Owned and Published by the Future Farmers ol America
Court 1 * I ri, . , / 'm Farm,
February-March, 1 956
meet MM's OUT-AHEAD tractors
40 HP CLASS
LP GAS AND TRACTOR
Go ahead! Look 'em over! You've got a right to be proud,
because these are the tractors you helped build!
Here's the question MM asked thousands of farmers, county
agents, agricultural experts, and farm machinery dealers . . .
"What should a new tractor give you to make farming pay better
today?" Then MM took the answers and turned them into one of
the biggest advances in power farming history: the completely
new Minneapolis-Moline out-ahead tractors ... the POWER-
Here are just a few of the many, many new MM advantages that
make the MM POWERlined series all new from the ground up.
For your own profit future, be sure you get all the facts, Now!
WRITE NOW FOR FACTS ON THE OUT-AHEAD MM 445!
... AT YOUR MM DEALERS SOON!
30 HP CLASS
5£>©v Matched to
MINNEAPOLIS 1, MINNESOTA
FREE ?f rt$tOftt AIR MEASURE GAUGE
Cuts Farm Tractor Tire Costs
Tractor tire tread depth (right) is instantly and
accurately measured by inserting the handle end
of the new Firestone tractor tire air measure
gauge between the tread traction bars. If tread
depth "A" is indicated (as shown here) the rim
of a properly inflated rear tractor tire will fit
snugly into the notch on the arm of the gauge
marked "A" (above) when the handle arm of the
gauge is placed on the ground and turned toward
the tire rim. If the rim is above the notch, an
overinflated condition exists. If the rim rests
below the "A," the tire is underinflated. Tractor
owners may obtain gauges Free at Firestone
Dealers and Stores.
The new exclusive Firestone air measure
gauge will eliminate 70% of premature tractor
tire failures that are known to result from
overinflation and underinflation of tires.
The new Firestone ah measure gauge is so
simple that even a child can use it correctly.
It will always indicate correct tractor tire infla-
tion to provide maximum traction, regardless
of the metal or fluid weights applied to tractor
wheels or the varying loads placed upon tires
when different implements are used.
Firestone air measure gauges are available
free of charge at Firestone Dealers and Stores.
Tell your Firestone Dealer or Store Manager
the size of the tires on your tractor and you
will be given a gauge for that specific size.
THE FIRESTONE TIRE & RUBBER COMPANY, AKRON, OHIO
Enjoy the Voice of Fii
ry Mondoy evening i
Copyrlcht 1933. The
y * Rubber Co.
Get a Better Grip on
Your Work with PRDTD
There's no substitute for the right
plier when you need it. Choose ex-
actly the ones you need from the huge
PROTO line - standards, midgets,
side cutters, end nippers, slip-joint
and special purpose pliers-all made
from fine steels. You'll get powerful
leverage, and comfortable, positive-
grip handles. Buy the ones you need
from your PROTO Dealer! Send IOC
for catalog of entire line to
PLOMB TOOL COMPANY
2267Q Santa Fe Ave.,
Los Angeles 54, Calif.
Try Comfortable PRDTD
/rr/$ffid/@£® Plier Grips
More hand comfort with replaceable, col-
orful vinyl plastic grips! Three sizes fit most
pliers. Many PROTO Pliers already equipped.
See your dealer today!
Eastern Factory, lamestown, N. Y. • Canadian Factory, London, Ont.
Owned and Published by the Future Farmers of America
Vol. 4, No. 2
ABOUT THE FFA
Life of a Star Farmer 16
Your National Officers 17
Turkeys Led the Way 22 The Sander Famil
Compliments, FFA 38
The FFA in College 21
Success Began with \ o Ag Work 34
THIS ISSUE'S SPECIAL
National FFA Convention
Recipe for a Fair 26 Cowboy Hall of Fame
If Farming Must Wait 30 Corn . . . 300 Bushels
Meet Y our Game Warden .... 32 Soil Sample
Photo Roundup 45
SPORTS AND FICTION
Coal Cracker 44
A Fellow Told Mc
6 Looking Ahead 14
8 The First One Doesn't Have a
ON OUR COVER
The young man on our cover has received the highest honor
possible in the FFA — that of Star Farmer of America. He is Joe
Moore, of Granville. Tennessee, who reached his goal in 1955 after
seven years of systematic planning and hard work. Fully established
in farming and a capable leader, all before he was of voting age, Joe
exemplifies members of the FFA who believe in the future of farming.
His farm consists of about 500 acres in the Cumberland foothills. He
owns 85 acres and rents the rest from his parents, paying as much as
$1,400 rent in '53 and again in '54. His livestock is valued at about
$16,000. Joe says, "1 hope and believe I can have a happy life for
myself and help make America a better place in which to live by
working on the soil God has given us." (See story on page 16.)
Box 29, Alexandria, Virginia
Editor, Lano Barron • Associate Editor, Wilson \V. Cames,
Editorial Assistant. Joanne R. Waterman • Art Editor, Jack
Beveridge • Business Manager, V. Stanley Allen • Circula-
tion Manager, Billy M. Howard • Advertising Manager. Bill
Prince • Regional Advertising Managers, Jimmy Dillon,
Jimmy Willis • Advertising Assistant, Barbara S. Ostertag
THE XAT1DXAL I-TTl'KE FARMER is published Quarterly by the Fut
America, Inc.. at 810 Rhode Island Avenue. N*. E.. Washington, D. C. Entered as second
class matter at the post office at Washington, D. C. Acceptance for mailing at speeia
rate of postage provided for in section 34.40(e).
Subscription price is -5c per year, five years for $1.00 in U. S. and possessions. Singl
s. and possessions,
to Editorial Office*
Wherever you farm •..
AC Spark Plugs
is sold . . .
are serviced ...
service garages and
There are AC Spark Plugs specially
designed for your car, truck, tractor
or stationary engine!
One hundred and twenty-five thousand outlets
throughout the country sell AC Hot Tip Spark Plugs.
There's one near you.
As a matter of fact, thousands of American farmers
are discovering there's an AC dealer just down the
road. Service stations. GM car dealers, most inde-
pendent service garages and farm implement
dealers carry AC Spark Plugs. Ask any one of
them for "Hot Tips" for vour car, truck, tractor
or stationary engine.
You'll he glad vou did because AC "Hot Tips"
hum awav carbon and oil deposits as fast as they
form. They keep costs down . . . keep plugs clean!
AC SPARK PLUG x ?' THE ELECTRONICS DIVISION OF GENERAL MOTORS
Twenty-five cash prizes totaling S2000
will be awarded young farmers, not over
21 years of age, for giving, in 75 words
or less, the best reasons why they plan to
use FEDERAL FERTILIZER on their
farms during 1956.
IT'S EASY TO COMPETE!
Anyone within the above age limit who
operates or helps to operate a farm
within our area of distribution is eligi-
ble to compete. So get from the nearest
Federal Fertilizer Dealer your Official
Contest Entry Blank which gives full de-
tails including names of impartial judges.
25 CASH PRIZES!
First Prize, $500
Second Prize, $250
Third Prize, $150
5 Prizes of $100 Each
7 Prizes of $50 Each
I 10 Prizes of $25 Each 1
START NOW! CONTEST
CLOSES MARCH 31, 1956
Plants and Offices at Louisville,
Henderson and Lexington, Ky.,
Butler and Kennard, Ind., Danville,
Peoria and Rockford, III., Columbus,
Ohio; Nashville, Humboldt and
A Fellow Told Me...
FFA Week February 18-25
This is a time set aside for all of us to
take time out from our varied activities and
let the people of our communities know
what's going on in the FFA. There are a
lot of ways available, and we might want to
see how many our chapters can use.
We could appear on radio, TV, civic
club and PTA programs, get news articles in
the local paper, hold parent-son banquets,
present school assembly programs, prepare
show-window exhibits . . . oh, yes . . . and
give gift subscriptions to The Notional
Posters, special seals, and the like are
good, too . . . and it may be we will get
some such items from our state and na-
tional offices which we can use. Let's let
folks know about the FFA . . . what do
Money Raising Ideas
If you are interested in money-raising
ideas for your chapter, don't overlook some
good ones in the ads in this issue — pages
48, 49, and 52.
He's your Boy!
With the expanding circulation, and
the increase to six issues, the problems of
getting the magazine to you have made it
necessary to employ a person to devote full
time to the matter. Billy Howard was
chosen to take over as Circulation Manager
Billy's a nice guy to get to know — in
case you didn't know him when he was
National FFA Vice President during 1951-
52. He served as FFA Exchange Student
to Great Britain for 1952 and the following
year won the $1,000 National Soil Con-
servation Public Speaking Award. The
magazine staff figured that a guy who could
do all these things would have enough "get
up and go" to see that we got our magazines
— even if he had to deliver them in person.
So let's write Billy if we miss a single copy!
Dairy Cattle Judging Contest
There are a lot of judges in the United
States — and I'm not referring to those deal-
ing with integration — but those who segre-
gated the good cows from the poor ones in
the magazine's dairy cattle judging contest.
(Maybe some of us did integrate the good
and the poor cows . . . but most did very
well. ) You can see for yourself by the
official placings. Further proof of our
training is borne out in the article The FFA
in College, page 24. (You'll want to read
that, for sure.)
Since we made such a good showing in
contests a couple of our advertisers are
offering some nice prizes in this issue. Fed-
eral Fertilizer is offering $2,000 in prizes —
page 6 — and Blatchford's is offering $ 1 .000
in prizes — page 52.
Let the home folks
know about the FFA.
B C A D
A D C B
C A D B
D B C A
B A D C
In 167 hours of FARMALL plowing
saved a slow-down or
vj w , j down -shift every W/i minutes!
• • •
Back . . . click . . . and go! Hitch or switch implements
seconds-fast with Fast-Hitch for all Farmalls. Here's
the two-plow, two-row Farmall 200 tractor with a
hydraulically-controlled Fast-Hitch disk harrow.
Ask your IH dealer to demonstrate exclu-
sive Torque Amplifier on McCormick and
International 300 and 400 series tractors.
Try Fast-Hitch, Hydra-Touch hydraulic
control and other Farmall Firsts. Use the
liberal IH Income Purchase Plan of Buying.
Internationol Harvester products pay for themselves in use — McCormick Farm
Equipment and Farmall Tractors . . Motor Trucks . . . Crawler Tractors and
Power Units ... Refrigerators and Freezers— General Office, Chicago 1, III.
Torque Amplifier to the rescue -565 times in lfi7
hours of farm plowing! That's the tally of clocks
and counters in a test conducted by an ag college.
By avoiding slow-downs or down-shifting, TA can
help step-up plowing as much as 10 to 15% daily!
When others balk . „ . you GO!
with orque mplifier for
McCormick Farmall DC and tractors
Feel that on-the-go power increase of up to 45%,
when you pull the Torque Amplifier lever! See how
you sail through tough spots when others stop and
shift down. Gain rounds, save fuel, with two speeds
in each gear — 10 forward and 2 reverse! Change
speed instantly to match power to the load ... or
stay in TA all day if needed.
TA teamed with completely independent pto ends
the need for auxiliary engines on balers, field har-
vesters and combines in most conditions. Keep pto
speed constant, as you slow tractor and increase
power with TA, to handle heaviest crops without
slugging. On all jobs. TA gives 3-plow Farmall
300 or 4-plow Farmall 400 bonus work capacity.
Send catalogs describing tractors checked below:
□ Formo.l 400 D Farmall 300 □ Formoll 200
(4-plow) |3.plow] (2-plow)
^ Farmoll 100 C Formoll Cub»
(1-2 plow) |l-p!o»l
Mv IH dealer is
Profits go up as costs go down
when you use International
Fertilizers. Here"s why:
• Expertly made from the finest raw
• Accurately formulated and properly
• Flow freely for fast, even distribu-
• Give your crops a strong start and
steady feeding to maturity.
• Deliver plenty of crop -producing
power to bring you the greatest re-
turn from every acre.
• Available in locally-recommended
regular or multiple strength grades.
See your Internationa! Ferti-
lizer Dealer now for prompt
delivery of the goods you need.
& CHEMICAL CORPORATION
South China, Maine
I take The National FUTURE
FARMER magazine. I am a student
of Erskine Academy and am taking the
vo-ag course. I read the magazine
every time it comes out. I wish it could
come out every month. 1 do like the
idea of six for '56. I am a member of
the Erskine Academy FFA Chapter.
I like to read the tractor advertisements
and the jokes. I also like the cattle
James H. Esancy
I wish to comment on the fine work
of the magazine publisher's selection
of articles for The National FUTURE
FARMER. Many of the articles are
very inspiring and show the great cour-
age and true spirit of the American
The National FUTURE FARMER
should be voted the best magazine for
American rural youth.
I am a member of the Manning FFA
Chapter. 1 am a senior and have been
an FFA member during this time. I
enjoy The National FUTURE FARM-
ER very much and 1 hope to enjoy the
six in '56.
I attended the National FFA Con-
vention at Kansas City this fall, and
this being my first visit there. I really
enjoyed it very much, especially the
awarding of the Star Farmer of Amer-
ica and the National Star Farmer. I
feel that the FFA has helped me greatly
in my everyday life.
I just received the fall issue of The
National FUTURE FARMER and 1
have been receiving it since the first
of the year.
I enjoy everything about it. I sit
down and read it and before I know it
I have read it from cover to cover, but
that is not all. 1 read it about three
times a week and get more enjoyment
out of it every time. Wish it had a lot
more in it. Sure am glad to know that
there will be six issues in '56. maybe
soon it will be a monthly magazine.
This is my junior year and w ished .
that I could have subscribed to the
magazine in my freshman year. I was
president of the Eustace Chapter in '54.
I think that The National FUTURE
FARMER is the biggest little magazine
in the U. S. Keep up the good work.
Em enclosing my Dairy Cattle Judg-
ing entry blank in with this letter. I
sure like to see them in the books. I
only hope you have more of them in
later on. I am also happy to see that
you're going to have six magazines in
'56. I would like to have you write
me if you can and tell me the placings
if you can.
Ed like to thank you very much for
putting these contests into the magazine.
Joe D. Pe.ua. Jr.
Fayetteville, North Carolina
Enclosed you will find payment for
67 subscriptions to the FUTURE
FARMER magazine. This makes Cen-
tral Chapter 100 percent in subscribing
to the magazine for this year. Our
Chapter has been 100 percent since
your first year and we all think that
you have a great magazine.
We will appreciate it even more with
six copies coming in. Keep up the
good work and Central FFA Chapter
will be pulling for you 100 percent in
all your efforts and we stand ready to
be of service any time if we can help
in any way.
IE. S. Boyd
I have taken The National FUTURE
FARMER for a year and a half and
find it very interesting. 1 liked "Star
Dairy Farmers" and liked the article by
Paul Miller, "I Worked on a Farm in
Sweden." I come from Vermont and
have lived there thirteen years. I would
like to know if you could write an
article on farm courses and farm boys'
life. I would appreciate it very much.
"Pick up and Go" Famil
, • ■ ■ ? a. - .
Over 70 quick-attached mounted implements... and 11 Ford Tractor models
Moldboard Plows Disc p| ows Subsoile
1, 2, and 3 bottoms »
Tandem Disc Harrows Bush and Bog Harrov
Rear Attached Mowers
Adjustable Rear Blades Reversible Scoop
TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT DIVISION • FORD MOTOR COMPANY • BIRMINGHAM, MICHIGAN
GETS MORE DONE. ..AT LOWER COST
DREAMS DO COME TRUE
Just look around you
. . . every d ay
• Each of us likes to dream, at least some-
times. And among our favorite dream subjects
is the future. It's good that we have these
moments of reverie, because it is from dreams
that progress comes.
But many times we fail to recognize that
a part of the future is here, all about us —
In the past, new lands stretched before us
toward an unlimited horizon; opportunity
appeared boundless for those who would make
their living from the soil; wealth and security
were within the grasp of everyone willing to
venture into these new lands.
Today, however, our land frontier is vir-
tually gone. But in its place is one of equally
exciting promise — agricultural technology.
Great discoveries in the laboratory . . . radically
improved machines and tools . . . highly im-
proved methods of farm production . . . en-
lightened agricultural leadership — all have
brought a burst of tremendous acceleration
to agricultural progress. So many of our
dreams have come true that much of our
future is literally here, now.
So let's continue to dream, but let's also
take time to look around, to discover, each
day, those dreams that have already come true.
I'll tils Valley, Oklahoma
I am a member of the I
Oklahoma I I A ( hapten
all ol the magazines that
ceived from cover to CO\
very interesting magazine,
out of the FFA I plan to kc
it. I am very glad that w
to get six issues for '56.
I read sour magazine and like it very
much. M\ ag teacher s.iid that I should
write to you and tell you that we like
the judging contests and wish you
would put one in on hogs and sheep.
It is \er\ good practice. I am a
sophomore in high school and a mem-
ber ol Kenyon Future Farmers.
Harlow II'. Mich!. Jr.
I am a member ol the Beulah Hub-
bard Chapter a\u\ have been lor the
past two \ears. I sincere!) enjoy The
National II II RE I \RMER maga-
zines. Since 1 am on the dairy judging
team I enjoyed this contest better than
the others. Just keep up the good work
and we will have better farmers in the
future. Buck Munn
\ assalboro, Maine
I am a member and \ ice president of
the Erskine Academy FFA Chapter in
South China, Maine. 1 have been
getting your magazine lor the past year
and enjo> it very much. I was pleased
to hear and read about it coming out
si\ times a year instead ot tour. I he
magazine is talked about b\ all Future
Farmer members at our school.
The National FUTURE FARMER
contains information which helps all
ho\s that are going to make farming
their career. Joe Suga, Jr.
South China, Maine
In regard to your storv in the Fall is-
sue of The National FUTURE FARM-
ER, about Doyle Conner, by Doris Cox.
titled "You Can Do It. loo." I belies e
we can ! I think you should have more
stories and iokes to make the magazine
more interesting. Robert Dowe
Just got my issue of The National
FUTURE FARMER and read it
through. It gets better and more inter-
esting every issue — sure hope you can
get it as a monthly magazine. I think
it's tops — keep up the good work.
Would you please send me each of the
America's agricultural future is indeed in capable
hands. The nation's farm youth by the hundreds of
thousands each day are actively demonstrating their
capacity to make the most of the tremendous
opportunities that are theirs . . . and at the
same time meet important responsibilities. Not only
are they preparing for the future, but many
of them are playing active roles in the present . . .
with impressive records of achievement.
A shining example is 1955 FFA Star Farmer Joe
Moore, of Tennessee. This outstanding young man,
working first as a vocational agriculture student
at Gainesboro, Tenn., high school, became a full-time
farmer when he graduated three years ago.
Since then, through careful and astute management,
he has built his livestock, equipment and land
into a sizeable farming investment. Today he
operates a farm of 525 acres — 85 his own
and 440 rented from his parents. His holdings
include more than 100 head of purebred and
commercial cattle, 88 sheep and nearly 100 head
of hogs. By clearing land, rebuilding worn-out
soil, reseeding pastures and many similar
projects, he has made his farm much more
valuable than it was before.
Joe Moore is symbolic of the finest in America's
farm youth ! Armour Fertilizer Works is proud
to salute this Star Farmer and the thousands
of other young men and women who make this
nation's agricultural future so bright!
ARMOUR FERTILIZER WORKS
Feed your Calves
this MODERN WAY!
A 2 quart PLASTIC Suckle
bottle and rubber calf nipple for
Absolutely unbreakable. Won't rust
or crack — will not dent — weighs
only 8 ounces — withstands boiling
water — acid — cold — tested at Car-
nation Farms — plus new design —
heavy duty — calf size nipple that
won't pull off, or clog — pre-punched
Here's the New Way to Feed Calves
No wasted ingTedientS, because no min-
eral or vital nutrients can settle out in
Polyethylene Suckle calf bottle is trans-
lucent and calibrated from 1 to 3 pts. for
Special added offer — with each order for
a plastic Suckle bottle and nipple, a cou-
pon worth 50 cents on the purchase of 25
lbs of S lckle — a nursing' feed for young-
animals — mail this coupon today. Feed
your calves the modern way.
Please send me
and rubber calf nipples.
.plastic 2 qt. Suckle bottles
Enclosed is my n check □ money order □ cash, in the amount of
(Send S1.00 for each bottle and nipple.)
Albers Milling Company
314 FAIRFAX BUILDING
KANSAS CITY. MISSOURI
Offer expires April 30, 1956
free booklets as listed under "Free for
the Asking;" would really appreciate it.
Fm collecting booklets on agriculture
and FFA work.
Moatsville, West Virginia
I am an FFA member of the Kassou
Chapter and I am in my second year as
a vo-ag student. I want to tell you that
I am very interested in your magazine
and enjoy it very much. I would like
an FFA Supply Catalog. Fhank you.
I enjoy The National FUTURE
FARMER very much, especially the
judging contests. I would appreciate
it very much if you would have a
poultry judging contest in your maga-
zine sometime this winter.
Here is my entry for the dairy judg-
ing contest. Please send any informa-
tion on dairy judging for practice. I
am very proud of our magazine. The
National FUTURE FARMER, and wish
you could publish it every month.
Please accept apologies for my little
daughter, Martha, who tucked away in
her toy box the letter my son, Donald,
wrote and expected I had mailed to
you, telling you how much he liked
and appreciated the Argus camera he
received as third prize in your contest
He is too embarrassed to explain,
but I feel you should know what hap-
pened and that he did feel very happy
over receiving the wonderful camera.
We all enjoy your excellent magazine.
Mrs. Richard E. Birkett
This is my first year of agriculture and
I received my first magazine of Future
Farming. I like it very much.
I am a Future Farmer of the Laredo
Chapter, and 1 would like to congratu-
late you on the valuable information
The National FUTURE FARMER
Congratulations for a nice job on the
publicity of The National FUTURE
FARMER. I am a member and Chap-
ter Farmer of the Smyer FFA Chapter.
In just a few months ,
we have saved nearly one hundred
dollars with our Dodge truck"
Says Raymond F. Peterson, Route 3, Bradford, III.
-* "Our Dodge pick-up does
double duty— as a truck and as a
family car. That's why my wife and
I take real pleasure in the easy way
it rides, and the roominess and com-
fort of the cab.
__^&> "Workwise. I use the pick-up
for jobs like carrying feed for our
cattle, hogs, and chickens, or going
to town for groceries and more feed.
We figure we have saved nearly a
hundred dollars in just a few months
with our Dodge truck — it costs so
much less to operate than any other
truck we ever owned."
-t^ Farmers in every part of the
country are discovering that a Dodge
truck gices them more — in power and
style, in economy and dependability
— but costs them less than most other
makes. Why not visit your Dodge
dealer, and see for yourself?
". . .Dodge does double duty
as a truck and family car."
WITH THE FORWARD LOOK
Cotton experts are still trying to find out what
happened. Seems that the experts were way off in
estimating the cotton crop — about a million bales
more than they predicted! Production has now
climbed to an average of about 430 pounds per acre!
Check this against the average yield per acre during
the ten years from 1944 to 1953 of about 275 pounds.
This means a sharp cutback in cotton support prices.
As of the first day of January, 1956, any hog
fed raw garbage at any time in its life cannot be
transported across state lines — except for slaughter
or special heat treatment. Nor can the products of
such hogs be moved interstate, unless specially heat
treated or to be heat treated. So remember, fellows,
some of that slop isn't fit for the hogs!
Zein fiber, developed from corn protein by
USDA scientists, is becoming commercially popular
as a blend with other fibers in the textile industry.
Already worth four or five million dollars a year, the
new fiber is a by-product of the starch industry. It
adds softness to wool, warmth to nylon, and will
TWO FOR ONE
Fertilizer-pesticide mixtures are now registered
and sold in 40 states and Puerto Rico. It is believed,
however, that they are sold in almost all states, since
some do not require registration of custom mixes.
While the two-in-one mixture represents less than 1
per cent of the fertilizer mixtures sold in the United
States, the use increased 71 per cent last year. South
Carolina, where the mixes were pioneered, continues
to be the leading state in tons used annually.
What with population expected to be about 210
million by 1975, and the yearly increase in timber
product uses climbing faster than timber can be
grown, farm woodlots offer more opportunity each
year to the smart farmer. Farmers own about half
of the nation's commercial timber land — about 50
per cent of this is in holdings of less than 30 acres
of forest or timber land. These areas, if properly
managed, can supply millions of feet of lumber and
timber products in the years ahead — and put mil-
lions of dollars in the pockets of the farmers smart
enough to cash in on the future.
When you want . , ;
says DEL MYERS of Urbana, Illinois
"My wife and I find hunting the greatest
sport of all. Whether we're down in
Mexico on the trail of treacherous
jaguar . . . deer hunting in Colorado . . .
or out after woodchucks near home, we
use Peters 'High Velocity* ammunition
for its knockout punch.
"Peters let me start off last year's
deer season with a real thrill. I got a fin
yards using a Peters 300 Magnum."
Thanks, Del. That's what veteran shooters, hunters
and guides everywhere are saying about Peters "High
Velocity." Remember . . . whether it's pests or varmints
or big game you're after . . . there's no more powerful
ammunition in the world than Peters "High Velocity."
PETERS CARTRIDGE DIVISION, BRIDGEPORT 2, CONN.
"High Velocity" is a trademark of Peters Cartridge Division, Remington
buck at 450
From woodchucks to deer — Peters new "High Velocity" 244
Remington caliber varmint cartridge combines exceptional speed
with a 75 grain pointed soft point bullet. Ballistics tests prove its
terrific striking energy at long ranges. This new Peters "High
Velocity" cartridge is also available with a 90 groin pointed soft
such as deer and antelope.
MAKING WOOD SERVE AMERICA BETTER THROUGH GOOD FOREST MANAGEMENT
GEO. S. LONG (1853-19301. one of rh^ firs! I ■ ■
production. A; Wcyi . ■
crop on company lands. He also helped form cooperative as:
key hi future forests. ..the tree-growing power of the land
Douglas fir tree farms are clear-cut in Earl} in the present century, Geo. S. Long and other forestn leaders in
staggered patches. Seeds [rum trees left America realized that the nation's future wood supply depended upon
near-by soon reforest the harvested lands keeping forest land productive. Mr. Long, particularly, sensed the
...assuring a wood supply for the future. greatest assets of the forest industrj as being the soil itself and the
reproductive power o I trees. Summarizing this concept, he said, ". . . we
hope to so shape harvesting operations that the) «ill bring about thai
ideal balance between forest reproduction and utilization which will make
our industry as nearl) perpetual .1- possible.
I In- vision and faith in both the future and stabilit) of the nation's
industrial forests \>\ men such .1- Geo. S. Long led to the modern timber
and land managemenl practices forming the basis l<>r toda\ - nation-wide
tree farm movement. I he movement began with the dedication ol America -
In- 1 tree farm b) Weyerhaeuser Pimber Compan) in June, 1941. Poday.
all company forestlands. .1- well as those of 7.3 10 other pri\ ate owners.
are operated as tree farms 1 total of about '•' million acres dedicated
to growing timber .1- .1 crop. " rite us at Bo.\ < . Tacoma. II ashinglnn fui
our free booklet. Tree Farming in the Pacific \oi r thicest.
Weyerhaeuser Timber Comnam
Life of a Star Farmer
Bv John Farrar
JOE MOORE of Granville, Tennes-
see, was surprised when he was
named Star Farmer of America
at the 1955 National FFA Convention.
He was even more surprised at the
events that followed.
Immediately he was met by a whirl-
wind of photographers and reporters.
Among them was his old friend, John
McDonald of radio station WSM,
Nashville, who was holding a direct
line open to his station so the folks at
home would be the first to hear a radio
interview of the new Star Farmer of
That some folks had been given ad-
vance information about the award be-
came apparent when his state Execu-
tive Secretary, Sam Sparkes, handed
him a copy of the Tennessee Future
Fnrnier magazine with Joe's picture in
full color on the cover. There was an-
other publication waiting for him — an
advance copy of the Weekly Star
Fnrnier. showing pictures and story
about the Star Farmers that would
reach farm homes in the Midwest with
the next day's mail.
Joe made several radio appearances
Wednesday morning for local stations,
and transcriptions for other farm editors
covering the Convention. Then, in the
afternoon he went with the National
FFA Chorus to participate in Eddie
Fisher's nationwide "Coke Time" TV
Eater that week he made transcrip-
tions to be used on the Saturday "Moni-
tor" network program, and another for
presentation on the National Farm and
Home Hour. Saturday morning Joe
joined the new National FFA President,
Dan Dunham, of Lakeview. Oregon, to
ride as featured personalities in lead
cars of the American Royal Parade.
And it was just the beginning!
Arriving home in Tennessee, Joe was
greeted with a parade and celebration
in his honor put on by the citizens of
his home state. He was showered with
congratulatory letters and telegrams.
Just a week after his award. Time mag-
azine appeared on the newsstands with
a painting of Joe on the cover, and a
four-page story about him inside.
The editors of Time invited him on
an expense-paid visit to their Chicago
headquarters where he made more radio
and TV appearances. While in Chi-
cago he received a call from national
FFA headquarters asking him to come
to Washington and join President Dan
Dunham in receiving a special citation
to be given by the United States Army
to the FFA.
During their stay in the Capitol, Joe
and Dan visited with Marion B. Fol-
som, Secretary of the Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare, and
appeared with Claude Mahoney on the
CBS Farm News radio program.
Back home again, and gradually get-
ting caught up with the work on his
500-acre farm, Joe was called to travel
again! This time it was to New Vork,
where Arthur Godfrey featured him on
his "Godfrey and his Friends" national
Life clianged overnight for these Star
Farmers. Sharing top honors with
Joe Moore are Regional Star Farmers
Lynn Loosli from Ashton, Idaho,
with Richard Arnold of Plainwell,
Michigan, and Ross Smith, Jr., from
Joe is at his farm now, perhaps won-
dering a little about this fabulous Star
Farmer Award that, overnight, makes
a fellow famous. He'll do more trav-
elling, going with the national FFA of-
ficers in February on their annual Good
Will Tour. Perhaps there will be other
Although his expenses are paid on
these trips, time away from the farm
costs money. But Joe never ducks an
"What I am I owe to the FFA," he
said. "Anything that I can do to help
the FFA I will do."
With FFA President Dan Dunham and
Maj. Sen. John H. Stokes, Joe occupies
the reviewing stand at the Army cere-
monies honoring the Future Farmers.
Joe went with the National FFA Chorus
to appear in Eddie Fisher's nationwide
television show. That's Eddie on the
left sporting an official FFA jacket.
Here are your national officers for
1955-56 — the fellows you have
chosen to represent von and the I I A
throughout the year. They will truly
be good-will ambassadors for agri-
culture as they meet with men in busi-
ness, industry and government on the
annual Good Will Tour and other of-
ficial duties in behalf of the If A.
YOUR NATIONAL OFFICERS
DAN DUNHAM . . . national presi-
dent from Lakeview, Oregon . . .
youngest (14) officer . . . received
American Farmer Degree, 1455 . . .
winner of state public speaking contest
last year . . . past Oregon state presi-
dent . . . member of 1452 and '54 win-
ing parliamentary procedure team . . .
has one-third interest in 875-acre
ranch consisting o\ 150 head of beef
cattle, 2()() acres wheal. 185 acres bar-
ley, 50 acres oats, 60 acres alfalfa hay
and pasture . . . studied at Oregon State
College hut now runs the ranch.
DALE RING . . . 20 . . . vice president.
Central Region . . . li\es on 142-acre
dairy and poultry farm near Wooster,
Ohio . . . enrolled in Ohio State Univer-
sity studying agricultural education . . .
keeps about 500 laying hens. 20 head
of Holsteins . . . crops include 35 acres
of corn. 40 acres of hay, 25 acres of
wheat . . . owns some farm machinery
. . . past Ohio FFA president, delegate
to National Convention . . . held other
offices . . . elected outstanding Senior
boy in high school . . . president of
county HoKtein Club.
TERRELL BENTON, Jr. . . . 20 . . .
national student secretary . . . from
Jefferson, Georgia . . . shares 200-acre
farm with parents . . . rents 30 acres
himself . . . has program o\ 33 acres
of cotton. 15 acres of corn. 34 acres
small grains and feed crops; four feeder
steers, three head of dairy cattle, two
purebred Hampshire gilts . . . offices
include state FFA president, president
o\ Junior and Senior class in high
school . . . editor of yearbook, busi-
ness manager o\ school newspaper . . .
Sunday school superintendent.
I ^ NN LOOSL1 . . . Pacific Region vice
president . . . 20 . . . from Rocky Moun-
tain section oi eastern Idaho . . . Star
Farmer of Pacific Region. 1455 . . .
studying ag education at Utah State
College . . . irrigates all 160 acres of
home farm because of low rainfall in
that section . . . projects include 35
registered Hereford cows, some calves
and two herd bulls . . . rents 25 acres
from lather for potatoes . . . owns 40
acres used for pasture . . . owns own
equipment . . . has held offices in
Chapter and State FFA.
LENNIE GAM u.l . . . Southern Re-
gion vice president . . . 2o years old
. . . hails from Cartersville, Virginia
. . . studying ag education at Virginia
Polytech . . . has one-third interest in
640-acre home farm that boasts 120
head of Shorthorn beef cattle. 38 acres
corn. 30 acres small grain. 66 acres hay,
20 acres Iespedeza . . . helps (arm the
remaining acres of limber and crop
land . . . was Chapter president and
president of Virginia Association . . .
disirict winner oi public speaking con-
ALLEN COLEBANK . . . Morgan-
town, West Virginia . . . North Atlantic
Region \ ice president ... 20 years old
. . . Star Slate Farmer. 1454 . . . part-
ner with father on 350-acre farm . . .
has 80 head o<i Herefords, 500 laying
hens. 50 acres ol hay, ten of grain and
2oo turkeys . . . now enrolled in ag
education at West Virginia University.
where he is president of the collegiate
FFA and plays football . . . has held
various offices in state and local FFA.
including st. ue president.
Let's look .if Our iMioual
W JBjt ,SJL vm
•*'. ,1 '" ' •
Blue jaekets took over in Kansas
City when 10.500 Future Farmers
moved in ami national attention
turned to their manv activities.
Liberato Viduya, at right,
first Hawaiian ever to
win in public speaking.
"Foundation Night" saw
top awards presented in
four national contests.
The nominating committee
is always a hard-working
group at the Conventions.
SINCE THE NATIONAL CONVENTION is grow-
ing every year, we were prompted to ask just what
influence it is having on members of the FFA. For
our answer, we went to the fellows who had just
reached the top rung on the ladder— the American
Farmers of 1955.
Of the group answering our query, over half said
their attendance at a previous Convention had in-
spired them to work for the higher degree. About 35
percent had attended only the Convention at which
All eyes are on stage as
American Farmer Degree
ceremony gets underway.
they were awarded the American Farmer Degree, so
naturally it had not caused them to work harder for
honors in the FFA. Of the rest, many said they
acquired the desire to become an American Farmer
when they first enrolled in vo-ag and became an FFA
member; some credited their vo-ag teacher, parents,
In most all cases, however, the National Conven-
tion got a big vote of approval from the American
Farmers, so good that some of the quotations are
printed here so you ean see how we see ourselves,
through the eyes of members.
"I can sincerely say I've never learned so much
and enjoyed myself any other time as I did during
those four days of the National Convention." Al-
bert Bernhardt, Wiggins, Colo.
"The inspiration which I have gotten from the
National Convention has helped me to become an
American Farmer." Robert E. Haumgart, Mt. Car-
"It was at the Convention that I first became aware
Ol what a great organization the IT A is." Jim Davis.
Ipswich, S. Dak.
"I think the thing that impressed me most was the
way a large group of bo\s and men can work together
so smoothly. You can really see the benefits ol trwng
to go somewhere and make something out ol \ourselt
when one attends the Convention." H. Preston Rich-
ardson, Jr., Sugar Grove, Va.
"The Convention is very educational to the FFA
member as well as the general public." Jack Good,
Eddie Fisher entertained
Future Farmers and sang
with National FFA Chorus.
The Grillots from Kansas.
Both father and son hold
American Farmer Degrees.
Scene from the colorful
pageant on the theme of
"Patriotism and the FFA."
Among the visitors were
these Exchange Students
attending from Britain.
President Bill Gunter is
shown presenting honorary
American Farmer Degrees.
A two-hour show was provided by Firestone Tire and Rubber Co.
Future Farmers mingle with
OUR NATIONS LEADERS
Donors to FFA Founda-
tion were platform guests
at the Wednesday session.
A good one is passed between U.S.
Sen. Darby, Gunter, and Wright
At right, Mayor Bartle of Kansas
City had Future Farmers chuckling.
Left, Mr. Woolsy of Chrysler talks
with Future Farmers at reception.
Right, Pres. A. Z. Baker, Rotary
International, a featured speaker.
At Sears luncheon, E. J. Condon,
Bill Gunter, and Harold Stassen.
Right, FFA President Bill Gunter
and Mr. Newsom of the Grange.
"My greatest surprise was the size of our FFA
organization." Douglas Moore. Marked Tree, Ark.
"It creates more interest in agriculture through the
speeches, business sessions, and fellowship with fellow
members throughout the nation." Clarence Frazier;
Union City, Ind.
"When I attended the National Convention, I saw
boys who were tops and I wanted to get there myself.
I had been working toward the ( American Farmer)
Degree and now I was determined to work even
harder." DeWayne Hodges. Sevierville, Tenn.
"The way the national officers carried out the
meetings was very impressive." Gale Horn. Broken
"Although this was my first trip to a National Con-
vention. 1 think that had I attended before, I would
have worked harder to have a better farming pro-
gram." Billy Shiley. Musselman, W. Va.
"I appreciate the banquets the different companies
and organizations had for us." Ralph Weirich, Bara-
"I have always been impressed at our National
IJ I Hrti'ltiHiltiM'
.... honor them with a plaque
for a job well-done, reception for
TA Foundation Donors, and
Honorary Degrees lo one group.
Secretary of Agriculture
Benson's speech went over
nationwide radio network.
President Gunter, right,
passes the gavel to Dan
Dunham, president, 1956.
Mr. A. F. Davis, Chairman
of Foundation Sponsoring
Committee, gets a plaque.
Shown are Reuben Smith,
Allis Chalmers, and Bob
Norrish, Armour, with FFA
members at the reception.
At Tuesday's meeting the
Farmer Degree was con-
ferred on several leaders.
Fond memories are carried home
as Convention becomes history.
Convention by the interest that businessmen of our
country show in the FFA." A former Minnesota
'The Star Farmer ceremony is one of the main
things every boy in FFA should see. even il only by
movies." Franklin Stehno. Billings. Okla.
"The Conventions are very educational." Rexford
Price. Mt. Olive, N. C.
"I think that every FFA member should strive to
attend the National Convention some time durinc his
FFA active membership." John Watkins. Fayette-
"The ceremony in which the Star Farmers are
nominated and elected. I think, is the most inspiring
session of any National Convention. Anyone who
can sit in the meeting hall unimpressed certainh is
not a member of the Future Farmers' organization."
Gerald YV. TruesdelJ, Westville. S. C.
And on and on the quotations go. We onlv regret
that space would not let us print more of them. — Ed.
# fir '4 * * * T * ^M" f? *f
TURKEYS led the way
CHUCK ZIMMERMAN put him-
self in big business. He did it
in just five years with turkeys
leading the way. Now, with over 9,000
turkeys a year and other farm projects,
he has come a long way toward his
goal — established in farming on his own
This 20-year-old Future Farmer re-
ceived his American Farmer Degree last
year and was Star Farmer of Minnesota
in 1952. Just a few years before, he
had nothing but a burning ambition to
be a farmer, and $450 of borrowed
Chuck started his farming program
with 300 broilers and one gilt on the
family farm, about six miles out of
Northrield, Minnesota. "But it wasn't
hard to get him interested in turkeys,"'
says Ruben Hovland, his vocational agri-
culture teacher, who also raises turkeys.
In 1950. Chuck started with 450
birds. He raised this to 1,200 Bronze
in 1951, and almost twice that many
in 1952, plus 2,500 Beltsville Whites.
By the time he graduated from high
school in 1952. Chuck had netted al-
most $5,000 from his three-year proj-
ects. Now he raises 9,500 turkeys, be-
sides purebred Duroc hogs from eight
sows, and 20 acres of corn.
There is no competition with the
farming program of his dad. Herb Zim-
merman, who keeps a dairy herd and
engages in grain and corn farming on
his 280 acres. Chuck says, "I built my
farm program with full ownership of
each enterprise. I use dad's tractor and
machinery in return for work I do on
the farm. My father also gives me an
indefinite amount of corn in return for
Chuck credits his family with a lot
of assistance, especially sisters Annie
and Katie, who helped with the brood-
ing when other farm work took his
extra time. Chuck's mother kept watch
over the poults while he was in school.
Advisor Hovland says that a remark-
able thing about Chuck's enterprise is
that he has made all his turkey equip-
ment himself. It includes such things
Chuck is shown looking over his turkey
operations with Advisor Ruben Hov-
land. His private plane is shown at left,
a Cessna 140, bought with farm profits.
as a brooder house, sun porches, rain
shelters, self-feeders, and waterers.
When the daylight hours did not give
Chuck ample time he set up portable
yard lights and worked at night. His
tools, which include an electric power
saw. are stowed neatly in a cabinet-on-
w heels that he built.
Chuck finances his operation with
the State Bank of Northrield at regular
farm rates. He is a stockholder of
Faribo Turkeys, Inc.. a cooperative
processing plant. He is also a stock-
holder of the Dennison Cooperative
Elevator and the Northrield Farmers'
Cooperative Elevator, where he buys
all his feed.
Throughout high school, Chuck was
active in the state and local FFA. He
served as treasurer of the Northrield
Chapter, and also as secretary. At the
1952 Minnesota Convention he was
elected state treasurer, and later that
year, Star Farmer of Minnesota. His
Duroc hogs have won prizes at Rice
Countv and Minnesota State Fairs in the
Chuck's ambition to have his own
farm will have to wait for awhile. In
December he was inducted into military
service. "My most pleasant thought,"
says Chuck, "is that in two years I can
once anain «et back to the farm."
American Nitrate of Soda
A-N-L" Nitrogen Fertilizer
12-12-12 Granular Fertilizer
Urea 45 Fertilizer
Sulphate of Ammonia
TO MAKE ITS BLOOD
It takes nitrogen to make , the
essential green matter in plants, which closely
resemhles in its chemical structure the hemoglobin
that makes human blood red. Since chlorophyll is
the vital essence of plant life, scientists delving into
the secrets of plant growth call it "green blood."
Chlorophyll traps sunlight to make plants thrive.
The dark green color of growing crops, well supplied
with nitrogen, and the higher yields they produce-
show the importance of nitrogen to life in plants.
To keep an acre of corn growing green and strong
to the point of yielding 100 bushels takes about 150
pounds of nitrogen. Rich new soils can hardly sup-
ply this amount of nitrogen fast enough. Most soils
that have been cropped for years need to have nitro-
gen added as fertilizer. Nowadays it's easier and
more economical to add more and more fertilizer
nitrogen for the high yields that bring profits.
Today for example, you can get ARCADIAN
UREA 45, the dry nitrogen fertilizer that provides
900 pounds of actual nitrogen in every ton you
handle. Other labor-savers are Nitrogen Solutions
that end all lifting and lugging of bags, since pumps
and machinery do the work. And you can get com-
plete fertilizers that contain more nitrogen than
Nitrogen Division, maker of ARCADIAN products,
and long-time major supplier of nitrogen to the
fertilizer industry, is continuing to improve its
facilities for supplying nitrogen in new-low-cost,
easy-handling liquid and solid forms. Whether
you aim for crop records or strict cash pay-off,
you'll profit by using plenty of nitrogen.
NITROGEN DIVISION Allied Chemical & Dye Corporation
• Ironton. Ohio • Omaha 7, Neb. • Columbia, Mo.
• Hopewell, Va. • Columbia 1, S. C. • Atlanta 3, 6a.
ch. ■ San Francisco 3, Cat. • Los Angeles 5, Cal.
New York 6, N. Y.
Indianapolis 20, I nd.
The FFA in College
You don't have to be a former FFA member to be a topnoteh
judge in college but it does help as this group's record shows.
THE FFA should be proud to put its label on
the seven young men shown in the center of
the above photo. They are a select group of
former FFA members who are setting new records
in collegiate judging contests. Currently members
of the Oklahoma A & M team, they topped twenty
other college teams to win the American Royal
contests in Kansas City, Missouri.
All seven of the judges are former FFA members
and all are State Farmers. To top that, five of them
ranked first, second, fourth, fifth, and seventh in
individual ratings. And all five were former presi-
dents of their FFA Chapters!
To further prove the merit of FFA training, the
team's coach, Dr. Robert Totusek, is a former out
standing Oklahoma FFA member and an American
And the pretty girl? No, she isn't a former Future
Farmer! She is Aggie Princess Gene Lephew. Others
from the left, are team members Ned Purtle, of
Hope, Arkansas, an alternate, and Oklahomans
Harold Spies, of Mountain View, high individual;
Joe Christian, of Marshall, alternate; Eddie Fisher,
of Cushing, fifth individual; Glenn Cantrel, of Rush
Springs, seventh individual; Duane Zimmerman, of
Fairview, second individual; Vic Carey, of Guthrie,
fourth individual, and Dr. Totusek, coach.
And the Hereford steer isn't impressed at all!
Even in a hot, dry season—
3 1 CI fill -treated rows produced
7 3 more corn than untreated rows
Results gathered by Shell Chemical's
field research show, again and again,
that you can get greater yields of top-
quality corn by treating your soil with
aldrin. Like Mr. Franklin Rodgers.
thousands of growers throughout the
corn belt are controlling major soil
insects with powerful aldrin.
Aldrin wipes out root worm, wire-
worm, seed corn maggot, and other soil
pests for the entire season. And aldrin
is economical. Mere ounces of actual
aldrin per acre give an effective, fast kill.
Apply aldrin as spray or granules', or
apply it mixed with fertilizer. Which-
ever method of application you prefer,
aldrin gives you top-notch control.
Aldrin is available under well-known
brand names from insecticide dealers.
Your county agent can supply you with
further information on aldrin and
Here are the results that Mr.
Franklin Rodgers. Corso. Mo., got
when tie treated with aldrin: "I'll
lore shelled corn
ted with aldrin.
get about ! 4 to
from the field t
Aldrin-treated rows were mor
form, better filled and there
SHELL CHEMICAL CORPORATION
AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS DIVISION
460 Park Avenue. New York 22, New York
Recipe for a Fair
By Ralph J. Woodin
REMEMBER HOW MOTHER used to stir up a fruit cake? She
had a wonderful variety of ingredients. None were very ap-
pealing in themselves, but when they were all stirred together
and baked for what seemed an unreasonably long time, out of the
oven came a tempting fruit cake!
A recipe for a fair is something like the one for a fruit cake. It
takes a variety of fine ingredients to produce a good one. and a long
waiting period while plans materialize. But the results are very much
worth while. Everyone in the community looks forward to attending
a good fair.
The Ohio State Junior Fair, one of the oldest in the United States,
has found through the years that the following ingredients are useful
in coming up with a better fair each year. First, you start with some-
one who has a love for livestock and pride in showing. Next, stir in
heaping portions of interest and enthusiasm on the part of mom, dad.
and the rest of the family. After these have been well-mixed, blend
thoroughly the inspiration and energy of vo-ag teachers, county agents
and club leaders, to hold the mixture together.
In order to lighten the cake, fold in a heart) measure of the gen-
erosity of business and industrial leaders who provide trophies, rib-
bons and other awards. Finally, for frosting, top off the fair with a
pretty girl! The Future Farmer Oueen Contest at the Ohio State
Junior Fair has long been the frosting on the cake as far as those boys
Try this recipe for your own fair. Select the ingredients wisely,
measure and mix them judiciously, bake in an atmosphere of warm
interest, and the results will be a fair to tempt your community's
Then you add to this the interest of mothers.
And don't forget a portion of help from Dad
Then leaven with trophies, ribbons, and awards.
FINEST IN FARM MACHINERY"
The Super 55 diesel. Only Oliver offers diesel in this 2-3 plow utility tractor size
$1 for fuel, 9 2
That's just how it works out when
you go to an Oliver diesel. Where
you used to put, say, three dollars'
worth of fuel in the tank, now it
takes but one — you keep the other
How can this be? Well, in the first
place, you burn only six gallons of
diesel fuel to ten of gasoline. Then,
of course, your diesel fuel costs much
less. These two factors — fewer gal-
lons, lower price — knock as much as
two-thirds off your fuel bills.
Such savings are yours no matter
what size Oliver you buy. Because
Oliver alone among farm equipment
makers offers you a dollar -saving
diesel in each of its six wheel tractor
sizes. Each of them — from the handy
Super 55 up through the mighty
Super 99GM— offers features thai
no other tractor can match.
Remember, too. these Olivers are
real diesels. Touch the starter but-
ton and you are ready for work. No
extra starting engine or special start-
ing fuel needed. Yes. there's a differ-
ence in diesels. and it's easy to see-
just see the Oliver dealer.
The Oliver Corporation
400 West Madison St.
Chicago 6, Illinois
Some turkeys like to eat inside, some outside. To make sure they
all get enough, Mr. and Mrs. James Rusk have put troughs on
the. welded steel sunporch outside brooder liouse. Flowing icater
is available to turkeys through lattice at the edge of sunporch floor.
Taking care of 3,500 turkeys in this Quonset brooder house is
easy. Automatic watering and feeding hold labor to a minimum.
Gas brooders are used and no extra heat is needed in the well-
insulated Quonset. Rusk plans to build two more Quonset
brooder Iiouses later this year.
Part of the siinporch is shaded and the turkeys come and
go at will through the open windows in side of Quonset.
At the foot of the Horse Heaven Hills,
in the shadow of snow-capped Mount
Adams, Mr. and Mrs. James Rusk have
combined dry lands and the fertile irri-
gated soils of the Yakima Valley of
Washington to develop a turkey oper-
ation based on thorough disease control
and increased labor efficiency.
The James Rusk farm at Mabton,
Wash., consists of 240 acres -100 acres
of dry land used for turkey range, and
the balance irrigated. The irrigated
lands are planted to mint for mint oil
production, alfalfa hay, corn for feed,
and wheat. The dry range acreage is
separated into 36 pens, 18 of which are
used each year.
To fully utilize his labor force, Jim
plants crops that will free men for the
turkey operations when extra help is
needed in t his major enterprise. A regular
force of two men care for the turkeys in
the brooder houses, and two other men
care for the birds on the range.
The farm has been planned for all
mechanization possible. For example,
range feed is bought in bulk, stored in
the large granary in bulk, and fed from
a bulk feeder truck by auger spouts
into the range feeders.
The old-style brooder houses have out-
door feeders, used as soon as the birds
are big enough to find the feed on the
sunporcb.es. This operation was greatly
improved last year when a new Quonset
brooder house was built and 3,500 birds
at a time were reared in the new Quonset.
With automatic feeders and fountains
in the new Quonset, the 3,500 birds are
cared for in one-half man-hours daily.
The old system of small individual
brooder houses for 1,000 birds took
one man-hour per 1,000 birds.
This improvement alone saved over
$1,500 a year in labor plus the advan-
tages of the longer life of the building
and lower repair costs.
Jim Rusk also reports that the even
temperature inside the Quonset brooder
house has paid big dividends over the
"hot and cold" old-style buildings used
previously. Cleaning time is reduced and
Jim said. "I like the looks of thai sub-
stantial building after seeing those old
shacks for so long."
There's a Quonset for Every Job on your Farmstead
Air^H /frfr ' . ■«■
xJ3fcV Ecor.e, Detroit 29, Michigan • A unit of
Miymtiti i Arrn ymim
At the foot of the Horse Heaven Hills, where Indian
ponies used to run free in belly-deep grass, is
Jim Rusk's farm. Grain storage is located in the
rear, machinery storage and ■' left.
If Farming Must Wait . . .
New career opportunities lie in the field of feed technology,
with the help of industry representatives who paved the way.
DOORS OF A NEW CAREER are
opening in the field of feed technology.
Kansas State College's School of Agri-
culture is offering a full four-year course
in this subject, and it is the only one of
its kind in the world. The program is
A complicated electronic control board
regulates formulation of feed batches.
By Tom Wright
being carried out by the school's De-
partment of Flour and Feed Milling
industries, supported by the pledges of
feed industry representatives who have
provided funds for a new building.
A forward step in this educational
project was completed last November,
when the above half-million dollar feed
technology building and pilot plant were
dedicated at Manhatten, Kansas. The
building houses 145 pieces of equipment
and machinery, donated by suppliers and
manufacturers throughout the nation.
The important result is that the build-
ing and plant can duplicate almost any
commercial operation. It will give stu-
dents training in all phases of feed
manufacturing. There is a shortage of
trained personnel in this expanding in-
dustry, according to executives of the
American Feed Manufacturers' Asso-
The college course is expected to sup-
ply an annual reservoir of 200 trained
men. FFA members, particularly, should
be suited for the curriculum because of
their broad agricultural background.
The four-year course is flexible, enabling
students to learn related subjects essen-
tial in the study of feed technology, as
well as liberal arts courses. There are
three courses from which to choose:
administration, mechanical operation, or
nutrition. Graduates have a Bachelor of
Science degree in Feed Technology.
The course was actually first offered in
the fall of 1951 and currently has about
40 students enrolled.
Future Farmers will be interested to
know that there are six scholarships
available to undergraduates. Funds to-
taling $1,600 are awarded at the rate of
$200 a semester. It is expected that
more scholarships will become available
through the feed industry's funds set
aside for this purpose.
And so another career is ahead for
you — in the expanding field of feed
Batty Vak Vmm 0^
POULTRYMAN J M *- .
Bobhv Dale Parsons is an old hand — at 15 —
with broilers and turkeys. All his life he has
worked with them under the guidance of his
father. Dale Parsons, Route 5, Springdale,
Arkansas. And he plans to continue working
with feathered meat-makers when he starts
farming on his own.
He already has the know-how. Just last
summer he raised a house of -i,000
Purina-fed Red Vantress broilers and
pocketed a substantial profit for future
schooling. His birds sold at an average of
3.06 pounds when thev were nine weeks
and one day old. He had a livabilitv of
better than 9 7 %, which reflects his good
sanitation, management and feeding
practices. He averaged 41.56 pounds of meat
per 100 pounds of Purina Broiler Chow.
Our congratulations to Bobby Dale Parsons
for his skill in raising fine broilers. We extend
our best wishes for his success as a leading
poultrvman of tomorrow.
A broiler unit (below) on Purina Research Farm
Bobby Dole Parsons has been raised on a farm
where 48,000 broilers and 10,000 turkeys are
grown each year.
You can depend on Purina Chows in the
Checkerboard Hag. Purina Chows are the re-
sult ot years ol teeding experience and research
at the 738-acre Purina Research Farm. Gray
Summit, Missouri, and at Purina's modern
laboratories. Purina scientists work constantly
to improve rations to help you produce more
meat, milk and eggs at low cost.
Ask tor Purina Chows at vour Purina Dealer's
... at the Store with the Checkerboard Sign.
The Future of Forming Depends on Todoy's Youth
RALSTON PURINA COMPANY
By Erwin A. Bauer
OT LONG AGO. a young man
arrived in a strange farm community.
Fresh from a rigid training course given
him by his employers, the State Con-
servation Department, he was well
prepared to be the new county game
warden. Just the same, Fred Shore
had two strikes against him.
For twenty years new game wardens
had been hired every time a new gov-
ernor was elected. Some became slight-
ly interested in the work. Others had
been game law policemen, nothing more.
So, handicapped by predecessors he
never knew, Fred wasn't exactly re-
ceived with open arms.
But times have changed. Fred didn't
waste time feeling sorry for himself.
He heard of an influential landowner in
the midst of an unlucky streak. His
son had been drafted and a hired man
had broken a leg. Having been raised
on a farm and knowing the work. Fred
hurried to the farmer and volunteered
to help. For almost a week he worked
without pay. The story rapidly made
the rounds, and by the week's end Fred
was solidly established. Soon the coun-
ty's first conservation program was
Times have changed indeed. A new
kind of game warden has emerged in
most states. He is often a college
graduate, sometimes in agriculture.
Nowadays, he deals with problems of
soil, forestry and land management, for
wildlife depends on these. In law
enforcement, it means preventing vio-
lations more than apprehending viola-
In many American communities the
game warden is now an important and
respected man with numerous other
interests. One Indiana warden solidified
his position by substituting without pay
for the local veterinarian during a
prolonged illness. A vet school grad-
uate himself, he had given up the
career for a greater chance to be out-
doors. Now he has no trouble selling
Better equipped than ever. A two-way
radio gives contact with main office.
conservation programs to farmers whose
swine he innoculated or show Holsteins
he attended in rare spare moments!
I spent a warm summer morning
with a Wisconsin game warden, once.
who was assigned to his job after a ses-
sion in Korea. He was somewhat dis-
couraged. People had been unfriendly
in some sections and game wardens
were considered an unnecessary evil.
On his schedule that day was a notice
to contact a landowner who had been
particularly bitter against the Conserva-
tion Department. We arrived to find
the farmer in an ugly mood, sweating
over a disabled tractor.
Luck was with my friend this time.
Repairing this tractor was a simple mat-
ter, after his two years as a tank
mechanic on frozen hillsides and in
mucky Korean rice paddies. We drove
away that morning with much of the
resentment against his position broken.
One Ohio warden also conducts a
farm radio program. Another prepares
a weekly newspaper column, while still
another is vitally concerned with youth
groups such as the FFA. Field man
Laurel Van Camp was named "con-
servation man of the year" by farmers
and outdoor fans in his county in Ohio.
His untiring efforts to prevent unlaw-
ful trespassing by hunters from nearby
cities created the finest relations pos-
sible between sportsmen and landowners
in his county.
Several factors have helped to develop
this modern game warden. Outdoor
work naturally appeals to healthy,
wholesome young men. The technical
requirements nowadays demand an in-
telligent individual as well. In addi-
tion, farmers and sportsmen together
have applied pressure to raise the job
from a political appointment to ( ivil
Service status. I his has helped 10 in-
terest top-notch lads who would ordi-
narily Us other fields.
T o d a y's g a m e w a r d e n is better
equipped than ever before. In man)
slates he has a two-was radio which
permits him to reach an) coiner of a
county immediately. He's trained to
meet people and to gel along with them.
Often he is a special isl in some related
held, such as wildlife photography,
soils, ecology, or firearms salei\. Ncar-
Iv all ha\e a devotion lo their own
communities that development commis-
sions and service clubs might well utilize.
The new game warden is bringing
about a change. Several years ago, a
Michigan man placed a mounted deer
on a brush) knoll near a road. I he
first car ol hunters to pass ground to
a screeching halt; occupants rolled from
the car and opened tire. When several
voiles s didn't drop the deer, the) caught
on and departed in a blue ha/e of
profanity. Before the deer was com-
pletely shredded. 15 carloads followed
suit. Onl) three passed up the shots
to check first at the farm house nearby
and obtain permission to hunt, which
was the law in that state as in most.
This past season the ruse was tried
again. But not one shot was fired.
Fact is. the steady stream of sportsmen
to the farmer's door was such a head-
ache that the gag was discontinued, and
There was a reason for the change.
lor five years that counts had been
exposed to .tn especially aggressive,
young game svarden. He'd pounded
the hack roads preaching conservation
and sportsmanship at every turn. Vio-
lators ssere arrested and vigorously
Admittedly, progress is sloss in some
regions. Some conservation jobs are
still subject to the dictates of political
parties, sshile elsewhere loss salaries do
not attract inspired young men ssho see
a future in conservation. Still, the
smaller number of arrests each sear
shosss a change is taking place. It's
evident in the better behavior of sports-
men and in the increasing civ ic re-
sponsibility taken on by the soung war-
Yes, your ncss game ssarden is a pret-
ty sssell gus. Better get acquainted
NEWS FROM NAUGATUCK
,^%. 9k |[ ® *^yF h
One Phvgon-usrr :: reports a tomato yield increase of from 107 t< i 38-1
bushels per acre over a 3-year period. That's just n sample of what sou
can expect when sou include this remarkably inexpensive fungicide in a
spray schedule. Result: many more market dollars with higher yields of
higher grade tomatoes.
Phygon -XL gives outstanding i ontrol of late blight and gray mold
(botrytis). It is simple to apply, mixes cfTe< tively s\ ith die most common! v
used Fungicides and insecticides and does not a fleet odor or flavor of fruit.
Order Phygon-XL from your local supplier today. Write, wire
or phone us if unable to locate immediate source of supply.
SEE Naugatuck Chemical Division. United States Rubber Company, at .vork
on NBC's "Color Spread" TV spectacular, Sunday. March 25. 7:30 PM. EST.
United States Rubber
Naugatuck Chemical Division
producers of seed protectants, fungicides, miticides. insecticides, growth retard-
ants, herbicides: Spergon, Phygon. Aramite. Synklor. MH. Alanap, Duraset.
Success ^ c
VO AG WORK
Left to right, Elmer Carlson, Future
Farmer Don Merk, and Audubon Advisor
Jim Hamilton discuss steers on feed.
By Jim Hamilton
SOME FUTURE FARMERS feed
their project corn to livestock —
hut Elmer G. Carlson turned his
into a million dollar business. And he
credits the key of his success in that
business to the start he got in voca-
tional agriculture and the Future
Farmers of America.
Carlson began his vocational agricul-
ture studies at Audubon High School in
1926. His first project was sheep and
he did well with them. He became an
expert sheep shearer and later sheared
for many neighbors. However, it was
corn that interested the young farmer.
His first project of five acres yielded
With the aid of his vo-ag instructor,
Dr. R. H. Palmer, Carlson started an
open pollinated seed corn business.
Later he became interested in cross-
pollinating and inbreeding and made
numerous studies. He continued his
work with corn and today operates the
Carlson Hybrid Corn Company in six
states and does over a million dollars
worth of business a year.
When asked about his original in-
vestment, Carlson said he started on
borrowed money and was able to ex-
pand through satisfied customers and
a trusting banker. He said his father's
credit reputation enabled him to borrow
money for expansion in the 30's.
A charter member of the Audubon
FFA Chapter, Carlson has continued
his interest in Future Farmers by pro-
Carlson is still interested in FFA and
provides contest for high corn yields.
viding a contest for FFA boys. He
promotes improved corn production by
giving awards each year for outstanding
yields. He sponsors many field days
and recreational days for FFA chapters
and other youth on his farm near Exira,
Iowa. He built and stocked a 17-acre
lake "just for the kids."
Carlson won the National Corn Husk-
ing Championship in 1935. He set a
new world record which stood until
1941, the last year of hand husking
contests. He was sent to Europe in
1952 by the Mutual Security Agency
to teach corn husking methods to the
Italians, French, and Hollanders. They
now have adopted the hook method.
Using progressive up-to-date farming
methods, Carlson was the first multiple
farm operator in Iowa to get all of
his farms in SCS plan. He introduced
anhydrous ammonia to Iowa, and now
owns interest in 25 plants in the Western
part of the state. He owns two weekly
newspapers in Audubon and 2,300
acres of Audubon County farms.
Interested in civic affairs, Carlson is
past president of the Audubon Chamber
of Commerce and the Lions Club. He
was a candidate for Congress from his
district in 1954.
Looking back, Carlson says the busi-
ness training of the FFA has helped him
considerably in his business.
the mark of top quality
Only one fence is branded so you know
at a glance what it is. That's RED
Brand. We're proud of the quality.
Want you to be sure you're getting the
best. Just look for the red top wire,
the Galvannealed " red barbs and the
bright red top on Red Top" steel posts.
Feed lots and farmsteads require more
strength than other farm fences. Key-
stone Non-Climbable is the answer.
The 2" x 4" mesh holds anything. With
10-foot post spacing and 11-gauge wire,
you can have a bull-tight fence. Send
coupon for details.
& WIRE COMPANY
Peoria 7, Illinois
PRACTICAL LAND USE RESEARCH REPORTS
Steers fed in wire enclosed lots
made 28% (aster gains with 20% less feed
than steers in wood enclosed feed lots
For hot weather feeding, steers do far
better in wire fenced feed lots, research
workers at the University of California
These studies were carried out to
determine how to keep cattle more com-
fortable during hot weather.
The two feed lots, or corrals, as they
are called in California, were identical
except the shades and the fences.
Each had a dirt floor. They were sur-
rounded by an alfalfa field. In the win-
enclosed lot, a hay-covered shade was
used. In the wood enclosed lot, an alumi-
num shade was used. Ninety square feet
of shade per animal was provided.
The test continued for 84 days. The
same rations were fed. Water was sup-
plied in circular concrete drinking water
tanks. Seven Hereford steers with an
average initial weight of 814 lbs. were
assigned to each pen.
A condensed summary of results
FEED LOT CONSTRUCTION
Average wind velocity
Steers in the wire feed
ol required 20*
RED BRAND Fe
per 100 lb. gain than in the wood enclosed lot.
The author's conclusion: "A substantial-
ly cooler environment for cattle can be
provided by proper feed lot construction,
good shade, cool water and a reduction
of radiant heat" (from wooden fence'.
For more complete details about this
test, and suggestions on how to build
fences for feed lots and farmsteads, write
Keystone Steel & Wire Company,
Peoria 7, Illinois.
% See '•Environment Comparisons and Cattle Gains in Wood and Wire
Corrals" bv N. R. Ittner. T. E. Bond and C. F. Kelly, University
of California in August, 1955 issue of Journal of Animal Science.
Keystone Steel & Wire Company
Peoria 7, Illinois
Please send me details on feed lot tests and suggestions on how to build fences.
Daring New 3-PIow Tractor ...
Alive with Spectacular Advantages
evenly spaced, overlapping
gear speeds forward, all the
way from 1.6 to 20 MPH..:
plus three reverse speeds.
• Powr-Torq Engines. ..gas, LPG, distillate, dicsel
•fa Tripl-Range Transmission... 12 speeds forward
Vr Safety-Lock Hydraulic System... duo-control
ic Cam-and-Lever Steering... new short turning
~k 3-Point Eagle Hitch. ..constant PTO
-*- Tell-Easy Instrument Panel. ..eight indicators
if Powr-Shift Rear Wheels.. .plus sliding hubs
Bursting with features that put thrilling new meaning into
performance and horsepower . . . the Case "300" brings to
life your dream of the ideal in modern 3-plow tractors. For the
first time in any tractor the "300" offers you an amazingly
simple, easy-shifting Tripl-Range transmission that makes
full use of engine power . . . plus a host of other new advantages
. . . for job versatility never before achieved. See your Case
dealer now about the new Case "300" . . . you'll agree it sets
a new trend in tractors. Ask about the sensible Case Income
Payment Plan. For colorful "300" catalog, write J. I. Case Co.,
Dept. B-916, Racine, Wis.
The Sander Family Get the benefit of
ANOTHER DISTINGUISHED FFA
family! You'll have to go a long
way to lincl a better record than that ol
the Mike Sander family of Chappell.
Nebraska. All eight ol the sons have
been active in the 11 A at the high
school from which thc> graduated. All
have held a Chapter office, the having
But that's only the beginning. I ive
ol the voting men received the State
Farmer Degree, Jack being the first stu-
dent in C happell High to receive it.
Dick was awarded the American 1 aimer
Degree, the only, Future Farmer from
the Chappell ( haptcr to obtain it so far.
Dick is also a former State FFA Presi-
dent, while brother bill is a former State
Treasurer. Dick. Dan. and Roy were
National I 1 \ ( horus members two
years, 1 he lather. Mike Sander,
been awarded both the Chapter
State Honorary Degree in FFA
addition, live ol the boys have received
the Dekalb Award as the most out-
Standing student ot the year! Jack.
Larry, Dick, and Rov have served their
country in the armed forces.
The Sander sons have also been active
in the all airs ol church and community.
They love to sing, and once organized a
quartet, first in the FFA and later as a
family quartet. All but one are mem-
bers of a choir. Seven are members ol
the same church and have, at one time
or another, been president of the Young
Six of the hovs are presently
in diversified farming and one of them.
Jack, is a graduate of Nebraska Agri-
cultural College. Clayton is studving for
the ministry and one o\ the others works
for the Cheat Western Sugar Beet Com-
pany. The Sander boys attained their
outstanding record in the FFA under
two Chapter advisors. Harlan Knoche
and the present advisor, Duane Foote.
Install PERFECT CIRCLE 2-in-l Chrome piston rings!
You can expect more productive
hours per engine — less "down
time" for overhauls — when you
install Perfect Circle 2-in-l
Chrome piston rings in your farm
Good reasons why: Top per-
formance under continuous heavy
load is assured because in Perfect
Circle's 2-in-l Chrome set. both
top rings and oil rings are plated
with thick, wear-resisting solid
chrome. This more than doubles
the life of cylinders, pistons and
Settle for nothing less than
Perfect Circle 2-in-l Chrome
piston rings for your car, truck or
tractor. Be sure of full-powered
farm power — with positive oil
control. Perfect Circle Corpora-
tion. Hagerstown. Indiana: The
Perfect Circle Co., Ltd.. Toronto,
In front row, left to right, are Larry,
Jack, Joe, and Dick. In back row are
brothers Roy, Clayton, Bill and Dan.
2-in-l Chrome piston rings
THE STANDARD OF COMPARISON
« ' . •' , * ' ■ Si';.
i I , •','■ '■'[■ ■.,><":^;.-
.« I . •' • ' W>i\ lm tit*
of Seed and Fertilizer
Gives better stands
and higher yields
Crop specialists agree that seed
germinates and grows better when
seed and fertilizer are placed in
separate bands. This almost entire-
ly eliminates the danger of "burn-
ing" tender roots and plants, helping
to assure full stands and maximum
yields with less seed.
With the introduction of the All-
Crop drill, built by Allis-Chalmers,
separate band placement of seed and
fertilizer became practical for the
first time. Twin-boot design makes
the difference. Fertilizer is deposited
through the front boot, while the
seed is placed about one inch to the
side of the fertilizer from the rear
boot . . . out of danger, but close
enough so that young seedlings can
take full advantage of this extra
Many features of the All-Crop
drill are entirely new and different.
Fully-mounted design gives it sur-
prising capacity — up to 35 acres per
day for the WD-45 model, and 20
to 30 acres per day for the CA mod-
el. The entire unit is hydraulically
lifted and lowered, with most of the
weight carried on the tractor's big
low-pressure tires, which do not
sink into loose soil, assuring utmost
accuracy of seed and fertilizer place-
ment at the desired depth.
Grain, grass or legume seeds and
fertilizer can be drilled at the same
time, or separately, as desired. The
non-clogging MICRO-FEED meters
kernels individually, instead of in
bunches. Force-Flo agitators in the
fertilizer hopper break up lumpy
These and other features have en-
abled many owners to report better
stands and higher yields with less
FARM EQUIPMENT DIVISION, MILWAUKEE 1. WIS.
All-Chop is an Allis-Chaln
THESE FAMOUS Flame Tokay
Grapes were produced in the Lodi
District of California — home of 98 per
cent of all the fresh Tokays produced
in the United States," the passenger
read. He was enjoying a refreshing
treat on his air trip from Stockton to
New York. "They are presented for
your enjoyment through the courtesy
of United Air Lines with the compli-
ments of Lodi Future Farmers of
America," he saw on the card inside the
The idea of having individual pack-
ages of Tokays served aboard far-flying
airliners was originally conceived by
members of the Tokay Marketing
Agreement, but it took the FFA to earn
it out! The grapes were picked and
packaged by the Lodi Union High
School FFA Chapter, who grew them
on their four-acre vineyard in Ham
Junior horticulture classes, under the
direction of vo-ag teacher Art Mellor,
packaged 500 one-quarter pound bags
of grapes. Enclosed in each was the
courtesy card, with a brief history of
the Tokays. "The plan was very ably
and nicely carried out." according to
C. N. McClanahan, TMA secretary-
manager. "The Future Farmers and
Arthur Mellor are to be thanked for
doing such a swell job."
Mellor passed on the credit to his
Future Farmers. He said they organ-
ized themselves in small groups and
"did a marvelous job of selecting and
packaging the grapes." McClanahan
expresses his appreciation also to
George Stuart, Stockton (California)
manager of United Air Lines, for help-
ing make the project possible.
The cellophane bags and printed
cards were provided by two local busi-
ness men who wished to remain anony-
mous. Nine boxes of grapes went
aboard the transcontinental airline in
this harvest project, bringing renewed
international recognition to the Future
Farmers of America.
Cowboy Hall of Fame
A NATIONAL Cowboy Hall oi I amc
will someday be erected on a
37-acre site near Oklahoma City. The
Siso.duo site was dedicated last Kill in
a pageant combining traditions ol past
;irul present. The purpose of the H.dl
will be to honor those men ol history
who made the West, and also those who
carry on iis traditions.
National trustees of each of 17 states
were on hand to watch the Hags ol their
stales pass in review, A cavalcade ol
over l.ooo horses, the largest number
to be assembled at a public gathering
in almost a hundred years, .i^\di:^ to the
colorful program. I he pretty Norse
Stars m the picture below, from North-
east Oklahoma A A: \l. joined in the
dedication ceremonies. Will Rogers,
Jr.. officiated as master of ceremonies,
while television personalities enter-
C hairman ol the national hoard ol
trustees and originator ol the idea is
C. A. Reynolds, who said, "in a real
sense, this Cowboj Hall ol lame and
its projected museum will he a national
shrine." The one-million-dollar fund
raising lor this memorial is in the hands
of former Oklahoma governor Roy J.
Turner, who received his Honorary
American I armer Degree at the FFA
Convention in 1948. Turner hopes that
youths everywhere will \isit the build-
ing alter its completion, and thai they
will become members ol this non-profit
Any boy or girl in America under IS
mas become a member by sending SI
to the National Cowboy Hall of Fame,
200 Skir\in lower. Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma. Members will receive but-
tons and cards that will entitle them to
free admission to the museum when it
kites &&-&H .£*^
AUTOMATIC TRACTION BOOSTER
with new remote ram principle
increases work capacity
The pretty Norse Stars entertain at
dedication ceremonies of the Hall of
Fame site. The event attracted over
1,000 horsemen from 41 riding clubs.
Until recently a farm tractor at work
was simply a combination of weight
and power in motion — with pulling
capacity largely dependent upon
the amount of weight carried on the
Today, the work capacity of Allis-
Chalmers tractors is measured by
a new concept . . . engineering in
For example, the Allis-Chalmers
WD-45 Tractor does not depend
upon its own weight alone for ade-
quate traction to utilize the full
power of its dynamic engine. By
means of the exclusive hydraulic
Traction Booster, it automatically
transfers to the drive wheels as much
of the implement's weight as need-
ed, to assure ground-gripping trac-
tion and reduce power-wasting slip-
page to a minimum.
The Allis-Chalmers Traction
Booster system of weight transfer-
ence eliminates the need for costly,
useless weight in the tractor. Imple-
ment weight becomes working
weight applied and removed as need-
ed. The action is as automatic a~
that of an engine's governor.
Now. Allis-Chalmers introduces a
new remote ram principle of power
application which operates in con-
junction with the Traction Booster
system, and increase's the WD 15
Tractor's work capacity by 25 to 50
So that owners may capitalize on
this added work capacity to the ful-
lest extent. Allis-Chalmers has also
introduced a line of new big-capai -
ity, wheel-transported Traction
Booster implements of outstanding
design and performance.
You will instantly recognize the
significance and value of this devel-
opment when you see the 4,600-
pound WD-45 handle its new 4-bot-
tom plow . . . or watch it disc up
to 60 acres a day with the new l_" -
foot double-action disc harrow.
Ask your Allis-Chalmers dealer
for a demonstration. It's today's big
news to power-wise, cost-conscious
FAPM EQUIPMENT DIVISION. MILWAUKEE I, WIS.
CORN . . .
by Wilson W. Carries
GREAT-GRANDDAD would look
on in utter dismay if he could
see us making a crop of corn
these days. He would be equally
startled at some of the yields being har-
vested. The growing of corn has
changed just that much! Yields which
were once thought impossible to make
are bulging the sides of cribs nowadays.
This might bring one to ask what has
brought it about and where are we go-
ing in corn production? Probably no
one knows the answer to the latter.
However, now that the 300 bushel-per-
acre barrier has been broken, we are
led to believe that there is practically
As for the changes of recent years,
many of them can be traced to the in-
troduction of hybrid corn. Fact is,
some folks say that if hybrid corn had
never been developed there would be
no surplus of corn on the market today.
You might say hybrid corn is a lot
like that calf you may be feeding for
the fat calf show. He's got good breed-
ing — that is, the capacity to develop in-
to a winner — but unless he gets the
right kind of feed and other treatment,
he isn't going to develop to the extent
of his ability. Hybrid corn is some-
thing like that. It has increased the per-
acre capacity of corn, but we must use
the correct amount of fertilizer, good
cultural practices, and other man-con-
trolled influences to get maximum yield.
What Is Hybrid Corn?
Possibly the simplest way to give you
a general idea of what hybrid corn is,
is to compare it to the mule. A corn
hybrid, in fact, has many things in com-
mon with the mule! A mule is the first
generation hybrid between the mare
and the ass, and takes the better quali-
ties of both parents. It does not repro-
duce, but must be produced anew each
generation. A corn hybrid is the first
generation hybrid between two strains
of corn. Its value is for seed in the pro-
duction of a crop of commercial corn.
This corn witT^row, but cannot be used
for seed the following year without a
loss, in yield. A corn hybrid, like the
mnles, must be produced anew each
icration. During that generation
good hybrids produce larger yields of
higher-quality corn than do the best
open pollenated varieties, some say as
much as 20 to 30 percent more. And
finally, like mules, not all hybrids are
good ones so be sure to get the one best
adapted to your area.
A good example of the big changes
taking place in corn production in re-
cent years is found in Mississippi. Back
in 1946 the average yield for the state
was 16.5 bushels per acre. That year
the vocational agriculture workers de-
cided to do something about it and or-
ganized what they called a "100 Bushel
Corn Production Program." Since then,
yields which were once thought impos-
sible in the state have been recorded
with amazing regularity. The program's
objective is to teach farmers and FFA
members that higher yields of corn
could be grown on an economical basis
in the Magnolia State.
The program got off to a good start.
Two years later 512 students in vo-ag
classes grew 100 bushels of corn per
acre. The next year the number of
students reaching the goal was increased
to 1,137. During the program's peak
year, 2,664 students achieved the "un-
Also significant during the peak year
was the 1.348 students who produced
80 bushels or more per acre on three
or more acres: and the 1,762 who pro-
duced 60 bushels or better on the total
acreage planted to corn — in a state
whose average yield was 16.5 bushels
just a few years before!
According to A. P. Fatherree, state
supervisor of agricultural education,
teachers used the five-step method in
teaching .students how to produce top
yields v^kfi p^uc^rVar autntion given
to thrmr steps: \yU planMadapted hy-
brids; (21 adequate fertilization; (3)
proper cultivation. The- fertilizer re-
quirements to pfrbdijee tap bushels of
com along with shallow cultivation and
early lay-by dkjle were emphasized.
Fatherree says they have found that it
takes about 140 pounds of nitrogen. 50
pounds of phosphate, and 100 pounds
of potash placed at least eight inches
under the seed to make 100 bushels of
corn per acre.
Top yield in the program was made
by Billy McCullough of Houlka school
in Chickasaw County, who produced
232.7 bushels per acre. He used an
adapted hybrid and fertilized with 850
pounds of 5-10-5 fertilizer per acre and
244 pounds of anhydrous ammonia (82
percent) placed 12 inches deep. When
the corn was knee high, he side dressed
with 400 pounds of ammonium nitrate
When we look at the corn picture to-
day, one thing stands out clearly. For
top yields, and the most profit, modern
methods must be used — not those of
yesterday. And since hybrids have in-
creased the per-acre capacity to pro-
duce, a number of new methods can
be used most effectively.
Chemistry and Research
Chemistry and information compiled
by research both have a big place in
today's efficient corn production. Be-
ginning with the first step, the soil test,
a farmer can find out what plant foods
are deficient in his soils. Then with a
look at the plant food requirements of
corn, he will know just what fertilizers
and in what amounts to use for a high
Chemicals are also used for treat-
ment of seed corn against such diseases
as fungus rot, seed decay, wireworm,
seedling blight, and seed-corn maggot
injury. Some have reported that yields
were increased 10 percent by such
treatment. Most corn is being treated
with lindane and arsan, to give double
protection. Lindane is an insecticide
and arsan is an organic fungicide. Other
chemicals such as 2,4-D and TCA are
used effectively to control weeds in
Fertilizers. Old and New
A farmer has several fertilizers to
choose from but one thing is fairly cer-
tain. If you want greater yields of corn,
use more nitrogen. Most kinds of fer-
tilizer available are familiar to you but
there are a few new ones.- However,
the one for you to use depends upon
materials available in your ^af^a^con-
venience of application, and the price.
Here are the mijst popular ones. Anhy-
drous ammonia is a gas and £ointain>
82 percent nitrogen, the most concept
trated of all nitrogen, fertilisers. iFKis
spread as a liquid under pressure, aniK
for this reason needs special equipment.
Its application bas beer\ mostly left up
to the custom Operators because of the
cost of equipment. This hiijifb
advantage in many instances, since th'
cost isn't too high aind it relipvtS^tbj;
labor for other seasonal chores.
Solution 32/ -or Uraft, is a liquid form
of nitrogen which is applied with ordi-
nary farm spray equipment. Since it
will burn plant tissues,\ it must be ap- •-■
plied with care. It is one of the newer
lorms of nitrogen on the market to-
I he drj forms are the most familiar,
and for that reason thej arc Mill the
forms most used. I he best-known and
the percentage ol nitrogen in each one
;ire sodium nitrate with I <> percent
cium cyanamide, 20 percent; ammonium
sulfate, 21 percent; ammonium chloride
26 percent; ammonium nitrate, J3 per-
cent, and urea, one ol [he neuc
the dry forms, with 16 percent.
In considering your nitrogen needs.
remember that the more concentrated
forms mean less materials to handle,
yet you get the same number ol pounds
ol nitrogen. Complete fertilizers in li-
quid form, also new, are making their
appearance in some areas, \losi ol these
give about the same results as the dr\
forms. As some farmers base put it.
on] \ the bays and the backaches are
ll takes about 5.(l(ii).()liil pounds of
water to grow 100 bushels ol corn o\)
.in acre. For a long time this was in the
hands of nature, but now. with irriga-
tion, it is becoming more and mine a
man-eon trolled matter.
loo often water is the governing fac-
tor in the si/e ot corn yields. For ex-
ample, you can use the best hybrid for
your area, use just the right amount ol
fertilizer, and cultivate to perfection but
il water isn't available, sour yield will
I ake the ease of a Future Farmer
in Alabama. During one ol the drouth
sears, he ssas just getting his irriga-
tion ssstem going hut did manage to
get some water on a lew acres. He
made 5o bushels per acre on those irri-
gated, five on those ssiih no ssater! As
he put it, "that wasn't such a high yield
but irrigation meant the difference be-
tsseen 50 bushels and almost no corn
Another case out in the midwest con-
cerned a tanner who gasc his corn
three irrigations at the right time. It
produced close to 150 bushels per acre,
as compared ssith 70 on the acres that
received no irrigation.
What about farm machinery? Here
the cost is relatively fixed. The machin-
ery cost of farming 100 bushels is about
the same, regardless of whether the yield
is 20 bushels or NO. But. as the sield
is increased, the cash return from sour
machinery becomes greater. It makes n
possible to use more expensive equip-
ment such as larger tractors, plosss.
tivators, corn pickers, and the like.
Just where we are going in coin pro-
duction is anybody's guess. But an
acre of land is just as big as the fellow
who manages it. Now he can team
ssilh hybrid varieties and science, and
that acre becomes pretts big!
interested in higher corn yields.
Please send me without charge or obligation,
your new full color sixteen page Corn Guide.
□ I farm
cres. Q I am a student.
Pfister Associated growers, inc.
It's easy to take soil samples . . . but it is impor-
tant they be carefully selected as truly representa-
tive of the field being studied. The soil loses plant
food to leaching rains and bumper crops and it
must be replaced. A farmer must have a definite
knowledge of the needs if he is to do his best job.
A soil test measures changes in the fertility levels
of soils, just as a thermometer measures changes
in temperature. From the results of these tests
and knowledge of specific crop requirements, sat-
isfactory fertilizer recommendations can be made.
Better try it! (Courtesy "Plant Food Review")
Get information sheet and soil cartons
><** AREAS, ^
Divide farm into fields for sampling Take composite sample from each area
Don't sample unusual areas
Use proper sampling tools
Sample to plow depth
Mix well in clean pail
Fill out information sheet
Number samples— keep record
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Joe Tezak, lanky forward of Norton
University, dribbled the ball past center
court, cut sharply behind the Case
guard who was swarming all over him
with upraised arms, and worked the
ball in under the basket. He half
twisted his long body (six-foot three)
By Thomas L. Cavanaugh
as he jumped, and pushed the ball onto
the backboard. The timing and the
spin were perfect. The ball swished
through the cords.
His lay up shot had brought Norton
within four points of Case at 52-56 and
there was now less than two minutes
to go. Norton was playing a man to
man defense, and Joe stuck to his man
like glue. The ball was worked in
toward the Norton basket. Joe reached
up huge hands and spoiled a set shot
for his opponent. The ball went out
"Get awake there," yelled Harrj
Davis, taking the hall on the toss in.
"Come on, Coal Cracker."
Joe flushed under his tan. There
it was again — that nickname he hated.
Sometimes he felt that Davis taunted
him with "Coal Cracker" just to point
out tho difference between them. Davis
was (he son of a rich industrialist, whose
factories depended mainlv on soft coal.
I he eoal was dug from the earth by
men like Joe's dad.
So what it he was the son ot a coal
miner'.' Was it a crime? Apparently
it was here at the select university of
Norton. Joe had come to this conclu-
sion some time ago. Ever since Davis
had found out about his hackground
and had made remarks about it.
Joe bounded away from the man
who was covering him and took the
last pass from Davis. He sped down
the court in ground-eating strides until
he was within a few leet ot the basket,
then he stopped short. The maneuver
threw his man oil' guard lor a split
second. It was enough for Joe. With
a beautiful one-hand toss, he arched
the ball through the basket to bring
Norton within two points of tying the
The crowd went crazy! Case hastily
called lor time out. and the cheer
leaders leaped in front ol the rooting
sections. A thunderous din tilled the
"Nice shot. Coal Cracker," Davis
said casually, as the) sat on the floor
awaiting the whistle.
"Thanks," answered Joe dryly, wip-
ing the sweat from his face with a
towel. During these time out sessions
and in the locker room talks he was
ill at ease among his teammates.
Somehow he had the feeling that
he didn't belong in this group and was
there only because of his exceptional
skill at tossing an inflated ball through
a small hoop. Davis, the team captain,
was the one everyone looked to for
guidance and lor giving oul with the
smart answers, at which he was an
Davis fitted in well with this group,
which subconsciously seemed to be
measured in terms of background and
wealth rather than ability. "Let's catch
'em, gang." Dav is coaxed. "How about
it?" His eves swept around the group
and settled on Joe.
Sure, how about it? Joe grinned
mirthlessly to himself. Already he had
scored 27 of the team's points to Davis's
four, but the blonde captain was casual-
ty laving it on the line for them to
salvage the game. If Davis would
devote more time to playing the game
and less to talking a good game, per-
haps the score would read differently.
Joe shrugged. Maybe that was the way
things were supposed to work out.
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Case, trying desperately to protect
their slim margin, froze the ball in the
last 30 seconds. The forwards romped
back and forth, working the ball in
and out toward the basket, but being
very careful not to lose it. Joe lunged
and intercepted a short pass. He tapped
the ball toward Davis, who snapped it
up and started down the court. The
Case team was in hot pursuit as the
crowd went wild.
Davis was in the clear and pushed
through a lay up shot that tied the
score. The clock ticked the big hand
ever closer to the little one. In seconds
the board would light up that the game
In a last desperate gamble, the Case
guard flipped the ball far upcourt to
where a man was in the clear — almost.
Joe lunged in front of the receiver and
backhanded the ball. It rolled loose
for a moment, then he scooped it up
and dashed down the floor. A hush
fell over the gym as he stopped sud-
denly, evaded an onrushing guard, and
set himself for a two-handed shot from
At the last possible second, he heard
a shout, "Pass it. Coal Cracker!" Out
of the corner of his eye he saw Davis
cut in under the basket. On the way
ceilingward with his set shot, he re-
versed in midair and snapped the ball
into the waiting hands of Davis, who
sunk the peep shot for the tie-breaking
score just as the gun sounded, ending
A thunderous roar greeted Davis as
he stood under the basket, smilingly
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acknowledging the cheers of the Norton
rooters who swarmed around him,
pounding him on the back. Davis ac-
cepted the praise with ease, as if it were
Joe stood alone for a moment in
center court as the crowd swirled past
him to the hero, Harry Davis. Then,
his face wearing a cynical smile, he
crept down the steps to the dressing
room. He flopped on a bench in the
locker room and stretched his long
legs. It had been a long, grinding
game and he had played almost the
entire contest. The coach had spelled
him for a few minutes in the third
Joe closed his eyes dreamily. Sylvia
had been in the stands. Sylvia Ford,
with the gleaming brown hair, provoca-
tive lips, and soft eyes. Sylvia, who
knew and didn't care that he was a
coal cracker's son.
His pleasant thoughts were inter-
rupted by a rasping voice. He opened
his tired eyes. Coach Harmon was glar-
ing at him. "Why did you do it?" he
asked hoarsely, running nervous fingers
through his sparse gray hair.
"Do what?" asked Joe, wide awake
"Almost tossed the game away,"
snapped Harmon. "You had that set
shot all but made, yet you took a
chance and flipped the ball to Davis.
"He was in a better position to
shoot," Joe explained, flushing under
the accusing glare of the coach.
"And where do you think you were?
At the other end of the court?" snarled
Harmon. He shook his head. "One
of these days . . ." he moaned.
Joe smiled. "We won, didn't we?"
"Sure, we won," agreed Harmon,
mollified. Then he pointed his finger at
FASTER, MCM / FASTER .'
Joe. "One of these days, young man,"
he warned, "'you're going to carry this
thing too far. Teamwork is wonderful
and not wanting to he a basket hawk
is great, hut there are times to use com-
mon sense. Alter this, when you're in
a position to score, toss the ball in your-
"1 was going to," began Joe, "but
Davis called . . ." lie broke oil in
Harmon nodded. "Yeah, I heard
him. Glory grabber. All he thinks
of. . . ." It was the couch's turn to
break oil. He quickl) switched. -Never
mind what happened today. Luckily
we won. but mark what km Idling you.
In the future give a little more con-
sideration to Joe le/ak and the team."
He smiled as be placed an arm about
Joe's broad shoulders, "You played a
sensational game. Joe." he said grate-
fully. " I hanks."
Joe blushed. "I ... I did m\ best."
"Keep on doing your best," 1 1. union
said quietly. "We're sure going to need
it in our big game with Stanton next
In a lew minutes the rest ol the team
trooped in. yelling anil slapping each
other on the back as the) crowed over
their victory. An uncomfortable silence
fell over the group at sight o! Joe. bent
over unlacing bis shoes.
Joe was used to ibis reaction. He
gathered up bis gear and, with a curt
nod, went into the shower room. As
he banged the door behind him, he
heard the babble ot voices break loose
A burl feeling was mixed m with
the anger. He snapped on the needle-
line shower and stepped under it. Why
did they always clam up when he was
around? On the court he lilted into
the fast-breaking, high-scoring team
like a wheel in a clock. Oil' the court,
he was left Strictl) alone.
Was it because his family was not
listed m the social register? Or could
there be another reason? Jealousy,
perhaps? Joe grinned to himself. At
times the coal cracker's son really
showed up the playboys, like Davis.
Joe, squirming uncomfortably in bis
snug tuxedo, faced Sylvia in the living
room of her home. The Fords lived
in the better section oi the college town.
Professor Ford had been at Norton for
many years. Sylvia was his only child.
Joe fought to control his \oice as he
pleaded. "Give me one good reason
why you aren't going to the dance
w ith me."
"Why should I.'" Sylvia said, her
brown eyes flashing. "I simply said
that I'm not going with you. I'm going
with Harry Davis."
"But we've always gone to these
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dances together," Joe continued des-
perately, "I sort of took it for grant-
ed. . . ."
"That's just the point," she inter-
rupted, her voice low and throaty, "you
take too much for granted. You crawl
into your own moody little shell and
expect everyone to cater to your whims.
If you'd stop feeling sorry for yourself
and try harder to be one of the gang,
you'd be a lot happier. And you'd
make others happier, too." she added,
a trifle breathlessly.
Joe stared at her. "Feeling sorry
for myself?" he croaked. "What do
"You know perfectly well what I
mean, Joe Tezak." she stormed. "Take
last night's game, for instance. Who
won the game for us? You did. But
who got the credit? Harry Davis. Who
slunk off the floor before the fans
could get to him? Who played the
heroic martyr? You did."
"Can't you see what I'm getting at,
Joe?" she pleaded. "There's more to
the game than just tossing the ball
through the basket. There is the ex-
citement of playing a good game and
winning. There is the idea of being
a part of a team and part of a school.
That's where you fall down. Joe. When
the final whistle blows, you fade out.
Your pride keeps you from joining in
all the way."
"Oh, does it?" Joe snapped.
"Yes," she answered shortly. Then
she smiled brightly. "A girl likes to
feel that her . . er . . date belongs.
That he'll be friendly to her friends,"
she explained, stepping close to him.
"Okay." He fought to keep his
voice calm. "Go to the dance with
Davis — share in his limelight. I hope
it makes you happy." He spun on his
heel and strode toward the door.
"Goodbye!" he flung over his shoulder.
"Joe. wait. . . ."
But Joe was already halfway down
the steps. With head held high, he
walked slowly toward the fraternity
house where the orchestra was already
tuning up for the dance.
Joe's resentment mounted with each
passing minute as he sat in a big
leather chair watching the gay couples
arrive. He was pointedly ignored, ex-
cept for curt nods from a few acquaint-
ances. He didn't mind this — he was
used to it. He had long ago made up
his mind that he'd be darned if he'd
try to get in with these rich kids.
At that minute he regretted for the
thousandth time ever having accepted
an athletic scholarship at Norton. He'd
had a hunch he wouldn't fit in. Brother,
had that hunch been right!
Joe sighed. If it wasn't for Dad.
he'd of chucked it long ago. He
couldn't let him down. Dad was an
independent, democratic sort of guy.
He'd never be able to explain to him
that he couldn't get along with his class-
Joe sat bolt upright when he saw
Sylvia come in with Harry Davis. She
saw him at the same time and deliber-
ately turned and looked up into her
escort's eyes, who bent low and whis-
pered something to her. Sylvia's gay
laugh cut through Joe like a knife.
Harry Davis strode over, his face
alight with triumph. "Hi, Coal
Cracker!" he called loudly. He nodded
to the girl at his side. "See the prize I
won for tossing the winning basket last
"You get the best of everything else,"
Joe said shortly, his face hot. "You
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Davis frowned. "What do you
"Ask her!" snarled Joe, getting to
his feet and sticking out his ehin. "She
"Joe! Please!" cried the embarrassed
"I don't like your insinuations, Joe
Tezak!" Davis snapped.
"And I don't like plenty Of things
about you," retorted Joe. doubling up
his lists. "So what are we going to
do about it?"
A small croud had formed around
them. An older man detached himself
from the group and walked between
them. "I his is a social affair," he said
quietly. "We expect our guests to act
like gentlemen." He stared at Joe
levelly. "I'm sorr\, hut I'll have to ask
you to leave."
"Me?" gasped Joe. "How about
him'.'" pointing at Davis.
I he man shook his head. "You
started the argument."
"()h. I gel it." sneered Joe. "He's
Hans Davis. I'm Joe le/ak. Sorry
1 mentioned it." He laughed mirth-
lessly. "I can take a hint." Joe strode
quickly out ol the fraternitj house.
A lew minutes later he was in his
room at the boarding house a tew
blocks oil campus. He took a suitcase
from the closet, threw it on the bed,
and started to emptv the bureau draw-
ers. Angrily he piled socks, shuts, and
his extra suit into the bag. With each
article he tossed his anger mounted.
Then her words came back to him.
•I heroic martyr. That's what she had
called him. Joe smacked one fist into
the palm of his other hand. He'd show
her. He'd show .ill of them. Next
week, in the Stanton game, he'd show
everyone how much of a martyr he was.
He'd stav in college until alter that
game. Then he'd leave them with a
memory they wouldn't quickly forget.
Joe began to unpack his bag.
Because of the two star forwards.
Burns and Lockheed, in their line-up,
Stanton was the tavorite for the big
game. This game would have nation-
wide interest because the outcome
would decide the teams for the invita-
tion tournament at the Garden.
In the first quarter Burns and Lock-
heed were sensational! Burns chalked
up 12 points and Lockheed 10 to give
their team a 22-14 bulge at the begin-
ning of the second. Of the 14 points
for Norton, Joe had racked up 9 of
The teamwork had been ragged
throughout the quarter. Joe had held
himself in check to allow the glory
boys to shine. In the rest period. Coach
Harmon was bitter and sarcastic.
"You're playing like a bunch of
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chumps." he growled. "Do you have
ramrods down your backs? You act
like strangers. You're a team, you
know. You're all playing for the same
college. Remember that."
Captain Davis shrugged as he wiped
his face and tossed the towel to Joe.
"Maybe if some people could swallow
their pride," he said, "we'd all be better
Joe bit back the answer that sprang
to his lips. Fine talking coming from
him. He threw the towel on the bench.
The second quarter began like the
first. The zip just wasn't there. Not
once did anyone call Joe "Coal
Cracker." Even in the closeness of the
game his teammates somehow man-
aged to ignore him.
The Stanton team pulled steadily
away from them. Burns and Lock-
heed, working together perfectly, sank
shots from every conceivable angle. The
Norton guards wore themselves out try-
ing to cover them. At the end of the
half the score stood at 40-28.
A stunned silence crept over the Nor-
ton fans. Everyone knew Stanton was
a powerhouse, but no one dreamed the
game would be so one sided. A groan
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escaped from the Norton side when
the gun sounded ending the half, and
the tired players trudged down to the
Joe suppressed a slight smile of tri-
umph as he followed his team out. He
had deliberately played far below his
normal game, just to show them. The
results were apparent. Now where were
the heroes? He wondered if the fans
were asking the same question.
In the locker room he sank onto a
bench. Out of the corner of his eye
he saw Davis watching him. The cap-
tain looked puzzled. Joe chuckled to
himself. He had given the big stiff
something to think about. And the
rest of them, too. Maybe now they'd
He frowned as he saw Davis ap-
proach him, a tight smile on his lips.
"Tezak?" Davis said quietly.
Joe lifted his eyes. "Yes?"
Davis shifted his weight uncomfort-
ably as he groped for words. "I don't
know whether this is the time to bring
this up." he began, "but 1 had a long
talk with Sylvia. . . ."
"I bet you did." Joe cut in dryly.
Davis flushed. "Perhaps I was wrong
about some things. Perhaps you were,
too." Then he shrugged. "That's
neither here nor there. But the point
is," he continued, "are we going to let
our personal differences lose this
Joe almost laughed aloud. The
glory grabber was worried. The game
was getting out of hand and he couldn't
salvage it. Again Davis turned to him
for a victory so he could stay in the
"You play your game,"
slowly. "I'll play mine."
Davis opened his mouth
then thought better of it.
dark with anger, he turned and walked
away. Joe followed with an amused
glance. At least he had gotten a rise
out of the big-time operator. Joe
stretched full length on the bench and
stared thoughtfully at the ceiling. He
wondered how long it would take to
FULL LINE tARDEN SU
get used to swinging u pick in a dusty,
dark coal pit?
On the lap off beginning the third
quarter, Joe gained possession oi the
hall. He dribbled in under the basket
and wcaved around the guard who stuck
close b\ him. I he shot was perfect.
The Norton cheering section perked up.
Passing skilllulK and using his height
lo good advantage, Joe was in on every
play and literally commanded the back-
board. He no longer was playing just
lo win. As pari ol his plan he was
playing to show them what Joe le/ak,
the coal miner's son, could do. To
-how these blucbloods thai the fellow
they looked down then noses at was
someone to lie reckoned with. Some-
one thej would miss next year.
Joe's mam reason lor playing bril-
liantly was silting behind the cheer
leaders. He had spoiled Sylvia the mo-
ment he had stepped onto the court.
In her school sweater with the big crim-
son "N" on it, she had arrived with a
crowd ol her classmates.
Seeing the way the bailie was swing-
ing, the Slanlon coach directed two
men to cover him. Joe chuckled. I el
the whole learn cover him. I his was
his game. lime alter lime he broke
through the strong defense and made
Ins shols. His aim was unerring. And
iO closeh was he guarded lh.it he was
The foul shots were eas\ lor him. He
missed but one ol seven tries in the
thud quarter. I he third ended with
Stanton clinging to a 54-4S margin,
loe had personally accounted tor lb
points in this quarter alone. It was the
most sensational exhibition that had
ever been seen in the Norton gym, and
the tans were deliriously happy.
Joe sal m the huddle waiting tor
some word of praise from his team-
mates. None was forthcoming. Thej
l. ilked casually to one another. The
lew remarks directed toward him were
excessively polite and guarded. I hey
acted as it the) were afraid of hurting
Joe was very sober as he stared about
him. Somehow his plan was not work-
ing out. He was saving the game lor
them but thej weren't even grateful.
They accepted his superb playing as if
it were expected. His duly. The duty
ol each of them to give his best lor
dear old Norton.
But what had dear old Norton ever
given him'.' A thought struggled in his
whirling mind. Could it be that Sylvia
had been right when she said he spent
too much time feeling sorrv for him-
The referee's whistle shrilled, cutting
the thought short. Joe leaped lo his
feet and went over to cover his man.
He took the ball on the tap off from
Norton's lanky center and worked his
way quicklv in under the Stanton bas-
ket. I he two guards swarmed on him. jumbled. Had he ever really given any-
Joe dribbled the ball, trying to feint one at Norton a chance to know him —
them oul ol position lor a shot. except Sylvia? Hadn't he come to school
A crimson-clad figure streaked in with a chip on his shoulder?
under the basket. "Pass it, loe!'' Davis The nickname "Coal Cracker" had
called. been given to him In Davis, but did
loe hesitated a moment, then Hipped that implj an insult? Or was the in-
ihe ball lo his teammate. Davis sunk suit imagined — by Joe himself.' \\<jlin,l
the peep shot Willi case. set himsell apart from ihe Others — he-
Davis brushed pasl him on the wa> cause he felt he didn't belong. Had he
back into position. He smiled. "Nice done the wrong thing.' \ic\\ have to
woik, Joe." ligure it oul before he messed up his
loe nodded absentlj as he pondered life for good
over the words. Davis sounded sin- During tune oul Joe looked at his
cere — no doubt about that. But why? teammates as it he 'Acre seeing them
Joe continued lo wonder as the game for the first time. His glance swepl to
progressed. He tried to straighten his the scoreboard which showed the score
thoughts, hut the\ became more at 64-60 wuh aboul three minutes to
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go. Joe cleared his throat nervously.
"Fellows," he began, "I think we can
take these guys." He felt a hot flush
in his face as the team eyed him in
surprise. It was the first time in the
many games they had played together
that he had spoken up.
"Don't see why not," answered the
captain, casually. "That is if you keep
sinking them like you have been . . .
Coal Cracker," he added softly.
Joe grinned. Somehow the hated
words lost their sting. Maybe it was
the tone of voice the center used. The
note of respect. "Let's keep pouring
it on, gang." he said earnestly.
Davis stared at him for a long mo-
ment. Joe returned the look. Then a
slow grin swept into the captain's face.
He nodded. "You lead the way, chum."
Joe took the ball on the toss in and
worked it swiftly under the basket.
He worked the crisscross pass with
Davis and the lanky center came into
position directly under the basket and
took the ball to net it.
Burns, of Stanton, barely missed an-
other try, and Joe took the rebound.
From outside the circle he arched a
beautiful long shot to bring the score
to 68-64 with less than a minute re-
maining. Stanton tried stalling tactics
and ate up time as the Norton section
went wild, screaming for their team to
get the ball. Joe did get his hands
on a short pass enough to deflect it.
and Davis was on it like a shot.
He passed to Joe, who worked the
ball in under the basket, weaved around
the guard who was covering him, and
sank the shot. At that moment the
guard fouled him. A hush fell over
the gym as Joe lined up for his free
shot. The ball sailed through the cords
to bring the score to 68-67 and it was
still Norton's ball from out of bounds
with 10 seconds to go. Davis called
for time out.
"We'll have time for about one play."
Davis said breathlessly. He glanced at
Joe. "It's up to you. Coal Cracker."
Joe shook his head unbelievingly.
Was it possible the glory grabber was
giving him this opportunity to score
the winning marker? "You take it in,"
FOR PHOTOS OF FINE CALVES
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"What, and Hub it?" D.i\is shook
his head. "You're the man. Joe." He
held out his hand. "Okay?"
Joe shook his hand. "Okay."
A hush fell over the crowd as the
teams lined up lor these crucial seconds.
I he shrill of the referee's whistle cut
through the silence like an A-bomb.
The Norton guard tossed the ball to
Davis, who faked a throw, then slipped
the ball to Joe who was selling himsell
lor a shol from the outside. A long
shot — his specialty.
But the alert Stanton guards were
On Joe like a whirlwind. He delllv
weaved around to clear the grasping
hands that windmilled in front ol him.
Oul ol the corner ol his eye he saw
a crimson figure streak in under the
basket. "lake it, Davis," he called,
snapping the ball on the tloor in a
twisting bounce. He had gauged his
throw right. The ball bounced into the
hands of the startled captain, who
arched up with it and slipped it against
The ball rolled crazily for a moment
around the hoop, then fell through it.
The gun sounded a second later. A deaf-
ening roar cut loose from the Norton
rooters, who stormed down on the
Moor to greet their heroes.
Joe stood for a long moment in front
of the basket. Then, instead ol walk-
ing away as he usually did, he ran for-
ward to meet Da\ is. who was coming
toward him. hand outstretched. As (he
two men met. the crowd swirled around
them and lifted them on their shoulders.
"Nice going, Coal Cracker." Davis
said, winking al him.
Joe gulped. "You didn't do so bad
"We're a cinch for the Garden now."
Davis said gleefully.
Joe nodded. Then he looked about
him. He saw the slim figure in tne
crimson "N" sweater struggling through
the crowd toward him. Sylvia's face
was alight with joy. She waved.
fie waved hack and scrambled down
from the shoulders on which he was
perched. As he struggled through the
crowd of friendly faces to meet her.
the coal mines seemed far, far away.
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The Rrsf One Doesn't Have A Chance/
"LIFT it! I thought you were sup-
posed to roll it along."
The wedding ceremony had just been
concluded and the groom thrust his
hand into his pocket and inquired,
"What do I owe you. Reverend?"
"We do not charge for the service,"
replied the minister, "but you can pay
me according to the beauty of the
"Okay," said the groom, and he
handed the minister a quarter. The
minister raised the bride's veil, and dug
into his pocket.
"Here's 15 cents change, young
"Girls are a dime a dozen," said the
sophisticated 17-year-old at the corner
"Gee." said a younger boy. "And to
think I've been spending my money on
Young person on the telephone:
"Are you the Game Warden?"
Game Warden: "That's right."
Young person: "Well, I'm glad I've
finally found the right person at last.
Would you please suggest some games
suitable for our club?"
Raisin City. California
A Texas sheriff and his posse had
just caught a bandit and were preparing
to hang him. Suddenly a Chaplain spoke
up. "Please, gentlemen, may I say a
prayer for this man?"
The sheriff exploded. "Are you trying
to sneak this varmint into heaven when
he ain't even fit to live in Texas?"
Burnsville, West Virginia
A lady was mailing one of the new
revised Bibles to her son. "As there any-
thing breakable in this package?" asked
"Well," timidly replied the little old
lady, "only the Ten Commandments."
The salesgirl was describing the new
four-piece outfit a model was wearing:
"If you remove the bodice you will have
a playsuit. If you remove the skirt you
will have a sunsuit. If you remove any-
thing else you will have a lawsuit."
Two small boys were walking home
from school when they saw a boy from
their class. Jack said, "There goes
"Yeh," Bill replied, "// he said two
and two were four she'd say he was
Lawyer: "You say you were about
35 feet from the scene. Just how far
can you see?"
Farmer: "Well, when I wake up I see
the sun and they tell me it's about
ninety-three million miles away."
Laris, South Carolina
A hillbilly who had to spend a night
in Little Rock saw an electric light for
the first time in his life. Returned to
his mountain shack, he told his wife,
"Don't know how them city folks catch
any sleep. There was a big light burn-
ing in my room right through the
"Why didn't you blow it out?" asked
"Go! dang it, I couldn't." grumbled
the hillbilly. "// was in a bottle."
West Point, Nebraska
Joe: "She said she'd be faithful to the
Bob: "That sounds good."
Joe: "Yes, but Tin the quarterback!"
Lost City, West Virginia
Charlie, THE GREEN HAND
The National Future Farmer will pay $1 for each joke published on this page. Jokes should he submitted on
post cards addressed to The National Future Farmer, Box 29, Alexandria, Virginia. In case of duplica-
tion, payment will be made for the first one received. Contributions cannot be acknowledged or returned.
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