(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Naval Attache's Reports, Office of Naval Intelligence"



. 



NAVAL 

ATTACHE'S 
REPORTS 

O.N.I. 



MARCH 1915 



^CLASSIFIED 



«i2^^'njj£ 



NWC ARCHIVES 



DECLASSIFIED 









(^CLASSIFIED ) 



5&-W-..-J 



from Library 



■W 



;TTT , IA * c 6d MEMO 0? 3 MAX X97S, SygJx 

Jgggg^ OK WWII RECORDS 



I 



ITatio* Turkey. 

Report from (J.-S.S.SCOBSIOB. 

Date of Report. . .March 1,1915. 



3 






Port. . . . .Constantinople. 



I«7| 



1. Following is a list of the Turkish fleet as it exists 
at present. This is, I "believe, -nearly complete, and vessels appearing 
im n Jane's Fighting fhips, 1913" , which are not on this list,ha¥e,as 
far as iiaaan determine, he on lost,destroyed, condemned, or unfit for 
use.Where I have made note of the batteries, the actual battery 
differs from that given in Jane. In some oases his classification 
and tonnage is not correct according to information here, but the 
differences are small. The names are confusing, hard to obtain, as 
they are in Turkish, and the English spelling is Mostly phonetic. 



TTaae. 

Sultan Seliai (Goebenf 



Class 



Battle-Cruiser 



Remarks 

See list of German 
ships in Jane. Said to 
have hull badly damag 
ed.JTow udergoing re- 
pairs at 5 tenia. 



4-6 in; 2-3 in; 2-57 sua. 
Bee list of Gercaaa 
ships in Jane.JToWin 
dry" dock, in Golden 
Horn, repairing, but un- 
able to get particulars. 
Has 6-3 in; in place of 
2-3 pdrs. 

Has 6-47 m;;i;in place of 
3-pdrs,ar^d 1-pdrs. 



(4-120 mm: 3-76 mm: 
:2-47 ma: 2 Hotehkiss. 
(Hefiz i?e is, and Is ar 
(Reis - 420 tons. 



2-57 msi; 2-47 am. 
4-57 m&. 

2-57 am: 2-47 m . . 

1-76 ma: 3-47 ma, 

(198 tons; 2-57 w:. 

:2-47 m.i. 

( 

f 

(510 tons. 2-4 in; 
:2-47 «ii 2-1 j mm: R.F. 
( machine. 
( 



Haireddim Barbarosse 
Torgut 2eis 
Muin-i~Zaffer 
Midilli (Breslau) 



Battleship 

tt tt t» 

Coast Defence 
Protected Cruiser 



Hanidieh 
^ Medjidieh 



Protected Cruiser 
Protected Cruiser 



J> 



Peik-i-Shevket 
Birki-Satvet 


Torpedo Gun 

- it trtt it ti h 


Burak Reis 


Gunboat ) 


Hefiz, or Hidzlz, 


It u it . 

• 


Issar.or Glassia Reis 


n tnt \ 


Marmaris 


tt it tt \ 


nerchehir 


Gu til oat 


Tach^eupiau 
Suhof,or Soas 


n tt tt 
it n it 


Yozgad 


H tflt 


Sourilbahir 


tT It It 


iiasri 


r 

Gunboat) 


Seyar 

Chifket Uouaa 


n tt tt . 

• 

ttittt \ 


Barik-i-r.afir 


n n it j 


Aidin Reis 


Gunboat ) 


Douruk Reis 


it tt H . 

• 


Reviza 


it tt tt ) 


Lakis 


tt it it j 


Kara sun d 


Mine Depot 


Tiri-:,lud;jian 
Karia-Denez 


Repair "hip 
Iran sport 


Ak-Donez 


n ti it 


Bahr-Ahaed 


n ti it 


Rechid-?acha 


« ti »t 


Gul Djeniad 


Tt tltl 


Halep 
Cefket Pacha 


It Iftt 
tt tl tt 


Hela 


nti ti 


Alesandra 


mt tt 


Sabah 


tt tt tt 


Constant in 


Tt 11 tt 


Meraereh 


It tttt 


Sejah 


tt tt H 



•hip 




Reported sunk 



SUBJECT 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October J^ ^ ^ VefUrtWd. 

MAR 26 191b 
Italian Submarines rent tc ice. 



From. 



T 



A^ $*.. Date Sw«?fe..Si 



Replying to 0. N. I. No. ..— ""." ~~ ~ Date 




1. I understand for stratv.fie reasons thot the 
subn-arine flotilla of the Italian Savy will be >iliacd at 
Venice, luring the last week the following sub;:, ri have 
arrived there:- G , , 0A 9 . , . f 

Jo..-.. , .; \ , I 0, The 1110 is always there. 
There is mother submarine on her way at thr present time. 
This is undoubtedly a precaution taken against the declaration 
of war by Italy against ustria. 




\JL Need not be r^utm£fL^^ s , 






<■ 



^'3 




LOSS Of AFRICAN STEAMERS "EVELYN* and " CAMB". 



157 March 3, 1915. 



Reference:- Z-135 of February 34, 1915. 



A full investigation of this loss with testimony 
taken under oath before the IT* B* Consul at Bremerhaven is to be 
forwarded by the Consul to the State Department as soon as it can 
be written up. In the meantime to clear wp some points for the 
Ambassador I went to Hret^n and had a talk with each of the 
captains. 

Captain E d r a r L.Cole of the steamer "CARIB" 
says that he came to the Nab Lightship ( Isle of Wirht) and took 
a Trinity House pilot who took the ship to the Downs where they 
anchored. Owir^g-to bad weather the boarding officer could not 
cone aboard for^lays. 

The ship was cleared some hours after being: boarded. 

The boarding officer whom he thought had the rank of 
Lieutenant ( R.N.R.) showed him the courses which was considered 
best to pet to the Hoek of Holland, but expressly stated he pave 
no advise as to the route to be pursued whether by way of Farn 
Island or by the Butch coast. 

Captain Cole proceeded under British pilotage to 
the Sunk Lightship where the pilot left him. :ie then went to 
Galloper Lightship and to North Hui &®r Lightship where he 
anchored for the nirht. In the morning' he proceeded to the 
Shuan Lirhtship and counted 14 drifting mines between Tlorth 
Huider and Shuan Lightships. 

He described these mines in a sketch as fOllOWS :- 



'L^ 



j&^*+***^ >^-<L~ 






He made the Mrs* Lirhtship and went to the :iook of 
Holland to pet a pilot who was to ibe provided for him by his 
acents. 

The next day the pilot came down and although the man 
afterwards turned out to be not a licensed Dutch rover :ment 
pilot, yet, he had a .nded ships and appeared to know his 
business. Anyhow he was the pilot furnished by his arents. 

As the lopbook was lost in the accident for various 
matters the oapatln had to rely on his memory *>^ C^rs ^?o lemeTHs 



i 



s. 



k 



- 3 - 

He proceeded to make the trip to the mouth of 
the Weser over the course followed successfully by American 
cotton ships which have been coming to Bremerhaven lately. 

At about 11 a.m. February 99d in hazy weather 
about 10 miles N by W of Norderney Lighthouse an explosion 
occurred under the fire-room which broke the back of the 
ship, blww up the boiler and covered the ship with coal dust 
so that for some minutes nothing could be seen. 

The boats were manned, lowered, and all hands 
rescued except the engineer, fireman and coal passer of 
the watch. 

The boats were picked up 1 1/3 hours afterwards 
by the German naval patrolling steamer "ANNIE BUSSEY" which 
had been anchored about three miles away from the scene of 
the accident. 

The "ANNIE BUSSEY" did not seem to have heard the 
explosion. Captain Cole reports that he was treated 
with great consideration. Owing to a heavy fog the patrol 
boat could not go in for two days, but sent a wireless 
message to Wilhelmshaven where they were subsequently landed. 

Captain Cole said he had no reason to believe 
that there was a submarine boat involved, but considered he 
had run into a mine field. If the weather had not been thick 
he feels that the German patrol boat would have sighted him 
and guided him safely through. 

Prom something he has heard he understood that the 
mines are so arranged that a ship may catch a line connecting 
mines together and swing one or more around so as to explode 
against the ship amids&ips. 

Captain Cole is a Clyde Line captain of many 
years standing and appeared to be a reliable and intelligent 
man and one who stated all he knew without reservation or 
bias. 



Captain David T. Smith of the steamer 
"EVELYN" stated that he took a pilot off the Nab and anchored 
in the Downs. Was boarded by a British Lieutenant (H.N.R. ) 
at 8 in the evening. Permission to continue the voyage 
was given at 4 a.m. The British boarding officer drew on 
the chart two routes, on9 via Holland, as far as the Mass 
light vessel, the other to Fam Island. He said these 
routes were considered the safest, but he had no authority to 
direct or advite<which wae to be followed, all he would say 
was that the other American cotton vessels which had taken 
the route via Holland had gotten through safely. He gave no 
information in regard to courses to be followed beyond the 
Mass Lightship. 

The "EVELYN" put into Rotterdam for a pilot, 
coal and water. Coal could not be obtained but he got a pilot 
and some water to steady the ship which was cranky because 
of nearly empty bunkers. According to his reckoning 10 miles 
E.N.E. from the regular position of Borkum lightship at 
about 4 a.m. an explosion under the bow occurred which blew 
up the fore peake and the ship settled. The boats were 
manned and lowered in about 15 minutes when Just as he was 
leaving the ship a second explosion at the bow occurred 
which blew up more of the ship forward. 



I 






) *•■*.. 

The ship had no headway at the time of the second 
explosion. It would appear that the ship struck a mine 
which exploded and subsequently the bow settled on another 
mine, or in some way drifted over another mine. There was 
no reason to suppose that there was a submarine or other 
vessel in the vicinity. 

The crew were 30 hours in the open boats and 
nearly exhausted when one boat was picked up by the German 
naval patrol boat "SENATOR STRAT«. The "SENATOR STRAT* 
sent a radio message to Wilhelmshaven and the commandant 
sent out a hydro-aeroplane and two torpedo bOatn which 
located the missing boat. One man had died in this boat 
from exhaustion. 

Captain Smith told his story and answered questions 
frankly and without reservation. 




Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) J^eed flOt be T^tUmed, 



SUBJECT NEUTRAL TRADE TO ENGLAND DURING SUBMARINE 
BLOCKKDE. 



Z 138 March 3, 1915. 

From No Date , 191 

Replying to O. N. I. No Date , 191 



The Swedish Naval Attache* tells me that he thinks 
the Naval Conference between Norway t Denmark and Sweden , now being 
held at Copenhagen have decided to convoy their ships boud to 
England. For this purpose some converted cruisers are to be used 
in order not to endanger their men-of-war. 

The converted cruisers will have naval officers 
and crew and will be painted to be easily distinguished. 

Contraband is not to be allowed on ships under 
convoy. Re believes that they will be forced by Germany to 
consider as contraband in trading to England articles which England 
claims as contraband for neutral trading to Germany* 



! 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions 



otifrmdwrn be returned. 









SUBJECT LMS. of . AFRICAN ..STEAMERS "EVELYN* and «CARIB' 



Z 139 March 3, 1915. 
From No Date , 191 

Replying to O. N. I. No Date , 191 



I forward herewith a copy of the notices 
to mariners with items concerning the danger involved in approaching 
the German coast otherwise than as laid down in these notices. 

I am informed by the Admiralty Staff that 
these notices were sent to all neutral countries through the 
usual diplomatic channels as soon as thay were published. 



m 



r a n 3 1 a t i o n s 




316l/l4 SHIPPING IN THE NQRT T I SEA. STATEMENTS. 

A I? 11663, "ovember 9, 1914. 

The British government, on the ^d of November 
1914, has, under the falsejaccusation thatn Germany had 
laid mines in the North Sea by Ilospitalships and merchant- 
ships under a neutral flair, published a proclamation 
-"or shipping to and in the North Sea, in which the ships 
were recommended, under the pretense of the danger of mines, 
to take the course through the English Channel, the Downs 
and alongside of the English east coast and at the same 
time warnings were given against the route through the 
northern North Sea, around the Orkneys and the Shetland 
Islands, on account of the possible rl w*-*r Sf mines. 

Attention must he invited to the faot that the 
itars of the northern North Sea, inclusive the line 
from the Hebrides over the Faro Islands to Island, the 
waters of the Norwegian coast and in the Skagerrack all 
have lapths which exclude all possibility of laying Mines. 
On the other hand it is wall known that in the Southern 
North Sea and in the English Channel numerous mines, and 
as has been determined., of English and French origin, 
are drifting around, which are not yet brought to explosion, 
and that in many places along the route of the English 
coast, ree< isn&ad by England, mines have been laid, some 
of them having baen found drifting about. 

For shipping the route recommends^ by 
England through the Channel, through the Downs and along- 
side the English east coast forms therefore a severe 
danger, while the route through the northern North Sea 
is free of mines and therefore without danger. 



- 3 - 



377o/l4 GERMANY . &SMB3M DESTINATION OE 

NORTH SEA PORTS. INSTRUCTIONS, 



As steer in?* point for merchant ships to the 
North Sea ports of the Jade, Weser, Elbe, 
and Eider, the Listertief Buoy has b een designated. 
The steering towards the Eras remains as in time of peace. 
The regulations of N.f.S. 14-3348, Chiffre 3, Section 3 
on page 1, 3880 , Chiffre 3, Section 3, of pare S8| and 
9433, Section 3 on page 3, are at the same time countermanded. 

Approximate position of the Listertief -Buoy: 
55° 3 3/4 ■ N, 8° 17 l/?« 0. 



9373/14 GERMAN BAY, WARNING. 

H. 6944, August 34th 1914. 

During the war, ships which run v/ithout the 
regulation lights or which anchor, expose themselves to 
be fired at. ( In the German Bay of the North Sea.) 
At night no merchant ships or fishing craft etc. are 
permitted to approach the German Bay. 

Shb. North Sea. Eastern portion. 1911. S. 35, 



3093/14 GERMAN BAY. REGULATION OF SHIPPING. 

XXXIBS$|XIfigX3I?XX8XSXX 

H. 9343, November 4, 1914. 

The following regulations regarding the shipping 
in the German Bay are published in addition to N.f.S. 14- 
3770 on page 31:- 

X* The steering on of steamships on the German coast, 
running up mouths of rivers and the leaving 
from it is only permitted from sunrise to sunset 
in clear weather. Ships which attempt it in the 
darkness or in foggy weather, expose themselves 
to be fired on. 

3. All merchant ships bound for the Eider, El be , 
W e s e r , and Jade have to stop first 
at the Listertief-Buoy. Ships designated for 
the Ems can go at once directly to their 
destination. 

3. Beginning at the Listertief Buoy, in the interest 
of the safety of the ships , unconditional 
pilot compulsion conmences. The pilotsa are 
detailed from the pilot steamer there. The orders 
of the pilot will have to be followed uncondition- 
ally. Whoever does not follow out the directions 
of the pilot, or who does not take a pilot to 
the German Bay exposes himself to great danrer. 



- 3 - 



4. If pilots can not be obtained on account of bad 

weather or for soma other reasons, they will have 
to anchor, or return to the sea. 

5. Departing stealers receive their pilots and directions 
from the port authorities. 

6. The sane regulations hold good for foreign men-of-war. 

7. Shipping for sailing vessels to and from the ports of 
the German Bay is, on account of the accompanying 

nrer, discontinued. 

8. The regulations of the N. f.S. ( Hews for Mariners) 
14-3343 on page 1 concerning the regulation of 
shipping in the fortified ports and mouths of rivers, 
are with the exception of the second section of 
Chif^re 3, which is countermanded, not changed. 

i 
Approximate position of Lstertief-Buoy :- 
*55° 3 5/4« N, 8° 17 l/?*» 0. 



33/l5. GERMAN BA3T and SAILING TO IT. WARNIIIG. 



Sailing into the German Bay and the waters 
immediately bordering on it, with the exception 
of the routes given in News for Mariners 14-9770 
and 3093 on page 31 and S3 for the steering on 
to the German river mouths, is connected with 
great danger. Warning is therefore given against 
fishing and sailing in these waters. 

As English craft under the use of neutral 
flags and appearing to be fishing, are performing 
service as observers and spies for the English fleet, 
the German fleet is compelled to take all neos nsary 
military measures against any suspicious vessel. 
For the safety of shipping it is recommended to 
avoid the above mentioned waters. 

Shb. North Sea ( Eastern Part, 19X1 , S.35 
and supplement. 



3 



WMWWI-r 



The American Embassy was advised through the Note 
Verbale of November 14, 19X4, No. II U 4970, of the 
regulations governing shipment in the German Bight of the 
Uorth Sea. According to them, all vessels bound for 
German 1,'orth Sea ports should steer to the Lister-Deep 
Buoy and there take on a German pilot who can be picked 
up from the pilot ship station there, as he is the only 
person able to give reliable information regarding the 
safe navigation of the German Bight. The American cotton 
steamers M lvelyn M and "Carib" endeavored, contrary to thes e 
regulations, to reach the mouth of the ?**eser river by 
sailing along the Bast-F*i*ian coast islands without 
making for the Lister Deep and without taking on a German 
pilot. In consequence they ran upon mines. Subsequent 
investigations have shown that the captain of the steamer 
"-Evelyn" was acquainted with the regulations and disre- 
garded them merely in order to make a record and to save 
time, while the captain of the *Cerib M alleges to have 
had no knowledge of such regulations. The American eot- 
ton steamer "Osmulgu" (osmulgee?) also followed the 
wrong route. Thanks, however, to a piece of good for- 
tune, she was able to reach her destination and did not 
share the fate of the two other vessels. 

ich of the three steamers had taken on a Butch 
pilot in Rotterdam. According to the facts thus far 

established, these persons were not reliable. As it 

does not appear impossible that the pilot service is 
being subjected by hostile parties to influences tending 

to 



- 2 - 



to endanger neutral shipping bound for German waters, 
care has been taken to call once more the particular 
attention of the representatives of the American steam- 
ship Lines in Holland tfe the regulations published in 
the "Naehrichten fur Seefahrer". Furthermore, the 
Admiralty has caused the following announcement to be 
printed in the same publication: 

* Frequent accidents warrant further reference 

H 

to the directions published in the "Machrichten fiir 
Seefahrer*, Nos. 2770 and 3093, 1914, and 33, 1915, 
regarding the approaches to German river mouths from 
the Itorth Sea and to the urgent warning against the 
route along the £ast -Frisian Ie^tlands. Ml ves- 
sels proceeding from the Putsch coast to the Heli-" 

1- 
goland Bight are recommended to steer from the Tersche 

ling Lightship first to about 55 degrees Horth Latitu 

and then to the Lister Deep Buoy* 
Reference is, however, again made, at the same time, 
to the fact that the northern Route around Scotland to 
Lister Deep Buoy as recommended in the "Hachrichten fiir 
Seefahrer No. 3161, 1914, offers the greatest freedom from 
danger. 

The Imperial Foreign Office has the honor to sug- 
gest to the American Embassy the advisability of ac- 
quainting its Government of the foregoing information. 

Berlin, March 3, 1915. 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions 



of Week nbk be returned. 

rrpr"' 



SUBJECT 



3 

Co 

LOSS OF AMERICAN STEAMERS "EVELYN" and »CARIB«. 



From 



No. 



144 Date March 4, 1915* 



Replying to O. N. I. No Date 



-, 191 



, 191 



When replying to cabled inquiries as to the 
position where the "EVELYN" and "CARIB" were lost, I gave the 
latitude and longitude of the Admiralty Staff which was the first 
available. 

The figures given were "EVELYN":- 53° 53*' N 
latitude; 6° 7* E. long.; for the »CARIB«* 53° 56 • N. Lat., 
and 6° 56 • E. Long. These figures vary somewhat, although not 
materially from the figures given me later by the captains of the 
ships themselves, which were for the "CARIB* 10 miles N by W from 
Norderney Light and for the "EVELYN" 10 miles 111 from Borkum 
Light Vessel. 

As cable despatches seem to be uncertain 



I forwarded the latitude and 
to Lieut. Commander Train 
to the Secretary of the Navy, 



longitude given by the Admiral Stab 
in Rome for transmission and also 



I likewise cabled my answer to the Secretary 
of the Navy*s cable commencing tt Divendemur allidatis" through 
Train. 

Of course it Is not possible to state 
absolufctly what kind of a mine or what nation's mine these ships 
ran on but from my talks with the captains given in report tto. 139 
I concluded (1) that the two ships ran into tim^msm field of 
anchored mines, (3) That neither ship had the intention of p:oing 
to Listertief Buoy for a pilot as directed by the German government, 
but were heading for the entrance to the Weser. (3) That it is 
not probable that the ships were torpedoed, both from the 
circumstances and from the fact that the Germans are not using 
their submarines to attack in this manner. Ships evidently bound 
for a German port would not be attacked and also the German 
submarines appear to be taking care to satisfy themselves as to 
nationality before firing. 

As the log-books of both ships went down 
with them, there is no chance of checking up the positions of 
the ships more accurately. 




copy. 



LEG AT I Oil OP 3WEDE1T 



3HI1TGT0N,D.C. 




March' 5, 1915 



3 



3 1915 



Sir: 

Following directions from my Government I have the 
honor to invite your Excellency's attention to the fact 
that according to a long tradition the territorial waters 
of Sweden extend four nautical miles (4 minutes or 7420 
metres) from the coast or from the fur the rest outlying islets 
or skerries, which are not continually washed over by the 
sea. 

With renewed assurances of my highest consideration, 
I have the honor to remain your Excellency's most obedient 
servant, 

A P Ekengren 



His Excellency 

The Honor able "'.J.Bryan, 
Secretary of State, 
etc ,etc,etc , 




r\ 



(M 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of Octo$tf$ifft($P*' &C T€tllVTi>CCl £ 

MAR 






3 
6 



SUBJECT S ? T U A T I N to MA R H 6th 1915, [0 



Z 147 March 6, 1915. 
From No Date , 191 



Replying to O. N. I. No. ~ ""*~"~!!" ".. Date 



The attitude of the public and press, which was 
iolently anti-American after the publication of the American 
ote of warning with regard to attacks by submarines without 

investigation of the nationality of the ship, has considerably 

change d. 

The popular notion of our attitude in Germany at 
that time was that we were seeking to break up the German plan 
of cutting off food from England and at the same time failing 
in our position as neutrals by not insisting on the right to bring 
food to Germany in our ships* 

Feelinp^an very high and I believe we were near a 
serious break about the middle of February. Fortunately some 
cool heads intervened to put a check on the press which is still 
held down with regard to its coioments on American relations. 

In the meantime the fact that America has an actual 
dispute with England and France in regard to the rights of neutral 
ships to do business with Germany has again given rise to hopes 
that we will strongly support the German position which calls for 
the freedom of the seas in accordance with the London Declaration 
or the earlier Paris treaty. 

THE SUBMARINE BLOCKADE. 

It is not yet time to get reliable information with 
regard to the success of the submarine boats in their commerce 
destroyinrs. 

The German Nafry Department professes to be satisfied 
with what has been accomplished. It is claimed that a number of 
ships have been destroyed whose names the English government has 
failed to give out. Also that the loss from indirect causes 
due to the fear of submarines is very great. I believe the submarine 
warfare is aimed at the food supply of England and that the 
com sanding officers received very strict orders to be careful 
about neutrals. 

OTHER NAVAL ACTIVITIES. 

The attacks on the Dardanelles are causing great 
interest and also some uneasiness here. A successful naval and 
array operation which would bring about the fall of Constantinople 
would be a rreat blow to Germany. 

I have heard that the "GOEBEN" has been repaired 
of the damage caused by the striking of a mine. 

A Swiss newspaper seated that her heavy runs \vere 
being taken to the Dardanelles to strengthen the batteries there 
but this appears doubtful. 



2 - 



THE WESTERN ARI/1IES. 

The position warfare continues with considerable 
losses on both sides but not much in the way of advances 
on either side. 

Surgeon Ohnesorp; has just returned from the 
front at the 5th Army in the Argonnen Forest * etc. and reports 
that the spirit and cheerfulness is excellent and that there 
appears to be plenty of food and equipment. 

The confidence of the Army is absolute and they say 
to all inquiries that whan the right time cornea they will break 
through and win. 

THE EASTERN ARMIES. 

There has been no more brillant battle than the nine 
days fight in East Prussiai known as the "winter battle". 
February 6th to 15th ). 

The Russian Tenth Army was surrounded and destroyed. 
Over one hundred thousand unwound© d prisoner a, Including eleven 
renaraast three hundred guns were taken. 

Further operations are in programs and important 

developments are to be expected in this month in Poland. 



eednotbe 

(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) 



ft 

til* 



SUBJECT 



L 



s s 



of vj b n r i n • it a •. 



2 



( 






From 



No. 



148 Date March .6., 1915, 



., 191 



Replying to O. N. I. No Date 



., 191 



The following is given out with repard to 



the loss of this vessel :- 



US* SUNK. 



TTolff Telfcraph Bureau reports :- 

According to an official publication of the British 
Admiralty • U 8 ■ was sunk yesterday evening in the 
vicinity of Dover by an English torpedoboat. The 
crew was saved. 



The Acting Chie*r of the Admiralty Staff 
(Sig. )Behnc)re. ■ 




(See Paragraph 4, Instructions 



f . t JSTeednot be relumed. 

of Octdfrer^T; reoo.) 



RticewtitD 



cr/»j»r<r OERIiAN NOTE ABOUT AMERICAN STEAMERS ■EVELYN* and 
SUB J ECT r C ARIB». 









From 



No. 



149 Date. : arch 6, 1915. 



-, #/ 



Replying to O. N. I. No. Date 



:, Wl 



I forward attached the translation of a German 
note to our ambassador referring to the lost steamers ■EVEXiTK* 
and tt CARIB« and also privinp Important hydro graphic information 
relative to approaching the Oernan coast. 

Tim : r ull texts was cabled hy the Embassy to 
the State Departeaent to— day. 




2feed not be returned. 

19; 










lent of the I 
in - - ' - - ' - 

notes - lish co rew. 

1 Michaelia, 

: it ion i:o li ; o_ ,7 1915. 



confusion 3ec oriel _ 1 of 

•e, t. ' :. . ,e Pc le 

re more re cl sarly recc Lzec i 

hem L pire . allied ' - 

cross i"/Jd liiee in s dlitai $r* The 

srioz fcers " 

. es in " " . 1 j Fre ok I cle 

consif " orce, ': a "bloodily repulsed, bto 

gained possession of the enemy 1 osition on the he q, 

, - b of s. ill moi uccess on 

stern edpe of osges. are reneh troops -..ere forced 

.7 over iOiit of ' kilometers ix 

eters. pus-hefl : .. ~ il" 

, " • renen to .e "bio . roke 

dei the - fire. - 4 '• ' la, " :ck o: - 

s quickly compensated. In the ' ns , ' fel ks 

:ed - 3o fehe Russian ste -voile . en 

Lnst the i3 .11. fcd .. on te: . , so h 3:1 

Lnes in le :s^ [ere ] cc tsional losses, 

struct ion of IT h-C r , oannot 1 f .c b 

nfcinuingly unsettled ' ; bhe 
Voice . bill one does n< ie 

. sea; still less can it he . b in this directic 

ill red. -ere is here no ;ic bluff, 

on the con , bee a 

the ire, ev rely been long convinced. 

ct the nervousness o± ' ;ion is the ' . 

ter the hope of help Zi ;he Japanese ' to be idle, ''loan 

.', : in bh ius unconcealed desi 1 emony of China be 

inp to the Lt c _o rs, ich endeavored by a si 

Lve 3 turn iter - one 

.. . , uelles vere ood one : 

epinninp 0: 1 eek. ' , ir, cti 

^ces, 
le to ace lish '_. . vfc no t ooess, yet 

ined j of the .. , .e 

jciraiia: 1 .to have been ;e. 

side ' : ot lie rerloo] eel. '. 

bo : ; .a t tt: c" 3 

' . forces '] , 

. not vet decide" 11 lead ' . Id 

Le r v< ierfioi oceefl ) assume 

fc the ' '. 1 E it 

• 56 &OOC 

. ... 

sen the ' , " L Bision, 

\ , nt Hit; 3dttidbtt 

Jaeithei ■ land v/j 

. 

] too 

1 - ~iy. 

. , Hill 

1, Vive ... prax, i ot 

w be out LI, It is certain - 






In : - '. 30 „wult ; 11; le to maintain her 

re 3. 1- ' ns, ! 3 ' I 3 , 

In - - ' a. jr i 
Je 




- T c. ed Rre.i : . In possibilities 

1 lit at 

: ". :i. i a , 

;es - re 

a Allied 1 bhg 

one o:: i rijc 1 . nee. 

Unless c. . .. eceptiire, thj 

; : ie re,; : sen tUae ... 

es o '. - ric not© q . .". , n 

g: ::ce , co. i ee ;c 

note oi ;o_o ue /. ins . lie dne c 

.... 

urtj ar i " n, ©once: 

mines inss ell ..'...-,... " , 

nee tc &t . ezsn , 

alilioo," q.q Id not "be 

.. lis . :■ con 3 . ...... a i enly c 

to ] 
tent tc . 11 
ie in . - ; r, . " 

It : ■ % Lde, it 5 c : 

. as of ,c ' q cone: 

• >ly ' s 3. 

. . . 

i note , i by co Id ' 3 o" - 

ed in ses 

b.11 e , sx./. has made . ... 

L ic . .ci ." neee 

ur©a Isli 

o.ed v&olc- , 

. ... ' o:' 1 nenu . , 1 

. , ' no \ onl; 

jriendl , JLiyelj ie insl 

_ ,tion ok olc. i .. ] ... ■' ..^ . : 11 

. , red ' o t cA 

r S 1 - " i. 1 ._. .1 . .. 

: _ . . ' b e s e 

-'-'■'. . ' ' lis] 

_ ' 



tion 0] so o:.7 o e uosti: 

1 Gad tnat no 1 s also 

hi . 



Translati o -ffl^ not ? 



• DER TAG" March 8, 1015. 

From 0* von Gottberg. 



THE CLEAN WORK OP 



" U 




.2 



When the war clouds gathered over Europe, Kapitanleutnant 
Hansen, recovering from sickness, was sojourning in England 
for recreation. Friends knew thatn he was a German naval officer 
and captain of a submarine boat. An English hostess therefore 
advised him some nice summer morning:- "If I were in your place 
I would go to the Post of -fleet Kir. H a n s e m, it may be that 
some important news have arrived* • An hour later the captain 
read a telegram which recalled him* he packed up his plunder 
and took leave from the lady for her wise council. She lifted 
her finger in a jesting threat:- tt You know the names of the cruiser 
and destroyer on which my sons follow the same calling as yourself. 
These ships will never be torpedoed by you! ■ M Under no 
circumstances" laughed Hansen, and has been able to keep h&s word 
up to date because he never met this craft. He caught the last 
train which an officer of the German Navy could take for the coast 
and heard on the way nothing hilt war talk. At home the people 
still talked conf identally about maintaining the peace. Through 
the smoke of a cigar and the steam of a hot cup of coffee he saw 
from high Bellevue in Kiel over the glittering blue Bay when an 
extra paper anounced the order for mobilization* He paid and made 
for the place where the war put him- the bridge of " U 16". On 
the way his servant met him with a note:- To embark with trunks" 
said the order. That meant to break up camp and turn the back to 
Kiel for a while. 



came : " Off" 
the enemy ass 
cruise on the 
the report :- 
in the vicini 
when for the 
Englishmen, a 
on the other 
of the sea th 
turned aside 



Man and baggage were hardly on board when the order 
• The little grey boats had to reconnolter where 
embled squadrons. " U IB" danced for the first 
waves to the Orkneys. Disappointed he brought home 
No sight of the British". Once more later he cams 
ty of Non-rays coasts. The day was beautiful and sunny, 
first time, skipping along the coast, he saw the first 

cruiser and a destroyer. He thought of the lady 
side of the Channel. On the mirror-like surface 
e adversary saw the bubble course of the projectile 
and mads off. 



When in the first February days " U 16 " laid, 
clear for action near Plslgoland, the captain waited with impatience 
to what regions the next order would send him. Soon he was rejoiced 
with the order that he was, to maks the Channel unsafe for shipping 
of our adversaries. This is the place for game. For that reason 
the little grey things like to be there. 



On the 9th of February the day coi incnoed with 
fine weather, but later at the height of the Mass fireship before 
the Dutch coast, a thick fog set in. Ten hours later it cleared 
away. " U 16 " came to the surface and saw ths sun in the 

on the water. The captain stopped a 
tons. An officer brought the ships papers 
cargo was intended for Dutch owners , the 
leave of the stranger:- " I rerrst that 



Dutchman of about 6000 
on board our boat. The 
captain therefore took 
I have delayed you ". 



Clouds crept before th^sun. Thisk veils of 
vapor hovered over the waters from which suddenly the black nose 
of a big heavy steamer showed Itself, Not yet reco^nir.ed by 



- g m 



our men, the stranger hoisted the Butch flag and made off, after 
turning about. This was very suspicious, as the Butch steamers 
do not have be afraifl. of our submarines. The yknow that the 
war forces us to stop the ships of the neutrals. Hansen gave 
the signal to stop, but in vain. With forced speed the 
stranger went on and thus committed for a neutral the 
unpardonable error which rives the captain of the boat the 
right to fire. Hansen desired to give him more rrace and 
only pave the word for the machine pun to xtxn speak asca 
warning. The fugitive held the submarine in her wake. The 
day sank. It became dark and the pursuit was given up. 
Later it was found out that the steamer which escaped by 
using too much consideration, was the Englishman "LAERTES* • 
The misuse of the Butch flag caused great indignation with 
the neutral*. They feel how easily they can be made to suffer 
if England's trade hides itself behind their colors. A quick 
stopping when demanded is therefa&wiseable. Who makes 
himself suspicious challenges a shot from the torpedo tube. 

Before Calais the weather became apain very thick, 
so that ■ U 16" had to remain long hours below the surface. 
After coming to the surface the crew of a small Englishman 
were ordered off and the ship torpedoed quickie as French 
destroyers approached. When they chased Hansen he escaped 
easily. In the evening he saw a steamer before Havre 
attempting to run into the harbor. He got between and made 
the "BULWICH" stop. Quickly and obediently the crew climbed 
in their boats. The torpedo shot tore up the steamer to the 
smoke stack and sent her below. 

Before Oherbour it was the other way. A steamer 
wanted to get out of the harbor , saw our boat and turned 
to flight after hoisting the French flag. The skipper probably 
thought himself sooner in the vicinity of a French than a 
German boat. Hansen got between him and the port, but had to 
repeat his signal to stop several times. With 34 men two 
women and children looked from aft on the daring grey boat 
which dared to give orders to French seamen within their own 
waters. On account of the women and children Hansen did not 
torpedo the ship when she disobeyed his orders. He may have 
acted in a chivalrous manner but the German can hardly agree 
with our submarine commanders if they always allow their 
hearts to speak. According to the experiences of the war 
the British may now, like they did with the neutral flag, 
hide themselves under the pillows and bibs of babies and 
can place a British baby with her nurse in the crow's nests 
of their ships. As long as England is willing to starve our 
women and children, those of England may also feel the 
needs of ^ar. Steamers which do not stop when called to 
do so should be torpedoed. 

The sense of chivalry of the captain on account 
of the women and children nearly brought ship and cre?r in 
danger. While four of his men rowed to the Frenchman with 
explosive cartridges, the submarinetook the boats with the 
Frenchman's crev/" in tow. The four men found on the"Viiie 
de Lille" an abandoned little terrier ready for a fight. 
He resisted with teeth and claws the capture* By putting a 
south wester over him he was fv^ally subdued* and when on 
board he still behaved in a challenging and ugly manner. 
As to the true situation of the war he seemed to be as lit 4 ;le 
informed an some Russian Generals » for he seemed to be inclined 
to believe in the near success of the French anas, and refused 
to ake even foodt from German hands. Brought to the map and 
confronted v/ith the litt'e flags he finally capitulated, and 



- 3 - 

afterwards Joined gleefully as watchful war and submarine d$g 
in the chase after the British. Even French dogs sometimes 
have more sense than men. 

Directed by an explosive cartridge the "ViLLE DE LILLE* 
first went to heaven and then to hell. Hansen supplied the 
women and children with provisions and woolen blankets and towed 
them with the 34 men crew to the land at Barfleur. Approaching 
the coast he cut loose from the boats , because another steamer 
showed herself. It was a Norwegian and his papers were found 
in order. The skipper had called to the captain in the English 
language and received answer in the same language. When petting 
away the submarine showed the German flag, the Norwegian spoke 
words of applause after him. He surely thought he had an 
Englishman before him &nd the true heart of a seaman admired 
the daring of our submarine operating so far from their home 
in French waters. 

two days later midnight brought the 18th of 
February. Before the memorable morning dawned Hansen torpedoed 
the "DINORAH 11 before Dieppe which carried horses and guns. 
When he saw that the crew was able to save themselves in their 
boats he made off and looked for other booty. The boat had to 
return however home and he had to try to make his way through 
the dense fog. Helgoland was n^ver more beautiful when after 
a long and hard cruise the men in their lamed boat could see th 
the red granite cake with the birthday light, the light tower, 
and they were asked the question:- ■ How macynx many ? * 
"Five steamers in 13 days* was Hansen able to answer. This is 
clean work, which ( U 8 * has also performed with the same 
number. This will help to bring up freight rates, insurance 
premiums, and stamen's wages. But this is the purpose of the 
submarine war. When the ttred out crew later on run into one 
of our ports, their saw th<> new larger boat, which will bring 
their captain to new deeds* Thirty men which surely now had 
a right to recuperate, asked the question:- Herr Kapitanleutnant 
could it be fixed that we can with you T » 



I is 



V v*4 
7- ,'fiT 






N 



\ 



\ 






!.'&$? 



o 



^ Feed not be returned. 



H| MHMM * 



8UBJEC1 



havai Action, 



MAR 34 
tagger , . 



(£> 



b'roj)) 



JSlo. 



42. 



Replying to O.JV.I. JVo. 



Date 
Date 



, 191 



■ftrch 






6 



<£uosu 




A/ 



Toll owing farther details o the logger Bank battle 
have boon learned. 

tie Instructions provided that when a force 
of five s) ir>8 engaged four, the two Xea&in, a would concen- 

trate on the leading shir of the si y f the tnird chip on second 

I 1 ?, fsartli da third and fifth on fourth. the pursuit of 

the '.-errrr . v.tle-e/uiser Squadron the Is itable dropped -.suite 
a distance behind. The Lion maintained a lire against the 
leading s) ip ( Da rf linger) , the ^Igor, seeend ■■■'■, considered 
that the order o: Av? against Tour should be carrie-*. out and 
fired kx '*erf linger; the -rinoess Royal, however, ashamed that 
indomitable was not* in formation, and took as her target her 

posits, the sydllta, which third in eolmtnf the *-sw 

Zealand, fourth in colurn, made the same assumption and it red 
at Blusher, .'ourtj in Ce«*an eolunr. e result was fchat the 

tfoltke, second ship in Sermaa colurn, eeeaped almost untouched, 
and it ia b .of the 1 ita on Lion and ?iger vara 

o by this ship. art her reports prove that the -ion was 
rather badly damaged, and the small Ions o life was Ins to the 

uiuj a number 0- the &eft*an sJ .da m* eapled.e« 

One angina room was completely flood vernl hits agaiaat 

rv or dd not v.; in one aaaa rnor plats was 

cracked and loosened on Its sacking, lid not fall . . 

an ia said to bo still undergoing repairs* i^er waa 

hit fourteen times, >at o: the I its en her were in upper 

rks. 



JNeednot be returned. 



1+4- 



^^■ww 



ericas Eaaeaejy, 



.0L.1QII, 



9 *£areh \ r j±o 






ifroni: 
Sto: 



"aval constructor '.'..;]. xBri do , 
..ilitr.ry At too he, 

' r, . : ( oi.BorBM'). 




Referring to v previous roport, :>£ October I0Vi, to 
the fo'aval --', , on V ; : . of i cans: e 07 of 



whicl r?vc furni; 



youa • 



, .. 



76-2 



of fror &hs - v Coll « .ar Separt- 

aent to th< illit ktt - i ... la ! i ..; : t . '.n ffcrtlier 

info ^jailor strd to tha censorship.* with & ^iew to deter- 

mining - legislation waul necessary in the ; j.»>. fee 

control the : Ln time o.1 rlio% , . auditioned 

information was obtained in conversation aritj one c :. ■ ■ i«fe 
./ 1 o I i j Ice. 

2. eked specifically on what legal or statutory basis the 

authority o. the censor was found&d; the answer was, i ei*eee4 

axaept t] s fence c;.: wj is Kealaa Act' . infox ..ued that 

there i absolutely no law or regulation under widoj aj 
c°ul ~' r ev or; t the publication of any news item, article or 
cdvertiaeaent, but that if obj actional i • J .ier wee actually 
published, either without ite Uag been submitted bo l\ e 

\&t er after its rejection I, tin o 1, ro< e< ings 

couli be taken i Lnat the guilt; rty under fc] Defence of 

- Healn Act" be fere eitier a civil or ... military court* Jo 
^iicji action haa yet 1- brought, amber of very sharp 

warnings have been is^uei. 

ha subnlasion o Loatlon La a] tireiy 

voluntary wit] tl a no. , <) ia coi Le pursued for 

their own protection by practically all the London papers. 
For tl o information end faleanee oi publlahara | k rally. 



'■2 



-v-v* 



tT B?r 






oac 



\\<- ■ 



\ 










©specially or tl ose outside oJ - on istane^ does noi 

perrr.lt of subml tt i&g matter directly to the censor* a office, 
a book of inptrTietlons and warnings hi s been issued. The local 
and other matter nufclished in papefes outsid London is 
general necessarily left to the discration of the publisher, 
but all suci publications are closely watched by local or 
militnr. authorities and indiscretions are promptly reports 
to the censor's office, wMcb issues alronitions or pointed 
warnings as tns easo is&y r^cuira. 

4. 6 c^blo an il censorships work independently of the 
pr®®$ censor aa it.vz the sa&o Io|^&3 basis, i.e., t&e ff "efsnee 

of t- - . -..lie Act", the luridanenti-l diffSroiiea in their procedure 
from that o; the press censor is that tho;/ actually prevent the 
transmission of any news or otl i tattOY which is their judgement 
if* Aotrifssntal to t7 i safety of the &§>&2». 

5. In connection with the general subject of the censorship 
tiers Is attfci?: I reto a copv of the dralty regulations 
in regard to the censoring of all prlvnto sSMHml <st toag sent 
from vessels o f I w . 

lt) : n .i not directly concerned witi. the censorship, 
attention is invited to other zaaaaures wiich hve been taken 
to prevent the transmit' of information of po sible value 

to the er 

(a' Hagulstlon rehiring; all owners of carrier T>i#eons to 
register sit) t) ?. police i forbidding t) sir shlpaiaat aj rail, 
road or water, fro?., one point I t%) er. 

(b) I- tion ordering tfeat all radio spparatwfl be either 

turned over t thoritiss or reported to thera m that it 

>e registered eiA asalsd. 

(cJ r-3c lloa I i ve from time to tins been tafeen to 
sa&rch all psMBwagnrB to the Cstttlaajrt, ^ rtioalarly dollan , 
before permit tin then* I ; roceed on t) -eir Journey. 

7. [a connection vita tie ralrtlons of t) e ^ovemruenl to the 
press, s8--acinlly %)rt o' i.eutrni cou trios, there hna been 
forifisd a cownlttte c.nsiatir V e h rs of iement, one 



Censorship o J private Correspondence *X^ 

Rules 



v»ID 



In evary ship or vessel as officer, who s> Ottld be a 
commissioned officer if ptfBSidle, is to "be detriled to carry 
out the duties of Censor; this Officer, when oracti cable, is 
to be one whose ordinary duties are of such a nature as not to 
be seriously interfered with by lis duties as Censor, smd he is 
to have a Staff .let? ilea to assist ) i -. 

The entire mail is to pass through his hands, and he Is to 
witness -oersor, Hj the making up and sealing of the mail bags. 

£« T Jnlen~ orders have be 313 ftiven that ths sending of all 
Kails fro*? ships Is prohibited, private correspondence -^ill bo 
permitted by ' earns of - 

fa) Telegrams 

(b) betters 

(c) "ostcr-rds 

(d) Parcels, including photographs, sketches, 

and 4i arias- 
.t tent ion is drawn to paragraphs 7,8 and 9. 






ii for a spa ten, without exception, are to be handed 
open to the Ship's Censor, who, if he sees no objection to the 
contents, will:- 

l regards telegrams , forward thorn to the local post of ice 
i i I one en v el o p e m rt 8 d " 5 el o gr ams fr o : . . . 3 . f o r 5P ran s r i as i o j ; 

veiope being closed, signed, and dated fey tho Censor an 
accompanied by necessary pa t. 

As regards letters, creels and pootcp-rda , close them whan 
f.ecessary in the presence of the sender, and forward them to 
HM local post office in sealed bags labelled clearly ; ' betters 
(or arcels or ^oatc^rdsJ from ... for F* ission , 

the label feslng eigne d b k e censor and date a. 

4. In ships which are giving regular leave sither la a nons 
rt or refitti,. ort the censors] is may be withdrawn, but all 
correspondence in to be forwards, to the Iocm >st office ii» 



±u 






sealed bogs labelled clearly lis from ... to be 

retained at u'. '\ ">. for tv.o aaja . he label be . ted. 

5. Strict measures are to be t&3c$S to ensure tfeat no corres- 
pondence loaves the ship, except in the manner authorise' above, 

6. ^rivnte messages are prohibited. 

7. In no circums r.-ces It specif' c reference to be made on 

post cards, in letters or telegrams, or matter posted In parcels, 

or in private I ries to the following:- 

(I) She position o: sns sl.ipo at ;l,p fcisss c citing. 
f II ) Pontine ander which Blips 4 companies are bein^ worked 
{III) fovaieaiits ol any ships, flat Ilia, squadron, or fleet. 
(IV) Plans oh Hitters o- ..rations , «ft*>thsjr rumoured, snrraseu 

or known* 
IT ) la tins aa "jo the condition &t ere.ws, or i- 

(VI? Casualties - previous to 1 the pttblicatioii o grfftcial 
Hats . 
(vu I Leas of ships, 

• . riticisa of operations is forbidden, as are statements 
aalamlatad to bring the 8«vy, ships, or individuals into disrepute 

9. All correspondence rsaat b« in plain /lish, and rank or 
rating of -he sender fim^t nsvar appear. 

1 ). Commanders -in-chief or Senior . aval officers «ay # r ^t any 
time, prohibit the iendla all private telegrams or meils 

from ships under their conn: nds for such periods as they may 
d^em necessery. 

11. ttsntlon ie drawn to the fast that in t.' o case of ships 
giving leave rrils will not be censored but onl delayed two 
dpys. en should therefore be encouraged to post everything on 
board* 



w*< 









AL 



( l 2feed not be reiurnedT £ 



American Embassy, 
L 8 W, 

March 9, 1 15. 

YRQUi Lieut. Colonel T.C. Treadwell, t?«8 t M.$. 

TO: NVj&JsrV^. V^tesjOA^v 

SuTUIXJT: 7 ~otes on Sea Transport, and foathamptt^n Eoci-: , 




The unde reigned visited Southampton March 4, by 
authority and arrangement of the War Offioe, and was 
taken about the Pocks and on hoard the transport© inhere 
by Tariff. General A3. Hamilton, J^ihark n Commandant, 

Lieut, Colonel J. 1 " 1 . Anderson (R.A.Sf.C.), Fmbarfcation 
Medical Officer, and other officers of the Embarkation 
Staff. 

Great Britain has had more iaparleftee than any 
other country in transporting lz*rge numhera of troope 
all over the world. In normal timee of peace these 

occasions for oversea transport art: frequent in movir 
troops to and from India and other oversea possessions. 
There has aleo been the experience dut? to many Military. 
expeditions, the greatest number of troops involved being 
in the "Roer War, during the three yeara of which hundreds 
of thousands of men were transported on long voyages 
to and from South Africa. 

The present war has, however, presented j. roblons 
of transportation mors extensive and complex than any 
hitherto undertaken by this or any ether country, re- 
quiring a vaet number of vessols, and an efficient ryet 
for moving troops with speed and eafety. 



.^f^VlkV.^ V «' 



^ 



3I# U T 







^^vOS 1 *' 



■ ^ 




) JUnAdJ* 



The transportation activities during the present 
war may he divided into two classes: 

(1) Long voyages. 

(2) V&ty short voyages. 

The first include ovements of troop b from India 
and the dominions to E^ypt, the Persian 8ulf , for 
operations in Pardanellas, and to and from many oversea 

.rriscns - in fact voyages over siany &eae and a great 
part of the world. 

m 

The second include transport across tjhte English 

* 

nhannel. The transportation of the Bxpeditienary Force 
to France, maintaining it there, and increasing it by a 
steady stream of reinforcements; and this has necessi- 
tated the continuous passage of ships to and frc across 
the Channel every day, and some days in considerable 
numbers, from Southampton and other ports. 

The following regulations, with regard to transport, 
are taken from Field Service Regulations and Organism* 
tion: 

The navy is responsible for the prevision, 
despatch, and control of the sea transport of an 
army, and for its security while at sea. 

The navy carry out the operation of landing 
and shipping troops, animals, vehicles and stores 
whether alongside wharves or to and from a beach - 
provide boats, lighters And tugs, and labor in 
connection with same. All other labor required 
will be none by the army, except in cases where the 
naval authorities consider it desirable that they 
should provide all or some of the labor. 

Army bring all personnel, stores, etc., to 
the point of embarkation, where the navy take thm 



, ■ 



over. The navy having landed troops, etcree, 
etc, they arc taken over by the army, and trans- 
portation of everything landed rests with the 
army. 

The Director of Sea Transport controls the 
arrangements in connection with the provision of 
sea transport on behalf of the Admiralty. When 
a sea base is ueed a military lanrUnp officer is 
appointed to supervise the embarkation ana dis- 
embarkation of all personnel, animals, and material. 

When it is not practicable for navy to supply 
personnel, all or part of embarkation duties are 
performed by army, as is case at Southampton, 
where navy takes over duties ©f provision, despatch, 
and safety of transports, and other embarkation 
duties are looked out for "by Headquarters for 
Iribarkation "Duties (army). 

The Quarto master Oeneral informs the Trans- 
port apartment of the Admiralty of the number of 
troops, horses and stores to b© embarked. The 
Transport Department selects the vessel®, and 
arranges for their beinr? fitted for service re- 
quired. 

The ports and dates of embarkation are fixed 
by arrm foment between Q.?'.H. and Admiralty. 

Before embarkation of troops vessels are 
inepected by a mixed board of naval and ar- 
of fleers and final inspection is made before ehipa 
sail. 

For long voyages large vessels are selected 
for transports on account of greater carrying 
capacity, greater c< -fort of troops and horsos, and 
units are less split up. 

/ 



The requirement© of the Army as regards ©vacua- 
tion by sea of eicit, wo -!, prisoners, etc., Ti- 

the theatre of operations will be communicated to 
the Director of Sea Transport by the Inspector 
General of , Co?mu|^oj$ tare ugh the Military 



■ 
Landing Officer. 






Convuyarce is provided by:- 



\ f (1) Transports (ships ©njsraeed for 

C Hover anient service on tiiae 

charter) . 

(£) Freight Ships (ships on s/h:eh con- 
veyance is em*aj?ed for certain 
bodies of troops) . 

Transports are classif ied:- 

(1) For con^e fm 64 of units with or 

without animal is, or drafts 
complete with supplies, stores, 
etc. 

(2) g&ttfj tal Snipe. 

"Freight SSllpfl are classified:- 

(1) Por conveyance of personnel, as 
troop freieht ships. 

(£) ?or conveyance of animals and 

their attendants, as remount or 
mule freight ships. 

(J) 7?or conveyance of stores. 

Long voyages are voy*ages to any part of the 
world. 

flhor I All - tiS of eight days 

or lesn. 

Very short voyages are voya/res of one mpht 
at sea cr less. 

Tennare setinatss are based on 4 tons per 
man and 12 tons per horse for ion* vc - # 

ns per taan and 8 tone per horse for Short voyages 
ri tons per man and 4 tone per horae for vory abort 
voyages. 






'is: 



from the following extract from a speech of Mr, 

Churchill in the House of Commons delivered about a 

month ago: 

f i*he oommand of the sea which we hare thus 
enjoyed h&B not only enabled our trade to bp 
carried on practically without interruption ©r 
serious disturbance, but we have been able to move 
freely about the world very large numbers of troop© 
• . . . J am p*oinfr tc give the TTouae a figure 

which has no military significance because so many 
uncertain factors are BOflpriftea within the total t 
but which is an aeaolutff^jy" definite figure so far 
as the work of the Admiralty Transport Department 
is concerned* We hare now moved by sea, at hoaift 
and abroad, including wounded brought back from the 
front, including Belgian wounded, and branch troops, 
moved here 83 as circumstances required, 

often at the shortest possible notice, with con- 
stant changes of pl&na, acres© oceans threatened 
by the enemy 1 a cruisers, and across channels 
haunted by submarines to and fro, from India and 

•ypt, from Australia, Wow Zealand and Canada, 
China, South Africa, and every fortress and 
possession under the erown approximately 3,' ,000 

men, without up to the present any lees of life 

Indeed, so smoothly and unfailingly has this vast 
business been carried through that we have several 
times been compelled to remind the soldiers who 
we serve - and I now think it righi. to remind the 
House • that after all w© are at war* We are at 
war with the second naval power in the world, isn 
complaints are made that we have taken to© nmy 
transports, or armed too many auxiliary cruisers, 
or made us© of too many colliers or sup; 3 ships, 
X mast mention that fact." 

During the last few weeks ths work of transporting 
troops has been greater than at any time since the out- 
break of the war, so that to data the total of troops 
transported by sea would considerably exceed this figure 
of a million men piven above. 

The work connected with the transport of troops 
is thus carried out under the Headquarters for Railway 
Tranapcrt, the transport Department of the Admiralty, and 
the Headquarters for Embarkation Duties, 

Hallway transport ia carried out under ft Dirsctor 
of Hallway Transport (Colonel) pi til about loO aaoi stent 
officers, grided as "Deputy Directors, Assistant L actors, 
and Hallway Tranaport Offioers. 



- - 



The Transport department of the Admiralty consists 



of: 



Director of Transport* - Mr. araeme Thomson. 

Haval Assistant director c: Sransyorts ( . .) 

Di- onal Faval Transport Officer©. 

The Division*! Vttvsj, TramUfTiTrt Officer at Scut] .on 
ic Captain Stansbury, R«S», and under hiia art Inspectors 
of Shipping 

The: Headquarter© for Stertnar -.ies consists 

of: 

Embarkation Commandant - 8#ig*4&* n^ral. 

Beputy Assistant Adjutant General - Major, 
•aputy As&iBtant Quartermaster numeral * Maje-. 

Staff Captain - Captain. 

Assistant Provost Marshal - lap tain. 

13. ABBistant Stebarkation Commandants - Colonels, 
Lieut. Colonels, and Majors. 

SMI Assistant Embarkation staff Officers • Majors 
and Captain*. 

£ Assistant Military Landing Officers - Captains. 
or warding Officer - Lieutenant. 

Medical Officers. 

Almost all 01" the officers connected with Railway 
Transport and Embarkation TUities are from the Reserve 
of Officers. 

Soon after the outbreak of the war Southampton 
was takon over by the Crovornnent, and "became a closed 
port for commerce. The greater part ef the British 
Xxpediti unary Force wao embarked hers, and tho port has 
since been continually used to maintain and to increase 
this force. for this purposo it is the most favorably 
situated port on the Channel, beinff a spacious and well* 
defended harbor, with extensive dock facilities, cj miles 



- - 



from Cherbourg, 112 miles froa Havre, and 1^0 miles frem 
Boulogne rhe Southampton Bocks afford berthing 
accommodations for 50 or more large etc amor a where the 
largo » t chips can tie up alongside, and include h large 
basins. They arc next to the railway I nus, and 

railro racks run to all parts of the Docks, so t.hat 
troops and supplies may be loaded directly from rail 
to ship. There is a dapth of 42 ft. at the !>ocks, and 
ships of deep draught may go in or out at all stages 
of the tide. 

The Bocks are about 15 miles above the naval base 
at Portsmouth from which naval escort ie furnished for 
the transports. 

The port has been reopened several times to commerce 
during temporary lulls in transportation of troops, 
"but the numerous «teamehip com.* :nnxes using the port, 
of which the Royal ^ail, White Star, union Ctietle and 
Cunard are the largest English lines, have hesitated 
to accept the authority as a b&sis for workm*-: tb^ir 
steamers, as they knew that a renewal of military trans- 
port activities at the rocks was likely to occur at 
any time, and Southampton is a prohibited port for 
aliens, whereas normally it is more especially a 
passsn^er port* The South Western Co. eras* channel - 
"boats from Verve have, however, continued to run each 
day. 

■ Bocks ore ch t off on land side, by hirh walls, 
the enclosure guarded, anrt public are not admitted 
thereto. The large South Western Hotel at railway 
terminus, and Just outside dock enclosure is also 
oloted to th< publie, and used by officers of the 



_ _ 



ma- , i . ; I . , 

r i p a , ley i«"2 *'i j . 

■ -. i 

■■ -. , . 
r&l . ri, •■ <•..■■ apt 3 r s 

i I itl ..n M 6i . 

i '- ; i 

. . tr&i« '. r I 

■ , k3 tt« ar : r«tti - oh 

30 .: I 3 ' : - I i t-3 Or .■■■:. - 

i . t .. uat« £p of 

si b '« teb -. form 

rfe*itoi :•».... I t units or ■d'aUr.-' at», 

or I I . f : t, uu/no-ars of pffiacra, ., &02***», 

. , i .'r ; ■ ■ pt i< I ah . i«i, paed, 

• «ac ol 

Of lj5 «; k jc#d« 

., {am n 

tt i ii, i i '. >.jr* . 

i ;. i Kiitt lei./ &Vai i.,. i 49. 

i u»lly b; i :; o si . 

, ■' t J I . • : . 

across th* i . .at * 

i. i i as * 

, wait 



- - 



por:> i I sad, l* w«2I p<'» troi le-j , 1 .i<g 

a a. ay by sa&JTT OWttfcaa ftf ti&*>2 paurtitRlSLaw&y i ttoN 

; War, I'orca, and y- 

% in I r, axe opt «a 

>»« a i.t §a far tfTi«t#s**3 j .. ,;U 

ed a,:aifiM, ai&d affea** threat a*t»a;i«@ t is«s little -.*-.- 

t f . i .w airier, i , 

, the V*aa«l I ■ 

crosi- ■ atMB* &J$$ about l- ; ,>;• ta&ra 

tm-$p*Q%mt ftA'3 ^bu^i tha ,-ookti s i .. . . ■ l&ga 

&a%*l # v;:^!-- 7C lua i -^ y# *««.'; i ana) par* i!i, : ; 

A hfrapit -in had Jttal i-« 63 t&#, 

carr,, ,i:i bit aa&Atar* *$ i i t*?*JL at 

iexamirla, 
*i*a ware ! t.i \o 

; a . I i • to 
#oun j a, «v$r*s .... : • of m 

rthar uk a it, ia tr»la »r r^u- 

if LraJ a, . ., . 

■ n. . lag tq 

train - . ~, . . - •■ f - 

era i»i 

ra ai«r« ea i . I . r to 

I 



-1 - 



a 



vara* .. ta 

uusia - . • i • ■ .,.-..■.-,. ,& 

•T« OJf ir; : i, low atta* e Lag. t» q t:^r co • .- 
., . . a 

irt - . - • i • fca - '•. kHil iilNMraJ raoja. 

There **T« Mil u ^atou r .■,««, 

'.rv ro . tmrm we/*; «1 *?&£&? . P* 

in - ♦. i v. i ■ . - arr 

. • ipltal 

mi® \ i a on« 

i Jmvi i 

:., : o f aoai t ; 

i wi1 i • ; I b&J p#«i \ ■. ia 

... ....... d . 

I > $ -. OwliWiriii, 13 la 

I - ;.«« aad Lsaalvitiw . .. , t . mi yut- 

ii •■ ; lor a««(i ar aattfort* i$a 

■ , to fM6t 
. - I t,js,l ward 

I 

..iii -,, . kM 

i -,i -ai a I raat M a In. 
. ftra 1 -» r iiantia.j prli ft ae; 

■j, l ... at 

af tc , . >, o . 

La/aa i-:\, , ,<*.:■ .rae* «• 



ei« 



U 



/' 



artillery, tt«r* fe#iJ|$ loaded wit; r, od. 

j with jur'p't 

vil^r ahlp& »r« usou »■&*« Tor ttroftft 

the 0&&&A$X a J .a oo- r 2 on,;, voyages 

..'3 saail fa at ikl<pa . \&$ for t&if abort a^rvica. 

..:a orai. cro M*ah*iUMA li&a $1 « boats ara ;~uoh 

uaau in ',rtv rtlag iftftntori? toro .. i. ua^r 

of tau >e ar* ovar .. .*ota a*>«Qd. g 

Lch itott about 4 •. , carried 1 # $ i , ,o ., suad two o t. 
. t *v«r« to '..ia&¥© la tor «oro I® ftftSYjy aaout tuo &&ia® 
nu.ut^r. bri for fcb *at . is only about 7 

^rs, or !««*• 

.tor", ' , ' .fc-ritorvoa" , and ano tjier 

aael, al,t of 0, Qfl feOGS, or s^P*| were b- i&ad 

wi i ..- ,o» ana art. :-j . a &j 

a kilter,/, b.. ;; . . , | ., m. .uru I j a; 

oUrnr i Loaded h i .,..*,'! ta, uraft ., . .. ir 

att , u'Us, ■ -a& Uvy, td 4 or aaarly so, there 

were -3 . . .vjr&ig, Ui© o tu^ra MWi appareuW., 

t&£* about tfta sag&e auartiar. 

m -aiu .re tli* oni-..r & ftffti 

for m Lltmrjf utor^a aaa aupr-x i i a Kmt ^.^tharupLu.; I 
Pippin i&rga i it of f ..u«i ,;r, 3 li 

With it Ota th. ,' v; >-.. ,.,:i fcf th»i lM4l1k« 

:.,.i .-? feeing .loaaeu juppaion 
private p&ofea$«a. .ra sfolppaa to th* 

the ax / f i ., to * -,ol,,ut if I j. 

par box, for officer*, n»a 4 .., . tar* i i 

aa para to ri9< wit] • • Ltf . to 

oJc Out foy -.. .1 , . t , ■ ■* • It rat -k*. i i 

of ou u ftrdad i , *»9 .. , . at 

i« # t .JilOOa , | .'!• 

paoxa,gao forwar *r « 

to Uio uumt ita . i : j, l a ( /.«. 



Ano th«r oqc^H- ** of this w 

tr rtstio uta b**a tho f^XXwsi - - • ... i.- 

t.lona ana Ire. :;it o#X# a in fira ->n, 

& y of | . ...;.■ trait ratunaad on auort X«*»«t 

£ uuria ; i , -t u. w g* 

..rajioer* fftarriag &1 Wie . t te. ,. iri i. ;,* 

would rua over e*9 ... ,:Uji,-.i , u*« bout trui.i 

for officer a WBvi 9«&sU»,*»* &«£t i,. .■ a, lion at 1 p.m. 

•ac.'i u&y. It" ieavo f»« st$$$*i about J "#@«k 13 a. ,o, or 

aoout fcha ti.ae ol' i'-. . - : -: ort ■ j$fit4#% ,^na •> 

ters arc rgo "iit oarr^<jA*j H o:i til* JJooJta -shoro 

ftXtfSj ^it.3 of ffia**! »9«l tf| 9t% to« .fror.tt a r« kept. 
&i 1 la p ft In caiwiiii} ! .,;;, gugfl at^iooi^ed with tsaw* a (tat 

I unit to #hl 3 boXoaga, xlta 02' g I 1*4 

bo pthanr, skJ &»&®t4 p% of t;.-.;. ... 
ah up . ort ■ r., 

iber 02a whi Is rouM at lh* 1 o&w. Ml orficor^ an 

of tha • e&r a whit. irft Mitt aril 

word " s»n i t. 

.^ero wvt% no l&r$« oceanit I of £h« p&saoi 39 

at &ooka 1 on 4th. 1 

tha ft&ot ia . th««i9 .. . ..»• 

porting «xp»ditio; force for aoTfta* 9 t 

r loa i< ... ■ . 9 aat)f 

. 

A)*io. 1 work, o44«9a..;;«a roar tho i'uotor 

ahlp* i« <: ■/ A-j v hour 9 j* # 90 that no ur ; 

o« toav-'o ffl , ,-;/ ia . ... I lg 

1 rjr 9 1 r«t 993TV'. 

thoao fhort 1 1* ■ . , i « 1 : . » 

L.i in I... I |» a Ml t.. L> , 

1 — ^— 1 11 tu .9 rami 9JT9 1 



I ■ ■ 



JOSVOjid 



of fcff &J »< . i 

& o I ;& J v p •- , 

id i i3 j a*. -■. . . 

fru. ! .:•■ «p tha rivar b3 ... . 

...... 

X« ■ ■ i , .-, t '■ 1 1 . ii:'.; .1 

*i - ■ »«**$ .„: .: , 

:>Li §aftt In 
.. or a&H entire utfiifditlon ae tiiuc, . .. i ..itafcls 

ly aauth 1 ■..:,,.. . ort of 

«abferic&Lio.a a»u 4ii^i r io^; *$$*&$% h ft* 

..■a adtranta *ta v,i-:'j djf i .. ,j.i | .Ue« 

-i" *»&« Ni i'or Iran •- j>r . . . ' «4t#li *$ 

jutwyuttptoa w«j , t, it ua^r«U}ih. that aay 

tx vrta *r» &rmeu. i £$ aot carry iaifj f v-r« or 

. wer* # nut are j.,i on - j .iMpa Oaptaitta or 

gallic a*&#?*« *r« ar* ao • ■ • , 

■>y t oy<»r tQ lar^ - ... . . •_;. • ln*ra of tfr. 

i to »u*r ( a&tf otinwr ila auxiliary cruiwrs. 

./al .^j^rve | , «t *tt 3 iattvT), raaoa*4 i aa 

jjwrve crewi), aua •an ra« of v,..rlou3 i j.c* up to <i-i . 

•■»»e ahij»* dan t><3 # .... or transport of .troop* 

Li >ttflk« are aai useu I . rl -i . >rtj 

(otii«r t i tai rib , (il.l -• ,, « 

U*d ty fchs Ltgfg an .,..., 

*e«n »oift« of our I ., tald h« • . . *• 

oi" s wa ■, aa nma wtj * a 

c lata - cla&aer, Cottar . 

• m Una day, •♦••■9Kifi0r thi i ...r* easily 



v*rt*a tr*:. *. 

-14- 






in all the ,uov . l -.roovA tcj - ..., 

fro-. bsdift< ,.^i» taa i eliHPa -, b&$ 

- lia ;eU J , ad ;: . In to* 

<3 as 01' B^Yia 3 fey j-:.-. aa I and* secrecy that naa 

fc&l a U,ii g i 

no urie but t&* i l j i&ts &g i -. 

sent Tor miXit&. >ii>mv -«ii ruancui** .. , 

ftt is Uiii f. ;tft, Or l&t ;Cr:;. ®«£it 

oversea froffl indie, r*nu u, .i.iions. 

. ; th«a inter Lia r^uoe ems firs 

, 'JO to y-. 4 -: .■;■■■ it $4$ &«<5««eary to transport 
av«.fu.:-s gf 1, g% .uerely t d&t&iia it. 

:i. .. the XSkti few &#*&&* haw#v*Jf, many thous' nsre 

been sent lo r >3t , «t fcfcto* i - 

.,■:..... :*t t i"* rtiti-jna in tfc* -'UrtUuHKii*^, 

tfl expedition i fro , . «i troops d In 

rerieu* other | &. aers h*ive o«en IS foi] 

r ..-.or« a. u&y # desp..,.t..sa-.:: I , 

fetttj tad *& -noe /.-.if been l*i.r-;. ■-..:., I tdrttfcsfil frost 

tali . a«rr« -Jra-fta, i G ;.lvisio.-i f i - I rit^ri; 

)in, (t .Oiidj.i . ftdjy id o tiier 

units; ft%< Lit u;;tivi&.. i."or a ore 

to transport tii* sev. -.lea, ftwt -iidi&n EliVi*l#A 4 sad ..>tn«r 
*yiTi tariui s as r. .y &s they are !..:*'■< i.vs<4 r*a ^>r 

serv ice. 







SUBJECT 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) 

Meed not he revwrneoL. ^ 
Confidential . ^ 

ft 

REPORTED LOSS OP SUBMARINE ■ U 9 ». 



From 



No. 



151 Date Mar eh 9, 1 91 5 ♦ , 191 



Replying to O. N. I. No Date , 191 



From unofficial sources comes the report that 
" U 9 ■ with all hands was lost in February. It is said that 
a message was received from her saying she was seriously damaged 
and was attempting to make port since which time nothing more 
has been heard. 

• U 9 ■ may be remenbered as the boat which 
sank "CRESSY", "HOOUE", "ABOUKIR" and •HAWKE*. At the time of 
her reported loss she was still under the command of Kapit&n- 
leutnant Weddigen. 




'. 



% 



-J*i 



ffi$/^C>& 



NAVY (GUNNERY). 



NAVAL W«ft C»LLtQJ 
LIBRARY 

SHELF f 

MANK ) 




RESULT 



/ Meed not be returned. 



OF 



TEST OF GUNLAYERS 



with 



HEAVY GUNS AND LIGHT Q.F. GUNS 



IN 



HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914. 



$re$etttt& to botf) gouges: of parliament up Commano of &fe ifflajestp* 




LONDON: 

PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFIOE 

By EYRE and SPOTTISWOODE, Ltd, East Harding Street, E.G., 

PRINTERS TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. 



To be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN and SONS, Ltd., 29, Breams Buildings, Fetter Lane, E.G., and 

28, Abingdon Street, S.W., and 54, St. Mary Street, Gardiff ; or 

H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE (Scottish Branch), 23, Forth Street, Edinburgh; or 

E. PONSONBY, Ltd, 116, Grafton Street, Dublin ; 

or from the Agencies in the British Colonies and Dependencies, 

the United States of America and other Foreign Countries of 

T. FIBHER UNVVIN, London, W.C. 



[Cd. 7919.] 



1915. 
Price -\>l. 



GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS 

(with the undermentioned exceptions) can be purchased in the maimer indicated on the first page of this wrapper. 

Booksellers, and the accredited agents of Free Public Libraries, are entitled to 

a discount of 125 per cent, from published prices. 

Hydrographical Publications of the Admiralty are sold by — 

J. D. Potter, I 15, Minories, London, E.C. 

Patent Office Publications are sold at — 

The Patent Office, 25, Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London, W.C. 

B. Classified Abridgments of Patent Specifications are sold also by Wyman & Sons, Ltd.) 

Ordnance Survey and Geological Survey Publications can be purchased from— 
The Director General of the Ordnance Survey, Southampton; or 
The Superintendent, Ordnance Survey, Dublin; or 
Agents in most of the Chief Towns in the United Kingdom. 

(N.B.— Small Scale Maps are, as a rule, procurable at Railway Bookstalls in England and Wales.) 

The Journal of the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries is published monthly by the Board, at 
4, Whitehall Place, London, S.W. Price 4d., post free. 

The London Gazette is published on Tuesday and Friday evenings by Wyman & Sons, Ltd. Price Is. 



The following is a list of some Official and Parliamentary Publications : — 

ADMIRALTY. 

Architecture. Naval. A Text-book of. For the use of Officers of the Royal Navy. By 
J. J. Welch, M.lnst.C.E., M.I.N.A. (1907.) Price 3s., post free 3s. 5d. 

Cadets. Naval. The Entry and Training of. With Illustrations. (1914.) Price Sd., 
post free 10d 

Deep Water Diving Committee. Report, with Index, Appendices, and Illustrations. 
Aug. 1907. Price Is., post free Is. 3d. 

First Aid in the Royal Navy. (1913.) Price 9d., post free 10^d. 

Flag". The Union. In its present form. Memorandum relating to the Origin of. (1913.) 
Price 4cd., post free k\d. 

King's Regulations and Admiralty Instructions. 1913. Two Vols. Price 5s., post 
free 5s. Id. 

King's Regulations and Admiralty Instructions. Vol. II. 1914. Appendices, Com- 
parative Tables, and Index. Price Is. Qd., post free Is. lOd. 

Magnetic Compass on Land. A Book of Instructions for Armoured Cars. Price (Avithout 
Protractor) Qd., post free Id. ; (with Protractor) 2s. 6d., post free 2s. Id. 

Mathematics, Mechanics, Navigation and Nautical Astronomy, Heat and Steam, and 
Electricity. Examples in, for the use of Junior Officers Afloat. (1911.) Price 2s., post 
free 2s. U. 

Navigation. Admiralty Manual of. 1914. The Standard Work on Navigational Questions 
in His Majesty's Fleet. Designed to supply the needs of Junior Officers and also of Officers 
qualifying for the duties of Navigating Officer. (Superseding Notes bearing on the Navigation 
of KM. Ships, and Handbook of Pilotage.) 

Contents. 

Part I. — Navigation and Nautical Astronomy : — Positions on the Earth's Surface. 
Direction on the Earth's Surface. The Course and Distance by the Mercator's Chart. The 
Course and Distance by Calculation. The Great Circle Track. The Dead Reckoning and 
Estimated Positions. Position Line by Observation of Terrestrial Objects. Position by 
Observation of Terrestrial Objects. The Heavenly Bodies and their true places. The 
Greenwich Date and Correction of Right Ascension and Declination. The Zenith Distance and 
Azimuth at the estimated position. The true Zenith Distance and Astronomical Position 
Line. Position by Astronomical Position Lines. Other methods of determining an Astro- 
nomical Position Line. Rising and Setting of Heavenly Bodies, Twilight, &c. The Error and 
Rate of the Chronometer. 

Part II. — Pilotage : — The Admiralty Chart and Artificial Aids to Navigation. The 
Track of the Ship and the Avoidance of Danger in Pilotage Waters. 

Part III. — The Atmosphere and Ocean :— The Weather. Forecasting the W T eather. 
Ocean Currents, Waves, &c. Theoretical Tides. Observed Tides and use of Tide Tables. 
Tidal Streams. 

Part IV.— Navigational Instruments : — The Magnetic Compass : The Magnetism of the 
Earth and Ship ; The Analysis and Correction of the Deviation ; The Description and Practical 
Correction of the Compass. The Giro-Compass. The Sextant. The Chronometer. Various 
Instruments. 

Appendices .-—Extracts from the abridged Nautical Almanac, 1914. Change of Units of 
Measurement in the Daily Weather Report of the Meteorological Office. Hydrographical 
Surveying. 

(1915.) Price '6s., post free 3s. 5d. 

x 28179 



NAVY (GUNNERY). 



RESULT 



OF 



TEST OF GUNLAYERS 



WITH 



HEAVY GUNS AND LIGHT Q.F. GUNS 



IN 



HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914. 



Present** to fiotf) 3$ou*e0 of parliament ftp Commatiti of l&t* JWajmp. 




LONDON: 

PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE 

By EYRE and SPOTTISWOODE, Ltd., East Harding Street, E.C., 

PRINTERS TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. 



To be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN and SONS, Ltd., 29, Breams Buildings, Fetter Lane, E.C., and 

28, Abingdon Street, S.W., and 54, St. Mary Street, Cardiff ; or 

H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE (Scottish Branch), 23, Forth Street, Edinburgh ; or 

E. PONSONBY, Ltd., 116, Grafton Street, Dublin;' 

or from the Agencies in the British Colonies and Dependencies, 

the United States of America and other Foreign Countries of 

T. FISHER UNWIN, London, W.C. 



1915. 



[Cd. 7919.] 



Price M. 



Result of Test of Gunlayers with Heavy Guns and Light 

Q.F. Guns in H.M. Fleet, 1914. 



G 12284/15. 

Admiralty, S.W., 

10th March 1915. 

Circulated for information. 

The award of the medal will be promulgated in due course. 

By Command of Their Lordships, 



l/VJ^^yC^^^r^^^- 



To all Commanders-in-Chief, 
Captains, Commanders, and 
Commanding Officers of 
H.M. Ships and Vessels. 



HEAVY GUNS. 



ABSTRACT, 1914. 



Order 

of 
Merit. 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 

a 

q 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 



Fleet or Squadron. 



No. of 
Ships. 



No. of 
Meu 



Average 
Points. 



First Ship in the Fleet 
or Squadron. 



Points. 



Second Battle Squadron 

China Squadron - - - 

Mine Laying Squadron - 

First Battle Cruiser Squadron 

Fleet Flag Ship - 

First Light Cruiser Squadron 

Mine Sweeping Gunboats 

Second Cruiser Squadron 

Fifth Cruiser Squadron - 

First Battle Squadron - 

Fourth Cruiser Squadron 

Fifth Battle Squadron - 

S.E. & W. Coast of America 

Depot Ships and Flotilla Cruisers 

Third Cruiser Squadron 

Mediterranean Fleet 

Special Service Vessels 

Third Battle Squadron - 

Fourth Battle Squadron 

Sixth Battle Squadron - 

Australian Fleet - 

New Zealand Division - 

Cape of Good Hope 

East Indies Squadron - 

Totals - 

Training Squadron 



Fired less than 75 per cent, of her 

guns. 
Fired under 1913 conditions - - I 
Battleships and Cruisers 4" B.L. 

and Q.F. guns. 
Battleships and Battle Cruisers 

1913 conditions. 
Fiied less than 75 per cent, of her 

guns. 



2 
2 
3 

1 

1 

3 

4 

1 

2 

3 

1 

6 

1 

8 

2 

1 

2 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 



43 
5 

23 

9 
16 

3 

1 



20 

18 
II 
8 
22 
22 
8 

14 

18 

24 

12 

86 

12 

58 

19 

8 

8 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 

Nil 



368 
60 

75 

72 
259 



129' 
100 

95 

91 

87 

84 

83 

81 

77 

74 

72 

71 

69 

63 

59 

59 

17 
Nil 
Nil 
Nil 
Nil 
Nil 
Nil 
Nil 



62 

92 

36 

87 

86 

26 

33 

71 

08 

50 

92 

60 

44 

58 

07 

06 

50 



75-93 



44-12 



73-00 



78-42 



" Audacious " 
" Yarmouth " 
" Naiad " - 
" New Zealand " 
".Iron Duke " 
" Birmingham " 
" Jason " - 
" Shannon " 
" Falmouth - 
" St. Vincent" 
"Essex" - 
" Bulwark " 
" Glasgow " 
" Vulcan " - 
" Devonshire " 
" Indomitable " 
"Alert" 
Nil - 
Nil - 
Nil - 
Nil 

Nil - 
Nil - 
Nil - 



" Crescent " 



140 

104 

133 

91 

87 

100 

133 

81 

79 

99 

72 

100 

69 

91 

81 

59 

17 

N 

N 

N 

N 

N 

N 

N 



25 
17 
33 
87 
86 
00 
33 
71 
16 
75 
92 
00 
44 
66 
48 
06 
50 
il. 
1. 
1. 
1. 
I. 



90-13 



A (12)28479 (26528) 700 5/15 E & S 



A 2 



RESULT 



OF 



TEST OF GUNLAYERS 

WITH 

HEAVY GUNS 

IN 

HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914 



Year. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914 


*Included in Order of Merit 


i Ships 
" ( Men 


127 
1,522 


134 
1,671 


116 
1,528 


71 
570 


43 
368 


*Not included in Order of Merit 


( Ships 
" (Men 


— 


— 


— 


27 
108 


23 

75 


*4" guns firing in Battleships and 


Battle C Ships 
- 1 Men 


— 


12 


17 


21 


16 


Cruisers - 


— 


204 


278 


318 


259 


Firing under Special Conditions 


j Ships 
" ( Men 


— 


5 
63 


8 
66 


13 
94 


9 
72 


Number of Ships who did not carry 


out Test 


12 


19 


15 


55 


88 


Number of Battleships and Battle 


Cruisers who 


— 


— 


— 


5 


8 


did not carry out 4" Test. 















Ships are not classed in Order of Merit unless 75 per cent, of their gunlayers fired. 



COMPARATIVE 


RESULTS 


BETWEEN 1910, 1911, 1912 


, 1913, 


1914. 






In Scoring Time. 


Nature of Gun. 


.Rounds Fired. 


Percentage of Hits to Rounds Fired. 




1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


13-5" B.L. Mark V. - 






126 


171 


103 






58-00 


66-66 


85-43 


12" B.L. K.E. VII. and later 


525 


560 


623 


242 


145 


48-90 


37-30 


54-74 


52-48 


52-41 


12" B.L. before K.E. VII. - 


260 


287 


141 


13 


47 


32-30 


35-20 


35-46 


38-46 


38-29 


10" B.L. Marks VI. and 


26 


30 


— 


10 


— 


23-07 


33-33 


— 


40-00 


— 


VII. 






















9 '2" Two gun turrets 


106 


66 


104 


69 


17 


50-90 


53-03 


45-20 


44-92 


88-23 


9 '2" Single gun turrets 


444 


461 


427 


102 


56 


55-60 


55-30 


55-74 


58-82 


39-28 


7-5" B.L. Mark II. - 


250 


256 


251 


91 


66 


52-00 


58-20 


52-20 


59-34 


5151 


7-5" B.L. Mark I. - 


123 


108 


116 


19 


68 


39-80 


39-08 


36-20 


21-05 


35-29 


7'5" B.L. Marks III. and 


144 


143 


— 


48 


— 


45-10 


48-30 


— 


54-16 


— 


IV. 






















6" B.L. Marks XL and XII. 


250 


323 


436 


280 


263 


53-60 


49-50 


49 77 


53-21 


54 • 75 


6" B.L. Marks VII. and 


2,266 


3,024 


2,104 


656 


550 


46-20 


49-90 


49-65 


42-53 


44-90 


VIII. 






















4" B.L. - - - - 


681 


1,153 


1,412 


1,952 


1,460 


44-10 


42-00 


38-50 


55-73 


51-37 


6" Q.F. ---- 


1,002 


934 


231 


119 


36 


63-30 


58-60 


63-60 


51-26 


27-77 


4-7" Q.F. - 


579 


497 


396 


328 


163 


42-70 


40-60 


38-60 


28-65 


53-37 


4" Q.F. Marks I. and III. - 


896 


937 


678 


285 


259 


48-50 


47-00 


42-04 


48-07 


45-56 


9-2" B.L. ) rp . . 
Mark VI. T ™nmg 


— 


— 


— 


— 


23 


— 


— 


— 


— 


13-04 


6" O F - I squadron. 


— 


— 








214 








__ 





43-45 


4" Q.F. Mark IV. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 






5 



SECOND BATTLE SQUADRON. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 

1 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




Rounds 
Fired. 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made 


1 
2 


" AUDA- 
CIOUS." 
" Orion " 

Totals 

"Ajax" - 


1st 
1st 


140-25 
119-00 


10 
10 


13-5" B.L. V. 
13-5" B.L. V. 


39 
33 


— 


2-40 


I 


3-30 

2-80 


R. Callaghan, L.S. - 
J. Jones, P.O. - 


4 
4 


4 
i 




129-62 


20 


— 


72 




** 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L.V. 


— 


— 


** 


"Centurion" - 


— 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L. V. 


— 


— 


— 


1-90 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Conqueror " - 


— 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L. V. 


— 


— 


— 


1-80 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" King George 

V" 

" Monarch " - 


— 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L.V. 


— 


— 


— 


2-70 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


— 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L.V. 


— 


— 


1-60 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Thunderer" - 


— 


— 


— 


; 13-5" B.L.V. 


— 


— 


1-80 


2-60 


— 


— 


— 


— 


*# 


" Buadicea " - 


— 


— 


— 


1 4" B.L. VII. - 

i 


— 


1-17 


1-50 


1-00 


— 


— 


— 


" 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



CHINA SQUADRON. 



1 


"YARMOUTH" 


1st 


104-17 


8 


6" B.L. XI. - 


36 


— 


4-75 


— 


3-13 


G. Browu, L.S. 


6 


6 


2 


" Hampshire " 

Totals 
" Minotaur " - 


1st 
-l 

!= 


97-67 


( * 
1 6 


7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. 


15 

31 


225 
1-33 

2-50 
3-90 


2 25 
2-33 

2-25 

3-80 


— 


2-00 
3-00 


T. C. Carter, L.S. - 
W.H.Thwaites,C.P.O. 


5 
4 


3 
4 




100-92 


1. 


— 


82 




** 


— 


— 


9-2" B.L. XI. 
7-5" B.L. II. 


— 


— 


** 


" Newcastle" - 




— 


— 


6" B.L. XL - 
4" B.L. VII. 


— 


200 
3-70 


3-50 
2-70 


2-50 
3-40 


— ■ 


— 


— 





** 


"Triumph" - 


f — 
( — 


— 


_ 


10" B.L. VII. 
7-5" B.L. IV. 


— 


0-75 

2-07 


— 


— 


, — 


— 




— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



MINE LAYER SQUADRON. 



1 


"NAIAD" - 


1st 


133-33 


4 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


22 




_ 


0-50 


40 


B. Morris, L.-Sergt., 
R.M.L.I. 


6 


5 


2 


" Thetis " 


1st 


11111 


3 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


15 


— 


— 


1-00 


3-33 


S. Ringi-oss, Pte., 
R.M.L.I. 


6 


4 


3 


"Apollo" 

Totals 
" Andromache" 


1st 


4166 


4 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


21 






1 ■ 50 
1-50 


1-25 
3 00 


W. J. Maim. A.B. - 
A. (J. Lane, Lce.-Sgt., 


6 
6 


2 




95-36 


11 


— 


58 




f 


100 00 


1 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


6 


3 


























R.M.L.I. 






t 


" Intrepid " - 


— 


100-00 


1 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


5 


— 


— 


1-50 


3-00 


T. (Jladwish, A.B. - 


5 


3 


t 


" Latona " 


— 


83-33 


2 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


11 


— 


— 


1-25 


2-50 


F. Giffard, A.B. 


6 


3 


t 


"Iphigenia" - 


— 


33-33 


1 


4-7' 


Q.F. - 


5 


— 


— 


100 


1-00 


A. Lovett, A.B. 


5 


1 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



A .i 



6 



FIRST BATTLE CRUISER SQUADRON. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Shin 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 






No, of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
(inn. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison wit li 
previous Years. 


Name 
Best Shot 


of 
in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Points. 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




Rounds 
Fired. 




Merit. 






1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


1 


"NEW 
ZEALAND" 

Totals 

•• Lion " - 

"Queen Mary" 

" Princess 

Royal " 


1st 


91-87 


8 


12" B.L. X. - 


22 


— 


1-875 


0-625 
211 


1-75 


W. Harvey, 


P.O. - 


3 


3 




91-87 


8 


— 


22 




** 
** 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L.V. 
13-5" B.L.V. 
13-5" B.L.V. 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



FLEET FLAGSHIP. 



" IRON 

DUKE " 

Totals 



1st 



87-86 



87-86 



10 
12 



22 



13-5" B.L.V. 
6" B.L. VII. 


31 

45 




— 


— 


2-70 
2-08 


— 


76 



C. Martin, P.O. -4 4 
H.Stone.Sgt.R.M.L.lJ 6 6 



FIRST LIGHT CRUISER SQUADRON 































1 

2 
3 


" BIRMING- 
HAM " 
" Nottingham" 

" Southampton " 

Totals 

" Lowestoft" - 


1st 
1st 
2nd 


100-00 
77 • 78 
75 • 00 


9 
9 
4 


6" B.L. XII. 
6" B.L. XII. 
6" B.L. XL - 


45 
39 
17 


— 


— 


2-88 


3-00 
233 
2-25 


J. Rogers, L.S. 

W.G.F.Walters, A.B. 

H. C. Murrell, Sergt., 
R.M.L.L 


6 
5 

4 

— 


5 
5 
4 




84-26 


22 


— 


101 




** 


— 


_ 


6" B.L. XII. 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



MINE SWEEPING GUNBOATS. 



. 1 

2 


"JASON" - 
" Skipjack " - 


1st 

1st 


133 33 

83-33 


2 
2 


4-7" Q.F. - 
4-7" Q.F. 


9 

8 


— 


0-50 
100 


1-00 


4-00 
2-50 


J. E. H. Waltham. 

L.S. 
E. Pankhurst, L.S. - 


6 
4 


5 

■ 


3 


" Leda" - 


1st 


66-66 


o 


4-7" Q.F. - 


9 


2-50 


1-50 


o-oo 


2-00 


H. R, J. Lewis, L.S. 


5 


3 


4 


" Gossamer" - 

Totals 
i; Speedwell" - 


2nd 


50-00 


2 


4-7" Q.F. - 


8 


2-00 
2-50 


100 
1-50 


roo 

0-50 


1-50 


J. Carroll, P.O. 


3 


2 




83-33 


8 


— 


34 




** 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 




— 


** 


"Circe" 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


o-oo 


100 


— 


— 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



SECOND CRUISER SQUADRON. 













Results obtained in Scoring 


Time. 














Order 


Ship. - 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Natui-e of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




CO 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


1 


"SHANNON" 
Totals. 

" Natal " 

" Cochrane "' - 
"Achilles" - 


1st 


81-71 


1 4 
[10 


9-2" B.L. XI. 

7-5" B.L. II. 


9 
49 


0-75 
3-20 

3-33 
5-00 
217 
2-25 

317 

3-00 


0-75 

2 00 

3 17 

3 ■ 75 
3-66 
3-25 

317 

1-75 




— 


2-25 
2-10 

o-oo 

333 

2-00 
2-00 


C. Quin, P.O. - 
C. G. Looker, Bomb.. 
R.M.A. 

E. Horsham, Cor pi., 

R.M.A. 
G. Boynton, P.O. - 

W.Princecox,L.-Sgt., 

R.M.A. 
H. Collins, P.O. 


3 

6 

5 

6 
4 
5 


3 
5 




8171 


14 


— 


58 




t 

t 

** 


75 • 00 
60-00 


i: 

i- 


9-2" B.L. X. 

7-5" B.L. II. 

9 2" B.L. X. 

7-5" B.L. II. 

9-2" B.L. X. 
7-5" B.L. II. 


5 

17 

9 

10 




3-00 

3-75 

2-50 
2 ■ 75 



5 
2 
2 



| Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 











FIFTH CRUISER 


SQUADRON. 










1 

2 


'FAL- 
MOUTH." 

" Carnarvon " 

Totals 
•'Liverpool " - 


2nd 
2nd 


7916 
75-00 


8 
i 6 


6" B.L. XI. - 

7 5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


36 

13 

25 


2-88 

1-75 
1-50 


1-25 
1-50 

100 

2 10 


1-00 
1-90 


2-37 

1-50 
2-33 

TOO 


A. E. Seymour, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
F. T. Moffat, P.O. - 
W. J. Barnes, P.O. - 

W. Burgess, P.O. - 


6 

3 

4 

4 


6 

3 

4 




77-08 


18 


— 


74 




t 


30-00 


( — 

M 


6" B.L. XL • 
4" B.L. VII. - 


18 


2 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



FIRST BATTLE SQUADRON. 



1 

2 


"ST. VIN- 
CENT." 

" Vanguard " - 


1st 
1st 


99-75 

78-75 


1 
10 

8 


12" B.L. XI. 
12" B.L. XI. 


32 

20 


1-70 


2-40 
1-50 


— 


1-90 
1-50 


R. Trevett, P.O. 
W. Cockerill, P.O. - 


4 
3 


4 

3 


3 


" Bellona " - 

Totals 
"Colossus" - 


1st 
1st 


45-00 


6 


4" B.L. VII.- 


24 


2-50 
1-90 


1-00 
2-30 




1-50 
060 


M. Fitzgerald, Sergt., 
R.M.L.I. 

S. Roskruge, P.O. - 


4 
4 


4 




74-50 


24 


— 


76 




* 


28-50 


10 


12" B.L. XI. 


27 


2 


t 


•' Neptune " - 


— 


118-12 


4 


12" B.L. XI. 


13 


1-50 


2-30 


200 


2-25 


W. Walford, C.P.O.- 


4 


3 


** 


"Collingwood" 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. XI. 


— 


1-70 


2-70 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Hercules" - 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. XL 


— 


0*70 


220 


1-90 


— 


— 


— 


— 


»* 


" Marlborough'" 


— 


— 


— 


13-5" B.L. V. 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Superb" 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. X. - 


— 


170 


310 


2-90 


— 


— 




— 



* 1913 conditions. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



FOURTH CRUISER SQUADRON. 



"ESSEX" ■ 
Totals 

" Bristol " 

"Berwick" 
" Lancaster " 
" Suffolk " 



1st 



7292 



72-92 



60-00 



12 



12 



I a 



(» B.L. VII. 



6" B.L. XL 
4" B.L. VII. 

6" B.L. VII. 

6" B.L. VII. 

6" B.L. VII. 



63 


1-67 
1-50 


1-58 
3-00 


2-00 


2 08 


63 





10 


2-10 


1-70 


1-80 


2-00 


— 


1-83 


1-33 


217 


— 


— 


1-50 


— 


1-83 


— 


— 


2 92 


— 


1-83 


— 



A. H. Tucker, L.S. - 



W. J. Payne, Lee, 
Cpl., ll.M.L.I. 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



** Did not tire in 1914. 



A 4 



8 



FIFTH BATTLE SQUADRON. 









Results obtained in 


Scoring Time. 








Order 


Ship. 


1st or 
2nd 

Fi villi.:. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 
Firing. 


Nature of 

Gun. 

i 


i Rounds 

Fired in 

1!)14. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


i Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




00 . 

S3 <D 
OFn 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


1 


•BULWARK" 


2nd 


100-00 


1 3 
> 12 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


8 
64 


1-25 
2 33 


0-25 
2-75 


— 


1-00 
300 


H. Nunn, P.O. 

F. Harrison, P.O. - 


4 
6 


3 
5 


>2 


• l Prince of 
Wales.'"' 


1st 


87-50 


1 4 
! 12 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


14 
65 


1-50 
3-17 


1-50 
3 09 


— 


2-00 
2-16 


J. Borlace, P.O. 
S. Warren, P.O. 


3 
5 


3 
3 


3 


" London " 


1st 


69 20 


jis 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


10 

57 


0-75 
3-09 


0-75 
2-58 


— 


0-75 
2-08 


G. Hamilton, P.O. - 
J. Rawcliffe, P.O. - 


3 
5 


2 
4 


4 


" Topaze " 


1st 


6417 


12 


4" Q.F. III. - 


58 


3-33 


1-50 


— 


1-83 


J. Green, P.O. - 


6 


5 


5 
6 


" Diamond " - 
•• Venerable" - 
Totals 

" Irresistible " 
■' Formidable " 


1st 
1st 


55 41 
53 • S3 


12 

t 3 
1 12 


4" Q.F. III. - 

12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


44 

9 

60 


2-33 

2-00 
2-50 

0-50 
3-67 

0-75 

2-58 


2-66 

1-25 

2-50 

1-00 

3-09 

0-75 
2-75 


1-25 

2-00 


1-58 

0-33 
1-67 

1-50 
2-00 


B. W. Pye, Pte.. 

R.M.L.I. 
W. T. Bushell, C.P.O. 
G. Dennis, Lce.-Cpl., 

R.M.L.I. 

S. Marriott, Sergt., 
R.M.L.I. 

G. W. Gedney, Lce.- 
Cpl., R.M.L.I. 


5 

3 
4 

3 

6 


4 

1 
3 




71-60 


86 


— 


389 




t 

** 


80-77 

i ~ 
1 — 


i 2 

1 3 


12" B.L. IX. 

6" B.L. VII. - 

12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


6 

17 


2 
5 


** 


" Implacable " . 


— . 


1 - 


__ 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


2-00 
3-00 


1-00 
2-42 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Queen " 


. 


{ = 


— 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


1-75 
2-50 


1-00 
2-09 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 




f Fi 


red less 


than 75 


ier cen 


t. of guns. 








** Did not fire in 1914. 







S.E. AND WEST COAST OF AMERICA. 



" GLASGOW " 

' Totals 
"Algerine" - 
" Shearwater " 



2nd 



69-44 



69-44 



2 

10 



12 



6" B.L. XL 
4" B.L. VII. 



4" Q.F. I. 
4" Q.F. III. 



12 

39 



51 



4-50 

2-80 



3-00 
1-50 



o-oo 

0-80 



0-33 



4-50 
1-00 



1-75 
1-20 



3-50 
2-00 



A. Hill, Pte., R.M.L.I. 
A. Hussey, P.O. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 









FLOTILLA CRUISERS AND 


DEPOT 


SHIPS. 






" 1 


"VULCAN" - 


1st 


91-66 


8 


4-7" Q.F. - 


38 


— 


275 


— 


2 75 


J. B. Smith, P.O. - 


6 


5 


2 


"Amethyst" - 


1st 


90-41 


12 


4" Q.F. III. - 


59 


0-83 


1-58 


— 


2-58 


C. E. Hill, A.B. 


5 


5 


3 


" Fearless " - 


1st 


87-00 


10 


4" B.L. VII. - 


43 


— 


— 


— 


2-90 


W. Stokes, A.B. 


6 


4 


4 


" Blake " 


— 


59-16 


1 i 


6"Q.F.- 

4" B.L. VII. - 


18 
20 


— 


— 


1-50 


0-75 
325 


R.M.Hitchcock L.S. 
J. Roberts, L.S. 


5 
4 


1 
4 


5 
6 


"Woolwich" - 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 
" St. George " - 


1st 
5th 


52 50 
49-58 


4 

4 


4" B.L. VIII. 
6" Q.F. - 


21 
18 


325 


4-00 




1-75 
1:75 


W. Honey, L.S. 
D. Leslie, A.B. 


6 

4 


4 
3 


7 


" Active " 


1st 


45-00 


10 


4" B.L. VII. - 


40 


— 


2-60 


— 


1-50 


T. W. Westcott, P.O. 


4 


4 


8 


"Hebe"- 

Totals 
" Adventure " - 


2nd 


33-33 


2 


4-7" Q.F. - 


6 




1-50 




1-00 


J. Taylor, P.O. 


4 


2 




63-58 


58 


— 


263 




** 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 


— 


** 


"Attentive" - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 




— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



9 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 

i 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 






Result 
obtained by- 
Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


JNaiuc ul 
Best Shot in Ship. 


in Ship. 




Jjfa 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


** 


"Blenheim" - 


— 


— 


f — 
I — 


6" Q.F. - 

4" B.L. VIII. 











1-75 


— 




— 





** 


"Bonaventure" 




— 


.1 — 
1 — 


6" Q.F. - 
4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


4 00 
4-00 


1-00 
1-75 


— 




— 


— 


— 


** 


" Dido " - 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


2-27 


— 


— 


— 




— 


— 


— 


»* 


" Foresight " - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


' ; Forward " - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Hazard " 


— 


— 


— 


4 7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


0-50 


0-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Hecla " 


— 


— 


— 


4" B.L. VIII. 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Patrol " 


— 


— 


' — 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 




— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Skirmisher " 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. IV. - 


— 


— 1 — 




— 


— 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 











THIRD CRUISER 


SQUADRON. 










1 


" DEVON- 
SHIRE." 


1st 


81-48 


1 5 


7-5" B.L.I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


17 
26 


— 


2-50 
1-83 





100 
3-20 


J. Oonnell, P.O. 
\V. Wilson, L.S. 


5 
5 


2 
4 


2 


"Argyll" 


1st 


36-66 


( 4 


7-5" B.L. I. - 


15 


2 25 


1-75 





0-50 


A. B. Duff, L.S. 


2 


1 


1 « 


6" B.L. VII. - 


25 


3-50 


2 ■ 33 


— 


1-33 


G. R. Halton, Pte., 


6 


4 
























R.M.L.I. 

T. Standing, C.P.O. - 
P. Rawson, Gunner, 








Totals 
" Antrim " 


_' 


59-07 


19 


— 


83 


2-50 
4-33 


1-00 
3 17 


— 


2 00 
1-50 


4 

6 




t 


63-88 




7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


8 
20 


3 
3 
























R.M.A. 






t 


" Roxburgh " - 


— 


0-00 




( — 
1 1 


7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


4 


2-00 
117 


1-75 
2 67 


— 


o-oo 


C. Pritchard, Corpl., 
R.M.L.I. 


4 






f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



MEDITERRANEAN. 



1 


" INDOMI- 
TABLE." 

Totals 

"Inflexible" - 


1st 

• 
1st 


59-06 


8 


12" B.L. X. - 


24 




213 

1-38 


163 


ri25 

2-50 


R. W. Ward, Sergt., 
R.M.A. 

A. White, P.O. 


4 

4 


3 




59 06 


8 


— 


24 




* 


118-75 


2 


12" B.L. X. - 


7 


3 


* 


'• Warrior " 


1st 


117-00 


1 * 


9-2" B.L. X.- 
7-5" B.L. II.- 


29 
17 


2-83 
2-75 


2-67 
3-00 


— 


4 16 
350 


W. McMillan, C.P.O. 
F. Dyer, P.O. - 


6 
5 


6 
5 


« 


" Weymouth " 


1st 


91-66 


8 


6" B.L. XI. - 


33 


— 


343 


— 


2-75 


H. Hagger, A.B. 


6 


6 


* 


'■ Defence " - 


1st 


88-42 


I 4 

|io 


9-2" B.L. XI. 
75" B.L. II.- 


14 
53 


1-50 
2-60 


1-50 
2-50 


2-00 
2-80 


2 00 
2-80 


T. D. Halliday, Sergt., 

R.M.A. 
J. Dart, P.O. - 


4 
6 

* 


3 

6 


* 
** 


" Duke of Edin- 
burgh." 

" Black Prince " 


1st 


61-04 


! 10 


9-2" B.L. X.- 
6" B.L. XI. - 

9-2" B.L. X.- 
6" B.L. XI. - 


23 

52 


300 
2-90 

4-00 
2-20 


1-83 
1-20 

1-83 

2-00 


— 


117 
2-30 


W. A. Reed, P.O. - 
G. T. James, Lce.- 
Corpl., R.M.L.I. 


5 
6 


4 
4 


** 


"Chatham" - 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. Xf. - 




— 


— 


212 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Dublin " 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. XI. - 


— 


— 


— 


3-25 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Gloucester " - 


— 


— 


)- 
1- 


6" B.L. XI. - 
4" B.L. VII. - 


— 


— 


350 
1-30 


3 ■ 50 
1-90 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Hussar " 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 




** 


"Indefatigable' 




— 


— 


12" B.L. X. - 


— 


1 • 25 


1-00 


roo 


— 


— 


— 


_ 



* 1913 conditions. 



** Did not lire in 1911. 



A 28479 



1< 



10 



SPECIAL SERVICE VESSELS. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 
2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




02 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made 


'1 


•ALERT" - 


1st 


17 50 


4 


4" Q.F. I. - 


9 


— 


— 


1-25 


0-50 


H. Dodge, L.S. 


3 


1 


"ODIN" 

Totals 
•' Cyclops " 


1st 


17-50 


4 


4" Q.F. I. - 


16 






1-83 
300 


0-50 
2-50 


L. W. Hoad, P.O. - 
A. C. Tagg, P.O. - 


5 
5 


1 




17-50 


8 


— 


25 




t 


75 00 


2 


4" B.L. VIII. 


9 


4 


** 


•• Bramble " - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


1-00 


— 


1-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


•' Britomart " - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


— - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Cadmus" - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


333 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Clio" - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


■ — 


2-33 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Cornwall" - 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


— 


3-08 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Cumberland " 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


2-83 


1-42 


316 


— 


— 


— 


— 


% Jjc 


" Dryad " 


— 


— 


— 


4 7" Q.F. - 


— 


2 00 


1-00 


1-.00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Dwarf " 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


— 


2-00 


3-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Espiegle '' - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


— 


— 


250 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Halcyon " - 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


TOO 


3-00 


3-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Harrier " - 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


0-50 


— 


2-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Highflyer" - 


— 


— ■ 


— 


6" Q.F. - 


— 


4-55 


463 


— 


' — 


— 


— 


— 


- ** 


" Niger " 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Ringdove " - 


— 


— 


— 


4"Q.F.- 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Sappho " - 


— 


— 


1 — 
1 — 


6" Q.F. - 
4-7" Q.F. - 





— 


— 


— 










— 


** 


" Seagull " - 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. ■ - 


— 


2-00 


o-oo 


0-50 


— 




— 


— 


** 


" Spanker " 


— 


-r 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


o-oo 


150 


050 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Sphinx " 


— 


— 


— 


4"Q.F.- 


• ■— • 


— 


— 


o-oo 


— 


— 


— 


— 


#* 


" Thistle " 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


2-00 


— 


0-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Torch " 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. I. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


* * 


" Vindictive " - 


— 


— 


— 


6" Q.F.- 


— 


— 


1-90 


— 


— 


! 


— 


— 






f Fired 


less than 


75 per 


cent. of guns. 








** Di 


d not rl 


re in 1914. 







EAST INDIES SQUADRON. 



DART- 
MOUTH." 

; Fox" - 



"Swiftsure" - 



1st 


12916 


8 


— 


' — 


i- 

1 — 



6" B.L. XL - 

6" Q.F. 
4-7" Q.F. - 

10" B.L. VI. 
7-5" B.L. III. 



41 



— 


2-25 


— 


_ *. 


. 


o-oo 


— 





1-62 


1-76 





1-00 


2-86 


— 


1-86 



3 875 



P. J. O'Neill, Pte.. 
R.M.L.I. 



* 1913 conditions. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



11 



FOURTH BATTLE SQUADRON. 













Results obtained in Scoring Time. 












Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 
Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 
obtained by- 
Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




CO 


Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


O a) 


Hits 
made. 


t 
t 


"DREAD- 
NOUGHT." 

" Agamemnon " 


■"■" 


157-50 
157-50 


2 

1= 


12" B.L. X. - 

12" B.L. X. - 
9-2" B.L. XL 
9-2" B.L. XL 


8 
4 


1-20 


2-30 

1-00 
213 
2-00 


1-00 

0-75 
1-75 
2-00 


3-00 
3-00 


C. U. Baker, P.O. - 
W. Nash, P.O. 


4 
4 


3 
3 


t 


" Blonde " 


— 


45-00 


4 


4" B.L. VII.- 


18 


2-10 


1-50 


2-00 


1-50 


A. A. Garwood, A.B. 


5 


4 


** 


" BeUerophon " 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. X. - 


— 


1-20 


2-10 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Temeraire" - 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. X. - 


— 


210 


1-40 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



Did not fire in 1914, 



SIXTH BATTLE SQUADRON. 



+ Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



THIRD BATTLE SQUADRON. 



t 


" LORD 

NELSON." 


— 


125 00 


|i 


12" B.L. X. - 
9-2" B.L. XL 
9-2" B.L. XL 


4 

8 
4 


0-50 
2-00 
4-00 


100 
1-50 
3-00 


1-50 
112 
300 


3-00 
3-00 
2-00 


S. G. Lambert, C.P.O. 
P. Inkson, L.S. 
J. Tucker, L.S 


4 
4 
4 


3 

4 
2 


t 

** 


"Russell" 
"Albemarle" - 


— 


96-25 


I * 

)- 
I — 


12" B.L. IX.- 
6" B.L. VII.- 

12" B.L. IX. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


21 


2-25 
4-00 

1-00 
1-65 


0-75 
1-58 




2-75 


W. Morey, Corpl., 
R.M.L.l. 


6 


4 


** 


" Cornwallis " 


— 


— 


(- 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


1-75 

350 


1-75 

3-92 




— . 


— 


. — 


— 


** 


" Duncan " - 


— 


— 


f — 
1 — 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


■: 


1-25 
3-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 




— 


** 


" Exmouth " - 


— 


— 


! - 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII.- 


— 


0-75 
3 75 


1-00 
4-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Vengeance " - 


— 


— 


1- 
( — 


12" B.L. VIII. 
6" Q.F. 





— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 











1 4 


12" B.L. IX.- 


14 


0-75 


1-50 




0-25 


F. G. Twine, Sergt., 


4 


1 


t 


"HIBERNIA" 


— 


71-00 


« 


9-2" B.L. X. 


20 


2-50 


0-75 




3-00 


R.M.A. 
W. Davidson, C.P.O. 


5 


4 










( 5 


6" B.L. XL - 


26 


1-90 


1-60 


— 


2-60 


A. M. Morrice, P.O. 


6 


4 










1 — 


12" B.L. IX.- 





0-75 


1-75 








, 






t 


"Zealandia" - 


— 


60 00 


Is 


9 2" B.L.X.- 


4 


3-50 


1-50 


— 


1-00 


W. Holbrow, P.O. - 


4 


1 










6" B.L. VII.- 


14 


2-10 


3 60 


— 


2-00 


S. Goodwin, P.O. - 


5 


3 










( 1 


12" B.L. IX. - 


4 


1-50 


1-00 


. 


o-oo 


G. Marshall, C.P.O. - 


4 





t 


" King Edward 


— 


52 50 


) 


92" B.L. X.- 


— 


3-75 


4-25 


— 


— 


— 


— 







VII." 






6" B.L. VII.- 


9 


2-50 


2-40 


— 


2-00 


E. J. Ford, Pte., 


4 


3 
























R.M.L.l. 














(- 


12" B.L. IX.- 


— 


1-50 


2 25 


— 


— 


— 


— 


, 


t 


" Common- 


— 


35-00 


j 


9-2" B.L.X.- 




4-00 


2 75 


— 


— 


— 


— 


. 




wealth." 






\ i 


6" B.L. VII.- 


4 


3-60 


3 30 


— 


1-00 


J. L. Reed, Sergt. - 


4 


1 


t 


" Blanche " - 


— 


00 


i 

i 


4" B.L. VII.- 
12" B.L. IX. - 


2 


2-80 
100 


1 • 40 
100 


1-60 


o-oo 
J 


W. J. Wadley, Sergt.. 
R.M.L.l. 


2 





** 


"Africa" 


— 


— 


-) 


9 2" B.L. X.- 


— 


3-75 


1-75 


— 


( 

r 


— . 


— . 













6" B.L. XI. - 


— 


2-30 


1-80 


— 
















j 


12" B.L. IX. - 


— 


1-75 


1-75 





i 








** 


"Britannia" - 


— . 


— 


9 2" B.L. X.- 


— 


3-25 


3-75 


— 


( 


— 


— , 


.-_ 










i 


6" B.L. XI. - 


— 


2-80 


2-40 


— 


) 
















j 


12" B.L. IX. - 





1-75 


1-00 





) 








** 


" Dominion " - 


— 


. — - 


9-2" B.L.X.- 


— 


5-00 


4-25 


— 


( 

f 


— 


— 













< 


6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


3-50 


2 10 


— 
















j 


12" B.L. IX. - 





0-75 


2-00 


0-33 


1 








** 


" Hindustan " - 


— 


. — 


9 -2" B.L. X.- 





2-50 


2-25 


1-00 


f- 


— 


— 













i 


6" B.L. VII.- 





3 30 


1-80 


200 


f 









f Fired less than 75 per cent, of gunlayera. 



** Did not fire in 1911. 



B 2 



12 



AUSTRALIAN FLEET. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



NEW ZEALAND DIVISION. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



Older 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 
Men 


Nature of 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




(inn. 
Firing. 


Rounds 
Fired. 




Merit. 


1911. 


•1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


** 


"AUSTRALIA" 


— 


— 


— 


12" B.L. X. - 


— 


— 


— 


213 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


•• Encounter " - 








— 


6" B.L. VII. - 


— 


3 36 


— 


155 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


- Melbourne " - 


— 


— 


— 


6" B.L. XI. - 


— 


— 


— 


— — 




— 


— 


** 


•• Sydney " 




— 


— 


6" B.L. XL - 


— 


— 


— 


2 50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1 






i 




** Did not fire in 1914. 








■ 







** 


"PHILOMEL" 


— 


— 


— 


4-7" Q.F. - 


— 


— 


1-63 


— 


— 


— — 


— 


*# 


" Psyche " 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


300 


1-50 


_ 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Pyiamus" - 


— 


— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


2-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 













CAPE OF GOi 


3D 


HOPE. 










** 


" ASTR.EA " - 


— 


— 


1 — 


6" Q.F. 

4-7" Q.F. - 


. 


2-00 
2-75 


— '■ o-oo 
; i-75 


— 


— ... 





— 


** 


"Hyacinth" - 


— 


— 


— 


6" Q.F. 


— 


— 


— 2S2 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Pegasus" 




— 


— 


4" Q.F. III. - 


— 


2-00 


1.-25 0-38 


— 


— 


— 


— 



TRAINING SQUADRON. 



CRESCENT" 



" Royal 

Arthur. 



" Edgar " 
"Theseus" 

" Hawke " 

Totals 
" Endymion " 

'• Gibraltar " 

" Grafton " • 



1st 90-1! 



Train- 
ing 

Squad- 
ron. 

1st 



1st 



1st 



43 • 59 



33-06 



30-69 



23 • 1 6 



44-12 



12 
1 



9-2" B.L. VI. 

6" Q.F. 

9-2" B.L. VI. 



f 12 6" Q.F. 



J 2 
i'10 

i 2 

I io 

j 2 

I 8 



60 



9-2" B.L. VI. 

6" Q.F. 

9-2" B.L. VI. 
6" Q.F. 

9 2" B.L. VI. 

6" Q.F. 



9-2" B.L. VI. 
6" Q.F. 

9-2" B.L. VI. 
6" Q.F. 

9-2" B.L. VI. 

6" Q.F. 



3 


. — 


— 


— 


2-00 


59 


— 


— 


— 


3-25 


2 


— 


— 


— 


o-oo 


47 


— 


— 


— 


1-66 


7 


— 


— 


— 


o-oo 


39 


— 


— 


— 


1-40 


5 


, 








o-oo 


41 


— 


— 


— 


1-30 


6 


— 


— 


— 


0-50 


28 






— 


0-88 


237 


— 


— 


— 




— 


— 



W. A. Norton, Sergt., j 3 

R.M.L.I. 

A. G. Jelley, A.B. - 6 

F. Whitcombe, Pte., 2 
R.M.L.I. 

G. W. Gardner, P.O. j 6 



J. H. Bird. Corpl., 4 

R.M.L.I. 

A. Goldsack, P.O. - ' 6 

J. McGoldrick. P.O. 3 

G. Lonie, Pte., , 4 

R.M.L.I. 

W. H. Mann, Sergt., 2 

R.M.L.I. 

W. Scott. L.S. - 4 



2 
5 

3 


3 


•> 
O 

1 

3 



Did not fire in 1914. 



13 



ABSTRACT OF RETURNS 

OF 

ANNUAL TEST OF GUNLAYERS 

WITH 

HEAVY GUNS 

IN 

HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914; 

WITH COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF 1912,1918 AND 1914. 



13-5" B.L. 







1st 






Scoring Time. 


Order 






Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 


of 


Ship. 


or 2nd 




Station. 














Merit. 




Filing. 




: 


Men 
Firing. 


Rounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 






















1914. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 


"AUDACIOUS " - 


1st 


2nd Battle Squadron 


10 


39 






_ 


3-30 


2 


" Orion " 


1st 


2nd Battle Squadron 


10 


33 


— 


2-40 


— 


2-80 


3 


"Iron Duke" - 


1st 


Fleet Flagship 


10 


31 


— 


— 


— 


2-70 


» 


" Centurion " - 


— 


2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1-90 


— 


# 


" Conqueror " - 


— 


2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1-80 


— 


* 


" Monarch " - 


— 


2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


1-60 


— 


— 


* 


" King George V. " - 


— 


2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-70 


— 


* 


"Thunderer" - 


— 


2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


1-80 


2-60 


— 


# 


" Queen Mary " 


— 


1st Battle Cruiser 
Squadron. 


— 


— 


— 


— 


0-63 


— 


* 


"Lion" - 


— 


1st Battle Cruiser 


— 


— 


— 


1-88 


— 


— 


» 


" Princess Royal " - 




Squadron. 
1st Battle Cruiser 










2-11 




* 

# 


" Ajax 

" Marlborough " 


— 


Squadron. 
2nd Battle Squadron 
2nd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


■ — 


— 


— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



12" B.L. 



1 " ST. VINCENT 

" New Zealand 

3 " Vanguard " 

4 " Indomitable 



5 ; ' Hibernia " 

" Agamemnon 
t "Dreadnought" 
t " Lord Nelson " 
t "Neptune" 
f "King Edward VII. 



1st 1st Battle Squadron 

1st 1st Battle Cruiser 

Squadron. 
1st 1st Battle Squadron 
1st 2nd Battle Cruiser 
Squadron (Mediterra- 
nean). 
2nd 3rd Battle Squadron 
4th Battle Squadron 
4th Battle Squadron 
Btb Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Squadron 
i 3rd Battle Squadron 
f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns 



10 


■A2 


1-70 


2-40 




8 


22 




— 


— 


8 


20 




1 • 50 





8 


24 





2-13 


— 


4 


14 


0-75 


1 • 50 




1 


4 


— 


1-00 


0-75 


2 


S 


1 20 


2-30 


1-00 


1 


4 


•.")() 


1-00 


1-50 


1 


13 


[1-50 


2-30 


2-00 


1 


1 


1-50 


1 00 


- 1 



1-90 

1 • 75 

1-50 
1-25 



0-25 
3-00 
3-00 
3-00 
2 25 
0-00 



B 3 



14 





Ship. 


1st 
or 2nd 

Firing. 


Station. 


Scoring Time. 


Order 

of 
Merit. 


Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 


Men 




Hits per Gun firing. 










Firing, 


Rounds. 






1 
















1914. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 




"Inflexible" - 




2nd Battle Cruiser 


2 


7 




1-38 


1-63 


2-50 




(1913 conditions.) 




Squadron (Mediterra- 
nean). 
















"■ Vanguard " - 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


2 


7 


— 


1-50 


— 


1-00 




(1913 conditions.") 




















" Colossus " 


1st 


1st Battle Squadron 


10 


27 


1-90 


2-30 


— 


0-60 




(1913 conditions.) 




















" St. Vincent" 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


2 


4 


1-70 


2-40 


— 


0-50 




(1913 conditions.) 


















* 


" Dominion " - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-75 


1-00 


— 


— 


* 


" Bellerophon " 


— 


4th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-20 


2-10 


— 


— 


* 


" Superb " 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-70 


3-10 


2-90 


— 


# 


'• Collingwood " 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-70 


2-70 


— 


— 


* 


" Indefatigable " 




2nd Battle Cruiser 
Squadron (Mediterra- 
nean). 






1-25 


1-00 


1-00 




* 


"• Commonwealth " - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-50 


2-25 


— 


— 


* 


" Africa " 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-00 


1-00 


— 


— 


* 


" Temeraire " - 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-10 


1-40 


— 


— 


« 


•' Hindustan " - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


0-75 


2-00 


0-33 


— 


* 


" Britannia " - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-75 


1-75 


— 


— 


# 


" Hercules " 


— 


1st Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


0-70 


2-20 


1-90 


— 


* 


" Australia " - 


— 


Australian Fleet, 

H.M.A.N. 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-87 


— 


* 


" Zealandia " - 


~~~ 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


0-75 


1-75 





— 



Did not fire in 1914. 



12" B.L. 









Previous to King Edward. 


- 










1 


" PRINCE OF 
WALES." 


1st 


5th Battle Squadron 


4 


14 


1-50 


1-50 


— 


2-00 


2 


" Bulwark " - 


2nd 


5th Battle Squadron 


3 


8 


1-25 


0-25 


— 


1-00 


3 


"London" 


1st 


5th Battle Squadron 


4 


10 


0-75 


0-75 


— 


0-75 


4 


" Venerable " - 


1st 


5th Battle Squadron 


3 


9 


2-00 


1-25 


— 


0-33 


t 


" Irresistible " - 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


2 


6 


0-50 


1-00 


1 -25 


1-50 


* 


" Vengeance " - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 














* 


" Formidable " 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


0-75 


0-75 


— 


— 


* 


" Queen" 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-75 


1-00 


— 


— 


* 


" Cornwallis " - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-75 


1-75 


— 


— 


* 


" Russell " 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-25 


0-75 


— 


— 


# 


" Exmouth " - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


0-75 


1-00 


— 


— 


* 


" Implacable " - 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-00 


1-00 


— 


— 


% 


" Duncan " 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-25 


— 


— 


— 


# 


" Albemarle " - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 




~ 


1-00 








■~~ 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



10" B.L. 



" SWIFTSURE " 
" Triumph " - 



East Indies Squadron 
China Squadron - 



— 


— 


1-75 
0-75 


— 


1-00 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



15 



9*2" B.L. 
DOUBLE GUN TURRETS. 





Ship. 


1st 
or 2nd 
Firing. 


Station. 


Scoring Time. 


Order 

of 
Merit, 


Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Tears. 


Men 

Firing, 

1914. 


Bounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 
t 

# 
* 


" SHANNON " 
" Lord Nelson " 
" Defence " - 

(1913 conditions). 
" Agamemnon " 
" Minotaur " - 


1st 
1st 


2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
6th Battle Squadron 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
4th Battle Squadron 
China Squadron - 


4 
2 
4 


9 

8 

14 


0-75 
2-00 
1-50 

2-50 


0-75 
1-50 
1-50 

2-13 
2-25 


1-12 
1-75 


2-25 
3-00 
2-00 



-j- Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



9 -2" B.L. MARKS X. AND XL 
SINGLE GUN TURRETS. 



1 


"HIBERNIA" 




2 


" Duke of Edinburgh " 


1st 


t 


" Lord Nelson " 





t 


" Zealandia " - 


— 


t 


" Natal " 


— 




" Warrior " - 


1st 




(1913 conditions.) 






" Cochrane " - 


— 


* 


(1913 conditions.) 
«' Africa " 




* 


"Hindustan" - 


— 


* 


" Commonwealth " - 


— 


# 


" Dominion " - 


— 


* 


"Britannia" - 


— 


* 


" Agamemnon " 
" Black Prince " 


— 


* 


" Achilles " 





* 


" King Edward VII." 


— 



3rd Battle Squadron 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean.) 
6th Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
2nd Cruiser Squadron - 

3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
4th Battle Squadron 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
3rd Battle Squadron 






4 


20 


2-50 


0-75 




6 


23 


3-00 


1-83 


— 


1 


4 


4-00 


3-00 


3-00 


1 


4 


3-50 


1-50 


— 


1 


5 


3-33 


3-17 


— 


6 


29 


2-83 


2 67 


— 


2 


9 


2-17 


3-66 


3-00 


__ 





3-75 


1-75 





— 


— 


2-50 


2-25 


1-00 


— 


— 


4-00 


2-75 


— 


— 


— 


5-00 


4-25 


— 


— 


— 


3-25 


3-75 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-00 


2-00 


— 


— 


4-00 


1-83 


— 





, 


3-17 


3-17 


2-50 








3-75 


4-25 


— 



3-00 
1-17 

2-00 
1-00 
0-00 
4-16 

2-00 



| Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



9*2" B.L. MARK VI. 
TRAINING SQUADRON. 



l 

2 



# 

* 



" CRESCENT " - 


1st 


" Hawke " 


1st 


" Theseus " - 


1st 


"Edgar" 


1st 


" Royal Arthur " - 


— 


" Gibraltar " - 


— 


" Grafton " 


— 


" Endymion " - 


— 



Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 



Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 



1 


3 


2 


6 


2 


5 


2 


7 


1 


2 



2-00 
0-50 
0-00 
0-00 
0-00 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



\\ 4 



16 



7'5" B.L. MARK I. 





Ship. 






Scoring Time. 


Order 

of 

M !it. 


1st 
or 2nd 

Firing. 


Station. 


Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 


Men 

Firing, 

19H. 


Rounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 
2 

3 

4 

t 


"HAMPSHIRE" - 

,v Carnarvon " - 
" Devonshire " - 
"Argyll" 
" Antrim " 
"Roxburgh" - 


1st 

2nd 

1st 

1st 

2nd 


China Squadron 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron] - 


4 
I 
4 
4 
2 


15 
13 
17 
15 

8 


2-25 
1-75 

2-25 
2-50 
2-00 


2-25 
1-25 
2-50 
1-75 
1-00 
1-75 


— 


2-00 
1-50 
1-00 
0-50 
2-00 



f .Fired less than 75 per cent, of her guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



7-5" B.L. MARK II. 



1 


" NATAL " - 




2nd Cruiser Squadron - 


3 


17 


5-00 


3-75 




3-33 


2 


" Shannon " - 


1st 


2nd Cruiser Squadron - 


10 


49 


3-20 


2-00 


— 


2-40 


— 


" Warrior " - 
(1913 conditions.) 


1st 


1st Cruiser Squadron 
(Mediterranean.) 


4 


17 


275 


3-00 


— 


3-50 


— 


" Defence " 


1st 


1 st Cruiser Squadron 


10 


53 


2-60 


2-50 


— 


2-80 




(1913 conditions.) 




(Mediterranean). 














— 


" Cochrane " - 


— 


2nd Cruiser Squadron - 


2 


10 


2-25 


3-25 


3-75 


2-00 




(1913 conditions.) 


















# 


" Minotaur " - 


- — ■ 


China Squadron 


— 


— 


3-90 


3-80 


— 


— 


# 


" Achilles " - - 


— 


2nd Cruiser Squadron - 


— 


— 


3-00 


1-75 


2-75 


— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



^_ 

7-5" B.L. MARK HI. 



# 



"SWIFTSURE" 
" Triumph " - 



East Indies Squadron 
China Squadron - 







2-86 




1-86 





— T" 


2-07 


— 


— 



Did not fire in 1914. 



6" B.L. MARK XL and XII. 



l 

2 
3 

4 
o 

6 

7 
t 



" GLASGOW " 

"Yarmouth" - 
" Birmingham " 

"Falmouth" - 
" Nottingham " 

"Duke of Edinburgh" 

" Southampton " 

"Hibernia" - 
" Dartmouth " - 

(1913 conditions). 
" Weymouth " - 

(1913 conditions.) 
" Britannia " - 
" Africa " 



2nd 
1st 

1st 

2nd i 
1st 

1st 

2nd 

i 
__ i 

1st 
1st 



Special Service 

China Squadron 

1st Light Cruiser 

Squadron. 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
1 st Light Cruiser 

Squadron. 
1st Cruiser Squadrou 

(Mediterranean). 
1st Light Cruiser 

Squadron. 
3rd Battle Squadron 
East Indies Squadron - 

Light Cruiser (Mediter- 
ranean). 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 



2 


12 


4-50 


0-00 


4-50 


8 


36 


— 


4-75 


— 


9 


45 


— 


— 


— 


8 


36 


2-88 








9 


39 


— 


— 


— 


10 


52 


2-90 


1-20 


— 


4 


17 


— 


— 


2-88 


5 


26 


1-90 


1-60 


__ 


8 


41 


— 


2-25 


— 


8 


33 


— 


3-43 


— 


„ „, _ 


. 


2-80 


2-40 





— 


— 


2-30 


1-80 


- 1 



3-50 
3<13 
3-00 

2-37 
2-33 

2-30 

2-25 

2-60 
3-875 

2-75 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 






Order 

of 
Merit. 



17 



Ship. 



1st 
or 2nd 
Firing. 



Station. 



Scoring Time. 



Total No. of 



Men 

Firing, 
1914. 



Bounds 



Comparison with previous 
Years. 



Hits per Gun firing. 



1911. 1912. 



1913. 



1914. 



" Black Prince " 

"Lowestoft" - 

" Sydney " 

" Chatham " - 

" Melhourne " - 

"Gloucester" - 

" Dublin " 

" Newcastle " - 

" Bristol " 

" Liverpool " - 



1st Cruiser Squadron 
(Mediterranean). 

1st Light Cruiser 
Squadron. 

Light Cruiser (Australian 
Fleet), H.M.A.N. 

Light Cruiser (Mediter- 
ranean). 

Light Cruiser (Australian 
Fleet), H.M.A.N. 

Light Cruiser (Mediter- 
ranean). 

Light Cruiser (Mediter- 
ranean). 

Light Cruiser (China) - 

5th Cruiser Squadron 

5th Cruiser Squadron 



2-20 



2-00 



2-00 
1-50 



3-50 



3-50 
3-00 
1-00 



2-50 
2*12 

3-50 

3-25 

2-50 
2-00 
1-00 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



6" B.L. MARK VII. and VIII. 



4 
5 



8 

9 

10 

t 
t 
t 

t 
t 
t 

t 

# 

* 
# 

* 
* 
# 

# 

# 



"DEVONSHIRE" 

" Hampshire " 

" Bulwark " - 

" Carnarvon " - 

" Prince of Wales " - 

" London " 

" Essex " 

"Iron Duke" - 

"Venerable" - 

" Argyll " 

" Russell " 

" Zealandia " - 

" Irresistible " 

" Antrim " 

" King Edward VII. 

" Commonwealth " • 

"Roxburgh" - 

" Queen " 

" Dominion " - 

" Implacable" - 

" Formidable " - 

" Cornwallis " - 

"Albemarle" - 

" Exmouth " - 

" Duncan " 

"Berwick" 

" Lancaster " - 

" Suffolk " 

"Encounter" - 

"Dido" - 
" Cumberland " 
" Cornwall " - 
" Marlborough " 
"Hindustan" - 



1st 
1st 
2nd 
2nd 
1st 
1st 
1st 
1st 
1st 
1st 



3rd Cruiser Squadron 
China Squadron - 
5th Battle Squadron 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
4th Cruiser Squadron 
Fleet Flagship 
5th Battle Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
4th Cruiser Squadron 
4th Cruiser Squadron 
4th Cruiser Squadron 
Light Cruiser (Australian 

Fleet), H.M.A.N. 
Flotilla Cruiser 
Special Service 
Special Service 
1st Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 



5 


26 




1-83 




6 


31 


1 


33 


2-33 


— 


12 


64 


2 


33 


2-75 


— 


6 


25 


1 


50 


1-50 


— 


12 


65 


3 


17 


3-09 


— 


12 


57 


3 


09 


2-58 


— 


12 


63 


1 


67 


1-58 


— 


12 


45 






— 


— 


12 


60 


2 


50 


2-50 


— 


6 


25 


3 


50 


2-33 


— 


4 


21 


4 


00 


1-58 


— 


3 


14 


2 


10 


3-60 


— 


3 


17 


3 


67 


3-09 


2-00 


4 


20 


4 


33 


3-17 


— 


2 


9 


2 


50 


2 40 


. — 


1 


4 


3 


60 


3-30 


— 


1 


4 


1 


17 


2-67* 


— 


— 


— 


2 


50 


2-09 


— 


— 


— 


3 


50 


2-10 


— 


— - 


— 


3 


00 


2-42 


— 


— - 


— 


2 


58 


2-75 


— 


— 


— 


3 


•50 


3-92 


— 


— 


— 


1 


66 


— 


— 


— 


— 


3 


75 


4-00 


— 


— 


— 


3 


00 


— 


— 


— 


— ■ 


1 


83 


1-33 


2-17 


— - 


— 


1 


50 


— 


1-83 


— 


— 


2 


92 


— 


1-83 


— 


— 


3 


36 


— 


1-55 


— 


— 


2 


27 








— 


— 


2-83 


1-42 


3-16 


— 


— 


— 


3-08 


— 


— 


— 


3 • 30 


1*80 


2-00 



3- 


20 


3 


00 


3" 


00 


2 


33 


2 


16 


2 


08 


2 


08 


2 


08 


1 


67 


1 


33 


2 


75 


2 


00 


2 


00 


1 


50 


•> 


00 


1 


00 


O 


00 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



Di.l not tire in 1914. 



A 28479 



18 



4" B.L. MARK VII. 



Order 

of 
Merit. 



2 
3 
4 



11 
12 
13 
14 

15 



17 I 

I 

19 
20 
21 

t 
t 
t 
t 

t 

t 



# 



Ship 



lsl 
or 2nd 
Firing 



Scoring Time. 



Station. 



Total No. of 



Men 

Firing, 

1914. 



Comparison with previous 
Years. 



Hits per Gun firing. 



Hounds. 



I 



1911. 



"KING GEORGE 
V." 

" Orion " - 

" Audacious " - 

"Blake" 



5 "New Zealand " 

6 "Fearless" - 

7 " Ajax " 

8 " Monarch " 

9 " Centurion " 
10 "Princess Royal" 



" Neptune " - 
" St. Vincent " 
" Glasgow " - 
" Vanguard " - 
" Conqueror " - 
" Woolwich " - 
(Fired from T.B.D.) 
"Active" 
" Bellona " 

" Bellerophon " 
" Colossus " - 
" Temeraire " ■ - 
" Hercules " 
" Cyclops " 
"Bristol" 
"Blonde" 

" Blanche " 

" Liverpool " - 
" St. Vincent " 

(1913 conditions.) 
" Vanguard " - 

(1913 conditions.) 
" Collingwood " 
"Superb" 
" Thunderer " - 
" Queen Mary " 

"Lion" - 

"Indefatigable" 



" Gloucester " 

" Boadicea " 

" Newcastle " 

" Australia " 

" Hecla " 
"Blenheim" 



2nd 

1st 
1st 
Flo- 
tilla 
Crui- 
ser. 
1st 

1st 
1st 
1st 
2nd 
2nd 

2nd 
1st 

2nd 
1st 

2nd 
1st 

1st 
1st 

2nd 
1st 

1st 



2nd Battle Squadron 

2nd Battle Squadron 
2nd Battle Squadron 
Flotilla Depot 



1st Battle Cruiser 

Squadron. 
Flotilla Cruiser 
2nd Battle Squadron 
2nd Battle Squadron 
2nd Battic Squadron 
]st Battle Cruiser 

Squadron. 
1st Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Squadron 
Special Service 
lsl Battle Squadron 
2nd Battle Squadron 
Flotilla Depot 

Flotilla Cruiser 

Light Cruiser (1st Battle 

Squadron). 
4th Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Squadrou 
1st Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Squadron 
Special Service 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
Light Cruiser (4th Battle 

Squadron). 
Light Cruiser (3rd Battic; 

Squadron). 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
1st Batt e Squadron 

1st Battle Squadron 

1st Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Squadron 
2nd Battle Squadron 
1st Battle Cruiser 

Squadrou. 
1st Battle Cruiser 

Squadron. 
2nd Battle Cruiser 
Squadron (Mediter- 
ranean). 
Light Cruiser (Mediter- 
ranean). 
Light Cruiser (2nd Battle 
Squadron). 



Light Cruiser 

Squadron). 
Australian 

(H.M.A.N.). 
Flotilla Depdt 
Flotilla Depot 



(China 
Fleet 



1912. 



1913. 



16 


93 


— 


— 


4-13 


16 


91 





3-00 


2-87 


16 


85 


— 


— 


— 


4 


20 


~ 




1-50 


16 


67 


— 


— 


— 


10 


43 


— 


— 


— 


16 


80 


— 


— 


— 


16 


82 


- — 


2-50 


4-06 


16 


82 


— 


— 


2-44 


16 


79 


— 


— 


4-43 


16 


83 


2 94 


1-81 


2-44 


18 


96 


1-55 


0-61 


3-50 


10 


39 


2-80 


0-80 


1-00 


17 


71 


— 


1-56 


1-33 


16 


80 


— 


— 


3-87 


4 


21 


— 


— 


— 


10 


40 





2-60 





6 


24 


2-50 


1-00 


— 


16 


75 


1-19 


0-94 


1-94 


16 


79 


2-56 


1-63 


— 


16 


67 


1-13 


0-88 


— 


1 


6 


2:19 


2-81 


2-44 


2 


9 


— 


— 


3-00 


9 


10 


2-10 


1-70 


1-80 


4 


18 


2-10 


1-50 


2-00 


1 


2 


2-80 


1-40 


1-60 


5 


18 


. 


2-10 


1-90 


6 


30 


1-55 


0-61 


3-50 


5 


17 


— 


1-56 


1-33 




_ 


2-50 


1-89 


2-50 





— 


0-81 


1-19 


2-06 


— 


— 


" " ' 


2-31 


3-18 
2-00 


— 


— 


— 


2-06 


2-56 


— 


— 


2-88 


1-06 


2-25 


— 


— 


— 


1-30 


1-90 


— 


— 


1-17 


1-50 


1-00 


— 


— 


3-70 


2-70 


3-40 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-87 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1-75 



1914. 



4-81 

4-50 
3-68 
3-25 



3-125 



90 
75 
68 
62 
56 

43 
38 
00 

82 
75 

75 

50 
50 

435 

375 

25 

00 

50 

00 

50 

00 

00 
50 



0-80 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



19 
6" Q.F. 





Ship. 


1st 
or 2nd 
Firing. 






Scoring Time. 


Order 
of 

Merit. 




Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 






Men 

Firing, 

1914. 


Rounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 
2 

# 
* 
* 
* 
# 
# 

* 


" ST. GEORGE " - 
" Blake " 
" Sappho " 
" Vindictive " - 
"Blenheim" - 
" Vengeance " - 
" Hermione " - 
" Astraea " 
"Highflyer" - 
" Bonaventure " 
"Hyacinth" - 
"Fox" - 


5 th 

1st 


Flotilla Depot 
Flotilla Depot 
Special Service 
Special Service 
Flotilla Depot 
6th Battle Squadron 

Cape of Good Hope 
Special Service 
Flotilla Cruiser 
Cape of Good Hope 
East Indies Squadron - 


4 
4 


18 
18 


3-25 

2-00 
4-45 


4-00 
1-90 

4-63 
4-00 


1-50 
0-00 

1-00 
2-82 
0-00 


1-75 
0-75 



Did not fire in 1914. 



6" Q.F. TRAINING SQUADRON. 



l 

2 
3 

4 

5 

# 

* 



"CRESCENT" 

" Royal Arthur " 

" Edgar " 

" Theseus " 

" Hawke " 

" Endymion " - 

" Grafton " - 

" Gibraltar " - 



1st 
1st 
1st 
1st 
1st 



Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training 
Training- 
Training 
Training- 



Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 
Service 



12 


59 








12 


47 


— 


— 


— 


10 


39 


— 


— 


— 


10 


41 


— 


— 


— 


8 


28 











— 


— 


— 


— 


— 



3-25 
1-66 
1-40 
1-30 
0-88 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



4-7" 



Q.F. 



'I 1 


"JASON" - 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


2 


9 




0-50 


100 


4-00 


" Naiad " 


1st 


Minelayer Squadron 


4 


22 


— - 


— 


• 50 


4-00 


3 


" Thetis " 


1st 


Minelayer Squadron 


3 


15 


— 


— 


1-00 


3-33 


4 


" Vulcan " 


1st 


Flotilla Depot 


8 


38 


— 


2-75 


— 


2-75 


5 


" Skipjack " - 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


2 


8 


— 


1-00 


— 


2-50 


6 


"Leda"- 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


2 


8 


2-50 


1 -50 


o-oo 


2-00 


7 


" Gossamer " - 


2nd 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


2 


8 


2-00 


1-00 


1 -00 


1 • 50 


8 


" Apollo " 


1st 


Minelayer Squadron 


4 


21 


— 


■ — ■ 


i-50 


1-25 


9 


" Hebe 


2nd 


Flotilla Cruiser 


2 


6 


— 


1 • 50 


— 


1-00 


t 


" Andromache " 


— 


Minelayer Squadron 


1 


6 


— 


— 


1-50 


3-00 


t 


" Intrepid " 


— 


Minelayer Squadron 


I 


5 


— 


■ — 


1-50 


3-00 


t 


" Latona " 


— 


Minelayer Squadron 


2 


11 


— 


— 


1-25 


2-50 


t 


"Iphigenia" - 


— - 


Minelayer Squadron 


1 


5 


— 


— 


1-00 


1 -oo 


* 


"Philomel" - 


— 


New Zealand Division - 


— 


— 


— 


1-63 


— 


— 


* - 


" Astraea " 


— 


Cape of Good Hope 


— 


— 


2 • 75 


. — 


1-75 


— 


# 


"Fox" - 


— 


East Indies Squadron - 


— 


— 


— 


. — 


1-62 


— 


iff 


" Halcyon " - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1 -00 


3 00 


3-00 


— 


» 


" Harrier " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


• 50 


— 


2-00 


— 


-i' 


"Hussar" 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— , 




# 


" Dryad " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


. — 


2 - 00 


1 ■ 00 


1 00 


— 


* 


" Niger "- 




Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


* 


" Hazard " 




Flotilla Cr nisei- 


— 


— 


— 


0-50 


• 50 


— 


# 


" Speedwell " - 


— 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


— 


— 


2-50 


1 • 50 


0-50 


— 


# 


"Bonaventure" 


— 


Flotilla Depol 


— 


— 


— 


4 • 00 


1-75 


— 


* 


" Seagull " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2 • 00 


0-00 


0-50 


— 


* 


" Spanker " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


0-00 


1 • 50 


0-50 


— 


* 


" Circe " 


— 


- 


— 


— 


— 


0-00 


1-00 


— 


«■ 


" Speedy " 


— 


Special Sen ice 


— 


— 


2 • 50 


— 


2-00 


— 


* 


" Hermione " - 


— 


. . 


— 


— 


— 


— 


1 • 50 


— 


» 


" Sappho " 




Special Service 


— 


— 


— 








— 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of their guns. 



* Did not fire in 191 I. 



(' 



20 



4" Q.F. MARK I. and HI. 







1st 




Scoring Time. 


Order 


Total No. of 


Comparison with 














previous 1 ears. 


of 
Merit. 


Ship. 


or 2nd 
Firing 


Station. 








Men 

Firing, 

1914. 


Rounds 


Hits per Gun filing. 










1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 


" INDOMITABLE " 


1st 


2nd Battle Cruiser 
Squadron (Mediter- 
ranean). 


16 


73 


2-75 


2-13 


3-31 


2-625 


2 


"Amethyst" - 


1st 


Flotilla Cruiser 


12 


59 


0-83 


1-58 


— 


2-58 


3 


" Topaze " 


1st 


Light Cruiser (5th Battle 
Squadron). 


12 


58 


3-33 


1-50 


— 


1-83 


4 


" Diamond " - 


1st 


Light Cruiser (5th Battle 
Squadron). 


12 


44 


2-33 


2-66 


— 


1-58 


5 j 


" Alert 


1st 


Special Service 


1 


9 


— 


— 


1-25 


0-50 


"Odin" - 


1st 


Special Service 


4 


16 


— 


— 


1-83 


0-50 




"Inflexible" - 
(1913 conditions.) 


2nd 


2nd Battle Cruiser 
Squadron (Mediter- 
ranean). 


16 


89 


3-44 


3-18 


2-68 


3-92 


ss 


" Algerine " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


3-00 


— 


1-75 


— 


:"i 


" Shearwater " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-50 


0-33 


1-20 


— 


* 


" Cadmus " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


3-33 


— 


— 


— 


* 


"Clio" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2-33 


— 


- — 


— 


# 


" Thistle " - 


- — 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2-00 


— 


0-00 


. — 


* 


" Bramble " - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-00 


— 


100 


— 


* 


" Britomart " - 


— 
















* 


" Torch " 


— 
















'"*• 


" Psyche " 


— 


New Zealand Division - 


— ■ 


— 


3-00 


1-50 


— 


— 


* 


" Pyramus " 


— 


New Zealand Division - 


— 


— - 


2-00 


■ — - 


— 


— 


# 


" Pelorus " 


— 


Light Cruiser (East 
Indies Squadron). 


— 


— 


— 


2-75 


— 


■ — 


# 


" Dwarf " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


■ — ■ 


■ — ■ 


2-00 


3-00 


— 


# 


" Espiegle " - 


— 


Special. Service 










2-50 


— 


# 


" Sphinx " 


— 


Special Service 










0-00 


— 














3-38 


2-75 





— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



21 













ORDER 


OF 


MERIT, 






















Heavy. 


















Results obtained in Scoring Time. 






Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

firing. 


Points. 


No. of 
Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 








Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


■1 

4 


" AUDACI- 
OUS." 
" Jason " 

" Naiad " - - 

" Orion " 


1st 
1st 
1st 

1st 


140 25 
133-33 
133-33 

119-00 


10 
2 
4 

10 


13-5" B.L. V. 
4-7" Q.F. - 
4-7" Q.F. - 
13-5" B.L. V. 


39 

9 

22 

33 


1 


0-50 
2-40 


1-00 
0-50 


3-30 

4-00 
4-00 
2-80 


R. Callaghan, L.S. - 

J. E. H. Waltham, 

L.S. 
B. Morris, Lce.-Sergt., 

R.M.L.I. 
J. Jones, P.O.- 


4 

6 
6 
4 


4 
5 
5 

4 


5 
6 


" Thetis " 

" Yarmouth " - 


1st 
1st 


11111 
104-17 


3 

8 


4-7" Q.F. - 
6" B.L. XL - 


15 
36 


— 


4 75 


1-00 


3-33 

3 13 


S. Ringrose, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
G. Brown, L.S. 


6 
6 


4 
6 


7J 


" Bulwark " - 


2nd 


100-00 


1 3 


12" B.L. IX.- 
6" B.L. VII. - 


8 
64 


1-25 
2-33 


0-25 

2-75 


— . 


1-00 
3-00 


H. Nunn, P.O. 

F. Harrison, P.O. - 


4 
6 


3 
5 


1 


"Birmingham" 


1st 


100-00 


9 


6" B.L. XII.- 


45 


— 


— 


— 


3-00 


J. Rogers, L.S. 


6 


5 


9 


" St. Vincent " 


1st 


99 • 75 


10 


12" B.L. XI.- 


32 


1-70 


2-40 


— 


1-90 


R. Trevett, P.O. 


4 


4 


10 
11 


"Hampshire" 
"Mew Zealand" 


1st 
1st 


97-67 
91-87 


1 6 
8 


7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 

12" B.L. X. - 


15 
31 

22 


2-25 
1-33 


2-25 
233 


— 


2-00 
3-00 

1-75 


T. C. Carter, L.S. - 
W. H. Thwaites, 

C.P.O. 
W. Harvey, P.O. - 


5 

4 

3 


3 

4 

3 


12 


"Vulcan" 


1st 


91-66 


8 


4-7" Q.F. 


38 


— 


2-75 


— 


2-75 


J. B. Smith, P.O. - 


6 


5 


13 


"Amethyst" - 


1st 


90-41 


12 


4-7" Q.F. III. 


59 


0-83 


1-58 


— 


2-58 


C. E. Hill, A.B. 


5 


5 


14 
15.' 


"Iron Duke"- 

" Prince of 

Wales." 


1st 
1st 


87-86 
87-50 


(10 
112 

( 4 
|12 


13-5" B.L. V. 
6" B.L. VII. - 

12" B.L. IX.- 
6" B.L. VII. - 


31 
45 

14 
65 


1-50 
3- 17 


1-50 
3-09 


— 


2-70 

2-08 

2-00 
2-16 


C. Martin, P.O. 

H. Stone, Sergt., 

R.M.L.I. 
J. Borlace, P.O. 
S. Warren, P.O. 


4 
6 

3 

5 


4 
6 

3 

3 


16 


" Fearless " 


1st 


87-00 


10 


4" B.L. VII. - 


43 


— 


— 


— 


2-90 


VV. Stokes, A.B. 


6 


A 
1 


17 


"Skipjack" - 


1st 


83-33 


2 


4 7" Q.F. - 


8 


— 


1-00 


— 


2-50 


E. Pankhurst, L.S. - 


4 


3 


18 
19 


"Shannon" - 
" Devonshire " 


1st 
1st 


81-71 
8148 


J 1 

1 5 


9 2" B.L. XI. 
7-5" B.L. II. 

7-5" B.L.I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


9 
49 

17 
26 


0-75 
3 20 


0-75 
2-00 

2-50 
1-83 


— 


2 • 25 
2-40 

1-00 
3-20 


C. Quin, P.O. - 

C. G. Looker, Bomd., 

R.M.A. 
J. Connell, P.O. 
W. Wilson, L.S. 


3 
6 

5 
5 


3 
5 

2 
4 


20 
21 


"Falmouth" - 
"Vanguard" - 


2nd 
1st 


7916 

78-75 


8 
8 


6" B.L. XL - 
12" B.L. XI. 


36 

20 


2-88 


1-50 


— 


2-37 
1-50 


A. E. Seymour, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
W. Cockerill, P.O. - 


6 
3 


6 
3 


22 
23 


'■Nottingham" 
" Carnarvon " - 


1st 
2nd 


77-78 
75-00 


9 

| 4 
1 6 


6" B.L. XII. - 

7-5" B.L.I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


39 

13 

25 


1 • 75 
1-50 


1-25 
1-50 


— 


2-33 

1-50 
2-33 


W. G. F. Walters, 

A.B. 
F. T. Moffat, P.O. - 
W. J. Barnes, P.O. - 


5 

3 

4 


5 

3 
4 


24] 


"Southamp- 
ton." 

"Essex" 


2nd 

1st 


75-00 
72-92 


4 
12 


6" B.L. XL - 
6" B.L. VII. - 


17 
63 


1-67 


1 • 58 


2-88 


225 

2-08 


H. C. Murrell, Sergt., 

R.M.L.I. 
A. H. Tucker, L.S. - 


4 

5 


4 

4 


26 


"Glasgow" - 


2nd 


69-44 


) 2 

1 10 


6" B.L. XI. - 
4" B.L. VII. - 


12 
39 


4-50 

2-80 


o-oo 

80 


4-51) 
100 


3-50 

2-oo 


A.Hill, Pre.. R.M.L.I. 
A. Hussey, P.O. 


(i 
3 


4 
3 


27 


; - London " 


1st 


69-20 


I J 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


10 

57 


• 75 
3 • 09 


0-75 
2 ■ 58 


— 


0-75 
2 ' 08 


(i. Hamilton, I'.O. - 
,1. Rawcliffe, P.O. - 


3 

5 


2 

4 


28 


" Leda " - 


1st, 


66-66 


2 


4"Q.F.- 


9 


2-50 


1-50 


o-oo 


2-00 


H. R.J. Lewis, L.S. 


5 


3 


29 


" Topaz " 


1st 


6417 


12 


4" Q.F. III. - 


58 


3-33 


1-50 


— 


1-83 


.1. Green, P.O. - 


6 


5 


30 


" Blake " 


— 


59 16 


I 4 


6" Q.F. - 

4" B.L. VII. - 


18 
20 


— 


— 


1 • 50 


0-75 
3-25 


R. M. Hitchcock, L.S. 
J. Roberts, L.S. 


5 
4 


1 
4 


31 

32 

33 
84 


" Indomitable " 
" Diamond" - 

" Venerable " - 

"Woolwich" - 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 


1st 

1st 

1st 
1st 


59-06 
55 41 

53 • 33 

52 • 50 


8 
12 

( 3 

"! 12 

4 


12" B.L. X. - 

4" Q.F. III. - 

12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 

4" B.L. VIII. 


24 

44 

9 
60 

21 


2-33 

2-00 

2-50 


213 

266 

1-25 
2 • 50 


— 


1 ■ 1 2f 

1-58 

0-33 
1(17 

1 • 75 


11. W. Ward, Sergt., 

R.M.A. 
B. W. Pye. Pte. 

R.M.L.I. 
W. T. Bushel!, C.P.O. 
(i. Dennis, Lee.-Cpl., 

R.M.L.I. 

VY. Honey. L.S. 


4 

5 

3 

1 

6 


3 

4 

1 
3 

1 



C 3 



22 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 

of 
Merit. 

35 

36 

-i 

39 

40 

41 

• i 
42 < 



Ship. 



1st or 




No. of 


2nd 


Points. 


Men 


Firing. 




Firing. 



"Gossamer" - 

•• St. George " - 

"Active" 

•• Bellona " - 

"Apollo" 

"Argyll" 

"Hebe" 
•• Odin " - 
" Alert. " 



2nd 


50 ■()(.) 


2 


5th 


49 ■ 58 


4 


1st 


45-00 


10 


1st 


45-00 


6 


1st 


41-66 


4 


1st 


36 ■ 66 


1 4 
I 6 


2nd 


33-33 


2 


1st, 


17-50 


4 


1st 


17-50 


4 



Nat urc of 
Gun. 



4 7" Q.F. 

6" Q.F. - 

4" B.L. VII. 

4" B.L. VII. 

4 7" Q.F. 

7-5" B.L.I. 
6" B.L. VII. 

4-7" Q.F. 

4" Q.F. I. 

4" Q.F. I. 



Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 



Comparison with 
previous Years. 

Hits per Gun Firing. 



1911. 1912. 



1913. 



1914, 



Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 



Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 

in Ship. 



8 


2-od 


L-00 


100 


I -50 


18 


3 ■ 25 


4 -Of) 


— 


1-75 


40 


— 


2-60 


— 


1 • 50 


24 


2 50 


1-00 


— 


1 ■ 50 


21 


— 


— 


1-50 


1-25 


15 


2-25 


1-75 





0-50 


25 


3-50 


2-33 


— 


1-33 


6 


— ■ 


1-50 


— 


1-00 


16 


— 


— 


1-83 


0-50 


9 


— 


— 


1-25 


0-50 ' 

1 



J. Carroll, P.O. 

D. Leslie. A.B. 

T. W. Westcott, P.O. 

M. Fitzgerald, Sergt., 

R.M.L.I. 
W. J. Mann, A.B. - 

A. B. Duff, L.S. 

G. R. HaltoD, Pte.. 

R.M.L.I. 
J. Taylor, P.O. 

L. W. Hoad, P.O. - 

H. Dodee, L.S. 



3 

. 4 
4 
4 
6 

2 

6 



1 

2 

3 

4 



7 
8 
9 



1913 CONDITIONS. 



" DART- 
MOUTH " 
"Inflexible" - 

"Warrior" - 

" Weymouth " 

" Defence " - 

" Duke of 

Edinburgh. 1 ' 

" Vanguard" - 

" Colossus " - 
"St. Vincent" 
Totals 



1st 


129-16 


1st 


118-75 


1st 


11700 


1st 


91 ■ 66 


1st 


88-42 


1st 


61-04 


1st 


47 • 50 


1st 


28 • 50 


1st 


23-75 


— 



( 6 
1 4 

8 

lio 

I 6 
1 10 

2 

10 

2 



72 



6" B.L. XL 

12" B.L. X. 

9-2" B.L. X. 
7-5 B.L. II. 

6" B.L. XI. - 

9 2 B.L. XI. 

7-5" B.L. II. 

9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. XL 

12" B.L. XI.. 

12" B.L. XL 

12" B.L. XL 



41 


— 


2-25 


— 


3-875 


7 


— 


1-38 


1-63 


2-50 


29 


2-83 


2-67 





4-16 


17 


2-75 


3-00 


■ — 


3-50 


33 


— 


3-43 


— 


2-75 


14 


1-50 


1-50 


2-00 


2-00 


53 


2-60 


2-50 


2-80 


2-80 


23 


3-00 


1-83 


— 


1-17 


52 


2-90 


1-20 


— 


2-30 


7 


— 


1 • 50 


— 


100 


27 


I • 90 


2-30 


— 


0-60 


4 


1-70 


2-40 




0-50 


307 



P. J. O'Neill, Pte., 
R.M.L.I. 
A. White, P.O. 

W. McMillan, C.P.O. 
F. Dyer, P.O. - 



H. Hagger, A.B. 



T. D. Hallidav, 

Sergt., R.M.A. 
J. Dart, P.O. - 

W. A. Reed. P.O. - 
G. T. James. Lce.- 

Corpl., R.M.L.I. 
J. Stevens, Sergt,. 

R.M.A. 
S. Roskruge, P.O. - 

A. Wilson. P.O. 



6 
4 
6 

r 

6 

4 

6 

5 
6 

4 

4 

2 



FIRED LESS THAN 75 PER CENT. OF GUNLAYERS. 











( 1 


12" B.L. X. - 


4 




1-00 


0-75 


3-00 


W. Nash. P.O. 


4 


3 


( 


"AGAMEM- 


. — 


157-50 


- 


9-2" B.L. XL 


— 


— 


2-13 


1-75 




— 


— 


— 


i 


NON." 






1- 


9-2" B.L. XL 


— 


— 


2-00 


2-00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


( 


"DREAD- 
NOUGHT." 


— 


157-50 


2 


12" B.L. X. - 


8 


1-20 


2-30 


1-00 


3-00 


C. V. Baker, P.O. - 


4 


3 










i 1 


12" B.L. X. - 


4 


0-50 


1-00 


1 ■ 50 


3-00 


S.G.Lambert, C.P.O. 


4 


3 


3 


" Lord Nelson " 


— 


125-00 


•' 2 


9 2" B.L. XI. 


8 


2-00 


1-50 


112 


3-00 


P. Inkson, L.S. 


4 


4 










i 1 


9-2" B.L. XL 


4 


4-00 


3-00 


3 • 00 


2-00 


J. Tucker, L.S. 


4 


2 


4 


"Neptune" - 


— 


118-12 


4 


12" B.L. XL 


13 


1 • 50 


2-30 


2-00 


2-25 


W. Walford, C.P.O. - 


4 


3 


\ 


"Andromache" 





100 -oo 


1 


4-7" Q.F. - 


(i 


_ 





1-50 


3-00 


A. G. Lane, Lce.- 


6 


3 


5< i 






















Seigt,, R.M.L.I. 






{ 


" Intrepid " - 


— 


100-00 


1 


4-7" Q.F. - 


5 


— 


— 


1-50 


3-00 


T. Gladwish, A.B. - 


5 


3 


7 


" Russell " 


— 


96-25 


N 


12" B.L. IX. 
6" B.L. VII. - 


21 


2-25 
4-00 


0-75 
1-58 


— 


2-75 


W. Morev. Corpl., 
R.M.L.I/ 


6 


4 


8 


" Latona " 


— 


83-33 


2 


4-7" Q.F. - 


11 


— 


— 


1-25 


2-50 


F. Giffard, A.B. 


6 


3 










\ 2 


12" B.L. IX. 


6 


0-50 


1-00 


1-25 


1-50 


S. Marriott, Sergt,, 


3 


2 


9 


" Irresistible " 


— 


80-77 


J 














R.M.L.I. 














\ 3 


6" B.L. VII. - 


17 


3-67 


3-09 


2-00 


2-00 


G. W. Gedncy, Lce.- 
Corpl.. R.M.L.I. 


6 


5 










I 1 


9-2" B.L. X.- 


5 


3-33 


317 


— 


o-oo 


E. Horsham, Corpl., 


5 





( 


"Natal" 


— 


75-00 














R.M.A. 






10 








( 3 


7-5" B.L. 11. 


17 


5-CO 


3-75 




3-33 


G. Boynton, P.O. - 
* 


6 


5 


I 


"Cyclops" 


— 


75-00 


2 


4" B.L. VIII. 


9 


— 




3 00 


2-5(1 


A. C. Tagg, P.O. 


5 


4 



23 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 
of 

Merit. 



12 



13 



U{ 



17 

IS 

19 

20 
21 

22 



Ship. 



1st or 




No. of 


2nd 


Points. 


Men 


Firing. 




Firing. 



Nature of 
Gun. 



Rounds 
! Fired in 
1911. 



Comparison with 
previous Years. 



'• Hibernia " 

•'Antrim" 
" Bristol " 

;1 Cochrane " - 

I; Zealandia " - 

" King Edward 
VII." 

•' Blonde " 

" Common- 
wealth." 

li Iphigenia " - 

" Liverpool " - 

" Blanche " - 

"Roxburgh" - 

Totals 







1 * 


— 


7100 


n 


— 


63-88 


\i 


— 


60-00 


( 2 




60-00 


i, 


— 


60 • 00 


li 


— 


52 • 50 


i ' 

) 2 


— 


45 ■ 00 


4 


— 


35-00 


| = 


— 


33 ■ 33 


1 


— 


30-00 


1 5 


— 


o-oo 


1 


- 


o-oo 


j — 


— 


75 



12" B.L. IX. 

9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. XI. - 

7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 

6" B.L. XL - 
4" B.L. VII.- 

9-2" B.L. X. 

7:5" B.L. II. 

12" B.L. IX.- 
9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. VII. - 

12" B.L. IX.- 
9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. VII. - 

4" B.L. VII. - 

12" B.L. IX.- 
9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. VII. - 

4-7" Q.F. - 

6" B.L. XI. - 
4" B.L. VII. - 

4" B.L. VII. - 

7-5" B.L. I. - 
6" B.L. VII. - 



Hits per (run Firing. 



1911. 



1912. 



1913. 



1914. 



Name of 
Best Shot in Ship 



14 


75 


1-50 


— 





•25 


20 


2-50 


• 75 


— . 


3 00 


26 


1-90 


1-60 


— 


2-60 


8 


2-50 


I -00 





2-00 


20 


4 33 


3-17 


— 


1-50 





1-50 


3-00 


2-00 


_ 


10 


2-10 


1-70 


1-80 


2-00 


9 


2-17 


3-66 


3-00 


2-00 


10 


2-25 


3 25 


375 


2-00 





0-75 


1-75 


_ 


_ 


4 


3-50 


1 ■ 50 


— 


1-00 


14 


2-10 


3-60 


— 


2-00 


4 


1 • 50 


1-00 


, 


o-oo 


— 


3-75 


4-25 


— 


— 


9 


2-50 


2 40 


— 


2-00 


18 


2-10 


1 • 50 


2-00 


1 • 50 





1-50 


2 25 


_ 





— 


4-00 


2-75 


— 




— . 


4 


3-60 


3-30 


— 


1 


■00 


5 


— 


— 


1-00 


1 


•00 








1-00 


100 







18 


— 


2-10 


1-90 


1-00 


2 


2-80 


1-40 


1-60 


o-oo 





2-00 


1-75 








4 


117 


2-67 


— 


0-00 


337 













F. G-. Twine, Sergt,, 

R.M.A. 
W. Davidson, C.P.O. 
A. M. Morrice, P.O. - 

T. Standing, C.P.O. - 
P. Rawson, Gunner, 
R.M.A. 

W. J. Payne, Lce.- 
Corpl., R. M.L.I. 

W. Princecox, Lce.- 
Sergt., R.M.A. 

H. Collins, P.O. 



W. Holbrow, P.O. - 
S. Goodwin, P.O. - 

G. Marshall, C.P.O. - 

E. J. Ford. Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
A. A. Garwood, A.B. 



J. L. Reed, Sergt. - 
A. Lovett, A.B. 

W. Burgess, P.O. - 

W.J.Wadley,Sergt., 
R.M.L.I. 

C. Pritchard, Corpl.. 
R.M.L.I. 



Result 

obtained by 

Best, Shot 

in Ship. 



£* 



6 

4 

6 



Hits 
made. 



3 

3 




3 
4 

1 
1 

2 




D 4 



24 



BATTLESHIPS AND BATTLE CRUISERS FIRING 4" B.L. | 

AND Q.F. GUNS. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 

of 

Merit. 



Ship. 






1st or 

2nd 

Firing, 



Points. 



No. of 
Men 

Firing. 



Nature of 
Gun. 



Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 



Comparison with 
previous Years. 



Hits per Gun Firing. 



1911. 



1912. 



1913. 1914. 



Name of 
Best Shot in Sbip. 



Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 

in Ship. 



Hits 



o ;~ Imade. 

P3^ i 



1 • KING 
GEORGE V." 

2 " Orion " 

3 " Audacious " - 

4 " New Zealand " 

5 '• Indomitable " 

6 " Ajax " - 

7 J " Monarch " - 

8 " Centurion " - 

9 " Princess 

Royal " 

10 " Neptune " - 

11 " St. Vincent " 

12 "Vanguard" - 

13 " Conqueror " - 

14 " Bellerophon " 

15 "Colossus" 

16 '• Temeraire " - 
* " Hercules " - 

Totals 

" St. Vincent " 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 
"Inflexible"' - 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 
" Vanguard" - 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 
" Thunderer " - 

" Superb " 

" Collingwood " 
"Lion" - 
" Indefatigable" 
" Queen Mary " 
"Australia" - 
" Invincible " - 



2nd 

1st 

1st 

1st 

1st 

1st 

1st 

2nd 

2nd 

2nd 

1st 

1st 

2nd 

2nd 

1st 

1st 



2nd 



144-37 
135-00 
110-62 
93-75 
91-88 
82-50 
80-62 
78 • 75 
76-88 
73-13 
71-66 
54-71 
52-50 
4312 
41-25 
37-50 
90-00 



50-00 

131-25 

26-66 



16 
16 
16 

16 
16 
16 
16 
16 
16 
16 
18 
17 
16 
16 
16 
16 
1 



260 



16 



4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" Q.F. III. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 



93 

91 
85 
67 
73 
80 
82 
82 
79 
83 
96 
71 
80 
75 
79 
67 
6 



3-00 



2-75 



4" B.L. VII. 

4" Q.F. III. 

4" B.L. VII. 

4" B.L. VII. 
4' B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. ■ 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" B.L. VII. 
4" Q.F. 



1,289 



30 



89 



17 



2-94 
1-55 



1-19 
2-56 
113 
2-19 

1-55 
3-44 



213 



2-50 



0-81 
2-50 

2-88 



3-37.' 



1-81 
0-61 
1-56 

0-94 
1-63 
0-88 
2-81 

061 

3 18 

1-56 

2-31 
119 
1-89 
2-06 

1-06 



4-13 

2-87 



3-31 



•06 
•44 
•43 
•44 
•50 
•33 
•87 
•94 



2-75 



2-44 

3-50 

2-68 

1-33 

2-18 
2-06 
2 50 
2-56 
2-25 
2-00 
287 
2-00 



4-81 
4-50 
3-68 
313 
2-63 
2-75 
2-68 

2 62 
2-56 
2-43 
2-38 
1-82 
1-75 

1 • 435 
1 • 37.'. 
1-25 

3 ■ 00 

1-50 



G. J. Dowdell, P.O. - 

J. T. Vincent, Act. 

Bomdr., R.M.A. 
H. Jeans, P.O. 

G. Milne, Bomdr., 

R.M.A. 
R. Dickson, P.O. - 

G. A. Bradley, L.S. - 

E. J. Sargeant, L.S. 

S. A. Horton, A.B. - 

H. S. Bevis, A.B. 

J. F. Elbro, L.S. 

E. Screen, A.B. 

E. Langley, A.B. 

W. Lang, P.O. 

H. Fowler, P.O. 

J. Martin, L.S. 

C. Moore, A.B. . 

W. J. Grist, A.B. 



W. J. Fisher, L.S. 



3-92 H. Clark, Gunner, 
R.M.A. 



0-80 



A. Corser, C.P.O. 



6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


6 


5 


6 


5 


5 


5 


6 


5 


4 


4 


5 


5 


6 


3 


5 


3 


6 


4 


6 


3 


5 


4 


6 


3 



Fired less than 75 per cent, of gunlayers. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



TOO LATE FOR INSERTION IN THE COMPILED FORM. 



'HINDUS- 
TAN." 



'AFRICA" 



" GIBRAL- 
TAR." 

" GRAFTON " 



3rd 


96 • 50 


( 4 

\l 


1st 


62-90 


(10 


1st 


19-30 


( 2 

ho 


1st 


16-94 


a 



12" B.L. IX. 
9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. VII. 

12" B.L. IX. 
9-2" B.L. X. 
6" B.L. XI. - 

9-2" B.L. VI. 

6" Q.F.C.P.I. 

9-2" B.L. - 

6" Q.F.C.P.I. 



4 


0-75 


2-00 


033 


2-25 


8 


2-50 


2-25 


1-00 


2-0 


19 


3 30 


1-80 


2-00 


2-50 


16 


1-00 


1-00 





225 


16 


3-75 


1-75 


. — 


2 50 


38 


2-30 


1-80 


— 


1-30 


6 


— 


— 


— 


•50 


45 


— 


- 


— 


•70 


4 





. 





•50 


36 








' 


•60 



R. Evans, C.P.O. - 
A. J. Treleaven, P.O. 
J. M. Loder, L.S. - 

T. F. Brown, Bombr. 
J. Melross, C.P.O. - 

E. T. A. Miller, 

R.M.L.I. 
A. E. Down, Cpl. 

R.M.L.I. 
H. R. Bulky, Pte. • 

H. March, Lce.-Sgt. 

F. EvaDS, P.O. 



4 
6 
6 

4 
5 
5 



2 
6 



25 



RESULT OF TEST OF GUNLAYERS WITH LIGHT 

Q.F. GUNS. 



ABSTRACT, 1914. 



Order 
of 

Merit. 


Fleet or Squadron. 


No. of 
Ships. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Average 
Points. 


First Ship in the Fleet 
or Squadron. 


Points. 


1 


6th Battle Squadron - 
Mediterranean Fleet : — 


1 


24 


113-33 


"LORD NELSON" 


113-33 


2 


1st Cruiser Squadron 


1 


20 


107-66 


"Duke of Edin- 
burgh." 


107-66 


3 


4th Cruiser Squadron 


1 


8 


95-62 


" Essex " - 


95-62 


4 


4th Battle Squadron - 


2 


48 


93-85 


" Agamemnon " 


100-34 


5 


China ------ 


2 


36 


85-67 


" Minotaur " 


108-02 


6 


2nd Cruiser Squadron - 


4 


86 


80-86 


" Cochrane " 


112-15 


7 


3rd Cruiser Squadron - 


4 


80 


80-35 


"Devonshire " 


106-08 


8 


5th Battle Squadron - 


7 


96 


80-08 


" Irresistible " 


106-25 


9 


Flotilla Cruisers and Depot Ships - 


5 


33 


75-35 


" Amethyst " 


136-19 


10 


5th Cruiser Squadron - - - 


1 


20 


71-25 


" Carnavon " 


V 1 • 25 


I I 


Mine Sweeping Gunboats 


4 


16 


62-29 


" Skipjack " 


108-33 


12 


3rd Battle Squadron ... 


1 


24 


56-32 


"Hibernia" 


56-32 


13 


Special Service Vessels 


2 


8 


59 • 38 


" Alert " 


75-83 


14 


East Indies -."--„..-'- 


1 


14 


34-40 


" Swif tsure " 


34-40 


15 


Cape of Good Hope - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


16 


S.E. and West Coast of America - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


17 


Australian Fleet - - - - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


18 


New Zealand Division - 
Totals 


— 


■ — 


— 


- 






36 


513 


81-06 






Special conditions - - 


3 


51 


96-77 






— 


Fired less than 75 per cent, of her 


3 


19 


68-36 


— 


— 


- . 


guns. 
Training Squadron - 


5 


83 


62 • 42 


— 


— 

















A 28479 



I' 



26 



RESULT 



OF 



TEST OF GUNLAYERS 



WITH 



LI«HT Q.F. GUNS 



IN 



HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914 



1910. 



1911. 



1912. 



1913. 



1914. 



Number of ships that fired - - 

Number of meu ------ 

Ships that fired less than 75 per cent, of her guns 
Number of men ------ 

Ships that fired under special conditions 
Number of men - - - - 

Number of ships who did not carry out Test 
Training Squadron : — 

Number of ships that fired - 

Number of men --.__. 

Number of ships who did not carry out Test 



110 

1,577 



112 
1,492 



101 
1,314 



7 
14 



77 
947 



13 

84 
19 



36 
513 

3 
95 

3 
51 
56 

r 

o 

83 

3 



COMPARATIVE RESULTS BETWEEN 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914. 







Scoring Time. 


Gun. 


Rounds Fired. 


Percentage of Hits to Rounds Fired. 




1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1910. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 1914. 


12-pdr., 18 cwt. and 14 


-pdr. 


1,630 


1,348 


1,361 


878 


671 


60-12 


55-71 


60-17 


54-21 


59-61 


Q.F. 
























12-pdr., 12 cwt. and 8 


cwt. 


2,961 


3,178 


2,252 


1,700 


561 


41-70 


41-56 


68-78 


60-59 


55-61 


Q.F. 
























6-pdr. and 3-pdr. Q.F. 


- 


1,900 


1,749 


1,419 


600 


227 


31-68 


30-58 


63-56 


39-33 


37-00 


3-pdr. Vickers - 


- 


1,771 


1,725 


2,069 


1,490 


1,154 


42-52 


41-79 


77-82 


50-67 


49-74 


Training Squadron 


- 













427 





1 


~ 




28-10 



27 



SIXTH BATTLE SQUADRON. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




■S, Ph 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made 


1 


" LORD 


2nd 


113-33 


24 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 


131 


3-41 


3-21 


3-04 


4-00 


F. T. Whitehead, 


6 


6 




NELSON." 
Totals 
" Russell " 


Spl. 










2-10 


3-80 


3-30 


3-63 


L.S. 
R. Armstrong, A.B. - 


6 






113-33 


24 


— 


131 




* 


103-03 


11 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


54 


6 


** 


" Albemarle " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Cornwallis " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


2-30 


3-60 


4-10 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Duncan " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


3-30 


— 


3-20 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Exmouth" - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


3-70 


5-20 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Vengeance " 




— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 





Fived gunlayers in excess of complement and those who joined since last Test. 



Did not fire in 1914. 



MEDITERRANEAN. FIRST CRUISER SQUADRON. 



1 


"DUKE OF 


1st 


107 66 


20 


3-pr. Vickers 


118 


2-65 


3-61 


3-89 


3-40 


R. T. Wookey, A.B. - 


6 


5 




EDIN- 
BURGH." 

Totals 

" Warrior " - 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 

" Defence " - 


1st 
1st 










1-96 
2-25 


5-46 
4-19 


2-93 


2-83 
2-94 


H. Wyatt, Gunner, 
R.M.A. 

W. Foss, P.O. - 


6 
6 






107-66 


20 


■ — 


118 




* 


99-16 
88-13 


24 

16 


3-pr. Vickers 
12-pr. 18-cwt. 


109 
85 


6 

5 


** 


(1913 con- 
ditions.) 
" Black Prince " 





— 


— 


3-pr. Vickers 


— 


3-05 


4-00 


3-25 


— 





, 





** 


" Hussar " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


2-00 


3-50 


3-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 



Fired under 1913 conditions. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



FOURTH CRUISER SQUADRON. 



1 


"ESSEX" - 

Total 
" Berwick " 

" Lancaster " - 

" Suffolk " - 


1st 


95-63 


J 8 
! — 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


43 


2-25 
1-33 

1-38 

2-38 
1-33 

2 25 
1-00 


3-33 

2-77 


4-12 
3-37 

4-10 


3-37 

}- 

1 

\- 


A. E. Efford, P.O. - 


6 


5 




95-63 


8 


— 


43 




** 
** 
** 






J 
( 

I 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



FOURTH BATTLE SQUADRON. 



AGAMEM- 
NON." 

Dread- 
nought." 



2nd 
2nd 



Totals - 



100-34 
87-36 



93-85 



24 
24 



48 



12-pr. 18-cwt. 
12-pr. 18-cwt. 



130 
126 


1-96 

• 


4 • 58 
4-00 


2-66 
2-50 


354 
3-08 


256 



K. Horsfall, Gunner, 

R.M.A. 
E. McDermott, A.B. 



6 
6 



U 2 



2S 



CHINA SQUADRON. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



Order 
of 


Ship. 


1st or 
2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

L914. 


C 
1 

Hit 


oniparison with 
H'ovious Years. 

s ner (Inn Firmer. 


Name of. 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 

in Ship. 






Rounds 
Fired. 




M si • 


1911. 


1912. 1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


1 
2 


• MINOTAUR" 

•• Hampshire '" 

Totals 
•• Triumph " - 


3rd 

1st 


1 08 • 02 
63 • 33 


16 
20 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


91 
90 


4-3S 
1-75 

0-92 


1-50 
375 


4 • 87 
340 


3-81 
2-00 


E. Mercer, L.S. 

E. R. Bennett, A.B. 


6 

6 


6 
6 




85-67 


36 


— 


181 




** 


— 


— 


14-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 



SECOND CRUISER SQUADRON. 



1 

2 
3 
4 


"COCHRANE" 
"Natal" 
"Shannon" - 
" Achilles " - 
Totals 


2nd 
2nd 
1st 
2nd 


112-15 
89-72 
79-69 
61-89 


21 
24 
16 
22 


3-pr. Vickers 
3-pr. Vickers 
12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


135 

125 

86 

113 


2-67 
2-88 
4-56 
1-83 


5-08 
3-63 
1-69 
4-63 


3-38 

3-68 
2-04 


3 54 
2-83 
2-81 
1-96 


R. Vallance, G-nr., 

R.M.A. 
S. Bowyer, A.B. 

W. F. Browne, Gnr., 

R.M.A. 
T. Scriven, L.S. 


6 

6 
6 
6 


6 
5 
6 
4 




85-86 


86 


— 


459 





THIRD CRUISER SQUADRON. 



'1 

2 
3 

4 


- DEVON- 
SHIRE." 
" Roxburgh " - 

"Argyll" - 

" Antrim " 

Totals 


2nd 
2nd 
1st 
2nd 


106-08 
82-33 
69 66 
63 33 


20 
20 
20 
20 


3-2)1'. Vickers 
3-pr. Vickers 
3-pr. Vickers 
3-pr. Vickers 


110 

107 

89 

109 


1-84 
1-55 
2 42 


4-25 
2 '85 
375 
4-57 


2-70 
2-11 
2-05 
2 40 


3-35 

2-60 
2-20 
2-00 


W. Skeggs, L.S. 

A. H. Dmham, A.B. 

J. R. Barrett, Pte., 

R.M.L.T. 
A. Wright, L.S. 


6 
6 
6 
6 


6 
5 
5 
4 




80-35 


80 


— 


415 













FIFTH BATTLE 


SQUADRON. 










i 


" IRRESIST- 
IBLE." 


2nd 


1 06 • 25 


16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


90 


2-00 


4-00 


3-75 


3-75 


R. Tatterson. L.S. - 


6 


6 


a 


" Diamond" - 


1st 


102-91 


8 


3-pr. Q.F. 


36 


2-38 


— 


— 


237 


W. Pentecost. Pte., 


6 


5 


3 


"Bulwark" 


3rd 


102-71 


16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


88 


1-56 


3-25 


2 • 75 


3-63 


R.M.L.I. 
W. Tucker, L.S. 


6 


6 


4 


" Prince of 
Wales." 


1st 


86-77 


16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


82 


2-69 


3-63 


4-12 


306 


C. Davis, A.B. . 


6 


6 


o 


" London " - 


1st 


65 • 52 


16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


74 


225 


4-00 


375 


231 


G. Weal, A.B. - 


6 


5 


6 


" Venerable " - 


2nd 


58-44 


16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


72 


2-06 


325 


2-63 


2-07 


L. M. Hemlin, Pte., 


6 


6 


7 


■' Topaze " 

Totals 
"Implacable" 


1st 


37 92 


S 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


40 


1-25 
1/25 


4-00 
3-50 


2-88 


0-87 


R.M.L.I. 
E. C. Bailey. L.S. - 


6 


3 




80-07 


96 


— 


482 




** 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


## 


" Formidable "' 


— 


— 


— . 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


2-31 


4-00 


2-93 


— 




— 


— 


;£:£ 


■•Queen" 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


1-94 


306 


1-62 


— 




< 


— 



** Did not fire iii 1914. 



29 



FLOTILLA CRUISERS AND DEPOT SHIPS. 



Kesults obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 
2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Snip. 


Result 
obtained by- 
Best Shot. 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




«3 . 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 




Hits 
made. 


1 


-AMETHYST " 


1st 


136- 19 


7 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


36 


— 


4-13 


— 


311 


G. Gomer, L.S. 


5 


5 


2 
3 


■' St. George" - 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 

" Leander " 


5th 

4th 


88-54 
67-29 


8 

1 8 
i- 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
6-pr. Q.F. - 


47 
34 


— 


1-50 
1-33 


1-20 

o-oo 

1-00 


312 

2-40 


P. Woods, P.O. 

W. Snowden, A.B. - 


6 
5 


4 

4 


4 

5 


"Woolwich" - 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 
" Hebe " 

Totals 

11 Bonaventure " 


1st 
2nd 


66-11 
21-66 


6 

4 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


31 

•> 
16 


— 


275 
5-00 


2-87 


2-33 

0-50 


J. Ransom, Pte., 
R.M.L.I. 

F. Mancer, P.O. 


6 
6 


3 

2 




75-35 


33 


— 


164 




** 


— 


— 


;6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


** 


"Blenheim" - 




— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Blake " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


1-60 


2-60 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Dido " - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


1-87 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Hazard " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


2*- 75; 


0-75 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Vulcan " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


375 


3-37 


— 


— 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



FIFTH CRUISER SQUADRON. 



1 " CARNAR- 
VON." 

Totals 



3rd 



71-25 



71-25 



20 



20 



3-pr. Vickers- 



97 



97 



2-75 



4' 55 



1-50 



2-25 



J. Rowe, A.B. 



MINE SWEEPING GUNBOATS. 



[ 


"SKIPJACK" 


1st 


108 • 33 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


19 


— 


3-75 


— 


2-50 


H. Elliott, A.B. 


4 


4 


2 


" Jason " 


1st 


65-00 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


19 


— 


275 


1-50 


1-50 


A. E. Cro, A.B. 


5 


3 


3 


- Leda " - 


1st 


43-33 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


18 


0-75 


325 


0-75 


100 


E. H. Johnson, A.B. 


5 


1 


4 


" Gossamer " - 

Totals 
"Speedwell" - 


2nd 


32-50 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


15 


0-75 
0-50 


2-50 
1-00 


1-25 
1-50 


0-75 


F. J. Riddals, A.B. - 


5 


1 • 




62-29 


16 


— 


71 




** 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 













THIRD 


BATTLE 


SQUADRON. 








. 1 


-HIBERNIA" 

Totals 

1 King Edward 
VII." 


3rd 

3rd 


56 • 32 


J 12 
I 12 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


58 
61 


3 33 
1-91 


291 

4-08 

417 

317 


2-33 
2 • 33 

3-33 
3-30 


1-83 
1-91 

2-50 


S. W. Gregory, A.B. 
A. W. Warren, A.B. 

W. J. Warner, L.S - 


6 
6 

5 




56 • 32 


24 


— 


119 


t 


7! 


(-17 


( - 
1 4 


12-pr. U 
3-pr. Vi< 


! cwt. 
jkers 


20 



f Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



I) 3 



30 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 

of Ship. 

Merit. 



1st or 

2nd 
Firing 



Points. 



No. of 

Men 

Firing. 



Nature of 
Gun. 



Rounds 

Fired in 

19H. 



Comparison with 
previous Years. 



Hits per Gun Firing. 



1911. 



1912. 



1913. 



1914. 



t ( ommon 

w call h. 



■• ZeaJandia " 

"Africa" 
- Britannia" 
" Dominion " 
" Hindustan " 



2nd 



Spl. 



69-26 



56-66 



\ 7 
I 2 

J' 6 
(- 

f- 



I — 



12-pr. 12-cwt. 

3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 

3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 



38 


2 


•25 


325 


250 


4 


1 


■25 


4-50 


1-25 


33 


1 


•50 


4-25 


3-09 


— 


2 


25 


333 


2-58 


— 


2 
2 


75 
17 


2-08 
4-00 


216 
1-58 


— 


2 
1 


91 
91 


3-00 
4-17 


1-08 
2-00 


a 


2 
3 


42 
17 


467 
392 


316 
1-91 


— 


1 

2- 


08 
17 


3-91 
4-33 


2-00 
1 • 57 



3- 14 

o-oo 

2-00 



Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 



Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 

in Ship. 






W. J. Castleton. 

Gnr.. R.M.A. 
J. W. Pearc'e, L.S. - 

L. C. Lake, Gnr., 
R.M.A. 



Hits 
made. 



t Fired less than 75 per cent, of guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



SPECIAL SERVICE SHIPS. 



1 


"ALERT" - 


1st 


75-83 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


14 


i 


— 


2-00 


1-75 


C. W. Lock. A.B. - 


4 


2 


2 


" Odin "' - 

Totals 
" Assistance " - 


1st 


43-33 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


14 


i 




1 ■ 75 


1-00 


A. L. Line. Pte., 
R.M.L.I. 


5 


2 




59-58 


8 


— 


28 


**- 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q F. - 


— 




** 


" Bramble " - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 8-cwt. - 


— 


0-75 


— 


1-75 


— 


— 


— 


— 


*# 


" Britomart" - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 8-cwt. - 


— 


1-25 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Cadmus " - 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Clio" - 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


*# 


" Cornwall " - 


— 


— 


{= 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 





2-14 
2-67 


4-75 
3-66 


— 


— 


— 





** 


" Cumberland " 


— 


— 


l — 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


2-50 
167 


3-88 
3-33 


1-50 
33 


— 


— 


— 





** 


" Dryad " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


2-67 


2 50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Dwarf " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 8-cwt. - 


— 


— 


2-00 


0-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


*# 


" Espiegle " - 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Harrier " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


1-33 


0-66 


— 


— 




— 


** 


" Halcyon " - 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


0-50 


4-50 


2-50 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Highflyer" - 


— 




— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


1-75 


4-12 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Niger " 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— . 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


•' Sappho " 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Spanker " - 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


50 


3-00 


1-00 


— 


— 




— 


** 


" Seagull" - 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


o-oo 


3-50 


1-75 


— 


— 




— 


** 


" Thistle " 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 8-cwt, - 


— 


1-50 


— 


1-25 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Torch " 


— 


— 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


2 00 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


" Tyne " - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


3-57 


214 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 1 

1 


" Vindictive ' 5 - 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


— 


2-70 


1-75 


— 


— 


— 


— 



Did not fire in 1914. 



31 



EAST INDIES SQUADRON. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 






No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 
obtained by- 
Best Shot 


of 


Points. 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 








SO 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


— 3 


Hits 
made. 


1 


•'SWIFT- 
SURE." 

Totals 

"Fox" - 


2nd 


34 ■ 40 


14 


14-pr. Q.F. - 


49 


2-71 




1-50 
75 


1-21 


J. W. Thorne, Gnr., 
R.M.A. 


3 


3 




34 40 


14 


— 


49 




** 


- ! - 


G-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



TRAINING SQUADRON. 



1 


"THESEUS" 


1st 


09-81 


18 


6 & 3-pr. Q.F. 


88 


— 


— 


— 


1-61 


D. Gibson, L.S. 


6 


5 


2 


" Crescent " - 


1st 


66-27 


17 


6 & 3-pr. Q.F. 


80 


— 


— 


— 


1 -52 


S. T. Nash. P.O. 


6 


4 


3 
4 


" RoyalArthur " 
" Hawke " 


Train- 
ing 

Squad- 
ron 
1st 
1st 


6117 

58-81 


17 
14 


6-pr. Q.F. - 
6 & 3-pr. Q.F. 


94 

72 








1-41 
1-36 


C. Redman, A.B. 
W. J. Elkins, P.O. - 


5 

5 


3 
4 


5 


" Edgar " 

Totals 
" Endymion " 


1st 


56-07 


17 


6 & 3-pr. Q.F. 


93 








1-30 


E. Rowe, A.B. - 


6 


4 




62-42 


83 


— 


427 




** 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


** 


"Gibraltar" - 


— 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


** 


"Grafton" 


~ 


— 


— 


6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. 



" ASTR^A" - 
| "Hyacinth" - 
'• Pegasus" 



6-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


1 ■ 55 


— 


1-50 


— 


12-pr. 12-cvvt. 


— 


— 


— 


2-12 


— 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


— 


— 


3-63 


100 


'— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



S.E. AND WEST COAST OF AMERICA. 



AhGERINN" 
Shearwater " 



3-pr. Q.F. 
3-pr. Q.F. 



— 


1-00 

3 • 75 


1-33 


2 • 50 
2 25 


— 



Did not tire m 191 I. 



1) I 



32 



AUSTRALIAN FLEET. 






Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



** Did not lire in 1014. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

Hill. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name oi 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 




«5 




Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. i 1914. 

i 


Hits 
made. 


** 


"ENCOUN- 
TER." 


— 


— 


— 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


— 


2-20 


— ' 


3-25 


— 




— 


— 



NEW ZEALAND DIVISION. 



" PHILOMEL " 

" Psyche " 

" Pyramus " - 



3-pr, Q.F. 
3-pr. Q.F. 
3-pr. Q.F. 



— 


— 


313 


— 


— 


— 


— 


LOO 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


3-75 


— 



** Did not fire in 1914. 



33 



ABSTRACT OF RETURNS 



OF 



ANNUAL TEST OF GUNLAYERS 



with 



LIGHT Q.R GUNS, 



IN 



HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET, 1914; 

WITH COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF 1913 AND 1914. 



12-Pr. 18-Cwt. 





Ship. 


1st 


Station. 


Scoring Time. 


Order 

of 


Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 


or 2jkI 










Merit. 




Firing. 




Men 




Hits per Gun firing 










Firing. 


Rounds. 
























1914. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


1 


"LORD NELSON" 


2nd 


6th Battle Squadron 


24 


131 


3-41 


3-21 


3-04 


4-00 


2 


"Minotaur" - 


3rd 


China Squadron 


16 


91 


4-38 


4-50 


4-87 


3-81 


3 


" Agamemnon " 


2nd 


4th Battle Squadron 


24 


130 


— 


4-58 


2-60 


3-54 


4 


" Dreadnought " 


2nd 


4th Battle Squadron 


24 


126 


1-96 


4-00 


2 • 50 


3-08 


5 


"Shannon" - 


1st 


2nd Cruiser Squadron 


16 


86 


4-56 


1-69 


3-68 


2-81 


6 


" Hibernia " - 


3rd 


3rd Battle Squadron 


12 


58 


3-33 


2-91 


2-33 


1-83 


7 


" Swiftsure " - 


2nd 


East Indies Squadron 


14 


49 


2-71 


— 


1-50 


1-21 


— 


" Defence " 

(1913 conditions.) 


1st 


1st Cruiser Squadron 
(Mediterranean). 


16 


85 


2-25 


4-19 


2-93 


2-94 


# 


"Britannia" - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


- — ■ 


2-91 


3-00 


1-08 


— 


'/f 


" Africa " 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-75 


2-08 


2-16 


— 


■/<■ 


" Triumph " - 


— 


China Squadron 


— 


— 


0-93 








— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



12-Pr. 12 and 8 Cwt. Q.F. 



1 


" IRRESISTIBLE" 


2 


"Bulwark" - 


3 


" Essex " 


4 


"St. George" - 




(Fired from T.B.D.j 


5 


"Prince of Wales" - 


6 


"Leander" 


7 


" Woolwich" - 




(Fired from T.B.D.) 


8 


" London" 


9 


"Venerable" - 


t 


"Russell" 


t 


" ( iommon wealth " 


t 


" Zealandia " - 




A 28479 



2nd 
3rd 

1st 
5th 

1st 

nil 

1st 



1st 

2nd 

Spl. 



5th Battle Squadron 
5 lh Battle Squadron 
4th Cruiser Squadron 
Flotilla Depot 

5th Battle Squadron 
Flotilla Depot 

Flotilla Depot 

5th Battle Squadron 
5th Battle Squadron 
6th Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 

f Fired under special conditions. 



16 


90 


2-00 


16 


88 


1 • 56 


8 


13 


2 • 25 


8 


47 


— 


16 


82 


2-69 


8 


34 


— 


6 


31 


— 


16 


74 


2-25 


16 


72 


2-06 


11 


51 


2-10 


7 


38 


2 • 25 


(5 


33 


1-50 



4-00 
3 • 25 
3-33 



3-63 
1 ■ 50 



1-00 
3 • 25 
3 • SO 
3-25 
1-25 



3* 75 

2-75 

1-20 

1-12 
0-00 



.■• i ;) 
2 ■ 63 
3-30 

2 • 50 

3 • 09 



3-75 
3-63 
3-37 
3-12 

3 • 06 

2- 10 
2 • 33 

2 • 3 1 

2 • 07 
3-63 

3 • I I 
2 • 00 



E 



34 







1st 
iir 2nd 

Filing. 


Station. 
• 


Scoring Time. 


Order 


Total No. of 


Com 


parison with previous 
Years. 


of 

Merit. 


Ship. 


Men 
Firing, 


Hounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 




















1914. 




1911. 


1912. 


li)13 


1914. 


* 


" Vindictive " - 




Special Service 


_ 


- 1 - 


2-70 


1-75 




* 


" Duncan " - - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


3-30 


— 


3-20 


— 


* 


" Albemarle - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-50 


— 


— 


— . 


V 


" Exmouth " - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


3-70 


5-20 


— 


— 


# 


" Highflyer" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-75 


4-12 


— 


— 


* 


" Cornwallis" - 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-30 


3-60 


4-10 


— 


* 


" Vengeance " - . 


— 


6th Battle Squadron 














* 


" Berwick " - 


■ — - 


4th Cruiser Squadron 


— 


— 


1-38 


2-77 


4-12 


— 


# 


" Formidable " 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


2-31 


4-00 


2-93 


— 


« 


" Lancaster " - 


— 


4th Cruiser Squadron 


— 


— 


2-38 


— 


3-37 


— 


* 


" Suffolk " 


— 


4th Cruiser Squadron 


■ — ■ 


— 


2-25 


— 


4-JO 


■ — ■ 


* 


" Cumberland " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2-50 


3-88 


1 • 50 


■ — 


* 


"Dido" - 


— 


Flotilla Depot 


— 


— 


1-87 


— 


— 


■ — 


%.* 


"Encounter" - 


— ■ 


Light Cruiser (Australian 
Fleet), LI.M.A.N. 


— 


— 


2-20 


— 


3-25 


— 


* 


" Blake " 


— 


Flotilla Depot 








1-60 


2-60 


— 


# 


" Blenheim " - 


— 


Flotilla Depot 


— 


— 


— 


— ■ 


2-50 


— 


* 


" Implacable " - 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-25 


3-50 


2-88 


— 


* 


" Tyne 


— 


Flotilla Depot 


— 


— 


— 


3-57 


2-14 


— ■ 


■»P 


"Hindustan" - 


— - 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


1-08 


3-91 


2-00 


— 


# 


" Dwarf " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— r 


2-00 


0-50 


— 


-A= 


" Thistle " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-50 


— 


1-25 


— 


# 


"Britomart" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-25 


— 


— 


— 


* 


" Bramble " - 


■ — 


Special Service 


— 


— 


0-75 


— 


1-75 


— 


# 


" Dominion " - 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


■ — ■ 


— 


2-42 


4-67 


3-16 


■ — 


« 


" King Edward VIT." 


— 


3rd Battle Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


4-17 


3-33 


— 


* 


" Queen " 


— 


5th Battle Squadron 


— ■ 


— 


1-94 


3-06 


1-62 


— 


* 


"Hyacinth" - 


— 


Cape of Good Hope 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-12 


— 


* 


"Hecla" 




Flotilla Depot 








2-00 


3-00 


— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



6 AND 3-Pr. Q.F. 



1 


" AMETHYST " - 


1st 


Flotilla Cruiser 


7 


36 




4-13 




3-14 


2 


" Skipjack " - 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


4 


19 


— 


3-75 


— 


2*50 


3 


"Diamond" - 


1st 


Light Cruiser, 5th Battle 
Squadron. 


8 


36 


2-38 


— - 


— 


2-37 


4 


"Alert" - 


1st 


Special Service 


4 


14 


— 


— 


2-00 


1-75 


5 


" Jason " 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


4 


19 


— 


2-75 


1-50 


1-50 


•I 


"Leda" - 


1st 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


4 


18 


0-75 


3-25 


0-75 


1-00 


"Odin" - 


1st 


Special Service 


4 


14 


— 


— 


1-75 


1-00 


8 


" Topaze " 


1st 


Light Cruiser, 5th Battle 
Squadron. 


8 


40 


1-25 


4-00 


— 


0-87 


9 


" Gossamer " - 


2nd 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


4 


15 


0-75 


2-50 


1-25 


0-75 


10 


" Llebe " - 


2nd 


Flotilla Cruiser 


4 


16 


— 


2-75 


— 


0-50 


# 


" Berwick " - 


— 


4th Cruiser Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


* 


" Suffolk " 


- — ■ 


4th Cruiser Squadron - 


— 


— 


1-00 


— 


— 


— 


* 


" Lancaster " - 


— 


4th Cruiser Squadron - 


• — ■ 


■ — - 


1-33 


— 


— 


— 


* 


"Essex" 


— 


4th Cruiser Squadron - 


— 


■ — 


1-33 


— 


— 


— 


* 


" Speedy " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2-00 


— 


2-00 


— 


* 


" "Niger "- 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


'/? 


" Hussar " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2-00 


3-50 


3-50 


— 


%> 


" Dryad " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


2-67 


2-50 


— 


% 


"Halcyon" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


0-50 


4-50 


2-50 


— 


'"- 


" Harrier " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


1-33 


0-66 


— 


* 


"Cumberland" 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-67 


3-33 


• 33 


— 


*■ 


"Seagull" 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


0-00 


3-50 


1-75 


— 


* 


" Spanker " - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


0-50 


3-00 


1-00 


— 


* 


" Espiegle " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-50 


— 




" Torch " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


- — 


— 


— 


2-00 


— 


W 


"Clio" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


2 • 50 


— 


— 


— 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



35 







1st 




Scoring Time. 


Order 


Total No. of 


Comparison with previous 
Years. 


of 


Ship. 


or 2nd 


Station. 
















Merit. 




Firing. 




Men 
Firing, 


Rounds. 


Hits per Gun firing. 


























1914. 




1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


* 


"Cadmus" 




Special Service 






2-50 


_ 


_ 


_ 


^ 


" Algerine " - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


1-00 


— 


2-50 


— 


# 


" Shearwater " 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


3-75 


1-33 


2-25 


— 


* 


" Assistance " - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


— 




— ■ 


* 


"Cornwall" - 


— 


Special Service 


— 


— 


— 


2-67 


3-66 


— 


# 


" Pyramus " - 


— 


New Zealand Division - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


3-75 


— . 


# 


" Philomel " - 


— 


New Zealand Division - 


— 


— 


— 


3-13 


— 


— 


* 


"Psyche" 


-— 


New Zealand Division - 


— 


— 


— 


1-00 


— 


— 


# 


" Astrasa " 


— 


Cape of Good Hope 


— 


— 


1-55 


— 


1-50 


— 


* 


" Pegasus " 


— 


Cape of Good Hope 


— 


— 


— 


3-63 


1-00 


— 


# 


"Fox" - 


— 


East Indies Squadron - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


0-75 


— 


# 


" Pelorus " 


— 


East Indies Squadron - 


— 


— 


— 


4-25 


— 




* 


" Hazard " 


— 


Flotilla Cruiser 


— 


— 


— 


2-75 


0-75 




# 


" Hermione " - 


— 


_ - 


— 


— 


— 


— 


2-65 


— 


* 


" Vulcan " 


— 


Flotilla Depot 








3-75 


3-37 


— 


■JF 


"Bonaventure" 


— 


Flotilla Depot 


— 


— 


— 


5-00 


2-87 


— 


'<£ 


"Speedwell" - 


— 


Mine Sweeping Gunboat 


— 


— 


0-50 


1-00 


1-50 


" 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



TRAINING SQUADRON. 



* Did not fire in 1914. 



3-Pr. VICKERS. 



1 


" THESEUS " 


1st 


Training Squadron 


18 


88 








1-61 


2 


" Crescent " - 


1st 


Training Squadron 


17 


80 


— 


— 


— 


1-52 


3 


" Royal Arthur" 


1st 


Training Squadron 


17 


94 


— 


— 


— 


1-41 


4 


" Hawke " 


1st 


Training Squadron 


14 


72 


— 


— 


— 


1-36 


5 


" Edgar " 


1st 


Training Squadron 


17 


93 


— 


— 


— 


1-30 


* 


" Gibraltar " - 


— 


Training Squadron 


— 


— 


- — 


— 


— 


— 


# 


" Endymion " - 


— 


Training Service - 














# 


" Grafton " 


■ — ~ 


Training Squadron 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 



1 

2 



8 

10 
11 

t 
t 



"COCHRANE" - 

"Duke of Edinburgh" 

"Devonshire" 

" Natal" - 

" Roxburgh " - 

" Carnarvon " - 

" Argyll " 

" Antrim " 

" Hampshire " - 

"Achilles" - 

"Hibernia" - 

" King Edward VII." 

" Commonwealth " - 

" Warrior " 

(1913 conditions.) 
"Black Prince" 

" Zealandia " - 
" Dominion " - 
" Britannia " - 

"Hindustan " - 
" Africa " 



2nd 
1st 

2nd 
2nd 
2nd 
3rd 

1st 
2nd 

1st 
2nd 
3rd 



1st 



2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
3rd Cruiser Squadron - 
2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
5th Cruiser Squadron 
3rd Cruiser Squadron - 
3rd Cruiser Squadron 
China Squadron 
2nd Cruiser Squadron - 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
1st Cruiser Squadron 

(Mediterranean). 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 
3rd Battle Squadron 



24 


135 


2-67 


5-08 


3-38 


20 


118 


2-65 


3-61 


3-89 


20 


110 





4-25 


2-70 


24 


125 


2-88 


3-63 


— 


20 


107 


1-84 


2-85 


211 


20 


97 


2-75 


4-55 


1-50 


20 


89 


1-55 


3-75 


2-05 


20 


109 


2-42 


4-57 


2-40 


20 


90 


1-75 


3-75 


3-40 


22 


113 


1-83 


4-63 


2-04 


12 


61 


1-91 


4-08 


2-33 


4 


20 


— 


3-17 


3-30 


2 


4 


1-25 


4-50 


1-25 


24 


109 


1-96 


5-46 


— 


— 


— 


3-05 


1-00 


3-25 


, 





2-25 


3-33 


2-58 


— 


— 


3-17 


3-92 


1-91 


— 


— 


1-91 


4-17 


3-00 


— 


— 


2-17 


4-33 


I '57 


— - 


■ — 


2-17 


4-00 


1 • 58 



54 
40 

35 
83 
60 
25 
20 
00 
00 
96 
91 
50 
00 
83 



-|- Fired less than 75 per cent, of her guns. 



* Did not fire in 1914, 



A 2817') 



F 



36 



ORDER OF MERIT. 
Light Q.F. Guns. 











Results obtai 


led in Scoring Time. 




Order 


Ship. 

1 


1st or 

2nd 

firing. 


No. of 
Points. Men 
Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained bv 

Best Shot' 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 








Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
aade. 


1 


•'AMETHYST" 


1st 


136-19 


7 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


36 


— 


4-13 


— 


3-14 


G. Gomer, L.S. 


5 


5 


2 


" Lord Nelson " 


2nd 


11-3-33 


24 


12-pr. 18-cwt, 


131 


3-41 


3 21 


3-04 


4-00 


F. T. Whitehead, 
L.S. 

R. Vallance, Gnr., 

R.M.A. 
H.Elliott, A. B. 


6 


6 


3 
4 


" Cochrane" - 
"Skipjack" - 


2nd 
1st 


112 -15 

108-33 


24 
4 


3-pr. Vickers 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


135 
19 


2-67 


5-08 
3-75 


3-38 


3-54 
2-50 


6 
4 


6 
4 





"Minotaur" - 


3rd 


108-02 


16 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 


91 


4-38 


4-5U 


4-87 


3-81 


E. Mercer, L.S. 


6 


6 


6 

7 


" Duke of 

Edinburgh." 
" Irresistible "- 


1st 
2nd 


107-66 
106-25 


20 
16 


3-pr. Vickers 
12-pr. 12-cwt. 


118 
90 


2-65 
2-00 


3-61 

4-00 


3-89 
3-75 


3-40 
3-75 


R. I. Wookey, A.B. - 
R. Tatterson, L.S. - 


6 
6 


5 
6 


8 


" Devonshire" 


2nd 


106-08 


20 


3-pr. Vickers - 


110 


— 


4-25 


2-70 


335 


W. Skeggs, L.S. 


6 


6 


9 
10 


" Diamond " - 
"Bulwark" - 


' 1st 
3rd 


102-91 
102-71 


8 
16 


3-pr. Q.F. - 
12-pr. 12-cwt. 


36 

88 


2-38 
1-56 


3-25 


2-75 


2-37 
363 


W. Pentecost, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
W. Tucker, L.S. - 


6 
6 


5 

6 


11 

12 


" Agamemnon " 
"Essex" 


2nd 
1st 


100-34 
95-63 


24 

\1 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 

12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


130 
43 


2-25 
1-33 


4-58 
333 


2-66 


3-54 
3-37 


F. Horsfall, Gnr., 

R.M.A. 
A. E. Efford, P.O. - 


6 
6 


6 
5 


13 


" Natal " 


2nd 


89-72 


24 


3-pr. Vickers - 


125 


2-83 


3-63 


— 


2-83 


S. Bowyer, A.B. 


6 


6 


14 

15 


"St. George "- 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 

" Dreadnought" 


5th 
2nd 


88-54 
87 36 


8 
24 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
12-pr. 18-cwt. 


47 
126 


1-96 


4-00 


1-20 
2-50 


3-12 
3-08 


P. Woods, P.O. 

E. McDermott, A.B. 


6 
6 


4 
6 


16 
17 


" Prince of 

Wales." 
"Koxburgh" - 


1st 
2nd 


86-77 
82-33 


16 

20 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


82 
107 


2-69 
1-84 


3-63 

2-85 


4-12 
2-11 


3-06 
2-60 


C. Davis, A.B. 

A. H. Dinham, A.B. 


6 
6 


6 
5 


IS 
19 


" Shannon " - 
"Alert" 


1st 
1st 


79-69 

75-83 


16 

4 


12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


86 
14 


4-56 


1-69 


3-68 
2-00 


2-81 
1-75 


W. F. Browne, Gnr., 

R.M.A. 
C. W. Lock, A.B. - 


6 
4 


6 
2 


20 


" Carnarvon" - 


3rd 


71-25 


20 


3-pr. Vickers 


97 


2-75 


4-55 


1-50 


2-25 


J. Rowe, A.B. - 


6 


6 


21 
22 


"Argyll" 
" Leandei " 


1st 
4th 


69-66 

67-29 


20 


3-pr. Vickers 

12-pr. 12 cwt, 
6-pr. Q.F. - 


89 
34 


1-55 


3-75 

1-50 
1-33 


2-05 

o-oo 

1-00 


2-20 
2-40 


J. R. Barrett, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
W. Snowden, A.B. - 


6 
5 


5 
4 


23 
21 


"Woolwich" - 
(Fired from 
T.B.D.) 
" London " - 


1st 
1st 


66-11 
65-52 


6 
16 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
12-pr. 12-cwt. 


31 
74 


2-25 


4-00 


3-75 


2-33 
2-31 


J. Ransom, Pte., 
R.M.L.I. 

G. Weal, A.B. - 


6 
6 


3 
5 


25 


"Jason" 


1st 


65-00 


4 


3-pr. Q.F, - 


19 


— 


2-75 


1-50 


1-50 


A. E. Cro, A.B. 


5 


3 


26 J 


" Hampshire " 


1st 


63-33 


20 


3-pr. Vickers - 


90 


1-75 


3-75 


3-40 


2-00 


E. R. Bennett, A.B. - 


6 


6 


"Antrim" 


2nd 


63-33 


20 


3-pr. Vickers - 


109 


2-42 


4-57 


2-40 


2-00 


A. Wright, L.S. 


6 


4 


28 


" Achilles " - 


2nd 


61-89 


22 


3-pr. Vickers - 


113 


1-83 


4-63 


2-04 


1-96 


T. Scriven, L.S. 


6 


4 


29 
30 


" Venerable " - 
"Hibernia" - 


2nd 
3rd 


58-44 
56-32 


16 

(12 
112 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 

12-pr. 18-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers - 


72 

58 
61 


2-06 

3-33 

1-91 


3-25 

2-91 

4-08 


2-63 

2-33 
2-33 


2-07 

1-83 
1-91 


L. M. Hemlin, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
S. W. Gregory, A.B. 
A. W. Warren, A.B. 


6 

6 
6 


6 

4 
3 


H 


" Odin " - 
" Leda " - 


1st 

1st 


43-33 
43-33 


4 

4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


14 

18 


0-75 


3-25 


1-75 
0-75 


1-00 
1-00 


A. L. Line, Pte., 

R.M.L.I. 
E. H. Johnson, A.B. 


5 
5 


2 

1 


33 


"Topaze" 


1st 


37-92 


8 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


40 


1-25 


4-00 


— 


0-87 


E. C. Bailey, L.S. - 


6 


3 


34 
35 


"Swiftsure" - 
" Gossamer " - 


2nd 

2nd 


34-40 
32 • 50 


14 
4 


14-pr. Q.F. - 
3-pr. Q.F. - 


49 
15 


2-71 
0-75 


2-50 


1-50 
1-25 


1-21 
0-75 


J. W. Thome, Gnr., 

R.M.A. 
F. J. Riddals, A.B. - 


3 

5 


3 

1 


36 


"Hebe"- 


2nd 


21-66 


4 


3-pr. Q.F. - 


16 


— 


2-75 


— 


0-50 


F. Mancer, P.O. 


6 


2 



























37 



FIRED UNDER 1913 CONDITIONS. 



Results obtained in Scoring Time. 



Order 


Ship. 


1st or 

2nd 

Firing. 


Points. 


No. of 

Men 

Firing. 


Nature of 
Gun. 


Rounds 

Fired in 

1914. 


Comparison with 
previous Years. 


Name of 
Best Shot in Ship. 


Result 

obtained by 

Best Shot 


of 


Hits per Gun Firing. 


in Ship. 








Merit. 


1911. 


1912. 


1913. 


1914. 


Hits 
made. 


** 


" WARRIOR " 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 

'• Defence " - 
(1913 con- 
ditions.) 

" Russell " 


1st 
1st 
Spl. 


99-16 

88-13 

103-03 


24 
16 
11 


3-pr. Vickers 
12-pr. 18-cwt. 
12-pr. 12-cwt. 


109 
85 
54 


1-96 
2-25 
2-10 


5-46 
4-19 
3-80 


2-93 
3-30 


2-83 
2-94 
3-63 


H. Wyatt, Gnr., 
R.M.A. 

W. Foss, P.O. - 

R- Armstrong, A.B. - 


6 

6 
6 


6 
5 
6 




Totals 


- 


— 


51 


— 


248 





Gunlayers in excess of complement and men joined since last test. 



FIRED LESS THAN 75 PER CENT. OF GUNLAYERS. 



* 


" KING ED- 
WARD VII." 


3id 


79-17 


( — 

I 1 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


20 


— 


4-17 
3-17 


3-33 
3-30 


2-50 


W. J. Warner, L.S. - 


5 


2 


* 


" Common- 
wealth." 


2nd 


69-26 


i; 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


38 
■1 


2-25 
1-25 


3-25 
4-50 


2-50 
1-25 


314 

o-co 


H. J. Castleton, 

Gnr., R.M.A. 
J. W. Pearce, L.S. - 


6 
3 


5 




* 


"Zelandia" - 

Totals 


Spl. 


56-66 


i 6 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 
3-pr. Vickers 


33 


1-50 
2-25 


4-25 
3-33 


3-09 

2-58 


2-00 


L. C. Lake, Gnr., 
R.M.A. 


6 


3 




— 


19 


— 


95 





* Fired less than 75 per cent, of Gunlayers. 



TOO LATE FOR INSERTION IN THE COMPILED FORM. 



"AFRICA" - 


3rd 

1st 


56-94 


ri2 

1 12 


"HINDU- 
STAN " 


3rd 


98-53 


(13 

|12 


" GRAFTON " 


1st 


60-40 


16 


GIBRALTAR" 


1st 


58-62 


17 



12-pr. 18-cwt. 


44 


2-7 


2-08 


2-16 


•67 


3-pr. Vickers 


62 


2-17 


4-00 


1-58 


3-00 


12-pr. 12-cwt. 


73 


1-08 


3-91 


2-00 


3-76 


3-pr. Vickers 


64 


2-17 


4 33 


1-57 


3-5 


6 & 3-pr. 


68 


— 


— 


— 


2 63 


6 & 3-pr. 


77 


— 


— 


— 


3-200 



H. AllisoD, Bombr. 
A. N. Bendon, A.B. 

H. Churcher, A.B. 
F. Paine, A.B. 

E. Cosh, P.O. - 
M. Fitzharris, A.B. 



6 
6 

6 
6 

5 

4 



Nelson's Signals. The Evolution of the Signal Flags. (1908.) Price M., post free 3|d. 

Rifle and Field Exercises for H.M. Fleet. 1913. Price 6d, post free 8£d. 

Seamanship Manual. Vol. I. 1908. Reprinted, with alterations, 1911. Price Is. Qd. } 
post free Is. lOd. 

Do. Vol. II. 1909. Price 2s., post free 2s. 5d. 

Sick Berth Staff. Manual of Instructions for. (1914.) Price 2s., post free 2s. 4eZ, 

Signal Card. 1908. (Reprinted 1912.) Price 33., post free 4d. 

Signal Manual. British. Authorised for use between H.M. Ships and British Merchant 
Vessels, British Merchant Vessels and one another, and certain Signal Stations, 1912. 
(Reprinted 1915.) Price 6d., post free Id. 

Signalling between H.M. Ships and British Merchant Vessels. Report of the Com- 
mittee on. (1906.) Price 6d, post free Id. 



FLEETS (GREAT BRITAIN AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES). 

Return showing the Fleets of Great Britain, France, Russia, Germany, Italy, Austria- 
Hungary, United States of America, and Japan, on the 1st January, 1914, omitting Battleships, 
Battle Cruisers, and Cruisers over 20 years old from date of launch, and distinguishing, both 
built and building, Battleships, Battle Cruisers, Cruisers, Light Cruisers, Torpedo Vessels, 
Torpedo Boat Destroyers, Torpedo Boats, and Submarines. Also, Return to show Date of 
Launch, Date of Completion, Displacement, Horse-power, and Armaments reduced to one 
common scale. 

H.C. 113 of Session 1914. Price l\d., post free 9K 



NAVAL EXPENDITURE (PRINCIPAL NAVAL POWERS). 

Return of the Total Naval Expenditure of the United Kingdom in each of the last ten 
years showing the Interest on Naval Loans included in the Estimates, the Amount of Expendi- 
ture out of Naval Loans, if any, and the Appropriations in Aid ; the Expenditure on New 
Construction and Armament, and the Amount of New Construction expressed in tonnage in 
each of the years named, and the numbers in Personnel ; also similar information for each of 
the Principal Foreign Naval Powers. 

H.C. 410 of Session 1914. Price \\d., post free 2d. 



THE EUROPEAN WAR, 1914-15. 

Collected Diplomatic Documents relating to the Outbreak of the 

European War. 

This volume includes the British Diplomatic Correspondence and Translations of the 
French Yellow Book, the Russian Orange Book, and the Belgian Grey Book, each of which 
has already been published in separate form. It also contains Translations of the Serbian 
Blue Book, the German White Book, and the Austro-Hungarian Red Book, together with 
Telegrams and Letters published officially in the Press by the Governments of Great Britain, 
Russia, and Germany. There is also included, as an appendix to the German White Book, the 
Report of the Speech delivered by the German Imperial Chancellor before the Reichstag on 
August 4th, 1914. 

[Cd. 7860] of Session 1914-15. Price Is., post free Is. id. 



NAVY (RESCUES). 

Return showing the Number of Rescues that have been effected horn German Warei 

by H.M. Vessels, and from ELM. Vessels by Qermbu Warships, respectively. 

[Cd. 7921] of Session 1914-15. Price \d., post free id. 



NAVY (GUNNERY). 



RESULT 



OF 



TEST OF GUNLAYERS 



WITH 



HEAVY GUNS AND LIGHT Q.F. GUNS 



IN 



HIS MAJESTY'S FLEET/1914. 



^mfctttefc to bot\) %omt$ oi parliament ftp Commanfo of ?fte Jfflajestp* 




LONDON: 

PRINTED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE 

Br EYRE and SPOTTISWOODE, Ltd., East Harding Street, E.C., 

PRINTERS TO THE KING'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY. 



To be purchased, either directly or through, any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN and SONS, Ltd., 29, Breams Buildings, Fetter Lane, E.C., and 

28, Abingdon Street, S.W., and 54, St. Mary Street, Cardiff; or 

H.M. STATIONERY OFFICE (Scottish Branch), 23, Forth Street, Edinburgh ; or 

E. PONSONBY, Ltd., 116, Grafton Street, Dublin ; 

or from the Agencies in the British Colonies and Dependencies, 

the United States of America and other Foreign Countries of 

T. FISHER UNW1N, London, W.C. 

1915. 



J 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) 



&eed not be returned. 



i/ii 



H 



SUBJECT 



LOSS OP SUBMARINE » U 13 «. (') 



* 154 March 11, 1915. 

From No. Date , 191 

Replying to O. N. I. No Date , 191 



It is officially anounced as coming 
from English sources that submarine " U 13 • has been sunk 
by being rammed by the English destroyer "A R I EL *• 

Ten of the crew of 38 are reported to 
have been saved. 

It was at first reported that it was 
the * U 30 tt which waw sunk which proved to be an atrror. 




I 

i 



jUMAtA //, /f ^S m t 



DBPARTMBII2 OF 3SASS 
Wa shingt on , D . G • 



iipril 2, 1915. 



Q0flgID3HglAL « 

1'ho Secretary of State presents hie 
eoapliaents to •Hho honorable The Secretary of 
tho Havy end hav the honor t© trrnanii, here- 
with, for ttae confidential information of the 
iiavy Department, a copy of a despatch, dieted 
IfersfcJUA&t from tho Algeria an Ambaeea&er at 
Berlin, relative to the military and naval 
condition of Jerr.any. 



Snolosure as stated* 
1 63* 72/1648 



3 



copy ; 



ta 



?]mbassy of tho United States of America, 



ITo, 672 Berlin, :!arch 11th, 1915. 



(*) 



To the Honorable 

The Secretary of State, 

Washington , B« 0. 
Sir: 

1th reference lo the Department's telegram Ho. 1208 of 
February 17, 19113, and to the Embassy*^ tele grac hie reply Ho* 
1648 of February 19, 191E, regarding the military and economic 
condition of Germany, I have the honor to report farther aa 
fellows ; 

?he Ohlef of the General taff has stated to the Military 
atti oho of the Embassy that no one knows the exaot number of 
German soldiers tinder anas; that If anyone lme* it ho would 
know it and that he knows it only approximately. It can bo op- 
tima to 1 that there are four million men with the armies on the 
Various fronts and that two million more are ia the barracks and 
throughout tho territory now occupied by the Germans* It is 
stated that eighty to eighty-eight percent of the wounded return 
to duty with thier regiments. The losses or Germany and Lustrl«- 
Bnngary amounted, the firaperor informed the Military Attache, 
to about 1,500,000. r rhe German losses iv nee not able to re- 
turn to the front *re probably 450,000 to 500,000. There era 
very j any Land we hr divisions and Landwehr corps, and $Mdsturm 
battalions and regiments. The. a are also battalions of Landafcurm 
called "Arfcoitor-iir.taliions". 7ery nany of tho older sen are 
also employed ae guards on the linos of oo: munio? tion and in the 
occupied enemy* a country. 

4fl regards the commissariat, there are ample Supplies overy 
where for the troops, who are fed better, aa far aa one cun judgo, 
at the front than they are in tine of peaoe. The clothing is ox- 
oellent and ample. that is furnished by the Uovornrnent ia largely 
supplemented by gifts from the people, mess gifts are handled 



in tho same systematic Banner th* t the Government supplies for 
the Army are handled and tho troops have lacked nothing that is 
necessary. At times, for a day or two there may have been sore 
shortage for particular units but those occasions have probably 
been rare. The troops have everywhere appeared to bo in the best 
of health and there is said to be a smaller percentage of sickness 
at the front than in garrisons in time of peace. The supply of 
arms and ammunition is also ample. It must also be taken into 
consideration that large quantities of ar.ii have been captured, 
especially machine guns, and these as well ae the artillery gvnw 
have been used by the Germans. 

As regards copper, there are old mines in Germany which were 
abandoned on account of the cost of getting out tho copper, which 
mines can be re -opened. There are copper mines in Belgium and in 
the part of France occupied by the Germans. In addition, a thor- 
ough account is said to have been made of the amount of copper in 
the houses, etc., throughout Germany and it was found that there 
is a sufficient quantity of copper to last two mere yq&tv, if it 
is necessary to call on the peepl© to givo that to the Government 
as was done ft few months since 88 regards woolen articles. 

What strike* one most forcibly is the careful economy practiced 
by the German authorities in saving everything on the field of 
battle, everything belonging to the wounded, everything that can 
be useful in war. All articles, of every description, are picked 
up, sent back, sorted and then utilized. For instance, clothing 
is disinfected, washed, repaired, pressed and reissued. This is 
a wonderful saving in itself. 

So many field kitchens have been captured from tho Russians 
that almost all of the G rman troops now have them, wheroas in 
the beginning of the war tho infantry and foot artillery only had 
wheeled field kitchens. 

All old iron ia picked up and sent back. Tho most careful re- 
quisitioning has been Bade in the enemy's country occupied by the 
German trchops, Threshing machines have been *ont to the front 






and wheat and other grain threshed out by or under the direction 
of the (toman SOldiors, when quantities of it were found. 

These are merely cited as instances of the caro that is taken 
not to waste anything which may he useful in the prosecution of the 
war. 

This year's annual drafting of new men for the iirmy certainly 
would more than have replaced the looses that have been su r ferod 
"by the Jernrns md the services of the larger prox^ortion of the 
voluntas rs has not yet b ~;en accepted by the Government. 

A8 the Army represents better than anything else the people, 

special 
it is extremely interesting to nee how in every /branch there pre a 

great many experts in that branon performing ana ready to perforffl 
the work required. li-his ail tends to economy and efficiency. 
There seems to be absolutely no personal striving for personal re- 
ward. Every ma» is performing thi duty assigned to him to the 
best of his ability whereever he r.ay bo and whatever may be the 
grade that he held at the beginning of the war or now holds. 

A great deal has been learned by the Gemms during these 
hostilities and advantage has boon taken of all that experience in 
training the new as well as in Improving the old men* 

as regards the fleet, Germany has pi*e served her principal naval 
forces almo-t intact,. These ships which have boon lost hive been 
generally of older type a or scouting vessels. The Esprit de Corps 

of the naval service is of the very highest and the skill, enter- 
all 
prise and taring hnv^ been at/ tines of the best. 

The submarine service has been largely increased and has shown 
itself to be a very powerful weapon of offensive warfare against 
England. 

Ao the German battle fleet was somewhat less than half of that 
of Bngland at the beginning of the ./ar, it could harlly be expected 
that it could tngggt tho enemy against such heavy odds. At the 
same tire the fleet is well preparod and should opportunity ooour, 
will be hear dfrom. 



4 

The time has not yet come to judge of the ef feetiveness of tho 
blockade? of England. There can be little doubt, however, that it 
will seriously affect England* a commerce and probably will very 
much raise the cost of living in England, if not bringing about ac- 
tual hunger. 

The personnel of the Oerman Iifavy is believed to consist at the 
present time of about one hundred and fifty thousand men of all 
branches. 

For details of ships in commission, etc., the files of the of- 
fice of Saval Intelligence should bo consulted. 

The superior allied fleets have &sekh completely driven (jreffiman 
merchant ships from the sens and for the present the carefully built 
up and splendidly equipped Soman Merchant aervice W completely par- 
alysed. 

Enormous losses hsvo been sustained in the oonmorcial circles 
of Germany through the stoa^in^ of commerce and the confiscation or 
interning of so many ships lying in the enemy's harbors or on the 
high seas at the outbreak of the war. 

nevertheless the enterprise, wise laws, and splendid system 
under which tho German merchant fleet was built up, remain alive and 
it may confidently be expected that a few years after this war the 
Sermaa merchant fleet will again be occupying one of the leading 
position on the seas. 

I have the honor to be, .Sir, 

Your obedient, 

(signed)) Jams T'. Gerard. 






Jtfeed not he retur**e*:{ ^ 

(See-Paragraph 4. Instructions of October 31. 1900.) 

R£,C£NtfD '** 

SUBJECT _ i3£&£9£te£^^ harbor q f 

Antivari. 




From }*.. 



No. 



/..A Date JteNUOj 1915 




Replying to O. N. I. No Date 



On the 6th instant the Vienna papers published a Cologne 
despatch which stated that t according to a report of the "Tribuna" 
(Italian newspaper) , five Austrian war vessels had entered the 
port of Antivari, Montenegro, and bombarded the city and the 
harbor works. This report was commented upon as a naval victory 
but no official report was given out In the subject. 

The following statement appears in the Vienna papers off this 
date: 

"The following statement has been Issued from the .>'ar Press 
"uarters: 

"The most recent action of our fleet in front of vntivari in 
the night lst-2d March has been entirely misrepresented in several 
newspapers. These reports which were reproduced from the foreign 
press are to be confronted with the following authentic account 
of the action; 

"At 3 a.m. on the 1st instant three of our torpedoboats, accom- 
panied by three destroyers pushed their way into the harbor of 
Antivari and landed a detachment which set fire to the supplies 
that were stored in the warehouse on the stone wharf and destroyed 
them. The wooden wharf which was recently built to facilitate 
the landing of French transports was completely demolished by ex- 
plosions. The so-called yacht "Kumija", which for years has been 
used for the transportation of freight but recently for towing 
contraband laden French sailing ships into the harbor, ~nd which 
has been exempted frominjury in our previous operations, was taken 
out of the inner harbor, but as stormy weather prevented taking 
her farther, she was sunk off the entrance to the port. 

"During these operations our craft were fired upon for an hour 
by five batteries with ever increasing intensity, but they were 
not hit. The torpedo boats used machine guns to return the small- 
that was directed at them and the landing party; besides 
cargo lighters lying close by were sunk by shell 
was not bombarded at all. Hot a single shot was 
destroyers, which were in the harbor and off the 
large supply of gasolene that 
not destroyed on account of the danger 
cf unknown nationality would have been 



arm fire 
this two 
The city 

from the 
. ven the 



fire. 
fired 
entrance, 
stored on shore was 

to which two sailing vessels 

subjected. 



Tffl 



The Montenegrin stories of terror of the bombardment of the 
city, of the uuny demolished or burned residences, of the lai 
number of persons burried in the ruins or killed by shrapnels, 
especially, women, etc. are noti but cooked u Ions 
such as are now to be expected from our enemies." 




(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) 



Need not be returned. 



SUBJECT 



Confidential 



NOTES ON THE GERMAN SUBMARINE SERVICE. 



From 



Z 



No. 



153 Date March 11, 1915 • 



Replying to O. N. I. No Date 



-, 191 



,, 191 



The Captain of a German submarine which has 
been doinp active service p-ave the following points in a^os 
conversation with a newspaper uan who is reliable, 

DISGUISING of KRP.I3C0PE. 



The periscopes are painted ^rey and various 
methods for disguising and as recognition maris are used. 
One is a gull sitting over the top of the periscope which has 
a clor>e semblance to the real bird. There were a number of 
other marks but of what sort he did not say. One oGmraan&ing 
officer of a submarine had been very clever in the matter and 
had practically made all the designs. 




PERSONNEL, 

New hands at the submarine business were found to be 
almost worthless at first. Usually they slept the first three 
days continuously and would hardly wake up to eat. Prom that 
time on they gradually improved and in their second trip, if 
they had the right stuff in them, they became useful. By no 
means all officers or all men were suitable, for the service whitoh 
was very hard and in which there were many moments when instant 
intelligent obedience was necessary for safety. A wiry, resolute 
type of man with quick perception and a lot of endurance, was 
better than strength with slow brain and action. 



CARE OF CREW UNDER WATER* 



Strict silence was maintained under water and all man 
not on duty were made to lie down and i^ possible to sleep. 
Y/hen quiet, especially when asleep, the men used up less oxygen < 

The men suffered a ^ood deal from seasickness to 
which they were more subject* than in regular small ships on 
account of the closeness of the air. 

Frequently when lyinpr on tho bottom, there was 
sufficient swell to make the boat roll around a rood deal and 
under those conditions it was hard for the men to rest. 

The maximum depth he used was about 40 metres (131 feet) 

LENGTH OF CRUISE. 

His longest cruise had been Tl days. 

; ACTION. 

He had torpedoed a number of ships. When the vessel 
to be torpedoed steamed steadily on a regular course the hitting 
was easily accomplished, but if the ship chanred course frequently 



- 9 - 






and alao altered speed at 
difficult. 



intervals the matter became very 



He had frequently fired when so close that the officer 
on the bridge of the steamer could plainly be seen walking up 
and down. At such times the success or failure of the attack 
depended on the degree of promptness and intelligence of the 
personnel of the boats, both officers and crew, and especially 
of the commanding officer at the periscope. His will must be 
obeyed on the instant and the understanding of his smallest 
signs and orders must bo complete. 



fire: feiibstr. JV4 ®*. 






./3 



QTrlegraphtr ailitrrss: 

'<2Unsna, IHer'iu". 



NO. 164. 



'fftre nf IRanal «Aiiatfj£ 
(Emliassij nf ifjflimtcrt States iifjWicrira. 

trrltn. .larch IS, 1915. 



From :• 

To:- 



Naval Attache, Berlin. 
Director of tfaval Intelligence. 




.SUBJECT : - 



Salvage American steamers 
•EVELYN" and *CARIB». 



I have received teleg r - +ron the 
Gonsulsj^eneral in Sopennagen and Stockholm an follows:-* 

" Stockholm 

Kindly telegraph me exact location where American., 
steamers ^ITILTN 11 and "CARIB" were sunk and what 
depth of water 

Harris, American Consul General." 



"Copenagen. 

Tenth instructed by Department State obtain exact 
location sunken Steamers • EVELYN" and "CAR1B" so 
that I may obtain tenders from Spritzer Salvage 
Company of this city for their recovery or salvage 
of cargoes. 

Winslow". 



:iy reply in both eases wan an follows 
by telegraph:* 

"Berlin 
to Consuls General in cbpengagsn and Stockholm;*- 

Cap tain "Evelyn* states bis ship about ten miles 
E.r.r. position Borkwra lightship 
Captain "CAR IP" s tat or. his ship about ten miles 
north by west of Norrlorney Lighthouse thirteen 
fathoas water Will let you know of any further 
tatiOi bis 

li M . 




f 



hy letter. 



I also forwarded a oopy of the telegram 



I have asJced the Rai oh s-^iari no-Ait to give Die 
an exact location of th$ t^o ships but as yet have had 
no reply. 

I am of the opinion that ihvr* will be preat 
difficulty in arranging "*or salvage operations in the 
vicinity of nine fieldr. 




42>* 



■ 

■ 






■ 



f 









Translation* •? 

Need not be returned. I m j£ 

Reliable News concerning the Misuse of Neutral Flaps 

by English Merchant ships* 

1. Report of a reliable witness :- 

(a) On the 3/9/ 15 an English freight steamer was 
about 1 to 1/9 sea miles from us in the Channel, 
In the vicinity she hauled down the English *lag 
and hoisted the American flap. Before Deal 

the ship was inspected, by the same officers as us. 
The American flap wis carried to the time of 
anchoring near Nore-Light S. The next morning 
the ship ran in two ships lengths behind us up the 
Thames; then after passing the places considered 
dangerous, she again carried the English flag. 

(b) On the 6/3/15 the "CITY OP MARSEILLE" passed us. 
Her smoke stack was, like all ships of the City 
Line, formerly painted with a yellow and black-whi te 
ring. The white ring was now painted yellow, so that 
there remained a yellow smoke stack with a black ring, 
exaatly as the steamers of the s&RHWHEjrxHftx Matschapjy 
Hederland have. 



3. The English ships "ROCK^ILL" and "MERYTUIL 8 , which-passed 

Tenerif-p©, are to arrive Tuesday and Thursday ( lfi/3 and 18/ 3) 
under American flag in Rotterdam* 

3. Two English steamers of the Cunard Line,, loaded with contraband 
of every 1_ ind, especially rice, maccaroni, parts of air craft, 
preserves, automobiles, are to arrive in England, coming from 
Naples, on the 33d or 30th, unde r American flap: * 

4. The English Harwich boats are receiving for their deck parts 
and bridges the same ©range color as the Holland Batavia Line. 
Name 8 are painted over on all English ships in port. 







JHeed not be returned. 

(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) 












SUBJECT LOSS Of SMALL CRUISER 

• D R E S D 1 »"""■ '#"" 



Z 168 March 17, 1915. 
From No. Date , 191 

Replying to O. N. I. No. Date f 1Q1 

The official anounceuent of this loss appears 
in the newspapers as follows :- 



( Wolff Tel. Bureau) Official, Berlin, liar oh 16. 

The British Admiralty makes officially known 
that the English cruiser "KENT*, "GLASGOW* and 
the auxiliary cruiser "ORAMA" met the Soman 
small cruiser "DRESDEN 11 in the Pacific Ocean 
near the Island Juan Fernandez. After a short 
tight the "DRESDEN" caupht fire through the 
explosion of an ammunition apartment and sank. 
The crew is said to have been saved by the 
English cruisers. 

The Acting Chief of the Admiralty staff 

(Sir.) B e h n c k e ". 




3 
■II 



SUBJEGT rdnance » IS ru.y .owitaer, Hrltieh. 



/r>v,//; JVo 53* -^^ 19 ,tarc3. , 2£i, 

Ueplying to O.M.I. Mo. Bate ^^^^^W 1 



;eferrto to report 1:0. 34 of kS February 1915 f the 
following Additional details ere learned about the 15. £ howitzer. 

« 0: projectile - 1400 lbs. 

losive charge - LZ ) lbe. : 

vlzzIq velocity - between 1*>0O and 11)3 ft. per second 

3 weight of powd r charge cannot be ascertained, . can 

be roughly computed from Oats given above 

The gun itself is eaiu. to be composed of the following 
parts - tube, tJ ree jackets, breech ring end breech^ It can 
be erected in si* hours, aad the foundation consists of steel 
rails. 

''here ?re now four of t/ese howitzers in France, and they 
are said to be entirely satisfactory. 

The Spotting is a one by means of aeroplane equipped with 
raiio, bot) gun end aeroplane feeing supplied with Artillery 
fire charts". 1 eae charts are divided into large squares, 
which are lettered 4. , B.4 t - , etc. ese squares aro in U 

«ideJ into aixt en small squares, numbered 1, £, 8, etc., m 
these numbered squares are again divided into sixteeii snail 
squares lettered a, b, c, etc. fall of a slot eaa therefore 
be closely locate h; HiHg the t) ree desj ^ions in 
succession, tl us - :...-., 73, etc. s receiving radio is located 
in & bomb proof in roar tj the jx^ and connected L„ telepJiOJ 
to run position. 

fas accurt hioh has boen attained v.ith this iovitzer 
is said to bo marvellous, kht eifect of explosion is 
terrific. 






SUBJECT British Laval Commands. 



Seed not ** - * "-"" 



, ■ r *i 



From 



JVo. 



54. 



Replying to O.N.I. JVo. 



Date 82 .larch 



Z)a^ 



, I-97 5 



The statement in my rer>ort Ho. 37 of February 23,1915, 
in so far as relates to Rear Admiral de ^obeck relieving Hear 

Admiral Moore was an error. Captain Brock, of the ^rincess 

Royal, has "been promoted to Commodore and relieved Hear 

Admiral Moore; Hear Admiral Moore relieved Rear Admiral de 

Kobeek on the Amphitrite, off the Canary Islands, and Hear 

Admiral de Robeck became second in command of the British 

Kaval force in the "lediterranean. 




3 

;;iee of liaml Intelligence-, translation •:• . . • >A "Z- 




ch £2, 1315. Co , . . (0 

wim mi wr urn r~r - nnrr mvnifftriiw W -^ 






rsneltttioa, "Hitteilun^en des 3ee7;esens, April, 1914 • 




The King is the head o:'. ferwegiea !Iavy. alas 

cm . -.jaond e£ tbo combined land and sea forces of the 

ilom by -virtue of Section £5, of the Act of oat 19, £908* 
the Array end Fleet shall not be used for of: ve war- 
fare without the authority of the ;:arl lament ( storthing H 

nee 1809, a permanent "national Defense Coaard«sion TT hae 
been established; this oomlssiozi consists of the Chief of 
the National Defense .Department, the Command in; -aer&l, the 
Commanding Admiral, the chief of the General staff, the chief 
of the Admiralty staff, &mL various other si . r officers 
detailed thereto. is Commission acts on various Important 
questions pertaining to .lonal Defense and especially those 
concerning the concerted action of the Arsgr and of the Fleet. 
She Supreme Direction of the Savy. 
(Navy Department). 
Due to various strategical and geographical conditions, 
such as a relatively large coast line, the ::orv?e£lan llavy 
Bepsr at had to he built up on the ayetea of ^ntraiisation 
The various .naval stations therefore, ere etalai*terei to 
separately arid independently of each other. 

The Commanding Admiral unites in his person only the 
nil i tar y ratters while the question of Iniatration is 
attended to by the "Ifctlonal Defense Commies ion". 2Mb 
principle of "military - administration" separation is carried 
out to a greater and mere minute decree in the norwegien Navy 
an is usually the case in other navies. is explains how 
■ peculiar organisation o: t ;avy Desert, ent, whioh at 
first glance seer us to be too jneh"in detail" for euoh e email 



- z - 

Havy f and r,erteps seems somewhat ""top heavy", still 1ms the 
advantage of strict separation. eelal stress is laid on 
this '..ethod of Department organization on the fact that 
questions can b© approached strictly on their own merits fro;- 
a purely military point of view, independently of ©cononieal 
consideration®, v&ile tho national Befe&fti C action han- 
dies th© questions: frorn^a nor© administrative point of viev-, 
and finally the 1 i :/ Cor^dttee ■., &rlift@*nt chooses its 

own viewpoint tm& provides the means* 

schematic representation of the /.. i nation is as 
follows . 



!2he &?* 



(Eighest in Coisfaand} 

■i n ii wi i ii w i i ■. m i i iMimi 11 1 nu l l, ii|i 'n ii ^i » mnmm t »m«mmmmmfm : mum n i«i m« in w 

national Defense commission 



Admiralty Staff - Chief of the™" Hliief' of' the General sta 

Chief -an Admiral* llavy Depart- <r depart- Chief -A General 

raent* She &ent. The 

Ooozaand lag Cocmandln^ 

Admiral General . 

Of i ices. of th e I M visi on LI Mvision . 

W|^*W M il W ill ■ IX »■ WW W iM|Pjj M. 'Hlli m tli( ', *IWi |p^i» l<iilWW W ill-W W lli , lW j|W il 1 ■I n ii M lW W miiWi l 'l | H| >l>i|i| m 

(military {Civilian 

MJ ytaiit* i vision) .Division) 

(purely mi'li- iitary - Civil nis- 

tary affairs) 

.litary, lis- Administrative trative Affairs. 

c i pi ine , Regula - Af f Airs , sab - . inane es • 

tions and Ine true- Jects pertain- 

tlon subjects* in# to personnel 

and saaterial. 

ilie CoEsxuanding Admiral* 

Hie da ties and authority consist of- 

1. Ill© GomsanA of the combined -:avy and its de- 
pendent strongholds (probably riavy Yards) 

2. General Jurisdiction over the llavy. 

3. The >onior in prepari lane, etc*, for the 

readiness of the S'leet for "or, and 'ienior tmxx responsible 



- .3 - 

for the proper preparation of mma plana* 

4* Sbfl Supreme superintending of the draining end Bfttt- 
oation of the leraoaael; He receives all reports of exer- 
cises and organisation sad Issues all firectiona, Eegul&tiena 
end instructions in regard uitre^, 

5* .3 the privilege of l8p$*#$l&g all institutions 
pertaining to the i'avy* Si faraiah** the national Defense 
Coi&aiosion with all necessary infosiiation in regsrd to all 
questions of preparedness for ";ar* 

She Admiralty i^taff mA the district I .;uids ■re 
directly subordinate to the Cor&janding General* 

I. 'Hie A&xair&Ity Staff* 
SSMI ralty iitaff is charged with the p reparation arid 

issuing of all subject scatter especially assigned to it by 
the National Defense Oomrxisslon and \iy the Cozan&nding Admiral* 

a Cosaciandlng iral is the regular *ga between" in 
tVe transaction of business between the national Itefense 
Comniaaion and the Admiralty staff* 

mior Officer (in point of service) of the Adrilralty 
Staff directs the methods o:: .due ting the buaina&a of the 
Bureau Chiefs and he signs all the iraportaat papers* 
f :o t ;. ralty staff belong the fell 

1* ;rking out all i k&ry .1. lob ill nation ;.>lans and 
au&jestiona for the eiaploycsent of all Ilaval : ';ar liatori&l . 
(Mutually agreed upon v/ith the Army). -is end the &tft*fg 

must keep itself Informed w ming the present status and 
the iuturo -lans of till other friendly fluvial* and oust keep 
itself posted to date on all xaaftera of interest in tactics 
and strategy. It must work up leoeona fieaaftd from Uaval 
War iliatory, handle ull reports on tactical siQ atrat e t :ic&l 
eaceroieea, etc* etc* 



• 4 - 
Bach 4 year the Chief of the ii&niralty ataff submits to 
the pfmHpiilflfl Admiral a yearly progreia for I-'leefc and War 
Maneuvers tegatnar with an estimate of the cost of the exe*- 
cdsea for ti»t period. 

2. o drawing un of the t&ctiQal-str leal coast de- 
fence plana • 

3. Istribution and supply of cool and ot;;or war muni- 
tions in the various Norwegian harbors* 

4. '-or king out plans In TQgox& to trie distribution of 
personnel in case of laoblllssation* 

5* '.The jupcsrint ending of all minor letters to see that 
they conform absolutely to the Regulations for Liobi ligation* 
ffei Chief of the Admiralty is also charged with assuring him- 
self that the provisions of the orders in TQg&r& to vessels 
and notorial s are ex&etly obeyed and that these are always 
held ready for mobilisation* 2ho Chief of the iralty 

erefore has the right, either on his o;.n initiative or by 
order of the tfaMMLng •.'•.iral # to insrsct such Bocks, Sar- 

bors and Schools on which he is required to report or on 
Yifoich he subDits suggestions in regard to alterations. 

G. S2b* At": ity Staff watches over the preparation of 
Slaveys and charts* 

II • '.strict iJivlsions m£ District Coia^a-nds* 

• coast la divided into several Did trie 1 ie Chief 

of each serrate District is an Aduiral or cor; 2ho 

Coma it of each l-istriot . rge of the follow in* : 

1. All the harbors, war munition, store supplies, coal 
supplies, etc. in his district; 

2. oast ; 1 .tations and all material pertaining 
• re to; 

3. 1 the war imterial existing in his district; 
4* All the rosses or | trochoids; 

£>• Ullage belonging to the ilavy* strict 



- 5 - 
Coiaman&arit is respond .blc for t. ness for r.ar" of his 

District. '^.cre are * districts :- I-Krlstlaniaj 2-Kristian- 
sand; S-Bor^en, 4 Trend jhem. il'xc last B not yet bees or- 
ganised )• 

Ilaval Vases. 
he main Naval Base is Karl Johansvaem . Other Haval 
Bases are Xristianls, Marvikon mb4 Ilergen. 

Under the .Defense Commission re the follov. - 

. ■ •. : 

1. -Lnoipal Uarine Dock yard- £his is or&anissed like 
a private shipbuilding concern and is under the direction of 
a Civil Director. It has the following divisions: 

fa) Ilaehine shops. 

(b) lip construction shops. 

(c) Fitting out and tackle division. 

(d) Boo" keeping division. 

An "Under director" is in charge of each Division. 

2. Marine super in t end enoy — iliis io divided into 

(a) Management of the coobined naval Honey and Account- 
ing system®* 

(b } llaval ' t Bookkeeping division. 

(c) Mana geam ft of combined stores, such as:-...<v;asine 
stores, fuel, nrovieions, accoutrements, lfeensurv; affairs 
and the management of inventories. 

(d) Managooent of clothing factories. 

3. Haval Ordnance. To which belong 

(a) verything Pertaining to Haval ordnance both ashore 
and aboard ships ; 

(b) All ammunition. 

(c) All ordnanee supplies; 

(d) All gunnery work shops <;nd laboratories; 
Oe) 1 necessary magazines. 

4 . Mines. 



- 6 - 

(a) iorpedoea and Mime together v:ith their accessories; 

(b) Ulect.ri.cel establishments, electrical signalling 
apparatus for sea and for shore duty; 

(c) Explosives (for lorpedoes ana Mnes). 
G. Laval Construction. 

G. navigation Bureau. 

.braces aub&rt Kvannf acting;. . the gathering of in- 
struments and publishing ©ailing directions. 
7. l- : .edical Irureau: 

(a) Direction of Skips sanitation end eqf. Bit* 

(b) Sarin* Kc^yital. 

(c) . % ovxslon of Nodical Supplies. 

orsanent QoEanlaaiona (Boards) 
1* Eav&l technical Cocaaiaaion. (Cha&r&aJU- I'h© Chief of 
the Admiralty Staff | Heifers: -Chief of the 1st sea district 
and the directors of the dock, ordnance cxia mining ecus?.! salons) 

2. Dock Co&s&laslon* 

3. dnance ■ 

4 . Mining ■ 

5. Conanisaary 

6. o&ical ■ 

'Zhese Comics ions occupy, in the Norwegian i*avy t peculiarly 
ortant positions, (ino-SKueh as herein before reiaarked, ths 
technical and the seagoing i'orsonnel are so strictly separated) 
in thai! they are the so-called "go betweens" between the tvo 

oupa t and in that the m >rsonnel t which is in t: 

laajority in the Comiaalons, haa the power to BfiaiM its needs 
forcibly known to the technical . eroonnel. 

Per ao nnel < . r^anl na tion . 
2he total .orsonnel is divided Into the following 
corps :- 

!• uoa-of fleers corps. 

ilor " nllstod sea-going ;.;en) 



- 7 - 

3. Mechanics Corps. 

4. Medical w 

5. uoi^isaary ,! and Coast &i&nnl Corps. 

1. a Officers Corps:- iMs Corps is wi&qt the 
National X*efease Co&rclsaian X;epert^ent in question© of sup- 
plies and accounts, la all other natters, it is uru'iei* the 
direction of the Coisssanding Ai .!♦ 

gfci 3ea Officer© arc W ited (drasrn from) the • 
Marine ochool, rihleh has iKf divisions. Slid ./dvioion, 

whose students are called . has throe classes (winter 

and summer courses) where both theoretical and .practical 
instruction is given, .'tor graduating i'ro& this -ov/er Div- 
ision, the cadets are commissioned second lieutenants. 

In the .. er Division, the Second .lieutenants are 
taken 19 and given 8 classes and a winter course, iter 
graduation from this UyvQT Division, the officers are then 
finally oosa&iasioned snd out on pay. ■ •j&qoI is not a 

regular boarding school, the Cadets living either ashore or 
on "board ships. 

p&tt 10 to £0 are accepted each 7/cva? in the Lower 
Division. .e following conditions for etttrttt 1 r»..vail:- 
Applicant must have m&e 8 iae tor £1 iiionths aboard a 
lar .■■ .ant 1 cl, mist be a rraduato of t". few 

Schools, must ass a mental entrance examination, age not to 
exceed £0 years, must be in good health m& be ox healthy 
constitution. 

Each year the Qatwl e SWttt gay 4 l/£ b in 

suiri.er aboard ships lor awlt on sleek and v;ii; 

machinery. In regard to no cons tract ion, they art re- 

quired to know only so laueh as is required of a Captain of a 
steamship, for three weeks each year ihoy am t ;iven practical 
instruction in the handling °* Pining ::iatcriul. 



n 



~ a - 

;he instruction ashore embraces Lea, &«r ..a nn£ all 

sorts of military end nautical subjects to i er v/ith Inter- 
national SflBFg science of ooiumerce and other school subjects. 

£'he passing from the .-or/or to the ©r kivlsion occurs 
yearly, the National lief ease commission atat. the number 
of Second lieutenants to bo taken tip. 

a Instruction of the -.vision on shore lasts 

2 years, the terms being from October list to .-• 1st, tfti 
embraces 18 subjects* others the following are studied :« 

ftrenoa, :■ story # Geography, Kav&l History, -ica zxi& •..«sad vac- 
tics, Military .^.inistratlon, £#n$ 8arr«fi Chemistry end a 
study of fortifications* in addition the students take 
course in the practical Orc\ School ad in the Ifeorpe&e 

ochool end also ta;ce part in the fortifications * 1'arget 

aetice ?t . Eh«y must Ni able, to show credita of IE souths 
practical work 'before they become eligible for appointment 
officers . 

She paid officer Corps consists of the following;-. 1 ::oar 
. al, 4 Commanders, 14 Co dor i k&ia»« uZ Captains (in 
£ classes of pay} 8ft First idcuton . (in £ classes of pay). 
(IToto4 Probably oor responds to follotvl';^' in united Jtatca 
Ifavy: 

1 Admixed of the £lavy (Coci&andlnj*, Admiral) 

4 Hoar .;*&ls (la ois&rge of Dlatriots) 

14 Captains, 

2G Commanders, 

26 Liai -jit commanders, 

E6 '^leui Lt# f 

2 6 i ieut MUM ts ( J .0 . } 

Up to the grade of Captain, t ion is according 
to the number of ftex I service; al . ■ , tion by 
selection governs. 



- 9 - 
The lis to Important - >de by the 

by advice of the CfttiWilUllrifl 1 9 *nhile details to 1c 

important positions ore • hy tho . n$ Mta3ml« 

The fixed pay of the officers is comparatively nsll, 
bat I receive An extra allowance for every daty performed. 

i 

2. ..listed icon's Corps:~Xt embraces .:.ott,y Officers 
and sailors of the following specialties:- oek 9 urdnanco, 
Small arms mid. Lliisie. 2he Corps is divided into School Ce .- 
panics and pt Companies. 

ll&tnrally in the School Companies the greater number of 
subjects is taught; for example « the .s-atty Officer student a 
ere instructed in:- history, Ifative language, arithmetic, 
geography,. Knglish, ^echanic<:l drawing, bookfceepln ,, rd- 

MM, seamanship, engineering, L r atur© studies 9 military ad- 

nistration, interna t ion law Ml navigation. 

3. ehanical Corfs:- It embraces the technical 'or- 
sonnel as follows* :- 

(a) ersonnel for Engineer* a force:- *eehnieal students 9 
Machinists, : fetfttfttfl on§ mechanical oryineers; 

(a) ersonnel Tor submrine engineer lag -students and 
machinists. 

(c) itokors. 

(d) rpedo tmft mining- $i visions, radio Mil electrical 
material; Diners, nine assistants wit fining mechanics; 

(e) .rdnanco iervioez-'Vechnioal students, ordnance 

chanlcs Ml Crdnaneo siechttnica* assistants. 

— 
if) moratory Service:- Ordnance assistants, ordnance 

and Chief Ordnance mac- hints to. 

(g) kip Construction:- a»httl»*l students and ship 
'ildcrc. 

(h-) AdiJiinlstrm .ion merries. 

Also these Corps ; re divided into achool and ;>epot 
Gompanle*. 



- 10 - 

m following ^chcolei are eet&blitmed:- 

(a) G ansae for Jtndcnts in laarine sic. 

(b) ohool for ftlne -workers* 

(c) ,1 courses for oubsiarine *;f floors* 

(d) ©tty Officers school for Ueohunics Corps. 

cbhiarine oerviee. 



na»mwm nhwwmi i 



She '; orsor.vj-.iel for this .cii is now organised independ- 

ently and for itself* Shortly after the oom:aiBoio. . f the 

first suhiaarine "the hobben'* it was shown that this service 
could not he incorporated into t | .cneral ^realisation ..; l&na 
wi I groat difficulty. Sterol's re enother separate &» 

i sat ion was planned* h sod on t)i© following t'Min principles ;- 

1. A sufeiarine crew, because of the er-ooial nature of 
this service, .aust bo composed entirely of volunteers* 

2. the ore?; uxwt he selected from men who have tho 
hi v ill in the tcehnio&l handling of the complicated 
imeJilneTT OS • arias* 

3. 8 of the restricted room sn& breathing space 
In which the crews oaciet. It is necessary each i . . or 
of the crew met be capable of pe^feyniog the duties of 

-jhinist, ' Icctrlolan, £ory>efloiot find .'Jcarean* 
She ,.ersonnel is eempe$*# of :- 

1* taurine students:- Vtmt be unrsmrriod, 18 - 22 
years old. have 12 nontha cruise as stoker nn(L IS months 
service in , achlne ;*Jhop or sh3 .oiiildi t; 

end of 4 yeare fc&O obliged to accept the post ei etty 
floer in a subrisarlne mi to serve in this position lor six 
years* the instruction eoBiarlsos 1 i/S ycare of theoretical 
instruction and 8 1/4 pewe of practical work ashore end 
aboard a oubriarine. 

£* ;bioarine gunners:- Hunt be Z - 80 years old end 
have the sane instructions as tho students* At the end of 
six years they ro a pointed* 



- 11 - 

The Submarine ligtnbllshoent is maintained on the basis 
of IE submarines in comnission at all times. .ch of these 
subia&rines snould^ have a crew of 13 .cetty Officers and 10 
men • 

,rine pilots and Coast iiignal 5ervioe. 
Along the coast at {^redetermined distances are 10 paid 
lot3 and a series of coast signal stations, v/hose men con- 
stitute 3 companies* 



Need not be returned. 

(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31. 1900) 



SUBJECT Iaaw« «ad Idn»lt« of Italian yortifitdPortoj 



From % ...No. 



or ©aching and . . Anchoring . . therein _ 
in tirao of war* 



8S, 



£^ ;.i8T0-h-<£4 V r--.ii&3&«- 



Replying to O. N. I. No. ... r m*mmmm*. Date 



1. The following lc a table giving th© Haines end 
Limits of Italian Fortified Porte whoroto or. preaching is 
forbidden kf the Italic© authorities witil necescary per* 
r.lssion is granted; - 




io:-*j 



Ham© 



Coast finite 



Anchorage 



Signal 
Stations 



Altar© Vado: Corallo - 



Spozia; 



Sansobbia, 



oiva * 



MOnte Argent ario: Ombrone- 

Chiarono . 



Gaota; 



:.jad alena: 



MescinaJ 



ronto : 

3rindioit 
Vonosia: 



Torr© Capovento- 
Torro di Giono. 



Cala di Volpo m 
nnta I alcono. 



Itala - :©lr in 

Die ilia. 
Vallono dolla 

Covaia - 

Vallanidi in 

Calabria* 

Paterniscolo - 
Canal© Ostono, 



Casa l f Vbato - 
T©rre Vac it o. 

orto di corto- 
It :;:.o - orto 
QO-ono 



Spot or no - Capo Holi. 

Vado - 
Savona. 

L© van to * Balm aria. 
. onterosso - 
ortovonere- 
Spesla-Lorici- 

00c a di .j&cro- 
rina di Avonsa. 

Salomon© - Roneoncll. 
orto Santo 
tofeno m 
orto Creole. 



Gaota - Formio. 2orre Or- 
lando. 

.stuario add a- Guordia 
Ion a. .oc hia~ 

jo err 6, 



. oc ina - 
llai^o. 
Z io • 
Villa San 
Giovanni . 



Mrtf 

ouria. 
. d f a:-- 
ml. 



Toronto - Capo 3a» 

Jilar Grand© o Vito. 
r iocolo. 



Jrindioi. 



Chi a- 

Vonosia-Iia- 
gunn. 



rindioi. 

• ottomarina 
Torro pilot 
iooij .ido. 



rf 






.viaorioan ilubausy, 

Heed not be relwned. 

n 

March 25tli, ittXJj. ^ * 
TrQm'. i»%* Col. Thoinnu C. Vroud.roII, U.^,,..o. 

Subject: Ireland and dm >ar. 




The undersigned visit ad Ireland karab iY-'.i.i, oy authority 
of the or Officii* On arrival ra$}ortdd to yajor~C*©narai Ir iead, 
wOu^uiidcr-iii— ,-idoi' of *he/oroey in Ireland, ami on the lath inspected 
barracks and troopa at Publin with officers of his staff* The two 
feiiowin^ days by arrangement of General Frloiuif and with it, Goi. 

iison pjf hi: Staf/j teetered to Jurru^h, and about that pest* Brigadier 
Etenerai Cooper, Comundxna at Gturr&ghj and Captain Parker of his staff i 
took ua about Gurra<Ui to Inspect* avo#y courted u .Tared, and 

facilities for eeeing barracks* troopu, drill, etc., afforded. 
ftiiie in Irsland, the undersigned t&et a autaber of officers and civilians 
and iaotored over a considerable part oi' the country arounu Dublin. 

alio iug report ij baaed upon infor*aatiou obtained uurin thiu 
visit to Ireland, 

,\,li.jl , a, : !':-"x~iV':~. « e situation in Ireland just previous ;u ths 

outbreak of fehe war v/aa ox^roi.oiy critical, and political eon siderat ions 
at that time not uniy , raateued ths country with a civil war* but did 
i.iich to disorganize and iuiyair tins efficiency of the britieh army. 

The Liberal Party in conjunction with ths nationalist Irish 
tabere put forward during the year before thw ./.a-, ucl Of Hoi 

.iuie for Ir#lund ( tghioh were finally ou^iiiiod in the wm ule xj.i, 
ehich after ciutor opposition* became a law on • •'».,. Itti 1VX4* ie 
/vet Mill '.o\, bow ever* tjoioe into op iion until after the toriain >ien 
of the :xr. 



The Gariaana, no doubt, oouated on vurloui diaeentione in the 
Britial ttpire as a result of the war. On rebellions in incii.., < a ypt, 
and South urioa, diaio Ltj in Canad and .uytraixa; and i.ure than 
these, on civil war in Ireland, and diau r&nnigation, ,juyr .viuiuia r, ration 
and mahageiaant in the British Ana/. XI (tettaany trusted in ail, or any 
of theso, aha waa in error, >^vl ^.n^xand'a -ru at in Ireland in tins 
present eriaia has done taora than force couiri accomplish. Ireland 
on tho other hand i hue responded to thia confidence and has generally 
agreed to drop all political controversy until after tho war, and to do 
everything to help in ..he contest. 

. .-oth ;r. ledi&ond and ^ir SuVard Q arson have called upon the 
irish people to take their part and share burdens and sacrifices liapesed 
oy the waab. M evert hei ess, the support and number 0/ recruits so far 
furnished oy Ireland /or the war« has not beast up to the hopes of 

at Britain, and aoute 0/ the reaaone for this will og touched on under 
the following heading* 

. I . IN p. he population of Ireland la <t, J^( ,( U. , inoiud- 

in^ 1,581.000 in the province 01 Ulster. *hiu population ia onxv 
about half wh as in the first hall of the last century. {Hiring 

the last 6C years over 4,( ' ,01 Lho people have eauLjgrated fro,.. 

Ireiiind, and 2/a of the. r men el military ..^o. /or theuc rc.aona, 

Iroiano has ;ot been able v» i^ak© a contribution of young non to thia 
war, aucii afl ohe could have pads if social, political, eSJMtBde 

oondit Lona had anablad her population oven to remain atutionur./. fhouji 

agrlouitural country, and v&tJ si popul ttion shi d dporeaeod <vur 

einoe fchi tat factine. iraland'a contribution to &ha iu*ray has ueen el 
seaside] Die leunt, gurae off id ill .■■ senpiied up to /oo. 1 firth, 

show that there are Irishmen from Ireland with the doioru to the nunbsr 
of 99#704j and fine bo recruiting bud uiaelerated xlu ease* 

About 50,00C hud up to eb« loth, joined frou the meter and Irish 
Voiuntaor3, either aa duservxata or MtV -r, .y reerulte. (he .rial xn 
treat rlt -ve added 11 , ft to the Colere f and v/x I true 

number who have joined frei aiuuau, the '.otai of [f B new 

aerviu xi .xi urundiea of thi Mint to 290 f O< • 



Recruiting eaa for a long tine after outbreak of ar very 

bad. un :>ept. 19th, only 20 # 41l had eniifctfcd for fcae ; «W tr rales, 
or .tii of fetale population, bile figures Tor dcotiand ana inland 
to this date ohoWed 2. 79} end 8«>4l*£'. A nuuber of l&ngliah oervice 
oaitaiions were sent to Ireland lfi august and Sieptetfeer for training, 
tb© numbers recruited in Ireland being then 30 fow, inee that dato 

the recruiting ift Ireland teae considerably iupruved, though i.t is still 
fear short of $ft , . it should bo. C&tieS unci towno hav% done nrell, 
especially Dublin and Bslfrast, but all of thoiu eeulu do u great d« 
better. Retridtlhg has seen better 1h Diet er» where about 32*000 &Sn 
have enlistee!, and tho city of Belfast yhowis the bluest ?igur#S in 
Ireland - 405 out &t every iC,C('C, b* ubout 10, (XX) ttm Belfast, the 
streets of the cities are however, full oi "able -bodied yeimg cstw, not in 
khaki, as could be plainly seen in Dublin on the 17th Liarch i^t. Patriot's 
Day). '.Thole classes of ^riahtaea are still shirMSfcg tho call of ./ar, 
and indeed it H Id theft up to the present only the upper and 

professional classes?, and the Industrial workers el hieter have done 
anything like their duty. The agricultural IS&efers aire hot? casing 
forward in larger numbers, but SKiHy faraewi and their ®atsa arc soaking 
Unusually big profits out of the -a>% aad are boycotting enlisting* 
poverty of treiand, at least in parte of the country other than 
Ulster, is vi.;r; marked, and in laaay Instances, no doubt aahy able bodied 
men hesitate to enliet, fearing to bring hardship or positive ait on 
those dependent on fchew for support, should they join tho Amy. Then, 
no doubt, tho political causes have boon a considerable handicap %o 
recruiting. a. ; tonal Volunteers have enlisted, and are no ing 

trainr-d id soldiers}, but ftha ,. s jorit.> - saany of thena armed - re remaining 
in Ireland. It IS intended to hold a review in Dublin on auter Sunday 
at ■./)« I , DO of these volunteers* will ■•■, and this la looked upon 

being ; very had thing to do at the pr< , &ely to 

create trouble i t ' permitted. - of papers have i»oon uu;>peoooed 



-5. 






BlOii 









■ 



for publishing seditious articles, end leaflets have bees distributed 

having the sa&BC character or intended tu stop recruiting, while some 

arrests &ave Ween taade of persona interfering with recruiting parties* or 

making statement* t diolal to recruiting* Vho recruiting in the 

rural diatricta hay boo:: particularly bad* .ad in setae sections very 

XI numbers have bean obtained, chewing that in these something nust 

be radically vreng, and stoag influences at work to prevent eniistuent. 

i British Government alao up to the present, appears to 

have done little to stimulate recruiting in Ireland, and to have a,xio 

no great effort a to obtain nan there, fhey have not brought it heme 

to the people of Xrelund that x,here is real nmd for thCM to join the 

Irnsiee, and if necessary sacrifice their lives and interests in 

joining in :he a^ru^^io. There ia little or nothing xn the Knaiish 

papers ;;.uout Ireland, oilier than an occasional slam at the bad results 

few 
at recruiting there, shore are very /recruiting posters in Dublin, 

coopered with the nuuber in D&lish towns, and sue. 1 , aa these are, uake 

their enseal throu^i the oauao of Belgium, or the exploit of 8ergt« 

. ichael o'Leary, whs recently won the ,r .o«, virile in the towns and 

village*, hardly my recruiting pasters nay be found* it is often 

claimed that the farmers as a class are showing a disgraceful lack el 

patriotisa, out it does not appear that ouch of any effort has been 

iiiado to reach those in the country districts, and bring the needs of 

the country wad their o.vn real interests home to theu. 

During the i ait fas wealts, however, setter efforts have 

ooen caade, ana oorr«3apondin tj i/ oettor result* obtained. It io said bl 

in recruiting offices in Dublin, they are now getting t> or % time* the 

numbur <j£ youn^ wen that off orud thouaoivea a few Months a^o. CTUlting 

parties are now touring the to:/na and rural districts, witn bands or 

fife* ind druaej many recruiting speeches arc made; mere recruiting 
seeters ere eeedj end u ther means in to ueewc laors .en. 

.iio fighting qualities of the irieh in ell .mru, ir 

efficiency ee soldiers^ is well icuownj und it si «., . probuul< ;hat rt:x 
in view of ths recent Improvi i xn reoruitiu , st furnish 

considerable end valuable quota of rooruivi ; w r the w ri1 rmiee. 



miliary forces In Ireland. 

The Iris] tonaand is one of the tijhu :«ixit ury eonsands of 
the United Kingden, +n<\ included ueforw the war the troepa of two 
divisions ana a Cavalry Brigade. 

The headquarters is ui. ijubiin, and oouuand is divided into t/o 
DietrietSj the 11th aabrauing the northern* and the iiith the southern art 
of the Island. 

.he largest post is at Gurra&h, where there ore stationed 
before thenar, a Brigade of Uav«JLrv« a Brigade of infantry, 3 eenpanies 
of Stagineera, and other auxiliary troops . 

The largest military post a other than Curragh were the 

f ollO'.Viii^: mm 

.<u!..L)i. I Cavalry regioent and I Infantry Brigade. 
Belfast, 1 Infantry Brigade. 
: . ewe ridge, 2 Artillery Brigade** 
Klldare* 3 Artillery Brigades* 

'•"onaoy, I Infantry Brigade, and 1 .artillery Brigade. 
Jerk, i infantry Brigade- 
Dundark, Gahil, Kilkenny, Ballineelligj each an artillery 

Brigade. 
Londonderry. I Company, ft.G.A. 
Qtaeenetowri, J Companies,'!... ..v. and i company n^inoero. 

'fhoru is a Hejoount l>epot at Lusk Pans near Dublin* -/hi eh 

ppliea anny Irish horuos i'or army use. 

The troopB In Ireland at outbreui: of ;ar - othar than Gavalry 

£imanta - were nearly all of tfri^liah Ragittonto. 

[lines t) ;an, thnae bra ape hutfe &one to the fr«nt 

and theso ataiiens are new filled wit! aerviata, grid .roups of the 

traiee. 

Itt addition to the above, 7 ipp or ,r ' has ainoe the raT| beooi 

a training centre, tor ono of Urn imm &i visions. 

a largest training centres in iralam far the >roepo of ti,« 

Mew Armies are new -ho folio /in.;: — 

Gurragh -10th Division of let :lww amy. 
ipperary - X6tn Division of 3nd lee irasy. 
slfasi - 36 .vision of bth low .vn.y. 

a*s id prssent in ail branehos of aha ar«y . total oi 

auout 1C( , l uen La Lr aland. 



-7- 









. 



Dublin. 

'.'he ^roopa at Dublin consist 01 the 31st Brigade of the 
10th ^iv^eion , bth and 6th lloyal Inniakilling i/usiii^rs, ■nui 5th and 
6th ftoyal Irish KusllierS), a reserve Regliaent of Cavalry, and other 
never service battalions. 

teas fcroeps are quartered in the large barracks In '/uoiin 
of which Marlborough, Royal, and licksaohd Barracka &r.« near ("hoenlx 

; and the Wellington and Portoballo Barracks are to the south oi' 
the city, itocoismodatlons have been increased jrhera necessary by the 
erection of huts in or near the barrack enclosures. & part of the very 
large Phoenix -'ark, and an ana of open ground U> the south-v/ost of 
the city affords drill ground for troops; stationed there. 

At the liarlbOrough Barracka waa tJte 6th Reserve CJavalry 
jiment, which furnishes drafts for the 5th and 12th Lancers, now 
at the front. The barracks ware comparatively new, and ore couplets 
in every way aa a Cavalry barracks. They /ere arranged for the uon in 
the same wanner aa other British barracks seen - with Siaal'l sound roows 
to accoftftiodats about 16 »eh aaCh, telescopic iron bunks to ShbVS in during 
day, Clothing boxes in place of iookera, wet and dry canteens, covered 
drill 3hods with cetaent floor, gyianasiua, target galleries, riding hall, 
3tableo, Sergeants* < 9a, recreation rooiaj, etc. are 'ore about 

1,200 Laon hairs and 1,(100 horses, been erected in barracks 

enclosure to aceoiauodatu the extra won and horses. The troops and horses 
had just col'ic in froia drill and exercise, and horsefl ore being cured for. 
• ill vere Irish horses. [Hey had been received frou tha mount epot 
at .susk :';rii», and Many of thuia direct frou dealers. Horses /ore of 
v riouo t /pea, with a considerable aurober of Irish hunters, ihey are fow 
of thefe large, aluost ail of about 15 hands, ur Litis ovar. I c 
horaes generally looked hard and in vor< good seiMlitien, and it wiii) 
stated that they had received a rt at deal o'i exorcise lately. A nuafeer 
hud ring-won and Lrish-pox, but it waa at ted that these wen* boraea 



.8- 



which had been received froia dealers, ind that they could bo soon cured 
and put in condition. Wost of the ho r SOS cro in tho regular brick 
staples of tho barracks, but many of tho<a v?ere in tho newly constructed 
huts. Thsss hut3 wars of v/ood with ceiuont floors, aoh hut was built 
to accomodate 25 horsssi and with food or roo.^ at one end. 

a troopers of thin rsgiiasnt /era aruod with tho lanes* *s it 
furnishes tho drafts to maintain two Lancer regiment a. 'fhoy also carried 
the bayonet, at do now ail British cavalry regiments. . ! Has stated 
that lately they had haen Bonding drafts to tho front averaging about 
50 ;-en and horsoa per -ieek. 

g also visited the Royal and aieruaond Barracks, where service 
battalions of the Royal Irish fusiliers, and Rfiyal Dublin fusiliers were 
quartered in the barracks and huts. These barraoks were old and presented 
no particular features for oesnsfit. a wen of tho now service battalions 

seen at ;;ubiin and Ctarr&gh wars in general of goad physique, and appeared 
to be good Material for training aa soidiera. They averaged considerably 
older than the service battalion a seen in England, nany ^l which >/er 
composed for the most part of men under i'.i years. ./Otae of the companies 
and battalions were aesn in the park and near Dublin, savaged, in drills 
of various sorts, out aa tho prsviquo day had boon a holiday ifbt, i atrioKS 

./) wit}) many sntsrtainnsnta it diffsrsnt barracks, parades* etc., and 
a strong sals oT Wind waa blowing, it was rather an off day, so far aa 
drill wap concerned. 

.ear tho burraoks .Jituatod by th.0 j ark ia also u large battaoks 
of the trisb Qo.nstabulafty, which has ita Ksadquartora at Dublin* fni3 
ia an efficient a ouii-. nil it ary force of over !(,,(((: Btsn, ..ounted and foot 
troopa. fhsy are not, howsvar, a part of the amy, tad do not oo.jc undor 
the <r Uffios, out under the lssal wovonnuent - Lord LiSl nt of 

ir«ji ind. 

on .■', feha Hoop it al hip . arrived in ublin w^th 

Jd'l soldiers who had boon wounded In the battle of Jflsuva lis* Cilia 

ship left Bou^Sgns at 11 u.u., the loth, took $ti J.oura i^r ..he voy. Nj e. 

.he two eis rked at 1.30 aft<-r dinner*, nd transferred to the 

various oilltarj seapitala of tha city, ..out of thou to Dublin ouatio, 

which has oeon transformed into a iar,_,e unitary hospital* 



ourragh . 

The otiiitary peat at wurrngh la about 28 ::;iio3 fro:. jLia. 

L-j la now the Keadqu rtera of the 10th Division, and here uro all 
the fcroopa of that division, axoept the divisional Artillery at Hew- 
bridge, and one brigade at Dublin. re are also recruits of ...ore 

recently formed aervio" batt aliens, and a rouerve rogiuent ef ivalry. 

"Vha Gurrnji" ia u rolling plain of open country, without 
f«*iit;G0 or .'.ill*! about 't by 8 H&ea in extent; and forss an excellent 
terrain for drill and maneuver, especially for Uavalry. The plain is 
also used for training Irish hunters* and around it are a nuubor of 
training stables. 

The barracks and buildings of the post are all comparatively 

new, being csost of than under i(; years old, and the ;;out ia vary complete. 

They are situated on high ground affording an extended vie* of the 

country, out open to the Winds which are often high at this pxaoe. in 

general oh u* act or they aro similar t;o, but aore moeurn than the usual 

britiah oarracko. 

A^OUt -v/o mixes from tin? permanent buildings of the Curragjh 
pout are the hut camps used by aovoral of feh© Infantry service oathalions, 

and same of the uavalry. fhooa huts? are of j/uod with ruberoia roofs 

and were veli eohatrueted and dry. burragh has had aoieh rain duri. lcj 

t) o winter months, which has considerably interfered With training. 

bo huts were for 30 saen attoh, with 6 eindevfl on eaeh aide and doors at 
enaa. bunko -/ere eeoden telescopic fruiaea, about 6- in. frou the ground* 

Ltchen huta were between two ^euu huta ejad so nn acted riih than by 
.isago. 11 around '.he huta were boardwalks, whlsJi have not oeen a can 
at other hut oa»pa. asa hut aaupa lookod nore oeufortabla . lay 

it aeen. 

o huta for bavulry horeee rora larger than atoeae at Dublin) 
for bb horsaa, .vith open aidaa and galvanised iron poof a. 

ta reorulta were drilling aeoording to the 6 uontha aohoauie 
for recruit training, and ort gad at varioua drill a end oKsroiHoa, 

id at entrenehing and firing. *ha uo lea ae ag 

-10- 



wore not working for any particular tactical scheme, out were training 
at ail kinds oi entrenching /ork - different types of trenches with 
and without head cover, and loopholes, different no of concealment 
and revetment, traversing, machine gun positions, setamunleation 
trenches, etc. 

Then is an excellent range near Curragjh and herethe men 
re firing at 5CX) yard range at khaki head and shoulder figure 
target on grey and {l reen background, vdiioh looked like a very difficult 
target when sighted on for one not lifted to those targets, but at which 
some of the men >ori.) making excellent scores. The firing was in 
accordance with the LusXetry ieguiationo, Recruit's Oourse, ana t.- 
seen was at 500 yards, lying down, rifle or arm rest at first- 

class figure target. ho men are classified as "recruits" until 
they have completed the usketry course when the-.' are called "trained 
soldiers". ..any of the recr ..its were Wearing biua military overcoats 
and others civilian overcoats, out it was sain that they hud recently 
oeen supplied with the khaki overcoat but were wearing the old ones 
for rough /ork in order to keep the khaki coats in h ood condition. 
The service battalions of the 10th Division have b»eri at 
Curragh since iast August or sptember, and had completed their six 
months training, and were ready fer oho front, for which they ftxpectsd 
to start in a f< rs. *hay )iad however, just received the new 

rifle, the to- afield, ;.ork 111, and rlth their <le$» equipment. uoh 

thifl equipment )i Id recently seen received iru,:, the Lnitod States 
made bji . ooth & wo., of lew S rk, and was bein put together. Tha 
new 9i.rvj.u battel lb no ai*e equipped i rith web and soul- irith leather 

eqi t. he belt:), straps, etc*, o^ the above were leather, eith 

two a.iUiunit.Lon pouches or. belt each for 6( rounds, tin: knapsack and 
ik being of is* 

roops at iurr ■} ftoyal Lrish 

^ifle3, o/ai Irish snt, a I J angers, Leinstor i l. tent, 

tunster Lliers, end loyal ublin ueillers. .'hero . u 

two nglish battel • c. J 

the LOth eeervs ivali^ leglaent ■hioh rurnlehe dr ft fer the -<th 

-ii- 



and 8th Hgaeare* ill of T Jio ;^en looked phyeioally fit, and Keen and 
anthuaiaotie in their training! iverageti aeneiderably elder t.han 

toon in English uervico battalion*. ,70 

i.'3th, the day before our visit t>t« t"v/o rigaddfi) had 
been od in joint to&neuvere reinforced uy ouiue Cavalry and artillery, 

•/here ono of the.M had tfi defend a pu ait ion on front of nearly 3 nilee. 

other position which waa inspected rw>ar -;urr lq where u 

. rigade h id entrenched a -ositiuu on Crent oi a little leoa than ... laie. 
fhe poo it ion •;/ ;:s an excellent one for defence, about 2o( yarda in roar of 
crogt, and affording natural cover and concealment for support:;, -he 
trench- 3 were veil constructed according to noet recent teaehinga of the 
war» m 1 r -oix concealed. ,vt all training centres in ->ri:<ii Britain 
at present, it ia the endeavor to have officers* \ihv have u<.>en at the 
front 1 in order that their experience in trench .;ir i:\ru way ba utilized 
in training nf« :.mica, and there were aeverol such officers a, (*urragh. 
One of the lirigadoo was exercised in night v/ork on the night of 19th 
in eeeupying fcheoe trenches. 

Vho Divisional .Artillery i» at loworidga, an old Artillery po»t 
about 6 jaiieo froa Burrogh. it eeneieted of the I,.-.<r. ,, ... ;j un 
batteries, howitzer and heavy batteries, '.."he lo-ur. and 'i.ff^in. howitzer 
batterieg were of four guna according to the recent artillery ataoiish- 
ioaat« in place of the fonier aix gun batteries. I aeh gunwith two 

Laaons one ov which in action in ^JLaood beeida the g^O in action. Uune 
and caisson;; are aix-hurjed flexible double carriages, co tape 8 0(1 of gun 
or eaioeon and limber. Sohm of the batteries wore out drilling at 

Lng up pcoitionu, ind the heavy battery v/us seen in rout, t a re- uri the 
road, the 6(.pr. b-in. guns drawn . . 11 walk by eight heavy dr rr.es. 

It waa under at ood that the artillery «/ao um-.i short, 
of itu Brigade nnusunition colma 1 other ciatoriai. ,ct, it ia 

v.:ry evident f re« wan/ indications, and is now free!/ stated, that in 
the organisation and training of the .Lea, thi. need of .1 « 

far wi'f.,.0: ia far greater nt present for buuiltionfl o. 1 uid for offic.ru 
rather than for no re u»n. 




—x. - 



A 






< 



> 






SUBJECT 



Need not be returned. 

|s<-<- Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, I WOO.) 

A \(, 

R&CElvtfD 

SITUATION to MARC II 37th 1915. 



From JVo. 



178 



Date 



Replying to 0. JV. I. JVo Date. 



arch 17, 1919* 



2,iV& 




, 191 

, i,9i 



The naval situation reuains Inactive except 
for the work of the Submarines* it is reported that in general 
the younger officers are seeking duty on submariner; as beinr 
the best chance for active service and the making of reputations 

On the Belgian coast the batteries are now so 
strong that coast attacks have almost ceased. Two attacks by 
British ships were handled so roughly that for some time no 

further actions have taken place. 

It is rex or ted that back of the beaches there 
are heavy barbed wire entanglements and all preparations to 

concentrate against landing forces, 

Zeabrurre has been mentioned as the place at or 
o+f which submarines receive fuel and supplies. 

Activities at the 3 tnclles appear to be in 
abeyance sance the heavy loss sustained by the sinking of the 

»lRRSS*IBLB»i »B0UTCr«S 8 0nrA:T% and ■(UUL0IS». 

The opinion appears to be general that the 
attempts to open up the Dardanelles will be continued with the 
co-operating of an Army to be landed in the vicinity. 



?r r yrrnT?~;r Aiunrn. 



Tr ery heavy fiphting has occurred on the Western front 
with great los~e". The JSnglish captured Neuve GhapellSi but 
suffered a loss of ones fifth of their officers and men now in 
Prance, fhe r -ain in territory was very small. Tho correspondent 
of *:he *Chica^o Daily News** jusr back fi >m there eaya that the 
gains lade do not. • ~t the German ; '-.ion. in *< il« The 
Germane elain that 43 regi be were hurls Lnst this position 
in the various ,ckfl and that 15 i 000 dead lie be J 
lines, principally of the attaokln • ty* 

Equally heavy attacks 9n the part of the French in the 
Chaapa.^ne country did not iueh progress f but sustained heavy 
loss. What is pained in one place is lost in another and I 
believe that neither side can break through and win a decisive 
vi c'.or y. 



The Russian troops have shown u ted powers 
of resistance and the German a* re u le little advanee 

luring the h. the fortified city wiee is beinr bombarded 
and hopes are entertained of breaking through the defensive line 



- 2 - 



in this vicinity and cutting the railroad communication 
between Petro^rad and Warsaw* 

The fall of Przemysl was a blow to the Austrian 
and German cause as it relieved a lar^e body of Russian 
troops for other operations. 

The conditions in Servia due to the war and to 
the prevalence of spotted fever ( Typhus) are said to 
be appall fig®, This same disease is said to be prevalent 
in a milder form i:i the Russian amies and there is a 
^reat deal of it in the Russian Prison Camps in Germany. 



MORALE. 



The sentiment as described by reliable people 
coming *rom Paris and London as bein# confident in those 
cities is equally so in Berlin* 

There is apparently no chance of peace for a 
lon^ tims to come* The new German war loan has been 
taken up to the extent of over nine thousand millions 
Marks which will maintain the war for a lonp- time. 

The hostile feeling in Oermany as regards 
America continues due to the shipment of munitions and 
to the fa^.t that non-con traband of war to and from 
America has been cut off by the British anouncments of 
a blockade. 




^nl vwcuIm* \v\cmA VCj'ljlb' 



3 

Keed not be returned. 



Country. Tur*e y. . Bogt^.j^, Co nstantinople . 

toper* from b»s«3.8C0Bpici. -^r-i/^Vw M 

ifcte of Report... L:er eh 28,1915. -^Tl" ) 

1, .ending further instructions, I shall myself forward Intel- 

ligence Reports, as I consider necessary ana desirable. I have the boo ,j : 
■ Inst rue ti ens, Ina^tellleenee *fcities,19C4",Ee>ister Se«6# f yefpr Jin? same, 
but no other orders. If there are any further, or par tictlar, Ins true tlona, 
or orders in this connection, I request information as to sane. 

2* /mong the ef facta cf the late Meutenant-Com snder 'iVillisr 

J: 1 , Briefer, U. 3. Ifevy, of which I too "to custody,! found v eusong other thinfrs, 
carbon copier of three Intelligence Reports, ar a, arently retained for 
raoncl use, let tared, and containing information r& follows :- 

(C) /fy^^sA /£&C*~. /&£&/£** ^S^w^. (Uf*Jb<*^^ ^tU^u^^ 

lendine farther instruct ions, and information, I shall retain these, the 
I supr.ose, probably,!"' B ../jmar trout has already received the original 8. 
9Nre i3 sens, material in tfhsa that should not he intrusted to the 
13 s - at least our mails ftoea ^ifQ* 

3, Recording the recent British-French reverse at the Bvrda- 

nol~es,I have no positive infer- at ion, except that there mat undoubted!" 
was one. The British reports tfeftt havo (Sens ln,and the leeal reports 
agrwe however,' a 7011 undouhted.lv know of course, that the French ship 
"BCOTSOT^and the British shins •• OG&V and »3»a8StS$XBX>8" were sunk, 
at esterase*,! r Brlttfft ehipe were more or lese seriously In- 

jured. I ruii told sixty -few men. were s*>ved frorr fae "B; ' ! ,anc; 

iioni lror.; ftlitit ablpa !rer > , brt cannot vouch as to this. I icnow 

th>it Jafoai lierganthvp Midi ■ l*i| to the- Dardanelles about Koree 

fesbut it \. tdad with eroch oystej ltd be win gj , ■. InferiB- 

sticn*Jc tm ae I c?n learn, he has gives no one any in thie regard. Hi 
stated ^ositiveaj • - the shin; 3 sunk" were destroyed by fpeflre however, 
inc t ' by filiate* 

&. I have the fell 0*1 &f information concerning operations 

arcmd acyrw I I consider en sbaeletely reli source, '.rut 

1 ids r act t itiefif&e it night cense so replications t- 

Earel j-Cn Kridsy,&«on !$t»., ihrej* cruisers 
a, . • Oulf at l.OC j.*»,and bombs > 

the castle for about three hours, during which 
tir.2 Binety-tv pafojee tiles were fired#Replios 
fire ' 1 fc£Pt,aad batteriee#wsTe re*y few, 

te as saee straeic hone* The five ftrea 'the 
I sai fairly aeeera%e«esvera] sDete striicin 
the forts squarely* 

March 6 th. -B ombgrdH»nt started at 8 0*elo*% nnd 
3 j antil 9«lC*fhe firing vme v> evy on 

v rtu elaladntj to havs fired five 
I ota, In the sfteraoei) t?ie hor.hardrrent 
start aia nt 2.4 ♦ itld fifteen minutes, 

Anri I oh tins tw: nt.-six shots wero fired. 

?*.ar oh. 7th . -B o?* 'bardront c ieetsd frow 

: rr In t 1 : Bserring until 1 : dtjht* Tiring mm 

. sdlo%sn4 5ts el t bo •eon 

■ ia. 
FBPOh Qth.-y irlnsf tee* plAM frorr 7, if until no-n. 
'olook ia the aftornocn,uetll 5*36 the 

t tharo was firing, at intervals, on both 
sides. Jurim I t,ths Tur'^s aanlc,at the en- 

trance of the harbor, twr ef the British s, 

ad been in te mail in t - for sc 

re eths. These boats wore 'md " 

Thla ma su.- , os <-l to bo to "botM.o up," t 
channs] near t v . castle. 



! 



5. 



lage 2* 

Mar oh 9th»- The Allies* ships started firing at 
noon, and continue? thus for about half an hour, 
tfhen firing ceased* It was rep or tec" that Taricish 
Official s t in conroany v/ith the /Tericr.i?. Ccnsul,had 
gone on hoard one of the British cruisers, at the 
request of the Admiral in charge of the Fleet, 
tearch 10th.- l ip bombardment. Vail issued proclama- 
tion advising Smyrna inhabitants to leave for the 
interior, 

li arch llth* -T he "OXST OF £8X08" Fas leak at the entrance 
of the harbor, in approximately the same position 
as the "BILL3THR" and "A33ICOT?". 

In addition, from same sources - 

The ships engaged were the "SWIFTSURB" and tiro 
others of the tan class*/ 3 3 o an trade te rrained 
nur.her of torpedo "boats •Very llfctfed firing, from 
ships, was done from turret guns, most of it being 
frorj barbette £jans» After report about American 
Oonrul goin^ on board, thin* w}<3 great activity 
in looveaeats of treops,plaelag goaf on the quay, 
3eC*,<!to#The damage %ne to the forts was not vital. 
She irarfosmanshij of the fleet ^as poor* Person re- 
porting is of the opinion that there wtn be ssr- 
ious trouble ir Smyrna, if the bombardment continues. 

I expect to receive further Information concerning feayrna 



situation later. i\^w\ fro^n? ^ttuacsl 



7. 

21,1915:- 



I enclose a clipping from the local »U TURQUIS' 1 of tlarch 



\ 8MIYHNE 



ELETTRE v 

D'AMIRAL ANGLAIS 

Tanine consacre son article de tet 
imenter une lettre, — dont il publie 
ton la traduction, — adressee au vali 
i bey par un vice-amiral anglais, ar- 
ians lequel il raille vivement l'acte 
quel celui-ci a essaye de gagner a sa 
unvali incorruptible et qu'il attribue 
tarroi moral de son auteur. 
le lettr* estdat£e du 9 mars, du bord 
icht Euryalis. 

lettre contient dix passages nume>o- 
ici la substance: 



Invoi 
le vii 



nce-amiral declare avoir rdduit les 
de Smyrne au silence et demande par 
iquent la reddition sans conditions et le 
^element des fortifications du golfe, le 
Yee des mines sous-marines. -—r 



i J II.— Pour eviter une effusion de sang inu- 
: | tile, 1'amiral invite le gouverneur-general a 

accepter les conditions prec£dentes, autrement 
] il se verrait oblige de recourir a des mesures 

nrlitaires. 

Ill, — L'amiral ne doute pas que le vali 

! fst au coUrant de la situation deplorable dans 

liquelle S- E. Enver pacha et ses partisans 

ont mis le pays, trompGs par les intrigues de 

s'AI'ermgne, qui ne riOurfirait aucune amitte 

! elvers la Turquie. 

IVi — Se laissant entrsiner par ses faux 
:arrti3, la Turquie a rompu ses iieris tradition* 
Inels avtc t'Angleterre et sts alHees. 

)| V.— Le r6sultat de ceei aurait e"t6 la situa- 
tion m .lheureuse de la Turquie. Les armees 
! ru s^s m ircheraient victorieuses au Caucase* 
f L" *csi jri pour une invasion en Egypte aurait 
' 6:hou£. Constantinople scrait meai« sur le 
p mi de tomb?r entre les mains des allied 

VI— Le vice*nmiral ne doute pas que le 
va i sache que la victoire finale appariiendra 
aux n.ite qui auraient 6t6 to jjiurs des amis 
deilslam, 

VIL— Les puissances allies n'auraient aii- 
cune intention hostile cont'e le vali et se- 
raient prgtes a causer avec lui sur des offres 
avantageuaes pour Son Excellence, apr&3 
{'acceptation des susdites condition*. 



VtU.— Le vice-amiral declare dh»w 
ressources importantes pour r6par 
fait a la population innocente de* df 
du vilayet par suite des op6ratier?que 

IX — Le vice-amiral der^nd dec 
en f rancais ou en anglaf $ I" c an; 
mars, jusqu'a 10 heures du//| usisur 

X — Salutations. k inte, e 

Le Tanine declare que Sj/ 
a donne la reponse qu'il fajj J^ \ 
vite incroyable du vice-an^-^ 1 
combat point par point l'arfi» 
l'amiral. II considere l'acte dU,. x A( 
plus insolite que de pareilNs'.'.t .\ x \ c 
ne se font que dans le cafi^ho q 
est sur le point d Stre rCduit/r .p ;lI _ e 
nullement le cas. On ne a 
ce que veut l'amiral, ni pY 
cette demande. C'est du tkio.u s 
fantaisie et ca dit le desarf^ >tp a* 

Nous regrettons que le^liem; 



The I/Laflff g .referred bo,is another local sheet.published in Turkish, 
snd gap] 0830 to ec the personal or^an of Snver lap< . ^rc serjms to 
be 3cr:e reeaoa to "believe that the British Admiral at raa did ■■!■ 

efforts to gala the V/II .I-tahrni Bey, v/ith promises of HI independent 
protectorate or proline* arAanp,e^ent,or iaaithiag ll*i t v - t ; ad it I 
even said senl-clandostino pari eyinrrs, thru go betw© ns,aro still r to , - 
on#There are those v;ho say the proclamation wae a hluff,.ind that the 
Val i ♦ s o v/n f rlea4 s f ai lei to p o rvort a € s^ux *7- 



' . :' 






Page 3. 

Country. ,.....,...• OJurkey. £ort ♦ Cons tentincple . 

Be pert from U.S.S.SCORPICM. 

Date of Beport.....l'.aroh 28,1915. 

— o -c-c-o -o-o -c-c -o-o -o-c-c-o-o-c-o-o-o-c -o-c-c-o-c~c ~~-c-o-o-c-c -c-o-c- 

8. k% present everything is proceeding &a usual In Constantinople; 
there are even less ntors than usual.! have been told,however,by a persorj- 
age who should knew, that the situation is "ticklish". 1 have been advised 

to keep landing force in good shape, which is being done with drills, &c. I 
will report further developments later. 

9. Iir.IiorthruG, formerly United 94*6*4 Consul at Srebisond.T/ho has 
recently resigned, and passed thru here last «**% retarnin g to the United 
itateo f 0avo fol 'lowing information as to events, and conditions. in that 
rogicn:- 

JaWs rograds tho sinking of merchant ships 
at that i lace, in. t tho facte are as 

reported. toumto torpedo boats oatraa in *p- 
parontly to investigate the ships, principally 
the /rchipelago-t'^rican steamship "t&SHP % 
and the Turkish forts firo 2 on th<an. The I^usoian 
boats returned tho fire; and tho mor chant vessels. 
fefttot n the two £tes,wero struck by shots from 
both source8,and all sunk* £'r. rferthrqp was an 
eye- ! 89itnos3 of this *tmninimil)« 

(by- The health conditions In. the region of 
(Troblsond and Sseroun are tor^ihle.^hua fovar 
i« frovalent ofrorytfNro f and groat number' are 
dying with it f natives as well ** seniors. Share 
are larre etc roe of Gorman Hod Gross material In 
one of tho pcrts t but it la put to other uses, or 
lying idle. There are few trained doctors, or first 
aid raen.loft to direct its use. It is said thirty 
doctors have died themselves. 

(o)-Tho Prussians can probably take &:oroun,and the 
vicinity, any time they wiah,but are lotting the 
typbus,and other disease, do t'oir w^rk firts. They 
do not wish to ontor the ] ostilontlal region at 
resent. 

(di -desultory mas -acres and othor otttra-Qs f prineij. -ally 
by : ?urds f continue in the re#cn of Curmiah. 

1C. Thin morning {r.arch §§)§* Russian gunboat a r- cored of'' the 

entrance of the Boephorus.and fired five or aix shota f tt the forta 

replied, after which It retired. 

11. She Cruiser "0T&S&J SSLXH (ex-"GC J3.UJ),wMch has bean under- 
going repairs at itenia,is reported to have completed same, and gone out 
into the straam, (3osphorus).?hG 9 tenia dook has been taken over by Govern- 
ment authorities, and is olosely goardod.lt ia reports Ger-an aouroo, 
thnt the BUL1 . f now only nako elf^.toen knota,instoad of twenty-olght. 

12. 2?ho Janiah stja-ahlp "IIXIY VJU9I8H!" of Copenha<-an,whioh it 
lying here,haa painted the .vanish flag on bow and atern,both aidoa,about 
eight foot high and five fost wife*** tho Italian Government rocmtly crda?- 
od lta merchant vessols to do, on . of t > o oubr'arino campaign. IJkeae 
p*lnt*4 flare on aldea of tho ?• are very conspicuous, and can 

bo plainly se*n at a distanoo of ono»nnd one-halfvilo. ?hia Novice rirht 
certainly - >e t v c difficulties of the inoa.I ahould V ' , in 

**t*bli thing national it ,and Mrht ba ftf uso to neutral voa^ola. 






3 

American Embassy, London. 

SO ;areh 1915 

2feed not be return**!,. 



a 



From: "aval Constructor t»*B. 1'eBride, U. 3.H. 
To: Kaval Attache 



3nb f ieet: Relief of Yice-Admiral Garden in 
command of Jeleet at Dardanelles. 



1. I have recently had a conversation *ith a gentleman 
who is a persons! friend of and has seen Vice Admiral Garden 
in London since the latter' s return from command of the 
operations at the Dardanelles. 

£. Vice Admired Garden stated that he was in perfect 
health despite the Admiralty ammouneement that he was 
"incapacitated by illness', and that the rumour, prevalent 
in London, that he had been wounded, was also u .true. He 
stated that the reason for his relief was as follows - 

After lie had sent the Amethyst through the narrows 
on March 13th and that vessel had returned with only 
minor injuries due to gunfire, the Admiralty desired hi 
to take his fleet through; in his judgment such ft course 
was not justified 8S he considered the risks greater than 
the chances of success; he was then given the option of 
carrying out the Admiralty's desires or of being relieved 
of his command; he chose the latter alternative, and was 
accordingly succeeded by near a .ami re I de ttobecK on 
March 16. The action of *:arch 18 in which the Irresistible, 
Ocean and Bouvet were lost was an * tempt to carry out 
the Admiralty's desire thr t the iloet force tie narrows 
at once. 

3. Vice dmiral Garden considers tl at the result of the 
attempt on the I8th vindicates his judgment, and stated that 
he was urging his case at the Admiralty on those grounds, and 
claimed the right o; reinstatement is his command 

21 1015 




^ . 



0) 



5V 






' 












1 

i 






_-CuV 



>-^PWVu5V^L»<>^«M 






(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of Oetober 31, IJ100.] 

Xfeed not be returned* 

SUBJECT CAPTURE Of HOSPITALSHIP 

TfTHITTi* . "' i^) 

Z 181 March SO, 1915. 
From- ...No _ Date f 291 



Replying to 0. JV. I. No Date ,Z=iJz^±. ~_« 




l 19 



Reference:- Z-337 of November 3, 1914, 

Z-357 Of %&VmbQT 10, 1915. 

The folloxvinp is a translation of the latest 
note on this subject*. 

It looks to me that if some action looking to 
the release of this ship is not undertaken by England, reprisals 
will follow;- A copy of the note has been sent by the Embassy 
to the State Department. 

Translation 

Foreirn Office . 
Ill a 6530 
40339. 

After it had been broupht out that 
the German auxiliary hospitalship "OPHELIA* which 
was captured on the 18th of October of last year by British 
naval forces had not been reported at the proper time 
to the British government through an oversight of the 
American p-overnment, the German rovernment has requested 
the American government through the latter^ Ambassador here 
in a verbal note of the 3th of December of last year * 
III a 30591 - to please notify the British government of 
this oversight. In this connection the German prove rnment 
has emphasised that it would not be compatible with the 
spirit of the Hapue Agreement rerardinr the application 
of the principles of the Geneva Convention to naval 
warfare if one power at war would utilize for its own 
profit the oversight of not reporting a hospitalship which 
error is not attributable to the advsssary. At the same 
time the German Government pave expression to the expectation 
that the United States would do everything in their power 
to brinrr about the release of ship and crew without delay 
in accordance with the above mentioned Ilapue Agreement. 

The American Government has thereupon, as 
presented in the verbal note of the 8th of last month - 
P.O. 3185 - of the American ©abassy here, reminded the 
Bnrlish government through their Ambassador in London 
several times urgently of this matter. According to the 
verbal note of the American Embassy here of the 96th of 
last month - P.O. 3446 -, the British government forwarded 
to the American rovernment, apparently without touchin 
the matter of immediate release of the hospitalship proponed 
by the Aierican rovernment » a presentation, aeeording to 
which the "OPHDLIA" has been placed before a Prize Court, 
because the hospitalship sailed on the 8th o* October, 
without recognisable reason in di^erent directions in 



- 3 - 



the North Sea and that the ship received in the 
North Sea wireless orders from Norddeich it cipher 
which according to the statements of her officers 
which directed them to proceed to a certain place- 
according to English opinion the purpose was not 
evident - ; further the charge is made against the 
"OPHELIA" that she has exchanged wireless messages , 
while there was no cipher key on board nor were 
there remarks in the ships logbook regarding the 
use of cipher. 

not to neglect anything 
The Department of Foreign Affairs\then asked 
the American government in verbal note wf the 6th 
of this month - III a 4983 - to please enrage ax 
legal counsel to assist the chief surgeon of the ship 
in the Prize Court proceedings. 

In the meantime the statements of the 
British government regarding the suspicious ( to them) 
conduct of the hospital ship have been subjected to 
an investigation by the German naval authorities. 
The result showed that the "OPHELIA" was occupied 
on the 8th of October to look for survivors (before 
the Ems) of the German torpedoboat " S IIS" which 
was sunk the day before by a British submarine; 
This explains the movements of the hospitalship on 
that day which could not be understood by the 
observing British submarine* On October 18th 
the "OPHELIA" had orders to look for shipwrecked 
men in the vicinity of the engagement of October 17th 
in which German torpedoboats were destroyed. 
By the confiscation of the ship on the part of the 
British naval forces, this work of salvage was 
prevented in the most regrettable manner, as proved 
by the numerous corpses with life-belts on them 
drifting to the Dutch coast. „ 

. . ... A Regarding the cipher 

book it is correct that there was one on hoard~which 
was very probably destroyed. The equipment of 
a hospitalship with cipher for wireless is according 
to international agreement and the customs of naval 
warfare permissible; for military reasons it is even 
necessary, as otherwise any wireless station 
wneresover could read off where the field of 

n? t ini? y ° f the ^Pitalship is located, the spread 
of such news must howver be prevented in the 
interest of the general conduct of the war. It is 
also right and duty of the captain of the ship, 

Hn a = re !fT^ h ? ? iph9r secr **> that the cipher book 
does not fall into the hands of the enemy. 

i rtD rrPTT,/T ding t0 the above the conduct of the 
"OPHELIA" offers therefore no reason to suspicion, 
and it cannot be understood why the ship should 
be brought before a Prize Court. It appears the 
less intelligible as the facts required for the 
adjudgement of the Prize Court, have been known 
Z° l iu S b ?^ inni ^» thus more than five months , 
to the English naval authorities. The carrying 

£™i*L ^4 Priz ? 2°? rt P r0oe * u ™ would in addition 
prolong this painful matter, which to the greatest 

! r, Ji . German government (which certainly 
would find the approval and participation of the 

w« ~ a ? r ° V8r 2 l6nt) haa now unrter ~ hollow Pretexts 
been going on for such an unreasonable lonr- time. 



- 3 - 



The fterMan ilovomuent believes that the American 
Oovernnent will brinr the preceding view points to the fullest 
assertion and will exert their full influence with the British 
Government to finally effect the release * without further 
retardation, of the German hospitalship "OPHELIA" and her crew, 



Berlin, ..arch 37, 1915* • 



(See Paragraph 4, Instrnction. of Octobe^tfE,^ **> VetUmed. ^ 



SUBJECT ~.~-Caa£Stig»»- 



• OStl # hm 



to 



From. 



No . Date iSQTOi- 



Replying to 0. N. i. No. 



1. 
has been the pc. \»lo ecc: 

•tff0r$8 t Shot I 

Mrtri 8 ouch 

clo&l oeid of one 

" 4-- ■+•« 4rt T34M 

preserve ital t 



Date 



^ \ m \\ v*i m * m ^m *^mAqi mm&wM i% 




"ay 10! 




1! 



At 

£.A> 4t. jet m>|HH -n . 



tho .:i of 
■c- c i| thra^i Von l&l or; *o 

lorn to Italy, 

■ ny hoa Ik. or 00 

§ pro; 
oc . >, ;i» 

:■ £hct of 3 to 
^ bevo token this lino, .0 et&t©*- 
nt Imvo bees laade bat or 



a do ent boi.iovea fch< t -."ill oc . loot, 

hor ono oif fcie outlet, or 1 wfe&eft cotrr^Os the 

frontier, rte I . tho uvpor i^or iteiy . 

the poecoo noim trine vr£. pes os of rlea 

Ipo • on escehenge of £H I is Mat In WW 

pernit. 

• Beports ffcoo niXitor^ non, fe$tH .rray ft . ?ul - 
acre-:. t!ut Italy's f*< wtm ere < ;o, 

he© *aet re Ion lire. abac 

otc saly woe ! to so* oncl the to 

obo rclll - but the tue- .nor r4th v fcfcly has I:o- t oil fro 

Isno^/ing *»* future action admiration to everyone. 

?bo to practic lly unit* -tors or*, but 1 ■ ae 

Italian C3C; roor-ed it - thlc io chiefly to m :.evo 

that into Front ion by 
MR ions by u: tria, 

or tfer t. • in 

out tho country. re lofl to 

jftstilcte only fell so. otsnt o:r troono. •; crowl 

the min&i^iL rth-Oorcsf.-a-.'^lo: 



"twin, ag eon- 



, . c 
mm one of nana 



;ro» 






:rinr; ■•» ->• 

eocllerl 1c 'or, X h< 

froa a very roll: or mm m en Italian, ronreocriting 

lerec ne r interest© tfcr out tho s 

ooroe forb 
not bo .;iv. _ tt m it ii firet .rior of the 

gerrioob # ono. ie ccmoiacred iy Wba to bo oainouo, 

;ht ^uilio loft Genoo on the of 

erch for Spozlc on her our trial. r ar ivoi. 

Will have her gun triolo, and v. ir cot-Diction, hor full 

power trial v/ill bo car out 00 tho return ^rip to Genoa. 

The ohip v/ill then be turnc. over to tho Oovornnont sad hor 
final eleasing end painting oxnoditea. 






. tOO :t !?&£*# 




Collated . i wrtons aoisroea by 






,t WMT Oil • bf 

m of 
at aa^ .o* 

tiro &m -■■ oeod to -. m la the 

'■. • € ' 

I tic. . . i*laoa euro repot 

tod the 

, . a rieet 
o* 

&d to be In 

1OO0 Vt . in ti'£ lr:„ : ,;.,; 1* 



' . 



lc- 



:i t 



. 



■ 



tt 









■ # i 1*0% ; 



, 



, 2*8 



-j ora 
to or 



i 



**e 

| ra.t3io» 

■ nr# e»v Xo v vod in 



: 
. '■ 
.•'.:♦ etc. 

i account '.on that 

, , „ I not mn& 



3 5 

m B + . 3l 

rltiti y si r&d enetan on tlm foraalay of each bat- 
tleahl$ &a em identification i ©lug 

' ret; at or tor adoai olr aim j* egr & . „ . y ao 

aot fly a ir&la : a c&tion* 

":« arotmd itssaaoX® denote i I via! , . , 

ttO«i ever:' -JaalbXc ^'iiOCfca» 

hipBt nmm ha* ■■oan ro~ 
i» I i t am 

■ , ■ ■ ■« of rlaltt Hi© ■Hfohaat 

chl::- lo not infoineft i -artled tot. 

•■ olroissal ■ "/©to« i ■".- lo®o of th* . *a an 

m 

la it 
ciino in tha --• 

t! to g ^re^ :tont« 

■ anXaar ! rta » 

aH 1;, 

wt«5 otiXl ::■ vcsao! 

* 
r own are . 

: .; fin fc*> 
rar* 

DciriQG tha bomb«r^ le ( 

-&dron " wmmh ■ 

wee oboar r ♦ 

■re in £on«afc-< 

d$T« .OtWfeC. 

??$ro a U mtm in line 

r. afhola aqt&dron vsa proe . .a. 

. oo &O01 n t*&id t 

■ of . .&u 

I .■■..- 

atation 6, - 3 fr ;: 

1« VOl« 
o l« 

! 
direct •'.u o 

i ■ : ■ 

■■ ■■ :■ 

X Of 







»« 



• 



;■■■■■ 










in 


:' Li 






; de©' 




■:C : - ;0 


• 


'' ■ , ■ 


|« 


. 






-. i 2* below os 






. . . 












' - 






ia 






■* 




l* 



*rt< 

. . . 

itiaa 
do aot ace wear c* 

© of the 
fit ' * mm 

■i/tle woo ut fcj $e£ turid the ocroea 

oll« 

; oil tar^o&o lie fJron at on 

vooaol was ateotdng «t looo 
o loo® than l t . .■ rda« »9 w&ii only G ;;&rd8 

•1 . has Mia a! leh m ... i 

:d ooncmoaion or oilier effeot 

o rouanro im r di. icar« 

Liar 4? I- i*o6 txt 

mtd Xooa« 






• UB6& for S' both ..XigltiUlA 

£ Umi strait© 

ill rei-' I ia 



3JkT * 

■ &«r&&a v~15 is 0- I t© fc&va oaaa waiik If tbo i~ 

fir© of *ua . Liefe ajradLaear OtaMsg Aagoat* 

';« oep tela o£' Uve eUite& Xlc^'s :o 

to.; - vaaoali a mm . , la llna abr» 

I o£ ©bout I ' a&g ■., . r V brought ilia ©nn 5u 
y a^t *t*4c 

fcy o.. g, \$ nhipu had 

only steer * .' ! 

both ' • ; . . locixv:. ia 

military v&lua t ta« o 









^ mm v ,ca but S ./r. * 

8t... in tha wm m w$ safe* 

rlnaa* oiiie ■ little 

to over ■■ i 

TOU5 ■ ■ • -t 2 ' . « 

' d ■ :■ ..;■■ . '. 

to. ■ c m* 

ABpaarasiily i Sivlaj 

ttMi a moon v^ $tt« 

British at ii ©afe^Btr i a to 

..a su&n*? ©a 

iah arc I -it rtftttXtc 

r now oxia '.ting 

&dO l*t & © • 

»r a of • ,>«ar to the e 

wit' atactl . aa 

p&aaed 

30S. ad to *a« 

■ 

he , "to &wh aa axtuit 

Mm.!."..: v-eaaad aagiaidagad $sat tfea i&aw ted baan auffioii *1 ■.. . 
alale fear* bat aab; show 5 ■;,. 

tea oat; tar 1 isad boon r 

•••eno.- . . • . 






to i^at la ,. js^ia c . - * 

vtt aat • t itlflu; aul;~ 

aay tortvaftoaa at tba *in$la I . 

oad * 

'.A 1] atrol 9 ora < ittla uae oo 

lia on 
. -Tinea did* 
, ftae .liar wo.- a wave a ton- 

. ■ • . 
"il . tioxotta snbastirin. I bat 

inaido of the a o£ t # 

ati oat. ioo 

tfra oocat , 

m 1 to. I aa - 

• ■ ^ara wara dasac • - 
e 






torpa&oad b$f fmtewin^^ i» « 

«>rward 83 it&i tb© reac* >g not 

«J©g» tort a«S Is ele&r 

-. <,i . of .'•;;-:... a&oot& m&* 

£h© m&mrlm ' ■■* 

aldeat to t'fc© <4 a M <-,,-,.; : c* 

Gcrm&i- miHQ I 

*©i©X2 :*l 0*9© ■ ri#iCMM afei^l 

fczmale ©v©* wti &aad i 03 t* 

..-"it&dh 2MI ■- Loot fey at:. 

float!*: I 1 a of a &or»u eniaar. 

-•ltio v *■■■ ©d fc red iaiaa 

in frying timsmlt tea & esr, 

jp*©©-. ; . ; for a f acvoxt&l 

::u . • .- •;'-.■•..>.;•. : i: . Sgsv -. 1. znly ? £©©t» a U--h ■;;■.•:■.,*' ,. ■*:■;.■ ;.e *,,-,:■■ a 

; :«: m&& 
ccnoioiod ox 6 abac . e .-a 6 1 . .;♦» 

reoi s« 

©n t g n MXj w 

rwmlsig aa&ora t a *&&£ of tha $©5ri3§«3 nia* (laid $&$ $oto$ ... , 

. salm® la '■ . •■-'-. 

conn©©" . ■ ■*& b$ ■ mn* 

- ■ » . , 
baa& ! fo or 

&m©d 

© VftV" * 
• «iM 

... 

dark c m to < ':«ri g£&d 1 son 

***&« ud aonfh for©© &?« h f :.-■. . . && 

lag % % m ': to ' . 

o*4 to "}£.. • l in 

1 . tiah ral j . u ,» ■. ill* -d 
'Oth •:: -or© a* r© 

etorOf ©oaoaat 1 

. ®ro aouL 1 

isfc at about ~v taoota Mr 

mnmH fifon lairing e paaltloa to t) c cmatward* - &aa ■ 

€ ©oatwfcrtl of 1 1 

oon -.11© - »&© c 

ritlcflr vera olaorX? oistliaod hoi 

e . 
... . . 

. ■ * 




.:'.■ 






' . • 



W 



00a wen 60 i 

Brl ota« ♦ 

©©£, oloaad tha . '. MM 

tore at the ©ad e .til©. . v&a oscooXXe: • 



'. :• 



■ ' ' O. 









ivo 



. ■•: ., .. • 



- 



' i '' 



oca . ;„. ..-, mt U\%q 

nit* a 



a 

OB« '.TOO $tt &©# v . 

forward i m o- ,-re 

! tor i 

. : - ... . ■, ■ ■ . ■ , . 
. 
ne&o 1« 

omhorst < » t&© !§#« 

■ vr or. I la U;^ -« 



art 



K £ 



tool: 






jt 



# 












!Th© object oi the fit 

ol .le©t I I „ attire* 

nest* In Ger ©et i for cod ixv: - lty« et 

at 

7* 



lltfh in or to ' 

Ln0 of 

i rai< 



-./ 






C? V"M ... »<"i u * 






■art of 
a© t&snted to &g®m ->1® 



■ ** & 



to -isrufce • £&» 

mlty rimlvi . ; a £r 

et 

: 

...... • . 






. 






■. 









fr 



j ;.;} 



. >a csC :. » of 

P© €& E! ...'-■ "■" 



. , - 



■ ■ 









jf> 






. 



: 



■ 






'..tie ol ■ • v 

; it y< rte 









' ■ 



©emtio ■; in t» 

■ m rocol; , I 

nvliw ,, LblOt • 

11* ] ent and b« The 3 

If into a fort. 
•!»©£ ftftrahoret* ■■-..-. ♦ ci * 

wot© ell 006w1 &»d CFverfcf. art ..;■. fflh 



■ 



».i 



■erit left 






fire •. 

> . ; ! -ie only 

e tov7« of ■'. ®?mn m®t& were vJL&lbl© above Vm 
IJritlr r&X Blgxu oral oixoe". 






10 Oj 



-A j£* 






I 

• i 

t ;ireri 
neither t e 

■16 <. ©ee w too < 

• tic or '<© & Gor 

700801 8 



•• 



v. 



■ 

all;- 
re while 

oruleoro 



11, , ;© vithont ' effect. -.on rote of firo 






■» ijt *» 

»» 'ii»>Mi » J i fn i iii ?m i— < »i u » Vh i i» i n 1 1 ■« l itw " iT ^ l Uii > » "i 

vary rapid • e * „ , . 

boon nw .» fctoa ier«i ct ; at t& 






LQ 



♦ 



^ 



It wa 

@ • >oo a . 

ooa&#rlaoti i i i .. 

dostroyeer fc t i o« a* .-e too6«9r t &ae ;; i oXd 

dootro . me t*&@« 

onooo ®a® lot- 1 

lext .■ -aoe . ..©o« 

':0 pl&£ Of luting • '9 

illy xuader 

al .: . wo g*r* out* 

on blockade . ,r re 

. t« 

destroy d 

at , ♦ .0 r« 

'■-■••'-• . . ♦ , 

£Stt§lqg force o£ 5 ,....-;., 4 aac! ins &ims ?*ad £ Hold piooos ^hlola 

• . »< . ■ . 
; .-■:■/;:. v. 

as hit at : . ■....< ; , 

r ;.>• 
-...ion la we- » ioe 

i* of *\. 
to 1 obout IX:'.. » 

aro Gad oik 

■ 

eo moot f ' . 

i : io -. oea wol ...aane- 

well . 

It ia . • ilX«troftito4 inesi 

tafesbit.. it a ml sttt;is ted « o too I to " stjmot ■<••;>.:.»; tin Chinoso 

ont* 
S Jap&nooo olnS ro ftof 1- I ion 

of tho min ta&ttorloo of -Tcrto litis sal oor*- 

locumoo* 

3 oo L as soarchll&h 
£ho pooitlozi of lottor b*lm oMftod ox 

■ :. Off Ott llltfe';' 

Wltll 41 f&OOfalAS : , 

did nob o (i8 their 

t« 
Xarj 

:dea and aorbln to tho 

ol Od» 






<•>/•» 



'J ^ ., yJ&ifJh m. J: £ 



2a lag £ao c 



% 1. 






.;■ U 1 . 



':.' 



't ^ 



ruiw 






l 
■ 



- i>- 



■ '•'■ 



98 ttlft: 






! 



> ' 






. 



■ 

■ 

In 

sunk I): 

a • 

I Ll Of J ' . . . .... . . ... 

; . . ." . ■ ! ' 

In : >.:• 



■ 



i 



B 02* • ite t 0.u 



■>Cu • 



. 






. 



...... 

■ . * r , 






; »? ' 












r~ 



i - 



...../ ■.','..■ '*'. L'it'i .■ ( 

I 

! 

■ >£' 

: . 

. 

. ,j cau. ■ am la tb» 

•fttroyc? i- atoiy tikm i id 

, -©tor©. ; t; 

Z*' . . . v ;.' -.... ■, _ , ; ,'\\ i. <i... ;C2.«. * 



a* 
Aostroywe 



n oo 



mn 1 



J|$ ill wft 






tefo*^ 



Htm British Chief cf £avai tar at 

the 3 -r want i i mti 

b® worried* 

&t t' >e$ta» ■, afi i tidh 

- .. ,■ ■ l 

a foraad lata i 

.{ oaall on 
life 

m on tint 



tr 



t»a of 1 
ac.. 

i l» tlm i« 

o aoldior i ■ .to, prlva ■ - - 

ft: Mi 

fl . , . 

a, ■ , ..■■■,.'.. > to 

p mur 4! to :;ro.- , 

mm 1 u its £&&£* fc&a i 

offiot ■ -' ..-. tad list 

@« 
it ao I i S in i 

i 
•ira-aa on Mm .a 

lath grubjaet, ..■.£. tha ho,---. 

.... ; .. - , s. 

tevor 

:.j 1a1 i ....,:■* 

, wU*l'4ft| *E3 linV . . ... :.,/•* 

I "' " ",*/•.■■ 1 ^ > f / , •' 1" " "{' -J i» ?'!■''* '."> f ■"•."'■ *■> "', "'■" . *" ■ f "'" ■' r j '• i ' k ■'""' "" \ '*"*■■ 

tmohlrias; ♦ 1 I r 

,:*riea,ia I 5, a 

Wi W tO t,..;t .... . >t . 

«a . I 

Ifc&tio ■ • . - . - . '1*- 

ing of thl . •,:.:•:« 

' . ■. , . . . 

wit* - , 4 

...... ;. V ....... . . 

■ to '-..:• at* 

oroto 0l>$»at la our < or able . .,oal of Xo; 

ba attac m&n &a tlaa X«h King. u*a 

tnoalti tlif: --C .J. fflfltfthi ' ' ,; :.-^ c :■.-..■.- ;i .;..r icier. .*.£•'■' 



.. .1 



Al uaan curt ualtf ihs 

1H« » r £Ttfttr< outhuai&am whe 

'•>r la v to viidtrc 

t l>«yc thlt veaor&tlo» t Trt;ioh it 

rmeh mrkea toAtrtt #ir Utl .0. r 

atr t In polltloe or ©Ataiulatr^tion* la 

only a t i f ho i© viGiblt al^n of of 

tht oonntry, &n& In the e tit obj^ot oi A iBMMft 

mxiwm anocmly th«n u oororol^ti who ims 000 

tut mmtlwml ;T.ti-ictlma e€ in :n .%lect« # .^1 t,o ro^a owt* 






I 



« 



over their ^olliloi r 
In & o of quicker 



.*» iU* 



«,+ 









*. *r*« 



- 



- 









o £o3 ftm? . • fc by 

,1 officer t 



a eoegj&n^ °* £ 



. 



■ 



;-8 



HMF | • 






,•■■. 



'.*".-. 



■■■■;<■ 



no ... ,volo 

WE $ Ol 

:r ■ it I 

••? n$a*t a b£j . ; 

. , . a .. ^ .'■ i ■ 

mix 
i 

t to 
aooord: 



[■ 



■re 



. O f o3 
r: 






•*Jt'>»* Hi*- -Li ■■■ ■ ■ "■» ■' - v.- k-ii*- -•/ -J 



I 

- , - 






...'.; ■''■»' -'T- 






>0 









IS 









■ 

■tyw ■ 
"... • r t the r* 









"V* 3 ' 








flMK,"' . fi. •€* ; 




«n 6 1 o 


■ 


,on on 




.: # 



' IT B i 



. 



■ 



ft ler*ol 

ift of a uueJLl ■ ' 



aye 



ItioL report 

lty 1 ■:ptll$ tliO 8We*' t 4 

nd h&d to sweep Oi 

jgiiBh lei* mn 

b of tb» i Idt V.ae tun mx 
r square 

boeji Hflti e« 

'it lid .■■ .;*• bft' 

tout long eec< rod tun. 












&e«* 

fch ol the xha&»« And 

re have 

Ued with o;vf ,ro 






or© tb» latter atarc- .X. 



. 



«rorc 



'« » 



- . 
a heavy rtsdd r ;* at 



to 

" 

■ 






. 
! 

J. 
it 1*9 oi* 

■ . 

■ 

ibe* 

&.■■■ 

\ . t ■ a 






A " 



water. It 

» 

or.. 

■ ■ 

■ 






• 
i 



# 






a c 



^ji«f 



8": • • 18 

- 



tor i 









B 






. 



I -r. 

- 






• 



4- « » 



- 
1 

%i<m O: 

le ( ao 



, 




- 


» 








■ 








&&• it. 


• 

>8ion OiJy, 



r"l ".'■', 






•4 



PQlft t 

ott* 

a or 



( 



■» 11 — 



otc :#fcr& t B r# morale, 

3t« 






fill' 

:. 
.its * 
have ua«4 £$ 
effect 
tmo i ot Ecu' 
it was 



11** t '.■; :■•• - ; N* IN? 



- : 












■Ml 



■.-,. n 



■ 

. ■* ■ ■ 



- 
■ 

tr# f 

t 

mi >H* 



M 



* 



nil t ■ 



in 1 . , 



■ M ■' ' *• 



e 



■ ■ 



-;. 



- 






ten on tf i 



ivo 






tes on the r re sent Wax»~* 



Collated from various sources by the 

'fiee of Iiaval Intelligence, 

arcn 1315. 



, V{ I 



Aeronautic Strem " . 




H ■■MW WW i n n ' f U m HH H 



She etre of the Aeroj o Corp a of . belligerents 

at the close cf 1914 war Ixa&tely ae follows: 

I os os 

;<nce TC 14 

Germany 
ansa! i 18 

island 4. 

; stria 8 

Belgium £ & 

Japan 1 

Purfeey 

. rami gat Ion of ritish Aeronautic £ervtee « 

■1.1-Uii i iiMi« u i» m i ii i n m i n i i ■■!! i ■! iiw w ii ii m in '■ * ■■ i ' i i 'urn m iiiMiiiiili'i ' ii n ifc i h iwiiiiiihh in nn l n i ' i i w \ 11 i> i i i n m i n 

flonaoron consists of 4 Jlir' .lite, fi .,or~trtiCk 
train and armor*< -ofeiles. it ie oob 3 by a o#3or. 

"•« flight Unit '.is to 8 ' aero ■ i *d 1 spare. 

i— iwii ii Jy»i ni i i ii iii U .^ i ii » m u m** * 

It is ceKDft .dod oy • :iin» 

Aero; -lent ant cons lata of 1 or" floor Hot - 

i.lontenantV i XflT^er observer - always, a pilot, 1 *jon- 
oouanisBloned officer, Z privates (msehanlolsiui ) 

ore are about 180 officers ana. 1.- en in air- 

service • 

Gerraan Aeronaut to .ersoimel. 



uMlu i— «" *■ im * mtm*w 



;.ns also have Flight Units of 4 
ober, . ■/« ov illtarr aaftsr 

instruction at Doeberrl - . 'alning io also carried em 
Johanniotot . -. iberg, / is <• 

a large number of > at Kiel and 

the oloae of the year f >enoany 
aviators. 

jani i 1 mil 

mem**- * m « w w »m wi » ■«■■■ ■■. ■ ■■—■<» 



-mas ved themselves » not only of t - 

eatest :iblo value to belligerent , mi an absolute and 

vital necessity in carrying on a land c oir pri- 

and principal ass is in re< to determine the 

number mH disposition of the eneesy. e second and >at 

as Important a use ie id control' . Lrs 

of artillery. oir third use is in air raids and 8. 

oir fourth use is in be off le 

and in kea them from get ion. 

use of aero lanes la reoonnoiterin£ ia,of course, new in this 
war. t having \ roved their v , e now considered 

indispensable. In the .resent war, reoonnciUr: te 

are wade regularly as a m. ins ond under all 



Aeronautics (Continued) 

sslble conditions of i *d weather . I'he present dead- 

lo- long 11 stern battle ;, is duo to the 

concentrations of troops by either side i"or an atta ;m 

sse are iiaciediatoly observed and reported to the other 
side by Its aeroplanes, I *h permits of tve&sures being en 

to meet and counter such attac . if one side 

ft, it is probable t its line would I roed 

and routed long ago. i uaey of the Rue 

nautlo en: eld to be lex nslbli * re 

defeats of the Kusaiane in the liaaariaa ion, c 

German massing of treoas it Dints wxk ae1 

observ«d. ue of aero -lanes in lot enejoy trenches, 

concealed batteries d other targets for 
se< -.-ad o . 

been ineeti e« I ue oj 

eannot be said to have boon astrt • ■ , 

arena « e&fl 1 

lit eeurate reports on the ae1 

It is soldc Li 'lie a1 9 detar- 

s. 3 is a t« m o regard 

in aardlv . .«« is is especially so 

amongst - for i sole pur 

of dropp in. su All oil their aari , 

bo-abs, and ■ >o '1 ora. In 

hostile air att 

it. .-© aerir i vtiy i 



'., ■■•-.noh arid ana. in 

ported as no ra is heard ml* 

it is difficult to estimate the t; lue 

the Zeppelin at the present , on account 

reoy ^ai. aed by the I it is 

no very great results have LI ... -en s< ..ved fey tham« 

.nr as • a, only one e oelin Bald aaa thus far eee 
at' ed I* and and the d @ ne was ina : ;aifi cant. 

It is not 3 i hew rasny el ins took part in this Ld. 

£hr a been variously est!' . . x. 

roe is probably the correct n- . ■ r* Hot*. iil£t 

value was e J. and the only result besides 

age to non-mi . p laces , was in \ ■ possible t 

. flnced. It was thai tat this a roo bly lis :e 

tnre • . a trial c. t or ry skirmish and would 

so llowed up by a c roat at'. in force. h 

taolc has ace. o conclusion is 

pel ins I selv< . 

8 la d< 1 ■ d by 

lore i. gb to -, ei o 

ove to be particularly delicate crau 
ideal conditions of weather, and 

os oi ious description!.;, oar to 

ha a etoriiiS and easily lost control c aluds. 

oy are extremely susceptible to rain l e t wl 

rea cos their buoyancy • loss of one Lea 

conjectured to have been due to i we it opoaite 

upon its m a. A place, they are very vul- 

nerable to all ^orma of attach . hey o.. an enc. 

-air craft guns and on . ad 

unwieldineos, I ■jaaviuit in r< &- 

As re&arda , i ■- 

ent :.eppelins are ordered not to at1 loo, Ly 



* % m 

r nnaut I c a ( C on t i mm d ) 



to cU jelveo, and hen i - a e :>f 

. ts . , & >#y are '.o r: . • t* .. r bo- is of 

nece lo, on account of the altitude 

in to avoid at it in the day tlma, m 

on unt oi* the obscurity of the target and the i ity 

at t. >re t it 3 ng the opinion -■ ox- 

or its t& ae lining effect, boi 

ie inei\;.ec •, and acooi ee lit! 

erieJ value* lao oi e •« ,- rpconaoiter 

. to be much greater ee» ■ \ 

itfl io 1- . ftg oi* taa Littl 

ation - y^rc'; . ;.us of action and . se 

rity over the aero .-lfc no in earn 
out i b rocor.. . ie« da its quail u. i, I 

ells le s >sefl le te |,x ■' ••o 

1 .'nrs« Ita .or a and float o 

iry over a Ji\ .oint. tiles 

low* It ei ...ore rapidly than em t 

ier sorbet . . -void 
rise t< a , 3 to 10 t C ■ ft* s asre- 

ceed on its m na& return to lie i ■ ! . e» 

s of ii strayed* it is :. .at 

ppoiins are be;' - . It in OeJ as the rate 

of one in every 16 a* ried, it: 

Cficea c .r to faun ..Tea 

. th lta construction* 

flaat tine and Com, roil, rt 11 lory /ire £r<..' '.an©. 

German Method- 



„.;. ■-».. -~i. 



ropleue i-.'-iea a reoonnals- i e over the position 

to be attacked. ileaily over it. which la e& 

an inc t tmi \ by l leal any of 

Geriit;.: , a silver 3 ia • ad* ery con. 

L cea a be* sn thia ii ■■»■ dot* .■ i Hree* 

tion. .r in t I •■ re lane* 8 re~ax i 

. .■ , as b back a i on the pe alt iota &i 
battery! ■ na a c ielea instrument. Prom thia ie 

, , i he rai gee i re obv. . ■ i .© 

on r< .b to the battery with thia ion. it ie 

poaalble \ the I nod fj ;y by r- 

.der on i , .e a liver boil ia <3i ads 

roplanea have aem to their line a 

be o ia o; &« G< 

. ■ ■ '.ted by phot the 

a«i ne, la lae -oed in locating the : i ■;/• 

hreaeh. Method* 

I I m i ni »i I MW 

aerojione isakea a reoenneieaeno« lit to loctte 

e en- 'a ,-o , ch is plotted on 'the map and the i 

s&eaaured • / la o dia 

bettc.---, i* lag a 1 .aicular Lo Iti rt t or - 

8 obaerviag aeroplaj. ■ dt . B lag. 

jerrer ia Letting theete, for r o 

ill of 1 4 hen over t . o aalvoa ie 

t .e short and one orex the oetiiaatod raage* -s 

are clotted, the sheet t'iac. o with a etoaioer 

had and dropped Lhe ttery. e aoottered in 

I vicinity f ick u the tubs and i it to the battery 

co«tt?a;tder. on on the 1 , oomiaander usee 



m d m 

Aeronautics ( 3 o i » t inue 4 } 

the ;.. , Ihe eel a© rej ; ;or 

Ting one at en * of 

ft, l & Is claimed to bo extremely rapid 

effective. ;d of report!, ratio a by 

four Ct or i troplane a j, 

for ml correct lone only. 8 of 4 ,.etrea are then 

1 c Jin hta. j.708 are i ircd wham e.cro: 

is over i 3 t, the aeroplane returata Lte o; ery 

each tine to aal reeulte* -Is r res about I es» 

In one method of signalling to the aeroplane* a 4 
Lte cloth stfrereJ yard's 1c re laid upon the ground , 

c form of i .3, as 1, I , "• , V, f t etc, aeae 

re eraeJ meanings as * fl rve for klxte f fl "for r<',;<. e, :;,; or 
fuse," "for effect of fire," etc* 

Ln y* ttor for the Tlaet. 

a recent s -it off Ucligoland betv be 

..-,rons f a ---eppelin was 
sent out ■ the lenasa /leet, not only to observe, but 

primarily to eel »• spotter. 

otters; for and against shine. 

In replying to t3 i ire of . v -war" o:.f the 

Lglaa i st, the < \ : m artillery need aero i U A aeiftt 

in the spotting . in ethea employed ie -e 

etro- eet lying : I ro 

& an aer< ae to assist in the epettl ae fire 

alnst Montenegrin artillery It ions, it Is 3 ..-ted 

.\e acre " was sd in lisareaaiia e 

the fire fro e ships. 
-jtober 18th at about 2 /..". ■.:■. 1 Btrian Flotilla 
-' destroyers and exshi ded 

e aae« time a hydroplane 0©^ 

t in mid -air and illuminated the .:bor. It Ie reported 
that by .cieans of the light thus Ashed, the destroyers 

re was 

3. 

+m^^~+t****r**+*im»~*m 1 'i »■ 1 ■■■! 

The British Kiade two rwids on P«*«eldor£« Lrat 

Ld was Esade on iber BEnd )>: ropla&eti of the British 

1 . .do conditions very difficult. 

at Collet edeft la dropping rcc on 

shed, approaching within 400 feet. Little or no 
da' a was apparently done, ollet'e mc ine wae struck c 
one projectile. bm1 aehiaea returned Barely to I r 

>f departure . 

ie se< ' raid was tsede on Ooteher 8th three British 
aei nos. s dropped fro feet struck the airs)' 

ft , eetreyed the Zeppelin 
She avlat Lne r« ed thia lei ude by 

over ruse. id hy ^ns and artillery, he 

%j of id« he &ade a dive ds, so that it 

eared that be r/aa falling ■ 
Lt. the fire stopped. Ie be lied in the 1 Addle of the 

roof and vae followed by , teide 

h lasted for tea tea. t 

rolYed pe&etratlnj '3 the enei 

ry 19th and I s na mde their first 

nirahip attack on land. ry little .ven 

either BY id or Germany, concerning this raid. -iber 



* Q m 

.A eronautics (Continued) 

.■I » i '!■■ ■ ■ ■ mnmm - i n 

oi' :eppelins :xtlc. as been variously a. s 

ofa two ~co Six, I - 

ishot- .roe . .Ins had been 

Ln a wei I ross tlu , 

iy for id. -u sitae i a id< . , 

£oggy a&d Tt;.iny i or, brat j . . .Iced was Xar- 

' ;i; mis i n oo. Italy taj In &pite of 

,Ie VE' • serx'lce Dd >. .■. planes and santera, as vve ..3 an 

or:. - efi patrol* the Eeppelin» then s&Jjriad 1 . . at 

.3 on Croi..cr , jtoa, , . . t aat- 

tl?: . a, hai ., ..• . , . ... , 1 e- 

&nes 1 direct for t 

'..:■■ , celiac >M li .'!'. ..- ly about £ 

•.irs. rt8 C B to the iy$>« ... - .0 used, bo 

C lb. one© ware droppedi ■- • i . »p~ 

■lin ' rles fa ■ . I lee. aly stout T0$ c 

do€ • . the others is vs.] o& 

to I s flying low, not allow 1 11 

en-. or the ; .a axsMMu is rapsrts also oX 

e lot ! life canned ere . t farianSSi r 1 bc- 

-"ed, to £C killed m& % •&. 

1 flj i consider*, vie 

. . , . . . . ■• . i it 

•id lost all the gas out of two of its e®13 
It was, i rer t il Le to continue ito r»1 m trip to its b. 

... uxkuven. 

ten toe. . rt la ia rail wore tlrec or 

S3t. ■ 

erulsex 1 id s ■..."■. int©< , .. I ad 

a nuiaoer ass; all oi ; id or 

said TyrnM tt . - :.: ■ »aa© •bljpfl sash c 
lane'... . 

,3 lei't - -leh on t3 q .. oj Dee bn 

>int 75 allies t oi* . . . ..;e 

ft . iter and arott &a& rioso to the r.onth 
oi* Iba. 

. dirislo,. -le cruiser 1 , 

( •'. t r to the i .-.'. ] a and the sahe-.u 

. it ice ths German 1 a out in pursuit %i 1 ritii 
■j t Ilia and then cut J of! itle cruiser© end 

3. ' ' ' -. ■ ■ ©rely a dlro a to 

straet ths 1 Le» of the :8* 

rons wt ohad >re d- 

25th. lane ft hoisted ■ 

,iee - t 7 A — a cruisers and od 

ie eastward. 

it ions vi - % -aea - , r. 

'■ l sea s. 

Shorts, .,:■ li aomt and 8 aon caotera, 

ilnutaa was c :e staj . ine 1 .a 

to art, but U,o 1 . bfoin 

only oev ot away. ;■.. rosso 1 ..nd- 

, etsering by eo. is. 

earing tns ' tia lbs, 1b 

p to descend » e 

t. i lts- 

urd. ore e Ly 

r©1 trating tri I sea v-hen thsy od 

the ee; 103. 



II 1 1 ■ I I . 



- 6 - 
ere ,Iob (Continued) 



be Bu^lattfl Krami to get ; . la 

;..'.' . ■ ■ ■ ..v on , ,ie, . •" ' - 

>lM &&$aly t an le of 45' 

■'.. nssa ,.. pia -g. 

apl&ne® £ on tinned on t© / 

heavy • iru. Lr q . . \ el 

. , ibic- •.-. B &S* hi ' .'. . ;e 

no a ooneldsr&ble mssofee? were 
drc ; vocU at it id m eveii e ■ ■ . .r» _ 4 s 

oi. a wore nx y ste i ve avoid be^ig L$« 

. 11 .vere alt, ©c sj 
br© 

. ia believed the ins re- t?y ;. • tne 

-■■y ,a, SUB no surface shi : .s 

re • ■< it out- red to Etta .' bi Light 

e?ul&exs a brat theM ■ oTinj - d ^molded cu 

he ciiri -' lea also attacked tbi ovulftem wai - eves 

3 jwt Mlmwd their mark* were artveaa off by 

til ircre i :.s, brat :. .ontly not i . l. 

After en ! ng their - oa, ail the ea started 

ok to the rea&©snreu8« • ■ ish I ;nea had tai^en - 

rte. 
^ nes» all I • . e mother t succeeded 

in :. to 'he . iree #tJ ore pic; s "by &ub~ 

ee¥« i Mhlnea ■. I Lefo 0tsxt*&» tnwe were gott< 

ood wliapc . • . ■' -oro mxik 

Hot n rescue- . In one o&se a se&plaae was be 

1 ov • . ed 

■■■ B I arlae ■ nod the •- Laai id 

dove. 

Lint Co dor Lett failed to set &&ek. i a- 

able t* fc« 1 ia-d he 

Obliged id- &8M320 was seen in the water gov- 

I l^Olfl ... . 
v®ninmlly ... I h ii • • .\ 

tor j La 1: , . . . 

ix d« ' 8MB ii'naei . . i 'n 

BoHsmdL. 

in 1 • oi' '. its . ines 

wt roe Lonro. i B noted t&at 

in Cra* ..tli aati*4 '.ns. 

be object of t't raid felled, tml fcki o na ion i 
epiondia ar «*• 

To ,n -y~roi nit . 

cvioi r, ox een eond noted 

ce i r of 1913, od B ir f 

.i. od is ei >aee to 

lore, . kilos. j only ft. 

- . . , its are . 

co ted in .& of c ... LX-pn >n 

it le* 
t 75 i 

en en ex i fired 

iron lb lea. ,e tea o lu , »t 

re not i on 

.-. 



- 7 • 

lea (Con tinned) 
71releeo on ..-ircr;. :• ; . 



CI'.- 633 B -ireM-po crc t i •■.'.,/., e 

oi . filing oeses^ , to eej - 

::o in fl 

lists Ox S 4v tt Beii(U.xi£: Bet, '- ro said 

to nemfi . atocn lea f 

otrt J . UK- ..g of re; .1* 

• ■- J ♦ 

OX i Ovxr&d r- 

-03, i it«r aoole^t is pomiiar. 

Jo*, . ia fairly typical. 

. s#, w : cooled, 1: rev© In- iiinte, 

E» i 

o fn hew i or an aeroplane All 

altitud* iyond the effeel ivo range 
rifle snd art ill ^rj 'ire, - of at 

ft, i -. • ■■' orivc *®m araor 
do not -ion of this increased weighty is? 

lets 0.:il^ 

ioyo« ... &&£.. ..o c t-ii or 

d 'with 1/ . .or nad* I seats of plli 

■ r . 
any of the TToreia with 

ra&< aboi be. ete and i fch 

ant to eo ..or the epee&fl of 

.xoe ^'ilch is carried : II 
i ! t Ls t-hi •' tic oporl < aal« 

i. ! a a 5 Bhot e, '•■'.'; rears 

the pilot e« 

j hoti 5. 

oojea . -.covered that 

taped detect!* a of thi -y 



.1. 

M-w ■ ■■>■« ■»i m MiiJU.iv iwnrm -i m n mi v l K . i » wn 

^.-' . • lictiirc;- t . ... - . a ee fcy 

.o Go;. , . d graoeeea i Loeovexlxg i 

Lone* © negfitii tely 

eOTel -hin a few hours " en ; :oroen* 

tseln ndo In accordance with the ia ion thus 

shown r- re o. o prooese by which the pietur 

.1 la e csreftUly aeoret, the invention of a Gerrm 

. oeed of the eaceiueiYe t b to the 
Oer*nen (-rnracnt ©hoi go. 

nr claeaes of i lea have heon tuie torcnt 

i. ooe aret 

•avy a. 

2. :i or Hand Ore 



- B - 

■\vi-'.:-i^..v:t io^ i U o (. t inued ) 

I3i© firat eX&ftti ere I ^cci , rolling etCM , 

bridgfea, £i i &nd all ol&a in- 

due , ie, etc. .re 

.nd. et\n only le a&n . i >a, 

.x aecGntl £3 re tr.sed I , D m : - » &a 

'. r&i#e . t or tare! - ;. i 

..liiojQ trains and eo 

lea, i te< - o^x ,:.od by 1 

y t or :I ^P0i 

4 ground! tares > nfl oogr&lft, t- 

work for purposes of ; . 

*".... I eoiapaol nd are 

A eg ,tc- • U0G Xl' . l$a« 

.e third ela&B arc ua$& for the .... ©| a 

i fl eapcoi in oil i , . . , g inters, 

ittL of 1 . Ifibl60« 

•th /. " re used -principal .. D a, 

fe also . nst Other air e and asanmeii & vuricty of 

11 1 ; eiiire ahall, eieei pta and 

irons anaeti .. .ad fc cuttir. ie~ 

work asut win . tearing e&4 rij i ring rial -ad 

8, is I, e is ■ ttly very little used if 

C >ly to the oii'fiouity of hil I . "Br- 

ag alrcra.' . . s y»r one. fi&ite Of it 

ait en received . aa ii LI the air ka1 ■ '5, 

eed . 
rat e ly 

in y; $e, it ■ txally weighs i . . 

kilos nd it el , glol; p, idrioal or 00 1* 

It exploaed ;:. 1 a#l . . rod by 

. , eo . a I ro f es not 

. ox act, i-ut i en I 6 ■■: are oi t; 

ad r end velocit u I . ..o 

of le si&e e&4 rie&l jU e. II «ii ile& la 

it ; in the air with a . mi wide cone ;>f 

vies troo. s or ei wA it* o 

■•■ craft nufit i . .• -.j . 

ore Are pin la bo..;b tor it tc 
It is I . I is eurus., ;er ifl 

s oi h£j*« :? feora o: 

hea\'y beml the -. le ia eylindj 

pe «rith •- conical peint . it is £■•' 1 es 

. ;.l of ateei. in t] 
riooe le ^ •■■■oivc , r«ei rloiiret olttol , ..irefi 

a | on if • 

iOV burn; . . ',...., . • . ULy < . ocd of 

»u iter « oil • 

of 1. v i, It ^ £Jfe& &t a 

>^, e e Li Xi rod i: . 
CLaxke elxioh oi ciemgeroua to a ^aa-fill* 

Ana upon 
'■ ited r- 

aal joint, ao t i roj le oan t 

is the 1 ve 

projectile .oas ; . io It le 

at i con 

.: 15 < otuida • though boxtb ( s la n 



» p — 



■ww«« 



11 and local, tee be£&8 11 

^ J tsel±% : . 

Oj ■ ■•'' liftl - : 

% hsad* 

4 at o-- 1 ;. - ' a of ^ &s ; 

5 Ion I/£S ot&r, lo&i • 

0. It : - : ~.ea a tall -.•.:.: 

rlst ®$ - I . • • 

rotate He* l - is o. 

Lb8« 

I® tho COttOii ?ow- 

ho: &yo« Li £3. inches long, is i ly 

. . . 
. , - g . » u3 -..: rlee - : ■■.:dve 

■ ■ , s I . ; Itij ; atoLuoi. 

: i 3 1/2 canoes. Si -I steel b»Ui i ■ xn£ 6 lbs* 

lon. itlo: I is not &rm$& ,e iv 

nor ! - rpl fijQ * 

of Pt« li - . ed to i uu be Ubil t&ej* o«~ 

.,.&;& to the bo-i, . £ortb is 

... j| tf E3§ i::Ctiu.a Is e ,iven the 

- .id erfe 3 , u ' I 

is ao itiTI ; - '■'■•- WplPfM ©J *e 

to : st OTen on , r, 

I ■ 
de o. if £be i ■';:; ia str< Lie t 

air-craft , or 1 vioieuMy to 

ecc^r, ejg Ui« boi ily be 

Lie' i i e &4a i be 

high -da, 12 ,. . i v. ^s 

I C of | '3 ■-. . o It 

in I . ■- . . i« 

o. 

:usy of , dLeeile is the 
&« .'..to OXt is&'-'b 11 

.i o£ a , i* 

.' ? or. e , as n , ■-. fe is 

at iSe 
d »k ■ i , r, 

t. ; l '.o 

i -' ' ' rda «*d mi 

nm« n i of 

■ . . ad a: 

bottom, . t- 

I . 
an • 

i effective* 

<l, • s ft- 

■ i , t ' • ■ 1 

i Juries • 

Another air ■viiosiie is the i:1re fiart 1'or Ir- 

ani .a. It is II i3 long, "' 1/6 hee thick and i 

1/5 ooundu* It pt« 

be a e stout ■ needle. , it t in 

io&l . :ition by e .. of & little sore* r 



■ 

it0 - ■:■■' , ..... ' ■ 

.re .< i@3 o«e 

to « .. « ■ . '. eld I I by G :. 

:■■ ■ .. ■ i zmzi& the 

a* . tJa lirs in. 

i . . . _ 

: 

— H ill J M W ■■ I M i ■ !■! .» W W ^ .w —rt t H < M «»i«» l M 

. : b*£ ■<. ' % \ V . —1 3M 

a. "a. 

LYth f - . ' .. bt 

■j oc Pell ••<■?. i 

: • ;. . ! .. l! led ( ' |j 

the ■ t, & dieS oJ mrvlw a 

- 

i v t :.' ' k on 

.$ *. ! .: -■ .... 

;■ - I '.no, or; the it 

.:...■ , ■ | loao, i iftMR 

-4, l ...ceo^ 1 £ ...;:......, on 

■.'-■:■, \ In, er 

mr &t c lent ■-♦ 

. to ; . ■ ~©d . 

• :' . . 19, . .,;. ana 

, 1918 * t*n v,.j . . ©reap 

■ In the , • >a on 

' ' j »2 t. 

ezt« rea their 

It *iall; 

ncr up to . , ltU p if . il« 3 






/