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The National 


*? more pull-power 

wHfi a McCormick FAftMAli Super CI 

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glad to let you try the Super C. Try hydraulic Remote-Control 
of the disk gangs. See how the big steering wheel, double-disc 
brakes, and swinging drawbar help you turn short in loose soil. 

Congratulations to FFA 

International Harvester, as a sponsor of the 
National FFA Foundation, congratulates the 
Future Farmers of America upon their 
admirable record of progress through the 
years, and extends best wishes for their 25th 
Anniversary year, 195 3- 

International Harvester also extends best 
■wishes to the new magazine. National Future 
Farmer. We are happy to be among the adver- 
tisers in this first issue. It is our hope that 
National Future Farmer may enjoy many years 
of useful service to the farm youth of America. 


PROVE TO YOURSELF that the Super C is the champion of its 
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power class. Test its pull-power, ease of 
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and let the Super C pay for itself in use. 


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Enjoy the Voice of Firestone on radio or television every Monday evening over NBC 

Copyright, 1952, The Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. 


Donald Staheli President 

Hurricane, Utah 

Gerald M. Reynolds Vice President 

Corfu, New York 

Billy Howard Vice President 

Plains, Georgia 

Dallas High ... .Vice President 

Ohio City, Ohio 

Duane Drushella Vice President 

Sc/o, Oregon 

Charles Ocker Student Secretary 

Comeron, Missouri 

W. T. Spanton Adviser 

Washington, D. C. 

A. W. Tenney - Executive Secretary 

Washington, D. C. 

Dowell J. Howard...- Treasurer 

Richmond, Virginia 

Magazine Staff 

La no Barron Editor 

Barbara Blond ell Editorial Assistant 

Edith Stafford Editorial Assistant 

V. Stanley Allen Circulation Manager 

Bill Prince .Advertising Manager 

The National FUTURE FARMER is pub- 
lished quarterly at 404 North Wesley Avenue, 
Mount Morris, Illinois, by the Future Farmers 
of America, Inc., Box 1180, Alexandria, Vir- 

The National FFA Board of Directors: W. T. 
Spanton, Chairman, L C. Dalton, H. N. 
Hansucker, Carl M. Humphrey George H. 
Hurt, E. J. Johnson, R. E. Nauqher, H. B. 
Swanson, and A. W. Tenney. 

Subscription price is 25c per year, five 
years for $1.00. Single copies, 10c in the 
United States. 

Application for entry as second-class matter 
is pending at the Post Office at Mount Mor- 
ris, Illinois. 

The National 

1 1 1 

Write for 



Official Jewelers for F.F.A. 

Future Farmer 

7 ho Official Magazine of the Future Farmers ol America 

FALL, 1952 



From the Editor's Desk 4 

From Your Letters 6 

Do Unto Others 6 

Feeding, Fitting, Showing Jack Putman 8 

A Dream Comes True. Bill Harrell 10 

The Revolution in Agriculture Louis Bromfield I I 

The Yuma Story Bob Taylor 12 

How to Present Awards George P. Couper 14 

Beginning with the Best Lloyd Clyburn 15 

Pictorial I 6 

Country Minded People J. Frank Dobie 17 

They Get Around John Farrar 18 

The Strikeout Man Harold Heifer 20 

Farming Knights of Texas : J. A. Hart 22 

The Changing South H. B. Dixon 23 

Arkansas Digs Out Justin Richardson 27 

Farmer of Tomorrow 28 

World's Largest FFA Livestock Show Gordon Kelm 30 

Picture page — 32 

Can You Top This? 34 

Preview of '52 Convention 34 

$10,000 Worth of Rats Milton Kohrs 36 

NFA Award Winners of 1952 Bert J. Andrews 38 

Examples of Success Lee Pasternack 39 

Broiler Tests Harold A. Mostrom 45 

There's Money in Rabbits John Mette 46 

The First One Doesn't Have a Chance 48 


the young man in the picture is How- 
ard W. Miller. Jr.. now of the United 
States Navy, but formerly of the 
Wildhorse Ranch, Tucson, Arizona. 

He is a graduate of Marana High 
School and has had one year of agri- 
culture at the University of Arizona. 
While in high school he held chapter 
offices of secretary, treasurer, and 
vice president. 

He was a member of three state 
winning judging teams (Meats, Live- 
stock and Dairy cattle) that went on 
to national competition. In both the 
livestock and dairy cattle national 
judging contests he won the Indi- 
vidual Bronze Emblem Award, while 
his team came in for Honorable Men- 
tion on each. 

Oh, yes. There is a girl in the pic- 
ture. She is Miss America of 1950, 
Miss Jaque Mercer. Sorry, fellows, 
but space prohibits further details on 
the young lady. (Kodnc/irome by Ray 
Manley, Western Ways) 

These four Farmer-Statesmen 
found the "Roots of Freedom" in the soil! 

You can help preserve that freedom through sound soil conservation 

Your freedom . . . America's freedom ... is rooted in the topsoil 
Washington knew this when he spoke out for soil conserva 
tion. Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln knew it when they 
spoke for agriculture. Because they were farmers themselves 
all four knew that hunger and poverty breed war and strife . . 
that food and the products of the farm are powerful weapons 
for peace and freedom. They knew, too, that America's agri 
culture and the enterprising American farmer were, and are 
keys to American greatness . . . that the industry of the soil was 
after all, the basic industry of any nation. 

Today, those things . . . the peace and freedom that hinge on 
farm production . . . are in the hands of you, the American 
farmer. That is why soil conservation is important both to you 
and to America. 

Year after year more of America's future washes away — 
needlessly. Is anything being done about it? Yes, thousands of 
modern farmers like yourself are seeing the need for sound 
conservation practices and are attacking the problem. Typical 
are the farmers who have organized and manage 2300 non- 
political Soil Conservation Districts. Sure, it has cost them 
some money as an original investment. But ask a soil con- 
servation man and he'll tell you that his land pays him many 
times over what he puts into it. Increased production pays back 
the principal plus increased yields. Then too, the generations 
of the future who will continue to live by the land, will benefit 
as even you do. 

If you are interested in the program of Soil Conservation 
Districts, see your MM dealer today or write to the United 
States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. Ask for 
complete information on establishing a soil conservation dis- 
trict in your neighborhood. You too, will find that the "Roots 
of Freedom" are in the topsoil . . . and they will be stronger 
because of you. 


• Soil Conservation Districts are made possible by your own state laws. 

• Operate independently of any federal law or regulation. 

• Do not handle any such federal programs as marketing agreements, market 
quotas, acreage allotment ar crop insurance. 

• Get the conservation job done by local people through local effort in the 
American way, 

• There is no charge for the technical and other district help that is available to 
apply a conservation. plan to your farm. -^^ 

..-- ' - . " ' "-.^ .."«--.- 




Here It Is! 


9 Designed for use by FFA members. Requested by thirty 
State Associations and approved by the National Board of Stu- 
dent Officers. Standard 3-ring, 8'/2 x I I inches, with a snap 
lock. Made of English saffian grained fabrikoid in blue with 
lettering and emblem stamped in gold. Cover treated with 
plastic for hard wear. Have your Chapter order in quantity. 

Item NB-1 

. I to 12 $1.00 each 

12 to 24 .95 each 

24 or more .90 each 

(Please include check or money order with this order) 


Box 1180, Alexandria, Virginia 

Item No. NB-1 Classroom Notebook 

@ each $ 

Ship to: 


Address ... Route Box. 

City.. State 

From the 


when your eyes come to rest upon 
these words, pause for a moment and 
join me in dedicating this, our new 
magazine, to our mothers. 

Since the beginning of the FFA, 
fathers and sons have been linked to- 
gether in everything from banquets 
to farming partnerships. Not that our 
dads deserve less recognition — but 
since we have overlooked our moth- 
ers for so long, let's dedicate the 
magazine to their honor. 

It is altogether fitting and proper 
that we should do this. The purpose 
of the magazine itself is almost syn- 
onymous with the high ideals our 
mothers hold up to us. 

Aren't they always trying to en- 
courage and inspire us on to greater 
achievement? What mother does not 
want for her son a finer way of life? 
What mother is not eternally trying 
to teach her son to be more tolerant 
and understanding of friends and 

Letters have come to us from 
mothers whose sons are in Korea. 
They have borne a note of sadness 
and concern ranging from ". . . and 
that is the end for him" to "I, as his 
mother, hope in your magazine you 
can do something to help bring about 
peace in our world." 

Ironically, our reading of the let- 
ters has been punctuated by the 
sound of huge artillery and angry 
machine-gun fire as men in a nearby 
army camp were being trained to kill. 

These war-like interruptions of the 
peaceful countryside here tend to 
give us a feeling of hopelessness. But 
yielding to this feeling would be trea- 
son to the trust and the prayers of 
our mothers. Instead, we take cour- 
age — knowing that even a small boy 
can disturb a mighty river just by 
tossing in a stone. 

So, here's a magazine to the honor 
of our mothers. And may God bless 
them — your mother and mine. 

C&ZfW' A&Z&bor^) 

♦U.S. Pat. No. 2,529,494 


Naugatuck Chemical Division, Naugatuck, Conn. 

manufacturers of seed protectants — Spergon, Spergon-DDT, Spergon-SL, Spergon-DDT-SL, Phygon Seed Protectant, 
Phygon Naugets, Phygon -XL- DDT, Thiram Naugets — fungicides — Spergon Wettable, Phygon-XL— insecticides — 
Synklor-48-E, Synklor-50-W— fungicide-insecticides — Spergon Gladiolus Dust, Phygon Rose Dust — miticides — Aramite. 

<2)o QfrUb 0/AeU 

Two CARE gifts of hand tools and a "bullock" plow were sent to India 
by the Future Farmers of Essex County Agricultural School in Massa- 

The boys were amply reioarded when the recipient of the hand tool 
package sent them the following letter: 

THE "good shepherd" agricultural mission 
Director: Rev. Maxton D. Strong Tanakpur , U. P., India 

April 28, 1952 
Essex Chapter of the FFA 
Essex County Agricultural School 
Hathorne, Mass., U.S.A. 

Dear Friends: 

We are very happy to have received through CARE, New 
Delhi, a package of hand tools donated by you. I am sure 
you will be glad to learn how they have been disposed of. 

These tools have been taken back 100 miles into the 
Himalayas to the end of the motor road in our truck. From 
there they have to be transported further on a narrow 
mountain trail by coolie or pack horse to the town of 
Dharchula. There they will be distributed among a group of 
Indian Christians by a missionary who works with them. 
These Christians are very poor and oppressed. They do a 
little farming for themselves but mostly hire out as farm 
laborers. The custom is that they must furnish their own 
implements when working for others, and the merchants who 
rent them the tools charge an outrageous rental. Therefore, 
by having their own tools, and superior tools at that, they 
should be in a position to make more money and to be more 
in demand because they do better work. We know they are 
very grateful to their fellow Christians across the sea 
who have made this possible. 

We, ourselves, are "missionary farmers," coming from farm 
homes in Oklahoma and Iowa. My wife belonged to the 4-H 
Club there, and I was a Future Farmer in Oklahoma. 

Here at the base of the Himalaya mountains in northern 
India, right on the border of restless Nepal, is a vast area 
of heretofore mostly uncultivated land. The Government 
has granted us 160 acres, and we have begun a training farm 
for Anglo-Indian young people. Boys and girls between the 
ages of 15 and 20 with parents of different races (European 
fathers and Indian mothers) come here to learn mechanized 
farming methods and homemaking. While here they are taught 
how to follow Christ and live a real Christian life, and 
we seek to instill in them the desire to give their lives 
into His service. Most of them are orphans or unwanted 
children brought up in orphanages. 

We wish to thank you very much for the gift of these 
implements, which has made it possible for us to minister 
to those around us who are in great need--need of bread 
for their bodies and need of the Bread of Life for their 

In the service of Christ, 


(The Ed< < would like to commend the FFA of Essex County Agri- 
cultural Scht and all others here unrecognized, for acts such as this. 
Certainly that pi r of our motto, "Living to serve," has a deeper meaning 
for them.) 

editor's note: In June, we polled last 
year's American Farmers and Na- 
tional Convention Delegates to see if 
we really did know what Future 
Farmers wanted in their magazine. 
As you might imagine, we received 
many interesting suggestions. We 
thought you ivould like to read some 
of them: 

Columbus, Ohio 

"Maybe an article on our Future 
Farmers away from home in the serv- 
ice would be interesting for some 
boys that will have to be looking for- 
ward to the service." 

Clarence E. Cannon 

Pittsburg, Texas 

"An article on different breeds of 
livestock. An article on different 
crops and grasses. An article on farm 
safety. An article on special dates to 
remember (reminders). An article on 
some disease of livestock." 

Billy Paul Russell 

Farmville, Virginia 

"Less success stories and more of 
the kind of material people like to 
read (fiction, humor, practical in- 

Eric L. Robiixson 

Alamo, Nevada 

"An article on an outstanding state 
association and how it operates. Arti- 
cle on outstanding state conventions. 
Article on well-qualified state asso- 
ciation leaders. And one on how to 
be a good state or national officer." 

Jay Wright 

Murray, Kentucky 

"Give different types of animals 
found on farms in this country. Hints 
on jobs that can be performed by dif- 
ferent pieces of farm equipment. Give 
up-to-date farm practices of modern 
farmers. Make them practical." 

Dan Shipley 

Waukesha, Wisconsin 

"What is ahead for the graduate of 
1952? How important is a college edu- 
cation for a farm youth?" 

Alvin Basse 

Buffalo, Wyoming 

"Articles written by state and na- 
tional officers past and present. More 
stories on the national organization as 
a whole. Article on Future Farmers 
of Japan." 

Jim Crain 

Master Tool 
of Soil 

All soils, while satisfying hungers, themselves 
become hungry. Like the sow with a large litter, 
the fount of nourishment must itself be fed and 
renewed: not any old time: not eventually; but 
continually . . . and in time. 

Many soil-nourishing elements in manure are 
either volatile and easily dissipated in the at- 
mosphere ... or leachable. quickly disappear- 
ing into creeks, streams and rivers. There's one 
sure way to save these important, life-giving, 
fertile soil-building elements ... by quickly 
returning them to the soil. 

New Idea Manure Spreaders — because of their 
thorough shredding and spreading — have been 
the master tool of soil building for over 52 
years. Today, even more than yesterday, this 
soil-conserving, fertility-building tool is a must 
on our labor-short farms whose increasing size 
demands highly mobile, dependable, quick- 
spreading machines. 

Illustrated literature, describing NEW IDEA Spreaders and 
other NEW IDEA specialized farm machines will be sent 
upon request. 

Mew I dea 



Dept. 645, Coldwater, Ohio 


American Royal Winner 
Gives helpful tips on 



Oklahoma FFA Executive Secretary 


ray gene cinnamon was repairing the roof on one of his 
barns when we drove up in front of his neat farm home 
near Garber in Garfield County, Oklahoma. 

As he came forward to greet us, our mind flashed back 
to five years ago when this same young farmer striding 
toward us had received the plaudits of a whole nation as 
America's top farm boy. 

"He hasn't changed much." we thought. He still has 
that typical American farm boy look — that shy grin, an 
honest, freckled face — topped off by a shock of sandy hair. 

His was a face, we well remembered, that photog- 
raphers had "gone for" in a big way back in 1947 when he 
had been selected Star Farmer of America at the national 
FFA Convention in Kansas City. They posed him kissing 
the American Royal queen (a picture he still kids his wife 
about) and showing his steer the $1,000 check he received 
for winning Star Farmer. 

No. five years hadn't made much change — we thought! 
But then out the back door in a dead run came the little 
Cinnamons — Eldon Ray, 3. followed closely by Jeanie, 2. 
And once in the house we met the other members of the 
fast-growing Cinnamon tribe — Libby, the home town girl 
Ray Gene married a few months before he received the 
Star Farmer award, and Donna Sue. 1. 

Offhand, to look at the size of his family and the size 
of his farming operations, it's hard to imagine that this 
serious-minded young farmer is only 24. He farms 800 
acres of land, half of which is in wheat, and runs 60 head 
of Angus beef cattle at the present. 

But we had come to talk with Ray Gene about his 
steer feeding projects back in his heyday of showing as a 
Future Farmer of America. The Garber chapter had pro- 
duced a long string of champions under the guidance of 
Benton Thomason, and we were interested in learning 
first-hand from one of the chapter's top showmen how 
they did it. 

Ray Gene had his share of good steers. But his big 
winner had been a typie Shorthorn, "Skeeter," which had 
won the county, district and state shows in Oklahoma 
before he carried him to the American Royal at Kansas 
City in 1944. It was there that "Skeeter" won grand 
champion honors in the junior steer show and then went 
on to place grand champion of the entire show. 

"Skeeter is the steer that put me in business." Ray 
Gene recalled, as he settled down in his favorite living 
room chair to talk livestock with us. Everything that 
happened later — state president, American Farmer, Star 
Farmer of America — all came, Ray Gene thinks, as a 
result of the first big boost he got from showing a grand 
champion steer in the American Royal. 

Ray Gene did with his steer winnings what all voca- 
tional agriculture teachers hope their boys will do. He 
re-invested his profits in his breeding projects. Every 
time he won with a steer, he invested in Angus heifers. 

"What advice can you give Future Farmers who want 
to feed out, fit and show steers?" we asked. 

"That's a big order," he smiled back at us. "One of 



After Ray Gene was made Star American Farmer in 1947 
he let his understanding friend in on the good news. 

these things is just as important as the other and any 
boy who has ever won in the show ring knows you can't 
get far without doing a good job of all three — feeding, 
fitting and showing." 

"Every steer feeder has his own favorite way of feeding 
steers," Ray Gene said as he warmed to his subject. "I'd 
advise a boy to get him a good nurse cow for his calf, if 
he gets his calf at an early age. It will make a better 

"Too. I learned by experience not to feed out a steer in 
a pen by himself. Even if you have to put him with a 
calf that you don't expect to show, it's better to feed out 
two calves at once. The reason? Competition at the feed 

"If you're feeding out just one calf, he's apt to get 
cranky about cleaning up his feed. If he's got competition, 
he'll lick it clean. And after all, that's what you want. 

You have got to keep your calf eating. If he doesn't eat, 
then something's wrong. 

"You've heard some boys called good feeders. Others 
get the reputation for being sorry feeders. In my esti- 
mation, a good feeder is a boy who watches his calf 
closely. He experiments with his rations to find out what 
his calf likes best and what ration will make him do best. 

"But more steers fail to respond to feed because of 
carelessness and irregular feeding than because of the 
ration fed. A boy must have a routine feeding schedule; 
a certain time when he feeds, brushes and trains his calf. 

"That's where parents come in. A boy must have a mom 
and dad who will take a personal interest in his calf. 
When the boy has to be away from home, mom or dad 
must be willing to feed the calf the same as if the boy 
were there. And it helps if mom will keep an eye on the 
calf during the day when son is in school. 

"My biggest asset was having mom take such an in- 
terest in my steers. She used to have "Skeeter" wet down 
every day during the summer when I got in from the 
field. He had a good coat of hair, as a result. 

"There are all kinds of rations. The one I liked best was 
this: Oats, barley, corn, bran, commercial calf concentrate 
and beet pulp. I cooked the corn by itself for two hours, 
then put it through a meat grinder. I mixed the corn with 
the soaked beet pulp, mixed in crimped oats and bran and 
fed along with the concentrate." 

"Now how about showing and fitting your steer?" we 
asked Ray Gene. 

"Fitting is important, competition in the show ring 
being what it is today. A poorly groomed and poorly 
trained steer can drop 10 places in the class. If a boy 
doesn't have any more pride than to drag out a sloppy 

steer, then he should go to the foot of the line! 

"Some people maintain that a steer should be judged 
only on the kind of carcass he'll hang up. All I can say is 
that these critics have missed seeing the gleam of pride 
in the eyes of boys who have spent hours grooming and 
polishing their steers for the big moment when they'll 
lead their animals out in the ring before the crowd. This 
is real character training as well. A boy who takes pride 
in his steer will more often take pride in everything that 
he does. 

"Showing in the ring is an art in itself, and comes only 
through experience and the willingness on the part of the 
boy to learn. Too, the teacher who trains the boy has a 
lot to do with it. If a boy leads his steer in the ring and 
just stands there in a daze, he hasn't had the right kind 
of training. 

"One of the exciting things about a livestock show is to 
watch well-trained showmen work their animals for the 
judges. You find yourself pulling for the boy who does a 
good job of showing, even though his steer may not be 
the best. Showing is part of the game." 

Our time was running short, but we wanted Ray Gene 
to point out one or two important things about fitting a 
steer that he would recommend. 

"In general, keep your steers clean all the time. Too 
many boys come up a couple of days before the show and 
expect their steers to look good when they haven't 
washed them a half dozen times all year. 

"Try your best to see that the steer has a good coat of 
hair by show time. And keep their appetite up — keep 'em 
eating. Take care of them at the show and have them 
"blooming' when you lead them in the show ring." 

There you have it, boys! 

lay Gene and his wife, Libby, show their youngsters, (Eldon Ray, Jeanie, and Donna Sue) daddy's scrapboo 

Georgia's beautiful amphitheatre is dedicated as crowd 
stands in silence while color guard marches into place 


State News Editor, The Atlanta Constitution 

GEORGIA Future Farmers are now 
enjoying the fulfillment of an ag 
teacher's dream which materialized 
through voluntary contributions from 
each member in the state. 

In 1945. R. N. Jones, teacher of ag- 
riculture at Southwest DeKalb High 
School, Decatur, suggested develop- 
ment of an amphitheater as part of 
the facilities at the State Camp on 
Lake Jackson. 

Delegates to the 1946 State Con- 
vention voted to adopt the project on 
a statewide basis, and each boy 
pledged 60 cents toward its construc- 
tion. Two years later, the sum was 
raised 25 cents to meet increased 
building costs. 

A natural site was selected on the 
grounds of the 350-acre State Camp, 
and, with further excavating and 
grading to finish the job done by na- 
ture, the project began to take shape. 

Wooden benches, seating 800, were 
constructed on concrete tiers in the 
picturesque setting almost encircled 
by trees. 

Finally, plans were drawn up for 
dedication of the amphitheater at the 
State Convention. On August 1, 1951, 
in an impressive ceremony, it was 
dedicated to Georgia Future Farmers 
who had served in World War II, 
especially those who had died for their 
country. A bronze plaque was un- 
veiled listing the 301 Georgia FFA 

members and seven FFA advisors 
who were killed in the war. 

So far, the amphitheater has been 
used primarily for vesper services. 
FFA leaders say that, in the years to 
come, it will be used for other events 
including general asemblies. It is not 
yet lighted for night programs, but 
other special facilities such as ampli- 
fiers can be installed temporarily. 

The amphitheater was used almost 
daily during this year's summer sea- 
son when a series of FFA encamp- 
ments and the State Convention were 
held at the State Camp. 

When completed, the amphitheater 
cost $10,000. and the project is almost 
paid for in full. 


The Revolution in Agriculture 

Nothing more extraordinary than the 
Revolution in Agriculture has taken 
place in the last generation or two of 
American history. It is all the more 
extraordinary that it has gone almost 
wholly unnoticed among the citizens 
of the nation and even among farmers 

In the whole of the revolution no 
factor is so significant as the new 
status of dignity and importance 
which has come to the farmer him- 
self, and let me say that everywhere 
in this article when I refer to the 
"farmer" I mean the "good farmer." 
The bad. ignorant, thriftless, hard- 
shell farmer is not worthy of writing 
about and the nation can no longer 
afford him. He is far better off in 
town working in a shop or a factory. 
He and his family are better off and 
so are his neighbors and the nation 
as a whole. 

Many factors have made this rev- 
olution. Among them are the great 
facilities of information and educa- 
tion provided by government, by state 
agricultural colleges, by the Extension 


Through his popular, easy-to-read 
books, Louis Broryifield has made 
thousands conscious oj the need for 
better farming and of the scientific 
methods that may be used to raise 
production. In this article, Bromfield 
brings out his love for the soil and 
the farmers who use it wisely. 

Service and by individual writers. 
No class of society is offered so much 
information and education at so low a 
cost. There is also the development 
of modern farm machinery, which on 
the whole has still a long way to go, 
and the knowledge concerning intel- 
ligent use of fertilizers and new 
methods of agriculture all the way 
from grass fanning and soil con- 
servation to the deep tillage closely 
associated with it. There is the in- 
troduction and use of the automobile, 
the telephone, electric power, the 
radio, good main roads and farm-to- 
market highways which have abol- 
ished the isolation of the farmer and 
have made it possible for him to live 

almost anywhere in the U. S. in the 
same comfort and even the luxury to 
which city people are accustomed. 

All of these things are creating not 
only more prosperous and informed 
farmers; they are making the good 
farmers as a class our most pros- 
perous citizens. They are also mak- 
ing for a greatly improved agriculture. 

But perhaps the greatest force to- 
ward better agriculture has been the 
overwhelming and utterly relentless 
force of economics. In the future the 
careless, ignorant, lazy farmer simply 
cannot survive because land, ma- 
chinery, livestock and other elements 
indispensable to the farmer cost too 
much. No longer is it possible for 
the young farmer to go west with a 
team, a plow, and a harrow and have 
government give him for nothing a 
section of the richest virgin soil on 

There is no more free land and 
every day there are more people 
wanting to get possession of the agri- 
cultural land that already exists. 
(Continued on page 40) 


ten thousand eighty-seven dollars 
and ninety-four cents, or an average 
of §105.13 for each of its 95 members, 
was saved as a result of cooperative 
activities of the Yuma, Arizona, FFA 
Chapter. Over S70.600 was involved in 
buying, selling, and lending co-ops 
conducted by the members of this 
FFA chapter in southwestern Arizona 
on the banks of the Colorado River. 
Located in one of the nation's rich- 
est farming areas, Yuma and its Un- 
ion High School are blessed by sev- 
eral things other than climate. No- 
table among these are a community 
spirit and a cooperative attitude 
which are seldom found in a com- 
munity of this size. Back in the early 
days of Arizona the territorial prison 
was located in Yuma. Long since 
turned into a museum, but still a 
prominent part of the Yuma land- 
scape, it is a source of considerable 
joking and razzing for Yuma's citi- 
zens, even to the extent that the high 
school's athletic teams are known as 
"The Criminals". In fact, mentioning 
Yuma to a Yuman is like mentioning, 
pardon the word. Texas to a Texan. 

Executive Secretary, Arizona FFA 

Cooperation was an absolute neces- 
sity in presenting a solid front to the 
gibes and jeers. It is not too difficult 
then to visualize a successful FFA 
chapter as a part of this community. 
Take a closer look at this chapter 
which in the past six years of par- 
ticipation in the National Chapter 
Contest has rated three Gold Em- 
blems, two Silver Emblems, and one 
Bronze Emblem. It was largely be- 
cause of their participation and in- 
terest in this contest that the coopera- 
tive activities were developed. Be- 
cause of the specialized nature of 
agriculture in the Yuma community, 
it was extremely difficult to obtain 
land for Future Farmer members. 
The chapter was faced with the prob- 
lem of enlarging and diversifying the 
supervised farming programs of its 
members. This problem was referred 
to the supervised farming committee. 
Whether or not these aggressive farm 
boys, so determined to succeed in 
their chosen field, understood all the 
scientific steps of problem solving is 

difficult to say; however, they came 
up with a solution that is a credit to 
them and their training. 

Their answer? An increased em- 
phasis on cooperative activities in the 
chapter, including a school farm, 
chapter equipment and machinery, 
livestock chains, and cooperative 
credit. Not only did they plan to 
improve their farming programs 
through increased cooperative activi- 
ties but also to provide additional 
training and experience in leadership, 
planning, financing, and record keep- 

Of course, this was a big under- 
taking but with the cooperation of 
the school administration, the towns- 
people, and farmers in the community 
it was achieved. Understanding and 
interested citizens rented 90 acres to 
the chapter on a long-time lease. The 
school board made available to the 
chapter, on a rental basis, machinery 
to carry out the project. The chapter 
and individual members using the 
equipment record the number of 
hours the equipment is used and pay- 
ment is made accordingly. 

Working with Buddy Lundahl (left) and FFA Advisor M. E. Fourt (right) are members of the Yuma 
Chapter Cooperative Committee composed of Joe Ellington, Tom Dougherty, and Milton Johnson. 


Under the lease agreements on the 
chapter farm, the chapter furnishes 
the land and water and one-half of 
the fertilizer, seed and harvesting 
costs. The boy furnishes the other 
half of the fertilizer, seed and har- 
vesting costs and any other expenses 
incident to growing the crop. The 
chapter and the individual then share 
equally in the gross returns. 

During the past year seven boys 
leased 30 acres from the chapter for 
wheat. Another 30 acres for barley 
were leased by seven additional boys. 
The chapter had 14 acres of barely, 
14 acres of alfalfa, and 22 acres of 
castor beans. Four boys are currently 
growing 30 acres of cotton and the 
chapter has 35 acres of cotton. "'Wait 
a minute," you say, "this adds up to 
more than 90 acres." Right you are! 
But Yuma is one of the few areas in 
the nation that enjoys a double crop- 
ping system. As an example of the 
efficient planning and land use prac- 
tices which the chapter members em- 
ploy on the school farm, the com- 
bining of -44 acres of barley was 
completed on Monday, the straw 
mowed and baled by Wednesday, and 
the land worked and cotton planted 
by Saturday night of that week. The 
land was irrigated the following Mon- 
day and the cotton was up by Thurs- 
day. This was possible only through 
day and night shifts but is concrete 
evidence of the cooperative spirit 
which permeates all activities of this 

The supplies, feed, seed, and fer- 
tilizer are purchased cooperatively 
and livestock and crops are marketed 
cooperatively for the chapter farm. 
Many members follow similar co- 
operative practices in the operation 
of their home farming programs. 

An increase in livestock in the area 
has been influenced to a large extent 
by the FFA chapter and the farming 
programs of its members. Six regis- 
tered Duroc-Jersey gilts were given 
to beginning students on a chain basis 
and a registered boar was purchased 
to grade up the swine owned by 
members. One hundred and eleven 
feeder pigs and 87 feeder calves were 
purchased cooperatively by members 
during the past year. Sixty-three 
steers were fed out by the chapter as 
a cooperative project. 

Another item worthy of attention is 
the manner in which the farm loan 
committee functions. This group 
meets with chapter members seeking 
credit and reviews their budgets and 
plans. Once the loan is made they 
continue to assist the member and 
supervise the loan. This has several 
advantages. It is not only sound from 
the standpoint of lending but is also 
(Continued on page 35) 

Probably what Buddy Lundahl is asking Advisor M. E. Four! 
about the irrigation ditch he has completed to water the Chap- 
ter's 35 acre cotton crop is "Do you think it will hold water?" 

"Should we dust?" That is the question confronting J. C. 
Durham, Art Blohm, Advisor M. E. Fourt, Norman Spicer, and 
Clyde Cumings as they make an insect count on the cotton. 

Posing in front of "hay made while the sun shines" are Ronnie 
Drysdale, Ted Drysdale, and Bill B'ack. This is just one of the 
many successful cooperative projects undertaken each year. 


How to Present Awards 



California Assistant State FFA Advisor 

how can the award of a State Future 
Farmer honor be dramatized so that 
not only is the honor itself treasured 
always, but the memory of the man- 
ner in which the presentation is made 
continues as a thrilling experience to 
the people who witness the ceremony 
as well as those who receive the 

The California Association of Fu- 
ture Farmers of America has en- 

deavored to answer this problem in 
its annual convention by developing 
a ceremony which has dignity, color, 
drama and "suspense"; and above all, 
is a ceremony carried out entirely by 
State FFA Officers and Members of 
their Executive Committee. 

The achievement of a "stage set- 
ting" cost the state association some 
$500, and further expense will be in- 
curred, but the boys think the result 

The top discs are lifted off the tripods, revealing the Star Farmer sign for each of 
the six regions of the state. U. A. Hatfield of Porterville is the winner in the photo. 

is worth it. This initial outlay con- 
sisted of a number of heavy plywood 
discs upon which the art work and 
lettering were done by a professional 
sign company. 

Each disc is about four feet in di- 
ameter, and the painting has been 
done in several coats of brilliant lac- 
quer to provide a beautiful finish. Six 
neatly-finished easels were also made, 
upon which the discs are placed. 

Awards which are made are a Star 
State Farmer for each of California's 
six geographical regions (one of them 
becoming Star State Farmer of Cali- 
fornia); Foundation Award winners 
in dairy farming, farm mechanics, 
farm electrification, public speaking, 
soil and water management, and farm 
safety; and Honorary State Farmers. 

Awards are made as the feature of 
the annual convention banquet. The 
easels are placed on a slightly-raised 
platform. The six discs proclaiming 
the regional Star State Farmers are 
put in place. Over them and conceal- 
ing them are the discs depicting the 
Foundation Awards, etc. 

When the announcement is made 
and accomplishments recited of the 
Star Dairy Farmer, for example, he 
comes forward, stands in front of the 
disc which has a painting of a Future 
Farmer with a dairy cow, and receives 
his award, the presentation being 
made by a State or National FFA Of- 
ficer. The farm mechanics, soil and 
water management and other Founa- 
tion awards are made in the same 
manner. All of the boys remain "on 
stage" for this section of the cere- 

Then the top discs are quickly lifted 
off the tripods, revealing the six re- 
gional Star Farmer signs. The re- 
gional winners are called up one at a 
time, and their accomplishments are 
given. As a grand "finale." with all six 
of the boys in place, the master of 
ceremonies announces which of the 
six is the Star State Farmer, and a 
five-pointed star is fitted into place 
in the center of the disc of whichever 
region has that honor. This is accom- 
plished by small dowel pins at the 
points of the back of the star with 
corresponding holes in the disc. 

National President Donald Staheli 
declared that he was impressed with 
the dignity and color of the ceremony, 
and stated that he had not seen any- 
thing of this character at any State 
Convention. There is a somewhat 
similar ceremony for National Foun- 
daton Awards at Kansas City. Cali- 
fornia has used its plan for four years, 
with improvements each year. Pic- 
tures, it must be admitted, do not do 
the ceremony justice since they can- 
not depict the brilliant coloring of the 


Through statewide or- 
ganizational effort and 
the assistance of the 
Sears-Roebuck Foun- 
dation, the Future 
Farmers of Louisiana are 
taking great strides for- 
ward in the dairy cattle 
business by 

Walter Broussard and James Chaisson of the Carencro FFA Chapter with 
two of the Brampton line Jersey heifers purchased in Ontario, Canada. 

Beginning With the Best 


Farm Editor, The Baton Rouge State-Times 

If you learn the right way the first 
time there is no re-learning to be 
done. This is the belief of Louisiana 
members of the Future Farmers of 
America. Members in this state are 
learning the dairy business with 
Jersey cattle of top breeding. Each 
year they import calves from Bramp- 
ton, Ontario, Canada, out of superior 
sires and tested dams. 

Since 1950 Louisiana FFA mem- 
bers have imported 238 heifers of 
Brampton breeding, all direct de- 
scendants of the great cow Brampton 
Lady Basilus, rated fifth in the Jersey 
Bulletin's poll of great cows. Her 
record shows she produced 141,869 
pounds of milk and 9111 pounds of 
butter fat in ten years. Imported 
heifers are producing as much as 400 
pounds of butter fat during the first 

Until two years ago FFA dairy stu- 
dents in the State built their herds 
around grade cows. Regardless of 
the caliber of bull used there re- 
mained a certain amount of cold blood 
on one side of the ancestral tree. It 
was an offer from the Sears Roebuck 
Foundation, and some keen thinking" 
on the part of Louisiana FFA leaders, 
which turned the trick. 

The Foundation offered some 
money to the Louisiana group to pur- 
chase good registered heifers for 
worthy boys. Delmar Walker, State 
Executive Secretary, took the matter 
to state officers, the chapters and their 
advisors. It was agreed that Sears 
had shown some real interest in im- 
proving livestock in Louisiana, and 
that Future Farmers should demon- 
strate a like amount of interest. So 
it was decided that if as many as three 

members of a local chapter bought 
heifers through the state organization, 
one additional animal would be 
donated to the chapter. 

This was the beginning of more 
than 50 local chapter dairy cow 
chains. The chapter heifer would be 
assigned to a member. He would 
make formal application for the an- 
imal, showing in writing how he 
planned to care for her. And finally 
he would show how he planned to 
establish himself as a full-fledged 
dairyman. In payment he would re- 
turn the first heifer calf to the chap- 
ter at the age of six months. The 
second generation would be assigned 
to another Future Farmer in the same 

Walker believed the Brampton 

cattle to be the best buy on the mar- 

(Continued on page 27) 





Above, Harry Hewitt, Beloit, Kansas FFA Chapter Pres- 
ident, is combining the chapter's 15 acres of wheat. 

FFA projects helped boost Kansas to an all-time high 
in wheat production of more than 300 million bushels. 

Ron Norman, State Star Farmer and President of the Browning 
Chapter, congratulates A. W. Johnson, Advisor to the Montana 
FFA. Johnson has been named "Wise Eagle" by the Blackfeet. 
Theodore Last Star and William Buffalo Hide await their turn. 



and wheat — 


I know men who have lived all their lives 
in the country . . . but miss the richness that 
comes through sympathy with wild creatures. 

Country Minded People 


a person may be country-minded and 
at the same time otherwise-minded; 
many people are diverse in sym- 
pathies. A person may be successful 
in raising crops and stock and in mar- 
keting them, may be what is called 
a successful farmer, without being 

Country-mindedness is having a 
sympathy for, an interest in, and a 
kind of kinship for, natural country 
things — wild flowers as well as corn, 
the shadow of a tree as well as soil, 
the floating of a buzzard, the silence 
of night, the prints of a lizard in sand, 
the independence of a skunk, the tail- 
wagging of a sucking calf, the smell 
of a wood fire, the touch of sycamore 
bark, the taste of sheep sorrel, the 
cheeriness of a bobwhite's call, and 
a thousand other manifestations of 
plant, rock, sunlight and starlight, 
bird and beast. A farmer who protects 
quail for targets but has no joy in the 
behavior of a family of skunks and no 
pleasurable response to a valley - 
hunting hawk, even though a skunk 
may now and then eat a quail egg 
and even though an occasional mem- 
ber of some species of hawk may now 
and then catch a quail, is not truly 

Buffalo Bill has been known to mil- 
lions as a plainsman. The two forms 
of plains life in which he was chiefly 
interested were Indians and buffaloes, 

and his chief interest in them was as 
targets. One March day while he was 
at his ranch on the North Platte, his 
nephew reported that two wild swans 
had just lit on a lake near by. Buffalo 
Bill had a visitor whom he wished to 
entertain. He drove him to the lake in 
a buggy. "If I can get them lined up 
right," he said to the visitor, "I won't 
need but one bullet." He got them 
lined up right — and left their beau- 
tiful bodies to rot in the water. Buf- 
falo Bill was not country-minded. 

Country-minded people take de- 
light in little things. Many of them 
live in towns and cities, excursioning 
to the country when they can. The 
difference between a countryman 
who is country-minded and a coun- 
tryman who is not country-minded 
lies in the fact that the first gets 
profits he cannot deposit in a bank. 
These profits are not at all incom- 
patible with those that can be de- 
posited in a bank. They are additions 
to the bank deposits. They enrich the 
whole life. I know men who have 
lived all their lives in the country, 
who would not live elsewhere, who 
are country through and through, but 
who miss the richness that comes 
through sympathy with wild crea- 

Take the coyote, or prairie wolf, 
certainly one of the most interesting 
and delightful mammals in the world. 

Yet in the western part of America, 
to which the coyote is native, 
the majority of people — though ex- 
ceptions are numerous — regard this 
animal as a mere pest, a mangy, cow- 
ardly thief and killer. Few healthy 
coyotes are mangy, and normally they 
are healthy. They avoid guns and 
have too much sense to attack moun- 
tain lions; but they are no more 
cowardly than a horned toad is 
cowardly. They are neither cowardly 
nor brave. They are just coyotes, as 
turkeys are turkeys and as live oak 
trees are live oak trees. 

In 1948, the legislature of South 
Dakota passed an act making the coy- 
ote the official state animal. While the 
subject was being considered. Badger 
Clark, poet laureate of South Dakota 
wrote: "To me the most attractive 
thing about a coyote is his voice. I 
always go to the door and listen when 
I hear him at night. His notes seem to 
soar up to the stars and give an in- 
describable impression of wildness 
(Continued on page 42) 

Few, if any, are more qualified to 
furnish a tale of the Southwest than 
J. Frank Dobie — ranch manager, col- 
lege professor, historian, naturalist, 
author. Dobie, n hard-shelled senti- 
mentalist, displays his fondness for 
wild creatures in this colorful, ram- 
bling article. 


National FFA Officers with President Truman. Dallas High, Ohio City, Ohio; Billy Howard, Plains, Ga.; Gerald 
Reynolds, Corfu, N. Y.; Don Staheli, Hurricane, Utah; Duane Drushella, Scio, Ore.; Charles Ocker, Cameron, Mo. 

They Get Around 

Join the navy and see the world! 
But if you want a good look at the 
United States just get yourself elected 
to a national office in the FFA. 

National President Don Staheli 
probably has traveled more miles in 
the last year than in all the previous 
years of his life. He's talked with 
the President of the United States, 
rubbed shoulders with the heads of 
some of the nation's largest corpora- 
tions, and visited with Future Farm- 
ers from New York to California. 

Don has to move fast to hang on to 
the title of the nation's "travelin'est 
young man." If he ever slows down 
there are four FFA vice presidents 
and a student secretary who'll crowd 
him right off the road. (Forty-six of 
the 48 states have been hosts to one 
or more of the six national officers 
this year.) 

Billy Howard, vice president from 
Plains. Ga., even made a special trip 
to England during the summer, in the 
exchange program with British Young 
Farmer organizations. 


National FFA Director 
Public Relations and Information 

"Are you free to travel?" is one of 
the first questions asked by the 
Nominations Committee at national 
FFA conventions when they interview 
officer candidates. The boys who win 
election soon find real meaning to the 
question. Sometimes the schedule 
gets pretty rough, like the evening in 
1950 when Dale Hess of Maryland 
stopped his fellow officers as they 
dashed for a train after a particularly 
hectic day on their annual Goodwill 

"Just a minute, fellas," Dale called. 
He drew himself up and spat on the 
railroad tracks. 

"There," he explained; "I haven't 
had time to spit all day!" 

The FFA officers get their 
of fire in the Goodwill tour. 

times there are special jobs to be done 

in the first three months after elec- 
tion — like Don's trip to New York 
last winter to appear on "The Fire- 
stone Hour" network radio -television 
broadcast — but generally their first 
official duty as national officers comes 
in February when they travel to 
Washington, D.C., to work for a few 
days with A. W. Tenney, FFA execu- 
tive secretary, in planning the year's 
schedule of visits to state conventions, 
the Goodwill tour, and other activ- 

The meeting is planned to coincide 
with the FFA Foundation's annual 
Board of Trustees sessions and on 
their first day in Washington the boys 
meet with representatives of the 
donors to the Foundation and help in 
telling the story of what the Founda- 
tion is doing to encourage FFA mem- 
bers in their work toward becoming 
good farmers. 

Usually, during the week in Wash- 
ington there are FFA business mat- 
ters to be discussed and acted upon, 
and visits to be made with important 


officials. Last winter the officers 
visited with President Truman, Sec- 
retary of Agriculture Brannan, Fed- 
eral Security Administrator Ewing; 
were luncheon guests of U. S. Senator 
Arthur V. Watkins of Utah; spent an 
evening with Wheeler McMillen, 
editor-in-chief of Farm Journal; 
visited with Herschel Newsom, Mas- 
ter of the National Grange, and were 
luncheon guests of the American In- 
stitute of Cooperation. 

The time in Washington also gives 
the new officers a chance to get ac- 
quainted with each other — to begin 
working as a real team. The asso- 
ciation is so close they become like 
six brothers. Any former national 
officer will tell you that the toughest 
day of his year came after the close of 
the national convention when he had 
to say goodbye to his fellow officers, 
knowing that he might never see 
some of them again. 

Participation in state FFA conven- 
tions takes the most of the officers' 
time and travel. Each vice president 
attends as many of the conventions in 
his region as he can, the president 
and student secretary filling in at 
those the vice presidents can't cover. 
The conventions are serious business, 
for national officers are on display 
there as examples of the very top 
FFA leadership. Many a younger 
Future Farmer has set his sights 
notches higher because of the im- 
pressions made on him by a national 
officer in the state convention. 

As members of the national Board 
of Student Officers the boys have a 
tremendous responsibility, too, in the 
management of FFA's business and 
organizational affairs. Reviewing the 
applications of candidates for the 
American Farmer degree is a typical 
assignment. The officers must make 

recommendations as to whether or 
not each candidate is qualified for the 
degree. Most candidates who are 
submitted by their State Associations 
are qualified, but there's always a 
few "borderline" cases where a tough 
decision must be made. It's not easy 
to say that a fellow FFA member 
cannot have the American Farmer 
degree, when you know he's worked 
many years toward that goal. 

The national convention, a vacation 
to most FFA members who attend, is 
two weeks of hard work for the na- 
tional officers. The fact that they do 
a fine job of presiding at the conven- 
tion is not an accident. It's the result 
of long hours of planning, timing, and 

Their time on the convention floor 
is just a part of the schedule. There 
are appearances to be made at ban- 
quets and other similar functions, 
radio broadcasts to be made, inter- 
views with newspaper and magazine 
writers, official business sessions with 
the Board of Directors, late-night 
rehearsals of the next day's cere- 
monies, and, of course, those hundreds 
of fellow Future Farmers and con- 
vention guests who want to shake 
hands with a national officer. The 
pressure is terrific, but they always 
come through with a smile. 

The Goodwill tour, the officers' first 
major activity, is just what the name 
indicates — a tour to spread Goodwill 
for the FFA. The officers, with the na- 
tional advisor or executive secretary 
and the director of public relations, 
make an annual tour in Janu- 
ary or February through the indus- 
trial areas of the East and Midwest, 
primarily visiting companies that are 
donors to the FFA Foundation. The 
tour has the double purpose of letting 
the officials of those companies know 
more about the FFA, and giving the 

officers a chance to get acquainted 
with the nation's top business and in- 
dustrial leaders. The national group 
is joined in each state by the state 
advisor and state FFA president. 

It's only a two-weeks tour, but 
what a two weeks! This year's group 
visited with officials of 27 companies 
and organizations in seven cities: 
Wilmington, Del.; New York City 
and Poughkeepsie. N.Y.: Akron and 
Cleveland. Ohio: Detroit. Mich., and 
Chicago, 111. A typical day's schedule 
was February 27 in Chicago: 9:30 
a.m., visit International Minerals and 
Chemical Corp.: 11:30 a.m., luncheon 
with officials of the Oliver Corpora- 
tion; 2:00 p.m.. visit National Live 
Stock Producers' Association: 3:30 
p.m., visit officials of Quaker Oats 
Company; 6:00 p.m., dinner with offi- 
cials of Sears. Roebuck Foundation, 
(Continued on page 29) 

Dr. H. F. Dietz of Du Pont Company 
and VP Duane Drushella discussing 
chemical treating of plant seeds. 


Left to right, James F. Lincoln, President of fhe 
Lincoln Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio, chats with 
John Foltz, Ohio State FFA President and Dallas High. 

National FFA President Don Staheli shaking hands 
with General Motors Vice President Roger Kyes dur- 
ing the national officers' annual tour last February. 


Keep trying, for the sunshine of success makes the world 
forget all about failure. If you doubt it, consider the lesson of 

The Strikeout Man 


he struck out 1330 times, a record in 
futility unapproached by any other 
player in the history of baseball. 
That means striking out once a game 
for something like a nine-year 

In baseball there is nothing more 
negative, useless and unsuccessful 
than striking out — yet the man who 
compiled this awful record of failure 
is always thought of as the greatest 
ball player of all time. 

He was Babe Ruth. 

In the minds of the followers of the 
national pastime he is just about as 
far from a failure as it is possible to 
get. The booming noise from his bat 
that accounted for some 700 home 
runs completely obliterated the 1330 
times he made the futile swishing 

This is a good thing to remember: 
The bright sound of success always 

wipes out the rasps of failure. 

Take Cy Young, who is generally 
regarded as the greatest pitcher of 
all time. He accumulated 511 victories, 
a mark that never has been threat- 
ened and isn't ever expected to be. 
Winning 511 times means producing 
thirty victories a season for seven- 
teen years! 

But what is generally overlooked 
and forgotten is that Cy Young 
pitched more than 900 games. He ac- 
tually lost almost as many games as 
he won. 

Cy Young stands out only as the 
great winning pitcher, just as Babe 
Ruth is never thought of as the 
greatest strikeout man in the history 
of the game, but as its greatest hitter. 

The failingest man that ever was, 
undoubtedly, was a fellow who lived 
in New Jersey. He was always trying 
experiments that were unsuccessful. 



Oh, sometimes something would come 
off, but only after thousands of abor- 
tive failures. 

But somehow we never think of 
Thomas A. Edison as a failure, but as 
this country's greatest inventor, the 
man who gave us electric light, mo- 
tion pictures, and the phonograph. 

At Fort Necessity a number of cen- 
turies ago. during the French and 
Indian War. a young American officer 
capitulated to the enemy. 

But George Washington is never 
thought of as the man who sur- 
rendered to the French but as the 
glorious hero who fought the Revolu- 
tionary War to victory. 

A certain Irishman wrote nine 
years before he sold his first manu- 

But nobody thinks of George Ber- 
nard Shaw today as the man who 
spent almost a decade writing futilely 
— only as the great playwright of our 

A fellow in Birmingham, Alabama, 
named Roy received 354 rejection 
slips from magazines before he sold 
his first story. 

When he got his first big check, he 
cashed it in a bank and then stood up 
all night counting the money over and 
over again. 

Today Octavus Roy Cohen is re- 
garded as one of the country's most 
successful authors and no one thinks 
of him as the man who fell on his 
face 354 times before he took his first 

I recently ran across a book in the 
library containing the early efforts 
of some well-known writers. Any dis- 
couraged writer ought to take a look 
at it. He'll probably find that any 
number of his own rejected manu- 
scripts are definitely superior to the 
horrible stuff contained in this book — 
and yet all these people went on to 
reach literary heights. 

(Continued on page 36) 

Harold Heifer's stories and articles 
are read in Coronet, Esquire, Ameri- 
can, Nation's Business, The Farm 
Quarterly, and many other magazines. 
Prior to his serving in the Marines 
during the war as combat correspon- 
dent, he was a newspaperman and 
columnist in the deep South. His 
goal — "To be as fine a writer as 1 
possibly can." 


for a GREAT JOB 
...done Better 

As one of the Future Farmers of America, you've 
seen what teamwork can do. You know that by get- 
ting together and pooling your ideas you come up 
with better ways of doing things . . . faster, easier 
ways to make the land yield more. 

IRON AGE General Purpose Sprayer 

You'll find this sprayer a big help when 
you're farming your own acres. Handles 
all types of general spraying — field, 
orchard, barnyard, weeds. Plenty of other 
uses, too — whitewashing, fire fighting, dis- 
infecting, fly and pest control. Team it up 
with an Oliver, and what a team you'll have! 

Here at Oliver we're after the very same thing. 
We go about it in exactly the same way . . . through 

One happy result of this working-together is the 
team you see above — an Iron Age Sprayer and an 
Oliver Tractor. The sprayer itself does a great job . . . 
it always has. But it took the team to get the job done 
better. Now travel speed is just right for any condi- 

tion . . . the Oliver has six forward speeds to choose 
from. Spraying pressure is always the same . . . it's 
held constant by Oliver's Direct Drive Power Take- 
Off, unaffected by tractor stops and starts. 

These are but two of the ways that teamwork 
speeds the job . . . and this is but one job where it 
helps the farmers of today get the most from their 



The Oliver Corporation, 

400 W. Madison Street, Chicago 6, III. 


A. B. Farquhar Company 

A Division of The Oliver Corporation 

York, Pennsylvania 





A Fencing Match between Tarleton State and Texas A. & M. College 

Farming Knights of Texas 

Tarleton Director of Public Information 

FENCING has a new meaning for 
farm boys at Tarleton State College 
in Stephenville, Texas. Let us post 

Introduced to the school five years 
ago by Professor George Beakley. 
fencing has caught on like wildfire. 
Paraphernalia, such as masks, foils, 
sabers, and epees, litter the campus. 
Over 50 boys take up the sport each 
year. The varsity team travels 10,000 
miles annually to take part in 18 
tournaments. And many farm boys 
are active in reviving this 500-year- 
old sport at Tarleton where the ring- 
ing French "Touche" has become a 
byword as common as blue jeans and 
cowboy boots. 

It seems rather odd that fencing 
should appeal to the Tarleton lads, for 
the junior college is a part of the 
Texas A&M College System. Most of 
the students come from the farms and 
ranches of West Texas. Isn't fencing 
a pretty "sissy" sport for a Texas 
farm boy? 

For a time the "men in white" were 
objects of ridicule over the campus, 
it is true. But fencing was such a 
novelty that everybody stopped to 

watch. Then some of the brasher boys 
began to try their hand. They soon 
learned that fast footwork and skill 
were required. 

And then the team began to win! 
They defeated the Southwest Confer- 
ence champions, placed second in the 
epee division of the five-state finals, 
and placed in the division saber finals. 
They whipped the University of Texas 
squad which boasted two former 
members of the Egyptian Olympic 
team. They won the state collegiate 
title in both epee and saber. In 1948- 
49 the team received the Connecticut 
trophy, a travelling fencing cup 
awarded annualy to the team which 
has done the most for the sport. It was 
the first time a team south of the 
Mason-Dixon Line had captured this 

The team's prestige grew. They, 
were dubbed the "Knights of Tarle- 
ton." Fencing sweaters and their 
"T" awards became as highly prized 
as letters in major sports. And the 
farm boys, always sensitive to the 
appeals of chivalry, took up fencing. 
During the past five years the 
"Knights" have averaged 50 medals 

annually in tournament competition 
with senior colleges and universities 
and city YMCA teams. 

Numerous members of the Tarleton 
Collegiate Chapter of the FFA have 
won fencing letters. Among these 
are J. R. Hudspeth, Weatherford; 
James L. Rodgers, Bluff dale; Price 
Summerhill, Abbott; James Box, 
Llano; Travis Smith, Aspermont; 
Earl Gilmore, Premont; C. L. Men- 
denhall, Pecos; Billy Hart Hubbs, 
Pecos; and Curtis Wilson, Comanche. 
Nearly all were FFA members in high 

As examples, take two of these 
boys, Wilson and Summerhill. Wil- 
son attended Tarleton in 1947-48. 
His father, a graduate of Tarleton 
and Texas A&M. had bought a farm 
in 1940. Wilson grew up helping his 
father farm and raise livestock. He 
studied vocational agriculture in high 
school and was president of the 
Comanche FFA Chapter in 1946. For 
his college major he chose pre- 
veterinary work and took fencing 
as his required physical education 
course. He was an outstanding mem- 
ber of the fencing team and won 
many medals. On finishing Tarleton, 
he went to Texas A&M to continue his 
veterinary course and his fencing. 
He was captain of the A&M varsity 
team in 1950. This team went to New 
York and defeated the New York 
Athletic Club in the National AFLA 
team finals. Wilson will receive his 
veterinary degree from A&M this 

Summerhill entered Tarleton in 
1949. He was valedictorian of his 
class at Abbott High School. In addi- 
tion, he was business manager of the 
annual, reporter on the newspaper, 
officer in the student council, three- 
year letterman in football and track, 
first place winner in district declama- 
tion, and acted in four high school 
plays. He also won medals his sopho- 
more and junior years for having the 
highest grade in mathematics. 

But to Summerhill, the son of a 
farmer, the subject in high school of 
greatest interest was vocational agri- 
culture. "After taking vocational 
agriculture under Mr. W. B. Shepard," 
he says. "I liked the subject so much 
that I took it as an elective for two 
more years. Through the FFA Chap- 
ter I was able to earn quite a bit of 
money with projects." He was an 
active FFA member for four years 
and vice-president of the Abbott FFA 
Chapter for two years. 

Summerhill was an excellent stu- 
dent compiling nearly a straight "A" 
average. His fencing record was also 
good. He lettered two years and won 
numerous awards. Now at Texas 


A&M, and still fencing, he will receive 
his degree in agriculture education 
this year. Then he plans to enter 
either soil conservation work or voca- 
tional agriculture teaching. 

Many FFA-fencers on the campus 
have fine records, such as Earl Gil- 
more and Travis Smith, but Summer- 
hill's and Wilson's are perhaps the 
most outstanding. 

Fencing is part of the school's cur- 
riculum. Boys receive regular col- 
lege credit in physical education for 
learning to wear the mask and wield 
the foil. They buy their own equip- 
ment. A foil and mask costs $10. 
Equipment for complete competition, 
foil, saber, and epee, costs $50. 

The fencing course is no snap, 
either. The boys practice two hours 
a day in the fall and taper off, as they 
become more proficient, to four hours 
a week in the spring. 

Coach Beakley deserves great 
credit for popularizing the ancient 
sport at Tarleton. He originally 
studied to be a concert violinist at 
Baylor University. When he learned 
that a physical education course was 
required, he chose boxing. The violin 
professor protested and urged that he 
take up a milder sport. Beakley then 
signed up for fencing. 

Later he transferred to Texas 
Technological College and changed 
his major to engineering. But he 
never lost interest in fencing. He is 
currently president of the North 
Texas Fencing Division. 

Of the odd angles in the strange 
revival of fencing at Tarleton, perhaps 
the queerest is that it's an engineer 
who keeps the farm boys fencing. 

"She's out with another jellow- 
name of Honey Boy." 

The Changing South 

Mississippi Department of Education 

pride, mingled with a tinge of sadness, fills the heart of the average 
southerner as he watches the machine age mold a new-face for the old, 
colorful and historical South. 

Industry, with its union controlled wage scale, has attracted large 
numbers of the farm labor population to the cities of the North and East 
thereby creating a labor shortage in the South. 

Because of this shortage more and more plantation owners and small 
farmers have mechanized their farming operations. Many are switch- 
ing from row crop farming to beef and dairy cattle and much of the 
land is being placed in improved pastures. 

In Mississippi a "Balance Agriculture With Industry" program was 
launched several years ago. A Board was established and through their 
efforts more and more industries have trickled through the Mason- 
Dixon line to establish residence in the "Magnolia" State. 

This agricultural transition has challenged Mississippi farmers, as it 
has farmers in other Southern States. Future Fanners of America, 
under the capable guidance of vocational agriculture teachers, are 
rising to the occasion with projects undreamed of only a few years ago. 

The Lynville school community, in Kemper county, is fast becoming 
a purebred Hereford cattle center because of a project started by agri- 
culture teacher E. G. Palmer and his Future Farmers. 

The project started with some of the boys buying registered heifer 
calves. Adult farmers caught the idea and it spread through the 

At Caledonia, a rural Lowndes county community, agriculture 
teacher E. E. Ellis conceived the idea of increasing the market value of 
corn through consumption by feeder calves. The chapter and some of the 
individual FFA boys bought calves on the low fall market, fed and 
grazed them through the winter months and sold them at a nice profit 
on the higher spring market. 

Covington county's Mt. Olive, traditionally a row crop section, is on 
the road toward becoming a purebred Hereford cattle center as the 
result of an FFA project whereby individual members bought registered 
Hereford calves through open notes allowed by the bank. 

A registered Aberdeen Angus project currently underway in the 
Hernando school area bids to increase quality beef production among 
the smaller farmers in the state's leading milk producing DeSoto county. 
This project was started when agriculture teacher C. K. Dilworth, 
officials of the Hernando bank, and owners of Cub Lake Plantation 
Angus Breeders arrived at an agreement whereby FFA members would 
be loaned money by the bank to purchase purebred Angus heifers from 
Cub Lake Plantation at reduced rates and with a guarantee of three 
breedings of the finest blood lines. 

There are many other examples of progress among the Mississippi 
FFA chapters. 

A good example of individual ingenuity is Future Farmer James 
Bowen of Duck Hill, Montgomery county, who saved his com crop 
from the disastrous drought by means of an improvised irrigation system. 

By using a centrifugal pump James pumped water 700 feet from a 
creek to a ditch which he dammed up nearer his corn crop. He lacked 
enough 2-inch hose to pump the water to the corn in one operation, so 
he pumped from the ditch to an improvised trough on stilts which ran 
the water to the crop. 

Agriculture teacher B. M. Trapp estimates that James should har- 
vest 175 to 200 bushels per acre — where he would have been lucky to 
get 25 bushels had he not irrigated. 

The South has changed, is still changing, and there is some specu- 
lation as to what it will be like in the future. However, there is hardly 
a need for speculation concerning agriculture in the South, for the 
future of farming lies where it rightfully belongs — in the capable hands 
of the young* men who are rising rapidly to meet the changing conditions. 


"It's built like 

— that's why your GMC farm truck will 
last longer, cost less to maintain!" 

When the big GMC over-the- 
highway truck and the half-ton 
pickup, shown above, are loaded to 
capacity— there's 30,000 pounds differ- 
ence in their weights. 

Yet they are alike in a lot of important 

ways that make GMC light trucks 
tops for farm duty! 

For GMC is the ONLY farm truck 
engineered with all five of the impor- 
tant features — which most manufac- 
turers reserve exclusively for their 

the big one 

>igger, "heavy duty" vehicles. 

rhey are: Tocco-Hardened crank- 
ihafts, full-floating piston pins, air- 
)lane-type main and rod bearings, 
•ifle-drilled connecting rods and full- 
)ressure lubrication all the way to the 
)iston pins — things that increase the 
ife of any truck. 

But that's not all. Your GMC dealer 
will be glad to demonstrate how other 
features like "pillow action" springs 
and recirculating ball-bearing steer- 
ing give GMC's a real "passenger-car 
ride" for family trips to town. You'll 
discover why GMC's are such 
popular dual-purpose haulers on the 
busiest farms today. 

GMC Truck & Coach Division of General Motors 




Just a couple of dozen years • • • 

November 1928 . . . when FFA was formally organ- 
ized . . . seems like yesterday to many of us. But, 
what a difference these years have made! 

The farmer's son has become a boy who can 
think, act, and speak for himself ... a boy who often 
earns more money before reaching 2 1 than his father 
earned in a lifetime. FFA helped do this. 

The farmer's home matches in comfort and con- 
venience the finest homes in the city. The farmer's 
wife enjoys the same laborsaving devices. The 
farmer's daughter cannot be distinguished from her 
urban sisters. 

The farmer's equipment . . . such as built by Harry 
Ferguson, Inc. . . . permits far greater returns from 
far less labor. New knowledge of the land and how 
to use it helps preserve the farmer's heritage. 

We tip our hats to this impressive progress. We 
pledge ourselves to keep progressing. 


and 63 Ferguson System Implements 


Beginning With the Best 

(Continued from page 15) 

ket at that time if bought in numbers 
large enough to justify the trip to 
Ontario for selection and purchase. 
Sixty-eight yearling heifers were 
purchased February, 1950. In Sep- 
tember of that year they made a sec- 
ond importation of 84 head. Eighty- 
six heifers were imported in 1951. 
For the 1952 purchase the Secretary 
has orders for 140 head. 

In the Carencro chapter the first 
return heifer was delivered to the 
chapter and reassigned to another 
Future Farmer. Sydney Arceneaux, 
Chapter Advisor, feels that the State 
FFA dairy program was instrumental 
in establishing the dairy enterprise in 
the Carencro community. He said 
the number of dairies in his com- 
munity — a highly specialized sweet 
potato area, land valued at $400 per 
acre — has increased from seven up to 
forty since 1950. Even though mem- 
bers of the Carencro chapter pur- 
chased 17 Brampton heifers, they pur- 
chased over 100 head of registered 
cattle from leading breeders in the 
United States. They had only grade 
cattle before 1950. 

State Star Farmer Karie Blades, 
Kentwood, Louisiana, is shaping his 
32 cow herd around three Brampton 

Where the project will end Walker 
hesitates to guess. There are twice 
as many requests for Brampton bred 
heifers now as last year. If the 
border is still closed — there was a re- 
cent outbreak of foot and mouth dis- 
ease in Western Canada — orders will 
be filled with domestic cattle of equal 

Louisiana Future Farmers are get- 
ting into the dairy business on a large 
scale. Many high school students 
own thirty cow herds, showing indi- 
vidual inventories of more than $10,- 
000. A total of sixty chapters are 
participating in the program. There 
are over 50 chain heifers owned by 
the chapters. Sears Foundation calls 
this program one of their most suc- 
cessful experiences in helping boys 
help themselves. 

i&rV ¥ 


j&t ■- 


An excellent example of the cooperative FFA spirit shows the Newport 
FFA Chapter clearing the Bald Knob school grounds. Center of picture 
shows Weldon Elliott, Newport FFA Advisor (back to camera), and Justin 
Richardson, Bald Knob FFA Advisor whose chapter suffered heavily. 


FFA Advisor, Bald Knob. Arkansas 

back in march one of the worst tor- 
nadoes in years struck the northeast- 
ern part of Arkansas. The communi- 
ties of Bald Knob. Judsonia. Cotton 
Plant, Dierks, England and several 
others were among those hardest hit. 
Buildings, fences and crops were lev- 
eled in most areas, but the damage 
was particularly heavy in the Bald 
Knob community. 

School was dismissed for the year, 
because the school buildings were de- 
molished. The Bald Knob FFA Par- 
liamentary Procedure team, having 
just won the Red and White Federa- 
tion contest at Searcy, was forced to 
abandon plans for participation in dis- 
trict and state contests. Instead, the 
FFA immediately pitched in and 
started putting the community to 

Some of their own members were 
among those hardest hit by the dis- 
aster. Being hard hit may be taken 
literally in the cases of Howard Davis 
and Jimmy Galloway. Howard was 
blown 200 yards. Damages: a very 
badly broken leg — two and a half 
months in the hospital and loss of all 
his crops except his strawberry proj- 
ect. Jimmy was blown 300 yards, 
three times the length of a football 
field, and received severe head in- 

juries, a broken arm. and broken ribs. 

But those are just examples. Sev- 
eral FFA members lost homes, crops, 
fences, and stock. Many were in- 
jured, and more than a few lives were 
lost. Out of all this they started re- 
building immediately — not just work- 
ing on what they themselves had lost, 
but the whole community. Now the 
job is almost complete. 

It could never have been done, 
however, without the teamwork of 
the FFA. Not only did the local chap- 
ter provide an inspiration for friends 
and neighbors who had lost every- 
thing, but FFA chapters from all over 
the state sent financial aid to fellow 
Future Farmers. Chapters near the 
tornado area provided labor and ma- 
terials for their stricken fellow mem- 
bers; fences and barns were rebuilt, 
fields cleared of debris and leveled, 
lumber was salvaged, and bricks 
stacked. Seed was provided for new 
crops, and in many cases those mem- 
bers who gave the seed helped to 
sow it. 

So Arkansas digs out of one of its 
worst disasters, and for hundreds of 
FFA members, and many others, the 
phrase in the FFA motto. "Living to 
Serve." takes on a deeper and more 
personal meaning. 


Mike Wertz stars in new FFA movie 

Farmer of Tomorrow 


IF THE HERO of the new Future 
Farmers of America movie, Farmer of 
Tomorrow, gives the audience the im- 
pression of complete sincerity and 
truth, it is because the star's role in 
the film is almost an exact counter- 
part to his own personal experience 
on a farm near Gettysburg, Pa. 

The young farmer who portrays the 
struggle of Walt Peabody to make a 
success out of a farm his father 
wanted to quit, is 17-year-old Mike 
Wertz, who prepared for his own real- 
life drama in FFA during four years 
at Upper Adams County High School. 

As in the movie, Mike's father told 

him he was going to sell the farm 
when Mike was only a Freshman and 
just getting into the FFA. Mike, 
however, asked if he could take over 
the 106 acres. His father not only 
granted permission, but added that if 
the farm was operated successfully, 
he would give it to Mike when he was 
a Junior. 

Today, Mike has 14 dairy cows, 
1,200 chickens, and raises corn, oats, 
wheat, hay and other crops so suc- 
cessfully that he plans to rent an 
additional 60 acres. (For his fine 
work in the FFA, Mike last year 
became a Keystone Farmer.) His 

father, well-satisfied the way things 
turned out, works in a paper factory 
in a nearby town. 

Mike's personal background slipped 
out in an unusual manner when he 
was rehearsing a scene with Burt 
Conway, who plays the vo-ag teacher 
and is, incidentally, the only profes- 
sional actor in the entire cast. The 
scene was the one in which Walt Pea- 
body goes to the vo-ag teacher and 
tells him that his father is ready to 
quit and move to the city. 

"Mike got real tears in his eyes 
when he started repeating those 
lines," Conway said. "Being ac- 
customed to Hollywood performers 
who use all sorts of tricks to bring 
tears, I though it was unusual to get 
them from Mike without even trying. 
My questioning brought out his own 

Gettysburg was chosen as the locale 
for the movie not for its historic back- 
ground but rather for its overall 
scenic qualities and appearance as a 
representative cross-section of many 
American farms. In the area farmers 
raise dairy and beef cattle, swine, a 
great variety of crops and fruit. 

Producer Victor Solow spotted the 
actors for his cast (with the exception 
of Conway) while he was looking 
over the farming community around 
Gettysburg and visiting with Dr. 
Lloyd Kefeever, Superintendent of 
Schools in Gettysburg, Guile Le- 
feever. Principal of the High School, 
and Elmer Schriver, vo-ag teacher, 
who acted as technical advisor during 
the making of the big color film. 

The farm used in the movie belongs 
to Glen Sterner, who plays the part 
of the father. Sterner liked the role 
well enough, but what made him even 
happier was the fact that he got two 
free coats of paint on his farm house. 
The first coat was necessary to make 
the house look run-down, for an early 
scene, and the second coat to spruce 
it up for footage later in the picture. 

Although the cast was limited to 
boys from the high school and a few 
farmers to play the principal roles, 
the entire community got enthusiastic 
when the stage lights, cameras and 
other paraphernalia was moved in to 
get the dramatic undertaking under 
way. Everyone, it seemed, wanted to 
help out. The power and light com- 
pany moved telephone poles when 
they otherwise would have ruined a 
fine scenic effect. But the finest co- 
operation of all came not from a 
citizen but from a cow, which was to 
play a minor, but very important, 
part of the picture. One of the scenes 
called for Walt Peabody to be giving 
some attention to a new-bom calf. 
The cow that had been tabbed for the 
act was so anxious to please that she 
not only delivered ahead of time, but 


gave up twins for the occasion. Some 
fast moving of cameras to the pasture 
managed to get the proper scene on 

The "heart throb" of the movie was 
provided by pretty, petite Janet Mus- 
selman, who is a Freshman at Goshen 
College (Ind.) this Fall, while the 
"villian" was Bill Bucklew, who is 
starting in at Penn State. Some of 
the veteran FFA men will recognize 
Richard Waybright in the FFA meet- 
ing scenes. Richard was a national 
FFA vice-president in 1951. 

General Motors, which had the 
movie produced, also obtained orig- 
inal music based on songs of Amer- 
ican folklore for the background. 

After its premiere showing at the 
FFA national convention in Kansas 
City, the movie will be distributed 
for showings in various localities. 
Showings may be arranged by con- 
tacting the Film Section, Department 
of Public Relations, General Motors 
Corporation, General Motors Build- 
ing, Detroit 2. Michigan. 

Despite their taste of movie expe- 
rience and some of the glamour of 
Hollywood, none of the amateur ac- 
tors decided to take up acting as a 
profession. Their reaction was fairly 
expressed by Mike Wertz last July 
when Mr. Roger M. Kyes, vice presi- 
dent of General Motors and chairman 
of the Sponsoring Committee for the 
FFA Foundation, visited the troupe 
while it was on location. Kyes asked 
Wertz if he would like to be a pro- 
fessional actor. 

"Not me," replied Mike. "I'm a 

They Get Around 

(Continued jrom page 19) 

and guests of Sears at Golden Gloves 
boxing tournament. 

At each visit each of the national 
officers was called on to tell about his 
farming program and his FFA activ- 
ities, and top officials of the companies 
told about their operations. 

There was "no time to spit" on 
February 27! 

With such a schedule, the big prob- 
lem for the officers is to fit their 
stories into the time that's available. 
If three minutes is the limit — and it 
often is — the boy who talks overtime 
gets a razzin' from his fellow officers. 
Doyle Conner, 1948-49 national presi- 
dent from Starke, Fla., ran overtime 
so often that the boys nicknamed him 
"Filibuster" — perhaps prophetically, 
for he later entered politics and is now 
a member of the Florida state legis- 

Biggest hazard to the schedule is 
transportation from one meeting to 
another, often two or three miles 
across town through heavy traffic. A 

delay in catching a cab, or a traffic 
jam, can play hobs. Travel between 
cities usually is done at night by 
Pullman. You finish the day's sched- 
ule in Cleveland sometime around 
11 p.m., get in the train and wake up 
next morning in Detroit ready for 
breakfast with the executives of a 
host company at 8 a.m. — if the train's 
on time, that is. Sometime it's not. 

That was the case in 1951 when one 
of the energetic officers roused the 
party from peaceful sleep in their 
berths with the frantic call of "Get 
up! Get up! We're due in Detroit 
in 15 minutes!" 

Not until the whole gang was up 
and dressed did someone think to 
check on the matter. The train was 
running two hours late! A national 
officer of the FFA got some very 
sound advice about how he should 
depend upon the Pullman porter to 
wake him up before arrival at the 

Leaving Detroit three days later, 
Wayne Starritt, student secretary 

from Catawba, West Virginia, woke 
up and looked at his watch to find it 
nearly 7 a.m., with the train due in 
Chicago at 7:20. But Wayne wasn't 
going to get caught again — No Sir! 
He got up and asked the porter if the 
train was running on time. Assured 
that it was, he roused the party — an 
hour early — Wayne had forgotten that 
the time zone changes between De- 
troit and Chicago. 

Foundation donors like to have the 
FFA officers visit them. They know 
agriculture is an important part of the 
American economy and they want to 
get a first-hand look at the kind of 
young men that are coming out of 
vocational agriculture to be the farm- 
ers of the future. Too, they want 
Future Farmers to know more about 
business and industry, and the people 
that are in it. 

Officers are often amazed when they 
visit the president of a giant corpora- 
tion and find him "just as easy to talk 
to as dad back home." Many of these 
men, they find, were reared on the 
farm and have worked up the ladder 
of success the hard way. 

It's a two way street. The boys are 
the best "salesmen" that FFA could 
have. In their accomplishments, the 
donors see at first hand the kind of 
top-notch farm citizens that come out 
of the FFA. 

Visits with the companies often 
include specially-conducted tours 
through plants and laboratories. The 
boys this year watched the manufac- 
ture of products ranging from Nylon 
thread to steel armor plate. They 
saw the assembly lines that turned 
out such items as cream separators, 
tractors, tires, automobiles, trucks, 
and process cheese. 

"If anyone questions the industrial 
might of America, he should spend 
that two weeks with us." said Gerald 
Reynolds, vice president from Corfu, 
N.Y. "They make some of the tough- 
est jobs you can imagine look easy." 

If the schedule will permit, the 
companies often provide special en- 
tertainment for the boys. They saw 
a stage play in New York, a circus in 
Cleveland, an ice show in Detroit and 
Golden Gloves boxing in Chicago. 

Charley Ocker. student secretary 
from Cameron. Mo., isn't sure but 
what they sometimes go a little too 
far. Standard Oil Company of Indiana 
planned to take the officers to the 
NBC studios in Chicago to watch the 
Wayne King television show which 
the company sponsors. Charley let 
it be known that he was anxious to 
see the sfiow "because us fellows in 
Missouri think Nancy Evans is just 
about the prettiest thing in television." 

Arrangements were made for the 
boys to meet the cast and have pic- 
tures made with them. Other "on- 
the-sly" arrangements were made. 
When she was introduced to him. 
Miss Evans quickly stepped forward 
and planted a big kiss on the cheek 
of a surprised Charley Ocker. A 
photographer's bulb flashed. The pic- 
ture shows the student secretary with 
a ver-rie broad grin! 

National FFA VP Lucky Charley Ocker 



The huge sign above the swine barn 
entrance at the Minnesota State Fair 
proclaims The World's Largest FFA 
Livestock Show. The claim is prob- 
ably open to question, but from a 
modest beginning in 1948 when the 
Minnesota State Fair included the 
first FFA livestock classes, the show 
has grown each year until in 1951, 263 
FFA members from 47 chapters ex- 
hibited 890 head of dairy cattle, beef, 
sheep and hogs. 

The Friday night of the last week- 
end of the Minnesota State Fair, 
trains, trailer trucks, pickups and cars 
pulling trailers, head for the Minne- 
sota State Fair grounds in St. Paul 
and the FFA livestock show. As the 
trucks pull up to the gate the boys 
are greeted by the ticket sellers, and 
thus occurs the first of the many ex- 
penses which each boy will have dur- 
ing his three day stay at the fair. The 
FFA members of Minnesota, who are 
hoping to become livestock breeders, 
have not asked for any preferential 
treatment by the management of the 
fair. Therefore, their livestock show 
has been patterned after the adult 
breeders' competition. 

Upon purchasing their tickets, they 
drive to the unloading dock and, after 
receiving pen assignments, make their 
livestock comfortable for the night. 
Then comes the job of clearing health 

certificates and checking registration 
papers against those entered in the 
clerk's book. The boy is then given 
a bunk assignment in one of the 
dormitories which are located in the 
livestock barns so that the boy is 
never separated very far from his 

Saturday morning comes very 
quickly and then the job of washing, 
feeding and polishing begins with the 
first faint ray of sunlight. This is the 
morning that each boy has been wait- 
ing all summer for — the day that the 
product of last year's planning and 
this year's feeding skill, will be tested 
in the show ring in competition with 
that of others who also hope to 
achieve success. Since most of the 
classes are large, the competition is 
extremely keen. A show ring with 
sixty gilts, sixty boy exhibitors and 
one judge is no place for a lad who is 
faint of heart. 

As quickly as the showing begins, 
it is over. The judge has passed on 
the quality of each animal exhibited. 
The animals have been placed. Then, 
it would seem, would come the time 
for relaxation. But this does not 
happen, for the boy with the cham- 
pion gilt or cow is very busy explain- 
ing to younger exhibitors from many 
chapters, what the breeding program 
has been, what feeding practices have 

been followed and general discussions 
of how champions are made. 

Those whose animals placed lower 
are carefully scrutinizing the higher 
placing animals, checking to see 
where improvements need to be made 
in their own livestock. These young 
men are not just showing livestock 
for the experience of showing, as the 
show is designed in such a way that a 
continuing program is necessary in 
order that they get a fair return on 
the money they have invested. 

Naturally, each FFA exhibitor who 
takes part in the show hopes to win a 
share of the $9,000 in prizes offered 
by the Minnesota State Fair, and also 
one of the eleven special awards 
presented by the purebred breed as- 
sociations. The most important ob- 
jective however, is to favorably im- 
press potential buyers among the 
325,000 visitors to the show. In so 
doing each boy takes great interest in 
keeping his and the chapter exhibits 
most attractive. Chapter banners 
throughout the exhibit barns togeth- 
er with premium ribbons accumulat- 
ed by the exhibitor, captivate atten- 
tion of prospective buyers. 

The fact that the Minnesota State 
Fair FFA Livestock Show has started 
many Minnesota Future Farmers on 
the road to success as purebred breed- 
ers, is reason enough to induce many 


younger members to show their livestock at the Fair. 

Dale Hand, a member of the Northfield FFA Chapter 
who was Minnesota's State Star Farmer in 1949, had just 
introduced purebred Durocs to his home farm when the 
Minnesota State Fair FFA Livestock Show made its 
debut. Dale's foundation animals won both Duroc cham- 
pionships in the FFA division. From these champions 
an outstanding Duroc herd soon developed. Dale realized 
that breeding stock and gilts from a State FFA Livestock 
Show Champion were in demand by the farmers of his 
community. By the time he became Minnesota's Star 
Farmer three years later, Dale owned 14 purebred Duroc 
sows and was selling hogs to thirteen surrounding coun- 
ties. After graduating from High School. Dale began 
conducting an annual purebred Duroc auction and now 
has built his swine enterprises to a $5,000 yearly business. 

Two members of the Owatonna Chapter who received 
the coveted American Farmer Degree last fall, Marvin 
Meixner and Eugene Pichner, both have won more than 
$1,000 in premiums as a result of showing their prize 
winning Spotted Poland and Chester White hogs at local, 
state and national swine shows. For both Marvin and 
Gene the Minnesota State Fair State FFA Livestock Show 
event also focused state-wide attention on their outstand- 
ing swine programs, and this was a stepping stone to 
success in shows such as the National Barrow Show. 

The full implications of the motto of all Future Farm- 
ers, "Learning to Do, Doing to Learn," was impressively 
evidenced to the people of Minnesota, when even in 
spite of state restrictions, which forbid the swine exhibits, 
FFA exhibitors were still able to fill the spacious barns at 
the Minnesota State Fairgrounds with their livestock. 

Eugene Pichner, Owatonna, and his Grand Champion Pen 
of Barrows at the Minnesota State FFA Livestock Show 

FFA Livestock Show 

Norwood-Young Chapter Members and Holstein Heifers They Exhibited at the FFA Show 


Delaware holds its American Legion Boys' State each 
summer, and FFA boys are always well represented. 

Joe Juliano, a member of the H. C. Conrad FFA Chap- 
ter who was elected Governor of Boys' State this year, 
said he believed 45°i of all the boys attending were FFA 

The regular Governor and legislators turn over their 
chairs to the boys for a session during their 3-day visit 
to the State Capitol. This year the boys voted to increase 
teachers' salaries, lower the voting age to 18, and to 
abolish whipping posts. 

Shown above are Joe Juliano, in the Governor's chair; 
William Bowdle, Harrington; William Lowe, Lewes; 
Richard Blevin. A.I.D.; Lloyd Cooper, Caesar Rodney; 
Leslie Dennis, Greenwood; Charles Carey, Milton; Wil- 
liam Lord, Greenwood; and Sam Smith, Middleton. 


National FFA President Donald Staheli of Hurricane, 
Utah, extreme left, congratulates three members of North 
Carolina's Wesley Chapel Chapter of the Future Farm- 
ers of America who have won the Star Farmer Contest 
during the past three years. 

Left to right: National President Staheli; Charles 
Keels, 1952 winner; Frank Winchester, 1950 winner; and 
Jerry Price, 1951 winner. It marked the first time that 
an individual chapter has held the honor for a three- 
year span in North Carolina. 



William Barks, a member of the Greenville, Missouri, 
FFA Chapter, is breaking the soil on the site of what once 
was the town of Greenville. 

Greenville moved its site two miles up river when 
Wappapello Dam was built in 1941. Now 187 acres has 
been leased by the Government to the Greenville Chapter 
on a 5-year. $315-per-year plan. Many buildings and 
trees still stood in the area, so clearing it was no small 
job. Notes were arranged for machinery and seed, and 
the chapter was in business. 

A working schedule was prepared where there would 
be no interference with other classes at school. The boys 
do not work on the farm unless Advisor James E. Calla- 
han is present, ana no one is allowed to work unless his 
school work is satisfactory in all departments. 

During the period of the lease the boys plan a balanced 
program of grain, hay. pasture and livestock, and a pro- 
gram is being worked out with the Soil Conservation 
Service and the Conservation Commission on wildlife and 
woodlot management. 


Idaho State FFA President Richard Jensen, left, looks 
over the registered Jersey dairy herd of two genera- 
tions of vocational agriculture students, W. A. Howard 
and his son Wally. 

Mr. Howard finished high school and the Vo-Ag train- 
ing at Emmett in 1929, just prior to the starting of the 
FFA in Idaho. He started his farming business with one 
team of horses and a few pieces of horse-drawn equip- 
ment on a rented farm. Today he owns a diversified irri- 
gated farm completely mechanized, and the 30-cow herd 
of registered Jerseys comprise the main livestock busi- 

Young Wally is developing a farming program of his 
own and as a green hand last year had a farming pro- 
gram of 3 registered Jerseys. 2 Hereford steers and 2 gilts. 

-•*l-(P , i4( | • hk 



; ::; ; -: : ;.: :•:-■;... ... ..■-'. ;"^v' ■■■'■-"■■ ■" ■-- - " 

■mm 4/ 

T I T U T 

R E Y N 



p. 0. Bo* No- IS"" 
Louisville 1, K«<"*> 

ALU MX OT 00BS TO SCH00,- ^ 

■u« TTn-rm Institute uc & 
Reynolds Farm tests. 

•u ^miects and iiexu. 
of research prcgeco 


Pf feet of aluminum's radiant 

heat reflectivity on li contillU es in areas wh . fl 

research on animal *he" dairy barnS are con struc- 

retards P- d : 0t i^ U c Tonditions dictate variati ns ^^ ^ 

rr^ras-- xn *. *.* of ^ Z[ tests are con - ^ 

in ug*.-«- 

important field- aluBlin um structures 

k .fit of summer heat reduction in a q{ ^ 

The benefit oi =■" „ M in storage. ine ° is being 

aluminum for picking sheds ^^ ^ from 

Th e benefits indicated by tj"^ 3 '.^ aluminum^and the-.^ 




These areas are covered by active Farm Institute projects. 



Mott. North Dakota FFA Chapter 
believes it has some sort of record, 
and unless they hear or see differently 
they will officially claim it. What 
they claim is to have the tallest and 
the shortest FFA member in the N. D. 
Association! John Haas, their FFA 
prexy and a junior in high school, is 
6'6". Vernon Haas, a freshman and 
cousin to John, is a total of 411%" 
from the ground. The total difference 
is one foot six and one-half inches. 

4 4- 4 
Alabama Future Farmers have 
planted more than 5 million pine 
seedlings since 1942 under a program 
sponsored by the State Chamber of 
Commerce, the Division of Forestry 
of the State Department of Conserva- 
tion, and FFA members. 

4 4-4 
Bear River, Utah Future Farmers 
have distributed more than 3 thou- 
sand pounds of rat poison. 

4 ♦ 4 

Canton, South Dakota Future 
Farmers produced 61,966 pounds of 
meat and 8,716 bushels of grain. 

Avala, Oklahoma FFA Chapter, with 
a six-acre chapter project of wheat, 
produced 306 bushels. 
4 4- 4 
Mossyrock, Washinton FFA Chap- 
ter members last year earned a total 
of $17,478.89 from farming, an aver- 
age of about $365 per boy. 

4 4 4 

Kingwood, West Virginia FFA 
Chapter has purchased cooperatively. 
40 thousand vegetable plants, 3 thou- 
sand pounds of insecticides, 4 thou- 
sand strawberry plants, 24 hundred 
pounds of certified seed potatoes, and 
500 baby chicks. 

4 4 4 

Mountain Lake, Minnesota FFA 
Chapter members have more than 
SI. 000 each invested in farming. 
4 4 4 

Moultrie, Georgia Future Farmers 
have taken on the job of landscaping 
five new churches in the county. 
+ 44 

Dayton. Oregon FFA members 
(31) went fishing on Siltcoos Lake. 
Everyone caught fish. 

You're "On the Team" with 

nil I 



(Authentic Western Cowboy Pants) 

Right At School! 

Right After School! 

Join the campus crowd in Lee 
Riders — the better blue jeans 
that give you greater comfort, 
neater looks, longer wear! Snug- 
fitting in real Western style . . . 
Sanforized for true fit. Zipper or 
button front. Handsome Lee 
Rider Jackets for boys. Lee 
Boys' Overalls, "just like Dad's." 

None Genuine 
Without Tkis 
Branded Cow- 
hide Label. 


There's a 
LEE for 

Every Job! 

Copyright, 1952, The H. D. Lee Company, Kansas City, Moi 

Preview of '52 

five thousand or more Future Farm- 
ers are expected to jam the Municipal 
Auditorium at Kansas City, Missouri, 
on October 13-16, for the FFA's 25th 
National Convention. 

Delegates will see one of their 
members receive the coveted Star 
Farmer of America award of $1,000 
and three others given the Regional 
Star Farmer award of $500. Other na- 
tional and regional awards of the 
FFA Foundation will be presented in 
Farm Mechanics, Farm Electrifica- 
tion, Soil and Water Management, 
Dairy Farming, and Farm Safety. 

The National Board of Student Of- 
ficers and Board of Directors will ask 
the delegates to advance 316 members 
to the American Farmer Degree, 
making this the largest American 
Farmer class in the history of the 

Five members who have spoken 
their way through local, state, and re- 
gional eliminations will compete for 
awards of $150 to $250 in the national 
FFA Public Speaking Contest. Other 
awards will be made in the National 
Chapter and Judging Contests. 

Convention delegates will lay plans 
for celebrating FFA's 25th Anniver- 
sary in 1953 and will see the premiere 
of a new FFA movie prepared by 
General Motors Corporation. 

Guest speakers during the four-day 
session will include Charles F. Bran- 
nan, Secretary of Agriculture; Oscar 
R. Ewing, Federal Security Adminis- 
trator; Earl J. McGrath, U.S. Com- 
missioner of Education; and James J. 
Patton, President of The National 
Farmers Union. 

Among the entertainment features 
will be specialty numbers by FFA 
members, selections by the 100-piece 
National FFA Band and 100-voice 
FFA Chorus, an inspirational pageant, 
"Liberty for All," and a show by Fire- 
stone Tire and Rubber Company. 

Kansas City's Saddle and Sirloin 
Club will be host for a special tour, 
entertainment, and barbecue at the 
close of the convention. 

From Florida comes word that 
Forrest Davis, Jr. of Quincy, Star 
Farmer of America in 1950, has been 
elected a state director of Farm 
Bureau. Doyle Conner, of Starke, 
National FFA President in 1948, has 
been successful in his campaign for 
reelection to the Florida legislature. 
He was 21 when first elected, the 
youngest known legislative member. 


(Continued jrom page 13) 

extremely desirable as a learning 
activity. Yuma Future Farmers used 
$27,032.74 of cooperative credit last 

Much of the behind-scenes work 
which makes these chapter coopera- 
tives function with such ease and 
efficiency is the untiring efforts of 
the chapter committees. The over-all 
activities of the chapter are coordi- 
nated by the cooperative committee 
consisting of Milton Johnson, Joe 
Ellington, and Tom Dougherty. With- 
in this framework function several 
sub-committees. Yuma Future Farm- 
ers believe in the value of committee 
work and training to the extent that 
every member serves on one or more 

Mr. Fourt, chapter advisor, says, 
"We cannot fail to give credit to our 
chapter advisory council." This coun- 
cil, composed of farmers Tom Smith, 
Homer Kryger and F. G. Braden has 
helped the chapter materially in de- 
termining policies and practices for 
the school farm and in working out 
rental and lease agreements on land 
and equipment. 

The results of this chapter's co- 
operative activities are many and 
varied. Outstanding among them is 
the increase in investment in the 
farming programs of the members. 
Yuma Future Farmers had $69,427.47 
invested in their farming programs 
last year. Three of their members re- 
ceived the State Farmer Degree this 
year and one is currently serving as 
State Vice President. The advisor and 
ten members attended the American 
Institute of Cooperation Summer 
Session at East Lansing. Michigan, 
by virtue of having won the State Co- 
operative Contest. Their new chapter 
president appeared on the program. 
Twenty-three members and their ad- 
visor attended last year's National 
FFA Convention in Kansas City. 

Directing the activities of the chap- 
ter during the past year were Bill 
Black, president; Ted Drysdale, vice 
president; Clyde Cumings. secretary: 
Art Blohm, treasurer; Jackie Chap- 
man, reporter; Pat Ham, sentinel; and 
advisors Millard E. Fourt and Ted 

In summary, we might say that co- 
operative activities appeal to these 
farm boys on a higher plane than dol- 
lars and cents. Their interest and par- 
ticipation are based on a firm belief 
in the value, need, and worthwhile- 
ness of cooperative activities. They 
believe that they are making a real 
contribution to themselves and their 
community. And when you consider 
that there are no adult cooperatives 
in the Yuma community you will be 
inclined to agree with them. 


To recognize worthy efforts of farm youth, and 
to encourage them to prepare for their future 
in the field of agriculture throughout the Union 
Pacific West, the Carl Raymond Gray scholar- 
ships were inaugurated in 1921, when Mr. Gray 
was president of the Union Pacific Railroad. 

This scholarship plan has been continued every 
year since, and today is ardently supported by 
President A. E. Stoddard. 

Each year 194 awards are offered to Vocational 
Agricultural high school students in this region. 

Another 190 scholarships are offered annually 
to 4-H Club boys and girls. 

From 1921 to 1950 inclusive, 2,289 Vocational 
and 3,671 4-H Club scholarships were awarded 
as an incentive to farm youth, to help them con- 
tinue their study and work in agriculture. 

This means that early in 1952 additional awards 
to be announced for 1951 winners will bring the 
total number of scholarships to more than 6,000. 

Thus Union Pacific — beyond the call of trans- 
portation service — is helping to develop west- 
ern agriculture by encouragement to the Youth 
of America. 

^Arqrlcuttural ^LJei'elopmenf ^Ljepartinent 







David Babcock and Max Stowe with posters used in rat killing campaign 

$10,000 Worth of Rats 

Little River Chapter Advisor 

future farmers, armed with the new 
drug Warfarin, are waging an effec- 
tive campaign against the farmer's 
unwelcome guest — the rat. Each year, 
the farmer pays $10 to $20 to feed this 
destructive rodent. With the number 
of farms estimated at six million, this 
all-out war is imperative. 

The Little River Chapter of Kansas 
has been one of the outstanding lead- 
ers in the antipest campaign. Early in 
February, Little River Future Farm- 
ers appointed a committee to head 
their program and pledged their sup- 
port to destroy the mice and rats on 
home farms and to enlist the aid of all 
farmers in the vicinity. 

The boys secured bulk materials 
and mixed the bait with Warfarin. 
To one part of the drug they used 19 
parts of cornmeal and a bit of rolled 
oats as a teaser for the rats. The bait 
stations used to keep the poison bait 
from other farm animals were made 
of heavy wooden boxes. 

One hundred and fifteen farmers 
joined in the fight, and some 532 
pounds of poisonous bait and 195 bait 

stations were distributed among the 
farmers and Future Farmers. 

The farmers were enthusiastic 
about the project. As one of them put 
it, he did not realize how many rats 
infested his farm until one morning 
he found eight dead ones after putting 
out the bait stations. Francis Reed, 
and his Future Farmer son, Norman, 
discovered 16 dead rats when clean- 
ing out old feed bunks after bait sta- 
tions had been placed there. 

A number of public demonstrations 
before various organizations were 
staged by the Future Farmers, and, 
in a little while, everyone in the com- 
munity was behind the campaign. 

The results were very satisfactory. 
An estimated average of 10 rats were 
killed on each farm and a total of 
1,000 rats were destroyed. Figuring 
that each rat cost the farmer from 
$10 to $20, the boys estimate that the 
farmers in the community saved 

Little River Chapter has been pre- 
sented the gold and silver awards 
with special citation of accomplish- 
ments from the Wisconsin Alumni 
Research Foundation, creator of War- 
farin, and has been asked to serve 
as the central station for countywide 
pest eradication for the coming year. 

The Strikeout Man 

(Continued from page 20) 

Of all the drivel found in this book 
none is any less promising or more 
downright awful than that of the 
struggling author who signed himself 
Ernest Hemingway, and who today is 
generally looked upon as the author 
who is most likely to be remembered 
among contemporary writers in the 
generations to come. 

In England a half century ago a 
young lieutenant ran for Parliament 
and was soundly defeated. 

He was to be defeated in elections 
again, too, but who remembers Win- 
ston Churchill as the man who was 
defeated at the British polls instead 
of the glorious wartime leader who 
brought Britain from the brink of 
despair and defeat to victory in her 
most trying hour? 

Harry S. Truman failed in his at- 
tempt to get into West Point and he 
also went bankrupt as a haberdasher. 
But he is more apt to be remembered 
for the fact that he became the thirty- 
second President of the United States. 

It has been pointed out before that 
failure can be a stepping stone to suc- 
cess. Someone has put it this way: 
"When we are flat on our backs there 
is no way to look but up." 

But people would feel a lot less 
sensitive about failures if they re- 
membered how thoroughly immate- 
rial failure is. It just doesn't matter, 
except perhaps as a guidepost for 
yourself. Success is a bright sun that 
obscures and makes ridiculously un- 
important all the little shadowy flecks 
of failure. 

— Courtesy, The Kiwanis 



'Twixt failure and success the 
point's so fine 

Men sometimes know not when 
they touch the line. 

Just when the pearl was waiting 
one more plunge, 

How many a struggler has thrown 
up the sponge! 

Then take this honey from the 
bitterest cup: 

"There is no failure save in giv- 
ing up!" 

— Henry Austin 



Du Pont fuels the "JET" that guards crops and livestock ! 

One device that symbolizes today's practical 
scientific farms is the sprayer, spouting chemi- 
cals from one "jet" or from twenty. High pres- 
sure or low, 3-gallon or 1000-gallon, it is a sign 
of modern times in agriculture. 

Why is this true? Because today specialized 
farm chemicals used in sprays are important 
to every kind of farming. Chemical sprays are 
used to: 

Kill flies and mosquitoes on livestock, in barns 
and other farm buildings. 

Control the insects and diseases that attack fruit 
and vegetables, cotton and corn, hay and pasture, 

Kill the weeds in fields and fencerows and the 
brush in rangeland, pasture and woodland. 

Many new spray chemicals as well as other 
products for the farm have been developed 
through Du Pont research. They have been 
tested and proven through the work of Du Pont 
scientists and technicians with the cooperation 
of schools and experiment stations and practi- 
cal farmers. You can look to Du Pont for chem- 

On all chemicals always follow directions for application. Where 
warning or caution statements on use of the product are given, 
read them carefully. 

icals to guard your crops and make your farm 
more productive. 

Insecticides: EPN 300, MARLATE* methoxychlor, 
DEENATE* DDT, LEXONE* benzene hexa- 
chloride. KRENITE* dinitro spray. Du Pont Cot- 
ton Dusts, Du Pont Dairy Cattle Spray and Dairy 
Barn Insecticide, Du Pont Livestock Spray & Dip 
No. 30. 

Fungicides: MANZATE,f PARZATE* (nabam and 
zineb), FERMATE* (ferbam,, ZERLATE* zi- 
ram), Copper- A (fixed copper I, SULFORON* and 
SULFORON*-X wettable sulfurs. 

Weed and Brush Killers: CMU, ammate,* 2,4-D, 

TCA and 2,4,5-T. 

Feed Supplements: DELSTEROL* Vitamin D 3 1 "De- 
activated animal sterol), Methionine amino acid. 

Seed Disinfectants: ARASAN*for corn, grass, leg- 
umes, peanuts, vegetables, sorghum, rice; CERE- 
SAN* for cotton and small grains. 

"Ftrade MARK 





NFA Award Winners of 1952 


Robert Louis Ellis. 19-year-old farm 
boy from Waverly. Virginia, has been 
selected to receive the NFA's top de- 
gree. Star Superior Farmer, at its 18th 
Annual Convention in Atlanta, Geor- 
gia. October 1-3. A $250 check ac- 
companies the degree, which is com- 
parable to the Star American Farmer 

Last year. Robert earned S2.604 
from his farming program of 192 acres 
operated in partnership with his 
father. Corn, peanuts, and swine are 
his main projects. A member of the 
New Farmers of America for six 
years, he has won a place on Vir- 
ginia's state NFA judging team, and, 
in 1949, was state and sectional win- 
ner in Farm Mechanics. 

Awards of $125 for the Sectional 
Star Superior Farmer Degree have 
been won by Olan Faulk. Cairo. 
Georgia, and James M. Brooks. Boyn- 
ton, Oklahoma. Five other members 
have earned the title of Superior 

Top National Dairy Farming award 


-is., ^ _^ 


Robert Louis Ellis, who will re- 
ceive the top NFA award for 1952 

of $100 will be given to K. H. Malone, 
Jr., member of the Sam Houston 
Chapter at Huntsville, Texas, whose 
sale of dairy products and cattle last 
year totaled $11,295. 

Winner of the 'highest Farm Me- 
chanics award of $100 is Ulyssee Ste- 
phens, Lowery Chapter at Donalds- 
ville, Louisiana. Cleveland Dishmon, 
Colfax. Louisiana, qualified for the 
S100 Farm and Home Improvement 
award, and Vernon B. Ruffin. Sweet 
Home Chapter, Sequin, Texas, won 
the top Soil and Water Management 

The annual H. O. Sargent award of 
$250 from the FFA Foundation will 
be given to Joseph W. Register, Val- 
dosta, Georgia, who has been chosen 
as the most successful young Negro 
farmer and former vo-ag student. 

New Farmers of America now has 
34.891 members and 1.003 local chap- 
ters in 17 state associations. This year, 
approximately 1.200 New Farmers 
plan to attend the National Conven- 
tion in Atlanta. 

Qj ' au/i ^Jacket 

• You can look your very best in an 
official FFA jacket of the finest water 
repellent corduroy. The manufactur- 
ers are proud of the consistent high 
quality of materials and workmanship. 
They are also proud to be the only 
jacket factories authorized by you to 
use the FFA emblem — and they want 
you to know their jackets can be pur- 
chased only through the Future Farm- 
ers Supply Service, Box 1180, Alex- 
andria, Virginia. 

(Th : advertisement paid for by 
the FFA jacket manufacturers.) 


Byron Armstrong and his "Heroine 
of Village Farm," the Guernsey 
he started as his first project. 



Trenton, N. J., Evening Times 

byron w. Armstrong is an outstanding 
example of the success of the FFA in 
New Jersey. This 18-year-old Bur- 
lington County farmer is the product 
of the aims of the FFA — the training 
and establishment of youth in agri- 

His interest in farming as a career 
is shared by more than 1,350 other 
members of the FFA in New Jersey. 
And among these boys, as in all states, 
there are many success stories that 
could be written. 

Byron and his younger brother, 
Roger, 16, who is also active in FFA 
work and is presently treasurer of the 
local chapter, are a very great help 
in the operation of the 300-acre fam- 
ily farm which is devoted largely to 
Guernsey dairying. 

Byron's FFA project during his 
freshman year at Bordentown High 
School, 1948, was the management of 
300 New Hampshire reds he bought 
as chicks. He came out with a profit 
of $2 each. Feed was high, and the 
market was low — so Byron dressed 
his birds and sold them for 50c a 
pound. Instead of abandoning the 
project, he kept some layers, and next 
year sold 35 roosters back to the 
hatchery for breeding stock! 

Already elected president of the 
local chapter, Byron was the first 
junior year student to be elected vice 
president of the State Association. 
That was one of the reasons he was 
sent as a delegate to the training con- 

ference held at Shelby, Michigan. 

During his senior year, Byron won 
a first prize of $100 for his dairy proj- 
ect, and last Fall was on the two-man 
judging team representing New Jer- 
sey at the Eastern States Exposition 
in Springfield, Mass. With Ralph Bird 
as the other member, the team placed 
first in the dairy cattle judging, and 
Byron placed second on individual 
judging of Guernsey classes. 

The "Meadow View" Guernsey 
herd numbers 145, and 80 of these are 
milkers. All are registered with the 

American Guernsey Cattle Club, and 
9 cows and 4 heifers belong to Byron. 
The heifer Byron had as his first dairy 
project, "Heroine of Village Farm," is 
still in his herd on his father's farm. 
Although Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong 
say it isn't likely Byron and Roger 
will go on to an Agricultural College, 
they point to the wealth of practical 
experience gained by the boys in FFA 
work with considerable pride. And 
well they might, for here is an ex- 
ample of what FFA means to rural 


Boys and girls find BLASTING CAPS 
— play with them— are badly hurt 
when the caps explode. 

mu n 



ic eM" 

Blasting caps are 
necessary to explode 
dynamite in mining, 
quarrying, road 
construction, and 
other jobs. 

If you find a BLASTING CAP, don't 
touch it. Tell a policeman about it. 

FUTURE FARMER — help save a child from injury! Clip this ad and 
post it where youngsters can't miss its vital message: 

"NEVER TOUCH A BLASTING CAP." These bright copper or alum- 
inum tubes are deadly dangerous. A cap blast can destroy eyes, tear off 
a hand or foot. Ask us for a free, colored "Blasting Cap Safety" poster. 

Institute of Makers of Explosives 

343 Lexington Avenue 

New York 16, N. Y. 


(Continued from page 11) 

Some are city people homesick for 
the country or making the soundest 
of investments against inflation. Some 
are young farmers with enough 
capital to get started. Some are pros- 
perous farmers who covet neighbor- 
ing land that is being badly managed. 

In addition to all this, the popula- 
tion of the nation has been increasing 
over two million a year for more than 
ten years and there seems to be no 
indication that there will be a decline 
in this increase. More and more peo- 
ple and no more good agricultural 
land. Much of the agricultural land 
which exists is already run-down and 
partially destroyed. It is being re- 
claimed because the reclamation is 
not only profitable; it is vitally nec- 
essary if the nation is to eat from here 
on out. We are rapidly approaching 
the state in which Europe has been 
for five hundred years, where no 
farmer who is not top notch is per- 
mitted either by economics or, as in 
Switzerland by law, to own land. 

But the fact is that we do not need 
a law to prevent land from going into 
the hands of the bad and ignorant 
farmer. Economics is taking care of 
that. Every year in this country 
economics is liquidating 100 to 150 
bad farmers and their land is going 
into the hands of farmers who are 
more able, more industrious, more 
intelligent, more thrifty and better 
educated. This will continue at an 
increasing rate despite all the sub- 
sidies, parity guarantees and price 
supports which in the past and even 
in the present have all too frequently 
served merely to preserve a bad agri- 
culture by the skin of its teeth. Eco- 
nomically speaking it would be diffi- 
cult or impossible to repeal all these 
aids at the present time simply be- 
cause the general level of our agri- 
culture, despite great improvement, 
is still so low that it is necessary to 
support and keep solvent the border 
line farmer in order that his purchas- 
ing power may support our industry. 

The day of the old frontier type 
farmer who believed that his land 
owed him a living is a thing of the 
past, save in a few areas so rich that 
even the stupid and ignorant farmer 
can make a living. This is not good 
farming, but good luck, and even the 
days of bad farmers in areas with ten 
feet of black topsoil are numbered. 
Having luck with good soil does not 
mean that a farmer is a good farmer. 
Some of the worst farmers I know are 
in the richest parts of Iowa or Illinois 
and some of the best farmers I know 
are in the originally poor or worn-out 
lands of the South and Middle South. 

A great deal has been made roman- 
tically out of the virtues of the 
frontier pioneer of the past, and a 

great deal of it was humbug and 
nonsense. The majority of the early 
settlers in many regions were not 
farmers at all but simply people who 
had failed in the East or immigrants 
from Europe looking for a decent op- 
portunity. None of these things 
necessarily made them good farmers, 
and many of them, plus their de- 
scendants, are responsible for the 
wrecked, eroded and ruined lands 
which succeeding generations in- 

Today there is no place for the 
farmer who thinks that "what was 
good for Grandpappy is good enough 
for me." The fact is that it wasn't 
even good enough for Grandpappy 
and all too often it was Grandpappy 
who was responsible for the fact that 
until a generation ago the farmer, in 
vaudeville, in fiction, in pictures, and 
on the stage was depicted as a char- 
acter in a battered straw hat sitting 
on the fence with a straw hanging 
from one corner of his tobacco 
stained, soup strainer mustache. 

Not the least important evidence 
of change in the status of the farmer 
so far as the general public is con- 
cerned, is the way in which the 
farmer is presented in almost any 
medium of entertainment today. No 
longer is he the "hick." The young 
farmer is the hero now. The young 
Future Homemaker is smartly dressed 
and drives to town in an automobile. 
She goes on school or club tours to 
New York, to Washington and to 
Chicago. She is just as smart in ap- 
pearance and mind as her city cousin, 
and because she has grown up on a 
farm she knows a lot more. 

The fact is, I think, that not only 
has the frontier, pioneer type of farm- 
ing (I almost wrote agriculture) gone 
by the board but so has the old pat- 
tern of general farming in which the 
farmer raises a little bit of everything 
and none of it very well. Again 
economics plays its part. It is no 
longer necessary for the farmer — be- 
cause of being isolated and living on 
the edge of a forest or in the middle 
of a prairie — to produce everything 
his family needs. It is much cheaper 
to buy many of these things and fre- 
quently what he buys is better than 
what he produces. He is up against 
two killing factors, also — o?ie, that he 
cannot afford all the machinery which 
is necessary for a complicated pro- 
gram of general farming — and, two, 
that his soils can never be right to 
get a maximum yield at high profit 
from any one of his crops. A farmer 
cannot possibly raise good potatoes 
and good alfalfa on the same soil. He 
will only make a mess of both. 

The farmer of the future and the 
farmer who within a couple of gen- 
erations will own all the agricultural 

land in the U. S. will be part busi- 
ness man, part specialist and part 
scientist. Again the increasing pres- 
sure of economics is bringing this 
about rapidly. 

You might ask now: What is the 
definition of a "good farmer"? I 
think I would answer, out of long ob- 
servation throughout the world and 
from first hand practice with soil and 
livestock during a lifetime, that the 
good farmer is a man who knows as 
much as possible and never stops 
learning. He is a man who never 
thinks he knows all the answers and 
is perpetually willing to try anything 
new which seems to him practical and 
logical. He is a man who loves his 
land and animals and knows both as 
intimately as possible. He is also a 
man who thinks that for himself farm- 
ing is the most wonderful profession 
on earth. 

In thinking about all this don't let 
the politicians who seek to buy votes 
with promises, confuse you. The good 
farmer does not want to be kept and 
does not need to be. In good times he 
is a rich man and in poor times he is 
always well off. Don't be taken in 
by nonsense about "family-sized 
farms." There is no such thing as 
size determining either prosperity or 
opportunity. I have known families 
on ten acres to make a net of ten 
thousand a year upward, and families 
in the Southwest with ten or twenty 
thousand acres starving to death. 
Prosperity of the good farmer is not 
determined by the number of acres, 
but by the intelligence and capacity 
of work, by the farm program and by 
the production per acre. 

Today the wise farmer does not ex- 
pand until he raises one hundred per 
cent of what he can raise on the land 
he already owns. The wise farmer 
and the one who is never foreclosed, 
is the farmer who, when prices rise, 
raises more on the acreage he already 
has, rather than going out to buy 
more land to double and triple his 
costs, mortgages, interest, machinery 
and labor to raise half as much. It is 
a simple mathematical rule that the 
more you raise per acre the less it 
costs you, and the less you raise per 
acre the more it costs you. There 
are still too many farmers farming 
five acres to produce what they 
should be producing on one. It costs 
them five times as much to produce a 
bushel of corn, a pound of beef, a 
gallon of milk in terms of taxes, in- 
terest, labor, gasoline and seed as it 
does the farmer who is getting the 
same yield from one acre. 

Those country boys who have gone 
to the city to make more money are 
no great loss to agriculture. On the 
whole they are the "quick buck" 
element who will be on relief the 


moment business is depressed. They 
have become the true "hicks" of our 
time. They never loved or under- 
stood their land or they would never 
have left it, and on the whole they are 
good riddance. They did not have 
the intelligence to realize that real 
agriculture is one of the most difficult 
and honored of professions and has 
been since the beginning of time. A 
good farmer has to know more about 
more things than any lawyer, banker 
or engineer — and invariably he does. 
Where the average man in other pro- 
fessions can talk only about his busi- 
ness or the narrow field of his own 
specialized activities, the good farmer 
can talk on almost any subject. In a 
very rich and varied life I have met 
them all and meet them every day of 
the year. 

Another one of the most striking 
things in the agricultural revolution 
is the number of city boys and girls 
of the finest type, often from families 
which own prosperous businesses and 
are actually rich, who are turning 
their backs upon industry, banking 
and business and taking up agricul- 
ture. In other words, in this exchange 
■ — the migration of certain farm ele- 
ments to the city and of certain city 
elements to the farm — agriculture is 
the great gainer. The least valuable 
element is leaving the farm for the 
city and the most valuable element is 
leaving the city for the farm. The 
pioneer of the future will not be a 
man who has failed back east and 
gone into the west to make a fresh 
start. He will not be the man who 
fights bears and Indians. He will be, 
and is, an extremely intelligent and 
well-educated young man or woman 
who maintains and increases fertility 
or restores the agricultural land 
ruined by his predecessors. Agricul- 
ture is a noble profession and a dis- 
tinguished one, the oldest and most 
distinguished of them all, and never 
has it been more so than today. 

The day of the bad farmer is over 
and we are on our way to a status 
such as exists in Holland, Denmark, 
Belgium and France where agricul- 
tural land is not for sale and when 
you say "farmer" automatically you 
mean a "rich man." 

The Future Farmers of America 
who are just starting out in life are 
doing so at what is probably the most 
exciting time in the whole history of 
agriculture. It has been said, with 
much justice, that we have learned 
more about agriculture during the 
last generation or two than in the 
whole history of the world up to now. 
And we probably know only about 
ten percent of what there is to know 
in the most worthwhile and interest- 
ing profession any young person can 


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(Continued from page 17) 
and freedom." Sometimes the voice is 
gay and mocking; sometimes it is as 
sorrowful as doom. The time will 
come, I think, when people will go 
to hear coyote singing as now they 
cross the ocean from America and 
join Londoners to go somewhere to 
listen to the nightingale. To be where 
coyotes are and to regard them as 
nothing more than targets is to miss 
a part of life. A book I wrote on this 
animal — The Voice of the Coyote — 
has brought me in touch with many 
country-minded people. One of them 
is a mining engineer named John H. 
Cheavens, of Tacoma, Washington. 

"When I was a schoolboy at Eagle 
Pass, Texas, on the Rio Grande," he 
wrote in a letter, "three or four of us 
spent most of our free time in the fall 
hunting" ducks. As soon as school was 
out on Friday afternoon, we would 
walk eight miles out to a ranch and 
camp, so as to be at the ducks at 
dawn. The town slaughter house was 
not far off from our camp; in those 
days a good deal of offal was thrown 
away, and anybody acquainted with 
the effect of the smell of meat on 
coyote singing can imagine the sere- 
nades we listened to. 

"One morning I was sitting alone 
in a blind when I heard a whole pack 
of coyotes coming my way. I kept as 
still as could be, expecting a sight to 
be remembered. Presently the pack 
came into view. It consisted of one 
solitary coyote with his nose in the 
air carrying all four parts of the 

"Another time I was hiding in 
brush at the upper end of a long dirt 
tank hoping for a shot at geese 
cruising around in the middle of the 
tank. Presently kildees* began flying 
up and crying their cry, along the 
shore of the tank. Their rising and 
crying clearly traced the progress of 
some animal coming towards me. I 
was lying on my belly so that I could 
see under the low, heavy brush. The 
wind was off me. When Mr. Coyote 
came into sight he was sniffing along 
the ground, saying nothing. He got 
within twenty feet of me before he 
smelled and saw me about the same 
time. Then he demonstrated how fast 
a coyote can move. I never have had 
the heart to shoot at a coyote. 

"Through years spent at the School 
of Mines in El Paso and at mining 
camps in Arizona, Durango, and San 
Luis Potosi. my acquaintance with 

*The correct name is killdeer, of 
course, but my people always called 
them kildees; Mr. Cheavens calls 
them kildees; and that name calls 
more to me than killdeer. The Mexi- 
can name is tildi — an imitation, like the 
English-American name, of the bird's 


coyotes grew. Then for fourteen 
years, while in the high country of 
Peru and Bolivia, to which Mr. Coy- 
ote's travels have not yet brought 
him, I did not hear his voice. In 1941, 
we brought our little girls back to 
the States and settled in a house on 
the edge of Boulder City, Nevada. 
There in the evening we could hear 
the song I had borne in my heart for 

so long. I would walk with my little 
girls farther out upon the desert to 
get a better hearing. 

"The last song I heard was near 
Bagdad, West of Prescott, Arizona. 
We were building a mill, for mining, 
about fifteen miles away and I drove 
the distance daily, frequently more 
than once. During the winter I got on 
speaking terms with at least four 
coyotes that I took to calling by name. 
They seemed to sense that I was not 
packing trouble. One of them es- 
pecially, a big dog, would stand about 
thirty yards from the road and watch 
me as long as I cared to halt to 
watch him. After two of the boys in 
camp began trapping, catching nine 
coyotes, I missed my friends along the 

"Now I am up here in the mists 
and rains of the Pacific Northwest, 
but some day I will be back where I 
can hear the coyote's serenade again. 
The next time you see one, give him 
my salute." 

It does not take any animal long to 
recognize a friend, and no animal is 
more perceptive than the coyote. 
There is nothing stranger in a coyote's 
being drawn to a friendly man than 
in a man's being drawn to a dog — or 
to a coyote. 

In the spring of 1947. Frederick G. 
Hehr of Santa Monica, California, 
spent two months at a cabin in the 
Cactus Forest, near Florence, Ari- 
zona. As he relates, strolling through 
the brush one day, he glimpsed a 
smallish coyote that he at first took 
for a jack rabbit. A day or two later, 
the same coyote, evidently, got up 
lazily from a position not more than 
thirty feet away from him and trotted 
off. After that he met the animal in 
all directions out from the cabin. It 
seemed to be trying to get acquainted. 
He began putting food out for it on 
clear ground about ten steps away 
from the ramada (shed) of the cabin. 

He could sit in the shadow of the 
ramada and in moonlight see the 
coyote clearly when it came for food. 

It was not slow in finding the food. 
He bought scrap meat in Florence and 
mixed it with table scraps, regularly. 
He began calling the coyote when he 
put out the food, and usually it would 
come within five minutes, not minding 
his sitting at hand under the ramada. 
One night two coyotes came. The 
stranger was a pup, about as tall as 
it was long. Mr. Hehr looked at it 
through his glasses. After presenting 
it and seemingly being satisfied that 
it had been admired, the mother 
coyote disappeared with it into the 
brush and then returned alone and 

"We often had fun riling neighbor- 
ing ranch dogs." writes Mr. Hehr. "I 
would start yapping like a coyote; the 
dogs would set up a barking, getting 
more and more riled, and then my 
coyote friend would let out some 
sharp barks. Before long all the dogs 
within three miles of us were going 

One of my country-minded friends 
is Norman Heslep. who dreams of 

retiring from work in gas and oil 
fields to an island in Caddo Lake, 
where he can camp with birds, 
squirrels, possums, coons and other 

About 1936. as he relates, he and 
Doc Harvey were working together 
for a pipe line company in southern 
Texas. Doc Harvey was about sixty. 
had lots of common sense, and "a 
good feeling for all wild things." He 
generally wore a corduroy cap. One 
warm day early in March while he 
was in a tool house he took off his 
cap and placed it in the open window 
so that the lower part hung down 
inside the room and made a kind of 
pocket. A wren discovered it and 
built her nest in it. Northers followed 
the 'warm spell, but Doc Harvey went 
bareheaded until the wrens hatched 
out and left the nest. 

Along the Nueces River, near the 
work, there were — and yet are. I 
hope — a number of long-legged green 
herons that Doc Hai-vey called shike- 
pokes. He was from Louisiana and 
that was the name he grew up call- 
ing them. He felt towards them as if 
they were kinfolks. 

Near the bridge over a creek, not 
far above its entrance into the Nueces 
River, was a bar pit, which held 
water only after rains. On the far 
side of the pit was a dead willow. 
Heslep and Doc often drove over the 
bridge, and one day as they ap- 
proached it they saw a big shikepoke 
standing on one of the lower limbs of 
the dead willow. Doc expressed curi- 
osity as to why the shikepoke should 
be stationed over water that did not 
have fish. From that day on, however, 
every time the two men passed the 
bar pit they saw the shikepoke stand- 
ing on the same limb of the dead 
willow. And every time they saw him. 
Doc would make some remark about 
"Old Podner," as he called the bird. 
He always wanted to slow down or 
stop at the place, and it looked as if 
"Old Podner" had a kind of friendly 
recognition of Doc. 

During dry spells the water in the 
bar pit would disappear and then Old 
Podner would not keep his stand, but 
this was a wet year and as soon as 
rain put water out, the shikepoke 
would be back at his stand. He had 
kept it fully a year when, one day 
not long after a rain, the two men 
drove in sight of the willow. Doc as 
usual was looking. 

"My old podner ain't there today." 
he said. "Now I wonder where he 
would have taken off to." 

The rest of the story is in the words 
of Norman Heslep. who was driving 
the pickup. "As we got opposite the 
willow. Doc asked me to stop. While 
I put on the brakes, he was opening 
the door. He got out and started 
around the hole of water. Without 
moving, I took a look along the op- 
posite side and there, his wings 
spread out on top of the water and his 
long neck and head lying on the bank, 
was the old shikepoke. Doc came back 
and got into the pickup. What he 
said I won't put down. 

"After that, every time we passed 
the bar pit and the dead willow Doc 
would say something about Old Pod- 
ner and express his opinion of the 
mean-hearted, low-minded, callous- 
natured biped that killed him — shot 
him for fun." 

There can be no argument over who 
got the most out of life — country- 
minded Doc Harvey or the killer of 
"Old Podner." 


find out now 

what the official 1953 F.F.A. Calendars 

can do for your chapter 


The Future Farmers of America in This Community 


Friendly Advertising Since 1888 













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1953 full color F. F. A. "Indoor Billboard" illustrated by 
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*The Nntional Board of Trustees of the 
Future Fs Tiers of America has authorized 
The Osborne Company as exclusive agents 
for the production and sale of the official 
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A MESSAGE TO F.F.A. ADVISERS: Are official 1952 
F. F. A. calendars going to publicize the fine role which 
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Director, Essex County Ag School 

FOR the fourth consecutive year, trial studies in broiler 
production have been conducted by the Essex County 
Chapter of Massachusetts. These projects are intended to 
raise funds for the Chapter treasury, to make comparative 
tests of broiler feeds, to make comparative tests of broiler 
stock strains, and to provide statistical summaries of 
results for teaching material in poultry classes. 

Each year, two lots of 400 cockerel broiler chicks are 
started simultaneously in separate pens. Five hundred of 
them are sold at 12 weeks and the balance capetted and 
carried to 20 weeks. 

One year a local farm supply cooperative wanted an 
accurate comparative test made of two broiler feed for- 
mulas and supplied feed at no charge for 800 birds up to 
12 weeks of age. 

Under the supervision of Instructor J. Stanley Bennett 
of the Poultry Division at the school, the boys weighed 
the birds at regular intervals, and the feed conversion 
results were given to the manager of the farmers' co- 
operative. Because of the free feed, a profit of several 
hundred dollars was added to the Chapter treasury that 

In other experiments, various broiler stock strains have 
been compared — Rhode Island Reds versus New Hamp- 
shire cockerel chicks, White Rocks versus Cornish New 
Hampshire crosses, etc. 

This year, White American cockerels and Buff and 
White Cornish crosses are being tested. The relatively 
new White American breed was originated by Instructor 
Ellery E. Metcalf of the school staff. Mr. Metcalf has 
worked on the creation and development of this breed for 
about 20 years. In the 1951 National Chicken-of-Tomor- 
row Contest, the White Americans were the highest- 
scoring white breed and placed third among the 40 entries 
of all breeds competing in the contest. 

In every project, the broilers are weighed periodically 
to check gains and feed efficiency. Eight, 10, 12. and 20 
weeks are the ages in which we are especially interested, 
though we do chart weekly feed consumption. 

School trustees allow the Chapter to use school farm 
equipment and a building, but all supplies and labor costs 
are provided or financed by the Chapter. 

The final financial results of the 1952 project are not 
yet known; however, at present feed prices, the cost of 
running an 800-bird project with 300 birds carried to 
heavy weight reaches about $800. 

The yearly task of preparing advance financial esti- 
mates on the broiler project is done by the poultry major 
class under the guidance of Instructor Bennett. On the 
basis of their report and recommendation, the entire 
Chapter membership, in open meeting, votes on the ap- 
propriation to finance the project. Money for it is taken 
out of the reserve in the treasury. 

During the past four years, the going has not all been 
smooth. There have been many difficulties to overcome. 
Yet, from these experiences, we have learned what is 
encountered in commercial poultry practice. We feel that 
the projects have yielded excellent returns, both edu- 
cationally and financially, with $100 to $200 net profit 
being added annually to the Chapter's treasury. 

Robert Caley, left, and Richard Williams, ag students 
of Essex County Agricultural School, Hawthorne, Mass. 
using a capette applicator on a Buff-Cornish cross. 

White American cockerels, \Sy 2 weeks old, tipping the 
scales at 1 3 '/^ pounds. This breed was developed by 
Ellery E. Metcalf of the Essex County School staff. 


There's Money in Rabbits 


Contrary to popular belief, there is 
money to be made in rabbit raising. 
All over the United States, with 
heaviest concentration on the West 
Coast, domestic rabbit production is 
becoming increasingly more popu- 

After over eight years as a breeder 
and producer of high-grade rabbits 
for breeding and show stock, com- 
mercial fryers and miscellaneous by- 
products, I've come to the conclu- 
sion that more and more Future 
Farmers of America should become 
interested in rabbits. 

America's rabbit industry is in the 
pioneer stage. By no means has it 
reached proportions of other livestock 
and poultry industries. Yet. unbe- 
lievable as it seems, domestic rabbit 
production spells profit for thousands. 

The publisher of a leading Cali- 
fornia agriculture paper recently re- 
marked that "there was more money 
in ten good does than 200 laying 
hens." If we were all able to see with 
our own eyes the progress people 
are making raising rabbits on a large 
scale, we would have little doubt that 
the publisher's statement was true. 

Rabbit raising as a vocational 
agriculture project not only provides 
profit, but offers vital training in 
management and responsibility— es- 
sentials in modern farm training. 

Most important in beginning a rab- 
bit enterprise are good stock, proper 
housing, sanitary conditions and care- 
ful management practices. 

Preparations should be completed 
for housing, feeding and proper care 
before animals are purchased. Some 
people with an urge to "get started" 
buy their stock, then find they have 
no place to house it. 

Some repeatedly insist that "any" 
stock is equal when meat production 
is concerned. I personally disagree. 

My judgment of a top-notch, pro- 
ductive herd is not based solely on 
the number of individual bunnies a 
doe produces in one litter, but on 
weight gains the litter makes, uni- 
formity of youngsters in the litter; 
number of litters per year a doe can 
produce and traits and characteristics 
certain does and bucks can reproduce 

In rabbits, just as in any livestock, 
there is a distinct difference in qual- 

ity of grade and purebred animals. 
And as in the case of most other types 
of stock, rabbits have a governing 
standard of perfection and a parent 
organization. In this case the guar- 
dian of rabbit associations and mem- 
ber breeders is the American Rabbit 
and Cavy Breeders Association. 

As the American Guernsey Cattle 
Club, for example, improved the 
Guernsey breed of dairy cattle, so do 
representative breed clubs improve 
varieties and breeds of rabbits. 

Good stock is not expensive in a 
long run program. Original econom- 
ic outlay is most easily repaid when 
purebred animals were the reason for 

"Withdrawals, next window, please!" 

When buying try to select an hon- 
est, square-dealing breeder from 
whom you can purchase stock. His 
interest in you will be shown by stock 
he sells, prices he asks, and his will- 
ingness to help you get a start. 

It is sometimes a tendency for 
young men to strive for a "get-rich- 
quick" project. Rabbits, by no means, 
are one of these. Although not super 
money-makers, they do provide last- 
ing values. 

Careful management equally 
stressed with good housing conditions, 
proper feeding methods, care and im- 
proved selling methods will reward 
any young man well for his work. 

Generally, today, commercial 
breeders are willing to accept pro- 
duction of domestic fryers as their 
number one objective; with breeding 
and show stock, pelts and fertilizer 
as secondary. 

Fryers from commercial-type 
breeds reach marketable size (four 
to five pounds) at six to eight weeks. 

Although some raisers hit the 
shows heavily, they as a rule pay off 
rather poorly to the inexperienced. 
With exception of an occasional show- 
ing for pleasure's sake, I would ad- 
vise a beginner of staying clear of 
the show room until he learns more 
about rabbits. 

There is every possibility for suc- 
cess in this pioneer industry. Indi- 
vidual households, hotels, restaurants, 
markets, plus specialty sidelines are 
waiting to be explored by potential 
rabbit raisers. 

The American Rabbit and Cavy 
Breeders Association. 4323 Murray 
Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
have prepared booklets for FFA and 
4-H club members consumption. They 
warrant careful study. 

If you are interested, send for them, 
ask for their specialty club listings 
and write individual breed clubs for 
detailed information on their respec- 
tive breeds and varieties. Use this 
information wisely and enter rabbit 
raising cautiously and seriously. 

When you have joined the ranks 
of America's rabbit growers, maybe 
you'll hit the jackpot too. Remember, 
the jackpot isn't too large now, but 
it can grow with your additions and 
become one of the finest treasurers of 
them all. 



r»Tfr*5iwf: Carefrfr 


: A'rci>\. 

i Irv recognition, of -outstanding iservice 






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Join the Second 

Annual Rat and Mouse Control 

Achievement Campaign Now! 

Your Group Wins — Your Neighbors Win 
When You Assume This Important Leadership 


Hundreds of FFA chapters have merited Gold and Silver Awards in the first annual rat' and mouse control 
achievement campaign. While winning, they have contributed immeasurably to the improvement of the general 
health and welfare of their communities. 

If your chapter's name is not on the first year's award list — or if you began but did not complete your 
campaign — then plan to make this the year that your community becomes rat-free. 

jgtefjy;?;,-?? Fill out the coupon and mail it today to receive every- 

thing you need to conduct a successful campaign. 



Educational Director 


P. O. Box 2059, Madison 1, Wisconsin 

Please enroll our chapter in the second annual rat and mouse control achieve- 
ment compaign. Send us all the information we need to conduct a successful 

Name of Chapter _ _ 

Address - 

President Secretary.. 

Adult Advisor 

Number in Group „ 



Can you read this? It appears on 
a sign in a Texas Cafe: 


Seville Dago 

Tousan busess Inaro 

Nojo Dems Strux 

Summit Cowzin 

Summit Dux 

"Take that thing off! Do you want 
to get shot?" 

A Crosley driver ran out of gas on a 
country road. Along came a Cadillac. 
Its driver offered the stranger a tow- 
to the nearest station. They were 
spinning along at 50 miles an hour 
when the Crosleyite spotted a cop 
behind them. He honked his horn 
in warning. 

The big car driver sized up the 
situation, increased his speed to 80 
to give the cop the slip . . . with the 
Crosley man honking again, this time 
in terrified supplication to slow down. 
Finally the cop did give up. strode 
into the police station, stripped off his 
badge and gun: 

"I'm through." he announced. "I've 
seen everything. I might expect to 
be outrun by a Cadillac, but when 
there's a Crosley behind him giving 
him the horn, that's too much." 

A man had a slight difference of 
opinion with his wife. But he ac- 
knowledged his error generously by 
saying: "You are right and I am 
wrong, as you generally are." Then 
he hurried off to catch his train. 

"So nice of him to put it like that," 
his wife said to herself — and then she 
began to think about it. 

Anybody that enjoys work can have 
a heck of a good time farming. 

"Your baby learned to walk yet?" 
"Goodness, no! He's just now 
learned to drive the car." 

Hens, as somebody may already 
have noticed, lay their eggs the hard 
way — broad end first. Why they do 
this is anybody's guess, including two 
British scientists who recently tried 
to discover the reason for the hen's 
eccentricity. In their experiments, 
the two scientists, researchers in the 
anatomy department of Cambridge 
University, got themselves a hen, 
trained an X-ray camera on her, and 
settled back to wait. Pretty soon the 
camera revealed an egg — and it was 
arranged efficiently, the narrow end 
first. But. about an hour before it 
was laid, the egg mysteriously turned 
around inside the hen. The scientists 
have been unable to explain why the 
egg should reverse its axis. The hen 
had no comment. 

"'. . . ajter watching that first half, 
I think we should go back over a few 
points . . . now, first of all, this is a 
football . . ." 


Two young men saw two pretty 
girls meet and embrace. 

Said one: "That's what's wrong 
with the country." 

"What do you mean?" asked his 

"Women doing men's work." 

First soldier, regaling a group of 
girls with an exaggerated ace :unt of 
his part in capturing a small town: 
"Then an explosion tore up the main 

Girls in unison: "Goodness! And 
what did you do?" 

Second soldier, standing by: "He 
tore up a side street." 

Menu for the Advisor 
A "Pinch" of Patience 

An "Ounce" of Understanding 
A "Drop" of Midnight Oil 

A "Dash" of Dependability 
A "Teaspoon" of Initiative 

A "Tablespoon" of Organization 
A "Bowlful" of Ambition. 

By Bill Craner 
Vo-Ag Instructor 
Preston, Idaho 

You've seen this before (on this 


See, Bill, they go, 

Thousand busses in a row. 

No, Joe, them's trucks. 

Some with cows in, 

Some with ducks. 


Every Future Farmer is a statistic. 
By himself he totals one — combined 
with every other member, he and 
they add up to the greatest member- 
ship in the history of the organization 
— a 1951-52 record membership of 

This year, 38 of the 48 states en- 
rolled new members, but Texas Fu- 
ture Farmers, totaling 34,814 are still 
the most plentiful bunch. North 
Carolina (21,244) and Illinois (17.057) 
rank second and third in membership, 
and 14 states contain more than 10,000 
Future Farmers. 

Fifteen hundred new Georgia mem- 
bers gave that state the largest per- 
centage gain over last year. 

The Future Farmers of America 
now have 8.500 local chapters in the 
48 states, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. 

". . . of course the signals are a 
secret, silly, but you can tell us!" 



The tired old sun still drops behind the 
landscape with his same defiant flourish. 
The shadows stretch, the valleys yaivn, and 
the low clouds blush "goodnight," the same 
as always. 

Still, there have been changes since the 
old days. 

As the shades of evening lower, the farmer 
faces homeward with a lighter heart. 
The tasks he set for himself this day are done 
—and probably more. The approach of 
darkness brings with it a sense of fulfillment, 
and the promdse of pleasant hours at home. 

For today, power farming enables the farmer 
to enjoy home life at its highest standard. 
The benefits of radio, television, amd many 
other modern appliances and conveniences 
have become commonplace in the rural home. 

This is the modern miracle in which 

John Deere is proud to have participated so 


Since 1837 


I N O I 

the year 'round 

Packed with mineral -rich leaves and succulent blos- 
soms, green-cut forage is a protein concentrate in itself. 
Protein often exceeds 20 percent in legume or grass 
silage made with the Allis-Chalmers Forage Harvester. 

Here's your answer to rain spoilage of hay. Har- 
vest standing green forage, save it all, with your own 
wide-throated, big capacity Forage Harvester and 
2-plow tractor. 

Power takes the crop all the way from field to silo. 
The Forage Harvester's power-saving, cup-shaped 
knives are spiraled to give an easy-shearing, cut-and- 
throw action that delivers clean-chopped forage to a 
trailing wagon. A new rear bumper attachment permits 
easy rear loading into trucks. 

Now you can follow the ideal soil-building system, 
with more legumes and grass, more high-carotene feed, 
longer lactation life for your cows. To livestock, to 
your land, and to you, the Allis-Chalmers Forage Har- 
vester can be the most welcome machine on the farm. 


^ ™°: • — :::: 


3 harvesters in 1 

Three attachments for the Forage Harvester in- 
clude: 1. A reel and sickle for green standing 
crops, or clipping pasture and stubble. 2. Pick- 
up attachment for dry hay, wilted hay or straw 
in the windrow. 3. A row crop unit for corn 
silage or sorghum. 

Built-in knife sharpener 

Cupped knives are power-honed by a sliding 
carborundum stone, without being removed 
from machine. 

4-way auxiliary motor 

Available for use with smaller tractors. Inex- 
pensive attachments permit interchanging mo- 
tor with Forage Harvester, ROTO -BALER, 
ALL-CROP Harvester, Blower. 

ROW BALL R and ALL-CROP are Allis-Chalmers trade marks. 


Has big nine-inch pipe capacity to match the 
Forage Harvester's tonnage. Power- saver 
blower fan has special curved blades that 
overcome friction-drag, throw into highest 
silos. Long, low, 11 Va-ft. lift-up blower con- 
veyor is ideal for power unloading wagons. 
Property capped, silage can also be stored 
in outdoor stacks or trench silos.