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Full text of "Yellowstone National Park"

iiNJN PACIFIC 
RA1IWAY 



YELLOWSTONE PARK 



University of California Berkeley 




YELLOWSTONE 
NATIONAL PARK 




HOW TO SEE 

Yellowstone National Park 




HE purpose of this pamphlet is not so much to describe 
the scenic wonders of Yellowstone Park, as to state 
some of the more important facts in relation to it, and 
to provide the more general and necessary information 
required by the tourist who makes a tour of the park. 
Our tourist book, "Wonderland," issued annually (see 
page 17 this folder), depicts the phenomena of the park 
at length. 

Yellowstone Park was established by the Government in 1872. 
Subsequently a Timber Reserve was added on the east and south 
sides. The park proper is about 62 miles long from north to south, 
54 miles wide, and has an area of 3,312 square miles. It is mostly 
in Northwestern Wyoming, a narrow strip being in Montana and 
Idaho. It is situated about midway between St. Paul, Minneapolis 
and Duluth on the east, and Seattle, Tacoma and Portland on the 
North Pacific Coast. The park is an elevated plateau surrounded 
by mountains, and has an average elevation above sea level of 
7,500 feet. Large streams of lava have spread over the park which 
have been greatly modified by glacial action and erosion. 

The Government has entire control of the park. All new roads 
opened and the repairs and maintenance of old roads and trails 
are entirely dependent upon congressional appropriations. The 
roads are now in good condition, a great deal of work and 
expense having recently been put upon them, and steel and con- 
crete bridges have largely replaced wooden ones. Within two 
years the Government has spent $500,000 in improvements in the 
park. Prominent among these is the construction of a new concrete 
viaduct at Golden Gate to replace the old timber trestle, at a cost 
of $10,000, and the erection of a very fine concrete and 
steel bridge of artistic design across the Yellow- 
stone River and rapids, just above the 
upper fall of the Yellowstone at 
the Grand Canon. This latter 
improvement has long been 
needed, and means much 
added enjoyment to the 
tourist in being able to 
now see the canon from 
both sides. 

Fort Yellowstone, the 
military post in the park, 
is at Mammoth Hot 
Springs. Here, also, are 
the headquarters of the 
U. S. Engineer in charge 
of park improvements 
and the U. S. Commis- 
sioner. Mammoth Hot 
Springs is thus the Cap- 
ital of the Park. 

There are four troops 
of United States cavalry 
quartered in the park in 
summer. These care- 
fully patrol the roads 
and other parts of the 
park, and preserve the 
phenomena from spolia- 
tion. During the winter 
season the force is somewhat reduced but the park is patrolled. 
AM ruiTiwr- com As a place to spend the heated months no spot in 
NU SfUl this country can possibly compare with the park. 
Its elevation above sea level and its location In the heart of the -'Rockies" 
amid some of earth's grandest and most inspiring scenery, combined with 
the extreme purity of the atmosphere, the beneficial effects of the hot mineral 
water baths, and the fine character of the hotels, particularly those at 
Upper Geyser Basin and at Yellowstone Lake, the latter having been rebuilt 



and enlarged, make it a remarkable pleasure spot and sanitarium. The 
days are never oppressively hot and the nights are always cool. 
unw Tf PTT TUCDC '1'1'e natural entrance to the park is from 
HUW IU Utl IHtKt the n() rth by way of Livingston, the Gate 
of the Mountains, and the Upper Yellowstone river to Gardiner. 

This is the route of the Northern Pacific, the only railway line that 
touches the park, and it is the official entrance to the park through 
the new and imposing Government Lava Arch, the corner stone of 
which was laid by the President of the United States in 1903. 

The Northern Pacific has recently erected, from boulders and 
symmetric pine logs, what is, perhaps, the most unique and attrac- 
tive small railway station in the country. It is immediately oppo- 
site the entrance arch at Gardiner, at the base of Electric Peak 
and Sepulcher Mountain. 

Pullman Standard Sleeping 

Cars are run between St. Paul, 

Minneapolis and 

?**ttfc - 

A 




FORT YELLOWSTONE, 
MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS. 



Gardiner, and between Gardiner and the North Pacific Coast, both west 
bound and east bound, solely to accommodate park travel. For 
details regarding this train service see regular time-card folder. 




MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS HOTEL AND STAGE COACHES. 



THE PARIf TDIIR vv "'' L ' s known as tnc re gular park tour 
I nt rAnK IUUK begins an d ends at Livingston, and includes 
six days south of that point, the tourist being in the park proper 
five and one-half days. The tourist should, however, 

become fully imbued with the 
, fact that this trip is presented 
simply as the maximum of 
sight-seeing at a minimum 
of time and expense. If 
possible, the tourist 
should remain longer in 
the park within sea- 
son limits, June I to 
September 30 and 
thus see it better and 
more thoroughly. 

There are many 
who cannot well spare 
^ time to make an ex- 
tended trip, but those 
who can should by all 
means plan to stop two 
or more days, or even 
weeks, at each hotel. 
There is so much to see 
at each point that sev- 
eral days may easily and 
profitably be thus spent 
and those who act wisely 
will do this and in this way obtain 
a much better idea of the wonderful and varied character of the 
phenomena in the park. There is no reason for not "doing" the park 
as leisurely as one may and there is no additional charge for trans- 
portation where one extends one's tour beyond the usual limit. 
After leaving Livingston, the tourist travels for 54 miles on the 
Yellowstone Park branch line amidst fine scenery, passing through 
the Gate of the Mountains, Paradise valley, Yankee Jim's canon, 
and by Emigrant peak, Cinnabar mountain and the Devil's Slide 



to Gardiner, the official gateway to the park, where the coaches of 
the transportation company are taken to Mammoth Hot Springs, 
5 miles distant, reached in time for luncheon. 

The six principal points visited by tourists are Mammoth Hot 
Springs, Norris, Lower and Upper geyser basins, Yellowstone lake 
and the Grand canon. 

Other points passed en route are Silver and Golden gates, 
Rustic fall, Willow park, Apollinaris spring, Obsidian cliff, Beaver 
and Twin lakes, Roaring mountain. Gibbon canon and fall, Midway 
geyser basin, Keppler cascade, Shoshone point, Yellowstone Lake 
paint pots, Mud volcano and Gothic grotto, the North- 

ern Pacific trademark, formed by nature on 

Trout creek in Hayden valley, 
Crater hills, Yellowstone 





rapids and the Upper 

fall near Grand canon, and Virginia cascade, besides many other 
objects too numerous to mention. 

The Park Itinerary, approximately, is here given, the tourist 
being carried between Livingston and Gardiner on Park Branch 
N. P. R. trains that connect with the main line trains at Livingston. 

FIRST DAY Leave Livingston at 9.1O a. m. on N. P. R. branch line 
train; arrive Gardiner 11.40 a. m.; leave Gardiner at 12.00 noon by stage coach; 
arrive Mammoth Hot Springs Hotel 12. 50 p. m., taking lunch, dinner and lodging. 

SECOND DAY Breakfast. Leave Mammoth Hot Springs at 8.00 a. m., 
arriving at Norris at noon for lunch; leave at 1.30 p. m.. and arrive at Fountain 
Hotel, Lower Geyser Basin, at 5.30 p. m. for dinner and lodging. 

THIRD DAY Breakfast. Leave for Midway and Upper Geyser basins at 
9.00 a. m. Lunch, dinner and lodging at Old Faithful Inn, Upper Geyser Basin. 

FOURTH DAY Breakfast. Leave for West Arm of Yellowstone Lake at 
8.00 a. m. Lunch at lake and leave for new Yellowstone Lake Hotel at lake 
outlet at 2.00 p. m. Dinner and lodging at La"ke Hotel. 

FIFTH DAY Breakfast at Yellowstone Lake. Leave for Grand Canon at 
9.30 a. m. via Sulphur Mountain; arrive Grand Canon at 12.30 p. m. Lunch, din- 
ner and lodging. 

SIXTH DAY Breakfast. Leave Grand Canon at 9.00 a. m Lunch at Norris. 
Arrive Mammoth Hot Springs at 4.30 p, m. Dinner. Leave Mammoth Hot 
Springs at 6.30 p. m., arriving at Gardiner at 7.1$ p. m.; leave Gardiner at 
7. 3O p. m. on N. P. R. branch line train, arrive Livingston at lo.oo p. m. 

The first stage will leave Mammoth Hot Springs for regular tour of the Park 
on the morning of June i; the last stage for the season covering regular tour 
will leave Mammoth Hot Springs morning of September 30, and returning, will 
leave the Springs for Gardiner the evening of October 4. 

This schedule, including train service on Park branch, may be 
altered by the transportation companies at any time to correspond 
with changes made necessary in the time of through transconti- 
nental trains at Livingston. 



A round trip, including the usual park trip, requires about eleven 
days from Chicago and St. Louis, and nine days from St. Paul, 
Duluth, Minneapolis, Portland, Tacoma and Seattle. 

WHMFRflllQ QIOF TRIPS * nat can ^ e ma de and not embraced 
MJIVltKUUo olUt Inlro in the regular scheduled tour are: A 

trip to Yancey's for fishing purposes, and a trip to the canon and fall 
of the Middle Gardiner river, from Mammoth Hot Springs; a visit 
from the Fountain hotel to the springs and pools round about Great 
Fountain geyser; a trip to Biscuit basin and one to Lone Star 
geyser from Old Faithful Inn; fishing or camping trips from the 
new Lake Hotel to points on Yellowstone lake or river; the fine trip 
from the Grand canon to the top of Mount Washburn by the new 
road from the Canon hotel; a trip across Yellowstone river and 
down the south side of the Grand canon, now made possible by the 
construction of the new bridge above the upper fall. 

Tourists often prefer to ride rather than walk about Mammoth Hot 
Springs, the Geyser basins and the Grand Cation. The extra 
^^ charges for such tourist wagon trips, per passenger, are 

as follows: 

Mammoth Hot Springs $1.00 

Lower Geyser Basin 50 

Upper Geyser Basin 50 

Grand Canon i.oo 

Those desiring to camp out, fish, etc., should 
consult the transportation company. 
CYPIlRCinW RATFQ Tlie tourist season 

EXCURSION RATES extends {rom June , 

to September 30, 1904. During the season the 
Northern Pacific Railway has on sale excur- 
sion tickets, the use of which by the tourist 
will prove a great convenience. The various 
classes of excursion tickets are as follows: 

S5.OO TICKET Includes rail and stage transportation 
Livingston to Mammoth Hot Springs and return. 

$7.OO TICKET Includes rail and stage transportation 
Livingston to Mammoth Hot Springs and return and two 
meals (lunch and dinner) at Mammoth Hot Springs Hotel. 

$28. OO TICKET-Includes rail transportation Living- 
ston to Gardiner and return, and stage transportation 
Gardiner to Mammoth Hot Springs, Norris, Lower and 
Upper Geyser basins, Yellowstone Lake. Grand Canon 
and Falls of the Yellowstone and return. This ticket 
does not cover hotel accommodations. 

$49.5O TICKET Includes rail transportation Living- 
ston to Gardiner and return, stage Gardiner to Mammoth 
Hot Springs. Norris, Lower and Upper Geyser basins, 
Yellowstone Lake, Grand Canon and Falls of the Yellow- 
stone and return, and not to exceed five and one-half days' 
accommodations at the Park Association hotels. 

$45.OO TICKET Includes rail transportation from 
St .Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or the Superiors to Gardiner 
and return to anyone of the above-named points, or via 
BillinKS and the " Burlington " to Missouri River. 

$47. 5O TICKET Includes rail and stage transporta- 
tion St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or the Superiors to 
Mammoth Hot Springs and return to any one of the 
above-named points, or via Billings and the "Burlington" 
to Missouri River. 

$55.OO TICKET Includes rail transportation from 
St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or the Superiors to Gardiner 
and return to any one of the above-named points, or via 



CLEOPATRA TERRACE 
AND GIANT'S THUMB. 
MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS 




ROAD IN GARDINER CANON, EAGLE NEST CRAQ AT THE RIGHT. 
6 



Billings and the " Burlington " to Missouri River, and stage transportation 
Gardiner to Mammoth Hot Springs, Norris, Lower and Upper Geyser basins, 
Yellowstone Lake. Grand Cafion and Falls of the Yellowstone and return. 
This ticket does not cover hotel accommodations. 

S75.OO TICKET -Includes rail transportation from St. Paul, Minneapolis. 
Duluth or the Superiors to Gardiner and return to any one of the above-named 
points, or via Billings and the "Burlington" to Missouri River: stage trans- 
portation Gardiner to Mammoth Hot Springs, Norris, Lower and Upper Geyser 
basins, Yellowstone Lake, Grand Canon and Falls of the Yellowstone and return. 
and hotel accommodations for not to exceed five and one-half days at Yellow- 
stone Park Association hotels. 

S1O5.OO TICKET Includes rail transportation from St. Paul, Minneapolis, 
Duluth or the Superiors to Gardiner, stage transportation Gardiner to Mammoth 
Hot Springs, Norris, Lower, and Upper Geyser basins, Yellowstone Lake, Grand 
Caiion, Falls of the Yellowstone and Monida, hotel accommodations for not to 
exceed six and one-quarter days between Gardiner and Monida and rail trans- 
portation from Monida either via Oregon Short Line R. R. and Union Pacific to 
Missouri River points or via O. S. L. R. R. to Ogden. any line Ogden to Denver 
thence via either the B. & M. R. R. R., Union Pacific R. R.. A. T. Sc 8. F. Ry., 
C. R. I. & P. Ry. or Mo. Pac. Ry. to Missouri River terminals. 

S84.OO TICKET This ticket covers rail and stage transportation ONLY (no 
meals or lodging being included therein! for the same tour as the S1O5.OO ticket. 

The S5.OO and S7.OO tickets will be sold at Livingston May 31 to October 4, 
19O4, inclusive, and at St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth and the Superiors and at 
western terminals May 29 to October 2. 19O4, inclusive. Tickets must be used 
from Livingston not later than morning: train of Oct. 4, 19O4. 

The $28.Op and $49.5O tickets will be sold at Livingston May 31 to Septem- 
ber 29, 19O4, inclusive, and at St. Paul. Minneapolis, Duluth and the Superiors 
and at western terminals May 29 to September 27. 19O4, inclusive. Tickets must 
be used from Livingston not later than morning train of September 29, 19O4. 

The $45.OO and $47.50 tickets will be sold at St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth 
and the Superiors May 29 to October 2, 19O4, inclusive; the $55. OO. $75. OO, 
$84.OO and S1O5.OO tickets will be sold at St. Paul. Minneapolis, Duluth and 
the Superiors May 29 to September 27, 19O4, inclusive. These tickets -will bear 
going transit limit 30 days: return transit limit 1O days; final return limit 
9O days, but not later than October 14, 19O4. Stop-overs allowed within limits. 
The trip through the park must be completed by October 4, 19O4. 

Half of the S5.OO $28.OO, S45.OO, $47.6O. $55.OO and S84.OO rates will be 
made for children of five years of age or over and under twelve years of age. 
Half of the S7.OO, $49.5O, $75.OO and S1O5.OO rates will not be made for 
children, but children five years of age or over and under TEN years of age will 
be granted half rates locally at the Yellowstone Park Association hotels. 

The $45.OO ticket must he validated for return passage at Gardiner and 
presented on train on or "within one day of such date. 

The $47. 5O ticket must be validated for return passage at Mammoth Hot 
Springs hotel and presented on train on or within one day of such date. The 
$55.0O. $75.OO, $84.OO and S1O5.OO tickets must be validated for return passage 
at Grand Canon hotel. 

From Chicago and St. Louis round-trip tickets, corresponding to the above, 
will be sold at rates $10. OO higher than from St. Paul. 




BLACK-TAIL DEER ON PARADE GROUND, FORT YELLOWSTONE. 

RDADQ Through the wise, though somewhat belated, action of the 
KU A U o Government, the park roads have now reached an 
advanced stage of perfection. New roads have been constructed, 
old ones repaired and realigned, cut-offs made, grades reduced, 
roadbed solidified, etc., until a great change has been made in them. 
More than this, a system of road sprinkling has been established 
that will largely eradicate the trouble from dust that has at times 
been provoking. One hundred miles of roads will be sprinkled 
during 1904, large four-horse wagons being used for the purpose. 
Among new roads recently constructed are two pieces at the Grand 
Canon; one to the summit of Mt. Washburn and another down the 
South side of the Grand Canon. The latter will be much used and 
appreciated by tourists, for it will enable them to see the Grand 
Canon, the climax of the park and of earthly grandeur, from both 
sides, something heretofore impossible. The value of this to the 
tourist can hardly be overstated. 



TLJC TDAMCDDDTATiniu equipment in the park consists of the 
I Ht I KANoKUK I A I IUN we ll-known Abbott-Downing Concord 
stage coaches made especially to fit the necessities of park travel 
and drawn by four horses each. . Strong and durable, they are 
light, easy to get in and out of, and OPEN at the sides so that the 
passengers can easily see the country while riding along. 

The transportation company have various classes of vehicles 
ranging from two-horse surreys and mountain wagons, seating three 
and five passengers each, respectively, to four-horse coaches of 
two and three seats each, seating seven and eleven persons, 
respectively, and they will endeavor to seat congenial persons or 
parties in the same vehicle for the trip when requested so to do. 
Large six-horse coaches run between Gardiner and Mammoth 
Hot Springs. These seat from twenty to thirty persons each. 




ORANGE GEYSER, MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS. 

The coaching trip in the park is the finest one in the United 
States. Coaches, drivers and horses all are of the best. 

Stop-overs will be given at or south of Mammoth Hot Springs 
without extra charge. 

"Parties" desiring to stop en route and retain exclusive use of the 
coach in which they commenced their journey can do so on payment of 
from $6 to $1 5 per day additional, depending upon the size of the coach 
in which they are traveling. 

Children five years of age or over and under twelve years, will be 
granted half rates on the railway and stagecoaches. Children under 
five years of age will be carried free by rail and stage coach. Chil- 
dren five years of age or over and under ten years of age will be 
granted, locally in the Park, half rates at the hotels. Children ten 
years of age and over will be required to pay full rates at the hotels. 

Between the lunch station at the west arm of Yellowstone lake 
and the new hotel at the outlet of the lake, the tourist has the 
option of riding either in the coaches, or, by the payment of a 
moderate, additional sum, taking the steel-screw steamer on the 
lake, for a delightful lake ride between those points. The steamer, 
however, has no connection with the transportation company, 
hence an additional fare is necessary. 

TUC DADI/ unrri c are first-class in every respect, and the 
IHt KAflrY HUlBLa O id hotels have recently been greatly 
improved and modernized. They are all electric lighted, steam 
heated and advantageously located. 

The location and capacity of each hotel is : 
Mammoth Hot Springs 
Norris Geyser Basin (lunch station) 
Lower Geyser Basin (Fountain Hotel) 



Upper Geyser Basin (Old Faithful Inn) 
"Juliet of Yellowstone Lake - 



250 guests 
25 guests 
250 guests 
2;o guests 
250 guests 
250 guests 



Grand Canon -.- 

The hotel at Mammoth Hot Springs is near the terraces and 
Liberty Cap, and across the plaza from Fort Yellowstone; that at 
Norris overlooks the basin; the Fountain hotel is not far from the 
Fountain Geyser and the Mammoth Paint Pots; Old Faithful Inn at 
the Upper Basin is near Old Faithful and other geysers; the Lake 
hotel is near the point where Yellowstone river issues from the lake, 



and it overlooks Yellowstone lake, and the Grand Canon hotel is 
within easy walking distance of the Lower fall and Point Lookout. 

Within recent years the hotel situation has been completely 
changed. The hotel at Mammoth Hot Springs has been much 
improved and its capacity largely increased, while a roomy and 
attractive lunch station has been erected at Norris Geyser Basin. 

Old Faithful Inn, constructed at Upper Geyser Basin in 1903, 
will become one of the most attractive and popular hotels in the 
country. It is a structure of boulders and logs, peaks, angles, 
dormers, French windows, etc., artistically combined. The office is 
75 feet square and 85 feet high to the peak of the roof, with bal- 
conies around three sides. A massive chimney 14 feet square and 
85 feet high with a fireplace at each side and corner, or eight fire- 
places in all, is a feature of this room The dining room is a room 
60 feet square, with a fine outlook. 

The log element has been handled in a remarkably effective 
manner. Natural logs and limb crooks have been utilized in 
stairways and balconies and wherever possible. Old Faithful 
geyser is near the hotel ; opposite and but a trifle farther away are 
the Giantess, Lion, Bee Hive, Lioness and Cubs; down the little 
valley the Castle is in plain view, and the eruptions of the Grand 
and Economic can be seen from its corridors, rooms and verandas. 
A particular feature of this inn will be a searchlight on top of the 
building which will be operated at night, showing the geysers in 
play under electric light. 

At Yellowstone lake the old hotel has been practically recon- 
structed. It has been doubled in size and given an mposing, 
stately, colonial front with large columned porches at each end 
and in the center three in all. Of all the hotels and stopping 
places in the park this is the most restful. The outlook up the 
lake, 20 miles long, is one that stirs yet rests the emotions. The 
rippling, shimmering waters are framed on the east by the Abso- 
rc-ka range, which extends the entire length of the lake, and at the 











GREAT FOUNTAIN GEYSER, YELLOWSTONE PARK. 



south Mt. Sheridan rises veiled in a purple haze. Here are the fish- 
ing grounds par excellence. One who has never fished before may 
here catch a mess of salmon trout with ease, and the professional 
may cast his fly in the river or troll over the lake with keen enjoy- 
ment. For a month's rest the Lake hotel is the best in the park. 

The hotel at the Grand Canon is on an elevated spot which 
gives a wide view including Hayden valley, Crater hills, or Sulphur 
mountain, and a glimpse of the Upper fall of the Yellowstone. 

There is a good orchestra at each hotel. 

THF UNIFORM RATF a* Prk hotels for a stay not exceeding 
nc UrairUnm MA It seven days la 4.OO per day. After seven 
days the rate is $3.50 per day. 

TELEGRAPHIC MESSAGES can be sent from the association 
hotels to any part of the world. 



EXCELSIOR GEYSER. 



TABLE OF PROMINENT GEYSERS AND SPRINGS. 

BASED UPON CAREFUL AND RECENT OBSERVATIONS. 

MORRIS 



NAME. 


ERUPTION 

IN 


DURATION 

OK 


INTERVALS 

OF 




FEET. 




ERUPTION. 




10-15 








240 








100 


1V4 hrs. 






20-40 






Congress Spring 








Devil's Inkstana 









M I DWA-V 



Turquoise Spring 


Turquoise 
Wonderful 


Blue; loo ft. 
Iv colored 


diameter. 

water; 250x350 ft.diam. 


Prismatic Lake 



LOWER BASIM. 





20-30 
10-20 
Basin of cl 
60-160 
Peculiar 

Small but 


30-40 min. 
30 min. 
ay. strangel 
1V4 hrs. 
phenomena 

interesting 


5 hours. 
Plavs from 4 openings. 
V colored; 40-60 ft. wide. 
8-11 hours, 
seen here. 

geysers. 










Black Warrior ) 


White Dome ) 


CM=>F>jER BASIN. 


Old Faithful . 


165 
200 
125 
78 
100 
3 to 10 
50 
10 to 30 
200 
25 
100 
30 
100 
30 
20 
250 
20 
200 
125 
30 
20 to 40 
60 
100 
60 
Sponge-like 
Beautiful s 
Two very 
coloring ! 
Beautiful s 
Lovely spr 
Peculiar sp 
beautiful 


7 min. 
10 "- 
10 to 20 hrs. 
8 to 14 mill. 
12 " 
20 " 
26 " 
30 to GO " 
1 to 3 hrs. 
30 to 60 min. 
20 " 
12 " 
12to30 " 
2 ' 
30to40 ' 
90 ' 
10 to 20 ' 
10 to 20 ' 
60 ' 
1 ' 
2 ' 
10 ' 
5 hrs. 
5 min. 
walls abou 
Dring, some 
nteresting 
lere. 
jring. 45-5C 
ng with deli 
at with geys 
pools. 


IK-75 minutes. 
Several times a week. 
8 to 12 days. 
2 to 5 times daily. 
Irregular. 
Frequent. 
Irregular. 
Every 2 to 4 hours. 
Several times a week. 
Irregular. 
6 to 7 hours. 
3 hours. 
Daily. 
Every 6 minutes. 
3 to 5 hours. 
4 to 7 days. 
8 hours. 
Irregular. 
12 to 15 hours. 
6 minutes. 
Every half hour. 
Every 2 hours. 
Several times a week. 
Every 3 hours, 
spring, 
times an active geyser, 
pots: Some very fine 

feet wide, 
cate colored rim. 
erite biscuit and many 


Bee Hive 
















Turban 




Fan 




Jewel 




Giant 




Splendid 


Castle 






Daisy 








Punch Bowl 















AND CONNECTIONS. 





3- jo-' '04 POOLS BBOB CHICAGO. 



UJADM PI nruiwp should be worn, and one should be prepared 
IIWU for changes of weather and altitude. Good 
everyday clothes, golf and bicycle suits are suitable for both men 
and women for park traveling. A change suit for evening and 
dinner is desirable and a dress suit will be found convenient at the 
hotels. 




~* 



CASTLE GEYSER. YELLOWSTONE PARK. 



Wraps should be kept at hand and thick-soled shoes worn, as 
at Mammoth Hot Springs and among the geysers tiny streams of 
warm water may be encountered. Tinted glasses and service- 
able gloves should certainly be a part of one's outfit and a few 
simple remedies should be at hand in one's valise. 

A charge is made for hauling trunks between Gardiner and 
Mammoth Hot Springs and beyond, and they can be stored at the 
railway station at Livingston, if preferred, free of charge. It is 
not wise to take a trunk beyond the Springs hotel unless the 
tourist remains more than the usual time in the park, and special 
arrangements must be made to this end with the transportation com- 
pany at Mammoth Hot Springs. 

While it is advisable for those who go south of Mammoth Hot 
Springs to take a trunk as far as the Springs, a medium-sized grip 
or valise and a shawl strap will hold all that is necessary for the 
ordinary tour in the park. Laundering can be done for tourists at 
the Mammoth Hot Springs hotel while the trip through the park 
is being made. 

nnvm nouiur Tne disciples of Izaak Walton feel at home in 
ROYAL FlbHINh Yellowstone Park. There is lots of fishing 
and it is free to everybody under certain and easy restrictions. 



Some years since the United States Fish Commission planted 
different varieties of fish in various waters of the park. The re- 
sults have been such that, coupled with the fine fishing found 
before that time in Yellowstone lake and river, the streams in 
nearly all portions of the reserve now teem with trout of numerous 
species, grayling, brook trout, Loch Leven, etc., making this region 
the finest trout park in the world. 

In the region of Mammoth Hot Springs, the ordinary Rocky 
Mountain Trout (Salmo My kiss) are found in the Yellowstone river 
at Yankee Jim's Canon, and Rainbow Trout (Salmo Irideus] and 
Eastern Brook Trout (Salvelinus Fontinalis) in the Gardiner river 
and tributaries. 

From Norris Basin as a center, one will find Rainbow trout in 
the Gibbon river above Virginia cascade. 

At Lower Geyser Basin, the gamy Von Baer trout are found 
in Nez Perce creek near by. 

At the Upper Basin there is royal sport. Here the Loch Leven 
(Salmo Levenensis] trout are found in Fire Hole river. These fish 
were placed by the Fish Commis- 
sion above the Keppler cascade, 
and now they are found both 
above and below. An old-time 
angler who had fished all over 
the West, has said, regarding the 
trout fishing here: "Stopping four 
days at Upper Geyser Basin, our 
party (ten people) caught all we 
wanted to eat every day of the 
beautiful and gamy Loch Leven 
trout, right in the waters of the 
Fire Hole River, just below the 
'Lion,' 'Lioness' and 'Cubs' 
geysers. These fish have a 
golden yellow tinge, spots are 
black, and the flesh is fine- 
grained and hard, even when 
caught from waters tempered 
with the hot flood from geysers 
and thermal springs." 

At Yellowstone Lake Hotel, in the river below the outlet, there 
have been some famous catches of salmon trout with a fly, and 
trolling on the lake itself is attended with success. At the Grand 
Canon between the Upper and Lower Falls both the Rocky 
Mountain and Eastern brook trout may be caught. 

Grayling are found in the Madison and Gallatin rivers, and 
Whitefish in the Yellowstone lake and river, Twin Lakes and the 
Madison and Gardiner rivers. 

Yancey's, some eighteen miles from Mammoth Hot Springs 
reached also by trail from the Grand Canon is a famous place 
for trout fishing. This has always borne the reputation of affording 
the finest sport of any place in the park. As it is 

at present out of the line of the regular trip 

a special ex- 
cursion is 
necessary 




DETAIL OF STAIRWAY. 
OLD FAITHFUL INN." 




CASTLE GEYSER CONE. 




to reach it. It is doubtful if there is now any stream of moderate 
size, where trout may not be caught. At any rate, anyone who 
desires to indulge in this pastime has ample opportunity, both 
as to place and time, on the regular scheduled tour. 
TUC * MIMA l viwrnniw within recent years the increase in 
THE ANIMAL KINhUUM. the num ber of wild animals is very 
noticeable. The careful protection now accorded them causes 
them to multiply, and besides large numbers of bear, deer, moun- 
tain sheep, antelope, etc., there are a number of buffalo and many 
thousands of elk roaming the Park. The animals are harmless, 
and offer to molest no one. 

As a matter of fact, the animals now attract about as much 
attention as do the geysers, falls, etc. 

The elk and deer have become quite unconcerned regarding 
human beings and are not infrequently seen near the roadside 
and grazing in the vicinity of the hotels. The tourist season in 
the park is the annual feast time or vacation period for the bears 
grizzlies, brown and black. Morning and evening they frequent 

the garbage heaps 
and wax fat and 
sleek upon what 
the hotels throw 
away. Then the 
tourists flock out 
to watch and 
kodak the animals 
and extract a great 
amount of fun out 
of the antics of 
the beasts. 

Early in the Fall 
the animals come 
down from the 
hills and remain in 
the valleys during 
the winter and 

INTERIOR OF WAITING ROOM, N. P. RY. STATION AT GARDINER spring DuHllg 

this time the traveler who will run up to Gardiner from Liv- 
ingston for a day or two will see, on the flats and hills between 
Gardiner and Mammoth Hot Springs, many mountain sheep, ante- 
lopes, deer and elk. The sheep and antelopes are often thus seen 
in large herds. 

The buffalo, or bison, are in two herds. Those indigenous to 
the region are found in remote portions of the park and number 
perhaps twenty-five. Fecently a fresh lot of these animals has 
been bought by the Government and placed in the park and these 
are to be seen in a large pasture at Mammoth Hot Springs. It is 
hoped that by carefully watching and caring for them, these late 
arrivals will multiply and replenish the species, and already some 
success has been attained. 

PARK I ITFRATIIRF ^ nat has been written will serve to con- 
rAnri LilLriAIUnt vev something of an idea regarding the 
park and how to see it. For a more detailed description of the 
park from a scenic standpoint the reader is referred to our tourist 
literature. 

Each year the Northern Pacific Railway publishes a profusely 
illustrated "Wonderland" book of more than one hundred pages 
descriptive of the region which it traverses. This publication, 
which has become widely known, is not a reissue of any previous 
edition, but is entirely new and fresh both in text and illustration 
each year and always has a long chapter devoted to the park. 
The book can be obtained by sending six cents to A. M. Cleland, 
General Passenger Agent Northern Pacific Railway, St. Paul, 
Minn., or can be had free and in mailing envelopes at the hotel at 
Mammoth Hot Springs. The six cents barely covers cost of 
postage. The book for 1904 is known as "Wonderland 1904." 

For fifty cents, "Wild Flowers from Yellowstone," the daintiest 
flower book souvenir published, will be sent. It contains six half- 
tone illustrations of park scenery and eleven specimens of real wild 
flowers from the park, pressed and in their natural colors, together 
with their common and botanical names and a statement where 
the flowers may be found. 

After June 15, 1904, Mr. Cleland will send to any address, upon 
receipt of thirty-five cents, a large, finely colored Panoramic Picture 
of the park. This picture is unlike anything heretofore published, 




YELLOWSTONE LAKE. 

has been prepared at great expense, re-produces all the important 
points and topography of the park, and is valuable for the home, 
school-room, office and library. It will be mailed in tubes. 

The Northern Pacific desires to call special attention to "The 
Trail of Lewis and Clark, 1804-1904," a work just from the press of 
G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. This two-volume edition of 
Lewis and Clark has been prepared by Mr. Olin D. Wheeler, the 
well-known writer of the Northern Pacific's "Wonderland" series. 
It is profusely illustrated from photographs, maps and paintings 
made under the direction of writer who, for many years, has made 
a study of the subject, and has visited all the important points on 
the trail of the explorers and is thus familiar, from personal travel 
and knowledge, with the country in question. The work gives in 
an entirely new way the story of the great across-continent explo- 
ration instigated by Thomas Jefferson, recounts the history of the 
individual members of the expedition as far as known, correlates 
Western historical events, and shows the progress and changes 
which have occurred in the region in one hundred years. The 
celebration of the Louisiana Purchase at St. Louis in 1904, and of 
the Lewis and Clark exploration at Portland, Oregon, in 1905, 
make this book a timely one, largely based as it is upon the 
original investigations, research and explorations of the writer. 

Much of the route followed by Lewis and Clark is now followed 
by the Northern Pacific main line or its branches, so that the 
Northern Pacific's interest in this work is a natural one. 
TADI C nc niCTANPFQ The annexed table gives the correct 
IHBLC ur Uiaifinvca distances between the most important 

points. The intersetions 
between vertical and 
horizontal columns 
will show the 
number of 
miles. 



Gardiner 

Mammoth Hot Springs 

Golden Gate 

Obsidian Cliff 

Horns Geyser Basra 

Gibbon Meadows 

Gibbon Falls 

Lower Geyser Basin 

Eicelsior (Midway) Geyser . . 

Upper Geyser Basin 

Keppler's Cascade 

West Arm Yellowstone Lake. 

Yellowstone Lake Hotel 

Eayden Valley 

Grand Canon 



100 101 



117 




s: 



The small figures, in a few places, are the distances between the Grand Canon 
and the various points noted via the return road in the tour, from the canon to 
Norris. Adding together both large and small figures as they are found will give 
the total distance between such places as per the regular tour. 







\Gfi\A 




TRANQ P&riPIP TnilRQ The tide of travel across the Pacific 

TRANS-PACIFIC TOURS to the Orient is steadi]y growing . 

The acquisition of the Hawaiian Islands and the Philippines and 
the consequent increase in trans-Pacific trade has stimulated 
Oriental tourist travel. 

There can be no pleasanter trip for the Oriental or round-the- 
world traveler than to go up the lakes, travel west over the North- 
ern Pacific to Yellowstone Park, and then go on to Puget Sound 
and continue west across the Pacific. 

BOSTON STEAMSHIP COMPANY 

mut" and "Tremont," which sail from Seattle, via the northern 
route, for Yokohama, Kobe, Moji, Shanghai, Hong Kong and 
Manila. These steamers rank with the "Celtic," "Arabic," etc., 
among Atlantic liners, are twin-screw, io,ooo-ton vessels, more 
than 500 feet long and attain a speed of 15 knots. They 
each have accommodations for 56 first-class cabin passengers and 
no pains or expense has been spared to make these steamers the 
equals, in all respects, of any boats on the Pacific ocean. These 
steamers are of 58 feet beam and are 43 feet deep and, with their 
large bilge keels, are unusually steady in rough weather. The 
boats are equipped in modern fashion, in every respect, and are 
destined to become prime favorites with all who are fortunate 
enough to secure passage on them. 

All Northern Pacific agents in the large cities or its local 
agents will make berth and stateroom reservations and give infor- 
mation concerning sailings, or communications addressed to the 
General Passenger office at St. Paul, will receive prompt attention 



TROUTING WATERS, YELLOWSTONE PARK. VIEW BETWEEN UPPER AND 
LOWER FALLS AT GRAND CANON. 



THE GREAT LAKES AND THE PARK 

pleasure is that by way of the Great Lakes and Duluth to the 
park. 

The fine steamship "North West," of the Northern Steamship 
Company, leaves Buffalo every Saturday evening during the lake 
tourist season from June 15 to September 15, approximately for 
Duluth, and, returning to Buffalo, leaves Duluth every Tuesday 
evening. 

The character of this steamer is well known, it is, virtually, an 
ocean steamer on inland waters. 

Within a year 300,000 have been expended in improving and 
renovating the ship and the words "floating palace," hackneyed 
though they are, precisely fit it. The steamer is of 8,000 horse- 
power, and carries passengers only no freight. 

The tour of the lakes enables one to see the beautiful lake- 
shore cities of Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit, Superior and Duluth, 
also many points of historic interest, including particularly, 
Mackinac, at the junction of Lakes Huron and Michigan, and the 
Sault Ste. Marie. The early French and the priestly explorers of 
the Northwest traveled in canoes up and down the lakes and 
Mackinac and the "Soo" were important points on their journeys 
and the old chronicles see the Jesuit Relations, Parkman, Shea, 
etc. deal in detail with these places. 

From Duluth the park tourist has the privilege of visiting 
St. Paul and Minneapolis, on the way West, without additional 
charge. 

Those who plan to connect a tour of the park with that of the 
lakes, in either direction, will have no reason to regret the 
arrangement when it comes to carrying it out. 



THE LOWER. OR GREAT FALL, YELLOWSTONE PARK 




TABLE OF ELEVATIONS IN YELLOWSTONE PARK. 



MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS 

ELECTRIC PEAK 

BUNSEN PEAK 

MT. EVERTS 

GOLDEN GATE 

MT. HOLMES 

NORRIS GEYSER BASIN . . 
LOWER GEYSER BASIN . . 
MIDWAY GEYSER BASIN. 
UPPER GEYSER BASIN... 
YELLOWSTONE LAKE 

FLAT MOUNTAIN 

MT. SHERIDAN 

MT. LANGFORD 



MT. DOANE 

MT. STEVENSON .. 

JONES' PASS 

HAYDEN VALLEY . 
GRAND CANON 

MT. WASHBURN. .. 



AIR-LINE DISTANCE FROM 
WELL-KNOWN POINT. 



ELEVATION | 

above sea level.! 



Byroad from Gardiner, 5 miles 

8 miles northwest from Mammoth Hot Springs. 

4 miles south from Mammoth Hot Springs 

2 miles east from Mammoth Hot Springs 



4 miles south by road from Mammoth Hot Springs 

6 miles west from Obsidian Cliff 



^On western side of Park. SeeTlistance Table. 



Southeastern part of Park 

( 9 miles southeast from Lunch Station on Yellowstone I 
\ Lake 1 

12 miles south from Lunch Station on Yellowstone Lake. 
( 18 miles southeast from Hotel at Yellowstone Lake, I 
I on southeast shore f 

16 miles southeast from Hotel at Yellowstone Lake, I 

on southeast shore f 

. 16 miles southeast from Hotel at Yellowstone Lake, ( 

I near Mt. Doane I 

j In mountains on east shore Yellowstone Lake, east I 
I from Lake Hotel f 

Between Yellowstone Lake Hotel and Grand Canon 

Northern central part of Park 

7 miles northeast from Grand Canon Hotel 



NAMED AFTER 



6,215 ft. 

11,155 
9,100 
7,900 

About 7,300 

10,300 

About 7,700 
A bout 7,200 
About 7,200 
About 7,300 
7,721 

9,000 
10,200 
10,000 

10,500 
10,300 

9,450 

7,7<Xf to 7,800 
About 7,800 

10,000 



J Mammoth character ol phe- i 

' nomena f 

j Peculiar electric phenomena I 

I observed there ( 

R. M. Bunsen 

T. C. Everts 

Yellow color of the walls 

W. H. Holmes 

Col.P. W.Norris 



i 



From fiat top of the mountain. 

Gen. Phil. H. Sheridan 

N. P. Langford, St. Paul 

Lieut. G. C. Doane 

Jas. Stevenson 

Capt. W. A. Jones 

Dr. F. V. Hayden 

Grandeur of the sight 

Gen. H. D. Washburn 



IN GENERAL. 



Park tour proper begins and ends here. 

\ Northern boundary line of Park cuts the 
( mountain 

A celebrated chemist 

t Lost and was found near here after 37 
I days, nearly dead 

One mile long 

Director U. S. Bureau of Ethnology 

Second Superintendent of Park 

Named from their locations 

j One of the two largest navigated lakes in 
I the world at such an elevation 

U. S. A 

An old explorer and first Supt. of Park.. 

( U. S. A., commanded escort of Wash- 
i burn party 

Of the old Hayden Survey 

Engineer Corps, U. S. A 

In charge Hayden's former Survey 

! About 20 miles long to Tower Creek; 

1,200 feet deep 

i Former Surveyor-General of Montana 
"i and head of Washburn Party. 



ALASKA EXCURSIONS 

THE FOLLOWING ARE THE 

SAILING DATES OF PACIFIC COASTS. S. CO.'S STEAMER "SPOKANE" 

FROM 

TACOMA AND SEATTLE FOR THE SEASON OF 1904. 

STEAMER WILL LEAVE 

TACOMA 4.00 A.M., SEATTLE 9.00 A.M., AS FOLLOWS! 
STEAMER "SPOKANE." 



Leaved 



.4 TACOMA 
e i SEATTLE 

June 7 

June 21 

July 5 



4 TACOMA 
Leave } SEATTLE 

July 19 

August 2 

August 16 



ki SEATTI ' K 
k 



June ............. 16 

July .............. 2 

July .............. 16 



Duo Back ) SEATTLE 
j TACOMA 

July 3O 

August 13 

August 27 



The round-trip rate from St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth or the Superiors to Sitka, 
including berth and meals north of Tacoma and Seattle on the excursion steamer 
"Spokane," will be $190. 

Tickets will be limited to nine months, good going ninety days to first station en 
route in State of Washington. 

The steamer "Spokane" will be run for the excursion travel, and the route will be 
arranged to give passengers an opportunity of seeing all interesting and accessible 
glaciers, including Glacier Bay; stops will be made at the most important ports, the 
trip occupying about twelve days north of Tacoma or Seattle. No local, second-class 
or steerage passenger will be carried. 

Diagrams of Alaska steamers will be found in the hands of general and district 
passenger agents of the Northern Pacific, who will reserve accommodations for it 
patrons. Th above schedule mu-i be considered :i- approximate only. I .mi-i-i- 
-limilil roiiiinunlcute with .Northern Pacific General mid IMntrtct I'uHHenjfer Aieuiitx, 
or u it It A. M. Clelund, General PaoHeiiffer Atfcnt, St. I*uul, Minn., reffurdlnit nullliitcM. 

The White Pass and Yukon route from Skaguay across the White Pass, opens up a 
new and inviting field for travel into the Klondike and Atlin regions. The rail line 
extends from Skaguay to While Horse and from there to Dawson Upper Yukon steamers 
are used, and the trip occupies less than fifty hours. Atlin is reached from Caribou. 
Hotels are found at all points and they are good and prices reasonable. 

_ rt Kound-trip excursion tickets are on sale daily at St. Paul.Min- 

OAST neapolis or Duluth, via Northern Pacific Kailway, to Tacoma, 

Portland, Seattle, Everett, Bellingham (Whatcom), Vancouver, 

EXCURSIONS B. C. , or Victoria and return, at rate of $90. Tickets may r*Bd 
going via Northern Pacific returning same route, or via Great 

Northern Railway or Soc-Pacific Route to St. Paul. Minneapolis or Duluth, or via Billings 
and theB.& M. B. It. It. direct or via Denver to the Missouri River. Portland tickets will 
be issued good to return via Huntingdon to Omaha or Kansas City, or through Sioux City 
to St. Paul. Round-trip excursion tickets are also on hale via Northern Pacific Railway 
to San Francisco, via the Shasta Route or ocean, returning the same way, or to any 
Missouri River terminal, or Mineola or Houston, at rate of $105.00; to St. Louis or 
New Orleans at $111.00; to St. Paul or Minneapolis, via the Missouri River, at $112.50. 
The above tickets are good for nine months, with a going limit of ninety days to first 
station en route in State of Washington and permit of stop-overs in both directions. 
The rates shown above are subject to change. 

Low excursion rates are in effect to Montana and Eastern Washington points. 

Call upon or write any of the following agents for a copy of our tourist book, 
WONDERLAND 1901," enclosing six cents in stamps. 

iy All rates and arrangements set forth in this folder are subject to change without 
notice further than that required by law. 



For further Information in regard to the Great Northwest, details aa to rate*, route*, 
with maps, etc., eall on or adrireMi, your neureHt ticket agent, or any of the follow- 
ing representative** of the Northern 1'aclflc Railway* 

BOSTON, MASS.-2OT Old South Building. 

0. E. FOSTER District Passenger Agent. 

BUFFALO, N. Y. 215 Ellicott Square. 

WM. G. MASON District Passenger Agent. 

BUTTE, MONT.-Park and Main Streets. 

W. H. MEBRIMAN General Agent. 

CHICAGO, ILL. 208 South Clark Street. 

C. A. MATTHEWS General Agent Pass'r Department. 

J. C. THOMPSON District Passenger Agent. 

CINCINNATI, OHIO 40 East Fourth Street. 

J. J. FERRY., District Pass'r Agent D. L. ROBB, Trav. Frt. and Pass'r Agent. 

DBS MOINES, IOWA 818-319;Citizens Bank Building. 

E. D. ROCKWELL District Passenger Agent. 

DETROIT, MICH.-153 Jefferson Avenue. 

W. H. WHITAKER District Passenger Agent. 

DULUTH, MINN.-332 W. Superior Street. 

T. E. BLANCHE General Agent. 

HELENA, MONT.-Main and Grand Streets. 

E. 8. RICHARDS Acting General Agent. 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 12 Jackson Place. 

P. W. PUMHILL District Passenger Agent. 

MILWAUKEE, WIS. 316-317 Herman Building. 

('HAS. O. TROTT District Passenger Agent. 

MONTREAL, QUE. Temple Building, St. James Street. 

G. W, HARDISTY District Passenger Agent. 

NEW YORK CITY 319 Broadway. 

W. F. MERSHON General Agent Passenger Department. 

PHILADELPHIA. PA.-711 Chestnut Street. 

1. M. BOBTLE District Passenger Agent. 

PITTSBURG, PA.-305 Park Building. 

C. E. BRISON District Passenger Agent. 

PORTLAND, ORE.-255 Morrison Street. 

F. O'NEILL, District Pass'r Agent E. L. HATBCRN, Traveling Pass'r Agent. 

SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.-641 Market Street. 

T. K. STATELER General Agent Passenger Department. 

SEATTLE, WASH.-First Avenue and Yesler Way. 

I. A. NADEAO General Agent. 

SPOKANE, WASH.-Riverside and Howard Streets. 

J. W. HILL General Agent. 

ST. LOUIS. MO.-210 Commercial Building. 

P. H. NOEL District Passenger Agent. 

ST. PAUL. MINN.-Fourth and Broadway. 

HARRY W. SWEET, District Pass'r Agt GEO. W. MCCASKEY., District Pass'r Agt. 

TACOMA. WASH.-926 Pacific Avenue. 

A. TINLING General Agent. 

VANCOUVER, B. C.-430 Hastings Street. 

J. O. McMULLEN.v General Agent. 

VICTORIA, B. O. 

0. E. LANQ General Agent. 

WALLACE, IDAHODepot. 

J. G. BOYD General Agent 

WINNIPEG. MAN. 

H. SWINPOBD General Agent. 

PORTLAND, ORE. 

A. D. CHARLTON Assistant General Passenger Agent. 



J. M. HANNAFORD, 

SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT, 



A. M. CLELAND, 
GENERAL PASSENGER AGENT, 



3T. RAUL, MINN. 
22 



MSB .:-'?." SSJ| 



;|tllXI? ? ' :