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The National 

Future Fanner 

Owned and Published by the Future Farmers ol America 

Court 1 * I ri, . , / 'm Farm, 

February-March, 1 956 

au iff 


meet MM's OUT-AHEAD tractors 

the all-new 








Go ahead! Look 'em over! You've got a right to be proud, 
because these are the tractors you helped build! 

Here's the question MM asked thousands of farmers, county 
agents, agricultural experts, and farm machinery dealers . . . 
"What should a new tractor give you to make farming pay better 
today?" Then MM took the answers and turned them into one of 
the biggest advances in power farming history: the completely 
new Minneapolis-Moline out-ahead tractors ... the POWER- 
Iined series. 

Here are just a few of the many, many new MM advantages that 
make the MM POWERlined series all new from the ground up. 
For your own profit future, be sure you get all the facts, Now! 



♦Extra Equipment 



Quick hydraulic 


5£>©v Matched to 
"3 POWERlined 


Minneapolis- Moline 


Cuts Farm Tractor Tire Costs 

Tractor tire tread depth (right) is instantly and 
accurately measured by inserting the handle end 
of the new Firestone tractor tire air measure 
gauge between the tread traction bars. If tread 
depth "A" is indicated (as shown here) the rim 
of a properly inflated rear tractor tire will fit 
snugly into the notch on the arm of the gauge 
marked "A" (above) when the handle arm of the 
gauge is placed on the ground and turned toward 
the tire rim. If the rim is above the notch, an 
overinflated condition exists. If the rim rests 
below the "A," the tire is underinflated. Tractor 
owners may obtain gauges Free at Firestone 
Dealers and Stores. 

The new exclusive Firestone air measure 
gauge will eliminate 70% of premature tractor 
tire failures that are known to result from 
overinflation and underinflation of tires. 

The new Firestone ah measure gauge is so 
simple that even a child can use it correctly. 
It will always indicate correct tractor tire infla- 
tion to provide maximum traction, regardless 

of the metal or fluid weights applied to tractor 
wheels or the varying loads placed upon tires 
when different implements are used. 

Firestone air measure gauges are available 
free of charge at Firestone Dealers and Stores. 
Tell your Firestone Dealer or Store Manager 
the size of the tires on your tractor and you 
will be given a gauge for that specific size. 


Enjoy the Voice of Fii 

ry Mondoy evening i 

Copyrlcht 1933. The 

y * Rubber Co. 


Hold Tight! 

Get a Better Grip on 
Your Work with PRDTD 


There's no substitute for the right 
plier when you need it. Choose ex- 
actly the ones you need from the huge 
PROTO line - standards, midgets, 
side cutters, end nippers, slip-joint 
and special purpose pliers-all made 
from fine steels. You'll get powerful 
leverage, and comfortable, positive- 
grip handles. Buy the ones you need 
from your PROTO Dealer! Send IOC 
for catalog of entire line to 
2267Q Santa Fe Ave., 
Los Angeles 54, Calif. 

Try Comfortable PRDTD 
/rr/$ffid/@£® Plier Grips 

More hand comfort with replaceable, col- 
orful vinyl plastic grips! Three sizes fit most 
pliers. Many PROTO Pliers already equipped. 
See your dealer today! 


Eastern Factory, lamestown, N. Y. • Canadian Factory, London, Ont. 

The National 

Future Farmer 

Owned and Published by the Future Farmers of America 

February-March, 1956 

Vol. 4, No. 2 


Life of a Star Farmer 16 

Your National Officers 17 

Turkeys Led the Way 22 The Sander Famil 

Compliments, FFA 38 

The FFA in College 21 

Success Began with \ o Ag Work 34 


National FFA Convention 



Recipe for a Fair 26 Cowboy Hall of Fame 

If Farming Must Wait 30 Corn . . . 300 Bushels 

Meet Y our Game Warden .... 32 Soil Sample 

Photo Roundup 45 


Coal Cracker 44 




A Fellow Told Mc 
Header Roundup 

6 Looking Ahead 14 

8 The First One Doesn't Have a 

Chance 54 


The young man on our cover has received the highest honor 
possible in the FFA — that of Star Farmer of America. He is Joe 
Moore, of Granville. Tennessee, who reached his goal in 1955 after 
seven years of systematic planning and hard work. Fully established 
in farming and a capable leader, all before he was of voting age, Joe 
exemplifies members of the FFA who believe in the future of farming. 
His farm consists of about 500 acres in the Cumberland foothills. He 
owns 85 acres and rents the rest from his parents, paying as much as 
$1,400 rent in '53 and again in '54. His livestock is valued at about 
$16,000. Joe says, "1 hope and believe I can have a happy life for 
myself and help make America a better place in which to live by 
working on the soil God has given us." (See story on page 16.) 


Box 29, Alexandria, Virginia 

Editor, Lano Barron • Associate Editor, Wilson \V. Cames, 
Editorial Assistant. Joanne R. Waterman • Art Editor, Jack 
Beveridge • Business Manager, V. Stanley Allen • Circula- 
tion Manager, Billy M. Howard • Advertising Manager. Bill 
Prince • Regional Advertising Managers, Jimmy Dillon, 
Jimmy Willis • Advertising Assistant, Barbara S. Ostertag 


THE XAT1DXAL I-TTl'KE FARMER is published Quarterly by the Fut 
America, Inc.. at 810 Rhode Island Avenue. N*. E.. Washington, D. C. Entered as second 
class matter at the post office at Washington, D. C. Acceptance for mailing at speeia 
rate of postage provided for in section 34.40(e). 

Subscription price is -5c per year, five years for $1.00 in U. S. and possessions. Singl 

■ pi, 


u. s. 


s. and possessions, 
to Editorial Office* 


Wherever you farm •.. 

You'll find 
AC Spark Plugs 

Where gasoline 
is sold . . . 

GM cars 
are serviced ... 



at independent 

service garages and 

implement dealers 

There are AC Spark Plugs specially 

designed for your car, truck, tractor 

or stationary engine! 

One hundred and twenty-five thousand outlets 
throughout the country sell AC Hot Tip Spark Plugs. 
There's one near you. 

As a matter of fact, thousands of American farmers 
are discovering there's an AC dealer just down the 
road. Service stations. GM car dealers, most inde- 
pendent service garages and farm implement 
dealers carry AC Spark Plugs. Ask any one of 
them for "Hot Tips" for vour car, truck, tractor 
or stationary engine. 

You'll he glad vou did because AC "Hot Tips" 
hum awav carbon and oil deposits as fast as they 
form. They keep costs down . . . keep plugs clean! 



Young Farmers 

Twenty-five cash prizes totaling S2000 
will be awarded young farmers, not over 
21 years of age, for giving, in 75 words 
or less, the best reasons why they plan to 
farms during 1956. 


Anyone within the above age limit who 
operates or helps to operate a farm 
within our area of distribution is eligi- 
ble to compete. So get from the nearest 
Federal Fertilizer Dealer your Official 
Contest Entry Blank which gives full de- 
tails including names of impartial judges. 


First Prize, $500 
Second Prize, $250 
Third Prize, $150 
5 Prizes of $100 Each 
7 Prizes of $50 Each 
I 10 Prizes of $25 Each 1 

CLOSES MARCH 31, 1956 

Plants and Offices at Louisville, 
Henderson and Lexington, Ky., 
Butler and Kennard, Ind., Danville, 
Peoria and Rockford, III., Columbus, 
Ohio; Nashville, Humboldt and 
Knoxville, Tenn. 


A Fellow Told Me... 

FFA Week February 18-25 

This is a time set aside for all of us to 
take time out from our varied activities and 
let the people of our communities know 
what's going on in the FFA. There are a 
lot of ways available, and we might want to 
see how many our chapters can use. 

We could appear on radio, TV, civic 
club and PTA programs, get news articles in 
the local paper, hold parent-son banquets, 
present school assembly programs, prepare 
show-window exhibits . . . oh, yes . . . and 
give gift subscriptions to The Notional 

Posters, special seals, and the like are 
good, too . . . and it may be we will get 
some such items from our state and na- 
tional offices which we can use. Let's let 
folks know about the FFA . . . what do 
you say? 
Money Raising Ideas 

If you are interested in money-raising 
ideas for your chapter, don't overlook some 
good ones in the ads in this issue — pages 
48, 49, and 52. 
He's your Boy! 

With the expanding circulation, and 
the increase to six issues, the problems of 
getting the magazine to you have made it 
necessary to employ a person to devote full 
time to the matter. Billy Howard was 
chosen to take over as Circulation Manager 
December 1. 

Billy's a nice guy to get to know — in 
case you didn't know him when he was 
National FFA Vice President during 1951- 
52. He served as FFA Exchange Student 
to Great Britain for 1952 and the following 
year won the $1,000 National Soil Con- 
servation Public Speaking Award. The 
magazine staff figured that a guy who could 
do all these things would have enough "get 
up and go" to see that we got our magazines 
— even if he had to deliver them in person. 
So let's write Billy if we miss a single copy! 
Dairy Cattle Judging Contest 

There are a lot of judges in the United 
States — and I'm not referring to those deal- 
ing with integration — but those who segre- 
gated the good cows from the poor ones in 
the magazine's dairy cattle judging contest. 
(Maybe some of us did integrate the good 
and the poor cows . . . but most did very 
well. ) You can see for yourself by the 
official placings. Further proof of our 
training is borne out in the article The FFA 
in College, page 24. (You'll want to read 
that, for sure.) 

Since we made such a good showing in 
contests a couple of our advertisers are 
offering some nice prizes in this issue. Fed- 
eral Fertilizer is offering $2,000 in prizes — 
page 6 — and Blatchford's is offering $ 1 .000 
in prizes — page 52. 

Let the home folks 
know about the FFA. 

-ar_ s 

Billy Howard 
Circulation Manager 




Dairy Cattle 



B C A D 


A D C B 


C A D B 


D B C A 



B A D C 


In 167 hours of FARMALL plowing 


saved a slow-down or 

vj w , j down -shift every W/i minutes! 






• • • 




Back . . . click . . . and go! Hitch or switch implements 
seconds-fast with Fast-Hitch for all Farmalls. Here's 
the two-plow, two-row Farmall 200 tractor with a 
hydraulically-controlled Fast-Hitch disk harrow. 

Ask your IH dealer to demonstrate exclu- 
sive Torque Amplifier on McCormick and 
International 300 and 400 series tractors. 
Try Fast-Hitch, Hydra-Touch hydraulic 
control and other Farmall Firsts. Use the 
liberal IH Income Purchase Plan of Buying. 


Internationol Harvester products pay for themselves in use — McCormick Farm 
Equipment and Farmall Tractors . . Motor Trucks . . . Crawler Tractors and 
Power Units ... Refrigerators and Freezers— General Office, Chicago 1, III. 

Torque Amplifier to the rescue -565 times in lfi7 
hours of farm plowing! That's the tally of clocks 
and counters in a test conducted by an ag college. 
By avoiding slow-downs or down-shifting, TA can 
help step-up plowing as much as 10 to 15% daily! 

When others balk . „ . you GO! 

with orque mplifier for 

McCormick Farmall DC and tractors 

Feel that on-the-go power increase of up to 45%, 
when you pull the Torque Amplifier lever! See how 
you sail through tough spots when others stop and 
shift down. Gain rounds, save fuel, with two speeds 
in each gear — 10 forward and 2 reverse! Change 
speed instantly to match power to the load ... or 
stay in TA all day if needed. 

TA teamed with completely independent pto ends 
the need for auxiliary engines on balers, field har- 
vesters and combines in most conditions. Keep pto 
speed constant, as you slow tractor and increase 
power with TA, to handle heaviest crops without 
slugging. On all jobs. TA gives 3-plow Farmall 
300 or 4-plow Farmall 400 bonus work capacity. 

Send catalogs describing tractors checked below: 
□ Formo.l 400 D Farmall 300 □ Formoll 200 

(4-plow) |3.plow] (2-plow) 

^ Farmoll 100 C Formoll Cub» 

(1-2 plow) |l-p!o»l 

Send for 


Mv IH dealer is 




Profits go up as costs go down 
when you use International 
Fertilizers. Here"s why: 

• Expertly made from the finest raw 

• Accurately formulated and properly 

• Flow freely for fast, even distribu- 

• Give your crops a strong start and 
steady feeding to maturity. 

• Deliver plenty of crop -producing 
power to bring you the greatest re- 
turn from every acre. 

• Available in locally-recommended 
regular or multiple strength grades. 

See your Internationa! Ferti- 
lizer Dealer now for prompt 
delivery of the goods you need. 

plant food 



Roader Rounduppf 

South China, Maine 

I take The National FUTURE 
FARMER magazine. I am a student 
of Erskine Academy and am taking the 
vo-ag course. I read the magazine 
every time it comes out. I wish it could 
come out every month. 1 do like the 
idea of six for '56. I am a member of 
the Erskine Academy FFA Chapter. 
I like to read the tractor advertisements 
and the jokes. I also like the cattle 

James H. Esancy 

Newport, Minnesota 

I wish to comment on the fine work 
of the magazine publisher's selection 
of articles for The National FUTURE 
FARMER. Many of the articles are 
very inspiring and show the great cour- 
age and true spirit of the American 

should be voted the best magazine for 
American rural youth. 

Robert Schttsty 

Manning, Iowa 

I am a member of the Manning FFA 
Chapter. 1 am a senior and have been 
an FFA member during this time. I 
enjoy The National FUTURE FARM- 
ER very much and 1 hope to enjoy the 
six in '56. 

I attended the National FFA Con- 
vention at Kansas City this fall, and 
this being my first visit there. I really 
enjoyed it very much, especially the 
awarding of the Star Farmer of Amer- 
ica and the National Star Farmer. I 
feel that the FFA has helped me greatly 
in my everyday life. 

Roger Barten 

Eustace, Texas 

I just received the fall issue of The 
National FUTURE FARMER and 1 
have been receiving it since the first 
of the year. 

I enjoy everything about it. I sit 
down and read it and before I know it 
I have read it from cover to cover, but 
that is not all. 1 read it about three 
times a week and get more enjoyment 
out of it every time. Wish it had a lot 

jgy^P/ ^x> 

more in it. Sure am glad to know that 
there will be six issues in '56. maybe 
soon it will be a monthly magazine. 

This is my junior year and w ished . 
that I could have subscribed to the 
magazine in my freshman year. I was 
president of the Eustace Chapter in '54. 
I think that The National FUTURE 
FARMER is the biggest little magazine 
in the U. S. Keep up the good work. 
Bobby Copprell 

Faribault, Minnesota 

Em enclosing my Dairy Cattle Judg- 
ing entry blank in with this letter. I 
sure like to see them in the books. I 
only hope you have more of them in 
later on. I am also happy to see that 
you're going to have six magazines in 
'56. I would like to have you write 
me if you can and tell me the placings 
if you can. 

Ed like to thank you very much for 

putting these contests into the magazine. 

Joe D. Jr. 

Fayetteville, North Carolina 

Enclosed you will find payment for 
67 subscriptions to the FUTURE 
FARMER magazine. This makes Cen- 
tral Chapter 100 percent in subscribing 
to the magazine for this year. Our 
Chapter has been 100 percent since 
your first year and we all think that 
you have a great magazine. 

We will appreciate it even more with 
six copies coming in. Keep up the 
good work and Central FFA Chapter 
will be pulling for you 100 percent in 
all your efforts and we stand ready to 
be of service any time if we can help 
in any way. 

IE. S. Boyd 

Hartford, Connecticut 

I have taken The National FUTURE 
FARMER for a year and a half and 
find it very interesting. 1 liked "Star 
Dairy Farmers" and liked the article by 
Paul Miller, "I Worked on a Farm in 
Sweden." I come from Vermont and 
have lived there thirteen years. I would 
like to know if you could write an 
article on farm courses and farm boys' 
life. I would appreciate it very much. 
John Walsh 


"Pick up and Go" Famil 

, • ■ ■ ? a. - . 

Over 70 quick-attached mounted implements... and 11 Ford Tractor models 

Moldboard Plows Disc p| ows Subsoile 

1, 2, and 3 bottoms » 

Tandem Disc Harrows Bush and Bog Harrov 



Rear Attached Mowers 

Mounted Side 

Delivery Rake 

Rotary Cutter 

Field Cultivator 

Adjustable Rear Blades Reversible Scoop 


Cordwood Sa 







Just look around you 
. . . every d ay 

• Each of us likes to dream, at least some- 
times. And among our favorite dream subjects 
is the future. It's good that we have these 
moments of reverie, because it is from dreams 
that progress comes. 

But many times we fail to recognize that 
a part of the future is here, all about us — 
right now. 

In the past, new lands stretched before us 
toward an unlimited horizon; opportunity 
appeared boundless for those who would make 
their living from the soil; wealth and security 
were within the grasp of everyone willing to 
venture into these new lands. 

Today, however, our land frontier is vir- 
tually gone. But in its place is one of equally 
exciting promise — agricultural technology. 
Great discoveries in the laboratory . . . radically 
improved machines and tools . . . highly im- 
proved methods of farm production . . . en- 
lightened agricultural leadership — all have 
brought a burst of tremendous acceleration 
to agricultural progress. So many of our 
dreams have come true that much of our 
future is literally here, now. 

So let's continue to dream, but let's also 
take time to look around, to discover, each 
day, those dreams that have already come true. 


Racine, Wisconsin 

Reader Roundup 

I'll tils Valley, Oklahoma 

I am a member of the I 
Oklahoma I I A ( hapten 
all ol the magazines that 
ceived from cover to CO\ 
very interesting magazine, 
out of the FFA I plan to kc 
it. I am very glad that w 
to get six issues for '56. 


I ha 



It is 


Kenyon, Minnesota 

I read sour magazine and like it very 
much. M\ ag teacher s.iid that I should 
write to you and tell you that we like 
the judging contests and wish you 
would put one in on hogs and sheep. 
It is \er\ good practice. I am a 
sophomore in high school and a mem- 
ber ol Kenyon Future Farmers. 

Harlow II'. Mich!. Jr. 

Duller. Mississippi 

I am a member ol the Beulah Hub- 
bard Chapter a\u\ have been lor the 
past two \ears. I sincere!) enjoy The 
National II II RE I \RMER maga- 
zines. Since 1 am on the dairy judging 
team I enjoyed this contest better than 
the others. Just keep up the good work 
and we will have better farmers in the 
future. Buck Munn 

\ assalboro, Maine 

I am a member and \ ice president of 
the Erskine Academy FFA Chapter in 
South China, Maine. 1 have been 
getting your magazine lor the past year 
and enjo> it very much. I was pleased 
to hear and read about it coming out 
si\ times a year instead ot tour. I he 
magazine is talked about b\ all Future 
Farmer members at our school. 

contains information which helps all 
ho\s that are going to make farming 
their career. Joe Suga, Jr. 

South China, Maine 

In regard to your storv in the Fall is- 
sue of The National FUTURE FARM- 
ER, about Doyle Conner, by Doris Cox. 
titled "You Can Do It. loo." I belies e 
we can ! I think you should have more 
stories and iokes to make the magazine 
more interesting. Robert Dowe 

Newby, Oklahoma 

Just got my issue of The National 
FUTURE FARMER and read it 
through. It gets better and more inter- 
esting every issue — sure hope you can 
get it as a monthly magazine. I think 
it's tops — keep up the good work. 
Would you please send me each of the 

^f" •■■&$&&&£ 

merica s 
Future * 


America's agricultural future is indeed in capable 

hands. The nation's farm youth by the hundreds of 

thousands each day are actively demonstrating their 

capacity to make the most of the tremendous 

opportunities that are theirs . . . and at the 

same time meet important responsibilities. Not only 

are they preparing for the future, but many 

of them are playing active roles in the present . . . 

with impressive records of achievement. 

A shining example is 1955 FFA Star Farmer Joe 
Moore, of Tennessee. This outstanding young man, 
working first as a vocational agriculture student 
at Gainesboro, Tenn., high school, became a full-time 
farmer when he graduated three years ago. 
Since then, through careful and astute management, 
he has built his livestock, equipment and land 
into a sizeable farming investment. Today he 
operates a farm of 525 acres — 85 his own 
and 440 rented from his parents. His holdings 
include more than 100 head of purebred and 
commercial cattle, 88 sheep and nearly 100 head 
of hogs. By clearing land, rebuilding worn-out 
soil, reseeding pastures and many similar 
projects, he has made his farm much more 
valuable than it was before. 

Joe Moore is symbolic of the finest in America's 
farm youth ! Armour Fertilizer Works is proud 
to salute this Star Farmer and the thousands 
of other young men and women who make this 
nation's agricultural future so bright! 




Feed your Calves 

A 2 quart PLASTIC Suckle 
bottle and rubber calf nipple for 


Absolutely unbreakable. Won't rust 
or crack — will not dent — weighs 
only 8 ounces — withstands boiling 
water — acid — cold — tested at Car- 
nation Farms — plus new design — 
heavy duty — calf size nipple that 
won't pull off, or clog — pre-punched 

Here's the New Way to Feed Calves 

No wasted ingTedientS, because no min- 
eral or vital nutrients can settle out in 
plastic bottles. 

Polyethylene Suckle calf bottle is trans- 
lucent and calibrated from 1 to 3 pts. for 
easy measuring. 

Special added offer — with each order for 
a plastic Suckle bottle and nipple, a cou- 
pon worth 50 cents on the purchase of 25 
lbs of S lckle — a nursing' feed for young- 
animals — mail this coupon today. Feed 
your calves the modern way. 

Please send me 

and rubber calf nipples. 

.plastic 2 qt. Suckle bottles 

City, State 

Enclosed is my n check □ money order □ cash, in the amount of 
(Send S1.00 for each bottle and nipple.) 

Make c\- 

Albers Milling Company 



Offer expires April 30, 1956 

Roador Roundup 

free booklets as listed under "Free for 
the Asking;" would really appreciate it. 
Fm collecting booklets on agriculture 
and FFA work. 

Dwayne Tallent 

Moatsville, West Virginia 

I am an FFA member of the Kassou 
Chapter and I am in my second year as 
a vo-ag student. I want to tell you that 
I am very interested in your magazine 
and enjoy it very much. I would like 
an FFA Supply Catalog. Fhank you. 
Jimmy Havatter 

Hallett, Oklahoma 

I enjoy The National FUTURE 
FARMER very much, especially the 
judging contests. I would appreciate 
it very much if you would have a 
poultry judging contest in your maga- 
zine sometime this winter. 

Lewis Dressier 

Henderson, Texas 

Here is my entry for the dairy judg- 
ing contest. Please send any informa- 
tion on dairy judging for practice. I 
am very proud of our magazine. The 
National FUTURE FARMER, and wish 
you could publish it every month. 

Franklin Hudson 

Tyringham, Massachusetts 

Please accept apologies for my little 
daughter, Martha, who tucked away in 
her toy box the letter my son, Donald, 
wrote and expected I had mailed to 
you, telling you how much he liked 
and appreciated the Argus camera he 
received as third prize in your contest 
last year. 

He is too embarrassed to explain, 
but I feel you should know what hap- 
pened and that he did feel very happy 
over receiving the wonderful camera. 
We all enjoy your excellent magazine. 
Mrs. Richard E. Birkett 

Blackduck, Minnesota 

This is my first year of agriculture and 
I received my first magazine of Future 
Farming. I like it very much. 

Ray Michalko 

Laredo, Texas 

I am a Future Farmer of the Laredo 
Chapter, and 1 would like to congratu- 
late you on the valuable information 
magazine has. 

Reynaldo Castro 

Anton, Texas 

Congratulations for a nice job on the 
publicity of The National FUTURE 
FARMER. I am a member and Chap- 
ter Farmer of the Smyer FFA Chapter. 
Don Emmnos 

In just a few months , 

we have saved nearly one hundred 
dollars with our Dodge truck" 

Says Raymond F. Peterson, Route 3, Bradford, III. 

-* "Our Dodge pick-up does 
double duty— as a truck and as a 
family car. That's why my wife and 
I take real pleasure in the easy way 
it rides, and the roominess and com- 
fort of the cab. 

__^&> "Workwise. I use the pick-up 
for jobs like carrying feed for our 
cattle, hogs, and chickens, or going 
to town for groceries and more feed. 
We figure we have saved nearly a 

hundred dollars in just a few months 
with our Dodge truck — it costs so 
much less to operate than any other 
truck we ever owned." 

-t^ Farmers in every part of the 
country are discovering that a Dodge 
truck gices them more — in power and 
style, in economy and dependability 
— but costs them less than most other 
makes. Why not visit your Dodge 
dealer, and see for yourself? 


". . .Dodge does double duty 
as a truck and family car." 


Looking Ahead 


Cotton experts are still trying to find out what 
happened. Seems that the experts were way off in 
estimating the cotton crop — about a million bales 
more than they predicted! Production has now 
climbed to an average of about 430 pounds per acre! 
Check this against the average yield per acre during 
the ten years from 1944 to 1953 of about 275 pounds. 
This means a sharp cutback in cotton support prices. 


As of the first day of January, 1956, any hog 
fed raw garbage at any time in its life cannot be 
transported across state lines — except for slaughter 
or special heat treatment. Nor can the products of 
such hogs be moved interstate, unless specially heat 
treated or to be heat treated. So remember, fellows, 
some of that slop isn't fit for the hogs! 


Zein fiber, developed from corn protein by 
USDA scientists, is becoming commercially popular 
as a blend with other fibers in the textile industry. 
Already worth four or five million dollars a year, the 
new fiber is a by-product of the starch industry. It 
adds softness to wool, warmth to nylon, and will 
not shrink. 


Fertilizer-pesticide mixtures are now registered 
and sold in 40 states and Puerto Rico. It is believed, 
however, that they are sold in almost all states, since 
some do not require registration of custom mixes. 
While the two-in-one mixture represents less than 1 
per cent of the fertilizer mixtures sold in the United 
States, the use increased 71 per cent last year. South 
Carolina, where the mixes were pioneered, continues 
to be the leading state in tons used annually. 


What with population expected to be about 210 
million by 1975, and the yearly increase in timber 
product uses climbing faster than timber can be 
grown, farm woodlots offer more opportunity each 
year to the smart farmer. Farmers own about half 
of the nation's commercial timber land — about 50 
per cent of this is in holdings of less than 30 acres 
of forest or timber land. These areas, if properly 
managed, can supply millions of feet of lumber and 
timber products in the years ahead — and put mil- 
lions of dollars in the pockets of the farmers smart 
enough to cash in on the future. 

When you want . , ; 

you want 


High Velocity 

says DEL MYERS of Urbana, Illinois 

"My wife and I find hunting the greatest 
sport of all. Whether we're down in 
Mexico on the trail of treacherous 
jaguar . . . deer hunting in Colorado . . . 
or out after woodchucks near home, we 
use Peters 'High Velocity* ammunition 
for its knockout punch. 

"Peters let me start off last year's 
deer season with a real thrill. I got a fin 
yards using a Peters 300 Magnum." 

Thanks, Del. That's what veteran shooters, hunters 
and guides everywhere are saying about Peters "High 
Velocity." Remember . . . whether it's pests or varmints 
or big game you're after . . . there's no more powerful 
ammunition in the world than Peters "High Velocity." 


"High Velocity" is a trademark of Peters Cartridge Division, Remington 


buck at 450 

From woodchucks to deer — Peters new "High Velocity" 244 
Remington caliber varmint cartridge combines exceptional speed 
with a 75 grain pointed soft point bullet. Ballistics tests prove its 
terrific striking energy at long ranges. This new Peters "High 
Velocity" cartridge is also available with a 90 groin pointed soft 

such as deer and antelope. 




GEO. S. LONG (1853-19301. one of rh^ firs! I ■ ■ 

production. A; Wcyi . ■ 

crop on company lands. He also helped form cooperative as: 

key hi future forests. ..the tree-growing power of the land 

Douglas fir tree farms are clear-cut in Earl} in the present century, Geo. S. Long and other forestn leaders in 
staggered patches. Seeds [rum trees left America realized that the nation's future wood supply depended upon 
near-by soon reforest the harvested lands keeping forest land productive. Mr. Long, particularly, sensed the 
...assuring a wood supply for the future. greatest assets of the forest industrj as being the soil itself and the 

reproductive power o I trees. Summarizing this concept, he said, ". . . we 
hope to so shape harvesting operations that the) «ill bring about thai 
ideal balance between forest reproduction and utilization which will make 
our industry as nearl) perpetual .1- possible. 

I In- vision and faith in both the future and stabilit) of the nation's 
industrial forests \>\ men such .1- Geo. S. Long led to the modern timber 
and land managemenl practices forming the basis l<>r toda\ - nation-wide 
tree farm movement. I he movement began with the dedication ol America - 
In- 1 tree farm b) Weyerhaeuser Pimber Compan) in June, 1941. Poday. 
all company forestlands. .1- well as those of 7.3 10 other pri\ ate owners. 

are operated as tree farms 1 total of about '•' million acres dedicated 

to growing timber .1- .1 crop. " rite us at Bo.\ < . Tacoma. II ashinglnn fui 
our free booklet. Tree Farming in the Pacific \oi r thicest. 

Weyerhaeuser Timber Comnam 


Life of a Star Farmer 

Bv John Farrar 

JOE MOORE of Granville, Tennes- 
see, was surprised when he was 
named Star Farmer of America 
at the 1955 National FFA Convention. 
He was even more surprised at the 
events that followed. 

Immediately he was met by a whirl- 
wind of photographers and reporters. 
Among them was his old friend, John 
McDonald of radio station WSM, 
Nashville, who was holding a direct 
line open to his station so the folks at 
home would be the first to hear a radio 
interview of the new Star Farmer of 

That some folks had been given ad- 
vance information about the award be- 
came apparent when his state Execu- 
tive Secretary, Sam Sparkes, handed 
him a copy of the Tennessee Future 
Fnrnier magazine with Joe's picture in 
full color on the cover. There was an- 
other publication waiting for him — an 
advance copy of the Weekly Star 
Fnrnier. showing pictures and story 
about the Star Farmers that would 
reach farm homes in the Midwest with 
the next day's mail. 

Joe made several radio appearances 
Wednesday morning for local stations, 
and transcriptions for other farm editors 
covering the Convention. Then, in the 
afternoon he went with the National 
FFA Chorus to participate in Eddie 
Fisher's nationwide "Coke Time" TV 

Eater that week he made transcrip- 
tions to be used on the Saturday "Moni- 
tor" network program, and another for 
presentation on the National Farm and 
Home Hour. Saturday morning Joe 
joined the new National FFA President, 
Dan Dunham, of Lakeview. Oregon, to 
ride as featured personalities in lead 
cars of the American Royal Parade. 

And it was just the beginning! 

Arriving home in Tennessee, Joe was 
greeted with a parade and celebration 
in his honor put on by the citizens of 
his home state. He was showered with 
congratulatory letters and telegrams. 
Just a week after his award. Time mag- 
azine appeared on the newsstands with 
a painting of Joe on the cover, and a 
four-page story about him inside. 

The editors of Time invited him on 
an expense-paid visit to their Chicago 
headquarters where he made more radio 
and TV appearances. While in Chi- 
cago he received a call from national 
FFA headquarters asking him to come 
to Washington and join President Dan 
Dunham in receiving a special citation 
to be given by the United States Army 
to the FFA. 

During their stay in the Capitol, Joe 
and Dan visited with Marion B. Fol- 
som, Secretary of the Department of 
Health, Education, and Welfare, and 
appeared with Claude Mahoney on the 
CBS Farm News radio program. 

Back home again, and gradually get- 
ting caught up with the work on his 
500-acre farm, Joe was called to travel 
again! This time it was to New Vork, 
where Arthur Godfrey featured him on 
his "Godfrey and his Friends" national 
TV show. 

Life clianged overnight for these Star 
Farmers. Sharing top honors with 
Joe Moore are Regional Star Farmers 
Lynn Loosli from Ashton, Idaho, 
with Richard Arnold of Plainwell, 
Michigan, and Ross Smith, Jr., from 
Monkton, Maryland. 

Joe is at his farm now, perhaps won- 
dering a little about this fabulous Star 
Farmer Award that, overnight, makes 
a fellow famous. He'll do more trav- 
elling, going with the national FFA of- 
ficers in February on their annual Good 
Will Tour. Perhaps there will be other 

Although his expenses are paid on 
these trips, time away from the farm 
costs money. But Joe never ducks an 

"What I am I owe to the FFA," he 
said. "Anything that I can do to help 
the FFA I will do." 

With FFA President Dan Dunham and 
Maj. Sen. John H. Stokes, Joe occupies 
the reviewing stand at the Army cere- 
monies honoring the Future Farmers. 

Joe went with the National FFA Chorus 
to appear in Eddie Fisher's nationwide 
television show. That's Eddie on the 
left sporting an official FFA jacket. 


Here are your national officers for 
1955-56 — the fellows you have 
chosen to represent von and the I I A 
throughout the year. They will truly 
be good-will ambassadors for agri- 
culture as they meet with men in busi- 
ness, industry and government on the 
annual Good Will Tour and other of- 
ficial duties in behalf of the If A. 



DAN DUNHAM . . . national presi- 
dent from Lakeview, Oregon . . . 
youngest (14) officer . . . received 
American Farmer Degree, 1455 . . . 
winner of state public speaking contest 
last year . . . past Oregon state presi- 
dent . . . member of 1452 and '54 win- 
ing parliamentary procedure team . . . 
has one-third interest in 875-acre 
ranch consisting o\ 150 head of beef 
cattle, 2()() acres wheal. 185 acres bar- 
ley, 50 acres oats, 60 acres alfalfa hay 
and pasture . . . studied at Oregon State 
College hut now runs the ranch. 


DALE RING . . . 20 . . . vice president. 
Central Region . . . li\es on 142-acre 
dairy and poultry farm near Wooster, 
Ohio . . . enrolled in Ohio State Univer- 
sity studying agricultural education . . . 
keeps about 500 laying hens. 20 head 
of Holsteins . . . crops include 35 acres 
of corn. 40 acres of hay, 25 acres of 
wheat . . . owns some farm machinery 
. . . past Ohio FFA president, delegate 
to National Convention . . . held other 
offices . . . elected outstanding Senior 
boy in high school . . . president of 
county HoKtein Club. 

TERRELL BENTON, Jr. . . . 20 . . . 
national student secretary . . . from 
Jefferson, Georgia . . . shares 200-acre 
farm with parents . . . rents 30 acres 
himself . . . has program o\ 33 acres 
of cotton. 15 acres of corn. 34 acres 
small grains and feed crops; four feeder 
steers, three head of dairy cattle, two 
purebred Hampshire gilts . . . offices 
include state FFA president, president 
o\ Junior and Senior class in high 
school . . . editor of yearbook, busi- 
ness manager o\ school newspaper . . . 
Sunday school superintendent. 

I ^ NN LOOSL1 . . . Pacific Region vice 
president . . . 20 . . . from Rocky Moun- 
tain section oi eastern Idaho . . . Star 
Farmer of Pacific Region. 1455 . . . 
studying ag education at Utah State 
College . . . irrigates all 160 acres of 
home farm because of low rainfall in 
that section . . . projects include 35 
registered Hereford cows, some calves 
and two herd bulls . . . rents 25 acres 
from lather for potatoes . . . owns 40 
acres used for pasture . . . owns own 
equipment . . . has held offices in 
Chapter and State FFA. 

LENNIE GAM u.l . . . Southern Re- 
gion vice president . . . 2o years old 
. . . hails from Cartersville, Virginia 
. . . studying ag education at Virginia 
Polytech . . . has one-third interest in 
640-acre home farm that boasts 120 
head of Shorthorn beef cattle. 38 acres 
corn. 30 acres small grain. 66 acres hay, 
20 acres Iespedeza . . . helps (arm the 
remaining acres of limber and crop 
land . . . was Chapter president and 
president of Virginia Association . . . 
disirict winner oi public speaking con- 

ALLEN COLEBANK . . . Morgan- 
town, West Virginia . . . North Atlantic 
Region \ ice president ... 20 years old 
. . . Star Slate Farmer. 1454 . . . part- 
ner with father on 350-acre farm . . . 
has 80 head o<i Herefords, 500 laying 
hens. 50 acres ol hay, ten of grain and 
2oo turkeys . . . now enrolled in ag 
education at West Virginia University. 
where he is president of the collegiate 
FFA and plays football . . . has held 
various offices in state and local FFA. 
including st. ue president. 

Let's look .if Our iMioual 

W JBjt ,SJL vm 

•*'. ,1 '" ' • 

Blue jaekets took over in Kansas 
City when 10.500 Future Farmers 
moved in ami national attention 
turned to their manv activities. 

Liberato Viduya, at right, 
first Hawaiian ever to 
win in public speaking. 

"Foundation Night" saw 
top awards presented in 
four national contests. 

The nominating committee 
is always a hard-working 
group at the Conventions. 

ing every year, we were prompted to ask just what 
influence it is having on members of the FFA. For 
our answer, we went to the fellows who had just 
reached the top rung on the ladder— the American 
Farmers of 1955. 

Of the group answering our query, over half said 
their attendance at a previous Convention had in- 
spired them to work for the higher degree. About 35 
percent had attended only the Convention at which 

All eyes are on stage as 
American Farmer Degree 
ceremony gets underway. 

they were awarded the American Farmer Degree, so 
naturally it had not caused them to work harder for 
honors in the FFA. Of the rest, many said they 
acquired the desire to become an American Farmer 
when they first enrolled in vo-ag and became an FFA 
member; some credited their vo-ag teacher, parents, 
and others. 

In most all cases, however, the National Conven- 
tion got a big vote of approval from the American 
Farmers, so good that some of the quotations are 


printed here so you ean see how we see ourselves, 
through the eyes of members. 

"I can sincerely say I've never learned so much 
and enjoyed myself any other time as I did during 
those four days of the National Convention." Al- 
bert Bernhardt, Wiggins, Colo. 

"The inspiration which I have gotten from the 
National Convention has helped me to become an 
American Farmer." Robert E. Haumgart, Mt. Car- 
mel, III. 

"It was at the Convention that I first became aware 

Ol what a great organization the IT A is." Jim Davis. 
Ipswich, S. Dak. 

"I think the thing that impressed me most was the 
way a large group of bo\s and men can work together 
so smoothly. You can really see the benefits ol trwng 
to go somewhere and make something out ol \ourselt 
when one attends the Convention." H. Preston Rich- 
ardson, Jr., Sugar Grove, Va. 

"The Convention is very educational to the FFA 
member as well as the general public." Jack Good, 
Lamar, Colo. 

Eddie Fisher entertained 
Future Farmers and sang 
with National FFA Chorus. 

The Grillots from Kansas. 
Both father and son hold 
American Farmer Degrees. 

Scene from the colorful 
pageant on the theme of 
"Patriotism and the FFA." 

Among the visitors were 
these Exchange Students 
attending from Britain. 

President Bill Gunter is 
shown presenting honorary 
American Farmer Degrees. 

A two-hour show was provided by Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. 

Future Farmers mingle with 


Donors to FFA Founda- 
tion were platform guests 
at the Wednesday session. 

A good one is passed between U.S. 
Sen. Darby, Gunter, and Wright 
At right, Mayor Bartle of Kansas 
City had Future Farmers chuckling. 

Left, Mr. Woolsy of Chrysler talks 
with Future Farmers at reception. 
Right, Pres. A. Z. Baker, Rotary 
International, a featured speaker. 

At Sears luncheon, E. J. Condon, 
Bill Gunter, and Harold Stassen. 
Right, FFA President Bill Gunter 
and Mr. Newsom of the Grange. 

"My greatest surprise was the size of our FFA 
organization." Douglas Moore. Marked Tree, Ark. 

"It creates more interest in agriculture through the 
speeches, business sessions, and fellowship with fellow 
members throughout the nation." Clarence Frazier; 
Union City, Ind. 

"When I attended the National Convention, I saw 
boys who were tops and I wanted to get there myself. 
I had been working toward the ( American Farmer) 
Degree and now I was determined to work even 
harder." DeWayne Hodges. Sevierville, Tenn. 

"The way the national officers carried out the 
meetings was very impressive." Gale Horn. Broken 
Bow, Nebr. 

"Although this was my first trip to a National Con- 
vention. 1 think that had I attended before, I would 
have worked harder to have a better farming pro- 
gram." Billy Shiley. Musselman, W. Va. 

"I appreciate the banquets the different companies 
and organizations had for us." Ralph Weirich, Bara- 
boo. Wis. 

"I have always been impressed at our National 

IJ I Hrti'ltiHiltiM' 

.... honor them with a plaque 

for a job well-done, reception for 

TA Foundation Donors, and 

Honorary Degrees lo one group. 

Secretary of Agriculture 
Benson's speech went over 
nationwide radio network. 

President Gunter, right, 
passes the gavel to Dan 
Dunham, president, 1956. 

Mr. A. F. Davis, Chairman 
of Foundation Sponsoring 
Committee, gets a plaque. 

Shown are Reuben Smith, 
Allis Chalmers, and Bob 
Norrish, Armour, with FFA 
members at the reception. 

At Tuesday's meeting the 
Honorary American 
Farmer Degree was con- 
ferred on several leaders. 

Fond memories are carried home 
as Convention becomes history. 

Convention by the interest that businessmen of our 
country show in the FFA." A former Minnesota 
State President. 

'The Star Farmer ceremony is one of the main 
things every boy in FFA should see. even il only by 
movies." Franklin Stehno. Billings. Okla. 

"The Conventions are very educational." Rexford 
Price. Mt. Olive, N. C. 

"I think that every FFA member should strive to 
attend the National Convention some time durinc his 

FFA active membership." John Watkins. Fayette- 
ville, Ark. 

"The ceremony in which the Star Farmers are 
nominated and elected. I think, is the most inspiring 
session of any National Convention. Anyone who 
can sit in the meeting hall unimpressed certainh is 
not a member of the Future Farmers' organization." 
Gerald YV. TruesdelJ, Westville. S. C. 

And on and on the quotations go. We onlv regret 
that space would not let us print more of them. — Ed. 



# fir '4 * * * T * ^M" f? *f 



TURKEYS led the way 


self in big business. He did it 
in just five years with turkeys 
leading the way. Now, with over 9,000 
turkeys a year and other farm projects, 
he has come a long way toward his 
goal — established in farming on his own 

This 20-year-old Future Farmer re- 
ceived his American Farmer Degree last 
year and was Star Farmer of Minnesota 
in 1952. Just a few years before, he 
had nothing but a burning ambition to 
be a farmer, and $450 of borrowed 

Chuck started his farming program 
with 300 broilers and one gilt on the 
family farm, about six miles out of 
Northrield, Minnesota. "But it wasn't 
hard to get him interested in turkeys,"' 
says Ruben Hovland, his vocational agri- 
culture teacher, who also raises turkeys. 

In 1950. Chuck started with 450 
birds. He raised this to 1,200 Bronze 
in 1951, and almost twice that many 

in 1952, plus 2,500 Beltsville Whites. 
By the time he graduated from high 
school in 1952. Chuck had netted al- 
most $5,000 from his three-year proj- 
ects. Now he raises 9,500 turkeys, be- 
sides purebred Duroc hogs from eight 
sows, and 20 acres of corn. 

There is no competition with the 
farming program of his dad. Herb Zim- 
merman, who keeps a dairy herd and 
engages in grain and corn farming on 
his 280 acres. Chuck says, "I built my 
farm program with full ownership of 
each enterprise. I use dad's tractor and 
machinery in return for work I do on 
the farm. My father also gives me an 
indefinite amount of corn in return for 

Chuck credits his family with a lot 
of assistance, especially sisters Annie 
and Katie, who helped with the brood- 
ing when other farm work took his 
extra time. Chuck's mother kept watch 
over the poults while he was in school. 

Advisor Hovland says that a remark- 
able thing about Chuck's enterprise is 
that he has made all his turkey equip- 
ment himself. It includes such things 

Chuck is shown looking over his turkey 
operations with Advisor Ruben Hov- 
land. His private plane is shown at left, 
a Cessna 140, bought with farm profits. 

as a brooder house, sun porches, rain 
shelters, self-feeders, and waterers. 
When the daylight hours did not give 
Chuck ample time he set up portable 
yard lights and worked at night. His 
tools, which include an electric power 
saw. are stowed neatly in a cabinet-on- 
w heels that he built. 

Chuck finances his operation with 
the State Bank of Northrield at regular 
farm rates. He is a stockholder of 
Faribo Turkeys, Inc.. a cooperative 
processing plant. He is also a stock- 
holder of the Dennison Cooperative 
Elevator and the Northrield Farmers' 
Cooperative Elevator, where he buys 
all his feed. 

Throughout high school, Chuck was 
active in the state and local FFA. He 
served as treasurer of the Northrield 
Chapter, and also as secretary. At the 
1952 Minnesota Convention he was 
elected state treasurer, and later that 
year, Star Farmer of Minnesota. His 
Duroc hogs have won prizes at Rice 
Countv and Minnesota State Fairs in the 
FFA division. 

Chuck's ambition to have his own 
farm will have to wait for awhile. In 
December he was inducted into military 
service. "My most pleasant thought," 
says Chuck, "is that in two years I can 
once anain «et back to the farm." 

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12-12-12 Granular Fertilizer 

Urea 45 Fertilizer 

Sulphate of Ammonia 

Anhydrous Ammonia 





It takes nitrogen to make , the 

essential green matter in plants, which closely 
resemhles in its chemical structure the hemoglobin 
that makes human blood red. Since chlorophyll is 
the vital essence of plant life, scientists delving into 
the secrets of plant growth call it "green blood." 

Chlorophyll traps sunlight to make plants thrive. 
The dark green color of growing crops, well supplied 
with nitrogen, and the higher yields they produce- 
show the importance of nitrogen to life in plants. 

To keep an acre of corn growing green and strong 
to the point of yielding 100 bushels takes about 150 
pounds of nitrogen. Rich new soils can hardly sup- 
ply this amount of nitrogen fast enough. Most soils 
that have been cropped for years need to have nitro- 
gen added as fertilizer. Nowadays it's easier and 
more economical to add more and more fertilizer 
nitrogen for the high yields that bring profits. 

Today for example, you can get ARCADIAN 
UREA 45, the dry nitrogen fertilizer that provides 
900 pounds of actual nitrogen in every ton you 
handle. Other labor-savers are Nitrogen Solutions 
that end all lifting and lugging of bags, since pumps 
and machinery do the work. And you can get com- 
plete fertilizers that contain more nitrogen than 
ever before. 

Nitrogen Division, maker of ARCADIAN products, 
and long-time major supplier of nitrogen to the 
fertilizer industry, is continuing to improve its 
facilities for supplying nitrogen in new-low-cost, 
easy-handling liquid and solid forms. Whether 
you aim for crop records or strict cash pay-off, 
you'll profit by using plenty of nitrogen. 

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• Ironton. Ohio • Omaha 7, Neb. • Columbia, Mo. 
• Hopewell, Va. • Columbia 1, S. C. • Atlanta 3, 6a. 
ch. ■ San Francisco 3, Cat. • Los Angeles 5, Cal. 

New York 6, N. Y. 
Indianapolis 20, I nd. 
Kalamazoo, M 

The FFA in College 

You don't have to be a former FFA member to be a topnoteh 
judge in college but it does help as this group's record shows. 

THE FFA should be proud to put its label on 
the seven young men shown in the center of 
the above photo. They are a select group of 
former FFA members who are setting new records 
in collegiate judging contests. Currently members 
of the Oklahoma A & M team, they topped twenty 
other college teams to win the American Royal 
contests in Kansas City, Missouri. 

All seven of the judges are former FFA members 
and all are State Farmers. To top that, five of them 
ranked first, second, fourth, fifth, and seventh in 
individual ratings. And all five were former presi- 
dents of their FFA Chapters! 

To further prove the merit of FFA training, the 

team's coach, Dr. Robert Totusek, is a former out 
standing Oklahoma FFA member and an American 

And the pretty girl? No, she isn't a former Future 
Farmer! She is Aggie Princess Gene Lephew. Others 
from the left, are team members Ned Purtle, of 
Hope, Arkansas, an alternate, and Oklahomans 
Harold Spies, of Mountain View, high individual; 
Joe Christian, of Marshall, alternate; Eddie Fisher, 
of Cushing, fifth individual; Glenn Cantrel, of Rush 
Springs, seventh individual; Duane Zimmerman, of 
Fairview, second individual; Vic Carey, of Guthrie, 
fourth individual, and Dr. Totusek, coach. 

And the Hereford steer isn't impressed at all! 



Even in a hot, dry season— 

3 1 CI fill -treated rows produced 
7 3 more corn than untreated rows 

Results gathered by Shell Chemical's 
field research show, again and again, 
that you can get greater yields of top- 
quality corn by treating your soil with 
aldrin. Like Mr. Franklin Rodgers. 
thousands of growers throughout the 
corn belt are controlling major soil 
insects with powerful aldrin. 

Aldrin wipes out root worm, wire- 
worm, seed corn maggot, and other soil 
pests for the entire season. And aldrin 

is economical. Mere ounces of actual 
aldrin per acre give an effective, fast kill. 

Apply aldrin as spray or granules', or 
apply it mixed with fertilizer. Which- 
ever method of application you prefer, 
aldrin gives you top-notch control. 

Aldrin is available under well-known 
brand names from insecticide dealers. 
Your county agent can supply you with 
further information on aldrin and 
its application. 

Here are the results that Mr. 
Franklin Rodgers. Corso. Mo., got 
when tie treated with aldrin: "I'll 

lore shelled corn 
ted with aldrin. 

get about ! 4 to 
from the field t 
Aldrin-treated rows were mor 
form, better filled and there 
fewer nubbins." 


460 Park Avenue. New York 22, New York 

Recipe for a Fair 

By Ralph J. Woodin 

REMEMBER HOW MOTHER used to stir up a fruit cake? She 
had a wonderful variety of ingredients. None were very ap- 
pealing in themselves, but when they were all stirred together 
and baked for what seemed an unreasonably long time, out of the 
oven came a tempting fruit cake! 

A recipe for a fair is something like the one for a fruit cake. It 
takes a variety of fine ingredients to produce a good one. and a long 
waiting period while plans materialize. But the results are very much 
worth while. Everyone in the community looks forward to attending 
a good fair. 

The Ohio State Junior Fair, one of the oldest in the United States, 
has found through the years that the following ingredients are useful 
in coming up with a better fair each year. First, you start with some- 
one who has a love for livestock and pride in showing. Next, stir in 
heaping portions of interest and enthusiasm on the part of mom, dad. 
and the rest of the family. After these have been well-mixed, blend 
thoroughly the inspiration and energy of vo-ag teachers, county agents 
and club leaders, to hold the mixture together. 

In order to lighten the cake, fold in a heart) measure of the gen- 
erosity of business and industrial leaders who provide trophies, rib- 
bons and other awards. Finally, for frosting, top off the fair with a 
pretty girl! The Future Farmer Oueen Contest at the Ohio State 
Junior Fair has long been the frosting on the cake as far as those boys 
are concerned! 

Try this recipe for your own fair. Select the ingredients wisely, 
measure and mix them judiciously, bake in an atmosphere of warm 
interest, and the results will be a fair to tempt your community's 

For frostin 

Then you add to this the interest of mothers. 

And don't forget a portion of help from Dad 

Then leaven with trophies, ribbons, and awards. 



The Super 55 diesel. Only Oliver offers diesel in this 2-3 plow utility tractor size 

$1 for fuel, 9 2 

for you! 

That's just how it works out when 
you go to an Oliver diesel. Where 
you used to put, say, three dollars' 
worth of fuel in the tank, now it 
takes but one — you keep the other 

How can this be? Well, in the first 
place, you burn only six gallons of 
diesel fuel to ten of gasoline. Then, 
of course, your diesel fuel costs much 

less. These two factors — fewer gal- 
lons, lower price — knock as much as 
two-thirds off your fuel bills. 

Such savings are yours no matter 
what size Oliver you buy. Because 
Oliver alone among farm equipment 
makers offers you a dollar -saving 
diesel in each of its six wheel tractor 
sizes. Each of them — from the handy 
Super 55 up through the mighty 

Super 99GM— offers features thai 
no other tractor can match. 

Remember, too. these Olivers are 
real diesels. Touch the starter but- 
ton and you are ready for work. No 
extra starting engine or special start- 
ing fuel needed. Yes. there's a differ- 
ence in diesels. and it's easy to see- 
just see the Oliver dealer. 

The Oliver Corporation 

400 West Madison St. 

Chicago 6, Illinois 


Some turkeys like to eat inside, some outside. To make sure they 
all get enough, Mr. and Mrs. James Rusk have put troughs on 
the. welded steel sunporch outside brooder liouse. Flowing icater 
is available to turkeys through lattice at the edge of sunporch floor. 

Taking care of 3,500 turkeys in this Quonset brooder house is 
easy. Automatic watering and feeding hold labor to a minimum. 
Gas brooders are used and no extra heat is needed in the well- 
insulated Quonset. Rusk plans to build two more Quonset 
brooder Iiouses later this year. 

Part of the siinporch is shaded and the turkeys come and 
go at will through the open windows in side of Quonset. 

Turkeys from 

orse Heaven 

At the foot of the Horse Heaven Hills, 
in the shadow of snow-capped Mount 
Adams, Mr. and Mrs. James Rusk have 
combined dry lands and the fertile irri- 
gated soils of the Yakima Valley of 
Washington to develop a turkey oper- 
ation based on thorough disease control 
and increased labor efficiency. 

The James Rusk farm at Mabton, 
Wash., consists of 240 acres -100 acres 
of dry land used for turkey range, and 
the balance irrigated. The irrigated 
lands are planted to mint for mint oil 
production, alfalfa hay, corn for feed, 
and wheat. The dry range acreage is 
separated into 36 pens, 18 of which are 
used each year. 

To fully utilize his labor force, Jim 
plants crops that will free men for the 
turkey operations when extra help is 
needed in t his major enterprise. A regular 
force of two men care for the turkeys in 
the brooder houses, and two other men 
care for the birds on the range. 

The farm has been planned for all 
mechanization possible. For example, 
range feed is bought in bulk, stored in 
the large granary in bulk, and fed from 
a bulk feeder truck by auger spouts 
into the range feeders. 

The old-style brooder houses have out- 
door feeders, used as soon as the birds 
are big enough to find the feed on the This operation was greatly 
improved last year when a new Quonset 

brooder house was built and 3,500 birds 
at a time were reared in the new Quonset. 

With automatic feeders and fountains 
in the new Quonset, the 3,500 birds are 
cared for in one-half man-hours daily. 
The old system of small individual 
brooder houses for 1,000 birds took 
one man-hour per 1,000 birds. 

This improvement alone saved over 
$1,500 a year in labor plus the advan- 

tages of the longer life of the building 
and lower repair costs. 

Jim Rusk also reports that the even 

temperature inside the Quonset brooder 
house has paid big dividends over the 
"hot and cold" old-style buildings used 
previously. Cleaning time is reduced and 
Jim said. "I like the looks of thai sub- 
stantial building after seeing those old 
shacks for so long." 

There's a Quonset for Every Job on your Farmstead 

r*~^- >v> 

Air^H /frfr ' . ■«■ 


xJ3fcV Ecor.e, Detroit 29, Michigan • A unit of 


Miymtiti i Arrn ymim 

At the foot of the Horse Heaven Hills, where Indian 
ponies used to run free in belly-deep grass, is 

Jim Rusk's farm. Grain storage is located in the 
rear, machinery storage and ■' left. 

If Farming Must Wait . . . 

New career opportunities lie in the field of feed technology, 
with the help of industry representatives who paved the way. 


opening in the field of feed technology. 
Kansas State College's School of Agri- 
culture is offering a full four-year course 
in this subject, and it is the only one of 
its kind in the world. The program is 

A complicated electronic control board 
regulates formulation of feed batches. 

By Tom Wright 

being carried out by the school's De- 
partment of Flour and Feed Milling 
industries, supported by the pledges of 
feed industry representatives who have 
provided funds for a new building. 

A forward step in this educational 
project was completed last November, 
when the above half-million dollar feed 
technology building and pilot plant were 
dedicated at Manhatten, Kansas. The 
building houses 145 pieces of equipment 
and machinery, donated by suppliers and 
manufacturers throughout the nation. 

The important result is that the build- 
ing and plant can duplicate almost any 
commercial operation. It will give stu- 
dents training in all phases of feed 
manufacturing. There is a shortage of 
trained personnel in this expanding in- 
dustry, according to executives of the 
American Feed Manufacturers' Asso- 

The college course is expected to sup- 
ply an annual reservoir of 200 trained 
men. FFA members, particularly, should 

be suited for the curriculum because of 
their broad agricultural background. 
The four-year course is flexible, enabling 
students to learn related subjects essen- 
tial in the study of feed technology, as 
well as liberal arts courses. There are 
three courses from which to choose: 
administration, mechanical operation, or 
nutrition. Graduates have a Bachelor of 
Science degree in Feed Technology. 
The course was actually first offered in 
the fall of 1951 and currently has about 
40 students enrolled. 

Future Farmers will be interested to 
know that there are six scholarships 
available to undergraduates. Funds to- 
taling $1,600 are awarded at the rate of 
$200 a semester. It is expected that 
more scholarships will become available 
through the feed industry's funds set 
aside for this purpose. 

And so another career is ahead for 
you — in the expanding field of feed 


Batty Vak Vmm 0^ 



Bobhv Dale Parsons is an old hand — at 15 — 
with broilers and turkeys. All his life he has 
worked with them under the guidance of his 
father. Dale Parsons, Route 5, Springdale, 
Arkansas. And he plans to continue working 
with feathered meat-makers when he starts 
farming on his own. 

He already has the know-how. Just last 
summer he raised a house of -i,000 
Purina-fed Red Vantress broilers and 
pocketed a substantial profit for future 
schooling. His birds sold at an average of 
3.06 pounds when thev were nine weeks 
and one day old. He had a livabilitv of 
better than 9 7 %, which reflects his good 
sanitation, management and feeding 
practices. He averaged 41.56 pounds of meat 
per 100 pounds of Purina Broiler Chow. 
Our congratulations to Bobby Dale Parsons 
for his skill in raising fine broilers. We extend 
our best wishes for his success as a leading 
poultrvman of tomorrow. 

A broiler unit (below) on Purina Research Farm 

Bobby Dole Parsons has been raised on a farm 
where 48,000 broilers and 10,000 turkeys are 
grown each year. 

You can depend on Purina Chows in the 

Checkerboard Hag. Purina Chows are the re- 
sult ot years ol teeding experience and research 
at the 738-acre Purina Research Farm. Gray 
Summit, Missouri, and at Purina's modern 
laboratories. Purina scientists work constantly 
to improve rations to help you produce more 
meat, milk and eggs at low cost. 
Ask tor Purina Chows at vour Purina Dealer's 
... at the Store with the Checkerboard Sign. 

The Future of Forming Depends on Todoy's Youth 


Meet Your 


By Erwin A. Bauer 


OT LONG AGO. a young man 
arrived in a strange farm community. 
Fresh from a rigid training course given 
him by his employers, the State Con- 
servation Department, he was well 
prepared to be the new county game 
warden. Just the same, Fred Shore 
had two strikes against him. 

For twenty years new game wardens 
had been hired every time a new gov- 
ernor was elected. Some became slight- 
ly interested in the work. Others had 
been game law policemen, nothing more. 
So, handicapped by predecessors he 
never knew, Fred wasn't exactly re- 
ceived with open arms. 

But times have changed. Fred didn't 
waste time feeling sorry for himself. 
He heard of an influential landowner in 
the midst of an unlucky streak. His 
son had been drafted and a hired man 
had broken a leg. Having been raised 
on a farm and knowing the work. Fred 
hurried to the farmer and volunteered 
to help. For almost a week he worked 
without pay. The story rapidly made 
the rounds, and by the week's end Fred 
was solidly established. Soon the coun- 
ty's first conservation program was 

Times have changed indeed. A new 
kind of game warden has emerged in 
most states. He is often a college 

graduate, sometimes in agriculture. 
Nowadays, he deals with problems of 
soil, forestry and land management, for 
wildlife depends on these. In law 
enforcement, it means preventing vio- 
lations more than apprehending viola- 

In many American communities the 
game warden is now an important and 
respected man with numerous other 
interests. One Indiana warden solidified 
his position by substituting without pay 
for the local veterinarian during a 
prolonged illness. A vet school grad- 
uate himself, he had given up the 
career for a greater chance to be out- 
doors. Now he has no trouble selling 

Better equipped than ever. A two-way 
radio gives contact with main office. 

conservation programs to farmers whose 
swine he innoculated or show Holsteins 
he attended in rare spare moments! 

I spent a warm summer morning 
with a Wisconsin game warden, once. 
who was assigned to his job after a ses- 
sion in Korea. He was somewhat dis- 
couraged. People had been unfriendly 
in some sections and game wardens 
were considered an unnecessary evil. 
On his schedule that day was a notice 
to contact a landowner who had been 
particularly bitter against the Conserva- 
tion Department. We arrived to find 
the farmer in an ugly mood, sweating 
over a disabled tractor. 

Luck was with my friend this time. 
Repairing this tractor was a simple mat- 
ter, after his two years as a tank 
mechanic on frozen hillsides and in 
mucky Korean rice paddies. We drove 
away that morning with much of the 
resentment against his position broken. 

One Ohio warden also conducts a 
farm radio program. Another prepares 
a weekly newspaper column, while still 
another is vitally concerned with youth 
groups such as the FFA. Field man 
Laurel Van Camp was named "con- 
servation man of the year" by farmers 
and outdoor fans in his county in Ohio. 
His untiring efforts to prevent unlaw- 
ful trespassing by hunters from nearby 


cities created the finest relations pos- 
sible between sportsmen and landowners 
in his county. 

Several factors have helped to develop 
this modern game warden. Outdoor 
work naturally appeals to healthy, 
wholesome young men. The technical 
requirements nowadays demand an in- 
telligent individual as well. In addi- 
tion, farmers and sportsmen together 
have applied pressure to raise the job 
from a political appointment to ( ivil 
Service status. I his has helped 10 in- 
terest top-notch lads who would ordi- 
narily Us other fields. 

T o d a y's g a m e w a r d e n is better 
equipped than ever before. In man) 
slates he has a two-was radio which 
permits him to reach an) coiner of a 
county immediately. He's trained to 
meet people and to gel along with them. 
Often he is a special isl in some related 
held, such as wildlife photography, 
soils, ecology, or firearms salei\. Ncar- 
Iv all ha\e a devotion lo their own 
communities that development commis- 
sions and service clubs might well utilize. 

The new game warden is bringing 
about a change. Several years ago, a 
Michigan man placed a mounted deer 
on a brush) knoll near a road. I he 
first car ol hunters to pass ground to 
a screeching halt; occupants rolled from 
the car and opened tire. When several 
voiles s didn't drop the deer, the) caught 
on and departed in a blue ha/e of 
profanity. Before the deer was com- 
pletely shredded. 15 carloads followed 
suit. Onl) three passed up the shots 
to check first at the farm house nearby 
and obtain permission to hunt, which 
was the law in that state as in most. 

This past season the ruse was tried 
again. But not one shot was fired. 
Fact is. the steady stream of sportsmen 
to the farmer's door was such a head- 
ache that the gag was discontinued, and 

There was a reason for the change. 
lor five years that counts had been 
exposed to .tn especially aggressive, 
young game svarden. He'd pounded 
the hack roads preaching conservation 
and sportsmanship at every turn. Vio- 
lators ssere arrested and vigorously 

Admittedly, progress is sloss in some 
regions. Some conservation jobs are 
still subject to the dictates of political 
parties, sshile elsewhere loss salaries do 
not attract inspired young men ssho see 
a future in conservation. Still, the 
smaller number of arrests each sear 
shosss a change is taking place. It's 
evident in the better behavior of sports- 
men and in the increasing civ ic re- 
sponsibility taken on by the soung war- 

Yes, your ncss game ssarden is a pret- 
ty sssell gus. Better get acquainted 
*ith him! 





,^%. 9k |[ ® *^yF h 

One Phvgon-usrr :: reports a tomato yield increase of from 107 t< i 38-1 
bushels per acre over a 3-year period. That's just n sample of what sou 
can expect when sou include this remarkably inexpensive fungicide in a 
spray schedule. Result: many more market dollars with higher yields of 
higher grade tomatoes. 

Phygon -XL gives outstanding i ontrol of late blight and gray mold 
(botrytis). It is simple to apply, mixes cfTe< tively s\ ith die most common! v 
used Fungicides and insecticides and does not a fleet odor or flavor of fruit. 

Order Phygon-XL from your local supplier today. Write, wire 
or phone us if unable to locate immediate source of supply. 

SEE Naugatuck Chemical Division. United States Rubber Company, at .vork 
on NBC's "Color Spread" TV spectacular, Sunday. March 25. 7:30 PM. EST. 

United States Rubber 

Naugatuck Chemical Division 

Naugatuck, Connecticut 

producers of seed protectants, fungicides, miticides. insecticides, growth retard- 
ants, herbicides: Spergon, Phygon. Aramite. Synklor. MH. Alanap, Duraset. 

Success ^ c 
began with 


Left to right, Elmer Carlson, Future 
Farmer Don Merk, and Audubon Advisor 
Jim Hamilton discuss steers on feed. 

By Jim Hamilton 

their project corn to livestock — 
hut Elmer G. Carlson turned his 
into a million dollar business. And he 
credits the key of his success in that 
business to the start he got in voca- 
tional agriculture and the Future 
Farmers of America. 

Carlson began his vocational agricul- 
ture studies at Audubon High School in 
1926. His first project was sheep and 
he did well with them. He became an 
expert sheep shearer and later sheared 
for many neighbors. However, it was 
corn that interested the young farmer. 
His first project of five acres yielded 
290 bushels. 

With the aid of his vo-ag instructor, 
Dr. R. H. Palmer, Carlson started an 
open pollinated seed corn business. 
Later he became interested in cross- 
pollinating and inbreeding and made 
numerous studies. He continued his 
work with corn and today operates the 
Carlson Hybrid Corn Company in six 
states and does over a million dollars 
worth of business a year. 

When asked about his original in- 
vestment, Carlson said he started on 
borrowed money and was able to ex- 
pand through satisfied customers and 
a trusting banker. He said his father's 
credit reputation enabled him to borrow 
money for expansion in the 30's. 

A charter member of the Audubon 
FFA Chapter, Carlson has continued 
his interest in Future Farmers by pro- 

Carlson is still interested in FFA and 
provides contest for high corn yields. 

viding a contest for FFA boys. He 
promotes improved corn production by 
giving awards each year for outstanding 
yields. He sponsors many field days 
and recreational days for FFA chapters 
and other youth on his farm near Exira, 
Iowa. He built and stocked a 17-acre 
lake "just for the kids." 

Carlson won the National Corn Husk- 
ing Championship in 1935. He set a 
new world record which stood until 
1941, the last year of hand husking 
contests. He was sent to Europe in 
1952 by the Mutual Security Agency 
to teach corn husking methods to the 
Italians, French, and Hollanders. They 
now have adopted the hook method. 

Using progressive up-to-date farming 
methods, Carlson was the first multiple 
farm operator in Iowa to get all of 
his farms in SCS plan. He introduced 
anhydrous ammonia to Iowa, and now 
owns interest in 25 plants in the Western 
part of the state. He owns two weekly 
newspapers in Audubon and 2,300 
acres of Audubon County farms. 

Interested in civic affairs, Carlson is 
past president of the Audubon Chamber 
of Commerce and the Lions Club. He 
was a candidate for Congress from his 
district in 1954. 

Looking back, Carlson says the busi- 
ness training of the FFA has helped him 
considerably in his business. 


the mark of top quality 

Only one fence is branded so you know 
at a glance what it is. That's RED 
Brand. We're proud of the quality. 
Want you to be sure you're getting the 
best. Just look for the red top wire, 
the Galvannealed " red barbs and the 
bright red top on Red Top" steel posts. 

For Farmsteads 

Feed lots and farmsteads require more 
strength than other farm fences. Key- 
stone Non-Climbable is the answer. 
The 2" x 4" mesh holds anything. With 
10-foot post spacing and 11-gauge wire, 
you can have a bull-tight fence. Send 
coupon for details. 



Peoria 7, Illinois 


Steers fed in wire enclosed lots 

made 28% (aster gains with 20% less feed 

than steers in wood enclosed feed lots 

For hot weather feeding, steers do far 
better in wire fenced feed lots, research 
workers at the University of California 
have discovered. 

These studies were carried out to 
determine how to keep cattle more com- 
fortable during hot weather. 

The two feed lots, or corrals, as they 
are called in California, were identical 
except the shades and the fences. 

Each had a dirt floor. They were sur- 
rounded by an alfalfa field. In the win- 
enclosed lot, a hay-covered shade was 
used. In the wood enclosed lot, an alumi- 
num shade was used. Ninety square feet 
of shade per animal was provided. 

The test continued for 84 days. The 
same rations were fed. Water was sup- 
plied in circular concrete drinking water 
tanks. Seven Hereford steers with an 
average initial weight of 814 lbs. were 
assigned to each pen. 

A condensed summary of results 




Average temperature 
in pen 

85.7° F 

89.5° F 

Average wind velocity 
in pen 

2.43 mph 

1.11 mph 

Water consumption 
per 100 

1.17 gol. 

1.42 gal. 

Average gain 
per day 

Steers in the wire feed 

1.94 lb. 

ol required 20* 

1.51 lb. 

.less feed 


per 100 lb. gain than in the wood enclosed lot. 

The author's conclusion: "A substantial- 
ly cooler environment for cattle can be 
provided by proper feed lot construction, 
good shade, cool water and a reduction 
of radiant heat" (from wooden fence'. 
For more complete details about this 
test, and suggestions on how to build 
fences for feed lots and farmsteads, write 
Keystone Steel & Wire Company, 
Peoria 7, Illinois. 

% See '•Environment Comparisons and Cattle Gains in Wood and Wire 
Corrals" bv N. R. Ittner. T. E. Bond and C. F. Kelly, University 
of California in August, 1955 issue of Journal of Animal Science. 

Keystone Steel & Wire Company 
Dept. NFF-256 
Peoria 7, Illinois 

Please send me details on feed lot tests and suggestions on how to build fences. 

Town - 


Daring New 3-PIow Tractor ... 

Alive with Spectacular Advantages 


evenly spaced, overlapping 
gear speeds forward, all the 
way from 1.6 to 20 MPH..: 
plus three reverse speeds. 

• Powr-Torq Engines. ..gas, LPG, distillate, dicsel 

•fa Tripl-Range Transmission... 12 speeds forward 

Vr Safety-Lock Hydraulic System... duo-control 

ic Cam-and-Lever Steering... new short turning 

~k 3-Point Eagle Hitch. ..constant PTO 

-*- Tell-Easy Instrument Panel. ..eight indicators 

if Powr-Shift Rear Wheels.. .plus sliding hubs 

Bursting with features that put thrilling new meaning into 
performance and horsepower . . . the Case "300" brings to 
life your dream of the ideal in modern 3-plow tractors. For the 
first time in any tractor the "300" offers you an amazingly 
simple, easy-shifting Tripl-Range transmission that makes 
full use of engine power . . . plus a host of other new advantages 
. . . for job versatility never before achieved. See your Case 
dealer now about the new Case "300" . . . you'll agree it sets 
a new trend in tractors. Ask about the sensible Case Income 
Payment Plan. For colorful "300" catalog, write J. I. Case Co., 
Dept. B-916, Racine, Wis. 

The Sander Family Get the benefit of 




family! You'll have to go a long 
way to lincl a better record than that ol 
the Mike Sander family of Chappell. 
Nebraska. All eight ol the sons have 
been active in the 11 A at the high 
school from which thc> graduated. All 
have held a Chapter office, the having 
been president. 

But that's only the beginning. I ive 
ol the voting men received the State 
Farmer Degree, Jack being the first stu- 
dent in C happell High to receive it. 
Dick was awarded the American 1 aimer 
Degree, the only, Future Farmer from 
the Chappell ( haptcr to obtain it so far. 
Dick is also a former State FFA Presi- 
dent, while brother bill is a former State 
Treasurer. Dick. Dan. and Roy were 
National I 1 \ ( horus members two 
years, 1 he lather. Mike Sander, 
been awarded both the Chapter 
State Honorary Degree in FFA 
addition, live ol the boys have received 
the Dekalb Award as the most out- 
Standing student ot the year! Jack. 
Larry, Dick, and Rov have served their 
country in the armed forces. 

The Sander sons have also been active 
in the all airs ol church and community. 
They love to sing, and once organized a 
quartet, first in the FFA and later as a 
family quartet. All but one are mem- 
bers of a choir. Seven are members ol 
the same church and have, at one time 
or another, been president of the Young 
Peoples League. 

Six of the hovs are presently 
in diversified farming and one of them. 
Jack, is a graduate of Nebraska Agri- 
cultural College. Clayton is studving for 
the ministry and one o\ the others works 
for the Cheat Western Sugar Beet Com- 
pany. The Sander boys attained their 
outstanding record in the FFA under 
two Chapter advisors. Harlan Knoche 
and the present advisor, Duane Foote. 

Install PERFECT CIRCLE 2-in-l Chrome piston rings! 

You can expect more productive 
hours per engine — less "down 
time" for overhauls — when you 
install Perfect Circle 2-in-l 
Chrome piston rings in your farm 

Good reasons why: Top per- 
formance under continuous heavy 
load is assured because in Perfect 
Circle's 2-in-l Chrome set. both 
top rings and oil rings are plated 
with thick, wear-resisting solid 

chrome. This more than doubles 
the life of cylinders, pistons and 

Settle for nothing less than 
Perfect Circle 2-in-l Chrome 
piston rings for your car, truck or 
tractor. Be sure of full-powered 
farm power — with positive oil 
control. Perfect Circle Corpora- 
tion. Hagerstown. Indiana: The 
Perfect Circle Co., Ltd.. Toronto, 

In front row, left to right, are Larry, 
Jack, Joe, and Dick. In back row are 
brothers Roy, Clayton, Bill and Dan. 


2-in-l Chrome piston rings 



« ' . •' , * ' ■ Si';. 

i I , •','■ '■'[■ ■.,><":^;.- 

.« I . •' • ' W>i\ lm tit* 

Separate Banding 

of Seed and Fertilizer 

Gives better stands 
and higher yields 

Crop specialists agree that seed 
germinates and grows better when 
seed and fertilizer are placed in 
separate bands. This almost entire- 
ly eliminates the danger of "burn- 
ing" tender roots and plants, helping 
to assure full stands and maximum 
yields with less seed. 

With the introduction of the All- 
Crop drill, built by Allis-Chalmers, 
separate band placement of seed and 
fertilizer became practical for the 
first time. Twin-boot design makes 
the difference. Fertilizer is deposited 
through the front boot, while the 
seed is placed about one inch to the 
side of the fertilizer from the rear 
boot . . . out of danger, but close 
enough so that young seedlings can 
take full advantage of this extra 
plant food. 

Many features of the All-Crop 
drill are entirely new and different. 
Fully-mounted design gives it sur- 
prising capacity — up to 35 acres per 
day for the WD-45 model, and 20 
to 30 acres per day for the CA mod- 
el. The entire unit is hydraulically 

lifted and lowered, with most of the 
weight carried on the tractor's big 
low-pressure tires, which do not 
sink into loose soil, assuring utmost 
accuracy of seed and fertilizer place- 
ment at the desired depth. 

Grain, grass or legume seeds and 
fertilizer can be drilled at the same 
time, or separately, as desired. The 
non-clogging MICRO-FEED meters 
kernels individually, instead of in 
bunches. Force-Flo agitators in the 
fertilizer hopper break up lumpy 

These and other features have en- 
abled many owners to report better 
stands and higher yields with less 



All-Chop is an Allis-Chaln 


Compliments, FFA! 

Grapes were produced in the Lodi 
District of California — home of 98 per 
cent of all the fresh Tokays produced 
in the United States," the passenger 
read. He was enjoying a refreshing 
treat on his air trip from Stockton to 
New York. "They are presented for 
your enjoyment through the courtesy 
of United Air Lines with the compli- 
ments of Lodi Future Farmers of 
America," he saw on the card inside the 

The idea of having individual pack- 
ages of Tokays served aboard far-flying 
airliners was originally conceived by 
members of the Tokay Marketing 
Agreement, but it took the FFA to earn 
it out! The grapes were picked and 
packaged by the Lodi Union High 
School FFA Chapter, who grew them 
on their four-acre vineyard in Ham 

Junior horticulture classes, under the 
direction of vo-ag teacher Art Mellor, 
packaged 500 one-quarter pound bags 
of grapes. Enclosed in each was the 
courtesy card, with a brief history of 
the Tokays. "The plan was very ably 
and nicely carried out." according to 
C. N. McClanahan, TMA secretary- 
manager. "The Future Farmers and 
Arthur Mellor are to be thanked for 
doing such a swell job." 

Mellor passed on the credit to his 
Future Farmers. He said they organ- 
ized themselves in small groups and 
"did a marvelous job of selecting and 
packaging the grapes." McClanahan 
expresses his appreciation also to 
George Stuart, Stockton (California) 
manager of United Air Lines, for help- 
ing make the project possible. 

The cellophane bags and printed 
cards were provided by two local busi- 
ness men who wished to remain anony- 
mous. Nine boxes of grapes went 
aboard the transcontinental airline in 
this harvest project, bringing renewed 
international recognition to the Future 
Farmers of America. 

Cowboy Hall of Fame 

A NATIONAL Cowboy Hall oi I amc 
will someday be erected on a 
37-acre site near Oklahoma City. The 

Siso.duo site was dedicated last Kill in 
a pageant combining traditions ol past 
;irul present. The purpose of the H.dl 
will be to honor those men ol history 
who made the West, and also those who 
carry on iis traditions. 

National trustees of each of 17 states 
were on hand to watch the Hags ol their 
stales pass in review, A cavalcade ol 
over horses, the largest number 
to be assembled at a public gathering 
in almost a hundred years, .i^\di:^ to the 
colorful program. I he pretty Norse 
Stars m the picture below, from North- 
east Oklahoma A A: \l. joined in the 
dedication ceremonies. Will Rogers, 
Jr.. officiated as master of ceremonies, 
while television personalities enter- 

C hairman ol the national hoard ol 
trustees and originator ol the idea is 
C. A. Reynolds, who said, "in a real 
sense, this Cowboj Hall ol lame and 
its projected museum will he a national 
shrine." The one-million-dollar fund 
raising lor this memorial is in the hands 
of former Oklahoma governor Roy J. 
Turner, who received his Honorary 
American I armer Degree at the FFA 
Convention in 1948. Turner hopes that 
youths everywhere will \isit the build- 
ing alter its completion, and thai they 
will become members ol this non-profit 

Any boy or girl in America under IS 
mas become a member by sending SI 
to the National Cowboy Hall of Fame, 
200 Skir\in lower. Oklahoma City, 
Oklahoma. Members will receive but- 
tons and cards that will entitle them to 
free admission to the museum when it 
is completed. 

kites &&-&H .£*^ 




with new remote ram principle 
increases work capacity 

The pretty Norse Stars entertain at 
dedication ceremonies of the Hall of 
Fame site. The event attracted over 
1,000 horsemen from 41 riding clubs. 

Until recently a farm tractor at work 
was simply a combination of weight 
and power in motion — with pulling 
capacity largely dependent upon 
the amount of weight carried on the 
drive wheels. 

Today, the work capacity of Allis- 
Chalmers tractors is measured by 
a new concept . . . engineering in 

For example, the Allis-Chalmers 
WD-45 Tractor does not depend 
upon its own weight alone for ade- 
quate traction to utilize the full 
power of its dynamic engine. By 
means of the exclusive hydraulic 
Traction Booster, it automatically 
transfers to the drive wheels as much 
of the implement's weight as need- 
ed, to assure ground-gripping trac- 
tion and reduce power-wasting slip- 
page to a minimum. 

The Allis-Chalmers Traction 
Booster system of weight transfer- 
ence eliminates the need for costly, 
useless weight in the tractor. Imple- 
ment weight becomes working 
weight applied and removed as need- 

ed. The action is as automatic a~ 
that of an engine's governor. 

Now. Allis-Chalmers introduces a 
new remote ram principle of power 
application which operates in con- 
junction with the Traction Booster 
system, and increase's the WD 15 
Tractor's work capacity by 25 to 50 

So that owners may capitalize on 
this added work capacity to the ful- 
lest extent. Allis-Chalmers has also 
introduced a line of new big-capai - 
ity, wheel-transported Traction 
Booster implements of outstanding 
design and performance. 

You will instantly recognize the 
significance and value of this devel- 
opment when you see the 4,600- 
pound WD-45 handle its new 4-bot- 
tom plow . . . or watch it disc up 
to 60 acres a day with the new l_" - 
foot double-action disc harrow. 

Ask your Allis-Chalmers dealer 
for a demonstration. It's today's big 
news to power-wise, cost-conscious 



CORN . . . 

300 Bushels... 
What Next? 

by Wilson W. Carries 

GREAT-GRANDDAD would look 
on in utter dismay if he could 
see us making a crop of corn 
these days. He would be equally 
startled at some of the yields being har- 
vested. The growing of corn has 
changed just that much! Yields which 
were once thought impossible to make 
are bulging the sides of cribs nowadays. 

This might bring one to ask what has 
brought it about and where are we go- 
ing in corn production? Probably no 
one knows the answer to the latter. 
However, now that the 300 bushel-per- 
acre barrier has been broken, we are 
led to believe that there is practically 
no limit. 

As for the changes of recent years, 
many of them can be traced to the in- 
troduction of hybrid corn. Fact is, 
some folks say that if hybrid corn had 
never been developed there would be 
no surplus of corn on the market today. 

You might say hybrid corn is a lot 
like that calf you may be feeding for 
the fat calf show. He's got good breed- 
ing — that is, the capacity to develop in- 
to a winner — but unless he gets the 
right kind of feed and other treatment, 
he isn't going to develop to the extent 
of his ability. Hybrid corn is some- 
thing like that. It has increased the per- 
acre capacity of corn, but we must use 
the correct amount of fertilizer, good 
cultural practices, and other man-con- 
trolled influences to get maximum yield. 

What Is Hybrid Corn? 

Possibly the simplest way to give you 
a general idea of what hybrid corn is, 
is to compare it to the mule. A corn 
hybrid, in fact, has many things in com- 
mon with the mule! A mule is the first 
generation hybrid between the mare 
and the ass, and takes the better quali- 
ties of both parents. It does not repro- 
duce, but must be produced anew each 
generation. A corn hybrid is the first 
generation hybrid between two strains 
of corn. Its value is for seed in the pro- 
duction of a crop of commercial corn. 
This corn witT^row, but cannot be used 
for seed the following year without a 
loss, in yield. A corn hybrid, like the 
mnles, must be produced anew each 

icration. During that generation 
good hybrids produce larger yields of 

higher-quality corn than do the best 
open pollenated varieties, some say as 
much as 20 to 30 percent more. And 
finally, like mules, not all hybrids are 
good ones so be sure to get the one best 
adapted to your area. 

Increased Yields 

A good example of the big changes 
taking place in corn production in re- 
cent years is found in Mississippi. Back 
in 1946 the average yield for the state 
was 16.5 bushels per acre. That year 
the vocational agriculture workers de- 
cided to do something about it and or- 
ganized what they called a "100 Bushel 
Corn Production Program." Since then, 
yields which were once thought impos- 
sible in the state have been recorded 
with amazing regularity. The program's 
objective is to teach farmers and FFA 
members that higher yields of corn 
could be grown on an economical basis 
in the Magnolia State. 

The program got off to a good start. 
Two years later 512 students in vo-ag 
classes grew 100 bushels of corn per 
acre. The next year the number of 
students reaching the goal was increased 
to 1,137. During the program's peak 
year, 2,664 students achieved the "un- 

Also significant during the peak year 
was the 1.348 students who produced 
80 bushels or more per acre on three 
or more acres: and the 1,762 who pro- 
duced 60 bushels or better on the total 
acreage planted to corn — in a state 
whose average yield was 16.5 bushels 
just a few years before! 

According to A. P. Fatherree, state 
supervisor of agricultural education, 
teachers used the five-step method in 
teaching .students how to produce top 
yields v^kfi p^uc^rVar autntion given 
to thrmr steps: \yU planMadapted hy- 
brids; (21 adequate fertilization; (3) 
proper cultivation. The- fertilizer re- 
quirements to pfrbdijee tap bushels of 
com along with shallow cultivation and 
early lay-by dkjle were emphasized. 
Fatherree says they have found that it 
takes about 140 pounds of nitrogen. 50 
pounds of phosphate, and 100 pounds 
of potash placed at least eight inches 
under the seed to make 100 bushels of 
corn per acre. 

Top yield in the program was made 
by Billy McCullough of Houlka school 
in Chickasaw County, who produced 
232.7 bushels per acre. He used an 
adapted hybrid and fertilized with 850 
pounds of 5-10-5 fertilizer per acre and 
244 pounds of anhydrous ammonia (82 
percent) placed 12 inches deep. When 
the corn was knee high, he side dressed 
with 400 pounds of ammonium nitrate 
(32 percent). 

When we look at the corn picture to- 
day, one thing stands out clearly. For 
top yields, and the most profit, modern 
methods must be used — not those of 
yesterday. And since hybrids have in- 
creased the per-acre capacity to pro- 
duce, a number of new methods can 
be used most effectively. 

Chemistry and Research 

Chemistry and information compiled 
by research both have a big place in 
today's efficient corn production. Be- 
ginning with the first step, the soil test, 
a farmer can find out what plant foods 
are deficient in his soils. Then with a 
look at the plant food requirements of 
corn, he will know just what fertilizers 
and in what amounts to use for a high 

Chemicals are also used for treat- 
ment of seed corn against such diseases 
as fungus rot, seed decay, wireworm, 
seedling blight, and seed-corn maggot 
injury. Some have reported that yields 
were increased 10 percent by such 
treatment. Most corn is being treated 
with lindane and arsan, to give double 
protection. Lindane is an insecticide 
and arsan is an organic fungicide. Other 
chemicals such as 2,4-D and TCA are 
used effectively to control weeds in 

Fertilizers. Old and New 

A farmer has several fertilizers to 
choose from but one thing is fairly cer- 
tain. If you want greater yields of corn, 
use more nitrogen. Most kinds of fer- 
tilizer available are familiar to you but 
there are a few new ones.- However, 
the one for you to use depends upon 
materials available in your ^af^a^con- 
venience of application, and the price. 
Here are the mijst popular ones. Anhy- 
drous ammonia is a gas and £ointain> 
82 percent nitrogen, the most concept 
trated of all nitrogen, fertilisers. iFKis 
spread as a liquid under pressure, aniK 
for this reason needs special equipment. 
Its application bas beer\ mostly left up 
to the custom Operators because of the 
cost of equipment. This hiijifb 
advantage in many instances, since th' 
cost isn't too high aind it relipvtS^tbj; 
labor for other seasonal chores. 

Solution 32/ -or Uraft, is a liquid form 
of nitrogen which is applied with ordi- 
nary farm spray equipment. Since it 
will burn plant tissues,\ it must be ap- •-■ 
plied with care. It is one of the newer 


lorms of nitrogen on the market to- 

I he drj forms are the most familiar, 
and for that reason thej arc Mill the 
forms most used. I he best-known and 
the percentage ol nitrogen in each one 
;ire sodium nitrate with I <> percent 
cium cyanamide, 20 percent; ammonium 
sulfate, 21 percent; ammonium chloride 
26 percent; ammonium nitrate, J3 per- 
cent, and urea, one ol [he neuc 
the dry forms, with 16 percent. 

In considering your nitrogen needs. 
remember that the more concentrated 
forms mean less materials to handle, 
yet you get the same number ol pounds 
ol nitrogen. Complete fertilizers in li- 
quid form, also new, are making their 
appearance in some areas, \losi ol these 
give about the same results as the dr\ 
forms. As some farmers base put it. 
on] \ the bays and the backaches are 


ll takes about 5.(l(ii).()liil pounds of 
water to grow 100 bushels ol corn o\) 
.in acre. For a long time this was in the 
hands of nature, but now. with irriga- 
tion, it is becoming more and mine a 
man-eon trolled matter. 

loo often water is the governing fac- 
tor in the si/e ot corn yields. For ex- 
ample, you can use the best hybrid for 
your area, use just the right amount ol 
fertilizer, and cultivate to perfection but 
il water isn't available, sour yield will 
be disappointing. 

I ake the ease of a Future Farmer 
in Alabama. During one ol the drouth 
sears, he ssas just getting his irriga- 
tion ssstem going hut did manage to 
get some water on a lew acres. He 
made 5o bushels per acre on those irri- 
gated, five on those ssiih no ssater! As 
he put it, "that wasn't such a high yield 
but irrigation meant the difference be- 
tsseen 50 bushels and almost no corn 
at all." 

Another case out in the midwest con- 
cerned a tanner who gasc his corn 
three irrigations at the right time. It 
produced close to 150 bushels per acre, 
as compared ssith 70 on the acres that 
received no irrigation. 


What about farm machinery? Here 
the cost is relatively fixed. The machin- 
ery cost of farming 100 bushels is about 
the same, regardless of whether the yield 
is 20 bushels or NO. But. as the sield 
is increased, the cash return from sour 
machinery becomes greater. It makes n 
possible to use more expensive equip- 
ment such as larger tractors, plosss. 
tivators, corn pickers, and the like. 

Just where we are going in coin pro- 
duction is anybody's guess. But an 
acre of land is just as big as the fellow 
who manages it. Now he can team 
ssilh hybrid varieties and science, and 
that acre becomes pretts big! 

interested in higher corn yields. 
Please send me without charge or obligation, 
your new full color sixteen page Corn Guide. 

□ I farm 

cres. Q I am a student. 


Pfister Associated growers, inc. 


( 7*% 



It's easy to take soil samples . . . but it is impor- 
tant they be carefully selected as truly representa- 
tive of the field being studied. The soil loses plant 
food to leaching rains and bumper crops and it 
must be replaced. A farmer must have a definite 
knowledge of the needs if he is to do his best job. 
A soil test measures changes in the fertility levels 
of soils, just as a thermometer measures changes 
in temperature. From the results of these tests 
and knowledge of specific crop requirements, sat- 
isfactory fertilizer recommendations can be made. 
Better try it! (Courtesy "Plant Food Review") 

Get information sheet and soil cartons 

><** AREAS, ^ 




Divide farm into fields for sampling Take composite sample from each area 


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Coal Cracker 

Joe Tezak, lanky forward of Norton 
University, dribbled the ball past center 
court, cut sharply behind the Case 
guard who was swarming all over him 
with upraised arms, and worked the 
ball in under the basket. He half 
twisted his long body (six-foot three) 

By Thomas L. Cavanaugh 

as he jumped, and pushed the ball onto 
the backboard. The timing and the 
spin were perfect. The ball swished 
through the cords. 

His lay up shot had brought Norton 
within four points of Case at 52-56 and 
there was now less than two minutes 

to go. Norton was playing a man to 
man defense, and Joe stuck to his man 
like glue. The ball was worked in 
toward the Norton basket. Joe reached 
up huge hands and spoiled a set shot 
for his opponent. The ball went out 
of bounds. 

"Get awake there," yelled Harrj 

Davis, taking the hall on the toss in. 
"Come on, Coal Cracker." 

Joe flushed under his tan. There 
it was again — that nickname he hated. 
Sometimes he felt that Davis taunted 
him with "Coal Cracker" just to point 
out tho difference between them. Davis 
was (he son of a rich industrialist, whose 
factories depended mainlv on soft coal. 
I he eoal was dug from the earth by 
men like Joe's dad. 

So what it he was the son ot a coal 
miner'.' Was it a crime? Apparently 
it was here at the select university of 
Norton. Joe had come to this conclu- 
sion some time ago. Ever since Davis 
had found out about his hackground 
and had made remarks about it. 

Joe bounded away from the man 
who was covering him and took the 
last pass from Davis. He sped down 
the court in ground-eating strides until 
he was within a few leet ot the basket, 
then he stopped short. The maneuver 
threw his man oil' guard lor a split 
second. It was enough for Joe. With 
a beautiful one-hand toss, he arched 
the ball through the basket to bring 
Norton within two points of tying the 

The crowd went crazy! Case hastily 
called lor time out. and the cheer 
leaders leaped in front ol the rooting 
sections. A thunderous din tilled the 
g> m. 

"Nice shot. Coal Cracker," Davis 
said casually, as the) sat on the floor 
awaiting the whistle. 

"Thanks," answered Joe dryly, wip- 
ing the sweat from his face with a 
towel. During these time out sessions 
and in the locker room talks he was 
ill at ease among his teammates. 

Somehow he had the feeling that 
he didn't belong in this group and was 
there only because of his exceptional 
skill at tossing an inflated ball through 
a small hoop. Davis, the team captain, 
was the one everyone looked to for 
guidance and lor giving oul with the 
smart answers, at which he was an 

Davis fitted in well with this group, 
which subconsciously seemed to be 
measured in terms of background and 
wealth rather than ability. "Let's catch 
'em, gang." Dav is coaxed. "How about 
it?" His eves swept around the group 
and settled on Joe. 

Sure, how about it? Joe grinned 
mirthlessly to himself. Already he had 
scored 27 of the team's points to Davis's 
four, but the blonde captain was casual- 
ty laving it on the line for them to 
salvage the game. If Davis would 
devote more time to playing the game 
and less to talking a good game, per- 
haps the score would read differently. 
Joe shrugged. Maybe that was the way 
things were supposed to work out. 

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Case, trying desperately to protect 
their slim margin, froze the ball in the 
last 30 seconds. The forwards romped 
back and forth, working the ball in 
and out toward the basket, but being 
very careful not to lose it. Joe lunged 
and intercepted a short pass. He tapped 
the ball toward Davis, who snapped it 
up and started down the court. The 
Case team was in hot pursuit as the 
crowd went wild. 

Davis was in the clear and pushed 
through a lay up shot that tied the 
score. The clock ticked the big hand 
ever closer to the little one. In seconds 
the board would light up that the game 
was over. 

In a last desperate gamble, the Case 
guard flipped the ball far upcourt to 
where a man was in the clear — almost. 

Joe lunged in front of the receiver and 
backhanded the ball. It rolled loose 
for a moment, then he scooped it up 
and dashed down the floor. A hush 
fell over the gym as he stopped sud- 
denly, evaded an onrushing guard, and 
set himself for a two-handed shot from 
the outside. 

At the last possible second, he heard 
a shout, "Pass it. Coal Cracker!" Out 
of the corner of his eye he saw Davis 
cut in under the basket. On the way 
ceilingward with his set shot, he re- 
versed in midair and snapped the ball 
into the waiting hands of Davis, who 
sunk the peep shot for the tie-breaking 
score just as the gun sounded, ending 
the game. 

A thunderous roar greeted Davis as 
he stood under the basket, smilingly 

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acknowledging the cheers of the Norton 
rooters who swarmed around him, 
pounding him on the back. Davis ac- 
cepted the praise with ease, as if it were 
his due. 

Joe stood alone for a moment in 
center court as the crowd swirled past 
him to the hero, Harry Davis. Then, 
his face wearing a cynical smile, he 
crept down the steps to the dressing 
room. He flopped on a bench in the 
locker room and stretched his long 
legs. It had been a long, grinding 
game and he had played almost the 
entire contest. The coach had spelled 
him for a few minutes in the third 

Joe closed his eyes dreamily. Sylvia 
had been in the stands. Sylvia Ford, 
with the gleaming brown hair, provoca- 
tive lips, and soft eyes. Sylvia, who 
knew and didn't care that he was a 
coal cracker's son. 

His pleasant thoughts were inter- 
rupted by a rasping voice. He opened 
his tired eyes. Coach Harmon was glar- 
ing at him. "Why did you do it?" he 
asked hoarsely, running nervous fingers 
through his sparse gray hair. 

"Do what?" asked Joe, wide awake 

"Almost tossed the game away," 
snapped Harmon. "You had that set 
shot all but made, yet you took a 
chance and flipped the ball to Davis. 

"He was in a better position to 
shoot," Joe explained, flushing under 
the accusing glare of the coach. 

"And where do you think you were? 
At the other end of the court?" snarled 
Harmon. He shook his head. "One 
of these days . . ." he moaned. 

Joe smiled. "We won, didn't we?" 

"Sure, we won," agreed Harmon, 
mollified. Then he pointed his finger at 


Joe. "One of these days, young man," 
he warned, "'you're going to carry this 
thing too far. Teamwork is wonderful 
and not wanting to he a basket hawk 
is great, hut there are times to use com- 
mon sense. Alter this, when you're in 
a position to score, toss the ball in your- 

"1 was going to," began Joe, "but 
Davis called . . ." lie broke oil in 

Harmon nodded. "Yeah, I heard 
him. Glory grabber. All he thinks 
of. . . ." It was the couch's turn to 
break oil. He quickl) switched. -Never 
mind what happened today. Luckily 
we won. but mark what km Idling you. 
In the future give a little more con- 
sideration to Joe le/ak and the team." 
He smiled as be placed an arm about 
Joe's broad shoulders, "You played a 
sensational game. Joe." he said grate- 
fully. " I hanks." 

Joe blushed. "I ... I did m\ best." 

"Keep on doing your best," 1 1. union 

said quietly. "We're sure going to need 

it in our big game with Stanton next 


In a lew minutes the rest ol the team 
trooped in. yelling anil slapping each 
other on the back as the) crowed over 
their victory. An uncomfortable silence 
fell over the group at sight o! Joe. bent 
over unlacing bis shoes. 

Joe was used to ibis reaction. He 
gathered up bis gear and, with a curt 
nod, went into the shower room. As 
he banged the door behind him, he 
heard the babble ot voices break loose 

A burl feeling was mixed m with 
the anger. He snapped on the needle- 
line shower and stepped under it. Why 
did they always clam up when he was 
around? On the court he lilted into 
the fast-breaking, high-scoring team 
like a wheel in a clock. Oil' the court, 
he was left Strictl) alone. 

Was it because his family was not 
listed m the social register? Or could 
there be another reason? Jealousy, 
perhaps? Joe grinned to himself. At 
times the coal cracker's son really 
showed up the playboys, like Davis. 

Joe, squirming uncomfortably in bis 
snug tuxedo, faced Sylvia in the living 
room of her home. The Fords lived 
in the better section oi the college town. 
Professor Ford had been at Norton for 
many years. Sylvia was his only child. 

Joe fought to control his \oice as he 
pleaded. "Give me one good reason 
why you aren't going to the dance 
w ith me." 

"Why should I.'" Sylvia said, her 
brown eyes flashing. "I simply said 
that I'm not going with you. I'm going 
with Harry Davis." 

"But we've always gone to these 



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dances together," Joe continued des- 
perately, "I sort of took it for grant- 
ed. . . ." 

"That's just the point," she inter- 
rupted, her voice low and throaty, "you 
take too much for granted. You crawl 
into your own moody little shell and 
expect everyone to cater to your whims. 
If you'd stop feeling sorry for yourself 
and try harder to be one of the gang, 
you'd be a lot happier. And you'd 
make others happier, too." she added, 
a trifle breathlessly. 

Joe stared at her. "Feeling sorry 
for myself?" he croaked. "What do 
you mean?" 

"You know perfectly well what I 
mean, Joe Tezak." she stormed. "Take 
last night's game, for instance. Who 
won the game for us? You did. But 
who got the credit? Harry Davis. Who 
slunk off the floor before the fans 
could get to him? Who played the 
heroic martyr? You did." 

"Can't you see what I'm getting at, 
Joe?" she pleaded. "There's more to 
the game than just tossing the ball 
through the basket. There is the ex- 
citement of playing a good game and 
winning. There is the idea of being 
a part of a team and part of a school. 
That's where you fall down. Joe. When 
the final whistle blows, you fade out. 
Your pride keeps you from joining in 

all the way." 

"Oh, does it?" Joe snapped. 

"Yes," she answered shortly. Then 
she smiled brightly. "A girl likes to 
feel that her . . er . . date belongs. 
That he'll be friendly to her friends," 
she explained, stepping close to him. 

"Okay." He fought to keep his 
voice calm. "Go to the dance with 
Davis — share in his limelight. I hope 
it makes you happy." He spun on his 
heel and strode toward the door. 
"Goodbye!" he flung over his shoulder. 

"Joe. wait. . . ." 

But Joe was already halfway down 
the steps. With head held high, he 
walked slowly toward the fraternity 
house where the orchestra was already 
tuning up for the dance. 

Joe's resentment mounted with each 
passing minute as he sat in a big 

leather chair watching the gay couples 
arrive. He was pointedly ignored, ex- 
cept for curt nods from a few acquaint- 
ances. He didn't mind this — he was 
used to it. He had long ago made up 
his mind that he'd be darned if he'd 
try to get in with these rich kids. 

At that minute he regretted for the 
thousandth time ever having accepted 
an athletic scholarship at Norton. He'd 
had a hunch he wouldn't fit in. Brother, 
had that hunch been right! 

Joe sighed. If it wasn't for Dad. 
he'd of chucked it long ago. He 
couldn't let him down. Dad was an 
independent, democratic sort of guy. 
He'd never be able to explain to him 
that he couldn't get along with his class- 

Joe sat bolt upright when he saw 
Sylvia come in with Harry Davis. She 
saw him at the same time and deliber- 
ately turned and looked up into her 
escort's eyes, who bent low and whis- 
pered something to her. Sylvia's gay 
laugh cut through Joe like a knife. 

Harry Davis strode over, his face 
alight with triumph. "Hi, Coal 
Cracker!" he called loudly. He nodded 
to the girl at his side. "See the prize I 
won for tossing the winning basket last 

"You get the best of everything else," 
Joe said shortly, his face hot. "You 







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might as well v. in lhat, too." 

Davis frowned. "What do you 

"Ask her!" snarled Joe, getting to 
his feet and sticking out his ehin. "She 

"Joe! Please!" cried the embarrassed 

"I don't like your insinuations, Joe 
Tezak!" Davis snapped. 

"And I don't like plenty Of things 
about you," retorted Joe. doubling up 
his lists. "So what are we going to 
do about it?" 

A small croud had formed around 
them. An older man detached himself 
from the group and walked between 
them. "I his is a social affair," he said 
quietly. "We expect our guests to act 
like gentlemen." He stared at Joe 
levelly. "I'm sorr\, hut I'll have to ask 
you to leave." 

"Me?" gasped Joe. "How about 
him'.'" pointing at Davis. 

I he man shook his head. "You 
started the argument." 

"()h. I gel it." sneered Joe. "He's 
Hans Davis. I'm Joe le/ak. Sorry 
1 mentioned it." He laughed mirth- 
lessly. "I can take a hint." Joe strode 
quickly out ol the fraternitj house. 

A lew minutes later he was in his 
room at the boarding house a tew 
blocks oil campus. He took a suitcase 
from the closet, threw it on the bed, 
and started to emptv the bureau draw- 
ers. Angrily he piled socks, shuts, and 
his extra suit into the bag. With each 
article he tossed his anger mounted. 

Then her words came back to him. 
•I heroic martyr. That's what she had 
called him. Joe smacked one fist into 
the palm of his other hand. He'd show 
her. He'd show .ill of them. Next 
week, in the Stanton game, he'd show 
everyone how much of a martyr he was. 

He'd stav in college until alter that 
game. Then he'd leave them with a 
memory they wouldn't quickly forget. 
Joe began to unpack his bag. 

Because of the two star forwards. 
Burns and Lockheed, in their line-up, 
Stanton was the tavorite for the big 
game. This game would have nation- 
wide interest because the outcome 
would decide the teams for the invita- 
tion tournament at the Garden. 

In the first quarter Burns and Lock- 
heed were sensational! Burns chalked 
up 12 points and Lockheed 10 to give 
their team a 22-14 bulge at the begin- 
ning of the second. Of the 14 points 
for Norton, Joe had racked up 9 of 

The teamwork had been ragged 
throughout the quarter. Joe had held 
himself in check to allow the glory 
boys to shine. In the rest period. Coach 
Harmon was bitter and sarcastic. 
"You're playing like a bunch of 


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chumps." he growled. "Do you have 
ramrods down your backs? You act 
like strangers. You're a team, you 
know. You're all playing for the same 
college. Remember that." 

Captain Davis shrugged as he wiped 
his face and tossed the towel to Joe. 
"Maybe if some people could swallow 
their pride," he said, "we'd all be better 

Joe bit back the answer that sprang 
to his lips. Fine talking coming from 
him. He threw the towel on the bench. 

The second quarter began like the 
first. The zip just wasn't there. Not 

once did anyone call Joe "Coal 
Cracker." Even in the closeness of the 
game his teammates somehow man- 
aged to ignore him. 

The Stanton team pulled steadily 
away from them. Burns and Lock- 
heed, working together perfectly, sank 
shots from every conceivable angle. The 
Norton guards wore themselves out try- 
ing to cover them. At the end of the 
half the score stood at 40-28. 

A stunned silence crept over the Nor- 
ton fans. Everyone knew Stanton was 
a powerhouse, but no one dreamed the 
game would be so one sided. A groan 



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escaped from the Norton side when 
the gun sounded ending the half, and 
the tired players trudged down to the 
locker room. 

Joe suppressed a slight smile of tri- 
umph as he followed his team out. He 
had deliberately played far below his 
normal game, just to show them. The 
results were apparent. Now where were 
the heroes? He wondered if the fans 
were asking the same question. 

In the locker room he sank onto a 
bench. Out of the corner of his eye 
he saw Davis watching him. The cap- 
tain looked puzzled. Joe chuckled to 
himself. He had given the big stiff 
something to think about. And the 
rest of them, too. Maybe now they'd 
miss him. 

He frowned as he saw Davis ap- 
proach him, a tight smile on his lips. 
"Tezak?" Davis said quietly. 

Joe lifted his eyes. "Yes?" 

Davis shifted his weight uncomfort- 
ably as he groped for words. "I don't 
know whether this is the time to bring 
this up." he began, "but 1 had a long 
talk with Sylvia. . . ." 

"I bet you did." Joe cut in dryly. 

Davis flushed. "Perhaps I was wrong 
about some things. Perhaps you were, 
too." Then he shrugged. "That's 
neither here nor there. But the point 
is," he continued, "are we going to let 
our personal differences lose this 

Joe almost laughed aloud. The 
glory grabber was worried. The game 
was getting out of hand and he couldn't 
salvage it. Again Davis turned to him 
for a victory so he could stay in the 

"You play your game," 
slowly. "I'll play mine." 

Davis opened his mouth 
then thought better of it. 
dark with anger, he turned and walked 
away. Joe followed with an amused 
glance. At least he had gotten a rise 
out of the big-time operator. Joe 
stretched full length on the bench and 
stared thoughtfully at the ceiling. He 
wondered how long it would take to 


Joe said 

:o retort. 
His face 

get used to swinging u pick in a dusty, 
dark coal pit? 

On the lap off beginning the third 
quarter, Joe gained possession oi the 
hall. He dribbled in under the basket 
and wcaved around the guard who stuck 
close b\ him. I he shot was perfect. 
The Norton cheering section perked up. 

Passing skilllulK and using his height 
lo good advantage, Joe was in on every 
play and literally commanded the back- 
board. He no longer was playing just 
lo win. As pari ol his plan he was 
playing to show them what Joe le/ak, 
the coal miner's son, could do. To 
-how these blucbloods thai the fellow 
they looked down then noses at was 
someone to lie reckoned with. Some- 
one thej would miss next year. 

Joe's mam reason lor playing bril- 
liantly was silting behind the cheer 
leaders. He had spoiled Sylvia the mo- 
ment he had stepped onto the court. 
In her school sweater with the big crim- 
son "N" on it, she had arrived with a 

crowd ol her classmates. 

Seeing the way the bailie was swing- 
ing, the Slanlon coach directed two 
men to cover him. Joe chuckled. I el 
the whole learn cover him. I his was 
his game. lime alter lime he broke 
through the strong defense and made 
Ins shols. His aim was unerring. And 
iO closeh was he guarded he was 
fouled repeatedly. 

The foul shots were eas\ lor him. He 
missed but one ol seven tries in the 
thud quarter. I he third ended with 
Stanton clinging to a 54-4S margin, 
loe had personally accounted tor lb 
points in this quarter alone. It was the 
most sensational exhibition that had 
ever been seen in the Norton gym, and 
the tans were deliriously happy. 

Joe sal m the huddle waiting tor 
some word of praise from his team- 
mates. None was forthcoming. Thej 
l. ilked casually to one another. The 
lew remarks directed toward him were 
excessively polite and guarded. I hey 
acted as it the) were afraid of hurting 
his feelings. 

Joe was very sober as he stared about 
him. Somehow his plan was not work- 
ing out. He was saving the game lor 
them but thej weren't even grateful. 
They accepted his superb playing as if 
it were expected. His duly. The duty 
ol each of them to give his best lor 
dear old Norton. 

But what had dear old Norton ever 
given him'.' A thought struggled in his 
whirling mind. Could it be that Sylvia 
had been right when she said he spent 
too much time feeling sorrv for him- 

The referee's whistle shrilled, cutting 
the thought short. Joe leaped lo his 
feet and went over to cover his man. 
He took the ball on the tap off from 
Norton's lanky center and worked his 
way quicklv in under the Stanton bas- 

ket. I he two guards swarmed on him. jumbled. Had he ever really given any- 

Joe dribbled the ball, trying to feint one at Norton a chance to know him — 

them oul ol position lor a shot. except Sylvia? Hadn't he come to school 

A crimson-clad figure streaked in with a chip on his shoulder? 
under the basket. "Pass it, loe!'' Davis The nickname "Coal Cracker" had 
called. been given to him In Davis, but did 
loe hesitated a moment, then Hipped that implj an insult? Or was the in- 
ihe ball lo his teammate. Davis sunk suit imagined — by Joe himself.' \\<jlin,l 
the peep shot Willi case. set himsell apart from ihe Others — he- 
Davis brushed pasl him on the wa> cause he felt he didn't belong. Had he 

back into position. He smiled. "Nice done the wrong thing.' \ic\\ have to 

woik, Joe." ligure it oul before he messed up his 

loe nodded absentlj as he pondered life for good 

over the words. Davis sounded sin- During tune oul Joe looked at his 

cere — no doubt about that. But why? teammates as it he 'Acre seeing them 

Joe continued lo wonder as the game for the first time. His glance swepl to 

progressed. He tried to straighten his the scoreboard which showed the score 

thoughts, hut the\ became more at 64-60 wuh aboul three minutes to 

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go. Joe cleared his throat nervously. 

"Fellows," he began, "I think we can 
take these guys." He felt a hot flush 
in his face as the team eyed him in 
surprise. It was the first time in the 
many games they had played together 
that he had spoken up. 

"Don't see why not," answered the 
captain, casually. "That is if you keep 
sinking them like you have been . . . 
Coal Cracker," he added softly. 

Joe grinned. Somehow the hated 
words lost their sting. Maybe it was 
the tone of voice the center used. The 
note of respect. "Let's keep pouring 
it on, gang." he said earnestly. 

Davis stared at him for a long mo- 
ment. Joe returned the look. Then a 
slow grin swept into the captain's face. 
He nodded. "You lead the way, chum." 

Joe took the ball on the toss in and 
worked it swiftly under the basket. 
He worked the crisscross pass with 
Davis and the lanky center came into 
position directly under the basket and 
took the ball to net it. 

Burns, of Stanton, barely missed an- 
other try, and Joe took the rebound. 
From outside the circle he arched a 
beautiful long shot to bring the score 
to 68-64 with less than a minute re- 
maining. Stanton tried stalling tactics 
and ate up time as the Norton section 
went wild, screaming for their team to 
get the ball. Joe did get his hands 
on a short pass enough to deflect it. 
and Davis was on it like a shot. 

He passed to Joe, who worked the 
ball in under the basket, weaved around 
the guard who was covering him, and 
sank the shot. At that moment the 
guard fouled him. A hush fell over 
the gym as Joe lined up for his free 
shot. The ball sailed through the cords 
to bring the score to 68-67 and it was 
still Norton's ball from out of bounds 
with 10 seconds to go. Davis called 
for time out. 

"We'll have time for about one play." 
Davis said breathlessly. He glanced at 
Joe. "It's up to you. Coal Cracker." 

Joe shook his head unbelievingly. 
Was it possible the glory grabber was 
giving him this opportunity to score 
the winning marker? "You take it in," 
he said. 


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"What, and Hub it?" D.i\is shook 
his head. "You're the man. Joe." He 
held out his hand. "Okay?" 
Joe shook his hand. "Okay." 
A hush fell over the crowd as the 
teams lined up lor these crucial seconds. 
I he shrill of the referee's whistle cut 
through the silence like an A-bomb. 
The Norton guard tossed the ball to 
Davis, who faked a throw, then slipped 
the ball to Joe who was selling himsell 
lor a shol from the outside. A long 
shot — his specialty. 

But the alert Stanton guards were 
On Joe like a whirlwind. He delllv 
weaved around to clear the grasping 
hands that windmilled in front ol him. 
Oul ol the corner ol his eye he saw 
a crimson figure streak in under the 
basket. "lake it, Davis," he called, 
snapping the ball on the tloor in a 
twisting bounce. He had gauged his 
throw right. The ball bounced into the 
hands of the startled captain, who 
arched up with it and slipped it against 
the backboard. 

The ball rolled crazily for a moment 
around the hoop, then fell through it. 
The gun sounded a second later. A deaf- 
ening roar cut loose from the Norton 
rooters, who stormed down on the 
Moor to greet their heroes. 

Joe stood for a long moment in front 
of the basket. Then, instead ol walk- 
ing away as he usually did, he ran for- 
ward to meet Da\ is. who was coming 
toward him. hand outstretched. As (he 
two men met. the crowd swirled around 
them and lifted them on their shoulders. 

"Nice going, Coal Cracker." Davis 
said, winking al him. 

Joe gulped. "You didn't do so bad 
yourself, chum." 

"We're a cinch for the Garden now." 
Davis said gleefully. 

Joe nodded. Then he looked about 
him. He saw the slim figure in tne 
crimson "N" sweater struggling through 
the crowd toward him. Sylvia's face 
was alight with joy. She waved. 

fie waved hack and scrambled down 
from the shoulders on which he was 
perched. As he struggled through the 
crowd of friendly faces to meet her. 
the coal mines seemed far, far away. 


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-• - 

The Rrsf One Doesn't Have A Chance/ 

FT (®~~ 


"LIFT it! I thought you were sup- 
posed to roll it along." 

The wedding ceremony had just been 
concluded and the groom thrust his 
hand into his pocket and inquired, 
"What do I owe you. Reverend?" 

"We do not charge for the service," 
replied the minister, "but you can pay 
me according to the beauty of the 

"Okay," said the groom, and he 
handed the minister a quarter. The 
minister raised the bride's veil, and dug 
into his pocket. 

"Here's 15 cents change, young 

Vernon Garbe 
Montevideo. Minnesota 

"Girls are a dime a dozen," said the 
sophisticated 17-year-old at the corner 
drug store. 

"Gee." said a younger boy. "And to 
think I've been spending my money on 
jelly beans." 

Gene Cook 
Burton. Nebraska 

Young person on the telephone: 
"Are you the Game Warden?" 
Game Warden: "That's right." 
Young person: "Well, I'm glad I've 
finally found the right person at last. 
Would you please suggest some games 
suitable for our club?" 

Linda Moore 
Raisin City. California 

A Texas sheriff and his posse had 
just caught a bandit and were preparing 
to hang him. Suddenly a Chaplain spoke 
up. "Please, gentlemen, may I say a 
prayer for this man?" 

The sheriff exploded. "Are you trying 
to sneak this varmint into heaven when 
he ain't even fit to live in Texas?" 

Russell Barker 
Burnsville, West Virginia 

A lady was mailing one of the new 
revised Bibles to her son. "As there any- 
thing breakable in this package?" asked 
the postmaster. 

"Well," timidly replied the little old 

lady, "only the Ten Commandments." 

Robert Parsons 

Smitlulale. Mississippi 

The salesgirl was describing the new 
four-piece outfit a model was wearing: 
"If you remove the bodice you will have 
a playsuit. If you remove the skirt you 
will have a sunsuit. If you remove any- 
thing else you will have a lawsuit." 

Robert Grady 
Monona, Iowa 

Two small boys were walking home 
from school when they saw a boy from 
their class. Jack said, "There goes 
teacher's pet." 

"Yeh," Bill replied, "// he said two 
and two were four she'd say he was 

JoAnne Childens 
Booneville, Mississippi 

Lawyer: "You say you were about 
35 feet from the scene. Just how far 
can you see?" 

Farmer: "Well, when I wake up I see 
the sun and they tell me it's about 
ninety-three million miles away." 

Willie James 
Laris, South Carolina 

A hillbilly who had to spend a night 
in Little Rock saw an electric light for 
the first time in his life. Returned to 
his mountain shack, he told his wife, 
"Don't know how them city folks catch 
any sleep. There was a big light burn- 
ing in my room right through the 

"Why didn't you blow it out?" asked 
his wife. 

"Go! dang it, I couldn't." grumbled 
the hillbilly. "// was in a bottle." 

Marvin Peatrowsky 
West Point, Nebraska 

Joe: "She said she'd be faithful to the 

Bob: "That sounds good." 
Joe: "Yes, but Tin the quarterback!" 
Gaylon Shipe 
Lost City, West Virginia 


The National Future Farmer will pay $1 for each joke published on this page. Jokes should he submitted on 
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