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Of the Caufes which led to 


of 1675 and 1676, 

By JOHN V..\S'VON. of Rhode IJland. 

With other Documents concerning this 
Event in the Office of the Secretary of 
State of New York. 

Prepared from the Originals^ with a?t 
IntroduSiion and Notes. 



J. MUNSELL, 78 State Street. 



Of the Caufes which led to 


of 1675 ^^^ ^^7^5 

M ; 7 _ / 7 S^- 

By JOHN EAS rON, of Rhode IJland. 

With other Documents concerning this 
Event in the Office of the Secretary of 
State of New York. 

Prepared from the Originals^ with a?i 
Introdu&ion and Notes. 



J. MUNSELL, 78 State Street. 





C: C) N T E NTS. 

^ Re/at/on of the Indian War, by Mr. Eajion 
of Rhode IJland, 1675, 

Papers Relating to Philip's Indian War, 

Record of a Court Martial held at Newport, 
R. I. in AiigiiJ}, \6j6, for the Trial of 
Indians charged with being engaged in 
Philip's Defgns, _ _ _ ^ 

Index, __-.--- 


The Statement inadvertently made in N 
concerning the Abfence of the Governor 
He did not fail for England until November, 1677, 

1 N I R () I) U { I I O N 

^HE Years 1675 and 1676, will ever 
fill a gloomy Page in New Eng- 
land Hiftory, and be equally memorable 
^^ for the defperate but inefFeftual Efforts of 
(^S^^ its primitive People, to rid their Country of 
its European Inhabitants, and the efficient Meafures 
adopted by the latter, againft the Chances of future 

The Details of thefe Events, have come down to 
us in the Narratives of feveral prominent Adlors in 
them, and from them, we have been made familiar 
with the Scenes of Atrocity which diftinguiflied 
the feveral Combatants in this War of mutual 
Extermination ; but in none of thefe Accounts do 
we find Evidence of that earneft Defire to render a 
ftridlly impartial Statement of Events, which alone 
conftitutes the higheft Aim of Hiftory, and claims 
our ftrongeft Regard. The Writers of thefe Nar- 

[ vi] 

ratives, in their aftive Sympathies for the one Party, 
have Icarcely been willing to concede either Jurtice 
or Honor to the other. The Indian Leader who 
ad:ed lb prominent a Part in this War, is reprefented 
as a Monfter in Iniquity, incapable alike of Gene- 
rofity or Sympathy, waging an unprovoked and 
aggreffive War upon inoffenlive Settlers, violating 
the moll lolemn Engagement of Treaties, and wan- 
tonly butchering thofe who had extended to him 
the kindeft Offices of Friendfliip. 

The Account of the Origin of this War, given 
in the following Pages, is believed to be the only 
one that has been printed, in which a cotemporary 
Writer has appeared anxious to reprefent in a favor- 
able Light, the Injuries that provoked the Natives 
to Afts of Hoftility, or to concede to them Motives 
of Honor and Equity in previous Attempts to ad- 
julf the Grounds of Difpute without a final Refort 
to Arms. 

The Government of Rhode Illand, of which 
Mr. Eafton was a Member, had been excluded from 
the Union of the New England Colonies, on account 
of her heretical Toleration of religious Freedom, 
and her open Advocacy of that Liberty of Confcience 

[ vii ] 

which has fince become a diltinguiihing Feature 
of our Government. Her Territory was invaded 
by armed Forces without previous Notification or 
Confent, and her Magistrates feized and carried to 
Prilbns beyond her Borders, for prefuming to quel- 
tion the Right of thefe informal Inroads upon her 

The Boundary between Connefticut and Rhode 
Ifland, was at this Time a Subjedl of Dilpute, and 
upon it depended the Queftion of feparate Exiftence, 
to the greater Part of the latter. This Controverfy 
had excited a Feeling of Alienation between the two 
Colonies, as had a fimilar Queftion between the 
former and New York, and in fome Degree pre- 
vented a cordial Cooperation, in Meafures tending 
to the common Welfare of the Englifh Colonies. 
This may perhaps have influenced the Writer of the 
following Narrative, in his Defire to prove that the 
Complaints of the Indians might have been peace- 
ably fettled, and that the immediate Caule of the 
War arofe from the Indilcretion of their Neighbors. 
Whatever Weight this Motive may have had, there 
is found nothing either in the Narrative itfelf, or 
the Evidence of other Writers, to lead us to quefliion 

[ viii ] 

the Accuracy of the Facls therein ftated, or to doubt 
that the Grievances complained of, were fully as 
real as by them reprefented. 

Slighter Grounds of Difference between civilized 
Nations have often fooner led to open War, and we 
may perhaps find in this Cafe, no other Reafon for 
patient Forbearance under continued Wrongs, than 
the Faft that the Indians were dependent upon the 
Whites for the Means of commencing and profe- 
cuting Hoftilities, and were without thofe Facilities 
for Confultation and Cooperation which Education 
alone confers. 

Prompted by that inherent Senfe of Equality 
which has often led them to fliare equally with 
their Prifoners, the laft Morfel of Food, the Indians 
had cheerfully given to the firfl Colonifts a liberal 
Share of their Lands, and had not only fupplied 
them with Provifions when they would otherwife 
have ftarved, but had taught them the Method of 
cultivating Corn, and the Time and Mode of catch- 
ing FiHi, which preferved them from Extremities 
to which there would have been no other Relief. • 
Thus favored and affifted, the Colonifts at Peace 

1 See Bradford's Hiftory of Plymouth Plantations, p. lOO. 

[ i^ I 

with the native Tribes rapidly muhiplied, and their 
Fields everywhere extended along the Valleys and 
over the Plains that had been the Haunts and the 
Homes of the primitive Owners. During more 
than fifty Years, they had been gaining fleadily upon 
the Wildernefs, and the Indians had proportionably 
wafted away, deriving few and doubtful Benefits 
from Civilization, but becoming daily more de- 
graded by its Vices, and more dependent upon its 
Arts for the Means of Exiftence. 

Maffafoit, the chief Sachem of the Wampanoags, 
had been the early and conftant Friend of the 
Whites, and towards the Clofe of his Life had taken 
his two Sons, upon whom his Authority was to 
defcend, to a principal Settler to make them pledge 
their continued Friendlliip to the Englirti. Alex- 
ander, the elder of thefe Brothers, was a £ew Years 
after fummoned to appear and anfwer to Charges 
made againft him upon Sufpicion that he was plot- 
ting the Deftrudlion of the Settlers ; but not obey- 
ing promptly, he was furprifed at an unguarded 
Moment, and taken towards Plymouth. Exafpe- 
rated at this Treatment, he fell fick, was releafed 

[ X ] 

under the Pledge of Hoftages, but died on his Way- 

The chief Authority devolved upon Metacom, ■ 
better known as Philip, on the Death of his Brother, 
and whatever may have been his early Feeling 
towards the Englifli, there can be no Doubt that 
from this Period he harbored a fecret Refolution of 
Vengeance, although Policy led him for a Seafon to 
conceal his Purpofe under a Cloak of Friendfhip, 
and even to confent to repeated Renewals of the 
Treaties of Amity, which his Father had made. 

With this Defign he vifited many Indian Tribes, 
portrayed in eloquent Language the fteady En- 
croachments of the Settlers, reminded them of their 
ancient Power now rapidly wafting away, and in- 
voked them by the Love of Country and Kindred, 
the Memory of their Forefathers, and their Duty 
to Pofterity, to unite in driving from the Land thefe 
dangerous Rivals, whofe paft Encroachments fore- 
ihadowed the rapid and complete Deftrudtion of 
their Race. 

The Magnitude of this Enterprife, and the evi- 

1 Sometimes written Metacomet, and faid to be a Contraftion from 

[ xi ] 

dent Succefs with which he privately advanced in 
its Arrangement, befpeaks a Mind capable of the 
moft comprehenfive Generalization, while his future 
Courfe proved him the Owner of Talents equal to 
the moft prelTing Emergencies that might arife in 
the Execution of its Details. 

His Taft in enlifting the Narraganfetts, the 
hereditary Enemies of his Tribe, in the general 
Scheme which he had formed, indicates the Pof- 
feffion of a fair Degree of diplomatic Skill, and a 
thorough Knowledge of the human Character. 

The Circumftances attending the Conference 
related in the following Narrative, are particularly 
interefting, as flaowing the Wrongs which had for 
Years been pradliced upon the unfufpedling Natives, 
and the lively Senfe of Injuftice which thefe Inju- 
ries had awakened. The fimple confiding Ignor- 
ance of thefe untutored Sons of Nature, had led 
them on from one Conceffion to another, until they 
were brought to a forcible Realization of the Value 
of Land, by a preffing Senfe of its Want, and found 
themfelves in almoft as feeble and dependent a 
Condition, as were the Englifh upon their firft 

[ xii ] 

There is Ibmething peculiarly refined and elevated 
in the Sentiment expreffed by Philip, in anlwer to 
their Remark, that the Whites were now too ftrong 
for the Indians, when he replied, that then the 
Englifli JJiould do to them, as they did, when they were 
too Jlrong for the EngliJJi. In this was expreffed the 
Spirit of that moft facred Injundion of Scripture, 
that " all Things whatfoever ye would that Men 
lliould do to you, do ye even fo to them," with all 
the additional Obligation that a previous Perform- 
ance of this Duty could impofe. 

His Plans, it is laid, had been laid with Reference 
to their Development in the Spring of 1676, but 
were prematurely haftened by the Death of Safia- 
mon, and the Executions which followed. 

Perhaps fearing that he might be feledted as the 
next Viftim, Philip kept himfelf furrounded by his 
armed Followers, and finally yielding to their Impa- 
tience for Plunder, allowed them to commit Dep- 
redations. Thefe by provoking an Attack from 
the Whites, relieved him from the Superftitious 
dread which he is laid to have entertained of begin- 
ning the War, and adtive Hollilities quickly fol- 

[ xiii ] 

The lirfl Attack was made at Swanlea upon 
People returning from public Worlhip. A Body 
of Troops arriving foon after, were fired upon, and 
one of the Party killed. The Indians fled, mark- 
ing their Courfe by burning Houfes, and fixing on 
Poles the Heads of thofe they had flain ; but being 
preffed by the Troops, Philip left Mount Hope and 
retired to a Swamp at Pocafi"et, where he fucceeded 
in repelling the Englilh and killing fixteen of their 

Learning that his Enemy was preparing to guard 
every Exit from the Swamp and thus reduce him 
to Starvation, he efcaped towards the Nipmucks in 
Worcefter County, purfued by People of Rehoboth 
and Providence. The Indians continued to hang 
upon the Outfkirts of the Settlements in Imall 
Parties, committing frequent Murders, and gener- 
ally evading Purfuit. Being intimately acquainted 
with every Locality, they could eafily fall upon an 
unguarded Hamlet, murder its Inmates, and efcape 
before an Alarm could be raifed, or a Force colled:ed. 
Mendon, Brookfield, Deerfield, Hadley, Northfield, 
Hatfield, Northampton and Springfield, became in 
Turn the Scene of defperati Encounters, in which 

[ xiv [ 

Fortune favored fometimes one and at other Times 
the other Party. PhiHp, who was generally prefent 
in thefe Engagements to dired: his Men, evinced a 
Boldnefs mingled with Caution, that defied the 
utmolt Efforts of the Englirti to gain any fignal 

It being no longer doubted that the Narragan- 
fetts were in fecret Alliance with Philip, War was 
declared againfh them by the Commiffioners of the 
United Colonies in November, and in December 
an Army of from fifteen hundred to two thoufand 
Men, including Volunteers, Indians and a Troop of 
Horfe, the whole under the Command of General 
Winflow, afiembled in the Neighborhood of the 
Enemy. The Indians, under Philip, were located 
on an Ifland in a Swamp in South Kingfton, Rhode 
Ifland, and had furrounded their Camp with Pal- 
lifades and an almoft impenetrable Hedge of fallen 
Trees, with their Tops pointing outwards. Within 
this Inclofure, the Indians had gathered with their 
Families to the Number of three thoufand, comfort- 
ably fupplied with Provifions and armed with Bows 
and Arrows, Mulkets and Tomahawks. 

Here, on the i8th of December, was fought the 

[ >^v I 

moft bloody Battle recorded in the early Annals of 
New England, in which feven hundred Indian War- 
riors were flain and thre ehundred wounded ; three 
hundred more and as many Women and Children 
taken Prifoners. The Number of Women and 
Children that perifhed in the Flames was never 
known. The Englifh loft fix Captains and eighty 
Men in killed and one hundred and fifty in 

The Weather was intenfely cold, and the Eng- 
lifh fufFered extremely from Cold and Fatigue while 
traveling in deep Snows. Philip fled, and is fup- 
pofed to have paffed the Winter upon the weftern 
Borders of Mafiachufetts. The Winter was re- 
markably mild, and upon the Hudfon River open- 
ing unexpectedly in February, the Governor of 
New York fent up feveral Sloops laden with Soldiers 
and military Stores, to refift any Attack which 
Philip might make in that Quarter. Sudbury, 
Lancafter and Medfield were attacked in February. 

The Spring opened with renewed Hoftilities, 
and Parts of Groton, Marlborough, Warwick, 
Rehoboth and Providence were burned. A memo- 
rable Engagement occurred in Rehoboth, on the 

[ xvi ] 

26th of March, known as the " Pierce Fight," in 
which Capt. Michael Pierce, of Scituate, at the 
Head of a Band of 63 EngHlh and a few friendly- 
Indians, was led into an Ambufcade, in which ^^ 
Englifli and 10 of their Indian Allies were llain on 
the Spot, but not without deftroying feveral Times 
this Number of their Enemies. 

The Indians fcattering in fmall Parties, were 
enabled to diftracfl the Attention of the Englifli 
Forces by fimultaneous Attacks in different Quarters. 
In March, a Body of Volunteers from Connedlicut, 
fucceeded in capturing Conanchet, Sachem of the 
Narraganfetts, who was fcarcely lefs formidable than 
Philip, and Expeditions upon the Strongholds of 
the Indians were conflantly reducing their Numbers 
and rendering their Profpedts more gloomy. 

On the 1 8th of May, Capt. Turner, with 180 
Men, furprifed a large Party of Indians at the great 
Falls in the Connedlicut River, above Deerfield. 
They found the Camp entirely unguarded, and flew 
great Numbers, while others ruflied into the River, 
only to meet a watery Grave. The Englifli lofh 
but one, while the Indians afterwards admitted the 
Lofs of 300 Men in killed and drowned, fonie of 

I xvU ] 

them being principal Sachems. In returning, the 
Englilh in their turn experienced heavy Reveries at 
the Hands of another Lodge of Indians, in which 
Capt. Turner was killed, and before reaching Hat- 
field, their Numbers were reduced to thirty-eight 

The Slaughter at the Falls proved a death Blow 
to the Hopes of Philip, and from this Time Mif- 
fortunes clofed thickly upon him. There flill, how- 
ever, remained fufficient Force to ferioully annoy 
the Settlements. On the 30th of May, fix or feven 
hundred Indians invaded Hatfield, burned feveral 
Houfes without the Fortification, and killed five 
Men, but were repulfed with the Lofs of five Times 
this Number. 

On the Morning of the i 2th of June, about feven 
hundred Indians made a furious Affault upon Had- 
ley, and the Inhabitants were thrown into great 
Confufion and Alarm, The Indians fucceeded in 
forcing the Palifades and gaining Pofleffion of one 
Houfe, but were beaten back with Lofs. Suddenly, 
a Man of noble Mien, peculiar in Drefs, venerable 
in Appearance and manifeftly familiar with military 

[ ^^^" ] 

Affairs, allumed the Command, ordered the Englifli 
to rally in the Manner beft adapted to meet the 
preffing Emergency, and by his Voice and Example 
infpired them to new Adiivity and Courage. Under 
his Direction the Indians were at length repulfed 
with Lofs, and driven into the Woods. The myf- 
terious Stranger as fuddenly difappeared, and it was 
long reported and believed that an Angel from 
Heaven had led them to Viftory. It was after- 
wards found, that this Perfon was Col. GofFe, the 
Regicide, who had for fifteen Years, with Whalley 
his Father-in-law, been concealed in the Colony, 
and who was then living in i\v'\&i Seclufion in the 
Family of Mr. Ruffell the Minifter. 

The Indians began to lofe their Courage with 
thefe Failures, and their Attacks were thenceforth 
made with lefs Bravery. They alfo found new 
Enemies in the Mohawks of New York, who wil- 
lingly liftened to Propofitions from the Englifh to 
engage in a War againft the eaftern Indians. They 
did this the more readily, from having difcovered 
an Aft of Treachery on the Part of Philip. 

A Party of 200 Indians, on their Way weftward 
from the Connedlicut, was lurprifed in the prefent 

[ xix ] 

Town of Stockbridge, of whom about fixty were 
killed and taken, with the Lofs of but one Man. 

Thus repulfed from the Connedlicut, Philip re- 
turned to the Plymouth Colony, ftill following out 
his Purpofe of Extermination, but daily lofing his 
Counfelors and Friends, his Captains and Warriors. 
He continued to ftruggle againft Fate, and to gather 
new Energies from the Defperation into which his 
Affairs were plunged. His Wife and Children were 
feized or killed, and many of his Followers gave up 
in Defpair and threw themfelves upon the Mercy 
of the Englifli. Retiring to Mount Hope, his 
former Refidence, he took Refuge in a Swamp with 
about two hundred of his Men. Some Time be- 
fore he had flain one of his Followers, who pre- 
fumed to propofe Submiffion to the Englifli, and 
the Brother of this Indian, in Revenge betrayed the 
Secret of his Retreat. Captain Benjamin Church, 
who had been diftinguifhed throughout the War 
for his Courage and Succefs, lurrounded the Swamp 
on the 1 2th of Auguft, 1 676, and but fixty of the 
Indians efcaped. Philip was fhot by an Indian and 
fell with his Face in the Mud. His Head was cut 
off and exhibited as a Trophy. 

[ XX I 

Anna\van,his principal Captain, was taken Auguft 
28th, in Rehoboth, which ended the War in this 
Seftion of New England, although Hoftilities con- 
tinued one or two Years later, in the northeallern 
Part of the Colonies. 

The Indians, everywhere broken and fcattered, 
either fubmitted to fuch Terms as the Englilli might 
didlate or removed North and joined the French in 
Canada ; and the exhaufted Colonies were left to a 
realization of the Ravages which this vindiftive 
War had occafioned. Famine would have followed 
clofe upon the Miferies of the Torch and Toma- 
hawk, but for timely Charities from Dublin and 
London, obtained through the Letters of Dr. In- 
creafe Mather. One eleventh of the able bodied 
Men of New England are faid to have been flain 
during thefe two Years, and according to another 
Writer, almoft every Perfon in the two Colonies^ 
had loft a Relation or near Friend, fo that every 
Family was in deep Mourning. 

We have already alluded to the Jealoufies then 
exifting between New York and Connefticut, on 
account of difputed Boundaries. The firft News 
of Indian Hoftilities, naturally tilled the Country 

[ xxi ] 

with an Alarm which was frequently renewed during 
the Progrels of the War, as Rumors oi projected 
Malfacres, magnified by the Fears of the Timid or 
the Expofed, were circulated among the Settlers or 
reported to the Governor. Although the Province 
of New York efcaped the Calamities which fell 
upon the New England Colonies, the occafional 
Intercourfe of its Indians with thofe to the Eall- 
ward, efpecially the tributary Dependence in which 
the Tribes upon the eaft End of Long Ifland were 
held by the Narraganfetts, gave juft Reafon to fuf- 
ped: that thefe Indians might be in fecret Alliance 
with their powerful Mafters, and juftified the Meaf- 
ures that were adopted for their Security. 

A prominent Source of Irritation between New 
England and New York, arofe from the Charges 
publicly made by the former, that the hoftile Indians 
were fupplied with Powder and Arms by the latter. 
The Documents which follow, exhibit the Grounds 
upon which this Allegation was made, and the 
Spirit with which it was repelled. They alfo prove 
that the Indians were in fome Degree at leafl aflifted 
by the French in Canada, with whom the Englifli 
were theii nominally at Peace. 

[ xxii ] 

The Government of New York purlued an un- 
deviating Line of Policy with regard to the Indians 
within her Borders, and claimed at all Times the 
exclulive Management of their Affairs ; afferting 
fometimes rudely, at other Times refpedtfully, but 
always firmly, her fole Right of negotiating with 
them. Every Attempt of the neighboring Colo- 
nies to treat with the New York Indians, for Aid 
againft the eaftern and northern Tribes, was met 
with a prompt Refufal, unlefs conduced in the 
Prefence of the Governor or his authorized Agents. 

This Policy, and the Grounds upon which it was 
bafed, were not underftood by thofe who had Occa- 
fion to deal with thefe Indians, and the unpleafant 
Feeling which followed the Failure of informal 
Attempts at Negotiation, has in fome Degree influ- 
enced the public Mind, and imparted to the hiftoric 
Page a Tinge of Prejudice againft the Condud: of 
New York, which is by no means deferved. A 
careful Study of thefe Documents will convince the 
Reader, that whenever proper Courtefy was fliown 
to New York in thefe Tranfadtions, the Subjeft of 
Requeft received proper Attention. 

The warlike Mohawks needed but flight Entreaty 

[ xxiii ] 

to engage in a Purfjit lb congenial to their Tafles, 
and had HoftiHties continued, would doubtlefs have 
aided in an efFeftual Manner, in the War againft 
Philip. Indeed upon feveral Occafions after the 
Peace, they made Inroads upon the Chriftan Indians 
of Natick and other Villages, miftaking them for 
the late Enemies to the Engliih ; and it became 
neceflary to explain to them that their Services were 
not further needed, and to dilluade them from 
Hunting in that Quarter, leaft they might injure 
the friendly Natives. 

The rude and unadorned Style and Language of 
thefe Documents afford an interefling View of the 
Period and the Events to which they relate, and we 
are enabled to catch a Glimpfe of the Manners of 
the Age, the Relations exilHng between the Whites 
and the Indians, the Hopes and Fears of the Colo- 
nUls, and the Light in which thefe Events were 
regarded by the Government of New York, more 
fatisfadlorily perhaps than could have been done by 
any other Means. Should they in any Degree 
anfwer this Purpofe, the Objedt of their Publication 
will be accomplifhed. 


of the 


By M'' Easton' of Rhoad Ifland, 

TRUE Relation of what I km &' 

of Reports &^ my Underfiandhig 

^A|4i, coficerning the Begming ^ Pro- 

grefs of the War ?iow betwee?i the 

EjigliJJj and the Indians. 

In the Winter in the Year 1674, an Indian was 
found dead, and by a Coroner's Inqueft of Plimouth 

1 John Easton, the Author of removed to Newburgh, and then to 

this Account, was the Son of Nicholas Hampton, where he built the firft 

Eallon, who emigrated to New Englifli Houfe, In 1638 he removed 

England with his Sons Peter and to Rhode Ifland, on account of the 

John, in the Spring of 1634, and religious Intolerance he experienced, 

fettled at Ipfvvich. He fubfequently as a Quaker, and the fecond Year after 

[ 2 ] 

Colony iudged murdered.' He was found dead in 
a Hole thro Ice broken in a Pond^ with his Gun 
and fum Foulls by him. Sum Engliih fupofed 
him thrown in, fum Indians y' I iudged intelegabell 
and impartiall in yc Cafe did think he fell in and 
was fo drouned, and that the les did hurt his 
Throat, as the Engliih faid it was cut ;3 but ac- 

fettled at Newport, where he alfo 
built the firft Houfe. In 1641 this 
was burned by the Indians fetting 
Fire on his Lands. In 1640 and 
1653 he was chofcn an Afliftant, 
and from 1650 to 1652, and in 
1654, he was Prefident under the 
firft colonial Charter. From 1672 
to 1674 he held the Office of Gover- 
nor, and died at Newport in 1675. 
His Son John Eafton, held the 
Office of Attorney General of Rhode 
Ifland fifteen Years between 1652 
and 1675, was Deputy Governor in 
1674-1675 ; was feveral Times an 
Affiftant, and from 1690 to 1695 
he was cle£led Governor. He died 
at Newport, Dec. 12, 1705, aged 
88 Years, and was buried in the 
Coddington burial Place. Callender's 
Dljcourjl; p. 125, 148: Peterfin's 
Hift. R. /.—Ed. 

^ He was firft buried by his 
Friends, without an Inveftigation, 
but David, a Tetticut Indian, hav- 
ing noticed fome Bruifes about the 
Head, reported to fome Englifh and 
the Governor of Plymouth ordered 
aninqueft. This proved that fufficient 
Injuries had been received to caufe 
Death without drowning. An Indian 
alfo acknowledged, that while ftand- 
ing on a Hill near the Pond, he faw 
the Murder committed, but being 
fearful for his own Life, at firft was 
unwilling to difclofe it. Ba-^lefi 
Plymouth, ii, 27. — Ed. 

- AiTawomfett Pond, in Middle- 
borough, in the Prefent County of 
Plymouth, Mafs.— Ed. 

^ Other .'\ccoimts ftate that his 
Neck was broken. C. Mathcr.-Y.M. 

[ 3 ] 

noledge yt fumetimes naty Indians wold kill others 
but not as euer they herd to obfcuer as if the dead In- 
dian was not murdered. The dead Indian was caled 
Sanfimun' and a Chriftian y' could read and write. 
Report was he was a bad Man, yt King Philip got 
him to write his Will, and he made the Writing 
for a great Part of the Land to be his, but read as 

1 This India 

s Jot 

MON, alias Waffafamon, of the Maf- 
fachufetts Tribe, who had been con- 
verted to Chriftianity and received 
a partial Courfe of Inftruftion at 
Harvard College. Being well ac- 
quainted with the Englifh Language, 
and able to read and write, he was 
employed as a Teacher at Natick. 
Renouncing his Faith, he went to 
refide with Alexander, Philip's 
Brother, and afterwards with Philip, 
where his Learning made him ufefiil 
as a Secretary. He thus had the 
Means of btcoming thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the Sachem and his 

Incurring the Difpleafure of his 
Employer, or yielding to the Soli- 
citations of his Friend and Inftruftor 
the venerable Eliot, he returned to 
Natick, where, upon Profeffions of 

Repentance, he was again baptized, 
received into the Church, and em- 
ployed as an Inftruftor. Being frc- 
quendy with his Countrymen, he 
gained a full Knowledge of the hof- 
tilc Feeling that was rapidly fprcad- 
ing among them, and going to Ply- 
mouth he imparted this Information 
to the Governor. 

This Advice was at firft difre- 
garded, but Circumftances foon oc- 
curred to ftrengthen his Statement, 
and Philip with feveral of his In- 
dians were examined, but without 
gaining any new Proof of the Alle- 
gation. They were accordingly dif- 
miflcd, under ftrong Sufpicions, and 
Safiamon difappeared foon after. 
His Death occurred early in the 
Spring of 1 674-5 . SaylefsPlymouth 
ii, 27 ; Drake' sBook of Indians, 194 


if it had bin as Philip wrote ; But it came to be 
known, and then he run away from him. 

Now one Indian informed that three Indians had 
murdered him, and Iheued a Coat y' he faid thay 
gave him to confeall them. The Indians report 
y' the Informer had playd away his Coate, and 
thefe Men fent him y<^ Coate, and after demanded 
Pay, and he not to pay, fo acufed them, and kno- 
ing that it wold pleas the Englifh fo to think him 
a beter Chriftian, and the Reporte came y' the 
three Indians had confefed and acufed Philip fo to 
imploy them, and y' y*: Englilli wold hang Philip ; 
fo the Indians wear afraid, and reported y' the 
Englilh had Hatred them (or by threats) to bely 
Philip yt thay might kill him to have his Land, 
and y' if Philip had dun it, it was ther Law fo to 
execute home ther Kings iudged deierved it, y' he 
had no Cafe to hide it.' 

■' Tobias, alias Poggiipcinojfoo, one one of them, before his Execution, 

of Philip's Counfellors, his Son, and confeffing the Murder, but the others 

Mattajhinnamy, were apprehended denying it to the laft. One of the 

and tried by a Jury confifting of abfurd Grounds of Evidence that 

four Indians and twelve Whites, influenced the Jury is thus related 

On the 8th of June, 1675, two of by Dr. Increafe Mather: " When 

them were hung, and a few Days Tobias (die fufpedcd Murderer) 

after the third was (hot, at Plymouth, came near the dead Body, it fell a 

[ 5 ] 

So Philip kept his Men in Armes. Phmoth 
Gouerner required him to dilhand his Men, and 
informed him his Jealoufy was fake. Phihp an- 
fwered he would do no Harm, and thanked the 
Governer for his Information.' 

The three Indians wer hunge, to the laft denied 
the Fadl ; but one broke the Halter as it is reported, 
then defired to be fayed, and fo was a littell while, 
then confelfed they three had dun the Fad: ; 
and then he was hanged.- And it was reported 
Saufunun before his death had informed of the 
Indian Plot, and y' if the Indians knew it they 
wold kill him, and that the Hethen might deftroy 
the Englifli for their Wickednefs, as God had per- 
mitted the Heathen to deftroy the Ifraellites of olde. 
So the Englilh wear afraid and Philip was afraid, 

bleeding on frcfh, as if it had been againft him, marching from Place 
newly llain ; albeit, it was buried a to Place with his Men in Arms, 
confiderable Time before that." and receiving all ftrange Indians 
Mather's Relation, 75 ; Drake's who came to him. Bai/efs Ply- 
Book of Indians, 195. — Ed. mouth, ii, 28. — Ed. 

1 Other Accounts flate that Philip " This Circumftance is not men- 
paid no attention to the Court, and tioned by other Contemporaries. — 
made no Effort to free himfelf from Ed. 
the Sufpicions that were aroufed 

[ (^ ] 

and both increfed in Arems. But for four Yeares 
Time, Reports and lealofys of War had bin veri 
frequent, y' we did not think y' now a War was 
breaking forth ;• but about a Week before it did,^ 
we had Cafe to think it wold. Then to indever 
to prevent it, we fent a Man to PhiHp, y' if he 
wold cum to the Fery we wold cum over to fpeke 
with him. About four Miles we had to cum ; 
thither our Meflenger cum to them ; they not 

1 Strong Sufpicions of Indian Hof- 
tilities had arifcn in the Spring of 
1 67 1, occafioned by warlike Pre- 
parations on the Part of Philip and 
Men on Account of fomc Injury 
alleged to have been done to his 
planting Ground. The Maflachu- 
fetts Government, anxious to pre- 
ferve Peace, fent Agent: 
between the Parties, and 
of April a Conference v 
at the Meeting Houfc : 
Philip rcprefented that hi; 
tions were defigncd to proteft him- 
felf from the Narraganfetts, but on 
its being fhown that his Relations 
with that Tribe were never more 
friendly, he acknowledged the Char- 
ges and figned a Covenant in which 

to mediate 
on the 1 2th 
■as obtained 
n Taunton. 

he agreed to remain friendly to the 
Colonifts, and to deliver up to the 
Government of New Plymouth all 
his Englilh Arms, to be kept by them 
for their Security fo long as they 
might fee Reafon. Hubbard, Math- 
er, Hutchinfon, Bayley, Sec. Ano- 
ther Conference was held in Sep- 
tember of the fame Year. A Letter 
from the Governor of New York, 
on the Subjeft of thefe Rumors of 
Hoftility, will be found in a fubfe- 
quent Page of this Volume. — Ed. 

^ This Indian War began June 
24th, 1675, at Swanfea, and ended 
with the Death of Philip, Aug. 12, 
1676, at Pokanoket. — Ed 

[7 ] 

aware of it behaved themfelves as furious, but fud- 
ingly apeafed when they underftood who he was 
and what he came for, he called his Counfell and 
agreed to cum to us ; came himfelf unarmed, and 
about 40 of his Men armed. Then 5 of us went 
over, 3 wear Magiftrates. We fate veri friendly 
together.' We told him our bifnes was to indever 
that they might not refeue or do Rong. They 
faid that was well ; they had dun no Rong, the 

1 No other Hirtorian of" this War It is faid that fhortly before the 
has given an Account of this Ncgo- War of 1675 began, the Governor 
tiation. The Relations cxilVing be- of MafTachufctts fent to inquire of 
twccn the Indians and the Govern- Philip why he would war upon the 
mcnt of Rhode Ifland, had been Englifh, and to requcft him to cuter 
friendly frotn the Beginning, and into a Treaty. The Sachem re- 
all the Engagements on the Part of plied: "Your Governor is but a 
the Englifli had been fulfilled with Subjeft of King Charles of England ; 
fcrupulous Exaftnefs. Mr. Roger I fliall not treat with a Subjcft, I 
Williams relates that he had obtained fliall treat of Peace only with the 
by Love and Favor the Title of King my Brother. When he comes 
Rhode Ifland, which could not have I am ready." 0/d Indian Chroni- 
been purchafed by Price or Money, clc, 68. The Rcfpcft and Confi- 
and that the Indians, always fhy and dence which the People of Rhode 
jealous of felling their Lands, chofe Ifland had acquired with the In- 
rather to make a Grant of them to dians, fccured a Hearing for their 
I'uch as they eftcemed. The Gra- pacific Overtures on the above Oc- 
tuities however expedled in return, cafion, at a Time when probably 
often made thefc Gifts a very dear no other Englifh could ha\'e fafely 
Bargain. CaUender's Dijlotirfe, ?,<^. folicired an Interview.— Ed. 

[ 8 ] 

Englifli ronged them. We faid we knew the 
Englilli faid the Indians ronged them, and the In- 
dians faid the Enghfli ronged them, but our Defier 
was the Quarrell might rightly be defided, in the 
beft Way, and not as Dogs defided their Quarrells. 
The Indians owned y' fighting was the worft Way ; 
then they propounded how Right might take 
Place. We faid, by Arbitration. They faid that 
all Englifh agreed againfi: them, and fo by Arbitra- 
tion they had had much Rong ; mani Miles fquare 
of Land fo taken from them, for Englifh wold 
have Englifli Arbitrators ; and once they were 
perfuaded to give in their Armes, y' thereby Jea- 
loufy might be removed,' and the Englifli having 

1 Tlic Conference at Taunton, propofed that Commiffioners from 

April 12, 1671, is here referred to. the feveral United Colonies fliould 

All the Arms which Philip's Men meet at Plymouth for a Difcuffion 

had with them on that Occafion and Settlement of the exifting Dif- 

were given up, and they agreed to ferences. This Meeting occurred 

bring in the Remainder at Plymouth Sept. 29th, 1671, and "Philip 

by a certain Time. But this for again acknowledged his OfFence, 

fDme Reafon was not done. The and was appointed to give a Sum of 

Government at Bofton being looked Money to defray the Charges which 

to as an Umpire, a Complaint was his infolent Clamors had put the 

made to them by the Colony of Colony unto." Mather's Relation, 

New Plymouth. Philip appeared 73. The Sum agreed upon, as 

in Perfon, and by his plaufible Ad- ftated in the Text, was .£100, pay- 

drefs quieted all Apprehenfions, and able in three Years. He alfo agreed 

[ 9 ] 
their Arms wold not deliver them as they had pro- 
mifed, untill they confented to pay a loo'^, and 
now they had not fo much Sum or Muny ; y' thay 
wear as good be kiled as leave all ther Liuefly- 

We faid they might chufe a Indian King and 
the Englifh might chufe the Governor of New 
Yorke,2 yt nether had Cafe to fay either wear Parties 

" to fend unto the Governor, or 
whom he fhall appoint, five Wolves' 
Heads, if he can get them, or as 
many as he can procure, until they 
come to five Wolves' Heads yearly." 
The Difarming of the Indians was 
continued through the Spring and 
Summer of 1 67 1. Drake's Book of 
the Indians, 204. — Ed. 

1 The Indians of New England 
were firft taught the Ufe of Fire- 
arms by Thomas Morton, an un- 
principled and dangerous Adven- 
turer, who came over with Captain 
Wolafton in 1622, in the Capacity 
of a Servant, and fettled in the pre- 
fent Town of Quincy. In the 
Abfence of Wolafton he fucceeded 
in perfuading his Aflociates to throw 
off all Obligation to their Mafter, 
and they fell into the moft riotous 

Excefles. The neighboring Settle- 
ments becoming alarmed, united in 
fupprcfiing this Nuifance, and Mor- 
ton was fent a Prifoner to England 
in 1628. Bradford's Hift. of Ply- 
mouth Plantation, 238. At the Time 
of Philip's War, the Ufe of Fire- 
arms had become general among the 
Indians throughout New England, 
moftly fuperceding the primitive 
Weapons of the Natives, and form- 
ing an indifpenfable Means of Suc- 
cefs in Hunting. — Ed. 

2 Sir Edmund Andros, was at this 
Time Governor of New York, but 
at the breaking out of the War, he 
was abfent in England, and the 
Government was adminiftered by 
Capt. Anthony Brockholls the Lieu- 
tenant Governor.— Ed. 

in the Diferance. They faid they had not heard 
of y' Way, and faid we oneftly fpoke, fo we wear 
perfwaided if y' Way had bine tendered they would 
have acfepted. We did endeaver not to hear their 
Complaints, faid it was not convenient for us now 
to confider of, but to indever to prevent War ; faid 
to them when in War againft Englifli, Blood was 
fpilt, y' ingaged all Englifhmen, for we wear to be 
all under one King; we knew what their Com- 
plaints wold be, and in our Colony had removed 
fome of them in fending for Indian Rulers in what 
the Crime concerned Indians Lives, which thay 
veri lovingly acfepted, and agreed with us to their 
Execution, and faid fo they were abell to fatisfie 
their Subjedls when they knew an Indian fufered 
duly, but faid in what was only between their In- 
dians and not in Townefliipes, y' we had purchafed, 
they wold not have us profecute, and y' that thay 
had a great Fear to have ani of ther Indians fhould 
be caled or forced to be Chriftian Indians.' Thay 

1 The Narraganfets in particular. The Priefts and Sachems imagined 

made it a Matter of public Policy to that the Prevalence of the Gofpel 

oppofe the Propagation of the would put an End to their Authority, 

Chriftian Religion among them, and aldiough Mr. Roger Williams 

L ^^ ] 

faid y' fuch wer in everi thing more milchievous, 
only Difemblers, and then the Englifh made them 
not fubjed: to ther Kings, and by their lying to 
rong ther Kings. We knew it to be true, and 
we promifing them y' however in Government 
to Indians all fhould be alike, and y' we knew it 
was our King's will it fhould be fo, y' altho we 
wear weaker than other Colonies, they having fub- 
mitted to our King to protedl them, others dared 
not otherwife to molefl them ; expreffed thay took 
that to be well, that we had littell Cafe to doute, 
but that to us under the King thay would have 
yielded to our Determinations in what ani Ihould 
have complained to us againft them. 

But Philip charged it to be dilbneftly in us to 
put of the Hering to iuft Complaints, therefore we 

at firft attempted to Inllruft the fetts, Plymouth, Martha's Vineyard 

Natives in religious Matters, upon and Nantucket, but even among the 

longer Acquaintance he appears to praying Towns in which Gookin 

have changed his Opinion on this enumerates about 1150 Indians in 

Subject. Callender's Difcourfe, 136; 1 674, in fix Years after, Eliot claimed 

Coll. R. I. Hijl. Soc, iii, 9; Bay- but four out of fourteen Towns with 

ley's Plymouth,')!, 16. Better Refults fome 300 Souls. Some had joined 

followed the Labors of Eliot, the Philip and the others had been much 

Mayhews, and others in Maflachu- fcattered. — Ed. 

L ^2 J 

conlented to hear them. Thay faid thay had bine 
the firft in doing Good to the Englifh, and the 
Enghfh the firft in doing Rong; faid when the 
EngHlh firft came, their King's Father was as a great 
Man, and the Enghfh as a httell Child;' he con- 
ftrained other Indians from ronging the Enghfh, 
and gave them Corn and fhewed them how to 
plant, and was free to do them ani Good, and had 
let them have a loo Times more Land than now 
the King had for his own Peopell. But ther 
King's Brother, when he was King, came miferably 
to dy by being forced to Court, as they iudge 

^ Maflafoit, the Father of Philip, all the fouthern Part of Maflachu- 

and Chief of the Wampanogas, at fetts, from Cape Cod to Narragan- 

theTimeofthcArrivaloftheEnglifli fett Bay. 'iioie io Bradford's Hiji. 

at Plymouth, dwelt at Sowams, in of Plymouth Plantation, p. 94. So 

the prefent Town of Warren, R. I., gready were the Settlers of Plymouth 

and his People occupied the Region reduced by Sicknefs and Famine, in 

now conftituting Briftol, Harrington, the early Years of their Refidence, 

and Warren, in Rhode Ifland, with that they muft have fallen an eafy 

Parts of Seekonk and Swanzea in Prey to any concealed Plan of Hof- 

MafTachufetts. This Tribe, with tilities. The Kindnefs and Affiftance 

others of New England, had a few which they received from the Na- 

Years before been greatly reduced Uves is gratefully acknowledged by 

by an Epidemic. The Dominion feveral of their early Annalifts. — 

of Maflafoit extended over nearly Ed. 

[ 13 J 

poyfoned.' And another Greavance was, if 20 of 
there oneft Indiand teftified that a Englilhman had 
dun them Rong, it was as nothing ; and if but one 
of their worft Indians teftified againll any Indian 
or ther King, when it pleafed tlie Englifli it was 
fufitiant. Another Grievance was, when their King 
fold Land, the EngHfh wold fay, it was more than 
they agreed to, and a Writing muft be prove againft 
all them, and fum of their Kings had dun Rong to 
fell fo much. He left his Peopell none, and fum 
being given to Drunknes the Englifh made them 

he agreed to do. He failed to attend, 
and Circumftances appearing to con- 
firm the Reports, Major Winflow 
was ordered to bring him before 
them by Force. This Party furprifcd 
the Sachem and about eighty of his 
Men, and having fecured their Arms 
made known their Inftruftions. He 
at firft "fell into a raging PafTion 
at this Surprife, faying that the 
Governor had no Reafon to credit 
Rumors, or to fend for him in fuch 
a Way, nor would he go to Plymouth 
but when he faw Caufe." (J. Mat- 
ther). Yielding to the Advice of 
his Interpreter (a Brother of John 

^ Alexander, alias Wamfutta the 
elder Son of Malfafoit, fucceeded 
to his Authority upon the Death of 
the latter in the Winter of 1 66 1 -2. 
He had married Weetamoo, Squaw- 
Sachem of Pocaflet, and thus ex- 
tended his Influence with the Natives. 
From his Conduft in 1 662, towards 
thcNarraganfetts his ancient Enemies, 
Sufpicions were raifed that he might 
be plotting Mifchief againft the 
Englifh, and the Governor of Ply- 
mouth appointed Captain Willet, 
who lived near the Refidence of 
Alexander, to defire him to attend 
the next Court at Plymouth, which 

[ h] 

drunk and then cheated them in Bargains, but now 
ther Kings wear forwarned not for to part with 
Land, for nothing in Cumparifon to the Value 
thereof. Now home the Englifti had owned for 
King or Queen, they wold dilinheret, and make 
another King that wold give or fell them thefe 
Lands ; that now, they had no Hopes left to 
kepe ani Land. Another Grievance, the Englifli 
Catell and Horfes ftill increfed; that when thay 
removed 30 Mill from where Englilh had ani thing 
to do, thay could not kepe ther Corn from being 

SafTamon) he went with them. On Fear or Policy, had induced him 
his Way being taken fick, he was to yield an outward Compliance, 
received and nurfed at the Houfe of and fubfcribe to the written Condi- 
Mr. Window, but his Malady in- tions which they impofcd, but the 
creafing, his Followers entreated Interval was bufily occupied in ma- 
thofe that held him Frifoner that he turing his Schemes, and engaging the 
might have leave to return. He Alliance of the neighboring Tribes, 
was accordingly difmifled with the The Spring of 1676 is faid to 
Promife of fending his Son as a have been agreed upon as the Time 
Hoflage tiU he could appear, and for commencing Hoftilities, but the 
died on his Way Home. (Mather; Death of Saffamon, and the Trial 
Hubbard.) Philip and Weetamoo and Executions which followed, are 
always believed he was poifoned, believed to have led to a Rupture 
and from this Time, without Doubt, before his Plans were matured. — 
a deep and fetded Purpofe of Ven- Ed. 
geance was harbored by Philip. 

[ M ] 

fpoyled, thay never being iuled to fence, and thoft 
when the Englifh boft Land of them thay wold 
have kept their Catell upon ther owne Land. 
Another Grievance, the EngHfh were fo eager to 
fell the Indians Lickers, y' moft of the Indians fpent 
all in Drynknes, and then raueved upon the fober 
Indians, and thay did believe often did hurt the 
Englifli Catell, and ther King could not prevent it. 

We knew before, thefe were their grand Com- 
plaints, but then we only indevered to perfuaid 
y' all Cumplaints might be righted without War, 
but could have no other Anfwer but that thay had 
not heard of that Way for the Governor of Yorke 
and an Indian King to have the Hearing of it. We 
had Cafe to think in y' had bine tendered it wold 
have bine acfepted. We indevered y' however thay 
fliould lay doune the War, for the Englifli wear to 
ftrong for them ; thay faid, then the Englifh fhould 
do to them as they did when thay wear to ftrong 
for the Englifli. 

So we departed without ani Difcurtioufnefs, and 
fudingly had Letter from Plimoth Governor thay 
intended in Arms to conforem Philip, but no In- 
formation what yf was thay required or w' Termes 

[ i6 ] 

he refufed to have their Quarrell delided ; and in a 
Weke's Time after we had bine with the Indians 
the War thus begun.' PUmouth Soldiers were 
cum to have their Head Quarters within lo Miles 
of Philip ; then moft of the Englifh thereabout 
left there Houfes, and we had Leter from Plimouth 
Governor to delier our Help with fum Boats if 
thay had fuch Ocation, and for us to looke to our 
felfs ; and from the Generall at the Quarters we had 
Leter of the Day thay intended to cum upon the 
Indians, and defier for fum of our Boats to attend. 
So we took it to be of Nefefity for our leflanders 
one half one Day and Night to atend and the other 
half the next, fo by Turnes for our owne Safety. In 
this Time fum Indians fell a pilfering fum Houfes 
yt the Englifh had left, and a old Man and a Lad 
going to one of thefe Houfes did fee three Indians 
run out thereof. The old Man bid the young 

1 The Execution of the alleged plundering the Houfes of the Eng- 
Murderers of Saflamon, greatly ir- lifh, on the 24th of June, 1675. 
ritated the Indians, infomuch that Irritated at this, the Indians were 
Philip, fending the Wives and fired upon, and one was wounded. 
Children of his Tribe for Protec- Accounts differ fomewhat in rela- 
tion to the Narraganfctts, allowed tion to the Manner in which Hof- 
his young Men to commence Ag- tilities commenced. — Ed. 
greffions by killing the Cattle and 

[ ^7] 

Man llioot; fo he did, and a Indian fell doune, but 
got away againe. It is reported y' fum Indians 
came to the Garelbn, afked why they iliot the In- 
dian. Thay alTced whether he was dead. The 
Indians faid yea. A Englifh Lad faied it was no 
Mater. The Men indevered to inform them it was 
but an idell Lad's Words, but the Indians in hafte 
went away and did not hearken to them. The 
next Day, the Lad that (hot the Indian, and his 
Father, and fief Englifh Men wear killed fo the War 
begun with Philip.' But ther was a Queen y' I knew 

1 An Account printed foon after Son away), as he was going out of 

this War in London, and repub- the Houfe was fet on and fhot by 

lifhed in Bofton in 1836, with others Indians. His Wife being not far 

under the Tide of the 0/(/ /»<//«» off, heard the Guns go ofF, went 

Chronicle, gives the following Ver- back," and fell into their Hands, 

fion of this Event. " By this Time Difhonored and aftervvards fcalped 

the Indians have killed feveral of by them, fhe immediately died, 

our Men, but the iirfl that was killed and her Son was at the fame Time 

was June 23, a Man at Swanfey ; fcalped. " They alfo the next Day 

that he and his Family had left his killed fix or feven Men at Swanfey, 

Houfe amongft the Reft of the In- and two more at one of the Garri- 

habitants, and adventuring with his fons ; and as two Men went out of 

Wife and Son (about twenty Years one of the Garrifons to draw a 

olc) to go to his Houfe to fetch them Bucket of Water, they were Ihot 

Corn, and fuch like Things (he and carried away." Drake's Book 

having juft before fent his Wife and of the Indians, 209.— Ed. 

[ ^8 ] 

was not a Party with Philip, and Plimoth Governor 
recumended her y' if fhe wold cum to our lefland 
it wold be well fhee defired fhee might if it w^ear 
but with but fix of her Men.' I can fufitiantly 
prove, but it is to large here to relate, that fhee had 
praftifed much the Quarell might be decided with- 
out War ; but fum of our Englilh allfo, in Fury 
againft all Indians, wold not confent fhee fhould 
be refeved to our lefland although I profered to be 
at all the Charge to fecuer her and thofe fliee 
defired to cum with her ; fo at length prevailed we 
might fend for her ; but one Day acfedentaly we 

1 This Indian Queen was un- her People, induced her to decline 
doubtedly Awalhonks, Squaw Sa- the Invitation and to confent to 
chem of Sogkonate (Seconet), the place herfelf under the Proteftion 
Wife of an Indian, called Tolony. of the Englilh. He advifed her to 
Her Refidence was on a Peninfula pafs over to Rhode Ifland for Se- 
on the northeaft Side of Narragan- curity, and proceeded to Plymouth 
fet Bay, oppofite the Ifland of Rhode to make Arrangements according to 
Ifland, and now chiefly included in this Agreement. He arrived June 
the Town of Compton, R. I. A 7, but was prevented from return- 
few Days before the War com- ing by the Outbreak of Hoftilities, 
menced, Philip fent fix of his War- and the good-hearted Awafhonks 
riors to invite her to join him in it. was conftrained, though reluftantly, 
Mr. Benjamin Church, who after- to join Philip. Drake's Book of the 
wards adled a confpicuous Part in Indians, 249 ,• Bnyley's Plymouth, 
the War, and who had lived with ii, 28, 32. Church.— Ed. 
his Family a Year in the midft of 

[ 19 ] 

wear prevented, and then our Men had leafed lum 
Cannes on her Side, lupoling they wear Phihp's, 
and the next Day a EngHlh Houfe was there burned 
and Milchief of either Side indevered to the other, 
and much dun, her Houfe burned ; and fo we wear 
prevented of ani Menes to atain hir. The Englifh 
Army cam not downe as informed thay wold, fo 
PhiUp got over, and they could not find him. 
Three Days after, thay came doune, had a veri 
flormy Night, y' in the Morning the Foote wear 
difabled to return. Before they had Refrefhment, 
thay wear free to acfept, as we wear willing to re- 
lieve them, I but .... Trupers fayed of their Cap- 

^ The Government of Maflachii- the Indians, it was decided to march 

fetts at firft imagined that Hoftilities to Mount Hope where Philip was 

might be averted by Mediation, but ported. The Inclemency of the 

were quickly undeceived, and on Weather prevented an immediate 

the 26th of June, they difpatched a Execution of this Purpofe for feveral 

Company of Infantry and of Horfe Days, which Delay was improved 

to Mount Hope, to aid the Ply- by the Indians in efFefting their 

mouth Forces already in the Field. Elcape by Water, and when the 

They reached Swanfcy in two Days, Troops finally proceeded, they met 

deprefled with gloomy Forebodings only with revolting Trophies of 

from a lunar Eclipfe, in which the Maffacre and Defolation. The 

Superftitious read a melancholy Quarters lately occupied by the 

Omen of the divine Difpleafure. Enemy were found deferted, with 

After feveral fharp Encounters with Evidences of their precipitate Flight. 

[ 20 ] 

taine they defpifed it, and fo left the Foote. After 
the Foote had refrefhed themfelfs they alfo re- 
turned to their head Quarters, and after hunt[ing] 
PhiUp from all fea Shores, y' thay could not tell 
what was becum of him, the Naroganfet Kings 
informed us y' the Queen aforefaid muft be in a 
Thicket, a ftarving or conformed to Philip ; but 
thay knew Ihee wold be glad to be from them, fo 
from us had Incuragement to get her and as mani 
as they could from Philip.' 

Finding no Enemy, General Cud- through the Influence of Mr. Ben- 

deback with fome of" the Plymouth jamin Church, friendly Relations 

Forces pafled over to Rhode Illand were reftored between her and the 

to obtain better Shelter than could Englifh. She offered to join her 

be found at Mount Hope, while Forces with thofe of the Colonifls 

Major Savage with the MafTachu- againft the Enemies of the latter, on 

fetts Troops, remained in the open Condition that fhe and all of her 

Fields through an inclement Night, Warriors with their Wives fhould 

and the next Morning returned to have their Lives fpared, and that 

Swanfey. Baykfs Plymouth, ii, 38. none of them fhould be tranfported 

— Ed. out of the Country. This Treaty 

^The Afhftance which Awafh- was never afterwards broken. About 

onks rendered to Philip was more the Year 1 700 there were one hun- 

from Fear or Policy than from In- 

dred Men of this Tribe, and about 

clination. She and her People ap- 

1760, a mortal Fever fwept off 

pear to have fpent the Winter with 

many. A Remnant was living in 

the Enemy on the Frontiers of Maf- 

Compton in 1803. Drake's Book 

fachufctts, and in June, 1676. 

of the Indians, 252.— Ed. 

[ 21 ] 

After the Englifli Army, without our Conlent 
or informing us, came into our Colony, brought 
the Naroganfet Indians to Articles of Agreement 
to them.' Philip being flead, about a 150 Indians 
came in to a Plimouth Garrifon volentarley. Pli- 
mouth Authority fould all for Slafes (but about lix 
of them) to be carried out of the Country.- It is 

1 The Maflachufetts Government 
had given Orders for their Troops to 
proceed to the Narraganfett Country 
and prevent any Aid being rendered 
by them to Philip. Part ot the 
Country occupied by theie Indians 
was found abandoned, and feveral 
Days elapfed before they met with any 
Indians with whom to treat. At 
length four Men were found, whom 
the Englifh ftyled Sachems, and a 
Treaty in the Name of the whole 
Tribe, fecured by Hoftages, and 
moft humiliating in its Condidons, 
was drawn up, and figncd on the 
15th of July, 1675. This Treaty 
was held at Pettyquamfott, now 
Narrow River. By this Agreement, 
the Narraganletts were bound to the 
impoflibleTafkoffeizingall and eve- 
ry of Philip's Subjefts, and bringing 
them dead or alive to the Englifli ; 
they were to kill them wherever 

found, and to reftore all ftolen 
Goods. A large Reward was pro- 
mifed for Philip delivered alive, or 
for his Head if (lain. B^yley's Ply- 
mouth, ii, 48 ,• Drake's Book of In- 
dians, 2 1 1 . — Ed. 

^ Soon after the Deftruction of 
Dartmouth, a Party of Indians who 
had not been concerned in the Out- 
rage, were induced to furrender 
through Perfuafion and Promifes 
and were taken to Plymouth where 
the Government ordered the whole, 
to the Number of about one hun- 
dred and fixty, to be fold as Slaves. 
Bay/cy's Plymouth, ii, 47. " In the 
beginning of the War, Capt. Mof- 
eley capaired eighty who were con- 
fined at Plymouth. In September 
following, one hundred and eighty 
Captives were put on boarda Veflel 
commanded by Captain Sprague, 

[ 22 ] 

true the Indians genaraly are very barbarous Peopell 
but in this War I have not heard of their torment- 
ing ani, but y' the Englifh Army cote an old Indian 
and tormented him. He was well knone to have 
bine a long Time a veri decrepid and harmlefs In- 
dian of the Queen's.' As Philip fled the forefaid 
Queen got to the Naroganfets, and as manni of her 
Men as fhe could get, but one Part of the Naro- 
ganfets Agreement to Bofton was to kill or deliver 
as mani as they could of Philip's Peopell, therefore 
Bofton Men demanded the fore faid Queene and 
others y' thay had fo refeved ; for which the In- 
dians wear unfree, and made mani Excufes, as that 
the Queen was none of them, and fum others 

who failed with them from Plymouth tion, and in their Eagernefs to ac- 
forSpain." Drake's Book of Indians, ccmplilh this Purpofe, friendly In- 
224. In Rhode Ifland, Numbers dians and thofe who had furrendered 
of Indian Captives were fold into themfelves under Pledges of Pro- 
Servitude for a limited Time. — Ed. teftion were in feveral Cafes mafla- 
cred. In September, 1675, an 
' While this Reputation of For- Indian Prifoner was executed in 
bearance from Cruelties on the Part Bofton, to appeafe the Fury of the 
of the Indians is fcarcely fuftained Mob, " in a Manner fo revolting, 
by the Evidence of cotemporary that were the Truth alone related. 
Records, that of Barbarity to the the Reader's Belief might be con- 
Indian Prifoners by the Englilh is founded. Drake's Boston, 410. — 
abundandy proven. The War was Ed. 
upon both Sides one of Extermina- 

r 23 ] 

wear but Sudierners with Philip becafe removed by 
the Englifh having got their Land, and wear of 
their Kindred, which we kno is true, not but we 
think they did flielter mani thay fhould not, and 
yt they did kno fum of their Men did affift Philip, 
but according to their barbarous Ruells thay ac- 
counted fo was no Rong, or they could not help it. 
But fum enemies Heds thay did fend in, and told 
us thay wear informed y' however when Winter 
came thay might be fuer the Englifli wold be their 
Enemies. And fo thay flood doubtful for about 5 
Months. The Englifli wear iealous that there was 
a generall Plot of all Indians againft Englifli ; and 
the Indians wear in like Manner iealous of the 
Englifli. I think it was generall, y' thay wear 
unwilling to be ronged, and y' the Indians did iudg 
the Englifli partiall againft them, and among all a 
philthy Crue y' did delire and indever for War ; 
and thofe of any Solidety wear againft it, and in- 
devered to prevent the War.' For conferning Philip 

1 Although there were well ground- Colonies appointed Governor Wins- 

ed Sufpicions that the Narraganfetts low. Commander in Chief of all 

were in fecret Alliance with Philip, their Forces, and made Arrange- 

War was not openly declared againft ments for an active Winter Cam- 

them until November following, paign. Moore's Lives of Governors 

The Commiffioners of the United ofN. Plymouth.— ^x>. 

[ 24] 

we have good Intelligence y' he advifed fum Eng- 
lilh to be gone from ther out Plafes where they 
lived or they wear in Danger to be killed ; but 
whether it wear to prevent a War, or by their Prefts 
informed if thay begun thay fhould be beaten, and 
otherwife not, fo we have good Intelligence ; for I 
do think moft of them had a Delire the Englifh 
would begin ; and if the Englifh be not carefull to 
manifeft the Indians mai expeft Equity from them, 
thay mai have more Enemies than thay wold, and 
more Cafe of Jelofy.' 

The Report is, yt to y= Eftward the War thus 
begun, by fuppoling y' fum of thole Indians were 
at a Fight in thefe Parts, and y' thear thay faw a 
Man wounded, fo Authority fent fum forth to dis- 
cufer, having before difarmed thofe Indians and 
confined them to a Place which the Indians wear 

1 " Tradition iays : ' He was on and increafc the Deftruction of 

forced on by the Fury of his young his People,' and the Event proved 

Men fore againtl his own Judgment he judged right." The Powaws had 

and Inclination ; and that though given out an ambiguous Oracle, in 

he forefaw and foretold the Englifh which they promifed the Indians 

would in Time by their Induftry would be fuccefsful, if the Englifh 

root out all the Indians, yet he was fired the firfl Gun , and that no 

againfl making War with them, as Englifhman fhould ever kill Philip, 

what he thought would only hurry Callender^s Dijcourjc, i 26. — Ed. 

[ 25 ] 

not ofended at ; but thele Men coming upon them 
in a warlike Poftuer, they fled ; y' the Men cote 
but 3 of them. Thofe in Authority fent out againe 
to excufe themfelfs, but thay could only cum to the 
Spech with one Man ; as he kept out of their Rech, 
thay excufed themfelfs and faid his Father was not 
hurt ; one of them thay had taken. He faid he 
could not believe them, for if it was fo, thay wold 
have broft him ; thay had bin defaitfull to difarm 
them, and fo wold have killed them all ; and fo he 
run away, and then Englifli wear killed, and the 
Report is, y' up in the Country here away thay had 
demanded the Indians' Armes, and went againe to 
parrell with them, and the Indians by Ambuflicade 
tretcheroufly killed 8 y« wear going to treat with 

When Winter was cum we had Leter from 

1 This account appears to be an received from the Englifli, and the 

incorreft Report of the Proceedings latter having the next Year enticed 

againft the Indians under Wonolan- about 400 Indians within their 

cet, in the Country of the Merri- Power, fold into foreign Slavery or 

mack in September, 1675. As this executed more than half of this 

Tranfaftion is elfcwhere reported. Number. Drake's Book of Indians, 

the Indians exhibited an unparalleled 279. — Ed. 
Forbearance under the Injuries they 


Bofton of the iunited Comitioners that thay wear 
refolved to reduce the Naroganfets to Conformity, 
not to be trubled with them ani more, and defered 
fum Help of Botes and otherwife, if we faw Cafe, 
and y' we fhould kepe Secret conferning it.' Our 
Governor fent them Word we wear fatesfied Nar- 
raganfets wear tretcherous, and had ayded Phihp, 

1 The CommilTioners of the 
United Colonies met at Bofton, 
September 9, 1675, at which thofe 
of Plymouth laid before their Body 
a Narrative of the Origin and Pro- 
grcfs of the War. Upon receiving 
this they at once declared War 
againfl the Indians, and agreed to 
raife a thoufand Soldiers of whom 
half were to be Dragoons. Thefe 
Troops were levied upon the fever- 
al Colonies in the following Pro- 
portion : Maflachufetts 527, Ply- 
moudi 158, Conneaicut 315. To 
encourage volunteer Parties, the 
Plunder which they might obtain, 
whether Goods or Pcrfons, was 
promifcd to the Captors, and Boun- 
ties were offered to friendly Indians 
for fiich Captives of the Enemy as 
they might bring in. Although the 
Narraganfctts had been fufpefted to 


; Plar 

Individuals of that Tribe had been 
found openly engaged in Arms 
againft the Englifh, it does not ap- 
pear that they had fully and openly 
commenced Holfilitiesat this Time. 
In Oftober, 1675, a written En- 
gagement had been renewed by fe- 
veral Sachems of the Tribe in which 
they engaged to deliver up every 
Indian belonging to Philip, the Po- 
caffet Squaw (Weetamoo, former 
Wife ofAlexander, Philip's brother), 
Saconet, Ouabaug, Hafley, or other 
hoftile Indians. This Agreement 
had been evaded, and the united 
Colonies were in Confequence in- 
duced to undertake their Extermina- 
tion. At another Meeting the Force 
formerly ordered was increafed, and 
their united Forces were placed 
under the Command of Jofias 
Winllow of Plymouth Colony. 

[ 27] 
and as we had afifted to relive ther Army before, 
(o we fliould be ready to afift them ftill, and advifed 
y' Termes might be tendred y' fuch might expedl 
Compation y^ would acfept not to ingag in War, 
and y' ther might be a Separation betwene the 
Gilty and the Inofent which in War could not be 
expedted, we not in the left expedling thay wold 
have begun the War and not before proclaimed it, 
or not give them Defianc. 

I having often informed the Indians y' Englifh 
Men wold not begin a War, otherwife it was brut- 
ifli fo to do. I am forry fo the Indians have Cafe 
to think me defaitfuU, for the Englifli thus began 
the War with the Naroganfets, we having fent ofe 
our lefland mani Indians and informed them if 
thay kept by the water Side and did not medell ; 
y' however the Englifh wold do them no Harem, 
altho it was not fave for us to let them live here. 
The Army firft take all thofe Prifoners then fell 
upon Indian Houfes, burned them and killed lum 
Men. The War [began] without Proclamation, 
and fum of our Peopell did not kno the Englifli 
had begun Mifchief to Indians, and being confe- 
dent and had Cafe therefore ; y' the Indians wold 

not hurt them before the Enghfh begun, fo did not 
kepe ther Garefon exadily ; but the Indians having 
refeued y' Mifchief came unexpedled upone them, 
deftroyed 1 45 of them befide other great Lofs, but 
the Enghfli Army fay thay fupofed Conetecot 
Forces had bine there. Thay folde the Indians 
yt thay had taken as afoerfaid, for Slafes, but one 
old Man yt was caried of our lefland upone his 
Sun's Back he was fo decreped could not go, and 
when the Army tooke them upon his Back caried 
him to the Garifon, fum wold have had him de- 
voured by Doges, but the Tendernes of fum of 
them prevailed to cut ofe his Head; and after came 
fudingly upon the Indians whear the Indians had 
prepared to defend themfelfs, and fo refeved and 
did much Mifchief, and for aboute fix Weeks fine 
hath bine fpent as for both Parties to recruet. And 
now the Englifli Army is out to feeke after the In- 
dians, but it is moft lickly y' fuch moft abell to do 
Mifchief will efcape, and Women and Children and 
Impotent mai be deftroyed, and fo the moft abell 
will have the lefs Incumbranc to do Mifchief' 

1 The memorable fwamp Fight at the Time the above Narrative 
of Dec. 18, 19, had not occurred was written. In this languinary 

[ ^9 j 

But I am confident it wold be beft for the 
Englifh and Indians y' a Peas wear made upone 
oneft Terems, for each to have a dew Propriety and 
to enioy it without Opretion or lufurpation by one 
to the other, but the Enghfh dear not truft the 
Indian's Promifes, nether the Indians to the Eng- 
Hflies Promifes ; and each have gret Cafe therefor. 
I fee no Way Hkely, but if a SelTation from Arems 
might be procured untill it might be known what 
Terems King Charles wold propound; for we have 
gret Cafe to think the Naroganfet Kings wold truft 
our King, and y' thay wold have acfepted him to 
be Umpier if it had bine tendered, about ani Difer- 
anc ; for we do kno the Englifli have had much 

Engagement the Indians loft over have been, confulted, yet they not 
700, and of the Englifh 80 were only afforded Shelter and Proteftion 
killed and 1 50 wounded. (Sec to the flying Englilh, who deferted 
Coll. R. I. Hift. Soc, iii, 84; iv, from many of the neighboring 
132; V, 161. Baylefs Plymouth, Plantations in Plymouth Colony, 
ii, 93. Drake's Book of Indians, and were kindly received by the 
2 1 8. Alfo Hubbard, Mather and Inhabitants, and relieved and allow- 
other Hiftorians). The Share taken ed to plant the next Year on their 
by Rhode Ifland in this War is thus Commons for their Support; but 
ftated by Callender : " As to the they likewife furnifhed fome of the 
Part this Colony had in that War, Forces with Provifions and Tranf- 
it muft be obferved that though the ports." Hijl. Difcourje, 133. — Ed. 
Colony was not, as they ought to 

Contention againfl thefe Indians to invaledthe king's 
Determination for Naroganfet to be in our Colony; 
and we have Cale to think y' was the great Cafe 
of the war againfl: them. 

I fee no Menes likely to prevent a Sefation from 
Arems, except the Gouevner of New York can find 
a Way fo to interfete, and fo it will be likely a 
Peafe mai be made without trubbling our King • 
not but it allwais hath bine a Prinfipell in our Col- 
only, yt ther fhould be but one fupreme to Englifh 
Men, and in our natief Country wher ever Englifh 
have lurifdidlion ; and fo we know no Englifh 
fhould begin a War and not firft tender for the 
King to be Umpier, and not perfecute fuch y' can 
not conforem to ther Worfhip ; and ther Worfhip 
be what is not owned by the King, the King not 
to mind to have fuch Things redrefed, fum mai 
take it that he hath not Pouer, and that ther mai 
be a Wai for them to take Pouer in Opofition to 
him.' I am fo perfwaided of New England Prifts, 

1 It will be remembered that the an Afylum from the religious In- 

Writer of this Account was a Qua- tolerance of Maffachufetts. The 

ker, who many Years before, with Seft to which he belonged was ef- 

others, had fought in Rhode Ifland pecially noted for its Difapproval 

[ 31 ] 
thay are lb .blinded by the Spirit of Perfecution and 
to maintaine to have Hyer, and to have Name to 
be mere Hyrelings y' thay have bine the Cafe 
yt the Law of Nations and the Law^ of Arems have 
bine violated in this War; and y' the War had not 
bine if ther had not bine a Hyerling, that for his 
Moni, giving what he caleth the Gofpel by Voio- 
lanc to have it chargabell for his Gaine from his 
Quarter; and if ani in Magiftracy be not fo as ther 
pack Horfes, thay will be trumpating for I novation 
or War.' 

5 : 12"'' : 1675. Poadiejian. 

£j^U {^u. 

of the Syftem of a profeirional and ^ The Sequel of the War of 
paid Clergy, common among other 1675-6, is briefly ftatcd in the in- 
religioiis Denominations. — Ed. troduftory Chapter, — Ed. 



Letter from Govertior Francis Lovelace 
of New Torkj to Governor Benedict 
Arnold of Newport. 

[Orders, Warrants, Letters, ii, 461.] 

SR This Opportunity prefenting, I was willing 
to give you Notice of y^ Apprehenfion fome 
Perfons at ye eaft End of Long Illand have of Com- 
ocons like to arife by their Indians and yoi's of the 
Narraganfett, fett on by their Sachem Ninfecraft, 
againft the Englifh.' A Copy of fome PafTages in a 

^ Apprehenfions of Indian Hof- Ninicraft was charged with detaining 
tilities, appear to have been enter- fome Indian Servants of Thomas 
tained in Rhode Idand at this Period. Torrcy of Blocic Ifland, and on the 


[ 34 ] 

Letter fent exprefTe from thence to mee, I here 
inclofed fend you. For my Part I can not thinke 
them in a Condicon ftrong enough to make any 
fuch bould Attempt. Whatfoever their Will may 
bee, however, its Good to be cercumfpect and to 
provide againft the Worft. I fhall defire you 
would make Enquiry into y^ Matter, and fend mee 
yo"" Opinion of it by y^ Firft. 

It feemes Nonecrafl; hath become an old Enemy 
to y^ Englilh fo to be fufpedred. Mr. Thomas 
Terry,' of Block Ifland, informes mee that he hath 
had 6 Indyans Servants run away from him, which 
Nonecrafl protedts and keepes, though none of his 
Indians. I thinke you may do well to admonifh 
him of it, and that hee ought not to doe the leaft 

20th ot July, 1669, a Warrant was ftated that he had formerly taken 

iffued for his Arrclt on Sufpicion of Captive their Sachem's Daughter, 

a Plot, feven of Philip's ancient Men and obliged them to pay him Tri- 

having been with him nine or ten butc. The Sachem and his Daugh- 

Days without fufficicnt Reafon. He ter were both dead, and the Tribute 

appeared eight Days after and ftated after fome Difficulty, had been lately 

that the Indians had had a great paid. He was again fummoned 

Dance lately, which was an Invoca- before the Governor and Council 

tion for a plentiful Harveft. He in Auguft, but was difmifled. Coll. 

afcribcd the Report of hoftile In- R. I. Hijf. Soc, iii, 71. — Ed. 

tentions to a Long Ifland Indian, and ' Torrey. 

[ 35 ] 
Injury to the Englilh under whole Proteftion hee 
liues, without giving Satisfadlion for it. It may bee 
by his Anfwer you may iudge of his Intent. I have 
not further but to defire a neighbourly and friend- 
ley Correfpondence between us, which fhall bee 
cherilhed upon all Occafions. 

Yo"" affediionate Friend and Serv' 

Francis Lovelace. 
New York this z^th July, 1669. 
To Mr. Benedict Arnold, 
Governo' of Rhode IJlartd. 

[ 36 ] 

Letter from Gover7ior Lovelace of New 
Torkj to Governor Arnold of Rhode 

[Orders, Warrants, Letters, ii, 519.] 

For y( Hon^^^ M'' Benedict Arnold, Governo'' &c. 
of Rhode I/land, riiefe : 
S' I rec^y L^^ of y^ ag'^^of July -69, in Anlwer 
to myne for which I muft render you my pticuler 
Thanks for thofe Civilityes you were pleafed to 
afford me in yC friendly Expreffions. Next, I 
cannot but kindly refeve y' Care you have fhowne 
in fetling ye Myndes of fome over credulous Prfons 
amongft us, who (being poffeft w'^^ a pannick Feare) 
were apt to entertaine very melancholly Thoughts 
according as they were inftilled by ye Intelligence 
and Informations of fome fond Indians, to y^ great 
Difturbance of y= publique Peace, and by it ani- 
mating ye Heathens who taking Courage from our 
Feare might be apt to breake forth into Extrava- 
gances not to be redreft w'^out a War re, and all 
ye Miferyes attending it, but thofe Apprehenfions 
are now vanifht and men's Myndes by ye Reafon of 

[ 37 ] 

yor excellent L''': well pacified and fettled, neither 
do I believe they will too haftily againe give Cre- 
dence to y= Information of a faithlelle and falfe 
Generation. All that I (hall further add and heartily 
defire for y^ Future, is that this friendly and neigh- 
bourly Correfpondence W^^ by this Occafion hath 
had its firfl Rife, may by y= fame Zeale and Kind- 
nefl'e be continued ; to w'^'^ we are not onely oblieged 
by y^ comon Tyes of Xtianit ybut comon Safety, 
and ye HappinefTe promifed to all Brethren living 
in Love and Unity togeth'' w^h as none fhall be 
ready to cherifh it more than myfelfe, as to y^ Gen""*! 
fo I fhall not be wanting to embrace all Occaiions 
to demonflrate yc fmcere Service I have to you 
pticuler in y^ Compellation of 

Yo"" afFed:ionate Freind and Serv' 

Fran. Lovelace. 
Fort 'James in N. Torke, 
Aug. 2^th, 1669. 

[ 38 ] 

RxtraSi from a Letter f?/' Francis Lovelace 
Governoiir of New York^ to Thomas 
Prence, Governour of New Plymouth^ 
dated May 5, 167 1. 

[Court of Affizeii, 678.] 

* * * As to yC Indyan Affaires,' I am 
heartily glad that yo"" Courage and Wifdome has 
met w'^ that Succefs as to compell him to a Com- 
placency to yo"" Defires ; and I verily believe (by 
w^hat Relacons I have met with) even of our own 
Indyans, the Defedlion feemed almoft univerfal. 
At prefent, there can be no better Prevention prac- 
tifd then Vigilancy, and fuch a Compofure towards 
them as may teftify wee rather defpife than feare 
them. The Confeffion of the Sagamore feems 
cleere enough, w^l^ if his Compundtion be foe toe, 
it then may proove in y= politique Body as fome- 
times it happens in y= naturall; that a Bone once 
broken and well fett, ftrengthens y« Limbe ; which 

^ Alluding to the Difference that mouth Colony in 1 67 1 , mentioned 
arofe between Philip and the Ply- in a Note on Page . — Ed 

[ 39] 

good Effedl I heartily wifh it may have, and if my 

Endeavors can any Wayes be fubfervient to you, you 

fhall as freely command mee as I fubfcribe myfelfe 

Yo"" affe"= ffriend and 

Humble Servant, 




[ 40 ] 

Fragment of a Letter from Governor John 
WiNTHROP of Connecticut, to the Governor 
of New Tork.^ 

[N. Y. Colonial MSS., xxiv.] 

New London, June 29, 1675. 

P. . . . att M"- Richards Smith 
tt I met Capt Hutch- 
n Bofton with a Lre 
verno'' and Council! dir . . 
Le . . . craft, and the 
ca, the Contents whe . . 
. ernore p'ticularly 
ams, which being brought 
to . . . morning with the laid Robert 

of the farther Confirmation of the Truth of the 
Murther committed upon feveral Englifh by Phi- 
lip ; there is Pi" paration for Conveyance to your- 

1 ThePartsofthisLetterindicatcd was probably the earlicft Intelligence 
by Dots have been loft, but enough ot the Outbreak of Indian Hoftili- 
remains to Ihow its general Tenor. It tics that reached New York. — Ed. 

[41 ] 

felfe, and being fomething ill myfelfe lince my 
Returne, have defired M'' Witherly what Intelli- 
gence is paffing, to convey it. 

A Coppy is fubfcribed p"" 


[42 ] 

Fragment of a Letter from New Lo?idon 
about the Lidian News. 

[New York Colonial MSS., xxiv.] 

New London, June 29, 1675. 
Yeftarday Lef' Avery, myfelfe and fome others 
went vp to Vncas,' to vnderftand, ifF poflible we 
could, how he flood afFedled to PhilHp's Defigne. He 
informed us that he heard of much Damage done 
by Philip, by killing many Englifli, and burning 
theire Houies. But would not be known that he 
held any Correfpondence with him, but vpon care- 
full Vew, we have Reafon to beleive that moil: of 
his Men are gone that Wa . . ath . . very 

1 Uncas, Sachem of the Mohc- ihc Englifh till his Death, and in 
gans. He was originally a Pequot, the Wars withPhilip,he fenta Num- 
but revolted from the Sachem of ber of his Warriors to their Affift- 
that Tribe, and upon the Settlement ance. His Friendfhip to the Englifli 
of the Englifli in Connefticut, he appears to have been diftatcd by 
became their Ally and aided in the Policy rather than Affedtion, and 
Wars that proved fo difaftrous to his he ftrenuoufly oppofcd the Intro- 
native Tribe. Although his Villainies duftion of c'hriftianity and Civili- 
occafioncd frequent Annoyance and zation among his People. — Ed. 
Anxiety, he remained attached to 

[43 J 

th . . . . . three 

few Men Gunns it m . 

hath had great ...... 

and many prefen ...... 

that particular Courfe .... 

Part, into a Pofture of . 

It is reported that ..... 
expefts farther ...... 

(Copy) Subfcribed by .... 

[ 44 

Council Minutes concer7ii?ig IndiaJi 

[Council Minutes, iii, 4+.] 

At a Councell July 4th, 1675. 

Prefent, The Governor, 

The Secretary, Capt. Brockholes, 
Mr. J. Laurence, Capt. Dyre. 

It is the Opinion of the Councell that Conedticott 
doth not expedt nor delire AfTiftance from us in 
Relacon to the Indyan Difturbance at this Time.' 

Upon due Confideracon of y Intelligence now 
fent from thence concerning y^ Indyans, 

1 At the Time that Indian Hof- Conftru6lion was fubfequently ap- 
tilities commenced, in June, 1675, proved by the Duice of Yorki but 
the Governor and Council of New from prudential Reafons its Adjuft- 
York were aftively difcuffing the ment was deferred. Coll. Hift. N.Y. 
Queflion of Boundary, and an Ex- iii, 235. The Council coinciding 
pedition was in Preparation with with the Governor had pafled a 
the View of enforcing the Claims Refolution declaring that Difobedi- 
of New York if found expedient, ence to his Majefty's Pleafure, as 
The Patent of the Duke of York fignified by Letters Patent, was Re- 
was claimed by Andros as extend- bellion. Council Minutes, m, 42. — 
ing to the Connefticut, and this Ed. 

[45 ] 
Refolved, That y^ Governo'' doe proceed on his 
intended Voyage to Conedlicott forthwith, and do 
take a Force with him, to be in a Capacity to pro- 
tect that Part of his Royall HighnefTe Government, 
as there may be Occafions. 

[ 46 ] 

A Letter from the Governour to Governour 
WiNTHROP, Upon the Indyan News. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 117.] 

About 3 a Clock this Morning, [July 4] I 
rec^ yo'^of the i^ Inft, together with feverall Copyes 
of 1^^^^, of the Indyans being in Armes in Plymouth 
Colony, and their having deftroyed feverall Chrift- 
ians to the Eaflward of you, as neare as Narrow- 
ganfett, and Apprehencon of their trending further 
to you wards. I am very much troubled at the 
Chriftians' Misfortunes, and hard Difafters in thefe 
Parts, being fo overpowered by fuch Heathen. 

Here upon I have haftened my coming to your 
Parts, and added a fforce to bee ready to take fuch 
Refolucons as may be fitt for mee, upon this extra- 
ordinary Occafion, with which I intend (God will- 
ing) to fett out this Evening, and to make the beft 
of my Way to Conned:icutt River, his Royall 

[ 47] 
Highneffes Bounds there ; where at my Arrivall 
you Ihall heare further from 

Yo"" mod humble Serv' 

This was fent in Poft haft, 
from Conf' to Conftable.' 

1 The earlieft Propofition for the Previoufly Intelligence was conveyed 
Eftabliflimcnt of a regular Poft is by fpecial Exprefs, or occafional 
believed to have been made in 1672. Opportunities. — Ed. 

A Letter to Governor Carterett, upo?i the 
Indyan News ; fent July ^th^ 1675. 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTcs, iii, 117.] 
Honed Sr . 

The feverall inclofed Copyes, came to my 
Hands at 3 o'clock this Morning, which I thought 
fitt (as foone as I could), to difpatch to you, that 
you may fee the Power of, and Outrages commit- 
ted by the Indyans in Plymouth Colony, as farre 
as Narrowganfett, on the Chriflians ; and Appre- 
hencons of their further Proceedings, upon which, 
I have quickened my Voyage that Way, and refolve 
to take a Force with mee, which I intend (God 
willing) to imbarke this Night for Connedticutt 

I am in Hafte S'' 

Yo'' humble Servant, 

E. Andros. 

1 P ■ arteret. Governor of New Jerfcy. 

A Lre at Seabrooke, from the Go. to the 
Go. or Dep^y Go. and AJfiJlants., or 
chief e Magijirates of the Colony of Con- 
e&icuttf to be delivered to the Chiefe of 
them at Hartford.,^ J^ly ^^^h ^^75' 

[Warrants, Orders, PaiTes, iii, 1 1 8.] 

Honobie Gent. 

I writt to you at large, the 28th paft, by Mr. 
John CoUyer, and alfo by another the 4* Inftant 
in the Morning, by Returne of yo^ Exprefle, upon 
yo"" Notice of the Indyans' Rebellion and Barbarifme 
did give you Acco' of my Intent this Way, and to 
this Place, where I am now arrived. But finding 
no Occafion heer upon the Indyan Acco' I am 
fending a fmall VelTel further eaflward for Intelli- 
gence, and do fend this by Exprefs to you, in his 
Ma'ics and Royall Hignefle Behalfe to delire your 

1 Governor Andros, upon his Force haftily aflembled from the 

Arrival at Saybrook, made a formal neighboring Militia, he prudently 

Demand of Surrender, but being forebore further Mcafurcs of Hof- 

met by a fpirited Refu(al on the tility, and (hortly after croflcd to 

Part of Capt. Bull in Command of Long Mand. Dun/ap'i Hift. N. T. 

the Fort, fupported by a refpeftable i, 13?, — Ed, 


[ 50 ] 

direft and effediuall Anfwer to my former L'''^, 
which I here attend in Difcharge of my Duty, ac- 

In the Meantime I remaine 
Honobic Gent. 

Yo"" affec=»*'^ ffriend and 
Humble Serv' 

E, Andross, 

[ 51 ] 

A Letter of the fame Date from Governour 
Andros to the Governour of Bojlon. 

[Orders, Warrants, PalTcs, iii, 1 1 8.] 

HonoWc Sr 

I cannot omitt this Opportunity by M'' An- 
drew Belcher, with my Refpedls, to give you an 
Acco' of my Arrivall to this Place, being intended 
to thele Parts upon Acco^ of the Limitts, exprelTed 
in his Ma"« Ij'^^ Patents, between his Royall H^^. 
and Connedlicutt : But fuddenly haftened by the 
Newes from Go : Winthrop, by Expreffe, of the 
Indyans Irruption and Barbaroufneffe ; of which 
Proceedings hearing no further, I hope there already 
is (or will be fpeedily) a good Event. And as to 
the Limits, having proceeded in yc faireft Manner, 
(according to his Ma"'-^ Pleafure and Commands) 
I will not doubt a luitable Ilfue therein, accordingly, 
for w^li, and the Indyan Concernes, I do attend 
here ; where I fliall bee glad, or at my Returne, 
of any Opportunity to ferve you, remaining, 
Honobie S>- 

Yo"" very humble Serv' 

E. Andross. 

[ 52 ] 

Letter from Gover?tour Andros to Major 
WiNTHROP, at New London. 

[Orders, Warrants, PaflTes, iii, 119.] 

Sr According to the Acc^^ I gave Go : Winthrop, 
I arrived yefterday to this Port, where I am very 
forry to hear of your continued Indifpofition, which 
I hearing no further Certainty of the Indyans Pro- 
ceedings, occafions my fending this fmall VefTell 
herewith, defiring to heare more particularly of 
yof Health, and if you pleafe, what Newes you 
heare of the faid Indyans. I have alfo ordered the 
Mafter, William Welch, (if you fhall thinke fitt) 
to proceed further eaftward, for Intelligence, not 
beyond Rhoad Ifland, and hope in the meane Time 
to have a good IlTue concerning the Limitts ; having 
proceeded therein according to his Ma''cs Pleafure 
and Commands, with all FairnelTe ; and Ihall ftill 
with all Refpedl in my Power, to the worthy 
Governor, and bee glad, I may bee any Wayes 
capable of ferving you, being really, 

S"" Yc moft affec^'c humble Serv' 

E. Andross. 

Seabrooke, July the ()t/i, 1675. 

[53 ] 

InflrtiBions for William Welch. 

[Warrants, Orders, PaiTcs, iii, 119.] 

Having herewith rec*^ a L^^ to Major Winthrop, 
you are forthwith to repaire with it to New London, 
and having dehvered the fame, (if he fhall think 
fitt) to proceed further eaftward, as he Ihall diredl, 
for InteUigence about the Indyans, but not further 
than Road Ifland : And having his Defpatch, that 
you make the beft of yo"" Way back to this Port. 
I wifh yo" a good Voyage, and am, 
Yo'' loving ifriend. 

Seabrooke, July the ^t/i, 1675. 

[ 54] 

A Lj^^ fent from the Governor Jo Capt. 
John Young, at Southold. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 1 1 9.] 

Capt. Tomig : 

Being afore defigned for thefe Parts, I was 
haftened the fooner, by the Receipt of the L'''^ from 
Go : Winthrop, with the InteUigence of the Indyan 
Difturbence, and Infurreftion in Plymouth Colony, 
fo that I immediately made ready to come out with 
two Sloopes, and arrived to this Place, where I may 
flay yet fome few Days longer. I have this Even- 
ing received a L'"= from Major Winthrop, relating 
to the Indians being difperft, but continue in their 
mifchievous Practices. Having now this Opportunity 
by a Boat going over to Southhold,' I w^as willing to 
advertize you hereof. And the rather it being by 
them eaftward fufpedled that there is a gen^n In- 
telligence and Confederacy between the Indyans 
even to Delaware Bay, which wee cannot perceive 
to the Weftward. But if you do finde any Thing 

1 On the north Side of Long Idand and near its eaft End. 

[ 55 ] 

from yor Parts, amongft thole Indyans, I defire 
you'l give mee prefent Notice to this Place, and in 
the meane Time, will not doubt yo"^ Care upon all 
Occafions ; And do intend (God willing) to fee you 
in my Returne. I hope Mr. Arnolde and Mr. 
Silvefler gott well to Bofton, having heard Nothing 
to the Contrary, though many others found Dead 
upon the Wayes. I am 

Yo"" very loveing ffriend. 

E. Andros. 
Seabrooke, July loth, i6j^. 

[ 56 ] 

A Letter to Mr. Thomas Backer, yujlke 
of the Peace at Eajl Hampton ^ of the fame 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 1 20.] 

[The Beginning as the former ; the Conclufion 
viz :] At my going from hence I do intend (God 
wDUng) either to fee you, or to fend a Sloope, for 
the Endeavouring the getting up, or taking in of 
thofe Guns of the Wreck, which I writt to you of 
before. Therefore if the Indyans have not done it 
already I pray they may be in Readyneffe for it, 
which I thinke may bee in a few Dayes. 
I am Yo« 

E. Andros. 


A Letter to Mr. Thomas Mayhew, or Chief e 
Magijlrate at Martin s Vineyards 

[Warrants, Orders, Palfcs, iii, l 20.] 

South hold, July the 14*, 1675. 
Mr. Mayhew : 

Having Notice of the Irruption of the Indyans, 

^ Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, 
and the adjacent Iflands, as well as 
the Country on the Coall of Maine, 
eaftward of the Kennebec, had 

been purchafed by the Duke of hew had bee 

York from the Earl of Stirling, and of Martha's Vineyard for Life, 

were at this Time Dependencies of With fuch Afliduity and Succefs had 

the Government of New York. The he labored for the Converfion of 

Country in Maine known as Pevui- the Indians upon thefe Iflands, that 

quid and its Dependencies, was tranf- although much more numerous than 

fcrrcd to Maflachufetts in 1686, on the Whites, the latter retained their 

the Acceffion of the Duke of York to Fricndfhip without Interruption, and 

the Throne as James II, and the thefe Iflands became an Afylum for 

former Iflands were included in many Englifli Families driven from 

the New England Charterin 1692. the Main-Land by Philip's War. 

A local Government had been or- There is no Evidence that the flight- 

ganizcd at Nantucket and Martha's eft Difaffcdlion prevailed among the 

Vineyard, under the Direftion of a Natives on thefe Iflands during the 

Chief Magiftrate in each Ifland, War. N'Wtucket Papers, Albany, 

and a General Court held alternately 1856. — Ep. 
in one and the other. The De- 


IS of thii 

> Court 

were fubjca to 


■al to the 


nour and Coun- 

cil a: 

nd to the Cot 

jrt of Aflize al 




Thomas May- 

hew had bee 

n appoi 

nted Governour 

[ 58 ] 

and their barbarous Proceedings againft the Englifh, 
in and on this Side of Plymouth Colony, hath oc- 
cafioned myhaftening to vifite thefe Parts and to take 
Order in any Thing that may bee wanting for their 
Security : To which End I am proceeding as firre 
as South and Eafl: Hampton. But left you and 
yo"" Neighbors of Nantuckett bee not furniflit with 
Ammunicon, and thereby fufter by the faid Indyans 
Irruptions, I have without Delay, defpatcht this 
Sloope w'h Ammunicon, and to inquire of yo"" State, 
to wit, for you one Barrell of Powder, ffifteen 
Mullcetts, and foure Skeynes of Match. The which, 
to bee returned in kinde, to the Stores at New 
Yorke, when you can with Convenience bee kip- 
plyde. I defire you will furnifli the Mafter of the 
Sloope with a Pilot, or Direcons to Nantuckett, 
as hee (liall have Occafion ; And that you will fend 
mee by him, an Acco' of the State of all Things 
with you, in this prefent Jundlure, as to y= Strength 
or Pofture of Defence, if any of the faid Indyans 
fliould attempt to come upon yo"" Ifland, that I may 
take fuch further Order as may he fitt. In w-^ I 
fliall not faile (God willing.) All our Indyans 

L 59 J 

weftward, are hitherto very quiett, and promife 
faire, and I hope, will not intermeddle. 
I am, 


A L^e of the fajne T'enof and Date was fent 
to Nantuckett by the Sloope at that Time 
lik ' 

The Ammunicon fent thither was one Barrell 
of Powder, ten Mufketts, and three Skeynes of 

The L^*^ was diredled. To M"" Richard Gardner, 
and Capt. John Gardner, or Chiefe Magiftrate and 
Offic's at Nantuckett. 

I 6o J 

InJlruEiiom for Franck Lee, being fent with 
his Sloope to Martin's Vineyard and 


[Warrants, Orders, Paffcs, iii, 121.] 

Franck Lee : 

Having received on Board yoi" Sloope two 
Barrells of Powder, twenty-five Mulketts, and 
feven Skeynes of Match, with a L>^e to Martin's 
Vineyard, and another to Nantuckett, and a Pilott 
to the faid Places, you are, (Wind and Weather 
permitting) to make Sayle the next Tyde, and the 
befl of yo"" Way thither, where being arrived, you 
are to deliver my L^^^ to Mr. Mayhew, or Chiefe 
Officer at Martin's Vineyard, together with one 
Barrel! of Powder, ffifteen Mufketts, and foure 
Skeynes of Match, and at Nantuckett my other L''^ 
with one Barrell of Powder, ten Mufketts, and three 
Skeynes of Match, taking a Receipt of the Chiefe 
Magiftrate or Officer, at each Place, to whom you 
fliall deliver it. Having fo done, you are not to 
flay in either Place above one Tyde, unlefTe it may 
happen that the Indyans fliould flock over from the 

[ 6i ] 

Maine, and the Chiefe Magiftrate or Officer defire 
yo"" Affiilance for obftrufting the fame by Water; 
in W^^ Cafe you are to ftay, as there may bee Occa- 
fion, for their Prefervation ; which having p'formed, 
and received the L""" to mee, from the Chief Ma- 
giftrate or Officers in each Place, you are (Winde 
and Weather prmitting) to make the bell of your 
Way back, to mee, to New Yorke. 

In yo"" going there and returne, you are to take 
Care, that ycfelfe, Souldyers and Seamen, be vigil- 
ant and careful! in the Bufinefl'e, and do give no 
juft Caufe of Complaint or Offisnce ; If they fliould 
not have Occafion, or defire y= Amies, you are to 
bring them back with you. I wifh you a good 
Voyage, and am 

Yo'' loving ffriend, 

E. Andros. 

S out hold, July \\th, 1675. 

[ 62 ] 

AbfiraSi of a Letter from the Governour 
of Rhode If and to the Governour of New 
Tork^ dated July 21^, 1675. 

[New York Colonial MSS, xxiv, 128.] 

A great Part is a Relation of feverall Paffages of 
the Warre betweene Plymouth Colony and the 
Indyans, and their own being in a warlike Pofture 
of Defence. 

Then relates the coming of an Army from Boflon 
and Connecticut Colonyes into their Colony (with- 
out informing them thereof) to bring the Indians 
there to their own Terms, and to call that Part of 
Roade Ifl Colony theirs (viz' Kingftoune in the 
Narroganfett Country)' and having made Terms 

1 The Boundary between Rhode commended a Line much like the 
Ifland and Connefticut was during prefcnt, as the Boundary. A far- 
many Years a Subjcft of Difagrec- ther Attempt was made by Com- 
ment and often of angry Difpute, miffioners from the two Colonics in 
from the conflifting Terms of their November, 1699; but not until 
refpeaive Charters. In April 1663, May 12, 1703, were thefe Nego- 
Mr. John Winthrop, Agent for the tiations finally fettled by Articles of 
Colony of Connefticut, and Mr. Agreement that received the royal 
John Clarke, Agent for the Colony Sanftion Feb. 8, 1726. Coll. R. 1. 
of Providence, agreed to refer the Hift. Soc, iii, 200, 213. — Ed. 
Queftion to Arbitrators, who re- 

[ 63 ] 

with the Indians, tooke one Tho. Gould appointed 
a Conlervator of the Peace in Kingftown Prilbner, 
for queftioning whether they fhould not firftly have 
informed them of their coming with an Army 
within that Province, and pinioned him and guarded 
him, and the next Morne fentenced him to bee fent 
from Conftable to Conftable to Connedticutt Prifon 
with 8 Horfemen at his own Charge, but after- 
wards tooke Bayle from him. 

And further, thofe of Connecflicutt have for- 
merly threatned Force, that we fliould not ufe the 
K's Authority there, and not to maintaine it for the 
K's Province, as confirmed to us. It intimates their 
Force was as much therefor as their Pretence ag'^ 
y= Indyans, and we doubt not but we could have 
prevailed to have brought y<^ Indyans to greater 
Conformity than they have done by their Armes ; 
and fo with Relacon of fome Skirmilhes with the 
Indyans take leave. 



[ 64 ] 
Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, 44.] 

At a Councell, July 24, 1675. 

Prefcnt, The Govcrnour. 

Tlie Secretary, Capt. Brockholcs, 

Mr. Jas. Lawrence, Capt. Dyre. 

The Governo'' relates y^ feverall PalTages of his 
Voyage. ' 

Refolved, That an Order be fent to y^ feverall 
Tounes upon Long Ifland to continue a good Con- 
ftable's Watch until further Order, and to take 
Care that y^ Indyans now difarmed bee not any 
Wife injured, but affifted upon any Occafion re- 
quireing it. 

That Mr. Pell^ be written to to take a daily 
Acco' of his Indyans, unlelle they fend Hoftages to 
this Place, which would be beft. 

1 Referring to the Voyage to Say- in Pelham, on the Eaft River, near 
brook. Sec p, 49, the Line of Conncaicut. He was 

the firft Lord of the Manor of Pcl- 

2 John Pell, a Juftice of the liam ; born Feb. 3, 1643; died 
Peace, had fevcral Indians living on about 1700, Bolton's Wejlcheftcr. 
his Land at Anne Hooiics Neck, — Ep, 

[ 65 ] 

Letter from Governour Andros to Mr. 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTcs, iii, 125.] 

New Torke, Aiiguji the \'^ , 1675. 
Mr. WooDHULL : 

I have this Afternoone rec^ yCs of the 4*, 
which I fuppofe was writ yefterday. You have 
done well in profecuting my Orders to yC out 
Indyans of XJnque change,'^ for their Armes, and par- 
ticularly fending a Party to compell them, when 
they did not pundlually bring them in, as you de- 
lired, which cannot bee amilTe, though 'tis poffible 
the Sachem being at South'ton, (as you alleadge) 
to that Day, and others difperft might have no 

1 Richard Woodhull was born 

until his Death, 

which occurred 

at Thenford, Eng., Sept. 13, 1620, 

Oft. 18, 1699. 

It is probably the 

and removed to Long Ifland, about 

Son that was addn 

sffed in the above 

1648, fettling firft at Jamaica, and 

Letter. Thompfi) 

7V Long IJIand, 

afterwards at Setauket, in the pre- 

ii, 398.— Ed. 

fent Town of Brookhaven, Suffolk 

County. He died Oftober, 1690. 

2Thefc Indiai 

IS inhabited the 

He had a Son Richard, born Oft. 

Point north of P( 

iconic Bay, near 

9, 1649, who was early chofen a 

the eartcrn Extrer 

nity of Long l^i- 

Magiftrate, and retained the Office 


land.— Ed. 

[ 66 ] 

Notice, fo not faulty. But I would not have you 
faile to feize ths Indyan MefTengers you fent, as 
foone as you can light on them, and unlefle they 
can give you a fatisfacftory Account of their En- 
deavo" that you fend them up hither, by the firfl 
Convenience, and for others, that you continue the 
fame Care for their Proteccon (being difarmed) 
and do them Juflice upon all Occalions requiring 
it, of which you may acquaint them againe. 

I difpatch this the fooner to you, upon receiving 
this Night a Paper and Letter from the Eaftward, 
of which I fend you Copyes, defiring you'l fend 
forthwith towards Nefaquacke,^ to informe yourfelfe 
if there hath been any Meeting of the Indyans that 
Way, as intimated, and that you give Order to Mr. 
Smith to be careful, and give you Notice if any 
Thing happen there for the Future ; and that you 
take fuch Order therein as you Ihall judge neceffary, 
and give mee Account thereof, if any Thing re- 
quiring it. 

^ The Nefaquakc Indians pof- of the Ifland in the northweftern 

fcflcd the Country between the River Part of Suffolk County. Thompfon's 

of that Name and Stony Brook, Long IJland ; Prime's L. IJlund. — 

and from the Sound to the Middle Ed. 

[ 67 1 

As to the Charge of the Party, or any Thnig 
elfe concerning the PubUck, I think it ought to be 
borne by the Publicke, and fhall bee allowed out 
of the country Rates : But if any feeme to exadl at 
any Time, you may fend up their Demands hither, 
where it fhall bee determined, but none are to bee 
fuffered to refufe a publicke Service. I hope all 
our Indyans will bee quiet. But you are not 
(however) to omit yo"" watching till further Order. 
I am, 

Yo^ very loving ffriend, 

A Letter fent to Seatalcott by the Deputy 
Governour in the Governour s Abfence, 

[Warrants, Orders, PaiTes. iii, i 26.] 


In the Abfence of the Governo" I rec^ your 
\j'^ by Serjeant Briggs. The Contents thereof 
relating lome Apprehencons you have, of yo"" In- 
dyans ill Defigne, for that they ftragle abroad, and 
are not conformable as they ought, to the Orders 
left by the Governour. I have made fome Enquiry 
about the Matter, and advifed thereupon, and in 
Anfv/er thereunto (at pfent) can make you no other 
Returne, then that you give yo"" Indyans Notice 
duly to obferve the Governo''^ Orders and Direccons ; 
and if any one of them fhall do any violent Adt, or 
harbor ftrange Indyans, without giving Notice 
thereof, that you fend them up hither, where they 
{hall be fecured to anfwer their Mifdemeanor or 
Contempt ; of the which, the Governc will fhortly 
bee back to bee Judge. 

1 Gov. Andros was at this Time Purpofe of holding a Treaty with 
on a Journey to Albany for the the Mohawks. — Ed 

[ 69 ] 

In the meane Time, it will not bee proper for 
you to ihew any Doubts or Feares you may have 
of them ; onlly to have a vigilant Eye over their 
Accons, otherwife to live with them as formerly, 

Tom the Indyan hath been heere, who faith hee 
came from the Sachem, only to fee if the Governor 
were returned, for that hee intends then to come 
to the Governo'' as hee was appointed. At his 
Honor's Returne (which may be expedled the latter 
End of this or Beginning of the next Weeke) fuch 
further Order will bee taken about yo"" Affaires as 
will bee thought convenient. This is all at pfent 


Yo'' very Loving ffriend, 

Antho. Brockholes. 

New Torky Aug*- 30'^, 1675. 

1 70 

Rumour of hidiari Hojiilities. 

[New York Colonial MSS., xxiv, 137.] 

September 10, '75. 
To Mr.TowNSEND,' or to the Conjtable and Overfeers 

and Inhabitants of Oyjier Bay : 
Gentlemen and Naibours, 

I being at the South, and our Naibours being 
informed by an Indian that the Indians would be 
fpeedily in Adlion, foe that it is my Advice to get 
yourfelves in the beft Pofter of Defenc you can, 
which is the Advice of 

Your Friend, 

Joseph Bayly. 

' Henry and Richard Town- were then living at Oyfter Bay. 
SEND, Quakers, and their Families, Tbompfo/i's L. I. — Ed. 

[ 7^ ] 
Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, 50.] 

At a Councell, Septh" lo'^, 1675. 

Prcjcnt, The Govcrnour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Brockholcs, 

Mr. Jas. Lawrence, Capt. Dyre. 
Mr. Frederick Philips. 


The Matter under Confideracon was about y^ In- 
dyans at this prefent Jundlure. 

Refolved, That we ought not to breake w'^ our 
Indyans, upon Ace' of y-' Warre betweene our 
Neighbours and their Indyans, they receiving more 
Benefitt by o"" Peace w*l^ them, whereby they are 
hindred from joyning w* their Enemys. 

Neither to prohibitt y^ felling of Powder to our 
Indyans, but to be regulated as formerly, and ac- 
cording to Law. 

Refolved, To fend for all the Sachems, and ac- 
quaint them with y= Peace made above at Albany, 
and to alTure them that comporting themfelves as 
they ought, and have done, they fliall be protected. 

[ 72 ] 

and may live quiet, and thereupon, that an Order 
be made for the Redehvery of their Arms to them. 

[Ihid. p. <;..] 

■;; [Sept. 14, the fame Mernberg prelent.] 

A flying Rumour of y^ Indyans taken into Con- 


Ordered to be refpited for any Refolucon untill 

ye Indyans come in or are heard of, they being fent 


[Sept. 15, the fame Members prefent.] 
Refolved, That y^ Indyans of Long Ifland fhall 
by Reafon of their good Comport, and y^ Seafon of 
ye Year, have their Guns reftored to them againe 
by ye Officers of ye Townes where they have been 
dehvered, unlefl'e to fuch Indyans as fhall not be 
thought fitt to be trufted therewith. Excepting 
Eaft Hampton and Shelter Ifland, who having paid 
Contribution to thofe of Narroganfett, are not to 
have their Armes for ye Prefent, but to have equall 

[ 73 ] 

Juftice, and (if quiet) Proted:ion, as others of y^ 

Copies of this Order were fent out. 

Refolved, That there be a Proclamation ilTued 
forth to quiett people's Mindes, and fatisfy them of 
the Fallity of the late Reports about y^ Indyans ill 

That each Toune upon Long Ifland and its De- 
pendencies be enjoyned to fortify fome particuler 
Place in their refpedtive Touns for their Defence 
upon all Occalions, and to fecure their Wives and 
Children in Cafe of any Enemy. 

[ 74 I 

A Proclamation about the Indyans and 
fnaking of Block Houfes. 

[Warrants, Orders, Paffes, iii, 132.] 

Whereas there hath lately been feverall Reports 
or Rumours fpread, of the Indyans evill and mif- 
chievous Intents and ReadynefTe to execute it againft 
the Inhabitants of this Government, particularly 
Long liland, which hath very much difturbed the 
Mindes and the lawfuU Occupacons of his Ma^'es 
Subjefts in the fame ; And whereas upon a ftridt 
Examinacon, there appeares no Evidence or Caufe 
for fuch Reports, but the Contrary, thefe are there- 
fore by the Advice of my Councell, in his Mamies 
Name, to require and charge all his Ma''es Subjedis 
of this Government, Chriftians and Indyans, that 
fliall know or heare any Thing of fuch a publick 
Nature, forthwith to repaire and give a full Rela- 
con thereof, to the next Magiftrate or Chiefe Officer, 
and the faid Magiftrate or Officer to take the Exa- 
minacon and give neceflary Orders or Notice, and 
fend mee a prefent Account thereof, as the Thing 
may require. 

[ 75 ] 

And whereas it is neceilary to keep Watch and 
Ward, all Magiftrates and Officers of the feverall 
Tounes and Places within this Government, are 
hereby required to fee y= fame continued and punc- 
tually performed ; And where there is not a Block 
Houfe or fome ftockadoed or palifadoed Houfe or 
Place, that there bee one forthwith fitted, in the 
moft convenient Place in each refped:ive Toune, 
for a Retreat to the Women and Children, into 
which our Indyan Women and Children, to bee 
alfo received and protected if they defire it : And 
that all our Indyans bee friendly treated, and have 
equall Juftice according to Law, of which all Per- 
fons are to take Notice and conforme themfelves 
thereunto accordingly as they and every of them 
will anfwer the Contrary at their utmoft Perills. 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke this i6* 
Day of Sepf in the 27* Yeare of his Ma"" 
Reigne, Annoq Domini, 1675. 

E. Andross. 
To the Mayo'' and Aldermen 

of this City, &g. 


[New York Colonial MSS., xxv, 13 8. J 

Sept. i8'^ 1675. 

This Morning there came to the Governo'' in 
the Fort one of the Long Ifland Sachems that mift 
yefterday . . . . he is of Rockaway' or . . 

. . The other . . Day upon the Newes 
of . . f^Q. Here was . . with Tom , . 
and others, and were very well . . . what was 
done. Yefterday . . . the behalfe of the Reft. 

There were alfo two Sachems from the other 
Side, one from Hackingfack,* the other from Tapan, 
who hearing of the Go' Returne from Alb. came to 
bid him welcome Home and promife all Friendfhip. 

^ The Rockaway Tribe occupied noes of the Indians of Long Ifland, 

the fouthern Part of Hempftead, a becaufe they had paid Tribute to 

Part of Jamaica, and the Whole of the Narraganfetts. He required of 

Newtown, in Queens Co. Thomp- his Vifitors fome Aflurancc of their 

for^s Long IJland, i, 94 ; Prime's Sincerity : " Thereupon they con- 

L. I., 90. — Ed. fent to leave two of their young 
ones for Hoftages, and are very well 

2 A Number of Hackenfack In- fatisfied. The Go. prefts 3 Sachems 

dians waited upon the Governour each with a Coat of Duffels, and 

July 23d, afluring him that their gives them each a Dram. Their 

Hearts were good, and prcfenting Compa. was about 50." Prefenting 

him fome Deer Skins. The Go- them with Bottles of Liquor, they 

vernour informed them that he had were difmifled. A^. T. Coll. MSS., 

for the Prefent taken away theCa- xxv, 130. — Ed. ) 

[ 11 ] 

A Letter to Soutliton and Seatalcott. 

[Warrants, Orders, PalTcs, iii, 133.] 


I yeftarday rec^ yo"of the 1 3'^^ Inftant, fo long 
a coming, (as the Indyan faith) by Realbn of the wet 
Weather. I arrived here on the 9* Inftant, late, 
and am forry to heare that you (as well as the moft 
Part of the Ifland) have been fo alarm'd upon a 
falfe Report of our Iiidyaris ill Intent againfl us, 
which I endeavdur'd and hope is now redtified, and 
dll Partyes well fatisfied and quiet. Some Officers 
from all the Tounes on this fide Seatalcott, and all 
the Sachems of Long Ifland and Neighbourhood 
on the Maine, having been here with mee fince ; 
And although I did hope you would not have been 
alarm'd, yet I writ to you on the 1 1'^, which I hope 
came well to yo^ Hands, and fatisfide you.- The 
fame Night I ordered and fett out a Sloope armed, 
to cruife in the Sound, and the next Morning went 
myfelfe in my Pinnace as farre as Mr. Pells, to the 
Indyans there, and from thence to Fflufliing, and 
Home by Land, the better to fettle people's Mindes. 

[ 78 ] 
I now fend you a copy of a Proclaniacon, relating 
to the faid Matters, that it may be forthwith put in 
Execucon, both by you, and the neighbouring 
Tounes of Southold and Eafthampton, to whom 
you are to fend Copyes attefted, and alfo to com- 
municate this, not having Time to write to them, 
and unwilHng to ftay yo'' exprefle Indian. Though 
I do not apprehend any Danger by the Indyans, yet 
there fhall continue an armed Sloope to ply in the 
Sound that fo, no ill Indyans may have Opportu- 
nityes to crofs it at their Pleafure ; which Sloope is 
intended to call at Southold and Eafthampton, 
fome Time the next Weeke. And if there fhould 
happen any Occalion, more Sloopes Ihall bee forth- 
with fent out, as the Matter may require, fo that I 
hope none will have Caufe to negled: their lawfuU 
Occafions. Recommending you to bee vigilant, 
and that I may heare from you, upon all Occafions 
requiring it, I remaine, 

Yo"" very loving fFriend, 

E. Andross. 
New Torke, Sept. 
the i8'^ 1675. 

[79 .1 

It being Refolved, That the Indyans of the north 
and well Ridings of Long Ifland, fliall (by Reafon 
of their good Comport and the Seafon of the Yeare) 
have their Guns reftored to them ; you have like- 
wife Liberty to do the fame in yo"" Parts, unlefTe 
you know any of yo"" Indians not iitt to bee trufted 
therewith, excepting Eafthampton, and Shelter 
Ifland, who, having yC Contribucon to the Nar- 
rowganfett Indyans, are not to have them for the 
To Mr, John Topping, 

Jujiice of the Peace, 

and Capt. John Howell. 
Thefe at Eaft Hampton. 

[ 8o] 

"The Governour" s Letter to Mr. Woodhull 
fent by the Indyan^ Sept. i8, 1675. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 134.] 

I reed yors of the 1 6^^ the laft Night, and am 
very well fatisfyed of yo"" Care and Juftice in Rela- 
tion to y^ Indyans, who I finde have not mifbehaved 
themfelves, notwithftanding the great Noife, Jea- 
loufies and Apprehencons of them, fo that the 
Caufe and Inftruments thereof ought to bee feverely 
Punifht: However the Indyans to the Eaftward, 
being ftill ftrong and adtive, I have ilTued forth the 
Proclamacon herewith fent, the better to fatisfy all 
people's Minds, particularly the Chriftians, and to 
keepe a Sloope armed in the Sound, that no ill 
Indyans may eafily crolTe it, and fhall bee ready to 
fend more upon any Occafion requiring it. I would 
advife you to be vigilant, though as yet no Caufe 
of Feare, but to continue in being juft and pro- 
tecting yo"" Indians upon all Occafions. 

Had you named thofe of yo"" Towne who you 
feeme to imply to bee troublefome, or exceed their 

[ 8i ] 
Bounds towards the Indyans, I would have taken 
fuch prefent Order in it as had been fitting: But 
you having fufiicient Power as a Jul'tice, I do not 
doubt but you will make Ufe of it as there is Oc- 
cafion, and you fee Caufe. 

I fent for Capt. Bayley, and the Otific" of more 
of the other Townes, (as well as Sachems of Long 
Illand and Neighbourhood upon the Maine) have 
been w* mee fince my Returne, and all fatisfyed 
and well. 

I am, 

Yo'' very loving fFriend, 

[The fame Pofllcript as in the previous Letter.] , 

1. 82 ] 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 57.] 

At a Councell, Sept^er 28'^^, 1675. 

Prefent, The Govcrnour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Brockholcs, 

Mr. J. Lawrence, Capt. Dyre. 
Mr. ffred. Philips. 

The Matter in Confultation was about a Letter 
brought by an Expreffe from y= Ifland Nantuckett, 
intimateing their WeaknelTe, and great Strength of 
the Indyans, both on their Ifland, and Martin's 
Vineyard, not above 40 Men at y'^ lafl:, and 30 on 
I ;oo Indyans y*^ former. Capable of bearing Armes. On 
iVien, Women Nantuckett y<^ Indyan Men 5 or 600 ; 

and Childre 


fo many on Martin's Vineyard. 

They delire in their Letter a Couple of great 
Guns, and halfe a douzen Sould^s. They pretend 
an ill Confequence may arrive upon the Indyans 
trayning in Armes upon Martin's Vineyard. 

Refolved, To fend them each a great Gun at y<= 
two Iflands of Nantucket and Martin's Vineyard, 
and to each y= Proclamation concerning y^ Indyans 
of keeping Watches, erefting Block Houfes, &c. 

[ 83 ] 

Memorial of the Sachem of Mont auk to the 

[N. Y. Colonial MSS., xxiv, 157.] 

Right Honrbk. 

I and my Men underftanding that y Hon"" was 
pleafed to graunt Liberty to the other Indians to 
have their Guns reftored to them, but a Reftraint 
was impofed vpon vs the Montaakut Indians by 
Reafon of fome Comply ance we have had w* 
Nenccraft the Narbiggen Sachem, have fent this 
our Meffenger w* thefe few Lines, to intreat your 
Hon" Fauour towards yo"" poor Supplicants. Your 
Hon'' may vnderftand my Father and Grandfather 
haue flood always loyall to y^ Englifh in y Pequot 
Warrs, now towards 40 Years lince . . . Forefather 
was a great Help to y= Englifli, haueing then this 
whole Ifland att his Command, and fince then 
upon all Occafions manifefted his Faithfulnes to the 
Englifh ; and if any Plots were att any Tyme 
againfl them, tymely difcouered them ; and this is 
known to many of the Englifh yet alive. And 
concerning this Plot now on Foot againft the Eng- 

[ 84 J 

lifh, and yo'' Hon'' may be allured (for we ipeak it 
before God the Knower of all Hearts) that had we 
been in the leaft acquainted w'^^ any fuch Matter, 
we fhould haue difcouered the fame ; and though 
of late Years we have held fome Correfpondency 
w*Ninecraft, yo'' Hon"' may be alfured it was onely 
w^l^ refpedl to our own Security, we being very 
weak and few in Numbers, and he being great, and 
having had wofull Experience of the great Defola- 
tion he made amongft us while we flood in Termes 
of HoftiHty againft him. But this we vnderllanding 
is offenfive to yo'' Hon'' we fhall forbear for the 
Future, onely entreate yo'' Hon'' to take fome 
fpeedy Courfe for our Security, that we may not be 
more heftr'd by the Narheganfits, for our Depend- 
ance is wholly upon yo'' Hon'' for Protedlion, as we 
hope yo"" Hon'' fhall find us ever loyall Subjedis to 
the King and Duke of Yorke, and to yo'' Hon'' and 
to all Authority vnder you. 

Yo'' Hon'' may be pleafed to take Notice, that 4 
of our floutefl Men have been this Tyme of Warre 
w* the Englifh Captaines, and fought vnder them, 
and helped to doe fome Execution vpon their Ene- 
mies, and had their free Liberty to returne Home, 

[ 85 ] 

being dilmiired upon their Delire to retire to their 
Friends and Relatives, by the Govern^ at Bofton. 
We leave our felues w'^^yo"" Hon"" hopeing yo"" Hon""^ 
favourable Acceptation of vs. Now is the vfual 
Tyme of our Hunting, and to gett a litle Provifion 
and fome Skins for Cloathing, and if our humble 
Requeft herein may find a gracious Anfwer, we 
fhall take it as a further Engagem' to yo"" Hon"" and 
fhall reft 

Yo"" Hon''s humble Servants, 
Eafihampton, OB 5'-^', 1675. 

Sachem GhEKONNA, 

MOSSUP ^^jO /\ Couns. 

Will KA "^^"^^ • ,• rT, 

vviLL,/\/\ ,,j , his Mark. 



alias Gtv// A'/zm;/, his^'Mark. 
In ye Name and w'h the Confent of y= Refte of 
ye Indians at Montaukut. 

[ 86 ] 

Right Hon^'bl^ 
The Lines upon the other Side I wrote vpon the 
Defire of the Sachem and his Men. They are their 
own Words, and the Subftance thereof they aUb 
had exprefTed before Mr. Backer, but fince my 
writeing of them, w^h was almoft a Week lince, I 
perceiue that dehuering up their Armes to the In- 
dians doth not rehfh well w* the Englifh, efpecially 
fince of late we h ... of the great Slaughter they 

haue made vp Englifh in other Parts of the 

Country. I perceiue at Southampton ye Englifh 
are much troubled, the Indians haue their Armes, 
and I thinke it doth much diflurbe y^ Spirits of 
thofe have them not. As for thefe Indians, for my 
owne Part I doe thinke they are as cordiall Friends 
to the Englifh as any in y^ Country, and what is 
written by y" and known by many to be y« Truth, 
though God knows their Hearts as their Counfellor 
f<i. Yo'' Hon" Predeceffor wrote feverall Letters to 
me to ftirre me vp about initrudting the Indians in 
the Knowledge of God and his Religion, and that 
he would further and encourage the Bufines, fb 
farr as lay in his Power. I doe thinke if yo"" Hon'- 

[ 87 1 

be pleafed to fett in att this Tyme it may be a good 
Promotion of that Work w^h as I haue feen in feve- 
rall Writeings of his moft excellent Majefty ye King 
his pious Defires exprelfed for y^ putting forward 
yt Worke. But S"" I ceafe further to trouble your 
Hon"" att prefent, and for w' y= Indians haue written 
I leave to yo'' Hon" Prudence to ad: for y^ Beft, 
and reft w* my humble Service to yo"" Hon'' and 
Hon""" Counfell , 

Yo'' Hpn'"s humble Supplicant att 
ys Throne of Grace. 

Tho. James,' 
Eafthampton, OB. ^th, 1675. 

' The Rev. Thomas James fettled into the Indian Tongue, and fuc- 

in Eaft Hampton as its firft Minif- ceeded in gaining to a great Degree 

ter in 1650. He learned the In- the Confidence of thcfe People. He 

dian Language and tranflatcd the died 1 6th June, 1696. Thompfon's 

Catechiim and Parts of the Bible Long Hand; Prime's do—Y^. 

An Order to reinforce the Building of 
Block Houfes. 

[Warrants, Orders, Paffes, iii, 139.] 

Whereas there ilTued forth a Proclamacon bearing 
Date the 1 6th yber laft, for the keeping of Watches, 
and immediate making of Block Houfes in the 
feverall Townes upon Long Ifland and Dependen- 
ces, for their gen^H Safety, and to bee a Retreat 
(upon all Occafions) for the Women and Children, 
and obferve the faid Proclamacon ; and many from 
all Parts reforting to this Gen^" Court of AfTizes, 
Thefe are therefore, (by the Advice of my Councell) 
in his Ma'i" Name to require you, that forthw'^ 
and w*out Delay, you caufe the faid Proclamacon 
to bee fully put in Execucon, And that you give 
mee a pfent Acco' thereof, and how flrong you keep 
ye Watches in yo"" refped:ive Townes. Hereof you 
are not to faile in any Particular, as you or any of 
you, will anfwer the Contrary at yo"' utmoft Perills. 
Given under my Hand in New Yorke, this 6th 
Day of Oftober, in the 29th Yeare of his 
Mat't^s Reigne, Annoq. Domini 1675. 

F;. Andros. 

Letter from Gov. Andros to the Deputy 
Governour of Confje&icut. 

[Warrants, Orders, Paffirs, iii, 141.] 

An Indyan under a P''tence of ffriendfhip, 
telling and affirming very confidently, to one of this 
Place, That there is an extraordinary Confederacy 
between all the neighboring Indyans, and eastwards, 
(in w^^ yor pretended ffriends to bee included) and 
deligned this light Moone, to attack Hartford itfelfe, 
and fome other Places about Greenw^J^, of which, 
being informed this Morning, I have immediately 
defpatched this, to give you Acco' thereof, leaft 
there fhould bee fome Thing in it, though not fo 
much as they report, 5 or 6000 Indyans enjoyned 

I am, 

Yo"" humble Serv' 

New Torke, OSfol>r. 

[ 9.0 ] 

RxtraEi from the Minutes of a Court of 

[New York Colonial MSS., xxiv, 172.] 

At a Gen^ii Court of Aflizes held in the City of 
New York [&c.] the 6th Day of Oft. 1675, 
■***«- * 

Vpon the Governo" Receipt of a \j<^ from Go- 
vernour Carteret' in Court, all but the Bench were 
ordered to withdraw. 

The Contents were a late Violence adled by fome 
Indyans at the Nevefans,^ who plundered a Boat 
fent by him to trade, whereupon he hath iffued forth 
a Proclamation to prohibit every one to carry Goods 
or trade w''^ them, and defireth the like may bee 
done here. 

It is ordered in like Manner that there bee no 
Trading with the Indyans at their Plantacons. 

That the Law bee obferved w^h prohibits felling 
ftrong Liquor's to Indyans, Albany excepted. 

1 PHiLipCARTERET,Govei-noiiroF -In New Jcrfey, fouth of the 

New Jericy. Raritan River, fometimes written 

Nc'.vefwg, Newtifons, or Kavefink. 

[ 91 ] 

The Telling of Powder and Shott to the Indyans 
debated and put to the Vote. 

Capt. Chambers,' to be forbid to all but the 
Maques and Sinnekes. 

Mr. Geo. Hall^ the like. 

Mr. Cornells idem. 

Mr. Topping,4 forbid to all except thofe that 
comport themfelves well. 

Mr. Pell, 5 a Reflraint for a Time. 

All the Reft6 to continue as it is, w^h is by farre 
the majo"" Vote. 

That purfuant to the Law the Conftables of the 
feverall Tounes take Care no Powder or Lead bee 
fold to the Indyans, but by them as diredled or their 



40MAS Chambers, was 

* John Topping, a Juftice for the 

fitting at 


; Time as Juftice for 

Eail Riding of Yorkfhirc, on Long 





Hall, a Sheriff of 

* John Pell, fee Note, p. 64. 


'' The Court preicnt confiftcd of 

■' Rich 

Cornell, a JulHce 

the Govcrnour, Secretary, 3 Coun- 

for the North Riding of Yori<Oiirc, 

cilors, two Aldermen, and iSJuf- 

on Long 


tices of the Peace. 

L 92 ] 

The Proclamacon about the Block Houfes, &c. 
approved of. 

At a Court of Alfizes Odlob"- i I'h, 1675. 

Vpon a Propofall whether it will not bee con- 
venient at this Jundlure of Time, of the Indyan 
Difturbance to the Eaftward, to bring all Canoes 
on the north Side of Long Ifland to this Place, or to 
have them all deftroyed, to prevent any Intercourfe 
w* the Indians on the Maine. 

Or that the Canooes bee brought to the next 
Towne and fecured by the Officers. 

Refolved, That all Canooes whatfoever belonging 
to Chriftians or Indyans on the north Side of Long 
Ifland, to the Ball of Hell-Gate, (hall within three 
Dayes after Publicacon hereof, bee brought to the 
next Townes and delivered into the Conftables 
Cuftody, to bee laid up and fecured by them, neare 
the Block Houfe. 

And that whatfoever Canooe fhall be found upon 
the Sound after that Time bee deftroyed. 

And that the Indyans at Mr. Pells bee ordered 

I 93 J 

to remove within a ffortnight to their uliiall Winter 
Quarters within Hell Gate upon this Ifland, during 
w<^^ Time loaden Canooes which fhall have Certifi- 
cates from the Magiftrates of the Place from whence 
they come, exprefling whether they are going, 
fhall bee permitted quietly to palTe along the Shoare, 
except out of the Government, which in no Cafe 
is to be allowed. 

A Procla^nation about Canooes being laid tip 
and fecured by the Co?iftables^ ' ^c. 

[Warrants, Orders, PalTes, iii, 141.] 

Whereas it hath been thought convenient, and 
it is ordered by the Gen^^'i Court of Aflizes, at this 
prefent Juncture, That all Canooes whatfoever, 
belonging to Chriftians or Indyans, on the north 
Side of Long Ifland, to the Eaft of Hell Gate, Ihall 
within three Days after the Publication hereof, bee 
brought to the next Tounes and delivered into the 
Conftable's Cuftody, to bee laid up and fecured by 
them, near their Block Houfes. And that what 
Canooes foever fliall bee found upon the Sound after 
that Time, Ihall be deftroyed : As alfo that the 
Indyans at Mr. Pell's^ bee ordered to remove within 
a ffortnight, to their ufuall Winter Quarters, w'l'in 
Hell-Gate, upon this Ifland ; During which Time 
all loaden Canoes which fhall have Certificates from 
the Magiflrates of the Place from whence they 

1 liTucd in Accordance wiih the * Anne Hookcs Neck, Pelham, 

preceding Order of the Court of Weftchcftcr County. 

[ 95 ] 

came, expreffing whether they are going, Ihall 
bee permitted quietly to pafle along the Shoare, 
except into or out of the Government, which in no 
Cafe is to be alloued ; Thefe are in his Ma"" Name 
to require a ftricfl and due Obfervance of this Order 
from all Perfons, as they and every of them will 
anfwer the Contrary at their utmoft Perills. 

Given under my Hand in N. Yorke, this 12* 
Day of Odlober, 1675. 

To all Magiltrates, Conftables, and 
Overfeers, or other his Ma"« Offi- 
cers, and others whom it may 

L 96 J 

Order to difarm the Indians. 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTes, iii, 142.] 

Whereas there lately paft an Ord'' of Councell, 
That by Reafon of the good Comport of the In- 
dyans, their Armes fhould be reflored unto them, 
except thofe of Eaflhampton and Shelter Ifland, 
for the Reafons therein given, or fuch others as were 
not fitt to be trufted therew''^ : The which hath in 
moft Places beene attended : Thefe are (notwith- 
ftanding the former Order) to empower and au- 
thorize Mr. John Topping, Juftice of the Peace, 
and Capt. John Howell of Southampton, That as 
the Matter may require, and they fhall fee Occa- 
fion. They fend for their Indyans and difarme them 
againe, yet w*all, to afford them due Proteccon as 
formerly ; ffor the doing whereof this Ihall bee your 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke this 
14th Day of Odober, 1675. 

[ 97 J 

A Letter fent to Mr, Tapping about y^ 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafll-s, iii, 143.] 

New Torke the 14'''^ OSlober, 1675. 
Mr. Justice Tapping:' 

In Anivver to fome of your Lines, wherein 
yuo feem dilTatisfyed at the delivering the Indyans 
Amies. Yourfelte nor Capt. Howell, nor yet the 
Conftable and Overfeers, not finding juft Caufe to 
detaine them longer, you have done well. And as 
for the other, you are of yourfelves fufficiently au- 
thorized (upon any Occafion requiring it) either for 
the publicke Peace, or Safety, to call for or take 
from the faid Indyans, or any other that {hall happen 
to bee in yor Parts, All or Part of their Armes, or 
fecure the Perfons of any that fhall, or indeavo'' to 
do Harme, or caufe Djfturbance ; But are alwayes 
to do Juftice, and protecfl the Good and Uncon- 
cerned, from 

Yo"" affectionate ffriend, 

E. Andros, 

^ John Topping. 

[ 98 

Afi Order fent to all the Townes within the 
Gover?init about reinforcing the JVatch &'c. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 143.] 

Whereas notw'i^ftanding two feverall Proclama- 
cons or Ord''% the laft of the 6^1^ Inft. ftridly requiring 
and commanding all Townes and Villages within this 
Government (that have not before) forthw'^i without 
Delay, to ffortify and make compleat, in fome con- 
venient Place, a block or palizadoed Houfe, or 
Place for a Retreat to Women and Children, &c. 
and keeping good Watch and Ward, in their faid 
Townes, and to make a prefent Returne thereof, 
unto mee : of which, having had no Account, and 
being credibly informed that moft do negledl the 
due Execucon of Part of the faid Proclamacon : 
Thefe are in his Ma"" Name to require you forth- 
w'l^ to caufe double and ftridt Watches to bee kept 
in your refpedlive Townes ; And yo"" Conftable, or 
one of the Overfeers, on Sight hereof, to repaire to 
mee, to give mee an Acco^ of yo"" Proceedings, and 
anfwering yC and yo"" Tounes Contempt, if you 

[ 99 ] 

have not obeyed every Part of the Proclamacon ; 
Of which you are not to faile, as you will anfwer 
the Contrary at yc utmoft Pefills. 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke, this 
i6tl^ Day of 06tober, 1675, 

iOO ] 

A Letter to y^ Dep^y Governor of Hartford. 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTes, jii, 145.] 


Laft Night I received yo" of y= 6'li Inftant, 
and am as from the Beginning very fenfible of, 
and much troubled at the Indyans continued De- 
pradations and Succefles, and Mifery of our Coun- 
trymen in thofe Parts, and have endeavoured not to 
bee wanting in my Duty, though at the very firft 
flighted and rejedred. When I was at Albany, I 
took the Occalion on a Lett"^ from Majo^ Pinchon' 
to the Command^ and ComilTaryes there to returne 
him an Anfwer myfelfe, and of my Endeavoi'S in 

* JoHk Pynchon was perhaps cefs. He died m 1703, at the 

more prominent in the public Ser- Age of feventy-fix. 

vice of Maflachufetts than any other The Pynchon 

of the earlier Settlers upon the Con- Houfe, the fir 

nefticut River. He came to Spring- brick Strufture i 

field when but ten Years old, was a the Valley, wa 

Magiftrate fifty Years, and on al- built in 1660, and torn down ii 

moil every Commiffion and Com- 1 83 1 . Its Pifture is prefcrved in th. 

mittee, whofe Duties he difcharged Seal of the City of Springfield.— 

with remarkable Ability and Sue- Ho/land's W. M/ifs.,\,j^^,\6z—^v 

[ loi ] 

which I have been as carefull fince as polTible, but 
noe Anfwer. 

The lo* Inft. I gave you by Exprefle an Accot 
of Ibme Indian Newes, of their Defigne on Hart- 
ford itfelfe,! &c. and immediately difpatched Capt. 
Brockholes my firft Lievten' to Albany with rei- 
terated Orders to thofe Parts, for yC Advantage, as 
farr as I might, not having heard from you. But 
if you delire anything further, and pleafe to fend a 
fitt Parfon, I fhall be ready to doe what is fitt for 
mee, and ferve you to my Power, being 
Yc affedlionate ffriend and 

Humble Servant, 

Edm" Andros. 
New Torke, OSlobr. 
ij'^, 1675. 

1 Sec Letter of Oft. 10, 1675, ante, p. 89.— Ed. 

[ I02 j 

A Letter to Capt. Brockholes at Albany. 

[Warrants, Orders, Paifes, iii, 146.] 

Capl. Brockholes: 

I long much to have an Acco^ from you. Yef- 
terday wee had the Newes of Springfield being 
burnt,' and Indyan Strength in thofe Parts, which 
evinces the Neceffity of yo"" being careful! in keep- 
ing good Guards. 

1 On the Night of Odober 4th, 
1675, an Expreflc was defpatched 
from Windfor, Ct., to Springfield, 
Mafs., with the Intelligence derived 
from a friendly Indian, that a Party 
of about 300 of Philip's Warriours 
were on their Way to burn the 
Town and dellroy the Inhabitants. 
The Alarm was hallily fpread, and 
the Citizens fled to the fortified 
Houfes, three in Number, with fuch 
Valuables and Neceffaries as they 
could carry. On the Morning pre- 
vious, the Springfield Soldiers, to 
the Number of 45, had left for 
Hadley, to join in a Demonftration, 
concerted againft the Enemy at that 
Place, and a MefTcnger was fent 

thither to inform ihcm of the threat- 
ened Danger. When the Morning 
came, no Enemy appearing, two 
Perfons rode forwards toward the 
Indian Fort, and were ihot by the 
Foe in Ambufh. The Town was 
foon filled by Savages ; about thirty 
Dwellings and twenty-five Barns 
were burned, befides the Corn and 
Saw Mill ; four or five Perfons were 
wounded, and onePerfon was killed. 
The Enemy retired on the Arrival 
of the military Force that had been 
recalled, leaving the Settlement in 
Ruin and the Inhabitants in the 
greateft Diftrefs near the Verge of 
Winter. Holland'i Weftern Mafs. 



[ ^o3 ] 

I have nothing more to add to yo'' InlTirudlions, 
but that you order Matters the beft you can ac- 
cordingly, and lee that the Maques may fee tis 
fFriend(hip, not Apprehenfion or Need of them, but 
for their Good ; Hearing that they and the Sinnekes 
are inclinable to a Warre w'h the Indyans to the Eafl, 
if foe, though they have not yet attack' us, 'tis the 
Opinion of my Councell, that 'twere well the laid 
Maques were rather encouraged than hindred ; and 
you may lett them have a ffree Markett for Powder 
&c. as formerly, continued. 

Pray remember mee to all w'^ you. I hope my 
Brother, Knapton,' Sharpe,^ &c. will bee here per 

I am, 

Edmd Andross. 
N. r. Oabr. 19'^ 1675. 

[ I04 ] 
Letter from the Governour to EJopus^ &'c. ' 

[Warrants, Orders, Paflbs, iii, 1+7.] 


I have juft now received yo''s of the i6''i Inftant, 
and think you have done well to putt yourfelves in 
a fitting Pofture for all Events, and fecuring the 
Goods and Corne of yo"" out ffarmers, which is alfo 
done in thefe Parts, where all is quiet ; but have a 
Rumour that Stanford Indyans are in Amies, but 
have done noe Harme. However its thought they 
have noe good Intent in it. I doe not know that 
I have any braffe Gunn of yours, but if you have 
Occafion fhall notwithftanding bee ready to fend 
you one or more fuch iron Gunns as are here, the 
leaft of which is a fmall Saker, and if I can will 
gett and fitt up a Petrara for Capt. Chambers, hav- 
ing none in the ffort ready, and the Sloope in haft 
not to loofe their Tide. I am, 
Yo'' affec^t'^ ffriend, 

E. Andross. 

A^. rorh, 05lober 19, 1675. 

^ Efopus near Kingfton, about tlemcnts by the Dutch in this Colo- 
Midway between New York and ny.— Ed. 
Albany, was one of the earliell Set- 

[ I05 ] 
Alt Order for Oyjier Bay to fortify^ &'c. 

[Warrants, Orders, Paflts, iii, 148.] 

By the Govertjc'' : 

Whereas I am informed that feverall of the In- 
habitants of Oyfter Bay, notwithftanding the late 
Orders and Proclamacons, are ftill very backward 
in making up their ifortifications, Thefe are by the 
Advice of my Councell, in his Ma''" Name, to 
require all the Inhabitants in Gen^", that with all 
Speed they apply themfelves to finifh the fald 
Worke already begunn, only that it bee left to the 
Difcretion of the Conftable and Overfeers to excufe 
fuch Perfons as they fliall think moft proper, and 
may not bee a Hindrance to the fetting forward foe 
needfull and publick a Work : Provided they bee 
fuch auncient Perfons as have principally contributed 
to the Houfe taken in within the faid ffortificacon. 
Given under my Hand in New Yorke this 
19th Day of Odtober, 1675. 

E. Andross, 
To the Conftable and Overfeers 
of Oyfter Bay. 


An Order about fellmg Powder to the 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTcs, iii, 151.] 

Whereas there was at the City Hall an Order of 
the laft Gen^" Court of AlTizes, publifht the i2'h 
Inftant, llridlly prohibiting the Sale of Powder or 
Strong Drink to Indyans in any Part of Yorklhire, 
on Long Ifland, or Dependencyes, as p"" faid Order; 
notwithltanding which fome Perfons think it doth 
not comprehend or is binding to the city Inhabit- 
ants ; Thefe are therefore by Advice of my Councell 
in his Ma"" Name to require and command the 
flrift Obfervance of faid Order in this City in every 
Particular, under the Penaltyes therein exprelfed, 
at their utmoil Perills. 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke, this 
la'"^ Day of Oilober, 1675. 


[ i°7 ] 

An Order for the hihabitants of Madd 
Nans Neck^ to make a Block Houfe. 

[Warrants, Orders, PalTcs, iii, 153.] 

By the Governour : 

Whereas I am given to underftand that notwith- 
ftanding the feverall Orders for making of Block 
Houfes, or fome Place of Defence in each refpedlive 
Toune upon Long Illand and Dependencyes, the 
Inhabit'^ of yC Place have neither contributed any 
Help or Affiftance towards the making of the Block 
Houfe or Fortification at Hempftead, nor taken 
Care to make any for themfelves ; Thefe are in his 
Ma"« Name to require you, that forthwith and 
without Delay you make up fome Fortification upon 
yo"" Neck of Land, and give mee an immediate 
Acco' thereof by one from yo"" Neck, and Anfwer 

^ Now known as Gre„l Neck,m tented in 1666 to Thomas Hicks, 

the Town of North Hempftcad. who ibid a Part of it the fame Year 

Queens County. It contains about to Richard Cornell. Thompjon's 

4000 Acres of Land, and was pa- Long IJland, ii, 61. — Ed. 

I io8 J 

of fliort Contempt, as you and every of you will 
anlwer the Contrary at yc utmoft Perills. 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke, y^ 
2 1 ^ Day of Od:ober, 1 675. 

To the Deputy Conftable at 
Madd Nan's Neck. 

[ I09 ] 

Letter from the Gover7iour to the Co7iJ}ahle 
of Harlem. 

[Warrunts, Orders, PafTee, iii, 153.] 

Mr. Conjiable : 

I have juft now leen yc^ of this Day, fent Ex- 
prefTe by W"^ Palmer, of yo"" having ftopt lo or 12 
Indyan Canoes with Women, Children, Corne, and 
Baggage, coming as they fay from Weftchefter, 
and goeing to Wickers Creek,' but not any Pafle 
mentioned. Soe that you have done very well 
in flopping the faid Indyans, and giving Notice 

Thefe are now to order all the faid Indyans to 
ftay in yo'' Toune, and that you fend fome of the 
chiefeft of them to mee early to-morrow, and one of 
yo' Overfeers for further Orders ; and that it may 

- The Name applied to a Stream qiiacjqucicki, or Wechquajkecki, a 

flowing into the Hudfon at the up- Tribe of the Mohegans, anciently 

per Landing of Dobbs' Ferry, in inhabited the adjacent Country, and 

Greenburgh, Wellchefter County, from thcfc Names, the one given in 

It was called by the Indians Wegh- the Text was doubtlefs derived. 

queghe, or Wyfquaqua. The Wich- Bo/ton's Weftchefter, i, 2, 1 64.-ED. 

bee the better effedled you are to order them Ibme 
convenient Houfe or Barne to bee in, and draw up 
their Canooes until y^ Returne of them you fhall 
fend ; And that you double yo"" Watch. 
I am, 

Yo^ loving ffriend, 

N. r. Oabr.y^ z\'h, 1675. 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 65.] 

At a Councell, Oft^^'-''- 23''>, 1675. 

Prefcnt, The Governour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyre. 

M"r. Philips. 

A Letter from Mr. Leete, Dep. Govern'' of Co- 
nefticott about y^ Indyan AiFaires and in Anfwer 
to y'^ Governo''s Letter of Intelligence to them, was 

The Governo'' had another Letter of private In- 
teUigence about y^ Indyans ill Intent upon Long 

Refolved, upon yc faid Indyan Intelligence of our 
Indyans being in Confederacy w* the Narroganfett 
Indyans upon y^ Maine, and plotting Mifchiefe, 
That all our faid Indians on Long Illand be forth- 
with difarmed. 

The Amies to be delivered into y'^ Conflables 
Hands of y^ feverall Touns, who may lend fome few 
of them to fuch Indyans as they fliall think may be 

[ "2 ] 

trufted, for their Hunting, w'l» y^ Approbacon of 
yc Juftice of Peace, and where no Juftice at Hand, 
of ye chiefefl military Officers of yc Place. 

That an Order be made hereupon for the putting 
of this in Execucon. 

[ 113 ] 

Letter to Mr. Wtn. Leet^ Deputy Governor 
of ConneBicotty &'c. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 15;.] 
Honble Sr. 

I have juft now received yc^ of y^ 19* Inftant, 
for w'^^ this is only my Acknowledgment, having 
writt fully in my laft, to which have nothing more 
to add ; being ready if any Thing bee yet wanting 
to doe my Duty, and ferve you to my Power. 
I am, 

Yo"" affect's humble Serv ' , 

E. Andross. 
To M"^- Leet, Dp'y Governo"^ 
of Connefticot. 

Council Mhiutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, p. 66.] 

At a CoLincell, Od^cr 24*^ 1675. 

Prejent, The Govcrnour, 

The Sccrctar)-, Capt. Dyrc. 

Mr. Fred. Philips. 

Letters being brought from y^ CommifTaryes of 
Albany by Mr. Knapton, who had been Com- 
mander there, concerning a Peace newly made or 
renewed by them at the ffbrt between y'= Maques 
and Mahycanders' Indyans, though without Leave, 
it is ordered to be kept. It is likewife refolved. 
That there be at this Jundlure, a Prohibicon of 
felling Powder and Lead to any Indyans whatfoever 
at Albany, unleffe it be to y= Maques & Sinnekes, 
the fame to be under y^ Penalty of one hundred 

^ Mohegans, inhabiting the call- fubordinate to the Iroquois and un- 

ern Borders of New York and the dcr their Influence. Thofe living 

adjacent Parts of New England, near the Hudfon were often called 

Thev were at this Time confidered River hidinns or the h'orih Indians. 

[ w5 ] 

Guild" Beaver,' for each Quarf of a Pound,^ and fo 
proporconably for more or lelle, or corporall Pun- 
ifliment extending to Life as the Cafe may require, 
except allowed by the Commander himfelfe under 
his Hand, to lome adjacent Mahycand"" Indyan well 
knowne to himfelfe or Magill:rates ; the Quantity of 
one Quarter of a Pound for y-' prefent Hunting, or to 
fome few fuch Indyans, who (hall be knowne by 
them to be defigned for y^ beaver Hunting who 
may by the faid Command be allowed one Pound 
with Lead proportionable. This Prohibicon to 
continue for the Space of lix Months after this 

It is alfo ordered and refolved, That y'^ like 
Ord"" be fent up to Efopus, only the Alteration of 

^ The Currency of the Colony cJamation, June 24th, 1675, was as 

then in Ufe, as ellablithed by Pro- follows : 

Pieces of eight, ----- fix Shillings. 

w (three Black, ) „. 

Wampum, -------- ' ^ one Stiver. 

'^ [or lix Whue, ) 

,-, c • -iir ( on^ Penny Silver, 

Three Stivers Wampum, - - - -^t t; < j «/ 

^ ' I New England Money. 

Four Stivers, Wampum, - - one Penny Sterling. 

One Beaver, (in merchantable Condition), 1 3s. 4d. Sterling. Cau/i- 

cil Minutes, in. Warrants, Orders, Pajfes, Hi, 102.— Ed. 

" This Penalty was about $38, as this Sum was relatively much greater 
Money is now reckoned, although then. — Ed. 

[ ii6 ] 

the Words [Mutatis Mutandis) inftead of y= Com- 
ander, the Juflices or chiefe Officers to be inferted. 
Upon ys Receite of a Letter from ye Efopus, relating 
their great Apprehenfion of yc Indyans. 

It is refolved. That y^ Magift rates there be 
checkt for their needlefTe Feares, and they are all 
ordered to keep at their ufual Habitations and Places 
of Abode, both at y^ diftant Villages and out Farmes, 
untill more apparent Caufe to y= Contrary. 

Ordered, That y^ Magiflrates doe give a prefent 
Ace' what is meant by the Indyans offering to de- 
liver up ys Articles made betweene Coll. Nicolls and 
them, and who fpake of it firil:, whether private 
Perfons amongft the Indyans, or Sachems. The 
Agreement in y^ faid Article fett forth having been 
renewed with thofe Indyans, this very Spring, and 
themfelves having no Authority to alter or make 
either Peace or Warre, nor to treate of either in 
ye leaft, but to do their Dutyes in continuing Things 
as they are. 

[ M7 ] 
Letter' to Mr. Baker of Eaji Hampton. 

[Warrants, Orders, PaiTcs, iii, 156.] 

Mr. Baker. 

I have juft now received yo''sof y^ 24th of yc In- 
dyans friendly Intelligence and Declaracons of their 
good Wills and conltant ifriendihipp w^h I fliall alfo 
acknowledge upon all Occafions, and may allure 
them that if any Difturbance fliall happen to the 
Eaflward, or any other againft the Governm' foe 
long as they continue thus they fliall be fure of 
Protedlion, and need not feare. 

But I finde no Caufe or Likelyhood of their In- 
telligence w"^^ I rather believe the ffancyes of fome 
difaffedled Indyans who would gladly have it foe, 
for I have not heard of one Englifli Man killed, 
much lefs 1 2, which could not have been concealed, 
nor is there nor hath been for fome Years one In- 
dyan belonging to Staten Ifland, and thofe towards 
Achter Cull' are now as friendly as ever. How^ever 
wee, as you know, are upon our Guard, and upon fome 
Intelligence of the Rockaway and Maflia-Peage^ 

1 Newark Bay.— Ed. ^ Rgfiding in Queens Co., chiefly 

at Fort Neck.— Ep. 

I ii8 I 

Indyans Plotting have againe difordered them, 
and fee rather leffe Caule of apprehending Troubles 
this Way than when you were here, hut would 
have all Watches continued, and fee none negledt 
their Occafions abroad as well as at Home. 

If any Troubles Ihould happen, you have by yo"" 
Commiflions, and Places of Peace and Militia kiffi- 
cient Power to call before you, difarm and com- 
mitt any that Ihall goe about, or (you fufpedl) would 
break the King's Peace, not only Indyans but 
Chriftians, and if any refill: to make Ufe of all the 
fforce of yo'' Towne to reduce them. Pray doth 
you and Southampton fend daily to lee yo"" Indyans 
in their Plantacons, and then unlefTe you difcover 
very good Caufe, bee not at all alarm'd to hinder (as 
above) any yc Occalions. 
I am, 

Yo^ affectionate Friend, 

E. Andros. 

A^. Torke, 2jth Odiober, 1675. 

[ 119 ] 

Letter fro?n the Gove?-nouf^ to Mr. Hicks. 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTes, iii, 156.] 

Mr. Hicks.' 

I have juft now received yo" dated yefterday, of 
yo"" Indyans having brought in their Armes, and 
fFriendlyneffe, which is well, and think may lend 
them as many back as you judge proper for their 
prefent Hunting, without any Apprehenfion from 
them however that thofe of Hempftead omitt not 
fending daily to fee them according to order. 

The Letter from the Eaftwards is Mr. Juftice 
Bakers of Eaft Hampton, occafioned upon Rumo« 
from thefe Parts for which I can fee noe Ground. 
I am, 

Yo"' affec^'^ Friend, 

E. Andross. 

N. Torkc,y^ zfK OBbr. 1675. 

1 Thomas Hicks, a Juftice of the Peace at Hempftead, L. I.— Ed. 

[ 120 ] 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, p. 68.] 

At a Councell, Novbcr 8'h, 1675. 

Prcfent, The Govcrnour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyrc, 

Mr. Fred. Philips. 

The Matter under Confideracon was upon Occa- 
lion of Nehemiah Peirce and James Pennymans 
being fent downe from Albany by Capt, Brockholes, 
upon Sufpicon of writing falfe Storyes to Bofton. 

Nehemiah Peirce being firfl examined faith. 
That he never hath writt to Bofton of Powder fold 
to y^ Indyans to y<= Eaftward, nor knows of any, 
but on the Contrary, having heard from y^ Com- 
mand'' y' whofoever fhould fell any Powder to 
them if it could be difcovered, y^ Perfon or Perfons 
offending fliould be feverely puniflit. He faith y' 
hereupon he did forewarne many thereof as he had 
Oppertunity, and had watch' fome whom hee did 
fufpedl, but never could meet with any Powder fo 

[ 121 ] 

Withall being demanded if he had not fold Pow- 
der himfelfe, he faith yes, that he did fell fome few 
Barrells, being all that he had, but it was to yc 

Mr. Wilfon The faid Peirce is ordered to be dis- 

his Security, nijft ^g giving Security to make his 
Appearance when called for, or to give Notice if he 
fhall have Occalion to depart y-" Governm' before a 
Returne fromBofton about this Matter,from whence 
if nothing materiall fhall come againft him as to 
this BufinelTe, within three Months, then to be to- 
tally difcharged and cleare. 

James Pennyman being examined faith, that he 
knoweth no more, than what he hath fet down in 
a Paper which he delivered in, it being a Recitalle 
of y<^ Contents of a Letter to his Wife at Bofton, 
which is as followeth, viz' : 

To the Right Honored Governor. 

If it may ftand with your Honours Pleafure upon 
this Occalion I have recoUedled my Memory and 
according to my beft Remembrarice, I iliall give 
you ye true Contents of y' Letter as I wrote to my 
Wife, W^h as it is circumftanced it is by fome counted 

[ 122 1 

Matter of Fault, but when your HoiT" has a View 
of it, I hope you will efteeme of it otherwife. My 
Wife has oftentimes when fhe wrote Letters to me 
fent me News in her Letters concerning the Warre, 
and att fome Times how y= Enemy prevayles. I 
never received any News but I acquainted the 
Governor at Albany with it, and fhew him my 
Letters ; now that as I write to my Wife is as fol- 
lows : 

That when our hon^^ Governo'' Gen" was here 
in Albany, there came two Men as Poft from Major 
Pinchon of Springfield, which as I heard peticoned 
to our Governor that no Powd"" fliould be fold in 
this Place, truely Wife what a vain Thing was that, 
for this Place is upheld by Trade, I believe there is 
two or three hundred Barrells of Powder bought 
and fold in this Towne in one Yeare, and I thinke 
there were fold out of my Houfe twenty or thirty 
Barrells this Yeare, but as I heare our honoured 
Governo"" has laid a Reftraint of felling to our 
Engliflies Enemyes and that upon a great Penalty. 
This is y^ Summe of what I writt, now if yo'' 
Hon'' be difpleafed at this as I writt, I rather 
choofe to forbear writing to my Wife though I love 

[ ^^3 ] 

her as well as a Man can do his Wife, I fay I rather 
doe it than gett your Honours Difpleafure. 

James Penniman. 

Clement Salmon The faid Pennyman was hereupon 
his Security, ordered to find Security for his good 
Behaviour, and to make his Appearance when called 

[ 124] 
Letter to the Governoiir of Maryland. ' 

[Orders, Warrants, Letters, &c., iii, 164] 

Right HonWc. 

I have received yo« of the 4* paft, of your Pro- 
grefle againft the Indyans, which I wifh may have 
ended it, but am forry the Sufquehannas were con- 
cerned, having allwayes (as the Maques to this) had 
the Repute of being perfeft ffriends to the Chrift- 
ians, particularly Maryland ; and being Offsprings 
of the Maques, though by the Sinnekes engaged in 
Warre, and the Indyans to the Ealtward, foe great 
Succelfes in Plymouth and Malfachufetts Colonyes 
having engaged all others their Neighbo" and en- 
deavoring by all Meanes of Command and Profitt to 
engage the Maques and fent to all other Parts as 
farre as Canada, w^h New England think doe fupply 
theirf aid Enemyes, and all our Indyans as farre as 
Delaware, thought only to wait Opportunityes. 

There only remaines firme the Maques and by 
their Meanes the Sinnekes, which as feated are moft 

1 Charles, Lord Baltimore. 

[ 125 ] 
able to do Good or Harme and too farre and par- 
ticularly the Sinnekes, if they fall oif to bee forced. 
I here fend you an Abftradl of a Letter fent from 
the Commander at Albany, relating to fome Par- 
ticulars (writte by y^ Jefuite among the Maques), 
by which you may fee his Sence, though I think 
him in a great Meafure miftaken, but of mylelfe can 
doe more than I have already. 

I heare that all New England have joyned a very 
great Force to fall on the Narraganfett Indians, the 
Event whereof {w^^ I hope good) will very much 
influence Things, and conduce to the Future or next 
Yeares Adtion, which is all in Addition to mine of 
ye 2 1 'h of Od:ober laft. 
Soe remaine 

Yo"" very humble Serv', 

E. Andross. 
N. Torie, Decern. lo''^, 1675. 

[ 126 ] 

A Speciall Warra7it fent to Huntington to 
Demand the Indyans Armes of Rockaway 
and Seaquatalke^ who are to Ki?itecoy 

[Warrants, Orders, PafTes, iii, 189.] 

By the Governor : 

Whereas I am informed that feveral Indyans at 
Rockaway, Unchechauge and Parts adjacent, are in 
a few Dayes to have a great Kintecoy' at Seaque- 
talke, which being unufuall at this Time of Yeare, 
is at this Jundlure in no Cafe to be neglefted ; And 

^ " The Indians fometimes aflem- was adopted by the Whites and is 
ble in large Numbers and retire far ftill ufed in the River Counties and 
into the Wildernefs, where they eat on Long Hand, to defignate n Revel. 
and drink in a profufc Manner. A Defcription of the wild Excefles 
Thefe Conventions are called Ken- of the Indians at their " Canticos," 
ticoys. Some efteem them to be is given by Denton, in his Defcrip- 
debauched Revels or Bacchanalia, tion of their Cuftoms, p. g. Mr. 
but thofe who have followed them Henry R. Schoolcraft in a Letter to 
into thefe Recefles give feme Ac- the Editor, exprefles the Opinion 
counts of their Condud as lead one that this Cullom was analagous to 
to imagine that they pay a joint the modern Wabino, the moft vis- 
Homage and Supplication to fome cious of Indian Orgies, the Name 
invifible Being." Smith's Hijl. of denoting that the Dancing is con- 
N.r.,JlkEd.,p.-j6. This Term tinued till Daybreak.— Ed. 

[ 127 ] 

therefore (by the Advice of my Councell) you are 
' in his Ma''" Name hereby required upon Notice of 
the Time or Day the faid Indyans Kintecoy is to 
bee, with fix or more Men, not exceeding ten (as 
you fhall judge fitt to bring Home their Armes) to 
repaire to Seaquatalke or Place where the above 
Kintecoy fhall bee, fending two Men a httle before, 
to give them Notice of your coming (that they bee 
not feared at your Arrivall) to informe yourfelfe of 
what Indyans are there, and demand their Armes ; 
which having rec^ to warne and command them 
to feparate, and each to repaire to their proper Place 
of Abode, and for the Future to forbear appointing 
or coming to any fuch public Meetings, or Kinte- 
coyes, w'hout fpeciall Leave, and to bring away 
with you all their faid Armes, W^^ you are fafely to 
lay up and keepe in your Towne, till further Order. 
But in Cafe the above Indyans fhould happen to be 
refradlory, and refufe to deliver their Armes, you 
are (having taken the beft Acco' or Notice you can 
from whence they are, their Number, &c.), to 
warne and command all their Sagamacks, w'^out 
Delay, to repaire to mee at this Place, and all other 
Indyans Home, and fo leave them. At yo"" Return, 

[ 128 ] 

you are immediately to give mee a particular Ace 
of yo'' Proceedings, according to the aboue ; of* 
which you are not to faile, as you will anfwer the 
Contrary at your Perills. And for fo doing this 
fhall bee to you, and every of you, a fufficient 

Given under myHand and Seale in NewYorke, 
this 13''^ Day of December, 1675. 

To the Conftable or chiefe Overfeer 
of Huntington. 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, p. 74.] 

At a Councell, Decern"' 22*, 1675. 

Prcfent, The Governour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyre. 

Mr. Philips. 

Ordered that a Letter be writt to y<^ Governour 
of Roade Ifland, upon News or Report that a Veffell 
deligned or bound for this Port, is ftopt at that 
Ifland upon Ace' of having Powder and Armes in 

That Copies be Hkewife fent of the Orders for 
Prohibicon of Powder at Albany to be fold to the 


Letter to the Governour of Rhode Ijland. ' 

[Warrants, Orders, Paffcs, iii, 169.] 

Decern. 22'^, 1675. 
Honbie S^. 

This is by a Sloope bound to yC Parts not to 
omitt noe good Opportunity, though there bee no- 
thing new, but that I heare you have flopped a Vefld 
bound to this Place, on Ace' of fome Powder and 
Armes in her, which (as reprefented) would not 
only refledl on mee, and all the Magiftrates of this 
Government, but alfo on his Royall HighneiTe and 
the King himfelfe, whofe Commiffions I have. 
And therefore as I have endeavoured to do my 
Duty, and (un-afked) toferve my Neighbours, par- 
ticularly yo"" Colony from the Beginning of the 
Indyan Troubles, &c., Sale of Powder to Indyans 
being foe ftriftly forbidden here, I cannot give 
Creditt to this Report, not having heard from yo"" 
felfe or Colony of it, which I am confident I ihould, 
yet being told mee by fufficient Men, I pray I may. 

1 William Coddington. 

[ 131 ] 

And if any fuch Thing bee, whether you have any 
Orders from the King to flop any of his Ma"«^ Sub- 
je<5ts, Veffells or Goods coming to thefe Parts and 
you' oblige, 

Yo"" humble Servant, 

[ 132 ] 

The Gover7iour of Rhode IJland to the Cov- 
er ?tour and C ounce II of Bofon. 

[New York Colonial MSS., xxv, p. 67.] 

The Governo'' and Councell of ye Mathacufetts 
and Comiffioners of y^ Vnited Collonies writing to 
us do give vs Thanks for tranfporting their Sould" 
and P^'vilion and y' our Sloops tranfported their 
Wounded and defired vs to lett out loo or 200 
Souldiers anfwering you denying fo to doe and gave 
your Grounds. This was our Poftcript. 

Friends, Since our writing y<^ aboue faid to you 
is come to our Hands, certain printed Lawes or 
Orders of y^ 3'^ Nouemb'' 1675' fet forth by y<^ 

1 "Att a Meeting of the Vnited and Humiliation; to fupplycate the 
Collonies in Bollon, by Adjourn- Lords pardoning Mercye and Com- 
ment, Nouemb. 2: 1675. pafion towards this poor People; 
* * * * andfor SucceiTeinourlndeauorsfor 
The Commiflioncrs do agree to the repelling the Rage of the Eni- 
comend to the feverallgenerall Courts my." * * Hazard's American State 
or Councells, of the Vnited CoUo- Papen,\\,<^i-]. The general Court 
nies that they appoint and order the of Mafs., accordingly on the next 
fecond Day of December, being the Day appointed a Day of falling and 
fift Day of the Weeke to be obferued Prayer. Mafs. Coll. Records, v, 
and kept as a folenin Day of Prayer 6g. — Ed. 

I. '33 J 

Authority of yor Generall Aflembly of y-" Matathu- 
fetts your Secretaries Hand being to y^ wherein 
you fay you haue apoftated from ye Lord with a 
great Backfliding : To W^^ I do confent fo great 
hardly to be paralleled, all Things confidered, we 
were a People pi'fefling y<= Feare of ye Lord in 
England againft Bifhops and Ceremonies in tender 
Loue to all y' pfeffed Godlinefs, and fo departed 
from ye Land of our Nativity, declaring ye Ground 
of our Removall into New England, viz : to feek 
out a Place for our Brethren where we might en- 
joy ye Liberty of our Confciences y' ye Sons of 
Wickednefs might vex vs noe more, as was y" ■ 
publikely preached and declared. 

a^ly . . . For ye Pf pagating of ye Gofpel convert- 
ing ye Indians &c : 

3''ly . . .That we might enjoy fuch as preached 
ye Gofpell (ye Power of God to Salvation) for ye 
Bifhops did y" Silence our beft Minifters thefe and 
others in 1630 was printed and difperfed both in 
England and Holland w'^^ I haue by me in Print, 
ye Governo'' and Deputy Governor and Affiftants 
Hands being to it, my felfe and Simon Broadftreet 

[ 134 ] 

being two of y<^ y" Afliftants our Hands is to it, I 
haue y"^ at large in Print to be feene. 

How well this hath bin performed by you, let your 
printed Lawes declare, and this amongft ye Reft our 
Houfes are now open to receive your Wounded and 
all in Diftrefs, we have p ''pared an Hofpitall for 
yors, but you a Houfe of Corredlion for all y' re- 
paire to our Meetings, is this foe do as you would be 
done by ? Your Minifters with us have not been 
molefted, ours with you have been perfecuted,' is 
this a Time for you to eftablifh Iniquity by a Law, — 
will not ye Lord be avenged on fuch a Nation as 
this yt fet vp Minifters y' are not fo made Minifters 
by yo'' Power of and endlefs Life, but of y<= Letter 
y' kills but not y^ Spirit y' giues Life and a Wor- 
fhip, yt is not in Spirit and Truth, fet by Chrift 
aboue 1 600 Yeares agoe ; we cannot come to you, 
but depart from o"" Lord as you haue done, therefore 
defiring your returne to y^ Power y' made you y^ 
true Light y' is in you. 

This is written to you by one who aboue 45 

1 Several Quakers in Bofton, were Autumn of 1675. Dr,iie'j Bojlon, 
compelled to run the Gauntlet for 410. — Ed. 

refufmg to bear Arms during the 

[ ^35 ] 

Yeares part was one of you and now is one y' de- 
lires your true Good both eternall and temporal! 
as I did when I was with you, and am. 
Yours in true Loue, 

Wm. Coddington, 

Rhoad IJland, 'January 
_)"' 9*, 167^, 
Vera Copia. 

[ ^36 ] 

Coimcil Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 81.] 

At a Councell, Jany 17*, 1675.' 

Prejent, The Govcrnour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyrc, 

Mr. Fred. Philips. 

Refolved to write to y^ Governo'' of Bofton, to 
vindicate this Governm' from an Afperfion in a 
printed Paper of Decemr the 7* lafl: part, wherein 
they fett forth, that Philip in his Flight was fup- 
plyde with Ammunition from Albany whereby he 
was enabled to profecute his bloody Defigne againft 
ye Englifli. 

That it be defpatched by an ExprelTe w* the firft 

Refolved, That there be a civill Letter of Thanks 
fent to ye Govern^ of Roade Ifland, in Anfwer to 
his two lafl to y^ Governo"" and a nearer Corref- 
pondence accepted and concluded, in y^ beft Man- 
ner for ye Prefervacon of both Colonyes, according 

1 .67i. 

[ n? J 

to y^ Extent of their Patents, trom all Invafions or 
Encroachments on them and particularly to accept 
of a Mediation to compofe y^ Difference betwixt 
them and the neighbouring Colonyes concerning 
y^ Narraganfett Country and other Territoryes upon 
y= Maine, all which Treatys to be privately managed 
by ye Perfon or Perfons, who fhall carry the Letter 
to Bofton, who fhall have a Letter of Creditt and 
Inftrudlions to that Purpole. 

Refolved to let y<^ Governo'' of Roade Ifland 
know, that any in their Parts driven by the Indyans 
from their Habitacons or Plantations, fhall be wel- 
come here and have Land afligned them upon this, 
Long Ifland or Staten Ifland. 

And to take away all Apprehenfions from our 
prefent Inhabitants, or fuch as fhall come hither, it 
is likewife ordered, That all o"" Indyans on Long 
Ifland not yet difarmed, viz' Sequetauke, Seatauque, 
Unchechauge and Southampton, be forthwith dif- 
armed, as y^ others upon y^ Ifland already are, and 
no Indyan there to be permitted to have any fire 
Arms in any Cafe during ye prefent Troubles, 

[ '38 ] 

A7^ Order for all hidyans on Lo7ig IJJa?td 
to be difarmed, i?t this "JunBure of the 
JVarre^ and that ?ione ramble from Place 
to Place^ &'r. 

[Warrants, Orders. PafTes, iii, 174.] 

By the Go-oerjiour : 

Whereas I am informed from feveral Townes 
and Places on Long Ifland, of the general Appre- 
henfions of the People concerning any our Indyans 
being armed at this Jundlure, for w^^^ though I 
hope there is noe Caufe, however by the Advice of 
my Councell I have ordered that all Indyans on 
Long Ifland that have by the Favour of the Townes 
(as allowed) their Armes ftill entrufted to them bee 
forthwith difarmed, and the faid Armes according 
to former Order to be fafely laid up and kept in or 
near the Block Houfe or fFortification in the feverall 
Townes : And that all Indyans have Notice not to 
ramble or goe from Place to Place out of the Bounds 
they live in without a Certificate from y^ Magiftrate 
or Confl:able to be fliowed to the like Officers at 

[ 139 ] 

their Arrivall where they goe, and have Leave to 
rtay : But all Juftice to be ihewed to them accord- 
ing to Law and Orders of y= Court of Aifizes, and 
concerning fFortification. This Order to bee forth- 
with effedlually put in Execution, and a due Returne 
made to mee thereof by the feverall Townes in 
whofe Precindls any Indyans live by the firft Oppor- 
tunity or ExprelTe, if Occaiion : Of which none to 
faile as they will Anfwer the Default at their utmoft 

Given under my Hand in New Yorke y^ 24th 
Day of January, in the 27th Yeare of his 
Ma'ies Reigne, Annoq D™ 1675.' 

E. Andros. 
To the Juftices of the Peace, Military Officers, 
Conilables and Overfeers of Southampton, &c. 

I The like fent to all the Towns on Long Illand.J 

[ HO 

Mr. Stanton ai^ota Indya?i News. 

[New York Colonial MSS., XXT, 77.] 

Thefe may certifie all whome it may conferne 
that the Pecoites' Indians haue bene out with the 
Englifh againfl the Naraganlits and haue aproued 
themfelues uery faithfuU to our Englifh Interefl the 
Enemy fled before the Army and in the Purfute 
thefe Pequets Indians did uery good Serues : we 
flewe in all neere about fouer fcore Perfons and fol- 
lowed them neare about thre fcore and ten Mille 
the Enemies hauing Noties of our Armyes aproach- 
ing the Sechems fleed and their Wimen and Child- 
ren and lefte fixtye Patomtook Indians three hun- 
dred fitteing Men to way lay the Army by the 
Ambufcadoes weare by the Prouidence of God timely 
difcovered by our Endyins. They wounded flue 
Englifh Men in the Rear of the Army after they 
weare beaten in the Fronte by our Englifh and our 
Endyans. We flew at that Time fiue of the Up- 
landers and kiled on of there chefe Captaines and 

' Pequo,. 

[ HI ] 

the fame Day took y^ Towne and layed there all 
Night, the next Day burned the Towne and then 
marched to the Metropolitente Place and found it 
deferted fo fired nere fiue hundred Widgwames. 
This Scalpe cared by the Bearer was a Endyon of 
greate Accounte and was taken with 25 Perfones 
more by the Pecoites Indyons upon their returning 
Home after they parted with the Englifli .... and 
his Men killed two Men nere Noradg and took 
away a Boy alive this 6 Febrery. This is fhort 
but ... in large. 
Febr'y 9 : 1675.' 

Your loving Friend, 

[ '42 ] 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, p. 85.] 

At a Confultation held Feb)' 24*, 1675.' 

Prefent, The Govcrnour, and Councell, 
The Mayor and Aldermen. 


Mr. Matthias Nicolls, and Mr. Samuell Leete, 
being returned from Bofton, and having brought a 
Letter from ye Governor and Councell there to y= 
Governor, which v\^as not fatiffadory. 

Refolved, That for y<^ Prefent no further Appli- 
cation be made to y^ Government of Bofton. 
1 167I. 

[ H3 

The Exammation of Tho, Warner, that had 
been a Prifoner with the hidians, 

Feb. 25, 1675.' 

[New York Colonial MSS., x•x^ , Si.] 

Thomas Warner one of the two that came downe 
from Albany and had beene Prifonf w'*> y^ Indyans 
who arrived here this Morne, being examined, faith, 
that he was one of y^ Pfons that being fent out from 
Hatfield^ where the Englifh Army lay, to difcover 

- On the 19th ot'Oaober, 1675, 
the Indians having cut ofF the Scouts 
that had been fent out to obtain In- 
telligence of any Enemies in the 
Neighborhood, made an Attack 
upon Hatfield with a Force of 700 
or 800 Men. The Place was gar- 
rifoned by two Companies, under 
the Command of Captains Mofeley 
and Poole, who were ibon joined by 
a Reinforcement from Hatfield under 
Captain Applcton. The Engagement 
was fpirited and obftinate,and ended 
with the Repulfc of the Enemy, whp 

retired in great Hafte and Confufion, 
having only Time to burn a few 
Barns and other out Buildings and 
drive off a Number of Cattle. Ten 
Perfons, including Thomas Warner, 
the Deponent of the above Statement, 
are recorded as flain. Holland'i 
HiJI. of W. Mafs , i, 105. It is 
probable that his Efcape was not 
known at Hatfield. This was among 
the laft of their important Efforts on 
the Connefticut River before retir- 
ing to the Country of the Narra- 
ganfets. Drake's Book of Indians, 
217. — Ed. 

I H4 J 

the Enemy, but a Party of Indyans way lay d them, 
and Ihott downe 5 of their Company, and tooke 3 
of which he and his Comrade are two, the 3*^ they 
put to death, the 9* was an Indyan that came 
with them, and efcap't away. 

That the Indyans lay ftill two Dayes after they 
were taken, and then a Party of about 30 with 
whom he was march't to a River to the north eafl 
from thence about 80 Miles called Oafuck, where 
about a Fortnight after the Reft of the Army 
came to them, having in the meane Time burnt 
two Townes : They kill'd one of the Prifone" pre- 
fently after they had taken him, cutting a Hole 
below his Breaft out of which they puU'd his Gutts, 
and then cutt off his Head. 

That they putt him fo to Death in the Prefence 
of him and his Comrade, and threatened them alfo 
with the like. 

That they burnt his Nayles, and put his Feet to 
fcald them ag^ the Fire, and drove a Stake through 
one of his Feet to pin him to the Ground. The 
Stake about the Bigneffe of his Finger, this was 
about 2 Days after hee was taken. They continued 
at Oafmuk fending out p'ys feverall Days and that 

[ H5 ] 

about 5 Weeks agoe at one of their Meetings he 
faw 2 1 GO Indyans all fighting Men, [of?] which 5 or 
600 French Indyans, with Strawes in their Nofes. 

When hee was taken the p'y were ab' 600 In- 

That the Riuer Indyans rec^ thofe Indyans kindly, 
furnifli't them with Provifions, and fome of thofe 
Indyans were with them that .... him. 

That there were 5 or 600 of the Indyans with 
Strawes in their Nofes, which they called the French 

That hee was made to tell the Number by y^ 
Indyans themfelves, which hee did 3 Times over. 

That there were mofl young Men, the oldeft not 
40 Years old. 

That they were fupplyed with Powder from . . . 
French Indyans. 

That they fi their Defigne wa& in y^ Spring to 
goe to Hadley, Hartford &c. and Conedticut Col., 
and having deftroyed them to goe to Bofton y^ . . . 
and then after that they would deftroy ye Dutch, 
&c., but the French and 


i: h6 ] 

Coimcil Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 85.] 

At a Councell, Feb. 26'1', 167 J. 

Prefent, The Governour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Djre, 

Mr. Fred. Philips. 

Upon reading Governo'' Coddington's Letter, and 
Conlideracons of other Letters, and Returnes of 
Meflages from other Colonyes, 

Refolved, That it is not advifeable at this Jundiure 
to make any Apphcation, or fend any friendly Mel- 
fage to Y North Lidyans, but if they apply them- 
felves not refufe hearing of them. 

The other Colonyes, viz' y= Maffachufetts Con- 
nedlicott and Plimouth principally engaged in y^ 
Warre, not having made us acquainted with their 
Concernes, and fome of them flighted our friendly 
Tenders, to continue our Endeavors as Chriftians 
and Y King's Subjefts, for ye Good of this Govern- 
ment without farther Application to the faid Colo- 

[ ^^7 ] 

Refolved, That y^ Governo"' goe forthwith to 
Albany to fettle Matters there, it being of very great 

That y= Wickerfcreeke Indyans, if they delire it, 
be admitted with their Wives and Children to plant 
upon this liland but nowhere elfe if they remove, 
and yt it be upon y^ north Point of y= Ifland neare 
Spiting Devill. The f'l Indyans to be protected 
comporting themfelves as they ought, and all our 
other Indyans round, doeing yc like to be aifured 
of Protedlion. 

That a Letter be written to y= Governo'' of Roade 
Ifland to acquaint him w'h ye Governo" going up 
to Albany to take Order there, having Notice of 
ye Maques Indyans being moved in a warrelike 
Manner againft y^ North Indyans. That y^ Gov- 
erno'' hath not Time to write now in Anfwer to y^ 
Particulars of his Letter, but fhall have all due Re- 
gard to them, of w^h he fhall give him an Ace" at 
his Returne. 

[ 148 ] 

The Goverfiours Order to Lieut. Teunise 
to demand Chrijiian Prifoners of the 

[New York Colonial MSS., xx^', p. 88.] 

By the Governour : 

You are hereby authorized and required, with the 
Indian Guide ordered w' you, forthwith to goe 
eaftward, to the furtheft Part of the Goverm' or 
as farr as Coneticut River, to finde out Philep or 
other North Indians, lately within this Governm', 
and lett him or other Sachems or Commanders in 
Chief know ; y' haveing heard of there being in 
warlike Pofture, intruded and brought fome Chrifl- 
ian Prifoners in our Parts, I have therefore fent you 
to demand the faid Chriftian Prifoners, brought by 
them vnto this Governm' and to command and 
forewarne them, from, or returning into any Pairt 
of the Government or Confines. 

If they ihould be divided into feverall Partyes 
or Parts, you are then as you fee Caufe and have 
Opportunity, to goe to each, but to make no 

L H9 ] 

longer Stay, in any, than to deliver your Meflage, 
and receive fuch Prifoners as they Ihall deliver and 
refrefli and reft yourfelf, and without Delay to re- 
turn and make the beft of your Way to me. 

Given under my Hand and Seall in Albany, 
the 4}^ March, 1 6ji 
To Gerrit Teunise, 

L' to Capt. VoLKERT. 

Agrees w* yc Principall was iigned. 

Quod Atteftor R.Livingston. 

[ 15° ] 
Order to Confine William Loveridge. 

[New York Colonial MSS., xxv, p. go.] 

Copia Vera. 
By the Govemour : 

Whereas Mr. W'". Loveridge did 2d Inftant 
afore me Magiftrates and cheef Officers of thefe 
Pairts, alleadge and confidently affirm that the North 
Indians have been lately now this laft Winter, fup- 
plyed by the (Dutch as he termed them) Inhabit- 
ants of this Place with Ammunition, notwithftand- 
ing the Law and flridt Prohibicon ; but could not 
make it appear by any Evidence, or Circumftance, 
or named any Perfone, whatever, he could fufpedl, 
and therefore was committed, and not haveing yett, 
and it being a generall Imputation and Reflexion, 
you are in his Maj: Name, further ordered ; ftill to 
keep the faid W™ Loveredge, untill he give fuffi- 
cient Security, at the Secretary, or Clerks Office, to 
anfwere y<= fame, at the next generall Court of 
Affizes, and to be in the mean Time of good Bi- 

[ ^51 ] 

havior, for which this Ihall be your fufficient War- 

Given under my Hand in Albany this 1 1 '^^ 
Day of March i Sy^ 
Was figned 

E. Andross. 
To M"" Michel Suton, Sheriffe 
or Scout in Albany. 

This is a true Coppy examined by me, 
Ro : Livingston, Seer. 

[ 152 ] 

An Order made at Albany about felling of 
Powder to the Indyans there. 

[Warrants. Orders, Pafles, iii, 223.] 

By the Governour. 

Whereas I did in Odlober laft paft, limite the 
Sale of Powder in thefe Parts to be obferved, but 
the Mahikanders coming now to Uve among us, 
and nearer to this Place, I do hereby allow and 
order that the Commander, or two of the Magif- 
trates, may and do, from Time to Time, permitt 
fuch Mahikanders as are already, or fhall come to 
live by us, as above, to buy and bee fupplyd with 
Powder for their neceflary Occafions, not exceeding 
1-4 of a Pound at a Time as pr faid Order which 
Leave or Permitts to bee writt and given out either 
to Indyans or Chriftians for them, by the Secretary 
or Towne Clarke ex officio gratis. 

Given under my Hand in Albany, this 27 '^ 
March 1676. 

E. Andross. 

[ K^3 \ 
Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 87.] 

At a Councell, Aprill y^ 4th, 1676. 

Prcjcnt, The Govcrnour, 

Capt. Anthony Brockholcs, The Secretary, 
Capt. William Dyrc. Mr. Fred. Philips. 

The Governour returning yefterday from Albany 
he was pleafed to fhew to the Councell feverall 
Papers of the Proceedings above between hisHono"" 
and the Maques Indyans, together with a Relation 
of the MelTage fent to the North Indyans. 

Refolved, That y^ Wickerfecreeke and Long 
Ifland Indyans have fpeedy Notice of yc Governo'"s 
Arrivall, that they may bee fpoke with, 

[ 154 ] 
Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 87.] 

At a Councell, Aprill y^ 8'^, 1676. 

Prejent, The Governour, 

Capt. Brockhoks, The Secretary, 

Capt. Dyre, Mr. Philips. 


Ordered, That all Boates and Veflells that pafs 
through Hell Gate do take a Permitt from y^ Cuf- 
tom Houfe by Reafon of y= Indian Troubles, which 
Permitt (unlelTe for Merchandize) to be given 
Gratis and with all Difpatch. 

[ 155 ] 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part 2, p. 90.] 

Aprill ye lo^h, 1676. 

There was a Meeting of the Governo'' and Coun- 
cell in the Morning upon Occafion of the Arrivall of 
M-- Samuell Willis and M-" Will-" Pitkin with a 
Lett;r from the Councell of Connedticott ; The 
Letter being read, it was not adjudged that the 
Gentlemen menconed therein were authorized fur- 
ther than in Complement or for Advice. Thereupon 
they produced their Inllrudtions and read them, but 
no further Authority appearing, the Governo'' pro- 
pofed to them to deliver their Minds in writeing, 
to y^ which he would likewife returne them Anfwer 
in writeing. 

Afternoone, Mr. Willis and Mr. Pitkin delivered 
in their Propofalls in writeing. To the which after 
a Confultacon of the Governo'' and Councell, to- 
gether with the Mayor and Aldermen, an Anfwer 
was made ; and publikely read to the Connedlicott 
Gentlemen, y^ Governo'' and Councell, with the 

[ 156] 

Mayor and Aldermen being together, and divers 
Merchants and other Strangers admitted to bee 

Ordered, That a faire Copy of what was read be 
given to the Gentlemen as an Anfwer both to the 
Letter and Propofalls. 

The Tenour as follows. 


To the Hon''''' Major Edmond An- 
dros, Governo'of his Highnsfs'c 

S"^ . having prefented to your 
Hono'' the Letter w* wee received 
from y" Secretary of Conefticutt 
Colony, according to our Inftruc- 
tions and y 'Import of that Letter as 
Agents fent from the faid Councell, 
wee do in their Behalf defire. 

Firft. That y^ Hono"- will pleafe 
to informc us of what Intelligence 
you have, as to y^ State and Place of 
the Enemyes of the Colony of Con- 
nefticutt, and what Correfpondence 
y" Enemy holds with y" Maques and 

to y" Propofalls of M' Samuel Wil- 
lis, and M' William Pitkin, in 
the Name of the Councell of 
Connefticutt, from whom they 
brought a Letter, dated the firft 
of Aprill moft mirtaken and in- 

You are fent Agents to falute, but 
not authorized or empowered to 
treate or conclude, by faid Councells 
Letter, or othcrwifc that appeares. 

I ft. I know of no Commerce or 
Corrcipondence w"" fuch Indyans, 
butt upon the Rumor of your Warrc 
(having made fitting Preparations) 
when fl Indyans did approach our 
Confines, were repulfed by our In- 

[ ^57 ] 

Sinnekes, and how y^ faid Maqucs 
and Sinnekes ftand afFeftcd towards 
the faid Colony of Connefticutt, 
according as your Hono'' is adver- 
tized or knoweth. 

Secondly ; That your Hono'' will 
advize us what is beft to be done 
in exciteing the Maqucs and Sin- 
nekes to profccute their and our 
Enemys according, as is propounded 
in the faid Letter, and what Prefent 
(if any) you will advize us to give 
them to that End. 

Thirdly, if your Hono'' advize us 
thereunto, diat you will pleafe to 
afford your Aide and Condufl: to us 
therein, and an Interpreter, with 
whatelfc may in your Hono""^ Pru- 
dence beft effeftuate y^ fame. 

Fourthly, what Liberty your 
Hono'' will grant us to paffe to Al- 
bany, or any other convenient Place 
in your Governm* to excite y* faid 
Indyans, according to our Inftruc- 
tions to proceed againftourEnemyes. 
Yo' honors humble Serv»», 
Sam"- Willis. 
William Pitkin. 

New Yorke, April lo"', 1676. 

the Maquc 

and Sinnekes, 
ind (as wee arc informed) are re- 
treated beyond Connefticutt River, 
but am ignorant if our Indyans have 
any particular Knowledge of you, 
which fhould bee beft known to 

z^ and 3"^. Having already taken 
fitting Orders, hope the Maques &c. 
will do their Dutye as they ought to 
this Government, on all Occafions, 
and cannot bee fubjeft to two. 

4th. Thinkc it ftrange that you 
fhould afke to treate with any Branch 
of this Gouernment apart, and upon 
your own Ace' and notwithftanding 
ye Neighbourhood and all my En- 
deavours unafltt, that you have hith- 
erto, and ftill keepe the Concernes 
of your faid Indyan Warrc. 

Nnu Yorke, Aprill io">, 1676. 

[ 158 ] 
Coimcil Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 93.] 

At a CoLincell Apr. 23d, 1676. 

Prejent, The Governour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyre, 

Mr. Philips. 

Before Noone. 

The Matter under Coniideracon was y<^ Receit of 
two Letters, the one from Councell of Boflon the 
other from the Councell of Conned:icut in anfwer 
to what was fent by Mr. Willis and M^. Pitkin. 

Neither of them being plaine or fatisfaftory, the 
Returne of an Anfwer was put off till afternoon. 
After Noone. 

The Mayo"" being alfo prefent with the Governo'' 
and Councell, it was concluded that an Anfwer 
fhould be fent by M^. Daniell Burre (who brought 
the Letter from Connedlicutt) by Word of Mouth. 
To the Effed: hereafter written, viz': 

Refolved, That the Letter of the iS'^Inftant 
from the Councell of Connedlicutt, being only 
gen"" and as formerly no fuiteable Returnes, nor 

L 159 J 

any Truft repofed, it requires no Anfwer, but Ihall 
continue our Duty without intrenching on our 

That an Anfwer be Hkewife fent by Word of 
Mouth for the prefent to Boflon, by M^ Richard 
Patterfliall, who is upon his Departure. The which 
was accordingly done, but with all Civility. 

[ i6o ] 
Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 94.] 

At a Councell, May 5*, 1676. 

Prcjent, The Governour, 

Capt. Brockholcs, The Secretary, 

Capt. Dyre, Mr. Philips. 

Newes being brought from Roade Ifland by Mr. 
Jofeph Carpenter, of the great Number of People 
flockt thither from their Habitations deftroyed 
by the Indyans, infomuch that the Inhabitants are 
very much ftraitened by their Numbers, and will 
quickly want Provifions. 

It being propofed whether not convenient at this 
Jundlure to fend a Sloope thither to offer them 
Tranfportation into this Colony, where they may 
have Lands affigned them. 

Ordered, That the Governours Sloope being 
ready, bee forthwith fent to Rhode Ifland with 
Diredlions to bring as many Palfengers as may bee, 
and that the Sloopes belonging to Luycas and 

L i6i J 

Chriftian now bound for Bofton, do call there like- 
wile in coming back, and any other Sloopes to 
haften thither, and take in fuch PafTengers as are 
willing to come. 

Ordered, That upon this extraordinary Occafion 
of the Warre, and other late Intelligences, the 
feverall Townes upon Long Ifland be fent to, to 
reprefent the fame unto the Inhabitants in order to 
a Levy, and to know what they will give towards 
a Supply. 

[ ^62 J 

Orders fe?it to the Toivnes of the Wejl and 
North Ridings^ by Capt. William Dyre, 
May 8th, 1676. 

[Warrants, Orders, Pafles, iii, 193.] 

Mr. Conjlable and OverJ'eers : 

The Warre continuing eaftward, in the Manner 
it is, of w^h daily fad Tidings, I am now neceflitated 
to reprefent to you and the whole Government, and 
how neceifary it is to make a more than ordinary 
Provifion, to prevent the like Miferyes, ffor which, 
having already been at a greater Expence then his 
Royall Highneife Revenue in this Place : I pray 
you'l take it into yo"" p'fent Conlideracons to agree 
and order fuch a fuitable Supply for yo"" Towne, as 
may be proper, for fo an extraordinary Occafion, 
and that it bee in the Nature of a Rate, defigning to 
bee received in the fame Manner and accompted 
for to the Countrey at the Gena" Court of Affizes. 
I am, 

yo"" affed:ionate ffriend, 

E. Andros. 

[ i63 ] 

This is by Cap' William Dyre, who is ordered 
to receive and bring yo'' Relult. 

M.[atthias] N[icolls,] Seer. 

Warrants were iffued May 1 3 'l^ to the Conftables 
and Overfeers of Henipflead and Flatlands, to ap- 
pear and anfwer for Negled: of the above Orders. 

[ i64 ] 
Cotmcil Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 97.] 

At a Councell, May 23*^, 1676. 

Prefent, The Govcrnour, 

Capt. Brockholcs, The Secretary, 

Capt. Dyre, Mr. Philips, 
Mr. Mayor, Capt. Dclavall. 

The Matter under Confideracon was about a 
Letter to be writt to y^ Governour and Councell 
of Bofton, in anfwer to theirs of Aprill y^ fifth. 

The Letter being read was approved of, and or- 
dered to be fent by Mr. Mayor, hee being bound 
for Bofton. 

At a Councell, May 28 '^ 1676. 

Prefent, The Govcrnour, 

Capt. Brockholcs, The Secretary, 

Capt. Dyre, Mr. Philips, 

Capt. Dclavall, Capt. Salijbury. 

Upon the Arrivall of the Governors Sloope from 
Rhode Ifland, feverall Letters comeing to his Hono"" 

[ i65 ] 

from thence, Martins Vineyard, and Nantuckett, 
relateing to their prelent Condicon and the Report 
and ProbabiHty of Bofton, makeing a Peace with 
the North Indyans, upon their own Account alone ; 
Refolved, That Endeavours be made to putt a Stop 
to the Maques farther profecuting the North In- 

That an Order be iflued forth for the RedeUvery 
of the Indyans Armes upon Long liland. 

At a Councill May y= 29 1\ 1676. 
Whereas, being in Peace we have upon Ace' of 
our Neighbours Warre, difarmed all our Indyans 
upon Long Ifland, and prohibitted all Canooes from 
goeing in the Sound, neither of which our Neigh- 
bours have as yett done, and finding no Caufe to 
continue the fame ; but rather the Contrary by our 
Indyans good Comport, thefe are therefore to fig- 
nify the fame unto you, and that you may and are 
at Liberty to redeliver all Arms taken from your 
Indyans, unleffe you fee or know Caufe to the 
Contrary : In which Calb you are to detayne them 
and fignify the fame unto the Governor. But 

[ i66 ] 

in either Cafe to continue carefull Watch and 
Ward according to former Orders. 

To the Juftices of the Peace, Conflables, and Over- 
feers of any of the Townes upon Long Ifland. 
Upon AppHcation of Mr. John Pell (one of the 
Juftices of the Peace,) concerning the Indyans living 
upon his Land at Anne Hookes Neck, ufing their 
Canooes, contrary to the Order of the Court of 
AlTizes, prefumeing fo to doe for that y'^ Indians 
upon Long Neck (neare Stamford in y= neighbour 
Colony) have theirs, and never forbidden them, 
though in Warre. Ordered, That Mr. Pell do 
make Enquiry of the Truth thereof and give an 
Account of itt hither. In meane Time upon his 
Requeft, the Indians upon his Land are to have 
Liberty to make Ufe of three Canooes about their 
Occalions, and if the Juftice upon Enquiry do find 
it pradlifed as is alleaged, upon his making his Re- 
turne thereof to y^ Governour, then they are to 
have all their Canooes returned them againe. 

Ordered, That all North Indyans that will come 
in, may be protedled, and a Stop to be put to the 
Maques further profecuting P North Indyans. 

[ '67 

Coiaicil Mi?naes. 

[CVmcil Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. .01.] 

At a Councell May 30'h, 1676. 

Refolved, The Governo'' being intended for 
Albany the next "Weeke and Capt. Tho. Delavall 
being now goeing up, that he be delired and author- 
ized as foon as hee arrives there, to communicate it 
to Serj' Sharpe the prefent Command'' and with laid 
Sharpe, by Means of Arnold the Interpreter, fend 
Word to the Maques and Sinnekes of y^ Governo''^ 
faid Coming, and that he delires and orders that 
fome of them will meet him there, and particularly 
Carriconty. The faid Mellage to be fent by a 
Maques from Albany, who is to be well paid, and 
no further Mencon to any others, or Talke thereof 
at Albany : Alfo to fend Word by fome good Mahi- 
cander eaflward (who is likewife to be rewarded) 
that all Indyans that will come in and fubmit, fhall 
bee received to live under the Protedlion of the 
Government, and that the Governo'' will bee there 
as afore, where any of them may freely come and 

L ^68 ] 

fpeake with him, and returne againe as they fee 
Caufe without Moleftation. 

Memorand'". That the fFrench do receive North 
Indyans under their Protedlion, and its faid that five 
hundred of them are already there. • 

That the Governm' of Conedlicutt hath Ukewife 
made an Order, at their late Gen^ali Court, that any 
Indyans that will come in ihall be received, have 
Land afTigned them, and be protedted under their 

Canada and Sctdement at La Prairc, 
^ The Emigration of Irocjuois to occurred about this Time. — Ed. 

[ '69 ] 

Council Minutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii, Part z, p. 103.] 

At a Meeting of the Councell in the Abfence 
of the Governour, June lo, 1676. 

Prcjent, Capt. Brockoles, The Secrctarj^ 
Capt. Dyre, Mr. Philips. 

Mr. Pell having upon Enquiry made Returne 
that it hath been and IHll is pradtifed by y Indyans 
on Long Neck, 6cc., to have their Canooes, the 
following Order w^as made. 

The Wyckerfcreeke Indyans having made Suite 
to the Governo'' that the Reftraint of their going 
into and pafling to and fro in y^ Sound in Canooes 
may be taken off, in regard to their planting on 
Mr. Pells Land at Anne Hoockes Neck' or y^ Iflands 
adjacent ; Upon Confideration of their good Com- 
port, and alfo for that y^ Indyans in the neighbour 
Colony of Conedicutt have hitherto beene, and are 

^ InthcprcfcntTownofPclham, Wcllchcfter County. See Bolton"! 
Weftchejhr, i, 515. 

I ^70 ] 

now permitted the Ufe of their Canooes, it is 
Ordered, That our faid Indyans of Wickerfcreeke 
have Liberty to make Ufe of their Canooes, in the 
Sound, or any other Part within the Government, 
Long Ifland excepted. 

[ 171 ] 

Council M'mutes. 

[Council Minutes, iii. Part 2, p. 104.] 

At a Councell, July 26, 1676. 

Prejent, The Govcrnour, 

The Secretary, Capt. Dyre. 

A Letter being brought from the Governo'' and 
Councell of Conedlicott, giving Notice of the North 
Indians tending towards Hudfons River, 

An Anfwer was fent to it, declaring y^ Improba- 
bility of what was fuggefted by them. 

3Re(ort of a Court iHJlarttal 


Newport, R. I. in Auguft, 1676, 


Trial of Indians charged with beifig engaged 
in Philip's Dejigns.^ 

Newport, Auguft 24'^ 1676. 
HE Names of the Members of the 
Court Martiall. 

Walter Clarke, Govcrnour, 
[ajor John Crayton, Dcpt. Govcrnour, 
John Coggejhall, AQljtant, 
Mr. James Barker, AJJijlant, 

^ The Narraganfctts and Wam- 
panogas, at firft friendly to Rhode 
Ifland, becoming exafperated againll 
all the Englifh by the Outrages com- 
mitted by the New England Troops 
upon defcncelcfs Women, Child- 
ren and old Men, attacked Bull's 
Garrilbn in South Kingftown, and 

afterwards Warwickand Providence, 
wreaking their Vengeance upon all 
who fell in their Way. It was ac- 
cordingly decided by the major 
Part of the Government to hold a 
Court Martial for the Trial of fev- 
eral Indians that had been captured 
by the Rhode Ifland Troops. This 

[ '74 ] 

Mr. John Eajlon, AJiJlant, 

Mr. William Harris, Aijljiant. 

Capt. Arthur ffenner, AJJiJlant, 

Mr. Thomas Borden, AJJiJlant, 

Mr. Jojliua Coggcjhall, AJJiJlant, 

Mr. William Cadman, AJJiJlant, 

Capt. Randall Houlden, AJJiJlant, 

Mr. Samucll Gorton, Jun., AJJiJlant, 

Edward Richmond, Secretary, 

Capt. Edmund Calverly, Attorney General, 

James Rogers, Gen. Sergeant, 

Henry Lilly, Mar/hall and Cryer. 

Military Officers. 

Capt. Pelcg Sanford, Left. Latham Clarke, 

Capt. Roger Williams, Left. fFrancis Gijborn, 

Capt. Samucll Wilbore, Left. Ireh Bull, 

Capt. John Albro, Enfn. Wcjlon Clarke, 

Capt. EdmundCalverly. En/h. James Barker, 

Capt. John ffoancs, Enjh. Caleb Arnold, 

Left. Edward Richmond. Enfn. Hugh Mojher, 

Left. John Green, Enjn. John Potter. 
Left. William Corrcy, 

I Edmund Calverly, Attorney Generall, in the 
Behalfe of our Ibveraigne Lord the King Charles the 

Court was formed Auguil z^A., in upon juft Caufc, to invade and de- 
accordance with the Powers granted ftroy the native Indians and other 
in their Charter "to Exercife the Enemies of the faid Colony." 
Law Martiall in fuch Cafes as Oc- The Courfe purfued by Rhode 
cafions ihall neceifarily require, and Ifland towards their Indian Prifon- 

[ 175 ] 
fecoiid, of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
King, &c. Doe impeach the Quanpen otherwile 
Sowagonifh, an Indian Sachim, relating to the Nar- 
raganfett Country in the Collony of Rhode Ifland, 
and Providence Plantations in New England, for 
thefe fundry Crimes ffollowing, namely : ffor being 
difloyall to his faid Majefty fundry Ways. 

Videleiet. ffor that thou half not faithfully 
adheared to the Government eftabliflied in thisfaid 
Collony by his faid Majefty, but haft rebellioufly 
adheared to Indians of another Collony called Ply- 
moth, namely, Philip chiefe Sachem of the Indians 

crs, was however lenient as com- From 20 fo 30 to fcrve 8 Years. ' 
pared with that of the other New All above 30 to ferve 7 Years. 
England Colonies. The Rhode Idand General Af- 
The Town Authorities of Provi- fembly in March, 1676, forbade 
idenceon the 14th of Auguft, 1676, Slavery of the Indians, and enafted 
difpofed of a. Number of Indian a Law by "which they could only be 
Captives upon the following Con- ' made to ferve for a limited Time, 
ditions, recommended by a Com- for the paying of Debts, fulfilling of 
mittee confifting of Roger Williams, Covenants and defraying the Ex- 
Thomas Harris, Sen., Thomas An- pcnfe of bringing up. 
gell, Thomas Field and John Whip- We are indebted to Dr. David 
pie, Jun. King of Newport, R. I., for this 
Alllndians under 5 to ferve till 30. Record, which is copied from the 
Above 5 and under lo,' till 28. Original, and now for the firft Time 
Above 10 to 15, till 27. • -- - prmted.-^ETJ. ' ■ ~ ' " 
Above I 5 to 20, till 26. 

[ 176 ] 

in that faid Collony, whoe with his Indians did 
within fixteen Months paft trayteroufly, rebeUioufly, 
royetoufly and routoufly arm, weapon, and array 
themfelves with Swords, Guns and Staves, &c., and 
have killed and bloodely muthered many of his faid 
Majeftys good Subjects, who lived peaceably under 
the fundry Governments to which they did be- 

Butt more partikularly thou haft through thy 
wicked bloody Minde and trayterous, rebellious, 
roietous and routous Afts, with Swords, Guns, 
Staves, Sec, in thy owne Perfon, within this his Maj"« 
Collony, and many great Companys of Indians with 
the,fome of them yett unknowne, armed and arrayed 
as aforefaid, didft doe great Damage to our fove- 
raigne Lord the King, by killing his SubjecSts, burn- 
ing their Houfes, killing and driving away their 
Cattell, and many more Outrages of that Nature, 
have been by the and thy Confederats done and 
committed, all againft the Peace of our foveraigne 
Lord the King, his Crowne and Dignity, for all 
which Adls of thine, I doe on the Behalfe of his 
faid Majefty, impeatch the as a Rebell in the Face 

[ ^11 J 

of this Court, and pray Juftice againft thee the faid 
Quanapen, otherwife Sowagonifh, &c. 

Edward Calverly, 
Attorney Generall. 
Dated at a Court Martiall held in Newport, 
yc 24^^ of Auguft, 1676. 

Quanopen owned, that he among the Reft was 
in Amies againft the Englifli Nation, and that he 
was at the fwamp Fight, and that he had nothing 
to fay againft the Indians burning and diftroying 
Pettacomfcutt, and that he was at the Aflaulting of 
Mr. WiUiam Carpenters GarifTon at Pawtuxet,' and 
that he was in Armes at Nafhaway, and did afift in 
diftroyinge and burninge the Towne, and takeinge 
and carrying away the EngUfh Captives to the 
Number of about 20. 

Voted. Guilty of the Charge, and that he fhall 
be fhott to death in this Towne on the 26th Inftant, 
at about one of the Clock in the Afternoone. 

An Indian with one Eye, Quanopens Brother 

^ William Carpenter's Houfe was were cxtinguiflied by thofe within. 

attacked by about three hundred In- ThelndiansdroveofFalargc Amount 

dians, January 27, 1676. The of Stock. Drake's B- of Indians. 

Houfe was fired, but the Flames 220. — Ed. 


[ ^78 1 

faith his Brother Quanopen was a Comander in 
the Warr, but he was not, he being foe defedive in 
his eye Sight, that he was incapable. 

Voted, that at prefent Judgment is fufpended. 

Augufi: 25^1. 

Sunkeecunafuck upon his Examination owneth, 
that he was at the burning and deftroying of War- 
wick, and that Wenunaquabin, " an Indian that is 
now in Prifon, was at the burning and diftroying 
Warwick with him, at the fame Time, and that his 
Brother Quanopin, was the fecond Man in Comand 
in the Narraganfett Cuntry, that he was the next to 

And Nechett, an Indian, owned that he faw 
Sunkeecunafuck at Warwick, and that he was in- 
flrumentall in chief in faveing his Life. 

Voted guilty of the Charge, and to fufter Death, 
the fame Time and Place with his Brother. 

Afliamattan, upon his Examination, owneth that 
his Brother Quanapin, had fome of the Wampa- 
nooage with him, and that his Brother Quanapin 
had many Indians under his Comand, but Nenanan- 
tenentt was counted the chiefeft of the two, and 

[ 179 ] 

that they had recrute of Powder latly from the 

Voted that prefent Judgement is fufpended. 

Wenanaquabln of Pawtuxett faith, that he was 
not at the wounding of John Scott, but was at that 
Time Uving at Abiah Carpenters, and he could 
cleer him. Abiah Carpenters being fentfor, before 
his Face faith, that he went away from their Houfe 
fome Time in May, 1675, and did not lee him 
againe, nor could heare of him till towards Winter, 
which he faith is true. The faid Wenanaquabin 
further faith, that he did not come to Warwick till 
Night after the Towne was burned, and after owned 
that he faw Nechett an Indian there. The faid 
Nechett, to his Face afirmed that he faw him at 
Warwick at the burning the Towne with his Gun, 
about Noone. The faid Wenanaquabin alfo con- 
fefleth, that he was at the Fight with Capt. Turner, 
and there loft his Gun, and fwam over a River to 
fave his Life.' 

1 Capt. William Turner of Bol- by the Indians, but lliccccded in 

ton, having been but a Ihort Time repelling ihem. On the i 8th of 

ftationcd at Northampton, was on May, with Capt. Samuel Holyoke, 

the 14th of March, 1676, attacked of Springfield, and 180 Men, he 

[ i8o J 

Voted guilty of the Charge, and that he ihaW be 
putt to Death after the fame Manner, and Time 
and Place as Quanopin. 

John Wecopeak, on his Examination faith, that 
he was never out againfl: the Englifh, but one Time 
with other Narraganfett Indians about the Month 
of March laft, againft a Towne upon Conedticutt 
River called in Indian Pewanafuck, and at that 
Time their Company burned a Barne and two 
dwelling Houfes, and killed two Englifhmen, and 
that he was not at the burninge of Pettacomfcutt, 
but was at that Time with Indian John, William 
HeifFermans Man, removeinge their Wigwams, but 
fhortly after he was fent downe by the Sachems to 
fetch off two dead Indians from thence, and faith 
that Georg Crafts Wife was (hott with a Slugg, and 
chopt in fome Parts of her Body with a Hatchett, 
and faith fhe did not crye hoe. Alfo faith, that he 
was at the Fight with Capt. Turner, and run away 

furprifed a large Party of the Enemy Captain Turner, with about thirty 

at the Falls above Deerfield, and of his Men were flain in croffing 

fucceeded in deftroying about three Green River. Holland's IVeJiern 

hundred with the Lofs of only one Majfachufetti, \, 1 1 3- 1 24. Drake" i 

Man. Upon returning, the Party Bofton, 419. 
met with a Series of Difafters, and 

[ i8i ] 

by Reafon the Shott came as thick as Raine, but 
faid alfoe, that he was at a great Diftance. Butt 
John Godfree and William Heifferman faith, that 
he the faid Wecopeak told them, that he faw Capt. 
Turner, and that he was fhott in the Thigh, and 
that he knew it was him, for the faid Turner faid 
that was his Name. 

Voted guilty of the Charge, and to dye as the 

Anaftiawin of Narraganfett denyeth, that he layed 
Hands on John Green of Narraganfett, occafioned 
about the Death of a dumb Boy, although afirmed 
by three WitnefTes to his Face, to wit : Mr. Thomas 
Gould, John Andra and Daniel Green. 

The Court adjourned till Thurfday next at ten of 
the Clock in the Morning, being the 31'^ of this 

Before the Court Martiall the 31^ of Auguft, 

Quonaehewacout faith, that he was informed that 
all the Sachims was at the takeing and burning of 
Ireh Bulls Garrifon.' 

1 The Garrifon of Mr. Jcrah Bull i6, 1675, and all the People flain, 
was taken by the Indians, December feventeen in Number. — Ed. 

[ i8^ J 

Manailes Molalles, called and anlwered to the 
Name, being examined concerning Low Rowland, 
kilJ at Poca.Tet'i.» Side (being an Englifliman) and 
llaine or murdered by the Indians, and this MoUalTes 
being charged or llifpedled to have a Hand in the 
Crime, anlwers, that he did not kill him, but being 
in the Woods, the Indians came and faid fuch 
a one was kild, and offered to fell the Coate of the 
Perfon foe murdered or llaine, and that he the faid 
MoUaffes bought the Coate (of the faid dead Man) 
for ground Nuts, and further faith, that it was one 
Quafquomack kild the faid Rowland. 

This Deponent, John Cook, aged about forty- 
five Yeares, teftefyeth, being at Punckateft, in the 
Midle of July, or thereabout, did afk of feverall 
Indians, named as foUoweth : Woodcock, Matowat, 
and Job, whome they were, that kild Low How- 
land, the forefd Indians' Anfwer was, that there was 
fix of them in Company, and Manaffes was the 
Indian that fetcht him out of the Water, ffurther 
this Deponant faith not. 

This Deponant, John Brigs, aged thirty-five 
Yeares or thereabout, teftefyeth to the above written 

1 Now Tiverton. 

[ i83 ] 

Teftamony, and allbe, that the faid Manafles fhot 
at Jofeph Ruffell, as the Indians, firft above named 
re'ate, and ifurcher this Deponent faith not. 

Taken before me this 25'hof Auguft, 1676. 
Wm. Cadman, AfPift. 

This Deponant WilHam Manchefter, aged twenty 
and two Yeares, or thereabout, being at Pocaffet, 
afked of Peter Nonoet, the Hufband of Wetamoe, 
whoe it was that killed Low Howland, his Anfwer 
was, that Manafles fetcht him out of the Water, and 
further faith not. 

Taken before me, W^. Cadman, Afifl:., Aug*^ 
25*, 1676. 

Court adjourned until to-morrow Morning, eight 
of the Clock. 

Sepf ift, 1676. The Court called. 

Awetamoes Sifter being examined, what fhe could 
fay concerning the killing of Low Howland, fhe 
faith, ihe was informed by one of thofe that was at 
his killing, called Ohom, that this abovP Molafles 
was the Perfon that fetcht Low Howland out of the 
Water, at the Time he was kild, although the In- 
dians that were with them perfwaded him not to 

[ i84] 

perfue him, and alfoe further faith, that flie knoweth 
him the f'' Mollafes to be one of the 1 2, that was of 
that Company, that took and kild the faid How- 

Mumuxuack ahas Toby, being charged for Suf- 
pition of killing or affifting, or being in the Com- 
pany of them that killed John Archer. Upon his 
Examination faith that he was one of four at the 
killing of John Archer and his Sonn, but he was with 
one more, that was about tenn Rod Diftance, and 
that the other called whether they fliould fhoot, or 
not, but did Ihoot; but after, the faid Mamuxack faid, 
being over-perfwaded, and threatned by his Brother 
to carry away John Archers Head, he did doe it to 
Awetamoe' by Reafon his Brother threatened him, 
if he refufed to take off his Head, and that he car- 
ryed the Head to Awetamoe, and that his Brother 
gave him a Shirt for foe doeing, for carrying the 

Jack Havens faith that he heard the Indians fay, 
that John Archer had like to have efcaped, by take- 
ing hold of Mamuxuats Brother called Whawea- 

^ Probably the fame as Weetamoo, was found dead in Taunton River, 
mentioned on Pages 13, 14. She Auguft 6, 1676. — Ed. 

[ i85 ] 

punet his Hatchett : but that he, the fi Mamuxuat 
came behind the f'^ Archer, and ftruck him on the 
Head with his Hatchitt, and foe they kild him. 

Wechunckfum, aUas Abram, faith, that he well 
knoweth the above f^ MolalTes, and that he heard 
at the Spring of the Yeare lafl, being then at Wa- 
chufett,' there was then Information given, what 
Execution had lately been done againft the Englilh, 
amongfl which was afirmed, that the above f^ Ma- 
lafles had latly killed an Englifliman at PocafTet. 

Suckats Squa, that lives with Daniel Wilcocks, 
faith, that fhe heard the above ('^ MalaiTes fay, being 
alTct, or examined by the Indians at the Spring of 
the Yeare laft, towards Wachufett, whether he had 
latly killed an Englifliman at Pocaflett, he anfwered 
that he had done it. 

Whawinuckfliin, Serj' Roger's Man, being 
examined faith that he was at Thomas Gould's 
Garrifon, and the Occafion of his cominge was to 
bury his Father, or help bury him, and there found 
feverall Indians upon their Gard, but flayed not 
long there, but emediatly came away. 


[ i86 J 

Voted that Serj' Rogers fliall have his Indian 
Man home with him, provided that the faid Indian 
{hall be brought forth, if required, which the faid 
Serjt Rogers doe in the Face of the Court, engage 
to doe. 

The Court adjourned till tomorrow Morning at 
eight of the Clock. 

The following Record is, probably, a Copy of a 
Letter, addreffed by the Court Martial to Walter 
Clarke, of Newport, the Governour.i 

1 Walter Clarke was a Friend, and refufcd to fit in Judgment on the 

with others of that Denomination, poor perlecuted and wronged Na- 

at that Time quite large on Rhode tives. 

Ifland, was oppofed to the War This Letter was probably ad- 
againft the Indians. He felt a deep drefTed to Gov. Clarke, by the fit- 
Interefl; in the Natives, and with his ting Members of the Court Martial, 
Friend John Eafton, believed that viz: the Deputy Governor, Major 
the Calamities of King Phillip's War JohnCranfton ; feven out of the nine 
might have been prevented by a Afliftants, viz: James Barker, Wm. 
Negotiation or Arbitration. Walter Harris, Arthur Fenner, Jofliua Cog- 
Clarke is faid to have irjcenfed the gefhall, William Cadman, Randall 
People of Providence and Warwick, Houldcn and Samuel Gorton, and 
who were fierce to fight, by refufing probably the military Officers before 
to iflue military Commiflions, or in mentioned. John Coggefhall, John 
the Language of Friends, Commif- Eafton and Thomas Borden, were 
fions "to kill and deftroy Men." the remaining three Affiftants. Dr. 
It does not appear that he attended David King, of l^ewport, R. I. 
the Court Martial, and he probably. 

[ i87 ] 

(Place and Date, probably) 

Newport, R. I., Augufl 31, 1676. 
" Sir: 

The Court adjourned till tomorrow Morning 
at eight of the C'ck. The Letter fent by the 
Governour of Plymouth to yourfelfe, and by your- 
felfe to us bearing Date Auguft 28, laft paft, pur- 
porating the MalTachufetts and New Plymoths 
Demand of Indians on this Ifland, &c., an Anfwer 
to which Concerne in a fpeciall Manner yo"" felfe, 
and need of all Expedition for divers Reafons, be- 
fides Safety and Charge. Wee therefore pray your 
Prefence at the ufiall Place of Meeting this Day to 
confider what Anfwer, or to require a full Apearance 
of the Councell, or otherwife, as you pleafe ; with . 
Speed doe what ieems beft to you ; we are redy to 
doe our Service to the publick Peace and Safety." 

The Letter of the Governor of Plymouth to the 
Governor of Rhode Ifland is as follows : 

" Thefe are to certefy all whome it may Con- 
cerne that Capt. Benjamin Church is authorized and 
fully empowered by the Authority of this Collony 
of New Plymoth, in the Name of the faid Collony, 

L ^88 ] 

and for their Ufe and Benefitt, to demand and re- 
ceive of the Governo'^ and Authority of Rhode Ifland, 
all fuch of our Indian Enemys, whether Men, 
Women, or Children, as whilft our fforces were 
abroad ranging, the adjacent Parts of our Collony, 
in Purfute of the faid Enemyes, were received by, 
and are entertained upon the {'^ Ifland. And having 
received thsm, he is ordered to guard and conducfl 
them to Plymoth aforef and alfoe impowred to fell 
and difpofe of fuch of them, and foe many as he fhall 
fee Caufe for, there : to the Inhabitants, or others, 
for Term of Life, or for Ihorter Time, as there may 
be Reafons. And his adlinge, herein, fhall at all 
Times be owned and juftefyed by the faid Collony. 

Auguft 28, '76. 


Voted, That Malafles and Mamuxuat and 
Quanachuagat are ordered to be delivered out of 
the Prifon to Capt. Benjamin Church, and feven 
more to be delivered to Capt. Anthony Low, whoe 
have engaged to tranfport them out of the Collony, 
and that they fhall not returne here againe, and one 
more to be at the Difpofe of Henry Lilly, which 

[ i89 ] 

he receives in full Satisfadion for his Attendance 
at this Court, and to be tranfported, as the other to 
Capt. Low ; and that, at or before the Delivery of 
thefe the Malhall fliall take all their Names, and 
give Returne thereof to the Clerk of this prefent 

Whereas it is reported that divers Indians are now 
brought to Newport, and feverall upon the main 
Land, neer Shores of Rhode Ifland, wee doe there- 
fore declare, and in his Majefty's Name require, 
that noe Indian, either great or fmall, be landed on 
any Part of Rhode Ifland aforefaid, or any Ifland in 
the Narraganfett Bay, upon the Penalty, as formerly 
impofed upon fuch Offenders ; and they fliall be 
taken as being contemney of the Authorety of this 
CoUony; Always, provided that bee, or may bee, 
upon juft Caufe detefted, he, or they, at all Times, 
fhall be lyable to be brought forth to anfwer the 
fame, by Warrant from the Governo"^ or Dept. 
Govern°'', or any two Affiftants. 

Dated at a Court Martiall held in Newport, 
on Rhode Ifland, Auguft 24'h, 1676. 

Pr. Edw^ Richmond, Sec^y 

to the Court. 

1 I90 ] 

Voted, That the Dept. Governor {\^^\\ have Copys 
of the Tranfacflions of this Court between this and 
the next Sitting. 

Voted, That the Court is adjourned till the 25* 
this Inftant, except the Dept. Governour fliall fee 
Caufe to call the fi Court in the Intrim, between 
this and the 25 '^ of this Inftant, as aforef^^ and upon 
any fuch Occafion the Dept. Govo'' have full Power 
to call a Court Martiall as aforefaid. 


A BRAM, 185. 
'^ AchterCall, 117. 


OS Gov. E., Letters of, 46, 

48, 49, 51, 52, 56, 65, 

Affeftion, ftriking Difplay of, 


67, 77, 80, 88, 89, 100, 

Agents of Conncfticut, 155, i 


102, 104,109, 113, 117, 

Albany, 71, 90, 100, loi. 


119, 124, 130. 

120, 122, 125,129, 


Fac Simile of Signature of, 47, 

147, 151,152, 157, 


53. 54. 59. 67. 81, 99. 

Albro Capt. John, 174. 

108, 128, 131, 148, 149. 

Alderman, -142. 


Hooke's Neck, 64. 94, 166. 

Alexander, Philip's Brother, 3 



Ambufcade, 25. 


als to Gov. and Council, 57. 

Ammunition fent to Nantucket 



eton Capt., 143. 

to Martha's Vineyard 59 


ration, 8, 15,62, 186. 

Analhawin, 181. 

Archer John, 184, 185. 

Andra John, 181. 


, the Indians taught the Ufe of. 

Andros Gov. E., 46, 47, 48 



51, 52, 54, 55, 56 



to to be taken, 96, 97, 1 11. 

65. 75. 77. 78. 8> 


may be loaned for Hunting, 

89. 95. 96, 97. 99. 



102, 103, 104, 106, 


aken away, 9. 25. 

1.3, 118.119. '^5. 


detained by R. I., 129, 130. 

139, 149, 151, 156, 


;iven up. 8, 72. 

[ 192 ] 

Army in Purfuit of Indians, 28. 
Arnold Benedift, Letters to, 33, 36. 

Biographical Notes : 

Alexander, 13. 

William, 54. 

Eafton John, 2. 

the Interpreter, 166. 
Enf. Caleb, 174. 

Eafton Nicholas, I. 
James Rev. Thomas, 87. 

Arreft of Alexander, 13. 
Afhamattan, 178. 

Pynchon Major John, 100. 
Saflamon John, 3. 

Afperfion of Bofton Gov't, 136. 
Affawomfett Pond, 2. 
Affiftant of Rhode Ifland, 2. 

Uncas, 42. 
Bifhops and Ceremonies, 133. 
Block Houfes, 74, 75, 82, 88, 92, 

Affizes, Court of, 88, 90, 92, 94, 

93, 94, 98, 107, 138. 
at Mad Man's Neck, 107. 

Attorney General of R. I., 2, 1 74, 

Block Wand, 33. 
Boats wanted, 16, 26. 

Awalhonks, 18, 20. 

Bone broken, well fet, ftrengthens 

Awetamoe's Sifter. 183, 184. 

the Limb, 38. 
Borden, Thomas, 174, 186. 

BACKSLIDING acknowledged, 

Baker Mr., 117. 
Baltimore Charles, Lord, 124. 
Barker Enf. James, 173, 174, 186. 

Bofton, 8,22, 26, 5 1,. 54, 62, 84, 
120, 121, 132, 136, 137, 
142, 145.158. 159. «6i, 
164, 165, 179. 
Prifoner tortured at, 22. 

Barrington. 12. 

Bayley Capt., 8 1. 

Bayly Jofeph, 70. 

Beavers, Value of as Money, 115. 

Becher Mr., 86. 

Belcher Andrew, 51. 

Boundary Controverfy, 44, 51, 52. 
Boundary R. I. and Ct., 62. 
Bounties on Indians, 26. 
Briggs John, 182. 
Briggs Sergeant, 68. 
Briftol, 12. 

Bible, Parts tranllated into Indian,87. 

Broadftreet Simon, 133. 

[ 193 ] 

Brockholls, Capt. Anthony, 9, 44., 

"9. '53. 154. 158. 164. 

Brookhaven, 65. 
Bull Capt., 44. 
Bull Lieut. Ireh, 174. 

Garrifon of, 1 73, 1 81. 
Burning of Englifti Houfes, 2, 19, 

42, 177, 178, 179, 180. 
Burrc Daniel, 158. 


pADMAN William, 

^ Caggcftiall John, 

Callcnder, 29. 

Calverly Edmund, Att'y Gen. R. I., 

'74. ^11- 
Canada, 124, 168. 
Cannon fcnt for, 82. 

belonging to Efopus, 104. 
Canoes feized, 19. 

taken away, 76. 

Hopped, 109. 

to be laid up, 92, 94, \ 10. 

to take out Certificates, 91. 

to be rellored, 165, 166. 
Canticos (fee Kintecoy). 
Captives taken at Nafhaway, 177. 

examined (Tho. Warner), 143. 
Carriconty, 167. 
Carpenter Abiah, 179. 


Carpenter Jofeph, 160. 
Carpenter Wm's Garrifon, 177. 
Carterett, Governor's Letter to, 48. 

Gov. Philip, 90. 
Catechifin tranllated, 87. 
Cattle trcfpafs upon Indians, 14,15. 

killed, 16. 
Cavalry employed, 19. 
Chambers Capt. James, 91, 104. 
Chief Magiftrates, 57, 59, 60, 61. 
Chrillian Prifoners, 148. 
Chriftianity oppofed by Ind , 10,42 
Chriftian Lidians 3, 10. 
Chrift's Teachings, 134. 
Church Benjamin, 18,20,187,188. 
Clarke John, 62. 

Lieut. Latham, 1 74, 

Walter, 173, 186. 

Enf. Wefton, 174. 
Coat of murdered Indian, 4. 

White, 182. 
Coddington Wm., Gov., 130, 135, 

Coddington burial Place, 2. 
Codrington R., 63. 
Coggefhall John, 186. 

Joftua, .74. 
Coliyer John, 49. 
Commiirioners(fee United Colonic). 
Compton, 1 8, 20. 
Conference with Philip, 5, 6, 7, 8. 

[ 194 ] 

Confcffion of Prifoners, 4 

. 5- 

Council Minutes : 

Conneaicut, 26, 28, 42 

, 44. 


April 23, 1676, 158. 



May 5, 160. 

100, III, 113, 



May 23, 164. 




May 29, 165. 

158, 168, 169, 



May 30, 167. 

Confpiracy formed, 14. 

June .0, 169. 

Cook, John, 182. 

July 26, .7,. 

Corn given by Indians, 



Court of Affizes, 57, 88, 90, 92, 

ftruftions how to 



106, 139, 162, 166. 

deftroyed by Cattle, 


Courts, General, 57, 162, 166. 

Cornell Richard, 91. 10 

Court Martial, Newport, 173. 

Coroner's Inqueft, I. 

may be called, 190. 

Correy Lieut. William, i 


Craft George, Wife of, murdered. 

Council Minutes : 


July 4, 167 

. 44 

Cranfton Major John, 186. 

July 24, 


Cray ton John, 173. 

September 10, 


Cruelties, 22. 

September 14, 


Cuddcback Gen., 20. 

September 15, 


Currency of the Colony, 115. 

September 28, 


Oftober 23, 


TRANCES, Indian, 34, 126. 
■*^ (Sec Kintaco) ). 

Oftober 24, 


November 8, 


Dartmouth, 21. 

December 22, 


David, an Indian, 2. 

January 17, 167I- 


Death of Alexander, 12, 13, 14. 

February 24, 


of SaiTamon, 2, 16. 

February 26, 


ofPhihp, 6. 

April 4, 1676 


of Wcetamoo, 184. 

April 8, 


of George Craft's Wife, 180. 

April 10, 


ofCapt. Turner, 181. 

L ^95 J 

DL-athof Low Howland, 182, 183, 
of John Archer, 184, 185. 
DcL-fic'd, 180. 
Dccrlkins prefented to Governor, 

Defcftion among Indians, 38. 

(See Plots, Rumors, &c.) 
Delaval, Capt. Thomas, 164, 166. 
Delaware, 54. 
Denton, 126. 

Deputy Governor of R. I., 2. 
Dobb's Ferry, 109. 
Dogs Quarrels, 8. 

propofed to worry Indians, 28. 
Dragoons, 26. 
Drunkennefs, 13. 
Duffels Coat of, given Indian, 76. 
Duke of York, 57, 84. 

Patent extends to Ct., 44, 51. 
Dumb Boy, 181. 
Dutch, 145, 150. 

charged with furnifhing Pow- 
der, 179. 
Dyre Capt. Wm., 64, 7 1 , 8 2, 1 1 1 , 
114. 120, 129, 136, 146, 
153, 154, 158, 160, 162, 
163, 164, 169, 171. 

pASTHAMPTON, 56, 58, 72, 
^ 78,79,85,87,96,117. 

Eaft River, 64. 

Eallon, John, 174, 186. 

Nicholas, I. 

Peter, I. 
Eclipfe, Lunar, 19. 
Eliot, Indian Miffionary, 3, II. 
England, 133. 
Englifli under one King, 10. 

trefpafs upon Indians, 1 4. 

the firft Aggreflbrs, 12. 

torture an Indian, 22. 
Epidemic among Indians, 1 2. 
Efopus, 91, 104, 115, 116. 
Execution of Indians, 4. 
Exprefs from Nantucket, 47, 48, 
49,51.53, 82, 101,136. 

Major Pynchon, 122. 

T^AC Simile Signatures, Edmund 
Andros, 47,53, 54, 59, 67, 
81,99, '°8. 128, 131,149 
John Eafton, 31. 
Fran Lovelace, 39. 
John Stanton, 141. 
Famine, 12. 
Faft proclaimed by New England 

Colonies, 132. 
Fences unknown with Indians, 15, 
Fenner Capt. Arthur, 174, 186. 
Fine impofed upon Philip, 8. 
Fire Arms (fee Arms). 

[ 196 ] 

Flatland, 162. 
Flufhing, 77. 
Foancs Capt. John, 174. 

be made, 73, 74, 

75, 88, 92, 98, lol, 107. 
Fort Neck, 1 1 7. 
Frauds in purchafmg Lands, 3,4, 8, 

10, 12, 13, 14. 
French, 145. 

receive North Indians, 168. 

/GARDNER Richard, 59. 

John, 59. 
Gaundet, Quakers to run, 134. 
General Courts, 57. 
Ghekonna Counfelor, 85. 
Gifborn Lieut. Francis, 174. 
Godfree John, 181. 
Gookin, II. 

Gorton Samuel Jr., 174. 
Gofpelfoid, 31. 
Gould Thomas, 63, 181. 

Garrifon of, 185. 
Governor and Council (fee Council 

Gratuities expefted for Lands, 7. 
Great Neck, 107. 
Green Daniel, 1 8 1. 

John, 174, 181. 
Green River, 180. 
Greenburgh, 109. 

Greenwich, 89. 

Grievances of Indians, 10, 11, iz, 
•3. «4. '5- 

Guns from a Wreck, 56. 
(fee Arms). 


^^ Hadley, 102, I45. 

Hall George, 91. 

Halter broken at Execution, 5. 

Hampton, I. 

Harlem, 109. 

Harris Thomas, 175. 

William, 174, 186. 
Hartford, 49, 89, 96, loi, 145. 
Harvard College, 3. 
Harveft Dance, 34. 
Hadey, 26. 
Hatfield attacked, 143. 
Havens Jack, 184. 
Heathen may be deflroyed, 5. 

Apprchenfions of, 36. 
Heiffcrman William. 180, 181. 
Hell Gate, 92, 93, 94, 154. 
Hcmpftead 76, 107, 119, 162. 
Hicks Thomas, 107, 119. 
Hireling Priefls, 31. 
Holland, 133. 

Holyoke Capt. Samuel, 179. 
Horfes trefpafs upon Indians, 14. 
Hofpital prepared, 134. 

[ 197 ] 

Hoftages given, 14, 21, 64, 76. 
Hoftilities commenced, 6, 16, 17, 

40, 41, 46. 
Houlden Capt. Randall, 174. 
Houics burned, 2, 19, 42, 177, 

178, 179, 180. 
Houfe of Corrcflion for Quakers, 

Howell Capt. John, 77, 96, 97. 
Rowland Low, 182, 183, 184. 
Hudfon River, 109, 171. 
Huntington, 128. 
Hutchinfon Capt., 40. 

ridge, 150. 
Indians, one of the, found dead, i . 

taught the Ufe of Firearms, 9. 

hung, 4. 

admitted as Jurors, 10. 

complain oflnjuftice, 10, 11, 
12. 13, 14, 15, 22. 

receive Englifli kindly, 12. 

Grievances, 10, 11, 12, 13, 
14, 15, 22. 

Plots, 5, 6, 23, 33, 34, 36, 
54, 68. 

one of Kings of to be Arbi- 
trator, 9. 

Criminal Law of, 10. 

give Lands to the Englifh, 7. 

liansoppofe Chriftianity, 10, 42. 
one of beheaded, 28. 
one of decreped and borne off 

- on Son's Back, 28. 
dcfirc Peace, 29. 
Feftivitics of, 34, 126, 127. 
difaffeftcd, 38. 
Rebellion of, 49. 
Aggreflion upon, 51, 54, 57. 
not to bedifturbcd, 71. 
Vifit the Governor, 76. 
cheated, 14 (fee Frauds), 
intoxicated, 13, 15. 
injured by Trefpaflcs, 14. 
Confpiracy formed, 14. 
Hoftilities premature, 14. 
unaccufl:omed to Fences, 15. 
begin Hoftilities, 6, 16, 17, 

40, 41, 46. 
one of the, killed by a Lad, 1 6. 
a Oucen among friendly, 17, 

18, 20, 22. 
Expedition againft, incffcftual. 

hold a Treaty, 20, 21. 
forced to a Treaty, 21. 

;ians warn Englifh of Danger, 24. Inc 

vvifh not to begin the War, 24. 

attacked, 25, 27, 28. 

difarmed, 25, 64, 65, 66, 96, 
97, III, 137, 138. 

Forbearance of, 2'. 

Bounties offered for, 26. 

to receive Juftice, 73, 80, 81, 
96,97, 139, 147. 

deprived of Canoes, 76,93,94. 

receive Prcfents, 76. 

bring Prefcnts to Governor, 76. 

one of the, fent as Exprefs, 77, 
78, 80, 83. 

Arms reftored to certain, 79, 
119, 165. 

idle Rumors concerning to be 
punifhcd, 80. 

Exprefs from Nantucket, con- 
cerning, 82. 

Strength of on Nantucket and 
Martha's Vineyard, 82. 

Sachem of Montauk, Memo- 
rial in Behalf of, 83. 

friendly to Englifh, 83. 

defire Proteaion, 84. 

religiousTeachings among, 86. 

Books tranflated for, 87. 

Rumors of Attack upon Hart- 
ford, 89, 101. 

rumored Attack, Nevefans, 90. 

lians, Vote on felling Powder and 

Liquors to be withheld from, 

91, 106. 
to obtain PafTes, 94. 
to be protefted, 96, 147. 
Powder may be fold to, 103, 

in Arms in Stanford, 104. 
Powder to be withheld from, 

106, 114, 115. 
Canoes flopped, 109. 
Mohegan, 1 1 4. 
at Efopus, fears of, 1 16. 
Rumors of HoiHlities, 116. 
none live on Statcn Ifland, 117. 
Sufquehanna, I 24. 
fpecial Warrant for difarming, 

Kintecoys of, 126. 

mblc from their 


Pcquot, 140, 141. 

purfued and flain, 140, 141. 

attack Hatfield, 143. 

torture a Prifbner, 144. 

French, 145. 

allowed to plant on Manhattan 

Ifland, 147. 
notified of Gov. 's Arrival, 153, 

[ 199 ] 

Indians, Conncaicut fends Agents 
with Propofais to engage, 
Canoes to be reftored, 165, 

fummoned to meet Gov., 167. 
North River, received by 

French, 148. 
allowed to pals on Sound, 1 6). 
indidled, 174. 
fold for limited Period, 175. 
fentenced to be (hot, 177, 178, 

180, 181. 
Great Falls Fight with, 179. 
Prifoners demanded by Ply- 
mouth, 187, 188. 
tranfported, 188, 189. 
Indiftment of Indians, 1 74. 
Infantry employed, 19. 
Innovations, 31. 
Inftruftions to Frank Lee, 60. 
Inftruaions to Mr. Welch, 53. 
Intercourfe with Bofton fufpendcd, 

Interview with Philip, 5, 6, 7, 8. 
Interpreter, Arnold, 166. 
Ipfwich, I. 

Iroquois, Emigration of, 168. 
Ifraelites deftroyed for Wickednefs, 

JAMAICA, 65, 76. 
James II, 57. 
James Rev. Thomas, 87. 
Jealoufy between Whites and In- 
dians, 5, 6, 8, 23, 24,33, 
Jefuit among Mohawks, 125. 
Job, an Indian, 182. 
John, an Indian, i So. 
Juftice to be granted to Indians, 73. 

ly-ENNEBEC, 57. 

■'^ King Charles II, 7, 29, 174. 

King Dr. David, 175, 186. 

Kingftown, 62, 63, 104. 

Kintecoy, 126, 127. 

Knapton C^efar, 103, 114. 

r AND, Frauds in purchafing, 3, 

10, 12, 


LaPrairc, 168. 

Lawrence James, 44, 64, 71, 82. 

Lead to be withheld, 1 1 4. 

Lee Franck, 60. 

Leete Samuel, 142. 

William, III, 113. 
Letters from Gov. Lovelace. 33, 
36, 38. 

from Gov. John Winthrop, 40. 

from New London, 42. 

[ 200 ] 

Letters from Gov. E. Andros, 46, 
65, 77, 80, 88, 89, 100, 
I03, 104, 109, 113, 117, 
119, 124, 130. 
from Gov. Codrington, 62. 
from Lt. Gov. BrockhoUs, 68. 
from Rev. Tho. James, 86. 
from Gov. Coddington, 1 32. 
from John Stanton, 132. 
Levies of Troops, how made, 26. 
Lex talionis difapproved, 8. 
Liberty of Confcience, 133. 
Lilly Henry, Marfhal and Cryer, 

174, 188. 
Liquors fold to Indians, 15. 
given Indians, 76. 
prohibited Indians, 90, 106. 
Livingfton Robert, 149, 151. 
Longlfland, 33, 34, 49, 64, 65, 72, 
73. 74. 76, 77. 78. 79. 
81, 88, 91, 94, 98, III, 
137. 138, 139. j6i, 165, 

Long Neck, 166, 169. 
Lovelace Francis, Letters of, 33, 36. 
Loveridge William, 150. 
Low Anthony, 1 88, 189. 
Luycas and Chriftian, 160. 

\/TAD Nan's Neck, 107, 108. 

Magirtracy fubfervient, 31. 
Mahicanders, 167. 
Mahycanders, 114, 115. 


. 57- 

MalafTes, 188. 

Mamuxack, 184, 185, 188. 

Manchefler William, 183. 

Manafles, 182, 183. 

Manor of Pelham, 64. 

Maques, 103, 114, 124, 125,15 

156, 165, 167. 
Martha's Vineyard, 1 1, 57, 60, 8 

Martin's Vineyard (fee Martha's V 
Maryland, I 24. 
Mafhapeage, 1 17. 
Maflachuictts, II, 12, 20, 21, 2 

100, 124, 132, 133, 14 
Maflachufetts Indian, 3. 
Maflachufetts Mediation, 7, 19. 
MafTafoit, 12, 13. 
Match, 58, 59, 60. 
Mather Dr. Increafe, 4. 
Matowat, 182. 
Mattafhinnamy, 4. 
Mayhew Thomas, 57, 60. 
Mayhews labors of with Indians, 1 
Mayor, 142, 164. 
Mediation offered, 6, 7, 8, 18. 
iicccpted, 137, 

[ 20I ] 

Memori il of Montauk Sachem, 83. 
Merrimack, 25. 
Meflenger fent to Philip, 6. 

to be feized, 66. 
Metropolitan Town of Indians, 141. 
Middleborough, 2. 
Militia may be called out, 1 1 8. 
Minifters denounced, 134. 

filenced, 133. 
Mob at Bollon, 22. 
Mohawks (iee Maques). 
Mohegans, 42, 109, 114. 
Molafles, 182, 183, 185. 
Money of Colony, 115. 
Montauks aid Englilh, 84. 
Montauk Sachem's Memorial, 83. 
Montauk ravaged by Narraganfets, 

Monugabongun, 81;. 
Morton, Thomas, 9. 
Mofcley Capt. 21, 143. 
Molher Enf. Hugh, i 74. 
MoiTup, Sachem, 85. 
Mount Hope, 19, 20. 
Mumuxuack, 183. 
Murder of Geo. Craft's Wife, 180. 

by Indians, 40. 

of Indian, 2. 
Murderers executed, 4. 
Mufkets fent to Nantucket, ;8, 60. 

to Vineyard, 59, 60. 

X^ANTUCKET, 11, 57, ; 

■^^ 59, 60, 82, 165. 

Narraganfetts, 6, 10, 13, 16, I 7, 2 
21, 22, 23, 26, 27, ■. 
33, 46, 48, 62, 76, • 
83, 84, III, 140, 14 
175, 178, 180, 181, 18 

Narraganfet Bay, 12, 18. 
aganfct Country, 137. 


V Rivci 

Nafliaway, 177. 
Natick, 3. 
Navefmk, 90. 
Nechett, 178, 179. 
Nenecraft, 83, 84. 

Nefaquakes, 66. 

Nevafan?, rumored attack upon, 9 


irk Bay 

;, 90. 

Newburgh, i. 

New England, 114, 124, 125, 17 

Charter, 57. 

Money, 115. 

Troops, .73. 
Newefing, 90. 
New Jerfey, 90. 
New London, 42, 52, 53. 
New Plymouth (fee Plymouth). 
Newport, 2, 33, 175, 177, i8( 
187, 189. 

[ 202 ] 

Newport Court Martial, 173. 
Newtown, 76. 

New York, 6, 30, 57, 58, 61, 69, 

Gov. Arbitrator, 9, 15. 

claims E. Boundary, 44, 51. 
Nichols Matthias, 142. 
Nicolls Col. Francis, 116. 
Night Watch, 16. 
Ninfecraft, 33, 34. 
Nonoet Peter, 183. 
Northampton, 179. 
North Hempftead, 107. 
North Indians, 114, 146, 147, 153, 
165, 166. 

/-j.'^SUCK, .4+. 
^^ Ohom, 183. 
Old Indian Chronicle, 17. 
Omen in lunar Eclipfe, 19. 
Oracle, ambiguous, 24. 
Order, to reinforce the building of 
Blockhoufes, 88. 

to difarm the Indians, 96. 

to all the Towns within the 

forcing the Watch, 98. 
for Oyller Bay to fortify, 105. 
about felling Powder to the 

Indians, 106. 

Order for the Inhabitants of Mad 
Nan's Neck to make a 
Blockhoiifc, 107. 

for all Indians on Long Ifland 
to bedifarmedatthis Junft- 
ure, and that none ramble 
from Place to Place, &c , 

to Lieut. Teunile to demand 
Chriftian Prifoners of the 
Indians, 148. 

to confine Wm. Loveridge, 1 50. 

made at Albany about felling 
of Powder to the Indians 
there, ,52. 

fent to the Towns of the Weft 
and North Ridings, by 
Capt. Wm. Dyrc, 162. 
Orgies, Indian, 126. 
Oyfter Bay, 70. 

to fordfy, 105. 

pALMER, William, 109. 

Pafs to be taken by Boats 
paffing Hellgatc, i 54. 
Patent of N, Y. extends E. to Ct,, 
44. S'- 
Encroachments repelled, 131. 
Patterfliall Richard, 159. 

Peace defired, 29. 

[ 203 ] 

Peace to be made at Albany, 71. 
between Maques and Mohe- 
gans. 114. 

Peconlc Bay. 65. 

Peirce Nehemiah, 120. 

Pell John, 64, 77, 91, 92, 94, 166, 

Pelham, 64, 96, 169. 

Pemaquid, 57. 

Penalty for felling Powder, 115. 

Penny mans James, 120, 121, 123. 

Pequot, 42, 83, 140, 141. 

Perfecution of Quakers (fee Quakers) 

Pettacomfcutt, 177, 180. 

Pettyquamfott, 21. 

Pewanafuck, 180. 

Philip, 3, 4, 5,6, 7, 8,9, II, 12, 
14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 
41, 102, 136, 148, 173, 
175, 186. 

Philips Frederick, 71,82,111,114, 
120, 129, 136, 146, 153, 
I 54, 158, 160, 164, 169. 

Pilot, 58, 60. 

Pinnace, 77- 

Pitkin Wm., 155, 156, 158. 

Planting Ground injured, 6. 

Plots of Indians, 83. 

Plundering of Houfes, 1 6. 

Plunder offered to volunteer Parties, 

Plymouth, I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 
12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 
20, 21, 26, 29, 38, 46, 
48, 54, 58, 62, 124, 146, 
demands Prifoners, 187, 188. 

Pocaffct, 13, 26, 183, 185. 

Pocaffett Side, 182. 

Poifoning alleged, 13, 14. 
Pokanoket, 6. 
Poole, Capt. 143. 
Port eftabhfhed, 47. 
Potter Enf John, 1 74. 
Powder to be fentto Nantucket, 58. 
to be fold to Indians, 71. 
to Indians, Vote concerning 

Sale of, 91. 
to be fold freely to Maques, 103. 
to be withheld from Indians, 

114. US- 
Letter of N. Pierce concern- 
fold by N. Pierce, 121. 
Camplaint againll Sale, 122. 
Quantity fold, 122. 
to Indian?, Letter to Governor 

R. L concerning, 130. 
Veffel detained on Account of, 

to Indians Afperfion repelled, 

I 204 

Powder furnilhcd by French, 145. 

faidtobe procured fromDutcli, 
Prence Thomas, 38. 
Prefents to Indians, 16. 
Priefts, 24. 

Indian, oppofeChrirtianity, 10. 

New England, 30. 
Princetown, 185. 
Prifoners fold as Slaves, 21. 

exported, 21. 

Narrative of, I43. 

tortured, 144. 

Order for, 148. 
Proclamation of War not made, 27. 

to be ifliied, 73. 

fent, 78, 80. 

about Blockhoufes, 74, 88, 92. 

about Canoes, 94. 
Propofals of Agents of Ct., I 56. 
Providence, 62, 173, 175, 186. 

Plantations, 175. 
Pimckateft, 182. 

Pynchon Major John, loO, 122, 

Quakers, i, 30, 70, 186. 
Quakers perfecuted, 134. 
Quanachuagat, 188. 
Quanpen, 175, 177, 178, 180. 

Quafquomack, 182. 

Ouecn, Indian, friendly, 17, 22. 

Queens County, 76, 107, 117. 

Quincy, 9. 

Quonaehevvacout, 181. 

■n ARITAN River, 90. 

Rates to be levied, 162. 

Rebellion, what to conftitute, 44. 

Refugees from their Homes receiv- 
ed, 137. 

Religious Intolerance, i . 

Religion among Montauks, 86. 

Report of Indian Hoftilities to be 
made, 74. 

Revenues of his Royal Highnefs, 

Rhode inand, 1,7,12,16,18,21 
22, 29, 30, 33, 36, 5: 
53, 62, 129, 130, 13: 
•35. 136. 137,147,160, 
173. 174. 175. 187. «88, 
Indians fent off from, 27. 
People confer with Philip, 5 , 7 . 

Richmond, Edward, Sec, 174, 189 

Riotous Conduft of Morton, 9. 

River Indians, 1 14, 145, 146. 

Rockaway, 76, 117, 126. 

Rogers James, Gen. Serg., 174. 

Rogers Sergt., Man owned by, 185, 

[ 205 

Royal Highnefs, 45, 46, 49, 51, 

130, 156, 162. 
Rumors of Ind. Hoftlities, 6, 33, 36, 

RufTcll Jofeph, 73, 74. 


Sagamack, ordered to difperfc, 

Saljfbury Capt., 164. 

Salmon Clement, 123. 

Sanford Capt. Peleg, 174. 

Saflamon John, 3, 5, 14, 16. 

Savage Major, 20. 

Schoolcraft Henry R., 126. 

Scott, John, 1 79. 

Seabrooke, 49, 53, 55, 64. 

Seatalcott, 68, 77. 

Seatauque, 137. 

Seaquitalke, 126. 

Seekonk, I2. 

Secretary of New York, 44, 64, 7 1 , 
82, III, 114, 120, 121, 
136, 146, 153,154, 158, 
160, 164, 169, 171. 

Seconot, 18. 

Sentence of Indians, 177, 178, 180, 

Sequetauke, 137. 

Setaukct, 65. 

Sharpc Thomas, 103. 
Sergt., 166. 

Shelter Ifland, 72, 79, 96. 

Shot Vote on felling to Indians, 19. 

Silvefter, William, 54. 

Sinnekes, 103, 114, 124, 125, 156, 

Skins prcfented, 76. 

for Clothing, 85. 
Slavery limited, R. I., 175. 
Slaves, Indians fold as, 21, 22, 25. 

Indians may be fold as, 188. 
Sloop fent to R. I. for Refiigees, 
160, 161. 

ient eaftward, 54, 58, 60. 

to cruife in Sound, 77, 78, 80. 

to Efopus, 104. 

to Rhode Idand, 130. 

ufed in tranfporting Wounded, 

returns from R. I., 164. 
Smith Richard, 40. 
Smith Mr., 66. 
Sogkonate, 18. 
Southampton, 58, 65, 79, 86, 96, 

137. 139- 
Southold, 54, 57, 61, 78. 
South Kingfton, 173. 
Sowagonifh, 175, 177. 

Spain, 22. ^ 
Spiting Devil, 147. 
Sprague Capt., 21. 

[ 2o6 

of, 1 

Stanford, 1 66. 

Stanton John, 1 40. 

Staten Ifland, 117. 

Stirling, Earl of, 57. 

Stony Brooi;, 66. 

Strongholds for Women and Child- 
ren. 73. 74, 75. 88, 92, 
98, 105. 

Suffolk Co., 65, 66. 

Sunkeecunfuck, 178. 

Superfttion on account of Eclipfc, 

Surrender of Saybrook refufed, 49. 

Sufquehanna Indians, 1 24. 

Suton Michael, 151. 

Swamp Fight, 28, 177. 

Swanfea, 6, 17, 19, 20, 

Swanzca, 12. 

npAPPAN, 76. 

-^ Taunton, 6, 8. 
Taunton River, 184. 
Terry Thomas, 34. 
Tetticut Indian, 2. 
Teunife Lieut. Gerret, 148, 149. 
Thenford, 65. 

Toby, 183. 

Tom, an Indian, 76. 
Topping John, Letter to 77. 
Topping John, 91, 96, 97. 
Torture of Indians, 22. 

of a Prifoner by Indians, 144. 
Townfend, Henry and Richard, 70. 
Tranfportation of Indians, 188, 189 
Treaties, 20, 137. 
Tribute of Wolves' Heads, 9. 

paidbyLonglflandlnd'ns, 34. 

paid to Narraganfets, 72, 76, 
79. 83- 
Troops, 26. 

fent for by Nantucket, 82. 
dcfired, 132. 
Turner Capt. Wm., 179, 180, 181. 

T TMPIRE, 8, 15, 29, 30. 
^ Uncas,42. 
Unchechauge, 126, 137. 
Unquechauge, 65. 
United Colonies, 8, 23, 25, 132. 

-yOLKERT Capt., 149. 
^ Vote on felling Powder to ]n- 

TTT-ABINO, 126. 
^^ Wachufett, 185. 

[ 207 ] 

Wamprnogas, 12, 173. 
Wa npanooag'% 178. 
Wampum, Value of as Money, 115. 
War, Law of Arms violated, 31. 

begun before proclaimed, 27. 

began, 6, 1 6, 17, 40, 41, 46. 

declared by United Colonics, 
Warrant for difarming Indians I 26. 
Warren, R. I. i 2. 
Warner, Thomas, 143. 
Warwick. 173, 178, 179, 186. 
Waflafamon, 3. 
Watch kept on R. I., 16. 

to be kept, 58,64, 75,78,80, 
82,88, 98, 166. 


Wechanckfum, 185. 
Weckquafkecks. 109. 
Wecopeak John, 180, 181. 
Wcetamoo, 13, 14, 26, 183, 184. 
Weghqueghe, 109. 
Welch William, 52, 53. 
Wenunaquabin, 178, 179. 
Weftchefter, 109. 
Weftchefter County, 94, 1 09, 1 69. 
Whaweapunet, 1 84. 
Whawinucklliin, 185. 
Whipple John Jun., 175. 
Wichquaefqiicecks, 109. 
Wicker's Ci-eck, 109, 147, 153. 

Wildborc Capt. Samuel, 174. 

Will, Indian, 85. 

Will, Philip's, 3. 

Willct Capt., 13. 

Williams Roger, i, 10, 175. 

Capt. Roger, 174. 
Willis Samuel, 155, 156, 158. 
Wilfon, Mr,, 121. 
Windfor, Ct., 102. 
Winllow Jofiah, 26, i 88. 

Governor, 23. 

Major, 13, 14. 
Winthrop Major, 52, 53, 54. 
Winthrop John, Gov., Letter of, 
40. 51, 52,54, 62. 

Letter to, 46. 
Wolafton Capt., 9. 
Wolves' Heads as Tribute, 9. 
Wonolancet, 25. 
Woodcock, 182. . 
Woodhull Richard, 65. 

Mr., Letter to, 78. 
Wounded received, 132, 134. 
Wreck, Guns from, 56. 
Wuttauntoquim, 85. 
Wyckerfcrceke, 169, 170. 
Wyfquaqua, 1 09. 

Y'OUNG, Capt. John, 54. 











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