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Full text of "A narrative and documentary history of St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church (formerly St. James) of Waterbury, Connecticut : with some notice of St. Paul's Church, Plymouth, Christ Church, Watertown, St. Michael's Church, Naugatuck, a church in Middlebury, All Saint's Church, Wolcott, St. Paul's Church, Waterville, Trinity Church, Waterbury (all colonies of St. John's)"

Gc 

974.602 

W291k 

1964015 



R E Y w- : • ' o H t STO R I C AL 

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Ilf M iimiiS'!?,"?IM,i', PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01105 5669 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/narrativedocumenOOking 



A NARRATIVE 

AND 

DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

OF 

St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church 

(formerly St. James) 

OF 

Waterbury, Connecticut 

WITH SOME NOTICE OF 

St. Paul's Church, Plymouth. 
Christ Church, Watertown. 
St. Michael's Church, Naugatuck. 
A Church in Middlebury. 
All Saint's Church, Wolcott. 
St. Paul's Church, Waterville. 
Trinity Church, Waterbury. 

(All Colonies of St. John's.) 

By 

Frederick John Kingsbury, L.L.D. 



Thb Pricb, Lee & Aokins Co., 

Nbw Haven, Conn. 

1907 



t) 




19G4015 



St. John's ( jiuuch, 187.S. 



Jk 



PREFACE. 

While compiling a sketch of the Episcopal Church for the "His- 
tory of the Town and City of Waterhury" I became aware of material 
which would, or should, interest the present members of the church, 
bui could hardly be properly used in the somewhat circumscribed 
limits of a town history. 

I had it in mind to use these materials at some future time in a 
fuller account, bui multiplicity of duties and increasing years led 
to the postponement and finally to an abandonment of the plan. 

Of late, however, several requests that I would do this work, and 
the fact that, although I have grown no younger, I seem to be rather 
less pressed for time, have led me to make the attempt to carry out my 
former undertaking. 

For the greater part, the text is simply a reproduction of what 
appears in the History, but there are many documents which do not 
appear there, some added notes and commentaries and perhaps a few 
changes. 



This history of the church, which was hefs, both 
by long inheritance and deep affection, is dedicated 
to the memory of Alathea Ruth ScoviU Kingsbury. 



INTRODUCTORY. 

The early settlers of Waterbury came from Farmington in 
1677-80. Farmington was settled from Hartford in 1640, and 
Hartford from the towns about Boston in 1635 and a few years 
later. Waterbury's earlier inhabitants were therefore, histori- 
cally at least, the descendants of Winthrop's immigration of 1630, 
or of those who had joined the same Colony later. About fifty 
years, however, had intervened and probably most of those who 
came to Waterbury were born in this country. 

Nearly all of the early Massachusetts settlers regarded them- 
selves as members of the Church of England, but they had evan- 
gelical leanings and were opposed to what they thought excessive 
liturgical and prelatical observances, — a reforming body within 
the church. They had, howeyer, in this country developed a 
decided church polity of their own, and had practically become 
"Independents." The government was organized on a religious 
basis. The early towns were really churches; the minister was 
"called" in town meeting, and his support was provided for by 
town grants and a town tax. Many of the beliefs and methods 
of the Church of England, as then practiced, were not congenial 
to the immigrants and their descendants, and these beliefs and 
methods were allowed as little foothold or countenance here as 
was deemed consistent with a due regard for the ultimate powers 
of the English government. Time and distance, however, while 
they emphasized and rendered possible a great divergence of 
faiths and practice, softened in some minds early prejudices, and 
a love and longing for the old church and her forms grew up in 
many hearts. Her shortcomings were forgotten, her virtues were 
more clearly seen, especially where they could be favorably con- 
trasted with the deficiencies of the New England system. In this 
way, or in some such way, a preparation for a reaction had for 
some time been going on. 

The year 1722 was a notable one in the history of the Episco- 
pal Church in Connecticut. In that year Dr. Timothy Cutler, 

vii 



INTRODUCTORY. 

rector of Yale college, the Rev. Samuel Johnson, a graduate and 
former tutor of the college and at that time pastor of the Congre- 
gational church in West Haven, and Daniel Brown, a tutor in the 
college and a classmate and intimate friend of Johnson's, all 
declared their adhesion to the Episcopal Church, gave up their 
positions and left for England to be ordained — there being no 
Bishop in this country until some sixty years later. On April 13, 
1723, Brown died of small-pox in England, greatly mourned and 
lamented. The other two were duly ordained and returned to 
this country to pursue their work. 

In this same year, 1722, James Brown, a resident of West 
Haven, then about thirty-eight years of age, a cousin of the father 
of the above named Daniel Brown, and doubtless a parishioner 
of the above named Samuel Johnson, removed from West Haven 
to Waterbury. He lived at Naugatuck on the east side of the 
river, was a farmer and hotel keeper and soon became a somewhat 
prominent man in the new settlement. Some years later he re- 
moved to Watertown, to the place known of late years as the 
Captain John Buckingham place, above Oakville. 

He is said to have been the first Episcopalian in Waterbury. 
Perhaps he had been a fellow-student and investigator with his 
cousin and his pastor. He certainly sympathized with them, 
for his Episcopacy was of so pronounced a character, and his zeal 
so active, that he earned for himself the soubriquet of "Bishop 
Brown" from his jocular neighbors. He seems for some years 
to have been the only incumbent. 

There were, however, doubtless a few persons already here 
who knew something of the Episcopal Church and were well dis- 
posed towards it. Witness the following: The Rev. X. A. Welton 
writes, "Mr. Stephen Hopkins Welton has an old prayer-book 
containing the following inscription, which I copied from it 
myself ' : 

"This book was first the property of my great-grandfather, 
Richard Welton, who was the first male child born of English 
parents in Waterbury and one of the first Episcopalians in said 
town. At his decease it became the property of my grandfather, 
Richard Welton, Jr., and at his decease it became my property. 

viii 



INTRODUCTlOliY. 

I gave it to William S. H. Welton, the oldest son of my nephew, 
the Rev. Alaiisoii W. Welton, dec-eased. Said Samuel (sic) is 
the fifth generation from the original jjroprietor of tliis book and 
the sixth from the only man of this name that was e\'er known to 
cross the Atlantic and settle in these British Colonies. 
All b} I he way of primogeniture. 

Attest: Abi Welton." 

Richard Welton, first named above, was born, accordijig to 
town record, March, 1G80, and by family tradition Sei)tember 27, 
1679, and died in 1755. So he nuiy not have had this book until 
after Mr. Brown came here and the possession of the book is not 
to be taken as proof of his opinions, but from the fact that lu' 
lived at Bucks Hill, at the extreme end of the town from Mi'. 
Brown, and that the Weltons were among the first to join with liim 
it seems likely that they were already wi:ll affected. 

It is recorded that in 1734 Mr. John-^on, then rector at Strat- 
ford ascended the valley of tlie Naugatuck as far as Wateilnny 
and baptized an infant son of Nathaniel C!unn.* Dr. BeardsK'V 
in his History of Episcopacy in ('onneciicut says of this seivice: 
"This was undoubtedly the first instaine in that town of the 
dedication of a child to God "by our offiet! and mini.-lry,' and the 
first occasion on which the forms of th^' liturgy were used by a 
clergyman of the Church of knigland." 

All organized work of the Church of I'higland in this country 
at that time was under the charge of an J^nglish Missionary society 
founded in 1701 and styled "The Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel in Foreign Parts." In later years the society was 
styled "Venerable," and became so well known that for orilinary 
purposes the initials "Ven. S. P. G." were a sufficient description. 
This society continued to have charge of all cluirch work here up 
to the time of the Revolution. It a])i)ointed the clergy, })aid 
their stipends or supplemented them, and received their reports. 



♦Presumably Abel, boru August Hi, 1731. 



TABLE OF CON'i ENTS 

Preface . . . . . , . . . . . iii 

Dedication ........... v 

Intuoductory . . . . . . . . . . vii 

Illustrations . . . . . . ... - xiii 

OilAPTER 1. 
The Mission Parish of St. James ....... 1 

ClIAFrER II. 
The Parish of St. James and St. Jdhn ...... '^iO 

Transition Pei.iod 

CHAPTER 111. 
The New Era .......... ^5 

CllAFfER IV.. 

Additional Memoranda ........ ^^ 

CHAPTER V. 
The Laity . . . . . . . - . • . /I 

CHAPTER Vl. 
Music ........-••• ''^ 

CHAPTER VI 1. 
Trust Funds .....-•-••■ ^'-^ 

CHAPTER VII 1. 
Extract from Records .....•.-■ '^*j 

OH A ITER IX 
Real Estate . . . . . • • • • .111 

CHAl'TER X. 
Church Officlrs .....-■••• 1"-' 

CHAPTER XI. 
Tax Rates and Baptisms by .Mr. M.vnsfield ..... 133 



CtlAPTER XII. 
St. Peter's Church, Plymouth ....... 139 

CHAPTER XI [I. 
Christ Church, W.\ I b^RTow'N ........ 141 

CHAPTER XIV. 
St. Michael'.s Church, N.\.ug\tuck: ...... 149 

CUAITER XV. 
A Church in Middlkrurit . . . . . . • . .153 

CHAPTER XVI. 
All Saints' Church, Wolcott ....... 1 j4 

CHAPTER XV 11. 

St. Pauls' Church, Waterville ....... IGU 

CHAFFER XVIII 
Trinity Church, Waterbory ........ 1&2 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



St. John's Cuiufca 1S7.5 . . . . . 

17'j7 

lS3a 

1843 

" " Ani;u Tin: HiuH Wind, Ja.nmjary 

" FiKi;, Ui:o. '21, ISGS 
Plot of St. Jami:-;' Cninu:ii Lot, 1713 

POUTHAIT OF Kl.V. JaCUU L. (.,'LAUK, [).D. . 

" " " Edmund Rowland, IXD. 
" " " John N. L:::wi.-5, hi. 

" FllANCls'l. RUSSKLL, D.D. . 

" RiCHAUi) W. Micou, D.D. 

" " ■' FrEDERICLv D. IjUCIvLEY 

St Paul's Chai'el. \V'Ari;RviLLE 

Trinity Church, 190(J ..... 



I'J, IS 





l\uiL 


. -U 

■la 


57 




•IS 

. ij 
. ;id 

. 57 

58 

lit) 

lii5 

17i) 

. IGO 

. li)2 



CHAPTER 1. 

THE MISSION PARISH OP ST. JAMES. 

1732-1799. 

WHEN the Eev. Dr. Benjamin Trumbull, of North Haven, 
was collecting material for his History of Connecticut, 
he wrote to Judge Joseph Hopkins of Waterbury, who 
was at that time presiding judge of the New Haven County Court 
and the leading citizen of Waterbury, for information relating to 
the history of the Episcopal Church in that town. 

Judge Hopkins was not an Episcopalian and he turned the 
inquiry over to Capt. John Welton. Captain Welton was a pros- 
perous farmer who lived in the North part of the town on Bucks 
hill. He was one of the leading men of the town. For years he 
and Judge Hopkins together had represented the town in the 
General Assembly. He was one of the leading men in the Epis- 
copal Church. The letter which he wrote in reply to this inquiry 
shows him to have been a man of excellent judgment as to what was 
essential in a letter of this kind : of remarkable memory as to facts 
and of skill in their arrangement beyond what we could expect in 
one of his practical habit and training. This letter has been the 
basis of the history of the parish ever since: indeed we know very 
little about it up to that date, beyond what this letter tells. 

The parish was first called St. James and the name was not 
changed until the erection of the new (second) church edifice in 
1797, about two years before Captain Welton^s letter was written. 

Two years after the writing of this letter Judge Hopkins died. 
Perhaps in any event Captain Welton would have been called upon 
for these facts and dates but we cannot help feeling that it was 
fortunate that Judge Hopkins was called upon to select the man 
and that he should have selected Captain Welton to reply to Dr. 
Trumbull's inquiries. The letter is still among the Trumbull 
papers in the library of Yale College and is as follows : 

1 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



Waterbury, March 15, A. D. 1799. 

Dear Sir:— The following is the best answer I can give to 
your questions. In the year of our Lord 1733, I was then about 
ten years old, I believe there was not more than three or four 
churchmen in town. About that time, or before, there was one 
Arnold, I suppose an itinerant preacher, preached to them a few 
times. What became of Arnold I know not. Afterward Dr. John- 
son of Stratford and Mr. Beach of Newtown officiated occasionally 
a few times in Waterbury. The state of Episcopacy was much the 
same with the addition of but few names until about A. D. 1742 or 
three, when a considerable number of families came over to the 
church and a house for worship soon after began to be built. In 
the meantime one Morris from Europe was sent over by the Society 
for the propagation of the Gospel, etc., to take in Waterbury and 
several other churches, but he soon returned to Europe. Morris 
was succeeded by one Lyon, another of the Society's missionaries. 
He was ovey Derby and Waterbury, did not reside in Waterbury, 
but officiated there about one-third of the time, but I believe within 
one or two years was removed to Long Island. After Lyon was 
the Eev. Dr. Mansfield. He came into the mission about A. D. 
1749, resided at Derby and officiated at Waterbury one-third of 
the time until about the year 1758, vv^hen the Rev. Mr. Scovil came 
into the Mission of Waterbury and New Cambridge. He resided 
in Waterbury, officiated there one-half the time until about 1771, 
when the Mission was divided and Mr. Nichols took New Cam- 
bridge, now Bristol, and Northbury, now Plymouth, and left 
Waterbury and Westbury, now Watertown, to Mr. Scovil, where 
he officiated until about 1785, when he removed to Nova Scotia. 

All the above clergymen received their ordination in London. In 
the year 1792 we settled Mr. Hart. He continued in the Mission 
until 1795, then removed to Wallingford. In the year 1797, the 
Rev. Mr. Bronson came into our service. He hath since been set- 
tled and is now rector of the Episcopa,! Church in Waterbury. 

2 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

Thus Sir, I have done the best I could to answer your inquiries 
not having many memorandums or records to direct me, but I 
believe the above facts are stated nearly right. 

I am, Sir, yours to serve, etc., 

John Welton. 

Joseph Hopkins, Esq. 

(Added to the above by Judge Hopkins.) 

There is a library in the first Society in Waterbury composed 

of about 116 volumes consisting of books on Diviniiy, History, 

Geography and Novels, and the Proprietors have laid a tax vrhich 

is also proposed to enlarge it considerably. Also one in Salem 

and one in liliddlebury. 

Joseph Hopkins. 

Rev. B. Tbumbull. 

This note by Judge Hopkins, evidently in reply to an inquiry, 
is inserted here because it is thought worth preserving. 

The "first society" here means the First Ecclesiastical Society, 
geographically. The Second Society was "Salem Bridge" now 
Naugatuck. In the early history of the State the Ecclesiastical 
Societies (Congregational) were incorporated by the Greneral As- 
sembly and set off by metes and bounds, and when a society was 
incorporated as a town the same geographical lines were usually 
followed. Thus the Society of Northbury became Plymouth, that 
of Westbury became Watertown, that of Salem Bridge, or, as it was 
called many years in all legal papers, the "Second Society" became 
Naugatuck, and Middlebury became Middlebury. Wolcott was 
taken partly from Waterbury and partly from Southington, Pros- 
pect was taken partly from Waterbury and partly from Cheshire, 
and Oxford partly from Waterbury and partly from Southbury 
and Derby. 

Jonathan Arnold, who is mentioned by Captain Welton as the 
first incumbent, was the eldest son of Jonathan and Elizabeth 
Arnold, of Haddam, Connecticut, where he was bom, January 11, 
1700-01. His father in his vrill (December 1728) leaves to this 
son only two acres of land, "which with the expense of his edu- 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

cation I account a large double portion of my estate." (It was 
at that time a custom, though not a law, to leave to the eldest son 
a double portion.) 

He studied theology, and was licensed to preach by a commit- 
tee of the Hartford North Association in 1724 (after June 2). 

Early in 1725 he was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
Church in West Haven, Connecticut, — the people stipulating that 
if he should (like his predecessor, Samuel Johnson) embrace Epis- 
copacy, the money paid to him as a settlement should be refunded. 

Johnson, however, conducted occasional services within the par- 
ish and was able to gain an influence over the young minister, so 
that in December, 1733, he could report to the Bishop of London 
that he had reason to believe that Mr. Arnold would in a little time 
declare for Episcopacy; and on the next Easter Sunday (April 14, 
1734), Arnold received his first communion from the hands of 
Johnson, at Stratford, In May or June he was dismissed from his 
pastoral charge in West Haven, and in 1735 he went to England 
for orders. He was received with attention, and Bishop Benson, 
of Gloucester, to whom Mr. Johnson had commended him, sent 
him to Oxford to receive there (March 8, 1735-6) the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts. 

After a tedious voyage he arrived at Boston on his return, 
July 1, 1736, with an appointment as Itinerant Missionary for 
Connecticut of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, with his residence in West Haven. The chief 
places where he labored, besides West Haven, were Derby and 
Waterbury. His salary was only £30 a year, but as he was pos- 
sessed of some private means he desired no more. The event by 
which this portion of his life was chiefly made memorable was his 
attempt in the fall of 1738 to take possession of a lot of land 
facing on the Town Green in New Haven, on the strength of a 
deed (dated March 26, 1736) from William Grigson, of London, 
to himself, by which this land was professedly given for 
the erection of an Episcopal Church, and as glebe land for a 
minister. Grigson's title was regarded as imperfect and Arnold's 
attempt to take possession was resisted by a mob of students and 
townspeople. He seems to have failed in discretion in his con- 

4 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

duct, both in this and in some other matters, and being of " a very 
unsteady disposition," in the latter part of April, 1740, he was 
transferred to Staten Island, as the missionary of the Venerable 
Society, in charge of St. Andrew's Church, at a salary of £30 a 
year. From this charge he was dismissed June 21, 1745, in con- 
sequence of complaints from the wardens and vestrymen. 

In April, 1746, being still at Staten Island, he brought suit in 
the New Haven Court for the recovery of a debt. 

From this date he disappears from view, except in the glimpse 
afforded by a letter of the Rev. T. B. Chandler, to the Rev. Dr. 
Johnson, dated Elizabethtown, New Jersey, February 26, 1753, 
as follows: — 

" I had the pleasure of receiving your favor of January 29, and 
am sorry to tell you that Mr, Arnold did nothing in his will for 
his children in New England. Mrs. Arnold was left sole executrix, 
and everything her husband died possessed of was left to her dis- 
posal. 

However, she says she is willing that his children in New Eng- 
land should come in for a share with her own child in whatsoever 
he left in your parts; and I believe she will not recall it. As to the 
temper of mind in which Mr. Arnold left the world, I find that he 
had his reason for some months before his death, which he retained 
to the last. But I have not heard what remarks or reflections he 
made on his past life, and what was the moral disposition of his 
mind." 

No will appears to have been proved, either in New Jersey or 
New York. 

His first wife, to whom he was married April 4, 1728, was 
Abigail, only child of the late John and Abigail (Hollingworth) 
Beard, of Milford, a large heiress. (In Milford town records, 
adjoining the entry of this marriage is also the entry of a marriage 
of the same bridegroom to Mrs. Sarah Miles, July 29, 1728; some 
inexplicable error lurks in the latter entry.) Mrs. Abigail Arnold 
was living in May, 1739, when she joined her husband in a deed 
of land in New Haven. 

Whitefield, in his visit to the Colonies in November, 1739, fell 
in with Arnold, and was so disgusted with him as to take the trou- 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

ble of writing a letter (from Philadelphia, November 27) to the 
Secretary of the Venerable Society, warning him that, in the 
writer's opinion, Arnold "is unworthy of the name of a minister 
of Jesus Christ." "I have been," he continues, "in his company 
several times and was obliged to reprove him openly for his 
misconduct." Arnold had already printed in New York, Novem- 
ber 17, a warning against Whitefield, reprinted in the Boston 
News-Letter; they had been thrown together in coming from 
Philadelphia, and Arnold had sought out Whitefield, in New York, 
at the house of "Mr. Smith, the lawyer" (Y. C. 1719). 

Prof. F. B. Dexter's Yale Biographies. 

In several cases I have taken Prof. Dexter's biographies 
entire, knowing that they were of the highest authority and 
usually exhaustive. 

Dr. Tilotson Bronson in his article in The Churchman Magazine, Vol. 4, 
p. 129, says "sometime in the year 1737, a Mr. Arnold, an itinerant missionary 
of the S. P. G., performed divine service for the first time according to the 
rites of the church, when he baptized two infants, both of whom were lately 
living and one is still a respectable member of the church." Of course Dr. 
Bronson got his information from tradition and had undoubtedly confused 
the service jjerformed by Dr. Johnson in 1734 at Gunntown with what he sup- 
posed to have been done in 1737 by Mr. Arnold. Mr. A. was the regular 
missionary here and any service of this sort by him would not be of particular 
note. The following is from the town records, vol. 5, p. 21. 

Jan. 29, 1738-9. Whereas Thomas Porter was chosen at annual meeting 
of 1736 to collect ministers rate and had a Ust of the rate to be gathered com- 
mitted to him in which list several persons were included imder the title or 
denomination of churchmen and so allowed in the list for the year 1736. 
These are therefore to certify all whom it may concern that I the subscriber 
have received in full of the several persons contained in said list under the 
said Denom, as their several sums are set down and do hereby acquit and 
discharge the above said collector from all demands from me or my heirs: I 
having I say been, I say received in full by me, Jonathan Arnold. 

Attest : John Southmayd, 

Town Register. 

The Reverend Theophilus Morris the next rector mentioned 
by Capt. Welton, resided in Derby. He was an Englishman. 
One of his contemporaries, the Rev. Mr. Johnson, wrote of him: 
"He is in many respects a gentleman of good accomplishments, 

6 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

but it does not seem likely that he will suit or be suited with the 
disposition of these country people, so that I very much doubt 
whether he will be happy in them or they in him, and I wish that 
he was better provided for and that some young man previously 
acquainted with this country, or that could suit his disposition to 
it, were provided for them. 

One reads between these lines pretty clearly what Mr. Morris's 
limitations were. He seems to have been a well meaning man 
with considerable energy, but his zeal was not according to knowl- 
edge; he involved himself in difficulties with his brethren here 
and he soon after returned to England apparently to his own and 
their relief. 

Mr. Morris's successor was the Rev. James Lyons, an Irishman 
by birth, of whom the historian of the church says that "if he 
had genius and zeal, he was another example of a tiller in the field 
that needed a special missionary to watch him and keep him from 
running his plough upon the rocks." Mr. Lyons was here about 
four years. He resided in Derby and preached one-third of the 
time in Waterbury. During these years, notwithstanding some 
defects in the missionaries in charge, the church had greatly 
increased. In the year 1740 the famous Whitefield preached 
throughout New England, and his preaching was followed by a 
condition of intense religious excitement. The result of this was 
to turn the attention of the staid and moderate portion of the 
community to the more quiet and conservative methods of the 
Episcopal church, and there followed a great accession to the 
Episcopal ranks. Dr. Henry Bronson says: "The prosperity of 
the Episcopal church in Waterbury dates from about 1740." It 
is said that twenty-five heads of families transferred their member- 
ship at one time from the Congregational to the Episcopal Society. 

The reason given was "dissatisfaction with the doctrines of 
that church and the exclusive views of its ministers." The 
point having most weight seems to have been the restricting of 
the privilege of infant baptism to children of parents both of 
whom were in full communion of their church. 

Dr. Tillotson Bronson in an article in the Churchman's Maga- 
zine for 1807, entitled "History of the Church in Waterbury" 
says: y 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

"Being thus strengthened, it was resolved to erect a church. 
A subscription was accordingly opened; and as this document is 
still in being, bearing date 1742, it ascertains who were the names 
then considerable in the parish, which are as follows, viz: 

James Brown Daniel Porter 

John Barnes Jonathan Prindle 

Thomas Barnes John Southmayd 

Joseph Bronson Richard Welton 

Nathaniel Gunn Richard Welton, 2d. 

John Judd Eliakim Welton 

George Nichols Ephraim Warner 

Thomas Osborn Ebenezer Warner 

Most of these men left a numerous progeny who belong to the 
church." 

This was written in 1807, and he mentions that Thomas Osborn 

is still living aged 91. 

Mr. Lyon's successor was the Rev. Richard Mansfield. He 
was the son of Deacon Jonathan Mansfield of New Haven and 
was born there, October 1, 1723, and graduated at Yale college 
in 1741. For five years he was rector of the Hopkins Grammar 
school, and as during this time he connected himself with the 
Episcopal church (the Hopkins Grammar school being distinctly 
a Congregational institution) and still continued for some years 
to hold the position, it is evident that even at that early age he 
must have possessed a rare combination of firmness, gentleness 
and attractive traits of character. In 1748 he was ordained in 
England and appointed a missionary, on a salary of £20 a year, 
to the villages of Derby, West Haven, Waterbury and Northbury, 
and established himself at Derby, that being a convenient point 
for the cure of this extensive charge. On October 10, 1751, he 
married Anne, daughter of Captain Joseph Hull of Derby. She 
had reached at that time the mature age of fifteen years and four 
months.* 



♦Early marriages were more common then than now and there may havo heea 
other extenuating circumstaucea. I do not know what they were. Perhapa she was 
very pretty. 

8 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

Her elder sister had, the preceding summer, married the Rev. 
Mark Leavenworth, the Congregational minister of Waterbury. 
For ten years Mr. Mansfield administered the affairs of this large 
district with faithfulness and success. After Mr. Scovil took 
charge of the parishes in this neighborhood, Mr. Mansfield re- 
stricted his labors to Derby and vicinity, and there he lived, 
universally beloved and respected, until April 2, 1820, when he 
died in the ninety-seventh year of his age, and the seventy-second 
of his ministry: one of the longest, if not absolutely the longest, 
of pastorates on record. His Alma Mater in 1792 conferred upon 
him the degree of D. D., he being the first Episcopal clergyman 
to whom she extended that honor. He was one of the persons 
proposed to succeed Bishop Seabury, but declined to be a candi- 
date. In his ninety-sixth year he presided over the convention 
which elected Bishop Brownell. His life has been fully treated 
in the History of Derby and elsewhere. 

In January, 1740, certain persons "calling themselves Church- 
men" remonstrated against paying Mr. Southmayd the £100 
voted him. Their names fifteen in number, were spread upon 
the town record and the list is interesting. Here it is: — 

Ephbaim Warner, Nathaniel Merrill, Caleb Thompson, 

Daniel Porter, Obadiah Warner, James Williams, 

Robert Johnson, Richard Welton, Thomas Barnes, 

James Brown, Joseph Smith, Abraham Warner, 

Benjamin Warner, Ephbaim Warner, Jr., Samuel Bbown. 

(The above list is copied from the manuscripts of the late 
Bennet Bronson. There is no record of town meetings between 
December, 1738, and December, 1740. One leaf, perhaps more, 
■of the record book is missing. It may have been lost in binding. 
The missing portion was in existence some thirty years ago, as 
proved by the manuscripts referred to.) — H. Bronson' s History. 

The following vote was passed by the town December 13, 1742: 

Upon the request of Dr. Benjamin Warner and others, the 

town, by vote, gave liberty to set up a church on the highway. 

North of Edmund Scott's house lot against the apple trees in said 

Scott's lot by the highway, and appoint the present townsmen 

9 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

with John Southmayd a committee to agree with said Scott to 
get some of his lot, if they can have it upon reasonable terms that 
the house may be better accommodated and the highway less 
incumbered. This is the action referred to by Dr. Tillotson 
Bronson. 

For some reason not now understood, the ground above des- 
ignated, and which is nearly the same as that on which the present 
Episcopal church stands, was not obtained or not improved, and 







SS 




A 








o \ 

If 






n 

n 




^^ 


^^%^r^^ 





Lot for St. James' Chxjrch, 1743. 

a year afterwards the town gave to William Selkrigg the liberty 
to place a house on it. 

At a town meeting held April 10, 1743, several of the denomi- 
nation of the Church of England declared that they were about 
to set up a church and petitioned that if they purchased a place 
to set it upon the town would help them. The town considering 
their motion did by vote agree that provided they purchased a 
place of any particular person to set their house upon and set it 
accordingly they might have liberty to draw twelve pound in 
money Old tenor bills out of the town treasury to purchase the 
same. The site had already been selected and preparations for 

10 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

building made. Although the sum of £12 was named in the deed 
as consideration (perhaps to make the acceptance of the town's 
gift legal), the lot was really presented to them by John Judd 
and is described as taken from his house lot. It was on the north- 
east corner of West Main and Willow Streets, the lot now owned 
by Mrs. Charles M. Mitchell, and is described as forty-five feet on 
the south side, twenty-eight feet on the west, fifty feet on the 
north and thirty-nine feet on the east. March 6, 1784, Judge 
Joseph Hopkins leased to the committee of the Society a strip five 
feet wide on the north and east sides of the church lot. Why the 
lot should have been put in such peculiar shape when the land was 
open in either direction it is hard to see. 

By deed dated November 23, 1797, the whole lot was sold to 
Jesse Hopkins, son of Judge Hopkins. The church and parish 
bore the name of St. James. In those days church buildings were 
not warmed, but it was customary to have a small building in 
the neighborhood, with fire place, where those who came from a 
distance could spend the hour between services and be warm 
and comfortable while they ate their luncheon, and could fill 
their foot stoves for the afternoon service. 

These buildings were called Sabbath-day houses, or, in the 
language of the time, "Sabbady houses," A building of this sort 
containing several rooms stood on South Willow Street near 
where is now the residence of Mrs. William Brown. 

In February, 1743-4, the Church-of-England-men determined 
on a movement to obtain parish privileges. Without such privi- 
leges they could not lay taxes for building a church. Before 
going to the Legislature, however, they applied to the town to 
secure its good will. The town, in a liberal spirit, resolved that 
it would not oppose them in their application. Their petition, 
signed by thirty-eight persons, came before the Assembly in 
October, 1744, and was rejected. Here is the paper: 

The Memorial of the subscribers being Professors of the Church of Eng- 
land and inhabitants of the Town of Waterbury in New Haven County, by 
their agent Doct. Benj. Warner of sd Waterbury, Humbly sheweth— 

That whereas you Honours Memoriallists, being Professors of the Church 
of England, and bound in Duty to carry on the Worsliip of God amongst ua 

11 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



from which there arises considerable charges that are Necessary in order 
thereunto, as building a church and Keeping it in Repair with many other 
things of the Like Importance, Which charges (as we your Humble Memori- 
alists think) could be Defrayed More conveniently by a Tax upon each per- 
son accordin to their list, as such charges are in the Parishes established by 
the Laws of this colony. And there being no Law of this colony Enabling 
us to Lay and Gather such Taxes, Humbly pray that your Honours, in your 
Great goodness, would be pleased to Grant us Parrish Previleges in Every 
particular (the School only excepted) as the Parrishes have established accord- 
ing to the Constitution of this Government, and your Memorialists as in Duty 
bound Shall ever pray. 

Waterbury, April 22d, 1744. 



Jonathan Scott, 
John Barns, 
Gershom Scott, 
Gamaliel Terril, 
Robert Johnson, 
Thomas Welton, Jr., 
Timothy Porter, 
Nathan Hubbard, 
Benjamin Pritchard, 
Thomas Welton, 
Nathan Prindel, 
Ebenezer Judd, 
Dr. Ephraim Warner, 



Stephen Welton, 
Zebulon Scott, 
Eliakim Welton, 
John Alcock, 
Joseph Brunson, 
James Browne, 
James BIiowne, Jr. 
Joseph Browne, 
Daniel How, 
John Browne, 
Thomas Barnes, 
Moses Brounson, 
Daniel Porter, 



Benjamin Warner, 
John Judd, 
Obadiah Warner, 
Jonathan Prindel, 
Isaac Selkrigg, 
Nathaniel Merrill, 
Richard Welton, 
Joseph Judd, 
Richard Welton, Jr., 
Edmund Scott, Jr., 
Ebenezer Warner, 
George Nikols, 
JosiAH Warner. 



This catalogue of names may be supposed to represent nearly 
the entire strength of the new denomination at the date of the 
petition. I notice, however, the absence of three names which 
were on the paper of subscriptions for a church, to wit, Nathaniel 
Gunn, Thomas Osborn and John Southmayd, Jr., and of five 
names which are on the list of those who protested to the paying 
of Mr. Southmayd the £100 in 1740, to wit, Joseph Smith, Caleb 
Thomson, James Williams, Abraham Warner and Samuel Brown. 
Of these eight, John Southmayd, James Williams and Samuel 
Brown had died and Caleb Thomson had already, probably, 
removed to Harwinton. If we add the remaining four, all Church- 
men (and all of whom were living in Water])ury in 1744, unless 
Joseph Smith is to be excepted), to the thirty-eight petitioners, 
we have a total number of forty-two individuals, representing 
probably over two hundred persons, who were "professors (or 

12 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

adherents) of the Church of England," at this time. {Dr. H. 
Branson's History of Waterhury.) 

This was an era of prosperity for the parish. It received 
several valuable gifts of land from the members (See Chapter on 
Real Estate) and a rectory was built by subscription. This was 
on land given by Oliver Welton and must have been not far from 
where the late F. L. Curtiss's house now stands. It was the third 
lot from Willow street. Oliver inherited it from his grandfather 
John. He gave it, while yet a minor, with consent of his guardian, 
the Rev. John Southmayd, and confirmed the deed after he at- 
tained his majority. (See Chapter on Real Estate). 

Oliver Welton, considered as one of the most important benefactors of 
the Episcopal Church of Waterbury, (the land spoken of being regarded as a 
donation), was a son of John and a grandson of John, Sen., (an original pro- 
prietor). He was born December 24, 1724; served through the old French 
war; held the rank of ensign and afterwards of Ueutenant; was in the action at 
Lake George and (according to the Churchman's Magazine) at "the repulse 
at Crown Point when the gallant Lord Howe was killed." Of those scenes 
he would speak, in his old age, with the greatest emotion, till tlie tears flowed 
and his utterance waa choked. He died November 10, 1809. — (Henry Bron- 
sons' History.) 

In 1759 Mr. Mansfield gave up the northward end of his large 
mission field and was succeeded by the Rev. James Scovil, who 
took charge of Waterbury, Northbury, New Cambridge (now 
Bristol), and later of Westbury, now Watertown. He fixed 
his residence at Waterbury, thus becoming the first resident 
rector. He was the son of Lieutenant William Scovil and grand- 
son of Sergeant John Scovil, who was one of the original settlers 
of the town. He was born January 27, 1732-3, and probably in 
the house on Willow street long known as the "old Johnson 
House," which was taken down, after being partly destroyed by 
fire, in 1889, being at that time by far the oldest house in town. 
This house was built by Sergeant John Scovil for his son William, 
and left to him by a nuncupative will recorded in Woodbury, to 
which district Waterbury then belonged, in 1725. About the 
time of James's birth, William Scovil exchanged places with 
Abram Utter and removed to that part of Westbury known as 
Nova Scotia hill. The dates on the record indicate that this 

13 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

removal took place subsequent to the date of James's birth, but 
there was a tradition in the family that he was born at Nova 
Scotia hill probably arising simply from the fact that his father 
lived there. When James Scovil was about ten years old, his 
mother, who was a daughter of John Richards of Waterbury, 
having died, his father married Elizabeth, daughter of James 
Brown, before mentioned as the first Episcopalian in Waterbury. 

Whether she brought Episcopacy into the family I cannot 
say, but it came about that time, as William Scovil's name appears 
as a member of the Congregational Society in Westbury not long 
before. When James Scovil was about twenty years of age, an 
injury which rendered him lame for a time and placed him under 
the care of Dr. Porter in Waterbury made him turn his attention 
to study. He lived during this time with the Rev. Mr. South- 
mayd, who found him so apt a scholar that he urged his parents 
to give him a college education. This being approved, he at once 
began his classical studies. He remained with Mr. Southmayd 
until cured of his lameness, and completed his preparation for 
college at home, probably under the care of the Rev. Mr. Trum- 
bull. He graduated at Yale in 1757. 

A year afterward the vestry of St. James Parish voted to con- 
tribute to the expense of his journey to England for ordination 
and to give him £20, sterling, a year, provided he got nothing at 
hum, and half of whatever he might get at hum, and the use of 
the glebe. "Hum" then meant England, although few of those 
vestrymen, perhaps none, had ever seen it. At the same meeting 
it was voted that we give him £22. 10s. sterling to carry him 
hum. On April 1, 1759, he was ordained in Westminister Abbey 
by the Bishop of Rochester, and returned as a recognized mission- 
ary under the auspices of the "Ven. S. P. G." He was presented 
by the society, at his ordination, with a folio Bible and Prayer- 
book, bound in one volume, for use in the church.* 



* After doing duty here for many years, it was by vote of the Society presented 
to the Episcopal inhabitants of the towns of Columbia and Waterbury in Ohio. Some 
years since, Isaac Bronaon of Medina, 0., a son of Dr. Tillotson Bronson, finding that 
the book was no longer used, made arrangements to have it brought back to this place, 
where it now remains in the church, in a case with suitable inscription. It has th6 
seal of the "Ven. S. P. G." and bears the imprint of 1737. 

14 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 



The following document was found among the papers of St. 
Peter's, Plymouth, by the Rev. Dr. Gammack; " Northbury in 
Waterbury, July ye 27, A. D. 1758. 

We the Subscribers due prorase to pay each one of the sums that we sub- 
scribe in this paper unto Lieut. Jacob Blakeslee and David Blakeslee by the 
first day of October next ensuing the date hereof; and we the subscribers do 
by these presents acknowledge ourselves to be firmly bound to the said Blakes- 
lees to pay to them the sums that we subscribe by the 1st of October aforesaid, 
and the money it to be delivered by the said Blakeslee to Mr. Scovill in order 
to help him to go home to England for ordination for Ordination for Water- 
bury, Northbury and Cambridge for to be our minister. 

£ 8. d.qr. 

tb Thompson, . . 11 0.0 Mary Way, . 

.cCastel, . . . 16 11.2 David Way, 

bel Castel, . . .0 8 5.3 David Blakesle 

)hen Blakeslee, .0 7 6.3 Jacob Blakesle( 

diah Scott, . . .0 5 3.1 Mary Ford, . 

nezer Ford, . . 1 5 5.1 Enos Ford, . 

es Blakeslee, . . 10 1.0 Ruben BlakesU 

nezer Allin, . . 15 9.3 
There is also a memorandum of payments showing that Abel Curtis whose 
name does not appear as a subscriber, paid 1 shilling; also the following: 
" Over paid by me, Jacob Blakeslee, to Mr. Scovill, 4.18.5." 

Mr. Scovil continued in his mission, ministering with success 
to his several charges, until the disturbances of the Revolution 
cut off the assistance of the Society in England.* (For details see 
copy of records.) Then followed a period of great hardship for 
Episcopal congregations. They naturally S3niipathized with the 
mother country and thus drew upon themselves and especially 
on the clergy, much suspicion and frequently open hostility. 
Mr. Scovil, though much respected by his neighbors, did not 
escape his share. On one occasion, when returning with his cows 





£ 


s. 


d.qr. 




£ 


s. 


d.qr 


Caleb Thompson, . 


. 


11 


0.0 


Mary Way, . 




6 


6.0 


Isaac Castel, 


. 


16 


11.2 


David Way, 




6 


7.3 


Asahel Castel, . 


. 


8 


5.3 


David Blakeslee, 


2 


1 


8.2 


Stephen Blakeslee, 


. 


7 


6.3 


Jacob Blakeslee, 


1 


6 


1.2 


Obediah Scott, . . 


. 


5 


3.1 


Mary Ford, . 





9 


5.0 


Ebenezer Ford, 


, 1 


5 


5.1 


Enos Ford, . 








11.0 


Moses Blakeslee, 


. 


10 


1.0 


Ruben Blakeslee, 





8 


8.2 


Ebenezer Allin, 


. 


15 


9.3 











*In 1766, a number of the clergy "accidently convened" addressed the venerable 
society on the tumults growing out of the Stamp Act, and assured their ecclesiastical au> 
periors that they and their people "will steadily behave themselves as true and faithful 
subjects" and as "Obedient sons of the Church of England." This is signed by James 
Scovil and four others. Hawks & Perry's, Vol. II, p. 81 

Dr. Johnson, in December, 1775, writing in regard to political troubles, says: 
"The Worthy Mr Scovil and the venerable Mr. Beach have had still better success. 
Scarce a single person is to be found in any of their several congregations but what hath 
persevered steadfastly in their duty and loyalty " (Hawks and Perry's Com. Ch. Doc. 11 
p. 198, 199. 

15 



HISTORY OF ST, JOHN'S CHURCH. 

from a pasture on the west side of the river, just at night-fall, he 
discovered a man loading a musket in the borders of a wood, 
whose conduct awakened his suspicion. He immediately hastened 
to him and asked him pleasantly if he saw any game. The man 
replied, rather angrily, "I should have shot you if you had not 
spoken to me, for I knew you were a tory." He then advised him 
to leave his cows and take the shortest course home, or he might 
fall a victim to others who were greatly incensed at him and 
might not be appeased by being spoken to. Mr. Scovil thought it 
best to take his advice, and leaving his cows crossed the fields, 
waded the river and hastened to his home. Party spirit seems, 
however, to have run very high just then. He did not feel safe 
in his own house, and leaving it at night he secreted himself in 
a barn which belonged to him on Long Hill, where he remained 
hidden for some time, various members of the family supplying 
him with food. One of his sons, returning on one occasion from 
this place of concealment, was met by two soldiers, who took 
his horse from him and compelled him to walk as a prisoner to 
Stratford (about thirty miles), where he was detained some time 
in confinement. He had been guilty of no overt act, and naturally 
resented this treatment. (The Rev. Dr. Clark, in a memorandum 
in regard to Mr. Scovil, says: "I met this son in New Brunswick 
in 1844. He was then near eighty years of age, having resided 
there about sixty years, and every wound seemed as fresh and 
sensitive as when first inflicted, upon what he termed 'the rebel 
soil of the States.' He averred that no temptation that earth 
could present would ever induce him to set his foot on soil where 
he had received such unprovoked and cruel wrongs." Some of 
his brothers and sisters, however, did not share his feelings and 
visited here occasionally as long as they lived.) 

At the close of the war the English society and the British 
government offered liberal inducements to loyalists who should 
remove to the British colonies. It seemed impossible, in the dis- 
turbed condition of things, for the parishes here to give Mr. 
Scovil an adequate support, although they offered to do all that 
they could. In 1788, after having visited New Brunswick and 
officiated there for several summers (returning to spend the 

16 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

winters with his people here), he removed there with his family- 
five years after the close of the war — thus terminating a connection 
of almost thirty years with the parish. He became rector of 
Kingston in New Brunswick, where he died December 19, 1808, 
in the fiftieth year of his ministry. He was succeeded by a son 
and by a grandson in the same parish. His wife, who was a 
daughter of Captain George Nichols, a prominent citizen of Water- 
bury, died in 1835, aged ninety-three. All his family went with 
him except his oldest son James, who married about this time and 
settled here, and who continued to occupy his father's residence, 
near the corner of North and East Main streets but fronting on 
East Main Street. The barn where the Rev. Mr. Scovil was hidden, 
which stood on almost the highest point of Long hill, was acci- 
dently destroyed by fire only a few years since. Dr. H. Bronson, 
in his History (page 302), quoting in part some other authority, 
says of him: 

"Mr. Scovil was known for punctuality and faithfulness in 
the discharge of his duties. He taught his people from house to 
house, comforted the aged, instructed the young and made him- 
self agreeable to children. He had a grave and becoming deport- 
ment and was sound in doctrine." There is a sermon of his 
extant and bearing a record of the places where it was preached. 
It is very much like other sermons of this period. 

The following inscription to the memory of father and son 
appears on the Chancel Window in the old Church, Kingston, 
N. B. 

"The Rev. James Scovil, the first Rector, took charge of this Mission in 
1788, and lived to 19th December, 1808, the 76th year of his age, and 50th of 
his ministry.' ' 

"His Son, the Rev. Elias Scovil, succeeded him as Rector, and lived to 
10th February, 1841, the 70th year of his hfe, and the 40th of his ministry." 

" Each, after he had served his own generation, by the will of God fell-on- 
sleep and rests here beneath the Chancel." 

In the Vestry Room of the same Church may be seen two 
tablets in memory of these clergymen, with the following 
inscriptions : 

17 



(I.) 



(11.) 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, 



In memory of 

REV. JAMES SCOVIL, 

Born 9th Feb'y, 1733, in Water town, 

State of Con., ordained Presbyter 

By the Bishop of Rochester, 

8th April, 1759, employed as a 

Missionary by the Venerable 

Society at Waterbury imtil 

the year 1788, when he waa 

removed by the said Society 

to Kingston, Province of New 

Brmiswick, and constituted the 

first Rector of Trinity Church, 

over which he presided until 

the 19th Dec, 1808, when he 

departed this hfe 

in the 76th 

of his age, and in the 

50th of his ministry. 



In memory of 

THE REV. ELIAS SCOVIL, 

who as a missionary of 

the Ven. Society 

P. G. F. ministered during 

38 years in this Parish, 

from 1803, as assistant 

to his father 

THE REV. JAMES SCOVIL 

at whose death, in 1808, 

he succeeded as Rector, 

and having discharged 

the Pastoral office with fideUty 

he died February 10th, 1841, in the 

70th year of his age, 

and the 40th of 

his ministry. 



18 



THE MISSION PARISH OF ST. JAMES. 

After a careful reading of the parish records I am inclined to 
modify somewhat my views given as above in the History of Water- 
bury, as to the reasons of Mr. Scovil's leaving this parish and 
going to New Brunswick. Although the parish undoubtedly felt 
poor and must have been keenly alive to their loss of the pecuniary 
aid and moral support of the Ven. S. P. G. (they had during forty 
years received over $6000. in money and many books) they never- 
theless met these misfortunes with great courage and voted that 
if Mr. Scovil would remain with them they would pay him £45 
a year for half his time, leaving him to get what he could for the 
other half from the adjoining parishes which he supplied, and 
this apparently not having proved acceptable, they voted to unite 
with Westbury and ask him upon what terms he could remain, 
which indicated a willingness to pay him any reasonable sum. 

After considering all the circumstances I am inclined to believe 
that Mr. Scovil did not leave the parish for lack of support but 
from other motives, and, I presume, largely through the influence 
of his children. The feeling that his son had has already been 
shown, and doubtless these feelings were shared by other members 
of the family. He probably felt that the Episcopal Church when 
deprived of the support of the S. P. G. and of the power of the 
British government would be greatly handicapped in the States 
and the offers of the British government to Clergy going to the 
provinces were quite liberal, and their social position was assured. 
Nevertheless, before deciding to remove he deemed it best to 
spend several seasons there and test the condition of things for 
himself, and at last, probably not without some misgivings, he 
yielded to what I suspect was the importunity of members of his 
family and decided to make the change. 

Mr. Scovil was a man of influence in the community while he 
remained here and had the respect of his brother clergy through- 
out the Diocese. He owned a good deal of land and probably 
farmed it as was the custom with clergymen of those times. His 
son James, who remained here took the real estate which he held 
here. He had one negro man Dick, a native African, who at one 
time belonged to Deacon Stephen Bronson, who was Mr. Scovil's 
next door neighbor. Perhaps he was sold to Deacon Bronson on 
Mr. Scovil's removal. Dick lived to a great age and finally died 
in the poorhouse but was always looked after and, to some extent, 
provided for by the Scovil family. 

19 



CHAPTER II. 

THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 
THE TRANSITION PERIOD. 

THE parish had now become an independent organization. 
The fostering hand of the Ven. S. P. G. had been provi- 
dentially withdrawn and hereafter they were to be self 
sustaining if sustained at all. They accepted the situation. They 
do not seem to have been troubled by it. They felt that they 
were able to care for themselves. There may have been regrets 
but no murmurs come to the surface. All the business matters 
of the parish moved along as before. They were rather weak in 
numbers but not weaker than other parishes around them whether 
of Congregationalists or Episcopalians. There also seems, on the 
whole, to have existed a condition of pleasant relationship between 
the two denominations. This is shown by the vote of the town 
(which at that time practically represented Congregationalism) 
when the Episcopalians built their church. Social relations were 
not greatly affected. Inter-marriages were common and although 
there was doubtless a pretty solid sub-stratum of prejudice on 
both sides it was not often brought to the surface. 

A story is told that one of the daughters of a prominent Epis- 
copalian wished to borrow a horse and sent to a neighbor for that 
purpose; the messenger brought back word that his horse was 

lame, but that , another neighbor (who was a Congre- 

gationalist) had a good horse. The mother to whom the message 
was given replied "Oh, my! that's no use, Roxa couldn't ride 
anything but a church horse." 

This may be offset by another. There was some discussion 
of an Episcopal family and the question was asked. Are they pious? 
Walleyes — I spose so, that is. Episcopal pious. But these were 
prejudices which a wider knowledge of the world served to dispel, 
and they did not greatly interfere with neighborly borrowing, 
lending and gossiping, and marrying and giving in marriage. 

December 3, 1787, when it had become clear that Mr. Scovil 

20 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

was to leave them, the society voted to settle a minister and have 
his service in preaching half the time. Some little time elapsed 
before they succeeded in finding a man whom they liked and who 
was willing to come. Correspondence was had with Rev. Messrs. 
Ives, Hall, Foot, Prindle and Blakeslee and each of them preached 
here more or less. Meantime in reply to a proposition to unite 
with Westbury, Salem and Bristol for one-fourth of a clergyman's 
time for each, this society voted that they wanted "one-half." 
At length, May 28, 1789, it was voted to give Mr. Solomon Blakes- 
lee a call for one-half the time at £40 a year and his firewood, to 
be increased to £45 as the list of the church increases. 

Mr. Blakeslee was a graduate of Yale college, in the class of 
1785, was ordained deacon at St. Paul's church, Norwalk, June 3, 
1789, and priest at Middletown by Bishop Seabury in 1793. As 
his service here was in 1789 it must have been immediately after 
his ordination as deacon. He afterward succeeded Bishop Sea- 
bury in St. James's parish. New London, and served at several 
places in the eastern part of the State. He died in 1835. 

At a meeting June 16, 1790 it is voted (" Rev. Chauncey Prindle 
present, etc.") from which it would appear that Mr. Blakeslee had 
left and Mr. Prindle was probably in temporary charge. 

Chauncey Prindle, the only son of Eleazar and Anne (Scovil) Prindle, of 
Waterbury, Connecticut, and grand-son of Jonathan and Rachel (Hickox) 
Prindle of Waterbury, was born in that town on July 13, 1753. His mother 
was a sister of the Rev. James Scovil. He graduated at Yale 1776. 

He studied theology — probably under the superintendence of his uncle — 
and officiated as lay reader in the Episcopal Church in Watertown during 
part of Mr. Scovil's (the rector's) absences in New Brunswick, which began in 
1785 and ended in his final removal in the summer of 1788. 

On June 1, 1787, he was ordained deacon by Bishop Seabury, and there- 
after gave about half of his time to the parish in Northbury, now Plymouth. 
He was advanced to the priesthood by Bishop Seabury, in New London, on 
February 24, 1788, and was now regularly employed as Rector of Christ 
Chvu-ch, Watertown, with a salary of £30 — half of his time being given to St. 
Peter's Church in Plymouth, which furnished £37. 10s. to his salary. 

He resigned his charge in Watertown at the end of the year 1804, but 
continued to officiate in Plymouth until 1806, when lie resigned to enable 
that parish to be united with the parish of St. Matthew's in East Plymouth 
(organized in 1792) under one rectorship. 

21 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

He was then employed in the same vicinity, to give a portion of his time 
to St. Michael's Church, in the neighborhood known as "Gunntown," in the 
western part of Salem Society, now Naugatuck; and in 1807 removed to the 
neighboring town of Oxford, and for a few years divided his services between 
the churches in these two localities. He also officiated for a time in Christ 
Church, in that part of Woodbridge which is now Bethany, and in 1815-17 
he had charge of Trinity Church in that part of Derby which is now Seymour. 

During his last years he lived on a farm in the northern part of Oxford, 
near the borders of Southbury, and died there, in poverty, on August 25, 1833, 
at the age of 80, and was buried in the cemetery at Gunntown. His wife 
Rosanna died on October 22, 1840, aged 85 years. Their two daughters 
(born about 1784-93), who died shortly before their parents, are commemo- 
rated on tombstones in the same locality. 

He is described as a most worthy and indefatigable man, a pattern of 
punctuality in the discharge of his duty. One authority says that he was 
noted for a sound and forcible intellect and stern integrity, but was orthodox 
and firm in his principles. It is related of him that he swam his horse 
through a high and dangerous flood in the Naugatuck River rather than fail 
in an appointment for a service. 

A gravestone was erected to his memory by surviving friends and parish- 
ioners " as a token of their high regard for his character, his zeal, his fidelity, 
his talents and his work both as a man and a minister.' ' 

A brief historical account from his manuscripts of the Episcopal Societies 
in Plymouth and Watertown is printed in the Chronicle of the Church, Vol. 3, 
No. 134 (New Haven, July 26, 1839), pp. 236-37. 

September 13, 1790: Voted to invite Mr. Foot to serve two- 
thirds of his time and to pay him § of £85 s. m. (sterling money) 
and his wood provides he reside in this society. 

David Foot was born in Marlborough, October 5, 1760, gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth college in 1778, was ordained deacon at New 
London by Bishop Seabury, June 11, 1788, and was then appointed 
to serve in Hebron and Chatham. In October of the same year 
he was ordained priest at North Haven. After leaving here, 
he became rector at Rye, N. Y., where he died August 1, 1793. 

On November 13, 1784, Dr. Samuel Seabury, having been 
selected for the office by the clergy of this diocese in March, 1783, 
at a meeting held in Woodbury, was consecrated Bishop of Con- 
necticut at Aberdeen, Scotland, becoming thus the first bishop 
of the American church. He reached this country in 1785, and 

22 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN, 

in May, 1786, a committee from the parish waited on him at 
Stratford and desired him to visit Waterbury. He could not do 
so at that time, but in October 1, following, it is recorded that he 
confirmed here two hundred and fifty-six persons. That must 
have been equal to about one-tenth of the population, and the 
occasion was one of profound rejoicing among "churchmen." 
This, too, was in the darkest days of the church here, before Mr. 
Scovil had finally left, but when he was preparing to go, and when 
they were as sheep without a shepherd. 

August 27, 1791, after several ineffectual attempts with other 
clergymen they voted to call Rev. Seth Hart for one-half the time. 

In October, 1791, the Rev. Seth Hart, who had been officiating 
for some time previously as lay reader, was ordained deacon by 
Bishop Seabury at Watertown, an agreement being made that he 
was to officiate here half the time, the other half to be divided 
between Salem and Woodbury. His salary was £40, lawful 
money, the first year, to be increased £1 annually until it reached 
£45, and the use of the glebe. I suppose this was equal to about 
$150, but it was in "ready money," which went a great way in 
those days, and the use of the glebe was doubtless of considerable 
value. Mr. Hart's ministry here is said to have been quite suc- 
cessful, but he only remained about two years after his ordination, 
and then removed to Wallingford. It is recorded that he was a 
good scholar, an amiable man, a successful teacher and an accept- 
able preacher. While here he owned and occupied the place 
next south of St. John's church (Mrs. E. M. Burrall's), including 
the ground where the church now stands and several acres of 
adjoining land. When he left, several liberal persons bought 
his place and presented it to the church, the old rectory before 
mentioned having become unfit for use during Mr. Scovil's rector- 
ship. It was afterwards sold, and the present site was repur- 
chased about 1847. (See chapter on Real Estate.) 

The following sketch of Mr. Hart is taken from the Mss. 
of an address delivered at the Bi-centenary of St. George's 
Church, Hempstead, L. I., by Rev. Howard Falkner, A.B.B.D., 
Rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore, Md., for the use of 

23 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

which I am indebted to the kindness of James Shepard. Esq., 
of New Britain. 

Rev. Seth Hart, M.D., was born in Kensington parish, Berlin, Conn., 
June 21, 1763, son of Matthew and Elizabeth (Hopkins) Hart. He graduated 
at Yale College in 1784 and studied medicine and seems to have practiced 
for a short time. In 1788 he married Ruth Hall, daughter of Benjamin Hall 
of Cheshire. She is said to have been a very attractive and superior woman. 
In 1790 he decided to give up the medical profession and become an Episcopal 
clergyman. He was almost immediately assigned to duty as a lay reader in 
the parishes of Waterbury, Woodbury and Salem. Waterbury was his place 
of residence and he remained here about two years when he removed to Wal- 
lingford. For the next four years he had charge of Christ Church, Wetliers- 
field, but resided in Worthington Parish which is mostly in Berlin. 

In 1797 he made a journey to Oliio as an agent of the Connecticut Land 
Company, taking charge of the second party of exploration, the first having 
gone the previous year under Gen. Moses Cleveland. 

It seems that Mr. Hart was not only a clergyman and a doctor but a prac- 
tical land surveyor which made him a very desirable person for a position of 
this sort. Near Cleveland one of their party was drowned in crossing a river 
and was buried at Cleveland, Mr. Hart officiating, and soon after his arrival 
he was called upon to solemnize a marriage. He also preached to his own 
party on Sunday and these are supposed to be the first services of the Epis- 
copal Church in that part of the State of Ohio. On his return he resumed his 
pastoral duties. He was evidently a good 'all around' man. 

It seems that Mr. Hart was also a natural mechanic. He invented a 
machine for shearing cloth, and one for making nails, which was patented 
January 14, 1799. His interests in mechanics was a very strong one and he 
probably spent a large part of his time and money over inventions. 

In 1800 he was elected Rector of St. George's, Hempstead, L. I., and there 
spent the remainder of his life. He died March 14, 1832. 

He seems to have been a man of a rather remarkable range of knowledge, 
and fairly successful in all that he undertook. 

The affairs of the parish and its people were now clearly pros- 
pering. The old St. James's church, at the corner of Willow 
Street, had been occupied nearly fifty years, and both the needs 
and the pride of the parish demanded a better house. In April, 
1793, during the Rev. Mr. Hart's ministry, a committee was 
appointed, "to agree upon a place to set a church and the bigness 
of the same," and in September following, having voted that the 
society were willing and thought it necessary to build a church, 
Eli Curtis, Esq., Jude Blakeslee and Captain Amos Bronson were 

24 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

chosen a committee "to set a stake for the place where to build 
a church," and the town appointed a committee to agree with 
them.* 

At a Town Meeting held by Adjournment on the 16th Day of Sept. 1793. 

Voted: That Messrs. Aaron Benedict, Joseph Hopkins, Esq., Capt. Benja- 
min Upson, John Kingsbury, Esq., & William Leavenworth be a Committee 
to meet and agree with a Committee from the Episcopal Society on a place 
where the said Episcopal Society Shall build a Church or Meeting House and 
when the Place is agreed upon by the said Episcopal Society And approved of 
by the Committee now Appointed by the Town, then the Committee now 
appointed are hereby authorized to give the assent of the Town thereto. 
Town Meetings, Vol. 2, p. 105. 

The following action seems to be a recognition of the location: 

Waterbury 7th of December A. D. 1797, Then, was laid out a piece of land 
for a highway on the south side of the green in the center of the town 
between the new Church and Israel Holmes land lying north of a straight 
line from the gate of the Door yard of the Glebe house to the Northeast 
corner of Wd. Susannah Bronsous house containing seventeen rods and a 
half of land and in the whole land that Ard Welton bought of Capt. Samuel 
Judd & Israel Holmes. 

Richard Welton, } Selectmen. 
Noah Baldwin, i 
For a valuable consideration I the subscriber do release and by these presents 
forever quit claim all my right. Title, Interest in the land taken for the above 
mentioned highway as a highway forever. 

Reed Dec. 19th, 1797. Witness my hand, Ard Welton. 

A true record. Attest. 

John Kingsbury, Register. 
Highways Vol. 2, p. 373. 

Before this the South line of the green had run diagonally 
north west from the Bronson land to near the corner of the 
present church. Church Street was not yet opened but this 
action set the line back to correspond with the south side of the 
street further east. 



♦These gentlemen were all non-residents. Eli Curtis was a lawyer residing in Water- 
town and I think Mr. Blakeslee and Captain Bronson were both from Plymouth. Difficulties 
and heart burnings so frequently arose in those days from differences of opinion as to the 
proper location of churches and schools that it was quite customary to call in a committee 
of disinterested persons from neighboring towns to "set a stake." Whether this parish 
in its wisdom avoided all trouble by appointing the committee at the outset, or whether 
some difficulties had already arisen. I do not know. That there were difficulties, however, 
very clearly appears. 

25 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Whether the above named committee acted or not, the record 
does not show, but in December following another committee, 
namely, John Wooster of Derby, Thomas Atwater of Cheshire and 
Abner Bradley of Woodbury, were appointed, and this time under 
the sanction of the county court, which had jurisdiction when ap- 
plied to in such matters. Still they were not quite satisfied, and in 
the following March the court and committee were asked to place 
the stake five rods further south, so that the first stake must 
have been driven very nearly where the Soldiers' monument is. 
Both these stakes were set on ground belonging to the town. 

On February 9, 1795, a vote was passed directing the committee 
to "build a decent, well-furnished church fifty-four by thirty- 
eight feet, with a decent steeple on the outside, at the east end of 
the same." By arrangement already referred to the church was 
placed on public ground at the west end of the green. 

This church building was a great credit to the parish. Its 
gallery windows were arched at the top — a feature which was 
supposed to give it a churchly appearance — and it had a tall, 
slender, gracefully tapering spire, on the top of which shone a 
bright gilt star, with a handsome gilt vane just beneath. David 
Hoadley was the architect. The interior was divided into square 
pews with seats on three sides; the ceiling was arched between 
the galleries; the pulpit was high, with winding stairs on each 
side and the reading desk in front of it below. They were of dark 
wood, probably cherry. The robing-room was near the entrance 
of the church. After reading the service, which was done in a 
surplice, the minister walked the length of the church to the 
robing-room, laid aside his surplice, returned and slowly mounted 
the long pulpit stairs in his black gown. If done with dignity 
this was quite an effective part of the service. The crowning 
glory of the church consisted of two large fresco paintings, 
one at either end of the arched ceiling of the church on the pedi- 
ments over the pulpit and over the choir gallery. As I remember 
them, they occupied the whole of the pediments, or ends of the 
arch. They were painted in different shades of green on a white 
ground. The subject of that over the pulpit was the baptism of 
Jesus by John in the river Jordan. The Jordan was a very res- 

26 




St. John's CiiurcHj 1797. 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

pectable stream, looking nearly a quarter of a mile wide in the 
picture, and the landscape on the further side was quite inviting. 
I always thought, while looking at it, of the hymn: 

On Jordan's stormy banks I stand, 

And cast a wistful eye 
To Canaan's fair and happy land, 

Where my possessions lie. 

I could not swim, and the idea of "crossing the Jordan," which 
was a popular synonym for entrance into the next world, was not 
inviting. The river seemed altogether too deep to wade. The 
picture at the other end was a village green on which was a 
church — the church, I suppose, in which the picture was — with 
rather stiff trees and a long row of people moving toward the 
sanctuary, conspicuous among whom was the rector, marked 
by his shovel hat. To my boyish eyes these pictures were mar- 
vels of art. 

At the same time that this church was being built the Congre- 
gational society was erecting one at the other end of the Green, 
and a healthy spirit of emulation was doubtless of considerable 
advantage to both buildings. The new church was consecrated 
by the name of St. John's on November 1, 1797, by Bishop Jarvis.* 

The following is the formal Act of Consecration. The petition 
is in the handwriting of Lieut. Michael Bronson, son of Esquire 
Ezra Bronson, who had a local reputation as a chirographer. 
The sentence of Consecration appears to be in the Bishop's own 
hand. 

Forasmuch as Almighty God has been pleased to put it into the hearts 
of the Parishioners of the first Protestant Episcopal Church in Waterbury 
to build a new Church in said Parish, for the Celebration of his Worship 
according to the Liturgy of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United 
States of America, and has in the course of his good Providence enabled them 
to complete the same: and as it is their full purpose and earnest desire that 
the said new Church, to be called St. John's Church, be dedicated to the Wor- 
ship and service of Almighty God, according to the Liturgy aforesaid. 

Therefore the said Parishioners being legally Assembled in Society 
Meeting in said Parish on the Twelfth day of October, Anno Domini 1797 did 



*So far as can be discovered Mr. Green had left at the time of the consecration and 
the chiuch was without a rector. 

27 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

unanimously resolve and Vote, to request the Right Reverend Doctor Jarvis, 
their Diocesan Bishop, to attend in, and Consecrate the said new Church to 
the Worship of God according to the Liturgy aforesaid, and at the time of 
said Consecration a Deed of Dedication should be made and dehvered in 
common and usual form — And the said Parishioners at the aforesaid Meeting 
did unanimously Vote that the Church Wardens, Messrs. Ephraim Warner, 
Hermon Munson, together with Messrs. Seba Bronson, Isaac Benham and 
John Cossett be a Committee to Execute and Dehver in the name of said 
Society, said Deed of Dedication — ^Therefore persuant to the several Votes 
of said Society above referred to, and for the Reasons aforesaid — We the said 
Church Wardens and Committee of said Society Do by tliese Presents for our- 
selves in the Capacity aforesaid, and for the rest of the several Members of 
said Society Successors, Dedicate, Appropriate, Give and Grant the said 
new Church, by us and them erected unto Almighty God our Heavenly 
King and Father, to be consecrated and sett apart for the use of his Holy 
Worship and Service according to the Liturgy aforesaid — Divesting ourselves 
of all Right and Title, and disclaiming all Authority ever hereafter to employ 
it in any common or profane use — And we the said Church Wardens and Com- 
mittee do now acquaint the Right Reverend Doctor Jarvis our Diocesan 
Bishop herewith, and in behalf of said Society do request that he would Con- 
secrate the said new Church to Almighty God and sett it apart to be forever 
hereinafter employed in his holy Worship and Service, hereby promising in 
behalf of said Society and their Successors, as far as in us Ues, to take care of 
the Repairs of said Church, that it may be kept, together with its Furniture, 
Sacred Utensills and Books in a decent state for the celebration of Divine 
Service; And also that we will as God shall enable us, endeavour always to pro- 
cure and support a Minister in Priests Orders, to Celebrate Gods Holy Wor- 
ship in said new Church, according to the Liturgy aforesaid. 

IN WITNESS whereof we the said Church Wardens and Committee (in 
behalf of said Society) hereunto sett our hands and seals this first day of No- 
vember, Anno Domini, 1797. 

In presence of 

Reuben Ives, Ephraim Warner, 

David Badger, Herman Munson, 

Seba Bronson, 
Isaac Benham, 
John Cosset. 

Be it known to all whom it may concern, that on the first day of Novem- 
ber in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, the 
foregoing instrument of Dedication was presented unto us, the Bishop of 
Connecticut, at the Holy Table, by Ephraim Warner, the senior church War- 
den, and openly read before the congregation there 8«serabled. And that in 

28 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

consequence thereof the said Church, called St. John's Church, was, on that 
day, duly consecrated, and set apart for the worship and Service of Almighty 
God forever. 

In Witness whereof, we have hereunto affixed our Episcopal Seal, the 
day and year above written, and the first year of our consecration. 



Sigil, Episc. Connect. 



(signed) Abrm. Connect. 

After Mr. Hart's departure the pulpit was partially supplied 
for a time by the Rev. Alexander V. Griswold and by the Rev. 
William Green. Of Mr. Griswold nothing more need be said here 
than that he subsequently became Bishop of Massachusetts. 
The Rev. William Green was a graduate of Dartmouth college 
in 1791. He was ordained deacon by Bishop Seabury at New 
London, October 18, 1793. To the record of the ordination the 
bishop adds: "Mr. Green was ordained on my own personal 
knowledge of him and on recommendation of Rev. Dr. Bela 
Hubbard of New Haven; he was licensed to preach and purposes 
to go into Maryland." The Dartmouth college catalogue says 
that he died in 1801, aged thirty. Where he spent the few years 
that intervened between his service here and his death I have not 
learned. 

Soon after the completion of the church, in Decembei', 1797, 
the Rev. Tillotson Bronson, who had officiated here and in Bristol 
for some months, became the rector, with the agreement that he 
was to officiate here three-fourths of the time and one-fourth in 
Salem society. His salary was $250. In June, 1806, not feeling 
able longer to support his family on this sum, and the parish 
being unable (or unwilling) to increase it, he preached his farewell 
sermon, and retired, with the approbation of the bishop and the 
good will of the people. 

Dr. Tillotson Bronson (D. D., Brown university, 1813), was the son of 
Captain Amos Bronson of Plymouth, whose residence was at Jericu on the 
Naugatuck river. He was born there January 8, 1762, fitted for college with 
the Rev. John Trumbull, Congregational pastor of Watertown, graduated at 
Yale in 1786, studied theology with Dr. Mansfield and Bishop Seabury, was 

29 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

ordained deacon September 11, 1787, and priest February 24, 1788. He 
preached for a year in Vermont and New Hampsiiire, which was the missionary 
ground of that period: then for a while in Boston and at several places in 
this state, and also taught school. While in Waterbury he lived in a house on 
Grand Street which was taken down in 1882 to make room for the Baptist 
church. He owned the place and sold it to his successor, the Rev. V. H. 
Barber. From Waterbury he went to New Haven to take charge of the 
Churchman's Magazine, a periodical then recently established, wliich he con- 
tinued to edit with ability for some years. Only a few months, however, after 
leaving Waterbury he was appointed by the Convention principal of the 
Episcopal Academy at Cheshire. He removed there, and after a long and 
successful career as the head of that institution he died September 6, 1826. 
He was a prominent man in the church and plenty of material exists for a 
fuller biography, but it relates to his life after leaving here. 

I notice on the record (as a sign of progress) that on August 19, 
1799, a committee was appointed to procure subscriptions to 
purchase a bass viol. On December 8, 1803, it was "voted to 
dignify the pews." This consisted in allotting the seats in the 
church to the members of the congregation according to their 
^'dignity," the standard being a fixed one, based partly upon 
age, partly on the amount of tax paid and partly on ofiicial or 
social standing. 

Dr. Bronson was succeeded by the Rev. Virgil Horace Barber, 
who remained here from June 16, 1807, until May 6, 1814. He 
was a son of the Rev. Daniel Barber of Claremont, N. H. He was 
ordained deacon June 9, 1805, and priest, September 20, 1807. 
I have not been able to learn where he was educated, but he was 
a scholarly man and a superior teacher, and while here main- 
tained a school of high order. He doubtless discharged his min- 
isterial duties with zeal, but it was as an inspiring and instructive 
teacher that he did most for the generation to whichjhe belonged, 
and his influence was long felt. It is said that he required his own 
family, including the pupils who resided with him, to converse 
in Latin. He was, however, eccentric and somewhat unpractical. 
I find this entry on the parish records when he had been here but 
six months: 

"December 29, 1807. Voted to send Mr. Justus Warner to the town of 
Claremont, N. H., to know the reason of Mr. Barber's not returning to this 
town, and to give Mr. Warner $14. for his expenses." 

30 



THE PARISH OF ST, JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

There were no telegraphs, and letters had evidently failed. 
We know that Mr, Barber came back, but why not sooner remains 
a mystery. He left here to become principal of an academy at 
Fairfield, N. Y., but two years Jater (in 1816) became a Roman 
Catholic, and, placing his wife and children in a convent, went, 
July, 1817, to Rome, and after a period of study became a priest 
in the Society of Jesuits. A clergyman who had known him here 
visited him in Rome, and found him an inmate of a Jesuit college 
under the name of Signor Barberini, clothed in the habit, and 
practicing the austerities which belong to the order. After his 
return from Rome he went in 1822, by direction of his superior, 
to Claremont, where he established a Roman Catholic church. 
Later he was sent on a mission to the Indian tribes in Maine and 
to various towns in that state where there were Roman Catholic 
residents without pastors. He was afterward assigned to duty 
in Maryland and that vicinity. He died at Georgetown, D. C, 
March 27, 1847. 

The Rev. Daniel Barber, the father of Virgil H. Barber, was a native 
of Simsbury, and was born October 2, 1756. In 1827, when he was seventy- 
one years old, he published, at Washington, D. C, a pamphlet entitled " His- 
tory of My Own Times," which is of considerable value as a picture of the 
period. He was a soldier in the Revolution and kept a diary, portions of 
which are contained in his pamphlet and are also copied in the sketch of Sims- 
bury in Barber's Historical Collections of Connecticut. The Barbers seem to 
have been an independent family, much given to speculative theology (the 
main source of recreation for thinking people in those times), and always having 
the courage of their convictions, if not a httle to spare. Daniel's father and 
mother each had their own views and stood by them. "They could never 
agree," says Daniel, "as to their points of faith." When Daniel was twenty- 
seven years old he became an Episcopahan, at thirty an Episcopal clergyman 
and at sixty-two a Roman Catholic. This was in 1818, when he pubUcly 
announced his change and left his church in Claremont. There seems to be 
some discrepancy in the several biographical statements as to whether the 
father or son first entered the Roman Catholic church. The probabihty is 
that the father started first, but the son outstripped him in the race. It is a 
sad story throughout, such a spirit of self-sacrifice and such a lack of sense. 
When Virgil H. Barber made up his mind to become a Roman CathoHc priest 
he was thirty-four years old and his wife twenty-eight, and they had five 
children and no means of support. The mother and children were placed in 
a convent, and the father went to Rome to study. All became prominent in 

31 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

the church of their choice. Mrs. Barber was known "in reUgion" as Sister 
Mary Augustine (or as it was frequently written, Austin). She died at George- 
town, D. C, January 1, 1860. Their son, Samuel Joseph, became a priest of 
the order of Jesuits, and died in Charles county, Md., February 23, 1864. The 
youngest and last surviving member of the family, Sister Mary Josephine, 
died at the Convent of the Visitation in St. Louis (about 1892 or 3.) The fol- 
lowing sketch is taken from a St. Louis paper : 

THE FIRST NOVICE. 

DEATH OP AN HISTORICAL BISTER AT THE VISITATION. 

Sister Mary Josephine Barber died at the Visitation Convent on Cass avenue on Wednes- 
day night at 1 1 o'clock. She had been a sufferer from cancer for two years. Her name is 
famous in the annals of the Catholic Church of America, and she herself had been, for over 
a half century, a member of the order. Her grandfather, Rev. Daniel Barber, a native of 
Connecticut, was a minister of the Episcopal Church, but became a convert to Catholicity. 
In 1807 be baptized Fanny Allen, daughter of Gen. Ethan Allen, who is known in Catholic 
history as "the first American nun." Her father. Rev. Virgil Horace Barber, was also an 
Episcopalian minister, and he too was converted to Catholicity. He became a Jesuit, and 
his wife, Jerusha Barber, became a Visitandine nun, under the name of Sister Mary Augus- 
tine. Besides his eon, Samuel Barber, joined the Jesuit order. Four daughters became 
Ursuline nuns. They died in Canadian convents. Sister Mary Josephine, the Visitandine, 
was the last survivor of this religious family. 

She was born in 1817, and was educated at the convent in Georgetown, D. C, where 
her mother was a nun. In 1833 a colony of eight sisters was sent to Kaskaskia, 111., to 
found a convent, and she, then Miss Barber, accompanied them. They arrived at Kaskas- 
kia on May 31, and she entered the novitiate in the summer of that year. She was professed 
by Bishop Rosati. In 1836 her mother was sent to the house, and remained there till the 
spring of 1844. The high water of that year compelled the removal of the convent to St. 
Louis, and mother and daughter were in the immigrating party. They continued to enjoy 
each other's company until 1848, when Sister Mary Augustine was sent to Mobile. She 
died in 1860. 

Except a little while that she spent beside the death-bed of her mother. Sister Mary 
Josephine was employed since 1844 as a teacher at the St. Louis Convent. She excelled 
especially in poetry, music and painting. She had some of the most distinguished ladies 
in the country as pupils, among them Mrs. Hancock, wife of the late Gen. Hancock. She 
was of a most amiable disposition, very modest in speaking of herself. Two years ago she 
was induced to write a history of her family for the "Catholic Memoirs of Vermont and 
New Hampshire," but tells little of herself. Some of the passages, however, are most 
affecting, as, for instance, her description of being taken to the Georgetown Convent when 
2 years old and refusing to go to her mother, as she did not recognize her. She states 
that the five children were present when father and mother made their vows in the George- 
town Convent Chapel, she as a Visitation nun, he as a Jesuit. When she was 15 years old 
she made her confession to her father, and afterwards, she says, "I went back to the parlor, 
and my father, who seemed more delighted than I was myself, took me up under the arms 
and jumped me several times half way to the ceiling, exclaiming 'My babyl my baby! ' " 

Besides the " History of My Own Times' ' Daniel Barber wrote ' 'Catholic 
Worship and Piety explained and recommended to a very near Friend and 
Others," — a pamphlet, Washington, 1821. See also "Catholic Memoirs of 
Vermont and New Hampshire," by Bishop Goesbriand, Burlington, Vt., 18S0, 
and Griffin's Journal, Philadelphia, June 1, 1894. 

32 



THE PARISH OF ST. JAMES AND OF ST. JOHN. 

In September, 1814, the Rev. Alpheus Geer was invited to 
become rector, at a salary of $600. "provided Gunntown will pay 
one-third for his services one-third of the time." Gunntown it 
will be understood was the Episcopal church in the second (Salem) 
Society, now Naugatuck, the church there being in the Gunn- 
town district. The vote as finally passed was to pay him $400 
for two-thirds of his time, leaving Mr. Geer and Gunntown to 
settle for the remainder. 

Alpheus Geer was born at Kent, August 7, 1788, graduated at Union col- 
lege in 1813, was ordained deacon by Bishop Hobart in New York city, June 
12, 1814, and priest by Bishop Griswold at Middletown, early in 1815. 
He remained in Waterbury nearly sixteen years from the fall of 1814 to the 
spring of 1830. He went fronti here to Hebron, where he remained about 
fourteen years, and afterwards preached at East Haddam, North Guilford, 
Bakerville and Harwinton. He died at Norwich, February 3, 1866. While 
here he lived first on South Main street, and later in the Judge Hopkins place, 
on West Main street. His wife was Miss Sarah W. Marshall of Torrington , 
married November 29, 1815. She died September 11, 1886. The period of 
Mr. Geer's pastorate was one of quiet and moderate prosperity. There was 
not at that time much growth in the town, and as a semi-farmer clergyman, 
who was expected to live to some extent off the product of his glebe, he was a 
very fair representative of the country clergy of his time. On Sunday, Octo- 
ber 20, 1816, he presented to Bishop Hobart of New York, then acting as 
bishop in this diocese, which was temporarily without a bishop, a class of two 
hundred and twenty-six for confirmation, being the largest class ever con- 
firmed by Bishop Hobart. The manuscript from which the information in 
this sketch was in part obtained, adds: "It is thought the largest ever pre- 
sented to any bishop in this country." The writer was not aware of the 
class of two hundred and fifty-six confirmed by Bishop Seabury in the same 
place thirty years before, but these two classes, both of them in this parish, 
have seldom been exceeded in numbers. Mr. Geer's second son, the Rev. 
George Jarvis Geer, D. D. (Trinity, 1842), was for many years a successful 
clergyman in the city of New York, and his grandson, the Rev. Wilfiam 
Montague Geer, is one of the assistant ministers of Trinity parish in that city. 

On July 19, 1830, the Rev. William Barlow was invited to 
become rector. He remained here about two years and a half. 
At a meeting of the parish in October, 1832, it was voted to give 
him a leave of absence during the winter (he being obliged to go 
south on account of his wife's health), and this seems virtually 
to have closed his connection with the parish. He was a man of 

33 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

dignified manner and refined and rather scholarly tastes. While 
here he took an active interest in schools and in a public library. 
The library continued to exist in a feeble way for many years 
after he left. Some of the books went into the Young Men's 
Institute and finally into the Bronson library. One of Mr. Bar- 
low's contemporaries speaks of him as a "smart but erratic man." 
He was ordained deacon by Bishop Hobart, December 28, 1819, 
and died in Chicago February 24, 1850. He occupied while here 
the house on Grand street which had been occupied by the Rev. 
Dr. Bronson and the Rev. Mr. Barber.* 

From Dr. James H. Canfield, librarian of Columbia University, 
I get the following: 

Rev. William Barlow. 

1819. Ordained deacon, Dec. 28, by Bishop Hobart. 
181&-21. At St. John's Church, Canandaigua, N. Y. 

1820. Ordained priest, October 22 or 29, by Bishop Hobart. 
1824-26. At Claremont Church, Charleston, S. C. 

1829. Agent and Corr. Sec. of Church Scholarship Society, Hart- 
ford, Conn. 

1830-32. At St. John's Church, Waterbury, Conn. 

1834-35. At St. Matthew's Church, Wilton, Conn. 

1836-40. At St. John's Church, Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

1840-42. Address given at Flatbush, N. Y. 

1842. Instructor in St. Thomas' Hall, Flushing. 

1834-47. Address given at Peekskill, N. Y. 

1848-50. At Trinity Church, Chicago, lU. 

He is also mentioned as having been at St. Paul's Church, 
Syracuse, N. Y., before he was at Ogdensburg. 

He was author of several printed letters and pamphlets which 
are preserved in the library of Columbia University. 

♦Somewhere about 1830, I have not the precise date, the church was struck by a very 
heavy bolt of lightning, which broke a large part of the glass in the windows; and the 
lightning rod, which was of iron and nearly an inch in diameter, was rendered so brittle 
that it was readily broken by the hands. 



34 



CHAPTER III. 



THE NEW ERA. 



I HAVE called the preceding chapter the transitional period, 
Mr. Geer was the last of the Waterbury clergymen who 

joined the care of some other parish to his ministerial work 
here. This is also approximately the epoch which marks the trans- 
ition in Connecticut from an agricultural condition to one in which 
manufactures became the dominant interest, and Mr. Geer was the 
last minister of St. John's parish who depended on the cultivation 
of land for a portion of his income. The cultivation of the glebe 
land and of their own land by the early New England clergy 
afforded an important part of their support. A settlement was 
regarded as for life, and a grant of land was usually part of the 
settlement. In many cases the clergy were considerable land- 
holders and successful cultivators. This condition of things 
continued in some towns to a later date, and possibly there are 
lingering cases still, but the year 1830 is as near the turning point 
as any that could be selected.* '^'^(T'-^O'I ^ 

On February 20, 1833, it was voted to alter ana repair tne 
church. This was accomplished some time afterward, and the 
changes consisted principally in taking out the square pews and 
substituting those of the present style, then known as "slips." 
By this the seating capacity of the church was considerably in- 
creased. 

On April 8, 1833, it was voted to make a contract with the 
Rev. Allen C. Morgan, either party to be at liberty to terminate 
the engagement on giving six months' notice. Mr. Morgan began 



♦If the people of to-day can imagine the rector of St. John's in "shirt sleeves," working 
in a mild spring rain to turn the water through sluices into his grass land (as I have seen 
Mr. Geer doing), or can imagine the pastor of the First church with a very broad brimmed 
straw hat and a calico dressing gown, carrying a rake across his shoulder and following a 
load of hay from the "little pasture" through the main street of the town (as 1 have seen 
Mr. Arnold doing), it will help them to understand some of the changes which seven ty-fivo 
years have brought about, both in the sources of income and in the customs of life. 

35 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

his service here as a deacon about the time that Mr. Barlow left, 
and was ordained a priest January 17, 1833. He remained here 
until the fall of 1836, and left to take charge of the Cheshire 
academy. After a brief but very successful career as a teacher 
he died suddenly in New York City, October 12, 1838. During 
the short period of his ministry here he had become so much 
attached to the place and people that he wished to regard it as 
his home. He was buried here, and his old parishioners erected 
a monument to his memory in the Grand Street Cemetery, which 
was afterward removed to Riverside. 

Allen C. Morgan was born at Norwich, January 7, 1802. His father 
removed soon after to Greenfield, Mass. Being desirous of obtaining a classi- 
cal education, and dependent on his own exertions, he early engaged in teach- 
ing. While thus occupied, the Rev. Dr. Wheaton, then Rector of Christ 
Church, Hartford, offered to assist him in his education. The offer was 
accepted, and he graduated with distinction at Yale college in 1826. He 
taught for a while at Norwalk, and then at Ulster, N. Y., until the autumn 
of 1831, when he returned to Hartford and was ordained deacon, November 
27. He officiated for a few months at Plymouth and Bristol, and tlien came 
here. He was a man of dignified appeareance, rather stout for his years and 
slow in his motions, but of an active mind and finished scholarship. He was 
a faithful pastor and a sympathetic friend. He never married. 

It was during Mr. Morgan's rectorship, December 10, 1835, 
that a committee was appointed to purchase an organ and make 
the necessary alterations in the galleries for its reception. This 
was the first church organ in Waterbury, and it was for many 
years the only one. The organist was St. John Rowley, an 
Englishman employed in Beecher's woollen mill. 

On January 28, 1837, it was voted that the society's committee 
be authorized to correspond with the Rev. J. L. Clark on the sub- 
ject of becoming rector, and to offer him $750 a year. He ac- 
cepted the offer, and on the second Sunday after Easter began 
his long service here. 

Jacob Lyman Clark was the son of Jacob and Susannah (Bangs) Clark, 
and was born at Westhampton, Mass., September 19, 1807. Previous to his 
fifteenth year he lived for some time with a married sister, Mrs. Harriet King, 
working with her husband on his farm. In 1822 he went to Cambridge to 
study with his brother, Orange Clark, afterward the Rev. Orange Clark, D. D., 
who after many years of service in this vicinity spent the closing years of his 

36 




A 114:- 




THE NEW ERA. 

life in California, but who was at this time a student in Harvard college. He 
remained in Cambridge about two years, when he went with his brother to 
assist him in a school at Portsmouth, N. H., teaching also, during a portion of 
the time, the children of the officers at the navy yard at Kittery. He also 
taught a pubhc school at Beverly, Mass., somewhere about this time, having 
sailors and sailor boys for pupils. He entered Trinity (then Washington) 
college in 1827, and graduated in 1831. His father was a farmer of moderate 
means and the sons were mainly dependent on their own exertions for such 
educational advantages as they obtained, a statement which would probably 
be true of nine-tenths of the New England boys of that period who rose to 
distinction. While at college he taught in the family of WilUam H. Imlay, 
and in the long vacations visited his brother, then in orders, at Delhi, and at 
Rochester, N, Y., and while at the former place he read the service in the neigh- 
boring villages. He seems not to have had the ministry in view at first, as he 
became a communicant of the chiu-ch while at college, and it has been said 
that until after he was twenty years old he had never seen the inside of an 
Episcopal church.* 

He studied three years at the General Theological seminary in New York, 
and was ordained deacon by Bishop Brownell, at St. Mark's, New Canaan, 
June 29, 1835. He supplied that parish and Ridgefield until he came to 
Waterbm-y, the second Sunday after Easter, 1837. Here he labored with 
great success for almost forty years, imtil his death, January 26, 1877. 

During this long period the history of his life is substantially 
the history of the parish. His success here, however, was so 
marked, his power of administration so evident and the con- 
tributions of the parish under his guidance so liberal to the general 
work of the church that it could not fail to attract attention, and 
few parishes in the country were better known or more highly 
esteemed than St. John's, Waterbury, and few clergymen better 
known or more highly esteemed than its rector. The mission- 
aries and the missionary bishops found in him an unfailing friend. 
In 1854, feeling somewhat overworked, he sent in his resignation, 
but the parish declined to receive it and proposed to give him six 
months' leave of absence. He decided to take this and by way 
of light recreation did six months' canvassing for the Board of 
Missions. This seemed to be just what he needed, and he came 
back to his work greatly refreshed. The society for the Increase 
of the Ministry might be said to be of his creation, and for one 

*Thia may not be strictly correct, but there was no such church in hia native towa 
and the family were staunch Congregationalists. 

37 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

year (1859) he gave up a large part of his parochial work to act 
as its agent. 

He was a member of the General Conventions of 1850, 1862, 
1865, 1868 and 1874, and a prominent meml)er of the General 
Board of Missions. At the General Convention of 1856 he was 
nominated by the House of Bishops to the Episcopate of Nebraska 
and Kansas, but the lower house did not think the time had 
come to establish that jurisdiction. In 1859 the convention 
elected him Bishop of Kansas and the Northwest, but he declined, 
feeling doubtless that he was more in the line of his special work 
in his own parish. The reason he usually gave when asked, was 
that he was not sufficiently learned to be a bishop. He was 
doubtless quite sincere, too, in this estimate of himself. He was 
not a scholar. He never gave himself the slightest trouble about 
vexed questions of theology or metaphysics. He was a Christian 
worker, a servant of Christ and his church. It was for that 
church to point out the way, and for him to follow in it. Never- 
theless in all practical questions, intimately related as they fre- 
quently were to matters of theological doctrine, his shrewd com- 
mon sense and sound business judgment made him a leader and 
a guide. In 1848 he became a member of the standing committee 
of the diocese of Connecticut, and was annually re-elected for the 
next twenty-three years, after which he declined a re-election. 
In the Diocesan Convention he was 'a leading member and con- 
tinually served on many important committees, but he never 
spent his own time or that of the convention in discussions about 
anything except the most practical questions, and then in the most 
practical way. He received the degree of D.D. from his Alma 
Mater in 1853, and in 1862 was made a member of the college 
corporation, which place he retained until his death. 

His hfe had few salient points for biographical purposes. He 
will be remembered in the church, outside of his parish by his 
earnest labor in missionary work and his singlehearted zeal for 
all that was good. 

Dr. Clark had not in any great degree what is usually called a 
knowledge of men but he had a wonderful knowledge of the indi- 
viduals composing his own parish. He knew every man, woman 

38 



THE NEW ERA. 

and child. He never met one of them on the street without 
recognition. He seldom entered a house without inquiring for 
every member of the family, from the eldest to the youngest. 
He knew all the intricate relationships of the various families, 
their descents and intermarriages. He knew enough of their 
affairs to know their ability to assist him in his parish work. He 
knew when to ask for money, and also how, and for how much; 
for he was apt to be very definite in those matters. There were 
men in his parish who did not take much interest in church or 
charitable work, from whom nevertheless, he could get sums of 
from one dollar to ten dollars whenever he saw fit to ask. He 
was seldom, perhaps never, refused. He had completely sub- 
jugated himself to his work. Always and everywhere he was the 
clergyman, and the black cane which he carried seemed an official 
staff. When he came to Waterbury he was thirty years old. 
Tall, erect, of spare figure, his resolute, straight-forward walk 
was altogether characteristic of the man; one saw at once that he 
was going to a specific place for a specific purpose, and felt pretty 
sure that, whatever it was, he would carry it out. You would 
not say of him, as of some men, that he forgot himself, but rather 
that he never thought of himself. He was the man to lead a 
forlorn hope, or, with equal readiness, to follow another man if 
it seemed his business to follow rather than to lead. He was by 
nature and by early training a Puritan, but not in theory an 
ascetic. He was fond of social intercourse, intensely enjoying 
the companionship and conversation of his brethren in the minis- 
try. He had, too, a good sense of humor, but it was strictly of 
the clerical kind. His manner was cheerful and genial and the 
tones of his voice hearty and inspiring, though upon occasion he 
could be very stern. 

He never attempted eloquence or strove for well-turned sen- 
tences, but there were times when the importance of the theme 
and his own intense earnestness gave his utterances much power, 
and in presenting the importance and the needs of Christian 
enterprises he had a business-like directness which seldom failed 
to produce substantial results. He had an indomitable will. 
All that persistence and perseverance to the verge of obstinacy 

39 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

could accomplish he would do. He had not great talent for 
organizing. He did not lay out or discuss his plans beforehand 
to any great extent, or work on methods and with subordinates. 
When anything was to be done he called on all to help; then, 
while he supervised the labor, he put his own shoulder to the 
wheel, quietly filled the gaps, and the result was success. 

He was not a student. He read few books and few newspapers. 
What was happening in the diocese and in the church at large, so 
far as it affected him as a clergyman, or his work, or the welfare 
of the church, he generally contrived to find out, and those who 
came in contact with him knew very well that he had his opinions 
and maintained them against all comers; but he had no time to 
waste on speculative questions. Probably he never read a novel 
or a work of speculative thought, or a philosophical history or a 
book of poetry except the Hymn Book. He knew nothing about 
modern science and whenever he had occasion to allude to it in 
his sermons he always spoke of it as "science falsely so called," 
which covered the whole ground with him. With the sick and 
the poor his presence was ubiquitous, his patience unwearied, his 
labors unceasing, his charity unfailing. Fuel, food, medicine, 
clothes, money for rent, to see that no one should lack these was 
his daily and nightly business. His life in the parish might be 
summed up in that royal sentence, " He went about doing good." 

He spoke no evil of any man to his fellow men, but with the 
wrong-doer himself he never held back or hesitated when he 
thought good could be done. Crossing the Green one day, he 
met a workman whom he knew, partially intoxicated. He told 
the man he was sorry to see him in that state and pointed out to 
him the injury he was inflicting on himself; among other things 
he warned him that he was destroying his strength and power 
to labor for his family. This touched the man's pride, and he 
replied, "I can whip you. Dr. Clark, and if you will step back on 
the Green I will do it." "No," said Dr. Clark; "when you are 
sober you are a much stronger man than I am, but if you go on 
drinking, or even now, if you had a glass or two more, I shouldn't 
be afraid of you." This argument seemed to reach him, and the 
result was that he went directly with the clergyman to the 

40 



THE NEW ERA. 

secretary of the local temperance society, and there signed the 
pledge. 

It is probably safe to say that no man in this town was so well 
known or so universally esteemed. Although St. John's was only 
one of eight or ten churches in the town, yet, on the afternoon of 
his funeral, business was suspended as by common consent, and 
the whole population poured forth to do honor to his memory. 
It was such a spontaneous tribute to a life of goodness as gives 
one renewed confidence in his fellow men. 

Dr. Clark was a man of warm domestic attachments, to whom 
a home meant much. Although thrice married during his pas- 
torate, he lived a widower for more than twenty-seven years. 
On April 28, 1839, he married Mary Thankful, youngest daughter 
of James Scovill, Esq., and granddaughter of the Rev. James 
Scovil. She died May 2, 1842. On September 12, 1847, he mar- 
ried Mary DeForest, daughter of Gad Taylor of New York. She 
died July 13, 1848, and on November 16, 1870, he married Anna 
Galpin, daughter of William R. Hitchcock, long an officer of St. 
John's parish. She survives him. He left but one child, a daugh- 
ter of his first wife, now Mrs. Ambrose I. Upson. During the 
long years of his widowerhood his house and home were under the 
care of his maiden sister. Miss Samantha Clark, who came to him 
after the death of his second wife and devoted the remainder of 
her life to the care of her brother. She died at Westhampton, 
her old home in May, 1886. In 1849, the parsonage on Leaven- 
worth Street was bought for Dr. Clark and he lived there until 
his death, January 26, 1877. 

At a meeting of the Wardens and Vestry, held in the church 
January 27th, 1877, it was reported that the funeral services of the late 
Rector, Rev. Jacob Lyman Clark, D. D., were appointed to take place in the 
church Monday, Jan. 29th, 1877, at two o'clock, P. M., at which time it was 
expected that the Bishop would be present and preach a memorial discourse. 
The following named clergy having been selected by the family acted as pall 
bearers. 

Rev. A. T. Twing, Rev. S. D. Dennison, D. D., Rev, 11 E. Beardsley, D. D., 
Rev. N. S. Richardson, D. D., Rev. W. E. Vibbert, Rev. J. L. Bennett, D. D., 
Rev. F. J. Hawley, D. D., Rev. J. L. Scott; and the following members of the 
parish., Messrs. S. M. Buckingham, I. E. Newton, F. J. Kngsbury, H. V. 
Welton, C. B. Merriman and E. A. Pierpont. 

41 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

By consent of the family it was decided that the Wardens and Vestry 
should convey the remains of the deceased to the chancel Monday noon, 
there to be viewed by all those who might wish to avail themselves of the 
privilege. 

The following named proposals relating to the preparations for the funeral 
were suggested and adopted. 

First. That N. Dikeman have charge of draping the chancel. 
Second. That N. J. Welton engage carriages and select ushers to aid at the 

church. 
Third. That C. B, Merriman provide a lunch at the Scovill House for the 

clergy. 
Fourth. That Henry Merriman assist at the house during the day. 

Rev. J. F. Bingham reported having issued postal cards to the clergy 
of the Diocese and others announcing the time of the funeral. 

Adjourned to Sunday evening Jan. 28, 1877. 

A true copy of the minutes. 
Attest J. W. Smith, Clerk. 

At a meeting of the Wardens and Vestry of St. John's, Waterbury, 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

Jan. 29, 1877. 

Whereas: It has pleased Our Heavenly Father in the exercise of that 
infinite wisdom which doeth all things well to take from a life of toil and trial 
to a Heaven of peace and rest His faithful servant the Reverend Jacob Lyman 
Clark, D. D., for almost forty years the revered and beloved rector of this 
parish. 

Resolved : That while we deeply mourn the loss, the greatness of which 
we are yet in the first moments unable to measure, we desire humbly to express 
our devout gratitude to the great Head of the Church that we have been so 
long permitted to enjoy the ministrations and to profit by the labors and the 
example of this eminent mnister of Christ, whose record like that of his 'Mas- 
ter' is that he went about doing good. 

That while the obligations which we owe to him cannot be set forth in a 
few brief phrases, we nevertheless desire to place upon record our grateful 
acknowledgments that under God this parish is what it is through his manifold 
labors. 

That he has spared himself no labor for our sakes, but that summer's 
heat and winter's cold have been to him as naught when duty called. 

That in times of adversity he has not looked back nor faltered, nor in 
our days of prosperity has he suffered us to be led into vanity, but by patient 
continuance in all well doing he ever sought for glory and immortality, 
eternal life. 

42 



THE NEW ERA. 

That his life has been an open book known and read of all men, for good. 

That his name has been in all the churches a synonym of all that is faithful 
in labor, wise in counsel, just, true, that maketh for peace and righteousness 
and is of good report. 

That his ear was ever open to the cry of the oppressed and his hand was 
swift to minister to the needy; from no man was his face turned. He ever 
distributed to the necessities of the saints and was given to hospitality. He 
was the guide and friend of youth, the counsellor and comforter of age. He 
has fought a good fight; he has finished his course; he has kept the faith. 

How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace and 
bring glad tidings of good things unto men. 

Resolved: That we shall most honor his memory by heeding his counsels 
and faithfully striving to follow his example. 

Resolved: that we tender to his bereaved family such consolation as our 
sincere sympathy in their affliction may afford. 

Resolved: That these resolutions be entered on our records and that 
copies be furnished for publication in the Church Journal, The Churchman 
and the newspapers of this city. 

Attest, 

E. D. Steele, 

Clerk pro teni. 

At a meeting of the Wardens and Vestry of St. John's Parish held in the 
church Sunday, Feb. 4th, 1877, it was 

Voted: That the salary and house rent of the late Dr. Clark be continued 
to his family until Easter, 1877. 

Voted: That a committee of four do procure such historical sketches as 
they may be able to obtain, and report the same to the Rev. J. F. Bingham, 
D. D., that it may be compiled in pamphlet form together wth the Bishop's 
memorial discourse and other matters of interest to the parish, this com- 
mittee having power to publish the same. 
The following named were appointed: 

Rev. J. F. Bingham, D. D. F. J. Kingsbury 

Rev. Mr. Russell N. Dikeman. 

Voted: That Rev. Doctor Bingham and S. M. Buckingham procure 
assistance for Doctor Bingham until Easter, 1877, at a cost not exceeding IIOO. 

Adjourned. 
A true copy of the minutes. 
Attest, J. W. Smith, Clerk. 

At a meeting of the parish held April 14, 1884, the committee to provide 
a suitable memorial of the late Rev. Dr. Clark, appointed Easter Monday, 

43 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

April 2, 1877, reported that soon after their appointment they caused a granite 
monument with a suitable inscription thereon to be placed at the grave of Dr. 
Clark in the Riverside Cemetery at a cost of $550, which was defrayed by 
subscriptions of the late parishioners of Dr. Clark now belonging to the parishes 
of St. John's and Trinity; that on the r2th of the present month a tablet of 
brass mounted on marble and placed in the nave on the south (since changed 
to north) side of the chancel arch was unveiled with appropriate services. 
The cost of the tablet was $325, which was defrayed by subscriptions from the 
Sunday School and members of St. John's Parish. 

Soon after Dr. Clark came to the parish, signs of growth began 
to appear, owing doubtless in part to the increase of population, 
but also, in part to his energetic methods. On May 19, 1838, it 
was voted to finish off the gallery of the church into slips. On 
January 12, 1839, it was voted to make an addition on each side 
of the church, provided the money could be raised by subscription. 
The addition was made, consisting of a wing, one story high, and 
about twelve feet wide, on each side, giving two additional rows 
of pews, and two aisles, the entire length of the church. The 
front of the church was also built out on a line with the front of 
the steeple. The appearance of the edifice, with these wings, was 
not architecturally elegant, and they were spoken of as "cow- 
sheds" and "bowling-alleys" by the irreverent; nevertheless, they 
served a good purpose for a number of years. 

On February 23, 1846, it was voted that it was "expedient 
to build a new church, if the funds can be raised by subscription." 
A building committee was appointed, but nothing more appears 
on the record until March 8, 1847, when a committee was appointed 
to sell the old building. But in the meantime much had been 
done. It had been decided that the new church be of stone, 
and a new site was selected and purchased, a short distance from 
the old one and directly west of it. The dimensions of the whole 
edifice, including the chapel, were 154 by 76 feet, and the spire 
was 186 feet in height. The interior was richly finished in black 
walnut, and the chancel window bore a colossal figure of St. John, 
with a book resting upon his lap and a pen in his hand, with the 
emblematic eagle by his side. At the date of its erection, the 
church was certainly surpassed by few, if any, in the State. It 
was the result of great liberality and of much self-denial on the 

44 












St. .Iohn's Church, 1839. 



THE NEW ERA. 

part of the society, and its completion was an occasion of just 
pride. It was consecrated by Bishop Brownell, January 12, 
1848.* Its cost was $35,060.43. 

The old church was sold to the Roman Catholic parish and 
removed to East Main street. It was used first for a church and 
afterwards for a school until 1888 when it was taken down to 
make room for the block built by the parish of the Immaculate 
Conception. Its timbers showed no signs of decay, and it might 
have stood for another century. 

On January 18, 1857, a violent snow storm occurred, accom- 
panied by a heavy gale of wind, and the steeple of St. John's 
church was blown down, crushing a portion of the south tower 
in its fall. The steeple was a mass of broken sticks, but the bell, 
which weighed 3800 pounds, fell on them in such a way that it 
was uninjured.! 

The destruction of this steeple was a heavy loss to the parish. 
It was rebuilt in 1859 of wood as before, but in a very solid and 
substantial manner, at a cost of over $5000. 

In the early morning of December 24, 1868, the church was 
totally destroyed by fire. The other religious societies immedi- 
ately proffered a partial use of their buildings, and the Christmas 
services were held in the Second Congregational church and a 
parish meeting in the Methodist church. Sunday evening ser- 
vices were held for some time in the First Congregational church, 
and the Sunday morning service and the Sunday school in Mili- 
tary hall, the third story of the store on Exchange Place and 
Bank Street. Immediate measures were taken for the erection 



♦At the time that the site for the new church was purchased it was a flag swamp, 
through which ran a brook. In very high floods the water backed up into this lot from 
the river by way of the "Cove." The tradition is that in the early settlement of the town 
quite a stream from the river found its way through that hollow and ran across the green 
and into "Great brook" below. The West District School house was nearly opposite this 
lot and the children picked flag pods in summer and skated in winter on this swampy 
ground with much satisfaction. Juat at the corner was a place to water horses and wash 
wagons, and Esquire Ezra Bronson had at some tim.e had tubs set there for making lye, and 
the place was still known as "'Squire Ezra's potash." Cyrus Clark's law office stood about 
where the drive way is on the South side of the church. Later this was moved back into 
the lot a little south of the brook, some additions were made to it and it was used at various 
times as a manufactory of buttons, window springs, starch, hats, and perhaps other articles. 

tin this gale the spire of the Second Congregational Church was also blown down 
crushing part of an adjoining house. 

45 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

of a temporary chapel on ground furnished by S. M. Buckingham, 
senior warden, at the corner of West Main and State Streets, and 
the first service was held there March 29, 1869. It was a com- 
fortable building, measuring 100 feet by 40, with seats for 629 
persons. It cost about $6500. and was the home of the parish 
for nearly four years. 

While the temporary chapel was being prepared another com- 
mittee took in hand the subject of a new church, and subscription 
papers were at once circulated. About $35,000 were received 
for insurance, but it was clear that this would not go far towards a 
new church. Between the building of the two churches, our 
Civil War had taken place, and, at the date now referred to, values 
had not yet assumed their normal proportions. The style of 
living, the demands of the public, the whole structure of society 
in short, had been changed. The new church, relatively, was 
not much in advance of the old one, but it probably cost four 
times as much. 

The first vote was to raise $100,000, but it was soon found 
that this would not do what was wanted, and the amount was 
increased to $125,000. The following summary shows the cost 
and value of the building and the land: 

Contract (and extras) for mason and joiner work, . $117,855 

Windows, . 3,532 

Heating apparatus and plumbing, .... 6,536 

Gas fixtures, 1,500 

Architect's fees, 4,969 

Decoration, 2,700 

Oiling, 550 

Carpets, cushions, altar furniture and sundries, . . 7,083 

$144,725 
Special gifts (Estimated) : 

Two organs $12,000 

Chimes, clock and bust .... 10,000 

Stained windows, 5,000 

27,000 

$171,725 

The value of the ground and of the foundations, which were 
very heavy (the old foundations having been added to but not 

46 




St. John's Ciilrch, 1848. 



THE NEW ERA. 

disturbed), makes the total value about $200,000. To this can 
now be added the rectory and lot, valued at $25,000, and the 
parish house* and the State Street lot, the value of which is 
about $27,000. 

The founding of the second parish, although not accomplished 
until some years later, was substantially decided upon in con- 
nection with the building of the new church. What is to be said 
in regard to it will be found in the chapter on Trinity Parish. 

In this connection it seems appropriate to insert the following 
letter from a member of the parish, addressed to the Building 
Committee. 

" It would seem as if the proper course for St. John's Parish to take in 
regard to a new church depended very materially upon the answer which is 
to be given to a question that has as yet received no very careful consideration 
by the Parish. 

This question is, Is it desirable to have a second parish in Waterbury? 

Some members of the parish have expressed themselves as of the opinion 
that a second parish is not only desirable but absolutely essential to the 
growth of the Church. There may be others who do not entertain the same 
opinion, but so far as I have heard any opinion expressed it has seemed to 
lean towards a new parish. 

Whatever the real opinion of the parish may be is it not highly important 
that the opinion should be ascertained and the whole subject carefully weighed 
and definitely decided upon before proceeding on a course of action so im- 
portant as building a new church — involving an outlay of considerably more 
than $100,000 and fixing the condition of the parish for some years to come. 

So far as I understand the matter at present we seem to be admitting that 
a new parish is desirable while we are at the same time managing affairs as if 
there were to be none. For, 

First. Is it not as certain as anything well can be that if we raise and 
expend from $100,000 to $130,000 in a new church it will be many years, at 



'*'At the Spring meeting of this parish in 1890, the following vote was passed: 
Voted, That the rector of the parish and the board of managers of the church home 
and charity foundation fund, be, and are hereby authorized to erect a church home building 
on the lands of the parish in the rear of the lot west of the church, substantially in accord- 
ance with the plans herewith submitted, said building to be erected under the provisions 
and for the purposes set forth in the gift to the parish by the heirs of the late Samuel W. 
Hall, as appears on records of the parish; the expense of said building to be paid from said 
fund. 

The corner stone was laid with appropriate ceremonies, July 30, 1890. A copper box, 
with church records, municipal documents, coins, etc., was placed in it. The building is 
41ix66 feet besides the wing occupied by the sexton. There are three Hoors, one of which 
is a hall with a stage and dressing rooms. One floor is used by the Young Men's Guild, 
and has a billiard table. Most of the minor meetings of the parish organizations, choir 
rehearsals, etc., are held in this building. 

47 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

least one generation, before we can hope to build another church whicii will 
compare so favorably with the first one as to attract a new audience or tlraw 
the necessary support from the paying members of the older parish. 

Second. If we do not think it wise immediately to have a second parish 
we ought to build a new church with that fact fully in view and so lay our 
plans as to meet all the requirements of the case. The first of these is that 
the new church should be considerably larger than, or at least contain con- 
siderably more seat room than, the old one. When that church was built the 
population of Waterbury was less than five thousand. It is now more than 
fifteen thousand, but the seat room for churchmen is no greater in the town 
now than it was then — except the chapel at Waterville which in no way sup- 
plies the increased demand. 

This lack of growth is by no means creditable to the church here, but we 
cannot grow without room and for the last fifteen years there have been no 
spare seats. If therefore we are to grow, and not to grow is disgraceful and 
wrong, and if we are to have but one parish, we must have a larger church. 
I know the objections to a larger church are many and weighty, but what else 
can we do — if we cease to grow we begin to die. 

On the other hand if we are to have a new parish our new church should 
be built smaller than the old one, and relatively at a less expense, that is, at a 
less expense than one of the same size as the old one woxdd cost now. 

Our new church should be built, then, for six hundred to eight hundred 
sittings; it should have no side galleries; it could or should therefore be 
built much lower than the plans now under discussion, would require a lower 
spire and could be made in all respects more elegant and complete. 

It would be far easier to heat and better to speak in. For a church of 
that size the present foundations would be ample for chancel, chapel and all 
necessary conveniences. 

Suppose now we raise $100,000, and build a church which we can complete 
and furnish for $80,000— say for church $65,000 — organ and furniture $15,000. 
Then take the remaining $20,000, put it with the $30,000 insurance money, 
put it on interest for five years and we have nearly enough to build a second 
church. 

When our first church is fairly completed, say in three or four years, 
initiatory steps should be taken for the second. This should be as large as 
the first and in all respects equal to it, and with experience gained in building 
the first the second ought to be superior to it, and would be. 

These two would give say sixteen himdred sittings, representing an 
increase of not less than six hundred to seven hundred church goers over the 
present number and giving us two active, healthy and friendly parishes. 
And these two with a generous and Christian rivalry in good works ought to 
in five years more to give us the material for a third equally numerous and 
vigorous. 

48 




St. John's Church After the High Wind, January lU, 1857. 



THE NEW ERA. 

It is the opinion of sound judges that had our old church been two-thirds 
its size we should long since have had two active prosperous parishes.' ' 

Memorandum. The foregoing was submitted to the building committee 
and other leading members of the parish. Its views were approved and the 
consequence was the size of the church was reduced from the original plan 
more than one hundred sittings; but the expense of the reduced plan was 
greater than it was supposed the other would be, so that it is extremely 
doubtful if another parish can be established in ten years. 

September, 1871. 

The church was consecrated by Bishop Williams on St. John's 
day, June 24, 1873. As already indicated it is unusually rich 
in memorial windows and other memorials, gifts for the most 
part of members of the parish. The most valuable of these is 
the great organ, built by Hook & Hastings at a cost of S10,000. 
It was the gift of Abram Ives. Next is the marble bust of Bishop 
Brownell, by Ives, the sculptor, surmounted by a richly carved 
Gothic canopy of Caen stone, the whole structure being about 
twenty-five feet in height. It bears the following inscriptions: 

The Right Reverend Thomas Church Brownell, D. D., S. T. D. Born in 
Westport, Mass., October XIX, MDCCLXXIX. Consecrated third Bishop 
of Connecticut, October XXVII, MDCCCXIX. Founder and first President 
of Trinity College. Presiding Bishop in the Protestant Episcopal Church in 
the United States. Died in Hartford, Jan. XIII, MDCCCLXV, in the 
LXXXVI year of his age and the XLVI year of his episcopate. 

"Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of 
God." 

Erected by Gordon W. Burnham, A. D., MDCCCLXXI. 

In memory of Gordon W. Burnham, who was born in Hampton, Conn., 
Mar. 20, 1803, and died in N. Y. city Mar. 18, 1885. He was at one time a 
vestryman of St. John's Church, and with his wife Louisa, a daughter of the 
Rt. Rev. T. C. Brownell, D. D., S. T. D., bestowed liberal gifts upon the 
church. 

"Yea, because of the house of the Lord our God I will seek to do thee 
good.' ' 

This canopy was first erected over the altar, but was subse- 
quently removed to the south wall of the chancel arch. The 
expense of this change was borne by Mr. Burnham's sons, and 
the inscription to his memory was added by direction of the 
parish at that time. 

49 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Under the north gallery Is a black marble tablet with this 
inscription in gilt letters: 

In memory of the Rev. James Scovil, born in Waterbury, Jan. 27, 1732, 
graduated at Yale College, 1757. Ordained by Zachary Pearce, Lord Bishop 
of Rochester, at St. Peter's (Westminster Abbey), England, April 1, 1759. 
Missionary of the Ven. S. P. G. to this parish (then St. James), and its first 
resident rector, 1759-1788. Died at Kingston, N. B., Dec. 19, 1808. 

Also of James Scovill, Esquire, his son. For many years an officer of 
this parish. Born March 19, 1764, Died November 26, 1825. 

This tablet is placed here by their grandchildren and great-grandchildren, 
1885. 

The Bible and Prayer Book which were presented to the Rev. 
James Scovil by Ven. S. P. G. at the time of his ordination in 
Westminster Abbey in 1759, and were used in this church about 
60 years and then by a vote of the parish presented to an Epis- 
copal Church in Waterbury, Ohio, were returned here and repose 
in an oaken case, with a suitable inscription, the gift of Mrs. 
Frederick J. Kingsbury, a great-granddaughter of Mr. Scovil. 

The chimes, consisting of ten bells, were the gift of G. W. 
Burnham, and the clock was the gift of Mrs. Burnham, 

St. John's chimes were received in December, 1871. The parish meet- 
ing accepting it, etc., Dec. 31. The paper says the bells arrived the 19th. 
They are from E. A. & G. R. Meneely of West Troy, N. Y. 

E, 2520 lbs. This chime of ten bells was presented to St. John's Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church of Waterbury, Connecticut, by Gordon W. Burnham 
of New York, A. D. MDCCCLXXI. Rev. Jacob L. Clark, D.D., rector. 
Rev. Frances T. Russell, associate rector. S. M. Buckingham and I. E. New- 
ton, Wardens. Vestrymen, S. W. Hale, T. I. Driggs, W. Lamb, George Pritch- 
ard, B. P. Chatfield, J. W. Smith, J. S. Elton, H. V. Welton, R. E. Hitchcock, 
N. Dikeman, F. J. Kingsbury, C. B. Merriman, George F. Perry, N. J. Welton. 
N. Dikeman, Treasurer, R. E. Hitchcock, clerk. Henry Dudley, Architect. 
B. P. and H. K. Chatfield, Contractors. "My mouth shall show forth thy 
praise.' ' 

F Sharp, 1780 lbs. Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace. 

E, 380 lbs. And the spirit and the bride say come, and let him that 
heareth say come. 

G Sharp, 1250 lbs. Young men and maidens, old men and children praise 
the name of the Lord. 

E. 380 lbs. And the spirit and the bride say come, and let him that hear- 
eth say come. 

50 




St. John's Chuhch Aftkk thk Fiki:, Dkcemhrh 24, 1S68. 



THE NEW ERA. 

G Sharp, 1250 lbs. Young men and maidens, old men and children 
praise the name of the Lord. 

A, 1080 lbs. Hearest thou what these say? 

B, 840 lbs. Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord. 

C Sharp, 620 lbs. O come let us worship and fall down and kneel 
before the Lord our maker. 

D, 514 lbs. Lift up your hands in the sanctuary. 

D Sharp, 476 lbs. I was glad when they said unto me we will go into 
the house of the Lord. 

F Sharp, 250 lbs. To tell of thy loving kindness early in the morning 
and of thy truth in the night season. r. r /j , P i i 

THE CHIMES OF 8T. JOHN's CHURCH. 

From the Waterbury American, Feb. 15, 1872. 

At a meeting of the wardens and vestry of St. John's parish, Waterbury, 
held in the chapel on the Slst day of December, A. D. 1871, the letters of 
Gordon W. Burnham, Esq., of New York, formerly a member of this parish, 
were presented and read. Upon motion it was : 

Resolved, That the letters of Mr. Burnham be entered at length upon the 
records of the parish. 

Resolved, that the thanks of the parish be tendered to Mr. Burnham, 
not only for his generous confidence in selecting us as the guardians of this 
valued memorial of our late revered Bishop, but also for the fitting and beau- 
tiful work he has caused to be prepared to receive and protect it: The whole 
constituting a worthy ornament to our church, an object of sacred interest to 
all who shall hereafter come within its walls, a monument to a much-loved 
Bishop, and a memorial of the giver which we shall hope ever gratefully to 
preserve. 

Resolved, That the thanks of the parish are due to Mr. Burnham for the 
elegant and costly chime of ten beUs which he has caused to be placed in the 
tower of our chiu"ch, and that in this gift he is a benefactor not only to the 
parish, but to the entire community. 

Resolved, That a copy of the record of this meeting, authenticated by the 
signatures of the Rector, the Associate Rector, the Wardens and Vestrymen 
of this parish, be engrossed upon parchment and placed in the hands of Mr. 
Burnham, and that copies be furnished to the papers of the city and to the 
Churchman forj_'publication. 

Jacob L. Clark, Rector. 

Francis T. Russell^ Associate Rector. 

ScoviLL M. Buckingham, 

Isaac E. Newton, Wardens. 

S. W. Hall, F. J. ICingsbury, R. E. Hitchcock, J. W. Smith, Geo. Pritchard, 
C. B. Merriman, T. I. Driggs, J. S. Elton., N. Dikeman, E. A. Pierpont, H. V. 
Welton, B. P. Chatfield, George F. Perry, J. H. Sandland, Vestrymen. 

51 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

This chime of bells is from the factory of Meneely & Co., Troy, and is con- 
sidered one of the very best specimens of their workmanship. The clearness 
and richness of tone could scarcely be excelled, — crystalline and mellow in 
sound. The resonant quahty of the bells ought to be satisfactory certainly, 
when we hear it reported that the aged watchman upon Zion's walls in Water- 
town has distinctly heard their melody like musical spirits singing up the 
valley. 

It is a mistaken notion that silver adds to the richness of tone in church 
bells. It gives softness to be sure, but the best alloy is found to be of tin and 
copper, and sometimes zinc. Silver, lead, and other metals have not the 
resonant quaUty for the best effect. The bell on the church at East Haddam 
has something of a muffled sound from the element of silver, as it is supposed. 
It is a very ancient bell, and is well worth a climb into the tower to see. It 
was sent to this country a few years ago from Spain, and may be, in fact 
judging from the inscriptions, etc., must be, hundreds of years old. But to 
return to our bells. We say our, for we are all equal sharers in the enjoyment 
of them. They are all superior in workmanship and are hung with the latest 
mechanical improvements. Each bell is appropriately inscribed with mottoes, 
" Hohness to the Lord," "My mouth shall sound forth thy praise," etc., etc. 
The name of the donor is also upon each bell and in case the chime should ever 
be broken up and scattered abroad it could again be recovered. The ten 
bells are on the notes E, F, G, A, B, C, D, D, E, F, — four sharps and one flat. 
This gives great variety and a wide range of tunes. Gardner in his "Music of 
Nature,' ' gives the number of changes for ten bells as three million six hundred 
twenty-eight thousand and eight hundred, so that it will be seen there is no 
danger of our being confined to a limited range of tunes. Especially as the 
same author states that the ringing of seven hundred and twenty changes on 
twelve bells (two more than ours) in an hour, would require an incessant 
ringing of seventy years to complete the entire number. 

In the descriptive catalogue of Meneely we find the following statement : 

" A chime is set a of bells so attuned that the notes follow each other at 
diatonic intervals; a peal is a set attuned to harmonic intervals. Thus a set 
of bells upon the eight notes of the scale is a chime; a set upon the first, third, 
fifth, and eighth is a peal. 

The smallest number of bells that may be said to compose a chime is five, 
while what might be called the natural number is eight, — representing the 
eight notes of the scale; but as the addition of an extra bell giving the note 
of the flat seventh creates a new series of diatonic tones in the key of the 
fourth, thus allowing music of two different keys to be played, this bell is 
usually added to the octave, so that a full chime is now understood to consist 
of at least nine bells. 

The usual manner of mounting chimes in this country is to swing the 
tenor (or largest) bell after the manner of an ordinary church bell, the others 

52 



THE NEW ERA. 

being suspended stationarily from trusses and placed in such relative positions 
as the construction of the belfry will admit. Attached to the clappers are 
leather cords which are led by pulleys and rods to the ringer's room below 
and there connected with levers which may be easily manipulated by one 
person. This differs from the old English mode in that the latter requires 
that each bell be swung, thus requiring a ringer to each as also a tower of 
great capacity and strength.' ' 

We observe that out of the seventy-two different chimes manufactured 
by the Meneelys in this country and Canada, that there are only two exceeding, 
and but five equalhng ours in number. We state these facts that our citizens 
may realize our indebtedness to Mr. Burnham, and we have only to regret that 
his heart cannot be cheered as often as ours by the sweet music of the bells 
of St. John's church. We trust that this munificent gift may be the means 
of provoking moneyed men elsewhere to the same good work. 

A brass tablet on a background of Spanish griotte marble 
(the work of Giessler of New York) was the gift of the Sunday 
schools of St. John's and Trinity parishes. It bears this inscrip- 
tion: 

In grateful remembrance of the Reverend Jacob Lyman Clark, D. D. 
Born at Westhampton, Mass., Sept. 19, 1807, graduated at Trinity College, 
1831, ordained deacon June 29, 1835, and priest July 5, 1836. Instituted 
rector of this parish, Easter, 1837, where for forty years he faithfully served 
God and ministered to His people, until he entered into rest, January 26, 1877. 
' 'For he was a good man and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith, and much 
people were added unto the Lord." 

" Blessed is he that considereth the poor.' ' 

A small brass tablet upon a background of carved oak, on 
the side wall of the chancel, is inscribed as follows: 

In memoriam rei. The Rev'd John Williams, D. D., LL. D., was elected 
fourth Bishop of the Diocese of Connecticut at a Convention held in St. John's 
Church, Waterbury, June 11, 1851. 

"That thou shouldst set in order the things that are wanting." 

The memorial windows are sixteen in number, and are in 
memory of the following persons: 

In memory of James Mitchell Lamson Scovill. 
Died May 16, 1857, aged 68 years. 

" A certain Samaritan when he saw him had compassion on him." 

53 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

In memory of John Prince Elton. 
Died November 10, 1864, aged 55 years. 

"Thy will be done." 

In memory of Edward S. Clark. 
Died June 20, 1862, aged 51 years. 

" Be thou faithful unto death and I will give thee a crown of life.' ' 

Minnie Adelaide, daughter of Orrin and Eunice A. Scott. }^^4, J.^*,,. i-^ 
Died May 25, 1871, aged 6 years and 7 months 

" He giveth his beloved sleep." 

William Henry Scovill— July 27, 1796— March 27, 1854. ' 
"Ye clothed me — Ye gave me drink." ^ 

Eunice Ruth Davies, wife of William Henry Scovill. 
Born at Ogdensburg, N. Y., Mar. 5, 1807— Died at Waterbury Nov. 25, 1839. 

" Ye gave me to eat, Ye visited me.' ' 

Nancy Maria Austin Hall. 
Died February 8, 1868, aged 53 years. 

" I know thy works and thy patience. 
The Lord will receive my prayer.' ' 

Daniel Scott— Died Oct. 6, 1874, aged 92 years. 
" Bring forth the best robe and put it on him and let us eat and be merry." 

On the same window: 

In memory of Roxy Scott — Died Nov. 4, 1870, aged 77 years. 

In memory of Mary B. Ives — Died Jan. 30, 1870, aged 55 years. 
From Sarah Ives Plumb. 

In the memory of Abram Ives — Died July 18, 1819, aged 51 years. 
By J. Neale Plumb. 

In memory of John Buckingham — Died May 3, 1867, aged 81 years. 

An excellent spirit was found in him. 

" As for me and my house we will serve the Lord.' ' 

54 



THE NEW ERA. 

In memory of Charles Buckingham Merriman, 1809-1899. 
"Now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace according to thy word." 

In grateful remembrance. George Lyman Welton. 
May 27, 1867— March 7, 1900. 

In loving memory of Ruth A. Farrell. 
Born Jan. 31, 1808. Died Nov. 23, 1883. 

In memory of Theodore Ives Driggs. 
October 25, 1829— June 28, 1893. 

" We praise thee God, we acknowledge thee to be the Lord.' ' 

In the chancel: A book rest. 

In loving memory of Morton Campbell Driggs. 

March 5, 1884— March 3, 1900. 
From Kingsley R. MacGuffie, a school friend. 

The Arch under the Chancel Organ was the gift of Robert W. Hill. 

The Reredos was the gift of James S. Elton in memory of his father, 
John Prince Elton, April 24, 1809— Nov. 10, 1864; and of his mother, OUve 
Margaret Hall Elton, June 25, 1816— Nov. 12, 1892. 

The chancel tiling was the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Burrall in mem- 
ory of her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. John C. Booth. 

The tiling of the vestibule, the rood railing and the arch over the Bap- 
tistry were the gift of Frederick J. Kingsbury in memory of his wife, Alathea 
Ruth Scovill, March 21, 1828— Dec. 7, 1899. 

The Chancel Organ and the electric connection of the two organs were the 
gift of Henry H. Peck. 

A pair of chaUces adorned with jewels bearing the inscription: 

" To the Glory of God' ' and in loving memory of Frances Rosalia Phillips 
Welton. 1832-1900. Made from her own jewels and silver 
and presented to St. John's Church, Waterbury, Conn., by 
her husband. Nelson J. Welton. 

" I beheve in the commimion of the Saints.' ' 

55 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Alms basin, by Miss Merriman's S. S. Class. 

Spoon, by Mary Sigourney, wife of Rev. F. T. Russell. 

Two Brass Vases, in memory of Alathea Scovil Kingsbury. 

Bishop Williams' Act of Consecration June 24, 1873, is framed and hung in 
the vestry.* 

The following sentences are cut in the limestone belt course 
along the outside of the church: 

" Ye shall reverence my Sanctuary, I am the Lord." 

"I was glad when they said unto me we will go into the house of the 
Lord." 

"Enter into his gates with thanksgiving and into his Courts with praise." 

"Be thankful unto him and speak good of his name. For the Lord ia 
gracious, his mercy is everlasting and his truth endureth from generation to 
generation.' ' 

On the tower; 

St. John's Church erected 1846. 

Burned Dec. 24, 1868. 

Rebuilt 1870. 

The baptismal font, of carved Ohio stone and marble, is a 
memorial to the Rev. Joseph D. Welton, who died January 16, 
1825. It was given by Hobart V, Welton, his son. The font 
cover is in loving memory of Hobart V. Welton, 1811-1895, by his 
son, Edwin D. Welton. The lectern, an eagle carved in oak, is a 
memorial of William H. White, who died in 1873. The Bible, 
Prayer-Book and Hymnal were presented by Mrs. Betsey Elton, 
in 1872; the alms basin and communion service by classes in the 
Sunday school. The gilt cross was the gift of Mrs. John Bucking- 
ham. Spoon by Miss Pierpont's Sunday School class, Trinity 
Sunday, 1890. 

The window to William H. Scovill, which would have been 
hidden by the Church organ had it remained in its original place, 
was divided and occupies two windows under the gallery. 

In 1875, owing to the crowded condition of the church, it was 
voted to rent the front seats in the gallery. 



♦The Rev. Chaunoey Brewster, D.D., LL.D., was elected the fifth Bishop of the Didcesft 
at a Convention held in this church, June 11, 1897.1 

56 




<^ ^^.^U^^c^c^^ ^Z 




■'^iHlxSsmi^' 



THE NEW ERA. 

At the annual parish meeting April 2, 1877, the Rev. J. Foote 
Bingham, D. D., who had been associate rector with Dr. Clark 
during the year previous to his death, was made rector of the 
parish. He is a native of Andover (Conn.), graduated from Yale 
College, in the class of 1852, and received the degree of S. T. D. 
from Western Reserve in 1869. He remained rector of the parish 
until the spring of 1880, when he resigned and removed to Hart- 
ford. He has since resided there without permanent charge. 

Samuel W. Hall, whose wise and generous gifts to St. John's 
parish and for other public uses deserves special notice, died 
March 5, 1877. He left to the parish in trust (the income only 
to be used) $10,000 for the poor of the parish, $5,000 for church 
repairs and $3,000 for the parish library. He also left $10,000 to 
trustees to be used for a widows' home, provided that an equal 
sum should be raised by the parish for the same purpose within 
three years. As it seemed desirable that the form of this trust 
should be somewhat modified, the bequest was allowed to lapse, 
and the sum named was then given by the heirs of Mr. Hall to the 
parish, under a trust, in the modified form. For the clear and 
judicious arrangement of this trust the parish is indebted to Dr. 
Bingham. 

After Dr. Bingham's resignation the Rev. Rob Roy McGregor 
McNulty, who had been assistant minister during the previous 
year, became rector, and remained with the parish until Septem- 
ber 20, 1883. He was of Scotch descent, a native of western 
Pennsylvania, and a graduate of Washington and Jefferson 
college in the class of 1867. While here, for family reasons, he 
took the name of Converse and dropped that of McNulty. Both 
names appear on the parish record. On leaving here he went to 
Corning, N. Y., was afterwards connected with Hobart College 
at Geneva, and is now rector of St. Luke's at Rochester, N. Y. 

The Rev. Edmund Rowland, D.D., succeeded Mr. Converse 
as rector in the spring of 1884. He is a native of Springfield, 
Mass., and a graduate of Trinity College in the class of 1857, and 
the Berkeley Divinity School in 1859. He has been rector at 
Saratoga and at Goshen, N. Y., twice at New Bedford, Mass., 
and at Cincinnati, and officiated for a while at the American Church 

57 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

in Rome. He resigned the rectorship of St. John's in April, 1891, 
and was made rector emeritus, which position he still holds. 

Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr., was born at Annandale, Dutchess 
County, New York, on June 18th, 1869; fitted for College in public 
school, graduated at Williams College, June, 1899, Berkeley Divin- 
ity School, June, 1892, and was ordained deacon, June 8th, 1892, 
and priest, June, 1893. Both ordinations by Bishop Williams. 

During Seminary course acted as assistant to the Rev. W. W. 
Newton, D.D., of St. Stephen's Church, Pittsfield, Mass., also as 
lay reader in charge of St. George's Church, Lee, Mass., and St. 
John's Church, Pine Meadow, Conn. 

From June, 1892, to June, 1894, was assistant minister at St. 
George's, New York, Dr. Rainsford. 

From June, 1894, to May, 1897, was rector of Grace Church, 
Honesdale, Penn. 

From May, 1897, to September, 1900, was Dean of Christ 
Church Cathedral, Lexington, Kentucky. 

From September, 1900, to August, 1901, was associate rector 
of St. John's Church, Waterbury, Conn. 

From August, 1901, up to the present has been rector of St. 
John's. 

In 1884 John C. Booth and Mrs. Olive M. Elton presented to 
the parish the lot at the corner of Church and West Main streets, 
and a rectory was erected thereon, which was completed in the 
spring of 1886 at a cost of about $16,000. The rectory on Leaven- 
worth street (which had been purchased at the time of Dr. Clark's 
second marriage) was sold. In 1890-91 the managers of the Hall 
fund erected for the use of the parish, at a cost of about $16,000, 
a commodious building of brick and granite, known as the " Par- 
ish house." 

Since the middle of the last century St. John's parish has had 
an assistant minister during a large part of the time. In several 
instances the assistant was elected rector; in other cases assistants 
have become rectors of other important parishes. The following 
list gives the names of most of them, with biographical memo- 
randa. 

In October, 1849, the Rev. John A. Paddock, afterwards 

58 




Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr. 



THE NEW ERA. 

Bishop of Washington, preached here a few times and was invited 
to become an assistant, but, having meanwhile received a call 
to the parish of Stratford, he accepted that. The Rev. George W. 
Home was then employed. He resigned December 9, 1850, to 
take a parish at Oswego, N. Y. Not very long afterward he 
became a missionary to Africa and died at Rocktown, in Africa, 
October 2, 1854. He was born at Kingston, Jamaica, W. I., 
May 5, 1821, was educated in part at a Wesleyan institution in 
England and studied theology with Dr. Samuel F. Jarvis, of 
Middletown. He was succeeded by the Rev. Edward Jessup, 
who remained here until the spring of 1852, when he took a parish 
in Chicopee, Mass. He was afterwards in Bath, Me,, and Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. He was a native of Westfield, Mass., graduated at 
Yale College in Class of 1847, and died in Switzerland, whither 
he had gone for his health in 1872. 

The Rev. Charles G. Acly came next, beginning his ministry 
here in March, 1852. He resided at Waterville, as the amount of 
work he found to do there seemed to make it desirable. A chapel 
had been built there, and consecrated June, 1851. He resigned 
at Easter, 1856, and soon after became rector at New Milford, 
where he died in 1880. 

The Rev. Samuel G. Appleton succeeded from 1856 to 1858. 
He was born in Gloucester, Mass., in 1808, graduated from Am- 
herst College in 1832, studied theology at Andover, Mass., and 
was ordained deacon in 1834 and priest in 1835. He went from 
here to Morrisania, N. Y., and died there November 29, 1873. 

The Rev. Junius M. Willey became associate rector in April, 
1858. He resigned in December, 1861, to take the chaplaincy 
of the Third Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, commanded by 
Colonel John L. Chatfield, who was a member of the parish. Mr. 
Willey resigned after some months' service and became rector of 
St. John's, Bridgeport, where he died. 

The Rev. John Eaton Smith was assistant from early in 1862 
to October, 1864. Not long after this he became rector of the 
Memorial church at Westport and died there. He was succeeded 
for a short time by the Rev. C. W. Chandler. 

The Rev. A. Floridus Steele was assistant from Easter, 1865, 

59 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

to January, 1868. He was a son of the Rev. Ashbel Steele, a 
native of Waterbury, and Clara Brewster, his wife, who was a 
descendant of Elder Brewster, one of the Plymouth "pilgrims." 
He was ordained deacon by Bishop Johns of Maryland in May, 
1861, and became assistant to the Rev. B. Leacock, Harrisburg, 
Penn., in September following. He was ordained priest by Bishop 
Stevens, of Pennsylvania, in May, 1863. He went from Water- 
bury to Albany, N. Y., where he was assistant at St. Paul's. 
From there, in 1869, he went as rector to St. Mark's, Washington, 
D. C, where he died, August 28, 1893. 

The Rev. Francis T. Russell, D.D. (Hobart, 1894), became 
assistant rector in March, 1868, and resigned in August, 1876, to 
become rector of St. Margaret's school. He continued to render 
frequent assistance both in St. John's and Trinity parishes and 
frequently conducted the service at St. Paul's, Waterville. He 
was born in Boston, June 10, 1828, has been professor of Rhetoric 
at Hobart, Berkeley and General Theological Seminary. He is 
at present living with his son Huntley Russell at Grand Rapids, 
Mich., but still retains the office of rector of St. Margaret's. 

The Rev. Joel Foote Bingham, D.D., became assistant rector 
in February, 1876. When he succeeded Dr. Clark as rector 
the Rev. Victor C. Smith became assistant, and held that posi- 
tion until May, 1878. The Rev. John H. White was assistant 
from that time until November 1, 1878, when he became rector 
of Grace church, Saybrook. From there he went to Saint Paul, 
Minn., and later became dean of the Theological school at Fari- 
bault, and in 1895 was elected bishop of Indiana. Mr. White 
was succeeded by the Rev. Rob Roy McGregor McNulty, who, 
as already stated, was elected rector on Dr. Bingham's resignation. 

The Rev. Melville K. Bailey, an assistant at St. Margaret's 
school, who had served as lay-reader before his ordination, be- 
came assistant in the spring of 1883, and resigned at Easter, 1885, 
to take charge of Trinity church, Branford. He went from there 
to Torrington, but is now one of the missionary assistants of 
Grace church, in New York city. 

The Rev. S. R. Holden became assistant in 1885, and resigned 
to take a school in Colorado, in the summer of 1887. 

60 




Rkv. Fu.vncis T. Russkll, D.D. 



THE NEW ERA. 

The Rev. John H, McCrackan became assistant in September, 
1891. The assistant has usually had charge of the Waterville 
chapel, which under Mr. McCrackan's management became quite 
prosperous. He resigned in November, 1894, since which time 
he has been mostly in Europe, serving as Chaplain of the American 
Chapel at Rome and several other points. He died in Germany 
in 1906. 

The Rev. J. N. Lewis, Jr., as has been said, became rector in 
1901. His first assistant was the Rev. Martin A. Barnes, who 
was born in Plymouth, Dec. 20, 1875, educated at Hillhouse School, 
New Haven, and St. Stephens College, Annandale, N. Y., and 
graduated at the Virginia Theological Seminary at Alexandria in 
1902 and came directly to St. John's, which he left in March, 1905, 
to accept a call at Fairmount, W. Va. 

His successor. Rev. Jacob Albert Biddle was born Dec. 24, 
1845, at Rochester, Stark Co., Ohio, graduated at Oberlin College 
1870, President of Philomath College, Oregon, 1871-2. B. D. 
Yale, 1875. Pastor First Congregational Church, Milford, Conn., 
1875-80. Pastor First Congregational Church, Oswego, N. Y., 
1880-83. Off duty from illness 1883-86. Chief Clerk, Connecti- 
cut Labor Bureau, 1886-88. Pastor Congregational Church, 
South Norwalk, 1888-1891. Confirmed in the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church by Bishop Barker at Grand Junction, Col., March 
1893. Ordained deacon by Bishop Williams at Middletown, 
May, 1893, appointed rector of St. Mary's, South Manchester, 
August 24, 1893, served until June, 1903. Ordained priest by 
Bishop Williams, June, 1894. Rector Grace Church, New Haven, 
September, 1903, to June, 1904. In Europe some months and 
came to Waterbury, March, 1905. Took charge of Memorial 
Church, North Brookfield, Mass., June, 1905. 

The Rev. Royal Ransom Miller came to St. John's July 5, 1905. 
He was born at Scottsville, N. Y., May 28, 1873, graduated at 
Harvard, 1899. Studied Theology at Cambridge and General 
Theological Seminary in New York. Ordained Deacon June 7, 
1905. Left St. John's on account of his health February 2, 1906. 

Rev. Charles Taber Hall became assistant July 1, 1906. He 
was born in Chelsea, Mass., July 18, 1880, prepared for college at 

61 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Everett High School and graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1903, and at Berkeley Divinity School in 1906; ordained at Trinity 
Church, Middletown, June 6, 1906. 

The following persons, born or in part educated here, have 
become Episcopal clergymen elsewhere. The list is probably 
incomplete. 

Rev. Alanson W. Welton, b. 1790 (son of Titus and Mary 
(Hickox) Welton, first resident Episcopal clergyman of Detroit, 
Mich., where he died September 28, 1822. There is a stained glass 
window to his memory in St. Paul's Church. He was educated 
at Cheshire Academy (Letter from Rev. X. A. Welton, Mav 27 
1873). 

James Nichols, son of James Nichols, b. December, 1748, 
graduated Yale, 1771. Went to England for ordination. Settled 
awhile at Plymouth and Bristol, removed to Litchfield and Salis- 
bury, later to Vermont; died at Stafford, N. Y., June, 1829. 

Elias Scovill, the third son of the Rev. James Scovil, was born 
in 1770. He succeeded his father as rector of Trinity Church, 
Kingston, N. B., and died there, February 10, 1841. 

Joseph Davis Welton, son of Richard Welton, was baptized 
June 1, 1783. He was ordained deacon December 18, 1808, and 
priest December 23, 1810. He preached at Woodbury and at 
Easton. He was compelled by illness to give up preaching, but 
taught school for a while, and died at Waterbury, January 16, 
1825. 

Ransom Warner, son of Obadiah Warner, was born May 6, 
1795. He was ordained deacon December 29, 1822, and priest 
November 4, 1823. He was for many years rector of St. Andrew's, 
Bloomfield, and died there June 18, 1856. 

Anson Clark, son of John and Mille (Munson) Clark, was born 
in Waterbury, December 10, 1806. He entered Kenyon college 
in the class of 1836, but at the close of his Sophomore year entered 
the Theological seminary of the Diocese of Ohio. He was rector 
for several parishes in Ohio and Illinois. 

The Rev. Herman Munson Clark, born August 29, 1789. I 
have no record of his services, which I think, were in Ohio. 

George Jarvis Geer, second son of the Rev. Alpheus Goer, was 

62 



THE NEW ERA. 

born here in 1820; graduated at Trinity College, 1842. He was 
ordained deacon June 29, 1845. He was rector of a church in 
New York city, where he died March 16, 1884. 

Abram Joseph Warner, youngest son of Ard Warner, was 
born July 1, 1821. He graduated at Trinity in 1842, and was 
tutor in Jubilee college from 1842 to 1845, He has since been 
rector of several churches at the West, and is now residing at 
Angelica, N. Y. 

The Rev. William Augustus Hitchcock, D.D., was the second 
son of William Rufus and Mary (Hull) Hitchcock, and was born 
January 29, 1834. He graduated at Trinity College, 1854, He 
graduated at the Berkeley Divinity school in 1857, and was chap- 
lain in the United States Navy for five years. He was afterwards 
rector at Portsmouth, N. H., at Pittsburg, Pa., at Batavia, N. Y., 
and at Buffalo, N. Y. He has several times represented his dio- 
cese in the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. He died in New York from the effect of an injury re- 
ceived on the railroad, February 10, 1898. 

Charles C. Coerr was born at Woodbury, August 12, 1848. 
He was a student of the Yale Medical school in 1867, but decided 
to become a candidate for orders, and graduated from the Berkeley 
Divinity school in 1871. From that time until 1882 he was con- 
nected with parishes in Brooklyn, Binghamton, Whitney's Point, 
where he was ordained deacon December 20, 1871, by Bishop 
Huntington, at Morris, N. Y., where he was ordained priest 
March 18, 1873, by Bishop Doane, and at Shakopee and Rochester, 
Minn. From 1878 to 1882 he was secretary of the Minnesota 
diocese. Since then his parishes have been Warsaw and Pal- 
myra, N. Y,, and Wilmington, N. C, Renovo, Penn., and is now 
(1906) at Marshall, Tex. 

Frederick R. Sanford, son of Rufus B. Sanford, was ordained 
deacon June 1, 1881, and priest June 23, 1882. He has been 
rector at East Haddam, at Warehouse Point and in California, 
at St. Paul's, Riverside, Conn., and is now at St. John's, North 
Haven. 



63 



CHAPTER IV. 



ADDITIONAL MEMORANDA. 



THE ecclesiastical corporations of Connecticut were modelled 
on Congregational forms, and the societies of other denomi- 
nations were created by giving them similar powers. As a 
consequence the governing officers of a society were called the 
society's committee. Some of the early records of St. John's 
parish speak of meetings of the "vestry," but the designation of 
vestrymen appears first in 1831, and does not appear again until 
1838, when it was voted "to appoint two wardens and five vestry- 
men, including the secretary and treasurer, and that the rector 
should be chairman of the vestry and parish meetings." It was 
not, however. Dr. Clark's custom to attend these meetings, unless 
some special business required it, nor did he then preside. In 1878 
an act was passed by the legislature authorizing the Diocesan Con- 
vention to regulate the organization of parishes, and a canon was 
adopted by the Convention, making the rector the presiding 
officer. 

April 13, 1868, this parish adopted the following rules: 

Whereas it is desirable that changes should from time to time 
be made in the members of the Vestry so that a greater number of 
persons may become familiar with and interested in the man- 
agement of its affairs, and whereas it is also desirable that a suffi- 
cient number of Vestrymen should be continued in office from 
year to year so that the Vestry may always contain persons of 
experience in the transaction of its business, therefore. Resolved, 
that hereafter and until otherwise ordered we will adopt the 
following rules, viz: 

1. The Vestry shall consist of fourteen persons for this year, 
and hereafter of twelve persons. 

2. Those persons chosen at the present meeting shall be 
divided by lots into three classes; the first class to consist of six 

64 



ADDITIONAL MEMORANDA. 

for the purpose of complying with aforesaid rule, and the other 
classes of four each. 

3. The first class shall not be eligible to re-election in 1876. 
The second class shall not be eligible in 1877 except as herein- 
after provided. 

4. No person shall hereafter be eligible for more than three 
successive years, unless for any reason more than four new mem- 
bers may be required. 

This rule is still in force and at each annual election the four 
members who have served for three years are dropped from the 
Vestry and new members elected in their place. 

Prior to 1833 the expenses of the parish were met by a tax laid 
on a list made from the grand list of the town. In October of 
that year a vote was passed to sell the slips, in order to raise money 
to defray ordinary expenses, and this course has since been adopted 
with the exception that in 1870, while the temporary chapel was 
occupied, the plan of free sittings and voluntary contributions 
was tried for six months, but it was not found satisfactory. 

In 1851 St. Paul's chapel at Waterville was consecrated as a 
chapel of St. John's church. A successful mission had been sus- 
tained there for some years, but it had outgrown its accommoda- 
tions. A flourishing Sunday school was in progress, and it was 
deemed advisable to build a chapel. For some time it was in 
charge of au assistant minister. Rev. Charles G. Acly, who resided 
there. In June, 1893, the anniversary of the establishment of the 
chapel was celebrated with special services, a report of which was 
published in a handsome pamphlet of 38 pages. A brief account 
of its change to a parish is given in another chapter under the head 
of St. Paul's, Waterville. 

On Easter Monday, 1852, the vestry by vote of the parish was 
authorized to light the church with gas. Prior to that time 
there was no gas for lighting purposes in the town, oil lamps being 
used. So l(jng as the old church (of 1795) stood, it was the cus- 
tom to illuminate it on Christmas eve by placing a candle at every 
alternate pane of glass. The effect, especially when the ground 
was white with snow, was brilliant and beautiful; but the fasten- 

65 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

ing to the windows of the wooden strips on which the candles were 
placed injured the church, and the tallow made a great many- 
grease spots. When the new church was built the custom was 
abandoned, to the great regret of many children and some grown 
people.* 

With occasional breaks, "tithingmen" were usually elected 
until 1849. Their duties were supposed to be to preserve order 
in the galleries, but the office had been a sinecure for a long time. 
The inference is — although we are little accustomed to think so — 
that there had been a gradual improvement in behavior among 
the children who attended church. It should, however, be noted 
that in the early days it was the custom for all the children, after 
they were eight or ten years of age, to sit in the gallery, and prob- 
ably the temptation to disorder was greater than when it became 
the custom for most of them to sit with their parents. 

SUNDAY SCHOOL. 

Just when the Sunday School was established does not appear 
from any known record. Mr. Barlow had one, as Mrs. Marcia 
Warner Bolster remembers, when he and William H. Scovill, 
William R. Hitchcock, Misses Caroline and Mary Scovill were in 
the habit of coming to Waterville to hold a Sunday School in 
some of the private houses. 

In 1869, Dr. Clark held what he called the 34th Anniversary 
of the Sunday School, but this probably meant the 34th public 
anniversary. 

The Sunday School did not begin to play a conspicuous part 
in church work until after Dr. Clark's arrival. 

In his plan it took the foremost place. Every child was ex- 
pected to be a pupil and all persons who were so situated as to 
attend it were expected to act as teachers. The Doctor himself 



*"Aunt Sue" Bronaon, widow of Ezra Bronson, Esq., was an ardent churchwoman, 
but she thought "Christmas greens" savored of popery. The boys used to amuse them- 
selves by putting the rails of her pew full of them, boring holes for the purpose in the rails 
of the pews with gimlets, and she would not take her seat until she had pulled them all out 
and thrown them on the floor. She hved to be 93 and was very active almost to the day 
of her death. Her house was near the church, directly on the street in front of the present 
Kendrick block. 

66 



ADDITIONAL MEMORANDA. 

was always superintendent. The instruction was along the pre- 
scribed lines, but in many cases the inspiring influence of intelli- 
gent men and women was brought to bear on classes and on 
individuals to their lasting benefit. 

There was in those days a county clerical meeting held from 
time to time, several times in a year at different places, corre- 
sponding somewhat to our present Archdeaconry meetings. 
Sometime in the fall one was usually held in Waterbury, and Dr. 
Clark so arranged it that the Anniversary of the Sunday School 
should be held at the same time. The whole afternoon was given 
up to it. The children assembled in the church and marched, 
with the county clergy at their head, to some public hall, where 
hymns were sung, speeches made, and last but best of all, cakes, 
candies, oranges and various small gifts that delight children were 
freely distributed; also the names of those who had not missed any 
Sunday School exercise during the year were publicly read. It 
was the great day of the year for the Sunday School children and 
it certainly was not the smallest day for Dr. Clark. On these 
occasions he was ubiquitous. He knew every child. He had 
something to say to each, and it had a personal and peculiar tone 
so that each child felt that he or she was known and reckoned on 
as part of the organization. 

Mr. Nelson J. Welton says he was eight years old when Dr. 
Clark came here and had been in the Sunday School for two or 
three years; that the Doctor said to him, " Now you know all these 
people and I want you to take charge of the distribution of this 
magazine." Of course he felt at once that he was an impor- 
tant factor in the establishment. This is so characteristic of 
Dr. Clark's method that I have thought it worthy of preserva- 
tion. 

Since Dr. Clark's day the Sunday School has remained a promi- 
nent feature in the Church's work, but the growth of the city 
and the change of customs has rendered this great show day of 
the Sunday School year impracticable. At present it claims to 
be the largest organization of the sort in the Diocese, and as 
already noted. Dr. Clark made the same claim for it twenty years 
ago. The Sunday School is divided into three sections; there 

67 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

being a primary department; each section has a superintendent. 
The present number of pupils is 550. 

The Life of Archbishop Cranmer by the Rev. John N. Norton, 
D.D., rector of Ascension Church, Frankfort, Ky.; N. Y. General 
Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union and Church Book 
Society, 1863, is stated on page 5 as published through the 
offerings of the Sunday School of St. John's Church, Waterbury, 
Conn. This is evidently Dr. Clark's work, but I do not know the 
history of it. 

The Sewing school of St. John's parish was organized about the 
year 1864, Mrs. Anna G. Clark and Mrs. William Lamb being the 
ladies most active in its formation. In its first corps of teachers 
were Miss Ann Ophelia Sperry, Mrs. Elizabeth Smith, Misses 
Susan Cook, Etta Scovill, and Charlotte B. Merriman. Until 
the end of 1868, the school was carried on in the chapel of the 
old church, afterwards in the upper chapel of the present church, 
and since 1890 in the assembly room of the parish house. 

Mrs. Clark was its superintendent until the autumn of 1880, 
when Miss Alice Kingsbury took charge of it for a year. Since 
that time it has been conducted by Misses Helen Merriman, Mary 
Barlow and Alice Field. During the last year there were 143 
names on the record of children who attended the school, and 
there was an average attendance of over sixty. The expenses of 
the school are met by offertories taken in the church. Within 
the last year, 1906, this school has been united with a larger and 
more general organization, which is held in the Leavenworth Hall 
on Holmes avenue and known as the Industrial School. 

The "Brotherhood of St. Andrew" was established on St. 
Andrew's day, 1883. Chapter No. 313 was organized in St. 
John's church on March 15, 1889, under the name of St. John's 
chapter. Eight young men were enrolled by the rector at that 
time, on their taking the vows of the brotherhood. The active 
members numbered at one time sixteen. 

The order of "Daughters of the King" came into being in 
New York city in 1885.* 



*This order, which is confined to the Protestant Episcopal church, must be distin- 
guished from the order of "King's Daughters," whicu has circles in most of the other 
Protestant denominations. 

68 



ADDITIONAL MEMORANDA. 

St. John's chapter was organized in May, 1891, through the 
influence of a member of the order residing in New Haven. Thirty- 
nine members have been invested with the badge of the order, — 
a cross, bearing the inscription, " Magnanimiter crucem sustine." 

The Diocesan Conventions for 1821, 1851, 1858, 1876 and 1897 
were held in Waterbury, also a convention of lay delegates in 1788. 

In April, 1872, John H. Sandland, after forty-two years of 
continuous service, resigned his position as the leading tenor 
singer, and the rectors and the parish united in a testimonial in 
recognition of his long and faithful service. 

On December 29, 1872, Theodore Ives Driggs, after serving as 
organist for twenty-nine years tendered his resignation on account 
of physical infirmity, and resolutions were passed recognizing 
his long and useful service. Charles H. Smith was appointed in 
his place, but resigned September 13, 1874, on account of illness, 
and died soon after. After a brief term of service by Charles H. 
Hendee, Mr. Driggs having in a measure regained his health 
returned to his position, and retained it until about a year before 
his death. 

Mr. Driggs deserves something more than a casual mention in the History 
of St. John's Church. He was the son of Dr. Asa Johnson Driggs of Cheshire, 
and was born there October 25, 1829. His mother died soon after, and his 
father, leaving home for a prolonged absence, placed him with Mr. Adna 
Whitin, of Whitin's Basin (now Plainville), where he remained until he was 
twelve years old. Mr. Whitin owned boats on the canal and one of Mr. Driggs 
early recollections is of going to New Haven on the boat with the Amistad 
negroes when they were being returned under decision of the U. S. Sup. Court. 
He particularly remembered Cinquez, the leader, with his filed teeth. 

When Mr. Driggs was twelve his father returned and took him home 
where he fitted for college and graduated at Trinity in 1848, before he attained 
the age of nineteen. The same year he came to Waterbury as assistant to 
Charles Fabrique in the High School and remained imtil 1852, when he relin- 
quished the place on account of some trouble with his throat and took a place 
as bookkeeper with Abbott & Wardwell. 

In September, 1855, he entered the employment of the American Pin 
Company and as bookkeeper, secretary and president he remained with the 
Company imtil his death. He took an active interest in educational matters 
and the schools of the town are largely indebted to his energy and abiUty. 

He was secretary and trustee of St. Margaret's School for girls from its 
organization until his death. He was also a member and secretary of the 

69 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Board of Agents of the Bronson Library. During the greater portion of this 
whole time he was organist and musical manager for St. John's, a teacher in 
the Svmday School and for many years agent of the parish and vestry. He 
died June 28, 1893. 

On March 29, 1875, John W. Smith, after a service of more 
than a quarter of a century as leading singer, resigned his position. 
His prolonged, gratuitous and faithful services were recognized 
in suitable resolutions. He died at Brooklyn, N. Y., Dec. 5, 1905' 



70 



CHAPTER V. 



THE LAITY. 



ON looking over what has ah-eady been written this history- 
appears, mainly, to be an account of the clergymen who 
have officiated here and of the various church buildings 
which have been erected and of the church lands which have 
been bought and sold. 

It would seem as if more should be said of the people who con- 
stituted the church and for whose training in grace and religious 
intelligence and for whose moral uplifting the church was founded, 
and by whose labors and prayers and contributions it has been 
sustained. 

The church records do not show much of the church life. They 
are the bald records of votes taken to render action legal. They 
show nothing of the private and public discussions of which these 
votes were the outcome; nor of the power of the personal equation, 
of the yielding of preferences, of submitting to the inevitable, of 
afflictions and hopes and prejudices, jealousies, spites and hatreds, 
which swelter and ferment in all communities and finally all 
simmer themselves down into a well rounded "whereas" or 
"forasmuch" or "be it considered" which some shrewd brother 
has drawn up as representing as near as may be a consensus of 
opinion. All these other things, if we are to have them at all, 
must be constructed from detached fragments and by imagination. 

In the early days of the church, agriculture was the chief 
occupation and main dependence of the people and their property 
was mostly in land. Waterbury was a rather poor township of 
land and the people were relatively poor. Watertown and Ply- 
mouth were both better townships than Waterbury. 

The Rev. Dr. Clark, in a history of St. John's which he prepared to read 
before the New Haven County Convention, held at West Haven, December, 
18G3, says, "the place itself, it should be remembered, though now a thriving 
city, was at one period, if tradition speaks truly, lower than either of the six 

71 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

towns colonized from it, in business, talent, credit and morals. The venerable 
Dr. Holcomb, who has been for more than fifty years a resident of Watertown 
haa told me with a coolness and appearance that could admit of no question 
that he could remember the time when no prudent farmer in Watertown 
would trust any man in Waterbury the price of a load of hay over night; and 
aged men in Wolcott have assured me that at one time Wolcott would have 
felt disgraced had Waterbury been placed in favorable comparison with her 
" in any of the elements of municipal dignity and prosperity.' ' 

The late Judge Holbrook Curtis of Watertown also told me that in his 
early practice the only way to get anything out of a Waterbury creditor was 
to get the deputy sheriff to take a receipt for property attached and then sue 
the sheriff on the bond; and he named one young man who was ambitious to 
serve as deputy sheriff who spent a very handsome inheritance in paying 
other people's debts. 

Of course it is not to be supposed that the above remarks applied with 
strictness to every resident in Waterbury, but there was sufficient truth in the 
general statement to render it not open to the charge of maUcious slander, 
although perhaps the charge of a healthy jealousy might have held. 

Probably the best tract of land in Waterbury was on Buckshill 
and here were a few of the most thriving citizens. Still, for some 
reason which is not fully clear to me, the village, the center, seems 
always to have held a social pre-eminence. 

Probably it was because this was the residence of the pro- 
fessional men; the clergy, doctors and lawyers, also the merchants 
— people who had more ready money than the farmers, although 
their property may not have been so valuable; perhaps the greater 
educational facilities of the village had an influence. 

More of the people of sui)erior intellect were also gathered here, 
although others who were their equals were scattered in the 
outlying districts. But Parsons Southmayd and Leavenworth, 
who were over the Congregational Church for one hundred years, 
and Parson Scovill, who was over the Episcopal Church for twen- 
ty-six years; Daniel Southmayd, son of the parson, who though 
he died young had achieved a sterling reputation, and Judge 
Hopkins, who was judge of the County Court, and Dr. Baldwin, 
who was a man of ability and who married a daughter of Parson 
Leavenworth, were all men of mark, men of learning, acquainted 
with and known to the outside world, and whose families wwe 
brought in contact with the cultivated people of the State. 

72 



THE LAITY. 

It may be that we can find here sufficient reason for this social 
pre-eminence. Now aside from Parson Scovil and his family and 
Captain George Nichols and his family, there do not appear to 
have been any people of social prominence, in the village, connected 
with the Episcopal Church. 

Mr. John Cossitt was a worthy man living in the village and a 
prominent Episcopalian, but not prominent socially. I think he 
went West about 1820. 

James Brown has already been mentioned. The Gunns, who 
are noticed as having a child baptized in 1734, lived at Gunntown, 
the western part of Naugatuck. They must have been Episco- 
palians for sometime, possibly were before James Brown's advent. 
We have no information in regard to this. The Gunns were 
forehanded people and large landholders, but not socially promi- 
nent. They were people who had the courage of their convictions 
and were mostly tories during the Revolution. 

Captain John Welton and Richard Welton of Buckshill have 
already been spoken of and there were several other families of 
Weltons in that vicinity who were highly respected members of 
the Episcopal Church, although not especially active. There 
were several families of the name of Warner in the eastern part 
of the town, some of whom were quite active in church matters. 
Several of these moved to Ohio in the early part of the last cen- 
tury. Mr. Edmund Austin of East Farms was a highly respected 
farmer and a churchman. He had a number of daughters, one 
of whom married Rev. Ransom Warner of Simsbury, whose grand- 
daughter is the wife of Bishop Woodcock of Louisville, Ky. 
Another daughter married Samuel W. Hall, who gave the money 
which led to the founding of Trinity Church. 

These people all attended church regularly, many of them 
driving several miles (or sometimes walking) in order to do so 
(there were usually three services each Sunday besides Sunday 
School); and they trained their children to the same habit of 
attending services. 

Elias Clark of Buckshill and Humphrey Nichols of Horse Pas- 
ture were very regular church goers and represented a class of 
people which in these days seldom go to church anywhere. 

73 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Perhaps Mr. Barber exerted as strong an influence in the town 
as any clergyman about that period, but it was through his school, 
which was excellent and was attended by children of all denomi- 
nations. Although a very intense churchman, I never heard of 
any attempt on his part to proselyte. 

For many years prior to 1830 very little change had taken 
place in the population of the town; there were no new people for 
a clergyman to work for or upon except as the children grew up. 
Now and then some man, sometimes three or four men, would 
dislike the clergyman or the taxes or something else and would 
leave the Congregational Church and join the Episcopal; now 
and then an Episcopal man or woman would marry a Congrega- 
tionalist and bring him or her into the Church. The late Dr. 
Leonard Bacon of New Haven said "Anger and marriage were 
always converting ordinances," and it is very true. 

About 1830 a very noticeable change began. Mr. William H. 
Scovil, a grandson of the Rev, James Scovil, had been for a num- 
ber of years a successful merchant in North Carolina. He returned 
to Waterbury in 1827. He was not only a zealous churchman, 
but he was an active worker in anything in which he took an inter- 
est. He had what is called the power of the initiative. His 
brother Lampson (J. M. L.) was a man of much energy, although 
having less of this peculiar power, and was always ready to assist 
William in his plans and was soon aroused to an active interest 
in church matters. 

The town began to grow and the church began to grow. A 
few years later, Mr. John P. Elton and Mr. S. M. Buckingham 
came here from Watertown and engaged in business. They took 
an active interest in church work. Mr. Leonard Piatt, educated 
as a Baptist but joining the Episcopal Church, was immersed 
at his desire by Rev. Mr. Barlow. 

Dr. Daniel Porter was immersed at the same time. This 
took place in the Naugatuck river, just below the West Main 
street bridge. Mr. Piatt became a very active member of the 
church. He was a warden and often acted as lay reader in the 
absence of the clergyman and was very efficient in all chiiii h 
affairs. 

74 



THE LAITY. 

• Mr. Austin Steele was a churchman and a man of great taste 
and had considerable experience in building. Soon after the 
new church began to be talked of in 1847, he happened upon a 
large lot of black walnut for sale. He bought the whole of it 
and the church was finished with it. He also had an eye on the 
construction and was instrumental in getting the great Chancel 
window of St. John wi-iting the Apocalypse. 

It was mainly these men who built the church of 1848, the first 
stone church, and who were also responsible for the extensive 
alterations and improvements of the old church in 1831 and 1837, 
and this brings us down to the era of people now living. 

It is worthy of note that there has never been anything in 
St. John's Church like a church quarrel. Never any serious dis- 
agreement on any subject, whether material, doctrinal or liturgi- 
cal. They have all been of one mind. When Trinity Church was 
formed all were agreed, all helped. It is a praiseworthy fact 
in the church's history. 

The life of a church both corporate and spiritual is largely 
dependent on its female members, but their names and labors are 
seldom preserved unless it may be in the evanescent records of 
temporary organizations. Still year by year their power for good 
in the church is more and more felt and they are making for them- 
selves a name which may be capable of being recorded. 

Of women of this sort St. John's Church had its full share, 
but we can only quote St. Luke and say "Of honorable women 
not a few." 



76 



CHAPTER VI. 



MUSIC. 



AT a meeting of the Vestry in 1761, Ebenezer Warner, Samuel 
Brown, Hezekiah Brown, Siba Bronson and William Scovil 
were appointed to assist in tuning the psalms. The same 
persons appear to have been continued until 1773, when Isaac 
Benham and Ephraim Warner are added, some of the others 
having died or dropped out; they are then spoken of as " Quoir- 
isters. " Stephen Welton is added in 1780. Thomas Miles Culver, 
in 1783, and John Dowd and Thomas Dixon, in 1785, Bennet 
Humiston, in 1786, Asa Beach and Joseph Tirrell, in 1787 — when 
they are called "Choristers." John Clark, Reuben Prichard and 
Azor Bronson are added in 1790, Samuel Welton, in 1792, and 
Herman Bronson, Abram Hickox and Preserved Hickox, 1793. 
John Clark, Jr., Obadiah Warner and Henry Benham, in 1794, 
Preserved Hickox and Seymour Wilson in 1795., 

In 1797 it is voted to pay what is wanting to settle with Mr. 
Benham for singing at the dedication. 

Nothing more appears on the record until 1811, when it is voted 
to employ some suitable person to teach singing at an expense not 
to exceed twenty dollars and to solicit subscriptions for the same. 

1828 it is voted to pay Samuel Cook thirty dollars for singing 
the ensuing year. 

Samuel Cook was quite a musician; he led the choir for many 
years; he played at times, the tenor viol, bass viol and double bass. 

About 1836 a singing school for all denominations was opened 
here by a Mr. Carter from somewhere in Litchfield County. He 
was an accomplished teacher, spending much effort on the train- 
ing of the pupils in time and gradually advancing them as they 
seemed to show ability. 

He was a rigid disciplinarian, and if he found a boy misbe- 
having or provokingly inattentive, he did not hesitate to box his 
ears with the long, old-fashioned tune book in a way that would 
be very apt to impress itself on a boy's memory. 

76 



MUSIC. 

In 1834 it was voted to appoint a committee to purchase an 
organ and to make the necessary changes (for placing it) in the 
gallery. 

1837, January 28, voted to contract with John Rowley, as 
organist, and John Sandland, Jr., as chorister. 

Before the purchase of the organ, several instruments, as the 
viols, flutes, clarinet and trombone were used as adjuncts in 
the choir and played by various people. Until 1892 the choir 
was a mixed choir of male and female voices. ]']lisha Rice was 
for several years quite prominent in the choir, frequently assisting 
in the rehearsals or singing schools, as they were called, also some- 
times leading the choir on Sunday. There was a Merriam family, 
who were conspicuous in the choir: Joseph, Abby, afterwards Mrs. 
John H. Sandland; Mary Ann, afterwards Mrs. Charles Perkins, 
and Maria, known as Miss Brainard, she having been brought up 
from a child by Mr. Brainard of Farmington, and having taken 
his name. She is still living, and although no longer a resident 
of Waterbury, has sung in the choir here not many years since. 
She became quite distinguished as a concert singer in New York. 

Almira Hoadley (afterwards Mrs. Nathan Merrill), was a lead- 
ing soprano for a long time and was paid a salary. She was suc- 
ceeded by Emma Hurlburt, afterwards Mrs. George L. Townsend. 
She was a salaried singer for many years, receiving at one time 
$400 a year. She sang in St. John's until Trinity was formed, 
and sang there for some time. John W. Smith was leading basso 
for twenty-five years. He later became a member of Trinity, 
but I think gave up singing before he left St. John 's. Miss Ellen 
Monson was for a number of years the leading contralto. Theo- 
dore I. Driggs became organist in 1848, and although occasionally 
obliged to suspend on account of ill health, he was practically 
the manager of the music of the church until about the time of his 
death. 

At one time a quartette consisting of John W. Smith, bass; 
John H. Sandland, tenor; Mrs. George L. Townsend, soprano, 
and Miss Ellen Monson, contralto, under Mr. Driggs's leadership, 
was regarded by good judges as the best quartette in the State. 

John Henry Wilcox, afterward a distinguished organist in 
Boston, and Lewis T. Downes, a native of Waterbury, and for 

77 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

many years a prominent citizen in Providence, R. L, each had 
charge of the organ for a while, about the time that Mr. Driggs 
came here. 

In 1892, under the auspices of the Rev. Dr. Rowland, it was 
decided to introduce an entire male choir, the soprano and alto 
being carried by boys' voices and all the choir to be uniformly 
dressed in cassocks and cottas. The changes were reported to 
the vestry January 18, 1893. 

About the same time the parish received from Mr. H. H. Peck 
(although for some years the donor was unknown) the gift of a chan- 
cel organ. This organ, built by Farrand & Votey, was placed in 
the north gallery with a console in front of the chancel, stalls 
being placed there for the choir. This necessitated taking out 
two rows of seats from the body of the church, but the choir seats 
accommodated as many persons. 

Joseph E. Bartlett, as organist took charge of the music. He 
was succeeded by William H. Minor, who is still in charge. A 
full choir consists of about forty-two members. The boys are 
paid five cents for each appearance, whether for service or rehearsal, 
and the leading singers, bass and tenor, are paid various amounts, 
as may be agreed from time to time, the whole matter being in 
charge of a committee on music appointed annually. 

At the last parish meeting $2500 was appropriated for music, 
also the Sunday evening offering. As late, certainly, as 1850, 
and perhaps later, the choir might be considered one of the social 
functions of the parish. The evening rehearsals were attended 
by the young men and the young women, and the young men 
saw that the young women were returned in safety to their homes, 
and the rehearsals were quite popular. On Sundays the choir sat 
in front of the organ in the gallery. I remember once when we 
were discussing a plan for a new church and the question was 
whether to have a gallery, one man remarked, " If it hadn't been 
for the gallery I should not have been in the church." Another 
said, "With me, it was rather the 'gal ' than the 'gallery', but the 
result was the same." 

I do not know how such affairs are managed now. Matters 
seem to progress very much after the old way; they no longer have 
the singing school to help them — but the result is the same. 

78 



CHAPTER VII. 

TRUST FUNDS. 

OLIVER WELTON'S gift, February, 1744-5, was for a glebe. 
This tract of land was subsequently leased for 990 years and 
the fund appears to have been used for the general pur- 
poses of the church. 

John Judd's gift of six and three-quarter acres (April 19, 1745) 
was for a glebe for the use of said church, in said place, forever. 
This was sold in 1897 by the permission of the Legislature and the 
proceeds are kept separate for the purposes of the gift, 

Thomas Barns's gift of nine acres and eighty rods (in same 
deed with John Judd) was leased for 990 years to Reuben Adams, 
April 19, 1784, for a payment, considered doubtless the full value 
of the land. The gift seems to have been for the same purpose 
as John Judd's and is included in the same deed, but the money re- 
ceived, so far as appears, was used for the general purposes of the 
church. 

The deed of eight acres on the south side of West Main Street 
from the Church Company, was without restriction. 

Mrs. Cotton's gift of $1,000 was without restriction. 

Charles Scott's gift of $5,000, received under his will July 20, 
1894, was without restriction, but is kept as a separate fund. 
He gave the same amount to Trinity Parish. 

May 20, 1903, Mrs. Mary E. Burrall gave $5,000, the income 
to be used for repairs or improvements in the church or rectory. 
This is kept as a separate fund. 

September 26, 1903, Miss Sarah Merriman left $1,000 to the 
church without restriction. 

$200 was given from the estate of Rev. Dr. W. A. Hitchcock 
for the endowment fund. 

Samuel W. Hall died March 5, 1877. 

In addition to a handsome bequest for a soldiers' monument and 

79 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

$15,000, which was the initiative of Trinity Church, he left the 
following bequests to St. John's Parish. 
From his will: 

Section Twenty-Third. 

I give and bequeath the St. John's Parish, of Waterbury, Five thousand 
dollars as a perpetual fund to be kept and managed by the legally constituted 
authorities of said parish, and the income of said fund and that only shall 
be used to repair, alter or add to the church edifice of said parish, and for no 
other purpose whatsoever. 

Section Twenty-Fourth, 

I give and bequeath to St. John's Parish the further sum of three thousand 
dollars as a perpetual fund, to be kept and managed by the legally constituted 
authorities of said parish, and the income of said fund and that only, shall 
be used to maintain the parish hbrary of said parish, and for no other purpose 
whatsoever. 

Section Twenty-Fifth. 

I give and bequeath to said St. John's Parish, of Waterbury, the further 
sum of ten thousand dollars for the establishment of a fund to be known aa 
the " Hall Fimd,' ' for the benefit and relief of the poor of said parish. Said 
fund shall be kept and managed by the legally constituted authorities of said 
parish, shall be a perpetual fund, and the income thereof, but no part of the 
principal sum, shall be expended in carrying out the purposes of this bequest. 
No payment of said income or any part thereof shall ever be made but upon 
orders drawn upon the treasurer of said parish, signed by the rector or assistant 
rector and at least one each of the wardens and vestrymen of said corporation. 

Section Twenty-Seventh. 

I give, devise and bequeath to James S. Elton, John C. Booth, Scovill M. 
Buckingham and Isaac E. Newton and their heirs, a legacy of ten thousand 
dollars, in trust, " to erect or purchase and maintain a suitable home for the 
widows and other indigent females of St. John's Parish, of said Waterbury, 
to be known as the St. John's Church Home.' ' 

The legacies under Sections 23, 24, and 25 were paid to the 
parish and are held for the purposes for which they were given. 

The 110,000 given to certain individuals and their heirs in 
trust, it was thought would result in making the heirs trustees, 
which would be embarrassing. An agreement was therefore made 
with Mr. Hall's residuary legatees by which the gift was allowed 
to lapse and was then made over by the residuary legatees to St. 
John's Parish for The Church Home and Charity Foundation. 

80 



TRUST FUNDS. 

This is all set forth in the following contract: 

Whereas, Samuel W. Hall, late of Waterbury, Conn., deceased, in a Will 
which bears date the 3d day of March, 1877, and was admitted to probate 
March 13th, 1877, by the twenty-seventh clause in said will, devised and be- 
queathed to James S. Elton, John C. Booth, Scovill M. Buckingham and Isaac 
E. Newton, and their heirs, a legacy of ten thousand dollars in trust " to erect 
or purchase and maintain a suitable home for the widows and other indigent 
females of St. John's Parish, of said Waterbury, to be known as the St. John's 
Church Home, which legacy was also devised and bequeathed on certain con- 
ditions within three years to be fulfilled" by the members of St. John's Parish. 

And whereas the Rev. Joel F. Bingham, on the 17th day of December, 1877, 
conveyed by good and sufficient deed to tlie St. John's Parish of Waterbury, 
which deed is recorded in the land records of the Town of Waterbury, Vol. 96, p. 
326 and 327, certain real estate therein described, in trust for the purposes of 
the St. John's Church Home and Charity Fovmdation as it is to be adminis- 
tered by said parish by the terms of said deed — a reference to which is hereby 
had for a full description of the purposes thereof. 

Now therefore, in case for any reason whatever, the said legacy of the said 
Samuel W. Hall shall lapse and revert to us, then and upon tliat condition 
we do subscribe hereby and agree to pay over to the said St. John's Parish, 
in trust for the purposes of the said St. John's Home and Charity Foundation, 
the amount of money, be it more or less, which may so revert to us under the 
conditions of said will. 

And it is understood, and this subscription is made on the further condition 
that at the end of the said three years there shall have been contributed and 
shall be in the possession of the said St. John's Parish, in trust for the purposes 
of the Home and Charity Foundation above named in money or other property, 
a value of not less than ten thousand dollars, and otherwise this subscription 
shall be void and of no effect. 

In witness whereof, we, the residuary legatees, in said will, have hereunto 
set oiu- hands and seals at said Waterbury, the twenty-first of February, 1878. 
Signed : 
Florence Hall, Bartolo L. D'Aubiqne, 

Clara M. Burritt, Margaret W. Hill, 

Angelo C. Burritt, John W. Hill. 

• Sarah L. D'Aubiqne, 

At a meeting of the Rector, Wardens and Vestry of St. John's 
Parish, held in the Chapel, March 3rd, 1880, the following was 
offered by F. J. Kingsbury: 

Whereas: John W. Hill, Margaret W. Hill, Angelo C. Burritt, Clara M. 
Burritt, Bartolo L. D'Aubigne, Sarah L. D'Aubigne and Florence Hall, resid- 
uary legatees under the will of the late Samuel W. Hall, have given to this 
parish the sum of ten thousand dollars, upon certain considerations, for cer- 

81 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

tain purposes and upon certain conditions, as set forth in a certain agreement 
and writing dated February 2d, 1878, and recorded in the records of the par- 
ish; one of the said conditions being, "that at the end of three years from 
March 3, 1877, there shall have been contributed and shall be in possession 
of said St. John's Parish in trust for the purposes of the Home and Charity 
Foundation above named in money or other property, a value of not less than 
ten thousand dollars," which condition has been complied with; therefore, 

Voted : That this parish accept said sum of ten thousand dollars contributed 
by said residuary legatees, and said further and other money and property, 
in trust for the purposes named or referred to, in said agreement and writing. 

On motion, the preamble and vote was unanimously adopted. 

On motion, voted that the clerk be instructed to transmit a copy of the 
foregoing preamble and vote, to each of the Executors of the late S. W. Hall, 
deceased. 

On motion, adjourned. Attest: Nelson J. Welton, Clerk. 

This may certify that I left at the usual places of abode of James S. Elton, 
Angelo C. Burritt, Executors of the late Samuel W. Hall, deceased, true copies 
of the foregoing preamble and vote, this 3rd day of March, 1880. 

Attest: Nelson J. Welton, Clerk. 
At a meetiing of the Wardens and Vestry of St. John's Parish, 
held in the Church, December 25th, 1877, the Rev. Joel Foot 
Bingham, Rector of said Parish, presented for the acceptance of 
the Parish, a deed, conveying to this parish certain lands therein 
described, in trust, for the purpose of owning and supporting 
within the limits and jurisdiction of this parish, a church home, 
orphanage, hospital, chapels, schools and other religious and chari- 
table agencies, which are appropriate to the intentions of said 
trust. 

Therefore, Resolved: That said deed be and is hereby accepted by this 
parish, including the trusts therein designated, and the thanks are due, and 
are hereby most cordially tendered to the Rector and such other benevolent 
persons as have contributed to such charitable and religious purposes. 

Copy of deed accepted by the Wardens and Vestry in behalf 
of the parish, December 25th, 1877. 
To aU people to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting: 

Know ye, that I, the Reverend Joel Foote Bingham, Doctor in Divinity, 
rector of St. John's Parish, Waterbury, Connecticut, and Pastor of the Congre- 
gations thereto belonging, in consideration of the needs of the destitute, the 
sick and the friendless in the said congregations and city, and in consideration 
of my desire and purpose to alleviate said need and suffering and in further 

82 



TRUST FUNDS. 

consideration of the convenient organization and lawful capacities of the said 
parish, but receiving from the said parish neither directly nor indirectly there- 
for any money, profit, emolument or other valuable consideration, except the 
hope and prospect of the faithful and gratuitous fulfillment of this trust, do 
give, grant, bargain, sell and confirm unto said St. John's Parish, an ecclesias- 
tical corporation located in the city of Waterbury, New Haven County, State 
of Coxmecticut, in trust, the following pieces or parcel of land lying in the 
said city of Waterbury, situated south westerly from Center Square at Brook- 
lyn, so called, on the corner of Leonard and Dodd Streets; bounded northward 
one hundred and sixty-five (165) feet on land of John C. Booth and Nelson 
J. Welton; easterly one hundred and fifty-three (153) feet on Leonard Street; 
southerly one hundred and sixty-five (165) feet on Dodd Street, and westerly 
one hundred and fifty-three (153) feet on land of John C. Booth and Nelson 
J. Welton. The corners being right angles. Being lots Nos. 87, 88, 89 and 93 
on Booth and Welton's survey of the Porter farm; for the purposes of owning 
and supporting within the limits and jurisdiction of said Parish, a Church 
Home, Orphanage, Hospital, Chapels, Schools and any other rehgious and 
Charitable Agencies which are appropriate to the intention of this trust. 
Being the same premises lately conveyed to me from John C. Booth and Nelson 
J. Welton, purchased with money deposited with me in trust by sundry and 
divers benevolent persons, to be used in my discretion for the aforesaid chari- 
table and religious purposes. 

To have and to hold the above granted and bargained premises with the 
appurtenances thereof, unto the said Grantee and its successors forever, to it 
and their proper use and behoof for the purposes aforesaid. And also I, the 
said grantor, do for myself, my heirs, executors and administrators, covenant 
with the said grantee and its successors, that at and until the ensealing of these 
presents I am well seized of the premises as a good, indefeasible estate in fee 
simple and have good right to bargain and sell the same in manner and form 
as is above written, and that the same is free from all incumbrances whatsoever. 

In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 18th day 
of December, A. D., 1877. 
Signed, sealed and delivered 

In presence of: , , > , 

J. W. Webster, (Signed) J. F. Binoham. < seal \ 

Wm. W. Bonnett, ^ ■ — V — ' '' 

New Haven Coonty, ss: 

Waterbury, December 18th, 1877. 
Personally appeared Joel Foote Bingham, signer and sealer of the foregoing 
instrument, and acknowledged tlie same to be his free act and deed before me. 

John W. Webster, 

Notary PubUc. 

The above is recorded in Waterbury Land Records, Vol. 9G, 
Pages 326 and 327. 

83 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

To the ParUhioners of St. John's Parish in anmial meeting assembled: 

Gentlemen : — I transmit herewith my annual abstract of the various charita- 
ble accounts which are kept under my hand, and also the approximate inven- 
tory of the moneys and property held by me and by the parish, in trust for 
the St. John's Church Home and Charity Foundation. 

During the year, acting on my best judgment, and with the advice and 
concurrence of the trustees named in the 27th clause of the will of the late 
lamented Mr. S. W. Hall and of the Wardens and Vestrymen of St. John's 
Parish and with the approbation of the Bishop of the Diocese, I have selected, 
purchased and conveyed to the parish, in trust, a very eligible site on South 
Leonard St. (West Side) for the future buildings of the Home and Charity 
Foundation of the congregations belonging to this parish. 

As will appear from the appendix to the enclosed inventory, I have in 
subscriptions, conditional and otherwise (besides the subscription of the 
residuary legatees of Mr. Hall, based upon the 27th clause of his will, which 
subscription will be presented and read to the meeting of the executors of 
that will) a considerable amount given especially for the erection on the 
above mentioned lots of a suitable chapel, as the first in a series of future 
erections to include beside the Home proper with its chapel for the accommoda- 
tion of both sexes, also in time, an orphanage for both sexes, and a creche, or 
day-nursery, with the attendant church schools, and a General church hospital. 
Beside the ground, (which we have) this will eventually involve, in the cost 
of buildings and in funds invested for its support, not less than $100,000, which 
I hope and believe will be realized, though we may not see the day. 

The amount of property already in the trust of the parish; the invested 
funds now in hand; the subscriptions for the chapel lying on call; the condi- 
tional subscriptions on Mr. Hall's legacy; and at least two considerable legacies, 
still future, of which the rector has been notified and which are liable at any 
time to fall in; constitute together a charge so important that I recommend and 
request the appointment by the parish at the present annual meeting, of a 
committee of two or three to carry forward in conjunction with the rector, the 
necessary subscriptions and the general management of the whole trust. 

Respectfully and faithfully yours, 

Easter Monday, A. D., 1878. ^- ^- ^'^^^^^' R^«tor. 

The parish did not deem it desirable to pursue Dr. Bingham's 
plan of building in the Brooklyn District, and it was voted that 
he be asked to execute a release of any claim he may have on said 
land, he having taken the title in his own name and executed a 
deed of trust to the parish. 

This deed was subsequently given by Dr. Bingham April 28, 
1884, and the title is now clear in the parish, and several pieces 
of the land in the Brooklyn District have been sold, 

84 



TRUST FUNDS. 

The constitution of a board of managers for the Hall Funds will 
be found in the Extracts from Church Records, Chapter VIII. 

Tkust Funds. 

$10,000 
5,000 
3,000 



The Hall Poor Fund, 
The Hall Repair Fund, , 
The Hall Library Fund, . 
The Glebe Fund, . 
The Charles Scott Fund, . 
The E. M. Burrall Fund, . 
The Sarah Merriman Fund 
The W. A. Hitchcock Fund, 
The Endowment Fund, . 



30,500 

5,000 

5,000 

1,000 

200 

605 











60,305 


SouBCEs OP Yearly Income, 1906. 




Pew Rents, 


. $5,979.50 


Envelope Fund, . . . . . 


. 1,800.00 


Other Donations, 


610.53 


Interest Account, ..... 


. 2,404.49 




10,794.52 


St. John's Church Expenses, 1906. 




Clergymen's Salaries,, ..... 


$4,500.00 


Organist and Musical Expenses, 








. 3,000.00 


Sexton, etc., .... 








950.00 


Lighting .... 








370.00 


Heating, .... 








540.00 


Insurance, .... 








500.00 


Repairs, .... 








900.00 


Water, . ... 








165.00 


Convention Fund, 








71.22 


Bishop's Fund, . . . 








94.96 




11,091.18 


Inventory of Church Property. 




St. John's Church of 1873 and land 


$200,000.00 


Parish House and land of Mrs. Duel, 






25,000.00 


State Street Lot .... 






7,000.00 


Rectory, ..... 






25,000.00 


Land in Brooklyn District, . 






5,000.00 


Land in Park 






200.00 


Mortgages and Savings Bank deposits, mostly repre 


- 


senting trust funds, 


• 


• 


• 


60,805.00 



323.005.00 



85 



CHAPTER VIII. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS WITH SOME NOTES. 

THE earliest record which we have in point of date is an entry 
on page eight of our oldest record book as follows: — 

"Mr. Joseph Bronson's record, transcribed for the year 
1758. July ye 17, 1758, at a vestry held in the church, it was 
voted that we would give Mr. Scovil twenty pound sterling a 
year and the yues (use) of the Gleeb, provided he get nothing at 
hum, and it was agreed that we should have half the (amount) 
got at hum. 

At the same meeting it was voted that we would give him 
twenty-two pound, ten shillings, sterling, to carry him hum. 

At the same meeting it was voted that John Brown and John 
Welton should make the rate and collect the money for Mr. Scovil. 

March the 31, 176(0) ? a vestry holden in the church it was voted 
that we would finish the upper part of the church. At the same 
vestry it was voted that Capt. Geo. Nichols, Ins. (ensign) Warner 
and Abraham Hickox should be trustees to provide and carry on 
the work and to make a rate, and Elezar Prindle appointed to 
collect the rate and collect it on December next. " 

Our first record book begins, "At a vestre holden in St. Jamses 
Church at Waterbury, on the 6th day of April, 176(1) [this last 
figure is worn off, but the next meeting is March, 1762]. At said 
vestry Mr. Thomas Osborn was chosen clerk by the vestry. Mr. 
James Scovil [the rector] at said vestry; Timothy Porter and 
John Welton was chosen Church Wardens. 

Voted in said vestry to give the Widow Harrison £1. 8. 0. that 
was due her on account of some work that her husband was to due 
to the church; voted in said vestry that Ebenezer Warner should 
assist in tuning the psalm; voted in said vestry that Samuel Brown 
should assist in tuning the psalm; voted in said vestry that Heze- 
kiah Brown should assist in tuning the psalm. 

86 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

Voted in said vestry that we will meet in the church on Sun- 
days and read prayers when Mr. Scovil is absent. Voted in the 
vestry that Mr, Scovil shall have what is due for the rent of the 
Glebe, 

March 17, 1762 — Voted, David Warner, Abraham Hickox, 
Elezar Prindel, should be a societies committee. [Whether 
this congregationalist nomenclature was with reference to some 
legal question as to parish organization or whether it was a recur- 
rence from habit to the congregational form, they having all been 
brought up Congregationalists, I do not know, but this phrase, 
"Societies Committee" is frequently used in the records for 
many years, and seems to have been considered an equivalent for 
vestrymen in its present acceptance. I think the word "vestry," 
as used in the early records, signified a meeting of the parish or of 
the Church authorities.] 

At this same meeting a vote was passed appointing John Wel- 
ton, Ebenezer Warner, Capt, Geo, Nichols, to examine into the 
circumstances of the lands belonging to this town, that is given 
for public use. [Doubtless the question in mind was whether 
some of it could not be made available for the Episcopal Church,] 

Voted that Mr, Scovil shall have the foremost pew next the 
alley, in the east end of the church, [Mr, Scovil married Amy, 
daughter of Capt. Geo, Nichols, November 17, 1762.] 

2d day of March, 1763, Voted that the vestry will be at the 
cost of a vestry book. [This is doubtless the book from which 
these records are taken. It is a well made book about twelve 
and one-half by nine and one-quarter inches, bound in parchment 
or vellum, and having approximately 400 pages.] 

Voted to raise Mr, Scovil's rate for the present year. 

Voted to give Mr, Scovil one penny and a half penny on the 
pound this present year. 

Voted in said vestry that the over plush money of Mr, Scovil's 
rate in the year 1762 shall be put into the hands of the committee. 

Voted in said vestry that the money that is in hands of the 
Church Wardens that belongs to the Church, shall be laid out to 
furnish the communion table and to get a cboshion for the pulpit, 
and other things necessary for the pulpit and the reading desk. 

87 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

At a meeting of the vestry holden in St. Jameses Church, at 
Waterbury, on the 6th day of March, 1764. 

Voted — That the committee shall have full power to act with 
respect to the ministerial money as they shall think best. [The 
clerks do not sign the records, but Thomas Osborn appears to have 
remained clerk until the 6th of March, 1765, when Abraham 
Hickox was elected. A vote was also passed directing parents to 
hand in the children's names for baptism, in writing, which writ- 
ing the rector was to deliver to the paiish clerk for record, and 
immediately following this is a list of the names of children christ- 
ened. These names Miss Katharine A, Prichard has recorded 
in the genealogical record of the History of Waterbury.] 

At a meeting of the vestry held April 1, 1766. Voted — That 
Mr. Scovil and the Church Wardens should get, with part of the 
Church Stock, conveniences for communion and Chrisning children 
for the church at Wes'tr'y. [This was the year following the erec- 
tion of the church at Westbury (Watertown).] 

At this meeting it was also voted "to give the Reverent Mr. 
Scovil thirty pounds lawful money for the year 1767, as a sallery 
for his service in preaching this year." 

At a vestry held March 18, 1767, was chosen Capt. Edward 
Scovil, Joh Welton, Abraham Hickox to go to Northbury and New 
Cambridge to confer with them about a division of the Mishon. 
Voted that we will exert ourselves for a division of the mishon. 

March 29, 1769, it was voted that said vestry are willing that 
Northbury and Westbury should have the liberty to get them a 
minister when they should think proper. 

At the same meeting voted that Abraham Hickox, Capt. 
John Welton, Capt. Edward Scovil be a committee with discretion- 
ary power to sue or otherwise recover the money belonging to 
said church, by vote of the town of Waterbury in the year 1770. 

Voted that Westbury shall have their part of Mr. Scovil's ser- 
vices of preaching according as their list draws til there shall come 
a minister to Northbury and New Cambrige. 

Voted that we will give Northbury and New Cambrige towards 
a man going to take holy orders, £30. lawful money. 

Voted, that we will pay £45. sterling a year salary, to be 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

paid to the minister of the Church of England, in case Northbury 
and New Cambrige provide for themselves, which vote is to con- 
tinue in force; until the said Northbury and Cambrige obtain 
benefaction fiora the Society, or so long as Mr. Scovil shall serve 
in this mission. 

At a vestry held April 15th, 1772, voted to chuse a Comity to try 
by confering with other comitties from other parts of the mishon 
to get another minister to the mishon or to get the mishon divided: 
David Warner, Capt. John Welton, Doc. Timothy Porter, Abra- 
ham Hickox, Enos Gunn and Benjamin Benham were appointed 
the committee. 

[During the Revolution meetings were regularly held and the 
ordinary appointments made and the christenings recorded.] 

Nov. 8, 1783, voted that Mr. Scovill should have liberty to 
pull down the Glebe house, leaving the chimney and reserving 
the glass for the church. 

Nov. 8, 1784 — Voted to give Rev. Mr. Scovil £55 salary for 
the ensuing year, including Westbury, for a portion according to 
the original agreement, the above said salary to be paid by the 
first of March ensuing. [This record is of a meeting of the 
Episcopal Society or Congregation, all previous records have been 
of a meeting of vestry.] 

Sept. 1, 1785 — A committee appointed to confer with com- 
mittee of the Episcopalian Society in Westbury and the Rev. Mr. 
Scovil, and know of him upon what terms he will preach with us 
and make report to some future meeting. At the same meeting 
was voted to have the Rev. Mr. Scovil's service in preaching 
half the time and to pay him for the same. 

At a meeting Dec. 7, 1785 — Voted to give Rev. Mr. Scovil 
forty-five pounds lawful money for a salary for the current year 
for his service in preaching one-half the time. 

[Mr. Scovil finally left in 1786.] 

May 1, 1786 — A committee was appointed to confer with the 
Committee at Watertown about getting a minister into the mis- 
sion. 

Aug. 28, 1786 — At a meeting of the Society, Mr. Caleb Merril 
for Moderator, voted that we will settle a minister and have 

89 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

his service one half the time, or as shall best suit the Society at 
some future meeting. 

Sept. 25 — Voted that the committee formerly appointed to 

cover the church, be desired to appropriate such monies as remain 

in their hands unapplied, to the glazing and repairing the church. 

Voted that the committee be directed to ^vrite to Mr. Philo 

Perry for a Sunday in St. James Church as soon as convenient. 

Dec. 4, 1786 — Voted to make a rate two pence on a pound on 
the list of 1786, and lay out the money for preaching according to 
their discretion, the above said rate to be paid by the first day of 
March next. 

Dec. 3, 1787 — Voted to settle a minister and have his service 
in preaching half the time. 

Voted that the committee apply to Mr. Prindle, also to Mr. 
Blakeslee and Mr. Ives, and know their terms of settlement, and 
make report to this meeting at some future day. 

Dec. 27 — Voted to reconsider the above and directed the Com- 
mittee to apply to Mr. Prindle and make report. 

Feb. 4, 1788— Voted that Mr. Herman Munson, together with 
the Committe be directed to procure the schoolhouse for the Con- 
vention to meet in and provide wood sufficient for them at the 
Society's cost. [A schoolhouse had been built about three years 
before this on the green in front of where the City Hall now stands, 
in which Rev. Joseph Badger and Mr. John Kingsbury were con- 
ducting a successful school. This is doubtless the building re- 
ferred to.] 

March 24, 1788— Voted that the committee be directed to 
apply to Mr. Reuben Ives for further service in preaching among 
us. 

June 12, 1788— Voted to adopt the doings of the Convention 
held at Wallingford on the 7th day of May last, respecting the 
bishop's salary. 

Voted to direct the Committee to apply to Mr. Ives to engage 
him to preach for us what time he can until his year is out with 
Cheshire and Bethany. 

Sept. 25, 1788— Voted to hire Mr. Ambrose Hull to read pray- 
ers and preach two-thirds of the time. 

90 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

April 27, 1789; Upon a report of the Societies of Salem and 
Bristol that they wish to join us and support a clergyman for one- 
half the time, viz., one-fourth each. Voted, that we desire and 
wish to settle and pay a clergyman for one-half the time. 

Voted that the Committee be directed to apply to Mr. Solomon 
Blakeslee as a candidate. 

May 25, 1789 — Voted to give Mr. Blakeslee a call for one-half 
the time. 

Voted to give him £40 a year and his fire wood for one-half 
his service as a parish minister and his residence in this place, and 
to increase his salary to £45 as the list of the church increases. 

June 16, 1790 — Rev. Chauncey Prindle present. (The usual 
formal business done.) 

Sept. 13. — Voted that the committee be requested to apply to 
Rev. David Foot to know whether he is willing to settle as a parish 
minister among us. 

Voted to have the services of a clergyman two-thirds of the 
time and to give Mr. Foot two-thirds of £85 and his fire wood, 
provided he reside in this Society. 

Voted that the Committee be requested to address the Reverend 
Episcopal Convention and request their advice and influence 
in uniting to this parish the Episcopal parishes of Woodbury and 
Salem, or either of them and to inform them that we are willing to 
dispense with having but one-half the services of a clergyman and 
to pay in the same proportion as shall be thought best. 

Oct. 18 — Voted that the Committee be requested and directed 
to apply to the Episcopal parishes of Woodbury and Salem and 
confer with their Committee in order to form a Mission with us 
and know what proportion of time each parish would wish to have 
the service of a clergyman and make report to a future meeting. 

Nov. 1, 1790 — Voted that the Committee be requested to apply 
firstly to the Rev. Solomon Blakeslee and invite him to preach in 
the several Episcopal churches of Waterbury, Woodbury and 
Salem as a candidate, in order for a settlement as a parish minister 
for said churches, or secondly, to Mr. Marsh, or thirdly, to Mr. 
Bronson for the aforesaid purposes. 

April 11, 1791 — Voted that the Committee be directed and 

91 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

requested to apply to Mr. Ammi Rogers and request and engage 
hirji to hold himself as a candidate for this Society and be with 
us as soon as he can with convenience. 

April 25 — Voted that the Committee be requested to apply to 
Mr. Hart and invite and engage him to ofl&ciate as a candidate for 
this Society and be with us as soon as may be with convenience. 

Voted, to reconsider the vote respecting an application to Mr. 
Ammi Rogers. [This looks as if they had learned something of Mr. 
Rogers.] 

August 27 — Voted that Committee be instructed to inform our 
bretheren at Salem that whenever we have treated them with any 
kind of neglect, we are willing to rescind it and give them a fresh 
assurance that we will treat them with respect in the future. 

Voted to give Mr. Hart a call for a settlement for one-half the 
time. 

Sept. 27, 1971 — Voted that this Society are willing and desirous 
to receive Mr. Seth Hart as our minister as soon as he shall be put 
into Holy Orders. 

Voted that we will give Mr. Seth Hart, after he shall be ad- 
mitted to and receive holy orders, provided he shall make his resi- 
dence among us and perform parochial service in the Episcopal 
Society at Waterbmy, for one-half the time, the sum of £40 law- 
ful money for the first year, and the use of the glebe, annually — to 
increase twenty shillings annually for five years next ensuing, and 
£45 thereafter. 

Dec. 5 — Voted that whenever Mr. Hart's salary is 3 months 
in arrears the Committee shall give a note on interest and the 
Society shall indemnify the Committee. 

Dec. 3, 1792 — Committee appointed to treat with Committee 
of the several Presbyterian Societies in Waterbury to agree upon 
a division of the public or ministerial money belonging to this town. 

April 1, 1793 — The question being put whether this Society 
do approve and adopt the proposed constitution of the Episcopal 
Church. Voted in the affirmative. 

April 1, 1793 — Voted that Rev. Mr. Hart officiate one Sunday 
at Southington on the cost of this Society. 

Committee appointed to agree upon a place to set a church 

92 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

and the bigness of the same and make report to the next meeting. 

Voted that the surplusage of money given at the Communion 
be laid out for Bishop Seabury's sermons. 

Sept. 30 — Voted, by a majority of more than two-thirds that 
we are willing and think it necessary to build a church, or house 
for public worship. Eli Curtis, Esq., Mr. Jude Blakesley and 
Captain Amos Bryan were appointed a Committee to set a stake 
for the place where to build a church. 

Oct. 21, 1793 — Voted to build a church edifice on the East side 
of the road that leads round the South side of the green. [Church 
Street was not then open.] 

Dec. 2, 1793 — Voted to petition the Hon. County Court now 
sitting in New Haven to grant a Committee to come and fix 
or set a stake for a place where to erect a church, also by vote 
nominated John Wooster, Esq., of Derby, Thomas Atwater of 
Cheshire and Abram Bradley of Woodbridge for aforesaid Com- 
mittee if said Hon. Court in their wisdom should think fit to 
appoint them. 

Dec. 17, 1793 — Isaac Benham, Levi Bronson, Richard F. 
Welton, John Hickox and Ezra Pierpont were chosen a Committee 
to get the minds of this Society where to erect a church and make 
a report to this meeting. 

Dec. 26, 1793 — Voted to erect a fence around the church. 
Same meeting, Benjamin Welton, Eleazer Tompkins, Jesse Hicox, 
Mark Warner, Cornelius Johnson, Jr., Titus Welton, Elijah Prich- 
ard, James Scovil and Joseph Bronson chosen Committee to 
warn the inhabitants of the Episcopal Society in Waterbury to 
attend the Committee appointed by the County Court for the pur- 
pose of setting a stake where to build the church edifice, on the 
1st day of January next. 

Same meeting. Captain Harman Munson, Messrs. Richard 
Welton, John Cossett and John Nichols was chosen for Committee 
to view several places where they shall think best to build a church 
and report to this meeting. 

At the same meeting Isaac Benham, Seba Bronson and Eph- 
raim Warner were chosen for a Committee to wait on the Committee 

93 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

appointed by the County Court when they shall come to set the 
stake where to build a church. 

Feb. 3, 1794 — Voted to call the Committee appointed by the 
Hon. County Court to come and take a review of the place 
where to set the stake for the place to build a church edifice. 

March 17, 1794 — Voted that Seba Bronson be appointed an 
agent to apply to the County Court and the late Committee ap- 
pointed by the same for setting a stake for the church in Waterbury 
to take the necessary measures for placing the stake 5 rods south 
of the place where the stake now stands. 

Sept. 12, 1794 — Voted that the Committee be directed to reckon 
with Rev, Mr, Hart and give their Note payable the 1st day of 
March next "without interest" for what may be due him now. 

Nov. 3, 1794 — Isaac Bronson chosen agent instead of Seba 
Bronson to get the stake moved 5 rods South. 

Dec. 1, 1794 — Voted that the Society's Committee be directed 
to apply to Rev. Mr. Griswold to perform divine service during 
part of the ensuing winter. 

Dec. 16, 1794 — Voted that the edifice to be erected for a 
€hurch for this Society be thirty-eight feet wide and fifty-two feet 
long. 

Voted — Ephraim Warner, Justus Warner, Herman Munson, 
Titus Welton, and John Cossitt be appointed a Committee to 
oversee and inspect the building of the church, 

Jan. 12, 1795 — Voted to build a cupola with the house which 
has been voted to build. 

February 9, 1795 — Voted that the Societies committee be 
directed to re-survey the Glebe Swamp and fill it up if they think 
necessary, [This refers to the ground where the present Church 
stands.] 

Voted to build the Church 54x38 with a steeple at the East end, 

March 16, 1795— Voted to apply to Mr. Griswold to settle 
with us as a clergyman and to pay him £75 for his services three- 
fourths of the time. [Mr, Griswold did not accept.] 

March 28, 1796 — Voted that the Committee apply to Rev, Mr, 
Bronson to preach with us one-half the time until the 1st day of 
December next unless we are supplied otherwise. 

94 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

June 6, 1796 — Voted to grant the Rev. Wm. Green for his 
annual service three-fourths of the time in this Society three- 
fouths of one hundred pounds to be paid in money calculating 
on the price of provisions at the following rates viz., pork 30s. pr C. 
Beef 20s. Wheat 6s. 6d. pr bus. Rye 4s. Indian Corn 3s. 4d. 
And if in the month of January annually said articles shall exceed 
the foregoing prices then said salary is to increase to three-fourths 
of one hundred and ten pounds and no more. 

June 20, 1796 — Voted that the Presbyterian Society may 
meet in the church if they please except when said church have a 
clergyman. [The Congregational Society which is here called 
Presbyterian had torn down their old church to make room for 
a new one in the same place.] 

First Monday in December, 1796 — Voted that the Committee 
be directed to have Rev. Tillotson Bronson preach with us half 
the time or more for the year ensuing. 

March 6, 1797 — Voted that the Committee sell the old church 
and ground on which it stands in such a way and on such terms 
as they think most beneficial for the Society. 

June 11, 1797 — Voted to seat the new church, the Committee 
to use their discretion, having some regard to age and the lists 
that money has been raised upon to build said church, with the 
addition of those persons that have come into the Society since 
the house was built, and make a report to some future meeting. 

Oct. 12, 1797 — Voted that Isaac Benham, Sebe Bronson and 
John Cossett be a committee to prepare and give the consecration 
deed. 

Oct. 24, 1797 — Voted to seat the new church in the following 
manner, viz., taking the two lists of '94 and '5 and add them 
together then add £15 a year for every year beginning at the age 
of 21 : and all those that had no list of '94 and '5 shall take the list 
of '97 and double it to make one list with the addition of £15 as 
aforesaid. 

First Monday of December, 1797 — Voted that the money that 
the old church was sold for, shall be applied to the building of 
the new church. Voted that the Society are willing to settle the 

95 



HISTORY OF ST, JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Rev. Tillotson Bronson as their clergyman if his terms are such 
as shall meet the minds of the Society. 

Dec. 27, 1797 — Voted to pay what is wanting with Mr. Ben- 
ham for singing at Dedication, 

First Monday of Dec. 1798 — Voted a Committee to confer with 
the selectmen relative to laying out a highway between Israel 
Holmes' land and land belonging to this Society from the new 
church to the burying yard lane, so called. [This is now Church 
Street, but it was not laid out until several years later.] 

April 15, 1799 — Voted to lay a tax of four cents on the dollar. 
[This is the first mention of a dollar on these records.] 

Aug. 19, 1799 — Voted to take counsel as to the legality of 
selling the Glebe. [No report appears but they must have got 
some advice which was favorable to the sale, — see Real Estate.] 

Dec. 1, Monday, 1799 — Voted a salary to Rev. Tillotson 
Bronson of $250. for three-fourths of the time for the year ensuing. 

[June 4, 1800, the Diocesan Convention met here, but no 
allusion to it appears on the record.] 

Dec. 13, 1803 — Voted to "dignify" the seats and pews of the 
church in the following manner, viz: the two first seats in the 
church are considered of the first dignity, the two second seats and 
the two pews No. 3, are of the second dignity; the two third seats and 
the two pews No. 4, are of the third dignity; the two fourth seats 
and the two Nos. 5, and the two of No. 1, are the fourth dignity, 
also the remaining parts of the seats and pews in said church (ex- 
cept the pews at the southeast corner of said church, Nos. 9 and 
10) are dignified according to the numbers of said seats and pews. 
At the same meeting voted to seat the church by age only. 

April 2, 1804— John Clark, Richard Welton and Obadiah War- 
ner were appointed a Committee with full power to lease for the 
terra of nine hundred years, provided they shall judge best, the 
following pieces of land belonging to this Society, viz: About ten 
acres lying near the church, with buildings standing on the same, 
also about nine acres near George Prichard's dwelling house, it 
being all the land belonging to the Society at each of these places, 
also all the land belonging to this Society lying a little northward 
of the house of Abner Johnson. [So far as appears, no action was 

96 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

taken under this vote. This last piece is the Willow Street piece.] 
Dec. 10, 1805 — Voted the Rev. Tillotson Bronson a salary of 
three hundred dollars for three-fourths of the time the first year. 

Sept. 2, 1806 — Voted that this Society do approve of Mr. Hor- 
ace V. Barber as a preacher of the Gospel and have been well 
pleased with his performance, and it is their desire to settle him 
in this Society as their Clergyman, and that Messrs. Richard Wel- 
ton and Herman Munson be a Committee appointed to present this 
vote to him and request his answer. 

Oct. 13, 1806— Voted to give Mr. Virgil H. Barber a salary of 
410 dollars for his service one year, to be paid quarterly. 

March 30, 1807 — Voted that Mr. Barber may, if he shall see 
cause, preach such a proportion of the time in the town of Wol- 
cott, as the list of the members of this Society living in said town 
shall bear to the whole list. 

June 16, 1807 — Voted to request the Rev. Bishop Jarvis to 
dismiss the Rev. Tillotson Bronson from being the clergyman 
of this Society. [This appears to have been adopted as a matter 
of form.] 

At the same meeting voted that the Standing Committee for 
this year be requested to call on Mr. Virgil H. Barber to get his 
terms of settling as clergyman of this Society in future and to 
report to this meeting as soon as convenient. The Committee 
returned in a short time with Mr. Barber's answer, of which the 
following is a copy. 

" In compliance with the request of the Committee in behalf 
of the parish of St. John's Church, I respectfully offer the following 
terms of agreement (viz) : The sum that I conscientiously think 
necessary to a competent support in the character and capacity 
of a clergyman, is five hundred dollars, the time of payment to be 
half yearly. Now provided the parish feel willing and ready to 
accede to the above terms without its endangering the peace of 
the church, it would be very cheerfully received by, gentlemen, 
your very humble servant, Virgil H. Barber.". 

At the same meeting, voted to comply with above said terms 
of Mr. Barber. 

Dec. 29, 1807 — Voted to send Mr. Justus Warner to the town 

97 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

of Claremont (N. H.) to know the reason of Mr. Barber's not 
returning to this town. 

Voted to give Mr. Warner for the journey above said, fourteen 
dollars. 

Feb. 15, 1808 — Voted to have the church painted in the course 
of this year. 

April 15, 1808 — Voted, that Rev. Mr. Barber shall have leave, 
if he please, to preach at Wolcott a proportionate part of the time 
until next annual meeting. 

May 14, 1810 — On petition of the town of Middlebury, pray- 
ing the Legislature to cause the several Societies in Waterbury to 
relinquish a certain part of the public ministerial and school 
monies belonging to the said Societies; a committee was appointed 
to resist the same. 

Voted that the thanks of the Society be presented to Mr. 
David Taylor for his present of an elegant Bible, received by 
hand of Mr. Wm. K. Lamson. [Mr. Taylor had been a merchant 
in Waterbury, but afterward removed to New York. I do not 
think he had been an attendant at St. John's during his residence 
here.] 

Dec. 7, 1812 — [The records of this meeting are signed by 
Ashley Scott, Clerk, being the first time that a signature is afl&xed 
to records of meetings.] 

April 18, 1814 — John Cossett petitioned the parish to make a 
present of the old Bible belonging to this parish to the members 
of the Episcopal Church living in the towns of Columbia and 
Waterbury in the State of Ohio. 

Voted — [This is the Bible elsewhere referred to as having been 
returned from Ohio and deposited in the church.] 

June 1, 1814 — [Mr. Barber's resignation.] 

June 6, 1814 — Voted to apply to the Episcopal Society at 
Gunntown respecting their uniting with this parish in employing 
Rev. Mr. Geer. 

Sept. 27, 1814 — Voted that a committee be appointed to confer 
with Rev. Mr. Geer for the purpose of settling him as a pastor or 
hiring him to preach one year at not exceeding $600, provided the 

98 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

church in Gunntown will unite with us and pay their proportion for 
one-quarter or one-third of the time. 

Nov. 15, 1824 — Voted to appoint a Committee to confer with J. 
M. L. Scovill and others relative to paying for the bell. 

Monday, Nov. 24, 1828— Voted to pay Mr. Samuel Cook thirty 
dollars for singing the ensuing year. [This is meant for any expense 
connected with the choir, of which Mr. Cook was leader.] 

August 27, 1825 — Elijah F. Merrill signs the record of the 
meetings as clerk. 

April 12, 1830 — Voted to accept the resignation of Rev. 
Alpheus Geer as pastor of this parish. 

July 19, 1830 — Voted that it is the wish of this parish to give 
Rev. Mr. Barlow an invitation to settle with us. Committee ap- 
pointed with power to offer $500. 

Aug. 2. Committee appointed to enter into permanent agree- 
ment with Mr. Barlow, providing it can be done by paying him 
a salary of $500 per year, furnishing him with suitable dwelling 
house free of rent and necessary fire wood, provided also that 
should it so happen that any of the neighboring parishes should 
wish to have him part of the time he should be under obligation 
to preach for them should this Society request it. 

Monday, Oct. 8, 1832. Rev. Mr. Barlow addressed a letter to 
the Society saying that his wife's health obliged him to take her 
South, asking for leave of absence during the winter, he to supply 
the pulpit, and asking an advance of salary to Dec. 1. AH of 
which was granted. 

April 8, 1833 — Voted that the Rev. Mr. Morgan be invited to 
officiate as clergyman on the following terms, viz: $500 a year sal- 
ary, with the privilege of leaving at any time on giving six months 
notice, the parish also to have the same privilege. 

Feb. 20, 1833 — Voted that a Committee be appointed to super- 
intend the proposed alterations (of the church edifice) and author- 
ized to contract for the said alterations and repairs to an amount 
not to exceed $700. 

March 31, 1834 — Voted that the Societies Committee be 
authorized to effect an insurance on the church not exceeding 
$3,000. 

99 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Aug. 25, 1834 — Voted to rent the slips in the church for the 
purpose of raising money to defray the expenses of the Society ior 
the ensuing year. 

Dec. 10, 1835 — Voted to appoint a committee to purchase an 
organ and make the necessary change in the gallery. 

Aug. 29, 1835 — Mr. Morgan gave six months notice; committee 
empowered to offer Mr. Morgan $750 to remain. [It is worthy of 
note that there has been no increase of salary since 1807.] 

Sept. 4, 1836 — Committee appointed to secure the services of 
a clergyman. [Mr. Morgan had accepted the charge of Cheshire 
Academy.] 

Jan. 28, 1837 — Voted that the Societies Committee be author- 
ized to correspond with the Rev. Mr. Clark on the subject of 
becoming our rector and to offer him $750 per annum. 

Voted to contract with John Rowley as organist and John 
Sandland as chorister. 

Sept. 1, 1838 — Voted to appoint two wardens and five vestry- 
man, including the treasurer and secretary. 

Voted that the rector shall be chairman of the parish and 
vestry meetings. Voted that the vestry call on Rev. J. L. Clark 
and request him to be instituted as rector of St. John's Church 
at such time as may be convenient. 

Jan. 12, 1839 — Voted that an addition be made on each side 
of the church, provided the money can be raised by subscription. 

Nothing appears on the record except the usual formal business 
until Feb. 23, 1846 — Voted that it was expedient to build a church 
if funds can be raised by subscription. 

1847, March 8 — Voted that the parish give the use of the 
ground for building horse sheds to those persons who propose 
building provided they are built in a manner acceptable to the 
building committee. 

Apr. 24, 1848 — At any meeting of the vestry for transaction 
of business three shall constitute a quorum. 

Letter of Consecration from Bishop Brownell, Jan. 12, 1848. 

May 24, 1850 — Report on Waterville Chapel that Mr. Hotch- 
kiss of Birmingham offered to build it for $1800. This being 

100 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

more than the subscription, a vote was passed authorizing an 
attempt to increase the amount. 

June 9, 1851 — St. Paul's, Watervilie, consecrated by Bishop 
Brownell. 

June 10, 1851 — Convention held here. 

June 11, 1851 — Bishop Williams elected Associate Bishop. 

April 9, 1855 — Voted that the wardens and vestry make such 
arrangement for ministerial services for the year ensuing as 
circumstances may render expedient. (This action was taken on 
account of having given Dr. Clark a year's vacation but the fact 
does not appear on the Parish record.) 

Jan. 18, 1857 — Tower blown down. 

Apr. 15, 1857 — Committee of three appointed to rebuild the 
tower. 

May 18 — Voted to build of stone if $5000. can be raised, [but 
it could not]. 

1858, April 10 — Voted increase number of vestry to sixteen. 

Apr. 19, 1858 — Voted to call Rev. J. M. Willey as assistant. 

June 8, 1858 — Annual Convention held here. 

March 5, 1859 — Committee appointed to rebuild spire of 
wood; to proceed when $4000. shall have been subscribed. 

June 27 — Committee report that the spire will cost more than 
they supposed, but are directed to proceed. 

March 8, 1862 — Rev. John Eaton Smith assistant from Easter. 

Oct. 17, 1864 — Mr. Smith's resignation — Complimentary reso- 
lutions adopted. 

1866, April 2 — Rev. F. A. Steele appointed assistant minister. 

April 13, 1868 — Rules for elections, etc., adopted. 

Dec. 24, 1868— Church burnt. 

Dec. 30, 1868 — Mr. Buckingham offers us a lot for temporary 
chapel, rent free, which is accepted. Vote of thanks to Congre- 
gational and Methodist Societies for use of churches. March 8, 
1869 — Building Committee appointed. 

Mar. 29, 1869 — First service in temporary chapel. 

Mar. 8, 1869 — Committee appointed to build new church. 

Mar. 16, 1869— A. Ives presents organ— $10,000. His letter 
recorded April 10, 1871. 

101 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

1870, May 23 — Specification and Contract for new church. 
Dec. 25, 1871 — G. W. Burnham presents bust of Bishop 
Brownell and chime of 10 bells. 

1872, Dec. 22 — Votes as to new parish. 

April 1 — Votes complimentary to John H, Sandland after 
forty years service in the choir. 

December 29 — Complimentary resolutions to T. I. Driggs 
for service as organist. 

1873, June 23 — Requests for consecration. 
June 24 — Consecration. 

1874, April 12 — Rector's salary fixed at $1800 and house. 
(Assistants, $2200 without his house rent was afterward 
added.) 

1875, May 29 — Rules adopted for choosing vestry. 

1875, May 29 — Complimentary resolutions to J. W. Smith 
for 25 years service in the choir. 

1876, January 31, February 7 — Dr. Bingham called as 
assistant. 

1876, November 7 — Horse and carriage presented St. Mar- 
garet's on condition that Dr. Russell look after service at St. 
Paul's, Waterville. 

June 13, — Convention held here. 

1877, January 26— Dr. Clark died. 

April 2 — Dr. Bingham elected rector. 

1877, June 4 — Victor Chateneuf Smith, assistant minister. 
$250. to widow and $150. to sister of Rev. Dr. Clark voted. 

April 25 — Offer of St. John's accepted by those proposing to 
form new parish. 

Deed J. F. Bingham to St. John's accepted Dec. 25, 1877. 
[Church Home, etc.] 

1878, April 22— Rev. V. C. Smith's time extended. 

1878, May 13 — Corporate Seal adopted, "St. John's Parish, 
Waterbury, Conn." 

June 3 — Rev. John H. White, assistant. 
November 10 — Rev. John H. White resigned. 

1879, February 3 — Testimonial of Frederick R. Sanford 
signed. 

102 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

1879, April 25— Rev. Rob Roy McGregor McNulty appointed 
assistant. 

1880, March 29 — Dr. Bingham requested to resign: salary 
continued and rent of house to July 1. Rev. R. R. McNulty 
employed to continue for the present. 

1880, April 19 — A vote was passed authorizing the agent of 
the Parish to submit its claim to James A. Hovey, a judge of the 
Superior Court, to $1000. under the will of Sally Ann Sharp, given 
by her to the "Old Ladies Home" and claimed by us on the 
ground that we have a trust fund for establishing a home for 
indigent females and there is no other similar trust, we are there- 
fore entitled to the bequest. (The case was submitted and 
decided against the parish.) 

Voted to accept from Mrs. Palmyra Cotton $1000 on condition 
that we pay her interest on this amount during her life. (She lived 
to be 102.) 

June 16 — Dr. Bingham presented his terms of resignation 
which were accepted. 

1880, July 3 — Mr. McNulty's name is now Converse — employed 
at $1500 per annum, terminable on six months notice by either 
party. 

July 4 — Wardens and vestry sign testimonials to standing 
committee for Priests orders for Rev. R. R. Converse. 

1881, May 15 — Testimonials for Priests orders to Frederick 
R. Sanford. 

1881, April 18 — Rev. R. R. Converse unanimously elected 
rector, salary $2000. — $700. appropriated for assistant. 

1882, April 10 — $1100. appropriated for music and $500. for 
Mr. Driggs salary and all musical matters left in his hands. 

June 19 — $1250. appropriated for music and management 
committed to T. I. Driggs. 

1882, July 13 — Treasurer authorized to execute releases of 
land mortgaged to secure Hall funds under direction of Board of 
Managers of said funds. 

1883, April 30 — M. K. Bailey employed as assistant at 
a year and allowed to teach at St. Margaret's. 

103 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Sept. 11 — Rev. Mr. Converse resignation accepted. 

December 18 — Call extended to Rev. Edward R. Atwill, D.D., 
of Toledo, Ohio. He declined. 

Voted to purchase lot on State Street adjoining church prop- 
erty (horse sheds). 

Oct. 22 — Voted to place the sidewalk on the north side of the 
church outside the line of trees, so as to obviate danger from snow 
slides in accordance with the order of Common Council. 

J. C. Booth and Mrs. Olive M. Elton present lot to the parish, 
corner Church Street and Center Square. 

1884, March 6 — Dr. Atwill declines and Rev. J. W. Lee of 
Bristol, Pa., called. 

Dr. Bingham requested to execute a release of his interest in 
parish lands. 

1884, April 14 — Rev. J. W. Lee declines. Rev. Edmund 
Rowland, D.D., invited. $1250 appropriated for music. 

April 28 — Dr. Bingham gave a quit claim of his interest in 
Church Home and property. 

Committee on memorial to Dr. Clark report that they have 
caused to be erected a memorial in Riverside Cemetery at $550. 
Cost defrayed by subscriptions of St. John's and Trinity. Dr. 
Rowland accepted and entered on his duties June 1, 1884. 

1885, February 28 — Plans for rectory submitted and approved. 
Rev. M. K. Bailey resigns. 

December 20 — Permission granted descendants of Rev. James 
Scovil to place tablet to his memory under the north gallery. 

1886, April 2&— Rectory reported completed— cost $15,943.98. 
May 3 — Treasurer reports Rectory paid for and parish out 

of debt. 

1887, April 11 — Brownell Monument reported moved — ex- 
pense $1468.20 including redecoration of chancel. 

The Centenary, April 30, 1889. 

In pursuance of proclamations issued by Benjamin Harrison, 
President of the United States, and Morgan G. Bulkeley, Governor 
of the State of Connecticut, and in accordance with the recom- 
mendation of the Right Rev. John WilUams, D.D., LL.D., Bishop 

104 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

of the Diocese of Connecticut, commemorative exercises were held 
in St. John's Church, at 9 o'clock a.m., April 30, 1889, the one 
hundredth annivesrary of the inauguration of George Washington 
as first president of the United States. After appropriate and 
impressive religious services, Rev. Edmund Rowland, D.D., 
Rector of St. John's, Rev. W. R. Micou, rector of Trinity, and 
Rev. F. T. Russell, D.D., Rector of St. Margaret's School, offici- 
ating, brief but comprehensive addresses were made by the pastors 
of the Protestant churches of the City, and by several citizens. 
The church was filled to its utmost capacity by an attentive and 
intensely interested audience. 

The following is the order of exercises. 

Hymn 397 — My Hope and My Fortress, My Castle. 
Special Devotional Service. 
Hymn 301. 

Remarks by the Rector, . . . The Rev. Dr. Edmund Rowland. 
Address— The Epoch of 1789, . . The Hon. F. J. Kingsbury. 

Address — Washington as a Statesman, . . The Hon. S. W. Kellogg. 

Hymn 326. 

Address — Washington in his Domestic Life,, The Rev. J. G. Davenport. 
Address — Washington as a Soldier, . . . The Rev. W. P. Elsdon. 
Address — Washington's Religious Character, . The Rev. A. C. Eggleston. 
Hynm 307. 

Address — Washington as a Mason . . . Nathan Dikeman, Esq. 
Address — Washington as a Churchman, . . The Rev. F. T. Russell. 
Address — Washington as a Chief Magistrate, . The Rev. R. W. Micou. 

Hymn 309. 

Concluding Prayers and Benediction, . . Rector of St. John's. 

N. J. Welton, Parish Clerk. 

• 1889, May 3 — Resolutions in memoiy of Scovill M. Bucking- 
ham, 32 years senior warden. 

May 13 — Agreement with Mrs. Eunice T. Booth concerning 
passway. 

May 4 — Charles F. Mitchell elected clerk. 

Church Home Fund purchase Mrs. Buel's lot. 
May 13 — N. J. Welton elected senior warden, vice S. M. Buck- 
ingham, deceased. E. D. Welton elected vestryman. 

105 



HISTORY OF ST, JOHN'S CHURCH. 

May 13 — Agreement as to passways with Mrs. Eunice T. Booth. 

1890, April 7 — Voted to rescind all license to erect horse sheds. 
Parish House authorized. 

1891, July 11 — Dr. Rowland reports having agreed with Rev. 
J. H. McCrackan to act as assistant. 

1894, July 11 — Treasurer authorized to receive legacy of $5000 
from Charles Scott. (Mr. Scott was a son of Daniel Scott, a 
member of St. John's, and spent his early life here. His business 
life was mostly in Boston, but he had lived for some years in 
Washington, D. C, where he died.) 

1894, March 26 — Installing of chancel organ reported. Cost 
$4274.20. Candelabra presented by H. H. Peck. 

1895, April 15 — F. J. Kingsbury elected Junior Warden. 
1897, April 10— Vote to sell Willow Street land. Act of Legis- 
lature authorizing "same. 

1897, April 19 — Vestry authorized to convey Church property 
at Waterville to St. Paul's Parish. Report of sale under vote 
of General Assembly of one and one-quarter acres to Geo. H. 
Clowes and five and one-half acres to Frederick B. Rice of Glebe 
land (being the land given by John Judd, April 19, 1745). Con- 
vention held here. Rev. March C. Mayo's engagements Easter 
1897-98-99. 

1900, April 16 — J. S. Elton and F. J. Kingsbury having offered 
to erect a reredos and decorate the Chancel, voted to accept the 
same if $4000. can be raised to do other necessary repairs. 

1900, April 16 — Mr. Mayo employed another year. Permis- 
sion given N. J. Welton to place a memorial window to George 
L. Welton under the south gallery, he being at the time of his 
death a vestryman. 

June 14 — Rev, John Franklin Carter invited to the assistant 
rectorship, but declined. 

July 31 — H. H. Peck having offered to repair and connect the 
two organs electrically, voted to accept the offer provided $7500 
can be raised to do other necessary work. [The necessary 
amount was raised and the work done, including reredos and 
chancel mentioned above.] 

106 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

July 31 — Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr., invited as assistant rector; 
salary $2000. 

August 21 — Accepted. 

December 7 — At the suggestion of assistant — Voted that the 
clergy and senior warden be authorized to keep the church open 
daily during such hours as they may think best. 

1901, January 18 — Committee on envelope system reported 
favorably. 

1901, April 8 — Resignation of Dr. Rowland accepted and he 
is elected rector emeritus. Rev. John N. Lewis elected rector. 

1902, Jan. 25 — Rev. Taliaferro D. Caskey hired for three 
months. 

1902, March 3 — $2500 appropriated for music. 

May 6 — Authorized rector to secure Rev. Morton A. Barnes as 
assistant. 

May 12 — J. S. Elton authorized to convey land in Brooklyn 
district to City of Waterbury. 60 x 150 feet. 

1903, January 18 — Changes ordered in chancel to accommodate 
boy choir. 

1903, April 13 — Parish Agent authorized to convey St. Paul's, 
Waterville, to that parish. 

Voted that the Vestry shall be sixteen [Treasurer and parish 
clerk to be ex-officio members] and that five shall be a quorum if 
a warden is present, otherwise a majority. Rector's salary made 
$3000 and rectory. 

1905, Feb. 8 — Rev. Mr. Barnes resigns. 

July — Rev. Mr. Miller appointed. 

1906, Jan. — Rev. Mr. Miller resigns. 

March 10,— Voted to pay Rev. Mr. Bennett $140 per 
month for services during Easter. 

April 4 — $50 presented to Mr. Dallas for assistance. 

VESTRY RECORDS. 

1849, Jan. 27 — Vote to furnish house for Dr. Clark. Miimte 
of cost of church land and fixtures, $35,060.43. 

107 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

1850; March I — Consent to chapel at Waterville. Rector to 
employ assistant; employed Rev. G. W. Home. Dec. 9. Home 
resigns. 

1851. — Rev. E. Jessup appointed. 

1853 — Rev. C. G. Acly assistant at Waterville. 

1854, Aug. 8 — Dr. Clark resigns, but vestry offers a vacation. 

1856, Feb. 15 — Mr. Acly resigns, to tak'e effect at Easter. 

1858, March 19— Thos. G. Carver elected assistant. Mr. Willey 
appears to have been employed by a committee and first appears 
in a notice in the record Apr., 1859. 

1861, Dec. 14 — Mr. Willey's resignation accepted. 

1868, Jan. 4 — Rev. A. F. Steele resigns — no notice of his ap- 
pointment. Dec. 24. Church burned. At a meeting of Wardens 
and Vestry, voted thanks to First and Second Congregational, 
Methodist and Baptist Churches for sympathy and kind offers of 
their churches for holding Christmas and other services. Dec. 30. 
Meeting held in lecture room of Methodist Church. 

1872, Jan. 9^— Meneely bells received. Dec. 29. Driggs re- 
signs organ after 24 years. 

1873 — Front seats in gallery rented. [The seats on the main 
fioor were all sold and more needed.] 

1875, July 25 — Voted not to interpose any obstacles in case 
Mr. Russell sees fit to accept the principalship of St. Margaret's 
School. 

• Easter Monday, April 22, 1878, the following communication 
from the rector was read: 

To the Parishioners of St. John's Parish in Annual Meeting Assembled: 

Gentlemen: — I transmit herewith ray annual abstract of the various 
charitable accounts which are kept under my hand, and also the approximate 
inventory of the moneys and property held by me and by the parish, in trust 
for the St. John's Church Home and Charity Foundation. 

During the year, acting on my best judgment, and with the advice and 
concurrence of the Trustees named in the 27th clause of the will of the late 
lamented Mr. S. W. Hall and of the Wardens and Vestrymen of St. John's 
Parish, and with the approbation of the Bishop of the Diocese, I have selected, 
purchased and conveyed to the parish, in trust, a very eligible site on South 
Leonard Street (west side) for the future buildings of the Home and Charity 
Foundation of the congregations belonging to this parish. 

108 



EXTRACTS FROM THE CHURCH RECORDS. 

As will appear from the appendix to the enclosed inventory, I have in sub- 
scriptions conditional and otherwise (besides the subscription of the residuary 
legatees of Mr. Hall, based upon the 27th clause of his will, which subscription 
will be presented and read to the meeting by the Executors of that will) a con- 
siderable amount given especially for the erection on the above mentioned 
lots of a suitable chapel, as the first in a series of future erections to include 
besides the Home proper with its chapel for the accommodation of both sexes, 
also in time, an orphanage for both sexes, and a creche or day-nursery, with the 
attendant church schools and a general church hospital. Besides the ground, 
(which we have) this will eventually involve, in the cost of the buildings and 
in funds invested for its support, not less than $100,000 — which I hope and 
beheve will be realized, though we may not see the day. 

The amount of property already in the trust of the oarish; the invested 
funds now in hand; the subscriptions for the chapel lying on call; the condi- 
tional subscriptions on Mr. Hall's legacy; and at least two considerable legacies 
still future, of which the Rector has been notified, and which are Uable at any 
time to fall in; constitute together a charge so important, that I recommend 
and request the appointment by the parish at the present annual meeting, of 
a committeee of two or three to carry forward in conjunction with the Rector, 
the necessary subscriptions and the general management of the whole trust. 
Respectfully and faithfully yours, 

J. F. Bingham, Rector. 
Easter Monday, A. D., 1878. 

Voted — That F. J. Kingsbury, Jas. S. Elton and John C. 
Booth be appointed a committee to take into consideration the 
propriety of the parish accepting a deed of certain property in 
trust as conveyed by the Rev. J. F. Bingham, D. D., by deed dated 
Dec. 18, 1877, and report to the parish some proper action in the 
premises. Also that said committee advise with the rector as to 
the propriety and necessity of spending any considerable amount 
of money in buildings as indicated by the rector's report to the 
Parish. 

The following preamble and resolutions were presented and 
adopted : 

Whereas, the late Samuel W. Hall, by his last will made several bequests 
to this parish. 

Be it Resolved — That the clerk of this parish be directed to enter at length 
upon the records of the parish the several clauses of the will relating to said 
bequests. 

Resolved — That the funds bequeathed be known aa "The Hall Repair 
Fund," "The Hall Library Fund," and "The Hall Fund for the beuefit and 

109 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

relief of the poor of the parish,' ' and that a separate account be kept with 
each of said funds, so to be known and designated. 

Resolved — That for the proper management and safe keeping of said funds, 
a Board of managers shall be appointed; to consist of the senior warden, the 
treasurer and the agent of the parish and two other persons, to be appointed 
at the annual parish meeting, and to hold office until their successors are 
appointed; who shall have the care and management of said funds and may 
authorize one or more of their number to draw orders on the treasurer for all 
or any portion of the principal or interest of said funds, under such regulations 
as they may prescribe, except where otherwise provided in said will. 

And said board may deposit any portion of said funds in any incorporated 
bank in the town of Waterbury, or in any savings bank in this State, or may 
loan the same on unincumbered real estate of double the value of said loan, 
or may invest the same in bonds of the United States, or any of the New 
England States or of the State of New York, or of any incorporated city or 
town in this State. 

All moneys not loaned shall be in the care and custody of the treasurer, 
who shall give a bond to the acceptance of the board of managers in the sum 
of ten thousand dollars. 

Resolved — ^That all mortgages be taken in the name of the parish, and that 
the treasurer of the parish be and is hereby authorized to execute in the name 
and under the seal of the parish, releases of any such mortgages, when paid 
in full. 

Resolved — ^That said board shall keep a record of their doings and shall 
report the condition and accounts of the funds annually to the annual parish 
meeting. 

In accordance with the precedings resolutions, F. J. Kingsbury 
and Jas. S. Elton were chosen members of the Board of Manage- 
ment. 



110 



CHAPTER IX. 



REAL ESTATE. 



THE first deed of land for the church was the church lot, 
dated April 20, 1743. John Judd gives the deed but John 
Richardson seems to have had some interest as he signs 
the deed with Judd. This lot, at the northeast corner of West 
Main and North Willow Streets, now included in property be- 
longing to Mrs. Charles M. Mitchell, was subsequently enlarged 
by a release of the land within five feet of the church building on 
the north and east, made by Joseph Hopkins, then owner. Novem- 
ber 23, 1797, a committee was appointed to sell the property to 
Jesse Hopkins, son of Joseph, and the church's interest in this 
tract was closed. The deeds showing these transactions are 
given — A. Al. A. 2. 

[A] 
To all people to whom these presents shall Conie, Greeting; Know ye that I, 
John Judd of Waterbury in the County of New Haven and Colony of Connecti- 
cut in New England for the consideration of twelve pound in Money in hand 
Received and to Accomodate the eeting up of A Church in said Waterbury 
Have given and Sold Granted Aliened and Confirmed unto James Brown, 
Richard Welton, Benjamin Warner, Moses Bronson, John Barns, Richard Wel- 
ton Jur., Robert Johnson, Jonathan Prindle, Nathaniel Gunn, Joseph Bronson, 
and George Nichols, and to others of the Denomination of the Church of Eng- 
land or professors thereof and to their successors in Waterbury A piece of land 
to be taken of the Southwest Corner of my Home Lott where they are now 
Raising A Church and to begin att the Southwest corner of my Lott and to 
run northward in the line twenty eight foot then to run Eastwardly fifty foot 
then southwardly thirty nine foot then Westwardly forty five foot to the first 
Corner and buts Ea?t and North on my own Land and South and West on 
the Highway. Which piece of Land so taken of and bounded which encom- 
passes the House and A piece of six foot wide the wedth of the House at the 
East End I hereby make it over to the above sd Grantees and their successors 
and others of the professors of the Church of England in sd Waterbury forever. 
To Have and to Hold the above given and granted Land with the appurtenances 
thereof unto them the said grantees and their successors forever to them ftnd 

111 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

their own proper use and behoof and I the sd John Judd do hereby assure them 
that I have full power to despose of the same as herein I have done and tliat it 
is free of all incumbrances whatsoever and John Richason doth hereby 
freely fully and absolutely resign all his right and title in the Above demised 
premises to the above sd grantees and their successors as above and we the 
said John Judd and John Richason of Waterbury in said County do hereby 
Engage to warrant and defend the above sd grantees and their successors in 
the Quiet possession of the premises Against All Claims whatsoever in confirraa- 
tion whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 20' day of April 
A. D. 1743. 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of 

John Southmayd. Benjamin Harrison. 

John Judd [l. s.] John Richason [l. s.] 

Waterbury in Connecticut April 20th 1743 then personally appeared 
Ensign John Judd and John Richason that signed and sealed the Above 
written Deed and acknowledged the Signing and Sealing there of to 

be their free Act and Deed. 

Coram John Southmayd, 

Justice of peace. 
Received and Entered April 20th, 1743 
A true record of the Original Deed. 
Test: John Southmayd, 

Recorder. 

[Al] 
To all people to whom these presents shall Come, Greeting: Know ye that I 
Joseph Hopkins of Waterbury In New Haven Comity in ye Connecticut In 
New England upon condition and in Consideration of that the people belonging 
to the Church of England In said Waterbury Make and maintain one half of 
the fence that is necessary to Devide the Land belonging to said Church of 
England from my house lot have Remised Released and Quit claimed unto 
mesrs John Welton Abraham Hickox & David Warner as they are Comnaittee 
for the said Church of England and by these presents Do for myself my Heirs 
Executors & Administrators so long aa the condition is fulfilled by the said 
Church of England Remise Release and Quit Claim all my Right Title and 
Interest in the land Ijring North and East of the meeting house or Church 
belonging to said people In Waterbury aforesaid that is to say all the Lands 
within five feet of said house unto the said Welton Hickox and Warner to be 
by them and their successors In qualUty of Committee quietly possessed and 
enjoyed forever without any Demand from me or my successors or by any 
person by my means or procurment but I and they shall be forever Debarred 
and Excluded therefrom by virtue of these Presents In Witness whereof I hiive 
hereunto set my hand and seal this sixth Day of March in the 4th year of the 

112 



REAL ESTATE 

Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the 3d of Great Britain &c. King A. D. 
1764. 

Signed Sealed & Delivered Joseph Hopkihns [l. s.] 

In presence of New Haven County SS Waterbury the Day 

Thomas Clark Esther Clark and Date above written 

personally appeared Joseph Hopkins 
ye signer of the forgoing instrument 
and acknowledged ye same to be his 
free act & deed before me 

Thomas Clark, 
Justice of peace. 
Entered In Waterbury Decemr 9, 1764 

A true record of ye Original Deed 
Test: Thomas Clark, Recorder. 

March 6th, 1797. — At an adjourned Meeting of the first Episcopal Society 
in Waterbury Messrs. Richard Walton, Elijah Richards, Seba Bronson & John 
Cossett was appointed a Committee to sell the old Church and the ground on 
which said church stands, Certified and signed ----- - 

James Scovil, Societys Clerk. 
[A 2] 

To all people to whom presents shall come, Greeting: — Know Ye that we the 
aforesaid Committee in consequence of our appointment and in behalf of sd 
Society John Cossett Seba Bronson Elijah Richards & Richard Welton all of 
Waterbury in New Haven County & State of Connecticut for the consideration 
of Two Hundred and fifty Dollars in hand received to our full satisfaction of 
Jesse Hopkins of Waterbury aforesaid Do give grant bargain sell and confirm 
imto the said Grantee a certain piece of land in the first society in sd Water- 
bury situate at the southwest Corner of Esqr. Hopkins house lot containing 
about sixteen Hundred feet be it more or less the description of said land may 
be seen in Waterbury records book 5th page 452 reference thereunto being 
had said land was deeded by Messrs. John Judd and John Richardson to the 
Church of England so called for the purpose of building a Church house. To 
have and to hold the above described land with the old Churoh standinc; thereon 
and all other privileges thereuto belonging to him the said Grantee his heirs and 
Assigns forever unto his and their own proper use and behoof. And also We 
the Grantors do for ourselves and our successors in said capacity covenant 
with the said Grantee his heirs and assigns that and until the ensealing these 
presents we are well seized of the premises as a good indefeasable estate in 
fee simple and have good right to bargain and sell the same in manner and 
form as is above written and that the same is free of all incumbrance Whatso- 
ever and furthermore We the said Grantors do by these presents bind our 
selves and our successors in sd Capacity to warrant and defend the above 
granted and bargained premises to him the said grantee his heirs and assigns 

113 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

against all claims and demands whatsoever. In Witness whereof We have 

hereounto set our hands and seals the 23rd Day of November, A. D., 1797, 

signed sealed and deUvered in presence of 

Noah Baldwin \ New Haven Covmty ss. Wa- ( John Cossett [seal]. 

John Kingsbury j terbury on the 23ra Day of ( Seba Bronson [seal]. 
November, A. D., 1797,per- f Richard Welton [seal 
sonally appeared Messrs. John \ Elijah Richards[seal].- 
Cossett Seba Bronson & Rich- 
ard Welton, signers and sealers 
of the within written Instru- 
ment and acknowledged the 
same to be their free act and 
deed, before me. 

Rec'd to record Nov'r, 25th, 1797. 

A true record Test 

John Kingsbury, Reg'r John Kingsbury, Just. Peace. 

New Haven County ss. Waterbury on the 24th Day of Nov'r A. D., 1797, 

personally appeared Mr. EUjah Richards signer & sealer of the within written 

instrument and acknowledged the same to be his free act and Deed before 

me 

John Kingsbury Jttst. Peace. 
From Waterbury Land Records, Volume 25, page 492. 

The second piece was given by Oliver Welton when yet a 
minor, with approval of his guardian, John Southmayd, deed 
dated February 11, 1744-5. 

To all people to whom these presents shall come, greeting: 
Know ye that I Oliver Welton with consent of my Guardian John Southmayd 
both of Waterbury In the County of New Haven and Colony of Connecticut 
In New England for the consideration of Sixty five pound money of the old 
Teanour to Mee Secured to be paid by Doctor Benjamin Worner Jonathan 
Prindle James Brown Nathaniel Gunn Joseph Bronson and Ebenezer Worner 
all of Said Waterbury And professors of the Church of England Have Given 
Granted bargained sold Aliened and made Over unto them and their Succes- 
sors of the Church of England In Said Waterbury as A Gleeb for the use of 
the Church forEver two Acres of Land in sd Waterbury and was Originally 
John Welton Snr. House Lott and Is bounded to the East on Edmund 
Scotts House Lott to the West on the sd Southmayds House Lott. North 
and South on Highways which piece of land be It more or less than two Acres 
as It lies buted and bounded I hereby maKe It over unto the Sd Grantees 
and their Successors to ly for the Above Said use as A Gleeb for Ever. To 
Have and to Hold the Above Given and Granted premises with all the privil- 
lidges Appurtenances and Commodities thereon or there unto belonging 
as Glebe Land for the use and behoof of Sd Church for Ever. And I the Sd 

114 



REAL ESTATE. 

Oliver Welton with the Consent of my SD Gaurdian do promise and Engage 
to and with the Sd Grantees and their Successors that I am the Lawful owner 
Of the Above Granted premises and that the Same Is free from Any Other 
Incumberances Whatso Ever. Hereby Assuring them that they may use 
and Improve the Same In manner and form of Glebe Lands with out Any 
Let or molestation from me or my Heirs or Successors or Any Other person 
what so Ever. And furthermore I the Sd OUver Welton with the Consent of 
my Gaurdian do Warrant the Same to the use Above Sd. Against All Claim- 
ers What so Ever, and we do Also promise to do What may be further 
Neccessary to be done for the sure making of the premises to the use above 
Sd Namely for Aglebe to ly for the use of Sd Church for Ever. In consider- 
ation hereof We Set our hands and Seals Feb. 11th 1744-5 
Signed Sealed and Delivered In presence of 

Sam'll. Hickcox. Oliver Welton [seal] 

Thomas Barns. Jno. Southmayd Gaurdian [seal] 

Waterbury February 11th Day A. D. 1744.5 then personally Appeared 

the Signers and Sealers of the Foregoing Deed or writing and Acknowledged 

the Same to be their free Act and Deed, before me 

Sam'll. Hickcox 

Justice of peace. 

Received And Entered February 11th 1744-5. 
A true Record of the Original Deed. 

Attest: John Southmayd Recorder. 
Volume 5 Page 549. 

Tliis deed lie confirmed after coming of age, December 17, 
1745. 

To All people to whom these presents Shall Come Greeting Know ye that 
I Ohver Welton of Waterbury In New Haven County In Connecticut haveing 
formerly Given a Deed With the Consent of my Gaurdian John Southmayd of 
Sd Waterbury of two Acres of Land In Sd Waterbury to Several persons in 
Sd Waterbury for a Glebe aa Appears by A Deed Lawfully Exicuted and on 
Record In Waterbury Records fifth Book page 549 which Deed being thought 
Insufficient because at the Exiuting of Sd Deed I was not of Lawful Age. 
Now being of Lawful Age and for the more Sure Making of the premises unto 
the Grantees therein Named and for the Consideration there in Mentioned 
do Give, Grant bargain Sel and Confirm unto them the Said Banjamin Worner 
Jonathan Prindle James Brown Nathaniel Gunn Joseph Bronson and Ebenezer 
Worner all of Sd Waterbury And professors of the Church oi England In 
Sd Waterbury And to their Scucessors for the use of the Said Church for Ever 
two Acres of Land In Sd Waterbury which was Originally John Welton Ser.s 
House Lott and Is bounded to the East on Edmund Scotts House Lott to 
the West on Jolm Southmayds House Lott North and South on Highways 
which two Acres Above described be it a little more or less than two Acres 

115 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

as It lies buted and bounded I here by Make It over unto the Above Sd 
Grantees and their Successors to ly for the Above Sd use as A glebe for Ever. 
To Have and to Hold the Above Given and Granted premises with All the 
priviUdges Appurtenances and Commodities there on Or there unto belonging 
as Glebe Land to the use and behoof of Sd Church for Ever. And I the Sd 
OUver Welton do Now promise to And With the Said Grantees and their 
Successors As Above that I am the Lawful owner of the Above Granted 
premises and that the Same is free of any Other Incumberance Whatso Ever 
Hereby Assureing them that they may now use And Improve the same In 
Manner and form as Above Sd without Any Let or molestation from me or 
my Heirs or Any Other person Whatso Ever and Fm-thermore I the Sd Oliver 
Welton do now further warrant the Same to the Said Grantees to the use 
Above Sd. Against All Claimers What so Ever and It must be understood 
that what I have now Done is only A Further Ratification and Confirmation 
of my Former Deed and to Make tliis binding to my Self and Heirs and Suc- 
cessors for the Sure Holding of the premises I have here unto Set my hand 
and Seal this 15th Day of December Anno Dom. 1745. 

Oliver Welton, [seal.} 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in ) Connecticut ss. Waterbury In N. Haven 

presence of ) County on the Day and Date Above then 

Jno. Southmayd. ) personally Appeared OUver Welton that 

Thomas Welton. ) Signed and Sealed the Above Written 

) Deed and Acknowledged the Same to be 
Received and Entered December ) his free act and Deed Coram. 
15th, 1745. ) John Southmayp 

A true Record of the Original ) Justice of Peace. 

Deed. Test. Jno. Southmayd 

Recorder. 
Volume 6 Page 60. 

This land was about where the house of the late Franklin L, 
Curtiss stands and probably a part of Mrs. Partree's lot, was 
eight rods front on West Main Street and ran through to Grand 
Street and was estimated at about two acres. March 25, 1747, 
this land was conveyed by the committee to whom it had been 
deeded (together with three other pieces) to the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. At first I was 
puzzled by this trust to the S. P. G., but I find that Blackstone 
says, Vol. II, p. 337, after having spoken of various modifications 
of the law of trusts, and of the Statute of uses: "The trustee 
is considered as merely the instrument of conveyance and can 
in no shape affect the estate unless by aUenation for a valuable 

116 



REAL ESTATE. 

consideration to a purchaser without notice, which, as the cestui 
que use is generally in possession of the land is a thing that can 
rarely happen" So that it would seem that the English law 
would pass even the legal title to the rector so soon as he was 
instituted, and by a statute passed in 1784 this particular sort 
of trust seems to have been fully provided for so that there 
seems no question as to the rights of the Society to convey. 

This piece with a tract of some six acres subsequently ac- 
quired, was leased by a Committee of St. John's Parish, April 19, 
1804, for 990 years to Justus Warner. 

This is the Statue of 1784. 

ESTATES GIVEN FOR THE SUPPOBT OF MINISTBY, HOW TO BE 
IMPROVED. 

Therefore, Be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That where 
there are any Lands, Monies, or other estates granted, given or sequestered, 
according to ancient Custom, Usage or Practice, or shall hereafter be given, 
granted or sequestered for the Use and Support of such ministry in any Town 
or Society in this State, then and in every such Case, the^Selectmen for the 
Time being, of such Town where there is but one Ecclesiastical Society; and the 
Committees for the Time being, of such Ecclesiastical Societies; as have been, or 
ehall be Constituted by this Assembly: or a Committee appointed by such 
Town or Society, (which Committee they are hereby respectively impowered to 
that End to appoint) shall have Full Power and Authority to demand, recover, 
receive, take care of, and Improve all such Lands, Monies, or other Estates, to, 
and for the Use and Support of such Ministry settled in such Town or Society, 
which they respectively represent according to the true Meaning, Intent 
and Design in such Grants, donations, or Sequestrations contained; and for 
their improvement thereof, and of the Increase, Profits and Interests thereof 
to be accountable from Time to Time in such Town or Society as they respect- 
ively represent. 

The third piece is of seventeen and one-half acres in the Park, 
from Jonathan and Daniel Scott, March 6, 1744-5. This was 
deeded with the others to the S. P. G. and still remains in pos- 
session of the Parish. 

To <M Christian people to whom these presents shall Come, Greeting: 

Know ye that We Benjamin Warner, James Brown Nathaniel Gunn Jona- 
than Prindle Joseph Brounson and Ebenezer Warner all of Waterbury In the 
County of New Haven and Colony of Connecticut In New England for and In 

117 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Consideration of the sum of Seven Hundred pound old tenour money of the 
Colony of Coimecticut well and truly paid by Richard Welton and Svmdry 
Other persons who are professors of the Church of England the Recopt where 
of We do hereby Acknewledge and are there with fully Satisfied and Con- 
tented Have and do by these presents with the advice and Concurrence of the 
Rest of our Neighbours Here in Concerned all professors of the Church of Eng- 
land do hereby Give and Grant the following peices and Parcels of Land here 
After Expressed Intending the Same for the first Glebe Lands to Endow A 
Certain Parrish Church In the Town ship of sd Waterbury Erecting and Carry- 
ing on for the better AccorapUshing the Endeavours Afore sd In great reverence 
and Regard to the Church of England as Established by Law and her Excellent 
Doctrine Service Unity and Order preferable to Any Other upon Earth for the 
Honour of God the Surest peace and Comfort of our selves, Neighbours and 
Posterity, Have founded the parrish Church Aforesaid for the use Aforesaid, and 
for the Endowment there of do by these presents freely Give Grant Convey 
and Confirm unto the Society for Propagating the Gospel In Foreign parts 
the following peices and Parcels of Land and buildings all lying in Said Water- 
bury that is to say, Two Acres of Land In said Waterbury with A house and 
fruit trees upon it bounded North and South on Highways West on John 
Southmayds House Lott and East on Edmund Scott deceased His House Lott, 
and Six Acres and three Quarters North of the Town bounded South on Eben- 
ezer Brounsons Land North on John Southmayd Land west on the Highway 
by the Common Fence East on Jno Judds Land also Nine acres and fifty Eight 
Rods of Land on the West Side of the River a record of which peice of Land 
may be seen In Waterbury Records 3d book page 326 Also seven teen Acres 
and half of Land In Said Waterbury on the West Side of the River Laid out 
February 15th, 1721, and Entred In Waterbury Records First Book page 361, 
where the Land is fully Described which severall peices of Land with the 
House and All other Appurtenances thereunto belonging we the Above 
Grantors do hereby make It over to Said Society and their successors for Ever 
but In trust and for the Special Intrest and purpose hereafter mentioned, to 
Bay as soon as there Shall be A Rector according to the order of the Church 
of England by Law EstabUshed Instituted and Inducted the premises shall 
be and Enure to the use of Such Rector In Cumbent and his Successors as 
the Glebe Lands of the Said Church In Fee Simple for Ever In Confirmatcion 
of the Within given and granted premises we the within grantors have hereunto 
Set our hands and Seals the twenty fifth day of March In the 20th year 
of the Reign of our Soveraign Lord George the Second of great brittain &c. 
King Anno Domini 1747. 

James Brown [seal] Nathall Gunn [seal] 

Joseph Brounson [seal] Jonathan Prindle [seal] 
Ebenezer Warner [seal] 

Signed Sealed and Delivered In prence 

of Jno Southmayd MeUcent Southmayd 

118 



REAL ESTATE. 

Received and EntredAprill 18 1747 Connecticut ss. Waterby In N Haven 
A true Record of the Original deed County on the day and date Above then 
Test: Jno Southmayd Recorder. personally appeared Measures James 

Brown Nathll Gunn Joseph Brounson 
and Jonathan Prindle and on the 18th 
day of Aprill 1747 then Appeared Mr. 
Ebenezer Warner the Above Signers 
and Sealers and Acknowledged the 
Same to be their free Act and deed 
Coram Jno Southmayd Justice of peace. 
from Waterbury Land Records Volume 6, page 195. 

The fourth and fifth pieces are six and three-quarters acres 
on the east side of North Willow Street and nine acres, fifty- 
eight rods lying west of the old town plot lots; the first being 
given by John Judd and the second by Thomas Barns, but both 
in the same deed, dated April 19, 1745. 

JOHN JUDD AND THOMAS BARNS DEED. 

Vol. 6 p 4, Apr 19, 1745. John Judd and Thomas Barns, in consideration 
of £21 to Judd & £28 to Barns Old tenor to Benjamin Warner, Joseph Bronson 
and Jonathan Prindle and to their successors professors of the Church of 
England in said Waterbury aa a glebe for use the of sd church in said place 
for ever, two pieces of land in said Waterbury in the following manner, John 
Judd 6 acres & 3 qrs. lying north of the town by the highway that goes by the 
Common fence and lies above Ebenezer Bronsons and to be taken off the north 
end so as to make 6| acres and bounded South on Mr. Ebenezer Bronsons 
land, west on highway, North on Mr. John Southmayds land and East on 
my own land and by Thomas Barns 9 a tfe 58 rods W of the river. 

Both these parcels were included in the deed to the S. P. G. 

The nine acres and fifty-eight rods was leased by a committee 
of the Society to Reuben Adams for nine hundred and ninety 
years, April 19, 1784. 

This Indenture or lease made & executed by and between Richard Welton 
John Clark and Obadiah Warner Committee of the first Episcopal Society in 
the town of Waterbury in New Haven County for and in behalf of sd Society 
of the one part and Reuben Addams of said Waterbury of the other part Wit- 
nesseth That the said Richard Welton John Clark and Obadiah Warner in 
capacity of Committee as aforesaid do for the consideration of Two hundred 
Dollars reed to their full satisfaction of the sd Reuben Addams lease out and 
to farm let imto the said Reuben Addams and unto his heirs for the term of 
Nine Hundred and ninety Years from the date hereof one certaiu piece of land 
situate in said Waterbury first Society a Uttle Eastward from George Prichards 

119 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

dwelling house containing Nine acres be it more or less Butted northwardly 
and westwardly on highway southwardly on Timothy Clark in part and partly 
on David Clarks land and Eaatwardly on David Clarks land in part and a 
small distance on David Prichards land. To have & to hold the above letten 
and leased premises with all the priviledges and appurtenances belonging to 
said leased premises for and during sd term of nine hundred and ninety years ; 
the sd Lessee taking to himself all the Cropps profits and Emoluments 
arising from the sd Letten premises during sd term having hereby granted 
him by sd Lessors full power and authority to use occupy possess and enjoy 
sd Letten premises and also to improve the same as he shall see fit without any 
molestation hinderance or impediment from sd Lessors or from sd Episcopal 
Society during sd term. In Witness where of We have hereunto set our 
hand and affixed our seals this 19th day of April A. D. 1784. 
In presence of Richard Welton [seal] 

Eli Clark 1 John Clark [seal] 

John Kingsbury / Obadiah Warner [seal] 

New Haven County ss. Waterbury April 19th 1804 personally appeared 
Messrs. Richard Welton John Clark & Obadiah Warner signers and sealers of 
the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same to be their free act & 
deed before me. 

John Kingsbury, Jtist Peace. 
Reed. April 19th 1804 
A true record attest 
John Kingsbury, Regr. 
from Waterbury Land Records Volume 28, page 450. 

The six and three-quarters acres were sold by permission of the 
Legislature under a vote of the parish in 1897 to Frederick B. 
Rice and George H. Clowes. 

Rev. Seth Hart while rector purchased about six acres of 
land extending from the east line of Church Street or thereabouts 
to the east line of the old rectory lot (Oliver Welton's). When 
Mr. Hart left, this tract was purchased by Justus Warner and 
Levi Beardsley. 

May 18, 1795, Justus Warner and Levi Beardsley convey to 
seventy-four persons this land. These persons were probably 
members of a so-called Episcopal Company, which seems to have 
been a voluntary organization having a constitution and by-laws, 
as appears from their deed which is given the same day (May 18, 
1795), to the wardens and principal members of the church and 
Episcopal Society, of this same propeity, reserving to themselves 
the use or interest. 

120 



REAL ESfATE, 

Nothing more appears on the records in regard to this Episco- 
pal Company, but I imagine that it was an association formed 
for the purpose of taking Mr. Hart's property for the benefit of 
the parish, but in some way dividing the expense among the 
members of the parish and keeping control of the income until 
the matter was settled. 

To all People to whom these Presents Shall come, Greeting: — Know Ye 
that We Justus Warner and Levi Beardsley of Waterbuiy in the County of 
New Haven and State of Connecticut for the consideration of Two Hundred 
and Seventy Pounds lawful Money received to our full satisfaction of Messrs. 
Joiin Welton Ard Welton Titus Welton Hezekiah Weltou Benjamin Welton 
Ephraiin Warner Justus Warner Richard Welton Richard F. Welton Mark 
Warner EliakimWelton Jun. Josiah Warner Lemuel Welton Ard Warner 
Richard Welton Junr. Eben Welton Eliakim Welton 3rd John Worthington 
Obadiah Warner David Warner Junr. Thomas Wiard Benjamin Benham 
Isaac Benham Levi Beardsley Joseph Bronson Obed Bartholomew Gad 
Bartholomew Shadrach Benham Salmon Brown Elias Brown Noah Brown 
Benjamin Benham Junr. Widow Mary Bronson John Nichols Simeon Nichols 
James Nichols Samme Nichols Eleazer Tompkins Hezekiah Todd Joseph 
Terrill Philip Tompkins Bethuel Todd Preserv'd Porter Reuben Prichard 
Amos Prichard Jun David Porter Ezra Pierpont Benjamin Prichard 
Timothy Porter John Cosset John Clark James Scovill Zebulon Scott Simeon 
Scott Justus Scott Joel Hickcox Jesse Hickcox Jonathan Hughes Abraham 
Heacox Caleb Munson Nathaniel Merrills Samuel Frost EUjah F Merrills 
Edmund Austin Cornelius Johnson Junr. Herman Munson William Adams 
& Nathaniel Selkrig all of the Town County and State aforesaid — Do give 
Grant Bargain Sell and confirm unto the above said Grantees and unto their 
Heirs & Assigns forever a certain piece or parcel of land lying a little South- 
westward from the meeting house in said Waterbury being lately occupied 
by the Revd. Seth Hart containing by estimation about six acres be the same 
more or less butted and bounded as follows North and South on Highway. 
West on the ancient Glebe so called and East on the land of Israel Holmes 
together with a house and barn Standing thereon 

To have and to hold the above granted and bargained premises with the 
appurtenances thereof unto them the said Grantees their Heirs and assigns 
forever to their own proper use and behoof and also We the said Grantors do 
for ourselves and Heirs Executors and Administrators covenant with the 
said Grantees and their heirs and assigns that at and untill the ensealing 
these presents We are Well seized of the premises as a good indefeasable 
Estate in fee simple and have good right to bargain and sell the same in 
manner and form as is above written and that the same is free of all incum- 
brances Whatsoever — 

And furthermore We the said Grantors do by these presents bind ourselves 

121 



Rec'd to record 

May 18th 1795 
A true record Test 
John Kingsbury Register 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, 

and our heirs forever to warrant and defend the above Granted and bargained 
premises to them the said Grantees and their heirs and assigns against all 
claims and demands Whatsoever In Witness Whereof We have hereunto set 
our hands and seals the 18th Day of May A.D. 1795 and of American Inde- 
pendance the 19th Signed Sealed and dehvered 
In presence of 

Phineas Porter "1 Justus Warner [seal] 

Nehemiah Hotchkiss J Levi Beardsley [seal] 

New Haven County ss. Waterbury 
the day and date above written personally ap- 
peared Justus Warner and Levi Beardsley signers 
Sealers of the foregoing Instrument and acknowl- 
edged the Same to be their free act & Deed 
before me 

Phinehas Porter Juste. Peace 

From Waterbury Land Records Volume 25 page 311. 

To all people Nations and languages of whatsoever denomination or pro- 
fession to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: — Be it Known unto you 
that We the subscribing persons to these oresents signed by our hands and 
sealed with our Seals. Do jointly as a protestant Episcopal Company and 
Severally in our individual and Select capacity for the reverence and veneration 
and the love and good will we bear to the Church and Episcopal Society in the 
Town of Waterbury in New Haven County and State of Connecticut and their 
posterity in the protestant Episcopal Une and various other valuable con- 
siderations us thereunto moving — Do give grant bargain Sell and confirm unto 
Ephraim Warner and Hermon Munson present Wardens for sd Church and 
their Successors in office in Capacity of Wardens and to John Welton Preserv'd 
Porter John Cosett Benjamin Benham Seba Johnson Isaac Benham Justus 
Warner Eliakim Welton John Nichols Caleb Munson Richard Welton Ard 
Welton who are principal Members of sd Society and all others of sd Society 
and their heirs and successors in sd Society forever the following tract or 
parcel of land (Viz) all that Messuage or tenement of land lying and being 
in sd Waterberbury in the first Society a Ititle Southwest of the Meeting house 
late the property and in the occupancy of the Revd. Seth Hart and is butted 
and bounded as follows North and South on Highway West on the ancient 
Glebe so called and East on the land of Israel Holmes together with a house 
and barn Standing thereon containing by estimation about six acres be the 
same more or less which land is given by us the Subscribers to be appropriated 
as so much principal estimated at two Hundred and seventy pounds lawful 
Money as a fimd for sd Society sd principal to continue as such forever The 
use or Interest of which is subject to the controul of us the Subscribers agree- 
able to a constitution of sd Company reference thereunto being had — 

To have and to hold the above granted and bargained premises with the 

122 



REAL ESTATE. 



appurtenances thereof unto them the sd Grantees conditioned as aforesaid 
and to their successors and heirs as aforesaid forever to thtir proper use and 
behoof And also We the Subscribers do for ourselves heirs Executors and 
administrators covenant with the sd Grantees in their capacity as aforesaid 
that at and untill the enseaUng these presents we are well seized of the prem- 
ises as joint Tenants in common as a good estate in fee simple and have good 
right to bargain and sell the same in manner and form as above written and 
furthermore we the sd Grantors do by these presents bind our selves and 
heirs forever to warrant and defend the above granted and bargained premises 
to them the sd Grantees in manner and form aforesaid against all claims and 
demands whatsoever in Witness Whereof we have hereunto Set our hands 
and seals this 14th day of May A.D. 1795. 
Signed Sealed and delivered in presence of 



Phinehas Porter 
Levi Bronson 2nd 
Ebenezer Hoadley 
John Welton 
David Bronson 



Nehemiah Hotchkiss 
Edward Scovill 
Polly Phelps 
Joseph Berch 



John Welton 
Eliakim Welton 
Jesse Hickcox 
Caleb Munson 
Hermon Munson 
Eleazer Tompkins 
Hezekiah Todd 
Edmund Austin 
Nathaniel Merrill 
Elijah F. Merrill 
Simeon Nichols 
John Cossett 
Noah Brown 
John Clark 
Epnm. Warner 
Titus Welton 
Eliakim Welton Junr. 
Simeon Scott 
Joel Hickox 
Jonathan Hughs 
Richard Welton Junr. 
Obed Bartlomew 
Justus Warner 
Ben J. Benham Junr 



[seal] 


Levi Beardsley 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Ezra Pierpont 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Ard Welton 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Jno. Nichols 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Preserv'd Porter 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Salmon Brown 


[seal] 


[seal 


Benj. Benham 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Shadrach Benham 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Reuben Prichard 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Elias Brown 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Joseph Terrill 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Timothy Porter 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Mark Warner 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Richard Welton 


[seal] 


[seal] 


James Nichols 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Benj. Prichard 


[seal] 


[seal] 


JosiAH Warner 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Abraham Hickox 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Bethuel Todd 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Eben Welton 


[seal] 


[seal] 


William Adams 


[seal] 


[sell] 


Daniel Porter 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Nathaniel Selkriq 


[seal] 


[seal] 


Philip Tompkins 


[seal] 



123 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



{New Haven County ss Waterbury the Day and date above written person- 
ally appeared all those persons who have above and within set their 
names and seals to the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same 
to be their free act and deed before me. 

Phinehas Porter Juste. Peace. 

New Haven County ss. Waterbury Deer. 12th 1796 personally appeared 
Messrs. Philip Tompkins CorneUus Johnson Jun & Samme Nichols signers 
and sealers of the foregoing Instrument and acknowledged tlie same to be 
their free act & deed before me Phinehas Porter Jtiste. Peace 

New Haven County ss. Waterbury on the 
25th Day of November A.D. 1796 person- 
ally appeared Messrs. James Scovill Richard 
F Welton Thomas Wiard and Joseph Bron- 
son signers and sealers of the foregoing 
Instrument and acknowledged the same 
to be their free act and Deed before me 
Phinehas Porter Juste. Peace 

New Haven County ss Waterbury the 29th 
Day of November 1796 personally appeared 
Mr. Samuel Frost Mrs. Mary Bronson signers 
and sealers of the foregoing Instrument and 
acknowledged the same to be their free act 
and deed before me 

Phinehas Porter /ttaf Peace 



James Scovill [seal] 

Richard F. Welton [seal] 
Cornelius Johnson Junr. 

[seal] 
Thomas Wiakd [seal] 

Joseph Bronson [seal] 



Samuel Frost [seal] 

Mart Bronson [seal] 

Benjamin Welton [seal] 

Obadiah Warner [seal] 

David Warner Jun. [seal] 

Ard Warner [seal] 

Zebulon Scott [seal] 

Hezekiah Welton [seal] 



Amos Prichard Junr. 
Isaac Benham 
John Worthinoton 
Samme Nichols 
Reed, to record April 6th 1797 
A true Record of the Origi- 
nal Deed Test 
John Kingsbury Regr. 



[seal] 
[seal] 
[seal] 
[seal] 



New Haven County ss Waterbury the 5th 
Day of December 1796 personally appeared 
Messrs Benjamin Welton Obadiah Warner 
David Warner Junr. Ard Warner Zebulon 
Scott Hezekiah Welton Amos Prichard Junr 
Isaac Benham John Withington signers 
and sealers of the above instrument and 
acknowledged the same to be their free act 
and deed before me 

John Welton Justice of Peace 
From Waterbury Land Records Volume 25 pages 390 ,1,2 

This Indenture or lease made and executed by and between Richard 
Welton John Clark and Obadiah Warner Committee of the first Episr-opal 
Society in the town of Waterbury in New Haven County for and in behalf of 
sd Society of the one part and Justus Warner of sd Waterbury of the other 

124 



REAL ESTATE. 

part Witnesseth that the sd Richard Welton John Clark and Obadiah Warner 
in capacity of Committee as aforesaid do for the consideration of Thirteen 
Hundred Eighty-three Dollars and one-third received to their full satisfaction 
of the said Justus Warner do lease out and to farm let unto the said Justus 
Warner and unto his heirs and assigns for the terra of Nine Hundred and 
ninety years from the date hereof one certain piece of land situate in sd Water- 
bury near the Episcopal Church containing Eight acres and three quarters be 
it more or less with the buildings thereon; Butted as follows (ViTi) Eastwardly 
on the heirs of Israel Holmes in part* & a small part on highway, Northwardly 
on highway in part & partly on Cyrus Clarks land & Abner Hitchcock's land, 
Westward on the heirs of David Taylor & south wardly on highway. 

To have and to hold the above letten and leased premises with all the 
priviledges and appurtenances belonging to said leased premises for and during 
sd term of nine Hundred & ninety years; the sd Lesse taking to himself all 
the Cropps profits and emoluments arising from the sd letten premises during 
6d term and the sd Lessors do hereby graut to him the said Lessee full power 
and Authority to use occupy possess and enjoy sd letten premises and also 
to improve the same as he shall see fit without any molestation hinderance 
or impediments from sd Lessors or from sd Episcopal Society during sd term 
In Witness Whereof We have hereunto set our hands and affixed our Peals 
this 19th day of April A.D. 1804. 

In presence of Richard Welton, [seal] 

John Kingsbury 1 John Clark [seal] 

William Hoadley J Obadiah Warner [seal] 

Reed, to record f New Haven County ss Waterbury May 7th A. D. 1804 

personally appeared Messrs. Richard Welton John 

Clark & Obadiah Warner signers and sealers of the 

foregoing Instrument and acknowledged the same 

to be his free act and deed before me 

John Kingsbury Justice of Peace 
From Waterbury Land Records Volume 28 page 451 

1804, April 19— Richard Welton, Jolin Clarlc and Obadiah 
Warner, as a committee of the First Episcopal Society of the town 
of Waterbury, lease to Justus Warner for nine hundred and ninety 
years, all the land which the parish had received from the Episco- 
pal Company, the boundaries being given somewhat differently 
but the land being apparently the same, also the glebe land given 
by Oliver Welton. (This lease expires in 2794.) 

1846, June 8 — James M. L. Scovill and William H. Scoviil 
deed to St. John's Parish "a piece of land lying in the town of 
Waterbury." 

* This is substantially the west line of Church street. 

125 



May 7th, 1804 
A true record Attest 
John Kingsbury 
Register 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

"We James M. L. Scovill and William H. Scovill of Waterbury in New 
Haven Coimty and members of St. Johns Parish of S'd Waterbury in consid- 
eration of love and affection which we have for said Parish and to the intent 
that said Parish may be furnished with a Cite whereon to erect an Edifice for 
the Worship of God, do remise, release and forever QUIT CLAIM unto the 
said Releasees and their successors' ' a piece of land lying in the Town of Water- 
bury a few rods Westerly of St. Johns church [this refers to the church when 
standing on the west end of the green] described as follows (to wit) beginning 
at the North East corner and running South 15° West five rods and 8 links 
to the North East corner of Widow Nancy Clarks land; thence North 71° West 
ten rods and Twenty one links; thence South 21° West nine Rods and 18 links 
to said Nancys south west corner; thence North 78° West four rods 17 links to 
Giles Ives's line; thence Northerly in said Ives's line One Hundred feet; thence 
Bouth 78*» East three rods 17 links; thence Northerly to the highway line, forty 
eight feet Westerly of the Wall of the Main Building of the church which said 
Parish are now Building on said land; thence Easterly to the first Corner But- 
ting northerly by highway and on Our land Easterly by highway and land of 
said Nancy Clarke Southerly by land of said Nancy and Hiram J. White and 
Westerly by land of Giles Ives and on our own land. [This includes the present 
church site and the horse shed lot.] (Vol. 53, p. 122, June 8", 1846.) 

1858, May 10— J. M. L. Scovill's administrator quit claims 
to St. John Parish the rectory on Leavenworth Street. [J. M. L. 
Scovill seems to have taken the title to this property in 1849, 
to be held until the parish could pay for it, and after his death 
the parish took the deed and assumed the debt. February 4, 
1886, the parish conveyed the property to Mrs. Olive M. Elton,] 

1883, December 20— Olive M. Elton and John C. Booth deeded 
to the Parish the present rectory lot, north fifty feet on West Main 
and a curved line ot twenty feet at the corner, west one hundred 
and forty-six feet on Church Street, south sixty-two and one-half 
feet on John M. Burrall's, eastward one hundred and fifty-five 
feet on John Kendrick's. 



126 



CHAPTER X. 

CHURCH OFFICERS, ST. JOHN's PARISH. 
(first CALLED ST. JAMES'.) 

Was Established as a Mission of the Ven. S. P. G. in 1737. 



The first church edifice was built in 








. 1743 


The second (consecrated as St. John's) in 




. 1797 


The third (burned in 1868) in 




. 1848 


The fourth in .... . 




. 1873 


The Rectory ..... 




. 1885 


The Parish House . . . . 




. 1890 


RECTORS. 


Jonathan Arnold about 1737-1739 


Theophilus Morris, 






about 1739-1743 


James Lyons, 






about 1744-1746 


Richard Mansfield, D.D., 






. 1749-1759 


James Scovil (first resident Rector) 


f 






1759-1788 


Solomon Blakeslee, 








1789-1790 


Chauncey Prindle, 








1790-1790 


David Foot, 








1790-1791 


Seth Hart, 








1791-1793 


Alexander V. Griswold, D.D., 








1795-1795 


William Greene . 








1796-1797 


Tillotson Bronson, D.D., 








1797-1806 


Virgil Horace Barber, . 








1807-1814 


Alpheus Geer, 








1814-1830 


William Barlow . 








1830-1832 


Allen C. Morgan, 








1833-1836 


Jacob L. Clark, D.D., . 








1837-1877 


Joel F. Bingham, D.D., 








1877-1880 


Robroy M. Converse, D.D., . 








1880-1883 


Edmund Rowland, D.D., 






1884-Emeritus 


John N. Lewis, Jr., 








1901- 



127 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



ASSISTANTS. 



John A, Paddock, 
George W. Home, 
Edward Jessup, . 
Charles G. Acly, . 
Samuel G. Appleton, 
Junius M. Willey, 
John Eaton Smith, 
C. W. Chandler, . 
A. Floridus Steele, 
Francis T. RusseU, 
J. Foote Bingham, 
Victor C. Smith, . 
John H. White, . 
R. M. Converse, . 
J. B. Harding, 
Melvville K. Bailey, 
S. R. Holden, 
John H. McCrackan, 
H. N. Tragett 
March C. Mayo, . 
John N. Xjewis, Jr., 
Taliafferro F. Caskey, 
Martin A. Barnes, 
Jacob A. Biddle, 
Royal Ransom Miller, 
Charles T. Hall, . 



1849-1849 

1849-1850 
1851-1852 
1852-1856 
1856-1858 
1858-1861 
1862-1864 
1864-1865 
1865-1868 
1868-1875 
1876-1877 
1877-1878 
1878-1878 
1878-1880 
a short time 
1883-1885 
1885-1887 
1890-1894 
1895-1896 
1896-1900 
1900-1901 
1902-1902 
1902-1905 
1905- 
1905-1906 
1906- 



There is no record of a choice of clerk from 1761 until 1765 
although the records were evidently made by several ditferent 
hands. The clerks did not sign their records until 1812. 

During the years, 1786-94, two clerks were appointed. A 
Society's meeting was held in December and a vestry meeting in 
the Spring. Perhaps one clerk was intended for each but it does 
not appear so in the record. 



128 



CHURCH OFFICERS, ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 



CLERKS. 

Thomas Osborn, . 1761-1764 

Abraham Hickox, 176&-1784 

Isaac Benhara, . 1785-1797 

Seba Bronson, . 1786-1794 

James Scovill, . 1797. 

Daniel Porter, . 1797-1808 

Ashley Scott, . . 1809-1823 
excepting one year. 

Edmund Austin . 1817-1818 

Elijah F. Merrill, . 1824-1833 

Leverett E. Rice . 1834-1837 

Samuel H. Judd, . 1837-1838 
Samuel W. Hall,1839,1854r-1868 

John P. Elton, . 1840-1848 

Rufus E. Hitchcock, 1848-1852, 

1868-1871. 
Chester J. Carrington, 1853 

John W. Smith, . 1872-1875 

Nelson J. Welton, 1876-1889 

Charles F. Mitchell, 1889- 



WARDEN8. 

Timothy Porter, . 
John Welton, . 
Daniel Brown, 
John Hickox, . 
Ephraim Warner, 
Benjamin Benham, 
Herman Munson, 



1761-1763 
1761-1783 
1764-1765 
1766-1772 
1772-1795 
1784-1785 
1786-1795 



There is no record of elec- 
tion of wardens from 1795 until 
1817 when James Scovil was 
chosen. No further election re- 
corded until William H. Scovill, 

1838-1854. 
Obadiah Warner, . 1838-1839 
Leonard Piatt, . 1839-1856 
Scovill M. Buckingham, 1854- 

1889. 
Chester J. Carrington, 1857- 

1862. 
Isaac E. Newton, . 1862-1886 
Edward R. Lampson, 1886- 

1895. 
Nelson J. Welton, 1890- 
Frederick J, Kingsbury, 

1895- 

TREASURERS. 

Ephraim Warner, 1785-1803 

James Scovil, . . 1804-1821 

Daniel Steele, Jr., . 1821-1827 

William H. Scovill, 1828-1838 

Leonard Piatt, 1839-1849 
Edward S. Clark, . 1850 

Samuel W. Hall, . 1851-1855 

John P. Elton, . 1856-1864 

Nathan Dikeman, 1865-1877 

Franklin L. Curtis, 1877-1906 
Edwin S. Hunt, . 1906 



society's committee and vestry. 
(Approximate dates every 10 years, but no names repeated.) 

1760-1770— Capt. Geo. Nichols, Ins. (Ensign) [Ephraim] 
Warner, Abram Hickcox, David Warner, Eleazer Prindle, David 
Porter, John Welton, Daniel Brown, Capt. Edward Scovil, Dr. 

129 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

Ephraira Warner, Benjamin Ferris, Preserved Porter, John 
Hickox, Capt. Hezekiah Brown, Jonathan Garnsee, Jr. 

1771 to 1780(in addition to the above) — Seba Bronson, William 
Nichols Isaac Benham, Timothy Porter, Enos Gunn, Benjamin 
Benham, Ebenezer Warner, Elijah Richards, Samuel Nichols, 
Edmund Austin, Stephen Welton, Richard Welton. 

1781-1790 (in addition)— Ephraim Warner, Thomas M.Culver, 
Ard Welton, Simeon Nichols, Jobamah Gunn, Eliakim Welton, Jr., 
David Warner, John Cossett, James Scovil (Jr.), Ard Welton, 
Eliakim Welton, Jr. 

1791-1800 — Herman Munson, Mark Warner, Asa Beach, John 
Clark, Jr., Joseph Terrill, Lemuel Welton, Levi Bronson, Benj. 
Benham, Jr., John Worthington, Richard Welton, Obadiah War- 
ner, Richard F, Welton, Elezer Tompkins, Elijah F. Merrill. 

1801-1810 — Zenas Hungerford, Seymour Welton of Wolcott, 
Thomas Welton of Wolcott, King William Lamson, Erastus 
Welton, Miles Newton. 

1811-1820 — Joseph Leavenworth, JosephWarner, Ashley Scott, 
Daniel Steele, Asa Hoadley, Elias Clark, Joseph Nichols, Ard 
Warner, Jr., Legrand Bancroft, James M.L. Scovill, Miles Newton 
Jr., Bela Welton, Timothy Ball, Elias Brown, Humphrey Nichols. 
1821-1830— Joseph Bronson 2d, Merit Welton, Daniel Steele, 
Jr., Leonard Warner, Lyman Bradley, George Warner, William 
H. Scovill, Samuel Cook, David W. Austin, Isaac Nicholson. 

1831-1840— (Vestry) Joel Hinman, John Sandland, Wm. 
H. Adams, William Porter, Moses Hall, Enoch Woodruff, 
Miles Newton, Anson Bronson, Aaron Gibbs, Leonard Piatt, 
John P. Elton, Scovill M. Buckingham, William M. Pem- 
berton, John Sandland, Jr., Wm. R, Hitchcock, Sherman Hickox, 
Lyman Welton, Anson Downs, Anson Sperry. 

1841-1850— Rufus E. Hitchcock, Burritt Judson, John P. 
Elton, William Hickox, David E. Downs, Isaac E. Newton, 
Hobart V. Welton, William Lamb, C. B. Merriman, Enos A. 
Pierpont, Chester J. Carrington, Edwin Newton, Merit Lane. 

1851-1860 — Sherman Hickox B. H. Morse, George Pritchard, 
W. N. Bradley, E. B. Cooke, Lyman H. Welton, Geo. F. Perry, 
Leonard Pritchard, Carlos Hungerford, Edward S. Clark, Henry S. 

130 



CHURCH OFFICERS, ST. JOHN'S PARISH. 

Pierpont, Nelson J. Welton, Theodore I. Driggs, Edward S. Clark, 
Lyman W. Coe, John W. Smith, Arad W. Welton, R. W. Cairns, 
William Lamb, Nathan Dikeman, Aner Bradley, Jr., James P. 
Blake. 

1861-1870— Enos A. Pierpont, B. P. Chatfield, Henry Merri- 
man, Charles Dickinson, J. H. Sandland, J, C. Booth, Frederick 
J. Kingsbury, James S. Elton, Samuel W. Hall, Jarvis E. Ellis, 
E. L. Frisbie. 

1871-1880— E. R. Lampson, Edwin S. Hoyt, L. L. Trumbull, 
John S. Castle, Edward D. Steele, Edwin D. Welton, Alonzo 
Boyden, F. L. Curtiss, H. H. Peck, I. A. Mattoon, Albro Scovill. 

1881-1890— Gordon B. Lawrence, Joseph Welton, T. D. Bar- 
low, Wm. A. Faber, Robert K. Brown, Roswell H. Buck, 
Edward M. Burrall, Charles F. Mitchell, William B. Merriman. 

1891-1900— George L. Welton, George F. Hughes, S. P. 
Williams, John P. Elton, H. O. Miller, George A. Driggs, James 
Crompton, Carl E. Munger, Frederick S. Chase, Edward 0. Goss, 
Robert W. Hill. 

1900-1907— Louis N.Van Keuren, John P. Kellgog, J. M. Bur- 
rall, 2d, Arthur 0. Jennings, F. J. Loomis, Arthur M. Dickinson, 
H. W. Steele, Wm. E. Fulton, Edwin S. Hunt. 

AGENTS. 

For a good many years the business affairs of the parish have 
been managed by an agent, appointed annually, as agent both of 
the parish and vestry. 

This agent has frequently been the senior warden, but not 
necessarily nor always. Next the rector, the agent is the person 
who has most responsibility for all parish matters, is the chief 
parish executive and holds the most important position. For 
more than one hundred and fifty years there has always been some 
layman who appeared to carry the responsibility of the parish. 
During the latter half of the eighteenth century Captain John 
Welton was the man, and after him came Justus Warner, then 
William H. Scovill, Scovill M. Buckingham, Theodore L Driggs, 
Nelson J. Welton. At the same time there have been others who 
were active and efficient, but these have been the representative 
men. 

131 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



1906. 



OFFICERS OF ST. JOHN S PARISH. 



Rev. Edmund Rowland, D.D., 
Rev. John N. Lewis, Jr., 
Rev. Charles T. Hall, . 
Nelson J. Welton, 
F. J. Kingsbury, 



Rector Emeritus. 
Rector. 

Assistant. 
Senior Warden. 
Junior Warden. 



VESTRYMEN. 



James S. Elton, 
G. E. Hunger, 
J. M. Burr all, 
J. P. Kellogg, 



James Crompton, 
H. W. Steele, 
E. D. Welton 
W. E. Fulton. 



F. S. Chase, 

L. N. Van Keuren, 

E. S. Hunt, 

T. D. Barlow, 

Chas. F. Mitchell, Ex-officio. 
F. L. Curtiss, Ex-officio. 
Chas. F. Mitchell, Clerk. *F. L. Curtiss, Treasurer. 

Nelson J. Welton, agent of parish and vestry. 



*F. L. Curtia died May 10, 1906, and Edwin S. Hunt was appointed treasurer. 



132 



CHAPTER XL 



CERTAIN TAX RATES.* 



I AM indebted to Miss Katharine A. Priciiard for the following 
list of Churchmen in Waterbury as taken from the Rate-books 
of the town, 

1748-1776. 

Westbury is included for the entire period; Northbury until 1756. 

The first column of figures denotes the amount on which they 
were taxed at the date when they appear as "Churchmen," "Epis- 
copalians" or "Church of England men"; the second column 
shows the largest amount on which they were taxed, 1748-1783. 

The Earliest list of Churchmen, as such, is on the Rate-book 
for 1748. 



Barnes, John £101-101 

Bronson, Joseph 150-197 

fBrown, Daniel 20-191 

fElam 27-68 

James 53-131 

James, Jr 46- 48 

John 35-121 

fJoseph 20-104 

fDoolittle, Thomas 58-95 

Gordon, James 30- 54 

Gunn, Nathaniel 119-210 

fHickox, Samuel 140-160 

Johnson, Robert 65-101 

Judd, John 75-135 

Joseph 56- 56 

Nichols, George 101-324 

Richard 139 139 

Porter, Dr. Daniel 81-111 

Timothy 57-136 

tPrindle, Jonathan 114-155 

tScott, Daniel 46-56 



Scott, Edmund 35-91 

Gershom 106-113 

Zebulon 34-81 

Scovill, WilUam 112-163 

Selkrig, William 21-71 

Terrell, Joshua 26-28 

Gamaliel 99-108 

Thompson, Caleb 54-218 

Truck, Abraham 30-36 

Warner, Benjamin, Jr 18- 52 

Ebenezer, 3d 67-146 

Ephraim, Jr 36- 96 

Josiah 64- 64 

Obadiah 63- 70 

Welton, Eliakim 30-125 

tGeorge 90-105 

Richard 68-126 

Richard, Jr 98-157 

Stephen 58-155 

Thomas, Jr 30- 66 

Wheland, Jolm 30-96 



*This list is printed in this book as it does not appear elsewhere and a list of this sort 
is too valuable to be lost. 

tResided in Westbury (was Watertown in 1780). 

133 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



ADDITIONS, 1749-1758 

Allen, Ephraim 23- 48 

Barnes, Thomas 69- 94 

Batcheldor, Abel 31-60 

Bellamy, James 33- 42 

*Blakeslee, Abner 32-183 

James 56-102 

In 1769, James is called a Baptist. 

Jude 18-104 

Stephen 29-70 

Brown, Hezekiah 18-124 

Chapman, Silas 12- 21 

Cossett, John 18-52 

Curtiss, Samuel 49- 76 

Davis, Morris 21-28 

♦DooUttle, James 42-95 

Ford, Ebenezer 42-116 

Enos , 24-29 

Graves, Cornelius 59-134 

Grilley, Jehula 27-76 

Hew 7-41 

♦Hartshorn, Eliphalet 38-101 

♦Hikcox, John 23-78 

John, Jr 49-62 

How, Samuel 18- 26 

Hubbard, Josiah 23- 58 

Nathan 61-85 

*Judd, Ebenezer 30-107 

Lieut. John 109-135 

Lewis, Lent 18- 24 

Luddington, Abraham 43- 43 

David 23-49 

Sarah 35- 35 

♦MerriUs, Caleb 22-56 

David 60-60 

*Ephraim 24-37 

♦Nathaniel 30-58 

Nichols, Benjamin 18- 45 

Isaac 25- 25 

James 54-127 

Joseph 58— 95 

Osborn, Thomas 21-169 

Porter, Daniel, Jr 21-111 

Preserved 18- 77 



Potter, Samuel 52- 67 

Pricliard, Roger, Jr 68-148 

♦Prindle, Eleazer 49-120 

Scott, Obadiah, 3d 22-39 

Robert 24-32 

♦Scovill, widow Desire 27- 27 

♦Samuel 102-104 

Shelton, Samuel (Stratford) 4- 24 

Silkrig, widow Judith 3- 5 

Slater, John 19- 58 

Terrill, Amos 22-50 

Benjamin 31-68 

Warner, Dr. Benjamin .... 63- 93 

Benjamin, 3d 18-21 

David 20-100 

Joseph 21- 62 

Josiah, 2d 56-76 

Timothy 49- 89 

Way, David 49- 54 

May 29-89 

May, Jr 30-39 

Thomaa 18-74 

Welton, Ebenezer 21-40 

John 65-153 

Oliver 50-132 

Woodruff, John 15-24 

Wooster, David 46-114 

Thomas 9- 9 

[In 1751, this list is given for North- 
bury. 

Allen, Ebenezer 36-106 

Gideon 49-74 

Blakeslee, Jacob 77-115 

Moses 26- 69 

Reuben 33- 61 

Thomas & David, 

83-142 & 145 

Castle, Asael 37- 36 

Isaac 49- 73 

Cook, Henry 10-50 

Curtiss, Abel 42-107 

Elwell, Ebeneaer 91- 91 

Fancher, Samuel 28- 28 

Ford, Cephas 22- 33 



134 



;Ki 



CERTAIN TAX RATES. 



Ford, Ebenezer 39-1 16 

Mary 74- 74 

Hill, Jonathan 32-32 

How, John 70- 89 

Jacobs, Bartholomew 57- 78 

Luddington, Moses 67- 73 

SutUff, Abel 49-96 

John 32-169 

Weed, Jonas 25-82] 

The sum total of the list for 1758 
is £7,407, divided among 89 persons. 
The entire grand Ust of the town for 
that year is £23,204. 

ADDITIONS, 1759-1768. 



Anderson, Johnson 


..£ IS- 36 


Arnold, David 


. . 22-35 


Austin, Edmund 


36- 53 


Barrett, James 


. . 35- 25 


♦Beach, Asael 


. . 32- 55 


Benham, Benjamin 


. . 23- 84 


James 


... 21- 29 


Reuben 


. . 13- 18 


Shadrach 


. . 29-51 


Bolt, Bartholomew 


. . 30- 30 


Bronson, Ebenezer, Jr . . . 


. . 36- 53 


Seba 


. . 43-136 


♦Brown, Daniel, Jr 


. . 18- 26 


♦Samuel 


. . 57- 99 


Camp, Abel 


. . 21- 65 


Candee, Noah 


. . 67-224 


Chambers, Thomas 


. . 48- 48 


Clifford, Daniel 


. . 32- 33 


♦Doohttle, James 


. . 84-95 


♦Samuel 


. . 33- 52 


Douglass, Alexander F . . 


. . 21- 74 


♦Frost, Moses 


. . 27- 27 


Samuel 


. . 46- 46 


Timothy 


. . 37- 40 


Fulford, Gershora 


. . 17- 94 


John 


. . 21- 23 


Jonathan 


. . 21-83 


♦Titus 


46-48 


Grilley, Henry 


. . 33- 33 



Guernsey, Jonathan, Jr. . . . 70-211 

Gunn, Enos 60-187 

Nathaniel, Jr 48- 77 

♦Hand, Aaron 18- 27 

Hickox, Abraham 36-157 

♦John, Jr 58-58 

WilUam 67-99 

♦Judd, Asa 21-48 

♦Brewster 20-26 

♦Enoch 18-20 

♦Noah 40 

[and John, 199] 

♦Mattoon, David 139-139 

Munson, Harmon 39- 81 

Nichols, Lemuel 42-180 

Page, Joseph 45- 45 

Painter, John 62- 73 

Porter, John 18-54 

Timothy, Jr 27-87 

♦Prichard, Joseph 26- 30 

Prindle, John 20-20 

Scott, Barnabas 36- 37 

Gideon 68-68 

♦Obadiah, Jr 23-83 

♦Scovill, Darius 20-64 

Edward 179-179 

Timothy 36-36 

Selkrig, Nathaniel 18-27 

♦Shelton, Daniel 4-10 

♦Smith, Wait 27-135 

♦Stillwell, Benjamin 31-43 

♦Stow, Josiah 40-40 

♦Thomas, Samuel 24-24 

Tuttle, Ezekiel 5- 6 

Jabez (one horse) . . 3-39 

Twitchell, Isaac 28-79 

Tyler, Abraham 57-91 

Warner, Abijah 30-48 

Ard 25-61 

Ephraim, Jr 28-84 

William 21-32 

Webb. Samuel 27-32 

Welton, widow Deborah . . . 69- 69 

Eliakim, Jr 31-78 



135 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



Welton, Nathaniel 39-39 

Stephen, Jr 38-150 

Wooster, Miles 46- 48 

Wait 32-46 

ADDITIONS, 1769-1776. 

Adams, Abraham 53- 76 

Beach Joel, 10- 19 

Beebe, Ephraim 27-28 

Benham, Isaac 35- 61 

Bronson, widow Mary 64- 93 

Brown Asa 20-27 

Daniel, 3d 21-26 

Bunnell, Benjamin 60- 50 

Candee, Timothy 27-39 

Culver, Stephen 61-71 

Dowd, Jacob 29-57 

Fenn, Samuel 23- 41 

Grilley, Cyrus 21-24 

Daniel 26-29 

Griswold, Jonathan 42- 42 

Gunn, Abel 107-119 

Jobamah 61-198 

Hickox, Jesse 24- 41 

Hungerford, Jonas 18-67 

Hurd, Andrew (Strat.) .... 6-7 

Lewis, Benjamin (Cheshire) 2- 2 

Caleb 37-37 

Merchant, John 47- 53 

Moss, Joseph 41- 47 

Munson, Isaac 18- 18 

William 24-43 

Nichols, Elijah 18-18 



Nichols, Joseph, Jr. [3d] . . 
Osborn, Ebenezer 

Thomas, Jr 

Painter, John 

Phillips, Thomas 

Porter, Francis 

John, 

Mark 

Prichard, widow Rebecca. 

Prindle, Jotham 

Richards, Elijah 

Obadiah 

widow Sarah . . . 

Roberts, Joel 

Scott, Noah 

Simeon 

Selkrig, John 

Seymour, Gideon 

Smith, Lue 

Terrill, Matthew 

Tuttle, Jesse 

Tyler, Jacob 

Wakelee, Ebenezer 

Warner, Ebenezer, Jr . . . . 
widow Eleanor . . 

Obadiah 

Seth 

Way, Ebenezer 

Welton, Ard 

EU 

Ezekiel 

Thomaa, 3d 

Winters, Obadiah 



21- 33 
25- 25 
35- 62 
25- 73 
21- 21 
18- 36 

37- 54 
18- 45 
13- 13 
18- 18 
48- 73 
75-109 
21- 24 
18- 29 

38- 38 
29- 47 

25- 29 
34- 48 
18- 28 
18- 27 
16- 27 
34- 34 

26- 99 
18- 60 
53- 53 
24- 70 
40- 54 
21- 21 
44- 50 
33- 39 
56- 56 
40- 55 
32- 38 



I am also indebted to Miss Prichard for the following list 
of children "Baptised at Waterbury" by Dr. Mansfield which 
seems worth preserving. 

Baptisms from 
" The Church Book op the Parish of Derby," 
BY THE Rev. Mr. Mansfield. 
Elihu to Lent Lewis. 
Joseph to Richard Nichols. 



1748-9, Feb. 11, 
1749-50, Feb. 11, 
1748, Nov 20, 



Jobamah to Nathaniel Gunn. 
136 



CERTAIN TAX RATES. 

1748, Nov. 20, Tamer to Richard Nichols. 

1748, Dec. 11, Prue to George Nichols. 
1748-9, Jan. 29, Thomas to Stephen Welton. 
1748-9, Feb. 26, Aaaph to James Brown. 

1749, April 16, Matthew to Joshua Tyrrell. 

1749, May 28, Marlin Molotts, servant to Captain Heacocka 

1749, Sept. 17, Moses to EUakim Welton. 

1749, Sept, 17, Sarah to Ebenezer Judd. 

1749, Sept. 17, Rhena to Obadiah Warner. 

1749. Oct. 8, Ozias to Josiah Warner. 

1749, Nov. 5, Jemima to Ebenezer Warner. 

1749, Nov. 6, Keziah to Moses Blakeslee, Northbiuy. 

1749, Nov. 6, Ephraim to John How 

1749, Jmie 25, Reumah to Caleb Thompson. 

1749, June 25, Gideon to Ebenezer AUing. 

1749, June 25, John to Ebenezer Ailing. 

1 749, June 25, David to Ebenezer Ailing. 

1749, June 25, Rachel to Ebenezer AUing. 

1749, June 15, John to Daniel Russell. 

1749, Feb. 11, Susanna to John Whalen. 

1750, May 1, Richard to Isaac Castle, Northbury. 
1750, May 1, Freelove to Abel Curtiss, Northbury. 
1750, May 20, Allen to Thomas Welton. 

1749, June 25, Isaac to Jonas Weed, Northbury. 

1749, June 25, John to Caleb Matthews, Northbury. 

1749, June 25, Daniel to Daniel Rowe, Northbury. 

1749, June 25, Daniel to Mr. Long, Northbury. 

1749, June 25, Abigail to Mr. Warner, Northbury. 

1749, June 25, Phebe to Edward Neal, Northbury. 

1750, July 8, Ruth to Timothy Porter. 
1750, July 29, Benjamin to Mr. Salters. 
1750, July 29, Lydia to Nathan Hubbard. 
1750, July 29, Esther to Daniel Scott. 
1750, Nov. 4, Seth to Ephraim Warner. 

1750, Dec. 16, Ebenezer to James Brown, Jr. 
1750-1, Feb. 3, A son to Ebenezer Judd. 
1750-1, Mch. 24, A daughter to William Silkrig. 

1751, April 14, Hannah to Caleb Thompson. 
1751, April 16, Lemuel to Jonathan Hill. 
1751, April 16, Ephraim to Samuel How. 
1751, April 16, Submit to Reuben Blakeslee. 
1751, May 1, Lydia to Mr. Scott. 

1761, June 2, John to George Nichols. 

1751, June 2, A daughter to Caleb Thompson. 



137 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



1751, 


June 23, 


1751, 


June 23, 


1751, 


June 25, 


1751, 


Aug. 11, 


1751, 


Oct. 21, 


1751, 


Oct. 20, 


1751, 


Nov. 10, 


1751, 


Dec. 25, 


1752, 


Feb, 16, 


1752, 


April 5, 


1752, 


April 5, 


1752, 


April 26, 


1752, 


June 14, 


1752, 


June 14, 


1752, 


June 15, 


1752, 


Sept. 24, 


1752, 


Sept. 24, 


1752, 


Sept. 24, 


1752, 


Sept. 24, 


1752, 


Oct. 18, 


1753, 


at Waterbiu-y 


1753, 


March 4, 


1753, 


March 4, 


1753, 


March 26, 


1753, 


March 27, 


1753, 


March 26, 


1753, 


March 27, 


1753, 


March 27, 


1753, 


March 27, 


1753, 


March 27, 


1753, 


May 13, 


1753, 


July 2, 


1753, 


July 2, 


1753, 


July 3, 


1753, 


July 3, 



Anna to Joseph Bronson. 

A daughter to Oliver Welton. 

Abigail to Ebenezer Allen, Northbury. 

A eon to Nathaniel Gunn. 

Abel to Abel Sutley [SutHffj. 

Nathaniel to Joseph Brown. 

Phebe to Mr. Gordon. 

Abel to John Whalen. 

Thomas to S. Welton. 

Aaron to Ehakim Welton. 

Annes to Ebenezer Welton. 

Lydia to Richard Welton. 

Titus to Edward Neal. 

Pomp, servant to Jonathan|Prindle. 

DeUverence to Isaac Curtiss. 

" Mary, daughter to Joseph Smith, and three more at 

Northbury." 
Ben, an adult servant to Capt. Hickock. 
David to Ebenezer Welton. 
Hannah to James Brown, 
A son to Oliver Welton. 
and Northbury: 
Benajah to Ebenezer Judd. 
Sarah to Daniel Brown. 
Thankful to Simon Tuttle. 
Sebe to Caleb Thompson. 
Silas to Reuben Blakeslee. 
EU to David Blakeslee. 
Abigail to Samuel How. 
Mary to Cephas Ford. 
Lucy to Moses Luddington, 
WilHam to WilUam Silkrig. 
Barnabas to Ebenezer Ford. 
Simeon to Abel Castle. 
Timothy to Timothy Porter. 
Sally to Timothy Porter. 



138 



CHAPTER XII. 

ST. Peter's parish, northbury (Plymouth). 

IN Northbury, at "the Hollow," now Thomastown, a building 
was erected about 1738 (on land given by the Rev. John 

Southmayd, pastor of the First Congregational Church of 
Waterbury), which was used as a place of public meetings, for 
religious purposes, and as a school-house. After a few years a 
portion of the society wished to build a church and preferred 
to have it on the hill. This led to a division. Part of the society 
built a new house and went to the hill, while the others remained 
at the old place. It was not long befc)re this remnant left in the 
"Hollow" became an Episcopal parish, or at any rate a band of 
people worshipping according to the liturgy of the Church of 
England and receiving the occasional ministrations of the mission- 
aries of the Venerable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
Messrs. Morris, Arnold, Lyon and Mansfield. 

Dr. Bronson's History (page 310) represents the majority of 
the congregation as having become Episcopalians and having 
voted out the minority with the Rev. Samuel Todd, the Congre- 
gational clergyman, and Dr. Beardsley has followed this in his 
History of the Episcopal Church in Connecticut. But the Rev. 
E. B. Hillard, in some researches made in 1888, while he was pas- 
tor of the Congregational Church at Plymouth, found a document 
which puts a somewhat different face on the matter. As this 
document does not appear in the Colonial Records, and is valuable 
evidence on a controverted, or at least misunderstood, matter, 
it is reproduced here, jpour servir. It is dated at Northbury, 
October 8, 1740: 

To the Honorable and General Assembly, convened at New Haven: 

We, the subscribers, having in time past applied ourselves to this Assembly 
for, and they being so complaisant towards us as to grant us, the liberty in the 
first place to hire the gospel preached with us in the winter season which 
privilege we thankfully improved, ami after that through tlioir benignity 
toward us we obtained the privilege of hiring the gospel preached with us for 

139 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

the space of two years, and having no house in the centre of us convenient 
to attend the public worship in, the Rev. Mr. Southmayd encouraged us to 
erect a small house for that use, by giving us a parcel of land in the centre of 
us for that end, upon which we built a small house and in a short time carried 
on the pubUc worship peaceably in it. And after we had met in the house 
about a year our necessity was so great of enjoying the gospel ordinances, upon 
our request (though we were very small) the Assembly was pleased to favor 
us with society privileges, upon which in a Uttle time we gave Mr. Samuel 
Todd a call to settle in the work of the ministry with us, of which he accepted, 
and, being settled with us, we find our obligations to him full as much, if not 
more than we can answer; and it being evident at this day to the Assembly 
that a certain number among us are striving to involve us in much greater 
charges still, which, if obtained, we despair of answering our obligation to Mr. 
Todd, and we humbly conceive that the forementioned house of which we 
are the proprietors will answer the present necessity of the society to attend 
pubUc worship and which we freely dedicate to that use, and request, if the 
Assembly see fit, that the said house may be established the place of public 
worship so long as they see fit. That so the charge of building a meeting- 
house or any charge for that end may be prevented at present.* 

At the October session the Assembly apparently took no action, 
but the following May, "being informed of the broken and con- 
fused circumstances of the parish at Northbury, etc., they ap- 
pointed a committee to conduct said society in the choice of proper 
officers and advise and direct where they shall meet on the Sabbath 
for public worship." In October following they appointed an- 
other committee, in part the same persons, to "fix a site," etc. 
The end of it all was that the party favoring a new church and a 
new site carried the day, but the disaffected portion declined to 
be taxed and stuck to their school-house, and soon after most of 
them declared themselves members of the Church of England. 

(The first paragraph of the Northbury Congregational Church record now 
extant has this entry: "Any member of Regular standing in the Church of 
England shall be admitted to Occasional Communion with us in this church 
for the time to come.) 

In 1759, when the Rev. James Scovill became the rector in 
Waterbury, he gave one-half his services to Northbury and New 



*The signers of this document are: William Ludenton, Jonathan Cook, John Sutlef, Jr., 
Barnabas Ford, John How, Isaac Cassel, Thomas Blasle (Blakeslee), Jacob Blasle, Ebenezer 
Richardson, Caleb Humiston, Phinehas iiice, Daniel Curtis, Gediau Allen, Jeremiah I'ecit, 
Jerecoiah Peck, Jr., Ebenezer Elwell, Samuel Frost, John Sutlef, Samuel Jacobs. 

140 



ST. PETER'S PARISH, NORTH BURY (PLYMOUTH). 

Cambridge. In 1771, Northbury and New Cambridge seem to 
have set up for themselves. Dr. Bronson says they obtained the 
services of a minister. In 1773 the Rev. James Nichols, a native 
of Waterbury, became the rector, supplying the two places; but 
in 1775 he went to Litchfield. During the Revolution few ser- 
vices appear to have been held, although there were many ardent 
churchmen in that section of the town, the feeling being so strong 
that there was a great number of disaffected persons, some of 
whom suffered seriously for their opinions. Among them was 
Moses Dunbar, who was hanged for treason at Hartford. 

In 1784 an Episcopal society was legally formed under the new 
enabling act with 57 legal voters, as follows: 



Solomon Collis, 
Afiher Blakeslee, 
Eli Blakeslee, 
Moses Blakeslee, 
Samuel Blakeslee, 
Thomas Blakeslee, 
Noah Blakeslee 
Jude Blakeslee, 
Ebenezer Ford, 
Barnabas Ford, 
Enos Ford, 
Daniel Ford, 
Amos Ford, 
David Luddington, 
Gideon Seymour, 
Abel Sutliff, Jr., 
Wm. Tuttle, 
Thos. Way, 
Sam'l Way, 



Abner Blakeslee, 
Hosea Blim, 
Philo Bradley, 
Ebenezer Bradley, 
Ebenezer Bradley, Jr., 
Zadok Curtis, 
Ezra Dodge, 
Cornelius Crane, 
Benj. Crane, 
Simeon Crane, 
Eliphalet Hartshorn, 
Eliphalet Hartshorn, Jr. 
Jesse Humaston, 
Sam'l Peck, Jr., 
David Shelton, 
Sam'l Scovill, Jr., 
Thos. WilUams, 
Oggrius Warner, 



Titus Barnes, 
Amos Bronson, 
John Brown, 
Joab Camp, 
Abraham Castle, 
Amasa Castle, 
Samuel Fenn, 
Jesse Fenn, 
Isaac Fenn, 
Zaccheus Howe, 
Zebulon Mosher, 
, Chauncey Moss. 
Jacob Potter, 
Sam'l Potter 
Ezekiel Sanford, Jr., 
Jesse Turner, 
Eli Welton, 
Thos. Williams, Jr. 



and for the next few years the parish had such services as they 
could secure temporarily. The Rev. Richard Mansfield, the Rev. 
James Scovil, the Rev. Asahel Baldwin, the Rev. Philo Shelton, 
the Rev. Tillotson Bronson and the Rev. Edward Blakeslee appear 
on the record as having officiated. In 1788 the Rev. Chauncey 
Prindle became rector, serving both Northbury and Westbury, 
and so remained until 1806. In 1795 Plymouth was incorporated 
as a separate town. 



141 



iAn") 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

It was during Mr. Prindle's rectorship that after much dis- 
cussion, the Church followed the footsteps of their predecessors 
and went, with their organization, onto the Hill. The first ser- 
vice held here was November 24, 1796, and November 2, 1797, the 
church was consecrated by Bishop Jar vis, as St. Peter's, it being 
among the first of his official acts. In 1806 Mr. Prindle resigned 
the rectorship, the reason given being, "so that Plymouth and 
East Plymouth might be united under one rectorship." This 
arrangement appears not to have been carried into effect until 
1810, although Rev. N. B. Burgess appears to have been here in 
1807 and 1808 with Rev. J. Davis Welton, then acting as lay 
reader. In 1810 Rev. Roger Searle was instituted rector, and St. 
Peter's had two-thirds of his services and St. Andrew's, East 
Plymouth, one third. He remained until 1817 when he removed 
to Ohio and founded the parish of St. Peter's, Ashtabula. From 
1819 to 1829, the Rev. Rodney Rossiter was rector and during 
this time a rectory was built. The Rev. Daniel Burhans was here 
from 1831 to 1836, and the Rev. William Watson came in 1837 and 
remained until 1851. The Rev. S. D. Denison was here from 1851 
to 1854, Rev. A. B. Goodrich to 1856, Rev. S. K. Miller 1855 to 
1858, Rev. Dr. Berry to 1862, Rev. Mr. Lumsden to 1863, Rev. 
B. Eastwood to 1869, Rev. Porter Thomas 1869 to 1872, Rev. 
Emerson Jessup 1872 to 1873, Rev. L. de Dorman to 1874, Rev. 
S. B. Duffield to 1875, Rev. John M. Bates to 1877, Rev. Henry T. 
Scudder to 1878, Rev. John D. Gilliland to 1888, Rev. W. E. 
Hooker to 1892, Rev. Dr. James Gammack to 1895, Rev. Henry 
G. Smith, January, 1896, to Easter, 1900, Rev. John D. Gilliland, 
June, 1900. In 1892-3 the church was greatly improved by a 
new floor and pews and by a new heating apparatus, costing $1000, 
which last was paid for by Mrs. John M. Toncey of New York, 
a former member of the parish. In November, 1897, a centennial 
celebration was held, and an historical sermon preached by Rev. Dr 
Samuel Hart. 

Thomaston, formerly known as Plymouth Hollow, was made 
a separate town in 1875. This is where the first churches, both 
Congregational and Episcopal, had their origin and wore both 

142 



ST. PETER'S PARISH, NORTHBURY (PLYMOUTH). 

subsequently removed to the "Hill." Thomaston now has a 
flourishing church of its own. 

OFFICERS OF ST. PETER'S PARISH. 

Wardens. 
WiiiBBRT N. Austin, Henry A. Smith. 

Vestry, 
Edward H. Gates, E. V. La Rue, 

BuRDETTB Morse, Herbert W. Cleveland, 

WiLLLAJM L. Lumpkin, C. Hobart Smith, 

Ard Welton, C. Arad Welton. 

Parish Treasurer. 
Edwin M. Talmadqb. 
Treasurer of Permanent Fund. 
Henry A. Smith. 

Clerk. 
Wallace E. Dayton. 



143 



CHAPTER XIII. 

Christ's church, watertown. 

IN 1764 twenty persons entered into an agreement "to hold 
public worship in Westbury on those Sundays when there was 
no preaching in Waterbury," and to make arrangements to 
build an Episcopal Church, 

To wit: — Asahel Beach, Seth Blake, Samuel Brown, Joseph Brown, 
Daniel Brown, Thomas Doolittle, James Doolittle, Jonathan Fulford, Jonathan 
Garnsey, John Judd, Noah Judd, Asa Judd, John Hickox, Joseph Hickox, 
Joseph Pritchard, Eleazar Prindle, Gershom Scott, Edward Scovil, Samuel 
Scovil, William Scovil. 

They met at the house of James Doolittle in the winter and at 
Ensign David Scott's in the summer. The next year (1765) 
Captain George Nichols of Waterbury gave them a lot, and by 
October, through the efficient management of Captain Edward 
Scovil, they had a building fit to occupy, although not completed. 

The Rev. Samuel Andrews delivered the dedicatory sermon. 
An arrangement was made by which Rev. James Scovil of Water- 
bury was to preach every sixth Sunday. This continued till 1771, 
when the Society had so much increased that Mr. Scovil agreed 
to give them one-third of his time. In 1773 they finished the lower 
part of the house, with pulpit, chancel and canopy, but never 
entirely completed it. During the Revolution the Society suffered 
with the others of this denomination. 

In 1779 Captain Edward Scovil gave them by will seventeen 
acres of land near the church. This was afterwards sold and a 
fund established which still exists. 

(The parish also owns three acres of land in the center of the 
village on which are the present church, rectory and parish house.) 

The first church is described as 45 feet by 36 feet with a steeple, 
the first in the town. It was named Christ Church. It stood, as 
nearly as can be ascertained, on the east side of the road leading 
to Waterbury, about a quarter of a mile southward from the green 

144 



CHRIST'S CHURCH, WATERTOWN. 

and a little southwest from the Congregational Church, whic 
stood within the old cemetery enclosure, or nearly so, at the 
southwest corner. The Episcopal Church is supposed to have 
been on the south side of the road leading east. 

Mr. Scovil continued as rector until he left Waterbury. This 
was nominally until 1786, although during the last two years he 
was absent much of the time in New Brunswick. In 1788 the 
Rev. Chauncey Prindle, a native of Westbury, a nephew of Mr. 
Scovil and a Yale graduate of 1776, then in deacon's orders and 
previously a lay-reader, took charge of the parish, having also the 
church at Northbury under his care. His stipend was thirty 
pounds, to be paid in beef, pork, butter, tallow, wool, flax or any 
sort of grain. In 1793 a new church was built, and consecrated 
by Bishop Seabury as Christ's Church on November 18, 1794. 
This church stood on a piece of ground purchased of Samuel 
Southmayd, at the intersection of the streets a few rods west from 
the site of the present church.* 

Rev. Mr. Prindle remained in charge until 1805 when the Rev 
Russell Wheeler took the parish, remaining until 1814. He was 
succeeded by Rev. Frederick Holcomb who spent the remainder 
of his life in Watertown, dying in 1872, and holding the rectorship 
till 1850 with the exception of a temporary withdrawal from 
1838 to 1845, and thoroughly identifying himself with the town 
and its people in all their joys and sorrows. A man of great sim- 
plicity of character and broad sympathies; of sound practical 
sense and universally beloved and respected. 

From 1838 to 1845 the Rev. Dr. Nathaniel Richardson was 
rector and on his resigning, Dr. Holcomb was prevailed upon to 
accept the charge for five years more. 

This was a period of quiessance for Watertown. Agriculture 
and stock raising, in both of which Watertown was pre-eminent, 
began soon after 1830 to decline and it was a number of years 
before any considerable manufacturing was undertaken in the 
town. 



'''A part of the open ground about the church has since been inclosed in the f^rounds 
now occupied by Mrs. J. A. Buckingham. The house itself fronted the east, the west line 
being nearly in a line with Mrs. Buckingham's east fence. In 1780 Watertown became a 
separate town. 

145 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

In 1850 the Rev. Horace Hall Reid became rector and re- 
mained until 1857. Manufacturing had now been established 
and under this influence the town began to grow. It was under 
Mr. Reid's ministry that the present church was built. Since 
then the old school house on the church ground has been converted 
into a parish house and the church, rectory and parish house are 
all on the same property. A spire, which was at first on the 
church was blown down a few years after it was built, and was 
never replaced, but a finial to the tower was substituted. Large 
interior repairs and decorations, and a new organ have been added 
within a few years, also some memorials of the families of Scovill, 
Heminway, Curtis, Buckingham and Warren. 

Mr. Reid's successor in the rectorship was Rev. Dr. Benjamin 
W. Stone from 1857 to 1860. The Rev. Dr. Willaim H. Lewis 
succeeded Dr. Stone and remained for fourteen years, until his 
death. Dr. Lewis had been rector of a large church in Brooklyn 
and looked upon the Watertown rectorate as a retirement from 
active duty. But he found plenty here to occupy his time in 
a way which was pleasant to himself and profitable for his people. 
In 1874 Dr. Lewis was succeeded by Rev. S. D. McConnell, and 
he in 1876 by Rev. James Stoddard, who was succeeded by Rev. 
Herbert N. Cunningham, who remained until 1891, when Rev. 
John F. Nichols became rector and occupied the position until 
1894, when Rev. Mr. Cunningham again became rector and still 
remains. 

The mission of All Saints, at Oakville, has been established by 
the rector of Christ Church and is reckoned as part of that parish. 
At present it is under the immediate care of Rev. J. A. Stanfield 
of St. Paul's, Waterville, who acts in this capacity as assistant of 
the rector of Christ's Church. The two together have a communi- 
cant roll of about 400; a showing which is probably not surpassed 
in any village in the United States having a total population of 
only 3500. 

The following sketch is taken from a sermon of the Rev. Wm. 
H. Lewis, D.D., preached June 2, 1872: 

Rev. Frederick Holcomb, D. D., was the third aon of Jesse and Louisa 
Holcomb. He was born in Granby, Conn., Oct. 13, 1786. His parents by 

146 



CHRIST'S CHURCH, WATERTOWN. 

religious profession, belonged to the Episcopal Church, and had their children 
baptized in infancy. At the early age of thirteen, himself, with two brothers 
and a sister, received the apostoUc rite of confirmation by the lit. Rev. Bishop 
Jarvis. At about the age of sixteen his parents, albeit in moderate circum- 
stances, made him the offer of a collegiate education, though there was no 
decided inchnation on his part at that time of a desire to enter the ministry. 
He eagerly accepted the offer. His preparatory studies began under the Rev. 
David Waldo, of West Suffield, and were completed under the Rev. Mr. Clin- 
ton, of Southwick, Mass. In 1805 he entered WiUiams College, Massachusetts, 
graduating in 1809. Soon after that he was led, under the providence of God, 
to realize the necessity of due preparation for the life to come, and he resolved 
on a course of theological reading, and entered upon it at once. His first 
examination was passed under the Rev. Dr. Tillotson Bronson, of Cheshire, 
and his second under the Rev. Dr. Kewley, of Middletown. He was ordained 
as deacon, with license to preach and baptize, in Trinity Church, New Haven, 
June 23, 1811, by the Rt. Rev. Abraham Jarvis, D. D. A call was soon 
received from St. Mark's Church, Harwinton, and Trinity Church, Northfield 
society, to take charge of them both, and to divide the time equally between 
them. He removed to Harwinton, with his wife and one child, on the 17th of 
December, 1811. At his ordination to the priesthood, it being necessary to 
have three presbyters to lay on hands, with tlie bishop, the Venerable Dr. 
Mansfield, of Derby, then about ninety years of age, was brought to act, with 
the Rev. Dr. Bronson, and the Rev. Mr. Whitlock, of Trinity Church, New 
Haven, and the ordination was in that church, by Bishop Jarvis, Sunday, 
Dec. 20, 1812. 

It was the last ordination performed by that prelate, and for some years 
Dr. Holcomb was not only the last presbyter ordained by him, but the only 
survivor of those admitted by him to holy orders. He soon after received a 
call to Christ Church, Watertown, and removed his family there Dec. 14, 
1814. He remained as rector of that parish until 1838, when he resigned its 
care, but was recalled in 1845, and continued as rector until 1850, when the 
infirmities of old age prompted him to surrender the cares of a parish forever. 
Nevertheless, he preached for feeble and destitute parishes, whenever his 
health would allow it, during the remainder of hfe. He died May 26, 1872. 

His first wife, Mary Pinney, died Nov. 15, 1825, leaving two daughters, 
Mary E., wife of Leman W. Cutler, and Martha M., wife of Orrin Starr. These 
last both died before his demise. His secopd wife, Nancy Merriman, widow 
of Ed. E. Porter, survives him. 

Dr. Holcomb was a man of fine personal appearance, of great physical 
strength, and until the decay of nature, in old age, always favored with robust 
health. He was a man of great prudence, never stirring up strife by word 
or deed of his own, truly a peacemaker. He was firm in his churchmansliip, 
and yet courteous and kind to those of other rehgious names, so as always 
to have been on terms of kindly Christian intercourse with them. 

147 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



OFFICERS OF CHRIST CHURCH PARISH. 
Watertown, Conn. 
Rev. Herbert N. Cunningham, . . Rector. 
Rev. John A. Crockett, . . . Asst. Rector. 

Alfred H. Scovill, .... Senior Warden. 
George F. Pritchard, .... Junior Warden. 



Vestrymen 
A. H. Scovill, 
H. H. Heminway, 
Wallace Atwood, 
S. McL, Buckingham 
Merritt Heminway 
Paul Klimpke, 

Charles Smith. 
Harry H. Heminway, Clerk. 



G. F. Pritchard, 
F. B. Noble, 
H. H. Bartlett, 
B. H. Heminway, 
B. S. Johnson, 
w. j. munson, 

Frank B. Noble, Treaa. 



148 



CHAPTER XIV. 

ST. Michael's, naugatuck. 

IN 1784, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Beers and Mr. and Mrs. David 
Booth conveyed to the church, land valued at £100, the same 
having been given by verbal will of Abel Gunn toward the 
building of a church, it being a condition that the poor people of 
the parish should be relieved of their rates by thii gift. 

The parish was formally organized February 16, 1786, at the 
house of Jobamah Gunn and fourteen persons enrolled themselves 
as members. They mostly resided in the western part of Salem 
society, which was then known as Gunntown, the Gunns being 
the prominent family there. Services were conducted at some 
private house, usually by the minister officiating in Waterbury, 
one Sunday in a month, sometimes every third Sunday; the ser- 
vices of the intervening Sunday being conducted by a lay-reader. 

After the removal of Rev. Mr. Scovil in 178G, preaching was 
intermittent, until, in 1792, Rev. Seth Hart was settled in Water- 
bury, officiating half the time in Salem and Woodbury. 

In 1795 the society committee had discretionary orders to 
hire such Episcopal clergymen as they can obtain to do divine 
service during the year. 

Soon after, they entered into negotiation with Rev. Alexander 
Viets Griswold. but did not succeed in obtaining his services, and 
then Mr. Joseph B. Candee was appointed to assist in reading 
the sermons, and Mr. Thomas Osborn to read prayers. But before 
long, in this same year, the Rev. Tillottson J3ronson became 
rector of St. John's, Waterbury, and gave one-quarter of his time 
to Salem, and this continued until 1805. 

In 1806, Rev. Chauncey Prindle became rector, dividing his 
time between Salem and Oxford, and so remained until 1814. 



♦This sketch, prepared for the History of the Town and City of Waterbury, was 
mostly taken from a manuscript history of the parish, by the Rev. E. C. Gardner, and 
loaned me by the Rev. J. W. Ellsworth; since Mr. Ellsworth's death this sketch has disap- 
peared. It is hoped that it may be found and preserved. 

149 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

In 1801, December 21, a vote was passed to build a church on 
Sawmill hill, but February 16, 1803, this vote was rescinded. 

In 1803, after several unsuccessful efforts, a small church 
building (the vote says 44 by 34 feet) was sufficiently finished for 
use. This stood according to the record, "on the hill, about fifty 
rods west of Jobamah Gunn's dwelling house," which still retains 
the local name. Church hill. 

May 17, 1809, a vote was passed "to make the Episcopal 
Church in Salem a society house for the public worship of Almighty 
God according to the rites and ceremonies of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in the United States of America, and that the 
committee see that the church be painted, glass windows put in 
and gallery floors laid. 

It was in this gallery that the chorister, zealous and engrossed 
with his duties, hearing the wrong note taken from the pitch pipe, 
brought down his fist like a sledge on the breastwork and shouted, 
"Stop! you haven't got the pitch into forty rods." All who be- 
lieved in a prescribed form were much startled by this statement 
which was not to be found in the rubrics. In 1812 a bell was 
placed in the belfry. 

In 1830 it was decided to remove the Church to the "Bridge." 
$1000 was raised by subscription, and the Church was taken 
down, removed and fitted up in good condition and ready for use 
in 1832, in which year it was consecrated by Bishop Brownell 
under the name of St. Michael. It appears to have had no name 
prior to the removal. 

Meantime Mr. William C. DeForest, who was mainly instru- 
mental in effecting the removal, prepared a hall in his satinet 
factory in which services were held while the removal, recon- 
struction and repairs were in progress. 

The lot on which the Church stands and the "Church Green" 
were deeded by Daniel Beecher for ecclesiastical purposes in March, 
1832. 

During these years Rev. William A. Curtis and Rev. T. J. 
Davis successively ministered here, dividing their time between 
this parish and Bethany. 

150 



ST. MICHAEL'S, NAUGATUCK. 

On July 21, 1833, the Rev. Oliver Hopson began his ministry. 
He was the first resident rector, as Mr. Prindle's house was in the 
edge of Oxford, and after the first year gave his whole time to the 
parish. His connection with it lasted nearly fourteen years and 
until after Naugatuck became a separate town. 

The following are Mr. Hopson' s successors: 

Rev. James Mackay, 1847-1849. 
Rev. Joseph Scott, 1849-1856. 
Rev. Thomas G. Carver, 1857-1859. 
Rev. C. T. Woodruff, 1860-1861. 
Rev. E. E. Johnson, 1861-1865. 
Rev. William L. Fitch. 1865-1867. 
Rev. James S. Scott, 1867-1878. 
Rev. Edward R. Brown, 1878-1880. 
Rev. Charles R. Talbot, 1880-1881. 
Rev. E. C. Gardner, 1881-1888. 
Rev. J. W. Ellsworth, 1888-1901. 
Rev. William H. Garth, 1902. 

Since Mr. Hopson left, Naugatuck has grown from a village of 
1500 to a town of 15,000. 

During this time the parish has made steady progress and was 
not without two or three special features to make its history. 

First came the building of the present brick church and chapel 
during the pastorate of the Rev. James S. Scott. The corner 
stone was laid on St. Michael's Day, 1875, and the first service in 
the completed church was held a year later. 

On February 16, 1886, the Centenary of the parish was cele- 
brated. While the Rev. Mr. Ellsworth was in charge, the rectory, 
so attractively situated on the Green, and now in use, was built — 
the old rectory being moved from Church Street to Meadow Street 
in order to make room for the block which was erected by the 
parish as an investment. This block is known as the Hopson 
Block and is called after the former rector of that name. 

The present rector, the Rev. William Henry Garth, formerly 
assistant minister of St. George's Church, New York, began his 
ministry in St. Michael's on March 1, 1902. 

151 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

The parish has just succeeded (April, 1906) in raising the neces- 
sary fund for a parish house, which will be built during the coming 
season. 

OFFICERS OF ST. MICHAEL'S PARISH, 



Naugatuck, Conn. 
Rbv. William Henry Garth, . 



John M. Page, 

John Wood, 1880, 
G. W. Andrew, 1885, 
H. E. Baldwin, 1888, 
A. H. Datton, 1893, 
J. W. Rogers, 1902, 
H. H. Schofield, 1904, 



Wardens. 
Vestrymen. 



Rector. 



F. F. SCHAFFER. 



A. C. TuTTLE, 1882, 
G. D. Buck, 1888, 
Jacob Keeling, 1891, 
C. E. Pearson, 1899, 
Leon M. Woodford, 1904, 
Frank H. Judd, 190.5. 



Clerk of the Parish. 
Edward E. Hotchkiss. 

Treasurer. 
George D. Buck. 

Parish Agent. 
Horace E. Baldwin. 



152 



CHAPTER XV. 

THE CHURCH IN MIDDLEBURY, 

IN 1804 a vote was passed by the Salem Society that the Middle- 
bury Society have the liberty of the Church for the purpose 
of hiring a clergyman to officiate therein, on Rev. Tillotson 
Bronson's absence, with his permission. This is supposed to have 
been done for the purpose of allowing the Middlebury people to 
hear a candidate, but it shows that they apparently had an 
organized society there as early as 1804. 

A considerable number of the members of the Gunntown 
parish were apparently residents of Middlebury. At the time of 
the removal of the building to Naugatuck Center, one of the 
reasons given in favor of it, was that a new parish had been 
formed in Middlebury. We learn from the journals of the annual 
Protestant Episcopal Convention, that a parish at Middlebury, 
without name, was admitted in 1830. It appeared to have been 
mostly under the care of the Rev. Oliver Hopson, then rector at 
Naugatuck. In 1835 the Bishop reports twelve persons confirmed 
there. In 1841 Mr. Hopson reports that "his engagement termi- 
nated at Easter, since which no stated services are held there." 
In 1843 he reports at Naugatuck "nine communicants formerly 
numbered in the Middlebury parish." No further reports appear, 
and in 1851 the parish was dropped from the list. It is supposed 
to have owed its existence mainly to the efforts of Larmon Town- 
send, a merchant at Gunntown, near the church, who afterward 
removed his business and residence to Middlebury. He was an 
ardent churchman and frequently officiated as a lay-reader. 
He died May 11, 1858, aged eighty-one years. 



153 



CHAPTER XVI. 

ALL SAINTS PARISH, WOLCOTT.* 
Taken mainly from Rev, Samuel Orcutt's History of Wolcott. 

IN 1779 an application was made to the Legislature by persons 
living in Farmingbury, an Ecclesiastical Society formed from 
portions of Farmington and Waterbury, for permission to 
form an (Episcopal) Ecclesiastical Society. This was opposed by 
the Congregational Society and was not granted. 

About 1805 services were held at the house of Daniel Byington 
and continued to be held there for several years. 

The Episcopal Society was organized January 26, 1811, under 
the following call: 

CALL FOR THE FIRST SOCIETY MEETING. 

We, the subscribers, inhabitants of the town of Wolcott, being of the order 
of Christians denominated EpiscopaUans, and being desirous to form ourselves 
into a society for the purpose of exercising all the privileges which by law are 
granted to the several Societies, being of the aforesaid order of Christians, do 
hereby agree to meet on the 26th day of instant November, at the dwelhng 
house of Mr. Titus Hotchkiss, in said Wolcott, at one o'clock in the afternoon 
of said day, for the purpose of choosing a moderator and clerk of said meeting, 
which clerk, when chosen, shall be sworn as the law directs; and also to choose 
all other officers which shall then be thought necessary and proper for the 
good of said Society, and also to tax ourselves for the purpose of procuring 
such proportion of preaching aa shall by the Society be thought best, being at 
all times governed and directed by a majority of said meeting, in the doing and 
performing of all which, as above written, will ever hereafter consider ourselves 
a Society; and to be guided by the same laws and in the same manner as other 
Societies of the same denomination, belonging to this State, are. 

WoLcorr, November 31, 1811. 

John Welton, Moses Welton, Levi Hall, William Parker, William Hotch- 
kiss, Ambrose Ives, EHakim Welton, Timothy Hotchkiss, Streat Todd, Phineas 
Deming, Joseph Minor, John Norton, Zephana Parker, Bildad Hotchkiss, 
John J. Kenea, Asaph Finch, Levi Brown, Erastus Welton, Josepli Welton, 
Ehakim Welton, 2d, Titus Hotchkiss, Thomas Welton, Daniel Langdon, Heze- 
kiah Bradley, Daniel Byington, David Wakelee, Joseph C. Alcox, Eleazer 
Finch. 



♦Farmingbury was incorporated a town by the name of Wolcott in 1796 

154 



ALL SAINTS PARISH, WOLCOTT. 

MINUTES OF THE FIRST SOCIETY MEETING. 

WoLCOTT, November 26, 1811. 

At a legal meeting this day holden at the dwelling house of 
Mr. Titus Hotchkiss, by the members of the Episcopal Society, 
the following votes were passed by the members of said meeting: 
" That Daniel Langdon be moderator of said meeting, and that 
Erastus Welton be clerk for the year ensuing; that Moses Welton 
be treasurer; that Moses Welton, Bildad Hotchkiss and Irad 
Wakelee be Society's Committee for the year; Daniel Langdon 
and Thomas Welton, Wardens. Voted that a tax of one cent on 
a dollar be laid on the list 1811, and made payable to the Treasurer 
the first day of March, 1812, and that Irad Wakelee be Collector 
of said Tax. Voted that the annual society meeting be hereafter 
holden the last Monday in November, annually. That the society 
committee receive the money at the hands of the Treasurer, and 
at their discretion apply it for preaching the ensuing year." 

For two years after the formation of the Society, the Rev. Mr. 
Prindle, then of Naugatuck, supplied the Society with preaching 
once a month during the summer season, six or seven months, at 
$6. per Sabbath, as the Treasurer's book shows. In 1815 Rev. 
Tillotson Bronson preached for them. After this, names of 
ministers are not mentioned for some years, yet the amount spent 
for preaching seems to have been most of the time nearly fifty 
dollars a year. 

Services were conducted by laymen regularly in the absence 
of a minister, and committees were appointed from year to year 
to "read the prayers of the church," and also to read sermons. 
Three or four persons were named for each purpose. These 
appointments are continued yearly for eleven years. Clergymen 
of the adjoining parishes officiated occasionally as will be seen by 
votes of St. John's, Waterbury, giving permission for the rector to 
officiate in Wolcott for a Sunday occasionally. The services were 
held in a private house, usually tliat of Daniel Byington. 

An April 10, 1820, the Society, at an adjourned meeting, took 
into consideration the subject of building a house of worship, and 
" voted that we appoint an agent to consult the minds of gentle- 

155 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

men on the expediency of petitioning the Legislature for a grant 
of a lottery for the purpose of building a house of worship."* 
At an adjourned meeting held in the same month, April 24th, 
they " voted that we will build a house of public worship, provided 
we can agree upon a spot for that purpose." Also " voted that we 
will build a house in the Centre, provided we can be accommodated 
with a place to set it, and that Levi Hall, Ambrose Ives, and 
Erastus Welton, be a committee to look out a spot to build a 
house." 

At an adjourned meeting, held December 31st, 1821, they 
"voted that we will build a church in case we can get money 
enough subscribed, and that we will build it in the centre of the 
town, near the Meeting house, and that Archibald Minor, Levi 
Hall, Moses Welton, Eben Welton, Willard Plumb, and Ambrose 
Ives, be a committee to circulate subscription papers for the 
purpose of building a house." 

On January 21st, three weeks later, they "voted to ascertain 
the probable expense of a house from 40 b> 30 to 46 by 36 feet, 
and also to get a plan of the frame." One week later they " voted 
to build a church 30 by 40 feet, that it be two stories high, with 20 
feet posts and a cupola suitable for hanging a bell." At the 
same meeting they directed the Society Committee to " agree with 
Moses Pond for a room in his chamber to meet in for one year, 
if in their opinion they can get it reasonable." Moses Pond's 
house at this time was the public house at the Centre. In the 
autumn of the same year they circulated subscriptions to raise 
money to defray expenses for hiring a house in which to hold 
public worship the year ensuing and it is probable it was this 
chamber in Mr. Pond's hotel. 

In December, 1823, they accepted the report of their commit- 
tee on a place to build a house, and fixed a site and appointed a 
committee to forward the enterprise. Between the years 1822 
and 1830, the Society met frequently, discussed the whole subject 



*Thi8, although perhaps not the last, was among the last of the requests for the estab* 
lishment of a lottery for religious or charitable purposes At an early date it had boen 
considered a perfectly legitimate method of raising money, and the Bishop's Fund, Cheshira 
Academy and various other similar institutions were assisted by lotteries, 

156 



ALL SAINTS PARISH, WOLCOTT. 

of building and appointed committees to forward the same, but 
the house did not appear in its place as desired. The society was 
not able to build a church that would accommodate even its small 
congregation, and during the same time the Congregational 
Society was unable to ''hire preaching." The "revival" in the 
Spring of 1828 in the Congregational Society under the Rev. Mr. 
Scranton had revived the religious energies of the whole commu- 
nity, and the Episocpal Society shared in its benefits. In February 
of 1830, they changed the size of the house to 24 by 36 feet, and 
proceeded to gather materials for the building. 

A SITE GIVEN BY THE TOWN. 

WoLCOTT, April 5, 1830. 

Then met according to adjournment, and at said meeting, 
upon the petition of a number of the members of the Episcopal 
Society in said town in the form following: 

Whereas, the Episcopal Society in the town of Wolcott are 
about to erect a house of public worship in said Wolcott, and being 
desirous to set the same somewhere near the Congregational 
Meeting house in said Wolcott, or as near as a suitable spot of 
ground can be obtained for that purpose, we, therefore, whose 
names are underwritten, petition the inhabitants of said Wolcott, 
in legal town meeting this day assembled, for leave to erect said 
house on the most eligible spot of ground belonging to said town 
of Wolcott on the south part of the public green. 

Signed by John J. Kenea and others, 

Wolcott, April 5, 1830. 
Voted to grant the prayer of the petition. 

During the summer of 1830 the frame was raised, and in 
December the outside of the church was covered. The only 
record of expense of the Society is a paper covered book, found in 
possession of Mr. Orrin Hall, having been left by Mr. Levi Hall 
at his death, containing Mr. Erastus Welton's account with the 
Society as treasurer from 1811 to 1823, and containing Mr. Levi 
Hall's account with the same from 1835 to 1839. These items 
give us no account of the cost of the church, nor when it was com- 
pleted. It is probable that the church was not finished till some 

157 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

time during the year 1832, from the fact that a meeting of the 
Society was held on the first Monday of April, 1833, and they 
"voted to discharge Levi Hall, Archibald Minor, Thomas H. 
Welton, and Orrin Plumb, building committee for the church, from 
any further services as committee aforesaid, and from all liabili- 
ties in said capacity," which indicates the work of building com- 
pleted at that time. The Church was consecrated by Bishop 
Brownell, October 2, 1833, and the parish was probably admitted 
to the Convention in 1834. Although the admission does not appear 
on the journal, the parish is recorded in the list. 

In 1836 a stove was put into the church, as appears from a 
subscription paper for that purpose, still preserved. 

The parish records are imperfect, portions of them having 
been destroyed, according to a minute made therein by Rev. 
CoUis I. Potter, because "they contained matter inappropriate 
for a register of the church." This was done previous to Mr. 
Potter's rectorship and he probably got his information from 
members of the parish. The character of the inappropriate 
matter does not appear. 

Mr. Orcutt gives the following list of clergymen who officiated 
there. 

Rev. Mr. Prindle, of Naugatuck, two years once in six weeks, 
from 1811 to 1813. 

Rev, Tillotson Bronson, of Cheshire, preached a short time. 

From 1817 money was raised nearly or quite every year till 
1835, to procure preaching, but the ministers' names are not 
mentioned in the records. 

1836 and 1837, Rev. Peter G. Clark, of Cheshire. 

1838 and 1839, Rev. Mr. Covell, of Bristol. 

1840 and 1841, and perhaps longer, Rev. Servilius Stocking, 
resident minister. 

1843, Rev. Mr. Gregor. 

1844, Rev. William G. French. 

1845 and 1846, Rev. David Sandford. 
1847, Rev. John D. Smith, of Seymour, three years. 
1850 to 1855, Rev. CoUis Ira Potter, four years. 
1855 and 1856, Rev. Ximenes Alanson Welton. 

158 



ALL SAINTS PARISH, WOLCOTT. 

1858, Rev. Samuel G. Appleton, assistant to Rev. Dr. Clark, 
of Waterbury. 

1859, Rev. James Morton, of Harwinton, preached most of a 
year as supply on Sabbath. 

1860, Rev. J. M. Willey, assistant of Rev. Dr. Clark, of Water- 
bury. He is said to have been a "smart man," and enjoyed 
preaching at Wolcott very much. 

Since Mr. Willey, Rev. Prof. Russell, of Waterbury, and others, 
had preached a few times. 

From this time on by deaths and removals the Society gradu- 
ally diminished until at length, about 1865, they ceased to hold 
even occasional services. In 1882 the parish was stricken from 
the roll of the Convention. A few years later the Church was 
taken down and now nothing remains to mark its site, except a 
stone in the shape of a cross. The greater part of the pewter 
communion service of the church is in possession of the registrar 
of the Diocese. 



159 



CHAPTER XVII. 

ST. Paul's, waterville. 

AS has been already stated this parish was established as a 
mission of St. John's, and a chapel was built in 1851. The 
chapel was consecrated June, 1851, by Bishop Brownell, 
the sermon on that occasion being preached by the Rev. Thomas 
M. Clark, late Presiding Bishop, at that time rector of Christ's 
Church, Hartford. In 1852 the Rev. C. G. Acly, assistant at St. 
John's, took residence in Waterville and gave almost all his time 
to its interests. He was the first clergyman to reside in Water- 
ville. 

A few years after the establishment of the mission, business at 
Waterville declined and the mission languished, although Dr. 
Clark always took great interest in it and weekly services and a 
Sunday School were always sustained. 

When Rev. Dr. Russell took charge of St. Margaret's School, 
he offered, November 7th, 1875, that if St. John's would furnish 
him a horse and carriage he would take charge of St. Paul's, 
which he did efficiently for two years or more, the funds for the 
horse and carriage having been raised by subscription. 

Again, in 1889, Dr. Russell took charge of St. Paul's for a year 
or more. 

About the time that the Rev. John H. McCrackan became 
assistant at St. John's, there was a revival of business in the village 
and Mr. McCracken took great interest in the mission. It nour- 
ished under his care and a parish hall was built and opened Sep- 
tember 17th, 1903. Mr. McCracken started a movement to have 
the mission organized into a parish, but resigned before this was 
accomplished. His successor at St. John's, the Rev. H. N. Tragitt 
became the first rector of St. Paul's and the parish was organized 
and received into union with the Diocesan Convention, June, 
1895. The first wardens were Louis Gates and E. E. Bacon, 
Harry 0. Miller being the first elected delegate to Convention. 
During Mr, Tragitt' s rectorate the Parish Society and Young 
People's Association were organized, both of which societies have 

IGO 




Sr. Paul's Ciiaim;i-, Wati:kvu.lk 



ST. PAUL'S, WATERVILLE. 

contributed in great measure to the development of the parish 
and are active in good works at the present time. 

In 1898 Mr. Tragitt resigned and was succeeded by the Rev. 
W. A. Rafter. Mr. Rafter stayed only two years. His successor 
was the Rev. C. W. Bentham. For a few years the parish lan- 
guished, and in January, 1902, the Bishop sent Mr. J. Attwood 
Stansfield, a student from the General Theological Seminary, to 
assume direction of its affairs. The following Easter, the parish 
requested Mr. Stansfield to take charge and when he was ordained 
he was elected Minister-in-charge. In April, 1903, the mother 
parish, St. John's, gave a deed of the Church and lot to St. Paul's. 
The manufacturing interests of the village have prospered and 
the parish has kept pace with the growth of the village. A lot 
has been purchased, large enough for church, parish house and 
rectory. A rectory is assured. A building fund has been started 
for a new stone church. Three rooms have been added to the 
Parish House, the interiors of both church and parish house have 
been remodelled and renovated; a cellar has been made and fur- 
nace installed besides other improvements. The parish reports 
100 families, 162 communicants, and 150 scholars in the Sunday 
School. 

The prospects for growth are good. Two more large factories 
are to be built in the village and a large and immediate increase 
in population may be expected. To meet the needs of the future 
a larger church is necessary and efforts are being made to raise 
funds to build one. 

ST. PAUL'S, WATERVILLE. 
Rev. J. A. Stansfield, . Rector. 

Wardens. 
William A. Faber, Homer C. Senior. 

Treasurer. 

Harry O. Miller. 

Clerk. 
Randall C. Frink. 
Vestry. 
Albert Pott, John T. Cookson, 

F. E. Starr, Albert H. Post, 

H. M. Grilley, a. H. Lane, 

George H. Stevens, William H. Davieb, 

Walter T. Abel. 

161 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

TRINITY PARISH. 

DURING the ministry of the Rev. Dr. J. L. Clark in St. 
John's parish, the population of the town increased from 
about 2500 to over 20,000, and the number of families in 
the parish from 130 to 480. For some time previous to the burn- 
ing of the church, in 1868, it was felt that there was no room for 
growth, and one of |the first questions in planning a new church 
was, what should be its size. The gallery slips had been sold for 
several years preceding this period. The desirability of a new 
parish had already been discussed, so that the idea was familiar, 
and after due deliberation it was decided that the new church 
should be no larger than the 'old one (in fact it contained fewer 
sittings), and that as soon as possible measures should be taken 
to organize a new parish. On December 15, 1872, a meeting of 
St. John's parish was called to consider the subject. The language 
of this call is so indicative of the spirit in which the subject was 
regarded that it is worth quoting: 

"The members of St. John's parish are requested to hold an informal 
meeting in this chapel on Sunday evening, December 15, 1872, at a quarter 
past eight, for the purpose of consultation in regard to taking the preliminary 
steps for the formation of a new parish, if deemed advisable. All persons not 
members of the parish, who are attendants at the usual services of the church, 
are earnestly invited to be present." 

A committee of six was appointed at this meeting to report 
at an adjourned meeting to be held a week later. This committee 
reported that they were "unanimously of the opinion that a 
necessity exists for such a movement, and the only question 
arising is whether the present is the time, or whether it should 
be delayed until our present church edifice is completed and paid 
for," and in view of all the circumstances the committee recom- 
mended postponement. The report is unanimously concurred 
in, although it is added that "some members of the committee 

162 



TRINITY PARISH. 

have felt called upon to yield their former opinions for the sake 
of the general welfare" (meaning that they preferred immedi- 
ate action). 

The cost of the new church was so heavy that it did not seem 
possible to do anything more at that time. The project was, 
however, by no means abandoned, and it may be said to have 
constituted from this time forward one of the plans of the parish. 

Dr. Clark was in full sympathy with this movement, and did 
not allow it to be lost sight of. A meeting of the parish was 
called for further consideration, February 9, 1874, and the rector 
presented "a paper of great interest in regard to his work during 
the last twenty years." It was a statistical comparison of this 
parish with several of the larger parishes in the state, showing the 
progress that had been made and the propriety of adopting a still 
more aggressive policy. At the annual parish meeting, April 6, 
1874, a proposal was made by the senior warden, S. M. Bucking- 
ham, who had now become the owner of the temporary chapel, 
with reference to the use of that building for a new parish, if one 
could be organized, or as a mission chapel, if it should be thought 
best to begin in that way. But the action was postponed; the 
parish could not yet see the way clear to meet the expense. 

The death of Samuel W. Hall occurred on March 5, 1877. 
He left by his will $15,000, to accumulate for five years and then 
to be used for the building of a church as a memorial to his wife, 
the building to be of stone, and the sittings to be free. This 
bequest seemed to make the way clear for the new movement, 
and at the meeting held on Easter Monday, April 2, 1877, a com- 
mittee reported that $2000 had been pledged for the annual 
expenses of a new parish, and that fifty-two families had consented 
to join the same. 

In this connection the following letter from the Bishop is 
worth preserving: 

To the Rector and Vestrymen of St. Johns' Parish, Waterbury, Conn.: 
My dear Brethren: 

Under provisions of Canon XII. of Connecticut I hereby notify you of the 
appHcation just received by me for the formation of a new parish within the 
Hmits of the existing parish of St. Jolin's, Waterbury. 

163 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

I warmly congratulate all the good people of the parish on the admirable 
way in which the proposed parish has been started. 

And am affectionately yours, 
MiDDLETOWN, April 11, 1877. J. Williams, 

Bishop of Conn. 

On behalf of those interested in the new enterprise a request 
was made that St. John's parish furnish $15,000 towards purclias- 
ing a lot and building a church. A committee was appointed on 
behalf of St. John's to confer with a committee of those who 
desired to form a new parish, in relation thereto. This committee 
reported in favor of giving to the new parish $1500 for the next 
year, and $1000 a year for four years thereafter, or until the new 
parish should have erected a church edifice. At the next parish 
meeting it was reported that this offer had been accepted, and that 
a new parish would be formed as soon as the necessary permission 
could be obtained. The clerk announced the names of the follow- 
ing persons, nineteen in number, as giving notice of their with- 
drawal from St. John's for the purpose of forming the new parish: 

Nathan Dikeman, Rufus E. Hitchcock, Edward L. Frisbie, 
Edward C. Lewis, Aner Bradley, John S. Castle, Charles J. Pier- 
pont, Jr., Herbert P. Camp, James E. Coer, Frank E. Castle, 
Thomas R. Taylor, Samuel P. Williams, Joshua K. Smith, Edward 
D. Steele, Joseph P. Merriman, John W. Smith, Samuel Booth, 
William W. Bonnett, Frederick H. LaForge. 

At a meeting held May 24, 1877, it was voted "that the treas- 
urer be directed to pay the amounts appropriated to Trinity (the 
new) parish." The treasurer and agent were also authorized to 
borrow money for the expenses of the parish. A year afterward, 
at a meeting held May 23, 1878, a communication was received 
from Trinity parish to the effect that their financial condition 
and prospects were such that they would not need to call for the 
payment of the sum pledged to them for the coming year. And 
nothing more under that pledge was paid, a similar notice being 
given in each of the succeeding three years. The new parish 
took from the old many young people active in church work, and 
immediately entered upon a prosperous career. 

While the old parish was of necessity reduced by this "swarui- 

164 




'■byA'iiirt.Lf't'^ 



TRINITY PARISH. 

ing" process, both in numbers and in strength, the separation was 
simply the natural result of the growth of the church and the town. 
It took place with the utmost harmony and good will, and marked 
no line of varying opinion, ecclesiastical or otherwise. 

At a meeting held May 22, 1877, the parish was formally 
organized and the name "Trinity" adopted. The following 
officers were elected: 

Wardens, R. E. Hitchcock, J. W. Smith. 
Clerk, E. T. Root. 

Vestrymen, E. L. Frisbie, J. S. Castle, Nathan Dikeman, A. O. 
Shepardson, E. C. Lewis, S. P. Williams, the Rev. F. T. Russell, 
E. D. Steele, J. C. White, F. E. Castle. 

The Rev. Mr. Russell was requested to take spiritual charge of 
the parish until a rector could be secured. The building on Grand 
Street formerly used as a Universaliat chapel was leased for five 
years, and the opening service, conducted by Mr. Russell, was 
held on Trinity Sunday, 1877. The Rev. Richard W. Micou was 
soon after chosen rector, and held the position for fifteen years. 

Soon after the organization of the parish, steps were taken with 
reference to the building of a church, and subscriptions were 
begun. A list printed about this time, of persons connected with 
the parish, has the names of 131 heads of families, and seventeen 
single persons, not included in any of the families. In selecting 
a site for the new edifice, attention was at first directed to the lot 
on Leavenworth Street owned by St. John's parish, and on 
July 17, 1880, St. John's voted to sell this lot to Trinity parish 
for $7000. But after considerable discussion the lot on Prospect 
Street on which the church stands, was chosen, and was purchased 
in December, 1881, from Charles B. Merriman for $16,000. The 
corner stone was laid by Bishop Williams, May 21, 1883.* The 
first services in the new edifice were held May 18, 1884. 



* In the copper box placed in the corner stone were deposited the names of the officers 
of the parish, of the architect and contractors, a copy of the contract, a Bible, prayer 
book and hymnal, diocesan journal for 1S83, a catalogue of St. Margaret's School, a 
church almanac for 1883, a full set of coins of 1883, parish reports for 1883, a full set of 
the previous reports as given in the parish paper, a photograph of the elevation of the 
building, etc. The responses were sung throughout and the music was heartily rendered 
by the large choir present, accompanied by a large cabinet organ. 

165 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

On Easter Sunday, 1886, the offertory was sufficient to cancel 
tlie remaining debt (about $4000), and the church was conse- 
crated by Bishop Williams, May 27. 

The building is of Plymouth granite, with broken surface, the 
caps, sills and belt being of the same material, with cut surface. 
The outside dimensions, the Sunday School-room being included, 
are about 135 feet by 65; in 1900 a parish house was added, making 
the whole length about 160 feet. The stone spire is eighty-five 
feet high, and the sittings number about 530. It is of Gothic 
architecture; the architect was Henry M. Congdon. The cost of 
the church and lot was somewhat over $70,000, of which Samuel 
W. Hall's gift, with the accumulations, paid $22,500, G. W. Burn- 
ham's gift $10,000, and the parishioners of St. John's about 
$5000, and the remainder was raised by subscriptions in the 
parish. 

Trinity Church is a memorial of Mrs. Samuel W. Hall, antl 
this fact is recorded on a tablet in the chancel: 

In memoriam. Mrs. Nancy Austin Hall, Born April 13, 1815. Died 
February 8, 1868. To perpetuate her memory this tablet is erected by the 
last will and testament of her husband, Samuel W. Hall, to whose generous 
bequest this church owes in large part its erection in this year of grace, 1883. 

Other memorials are: 

Brass Tablet: 
In Memory of 
CHARLES SCOTT, 
♦ 1817-1893. 

A Benefactor of this Parish. 

Remember me, O My God for good. — Nehemiah XIII, 31. 

Brass Tablet: 

In Memory' of 

ARTHUR CASTLE NORTHROP, 

1848-1902. 
Some time Vestryman of this Parish. 
Litany Desk: 

To THE glory of GoD AND IN LOVING MEMORY OF 

GEORGE NORTHROP and LOLA CASTLE his Wife. 

Each aged 7G. 

1818-1894. 

Members of the Parish since its organization. 

Make them to be numbered with thy 

Saints in Glory everlasting, 

166 



TRINITY PARISH. 

Organ Console: 

In Memoriam 
EDITH HALL MICOU. 
Entered into Life Eternal 

June 2, 1881. 
Choir Stall: 

To THE GLORY OF GoD AND THE GRATEFUL MEMORY OF 

MARY A. THOMPSON COER. 

Born March 16, 1825. 

Choir Stall: 

To THE GLORY OF GOD AND THE GRATEFUL MEMORY OF 

MARGARET KIRK CLARK. 

Died June 5, 1895. 

Window: 

In Memoriam 

LUCY SABRINA SHEPARDSON. 

And with the morn those angel faces smile 

Which we have loved lonp; since and lost awhile. 

Window: 

In fraternal Memory of 

NATHAN DIKEMAN. 

Born December 9, 1828; died November 3, 1890. 

Window: 

To the GLORY OF GOD AND IN LOVING MEMORY OF 

EDWARD DANIEL STEELE. 
Born November 20, 1838; died May 24, 1900. 

A chancel window in memory of Samuel W. Hall was con- 
tributed by the ladies of the parish. A window in memory of 
Dr. Clark was contributed by the Sunday schools of St. John's 
church. A window, the gift of Mrs. J. M. L. Scovill, is a memorial 
of her children, Thomas C. Morton, who died February 13, 1876, 
aged 43, J. M. L. Scovill, Jr., who died July 9, 1862, aged 11 
years, and Sarah A. Whittlesey, who died December 15, 1877, 
aged twenty-five years. A rose window commemorates Almon 
Farrel. A part of Mr. Burnham's gift of $10,000 was used in 
purchasing the organ, and in the north transept is placed a 
memorial tablet with the following inscription : 

In memory of Maria Louisa Brownell, wife of Gordon W. Burnham 
and daughter of the Right Reverend Thomas C. Brownell, the third Bishoii 
of Connecticut. Born in New Haven, Conn., June 5, 182-1, died in the city 
of New York, October 5, 1883. 

167 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

In her home, loving and beloved; to those without, quiet and gracious; 
the friend of the sorrowful; the helper of the needy; a steadfast disciple 
of the Lord. She rests from her labors, and her works do follow her. 

The eagle lectern, the gift of the Rev. F. T. Russell, is inscribed: 
"In memoriam Sigourney Russell obit 1880." The altar 
cross was given by Mrs. A. I. Upson, "In memoriam Ambrose 
Ives Upson, died July 7, 1879." The baptismal font, "In loving 
memory of the Rev. Jacob Lyman Clark, D.D.," is from "the 
children of Trinity Church." The altar and reredos were the 
gift of R. E. Hitchcock, who gave also a chancel window, inscribed: 
" In memoriam Agnes Dubois, wife of Rufus E. Hitchcock, born 
September 2, A. D. 1831. Entered into rest January 11, 1886." 
A chancel window, the gift of Mr. Hitchcock's daughter and her 
husband (Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Northrop), reads: "In memoriam 
Rufus Edward Hitchcock, born June 19, 1821. At rest June 18, 
1888. First Senior Warden of this parish." The books, altar 
cloths, clock and chancel furniture are also gifts from various 
friends, mostly ladies connected with the parish. 

The erection of such a church was a great undertaking for a 
new society, largely made up of young men, most of whom were 
dependent on their own exertions for all they had, and it was not 
accomplished without much effort and self-denial. But the rapid 
growth and the financial success of the parish prove that the free 
church system is adapted to a congregation of moderate means 
in a growing manufacturing town. The current expenses were 
met from the start, although the parish was burdened with an 
annual rental of $700 for the church building used for the first 
seven years. The congregation, which now numbers over four 
hundred families, could be but poorly accommodated in the 110 
pews of the church, were they rented, or assigned to definite 
families. 

The parish record for the twenty-eight years to 1905, shows 
1295 persons baptized, 833 confirmed, 622 marriages, and 966 
burials. The Sunday school has 400 scholars, and the number of 
communicants is 843. 

In April, 1893, the parish purchased a rectory on North Willow 
Street, which stands on the ground spoken of in the account of 

168 



TRINITY PARISH. 

St. John's parish, as the probable birthplace of the Rev. James 
Scovil, the first resident rector of the Episcopal church in Water- 
bury. August 25, 1900, they exchanged this for the building next 
north of the church. 

Societies for carrying on the institutional work of the Parish 
are: Altar Guild, Babies' Branch of Junior Auxiliary, Junior 
Auxiliary, Young Women's Guild, Girls' Calisthenic Club, Boys' 
Club, Women's Missionary Society, St. Elizabeth Guild, Parish 
Sewing School, Elocution Class, Sight Singing Class. 

THE REV. R. W. MICOU. 

Richard Wilde Micou, the first rector, the sixth child of Wil- 
liam C. and Anna D. Micou, was born in New Orleans, La., June 
12, 1848. The family is of Huguenot extraction, descended from 
Paul Micou, a lawyer of Nantes, France, who settled in Virginia 
soon after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. 

His college education was much interrupted by the disturbed 
state of the South during the Civil War, but he spent three yeais 
at the State Universities of Georgia and Alabama, and afterwards 
studied at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, where, in 1868, 
he took the highest honors in the classics, under Professor John 
Stuart Blackie. His theological training was carried on at the 
University of Erlangen, Bavaria. He was ordained to the diacon- 
ate of the Protestant Episcopal church at Sewanee, Tenn., June 
12, 1870, by Bishop Green of Alabama, and was advanced to the 
priesthood in his first parish, at Franklin, La., November 15, 1872, 
by Bishop Wilmer. In 1874 he took charge of St. Paul's church 
at Kittanning, Penn., and in July, 1877, accepted a call to the 
rectorship of Trinity church in this city, and took charge of the 
parish seven weeks after its organization. 

Mr. Micou served from 1883 to 1891, with the exception of one 
year, as a member of the City board of education, in which position 
he pursued a course calculated to win the gratitude of all who 
desire thoroughness and consistency in public instruction. He 
was conspicuous for his faithfulness as a school visitor and as a 
member of the committee on text-books and teachers during the 
entire period. 

169 

13 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 

In June, 1892, Mr. Micou accepted a call to the professorship 
of systematic theology and apologetics in the Philadelphia Divinity 
school. The Church Standard spoke of him at that time as follows: 

"He finds himself in so thoroughly sympathetic accord with 
the faculty, and is so fully satisfied of the large usefulness which 
lies before the school, that he has resolved to cast in his lot with 
them. Professor Micou is in the prime of life, and although he 
is a scholar of distinction and a man of mature thought, still re- 
tains all of the vigor of youth, and will enter on his work with 
great enthusiasm. 

In 1898 he accepted the chair of Systematic Divinity and 
apologetics in the Episcopal Seminary at Alexandria, Va, 

In May, 1872, Mr. Micou married Mary Dunnica, of New Or- 
leans. They have had six children, three of whom are living. 

The Rev. Frederick Dashiels Buckley, the present rector, was 
born at Fishkill, N. Y., in 1855. He received his early education 
at the East Greenwich (R. I.) academy, and graduated at Trinity 
college in 1884. He studied theology at the Berkeley Divinity 
school, and was ordained deacon June 1, 1887, and priest March 
23, 1888. 

He was rector of Grace Church, Stafford Springs, from 1887 
to 1889, and of St. Andrew's Church, St. Johnsbury, Vt., from 
1889 to 1892. He officiated for the first time as rector of Trinity 
Church on October 1, 1892. 

On June 16, 1887, he married Nellie A. Partridge of Providence, 
R. I. They have two children. 

A Parish house was built in 1900 and dedicated by the Bishop 
of the Diocese May 24, 1902. The house with furnishings cost 
about fourteen thousand dollars, and the value of the entire 
property to-day is about $175,000, free of all indebtedness. 

New memorial windows have been added and an endowment 
begun. 

The Parish has received since 1900 a bequest of $10,000 from 

Edward F. Lewis; from E. C. Lewis $1000; from Ann N. Comber 

. $250; from Lillian Redfern $150; from Mrs. A. C. Northrop, to 

establish the A. C. Northrop fund $1000; from Mrs. Hannah 

Terrell $1,000. 

170 




Rev. Frederick D. UucKLEy. 



TRINITY PARISH. 



The Parish continues to be what is known as a "Free Church," 
supported by the free-will offerings of the people, and ministers 
to an ever increasing number of people as the city grows in popu- 
lation. 

OFFICERS OF TRINITY PARISH. 
Waterbury, Conn. 



Rev. Frederick D. Buckley, M.A., 
Rev. Frederick; E. Buck, B.A., 



Joshua K. Smith, 

C. J. PlEUPONT, 

F. P. Welton, 
H. M. Steele, 

G. B. Churchill, 
C. F. Davis, 



Wardens. 



Vestrymen. 



Rector. 
Asst. Rector. 

George H. Benham. 



S. J. Marsh, 

R. S. WOTKYNS, 

C. H. Skilton, 
R. S. Walker, 
J. L. Sweiger, 
C. J. Hackbtt. 



ABTHxm D. Noble, Clerk. 



Roger S. Wotkyns, Treasurer. 



171 



ERRORS AND OMISSIONS. 

Page VII. Fifth line in second paragraph: "howeyer" should be 
however." 

Page 54. Fifth line from bottom of page: Abram Ives — Died July 
;, 1869 (not 1819), aged 51 years. 

Page 58. First line at top of page: Should read 1901 instead of 1891. 

Page 58. Fifth line from top of page: Should read 1889 instead of 1899. 

Page 61. Last line in first parargraj^h: the date should be July 21, 1906. 

Page 63. The death of Abram Joseph Warner occurred February 25, 

107. 

Page 93. Fourth line in second paragraph: "Bryan" should read 
Bronson. ' ' 



l'?X^ 



INDEX. 



The names in the lists of Church officers, of taxes, and of Dr. Mansfield's 
baptisms are not repeated in the index. 



59 



Abel, Walter T., . 
Aberdeen, Scotland, 
Acly, Rev. C. G., . 
Adams, Reuben, . 
Agricultural Conditions, 
Alcox, Joseph, 
All Saints, Oakville, . 

" " Wolcott, . 
American Pin Co., 
Amistad Negroes, 
Andrews, Rev. Samuel, 
Andrew, G. W., 
Appleton, Rev. Samuel G 
Arnold, Jonathan, 
Atwill, Rev. E. R., 
Atwater, Thomas, 
Atwood, Wallace, . 
Austin, Rev. Mr., . 
Wilbert N., ' 

" Edmund, 

Bacon, Dr. Leonard, 
Bacon, E. E., . . 
Badger, David, 
Badger, Rev. Joseph, 
Bailey, Rev. Melville K. 
Barber, Rev. Virgil H., 
" Mary Austin, 
" Samuel Joseph, 
" Rev. Daniel, . 
Baldwin, Noah, 

" Dr. Isaac, . 

" Rev. Asahel, 

H. E., . . 



Page 

. 161 

22 

, 65, 108, 160 

. 79 



71 
. 154 
. 146 
. 154 
. 69 
. 69 
. 144 
. 152 
59, 159 
139, 213 
. 104 
25, 93 
148 
147 
143 
73 

74 

160 

28 

90 

. 60, 104 
30, 74, 97 
31 
32 
30 
25 
72 
141 
152 



E., 



Barlow, Rev. WilUam, 

33, 66, 68 
Barns, Thomas, .... 
Barnes, Rev. Morton A., 
Bartlett, Joseph E 

" H. H., 
Bates, Rev. John M., 
Beach, Asa, 
" Asahel, 
" (Rev. John), 
Beard, John, . 
Beardsley, Dr. E. 
Bass viol bought, 
Beardsley, Levi, 
Benedict, Aaron, 
Beecher, Daniel, 
Beers, Andrew, 
Bell in Gunutown, 
Bells, chime of, 
Benson, Bishop, 
Bennett, Rev. Mr. 
Benham, Isaac, 

George H 
" Henry, 
Bentham, Rev. W 
Berry, Dr., 
Bethany, . 

Bible and Prayer Book (S 
" new received, 
" old given away, 
Biddle, Rev. Jacob A., 
Bingham, Rev. Dr. J. F., 

57, 60, 82, 103, 
Blakeslee, Rev. Solomon, 



Paqe 

74, 99 

79 

61, 107 

78 

148 

142 

76 

144 

2 

5 

IX, 14 
30 
120 
25 
150 
149 
150 
50, 51 
4 
107 
28, 76 
171 
76 
161 
142 
22 
50 
98 
98 
61 



104, 108 
.21,90 



173 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



Page 

15 

.24,93 

. 141 

. 144 

105, 106 

104, 169, 58 

149 



Blakeslee Jacob, . 

Jude, . . 
Rev. Edward, 
Blake, Seth, . . . 
Booth, Mrs. Eunice T., 
" JohnC, . . 
" David, . . 
" Samuel, 
Bolster, Mrs. Marcia, . 
Bonnett, William W., 
Bradley, Abner, . 

" Aner, . / 
" Abram, . 
" Hezekiah, 
Bristol, .... 
Brewster, Elder, . 
Bronson, Capt. Amos, 
Azor, . . 
" Judge Beimett, 
" Herman, 
" Joseph, . 
" Seba, 

" Deacon Stephen, 
" Susannah, . 

Dr. Tillotson, 2, 6, 13, 29, 
91, 94, 96, 97, 139, 149, 147, 
156, 158 
Brown, Daniel, . . . VIII, 
" Rev. Edward R,, 
" Hezekiah, 
" James, 
" Joseph, 
" Levi, . . 
" Samuel, . 
" Mrs. William, 
Brownell, Bishop, . 45 

" " window, . 

" " monument. 

Buck, George D., . 

" Rev. Frederick E., 
Buckingham, Mrs. J. A., , 
" Mrs. John , 

" Capt. John, VIII, 



VIII, 



164 

66 

164 

25 

164 

93 

154 

2 

60 

24, 29 

76 

9 

76 

86 

28,76 

19 

25,66 



144 

151 

76 

73 

144 

154 

76, 144 

16 

160, 

84 

104 

152 

171 

145 

56 

78 



49 



Buckingham Scovill M., 
" S. McLean, 

Bucks Hill, . . . . 1 
Buckley, Rev. Frederick D., 
Bulkeley, Gov. Morgan, 
Burgiss, Rev. N. B., . 
Buel, Mrs. Cornelia, . 
Burnhara, Gordon W., 

" Mrs. Louisa B 

Burhans, Rev. Daniel, 
Burrall, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
Byington, Daniel, 
Boy Choir, .... 



M. 



Candee, Joseph B., . . . , 149 
Carter, Rev. J. F., .... 106 

" Mr., 76 

Carver, Rev. Thomas G., . 108, 151 
Camp, Herbert P., . . . . 164 
Caskey, Rev. Tahaffero D., . . 107 
Castle, Frank E., . . . . 164, 165 

" John S., . . . . 164, 165 

Choir Boys, 78 

Centenary, celebration, . . . 104 

Chandler, Rev. C. W., . . . 59 

Rev. T. B., . . . 5 

Chatham, 22 

Christmas Eve Customs, ... 65 

Churchill, C. B., 171 

Chime of bells received, . . . 108 

Cleveland, Moses, 24 

Claremont, N. H., ... 30, 31 
Clowes, George H., . . . 101, 120 
Church of 1797, voted, ... 94 
Church Street, .... 26, 
Church, second, decorations, 

burned, . . 45, 101, 

" damaged by storm, 

" vote to sell old . 
lot of First, . . 

" Green, Naugatuck, 

" Company, ... 79, 

" Christ's, Watertown, 



Page 

. 74 

. 148 

, 14, 72 

170, 171 

104 

. 142 

. 105 

102, 167 

49, 167 

. 142 

23, 155 

. 154 

78 



96 

26 

108 

41 

95 

111 

150 

1L>3 

144 



174 



INDEX. 



Page 

Church Home and Charity 

Foundation, .... 80 

Hill, Naugatuck, . .150 

Churchman's Magazine, . . 6, 30 

Clark, Rev. Jacob, L., D.D., 16, 33, 

36-44, 67, 100, 108, 102, 78, 162 

" Mrs. Mary T., . . . . 41 

" Mrs. Mary DeF., ... 41 

" Mrs. Anna G., . . . 41, 68 

" Edward S., .... 54 

" EUas, 73 

" Rev. Anson, .... 62 

" Cyrus, 45 

" Rev. Herman Munson, . 62 

" John, Jr., 76 

" John, 176 

" Margaret Kirk, . . . 167 
" Rev. Peter G., ... 158 
" Rev. Orange, .... 36 

" Samantha, 41 

Cleveland, Herbert W., . . . 143 

Cinquez, 69 

Coer, Rev. Charles C, ... 63 

" James E., 164 

" Mary A. T., 167 

Congregational forms, ... 64 
Convention, 1788, ... 69, 90 
Consecration, Church of 1797, . 27 
" 1848, 45, 100 
" 1873, . 
Consecration of Christ's Church, 
Comber, Ann, 



Cook, Samuel, 

" Miss Susan, 
Cookson, John T., 
Cossett, John, . 
Confirmation, remarkable 
Crockett, Rev. J. A., . 
Cotton, Palmyra, 
Converse, Rev. R. R., 
Congdon, Henry M., . 
Covell, Rev. Mr., . 
Corner Stone, Trinity, 



99, 



49 
145 
170 
76 
. 68 
. 161 
28, 73, 98 
. 23 
. 148 
79, 103 
57, 103, 104 
166 
158 
165 



Cujjola, 

Cunningham, Rev. H. N., 

Culver, Thomas M., . 

Cuitiss, Frankhn L., . 

Curtis, Eli, 

" Judge Holbrook, 
" Rev. W. A., . 

Cutler, Dr. Timothy, . 
" Leman W., 

Cranmer Abp., Life of, 



Dallas, John, . 
Dartmouth College, 
Daughters of the King, 
Davis, Rev. T. C, 

" C. F., . 
Davies, William, 
Davenport, Rev. John 
Dayton, Wallace E., 

A. H., . 
Dennis, Phineas, 
Denison, Rev. S. D., 
Dexter, Prof. F. B., 
DeForest, William C, 
Derby, .... 
Dorman, Rev. L. M., 
Doolittle, James, . 
Thomas, 
Dowd, John, . 
Downes, Lewis T., 
Driggs, Theodore I., 

" Asa J., 
Duffield, Rev. S. B., 
Dunbar, Moses, 
Dunnica, Mary (Micou), 



G. 



East Plymouth, 
Eastwood, Rev. B., 
Elton, John P., . 
" James S., . 
Mrs. Betfoy, 
" Oiivo M., 
Eggleston, Rev. A. C, 



77,55 



Fagb 

. 94 

146, 148 

76 

113,116 

93, 24 

72 

150 

VII 

147 

68 



187 
22, 29 

68 
150 
171 
161 
105 
143 
152 
154 
142 
6 
150 
4 
142 
144 
144 

76 

77 
, 69, 102 

69 
142 
141 
170 



55 



142 

142 

54, 74 

, 106, 109 

56 

58, 104 

. 105 



175 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



Page 

Ellsworth, Rev. J. W., . . . 151 

Elsdon, Rev. W. P., . . . . 65 

Episcopal, 30 

Episcopal pious, 20 

Episcopal Society, .... 89 

Expenses of Parish, .... 65 

Faber, W. A., 161 

Fabrique, Charles, .... 69 

Falkner, Rev. Howard, ... 23 

Farmingbury, 154 

Farrand & Votey .... 78 

Farrell, Almon, 167 

Ruth A., 55 

Field, Miss Alice, 68 

Finch, Asaph, 154 

" Eleazar, 154 

First, Ecclesiastical Society, . 3 
Frisbie, Edward L., . . 164, 165 

Fitch, Rev. W. L., . . . . 151 
Foot, Rev. Mr. David, . 21, 22, 91 

French, Rev. Mr . , . . . . 158 

Frink, Randall C, .... 161 

Fulford, Jonathan, . . . . 144 

"Gal" and gallery, .... 71 

Gammack, Rev. Dr. James, . 15, 142 

Gardner, Rev. E. C, . . . . 151 

Garnsey, Jonathan, . . . . 144 

Garth, Rev. Wm. H., ... 151 

Gas first used, 65 

Gates, Edward H., .... 143 

" Louis, 160 

General Assembly, .... 11 

Geer, Rev. Alpheus, . . 33, 98, 99 

" Sarah Marshall, ... 33 

" George J., . . . . 62, 33 

" William Montague, . . 33 

GilUland, Rev. John D., . . . 142 

Glebe Swamp, 94 

" House, 25 

Goodrich, Rev. A. B., ... 142 

Grand St. Cemetery, .... 36 



Page 
Green, Rev. William, . 26, 28, 95 

Grigson, William, 4 

Griswold, Rev. A. V., . 28, 94, 149 

Grilley, H. M., 161 

Gunn, Abel, IX, 149 

" Job amah, . . . . 149, 150 

" Nathaniel, .... IX 

Gunns of Gunntown, .... 73 

Gunntown, ... 6, 22, 149, 150 

Haddam 3 

Hall, Benjamin, 24 

" Ruth, 24 

" Rev. Mr., 21 

" Nancy M., 54 

" Nancy A., 166 

" Rev. Charles T., ... 61 

" Levi, 154, 157 

" Orrin, 157 

" Samuel W. 

57, 73, 79, 81, 162, 166, 167 

Hart, Ehzabeth, 24 

142 

24 

, 120, 149 

. 86 

. 104 

. 148 

. 148 

. 148 

69 

76 

. 144 

. 144 

. 76 

. 55 

. 139 

58, 164 

63,79 

66 

22 

59, 108 

49 



« Rev. Dr. Samuel, 
" Matthew, . . 
" Rev. Seth, 2, 23, 29 
Harrison, Widow, 

" Benjamin, 
Heminway, B. H., 
H. H., 
" Merit, 

Hendee, Charles H., 
Hickox, Abram, . 
John, . . 
" Joseph, 
" Preserved, 
Hill, Robert W., . 
Hillard, Rev. E. B., 
Hitchcock, Rufus E., 

Rev. Dr. Wm 
WilUam R., 
Hebron, ... 
Home, Rev. Geo. W. , 
Hook & Hastings, 



,92 



A. 



176 



INDEX. 



Hooker, Rev. W. E., . . 

Horsesheds, 

Hoadley, Almira, .... 
" David, .... 
Holcomb, Rev. Dr. Frederick, 
72, 
Holden, Rev. S. R., . . 
Holmes, Israel, 
Hopkins, Judge Joseph, . 

" Grammar School, 
Hopson, Rev. Oliver, 
Hotchkiss, Bildad, 

Edward E., . 
" Timothy, 

Titus, . 
William, 
Hubbard, Rev. Bela, 
Hull, Capt. Joseph 

" Rev. Ambrose, 
Humiston, Bennett, 
Hurlburt, Emma, . 



Page 

142 

100 

77 

26 



145, 146 

. 60 

. 25 

1,3,10 

8 

150, 153 

154, 155 
. 152 
. 154 

154, 155 
. 164 
29 
8 
. 90 
. 76 
. 77 



Inscription on Church, ... 56 

Inventory ot Church property, . 85 

Ives, Abram, . , , . . 49, 101 

" Ambrose, 154 

" MaryB., 28 

" Reuben, 28 

" Rev. Mr., 21 

Jarvis, Bishop, . 26, 97, 142, 147 

Jericho, 29 

Jessup, Rev. Edward, . . 108 

" Rev. Emerson, . . . 142 

Jesuits, 32 

Johnson, Rev. Samuel, 

VIII, IX, 2, 148, 151 
Rev. E. E., . . . . 151 

Judd, Asa, 144 

" Frank, H., 152 

" John, . . . 10,79,111,119 
" Samuel, 25 



Kellogg, Hon. S. W., . 
Kennea, John A., . 

John J., . . 
KeeUng, Jacob, 
Kewley, Rev. Dr., 
King, Daughters of, . 
Kingston, N. B., . 
Kingsbury, Frederick J., 

Mrs. F. J., 
" Miss Alice, 

John, . . 
Klimpke, Paul, 



LaForge, Frederick H., 
Land sold, .... 
Langdon, Daniel, 
Laity, The, 

Lamb, Mrs. WilUam, . 
Lampson, William K., 
LaRue, E V., . . . 
Leasing land, . 
Leavenworth, Rev. Mark 
Hall, . 
William, 
Lee, Rev. J. W., . 
Lewis, Rev. John N. Jr. 
58 

" Edward C, . 

" Edward F., . 

" Rev. Dr. Wm. H., 
Library, established . 
Lightning strikes Church, 
Long hill barn, 
Lottery for All Saints, 
Lumsden, Rev. Mr., . 
Lumpkin, WilUam L., 
Lyon, Rev. James, 



6, 



Paqb 
105 
154 
157 
152 
147 
68 
17,50 
9,55, 105 
50 
68 
25 
148 



. 164 
. 107 
154, 155 
71 
. 68 
. 98 
. 143 
. 196 
. 9,72 
. 68 
. 25 
. 104 



61, 107, 146 
164, 165 
170 
146 
34 
34 
17 
156 
142 
143 
2, 139 



Mackay, Rev. James, . . . 151 
McConnell, Rev. S. D., . . . 146 
Mansfield, Rev. Richard, 

2, 8, 13, 29, 106, 141, 139, 147 
McCrackan, Rev. John H., . 61, 160 



177 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



Page 

Marsh, S. J,, 171 

" Rev. Mr., . . • . . . 191 
Mayo, Rev. March C, . . . 106 
McNulty, Rev. R. R., . 57, 60, 103 
Memorials in Christ Chxrrch, Water- 
town, 146 

Memorial to Dr. Clark, . . . 104 

Meneely & Co., 52 

Merriam family, 77 

Merriman, Charles B., . . 55, 165 

Charlotte B., . 56, 68 

Sarah, .... 79 

Helen, .... 68 

Joseph P., . . 164 

" Nancy, . . . 147 

Micou, Rev. R. W., . . 9, 105, 165 

Edith Hall, .... 167 

Middlebury, . . . . 3, 98, 153 

MiUer, Rev. Royal R., ... 61 

" Rev. M., ..... 107 

" Rev. S. K., .... 142 

" Harry O., .... 160,161 

Minor, Archibald, 156 

« William H., . . . . 78 

" Joseph, 154 

Mitchell, Mrs. CM.,. . . . Ill 
" Charles F., .... 105 

Monson, Ellen, 77 

Morgan, Rev. Allen C, 35, 36, 97, 100 
Morris, Rev. Theophilus, . 2, 139 

Morse, Burdette, 143 

Morton, Rev, James, . . . . 159 

Thomas, C, . . . . 167 

Munson, Herman, .... 28 

W. J., 148 

Music, 76 

Naugatuck, 3 

New Cambridge, 2, 89 

Nichols, Capt. George, . 17, 73, 144 

" Humphrey, .... 73 

Rev. James, . . 2, 62, 141 

Rev. John F., . . . 146 



Page 
Noble, Arthur P., .... 171 

" Frank B., 148 

Norton, John, 154 

Northrop, .\rthur C, . . . 16, 68 

George andJLola, . . 161 

Northbury, .... 2,139,140 

North Haven, 1 

Norton, Rev. John, D.D., . . .68 
Nova Scotia, 2 

Oakville, VIII 

Officers of the Church, ... 14 

Old Bible, 14 

Organ purchased, 77 

" presented, . . . . 49, 101 

« installed, 36 

Osborn, Thomas, .... 86, 149 
Oxford, 22 

Rafter, Rev. W. A., .... 161 

Real Estate, HI 

Records, 86 

Rectory lot and deed, . . 104, 126 
Redfern, Lilian, . . . . 170 

Reid, Rev. Horace Hall, . . . 146 
Revolution, meetings during, . 89 
Rice, Frederick B., . . . . 120 
" Leverett E., .... 77 

Richards, John, 14 

Richardson, John, . . . Ill 

Rev. Nathaniel, D.D., 145 
Riverside Cemetery, .... 36 
Rochester, Bishop of, ... 14 
Rogers, Rev. Ammi, .... 92 

" J. W., 152 

Root, Edward T., .... 165 

Rosati, Bishop, 32 

Rossiter, Rev. Rodney, . . . 142 
Rowley, John, .... 77, 100 
St. John, .... 36 
Rowland, Rev. Edmund, D.D., 

57, 104, 105, 106, 107 
Rural habits of Clergy, ... 35 



178 



INDEX. 



Page 
Russell, Rev. Francis T., D.D., 

60, 102, 105, 169, 160, 165 

Huntley, 60 

" Sigourney, .... 168 



11 
158 
63, 102 
91 
3 
22, 23 



77, 100, 102 
90 
152 



'*. Sabbady' ' house, 
Sanford, Rev. David, 

" Rev. Frederick R., 
Salem, .... 

" Bridge, . . 

" Society, 
Sandland, John H, Jr., 
69, 
Schoolhouse, . 
Schofield, H. H., 
Scott, Ashley, 

" Charles, 

" Daniel, 

" David, . 

" Edmund, 

" Gershom, 

" Rev. James S., 

" Rev. Joseph, 

" Minnie A., . 

" Jonathan, . 

« Roxy, . . 
Scovill, Alfred H., 

" John, . . 

" James, 2, 9, 16, 17, 18, 19, 50, 
87, 89, 104 

" Elias, .... 17, 18, 62 

" Edward, lU 

Miss Etta, .... 68 

" Rev. Mr., 149 

" Misses CaroUne and Mary, 66 

" Samuel, 144 

" James M. L., . . . 74, 79 
Mrs. James M. L., . . 167 

" James M. L., Jr., . . 167 

James M. L. and W. H. 126 

« William, 144 

" WiUiam H., 56, 54, 74, 76, 66 
Scranton, Rev. Mr., .... 157 



98 
117,79,166 

54 
144 
9 
144 
151 
151 

54 
117 

54 
148 

13 



Page 
. 142 
28, 145 
95 



Scudder, Rev. Henry T., 

Seabury, Bishop, . 

Seating Church, 

Selkrigg, WiUiam, .... 10 

Senior, Homer C, .... 161 

Sewing School, 68 

Searle, Rev. Roger, . . . . 142 

Seymour, 22 

Sharp, Sally A., 103 

Shelton, Rev. Philo, .... 141 
Shepardson, Lucy Saloma, . 167 

Sigourney, Mary, 56 

Singing Schools, early, ... 78 

Smith, Charles H., ... 69, 148 

" HobartC, .... 143 

" Henry A., 143 

" Rev. Henry G., . . . 142 
" Mrs. EUzabeth, ... 68 
" Rev. John Eaton, . 59, 101 
" John W., . 70,102,158,164 
" Joshua R., ... 164, 171 

"Mr 6 

" Rev. Victor C, . . 60, 102 

Societies, Committee, ... 87 

Society for Prop. Gospel, IX, 18, 68 

Southmayd, Daniel, .... 72 

Rev. John, 6, 13. 72, 

118, 139 

Stamp Act, . 16 

Staten Island, 3 

Stansfield, Rev. J. Atwood, . 146, 161 

Starr, Orrin, 147 

" F. E., 161 

St. Andrew's Brotherhood, . 68 

N. B., . . . . 3 

" George's, Hempstead, . . 23 

" James, 1, 10 

" John's, 26, 44, 49 

" Michael's, Naugatuck, 22, 149, 156 
" Margaret's School, . . 69, 108 
" Mark's, Harwinton, . . 147 

" Paul's, Watervilie, 65, 106, 107, 100 
" Peter's, Baltimore, ... 23 



179 



HISTORY OF ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. 



St. Peter's. Plymouth, 
Stake set for Church, 
State Street lot, . 
Skilton, C. H., . . 
Steele, Rev. Ashbel, . 

" Rev. A. Floridus, 

" Austin, 

" Edward Daniel, 

" H. M 



Page 
139 
26,93 
104 
171 
60 

59, 101, 108 

. . . 75 

164, 165, 169 

. . 171 



Paqb 

Ven. S. P. G., . IX, 3, 19, 20, 18 

Vestry, Rules for Election, . 64 

" Quorum of, . . . 100, 107 



Stevens, George H., . . . 161 

Stove, in Wolcott Church, . .158 
Stocking, Rev. Servilius, . . 158 
Stone, Dr. Benj. W., ... 146 

Stratford, IX, 4 

Sunday School, .... 66, 67 
Sweiger, J. L., 171 

Talbot, Rev. Charles R., . . 151 

Tahnadge, Edwin M., . . . 143 

Taylor, David, . . . . . 198 

" Thomas R., .... 164 

TerriU, Hannah, 170 

Temporary Chapel, .... 101 

Tithingnaen, 66 

Todd, Rev. Samuel, .... 139 

" Street, 154 

Townsend, Larmon, . . . .153 

Toucey, Mrs. John M., . . . 142 

Town meeting, 25 

" and Church government, . VII 

Tower blown down, .... 101 
Traggitt, Rev. H. N., . . 160, 161 

Trinity Church, 162 

Treasurer to release, . . . . 103 

Trumbull, Dr. Benj., . . . . 1, 3 

Rev. John, . . 14, 29 

Tuttle, A. C, 152 

Trust funds, 79 



Upson, Ambrose Ives, 
Utter, Abram, 



160 
13 



Wakelee, David, . 

Irad, . . 
Waldo, Rev. David, . 
Warner, family, 

" Dr. Benjamin, 
" Ephraim, 
" Rev. Joseph A., 
" Justus, 30, 31, 97 
" Obadiah, 
" Ransom, 
Washington, George, 
Waterbury from Farmington 

Ohio, . 
Watertown, 
Waterville Chapel, 
Wallingford, 
Walker, R. S., . . 
Watson, Rev. Wm., 
Welton, Abi, . . 

" Rev. Alanson W, 
Ard, . . . 
Arad, . . 
Rev. Davis J., 
Edwin D., . 
" Eliakim, . 
" Erastus, . 

F. P., . . 
" George L., 

Hobart v., . 
" John, . 1, 

" Joseph D., 

Frances R. P., 
" Moses, 
" Nelson J 
" Oliver, 

Richard, 
" Samuel, 
" Stephen, 



55, 67 



. 154 

. 155 

. 147 

. 73 

. 9, 10 

76, 28 

. 63 

117, 120 

76 

62, 73 

. 105 

. VII 

50 

145, VIII 

100, 101 

2, 23 

. 171 

42 

. IX 

IX, 62 

25, 143 

. 143 

. 142 

56. 105 
. 154 

154, 157 
. 171 

55. 106 
56 

, 86, 154 

62, 154 

. 55 

154, 155 

82, 105, 129 

13,79,114 

IX, 25, 73 

. . 76 

VIII, 76 



73 



180 



INDEX. 



Page 

Welton, Thomas,. . . 154,155 
" Rev. Ximenes Alanson, 

VIII, 158 
WilUam S. H., . . . IX 

West Haven, VIII, 4 

Westminster Abbey, .... 14 

Westbury, 2 

Wheaton, Rev. Dr., .... 36 
Wheeler, Rev. Russell, . . . 145 

White, J. C 165 

" Rev. J. H., . . . . 60 

" Wm. H., 56 

Widow Harrison, 86 

Will of S. W. Hall, .... 80 
Willey. Rev. J. M., 59, 101, 108, 159 
Wilcox, John Henry, .... 77 



Page 
Williams, Bishop, 

49, 53, 56, 101, 105, 163 

Williams College, 147 

Wilson, Seymour, 76 

Wolcott, 3, 158 

Williams, Samuel P., . . . . 164 

Wood, John W., 152 

Woodcock, Bishop, .... 73 
Woodruff, Rev. C. T., . . . 151 
Woodbury, . . 22, 23, 149, 91 
Woodford, Lionell, . . . . 152 

Woodbridge 22 

Wooster, John, .... 25, 93 
Wotkyns, Roger S., . . . . 171 

Yale College, VIII, 1 



181 



77 168 6 Hi