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Full text of "The narrative of the captivity and restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson. First printed in 1682 at Cambridge, Massachusetts, & London, England. Now reprinted in facsimile; whereunto are annexed a map of her removes, biographical & historical notes, and the last sermon of her husband, Rev. Joseph Rowlandson"

i 







Mrs. Mary Rowlandfon s 
Narrative 



Limited to Two Hundred and Fifty Copies, 
of which this is No.. ....#. $... 



The Narrative 



OF THE 




Restoration 



OF 



M r - s Mary Rowlandfon 

FIRST PRINTED in 1682 at Cambridge, 
MajachufettS) Sf London, England. 
Now reprinted in Fac-pmile 

Whereunto are annexed 

A Map of her Removes, Biographical & Hi/I or ic a I 

Notes, and the laft Sermon of her hufband 

R e . v JOSEPH ROWLANDSON 



LANCASTER, Ma/achufetts 
M DCCCC III 



UNIVERSITY PRESS JOHN WILSON 
AND SON CAMBRIDGE, U.S.A. 



PREFACE 

THE corporate life of Lancafter, Maffachufetts, 
dates from May 28, 1653. Now that its two 
hundred and fiftieth anniverfary draws near, it is 
thought a fitting time for the republication of the famous 
Narrative of Captivity written by Mary Rowlandfon, the 
devout helpmate of Lancafter s firft ordained minifler. Our 
plea of feafonablenefs is fupported not alone by the fa6l 
that her fimply told tale was the earlieft literary compofi- 
tion by a citizen of the town to win the diftin6tion of 
print; it is alfo an invaluable contribution to early New 
England hiflory ; it is an authentic and graphic contem 
porary delineation of the manners and cuftoms of the 
primitive children of the foil, from whom our anceftors 
relentleffly wrefted their beautiful and beloved heritage, in 
order to enrich us and our pofterity ; it is an eloquently 
pathetic record of grave perils bravely encountered, and 
terrible fufferings patiently borne with an unfwerving faith 
in the wifdom and mercy of an overruling Providence. 
Firft iffued from the prefs in 1682, it at once commanded 
attention in Old as well as New England. No book of its 
period in America can boaft equal evidence of enduring 
public favor with this work of a comparatively uneducated 
Lancafter goodwife ; and very few books in any age or 



M504258 



PREFACE 

tongue, if we except the imaginative mafterpieces of in- 
fpired genius, have been diftinguilhed with more editions. 
At leaft thirty reprints atteft the popular intereft in this 
modeft ftory of perfonal experience. Even a copy of one 
of the many cheap pamphlet editions is now fo rare that 
it brings a great price in the book auctions. 

The publifhers of the various reprints of the book have 
wantonly mutilated the original text by their emendations. 
The fecond edition of 1 682, the earlieft of which an example 
is known to furvive, is here reproduced, by photographic 
procefs, from the rudely printed and badly damaged copy 
once belonging to John Cotton, now preferved in the Prince 
Collection of the Bofton Public Library. To James Lyman 
Whitney, A.M., Librarian, our thanks are due for the 
generous facilities afforded in making this facfimile. To 
George Parker Winmip, A.M., Librarian of the John 
Carter Brown Library, Providence, Rhode Ifland, we owe 
the favor of reproducing the titlepage of the London edition 
of 1682, and to the courtefy of the Librarian of the Britilh 
Mufeum the privilege of photographing that of 1720. 

The Rowlandfon fermon is found bound with the copy 
of the Narrative in the Prince Library, and was reprinted 
with the firfl Englifh edition. It is therefore appropriately 
included here. It is hoped that the Map of Removes and 
the copious annotations appended may be welcomed by 
fludents of our local hiftory. 

HENRY STEDMAN NOURSE 
JOHN ELIOT THAYER 

LANCASTER, 1903 

[vi] 



CONTENTS 

Fac-fimile reproduction, Rowlandfon Narrative, Cambridge, 

1682 PAGE 

Title ix 

Preface xi 

Narrative i 

Notes to Narrative 75 

Bibliography 109 

Rev. Jofeph Rowlandfon s Laft Sermon 121 

Notes to Rowlandfon Sermon 147 

ILLUSTRATIONS 

Map of Mrs. Rowlandfon s Removes facing .... 76 

Rowlandfon Rock 87 

Redemption Rock, Princeton 103 

The Mary Rowlandfon Locker 107 

Fac-fimile Title-page, London, 1682 no 

Fac-fimile Title-page, Bofton, 1720 113 

Fac-fimile Title-page, Bofton, 1773 117 

Fac-fimile Title-page of Sermon 123 

Fac-fimile Rowlandfon s Apology facing 156 



[vii] 




Together, 

With the Faithfulnefs of *Hrs Promifrs 
Difpfaycd. ; 

Being a 

NARRATIVE 

Of the Captivity and 2(est4iir*tJG* of 



Commended by her, to all that 
know-the Lords doings to, ; 
dealings with Her. 

f a her dear Children a 

The fecond AddhionCorteftcd and amended. 

"Written by Her own Hind for Her private Ufe, and now 
"rr.*de Publicist (hforneftDefireof tome Friends> 
and for the benefit ofche Aff lifted- 

yf 1 *?*.- *9> Seenowtktt I, even I ambe } andthm u <> 
God rciih me . j t,^ anl ^ f ma ^ e <t l l j >ej [ wand and I r.ettl 
neither t, , b f r t my can dehvtr out vfmj hand. 



C- Jl Jtf B R / D. G ft 

Printed by Samuel Gtee> i 6 8 a. 



This 500* belongs to 

NEW-ENGL AND-Z/ 

Begun to be colJe&ed by THOMAS 
upon his cncring Harvard-Collete^ July 
<o and was given \q dcuZ (?t+*ue 

b//dl Cv 
brditru &- 
c* lr 



The Trefae to th 

READER, 



. 

I a?5 on Tue/2ty, fifr. \ . i Oft ._ fe $e afternoon, when th> 

I Nrr>><jj/~/qurters(in or to ward ^b* [NifmugOowtry t ^hj 
I ther they arc now rely red fqr fear of the^/ ; j> Army lying 
I in tncir own Country) were rbe fecond time be tien op, by the 
I Forcesofibe united Colonies* who thereupon toon betook 
<9L. themfelvesto flighted wtrc ill t he next day purfued by the 
Ingkjb, P*me overtakes and dftroyed, Bui on TkurfiHj^ Feb. 3,; 
The Engtfy having now been fix dayes on their march, from theft 
bedqqttccrSvSt Wickfd t \n the NtftbagwJetCooK r Ty t towirtk 
and after the Enemy, and prpyifion grown .exceeding iKoit, info- 
much that they wtre fain to killfome HorfcSfor the fupply, r fpeci, 
alty of i heir Inditn friends, tl?t y were ncccilifaKd fo confide whjc 
wasbe/Vtobcdone.- And about noon (.JuvinghithrrLo/ollowed 
the chafe as hard as.ihey might) a Councill wjscjJJc-d, aodj^hoogh 
fome few were ofrmother min J, yt it was concluded by iti tha 
greater part of the Council! of War, tba: the Army ftodddefift the 
jptirfuft ,and retire the Forces of PlimOiub and the Say to tbcnext 
,S"ou/rt of the ^jy, and CoitntQicut Forces to their own nejftTowns*- 
Which Jclerminalion Wjsirtimfd jtelyput incxecuiion, Thecxyi" 
fdqaent whereof . as it was not difficult to be foreieen by thoTcthat 
Inewihf caullffs enmity of thefe BarbaTitw, againA tne &n&h8> t 
laiid the mjlicious and rtvengeft)! fpirit of thefe Heathen : Yo it 
jfoo"^>roved difmall. 

i Vh* Warr/tte. Jm werrtiow driven quite from their own Coun- 
( my, .TniaHl their ptovifions there hoarded up, to which they durft 
Inotat prefentreturn, and^being fo numerous a* they were, fuondo 
teurcd tbofe to whom they wenH whereby both the one and other 
Wienow reduced totxtrejm ft raits, and loncctiTitjfed ro tkc the 
beft opportunay tor fupply, an d ?ery gfad, no doubt of 
pporruDity as this, to provide For thctnfelves, and make 
re *gl>Jb atonce ; and feeing rhemfelyes i 



l&heir purfuen, and a liule refreshed after tlnjr flight., tfe ?ery 
pfcfr.wek 0aZfc*feh Fr&, to. they fell wiih rn igtttf fbrcB-^wd 
VV opoo Itaeafler : wbkk (mijl Town, rewotftfrom aidef<hpirj7 
Rot being GirifpneH as ir might, the Army being now come in* 
as ibiiroe indeed rcqultvd C t!ie 4fign of tbt //^w Jieainft 
A 8 dut 



tfcit (dice being known to the g/j/f> Come time before) 

ableio nuke eftcttsul refinance : biHCKKwitWbndlngutraoflendea- 
Von- or the Inhabitants, moft of the bbildings were turned into 
fbes i many Popfe ( Men. Women and Children ) (lain, ttd.o, 
tbers captivated. T tc moft folemn ind remarkable jurt of tKi> 
Tu>cdy,nuytlut;uftly be reputed, which fell opoi the Family of 
thatrtvertrtd Servant of God, Mr.JJ~ffbRolin4ft*, the fritjtfr.ll 
Paftor of Chrift in ibn plice, who being none down to. the Coo c il 1 
of the M,fftchuftit -to leek aid for the defence of the place , tl bis 
return found the Town inAuncs> or fraoke, bis own houfe being fee 
-<m fire by che&aemy, through-roe difadv^nuge of a defeftive Forci-. 
ficttion, and all iu if cjunlumcd his prtcious yoke* fllow, trxldearf 
Children, wounded add captivated ( as thciiluevWeiKed, andfol- 
1dwioe.NarriVe declare*); by thefe cruel rtdbaibirous Salvages . 
A fid Cueftrbpbe ! Thut It rhrnt come alike co all.: N one knovV 
either love r hatred bf all (bat n before him. It is no new taiog 
for Godsprccionsooci to drink deep as others, of the Cgp 01, 
epwnon Ca)iini<*.: T^kejuftlct ( yer captivated ) fur inrtance 
beiide bthrs. Bui itisnocmybulinefsto diiiteontheO things,- 
but only in few words imr*du6ttvely to preface to the following 
fcript, which if i Nrrive oftrw *or\<Jffully awfull, wfft, noly, 
pOverAtitt -and gr>c>USproi<lenceo| Coil.. towards thar wothy 
and precious Gentlewoman, the dear Contort of the did Xfvc- 
rend Mr. RowlaHtlftm, andhcr C*\ldren withhfr, s in caftinc of 
her info fucnvif<>r|ff< pit, fo in prelervlng, fupg^rting, and Cjt- 
Jt)lMig<)hDrow fo miny focb extrcam hz rds. noloeakibjc difticnl. 
nie.a >dxlitonf tijrenefs, and tt 1)0 d elivering io r oi^ofthem ji I, 
-iadht Iiwyiving children 3 Ho. 1 1 was * |lc4n%<i j"J friazioadif 
pcft^i>*i,Vhir>hc Lord (hould foafaifth^piffcioui fivanr. md 
Ittnrt miU^r Ir w as ftrange, if not wore, ibit he itould f o beW 
upthofpTf us or his ^ervani under Ptc&brrcvircros.andorhisl>4ivf-> 
nuid-utfker ftieh captivity, tJtfelan4 rd<l>ips ( much tootvrd 
s.hdid. aod atloirbdil 



, tj ttd /wrtA /Af A/t^rr , tfxjfaj 

ni ovtrffmr thre : Wbt* thtifWatyfl ihtivgf ibi flre, thouj^a.t 
b**(, ibrffittt itxM**ki*Mr*I* * lf * l - or: 
tieln*tcibM*ttitbi<lf*itl<!v>*>*le 




t yea, ed o I e ihree O> i Idj 

n TOO, tbe fttories wfvrrof tJoreprefcnt us"wi<h i k e cKcellent tcx 
rives of divine rroyidepcrycorious pieces of dmn_*rk : and ctulr 
f# do h this , and therefore not ro be forgowea, bt raottny to W 
exhibited ro, and viewed, and /pondered by att, irut*<yiooi - 
W-r tbeoperafioo of his hands* 

("be work of tbeLord (norcalrof Gretifot, bntfprow 
lfj, e^ec ally tboie this J more pevnlhrty ottceirth 



READER. 

dear ones, that a*4 astbe.AppleofJiisEye, as the Signet Upon Hi 
Hand, the Delight of bis Ey, and the Object of bis tendered 
Care) and gre> fpugbt out of a]l thofe that hve pleatfure therein. 
Aud ofthele verity thfc it none of the leaft. 

This Narrative was penned by the Gentlewoman her felf> to\be to 
her a memorandum of Gods dealing with her, that (he migHc never 
forget, bui remember the famc> &the feverillcircumftaucesthere- 
bt, all the daycs of htr life. A pious fcope which dcferves both 
C0raaicndtion and "ifnimion : Some friends having obtained a fight 
of it, could not bur be fo rnuebgflecled with tbe.many pafliges of 
working provideocc difcovered cnerein, as to judge it worthy of 
public*. view,andaliogeth<trun neet t hat filch works of GodthouU 
behid from prefent and foture Generations: Aria 1 therefore 
though this Geml^wonans modefty wftuld not thruft it into the 
Prefs, yet her gratirude unto God made her not hardly perfwidiblc 
to lecitpaft, that CoJ might have his dueclory, and "others bene 
fit by it as vfU as ber f<lf. I hope by this time none wiU uA any 
rifieft on upoa this OenilewOrotn,on thefcoreofihi$publicrion 
ofhcr ifflifliionand delivfrince. Jfany ffiould^doubt^ Is they may 
be reckoned with fhe nine \tfei s^ of w bom it is (aid, Wh-tibeve not 
1enclt<itijin[,l?nt tre tie trine? fcfct aufroiMniag togrveGo dtbanlp. Let 
txch further know lhat this us a dirpanfalionof pubtl fclt nete> and 
of oniverfall concernment, od fo much tbcmore, by }) 3 w much 
tbe nearer this Ccpllewowin flood related i o that fiitbtull Servant 
of Gorf> whofcjcapacity odertiplejrment waspufc)lickh\ihehoufeor" 
God, and I i? name on that account of vcty (Veerfavjonc ta tlta 
Churches f ChtilJ, whois thfrc of a trueChriftian fpirif, thardhl 
not look upon hirofelfrnucbccnceraed in this bereavment,thisC4f>- 
tivity in the time thereof, and in hi deliverance when it came, 
yea n*or then inmanv othtrJ; and howrnany are lhccc,*towbo(n 
fo concerned, it will Joubtlefi be a very acceptable rtvilig fofcethe 
way of God with this Gentlewoman in the afor<ftd d fjpen&iioti, 
thus l)id out indpattrtnyed before their eyes. 

To coaclude whatever any coy phantafiesmay deem, yet ii hgltl V 
concerni th^fe that hive fudeeplytaded > how good the.f ( ord is, 10 
enioire,*icb Divtd, What Ml I retnli)r ft ike Lordjor Mb&bc 
nofttitamt Tfol. f\6. iz. H e thinks nothing too preat } yr,j. be 
ing (eoflble of his own dlfpt-0 port ion to tle AueprajfesofOod^c f s 
in.help. Ob, tnayijfe tht btrdrvlib mt, lei in exult bit N cuie tfg<tber , 
f/U 94. ; And it is but reafon, tbitout praifes lhooldhld pro 
portion with our prayCi^ \ end thicas many hach helped together by 
f>rjer for the obtaining of his Mercy , fo JHT jifes (hould be retro?<J 
by many onthi*beblf ; Andfor^muchasnotthe generrilbnro w- 
jicular knowledge of things niakes deepeft imprelTio n upoa rhdrtd- 
Oti*ns,tjbif Narrative p tticjl irking c he reyerilp-flpesofib^pr<i< 
vVience arillnor a litiie conduce ibcceunco. And tbcrefare hoU * 
\td in order to the ^ttalnmtrti of ihit end, accounts >imfelf concer 
ned to dec I ire what Gad had don e for his fool, Pj t t. 66. ib. CoVte 
*ndbetr t Aljt ibuf ftnr Gtit t end I ivilldtcltre orbat Qodhiibttouefif 



fity fal, i. i.-. for to tfti.fav. $, , l?tlifattlf<>ttlifffa ttJ 
ft/its tutvUTjett t&t ntoved, farlfieitittr Gd fojf proved tif t tbou bajl 
tn*duiy& fili>irtryi>d. Life-mercies, are bcm.jfYcftmg mercies, 
o (ft eat impreffiOa and force, to enlarge pioftshearrs in tbc.praires 
of God, to that fuch know not how but to tark of God c afts, and to 
{beak of and .publi/h his wonderfujl work?. Deep troubfe>wliea the 
wate rs com* to unto thy foul, are wont to produce vo.wes : vuwet 
imift be paid, Jff * titter nri.vtm, tbairvyso and not i fc#: I may fay^ 
that as non*.kty>WB what iti$ to fight and purfue lucr in enemy as 
this, bat they ttut have fougfct aodpurfutd them : ft-nooecan ima 
gine what ll <>* -captiva^d, and enUivcd to looh atheifticall 
proud, vri]d,craelj barbarous; bfuitifn (inpne wrd) diobolicalj 
creatures as ihefe, tbo word of the heathen ; nor what difficulties \ 
harJifcips, hazards, forrows, anxieties and perplexities do uoavoid- 
ably wait upon Fuch a condition, but thofe that h>ve tryed ir. No 
^krieos Spirit then (ffpecfajiy knowing any thing of* this uentjewo- 
rrunspiety) c*n iirn^ mc but that the vows ofGod are uponTjen Ex- 
cufe tcr then if flie come thus into publick, to pay thole vows* 
Come andliew what /he hath to fay. 

/ anttn-fHttat ibat MO fr ttnd of itivwi Tf evidence, rrill ever rtffpf tat 
time <Aatf4ifa f fpent in reading over t beftf>etn t but ttilljudg tbtrn ttqtte 
.JtHupfaJgain ani again, - 

HtttHjader, you may fee an inftanceof the Soyeraignty of ,Gbd 
jwjtjodolh what he wHl with his own as.wel! as oth ers j and who may-j 
fty to Nntt,i* ifc*<< 1 <#fl&^ Htre yon may leeahinOjnceof tjie fiitnj 
and paiitfbceof the ?aints,undet the moft heart- (inking ttyaJs ; here 
you jmyfee,- thepi omifcsrare breaftsfolt of confolation^ when all 
the jorldrtefidcs ti empty, and gi^yes nothingbnt forrov^ Thai Clod 
|j|f<ieed;.tfte fupca<bLord6Cthe world, ruling the moft unruly, 
veAe3it^-the.nolt cr uel and falvage, granting hir People mercy in 
areAg!;t of rfe anmercifull,. curbing the lufts of themoft filtfcy, 
ftoWJn^yjalrteS6f ihevioleotjdeljvorlrigthe prey from thejDieh- 
ty," enX&ii tKHtg-tcgeikirtbetiutcafts /I.lrael Once>nd.again you 
havt herH>, bot heat -you may ice, ibatfopor leltngttb vine Cod; that 
our God is th* God of Saltation, and to him. belor g triclflo es froip 
Death* Tfaitour God is in the Heavens; and dqjh ^ut ,<vejr pleafes 
^irn.flere 50 .itave Samfion Riddle eximplififd> afjtdtha^reif pro, 
jnife, Jv<v. 8- 8. -verily o\ s Ovi jsf tlt.&der ctm<if<n;ibiwiat ^ tmd. 
fftitntft wi of the j?>-o!gjThe worft of *fis wortirig togethe 
/-How e ridfent is itrthat the Lord hth mtde Uiij 
caTnerbv all this I affli&ofr.jhat fi\e caHfay. < t^gfl 
that fie hotk.bttn, ibfn.ib M fie jbeulJ net have, 
"" " 



.. 

. ]K>s 

fjuli nioft need* be tblneowrj^ .l^d ther.efore, PeroG*.- 
apd froti hence bfyQ ibroethifefrorn f b> expfrkRf 
ownlrtrTi Comes, tha^f^ than ajfo through p<! 
pe. 
*T Sf JC /f Af . 




CAPTIVITY 

*A N D 



O f 



rs. 




>N tbc tenth ofFtbrittry 10*7$, Carat 
the Indians with great, numbers nppa 
LaWtJItr : Their firft eoramg Was 
about Sun.rifing ; bearing the noifc 
of fomc Guns, we looked outj fcveral Hoirfes 
were J>urning v aod tbc Smoke a fcepdingi;oJ3- ri 
ven There were five parfons taken in one hqufe, 
tbe Father, and ihc Mother and a fucking Child, 
they knocki on the head ; the-ocher two they rook 
4ndca^ticc^ a^?ay aUvc. Their were two^ others, 
J7ho btiog out of their Garifon upon fomeoccafigrt 
were fctupoh^ one. was knock c on tbc bea<3, jhc 
Wherrt^c^pcd: AoQ^lef their was who ruoniftga-- 
a*% : Was mptjod wounded, and fell down; he. 
bpg^ttf ofihem bis; life, proojifing thtm. Money 
{ aj they rold me ) bul they wonld not hcar^n to 

htm 



and flripthimniiud, 
open his Bowels. Another feeing maaj 
toK j about bis Baro, ventured andwcni 
cot, bat was qic Wy (hoc down. There were three 
others belonging to ihc fame Garifon who were 
killed the Indians .getting op upon thereof of the 
Barn, ij^Tadvaetagcioflioot downupsntherjao- 
V their Fortification. Thos thefe raunhcrous 
Ifffetcbes went on> burning, and jeftroymg before 
them, 

At length they came and bcfet ourownhoufc-, 

and quickly ic was the doIcfuHeft day that ever 

mine eyei faw. The Hoofe flood upon cbcedg of 

ahiHj Come of the Indent got behind the hill, o- 

thers into the Barn, and others behind any thing 

that could (heller ibcru j from all whch places they 

(hot ogainft ihc Houfc, fo that the- BuUet5 Cct med 

tot y like hail; and quickly they wounded one 

man ampog ns, then another, and then a third, A- 

IMUK two hours .( according to my obfervation^ in 

^hat anaazingtimc) theylud been about theiwuft 

bebre they prevailed to fir* it ( which they did 

with Flax and Hemp, which they brongbtoutct 

the I3avn, and there being no defence about tbt 

Houfe, only two Flanker a at two oppofirc corners 

andooeofthemnotfim(hcd> they rued a once 

^no\ one ventured out aod qEencbedit, bat they 

quicfcfy&ed it again, aod that took Now is ih| 

dread futt hoar comf, that I haveofreo heard of (in 

thnc of War, aj U was tbtcafe^f others) buc nc 

mine eyes fee it. Some In oar boufe were fight 



cr 

ing for tfccir lives, others wallowing in their bfoorf, 
ibc Hoytfc on fire over oar heads, and cbe bloody 
Hcathfn ready co knock as on the head, if we ftir- 
cd ou/7 Now might we hear Mothers & Children 
crying out for ibcmfelves, and one another, Lord, 
What (halt we da 1 Then I took my Children ( and 
one ot my fiften, her* ) Co go forth sod leave the 
houfc : but as Coon as we came to the dore and ap- 
pcaud, the Indiam {hot fo Ehick that the boifctr.* 
rattled igainft the Houfe, as if one bad taken an 
hand full of ftoncsaod I bee w them, fo? hat we were 
fain to give back We bad fix ftont Dogs 
belonging to our Gamfoa,buc none of them woa d 
ftir, though another time, if aoy Indian had come 
Jotbc door, they were ready to fly upon him and 
tear bi m down* 1 he Lord hereby would maXe us 
the raoie ro acknowledge bis hand, aod to fee that 
our help is al wayej io him. But out we muft 
go, ihefirciinc-cafing, and coming along bebiad 
U5,roa ing, and ihe{^cJMgjpin^ b.fore US 
their Cuos ; Spears and Hjichas to devour as. 
fooncr were we cm of ih Houfe, but aay Cro 
in Lav ( being before wounded, in defco&ng 
houfc, tn or near ibc throat ) fell down dead, wber- 
at the \*<iant fcornfully (houted, and hallowed, 
*nd were prcfcmly apon him a ftrijppmg ol^his 
cloiihs, tt)c bulletis $ ving thick, one weot thr^jgb 
Oiy fide, and the fame v 4 s would feenj) throug/) 
Hie bowels and haod of my deat Child m my auxuT. 
One oCmy elder Sifters CiiWren, namtd Wiltiaxn 9 
had then hs Leg b/okefH w ^ c b ^ \ n ^ n yu pC |- 

ceiving, 



Ul 

t /i vkjg, t hty kacckr him od bead. Thas we w% 
buichcrtd by thofc mercikfs Heathen, finding a- 
caaz^d, with the blood running down to on/ hce/s. 
My eldeft Sifter being yet in the Houfo, sad feeing 
tliofc wofa l fights, the Infidels haling Mothers one 
way, and Children another, and fame wallowing to 
their blood :. and her elder Son telling her that her 
Son William was dead, and my felt" was wcaadcd, 
(be faid, And> Lord let mt dyvab them , which 
was no fboocr faid, but (he wai (buck with a Bul 
let, and feU down dead over the thre(ho!d. I hope 
iheisreapiogthefrtiitofhergood Ubourr, being 
/aith/ull to^hc fcr vice of God in her phcc. la hei 
youpger years (he lay under roach trouble upon 
ipiruual accounts, till it plcaCcd God to make that 
pjrcpoos Scripture take holdofberhcarr, 2 C*r 
ijl. 9. Jnd; be fetid unto me my Graet bfufficitnt 
/(^r^re. More thco twenty, years after I ha?e beard 
ligfifflhov fweefand comfortable that place was 
co her, But to rctuio : The I*4f*s laid hold of 
ttj, putliqgihe pa way, dad the C hildrco aiothe r^ 
aodfafd) Corns talowgvnih.M , (toldcbecnifacy 
Would kili 03$.. they oofwercd; I/I win willing to 

ng with tbctn , tbtyvtoyld not b*r( me. 
Oh the doleful) fight tt)at oc w -wai to behold at 
ouff ! Cciwe, -faboU Wc wor^nf the L&4 9 
tobai di/olaiiom ht has nwdc in the artb. Of thir- 
t,y fcy.eja pf rfons who wereio fbis.ouc Houf^noac 
efcaped either prefent death, or a bitter cj pti viiy, 
favc ooly one, who rnigbc fay a* be. ?< J. j$ 



were 



If 5 

were twelve killed, fome (hot, feme 
ibwr Spcats, fomt knock d down with their Hat- 
xbets. Whea we arc in profpwity, Oh the little 
ibatwe think of fach dreadful! Hgists, and to fee 
tiu* dear Ftiendr, and Relations |y bkeding out 
Bbeir heart-blood apoajhe grouod. There wai one 
who was choptjnto the head with a Hatcher, sod 
ft;ipt naked, andytrwascrawIiogupaiiddowQ. 
It is a folernn fighrio Ice ro^anyChriftiici lying 
Jn thdr Wood, fome here, and feme tbc?^, likea 
contpaoy of Sherp torn by Wolves. AJtofthsm 
ftiipt naked by a coffipiny of fall-hounds* -roar 
ing, fiaging, rsaticg andinfultfog, as if they would- 
have torn our very hearts out ; yet the Lord by his 
Almighty power preferred a oombcr of usffom 
.deatjh,foi there were Iw^nty-fo^rdf i^s-fakcn alive 
4p4 1 carried Captive. 

7 had often befw^ ihiufrtidy tlyat if fa Indians 
fiO*ldcomt t Ifauld cb* fir other to be titled by thilfr 
ihtn-tat(en alive but whcivh-camc to the tryal my 
mind changed^ their glittering j#fipomfodaun- 
i^ my fpirir, ihac-l chofe rafthcfttego afecg with 
tbof* Ca* I may fay) ra venous Resits, tt*n that mo 
ment to end cny <J.yes j a_qd t;ha^l may the better 
ifecla r? wbai happened tomecfuriog that grievous 
I (hoi) particufatly fpeak of tbc feverall 
hsd up and down (be 



away wc<mu(Vgo with thofc Batharoas 



Crwnires, with oar bodies wounded and bfeej- 
ingyandour hesrtifla lefschan our bodies* Aboyra 
mite we went that night,ap upon a hill within %fet 
of the Town where they intended to lodge. There 
was tard by a vacanr hoafc ( deferted by the Engr 
Jifli before, for fear of the Infant] tasked them 
whtcher I might not lodge in the houfe tbat night 
to which they anfwcred, what will you love */- 
Ji//; w* ftill ?fch wis the dolefaileft nighi that 
ever my <ycs law. Oh the roaring, aod fiogin^ 
and dioceing, atvi yelling of (hofe biaek crcaturc<? 
in iheatgbr, which made the peace a lively refem 
bUaccofhsll And as mtfmbfe was the waft 
thai was? there made, of Horfes, Gnnle, Sheep^ 
SwincjCalreSjUmbs, Roafting Pigs, aod Fowl 
[ which they bad pfoadeted in the Town) forae 
roaftfagjfomc lying aad bur ning,an4 fmc boyl MW 
to feed our m<rcil&fs Enemies; who were joyfw 
enough though we wert dircoofflUce To aj| 
to *he dolefulnefs of the former day , tod the dif^ 
malaeff of the prefeat night: my thoughts tan up 
on my- loCTci aod fad bereaved condition, /til 
szas gone, ray Kofband gone(aC lealt (eparaced 
from me, be being in the Bay \ an^ to Sdd to^ my 
grkf, fheI<iMn^ metheymroaldkUl Kfrnas 
5c came homeward ) Wy Children gone, my 
-Relation! and Friends gopyom Hoafc and home 
arid *ftour comforts witbtodooiii and VuhGur,aU 
was gone, (except my Ufe) and 1 knew nor but 
(he oct moment t bat migh; go too. There 
fcmaioca oothiog; to me bm one poor wound 

ML 



td Babe, and Jt famed at prefeof worfe rhau dcarfr 
tbac it was in fuck a pitiful condition, befpraKiog, 
Compatfjon,and I bad* refrcfhiBg for if, nor 
CuUable thingp ro revive it, Little do many thiofc 
what i t he favageoefr and brimifhnefs of this bar 
barous Enemy i even tbofc that kem to pro* 
fcfs moretban others among them, wfaen fcbe 
J///fc fas ve fallen into their bands. 

Thofefevcn that were kUIed at La*caflcrtkt 
fummer before upon a 5abbathday, and <he one 
that wa$ afterward kiffcd upon-a wfk day, were 
Pain and mangfedin a baifcarous. manner, by one- 
cy t d/^o,aod Marlfa mgfft Praying 
which Capr, 



trawl wtbfrm t*toi 



or pen 

hem, and bittcrnefi of m F fpiric, that j bod at 
tbndeparture : but God * wh roc, ^ , W0n . 

30 d 



^ my poor wounded J&tbccpoa a borf?, 
1 



, atxi 

earned rtittttjy 5 rmtUlmy^w^I| failed, and J 

(cil 



fell down with it : Then they Ut me cpoa a horle 
wii&JBy wounded Child in my hp^and tbere being 
no furoicuure upon the horCe back ; as we were go- 
iog down a deep bill, we both fell over t&ehorfes 
header which they like inhumane creatures taught, 
ao4rc)oyced to fee it, though 1 thought we fhould 
there have ended our dayes, as overcome with fo 
many difficulties. But the Lord renewed my 
Owjgrh Oi!{, and carried me aloog, that 1 might 
foe more of his Power ; y.ca, fo much that I could 
never have thought of, had ( Dot experienced it. 
is it quic\\y began to j now, and when 
they flopt : and nowJown I nwjlfit 
, by a hub fat, and a few bough* behind 
We, vnb **>y fie {Child m my lap \ And caUiog much 
forwattf* bring now (through tbi wound) fallen 
into a wokrt Ffvtr. My own wound alfo g 1 ow 
ing fo ft iff, that I could fcarce fit dowo or rile up ; 
yet to ic rnuft be, that I rnuft fit ail this cold vs. inter 
ttighj upon the cold fnowy grouod, with my fick 
Child vn my artnes, looking that every hour would 
be the laft of its life; and having no Chriftianhicnd 
maime, cither to comfort or help me. Ob^ I way 
fee tbe voonderfull power ofGtd, thorny Spirit did 
wf utttilj founder my affliftion : (till the Lorf 
me mth his gracious and mm if nil Spiff *) 
f vnre both alive to fee tbt li&bt of-tfanext 



an 

their 



of tit 

ffo/ fit*mt 0$ btbind kim r with 
jBakeiamrtw, A very wearifoofte and tedious 
dty I ftd of it j what with my own wound, aod 
jny Cliilds being fo exceeding fick^aod ia fclamca- 
table condition with. bet wound. It may be eafi- 
ly judged what a poor feeblccondiften wcwecchr, 
there being not the leaftciumb of rcfrclbjog that 
came within eichcr of our mouths, from Wcdntftty 
pight to Srtwday night, except only a little cold 
wa<er. . Tbis day in the afternoon, about an Hour 
by Sun, we came to the place wbirc tfcey imcnd- 
dcd, viz.. an Indian Town, called Wenimtfity, Nor- 
Ward of Quabtug. When we were cooar, Qh tb 
cumber of Pagans (now mcTqlcfi^oernies J that 
there came about me, that I may (ayas P<aw</, 
Pfal. 17 1 3 , / badfantedi wltfi lfoA]bfo* f d &<;+ 
The next cUy was the Sabbath : 1 then.renttemened 
hijw carclcfs ( had bcea of Gods holy kxSc* . how 
many 5abbaihs 1 had foft and rnif pen r, andhow 
e?ily 1 had walked in Gods fight ; which.hV fot 
dorsunro myfpitit , that it was eafie for nt? to fee 
bow righteous it was with God to cuioff(h.cfcreied 
of my life, and caft me out of bu r lMc fence for c- 
ver. . Yet the Lord ftill fhc wed mercy ta mo, ^ud 
upheld jnc^ and as he wounded me with one hand, 
|o. be bejrf.ed me wirh tbc other* This day there 
meontfabbsrt P/p/r. Camao -belonging 
ry) who was taken in Captain Been bi^ 

, imdiiod becnaow a confiderabk time with 
aod op -wirh them almoft as far as 



ty, ashetoloW, 
now very lately conic imo thefc party. Hearing, 
t fey, that I was in cbis Indian ToWn, he obtain^ 
leave to come and fee rat. He told roc, he him- 
(elf was wounded in the leg at Captam Jeers bis 
Fight; and wai not able fome time to go, but as 
ehcy carried him, and as he took Oaken leaves and 
liid to his wonod, and through tbc blefficg of God 
he was aWe (o cravel agaio. Tben I too k Oaken 
leaves and laid to my fide, and With che bWffing o f 
God it cftred me alfo; ye ( t before the Cure was 
wiought,! mayfay, as it is in ?//. 38, 5 , 6. Mj 
oxkdt ft inland are corrupt 9 I am troubled , \nf 



Ifat much alone with a poor woandcd CMld io my 
Up, wbkb moaned night aad <fay, having no 
thing to-avivcthe body,or cheer the fpirits of .her, 
bat in fteadofehat, fometimesoae Indian would 
Come and tell me one hour, cbst your Mail cr writ 
kqodtyour Child in the head, and then a fccotuf, 
aodtheq.a third, yout Matter will^uickly knock 
your CbiJd in the head* 

Thuvaf th comfort Htd from them, mijertble 
comfatw are je all % at he fad. Thus mac duyes 
I fat upon my knees, with my Babe ia 017 hp, uli 
my flcfh was raw again \ my Cbifd being even tea 
dy Co depart this forrowfult Wotld, they bad* me 
carry it out to another Wigwam Clfuppofebt* 
ciafe they woold not be troa&ed with foch fptfta* 
cles> Wbuber I went with a very heavy hftair,.pd 
down I fat w uh the piclarc of death4Dmf te? 

Abed 



ftbcut two bouces jo the night, my fweet B*be a 
like a Lambe departed this Iff, oo Ftb,\3. tt?s* 
It being about fa ysartt, aad jfoe month old. /c 
was Mntdaj.tt from the ft.- ft wounding, in this 
mifcrable condition, without any rcfrc&ing of 
Oncoitorc or other, except a little cold water. I 
cannot Jwu sUce notice , how at anoihcr time I 
could not bear to be in the room where any dead 
perfooww, but now the caYc is changed ; I muft 
and eould ly down by my dedd Babc,ftde by fide 
ill tbc night after, 1 have thought fiocc of the 
wonderful! goodncfj of God tome,iQpreferviag 
imin the ufe of my reafon and fcofcs, io that di- 
ftrefledtime, that I did not ufe wicked and ?iolcot 
rncaos to rod mj own mfcr|ble life, lo themor- 
ningjWben they uodrfto.od that my child wa* dead 
thcyfent formfthomc tomyMaftersWigwinu 
(by my Maftcr io this writing, rnutl be uajitr* 
Itood ~*an6pin 9 who wai a Saggamore, and mar 
ficdKing Pbtlhys wives Sifter; not rhac befitft 
tox)fe rae, but I was fold to him by another War* 
rkfffan/et Indian, who took me when firft I came 
out of thtf Garifoo 1 ) 1 went lotcisC op my dead 
caild in my arms foca/ry it with mc,buc tbey bid 
melw-iulpn:: there was no refifting, bwgoe J 
;nufi ind-feavc it. Whc o I had been at my mft- 
^w^r took the firft oppotiucity 1 couW 
o loolt fccr wy dead child : when ( came I 
d done with it? then they 
: tbco they went 



C"J 

me where it was, where I faw the groun J 
was,newly digged, and there they told me chey 
had buried it : Tbvre Jitjt thtLCMdinthc WilJtrt 
titfs, andwtujl commit it, tad my Jd/ alfofatht* 
Wilderntjj~conditto*j to him who h above a II, God 
having token away this dear Child, 1 went to fee 
my daughter Mary, who wat at this fame InJun 
T<*n, at a Wigwam nor very far off, tboifgh we 
had httk liberty or opporlboity to fee one toother. 
ihc was a bout tep years otd>& taken from thedooi 
ar 6f ft by *Prajit hd & afterward fold for a goc* 
When I came in fight, (be Would fa!) a weeping ; 
8t which they were provoked, and would rot let 
me come near her , but bade me be gooe ; w hich 
was a heart-cutciog word to me. ! had one Child 
dead, another in ihc WHdrrnels,! knew no; where, 
tbe third they Woold oot let me .come near co: Aft 
fasJie/aJd) hawje-berewcd ofn>y Childre** Jpfc ph 
wn^tfw^SioieoaiJM^f, 0n4ytmllta^e Benjamm 
<i//0, all tfaff thing? re again ft me. Icculdnot 
fitttfll in. this condition, bur kept, walking from 
one place to another. And as f was going along, 
my heart was *vft over wbelm d with the thougbrj 
of my condition, and that I ihould have Children, 
and a Nation, Which I fyew tot ruled wey them 
Whewtjxm 1 earhe^ry entreated (be Lord, that he 
would consider my-lovtrcfrate, sod fhcw nae a tokto 
forgooi, and. if ii were his felrflfoi wiM, fome fij^o 
BJidbqpecffome rejicf. An^ indeed qoickly tJ>e 
lord aofwcrcd, in fame 8 meafurejmy poor prayjcrr. 

For 



f Jl 

for as 1 was goidg up and down mourn iflg aod la- 
meatiog mycondition, my SOD came tome, a.nd 
aiked me how I did j I had not fccn him before, 
fioc* the deftiutf ion of che Town, and I knew noc 
where he was* till I was informed by hirnfalt, that 
he was amongft a fmaller pcrcc(of/Ww/, whole 
place was about fix mites oft; with tears in his 
eyes , he asked me whether his Sifter SirtJ^was 
dead ; aod told me he had fccn his Sifter M&-J ; 
and prayed mr, that Jf would oof be troubled io re 
ference ro himfclf. The occafion of his coming to 
fee me at this time, was this : There vaf, at Iftn4 n 
about fix mikffrom u* t afmal Plantation of Indv 
ans, where it fains he had bten during hn Captiv*; 
ty : ad at this time, (hert were [ome Forctt of the 
Ind. gatfaed out of our companf t andfotHe a/Jbfrow 
Atm (tmwg vho/n &AJ my Sons tnafler) to go to af- 
fault and bum Medfi cJd : in ibis time of the abfs*ce 
of bit mnfter, bxdame brought fato to foe me, I took 
this to be ibme gracious anfwcr to cny earnejft and 
unfeigned defne. The next day, W;L. to chit, the /* 
^n/remrnrd from Mtdfal^ 9 |i tbc company, 
for thofe that bclooged to the other fmal company, 
came thorough the Town that now we were at 
But .before they came to us, Oh! the outragioos 
roaring and hooping that there was : They began 
ttwir dmaoout a mile before they came to us. By 
Aeir nojfe and boopiog they fi gnified how many 
they had ikf troy ed (whub wa at tnar rln^c twen 
ty three* ) Thofe that were with us at home, were 
B a gathered 



C 43 

gathered togttne* 8* fooflas they heard the hoop- 
ing 7 and every time ihat the other went over tht ir 
number, thefc at borne gave a fliout, that the very 
Earth rung again : And ibtw they coutioped till 
thofe that had bccnupon the expedition were come 
op f the Sagamores Wigrtam ; and then, Oh,the 
hideous infulting and triumphing that there was o 
trer forne -^hfhtnenf fcalps that they hadJakea 
Cas their manner id and brought with them. I can. 
f>ot but take notice of the wonderful! mercy of 
God to me m thofe affli&ionsjin /eodingir.e a Bible 
One of the W/om that came from M*dfittd6%ht 9 
had brought feme plmdei\ came tome, and asKed 
fn r ifl wctrldbavca Bible, he gadget one in his 
Baffect, lw$gfdof itj nd8ske<lijm f whether 
he thought th* J*^/tf>v would let rue read J he*n* 
fetd,y/$; fol took the Bible, andmthtf me- 
^nclutly time, it came tutomy mind to read firft 
the -2,8. Ctep. of rZJfeir. -which I did , eod when } 
had rrs d it, my dark heart wrought on this ma nfter, 
2"^ ffcfrf nw PO mercy fa me r tbrtthftlfifflitgs 
vreYegcM) Kindt fat ttffa CAM** tbiHrroom 9 an<ithat 
HaJ/oft my opportunity. But the Lord helped me 
ftUIto go one reading filt lea me to Ckay. 50 t)w 
feven firft verfe^ where 1 found, Tb0ew*r9tr+ 
ifecl again, ifvt venter *tw* ** ^6/^en- 
an a though W 
EjrtJ>to(brctbcr t 

Qvrfet 

1 do not deflTe to iiv< to forge? this 
whafcojnforritwastoTine. Mow 



tkc fah 

, [<we : ont way, wdfome anrtkr. There wc/e 
. bdide my felf ofcie, )ig/ijSlb Captives to tfcis 
place UlUf them ChWren, except one Woman; 
Tgot an opportunity to go and tak my leave of 
, they being togoonc way, and. I another, 
fd t^m wbctbirtbty wtrt tanefl w.tk God j w 
ranct , they cold ths 4 coey dt4 as they were 
able, and it was fotne cocnfort to me,that the Lord 
ftirr? d up Chifaen to look tohtv* Toe Wound 
cx Goodwife 7J^ told me, (he ft ould never fee 
meagdin,attdAat(hecouldfiad in her hea/t to 
run away j I wifhc her oot to mi away by any 
mcani ,for we were ocar thirty miles from any - 
giijh Ts? r andrhc very big wlchChUd, an.d fcad 
but one week to reckon ; and another Cbikf iff her 
Arms, two years old, and bad Rivers there were, to 
go over .& we were feeble, with our poor & conrfa 
entertainment; I bad my Bible with me, I puUed 
it out, acd asked her whethef (he would read; wtf 
opened the Bible and Ughtcdjon Tp/. zy. in wbich 
Pfalm wt efpcially took do^cc of that, 
Wait 60 the Utd, Bt gf good cow*&< , 
ft reHgt&wtJjiite. Hear*, watt l/aj m (be Lord. 



The fourth 

\ mitft part vntbibat \\ttlt 
. Here I p*r:<d ffom my Daughter , 
(whom I aever faw again till I Ciw her inDsyoc/Sfcr, 
retarded frora Captivity, an J from four little Cou - 
B 



[ 16 1 

fins and Neighbours, Tome of which I never fa w afc 
tcrwjjJ : ebc Lord only knows the end of them. 
Amongft hem alfo was that poor Woman before 
tne HI oped, who came ro a fad end, as fomc of the, 
company fold me in ray travel : She having much 
g iff upon her Spirit, about her miferablc conditi 
on, being fo near her time, (he would be often ask 
ing the ladtant to let her go home; they not being 
willing to char, and yet vexed wuh her importuni 
ty, gathered a great company together about her, 
and ftript her naked, and fc therm the midftof 
them; and when they had fang and danced about 
her ( in their he Ihfh manner) as long as they plea- 
ied, they knockt hei on head, and the child in het 
arms with her : when they bad done that, thef 
made a fire aod put them both into if, and told the 
other Children tlut were with them, that if they 
attempted to go ftome, they would feive (hernia 
like manner . Tue Children (aid- (he did not (hcd 
one tear, but prayed all the while. But to return 
to n y own Journey ; we travelled about half a day 
or Itttlc more, aodcametoadefolateplaccioche 
Wildcrnf fs, where there were no Wt^v,*, or In 
habitants before; we cam e about the middle ot the 
afccrooon to thii place , cold and wet , and iftowy, 
aod hungry, and wcary,and no refrcfliing, for man, 
but tbc cold ground to fu on, a ad our poor Indian 

cheer 

tftart~akjn tko*$A / ben 1 had about wy poor 
CbiMnn&ho w\ efaftertd up and down amon&ik 



wild btajls sftkefortcjl: My head Wai light & dilfcy 
(cither through hunger or hard lodging, or trouble 
or altogether ) my facet feeble, my body raw by 
lit ( log double night and day, Chat Icannot cxprcfs 
to man the afflidion that Uy upon my Spirit, but 
the Lord helped me at that time to exprefs it to 
him fclf . ] opened my Bible to read, and the Lord 
brought that pttcious Scripture to me, \tr. j 1. 16. 
Tb*f faith tbt Lord 9 reframthy voice from eefrmg 9 
andthine (jet from ttavi t for tby vor^fball be rewar 
ded, and tbej {hall come again from tbg land of the 
Enentr, t This wai a fwcet Cordial to one, wheo I 
wis ready ro faint, many and many a time have / 
fndovn, and wceptfwcetly over this Scripture. 
At this place we continued about four dayes. 

Tbfffib Remove. 

The tccafon (41 ; thought) of their moving *t this 
time , w My the Engllih A m} ft being near and fal 
lowing tbtm: For tbcy went, as if they had gone for 
their lives, for fonxc confiderablc way 5 and then they 
made a ftop, and chofc fomc of their ftouteft men, 
and fcnc them back to hold the Pnglifh Army in 
play whilft the reft efcaped : And then, It^e Jehu, 
tbcy marched o*f HI iou/ly* with thtir old, and wth 
tbctr youttg ifome carritd their old decrepit mot btt s* 
[omit earned one, and fame another. Four of them 
cauied a great Indian upon a Bier; but going 
through a thick Wood with him, they were bind- 
v*4, and could make no baft j whereupon they tooK 



trtm upon toetibackf, ** carried him, one ata 
time, till they came to BacpMg River. Upon a 
.Friday, a little after noon we came to this River. 
When all the company was come up, and were ga 
thered together, I zbought to count the number of 
them, but they were fo many, and being fomcwhat 
in morion, it was beyond my skil. In this trave?, 
becaufeofmywound, I was foraewnat favoured 
in my load ; I carried only my knitting work and 
two quarts of parched meal: Being very faint I 
asked my raiftrifo to give me ofce fpoonfull of the 
n>ea1, but (he ittwld not give me a lafte. They 
quickly fell to cutting dry trees, to make Rafts to 
carry them over the fiver : and foen my turn camo 
to go over : By the advantage of fbme brafh 
wi>icb they had laid upon the Raft to fit upon, I 
did oot wet my foot (wbicb many of tbcmfelvcs at 
the other end were raid-leg decplwbich cannot bu t 
beackoowle(Jgefas3(avour of God to my weak- 
ocdbody, ittxing a very cold time. 1 was not be 
fore acquainted wiib fuch kind of doings or dan 
ger* Wben ibon pajfi/t through the aUr* \ wtl be 
wtbtbt,*rf throg*> ib, Rivtn ibeyfia&nefffW 
fk thetSfai. 4$.*. A certain flUibet of us got o 
ver the River tbat nt gbt, bat it was the nighc after 
&e Sabtath before all the company was got over. 
Oivibe Saturday they boylcd an oM Horfo lea 
which they had got) aod fo we drank of tbe troth, 
Aifoonasthfyihooght it wb ready, and wnetiit 
gone, they fiM it up agdin. 



H9] 



gtt any ths*g\ 
grow very jam* forttHtotoffomfthum avdycfit 
mi vp} bard togetdwtm tbtir (titty trajfi : but tht 
tbit4 vttk 9 though / could tfanl^hotoformirly my 
stomach would tarn again ft tbit or that, and i cottld 
Starve anddy befort i could cat fuck thingt^ ytl ifay 
vert fwttt and favoury to my tafe. I was at ibis 
time knitting a pair of white cotton ftockios for my 
miftrifs ; and had not yet wrought upon a Sabbath 
day ; when the Sabbath came thty bade me go to 
work ; I told them it was the Sabbaih-day, and de- 
Crcd them to let me rcrt, and toKJ them I would <fo 
as much raorc to morrow ; fo which they anfwerv 
cd me, they would break my face. And here / cao 
cot but cake notice of the ftf angc providence of 
God in prcferving fbc heachrn : Tbcy- we* e.maoy 
hund Cds, old and young, feme fitkr, and (bore lame 
many had Pffpwfa at tdtir backi,tbe greatcU oum- 
beracrhisdme wichus, wire Squxtvr, and they 
Ctavc>lcd with alt they had> bag aod baggage, and 
y i^cy got over this River aforcfaid; and on 
Mttnday they fet r beir Wtfftamt on fire, atx) away 
.fteywent: On chat very day came the EHgfyb 
Army *fr them to chis River, ajod faw the fowak 
xrfthcir w*jtrcmj,nd yetthis River put a flop to 
them , God did not give them coaragt or activity. 
fogoover afcct us ; we Wcreuot ready for fogfcat 
^ as vftfory and dcliveratJCe; if we had been, 
wool J have found out away for the nglifh 

to 



.. 

to hive pafte<Mhis River, as well as for the Indian 
with their Sfy&tof and ChtUrtn, and all their L 
gage: Ob that mjf froph kadbcarktHtd to me, 
ffrael had r&!kcA in *>} *W* frwld 
dtttdtbtir Emmies, and turned wj 
their Mvtffents, PfaU 81- 1). 14. 



Tktfuetb 

On Monday (at 1 (ait) 
o ]5rc , fln^ trwt 41*9. It was a cold morning, an 
before DI tbere was a grcac Brook with ice on it ; 
foroe traded throghityUp to the koccs& highcr,buc 
others went till they came to a Beaver dam, and I 
fiffiongtt them,where t^roagb the good providence 
of God, I did not wee my foot. / went alpng that 
day mourniog and lamenting, leaving farther my 
own Country, and travelling into tbevaftaod 
howling Wttrtritf//, and I uodciHood (omethiog of 
Zrf i Wifc i Temptation, when foe look* Jlacl^: 
we came that day to a great Swamp, by the fide of 
which We took up our lodging that night. When I 
came to the brow of the hii.t uat looked toward the 
Swamp,! thought we had beencome to a gr<at /< 
dun Town (though there were none. bat our psva 
Company) The mti*i wVreasthktt as theneej: 
it fecmd as it. there had been a tboufajid Hatchets 
going at once: if one looked before one, there was; 
nothing bat iKdianty aad behind one, oothiiiDgbue 
Si and fo on cither hand, -Irnyfclfjnthe 
andnoCbriftianfDulnfarinr, andjtifav 

bad 



-, * 

litb tie tafdfrtftvvld me infafttf? Ok tUtt wper 
ITitncctkat I hAVt(>adofihtOBdnefe of God, ton* 
wdtuine ! 

Thtftventh Ktmovg, 

jlfnv a ye/tig ft and hungry night fan, & e had 
wartfomc time of it tht wxt^day. The Swamp by 
which we lay, was^ai it were, a deepDong* on, a nd 
in exceeding high and deep bill before it. Before 
I got ro tbe wpof the hill, 1 thooght my 6rart and 
Irgs, arid sll would have broken, and failed me. 
What through faintoeff, and forencf* ofbody, it 
was a gi ie vonj day of travf I to me. sis we \nt 
alai , i fa* a place where Englifli Cattle b4 been : 
that vat comfwt to mt,fucb as it & : qwc^t of- 
ter that we came to an EogUfli Tatb, wfab f> too^ 
vtthmfy that i ttiou&hticotila have fail) l*m down 
tnddytdi That day, a iittlcaftcr nooo, we came 
to Squ*ukbi{ig t where -the intifai qokkly fprcad 
thcmfdvcs over the dcfetted Englifo Fktds, gfcarr- 
ing what they coold6ad; fomc pickt up ca f$ o f 
Wheat that w^rc trickled down, forae fouod ca? 
of jndf/M Corrf, fome found Ground- o^is, and o- 
tbcrs (hf aves of Wheat that were frozen togcrbet 
teiheOiock.&wcottothfefhiogoTthetn cue My 
felf got two ears of /<//<2 Cora, and wdilftldid 
tor turn my buk, one of them was ftotco from 
me, wbirh /much troubled me There came aaZn* 
diantothcm at that time, with a basket of Horfc- 
1 iver. I aslced him to give me a piece : wbat % fa\9$ 
he ctooiKat ^f^/f-JiwrHtotdhijnJ would try, 

if 



I-M I 

il he wofcld#y.e a $*c, fohicb be did, and I /aid ft 
onthe<ca1f<JiL*bfti bat before ft was half rcadtf 
they got half of itaway from me, fo than was fain 
totakethercftandeatJcasitW* with the Wooi 
about my tnouih, aodyeufavourybicitwastc 
ine; for to *&* \3HVtgyy $o^\ ewvfbitUvthi^gk 
fwttt t Afoteranfightmethoughtitwaf, to fee 
f kids of wheat and rw&ia Corn fwfakeo and fpoi 
fed: and the rrmaindctsof tbcntto be food foi[ 
ur tfiercilefi Eritinies. That night ye bad a mcfe 



tight 
ODlbe;morrcwmotnirg we mud go 

f. Connetticot, to meet w nb King Pfcf //p, 
Cawoo* full, they had carried over, the next, 
Two j my felf was to go i but as my foot was upoo- 
Jthe Cavnoo to ftepin, there was a fuddcn oat-cry 
toong them, and j moft ftep back ; ad iftf ad of 
oiog ovr the River, j mud go Jour or five miles 
jip the River farther Northward. Some of rtie 
,/^aifMaa One way, and feme another. The 
.eiiure of this rout vaaS) as ) thought, thc< tfpying 
Joroe fnkfk $couts,vrhb were thcrcabcuc. In 
this travel up the River ; about noon thc>Compa^ 
ny rnadc a ftopjtnd (ate do wo \ fome to eat, aod 
others to fift thom. A$ I fate amongf*, them, mir 4 
iiog oF things paft, rcy Son fy/pb unexpectedly 
.cs me to me ::-** asked o ^ach of hers welfare. be< f 
jjnoanlog eor ; jdolcluil Condirjon, gnilrhe change 
that Bad come vpoiruss We bad Husbands and 



$ atficr,and Children, and Sifter?, and Friends, and 
Relations, and Houfc, aod Homc,aod many Cora- 
forts of this Life : but now we may fay, as Job, 
tfakfdcfiMe J QMiofmj Mothers Womb t an^na^- 
td frail 1 return : Tbt Lord g*t>e, and t/bt Lord 
b*th lakftt aveayt Bleffedbe the N*nt oj the Lvrd. I 
asked him whicber he would read ;. he Cold me, he 
carncftlyd* fued if, J g*vc him my Bible, and 
he lighted upon that comfortable Scripture, Pfal m 
j 8. >?, 18. / jkall not dj but lire, and declart tbt 
Kork* of the Lord: the Lord bath chaflcned mtforf 9 
)et bt bath notgnjttt vne aitt to death. Lock bere, 
Mother (fayhr/ did you read this? And here 
Irnay take cccafion to mention one principal! 
ground of my fc cting forth thcfe Linei : <vtn as 
tnc Pfalrmft fayes, I o Man ibe Workt rf ikg 
Lor<r, and his w^ndcrfull Power in car tying us 
a!oog t prr lervirig us in the Witetemefi , while 
under i^eEnrmies b and } andretuinin ^or usinfafe- 
ty again. And His goodnefs in bringing to my 
tana forttaoy comfortable and fulrable Saiptures 
inmydtflrers. But to Return, We travelled oo 
tillnigbt; andinthemorniog, we muft go over 
ihe River to Pkfy\Citw. When I was in che 
Cannoo, 1 could not but be amazed at the nttroc. 
rooscrewof Pagans that we/eon-che Bank on the 
other fide. When J carne aftorr, they gajhcred 
aWafcommp, 1 fitting alone in the midft: lobfer- 
vU6eyakedone ^pother qopftrons, and laiigh- 
<d aftdfe/oyccd over their Gtins and Vidwics, 

Then 



Then my hea beg?n to, fail: an<$ i fell a weeping 
which was the fiift time tamy remembrance, thai 
J wept before them. Although] bad.mci 

with fo much Affliflioo, and my heart was 
many times ready to break, yetfould J not fbecj 
cfje tear in their fight : but rarhe/r had been all ihw 
while jo a,ma?:c, and like one afton<med : but now 
J may fay as, Pfal 137.1. Byr>*^^(yjo/Baby 
JOB, there reefaje down : ytf, w tt^pc tc??8 c >e 
"wewtfrtd Zm. There one of them a^kedmc,wh 
J wept, J conki hardly tell what to fay : yet J &% 
fwerecl, they would kill roe : No, faid he, none will 
huit you. Then came one of themaod g^ve me t w<) 
lpooR-fa l*otMca! to comfort me, and anothei 
gavcmc Jbalf a pinl of Peafc ; which was more 
worththau many Boilicls at another time. Then J 
went to fee King Philip, he bade me come in and 
tit down, apAakked m whether J woold f moke it 
(a u(iual:CoaipIctncnt now .adayesamongft Saints 
and Siuijeirs^ but this no way feed me. For though 
Iliad fojjneilp tjfed Tobacco, yet I had left it ever 
fince Iwas firft taken. Ir feemt to be a Bait t tbc 
Dt&il La? ft to make men loojt their preciwts time\ 
J remember with fliame, how form?r /y, when J 
bad taken two ortfuee pipes, J was prefently rea 
dy for another, fueh a bewitching thing it is: 6ui 
,J thank God, he has now given me power over ir< 
leitty there are many wha.may be better imploy- 
td than to (y Tucking a ftinkmg Tobacco-pipe. 
Now the Infant gather ineii Forces to go a- 

gainli, 



Mght one went about 
welling and hooting to give codec of the dcfign. 
Whereupon they fclltoboyiingof Ground-nut*, 
aod patching of Com Cat many as had iU for thcit 
Frovifion: and in the morning away they went,: 
Dunng my abode in tlait place, Philip fpafy to auto 
nakeafitrtfarbii boy, which I did t fof vbicb be 
lavt me a fuM*g i I tffcrtd the many to vtj. og/J/fcr, 
few he b-tde me kpfit i and wiib if J bought apiect 
of fJorftfejk. Afterwards he asked me co make a 
Cap for bis boy, for wbich he invited me to Din 
ner. J went, and lie gave me a Pancake, about as 
% ai two fingers ; it wat made of parched wheat, 
beaten, and (ryed in Bears greafe, bat I thought I 
never tafted pfeafanter meat in my life. There 
was a Sqeaw who (pake to me to make a foirt foe 
herSflHM p,for vrbich he gave me a piece of Bear. 
Another asked me to knit a pair of Stockins, for 
wbich (he gave me a quart of Peafe : J boyledmy 
Peafe and Bear together, and invited my nwfter and 
mifirift to dinner, but the proud Goffip, beoaufe J 
ferved them bdth.in one Difii^ would eat ncthfog, 
except on bit that he gave her upon the poiol of his 
knife. Hearing (hat my (on wai comejto this place, 
J went to fee turn, and found him lying flat upon 
the gtbuod: 1 asked himhowhecouldfleepfoa 
hanfwcted me, Tb*t be va/ nii *fefy k**aP 
fttf/er; an4 Uy fo. that they might not obfetve 
uihat he was doing. J pray God Ire may remem* 
bei ihde Chings now he is returned in lately. At 

this 



C 3 

tbli Place (the Sun now getting higher) what witf 
the beams and heat of the San, and Che fmoak of 
Ibe Wifwimtr, J thought I (hould ba vc been blind, 
1 could fcafttdifccro one tygtpjm from another, 
,Therc was here one Mary Tburtton of Mtdftl^ 
who Teeing how it was witb me, lentmeaHjt to 
wrar : bat as foon as I was gone, the Sq taw who 
owned that Ma tj TbttrftonJ came running a ftei 
me, aod got it away again* Her t watt be Squaw 
tbatgave meontfyoonfyHcf Meal. I piuit in my 
Pocket to keep it fife: yet no:withftand ngfomi 
body ftolc it,but pat five Indian Corps in the room 
olit: which Corns were I be greatcft Brovifion? ] 
had in my travel for one day. 

The \ndiwt retarningfrom NotfaHimptoin, 
brought with them fome Horfe^aod Sbeep,tnd o- 
cher things which they had taken : J defircd them, 
ill it tb ry would cafry me to t^lbany, upon one of 
tbofic Horfes, 4nd fell me foe Pow Jer : for fo they 
bad Sometimes difeoorfed. J wai oitei ly hoplefs 
of getting home on foot, the way iha 1 1 came. 1 
could hardly bear to think of the maoj weary (kps 
J had ( akcoj to come to this place 



. 

Bat in Head of going either to ^itawyer, bomt- 
Ward, we muft go five miles up the Ri?cr, aud thcs 
go over it. Here we abode a while. Here lived t 
lorry twtia, who fpoke to me to majcthioyA Iburi 
when i had don c it, he would pay we no thing, BGI 



r 

fc living by the River fide, where Itiffenwntfo 
fetch water, I woutd oftco be putting of him in 
mind, and calling for my pay : at laft h* (old mt if 
I would make another (birr* for a Papoos no* yet 
born, he Would give me a koife,which be did when, 
I had done if. i carried the knife in, sod my ma- 
ftcr aiked me to give it him, and I was not sfctfe. 
glad that I bad any thing that they would accept 
of, and be pteafed with. When we were at this 
place, my Matters maid came home, file had been 
gone tbrge wek* into the Narrbaganfet Country, 
to fctchCorn,wberc they had ftorcd op fame in the 
ground : (be brought home abpat a peck and half 
of Corn, This was about the time that cbeir great 
Captain, Naavanie, was killed in the Narrb 



from to, 1 atkfJ liberty to go andfct him, thty bads 
mi 9 and away I went : fat quicki? left my fcif s 
traveling ovtr Hills dndthoroub 5 *mp/, and 
sonU ot find the #ay to bim. And i cannot bat ad 
mire at the wooderfall power and goodnefi oi 
God to roc, inthaVhoogh 1 was gone from bom?, 
aad met with all forts of Indian^ andthofe I had 

00 knowledge of, and there being no Chriftian fout 
bear me ; y el cot one of them offered the leaft Ima- 
^nabk mifcarriage to me. I turned homewaida^ 
gain, and met with my matter, he (he wed me tb 
wiytomySon: Wben I came to him I found Kim 

001 wefli and withall he bad a faoyl on his fide 
*hrcb jiJDch troubled him : \ir berooansd one aoo 

^ 



[28] 

there a^Me,as ine Lord helped ui, and then ! re- 
famed agaro. W ben I wai returned, Hound my 
letf as oafatisficd as I was before. J went up and 
down tbourning and lamenting : and my fpirii was 
H^ady 10 fiok, with the thoughts of nay poor Child- 
ten : my Son was ill, and 1 could not but think f 
bis mournloll looks, and no Cbriftiao-Frieod was 
near him, to do any office of love for him, either 
fof Soot or Body, And my poor Girl, I knew not 
Where (he was, nor whither (he was fok, or well, 
or stive, of dead. J repaired under ihele thoughu 
to my Bible ( my great comfort io that time ) a nd 
thai Scripture came to my hand, Cafl thy burde-n u- 
pontbe Lvd, and &c {hall fujlaintkee, Pfal.5f.22. 
But I was fain to go and look af ler fomtthiog to 
fatisfic my hanger,and going amoog thcI K^w^m?, 
J weat into one, and there found a Squaw who 
fhewedhcr felf very kind to me, and gave mi $ 
iecc of Bear. J put ic into mjr pocket, and came 
home, but could not findanoppottunicy ip broil 
jt, for fear they would gtt ii fromme^/md there u 
Jay H that day and night ia iny ftmkmg pocket. 
}o the morning j wrnr tothc famcJtyufltr, who 
bad a Keitle o Ground nuts boylujg ; J aiked hrr 
to let me boylc my pitccor Bear in hcf Kettlf 
which he did, aadgavcnxfomc Ground-nuisJo 
<ac with it: and J cannot but think how $--lcafahl 
kwastomc. J have fometimc feen Bear bat 
verv handfomly among the wgl//fo,aod fome iif; J 
ai, 6ut ih thoughts ihatit was Bear, 



I 29 J 

tremble : feat now that was favour? to-mc thai one 
would thinfc was enough to turn the ftoflaacu or a 
brnit Creature. 

One bftier cold day, j could find no room to fti 
down befort tb, f/e : I went of, and could not tell 
pbat to do t but i went in to another Wigwam,*/^ 9 
tbty Wit atfo fttutg round the five, but, the Stjuaw 
latXa*kinform*>Mdbidmeftdown) andg -vt mt 
[cmt G > Quid-nuts, and bade me come aiaitt: "--* 

ibeft werej}raven to me that I ntver\<w bi 



The tcitb 

That day afaallpavtofih Company removed 
abwt three quarter i of a iwle\ Intending further the 
ntxt day Wheo they, came to tbe place where 
they intended to lodge, *nd bad pitched their wi&- 
ttaMsi being hungry J Went ag*in backrotnc 
place we were before at, to get fomcthirgtocat : 
being encouraged by the Sq*a\\s kindoefs, wbo 
bade me come agam; when J wa^ ifieie, there 
came an Indian to look af ccc me, who when he had 
found me, kickt me all along : ] went home and 
found Venifon roafting that night, but they would 
not give rue one bit of it. Sometimes ] met with 
favour, andfomctimcs with nothing but frowns* 



The elevtntb ] 
"the ntsei daj in the morning ibcy tco&heir Tr&* 

ttoRw fr i * oof l 
C 2 my 



I s*J 

; lead at my back, and quickly we tame to itadt Q. 
vir tbt River: And pafleJovfttirefomeandntarf 
fome bill) . One hill was to fteep tbac J was fain to 
creep ap upon my koccs, and to hold by the twiggs 
and bufbes to keep my felf from falling backward. 
My head a fo was fo light, that J ofaiUy reeled as 
Jwenrj bat f hope all tbcfc wcarifome ftejft jhat 
J have taken, are butaforewarniflg3&me$fthc 
heavenly reft. lkov> O Lord, tbat*tby f ndp* 
tntnts are ri& fee, and that tkoivinfciitbfHkify tafl */ 



It w*t upon a Sftbbath-day-morntug, that tbtj 
fd for their Travel. This morning j asked 
tny matter whither he would Cell me to my Httt 
tand ; be anfwered me Nux, which did much ie- 
joycf my fpirit. My roiftrifs, before we wcni, 
was gone tothe burial of a Papat^ and icturmrg, 
flic found me fitting andreadingitomt Bible; (he 1 
fo 3t cted it haftily out of my band, aod threw it out 
of door ; 1 rao out and catcbt is Up, and pot it inio 
my pocket, and never let h<r Itc ir afterward. 
Thfo they pack d op their things 10 be gone, and 
gs ve roe my load : 1 complained it wastoo heavy 
wbcrcopon fhe gave me a flap in the fac^and bade 
megoj 1 lif ed op my heart to God, hoping the 
Redemption was not fat off: and the rather became 
their infokncy grew wotfe and worfe. 

F#t the tbouffbti of my going kdMiWAxd- for fo 
(beartdmy 



Cat] 

bt, and dlmoft 

til. But (to my amazmcnt and great perplexity) 
the fcalc was fodfr&irned : for w/ien we bad gon e 
a little way, on afudden my miftrifs gives our, fh c 
would go no further, bat turn back again, and (aidt 
I muft go back again with her, and file called her 
Santruh and would have had him gone- back a J/b, 
but he would nor, b^t fa id, He would go on, and \ 
come to uj again in three dajet. My Spirit was u- 
pon this, I confers, very impatient, and atmoft 
outragtous. I [hough t /could well have dyed 
as went back: I cannot declare the tr cubic that 
I was io about it; but yet back again f muft go. 
As foon as I bad an opportunity, / tock myJSiblc 
to read, and lhat quieting Ssrijprnrc came to my 
hand, Pfat. 4.6. 10. Be flill, and {>;* that I ant 
God. Which ftilled my Ipitit for the prefent: But a 
fore time of tryal,! concluded) J had to go through. 
My matter being gone, who fcemed to me the beft 
friend that I had of an Jrtrf*<J,both in cold and hun 
ger, and quickly fo it proved. Down I far, with 
my beau as full as it could hold, and yet fo hangry 
that I could not fit neither: but goiog out to fee 
wbat I could find, and walking among the Trees, I 
found fix Acrom, and two C6f/-aiftj, which were 
fome refrcfliment tome. Towards Night I gathe 
red me fomc ftick* for my owu comfort, tjiail 
might not ly a-cold* but when we came to ly down 
they bade mego out, and ly fome-whetc-clfc, for 
jSheyhadconopiny (ihcyfaid) come in more than 

C ^ their 



heir own : I told them, I could not tell whcirc f 
go, Jbty^a-dc me go jaofe ; itoldtbtm, if I went 
to another wig*amtbty would be> angry, and fend 
in*horc)3 again. Then ont of the Company drew 
hrc Two d, and told me he would run me thorough 
if Jdirlnotgoprcfcntly. Thcu Wai Haiti to (loop 
to tbis tude fellow, and to go out in the mgh>, J 
knew no- whither, dftne eyes baveftt* tbatfelto* 
walking up and down Bofton, unatrtbt 
of a Friend- Indian, eindftveralloibtrj of 
~<T;. I went to oae Wtgvam, aod. they 
hey had no room. Then 1 went to ano 
ther, and thsy (aid the fame ; at laflt an old Indian 
Btdemccometohim, and his Squaw g ve me 
iome Ground fluti ;(he gave me alfo forhething to 
hy uader my head, and a good fire we had : a nd 
through the good providence of God, I had a com. 
fb ttablc lodging that nighi. In the morning, ano 
ther Indian bade me come at night, and he would 
gi\remefixGronnd nuts, which I did. We were 
at this place and tirfoe about two miles from CoH\ 
Mtfticit River. We went in the morning to gatheR 
Groemd nuts, to the River, and went back again 
ttiat mght. 1 went with a good load at my haclc 
f for they when they went, though but-.a little way, 
wouldcarryall their trumpery with tnem J I ioldj 
them the skin was off my back, but J had no ottcl 
comforting aofwcr fram them than ibw-^ Tb*t tt 
b* no Matter if ^head #m off ho. 

rl 



x 91 > 

ft Retnove, 

ing toward tbt Bay, which w<tt 
I mffftfo witbtbtmfvt or fix miles down 
the River into a mi&btyTkickft of&x#lh : where vsg, 
abode a/moft a fortnight. Here one asked me to 
make a ftkrt for tier Papoos, for which file gave me 
amefsof Broth, which was thickened wifftmcaJ 
.made of the^Bark of a Tree, and to make it the bet 
ter, ihc hid put intoltabotitahandfuUofPeafc, 
and a few roafted Ground- nuts, J had not fcen my 
fon a priny while,and here was an Indian of whom 
J made inqairy after him, and asked him whence 
fa whim: heanlwcredme, that fuch a time bis ma- 
fier roafted him, and that himfclf did cat a piece of 
him, 3$ big as hi$ two fingers , aod.that he wai very 
good meat : But the Lord ttfotld mj Sptfttfuncter 
t ibis<ti{eoHragimenti and i confidtred their horrible 
additftdntfs to lyinfadnd tb#t there is not ens of them 
t bat m&k<* the ItaflcmfcMce of flaking of truth. 
In this place, on a cold nighr, as I lay by the fire, J 
Tcmo.vcd a ftidc that kept the heat from me, a 
Squaw moved it down again, at which I loolct op, 
add (he threw a handfull of aflics in miae eyes 5 J 
thought Jfhould have been quite blinded, and 
htvc acver fecnmore: bat lying down, the water 
run oat of my eyes, and carried the. dirt Wrtfcir, 
th^t: by the morning^ I recovered my fight again. 
-Xttttpo^nthK, and th : c like occafioos, I hope it is 
<Wtoo much to fay with Jo&, &wt pittj upon mc 9 
itmyFritndtifortbcHand 

f 



C34J 

of tie totd \)M i&uehid me. And here I cannot but 
remember how many times fitting uuheir fp- 
v>a ms, and mafin^on things paft, I fiiould fudden-* 
I y leap up and run our, as if J bid Been at home, 
forgetting where I was, and what my condition 
was: But when I was without, and Taw nothing 
but Wildtrnefi, and Woods, and a company of bar 
barous heathens: my mind quickly returned to me, 
which made me think of that, fpoken concerning 
$ ampfi, who faid, I *\l\go out and fhak* ^yff^fax 
& otbertwtt, but ht &i(l not that the Lord was de- 
ptrttdfrom him. About this time 1 began to think 
that all my hopes of Reftoration would come to no 
thing, 1 thought of the *} Ufh Army, and hoped 
for their coming, and being taken by them, but 
that failed, I b oped to be carried to v4lbany t as 
the Itdtattt had diicowrfcd before, but that failed 
alfo. 1 thought of being fold to my Husband, as 
my maftcjr fpakc, but in ftcod of that, my mafter 
himfclf w^s gonf, and ; left behind, fo that my Spi- 
ric was now quite ready to fink, J asked them to 
Jet me go oat and pick up fomc flicks, thai j might 
gc r alone, dnd poure out my bean nto ihe Lord. 
Then alfo j took my Bible to read, but j found oo 
corofortherc neither: which many times j waf 
went to find: So eeifie a thing n ^-ouMi Godt*dry 
tip tfa StreAWes of SfV/pt ure- comfort fri mw. Yc t 
j ran fay,that in all my forrtfws 
drd not Iddve me to have my lnapatieT-.ee 
.wjrdi hirafclf, as i/ hiswaycs were ifnri 



k*< tbti be lad upwwK ttfs tfan j dtftnt* 
ward, before this dofeiuH time ended with 
me, 1 was turning the leave* of my Bible, and the 
lord brought to me fomc Scriptures, which did a 
little revive roe, as that Jfai.y c.8 For My thoughts 
tat not your tloottgt^ ti*ber are you* wayei my v ay$ 
fditJb the Lord. Andalfo that, Pftl.37-f. Commit 
tkj *y 0to tbt Lord, truft alfo tn bi*>, and hcfta! 
\)iwi it to pafs. About this time they came 
yelping from Hadlj 9 where they had kitted three 
Hfo/fc wtw, and brought one Captive with them, 
!*&. JbomatRead. They all gathered about the 
poor Man, aiking him many QueSionf. 1 dcfir* 
ed-aifo to go and fee him ; and when I came, he 
was crying bitterly ; fuppofing they would quickly 
kill him. Whereupon j asked one of them, woe- 
the M bey intended to kill him; he aofwtred m^ 
they woald not: He bling a little cheflfed with 
that, [ aikcd him about the wel-farcof my Huf- 
thaod,he cold me he faw him (uch a time in tbeltey, 
and he wat well, but very nicfancicUy. By which 
I certainly under flood (tbtttgb ifrfpeciedjt btfort ] 
that whatfoe vet the /c/{;?olJ me refpe&iog him 
was vanity a ud lies. Some of them told me, be 
was dejd , and they had killed him : fome fard he 
was Married again, and that fhcGoyernoUr with 
cd him to Marry ; and told him he ftnuld have 
, and that all pcrf wndcd I Was dead So 
barbarous creatures to htm who 
om the beginning; 



As I was fitting once ia the wipem here, Ptillp 
Maid came ia with the Child ia her rms,snd zsk. 
ed me to give hct a piece of my Apron, to make i 
flip for it, I told her I would not: then myMift; 
rifi bad me give it, bat ftiil I fald no: the maid told 
jnc if I would not give her a piece, (he would tear 
a piece off it : f told her I would tear her Coat then 
with that my Miftt i fs rifes up, and takes up a ftick 
bigenooghto have killed me, and ftruckat me 
with it, but J ftcpt out, and (he (buck the ftick into 
thcMatoftbc Wigwam* But while fhe was pull, 
jog of it oar, j ran to the Maid ard give her all my 
:prorj,andfo that ftorm went over. 

Hearing that ray SOD was come co this place, I 
went to fee him, and told him bis Father was well, 
but very rnelancholly : ta fold rae he was as much 
grieved for his Father as for himfclf ; I woadred at 
hit fpecch, for 1 thought- I had enough upon nay 
fpiritin reference to my (elf, to make mr rnindlcfs 
of my Husbaa3 and every one dfc : they being faft 
among tbcir Friends. He told roe atfo. that a whilt 
before, his Matter (together with oihcr mdian\ 
where gouig to the French foe Powder ; but by thf 

Way the MohtvkjiM* wic ^ tncm > aod kil cd ^ OU! 
of thc(r Company which made the reft turn back 

again, for which Idt fire that my jelf and he may 
blefs the Lord ; for it might bave been woffc with 
him, had hcbcea fold.ib the Frwc6,;than it pro* 
vcd to be in his remaining with the l ndiant 
I wsntto fee *n Evt$jh Youth in thii place, one 



1 37 1 

Gilbert tf Sprftffj&c/d J found him 
without dorcs,upon co g OuacU j isked him how 
he did ? he told me be was very Tick of a fluX,with 
eating fo much blood: They had tamed him out 
of ihc Wigwam, and with him an Indian Papoo/ v 
almoft dead, ( whole Parents had been killed) ia a 
biit<r cold day, without fire or clothes : the young 
manbimfelfhadnotbingoD, but his fhirt & waft- 
coat. Trwfigit was enougb tomeU a heart of 
fliot. There thcyhyqaivcring in the Gold, the 
youth round like a dog; the Papoos rtrcrcht our, 
with his eyej and nofe and mouth full of dirt, and 
yet alive, and groaning, j advifed John to go an d 
get to fomc fire : he told me he cou d not Itand t 
but f perfwaded him ftill, left he ChouM ly there 
and die : and -vith much adoe ) got fcim to a fire , 
and wenc my fdf home. Asfoanas j was got 
home, his Maflcrs Daughrer came after me, to 
know what j had done wnh the EngklbmaH,) told 
her j hid goc him to a fire in fach a place, Now 
had j need co pray Pauu Prayer, 2 The Jf,$.i .That 
We w^y be delivered from unreasonable and wicked 
wen. For her facisf jdlion j went along with her, 
and brought her to him ; bat be fore j got home 
agairi,it wa.s coifed about;thatj \vas running away 
and getting the ^^l//feyou(h: along wuh me 
that as foonat I came in, rhcy beginrtorant and 
^mincer: asking me Wiercj had been, andwhaE 
i had b^e^ doing? and faying they-w;>uld knock 
him on the hcud : I told Khem 3 j hid been (eeiog 

the 



tfec BfgK/ft y<wt&, and that I would act roo sway, 
they told Oft I tyed, and taking up a Hatchet, they 
came Tome, and faid they would knock tne dowu 
if I flirted cut agate; and fo confined me to the 
Wigwam* Now may ] fay with David,2$4m. 24. 
14. I ant in a g rtatflrait. If 1 keep in, 1 maft dy 
ttitli hunger, and if I go our, / muft be kaockc in 
head* This diftrefled condition held that day, and 
half the next 5 And tbtn the Lord nmtmbnd mt t 
whole mtrcycs are Mat* Then came an Indian to 
tne with a pair o? (lockings that were too big for 
tfim, and he would have me ravel them om, and 
knit them fit for him. I flicwcd my fclf willing, 
arid bid him ask my mtflrifs if Jmigbr go along 
With him a little way ; (he fa id yes, J might, but j 
was not a liiilc tefrcfht with thai news, that J bad 
my liberty again. Then J went along with him, 
and he gave me fome roaftcd Grcund-nuts, which 
did again revive mf feeble ftomacb. 

Bcioggotoutof herfightt J had rime and liber 
ty again to look into roy Bible : Which as ty 
Gittdbyday 9 and my fill-why night. Now that 
comfortabltScriptuie prefixed it fclf tome, ^.5:4 
7. far tt final mment b&ve tfo-faite thttibutwtb 
great mtrcttt vdl Igatbtr Vblt* Th u j the Lord car- 
lied me along from one time toanoihe?, and4B4de 
good 10 me this precious pt omiCr, and mJcw o- 
Khm... Then ?J SoYiciwnu>{ft>*e\ andj^sked 

wicb me^ that J 



C i* T 

might comb hit head, and took over him, for be 
was almoft over come with lice. He (old me, 
When I had done, that he was very hangry,butt 
had nothing to relieve him; but bid him go into 
lh& Wig warns as he went along, and fee ifne could 
get any tbiug among them* Which he did, and i c 
fecmes tarqcd a little too long j for his Matter was 
angry with him, and brat him, and then fold him. 
Then he came running to tell me be had a ne wMaf- 
ter. and that he bad givcobimfome Groundnuts 
already. Then I went along with him to his new 
Matter who told me he loved him : and be fhoold 
cot wane. So his Mafter carried him away, & j 
never faw bim afterward , till j taw him at *Paf 
C4taqu4\n Portsmouth. 

Tbst night they bade rr* go oat of the WibA*n 
agiin: my MiftriiT Pa poos was fick t and it died, 
that oigbr, and there was one benefit in ir,tbat there 
was more room. J went to a vyiwa 9 and (bey 
bade me come in, and gave me a skin to ty apoa f 
and a mefs of Venfon andG? oood-nuts, wficb wae 
ft choice Diih among them. On the morrow ibey 
iburried the Ytf^w, and after ward, both morning 
aod evening, there came a company to mourn 
and howlc with her: thoiighjcojtfefs, j cojjtdjwt 
much conoole with shem^ iMsjcry fonowfuU 
day es j bad in this piaoe : o f teff ^ftthng .aloce ; 
l*t*Crane, oraSwtlltw fo Md t cbatttr : ^M 
nowm as aDove>w>nt tjttfytl with looking vpvftrdi 
Oi; Lwd \ am offrtJIed^eltrta^fQr W^I/a^S 14 



I could tell thf iwd ** He&ctyakt ver.3 .. 
far no* O LorJ 9 lfa[tccl)ttoef)t;ovp I have walked 
before tbtt w fr*^. Now bad I time to examine al 
my wayes : my Ccnfeicncc did not accufe me of 
un-rightci. ufnc f s toward one or othci : yet J Taw 
how intn y walkwitbGod, Ihadbefnaca.elcfs 
creature. As David faid, <djai*/l tkct, tbec only 
bait 1 fnntd : & ! might fay with the poor PubJi- 
cav y Corf ^e mtrctful unto me a (inner. On the Sab- 
bath- dayeijt could look t-pon the Sun and think 
bow People were going to the houfc of God, 10 
have tbeir Souls refreftit \ & tbcn home, and their 
bodies alfo: but I was d<ftituic of both; & mtght 
fay as the poor Prodigal, be wwld Ja.m bait filed 
hs tl/y with tbt butfy rM Ae Svtine &\d ea^ and no 
man4vt*Ht4)l!i 9 Lu\tG 15.16 For /muftfay 
with him, Father i huve {inntd again ft Hcavtn^ 
avdin thy /igjbf, vcr 21. / remc rnbced hw on the 
QTgtitbefort& aUcr tbc Sabbitn, when my Fami 
ly was alxxut me , and Relationi nnd Neigh hours 
with us, we. could pray and (ing, and then refrefh 
our bodies witb the good cteaturcsof Gd ; and 
then have a.co.mfcr table B<d to ly down ou : but 
infteadof ait this, i had only a little Swill for the 
body,^nd : tbertUke a Sw-ne, muft ly down oo the 
groudd. I cannot r xprcftto roan the fonow that 
by upon my Spnic, tbcLofdifnowsJit. Yctlfcat 
comfortable Scriptote would often come to my 
Blind, for */wJ/ womcnt b*vt Ifafakfn \kti> but 
MtWti Vftt l&ttitt. ifa* 

Tit 



C 4*1 

The fourteenth Remove. 

Now rand we pa(k up and be gone ftoro this 
Thicket , bending our courfc toward the Bay-to ws 
i havciog nothing to cat by the way this day, buf a 
few crumbs of Cake, that an rndian gave my gid 
the fame day we were taken. She gave it me, 
and I put ic in my pocket : thetf it lay, til/ it was 
fo mouldy ( for want of good baking j tbaC one 
tould not tell what it was made of; it fell all to 
crumbs, & grew fo dry and hard, that it was like 
tittle flints; & this remedied me many times, 
when I was ready to/aint. lowas in my thoughts 
when I pat it into my month i that if ever I return 
ed,! would tell the World what a blefling the Lord 
gave to fuch mean food. As we went along, they 
killed a Deer, wftb a youog one in her . they gave 
me a piece of the Fa MM, and it was fo yoangand 
under, that one might cat the bones a well as the 
Utte, and yet \ thcf ughtit very good. W hen night 
came on we fite down-, it rained, but they quickjy 
got up a Bark Wigwam, where Hay dry that 
night. 1 looked our in the morning, and many of 
them had line in the rain all night, i few by their 
ReaKing. Thus the Lord dealt tnercifuHy with 
murrany tunes, and I fared better than many of 
them. ,ln the morning they took the blood of the 
Veer, and pot it into the Paunch, and fo boyle^ 
it ;Icould eat nothing of that , thought they aic ic 
sweetly, And yertbey were fo oice in othe* tbiogf , 



*tfi at wncn 1 bad f ctcht watc r, and had put the Difh 
! dipt the water with, into the Kettle of water 
which 1 brought, they would fa|,tbty wcwld 
knock mt down 5 for they faid,itwas * flatuft 

tffcfc 

fkt fiftetntb fa&Fve. 

We went on oar Travel. I having go toot 
IiandfSll of G round- nuts/or my rpppor c that d ay 
they gave me my load, and j wen. oncbeer/ully 
I with the thoughts of going homewardj haveiog 
my burden more on my back than coy fpuit : we 
Came to Baquang Rlvtr again tbat day, near which 
weabodeafcwdaycs Sometime* one ofchcm 
wouldgiverncaPipc ? another a little Tobacco, 
anoifjci a litclc Salt: which 1 would change for a 
little Viftcwls. I cannot but think whaf a 
Wolvifh appctifc perfons have in a ftarving 
coadition : for many times when they &avc me 
that which was hot, I was fo greedy, that 1 (hoird 
burfcmy mouth, that it would troobic rac hours af- 
Ccr, aod yet I rbould quickly doth: fame agaia. 
And after I was thotougly hdngry, 1 was never a- 
gainfatuied. For though fomctimes it fell our, 
lhat I got enough, and did eat till 1 could - -t no 
Biosr, yet 1 was ai unfatisficd as J Was when 1 be 
gan. And now could J fee tbat Scripture verifcd 
( there being many Scriptures which we do not rake 
notice of, or undetftand till we arc afflicted ) Mil. 
6*14, ThMfbatofatavulHotbt/atttfiej. No* 
might 1 fee more {{urn t vet betoic,iDe mifcricl tha ( 

fid 



[43] 

fin hath brought upon us: Many times I fhoufd b* 
thdy to ran out againft the Hatho, but thr Scri*. 
ptUre would quiet roc again, ^wo/, | 6, Sbal there 

fa tyil in (be City* dn4 *fa L rft h ^ wt done & ? 
the Lord help me to make a right improvmcot of 
fill Word, and that I might learn thai great teflon, 
Aftf. 0. *>9 fftfatbjcwtdtfa(O& MA*) what 

if loot, abilvt>fat doth tktLcrd nguirt oftbtt^ but to 
do justly, ana lovt merc 

Godl Htfft let ke rod, 



Tkefixttentb Remove* 

We began tit* Rttnwt with wading owr Baquag 
Kivtritht water was up to tbe faces, andthtftream 
wry fwtft, and fo cold tbat 1 thought it would have 
cur me in fonder* j was fq weak and feeble, that } 
reeled as I went along, ard thought there I muft 
end my da yes at laft t aftr my bearing and getting 
thorough fo many difficulties; the \ndtant ftood 
laughing. to Tee me Daggering along: but in my 
diftrefs the Lord gave me experience of the rta;h, 
aodgoodncfsofthat promife, I/^.4j.a.^ Whtn 
ftoifpajftfl th*roH&b tke Watert^ I vftllttviith-tbec, 
andtbrougb the Rivtrt, ibej flail not overflow thee. 
Then I fat down to put on my ftockins and &OQS, 
W itb the tear es running down mine eyes, and many 
fotrowfull thoughs in my heart, but I gat up ta^o 
along with them.Quickly there me up to s anln- 
, wbQ informed them, that I nouft go toWacbv- 

to my is after, for tbc re was a Letter come from 
D the 



I 4* 3 

the Council to the Sq famortt, about redeeming 
the Captives, and that there wonW be another in. 
f bartten day es, and that I muR be there ready.. My 
heart wai fo heavy before that 1 coukKcatcefpeak 
or go Hi the path j and yet now fo light, that] 
couldiaru My ft cngth fecmed to come again, *nd 
recNiiuny fee blc knees, and aking hem: yet it 
plcafedthemtogobut one miJc that night, and 
there we flayed two dayes. In tbar tirDccamea 
company of Indian* to us, near thirty, all en borfe- 
back. My heaf t skipt wuhin me, thinking they Nd 
bew|M(fc-Wfatihefirftfigbtof thero, for they 
wercdrelTcdio^^/fc ^PpSrcI, with Hars, white 
Ntckcloths,, aod Safhcs about their wafts,and Rib- 
bonds upon their (houlderi : bul when they came 
pear, their wa$ a vaft difference fcetwctn the-love- 
lyfiCesof GbriAians, and the foul looks oftbofe 
Heathens, which mneh damped my fpirit again* 

Tbefeventtewb Remove, 
<A comfoYtabltRtmovcitvrft towifr> licaufecf 
my hope** They gave jne a pack, and along we 
went cbearfqlly ; but quickly my Will proved more 
than my ftrength; havjig little or DO fie(hing 
my ftrength failed mf, and my fpirit weie *lmoft 
quite gome. Now may I fay who 1Davt<t t Pfa!., 
i / 22,*3,24 I am f cor and net dy 9 and my heart 
it woUvded wM mt. \ awgOM ftkf tfa fiadonwhtfi 
it dtii mth : I am tofftd-p attttlom Jikftijt tocucti 
fny knees are 



ttb offaineft, A t oigbtwc came to an Tmfa jiTo**, 
and the hdiaat fate down by a Wigwam difea tf 
ing, but J wai almoft fpcrjc, andcot/kJ fcaict f p ak. 
I laid down my load, and went inio the Wiw*#ii 
and there far an Indian boyling of Horfctfeti- (they 
beiog wont to cat the flefh firrt , and when the feet 
w re old and dried, and they had nothing elfethcy 
would cut off the feet and ufc them M ask d him 
to give tnc a lutfe of his Broib, or Water they were 
boiling in ; he took a difb, aod give me one I pooo,- 
foll of Samp, aod bid me take as much of the Brotbi, 
as I would ThfD I put fomc of the hot waict to 
tbeSarcp, and drank it up, rndmy fpiritcanea* 
gain. He gave me alfoa piece of the Ruff or Rid- 1 
ding of the (mail Guts, and ( brotlrd it on the coals; 
and row may ifay with Jonathan, Set y I pro? vov, 
kw mine tjdbavt hen fnhlattttd % btca^ej taft- 
tdaltttltoftbiit>oiiey, t Srfw 4 14. 19. Now is my 
Spirit revfoed again, thcughmems be never fo in- 
toaGdcrable, yctifthcLordbcftowhisbhfTmg u. 
pon them, they (hall rcfreih both Soil and Body: 

eighteenth Remove, 
irpacfatnci along we #en-t 9 but i 
daj I had of it. AS we went along 1 faw 
in ZHgtifaman ftript naked, and lying dead opon! 
!htground > bnrknew rot who it wasi Then we 
wme toaootberlrfjs Town, where we Hayed all 
,tiight. In this Town there were four E*gii(h chil* 
aod oneof them my owa Sifters 
Da 



t utent ta-fca howffce did* and Git was Well, con 

{Bering Jier Opt ive-cosditic n. I would have t. 
lied that night with her, bat they thatownedhct 
would not faffer it.. Then I went into another Wifr 
warn, where they were boyling Corn aod Bcanf, 
which was a lovely fight to fee, but J could not g 
a taftc thereof; The c 1 went to another Wigwag 
where there were two of the /*/ CfoWrrj the 
&404W was boyling Horfesfett, then (he cotdt 
off a little piece, and give one pf the Englifi Chil 
dren * piece alfo. Being very hungry I had quickly 
cat up mine, but the Child, could oot bite ir, it was 
fo tough and fine wy, but lay fucking, gnawing, 
Chewing andflabbering of it in the moutb and hand, 
thtnl took it of the Child, and eat it my fclf, and 
favoary it was to my tafte. Tfcen I may fay ai fy 
Glmp.6.7. Tkt tkivgi that my foul rtfafed totouc\ 
Hit. as myfomwfull faeat* Thus the Lord made 
Jha* plcafant refrclhing, which another tin*. 
ifould hive been an abomination. Then | : wear 
^.onjctomy-miftreiTcs W/gw^wi.andtbey told me 
I difgraccd my maftcr with beggiof: , and if I did ft 
anymore, they would knock me in heed: I told 
j, they bad as good knock ms it* bead as 



The ni 

They fatty when ye mtf out, thatw.e 
JoWacbufcl this day. Bui a bicrwe.ary day! b* 
of ir, (tavelliDg now three^dayes i 



(4?) 

s, Ifaw Wtafo/rf hilfs, bat many miles off. 
Then we came to a great Swamp, through which 
we < travelled ap to the knees,, in mad and water, 
which was heavy going to one tyred before. \ Be- 
iogalmoftfpcnt, I thought I (hoald have funk 
down at laft , and never gat out ; but I may fay, as 
io Pfd. 94.18. W ben tny foot Jlippcd^tby mercy, 
Lord \)tU me up., Going along, haying indeed my 
life, but littfe fpirit, Philip, who was ia theCoh> 
pany,came up and took me by the hand, and fai& 
Two week* more And you fial bs Mtftveft again t I 
asked him, ifbtfpaketrue? . hcarrfwercd, Yes, 
and quickly yott (halcomt toyoity wafer ct^l^ who 
had been gone from u three week?. A fter many 
weary fteps we carrier ro Wacbiiftt, whcte be wasr 
and glad I was to fee^im. He askfd msr, When J 
a-ajbt mt ? J told him not this month,theij he fetcht 
me fomc water himfclf, and bid me wa(h>and gave 
me the -G\ a fs to fee how j lookt ; and bl bis S%ua 
give ipe fomethin^to cat : f o (he gave me a mefs 
of Beans and meat, 4nda little Ground nut Cake. 
I vcas wonderfully revived with this. favoorChc Wed 
me,.- fp/. iod. 46 He made tbtm atfo 
of tilth* ft that carried them Captive f. 
My tr.aptr baddree Sqaawi, (i 
with one, and fcmctiwet with (Mttbirvtifi 
Squaw, at vboft Wigwan j nat y andontbw 
tltrbad betn tko[t t bret wfej. Another 

witb whom I had lived and fervtdj 
A fcvcrc and proud Dame (he was j 
D 



f^ftow mj? e^ery day in dre fling her felf neat a* 
irraeheimeas any of tfaj Gentry of the land : pow 
dering her hair, and painting her face, going vrith 
j^edj-Iaces, with Jewels in her ears, and Bracelets 
upon her hands : When (he had dreflcd her Mi,het 
woik was to m*kc Girdles of ivampom and Siadt, 
The third Squaw wos a younger one, by whom he 
had two Papoo/<s. By that time 1 was refreflu bjr 
theo^d Sgr4#, with whom my matter was, Wei* 
tt worts Mild came to call me home, at which I fell 
a Weeping. Then the old S^K<* told me, to encoa- 
rage me, thai if! wanted vitfualt, j fhouldcome 
to rser, and that j b oldJy there in her Wtgnam. 
Xnen j went with the maid, and qatckly came again 
ac4 lodged there. T he S$*3# laid a Mat under me, 
And 4 good Rugg over me; the firft time J had 
any f ch ktndntis (hewed me. J. noderftood that 
Wttttwore thought, that if (he (hould let me go and 
(eryc with 3tl old S^uaw, (he would b e in danger 
to Ioofr,inot oaiy my fervice, but the redemption- 
pay alfo. /&)d j wa* npt a little, glad to hear 
ttiitj being bj it rat fed in my hopes, that in Gods 
due time tnerc would be an end of this forrowfull 
hour* Then came an Indians and asfced me to knit 
him.threcpairofSrockfns, for which) had a Har, 
a nd a filk Handkerchief. Thcnaaotberaikedmcto 
tttlk her a (hift, for which ihc gave me an Apron. 
% toen Cnwe Tom jd Peter, with tktfcwnd Let 
ter from the Cvmcily about the Captives* Though 
cncy wcrctf^fl/w, j gat them by the hand, and 

butft 



butft cat into tears; my heart was fo full that J 

could oojt fpcak to them ; but recovering my fclf, j 

asked them how my husband did, & ali my friends 

and acquiin ance ? they faid,T#ry arrall vtry well 

b*t mtlancokly The? brought me C wo Biskccs, and 

a pono j of Tobacco. The Tobacco j quickly gave 

away ; wh<n It was all gone, one abkcd me to give 

him a pipe of Tobacco, I to!d him it was all gone ; 

then btgan bs to rant end threaten. I tojd hiai wh en 

my Husband cams. I wculd give him Come : Hang 

him ROIM (fayeibe) } will ^Mcfyyt hit brains, tf 

he comes k:re And then again, in the fame breath 

they would fay, That tf then fowld come anbutd* 

dred wittiout Gtnft, thtf wwld dg tkem no bxrt. So 

unftablc and like mad ra;n they were. So that fear* 

ing the worft, I durft not fend to my Husbitfd, 

though there were (omc -thoughts of his coming to 

Redeem and fetch me, not knowing what might 

follow ; F<* tbtre wai little wore trttfi to them then 

to ihcmafttrtbej fated. When tfee Letter Waf 

come, the Saggamores met to confult about the 

Captives, and called me to them to eoqaircliow 

much my husband would give to redeem me, when 

I came I fate down among them, as J was won: 

to do, as their manner is : Then tbty bade me ft fad 

iff, and (aid, tbej were tbs Central Ccttrt. Tfay 

bid mt fyeal^ what I thought be would give, NoW 

knowing <hat all we had was dcftroy cd by the I- 

Jietotm I was in a great ftrait : f thought if I fh ould 

fpeakdfbut a little, it would be flighted, and hin. 



<Jer the mrftejr jlfof a great fur f I knew not where 
ii voold tar procured: yet at a vent are, I fait} 
Twsntfpoandt, y etdcfi red them to lake tcf$; bat 
they would not hear of that, bat feat that meflage 
to^Jto, that for Tify pound*} ftould be re- 
deemed. It was a Praying /tufow that wrote their 
letter for them. There was another Praying ! 
<&#, who cold me, that be had a brother, that 
would not cat Horfe; hisconfcience was founder 
and fcrapatous ( thongfera* large as bdlj forthe dc 
defioiftiou of poor Chri/ftont ) Then he faid , he 
tead that Scripture to him, 2 Kings, 6- 25. Thtrt 
XMS a faminun Samaria, and be kid they be/ieged it, 
untill an Affes httd wat fold for fourfcorepisccscj 
jilbtr, and the fourth part if a Kab of J>ovetdttng) 
jorfivejiccciofflvtf He expounded this place 
to his brother, and ftsewcd him that it was lawful! 
to cat that in a Famine which is not at another 
jLlm 6, And now,fayes he ,hc will cat Horfc with any 
Tndtaw<-tb&*alt. There was another Praying- 
1^/^p, who when he bad done alt the mifchicf that 
Tie could, betrayed his own Father mtotbe Elijh 
bands, thereby to purchafe bii own life. Another 
Praying? W/* was at Sudbttry-fght , though, as. 
he deferved*, be was afterward banged for it, 
There was another Praying Indian, fo wicked and 
ct uel, as to wear a ftringaboathisaeck, (hutog 
wiiTj Cbri/liam fingers. Another Praying- hdtan^ 
when they went to Sudbfiryfi^ht y went with them, 
patfy wjth^ini,with bcr^ooi at her 

bacfe 



[51] 

back : Before they ^*0ttD that figtt, they goU 
Company together to Pi&ti* ; the manner was as 
followetru There tfas oae that kneeled upoa a 
1)etr-ikf* % with tbe company round him in a ring 
who kateled, and ftrikiog upon the ground wiih 
their bands, and with (licks; and muttering or 
bumming with their mouths, befides him who 
kneeled in the ting, there alfo flood one with 
Gtm it* hU hand : Then he one the Dier*sk*a made 
afpcech, and all maoifeftcd afltnt to it: and To 
they did many times together. A Then they bade 
him with the G$n go out of the nog, which he did, 
but wheohc was our, they called him in again , but 
hcfcemcdtomakeaftaod, then they called the 
moreieaineftly, tfll be returned again : Trwnthey 
all fang. Theuttey gave bim two Guns, in cither; 
band OGC : And Co he on the Z>* -*^m began a* 
gain,; and at tbe tod of every fcnfepcc in hit fpeak- 
ing, they all a (Tented, humming or muttering with 
their mouihcs, and ftrikiogupori the ground with 
their bands* Then die y bade him with the two 
Guns go out of the ring again ; which he did, a lit 
tle way. Then they called him in again, but he 
jnade a (land ; fotb-cy called hito wtth_greater eSt- 
ncAncfsj but he ftood reding and waveiing&sif 
lie knew cot .w hi the c be (hould dander fail, or 
^hifibwaytogc, Thtn ihcy called him with ex.- 
cecdiog great vehemcncy, all ofthQ3, oceanda- 
nothcr : after a little while-hc tVioed in, ftaggcr 
ing a$-tie WCM, wiih Ais Anncittretchilouc, in 

either 



cither hand a Gun. As foon as he came in, they 
all faog and rejoyccd exceedingly a while. And then 
he OfiSul" the Detr-skin, made another fpceco 
ftoto which they all affented to a rejoicing manner : 
and fo they coded their bufinefs, and forthwith 
went to SMury fight. To ray thinking they went 
without any fcruplc, but that they (hoiild profpcr, 
aad gain the victory: And they went oat not fo 
rejoycing, bat they came home with as great a Vi 
ctory. For they faid they had killed two Captains, 
and ajmoft an hundred men. One ZngUfh-mcm 
they brought along with them: and he faid, it 
was too ftue.for they bad made fad work at Sudbt* 
>7, as indeed it proved. Yet they came home with-, 
out that rejojrdng aod triumphing over their vi 
clorjr, wbich they were wont to ihewat other 
iims$ but rather like BJogs ( as they fay) which 
hav* loft their ears. Yet 1 could not perecive that 
it was for their own lofs of men : They faid, they 
bad ROE loft above five or fix : add I miffed none, 
cxcep meoc wigwam. When they wcot , they 
*#ed as if the Devil had told them that they 
fhoaW gmin the viftory : and now they afted> as 
if the Devil had told them they flioald have a fall. s 
Whither it were fo or no, I cannot tell, but fo it 
proved, for quickly they began to fall, aod fo held 
oo that Summer, ti)I they came to utterroiae, 
They came borne on a Sabbath day>and the Fww 
that kneeled upca the Deer-ski* came home (1 
raay fay, wiihont abate) asbUckasthc,Devif, 



my matter e*me home, be came to me aa<! 

bidmeiajkcafnirtfofhis T^SOJ, of a hollaod* 
Uced Pillow be t About that time there came ao 
\rdtzn to me and bid me come to his wigvam, ar 
night, and he would give me Tome Pork & Ground 
NX?. Which 1 did, and as 1 was eat ing, another 
Indian (aid to rnt, fee feems to be your good Fdsed, 
but be killed two EngliftrAe* at 5^6yy > and there 
ly their Cloatbf behind you : 1 looked behind mr, 
and theieJfaw bloody Cloaths, with Bullet holes 
in them ; yet the Lord fuffcred not this wrercb to 
do me any hart; Yea, iafteadofthar, he many 
times refrcffci me : five or fix times did he 8od bis 
Squaw rcficfh my feeble carcafc. If J went Co 
Iheir Wigwam & any time , they would aiwayes 
givemcfometblng, and yet they wtte Grangers 
tbat 1 never fa w before Another Squaw gave me 
apieceoffrefhPork, and a little Salt with it, and 
feit me bet Pan to Fry it io ; and 1 cannot bat re 
member what a fweer, pleafant and delightfuSfre- 
hih that bit had to me, to this day. So little do 
v?e prize common mercies when we have them to 
ihefuii. 

Tbt twentieth Hfium, 

ft MS tbiir ufual manner to rtntwe, vhtn tbty 
tod done any mtfchitf, left they fioutd be found out : 
0ft&0 titty did at thi* time. We went about three 
or four miles, and there they buif C a great Wil am > 
~big enougb to hold ao hundred Indian 9 v/hicb 
they d dio preparation to a great day of JDancing 



S4 1 

They would i &y now among?! therofcfres, that tire 
GewMottr WOold be fo angry for hii fofs at *;%. 
yy,that tic would fend iu> mots about the Captivet, 
which made me grieve andtremble. My Sifter be* 
ingtioi far from the place where we now were: 
and hearing that I was here, defired her mifterto 
let her come and fee me, and he was willing to 
it, and Would go with her: but be being ready 
before him, told him ihe wonld go before, and w 
come within a Mile or two of ths place; Then he 
overtook her, and began to rant as if he had bcca 
mad; and made her go back again in the Rain ; fa 
that I never faw her till j.fftw her in Charleston^ 
But the Lord requited many of their ill doingi, foe 
this Indian her Matter, Wai banged afterward a? 
jBoflon. The Indian now begaa to come from all 
cjoarters, agaioft trteir merry dancing day. Among 
foroe of them came one GooMfe /T^/:Itold her 
my heart was fo heavy that it was ready fo break: 
To is mne too faid (he, but yet Paid, I hope we fhail 
hear fame good ncw&ftlortly. I could hear how 
carncflly m y Siller defired to fee me,ck I as caroefr 
|y tkfircd to fee her : and yet neither of us could 
gt an opporfuoiry. My Daughter was alfo now 
about a mile off, and I had not ken her in nineot 
ten weeks, at I had not feen my Sifter fmce our 6rft 
raking. I carncft ly defired them to let me go and 
fie them: yca,I iutrcated, begged, andperfwatF 1 
d them, but to let me fee my Daughter ; amjyc* 
io hard heacred were they, that they would tot 



C 553 

fuffe r it. They made ufe of their tyrannical powei 
v?hi!ft they bad it t bat through the Lords wonder* 
fall mercy, their time was now but fhott, 

On a Stbbatb daji tht S untying about an bout 
tigkintbeefwnooni ttme Mr* John Roar ( tts 
Council ftrmittinf him, and hit ownfortwardfpint 
inclining him) togttbgv yitf tht twofortmcnttontft 
Indians, Tom and Peter with their third Letter fan* 
tbt Council When they came near, f was abroad; 
thoogh I faw them not,thcy prcfently called me ie 
in j bade me fit down and not ft ir. Then they Catch- 
ed up their Guns, and away they ran , ay if an Enc 
my h|d been at band j and the Guns went off apace 
1 manifeftcd f omc great trouble, and they asked me 
what was the matter ? 1 told them, I thought tbt% 
fad killed tbt Eoglifh-man (for they hadinthc^ 
.meantime informed mcthatan^]3i-jwtf way 
come) theyfaid, No- 9 They (hot Over his Horfe 
and uncJer, and before bis Horfcj and they pufiu 
]>im this way and that way, at their pleafure : 
(hewiug whapthey conld do : Then they let them 
come to ^ their Wigwams. . I begged of riltra to 
let rnc fee the #$w#, but they woufd nor. 
But there wa&lfiin.tofitthiir pleiare. Wliea 
they bad talked tbcir filil with %lm , they fuffctcd 
meiogo to him. We asked each other of 

cor welfare, andhow ray Husband did and all 
tny Friends? He told me they were all welF, and 
fcroyld be gfad to f me. Amongft oth^c 
tfciiitswbJcbmyHu$baiJdfentme, there came a 
Wund of Tobacco; which I fold for nine (hillings iq 



6*3 

Money : For many of the Indiam for want of TV 
faccOt fmoakcd //* tof^,and Ground- J V y. it was 
a great miftake in any, who thought J lent f or 
7<.bACCo : for through the favonr of God, that de- 
fire was overcome. I now asked them, whiihtrl 
fiiculd go Home with Mr Hoar ? They anfwered 
5^o, one aod another of them : and it being night, 
we lay down with that aofwer ; in the morning^ 
Mr Hoar ini itcd the Saggamtrcf to Dinner; DJJI 
when we went toget it ready, we found thai they 
bad ftqllen the grcateft part of the ftovifioivMf, 
Hour had brought, out of his Bags, in the night; 
txf^< m*yfcc the wond ifull power of Gcd t in 
that one }&$<tge* * Mat wbi* ijfe^rc vatfucb a^eat 
xitmfaroftkelnti&mtogtlfar, and Jp gttedy of A 
littlt good f osd $ an4 no EbgHfhUf rr, but Mr.HoOf 
Zndmyfelf: that thtre tb.y didv* tmckusttofbt 
fretd, and Ufa what wt bad: there bt\ng *4 only 
feme tfr&vi/ion, but aljo Trading-slot b, a part of tht 
tvtentj pound* a&rccd pow : But tnfttad cf doing us 
G$ tntfckitf, tbty fa&tdtoti afbomed oftbtfaft^ 
ar,d faid, it wvtfotne Matchit Indian tut did it, 
Ob, that wecould believe that there is no thing 
too bard for Cod! God (hewed fcis Power 
ovet the Heathen,in this, at be did wer tMttritj 
Lyont ttktv Daniel wascafl into tke Den. Mr, 
called t4iembctime to Dinner, but they ats 
little, they being fo buficin dff fling them- 
, and getting read yfor their Dance: -which 
was cat tied oivj by cigh( of th: m four Mtn and 

tout 



[573 

- My qaafter and miftrifs being two. 
He was drcffcd fa his Holland flxirt, with great 
lakes fewtd it the toil of it, he had his fitvcr But 
tons, his white Sto^im, his Garters were hnng 
round with Shilling?, arid lie had Girdles of Wnt. 
ym upon biibtnelfuifipiOHMtrs. She had * Keric; 
Coar, and Covered with Girdles of Wamfom frotp 
the Loins upward : ceramics from her elbows to 
Ter hands were coveted with Bracelets \ there were 
iandfuHs of Neck faces about her neck, find fevc- 
tall forts of Jewels in hcreais. Sbe had fine rcc| 
Stokim, and white Shoos, her hair powdered and 
face painted Red, that was alwaycs before Black. 
And all the Dancers were after the fame mancer. 
There were two other fingrng and knocking on & 
Kettle for their raufidc* They kecpt hopping op 
tad down one after anotner, with a Kettle of wa- 
terintheipidr>^ landing warm upon feme Emr 
bers, to drink of when, they were dry. They beld 
oo till it was afmoft night, throwing cut Wanfom 
to the (landers by. At night 1 asked them again, 
iff fhculd go hornet They all asocefaidNo, ex^ 
cept my Hmband wouM come foe me. Wittn we 
we/c Iain down, my MarUr went out ci the Wf~ 
/rw,and by and by ftnt ta an Indian called fames 
the ?>/>, who told Mrv//wr, thatmyMafiet 
would let me go home to raorrow, if be would let 
him b avC one pint of Liquors. Then Mr. fjoa* 
called his owolw^wr, Tom and Peter^ and bid 
fhetr go aod fee whiiheits would promifc it 



.r 58 i 

fore them fi&rte : and if bs would, he fhocld have 1 
it ; which he did, and he bad it. Then Ptilip fmd* 
tag the bufinefs cs\ Q me to hhn,and aiked me what 
I would give him, totcll me fome good newt, and 
fpeatt a good wof d fox me, J cold him, I could wt 
ttllwbat to ,vs him, i would ant thing I had, and 
Mkfd him what he would baud He faid, two Coats 
and twenty (hillingHn Mony, and half a buffed of 
feed Corn, and fomc Tobacco. I thanked him for 
bis love: but I kaew the good news as wll M tb 
crafty Fox. My Mailer after he bad bad his drink, 
quickly camc/antisg imo the wi&wam again, and 
called for Mr* tioar, drinking to him, and faying, 
fff w&* agtodnwi : vatid then agaii he -would fay, 
ffa#ibim Rogit i ^lagalmoftdiunk, he would 
arinfe him, ssd yet prcfently fay he (bould be 
hanged. Then be called forme,.! trembled to beat 
bjno, yet I was ftis to go to him, andbcdraokto 
Ittt, {hewing no incivility. He was the firft Indian 
ifaw drunk all tfcc while tbat 1 was amongft them. 
At jaft his 53049 raa out, and be after ker r round 
the Wigwam, with his mony jingtm g at his knees : 
But (he efcaped him : But having .an old Squave be 
ra&to&rr: and h throngb the : Lords mercy, we 
were no more troUlbled thai nigbt. Ye 1 1 bad not 
c etmfwtaU* mfjnt reft : for I tktok ] can fa \ Ml 
Hotjlcfpfw tbm 9i%bts togtktr> Tlae nigbt before 
the Letter caxnc from the CouncH, J could not-reft 
J wai fo full of fearcs and troubles, God man? 
leaving us raolt in ihs dark, whro &$iT- 



IS9) 

rsnce Is ncarcft : yet, ai this time fcoold not r 
nJgfat DOT day; The oext nigk f was overjoyed, 
Mr. Hear being come, tod that with fach good t^ 
dings. The third night I was e vco fwallowed up 
vita the thoughts of things , *>fo ihac svr 1 fhoald 
$o home again; and that Imuftgo* Icafiogmy 
Cbildrco behind me in tfac Wildtr&fs ; fo that flcep 
*is now almeft departed from mine cyet. 

OoTueJday mamni they called dbei Gttural 
Court (as they call it) to confdc aoddetetmioc, 
whether 1 ihonld go home or DO : And they all as 
one maa did fcemiagly con ft m to it, that I (hould 
j>home; except tPi^tafco woId not comt 
amouglhtm* 

Bt before fgo aajrfbrtbcr, I would take feavc 
to mention a few remaifcaWe paflagcsof pro?i. 
&oee, ^bich I took ipedal notice of m my afli 
bedtime. 

i- Oftinf** optoHtHdt to in 
l**k afar rfc Forr-figi,f; 



Enemy *M*fi*Mfa that w men *t,ht 

the *Hb fa Gro**d- 
for Mf lw. f fay, 

atentrar imy (hooldwant Provifion, and be 
forced to leave their purfnit and return homeward; 

upoo our 



death. 



death* BufeWhat (hall Hay ? Cod feezed to leave 
to* People tpfliemfclves* and order all things for 
bis owa holy cods. Sval tbtre be tvil in tht City 
*ndtke Lord bath not done tt ? They arc notgricvid 
fsr thc-affliftion 0/Jofeph, thief we (kal ibey^o Cap. 
trie, with tht fir ft that go Gaptiw. It is t he Lords 
doing, and it fhon!d be marvelous in our eyes. 

a. I cannot bet remember how the Itowj Jo 
tided the flownefs, and dufaefs of the */*//> Ar- 
xny,iaits/fetiingout. Foraftettbc dcfolatioosat 
JL**c qlltriu&Afe<tfeM 9 as / went aloog wuh 
lhcrr^;they asked, me wbcnl thought the *glifh 
Array would come aftctihero^ I told them f coo d 
not tell: It may be they Will come in May, fa id 
they. Thus did they fcofte at us, as if the ngtif> 
Would be a quarter of a year getting ready 

3. WbicbalfolbavebintttibefoYt, whtu tbe Eog- 
lift jfrmy wftkntvfHppnes vrsrcfcnt forth to pnrft 
after tbt enemy > & they under/landing it : fed bejin 
them tilllhtj came to Baquaug Rivtr, wbtrc ihty 
forthwith KM ovtrfafely ; that that River florid fa 
innfafaWi to tbt Enghth. 1 can but admire to fee 
Ibc woodcrfull providence of God in prrfccvjrg 
tbe heotheo for farther afftiftion to our poorCoun 
*rcy. They could go in great numbers over, bjt 
hcx^ ma ^^P : God had an over-ruling 
hand io all tbofc things* 

4. It was thw&hty if their Commit cut *to*q, 
tley vtwld jifove and d? with butigtri , (tnd all 
Mr Corn that entity fttu&i n#s 



C" J 

irivtn from that lit tit they bad in ft ore, into tk* 
Wotdi in the midfl of winter j and yet how to ad 
miration did the Lotd prcferre them for his ho 
ly ends, and the dcftru&ion of many ft ill amongfi 
the E*gliflj\ ftrangely did the Loid pfovicfc fot 
them; that I did not fee ( a(\ the time I was a- 
mong them) one Man, Woman, or Ctnld, dit 
with hflngCr. 

Though many times they would eat tfeat, ttat 
a Hog or a Dog would hardly touch ; yec by chat 
God ftrcogthoed them to be a fcomge to his 
People. 



. 

They tat alfo Nutt andvdcoYns^ Harty choa^t 9 
Lilly roots, Ground- ham, and feveral other wcc<J$ 
ind roots, (bat I know na?. 

7 kty would pick, up old bout*, and cut them to p:c 
r tbtjoynts,and iftbty wtrc full ofwormei and 
magots> tbcy would [caldtbevovtrtht fire to ma$e 
tie vtrainectmc out, and then boittthtm, anddml^ 
up tht Liquor, and then beat ibe&ntt end) of. them 
k a Mortcr, and fa eat them* They would cat 
Hoffesguti, and ears, and all forts of wild Birds 
which they coald catch : alfo Bcar,Ven0i/on,Bra- 
vcr, Tortoij, Frogj, Sqairrds, Dog^, Skunk*, 
Ratclc-fnakcs; yea, the ve/y Bark of Trees be- 
6des all forts of cre a tures,and proton- which thcv 
Cindered from the Entity I can bu; fond tn 
admiration to fee the wondetfal power of God, in 
pjovidfng for fuch a vaft rmtnber of our Enemies 



n 



in tbe w^rfp, where there was nothing to be 
fecn r but from band to mouth. Many times. in a 
teeming, the generality o them, would e*t up 
all thty baB, and yet brave feme fmt^cx fupply a- 
g&ft jhey wanted, his {aid, Pfil-.li* !3,-*4. 
r 4Jfc, that my P Qplc bod btorfyxd to we, and ,1fr al 



tbtir Entmieij and turned my band Ogaiv&their 
&$dvtrf*vits. But notf our per vet fc and evil car- 
tiagcsin tb^. fight of f be Lord, have fo offended 
him, tfaattnftcid of torniog hi$ hand agtiuft them, 
thcLotdf*eds & nourifhes them u^to bca fcourgc 
to-the whole Land. 

f. .esfnotherfbingtbat I WOliUotywtit , tl# 
ftfan^t providtn ce of G od,- in lining thiHgt about 
tobtntke Indians was atthehqjocft* an d the Englifli 
tttbe lowtf- 1 wa with the Enemy eleven weeks 
and five daycs, jod not one Week parted without 
tb fury qf The Enemy, and fome defolation by fire 
Ofkt^wotd upofi one place or other. They mour 
ned ( with their black faces) for hcir own lofe 
yet triumphed and rejoyced in their inhumane, and 
many times devilifh cruelty to the gnglifh. they 
WOuW boaft much of Ihcir Victories f fayiog, 
that in two.nours time they bad deftroyed fuch, a 
CflptAW) and his Company at fuch a place ; and fach 
a Capia n and his Company jn fwch aj>lacc.a*d 
tuch a C apt ai*nd \\isCowpaty jnfocha place: 
and boaft hov* many Towns th<y 
andthenfc.ortc, aodfay, Tbcy 



t *3 J 

, to fetid them to f/eavchfofoon. Agate, 
cneyc-wodd fay, ?*^ Summer that they would 
fyncfyll tt>c l^oouts m tie fc*<fc/, or fifoVr A 
tr2>r5<, or mate t)nftt fit tht Coufiirty : kbink- 
icg furely, -4*/-%~ Tfe* bitttruefs. ofDtatb is 
$afl. Nowthe Heathen begi is to. think all isthcir 
own,& thcpoot Chdftians hopes tafaiU a5tom3 5) 
and now tbtir eyes arc more to God, andthcii 
hearts (igh heaven-ward : and to fayiogood car- 
mft, Help Lwd, Qr tr penfh: When the Lord 
had brought his people to tbisj that th:y faw no 
Help in anything but himfelf; then *e takes the 
q larreUpto his own hand: and though they bad 
made a pit, mthue,pmia niuoo% asd^pas 
hell for the Chndians tfaifSnmmer^ vet ths Lord 
hur H d them Ceivfs mro ir. And die-Lord bad aot 
fo;tnany wiyes before toprcfcrve th03*, butnow 
he ^ath as many to deftroy them. 

ffitt loretttrntgaintotnyfotHgkonv, tohtre \c 
majfce avfma, l&bltc hang e of Providence . At fii ft 
they were ail Jgainft it, expept my Ho band 
would cowrie for me; but afccrwards (fecya^nicd 
toir,and feefncdmuch to rcjoycc in ft j_ fomc- askc 
.n\o to fend rhembme Bread, others fornc Tobac 
co^ others (hiking me by the. hand, offering me a 
Hood and Scarfc to Tide in-, not one moving band 
o*rtongur;painftrt. Thus hath the Lord anfwcr- 
;e3 mf poor defirt, and.the n^tny feiraeft requtftj of 
Others-put up unto GofJfor-mr In my travels 
ap |0^.U9.camc to roc, Mitokl^mc^^ll we fe wil- 
E 



ling, he and his Sg#8> would run away, andgO 
home along with me : I told him 2^o : 1 was not 
Willing to runaway, but dcfircd to wait Gocfc 
time, thlt I might go home quietly, and without 
fear;. And now God ha tb granted me my dcfire. 
O the wonderful power of God chat / havcfeen,* 
and the experience that I have bad : I have been 
tnthtmidjl of tbofe rodnni Lyons, and Salvage 
si tkzttf tared neither God, Mr Man, nor the 
l, by tight and day, aknt andjtn company : 
ng <Al farts together, aA yet not ehtvf them 
*vtr cffatdint tfaleafl afafe ofuMbaJttty to mr t m 
jyorjor aftio*. Tboigb fome arc ttady to fay, 
J fpcafc it for my qwq credit ; Ewt Ifaettk^it in tie 
preftnceofGti, and tn his Glory. GodsPoWf.ris 
ai great auf sadasdifficicnttofavc, aswbcnbe 
pncferved D**i<l in the Lions Octv ; or the three 
Cki dren iu r he fi try Furnace. I may weU lay at 
bjs Pfal. 107. tx ObtvetbAttl(S unto ibt Lord for 
btifgosd, for his m ercyevdttretb forever. Let the 
RedemdofiheLofdfay(o, whom he hath re? 
<kion<4 (torn the hand of the Enemy, cfpeciaHy 
that 1 fliouU come away in the midft of fo many 
jhandredoJ Enemies quietly and peacably, and not 
aOogmovmgh:tooguc. So 1 took my leave 
of them, and in coming along my hcartjnelted in 
to tears, , more then all the while I wa with them . 
and! wasalmoil fwaUowed op with the tKbughtf 
that ever I (houid go home again. Ahont thcSua 
going dowrij Mr, //ft?r,endmy fclf, and the two 



Indians ckmt to La*cafier t and a fofcmn figbtil 
Was to me* Ihcic had I lived man/ comfortable 
Years amoogft my Relations aad Neighbour*, and 
now ooc one Ckrtfli&n co be fecn, cor one houfc 
left ftanding. We went on to a Farm is^ufe that 
was yet (landing, where we lay all ojght: and a 
comfortable lodging we badj though noilMcg but 
ftra w to ly on Tbc Lord prtferved us in/afcty 
thatnighi, aod raifedj up again in the morning, 
and carried <ft along, thtit before noon , we 
came to Concord. Naw was I full of joy, and yet 
not without for row : joy to fee fach a lovely fight, 
fo many Chrifltam together, and feme of them my 
Nttghbwrc: There 1 met with tnyBrather, and 
my Brother in Law, wbo asked me, if I knew 
wierc bis Wife was > Poor heart! he had helped 
<o bury her, and kicw it not; (he jbeing ibot 
down by the faouk was partly borne: fo that 
thofe who were ac &*{lon at the dcfotation of the 
Town, and cimc back afterward, and baricd the 
dead, did not know her. Yes 1 wsnot without 
fo rcow,io think how many were looking *ftd long 
ing, andmyown Children araongft the reft, to 
eotoy that deliverance that I bad now received 
and /did not know whither ever 1 mould fee theaz 
again. Being recruited with food and raiment 
we went to Bofton that day , where I met with my 
due Husband, fane the thoughts of our d*4t Chil- 
<trc n r one.beiog dead, and the other we eooid.noi 
i abated oac cwnfOct each t<? ot bt^ ^ 

Wif 



nijt before fo reach hern d in Vrith the rat relief* 
ami c rael Hsathto, butnow as mnch with pittifal, 
tendcrrWarted, and compJflWate Cbriftians. 
5 L that poor, anddeftreffed, and beggedy condi 
tion I was.rcceivf d in, I was kindly entertained ia 
ieveraN Hoafes : fo much love I received from fc- 
veial (fomeofwboiDlknew, and othenlknew 
not] that J a m not capable tadcclare it* Bet the 
Lord knows them aftby name: The Lord reward 
ttemfwnfeld intotbei* bofomt of bit fpirit*4lj, for 
tbftr ttmporalf-. I The t wwty pounds the~price 
of mf redemption was raiCcd by fooje Soften Gen* 
tlcratn, and Ms. Vfhtr^ whofe bouiuy and religi 
ous chanty,. !^ would not fo/get to make mcntjoo 
of. TiicaMr* Thomas Sbepard of Cb&lnown tc- 
ctivedasrtifobiHoa r e, where we cowinaed ele 
ven weeks; and a Fatbtr andMother they were 
to OK And many more tender-hearted FriencU we 
tocr with in that place. We were now in the 
midft of tove, ycj not without much and frequent 
heavintfs of heart fortxir poor Ghfldrco., and other 
Relations, who were fhltfa affliction** The week 
following, afur my coming in, the Governour and 
Gouncrhfettt forth to the Ivdiant aan; and chat 
not witboutfeccsfj ; for they brooghr in my $ifrcr^ 
aod Good-wife JK&t It : Their not N no wing .where 
our Children w f re^ was a fore tryaUo us ftrlly aod 
j et w were not without fecret hopes iHat wt 
(houJd fctbem again TM which was dead Jay 
heavier upoo my /pint, than tbofc 



167 1 

ave and attongft the He*tnen ; thinking ho It faf- 
fcred witb its wounds, and I was no way abl to 
relieve it; and how \t ww buried by the Heat ben 
t be Wildtneft from among all Ghriftians . We 
were harried up aaddowo hi our thoughts, fame 
to wcfhouldheuareport that they were gone 
this way, and fometimc*that; and that shcy were 
comeh, m this place or that: We kept enquir 
ing andliftniDgtobear coocerning then? > bat no 
certain news as yei. About this time the Coun. 
til had ordered a day of publick Thankf tiviog : 
though I thongbt I had ftiil caufc of mourning, and 
being anfettle* in our minds, we thought we would 
lidc toward the Eaflvard^ to fee if we could hear 
any thing concerning our Children. And as we 
were riding along [God is the wife difpofer of a!! 
.things] between Ipfaicb and Rowly we met with 
Mr. William HxfbOrJ, who told us that oar Son 
to Major Waldrtns, and ano- 



ther with him, which w^my Sifters Son. I asked 
him how he knew it? Hefaid, the Major bimfcff* 
told blmfo. So along we wwt till we came to 
Nwebwyi andcheirMinifter beingabfcnr, they 
defired my Husband to Preach tbp>T60^j giving 
for them ; but be was not willing to ftay there that 
nighr,but would go over to Salisbury* to hear far 
ther, and come again in the morning; which he 
did, and Preached there that day. At nighr, when 
he had done, one came and told him that bte- 
Daughter was come in at Pitfrtfac/:] Hcce was 

incfcy 



rn 

mercy oo botflies: , Now ..fattfe Cod fof 
prccH?as SSfptare#/h(ch was fuch a,com(ort to me 
io my d$tc& d condition, , ^#feen aw heaifc was 
c^JytoGakinto the^h Jmy^CfcUdrco bring 
geBc I coold oqt te41 &tbix}.Kd my 4sneei trem 
bled under me, -<44 I V H>-.V^M^ tboreugh tkt 
valley ojf ^ jfa<fo*,j Z?AM&: Then tfee Lord 
brooghc, dQdaowbdS fiH^lIrd.that reviving word 
^atonic: Tba$ faith the lord, Kefrttinfbywict 
^fro&wCQWgi.jnd tloin& eytt fio& f*#vr for tty 
^\$dtfk*gvtfa&9 1*idi the. Lord, and *i*j 
fa$}coittt ag*i from Jbi Land of tbe woy Now 
we were between thcrn^ tht oac on -the Eaft , aad 
tfie oihec oo the Jf^/2 : Out Sots being acaceft, we 
wvtt t.p~him firft^ ta Portfauutb, where we met 
wich him, aad with the Major atfo: who told in 
-he had doo$ what he could, but could not ccdccm 
himudcr/<-&^^w^i; wjjich the good People 
thereabout* wac pleafcd to p jy . The Lord , f e- 
.ward ttjc Major, iaod 4 alltbe reft, theugh unkoown 
tpme, for ^thejr labour of Love* My Sifters Son, 
^^.edccmcdfor/0^p0#i^, which the Council 
gaveotdecforthc payment of Hiving now re 
ceived one of 01* Cfiildrco, w hafteoed toward 
the or^^.goifg back tbiough 



which they rewardcdhim maay fold. 

Qa. 

ieardjbjt tktG 
, ^i r /or ew. Bv/ghttr, to takf 



Bt the being ocarct 
Rebofab- than ftoad-lfoiid, Ur< %&&<& went 
over, and tt>o care of her, and brought her to his 
own Houfe. Acd thejgoodocfs of God was admi 
rable torn incur low cftate, in that he railed up 
psiTiouate Friends ofi every fide to cs , when we 
had nothing to recompacce any for ttKtt love. The 
\ntha*s wetcjnow gone that way, that it was ap- 
pr eh ended dangerous to go to her : Bat the Cart* 
which carried Pro vifion ro the Eng/f/b Army, be 
ing guarded, brought her with them wD 
where we received her fafe: btefted be 
for if, for grtu < bu Power 9 andfo Uit dt 
futrletmitbbiiTjgpod. Her comiog in Va< alter 
this manner : She was travelling one d ay witb tbe 
\ndtam, with her basket at her back j iJiecornpfl* 
oy rf Indian* were got before btr,aad goptopl of 
fight, all except one Squaw; (he followed the 
5faftp (ill night , and then both of them lay dowrt , 
having nothing over them bat the hcavcnr, stxj 
under them hut the earth. Tha fhe rravellcd 
three dayes together, not : koowtpg Whither (he 
wa* going: having nothing to eat of (kink hat 
water, and green Btrtle-btrritt* At bft they came 
into Proyidcnci, where (he was kindly eateram" 
td by feveraf of rhatTotPW. Thelwi^<jffea 
bid, chat I . fhould never hare her under ****? 
Bat now the Lord hath bcoogbt her in u- 
a.ad give a net to me the Second 

time 



time* Thetord nuke as ablctting indeed, each 

ffcothwfe Now have I feen thatScripmrcalfo 

fulfilled, 3)tuL 30: 4,7. If &Wf of thine be dnwn 

eUSiotbtoulfroftpaYtscfbea-um, from fW* j)f 

tbeLordtif Godgttfjet tbee t and from thence w ti 

be fetch tbce t And tbn Lord thy god mil put ail 

thsfe tnfts upon thing e*tm*t t 0*4. on tbtm which 

bate flbe, wbteb pcrfecuttd thtc, Thus hath the 

Lord brought me and mir\t out qf that horrible pit, 

and hath f us in the midft of tttidcr-htarted and 

compaiTioaateChriftiam. It is the defircofray 

foul, that we may walk worthy of the mercies rei- 

ved, and wbicb we ate receiving. 

Our Family being VHW gathered rogtther (tboje 
of UA that were Hung ) the South Church i-n Bofton 
fcircdan Houfifor ut : Thin ?c r (moved fromM 
Shcpard?, thofe cordial Friendt^nd went fo 
vyhtrt we contmUfd about ihrte <p alters of a 
StJltke Lord \j^t along withus, andpvotnd 
ciaujljfwia. I thought it fomewhar ftrangc to 
fetopHoufe keeping with bare v/alls j bui asSo- 
rowowfaycs, Many anfoeis ail thing* j and that 
we had through the benevolence of Chriftian- 
Metsds, fomcjnthisT tfBfw, and fome in that, and 
others: And fomt from E^/flwrf, that in a tittle 
time we might look, and feethe Houfc furniflled 
with JoVc. The Lord hath been excedirtgfcO*<l 
lOtAsinourtoweftdte, in that when <we had n?ither 
houfc nor home, oor other necefTaHcs-, the lord 

fo moved the hearts of thefcand tno/e rowardi , 

that 



1 7Tl 

ihat we wanted neither food, cor raiment for 00* 
(civet or ours, PrOv.iS. ^^. 7hm uttfrUnj 

nhtcb ftic^b cloftr than a Brother. Add hew manrf 
(ocb Friends have we found, ana now Uviog a- 
ntfagft? And truly fucb a Friend have we found 
him to be unto u^ inwhofehoufc we lived, vt& 
Mr\ JWj wbucomty aFrtead unto us near hand, 
BDtlaforoff. 

Jean remember tfo rim* , wj&fl /^ <oy2rrp ? */ 
rt^ without vrQrtyhgtiHMjtbotybtSi wbohntfas 
lojetjbffr, but nova insotkrwajtfWibtHe. Wbea 
flllarcfaft about me, and no eye open, but- hi 
who ever wakrth, my thoughts are upon things 
pftft, upon the awful! difpenfation of the Lord to 
wards us ; upon his wonderful) po veer end might, 
in carrying of us through fo inaoy difficulties, io 
((turning us in fafcty, and fuffering none to hutB 
us. 1 remember in the night fcaf on, how the o- 
ther day I was in the midft of thousands of enc* 
IRJCS, & nothing but death before me : 1 1 ^06 then 
hard work to per f wade my felf, thatever I (hould 
be fatisfied with bread again, But now we are 
fed with the fineft of the Wheat,and, at 1 may fay, 
With honey out of the rco$\ la ftead of the Husk, 
vc have the fatted Calf: The thoughts of thefe 
things in the particulars of them, and of the love 
andgoodnsfs of God towards us, make it true of 
me, what DavUfaidof himfelf, *P/fll. 6 ^ I w< ^ 
my Gaucb with my tstn. Oh ! the woa 

tto, af? 

fording 



fording matter enough for my thoughts to run 
in, that when others are fleeping mine eyes arg 

1 lavefft $>* cxmvt vanity of this WorU : One 
hour I have been in health, and wealth, wanting 
nothing: But the next hour in ficknefs and 
tyouftJS) and death, having nothing but (orrow 

aad affliction. 

Befoftlkptwwbttofftiflionvntan, I was rw 
dyfowtmcs to wilhfor tt. When 1 lived in prof- 
perky; ha?tngrhc comforts of the Wonld about 
me. myrclationfibymc, my Heart chcarfull: and 
taking Hide care for any thing ; and yet feeing 
many, wfeom I preferred before my fclf, under ma 
ny try aJs and affliftions, in ficknefs, wcakocfs, 
poverty, loffcs, crofTcs, and cares of the World, 
I fhouW be fometimes jealous Waft I fliould have 
my portion in this life, and that Sjnptuie would 
come to my mind, H<b.i2.6. For whom tbt Lord 
l*Vthtxka8<*<tk, andfcourgtlbwtry Son whom 
herectwth. But now i fee the Lord had his time 
cofeourge and cbatlen me. The portion offome 
istohaveiheiraffliftionsby drops, now one drop 
and then soother; boi the dregs of the Cup, the 
Wmeofaftonifliment: hkc a fweepiog ram that 
Icavethnofood, did the Lord prepare to be my 
portion AfBi^ion 1 wanted, and affliction I 
had, (alVzneafure (Ithought) preffeddftwnand 

tuomog-om; ^ lftc * wfltfi God , 
Cento any shing, 



T 731 

culties, yet he is fully able to carry iheevj througl. 
and make them fee, and fay they have been gamers 
theteby. And I hope I can fay in forae mcafure, 
As David did, It h&oodformc that 1 k&vt bte n a f- 
flifltd. The Lord hath mewed me the vanity of 
thcfe outward tbicgi. That they are the Vanity 
tfvanitie/t and vexation of \ptrtt \ that Chcyarc 
but a Ihadow, abraft, a bubble, and things of no 
continuance. That we muft rely on God himfclf, 
ind out whole depcndancc mud be upon him. If 
trouble from /inailar matters begin to atife in me, 
lhavc fomethtng at band to check my (elf with, 
andfay, why am I troubled? It was but the other 
da^Uhat if / had bad the world,! would hare given 
itformy frccdom> or to have been a Servant co a 
Chriftiao. I have learned to look beyond prefent 
and fmallcr troubles, and to be quieted under them, 

d, xod. 1 4. 1 3 . Stand fall and ftt 

of the Lord. 



Fl 



Notes to the Narrative 



[75] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 



BIOGRAPHY 

MARY (WHITE) ROWLANDSON was the 
daughter of John and Joane White, who ap 
peared in Salem as early as 1638, and moved 
from their Wenham lands to Lancafter in 1653. John 
White was the wealthieft of the original proprietors of 
Lancafter, his eftate being recorded as ^380 6s. id. As 
the pound fterling in 1653 probably had a purchafing 
power five or fix times as great as at the prefent day, this 
was equivalent to about twenty thoufand dollars of our 
money. His wife, Joane, died in 1654. He furvived 
until 1673. His children, all of whom married, were 
Thomas, Joane, Elizabeth, Mary, Jofiah, Sarah, and 
Hannah. Mary, the authorefs, was doubtlefs born in 
England. She married Reverend Jofeph Rowlandfon in 
1656. The dates and places of her birth, her marriage, 
and her death are not found recorded. She had four chil 
dren, born in Lancafter: Mary, 1657, nm. 15^, died 
1660; Jofeph, 1661, ym. id., died 1713 in Wethersfield, 
having a son Wilfon ; Mary, 1665, 6m. i2d., married 
Jonathan Blodget, of Salisbury; Sarah, 1669, September 
15, died of wound while a captive at Menamefet, now 
New Braintree, February 29, 1675/6. 

[77] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 



THE DESTRUCTION OF LANCASTER 

A brief outline of the tragedy in the Nafhaway Valley, 
February 10, 1675/6, fupplying fome details not given by 
Mrs. Rowlandfon, is needful to a full underftanding of 
her ftory. 

The heroic warrior, Quanapaug, alias James Wifer, a 
Chriftian convert of the Nafhaway tribe, employed as a 
fcout by Governor Leverett, on January 24, 1675/6, 
brought timely notice from information which he had 
received from his friend, Monoco, a Nafhaway fachem, that 
the hoftile Indians aflembled near Quabaug would fall 
upon the Englifh fettlements in twenty days, and that they 
would firft aflault Lancafter, then a frontier town of about 
fifty families, organized into five or fix garrifons. The 
lethargic colonial authorities failed to recognize the impor 
tance of this warning. But Job Kattenanit, of Natick, 
another daring fcout, dragged himfelf to Major Daniel 
Gookin s door in Cambridge a little before midnight on 
February ninth, exhaufted with his eighty-mile journey 
through the wildernefs upon fnow-fhoes from Menamefet, 
bringing complete confirmation of Quanapaug s report. 
The confederate tribes were on the warpath, and the blow 
was to fall on the morrow. Major Gookin hurriedly de- 
fpatched a meflenger to Concord and Marlborough, order 
ing the military companies there to the afliftance of 
Lancafter. At Marlborough Captain Samuel Wadfworth 
was pofted with about forty men. Upon receipt of the 
meflage at daybreak he haftened with his command to the 

[78] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

already beleaguered town about ten miles diftant, and, by 
good fortune evading an ambufcade, fought his way to the 
garrifon houfe of Cyprian Stevens, which was near and in 

fight of the Rowlandfon home, but acrofs the river. 

5 

Rumors of the threatening tempeft of favage wrath had 
ftirred the quietude of the Nafhaway Valley, and the min- 
ifler, Jofeph Rowlandfon, with the chief military officer 
of the town, Lieutenant Henry Kerley, and other leading 
citizens had gone to the Bay to beg help from the apathetic 
council. There were probably fourteen or more foldiers 
from the lower towns detailed among the various Lan- 
cafler garrifons. Wadfworth s force was infufficient for 
aggreffive ta<5tics, and his arrival too late to affift thofe 
in the minifter s garrifon. At John Prefcott s, Richard 
Wheeler s, Thomas Sawyer s, and Nathaniel Joflin s, as 
well as Cyprian Stevens palifaded houfes the defence was 
fuccefsful, and the Indians, knowing that a mounted force 
of eighty men from Concord and other reenforcements 
were approaching, retired to the hills with rich fpoils 
gathered from abandoned farms and twenty-four captives ; 
where they were fafe from any force the Englifti could 
bring againft them. In a fingle day a fair fcene of rural 
induflry and content had become more defolate than 
the rude wildernefs from which it had been laborioufly 
conquered. 

The furvivors under the protection of the foldiers 
buried their mangled dead, and fuch as had no relatives in 
the Bay towns able to receive them were gathered into the 
well-fortified garrifon of Thomas Sawyer in the fouth 
village and that of Cyprian Stevens near the North River 

[79] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

bridge. Their petition fent to the colonial authorities con 
tinues the pitiful tale. It is in the handwriting of Stevens, 
and prefer ved in Mafiachufetts Archives, LXVIII. 156. 

To the Hone rd Gournor and Counfell 

The humble petition of the poor deftrefled people of Lancafter, 
humbley ftieweth, that fence the enemy mad fuch fad & difmall 
hauocke amongft our deare ffreinds & Bretheren, & we that are left 
who haue our Liues for a prey fadly fencable of Gods Judgm" up 
on us, this with the deftrefle we are now in dus embolden us to 
prefent our humble Requefts to yo r Honors, hoping our Con- 
difions may be confidered by you & our Requefts find except- 
ance with you, our ftat is very deplorable, in our Incapafity to 
fubfift, as to Remoue away we can not, the enemy has fo Incom- 
pafed us, otherwife for want of help our catle being the moft of 
them caried away by the barberoufs heathen, & to ftay difmabled 
for want of food, the Towns people are Genrally gon who felt the 
Judgm 1 but light, & had theyr catle left them with theyr eftats, but 
we many of us heare in this prifon, haue not bread to laft us on 
mongth & our other provifion fpent & gon, for the genrallyty, our 
Town is drawn into two Garifons wherein are by the Good favours 
of yo r Hon" eighteen foulders, which we gladly mayntayn foe long 
as any thing lafts, & if yo r Honors fhould call them of, we are fear- 
taynly a bayt for the enemy if God do not wonderfully prevent, 
therefore we hop as God has mad you fathers ouer us fo you will 
haue a fathers pitty to us & extend your care ouer us who are 
yo r poor deftrefled fubje&s. We are forrowful to Leaue the place, 
but hoplefle to keep it unlefle mayntayned by the Cuntrey, it 
troubles our fperits to giue any Incuridgm 1 to the enemy, or leaue 
any thing for them to promot their wicked defigne, yet better faue 
our Liues then lofe Life & Eftat both, we are in danger emenent, 
the enemy leying Aboue us, nay on both fids of us, as dus play- 
ingly Apeare. our womens cris dus dayly Increafe beand 

[80] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

exprefion which dus not only fill our ears but our hearts full of 
Greefe, which makes us humbly Requeft yo r Hon" to fend a Gard 
of men & that if you pleafe fo comand we may haue Carts About 
fourteen will Remoue the whool eight of which has been prefed 
long at Sudburry but nevr came for want of a fmall gard of men, 
the whooll that is, all that are in the on Garifon, Kept in Major 
Willards houfe, which is all from yo r Hon" moft humble fervants 
& fuplyants. JACOB FARRAR 

Lancaft r March n th . i6|| JOHN HOUGHTON Sen r 

JOHN MOORE 
JOHN WHITTCOMB 
JOB WHITTCOMB 
JONATHAN WHITTCOMB 
JOHN HOUGHTON Jun r 
CYPRIAN STEEVENS 

The other on Garifon are in the like deftrefle & foe humbley 
defire yo r like pitty & ffatherly car, haueing widows & many ffather- 
lefTe chilldren. the Numb r of Carts to Carey away this garifon is 
twenty Carts. 

Yo r Hon" Humble Pettifioners. 

JOHN PRESCOTT Sen r 
THO. SAWYER Sen r 
THO SAWYER Jun r 
JONATHAN PRESCOTT 
THO WILLDER 
JOHN WILLDER 
SARAH WHEELER wid 
WIDOW FARBANKS 
JOHN RIGBY 
NATHANIELL WILDER 
JOHN ROOFER 
WIDOW ROOFER 



[81] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

On March 26 troopers and carts fent for the purpofe 
by Major Simon Willard removed the people and their 
chattels to Concord, and the wolves and favages refumed 
their fovereignty along the Naftiua. The Lancafter fami 
lies in their banifhment were fcattered far and wide wher 
ever they could find friendly flicker. By various local 
records of births and deaths among them between 1676 
and 1680, when many of them returned to their dearly- 
bought lands in the valley, we know that the Prefcotts, 
Ruggs, Hudfons and fome of the Sawyers were at Con 
cord; the Wilders, Willards, Houghtons, Waters and 
Ropers, in Charleflown ; the Farrars, at Woburn ; the 
Whitcombs, at Scituate; the Lewifes, Bemans, Rogers, 
Sumners and Athertons, at Dorchefler. The Rowlandfons 
removed from Boflon to Wethersfield, Connecticut, in the 
fpring of 1677. 

NARRATIVE OF CAPTIVITY 

Page i. "February io y 1675/6" (February 20, 1676, 
New Style), fell upon Thurfday. 

" There were five perfons," etc. This was the family of 
John Ball, the tailor. His home was on the flope of the 
George Hill range, but cannot be exa6lly located. 

Page 2. " Three others belonging to the fame Garrifon" 
This was the garrifon of Richard Wheeler, probably on 
the fouthern flope of George Hill and certainly in South 
Lancafter, not on Wataquadock as Jofeph Willard and 
Reverend A. P. Marvin fuppofed. 

" The Houfe flood upon the edge of a Hill" The min- 

[82] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

ifter s dwelling was dire6tly weft of the northweft corner 
of the Middle Cemetery and two or three rods down the 
flope from the prefent highway. The meeting-houfe flood 
upon the higheft ground in the cemetery. 

Page 3. "My brother in law." Enfign John Divoll 
commanded the garrifon on the day of the maffacre, 
Lieutenant Henry Kerley being abfent as before told. 
Divoll s wife was Hannah, Mrs. Rowlandfon s youngeft 
fitter. 

Page 3. "My elder Jifter s children." Elizabeth was 
the wife of Henry Kerley. Her children were : Henry, 
born 1657; William, 1659; Elizabeth, i66i(?); Hannah, 
1663; Mary, 1666; Jofeph, 1669; Martha, 1672. 

Page 4. " Of thirty-feven perfons" etc. The contem 
porary hiftorian, William Hubbard, gives forty-two as the 
number in the Rowlandfon garrifon. Daniel Gookin fays 
"about forty." Other contemporary accounts, the moft 
noteworthy of which is " News from New England," 
London, 1676, give the total cafualties as fifty-five. Mrs. 
Rowlandfon may not have taken into account the foldiers 
from other places affigned to the garrifons who doubtlefs 
fuffered lofs. According to Treafurer Hull s accounts 
there were fourteen foldiers ferving in the town on 
January 25. 

The following is a lift of victims known : 

Killed in Rowlandfon Garrifon 
Enfign John Divoll 
Jofiah Divoll, fon of John, aged 7 
Daniel Gains 
Abraham Joflin, aged 26 

[83] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

John MacLoud 

Thomas Rowlandfon, nephew of the minifter, aged 19 

Mrs Elizabeth Kerley, wife of Lieutenant Henry 

William Kerley, fon of Lieutenant Henry, aged 17 

Jofeph Kerley, do. aged 7 

Mrs Prifcilla Roper, wife of Ephraim. 

Prifcilla Roper, child of Ephraim, aged 3. 

II 

Carried Captive from Rowlandfon Garrifon 

Mrs Mary Rowlandfon, wife of the minifter, ranfomed 
Mary Rowlandfon, daughter of the minifter, aged 10, ranfomed 
Sarah Rowlandfon, do., aged 6, wounded and died Feb 18 

Jofeph Rowlandfon, fon of the minifter, aged 13, ranfomed 
Mrs Hannah Divoll, wife of Enfign John, ranfomed 
John Divoll, fon of Enfign John, aged 12, died captive? 
William Divoll, do., aged 4, ranfomed 

Hannah Divoll, daughter of do., aged 9, died captive ? 
Mrs Ann Joflin, wife of Abraham, killed in captivity 
Beatrice Joflin, daughter of Abraham, do 
Jofeph Joflin, brother of Abraham, aged 16. 
Henry Kerley, fon of Lieutenant Henry, aged 18 
Elizabeth Kerley, daughter of do., aged 15 ? 

Hannah Kerley, do., aged 13 

Mary Kerley, do., aged 10 

Martha Kerley, do., aged 4 

Mrs Elizabeth Kettle, wife of John, ranfomed 
Sarah Kettle, daughter of John, aged 15, efcaped 
Jonathan Kettle, fon of John, aged 5 

A child Kettle, daughter of John 20, 

Ephraim Roper alone efcaped during the aflault 



i 



32 

[84] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

Reverend Timothy Harrington in his " Century Ser 
mon," I753> includes John Kettle and two fons among 
the flain, and this has been fo generally accepted as hiftori- 
cal that an infcription on a memorial ere6led by the town 
of Stow in 1883 endorfes it. It is now quite certainly 
afcertained that Mr. Harrington was mifinfbrmed, and 
that the three Kettles in fome way efcaped and were living 
feveral years later. If there were thirty-feven in the houfe, 
five remain unaccounted for; if forty-two, ten. Jofeph 
Willard found fome reafon for afTerting that five foldiers 
were killed here. 

Killed outfide of Rovulandfon Garrifon, being all of South Lancafter 
John Ball 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ball, wife of John 
An infant child of John Ball 
Jonas Fairbank 

Joftiua Fairbank, fon of Jonas, aged 15 
Ephraim Sawyer, aged 26, killed at Prefcott s garrifon 
Henry Farrar 
Richard Wheeler 
A man mentioned by Mrs. Rowlandfon, but not named 9 

Captives 
Two of John Ball s family, names unknown. 2 

ii 

If the total cafualties numbered fifty-five, twelve are 
miffing; and thefe lifts give but twenty-two of the twenty- 
four captives. A foldier from Watertown was killed near 
Prefcott s mill a few days later, and John Roper was flain 
on the day the town was finally abandoned. 

[85] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

THE FIRST REMOVE. Thurfday night, February 10, 
1675/6. 

Page 6. " Upon a hill within Jtght of the town. 1 This 
camp was upon George Hill, the higheft elevation in 
Lancafter, fo named by the firfl planters probably becaufe 
George Adams as early as 1645 had his home lot of 
twenty acres upon it adjoining the fite of Symonds and 
King s trucking houfe. Upon the fummit is a huge 
granite boulder, rent in twain and half buried, which time- 
hallowed tradition has honored as the refting place of the 
captive the night after the fack of the town. The "vacant 
houfe " was that originally occupied by John Prefcott, 
built on the trucking-houfe fite. Its location is now cov 
ered by the Maplehurft ftables. Many curious ftatements 
concerning Mrs. Rowlandfon s Removes have been printed 
by local hiftorians, and continue to miflead readers. Some 
of thefe go to prove that their authors never faw any of 
the numerous editions of the Narrative. Thus Rufus C. 
Torrey in his tc Hiftory of the Town of Fitchburg," 1836, 
fays : " From her account it appears that fhe fpent the 
firft night of her captivity on a fmall ifland in a river. 
This is fuppofed to be in Leominfter. . . . The fecond 
night fhe paffed upon a high hill. . . . There is good 
foundation for the conjecture that fhe paffed the fecond 
night on Rollftone hill." Later annalifts of like latitude 
have repeated this falfification, and one has even ingenioufly 
improved upon it by claiming that Rollftone is a corrup 
tion of the original name Rowlandfon, and commemorates 
the night s encampment. 

Page 7. " Thofe feven that were killed" etc. Thefe 

[86] 




^^wrv^-r 



Rowlandfon Rock, fummit of George Hill, looking Eaft 
upon Lancailer. 



[87] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

victims of Auguft 22, 1675, were George Bennett, Jacob 
Farrar, Jr., Jofeph Wheeler, William Flagg, and Mordecai 
McLoud with his wife Lydia (Lewis) and two young chil 
dren. Flagg was a foldier belonging to Watertown. The 
leader of the bloodthirfty horde guilty of thefe murders was 
Monoco, alias Apequinafh, alias One-eyed John, a Nafha- 
way, one of the moft cunning and mercilefs of the Indian 
chieftains known to New England hiftory. He was the 
prominent figure in the tragedies at Brookfield, Medfield, 
and Groton, and made the boaft that he would carry de- 
vaftation town by town to the Bay. He finally furrendered 
at Cocheco, perhaps under fome unofficial promife of quar 
ter, and was hung at the town s end, Bofton, September 26, 
1676. It is ufelefs to conjecture what purpofe the favages 
had in deceiving Mrs. Rowlandfon with the falfe ftatement 
that Monoco s band was compofed of Chriftian Indians. 
Daniel Gookin has recorded the fact that he was accom 
panied by twenty of Philip s warriors, Wampanoags. The 
"praying Indians" arrefled by the brutal Captain Mofeley 
under fufpicion and taken to Bofton for trial, although the 
popular feeling againft them was intenfely aroufed, were 
eafily able to prove an alibi. 

SECOND REMOVE. Friday, February n. The fecond 
night s encampment was upon the Indian trail, and prob 
ably in the weftern part of Princeton. This trail ran a 
little fouth of Wachufett to the Indian villages on the 
Menamefet (now Ware) River, where it branched to 
the north and fouth towards the tribal headquarters of the 
Pocumtucks and the Quabaugs. 

THIRD REMOVE. Saturday, February 12, to Sunday, 

[89] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

February 27. " Wenimeffet" Menamefet, or Memini- 
miflet, was a fwamp flronghold of the Quabaugs in the 
extreme northern angle of the town of New Braintree. 

Page 9. " Robert Pepper." Captain Richard Beers of 
Watertown and thirty-fix men, while on their way to re- 
enforce the Northfield garrifon, were waylaid by a party of 
over a hundred warriors led by Sagamore Sam, September 
3, 1675, two m il es fouth of their deftination, when the 
leader and nineteen foldiers were (lain. Pepper was cap 
tured ; the reft efcaped. This captive s ftatement refpe<5l- 
ing Philip is very important, and feems to have been 
overlooked by many hiftorians. It muft be accepted when 
affociated with other contemporary records as a complete 
confutation of the tradition that Philip led the affault upon 
Lancafter. William Hubbard gives no authority for this 
tradition, and the report of the Indian fcout, Quanapaug, 
January 24, 1675/6, tells us that Philip and his forces 
were in winter quarters " half a day s journey north of 
Fort Albany." A letter to London dated February 8, 
1675/6, ftates the fame fact, and Samuel G. Drake locates 
his encampment at " Scattacook, about twenty miles north 
of Albany." In " Documents relative to the Colonial 
Hiftory of New York," III. 255, and in " Connecticut 
Colonial Records," II. 397 and 406, the correfpondence 
of Sir Edmund Andros, Governor of New York, confirms 
thefe accounts and relates the ftory of Philip s unfuccefsful 
fight with the Mohawks early in February. The perfiftent 
myth prefuming his prefence in the attacks upon Lancafter 
and other towns perhaps had its origin in the unhiftoric 
relation of Reverend Timothy Harrington in his " Cen- 

[90] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

tury Sermon," 1753 : " . . . But Philip with the reft con- 
fefled by themfelves after the peace to be 1500, marched 
for Lancafter in which there were then about fifty families. 
And on the loth of February 1676, aflaulted in five 
diflinct bodies and places." The Lancafler hiftorians, 
Jofeph Willard, Ifaac Goodwin, and Reverend Abijah P. 
Marvin accepted this ftory without queflion. Reverend 
Peter Whitney, John W. Barber, John Langdon Sibley, 
and more recently even John Fifke (" Dutch and Quaker 
Colonies in America," II. 60) have perpetuated the error. 
Philip could not have been within one hundred miles of 
Lancafler on the day of the aflault. Muttaump alias 
Maliompe, fachem of the Quabaugs, was the fenior chief 
tain prefent, and Sagamore Sam alias Shofhanim and Mo- 
noco alias One-eyed John of the Nafhaways, Matoonas 
of the Nipmucks, and Quanopin of the Narraganfets, were 
his lieutenants. They led in all about four hundred 
warriors. Samuel Sewall, in his "Diary," I. 22, lays 
Maliompe was the " General at Lancafler." 

Page 12. "There I left that child." Defpite this cir- 
cumflantial account of the burial of her child, Sarah, upon 
the hill at Menamefet, a recent adventurer in hiftoric 
difquifition has printed the following : " The murder of 
Mrs. Rowlandfon s daughter Grace by the Indians is faid 
to have given her name to Mount Grace in Warwick." 
A fimilar mifflatement is to be found in the "New Eng 
land Hand Book." 

Page 13. " Medfield" This town, lefs than twenty 
miles from Boflon, was attacked February 21, when fifty 
houfes were burned and eighteen perfons (lain. 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

THE FOURTH REMOVE. Monday, February 28, to 
Friday, March 3. This camp was probably within the 
limits of Peterlham, about half-way between the Ware 
and Miller s rivers, and near the Indian village of Niche- 
waug. 

THE FIFTH REMOVE. Friday, March 3, to March 5. 
The croffing over the Baquag, or Miller s, river was in 
Orange, near the Athol line. The " Englifh army " in 
purfuit was a troop of mounted men and three infantry 
companies from the Bay towns, with a fimilar force from 
Connecticut, all under command of Major Thomas Savage. 
They reached Quabaug March 2, and, had they not been 
detained by Indian wiles, the cavalry fhould have over 
taken the retreating mob of favages before they effected 
their croffing of the fwollen ftream. 

THE SIXTH REMOVE. Monday, March 6. This night s 
bivouac was betide the great Northfield Swamp on the 
trail between Nichewaug and Squakeag. 

THE SEVENTH REMOVE. Tuefday, March 7. This night s 
camp was at Squakeag near Beers Plain in Northfield. 

THE EIGHTH REMOVE. Wednefday, March 8. This 
encampment, on the weft fide of the Connecticut river, 
was at Coaflet in South Vernon, Vermont. Here Mrs. 
Rowlandfon, evidently for the firft time, met Philip, who 
had recently reached the valley returning from his winter 
quarters on the Hudfon, whither he went with, as Governor 
Andros eftimated, about a thoufand warriors, for the pur- 
pofe of buying powder and fhot of the Dutch, and in the 
hope of enticing the Mohawks or Canadian Indians into 
an alliance againft the Mafiachufetts Colonifts. At Coaffet 

[92] 



there congregated all the hoflile tribes, an afiemblage num 
bering perhaps two thoufand fighting men. 

Page 26. "Northampton" The affault here mentioned 
was on March 14, and the town having been recently pali- 
faded the enemy was repulfed, fix of the inhabitants being 
(lain and three or four houfes burned. 

THE NINTH REMOVE. March . This encampment 
was in the Afhuelot Valley, New Hampfhire. 

Page 27. " Naananto" The King of the Narraganfets, 
better known as Canonchet the fon of Miantonimo, was 
not captured until April 2. He was feared by the Englifh 
hardly lefs than Philip ; and with better reafon, for he was 
the brains of the favage confederation, the influence and 
prowefs of Philip being much overeftimated in hiftory. 
Canonchet with a party of about feventy-five, including 
thirty warriors, vifited the Narraganfet country to fecure 
a ftore of feed corn from fecret granaries near Seekonk 
belonging to his people. The corn was obtained and fome 
of it reached the Squakeag encampment, but Canonchet 
with a fmall efcort was furprifed and captured by a fcouting 
party of Mohegans, Pequots, and Englifh under Oneko 
and Captain George Denifon. Canonchet was fhot the 
next day at Stonington, and from that time the alliance of 
the hoftile tribes began to lofe coherence. 

THE TENTH REMOVE. March to April . Camps 
in the Afhuelot Valley. 

THE ELEVENTH REMOVE. April . This remove took 
the captive to the northernmofl point reached by her. The 
encampment was near the Connecticut River in Chefler- 
field, New Hampfhire, or perhaps in Weftmoreland. Mrs. 

[93] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

Rowlandfon s words give no warrant for the claim of 
certain local hiftorians that (lie was taken as far north as 
Charlefton, which is about forty miles above Coafiet, now 
South Vernon. A "day s journey" for an Indian band 
including women and children, travelling fingle file through 
the wildernefs with all their belongings, was rarely much 
over ten miles, as their itinerary proves. 

THE TWELFTH REMOVE. Sunday, April 9. This camp 
was in the fame neighborhood as the laft. 

THE THIRTEENTH REMOVE. April . This fortnight s 
encampment was probably in the fouth part of Hinfdale, 
New Hampfhire, near the river. 

Page 35. " Came yelping from Hadley" This was the 
return of a fcouting party which killed three carelefs citi 
zens at Hockanum, and captured Read, who efcaped May 
15. John Gilbert was a youth of feventeen years captured 
about March i. 

THE FOURTEENTH REMOVE. April . This move was 
probably about April 20. When the news of Canonchet s 
death reached the Indians they became thoroughly dif- 
heartened. They were without ammunition, decimated by 
difeafe, and threatened with ftarvation. The weftern In 
dians put no truft in Philip s capacity or courage, revolted 
from his command, and even threatened to fend his head 
to Bofton. The Nafliaways and Quabaugs left for Wachu- 
fett about April 10, and Philip and Quanopin went with 
them. Their fquaws and children remained awhile in the 
neighborhood of the Connecticut, living precarioufly upon 
wild roots and game. 

[94] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

THE FIFTEENTH REMOVE. April . Camp on Miller s 
River at the crofling in Orange near the Athol line. 

THE SIXTEENTH REMOVE. April . Camp about one 
mile fouth of Miller s river near the Orange and Athol line. 

THE SEVENTEENTH REMOVE. April . Camp prob 
ably at the Indian village of Nichewaug in Peterfham. 

THE EIGHTEENTH REMOVE. April . Camp at an 
Indian village near Menamefet, probably on Barre Plains. 

THE NINETEENTH REMOVE. April . Camp on the 
weftern fide of Wachufett, probably in Princeton. 

Page 47. " My mafter had three fquaws" Quanopin 
or Quinnapin, Mrs. Rowlandfon s purchafer, was a Narra- 
ganfet and the grandnephew of Canonicus. His oldeft 
fquaw was Onux; his fecond, whom Mrs. Rowlandfon 
ferved as maid, was Weetamoo, alias Namumpum, Queen 
of Pocaflet and fifter-in-law of Philip; being the fifter of 
his wife and alfo the widow of his brother Alexander, alias 
Wamfutta. Quanopin was her third hufband. She was 
drowned in attempting to fwim acrofs the river or arm of 
the fea at Mattapoifett to efcape capture. Quanopin was 
captured, tried at Newport, and fhot Auguft 25, 1676. 

Page 48. " Then came Tom and Peter." Tom Dublet, 
alias Nepanet, and Peter Conway, alias Tatatiquinea, were 
Chriftian Indians of Nafhobah, who, upon repeated peti 
tions from Mr. Rowlandfon and other clergymen to the 
council, were perfuaded to ferve as meffengers to the hoflile 
fachems, feeking the terms upon which they would releafe 
the captives. Dublet s firft vifit to them, which he made 
alone, was on April j, when he bore the following letter, 
which is found copied in Mafiachufetts Records : 

[95] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

For the Indian Sagamores & people that are in warre againft 
us. Intelligence is come to us that you have fome Englifh, efpe- 
cially women and children in Captivity among you. We have 
therefore fent the meffenger offering to redeem them either for pay 
ment in goods or wampum or by exchange of prifoners. We defire 
your anfwer by this our meffenger what price you demand for every 
man woman and child, or if you will exchange for Indians. If you 
have any among you that can write your anfwer to this our meffage, 
we defire it in writing ; and to that end have fent, paper pen and 
incke by the meflenger. If you lett our meffenger have free 
acceffe to you, freedome of a fafe returne, we are willing to doe the 
like by any meffenger of yours, provided he come unarmed, and 
carry a white flag upon a ftaffe, vifible to be feene, which we take 
as a flag of truce, and is ufed by civilized nations in time of warre, 
when any meffengers are fent in a way of treaty, which we have 
done by our meffenger. In teftimony whereof I have fet my hand 
& feal. 

JOHN LEVERETT Gov r 

Bofton 31 March 1676. Faffed by the Council 

EDWARD RAWSON Secy 

To this he brought back on April 12 this reply: 

We now giue anfwer by this one man, but if you like my 
anfwer fend one more man befides this one Tom Nepanet, and fend 
with all true heart and with all your mind by two men, becaufe you 
know and we know your heart great forrowful with crying for your 
loft many many hundred men and all your houfe and all your land, 
and woman, child and cattle, as all your thing that you have loft and 
on your backfide ftand. 

SAM Sachem 

KUTQUEN and PETER JETHRO 

QUANOHIT Sagamore Scribe 

[96] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

Mr Rowlandfon, your wife and all your child is well but one 
dye, your fifter is well and her 3 child. John Kettel your wife 
and all your child is all well, and all them prifoners taken at 
Nafhua is all well. 

Mr. Rolandfon fe your louing Sifter his hand Q Hanah 

And old Kettel wif his hand J 

Brother Rowlandfon, pray fend thre pounds of Tobacco for me 
if you can, my louing hufband pray fend thre pound of tobacco for 

me. 

This writing by your enemies 

SAMUEL USKATTUHGUN and 
GUNRASHIT. two Indian Sagamores 

This letter is printed in S. G. Drake s " Biography and 
Hiftory of the Indians of North America." The original 
has not been difcovered. 

On his fecond vifit Dublet was accompanied by Peter, 
bearing a letter from the Council, of which no copy is 
known to be extant. They brought back on April 27 a 
reply from the chiefs, written by James Printer, an Indian 
who had ferved fixteen years apprenticefhip in Samuel 
Green s printing office at Cambridge. The original is in 
the " Hutchinfon Papers, II. 282. 

For the Governor and the Council at Bofton 

The Indians, Tom Nepennomp and Peter Tatatiqunea hath 
brought us letter from you about the Englifh Captives, efpecially for 
Mrs Rolanfon ; the anfwer is I am forrow that I haue don much 
wrong to you and yet I fay the fake is lay upon you, for when we 
began quarel at firft with Plimouth men I did not think that you 
mould haue fo much truble as now is : therefore I am willing to 
hear your defire about the Captives. Therefore we defire you to 
fent Mr Rolanfon and goodman Kettel : (for their wives) and thefe 

[97] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

Indians Tom and Peter to redeem their wives, they fhall come and 
goe very fafely : Whereupon we afk Mrs Rolanfon, how much 
your hufband willing to giue for you (he gaue an anfwer 20 pound 
in goodes but John Kittels wife could not till, and the reft captives 
may be fpoken of hereafter. 

In Maffachufetts Archives, XXX. 201, is the Council s 
refponfe : 
To the Indian Sachems about Wachufets. 

We receiued your letter by Tom and Peter, which doth not 
anfwer ours to you : neither is fubfcribed by the fachems nor hath it 
any date, which we know your fcribe James Printer doth well 
underftand mould be. wee haue fent the s d Tom & Peter againe 
to you expecting you will fpeedily by them giue us a plaine & diredt 
anfwer to our laft letter, and if you haue anything more to pro 
pound to us wee defire to haue it from you under your hands, by 
thefe our meflengers, and you fhall haue a fpeedy anfwer. Dated 
the 28 th , April, 1676. 

Mr. Hoar accompanied Dublet upon this his third 
journey to Wachufett, carrying the ranfom for Mrs. Row- 
landfon in money and goods raifed by feveral Bofton 
gentlemen, and happily effected her releafe. On Monday, 
May 7 Dublet with Seth Perry was again fent to the 
fachems by the Council with this letter, which is found 
copied in Maffachufetts Records. The miffive of the 
Indians to which it is a reply has not been difcovered. 

Thefe for the saggamores about Watchufets, Phillip, John, Sam, Wajha- 
ken, Old Queen & Pomhom. 

Wee received your letter by John Hoare, who went vp to yow 
w th the meffengers, Tom & Peeter, being fent to yow from M r Rou- 
landfon. Our expectations was, that yow would lett vs know vpon 

[98] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

what condition yow would releafe to vs all the Englifh captiues 
among yow. Our minde is not to make bargaine w th yow for one 
& one, but for altogether. Vnto this, which was our cheife bufi- 
nes, yow fend vs no anfwer, which we doe not take kindly, for this 
way fpends much time. In your letter to vs you fay yow defire 
not to be hindred by our men in your planting, pmifing not to doe 
damage to our tounes. This is a great matter, and therefore can 
not be ended by letters, without fpeaking one w th another; we haue 
therefore fent to yow once more, to lett yow know our minds 
w th all fpeed. If yow will fend vs home all the Englifh prifoners, 
it will be a great teftimony of a true heart in yow to peace, which 
yow fay yow are willing to haue; and then, if any of your fachems 
and Councellors will come to vs at Bofton, or els to Concord or 
Sudbury, to meet with fuch cheife men as wee (hall fend, wee will 
fpeak w th yow about your defires, and with true heart deale w th yow. 
This way is the beft way ; therefore fend fpeedily to vs, whither 
yow will accept it or no. If yow vnderftand not our full minde, 
Seth Perry, whom we now fend w th this letter, will declare it more 
plainely. And wee doe hereby grant & promife, that all fuch as 
yow fhall imploy in a treaty w th vs (hall be fafe & free to come & 
goe, on condition that our meflengers alfo fhallbe fafe w th yow 
May the 5 th , 1676. By the Court EDWARD RAWSON, Secret 

A verbal meflage feems to have been returned appointing 
a meeting, and Jonathan Prefcott was fent the following 
Thurfday, with a letter of elaborate inflru6tions for his 
own condu6t, and the following, copied in Maffachufetts 
Records : 

To the Indian fachems. Yow know we fent our meflengers 
according to your defire, and wee very true heart, but yow no giue 
vs anfwer in writing, by our meflengers, as yow promife; wee 
now fend thefe our men, Peeter Gardiner & Jonathan Prefcott, to 
know your minde, whether yow willing lett vs haue our weomen & 

[99] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

children yow haue captives ; and if yow haue any propofall to 
make to vs ? wee willing to heare yow ; and if yow come yourfelues, 
wee fend fome of our fachems to treat yow at Concord, or fome 
other place where beft, and yow haue fafe conduct j for wee very 
true heart, and yow tell your people fo. 

By the Court EDW : RAWSON Secret. 

The propofed meeting was held between Groton and 
Concord, and then or foon after feveral captives were ran- 
fomed, or releafed unconditionally. June 7, under guid 
ance of Tom Dublet, Captain Daniel Henchman furprifed 
a party of Indians fiming in the Wafhacum ponds. They 
were chiefly women and children. Seven were killed and 
twenty-nine were captured. Among the latter were the 
wives and children of Sagamore Sam and Muttaump. 
Thefe prifoners with others were ultimately fent to the 
Weft Indies and fold as flaves. This humbling blow and 
the increaling difficulty of obtaining fubfiftence turned the 
boafting of the proud fachems to a defpairing defire for 
peace, which found utterance in the following letters, 
printed in a London pamphlet entitled, "A true account 
of the moft confiderable occurences that have happened in 
the Warre between the Englifh and the Indians in New- 
England " : 

To all Engtijhmen and Indians, all of you hear Mr Waban Mr Eliott. 
July 6 1676. Mr John Leverett, my Lord, Mr Waban, and 
all the cheif men our Brethren Praying to God : We befeech you 
all to help us : my wife (he is but one, but there be more Prifoners, 
which wee pray you keep well : Mattamuck his wife we entreat 
you for her, and not onely that man, but it is the Requeft of two 
Sachems, Sam Sachem of Wemakum, and the Pakalhoag Sachem. 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

And that further you will confider about the making Peace : We 
haue fpoken to the people of Naihobah (viz Tom Dublet and 
Peter) that we would agree with you and make covenant of Peace 
with you. We haue been deftroyed by your fouldiers, but ftill we 
Remember it now to fit ftill: do you confider it again: we do 
earneftly entreat you, that it may be fo by Jefus Chrift. O let it 
be fo : Amen Amen. 

MATTAMUCK his Mark N 
SAM SACHEM his Mark X 
SIMON POTTOQUAM Scribe 
UPPANIPPAQUUM his C 
PAKASHOKAG his Mark & 

My Lord Mr Leveret at Bofton, Mr Waban, Mr Eliott, Mr. 
Gookin, and Council, hear yea. I went to Conneclicot about the 
Captives, that I might bring them into your hands, and when we 
were almoft there the Engiim had deftroyed thofe Indians. When 
I heard it I returned back again : then when I came home, we were 
alfo deftroyed : After we were deftroyed then Philip and Quanipun 
went away into their own Countrey againe : and I knew they were 
much afraid, becaufe of our offer to joyn with the Engiim, and 
therefore they went back into their own Countrey, and I know they 
will make no warre : therefore becaufe when fome Englifh men 
came to us Philip and Quanipun fent to kill them : but I faid if any 
kill them, 111 kill them. 

SAM SACHEM 

Written by SIMON BOSHOKUM Scribe 

The fole reward by which the Maflachufetts colony 
recognized the fervices rendered by the brave copper- 
colored Chriftian, Thomas Dublet, was "two coats," 
voted him, upon petition, by the council eight years later. 

Page 50. " Sudbury Fight" This was on April 18, 
when Captains Samuel Wadfworth of Milton and Samuel 

[101] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

Brocklebank of Rowley, with thirty or more of their men, 
were flain, having been drawn into an ambufh. 

THE TWENTIETH REMOVE. Friday, April 28, to May 2. 
This encampment was upon the weflern bafe of the moun 
tain very near the fouthern end of Wachufett Lake. 
Tradition has located the final conference of John Hoar 
and the fachems at an ifolated granite ledge near the Weft- 
miniler line in Princeton, which is now known as Redemp 
tion Rock. This was bought in 1879 by the Honorable 
George Frifbie Hoar, and on its perpendicular face he has 
had the following legend infcribed : 

UPON THIS ROCK MAY *ND 1676 
WAS MADE THE AGREEMENT FOR THE RANSOM 

OF MRS MARY ROWLANDSON OF LANCASTER 

BETWEEN THE INDIANS AND JOHN HOAR OF CONCORD 

KING PHILIP WAS WITH THE INDIANS BUT 

REFUSED HIS CONSENT 

Page 54. " Her Majler was hanged" Mrs. Divoll s 
captor was Sagamore Sam, chief of the Nafhaways, hanged 
at town s end, Bofton, Tuefday, September 26, 1676. 

Page 55. "Mr. Hoar" Mr. Rowlandfon befought 
John Hoar of Concord to aid him in ranfoming his wife, 
knowing him to be held in great refpe<5t by the Indians 
becaufe of his many friendly fervices to them. The 
recovery of the captive was due more to his brave inter- 
ceffion than to the colonial power or Governor Leverett s 
diplomacy. 

Page 56. " Matchit Indians" That is, bad Indians. 

Page 65. " We went on to a farmboufe" etc. This 
dwelling was probably upon the Wataquadock range, on 

[102] 



frf" f ^^ ^^^^ --l&z " *&$ : -&* 
>Vr i - - - &>*?=*- -"- " : !r ^\ :& Si V : " - ,^-: ". i 
t?\ a *-~ .- l^^M ."j L- .>< ^ i " a " .. p i" <. r. ; *--v ". jt>-> ji 



sa^fag^SSsSiS^^SgP 



^ ^^^SRS^%^vIi^p^" - : ^T^^l 




Redemption Rock, Princeton. 



[ I0 3] 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

the trail to Marlborough, where Enfign John Moore and 
one or two others had their homes. The pofitive ftate- 
ment that "not one houfe was left {landing" in Lancafter 
is proof enough that even the meeting-houfe had been 
deflroyed, contradicting the hiftorians Jofeph Willard and 
Reverend A. P. Marvin, who allege that it was fpared. 
This fa<5t is moreover confirmed by a petition of the 
townfmen in 1706 relative to building a meeting-houfe, 
wherein it is ftated that they had " loft two already burned 
by the enemy." Maflachufetts Archives, XI. 208. 

" Brother and brother-in-law" Jofiah White and Lieu 
tenant Henry Kerley. 

Page 66. " Mr. UJker" Hezekiah Ufher, a promi 
nent and wealthy merchant and one of the felectmen, living 
on what is now State Street, Bofton. 

Page 67. "Major Waldren" Richard Waldron of 
Dover, New Hampfhire, its moft diflinguifhed citizen. 

Page 68. " My ftflers /on." Mrs. Hannah Divoll s. 
In Reverend Thomas Gobbet s " Narrative of New Eng 
land Deliverances," which is among the Mather Manu- 
fcripts in the Prince Library, number 76, he writes: 

. . . May the 12 th Goodwife Diuens [Divoll~\ and Goodwife 
Ketle vpon ranfom paid, came in to Concord, and vpon like ran- 
fom prefently after John Mofs of Groton and Lieftenant Carlers 
[Kerley s] daughter were fet at liberty, and nine more without ran 
fom . . . 

. . . Mr Rowlinfons daughter was brought to Seaconke by a 
captiue fqua, that got away from the Indians, and got home after 
Mr Rowlinfons fon and his fifter Diuens [Divoll s] daughter, vpon 
theyr ranfoms paid, were brought to Major Waldrens. And about 



NOTES TO THE NARRATIVE 

July II th Goodwife Ketles elder daughter, about 17 y old, got away 
from the Indians to Marlborough bringing her little fifter vpon her 
back almoft ftarued . . . 

Page 69. " Mr. Newman " was Reverend Noah Newman 
of Rehoboth. 

Page 71. "James Whitcomb" was a wealthy citizen of 
Bofton, whofe manfion and garden were at the corner of 
Beacon and Tremont Streets, where the Tremont Building 
now ftands. 



[ 106] 







The Mary Rowlandfon Locker. 



Bibliography 



[109] 



HISTORY 



O F TH E 




Uleftoration 



OF 



Mrs. 



ROWLANDSON, 



A Minifter s Wife in New-England. 

Wherein is fet forth, The Cruel and Inhumane 
Ufage (he underwent amongft the Heathens^ for 
Eleven Weeks tiine : And her Deliverance from 
them. 

Written fy her own Hand, for her Private Vfe : Axel now Made 
Publici at the earned Dejiretffome Friends, far the Benefit 
of the AfflitteA 

Whereonto is annexed, 

A Sermon of the fcfflbility of God s Forfa^ing a Peo 
ple that have been near and dear to hinn 



Preached by ^Ar.^ofeph Rowtatidfon) Husband to the faid %(v%,RowIa 
It being his Laft Sermon. 



Printed hYft tt New-England^ And Re-printed at Lon<?oj and (old 
by Jofcfh Poole* at the Blue Betel in the w4T*/K by CM/?/- 
knreb 



BIBLIO GR APH Y 



THE following is a catalogue of all editions of the Mary Rowland- 
fon Narrative known. Of thofe ftarred, copies are in the Lancatler 
Public Library : 1682. No copy of the firft edition, printed by 
Samuel Green at Cambridge in 1682, is known to exifl. 

1682. The | Soveraignty & Goodnefs \ of | GOD, | Together, | With 
the Faithfulnefs of His Promifes | Difplayed ; | Being a | NARRATIVE | 
Of the Captivity and Reftauration of | Mrs. Mary Rowlandfon. \ Com 
mended by her, to all that defires to | know the Lords doings to, and | deal 
ings with her. | Efpecially to her dear Children and Relations. \ The 
fecond Addition Corrected and amended. | . . . Cambridge. | Printed by 
Samuel Green, 1682. 3^ by 5^ in. pp. (6) 73. 

A copy once owned by Reverend John Cotton is in the Prince Library, 
Bofton, and a copy of the Rowlandfon Sermon is bound with it. 

1682. A True | HISTORY | of the | Captivity & Refloration | of | 
Mrs. Mary Rowlandfon, \ A Minifter s wife in New-England. \ Wherein is 
fet forth, The Cruel and Inhumane | Ufage me underwent amongft the Heathens, 
for | Eleven Weeks time : And her Deliverance from | them. | Written by 
her own Hand for her Private Ufe : And now made \ Publick at the earn- 
eft Dejire of fame Friends, for the Benefit \ of the Ajflifted. \ Whereunto is 
annexed, | A Sermon of the PoJJibility of God s Forfaking a Pea- \ pie that 
have been near and dear to him : \ Preached by Mr. Jofeph Rowlandfon, 
Hufband to the faid Mrs. Rowlandfon. \ It being his Laft Sermon, j Printed 
firft at New-England : And Re-printed at London, and fold | by Jofeph 
Poole, at the Blue Bowl in the Long- Walk> by Chrijis- \ Church Hofpital 
1682. 6 by 8 in. pp. (6) 46. 

Copies of this London edition of 1682 are in the John Carter Brown 
Library, Providence, Rhode Ifland, the Lenox Library, New York, and the 

[III] 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



library of Mr. Edward E. Ayer, Chicago. A copy at the Brinley Sale in 
1879 brought $11.50. Charles Deane s copy fold in Bofton, 1898, for 
$80. 

1720. The | Soveraignty and Goodnefs of | God, | Together with the 
Faithfulnefs of His | Promifes Difplayed : | Being a | Narrative | Of the 
Captivity and Reftauration of | Mrs. Mary Rozvlandfon. \ Commended by 
her, to all that defire to | know the Lords Doings to, & Dealings | with 
her; Efpecially to her dear Chil- | dren and Relations. | Written by her 
own Hand, for her Private Ufe, | and now made Publick at the earneft 
Defire of | fome Friends, and for the Benefit of the Afflifted. | The Second 
Edition | Carefully Corrected, and Purged from abundance | of Errors which 
efcaped in the former Impreffion. | Bofton : Printed by T. Fleet, for Samuel 
| Phillips, at the Three Bibles and Crown in King- \ Street, 1720. pp. 
80. 

A copy of this edition is in the Britifh Mufeum, and another, according 
to Sabin, in the Library of Congrefs, Wafhington. The latter evaded 
fearch in 1901. 

*i77o. A | NARRATIVE | of the | CAPTIVITY, | Sufferings and 
Removes | of | Mrs. Mary Rowlandfon, \ who was taken Prifoner by the 
INDIANS | with feveral others ; and treated in the | moft Barbarous and 
Cruel manner by | thofe vile Savages : With many other | remarkable 
Events during her Travels. | Written by her own Hand, for her pri- | vate 
Ufe, and now made Public at the | earneft Defire of fome Friends and for | 
the benefit of the Afflifted. | Bofton : | Printed and Sold by Nathaniel Cov- 
erly \ in B lack- Horfe- Lane, North-End. | MDCCLXX. 41^ by 7 in. 
pp. 60. 

A woodcut of a woman with mufket on reverfe of title, and one repre- 
fenting a houfe on fire on the laft page. A copy brought $20 in Bofton 
A.D. 1900. 

1771. Same title, Bofton: | Printed and Sold by N. COVERLY, | 
near Liberty-Tree M,DCCLXXI. | Price Six Shillings. \ pp. (3) 58. 4^ 
by 7 in. Woodcuts on pages 4 and 42. 

A copy is in poffeffion of Mr. Edward E. Ayer, Chicago. 

*I773. Same title. Bofton : Printed and Sold at John Boyle s Printing- 
Office, next Door to the Three Doves in Marlborough-Street, 1773. 4^ 
by 7 in. pp. 40. 

[112] 



* THE 

^ 

$ Soveraignty and Goodnefs of 







* 



1$ Together with the Faithfulnefs of His g^ 
^ Ptomifcs Difplayed: ^ 

.aa * * ff^ 

I BEING A jj 

| NARRATIVE f> 

^ Of the Captivity and Reftauration of |y* 

1 Mrs. Mary Rwlandfon. fj 

^ B> 

^Commended by her, to all thnt dofire toi> 
W Know the Lords Doings to, & Dealings ft 
*$ with her ,; efpecially to her dea c Chil-^* 

^ dren and Relations. &> 

$ --- -- , g* 

^Written by her own Hand, for her private Ufe.g^ 
^a and now made PubHck at the eaenelt DfefTre of ^L 
S fome Friends, and for the Benefit of the AflUtterf. gf 



^econo Coition. 

^Carefully Corrected, and Purged from abundance 
tS of Errors which efcapcd in the former Impreffion 

v * - 



Printed by 2T, ffleet, for 
, at the TJ/ree Bibles and Qrovn in 
1720. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



A fmall coarfe woodcut upon title page reprefents a woman coming out of 
a burning houfe with a gun prefented towards four Indians advancing with 
uplifted weapons. A copy at the Brinley Sale, 1879, brought $4.25; 
one at Manfon Sale, 1899, brought $22. 

1774. Same title. Printed at New London by Timo. Green, 1774. 
fmall 8. pp. 48. A copy fold at Brinley Sale for $5. 

1791. Same Title. Re-printed and fold by Thomas and John Fleet, at 
the Bible and Heart, Cornhill, Bofton, 1791. 4^ by 7 in. pp. 40. 

A copy in Bofton Athenasum. This is a reprint of the 1773 edition. 

*I792. Same title. Haverhill, New Hampfhire : Printed and Sold by 
Nathaniel Coverly and Son, near the Court-Houfe. (Price One Shilling.) 
Great allowance by the grofs or dozen. 41^ by 7 in. pp. 64, no date. 

1792. Same title. Amherft, [New Hampfhire] : Printed and fold, 
by Nathaniel Coverly and Son, near the Court-Houfe. 4^ by 7 in. 
pp. 64. 

This, like the Haverhill edition, is a reprint of the 1770 impreffion. A 
copy fold at the Brinley Sale for $3. The Harvard Univerfity Library has 
a copy. 

*I794. Same title. Printed and fold by S. Hall> in Cornhill, Bofton. 
MDCCXCIV. 4 by 7 in. pp. 57. 

1794. Same title. [Leominfter.] Printed for Chapman Whitcomb, 
[of Lancafter] n. d. 3^ by 5^ in. pp. 56. 

A copy is in the American Antiquarian Society s Library, Worcefter. 

*i8oo. Same title. Bofton. Re-printed and Sold by John and 
Thomas Fleet, at the Bible and Heart, Cornhill, 1800. 4^ by 71^ in. 
pp. 36. 

This has the woodcut of the 1773 edition. 

1805. Same title. Bofton: Printed and Sold by Thomas Fleet, 
1805. 3^ by 6 in. pp. 36. 

The American Antiquarian Society and the Harvard Univerfity Libraries 
have copies. 

*l8u. The | Captivity and Deliverance | of | Mrs. Mary Rowland- 
fon, of Lancafter, | who was taken by the French and Indians. | Written by 
herfelf. | Brookfield, Printed by Hori Brown. From the prefs of E. 
Merriam & Co. September, 1811. 4 by 6^ in. pp. 80. 

Appended to "The Captivity and Deliverance of Mr John Williams." 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



1812. The Narrative and Rowlandfon Sermon were reprinted, follow 
ing the London edition of 1682, in Somers Trails VIII, pp. 554590. 
London, 1812. 

*i828. Narrative | of | the Captivity and Removes | of | Mrs. Mary 
Rowlandfon, | who was taken by the Indians at the deftruftion of Lancafter, 
in 1676. | Written by herfelf. | Fifth Edition. | Lancafter: Publiflied by 
Carter, Andrews, and Co. 1828. 3^ by 5^ in. pp. (XII) 81. 

*i828. Same title, fame prefs. Sixth Edition. Second Lancafter 
Edition; with an appendix containing the " fcandelous lybell " by Jofeph 
Rowlandfon. 31^ by 5^ in. pp. 100. 

The two Lancafter editions were edited by Jofeph Willard, Efq. 

*i83i. The Narrative fomewhat condenfed was reprinted in Farmer 
and Moore s Collections, pp. 105-115 and 137-149. Concord, N. H., 
1831. 

* 1 839 1854. Samuel Gardner Drake reprinted the Narrative in his 
"Indian Captivities," later called "Life in the Wigwam," pp. 20-60, 
copying the Lancafter edition. Bofton, Auburn, and Buffalo, N. Y., feveral 
editions. See alfo 1842. 

*i84l. Rev. Henry White reprinted the Narrative in "The Early 
Hiftory of New England." pp. 135-162. Concord, N. H., 1841. 

1842. A reprint of the Narrative is in Samuel G. Drake s "Tragedies 
of the Wildernefs." Bofton, 1842. pp. 20-60. 

*i853. A condenfed reprint of the Narrative is in "150 Stories about 
Indians." pp. 177-192. Concord, N. H.: Rufus Merrill. 1853. 2^-6 

b 7 3^ . 

* 1 8 5 3 . Narrative | of the | Captivity, Sufferings and Removes | of | 
Mrs. Mary Rowlandfon, | who was taken prifoner by the Indians at the 
Deftruftion | of Lancafter in 1675. I To which is appended | A Century 
Sermon, | preached at the | Firft Parifh in Lancafter, May 28, 1753, | 
By Rev. Timothy Harrington. | A Reprint from an old edition. | Clin 
ton : Publimed by Ballard & Bynner. 1853. 4^ by 7 in. pp. 52 

(73). 

*i856. Same title as IJQI edition. Reprinted by the Mafs. Sabbath 
School Society, 13 Cornhill, 1856. [Bofton.] 41^ by 7 in. pp. 122. 

*i857. John S. C. Abbott s "Life of King Philip" includes the 
Narrative much condenfed. pp. 261-291. 

[116] 



NARRATIVE 

O F T HE 
CAPTIVITY, SUFFERINGS AND REMOVES 



O P 



Mrs. Mary Rowland/on, 




Who was taken Prifoner by the INDIANS with feveral ottie?j, 
and treated in the moft barbarous and cruel Manner by thofe 
vile Savages : With many other remarkable Events during her 
TRAVELS. 

Written by her own Hand, for her private Ufe, and now made 
public at the earned Defire of forae Friends, and for the Be 
nefit of the affli&ed. 



BOSTON 

Printed and Sold at JOHN BOYLE S Printing-Office, next Dear 
to the Tbref t>ovet ia Mariborough- Street 1773. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 



1859. A reprint of Rev. Henry White s " Early Hiflory of New Eng 
land " was copyrighted with the title : " Indian Battles : With incidents 
in the early hiftory of New England . . . Containing thrilling and ftirring 
narratives of battles, captivities, efcapes, ambufcades, aflaults, maffacres, and 
depredations of the Indians. The habits, cuiloms, and traits of character 
peculiar to the Indian race. The Life and exploits of Capt. Miles Stand- 
ifh. The hiftory of King Philip s War, and perfonal and hiftorical inci 
dents of the Revolutionary War." New York, n. d. The Rowlandfon 
Narrative is found on pp. 135-162. 

*i883. Richard Markham in his "Hiftory of King Philip s War," 
N. Y., 1883, reprints moft of the Narrative, pp. 177-218. 

*l883. Same title as Bofton, 1856 edition. Concord, N. H. Re 
printed by the Republican Prefs Affociation for Eleanor S. Eaftman, 1883. 
4^ by 7 in. pp. 53. 

*i888. The Narrative is reprinted with illuftrations in "Library of 
Univerfal Adventure by Sea and Land," compiled by W. D. Howells and 
T. S. Perry, N. Y. 1888, pp. 42-65. 

*I9OO. A reprint of the Cambridge edition of 1682 is in the " Gene 
alogy of the Defcendants of John White of Wenham and Lancafter, Mafs.," 
by Almira L. White, Haverhill, 1900; Vol. i, pp. 763-812, with map 
and illuftrations. 



Rev. Jofeph Rowlandfon s Laft Sermon 



[121] 






THE 

4% Poffibilicy of Gods For 
jj{ * 

faking a people, m 

*jjj. That have been vifibly near & dear to him 

TOGETHER, 

5 With ths Miferyof a Pec fie thus forfafyft 
qjg Set forth in a 

SSERMON.f 

^ Preached at ^f^f^^^WjNov.2 T. ifiyS. ^ 
^ Being a Day of FAST and HU 
MILIATION- 






By Mr. fofeph RoWlandfon Paftor cf the g[ 
Church of Chrift there. Being 
alio his laft SERMON, 

- - SO- 

2 C!ir6n.i$.2. The Lord is ntt you, vb&ilefcfo j^? 
-with him, and if ye fee/^ him, he will be found, of jjlfa 



Hof.9.1 2. Wo alfo to tbnn. -when I deptn from them 



BOSTON in NEW-ENGLAVD 
Printed for John naclife, & John Griffin* 

16 8 2 



4* 



T0 the Courteous READER, (especially the Inhabitants 
of the T own of Weathersfield, and Lancafter^ in New 
England.} 

GODS forfaking of fuch as he hath been near to, is 
a thing of fuch weight, and folemnity, and hath 
fuch bitter effecls, that it is a meet fubjecT:, (efpe- 
cially in a dark and mourning day) for Minifters to fpeak 
to, and for People to hear of; that the one may warn of 
the danger, and the other avoid the judgement. As God s 
prefence is the greateft glory to a People on this fide 
Heaven, fo his abfence is the greateft mifery on this fide 
hell ; this therefore muft needs be a concerning point, to 
fuch as will concern themfelves in their concernments. 
The enfuing Sermon will appear a folemn word, if duely 
confidered; the fubject matter is very folemn and weighty, 
(Treating of God s being with, or forfaking a people) the 
time when it was delivered was a folemn time, (a day of 
Faft throughout the Colonies) the Reverend Author that 
Compofed, and Preached it, was one folemn and ferious 
above many others, and that which adds one great circum- 
ftance to its folemnity, is in that it was the laft word he 
fpake to the World, being but about two dayes before he 
left it. As it is folemn, fo tis feafonable, and pertinent. 
It is a time wherein we have given God juft caufe to for- 
fake us, a time wherein God is threatning to forfake us. 
A time wherein God hath in fome meafure forfaken us 
already, and what can be more feafonable, than to fhew 



INTRODUCTION 

the evils that befall a forfaken People, that we may yet be 
awakened, and return, that the Lord do not forfake us 
utterly. 

As for the Reverend Author, there needs nothing to be 
faid in his commendation, he was known amongft the 
Churches in the Wildernefs, and known to be a workman 
that needed not to be afhamed. That his Name (which 
was fometimes precious amongft thofe that knew him) may 
not be forgot, and that being dead, he may yet fpeak to a 
land that have in fome meafure forfook their God, and are 
in danger of being forfaken, it is the ground-work of the 
publifhing this fmall part of his labours. It is commended 
efpecially to the perufal of the Inhabitants of Lancafter and 
Weathersfield ; He was a Man well known to you, the 
one had his Life, and the other his death, and both his 
lofs, you cannot eafily forget his name, and t is defired 
that you may not forget the labour and travel, he hath had 
amongft you; the word which he Preached to you was 
acceptable whilft he was living, and it is prefumed it will 
be accepted with the like candor now he is dead. Indeed 
had it been intended, and fitted by himfelf for the Prefs, 
you might have expe6ted, and found it more large, and 
polifhed ; but as it is, it is thought fit, not to be loft, and 
may be of great ufe, and benefit, to open to us the danger 
of forfaking God, to humble us for all our coolings, and 
declinings from God, to quicken us in our return to, and 
clofe walking with God, and that it may attain this end, 
is the hearts defire, and prayer of him, who abundantly 
wi(hes thy welfare, and profperity in Chrift Jefus. 

B. VV. 
[126] 



THE LAST SERMON OF 

REVEREND JOSEPH ROWLANDSON 

JEREMIAH 23. 33. 

And when this People, or the Prophet, or a Prieft, (hall aflc thee, 
faying, what is the burden of the Lord ? thou (halt then fay unto 
them, what burden ? I will even forfake you ; faith the Lord. 

In the Words, there lies before us, (Firft) A Queftion, 
fuppofed, to be propounded, wherein there is two things : 
i. The Queftionifts, this People, or a Prophet, or a Prieft. 
1. The Queflion itfelf, or the matter of it, What is the 
burden of the Lord ? (Secondly,) There is an Anfwer, and 
a folemn Anfwer too, which is put into his mouth by the 
Lord, and which he is to return as the Lord s Anfwer to 
the Queftion ? thou malt then fay unto them, what bur 
den ? I will even forfake you, faith the Lord. 

In which Anfwer there is three things. 

1. An expreffion of Indignation, What burden? 

2. An affertion by way of Anfwer to the queftion, I will 
forfake you. 

3. A Seal of ratification, in the laft words, Saith the 
Lord. 

God having before dealt with the Paflors, that did de- 
ftroy, and fcatter the flock, as in the beginning of the 

[ "7] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

Chapter, Wo be to the Paflors that deftroy and fcatter 
the fheep of my pafture, & ver. 2. I will vifit upon you 
the evil of your doings, faith the Lord, and alfo with the 
falfe Prophets, that prophefied lies in his Name, as ver. 9. 
My heart within me is broken becaufe of the prophets, & 
ver. 32. Behold I am againft them, that prophefie falfe 
dreams, faith the Lord, and do tell them, and caufe my 
people to erre by their lies, and by their lightnefs ; which 
fort of Prophets went without their Commiffion, as ver. 21. 
I have not fent thefe Prophets yet they ran. He proceeds 
from the head Rulers, to the people that were feduced by 
them ; for by this means their hands were ftrengthened in 
fin, fo as that they did not return from their wickednefs, 
as ver. 14. It was a ufual thing for the Prophets of the 
Lord, to begin their Sermons (the matter whereof was mina 
tory, wherein the Lord threatned them with juft judgements) 
with that Phrafe, the burden of the Lord, as will eafily 
appear if you confult Ifai. 13. i & 15, i & 22, I & 30. 
6. Now they do in the words of the Text, or are fuppofed 
in mockery to demand, what Burden he had from the 
Lord, for them. For the opening of the words, And ; or 
moreover becaufe he here enters upon new matter ; this 
People, or the prophane fort of them, whom the falfe 
Prophets had feduced to which he joyns the Prophet, and 
the Prieft, in that they were alike prophane, as ver. n. for 
both Prophet and Prieft are prophane, yea in my houfe, 
faith the Lord : and when Prophets are prophane there is 
wont to be a pack of them, as Jer. 5. 31. The Prophets 
prophefies falfly, and the Priefts bear rule by their means, 
and my people love to have it fo : (hall afk thee, faying, 

[128] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

viz. in a deriding way, not out of a holy end, or defire, 
What is the burden of the Lord ? or from the Lord ? fo 
were the prophefies ftiled, that contained in them, Threat- 
nings, Judgements, and Plagues, 2 King. 9. 25. as if they 
had faid, what haft thou further mifchief in thy head to 
declare ? further Woes and Threatnings to pronounce ? 
haft thou nothing elfe to prophefie, but Mifchief and 
Calamity? What is the burden now? Thou {halt then 
fay unto them, the Lord knew what they would fay to him, 
and tells him what he fhould fay, by way of reply, What 
burden ? a retorting by way of holy indignation ; afk ye 
indeed what burden ? and that in a way of derifion ? are 
you of that ftrain, and fpirit ? I will even forfake you 
faith the Lord : a burden heavy enough, and you are like 
to feel it fo ere long, heavy enough to break your Backs, 
to break your Church, and your Common wealth, and to 
fink your haughty Spirits, when this Burden ftiall come 
upon you, in its force and weight. 

Doct. That the Lord may even forfake a People that 
have been near to him, and he hath been near to, though 
for the Lord thus to do, is as fearful and hideous a judge 
ment as can be inflicted on any People. 

The Doctrine is double, it hath two parts : 

Firft, That the Lord may do thus. 

Secondly, when he doth, it is a very fad and heavy 
burden. It may be profecuted as two diftinft points. 

i. God may forfake a People that hath been near to 
him, and that he hath been near to. This may be fpoken 
to in this order. 

i. What is meant by God s forfaking a People. 

[ I2 9 ] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

2. How may it appear that God may forfake, even fuch 

a People as the point fpeaks of? 

3. The Reafons. 

4. The ufe. 

i. What doth Gods forfaking mean ? what is in 
tended thereby ? 

Sol. It means Gods withdrawing himfelf, as the Prophet 
Hofea phraifes it, Hos. 5. 6. They fhall go with their 
Flocks and their Herds to feek the Lord, but fhall not 
find him, he hath withdrawn himfelf from them. They 
fhall feek him, and not find him, and there is a good reafon, 
he hath withdrawn himfelf, he is gone, in refpedl of his 
gracious prefence. We muft here difUnguifh betwixt God s 
general prefence and his gracious prefence. In refpect of 
his general prefence, he is not far from any one of us, for 
in him we live, and move, and have our being, Act. 17, 
27, 28. We have not only our beginning from, but our 
being in him. As the beam hath its being in the fun. Of 
this general prefence of God, we read, Pfal. 149. 7. There 
is no flying from it. Whither (hall I go from the Spirit, 
or whither fhall I flie from thy prefence? In this fenfe 
God is every where, as it is ver. 8, & 9. If I afcend up 
into Heaven thou art there; if I make my bed in Hell, 
behold thou art there. He fills Heaven and Earth, and 
there is no hiding from him, Jer. 23, 24. Can any hide 
himfelf in fecret places, that I fhall not fee him, ? faith the 
Lord do not I fill Heaven and Earth ? faith the Lord. 
He hath Heaven for his Throne, and the Earth for his 
Footflool 3 as it is, Ifai. 66. i. This general prefence of 

[ 3] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

God, if believingly apprehended, and ftrongly believed, 
might be of great ufe. 

But it is not this general prefence that is meant : but 
his efpecial prefence, his favourable and gracious prefence, 
the removing whereof, is that that is intended, by the for- 
faking that the Text and Point fpeaks of. God is faid to 
forfake a People two wayes. 

1. As to Affedion. 

2. As to A6lion. 

1. As to Affecftion, when he difcontinues his love to 
them, when he takes away his love from a people, then he 
takes his leave of a people. My mind is not toward this 
people, Jer. 15. i. a very heavy Judgement, and fad 
removal. Be inflructed O Jerufalem, leaft my foul depart 
from thee. 

2. As to A6lion, when God takes away the figns of his 
prefence. 

1. When he takes away merciful and gracious provi 
dences, when he carries not towards them as he was wont 
to do: but vexes them with all manner of adverfity, Deut. 
31. 17. I will forfake them, and many evils and troubles 
fhall befal them : when he ceafes to prote6t them from 
evils, and enemies, as in times pafb, and provides not for 
them, as he was wont to do. When he takes away his 
Ordinances, and bereaves a people of the glorious things 
of his houfe ; or takes away his fpirit from accompanying 
them, whereby the glory ceafes, and the ordinances are 
rendered ineffectual for the faving good of a people. 

2. How may it appear that God may forfake fuch a 
People ? 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

It may appear by what God hath threatned. What God 
hath threatned, to fuch as the point fpeaks of, may be 
infli6ted on them: but God hath threatned fuch judgement 
to fuch a people. My anger fhall be kindled againft; them, 
and I will forfake them, as near as they are to me, and as 
dear as they have been to me, Deut. 31. 17. Many fuch 
threatnings are found in the Scripture againft Ifrael, who 
are {tiled a people near unto him. 

In that fuch as have been near to God, and he near to 
them, have complained of their being forfaken by God. 
Thou haft forfaken us, is one of the bitter moans, on 
record, that the Church of God did often make unto him. 

What God hath infli6ted on fuch, may be inflicted on 
fuch again ; what God hath done to fome, he may do to 
others, in the fame Itate, and relation : for he is unchange 
able. Thofe that were once the only peculiar people of 
God, near to God, and had God near to them, yet what is 
their condition at this day ? A forfaken condition, is the 
condition, of the Off-fpring of Abraham Gods Friend, a 
feed whom he had chofen, and hath been fo, for above 
fixteen hundred years. God hath been angry with them, 
and forfaken them, as they were foretold long ago. How 
is it with the Churches of Afia, that were once famous 
golden Candlefticks ? that had Epiftles written to them. 
Are they not in a forfaken condition ? not the face of a 
Church to be found amongft them. 

In that they may do that, which may deferve a forfak- 
ing, therefore they may do that which may adtually procure 
it. They may do that which may deferve a forfaking, they 
may through the corruption and unbelief of their hearts 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

forfake God, and God may in juft judgement retaliate, and 
thereupon forfake them. This is fpoken to in the fore- 
quoted place, Deut. 31. 16, 17. They will forfake me, 
and break my Covenant which I have made with them : 
then my anger fhall be kindled againft them in that day, 
and I will forfake them, and hide my face from them. So 
again, 2 Chron. 15. 2. But if you forfake him he will 
forfake you ; the firft is fuppofed, if you forfake him, the 
latter is impofed, he will forfake you : 

But why doth the Lord forfake fuch a People ? The 
Reafons : 

1. To fhew that he hath no need of any, he hath for- 
faken many, and may forfake many more, to fliew that he 
hath no need of any. God would have all the world to 
take notice, (that though all men have need of him, yet) 
he hath no need of any man. 

2. To teftifie his San6lity, and feverity againft fin. He 
will not fpare them, that have been near him, if they will 
not fpare their fin for him. He is a holy God, and if they 
will have their fins, and their lufls, and their wayes, and 
their lovers, he will vindicate his holinefs, by inflicting this 
judgement on them. 

3. To be a warning to all that enjoy his gracious pref- 
ence. That they fee that they make much of it, and that 
they take heed that they do not fin againft him, and for 
fake him, and provoke him to forfake them alfo. 

Caut. The point is to be underftood of a people that 
are vifibly and externally near and dear to him, and thefe 
may be totally and finally forfaken of God: and yet here 
it muft be noted, that God may exercife a deal of patience, 

[ 33 ] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

and forbearance toward fuch as he is about to forfake, he 
did fo with the old world, he did fo with the Ifraelites of 
old, he did fo with the feven Churches of Afia : he is not 
wont fuddenly, and at once to forfake a people, that have 
been near and dear to him ; but he is wont to give them 
warning, and in patience to bear a while with their for- 
wardnefs, and wait to fee if there be any returning to him, 
before he doth inflicft this heavy and fharp judgement. 

Ufe. It ferves to admonifh us, not to bear ourfelves 
too high, upon the account of priviledges. It is a great 
priviledge to have the Lord near us, and to be near unto 
him : and fome lean upon this though they abide in their 
fin, Micah 3. 10, n. They build up Sion with blood, 
and Jerufalem with iniquity, yet will they lean upon the 
Lord, and fay, is not the Lord amongft us ? But if our 
deportment be not according to our priviledges, if we do 
not carry it thereafter, by becoming an humble, fruitful, 
and holy people; the Lord will bring forth this heavy 
burden againft us, we fhall be rejected, and forfaken of the 
Lord, whatever our external priviledges be. 

But the fecond part of the Doctrine ; or the fecond 
Do6lrine may now be fpoken to, viz. 

That it is the heavieil burden, or the forefl of Judge 
ments for the Lord to forfake a people. 

There may be two things fpoken to in the management 
of the Truth. 

i. Arguments to evidence it. 2. The Ufes of it. 

i. If God hath threatned it as a very fore judgement, 
then fure it is fo. Now when God hath been angry with 
a people, he hath manifefted the fame by menacing them 

[ 34] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

with his forfaking them : when he hath been defigned to 
do them a deep difpleafure, upon the account of fome high 
provocation he is wont to threaten them not by taking 
away this, or that outward comfort from them ; but by 
taking away himfelf from them. And that is a woe indeed, 
a woe with a witnefs, Hos. 9. 12. Yea, woe alfo to them, 
when I depart from them : this is the wofulleft day that 
fuch a people are wont to meet with. 

2. Gods forfaking a people is a fore judgement, in that 
it expofes them to all judgements. Sin is a great evil in 
that it expofes to all evil, this is a great evil of punifhment, 
in that it expofes to all punifhments. 

If God be gone, our guard is gone, and we are as a City, 
in the midft of Enemies, whofe walls are broken down. 
Our ftrength to make refiftance, that s Gone, for God is 
our ftrength, as a carcafe without life, is a prey, to beafts 
of prey ; fo are a people forfaken of their God, to all their 
devouring enemies, and to infernal, and curfed fpirits : 
they are expofed to mifchief, and the malice of all their ma 
lignant enemies. When the Lord had forfaken Jerufalem, 
the Romans quickly made a prey of it ; when they were 
deftitute of God, their habitation became defolate. There 
is not Prote<5tion to a People, whom the Lord forfakes ; 
but they are perplexed on every fide. 

3. Becaufe the evils that are on fuch, whom God hath 
forfaken, they are only evils. The Prophet Ezekiel fome- 
time hath the expreflion, Ezek. 7. 5. Thus faith the Lord 
God, an evil, an only evil behold is come. This is fuch 
an evil, an only evil to a people. An evil whilft God is 
prefent, may have much good in it, the Lord may fandlifie 

[^35] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

it for abundance of bleffing : there is hopes of this whilft 
the Lord continues amongft them ; but if he be gone, it is 
an only evil, and the evils that come upon them are fuch, 
they have nothing but evil in them. 

4. Becaufe no creature can then afford any help ; for 
what can creatures do when God is departed, he makes the 
creatures ufeful and helpful, but without him they can do 
us no good, ftand us in no ftead : they may fay to thee as 
the King of Ifrael, faid to the woman, that cried Help 
O King, He anfwered, If the Lord dont help, whence 
mail I help thee ? all creatures may fay if God be departed, 
we cannot help : Nay the very Devil cannot help if God 
be gone: when God departed from Saul, he fought help 
from the Devil, i Sam. 28. 15. Wherefore (faith the 
Devil) afkeft thou of me ? feeing the Lord is departed 
from thee. 

5. It appears to be a fore judgement, by the anguifh and 
diftrefs, that fuch have been in, that have been fenfible that 
God hath forfaken them. Sin hath flown in the face of 
fuch, and terified them : Oh the blefled God is gone, and 
if he is gone, mercy is gone ; and Oh for fuch and fuch 
fins, that lie upon me ! what mall I do ? what a moan 
have Saints themfelves made in fuch a cafe ? as David, 
Pfal. 22. i, 2. My God, my God, why haft thou for 
faken me ? why art thou fo far from helping me ? and 
from the words of my roaring ? Oh my God, I cry in 
the day time, but thou heareft not, and in the night feafon, 
and am not filent. Oh how Saul roared out in his dif 
trefs ! and that on this account efpecially, that God was 
departed from him, not fo much that the Philiftines were 

[136] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

upon him, had not God been gone, he could have dealt 
well enough with them ; but here was the mifery, and the 
fling of the mifery, God was departed from him. 

6. It is a fore punifhment, in that it is a great part of 
the punifhment of Hell. The effential parts of that pun 
ifhment, is pain of lofs, and fenfe, and the former fome 
reckon the greater. 

Ufe i. How foolifli are finners that do even bid God 
depart from them? as we read, Job 21. 14. Therefore 
they fay unto God, depart from us, for we defire not the 
knowledge of thy wayes. But do they know what they 
fay? Oh finners is this your wifh ? if it be granted it 
will prove your woe for ever. Happily Gods prefence is 
now your trouble ; but I tell you his abfence would be 
your torment. 

2. Se here what an evil it is to forfake God, is it a 
judgement of judgements, to be forfaken of God ? furely 
then it is the fin of fins to forfake him : the evil of pun 
ifhment is in being left by God, and the evil of fin is in 
leaving God. What, forfake God, who is our only good ? 
God who made us, and poffefl us from our beginning, 
God that hath been the guid of our Youth, that hath been 
good to us, and fed us all our dayes ? Jer. i. 19. Know 
therefore and fee, that it is an evil thing and bitter, that 
thou haft forfaken the Lord thy God. And there is an 
aggravation of it, ver. 17. Thou haft forfaken the Lord 
thy God, when he led thee by the way. As a guid to dire6t 
thee, as a flaffe to fupport thee, as a convoy to guard thee, 
as a Father to provide for thee, that thou haft wanted 
nothing: well may it be faid, how evil and bitter a thing 

[ 37 J 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

is it, that them haft forfaken the Lord ? He adds In the 
31. verfe. Oh Generation ! Generation of what ? of what 
you will ; God leaves a fpace that you may write, what you 
pleafe, generation of Vipers, or Monflers, or any thing 
rather than generation of Gods people. See ye the word 
of the Lord, behold your face in that Glafs. So your 
cauflefs apoftafies, have I been a wildernefs unto Ifrael ? 
Have you wanted any thing, Oh ye degenerating crooked, 
and wilful generation ? God may fay to fuch finners, 
as Pharaoh to Hadad, when he would be gone, i King. 
ii. 22. But what haft thou lacked with me, that thou 
feekeft to be gone ? what haft thou lacked finner, that 
thou feekeft to be gone from the Lord ? The finner muft 
anfwer with him, nothing howbeit let me go in any wife. 
He came to him in his diftrefs, and when his turn was 
anfwered, away he packs. They forfake becaufe they will 
forfake. 

3. Wonder not that Gods Saints have been fo folicitous 
with him, not to forfake them. Thus David, Pfal. 119. 8. 
Oh forfake me not utterly. He might well be folicitous 
in this matter, for he underftood what it was to be forfaken 
of the Lord. They prefs hard with the Lord whatever he 
doth he would not leave them, nor forfake them, Jer. 14. 9. 
Leave us not. And no wonder, there are fuch moans, 
when the Lord may have feemed, to have forfaken them. 

4. If Gods forfaking be fo fore a judgement, it fhould 
make us more cautelous, and wary leaft we pull down this 
judgement on our heads. Men fhould be afraid of this 
heavieft of judgements, more than the Child of whipping. 

5. Let Gods dear ones take heed of concluding againft 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

themfelves, that they are under this judgement. They are 
readieft to conclude againft themfelves, and yet really in 
the leaft danger. Thus we read, Ifa. 49. 14. But Zion 
faid, the Lord hath forfaken me, and my Lord hath for 
gotten me. But why faid Zion fo ? it was from diffidence : 
as Saints do not forfake God as others do, Pfal. 18. 21. 
I have not wickedly departed from my God ; fo God will 
not forfake them as he forfakes others not utterly forfake 
them: His forfaking of his is but temporary, and partial. 
But here a queftion may be moved what is the difference 
betwixt a iinner forfaken and a Saint forfaken ? for the 
Lord doth not forfake both alike. 

1. When God forfakes his own, yet they cry after him, 
he withdraws himfelf from them fometimes, yet fo as that 
he draws their hearts after him as a mother may hide away 
from her Child, that it may feek and cry the more earneftly 
after her. 

2. They retain good thoughts of him in his withdraw- 
ment, or abfence. As the Spoufe in the Canticles, fhe calls 
him her beloved ftill. As the faithful wife : fhe retains 
good thoughts of her hufband, and keeps up her refpedt, 
though he be gone from home but the wicked when the 
Lord forfakes them, harbour hard thoughts of him. Is 
this to ferve the Lord, and walk in his wayes ? what good 
have I got by all I have done ? fee how he hath ferved me. 

3. They will feek him, till he return again, when the 
Lord forfakes others, they will feek after vanities, to make 
up the want of God s prefence. The Adultrefs in her 
Hufbands abfence, will feek after other lovers. The true 
Saint will be fatisfied in nothing elfe but the Lord till he 

[ 39] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

return. Moreover there is a difference in Gods forfaking 
the finner and the Saint, when he forfakes the wicked they 
are left in darknefs: but when he withdraws himfelf from 
his own he leaves fome light, whereby they fee which way 
he is gone, he leaves fome glimmering light, by which they 
may follow after him, and find him. 

And again, when he leaves his own, yet his bowels are 
towards them, Jer. 31. 20. My bowels are troubled for 
him, I will furely have mercy upon him, faith the Lord. 
He hath an eye towards them for much good, in his 
forfaking them. 

Use 2. Of Exhortation: i. To thankfulnefs to God, 
for that he hath not yet forfaken us. Whatever he hath 
ftript us off, he hath not yet flript us off himfelf, he hath 
not as yet forfaken us. He might have done it, and have 
done us no wrong ; but he hath not yet done it. 

2. To do our utmoft that he may not forfake us. And 
here there may be added Motives and Means. 

i. Confider God s lothnefs to forfake us. This is a 
thing that he is not defirous of, he doth not willingly 
afflict us with this fort of Affliction, or grieve us with this 
grievous flroak. God hath mewed himfelf loth to depart 
from thofe that have departed from him ; but have warned 
them of his difpleafure, that they might flay him. It goes 
near Gods heart to forfake a People that have been near 
to him. Methinks I hear him faying thus, How mall I 
give thee up, Oh New-England! thence fpeaking to warn 
us, of our forfakings of him, and to be inflru6ted, why ? 
leafl his Spirit depart from us, Jer. 6. 8. Be thou inflructed 
Oh Jerufalem, leafl my Soul depart from thee, leafl I make 

[ HO] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

thee defolate, a land not inhabited. You may eafily flay 
him, the matter is not fo far gone, but you might yet flay 
him : were we but as loth he fhould forfake us, as he is to 
forfake us, he would never leave us. His gradual motions 
from a people argue his lothnefs, and unwillingnefs to 
leave them. 

2. Confider what the Lord is to us, or what relation he 
flands in to us, while he is with us. He is our friend, we 
have found him to be fo, and a fpecial friend too : men 
in the World are not willing to forego a Friend, a good 
Friend : he is as faithful, fkilful, powerful, and tender 
hearted a Friend as ever a people had, he fluck by us when 
alfo we had been in a woe cafe, Pfal. 124. i. If it had 
not been the Lord, who was on our fide may Ifrael now 
fay. And had not the Lord been on our fide, may New- 
England now fay. He is a Father, and a tender-hearted 
Father, Ifai. 63. 16, Doubtlefs thou art our Father. Can 
children be willing their Father fhould leave them ? he is 
a Hufband, Ifai. 54. 5. For thy Maker is thy Hufband, 
a loving, careful, tender hufband too ; can the Wife be 
willing to part with her Hufband ? if the Lord forfake us, 
we are bereft of our friend, left friendlefs, he is all friends 
in one, none can be our friend, if he be not. If he leave 
us, we mail be as Orphans, for he is related as a Father, 
and how fad is the flate of poor Orphans : and we mail be 
in a flate of Widow-hood, a very folitary, and forrowful 
flate. He is our guide, and our pilot; what will become 
of the blind if their guid leave them ? and what will be 
come of the Ship if the Pilot defert it ? thus the Lord is 
to his, and well may he fay, as Mic. 6. 3. Oh my People 

[HI] 



what have I done ? or wherein have I wearied thee, or 
given thee any caufe to be weary of me. 

3. Confider there are fhrewd figns of Gods intent to 
leave us, unlefs fomewhat can be done. If you enquire 
what ? I anfwer : 

i. The fins for which God hath forfaken others are rife 
amongft us. The fins for which God forfook the Jews, 
are our fins. 

1. Horrid Pride, Hos. 5. 5. The Pride of Ifrael doth 
teftifie to his face. Pride in Parts, and pride of Hearts, 
pride in Apparel, and Veftures, and Geftures, and in 
Looks, how lofty are their eyes ! New-England is taken 
notice of abroad, for as proud a People, of a profeffing 
people, as the World affords. When a People are humble 
the Lord will ftay with them. If our immunities, which 
are Gods mercies, puffe us up, God will empty us: he will 
blaft that to us that we are proud of. 

2. Deep and high Ingratitude. Do you thus requite 
the Lord? Deut. 32. 6. So the Prophet Hofea taxes 
them, Hos. 2. 8. God gave her Corn, and Wine, and 
Oyl, filver and Gold, but fhe confumed them on Baal. 
We have been bleft but hath God had the glory of our 
bleffings. 

3. Oppreflion. Amos 8. 4. Ye that fwallow up the 
needy. Thefe Jews were like the fifties, the greater did 
devour the lefs. Some are like wild Beafts, like Wolves 
that tear off the fleece, and eat the flefh of the flocks. 
There is more juftice to be found in hell, then amongft 
fome men on earth : for there is no innocent perfon 
oppreifed there. 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

4. Wearinefs of Gods Ordinances. Amos 8. 5. When 
will the Sabbath be done? They that are weary of the 
fervice of God, and the Ordinances of God, they are weary 
of God. God indeed hath fed us to the full, as to Ordi 
nances: and we are glutted, and furfeited, and have loft 
our efteem. When mens Commodities bare but little 
price in a place, they will remove the market ! if Gofpel 
Ordinances are but a cheap commodity, have loft their 
price, and men are weary of them : God will let out his 
Vineyard to another People. If our mercies become our 
burdens, God will eafe us of them. 

5. Coufenage in mens dealings, making the Ephah fmall, 
and the Shekel great, felling the refufe of Wheat, Amos 
8. 5, 6. They pick out the beft Grain for themfelves, and 
the refufe is to fell. 

6. Idolatry, which is Spiritual Adultery, and is there 
nothing of this? chufing of new Gods. 

7. Incorrigiblenefs, or oppofition of a fpirit of reforma 
tion. When God calls to a People to return, by repent 
ance, but they will go on ftill in their fin : God calls to 
them by his judgments, and by his Rod; but they will 
not hear, as tis Jer. 5. 3. Thou haft ftricken them, but 
they have not grieved ; thou haft confumed them, but they 
have refufed to receive Corre6tion : they have made their 
faces harder than a Rock, they have refufed to return. 
When it is thus with a People, God will pluck up and be 
gone; fo Jer. 7. 13, 14. Becaufe they would not hear, 
and would not anfwer the call of God, I will do to this 
houfe as I did to Shiloh, why ? what did the Lord do to 
Shiloh? ver. 12. Go to Shiloh, and fee what I did to it, 

[ -43] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

for the wickednefs of my People Ifrael. Go, and view it, 
and you will fee what he did, he left tokens of his wrath 
upon them, and forfook them. 

2. Another fign of his intent to forfake us, is, in that he 
is dealing with us as he is wont to deal with them that he 
is about to forfake. He takes away thofe that are moftly 
with him. He will take away his Mofes s, thofe that ftand 
in the Gap, and binds his hands with their Prayers, when 
he is defigned to pour out wrath upon a People : he will 
remove the lights, when he is about to darken a land. 
Wife men fend away their Plate, and Jewels, and choice 
things ; it intimates their intention of removal. 

3. Another fign is our Lukewarmnefs, and Indifferency 
in Religion : a ufual forerunner of its removal. When a 
People care not for God, and the things of God, he hath 
left them in fome meafure, already ; and if that Spirit abide 
he will not tarry long with them. 

Ufe i. Of Direction, i. Examine and humble your 
felves, for all your departures from God, your forfakings 
of him ; humble your felves for them, confeffing with bit- 
ternefs your evil therein, bemoaning yourfelves before the 
Lord upon the account thereof. May the Lord hear his 
People, from Dan to Beerfheba bemoaning themfelves, 
Ephraim like, then the Lord will hear, and have mercy, 
and not leave us, for his Names fake. 

2. Judge your felves worthy to be forfaken, becaufe of 
your forfaking of him. If you judge your felves worthy 
to be forfaken, God will not judge you worthy to be 
forfaken, i Cor. n. 31. 

3. Pray the Lord not to forfake you, the Lord is fome- 

[ H4 ] 



ROWLANDSON S FAST DAY SERMON 

times ftaid with Prayers : Prayers have prevailed with his 
Majefty often, and may do again. 

4. Forfake your fins, whereby you have forfaken him. 
Nothing lefs then this will prevent this mifchief, coming 
upon us. If there be any, either Son or Daughter that will 
not leave their fins for God, God will leave fuch. 



[ 45] 



Notes to Rowlandfon Sermon 



[ 47] 



NOTES TO 

ROWLANDSON SERMON 

THE firft fettled minifter of Lancafter, Jofeph, the 
fon of Thomas and Bridget Rowlandfon, was born 
in England in 1631 or 1632. His parents, im 
migrant prior to 1638, fettled in Ipfwich. Their children 
befides Jofeph were: Thomas, who married Dorothy 
Portland in 1654 and died in 1680; Elizabeth, who mar 
ried Richard Wells ; Martha, who married John Eaton. 
The father and mother accompanied Jofeph to Lancafter, 
where the former died in 1657. The widow married 
William Kerley in 1659 and died in 1662. 

Jofeph Rowlandfon was the fole graduate of Harvard 
College in the year 1652. September 30, 1651, at the 
beginning of his fenior year, he was fentenced to the whip 
ping-pod for a fportive prank, and if he efcaped the lafh, 
which is probable, he did fo by paying a heavy fine and 
making a very humble apology. His offence, which the 
Eflex Court dignified into a "fcandelous lybell," was the 
porting upon the Ipfwich meeting-houfe of a fatirical 
fcreed, part rhyme, part profe, directed againft fome de- 
cifion of the court and the marfhal of Ipfwich, the main 
point of which is loft to hiftory. It was then doubtlefs 

L 49] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

claffed as a flagrant cafe of what nowadays is contempt of 
court. He was arrefted at Cambridge and the prefentment 
at Ipfwich is recorded as follows : 

Jofeph Rowlifon appearing before me vpon this Day (Maior 
Denyfon being p r fent) to anfwer a deep fufpicon for being the 
Author or to have had a hand in a <pnitious fcandalous libell againft 
Authority. The faid Jofeph Rolandfon Confefled himfelf to be the 
Author of ye fame. Wherevpon the faid Jofeph is bound to this 
governmt in the fume of 50 1. to appeare at Ipfw c h Court next to 
anfwere the fame & Thomas Rolandfon Sen r as his Suerty is bound 
in the fame fume. iyth fth 1651. [Eflex Court Papers, Vol. 2, 
p. 1 8.] 

At the Quarterly Court of September at Ipfwich the 
judges, Governor John Endicott, Simon Bradftreet, Samuel 
Symonds, Daniel Denifon, and William Hathorne, fen- 
tenced the offender in the following terms : 

Jofeph Rowlinfon for his great mifdemenor in feting up a 
fcandelous lybell the fentance of ye Court is that he mail be whipt 
unlefe he paye 5lb. by Wedenfday come 3 weekes or be whipt the 
next Thurfdaye & 5lb. more when the Court mail call for it, and 
to paye all charges 30 s. for the marmalls goeing with atachmt for 
him to Cambridge and Bofton and fees of Court." 

The " fcandelous lybell " and the humble apology were 
printed by Jofeph Willard in his fecond Lancafter edition 
of Mrs. Rowlandfon s Narrative, 1828, and reprinted by 
John Langdon Sibley in his " Harvard Graduates," Vol. I. 
pp. 3 1 1-313. They are given here, being of intereft chiefly 
as examples of the rhetorical ftyle regnant in the clafs of 
1652, with which the youthful paftor enthralled the pious 
Lancaftrians two hundred and fifty years ago. Jofeph 

[ 50] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

Willard tells that the libel was written upon the two fides 
of a fingle fheet in a difguifed hand, and was preferved in 
the Effex County Clerk s office. It is not now with the 
Court papers in the Salem regiftry, and Mr. Sibley appar 
ently failed to find it in 1873. 

I. Gentlemen I befeech you looke heere and tell me truly 
have I not difcharged my duty very well. I pray bee pleafed to be 
informed further in a long tale of enuie pull me not downe I pray 
til all ye people have fene mee and then turne mee. 

" O God from heauen looke thou downe 

Doe not thy feruants wonder 
To fee thy honour fo abufed 
Thy truth fo troden vnder 

The feete of proud malignant ones 

That loue to giue defpight 
And of thofe that are innocent 

To turne afide the right. 

What could not enuie flopped bee 

Before it had thus gained 
Ouer the truth and what may bee 

By right of lawe mayntayned ? 

What were not Rulers able to 

It totally expell 
Or had not they fome might at leaft 

Its ftrength fomewhat to quell ? 

O blefled God why dideft thou 

Thy rulers all reftraine 
From feeing enuie fully bent 

Its will for to mayntayne ? 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

O enuie haft thou thus preuayl d 

And is thy hand fo high 
That now God s ordinance muft bee 

Proclaim d a nullity ? 

Did euer enuie thus preuayle 

In any generation 
Was euer fuch an a6l as this 

Heard of in any nation ? 

Were euer thofe that God made one 

Deuided thus in funder 
Did euer enuie thus proceede 

Good hearers ftand and wonder ? 

What men doe joyne it graunted is 

Men may againe difleuer 
But what the Lord conjoynes in one 

Difioyned may bee neuer. 

Whence comes it Enuie then that thou 

Doeft this day triumph make 
And in the publick eares of all 

This fundamentall ftake ? 

Tartarian fulphur had expell d 

Or totally obfcured 
The light that long time half was quell d 

In her confcience fo inpured 

And hence I enuie got the day 

Her confcience fo to feare 
Til I at length had found a way 

To put her out of fear 

[ 5 ] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

And fo did I caufe her to fay 

Euen what it was I lyft 
Nor care becing had vnto the truth 

Whether it hit or mift. 

If enuie hath thus deceived thee O woman, and the allurements 
of thy pretended friends confpiring therewith fo brought thee to 
belye thy confcience as it is credibly reported heere in this towne 
wr I live that am fo indifferent in the thing as indeed cannot bee 
otherwife being fo remote from wr you live ; then I doe profefs 
that ye Court did well to free the poore man of his burthen and if 
I knew him I would certainely tell him fo, More ouer me thinks I 
would tell him that he hath indeed done very ill to keep her fo long 
from performing her promife to that fame young-man fo long agoe; 
which if I had knowledge of I could inform him punctually con 
cerning. I pray you therefore that reade this writing inform him 
of my name and direct him to the towne where I Hue and I hope I 
may give him a little fomething for his further eafe fince I heare 
the Court hath proceeded fo farre in that way already. In the 
meane time I have made bold to fend this writing, which leaft it 
fhould mifcarry his hands I did defire the bearer to fet it up in pub- 
licke, that fo he might not bee altogether vn-informed of our Judg 
ment heer in this towne 

BY MEE, JUSTICE PLEADER 

IN THE TOWNE OF CONSCIENCE, 

3000 MILES DISTANT FROM ANY 

PLACE WELL NEERE IN NEWE- 

ENGLAND.i 

II. If I were as the man that is fo caft I would indeede 
haue appealed to y l Court that only by the Lawes of America hath 
to doe in fuch cafes namely ye court of afliftants who haue ye fole- 
power to determine an undeterminable matter heerin by thofe that 

1 Among the Court documents in thia cafe is a fcrap of paper upon which is twice written what 
feems another propofed form of this fignature : " By mee Juftice Pleader in the Towne of Confcience in 
America in new engiand where I faw her triumph in a Green-Chariot ye lady Afterea ridinge in ye right 
boote." 

[153] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

are meere parties but fince it is paft, I would earneftly appeale to 
the Court where God himfelf is Judge, and all the faints men and 
angels are afliftants ; whofe throne is ye heaven of heavens ; there 
the innocent fhall be acquitted and thofe that now fing their enuious 
Trophe (hall be lyable to anfwer for the horrible abufe of yr con- 
fciences in mif-informing and deluding thofe honored Judges that he 
hath upon earth fubftituted. 

GENTLEMEN If any feeme to be offended at my verdict let it 
be given mee under his hand and I will doe the beft fatisfaction that 
the law requires if that ferues not upon liberty of confideration for 
ye fpace of a quarter of an hour (the law afording twelue) for an 
appeale, I rather will lie downe vnder an vniuft cenfure, than be 
troublefome efpecially if all my judges be aturnyes of the oppofite 
party : in the meane time I pray giue the Man whom this paper 
concerns the fame libertie and I hope all will do well 

Remember mee I pray to the Marfhall of Ipfwich and tell 
him that I heare he may be an honeft man in the Judgment of 
charity ; I pray fend me word if he bee not a Ham-all as well as a 
Marfhall for I heare he is uery buifie in euerie bodies matters 

I am a peaceable fonne in Ifraell and am only fome-wt moued 
beyound my wont or wt I commend in my-felf or others by ye 
only remote heare-fay of this prefent bufmefs a matter I doe 
belieue, the like whereof neuer was heard in any nation all this 
duely weighed. 

God fave the Governor and all the honored afiftants and giue 
them long to rule this people with the civil fword and that they 
may vfe the fame in all bene-adminiftration themfelues alone (turn 
ing out all Affociates which are able to corrupt jujiice bee ye caufe neuer fo 
good} 1 and that fo they may do as they will anfwer the great Judge 
another day : 

1 The claufe here italicized was erafed in the original and being deemed an important part of the 
libel the following teftimony concerning it was recorded : 

" Thefe wordi weere blotted in the paper yet weere fo legible that wee diftinctly read them the 
} July 1651 JOHN ROGERS 

JOSEPH PAINE 
MOSES PENGRY. 
I read ye words above written wthout much difficulty. 

W: HUBBARD. " 

[154] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

Good people honour your governor and Magiftrates who are 
the minifters of God for good and I hope as this mans experience 
growes more fan&ified hee will fay they miniftered good vnto him 
in taking away fuch a burthen that the Lord perhaps faw unfupport- 
able for him. 

I heare there is one whom I think they call Dan Rofs in that 
towne lie affure you if he be that I know he is a uery fneaking 
fycophant and I feare one whom God will deale feuerely with fhortly : 
when he lived in our country a wet Eeles tayle and his word were 
fomething worth ye taking hold of. 

Rowlandfon s abject apology preferved in the Effex 
County Court Records at Salem, Book II. p. 18, is as 
follows : 

Forafmuch as I Jofeph Rowlandfon through the fuggeftion of Satan, 
and the evil of my owne heart, by that being ftrongly attemted, 
by the depravation of this too facilly inclined to the perpetration of 
a facl: whofe nature was anomic, and circumftances enormities. 
And being not onely iuftly fufpe6ted, but alfo hauing both an 
inward cognifcance of and an external call (by virtue of Lawful 
Authority before w ch I was convented) to fpeake the truth or at 
leaft not to vtter the contrary. Yet notwithstanding to the Dif- 
honour of God and difcredit of his truth, and to the greife of the 
Godly and in fine the wounding of my owne confcience : did not 
hearken therevnto but rather to the aequivocal delufions with which 
Satan did then beset mee, not onely to the waving but alfo abnega 
tion of the fame. In all which Refpe6ls it feemed good to the 
forefayed Authority, before whom the forefayd convention was 
made to bind me ouer to this Prefent Honored Court to be 
Refponfal for the fame, and being accordingly Now called vnto the 
fame by you r Honored wormips ; I humbly craue your fauorable 
Leaue to Declare as followeth, viz. That as concerning the writ 
ing which I Co Rafhly affixed vnto the Meetinghoufe I doe defire to 

[155] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

abhorre my felfe for my extreme folly in fo doing and I hope the 
Lord hath opened my eyes to See that in my felfe thereby that 
otherwife I might too Late haue Lamented but not timoufly 
Repented of: But in particular I doe acknowledg that I did very 
finfully in condemning that fentence judicially pafled by your wor- 
fhips and putting contempt upon the Coafeflors which it pleafed 
this goverment to honour with power in a fentence with the Hon 
ored Affiftants, and likewife vfing certaine fcurrulous words of the 
Marmal. in all w ch particulars I doe acknowledg & confefle that I 
did miferably abufe My felfe, & that weake Meafure of Knowledg 
which the Lord hath beene pleafed to Beftow upon Mee, and that 
I did w l I ought not to haue done in y l Refpel. In which that 
which I very much Lament is that I haue wronged your Honored 
worfhips and thofe officers for this Commonwealth s good which 
are here conftituted : But that which I much more Lament is the 
Dimonour that hath thereby redovnded to God as well by the writ 
ing it felfe as by that which moft of all hath beene a continual 
greife namely the abnegation of the fame : For all which finful 
offences I humbly craue pardon fo farre as they concerne your 
Honored worfhips, and a Due Confideration of w< vehement temp 
tations I was vnder, which though I cannot Relate, yet I queftion 
not but you r worfhips will confider : Howeuer I confide vpon your 
worfhips pitty and continved prayers that this fall may be to euer- 
lafting gaine. 

Sighned with my hand, attefted vnto with my heart. 

JOSEPH : ROWLANDSON. 

His undergraduate courfe completed, Rowlandfon is 
fuppofed to have fpent the next two years in preparation 
for the miniftry. He probably began preaching at Lan- 
cafler late in 1654, and in 1656 married Mary White and 
was formally invited to a fettlement. It was not until 
March 25, 1656, that the retribution for his youthful 

[156] 



*n of 



i*n of 
n*.lut* 
fang fitfl on*ly iuty 



1*%* da.iun Bctf 



** 




fc a 






j 



/** 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

efcapade was finally clofed by the following record of a 
court held at Ipfwich : " Jofeph Rowlinfon upon his peti 
tion the Court remitted the remainder of his fine." The 
town agreed to pay their young minifter " fifty pounds a 
year, one half in wheat fixpence in the bufhel under the 
current prices in Boflon or Charleftown and the reft in 
other good current pay in like proportions ; or otherwife 
fifty and five pounds a year taking his pay at fuch rates as 
the prices of corn are fet every year by the court." The 
town alfo gave him the houfe in which he lived, and land 
enough about it " for an orchard, garden, yard, paflure and 
the like." 

Mr. Rowlandfon s fervice in Lancafter for twenty-one 
years feems to have been blefled with cordial appreciation. 
He from the firft won the refpeft of thofe among whom 
his lot was caft, and fuccefsfully aflerted his own dignity 
and that of the Church ; for the faucy maiden who contra- 
difted him, and the aged reprobate who would n t come 
under the droppings of the fanctuary, were alike humbled 
and fubje6ted both to civil and ecclefiaflical difcipline. 
When the rude experiences of pioneer life and long attri 
tion with the ftrong and wilful characters about him had 
fupplemented collegiate training, his developed qualities of 
intellect and foul won wide recognition. He had hardly 
attained the ready ufe of mature powers before his life 
ended, and we muft judge of his abilities and graces rather 
by the brief obituary of a contemporary diarift, " his death 
was much lamented," than from any record of deeds or 
words. But when in 1672 there arofe queftions in the 
Old South Church of Bofton, knotty enough to call for 

[i57] 



NOTES TO ROWLANDSON SERMON 

the deliberation of the mofl learned and judicious upon 
their deciflon, Jofeph Rowlandfon was called down from 
his charge in the backwoods to lend his judgment to a 
folution of the problems. 

April 7, 1677, Mr. Rowlandfon was inftalled at Weth- 
ersfield, Connecticut ; not as a colleague of Reverend 
Gerlhom Bulkeley although the hiftorians have all fo 
alleged but as his fucceflbr in the paflorate. He died 
fuddenly November 24, 1678, aged about forty-feven years. 
His library was appraifed at eighty-two pounds, a large 
fum for the times. His pariftiioners teflified their love 
for the man by voting to his widow an annual ftipend of 
thirty pounds, fo long as fhe remained among them and 
unmarried. The only literary remains we have inherited 
wherefrom to read the mental fcope and fancy of the clergy 
man, are the boyifh pafquinade and the Fail Sermon 
hereinbefore reprinted. 



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