe. . 

The Beji which we did ever Efieem, were Thofe Things which 
were molt Solemn, andT)ivi»e, fome of which I will (for their 
Eminency _) Name, vt%. Mr. i)eerin^s Gloria. Tatri, and other 
o^ His Latin Songs j (now lately CoUeUed, andTrinted, by Mr. 
Tlayford, ( a very Laudable, and Thank:VPorthji Work.) befides 
many other of the like Nature, Latin and EnghJId, by moft of 
the above-named Authors, and Others, Wonderfully Rare, Sub- 
lime, and 'Divine, beyond all Expreflion. 

But when we would be moft Ayrey, Jocond, Lively, and Sprucej 

Then we had Choice, and Singular Conforts, either for 2, 3, or 4 

Tarts, but. not to the Organ ( as many ( now a days ) Improper- ^^^ q^^^^ 

ly^ and Vnadvifedly (* perform fuch like Conforts with") but to not a proper 

the Viarpficon 5 yet more Troperly, and much better to the Tedal, inft"™ent 
, T 7j- r t t ^ ""^ . • 7 J -^ T L , ' for Conforts, 

(an Injtrument 01 a. Late Invention, contriv d (as I have been 

inform d) by one Mr. John Hayward of London, a mo^ Excel- 
lent Kind of Injirument for a Confort, and far beyond all harpjicons 
or Organs, that I yet ever heard of, ( I mean either for Confort, 
or Single Vfe'-, ) But the Organ far beyond It, for Tkofe other Ter- 
formances before mentioned. 

Concerning This Inftruntent, ( call'd the Tedal ( becaufe It is < 

contriv d to give Varieties with the Foot ) I ftiall beftow a few 
Lines in making mention of, in regard It is not very commonly 
ufed, or known ; becaufe Few make of Them Well, and Femer will 
go to the Trice of Them: Twenty Tounds being the Ordinary 
Trice of One j but the Great Tatron of Mufick. in His Time, Sir 
Robert BoUes, ( who, in the Vniverftty, I had the Happinefs to 
Initiate, in This High Art) had Ttt>o of Them, the one I remember 
at 30 /. and the other at 50 /. very Admirable Infiruments. 

This Inurnment is in Shape and Bulk, juft like a Harpficon s only The Defcrip- 
It differs in the Order of It, Thus, viz.. There is made right un- tionof the 
derneath the Keys, near the Ground, a kind of Cubbord, or Box, I'q oV cot. 
which opens with a little Tair oi Doors, in which ^<?jcthe Ter- fort inftru- 
former fets both his Feet, refting them upon his Fleels, (his Toes ™^""' 
a little turning up ) touching nothing, till fuch time he has a 
Tleafnre to employ them 5 which is after this manner , viz.. 
There being right underneath his ToesOf little Tummels ofWood^ 
under e^vh loot 1, any one of Thofe 4 he may Tread upon at his 
Tleafnre ■■, which by the Weight of his Foot drives a Spring, andfb 
Caufeth the whole Jnjirument to Sound, either Sofi or Loud, according 
as he jl)ui7 chafe to Tread any of them down^ (for without the i^f>^ 
ibusd]}^othing Speak/ ■ ) 

The oiit-ftde of the Right Foot drives One, and the In-fide of 
the iame foot drives another ^ fo that by treading his Foot a 
litde awry, either outward or inward , he caufeth a Various Stop 
to be heard, at his Tleafure 5 and if he clap down his Foot Flat, 
then he takes Them both., at the fame time, (which is a 3^/. Variety, 
and Louder. ) H h 2 Then 



Z3<5 Qoncernin^ the Viol^ and 



. Then has he ready, under his Left Foot, 2 other Various Stop ^ 
and by the like Order and Motion of the Foot, he can immediate- 
ly give you 3 other Varieties^ either Softer or Louder, as with 
the Right Foot before mentioned, he did. 

So that thus you may perceive he has feveral Various Stops at 
Pleafure , and all Quicks and Nimble^ by the Ready Turn of the 
Foot. 

And by This Tritty T)evice, is This Jnjlrument made Wonder- 
fully Rare^ and Excellent : So that doubtleft It Excels all Harp^ 
cons, or Organs in the World, for j4dmirable Sveeetnefs and Hn- 
ntour, either for a 'Private, or a Confort ufe. 

I caus'd one of Them to be made in my l^oufe, that has 9 feve- 

So^TnXe^'^'^ ral Other Varieties, (24 ina!l) byreafon o^ zStop (^to he Slifd 

Periai'" ^ in with the /-.Wi^ J which my JForl^: man calls the Theorboe-Stop ^ 

Thus 14 va- and indeed It is not much unlike It ^ But what It wants of a Zutey 

riet.cs at kaft. j^ ^^^^ -^^ j^^ ^^^^ Singular Trittinefs. 

We had in thofe days Choice Lonforts, fitted on purpofeto fuit 
with the Nature of This JnUrnment, 

The Truth is, The Great Grace rohich M'ufch^ receives by the 
Right Ordering of This Inlirument, to Compositions and Tcrfor- 
mances fuit able thereunto, is fuch, that Jt far -Exceeds any Expref 
(ions that can be made of It. 

We always Added to This Confort, the Theorboe Lute'-, which 
likewile covXdi Izumour the Confort, Properly, and Evenly, with the 
Tedal. 

Very little o^This fo Eminent Mufick^do we hear of in Thefe 
Times, ( the L efs the Greater Vity ) 
Concerning Then again, we had all Thofe Choice Con farts, to Ecfually-Sci^d 
with viols, ' Inflruments, ( Rare Chejls of Viols ) and as Equally 'Perform' d : 
and their For We would never allow ^ny Performer to Over-top^ or Out-cry 
Kareufc. .another by Loud Tlay-, but our Great Care was, to have ^// 
;the Tarts Equally h'eard •■, by which means ( though fometimes 
we had but indifferent, or mean Hands to Perform with ; yet This 
Cautionmadethe Alujick^ Lovely, and very Contentive- 
The Great But now the Modes and Fajlnons have cry'd Thefe Things down, 
Idol in Mu- anj fet up a Great Idol in their Room; ob(erve with what a 
YMrsJf« up. Wovderfid Srviftnefs They now run over their Rrave Kew Ayres , 
and' with -^haihigh-Priald Noife, znz. 10, or 20 Violins, &c. 
as I -Paid before, to a Some-Single- Soul' d Jyre -, it may be of 2 
ot^ Parts, or fome Coranto, Serabrand, or Brawle, (as the Nevp- 
FaJhion'd-JFord is ) and fuch like Stuff:, feldom any other 5 which 
is rather fit to make a Mans Ears Glovp, and fill \\\s Brains full of 
Frisks, &c.- than to Seafon, and Sober hk Mind^ or Elevate hk A f- 
feUion to Goodnefs. 

]<lowlCay,LetThefeNew-FaJInondMufcl{s,and Terformances,he 

J'^Ccmpa-^; compat'd with Thofe OldOnes,wh\ch I Have before made mention 

throid a^^nT of; and then let It be Judg'd, whether they have not left zRet- 

New Mi'.fici, fgy Faflnon, for a JForfe. But who (hall be the Judges .<? If Them- 

tob. Judged. Relives, then ^//•/i?.;gy&^ 

■ ;; ■ ^;^ r-' '".■'■■, 

Now 



Adiifick^ in (general. 



237 



Now I apprehend I hear fbme fay,! like This New-fajlnond Mu- 
fich^ the Beji 5 lb does a Child a. Rattle^ or an Oaten Tipe^ &c. 
which rauft needs be, becaufe they never Heard any Better. 

' There is another Great Injury^ very Ternitiotis to the Sttbfiantial 
' Support of This Art--^ which is ^ that oftentimes Creqf Ferfons^ 

* (Lords or Ladies )not haviftg S/^ii/^yetjjpendTheir Judgments m 
' the High Commendation of Things^ which come before Them^ (C om- 

* mending This, or Tjijliking That ) accordittg to that Humour which 
'TheyTofefs.^c. 

* Now look^whatfoever Jfft^g^efit They„giv.e, the fame prejently is 
^fwal/ow'd down by the Multitude, looted upon, and Strongly Cry'd 
^ up for Orthodox, (viz. the Mode or Fajljionj ) and prefently fpreads 
' abroad'-, and Fame (the Great'Dame of lies, as well m of Truths^ 
' Toots it all over 5 and what is Stronger than the Great Multitude .<? 

' This J fay, is a caufe of much Error, and Jfrong done to Cur Art 5 
'■for by this means'-^ many a Confident ToungVp-jiart (through the 
' ZJnsl^ljulnefsy ofjuch, or fuch a Great Terfon ; who is taken, with 
' This, or That Fritty Gingle or Toy, proceeding from That fore-men- 
^ .tioned Toungjler ^ becomes Famous ■-, for the Great Ferfon ( (cem- 
' i&gto Admire Him, in This, or That Thing, Toy, or Gingle ) fets 

* him up, as it were upon a Finaclej and whether Tt be Right or 
' Wrong, prefently comes others, ( of the fame form of Greatnefs, and 
' ZJnskilfulnefs ) and Jdyns Applaufe td the former ; fo that This 
' Toung Man is AIl-to-be-'T)ignified,and Noted for a U'onder amongfi 

* others- Then , whatfoever he Ferforms , becomes ^mitable , and 
' Faflnonable ■-, ( fever al fuch have I obfervd in my Time J whereas 

* let him be brought to the True Tonch-flone, or Right Examination^ 

* by Judicious Ferfons, he will be found a very J'f eaklin, in the Art 

* which he Frofe^eth , only he may ( as many of them ) have a 

* F articular Singularity, or Twang, upon fome one Injlrument, or 0- 

* ther •-, Tt may be the Violin, or the flagilet, or the Guittar, ( a Pit of 
^ the Old lute ) the Jews Trv^ip, &c. or fome fuch Slight Eujlnefs. 

' Now This Erave Toung Man affiimes to himfelf a Great Fre- 

* fence. Looks Big, and Magnifies Fiimjelf-j and ( though Jgitorant 

* in the M^in ) thinkj himfelf really to be The Thing, which he is 
' Cry d up for-) though nothing Nothing fo :, and prefently falls to give 
^ Lavps, and Rules, in the Arf-, making ^determinations in his Judg- 

* ment of This, or That iFork^, ofFrofound Learned. Able MaS^iers, 

* rehich he himfelf underftands little or nothing of But his Name 
' being Thus got Hp, he may (oi the old faying is) Lie in BedA,and his 

* Workjl^all go forvpardsi 

: ^Then with much ConfidepcCf he daily (preads his Humours, and 
^Conceits, whifihmufi (forfooth ) Uill be Highly Frizd, though 
' never fo Silly- ' , By which meittis, and the tike, there becomes a Ge- 
*'neral Over-fpreading of Err^fs, and Ignorance:, and a Crying- 

* down, and Negle&ing the Beti Things in True Art and J forth , and 

* Crying up the Gingles, &c. 

This I have Seen,zvL^ Noted,^]] along my Time,in This Our Art 
ofMufick^j and sherefor^ thought fit Thus much to declare of It, 
as a Main Injury vdone unto the Art- 

But 



and main Inju- 
ry occafioned 
utno the Arc, 
by feme Great 
Perfons, being 
uiiskilful in It. 



T!ie Common 
Occijfion of 
Modes, and 
f millions in 
Muficl?, 



ij8 



Concerning the VioU and 



Concerning 
a Proper and 
Fit Mufick 
Room; the i/?. 
Tiling confi- 
derable. 

4 Chief In- 
conveniences, 
for want of It. 



A Worthy Be- 
nctaftor to the 
liniverfity 
\ufhedfoi. 



But I fhall cut off This 'Difcourfe, and Here give you fome cer- 
tzxn T)ire&iotis^ ioi Trocnring^ and Maintaining the Befi MhJc^ 
Imaginable. 

The iji Thing to be confider'd, as to the Advantage of Good 
Mupk,^ (hould be a Convenient, and Fit TUce to Perforin Itin^ 
fiich I would call a M^tck^Room'-, and is confiderable in a ^ Fold 
JRefpe^, iji. in Rejpeuoi the Infimmetits^ 2d. the Mufick.^ ^d. 
the j^^ors, and /^th. the Auditors. 

\ji. The InJirHments j be they never (b Good^ will not {how 
half (o good in an Improper, Stuffed, or Cloggd-up Room, either 
With Houfekold-iluff, or Company. 

id. The Muftck^vexy dftetltinies is much hindred, by Crorvding, 
and Noije- 

^dlji. The Tei-formers as often, are Co interrupted and hindred, 
that they cannot A& as They might. 

4thlj/. The Auditors cannot receive fuch Ample SatisfaBion, as 
other wife they might do ; befides their uneafie, and unhand- 
(bm Accommodation, which too often happens to Terfins of 
Quality, being fbmetimes Crovpded up, Sffvoeez'd, and Srveateda- 
mong people of an Inferiour Rank^, &c. and cannot be avoided. 
Theie Things, I (ay, (hould be confider'd, 

Again ; 'tis ob(ervabIe, That all Terfins who pur(ue Mnftck,^ 
do endeavour to procure the Bejh Instruments that can be gotten. 
Now let the Infiruments be what they will, a Good Room will 
make Them (eem Better, and a ^</^ Room, Worje, as I faid before: 
Therefore It is of a Gre^* Concern, to have a Room, which may 
at leaft, Advantage your Infiruments, if no other Conveniency were 
gain'd thereby. 

Now as to the Right Contrivance oC a Mufick. Room, there are 
(everal Confiderations depending, as I (hall make appear in the 
Defcription and Explanation of one Hereafter following, which 
I wi(h might be ( by fome Good, and Worthy BenefaBor to Our 
Vniverfity ) Befioxved, and EreCfed There, for a Tublick^ Benefit, 
and Promotion of the v^r/, and Incouragement of the 7r«e Lovers 
of 7f 5 there being likeWi(e a Great Need of (uch a Thing, in Re- 
ference to the Compleating, and Illufirating of the Vniverfity- 
Schoolf-, (uch a School, or Room, being greatly wanting with 
Them There. 

And in hopes, that (at one time, or other) there may ari(c 
(brae Honourable, and 7r»/y Noble-Spirited Verfion, or Terfins, 
who may conlider the Gre<i^ G<7<7<^ LJ/e, and Benefit of fuch a ATe- 
fe^rj' Convenience , and al(b may find in his Heart to become a 
Benefa&or, to (uch an Eminent Good Werkj) I will here give a 2)€- 
fiription oi a Mofi Excellent Mufick^Room, together with Its ma- 
ny Great Conveniences, as Here in This Next Tage you may (ee. 



CMAP. 






(^e 0c/criptiL)ri 
Of a JUiiftck-ltootnc. ^nifarnU'- 

With Carmtnieiicyfcr Several! SctL^ of 
uiucitiorv, Sevt: rally plara in 12^ 
JDi/tirici-Rcvmej', hejidej in/lllu - 
ML'k-IlL'C'rjic tv: ivould hauenoiu 



fiUl.iy,^ 



in It hefidcj ih^' Performers . 



^. Shiy'rc-r 



A QaUerif for 
A-uaiiors 



A Ciallert/ for 
Auditors 



ALj ailerij for 
Audiiors 







Soufh. 



17' 



£rUo, 



% 



^ ^ 
^ .^ 






3. Sf ay res' 






]}ore 



^^Z 




~S 










A Gallery for 
Atiaiiorj' 










~y 



y 



Y 



V 



1. Stayres- 



V> 






Nortii. 



e^-i 



vc =: 






A LfalleTy tor 
Jiudiiors 



Ay alien/ for 
Auaiiors 




JX,. Siayres 



C) uvj? ajlrca the Rcrome io he Stx^yectrcls Sqiiare 
The IX Gallery es won Id he y-i/ea ras long, ana 
Setter;TJie ^ ITlidale Gallerqes Somfh'nn 
broader then the RelLas Here theij nor ^ 




7^40 



Concerning the Viol^ and 



C H A P. II. 



A further Ex- 
planation-, and 
the Weaning 
of This Mu. 
lick Room. ■ 



■ The Scirua- 
tioH of the 
Room. 



The Wainf- 
cotingcjf the 
Room. 



Confclersble 
Bfafons,\\hy 
aMuiirkRcom 
fliould be fo 
con'rved. 
Ap(i the many 
Ccnvenienccs 
Thereby. 



Jda, 



THe Roor^ It (elf to be Af'ch'd'-i as alfo tht/^ Middle Galleries^ 
( at leaft ) if not All Twelve ; aqd JBuilt one Story from the 
Ground^ both for Advantage oi^ Sound:, ^nd alfb to avoid the 
Mojjiure of the Earthy which is yery bad, hothiox Infiruments^ 
SLVid. Strings. - - - , 

The Room would he One Step Higher, than the G^Z/er/e/, in the 
Floor •■, the better to conveigh^the Sound to ihe Auditors' 

The Height of the Room not too High, for the Came Reafon. 

In the Building of This Room , there may be Refped had to 
the Lower Rooms^ior Advantage oi7)TPeJling, &c. And no doubt, 
.h-atvi^onthe Contrivance of fuch a I^oom, many Tritty Advan- 
tages may be thought upon ; which in This Sudden Glance^ I can-i.. 
; not reach unto. '\ ; 

Yet take but This One Caution, in ^oxxrCdntrivance.ij and then 
or Alter what you will, viz,- That Nothing be Added to, or 
Altered from •■i which may be any Hindrance to the Free, and Glib 
^afage of the Sound, to All T laces intended '■, but rather Ad- 
vantaged . • 

The Room to be Built in a Clear, and very TDelightful'Dry 
^lace, both free Cxom 14 ater '■} the Over-Hanging oC Trees -^ and 
Common Noifes. 

ifl. Let the Arched Seiling be Tlain, and very Sffiooth. 

'2dly. Let the Lower Walls be all Wainfcdtted, Hollow frbm the 
Wall, and without any ^mdo^ Carvd, Bofs'd, or RuggedWork^j 
Co that the Sound may Kun G lib,. .&t^d:^jqotha\\ about, without 
the leaft Interruption. ' 

^dly. Let there be {eVeral Conveyances out of the Room, through 
that Wainfcot, by Groves, or Tipes, to certain Auditors Seats, 
where (as they fit) they may, at a fmallTajfage, ox little Hole, 
receive that Tent-up- Sound, which ( let It be never Co weak in 
the Mufick^Room ) he fliall (though at the furtheft end of the 
Gallery) Hear CoT)iJlinCtly, as any who are clofe by It. 

If fuch a Room as Thisy were to be Built at a Tublick, Charge j 
and for a Tublic^ Beneft, and Tromotion oC the Art':, this Little 
Model tmght he Amplified, and . Enlarged, feveral ways, upon 
more Deliberate Confideration. 

The Reafons for fiich a' Mufick, Room, are Divers, and very 
Confiderable 5 as Firfi. 

The Room being Thm Clear, and Free from Company, all Jnconve- 
niences of Talking, Crowding, Sweating, and Blujiering, Sic. are 
taken away. 

2d. The Sound haslts Free, and Vn-interrupted'Ta^age, Sic 

^d. The Terformers are no ways Hindred, &c. 

/^th. The Injiruments will ftand more fteadily in Tune, ( for no 
Lutes, Viols, Tedals, Harpjicons, Sec. will ftand in 7»»e at fuch a 
T/me-) No, nor Voices Therafelves;} For I have known an Excellent 

Voice, 



Adufick^in general. 



241 



The Convc, 
niences of Ic 



A Good Note. 



Voice^ well prepared for a Solemn Terforma-nce^ who'Jias been 
7ent up in fuch a Crowds that ( when he had been to ^Perform his 
Tart) could hardly (peak 5 and by rio other T^^/e, biit the z'er;' 
'^ifiemper, rece'wed by That Crorvd^ and Over-Heat. 

Stfjly, The M^/Jc^^ will be ^^w^/ to all alike. 

Many other Inconveniences might be taken oflF^ vi%,. Particular- 
Perlbns being 111 at Eafe^ or ZJnhandfomly Accommodated, and 
Mixt^ &c. All which are not only Clearly Remedied, by fuch a 
Room as This, but your Muficlihr: more JUtiJlr^ited, by the Injiru- 
ments ftiewing Themfclvesy and the Auditors infinitely more Q- 
tisfied. '' 

Note, That the In- lets into Thoje Groves, or Tipes abovefaid, 
Ihduld be pritty Large, ijiz. a Foot Square at leaft, yet the Larger, 
the Better, without all doubt; and to begin in the Wainfcot, within 
the Mufick^Room 5 and (b the Conveyances to Run Troportionahly 
JSIarroveer, till They come to the Ear of the Auditor-^ which Hole at 
the End, need not to be above the Widenefs of ones Finger End. 
, It cannot be eafily Imagind^ what a Wonderful Advantage fuch 
a Contrivance muft needs be, for the Exa^, and T)iliinU Hear- 
ing of Miijickh without doubt far beyond all that ever has yet 
been ufed. For there is no Infirumettt of Touch, be It never fb 
Sweet 5 and Touctd with the mofi Curious FJand that can be 5 but 
in the very Touch, if you be near unto Tt, you may perceive that 
Touch to be heard ; efpecially of Viols, and Violins j but if you 
be at a 'DiUance, that Harfinefs isLoit, iind Conveyed'mto ihQ 
Ayre, and yoii receive nothing but the 2^a^e Sroeetnefs of the In- 
firument ; (o as I may properly fay, you loole the Body^ but en- 
joy the J^/i?/, or i5jp/r;^ thereof 

Thoje 4 'Double Doors into the 4 Middle Galleries, would be (b The Doors. 
made, that they might (hut atTleafure-^ fothat the. MuJick.Room^ 
might be private at any time, for any other Occajion. 

The meaning of Thefe Narrovp Galleries is, In that Experience The meaning 
tells, Any Sound, fovc'dinto a Narroiv Tlace, is Heard much more of then Gal- 
Strongly, ih^^n Sounds Dilated, and Spread abroad. '"'^'° 

Thofe 12 Galleries, though but little, will ( I believe) hold 
200 'Perfons very well, without Crowdirig 5 which Thing alone, 
having fuch convenient DiUinU Reception, for Terfins of Diffe- 
rent Qualities, muft needs be accounted a Great Conveniency ; be- 
fides all Thofe others before Specified. 

The 4 Pair of Stairs, ( if for aPublickufe fuch a H?;/)^ were 4 Pairof Stairs 
Built) will heNecefary, that yer/^^j- may come, and go^ with- 
out difturbing the Refio£ the Company. 

But if for a Private iife, one Pair of Stairs ; though much bet- 
ter with Tveo Pair. 

I have here faid but a little of a great deal, that might be 
faid in Reference to fuch a Good Worh^--^ yet, Ifuppofe fiifficient td 
give a Light, or a Hint to Better Inventions, according to that 
Saying, Old, andTruc, Facile ejllnventis addere 



*Tis no great Matter of Difficulty to have It done, by almoft How eafie ft 
anyJngeniom Worh^men^ \vhere they are to make Ke»?? Ere^ions, a^Roo'm^d?. 



li 



and 



24i 



Qoncerning the Viol^ and 



and have Room enough, if they caft for It in their firft Contri- 
vances. 

It may become any Noble^ or Gentlemans Houfe j and there 
may be Built together with It, as Convenient and Neceffary 
Rooms for all Services of a Family., as by any other Contrivance 
whatever, and zs Magnificently Stately. 

Having thus defcrib'd the way to (uch a AW^y;)', Ample, and 
mofi Convenient Ere&ion^ I (hall only add my WiJI)esy that It might 
be once Experimented j and then no doubt, but the Advantages^ 
and Benefits would apparently fliow Therarelves,and be Efieemed, 
far beyond what at the prefent They can conceive,or I have Writ. 



A Table Or- 
gan to rtand 
in the midft, 
much better, 
than an Up- 
right Organ* 



The Chief Or- 
ficc of the Or- 
gan in Con- 
fort, 



The Great 
Advantages of 
the ufe of a 
Table Organ 
in Confort. 



Chap. III. 

THere is yet one Thing more, which I will Propofe, in Refe- 
rence towards a more Abfolute Exa&nefs^ and Compleatnefs, 
in fettingoff the Mufick^-^ and in making It more Even, and T}i- 
jiin&ly Equal, viz,. Suppofe the Organ to be (b Contrivd^ as to be 
Plac'cl in the midfl: of the Room, and ferve inftead of the Table, 5 
sifo I conceive, ( nay I know , in that I have made Experience 
of the Thing ) It would be far more Reafonabk, and Troper, than 
an Vpright Organ. 

Becaufe the Organ ftands us in ftead of a Holding, Vniting- 
Conjiant-Friend:, andjs as a Touch-fione, to try the certainty of 
AUThings'-) efpecially the Well-keeping the Tnjiruments in Tnne, &c. 

And in This Service the Organ (hould be Equally Heard to Allj 
hut efpecially to the Performers Themfelves, who cannot well Per- 
form, without a 'DiSfinSf Terceivance Thereof. 

The Organ ftanding in the midft, muft needs be of a more cer- 
tain and fteady ufe to Thofe Terformers, than if It flood at a 7)i- 
jlance , They all Equally Receiving the fame Benefit, no one more 
than another 5 whereas according to the conftant Standing of 
Vpright Organs ( at a 'DiUance from the Table, and much Com- 
^d!»_y ufually Crowding between the Organ, and Table ofTerformersy 
fome oi Thofe Terformers, who fit fartheft off, are often at a lofs, 
for want of Fearing the Organ, fo T)iUinUly as they ftiould, which 
is a Great Inconvenience. And if It be (b to the Terformers, It 
muft needs be alike Inconvenient,ox more, to Thofe Auditors, who 
fit far from the Organ. 

But This U evict of a Table Org'-iWjfends forth Its Votes lb Equally 
alike, that All, both ^Performers, and Auditors, receive their juft, 
and dueX?if/.f/4^7tf», without the leaft Imfediment'-jth^ Organ in This 
Service not being Eminently to be Heard, but only Equal with the 
other Mufick. 

Now as to the 'Defcription of This Table Organ, I cannot more 
conveniently do It,than firft in giving you a View of It, by This Fi- 
gure here Tjramn,and then by telling you all tht7)imenfions,and the 
whole order of It, ( I mean my Second, which is the Largeji, and 
-the Beji.) And take as Here followeth. Two 



Z44 Concerning the Viol^ and 

Jonof^[h7' ^^ ^^ CuchOrgant only, ( I believe) are but as yet in ^w^g. 
Table Organ in the World 3 They being of my own Contrivance 5 and which I 
Room'^"'^'* ' caus'd to be made In my own Houje^ and for my own VJe, as to the 
maintaining of 'P«^//f4r^»/^y/j-, 8cc. 

I did alfb Defign the EreUing of fuch a Mtifu\ Room, as I 
have defcribed 3 But it pleas'd God to TJifappoiKt,' and7)ifco»rage 
me , by Difabling me (everal ways , for fuch a H'ork^ , as 
chiefly by the Lofs of my Hearings and by that means the Empti- 
nefioi myTnrfe^ ( my meaning may eafily be gueis'd at ) I only 
wanted iV/flwy enough, but no GoodWill thereunto. 

It is in Its i?»/4, and Height, of a very Convenient, Fandfom^ 
and Con/pleat Table-Seize j ( which may Become, and Jdorn a No- 
ble-Mans Tiining Room ) All of the Beji fort of Wainfiot. 

The Length of the Ze^/ 7 F/?<?^, and 5 Inches. 

The Breadth 4 Ftftff, and 5 Inches. 

The Heighth 3 /y?^^, 7»r/j, and Better. 
. Beneath the Ze^?^ quite Round, -is Handfom Carvd, and r»/- 
fFtfr;^, about 10 Inches T>eep, to let out the Jipa;/^/ .• And Beneath 
the Cut-Work^, Broad Tannels, Co Contrived, that they may be 
taken down at any time, for the Amending fuch Faxlts as may 
happen ; with 2 Shelv dCubbords at the Z'z?*^ behind, to Lock^xx^ 
yoxxx My(ickBooks,^c. . 

The Zerff is to be taken in 2 Tieces at any time for eonveni- 
cncy of Tuning, or the like, Neatly Jojnd in the Midli. 

The Kejis, at the upper End, being oC Ebony, znd Ivory, all Co- 
^erd with a Slipping Clampe^ ( anfwerabk to the other End of 
■■ the 7iZi/e ) which is to take off at any time, when the Organ is 
to be us'd, and again put on, and Locl(d up , fo that none can 
know it is an Organ by fight, but a Compleat Neiv-FaJIjiond 
Table. 

The Leaf has in It 8 ZJe/^r, cut quite through very Neatly 
( anfwerable to that Vp-Jianding One, in the Figure. ) with Springs 
under the Edge of the Leaf, to Contriv'd, that they may Open, 
and Shut at Tleafure 5 which ( when Shut dorm ) Joyn Clofely 
with the Table- Leaf --i But (upon occasion) may be Opened, 
and fb (et up, ( with a Spring J in the manner of a ^esl^, as your 
Thetnesning uPf'tf^-f ^^7 ^^ ^t againftThem. 

ofchc8D-V:s, Now the Intent of Thofe T)esks, is of far more Excellent ufe, 
"' '' '^" than for mecr T)esl{s ; For without Thofe Openings, your Organ 
would be but of very Slender ufe, as to Confirt, by Rcalbnof 
the Cbfenefs of the Leaf., But by the Help of Them, each 7)est{_ 
opened, is as the putting in of another Qtticl^ning, or Fnlivning 
Stop :, Co that when all the 8 Desl^s ftand open, the Table is like 
a little Church Organ, Co Sprightfully Lufiy, znd Strong, that It is 
too Loud for any Ordinary Trivate ufe : But you may Moderate 
That, by opening only fo many of Thofe 'Desl^s, as you fee fit for 
your Prefent u(e. 
The N'umber Taere are in Thk Table Six Stops, 

of stop« in It, The firft is anOpen 'Diapafon'-^he Second a Principal--, The Third 

and what they ^ fjfleenth'., The Fourth a Twelfth'-, The Fifth a Tip^ and Tmn- 

tieth:, And the Sixth Si Regal. There 



atid th'i" Ex- 
cellent ufe. 



JS/luftcJ^ in (general. 



^4-) 



The Humane 
Voice in This 
Inftrumcnc, 



There is likewile (^fov aTleafttre, and Light Cotjtent ) aHoo- 
boy Stop, which comes in at any Time, with the Foot ; which Stop, 
( together with the Regal ) makes the Voice Uumane. 

The Bellow is laid next the Ground 5 and is made very Large\ 
and driven either by the Foot of the TUyer, or by a Cord at the 
far end. 

Thus I have given you a Short 'Defiription, of Thk moji In- 
comparable, and Super- Excelling Jnjirftment j not doubting, but 
when It is well Tonderd, and Conjiderd upon, It wi.'I be approved 
of, and brought into Vfe. 

And, if any Terfon ( upon the Reading of Thk 'Defcription ) 
(hall be Tiefiroui to Ttirchafe (uch an TnUmment ; I believe, I can 
Procure for him the Very Same, which I have Thus 'Dejcribed, &c. 
For my Vnhappinefs has been (uch, ( by Reafon of my 7)eafnefs ) 
that I have ( o^ I ate Tears ) . parted with It •■, and It is (at Thk 
Time, I think ) to be Sold'-^ fo that if an jTerfon fend to me about 
It, I (hall do h'lmthe^ Beji Service>\ can in It : And indeed It is a 

Very-Very-7erveL \ I .\i"\ ' '^ '^ : 

Your Tedal, and Or^*», being Thuf Well Fixd, the next is, 
to FurniJI) your yr^/r with Good Inurnment s : But firft (ce, that It 
be Conveniently Large, to contain (uch a Number, as you (hall 2)e- 
(ign for your Vfe'-^ andto be made very Clofe, and Warm, Lyn'd 
'through with Bayes, &Ci by which means your Injirnments will 
fpeak Live lily, Brisk_, and Clear. < 



An Advertife- 
ment. 



t:3) 



Note well. 
How 10 order 
your Prels for 
Inflruments, 



Chap. IV. 

xrOur -&e/2 'Provijton , ( and ^/^^ Cotftpteat ) will be, a Good 
■*■ (TiSe^ <?/ FzWj^ Sixy in Number'-, viz. 2 i5<2/fej-, 2 Tewrj, 
and 2 Trebles : All 5r«/y, and Troportionably Suited. 

Of fuch, there are no Better in the World, thanThofe of Jl- 
dred, Jay, Smith, ( yet the Highe^ in EUeem are ) Bolles, and 
Rojs, (one ^^j? o^ BoUeis, I have known Valued ax. 100 /. ) 
Ty&^ye were Old--, but We have AW, very Excellent Good Work- 
men, who (no doubt) can Work^ as well as Thofe, if The\ bj fo 
well Paid for Their Worl^, as They were; yet we chiefly j^^/^e 
0/<^ Injiruments, before JVen? ; for by Experience, they are found 
to be far the Befi. ; 

The ReafonJ tor which, I can no further 'Dive into, than to fay; 
I Apprehend, that by Extream Age, fthe Wood, ( and Thofe Other 
JdjnnUs ) GlevP, TArchment,Tafer, LyningsofChath, (asfbme 
ule;) but above All, the Vemijjj ; Thefi are All, fo very much 
(by Time) Dryed, Lenefied , made Gentle , Rarified, or (to 
fay Better, even ) Ayrified ; fo that That Stiffnefs, Stubborntiefs, 
or ClungHJnefs, which is Natural to fuch Bodies, are (b Debilitated 
and made ^lyable, that the^^jrej of the ^-^t?^, have a more, and' 
irfe Liberty to iV/i;z;e, »5>z>, or Secretly Vibrate ; by which means 
the Air, (which is the Z//e of All Things) both Animate, and 

** 3 Inanimate) 



The Beft Pro- 
vifion for 
viols, and of 
what Author?. 



Ape Adds 
Goodnefs to 
Inftrurnents, 
and the Rea- 
fon why. 



Concerning the Viol:, and 



^ 



A certain Rule 
to make a 
True Scizabk 
Cheft of Viols 



Thr True 
Place for the 
Bridge. 



A Provifo, as 
to the ufe of 
Violins. 



5 LyroVioIs, 
the Cotnplea- 
ting of the 
Store. 



An Entertain' 
ment for. a 
Prince. 



htanitnute ^ has a more Free, and Ea^K Recourfe , to Tafs^ and 
Re-pafi, &c. whether I have hit upon the Right Cartfe, I know 
not ^ but fure I am, that ^ge Adds Goodnefi to JnBruments , 
therefore They have the Advantage of all our Late Work;^men. 

Now, (uppo(e you connot procure an Intire Chefi of Viols^ 
Suitable^ &c. Then, 7%uf. 

Endeavour to Ticl{^ up ( Here^ or Tkere ) Co many Excellent 
Good Odd Oms.^s -near Suiting as you can, (every way) viT,. both 
Cox Shape^ fVood, iColour, c^'c. but e(pecially for *5Vzz>c. 

And to be ExaB in That^ take Thk Certain Rule^ viz^ Let your 
Bafs be Large: Then your Trebles muft be juft z% Short again, 
in the String, (viz.) from Btidge^to jVa^,as are your BaJfes'-^^cznCt 
they (land 8 Notes Higher than the ^4//ej5Therefore,as Short again;; 
(for theMiddle oC Every String^is an Sth.Tht Tenors,(m the String) 
jiift Co long as from the Bridge, to F Fret ; becaute they ftand a 
^th. Higher, than your Baffesj Therefore, Co Long. 

Let Thff Suffice, to put you into a Cotnpleat Order for Fii>/x, 
( either way ; ) Only Note, That the Beji Tlace for the Bridge, is 
to ftand y"«^ in the 5 Quarter Dividing oC the Open Cuts BeloiVj 
though Mofi, mofi Erroniotijly fuffer them much to ftand too 
High , which is a Fault. 

After all TA^-, you may add to your Trejs, a 'F'air of Violins, 
to be in Readineft for any Extraordinary JoUy, or Jocund Con- 
fort-Occafton j But never ufe Them, but with Thk Trovifo, viz. 
Be (ure you make an Equal ^rovijion for Them, by the Additi- 
on, and Strength oC Baps '■) fb that They may not Out-cry the 
i?e/? of the JVJupk., ( the Bafes efpecially ) to which end , It 
will be Requipe, you Store your Trefs with a Tair of Zw/?/ Full- 
Sciz'd Theorboes, always to ftrike in with your Conjbrts, or Vocal- 
Mujick^ •■) to which. That Infirument is moft Naturally Proper. 

And now to make youij Store more Anfply-Compleat j add to 
all Thefe 3 FuU-Sci^'d Lyro-Viols 5 there being moft Admirable 
Things made, by our Very Beji MaUers, CoxThat Sort of Mufick, 
both Confort-npije, andTeculiarly for 2 and 5 Lyroes- 

Let 7/&e«? be Zwi?;', Smart-Speaking Viols -^ becau(e, that in 
Confort, they often i^e^tjj'f againft the Tre^/e 5 /;5^i/4/i»g, and often 
Standing infiead of That 'Part, viz* a Second Treble. 

They will ferve likewi(efor2)jz;7/w»-FzW/very Properly. 
And being Thus Stor'd , you I|^ve a Ready Entertainment for 
the Greatefl Trince in the World, 

I will iK)w give you fbme "Dire&ions for the General Vfe of the 
f-^ztf/, and ate as followeth, in 75fef A^e;c/ Chapter. 



GHAP. 



— ■ ■ ■ ■ , 1111 , I ■ 

M.Hfic\ in Qeneral. ^47 



Chap. V. 

npHe Viol is an Inp-nment To very much in ufe, and fb many concerning 
J- Trojefs'd Teachers upon 7;f, that It may feem Impertinent to '^^ f'^^'f^ 
give ^Lire&ions concerning 7/ j efpecially fince that ExceUent Ma- ' 

per, Mr. Chrifiapher Simpfin, has done It fb very well already 5 yet 
becaufc fprne may Haply meet with This of Mine, who may not 
have That of His, and that I fhali Exmpljfie fomething, which 
He has not done m the General 5 I will therefore ( to make This 
my pfor^ufeful to the Lovers di the Viol) fetdown ( in (hort ) 
That Way, which (according to my Long Experience, I have found 
raojh Advantagious, both to My Scholars, My Self and the ^y*?- 
motion of the Jrt in General. _) 

J^FirU therefore Let the Tomg Beginner enter into Its ufe, in The v.ry Beft 
Ihat way, rvhtch we call the T Iain-way, viz. Viol-way, or Lute- Pr^e-dircftions 
' TPay, ( which is all one ) and is the Very Be ft of Tunings ; and 1°''''^ ^"""^ 
'■hfi.itely Bcft for the Learners Troft. "^ . ««^«^^ . ^«rf Beg.nner, 

^ '^^^J', ^^'* ^'i>'\Learn to "Flay by Notes , viz. according to the 
Old dub^antzal Rule of the Scale • and not by Letters, or Tahla- ■ 

* pure, ( the which is to begin at the wrong End Firfi. ) 

' ^dly. Let him have Tatience, (yet, for one Week,, or Fortnight) to 

* make hmfelf throughly Terfe&,in Thofe Notes^or Rudiments, by the 
' Boo^^and alfo upon the Jnfirument, before he Hanker after anyLepns. 

. 1 "^^^'^'.rf '^, ^"^ ««^er^^A? an ExaB Performance of his Time- By which hi. 

'keeping, Dayly, as he goes on, (which may likewife be gain d in whole work 

* One fortnight more'-,) the which being done, with aT)ilieent Care ""'" ^L'^^'^^ 
' i^^^u'P'/n? ^^^^;Pofi-rc^^-"d True Ftngering, the difficulty SS 

of the Whole fhrk. vpiU be Over. For then hewiUhave little or no- 
' ^il"^, ^W"''!'^' ^^«{/"e//n^i^/j, but only to Trance, and Gain a 
' Ready Hand 5 the winch Ukewife in a Short Time ( by Thefe Rules 

* only ) will follow. But if They be negle^ed, his Work. n>ill be Shab- 
' by, and Lame, for ever after, and never TerfeB, and Compleat. 

' Lherejore take Good Heed, to This Good Councel. 



Chap. VI. 



"VTOw that you may know how to Aa All This. 

^^ Firfi, make Choice of a Viol fit for your Hand:, yet rather of what Sciz'd 

zSci2.efomethngtooBig, thi^n (at all) too little, ( efpecially if S^'^f" 

you be loung, and Growing, ) \ r j oegm upon. 

Then Enter into your Tofiure 3 which is Thus. 

Having Placd your felf m fuch a Convenient Seat for Height, ThePofture' 

and m a Comely, Vpright, Natural-Tofiure ; fo , as your deel 

may not hmder the Motion of the Bow, by Bending, fet 

yourltol Tlown, between the Calves oi your Legs, and Knees ; 

fo, as by Them, It may Uand Readily, without Help of your 

Left 



Z4S 



£oncermn^ the Vtol^ and 



Left Handy and fo faji, that a Stander hy, cannot eaCily take It 
Thence. 



The Bow- 
Holding. 



TheStrainiefs 
of the Arm. 



A Good Streak 
ahove All 
Things. 



TheSiircft 
way to gain a 
Sweet itrc ak. 



TheRiglit 
Place for the 
Bow to move 
in. 



Let the Eead of It be T)JreUed over your Left Shoulder'-, yet 
Ibme fmall matter Inclining toroards your Elhoxo : Then take^<?»y 
Bbrvhttwixt your Right Thumbs and n Fore-fingers^ near the iVir//, 
the Thumb and ifi. Finger Fajlning upon the Stalk^y and the 2d. 
Finger s- End Turned in Shorter agaiHJi the Hairs ; by which you 
may Toyz.e^ and keep up the Toint of your Bow 5 but if that Fin- 
ger ht not Strong enough^ joyn the^d. Finger it\ j^Jfifiance toll ^ 
but in Playing Swift 'Diviftons , 2 Finger i^ and the Thtimb^ is 
Befi. 

This is according to Mr. Simpfons T)ireUions. 
' Yet I muft confefs, that for my own Tart, I could never Vfe It 
fo ivell, as when I held It 2 or 3 Inches off the Nut ( more or lefs) 
according to the Length or Vi eight of the Bow, for GoodToyzing 
of It : But 'tis poflible, that by Vfe I might have made It. as Fami- 
liar to My felf as It was to Bim. 

So ]ikewi(e,,for the ExaU Straitnefs of the Bow- Arm, which 
fbme do Contend for, I could never do fo well, as with my Arm^ 
( St'raight enough, yet ) fomething E lying, or lidding to an Agile 
Bending : and Which I do conceive mofl:F<z»?z7/^r/)' Natural. 

For I would have no Tofiure, Vrg*d, TUfputed, or Contended 
for'-) that(liouldG*i7/7, ax Force Nature. 

Now being Thus far ready for. Exercife , attempt the Striding 
of your Strings'-:, but before you do That, Arm your (elf with 
pYe^arative Befilutions fo gain a Handfom-Smooth-Snpeei-Smarf- 
Clear-Stroakji or el(e Play not at alJ; For if your Viol be never fa 
Good, if you have anVnhandfom-Harp-Bugged-Scratching, Scra- 
ping-Stroak., (as too many have) your F/t?/ will feem Bad, and 
your Tlay Worfe. 

Now the way to gain Tim Right Stroah^, is from yonr Intent- 
Care ( at Firjl ) in the Order, and Right Motion of the Bovp 5 
and although, as concerning the Holding the Viol'-, the Bow., Or- 
der of the Arm ■-, and Vfe of the JVriJi '-, leveral Very Excellent Ma- 
fiers do (bmething T}iffir ; yet All 'Perform Rarely Well ; becaufc 
They Agree in the Main and Principal Thing, viz. The Care in 
Gaitting the Good Stroakj) ( as aforefaid ) which is done after Thif 
Manner, viz. 

Only to draw your Bowjuft Crofs the Strings in a T)ireU Line, en- 
deavouring to Sound one Single String, with u Long Bow, wellnigh 
from Hand to Point, and from Point to Hand Smoothly^ and not 
Dripping, or Elevating the Point in the leaB. 
' This is the Firjl, and BeS Piece of Pra&ice you can follow ; and 
tiilyoii have gain d This, thin\of Nothing elfe. 

And as to the Place, where your Bow mufk Move., you are to 
regard 4 yA/wgj-, viz. The Sci7.e'.^_ The Stringing'-, The Pitch '^ 
and al(b the Various Vfes of the Viol. 

jfi. If It be a Large Confort-Viol, your Bow mufl Move about 2 
Inches and an Half from the Bridge ; if a Treble-Viol, about an 
Inch and a FJalfi and Co upon all Others, according to Th^ Suitable 
Proportion. '^dly. Ac- 



Mujick^in ^eneraL^ 



^49 



2dly' According to hi Stringing., viz. If It be Stiff Strung., or 
Stand of a High Titch, ( 's^hich is both as one ) then Play a little 
Further from the Bridge. 

7,diy. According to Its VJe, viz. If for Confort Vje, Play nea- 
rer the Bridge, than when you Play Jlone 5 which although It 
be not Co Sweet, yet It is more LuHy, and that little Ruffnefs is 
Loji'm theCroTpd--, Co likewife you may do, if you be to Play at 
z (jreat'Dijlance Cxomxht Jtiditors, Cov the fame Reafon '-, for the 
Roughuefs wil! be Lofl before It come at Them : But if you be to 
Play very near your Auditon, efpecially unto Curious Ears, Play 
zYxtxXetoofar off, rather than /<?<? near--) for by that means, your 
Tlay will be the more Sweet, &c. 

The next Thing is, to gain the Motion of the TVrifi, ( which 
with the Former IS the Accom^lifjment of the Right Arm-.,^ and 
is Thui gain'd, •uiz.. only by caufing the Hand, at the very Turning 
of the Bow (either way) to \nc\mQ to z Contra- Motion --^ the Arm 
( as it were) leaving the Wriji behind It, feems to draw It again 
after Tt , txplained other wife Thus, viz. 

Let your Stroak be at M'hat I ength It wilJ; before you would 
leave the Motion of your Bow, ( it It be a Long Stroak^) Stpp the 
Motion of your Arm Suddenly : yet fet your Wrifi jiiU onwards, 
g or 4 Inches, and It is done : But if It be a Shorter Stroakjy 
then according to Difcretion, a Shorter fet of the Wriji., Ter- 
firms Tt. 

I cannot Explain It Better., nor need 1 5 for Ingenuity, and 
TraUice, will get It in one Quarter of an Hour. 

Thus far may be Performed, without th.e ufe of the Left 
Hand. 

And Thus much maybeStifjicientfor'Dire£iionsforViol-Tlay, in 
This my Works becaufc in the \ft Tart, the fame Order and7)i- 
reUions^ which I have given for the Lute, muftbe ExaBly Terfor- 
m^d upon the Viol.- Therefore Turn to Thofe T^ireUions about the 
i2,i3,or 14 Chapter s^c. and you cannot fail of a Right Order Cor 
your Left-Hand-Fingering , Exa& Time-Keeping 3 and all other 
'Particulars. 

Therefore I will favemuch Labour, and Proceed to Something 
elfe more Needful, and (how how to Re&efe 2 Very Grand Faults j 
Generally committed in Viol-Tlay, by mofl Scholars, and fame Ma- 
lien alfo, ( or at leaft fuch as go CovMajiers. ) 

The One Fault is in the Right Hand, the other in the L^eft. 

That of the Right Hand is, that whenever They fliould ftrike 
a Full Stop, They (eldom Hit the Lowest String, which is the 
very SubfiantialityofThat Stop'-, It being the Ground to zWThofe 
Upper Tarts ■-, and without which the reft of Ti^^^ Stop is C Gene- 
rally ) all Falfe Mufick 

' Therefore I Advije, ever when yott come to a Full Stop, bsjure to 
'■give the LoweB String a Good Full Share of your Bow, ( Singly 
i byJtfelf, before yon Slide It upon the Reji ) and Leave Tt like- 
* wife with a little Eminency of Smartnefs, by Swelling the Bow a 
'■-little, rvhehyojt part with That String. This will make your Play 
' very Lovely. K k ' This 



How to gain 
the Motion of 
the Wrift; 



^^ 



Turn back, for 
further Dire- 
ftions, to the 
Lute Paxt. 



Two Grofs 
Fauhs Gene- 
rally Com- 
mitted inPUy, 
Explained, 
and Reftefied. 

The Firfl of 
the Right ^ 
Hand. 



Z')0 concerning the VioU and 

' This very Ohfervatien^ vphoever pall take Notice of, Jo, as to put 

* It into a ConUant Tra[iik\ jJmll find far Greater Content, andSaA 

* tiffa^ion, in Their Tlajfy than at the frefent They Can Imagine, n i 
Thcid.Grofs The 2d. is no lefs Grojs, yet mote Commonly Coffif^itted, and is 

SftHa n?*"- ^^ ^^^ ^'^^ ^'^"'^' ^'^' ^^^^ ^^^^om Hold their Holds according to 
'" • ■ the Tropriety, and Necejjity of the Compojition. 

Now This is a Myjiery to all Common Performers 5 and (tomy 

• Knowledge ) to (everal, who go for ( or fervc the Turn inftead 

of) Very Good Majier-Teachers, to their On>n Great 'Dijgrace^ 

The Jbitfe of Good L efons-^he Authors of Theni,^^^ Their Scholar s'-y 

as I (hall make very Plain, by Example. 

And I will take the more Pains to Explain This ^rw^becaufe Jt 
is the.Groftji that can be Committed in the Kind. 

' And that you may klierv the Right meaning of A Hold, Obfervet, 
' the Bejl Leffons of the Befh Majiers are often fo Composed, as They 
^ fluU feem to be Single, and very Thin Things, viz. All Single Let' 

* ters, Tpithottt any Full Stops, &c. Tet upon a Judicious Exami- 

* nation, there reill be found a 7erfe£( Compoftion, of an Intire Bafs 
' and Treble '■, tvith Strong Intimations of Inner "Tarts. 

, ' And vphofoever ffjall undertake the Management of a Viol, and 
^Jjall not in his Tlay, or Compofition, be able to fl^dve fuch aTiece 
' of Mafiery, mujh needs be accounted beneath a Mafier-Compofer c 
' But he who full NegleB , or he Ignorant in the Way of Right 

* T laying fuch Compofitions of other Men , whereby Thofe Terfe- 

* &ions ought to be Exprefs'd, which are mainly Confiderable, as to 
who not fit ^ the Propriety, and Support of fuch Compofitions ; He, I fay, muB 
a Ma^fter"iipon ' '^'-W/ be counted "Deficient in Judgment, and Skjll-, and not fit to 
sLutCjorViol. ' be owned, as a Mafier, or Teacher. 

And All This I will Explain by an Example Here following, 
which is a Lefion I have (b Contrivd'-^ that if It be well under- 
ftood, and Rightly made u(e of, will Teach ExaU Fingering, and 
Terfeb Good 'Flay, in All Leffons whatever 3 and therefore of 
Great Good ZJfe. 

'So that I (hail Advife All, who intend to come to any Gm<^ 
' Troficiency upon This Infirumeut, to take Great Notice, of This 

* Lefon, and not only to Play It well, according to Thofe Marked 

* Holds, fet quite through: But alfo, to obferve the Reafon of 
' That T)ifcourJe which follows, concerning the fame Le^on 3 and 

* fo to lay It into \i\sVnder Handing, as to be made Mafier of This 

* One Thing 5 which (hall Amplifie, and Compleat his 'Flay for ever 
' after. 

' Here is the Leffon following, together with the Tuning. 

The Tuning Viol-Way. 



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Concerning the VioU and 



The Former Lejfon Explain d in Scores^ in which appears a TerfeB Bafs^ 

and Treble-) quite through. 

The Treble of the Lejjhn. 



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This L aft IS a TroditSf, or a Third(Forcd)Tart^ of the jJi.Lefon^ 
and may be ^/^jj/W upon another FJ^Z, together with That ^<7/5 
and Trf^/f ; though 1 intended It not for any fuch u(e 5 but only to 
{how how Familiarlj, and Naturallj a Z/fi/W 'Prfrf might be put 
to filch a like Contrivance 5 which is all I intended It for. 

Thut Lepn^ ( which you fee fet by Scores) is rendred Exactly The Authors 
to be 2 T^i-fj-, (jwVe through 5 and I have fet It Thus ( in Notes, ^^^j^" jhis 
with the Tahlatttre between ) Onpiirpofe, that you may the more lS Thus, 
clearly fee the True Nature of fttch Things ■■, The Right Way ofCom- 
pofing fuch Things ■■, and the Jhfolute Necejjity of 7 laying fuch 
Things Thm^ according to This Rule of Holds. 

I will 



2<^4 Concerning the VioU and 



I will yet further, for your Satisfaftion, make It More Tarti- 
cularlj/Tlainj zsThlks. 

Youfte, that every ii7. Note of a Barr, in the TahUture (ex- 
cepting the Clofes ) is but a Quaver •■> yet, look into the Score- 
Notes underneath Them, and you will find, That every fuch i/?. 
Nate, is much more, viz. Some 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 Quavers j as tor 
Example. 

The T^. A'<7fe of the Tablature is an (a) upon the Sixths and 
but a Tric^Qftaver. 

But the li?. A^(??e of the .r^j^re «»fifer It (being T^ouhle 7)-Jol-re) 
Note the Ne- is a Tricl^Crochet, and Sounds all That Time, till you come to 
ceffityofa the Letter (r.) And the which muft be done, by giving 
Sk'^fped. ^^^^X^)^ Strof7g-Clear-Stroak,^ and leaving It Smartly, at Its 
ally upon a Fare-well. 

^^''*- Now becaufe That (a) is an 0/»e« String, It will continue Its 

Sotmd, till taken off, by fome Stop'd Letter, (as you fee the Letter 
(r) /^^fJ Tif of. 

But then the Ze«ej-('B)being a yr/c4-^'«'eriyet)by the ^e/e 0/ 
CoKJpjition) a Trick^C rocket, (for the aforefaid Realbn. ) If 
you i><7/> It Clofe, and Hold It jleadily fo Stopt, It will Sound Its 
FtillTJue. 

And This if the True Meaning, Explanation, and Necefjity 
of a Hold 5 which in all fuch Cafes nmji he fo Performed .^ orelfeyon 
both Injure the Lejon--) and want That Great Benefit of Its Ver- 
tue, &c. 

The whole L^efon through, is Thus to be Performed j which by 
the Explanation of this \fi, Barr only, may certainly be done, 
and is lufBcient for General T)ireUions, in All fuch Cafes. 
^ J. There is one Curiofty more depending upon Holds, viz. that 

Curioficy,"not at any time, when ( by the Rule of Compofition ) a Letter is to 
muchiegar- ht Held Longer, than 'tis pofiible you can Hold It, by Reafbn 
dcdbymany. ^f fome Crofs, or Skipping Taffages', in fuch Cafes, Hold That 
T etter fo long as you can j hut at the Releafe, be jure you take off 
That Finger, JO cunningly, as you caufe not. That (fofudden-Open'd) 
String to Sound , ( which is a Hard Matter to avoid in Quic^ 
TUy. 

This is a Tiece of very Commendable Skill, and A&ivity^ hui 
not regarded by many. 

The Lafi, and Great Advantage , ( by This Rule of Holds ) 
will mod: certainly Trompt, or Teach the T layer. Right, Troper, 
and True Fingering, in all Leffons whatever. For by Experience, 
he will find a NeceJJity of Stopping, (uch or fuch Stops, with the 
Proper Finder j other wile he cannot Perform It according to This 
Vn-erring Rule- 

I might trouble my (elf, and you, with many common Ty&w^j- 
belonging to Viol-TUy 5 But It being an InUrument known, and 
fb Generally in Vfe^xx. needs not. 

But Thefe Things which I have mentioned, are fb Singularly 
ufefitl, and fo Generally NegleUed •■, but not commonly underftood, 
that I thought Them needful, and worthy your Knowledge. 

I 



Adtifick^tn (jeneraL^ 



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:, I (hall conclude all with feme certain Things Profitable to your 
'TraBice, and in Reference to what Rules I have thus far laid 
down, and fo Conclude TXif ^fi>ry^. 

This Fiift Lvng^ and Neiv FaJJji on' d kind of Trahde^ or Fanc^y, 
^ being TUin-Jl; ay-Tumng^ in the Nature of Voluntary- Play) may 
-fs^mWhc^cv^zVShortOnes Joynd together 5 but is not lb : For 
I Compos'd It all as one 5 yet for tlie Better Information of the 
Learner^ and the Greater Lufire of his Play, I thus Contriv'd It, 
that It might feerii to be a kind of Extemporary Bujinefs^ making 
feveral ^eriodt^md beginning again-, each teeming to have feme 
Relation to the Trtecedent. _ : ■ 

The JVraz^jr are all various {of Fumctir-^ and yon may Tiny 
lo many, or fe few of Them as you pleale, at any Time. 

The whole would be Tlayd in a Slorv TroportionofTiKie-^ohCei- 
vingftriaiy all the Taufes, with Soft^vjxd LondTlay. 



J /•/ J 



Chap. VIII. 



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_LjIlThIs^^\vith the Fovmer) may (liSice forthe ^eS'Direffimj 
in Viol-Tlajf, both as to the Gaining Fxa& Kmnkdge, for the 
Befi Tcrformances upon That Infimnnnt 5 and for the Gaining of 
a Tollerable Good Hand. Yet Decau(e I wiJl Gratife you a little 
further Herein, I will Set you one more Malhrly^ and Large^ in 

~ the Harp-Tming-Sharp 'f which (hall Compleat the ary&fi/e Z'»/J»e/?, 

--^. and fb Conclude This Work: 

— ~ And Here It is, with /// Tvm?ig Exprefsd. 






CHAP. 



M.ujic\in (jeneral. 



2.^9 



C H A P. IX* 

Harp'lVay-T'uning Sharp, 



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Fere ^W/ <«// ths'DinUions for the TraUichJPart. -o-fv-v 






Ch At>. X. 

foni wT^he' X^^ whereas I have not -Aptphpd This Viol Tart , with fucb 
Author has ^ Xj Store of Lemons ^ as I did the lute Tart j take Thefe feveral 
vm"l7 i^e^jS^j for It. 
;o -^^^ons. riii\,nereis»ofnch Need i» the Ge^er^/jbecaufe there arife Great 
Store of K?<?/-Z efoKs to be had (almoft)every where ; and but Fe» 
for the /»/e ^ and Thofe Generally Cory^^ftcain the Trici^i»g, 8cc. 
^'^- Secondly, Thejc ( hJerc Set J are Fjdljy Sufficient^ both to 

Explain my 7?«/e/ , and alfb to make an hxaB ^ Jble, and 
Good fJ and fit for any Vndertahing '-, without the help of any other. 
^^' Thirdly, and Laftly, If (by what I have Here Publilli'd) 1 

fhall find a Further Encouragement., by Its being rvell Accepted v I do 
intend ( God willing ) to put forth another 'P/ece, in which ftialJ 
he Store o^ Viol- Lejffont, of all (brts of /«/•«?/, and Shapes -j Suited 
to the Five Beji of the Viol-Tunings^ now in u(e, viz. Viol-way 
Harp-Way-Sharp ; Harp-Way-Flat j High-Way-Sharp ^ and High 
Way-Flat. Thefe being Chiefly Set for your Troft , Thofe will he more 
for your Tleafure. 

The Conolufi- J ^fJ\\\ therefore AW Conclude This Work., as iFirJi began It, viz 
wotk- with with fome T)ivine Conf derations^ and give fome hints or Glances, 
fome Divine JVorthy your High Regard-., manifefting thereby, the Great Excel- 
Coniidcracicm ^^^^^ o^ Muftcl{_, in Reference to the Contemplating Tart Thereof:, 
in which you will find there are 3 Great Myfieries lye couch'd, yet 
made Clearly 'Difcernable, by the Tra&ickfFart. 

The 



ISdupck in Qeneral, t6^ 



The I i?. is, concerning the TteoDi^erwg^ot Contra-Qualities, f^^^-^j^^'^j 
in whole Nature, viz. The Good, and the Evil , Love, and Ha- fick,apparcni:. 
tred--) Joy, zndSorrow-^ Tleafure, and Tain:, I-ight, and 2)<«r;^- 'y Difccxnable 
nefs ^ FeaiKtr, and HeU j God, and the Tlevil-^ Plainly Percei- ^^'^^ ''"• 
Ved, by the Conchords, and iJifihords , Agreements, and 2^?7ri!- 
greements, betwixt the 7 T)ijlinB Tones. 

Two of the which are Co Harridlj-Hateful, and Vnpleajing-^'^}^^^^^^l'[f 
that «<? Harmonicd Ear is a^leto endure them ; Tho(e are the 2<sf. Nature. 
and the yth ■■, both which ( in a manner ) are the fame ; For if 
we will admit an Eighth, to be the fame with an Vnifon, ( as we 
muft do5 both from the Nature, and VJe of It j the 7th. being a 
■2d. to the 8*^- ) They muft needs be both of the fame Nature. 

The 2d. That Trofound My fiery of Myfieries, viz. of the Holy 
Trinity, is Perlpicuoufly made Plain, by the Connexion of Thofe . 
3 Harmonical Conchords, viz. i, 3, 5, ( rliore than which Number, conchords! ' 
cannot ( by all the fVit, or Jrt of Man ) be put together at the 
fame time, (in Counter-foint--^ Any One of Them, Sounding Alone, 
( or with Its Unities, or QUaves, ( never (b many ) is very Tlea- 
fant, and'Delightful ':) but all 3 Sounding together, ismuchmorej 
yea V^utterably-Contentive. 

The 3^/. isthe (nole(si5>>"^«j;e, than) Stupendious Myjiery o£ 

,zn O&ave, or Eighth ; the which^ although you feem to Jhfent, 

or go far off from the Vnity ; yet in Jts Center Line, you Marvi- 

loujly, ^ndMyfieriouJlyVnite, dind Harmonize, even as It were in 

Vnity Tt felf 

I will (peak a Z/V//?, of a Gre^f 7)e«/, that might be (aid of 
27»e/e 3 Wonderful Myfieries 5 and CoFinifij This my whole Work^ 

And in the Contemplation of The(e 3 (b very Notable, High, Concerning 
and Sublime Speculations ; Firft take Notice, that in 27i»- Art, the |^f.unityr' 
very Ze^ Imaginable degree of departure, or Seperation from 
Vnity, is Jrksome, and unpleafing to the ZWr of any Harmonical, 
and Well-Tun d Soul. As for Example '-^ We will (uppofe, that 
the T>7 fiance of a whole A^<?/e in Mufick^, may T^w/J}^ of 10, 20, 
or an iooooq Tarts, or 'Deg'ree/j or as many as you can Imagine^ 
or Number up, ( with ^ew, J«4, anH 'P^;)^^ ) in fb many Years, 
^c. ( for fo It may be very, Eafie to give aZrae/? TiemonSiration 
Thereof.) 

I fay, the Ze^/? 'Departure, or DiBance Imaginable , of any 
of Thofe ^Degrees, from the True Central-Toint of L'»z>y, is That 
Dif-fatisfaUion htiox^Specified'-iXht. which may be perceiv'd as well 
by the Eye, (in theVibration of a F^Z/e String, where there may 
be difcern'd a kind oC Refikfnefs, or Vnquietnejs^ by Reafin of 
Its Vnequal Weight, or Toyfing ) as by the Z<«y, in the T)ifunity, 
or Vntunablenefs, either of Voices, or Strings'-) for there cannot be 
in either, any 7r«e Satisfa&ion, or Content •-, but there will feem 
to be znVnquiet Snarling^and 7<«m«g,little or much,according to 
the 'DiUance from the 7r«e Tew^er of Vnity-^ yet when»They Med 
j«^ in T/&<2^ Central-Toint, there will be difeern'd,a Perfeft Quiet- 
nefi, or StiUnefs , a Tleafure tinexprejjible : This is apparent to 
y^^ Experience, and may eafily be Try'd, andProv'd Thus : As 
for Example. Mm Let 



i66 AiufickisA/LyFricaL^ and 



Let any 2 Voices^ endeavour to Sing ( ftrongly ) together. 
Gam-tit^ and A-re 5 A-rCi and B-Kiis or any other 2 of the Scak^ 
( next adjoyning ) and there will quickly be perceived That Tor- 
menting Vnffifferabk Horrour before mentioned 5 even (uch, as a 
True harmonicd Ear^ is no more able to endure the noile. of^ 
than the cutting of his own F/e/7j. ■ f/rvr^ ..,:. 

And This is that We call a T^ifchord in Mufichj^ and is a moft 
A Lively si- ExaU^ And Lively Simile of the Bad Nature, viz. Terplexity, 
Bad Nature. Vexation, Anxiety, Uorrour, Torture, HelI,T)eviliJi}nefi-^ yea, of 
the 'Devil It felf ^ fo Ahominahly Hateful, and Contrary is It , to 
Perfed: Vnity, or Goodnefs : And is the True Nature of Thoje 2 
T)7ftances in Mufick^, viz. the id. and the yth. fothat although 
they be ( of all other DiUances ) the neareft to Vnity 3 yet are 
They the Mofi Remote in their A^^/we, Contrary, and HatefuE^ 
fo that That Old Common known Troverb, ( The Nearer the Church^ 
the further from God) may Here belaid, to findltsOr/gz^^/^and 
It may as Aptly be (aid of This Experitnent, viz. The Nearer to 
7Jnity, the farther from Agreemetif-i except involv'd into the very 
Eleart, or Center Thereof 
Concerning -j} ■ ^^j ^^nother 7)i fiance, caird a Difcor^i, viz, xheAtL 

die 4f''. which , ,. ■' r 1 tCt -' rr- 1 • L T-L /- i r^ " 

is both Con- btlt nothing 01 tht Nattfre, or A7»rf with Inoie other Two; 
c"'^H°'^'*'- ^^'^ (^^ ^ "^*^ '^ ^^y ) ^'^^^y T^vaitrable 'Difcord ; Its Hurts not. 
fher,' " like to the other 5 and there is a way m Art found out, ( yet in- 
deed is Nat-ttral^ to make the /\.th. a Terfedi Harmony ; and for 
my part, I cannot call It a T)ifcord ; but (hall rather call It a New 
ter, viz. neither Concord, nor T)ifcord\ but as It may beus'd. It 
is both, and of vsvy Eminent Good Vfe, in the Mixture ofTartsj 
But to Strike It, or Sirnnd It Bare, or Single, to Any one 5^4r^, 
It is a Hard-Staring-Note. 

Let Thus much fufBce, for the fetting forth the Bad Quality in 
Nature j Plainly 'Difcemable, Thus, in This Art of Mnfick- 
Cpncem'ng Now as to the Good Quality in Nature,heiore made mention of^ 
tSreJ^andui' C^nd the Contrary to 2^' J It will as Plainly Oiowltrdf, by the 
id. Great "^ Very Single Vnity (or Vnifon') alone, c/z.- the Central-Vnitin^ 
Mj'ftery. together of any 2 Voices , or Sounds^ at the fame time ; but is 
more wonderfully apparent in the Connexion, oiVniting toge- 
ther of the 3 Tarts':) from whence likewife This Old Trover^, 
(.Tria funt Omnia) may as properly be faid to take Its Bife^ 
and will as fignificantly Explain, That fore-mentioned 7d. Great 
My fiery, which is a kind of Trinity in Vnity, undVnity'm Tri- 
nity, ( with Revercjtce be It fpoken ) in the Confenting, and A- 
greeing Chords among Thofe 7 before Cpoke of^ vi%. that in That 
whole Number, there are but only Three, which may, or can be 
Joyned together at the fame time, in Harmonical Agreement 5 
which Three ( in the Exfre\fion of Them ) are All, fo at Vnity^ 
ftnd Confent, that we receive Them, (though AllVarioits ) into 
OUT Capacities, zs. one Jntire Vnity. And They pleafe us Much 
More fo Vnitcd, than any one of Them Single, or any 2 toge-. 
ther. Ancf there is firch an Amplitude, or Fullnefs of SatisfaBton, 
mJhofe ^Conchards, that no Exprejfion of Words is (ufficient to 

declare 



Contemplame Van. z6'j 



declare the Height of Tleafure^ and SatisfaBion received from 
Them. Much le(s unfold the Secret^ or Occult MyUery which 
lies in Them. 

Thus much of the 2 Firji Myjieries, Explain dimm the whole 
Number of the 7 Chords , or Keys in the Jrt , beyond which 
(according to the very Nature of ItJ we cannot Pa(si,yet we are 
Paid toExceed,intothe ^th. 0h. Hoth. nth. I7th. \i2,th. 14th. i$th. 
Sec. which is the 'Double Eighth : All which are no more, ( In- 
deed ) than to Repeat over, the very fame Chords again ; for 
the Sth. is as an Vmfon, the ^th. as a 2^,the 10th. as a ^d. &c. But The ^d. stw 
Tflis is flill more a Stupendioufly-Stranffe-Myftery , for although pendious, and 
you (eem to Jbfent^ or go farther ott, trom theU«?ifj/ 5 yetm rabie Myfiery. 
the ^'^(sf, you Marviloujly Harmonize, j^ccord, and Jgree, even 
as It were in the Unity It felf. 

Now Reafon in all 7yGe/e Things, is at a perfefl: J><«»^ j can (ay 
Nothing Satisfa&orilyMXxto It 5 How, or by what Means, It (hSuld 
Thus come to pafi 5 But that It is (b, is Plain- by AH Experience. 

I will a Little 'DemonJiratetheWonderfulnefs of an Eighth, in 
Mujic^, according to my beft Conceptions, ( though very weak 
Abilities ) yet doubt not, by what I (hall (ay, but to give you 
fome (uch Lively Jpprehenjtons of the Tra^A, and Reality of 
^y6/j- F^j^ My^ery, that you (hall certainly be touch'd with Jd^ 
miration^ in a !Z)«e Confideration Thereupon. 

As Firft, take Notice of the Ground^and Certainty of an Eighth, what i) the 

o-; "^ Certainty, or 

^^*^- ^ * , ^ „ , . , Groundof 

' By Experience, We find, that in any String, be It of what that Myftery 
' length foever, f J'A^r^ or Long) the very midft of That String, £|jcfc^' '° 

* will produce an Sth. So that ( to come quickly td di(cern Thj^ 
' Wonder') you may (uppo(e a String to be loooo Miles Lgng^ or 

* fo Ztf»^, as would Encompa(s the whole Earth, ov Heavens i, 
« That String divided in the midft, would produce but Only One 
' O[iave,ox Eight h-^(hm you liauft (uppo(e,by Come Jrt,or:Tower 

* that That String may h^Stretch'd^sxCd made toJ*?^«i/.-)Then again, 

* the other Half, in Its MidJl,-wo\x\d as certainly do the like; and' 
' (b on, iri Sub-divijion, till you come to the Length of a Lute 
' or a Bafs Viol String, which we fee, does the like 3 (b a](b does 
' the H^^ Thereof, viz. the Treble-Viol String:^ fb agam,T)imni{te- 
' Lefs-Jnflruments,v'\t. the Z/^/e ^'z«j,&c.The //^/^ of all which 

' produce theirZ7^^</{»j.*Then (till yOU muft rUn down(Thus)ini«^- 

* dividing, till you come to a String of an Inch Long\, and Therew 

* the H(df Jnch^ will ftill be an Eighth ; and from thence, unto the 
' very Leafi Imaginable Diminutenefs, viz. an Attome:, which al- 

* though, by Reafon of Our Bounded Limitation, as to Our Natti- 
' ral, and Corporial Organical-Capacities, we are made Incapable 
'of either Exprejfing, or T)ijiinguijinng Cnchlnviftble^ Little-^ 

* neps 5 yet by our more Capacious, Rational, and Jpprehenjivc 

' faculties, we muft needs grant a Confent unto, wz;, that ftill an ^ nion infi- 
' Attome- Length of a String,m2iy be Infinitely "Divided ; and fo w^ihi'^'^ 

* confequendy produce lis Eighths. '°*" 

M m 3 this 



i68 Mtifick^s M'^^ical^ and 



This is anVfidemable, and ZJnHtterable Myficry^ viz. Ivjinity 
of ItijinHenefs-^oih of an Vnlimted^and Wondrous Vajlnefs-^ and 
likewife a kind of Bonndlefs Intermmated-L ittlenejs 5 both which, 
in the Mylicry^ fignifie the fame Thing to me, concerning the 
Wonderfulnefs of the Alntighths Myftical Being 5 which is the 
Things I would have Well Noted, from This laji mentioned My-^ 
ifery, fo TDifcernable Tlain in Mvjickji and is a Mojl Worthy^ and 
l^jigh Conjideration, becoming the Higheji T)ivine Thilofophers^ 
and the Largenefs, and Capacioufnefs o^ our Souls and Minds. 

And from hence, I cannot but Apprehend (bme fort of ^«d!- 
logy^ relating to the Manifejiatton o( ^ovae Significant (though 
ZJnexpreJJible ) Conception, of the Infinite, and Eternal Being 5 
the Center, and the Circumference, have fuch an Jbfolute Vni- 
form Relation, and T^ependance the One to the Other, that Both 
fLlQHEqual Myfi:ery, znd Wonder. 

And Thus by Mufick., may both of Them be Contemplated, 
and made perceptible fo , that whofbever (hall Experiment^ 
what I have here writ, as being Himfclf made AX?i?er of It^ by 
His own ObfervatioN, and Vnder Han ding-, He fhalJnot only be- 
lieve what I Thus fay, concerning Thefe MyBeries oi^ Mufickj, 
but (hall fay, EJe Knows It to be True, and together with It, find 
(uch an In fiance, ( yea Confirmation ) of the Wonderful Worthing 
Toiver, and Wifdom of the Almighty God--, that //»• Faith (hau 
agift™"'^ be fo far ftrengthned Therein, that He fhall never after T^egene-^ 
theii'm, rate into That Grofs Sub-Beajiical Sin of Atheifm. 

Thus I hope Mnficl^ may be conceiv'd, and allow'd to have a 
hear Affinity to Tiivinity, in reference to the !Z)ee/>, and t^«<5^e- 
terminable Myjieries of Both, after This v/ay o^ Comparifon. 
'.\ Much-much more could I fay, of the Admirable, and Sublime 
EficEfs : The Vnexprejfrb/e, and Vnvalnable Benefits of 7/&^ 2)z- 
zv/ze Xr/ 3 the which ( I thank God ) I have found to my /«- 
Vernal Comfort, and Refrcflimcnts -: but my ^<7<74is ^w'^^'S^to too 
great a Btilk^, and Therefore I muft Conclude. 

I will only let you Here, for the ule of your Contemplation, 
conccming Thk laU Mention d MyUery, the beO: Explanation I 
can conceive of the Reafon of an Eighth in Eluftck^-^ and lb 
commit you tb your own '^Fictts, and E)ivine Conceptions, con- 
cerning th-e Infinite, and Eternal Being. 

And Here It is. 



G R EAT 



Qontemplathe Vart. 



.x6' 9 




Great GOD. 

1y|Yfterious Center of All Myfterie^ 

■^ -*• Al/ Things Originate Themfelves in Thee ; 

And in Their Revolution, rehoUy tend 

7^ Thee, ?'/&«> Oftave, T^e/r M?/? Happy End, 

AU Things (whate're) in Nature, are Thus Momded^ 
Thus Myftically Limited, and Bounded 3 
Son/e Harmonize in Diapafbns Deep, 
Others again, more Lofty C'ncles Keep. 
But Thou, the Moving Caufe in every Thing ^ 
The Myftick Life, from whence AU Life doth Spring. 
That Little Spark <?/ Life, which I cal/ Minp, 
It came from Thee '■) ( a. Precious Gift of Thine ) 
I Blefs Thy Name, 1 7)aily frsl It move, 
And Circulate ^^n'<«>'<^j' Thee, ItsHigheftLovc. 
I've almoji Run my Round 5 'tk weUnigh paji, 
I Joy to tbin^of Thee, (My Firfl:^ My Laifc ) 
A Unifbn (' at Firji ) I was in Thee , 
An Octave (" now at Lafi ) I hope fj} all be^ 
To Round Thy Prailes in Eternity, 
In th' Unconceiv'd Harmonious Myftery. 



A9> 



cr- 



170 



Muficl(s Myfiical^ and 



TTow Mufick 
would be 
tna^e ufe of, 
to the Kcfi 
Advantage. 



Caufc, why 
Mufick is fo 
rauchSleighc- 
cd,or Dif-rf 
garded by So 
bcr Good 
People. 

Who only 
can find nie 
Trut Benefit 
of Mufick. 



j4 Terfivafive AdjunB^ T^inUed to AU Sober ^ and Serious-meaning 
Chrijiians, roho are in a. Mijia^e-, concerning the Trite^ andFigh 
Worthy of Mufick., if Rightly made nfe of. 

THE Great Benefit arifing from Thefe Sublime^ and Tranfcen- 
dent Speculations, will be an undoubted means to Razfe, and 
Elevate, Sober, and Tious Minds, beyond All Infer i our., /otv, and 
Common Things'-fo as They may be fVxW, only upon (That 'Pro- 
per, and True ObjeB of Souls ) the Beitjg of Cur Beings , who 
although Tnvifible^ as to our Outward Bodily Eyes, yet Nothing is 
more Certainly, and Clearly Obvious to our Internal True Sight. 

Thus would! have Muftc^ to be made u(e of, 5 there being 
Nothif^g of Art, and Science, under Heaven , more Troperly, 
Significantly, and Towerfully fit for 7)ivine , and Contemplative 
Good Chri^ians, than /if , by Reafon of Its Acchording, or J/z??- 
pathit.ing Faculty with our Jl?////, and Minds, if Rightly under- 
ftoOd, and us'd. But if Abitsd, ( as IDivinity It felf, together, 
with It, is moft G'r<?/?)' J It works to Vanity, Lycencioufnefs, and 
the Intoxicating oi'oavMi»ds, with Fo//y, and Madnejs :, even 
as may be ften in the mif-u(e of Tlivinity, according to another 
Old Troverb, ( Corruptio Optimi efi Fejfima ) viz. The Beli 
Things Corrupted, are the Worfl. 

Now, if in This My 'Difcourje I have (aid any Thing which 
may not Sound T leafing in the Ears of Any ^ efpecially Thofe of 
the Sober Sort, under any Form of Religion, Seif, or way of 'Di- 
vine Worfinp whatever, d^c. I defire to be Excits'd, in regard I 
have Writ Nothing, in This Book^, taken up upon Trufi, either 
by Flear-fay,ox from any other Author,nmch lefs out of any Humo- 
rotts,ox: Conceited Fancy jhwt Really, znd Sincerely, Vfhax. I have Ex-> 
perimented in my own Soul--^ and therefore think It very Tit, and 
Worthy to be Related. 

The Principal Argument that I could ever yet hear fpoken a- 
gainft Mufick, ( by Tho(e who pretend moft to Zeal, aud Tiety) 
and none' more (peak againft It, or fleight It, than many fuch 
( which is Greatly to be Lamented) was occafion'd, by Reafon of 
the Great Abufe of Muficl{,w\i\c\\ It daily fuffers^and I do acknow- 
ledge, with much Sorrow, thsit\t\s Generally Abus'd, even as!Z)/- 
OT«?jf;' It felf is, ( than the which. Nothing is more) and very 
juftly might, and may they ftill fay, that It is us'd ( by too many) 
toftir up, ^and Excite Lightnefs, Vainnefs, Jocundity, and Folly ^ 
■ and nothing more 7r»e5which is the Great Caufe, why (b many 
Hundreds, or Thoufands, of Sober, and WellTJifpofed Teople do A- 
void It, as being Afraid to meddle with It, though (indeed) It is 
Mofl Troper, and fit-) even for ibchT)ifpofed Teople, of Grave Se- 
rious Confideraiions, and Inclinations, fof None but Such, can u(e 
Mufick , fo, as to find the Right Vfe, and True Benefit of It. 

Therefore to fuch Sober Teople, I thus much fay, It would be 
very well worth Their Examination, to try, whether They 1 hem • 
(elves do not Erre on the One Hand, in the Negleif, and Contempt 

of 



[ontemplathe Vart. z"] i 



of It 5 ( being an Ordinance of God ) whilfl: others do miPufe It, 

and Erre on the Other: And likevvile to conrider,of what Eminent ^^^^^^^f^^l 

ZJfe It has been all along, both by they^/z/^m/j/of theO/<a? and who defpife 

jSejv TefL-imnt, in the L harch of GW^ And if They will be Rul'd church-Mu- 

by Example ( as Moji Religionifts are, who Generally follow their 

Leaders^ like fo many Harmkfs Silly Sheep •■, Co that if one Leap 

Ovcr-Board^zW the Red immediately f6llow,be It Right or Wrong) 

Let them make Choice of the BeU^ and riioft Tnfallible Ex ample s--,, 

and fuch as have been aJluredly Infpired with the Trne Spirit of 

6>js?5(which too many now adays pretend unto, to very (ad purpo- 

fes.)To which end,let th^mSearch theBihle^md fee if any fuch may, 

there be found 5 and if fo, then to follow Them.To which purpole 

Read Thefe certain Texts of Scriptitre^heve following 5 and there 

they will find a moCc Eminent Example : Ont that wa^ Infallibly 

Infpird ^ a Chofen Vefel of God, and Eighly Beloved ofBf^r^ aTro- p^^f ''^^p'^- 

pket, and a Great King, wbofe Throne is Ejiablijlfd for ever. 

That Chapter IS very Notabk\\n ExpreJJing Gods Everlafting Love 
toT)avid, and His Seed^oC whom caTncChri^,the King of Kings-^ 
who likevvile gave Exhortations fufficient Himtelf, for ThWDfttji 
of Singing "Traijes in L'is j^Jfemblies^is you may find in my Former 
Tlifconrfe concerning Tfalms-Singing- -, 

i?e^isf again concerning Davids Great 'Diligence for the Houfc of 

God^ in I Chr. 22, and fo forward to the End of That Bookj, yet 

more efpecially Bead Chap 23. v. 5. where you may find, that 4000 

'Fraifed the L ord, with Inflrtimcnts which I made ( faith David) to 

Traije therewith. l^ga.mCk2'y.See'wh^t cate was taken to Separate 

Terfons Fit for That Service, and H ho fhould Trophejie with Flarps^ 

^falteries, and SymbolsXfnch Jnflruments of MufickjusThty had iri 

Thofe Times) and the Number of Them, (as in the jth. Verfc)thdt 

were InjiruSfed in the Songs of the Lord., ( even all that were O//?- 

ning) was 288. . : 

This was the Great Care o^Trophet KingDavidXhat Holy Good 

MaifC after Gods own Heart )He knew not how to 'Traife God Bet- 

?er,than in fuch Exprcjfions, which were All Harmony^ Lauds., and 

Traifes, Witnefs h[\s whole jBaok^oPTf.- Some TarticuUr 'Places 

only I will here name, ( for It would'be too Teadious to (et them 

all down. ) — Tf(^. 2. Mind the Joyful Exprejjions ( furely as well 

of His Soul,as)oC His Voice,v'\z, I will be Glad^and Rejoyce in Thee--, 

I will Sing Traifes unto Thy Name, O Thou Moil High.Agam,Tfso. ^^°''^'^ "^^f^ 

/[..Sing unto the Lordf) ye * Saints ofHis'-,andgive Thanks at the Re- be called 

niemhrance of His Holinefs> And from This 'Flace It may be Noted, ^^,'""' ^^^ 

That there sveTroperlySaints of God,zndImproperly Saint sfo called. 

His Saints will not Refttfe to Sing His Traifes^Sitre. Yet let us take 

Great heed, when we take upon us Ty&4f J'^/^Sf/^e-^ fF(?r4, that we be 

not Unholy'^Vi ltsTerformancc.,and do It Hypocritical/y,Sleightlj,or 

Scurvily, or for any By- End, or RefpeCi whatfbever, but only for 

the Glory of God. 

' Riad again Tf 33.. i. Rejoyte in the Lord O ye Righteous, for 

traife is comely for the Vpri^t. And then V. 2. He (hews them iri 

what manner they (hould Traif Flim, viz. Traife the Lord with 

Harpj 



— ^' ■ _ 

27 1 Mu/icJ^s Myftical^md Contemplathe Van. 



Harp-f Sing tmto I^im with the Tfaltefy 5 andanlnjlrumentofio 
Striitgs,V. 3. SiKg unto Bim a New Song^Tlay SkilfMy teith a Loud 
Voice : And then in the whole Tfalm through, he gives the Rea- 
fins for fo doing, as fo many Strong Arguments j which will be 
well worth your Reading, and Noting. 

Again Tf.^j.O Clap your Hand^ together allyeTeopk, Shout unto 

HifH with the Voice ofTrumpetr^ The Reajons again follow, till K 6. 

1;^ where It is Thu s^Sing Traifes unto God^Sin^raiJes'-^SingTraifes nn- 

Note weii. f^ q^^. King.Sing Traijes :Thus 4 Times in This Short Verfe It is R.e- 

peated^and as if It were notfufficient, He ftill Adds in the jth.V. 

For God is Kmg of All the Eartk-^Sing ye Traifes with underjianding: 

Again Tf.66.Make a Joyful Noije tmto God':,Sing forth the Honour 

of His Name--, Make His Traifi Glorious, V. 4. Jll the Earth fjjall 

Iforpip Thee^andpall Sing unto TheeXheyflmll Sing unto Thy Name. 

Again yyT 81. Sing J loud unto God Our Strength, mah^ a Joyful 

Noife unto the God (9/ Jacob, Takg ^Pfalm, and bring hither the 

Timbrel--) the Tleafant Harp, with the Tfaltery-, Blow up the Trumpet 

in the New Moon, in the Time Appointed, on Our Solem Feafi Day ; 

For This is a Statute, for Ifirael, and a. Law of the God <?/ Jacob. -^ 

Mark ye That 5 1 1 is a Z aw. 

Again y/92. Tt isa GoodThing to Sing Traifes unto the Name 
of the Mofi hJigh, V. 3. Vpon an Injirument of 10 Strings, with the 
Tfiltcry and Harp ; with a Solemn Sound. 

Thus is the Ferventnefs, anAGreat 'Devotion o^ This Good Man 

of God, Seen, And to This Purpofe, He may be Trac'd, almoft 

quite through His Whole Zz/t'^asby Abundance of Places more I 

might Injiance in 5 which I fuppole needlefs at This Time. 

An imde nia- ^^^ ^'^^^^ Mujtck^ a Low Inferiour Defpi cable Thing, as moft of 

bie Argument, the Great Zedlots oi this Our .Age, on the One Hand do EBeem 

fickK ^"' 1^5 An^ the Abufers,ot Sleighters of It on the 0/Aer,caure It fo to be 

Valuable. ^ thought,by theirProphanation,oriVeg/f^ of It3Certainly,(7>&;/yro- 

phetical King ) was (bme Silly-Conceited-ldle-Headed-Jntoxicated- 

Brainfick:JnthuJiafi ; or one that ftands in Scripture-Story, for a 

meer Fixion, or a Lye'-, (and the Scripf»>-^ It ftlf muft needs be 

judg'd the Same,') or elfe They do not believe That Bookj, fome 

of Thefe Confequences muft needs follow ; or elfe, moft afluredly, 

Myfck^ is ( as Ever It muft, and ought to be Efieemed') a Thing 

of High Value •■, and of Principal Regard, and Vfe, in the Church, 

and Service of God. ' And the which, ( from what has been al- 

* ready (aid,or from whatfoever to the contrary can be faid,againft 
' It, by the Teevifmefs, and Ignorance of the Worfioflts Enemies) 
' will beaLaJiing Monument, and a Glorious,and the Moji Becom- 

* ing Ornament,iov the Tureji of Divine Souls,and the MoH Wer' 
' thy Worthies in Divinity, and in Gods True Church. 

' And I am fubjed toBelieve,(if inEternity we fliall make ufe of 
' any L anguage,ox ftiall not underftand One Another,hy fome More 
' Spiritual Conveyances, or Infufions of perceptions, than by Verbal 

JX^^^'^ ' Language')That MufckCTt Self)mayheThatEternal,andCwleftial ° 
langusgeof ''Language. AUelujah, AUelufah, AUelujah. 



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