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Full text of "The nationwide drive against law enforcement intelligence operations : hearing before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, first session ..."

THE NATIONWIDE DRIVE AGAINST 
LAW ENFORCEMENT INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS 



HEARINGS 

BEFORE THE 

SUBCOMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE THE 

ADMINISTKATION OF THE INTERNAL SECURITY 

ACT AND OTHER INTERNAL SECURITY LAWS 

OF THE 

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY 

UNITED STATES SENATE 

NINETY-FOURTH CONGRESS 

FIRST SESSION 



PART 2 



JULY 11, 1975 



Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary 




U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
60-030 WASHINGTON : 1975 



^^^^ For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Ofllce 

^^^ Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.85 

Jrch FRANKLIN FIPPCE LAW CEMTER 

3ry H CojBcord. New Hampshire 03301 

' ON DEPOSIT .......... 



^fury^.xj^a/n/j-^. 



THE NATIONWIDE DRIVE AGAINST 
LAW ENFORCEMENT INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS 



HEARINGS 

BEFORE THE 

SUBCOMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE THE 

ADMINISTRATION OF THE INTERNAL SECURITY 

ACT AND OTHER INTERNAL SECURITY LAWS 

OF THE 

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY 
UNITED STATES SENATE 

NINETY-FOURTH CONGRESS 

FIRST SESSION 



PART 2 



JULY 11, 1975 



Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary 




cs 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
60-030 WASHINGTON : 1975 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
^^^ Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.85 

arch FRANKLIN PIE3^CE LAW CE>TTER 

dry ^ Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

-* ON DEPOSIT ...,:..„- 



ff^ 



b!sc Library 
Boston, i^A 02 



*r ■^■ 



COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY 

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman 

JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska 

PHILIP A. HART, Michigan HIRAM L. FONG, Hawaii 

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania 

BIRCH BAYH, Indiana STROM THURMOND, South Carolina 

QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota CHARLES McC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland 

ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia WILLIAM L. SCOTT, Virginia 
JOHN V. TUNNEY, California 
JAMES ABOUREZK, South Dakota 



Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration of the Internal 
Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws 

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman 

JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas STROM THURMOND, South Carolina 

BIRCH BAYH. Indiana WILLIAM L. SCOTT, Virginia 

J. G. SotTRwiNE, Chief Counsel 

Alfonso L. Tarabochia, Chief Investigator 

Mart E. Dooley, Research Director 



RESOLUTION 



Resolved hy the Internal Security Suhcomniittee of the Senate Com- 
mittee on the Judiciary^ That the testimony of James M. Rochford, 
Mitchell Ware, Eugene Dorneker, Adelle Noren, and David Gushing, 
taken in executive session on July 11, 1975, be released from the in- 
junction of secrecy, be printed and made public. 

James O. Eastland, Chairmcm. 
Approved : December 1, 1975. 



CONTENTS 

Testimony of: Page 

James M. Rochford, Superintendent, Chicago Police Department 45 

Mitchell Ware. Deputy Superintendent, Chicago Police Department-- 52 

Eugene Dorneker, Investigator, Chicago Police Department 57 

.^delle Noren, Housewife, Chicago, 111 106 

David Cushing, Police OflBcer, Chicago Police Department 131 

Appendix 143 

(HI) 



THE NATIONWIDE DRIVE AGAINST LAW ENFORCE- 
MENT INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS 



FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1975 

U.S. Senate, 
Subcommittee To Intesttgate the 
Administration or the Internal Security Act 

AND Other Internal Security Laws 

OF the Committee on the Judiciary, 

Washington, D.O. 

The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 :10 a.m., in room 
2300, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Senator Strom Thurmond 
presiding. 

Present : Senators Thurmond and Scott of Virginia. 

Also present: J. G. Sourwine, chief counsd; A. L. Tarabochia, 
chief investigator; Robert J. Short, senior investigator; and David 
Martin, senior analyst. 

Senator Thurmond. Will all the witnesses stand, and raise your 
right hand. Do you swear that the evidence you will give in this hear- 
ing will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help 
you God? 

Mr. Eochford. I do. 

Mr. Ware. I do. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I do. 

Mrs. N"oREN. I do. 

Mr. Gushing. I do. 

Mr. Sourwine. For the purposes of the record I want to get you 
identified. Mr. Rochford, would you give us your full name and your 
address, please? 

Mr. Rochford. James M. Rochford. I am superintendent of police, 
city of Chicago. I reside at 6881 North Tonty Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Ware? 

Mr. Ware. My name is Mitchell Ware. I am deputy superintendent 
of the Chicago police in charge of the Bureau of Inspectional Senaces. 
I live in Chicago at 2815 South Michigan Avenue. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Gushing? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes. My name is David Gushing. I am a patrolman 
with the Chicago Police Department. My home residence is 1645 
West 100 Place, Chicago. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Domeker? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. My name is Eugene F. Domeker. I am an investiga- 
tor with the Intelligence Division, Chicago Police Department. I live 
at 10300 South Homen Avenue, Chicago. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mrs. Noren? 

Mrs. Noren. I am Adelle Noren, 11225 South Oakley, Chicago. I am 
a housewife. 

(41) 



42 

Mr. SouRWiNE. I respectfully suggest, Mr. ChaiTmaii, that we begin 
with the statement from counsel from the committee, and then permit 
a brief word from the attorney for the Chicago Police Department, 
who is not here as a witness, but who is here as counsel for the super- 
intendent ; and then pass the ball to the superintendent and go on. 

Senator Thurmond. That's all rig'ht. I have an opening statement 
here I will make at this time. 

First I want to express my appreciation on behalf of the subcom- 
mittee for your coming here today ; we appreciate your cooperation. 

For some time now, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee has 
been receiving evidence of a concerted national drive by left wing 
organizations— the Communist Party, the Maoists, the Trotskyists, 
and others — designed to inactivate or destroy police intelligence files 
on extremists across the country and to put an end to all such activi- 
ties. This is the first of a series of hearings which the subcommittee 
plans for the purpose of looking into this situation. 

The drive against police intelligence activities involves the harass- 
ment and intimidation of police departments through legal suits, sup- 
ported by a propaganda campaign and mass demonstrations. What 
the drive is designed to accomplish was frankly spelled out in a flier 
put out by the District of Columbia Committee for the Bill of Rights 
advertising a recent meeting at Georgetown University in Washing- 
ton. The sponsorship of the meeting included organizations like the 
National Lawyers Guild and the Socialist Workere Party. Among 
other things, they asked that all District of Columbia police intelli- 
gences files be opened up to the affected citizens and groups and that 
"the District of Columbia City Council outlaw and punish all spying 
and provocation activities." 

The subcommittee is concerned about maintaining effective police 
intelligence at the local level because this is essential to the internal 
security of our Nation. Under the best of circumstances, the FBI 
could never do the job nationwide of assembling adequate intelligence 
files on all extremist groups and individuals Avho pose a threat to our 
security. The FBI has had to have a cooperative working arrangement 
with police intelligence units in all of our major cities. Such a coopera- 
tive arrangement is far more necessary today than it has been in the 
past because in recent years there has been a proliferation of extremist 
groups and grouplets, many of them operating only in certain cities 
or areas. 

In embarking on this investigation, the subcommittee does not mean 
to imply a blanket defense of all police intelligence activities. Every 
responsible police official is prepared to concede that there have been 
abuses in the field of police intelligence by overzealous officers, some- 
times opreating with inadequate guidelines. Every effort should be 
made to eliminate such abuses and to develop adequate guidelines. But 
this IS altogether different from the drive to totally paralyze or abolish 
intelligence gathering activities which we are currently witnessing in 
our country. 

In 1961, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee took testimony 
from Lyman B. Kirkpatrick on the worldwide Communist drive to 
discredit and paralvze the police forces in all free countries. To be 
properly understood, the current left wing drive against police intelli- 
gence must be viewed in this broader context. 



43 

We are privileged to have with us today Superintendent James M. 
Rochford of the Chicago Police Department, who has come here under 
subpena, and who, we hope, Avill be able to throw some light on the 
situation in his own city. We also have several other witnesses who 
will be able to round out the picture from different vantage points. 

Superintendent Rochford, I want to thank you for coming here, and 
I also want to thank the other witnesses for coming here today. 

Now, as I understand it, you are the head man in the police depart- 
ment of Chicago, is that right ? 

Mr. Rochford. Yes, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. You are the top man. 

Mr. Rochford. Yes, Senator. 

Senator Thurjmond. All right, we will proceed, now. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Mr. Chairman, counsel for the police department is 
present. His capacity here today is as counsel for the Superintendent. 

The committee, as the Chair knows, is aware of the fact that there is 
a grand jury proceeding in Chicago which involves the police depart- 
ment in certain aspects. There is also a civil action in the courts up 
there, involving the police department. The committee does not desire 
to do anything to compromise the grand jury proceedings, or to inter- 
fere in any way with the civil proceeding. 

I would ask that the Chair indulge Mr. Dart, the counsel for the 
Commissioner, while he gives us a brief statement for the record of 
the situation as it exists. I don't mean in detail, sir, just the legalities 
of the matter. 

Mr. Dart. Thank you, Coimsel. 

Mr. Chairman, I would just advise the chairman and the com- 
mittee that an order was entered in the Federal district court, North- 
ern District of Illinois, called a "protective order," requiring the Chi- 
cago Police Department to submit certain intelligence documents to a 
magistrate in the court, in original fomi and extricated form. The 
magistrate then will determine whether or not the extricated form is 
acceptable, and then it will be returned to the judge of the court and 
given to the plaintiff for discovery purposes. 

The reason I advise the chairman and the committee of this is that 
we wish to guard the confidentiality of the records, of the informants, 
possible informants, interested persons, and the constitutional rights 
of all other individuals. 

I would also advise the chairman that the subpena called for all of 
our records. We have voluminous records, and it is physically im- 
possible to bring copies of all the records here today. I have with me 
two extricated packets which we intend to submit "to the magistrate. 
I will turn them over to the committee today, and will ask counsel to 
stipulate that we be permitted to send additional records to the com- 
mittee as we turn them over to the court, simultaneously. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Mr. Chairman, I would respectfully submit that 
counsel cannot stipulate in any way binding the committee without 
the action of the committee. 

I think Mr. Dart and the witnesses should know that while this is an 
executive session, and confidentiality will be preserved unless the 
committee orders otherwise, this committee cannot bind its subse- 
quent action. There might be a change in membership, and the com- 
mittee will have the right to open this record, or any portion of it for 
the public. 



44 

We haven't had any complaints about premature publication in 20- 
odd years of activity, but this is a technical situation you are entitled 
to know about. 

As to the stipulation, I don't believe this committee should waive 
any of its rights to this material. I am confident that the Chicago Police 
Department will do its very best to comply as speedily as it can. But 
I don't believe the committee should aeree, or purport to bind itself, 
even temporarily, or to waive any of its rio;hts. The committee has 
the riffht to this material. The committee need not be subjugated to 
the court. The committee's right stems from its own independent 
power as a coordinate branch of the Government of the ITnited States. 

And while I don't think there will ever be any quarrel between the 
committee and the Chicago Police Department about compliance to this 
subpena, I think a stipulation such as suggested by counsel would be 
a very bad precedent and much to be frowned on by the Senate. 

Unless counsel wishes to press the point, I am satisfied with that 
statement for the record. 

Mr. Dart. Mr. Chairman, at this time I would submit the two 
packets — Exhibits 1 and 2 — and turn them over to the committee at 
this time. As counsel stated, we will certainly try to conform with the 
request of the committee and submit additional records as we can. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Just as a matter of technicality, why don't you lay 
them over in front of the Superintendent, we will let the Superin- 
tendent offer them. He is a witness here, and technically counsel is 
not. 

[At this point Mr. Dart gave the packets to Mr. Rochford, who 
handed them to Senator Thurmond.] 

Senator Thurmond. They will be received and retained in the files 
of the subcommittee. 

Mr. SoFRwixE. I think we should perhaps have one more, or two 
more questions. In what court is this proceeding? 

Mr. Dart. In the northern district of Illinois, the Federal district 
court. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The Federal District Court for the Northern District 
of Illinois. 

Mr. Dart. That is correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. I have no more questions of counsel. 

Mr. Dart. I have one further thing, counsel, that I wish to request 
of the committee, and that would be that we be permitted to examine 
the record when the record is completed, before it be made public, 
in order that we might, again, examine it for any errors and any pos- 
sible need for deletion of the names of persons. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Chairman, may I state for the record, responsive 
to counsel's request, that of course in accordance with committee proce- 
dure and witnesses will have an opportunity to examine their testi- 
mony and correct it as soon as possible after the transcript is available 
to this committee. 

The request made by counsel suggested deletion, or changes of sub- 
stance they feel are necessary to make the testimony read true. On the 
other hand, it is the committee which has the authority to permit a 
deletion, and ordinarily wide latitude is granted to a witness because 
the effort is to make the testimony wholly his and wholly true. But 

Senator Thurmond. Especially if there are informants involved 
whose lives might be jeopardized. 



45 

Mr. SouKwiNE. The chairman has touched on a very important point. 
The committee lias no desire to probe into wlio are the informants 
of the Cliicago Police Department, and I will try to avoid asking any 
such questions, i presume the witnesses will be well enough informed 
that if we touch on an area like that, they can warn us, and then the 
chairman can rule on it. 

Senator Thurmond, ^^^ell, this is very much like the FBI informants, 
if you reveal an informant, then you jeopardize not only the inform- 
ant, but you jeopardize the FBI getting informants to help them in the 
future ; I imagine this is the same way. So, I am sure steps will have lo 
be taken to protect the informants. 

Mr. SouRwixE. And the same is true with regard to particular in- 
formation that is revealed because of the fact that revealing certain 
information will reveal the informant. He will know he was the only 
person who provided the information. 

Senator Thurmond. All right, with that information available, I 
guess we are ready now to proceed with the testimony. 

Mr. Dart. I have nothing further. 

Mr. SouRW^iNE. Mr. Sochford? 

TESTIMONY OF JAMES M. ROCHFORD 

Mr. KocHFORD. Mr. Chairman, it is a pleasure to come before this 
subcommittee and to contribute anything to the U.S. Government in 
any way that we can. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. We would like to have you lay out the situation with 
which you are faced, the committee knows it generally, the Chair has 
painted the picture. Xow, you tell us about it in particular, what are 
you up against? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Well, as I said before, the Chicago Police Depart- 
ment welcomes an}^ official review, investigation, or criticism of our 
operations because we continually struggle to improve our efficiency 
and our professionalism. 

Recently the public has been badly misinformed about our opera- 
tion. We take pride in our law enforcement record. Chicago is one of 
the few major urban areas which has not been victimized by terrorist 
activities, such as bombings, arsons, and riots until a few weeks ago 
when two bombs were exploded in our downtown section; and I am 
optimistic that we Avill solve that crime. 

We have been able to control and cope with potential disruptions 
and potential mob violence which could cause great harm to our city 
and hami to our property. 

The public should be relieved to know that they have been somewhat 
free from terrorist activities and harm by disruptive groups who in- 
tend to cause disorder, confusion and loss of confidence in our 
Government. 

Every major law enforcement department in our Nation recognizes 
the need for effective intelligence gathering. Police planning to control 
large demonstrations, whether peaceful or disruptive requires the de- 
partment to have certain accurate information concerning leadership, 
size of crowd, intent of the group, whether counter demonstrations are 
expected, and so on. 

Three months ago 29 major city police administrators met in New 
Orleans, and all were in agreement about the necessity for police intel- 



46 

ligence gathering to prevent disorder and violence. The National Ad- 
visory Commission on Civil Disordei-s recommended police intelligence 
units to gather, analyze and disseminate information on potential, as 
well as actual disorders. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Excuse the intervention. When you correct your 
testimony, could you insert, with the chairman's permission, a list of 
the 29 PD's which met; might that be in order? 

Senator Thurmond. Without objection, so ordered. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

Twenty Nine Police Agencies Represented at New Orleans Meeting 

Baltimore, Maryland Police Department, Commissioner Donald D. Pomerleau. 

Boston, Massachusetts Police Department, Commissioner Robert di Grazia. 

Buffalo, New York Police Department, Commissioner Thomas R. Blair. 

Chicago, Illinois Police Department, Deputy Superintendent John E. 
Killackey. 

Cincinnati, Ohio Police Department, Chief Carl V. Goodin. 

Cleveland, Ohio Police Department, Chief Gerald J. Rademaker. 

Columbus, Ohio Police Department, Chief Earl Burden. .Jr. 

Dallas, Texas Police Department, Chief Donald A. Byrd. 

Denver, Colorado Police Department, Chief Arthur G. Dill. 

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Special Agent Thomas J. Jenkins (Represent- 
ing Director Clarence Kelley). 

Honolulu, Hawaii Police Department, Chief Francis A. Keala. 

Indianapolis, Indiana Police Department, Chief Kenneth B. Hale. 

Jacksonville, Florida Sheriff's Office, Sheriff Dale Carson. 

Kansas City, Missouri Police Department, Chief Joseph D. McNamara. 

Los Angeles, California Police Department, Chief Edward M. Davis. 

Los Angeles County. California Sheriff's Office, Sheriff Peter J. Pitchess. 

Memphis, Tennessee Police Department. Chief W. O. Crumpy. 

Miami Beach, Florida Police Department, Chief Rocky Pomerance, President 
I.A.C.P. 

Minneapolis, Minnesota Police Department, Chief John R. Jensen. 

New Orleans, Louisiana Police Department, Superintendent Clarence E. 
Giarrusso. 

New York City Police Department, Commissioner Michael J. Codd. 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Police Department. Commissioner Joseph O'Neill. 

Phoenix, Arizona Police Department, Chief Lawrence M. Wetzel. 

St. Louis, Missouri Police Department, Colonel Eugene J. Camp. 

San Antonio. Texas Police Department, Chief Emil E. Peters. 

San Diego, California Police Department, Chief Raymond L. Hoobler. 

San Francisco, California Police Department, Chief Donald M. Scott. 

San Jose, California Police Department, Chief Robert B. Murphy. 

Seattle, Washington Police Department, Chief R. L. Hanson. 

Mr. RocHFORD. The National Advisory Commission on Civil Dis- 
orders recommended police intelligence units to gather, analyze, and 
disseminate information on potential, as well as actual disorders. 

The police have every right to gather and keep revolutionary in- 
tellio^ence material, as well as criminal information. In fact because 
of the great potential for public harm, the police have a higher obli- 
gation to properly obtain and use intelligence information to pre- 
serve the peace, and to prevent terrorism within our society, than to 
deal with lesser forms of crimes which affect only an individual. 

All our law-abiding citizens should be proud that we have an in- 
telligence division, Chicago was one of the Nation's few major cities 
which has not felt the rap of terrorist attack during the past few 
years. The intelligence function has enabled us to arrest numerous 
individuals for a variety of criminal activities. They have furnished 
us information which has enabled us to seize machine guns, dyna- 



47 

mite, and blastino; caps. It has enabled us to prevent kidnappinijs and 
threatened assassinations, and to take measures to prohibit potential 
major disturbances. 

The importance of the intelligence division was recognized by a 
special Cook County Grand Jury investigating the Students for a 
Democratic Society during the days of rage, who on November IT, 
1969, issued a statement saying — and I quote from their report : 

We observed the splendid work done by the undercover men of the police de- 
partment, and further realize and appreciate the great danger these dedicated 
men and their families have been faced with for many mouths, and in some 
cases years, both day and night. It is recommended that law enforcement agencies 
in other communities need the necessary funds in order to resort to this effective 
manner of obtaining information relative to this subject. 

Investigations in the Security Unit are conducted relative to indi- 
viduals and activities which may threaten danger to the peace and 
security of the city and its populace ; or, who may have indicated an 
intention to engage in activities which may cause harm to the city and 
its populace, including the following : 

1. Military, revolutionist, and terrorist organizations; 

2. Disruptive demonstrations requiring police manpower to exer- 
cise both crowd and traffic control ; 

3. Acts and threats of violence or disruption directed at people and 
at buildings ; 

4. Groups who have demonstrated a history of disruptive acts, who 
function in the periphery of disorder by creating pressure situations. 

Keeping in mind, while this is the purpose of the unit, much of the 
information gathered is raw intelligence which consists of hearsay, 
rumor, and suspicion, and needs much careful analysis and verification. 

As a consequence our files have always been kept confidential and 
must remain in that category. We do not have dossiers, investigations, 
or personal files on distinguished persons and others mentioned re- 
cently in the press, only references. I think that someone owes respected 
citizens an apology for releasing their names to the press. The infor- 
mation could only be obtained, in my judgment, improperly, through 
material turned over for pending litigation and has violated our con- 
fidentiality. Trial through the press is dangerous and damaging to 
everyone. 

The U.S. Department of Justice, through the Law Enforcement 
Assistance Administration and the National Institute of Law Enforce- 
ment and Criminal Justice as recently as June 1973, issued a report 
with guidelines for the chiefs of police on the prevention and control 
of collective violence, and in a pertinent place emphasized the im- 
portance of intelligence operations to identify potential urban prob- 
lems in advance of any actual violent outbursts. They suggest exactly 
what we are doing to prevent and control violence. 

There are more than 2,000 community organizations listed in the 
telephone book as operating in Chicago, and I am sure a lot more 
actually exist ; fewer than 50 of these organizations warrant any police 
attention because of their activities, that is less than 21/^ percent. Less 
than 200 individuals out of the more than 3 million-plus population 
are the subject of police intelligence investigations and dossiers. 

Most of the names recently made public in our city were not and 
have not been the subject of any intelligence investigations. There were 
never personal dossiers on more than 100 individuals, and at most the 



48 

names you read, or were led to believe were subject of investigations 
are actually references in our files. 

The policy of the intelligence division in placing individuals under 
surveillance is a judgment decision, usually the result of an initial com- 
plaint alleging some activity which might cause the police department 
to respond. The intelligence division has a policy requiring them to 
function within the framework of established guidelines designed to 
reflect current legal and judicial decisions, and the protection of the 
constitutional rights of all persons. These are the rules and we abide 
by them. 

Those gathering information are assigned to collect reliable, useful, 
and important information concerning specific persons or activities, 
pursuant to the successful conclusion of investigations. The interest of 
the intelligence division is not directed at elected or appointed public 
officials, nor is the political belief or preference of any individual or 
group per se of concern to the intelligence division, unless the group 
or the individual fall within the provisions set forth previously. Other 
byproduct information is not collected purposely, only in refer- 
ence 

Mr. SouRwiNE. May I interrupt, sir ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Certainly. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That is a two-way street, isn't it. In this sense, you 
are saying you don't go after anybody because of who he is, or the 
office he holds, or the company he keeps — if I understand you cor- 
rectly — or his political affiliation. But, by the same token, isn't it 
equally true that you don't lay off anybody for any of those reasons ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. If you are investigating a conspiracy and you find 
a councilman in it, you go right ahead and investigate, don't you? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's true. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And if you are investigating a plan for violence and 
it turns out to involve a member of a ministerial association, you 
wouldn't lay off either him or the investigation ; you would treat him 
like anybody else. 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's absolutely true. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And violence is violence, whether you call it violent 
demonstration, violent protest, or just plain violent; isn't it? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Please, go ahead. 

Mr. RociiFORD. The distinction I wish to make is that we do not have 
political targets, religious targets, or racial targets per se. If the per- 
son, however, happens to be involved in conduct that is detrimental 
to our Government, Ave would not back away from that individual. 

]Mr. SoFRwiNE. What you are saying may perhaps be summed up in 
a cliche, but still very, very true, you are pursuing your duty without 
fear or favor. 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Please, go ahead. 

Mr. RociiFORD. You have the ability to put it very well, thank you. 

Sometimes the undercover efforts are brought to the attention of the 
public, sometimes they are not. Recently one of our undercover men was 
iDadly beaten when his identity was discovered. In the more distant 
past undercover infiltration by one intelligence officer of the Klu Klux 
Klan resulted in the arrest of a number of individuals and the seizure 



49 

of weapons. On a regular basis people are injured by some groups who 
profess to be political activists, but in reality care little about any- 
thing other than getting their own w^ay. If their demands are not met, 
they create disorder. 

Xo one likes to be checked or monitored. However, we have an obli- 
gation to protect citizens and their property from disruption, violence, 
harm, and destruction. We intend to fulfill our obligation to the law- 
abiding citizens of our city. 

The files of every newspaper, their morgue files, keep information on 
prominent citizens and important events. Is that classified as spying? 
Is it proper for the news media to be able to obtain and pass informa- 
tion about individual acts, and the police department to be prevented 
from doing so ? 

Never have there been any instances, or any information from our 
intelliofence files that has been used to embarass or humiliate anv indi- 
vidual, or to deal with his moral conduct. Xever has the Chicago Police 
Department collected information solely for religious, racial, or politi- 
cal reasons. Intelligence data always w^as used to keep the peace, pro- 
tect the citizens from violence and disorder. 

The information was always confidential, but now some other parties 
have seen fit not only to disclose the information, but to slant and 
misconstrue the truth, and thereby impugn reputations. 

We do not practice a policy of illegal spying, illegal monitoring, or 
illegal eavesdropping. Since I have become superintendent there has 
been a total review and analysis of all recorded data, and steps have 
been taken to expunge extraneous, irrelevant information from our 
files. Last year we destroyed tons of outdated material and records. 
That policy will continue after pending litigation is resolved. 

Our total intelligence effort has been and will continue to be di- 
rected at the prevention aspect of violence, rather than at the enforce- 
ment aspect. Not only do I have a primary responsibility and obliga- 
tion to the citizens of our city, I also have a responsibility to the brave 
men of the department who have undertaken a very courageous, 
dangerous and difficult task in the turbulent days of the past. 

I cannot and will not abandon my responsibility to them, and I will 
not turn my back on the law-abiding community. I will continue to 
closely monitor persons and organizations with a variety of legal 
strategies who I feel are operating contrary to law^ and to the best 
interests of our country. 

New, strict, and more stringent guidelines are being updated and 
developed, and I will personally designate and be responsible for all 
infiltrations by our department in the future. 

We have, and will continue to have, a cooperative arrangement, as 
indicated earlier, with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, consistent 
with the guidelines that I previously stated. 

Thank you Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. Thank you. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Mr. Chairman, may I ask a few questions? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I respectfully submit that you are probably not 
aware of it, but like most people — including counsel, of course — you 
have semantic hob-goblins. You don't fear the word "monitoring," but 
you back off from the word "spying." 



50 

Isn't it true, that whatever you call it, surveillance is surveillance ? 
Whatever you may choose to call it, preventive intelligence involves 
gathering information about who is going to do what, or is likely to, 
that will affect the public safety ? 

If it is necessary as a part of police procedure to follow somebody, he 
should be followed. If it is necessary as a part of police procedure to 
keep records, the records should be kept. 

In sum, isn't it true that the words that are applied may have good 
or bad relations connotations, but the real question is what's done, and 
the necessity for doing it? 

Mr. RocHTORD. Well, I think we are in agreement. I think a police 
administrator is always interested in his department's image. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Of course. 

Mr. RocHFORD. And the word "spying" is repugnant. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. I'm not criticizing, it is; and that's why everybody 
who attacks the police department chooses "spying" and other un- 
delightful words that he can think of. 

But a man in his personal rights doesn't have any right to foment 
against public order; he doesn't have any right to plan terror; he 
doesn't have any right to plan violence ; he doesn't have any right to 
plan to rob a bank, or to commit a murder, or to kidnap, or to violate 
in any other way the laws of the community ; isn't that true ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And it's the job of the police to prevent this, to find 
out who has committed the crime when it has been committed. If the 
police limit themselves entirely to an attempt to arrest violators of the 
laws after laws have been violated, what would happen to the crime 
rate in Chicago? 

Mr. RocHFORD. We would just be unable to handle it. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Can you think of any category of crime that would 
not increase? 

Mr. RocHFORD. No. We would completely lose control. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Now, police work requires investigation, you made 
that clear. I think anybody will admit that. Now, an investigation re- 
quires the keeping of records, doesn't it? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Yes, it does. 

Mr. SouR;wiNE. You couldn't permit on your staff an investigator 
who committed everything to memory, and didn't have any files, and 
didn't record it in writing. 

Mr. RocHFORD. It would be impossible. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Of course. Now, if you are going to keep files, the 
files have to include whatever the investigator finds. And you have a 
process of evaluation which constantly sifts, and sorts, and picks ; isn't 
that true ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That is correct. 

Mr. SouRWTNE. But without the files it can't function. You have to 
have an intelligence unit, isn't that true? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SoTJRWiNE. The unit has to conduct investigations: investiga- 
tions have to be reduced to files, it's that simple. Without files a police 
department can't function. Isn't that true ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SoTTRWTNE. Are your investigative files available to you now ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. They are. 



51 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And men working in your department on cases have 
access, full, free access to these files ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. There is full access to me, there is a limitation to 
the men. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How many men do you have at the Chicago Police 
Department, within 20, or 30 ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. 13,000 this morning. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How many of these men are concerned with intelli- 
gence work ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Directly? They are all concerned in a related way. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. All right. Now, what I'm trying to get at, you can't 
do the work of all these people, all the people who are involved in in- 
telligence in particidar areas ; can you ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. No. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. So that for practical purposes at the present time 
some of your intelligence files at least are not available for free use 
to the department. 

Mr. RocHFORD. That's correct. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Doesn't that hamper the work of the department? 

Mr. RocHFORD. It puts certain restrictions on it. 

Mr. SouRwaxE. How long has that been going on ? 

Mr. RocHFORD. Approximately 2 months. 

Mr. SouRwixE. How long do you think it can go on before it be- 
comes a serious hampering influence on the activities of the depart- 
ment? 

Mr. RocHFORD. It is certainly a very restrictive influence at the 
present time. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. I'm not going to belabor the point, sir, I am not try- 
ing to get you to say something that you are going to regret ; I am just 
trying to get the facts out here so that people will understand what the 
police department is up against because you are not alone, there are 
many other police departments in similar shape. The committee, I 
hope, will be able, through this series of hearings, to make a record 
with respect to the nature of the whole problem. 

Mr. Chairman, I have no more questions of the superintendent. I 
think it might be desirable if he were here for the testimony of other 
witnesses, but we are informed the President will be in Chicago today, 
and he wants to dash right back to Chicago. May he have permission 
to go? 

Senator Thurmond. If there are no more questions, Mr. Superin- 
tendent, we will excuse you; and I again express our appreciation to 
you for coming. 

Mr. RocHFORD. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. If it is consistent with 
what you said, I would prefer to wait for the deputy to return with 
me. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You may leave any time you have to. 
Senator Thurmoxd. Do you want to take the Deputy next, then? 
Mr. SouRwiNE. Yes, sir. May we go off the record for just a 
moment? 

Senator Thurmojstd. Yes. 

[Discussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmond. Back on the record. 



52 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Mr. Ware, the superintendent has laid out the situa- 
tion for us in general, can you expand it for us, is there more we 
should know in this area ? 

TESTIMONY OF MITCHELL WARE 

Mr. Ware. Yes, there is, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. If you will tell us just what your problem is. 

Mr. Ware. I had a prepared statement that the superintendent indi- 
cated I should probably read into the record, also. It would go into 
greater detail than the superintendent's because I have the direct re- 
sponsibility for cariying out the policies. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. May i go off the record ? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

[Discussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmond. You may proceed, Mr. Ware. 

Mr. Ware. The Chicago Police Department has the responsibility for 
the safety of the occupants of the second largest city in the United 
States, Avith a total population of more than 

Senator Thurmond. Come in. Senator Scott, come around up here 
by me. Senator Scott, this is the superintendent and deputy superin- 
tendent of police in Chicago. 

[Discussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmond. We are glad to have you with us. Senator Scott. 
Go right ahead. He was just beginning his statement. 

INIr. Ware. The Chicago Police Department has the responsibility for 
the safety of the occupants of the second largest city in the United 
States Avith a total population of more than 3iy4 million people. In 
order to meet our responsibility we have nearly 13,000 sworn officers 
presently operating. 

One of the uni<"s which has been found to be of extreme importance 
and recently subi'ected to considerable handicap in performing its 
sworn responsibilities in the security unit of the intelligence division, 
which comes in my bureau as I carry out the policies of the superin- 
tendent. 

It is and has been our policy to conduct criminal investigations and 
as a preventive measure. We conduct intelligence investigations rela- 
tiA^e to individuals and activities which may present a danger to the 
neace and security of the city ; or who may have indicated an intention 
to engage in activities which might cause harm to our city. 

The superintendent has already given you the general policy guide- 
lines. 

The area of police intelliffence is one which is most difficult and ex- 
tremely sensitive. No one likes to be investigated, no one likes to be 
placed under sun-eillance, whether they are murders, terrorists, bomb- 
ers, robbers, or ordinary law-abiding citizens. Unfortunately we are 
unable, in intelligence, to look at a person and separate the lawless 
from those who are law-abiding. But, we have an overriding responsi- 
bility to attempt to prevent the lawless person from infringing on 
the rights of the law abiding. The task becomes even more complex 
when political activists are involved. They always say they are espous- 
ing a political cause and their activity is political rather than 
disruptive. 



53 

As we carry out our responsibilities and reco^ize the complexities 
we see, as a practical matter, that most of the individuals who belong 
to organizations which do cause police problems, and many friends and 
associates who are allies of persons who seek to cause police trouble, 
are themselves law abiding. But frequently those who are sincerely 
interested in resolving community problems will be taken advantage 
of and manipulated, and led into activities by others who have a 
strateg}^ which causes our intelligence division to become concerned in 
our efforts to protect the rest of society. Most of the time these threats 
of disorder, threats of disruptive activity will subside and scrutiny 
will end. Sometimes it does not. Sometimes these formerly law-abiding 
citizens will join with persons who plan and create disruptive prob- 
lems, and help them to create disorder, which again requires our atten- 
tion. A number of such groups exist in Chicago. 

In an investigative agency of any type, where there are threats 
of activity which can cause harm, or chaos, we have the responsibility 
to identify those individuals, or we would be remiss in our duties. We 
must stay within the confines of the law, and the policies of our units 
and the Chicago Police Department always complies with those man- 
dates. But it would be tragic for us to abdicate our responsibilities and 
permit these activities to occur, which can affect the public adversely. 
Our department recognizes that special care and extreme precau- 
tion must be taken in our area of intelligence gathering. Nowhere 
else in the department is there more need for sensitive judgment de- 
cisions, nor for respect for individual privacy, and nowhere else is it 
less demanded — ^maybe I should cut this down and shorten it up quite 
a bit. Senator, you want to get to the meat of it. 

Senator Thurmond. That is your judgment. How many pages are 
there, how long is it ? 

Mr. Ware. Two more pages. 

Senator Thurmond. Well, you go ahead, take the time and read it. 
Mr. Ware. Most of the organizations which call themselves political 
activists groups and require police intelligence scrutiny, border on the 
fringe of legitimacy. They seldom remove themselves from this pos- 
ture, but either stimulate other organizations to engage in conduct 
which can cause police problems, or do so themselves. When a political 
philosophy encourages disruptive activitiy, when an individual or a 
group constantly preaches and teaches disruption, then, regardless of 
their philosophy, it appears to me that law enforcement officers have 
an obligation to act. 

In contrast to reactive police work, which most commonly occurs 
after a crime has been committed, the intelligence division must ex- 
ercise crime prevention. We seek to anticipate and prevent crime be- 
fore it occurs in order to protect our citizens from becoming victims, or 
from the fear of becoming victims. 

By analyzing activities which have occurred in the past, and by 
keeping abreast of present activities of those who have indicated their 
propensity for disruptive activity, reasonable projections can be made 
by an intelligence analyst, which m.ay permit us to anticipate criminal 
activity, or disruptive problems and take steps to prevent them. This is 
consistent with the philosophy of every major department in our 
country. 

Our intelligence function is broad. It has been the source of infor- 
mation leading to many criminal arrests, and the prevention of many 
serious criminal acts. 

60-030 O - 75 - 2 



54 

Intelligence data has always been utilized to apprehend murderers 
and so forth. It has been determined since the disruptive days of the 
1960's, that it was critical to our efforts to protect the public from 
hazardous situations and terrorist problems. The public does not ques- 
tion the propriety of gathering information as a means of monitoring 
typically unlawful activities, nor of individuals allegedly involved in 
organized crime. However, some persons without full knowledge of 
all the facts seem to take strong offense and strong countermeasures 
to prevent our collection of intormation which relates to unlawful 
disruption of order. 

Mr. SoTJRWiNE. Isn't the conspiracy to disrupt public order, to create 
violence in the streets, or even go beyond that, just as typically a crimi- 
nal activity as any other ? 

Mr. Ware. Yes. We have the problem. They have brought some cases 
to court, as you are aware. Defendants have been charged with these 
offenses, and we have been very unsuccessful in our prosecutions ; per- 
haps that is one reason for it. 

But the public, we find, does not seem to want us to use the same 
type of strong prevention methods in that area. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. A^Tien you say "they" brought some cases to court, 
who do you mean by "they," the public prosecutorial authorities? 

Mr. Ware. The U.S. attorney right in Chicago brought some con- 
spiracy cases, as you know. 

Mr. SoTJRWiNE. Do you know why the cases went awry? 

Mr. Ware. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I mean, from the standpoint of the police depart- 
ment, don't you have just as much an obligation to prevent violence 
when it is planned by a so-called political group as you would have 
prevention plans against violence involving the Mafia, or organized 
crime of any kind? 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir; we recognize that responsibility. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. OK. 

Mr. Ware. We recognize that responsibility, so does the public rec- 
ognize our responsibility to prevent disorder ; but the means to obtain 
the identity of one who has the potential for this type of harm is fre- 
quently resisted. 

I hope my remarks have helped to place our dilemma before you in 
some measure, and furnished you with some type of idea of the type of 
problems which have been heaped upon us, in addition to our regular 
duties of attempting to solve and prevent crimes. 

We do not encourage dissent, nor do we discourage dissent; we do 
not encourage political activists, nor do we discourage political activ- 
ists, our main function is to protect the public. In order to do that 
effectively, we know, we must have good intelliffence. We know that, so 
do the people who don't want us to have good intelligence, and don't 
want us to prevent harm, disorder, and chaos. If they can effectively 
diminish and destroy our intelligence capability we will undoubtedly 
find ourselves imable to cope with disruption and mob violence before 
thev occur in the manner we have in the past. 

T thank vou for your indulgence. 

Mr. Chairman the superintendent is waitino- forme 

Senator Thurmond. ISfay I iust ask you this question. You spoke 
about conspiracy cases brought by the district attorney's office in 
Chicago ? 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir. 



55 

Senator Thurmond. Would you elaborate a little bit on that. 

Senator Scott. Now, was that the U.S. district attorney ? 

Mr. AVare. It was the former U.S. district attorney for the Northern 
District of Illinois. 

Senator Scott. You are talking about Federal action. 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir ; the Conspiracy Seven involved a fellow named 
Thomas Hayden. 

Senator Thurmond. And how does that affect your police depart- 
ment, did you say ? 

Mr. Ware. We had an undercover officer who had infiltrated the 
group and was one of the main witnesses, one of our intelligence men ; 
he filled in as a witness in the trial, along with much of our other 
testimony. 

Senator Thurmond. In other words, you cooperated with the system, 
the U.S. attorney's office in that matter. 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. And there was criticism of that on the part of 
some ? 

Mr. Ware. Considerable criticism concerning the entire Conspiracy 
Seven trial. They attempted, in certain areas, to make them heroes in 
their efforts to disrupt the activities that were conducted in Chicago. 

Senator Thurmond. Senator Scott, do you have any questions? 

Senator Scott. Mr. Chairman, is this part of the — and I'm not 
familiar with the details — but as I recall. Congress did pass an act, 
the Safe Streets Act. There was a provision there that if people 
traveled from one part of the country, traveled in interstate commerce, 
for the purpose or with the intention of committing some act of vio- 
lence, they were found with various kinds of explosives on them, that 
this was a Federal offense. Is this the type of thing you are talking 
about, some sort of conspiracy to act in violence ? 

Senator Thurmond. I think I might answer that. I happened to 
offer the amendment in the Senate that said if they go from one State 
to another with the idea of committing a crime, the travel is an offense. 

Senator Scott. That is the law today. And this action, you feel, was 
brought under that ? 

Senator Thurmond. The seven were brought to trial under that 
section. That's correct, isn't it? 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir. 

Senator Scott. Well, would you suggest any amendments to this 
act ? This act, is it a question of it being written in a satisfactory way, 
but the public somehow not being willing to accept this ? You said the 
prosecution was not successful. I'm just wondering, is there any re- 
medial legislation, or is it something beyond the legislative field ? 

Senator Thurmond. In other words, do you have any recommenda- 
tions to make to amend the law, or change it. I remember, when we 
offered it I first offered it stronger, there was objection and I had to 
modify it to get it through. I would have preferred for it to have been 
stronger, but at any rate, we couldn't get it through at that time. 

Do you have any suggestions about this particular law? 

Mr. Ware. I think the law itself. Senator, from what I know about 
the law, would have effectively enabled some prosecutions of these 
individuals to occur. But what we find, the prosecutors are reluctant to 
bring actions under that because they might feel it is too severe ; they 
might feel they are infringing upon the rights of people to dissent 
because sometimes we find a group which will deliberately violate cer- 



56 

tain statutes, violate certain ordinances — small things, like marching 
where they are not supposed to march, or having an unlawful demon- 
stration, which could, conceivably, fall within the confines of that 
statute. They are very reluctant to prosecute on things that are that 
trivial. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Was the Conspiracy Seven case dismissed by the 
court, or was there a jury aquittal ? 

Mr. Ware. If I remember correctly, there was a conviction, initially, 
on that, and then it was reversed. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Reversed by the appellate court ? 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know the grounds for the reversal? 

Mr. Ware. I'm not sure. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Chairman, may I ask for an order that a brief 
summary of the legal situation of that case be put in the record at this 
point ? 

Senator Thurmond. Without objection, that will be done. 

Mr. Sourwine. Thank you, sir. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

The Chicago 7 contempt case started when the seven original defendants and 
two of their attorneys were judged guilty of contempt by Judge Hoffman at the 
close of the original trial. These convictions were later reversed by the Court of 
Appeals on May 11, 1972, in a decision reported at 461 F.2d 389 (7th Cir. 1972). 
(On November 21, 1972, the Court of Appeals also reversed the convictions on 
the substantive counts, 472 F.2d 340 (7th Cir. 1972) and the Supreme Court de- 
nied certiorari on March 5, 1973, 410 U.S. 970 (1973). Later, the Government 
elected not to retry the defendants on the substantive counts) . 

On remand, the Government elected to try 52 of the 141 contempt specifications 
before a district judge designated by the Chief Justice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 
§ 292, Judge Gignoux. At the close of the Government's case the Court acquitted 
defendants John Froines and Lee Weiner and dismissed a number of contempt 
specifications in an unreported decision dated November 6, 1973. At the close 
of all evidence, defendants Leonard Weinglass, Rennard Davis and Thomas Hay- 
den were acquitted, and defendants David Dellinger, Abbott Hoffman, Jerry 
Rubin and William Kunstler were found guilty of contempt in certain instances. 
Judge Gignoux decided not to impose any further fine or sentence in his December 
6, 1973 decision, 370 F. Supp. 1304 (N.D. 111. 1973). The four defendants appealed 
and the Court of Appeals afiirmed the convictions. .502 F.2d 813 (7th Cir. 1974). 
The Supreme Court denied certiorari on March 24, 1975. That opinion has not 
been reported as yet. 

Senator Thurmond. Off the record. 

["Discussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmond. Any other questions by anyone ? 

Mr. Sourwine. I have no questions, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. Thank you, gentlemen. Are you ready to leave 
now? 

Mr. Sourwine. May I ask one question, Mr. Chairman? I under- 
stand the importance of the gentlemen getting back to Chicago. Are 
there still witnesses here who are going to get down to chapter and 
verse, who is trying to do it to you, and what they are trying to do 
to you ? 

Mr. Ware. Yes, sir, the operational personnel on the street. 

Mr. Sourwine. Thank you. 

Senator Thurmond. We will take the next witness now, have a seat; 
you have been sworn. 

Mr. Sourwine. Are you going to testify next, Mr. Dorneker, or is 
Mr. Cushing going to testify next ? 

Mr. Dorneker. I believe I will. 



57 

Senator Thurmond. Would you tell us your position with the police 
department ? 

TESTIMONY OF EUGENE DORNEKER 

ISIr. DoRNEKER. My position, I am the investigator assigned to the 
security section, Intelligence Division of the Chicago Police 
Department. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How many investigators of similar rank, or author- 
ity, are there in the department ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. In the security section there are probably 20 
investigators. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You just said you were "the" investigator. You 
are one of the department's investigators, and this particular matter 
of harassment of the police department is your responsibility. Eight? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. You may proceed, unless counsel has some 
questions. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That is all I have, the witness may proceed, Mr. 
Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. All right, you may proceed. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. The main target or organization I am assigned 
to is the Alliance to End Repression. And in conducting the investi- 
gation concerning the Alliance to End Repression, certain informa- 
tion has come to me and it appears that the Alliance to End Repres- 
sion is a Communist front organization. 

A Communist front organization would be an organization or publi- 
cation which is created, or taken over by Communists to do the party's 
work. Because subterfuge often makes it difficult to recognize its true 
nature the Communist front has become an important weapon of 
communism in this country. The Communist front, for example, 
camouflages its true purposes behind such moral and human appeals 
as peace and civil rights, while serving the aims of the Communist 
Party and the Soviet Union. 

I have prepared a paper here which outlines some of the informa- 
tion that I have compiled, concerning the formation of the Alliance 
to End Repression, which I would like to submit to you, Mr. 
Chairman. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. May that be received ? 

Senator Thurmond. Without objection, we will include it in the 
record. 

[The material will be found in the appendix at p. 143.] 

Mr. Dorneker. Thank you. 

The Alliance to End Repression had its beginning through efforts 
of an organization called the National Committee Against Repressive 
Legislation. This committee also advertises the fact that it was for- 
merly known as the National Committee to Abolish the House Un- 
American Activities Commission, and the House Internal Security 
Committee. 

Mr. Sourwine. That was the House Un-American Activities 
Committee ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. This Communist front organization, the Na- 
tional Committee Against Repressive Legislation has been cited dur- 
ing House hearings as being a Communist front organization. 

Mr. Sourwine. Was it ever considered by the Subversive Activities 
Control Board? 



58 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I don't have that information right now, sir. 

As a member group of this National Committee to End Repressive 
Legislation, there is a group in Chicago, called the Chicago Committee 
to Defend the Bill of Rights, which is the midwest regional office of 
the national committee. Its head is Richard Criley, who is the execu- 
tive director of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 
In publications given out by the Chicago Committee to Defend the 
Bill of Rights, Richard Criley is quoted as saying : 

As one of the organizations which helped create the Alliance, we believe that 
its tremendous promise must not be jeopardized by critical if temporary lack 
of funds. 

Several other persons who are holding offices with the Chicago 
Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights also hold office with the 
Alliance to End Repression. Some of those persons include Richard 
Criley, who is the executive director of the Chicago Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights, and currently serves on the steering com- 
mittee of the Alliance to End Repression. He is also the head of the 
legislative task force for the Alliance to End Repression, which 
handles lobbying for national legislation, which is for the most part 
pointed at pro-Communist type activities. 

Milton Cohen has been identified by sworn testimony at House 
hearings as being a member of the Communist Party. He is the secre- 
tary of the Alliance to End Repression; he serves on the Steering 
Committee of the Alliance to End Repression. 

Mr. SoTJRwiNE. Tliat is the Alliance to End Repression. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Right. 

He is also on the letterhead stationery of the Chicago Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights as a member of the board of directors of 
the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 

Jesse Prosten has been identified in sworn testimony as a member of 
the Communist Party, has been a staff member of the Alliance to End 
Repression, and is listed on the Chicago Committee to Defend the 
Bill of Rights stationery as being a member of its board of directors. 

Borris Ross made application and was issued a passport to visit 
the U.S.S.R. on July 23, 1957. The application asked the question, 
"Have you ever been a member of the Communist Party." Ross an- 
swered, "Yes." 

Boris Ross is a member of the Alliance to End Repression. 

Richard Criley has been identified by numerous persons during 
sworn testimony as being a member of the Communist Party. Richard 
Criley invoked the fifth amendment numerous times during hearings 
concerning his alleged Communist activities. He has — Richard 
Criley — ^been associated with known Communists, and has been in- 
volved with numerous Communist front type organizations. 

Several other persons involved with the Alliance to End Repres- 
sion are associated with identified Communist front organizations. 

Francis J. McGrath has been listed as being a Steering Committee 
member of the Alliance to End Repression, a vice-chairperson of the 
Alliance to End Repression, and is also a member of the board of 
directors of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 

John Kearney has reported for the Alliance to End Repression 
Bail Task Force, and is also listed as a member of the Advisory Coun- 
cil of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 



59 

Mr. Chairman, I would like to siibmit to you a copy of an invitation 
to a reception on January 19, 1973, honoring Communist Party mem- 
ber Claude Lightfoot. This invitation contains a partial list of spon- 
sors, many of whom have been identified as members of the Communist 
Party. Among the sponsors the following Alliance to End Repression 
members were listed : Richard Criley, Rev. Martin Deppe and Father 
John Hill. 

[A copy of the invitation submitted by Mr. Domeker was not of 
reproduction quality, but contained the following information :] 

You are cordially invited to a reception and autographing set honoring Claude 
Lightfoot, presenting his new book, "Racism and Human Survival : Lessons of 
Nazi Germany for Today's World." Entertainment and Refreshments. Time : 
Friday, January 19, 1973. Reception : 7 :00 p.m. Program : 8 :00 p.m. Place : 
Midland Hotel. Cartoon on invitation shows wedge being driven through wrist of 
hand grasping for cringing persons in a corner. Ring on hand has illegible sym- 
bol, possibly swastika. Caption attributed to Lightfoot reads, "Racism and anti- 
communism as in the days of Adolph Hitler can still propel the world toward 
disaster." 

Claude Lightfoot Reception — January 19, 1973 

pabtiaii list of sponsors 

Lynda Appelhans, Margaret Appelhans, Arnold Becchetti, Leon Beverly, Rich- 
ard Criley, Reverend Martin Deppe, Ishmael Flory, Frances Gabow, Ben Green, 
Bill Hampton, Father John Bill, Mrs. Christine Johnson, Jack Kling, Attorney 
Max Maiman, Margaret Palmer, John Pappademos, Theodore Pearson, A. A. Ray- 
ner, Jr., Harold Rogers, Norman Roth, Attorney Irving Steinberg, Gil Terry, 
Robbylee Terry, Charles Wilson, and Sylvia Woods. 

(Copy of invitation may be found in the files of the subcommittee. ) 

The Daily World has been identified by the House Committee as 
being the official newspaper of the Communist Party U.S.A. News- 
paper articles are submitted with this report, one deals with, "Hun- 
dreds at Midwest Tribute to Gus Hall," among those present the article 
included the identification of, "Claude Lightfoot, Cochairman of the 
Communist Party Black Liberation Commission, and chairman of the 
Communist Party of Illinois." Also shown was, "Father John Hill, 
chairman of the Alliance to End Repression." 

Again, in October of 1971, the Daily World carried an article. 

Tribute to Patterson draws wide array. Sharing the head table with William 
Patterson and his wife were Ishmael Flory, master of ceremonies and chairman 
of the banquet committee ; Henry AVinston, chairman of the Communist Party ; 
Claude Lightfoot and Arnold Johnson, Communist Party leaders; Mrs. Sally 
Davis, mother of Angela Davis ; Pearl Hart, Civil Liberties attorney, and Rev- 
erend John Hill, chairman of the Alliance to End Repression ; Ernest DeMaio, 
director of District 11 of the United Electrical Workers ; Jack Klink, secretary 
of the Illinois Communist Party ; Lynn Stinnette, Illinois chairman of the Young 
Workers Liberation League, and Betty Smith and Tommy Dennis, who led dele- 
gations from Minnesota and Michigan respectively. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What's the significance of the inclusion of the name 
of Ernie DeMaio in the list of people ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. To the best of my recollection, Ernest DeMaio has 
been identified as a member of the Communist Party. But due to my 
inability to research all of our records in the city, I am not able to give 
you that information. 

[The information was provided later, and follows :] 

Ernest DeMaio was identified as being a Communist on July 25 1973, during 
hearings before the Committee on Internal Security, House of Representatives 
concerning Revolutionary Activities Directed Toward the Administration of Penal 
or Correctional Systems, part 4. 



60 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Why haven't you been able to research your records, 
haven't you got enough time ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, but all intelligence files are presently locked 
up, I do not have access to them. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. By whom, and where? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Some of them are in the vault in our premises. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You don't have access to them ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. No, sir. There is a uniformed police officer assigned 
to the safe, the safe is locked. There is a seal on the safe, and there is 
a police officer assigned to sit in front of the safe around the clock, and 
we are not allowed access. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. These are files that you prepared ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Some of them. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. They are investigatory files ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, my working files are there. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Are other investigators in a similar situation? 

Mr. DoRNEKJiR. Yes, sir; everyone assigned to our office. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How can you perform your function if you can't get 
at your files? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. At the present time we are not performing our 
function. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What do you have to do, attempt to reconstruct those 
files? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. They don't come along every night and take what 
you have done that day and lock it up, do they? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. No, but it's difficult to duplicate things that have 
gone by the wayside. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I understand. How long a time, and how many peo- 
ple were involved in the effort which resulted in the building up of the 
files that are now locked up, to which you are denied access? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Well, it would be the accumulation — some of the 
books and references I have are frOm previous committee hearings; 
leaflets and reports that were submitted by other officers years ago. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. It's years of work to which many people have con- 
tributed, correct? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. That's correct. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I presume your files might include testimony of 
Mr. Criley before this committee in 1956 and 1961, when he took the 
fifth amendment. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, I have that information in there also. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And he was refusing to answer questions about his 
membership in the Communist Party. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Correct. 

Senator Thurmond. Now, why are those files locked up and inac- 
cessible to you? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Mr. Chairman, to the best of my knowledge 

Senator Thurmond. Is there a court order? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Part of it is a court order, and part of it is by the 
direction of the superintendent. 

Senator Thurmond. Well, I mean, was a case brought by some dis- 
sidents, or people who are trying to prevent the police from accumulat- 
ing and using those files; or what was the purpose in putting them 



61 

under lock and key and making them inaccessible to the police 
department? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Well, it began with the Federal law suit that was 
filed by the Alliance to End Repression, against the intelligence divi- 
sion. Shortly after that the Alliance to End Repression attempted to 
get sympathy towards their case. The news media began a series of 
articles Mhich were slanted against us. 

Senator Thurmond. All the news media in Chicago, or just some 
of them ? 

INIr. DoRNEKER. I would have to say all of the news media in Chicago 
have carried adverse articles. These articles made accusations concern- 
ing our conduct, and allegations of things we were supposed to have 
done. I believe the court closed the file section at our building. There 
were accusations that we were destroying records at our facility. And 
the superintendent, to preserve his integrity, found it necessary to im- 
pound our files to cease these accusations in the papers. 

Senator Scott. This court order, was that from a Federal court ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I believe it was a Federal court order. 

Senator Scott. Now, you mentioned — Mr. Chairman, if I might — 
you mentioned articles in the paper. Are you talking about news items, 
or editorials? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Pardon ? 

Senator Scott. You mentioned news items that may have had a 
bearing on the records being locked up, the papers all writing critical 
articles. Were they news items, or were they editorials, or a 
combination ? 

]Mr. DoRXEKER. For the most part copyrighted articles, it was a full 
attack, news articles, columnists and editorials. 

Senator Scott. Well, was it by columnists ? It was not news accounts 
that happened. 

Mr. DoERNEKER. It was columnists and news articles. 

Senator Scott. Wlio were some of these columnists ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Mike Royko, Larry Green, Rob Warden. 

Senator Scott. Do they write primarily in Chicago, are they Illinois 
papers, or are they nationally syndicated columns? I'm not familiar 
with these. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I believe they are just in Chicago. 

Senator Scott. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. DoERXEKER. I have one copyrighted article here from the Chi- 
cago Daily News, "Report fire faked to hide cop spy files," which tells 
of the fire which was on the eighth floor of our police building. The 
eighth floor is where our intelligence division files are located, but the 
fire was in a remote area, was next to a court room, and it was just a 
rubbish fire in a corner; there was nothing involved with the police 
files. But the news article tells, "Report fire faked to hide cop spy files." 
This information was also 

Senator Thurmond. A completely misleading article, then. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Correct, and it partially came from the Alliance 
to End Repression. Officer Cushing has some personal information 
concerning that. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know of the involvement of the Alliance in 
the misinformation in this article through information provided to 
you by Mr. Cushing, or from any other source ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I guess that's a question to ask Mr. Cushing. 



62 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I'm asking you first if you have any information 
other than provided by Mr. Gushing with respect to the participation 
of the Alliance in this particular news story which you said was er- 
roneous information. 

Mr. DoRNEKER, No ; I only know what Mr. Gushing 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right. We will get to that, with the Ghair's 
permission, when we have Mr. Gushing. 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Now, may this news story go into the record, Mr. 
Ghairman ? 

Senator Thurmond. Go ahead. It will be received. 

[The article referred to follows :] 

[From the Chicago Daily News, Mar. 26, 1975] 
Repoet Fibe Faked To Hide Cop Spy Files 

(By Larry Green and Rob Warden) 

A mysterious fire in a Chicago Police Headquarters file room last January was 
set to make it appear spy documents being sought in a federal court suit were 
destroyed, an informant told The Daily News. 

In recent days, a Cook County grand jury investigating Daily News disclosures 
of widespread spying by the police also has requested some of the records. 

The documents were removed from the room used to store intelligence files and 
secreted in another part of police headquarters before the fire, the informant 
said. Worthless material was substituted and burned in their place, he added. 

None of the documents has yet been turned over to either the grand jury or 
to the federal court. 

"Nothing was burned. It was a ruse to explain away the files," said the source, 
who is in a position to have such information. 

Police have never formally claimed that files being sought in both cases were 
either missing or destroyed by fire. Instead, they have used legal arguments in 
both federal court and criminal court to prevent their disclosure. 

Fire department records show the blaze was reported at 10 :58 p.m. on Jan. 20, 
just four days before the records were to be produced in the federal court case. 

It broke out in file cabinets in an 8th-floor room where police intelligence files 
are kept. 

On Jan. 14 U.S. Judge William Lynch ordered the records over to the American 
Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the Alliance to End Repression. 

They were among several groups and individuals who filed suit in November 
seeking to disband the secret police Intelligence Division. 

The suit also seeks $400,000 in damages for alleged illegal activities by the 
unit, including wiretapping, physical harassment and intelligence gathering. 

The police department failed to produce the records by Jan. 24 — when they 
were due — and on Feb. 11, Lynch, a former law partner of Mayor Richard J. 
Daley, rescinded the order. 

Judge Joseph Sam Perry also refused to order the records turned over in a 
hearing Tuesday in U.S. District Court. 

However, Acting Chief Criminal Court Judge Richard .T. Fitzgerald allowed 
the Police Department and city lawyers until next Wednesday to either produce 
the records or present new information on why they shoiild not. 

Fire Department records characterize the Jan. 20 blaze as causing "small" 
damage and say it was extinguished with "hand pumps." 

In a related event, data on police electronic surveillance subpenaed by the 
grand jury investigating police spying was reportedly removed from the Intelli- 
gence Division's offices "in the last few days" and hidden in the department's 
crime lab, the informant said. 

Mr. SouRWiNE, Mr. Dorneker, you have said that all of the papers 
carried derogatory information. Didn't you see any articles, or 
columns which were favorable to the department's position? 

Mr. Dorneker. Very few. There were, as I can recall, maybe one 
or two. 

Mr. Sourwine. Nothing further at this point. 



63 

Senator THURaroNo. I am wondering if the police department had a 
press aide, or someone who could go to the papers and explain to them 
what you have done, what you are doing, and try to get their 
cooperation. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I don't believe so, sir, because some of the reporters 
that are involved, like this story by Larry Green and Rob Warden, 
who apparently are working closely with the Alliance to End 
Repression. 

Senator Thurmond. What paper do they represent ? 

INlr. Dorxeker. The Cliicago Daily News. We have documents, given 
out by the Alliance to End Repression, which elaborate on that, how 
the Alliance to End Repression worked with their attorneys to file 
federal law suits against us, and then gave information to Rob Warden 
and Larry Green. So, I don't believe in that case it would be ad- 
vantageous to us to try to sway them. 

Senator Thurmond. Well, how about the Chicago Tribune ? 

Mr. Dorneker. I am not familiar with that. 

Senator Thurmond. They would be more objective, wouldn't they? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, but so far it's been more insinuation and innu- 
endo. Apparently no one is really seeking the truth of our situation. 

Senator Thurmond. Well, I'm just thinking, if you could get them 
the truth, if your police department could get the truth to them, the 
Chicago Tribune or some news media there, and explain to them what 
you are doing and the importance of it, that they might write articles 
favorable to your position. 

Mr. Dorneker. Mr. Chairman, Superintendent Rochford did write a 
press release which concerned the intelligence-gathering activities of 
our department, and submitted it to the news media. To the best of 
my recollection. I recall a later statement by Superintendent Rochford 
when he said, "You didn't even find it fit to print my press release." 

Senator Thurmond. They didn't print his press release ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Correct, t believe they didn't. 

Senator Thurmond. Well, has he had an interview, or conversation, 
or visited the officers of any newspapers ? Sometimes, if you make an 
eifort to get to people and explain your position, if they are neutral, 
then they can help you. Sometimes just issuing a press release is not 
sufficient. If you have a personal conversation with some of these news 
media, they might help you. 

Excuse me, go ahead. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mr. Chairman, may I inquire ? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. You don't think that any newspaper has an obliga- 
tion to print the police department's press release, do you ? 

Mr. Dorneker. I believe they should print the press release because 
the Superintendent feels that this is information that is vital. 

Mr. Sourwine. Well, who decides what a newspaper should print, 
the Police Superintendent, or the newspaper? 

Mr. Dorneker. The press, the newspaper decides. 

Mr. Sourwine. Of course. Now, I don't intend to quarrel with your 
obvious feeling that the press is against you, I don't know what the 
facts are, and I'm willing to accept your testimony. But I want to be 
sure the record speaks clearly— and I don't mean that in derogation 
to you at all. You spoke of the newspapers, or some of the newspaper 
columnists working very closely with the Alliance and cooperating 
with them in harassing the police department. 



64 

Is this a reaction, you feel that way because the newspapers don't 
approve of you and have criticized the department? Or do you have 
any hard evidence to indicate there is actually a connection between 
the reporters or columnists at the papers and these Communist- 
dominated and — controlled organizations, or any of them? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I believe there is a close working relationship. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You have said that. I am asking you, do you have 
any hard evidence of it ? I'm not harassing you, but I assure you, your 
case is going to be better if you limit it to not your feelings, but what 
you know, what you have hard evidence to. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Mrs. Noren has a publication given out by the Alli- 
ance which states that Rick Gutman of the Alliance has made contact 
with the Daily News, and they kept the story going. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

Alliance to End Repression — April 1975 Progress Report 
council me^eting agenda 

The "Red Squad" . . . The Alliance's historic March 20 public disclosure of 
documented information showing illegal infiltration of civic groups by the Chi- 
cago Police Department will be the main item — with current information about 
the Red Squad's documents, activities and style. Various documents from the 
Alliance's dossier will be circulated. A small sampling of such documents re- 
vealed five different "numbered" informants covering our meetings then relating 
their information "on the street" to another person — on its way to "our" file. 

FIFTH ANNIVERSARY DINNER 

The headquarters of the Alliance opened with two staff April 1, 1970. On Satur- 
day evening, April 26, 1975 we will begiu celebrating our 5th anniversary with a 
supper and commemorative program at McGiffert House, 5751 S. Woodlawn. A 
buffet dinner begins at 6 P.M. Congressman Ralph Metcalfe has accepted our 
invitation to start the program with a keynote address about 7:00. A spoken 
history of the Alliance and its times— 1970 to 1975— will be presented by a score 
of per.sons associated with Alliance programs over the years. 

Our 5-year history leads to an Alliance first— the presentation of an Alliance 
"Civil Freedoms" award to Rick Gutman, our volunteer attorney who broke the 
Red Squad story — and by then probably more of the story can be told. Twenty- 
nine year old Rick is an alumnus of Proviso East High, Harvard, U of Chicago, 
Peace Corps, Nader's Raiders and the ACLU. 

A record turn-out is expected and we must make reservations ahead. So to 
guarantee admission, please purchase your tickets ahead and early — by mail or at 
the Alliance office ... or through your delegate to the Alliance. $6.50 includes 
a roast beef dinner. 

RED SQUAD EXPOSE 

Rick Gutman. volunteer attorney for the Citizens Alert Project of the Alliance 
to End Repression, was the one who identified the Red Squad undercover agents 
and the names of the Chicago civic groups they had infiltrated. The information 
was turned over to Chicago Daily News reporters, Larry Green and Rob Warden, 
with the agreement the Alliance be given credit for uncovering the facts. 

The publicity aftermath was enormous, putting the Alliance's name on front 
pages for days'. The Washington Post and Newsweek, in telling the story, noted 
the Alliance's work against illegal surveillance. Local television carried inter- 
views with Alliance representatives. WGN, WBBM and WLS provided the Alli- 
ance time to reply to their editorials. . 

State Representative Joseph Lundy has introduced a bill in Springfield which, 
if enacted would require Police Departments to obtain authorization from a 
judge before infiltrating an organization. A City Council meeting called to discuss 
theproblem was adjourned for lack of a quorum. ^ , ... ^ „„^ 

A few law suits were filed in the wake of the news. Several organizations and 
individuals have asked to join the federal suit we have pending before Judge 
William Lynch. On our appeal from a court order which would have permitted 



65 

the Police Department to destroy files on persons not named in our complaint, the 
Police Department was ordered, at least temporarily, to keep intact Intelligence 
Division files on all persons. 

MeanNvhile criminal proceedings continue before a County Grand Jury. Charges 
of burglary and illegal wiretapping alleged in our federal law suit are being 
investigated by the State's Attorney's OflSce. Senators Percy and Stevenson have 
requested federal criminal investigation. This may be a touchy matter if news- 
paper stories that the FBI received stolen documents from the Red Squad prove 
to be true. 

FREEDOM OF INFOKMATION BILL 

The Alliance's Freedom of Information Bill, H.R. 452, introduced in Spring- 
field last month by Representative Susan Catania and nine co-sponsors, is now 
being considered by the Executive Committee of the House of Representatives. 
John Huston, law student with our State Legislation Task Force, who drafted our 
bill, has testified that the need for such a bill is commonly felt by most people 
and organizations seeking public information and that the passage of such a bill 
is needed to bring the State of Illinois into line wdth procedures followed by 
federal agencies. 

The Executive Committee will vote on the bill on Thursday. April 10. Wire, 
phone or write your representative before then to ask his help for H.R. 452, the 
Freedom of Information Bill. Call us if you need names, addresses, etc. 

BAIL LEGISLATION 

Fortunately most of the proposed revisions in the bail statutes have died in 
committee. How^ever, H.R. 422. sponsored by Brian Duff has passed out of com- 
mittee. This bill advocates bond revocation and holding accused without bond 
while additional proceedings are begun. Contact your legislators and urge them 
to oppose this bill ; immediate action is needed. For additional information, call 
Judi McArdle, 427-4064. 

CITIZENS COMMITTEE ON THE MEDIA 

Participants in last month's CCOM conference on "air time" were enthusiastic 
about coming together again — this time for a more extensive exploring of the 
print media. Carolyn Toll, CHICAGO SUN TIMES reporter who spoke at the 
conference, has arranged to conduct her Loop College Adult Education seminar 
at the Alliance headquarters for our convenience. The six-session, 5 :30 to 7 :30 
Monday evening seminar will start April 21. Topics will include basic publicity 
skills for community groups, press releases, press conferences. There will be in- 
formal sessions with media people, in addition t-o Ms Toll, discussing why certain 
community issues are not covered the way people would like them to be. We will 
explore Community-Press Councils as a way of closing the gap between members 
of the community and their communities' media. Materials will be provided in 
the total fee of $5. There is a condition ; for Loop College to offer this — a mini- 
mum of 15 registrants paying their $5-each the first evening. If all who signed 
up at the March conference can make this time, we will be assured of the full 
seminar. It will assure us — if you will let us know ahead you will be here 4/21 
evening. Loop College gives one community credit for the course. Bring a sand- 
wich ; the Alliance will provide the coffee. 

COOK COUNTY SPECIAL BAIL PROJECT 

Bail continues to expand. An additional staff person will be hired to help with 
Weekday Court. Resumes should be mailed to CCSBP, 22 E. Van Buren. Job 
description is available on request. And of course, volunteers always needed 7 
days a week. 

Calendar items . . . The Second Thursday, April 10 Citizens Alert delegation to 
the monthly Police Board Meeting : call Ruth Wells here. State Legislative Task 
Force : 1st and 3rd Mondays at 4 :30. Gay Rights Task Force — Monday, April 28 
at 5 :30 PM — on the new City Council and amendments to city codes and an 
employment thrust. 

Alliance finances a reminder of our needing you . . . Many organizations sent 
in their annual affiliation contribution the first quarter — many more still due and 
needed. Individuals may "join" as ".supporting members" at a $10 minimuna 
yearly contribution — thus receiving these monthly Progress Reports, membership 
card — and a soon-to-be-published more extensive "Open Letter." Monthly or reg- 
ular "pledges" are automatically supporting members. Please join us. 



66 

Name Phones 

Address 

(zip) 

Organization, if any 

I pledge a monthly contribution of $ till I give notice. 

I would like to be a "supporting member" $ enclosed. 

Am enclosing $ for tickets ($6.50 each) for April 26 

Supper. 
Though I cannot attend the Supper Celebration, am enclosing 



Mr. SouRwiNE. Who is Rick Gutman ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Richard M. Gutman is a member of the Alliance to 
End Repression ; he is an attorney, and he signed the Federal law suit 
against the Chicago Police Intelligence Division. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. He is counsel for the organization in its action against 
the police ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is that the same Richard Gutman who was a member 
of the Venceremos Brigade, who made a trip to Cuba ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. With the information I have available to me, I be- 
lieve he is the same Richard Gutman. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The Richard Gutman that I was inquiring about, Mr. 
Chairman, is Richard M. Gutman who was a member of the Third 
Venceremos Brigade, according to the passenger manifest, which is a 
mater of record. We took substantial testimony, the Chair will remem- 
ber, from Correspondent DeLake June DeVois on the Cuban ques- 
tionnaire regarding police which was given these Venceremos Brigade 
people. 

You have no knowledge of that on your part ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. All right. I won't push this matter any further, but 
I want you to try to separate the feeling which you would naturally 
have that everybody in the press is fighting you, and not even the citi- 
zens are supporting you. Your own superintendent appears to have 
had the files locked up. 

But, even these things being true, try to separate what you know 
and have hard evidence to, and what you feel may be the case. It is 
perfectly all right to state your feelings, but just don't state them as 
a fact unless you have evidence on it. 

It may be possible, for instance, that the superintendent had the 
files locked up because in his best judgment that was the best way to 
keep them within the control of the police department, even if you 
didn't have access to them. He may feel that if they got carted off to a 
courthouse basement the police may never see them again. And it may 
be because of the public relations involved, the general feeling, that 
the newspapers feel they have reasons for questioning the police de- 
partment. The fact that a man is against you doesn't necessarily make 
him a Communist, and I want you to realize that. I don't want you to 
say things that look as if you were saying differently. 

I have no further questions, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. Senator Scott, do you have some questions? 

Senator Scott. Mr. Chairman, just listening to the questioning of 
counsel, I obviously agree with counsel as far as ascertaining the facts. 
And yet, I have a very great feeling of sympathy for the viewpoints, 
and the comments that have been made by the witness. 



67 

I am just wondering if he might have any suggestions that might be 
helpful to us, when a newspaper, acting within its right under our 
Constitution to make its own decision on what it wants to print and 
what it doesn't want to print; but when it seems to be a pattern of 
putting things in the paper unfair to the police department and refus- 
ing to print items that would explain the police department's position. 

Do you have any suggestions that might be applied nationwide, 
perhaps, as tO' what could be done about that within, the framework 
of our Constitution and our first amendment rights ? 

I can understand your frustration, that is what I am saying. 

Mr. DoRNEKEK. I appreciate your seeking my ideas. At this time I 
really can't oti'er any suggestions as to how they could be made to print 
what we consider to be the truth. I have seen, I have had personal oc- 
casions where a situation has happened, and when I read it in the 
paper at a later time, you wouldn't recognize it as being the same 
situation. 

Senator Scott. Well, everybody in public life has experienced some- 
thing similar to that at one time or another. 

But you don't have any thoughts, or any suggestions on how — not 
that we would make the people print the truth, but do you have any 
suggestions on how we could obtain fair treatment in the press for 
the law enforcement officers? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. No, sir ; at this time I couldn't give you any construc- 
tive suggestions. 

Senator Scott. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Thurmond. OK. Is there anything else you would like to 
say to us ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. There is another person involved with the 
Alliance to End Repression, who held office with the Chicago Com- 
mittee to Defend the Bill of Rights, who has not been identified as 
being a member of the Communist Party, but who holds offices in iden- 
tified front organizations and in the Alliance to End Repression. This 
person is Reverend Martin Deppe, who is a member of the Advisory 
Council of the Chicago Connnittee to Defend the Bill of Rights ; and 
has also held positions on the Alliance to End Repression. 

So, there are numerous persons who are connected with the Alliance 
to End Repression and with identified Communist front organizations. 

Senator Thurmond. Are there any other you would like to name ? 

Mr. Dorneker. No, sir, not at this time. 

Mr. Sourwine. May I inquire, Mr. Chairman ? 

Mr. Dorneker, you have given us many documents. Are they origi- 
nals, or copies of the documents supplied at the outset of the hearing 
by the superintendent, or is this some of your separate file ? 

Mr. Dorneker. This is my separate file. 

Mr. Sourwine. What is the nature of these documents, are these 
memoranda you have written for the file to your superiors ? 

Mr. Dorneker. It consists of 21 different exhibits. The majority of 
them are letterhead stationery, letters, or leaflets given out by orga- 
nizations which I have read and included in an 18-page report, which 
gives a brief summary. 

Mr. Sourwine. You said they are exhibits. Now, you don't have any 
actual letterheads here, do you ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Well, I have copies. 



68 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Can these letterheads be furnished for the commit- 
tee records? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Can these memoranda that you prepared be fur- 
nished ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. Do you want us to make photostats, or do you 
want to turn them over to him now ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I will turn this copy over to you now, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. They will be received. 

[The report and exhibits will be found in the appendix p. 143.] 

Mr. SouRWiNE. All right. Then, you are going to give us all the basic 
documents that you have been summarizing, here ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, then, let me take it so far, with the Chair's 
permission, and see if I understand. You told us so far the police are 
in your opinion under attack by an organization called the Alliance 
to End Repression. 

Senator Thurmond. To end what ? 

Mr. SouRwiNE. To End Repression. The Alliance is headed by, or 
has as its moving spirit one Richard Criley. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. This organization was founded when ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. In the early part of 1970. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. 1970 or 1971 ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. 1970. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. This organization was a direct out-growth of the 
National Committee against Repressive Legislation? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, it was. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That, in turn, is a new name for the National Com- 
mittee to Abolish the HUAC? 

Mr DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Those were known Communist fronts ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You are satisfied that the Alliance to End Repres- 
sion is a Communist front? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. In the Chicago area the Alliance to End Repression 
works in tandem and is interlocked with the Chicago Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of 
Rifrhts in your opinion a Communist front organization? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You testified that Mr. Criley is associated with the 
Alliance to End Repression, and with other identified Communists, 
inchiding one Milton Cohen and one Jesse Prosten and Borris Ross? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You testified there are a number of people in promi- 
ment positions in the Alliance who have long records of association 
with front organizations, or with the Communist Party, or with 
Communist functions? 
Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 



69 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You have named as included in that group one John 
Kearney ; one Rev. Martin Deppe ; and one John Hill ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Do you know Frank McGrath ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, Frank McGrath is also included in that 
group. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Now, you said the Alliance has the support of a long 
list of social and religious organizations? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. At that point in the testimony, when you correct the 
record, can you insert a list of other social and religious organizations 
which support the alliance ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes ; we do have a list. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Can you indicate any cross-directorates or other 
inter-connections between them and the Alliance ? 

Senator Thurmond. Without objection, it might be well to insert 
those in the record at this point. 

Mr. SouRw^ixE. Do you have them now ? 

Senator Thurmond. Without objection, we will accept them in the 
record. 

Mr. DoRNEKER. In my papers here, I do have a list. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Before you leave, or when you correct the record, 
please supply them. 

Senator Thurmond. We will insert them in the record at such place 
as is deemed appropriate. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Very well, Mr. Chairman. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

Citizens Alebt 

general purpose 

Citizens Alert is an organization of Chicago-area residents which seeks basic 
institutional improvements in the Chicago Police Department. Its chief method 
of work is knowledgeable involvement in public meetings, small group discussion 
with public officials, and public education. 

STRUCTURE 

Its board of directors is responsible for the policy and work of the organization. 
A list of board members is attached. Fred Click is the elected chairman ; Ruth 
Wells, coordinator ; and John Hill, consultant. 

FUNDING 

It first received funds in calendar 1973. Its $21,000 budget came from the 
Wieboldt Foundation ($15,000), CNA Corporate Responsibility Division ($3,000), 
Playboy Foundation ($500), United Methodist Church ($1,200) and board raised 
moneys ($1,300). Funds for its 1974 budget have been written into the 1974 
state plan of the Illinois Law Enforcement Commission which dispenses funds 
provided by the Federal Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. 

RELATED ORGANIZATIONS 

The Citizens Alert project was developed by the Alliance to End Repression 
which founded two other projects, the Cook County Special Bail Project and the 
Illinois Prisons and Jails Project. The Cook County Special Bail Project, con- 
sisting of three hundred volunteers, has been operating a Release-on-Recognizance 
Program at Holiday Court since February 27, 1971. Funds for this project are 
also LEAA funds. The Illinois Prisons and Jails Project, which is cooperating 
with the Illinois Department of Corrections in setting up a citizens visiting pro- 



60-030 O - 75 



70 

gram to Stateville prison, is funded by the Field Foundation of Illinois, Woods 
Charitable Trust, Wieboldt Foundation and the Playboy Foundation. The three 
projects are tax-exempt, managed by independent boards. John Hill, coordinator 
of the Alliance to End Repression, is consultant to them all. All are located on 
the same floor at 22 E. Van Buren. The Alliance itself is a coalition of church, 
community and human relations groups ; a list of these is attached. 

AFFILIATED MEMBER 0EGANIZATI0N8 — OCTOBER 1974 

1. Adrian Dominican Sisters Social Concerns Committee (111., Iowa, Upper 
Michigan). 

2. Association of Black Social Workers. 

3. Catholic War Veterans of USA, St. Martin de Porres Post 1854. 

4. Chicago-Area Fellowship for Renewal. 

5. Chicago-Area Unitarian Universalist Council. 

6. Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 

7. Chicago Connections. 

8. Chicago Disciples Union. 

9. Chicago Heights Unitarian Universalist Community Church. 

10. Chicago Peace Council. 

11. Community Christian Church of Chicago. 

12. Community of United People (of Holy Family Catholic Church). 

13. Concerned Argonne Scientists. 

14. Congregation Solel — Religious Action Committee — Highland Park. 

15. Countryside Unitarian Universalist Fellowship. 

16. Emma Lazarus Jewish Women's Clubs. 

17. Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago. 

18. Evanston Ecumenical Action Council (Federation of Churches' Action 
Program ) . 

19. Fifty-Seventh Street Meeting of Friends. 

20. First Congregational Church of Wilmette. 

21. First Unitarian Church of Chicago. 

22. First United Methodist Church of Evanston. 

23. Friendship Club. 

24. Friendship House. 

25. Glencoe Human Relations Committee. 

26. Japanese-American Citizens League. 

27. Jesuit School of Theology of Chicago. 

28. Jewish Cultural Clubs of Chicago. 

29. K A M Isaiah Israel Congregation — Social Action Committee. 

30. Lutheran Church in America, Illinois Synod — Social Ministry Committee. 

31. Mattachine Midwest. 

32. National Association of Social Workers — Chicago Chapter. 

33. National Council of Jewish Women — Chicago Section. 

34. National Council of Jewish Women — Evanston-Niles Township Section. 

35. Near North Unitarian Universalist Fellowship. 

36. North Side Friends. 

37. SCOPE (Southwest Community Organization for Peaceful Equality). 

38. SHURE (South Suburban Human Relations Federation). 

39. Sisters of Charity, B. V. M.— Social Response Commission (National organ- 
ization). 

40. St. Agatha Catholic Church. 

41. St. Athanasius Catholic Church Community Life Committee. 

42. St. Elizabeth Catholic Church. 

43. St. Mark United Methodist Church. 

44. Tenth Congressional District Politics for Peace. 

45. Third Unitarian Church of Chicago. 

46. United Methodist Board of Christian Social Concerns, Northern Illinois 
Conference. 

47. Urban Apostolate of the Sisters. 

48. Wellington Avenue United Church of Christ. 

49. West Side Christian Parish. 

50. Wheadon United Methodist Church— Evanston. 

51. Wilmette Human Relations Committee. 

52. Winnetka Human Relations Committee. 

53. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Chicago Branch. 

54. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, North Shore Branch. 



71 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Now, Mr. Dorneker, you told us the stated purpose 
of tlie Alliance to End Repression is to combat restrictive legislation, 
or improper or repressive activities by the police department? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You told us its real purpose is substantially 
different? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Now, what is its real purpose, or what are its real 
purposes, in your opinion? 

Mr. Dorneker. One of the purposes of the Alliance — that came out 
at an Alliance to End Repression meeting — they decided they would 
create a surveillance task force which would concentrate in the fol- 
lowing areas, dealing with the so-called "Red Squad." One was to 
obtain all information possible in regard to the identity of individual 
agents and respective accountability in the chain of command of the 
Chicago Police Department; and to determine the location of Red 
Squad fronts, or specifically administrative and operational control 
centers of the overt units of the subversive section. 

The ultimate goal of the surveillance task force was to control and 
to limit the operations of the Red Squad, plus the prospect of the 
eventual elimination of all our activities. 

Mr. Sourwine. Go ahead. 

Mr. Dorneker. Another area of repression on the part of the Alli- 
ance toward the Chicago Police Department deals with the law suit 
concerning discrimination, which made it difficult to hire personnel, or 
promote personnel, by creating a shortage of police officers in the city 
of Chicago. 

Mr. Sourwine. Anything else? [No response.] 

Do you think that the Alliance seeks to abolish police intelligence ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, I believe they do. 

Mr. Sourwine. And in the interim between then and now and the 
successful abolishment which they hope for, they are seeking to ren- 
der your intelligence operations ineffective? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you think they are seeking to discredit the police 
department ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you think they especially cultivate hostility 
against it in the public's mind ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. And do you think they especially cultivate hostility 
against the police in minority groups ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have they sought to disrupt meetings of the Police 
Board ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, they have. 

Mr. SouTiwiNE. Have they sought to establish a degree of control 
over the activities of the police department through the accountability 
sessions they have been able to organize ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have they sought to infiltrate the Police Beat 
program ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have they sought through that to establish a degree 
of control over police activities ? 



72 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The Police Beat program was recently set up 
by the Chicago Police Department in the interest of better community 
relations ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, it was. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Tell us a little more about it for the record. 
Mr. DoRNEKER. The Beat Representative program was set up to have 
representatives of the citizenry be able to assist members of the police 
department that are doing the actual street work. There is also a Steer- 
ing Committee set up in each police district. At one of the last Alliance 
to End Repression meetings, which Mrs. Noren attended, a discussion 
was held at this meeting by members of the Alliance, how they planned 
to use various civic organizations and civic groups as their vehicle to 
enter into the Beat Representative program, and to gain a position in 
the Steering Committees in each district. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Now, the Alliance to End Repression has several 
separate lines of attack against the police department, if I understand 
you correctly? 
Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What is the Bail Bond program ? 
Mr, DoRNEKER. The Bail Bond program is formally known as the 
Cook County Special Bail project. They seek to have reform in bail 
laws. This was the part of Alliance to JEnd Repression which Officer 
Cushing was a member, and can speak with greater authority concern- 
ing their activity. 

Mr. SoTjRwiNE. Now, the Alliance to End Repression has also men- 
tioned as a special target the police surveillance project, has it not ? 
Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What is the police surveillance project, as they op- 
erate it? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. That is the task force that I formerly made ref- 
erence to, the surveillance task force, where they are attempting to 
obtain the identity of our informants, where we are located, to bring 
lawsuits against us, so that we would be disbanded. This is the lawsuit 
they filed the latter part of last year. 

Mr. Sour WINE. Well, under the surveillance project they are haras- 
sing not only the department, and not only the intelligence operation, 
but they are also harassing individual police officers who are assigned 
to function within your operation, are they not? 
Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Now, what is the Citizens Alert project ? 
Senator Thurmond. Could I ask a question right there? How are 
they harassing the individuals ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Individual officers. We have information that an 
individual, Thaddeus Tecza was arrested at our intelligence facility. 
Navy pier. May 3, 1971, attempting to gain entry into our facility. He 
was referred to at an Alliance meeting by an Alliance person as being 
one of their people. At a later time Thaddeus Tecza was observed 
with Mark Weiss, who was sent from New York, to photograph mem- 
bers of our intelligence division during their field operations. We 
have photographs of Mark Weiss and Thaddeus Tecza together with 
their photographic equipment, as they were photographing us at 
demonstrations. 



73 

As we would leave our facility at Navy pier, Mark Weiss and mem- 
bers of his crew would take our photographs as we passed on foot and 
in cars. 




Mark Weiss, second from left, and Thaddeus Tecza, extreme right. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. May I inquire along the lines of the Chairman's 
question ? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The Citizens Alert project, about which I intend to 
ask you in just a moment, does not involve the surveillance of particular 
policemen, does it ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The surveillance of particular policemen is to make 
possible harassment of the police, in one way, by trying to point him 
out in situations where he is trying to operate under cover; is that 
true? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. By making public his identity, and making public 
where he is operating? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. By trying to make it difficult, if not impossible for 
him to infiltrate meetings or organizations or groups where his job 
requires him to go and seek intelligence ? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWixE. These are all forms of harassment of the police op- 
eration in that sense, and interference with police activity, are they 
not? 



74 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Have there been any threats of harm to individual 
police officers in this area ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. As the Superintendent stated, one undercover officer 

was attacked and beaten as a result of being identified, unfortunately. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Mr. Chairman, may I move on to what is called the 

Citizens Alert program? Does that sufficiently answer the Chair's 

question ? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

Mr. SouRw^iNE. Now, the Citizens Alert project, what is its f untion ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. The Citizens Alert project handles the areas con- 
cerning all other police-related matters. 

Mr, SouRwiNE. Well, is it simply a compilation of citizens' com- 
plaints, or does it seek to encourage citizens' complaints to use them as 
bludgeons against the police department? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. They seek out negative type situations, as compared 
to seeking out positive things. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. It is an organization, is it not, for organizing citi- 
zens to complain against the police, pumping up complaints citizens 
may have, whether they are valid or invalid, for the purpose of using 
them in every possible way to hurt the police department in the public 
eye? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Our experience has been that. 

Mr, SouRWiNE. Now, let me try to summarize what you have just 
told us. Is it true that the attack against the police by the Alliance to 
End Repression has sought to harass the police department by initiat- 
ing legal actions against it on a range of issues ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. By conducting a campaign against it in the public 
media ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr, SouRwiNE, By playing a disruptive role at police board 
meetings ? 

Mr, DoRNEKER, Yes, sir, 

Mr. SouRwiNE, By actually infiltrating the police department? 

Mr, DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. By "infiltrating," what do you mean, are you 
saying they are in the police department as officers? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. The Alliance to End Repression has made state- 
ments in their publication, stating that their police informant has 
given them information. They say that they have police informants. 

Senator Thutoviond. They admit it themselves. 

Mr. DoRNEKER, Yes, sir, 

Mr, SouRwiNE, I understand that all these statements and allega- 
tions are supported by documents that you promised to give us, and 
which the Chair said will be received, 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

[The material referred to follow^s :] 

Alliance To End Repression — May 1975 Progress REa>oRT 

COUNCIL MEETING AGENDA 

The meeting will be largely on State Legislation. We will deal with the hand 
gun legislation, capital punishment repeal, and freedom of information leg- 
islation introduced by Leland Rayson. The political and social realities of 



75 

Joliet Correctional Center, where the recent prisoner uprising occurred, will be 
described by members of IPJP's Citizens Visiting Committee who have been 
visiting the institution for more than a year. Milt Cohen will also lead a dis- 
cussion on the possible place for senior citizens in the struggle to end repression. 

FIRST PUBLICATION . . . HOW THE RED SQUAD EXPOSE HAPPENED 

The Alliance's most dramatic single stroke achievement in its five year his- 
story came with the expose of police infiltrators. The Red Squad law suit, while 
technically alive, appeared to be dying for lack of interest. Motions for dis- 
covery had not been granted. The pace was slow. 

In an effort to pick up the pace and encourage public interest, Rick Gutman, 
a volunteer attorney with Citizens Alert, tried to interest news reporters in 
the suit. But no one within the Intelligence Division was talking with reporters. 
And the reporters had no documentary information linking the Red Squad to 
questionable activities. An anonymous police informant did reveal to Citizens 
Alert that there had been a fire in an Intelligence Division file cabinet. A motion 
to turn over the files for safekeeping to the court, based on the Fire Depart- 
ment's report of the fire, was denied. Reporters did not, at first, follow through 
on our report of the fire. 

Finally Rick Gutman obtained a copy of the Chicago Police Department's 
payroll. He reasoned that police officers doing undercover work would have to 
be on the payroll if they were getting paid for their work. He looked for per- 
sons assigned to 175, payroll code for the Intelligence Division. There, in cate- 
gory 099, entitled Assignment Unknown, he saw six names, including those of 
Geno Addams who had infiltrated the Alliance and Howard Pointer who had 
infiltrated PUSH. Milt Cohen helped Rick indentify Mark Salone as the past 
president of the Organization for a Better Austin. Since the other officers were 
listed as white males, Rick Gutman called what he thought would be a likely 
white target for police infiltration, the Citizens Action Program. CTP people 
were surprised to hear tlie name "Melvin Barna," a close GAP associate. 

Daily Netvs reporters Larry Green and Rob Warden were called. At a meet- 
ing on the street, which ironically is the way Red Squad agents turn over their 
information to their superior. Rick Gutman turned over his information to 
the reporters. He had an agreement with them that the Alliance would be given 
credit for breaking the story. 

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION 

The Alliance's Freedom of Information Bill introduced by Representative 
Susan Catania and testified for by John Huston before the House Executive 
Committee never get out of committee. But a Walker sponsored bill, intro- 
duced by Leland Rayson seems to have a chance of getting to the floor next 
week. As soon as you get this letter write to your legislators to support HB 
1820. The Walker bill is similar in most important aspects to the bill intro- 
duced by the Alliance. 

Department heads, both local and state, do not want to support a bill that 
will make them disclose their operations to the public. It will probably take 
a major struggle over a period of years to create the freedom of information 
movement necessary to insure passage of a freedom of information bill. Vot- 
ing will probably be the week of May 12. Call Mary Alice Rankin at the Alli- 
ance, 427-4064, for help in the names of your representatives . . . and/or 
where to write them. 

IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE 

The federal agency which combs through Latino communities in an effort to 
find and deport illegal Mexican-American immigrants is the Immigration and 
Naturalization Service of the U. S. Justice Department. In addition to the 
questions raised by this type of operation there are questions also raised by 
the racial composition of the agency. According to this agency's currently avail- 
able employment records, there are only fourteen Latino employees in a work 
force of 125 in this 13-State federal region. 

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 as amended in 1972 requires the U. S. Civil 
Service Commission to oversee the equal employment programs of federal agen- 
cies and to investigate charges of discrimination against individuals or classes 
of individuals. Complaintants can ultimately file suit in federal court to seek 



76 

an end to discriminatory hiring practices. Appropriate federal statutes require 
tlie U. S. Civil Service Commission to cooperate with community groups in- 
terested these problems. 

Members of the Alliance and of the Archdiocesan Latin American Commit- 
tee have just started to work on the problem. Anyone who would like to join 
us, contact the Alliance. This comes under our Citizens Alert Project ; ask for 
Ruth Wells. 

CITIZENS COMMITTEE ON THE MEDIA 

The Citizens Committee on the Media just sent out a collective request for 
air time to the 48 radio stations and 8 television stations in the metropolitan 
Chicago area. Over 50 topics represented by over 35 spokespersons were listed. 
This week the CCOM is starting to visit all the stations to talk further about 
the collective request and to discuss how the stations go about ascertaining 
community needs for programming. CCOM's seminar continues Monday even- 
ings, 5 :30 to 7 :30. May 19's topic will be the effective use of video recording- 
playback by community groups. 

COOK COUNTY SPECIAL BAIL PROJECT 

Field work with the Bail Project brings in many students. More are expected 
this summer from several of the colleges around Chicago — working in week- 
day court. As weekday court expands, "Bail" is adding another staff coordi- 
nator. Anyone interested send a resume to Betty Schulte. Vols needed 7 days 
a week. 

FIFTH ANNIVERSARY 

Rick Gutman received the Alliance's Civil Freedoms Award at the recent sup- 
per celebration of the Alliance's Fifth Anniversary. The award recognized his 
role in breaking the police spy story. Rick noted the sustained efforts of Val 
Klink, a volunteer Alliance attorney without whose diligence and ability the 
Red Squad suit, brought by Citizens Alert and ACLU, never would been filed. 

Congressman Ralph Metcalfe keynoted the program with an analysis of the 
current legislative repression, especially as seen in S. 1, the administration's 
proposal to gather federal criminal statutes into a single code. S. 1 represents 
a multi-fronted assault on civil liberties. Free speech, peaceable assembly, press 
freedom, capital punishment, and 4th amendment privacy are among the reali- 
ties at issue in S. 1. (Call us about S. 1 Workshops in your district.) 

A five-year history of the Alliance was delivered by 14 persons who repre- 
sented Alliance staff. Alliance founders, and current Alliance leadership. Within 
a few months the history will be published with photos and distributed to the 
various organizations and volunteers that form the Alliance constituency — 
and to others — as our financial contributors. 

If you could not come to the supper celebration — you can still help us cele- 
brate and push on in the coming year, by sending in the form below — with 
whatever you can give. 

Name Phones 

Address 

(zip) 

Organization, if any 

My contribution of $ is enclosed. 

I pledge a monthly contribution of $ till I give notice. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Now, as a result of all of these harassments and 
other suits brought against the Chicago Police Department, it is true 
that the entire roster of police department employees with their 
numbers, home addresses, phone numbers, has been turned over to 
the plaintiffs and the press? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. It's a little hard to have an undercover man when 
he has been publicly identified as a member of the police department, 
isn't it? 



77 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouKwiNE. Is it true that certain police intelligence files have 
been turned over to the plaintiffs? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is it true that the cover of all, or most of the police 
informants has been blown, or severely impaired? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SotTtwixE. Is it true that the police intelligence files have 
been impounded since the end of last March in order to protect the 
department against charges of the files being tampered with, pending 
determination of various petitions for disclosure? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. To the extent you outlined, it makes the files un- 
available to the intelligence evaluators? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRw^NE. And has all of that, in sum, undermined the credi- 
bility of the police department in the community? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, it has. 

Mr. SouRwixE. That makes intelligence work in general more 
difficult, does it not? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWixE. I want to turn to one other point, but first, Mr. 
Chairman. I should like to point out that the word "repression" has 
been pushed by the Communists for many years* they find it's a 
wonderful propaganda word. The Venceremos people were questioned 
about "repression"; they were told to identify "repressors" in their 
area; they were told to identify police "repressionists" and give 
information about all kinds of community "repression." They w^ere, 
in other words, indoctrinated into using the word "repression" in 
all ways they could because of the semantic value involved. 

We 'find that word running through harassment of the police 
departments all over the country, for years. 

Now, how does this organization, the Alliance to End Eepression, 
get its financing: do you know? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. Yes, sir. Counsel, could I go back, before we get 
to that question, to one situation that came up in particular, with 
identifying police informants? It ties in with the newspaper. May 
I make a statement regarding that? 

Senator Thurmoxd. All right. 

Mr. Dorxeker. I received a telephone call on June 5, 1975, 6:30 
p.m. from Rob Warden, who is the reporter for the Chicago Daily 
News at my home. ^\Tien I asked Mr. Warden how he came to have 
my home telephone number he stated that he had his sources, and that 
he would go along with me — if I would go along with him, he would 
let me know how he got my telephone number. Then Eob Warden 
asked me questions concerning my job. He said, "I want you to verify 
how long Adelle Xoren and Dave Cushing have been dealing with 
you." Prior to that time there was no revelation that Adelle Noren 
and Dave Cushing were in fact undercover people for the police 
department. He also said, 

I won't give your name, or include it in any articles, no one will know that 
you gave me the information. I won't give your name to the prosecutor because 
I know you'd like to avoid being subpenaed. I am doing a story now with my 
partner, Larry Green, and we need you to verify some information. Are they 



78 

paid, how long have they been filing reports, and are they still filing reports? 
I promise I won't "middle" you if you tell me this. We will leave your name 
out of the article like I never even talked to you. We can help you avoid any 
hassle if you help us. I have copies of your reports, some are yours alone, some 
are with Knox, so that you know I have the stuff. Just tell me if they are paid, 
or what. Gushing attended a meeting May 23, and Noren went to one on 
March 3, so it's hard to deny it. 

I refused to answer any questions that were presented by Mr. 
Warden. He called me back about a half hour later, and he said, "I will 
read you the reports, so that you know I have some of your stuff." He 
then read a list of reports and the days on which they were submitted. 
Officer Knox was formerly my j^artner. So, he had reports that had 
his name, some had my name, and some Avere the work of both of us. 

He read me the following: 

Knox, June 1, '71 ; Dorneker, 24 February, '72 ; McWhinney, 19 January, '73 ; 
Knox and Dorneker, 6 July, '73, Phase 3 Watch Dog; Dorneker and Knox, 
29 June, '72, Phase 2 Watch Dog; Dorneker and Knox, 10 April, '72; and 
Dorneker, December 16, 1974, No. 8569. 

Which is my star number, he then quoted: 

Information has been obtained that the subject held its council meeting 
10 December, '74, 19:45 hours, 22 East Van Buren. The following were identi- 
fied as being present at the meeting: Jack Mendelsohn, Randy Arcenas, Dick 
Criley, Joyce Marco, Frank McGrath, Dick Menges, Adelle Noren, Mary Powers, 
Frank Quinn, George Sykes, Dick Brail, and Joann Crowley. 

This was in effect the beginning, or the lead of a report that I had 
submitted. Warden then continued: 

What we want to say is, Larry is sitting back tliere, writing a lead right now 
that the surveillance of the Alliance to End Repression continued, and it con- 
tinued up until as recent as two weeks ago. We know because we have docu- 
ments that indicate these people were present at meetings up until that time. 

I questioned him, "What people" and he said, "Dave Gushing and 
Adelle Noren. You tell me whether or not these people were active up 
until that recent time, or whether it was an older thing than that. In 
return for that my story will be accurate, and you are out of it. I will 
never mention to anybody that I ever talked to you in my life. I'll for- 
get your name, I'll forget your address, and I'll forget your telephone 
number." 

I questioned Mr. Warden by asking, "I'm curious as to how you got 
my address and phone number" and he said : 

Because I happen to have a police department payroll, a computer read-out of 
the whole thing by departments, which gives home addresses, telephone numbers. 
We don't tell people that we have it, generally, we only call when it's imjjortant. 
The number I got for you on the read-out was C04-4263. I'll tell you Knox's 
number, which is unlisted, it's 505-5550. We have access to that kind of thing. 

He further stated, 

We have these reports, I don't think you have done anything improper. If you 
confirm that little bit of story for me, it's between you and me. Reporters have a 
privilege law to protect them in this State, I can never be asked in court to reveal 
your name. 

I told Mr. Warden that I was not able to confirm or deny any in- 
formation that he presented to me. 

Senator Thurmond. And who was he with ? 

Mr. Dorneker. The Chicago Daily News. 

Apparently, what Mr. Warden was trying to do was to establish 
a story to put the intelligence division in a bad light that we con- 



79 

tinued surveillance of the Alliance to End Repression after the super- 
intendent gave an order not to infiltrate, or gather intelligence on this 
organization. The superintendent, to the best of my knowledge, did 
not give any such order. 

I would like to submit a copy of the June 6, 1975, Daily News head- 
line and copyrighted article by Rob Warden and Larry Green. The 
headline reads, "Police kept spying after Rochford ban." 

[The information follows :] 

[From the Chicago Dally News, June 6, 1975] 
PoucE Kept Spying Aftee Rochford Ban 

HOUSEWIFE INFILTRATED CIVIC GROUP 

(By Larry Green and Rob Warden) 

Chicago police have continued to spy on at least one service organization 
despite assurances from Police Supt. James M. Rochford that such spying 
stopped months ago. 

The organization is the Alliance to End Repression, an amalgam of 56 com- 
munity and church groups that carries on various federally funded projects 
aimed at police, court and prison reform. 

One police informant, a South Side housewife, participated in key policy- 
making committees within the organization until just two weeks ago. 

Another, who is now a policeman, attended policy meetings up until March, 
when The Daily News made its initial disclosures in the police spying scandal. 

The woman was identified in police files as confidential informant No. 5633. 
She infiltrated the Alliance in 1971 as a representative of a religious organization. 

The man was identified as informant No. 3538. He infiltrated the Alliance in 
1971 as a representative of a community organization that purported to be 
interested in racial equality. 

The informants reported primarily to three oflScers in the intelligence divi- 
sion. Eugene Dorneker, Terrance Knox and William McWhinney. 

Alliance director John Hill and attorney Rick Gutman found what they 
called "overwhelming circumstantial evidence" of the identities of the in- 
formants by analyzing a series of intelligence division reports that had been 
made public in connection with a lawsuit in federal court. 

Only one person attended all of the meetings reported on by agent 5633, and 
only one attended those reported on by agent 3538, Alliance records show. 

A police source acknowledged to Daily News reporters that the Alliance 
analysis was correct. 

Hill and Gutman said Friday they have turned the informants' names over 
to Asst. State's Atty. Nicholas lavarone, who is running a county grand jury 
investigation of police spying. 

The daily news learned that lavarone already has subpenaed the man iden- 
tified by the Alliance. 

The man is being represented by Warren Wolfson and Harry Busch, the 
criminal lawyers hired on order of Mayor Richard J. Daley to represent police 
involved in the scandal. 

The woman has not yet been subpenaed. 

Hill and Gutman also said they had written to Supt. Rochford demanding 
an immediate end to police infiltration of the Alliance. 

Rochford, who in March had declared that police infiltration of community 
groups had stopped months earlier, could not be reached for comment on the 
latest disclosure. 

Intelligence reports available through the federal court show the informants 
reported on meetings of the Alliance with officials of the Law Enforcement As- 
sistance Administration (LEAA). 

LEAA supplies the funds for most of the Alliance's projects. 

Among the alliance's activities is a bail bond project, which is designed to 
provide information to help judges determine appropriate amounts of bond in 
criminal cases. 

The Alliance also has programs to improve juvenile justice and reduce police 
brutality. 

The intelligence reports show that the informants gave the police inside in- 
formation on the Alliance's plans to file a federal suit against the police "Red 
Squad." 



so 

This raises questions on whether police invaded the lawyer-client relationship 
and possibly violated some persons' constitutional rights to legal counsel. 

Similar questions were raised Thursday by G. Flint Taylor Jr. an attorney 
representing the Black Panthers, who charged in U.S. District Court that he and 
other lawyers had been the victims of i>olice spying. 

Taylor told Judge Jo.seph Sam Perry that intelligence documents indicate 
police eavesdropped on a telephone conversation between Taylor and a client in 
the jail in 1971. 

In addition. Taylor said, documents indicate that attorney Jo-anne Wolfson 
was under police surveillance when she represented the Black Panthers. 

Mrs. AVolfson is the wife of Warren Wolfson, who is representing the police 
in the current grant jviry matter. 

Other documents, Taylor said, indicate police intelligence agents went to 
New York to report on William Bender, an attorney involved with Taylor in a 
civil suit filed by Panthers here. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Mr. Chairman, may I go off the record for a minute ? 

Senator Thurmond. Yes. 

rDiscussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmond. Back on the record. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you have anythino; further? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. sir. That many of the organizations that are 
involved with the Alliance to End Repression and many of the people 
that are involved with the Alliance to End Repression undoubtedly 
are good types of civic organizations or people and I don't mean to 
imply that all the organizations, or the affiliates are Communists, or 
have Communist tendencies. But there is a strong indication that a 
nucleus of Communists, or identified Communist persons are influenc- 
ing the Alliance to End Repression, which is the umbrella type or- 
ganization for these civic groups and people. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. To get back to my question, now. Where does the 
Alliance to End Repression get its funding? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. A large part of its funding comes from the LEAA 
funds. 

Mr. SotTtwiNE. The Law Enforcement Assistance Administration ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes. sir. 

Mr. Sour WINE. A U.S. agency 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE [continuing]. Is funding a Communist front or- 
ganization which is harassing the police department in Chicago? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes. sir. 

Senator Thurmond. Let me ask you a question on that. Is that 
funding going direct to that organization, or is it turned over to some 
agency, and they in turn funnel it to them ; who makes the decision 
for this particular organization to get those funds, an agency of the 
Federal Government, or an agency of Illinois ? 

Mr. Dorneker. There is an organization, which is a subgroup of 
the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, called the Illinois 
Law Enforcement Commission. 

Senator Thurmond. Now, do they get the funds and then channel 
it to this group, or does it go directly from the LEAA in Washington 
to this group ? 

Mr. Dorneker. To the best of my knowledge, sir, they go to the 
Illinois Law Enforcement Commission, which is responsible for de- 
termining whether or not an organization would receive funding. 

Senator Thurmond. Then, have you taken this matter up, has the 
police department taken it up with this agency and pointed out to 



81 

them that this is a Conmiunist front organization ; and did they know 
that before they channeled the funds to them ? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. There is a group under the Illinois Law Enforce- 
ment Commission, called the Chicago-Cook County Criminal Justice 
Commission, which the Illinois Law Enforcement Commission felt 
that the Chicago and Cook County area was too big of an area for them 
to concentrate or to evaluate the situation. So, they allowed a sub- 
group to be formed. The Chicago-Cook County Criminal Justice Com- 
mission is supposed to receive applications for funding, they are to 
screen them, do the investigatory work and then make a suggestion 
or recommendation to the Illinois Law Enforcement Commission. The 
Illinois Law Enforcement Commission then can approve, or disap- 
prove the recommendation of this lower subgroup. 

We have verified that the Chicago-Cook County Criminal Justice 
Commission has on occasion rejected funding of the Alliance to End 
Rei)ression groups ; and the Alliance to End Eepression has ap- 
proached the Illinois Law Enforcement Commission directly in an 
effort to receive funding. The Illinois Law Enforcement Commission 
can overrule the decision. 

Senator Thitimoxd. And they have ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, the lower group rejecting the application, 
and the Illinois Law Enforcement Commission has given them funds. 
There are people who are on the Illinois Law Enforcement Commis- 
sion who have formerly held positions with the Alliance to End 
Repression. 

Senator Thurmoxd. What does this Alliance to End Repression 
do to warrant receiving funding? What do they claim they do to war- 
rant to receive law enforcement funds ? 

Mr. Dorxeker. They claim to be working with the court system 
through the Cook County special bail project, attempting to obtain 
court reform. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Do you know specifically what moneys have been 
received by the Alliance to End Repression through this chain, from 
the LEAA appropriations ? 

Mr. Dorxeker. I have that information, but it's currently locked up 

in the safe, and I do not have access to that, nor the rest of 

Mr. SouRWixE. For the committee's information, Mr. Chairman, 
we will ask the witness to affirm that this is accurate as far as he knows, 
that in 1973 for the so-called bail project the Alliance got $22,152 in 
Federal funds from LEAA. In 1974, for the bail project, the Alliance 
got $38,297. In 1974 they also got $30,000 for their citizens alert proj- 
ect, which the witness has testified about already. 

Do you know of any other allocations of LEAA funds to the al- 
liance ? 

Mr. Dorxeker. Your figures sound correct. I have the information, 
as I said, concerning this situation, but it is locked up now. 
Mr, SouRwaxE. From memory you cannot say. 
Mr. Dorxeker. Xo, sir. 

Mr. Sourwixe. I have no more questions of the witness, Mr. Chair- 
man. 

Senator Thurmoxd. Thank you very much for your appearance. 

Mr. Dorxeker. Thank you. 

Mr. SouRWix^E. I hope we didn't shut you off. 



82 

Mr. DoRNEKER. I would just say in regards to the Illinois Law 
Enforcement Commission, there are members of the Illinois Law En- 
forcement Commission that did hold offices, or are still connected 
with the Alliance to End Repression, which gives the Alliance a very 
strong voice in receiving funds. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, can you give us chapter and verse on how 
many such persons there are ? 

Senator Thurmond. Can you give us the names of those, furnish 
that information for the record here ? 

Mr. Dorneker. Yes, sir. Do you want me to give you the names 
now? 

Senator Thurmond. You can turn it over and we will insert it in 
the record. AVithout objection, that will be inserted in the record at 
the appropriate place. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

Among those persons who have been appointed to the Illinois Law Enforce- 
ment Commission (I.L.E.C.) the following have been associated with the Alliance 
To End Repression : 

Warren Wolfson, listed as member of Board of Directors of the Alliance To 
End Repressions Cook County Special Bail Project, July 24, 1970. Withdrew 
as member of Board July 1973, as he was appointed to the Illinois Law Enforce- 
ment Commission so as not to create a conflict of interest. Held meetings in 
his oflBce with Cook County Special Bail Project members to advise them as 
late as January 1975. 

James Taylor, June 1972, Taylor was a member of the Board of the Alliance 
To End Repressions Citizens Alert and also member of Advisory Board of the 
Alliances Cook County Special Bail Project. 

Sgt. Arthur Lindsay, John Hill stated that when the Alliance To End Re- 
pressions project would not be funded, Sgt. Lindsay contacted him and said 
not to worry, that the project would be funded. 

James Haddad, during meetings with Cook County States Attorney Carey, 
the Alliance To End Repression inquired as to who in his oflBce the Alliance 
could establish as a contact. James Haddad was the contact between the Alli- 
ance To End Repression and the States Attorneys oflSce. 

Cook Country Special Bail Project 

(Meeting: Wednesday, March 15, 1972 7:30 P.M., 22 East Van Buren Street, 

Chicago. ) 

From : James Zacharias, Chairman. 

To : All Members of the Board of Directors. 

AGENDA 

Meeting Minutes of February 16 Board and March 1 Executive Committee : 
Joan Hoffman. 
Interviewers' Statement : John Rocacz, Wayne Rusch. 
Personnel Committee, Job Descriptions : Mary Powers. 
Statistical Report, Plans and Accomplishment : Starr Tomaczek. 
Follow Up Program, P. & A. : Jerald Westermeyer. 
Court Activities and Records : Sheila Ryan. 
CNA Foundation : Judith McArdle. 
Funding : Joan Hoffman. 
Treasurer's Report, Audit : Marian Hurley. 
Executive Director's Report, 8 Points : Vance Archer. 
Consultant's Report : John Hill. 

Cook County Special Bail Project, Advisory Board 

Gene Bear Bow, Indians for Indians, 4606 N. Kenmore, 275-3988. 

Norman Boyden, Supt. of Public Instruction, 188 W. Randolph, 793-3854. 

Robert Cummins, Hume Clement Hume & Lee, 1st National Bank Plaza, 

726-4848. 



83 

Robert Howard, Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Underlaw, 53 W. Jack- 
son, 939-5797. 

Irene Hutchenson, Hull House Uptown Center, 4520 N. Beacon. 

John Hill, 22 E. Van Buren, 427-4064. 

E. Duke McNeil, The Woodlawn Organization, 1135 E. 63rd St., 289-5840. 

Harry Turkington, National Lawyers Guild, 939-2492. 

Leo king, WTTW Television, 5400 N. St. Louis, 583-5000. 

Val Klink, 176 W. Adams-Suite 1948, 726-2220. 

Rev. Dick Lawrence. 8039 S. Phillips. 731-5886. 

George Laronge, American Indian Center, 1630 W. Wilson, 878-3200. 

Gary Palm, University of Chicago, Mandel Legal Aid Clinic, Fa 4-5181. 

Ellis Reid, Cook County Bar Association, 110 S. Dearborn, 372-5438. 

Garmon Velasquez, 3528 W. 72nd, 641-4598. 

Stephen Schiller, Dept. of Criminal Justice, U. of I. Circle Campus, 663-5290. 

Jim Tavlor, Action for Survival, 4500 S. Michigan, 285-5800.' 

Warren Wolf son, 221 N. La Salle, 346-0285, 822-9343. 

Treasure^j's Report — March 15, 1972 

RccctDts 
March 1: CLC— Woods $1074.00 

Expenditures 
March 1 : Salaries : 

John Hill 192. 76 

Vance Archer 517. 62 

JoAnn Baustin 521. 51 

Total 1231. 89 

March 1: Rent 150.00 

March 10: Secretary of State 7.00 

Total 1388. 89 

Bank Balance: February 16, 1972 496.23 

Deposit: March 1 1074.00 

Total 1570. 25 

Less expenditures 1388. 89 

Balance 181. 34 

Board of Directors 

Ms. Clare Benford, 1007 W. Rush, Chicago, 111. 

Starr Tomozek, 927 Davis, Evanston, 111. 

Mr. Jerry Westermeyer, 1221 Lee St., Melrose Park, 111. 

Ms. Shelia Ryan, 5412 N. Lynch, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Vance Archer, 5414 S. Ingleside, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Henry Bassett, 1962 E. 71st PL, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Milt Cohen, 5322 S. Kimbark, Chicago, 111. 

Ms. Mary Cummins, 8919 S. Justine, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. David Cushing, 1645 West 100 PI., Chicago, 111. 

Ms. Doris Hicks, 25 E. Chestnut, Chicago, 111. 

John Hill, Alliance to End Repression, 22 East Van Buren, Chicago, 111. 

Ms. Joan Hoffman, 5484 S. Everett, Chicago, 111. 

Ms. Marian Hurley, 5228 N. Long. Chicago, HI. 

Ms. Sylvia Kushner, 4240 N. Clarendon, Chicago, 111. 

Ms. Judi MeanUe, 27 N. Cornell, Villa Park, 111. 

Mr. Dan Morris, 1400 E. 57th St., Apt. 201, Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. Mary Powers, 860 Lincoln Ave., Winnetka, 111. 

Mr. Wayne Rusch, 64 E. Jackson, 6th floor, Chicago, 111. 

James Zacharias, 937 Gordon Terrace, Winnetka, 111. 

Mr. John Rokacz, 64 E. Jackson, 6th floor, Chicago, 111. 

Senator Thtjrmoxd. Do you have anything else ? 
Mr. SouRwiNE. I have two or three things. I want to get some 
documents identified. 



84 

Senator Thuemond. I have to go for a little while, I have some 
people waiting. I will be back in a little bit. Counsel, I suggest you 
continue, I will be back. 

Mr. SoTJEWiNE. Very good. 

Now, Mr. Witness, the chairman has temporarily left the room 
and has instructed that we go ahead. Do you have any objection to 
that procedure? 

Mr, DoRNEKER. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You can't be compelled to continue. If you do con- 
tinue, the testimony that you give here will be a part of the record, 
which you will have an opportunity to correct. After you have cor- 
rected it and returned it, it will become a part of the record submitted 
by you voluntarily under oath. You understand that ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Have you seen this ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, I have. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Can you tell us if this was circulated by the Alli- 
ance to End Repression ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir, it is. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That was circulated generally throughout Chicago ? 

Mr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Mr. Chairman, I ask that this may go into the 
record, it is headed "Alliance open letter", 

[The document subsequently was ordered into the record.] 

[The material referred to follows :] 



85 



the aUiance 



openHteR 



At this moment, a qualitatively new in- 
itiative is needed to defend our freedoms, 
and stop repression. Toward this end, 
we propose the building of a unified, in- 
clusive, action-oriented alliance of org- 
anizations of many kinds to: 

1) place the defense of our basic free- 
doms as a top priority; 

2) focus public attention on each major 
incident of repression, interpreting it in 
the light of many other such instances in 
order to make the emerging pattern of 
repression clearly visible; 

3) develop the material and organization- 
al power and resources to deal with re-r 
pression at every level; and 

4) enlist the support and commitment of 
largenumbers of people, including many 
who until now have been passive. 

Organizationally, we seek to create a 
flexible framework which will permit 
each organization to maintain its identity 
and autonomy, to deal with such issues 
as it chooses, without, however, sacri- 
ficing the ability of the Alliance to act 
quickly and decisively. 

This structure is intended to serve as a 
center for coordinated action, evaluation 
of priorities, and exchange of relevant 
information and educational resources. 




60-030 O - 75 - 4 



86 



m 

m 


iiiii 


opeo] 


et 


t 



Number 1 
April 1971 



The Alliance Open Letter is published 
periodically by the Alliance to End 
Repression, 431 S. Dearborn, Room 1126, 
Chicago, Illinois 60605. 

Editor: Dave Meade 

Art Director: myke waitsman 



1971 The Alliance to End Repression 



87 



the p Of the alliance 



As 1969 came to an end, a number of events, 
local and national, highlighted the rapid erosion 
of constitutional rights. Among these were the 
Chicago "anti-riot" conspiracy trial, the deaths 
of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark in a police 
raid on their apartment, the undermining of the 
civil libertarian trend in the Supreme Court in 
the president's designation of Judges 
Haynesworth and Carswell, and the plethora 
of repressive bills flowing into the Congress. 

A score of leaders of human rights-oriented 
organizations reached the conclusion that a 
new initiative was needed to reverse the 
anti-libertarian trend before it undercut our 
freedoms beyond the point of recovery. 
The decision was made to launch the Alliance 
to End Repression. 

Formative meetings were held in January, 
February and March of 1970 during which 
time the statutes of the organization were 
drafted and ratified. The Alliance opened 
its office on April 1, 1970 with John Hill and 
Betty Plank coordinating the collective endeavor. 
John had been the founding president of the 
Association of Chicago Priests. Betty had been 
director of Friendship House. A Steering 
Committee was formed, officers were elected, 
monthly Council meetings were scheduled, 
and the first task forces were convened. 

In the first year of the Alliance some important 
victories were achieved. Organizations affiliated 
with the Alliance joined in an appeal to the 
Federal Appellate Court for relief from the 
"gag rule" that Judge Robson had imposed 



on the defendants known as the "Chicago 15." 
The Appellate Court ordered Judge Robson 
to vacate his ruling as overbroad. The Alliance 
also arranged for 67 affiliate organizations to 
file petitions for the appointment of a special 
prosecutor in the Hanrahan/Panther case. 
Other organizations filed similar petitions and the 
special prosecutor was indeed appointed. 

Finally the Alliance's Task Force on Bail secured 
the cooperation of the Circuit Court of Cook 
County to introduce bail reform in the weekend 
Holiday Court. As a result, indigent accused 
persons now have legal representation at their 
bond hearing and the use of recognizance bonds 
has increased dramatically. 

Currently the Alliance's Task Forces are: Bail 
Reform, Legislation, Jury Reform, Justice in 
Law Enforcement, Political Trials and Judicial 
Accountability. 

There are about 70 groups working closely with 
the Alliance. Some of these are human relations 
groups or church organizations. Others represent 
persons who are the victims of repression. 

Finances were a particularly acute problem 
during the first year of the Alliance because 
the organization was new and largely unknown. 
As it has begun to be increasingly recognized, 
the outline of a dependable fiscal base is becoming 
clear. Funds come largely from individual pledges 
and organizational contributions. 



John Hill, executive coordinator 



the illlcers nt the alliance 



Chairman: Rev. Jack Mendelsohn, minister 
First Unitarian Church of Chicago 



Vice-Chairman: Joan Hoffman, of the 
57th Street Meeting of Friends 

Treasurer: Norman Boyden, director of 
Urban Crisis Program of the National 
Association of Social Workers 



Secretary: Thomas Sardina, volunteer 
staff of the Lawndale Peoples 
Planning and Action Conference 



Executive Coordinator: Rev. John Hill 
Assistant Coordinator: Betty Plank 



88 




Siauh 






The present bail system of Cook County negates 
the principles of presumption of innocence, the 
right to a fair trial, and due process for the poor, 
and is a possible source of social alienation of the 
innocent accused. A loss of employment income 
may force families onto the welfare rolls with 
the indignity and hardship involved, plus the 
increased burden to the taxpayer who then 
supports both the accused and his family until 
the time of trial. 

For the past eleven months, the Bail Task Force 
has been directing its efforts to implementing 
a more comprehensive release on a recognizance 
program for those accused whose family, employ- 
ment, or community ties indicate that they would 
be good risks. Insufficient legal representation 
and hurried bond hearings were the most 
immediate factors contributing to the low 
number of release on recognizance bonds set. 

Members of the Task Forefe did extensive 
research into the bail programs in effect in 
various parts of the country and hundreds 
of volunteers were enlisted to make observations 
in our courts. Attempts were made to solicit the 
cooperation of Judge Boyle, but he gave no 
encouragement toward any change in the system. 
Finally, after intensive observation and documen- 
tation of proceedings in Holiday Court, when it 
was found that on the average weekend bail 
hearings lasted less than one minute and no 
inquiry was made regarding the financial ability 
of the accused, we were able to enlist the 
cooperation of Chief Justice Eugene 



Wachowski of the Municipal Division, who has 
met with Task Force members every week to 
discuss their observations of the previous 
weekend. There has been a gradual slowing 
down of the hearings and the judges have 
become more attentive to the financial ability 
and background of the accused in setting bond. 

A Wieboldt Foundation grant of $8000 has been 
received for a ten-week pilot program in which 
legal representation will be available for each 
person coming before the bench. Senior law 
students will interview the accused regarding 
their backgrounds, while Task Force 
representatives will verify all possible 
information to be presented to the judge. 

On the first weekend the program was in effect, 
almost all defendants were represented by 
attorneys and almost all bonds were recognizance 
bonds. The presiding judge said he was 
"enormously helped" by the program, and 
Judge Wachowski, who went to observe the 
program in action, said that he was "very 
satisfied." 

These results are fulfilling the goal originally 
set for the Task Force at the Alliance Council 
meeting of April, 1970, and for which a sustained 
struggle was carried on for eleven months. It is 
hoped that the program may be expanded to the 
other courts eventually. 

Norman Boyden, chairman 




4 



89 



A Political Trials Task Force has 


signators for the ad's statement. 


been formed by the Alliance in the 


who will make contributions 


wake of the two most recent politically 


defraying the cost of the ad. Reprints 


repressive indictments initiated by the 


will be used to extend its educative 


government: the Angela Davis and 


value, since the community-at-large 


Berrigan-Ahmad (Harrison 6) conspiracy 


is ignorant, for the most part, of 


indictments. 


the underlying aspects behind 




conspiracy laws in general and the 


Seeing the need to focus on the 


Davis-Berrigan conspiracy charges 


repressive aspects of such indictments. 


in particular. Fact sheets on both 


the Task Force for the present will 


cases are being formulated also. 


not presume to judge guilt or innocence 


and will be available for distribution. 


in these cases. Instead, at this juncture. 


A speakers bureau for the Task 


it will attempt to point up the specious 


Force is a likelihood also. 


nature of government accusations 




against the accused: the belief 


Further plan; of the Task Force 


that alleged "conspiracy" charges 


will be to contact the news media 


are simply more examples to be 


to provide material for editorializing. 


added to the history of usage of 


enlist support of Chicago's newspaper 


political trials in America. 


editors, radio and television directors. 




and obtain talk-show interviews. 


Such conspiracy laws (patterned 


There will be a "letters-to -the- 


after British law dating from the 


editor" campaign, encouraging 


17th Century when Britain devised 


Alliance members and organizations 


such a scheme to put down ideological 


to mail a barrage of letters to 


foes of existing government) has been 


Chicago dailies, attempting to further 


variously put to use in this country 


enlighten and clarify the issues. This 


almost since its inception. Not 


is the second time the Alliance has 


much is popularly known about 


convened a Political Trials Task 


this phase of our history, and the 


Force to deal directly and head-on 


Task Force hopes to bring such 


with repression as an instrument 


knowledge to common light. 


of ideological warfare conducted 




by the government within our 


The gist of the Task Force's intent 


country. The first Political Trials Task 


at this stage Is to suggest that such 


Force, convened shortly after the 


charges and trials (and by direct 


Alliance was formed last year. 


inference the Davis & Berrigan-Ahmad 


successfully exposed Federal Judge 


indictments) are a means of government's 


Robson's "gag rule" which had 


putting down, through castigation 


silenced the Chicago 15 months 


and defamation, leading dissenters 


before their trial for burning draft 


against governmental policy and 


records. The ruling was overturned 


action. 


by the higher court. 


nans are in the works for placing a 


Dorothy Willey, secretary 


full-page ad in a Chicago daily, with 


Dorothy Willey is a volunteer worker 


a general statement reflecting the 


for Friendship House 


above views. The plan is to solicit 






5 



90 



The Legislative Task Force is in 
process of building a permanent 
coordinating structure based upon 
Congressional Districts and State 
Legislative Districts. Assignments 
have been made for the 2nd, 4th, 
5th. 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 13th 
Districts to begin organizational 
work in these areas. Coordinators 
will be needed for^ll 15 Chicago 
area Congressional Districts and 
sub-coordinators for the state districts 
which fall within them. At least 
200 active legislative workers will 
ultimately be needed to complete 
the structure. 

On a national level, there will again 
be sharp struggles in the new Congress 
to defeat repressive bills already 
introduced, and pass several libertarian 
measures. The most dangerous bills 
in the last Congress which failed 
passage - like the Defense Facilities 
and Industrial Security Act - have 
been re-introduced. In a renewed 
drive to repeal the Detention Act, 
25 senators and 112 congressman 
have co-sponsored repeal bills. 

On a state level. Senator Horsley, 
chairman of the commission to 



purportedly investigate "campus 
unrest," has introduced a sheaf of 
repressive bills. Other repressive 
measures, and some positive ones-like 
Sen. Newhouse's bill to repeal the 
"stop-and-frisk" law - will require 
action soon. 

All persons interested in legislative 
work, please send your names (with 
your Congressional District and State 
Legislative District indicated) to the 
Alliance office. 

Legislative Bulletins on federal and 
state legislation will soon be issued. 

A fact sheet on the Senate Internal 
Security Subcommittee's report on 
"subversion" in the Lincoln Park 
area of Chicago's north side is available. 
The SISS report is a serious attack 
upon the right of dissent of many 
community groups and churches 
which have worked for programs for 
poor people and minorities in the areas. 

Dick Criley, secretary 

Richard Criley is executive director of the 
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill 
of Rights 



1e§isltiii 



The task force is looking into the 

process of jury selectioh in order 

to find out why our juries are predominantly 

white, middle class and middle age. The 

present system draws jurors from the 

list of registered voters. This is 

required by Illinois law, and can be 

changed only by new legislation. 

Tom PoinDexter has pointed out 
two factors that mitigate against 
adequate numbers of jurors from 
black precincts. One is the relatively 
higher mobility in the poorer areas 
of the black community. The other 
is the proportionately higher 
numbers of " ghost" voters on these 
precinct lists. A questionnaire sent 
to either of these groups as their 
names come up in the random 
selection draws a "no return" 
and an empty spot in the 
geographical «epresentation. 

We are therefore exploring all possible 
ways of shifting from use of registered 
voter lists to some more inclusive 



source of names. The possibility 

of using a combination of the print-outs 

of the Internal Revenue Service and 

the Cook County Department of 

Public Aid lists for the zip codes 

in Cook County is being investigated 

by several task force members. 

If it turns out to be practically feasible, 

it will still be a formidable political 

struggle to get it accepted. 

In the meantime we are trying to 
plug another gap in our knowledge. 
Judy Mott is working to get a copy 
of the rules laid down by the judges 
of the Circuit court for the operation 
of the Jury Commission. We are 
moving toward a meeting with Judge 
Ward. We also are asking all member 
organizations in the Alliance to poll 
their membership concerning their 
jury experience. 

Bob Mueller, chairman 

Rev. Robert Mueller is pastor of the 
West Side Christian Parish 




6 



91 



The newly reconstituted and renamed Task Force 
for Justice in Law Enforcement is now focussing 
on two concrete actions: 

1. Abolition of Corner's Inquest; substitution 
of a Medical Examiner 

Background: The Coroner's Inquest is an 
un-needed holdover from ancient times, 
duplicating the functions of the State's 
Attorney. In practice it serves two 
purposes — as an automatic white-wash 
of police responsibility in cases where 
civilians are killed, and as a reservoir for 
political patronage jobs. 
Its procedures are not bound by the rules of 
evidence or due process, making it an 
instrument for politically dictated verdicts. 
The federal grand jury which investigated 
the State's Attorney's raid which resulted 
in the killing of Fred Hampton and Mark 
Clark was particularly critical of the 
performance of the coroner's jury, and 
suggested its abolition. All four major 
Chicago daily newspapers have urged that 
this be done. 

The Task Fores will seek introduction and 
passage of legislation by the State Legislature 
to abolish the coroner's office and substitute 
a medical examiner, whose sole function will 
be to determine the physical cause of death. 



2. Investigation of Police raids 

Background: On Jan. 21, 1971, the Sun-Times 
carried a story outlining the substance of a 
new police training bulletin on police raids. 
It appears to make raids similar to that in the 
Hampton-Clark killing a standing operating 
procedure of the police department. 
The question of the bulletin was taken up 
before the Board of Police at its Feb. 11 
meeting. Chairman KremI took the position 
that since this was a purely "administrative" 
matter, it should be taken up with the 
Superintendent of Police. The Task Force, 
while not agreeing that this is not the 
responsibility of the Board, will now seek 
an appointment with Superintendent Conlisk. 
Further action will depend upon the outcome 
of this meeting. 

To implement these two actions, the Task Force 
can now use a large number of active members 
for a variety of jobs — research, observers 
at coroner's inquests, liaison workers to contact 
community organizations, and lobbyists. 
A third action being planned will be directed 
toward repeal of the Illinois "stop-and-frisk" 
law. Sen. Newhouse is expected to re-introducs 
a bill to abolish this repressive practice. 



During the next month or so, members of the 
Task Force on Judicial Accountability will visit 
representatives of various organizations, bar 
associations and law schools to describe the 
project we're about to embark on — and also 
to get their advice and help. The project will 
involve intensive observing of judges now sitting 
in the Criminal Division of the Cook County 
Circuit Court, particularly seven or eight who 
will be on the retention ballot in 1972. Data 
will be compiled on their judicial practices, to be 
used as the basis of a county-wide educational 
campaign. ' 

The purpose of the Task Force is to create a sense 
of accountability to the public by people on the 
bench, and a sense of responsibility by those who 
nominate, assign and supervise them. Our purpose 
also is to encourage people and organizations to 
take actions as citizens when their public servants 
in the judiciary are not performing with fairness 
and justice. We intend to give them hope that 
something can be done. 

We will focus on two or three of the judges who 
are the most incompetent, the most unjust; 
judges whose rules appear to be influenced by 
dout, or money, or prejudice or whim; judges 
who use their power irresponsibly. We will 
document their inconsistencies and mount a 
public campaign to get them off the bench. 



ustice 

H 

aw 

rce- 
meiit 




Tom PoinDexter, chairman 



This project will involve the public in judicial 
selection, and also take the process down 
town to bring the people who assign judges 
under public scrutiny. 
The Task Force will begin by going to such 
organizations as the Independent Voters of 
Illinois, Independent Precinct Organization, 
Committee on Illinois Government, Chicago 
Bar Association, Cook County Bar Association, 
Chicago Lawyers Guild, Chicago Council of 
Lawyers, American Civil Liberties Union, and 
the deans of the four law schools at the 
University of Chicago, Northwestern, Loyola 
and DePaul. 

We will ask their advice on who to watch 
and what to watch for. Judges have great 
discretionary powers, and some judges 
demonstrate glaring inconsistencies. We 
need to find out what are the areas of power 
that judges can abuse which are detrimental 
to a defendant's human and civil rights. We 
need observers to watch them every time they 
are sitting through the spring and summer — 
and to keep a diary. 

Ann Seng, chairman 

Sister Ann Seng is a staff member of the 
Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago 




J 



92 







BACKGROUND: ACADEMIC FREEDOM 

Angela Davit, a 27— year— old Black scholar, 
first became the object of wide-spread publicity 
when her position as assistant professor of 
philosophy at the University of California at 
Lot Angeles vi/as challenged by Governor Ronald 
Reagan and the University's Board of Regents. 
Her membership in the Communist Party was 
revealed in a hearing of the Subversive Activities 
Control Board — a fact she readily admitted. 
Over the objections of the UCLA student body, 
the faculty and the administration, she was fired 
in an unprecedented action by the Board of 
Regents. Her suit contending that political 
affiliation per se does not constitute lawful 
grounds for dismissal is pending before the 
California State Supreme Court. 

As a contequence of the heated public 
controversy. Miss Davis alleges that she 
received a number of threats to her life. 
She purchased firearms, and in February, 1970, 
accepted the services of a volunteer bodyguard, 
Jonathan Jackson, younger brother of George 
Jackson, one of the "Soledad Brothers." 

INVOLVEMENT IN THE CASE 
OF THE "SOLEDAD BROTHERS" 

Early in 1970, controversy erupted over murder 
charges placed against three Black inmates of 
California's Sol^ad Prison, who became 
subsequently known as the "Soledad Brothers." 
Their defense committee has charged that 
virulent racial prejudice on the part of prison 
authorities was at the root of the prosecution. 
Miss Davit became actively and publicly 
involved in the defense effort. When defense 
attorneys succeeded in getting the trial moved 
to San Francisco, the three "Soledad Brothers" 
were transferred from Soledad to San Quentin 
Prison in the Bay area. 

THE ATTEMPTED KIDNAPPING AT 
MARIN COUNTY COURT HOUSE 

On August 7, Jonathan Jackson entered the 
Marin County courtroom of Judge Harold 
J. Haley, where the trial of a San Quentin 
prisoner was in progress. He held up the 



courtroom at gun-point, handed weapons 
to the defendant, and to Ruchell Magee 
and another prisoner wha'were present as 
witnesses. Taking with them the judge, 
district attorney and three jurors as hostages, 
the four attempted to escape in a Ford van. 
Jackson was alleged to have shouted as he 
left the courtroom that the hostages would be 
freed in return for the release of the "Soledad 
Brothers." 

Guards and police opened fire as the van 
attempted to pull away. In the melee, 
Jackson, two of the escaping prisoners and 
Judge Haley were killed on the spot. Magee 
and one juror were wounded. The coroner's 
testimony stated that Judge Haley was killed 
by two shots, both fatal, striking him simultan- 
eously — one by a shotgun held by an escapee, 
the other from a guard's rifle. The firearms 
brought into the courtroom by Jackson were 
traced to Angela Davis and a warrant was issued 
for her arrest. She was apprehended in New 
York City on October 13, 1970. 

THE INDICTMENT: CHARGES AND 
ALLEGED OVERT ACTS 

The indictment charges Angela Davis and Ruchell 
Magee with three felonies: (1) kidnapping with 
the intent to hold hostages for ransom or 
extortion; (2) the murder of Judge Haley; and 

(3) conspiracy with the deceased Jonathan 
Jackson and "persons unknown" to commit 
kidnapping and murder, to escape by force and 
violence from prison custody, and to rescue from 
lawful custody the three "Soledad Brothers." 

The overt acts charged against Angela Davis are: 
(1) attendance at a rally for the freedom of the 
"Soledad Brothers" in Los Angeles on June 9, 
1970; (2) purchase of a Browning automatic 
pistol In Los Angeles, Jan. 12,1968; (3) purchase 
of a carbine in Los Angeles, April 7, 1969; 

(4) purchase of a carbine in Los Angeles, July 25, 
1970; (5) attempting to visit George Jackson in 
San Quentin, accompanied by Jonathan Jackson, 
Aug. 4, 1970; (6) accompanying Jonathan 
Jackson to San Quentin when the latter visited 
his brother, Aug. 5, 1970; (7) purchase of a 
shotgun in San Francisco, Aug. 5, 1970; 



8 



93 



(8) being in the vicinity of the Marin County 
Court House with Jonathan Jackson on Aug. 6, 
1970; overt acts (9) (10) (11) and (12) relate to 
incidents of the kidnapping when Miss Davis was 
not present; (13) taking a plane from San 
Francisco to Los Angeles on the afternoon of 
Aug. 7, 1970. 

ANALYSIS OF THE EVIDENCE 
PRESENTED TO THE GRAND JURY 

Testimony to the grand jury establishes that 
all of the purchases of firearms were made by 
Angela Davis after providing identification 
papers, date and place of birth, residence, 
physical description and her signature. 
When taking the plane to Los Angeles, she 
identified herself and paid with a personal 
check. Her support for the defense of the 
"Soledad Brothers," however distasteful 
to the California state administration, was 
public and clearly within her rights under 
the First Amendment. By itself, each of 
the overt acts alleged was unquestionably 
legal. 

There is no evidence that she was in the 
vicinity of the attempted kidnapping. 
There is no evidence of any concealment 
or subterfuge in any of her actions prior to 
the issuance of a warrant for her arrest. There 
is no direct evidence showing prior krtowledge 
of the kidnap attempt or Intent to assist It. 
The law requires that prior knowledge and 
intent be proved beyond a reasonable doubt 
and to the exclusion of any other reasonable 
explanation for her actions. 

SOME OTHER LEGAL QUESTIONS 
IN THE DAVIS CASE 

Under the California murder statute, any 
complicity is subject to the maximum penalty 
of death. Aside from questions of the fairness 
of this law, why has the prosecution also found 
it necessary to bring in the additional charge 
of "conspiracy"? Is It because the conspiracy 
law is a device which advantages the prosecution 
when clear evidence of guilt is lacking? 

What evidence is there that a conspiracy existed, 
when the state is compelled to charge that 
(other than the deceased Jonathan Jackson) it 
consisted of "persons unknown"? 



In the absence of any direct evidence of prior 
knowledge and intent, did the grand jury have 
probable cause to legally justify the Indictment 
of Angela Davis? In the light of the lack of 
evidence on the crucial Issue, can the court 
legally refuse to permit her release on reasonable 
bail or recognizance? 

PREJUDICIAL TREATMENT 
OF ANGELA DAVIS 

While Miss Davis was being sought (prior to the 
Issuance of the indictment), the FBI placed her 
on the "Ten Most Wanted List", declaring her 
to be "armed and dangerous." This received 
nationwide publicity and appears highly 
prejudicial to a fair and impartial trial. 

While Miss Davis was Imprisoned in New York, 
pending her extradition to California, she was 
held in solitary confinement and denied all 
ordinary privileges including access to reading 
materials. Only after her desperate recourse to 
a hunger strike were these special conditions 
rescinded. 

The record of her long struggle for the right to 
teach at UCLA clearly establishes the prejudice 
of California state authorities against her political 
beliefs as a Black radical. Her removal from her 
teaching post by the Reagan-appointed Board of 
Regents had been widely condemned by the 
academic and Black communities and appears 
to violate California court rulings. Her exposure 
of the deplorable, racist conditions in Soledad 
Prison was embarrassing to the Reagan Admini- 
stration. To what degree is the prosecution of 
these criminal charges against Angela Davis 
motivated by highly political considerations. 

Will the record bear out the validity of Angela 
Davis' statement (11/10/70) ? 

"Ronald Reagan and the State of California 
having first demanded my job because I 
was a member of the Communist Party, 
are now demanding my life. Why? 
Net because I am guilty of the framed- 
up charge for which there Is no evidence 
whatever, but rather because. In their 
warped vision, a person who is a 
revolutionary is a priori a criminal/ 

—from Task Force on Political Trials 
Harold Quigley, chairman 



9 



94 






frm^^^ 



:l|SJf^ 



In England, a long time ago, when the 
king wanted to get rid of somebody, 
whenever a political disturber was in 
someone's way, they brought into the 
Star Chamber Court of London 
a charge of conspiracy. The irrational 
law of conspiracy is one of our least 
admirable legacies from those long 
ago times. We are not supposed to 
have political trials in America, 
but we have them, and when we do, 
conspiracy inevitably surfaces as the 
prosecutor's deadly tool. I define 
political trials in the classical sense 
as those where the fundamental 
offense of the accused is their hostility 
toward the existing political system. 
We must ask ourselves why these 
prosecutions are brought, and we 
must think ourselves into a world 
both strange and frightening. 

The conspiracy prosecution of Dr. 
Benjamin Spock, William Coffin and 
others was a national disgrace. Its 
genesis, its intended impact and the 
manner in which it was conducted 
degraded our system of justice. 

Though the convictions were overturned, 
there was no sign that those in authority 
were learning any lessons. We couldn't 
afford more such trials, but we could 
anticipate them, and sure enough, 
^long came the Chicago Conspiracy 
Seven debacle - a real mess, a 
reckless squandering of the legitimacy 
of our legal order, lawless by that 
legal order's own professed standards. 

Now we have Angela Davis incarcerated 
for conspiracy in California. And 
Eqbal Ahmad, Father Philip Berrigan 
and several other priests and a nun 
indicted for conspiracy in Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. 

In accordance with our system of 
jurisprudence, I assume all of these 
to be innocent until proven otherwise. 
I am not saying that because they are 
being prosecuted under the law of 
conspiracy, they are automatically 






endowed with special qualities of 
wisdom or innocence. I am saying 
that the use of this ancient tool of 
tyranny to prosecute them is 
suspect, and I will try to explain why. 

The workings of the law of conspiracy 
are as mysterious to the lay mind as 
the workings of Heisenberg's principle 
of uncertainty. While an expert is 
explaining it, there are glimmerings 
of understanding, but an hour later 
the understanding has turned to mist. 
Defending oneself against a charge 
of conspiracy is like finding an antidote 
for a poison you cannot identify. 

Take the word of experts. Supreme 
Court Justice Robert H. Jackson 
called conspiracy "that elastic, 
sprawling and pervasive offense ...so 
vague that it almost defies definition." 
From a legal text book, we have the 
pedantic opinion that "In the long 
category of crimes there is none more 
difficult to confine within the 
boundaries of definitive statement 
than conspiracy." An English 
authority lugubriously informs us: 
"No intelligible definition of 'conspiracy' 
has yet been established." The 
California legislature reduced the 
whole question to absurdity by 
describing the crime in terms of itself. 
Says the California Penal Cole: 
"Conspiracy defined: If two or more 
persons conspire to commit any crime. . ." 

A conspiracy, then, is a conspiracy. 

Ever since the Star Chamber doctrine 
of conspiracy was laid down in 
1611, the essence of the crime lies 
not in a crime committed, but in an 
alleged agreement to plan a crime. 
Thus conspiracy law relieves the 
prosecutor of proving any actual 
wrongdoing. As Clarence Darrow of 
blessed memory phrased it, if a boy 
steals candy, he has committed a 
misdemeanor. If two boys plan to ^ 
steal candy but don't do it. they are 
guilty of a conspiracy, a felony. 



10 



95 



By virtue of this far-out reasoning, 
conspiracy has long been the darling 
of prosecutors bent on legally roughing 
up union organizers, radicals, political 
dissenters, opponents of government 
policies, and assorted abrasive personalities 
who could not otherwise be sealed 
legally into a prison. 

One of the earliest Star Chamber 
outrages in America was the 1806 
conspiracy case against Philadelphia 
journeymen shoemakers. The court 
ruled that because the journeymen 
shoemakers went on strike for higher 
wages, thus agreeing to "withold 
their labors" from their masters, they 
were guilty of criminal conspiracy. 

Not until the days of the New Deal 
did legislation put an end to using 
conspiracy law as a lethal weapon 
against labor unions. 

Senator Joseph McCarthy's heyday 
let loose a major revival of conspiracy 
law. In 1948, the leaders of the Communist 
Party were hauled before the bar of 
justice, under the Smith Act, and 
charged with "conspiracy to advocate" 
the overthrow of the U.S. government 
by force and violence. Mark you, 
these defendants were not charged 
with committing acts of violence; 
they were not charged with advocating 
acts of violence. Their sin was still 
another step removed. They were 
charged with conspiring to advocate 
acts of violence at some unnamed time 
in the future. And one by one, though, 
by today's standards, a tame and mellow 
lot, they were convicted. The slow 
grindings of the appeals courts and the 
Supreme Court eventually reversed 
most of the convictions, but always 
on technicalities. The fundamentally 
odious doctrine of conspiracy emerged 
unscratched. 

The Rosenbergs, husband and wife, 
went to their deaths, and Morton 
Sobell was sentenced to prison for 
thirty years, not as widely believed, 
for espionage, but for conspiracy 
to commit espionage. No proof was 



~ever submitted that they actually 
transmitted atomic secrets to the 
Russians. To this day the Supreme 
Court has declined to review their 
cases. 

When we lay people are initiated 
into the implausible rites and mysteries 
of conspiracy law, we feel that we 
have been suddenly severed from all 
preconceived definitions and notions 
of how justice and due process are 
supposed to work. Think then of 
how it must feel tp be accused of 
conspiracy, to find oneself all at once 
stripped of many of the procedural 
safeguards available to a defendant 
in an ordinary criminal case. 

Accusations of crime are normally 
required to be specific as to time and 
place. In conspiracy cases, the prosecutor 
is allowed an exaggerated latitude. 

Each accused member of a conspiracy 
is automatically liable for the statements 
and actions of every other member, 
whether or not he is aware of what they 
said and did. 

The overt acts cited in a conspiracy indict- 
ment may oe entirely innocent - a 
telephone call, a social gathering, 
a chance encounter. No matter. 
A conspiracy may be proved by 
evidence that is admissable only 
upon assumption that a conspiracy 
existed. In other words, the law is 
stood on its head. The defendant 
has to prove that he is innocent. 

By the law of conspiracy, the vast 
complexity of our times, the painfully 
disjointed nature of reality, can be 
reduced to banal repression. When we 
cannot comprehend current events, or 
do not wish to, we cry conspiracy. To 
the extent that we are able, we must 
work for an end to this cruel, tyrannical 
resort to magic in place of justice. We 
must penetrate the cheap allure of conspiracy 
in our thinking and in our law. 



Jack Mendelsohn, chairman of the Alliance 



11 



90 




llJJIIAUlJllflWl^lBjfi^ff^^ 1,1. .• kJI.IU, 



cita.i,,AS.:^^:i;-<^^.d^t.i:'.^u^;«^^^s^A;-3^^ 



"Most prisoners should not be in 
prison; most prisons should not 
exist." That was the claim heard 
most often by the 70—90 people 
attending a conference on prisons 
February 5—6, sponsored by a 
number of groups including the 
AFSC, CADRE, Help for Imprisoned 
War Objectors, and the Alliance to 
End Repression. 

The conference provided a forum 
for letting ex-prisoners speak for 
themselves, describing American 
prisons from the standpoint of 
those who know them best. All 
agreed that prisons dehumanize 
rather than rehabilitate, that 
conditions inconceivable in a 
civilized society are the norm, that 
life in prison is the worst possible 
preparation for life on the outside. 
Parole boards are arbitrary, 
ex-prisoners said, rewarding 
dependent behavior which robs 
prisoners of the self-reliance 
necessary to function in society, 
while ignoring factors such as 
In-prison job training. Upon 
release, prisoners are often given 
a useless set of clothes and $50 
on which to live while searching 
for a job and waiting to be paid. 
Then the authorities wonder why 
so many ex-cons return so quickly. 
EiTprisoners cited the relation 
of racism to the prison system, 
noting for instance the fact that 
the percentage of blacks in Illinois 
prisons has soared from 25% to 65% 
in the last thirty years. 
Various prison "reforms" also came 
under attack. David Greenberg of 




CADRE noted that the much-praised 
California system of indeterminate 
sentences results in longer sentences 
and more prisoners, but no change 
in recidivism or crime rate. 

Afternoon workshops stressed a 
number of attempts to secure legal 
and human rights throughout the 
prison and court system. Alliance 
representatives described the Courtwatching 
and Bail projects. Former prisoners 
explained ex-convict-run efforts to 
provide help and jobs for newly-released 
men and women. A Black Panther 
Party representative discussed their 
transportation program for families 
of men in downstate prisons. 

A number of continuing projects 
were discussed by participants. 
Anyone interested in participating 
or in receiving more information 
can contact "Umbrella" (an orga- 
nization coordinating prison-related 
efforts) at AV 3-6262, David 
Finke at AFSC, HA 7-2533, or 
Dave Greenberg at 288-5235. 
Dave Greenberg is also a contact 
for groups wishing speakers or 
panels from the ex-prisoners' 
speakers' bureau. And, of course, 
all related Alliance projects are con- 
stantly in need of new participants. 
The prison conference was held in 
the Hyde Park L<nion Church. 

Mike Stone 

Mike Stone is a graduate student at the 
University of Chicago Divinity School 
and staff member of the Christian 
Century magazine 



titUmmii 



•-"" -—---■■■ "— -- 



i. 



J 



CHKAGO SUN-TIMES, Man., Mar. 1, 1971 
By Tom Fitzpatrick 

Miss Jane Kennedy, 44, was once (he assistant director of 
nursing for research and studies at Billings Hospital. 

Now Miss Kennedy Is imprisoned in the Detroit House of 
foirection in a maximum security cottaye reserved for in- 
mates who are considered dangerous. 

Miss Kennedy, who holds a master's degree from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania and who has taught at the universities 
of Pennsylvania and Kentucky and at Loyola University, 



recently was awarded a new honor by the warden of the pris- 
on. 

"She's the most troublesome prisoner I've come in contact 
with in more than 40 years," said Warden W. H. Bannon. 

The Michigan parole board must shafe warden Bannon's 
views. Recently, when Miss Kennedy came up for parole they 
decided to deny her any relief from her indeterminate sen- 
tence for another 18 months— a truly unusual holdover (or a 
prisoner not charged with a violent crime. 

Just what is it that Miss Kennedy has done? Why is she 
considered such a dangerous person? 



12 



97 



WELL, irS A FAIRLY LONG STORY, but it's an impor- 
tant one. 

Tlje Jaiie Kennedy story shows what happens to people who 
put their lives on the line because they believe the war in 
Vietnam is an evil thing and that it must be stopped. 

It all began several years ago when Jane Kennedy went to 
hear a lecture given by an anti-war priest. 

"Go home tonight," the priest concluded," and ask yourself 
what you have actually done to halt the war in Vietnam." 

Jane asked herself that question and decided that she hadn't 
done anything. 

So she Joined a group that called itself Beaver 55. It included 
seven others who wanted to do something about stopping the 
war, no matter what the consequences might be to them- 
selves. 

THE GROUP TOOK PART in two anti-war actions. On Oct. 
31, 1969, It raided an Indianapolis draft board and destroyed 
all the 1-A files. A week later it went to Midland, Mich., broke 
into the Dow Chemical Co. plant and destroyed computer 
tapes on defoliants. 

Five members of the group held a press conference in Mid- 
land two weeks later— during Moratorium week — and ad- 
mitted their part in the two raids. They were arrested imme- 
diately. 

Jane and her four companions pleaded guilty to the Dow 
raid and were sentenced to serve from a year and a day to 
four years. They were also convicted for the Indianapolis raid 
and sentenced to four years each and ordered to pay $5,000 
fines. 

The second conviction is being appealed, but Jane is still 
serving time in the Detroit House of Correction for the Dow 
raid. > 

Recently, Jane and her four companions went before the 
parole board. David Williams, 20; Marty McNaniara, 21, both 
of Chicago; Michael Donner, 22, of Midland, and Tom Trost, 
37, of St. Paul, were granted their paroles and are about to be 
freed. 

Jane's parole was turned down and, as it stands now, she 
must wait another 18 months before she will get another hear- 
ing. 

Why? Here's how Jane explained it in a letter to her brother 
Philip, a member of the Alexian Brothers, a Roman Catholic 
order, who is stationed here in Chicago: 

"It is perfectly predictable in view of what is happening to 
the Berrigans. (Philip and Daniel Berrigan, anti-war Catholic 
priests, are brothers serving sentences for destroying draft 
records.) It Is clear that there are nothing but political consid- 
erations involved. . . . 

"All of the inmates and many of the personnel were as- 
tounded, because an 18 month flop is almost unheard of. As 
one matron said, 'I couldn't figure out what you had possibly 
done.' " 

PERHAPS THE BIGGEST THING that Jane Kennedy had 
done to show the parole board she was still "dangerous" was 
to smuggle out a letter to the National Catholic Reporter tell- 
hig of conditions in the Manon County Jail hi Indianapolis, 
where she was held for 24 days before being shipped to the 
Detroit House of Correction. 

Jane's article, which appeared last November, brought 
about a revocation of her rights to see anyone other than 
immediate relatives. It also resulted hi a curtailment of her 
right to send letters. 

In her article, Jane described unsanitary conditions, poor 
medical service, insufficient diet and arbitrary punishments 
banded out to inmates solely at the whim of prison guards. 



The publication of the article marked Jane as a force to be 
reckoned with. She was obviously willing to rock the boat even 
thought she was under the thumb of the very people who could 
easily avenge themselves without anyone ever becomhig the 
wiser. 

JANE MUST HAVE KNOWN that prison authoriUes were 
not going to be happy when she wrote, for example: 

"Suddenly, unexpectedly, the Incredible newness of dan- 
ger erupted into consciousness. Four women were called out 
of the cellblock in rapid succession. About three dozen of us 
remained hi the large dormitory area and waited for their 
return. 

"A half hour passed. An hour. Then murmurs. 

"Then came a muffled scream from the bowels of the 
prison. 'That's Penny I Shh, listen I They're taking them to 
the hole.' 

"At last our fears were confirmed. But why? What had 
Oiey done? Until we learned the answer to itM questloo, 
bow were we to guard against being sent to the hole for the 
same unknowing offense7All that night we lived near the 
abyss of the unimaginable." 

Warden Bannon expressed his exasperation over Jane 
Kennedy as a prisoner Simday afternoon. 

"SHE'S ALWAYS INVOLVED in mischief here," warden 
Bannon said. "She keeps telling everybody she's a political 
prisoner. I've been in prison work more than 40 years and 
I've never seen anything like her. 

"Every time she's told something to do she always has to 
ask why. She's like a lot of those people who want peace and 
think they can tear up other people's property. 

"Just the other day, she started a lot of trouble about die 
dentist we have here. She said that the prisoners didn't like 
the dentist and wanted a new one. 

"It was her idea that they had a right to pick their own 
dentist because he was working on their teeth. Well, that's 
none of their business. We pick the dentist we want" 

Warden Bannon said that Jane Is hi a way a symbol of the 
things that are taking place in prisons today. 

"In the old days we'd have people hi here who were strictly 
murderers or robbers. Now we're getting these protesters In 
and all they want to do is change things. Hell, they're sup- 
posed to be prisoners and here they are trying to run things. 
It's a lot of baloney." 

Warden Bannon does admit, however, that Jane has a right 
to feel badly about being passed over for parole. 

"I can see her side of it," he said. "The other four men got 
paroled out of Jackson prison and she's staying for another 18 
months. I can see why she'd be a little mad. I would be, too. 

"But that's the parole board's job. They do their own think- 
ing." 

According to letters sent by Jane, the parole board decided 
to pass her over because she gave the wrong answer when she 
was asked whether she would engage in similar actions In the 
future. 

"I talked about the fact that I didn't know If I would do It 
again," Jane wrote, "and that I could make no promise not to 
because it would depend upon what was happening in society. 

"I told them that I wanted orderly social change but that 
certain practices were totally unacceptable. Our killing one 
another is wrong. All else is possible if life exists but notUng 
(Is possible) If it does not." 

It apparently was for this answer that the parole board 
decided that Jane Kennedy was too dangerous to be released 
from prison hi a free society. 



13 



98 







Upon its formation, one of the first actions of 
the Alliance was the filing of an amicus curiae 
brief in the case of the Chicago 15 (anti-war 
protestors who burned draft files in May, 1969) 
As a result. Chief Judge Edwin Robson's 
pre-trial "gag rule" imposed on the defendents 
and their lawyers was overturned by the U.S. 
Court of Appeals. We believe Alliance members 
will be interested in knowing what has happened 
to the 15 since their trial last May and June. 

Of the eleven members of the 15 who appeared 
for trial in the first week of May, 1970 (four 
others — John Loll, John Phillips, John Pietra 
and Tom Smit — had gone underground 
previously), only seven remained for sentencing 
In June. Judge Robson declared Ed Hoffmans, 
32, mentally incompetent to stand trial and 
ordered him to the federal medical prison at 
Springfield, Mo., until able to be tried. Found 
competent shortly after his arrival, Ed was 
freed on bond Aug. 21. On Nov. 16, in 
return for a sentence of three years and no 
probation, Ed pleaded guilty. He began 
serving the sentence Jan. 8 and is now at 
the Sandstone, Minn., federal prison. 

During the last week of the trial, three 
defendents went underground. Linda 
Quint, 23, and Nicholas Riddell, 40, 
are still at large. On Dec. 17, Charlie Muse, 
23, walked jnto the Seattle federal marshall's 
office and turned himself in. On Jan. 8 Judge 
Robson told him, "You are not deserving of 
any mercy from this court." — and sentenced 
him to 10 years in prison. 

Seven other defendents received five year 
sentences and are serving them in federal 
prisons. Joe Mulligan, a 27 year old Jesuit, 
Fred Chase, 26, from Detroit, and Chuck 
Fullenkamp, 24, from Milwaukee, are at 
Sandstone. Joe and Chuck work in the kitchen 
and Fred is a baker. All were involved in a 
strike last August over the wages paid prisoners 
for their work, and did time in the hole and 
lost their good time for that protest. Joe, who 
is continuing his theological studies in prison 
and even gave a sermon at Sunday Mass, went 
up for parole in October and received a one 
year set-back. Chuck (he's continuing his yoga 
studies) and Fred have not gone up before the 
parole board yet. Shortly after 24-year-old 
Margaret Katroscik arrived at the federal women's 
prison at Alderson, W. Va., her father died; she 
was permitted to attend the funeral In Detroit 
alone. Margaret teaches G.E.D. and also is 



doing some art work. Appearing before the 
parole board last September, she received a 
ten month set-back to July, 1971. Bill 
Sweeney's father also died shortly after 
his arrival at the federal prison at El Reno, 
Okla., and he too was permitted to attend 
the funeral, but only with the accompaniment 
of two marshals at a cost of $600 raised by the 
Chicago 15 Defense Committee. In the fall, 
he and Bill Durkin, both 21 and both from 
Milwaukee, were transferred by a six-week 
trip through various prisons to Ashland, Ky. 
They went before the parole board in December 
and hope to be released by January, 1972. They 
both work in the educational unit at Ashland, 
along with Ed Gargan, 20, who's been at 
Ashland since July. Ed was interrupted in 
his Chinese course by a Dec. 8 court appearance 
in Madison, Wise, at which he pleaded guilty to 
having refused to register for the draft when he 
turned 18. On Jan. 5, he was sentenced to 15 
months, to be served concurrently with the 
five-year sentence. Ed went before the parole 
board in October and received a set-back to 
December of 1971. 

The 15 may receive mail from anyone, although 
there are restrictions on whom they write to. 
If anyone would care to write to them, their 
addresses are as follows: 



Joe Mulliagn 8290 
Fred Chase 8291 
Chuck Fullenkamp 8282 
Edward C. Hoffmans 

Federal Correctional Institution 

Box 1000 

Sandstone, Minnesota 55072 



William P. Sweeney 35869 
William A. Durkin 35870 
Ed Gargan 18436 M 

Federal Correctional Institution 

Box 888 

Ashland, Kentucky 41101 

Margaret Ann Katroscik 

Federal Women's Prison 

Box A 

Alderson, West Virginia 24910 

Charlie Muse will probably be sent to either 
Danbury, Connecticut or Lewisburg, 
Pennsylvania. 



99 




"America Is Hard To Find," the Berrigan Festival 
recording of imprisoned poet Father Daniel 
Berrigan, is being sold to raise money for 
resistance movements in Chicago and the 
Midwest. Father Dan recites some of his poetry 
on one side. A Rock Mass is on the other side. 
The record costs $5.00. 



The money goes to such movements as the 
Sandstone, Minn. (Federal Prison) Coffeehouse 
Organizing Committee, defense and appeal funds 
for the Chicago 15, Beaver 55, Minnesota Eight, 
Pontiac Four and other resistance needs. To 
order the record, make check payable to 
SONS & BROTHERS and mail to Box 282, 
Western Springs, III. 60558. 



100 



Political trials - guilty until proven innocent 

Conaputerized data bank on 25 million Americans 

Unequal justice without due process of law 

Electronic eavesdropping 

"No-knock" police raids • Preventive detention 

Inquisitorial legislative committees 

Concentration camps for Americans 

The Alliance to End Repression -- offers a pro- 
gram of action to reverse this trend toward a 
police state. 




1 IHi 




Former Attorney General of the United States 




Huron & Wabash 

Parking lot: One block east of the Cathedral 
CTA: Chicago Ave. subway station 

Broadway and Michigan Ave. bus lines 

Admission: $2.00 - Get tickets in advance 



t^!S,r. CHICII6D,lll.E0G0!i 




, i t|l,m,»mijy>^i i j«. i y [ t"W ' t". '  ^^■   ■^ w '■ I'll ' i ; .^ i ^«f HK i'i .i 



V .^"y i ^' 



k I'Hi rrfil 1 1 im I- I- ."■I n'iiit-t&il»i^ato«Ml 



101 

]Mr, SouRWixE. I have a document which begins with a quotation 
from Henry Steele Commager, it is identified as having been issued in 
the summer of 1972. AVas that circulated generally, in Chicago, by 
the Alliance to End Repression? 

^Nlr. DoRNEKER. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I offer this for the record. 

[The document subsequently was ordered into the record.] 

[The material referred to follows :] 



60-030 O - 75 - 5 



102 



miiiiiiiGtii 



iinii 

■ILI IIIUUIUII 



'Not since Senator Joseph McCarthy 
whipped up popular frenzy against 
the threat of Communism in high 
places have we suffered an attack 
upon oiir freedom as formidable 
as that which is now underway.' 



HENRY STEELE COMMAGER 
Chicago Sun Times, March 19, 1972 



SUMMES 1972 



103 



CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS 
UNDER ATTACK 

When a repressive government finds itself unable lo ;imend or repeal constitutional rights, 
it can nevertheless create those circumstances that make it virtually impossible tor people 
to exercise those rights. This systematic assault on freedom is repression. Rights become 
meaningless. 

RIGHT OF PROTEST 

The Administration is trying to revive Uie moribund Subversive Activities Control Board 
used in Joe McCarthy days hi hunt down political dissenters. 

RIGHT TO KNOW 

So essential in a democracy where government derives just authority only from an informed 
people, this right is being eroded by Administration policies. The government has asserted 
the right to examine the notes of reporters. The government has attempted to force one of 
the networks to surrender its tapes on "The Selling of the Pentagon." In Illinois an attempt 
is being made to repeal the Open Meeting Act which permits citizens to observe the pro- 
cesses of their government. 

TRIAL BY JURY 

The Supreme Court has ruled that unanimous jury verdicts are not always necessary to 
convict a defendant. 

DUE PROCESS 

The government has supported stop and frisk policies, unauthorized bugging, preventive 
detention (locking up a "dangerous" person before he is found guilty) and "no knock" laws 
(which permit police to raid without a search warrant). These policies negate the rights 
of presumption of innocence, reasonable bail, freedom from illegal search and seizure, 
all of which are an important part of due process. 



104 



ALLIANCE TO END REPRESSION 

Tlie Alliance is a coalition of fifty organizations -- church, human relations, civil liberties, 
and community -- working against REPRESSIVE LEGISLATION and a CRIMINAL JUSTICE 
SYSTEM that disregards constitutional rights. 



THE ALLIANCE TO END REPRESSION started in early 1970. The rising threat to 
civil lilierties got us togetlier. The Conspiracy Trial was in progress. State's Attorney Ed- 
ward Hanrahan's raiders had killed Mark Clark and Fred Hampton. President Nixon was 
trying to appoint Hayneswortii and Carswell to the Supreme Court. There were too many 
fires going on for the full time civil liberties agencies. A new quality of defense was needed • 
a broad-based people's movement to reverse the trend toward authoritarian government. 

We soon learned from tiie poor, tlie young, minorities and the dissenter groups who 
came to us how deeply entrenched repression was in the whole process of legal and criminal 
justice. So Task Forces were foraied to deal with these issues. 

New Task Forces were formed as new issues became apparent and we could mobilize 
the resources to work on them. Today tiiese include: Bail Reform, Prisons, Police-Commu- 
nity Problems, Jury Reform, Political Trials, Media Repression, Repressive Legislation, 
Reform of the Coroner's Office and Civil Rights in Cairo, Illinois. An ad hoc Task Force on 
Surveillance is gathering information for a Federal suit against the Chicago "Red Squad. " 
Anotlier one, educating the public on the repressive record of State's Attorney Hanrahan 
will be in full swing tliis summer. In addition, the Alliance has scheduled an Organizers 
Week til is summer to help train those in otlier cities to develop and organize similar opera- 
tions to change repressive institutions in tlieir communities. 

WHAT THE ALLIANCE HAS DONE 

> 

Our Cook County Special Bail Project has provided legal representation for tliousands 
of indigent defendants, reduced the jail population by hundreds saving taxpayers thousands of 
dollars each day. A criminology professor who has studied tlie project has said that it is 
possibly the only part of tlie local cri innal justice systei.. tliat is working well. 

We helped secure the repeal of tlie Emergency Detention Act of 1950. The repeal 
autliorized the closing down of four concentration camps in tliis country. 

And some other achievements of the Alliance to End Repression as noted in the 
press: 

"(Coroner) Dr. Toman announced plans for rehabilitating his office after the Alliance to 
End Repression complained to the Cook County Board tJiat there are 'serious problems in 
tJie Coroner's Office'. ' 

DAILY DEFENDER. November 17, 1971 

"Coroner Andrew J. Toman merits applause for his plan to reform his office procedures 
and seek legislation in Springfield abolishing coroner's juries in Cook County. The changes 
closely parallel those proposed in a Northwestern University study and backed by the 
Alliance to End Repression which wa.s also active in tlie bail bond reform movement." 

Editorial. CHICAGO DAILY NEWS, December 22, 1971 



105 



"(Tlie Alliance to End Repression) niatli. a successful effort to convince the U.S. Com- 
mission on Civil Riglits to hold hearings in Cairo, Illinois. " 



(O 

? 

CHICAGO TRIBUNE, Mav 4, 1972 K. 

CVJ 

r- 



"The Chicago Police Board voted. . . to make available to ilic public general orders and 
regulations of tlie police department. . . Tlie disclosure policy was sought by the Alliance 
to End Repression. " 

CHICAGO SUN TIMES. February 19, 1972 l£) 

o 

CD 

"The petition requesting the action (appointment of a special grand jury in Hanrahan/ Q 

Panther case) was filed by tlie American Civil Liberties Union and joined by the Alliance CD 
to End Repression. " O 

DAILY DEFENDER, November 17, 1971 O 

< 

o 



o 
&5 



'The Chicago Police Board has agreed to consider having a civilian work with the depart- 
ment's Internal Affairs Division, which investigates police misconduct. Tlie board appointed 
a subcommittee to study the suggestion which came from the Alliance to End Repression 
at a board meeting Friday. " 

CHICAGO DAILY NEWS, February 18-20, 1972 

Z 
"Another benefit (putting a civilian in die police department's Internal Affairs Division) JS 

pointed out by the Alliance to End Repression might be improved relations between the ^ 

police and the black community. " OQ 

Editorial. CHICAGO TODAY February 25, 1972 2 

uJ 
STYLE OF THE ALLIANCE S 

. .support of its organizations ^ 

, .knowledgeable involvement at public meetings Q 

.familiarity with laws Tfi 

. litigation (f^ 

.cooperation with other organizations LU 

.political education Q- 

. carrying a project through to completion |Tj 

.collective intelligence Q^ 

o 

z 

LU 



Organizations wishing to join the ALLIANCE should contact cl 
us or write for information ijj 

o 

z 
< 



Choirmon: ftEv JACK MENDELSOHN, F.fsT Un.tof-an Church of Ch.cogo Vic«-Choifmen: JOAN HOFFMAN. 57Th Street Meetmg of Fr.ends 
ond REV ROBERT MUELLER. A'est S'de Chrisl<an PonsH, Secretory: MARY POWfR*! W^nnelko H^jmon Relations CommiTtee Treojurer; 
NORMAN BOYDEN, Notionol Association of Socol Workers. Chicogo Chopter, Executive Coordmotof: JOHN J HILL, Atsoeiole Coordinator 
BETTV PLANK. Steering Commitlcc: VANCE ARCHER III, Cook County Spec-ol Bail Proiecr, REV DAVID CHEVRIER, Wellington Avenue 
Congregat.onol Church. MILTON COHEN. Civil Liberties Commission of the Independent Vote-s of Ill.no'S. RICHARD CRILEY, Chicago 
CcmmiTtee to Defend the B-tl of Rights REV THOMAS CROSS, United Methodisf Board of Sociol Concerns. REV MARTIN DEPPE. United . . 

Methodist Boord of Social Concerns. MAUDE E DeVICTOR. St Columbonus Cotholic Church, FRED E GL'CK. Alliance Pohce-Commun.tv \^ 

Problerps Tosk Force ELYNE HANDLER, Eth.col Humonist Society of Chicago. ROSS HARANO. Japanese Amencon Citizens Leogue, HERBERT 
N HA2ELK0RN. 13fh District Politics for Peoce; WALTER HERRS. Coroners Inquest Task Force, JON KELLEY. Eost Gorfield Park Jomt 
Plonn.ng Committee, VAL R KLINK. Civ. I Liberties Commission of the Independent Voters of Illinois SYLVIA KUSHNER. Chicogo Peoce ^^ 

Council, JUDI McARDlE, Cook County Speciol Boil Project, DAVID MEaDE, Editor, Allionce Open Letter RICHARD MENGES, Ook Pork  

River Forest C.hzens Committee (or Human Rights REV PATRICK O MALLEY. St Jomes Cothol.c Church. HAROLD QUIGlEY, Ethicoi 
Humonist Society of Chicago. WILLIAM SHAPIRO. Wilmetle Human Relations Committee EDNA WILLIAMS. United Front of Cairo, 
BOBBETTE ZACHARIAS. Wmnetka Human Retotions Committee. Amencori Je*iih Coogreii 



< 

UJ 

X 



106 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I have no more questions, sir. If we could proceed 
with Mr. Gushing and Mrs. Noren. 

May I go off the record for just a moment? 
Senator Thurmond. You may. 
[Discussion off the record.] 
Senator Thurmond. Back on the record. 
Mr. Martin. Go ahead with your statement. 

TESTIMONY OF ADELLE NOEEN 

Mrs. NoREN. My name is Adelle Noren, and I served as a delegate 
from the Board of Social Concerns of the Northern Illinois Confer- 
ence of the United Methodist Church, to the Alliance to End 
Repression. 

I was not a delegate because I wanted to be a delegate. I will tell 
you how it happened. Someone placed my name in nomination to 
serve on the Conference Board of Social Concerns. This was done with- 
out consulting me, or obtaining my permission. I felt certain that be- 
cause of my conservative stance, I would never be elected to this board, 
which I considered to be extremely liberal. At the annual conference, 
in 1972, however, I was elected. 

Wlien I attended the first meeting of the Board of Social Concerns, 
which is now called the Board of Church and Society, I was assigned 
to the Human Relations Division. The chairman of the division at that 
time was Reverend Harold "Bill" Smith of the Armitage Avenue 
United Methodist Church in Chicago. This is the church that had been 
taken over by the Young Lords, and where the former minister and 
his wife had been murdered. 

In the human relations division we were given a list of organiza- 
tions with which this division was involved, and one of these organi- 
zations was the Alliance to End Repression. When it became evident 
to me that each person in the division would have a responsibility, I 
volunteered to be the delegate to the Alliance, at least I knew some- 
thing about this organization. A few minutes later I realized it was a 
ridiculous thing to do, and I asked that my name be removed, that I 
could not be the delegate. Reverend Smith asked me why, and I said 
I was too conservative to be with the Alliance. He said he would not 
remove me as a delegate because the Alliance had been in existence 
for about 4 years and surrounded themselves with people who all 
thought alike, and my presence might help clarify their thinking. I 
had no choice, he would not remove my name. 

This was a peculiar position for me to be in. I had been openly op- 
posed to the United Methodist Church financially supporting the Al- 
liance to End Repression, and had spoken out at the 1971 annual con- 
ference about this. I had been concerned over what appeared to be a 
tie-in with Communists and the Alliance to End Repression, which the 
church was supporting, and had appeared on an hour-and-a-half radio 
talk show on that subject in October, 1971. 

I began attending Alliance meetings. Not too long after someone 
gave me a copy of the Social Questions Bulletin, published by the 
Methodist Federation for Social Action. This group has been cited as 
a Communist front orgranization. 



107 

In this bulletin, dated October, 1972, 1 read the following : 

Reverend William Baird, Executive Director of the Northern California Com- 
mittee against Repressive Legislation, and Pastor of the Humanist Church in 
Oakland told of his experience in getting 67 organizations in Chicago organized 
in the Chicago Alliance to End Repression. 

"He said it took 27 years to get it together. Our MFSA Vice Presi- 
dent, Martin Deppe, was involved in this project. Chicago is the only 
place in the United States where there is such an alliance. 'I was head: 
lined in the Chicago Tribune as the Red Minister of Chicago.' Feeling 
that the threat of a police state in the United States was very great, 
the Alliance helped to get 50 anti-Daley delegates elected to the Demo- 
cratic Convention. 'A Roman Catholic priest is chairman of the al- 
liance ; a nun is secretary. We won't do anything unless w^e work with 
the Gus Halls.' " 

[Complete text of the passage referred to follows :] 

[From Social Questions Bulletin, October 1972] 

Rev. William Baird, Executive Director of the Northern California Committee 
Against Repressive Legislation, and pastor of the Humanist Church in Oakland, 
told of his experience in getting 67 organizations in Chicago organized in the 
Chicago Alliance to End Repression ; it took 27 years to get it together. Our 
MFSA vice president Martin Deppe was involved in this project. Chicago is the 
only place in the U.S. where there is such an alliance. "I was headlined in the 
Chicago Tribune as the Red Minister of Chicago." Feeling that the threat of a 
police state in the U.S. was very great, the Alliance helped to get 50 anti-Daley 
delegates elected to the Democratic Convention. "A Roman Catholic priest is 
chairman of the Alliance, a nun is secretary. We won't do anything unless we 
work with the Gus Halls. There was a discussion between Karl Barth and six 
selected U.S. Communist leaders. Barth said, 'I am a Christian Marxist'. The 
Communists replied. 'You are our brother.' What is your concern Angela Davis? 
The Blacks? Housing? I took six months off from my job to work on the Angela 
Davis case. I tried to get into the churches with the film about Angela, 'Portrait 
of a Revolutionary'. Most of you weren't with her," Baird said to the Federation 
members. "As far as you would go was to say she should get a fair trial. But 
she, to you, had leprosy. She is a Communist." 

This statement really confirmed my suspicion about the Alliance, 
and so I called the Chicago Police Department and asked if there was 
anyone there who was interested in the organization, the Alliance to 
End Repression. The man on the phone said he would check and get 
back to me. I was contacted by a member of the intelligence division 
who said he was interested and would like to meet and talk with me. I 
was so pleased to get this call because it was evident someone else 
shared my concern. 

It is appalling to me that the United Methodist Church would finan- 
cially and vocally support an organization such as the Alliance to 
End Repression when it is built on such a foundation. Perhaps the 
reason for the initial support was that one of the founders of the 
Alliance is Reverend Martin Deppe, a Methodist. Martin Deppe has 
been connected with several questionable groups, such as the American 
Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born, which has been cited 
as a Communist front organization. He has served as vice-president in 
the Methodist Federation for Social Action, also cited as a Communist 
front. He is involved in Clergy and Laymen Concerned, a peace group, 
and when participating in this organization's activities was arrested in 
the Capitol rotmida ; and is on the Advisory Council of the Chicago 
Committee to Defend the Bills of Rights, the Midwest affiliate of the 
National Committee Against Repressive Legislation. 



108 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Can you tell us when and where the Methodist 
Federation for Social Action was cited as a Communist front? 

Mrs. NoREX. The Methodist Federation for Social Action was dis- 
cussed in the Internal Security Committee of the Senate Judiciary 
Committee, Handbook for Americans, April 23, 1956, page 91 and 
referred to in the following manner : 

With an eye to religious groups, the Communists have formed religious fronts 
such as the Methodist Federation for Social Action. 

Mr. SouRw^ixE. I wondered if it was this committee's statement that 
you were referring to as the citation. Go ahead. 

Mrs. NoREN. It may interest you to know that Rev. Martin Deppe 
was just assigned to be the pastor of the church I attend. 

I have documentation here on Alliance stationery to support that 
Martin Deppe was one of the founders of the Alliance to End Repres- 
sion. I am also submitting two brochures, their titles are identical, they 
read, "A Democratic Society, or a Police State in America, which 
shall it be?" 

[The material was later admitted for the record, and are as follows :] 



109 


















CmCAi, 111.60005 
11126 42J-4G64 



^ 





11 PGllGI Sl[ 






"We have seen all too clearly that there are men--now in power in this country 
--who do not respect dissent, who cannot cope with turmoil, and who believe 
that thepeople of America are ready to support repression as long as it is done 
with a quiet voice and a business suit." --Mayor John V. Lindsay, April 2, 1970 



Early in 1970 a group of leaders from civil liberties, religious, peace, ser- 
vice and community organizations met to consider the problem of the growing 
repression of constitutional rights. The concensus of this gathering was to 
launch the Alliance to End Repression. Their statement declared: 

"A democratic society or a police state in America -- which will it be? 

We are reaching a turning point in the road. X-.ife and death issues -- war, the 

draft, the destruction of man's environment, a racist heritage of inequality 

and injustice, economic dislocation, urban decay--have generated vast peoples' 

movements for social change. 

Li contrast, government inertia has hardened to unyielding resistance... 

We believe the trend toward repression, national and loc.'il, adds up to a stcp- 

by-3tep process of treating a police state. 

We believe this totalitarian diri-ction can be rcversod. Wi- .ue confident that 

our society possesses the resources to solve its problems if people are free 

to seek creative programs." 

In the few months of its existence, the Alliance to End Repression has brought 
together a multitude of organizations, reaching from the Black and I^atin ghet- 
tos to the affluent suburbs, to join in actions to meet the thrusts of repression. 
Task Forces of the Alliance are dealing with a variety of problems, including 
police lawlessness, reforin of the bail system, restrictive judicial rulings, 
and repressive legislation. 



no 



iimm smiicii! 



1) A Council, consisting of a delegate and alternate froni each organization, meets 
the second Tuesday of each month as the highest decision-making body. Each org- 
anization is entitled to one vote. 

Z) The staff consists of a full-time Executive Coordinator, Rev. John Hill, and an 
assistant. Miss Betty Plank. A Steering Comxaittee, which includes the Executive 
Coordinator, Task Force Coordinators, member s -at-large, and officers, serves 
as the executive body. 

3) The major work of the Alliance is carried on by Task Forces, made up of rep- 
resentatives of cooperating organizations. 

4) Major actions and public statements will be made in the name of the groups which 
agree on the statement or action, with the Alliance acting as coordinator. 

5) Membership is open to all organizations committed to the principles and objec- 
tives of the Alliance, and which have a viable constituency and program. 

6) Affiliation fees are the chief source of funding the Alliance office, based upon 
the income and ability of constituent groups to contribute. 



Ill 

HERE ARE SOME ACTIONS OF THE ALLIANCE 



The Alliance has launched some major initiatives 
and has already contributed to significant vic- 
tories. Here are some highlights: 
BAIL. REFORM: Unfair and unconstitutional bail 
practices in Cook County constitute a major 
source of repression, particularly in the Black, 
Latin, and other poor communities. 
As an immediate response, the Alliance is col- 
lecting monthly sustaining contributions of $25 
and up for a bail fund administered by the Co- 
alition for United Community Action. 
More long range, the Alliance is developing a 
bail reformproject to establish a comprehensive 
system for the administration of a release on 
recognizance program. In cooperation with law- 
yers' groups, provision is being made for free 
legal representation in the bail hearings. 
REPRESSIVE LEGISLATION: The "Defense Fa- 
cilities andlndustrialSecurityAct of 1970" (H.R. 
14864), perhaps the most far-reaching repressive 
bill in Congress, was brought to public attention 
throughout the country by the Legislative Task 
Force of the Alliance. Support was given to the 
repeal of the Emergency Detention Cannp Act. 
The area of work is being enlarged to deal with 
repressive provisions in the pending anti-crime 
bills -- preventive detention, "no-knock" sear ch- 
es , etc. -- and with state legislation. 
THE COURTS: In the aftermath of the raid upon 
the Black Panther apartment in which Fred 
Hampton and Mark Clark were shot to death, 
the Alliance initiated a public cannpaign for the 
appointment of a special prosecutor to deal with 
violations of the law by the police and State's 
Attorney. The Alliance brought tog-ether 67 
organizations in a petition to the court, as other 
groups took similar action. The result was the 
court order empowering Barnabus Sears to act 
in this capacity. 

Earlier, twelve organizations brought together 
by the Alliance joined in an amicus brief chal- 
lenging the "gag rule" imposed on the defendants 
in the Chicago 15 trial. Later, the 7th Circuit 
Court of Appeals vacated Judge Robson's order. 



112 
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE BY THE FOUNDERS OF THE ALLIANCE 



At this moment, a qualitatively new in- 
itiative is needed to defend our freedoiiio 
and stop repression. Toward this end, 
we propose the building of a unified, in- 
clusive, action-oriented alliance of org- 
anizations of many kinds to: >.4 

1) place the defense of our basic free- 
doms as a top priority; 

2) focus public attention on each r-najor 
incident of repression, interpreting it in 
the light of many other such instances in 
order to make the emerging pattern of 
repression clearly visible; 

3) develop the material and or ganization- 
al power and resources to deal with re- 
pression at every level; and 

4) enlist the support and commitment of 
large numbers of people, including inaay 
who until now have been passive. 

Organizationally, we seek to create a 
flexible framework which will permit 
each organization to inaintain its identity 
and autonomy, to deal with such issues 
as it chooses, without, however, sacri- 
ficing the ability of the Alliance to act 
quickly and decisively. 

This structure is intended to serve as a 
center for coordinated action, evaluation 
of priorities, and exchange of relevant 
information and educational resources. 



113 



ALLIANCE TO END REPRESSION 

431 SOUTH DEARBORN STREET • CHICAGO. ILLINOIS 60605 • ROOM 1126 • (312) 427-4064 

New: 22 £, Van Buren * Chica3o, 111 60b05 



September 22, 1971 



Dear Mr. 

Forgive this long delay in acknowledging your August 4 letter 
and for your contr ibut ion, „ liany thanks. 

We thought you'd be interested in our Open Letter which tells 
a good bit about the work we do; it is enclosed. 

If you were at the Ann Arbor meeting, I hope you got to 
talk to {'iartin Deppe. He was among the founders of the 
Alliance and is scill active. 

I ar.i going to have to get an upto^idate map of the United 
States. tony other cities are getting interested in 
how we got started and our format. I was just wondering 
if you are near two friends of ours who just moved to 
California. Jan had been very active here--especia Uy 
on our bail project and, I know, hoped to find a similar 
way of working in California. Are you near: Mr and 
Mrs. Tom Honore (she is Jan), 1138 11th St., Santa 
Monica? 



Since re j/y, 
Betty 



tty Flank / 



^- 



enc 



114 




II 





DCI[IY OR INiiCA 





To: Delegates and Guests 1972 Democratic Convention 

Civil liberties and rights are currently under massive attack by the Nixon Administration. It 
is in today's repressive atmosphere that the break-in and attempted bugging of the 
Democratic National Committee Headquarters in Miami has occurred. The incident is only 
one indication of the extent to which democratic freedoms are in jeopardy. 

A growing federal "Big Brother" is probing into the personal lives and political activities of millions 
of Americans. A Senate sub-committee found that the names of U.S. citizens appear 2.8 billion 
times ill government files; the average citizen probably is in the files of at least a dozen agencies. 

The U.S. Army has been "spying" on civilian activities for nearly 10 years, and has a "subversive 
file" of 25 million Americans - one out of eight citizens. Otto Kenier and Adlai Stevenson of 
Illinois are among these millions, as well as other prominent liberals. The Civil Service Commission 
has a "blacklist" of 1.5 million; the Passport Office has a "subversive" file of over 200,000; the FBI 
maintains \'^4 million sets of fingerprints, and no one knows the details of its political surveillance. 

REPRESSIVE LAWS & INQUISITORIAL COMMITTEES 

In addition, a whole series of laws which repress basic democratic rights have been enacted in recent 
years; for example, authorization for expanded wiretapping and sun'cillance, for "no-knock" entries 
into people's homes by police officers, for jailing of "special dangerous offenders" up to 25 years in 
addition to normal sentencing, and the undercutting of the Fifth Amendment right to freedom 
from self-incrimination. 

First Amendment rights to freedom of speech and political associations continue to suffer under 
attacks from the House Internal Security (former Un-American Activities) Committee, the Senate 
Internal Security Subconnnittec, the (so-called) Subversive Activities Control Board, and other 
Inquisitorial Committees. 

The present Supreme Court, with four Nixon appointees, can no longer be expected to safeguard 
civil liberties. Already the Nixon Court has eroded a number of basic legal rights. Up to. during, and 
after the coming elections, it is essential that the Congress and the people work to repeal repressive 
laws, outlaw bugging and sun'eillance, and abolish thought-control committees. 



Without such an effort, our country Ls headed towards a police state. This brochure is prepared by 
the National Commitlec Against Repre?isivc Legislation. Our program for legislative .iction is inside. 
Tliese proposals were presented to the Democratic Platform Committee on June I 2. 



115 



Abolish House Interna! Security Committee 



In 1971, the Democratic Study Group made a special 
report on the House Internal Security Committee 
(formerly, Un-American Activities Committee). Facts 
compiled by the DSG and others indicate why 
HUAC/HISC should be abolished: 

In 33 years, the Committee has produced 
only one piece of legislation that still stands - 
authorizing the moribund Subversive 
Activities Control Board. HUAC/HISC has 
reported out only six bills in its history which 
became law; of 1 5.434 bills mtroduced to the 
91st Congress, only 5 separate bills went to 
the Committee. 

Yet the rale of spending per committee 
member e.\ceeds that of all other House 
Committees. HISC ranks Sth in total appro- 
priations, and in the 91st Congress outspent 
the combined budgets of the Armed Services, 
Foreign Affairs. Interior and Ways and Means 
Committees. HISC maintains one of the larg- 
est staffs in the House. 

The chief task of HISC is the unauthorized 
maintaincnce of some 754,000 index cards on 
individuals and organizations eng.igcd in poli- 
tical activities. These files are used by over 40 
federal agencies to blacklist people from 
empliyment. Yet the information in the files 
is uncoi iboraled, un-cross-examined testi- 
mony, often consisting of nothing more than 
gossip. 



"Some Day Maybe The Covemmenl Will Do 
Somethinf; Mtoiil Your Inlernal Security** 




Rep. Robert Drinan, a member of HISC, contends it 
should be abolished. He says it is a waste of 
taxpayer's money, a violation of the Constitution, 
and has no legislative purpose as a standing commit- 
tee. On March 1, 108 members of the House voted to 
cut off all funds for HUAC/HISC. In addition, the 
following 69 Representatives have introduced Resolu- 
tions to abolish HISC. strengthen the jurisdiction of 
the Judiciary Committee, and seal the HISC files in 
the Archives: 



THESE SIXTY NINE (69) REPRESENTATIVES HAVE INTRODUCED RESOLUTIONS TO ABOLISH HISC 



Burton, Calif 
Corman, Cali t 
Daniclson, Calif 
Del Inns, Calif 
Kilwards, Calif 
Hawkins, Calif 
LccBCft, Calif 
McClo.skcy , Calif 
Kces, C.ilif 
Koybal, Calif 
KaUlic, Cal if 
Evans, Colo 



Ajinunzio, 111 
Collins, 111 
Metcalfe, 111 
Mikva, 111 
Yalcs, 111 
Jacobs, Ind 
Culver, Iowa 
Sclmcn^cl , la 
Gmic , Hd 
Mitchell, Md 
Roland, Mass 
Drinan, Mass 



Harrington, Mass 
Morse , Mass 
Conycrs, Mich 
Dis^s, Midi 
Ford (WnO, Mich 
Ncdzi, Mich 
Ricgle, Mich 
Bcr.i^land, Minn 
Frascr, Minn 
Karth, Minn 
Clay, Missouri 
llelstoski, N J 



Howard, N J 
Thompson, N J 
Abzuj;, \ Y 
Badillo, N Y 
Bingliara, N Y 
Carey, \ Y 
Ch is holm, N Y 
Dow, N Y 
llalpcrii , N Y 
Koch, N Y 
rodcll, N Y 
Uan-cll, N Y 



Re id , N Y 
Rosenthal, N Y 
Schcuer , N Y 
Wolff, N Y 
Ashley, Ohio 
Seibcrlinc;, Ohio 
Stokes, Ohio 
Vanik, Ohio 



Eilberg 



Pa 



Green , Pa 

St Germain, R 



Ticrnan, R I 
Abourczk, S D 
Anderson, Tcnn 
Eckhardt, Texas 
McCorriack, Wash 
Meeds, Wash 
Asp in, Wise 
Kastenraeier, Wi 
Rcuss, Wise 
Fauntroy , D C 



(Hndcrliniiig = Republican) 



If your Representative is listed, write your THANKS ! \f not, ask WHY ? 



116 



Restrictive Laws that Should be Repealed 



The Subversive Activities Control Act (Public Law 81 - 831; Title 1. Amended in 1968: 

Public Law 90- 237. Extended by President Nixon's Executive Order 11605 on July 2, 
1971) 

Note: This is the surviving remnant of President Nixon's original proposal as a member of HUAC in 1948 
(Mundt - Nixon BiU), finally to become the Internal Security Act of 1950. By unanimous decision of the 
Supreme Court (11/15/65), and several subsequent decisions, the original law was held to be 
unconstitutional and unenforceable. Likewise, the 1968 effort to revive the SACB was held by the Courts 
to be "Contrary to the first amendment." In addition to the Act's inherent violations of the 1st 
Amendment and constitutional strictures against Bills of Attainder, President Nixon's recent Executive 
Orderhas been challenged for its violation of the separation of poers, in usurping Congresional prerogatives 
to enact legislation. On June 15, the Senate voted 42 - 25 to cut off all funds for the SACB; the House had 
voted $450,000 for the agency on May 18. The issue is pending before a conference committee of the 
House and Senate, probably to be decided following the Miami Convention, Legislation: House Judiciary 
Committee Chairman Emanuel Cellcr and Abner Mikva have introduced S 2466, to deny funding and 
implementation of FO 1 1605. Meanwhile, the House has approved (246 — 125) t lie House Internal Security 
Committee's HR 9669, to change the name of the SACB, vahdate the Nixon Executive Order, and give new 
powers to the SACB. 



The Wire - Tapping and Electronic Surveillance Law, embodied in the Omnibus Crime 
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1969 (Public Law 90 - 351, Title 111). 

Note: Since passage, the Courts report 622,292 tapped conversations of 61,400 people, exclusive of 
national security bugs that are unreported. According to an analysis prepared for the American Civil 
Liberties Union by Professor Herman Schwartz, "the percentage of convictions per people overheard is so 
s.iiall as to be virtually de minis." Legislation: none yet introduced: in drafting repeal legislation, care 
should be exercised to preserve statutory safeguards which have been previously enacted. 



The No - Kifbck Laws of the D.C. Court Reform & Criminal Procedure Act of 1970 (Public 
Law 91 - 358, Chapt 5, Siibchpt VI) and the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and 
Control Act of 1970 (Public Law 91 - 513, Title 11, Pt E, Sec 509). 

Note: These violate 4th Amendment guarantees to the people against unreasonable searches and seizures. 
Originally patterned for only the District of Columbia, it was subsequently made apphcable to all Federal 
jurisdictions. In practice, the law has invited sloppy poUce and detective work, resulting in several break-ins 
on innocent parties with resultant injuries to both pohce and "wrong parties." Legislation: None yet 
introduced. 



The Anti - Riot Act of 1969 (Public Law 90 - 284) 18 U.S.C., Sees 2101 - 2102), which 
classes as a "conspiracy" interstate travel with the intent to organize a demonstration , here 
to be constnied as a "riot." 

Note: Former Attorney General Ramsey Clark refused to prosecute under this law, charging that the 
statute was unconstitutional and would not "really reduce riots in the Llnited States." Former Attorney 
General Jolin Mitchell used the law in a number of controversial cases and indicated that it would be used 
further if pending constitutional challenges could be successfully surmounted. Legislation: Rep. John 
Conyers, Jr. introduced appropriate repeal bill in 91st Congress: HR 1 1567 (5/2/69) 



117 

INIrs. NoREN. Please note that one of these brochures is published by 
the Alliance to End Repression, and the other by the National Com- 
mittee Against Repressive Legislation. I am bringing these out to 
show the close connection between an identified Communist front 
organization and the Alliance to End Repression. Throughout the 
notes I am submitting you will observe references to the Chicago Com- 
mittee to Defend the Bill of Rights. Richard Criley is the executiA^e 
director of this group. The Chicago Committee is the local office of 
the National Committee against Repressive Legislation, Richard 
Criley is the founding father of the Alliance, according to Mr. Jack 
Mendelsohn, president of the Alliance. Richard Criley has been identi- 
fied several times in sworn testimony as a member of the Communist 
Party. 

There seems to be a very strong tie which binds the Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights and the Alliance to End Repression. I have 
often wondered if the Alliance Avas really the action arm of the Chicago 
Committee. And frankly I have often wondered if the Alliance was in 
itself a Communist front. 

The Alliance, according to its coordinator, John Hill, is mainly 
interested in institutionalized repression. The focal point of this repres- 
sion is the criminal justice system. It is evident to me that the Alliance 
fights so-called repression by putting pressure on the police depart- 
ment; filing law suits against the police department, and in general 
creating a negative attitude on the part of the citizens towards the 
police. An example of that took place in one meeting. There was a 
young man there who said that the people in his community were being 
harassed by the police. At face value this made the police look pretty 
bad. I sat clown and talked to him, we talked about the actual incidents 
and he said, well, the police were polite and proper, and they didn't 
realh' abuse the people. I didn't foi-ce him into that admission but 
talked to him in a positive manner about the facts. 

At the very same meeting John Hill said he should get working wdth 
the people out in the districts and invite them to come to the Alliance 
to discuss the problems they are having with the police. There is an 
assumption here that the people naturally are having problems with 
the police, and this is a very negative approach ; it is a case of looking 
for problems. 

I have never found anything positive in the attitude of the Alliance 
toward the police department. I know of two specific cases — and no 
doubt there are more — where the Alliance people read in the paper, or 
heard of an incident involving the police. The Alliance then made 
phone calls or personal visits to the citizens involved, urging them to 
take action on the incidents. 

In other words, the Alliance looks for trouble. If you attend an 
Alliance meeting and you say anything negative about the police, you 
have it made. 

The Alliance has said they have no objection to any police officer 
in uniform attending their meetings. And yet, at the meeting of 
March 19, 1973, Police Officer Renault Robinson, who was the guest 
speaker, did not give his planned talk because there was a plainclothes 
officer in the room. I could not help but wonder what Robinson had 
planned to say at that meeting that another police officer couldn't hear. 

The Alliance itself claims that it is a peaceful group. ^Vnd yet, if 
you Avill carefully read the notes I have on the July 18, 1973 meeting 



60-030 O - 75 



118 

of the Civil Service Commission, you will see that this was an extremely 
disruptive meeting. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Are you offering; this for inclusion in the record ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, I am. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

September 21, 1972 

A planning session was held before visiting the Chicago Civil Service Commis- 
sion to argue for implementation of the Law Enforcement Assistance Association 
report. It was suggested that maximum confrontation within the bounds of sta- 
bility be used. 

October 17, 1972 — Alliance to End Repression Council Meeting 

Esther Herst of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights gave a 
report on legislation in Washington which was handled in a manner reflecting the 
Alliance to End Repression point of view : 

Opposed the Equal Education Opportunities Act which was an anti- 
bussing bill. Shelved. 

HR16742 House Internal Security Committe bill which made it illegal to 
go to countries with whom we are engaged in conflict, such as North Viet 
Nam. Alliance spent weekend phoning Congressmen asking for their pres- 
ence in the House on Monday morning and to vote NO on this bill. The 
National Committee Against Repressive Legislation worked nationally con- 
tacting Congressmen. Bill voted down. 

Subversive Activities Control Board — appropriation of only $350,000 to 
this Board, enough to pay the salaries but not enough so they could be 
active. 
Report by John Hill regarding a Class Action Suit. Mike Meyer, Lawyers 
Committee for Civil Rights Under Law is handling this. An attorney from Wash- 
ington is here in Chicago to conduct hearings to see if the Civil Rights Commis- 
sion of the Justice Department can intervene in support of our charges by 
amicus brief. Alliance would then step out of case. 

November 14. 1972 — Meeting at the offices of the Northern Illinois Conference of 
the United Methodist Church with District Superintendents of the Church 
and John Hill. 
John Hill reported that the Alliance is mainly interested in institutionalized 
repression, the focal point of this type of repression in the Criminal Justice Sys- 
tem. He told of one of the first meetings of the Alliance which was attended by 
36 oppressed people, 12 blacks, many of whom were from the Black P Stone 
Nation ; 12 Latins which included the Young I^ords : and 12 whites. They talked 
of the repression against members of their groups when being arrested — they 
were not released on recognizance bonds. He also said the machinery in the 
Criminal Justice System is rusty but the Alliance feels this is acceptable to 
many people because this machinery is used to repress people. 

November 14, 1972 — Alliance Council Meeting — Program, Citizens Alert 

Joe Kestenbaum reported on the use of force. Why are so many civilians killed 
by police in Chicago? Chicago's record is much worse than other cities. Blacks 
run six times the chance of being killed by police than whites. During the 196&- 
1970 period, 76 civilians were killed by police. This information was gathered 
from news stories as the police department doesn't talk about such statistics. 
Charges were ofiicially filed on only 4 of these killings— there was one conviction. 
One of the reasons for this might be inadequate psychological screening of oflScers 
by the Police Department. Information is hard to get on the activities of the 
Internal Affairs Division (IAD). Their job is to investigate the conduct of an 
ofiicer. A civilian or a policeman can file complaints with IAD. 

It is felt that the lack of punishment of policemen is actually an encourage- 
ment for them to continue in their ways. The level of community trust is low. 
It is risky to file a complaint with IAD — sometimes the person filing the com- 
plaint is arrested — sometimes there is retalliation by the police. The Coroners 
Ofllice is a political office with political pressures. In the above mentioned 76 
killings by the police of civilians, one was charged with murder, one with man- 
slaughter, and there were 65 cases of justifiable manslaughter. The Coroner is not 
inclined to go against the police. The Police Task Force goes into communities 
and uses physical and mental force against the residents. If the Police Depart- 



119 

meut ill Chicago kills more civilians than any other city, it stands to reason they 
are proportioiuiteiy worse in other ureas as well. 

Barbara Caultield reported ou Law Suit concerning discrimination in hiring. 
In the hiring of officers the written exam does not relate to the job. The physical 
exam eliminates many applicants — heart murmers, overweight or underweight, 
with no opportunity given for the candidate to bring his weight in line with 
Department reciuirements. The height requirement is responsible for eliminating 
many of the minority applicants. In regard to the tests for Promotion, no tests 
have been validated. We suspect the test doesn't relate to promotion. No copy of 
the tests are available for examination. Character — minorities are put upon by 
the department. If you wish to tile a Federal 8uit you do not have to notify IAD. 
The City settles out of court ou damages less than $1,000. If enough people filed 
suit for less than .$1,000 it might make the City wake up and keep the Police 
in line so they wouldn't have to pay out so much money. 

Fred Click, Chairman of Citizens Alert, talked about the Police Board. He 
told about Alliance pressures in attendance and questions at the Board meetings. 
President of the Police Board is now Marliu Johnson. Morgan Murphy was the 
former President and apparently he couldn't take the Alliance pressure so re- 
signed for the reason of poor health. However, since Johnson took his place as 
President, Murphy has attended every meeting in apparent good health. The 
Alliance feels their pressure caused him to resign. 

John Hill said that the Chicago Civil Service Commission meets every Wed- 
nesday at 2 p.m. The Alliance would like 4 or 5 people to attend each week just 
to let the Commission know that the citizens care. The Commission should 
have public meetings according to the law, but they have no meeting. The Al- 
liance will put pressure on them just as they put it on the Police Department 
until they hold public meetings. 

John Hill then introduced Bobby Rush of the Black Panthers. Rush reminised 
that the Panthers were one or the groups who were present when the Alliance 
was in its forming period. He said the Police do not serve or protect the Black 
community. He spoke of Community Control of the Police Department. A neigh- 
borhood committee should be set up with a representative on each block. They 
would circulate petitions and leaflets, serve as a reception center for grievances 
against Police and they would conduct monthly workshops. The community 
should have the right to hire and tire Police. 

November 18, 1912 — Alliance to End Repression Fund Raising Dinner. Speaker, 
Renault Robinson of the Afro-American Patrolmen League. 

Crime is on the increase. Employment of police is on the increase. Inefficiency 
in police work in minority communities is because of discrimination. There is 
a lack of communication — there is a language barrier. The customs of these 
people are not familiar to the police working these areas. For example, in a 
Black community it may be the custom for the husband to beat up his wife 
every Friday night — the police step in and arrest him because they think he is 
doing something wrong — not just carrying out a custom of his people. Wife 
beating may be a life style in some areas. Police are not advised of life styles in 
communities to which they are assigned. 

Crimes against some people are more important than crimes against other 
people. A missing person in a black community gets very little attention from 
the police. It depends on who you are, the amount of concern given by the 
police. 

Richard Criley introduced Don Rose, a man who worked very hard for the 
election of States Attorney Bernard Carey. 

January 197S — A phone conversation I had with Val Klink, attorney working on 
laivsuit against the Red Squad 

Val told me the Chicago Police Department has a very complex surveillance 
apparatus that is a group of men known as the Subversive Activities Unit of 
the Intelligence Division, popularly known as the Red Squad. They have a 
lot of color coded unprocessed information that is immediately retrievable. The 
Police Department doesn't have any evidence in these files that could indict or 
prosecute anybody. They are not really investigating criminal activities, they are 
investigating peaceful assemblies of people. We fear that once informatien is in 
a dossier it is available on a 24 hour a day basis. A credit company can get 
information. In Washington there is the House Internal Security Committee. 
They have files on 750,000 Americans and their file is searched 500 times a day 
by the U.S. Civil Service Commission. We suspect the information in their files 
comes from local law enforcement agencies. This could make it very difficult 
for somebody to get a government service rating or a job later on. He said he 



120 

wouldn't be surprised if the Illinois and Chicago Civil Service Commissions 
checked out people in these files, and this would mean that if anyone wanted 
to be a policeman or a fireman and have a file against them, they might not 
get the job. There is no law that says the Civil Service Commission cannot 
search these files. We wonder if credit ratings have non-financial material in 
them. A credit company can get information, like about somebody who is in- 
volved in a peace group. AVe are not sure this is happening, but no one say its not 
happening. 

We are interviewing a lot of people and a lot of organization for this lawsuit— 
those \^ho feel that their privacy has been invaded and we have 15 of our 
people who have been trained in this thing by a lawyer. We are going through 
this material to see where the hard stuff is that can be admissable as evidence 
and create a strong case for us. 

January 9, 1973 — Alliance to End Repression, Council Meeting — Guest Speaker 
Frank Wilkinson of the National Committee Against Repressive Legislation. 
Subject — "Steps Toward a Police State and/or the House Internal Security 
Committee." 

Mr. Wilkinson hit hard on the Democrat Party for going along with the law 
and order issues of the Nixon administration. He cited the very disappointing 
action in the House and Senate on the organized crime control act. The Anti- 
Riot Act can be repealed in Congress. He talked about tapping of phones — those 
with and those without judicial orders. 

Dick Criley spoke and said Repression is incipient Facism. He talked about 
setting up a Legislative committee to flood Congressmen with letters on key 
issues. He said that 12 years ago Criley and Wilkinson started these tactics in 
Roo.sevelt's district in California to get him to push for an anti-HUAC bill, and 
the method worked. 

January 23, 1973 — AER-Steering Committee Meeting 

John Hill said that the Bail Project is receiving funding from the Illinois 
Law Enforcement Commission. 

A Class Action suit on discrimination has been promised in 1 or 2 weeks. 
There are 8 or 9 ready to testify who were recruited by Renault Robinson. 

February 6, 1973 — Police Board Meeting 

John Hill said he would like statistics and information on the police to be 
more readily available to the public. Newspapers should have this material 
made available to them for publication. 

March 13, 1973—AER-Council Meeting 

Dick Criley played a tai>e recording of an Editorial Comment on WBBM 
radio which asked for respect for the Police Department. He then played a 
rebuttal tape on which Ruth Wells was the speaker. She said the Police should 
earn our respect. 

Milton Cohen said the attendance of the Alliance people at Police Board 
meetings has let the police know that someone is watching them. We must 
stop police harrassment in the ghetto communities. We want to push the idea 
of a Police Board Citizens Nominating Committee. There are two more appoint- 
ments to be made to the Police Board — Mr. Goodrich and Mr. Morgan Murphy. 
If we keep up the pressure they may get discouraged and quit. 

Pat Dodson said we want independent hospitals to give the medical tests 
for patrolmen applicants — then maybe we won't end up with so many minority 
people being eliminated for heart murmers or flat feet. 

Fred Glick said that at the next meeting of the Police Board, March 22nd, 
the Alliance will question the constitutionality in the establishment of the 
Red Squad and the General Order. If the Police Board does not give the Alliance 
a satisfactory answer in 30 days the Alliance will then file a Federal Court 
suit. The General Order is over-broad and contrary to the First Amendment. 
A model ordinance will be presented that will be be in accord with the First 
Amendment. 

March 19, 1973 — Citizens Alert Board Meeting 

Jeff Haas of the National Lawyers Guild spoke and discussed three law suits 
in which they may be involved. One of these was the George Lucas suit. 

John Hill said that the Alliance was already committed to helping financially 
with the Lucas case but he would make a motion to authorize the distribution of 
$250 when a legal project is specifically defined for which the money could be 
used. 



121 

Renault Robinson who was to be the featured speaker appeared in Police 
Uniform on his lunch hour, spent considerable time in another office talking to 
John Hill, and then spoke only briefly to the Board. He said the Afro American 
ratmlmen's League had a Federal suit pending on discrimination. Also, LEAA 
has no leader. They spend about $S00 million a year. The Illinois group 
also gives money, Donald Page Moore heads it. In 8 or 10 years metropolitan 
areas in this country will be black. The cities don't want to give up control of the 
police and fire to blacks any sooner than they have to. 

Frefl Glick asked that all Board members remain after adjournment. He then 
said that Renault Robinson had some things to tell us but couldn't do so because 
there were a couple of people in the room they did not want at the meeting when 
Robinson talked — referred to them as informers. 

April 10, 1913— AER Council Meeting 

Dick Criley talked about the Senate Internal Security Committee and told 
everyone not to sit back and rejoice because it will be no longer in existence. It 
is being replaced by the Federal Employee Appeals and Security Commission. 
They will be ordered to investigate all sorts of organizations. For example if 
they thought the Alliance to End Repression should be investigated, they will 
do it. 

John Hill reported that a Class Action Suit will be filed, Camacho et al vs. 
Conlisk et al, in regard to the issue of discrimination in hiring in the Police 
Department. 

April 19, 1913 — Police Board, Meeting 

Supt. Conlisk reported that the name SUBVERSIVE would be substituted with 
SECURITY in the questions regarding this unit. 

April 24, 1913 — AER Steering Committee 

Jack Mendelsohn, President of AER, said he was working on Congressman 
Ralph Metcalf's committee. Metcalf presently has an organization called the 
Concerned Citizens for Police Reform which is basically a south side group. 
They are gathering their grievances against the Police Department and will 
come out in the open in their attack very shortly. Their immediate concern is 
the Chicago Police Board. They want to expand it to 15 members who are 
representative of the communities and people of Chicago. This committee has 
hopes of becoming the nominating committee to screen and present names for 
nomination to the City Council. Metcalf has been pressuring Mendelsohn for 
some time to obtain liie support of the Alliance. Metcalf's group feels it will 
have a far easier time getting grants than the Alliance's own Citizens Alert. 
Metcalf is talking about getting money from the East. The Alliance feels 
that they have done all the ground work with the Police Board for two years 
and some were resentful of another group coming in as a leader in this field, 
asking for our support, and their group getting all the money. For peace at 
the present it was decided that the Alliance would support Metcalf's group. 
Money details will be worked out later. 

John Hill said he planned to go to Springfield tomorrow to speak before the 
Judical Committee as a representative of the Chicago Legal Assistance Asso- 
ciation, of which he is vice president, rather than as the Alliance which would 
turn people off. 

June 7, 1913 — Police Board Meeting 

Ruth Wells said that the citizens need good intelligent police on the streets 
patrolling their communities and that assigning Renault Robinson to patrolling 
an alley was not making use of his talents. She felt his assignment was punitive 
action because he speaks out on ways to improve the situation in Chicago. 

Jim Johnson, president of the Confederation of Police, got up and said that 
the alley to which Ruth Wells referred has been a patrolled area for a number 
of years. This was not a job created for Renault Robinson. 

June 16, 1913- — Northern Illinois Conference Board of Social Concerns meeting 
Gates Vrooman, head of the Human Relations Division talked about the 
Alliance to End Repression program item to come before Conference for money 
to be given to the Alliance. He directed Rev. Al Patton to write to all District 
directors to see how we could get the Alliance into each of the districts and 
churches. 



122 

A request from the Alliance that the church write a letter to States Attorney 
Carey requesting he continue the investigation into the deaths of George Lucas 
and St. John Watts, Jr. was presented. The Board agreed to write the letter and 
asked that as many in the group as would, to also write their own letters. 

June 18, 1973 — Citizens Alert Meeting 

Attorney Mike Meyers presented four naen to tell their stories in regard to 
their attempt to become police oflBcers and how they failed because of physical 
exams, etc. Meyers said that two men from the Justice Dept. have been in touch 
with him and he feels considerable support from them. All this related to the 
lawsuit on discrimination in hiring by the police department. 

July 2, 1973 — Citizens Alert Strategy Meeting 

Dick Criley read a list of questions prepared by Val Klink regarding the 
Red Squad that should be read to the Police Board. Val felt that an organiza- 
tion other than the Alliance should do the ground work on this and that the 
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights was the logical one. The 
questions : 

1. Was the only change in the General Order that of changing the word 
SUBVERSIVE to SECURITY? 

2. Was this a change in name only? Is the work they are doing just the 
same as before? 

3. Was there a change in personnel? 

4. Is there a change in the funds they use? 

5. Is the mission still the same? 

6. Could you tell us what constitutes a security threat? 

7. Would this be a physical or a political threat? 

8. Can a person or organization who has a file with the Red Squad have the 
opportunity to examine the file to correct any inaccurate information the 
Red Squad may have? This is done in other groups where files are held, 
such as credit, etc. 

9. If the Red Squad has a file on a person or organization and they then 
decide that the person or organization does not constitute a threat, is the 
file then destroyed? 

These questions will constitute the opening of the whole thing. These questions 
will be presented in writing to the Police Board and we will wait until the 
next Board meeting to see what reply they have. During the month, however, 
final preparations will be made to file a suit right after the Board meeting. 

John Hill has contacted Wieboldts who gave $10,000 to Citizens Alert at 
the first of the year, and asked if they could give any more. Wieboldt said they 
may consider it but they did not want to be the only group funding Citizens 
Alert. Wieboldt has asked for an accounting of how the $10,000 was used. They 
also asked if Citizens Alert had raised the $2,000 they said they would raise 
for their own work. This has not been done. Citizens Alert has actually gone 
into debt because if they didn't, Ruth Wells would no longer have her job. 

July 5, 1978 — Police Board Meeting 

Dick Criley spoke in regard to Rule 71-11, the Security Section, saying he 
represented the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights and asked the 
questions listed above. He gave a list of these questions to President Johnson. 

President Johnson replied that the Supt. of Police had left the meeting so I 
will ask him that he answer these questions next time. Some cannot be answered. 

Ruth Wells asked, "Is the assignment of police officers fever used fes a 
punishment?" 

Johnson replied, "No, but we will ask the Supt. to make this statement a part 
of his report at the next meeting." 

Dick Criley said, "It appears that Renault Robinson was being punished by 
being placed in an alley assignment." 

Johnson replied, "As we have said before, we will make no comment on 
individual cases." 

July 10, 1973— AER Council Meeting 

John Hill asked for a motion by the Alliance saying that we want the no- 
knock bill off the books. Motion made, seconded and passed. 

July 18, 1973 — Ci\>il Service Commission, meeting 

Alliance people attended and when the CSC indicated they would begin the 
hearings, the Alliance people jumped, whispering, "Somebody ask a question." 
Dick Criley asked when the Civil Service Commission was going to make a reply 



123 

to the LEAA report. Mr. Cahill said he didn't know. Criley pressed him. No 
results. Criley got a bit rough in his insistence. Cahill said he had been asking 
the same question for t> months but he is not going to get an answer. The Civil 
Service Commission gives psychological exams at the direction of the Police 
Department. Mary Powers referred to a news clipping in which Dr. Poinian of 
CSC was quoted. He said he had not seen the article and didn't know if he was 
quoted accurately. A couple of others tried to ask questions and then Mr. Cahill 
indicated he was going into the hearing section. Cassandra from the Chicago 
Urgan League got up — she was in the front row with Ruth Wells, and said she 
had a statement she would like to read. Mr. Cahill said no, there wasn't time for 
a statement. Alliance people encouraged her to go ahead and start reading 
anyway, and she did. Mr. Cahill said something about they would have to go 
to another room to hold the hearing since they couldn't get the work done there. 
Cassandra kept on reading. Mr. Cahill finally sat down. A Sun Times reporter 
ran up to Ruth Wells to get a copy of the statement and then came back to talk 
to John Hill. Cassandra was still reading. When she finished Milton Cohen 
asked Mr. Cahill when he would give an answer to the statement. Mr. Cahill 
said next Wednesday. With that the AFR people left the meeting. 

The AER people were excited and pleased with what had happened. They 
plan to meet next week at 9 a.m. again to plan strategy. They hope to have 
even more i)eople present next week, and possibly they can get on TV. John Hill 
said that in the event Mr. Cahill ever moves the Commission meeting to another 
location we should all get up and follow him — this is within our rights — and it 
may be that some of us will be arrested. 

I had a conversation with Jackie Tracy who is with the Chicago Committee 
to Defend the Bill of Rights. I told her I wanted to talk to Dick Criley. She 
said he was vacationing in Atlanta but I could talk to Esther Herst — because 
Esther and Dick are equal in stature in CCDBR. (I do not know the exact date of 
this conversation). 

August 22, 197S 

Talked with John Hill by phone and he discussed the sergeants exam and the 
Justice Dept. suit and the fact that the Alliance might try to work cooperatively 
or in conjunction with the Justice Dept. because of the similarities in their suits. 
If both suits could be heard by the same judge it would help. 

He also told me that the Red Squad suit would be filed Sept. 14. He, Ruth 
Wells, and Val Klink were getting together that afternoon to discuss it. Val's 
secretary was in the east and had taken the suit to Arthur Cawley at Rutgers. 
He is one of the most radical attorneys in the country and Val wants him to take 
a look at the suit before it is filed. Cawley is a former law partner of William 
Kuntzler. 

August 28, 1973 — AER Steering Committee 

John Hill said he is presently spending about 90% of his time on Citizens Alert 
matters. 

September 21t, 1973 — AER Steering Committee 

John Hill discussed the up-coming Red Squad suit. It has been decided that the 
suit will be presented in three parts — 

1. a general complaint about surveillance activities at demonstrations of 
dissent 

2. the plaintiffs cases will be presented 

3. the General Order and the refusal by the Police Department to give any 
information about this order. 

John Hill suggested that organizations, those that are aflSliated with the Alli- 
ance and some which are not, submit letters objecting to the General Order. 

October 23, 1973— AER Steering Committee 

On the table at the meeting were copies of a call for Impeachment of President 
Nixon by the United Methodist General Board of Church and Society. This group 
had held a meeting in Washington the weekend of the firing of Cox and had issued 
this statement. Fran Mettling was in the East for the meeting and brought a few 
copies of the statement back with her. Dick Criley was told about it and he went 
over to the United Methodist Church headquarters in Chicago to get additional 
copies. He said he got there "just as Mrs. McKenzie had finished running them 
off." (My comment on this — I'll bet 99% of all Methodists in Chicago don't even 
know who Mrs. McKenzie is — I don't — but Mr. Criley knows her so well he can 
go into the Conference offices and pick up a supply of this material for the 
Alliance. ) 



124 

October 29, 1973 — AER Nominating Committee Meeting 

John Hill said he had recently talked with LEAA with a man with whom he 
indicated they worked during the preparation of the LEAA report. 

November 14, 1973 — Special meeting icith Rev. John Adams of the General Board 
of Church and Societif of the United Methodist Church, held at the Alliance 
office 

Rev. Adams gave background of the Methodist Church involvement in police 
matters. He told of the Fund for Reconciliation which was the last quadrennial 
emphasis. They had a 3-year program during which they funded $105,000, or 
$35,000 per year as seed money into 16 cities in an ecumenical effort to provide 
task forces on police matters. He said there was a task force functioning in 
Milwaukee. In Milwaukee's 2,000 man ix)lice force there are only 55 blacks. LEAA 
or somebody is investigating this. John Adams was in Milwaukee yesterday to 
confer with the Milwaukee Task Force. 

John Hill said that the Association of Chiefs of Police gave an excellent 
report of the Chicago Police Department and for this reason he does not have 
too much faith in them. 

John Hill also said that he has been having a covert relationship with Police 
Board President Marlin Johnson for some time. Johnson advised Hill that the 
Alliance phones were probably being tapped and Hill should not call him from 
the Alliance offices. John Hill has been making a practice of calling Johnson 
from a public pay phone and Johnson is pleased with this and talks freely to him. 

December l-i, 1973 — Citizens Alei-t Police Conference 

This meeting was called to receive citizen input on what they would like in the 
next Superintendent of Police. A list of questions was obtained from this meeting 
to be asked of candidates for this job. 

January 17, 1974 — Police Board Meeting 

Supt. Rochford said he was not satisfied with the number of minorities who 
have passed the patrolmen's exam. 

February 7, 1974 — Citizens Alert Meeting 

Mary Powers gave a report on activities in Milwaukee. She said that the 
Police Chief in Milwaukee was holding that job "for life" and that people in 
the community were very disturbed about the police dept. And so a meeting was 
held involving community groups, churches, etc., and many John Birchers showed 
up and tired to take over the meeting. Mary Powers led a workshop and it was 
attended by 14 to 16 John Birchers and she was afraid to talk too much and tell 
what organizations she belonged to. These Birchers were all from the suburbs 
around Milwaukee and really shouldn't have been at the meeting at all. She in- 
dicated that the Alliance had been asked by groups in Milwaukee to help with 
this meeting. 

John Hill stressed the importance of concentrating our work in the local Police 
Districts, through police community workshops, etc. We really have to find out 
what is going on in the communities. 

Cedric Russell of The Woodlawn Organization, and a member of Congressman 
Metcalf's staff said this was right, this is the only path to get what we want, 
community control of the police. No one disagreed with him. 

Discussion regarding the need for a research person in Citizens Alert. John 
Hill said that Citizens Alert had $30,000 to work with this year. This i>erson is 
needed to compile information for Ruth Wells which she can distribute to con- 
cerned people in communities all over Chicago. LEAA has a central information 
center now and you can either write or call them and get the answer to anything 
regarding police. The research person would gather information from other cities 
and take these statistics and compile them into information that would be 
meaningful to Chicago. It is anticipated that the work would require one day 
a week at this time and the pay would be about $85.00. 

March 5, 1974 — Meeting at Congressman Metcalf's office of Committee to select 
a Research Person for Citizens Alert 

The job should be to establish a data bank regarding police department and 
police department reform. Subjects such as crime, employment, complaints, etc. 
Newspapers should be read and clipped and filed and made available to Ruth 
Wells at strategic times. A person should also keep track of community meetings 
and advise Ruth Wells which ones to attend. This person should also make calls 
to community organizations to get acquainted. 



125 

Cedric Russell, and perhaps others are going to insist on an answer to minor- 
ity hiring practices in the police department when the Police Board next meets. 
The Equal Employment Opportunities Commission had asked for an accounting 
from the I'olice Dept. and this was due last November. The Police had asked 
for an extension but no one knows if EEC granted this extension. Pressure will 
be brought to bear at the Police Board meetings. 

March 7, 1974 — Citizens Alert Board Meeting 

John Hill said that we needed crime figures for all police districts in Chicago 
and these should be charted. 

After the meeting I showed John Hill the minutes of the United Methodist 
Church Biiard of Social Concerns regarding $4500 asked for the Alliance and 
the $500 for the Red Squad Suit. 

March 12, 1974 — AER Council Meeting 

Esther Herst talked about the 754,000 names on file in Washington and said 
a bill is due for a vote next week which would replace the House Internal Secu- 
rity Committee with a government operations committee. 

Dick Criley said the Impeach Nixon Committee hopes to have 100,000 signa- 
tures for the press conference on Friday at 10 a.m. at the Essex House shortly 
before President Nixon arrives at the hotel next door. They plan to meet at 
9 :30 a.m. at the ACLU and will form a banner-carrying march from 6 S. Clark 
to the Essex House. He said the Impeach Nixon Committee had met with Rising 
Up Angry and tried to discourage them from the planned demonstration in the 
park across from the hotel. Criley believes that this demonstration will help 
Nixon because it will give the image that all those wanting impeachment are the 
type who demonstrate. He said that each thing you do is really a battle in the 
war, and therefore the battle must be handled in such a way that you win the 
war. 

Jofree Stewart .said they just didn't want to get rid of Nixon, but the whole 
form of government. No one corrected or disagreed with him. 

May 16, 1974 — Citizens Alert Meeting 

Val Klink said that the Red Squad suit would be filed at 9 a.m. on June 4. A 
press conference would be held at the Alliance offices at 10 a.m. It is hoped that 
there will be discovery into dossiers, a sampling of dossiers and the content, 
to leam just what these dossiers are being used for, how the information is 
funnelled out and to whom. It is hoped that the suit will result in restrictions 
and changes in the Red Squad. 

There was an expression of supreme confidence in this suit, no hesitancy, no 
indecision, no question of the impact it would have on surveillance by the Red 
Squad. They fully expect concessions and compromise from the Police Depart- 
ment. They fully expect success. This suit is timely because of Watergate. It will 
be bringing Watergate home to the City of Chicago. 

June 27, 1974 — Task Force on Patronage 

Frank McGrath said that the Ward Committeemen are allocated so many 
police and firemen's jobs depending on how good a Democrat vote they bring in. 
The Civil Service tests are not really how these people are selected — it is through 
the Democrat Ward Committeemen. 

There was conversation that indicated the purpose of this whole task force 
was to bring a law suit against the city and its patronage system. The big thing, 
however, concerned the police and fire department and their connection with the 
system. 

July 18, 1974 — Citizens Alert meeting 

Paul Walker from the Kenwood-Oakland area talked about the problems con- 
cerning police. He said the main problem was the stop and frisk bit harrassing 
the people. After discussion went on for a while about what Police District he 
was in, etc., I asked him about the stop and frisk bit — did the police just stop 
and frisk or did they use abusive language to the people and push them around. 
He said the police were very polite and proper and didn't abuse the people. 

John Hill said they had to get working with the people in the Districts. Locate 
organizations in certain districts who would come to the Alliance and discuss the 
problems they are having with the police in their areas. 

August 29, 1974 — Citizens Alert meeting 

Young black woman told that .she was heading up meetings in various Police 
Districts with citizens who are unhappy with the police. It was suggested that 



126 

churches be asked to suggest people who might like to attend meetings regarding 
police problems. 

ILEC has denied the grant of $30,000 to Citizens Alert. This whole thing was 
an assured grant, but the board of ILEC changed its mind. Six organizations have 
been asked to write letters to the chairman of ILEC and ask that the money 
be given. One of these groups was the United Methodist Church Board of Social 
Concerns. On September 27 the ILEC will be meeting in Rock Island and repre- 
.sentatives of Citizens Alert are being asked to attend and appear before the 
committee in order to get the $30,000. 

Septemtier 19, 197^ — Citizens Alert meeting 

Discussion of the Police Board meeting. Concern was expressed regarding the 
use of excessive force. They said they would get in touch with Casey who is one 
of three in the Office of Professional Standards. The use of pressure has helped 
some cases of excessive force being sustained. 

The Police Dept. Budget was also discussed. Citizens Alert wants to have open 
hearings on the budget and to receive copies of the budget well in advance of the 
hearings. The Police Board said they would consult with the corporation counsel 
to see if this was proper under the law. Fred Glick said he had talked to Presi- 
dent Marlin Johnson on the phone a while back and asked him about seeing 
the budget in advance. Johnson indicated he would show it to Glick and a few 
others some evening on the quiet. One year ago the AER started a law suit to see 
the budget and have hearings, but before they case came up the subject was 
moot because the budget has already been passed. Now the plan is to file suit 
right after the budget is passed to insure advance copies of the budget and public 
hearings for next year. 

ILEC funding was discussed. Ruth Wells, John Hill and Fred Glick met with 
ILEC on Monday of this week. ILEC said they needed more specifics which Citi- 
zens Alert was glad to supply. It appears that the $30,000 will be given to Citizens 
Alert. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. I am sure people will read it. Now, let me go back 
just a moment. You spoke of an officer named Eobinson who could not 
speak because — how do you know that's why he couldn't speak; did 
he say so ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Fred Glick, chairman of Citizens Alert, told us this at 
the meetinjg;, as I have submitted in my notes. We came to the meeting 
and Renault Robinson was going to speak, he had some very important 
things to give us. Renault Robinson came in at his lunch break, in uni- 
form. When he spoke he made some very unimportant comments, and 
he left the meeting. Then Fred Glick said, "The meeting is now ad- 
journed, but I would like the board to remain." 

So, the board remained, and when everyone else had gone and the 
door was locked, he said, Renault could not give his talk because there 
was an undercover agent in the room. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right, go ahead. I wanted the record to speak 
clearly on this. 

Mrs. NoREN. I am also submitting a tape recording of the Police 
Board meeting which took place April 10, 1975. This meeting went 
completely out of control and Ruth Wells of Citizens Alert told me that 
the president of the police board Marvin Johnson, blamed Richard 
Criley for inciting the people to this kind of action. 

You may be interested to know that the Alliance to End Repression 
tapes all meetings of the Chicago Police Board. I made this tape from 
the Alliance tape, which was given to me by Ruth Wells. But I cannot 
help but wonder if the Alliance would permit a uniformed police officer 
to tape Alliance meetings. 

I am submitting a copy of a flier publicizins: a rally and march. The 
flier reads, "End Police Spying and Police Harassment, Abolish the 
Red Squad." 

[The material referred to appears in the appendix, p. 201.] 



127 

Mrs. NoREX. The Alliance to End Repression is listed as a sponsor 
of this march, alon^ with other organizations, amon^ which are the 
Socialist Workers Party, the Communist Party U.S.A., the Youn<y 
Socialists Alliance. 

As you read over my notes you will see that the Alliance is often 
talking about lawsuits. The red squad suit, which is mentioned over 
and over again, was finally filed late last year 1974. There was a suit 
regarding discriminatory hiring practices in the Chicago Police De- 
partment. And as I underetand it, the Alliance did the groundwork on 
this, and then got the Law" Enforcement Assistance Association in on 
it. LEAA then published a report, and the end result was that the 
Justice Department — and I believe LEAA prior to the Justice Depart- 
ment — filed a suit. The last sentence of my October 17, 1972, notes shows 
that the Alliance stepped out of the case once they got the Justice 
Department involved. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. These notes, were they kept currently by you day by 
day? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You are furnishing them all to the Committee ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Go ahead. 

Mrs. NoREN. ITnder consideration, according to my notes of June 27, 
1974, there was a law suit being considered by the Alliance against the 
city of Chicago and its patronage system. Here again, there is a special 
interest regarding the police department. And on September 19, 1974, 
there was a discussion of a law suit against the police department to 
hold public budget hearings. In addition, the notes from March 19, 
1973, indicate involvement of the Alliance in a law suit regarding the 
Lucas case. There are, from what I understand, other suits in which 
they have been involved, but I don't have personal knowledge of them. 

According to August 29, 1974 and September 19, 1974, these are 
meetings on those dates — it appears that the Illinois Law" Enforcement 
Commission gave $30,000 to Citizens Alert. Doesn't all this money 
come from LEAA, as I imderstand it does? Is the State or Federal 
money being used to file law suits against the Chicago Police Depart- 
ment ? If it is, I think this should be investigated. 

One of the things that bothers me are the accountability sessions 
which the Alliance requested of the superintendent of police. It is not 
so much that the Alliance makes these requests, but that they are 
granted by the superintendent. It is my opinion that the Superintend- 
ent has enough work to do rumiing the department without being 
held accountable to a group of people w"ho seem determined to harass 
the Department. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is the superintendent a satisfactory person to hold 
his job, in your opinion ? 

Mrs. NoREN. I greatly admire the superintendent. 
Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you think he personally made the decisions to 
grant these requests to w-hich you object? 
Mrs. NoREN. I would assume so. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Then why do you criticize him ? You want to run his 
job, too? 

Mrs. NoREN. No. 

Mr. SouRwixE. What you are saying, then, I take it, is that the re- 
quests should not have been made, that they amount to a harassment. 



128 

Mrs. NoREN. I think from the point of view of the Alliance, and 
what I know, they were there to harass the superintendent. 

Mr. SoTJRwiNE. All right. Do you think the superintendent made a 
mistake in granting the requests? 

Mrs. NoREN. That's my personal opinion. 

Mr. SoTiTRwiNE. What does that have to do with the subject of the 
hearing here, do you think we need a new superintendent ? 

Mrs. NoREN. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Why did you bring it up, what's your purpose ? 

Mrs. NoREN. The purpose is that the Alliance is holding the sessions 
with the Superintendent; they also plan to hold accountability ses- 
sions with about seven other people, and they have made arrangements 
for this. They also plan to hold accountability sessions with each of 
the 22 districts in Chicago, and at some point you've got to call a halt. 
My own feeling is the halt should have been called immediately. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You think the superintendent made a mistake. Is 
there any way to rectify it now ? 

Mrs. NoREN. I think the word "no'' is a simple way. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. It has been done, he has granted the sessions. You 
think he should now stop holding them, is that the point ? That's what 
vou are advising him to do ? 

Mrs. NoREN. I have never had an opportunity to talk to the super- 
intendent, but maybe, if he reads this, he will see how a citizen feels. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Maybe he will. But this committee is not a forum for 
the giving of advice to the police superintendent of Chicago. Now, go 
ahead with your testimony, please. 

Mrs. NoREN. As I said the Alliance is trying to schedule account- 
ability sessions with half a dozen other people involved in the police 
scene. One thing that I have learned is that there is no way to ap- 
pease people of this type. You make one concession, thinking that ^dll 
end it, and they come up with two more demands, or law suits. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. As a matter of fact, this tenn "accountability 
session," that is their term. 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwixE. It's a propaganda term. 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Actually, the superintendent is not accountable to 
this group, nor any of the other groups or persons with whom they 
have proposed to hold, or have held, accountability sessions? 

Mrs. NoREN. That's true. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Go ahead. 

Mrs. NoREN. At one of the meetings of the Alliance that I attended, 
there was discussion about the possible success of the red squad suit. 
The comment was made that the success of the law was not important, 
the important thini; was the publicity it would receive. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Who made that comment ? 

Mrs. NoREN. I don't have that in my notes. 

Mr. SoiTRwiNE. You don't remember ? 

]\Irs. NoREN. No. sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. It could have been made by anybody at the meeting? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes. sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How many people were there? 

]Mrs. NoREX. I don't ha-ve that kind of record, I could 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, from your general knowledge, was it all 
members of the Alliance ? 



129 

^Mrs. XoREN. No, I think not all members. 

jNIr. SouRWiNE. It miglit have been by some other person who was 
not a member of the Alliance. 

Mrs. NoREN. No, sir, it would have to be someone who Avas a member. 

]\Ir. SouRwixE. Why because there was nobody but members of the 
Alliance present ? 

Mrs. XoREN. I believe so. If you will let me look at my notes 

Mr. SocjRWiNE. I thought you just said there were people present 
who were not membere of the Alliance. 

Mrs. NoREN. Then I misunderstood you. 

Mr. SouRw^iNE. Well, I probably had mush in my mouth. I don't 
mean to liarass you. If there was nobody there but members of the 
Alliance, then the comment was made to you by a member of the 
Alliance, right ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWixE. All right, go ahead. 

Mrs. XoREN. They said the important thing was the publicity that 
it would receive. When the law suit was filed it received only a mini- 
mum amount of publicity. It was evident something would have to be 
done to keep this type of news on the front page of the papers. In 
support of this statement I would like to quote from the Alliance to 
End Kepression progress report of May 1975. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is this a lengthy quotation ? 

Mrs. NoREN. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRWTNE. You are furnishing this to the committee ? 

[The report referred to will be found in the testimony of Eugene 
Dorneker at p. 74.] 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

The Alliance's most dramatic single-stroke achievement in its five-year his- 
tory came from the expose of the police infiltrators. The Red Squad law suit, 
while technically alive, appeared to be dying for lack of interest. Motions for 
discovery had not been granted. The pace was slow. In an effort to pick up 
the pace' and encourage public interest, Rick Gutman, a volunteer attorney with 
Citizens Alert tried to interest news reports in the suit, but no one with the 
Intelligence Division was talking with reporters, and the reporters had no 
documentray information linking the Red Squad to questionable activities. An 
anonymous police informant did reveal to Citizens Alert that there had been a 
fire in an Intelligence Division file cabinet. A motion to turn over the files for 
safekeeping to the court, based on the fire department's report of the fire, was 
denied. Reporters did not at first follow through on our report of the fire. 
Finally Rick Gutman obtained a copy of the Chicago Police Department's pay- 
roll. He reasoned that police officers doing undercover work would have to be 
on the payroll if they were getting paid for their work. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Excuse me a moment. How do you know what he 
reasoned ? 

Mrs. NoREX. I am reading from the Alliance progress report. 

]Mr. SouRwiNE. OK. 

Mrs. NoREN. These are their words, not mine. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Did Mr. Gutman authorize this, or have anything to 
do with its preparation ? 

Mrs. NoREX. I have no way of knowing. 

Mr. SouRwixE. OK, go ahead. 

Mrs. NoREX [reading]. 

He looked for persons assigned to 175 payroll code, for the Intelligence Divi- 
sion. There, in category 0Q9 entitled "assignment unknown", he saw six names, 
including those of Geno Addams. who had infiltrated the Alliance ; and Howard 
Pointer, who had infiltrated Push. Milton Cohen helped Rick identify Mark 



130 

Solon as the past president of the Organization for a Better Austin. Since the 
other oflBcers were listed as white males, Rick Gutman called what he thought 
would be a likely white target for police infiltration, the Citizens Action Pro- 
gram. The CAP people were surprised to hear the name Melvin Barna, a close 
CAP associate. Daily News reporters Larry Green and Rob Warden were called. 
At a meeting on the street, which ironically is the way Red Squad agents turn 
over their information to their superiors. Rick Gutman turned over his informa- 
tion to the reporters. He had an agreement with them that the Alliance would 
be given credit for breaking the story. 

Mrs. NoREN. That was the end of that document. 

From the April 1975 progress report, they admit "The publicity 
aftermath was enormous, putting the Alliance's name on the front 
pages for days." 

During my tenure with the Alliance they wanted to elect me as one 
of their officers, I refused. They also tried to interest me in heading 
up one of their task forces. I refused. They also offered me the paid 
position as research person for the Citizens Alert, and again I refused. 

The last meeting of Citizens Alert which I attended was May 23, 
1975. The discussion centered around the necessity of Alliance people 
to obtain positions on the beat representative program of every police 
district. This is a new program sponsored by the superintendent of 
police. We went around the room, each one of us telling about police 
districts in which we lived. Fred Glick was from the 20th district and 
said he was working with an Edgewater group to gain entrance to the 
program. Ruth Wells in the Filmore District, was trying to work 
there. John Hill is in district 19, the Town Hall District; and he said 
he was getting involved in the Lake View Citizens Council in order 
to get on the beat program. And so on around the room, each one telling 
of their efforts to get on the program. 

I asked the question at that meeting, "Do you intend to hold ac- 
countability sessions with the district commander in each district", 
and the answer was, "Yes". A couple of weeks before this meeting took 
place I had a phone conversation with Richard Criley, we discussed 
the beat representative program. Richard Criley said that he was 
very interested in the program and its potentials. He said to me, "This 
is the first step toward community control of the police." 

Needless to say, T do not take the Alliance to End Repression 
lightly, it is an organization which moves skillfully towards its goals. 
A statement which was made by Richard Criley — in my notes on 
March 12, 1972 — is of great significance to me. He said this: "Each 
thing you do is a battle in the war, and therefore the battle must be 
handled in such a way that you win the war." 

To me that very well demonstrates the function, how the Alliance to 
End Repression functions. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Does that conclude your presentation ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes. Can I comment on questions which you asked ? 

Mr. SouRwixE. We will be glad to have your answers to questions 
directed to someone else if you don't agree with the answers. Frankly, 
I have a couple of questions for you. 

You have apparently been very useful to the Chicago Police Depart- 
ment, you have furnished them a lot of information. Has the Chicago 
Police Department ever paid you any of your out-of-pocket expenses 
in connection with this operation ? 

Mrs. NoREN. I was reimbursed for the expenses I incurred. 

Mr. SoTjRwiNE. All of them ? 



131 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You have been paid, reimbursed in full for your 
actual out-of-pocket expenses? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Since the beginning? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. What do you mean by the "beginning?" 

Mrs. NoREN. Well, as I said in my presentation, I called the police 
department and they said they were interested. 

^Ir. SouRwiNE. Since you called ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You had an understanding at the outset that you 
would be reimbursed for your expenses ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Outside of your expenses, have you received any 
other remuneration of any kind from the Chicago Police Department? 

Mrs. NoREN. No. sir. 

Mr. SouRw^iNE. Or at their instigation ? 

Mrs. NoREN. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. I have no more questions at this moment. 

Now we have one more witness. Take the ball, sir. 

TESTIMONY OF DAVID GUSHING 

Mr. Gushing. Well, first of all I would like to make a statement to 
the effect that I do not have a prepared statement such as Mrs. Noren 
or Officer Dorneker have had. partly for the reason of the time — be- 
cause I was not notified until 2 days ago of this proceeding; and partly 
because of the fact, the situation has been mentioned several times, 
that the records are under lock and key. 

I think it's important for me to emphasize that I served as an under- 
cover police officer for a period in excess of 5 years. I will answer any 
and all questions to the best of my ability, but I want you to clearly 
understand that they are coming off the top of my head, so to speak, 
and in order to give specific answers, documented answers, it would 
be virtually impossible for me to do so at this time. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That's all right. I only make the documentation 
clear when a person purports to be testifying from documentation. If 
you testify from memory, unless it is apparent there is something 
wrong with your testimony, you won't be questioned about it, except 
to make the record more clear what it is you are saying. 

Now, during the 5 years you have been an undercover policeman, 
how much of that time have you worked on anything connected with 
the "Alliance to End Repression ?" 

Mr. Gushing. Well, my first connection with the Alliance to End 
Repression goes back to, I would say, to the late spring of 1970. The 
first connection I had was at the time the alliance was originally being 
organized. Richard Griley and John Hill were making appearances at 
different organizations to give infoiTnation about the Alliance, and to 
solicit the membership of those groups. 

Mr, SouRwiNE. Were you at that time connected with the Ghicago 
PD? ^ 

Mr. Gushing. Yes ; I was. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. In what capacity ? 



132 

Mr. Gushing. As a sworn police officer. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And were you undercover at the time ? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes ; I was. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Working on something else ? 

Mr. Gushing. This was in the very, very beginning, probably, I 
would say, within a month or a matter of several weeks of my be- 
ginning as a police officer, and as undercover agent. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you think you were taken on to be an undercover 
agent in connection with the Alliance, or were you taken on and then 
given Alliance assignment ? 

Mr. Gushing. I was taken on and then given the Alliance assignment. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. But you got one almost immediately. 

Mr. Gushing. Indirectly, sir. I attended a meeting at which the 
Alliance was talked about, and then subsequently joined another 
organization, and was sent as a representative of that organization 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What was that organization ? 

Mr. Gushing. It was the Southwest Gommittee on Peaceful 
Equality. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Which is a member of the Alliance? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And you were a delegate to the Alliance from that 
organization ? 

Mr. Gushing. And that was approximately 4, or 5 months later, that 
that organization sent me as a delegate to the Alliance. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right. Did you become eventually a member of 
the Alliance? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes, sir, I did. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Did you hold any position of authority, or responsi- 
bility in the Alliance ? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes; I was from the very beginning a member of 
the board of directors of the Gook Gounty Special Bail project. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Tell us about that project. 

Mr. Grushing. The Gook Gounty Special Bail T^roject originally was 
known as a task force of the Alliance to End Repression, a bail task 
force. The primary purpose of the bail task force was to investigate 
the operations of the holiday court system in the first district, which 
is basically the city of Ghicago, and to promote court reform and 
provide legal counsel to people who had been arrested, and appearing 
for the initial bail appearance. 

Subsequently because of the fact that the Alliance to End Repres- 
sion could not get the tax status — because of their lobbying activities — 
the task force was split off as a separate entity, and then became 
officially the Gook Gounty Special Bail project. The initial reason 
being to cenarate the Alliance's political activity from the bail project, 
and the bail project then was eligible to receive funding. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. That was a tax deductible organization ? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Glerical and educational, I suppose? 

Mr. Gushing. It finally received that status ; yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Go ahead. 

Mr. Gushing. I think it would be pertinent to comment on what 
was asked about earlier about the Federal funding through the LEA A 
and through the ILEG, and that some of the people who had partici- 
pated in the bail project later became officials in the ILEG. Warren 



133 

Wolfson was on the board of directors, and when he was appointed to 
ILEC resigned his position, so that he would not have a conflict of 
interest. And Steve Schiller, who was on the advisory committee of 
the special bail project later was appointed — I'm not sure of the title — 
either as the chairman, or as the president of the Cook County Crim- 
inal Justice Commission, I believe. That information is available, I 
hope it's accurate. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. If it is not, you fix it when you correct your testi- 
mony. When did you first become aware, if you did, that the bail proj- 
ect was being used for purposes of police harassment ? 

Mr. CusHiNG. Well, sir, I think for the record it would be necessary 
to state, that I think personally the bail project does a lot of worth- 
while good; that there are some possibly 300 members of the bail 
project, volunteer members, who go into the court system, work on 
Saturdays and Sundays, for no pay. And then, overall the bail proj- 
ect — and that is only my opinion — does a tremendous amount of 
worthwhile good. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, if that is the case, does it make any difference 
that it was originally started as a task force of the Alliance? 

Mr. CusHixG. Yes, sir ; it makes a difference because of the fact that 
Federal funding is provided to the bail project through this organiza- 
tion. In fact, it pays the telephone bill and rent for the Alliance To 
End Reprsesion. Their offices are held in joint headquarters. The Al- 
liance has, at different points in time, had serious financial difficulties. 
It would be my opinion that without the Federal funding supporting 
the bail project, that the Alliance would not have been financially able 
to continue. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How is the Alliance otherwise financed, do you 
know? 

Mr. CusHixG. Yes, sir. The Alliance was financed, also, through the 
bail project in the early stages, through various grants from private 
foundations that contributed to it. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know any of these foundations ? Let me put 
it this way, can you supply us for the record when you correct your 
testimony a list of what you know about sources of funds? 

Mr. CusHiNG. Yes, sir ; all of this could be supplied if you could give 
me a few minutes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Don't bother with it if you can put it in the record. 

Mr. CusHiNG. All of this can be supplied. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. All right, go ahead. 

[The material referred to follows :] 

Alliance to End Repression, 

Chicago, III, October — , 1970. 

Deab Friend : In the six months since the Alliance to End Repression opened 
its office, it has proved its effectiveness as a center for a movement to resist the 
ever-mounting encroachments of a potential police state. We have proved our 
ability to unite a wide spectrum of concerned organizations from the ghettos to 
the suburbs. Significant, if partial, victories show us to be a positive force on 
the concrete issues which constitute the battleground for our freedoms. 

I am sure that you share these estimates from your own observations and ex- 
perience, and can see the potential of what the Alliance can become. 

One single factor endangers the very existence of the Alliance — inadequate oper- 
ating funds. We have been perhaps too slow to face this reality ourselves and to 
share it with our co-workers. The day-to-day pressures of keeping up with an 
ever-expanding workload and organizational structure have consumed all of our 
time and energy — but now we must give finances a priority or we risk losing all 
that has been achieved. 

60-030 O - 75 - 7 



134 

Since April 1, 1970, the Alliance has incurred expenditures and obligations 
totalling more than $12,000. 

Total income, most of which has come from a few large donations which are 
not renewable, has been less than $8,000. 

Still more serious, the Alliance is operating at a monthly deficit of $1,500, add- 
ing to our arrears of over $4,000. 

Our greatest present capital lies in the many individuals who, like yourself, are 
convinced of the value and importance of the Alliance and simply will not let it 
die from lack of funding, even if it means a personal sacrifice. 

If we can quickly create a base of some 200 sustainers contributing from five 
to ten dollars per month on a regular basis, we shall have a solid foundation for 
solving our fiscal problem. 

Can you make a commitment for such a monthly contribution? Can you solicit 
similar pledges from two or three friends or associates ? 

Please respond as soon as you can, as each day is adding to our already alarm- 
ing deficit. 

Sincerely yours, 

RiCHABD CBILEY, 

Acting Chairman for Finances. 



Affiliated organizations 



Current Projected 



Revised 
projection 



West Side Christian Parish 

Concerned Argonne Scientists 

WinnetkaHRC _ 

1st Unitarian 

13th Cong. Dist. Politics/Peace 

Nat'l Ass'n Social Workers 

Oak Park-River Forest Cit. Comm./H.R 

Wellington Ave. Cong. Ch 

Women's Int'l League/P&F, North Shore 

Mattachine Midw/est 

Chi Area Fellowship/Renewal 

WilmetteHRC 

Ethical Humanists 

Near No. U/U Fellowship 

Countryside U/U Fellowship 

Chi. Comm. to Defend B/R 

GlenviewHRC 

Uni. Methodist Bd. of Soc. Concern 

Northside Friends 

Med. Comm. H/R 

Evanston-Niles-Nat'l Council Jewish Women. 

Comm. Against Nazism and Facism 

Samuel Mem. Comm. Ch 

Chi. Comm./Nat'l Priorities 

Friendship House 

3d Unitarian 

Arlington Hts. HRC 

57th St. Friends 



$250 


$200 


25 


50 


110 


110 


1, 000 


1,000 


30 


40 


574 .... 




50 


100 


100 


100 


25 


25 


25 


50 


50 


75 


20 


120 


50 


100 


20 


30 


25 


50 


250 


250 


5 


25 


200 


200 


20 


30 


50 


75 


25 


50 


50 .... 




10 


34 




50 


100 


5 


25 


70 


100 



Total. 



3,123 



2,905 



Board of Church and Society 

OP The Methodist Church, 
Washington, B.C., September 6, 1973. 
The Reverend C. Alfred Patten, 
Chicago, III. 

Dear Al : It has been some months since I have been directly in touch with 
you, but through Mrs. Fran Mettling and Mrs. Mary Powers, I have been kept 
somewhat informed about the work of the Board of Church and Society of the 
Northern Illinois Conference. 

As you may be aware, from 1969 to 1972, there was a Police and Community 
Relations Project which was financed by the Fund for Reconciliation. The 
Project related to police and community relations task forces, which had religious 
community sponsorship, in approximately sixteen cities. The Project terminated 
the latter part of June in 1972, but the General Conference of 1972 voted to 
include the Police Community Relations Project in the appeal of the Human 
Relations Day Offering which is received the last Sunday in January. 

We have been informed about the money which is available for the Police 
Community Relations Project for this year, and I am proposing to you that we 
situate one of the projects in Chicago, Illinois, and that we work through Citizens 
Alert of the Alliance to End Repression. 



135 

The Project would consist of our furnishing $1,000 to Citizens Alert, with your 
approval, and an additional $500.00 which would be paid directly to the Board 
of Church and Society of the Northern Illinois Conference. The $;")00.00 amount, 
it is suggested, would be used by your Board for materials and for any other 
expenses in informing Chicago area churches about their responsibility in better- 
ing police and community relationships. I believe that Mrs. Adelle Noren of your 
Board is working closely with Citizens Alert and could probably be the liaison 
person between that project and your Board. 

"We would attemi)t to furnish staff support for the program and would probably 
be able to furnish a consultant from time to time who would offer further 
assistance to you. 

I don't want to make this program sound complicated or to suggest that it 
would necessarily create any further programmatic burden for you. I think it 
would simply offer some support for some things you are already doing and might 
help to widen the awareness of the churches responsibility in this critical area. 

Will you let me know your response to this. I am ready to move expeditiously 
on it. 

Sincerely, 

John P. Adams, 

Director, 
Department of Law, Justice and Community Relations. 

Mr. Gushing. Part of the other funding activities of the Alliance is 
a list of regular monthly contributors, and the Alliance has continued 
this from its very early stages, where people would make pledges, as 
they would to their church, to the organization; they contribute x 
number of dollars per month. These are $5, or $10, or more contribu- 
tions per month. In addition to that, the alliance periodically holds 
fundraising activities. They are never exclusively fundraising, that 
is one of their policies, it has an educational scope. They will have a 
program, a dinner meeting, there will be speakers invited. There will 
be a list of topics that will be discussed, an appropriate speaker will 
present those topics and then, in the course of that, they will have a 
public collection. This is also part of the funding that is raised by the 
alliance. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Would you say the funding of the Alliance has been 
adequate since it was founded ? 

Mr. Gushing. I would say it has been adequate due to the fact the 
Alliance has survived, it continues to do business. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you think it could not have done so without the 
LE AA money ? 

Mr. Gushing. I think it would have been very difficult for it to do 
so. At one point in time, where the Alliance was several months in 
arrears in paying the salaries of the two staff persons, John Hill and 
Betty Plank, arrangements were made that the bail project would 
pay a consultant's fee to John Hill as an advisor to the bail project. 
To the best of my knowledge, that fee continues to be paid to this time. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How much is that ? 

Mr. Gushing. I'm not certain. I believe it's $250 a month, but I 
would have to check that figure. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is he an advisor for the bail project? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes, he does serve as an advisor for the bail project. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Does he have other sources of income? 

Mr. Gushing. He is paid a salary by the Alliance directly. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know how much that is? 

Mr. Gushing. I would believe it to be in the area of $12,000 to 
$14,000 per year. Again, I have heard the figure, but it was a long 
time ago. 



136 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Then, roughly, the bail project supplements his 
income by 11 to 16 percent, somewhere along there? 

Mr. Gushing. Yes, sir. 

It also could be brought out that at the time the stipend, however 
you refer to it, was given to John Hill, that he was financially in need. 
Now, at a later point in time this money from the bail project was 
continued, and at that point in time John Hill's salary was up to date 
from the Alliance. The arrangement was that the money would be 
continued to be paid to John Hill from the bail project, and John Hill 
would contribute that money to the alliance itself. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That was a direct subsidization of the Alliance by its 
own spinoff, the bail project? 

Mr. Gushing. To my understanding, yes. Now, whether that money 
was actually given by John Hill to the Alliance, I do not know. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How much of the bail project's funds is this $65,000 
that has come from the LEAA? 

Mr. Gushing. It would have to be considered the lion's share of their 
funding. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right, go ahead. 

Mrs. NoREN. Gould I add some pertinent information at this point ? 
In all the years I attended the Alliance, I never heard a financial 
report, such as income or expense, this was never given, even though 
I was on the steering committee. 

The second thing I would like to say, that on June 22, 1975, on radio 
station WDHF John Hill was interviewed. I have a tape of that which 
I will be glad to bring to the meeting. At that time he said, if my 
recollection is correct, that 50 percent of the Alliance's funding comes 
from LEAA. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right. You don't challenge the financial informa- 
tion that has just been given to us ? 

Mrs. North. No, the only thing is that my understanding was that 
each of the task forces paid John Hill a certain amount of money 
every year as a consultant's fee. And it was the money coming in from 
the various task forces that helped pay his salary. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And he was paid money by the bail task force, when 
it was the bail task force, before it became the bail project. 

Mrs. NoREN. The bail task force I don't know about, I know about 
"Gitizens Alert." 

Mr. Gushing. If I may interject, it was the same organization, but 
I believe at the time it received its first funding, it had already been 
known as the Gook Gounty Special Bail project, if that clarifies it. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, that does clarify that thing, but it contradicts 
the lady's testimony. She just said it goes back before it was the bail 
project, when it was the bail task force, and all other task forces were 
paying money to Mr. Hill. I'm going to have to find out if that's true. 

Mr. Gushing. Yes, sir. "WTiat I am saying, it is a generic term, the 
bail project would be referred to, to this day, as the bail task force. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is that what you are doing ? 

Mrs. NoREN. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right, you are not giving new testimony. 

Mrs. NoREN. No, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. All right. Go ahead. 

Mr. Gushing. Before I leave the area of the bail task force, I want 
to emphasize the fact that there are a lot of good, honest, and sincere 



to 



137 

people who are working on the bail task force, and in light of the other 
testimony here 

Mr. SouRWixE. You mean the bail project ? 

Mr, CusHixG. Right. In light of the other testimony, which is aimed, 
in my opinion, not at the Cook County Special Bail project directly, 
but indirectly through the Alliance To End Repression, I don't want 
to misconstrue that and cast any shadows, or doubts on those people. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, that's fine. Go ahead. 

Mr. CusHiNG. All right, sir. One other point that I would like to 
go back to, that Mrs. Xoren was talking about, that the intelligence 
officers were identified. All of that information has not yet been made 
available to us. However, in the alliance publication, which is their 
May 1975 progress report they said — and that was Rick Gutman who 
was given the information — in payroll category 175, under subcategory 
099, they were given the names of six police officers. They identified 
publicly five of the six police officers. 

Now, I do not know, and have not yet been able to get access to 
who was the sixth police officer, the name that was given to them. I 
believe that my name was the sixth name. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You were not one of the five. 

Mr. CuSHixG. Xo, sir, I was not publicly identified. I did, as a matter 
of fact, attend the Alliance meeting in which this original announce- 
ment was made ; not how they did it, but when they initially announced 
the name of one of the five officers who were identified. 

Mr. SouR%viNE. Well, if you are identified by any member of the 
press, walking around the halls of the Congress, and word should get 
out that you testified here, the necessary presumption to be made by 
the Alliance and others would be that you are the sixth officer, or at 
least in that category. 

Mr. CusHixG. Let me continue because I think you are missing the 
point that I was trying to make. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Please, go ahead. 

Mr. CusHixG. It is my belief that if it is documented — and it very 
well may be — that I was the sixth officer, that at that point in time 
when the five officers were identified, the Alliance definitely knew that 
I was a police officer. They did not at that point in time identify me 
as a police officer, as they did the others, and subsequent to that the 
Alliance called me — after I had been pulled out of the Alliance— and 
encouraged me and tried to get me to come to meetings and continue 
my participation. In my belief, had I done so, it would have been used 
for the purpose of trying to embarrass the superintendent because he 
was then quoted as saying, "We do not have any police officers in your 
organization." I think that is an important point to be made. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Very good. Go ahead. 

Mr. CusHiXG. One other thing here that Officer Domeker w^as asked 
about, and I think this is a quote from the April 1975 Alliance progress 
report, I'll just read this. It goes back to the press, and I'll make it 
short and not belabor it. 

Red Squad Expose. Rick Gutman, volunteer attorney for the Citizens Alert 
project and the Alliance to End Repression was one who identified the Red Squad 
undercover agents and names of the Chicago civic groups they had infiltrated. 
The information was turned over to the Chicago Daily News reporters Larry 
Greene and Rob Warden with the agreement that the Alliance be given credit 
for uncovering the facts. 



138 

I just wanted to point out that this is not our words, it's their words, 
that they were giving this confidential information to the press for 
the purpose of publication. 

Mr. Sour WINE. Fine. 

Mr. Gushing. I think one of the comments that they consistently 
make is that the people have a right to privacy. Unfortunately we 
find ourselves in the position that as an intelligence division officer 
I may not give any information to anyone, it is classified and confi- 
dential. And they are on the one hand accusing us of wrongdoing, and 
on the other hand they are doing exactly what they have accused us of 
doing. We are in a position that we may not come up publicly and 
defend ourselves. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Go ahead. 

Mr. Gushing. In view of the fact that Deputy Superintendent Ware 
has commented — and this of course 1 did not know — about some physi- 
cal danger that existed, I think we should make it a matter of the 
record that at least in my case in one instance my home was attempted 
to be entered by people posing as public utilitymen. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Persons unknown to you ? 

Mr. Gushing. Persons unknown to me. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Whose identity you have never yet learned? 

Mr. Gushing. I was not able to find out w^ho they were, other than 
that they definitely were not 

Mr. SouRwiNE. When was that ? 

Mr. Gushing. I can't give you the date now. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Will you insert it in the record when you correct 
your testimony ? 

Mr. Gushing. Within the past few months, maybe a month ago. No, 
excuse me, it was longer than 2 months ago. At the time that this 
particular incident occurred, it was known, this is when I w^as still out 
on the street, if you will, that I was not home at the time. And these 
particular individuals tried to enter my home, and my wife was there 
alone. 

[This attempt was made on March 13, 1975 and another on June 17, 
1975.] 

So, I do not feel — you know, I am not trying to raise anybody's 
suspicion, but I do feel that there is some degree of concern that should 
be placed on this matter. 

Mr, SouRwiNE. Well, the committee, I think, would want to avoid 
asking you questions which would increase your peril in any way. 

Mr. Gushing. The other point that I would like to discuss with you 
is what I believe to be a very effective job done by the Alliance and the 
other people involved, to accomplish one of their primary, if indeed not 
their number 1 goal throughout the years, which has been to effectively 
eliminate what they refer to as the Ghicago Red Squad. The_ Alliance 
has, in my opinion, effectively blown the cover of all the Ghicago un- 
dercover police officers to my knowledge, although I do not have com- 
plete knowledge of this subject. It is my opinion that at this point in 
time it would be impossible for the Ghicago Police Department to take 
any police officer in any capacity and place him in undercover work 
without that individual being identified. 

I think that causes a serious threat not just to intelligence activities, 
but to the overall work of the Ghicago Police Department because of 
the critical importance of intelligence information to other law en- 
forcement functions. 



139 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Now, you haven't said it, but you have implied 
pretty clearlv that the Chicago PD is infiltrated by subversive groups, 
or individuals supplying information to subversive groups. How about 
that? 

Mr. Gushing. Well, sir, as far as my initial entrance into the Chi- 
cago Police Department, information was made available to me, that 

there were informants within the Chicago Police Department 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you believe it ? 

Mr. CusHiNG [continuing]. If not within the intelligence division 
itself. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you believe it to be true? 
Mr. CusHiNG. Yes, sir, I do. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Obviously you must feel the situation is prety bad 
when you say that it would be impossible for the Chicago Police De- 
partment to put an undercover man on assignment without it being 
known because that means that you don't think the commissioner could 
use his discretionary funds for that purpose, or that funds could be 
lawfully used for police appropriations without having that word get 
outside the department. 
Mr. Cushing. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. No matter how closely held, people could have access 
to it and it would be blown. 

Mr. Cushing. Well, it would not just be people. Under the operation 
now, and the degree of sophistication of the people getting this infor- 
mation, it would be a matter of public record. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You mean the department's entire operation, in- 
cluding all intelligence activities are a matter of public record, open to 
disclosure, and there really is no more undercover activity. 
Mr. Cushing. I don't see how there could be. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. That is a terrible situation. If it's true in other police 
departments, we are even worse off tlian the public knows. 

Mr. Cushing. I think the critical thing is, for example, information 
that is gathered in the case of demonstrations. The information there 
is of critical importance to the patrol division in terms of manpower ; 
who is going to demonstrate ; who is going to counterdemonstrate ; will 
there be violence, or potential for violence, this type of information 
which enables the patrol division to adequately prepare for and handle 
any type of potential or real civil disturbance. Without the informa- 
tion supplied through the intelligence gathering process it will be 
difficult, if not impossible for them to control those situations. Cer- 
tainly it would mean that they would have to use much, much more 
physical measures to handle the situations than they did in the past. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. We have seen this elsewhere. In the District of 
Columbia a few years back we had people in six figures coming here 
to demonstrate. The police knew pretty well who was coming, from 
where, how many, on what routes, when they would arrive, and they 
were able to handle the situation. They did an amazingly good job 
when you count the number of police that were used and the number 
of people that were handled. This year we may have a demonstration 
in the District, and the police may not know about it until they get 
here. 

Mr. Cushing. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. On a recent demonstration on the Hill, I don't 
believe the police department knew about it until the day before. 



140 

Mr. Gushing. If I may elaborate on that point because you are 
referring to the Capital, and I am a Chicago police officer in Chicago. 
I have, in the past, participated in intelligence gathering activities 
here in your city. I think it's critical for people to realize that I am 
not referring simply to Chicago because the information on groups 
from Chicago, groups that are traveling to Washington or anywhere 
else, they will not get that information by people who are on the job 
in Washington. 

Mr. SouRwixE. That's what I hope to bring out, there must be 
cooperation between police departments, mustn't there? 

Mr. CusHiXG. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwixE. As long as we are going to have terrorism and 
active demonstrations, whether they are violent demonstrations or 
planned as violent demons"^ rations, we are going to have blood in the 
streets and crossing State lines — we are going to have to have some 
method of coordinating intelligence. If you kill coordination through 
the elimination of all coordinating bodies, you've got nothing. If 
you eliminate police intelligence activities in major cities around the 
country, you've got nothng to start with. 

Have you any suggestions as to what the answer should be, any 
advice as to what the Congress could do by way of legislature, to 
assist ? 

Mr. CusHixG. Well, for me from my position to advise the Con- 
gress might seem like taking a giant step forward. I do firmly be- 
lieve that something does need to be done. I think if you give me 
time to sit down and prepare recommendations, not only for myself 
but others, I certainly think recommendations could be made. But at 
this point in time I do feel that some type of legislation would be 
necessary. I do feel that there needs to be a continuing cooperation 
not only among local police departments, but between different law 
enforcement agencies at different levels of government. 

For example, 1976 is our Bicentennial Year. Xow, there has been 
information — and I think it could be given to you if you wanted it — 
that it might be a very hot summer in 1976 for the Bicentennial 
celebration. Now, given the situation as I see it, with the lack of in- 
telligence information, I think there may indeed by a very severe 
problem in trying to handle whatever may occur in Washington next 
year. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Do you have any suggestions to make — and that 
goes for the other witnesses, when you correct your testimony — that 
you don't have now, please feel free. It will be subject to the chair- 
man's order with regard to admission, but I am sure that any sug- 
gestions you have to make will be admitted. 

[The following letter subsequently was received from Mr. Cushing.] 

Chicago, III., August 26, 1975. 
Senator Stbom Thurmond, 
U.S. Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Washington, D.C. 

Dear Senator: Enclosed is the corrected copy of my testimony before your 
Subcommittee on Internal Security. You may recall that at the time it was 
explained to the committee that I had been undercover for over five years and 
therefore it was virtually impossible to testify accurately on specific details 
without first researching our files to refresh my memory. 



141 

I returned to Chicago with the understanding that these files would be made 
available to me. They have not. Therefore, I am not able to comply fully with 
the requests of your committee. 
Sincerely yours, 

David E. Gushing. 

Do you have anything further to add? 

Mr. DoRXEKER. Yes, sir, one more item. The Socialist Workers 
Party is a coplaintiff in the lawsuit against the intelligence division 
of the Chicago Police Department. The lawsuit was filed by the Al- 
liance to End Repression. On February 19, 1975 certain remarks were 
contained in the Congressional Record and in part they state that 
James Cannon, who is the Socialist Workers Party founder wrote 
a thesis on American revolution. In part it said: 

The hopeless contradiction of American capitalism, inextricably tied up with 
the gut agony of world capitalism are bound to lead to a social crisis of such 
eatastropic proportions as will place a proletarian revolution on the order of 
the day. The revolutionary vanguard party destined to lead this tumultuous 
revolutionary movement in the U.S. does not have to be created, it already 
exists, and its name is the Socialist Workers Party. 

He goes on to say: 

We are not for reforming of the capitalist police force, we stand for its com- 
plete dismantling and abolition. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Well, this of course is the Communist position, that 
the Socialist Workers Party is a Marxist party. And by way of 
comment, that isn't a new thing that we should have intelligence 
activity. Much of the publications and publicity of those who are 
harassing the police make it sound as though this is something new, 
a recently developed invasion of citizens' rights. The fact is, we 
wouldn't have had any battle of Bunker Hill if it hadn't been for 
the excellent intelligence of the Committee of Patriots and Sam 
Adams' people. When they found out the British were going to oc- 
cupy Bunker Hill, they decided they would occupy it first; that's 
how the battle of Bunker Hill, or Breed's Hill, came about. 

It might not hurt if we stress some of these facts, that you can't 
run any kind of a law enforcement operation, any more than you 
could any kind of a war, or any kmd of a revolution, without 
intelligence. 

And the enemy — and subversive organizations are the enemy — 
seeks to eliminate intelligence by this law and order side through 
its harassment of the police department. I didn't mean to testify as 
a witness. 

Do any of you three have anything further you wish to add? Off 
the record. 

[Discussion off the record.] 

Senator Thurmoxd. Back on the record. 

Do the witnesses have anything further they wish to contribute to 
this hearing? Feel free to say anything else, if you like. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Mr. Chairman, each of the witnesses has furnished 
the documentation which we requested, memorandiums, and other 
materials, which support their testimony. I believe the record will 
show it's already in; but perhaps we should have an inclusive order 
from the Chair that all this material so received may be made a 
part of the record, subject to the rules of the Chair on whether it 
goes into the body, or the appendix. 



142 

Senator Thurmond. Well, without objection the material received, 
all the documents and other materials, will be made a part of the 
record. The Chair will make a decision as to whether it will be 
printed, or whether it will be held for reference. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Very good, sir. 

Senator Thurmond. If the witnesses have nothing else, and coun- 
sel has nothing else, we will declare the hearing closed. And again, 
I want to express my appreciation to the witnesses who came here 
today and testified. We thank you for your appearance, and we are 
hopeful that the hearing will be helpful to our country. Thank you 
very much. 

[Whereupon, at 1 :30 p.m., the subcommittee adjourned, subject 
to the call of the Chair.] 



APPENDIX 

The following excerpts were taken from a publication prepared and released 
by the Committee on Un-American Activities, U.S. House of Representatives, 
1961: 

"The committee has ascertained that a Communist front is an organization 
or publication created or captured by the Communists to do the party's work 
in areas where an openly Communist project would be unwelcome. Because 
subterfuge often makes it difficult to recognize its true nature, the Communist 
front has become an important weapon of communism in this country. A Com- 
munist front, for example, may camouflage its true purposes behind such moral 
and human appeals as "peace" and "civil rights" while serving the aims of 
the Communist Party and the Soviet Union. 

"By 'outright' Communist enterprises, the committee refers to such organi- 
zations as the Communist Party, U.S.A., whose subservience to the Soviet 
Union and international communism cannot be disguised. An examination of 
this compilation will disclose relatively few organizations of this nature as 
compared with the hundreds of front organizations controlled by the Communist 
Party in the United States. 

"The committee believes that the issuance of this edition of its Guide is 
particularly instructive in view of the Communists revival, following the death 
of Stalin in 1953, of their "united front" strategy of the 1930's. In contrast 
to the overtly hostile attitude adopted by Communists in the post World War II 
period, a switch in party line decreed by Soviet Communist leaders calls for 
Communists to extend their hands in "friendship" and "cooperation" with non- 
Communists — whether as nations, organizations or individuals. 

"Similar efforts to create what Communists called a "united front" with 
non-Communists occurred in the mid-1930's as a direct result of the Soviet 
Union's fear of the rising power of the Fascist dictatorships. A multitude of 
Communist fronts flourished in the United States in that period because thou- 
sands of dupes were lulled by the Communists' siren song of friendship. Many 
of the organizations which operated at that time are listed in this compilation. 

"The current 'united front' strategy was decreed by the post-Stalin 'collec- 
tive leadership' of the Soviet Union and continued by Nikita Khrushchev when 
he inherited Josef Stalin's mantle as supreme Soviet dictator. The united front 
was one of a number of new strategies adopted to meet the exigencies of the 
post-Stalin leadership. Communist-front organizations which have been estab- 
lished in the United States since the mid-1950's, as well as previously estab- 
lished organizations under Communist control, have exploited the united front 
technique to the utmost. 

"Americans who are mindful of previous Communist duplicity along the same 
lines will not be fooled by the Communists' "extended hand of friendship" and 
will withhold their support from presently operating Communist and Communist- 
front enterprises. In view of the devious disguises employed by Communist- 
front groups, however, the committee believes that this revised Guide will 
provide additional assistance to tho.se who would avoid aiding a subversive 
cause. Many Communist fronts currently functioning in the United States are 
identified in this compilation." 

An open example of a Communist front organization is the National Committee 
Against Repressive Legislation, formerly known as the National Committee 
to Abolish HUAC/HISC (House Internal Security Committee), formerly the 
National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee, 
a group cited to be a Communist front organization by the House Committee 
on Un-American Activities in 1962, vol. 2, pages 1467-2201, Hearings and Reports 
of the House of Representatives on Un-American Activities, 87th Congress, 
2d Session, 1962. 

The National Committee to Abolish HUAC was cited as a "New Organization" 
set up in the summer of I960 "to lead and direct the Communist Party's 'Opera- 
tion Abolition' campaign." "Seven of the national leaders of this group have 
been identified as Communists" as revealed in House Report 1278 on the Truth 

(143) 



144 

About the Film "Operation Abolition," part 1, Oct. 3, 1961. This Operation 
Abolition was a direct frontal assault campaign, launched by the Communist 
Party, USA, to abolish the House Internal Security Committee. 

The National Committee to Abolish HUAC, now known as National Com- 
mittee Against Repressive Legislation has as its Executive Director Frank 
Wilkinson, National OflSce located 555 N. Western Avenue, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia. Frank Wilkinson was a topic of discussion in House Report 259 on 
the Southern California District of the Communist Party, Committee on Un- 
American Activities, 3 April 1959. The report spoke of the Citizens Committee 
to Preserve American Freedoms : 

"The (Communist) party's front operations in the Southern California 
District today are, confined to four major organizations, which included the 
Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms. 

"The Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms, specializes in 
propaganda aimed at abolishing the Committee on Un-American Activities and 
discrediting the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Created in Los Angeles in 
1952, the front organization is run by Frank Wilkinson, an identified Communist 
who recently resumed the full-time, paid post of executive secretary after 
approximately a year's leave of absence to assist in a similar campaign by 
another front in New York City, the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee. 

"When the Committee on Un-American Activities held hearings in Los 
Angeles September 2-5, 1958, to inquire into the nature of the party's recent 
reorganization in California, the Citizens Committee to Preserve American 
Freedoms sponsored a series of public meetings to protest the hearings and the 
very existence of the committee. Communists subpenaed as witnesses were guests 
of honor. 

"At this time, leaders of the party's Southern California District were mobiliz- 
ing Communists in the area for participation in an intensified campaign to abolish 
this committee of Congress. How the Citizens Committee to Preserve American 
Freedoms served the party in this effort was revealed by (Communist Party) 
District Chairman, Dorothy Healey in a report to the party's Southern District 
Council on September 21, 1958. Mrs. Healey declared that the party preferred 
public protest meetings to be held by the Citizens Committee to Preserve Freedoms 
rather than under party auspices because Communists could attend without 
danger of being exposed as members of the party. She also noted that Communists 
scheduled as congressional committee witnesses could not appear beforehand at 
openly Communist rallies without creating the impression that the party was 
conspiring with witnesses to withhold information from the committee." 

In the Committee on Un-American Activities, annual report for 1958, House 
Report 187, March 9, 1959, reference was made to the aforementioned Emergency 
Civil Liberties Committee as it being : 

"An organization with headquarters in New York, whose avowed purpose is to 
abolish the House Committee on Un-American Activities and discredit the FBI. 
The comittee finds that the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, established in 
1951, although representing itself as a non-Communist group, actually operated 
as a front for the Communist Party. It has repeatedly assisted, by means of 
funds and legal aid, Communists involved in Smith Act violations and similar 
legal proceedings. One of its chief activities has been and still is the dissemina- 
tion of voluminous Communist propaganda material." 

Frank Wilkinson was called as a witness when he appeared in Atlanta as a 
representative of the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee to propagandize 
against the Committee on Un-American Activities and to protest its hearings. 
In 1956 Wilkinson was identified as a Communist Party member by a former FBI 
undercover agent within the party. Summoned at that time to answer the allega- 
tion his reply to all questions was, "I am answering no questions of this com- 
mittee." This also became hearings. Wilkinson has since been convicted of 
contempt of Congress and sentenced to one year in jail. 

Disputing the non-Communist claim of the organization, the committee found 
that a number of other individuals connected with the Emergency Civil Liberties 
Committee had been identified under oath as Communists. 

Internal Security Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Handbook 
for Americans. S. Doc. 117, April 23, 1956, follows with this concerning the 
Emergency Civil Liberties Committee : 

"To defend the cases of Communist lawbreakers, fronts have been devised 
making special appeals in behalf of civil liberties and reaching out far beyond 
the confines of the Communist Party itself. Among these organizations are the, 



145 

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee. When the Communist Party itself is under 
fire these fronts offer a bulwark of protection." 

A Chicago based organization that is directly affiliated with the National Com- 
mittee Against Repressive Legislation is the Chicago Committee to Defend the 
Bill of Rights. The Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights is the succes- 
sor committee to the Chicago Committee to Defend Democratic Rights which after 
1959 was located at 189 W. Madison, Chicago, Illinois. This organization is the 
Midwest Regional Office of the National Committee Against Repressive 
Legislation. 

Located at the 189 W. Madison address with the Chicago Committee to Defend 
the Bill of Rights, 8th floor, was the Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born on the 4th floor. Testimony of Lola Belle Holmes as reported in Hearings 
before Committee on Un-American Activities 89th Congress, Communist Activities 
in the Chicago, Illinois Area, part 1 states : 

"They (Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights) had offices on the 8th 
floor, and the Midwest Committee had offices on the 4th floor. They had an exten- 
sion phone from the Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights to the Midwest Com- 
mittee office which, when I was off or when there was no other help there, Richard 
Criley answered the phone and took care of the Midwest Committee's affairs." 

Miss Holmes identified Criley as the executive officer of the Chicago Committee 
to Defend the Bill of Rights, a member of the Communist Party and formerly a 
member of the State Committee of the Communist Party. 

Committee on Un-American Activities, House Report 1182 on Communist Polit- 
ical Subversion, August 16, 1957, reports on the Midwest Committee For Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born : 

"Documentary evidence in the form of official publications of the American 
Committee (for Protection of Foreign Born) and of various of the so-called area 
or local committees (including the Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born) established a continuous and consistent pattern of authoritative references 
to the American Committee as the national office or national organization, and the 
area or local committees as 'part of and 'affiliated to' the American Committee." 

"The American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born and the various area 
or local committees, constitute one organization within the meaning of the stat- 
ute (Internal Security Act) under which the Subversive Activities Control Board 
found the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born to be a 'Commu- 
nist-front organization' and ordered it to register as such with the Attorney 
General. 

"Cited as a 'regional organization' of the American Committee for Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born, 'the Committee on Un-American Activities found that in 
early publications the local affiliates frankly identified themselves as chapters of 
the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Bom ; their representation of 
themselves as independent groups came only after enactment of the Internal Se- 
curity Act which would have required them, as affiliates, to register as Commu- 
nist-front organization.' 

"Control of the organizations was made possible primarily by virtue of the fact 
that the leaders of the local groups were Communist Party members and there- 
fore subject to the discipline of the party. The local affiliates were actually little 
more than administrative staffs whose purpose it was to implement the program 
of the Communist Party in their respective areas. 

"The Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born was established in 
1947 in Chicago." 

Exhibit #1, a letter from the American Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Bom shows a list of sponsors and among them are Rev. William Baird, Richard 
Criley and Frank Wilkinson. Criley is an identified member of the Communist 
Partv, USA, having been identified by Carl Nelson, an informant, at House Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities (HCUA) hearings in 1959 and Lola Belle 
Holmes at HCUA hearings in 1965. It is important to note that Criley and his or- 
ganization the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights both play a lead- 
ing role in Chicago events. 

This comes to light in the formation of the Alliance To End Repression, now 
located at 22 East Van Buren, Chicago. 111. A major behind the scene influence in 
the Alliance activities is Richard Criley. Criley's prominence and role in the 
Alliance was revealed at a public meeting of over 1000 people when the Chairman 
of the Alliance described Criley as "the founding father of the Alliance." 

Exhibit #2, issued bv the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights and 
signed by Richard Criley executive director, solicits funds for the Alliance To 
End Repression as it was in serious financial condition. The letter in part states. 



146 

"In our judgment, the Alliance is the most significant development in the entire 
country in the area of civil liberties and civil rights." Most significant is the 
remark, "As one of the organizations which helped to create the Alliance, we 
(Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights) believe that its tremendous 
promise must not be jeopardized by a critical — if temporary— lack of operating 
funds." 

Letter exhibit #2 is printed on Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights 
stationery and shows as its vice chairman Rev. William Baird, Executive Direc- 
tor Richard L. Criley, Advisory Council Rev. Martin Deppe, John Kearney, 
Board of Directors Milton Cohen, Rev. Francis J. McGrath and Jesse Prosten to 
name but a few. 

The National Committee Against Repressive Legislation which is the national 
office of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights, prepared and dis- 
tributed literature in the form of a booklet (exhibit #3), "is designed to provide 
you with the specific information which you need to act — in time to check the re- 
pressive schemes of the Executive and Legislative branches of our government." 
The portion of this booklet that further tells the story of the creation of the Alli- 
ance To End Repression is the proposal by the National Committee Against Re- 
pressive Legislation that concerned organizations "take immediate steps to join 
with other concerned groups" in their community "to form an Alliance Against 
Repression — to unite the work against racism, war and repression." 

Exhibit #4 shows a leaflet concerning an open meeting which featured as one 
of the si>eakers Rev. John Hill Chairman of the Alliance Against Repression. This 
information coupled with the admission of Richard Criley that the Chicago Com- 
mittee to Defend the Bill of Rights helped create the Alliance (exhibit #2) and a 
statement by Rev William Baird when he, "told of his experience in getting 67 
organizations in Chicago organized in the Chicago Alliance to End Repression ; it 
took 27 years to get it together," gives the background of who brought the Alliance 
into existence (exhibit#5). 

As the name Richard L. Criley, "the founding father of the Alliance", keeps 
appearing, the following information should be kept in mind : He has been 
identified as Executive Director of Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of 
Rights (exhibit #2), sponsor of American Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born (exhibit #1), co-founder of Chicago Fair Play for Cuba Committee with 
John Rossen (exhibit #6). According to the January 19, 1962 Daily News, "In 
1934. he (Criley) was an organizer for the Young Communist League of Cali- 
fornia and became its president in 1940, according to public records." United 
States DIEs Committee Vol. 1-3A, Hearings 1938-1939, from the hearings of 
HCUA entitled "Investigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the 
United States," Vol. 1, beginning on page 587 and extending to page 590, a list 
of officers of the Young Communist League, the name Dick Criley appears on 
column one under the heading "National Council Committee." 

In the House Committee on Un-American Activities Hearings entitled, "In- 
vestigation of Un-American Propaganda Activities in the United States, Vol. 3, 
the testimony of Harper L. Knowles of the American Legion Department of 
California, concerning the American Youth Congress, beginning on page 1979, 
included the identification of Richard Criley as a Communist. On page 1981 
Richard Criley is identified by the witness as a representative "of the San 
Francisco Young Communist League, and Communist Party." 

Departments of State, Justice and Commerce and Judiciary, and related 
Agencies Appropriations, House of Representatives, part 1, pages 739-740, 
refer to "Public Appearances of Party (Communist Party USA) Leaders on 
Campuses, School Year 1968-69, School, Bradley University, Peoria, Illinois, 
Speaker Richard Criley. Date April 14, 1969. (exhibit #7) 

Many of the persons mentioned along with Criley have been identified as 
Communist Party members or affiliated with identified Communist Party or- 
ganizations. The organization which Criley and his Communist Party front 
helped to start is the Alliance To End Repression. The following are members 
or functionaries of the Alliance and their affiliation with other organizations : 

Milton Cohen, identified as member of Communist Party, Communist Activi- 
ties in the Chicago Area, part 1, Hearings before the Committee on Un-American 
Activities House of Representatives. 1965, page 306 ; member of Board of Di- 
rectors Chicago Committee To Defend the Bill of Rights (exhibit #2) ; Secre- 
tary of Alliance To End Repression (exhibit #8) ; Steering Committee Alliance 
To End Repression (exhibit 9). 

Rev. Martin Deppe, identified as member of Alliance To End Repression Steer- 
ing Committee (exhibit #9A), Advisory Council of Chicago Committee to Defend 



147 

the Bill of Rights (exhibit #2), Vice President of Methodist Federation for 
Social Action (exhibit #5). 

Methodist Federation for Social Action was discussed in the Internal Security 
Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Handbook for Americans, 
April 23, 1956, page 91, and referred to in the following manner : 

"With an eye to religious groups, the Communists have formed religious 
fronts such as the Methodist Federation for Social Action." 

Methodist Federation for Social Action publication, Social Questions Bulletin, 
number 7, vol. 62, October 1972, (exhibit #5) is quoted as follows : 

"Rev. William Baird, Executive Director of the Northern California Com- 
mittee Against Repressive Legislation, and pastor of the Humanist Church in 
Oakland, told of his experience in getting 67 organizations in Chicago organized 
in the Chicago Alliance To End Repression ; it took 27 years to get it together. 
Our MFSA vice president Martin Deppe was involved in this project. Chicago is 
the only place in the U.S. where there is such an alliance. 'I was headlined in the 
Chicago Tribune as the Red Minister of Chicago.' Feeling that the threat of a 
police state in the U.S. was very great, the Alliance helped to get 50 anti-Daley 
delegates elected to the Democratic Convention. 'A Roman Catholic priest is 
chairman of the Alliance, a nun is secretary. We won't do anything unless we 
work with the Gus Halls." (Gus Hall is identified as being General Secretary of 
the Communist Party USA) 

Sylvia Kushner is known to be a member of the Steering Committee of the 
Alliance To End Repression (exhibit #8) and exhibit #10 shows her as signing 
a letter as the Executive Secretary of the Chicago Peace Council. The February 
6, 1975, Congressional Record identifies the Chicago Peace Council as, "Another 
CPUSA front group." (exhibit #11) 

Jesse Prosten, member of Board of Directors Chicago Committee to Defend 
the Bill of Rights (exhibit #2) and has been a staff member of the Finance 
Committee of the Alliance To End Repression. Identified as member of the 
Communist Party by the House Committee on. Un-American Activities, 1959. 

John Kearney is shown on exhibit #12 as reporting on the activities of the 
Alliance To End Repression Bail Task Force and exhibit 2 indicates that Kearney 
was a member of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights Advisory 
Council. 

Francis J. McGrath is listed as being on the Steering Committee of the Alliance 
To End Repression (exhibit #13) and Vice Chairperson of the Alliance (exhibit 
#14). Exhibit #2 lists McGrath as a member of the Board of Directors of the 
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. 

To illustrate Communist Party involvement and influence in the formation of 
the Alliance To End Repression and in its present direction and administration, 
exhibit 15 shows organizations w^hich have been cited as, "Communist Fronts" 
and the Alliance being formed by members of the Chicago Committee to Defend 
the Bill of Rights and the Chicago Peace Council. Exhibit #16 shows a break- 
down of the same organizations with the persons who are involved. 

The Daily World has been identified in testimony before the Committee on 
Internal Security as the oflScial newspaper of the Communist Party, USA, (page 
2230, The Theory and Practice of Communism, part 3, Hearings before the Com- 
mittee on Internal Security House of Representatives Oct. 17, 1973.) and carried 
an article on page 9 December 10, 1970, which was captioned, "Hundreds at mid- 
west tribute to Gus Hall." "Among those present" the article included the iden- 
tification of Claude Lightfoot co-chairman of the Communist Party's Black Lib- 
eration Commission and Chairman of the Communist Party of Illinois ; Fr. John 
Hill Chairman of the Alliance To End Repression; and others, (exhibit #17) 

Again on October 28, 1971, the Daily World, page 4, there appeared an article 
titled, "Tribute to Patterson draws a wide array." "Sharing the head table with 
Patterson (William) and his wife, Louise Thompson Patterson, were Ishmael 
Flory, master of ceremonies and chairman of the Banquet Committee: Henry 
Winston, chairman of the Communist Party leaders ; Claude Lightfoot and Arnold 
Johnson, Communist Party leaders ; Mrs. Sallye Davis, mother of Angelea 
Da\is ; Pearl Hart, civil liberties attorney ; Rev. John Hill, chairman 
of the Alliance to End Repression ; Ernest DeMaio, director of District 11 of the 
United Electrical Workers ; Jack Kling, Secretary of the Illinois Communist 
Party ; Lynn Stinnette, Illinois chairman of the Young Workers Liberation 
League, and Betty Smith and Tommy Deninus, who led delegations from Minne- 
sota and Michigan respectively." Nine of the aforementioned persons who shared 
the head table have been identified as or admitted that they are members of 



148 

functionaries of the Communist Party. Among those seated at the head table 
paying tribute was John Hill from the Alliance To End Repression, (exhibit 
#18) 

During hearings before the Committee on Internal Security House of Repre- 
sentatives, 1-6 Nov. 1973, and outlined in part 4 of hearings. The Theory and 
Practice of Communism, Mr. Crandall, counsel for the subcommittee presented 
the following question to Charles Fitzpatrick who was a member of the Com- 
munist Party and confidential informant for the FBI : 

"In the following the activities of the Commimist Party, USA, in the past sev- 
eral years, have you seen any evidence where it has advocated violence, where 
they have advocated revolution through force and violence?" 

"Mr. Ficzpatrick's answer was, 'Yes.' However, I must say that the CPUSA 
has for some time been very circumspect in this regard. The leadership, and the 
membership, fully realize from past experience that there are laws in this coun- 
try, such as the Smith Act, that carry severe penalties for advocating the over- 
throw of our Government by violence. 

"Revolution through violence is basic in Marxist-Leninist ideology. However, 
the ideology points out that violence must result only at the proper stage of the 
revolutionary process. 

"I might also add in that connection — the CPUSA's experiences In this coun- 
try, going back to the period from the 1940's to the 1950's — this committee for a 
number of years was a very effective anti-Communist voice in our country. 

"For one thing, the Communist Party cannot stand exposure of its ideology, 
of its thrust, its infiltration of legitimate organizations, et cetera. This commit- 
tee, in their experience and in mine, has been effective both in having them realize 
that when this topic is discussed, if it is discussed at all, it has to be treated most 
delicately, most circumspectly. And as I have said, this is predicated on the 
Smith Act, by exposure from congressional committees, and, of course, by FBI 
infiltration of the Communist Party." 

Infiltration of legitimate organizatioris such as local civic groups leads to the 
formation of Communist front organizations which "serve the aims of the Com- 
munist Party." An identified Communist helped to form the Alliance To End 
Repression (Richard Criley), a Communist Party front organization (National 
Committee Against Repressive Legislation) requested that an Alliance Against 
Repression be formed, several identified members of the Communist Party are 
members of the Alliance To End Repression, (Richard Criley, Milton Cohen, 
Sylvia Kushner) and members of the Alliance To End Repression that hold 
offices or are members of identified Communist Party front organizations are, 
Richard Criley, Milton Cohen, Martin Deppe, Frank McGrath, John Kearney, 
Jesse Prosten and Sylvia Kushner. 

Charles Fitzpatrick spoke of an International meeting of the communist and 
workers parties in Moscow 5-17 June 1969. Among the 70 Communist Parties 
represented at the meeting, was Gus Hall Communist Party USA National Chair- 
man. The conference issued a main report of which 15 were considered to be vital 
points. Two points which concern this report are : In its actions against the 
working class movement, imperialism tramples democratic rights and freedoms 
and uses brutal methods of police persecution and anti-labor legislation ; Let us 
step up the offense against imperialism and internal action. The actions against 
the working class spoken of are much the same as the issues which the Alliance 
To End Repression has undertaken in its support of its Communist Party 
influence. 

The Alliance To End Repression has long been the author and distributor of 
anti-police and anti-criminal justice system type literature. Exhibit #19 accuses 
the police of a multitude of crimes and misconduct against the black community, 
which could spread to the whole community. The Alliance attacks the "unprece- 
dented report of the Grand Jury, recommending more police spying, more investi- 
gations of communistic ideas', more rapid sentencing of 'subversive elements', is 
an invitation to go back to the McCarthy era." 

To further emphasize the Alliance's suport of Communist Party causes exhibit 
20 shows numerous members (Richard Criley, John Hill, Hiroshi Kanno and 
John Kearney) being sponsors along with identified Communist Party members 
of an organization which concerns itself with a suit by the Socialist Workers 
Party, which itself has been identified as a Communist organization. 

On May 13, 1971, the Alliance To End Repression held a meeting of its sur- 
veillance task force. The aims and goals of this task force were to be directed 
to the gathering of information on the Red Squad (Intelligence Division of the 



149 

Chicago Police Department). The objective was : To obtain all information possi- 
ble in regard to the identity of individual agents and their respective account- 
ability in the chain of command of the Chicago Police Department ; determine the 
locations of Red Squad 'fronts', or, specifically, administrative and operational 
control centers of overt and covert units of the Subversive Section of the Intelli- 
gence Division, and the ultimate goal of the task force being to control and limit 
the operations of the Red Squad until the eventual elimination of the unit. 

On November 13, 1974, the Alliance To End Repression filed a law suit against 
the Intelligence Division of the Chicago Police Department in Federal Court. 

The latest activity in support of the Alliance's anti-Intelligence Division en- 
deavor was support and participation in a, "Rally and March, End Police Spying 
and Police Harassment 1 Abolish the Red Squad." Other sponsors of the rally 
included Socialist Workers Party, Young Socialist Alliance and the Communist 
Party USA. (exhibit #21) 



60-030 O - 75 - 8 



150 



Exhibit No. 1 



Di PAUl lEHMANN 

HooorofX Choi'mor, 
» Prof. LOUISE PErriDOME SMIIH 



,, MARK A. CHAMDERltN 
». STEPHEN H, FRIICHMAN 
WILIARO UPHAUS 



AMERICAN COMMITTEE FOR PROTECTION OF FOREIGN BORN 



[founded 1933) 
799 BROADWAY, SUITE 233. NEW YORK, N. Y. 10003 



ORegon 4-5058 



April 12,1973 




w R*.' lEE H. BAIL 

Spontors (Porfial Litl) 
^m Bitliop Jornei ArmiTroncj 

Jani«i Aronton 
^Re*. WiMiom I Bdird 
Mtgr Geno Bo'om 
Jone Bcned.cl 
Hon. Elmer A. Benton 
^Alvoh Be^iio 

Ml. lu Bo«tiche( 



3fdo 
uben W. Bo- 



,ugh 



» Mrs Ann« Broden 

-Corl Broden 
Prof. G. Murroy Bronch 
Dr. Dorothf BrcwiTor 
Rev fiack D ComphTll 
Jotto M. Coe. Ejq. 
Poor F Co'ey 
Prof Vern Countrymon 
Re*. Henry Hilt Crona 

«»ttk)>a'd l. Cr.ley 
Judge George W. Cn 
Pro) Ephfc 



Df Jei 
Frc 



' Do'i 



nhoU Oovli 
Prof. Slonton Lir)g Do«>' 
Hugh DeLocy 
^»0r. Jofnei Dcmbrowiki 
Wolier DoroiK 

r EpMeirf 



, Ew 



Al Ev< 

Srontey Foutknei 
a^Abe Ferngloit 
^m Henr^ f oner 

Rev. (M>st} Morion C Fren^ 
^Mri. Rufh Coge-Colby 

Hugo Gcllerl 

Mfi Eliiobeih K ColHmoo 
•■Corllon B- Goodletl, M D. 

Sidney J. Gluck 

Or. ftolpl. II. Gi-ndlocl) 

Peorl M Hon, E*q. 

Peter Howley 

Prof Fronces W Herring 

Dr Edmund P. Hjllpem 

Prof. Herberr Jehle 

Rev Aihlon Jonei 

Floryncp R Kennedy, Eiq, 

Dovid B Kimmplmon, M D, 

Mi Mory Ko(h.yomo 

Dr John Koto 

P.of. Oliver S. loud 
MM Bishop Edgor love 

Mi*» Florenie H Imromb 

Pfof Curtis D. MocDougoll 

Alber* Molli 

Prof. Kirtley F. Mother 

Pro*. Theodor Moucti 

Rev Woi'erA MtClenoohon 

lev, Jo-nei W. MtKnlght 
•»Rev. William Howard Mcliih 

Horo^e S. Meldohl, Esq. 

Mrs Morion D. Muniell 

George B. Murphy, Jr. 

Dr. Olio Nolhon 
^ Sroll Neoring 

Rev. Clorenre T. R Nelson 

Mrs. Ruth Franco Norricic 

Joteph Norrirk 
— HorveyO Connor 

Prof Howor 

Mrs. Moriquilo Plate 

Thos E. Ouigley 
«— M.ss Bertho C Reynolds 

Prof Titpodor Rosebufy 

Rev. A Finley Schoef 

Rev W Chrisloph Srhmouch 

F, W. Stover 

Pfof. Dirk J. SUu.k 

Paul M Sweety 

Mrs. Cioro M, VIntent 

Prof leroy Wfiermon 

John M Weall1F>wa^ 

Prof Burton D. Wethsler 

Mrs Mary Hoys We,k 
M* Fronk Wilkinson 

Henry WiHco. 

Prof. H H Wilson 

Henry Wilton 
^A I W„m. Esq 



FofSons 



Dear Friend, 

In dragnet operations reminiscent of the 1920 Palmer raids, Imuigra- 
tion officials are arresting — on the street, outside a theater, on a 
subway, anywhere — dark-skinned persons who look Latin American. Sound 
impossible? The enclosed article gives specific details. 

U.S. citizens and residents are being caught up in these raids, TIME 
magazine (2/19/73) describes the ordeal of Amando Muftoz, bom in Harlin- 
gen, Texas, who was working in Florida. Because he had no identification 
with him, Inmigration agents simply ordered him: "Get in the truck," 
Along with others he was flown from Miami to Yucatan in Mexico, 1,200 miles 
from Texas! After almost two months of hitchhiking, walking, and doing odd 
jobs to buy food, he reached the Texas border. His sister brought his bap- 
tismal certificate, and he was admitted to the U.S. MuTToz is suing the 
Immigration Service for $25,000, 

These dragnet raids are unconstitutional, racist and a threat to the 
rights of all citizens. On the same basis. Immigration authorities could 
stop persons of any national background such as those who look Irish, 
Slavic or Italian I The foreign bom are being used as a scapegoat for 
growing unemployment, soaring prices and other pressing social ills. 

The American Committee sponsored a widely publicized press conference 
(January 12) and a protest demonstration (January 17) in New York City, 
We enclose a petition sponsored by leaders of trade unions and ethnic 
groups in New York City. We ask you to secure signatures and return the 
petition to us. 

The time to fight is NOWI Won't you help? 



''T'a^^-Q, Loa, 



Sincerely, 



)^ M: I3d^ 



Dr. Paul Lehmann, Chaitman 



Rev. Lee H. Ball, Treasurer 



Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, Honorary Chaiman 



P.S. This year narks the 40th Anniversary of the American Committee's 
work in defense of the foreign bom. 



3> Congress should enact a Statute of Limitations on deportations and denaturalizations 



151 



Exhibit No. 2 



Chicago Committee 10 iLvi_i/ l^uJL'J' j I 

"57-/'. '7. T '".."/; /7 .'.■'"^/r '■ = i 

RSGN7S V!A 



Nov. 30, 1970 

Dear Friend: 

Before you dismiss this letter as the 100th fund appeal you 
have received this month, please read on. 

It is probably the first appeal you have received from an 
organization which is itself in need, in. behalf of another group . 

We are subordinating our own financial problems because 
we believe that the Alliance to End Repression is that important. 
In our judgment, tlie Alliance is the most significant development 
in the entire country in the area of civil liberties and civil rights. 

The Alliance is a new and creative movement composed of a 
diversity of organizations, from the inner-city to suburbia. It has 
proved that it can deal concretely and effectively with issues -- 
local and national -- the resolution of which will determine the 
future of a meaningful Bill of Rights. 

The Alliance has made unity of action its trade mark in a 
period beset with the frustrations of ideological, factional and 
racial divisiveness. . , a unity symbolized by its officers who in- 
clude a distinguished Catholic priest, a nationally-know Unitarian 
minister and a militant leader of the Black Coalition. 

The Alliance's serious financial crisis, which could threaten its 
life, is the by-product of its very success -- its remarkable growth 
and expansion of activity -- which outran the creation of an ade- 
quate financial base. 

As one of the organizations which helped to create the Alliance, 
we believe that its tremendous promise must not be jeopardized by 
a critical --^f temporary -- lack of operating funds. 

We enclose an invitation to a reception for Jane Fonda, part of 
the proceeds of which will be donated to the Alliance. We hope you 
can attend. But if you cannot, could you naail us a check m.ade out 
to the Alliance to End Repression? If you can do this as a down- 
payment on a nn-onthly pledge for a linnited period of time, it would 
be most helpful. But in any case any contribution you can make is 
urgently needed. 

Sincerely yours. 



SUITF 603 
431 SOUTH DEARBORN SlREtT 
CHICAGO. ILLINOIS f/lfeOS 
930-0675 



Robert J. Havighurst 
Co-Chair man 



Richard L. Criiey 
Exec. Director 



HONORARY CHAIRMfN 
EARL B. DiCKfnSON 

RABBI JACOB J weiNr.rtiN 

CO-CHArRMCN 

PROF. ROBERT J. mav;GhuRST 
REV. VICTOR OtENMtUS 

VICt-CHAIRMEH 

R£V. WILLIAM T BAiHO 

PROf- CURTIS MACDOUGALL 

RABBI ARNOLD JACOB WOLF 

TftlASUKIR 

FRANK A. ANGLIN. jR. 

IXICUTIVK DIRECTOR 

RICHARD L. CRILEV 



ADVISORY COUNCIL 

TIMUEL D BLACK JR. 

REV EDWrN I DuEhRER 

PROF. CARL W CONDIT 

REV. MARTIN L. OEPPE 

JOSEPH ENGEL 

ABE FEiNGLASS 

REV, GERARD G GPanT 

PROF. WM, A. HAYES 

JOHN ULARNtT 

VERY REV. SAMUEL J, VARTlN 

RABBI ROBERT J MARX 

REV, JULES L MOREAU 

ALBERT A. RA6Y 

REV. JOSEPH SiTTLER 

JACK SULLIVAN 

■OARO OF OtRf CTORS 

REV. FREDERIC E SAU 

HARRY BARNARD 

BORIS BRAIL 

EDWARD CAREY 

MILTON COHEN 

ERNEST M DE MAlO 

REV WILLIAM R. FAW 

RICHARD GALLOWAY 

PflCF. CHARLES H. GEORGE 

PROF MARGARET Y. GEORGE 

SEN GREEN 

PEARL M. HART 

OR- MYMAN J MIRShFiELO 

DAVID C. JEMNSEN 

DANIEL KAJFMAN 

REV S. HUNTER LEGGiTT 

HARRY MACK 

REV. IfcSIEL J MALLETTE 

 AFAYETTE MARSH 

PROF. (JA-iTlN B MaTmEWS 

REV. FRANCIS J WCGRATH 

REV. AKiRO MEKINO 

RUTH MUENCH 

ISAOORE POMERANTZ 

JESSE PROSTEN 

OONALC *. ROSE 

NORMAN C ROTH 

DR. BORIS RUEEN3TEIN 

EVELYN SALK 

THOMAS L. SLATER 

WALTER SOROKA 

JACK SPIEGEL 

PROF WILLIAM T STA-^R 

fl£V. LYNWARO 5TEs>t*.jON 

EOMONIA SWANSON 

Gilbert terry 

RCV C T. VIVIAN 

OTTO WANDER 

GWENDOLYN v-p. i'.i\<S 

SiGEMONO v>.'J.t.ai.i 

RABBI S. BU<)ii TAMPOL 

OR OUENTiN TOUNf; 



152 



Exhibit No. 3 



"The biggoGt threat 
to the orderly ccnduct of business... 
is peopia— the wrong kind of people.. 
We would ii!:e assurance that 
there is a... mechanism for 
detention of known security risks— 
whether Commu nists or whatever. . ." 



- Testimony before HUAC/HISC. Aonl21, 1970, by 

GENERAL ELECTRIC & HUGHES AIRCRAFT executives, 
on behalf of Electronic Industries Association, 
In tavor ot retaining the Concentration Camp Law 



.V^i-. • ■: • •■;^'.; .-'■••• ■-- ^•. -•••:•.■-/■'- 



. ^.'. 



"Then they came \zy me, 
and by that time 

M r> ^ »^ --"v » • » -■ '^ 1 -^ * '^ 
ilO W<>vJ >.^0 iwil 

to speak Lip." 

— Pastor Martin Niemoeller, describing rise of NAZI Germany 



153 



'We are, .. jed, In a crisis. We have fiad many crises in prior years, 
but none wittiin the memory of living Americans which compares 
v/ith this one." 

.. -' FORMER CHIEF JUSTICE'eARL WARREN 

May 15, 1970 



"The search of the youth today Is for ways and means to make the 
machine — and the vast bureaucracy of the corporation state 
and of government that runs that machine — the servant of man. 

"That is the revolution that is coming. 

"That revolution — now that the people hold the residual powers of 
government — need not be a repetition of 1776. It could be a 
revolution in the nature of an explosive political regeneration. It 
depends on how wise the Establishment is. If, with Its stockpile 
ol arms, it resolves to suppress the dissenters, America will face, 
I fear, an awful ordeal." 

JUSTICE WILLIAM 0. DOUGLAS 

Concluding statement of his book, POINTS OF REBELLION, 
cited by Congressional opponents seeking hia Impeachment. 



154 



T. 



he extension of the war to Cambodia, the deaths o; .^ents and 
others protesting at Jackson, Kent, Augusta, Chicago and Los 
Angeles, the benign retreat from the decisions of the Supreme 
Court for racial justice, the failure to cope v/ith inflation & mount- 
ing unemployment, — have created a division in our society 
unequalled in the past hundred years. 

The repressive "law and order" response by the Nixon-Agnew- 
Mitchell Administration and an apparent majority of the Congress 
has been described by eminent historians as portending the 
dissolution of the Republic' We might be the first people to go 
fascist by the democratic vote.** 

As a positive reaction to these events, an increasing number of 
people — especially the youth — are rediscovering electoral 
politics. 

VVg liavo been steadfast In our belief that an informed people '  
pressing their Congress could ultimately provide the redress of 
their grievances. 

This literature is designed to provide you with the specific infor- 
mation v/hich you need to act — in time to check the repressive 
scfiemes of the Executive and Legislative branches of our 
Government. 

•HENRY STEELE COMMAQER ♦•WILLIAM L. SMISER 



On the following pages we report these key Congressional Votes for 
Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace: 

A Congrossmon voting ogalnr.t HloC? uvtun-i F.icillllos S Industrial Security Act 1/29/70 (H.R. K8M) 

Congrossmon Introducing Rosolution 'o roponi Conccntrnt'on Conp Lew to HISC; Judlclsry*: both** 

C ro-iG'-»':;-»-on v.-i'.-y aciit -• '^ '". Crif"- ' pv — Conlcrcnco Rcporl. 7/15/70 (H.R. 16198) 

D Congrossmon voting to rccomn.il h.^. "jllon to csliblisti HISC. 2/18/63 (H. Ro9. 69) 

E Congrossmon Introfluclng Resolution to nbollsh HUAC, HI3C', or both** 

F Congrossnicn voting ngnhist oppropriatlons tor HISC In 10C0. 19/0'. or both** 

Congrossmon voting ngnliist Anti-Riot Li\w, 7/19/G7 (POIIi Congress) 

K Congrossmon voting (or tlio Ccnpor-Church Amondmcpt to end Iho wor In Vis'tnem — 7/9/70 

1 Congrosa voting t>yTinB! Admlnlslroilon (Ford) amondniont to wcnkon Voting Righto Act o! 1B70, 1P./11/6 
All voto» reported Include "paired" volen. Italic — dorotoa Popublicnn 



155 



The Co entratlon Camp Law 



CRITICAL PROVISIONS --The Cull ol Tonkin Resolution" for American civil liberties! 

"The President is authorized," without further approval by Congress, to determine 
an "event of . . . insurrection ..." (not defined), and declare the existence of 
"an Internal Security Emergency." 

Then, "acting through the Attorney General" and the FBI, "is authorized to 
apprehend and . . . detain . . . each person as to whom there Is reasonable ground 
to BELIEVE . . . PROBABLY WILL engage in, or PPOBABLY WILL conspire • 

v.ilh others to engage in" certain future illegal acts. "Persons apprehended ... 
shall be confined in . . . places of detention." Public Law 831 — 8lst Congress (1950) 

Campaign to Repeal Concentration Camp Law: 

Led by members of the Japanese American Citizens League, a national repeal .■ . '■ 
campaign has resulted in the following: 

SE^JATE: 26 bills introduced: repeal voted unanimously 12/22/69. 
HOUSE: 133 repeal bills referred to HISC: 23 to Judiciary. •  '. 

August 20. 1970: HISC Chairman Ichord praises Law: "t am somewhat less than ,•; -^ 
anxious to grant some of its . . . critics — such as the Communist Parly — the 
satisfaction o' having stripped our country of any . . . means of protecting itself." ' 

September 10, 1970: Justice Department suggests repeal to "allay public tears." 
Sc. : ■■b-r te. 1370: HISC's Ichord and Ashbrook introduce H.R. 19163, aimed 
at circumventing the national campaign for repeal. 

Provisions: (a) Perpetuates the law; (b) adds a racist amendment purporting to 
exclude its application "on account of race, color, or ancestry"; (c) offers 
meaningless cue pioccss for persons already in concentralion camps; (d) updates 
old Cold War terminology to include persons charged with no unlawful act, 
but v.ho are allegedly connected with a "movement" which has a "purpose" to 
achieve changes in the government asscrtcdly by "force and violence"; 
(e) has Congress share responsibility with President in judging when an 
"insu.'rection" exists. 

Worr:.".^: House debate and vote expected after Congress reconvenes following 
election recess - 11/16/70. JACL urges defeat of Ichord-Ashbrook bill and 
substitution of Senate repeal bill: S. 1872 — Senator Inouye el al. 

CongrGssiona! Vctes for Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace 

SrATt CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT ABCDEFQH I 

/ll^-K,A r^<^f Hof/iiid ,\ Fi-.ilock — Al Large X 

A;> . oNA '■■ .' K'O'f 51 K U ;.iM — 2"'J X XXX 

AT.^'a.N'SAS ' ' - "''' ' ■•■'<3n,!rf — lit X 

CALiFOKMV HfP Gl-.' "> M A-Ccrson — 17lh X" A X" X X 

/■:,•;) All- -irn li.ii — ?Ptri X 

F'n Crtir.;. L U-own. Jr. — 29th x X" X X X" X X X X 

l'...p P^i, I t liu'i- •! — 51h XX XXX X** XXX 

R^.p Jc'i.fy Cot'ian — 7lh XX XX X"XXX 

!<!.:> Jat. :, C ti.rmjn — 22nd X X X X X" X . X 

f-n;. Ojr. • J^.ir.ii — Cr.h XX XXX X** XXX 

Per C''.!'-s S Cii/fjstv — lOlD X X 

Pt-;) n.cii..i(J T I' . wii — 3-llh X X XXX 

Ren A.,';;. -.11,5 F H.iwK.na — 21st x X"* X X X" X** X X. X 

']-.;> C^L! ilol.li.k! — 19:h XXX XXX X 

rxno H.TCM T J, iir.'^on — 2nd XXX XX 

n-:. (l.>i . <t L l>'|.j'>M — <ih X X-* X X X' X X X 

Pir foul N f/i.:.ij.l:jy. Jr. — lllh XXX XX 

R' u JofM J Mt!.ili — Ifiih XXX X 

R. (. i'.rot :■: f M.ll.T — lllh XXX X 

R. ;. Jof'M r Wo:.'. —3rd X" X*' X X XXX 

H. r T(i;,M. -1 M. (I.i.'s --2C!h X X"X X X X X X X 

R-.;.- ri!/.. 'i n ItT/l.^.l — 3ath X X"* X X X X'* X X X 

Roy 13 F Si'.k -• U.ih X X 

Pnr Chnrir.:, )J U,i,s;uo — 13:h X 



156 



Defense Fac i lities & indu strial S ^ . .rityAct 

CRITICAL PROVISIONS - From the people who brought you HUAC! 

Everyone could be Investigated: "The President may . . . authorlzp Investigations 
concerning any person or organization ..." 

Scope of investigations is limitless; Including "present or past membership in, or 
affiliation or association with, any organization, and such other. . . behavior 
. . . facts, and conditions . . ." 

Everything Is a "Defense Facility": Including "any plant, factory, Industry, public 
utility, mine, laboratory, educational Institution (part of military project), research 
organization, railroad, airport, pier . . . canal, dam, bridge, highway," etc. 

"Compulsory" testimony or jail for refusal to Inform on neighbors 

'"Act of subversion" could encompass advocating peaceful, non-vlolent change 
of government by means of the ballot 

Cross-examination of accusers may be denied for "security" 

Renews probe of reading habits — beliefs of prospective seamen ', 

Reply to political queries or lose job; affects right to strike 

HOUSE DCDATE: "Rep. Frascr (Minn.). I olfcr an amendment . . . 'that nothing In this bill 
Shall authorize an adverso finding . . . to . . . First Amendment rights . . .' The amendment 
was rejected." 

ACLU: "Privacy will come to an end ... for all .. . citizens, who may bo investigated 
regarding anyttiing or everything In their lives . . . 1984 will come, blessed by Con- 
gressional authorization." , ' 

Sr/irUS.- HOUSE: approved 289 to 81. SENATE: Ponding In Judiciary. 
Law professors — eminent scientists have Initiated opposition petitions. 



STATE CONGRESSMAN 4 IJISTRIC" 

CALIFORNIA Rop. John V. Tunncy — 38lh 

(con't.) Rep Lionol V.nn Dccflin — 37lh 

Rep, Jorom't R, Wi'ri'O — l-llh 
Heu ChDilos M. Wil'-oii — 3iri 
COLORADO Pep Wayne N, A:i'ir-:" -4th 

Rop, Fr.mh E CvO"^ — 3rd 
Rnp Byron G. r^oriprs — 1sl 
CONNECTICUT Rop Cmiho O D.ijflario — Isl , 

Rc'P Holjcrt N Giaimo — 3rd 
Ron John S Mon.iTiin — 5lh 
Hop Lowell P Wcii:kcr, Jr. — 4lh 
DliLAWARE Pop Wiilimn v. HoUt, Jr. — At Large 

FLORIDA Rop. Ch.-irits E fjirnnoll — 3rd 

Rep, O.iniu li Fnscoll — l?lh 
Rnp P.im (lirbonr. — 6lh 
flijl) Ci.ui'J.- c.iin'i.'r — 1 llh 
HAWAII Hi.p F.p.uk M M,ilsi/n,i()n — At Lofg» 

Mcii I'lil ,y T Miiik — At 1 nrjjo 
IDAHO Hnf) Omm/ n.iii-.rii -. V<yi> 

ILLINOIS Ihifi John 0. Aiutiii;'.<n  - lOlli 

Hm) I MuK AnnuiU'O — 'Ih 
lli:() Williimi L, (;.u.ooil - - Isl 
' Kill). C.d^jiil J. 0<iiv/m:hi — 4ih 

Kni' I'liiil I iiiilivy - • ^(Jih 





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157 



KouG3 s-.ommitteeon Internal Security 

CRITICAL ACTIVITES- the old HUAC Is back: 

To:' Sl.400,000 (1969-70); Stnff: 48; Dills: FIVE out of 15,434 

Blacklisting: provided Congress with 3,376 libol Irec "reports" on persons and 
organizations in 19G9. based on uncross-cxamined raw data. 40 Federal agonciea 
have unrestricted (ilo access. 

HEW "cautioned": against ending ban of blacklisted scionllsts 

Academic freedom: 1 79 campuses queried on "radical speakers" 

Peace: nnmod 900 persons & groups in "study" on "Subversive Involvement In the 
New Mobilization to End War In Vietnam" 

Black Panther Party & SDS: 30 "hearings" held to receive, then publish allegations 
from police informers & "friendly witnesses" 

Mjilod wilcli-luint: Icttcis sent "inviting" recipient "to affirm or deny," without 
cioss-examinalion, anonymous political attacks 

LEGAL CKALLEtJGCS: MISC's predecessor (IIUAC) ordered to stnnd trial (Slamlor. Hall; 
& Colicii cnsiia). 

O/?-!//') Mouse voles 337 lo 14 to cite Arnold Johnson tor conloinpt of Congress. Johnson Is 
MISC's liibl ' unttjcndly" wiliioss sinco IIUAC wns laid lo rest 2/10/C9. Uridcr oclvico of 
counsel, he rclwr.cd to ba svvorn before HISC when subpoenaed In his cnpiiclly as Director of 
Public Pulations 6 National Comrnilloo member o( the Communist Party, ond, one of tho 
100-pcrson Steering Commillcc of Iho New Mobilizalion Commiltoc to End the War In Vietnam. 

Natlonaf peace leaders plan poliiicul ond legiil actions to slop HISC from further attacks on 
peace moveniont, and to slop Attorney General Mitchell from proceeding with contempt 
prosecution of Johnson. 

STATUZ: 133 Congressmen voted to recommit Resolution swapping HUAC for HISC, 14 
have introduced Resolutions to abolish HISC, and 52 voted to cut oft its 1970 (u Is. 
By precedent — next chanco to abolish HISC: January. 1971 — 92nd Congress opening. 

Congressional Votes for Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace 

STATE CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT ADCOEFOH I 

ILLINOIS BcD Kennoin J Gray — 2lsl X X 

(con'l.) I'm Jo'in C KiLiczynsKi — 5th XX X 

Pop Pubo'l KfcCtory — 1211) X 

prp Atncf J f.'.tva — ?nfl X X"* X X X X" XX 

Rep Wiiii.im T. Mufpfiy — 3td XX X 

Hep Moi*i'. Pncc — 24lh XX 5 5 

Hoo Hofi;iriC PucinsKi — Ittti . X X XX 

Ron To/it /i.M's.').'cit — torn « C 

fiPi) [),n Ho,t.'ihoi\<.Ki — Bih X XX 

fl'ip rmiac i Li.p'i'y — 23rd X « 

lus SuuZn Y,.t...3 - 9m XX XXX X" XXX 

INDIANA Mcp J.,hr. liM'IrM'.n — 3tU X . X XX 

Hop 0.1' a IV i'('iii'j — lOlh X V V 

n-i,j Lop M H.irniiiun — 9tfi X X 

Rf.T Aiulfw .l.irol'S. Jr. — lllh XX 5 5 

Hip t'.'i J l.t.il.U" — l3l X ** „ w « V w 

IOWA ll"P Jijriri C Cijlvor — Ind XX'XXXX ^C5 

noO Fivd :^:'isunjpi — Ijt X 5 5 

fl.ip HiMl rirri.ili — Sill _ X X X fl 

KENTUCKY 'l"ri Tun l no l..iiiiit -Uly X ' 

litH) w<(/i.i»ii iJ, f,'i*i/(;r -  3ril J 

l'..p t:,-ii> f„.M<,j.- ;iii v.« If X 

fciAINI^ Mi'n VViMi.iin tli.ili»».iiy — Jna XX A 2 C 

II. .. f...... II 1. .... I,.! H X A 



158 



A Constitutional Analysis of HISC's iVla. ^ute 

Excerpts from review by: 

THOMAS I. EMERSON - Professor of Law, Yale University 

Tho npw man Jste r.iakos no substantitive changes in the Jurisdiction or powers of 
the former Committee on Un-American Activities. 

Tho new formulation of tho Committee's lurisdiction is subject to the same con- 
stitutional objections as previously. It empowers the Committee to investigate 
areas where Congress Is forbidden by the First Amendment to legislate. 

Tho Committee's area of inquiry Is not limited to the use of force or violence or 
other unlawful methods. It covers all forms o( political activity, legal as well 
OS illegal. Indeed, it Is not limiled to action at all. It Includes nli forms of speech, 
assembly, or other expression. 

The mandate expressly provides that nil the records of the Committee on Un- 
American Activities arc transferred to the Committee on Internal Security. Thus 
the bureaucracy devoted to compiling dossiers on the opinions and association of 
millions of Americans will persist and continue to expand. 

The Committee on the Judiciary can perform all functions necessary to assure Iho 
Internal security of tho United States. 



mSC C^inirmin Ichord A^roo': 

ON HUAC: "AilmHtally. thii ir.aritfalg Is very vagi/o and . . . Ihts vjpjpnojj ^»3 given 
same credence to Iho c'm'jc ihol the Commllico . . .has tho power to Invcsligaia unor- 
thodox political viows and op''i'ons . . . I do not bellcvo it possible to accurately define 
the jurisdiction ot tho Commllico on Un-Amcrlcsn Activities ..." 

ON mSC: The purpose cl the nrw IIISC m.^ndr)le Is "lo preserve Iho lull lurlsdiclion 
and povrora Iho Conw)IUoo he^ possessed durinrj Its 29 years ol eihtcnco . . . The Reso- 
lution docs not chango the lurlsdlcUcn ot Iho Commitloo on Un-Amcrlcon Aclivll:c3 one 
lata." —Congressional Record: 1/18/67; 2/18/59; pfojs release 



STATE 
MARYLAND 



MASSACHUSETTS 



MICHIOAN 



CONGnESSMAN & DISTRICT 

Pep. J. Glonn Boe'l. Jr. — 6lh 
Rap- Oooroo H. Fcillon — 4l^l 
Rep Siimu'l N Friodol — 7th 
Rpp Cdv/;ird A Girniol? — 3rd 
Hep CiWorl Glide — Ulh 
Rep Cl.if'HiC D Lf^ng — 2nd 
Rtp Cdw.nd r Dol.ind — 2nd 
Ri'P J.imo-. A, OirKl — lllh 
Hup. Silvio O Co tlo — I5l 
Rop ll.-iroM n Diinchuo — 4lh 
Ml'P M:ch..'-I H.irnryton — Glh 
/J.'/) \(.K.j i/i'f M, livelier — 10!h 
Ih'p ll,i:.ln.^^ Krith — t;ih 
Fi"P Torl/iMi H. K'.Trdon.Tid — 7lh 
/(.■;) F til. rllrird l.l:ir'.e — 5!h 
ll.'i) Tti..-i. I-. !• O ru.il. Jt. — BIh 
(li-p riulii, .> I'hiltiin — 3rd 
• Mop. John Cnnyi'f:., Jr. — 1st 
fli'p Cli.irlrr. C ni'iijs. Jr — 13lh 
Jl.Tp Jului I) niiLirll -- U.ih 

Hull M.iiviii I t ■.. ri ;'n.i 

llH() V/illiiMii I) (ofl . IMh 
Hill) M.iMli.i W O'lM.iln -- 17lh 
lliil' .IntfllK Hlivu.1 IM>r 



















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159 



Sub vers e Activities Control Board (SACB) 

SUBVERSIVE FEATHERBED: SACB — 5-man "quasi-court" created by HUAC's 
internal Security Act of 1950 [Mundt-/V;xon,- McCarran], to decide If any organi- 
zation is "Communist-action; front; or infiltrated," and, if any person Is a member 
of an "action" group. 

Salary: S3G.000 per year each. Includes: head of Veterans for Johnson In '64; 
husband of former Johnson secretary; Illinois lawyer-friend of late Senator 
Dirksen; & Nixon named ex-Stale Department hand fired for disclosing confidential 
files. 

EXERCISE IN FUTILITY & POLITICAL IMMORALITY: 

1 950: Passed over Truman's veto, aftermath of Korean War. / 

1950-65: Spent $5 million; tally: ZERO; held unconstitutional. 

19G5-67; Did absolutely nothing. 

1968: Vivified by HUAC, by circumventing Supreme Court. 

1968-69: Assigned 22 new "action"-member cases. Utah case informer names 

NAACP; Kenncdy-Fulbright Committee. 
4/20/70: Again held unlawful — "contrary to 1st Amendment"' 
7/14/70: Attorney General Mitchell assigns 2 new 'front" cases. 



Sendori Agdnti 1970-71 Fundi 



E»yh 


M.Arris 


KfOM 


tioc^'i 


Hart 


Mdskle 


Drcx'ko 


lIiitncM 


Ncl.son 


Ca-ie 


liui hcs 


TnLkwood 


Church 


JttVllS 


rcW 


Cr..ti'.t>jn 


Jordan. IdkhO 


ProKinIre 


Djir.inlck 


M:\thla.i 


RlblcoCr 


F.ft -htoa 


McClce 


Williams. Del. 


}-ulljrli'.lit 


MtGovem 




ai.>udoU 


Moudala 





STATUS: Congressman John Conyera 

(Mich ) drafting bill to repeal all aspects of 
HUAC's Inlornal Socurity Act, Including 
SAC8I 28 Senators vote to cut off tunds 
(or 1970-71— even supporters concodo 
possibility of abolition (8/24/70). 



Congrossiona! Votes for Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace 



STATE 

MICHIGAN 
icon 1 ) 



M.NNE0.OTA 



MISSOURI 



MONTANA 

NEW H,»*.1f-3rtlRE 



CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT 



Rep 


L\j<va'd Hutchinson — 4lh 
















X 


P'jP 


j,ch n K'cDcnald — 19lh 
















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J inc. G O M.ii J — Ulh 




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L. nu'd VV rt'cgle. Jr. — 7lh 






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jonn A GI-im.K — eih 


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Dor-.-ill M f r.ioor — 5lh 


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J-'i'i;^" E K.iilh — 4lh 








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V.,li, -m Hi.ll) Cl.iy — '5l 


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Hop 


v. ilhirt) L Hun-j.ilo — 9lh 




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v. .iiian J n.i'fl.iil — '.tri 














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160 



District of Columbia Crime Law 



CRITICAL PROVISIONS: 

Preventive detention: no bail — 60 days In jail for non-capital crime arrest; violates 
presumption of innocence rule. 

Wiretapping: expands police eavesdropping from national security & organized 
crime to vast new range of suspected offenses. 

No-l<nocl<: undermines 4ih Amendment; court aproved exceptions made rule, 
based on policeman's "hunch" recommendation. 

16 year olds handled as adults: if suspected of serious crimes. 

Judicial discretion denied: in punishing 2nd serious offense. 



STATUS: House approved 3iZ to 75, 
7/15/70. Senate approved 57 to 35, 
7/23/70. Nixon signed into law, 7/29/70. 

WARNING: "Wo wont to make Washington, 
DC. an example of respect for law . . , this 
lefiisl.iiion will help." - PRESIDENT NIXON 
"A modi-'l proQr.Tm (or other cities . . ." — 
ATTY. GEN. MITCHELL 








Senators Voting Agalnjl Law 



"YOU TAP 'EM AND I'LL ZAP 'EM." 



Aiidcrsou 


Fulbrli:tit 


McC■^r^l^y 


Unyh 


Ooo'Jrll 


McCiovrru 


Drooke 


Omvcl 


^!cto^!.■ 


Cnio 


Harris 


Mcu'l.vlc 


Chiirch 


lt;\rt 


y.w ■'.;<! 


Cook 


H\!i'hc» 


Nil 'in 


Co'ircr 


JnTftioa 


ri\i-Wv.'yjd 


Cr^iinton 


Jn'.ltn 


Rii/.coir 


Eni-!cton 


Jorilftn. N.O. 


et' iiniB 


Ervli» 


KciiKcdy 


%VHH.>rr.5. HJ. 


Fond 


Mathlns 


Yartxj rough 


PRESENT 


AN*D arviNo 


LTvi: PAm3, a; 


PREVIOUSLY R£OORDEO 


lEOuye 






Young of Ohio 





STATE 

NEW JERSEY 
(con't.) 



NEW YORK 



CONGRESSMAN p Dli'.IKi:"' 

Rop. Hij-'y Holsloikl — Mh 
Rod. J'i'"cn J How.Tfd — 3fd 
Pop. Jo-iPD"! G Minish — 1l|h 
Kop. 'in.. ...J ^. >^.-'.',,.. - isih 
r<f>p P'Ii.tVV -1 ..lino Jr, — lOlh 
Rnp. Rolort A fi09 — 8lh 
Hop. C'i.K/(is W, Sanctman, Jr. — 2nd 
Rnp. Fr.uA ^hofnrl^on, Jr. — ^th 
/■(op. nilhnm W'tlmli — 7ih 
Rnp Jo.', -ph P. AdiJaljho — 7lh 
rtop. M.itu) Lli.iqgi — ;..1|M 
nop. Juti.ilh.i'i L). Dinvi.'in — 23rd 
Rnp TMnK J Hr.ioco ■- I 'Ih 
«ijO. Dvnioi C Oulltiii — ?Dih 
Ri n Hii'jh L. C.i'oy -- tl>ih 
R'.p EfM.iinjiil ColliT -- lOm 
f(i p .'■.hiHny (..'ir.liulin — l^th 
fhl) n.iitiiir (I Con il.ln. Ji. — 37lh 
fliip Tli.i'lil.iiin J dill hi ... 41sl 
nf() t ■••^ii.ii'I r .nt'Mriii — I'lih 
Hdp H.iivilUiii I r.ti, Jr. — 'Ji^\h 
Rui), J.irnb M fiilhiKl — ;'?fid 
flop. ,S')iiii)i;r llnli'iiri} — Oiti 
Ml'P. J.yiuir. M ll.iiili;y — 3;rh 



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161 



The Ant liot Law 



CRITICAL PROVISIONS: 

"Whoever travels in interstate ... commerce or uses ... the mall, telegraph, tele-' 
phone, radio or'televlsion. with INTENT to . . . etlcourege . . . any person in . . . 
pariicipnling in ... a riot . . . shall be fined not more than $10,000, or Imprisoned not 
mofcthan 5 years, or both." Dclinition; "Ttio term 'riot' moans . . .an act . , .ot 
violence by one or more parsons part of an assomblago ot three . . . which . . . shall 
result in . . . injury Ic the property of any other person ..." 

PROSECUTIONS: 

4/11/68: Signed into law. No indictments by Ally. Gen. Clark .. • 

3/20/69: 8 Chicago Domocralic Convention protesters Indicted ■,,. 

5/9/5P: ACLU joins constitutional challenge of Act 
"3/70: "Knoxville 21" indicted under similar Tennessee law 
4/3/70: 12 additional Chicago indictments for 10/8-11/69 acts 
4/16/70 8 indiciori in Scattlr; "ar.li-riot" verdict protests 
5/31/70: 2 bludonl ROTC protesters indicted in St. Louis 



Stnalort Aflfiinit Acl •«<» i. iMt 

Bro /.:e 

C :>.:.•? 

H.rris 

H-..1 

H.itr.fld 

Ja".'.s 

Kcr.r:d7. Maaa. 

r.:c*.-..ir 

.Ntor.diJe 

Sc-'tt 

"Vcuug, O 



'HISTOnV: Sor>otor Strom Thurmond (S.C.) 
oddod "nntl-rlot" ridor to Civil Rights Act 
of 19G(1, nitor cloture votod to end Scnnto 
filitjuElor (igainst folr housing provisions. 
Tlicro wcro no hnorlncjs. Houso, which hnd 
passed similar bill In 19G7, accodcd. 

STATUS: Congressman John Conyors 
(Michigan) Initiated effort to repeal Art'- 
Riot Act. Introducing H.R. 11567 on 
5/21/69. 



Congressional Votes for Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace 



STATE 

KEW YORK 
(cof> I ) 



CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT 

Pep FtanH Norton — 3Glh 

Pep Et!*a'fl I Koch — 17lh 

Rep Afi.irtl K Lowcnsloio — 5lh 

Pop n.rM.ird D McCadhy — 39th 

Pop M.Mltn n KIcKnpslly — 27lh 

P'.-p Jnlm M Mijfjjl'y — 16lh 

Hv;, TK.^'iinil Qllin'j/.r — ?5lh 

P..(i Oi'l O I'iK.. — U,l 

Pvi> A'l'j.i'.C'," I'ltnio — 3?nd 

Bep f.i.'ilrim L Pr,(t<jll — 13lh 

Pop Art -ni C Ppwijil — lOlh 

P r C'j'i'-'i 'I ii'"i — ZOiii 

p,-i> A(i*.ifiyiV /lii(w.on — 33rd 

P"[i JriNn J Po'iiii'/ — 14th 

ppp [ii.'>i:iinrn :'■ (liit.iinlliiil — 8lh 

ll<|/ V.Vil.iMi ( I'/.m -- ?Olh 

III |. liir.,.-. II ",• l.iMMK • ;'1nl 

/i..|i /(i.,.r/ l< ••■itilh III -. •\'iii\ 

H.l' '...I'liiii I .'. .•.ii.,i|"n - • :i'jlh 

(l.f. I .Ml 1 I \'l. Ill liil 

/,.-,. r ■•<-. v\' i\ ''•'• <1iit 





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162 



OrganEzed Crime Control Law 



CRITICAL PROVISIONS -NOT LIMITED TO ORGANIZED CRIME: 

25 year sentences: for vague category of "Special Dangerous Oflenders," v/Wh 
"no limitntion" on "information" to be used by court in imposing sentence, includ- 
ing: coerced confessions, hc.nrsay, illegally obtained evidence, & withheld infor- 
mation. Could apply to civil rights & peace activists. 

Perjury charges: eliminates 2-wltncss & proof of falsity rules. 

Protection from illegal search & seizure abridged: limits present defendant rights 
to scrutinize illegal wiretrap evidence. 5-ycar old illegal evidence — would become 
admissible in court. 

Undermines 5th Amendment: indeterminate to 18 mos. jail sentences — without jury 
trial — for failure to accept "immunity" against "use" of. rather than prosecution 
for, compelled testimony & documents. Applies to political inquisitions by Con- 
gress, civil nctions between private parties, etc. 

Grand juries: "misconduct" attacks allowed without indictments. 






STATUS: Authored by Senator WcCloll.^n 
(Ark.), Approved by Scnnio 1/23/70: 73 lo 1 

10/7/70: Ovf^rwhclrnjnaly approved by 
House — 341 to 2G — with amcndrrcnts 
urged by Nixon to plncc added FBI a'jents 
on campus purportedly rcgard'ng bomb- 
ing, — even if opposed by academe and 
other local authoniics. 
"Di'fcrcnces between the Scnale & House 
versions ... to be resolved in Conference 
...before Congress recesses" for Novem- 
ber elections NEW YORK TIMES 

••WHAT MANNER OF HERETIC 
HAS BEEN BROUGHT BEFORE 
US TODAY?" 



STATE 
OHIO 



OKLAHOMA 



ontnoN 



PrNunvLVANIA 



CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT 

Rep. Thomns L A-ihley — 9lh 

flrp. Micn.iol A. r>>igh,in — 201h 

Bcp VV,iyr\f) L. ^'r-y. — 1Slh 

Rep Mir.U.--.,;] J. Kprw.nn — tOth 

Hop D'.'lliO't L L'ltt.y — Cth 

Pop iViHi.tm M_ McCulloch — 4th 

Pep Cl.trnnrn C K'-llnr — 10th 

nvp Ciuirh'^ A .^(c■:^.>(■ — nih 

Itep J nilh.^m StnnUin — lllh 

Rep. Lou'i .'',l()^'.•s — ?l3l 

fl'ip Hob'iil TnU. Ji — lit 

Rrp C'l.i'l'-. A \lnr\:i> — 7?n() 

fti'P Chntln: w w/i.-i/f'i. Jf — 3rd 

Pep. C irl All •^rl — 3rd 

fl'-p r<l r'l>i..iii)-iOn — ?n<l 

(l.i|i TniM M •.•.! . <llh 

/I../1 ./■./■IP llill<i,ili,ii k A\U 

(I' II A! I|P|... ..! ;m.i 

iirr vv"'i'/' ;/ v.y.iii i%i 

II. |. ViK. ..., A II ii'i'l' 111 

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163 

Inqins" rial Committees of U.S.Senate 



Senate Internal Security Subcommiltco (SISS)  

Chairman, Senator James O. Eastland (Mississippi) 

Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee (SPIS) 
Chairman, Senator John L. McCtellan (Arkansas) 

TOLL: 91st Congress - SISS: $1,070,000; SPIS: $1,386,500. 

SOUNDING-BOARDS FOR SLANDER: Both SISS & SPIS held scores of "hearings" 
and publicized tomes of "reports"— all at the taxpayers unhappy expense — under • 
a formula aptly characterized by the Washington Post: 

"Offer congressional immunity from suits for libel or slander to any malcontent 
or crackpot who may want a free forum for expressing his crochets or paying off 
old grudges ... to punish people by publicity, without any semblance of duo 
process and without affording them any chance to defend themselves." 

PPEY (1969-70): included such likely targets lor opprobrium as: 

SISS: Stokely Carmichael; lona College, New Rocholle, N.Y.; Intcrreligious 
Foundation for Community Organizations; the Gl coffee house supporting United 
Serviceman's Fund; the Cuban cane cutting Vencerernos Brigades; Viet Mora- 
torium; Liberation News Service; Institute for Policy Studies; Brotherhood 
Cru;..ido; etc. 

SPIS: SCEF's Kentucky coal minor org;inizcis. Margaret & Alan McSuroly; Harvard 
Presldont Nathan Pusoy; Black Panther Party; SDS; Black Politics magazine; 
Stanford President Kenneth Pitzer; Republic of New Africa; etc. 

J-.l T!.'0-.'.5 for Contempt: although several institutions yielded to Committee 
subpoenas for names & documents, — legal challenges of such fishing expeditions - 
were the rule, and some have been sustained. Most ttwoatoning is McClellan's , 

vendetta againr,t (tie McSurclys. Their refusal to turn over records lllcgaliy seized, ; 
then returned by Pike County, Ky. authotitios, could lead to prison terms; their 
conviction is on appeal. 

^T^TUS: Unlike HUAC and now HISC. no concerted political campaign has been made 
to control or abolish SISS or SPIS. 



CongiCGsional Votes for Civil Liberties, Rights, and Peace 

STATE CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT ABCOEFOH 

PENNSYLVANIA Rod John H Dent — 2l8t v ^ v 5 

(con t 1 R"0 j.~.sMm« Eiiuo'g — 4th a a a 

Hco. Oif.ici J. Fiooa — 1 im 
" Wi'P J^nw. G FuH^n — 27in • 

P-.>p jDiui'fi M G.iydos — 20lh v v v 

Rep VnlL.TTi J G'<"'"n — 5th A A A 

fJuP oini'Ph t.i M..i>.ilo — lOlh 

RtO VV.;li3m S Mooi'ujd — 14th v y 

Pop Ir.omas t Moig.-in — 20\t\ X ^ ^ X 

Rop R^ULiI tj C Nn — 2nd A A 

Rep FfjJ Roofcy — litri A 

nop. Jo'in P. ior'or — 22r.(J 

f<cp hu^iTun T oc'iiootio/i — 17lh 

Rop josoph P. V.gorito — 24th * . 

fir p C,.!. V.-.ifon — Cih A 

RHODE iSl-ANO n^p ( .•.f.anj J SI Gcniain — 1tt A A 

Pop nctiC'l O TioifMn — 2nd A .A 

SOUTH DAKOTA R^P E.y Di)r'y — 2r.d ^ 

TEN'. ESSIE Rep V.'.iiiam R Andcson — 6th A 

Pep li.chard Fulton — 5lh 
TEX.\S P'JP J..c^ OlOOhi — 9iii •A A 

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llco t.oU LctMniJt — Oin X X _ X A 

Rip Honry D, Gonjslez — 20lh X X A A 



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X 


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164 



Other Repressive Legislative Proposnl: 



..il llsling) 



Obstfuction of Aimed foicon Art (11,(1. 9139): HUAC's old "Joe Pool Dill": 

(a) Provides penalties up to $10,000 and 5 years Imprisonment, for; "Whoever . . . 
willfully . . . nltempts to give . . . any monty ... or thing ... for delivery to . . . any . . . 
group engaged in armed conflict wnh . . . the United States." Could apply to 
humanitarian medical aid groups. 

(b) Provides penalties up to $10 OOu and 5 years imprisonment, for: "Whoever . . . 
willfully . . . attempts to . . . impede ... the free movement ... of any member of the 
Armed Forces . . . or . . . passage of any facility of transportation being used ... for 
. . . supplies ... of such Armed Forces." Could apply to protest pickets against 
shipments ot napalm, etc. 

(c) Provides penalties up to $3,000 and 2 years imprisonment, for: "V.'hocver . . . 
maliciously breaks into any . . . room . . . used by . . . any recruitment . . . service 
... of military or civilian personnel for the Armed Forces . . . or . . . havings entered 
any such . . . room . . . mischievously remains and, after notice ... to leave . . . fails 
Immediately to depart." Would apply to campus ROTC, etc', protests. 

STATUS: Reported out of HISC 9/9/70, over strong dissent by Congressman 
Stokes, and statement of "no compelling need" by Justice Department. Awaits 
Rules Committee o.k. for House dcbnto & vote. 

First Amendment Freedoms Act (S. .n76): authorizes Attorney General or private 
parties to requoct Federal court injunctions against possible "disruptive noise" 
(heckling) nt public gatlnMings. Viol.ilors v/ould be punisficd for contempt of court. 
Imposed in some circumstances without jury trials. 

Internal Security Act (G. ^2 - by iyn'.lor Enr.ll.miJ aivl I / co-sponsors); "Designed 
to overrule or circumvent every liberal decision of the Supreme Court in the area 
of internal security over the last 15 years." — Professor Thomas I. Emerson. 

Bail Reform Act (S. 2920j: includes preventive detention In noncapital cases (or 
"dangerous persons." Similar to D.C. Crimo Law, but for all Federal jurisdictions. 
Denies normal rules of cviclonco. 

Drug Coiitiol Act (G. 32'1G; H.fl. U<Cj03): wo oppose "no-knock" section. 

STATUS: Approved by Senate 70 to 1 5. Approved by House Commerce Committee 
14 to 9 on 8/14/70. Pending before House. 



STATE 



CONGRESSMAN & DISTRICT 



TEXAS 


Rrp. 


At-ra 


h.Tm K32en. Jr. — 23cd 










(ConM.) 


Rnp 


Wti'j 


til P.ilm.in — Isl 












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X 








Rf-D. 


RiC!l 


.ifd V/hite — Iblh 












Ri'P 


Jim 


Wnoht — 1?ih 




X 








Rt'p 


John Yoiii'o — 14ih 




X 






VERMONT 


nvp 


noh: 


nt r i.lullnra — At Laroo 








X 


WASHINGTON 


fV'p 


lUlH 


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1 lluilcf M,TNi"n — 3rd 




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WEST VIRGINIA 


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Alvin E. OKonski — lOlh ' 












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165 

\^JhL,:i I'Qu can d 

to influence this Congress: 



B  a 



a As an individual — ask your Congressman & Senators 
to oppose each of the pending repressive bills, intro- 
duce legislation to repeal all repressive laws, and 
work to abolish the Inquisitorial conimitlees 

s Ask your organization — to take immediate steps to 
join v.'ilh other concerned groups In your community 
toforman ALLIA!^CE AGAINST REPRESS!ON-to 
unite the work against racism, war and repression 

c Contribute to our v/ork against repressive legislation 



NOTE: Congress reconvenes at noon on Monday, 

November 16, 1970, follov/ing election recess. 



60-030 O - 75 - 9 



166 

to secure a responsible Congress: 



□ As an individual — urge your candidates for Congress 
& the Senate to commit themselves — NOW — to 
oppose all pending repressive bills, to repeal all 
repressive Inv/s, and to v;ork to abolish the inquisi- 
torial committeGS — asa CONDITION for receiving 
your vote on Ncvcrr.*icr 3rd 

□ Ask your organization — to bring all candidates 
before them to demand their commitment to oppose 

racism, v/ar and repression, as a CONDITION 
for receiving further electoral support 



In the name of sanity, 

ake voyr moves-^JOV/! 



167 



This literature has beer: prepared as an eduzation-eotion service by: 



N/^IONALCGMMHEE ^3lNS 

tomtti/ National Commiltee lo Abolish HUAC/HISC |Koi.se Committin «3 Internal Secuntx} 



 IV_. .\L^J^_■ > U l_LV-^ V^L. 



f Of further intormation contact out nearest ofiice. 



Nslionzl Office: 
S55 N. VJei'.-rn A-.enue 
"Irj.'iVni; A-Jdre%^: P.O. Per TJ 757 
Los Angeles, California SCCI4 
Phone: (213) 4»2-1oi9 
Founieis 

Alexander Meiklejohn 
Clarence Pickell 
Aubrey W. V/illiams 
Koncrary C-ar.Tan 
J»me» Imbrie 
Chsiiman 
Harvey O'Connor 
Viee-C-^i---r 

Sylvia E. Crane, Organizition Uaitorj 
Prof. Vern Coun;rj:nan, he* Er.gisr.d Bs't sn 
Philip J. Hirschkop, Esq., £as{ Coast fieg-sa 
Rey. C. T. Vivian, A'/diresf fieg/oa 

Anna & Carl Brad»n 

John Lewis, SoL.":ern fiejion 

Rev. Edward L. Peet, West Coast Region 

Sccn'.iiv 

Prof. Wallers. Vincent 

Aivljcr 0- Cc-:' :.• r-2! Lew 

Prof. Thomas I. Emerscn 

KaUcna! C'.c^ Ccf -I'cr 

Ass/s(an( Treaiursr, Betty Rotlser 

Vi'es'.em F^cc-?- '_'••-? 

Norlhwest Ccmn^ilfee Acainst R^rressive Legislalicn 

Prof. Giovanni Ccs: =3", r:n. CcCr-.sirr-n 

Benjarnin H. Ki;ef. £ss.. nzn. C:-',r.sirrr.iJ> 

Charles 0. Porter, Esq., Ct-.airrrtin 



Lyia Mercer, Director 
7i47 21st Avenue EiSt 
SeaUle, Wa5rirc-;n SS1C2 
Phcne: (206) 32';-3258 

Korthsrn Cf' ''•- b i-- 3 

Northern California Co:nmit!ee Against Repmait* L«gi 

P.O. Eoi 9j354 

Son Francisco, CaMomia 9<103 

Phone: (415) 346-7;S3 

Rev.Witliam T. Eaird. Director 
210 Ca^ieron A«e. .Sa. 13 
Uounlain View Ca. :fcrRia 94040 
Phone: (415) Si4-1751 



WatV •^;^a. D.C. C^'ire 

Wti'"';'^ Corrps-coienf, Donna Alien 

35;: R;s5 rface N .•' 

Wij.'-ip,:-;-!. D.C. 2:ilOB 

P!:cr«:"(;r;)S56-77J.: 

Cc<3rr.ii'»-» Aqainst .=iEpressiv« Legisialion 

VrisKi.-j :a Area 

El.'ael II. 'ri»isser, ^^..'.^.30 

Kifc £■ ; j-3 ni :ir-:j— C:-.:rs 

^«isJ»c^--^!ts Co>mrr:=e Asainst Ripnssive Lesisla'iOB 

Ui.';5rj- Pr^enlha!. Z -refer 

12i Ir.-i- 5;r2et. N::. '.2 

C»--.!:[i;:5. i:ass3c.-;irsttt» 02139 

Pic;e: \.i:7) £iS-2i:'. 

Scv."ir-. .= »; c"c. Cr .:e 

W.te H-J-.5V. Director 

?. O. Ecii.-j5 

M««!?.--t,Tenness«« ::F104 

Cafci T>:.-ias. fieW -epresentaf/Vo 

Pircr.e: (r^t; 636-33i.l 

*'a .rpj ,;r3.-2ss: 

CO S;.-.-^rn CorK.»f-i:nce EdueallonjJ Furtd, Inc. 

3210 V.es: f'oaowav 

Lr.:ii...-, Sa.-.tjcxy i-;211 

I: z».ri: --- c--al C* .re 

CXCi;c- Ccmmliice K^ DtlenS llie Bill of Rights 

Rar. Vic::r Oaerhjuj- s^o-Cnairman 

R>«Kari C-'ey, Dire-^r.rT'T 

431 S. Cc3,-:crn Sirf-;: No. 643 

C.-Jca^O. I ..Tois 6C-;1:5 , 

Pliocij:(::2)£59-<35r5 

Sc;;'*=^ Cr- 'OrP'j ^^''33 

Sc.,i*'?m Ca.'ifomiana Asainst Reprt« ive Legislation 

S.!j~-.= C s?al. Jr.. _" .-e:(or 

*f»- r"? >f:=ress: P. C Sox 74757 

5S.5 K. 't*! es:ern Avecu'e 

Lis A-;€ ?^. Califcr-t, t S3004 

PboC!«; li-;j 4e2-13ii 



tt<t;«o 



Ei»-r:;' ir* C rector 
fit : r . --izer.tatum, 
FfaafcWtCuuon 



in Pvnuit 0/ f <r»r AmafxOr-ent Pnaaplt To AHotitH InquisiXr^l Canmitta^i i Zrppat FapmsJy* Lawt 



168 

Exhibit No. 4 

Hanbahan : Where Does He Really Stand on Tebroeism ? 

The failure of the State's Attorney's office to act in response to the illegal 
and dangerous activities of the Legion of Justice, a right wing group, while 
frequently victimizing people in the black. Latin and poor white communities, 
suggests a duplicity on the part of Hanrahan. Why is this so? What can be 
done? 

SATURDAY NOV. 14, 8 :00 

Hull House, 3212 N. Broadway, Chicago, Donation 50^ 
Ausp : Committee for Defense Against Terrorist Attacks 

SPEAKERS 

Val Klink, Attorney, Independent Voters of Illinois 
Norman Roth, Legion victim 

Rev. John Hill, Chmn., Alliance Against Repression 
Bruce Scheff, Comm. for Defense Against Terrorist Attacks 
Sylvia Kushner, Co-Chmn., Peace Council 



[From Social Questions Bulletin, October 1972] 

Exhibit No. 5 

SOCIAL QUESTIONS BULLETIN 
$3.00 per year 25<^ per copy 

Issued Monthly, October Through May, and one summer issue 

METHODIST FEDERATION FOR SOCIAL ACTION 

An unofficial fellowship founded in 1907 

President, Rev. John Paul Menzel, Jr. 

Vice Presidents, Rev. Frederick E. Ball, Rev. Martin Deppe, Rev. Claranee T. R. 

Nelson, Rev. Edward L. Peet 
Treasurer, Mr. Robert F. Beach 

Executive Secretary and Editor "Social Questions Bulletin" 
Rev. Lee H. Ball, 11 Forest Blvd., Ardsley, N.Y. 10502 
******* 
Rev. AVilliam Baird, Executive Director of the Northern California Commit- 
tee Against Repressive Legislation, and pastor of the Humanist Church in 
Oakland, told of his experience in getting 67 organizations in Chicago organized 
in the Chicago Alliance to End Repression ; it took 27 years to get it together. 
Our MFSA vice president Martin Deppe was involved in this project. Chicago 
is the only place in the U.S. where there is such an alliance. "I was headlined 
in the Chicago Tribune as the Red Minister of Chicago." Feeling that the threat 
of a police state in the U.S. was very great, the Alliance helped to get 50 anti- 
Daley delegates elected to the Democratic Convention. "A Roman Catholic priest 
is chairman of the Alliance, a nun is secretary. We won't do anything unless 
we work with the Gus Halls. There was a discussion between Karl Barth and 
six selected U.S. Communist leaders. Barth said, 'I am a Christian Marxist'. The 
Communists replied, 'You are our brother.' What is your concern? Angela Davis? 
The Blacks? Housing? I took six months off from my job to work on the Angela 
Davis case. I tried to get into the churches with the film about Angela, 'Portrait 
of a Revolutionary'. Most of you weren't with her," Baird said to the Federa- 
tion members. "As far as you would go was to say she should get a fair trial. 
But she, to you, had leprosy. She is a Communist." 



Exhibit No. 6 
[From Chicago Dally News, Jan. 19, 1962] 

Long Accused as Red 

EYED BY anti-commies AND U.S.; FORMED UNIT HEBE 

(By Dean Gysel) 

On Nov. 23, 1960, a newsletter was sent out stating that neighborhood branches 
of the Chicago Fair Play for Cuba Committee were being formed. 



169 

Anyone interested in joining was asked to contact Dick a.id Florence Criley 
of 709 S. Spaulding. 

Among those interested — not interested in joining but in observing — were 
the federal government and some private so-called "right-wing" anti-Commie 
societies. 

It was not merely the purpose of the "Fair Play" organization that attracted 
them ; it was the name — Dick Criley. 

Next to John Rossen, chairman and founder of the pro-Fidel Castro prop- 
aganda group, Richard Criley draws the most attention from federal investiga- 
tors and private Red-hunters. 

Rossen has admitted to students that he formerly was a Communist. 

Criley has been accused of being a Communist for 25 years. He won't admit 
or deny any Communist ties. 

Pipe-smoking, gray-haired and craggy-faced Criley leads the West Side division 
of the Chicago Fair Play Committee. His wife, Florence, helped him form the 
branch. 

Both joined with John Rossen in founding the Chicago chapter in June of 
1960. 

Last November, Criley disbanded the "branch" and reformed the members 
into a "committee." 

He explained the "branch" was merely becoming more autonomous than other 
neighborhood divisions. 

Crilev said he joined the Fair Play movement after vacationing in Cuba early 
in I960'. 

"I was impressed with what I saw . . . improvements in living conditions," 
Criley said. 

"Maybe you're a Communist if you see good in Cuba," he said. "But I get 
impatient with this sort of arrangement. It's a sad return of McCarthyism." 

Criley said press reports about Castro being a Communist contained "some 
slight contradiction." 

"He (Ca-stro) gave weight to Marx and Lenin," Criley said, "but I don't equate 
that with being a Communist Party member. He (Castro) just said he was in- 
fluenced by their (Marx and Lenin) writings." 

Others in the committee say Criley is not as active in the group as he once 
was. He is no longer on the executive council that governs the chapter. 

Nevertheless, the government and other observers watch him closely. 

Why? His past. 

Criley is secretary of the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights, 
at 189 W. Madison. 

The House Un-American Activities subcommittee has charged that Criley's 
organization seeks to abolish the subcommittee. 

Last Oct. 3, he pleaded the Fifth Amendment in Washington when asked if he 
was a Communist. 

The House was probing reputed Communist front organizations, among them 
Criley's Bill of Rights committee. 

On Oct. 9, I960, Criley was accused by the House subcommittee of being a 
Communist and an oflScial of the National Committee to Abolish the Un- 
American Activities Committee. 

On the morning of May 5, 1959, Carl Nelson, an admitted former Communist 
and Chicago packinghouse worker, said Criley was a "member of the section 
committee of the Communist Party of the packinghouse industry." 

Nelson testified in Chicago at Hou.se subcommittee hearings into Communist 
activities in vital industries. 

At 2 p.m. that .same day, Criley appeared before the subcommittee. 

After identifying himself, he was asked his occupation by Richard Arens, the 
subcommittee's counsel. 

Criley conferred with his lawyer, Irving G. Steinberg, then replied : 

"My ancestor, Childs Corey, died in Salem, Mass., in the year 1692, a victim 
of the Salem witch-hunt. 

"Mr. Arens, I think you can understand if my family has a long aversion to 
witch-hunts of any kind. Also if it is an article of faith in my family to believe 
in the Bill of Rights. I cannot in conscience encourage a further erosion of 
the Bill of Rights by answering your question." 

(During Criley's last appearance before the House subcommittee last Oct. 9, 
he named his ancestor as "Giles Corey" who was burned at the stake during a 
witch hunt.). 



170 

(However, history records that Corey was not burned, but pressed to death by 
stone-s. Corey was accused of being a wizard, at the age of 81.) 

Criley, a former packingliouse worker, first met congressional investigators 
July 6, 1954, in Washington during hearings into reported Communist activities 
in the Army. 

The Senate Internal Security subcommittee was probing Communist indoc- 
trination of the Army's Information and Education Division, a branch that 
explained to soldiers why they were fighting. 

Criley, a captain in the division, testified that he was not a Communist during 
his military career — 1942—45 — but refused to say whether he was a Red before 
or after. 

Criley also was charged with being a Communist on Sept. 3, 1952, by Lee 
Lundgren, an admitted ex-Communist and union leader, during a House sub- 
committee investigation of Chicago industries. 

The charges of Communist activities resulted in Criley's expulsion from Swift 
Local 28 of the United Packinghouse Workers of America on Oct. 9, 1946. 

He was district education director of the CIO Packinghouse Workers here. 
Technically, he was expelled for violating the union's constitution. 

Criley was graduated from the University of California in 1936. 

In 1935, he was an organizer for the Young Communist League of California 
and became its president in 1940, according to public records. 



Exhibit No. 7 

[From a hearing of the House Subcommittee on Departments of State, Justice, and 
Commerce, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies, 1970] 

Public Appearances of Party Leaders on Campuses, School Year 1968-69 

school, speaker, and date 

Notre Dame University, South Bend, Ind. ; Michael Zagarell ; September 15, 1968. 

Valley State College, Northridge, Calif. ; Charlene Mitchell ; September 19, 1968. 

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, N. Mex. ; Charlene Mitchell ; Septem- 
ber 25, 1968. 

Susquehanna University, Selinsgrove, Pa. ; Charlene Mitchell ; September 26, 
1968. 

Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Michael Zagarell : September 26, 1968. 

Standard Evening High School,* Philadelphia, Pa. ; Michael Zagarell ; Septem- 
ber 26, 1968. 

University of Illinois, Circle Campus, Chicago, 111. ; Charlene Mitchell ; Octo- 
ber 3, 1968. 

University of Illinois, Circle Campus, Chicago, 111. ; Louis Diskin ; October 3, 
1968. 

Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 4, 1968. 

Mundelein College. Chicago, 111. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 7, 1968. 

University of Washington, Seattle. Wash. ; Charlene Mitchell : October 8, 1968. 

Bloomfield College, Bloomfield, N..T. : Michael Zagarell : October 10, 1968. 

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 14, 
1968. 

Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wis. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 15, 1968. 

Northeastern University, Boston. Mass. : Michael Zagarell ; October 15, 1968. 

Brandeis ITniversity, Waltham, Mass. ; Michael Zagarell ; October 15, 1968. 

Colby College. Waterville, Maine : Michael Zagarell ; October 16, 1968. 

University of Maine, Orono, Maine ; Michael Zagarell : October 16, 1968. 

University of Maine at Portland, Portland, Maine ; Michael Zagarell ; October 16, 
1968. 

University of Wisconsin. Milwaukee, Wis. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 16, 1968. 

Knox College. Galesburg. 111. : Herbert Aptheker; October 16, 1968. 

Northwest Missouri State College, Maryville, Mo.; Herbert Aptheker; Octo- 
ber 17, 1968. 

University of Wisconsin, Memorial Union, Madison, Wis. ; Charlene Mitchell ; 
October 17, 1968. 

City College of New York, New York, N.Y. : Charlene Mitchell ; October 18, 1968. 

Brown University, Providence, R.T. ; Michael Zagarell ; October 18, 1968. 



•High school. 



171 

University of Rhode Island, Kingston, R.I. ; Michael ZagurcU ; October 18, 1968. 

University of Texas, Austin, Tex. ; Charlene Mitchell ; Octol)er 23, 1968. 

Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 24, 1968. 

San Jose State College, San Jose, Calif. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 28, 1968. 

Merritt College. Oakland. Calif. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 28, 1968. 

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn. ; Michael Zagarell, October 28, 1968. 

Temple Buell College, Denver, Colo. ; Michael Zagarell ; October 29, 1968. 

Stanford University, Stanford. Calif. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 29, 1968. 

California State College, Hayward, Calif. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 30, 1968. 

Lowell State College, Lowell. Mass. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 31, 1968. 

Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. ; Charlene Mitchell ; October 31, 1968. 

Boston State College, Boston, Mass. ; Charlene Mitchell ; November 1, 1968. 

Yale University, New Haven, Conn. ; Charlene Mitchell ; November 2, 1968. 

Howard University, Washington, D.C. ; Charlene Mitchell ; November 4, 1968. 

Knox College, Galesburg, 111. ; Michael Eiseuscher ; November 12, 1968. 

University of Delaware, Newark, Del. ; Herbert Aptheker ; December 12, 1968. 

St. Norbert's College, De Pere, Wis. ; Herbert Aptheker ; January 9, 1969. 

Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, Miss. ; Herbert Aptheker ; February 5, 1969. 

California Lutheran College, Thousand Oaks, Calif. ; Herbert Aptheker ; Febru- 
ary 6, 1969. 

New York University, New York, N.Y. ; Michael Myerson ; February 13, 1969. 

University of Maine. Orono, Maine : Charlene Mitchell ; February 18, 1969. 

Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. : Herbert Aptheker ; March 3, 1969. 

University of Miami, Coral Gables, Fla. ; Charlene Mitchell, March 6, 1969. 

Universitv of New Mexico, Albuquerque, N. Mex. : Claude Lightfoot ; March 11, 
1969. 

Littleton High School,* Littleton, Colo.; Robert Trujillo; March 14, 1969. 

University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa ; Herbert Aptheker ; April 8, 
1969. 

Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho ; Herbert Aptheker ; April 10, 1969. 

P.radley University. Peoria, 111. ; Richard Criley ; April 14, 1969. 

Elmhurst College, Elmhurt, 111. ; Herbert Aptheker ; April 15, 1969. 

Marshall University, Huntington, W. Va. ; Herbert Aptheker ; April 18, 1969. 

University of Rhode Island, Kingston, R.I. ; Herbert Aptheker ; May 13, 1969. 

Central State University, Wilberforce, Ohio ; Charlene Mitchell ; May 17, 1969. 

Federal City College, Washington, D.C. : Claude Lightfoot ; May 25, 1969. 

Pennsvlvania State University, University Park, Pa. ; Arnold Johnson ; May 25, 
1969. 

Beloit College, Beloit, Wisconsin ; Claude Lightfoot ; June 27, 1969. 



Exhibit No. 8 
The Alliance to End Repression 

From : John Hill, Executive Coordinator. 
To : Council delegates and others. 
Subject: September 1972 progress report. 

October Council Meeting Will lie Postponed One Week to Tuesday, October 17 
at 7 :30 PM, Alliance Headquarters — 22 East Van Bureau 

AGENDA WILL INCLUDE ANNUAL ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND STEERING COMM. 

Report of Nominating Committee, Joan Hoffman, Chairperson ( Note : Addi- 
tional nominations may be made from the floor.) 

NOMINATIOJS'S AND IDENTIFICATIONS 

Chairman: Rev. Jack Mendelsohn (First Unitarian Church of Chicago) 
rice-Chairman: Rev. Robert Muller (Westside Christian Parish) and Barbara 
England ( Wellin^on Ave. Congregational Church ) 

Secretary: Milton Cohen (Civil Liberties Commission, IVI) 

Treasurer: Dr. Herbert Hazelkorn (10th Gong. Dist. Politics for Peace) 



♦High school. 



172 

steering Committee: Mary Powers (Winnetka Human Rel. Comm.) ; Vance 
Archer (Hanrahan Task Force) ; Richard Criley (Chicago Comm. to Defend the 
Bill of Rights) ; Fred Glick (American Jewish Congress) ; Elyne Handler 
(Ethical Humanist Society) ; Walter Herrs (Chicago Commons Assoc.) ; David 
Meade (West Suburban) ; Bobbetee Zacharias (Winnetka Human Rel. Comm.) ; 
William Shapiro (Wilmette Human Rel. Comm.) ; Yal R. Klink (Civil Liberties 
Comm., I VI) ; Julie Jacoby (Prisons TF) : Doris Plicks (Cook County Sp. Bail 
Project) ; Robert Camacho (Citizens Alert) ; Frank Quinn (Hyde Park Peace 
Council) ; Rev. Francis McGrath (Assoc, of Chicago Priests) ; Edward Schwartz 
(Nat'l Lawyers Guild) : Joe Kestnbaum (Citizens Alert) ; Charles Gray (Lawn- 
dale Peoples Plamiiug & Action Conf. ) ; Pat Dodson (Citizens Alert) ; Roland 
Sibrie (Sacred Heart Church) ; Helen Mum (Women's Infl. League for Peace & 
Freedom) ; Betty Gallery (Winnetka Human Rel. Comm.) ; Harold Quigley 
(Ethical Humanist Society). 

LEAA REPORT CONFIRMS DISCRIMINATION IN CHICAGO POLICE DEPARTMENT 

Recent major report of the Justice Dept.'s Latv Enforeement Assistance Admin- 
istration confirms with detailed statistics the past charges made by the Afro- 
American Patrolmen's League and the ALLIANCE. While the proportion of 
sworn Black police personnel is less than half the percentage of Blacks in the 
general population, the disproportion increases according to rank. Proportion of 
Blacks according to Civil Service rank follows: (note — 10% of Chicago residents 
are Black) Patrolmen, 187o ; Sergeants, 10%; Lieutenants, 4%; and Captains, 
1%. 

The disproportion of persoris of Latin-American descent is even greater. Dis- 
crimination is getting worse, not better. Only 10% of those accepted from the 
current eligibility list were Black. In disciplinary actions taken, Dept. initiated 
complaints against Blacks were proportionately double those against white 
officers. 

CHICAGO CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION A ROADBLOCK TO EQUAL EMPLOYMENT 

The LEAA Report showed that elimination of Black and Latin-American 
aspirant.s for promotion and job applicants occurs primarily at the level of the 
Civil Service administered examinations. The report found that there was no 
demonstrable relationship between police performance and the tests given for 
patrolmen. Other reforms in addition to elimination or major changes in patrol- 
men's tests include independent monitoring of all tests, immediate report back 
with duplicates of graded papers and other measures to minimize the possibility 
of a "fix" based on political clout. Implementation of LEAA recommendations to 
Civil Service Commission, Chicago Police Board and other agencies will be 
priorities for Citizens Alert & the Alliance. 

OPENING ILLINOIS PRISONS TO PUBLIC SCRUTINY 

Jack Mendelsohn, John Hill and Julie Jacoby of the prisons task force met 
with Robert Howard, Illinois Dept. of Corrections to set up the agenda for a 
larger group meeting with Peter Bensinger, 111. Director of the Dept. Chief item 
for discussion will be the ALLIANCE initiated proposal for a citizen committee 
with access to state prisons. Twenty-eight organizations have written Mr. Ben- 
singer urging adoption of this proposal. Has your organization acted yet? Please 
send your letter to the Alliance for presentation in person to Mr. Bensinger. 

OVERHAUL OF PROBATION SYSTEM URGED AT COUNTY BOARD 

The Alliance's Illinois Prisons and Jails Project appeared before an August 
meeting of the Cook County Bd. of Commissioners to urge a massive reform of 
the county's probation services, which are among the mo.st inadequate in the 
country. Board President George Dunne recommended that a special budgetary 
hearing he held and wrote the TF's Julie Jacoby that this would be the appro- 
priate place for detailed recommendations to be made. The most effective imme- 
diate "prison reform" is to keep more people out of them. Here are some budfirot 
facts on why the county and city justice systems don't work very well: 

Chicago Police Dept. budget, $221 million. 

Local jail & prison budget, .$12 million. 

Chicago patrolman's pay, $13,000 per year. 

Probation office budget, $1.2 million. 



173 

Public defeuder budget, Ifl.S million. 
Public defender attorney, $10,300 per year. 

LATEST TRIBUNE POLL SHOWS HANRAHAN SLIGHT LEAD OVER CAREY 

While the trial of Edward V. Hanrahan et al. for conspiring to obstruct justice 
in the fatal raid on the Black Panther apartment continues, polls show Hanra- 
han Still has a small lead over Republican-independent challenger Bernard Carey 
for election to post of Cook County State's Attorney. The Alliance's si)ecial task 
force is showing a 25-minute documentary jQlm on the raid and its aftermath to 
any and all interested organizations. Recent showings include the Ethical 
Humanist Society, the Friendship Club and student groups at Chicago State 
University. How about a showing to your next meeting? (For booking, call 
939-675) 

NATIONAL legislation: HISC DEFEATED IN HOUSE/ "bUSING" BEFORE SENATE 

In a frantic effort to blackout news from independent sources visiting North 
Vietnam which expose U.S. bombings of dikes and civilians, the House Internal 
Security Committee attempted to rush through a modified peacetime treason stat- 
ute imposing penalties of 10 years and $10,000 for "unauthorized" visits to Hanoi. 
The HISC bill, HR 16742, was approved on 9/25/72 after 45 minutes of hearings 
which heard no opposing witness, for which Congressman Drinan, though a com- 
mittee member, was not notified. The bill was rushed to the House floor under a 
suspension of rules for action on Oct. 2, a day on which few Congressmen were 
expected to be in Washington, Emergency calls across the country were made 
by the National Committee Against Repressive Legis. and the ACLU. Because 
of the suspension of rules, a 2/3 vote of approval was required. This failed by 
some 17 votes, 230 for, 140 against. Illinois congressmen voting NO were Ander- 
son, Annunzio, Findley, Gray, Mikva, Murphy, Price, Rostenkowski, Yates ; Met- 
calfe and Collins were paired against. HR 16742 may reach the House floor 
through regular channels late in the session .... The so-called Equal Educational 
Opportunities Act (HR 13915) is expected on Senate floor 10/6/7. Opponents of 
this segregationist piece of legislative bigotry may filibuster. Nixon strongly sup- 
ports passage. 

ALLIANCE FINANCES REMAIN CRITICAL 

John Hill and Betty Plank are still owed several thousand in back salaries and 
face possible payless pay-days again. Are you a monthly sustainer for the Alliance 
and/or do you know someone who might become one? The ALLIANCE will spon- 
sor another supper on November 17th at Chicago Theological Seminary, with 
Afro-American Patrolmen's League president Renault Robinson as the featured 
speaker. Tickets are a $5.00 donation, and will be available shortly and at the 
Council meeting. 

Reminder: Has your organization distributed the ALLIANCE'S report on Cairo, 
111. ? Have you or your organization written Governor Ogilvie and Dan Walker? 

Chadmian: Rev. Jack Mendelsohn, First Unitarian Church of Chicago 

Vi-ce-Ch airman: Joan Hoffman. 57th Street Meeting of Friends, Rev. Robert 
Mueller, West Side Christian Parish 

Seoretary: Mary Powers. Winnetka Human Relations Committee 

Treasurer: Norman Boyden, National Association of Social Workers, Chicago 
Chapter 

Exeoiitive coordinator : John J. Hill 

Associate coordinator : Betty Plank. 

Steering committee: Vance O. Archer III, Cook County special bail project; 
Rev. David Chevrier. Wellington Avenue Congregational Church ; Milton Cohen, 
Civil Liberties Committee of the Independent Voters of Illinois ; Richard Criley, 
Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights; Rev. Thomas Cross, United 
Methodist Board of Social Concerns ; Rev. Martin Deppe, United Methodist Board 
of Social Concerns ; Maude E. DeVictor, St. Columbonus Catholic Church ; Fred E. 
Click. Alliance Police Community Problems Task Force : Elyne Handler, EJthical 
Minority Societv of Chicago: Ross Harano. Japanese American Citizens League; 
Herbert N Hazelkorn. 1.5th District Politics for Peace : Walter Herrs. Coroner's 
Inquest Ta-sk Force ; Jon Kelley. East Garfield Park Joint Planning Committee ; 
Val R Klink Civil Liberties Commission of the Independent Voters of Illinois ; 



60-030 O - 75 - 10 



174 

Sylvia Kiisliner, Chicago Peace Council ; Judi Mcarole, Cook County Special Bail 
Project ; David Meade, Editor, Alliance Open Letter ; Richard Menges, Oak Park- 
River Forest Citizens Committee for Human Rights ; Rev. Patrick O'Malley, St. 
James Catholic Church ; Harold Quigley, Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago ; 
William Shapiro, Wilmette Human Relations Committee ; Edna Williams, United 
Front of Cairo ; Bohbette Zacharias, Winnetka Human Relations Committee. 



Exhibit No. 9 

December 1974 Progress Report to Delegates and Others (Alliance To End 

Repression) 

councn, meeting agenda, december 10, 1974 

1. Steering Committee Members Election for Coming year 

2. Evaluation of James Rochford's first year as Chicago's Police Superintendent 

Nominating Committee's Slate for Steering Committee 

For Re-Election of Members : 

Randy Arcenas — Cook County Special Bail Project 

Milt Cohen — National Association of Social Workers — Chicago Chapter 

Dick Criley — Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights 

Peggy Deppe — First United Methodist Church of Evanston 

Alex DeVolpi — Concerned Argonne Scientists 

Herb Hazelkorn — Tenth Congressional District Politics for Peace 

Hans Lagoni — Wellington Avenue United Church of Christ 

Joyce Marco — Third Unitarian Church of Chicago 

Frank McGrath — Association of Chicago Priests 

Jack Mendelsohn — First Unitarian Church of Chicago 

Dick Menges — Alliance Public Relations 

Helen Mumm — Alliance Finance Committee 

Adele Noren — United Methodist Board of Christian Social Concerns 

Mary Powers — Winnetka Human Relations Committee 

Frank Quinn — Hyde Park Peace Council 

Rev. Roland Sibrie — Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church 

Rev. George Sikes — South Suburban Human Relations Federation 

Bobette Zacharias — Citizens Committee on the Media 
New Members : 

Phil Brail— K A M Isaiah Israel Congregation— Social Action Committee 

Sr. Eileen Burke — Adrian Dominican Sisters 

Sr. Joann Crowle.v— Sisters of Charity, BVM, Social Response Commission 

L'Mordy Giles— Kenwood-Oakland Community Organization (KOCO) 

Rick Gutman — Citizens Alert 

Jeanette Musengo — Chicago Connections 

Santos Perez — Archdiocesan Latin American Committee 

Lawrence Phillips — Afro-American Family and Community Service 

Cedric Russell— The Woodlawn Organization (TWO) 

Ruby Wilford — Community of United People 
OflHcer's Slate from the above members proposed : 

Chairperson — Jack Mendelsohn 

Vice-Chairpersons— Frank McGrath, Cedrick Russell, Santos Perez, Mary 

Powers 
Secretary— Alex DeVolpi 
Treasurer — Helen Mumm 

RED SQUAD 

The Police Department, according to several news stories in late November, 
plans to phase out its Red Squad functions. While the Department's full inten- 
tion is yet unclear, it is clear that the Red Squad Law Suit brought by ACLU 
and the Alliance to End Repression in behalf of several individuals and social 
activist groups, has caused the Police Department to think about its political 

surveillance methods. „ , ■,, ^ „„4.;„; 

The suit a class action, accuses the Police Department of several illegal activi- 
ties including burglary and unauthorized wiretapping. It asks the court to order 
the Police Department to cease its illegal surveillance methods and to destroy 
the dossiers obtained through these methods. 

Those who participate in demonstrations should observe whether or not the 
Red Squad is still carrying on its usual activities. Let the Alhance know about 
that or about any other matters which might pertain to the suit. 



175 

BAIL VOLUNTEERS 

With the holiday season near, the Cook County Special Bail Project is in need 
of volunteers to staff the bail courts. If you can help out on any weekend or 
during the holidays themselves, call Betty Schulte or Karen Cassiiis to sign up. 

In January, the CCSBP will begin to work week days in the Felony Prelimi- 
nary-Hearing Court at 26th and California. If you can volunteer for even a brief 
time (e.g. once a week for a month), please call Noma Richardson, co-ordinator 
of the week-day program. 

BAIL SYSTEM UNDER ATTACK 

As the daily press reports— the "bail system" is under fire. The figures that 
made headlines in the Tribune and Sun Times on Thursday were retracted on the 
back pages on Friday. Sui^erintendent Rochford was unable to support his claim 
that 40,000 rapists, robbers, thieves, etc. are rearrested while out on bond, because 
it is not true. However, this erroneous sensationalism increases fear of bail and 
promotes the position that "they should all be locked-up" even while presumed 
innocent. 

STATE LEGISLATIVE TASK FORCE 

The Alliance's State Legislative Task Force urges defeat of HB 2907 which 
has been intoduced in Springfield to make bail laws stiffer. The bill would enable 
judges to require a defendant, if he has committed a crime while free on a prior 
bond, to post 100% of the face value of his bond (instead of 10%). Judge already 
are required to consider a defendant's conviction record and they presently enjoy 
broad discretionary powers over bail. The proposed bill is therefore unnecessary. 
But it is also dangerous because it could lead to the return of the corrupt bail 
bondsman system which thrived when defendants were required to post 100% 
of the bond set for them. 

NATIONAL LEGISLATION 

The improvement won in the composition of the House of Representatives in 
the last election is evident in the changes now taking place in the House power- 
structure. Congressman Philip Burton, a strong civil liberties advocate, has been 
elected chairperson for the House Democratic Caucus. Congressman Ralph Met- 
calfe has been added to the House leadership committee which will now deter- 
mine Democratic members' committee assignments, previou.sly controlled by the 
Ways and Means Committee, dominated by Wilbur Mills, who faces ouster as 
Committee chairman. 

The Democratic Caucus is considering a resolution to eliminate the House In- 
ternal Security Committee. This may lead to action on the opening day of the 
new Congress. Whether the action is taken then or later in the session, it now 
appears likely that the 94th Congress will end the 30-year life of HU AC/HI SC. 
Letters to Illinois Congressmen urging the elimination of HISC are now very 
much in order. The House Judiciary Committee in the 94th Congress, which 
will play a key role in drafting the new criminal code, will have a stronger civil 
liberties character than in any recent Congress. Abner Mikva will probably be 
reassigned to the Judiciary Committee, giving Illinois at least one Democrat 
along with its two Republicans, McClory and Railsback. 

CITIZENS ALEET 

At a November 29 conference. Citizens Alert decided to make its overall 1975 
goal the building of a network reaching into the city's 21 police districts. Specific 
issues for 1975 : rape. Police Board expansion, police-caused deaths, crime and 
police problems at the commimity level, the police budget, hiring discrimination, 
and the Red Squad. Chief methods of working ; law suits, accountability sessions, 
attendance at Police Board meetings, and meetings with community persons. 

ALL-ALLIANCE-GET-ACQUAINTED PARTY 

December 7, Saturday starting at 8 P M at the Alliance headquarters. For all 
"Alliance" workers and supporters — to get to know each other. Among the plans — 
a talented dance leader will lead us from three steps to the right then to the 
left — to dancing Western style. So get out your ginghams and jeans — and musical 
instruments — and come. If time — RSVP. 



176 

NEW AFFILIATIONS 

Recent new member organizations of the Alliance — St. Agatha Catholic Church, 
St. Frances Cabrini Catholic Church and Area 14 of the National Council of 
Jewish Women (a "superstructure" of NCJW encompassing entire Chicago- 
area). Many other organizations are considering joining at this time. Let us know 
if we can send a speaker to help bring in your organization. A literature pack is 
also available. 



177 



Exhibit No. 9A 




Norman Boyden 

Treasurer of The Alliance 

Director of Urban Crisis Program of the 

National Association of Social Workers 



David C. Chevrier 

Chairman, Political Surveillance Task Force 
Minister, Wellington Avenue Congregational 
Church 

Richard Criley 

Secretary-, Legislative Task Force 
Executive Director, Chicago Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights 



David Meade 

Editor, OPEN LETTER 

Director of Communications, Rosary College 

Jack Mendelsohn 

Chairman of the Alliance 

Minister, First Unitarian Church of Chicago 

Dick Menges 

Oak Park-River Forest Citizens Committee for 
Human Rights 

Robert Mueller 

Chairman, Task Force on Jury Reform 

Pastor, West Side Christian Parish 



ic 



Martin Deppe 

Unitec] Methodist Board of Social Concerns 

Roji Harano 

Japanese-American Citizens League 



Patrick O'Malley 

Chairman, Police-Community Problems Task Force 

Co-Pastor, St. James Catholic Church 

James Osgood 
Mattachlne Midwest 



Herbert Hazelkorn 

Chairman, Finance Committee of the Alliance 
Chairman, 13th Congressional District Politics 
for Peace 

Joan Hoffman 

Vice Chairman of the Alliance 

57th Street Meeting of Friends 

Val Klink 

Chairman, Legislative Task Force 
Civil Liberties Commission of the Independent 
Voters of Illinois 



Mary Povi/ers 

Winnetka Human Relations Committee 

Harold Ouigley 

Chairman, Political Trials Task Force 

Leader, Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago 

Tom Sardina 
Secretary of the Alliance 
Volunteer Staff, Lawndale Peoples Planning and 
Action Conference 

Ann Seng 

Catholic Interracial Council 



Sylvia Kushner 

Executive Secretary, Chicago Peace Council 



Edna Williams 
United Front of Cairo 



Judi McArdle 

Member of Board of Directors 

Cook County Special Ball Project 



Bobby Zacharias 

Chairman, Media Repression Task Force 

Winnetka Human Relations Committee 



178 



Exhibit No. 10 




CHICAGO PEACE COUNCIL 
542 SOUTH DEARBORN 
CHIC AGO. ILLINOIS 60605 
Dear Friend, (312)922-6578-922-6579 

We =»re enclosinq a Call for A NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR A DRASTIC CUTHACK 
IN MILITARY SPENDING to be held in Chicaqo, April 5 & 6 . We hope you 
will help make this Conference a success. 

Millions cf our people are outraged by a military budnet of SI 05 billion 
and, according t'~i the Pentagon, inflation will raise that figure to 
$149 billion. This while the people arc suffering from the effects of 
one of the worst crises in U.S. history. 

Hhile Pres. Ford has ordered cuts in necessary social services, there 
have been only increases in the military budget, which is being spent on 
U.S. domination arf^und the world, on military assistance to reactionary 
and Fascist regimes, and particularly on escalating the nuclear arms 
race that threatens world destruction. 

The crucial importance r.f launching a national actif^n program for red- 
uction in military spending and shifting the released funds to meet 
human needs was emphasized by Cong, "^onald V. Dellums of California, a 
member of the House Armed Services Committee. He said: 

"...VJhilc every other government agency and program is scraped to the 
bone, especially the human needs program, only the military maintains its 
growth, at a rate that outstrips inflation." 

The purpose of the National Conference is to mount a national campaign 
and a vigorous program of action v^hich v/ill speak tri the hundreds of 
th'^usands v/ho were part of the inspiring resistance to the war in Indo- 
china. The people of the U.S. can and must turn this country around. 

Congressmen Ralph Metcalfe, Bella Abzug and Les Aspin have been invited. 
Some of the speakers at the Conference will include: Congressman Abner 
Mikva (111.); Robert Johnston (i^egional Director, U.A.W.); Richard 
Criley (Exec. Dir. Comm. to Defend the Bill of Ri«-thts) ; Norman Roth 
(Fres. Local 6, U.A.W.); Fr. Gerard Grant S.J. (Loyola University); 
Ed Sadlowski (Regional Director, United Steel V'orkers Union) and Frank 
Rosen (Intl. V-P, U.E.). The above v;ill speak in plenary and/or workshops. 

We urge all organizations to elect delegates to the Conference to help 
plan an effective national program of action to cut military spending. 



We look foward to hearim from you. 



Yours in Peace and Justiee, 

Sylvia Kushner 
Executive Secretary, 
Chicago Peace Council 



179 



ADVANCE REGISTRATION 

NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR A DRT^STIC April 5th rind fith, 197 5 

CUTD/iCK IN MILITARY SPENDING LaSnlle Hotel - li^ N. LaSalle St. 

Chicaqo, Illinois (downtown loop) 



Name , . . Phone 

Address 

City State ........ Zip 

Orqanization ......... . 



/ I will attend the Conference. / Enclosed is $5.00 advance renistra- 

tTon (must be received by March 31st) 
Reqistration at Conference S8.00 - special consideration 

for unemployed 

/ I cannot attend. / enclosed is my contribution of $ to help 

cover cost of the Conference. 

/ Please send me Calls for the Conference and place my name on the 

mailing list for all materials 

Return this reqistration form and make checks payable to: 

CHICAGO PEACE COUNCIL 
54 2 So. Dearborn St. 
Chicago, ill. f06'^5 - 312-922-'=578 



send cnupn to: 



CHICAGO PEACE COUNCIL 

5'; 2 So. Dearborn Street 

Chicago, m. f;06r>5 312-922-6578 

HOSPITALITY: 



We recommend LaSallo Hotel rooms if at all possible. The rates are: 

/ 2 to a room $13-15 each plus 5% tax 

/ 4 to a room $7.50-9.00 each plus 5% tax 

there v;ill be available some hospitality in homes / and place for 

sleeping bags / (bring your own) 

Please contact the Chicago Peace Council for your housing requirements. 

CHECK ABOVE THE TYPE OF ACCOMODATIONS YOU WANT. In the case of hotel room 
reservations, let the Council know if there are specific people you want 
to share the room, otherwise the Chicago Committee will make the assiqn- 
ments. (for groups of 3 , a cot can be placed in the room f'^r $7,00) 
HOTEL RESERVATIONS SHOULD ^FACH CHICAGO BY MARCH 31stl 



180 

Exhibit No. 11 
fFrom the Congressional Record — Extension of Remarks, Feb. 6, 1975] 
Reds Pbepabe Anti-Chile Lobby 

Hon. Larry McDonald of Georgia, in the House of Representatives, 
Wednesday, February 5, 1975 

Mr. McDonald of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, as part of ttie international campaign 
to bring down the anti-Marxist government of Chile, the Communist Party, 
U.S.A., has focused its efforts on pressuring Congress to cut off all forms of aid 
to Chile. I wish to draw my colleagues' attention to this campaign and its 
background. 

On February 8 and 9, 1975, the Second National Conference in Solidarity with 
Chile will be held at Concordia Teachers College in the Chicago suburb of River 
Foi'est. This solidarity conference was organized by the National Coordinating 
Center in Solidarity with Chile — NCCSC — a project of the Communist Party, 
U.S.A. — CPUS A — and its local affiliate, the Chicago Committee to Save Lives in 
Chile which is run by CPUS A stalwart Sylvia Kushner from the offices of the 
Chicago Peace Council, yet another CPUSA front group. 

The primary purposes of the conference, as indicated in the conference call, 
are to raise money from "progressive Americans" to "assist the resistance," to 
discredit the covert activities of the Central Intelligence Agency by "making use 
of the revelations relating to Chile" ; and to "stimulate considerable support in 
the U.S. Congress for legislation helpful" to the Marxists. 

The conference call, printed by Prompt Press, which has served for more than 
three decades as the "in-house" printer for the Communist Party and its fronts, 
states : 

"Now is the time to consolidate and increase these efforts in Congress. During 
the next year it is our special responsibility, as U.S. citizens, to press for cutting 
off all sales and all military and economic aid to the junta, a measure of great 
strategic and practical importance to the anti-fascist forces in Chile. (Emphasis 
in the original)." 

Let me remind my colleagues that the so-called anti-Fascist resistance in Chile 
is composed of the Chilean Socialist and Communist Parties together with several 
other Marxist parties and movements which were the Popular Unity coalition. 
Chile's Socialist Party was characterized in testimony before the House Internal 
Security Committee as "more extremist or leftist" than the strongly pro-Soviet 
Communist Party with which it has worked in close alliance for the past 20 years. 
The Popular Unity coalition used their warm relations with Fidel Castro to 
import weapons to arm private, Communist paramilitary forces, including the 
terrorist MIR — Movement of the Revolutionary Left — headed by Salvador Al- 
lende's nephew, in preparation for a coup. 

The non-Marxist government brought charges against many members of the 
Popular Unity coalition for crimes related to that planned takeover, including 
the diversion of government supplies and property and embezzlement. Many of 
the detained Marxists have now been expelled from Chile. 

Communist Party literature has made clear the importance placed by the world 
Communist movement on the international campaign against the anti-Marxist 
Chileans. 

Party Affairs, a confidential Internal publication of the CPUSA, in April 1974, 
published a directive from the CPUSA International Affairs Commission to all 
members which said : 

"Join and work with local Chile Solidarity Committees in your area wherever 
possible and work to ensure support for the Chilean struggle in your work center, 
your mass organization and your community." 

Last July the NCCSC held a National Legislative Conference on Chile and 
People's Lobby, in the words of Party Affairs — 

"To inform and involve Congressional leaders, to demand investigations of 
the U.S. role in the coup, to immediately cut off all forms of aid to the junta, 
and to urge that the U.S. open its borders to Chilean refugees." 

The International Affairs Commission further ordered all Communists to 
"continually exert" pressure on Congress. 

Regrettably, I see the names of three of my colleagues in the House on the 
list of sponsors of this Communist Party project. 

The sponsors of the Second Chile Solidarity Conference have for the most 
part been drawn from the CPUSA hierarchy, and from such CPUSA fronts as 



181 

Trade Unionists for Action and Democracy — TUAD — which coordinates the 
penetration of trade unions and rank-and-file movements ; the National Alliance 
Against Racist and Political Repression — NAARPR — which is active in the 
civil rights and prison movements ; the National Lawyers Guild — NLG — legal 
bulwark of the Communist Party ; the Emma Lazarus Clubs and the Venceremos 
Brigade, now also a party controlled operation. 

Other sponsors haeve been drawn from CPUSA-controUed or influenced labor 
unioni^. often through the TUAD, such as the International Longshoremen's 
and Warehousemen's Union — ILWU ; Local 1199 of the Drug and Hospital 
Workers ; the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers ; and the Amalga- 
mated Meatcutters. And an additional group represent various Marxist-Leninist 
and Marxist organizations allied with the CPUSA in the Chile solidarity 
campaign. Among these groups are the Puerto Rican Socialist Party, the 
People's Party, New American Movement, and the Socialist Party. 

Among the better known admitted or identified CPUSA members sponsoring 
the call are John Abt, CPUSA general counsel ; Herbert Aptheker, central 
committee member ; Lucille Berrien ; Fred Blair ; Anne and Carl Braden ; 
Joseph Brandt ; Archie Brown, former national committee member ; Bert 
Corona ; Angela Davis, central committee member ; Ernest DeMaio, international 
vice president of United Electrical Workers ; Abe Feinglass ; John Oilman ; 
Charles Hayes ; Sylvia Kushner ; Charlene Mitchell, central committee member ; 
Amadeo Richardson; Roque Ristorucci : Jack Spiegel; James West; and Helen 
Winter, secretary of the CPUSA International Affairs Commission. 

The complete list of sponsors follows : 

John Abt, Esq., New York City. 

Harry Amana, journalist, Philadelphia Tribune. 

Herbert Aptheker, American Institute for Marxist Studies. 

Ramon Arbona, First Sec'y. I'.S. Section/Puerto Rican Socialist Party. 

Max Aragon, Vice President, Local 26, ILWU. 

Gilbert Badilla, Sec'y. -Treasurer United Farm Workers, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Tony Baez, Puerto Rican Communitv Ind. School, Milwaukee. 

Nick Ballas, Field Dir., Dist. 48, AFSCME, AFL^CIO. 

James Barret, professor, Marquette University. 

Bay Area Trade Unionists Com. for Chile. 

Norma Becker, War Resisters League, New York City. 

Louise R. Berman, San Francisco. 

Lucille Berrien, chairwoman, Milwaukee Alliance Against Racist & Political 
Repression. 

Fred Blair, chairman. Community Party of Wisconsin. 

Edmund Bobrowiscz, but, agent Local 248, Amal. Meat Cutters & Butcher Work 
of N.A. 

Harding Bond, president. Local 248, Amal, Meat Cutters & Butcher Work, of 
N.A. 

Edward Boorstein, author. New York City. 

Anne & Carl Braden, Southern Institute for Prop, and Organizing. 

Edward Bragg, Vice president, Local 1199, Drug & Hospital Workers. 

Joe Brandt, Korea Focus. 

Charles Briody, form. Nat'l. Chmn., Peoples Party. 

Archie Brown, Executive Board, Local 10, ILWU. 

Rev. John P. Brown, Ecumenical Peace Institute Berkeley. 

Father Frank Buismato, Center for Peace & Social Justice, San Francisco. . 

Gene Byrnes, Casa Maria, Milwaukee, Wise. 

CALA, Madison. 

Marion Calligaris, Trade Union Action & Democ. Chicago. 

Humberto Camacho, Field Organizer, Local 1421, UERMW of America. 

Joan Campbell, Assoc. Director, Greater Cleveland Interchurch Council. 

Ward H. Cann, Dist. Chairman, Div. of W^orld Peace, United Methodist Church 
of R.I. 

Anthony J. Capizzi, S.J., Director, Campus Ministry, St. Joseph's College. 

Prof. Fred J. Carrier, American Korean Friendship & Information Center, 
New York. 

Anthony J. Cascone, Rec. Sec, Local 87, United Steelworkers of America. 

Ernesto Chacon, Director, Latin American Unit for Civil Rights, Milwaukee. 

Juan Chacon, Local 890. United Steelworkers of America. 

Rev. Benjamin Chavis, Commission on Racial Justice, United Church of 
Christ. 



182 

Treasurer, National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression. 

Chicago Citizen's Comm. To Save Lives in Chile. 

Paul Chown, President, Dist. 10, UERMW of America. 

Rev. Peter Christiansen. First Unitarian Church, LA. 

Mary Clarke, Women's Strike for Peace, San Francisco. 

Prof. James D. Cockroft, Rutgers-Livingston, New Brunswick, N.J. 

Johnnetta B. Cole, Nat'l. Comm. Venceremos Brigade. 

Robert E. Cole, New American Movement, Amherst, Mass. 

Walter Collins, Exec. Dir., Southern Conf. Ed. Fund. 

Common Front for Latin America, Washington, D.C. 

Virgil Connins, Sec'y.-Treas., Local 216, UAW. 

Marvel Cook, Nat'l. Legal Defense Fund. 

Coordinating Committee for a Free Chile, Denver, Colo. 

Bert Corona, organizer, C.A.S.A., Los Angeles. 

Eleanor Grain, U.S. -Cuba Health Exchange. 

Irving J. Crain, MD., Amer. Acad, of Psychoanalysts. 

Sara Cunningham, Actors Equity Association. 

Angela Davis, co-chairman, Nat'l. Alliance Against Racist & Political Repres- 
sion, Communist Party, USA. 

Admiral Dawson, Delegate, Los Angeles Co. Federation of Labor. 

Father Mark Day, Los Angeles. 

John Deckenback, Assoc. Exec. Dir. Joint Strategy & Action Comm., San 
Francisco. 

Angelo Deitos, President, Local 78, UAW. 

Ronald V. Dellums, Member, U.S. Congress. 

Ernest De Maio, Chicago Commission of Inquiry In Chile. 

Arsh Derbabian, Field Rep., Michigan Federation of Teachers. 

Susan Duncan, Coordinator, L.A.P.A.G., Austin, Texas. 

Ecumenical Peace Institute, Berkeley, Cal. 

Dr. Eugene Eisman, professor, Univ. of Wisconsin. 

Norman Eisner, New York City. 

Joan Elbert, Clergy & Laity Concerned, Chicago. 

Emergency Com. To Save Chilean Health Workers, New York City. 

Fair Trials for Chilean. 

Political Prisoners, Corvallis. Ore. 

Richard Fagen, President, Latin American Studies, Assoc, Stanford Univ. 

Stanley Faulkner, Nat'l Lawyers Guild, Committee for Justice in Chile. 

Abraham Feingla-ss, Int'l V.P. Amal. Meat Cutters & Butcher Work of N.A, 
Chicago Comm. of Inquiry in Chile. 

Joe Figueirido, Bus. Agent, Local 6, ILWU. 

Ann Law Finch, Local 2345, APGE. 

Charles Finch. New American Movement, Durham, N.C. 

Leon Finney, Woodlawn Organization, Chicago. 

Mons. James B. Flynn, Chairman, Comm. on Social Justice, Catholic Arch- 
diocese, San Francisco. 

Henry Foner. President, Joint Board, Fur, Leather & Machine Workers. 

Moe Foner, Exec. Sec'y Local 1199, Drug Hospital Workers. 

Clifford Fried, Vice President, Local 2070. AFSCME, AFL-CIO. 

Dr. A. Lisa Friedman, psychiatrist. New York City. 

William Friedman, New York City. 

Victor Fuentes, Spanish Dep't. Univ. of California. 

Joel Gajardo, Comm. on U.S. -Latin American Policy Studies, Cornell Univ. 

John Gardiner. Archdiocesan Council of Catholic Men, San Francisco. 

Russell W. Gibbons. Asst. Editor, STEEL LABOR/USWA, Philadelphia, Pa. 

John Gilman, Regional Dir. PCPJ, Milwaukee. 

Sidney Gluck, U.S.-Cuba Health Exchange, New York City. 

Carlton B. Goodlett, Ph. D.. MD., Editor-Publisher, The Sun Reporter, San 
Francisco. 

Larry Gossett. Chmn., Third World Coalition, Seattle. 

Rev. David M. Gracie, Urban Missioner, Epi.scopal Diocese of Pennsylvania. 

Rev. G. G. Grant, S.J., Dept. of Philosophy, Loyola Univ. Member, Chicago 
Comm. of Inquiry. 

Terry Greene. Exectuive Board, Local 6, ILWU. 

Dr. Sidney Greenfield, professor, Univ. of Wisconsin. 

Sister Anne Greenslade, Sister's Council. San Francisco. 

Edward Greer, professor, Hampshire College. 

Father James Groppi, St. Joseph Young Christian Workers, Milwaukee. 



183 

Rita Gross, Comm. Against Inflation & Unemployment, Milwaukee. 

Larry Gurley, Local 771, Am. Fed. of Teachers. 

George Guitierrez. Coimcilor. Chance Program, Northern 111. Univ., Human 
Rights Com. /Member, Chicago Commission of Inquiry in Chile. 

Jerry Hall. Local 535, Social Service Workers. 

Mike Harney, American Indian Movement, St. Paul, Minn. 

John L. Hammond, Jr., Columbia University. 

Dr. Howard Handelman, professor. University of Wisconsin. 

Rhonda Hanson, Co-Chairperson, Milwaukee Comm. to Restore Democracy in 
Chile. 

I^ah Xudell, President, Lazarus Club of Los Angeles. 

Michael Harrington, Member, U.S. Congress. 

Chester Hartman, San Francisco. 

Marii Hasegawa, President, U.S. Section, WILPF. 

Charles Hayes, Chmn., Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, Ami. Meat Cutters 
& Butcher Work, of N.A., Chicago. 

Robert High, NICH, Berkeley. 

Freti Hirsch, San Jose Emergency Comm. to Defend Democracy in Chile. 

Father William Hogan, Chicago Clergy & Laity Concerned. 

George T. Hrbek, Lutheran Global Justice Taskforce. 

Sister Mary Ann Ihm, professor, Marquette Univ. 

Ying Lee Kelly, City Councilwoman. Berkeley, Calif. 

Dr. David Kimmelman, Co-Chairperson, U.S. -Cuba Health Exchange. 

Freida Kreitner, Women Speak Out for Peace & Justice, Cleveland. 

Helen Kuzman. WILPF. 

Sylvia Kushner, Exec. Sec'y. Chicago Peace Council. 

Saul Landau, Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, D.C. 

Anna Langford, Alderwoman, City of Chicago/Chicago Comm. of Inquiry in 
Chile. 

Latin American Solidarity Group, Atlanta, Ga. 

Father Thomas LeMieux, Pastor, St. Michael's Church, Milwaukee. 

Sandra Levinson. Center for Cuban Studies, New York. 

Sheldon B. Liss, Univ. of Akron. 

Blanche Livingstone, President, Women Speak Out for Peace & Justice, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Dr. Richard Lobban, Ass't. Prof.. Rhode Island College. 

Lee Lockwood, author, Los Angeles Com. to Restore Democracy in Chile. 

Walter Lowenfels, poet. 

Dr. David Luce, professor, Univ. of Wisconsin. 

Jack Lucid. Local 6, ILWU. 

Prof. Beatrice Lumpkin, Local 1600, AFT. 

Salvador Luria, professor. 

Conrad Lynn, Esq., New York City. 

Raymond Ma jerus, Dist. Director, District 48, UAW. 

Bob Malone & Linda Medlin, Greenville Chile Support Comm., Greenville, N.C. 

Bertha Marshall, Chairperson, CDC Club, Los Angeles. 

Betita Martinez, author, Albuquerque, N.M. 

Richard Massman, Asst. Dir., District 48, AFSCME-AFL-CIO. 

Rabbi Robert J. Marx. Congregation Saulel, Highland Park, 111. 

Goldie Maymudes. President, City Comm., Jewish Cultural Club, Los Angeles. 

Dr. Ray McCall, professor, Marquette University. 

Frederick A. McGuire, Division for Latin America, U.S. Catholic Conference. 

Lawrence McGurty, President, Local 1437, AFT. 

David McReynolds, War Resisters League, N.Y. 

Philip Meranto, professor, University of Washington. 

Jorge Merida, Coordinating Committee for a Free Chile, Denver, Colo. 

Sam Meyers, Local 259, UAW. 

Michigan Com. for a Free Chile. 

Joe Miller, National SANE. 

Milwaukee Com. to Restore Democracy in Chile. 

Charlene Mitchell. Exec. Sec'y, National Alliance Against Racist and Political 
Repression. 

Julio Mojica, Vice Pres.. District 65. DWA. 

Father Cucholian Moriarity, San Jo.se. Ca. 

J. P. Moray, attorney. Chmn.. Fair Trials for Chilean Political Prisoners, 
Corvallis, Oregon. 



184 

Rev. John C. Moyer, United House, Berkeley, Ca. 

Helen Moser, Napa Methodist Church. 

Marcus Munoz, United Farm Workers, Unitarian Church, Willmette, 111. 

Helen Murray, Comm. on Social Justice, Archdiosese of California. 

Michael Myerson, author, NYC. 

Vivian Myerson, President, Los Angeles WILPF. 

NACLA, East & West. 

National Anti-Imperialist Movement in Solidarity with African Liberation. 

New American Movement. 

New York Chile Solidarity Com. 

NICH. Berkeley. 

Robert Nichols, Avanza, New York City. 

Grace, Paley, Resist, New York City. 

Rev. William Parrish, Pastor, Summerfield Methodist Church, Milwaukee. 

Dean Peerman, Man. Editor, Christian Centeury/Chicago, Commission of 
Inquiry. 

Philadelphia Chile Emergency Com. 

Symour Posner, Assemblyman, New York State. 

Joanne Fox Przeworski, University of Chicago/Chicago, Commission of Inquiry 
in Chile. 

Thomas Quigley, Division of Latin America, U.S. Catholic Conference. 

John Randolph, Actors Equity Association. 

Abba Ramos, Local 6, ILWU. 

A. A. Raymor, former Alderman, City of Chicago. 

Amadeo Richardson, President, Chelsea Action Coalition, New York City. 

Roque Ristorueci, nat'l staff. Young Workers Liberation League. 

Mark Rogovin, muralist. Public Art Workshop, Chicago. 

Higinio Romo, President, Local 131, United Rubber Wkrs. 

Pauline Rosen, Women Strike for Peace, N.Y. 

Norman Roth, President, Local 6, UAW. 

Carlos Russell, Dean, Brooklyn College School of Contemporary Studies. 

Helen I. Safa, Rutgers University. 

Augusto Sallas, Hispanic American Labor Council, Chicago. 

Ralph Shapiro, Esq. NYC. 

William H. Simons, Washington Teachers Union Local 61, American Fed. of 
Teachers. 

Dr. James Silverbery, professor, University of Wisconsin. 

Saul Silverman, Pres., Local 140/United Furniture, Workers of America, 
AFL-CIO. 

Ed Smith, Field Organizer. Local 248/Amal. Meat, Cutters & Butcher Work, 
of N.A. 

Rev. Kenneth Smith, Exec. Dir., Milwaukee Christian Center. 

Lasker Smith, Chairman, Auto Workers Caucus, UAW, Local 2 Education 
Committee. 

Rick Smith, Local 14, 11 WU. Oakland. 

Francois A. Samlyo, Cooks Union Local 209. 

Social Service Workers of Chilean Freedom, New York City. 

Jack D. Spiegel, Org., Dir., Lake States District & Council/United Shoeworkers 
of America. 

Dorothy Steffens, Exec. Director, WILPF. 

Gloria Steinem, MS magazine. 

Patricia H. Strandt, Local 71, Newspaper Guild. 

Doris E. Streiter, Chairwoman, Chicago Comm. to Save Lives in Chile/Chicago 
Comm. of Inquiry. 

Leon Sverdlove, President. Int'l. Jewelry Workers Union, AFL-CIO. 

Ethel Taylor, Nat'l Coordinator, Women Strike for Peace. 

Myra Taylor, Local 400, SFIU. 

Frank Teruggi, Sr., Local 16, International Typographical Union, Chicago. 
Comm. of Inquiry. 

Edith Tiger, Exec. Sec'y, Emergency Civil Liberties Com. 

Lou Torre, Local 85, lAM. 

Andres Torres, Puerto Rican Socialist Party, N.Y. 

Urho Touminen Local 10, ILWU, Trade" Unionists Chile Solidarity Com., 
Chicago. 

Lloyd Vandevere, Vice Pres., District 10 UERMW of America, Northern Cal. 

Vietnam Vets Against the War ; Buffalo, N.Y. 

Dr. Gilbert Walter, professor. University of Wisconsin. 



185 

Jack Weintraub, Local 85, International Brotherhood of Teamsters. 

Jeff Wilkenson, executive board, Local 164, International Holders and Allied 
Workers. 

Women's Studies College, State Univ. of N.Y., Buffalo. 

Malcolm Wright, Exec. Vice Pres., Michigan Federation of Teachers. 

Jim West, Exec. Sec'y, Ohio Communist Party. 

Jim Williams, Coordinator, Labor Today. 

Helen Winter, Communist Party, U.S.A. 

Charlotte Walker, Chicago Area Committee to Defend all Political Prisoners. 

Andrew Young, Member, U.S. Congress. 

Frank Zeidler Nat'l Chmn., Socialist Party/former Mayor of Milwaukee. 

Joan Zeiger, Field Worker, Project Involvement, Milwaukee. 

At this time, when the alleged involvement of our country in the affairs of for- 
eign lands is being hysterically denounced by the Communist Party, its allies, 
and willing dupes, I would ask my colleagues to examine carefully the aims of 
those same groups as they seek to reimpose a Marxist regime on the people of 
Chile. 



Exhibit No. 12 
[From the Alliance to End Repression] 

Reporting The Sept. 8 Council Meeting 

Attendance : 75 persons ; 47 organizations. 
Special Report on Alliance Officers (with biographical notes). 
Five Alliance officers were elected by acclamation. They are : 

chairman 

Rev. Jack Mendelsohn, Minister, First Unitarian Church of Chicago. Born in 
Cambridge, Mass., in 1918. Attended Boston University, Harvard University 
(graduate work), Meadville Theological Seminary— where also now serves as 
a faculty member. 

As senior minister of the historic Arlington Street Church of Boston (1959- 
1969), he developed new approaches to the role of an inner-city church which 
achieved national prominence. In October, 1967, the celebrated "Resistance serv- 
ice" was held, with Rev. Mendelsohn presiding, which resulted in the "conspiracy" 
to obstruct the draft charges against Dr. Spock, Rev. Coffin and others. 

Author of five books and numerous magazine articles ; advisor and personal 
friend of the late Adlai Stevenson ; member of campaign staff for Robert Ken- 
nedy. He has held leading positions in the fields of health, housing, & book pub- 
lishing; president of the Urban League of Greater Boston (1965-1968). Among 
his current positions in Chicago are Board membership of the Abraham Lincoln 
Center, the Chicago Memorial Association, and the Hyde Park-Kenwood Council 
of Churches & Synagogues. 

He is married to the former Joan Silverstone Hall, who is House Staff Coordi- 
nator of the University of Chicago Hospitals and Clinics. 

VICE-CHAIRMAN 

Thomas Poindexter, Coalition for United Community Action. Born in Chicago 
in 1933. Attended Corpus Christi Grammar School, Du Sable High School and the 
University of San Francisco. 

Served as Co-Chairman for Concerned Black Catholics ; Chairman of Concerned 
Black Christians and Black Christians Interested in Progress. Participated in the 
formation of the Coalition for United Community Action, and served as Assistant 
Coordinator. Has worked with Youth Teen Nations and other civic groups. 

He has been married for 15 years and has three children. 

VICE-CHAIRMAN 

Joan Hoffman, 57th Street Meeting of Friends. Attended Syracuse University 
(1964) ; Case Western Reserve University. Cleveland (Master's Degree, 1969). 
Specialized in social science, social work, Latin American affairs and journalism. 

Worked with Peace Corps in Columbia, South America ; the Community Rela- 
tions Commission, Oklahoma City ; the Student Health Project, Cleveland ; Syra- 
cuse University News Bureau. At present a family counselor for the Family 
Service Bureau of the United Charities. 



186 

TREASURER 

Norman Boyden, Chicago Chapter, Nat'l Association of Social Workers. Born 
in Newark, N.J. in 1930. Attended New York University, Los Angeles State 
College and Jane Addams (Graduate) School of Social Work. 

Has lived and worked in Chicago since 1961. Served as the westside Area Ad- 
ministrator of the Head Start Program of the Archdiocese of Chicago. Since 
April, 1970 has been the full time director of the Urban Crisis Program of the 
N.A.S.W. 

SECRETARY 

Tom Sardina, Lawndale Peoples Planning and Action Conference. Born and 
raised in Utiea, N.Y. Attended MaryknoU College Seminary in Glen EUyn, 111., 
Sought deeper social involvement after the assassination of Dr. M. L. King. 

Became volunteer community worker under the direction of Msgr. John Egan 
in Presentation Parish. Is now working as volunteer on staff of the Lawndale 
Peoples Planning and Action Conference, and taking night classes at Loyola Law 
School. 

NATIONAIi PRIORITIES TASK FORCE 

Sister Ann Seng and others reported on interviews with three Circuit Court 
judges regarding bail & other questions. Questionnaires have been sent to all 
judges. 

BAIL TASK FORCE 

Norman Boyden reported that the bail reform program is being implemented 
by sending observers to the bail courts. Despite Judge Boyles' claims to the con- 
trary, on-the-spot checks indicate that there is no ROR (Release on Recogni- 
zance) program. The presence of observers is having some noticeable effect on 
judicial conduct in addition to providing valuable data and may prove to be a 
strategic weapon for bail reform. 

URGENT ACTION 

More volunteer observers needed ! Call 427-4064 if interested. 

TASK FORCE ON LEGISLATION 

John Kearney reported on the special meeting with Congressman Abner Mikva, 
which was attended by over 40 persons. Mikva confirmed the conclusions in our 
Legislative Bulletin that the "crime bills'' contain many very dangerous provi- 
sions. He predicted that the Organized Crime Bill (S. 30) would be somewhat 
modified by Judiciary Committee amendments, but would probably pass over- 
whelmingly in the "law and order" hysteria — despite the fact that it is irrelevant 
to the breakdown of order. The House Internal Security Committee will report 
out some amendments to the Emergency Concentration Camp Act instead of the 
Senate approved repeal bill. The amendments are aimed at keeping the main 
features of the law intact. 

TASK FORCE ON POLICE-COMMUNITY PROBLEMS 

Tom Poindexter reported that a program will be developed to deal with the 
related problems of police repression and community security. An initial meet- 
ing on Sept. 22 was attended by some 30 persons. Exploratory discussion will be 
continued Sept. 29. 

ILL. SENATE-HOUSE COMMISSION TO INVESTIGATE CAMPUS DISORDERS 

Dale Gronemeier, a member of the Northern 111. University faculty, reported 
that the Commission is a major threat to academic freedom in public and private 
colleges and universities. Its chairman, Senator G. William Horsley (R.-Spring- 
field) has a record as a leading mccarthyite dating back to the infamous Broyles 
Bills. If campus "hearings" are held under his leadership, they could provoke 
serious confrontations ; draft legislation would atack teacher tenure and impose 
censorship, (details to be given in forthcoming Legislative Bulletin or call 
939-0675). 

ANNOUNCEMENTS 

A one-hour documentary film on Vietnam, with commentary by David Schoen- 
brun, is available for showings from Thirteenth Dist. Politics for Peace (call 
Dr. Neil Aronson, 677-5021). . . . Gay Guard, Kenwood Hi student, urged let- 



187 

ters to Dr. James W. Redmond, 228 N. LaSalle (60G01) protesting release of 
names of students to the 111. Crime Investigating Commission as alleged mem- 
bers of SDS, in violation of school regulations safeguarding privacy. 

Attend the Oct. 13 Council Meeting, First Unitarian Church, 5650 South 
Woodlavvn— at 7 :30 P.M. 

Exhibit No. 13 

[Prom The Alliance To End Repression, Oct. 23, 1973] 

A Call fob Impbi4.chment of the President 

October 23, 1973. 

Tlie President has created an unprecedented constitutional crisis. 

By firing Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and forcing the resignations of 
Attorney General Elliott Richardson and his deputy William Ruckelshaus, the 
President has terminated an independent investigation of the Watergate con- 
spiracy and related crimes, including possible bribery. In its stead, and in viola- 
tion of his commitment to Congress and the people, he has resurrected the farce 
of the executive branch of government investigating and prosecuting itself. 

He continues to assert that he is the sole judge of the scope of executive 
privilege, despite the contrary opinion of the federal courts. His agreement to 
submit portions of the Watergate tapes to the court has averted an immediate 
confrontation with a direct order of the court. But it has resolved none of the 
basic problems. 

The Alliance To End Repression, a coalition of organizations which share a 
common commitment to justice and liberty within the democratic process, is pro- 
foundly concerned by this challenge to "a government of laws." In our judgment 
the issue now goes to the root of the principle upon which the Republic was 
founded, as summed up in the words of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Dis- 
trict of Columbia (10/12/73) : 

"[The President] is not above the law's commands. Sovereignty remains at all 
times with the people, and they do not forfeit through elections the right to have 
the laws construed against and applied to every citizen." 

The current crisis is the culmination of a long series of conflicts with the 
Constitution, constituting multiple grounds for impeachment. Together, they 
reveal on the part of this Administration a consistent pattern of disregard and 
contempt for the Bill of Rights, the unique law-making powers of Congress, and 
the independence of the judiciary. Among these are : 

1. The President usurped the war-making powers of Congress, and re- 
peatedly invaded its legislative prerogatives by imijoundment of legally 
appropriated funds. 

2. On July 25, 1970, he personally approved the "Huston plan" for do- 
mestic political surveillance and espionage by such illegal methods as burg- 
lary, wire-tapping, mail covers and military spying on civilians. 

3. He and his aides employed the governmental powers of official agencies, 
including the FBI, IRS, and Secret Service, to harass dissenters and critics 
of his Administration. 

4. He and his aides interfered with a free press through the use of illegal 
wiretaps, FBI investigations and threats of criminal pro.secutions. 

5. He and his aides interfered with the right of peaceable assembly and 
protest, as in the illegal arrests of thousands of persons in Washington, 
DC on Mayday, 1971, and on other occasions. 

6. He established within the White House a personal secret police (the 
"plumbers") operating outside the restraints of the law, which engaged in 
criminal acts including burglaries, warrantless wiretaps, espionage and 
perjury. 

7. He and his aides caused the politically motivated and unjustified 
prosecutions of dissenters, and corrupted the constitutional function of 
grand juries to make them instruments of political surveillance and harass- 
ment. During the EUsberg trial, he and a principal aide offered the presiding 
judge a high federal post, and for a long period of time withheld from the 
court knowledge of the burglary of the office of EUsberg's psychiatrist. 

8. He and his aides interfered with and distorted the administration of 
justice through such acts as his efforts to limit the scope of the FBI investi- 



188 

gation of the Watergate break-in, and otherwise cover up the Watergate 
conspiracy. 

Until the present Administration, no United States President has so overtly 
and repeatedly flouted the Constitution. Thanks to the voluntary adherence of 
past Presidents to the legal process, impeachment has not been rai.sed as a serious 
question in more than a century. In breaking with this precedent. President 
Nixon has made the Presidency itself the central question. The founders of the 
Republic foresaw the possibility of such a constitutional crisis, and provided 
the means for its resolution through the provision for impeachment. 

Impeachment by the House of Representatives, which functions as an ex- 
traordinary grand jury, does not require proof of the President's commission of 
". . . . Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors," but only "probable 
cause" to warrant a trial before the Senate to resolve the issue of his guilt or 
innocence. The President has left us no alternatives other than to proceed with 
the process of impeachment, or to abandon the constitutional foundation and in- 
tegrity of this "government of the people, by the popple and for the people." 

We have endured as a nation for two centuries because the people have proved 
capable of surmounting the cataclysmic crises of the past. Today, especially 
because of the critical problems of domestic and foreign policy, the people must 
take the necessary steps to reestablish a responsible government worthy of pub- 
lic tru.st. The choice before us, in the words of the late Justice Hugo Black, 
is "whether we as a people will try fearfully and futilely to preserve Democracy 
by adopting totalitarian methods, or whether in accordance with our traditions 
and our Constitution, we will have the confidence and courage to be free." 

We do not doubt which choice will be made when the facts and issues are 
made clear. 

The Steering Committee of the Alliance To End Repression, a coalition of 
religious, community, civic and civil rights organizations, calls up our Repre- 
sentatives in the House to proceed forthwith with the process of impeachment 
of the President. 

We also urge Congress to act immediately to create the post of an independent 
prosecutor, not subject to executive branch authority or dismissal, to continue 
the investigation and prosecution of the Watergate and other Executive crimes 
and improprieties. 

Chairman: Rev. Jack Mendelsohn. First Unitarian Church of Chicago. 

Vice-chairmen: Rev. Robert Mueller, West Side Christian Parish; Barbara 
England, Wellington Avenue United Church of Christ. 

Secretary: Milton Cohen, Civil Liberties Commission at the Independent Voters 

of Illinois. . . , 

Treasury: Dr. Herbert Hazelkom, 10th Congressional District Politics for 

Peace. 

Executive coordinator: John J. Hill. 

Associate coordinator : Betty Plank. 

Steering Committee: Vance D. Archer III, Cook County special bail project; 
Tadeo Robert Camacho, Citizens Alert; Richard Criley, Chicago Committee to 
Defend the Bill of Rights; Pat Dodson, Citizen Alert: Betty Gallery, Illinois 
prisons and jails project ; Fred Click. American Jewish Congress ; Elyne Handler 
Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago ; Walter Herrs, Chicago Law Enforcement 
Stuuy (iroup ; Esther Herst, Legislative Commission ; Doris Hicks, Cook County 
special bail project; Julie Jacoby, Illinois prisons and jails project; Joseph 
Kestnbalm, Citizens Alert ; Val R. Klink, Civil Liberties Commission at the In- 
dependent Voters of Illinois; Rev. Francis J. McGrath, Citizens Alert; David 
Meade Alliance Publications ; Helen Mumm, Women's International League for 
Peace and Freedom ; Ed Schwartz, National Lawyers Guild ; Adelle Noren, United 
Methodist Board of Social Concerns ; Mary Powers, Winnetka Human Relations 
Committee; Harold Quigley, Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago; Francis 
Quinn Political Trials Task Force; Helen E. Ray, Citizens Alert; ^\ illiam 
Chapiro, Wilmette Human Relations Committee; Rev. Roland Sibrie, Sacred 
Heart Catholic Church ; Bobbette Zacharias, Media Committee. 



189 



Exhibit No. 14 



a 
z 

Ul April 8, 1975 



UJ 

f\ Dear Friend, 



^ The Fifth Anniversary of the Alliance to End Repression will 

~j be something to celebrate. The enclosed Progress Report de- 

I scribes some pf the continued expansion of Alliance programs; 

^ new projects such as the Citizens Conunittee on the Media, and 

older ones such as the Bail Project, 



UJ 



O 

X 

o 



% 

CM 



But the disclosure of documented information about infiltra- 
tion of civic groups by the Chicago Police Department has been 
the ncost dramatic event in our five-year history. 



^ The expose occurred as a result of extensive investigative 

|>i, research connected with our lav; suit which attacks illegal 

CNI Red Squad activities. To continue this effort and so many 

^ other Alliance projects takes not only the time of our staff 

C^ and volunteers but also the contributions of our many sup» 

CO porters. 

\S We urge you to be with us on April 26 to help celebrate, 

Jq (Reserve early because of the anticipated response.) If how» 

Q ever you cannot join us for this happy event, would you please 

{Q tear off the bottom of the Progiress Report, fill it out and 

return it with as large a check as you can. Your financial 
help is needed--much moro now in order to continue our suc- 
cesses . 



Sincerely, 



Herbert Hazelkorn, 
2 Finance Chairman 

LU 

st Chalrprrson: REV JACK MENDELSOHN. First Unilanan Chufch ol Chcago. Vlce-Chalrpetsons: FRANK McGRATH. Association of Chicigo 

■— ' Pnesis CEORIC RUSSELL, The Woodiawn Organization. SANTOS PEREZ. ArcMiocesan Latin American Committee: MARY POWERS. Winnei'a 

CQ Humar Relations Commiliee, Secretary: ALEXANDER DeVOLPL Concerned Argonne Scientists. Tre«surer: HELEN MUMM. Alliance Finance 

Comm tee Execuliva Coordinator: JOHN J HILL. Associate Coordinator: BETTY PLANK Steerlna Committee: RANDY ARCENAS Cook 

Z Counly Special Bail Froieci. PHlLiP e"AIL. Social Action Commiilee of KAM isa'ji lsr.i.?l Congcegalion. SH FiLEEN BURKE. Adrian Dominican 

Sisters. MILTON COHEN. National Afsociation of Social Workers— Cn:cago Crar:-:- RICHARD CRILEY, Cl rcago Comm.-iee lo Ooi»i'd inc B'll ol 

Rignia. SR JOANN CROWLEY. 6;n Dai- Center tor Justice. DAVID GUSHING. ijc;^v.esl Community Otgarujiion lor Pcacetul Eaualily. PEGGY 

DEPPE, First United MeincdisI Churcn ol Evanston L'MORDY GILES, KenwooC-OaHand Community O'ganizalion, RICHARD GUTMAN, C'''.".'ns 

Alert. DR HERBERT HAZELKORN. Tenth Congressional Dislncl Politics lor Peace, HANS LAGONl, V/ellmgion Avenue United Church ol Christ 

JOYCE MARCO. TMd Unitarian Church ol Chicago. RICHARD MENGES Alliancp Public Relations. JEANETTE MUSENGO. Chicago Conneclionj 

ADELE NOKEN. United Methodist Board ol Christian Social Concerns. Northern lllino.s Conference. LAWKcNCE PHILLIPS. Atro-American Faniil> 



i^ andCoiimunity Services FRANCIS OUINN. Hyde Park Peace Council. REV ROLAND SIBRIE. Sacred Heart Cai.holic Church. REV GEORGE SIKEb, 

^^ South Suburban Human Relations Council. RUBY WILFORO. Community olUnilcd People. EOBETTE ZACHARIAS. Citizens Committee on Ifie Mi'dia 



60-030 O - 75 - 11 



190 



ALLIANCE TO END REPRESSION 



APRIL 19 7 5 PROGRESS REPORT 



COUNCIL MEETING 



5th Anniversary April 8, 1975 at 7:45 P M 

Celebration the Second Tuesday 

Sat'y. April 26 at 22 E. Van Buren 



COUNCIL MEETING AGENDA... 

The "ued Squad'.' . . . The Alliance's historic March 20 public disclosure of documented 
information showing illegal infiltration of civic groups by the Chicago Police Depart- 
ment will be the main item--with current information about the Red Squad's documents, 
activities and style. Various documents from the Alliance's dossier will be circu- 
lated. A small sampling of such documents revealed five different "numbered" informants 
covering our meetings then relating their information 'on the street" to another per- 
son--on its way to "our file. 

FIFTH ANNIVERSARY DINNER... 

The headquarters of the ^Mliance opened with two staff April 1, 1970. On Saturday 
evening, April 26, 1975 we will begin celebrating our 5th anniversary with a supper 
and commemorative program at McGiffert House, 5751 S. Woodlawn. A buffet dinner 
begins at 6 P M. Congressman ualph Metcalfe has accepted our invitation to start the 
program with a keynote address about 7:00. A spoken history of the Alliance and its 
times-- 1970 to 1975--will be presented by a score of persons associated with Alliance 
programs over the years. 

Our 5-year history leads to an Alliance first--the presentation of an Alliance 
"Civil Freedoms" award to Rick Gutraan, our volunteer attorney who broke the Red 
Squad story--and by then, probably more of the story can be told. Twenty-nine 
year old . ick is an alumnus of Proviso E. st High, Harvard, U of Chicago, Peace 
Corps, Nader's Raiders and the ACLU. 

A record turn-out is expected and we must make reservations ahead. So to guarantee 
admission, please purchase your tickets ahead and early--by mail or at the Alliance 
office... or through your delegate to the Alliance. $6.50 Includes a roast beef dinner. 

RED SQUADEXPOSE... 

Rick Gutman, volunteer attorney for the Citizens Alert Project of the Alliance to 
End Repression, was the one who identified the Red Squad undercover agents and the 
names of the Chicago civic groups they had infiltrated. The information was turned 
over to CHICAGO DAILY NEWS reporters, Larry Green and Rob Warden, with the agreement 
the Alliance be given credit for uncovering the facts. 

The publicity aftermath was enormous, putting the Alliance's name on front pages for 
days. The WASHINGTON POST and NEWSWEEK, in telling the story, noted the Alliance's 
work against illegal surveillance. Local television carried interviews with Alliance 
representatives. WGN, WBBM and WLS provided the Alliance time to reply to their 
editorials. 

State Representative Joseph Lundy has introduced a bill in Springfield which, if 
enacted would require Police Departments to obtain authorization from a judge before 
Infiltrating an organization. A City Council meeting called to discuss the problem 
' was adjourned for lack of a quorum. 

A few law suits were filed in the wake of the news. Several organizations and 
individuals have asked to join the federal suit we have pending before Judge William 
Lynch. On our appeal from a court order which would have permitted the Police Depart- 
ment to destroy files on persons not named in our complaint, the Police Department 
Mas ordered, at least temporarily, to keep intact Intelligence Division files on 
all persons. 

Meanwhile criminal proceedings continue before a County Grand Jury. Charges of 
burglary and illegal wiretapping alleged in our federal law suit are being investi- 
gated by the State's Attorney's Office. Senators Percy and Stevenson have requested 

Alliance to End Repression * 22 E. Van Buren * Chicago, 111 60605 * (312) 427-4064 



191 



federal criminal investigation. This may be a touchy matter if newspaper stories 
that the FBI received stolen documents from the Red Squad prove to be true, 

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION BILL... 

The Alliance's Freedom of Information Bill, H R 452, introduced in Springfield last 
month by Representative Susan Catania and nine co-sponsors, is now being considered 
by the Executive Committee of the House of Representatives. John Huston, law student 
with our State Legislation Task Force, who drafted our bill, has testified that the 
need for such a bill is commonly felt by most people and organizations seeking 
public information and that the passage of such a bill is needed to bring the State 
of Illinois into line with procedures followed by federal agencies. 

The Executive Committee will vote on the bill on Thursday, April 10. Wire, phone or 
write your representative before then to ask his help for H. R. 452, the Freedom of 
Information Bill. Call us if you need names, addresses, etc. 

BAIL LEGISLATION... 

Fortunately most of the proposed revisions in the bail statutes have died in committee. 
However, H B 422, sponsored by Brian Duff has passed out of committee. This bill 
advocates bon** revocation and holding accused without bond while additional proceedings 
are begun. Contact your legislators and urge them to oppose this bill; immediate 
action is needed. For additional information, call Judi McArdle, 427-4064. 

CITIZENS COMMITTEE ON THE MEDIA... 

Participants in last month's CCOM conference on "air titre" were enthusiastic about 
coming together again — this tiice for a more extensive exploring of the print media. 
Carolyn Toll, CHICAGO SUN TIMES reporter who spoke at the conference, has arranged 
to conduct her Loop College Adult Education seminar at the Alliance headquarters 
for our convenience. The six-session, 5:30 to 7:30 Monday evening seminar will 
start April 21. Topics will include basic publicity skills for community groups, 
press releases, press conferences. There will be informal sessions with media 
people, in addition to Ms Toll, discussing why certain community issues are not 
covered the way people would like them to be. We will explore Community- Press 
Councils as a way of closing the gap between members of the community and their com- 
munities' media. Materials will be provided in the total fee of $5. There is a 
condition; for Loop College to offer this--a minimum of 15 registrants paying their 
$5- each the first evening. If all who signed up at the March conference can make 
this time, we will be assured of the full seminar. It will assure us--if you will 
let us know ahead you will be here 4/21 evening. Loop College gives one community 
credit for the course. Bring a sandwich; the Alliance will provide the coffee. 

COOK COUNTY SPECIAL BAIL PROJECT... 

Bail continues to expand. An additional staff person will be hired to help with 
Weekday Court. Resumes should be mailed to CCSBP, 22 E. Van Buren. Job description 
is available on request. And of course, volunteers always needed 7 days a week. 

CALENDAR ITEMS . . . The Second Thursday, April 10 Citizens Alert delegation to 
the monthly Police Board Meeting; call Ruth Wells here. State Legislative Task Force: 
1st and 3rd Mondays at 4:30. Gay Rights Task Force--Monday April 28 at 5:30 PM-- 
on the new City Council and amendments to city codes and an employment thrust. 

ALLIANCE FINANCES ...a reminder of our needing you . . . 

Many organizations sent in their annual affiliation contribution the first quarter-- 

many m.ore still due and needed. Individuals may "join" as "supporting members" 

at a $10 minimum yearly contribution--thus receiving these monthly Progress Reports, 

membership card--and a soon- to-be-published more extensive "Open Letter." Monthly 

or regular "pledges" are automatically supporting members. Please join us. 4/3/75 



Name . . 
Address 



Phones 



(zip) 



Organization, if any 

I pledge a monthly contribution of $ till I give notice. 

I would like to be a "supporting member"-- $ enclosed. 

Am enclosing $ for tickets ($6.50 each) for April 26 Supper. 

Though I cannot attend the Supper Celebration, am enclosing $ . 



192 



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194 

Exhibit No. 17 
[From Dally World, Dec. 10, 1970] 
Hundreds at Midwest Tribute to Gus Haxl 

Chicago, Dec. 9 — "What has happened to capitalism in the short 60 years of my 
life is tremendous." 

With these words, Gus Hall, General Secretary of the Communist Party, greeted 
the hundreds of people from Chicago and the Midwest who overflowed the 60th 
Birthday Banquet given in his honor last Sunday. 

"In 1910, the year of my birth," said 'Hall, "U.S. capitalism was getting ready 
for the period of its greatest expansion . . . but today its option to exist without a 
crisis is closed forever . . . New options are opening for the people. The great 
option is socialism." 

Communists and non-Communists jammed the Presidential Ballroom of the 
Midland Hotel, coming from as far away as Hall's home state of Minnesota. 

Chicago Alderman A. A. (Sammy) Rayner opened the program, saying, "Gus 
Hall vehemently detests hypocrisy, liars and tyranny ; so do I, and that's why I'm 
here today to welcome Gus to Chicago." 

Among those present were Claude Lightfoot, co-chairman of the CP's Black 
Liberation Commission and Chairman of the CP of Illinois ; Fr. John Hill, chair- 
man of the Chicago Alliance to End Repression ; Tommy Dennis, chairman of the 
Michigan CP ; Judy Edelman and Roque Ristorucci, national leaders of the 
Young Workers Liberation League and delegations from Minnesota, Indiana, 
Wisconsin, and St. Louis. 

Ishmael Flory, Director of the African American Heritage Association, was 
minister of ceremonies. 

Much of the banquet focused on the struggle for the freedom of Angela Davis. 

Thomas Curtis, executive secretary of the Chicago-Midwest Committee to Free 
Angela Davis, read a telegram to Miss Davis that declared : 

"We assure you that no stone will be left unturned until we have defeated the 
frame-up charges machinated against you by the racist, rightist big business cabal, 
fronted for by Nixon, Agnew and Reagan, for we view the assault upon you as a 
frame-up of the U.S. working class. Black people, and the democratic forces 
throughout the world." 

Two poems to Angela Davis were read by Lyn Bacchetti, a YWLL member. 

Curtis also presented telegrams of support to Cesar Chavez, imprisoned leader 
of the farmworkers, and Bobby Seale, chairman of the Black Panther Party, 
framed on a murder charge in Connecticut. 

Anita Satsifield and the Labor Saving Device gave a performance of folk and 
labor songs, and Helen Mackie of Minnesota also played several pieces on the 
piano. 



Exhibit No. 18 

[Prom Daily World, Oct. 28, 1971] 
Tribute to Patterson Draws a Wide Array 
(By Ted Pearson) 

Chicago, Oct. 27 — The Presidential Ballroom of the Midland Hotel was packed 
with more than 400 people last Friday to mark the 80th birthday of William L. 
Patterson, the man who rocked the world with his charge of genocide against 
the U.S. imperialists. 

Spokesmen for the committee sponsoring the banquet told the Daily World 
that many who had delayed in getting reservations had to be turned away. 

Veterans of the working class movement said they could not remember an 
occasion bringing together such a broad spectrum of workers, trade unionists and 
professionals, in a tribute to a Communist leader. 

galaxt of leaders 

Sharing the head table with Patterson and his wife, Louise Thompson Patter- 
son, were Ishmael Flory, master of ceremonies and chairman of the Banquet 
Committee ; Henry Winston, chairman of the Communist Party ; Claude Light- 
foot and Arnold Johnson, CP leaders : Mrs. Sallye Davis, mother of Angela 
Davis ; Pearl Hart, civil liberties attorney ; Rev. John Hill, chairman of the 



195 

Alliance to End Repression ; Ernest DeMaio, director of District 11 of the Uni- 
ted Electrical Workers; Jack Kling, secretary of the lUiuois CI* ; Lynu Stinnette, 
Illinois chairman of the Young Workers Liberation League, and Betty Smith and 
Tommy Dennis, who led delegations from Minnesota and Michigan respectively. 

IN THE AUDIENCE 

In the audience was Jesse Hilton, who this year celebrated his 100th birthday. 

Others included Dr. Queutin Young, president of the Medical Committee for 
Human Rights, Sylvia Woods, chairman of the Chicago Committee to Free 
Angela Davis ; Fr. William Hogan, chairman of the Clergy and Laymen Con- 
cerned, and Obed Lopez, a leader of the Latin-American Defense Organization. 

Also present were Nick and Virginia Jones, and Roberto Acuna of the United 
Farmworkers, and Sylvia Kushner, executive secretary of the Chicago Peace 
Council. 

And so the list went on. They came from St. Louis, Indiana and Wisconsin. 

GREETINGS FROM ABROAD 

Greetings poured in from all over the world. They included a greeting from 
James Forest on behalf of the World Peace Council in Helsinki, from William 
Kashtan on behalf of the Communist Party of Canada, and from Detroit Judge 
George Crockett, Jr. 

Songs were provided by folk singer Wynn Stracke of Chicago. 

Artist Peggy Lipschutz presented a "chalk talk" depictine Patterson's life 
with songs by Anita Satisfield and Dan Mack. 

Mrs. Sallye Davis told the audience, "My family has experienced in a very real 
way the impact of this man, William L. Patterson. We will never forget how 
tenaciously you have worked in Angela's behalf, and in behalf of all political 
prisoners everywhere." 

ANGELA PETITIONS SIGNED 

Every speaker urged the freedom of Angela Davis, the Black Communist 
woman who has been kept in virtual solitary confinement for over a year await- 
ing trial on a racist frame-up. Petitions demanding that Illinois Senators Charles 
Percy and Adlai Stevenson publicly demand the intervention of President Nixon 
for her immediate release on bail were circulated among those present. 

Sen. Percy ought to have gotten the message, for the next day he shared the 
platform of' Operation * * * spoke to more than 2,000 people, following her 
appearance on radio with Louise Patterson, chairwoman of the East Coast 
Committee to Free Angela Davis. 

Lightfoot, speaking on behalf of the CP national committee, paid tribute to 
Patterson as a "man who has been able to lead in all seasons." 

He cited the cases of Sacco and Vanzetti, Scottsboro, Trenton, Angelo Herndon, 
Warren Billings, Tom Mooney and Angela Davis. 

As one of many emerging Black intellectuals of his time, said Lightfoot, it was 
Patterson's identification with the working class and the Communist Party that 
enabled him to tower among so many men and women of his generation. 

Patterson, in his speech, hailed the Communist Party and the science of 
socialism that helped him in his struggle. 

Among the many gifts received by Patterson was a small handmade chest with 
a sculptured clenched fist on its cover, made by Lester W^ickstrom and artist 
Robert Jones. Other gifts included a hand-turned gavel made by an auto worker, 
and a gold pin and signed greeting from the United Farmworkers of America. 

"I look forward," Patterson told the audience, "to another dinner, in another 
20 years, and I am confident that it will be held in a socialist United States." 



196 



Exhibit No. 19 



Repression 



170 



Prepared by the 
Chicago Committee on National Priorities 
% Alliance to End Repression 

ItSI S. Dearborn #1126 

Chicago, Illinois 60605 

1(27-'^ 



197 



mTtic BLACK coMHUNtry 

TMt BLACK PANWER PAftTrf 

has since May 6, 1967, experienced the following In the United States: 

3'* raids on Panther offices and homes, with equipment smashed, food 
and medicines destroyed, money taken 

20 Panthers kl 1 led 

27'* arrests, charges from "spitting on the sidewalk" to "murder;" 

of these I80 resulted In dismissals, acqultals, or two days in jail. 

In Chicago alone , since December 12, 1968, they have experienced: 

4 raids on offices and homes, the last resulting In the death of 
Fred Hampton and Mark Clark 

5 Panthers killed, including the above 

I't'i arrests (Fred Hampton was arrested three times); of these, 26 cases 
resulted In dismissals, acqultals, or a day In jail. 

(This data Is based on actual count of cases presented by Attorney Charles 
Gary to the Congressmen here for the hearing on the Hampton murder.) 

7asr htmcr black 

Every week, some Black youth Is killed by the police; for example: 

January 8, 1969 - Floyd McDaniels , 13 years old, shot by policeman John 

Montgomery, who claimed the boy pulled a knife. "Justifiable homicide" 

November 11, I969 - Steven Dixon , 18 years ol<i, released after questioning, 
killed as he walked away. 

October 5, '969 - John Soto , 16 years old, shot by Thomas F. Nolan during 
a St rugg 1 e--cause of struggle not stated. 

October 9, '969 - Michael Soto , brother of John, home from Vietnam on com- 
passionate leave to attend his brother's funeral, shot by Robert Rahm 
wh.1 1 e being questioned about a mugging. The inquest on these two cases 
repeatedly adjourned; finally judged "justifiable homicide." 

Septenber 14, I969 - James Hoy . 17 years old, shot by Byron Uppling as he 
stopped with hands up after ordered to do so by the officer. 

June 4, 1968 - Ronald Nelson , 19 years of age, shot In the back by Richard 
Nuccio in an alley opposite Wrigley Field. 

That a national campaign against the Black Panther Party is being carried out 
by federal law enforcement agencies was given further substantiation by the 
refusal of Mayor Wes Uhlman of Seattle to cooperate with an "information 
gatherlne" raid on Panther headquarters in that city. He said such raids 
snack of "Gestapo- type" tactics. 

(All above inforrnation fr^fcthe Chicago Sun-Tines.) 



198 



mtP^ts Tc U)W0\3' conmmri' 



TMC CdM&^|RK» 



The Anti-riot Bill, passed specifically to "get" Black leaders Stolcely Carmichael 
and Rapp Brown, was used first to sentence five white peace leaders to five years 
in jaii pius $10,000 fine and cost of $'(2,000. Two others and two attorneys were 
given sentences ranging from six months to four years for "contempt," because they 
protested the obviously biased decisions of the judge. This anti-riot law makes 
it a crime to cross state lines with intent to create a riot. How does one 
judge intent? 



UitMAZfiHlH 



However much one must deplore the actions of the Weatherman Faction, the reaction 
of police and courts has been far beyond the seriousness of the act committed. 
Bond of $100,000 for Brian Flanagan, $20,000 and up for others — while convicted 
gangsters are freed on $2,000 bond. The unprecedented report of the Grand Jury, 
recommending more police spying, more investigations of "communistic" ideas, 
more rapid sentencing of "subversive" elements, is an invitation to go back to 
the McCarthy era. 



Bill of Rt&HT$ 7 



it has now been established that the U.S. Army is collecting and filing informa- 
tion on thousands of Americans who, in the opinion of the command officials, 
might cause "trouble for the army." This includes members of the NAACP, the 
ACLU, Women Strike for Peace, Mrs. Martin Luther King, Jr., Georgia State Rep- 
resentative Julian Bond. Reports that the files have been discontinued have 
been found to be untrue. 

New Post Office regulations authorize the opening of all mail from overseas at 
the discretion of any postal clerk who thinks "it looks suspicious." 

Alderman Sammy Rayner, recently defeated for Congress and involved in many 
activities for the betterment of the Bl-ack community, is under close surveil- 
lance by the Chicago Police Department Red Squad. Members of peace organiza- 
tions are well aware that the Red Squad is present at all peace meetings, 
rallies, and parades, where numerous pictures are taken of the participants. 

The Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare has notified 
supervisors to report to him the names of all subordinates who were present 
at the anti-war meeting in Washington on November 15. 

Dum-dum bullets, outlawed for use in warfare, are being used by some federal 
agencies and hundreds of police departments. Although the Chicago Police 
Department does not issue dum-dums, it does not object if policemen use them. 
Mr. Jurras, a manufacturer of dum-dums has estimated that half the members of 
the Chicago Police Department and half of the Cook Coutny Sheriff's Department 
carry dum-dum bullets. 



199 



AM» 0tC9MtKli Trie SANSON 

cr LAUI. 



The Defense Facilities and Industrial Security Act of 1970, passed by the 
House of Representatives and ready to go to the Senate, entitles the Secretary 
of Defense to restrict certain undefined individuals from working in any place 
related in any way to defense. This could include colleges doing research 
or any place having government contracts. The individual so restricted would 
not have the right to confront his accuser. 

The "No-Knock" Drug Bill, which has passed the Senate, would permit the police 
to enter a home without prior announcement of who they are, if they "had reason 
to believe" that the occupant might destroy evidence of possession of drugs if 
he knew the police were there. This opens up the possibility of unlimited 
abuse. The Committee for Effective Drug Abuse Legislation has charged that 
under the bill "the long arm of the attorney general would reach into every man's 
bathroom medicine cabinet." 

The "Preventive Detention" bill for the District of Columbia is Senator Tyding's 
way of maneuvering to start a ball rolling, because Senator Sam Ervin will not 
permit S.2600, which applies to all persons accused of committing a federal 
crime, to get out of his committee. Senator Ervin says the bill "smacks of 
a police state." Both bills would permit a person charged with committing a 
violent felony to be imprisoned for 30 days prior to trial if there is a "sub- 
stantial likelihood" that if he were released he might commit certain felonies. 
The Bail Reform Act of 1966 establishes that a man accused of a crime must be 
released on bail unless there is a probability that he will flee the jurisdic- 
tion of the court. 

In the New York trial of the Panthers, Judge Murtagh has decreed that the trial 
will not go on until the Panthers sign a pledge of good 'behavior in the court 
room, to "abide by the American system of justice." The Panthers have no in- 
tention of signing such a statement because, as they point out in a 2'(-page 
statement, "the American system of justice". is a hideous sham and a revolting 
farce as far as the poor people, both Black and white, are concerned. If Judge 
Murtagh is allowed to uphold his decree, the Panthers can be in jail, without 
a trial, for the rest of their lives. 

On February 2*), Judge Edwin Robson in Chicago ordered that the Chicago 15 and 
their counsel shall "make or issue no statements, written or oral, either at a 
public meeting or occasion, or for public reporting or dissemination in any 
fashion, regarding the jury or jurors in this case, prospective or selected, 
the merits of the case, the evidence, actual or ant i cipated , the witnesses or 
the rulings of the court." 

The Nixon Administration, through Attorney General Mitchell, has asked for 
legislation to force suspects to submit to identification tests such as finger 
prints and blood and saliva specimensto determine if they should be charged 
with federal crimes. This is in answer to a Supreme Court decision last month 
that it is unconstitutional to require finger printing of suspects and then 
match the fingerprints with evidence of the crime. 

"THERE IS ONE CHOICE WE CANNOT MAKE, WE ARE INCAPABLE OF MAKING, WE WILL NOT 
CHOOSE THE PATH OF SUBMISSION" - Woodrow Wilson, about Fascism, as quoted in 
the Panther 21 statement to Judge Murtagh. 



200 



Exhibit No. 20 



II Illinois Committee for a Fair Ballot 



■^31 ^^"^■■^-- ^-^^i^'--^^^^"!.' :*:iicaso  ' ■: -- "oo. 112" I 641-0147 

 INTERIM chairman: ALDERMAN a. a. rr^xmi") rayner i SECRETARY: jaket" caittrick 



No, 



aP05B0RS 

Oharlott« A4«lar_-:, Attorney 

Ullllaa But*, AaerlcAD 7*d«r- 
atlon of Stntt, County A 
fhinlclp*! a^-loyeai 

elly CoaD«ll7. Clilcafco UoH«na 
^Iberatloo Slon 

Sicharrt Crllav, Coaaitt** to 
DAfcn.l th« Pill of Rlgihta 

.'rhr Hill, Alllnrc*! to Tbi 
K^proaslon 

lUrashl I&nno, •T3pfm«»«-l«0rlean 
"Iti :•-« laa-me 

»'chr K^am^r, ?rieadehlp Hcuae 

o'.dreT Zj^-s. ^>v J'eMllratlOB 

Curtla MacDougftll. Northwestern 
"University Lav School 

Ted Pearson, Cor^nmlat Party 

LlDda Shepherd, ?.-:lallit WorkarB 
Party 

Ted Stem, Chlc.vTO U«»: D*{»tif 
CoDBlttee 



Stuie Torksl , 



liio tJoBBeDtatctr, 



-'ir-.^r •I'.llarp, InJe^endeat 
'-■-:-- rf PjM'.c Aia bployeee 



Sabbi Amcld Jacob Wolf, 
Congregation Bolel 



(.orgasltatloaa Hated for 14«Ati* 

ficetloD purpoeea only) 



August 10, 1970 
For further Information 
contact: Janet Cantrlck 
641-014? 



FOR IMMEPIATE RELEASE 
ATTENT:^Ot.': City Desk 

THREE JUDGE PANEL TO HEAR ELECTION LAWSUIT 
WEDNESDAY "■ 

SUIT BY SOCIALIST WORKERS PARTY TO BE JUDGED 



A three federal Judge court has been con- 
vened for Wednesday, August 13, 1970, to assess 
the merits of a suit by the Socialist Workers 
Party, "sphallenglng the constitutionality of 
three discriminatory provisions of the Illinois 
election law. The three provisions refer to the 
"loy.ilty" oath, which is mandatory for all 
candidates, the distribution requirements on 
collectlnj;: signatures for Independant candidates, 
and the provision restricting primary voters 
from signing Independant nominating petitions. 



IVie three Judge panel cor.sists of Judges Will and Parsons from 
the U.S. District Court and Judge Swelgert from the 7th Circuit 
Court of Appeals. The case will bo argued by attorney Val Kllnk, 
of the j\nerlcan Civil Liberties Union. 

The case will be heard at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday in Judge Will's 
courtroom in the Federal Building. 



Etro 



201 



Exhibit No. 21 



-RALLY AND MARCH ~ 

END POLICE SPYING 
& POLICE HARASSMENT! 

ABOLISH THE RED SQUAD! 



JOIN US! 

(Partial List) 

ALLIANCE TO END 
REPRESSION 

OPERATION PUSH 

CHICAGO TOMORROW 

SOCIALIST WORKERS 
PARTY 

WOMEN FOR PEACE 

CITIZENS FOR A 

BETTER ENVIRONMENT 

COMMUNIST PARTY, USA 

STATEVILLE ELEVEN 

NEW AMERICAN MOVEMENT 

YOUNG SOCIALIST ALLIANCE 

SURGE 

GRAY PANTHERS 




Boss Daley and Chief Rochford claim that 
police spies are necessary to protect us 
from "subversives." 

But they are the real subversives. Police 
Department spying, harassment, wiretaps, 
infiltration of citizens' groups, and 
"Mission Impossible" gsimes subvert democratic 
rights and poison our political life. 

DEMONSTRATE AGAINST THE RED SQUAD! HEAR 
RICHARD NEWHOUSE, STUDS TERKEL. AND OTHERS 
SPEAK! JOIN THIS FESTIVAL TO DEFEND YOUR 
RIGHTS! 



SATURDAY-APRIL 19- 1 pm-CMC CENTER 
MARCH TO 11**^ & STATE. CPO H.Q. 



For further information, call 373-3366 or 953-0931 



INDEX 



Note. — The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee attaches no significance 
to the mere fact of the appearance of the name of an individual or an organiza- 
tion in this index. 

A 

Page 
"A Democratic Society, or a Police State in America, Which Shall It Be?" 

(brochure) 108, 109, 114 

Abraham Lincoln Center 185 

Abt, John 181 

Abzug, Congresswoman Bella 178 

Action for Survival 83 

Acuna, Roberto 195 

Adams, Rev. John P 124,135 

Addams, Geno 75, 129 

Adelman, Charlotte 200 

Adrian Dominican Sisters Social Concerns Committee 70, 174 

African American Heritage Association 194 

Afro-American Family and Community Service 174 

Afro-American Patrolmen League 119, 121, 172, 173 

AFSC 96 

Agnew, Spiro 194 

Ahmad, Eqbal 89, 94 

Alexian Brothers 97 

Alliance to End Repression 57-60, 

62-68, 71, 72, 74-80, 82-87, 89, 95, 96, 100-102, 104-106, 108-113, 
117-138, 141, 145-148, 151, 165, 168, 171-173, 175, 177, 185, 187-192, 
195, 196, 200, 201 

Affiliated member organizations (list) 70 

Contributors to (table) 134 

Progress report 74 

Steering committees (lists) 105,172-174,188,189 

Alliance Open Letter (publication) 85,86,105,177 

Alliance Police-Community Problems Task Force 105, 177 

Amalgamated Meatcutters 181 

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) 62, 

64, 76, 91, 105, 116, 125, 173, 190, 198, 200 

American Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born 107, 

145, 146, 150, 192, 193 

Sponsors (list) 150 

American Federation of State, Coimty and Municipal Employees 200 

American Indian Center 83 

American Jewish Congress 105 

American Legion 146 

American Youth Congress 146 

Anglin, Frank A., Jr 151 

Appelhans, Lynda 59 

Appelhans, Margaret 59 

Aptheker, Herbert 170, 171, 181 

Arcenas, Randy 78, 174 

Archdiocesan Latin American Committee 76, 174 

Archer, Vance D., Ill 82, 83, 105, 173 

Arlington Heights Human Relations Committee 134 

Armitage Avenue United Methodist Church 106 

Aronson, Dr. Neil 186 

Aspin, Congressman Les 178 

(I) 



II 

Association of Black Social Workers 70 

Association of Chicago Priests 174 

Association of Chiefs of Police 124 

Association of Priests 87 

B 

Bacchetti, Lyn 1^ 

Bail Task Force 58,88 

Baird, Rev. William 106, 145-147, 150, 151, 167, 168, 193 

Ball, Rev. Frederick E 168 

Ball, Rev. Lee H 150,168 

Bannon, W. H 96, 97 

Banta, AVilliam 200 

Barna, MeMn 75, 130 

Barth, Karl 107, 168 

Bassett, Henry 83 

Baustin, JoAnn 83 

Beach, Robert F 168 

Beaver 55 97, 99 

Becchetti, Arnold 59 

Bender, William 80 

Benford, Clare 83 

Bensinger, Peter 172 

Berrien, Lucille 181 

Berrigan 89 

Berrigau, Daniel 97, 99 

Berrigan, Philip 94, 97 

Beverly, Leon 59 

Black P Stone Nation 118 

Black Panther Party 96, 157, 194, 197 

Black Panthers 80, 119, 173, 199 

Black Liberation Commission 59, 147, 194 

Blair, Fred 181 

Bond, Julian 198 

Bow, Gene Bear 82 

Boyden, Norman 82, 87, 88, 105, 173, 177, 186 

Boyle, Judge 88, 186 

Braden, Anne 167, 181 

Braden, Carl 167, 181 

Bradley University 146 

Brail, Dick 78 

Brail, Phil 174 

Brandt, Joseph 181 

Brown, Archie 181 

Brown, Rapp 198 

Burke. Sister Eileen 174 

Burton, Representative Phillip 175 

Busch, Harry 79 

C 

CADRE 96 

Cahill 123 

California ; 113 

California, University of 92, 170 

Cannon, James 141 

Oantrick, Janet 200 

Carey 82 

Carey, Bernard 119, 122, 173 

Carmichael, Stokely 198 

Carswell, Judge 87, 104 

Casey 126 

Cassandra 123 

Cassius, Karen 175 

Castro, Fidel 169, 180 

Catania, Susan 65, 75, 191 



Ill 

Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago 91, 177 

Catholic War Veterans of U.S.A. ( St. Martin de Porres Post 1854) 70 

Caulfield. Barbara 119 

Cawley, Arthur 123 

Celler, Representative Emanuel 116 

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 180 

Chaniberliu, Rev. Mark A 150 

Chase, Fred 98 

Chavez, Cesar 194 

Chevrier, Rev. David C 105, 173, 177 

Chicago 41, 

43-47, 51-55, 58, 61, 80, 87, 97, 99, 113, 118, 119, 124, 125, 127, 132, 

134, 138, 140, 179, 194, 195, 197, 199 
Police Department -, 41-45, 

49, 51-53, 69, 71, 72, 75, 76, 107, 119, 124, 127, 129-131, 138, 139, 141, 

149, 172, 189, 190, 198 

Headquarters 62 

Intelligence Division 57, 66, 75 

Internal Affairs Division (IAD) 118 

Police Board 65, 71, 105, 119-122, 124-126, 172, 191 

Red Squad 64, 

71, 75, 76, 79, 104, 119, 122, 123, 125, 127, 129, 130, 137, 138, 148, 149, 

174, 190, 198, 201 

Chicago 7 56 

Chicago 15 98, 111, 199 

Chicago 15 Defense Committee 98 

Chicago Area Fellowship for Renewal 70, 134 

Chicago Area Unitarian Universalist Council 70 

Chicago Bar Association 91 

Chicago Committee To Defend the Bill of Rights 58, 

67, 68, 70, 90, 105, 107, 117, 118, 122, 123, 134, 145-147, 151, 174, 177, 

178, 192, 193, 200 

Advisory Council (list) 151 

Board of Directors (list) 151 

Chicago Committee to Defend Democratic Rights 145 

Chicago Committee on National Priorities 134, 196 

Chicago Committee to Save Lives in Chile 180 

Chicago Connections 70, 174 

Chicago-Cook County Criminal Justice Commission 81 

Chicago Council of Lawyers 91 

Chicago Daily News (newspaper) _ 61-64, 75, 77-79, 104, 105, 130, 137, 146, 168, 190 

Chicago Disciples Union 70 

Chicago Fair Play for Cuba Committee 146, 168, 169 

Chicago Heights Unitarian Universalist Community Church 70 

Chicago Lawyers Guild 91 

Chicago Legal Assistance Association 121 

Chicago Memorial Association 185 

Chicago-Midwest Committee to Free Angela Davis 194, 195 

Chicago Peace Council 70, 105, 147, 177-179, 192, 193,195 

Chicago State University 173 

Chicago Sun Times (newspaper) 65, 91, 96, 102, 105, 123, 175, 191, 197 

Chicago Theological Seminary 173 

Chicago Today (publication) 105 

Chicago Tomorrow 201 

Chicago Tribune (newspaper) 63, 105, 107, 147, 168, 175 

Chicago, University of 64, 83, 91 

Divinity school 96 

Chicago Urban League 123 

Chicago Womens' Liberation Union 200 

Chile 180 

Christian Century (magazine) 96 

CIO packinghouse workers 170 

Citizens Action Program (CAP) 75,130 

Citizens Alert 64, 

65, 69, 73-76, 119-122, 124-127, 130, 134-137, 172, 174, 175, 190, 191 
Citizens for a Better Environment 201 



60-030 O - 75 - 12 



IV 

Citizens Committee on tlie Media (CCOM) 65, 76, 174, 191 

Citizens Committee to Preserve American Freedoms 144 

Civil Liberties Commission of the Independent Voters of Illinois 105, 171, 177 

Civil Service Commission 75, 76, 114, 118-120, 122, 123, 172 

Clark, Mark 87, 91, 104, 111, 197 

Clark, Ramsey 100, 116 

Clergy and laymen concerned 107, 195 

CNA Corporate Responsibility Division 69 

Coalition for United Community Action 111, 185 

Coffin, William 94, 185 

Cohen, Milton 58, 

68, 75, 83, 105, 120, 123, 129, 146, 148, 151, 171, 173, 174, 188, 193 

Commager, Henry Steele 102, 154 

Committee Against Nazism and Fascism 134 

Committee for Defense Against Terrorist Attacks 168 

Committee for Effective Drug Abuse Legislation 199 

Committee on Illinois Government 91 

Communist 107 

Communist Party 42, 57-60, 67, 92, 93, 95, 143-148, 157, 180, 181, 192-195, 200 

Canada 195 

Illinois 59 

United States (CPUSA 59, 127, 143-149, 180, 181, 201 

Public appearances of party leaders on campuses, school year 

1968-69 (list) 170, 171 

Community Christian Church of Chicago 70 

Community of United People (of Holy Family Catholic Church) 70 

Community of United People 174 

Concerned Argonne scientists 70, 134, 174 

Concerned Citizens for Police Reform 121 

Concordia Teachers College 180 

Congregation Solel 200 

Religious Action Committee — Highland Park 70 

Congressional Record 141, 147, 158, 180 

Conlisk 91 

Connelly, Polly 200 

Conspiracy Seven 55, 56 

Conyers, Representative John, Jr ^ 116, 159 

Cook County 104, 111 

Grand jury 47, 62, 65 

Criminal Justice Commission 133 

Sheriff's department 198 

Cook County Bar Association 83, 91 

Cook County Special Bail Project (CCSBP) 65, 

69, 72, 76, 81, 82, 88, 105, 120, 132, 136, 137, 174-177, 191 

Corona, Bert- 181 

Coroner's Inquest Task Force 105 

Countryman, Vem 167 

Countryside Unitarian Universalist Fellowship 70, 134 

Cox. Archibald 123 

Crane. Sylvia E 167 

Criley, Florence 169 

Criley, Richard L 58, 59, 67, 78, 90, 105, 117, 119, 120, 122, 123, 125, 126, 

130, 134, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 167, 169-174, 177, 178, 188, 193, 200 

Crockett, Judge George, Jr 195 

Cross, Rev. Thomas 105, 173 

Crowley. Sister Joann 78, 174 

Cuba 66 

Cummins, Mary 83 

Cummins, Robert 82 

Curtis, Thomas 194 

Gushing, David B 41, 61, 62, 77, 78, 83 

Testimony of 131-141 

D 

Daily Defender (publication 104, 105 

Daily World (newspaper) 59,147,194 



Daley, Mayor Richard J 62, 79, 201 

Dart 43, 44 

Davis, Angela 89, 92-84, 107, 147, 168, 181, 182, 194, 195 

Davis, Reuuard 56 

Davis, Mrs. Sallye (Sally) 59,147,194,195 

Days of Rage 47 

Dellinger. David 56 

Dellums, Coug. Ronald V 182 

DeMaio. Ernest M 59, 147, 151, 181 

Democratic Convention 114 

Democratic National Committee Headquarters 114 

Democratic Party 120 

Democratic Platfoi^n Committee 114 

Democratic Study Group (DSG) 115 

Deninus, Tommy 147 

Dennis, Tommy 59, 194, 195 

DePaul University 91 

Deppe, Rev. Martin L 59, 

67, 69, 105, 106, 108, 146-148, 151, 168, 173, 177, 193 

Deppe, Peggy 174 

DeVictor, Maude E 105, 173 

DeVois, DeLake June 66 

DeVolpi, Alexander 174, 189 

Dickerson, Earl B 151 

Diskin, Louis 170 

District of Columbia Committee for the Bill of Rights 42 

Dixon, Steven 197 

Donner, Michael 97 

Domeker, Eugene 41, 137 

Testimony of 57-106, 141 

Douglas, Justice William O 153 

Dow Chemical Co 97 

Drinan, Cong. Robert 115, 173 

Drug and Hospital Workers 181 

Duff, Brian 65, 191 

Dunne, George 172 

Durkin, William A 98 

E 

East Coast Committee to Free Angela Davis 195 

East Garfield Park Joint Planning Committee 105 

Edelman, Judy 194 

Eisenscher, Michael 171 

Ellsberg 187 

Emergency Civil Liberties Committee 144, 145 

Emerson, Thomas I 158 

Emma I^zarus Jevt'ish Women's Club 70, 181 

England, Barbara 171, 188 

Equal Employment Opportunities Commission 125 

Ervin. Senator Sam 199 

Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago 70, 105, 134, 173, 177 

Evanston Ecumenical Action Council 70 

F 

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 42,45,93,114,144,148,187 

Federal District Court, Northern District of Illinois 43, 44 

Feinglass, Abe 181 

57th Street Meeting of Friends 70, 87, 105, 134, 177, 185 

Finke, David 96 

First Congregational Church of Wilmette 70 

First Unitarian Church of Chicago 70, 87, 105, 134, 171, 174 

First United Methodist Church of Evanston 70, 174 

Fitzgerald, Judge Richard J__ 62 

Fitzpatrick, Charles ^ 148 

Fitzpatrick, Tom 96 

Flory, Ishmael 59, 147, 194 



VI 

Flanagan, Brian 198 

Fonda, Jane 151 

Ford, President Gerald 178 

Forest, James 195 

Freedom of Information Bill 65 

Friendship Club 70, 173 

Friendship House 70, 87, 89, 134, 200 

Fritchman, Rev. Stephen 150 

Froines, John 56 

Fullenkamp, Chuck 98 

Fund for Reconciliation 124, 134 

G 

Gabow, Frances 59 

GAP 75 

Gargan, Ed 98 

Gay Rights Task Force , 65 

Georgetown University 42 

Gignoux, Judge 56 

Giles, L'Mordy 174 

Gilman, John 181 

Glencoe Human Relations Committee 70, 134 

Glick, Fred E 69, 105, 119, 121, 126, 130, 172, 173 

Goodrich 120 

Grant, Gerard, S. J 178 

Gray Panthers 201 

Green, Ben 59 

Green, Larry 61-64, 75, 77, 79, 130, 137, 190 

Greenberg, David 96 

Gronemeier, Dale 186 

Groppi, Rev. James . 182 

Guard. Gay 186 

Gutman. Richard M. (Rick) 64, 66, 75, 76, 79, 129, 130, 137. 174, 190, 193 

Gysel, Dean 168 

H 

Haas. Jeff 420 

Haddad. James 82 

Haley. Judge Harold J 92 

Hall. Gus 147, 148, 194 

Hall, Joan Silverstone 185 

Hampton. Bill 59 

Hampton, Fred 87, 91, 104, 111, 197 

"Handbook for Americans" (SISS publication) 108,144,147 

Handler, Elyne 105. 173 

Hanoi 173 

Hanrahan. Edward V 104, 168, 173 

Harano. Ross 105, 173, 177 

Harrington, Cong. Michael 183 

Harrisburg, Pa 94 

Harrison 6 89 

Hart. Pearl 59, 147, 194 

Hai-vard ITni versify 64 

Havighurst, Robert J 151 

Hazelkom, Herbert N 105.171,173,174,177,188.189 

Hayden. Thomas 55, 56 

Haynesworth, Judge 87, 104 

Healey, Dorothy 144 

Health, Education, and Welfare. Department of (HEW) 198 

Help for Imprisoned War Objectors 96 

Herrs. Walter 105, 173 

Herst. E.sther 118, 123, 125 

Hicks. Doris 83 

Hill, Rev. John J 59, 

69. 79, 82, 83. 87. 105. 110, 117-125, 130, 135, 186, 146-148, 168, 171- 

173, 188, 189, 194, 200 



I 



VII 

Hilton, Jesse 195 

Hirsehkop, Philip J 167 

Hofifuian, Abbott 56 

Hoffman, Joan 82, 83, 87, 105, 173, 177, 185 

Hoffman, Judge 56 

Hoffmaus, Edward C 98 

Hogan, Rev. William 195 

Holmes. Lola Belle 145 

Honore, Tom — _ 113 

Honore, Mrs. Tom (Jan) 113 

Horsley, G. William 90,186 

House Internal Security Committee (HISC) 59, 

114, 115, 119, 125, 144, 148, 157, 158, 173, 175, 180, 186 

House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) 116,143-147,157,169 

Howard, Robert 83, 172 

Hoy. James 197 

Hull House Uptown Center 83 

Humanist Ciiurch (Oakland) 107,147,168 

Hume Clement Hume & Lee 82 

"Hundreds at Midwest Tribute to Gus Hall" (article) 59, 194 

Hurley, Marian 82, 83 

Huston, John 65, 75, 191 

Hutchensou. Irene 83 

Hyde Park-Kenwood Council of Churches & Synagogues 185 

Hyde Park Peace Council 174 

Hyde Park Union Church 96 



lavarone, Nicholas 79 

lehord. Rep. Richard 158 

Illinois Committee for a Fair Ballot 200 

Illinois Crime Investigating Commission 187 

Illinois Law Enforcement Commission (ILEC)__ 69, 80-82, 120, 126, 127, 132, 133 

Illinois Prisons and Jails Project 69 

Imbrie, James 167 

Immigration and Naturalization Service 75 

Impeach Nixon Committee 125 

Independent Precinct Organization 91 

Independent Union of Public Aid Employees 200 

Independent Voters of Illinois 91, 168 

Indians for Indians 82 

Internal Revenue Service 187 

International Affairs Commission 180 

International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU) 181 

IPJP's Citizens Visiting Committee 75 



Jackson, George 92 

Jackson, Jonathan 92, 93 

Jackson Prison 97 

Jackson, Justice Robert H 94 

Jacoby, Julie 172 

Japanese American Citizens League 70, 105, 177, 200 

Jewish Cultural Clubs of Chicago 70 

Jesuit School of Theology of Chicago 70 

Johnson, Arnold 59, 147, 157, 171, 194 

Johnson, Mrs. Christine 59 

Johnson, Jim 121 

Johnson. Marlin 119,126 

Johnston, Robert 178 

Joliet Correctional Center 75 

Jones, Nick 195 

Jones, Robert 195 

Jones, Virginia 195 

Jurras 198 

Justice Department 47, 75, 123, 127 



VIII 



KAM Isaiah Israel Congregation 70, 174 

Kanno, Hiroshi 200 

Kashtan, William 195 

Katroscili, Margaret Ann 98 

Kearney, John 69, 146-148, 151, 186, 193, 200 

Kelley, Jon 105, 173 

Kennedy, Jane 96, 97 

Kennedy, Philip 97 

Kennedy, Robert 185 

Kentucky, University of 96 

Kenwood-Oaliland Community Organization (KOCO) 174 

Kerner, Otto 114 

Kestenbaum, Joe 118 

Khrusheliev, Nikita 143 

King, Leo 83 

King, Mrs. Martin Luther, Jr 198 

Kirkpatrick, Lyman B 42 

Kling, Jack 59, 147, 195 

Klink, Val R 76,83.105,119,122,125,168,172,173,177,200 

Klu Klux Klan 48 

Knowles, Harper L 146 

Knox, Terrance 78, 79 

Kreml 91 

Kimstler, William 56, 123 

Kushner, Sylvia 83, 105, 147, 143, 168, 173, 177, 178, 180, 183, 193, 195 



Labor Saving Device 194 

Lagoni, Hans 174 

Lake View Citizens Council 130 

Laronge, George 83 

Latin-American Defense Organization 195 

Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) 47, 

69, 79, 80, 121, 123, 124, 127, 132, 135, 136, 172 

Lawndale Peoples Planning and Action Committee 177 

Conference 87, 186 

Lawrence, Rev. Dick 83 

Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law 83, 118 

Legislative Task Force 177 

Lehmann, Dr. Paul 150 

Lenin 169 

Lens, Sidney 200 

Lewis, John 167 

Lightfoot. Claude 59, 147, 171, 194, 195 

Lincoln Park 90 

Lindsay, Sgt. Arthur 82 

Lindsay, John V 109 

Lipschutz, Peggy 195 

Loll, John 98 

Loop College 65, 191 

Lopez, Obed 195 

Los Angeles 92, 93, 144 

Loyola University 91, 96, 178 

Lucas, George 120, 122 

Lundgren, Lee 170 

Lundy. Joseph 64. 190 

Lutheran Church in America, Illinois Synod 70 

Lynch, Judge William 62,64,190 

Mc 

McArdle, Judith (Judi) 65,82,83,105,174,177 

McCarthy, Senator Joseph 95, 102, 103 

McClory, Congressman 175 



IX 

McDaniels, Floyd 197 

McDonald, Congressman Larrj' 180 

McGrath, Rev. Francis J. (Frank) _ 58,69,78,125,146-148,151,172,174,189,192 

McKeuzie, Mrs 123 

McXamara, Marty 97 

McNeil. E. Duke 83 

McWhinney, William 78, 79 

M 

MacDougall, Curtis D 151,200 

Mack, Dan 195 

Magee, Ruchell 92 

Maiman, Max 59 

Mandel Legal Aid Clinic 83 

Maoists 42 

Marco, Joyce 78, 174 

Marion County Courthouse 92, 93 

Marion County Jail 97 

Martin, David 41 

Marx 169 

Mattachine Midwest 70, 134, 177 

Mayday 187 

Meade, David (Dave) 86,105,174,177 

Media repression task force _ 177 

Medical Committee for Human Rights 134, 195 

Meiklejohn, Alexander 167 

Mendelsohn. Rev. Jack 78, 87, 95, 105, 117, 121, 171-174, 177, 185, 189 

Menges, Richard (Dick) 78,105,173,174,177 

Menzel, Rey. John Paul, Jr ^ 168 

Metcalfe, Congressman Ralph 64, 76, 121, 124, 175, 190 

Methodist Federation for Social Action (MFSA) 106-108, 147, 168, 192, 193 

Mettling, Fran 123, 134 

Meyer(s), Mike 118, 122 

Michigan 59, 147 

Midland Hotel 59, 194 

Midland, Mich 97 

Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 145 

Mikva, Congressman Abner 116, 175, 178, 186 

Mills, Congressman Wilbur 175 

Milwaukee task force 124 

Milwaukee, Wis 124 

Minnesota 59, 147 

Minnesota Eight 99 

Mitchell, Charlene 170, 171 

Mitchell, John 116, 157, 159, 160, 199 

Moore, Donald Page 121 

Morris, Dan 83 

Morris, Robert S 167 

Mott, Judge 90 

Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR) — _ 180 

Mueller, Rev. Robert 90, 105, 171, 173, 177, 188 

Mulligan, Joe 98 

Mumm, Helen 174, 189 

Munoz, Amando 150 

Murphy, Morgan 120 

Murphy, Morgan 119 

Murtagh, Judge 199 

Muse, Charlie 98 

Musengo, Jeanette 174 

Myerson, Michael 171 

N 

Nader's Raiders 64, 190 

National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders 46 

National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression (NAARPR) — 181 



National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 198 

National Association of Social Workers 70, 105, 134, 174, 177, 186 

National Catholic Reporter 97 

National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Com- 
mittee and the House Internal Security Committee 57, 68, 143, 144, 167, 169 

National Committee Against Repressive Legislation 57, 

58, 68, 107, 112, 117, 143-146, 167, 173, 192, 193 

Officers (list) 167 

National Conference in Solidarity With Chile (2d) 180 

List of sponsors 181-185 

National Coordinating Center in Solidarity With Chile ISO 

National Council of Jewish Women 70, 176 

Evanston-Niles Township section 70, 134 

National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice 47 

National Lawyers Guild (NLG) 42,83,120,181 

Near No. ITnitarian Universalist Fellowship 134 

Nelson, Carl 145, 169 

Nelson, Rev. Clarence T. R 168 

Nelson, Ronald 197 

New American Movement 181,201 

New Mobilization Committee 200 

New Mobilization to End War in Vietnam 157 

New Orleans 45 

New York City 92,144 

Newhouse, Richard 201 

Newsweek (magazine) 64, 190 

Nixon administration 114, 120, 199 

Nixon. Richard 104, 114, 116, 123, 125, 160, 194, 195 

Nolan, Thomas F 197 

Noren, Adelle 41, 64, 72, 77, 78, 135, 174 

Testimony of 106, 131 

North Side Friends 70,134 

Northern California Committee Against Repressive Legislation 107, 147, 168 

Northern Illinois Conference Board of Social Concerns 121 

Northwestern University 91, 104 

Law School 200 

Nuccio, Richard 197 

O 

Oak Park-River Forest Citizens Committee for Human Rights 105, 134, 177 

Obenhaus, Rev. Victory 151 

O'Connor, Harvey 167 

Ogilvie, Governor 173 

O'Malley, Rev. Patrick 105,174.177 

"Operation Abolition" (film) 144 

Operation Push 75, 129, 201 

Organization for a Better Austin 75, 130 

Osgood, James 177 



Palm, Gary 83 

Palmer, Margaret 59 

Pappademos, John 59 

Parsons, Judge 200 

Passport Office 114 

Patten, Rev. C. Alfred 123,134 

Patterson, Louise Thompson 147, 194, 195 

Patterson, William L 59, 147, 194, 195 

Peace Corps 64, 190 

Peace Council 168 

Pearson, Theodore (Ted) 59,194,200 

Peet, Rev. Edward L 167, 168, 193 

Pennsylvania, University of ^ 

Pentagon 1*78 



XI 

People's Party 181 

Percy, Seuator Charles 65, 190, 195 

Perez, Santos 174, 189 

Perry, Judge Sam 62, 80 

Phillips. John 98 

Phillips. Lawrence 174 

Pickett, Clarence 167 

Pietra, John 98 

Plank, Betty 87. 105, 110, 113, 135, 173, 188, 189 

Playboy Foundation 69 

Poindexter, Thomas 91, 185, 186 

Poinian, Dr 123 

Pointer, Howard 75. 129 

"Points of Rebellion" (book) 153 

Police agencies (29) represented at New Orleans meeting (list) 46 

Police beat program 71, 72 

Police and Community Relations Project 134 

"Police Kept Spying After Rochford Ban" (article) 79 

Polities for Peace 105, 133, 171, 177, 186 

Pontiac Four 99 

Popular Unity Coalition 180 

Powers, Mary 78, 82, 83, 105, 123, 124, 134, 173, 174, 177, 189 

Prompt Press 180 

Prosten. Jesse 58, 68, 146-148, 151, 193 

Puerto Rican Socialist Party 181 

Q 

Quigley, Harold 93, 105, 172, 174, 177 

Quinn, Frank 78, 174 

Quint, Linda 98 

R 

Rahm, Robert 197 

Railsback, Congressman 175 

Rankin, Mary Alice 75 

"Racism and Human Survival : Lessons of Nazi Germany for Today's 

World" (book) 59 

Rayner, A. A., Jr. (Sammy) 59,194,198,200 

Rayson, Leland 74, 75 

Reagan, Ronald 92, 93, 194 

Red Squad (See Chicago Police Department.) 

Redmond, Dr. James W 187 

Reid, Ellis 83 

"Report Fire Faked to Hide Cop Spy Files" (article) 61, 62 

Richardson, Amadeo 181 

Richardson, Noma 175 

Riddell, Nicholas 98 

Rising Up Angry . 125 

Ristorucci, Roque 181, 194 

Robinson, Renault 117, 119-122, 126, 173 

Robson, Judge Edwin 87, 98, 111, 199 

Rocacz, John 82 

Rochford, James M 41, 43, 63, 79, 124, 174, 175, 201 

Testimony of , 45-51 

Rogers, Harold 59 

Rokacz, John 83 

Roosevelt 120 

Rosary College 177 

Rose. Don 119 

Rosen. Frank 178 

Rosenbergs 95 

Ross, Borris 58, 68 

Ro-ssen, John 146, 169 

Roth, Norman 59, 168, 178 



XII 

Royko, Mike 61 

Rubin, Jerry 1 56 

Rusli, Bobby 119 

Ruscli, Wayne 82, 83 

Russell, Cedrie 124, 125, 174, 189 

Rutgers University 123 

Ryan, Sheila 82, 83 

S 

Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church 174 

Sadlowski, Ed 178 

St. Agatha Catholic Church 70, 176 

St. Atlianasius Catholic Church Community Life Committee 70 

St. Columbanus Catholic Church 105 

St. Elizabeth Catholic Church 70 

St. Frances Cabrini Catholic Church 176 

St. James Catholic Church 105 

St. James Episcopal Cathedral 100 

St. Mark United Methodist Church 70 

Salone, Mark 75 

Samuel Mem. Community Church 134 

San Francisco . 92, 93 

San Quenton Prison 92 

Sandstone Fedei'al Prison 98 

Coffeehouse Organizing Committee 99 

Sardina. Thomas 87, 177, 186 

Satisfield, Anita 194, 195 

Scheff, Bruce 168 

Schiller, Stephen 83 

Schoenbrun, David 186 

Schulte, Betty 76, 175 

Schwartz, Henuan 116 

SCOPE (Southwest Community Organization for Peaceful Equality) 70 

Scott, Senator William L 41-142 

Seale, Bobby 194 

Sears, Barnabus 111 

Seci'et Service 187 

Seng, Sister Ann 91,177,186 

Shapiro. William 105, 172, 173 

Sheppard, Linda 200 

Shirer, William L i 154 

Short. Robert J 41 

Shure (South Suburban Human Relations Federation) 70, 174 

Sibrie, Rev. Roland 174 

Sikes, Rev. George 174 

Sisters of Charity, B.V.M 70, 174 

Smit, Tom 98 

Smith, Betty 59, 147, 195 

Smith, Rev. Harold "Bill" 106 

Smith, Louise Pettibone 150 

Sohell, Morton 95 

"Social Questions Bulletin" (publication) 106,107,147.168 

Socialist Party 181 

Socialist Workers Party 42.127,141,148,149,200.201 

Soledad Brothers 92, 93 

Soledad Prison 92, 93 

Solon. Mark 130 

Sons & Brothers 99 

Soto, John 197 

Soto. Michael . 1^7 

Sourwine, J. G 41-142 

Southwest Committee on Peaceful Equality 132 

Soviet Union 57, 58, 143 

Spiegel. Jack 1^1 

Spock, Dr. Benjamin 94, 185 



XIII 

Stalin, Joseph 143 

Statesville Eleveu 201 

Stein. Ted 200 

Steinberg. Irving 59 

Stevenson, Senator Adlai 65, 114, 185, 190, 195 

Stewart. Jofree 125 

Stiunette. Lynn 59, 147, 195 

Stone, Milie 96 

Stracke, Wynn 195 

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) 47. 157, 187 

Subversive Activities Ck)ntrol Board (SACB)__ 57, 92, 103, 114, 116, 118, 145, 159 

Surge 201 

Sweeney, William P 98 

Sweigert. Judge 200 

Sykes, George 78 

T 

Tarabochia. A. L 41 

Task force on jury reform 177 

Task force on political trials 93 

Task force on surveillance 104 

Taylor, G. Flint, Jr 80 

Taylor. James 82, 83 

Tecza, Thaddeus 72, 73 

Tenth Congressional District Politics for Peace 70. 174 

Terkel, Studs 200, 201 

Terry, Bobbylee 59 

Terry, Gil 59 

Third Unitarian Church of Chicago 70, 134, 174 

Thurmond, Senator Strom 41-142 

Time (magazine) 150 

Toll, Carolyn 65, 191 

Tomaczek, Starr 82 

Toman, Dr. Andrew J 104 

Tomczak, Starr 83 

Tracy, Jackie 123 

Trade Unionists for Action and Democracy (TUAD) 181 

Tribute to Patterson Draws a Wide Array (article) 194 

Trost, Tom 97 

Trotskyists 42 

Trujillo, Robert 171 

Turkington, Harry 83 

Tydings, Senator 199 

U 

United Auto Workers 178 

United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers 181 

United Electrical Workers 59, 147, 195 

United Farmworkers 195 

United Front of Cairo 105,177 

United Methodist Board of Social Concerns 70, 105, 134, 174, 177 

United Methodist Church 69, 107, 123 

Northern Illinois Conference 118 

Board of Church and Society 106, 123-126, 134, 135 

Board of Social Concerns 106 

United Packinghouse Workers of America 170 

United States 107, 143, 146, 195 

Army 198 

Court of Appeals 98 

District Attorney (Northern District of Illinois) 54,55 

Government 44, 45, 95 

Supreme Court 56, 95, 103, 104, 114, 199 

Uphaus. Dr. Willard 150 

Uppling, Byron 197 



XIV 

Urban Apostolate of the Sisters 70 

Urban crisis program of the National Association of Social Workers 87 

Urban League of Greater Boston 185 



Velasquez, Garmon 83 

Venceremos Brigade 66, 77, 181 

3d 66 

Vietnam 186 

North 118, 173 

Vincent, Walter S 167 

Vivian, Rev. C. T 167 

Vrooman, Gates 121 

W 

Wachowski, Chief Justice Eugene 88 

Waitsman, Myke 86 

Walker, Dan 173 

Walker. Paul 125 

Ward, Judge 90 

Warden, Rob 61-&4, 75, 77-79, 130. 137, 190 

Ware, Mitchell 41, 138 

Testimony of 52-56 

Warren, Justice Earl 153 

Washington, D.C 123, 140, 169, 187, 198 

Washington Post ( new'spaper ) 64,190 

AVatergate 125, 187, 188 

Watts, St. John, Jr 122 

WBBM (television and radio station) 64,120 

WDHF (radio station) 136 

Weatherman 198 

Weiboldt Foundation 88 

Weiner, Lee . 56 

Weinglass, Leonard 56 

Weinstein, Rabbi J 151 

Weiss, IVIark .„ 72, 73 

Wellington Avenue Congregational Church 105, 134, 171, 177 

Wellington Avenue United Church of Christ 70, 174 

Wells, Ruth 65, 69, 120, 122-124, 126, 130 

West, James 181 

West Side Christian Parish 70, 90, 105, 134, 171, 177 

Westermeyer, Jerald (Jerry) 82,83 

WGN (television station) 64 

Wheadon United Methodist Church (Evanston) 70 

White House 187 

Wickstrom, Lester 195 

Wieboldt 122 

AVieboldt Foundation 69 

Wilford, Ruby 174 

Wilkinson, Frank 120, 144, 145, 150, 167, 193 

Will, Judge 200 

Willey, Dorothy 89 

Williams, Aubrey W 167 

Williams, Carter 200 

Williams, David 97 

Williams, Edna 105, 174, 177 

Wilmette Human Relations Committee 70, 105, 134 

Wilson, Charles 59 

Winnetka Human Relations Committee 70, 105, 134. 174. 177 

Winston. Henry 59, 147, 194 

Winter, Helen 181 

WLS (television station) 64 

Wolf, Rabbi Arnold Jacob 151,200 

Wolfson. Warren 79, 80, 82, 83, 133 



i 



XV 

Women for Peace 201 

Women Strike for Peace 198 

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom 70, 134 

Woodlawn Organization 83, 124, 174 

Woods, Sylvia 59, 195 

World Peace Council 195 

WTTW (television station) 83 

Y 

Young, Congressman Andrew 185 

Young Communist League 146, 170 

Young Lords 106, 118 

Young, Dr. Quentin 195 

Young Socialists Alliance 127, 149, 201 

Young Workers Liberation League 59, 147, 194, 195 

Z 

Zacharias, Bobbette 105, 173, 174, 177 

Zacharias, James 82, 83 

Zagarell, Michael 170, 171 

o 



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