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■ n 

APRIL 1915 







-»-vunuuil J 

Access/an Year 

Not to ba take i 



To be returned 

^t-ac^ttpTt^ T* 1 " DOD'MEtfO OF Z MAY 1972, SUBJ: 
^ 'TOW OF Mil R^COhDo 

_i)a/)4cafc 1^ - 

and. H&J&Diill^-BARBARCSi'.They art quite ?3»<3s£%ty golUg to try to sur- 
prise the Russian Fleet, which had "been "bombarding points on the Anatol- 
ian Coast, at different times, for several days until larch 31. 

(j) I OH unable to learn definitely exactly the injuries 
for which the BT2L9MT 3SLE-: (•x-OOBBEN) was undergoing repairs at 3 tenia, 
hut know, among other things, she was seriously holed^at ,and helow,the 
vmter line. While in Stenia she was kept surrounded by Torpedo 3oats, 
and other snail Turkish craft, and the vicinity was guarded. Several 
divers are known to have been irking on her.lTo guns were ever removed 
from her and sent on shore, a3 was rumored at one time. 

2. Black Sea. 

(kjOn the morning of :'arch 23, about a dozen Russian 
6 v ips,ei^ht,or alna, large, and three, or four, smal 1 ,, appeared off the 
Black Sea entrance of the 3osphorr.?,^nd heavy smoke WftfB "p°n beyond 
them. They bombarded the entranoe fro- 9.oo a.-:., till 10.00 a.m.Roumeli 
r/ak lighthouse ( n European side) was slightly injured, and Anatelj 

rak (.' sia side) lighthouse, forts, and town near it, received injuries. 
It has boon impossible to ascertain exact dlttaajS (Sena yetftmt it was 
not, in any way,serioU3. Three Turkish tor e do boats, which were on patrol 
iff the entrance when the Russian Fleet ap{. eared, re treated into the 
Bosphorus at full speed, aid one of them ran into, or made a poor landing 
at, a small OhirtWt (3osphorus pasm.nger-boat ) wharf , be twen Therapia 
and Buyukedere, injuring wharf considerably, and it is repotted .also the 
torpedo boat somewhat. 

(1) Heavy gunfiring,in d5 recti on of the Black 3ea,was 
heard on the 8G0B*XOff t at different tl^es t noarly every day 
from ;, r .arch 28 to I'arch 31 ,ln*lasi ve. 

(m) The fallowing official statement was issued i'arch SI, 

(translation) :- 

'T,arch 31 ,1915:-Yeoterday the Russian Fleet, 
despite having launched tvs thousand shots 
against Zongouldak, j* ;^-li,and Coslou,on the 

Country, ......... ....... . Turkey. Port* Constantinople. 

Report from u. s. 3. scori ic it. 2?eed not, be returnee » 

Date of Report....... ./pril 5,1915. - • --■. ... ■ L y^ 

* ■ rrsr-rr WS 

1. Situation at Constantinople. 

(a} There has been large movemiint| of troops in the 
vicinity of Constantinople and thru the streets, at different tiroes, 
during the last t T <so weeks, and it is believed they are being sent to 
the Dardanelles, but this is not certain. Several hundred troops have 
been seen marching thru Tophane into Stamhoul at about 8. CO p.m. , on 
tvso occasions during the past week. 

(b) The only coal coming in here now is small quanti- 
ties on camel back from Zongaidak. 

(c) The supply of gasoline in the city is very small, 
t^ers is no sere ooraln^ in. 

(d) Gold is now at an exchange of frfcia #4*25 to $4.30 
to the Turkish pound, for American draft a. Its actual value is $4*404 
per Turkish pound. This rate is due to the desire of many Greeks, and 
ethers ,t#io have hoarded gold, to gat their aoisay into Amerloa. 

(e) all the larger Turkish ships wei'e laying in the 
Golden Bora, or port outside .undergoing drills and, apparently, minor 
repair work, until April l,when they went up the Bosphoras* 

(f ) 4 patrol of Turkish gunboats is maintained every 
night between Seraglio point and Scutari. These run without lights. 

(g) I searchlight, at Scutari, is also played -cross to- 
ward Seraglio point every night. She at s, apparently, watch the il- 
luminated section particularly. , 

(h) The German steamship GSFiiHAI" t tied up at Tophane 
7/harf, which has been in use as a sort of unofficial flagship of the 
German Vice-admiral Scuchon recentl£,has apparently been using bwe 
lights to serve for navigational purposes for the patrolling gunboats, 
or something lately, aa regular flashes are made continuously, at regular 
interval 8, dm ing the night. 

(i) The repairs on the SULTAN SSL3B (ex-GO 13 "^T), which 
have base going on for some time, were completed fca the past we^.k,and 
she left 3tenia,at nocn,ipril l,and stood out into the Black Sea, ac- 
companied ^y the MIBULI ( ; HEMA J3I SH;I.: 8£ JIDT 3H; K B gSg 

Country. ......... Turkey* 

Heport from U.3.S.3CCEPICK. 

Date of Report* . ... ..April 5,1915* 

Sage 2. 
Port* • , . , Constantinople. 

coast of the Black Sea, re tired to the 
If 9 d v without having succeeded in effect- 
ing any important damage* Only several 
houses were destroyed, and some m ahonnes 
(small native barges) were sunk; The 
aviators, that the enemy had flying dur- 
ing the "bombardment, were repulsed "by our 
/aa matter of fact the Russian Fleet probably bombarded the various 
Turkish towns, and ports mentioned, during the days shots were heard, 
(from Sarah 28 - 31, inclusive)* 
&«Ucur&£tu*. M As rep6rted above the Turkish Fleet, including the 

ffTjyFErSrl (ex-Goeben) stood cut into the Black Sea at noon,April 1. 

(o) I Rnfldift patrol of torpedo boats is maintained at 
Black Sea entrance of 3osphorus,day and night, 

(p) I am informed, by reliable source, that the coal mines 
and ??praratus,railways,&c. ,at Zongaldak have been really serlnnsly dam- 
aged, and that there is very little chance of an?/ more coal being receiv- 
ed in Constantinople for some a time. 

3» Dardanelles* 

(q) .'11 foreign and native civilians were sent from the 
region of the straits a month ago* 

(r) It is admitted that the outer forts,Kum-Kale and 
Sad -el -Bohr, were destroyed in the recent bo mbar Omenta, and that part of 
the outer mine field was successfully swept* 

(s) /. s mentioned in last Heport, the American Ambassador 
made a more, or less,mysterious^£rip to the Dardanelles recently ,but has 
given out no information, except that the sinking of the BCU73T,and cer- 
tain British ships thoro,was effected by gunfire, and not by mines* 

(t) Several well informed Turkish officials and paroon- 
ages, (non-mi li tar yj have stated freely in the Constantinople Club here, 
that the damage to the above ships was accomplished largely by recently 
placed guns of medium caliber (5 inchj &a) ;and some German officers 
here, including Field Marshall Von der Goltzfbefore he left for Berlin^ 
/ide de Camp to the Sultan, are quoted in the local news sheets as having 
said they had "shown people something new,in demonstrating the effic- 
iency of 3mall caliber guns in harbor defence, even against armored ships". 
It is known that some meditsn caliber guns had been removed from the 
Turkish battleship HU3::>tIDIIiH,before it was sunk December 13, and presum- 
ably mounted on shore;and it is generally believed (but not verified) 
here that quite a number of additional similar guns have been transport* 
ed there and placed recently* 

(u) /n official Imperial Irade,published in the local 
paper3,T'arch 28, announced the creation of a new Array Corps, to be kncwn 
aa the 5th, ,cc~pcsed of the various military forces engaged in the 
defense of the .Dardanelles, and the ajypoint-ent of Li man Pasha (Liman von 
Sanders, a Gorman Cf^ ice r), formerly in command of the First Array Oorps, 
(at Constantinople), as Corvander of the new Corps*/ 11 Turkish troops, 
on the Bulgarian frontier ,have been moved to the jar ^anolles, except t 
fifteen thousand at Adrianople* 

(l } The Turkish official reports state that their aviators 
fly out over the Allies' ships, drop bombs on same, and survey injured ships 
of allies, in harbors of various Greek Islands &c. It is belioved there 
really are two, or three, Turkish aeroplanes there. 

(w) nothing has been heard, or reported, of any Turkish, or 
the alleged imported German submarine s, during the past month. 

(ft) There has been no be bardie at ttt Jam ^nell es since 
the sinking of the KBTO and the two British ships on Parch 15 . u^ul <<4>ul 2, 

(y) / Turkish 9>™taiLAjHd*7hb1 ran out of the Jrnianolles and 
to Smyrna, some time ago, as reported below under " Smyrna " . 


Country, ...,,.•,,,, Turks y. 

Be port from fca*3.3a0BPX0Ii 

Date of Ha port April 5.1915. 


I-age 3. 
£ort» ....Constantinople. 

4» Smyrna. 

(z) I on informed by an absolutely reliable American, previous- 
ly mentioned, who has just returned from a business trip to Smyrna, that the 
letter, sent, so me time ago, by the British Muted tc IBs© Vail there, was con- 
sidered as a bluff and joke by the Turks /^euL , 

faa) 'The same reliable American saw,with his orm eyes, the 

nsnticnecl SlbnVA flrfMrtVl Annua .-Wto fmw 4->ift Ti«i 1 .^*««"n »_ ^-i. 

frt) I hars boon farmer lnfem»& t 'by t&S reliable business 
tr lean mentioned above, that .3.1.1 the schools, he." i :^1 3, churches, (includ- 
mc}, in Smyrna, ar-.* flying ll-ac^: and. "dhlta crossrP flsgs;he did not 
recollect exact design. 

recollect exact design. 
5« Miscellaneous. 

(ac) I havs beer. tcld,by high American officials hore,tbat-, 
tbftj_j2g-ya b^er! n.-, 'i n t fcbai, the tafelah fleet ,~'frich Trent eut,Pprill,is going 
to 'Take s raid on Odessa. 

{igl) r large as oaoer of Bng£i8Braan f ^be 'ted bean engaged in. 
the telephone company herd,"»era recently dispossessed and star feed toward 
JedaagatcluAt the frontier they were held up hcwev9r,a«d returned, i-.pril 2, 
they started agsin,and were again held up at the fro atl or; but they were 
finally allowed to tranepirea* they were probably !isl d up and de- 
layed on account o£ the Turkish Fleet going out into the Black Sea about 
thi3 ti e (reported above ^?. r hich it was desired to keep a0 secret *s pos- 
sible, (af) The Turks have been making; large number of shoes for 
the Army at 3 tenia, during iho past three months, v.-'-iicJ are simply riveted, 
and not sewn or stitched* The ac VP9 often seen on troops marching through 
the straets* They have, apparently, produced no ill effects. 

(ag) The wrapped leggings, 7/1 th which the Turkish Aray is 
provided, appear unsatisfactory, They se^i to be ridi-p? \ip shove the shoes, 
in practically all cases when men are observed marching, 








JFIDENTIAL Havy bbpaHtisjit 

State Dept. fords, do a patch V7ashingtoh,D.C. 
Sub joe t: from Ambassador to Herman? ro 

conditions. April G, 191F. 

Memorandum for Office of Javal Intelligence „ 


Referred. Please return to Operations after making 
contants known confidentially to the C-eneral Board and .ar 

(SG))} !,A.Jtttt]OU 

1st indorsement* .pril 7, 1916 

Fron: \ettng Director of Haral Intelligence. 
To: General Board* 

( &m ) H. H. WHITTLESEY. 

2n* Endorsement, G.B.lIo. 4£9-£. April 3, 1915. VH/K 

FROM: Secretary general Beard; 

TO: Division of Operations, ttA Haval Wax College, 

SUBJBCTj State department forwards dospr.teh from Ambassador 

to Gerrarny re conditions. 

Returned, by direction of the General Beard; contents 
noted. Attention is invited to the comment of tne Aid for 

(sgjj) s.h.campbell. 

580-9-138 3rd Endorsement. ..pril 9, 1915. 

FROM: President, loTal War College. 
TO: iirvy Department (Operations) 


State Department forwards despatch from J. S. 
Ambassador to ^emtirrj re conditions. 

1. lie turned; contents noted. 


Need not be returned. 

SUBJECT German submarine U 29 - imported loss. 

From yi, ...No 62. Bate 6 April f 191 8 

Replying to O.N.I. No. Date , 191 

The Admiralty recently reported that they "had 
reason to "believe" that the German submarine U 29 had been 

The details were as follows - The Grand I'leet was 
steaming in two parallel columns somewhere off the fCast coast 
of Scotland; The U 29 got between the columns and fired two 
torpedoes at the Iron T>ake f both ftf which missed, apparently 
neglecting the second column she was showing her periscope, 
probably trying to see result of shots, when the Vroadnought 
sheered from second column and rammed her. The U 29 was 
lifted to the surface by the bow of the tread nought, and 

oarently rolled completely over, far as known the 

eadnought suffered no damage. 


(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900.) I"- 




.MAY l 



From Z No 1R9 Date ifenj Attril 6, 1915* , 191 

Heed not be returned. 

Replying to O. N. I. No Date ., 191 


All German officers entering the city of 
Brussels are required to register their name, station and reasons 
for coning to Brussels in a book and are then handed a copy of 
the order appended and translated. 

Brussels is less than two hours from the front 
by automobile and has all the attraction of a larpe city including 
a very pray night life. 

Recently the Governor General issued orders to 
check the nuuber of officers whd> would come -Prom the lines on 
comparative trivial excuses. 


«■ . ^ -■.-.■ I ^. H^ .l-. M » — ■■«■■■ — -41. .. I l ll . ll II— ■■■■! I H I ■ ■ m m ■—■ ■■» -«■ !■— Ill*l - ll— ■«* 

Orders . 

1. Office of Business: Governors Office, rue de la loi 
No. 3 and 6 - Government rue de la loi No. 8 ♦ - 
Governor General, rue d© la loi No. 10. 

3. Military hospitals:- Military Hospital III, Hospital 

Sohaerbeok - Military Hospital II, Palais des Academies - 
Military Hospital I, Avenue de la Couronne, - Military 
Hospital IV, Baudoin Barracks, - Military Hospital V, 
Pare Royale ( Theatre Royal). 

3. Sleeping Accortmodation s: See special orders put up at 
the R.R. depots. 

*• Uniform : Open overcoat for officers prohibited. Gloves 
to be worn. 

5. Salutations. Street discipline must be stronrly enforced. 
Officers will salute each other mutually and not wait for 
the first salute. Salutations on the part of subordinates 
as well as from the Belgian police will be returned under 
all circumstances. 

6. The use of the street cars is free to officers. More than 
10 military parsons are not permitted to enter one car. it 
the same time. 

7. The greatest reservation will be observed in conversations 

in restaurants, street cars, etc. 

8. Enlisted men will have to be in their quarters at in 
the evening, non-comuissioned officers ( below Feldwebel) 
First Serreant at 10 in the evening. 


- 3 - 

9. The closing hour ( Police Hour) for all restaurants, 
places of amusements' and stores has been fixed 
at 11 in the eve ning. 

10. Tirae is the Middle European ( an hour later than 
the Belgian). 

11* Police. 

(a) Street Police • Is carried out as far as the 
civilian population is concerned "by the Belrian 
Police Officials. All military persons will have 
to rive them their assistance if asked for. 

(b) .Military Police. The Military Police is carried 
out by patrols of the garrison which have as a 
distinctive mark the word »Poliaei tt on their collar* 
They carry besides cards of identification. They 
are also policing the saloons and restaurants. Their 
orders will have to be carried out unconditionally 
by all milifc&ry persons, also officers. 

13. The acceptance of Belgian money cannot be refused. 
It has the rate of 1 Mark = 1.35 francs. 

13. Taking of photographs of R.R. depots, barracks, on 
the streets and squares is prohibited. 

14. Entrance to the Royal castles is prohibited. Museums 
are open without charge from 10 in the forenoon until 
3 in the afternoon. 

15. Female relatives of Barman officers, officials, 
non-commis3ioned officers and men are not remitted 
within the territory of the Belgian General 

1 6 » German houses of business are to preferred in making 
purchases. A list of the same is posted in the 
R.R. depots. 

17 '• It is prohibited to walk with females of the demi- 
monde in uniform on the streets or to sit with 
them in restaurants and other public places. 

18 » Places for bathing :- 

Rue de Moniteur 10a ( in the vicinity of 
Garrison Headquarters ) 

Rue de la Montagne aux Herbes Potageres 39 
( in the vicinity of the Main Post Office) 

The Commander of the Garrison 
Freiherr von Strachwitz 




t K 



Office of Naval Intelligence, 

April 7, 1915. 

* « * JU- * -» J 

No. 672 

Embassy q£ the Suited states of Aiftej&ica, 

Berlin, ^larch 11, 1915. 

To the Honorable 

fhe Secretary of State, 
Washington, I). 0. 



Ith reference to the Department * 3 telegram Ho. 1208 of 
ry 17, 1915, ana* to the Bmbassy^s telegraphic reply Ho. 
1648 of February 19, 1915, regarding the military and economic 
condition of Germany, I have the honor to report further as 
follows : 

The Chief of the General Staff has stated to the Mili- 
tary Attache of the Embassy that no one knows the exact number 
of German soldiers under arms$ that if anyone knew it he would 
know it and that he knows it only approximately* ■ It can he 
estimated that there are four million men with the armies on 
rious fronts and that two million more are in the bar- 
racks and throughout the territory now occupied by the . Ger- 
mans. It is stated that eighty to eighty-eight per cent of 
the wounded return to auty with their regiments. The losses 
of Germany and Austria-Hungary together tounted, the Smperor 
Informed the Military Attache, to about 1,500,000, The German 
losses in men not able to return to the front are <y 

450,000 to 500,000, Ihere are irery many Lan hi Ions 

and Landwehr corps, and Land ti "m b rid ■ ■< gii 

a q re i ; :jc battalions of L \ called "Arb< ' - i t- 

ftillon3 w . Very many oi the o] s a 

.. on the llnee of communic ttJ m a id Ln th* ooc i eua- 
my'f3 country. 




' Jl 3 n 

' IS 

- 2 - 

As regards the commissar iat , there are ample 
everywhere for the troops, who are ted better, as far as one 
08» judge, at the front, than they are; in time gf peace. The 
clothing; is excellent and ample. Ihsffj is furnished by the 
Government is largely supplemented "by gifts from the people. 
These gifts are handled in the same systematic manner that the 
Government supplies for the Army are handled and the troops 
have lacked nothing that is necessary. At times, for a cay 
CMP twe may have been some shortage for particular units 
bn.t those occasions have probahly ho en rare. 1'he troops have 
everywhere appeared to be in %'c.e best of health end there is 
said to be a smaller percentage of sickness at the front than 
in garrisons in time of peace* The supply of arms and ammun- 
ition is also assple* it must also he tahen into consideration 
•that large quantities of arms have "been captured, especially 
machine guns , and these as well as the artillery guns have 
he en used "by the Germans. | 

As regards copper, there are old mines in Germany which 
were abandonee on. account of the costs of getting out the 
copper, which mines can be re-opened, fhere are copper mines 
tea Bejpium and in the part of France occupied by the Germans. 
In addition, a thorough account is said to have been made of 
the amOTBit of copper in the horses, etc., throughout Germany 
and it was found that there is a suffioi ant Quantity of copper 
to last two more years, if it .is necessary to call on the 
people +o give that to the Government an was clone a few months 
since as regards woolen articles. 

hat strides one most forcibly is the careful economy 
practiced by the German authorities in saving everything on 
the field of battle - everything beloa to the wound a, 

everything that can be al in vrr. Mj articles, of every 

description, are pi-Ved up, sent back, sorted and then utilised. 
For instance, clothing; is disinfected, washed, repaired, 


- 3 - 
pressed and re-is sued, thhis is ft wonderful saving in itself. 
So many field kitchens have "been captured froin the Rus- 
sians that almost all of the German troops now have them, 
hereaa In the beginning of the Far the infantry and foot 
artillery only h:& wheeled field kitchens* All old iron is 
picked up and sent "back. £hc most careful requisitioning has 
been made in the enemy's country occupied by the German troops. 
Threshing machines nave boon sent to the front and wheat aiid o 
other grain threshed out "by or v^qt the direction of the Ger- 
man soldiers, when quantities of it mere found. 

?heoo nrce merely sited sts instances of the care that is 
tan not bo waste anything tvhioh may he useful in the pros- 
miion of the war. 

r'his year's annual drafting of new men for the Army cer- 
tainly ^oull more than haVd replaced the losses that haye been 
guflfereci by the Germans and the scry ices of the larger propor- 
tion of the volunteers has not yet been accepted bf the Gov- 
ernment . 

• thi Army represents better than anything else the 
frOple, it is extremely interest:] 113 to see hoy in every 
octal branch there arc a great many experts in that branch 
rltvii''3 and ready to perform the worm required. Shis all 
tends 'O economy and efficiency* there seems to be ebno- 
lutely no personal JStriVittg tar crsonal regard, rvery man 
is per^fo'rming the duty assigned to hite to the test of hia 
ability wheri he may to end whatever may ho <■ that 

■ begi of tic mar or tiow holds. 

<- ' eal tfas '< een learned by the Germans during these 
\ nt. ■; "v.' 1 i of all that esrper- 

I in 1 new as " i ■■ 1 bl old men. 

egards the fleet, Germany hi i rroi- 

pal nave!! ce st intaci Fl BY mm a vfliiCh have been 

lost bave been generally of nicer types or scouting vessels. 

- 4 - 
The Bsprit de Corps of the nairaJ sermee is of the very high- 
est and the skill enterprise amd daring have been at all times 
of the best . 

The submarine service has been largely increased and has 
shown itself to "be a very powerful weapon of offensive war- 
fare Inst ESngland. 

as the German battle fleet was somewhat loss than half 
that of England at the beginning of the war, it could hardly 
be Mcpeoted that it could engage the enemy against such heavy 
odds* At the same time the fleet is ire 11 prepared and should 
opportunity occur, will he heard from,;. 

tie tine 1 has not yet come to judge of the effectiveness 
of the blockade of England. There can he little doubt, how- 

■ , that it will seriously affect England^ commerce and 
probably will very much raise the cost of living in England 
if not bringing about actual hunger* 

The personnel of the German Navy is believed to consist 
at tie present time of about one hundred and fifty thousand 
men of all tranches. 

For details of ships in oo ©mission, etc., the files of 
thi office of Kaval Intelligence should he consulted . 

the superior allied fleets have completely ? riven Gcr- 
•n merchant hipe from the seas and for the present the care- 
fully built up and splendidly equipped German Merohant ser- 
vi ce is o omplet ely paralysed . 

Enormous losses have been sustained in the commercial 
eire 1 es of Germany rouj h the stopping of commerce znd. the 
confiscation, or interning of so manv shins lying in the one- 
's harbors or on the high seas at the onthreak of the war, 

: 'ever H Koleos the enterprise , . .'• r ^ lA spl ,r sys- 

tem under which the German merchant fleet ■■ up, remain 

aliYe end it may confidently he expeoted that Pe rs af- 

ter this war the German mer t fleet will ho again occupying 

- 6 - 

one of the leading positions on the ^oas . 
1 Lave the honor zo he, Sir* 

Yo-jr c he a I e ' tt 3 er van 1 1 

(signed) James W* Gerard. 



(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, .900.) Need flOt bC retUVUed. 

AM 83 1S1D ^ 



/™» Z M> Ill Date A P ril ?.J 19l5 r 

., #/ 

Replying to O. N. 1. No Date 


f ollows:- 

The loss of this boat is officially admitted as 

M U 39 n Probably Lost. 

Official. Berlin, April 7, 1915. 

H.M. Submarine «• U 3 9 » has not returned from her last 
enterprise. According to an information of March 26, 
emanating from the British Admiralty, it is said that 
the boat with the whole crew had been sunk. The boat 
must therefore be considered as lost. 

The Aetirtg Chief of the Admiralty Staff 
( Sip.) Behncke. H 

Her comiander Otto f iddUin 
<va<? a national hero in Germany and had he survived would have ^one 

far in the German Navy. 

Tne following appreciation is written by 

Captain P e r s i u s :- 

n Hot quite unexpected comes the news 
o-p mourning. Several days ago the British Admiralty 
reported that they had reason to believe that " U 39 " 
had been destroyed. The name of W e d d i n e n makes 
the destruction es ecially painful. ^ecVUp-en coiimanded, 
before assuming co; : :and of • Tr 39 " , the M U 9 u , the 
boat whose deed,destroydrtgon the 33d of September 1914 
the English armored cruisers "CRESSY", «AB0UKIR» , . and 
■HOCHJI!*, will always be written in golden letters as one 
of the mo3t glorious in our naval history. And on the 
15th ef October Veddigen succeeded with tt U 9 » again to 
sink another English warship, the M HAWKE M . Following 
t .is successful activity in the destruction of enemy 
warship material a no less successful period in the trade 
war set in. Our thoughts accompanied Weddigen on his 
last trips with special expectations. " U 19 M was 
larger, faster, and better armed than M u 9 » . Thus 
with pride we heard of the different successful attacks 
on English merchant ships , " r ar from her home base, in the 
Irish Sea. Thus far he went and spread terror to the 
British shipping. It was especially gratifying to us 
to hear of the recognition of the friendly and humane 
conduct of V/eddiren on the part of the crews of torpedoed 
ships. As man and hero waddigen will live in our thoughts 
forever. He was adored by his men who followed him 
willinfly into death. They did not hesitate to reoocni7,e 
in him their leader in life and death. 

— *} — 

We have followed his career ^rith pride and 
admiration. But the thought has naver left us 
that to him also will eone sorae day a very quick 
qw\* To the last breath Wed<U#»n and his brave 
crew of ■ U 99 * have done their duty. They will 
never be forrotten. 

L. Persius. tt . 



Need not be returned, 
»#•• Const :sn tinople f &c« 

Country.. ..Turkey. Port* 

Export from . n ♦ 

Date of ■• rt. Ajftl 12,2 915. 

-C"C— 0— C— 0—0— C .■— 0"C— C— 0— C— C -O— 0-0-0— 0—0— C—O—C — 0— C— 0— 0— ' - ~ —t — o -c -o -c -c — 






BlasJte 3oa : 

T&TTfficial Turkish termini qua*/-, pril 4,191 5, (translation} *- 
"jurin? tho cruise R&ds yes tarda y by cur 

flest in tho Yloinlty of the Gulf of 

Odessa, tro larijo Russian ships raw a?. 
rcYid«nt M ,200C tons,aa& ''Vaatoohnai'- 3 

2ifterda",16C'0 tons, ware sundk with tho j#> , 
oar rocs, by our Host, and their crews 

isonora* u(j 

Surin/* this actionem* amall cruiser " // 
•^edjidijSi", which was pursuing enemy miua 
swoners in the vicinity of J&at ctoh*3oov, 
struck a rai no and sank i&ila a® WHtt&ittg 
the enemy's coast* 

Thi3 accident was caused by a mine plm$& 
"by the Bussians to dofcs&d fee j.-crta of Hic- 
elsieff and Odeasa,and their cor. sots* / 

The orex of the "iadjidtatt* were aarad by 
the other Ot f -owsn ^sr ship© ns?r*3!he barring 
of tho 9V9V of this r.hip,aunk in its saored 
itflitasy *nty,£orits the finest aiftagp* 

She breech blocks cf tho gtma 0*^. taws' tho 
above cruiser wore entirely removed, and the 
ship itself dastroyed by moans of torpedoes, 
to j-rovont nil possibility of its being ro- 
ll oated by tho essay** 
(b) From n Turkish Cffioaiyafeo ca-e from QgpMl (BEatft Sit 
entrance ftf Bosr-horna) ,/pril 7,- 
"Ruasian Sleet has boon of-- the 31. 
entrance for tthg last three wks, being sen, 
cr 2 arts of It hewing boon saon v nssrly ovary 
day and r.ig£ht,at different tines, during this 
periodV-s many 84 thirty-five nuialsn vessels, 
total ,ef different kinds, aro reported to have 
be: n seen on one occasion. 

Russian Sle:. t has bfcsrfbsntod different points 
along the coast, at different tiros, during this 
:eriod,and xut former battery of fcwalve ic-cm 

(4-inch j guns at Ovale {Anatolian sid&) out of 
00 ^ris si en, injured 1 ouses there, and also 

injured some buildings c-i Anatolian side. 

There ore trjc taaronlights installed at '3otsJc, 
one 09 each side,^hich arc tog • .slaving every 
nirht,et pro sent, across entrance*! xatrol of 
tor 9ds gBRboafti is a3 so maintained there. 
an the TUrfcish Float wont out, on, or around 
rll let., the nmWLl (ex-:r H, 

and another ship, and six ooel vessels, took I 
oourso along 1 tho /natolisn const, rod tho JUSttJf- 
I (02-Cr ), . ' I,and two tordedo g«ft- 

boats (destroyers) tock course a! uropean 

oo.iat*3ho P.usr»ian Fleet aproftrod f and tha Turlciah 

■ on /natolian route, ptXDXI.TX,!! ' and on- 

other) , re turned sofely,but nothing further has 
bo.n soon of tho six ooal ▼ossela.Tho 
roturnod soon aftory/arls and na.To signal at tho ' 
entrance, that sho hod been torpedoed, end &o 1!J£D4 
JUIJI nd tc Wkiab -nnboats wore lost.lJoerl;/ 
tho crows of all three ships surrtc ware Icst.'Choy 
wow sunk by rrunfiro|r>nd tho ] J wrs—toji — 

< '•-•' aTs n t ?*iln " . TTin n h put fr^ i nt -T i n ^r- t) v o 


Page 2. 

Coventry* Tur'co y# Plnoe* Constantinople , &c . 

Roi ort iv ia & g, .,...; J •;: It II. 
jat© of BqptfHb *•• Jprll 1«;,1915» 

2he SULSkH-^Lr:, aw «• Steuia,oan now use 
only forward tro pHStttBS li very eerie usly 
injured, and will bo unable to go cut again 
fcr - long tim* 

ill foreigners wore sent out of Boiooa said 
vicinity sorse tirae e£D««a$ aor-.e newor ^ana 
are "beinjr* novod fror there to f Cavcfc»l!heee 
are four 20 era (11 inch) and eight 15 en 
(6 inch) guns* There sit alao Turkish troops 
staticned 9 at different Dlaoes,all Ot&&& ooast 
from Bulgarian boundary to 3firaaou,on 'natollan 

3ovsr»l 80 on (11 inch) guns, in Goldtn libra, 
are also being rotten ready, for ftbipsent to 
JJBPdonellQa#Tcc} tyPKQflperss are mltlng inside 
now to take them, and t" . ve erpeeted to 01 
in a day or na» 

The BaJfflaJlOSa* has r?on*s $cm to fiffi^mSl es H , 
The above fcufelan Of' loor ran tienod, from ^ish above was 
obtained* also said 

"The Tu P ? ? a nev-?r do SBSytfoiag Ul < too late" 
Ho seonaad quite leaalrciatie* 
(o) ^oept as reyifdn ghs ^*inn rar: tioned ,and te S&SBM I 
bein$ at Jardenal1ea T tha a tat err out a of .rofc-var M &■*• s^MW 
boon oonfimed f*w thro? indco nt source, including Gar- 
i»an sailors t and certain Ottoman aubJeotG* 
(d) It 1b known -positively aoa» of H a &tt*kia1 ileott was not 
out of I oaiborus woro th«r» |vvrip*4bW hours, and none of 
thoa inore than ttyfcw&ap-a, except tho ansa &tiil out#*;so they -J%& 
oculd hardly havo,7been at Cdoasa#1!ho SQtf&S-aj&BS had 
going all the way down frora Belaob to 3t.}til&,v0ien returning, 
and still have them coinr* all t 1% o tine, in 8tea£e*/ 'Turkish 
gunboat otocd dom So4phcnt6,08 lasts data,wit?< foreraat and 
one ftuioel Blss£ag,s&d wont into Golden Soro# 

2» ^ erdaa^ lj^eaf. 

(e) I S Informed ,*« ibliows^by i *eltaela km ioan,andljai ert- 
«nt buainaaa ««,*<) has t 1ua| returned ftfff li Island of Ten- 

w the jantjiiab have takai peeseeelea of f. 

Efttndfasd ha-we, until recently, had a iMMfl 
nuborof troops thereabout the first \ 
April they all embark®;!, about fori/ thousand 
(4C,CCO in all, and all the troops md »Mps, 
both f ioft# ft»y said thoy -ivere ©oin^» to 3gypt, 
to ] ut ootfti disor'Jornjbnt it was «urrr)Ooted,^t 
*?on.4os,thoy nifrht be SOiH0 to atton^t • sur- 
i-riae landinr on tfca Itert set soi^owhsre H # 

(f) Aa a tat aft abovo,a lur'clah Of f icer ha a mM thftt aev«ir^l 
28 en (11 inch} £una are beftaj ft.r ir\Nafer to the 
Jardanslleft.Tnia ia tmconflr~ed* 

'• Opnat^ntlnoplei, 

{%) The Gerrana 53 ^er-.nn synfAthlatn ho?u aeom to bo boeon- 
ln/D? mcro noo8iriatio#3avoral Gor-an buainoan n&n and rasidonts 
hare loft with nil their balon<?in£S, during tho j«st wocVrjfind 
others vi r ; "ttod to. bo preparing t. ^o. 
(hi Th<5 . s rr«- i n/» repa Irs at ltania,noored ale - 

aide the dock. 

Ooun try# * Turtosy . Plaoe# »««*«««*« Const % \ .1 nopl o* lib 

I&te of Safari* •••April 12 f 2915« 

^ H>^^^^^^^^ ^'" 0'*0* , " ^ * , <> * ** ** '*'0*< "-" -' -o-o-c-o- 

ft) The injured gunboat f rentl one & I Jf is jr:xr -Dins? repairs 
in ■ sjpnll < g ya<H<l in t*e Go 1 dan Horn. 

(J) I sm tola 1 the Torkiah po.m'iition ia beginning tc think 
the Ttae^ian <lll §•! In here <joo?i # fctft SDKa of the better 

fll&ftfl «sre iMMtfjtly spread ini* • jropagasBfla to con th© .Dardan- 
elles to the Htagliat] sffid Fro30h t -vr.! let tthem in first, if oo~ 
aanation V' the ftuasSM doee actually become ir*-ittent f *a they 
feqr»s!hotoe ill else, an Q paqpaft ieB fef I i ana .and &&&*% 

no Bt*CJP ? y " crash a c&3C« 

(kj (ftMtll s&OQBtf of .provisions &Bt f hffito been sent "by the 
Oerr^e^ fefeftt^p tc b^ stored aft 03. tl {in inter ic-r i w.r*fi feftflfe 
of Scutari) •Both Hi* Jarwan and Austrian Ambassadors sn^ 
they ^ill kov^ up t* ■ ■■^phorua this BWMff afl usual hWV« 
(J.) *bout a mentb o& fr^c 000 tfc* Stttfclafc WKifrttlM »'i?> al| 
the inhabitant? of Prlnfclpo t a mbssmp resort tafafttf about ton 
nilee south of Constantinople in the Sna cf i:ar»r.rira t leavB von 
aurenly*and it ^ms runered here y at the $U«a«4M the island 
m*a be fey? caw arafl 1 as • last stronghold* the vicinity bairne* 
jr.ined,&o, f two or ffeffa ■_' r -isante Ware B&loTOft 

to return apain.April | t ] b a ocr|'u-t , toW cf ifcft ialend 

{*A»out tuo hours trip In eerrlaga) t Sxi oorjjcny with ifem A&apfaMi 

Ambae^ador* I eav thrao recently nafa tivnohoe t but doubt if I 
could over hasre beonw.nde for defensive purpc8es f cn account of 
th##r leer, tier, The* la2and *seuld be very hard to dafond y as landing 
could be Kate nearly anywhere. J think: the exodus Bay have be 
esesed *?c sn*fc the Earta *:-%fct look for radio ar, aratus, {there 
are eavar&l quite large hotels and private building there, 
BftftXy (Mid by foreigtttP8)»ac they were a*ite excited on tho 
anajaat of Mdd«Q radio* at ttatt tine«!Zhe Aassrtcsa babteadog 
etfl.te» t how»rar f that ha has rasaon be believe it to^j sir..- ly 
oauaeif by the poliee ii ordar that th ; Ij^t loot the r ropsrty 
of the J ibitaata^^so are zeofttl aakii 



/^ ^ti 


Heea not oe revwrnvuu 

[See Paragraph 4, Instructions or October 31, 1900.] 

SUBJECT ...»»_.the _.^ 

r'llitary and Haval Attaches af the Japan© afatiwi In 

siting ©a the subject ©f the inc-Japaaose negotiations. 
From. .... .JVo.— * Z) ^ : --~ ikjKFil loth-.---lW/------ -. ■*&* 

Replying to O. JV. I. No Date--S±j=gA>.-/$- °.^.Zk\.. _!-> 191 

la the doraoado ©a China there are tier- orning 
•uigageaent of ailitoxv vlsero, t w na© ©f arao and 
onraunitions and th« aroonalo. Thooo arc the moot vital joints 

not ,hinose coveraaont . ueh f i.:>fioult„, will I er- 
ioacod boJoro a satisfactory settlement ©an be roae .>© 
or t ?o J©vornnont realise tl ep moani. 

hidden underneath the idea entertained hy ©ur anay wh© osod 
those tions. it the Cnlaaa© Government interprets the 
questions in the sense of ordinary onoagoaoat of advisors and 
urehaso of arao a speedy settlement any be c d. But ©a 
o contrary, if the Chinese susjoct that those questions oea- 
. riso : art of t o orao ©f ©ur future aati©aal dofonco, 

then it will bo difficult to corao t© a sottlooont. t first 
the premier and t a hiaistor wore oC the o^inic at 
alt China is ovor aocodo t© those donando. 

100 thoso 0onand3 have boon made we anal vo t© ro;crt 
to oo if t ./oro rejected, t very onion doubt i ouoh 
aotioa ©a Hj t would havo a bonofloiul ofi'oct ©a ©ur t rosoat 
fore.* . it aftor oaroful consideration w© aro convinced 
that for the oak© ©f ©ur ©wa nati©nal doJonco it io n©c 

[See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, !!)(I(I.J 

subject J^t^or from tMJj^P^ 

* Ilitary on£ aval attaches of tho Japanese Location in 

Mnc on tho subject of the Ino- Japanese negotiations. 

From % No. __| #^-J§itl»Iil^--Iil^ > ^ 

Replying to 0. N. I. No Date y , i#i 

for us to obtain substantial pewor in Uilna, It vm te 
this roaoon that theeo three ooaonds woro a6 aloes to 
eay t whina io the first country to boar the brunt of our too*** 
oion polio;, 

Tho doaands connected v?ith the ,'ul-ion revince proposed 
our navy aro tho scat vital points against -nmorica. For 
if Ja^an oan jre tho naval oontrol of an ft ijarber anci tho 
adjaoont ooaoeaot wo shall bo able to reduce tho vela* of the 
,hili : :ino Islands a© t rioan naval base in the »aeirie 
and I frustrate her pelli i that ( olicn. 

Tho throe doraands proposed by our any as mentioned alreve 
aro also the aoct vital points ageinet uooia as vould 
roduoo rtfwlnn Iberian Railway as ft Military 
weapon. Tho oray spent aoro than ton j * in f emulating 
»ee lane, vor he t o l , ort initios would ax-ioo Tor 
us to push our piano to ■ .< Cul end. Tho sottloaoat ef 
mm* doaondo is a question of 1 and douth wit; Japan. 

o it o Japan© a enerol . tef f ) have always ir od thee* 
in )ovomnioat t. ohocd I forward lief. You It • 

|8oe Paragraph 4, I rtst rui-t iottN of October 31, IOOO. j 

s v 'eject -. ~ietior v Xroa^^^ 

li lit; Bttval I to ®t the Japanese x«£atioii In 

)klng «n tho Gubjoot af tho In©- mem Coronations* 
JWwn^-g. JVb._^ ^^---j^^l-tt^it-i^ift-*-- - i5i 

Replying to 0. JV. I. No Date ____, 191 

Jaxanooo niitary and :..aval ..t Mhio ) rauot therefore pay *9#» 
oial attention to the subjects under dice en Aorta oh 

oonroronco ai. dcr no olrcu allow yourooltfoo to be 

neclloont in tho noontime. If you have cloubto on lnt t 

tolo a oumaary of tho ant tor, followc aoro i Hod 

ort by Eaail. 

iSetj Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 81, 1900./ 



Need not be returned. 

I Any 2 7 |§|j 

From Y 

/Vo 69 

Replying to 0. N. I. No. 


April 14, 19J 


In cc j irith ro civilian &tt fe of the SSmoass; 

1.3 ie a tr:oi\ visit fee Brest, A^rii &th-7ife for :■ urpo»« of 

inspecting eertai i ae ration c i '. thai \ e- 

ii . .e vicinitj . .. T t s oj di|p.oi atic mission and had 
received permission . i^uvti B&rie Cross J . - inj tor of W^r 
... in.ot^-r of c:,j lij. i. rior, iad not Proaa t ., Ein3 iter of 

Marine i aaj lii into naval conditions at the port 

serebece-ssaril^ vary limii 

I. Jjhe oit| itself w^: : . : i rtiaJ L ad full of 

troopi . Bailors udergoing fei ting, told prefecture 

under the coj &nd ol i --■' J Berry ei • • I 

.d official vii • Immedi uadar felts i re 

separate g ftf f s , each ■ l ' m ahi^f: military and aval 

., xt £s i shicfa ■ v; charge of their own distinct departments* 
'., ■. ion of autaorit i r jurisdiction arising between t 
o is referred fee smd settled fry < •• ! fh ^-".. iral Prefect. 

Ih I chool, slf I irsi , I si abandoned 

f< r I is liar it. Mi - Idea: pu sn a ■:..' in are 

rviaja sit tae f3 &r . ■ ilorf . I talked wit 

1 ss youiw ■. en, the in cci _ i 'trior dined 

sits lei. . »ioaed en and formed one of the 

ere* of a tor] ' I ' i 

of the j . . informed cd« i tsi ic distlnc- 
t i o-.i ; - asp ir id the rest 

; slf ao< ' tieaSi feed, drills 

ti«i r< • r '. Bpir j ir*tt» 

tribut la ihii . v - j ' "i ! t , 

; ■ ■ • ■ j v Lag 

on tor -loa 1 he ■ iard dutj Ln 

various porta . 

•i . At Brest f ■ . re static L5 orped .-■-, 

Tour submarines. ?ive tor^ Kio-~boat itie r.Oj I rly 

. •; . :. . I - . rol frou o , i the _ " roj - ; . c 1 11 

8. 00 .- • soo . torpedo- boat; *re outside the break- 

water, the ti Lug i of '■'.".. outer port ire cloi sd by 

q for the night* 
t j. These J>oj »w are fen »d g c r b e ine 

heavy pieces of Limber, 1-. size, dimen Lone and ippearance 

railroad ties. £J . jre are spaced nt te 

feet apart, -^i Khen '. position ineir greatest Length le at 
right angles to the antra ta port, 'i'hese timber* i ve 

3] . : attac . ;d t c . . i i ,c,. s for 4 depth of about 

30 feet , lower smus ol the chains are J ;. tc «5i; it eg 

ole n ■■ ■ - i apposed to 00 sac - 2 ner 

^ buI rixie nor : i torpedo oould .... past the bows. 

G. At each antranoe i : :^ boai&s ire divided i' iLG k*fl equal 
iions. Oi.. md of - .ciio:i it. oiad.e pons -j.itly fast to 

1 bre 1 1 iter; the other ends, ! m b< m is in ooeition, jre 
. . .. j. to two l ;• a I ioyt 1 , _i mted exactly In the middle 

• the >ntr : i€ . 

7. •: lighl fcheoe inner exads, ifter having been 

fro [-entrance buoys by . small h r ; >^r> - ' 

r ai. . . ie breakwater anc . ... I I i I of the 

.' r uac ;• It 1 00 - ' i X ian fifteen minu j - th or rL 

1 watched Lone - to clesx the entrance! 

s«in . 1 rree ... I a i er buoys. 

? . In th e h urb or ' tl ti •-'•.. if islt 1 jre rer 
cruletri the OLOIKB all igl I >rn 

Squadron. C 1 . RSBILLAISS, f l 1 tip, wt Ln thie lusbsr. 
•ench, u i2 I <ng] 


ships, but, similarly to the English, they do not fly dint in- 
guish tag fl ap s and pennan t s . 

9. J In Is enquiries end found that no special protection 
cf any kind is used to protect fuel oil tanks froM aeria^. 
atteve&s . 

10. There appeared to be no special searchlight installa- 
tion for guarding the port at night. 

11. Accorctinr to papular report, great eon fuel OB existea 
at this dockyard when the mobilisation ordor was issued last 
August. A large niaaoer of the workmen, obeying their orders, 
joined the army, - the result being that for scats tims ths work 
at the 2c ck yard practically ceased. 

IS* Also in this port there is a large a umber of people 
with socialistic and revolutionary tendencies, who, according 
to the Sous-Pref et , gave the authorities a great deal of trouble 
tad anxiety during the first few weeice of the mar, 

18'« However, these iii ettsrs have long been straightened out, 
undesirable elements get ten out cf the city* in same sesee cut 
of the country; the workmen have been sent back froaa the army, 
aoout 10,000 at present engaged in the yarn, - and from a super* 

clal inspect ion ot the whole plant, everything seems to be 
running smoothly efficiently* 

[Sec Paragraph 4, Instruct ions of October 31, 1000. 

Weed not he returned. 

Conf idential . 


From Z -M? 1-93 Date Ap JU 

Replying to 0. JV. 1. No Date _. 

, 191 

An officer of one of the submarine boats 
which has been actively operating on the British coast says 
that the greatest danger they are exposed to cones from being 
rammed and that great caution has to be observed. T7hen the 
periscope first came to the surface, a destroyer or other vessel 
steaming close at hand could at this moment have an opportunity 
to ram before the submarine could see her and dive. 

Referring to the transportation of troops from 
England to Prance he spoke of the transports being so absolutely 
enveloped by destroyers that a submarine could not show herself 
without being sunk. 

The same officer said that when they stopped 
merchantships and called the master to come on board with his 
papers that in nearly every case the master failed to bring with 
him the manifest, or invoices, and claimed they were mislaid or 
he had forgotten them. 

In the case of the Dutch ship "MEDEA* from 
Italy for England, claimed to be laden with oranges only, the 
master brought the invoices for the orange portion of the cargo 
and claimed there was nothing else. The submarine officers 
then worked out the space which the oranges would occupy and 
found it to be only one third of the ships capacity. She was 
deeply laden wtthxaKan^KX and oranges were on top of anything 
else that might be there. They therefore sank the ship. 

Another case they stopped an innocent looking 
English coasting steamer which suddenly opened fire and two 
destroyers appeared. Only by quick work did the submarine escape. 
They considered that the steamer in this case was acting as a 

Asked if they would sink a ship like the 
"LUSITAIIIA" if they got a chance, the officer said certainly, 
fact she was being looked for. Due warning had been riven 
about takinr passage in English steamers and as England had 

adopted the policy of starving the people of Germany they had 
only themselves to blame if British vessels were put out of 
bringing supplies to England. 


(See Paragraph 4, Instrnctions of October 31, 1900) . ^- 

Weed not be returned. 

SUBJECT . Compoc.^ 

(Constitution of ono or more groups of Seoiits ) 

From.I\.. No 97 • Date .....April...l5., %$M* 

Replying to O. N I. No. . -—----->' Date ...imm. 

!• Decree :;o«945 of /.ugust 30, 2.914, - and which was 
reported in n T n ;:&j of Septes&er 234* 1914 - have the following 
articles ap ended by Royal ;,ccroe m 

.Art* l« 
( after par. (:.) add ): 

(e) of one or more groups of Scouts; 

/art, 3. 

( after 3d. par, of Art. f add): 

Each group i?ill he under the &mm .nd of 
a Capitano di Vascello or a Capltcno it Iregata - 
The senior group commander will have the title of 
"Senior Consaander of Scouts". 


(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 19000 

Need not be returned. If 



Apri ? 15, 1915. 

I asked the Reichs-Marine-Amt to give 
me an account of the sinking of the "PALLABA" and the reason 
for the loss of life. 

At first I was refused on the ground 
that the ship was English and did not concern America and that 
there was nothing to say beyond the statement published in the 
•Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" of April 3, 1915. I then 
remarked that I was not interested in the ship because she was 
English but because the conduct of war, especailly on the sea, 
Tiag of interest to all nationalities. Also that the new sea 

warfare with submarines and the laws to govern it were of 
particular interest to all nations, that the a^ts of today became 
the precedents of to-morrow and they perhaps became the Inter- 
national Law of the future. 

The following day the Reichs-Marine-Amt 
telephoned me that they would publish an explanation of the 
sinking of the NFALLABA" , a translation of which follows. 

A friend who talked with one of the junior 
officers of the ■ U 38 • some days ago gave the same version in 
regard to the use of ratio *., A . A- .. 

Translation . 

* ■■ ' ■ i - ■ ■ ' — ■* ii i ■ . I i i. 

In view of the distorted news regarding the 
events at the sinking of the English steamer "FALLABA" 
we have received the following from competent source :- 

The submarine rave the signal to the steamer 
»FALLABA M tt to turn at onee or I will fire M . Without 
paying attention to it the steamer run away, made even 
signals by means of rockets to call for help, and could ' 
be caught up to after a chase of a quarter of an hour. 
Although there was danger for the submarine to be fired 
at from the steamer, or to be attacked by approaching 
craft, the steamer was not -Tired at immediately, but 
after arriving at 500 metres distance the order was given 
by voice and signal to leave the ship within ten minutes. 
On the steamer the beginning was made to bring boats to 
the water. While this was partly done in a very unseaman- 
like manner, several boats being injured in the attempts 
to lower the boats, the crews of the ship quickly took to 
the boats and kept in the vicinity, without rendering aid 
to the passengers struggling in the water which had been 
quite possible. From the time the order was given to leave 
the ship until the torpedo shot was fired not the originally 
granted ten minutes passed but ^3 minutes, preceded by the 
chase which should have been utilised to clear the boats. 

■» i * 

The statement that only five or even three minutes 
w^re given is untrue. 

The torpedo was fired only then when the 
approach of suspicious vessels whose attack he must 
expect forced the captain of the submarine to quick 
action. When the shot was fired nobody could be seen 
on the ship except the captain who bravely stood by 
his post. Only a little while after a few persons 
became visible who worked about a boat. As far as the 
crew of the submarine is concerned the men were at 
their respective posts, the men for serving the pun 
and for signalling on deck. To participate in the 
rescue they could not do, as a submarine could not 
take up any passengers. Against the slanderous 
accusation that our men commenced to laugh sneoringly 
not a word of defense is necessary. At the 
proceedings before court in England no witness has 
dared to make this statement. 

It is further untrue that the submarine 
had any time hoisted the English flag. 

The submarine has shown at the incident as 
much consideration as was compatible with her own 
safety. It is very much to be regretted that lives 
were lost, the responsibility rests however on 
England, which anas merchaatships and causes them 
to participate in the conduct of the war and to make 
attacks upon submarines. 


o Cosur^x ApR v 4 i^i5 
" J -* J^Tlfeed not be returned. ^ 




The Session of the Reichstag — Against the Exceptional Legal 
Decisions — Idartial Law and the Censorship — Bread and 
Potatoes -- ft Secured future. MICEAKLIS. 

The Reichstag at this session completed its constituted 
tasks in quick time- Assembling on the tenth o.f March, it adjourn- 
ed yesterday until the eighteenth of Kay. Ten days sufficed to 
complete the business which under normal conditions would keep it 
in session five months. There were other important domestic and 
social affairs to decide besides passing the imperial government ' s 
estimates. And what the new secretary of finance said on the 

lnirinsic- Qiiierence irora one previous uuugeu anoujia uaxuiioe i 

The remaining measures and decress with which the Reichstag; at 
this session busied itself surpassed in[its opinion the legislative 
proceedings which it -as accustomed to enact* In times of peace, 
such decisive tasks as those concerning regulations to provide for 
foodstuffs, questions of support, the problem of censorship and 
martial lav? would only be decided after thorough and searching 
discussion. At this time, all debatable measure;; were decided in 
a trice. Differences of opinion were adjusted in the committees. 

re and there during the general sessions individual ill-timed 
utterances were noticed, since party opposition is only checked and 
has not really disappeared. Meanwhile it will doubtless be that 
after the war parties will again exist and it is due to say that 
the Heichstag at best has been right in this self restriction of 
the present exceptional conditions. Everything has its tine. As 
conditions exist today, there is no other aim than to carry it 
through to an honorable peace, to do all to facilitate this and 
to emit everything which can interfere with the attainment of 
this aim. 

It cannot be said in this respect that the German people and 
their assembled representation should be deluded as we live in 
the best of all worlds. Everything in war is turned against a 
powerful, enemy; whatever could disturb the unanimity of the people 
and injure its power of striking would be doubly painful. cer- 

tain feeling of this was Shown by the Prussian Government at the 
session of the house of deputies when they recognized the necessity 
of showing in what manner internal politics stood in need of re- 
organizing. This concession lost very much of its expected result 
because of its vagueness. The Heichstag has made the attempt to 
scrutinize carefully existing conditions and at least to an 

attempt to better them in certain ways during the war- In the com- 
mittee on the budget the proposal was accepted to request the Fed- 
eral Council to remove forthwith the n ires directed against 
individual parts of the German people. This resolution was parti- 
cularly directed against the phrasing of the imperial law on form- 
ing unions and the ] inder of the Jesuit law.' The immediate 
success of this notion is not to be acted. The Allied Govern- 

ments fear, perhaps irithout sufficient cause, that because of any 
legal action at this, time a deep feeling of unrest migfct reduced 

*lL the P e °Pl«' Ik* proposer would en I < ant hold out hopes 

after the war and seoret . of b 'or the interior gave a 

tionable interpretation of the ch« i in the future Q he 
declared that the opinion over what is reg a as an exceptional 
law is different. v much has not been attained from the Reiohe- 

in one direction of a revii ion of i Hating conditions, one 
muL-t hope that .he fight for people's right ill continue ith 

Car energy, at least there is no more doubt to whet reforms the 
jority of toe Reietota d. 

As regards the questions of censorship and a fltate of war one 
cannot express '.he general v.-ish. la war has ol< hown the 

/"J/' Need not be returned, 

■>\ift v Translation. Af> ' 

i°ft \} u" *j» V^ regarding Changes in the Prize Rules of September 
V > v/V T 30th 1909 * Reichsgesetzblatt 1914, page 975, 441^ 

^y 481, and 509 ). | ££?- [ 3-1/ 


From April 18, 1915. 

In retaliation of the rules instituted, by England 
and her allies which deviate fron the London Declaration 
concerning International Law at Sea of the 36th of September 
1909, I approve for the present war the following changes 
in the Prize Rules of the 30th of September 1909 with the 
amendments of October 18th, November 13d and December 14, 1914, 

The Sections 91, 93, 97, SS« 35, 40, as well as 
the supplements to 93 will be replaced by the following rules :- 

81* As absolute co ntraband of war the following 
objects and materials} are to be considered ;- 

1. Arms of all kind* inclusive arms for sporting 
purposes and recognizable parts of the same. 

9. Projectiles, cartridges, of any kind, and their 
recognizable parts and ingredients. 

3. Powder and explosives of any kind, 

4. Sun barrels, gun carriages, limbers, ammunition 
wagons, field kitchens, field bakery wagons, 
provision and ration wagons, field smithies, 
search-lights, search-li^ht implements, and 
recognizable parts of these articles. 

5. Range finders and recognizable parts of the 
same 4 

6. Binoculars, telescopes, chronometers, and 
nautical instruments of any kind, 

7. Military uniforms and military equipments 
recopnized as such. 

S. Riding, draught and pack animals which can 
be used in war. 

9. Military harness and saddlery articles recomized 
as such. 

10. Camping utensils and parts of them recognized 
as such. 

11. Armor plates. 

19. Lead(}n pig form), plates or lead pipes. 

13. Barbed wire and tools required for fckKfcr its 
erection and cuttin ■-. 


m ft - 

14, Tin plates* 

15. War ships and other war craft and such essential 
parts of them which according to their special 
character can only be used on war craft; ships tin 
material and shipbuilding steel* 

18. Submarine sounding signal apparatus, 

17. Aeroplanes and air craft of any r ~ind, their 
reco*?ni'/,able component parts and accessories, 
re corniced as such, objects and Material which 
can be reeofmised as intended to be used for 
aerial navigation* 

IB* Tools and implements used in the manuiaeturinp' 
and repairing of arras and war material. 

19* Turners lathes* of any :ind. 

30. Wood for underground -vork* 

31. Coal and coke* 
33. Flax* 

i8« As relative contraband of war the following' articles 
and material which can be used for warlike as well 
as peaceful purpoes, are to be considered :- 

1* Provisions. 

3. Forare and fodder of an y kin-:. 

3* Articles of slothing which can be used for military 
purposes* clothing and shoes. 

|« Animal wool, raw or worked up, as well as woolen 

carded yarn. 

• Gold and silver coined and in bullion, as well as 
paper money. 

•« Vehicles of any kind which can be used pur v/ar 

war purposes, especially all motor vehicles. 

7. Rubber tires for motor vehicles, as we m all 
articles and material used in the manufacture and 

repair of the same. 

8. Caotchouo and fnitta-r oreha and articles uropafced 
from the same. 

9. Fixed or rollinp railroad i material, telegraph, 
radio and telephone material. 

10. Fuel material, except coal and coke; lubrisatinr 

11. Sulphur, sulphuric acid, nitric acid* 


- 3 - 

13. Horse shoes and utensils for making them. 

13. The following ores:- Wolframite and Sheeite, 
molybdane, nickel , chrome, hematite iron, 
manganese and lead ores, 

14. The following metals: Wolfram, molybdenum, 
vanadium, nickel, selen, cobalt, hematite 
raw iron, manganese, aluminium, copper. 

15. Antimony and its sulphur combinations and 


16. Iron alloys ( ferric combinations) inclusive 
wolframite - molybdenium - ;.!anpan a se - 

vanadium * and chrome iron. 

17. Harness and saddle equipments. 

18. Leather i prepared and unprepared, as far 
as it can be used for saddlery, harness , 
military shoes and other military uniform 


19. Tannine materials of all kinds, inclusive 
of the extracts used in the process of 

30. Woods of all kinds, raw or v/orked up 

( especially also cut, sawed, and planned) 
excepting wood for underground working; 
Hisit charcoal tar. 

31. Ships, boats, and water craft of all kinds, 
floating docks and constructions for dry 
docks, as wall a^ the parts of them. 

**• The following articles cannot be declared as 

contraband of war :- 

1» Raw cotton, raw silk, raw Jute, raw hemp. 

^» Rosin, varnish, hep. 

3. Raw hides, horns, bones, and ivory. 

4. Natural anr? artificial fertilizers. 

5. Farth, clay, burnt lime, chalk, stones 
inclusvive marble, brick, slats and 
tiles for roofinp. 

6. Porcelain and glass« 

7. Paper and material for the manufacture of 
the same. 

8. Soap, paints inclusive the materials for 
the preparation of the same and varnish. 

9. OhMride of line, soda, caustic xxxrt soda. 
sulphide of sodium in cakes, aroiionia 
sulphate of copper. 

10* Machines for arricultural and mining 


- A - 

purposes, for the textile industries and 
machines" for printing purposes. 

11. Precious stones, half precious stones, pearls, 
mother-of-pearl and corals. 

13, Clocks and pocket matches, except chronometers. 

13, Fancy p-oods and stationery. 

14, Feathers of all kinds, hair and bristles. 

15, Objects for living apartments and ornamentation 
of homes; office furniture and office supplies, 

33, In so far as circumstances are not against it, the 

aursimisr* hostile destination noted in 33 is to be assumed 
in : 

(a) If the cargo is directed to an enemy government 
office, or governmental authority (Behorde), or 
to an a<?ent of the same, or to a trader of whom 
it is known that he furnished the articles in 
question, or prepares products from the same, 
to an enemy, or to an admini strati ve office of 
an enemy -ovarnment. 

(b) If the cargo is sent "on order" or to a consignee 
whose name cannot be discovered from the ships 
papers, or to a person sojourning in enemy 
country, or in a territory occupied by the enemy, 

(c) If the cargo is directed to a fortified place of 
the onemy, or to a place which serves the enemy 
forces as a base of operations or supply basis, 

merchant ships as such are not to be assumed 
a3 intended for the enemy forces or for administrative 
places of an enemy government, simply because they are en 
route to places specified in c. 

35. Objects of the relative contrail: and of we** are 

subject to confiscation only on ships en route to enemy 
territory , or territory occupied by enemy forces, providing 
that the articles in nuostion are not intended to be 
discharged in a port which the ship touches before reaching 
her final destination. 

The limitation of *Absatz 1 " does not hold 
good : 

(a) If the presumptions of No. S8 b are evident, or 

(b) If the ship is directed to a neutral country 
of which it is known that the enemy purchases 
articles of the kind in question from there. 

40, A confiscation can not be based on a formerly 
carried out and finished trip on which contraband 
was carried. If , however, the ship has carried 
contraband to the enemy contrary to the statements 
of the ships papers, she is subject to seizure and 
confiscation until after the war. 

- 5 - 

This order takes effect after its publication* 

Great Headquarters 

April 18, 1915. William. 

von Tirpitz. « 

Need not be returned. 




3al)tgang 1915 



M. 49 

^n^alt: ^crorbnung, betreffenb Slbartberung ber <Prifenorbnung uom 30. September 1909. ®. SS7. 

(Sftr. 4714) Skrorbmmg, betreffenb Slbfinberung ber *Prtfenorbmmg, fcom 30. September 1909 
(«Reic03.@efek&l. 1914 6. 275, 441, 481, 509). Som 18. Nprtl 1915. 



Jn 23erge(tung ber toon Gngtanb nub fetnen Serbiinbeien abtoetdjenb Don bee 
£onboner CMaruttg liber bag (5ee£rteg§red)t oom 26. gebruar 1909 getroffeneu 
Scftimmungen genelnnige 3$ f# r Den gegentodrtigen $rteg bic nacfyfteljenben 
Slbdnberungen ber ^prifenorbnung oom 30. September 1909 fomie ifyrer 3 u f a ^ 8 
toom 18. Oftober, 23. SRoocmber nnb 14. ^Dejem&er 1914. 

2ln bie ©tede ber giffern 21, 23, 27, 33, 35, 40 foioie ber gufd^e $ur 
gtffer 23 treten folgertbe SScftimmungcn : 

21. 21(8 ®rieg§fonterbanbe tnerben bie nacfyjMjenben, unter ber ©egetdjmmg 
abfotute ®onterbanbe begriffenen ©egenjldnbe nnb ©toffe angefefyen: 

1. SBaffen jeber Slrt mit (Sinfdjlujj ber SCaffen fiir fportltd)e g^ecfe nnb 
ifyre ate foldje fenntlic^en 33efianbtetle/ 

2. ©efefyoffe, ®artufdjen unb ^patronen jeber Slrt fottrie i§re ate folcl)e 
lenntUc^en Sejtanbtetfe; 

3. 6d)ieJ3tonloer nnb ©torengjtoffe jeber SIrt; 

4. ©cfd^rofyre, Cafettcn, ^pro^en, 5Jtonitton8tt>agen, gelbfucfyen, 53ac£ofen< 
toagen, ^prooiantmagen, gelbfcfymieben, ©djeintr-erfer, ©cfyeimoerfergerdt 
unb ifyre ate foldje fetmtlidjen Seftanbtetle; 

5. Sntfcrnunggmeffer unb il)re ate folcfye tenntlicfyen 93eftanbteile,- 

6 . ^Doptoetgldfer, gemro^re, (Efyronometer unb nauttfefye 3njtrumente aller 2lrt / 

7. mtlitdrifcfye ate foldje fenntltcfye ^(eibungS* unb 3lu8rfifhmg3ftude/ 

8. fur ben ferteg benupare fReit-, 3ug> unb £aftttere; 

9. mtfitdrtfd)e3 ate folct)e§ lenntlic^eS ©efefyirr jeber 2lrt; 

10. Cagergerdt unb feinc ate folcfye fenntttdjen 33ejknbtetfe/ 

11. ^3an^erplatten/ 

12. SBtet in Srbcfen, flatten ober dlfyxtn} 

!Keid)8.©efe66l. 1915. 5G 

Sluggegeben 3U Mm ben 20. Slprtl 1915. 

■ yf' 

■■ k t' •- 

228 — 

13. 6tarf)elbral)t, foU>ic Me gu beffen 33efejtigung unb Serfcfynetbung bienen« 
ben SBerfjeugc; 

14. 2Bcij3blcd)C/ 

15. $rieg§fd)iffe unb fonjrtge £rieg§fa()rgeuge fotoie fold)e SejlcmbteUe, bie 
nad) iljxxx befonberen 33efd)affenl)eit nur auf einem $rteg§fa$r$eugc 
benufet toerben tonncn/ ©cfyijfsblccfye nnb ©djiffoaufta^l/ 

1 6. Untcrivoffct'fc^allfigualapparatc/ 

17. Cuft- nnb gfagfatyrjeuge aHer Slit, beren a(§ foldje tenntlicfyen SScflanb* 
tetle fott)ie gu^^ude, ©egenft&nbe unb ©toffe, bie erfennbar jur 
Cuf tf d^iffa ^rt ober gu gfog^toeden bienen foUett; 

18. SBcrfyeuge unb SSorridjtungen, bie au§fc6)tieBtid^ gur 2lnferttgung unb 
$lu§befferung oon SBaffen unb ®rieg§material ^ergepcllt ftnb/ 

19. ©refybanfe jeber Slrt/ 

20. ©ruben^olg/ 

21. tfotylen unb ®of§; 

22. $ta&)%. 

23. TO $rieg8fonter6attbe toerben folgenbe fiir frtegerifcfye hue fur frieb* 
lid)e gtoetfc oertoenbbare unter bet 33e§eitfynung reiatitoe ^onterbanbe begriffene 
©egenftanbe unb ©tojfe angefe[)en: 

1. Cc6cn§mittcl/ 

2. garage unb guttermittel jeber Slrt/ 

3. fiir niditdrifdje gmccfc geeignete JHeibunggftude, $leibung§jtoffe unb 

4. tiertfefje 2Itotte, ro[) ober bearbeitet, fotoic tooKene ©treicbgame unb 
^ammgawe ; 

5. ©olb nnb ©ilber, gepragt unb in barren, fonjtc *j3apiergetb ; 

6. fiir ben ®ricg oerftenbbarc guljrtoerfe jeber Slrt unb il)re 93c(!anb* 
teile, in§befonbere ade fctftfabi^euge; 

7. ©ummiraber fiir ^raftfafyrjeuge, fotoie aHe ©egenftanbe unb ©toffe, 
bie befonbevS bei ber jperfteGung ober JReparatur oon ©unmrirabern 
oerloenbet tocrben; 

8. ®autfd)uf unb ©uttapercfya unb bie barau§ ^ergejteilten SBaren/ 

9. fejte§ ober rodenbeS (Sifenbafynmaterial, MegrapDen*, gmdentelegraptyen* 
unb Mepfyonmatericd; 

10. geucrungSmatertal, cwSgenommeit $ol)(en unb $of8/ ©d;mier(toffc/ 

11. ©cfyloefel, ©cfytoefelfdnre, ©alpeterfaure/ 

12. £mfeifen unb £uffd)mtebegerat/ 

13. folgenbe (Erge: SBolframerje (3Mframtt unb ©credit), SMtybbcm*, 
yiktd*, (Efyrom*/ ^amatiteifen*, Siangan*, Slei^rj/ 

14. folgenbe SMalle: SGBolfram, SMnbbctn, Sanobium, SfUrfel, ©elen, 
Cobalt, ^dmatitrofyeifen, Siangan, SUmninium, ^upfer/ 

— 229 — 

15. Slntimon fomie feine ©cfytoefeloerbinbungen unb Ojtybe/ 

16. (Sifenlegierungen (gerro^erbinbungen) einfdjltejjlidj SMfram*, ?£Rol^B- 
ban*, Siangan*, Sanabiunt*, (Sfrconvdtfen; 

17. ©efctnrr unb ©arreting/ 

18. Ceber, gugertdjtet unb ntc^t gugeric^tet, fofern eS bvancr/bar ijt fiir 
©attterei, ©efcfyirr, 9Jtt(itarfd)uI^eug ober mUitdrtfdjc ^(eibuiiggjtucte; 

19. ©erbftoffe aflrr Slrt einfd)ltej$lidj bee beim ©erben gebraucfyten (Sgtrafte; 

20. $6Ijer jcber Slrt, rot; ober bcarbeitet (in§befonbere attcf) beljauen, gc* 
fdgt, ge|obeIt, genutet), auSgenommeii ©rubenfyol^/ £olgfo()tenteer/ 

21. ©^iffc, §3oote unb SBafferfafyr^euge jeber Strt, ©dfjttrimmbotfS unb 
Storridjtungen fiir ^rocfenbocB fotoie i^rc 33ejtanbteile. 

27. 2113 ^riegSfonterbanbe fbnnen bie . nacf/jtefyenben ©egenjrdnbe ntd)t 
erf (art toerbeu: 

1. SRoIj&aumtooIIe, SRor)feibe, rofye 3nte, roller #cmf/ 

2. Joarj, Pad, ^opfen/ 

3. rojjc gede, Corner, S\nod)en unb (Stfenbein; 

4. natiirlicfyer unb fuujftidjer hunger; 

5. (Srbe, 'ion, .Mr", $reibe, ©teine mit 6tnfd)lujj be3 SJtormorS, Stegel* 
peine, ©dn'efer unb 'Dac^iegel/ 

6. sporjeaan unb ©Ia§; 

7. papier unb bie gu fciner £erjteKung guberetteten ©toffe,- 

8. ©eife, garbe mit (EinfcC)[uJ3 ber augfdjliejjlid) ju u)rer £>erjteKung be* 
fttmmten 93?ateria(ien unb girniS / 

9. (Efjforfalf, ©oba, Sanation, fc§njefelfaure§ Matron in $ucr;en, Slmmoniaf, 
fdjtoefelfaureS Slmmomaf unb ftHtpferoitriol/ 

10. SCRafd^inen fiir Canbtoirtfdjafi, fiir SBergbau, fiir %cr,tUtnbuftrie unb 
fiir 33nd)bru(ferei/ 

11. Gbelfteine, £>a(bebe(fteme, 9perten, *Perfatutter unb ^orallen,- 

12. ^urm* unb SBanbu^ren, ©tanbu^ren unb SLafcfyenutyren aufjer (Sfyrono* 
metern / 

IB. SJlobc- unb ©alanterietoaren,- 

14. gebcrn jeber 5lrt, £>aare unb ©orjten; 

15. ©cgenfrdnbe pit 2M)nung§einricf)tung unb gum SBoIjmungSfcfymucfe/ 
53urcaumobc( unb 53ureaubebarf. 

83. ©ofcrn bie Umftdnbe bem nict)t toiberfprecfyen, ift bie in £iffer 32 
qeicfynete feinbltdje 53ejtimnntng anjunefymen: 

a) loenn bie ©enbung an cine feinblicfye SBefybrbe ober ben 5lgenten einer 
folcfyen ober an einen $dttblct, oon bem feftjtef)t, ba$ er ©egenftdnbe 
ber fraglicfyen Wet ober ©rjeugniffe au§ ifmen ber ©treitmacfyt ober ben 
33erh>altung8fteHen beg feinblidjen ©taateS liefert, gericfytet ift/ 


■ i 







— 230 - 

b) tocnn bie ©cnbung an Orber ober an emeu au§ ben ©cfyiffgpapteren 
ntcfyt erficfytlicfyen (kmpfanger ober an cine *perfon, bie fid) tm fcinb» 
licfyen ober oom geinbe befe^ten ©ebiet auffyalt, gericfytet ifl; 

c) toemt bie ©enbung nacfy einem befejtigten *J3la&e beg getnbeg obex nacfy 
einem *pfafcc, ber ber fetnblicfyen ©treitmacfyt alg Operation^* ober 
S3erforgunggbajtg bient, beftimmt iji. 

ftauffafyrteifefyiffe felbft jlnb nicfyt fdjon urn begmitfen alg fur bit feinbticfye 
©trcitmadjt ober fur SBertoaltunggftellcn beg feinblicfyen ©taateg bejtimmt angu* 
fefyen, roetf fie jtdj auf ber gal)rt nadj einem ber ju c be^etcfyneten ^pld^e bo 

35. ©cgenjMnbe ber relattoen ^onterbaubc unterltegen ber SBefc^tagna^me 
nur auf einem ©d)iffe, bag ftd) auf ber galjrt nad) bem feinblidjen ober bom 
gcinbe befel^ten ©ebiet ober jwr feinblic^en ©treitmacfyt befhtbet nnb bag btcfe 
©egenftdnbe nid)t in einem neutralen Sloifdjenfyafen auglaben foil, b. I), in einem 
£>afen, ben bag ©d)iff oor bem Srreic^en jeneg gieteg an^ulaufen fyat. 

£)ie (Einfcfyranfung beg Slbf. 1 finbet feme 5lmoenbwig: 

a) menu bte Soraugfe^ungen ber giffer 33b oorliegen ober 

b) ioenn bag ©d)iff nad) einem neutralen Canbe beftimmt iji, oon bem 
fejlftefyt, ba$ bie feinb(id)e Sftegierung oon bort ©egenjldnbe ber frag* 
tidjen Uxt bqie^t 

40. 2luf ©runb einer frfifyer auggefuSjrten, aber bereitg ooUenbeten 53e» 
forberung oon ^onterbanbe fann cine 2iufbrmgung nicfyt betoirft toerben. 

$at jebocfy bag ©cfyiff $onterbanbe cntgegen ben Slngaben fetner ©djtffS* 
paipiere bem geinbe gugefii^rt, fo unterliegt eg ber Slufbrmgung unb Smgte^ung | 
big gur ©eenbigung beg ®riegeg. 

£)iefe Serorbnung trttt mit iijrer SSerfitnbtgung in $raft. 
©rojeg £auptquartier, ben 18. 5tyril 1915. 

(L. S.) SBityefot 

o. %iroi 

®cn SSesufr be$ 9Mt5$ » ©efdjbfattS tiermittebt tmr fcie gsofianftattctt. 
f)erau8gege6en im 9teidjSamt be* 3 nnettt « — ©etltn, gebrutft in bet JReidjSbtucEerei. 

UJhluzeit - Q/UJ^JL VKta ^>C Qbui.IJ.tfH . 

Country, . . ♦ • . ., Turkey. ] ort Constantinople, fie. 

Report from J3$ s* s. 80QRPX0& 2?eed not he returned, 

Sate of Import* ApVll 19,1915. 

"O— Q-O'-O—O-O-O—C-'C— C— C— C—C-C— — C«-C~C""0— 0— 0— C— C—C-O-C— C— C— C-0-O-C-C— C—G—C •"<)•" 

1# Blaolc jjtfjj 

(a) -On /'.pril 15 f t?3o Turkish sailing coal 

shim ware sunk, the TarXiafc 3.3.1: 
co~l ▼essel t was sun^ f the Turkish 3,3. 
Etel was forced to rfaa Lahore o.nd Is 
wrecked, and tho ?ur3ci?fc. 8#8#BSW , 1JB was 
badly damaged, but succeeded in reaching 
i.ort he$a*$hs latter vessel was seen 
oo ' in, and had quite a list to port, 
and its bow wis partly go ne» These ships 
were sitnle while trying to cot to Cozlon, 
and other nine to'ns on shore to get coal. 
(b)-Jbnr Turlciah Government ooal st B ore cone 
in f with coal , abou t a weelc a#o#3o fir Kg 
lino^n no other con! vessels h.^e gotten in 
safely. There is a snail amour, t of M& cod- 
ing by camel feadfe still, overt and from Zondal~ 
dak f .*c. 

2* Ojc natcn tino pl a. 

"7e')-f have been -told the SttlgsHftm Governments 
t result of pressure by 3usnl%has held up 
the as tmitiofl that was bfrteg brourht into 
Turkey from Austria and Gei*r.any,and thrt,as 
I rosul't,the Tories fosr I scarcity of arr-un- 
ition;but this has not been verified* It is 
."'lso said recent inspired articles in local 

era bare, 00*91*1 nlng against lack of 
neutrality on part of the Dhftcxil States in 
; emitting exportation of Ajasrioan aannttit*- 
ion to the Buss ians ,waro pc&llsbs4 primarily 
on ao^evnt of this. 

^ ^ , 



[See 1' •■ I instructions of October SI, l!>0<>.) 


Weed not be returned, _^ 



From . Z (Hi ..JVo. \^dfjd- ,- Date April ZQtii t . ____^___. ._\ 191 5 

Replying to 0. JV. I. JV'o i)afe .._^r^..^_^__J(^^<I^J 

The following particulars in regard to the number of mines 
which have been found off the Dutch coasts since the outbreak of 
hostilities are reported in the ideuweC urant , The Hague, April 


The total number of mines found on and off the Dutch coasts 
up to the 1st of April, 1915, is 487. These mines divided accord- 
ing to origin are: 259 English, 54 French, 28 German and 146 of 
unknown origin. The majority of these mines have been fired at 
and sunk. A large number of these mines have also been destroyed 
on the shore. Most of these mines have been found between The 
Helder and The Hook of Holland. A large number have also been 
found north of The Helder. 

As previously reported ux^on, several accidents happened 
earlier in tho war in the attempt to break down anddisasserable 


some of the mines found on the iJutch coast. ' 

Office of Naval Intelligence, 

April 21, 1915. 

/ £ ; 

i i ».. j. •.'■--' » 

Russian' Imperial Order on the application 
of "Declaration of London" to the 
present war, with a translation of Russian 
text of the Declaration and explanations laid 
down by Navy Department. 
Translated by Miss N.D.Eomine. Revised by 
Captain IT. A. McOully. 

Imperial Ukaz. 
on the application' of Rules of Naval War elab - 
orated by the London Conference of 1908 - 1909 
with certain amendments thereof and supplements 
thereto as well as Explanation of the conformity 
(or adaption) of the Naval Prize Rules with the 

"Rules of Naval War" 
Order of the Minister of the Navy to 
the Fleet and to the Navy Department, 
Petrograd 9th September 1914, No. 304. 

I arn publishing for execution by the Fleet and by the 
Naval Department the Imperial Order to the governing Senate 
dated this 1st day of September (old style), printed in the No. 
249 issue of the collection of Laws and Legislative orders, art. 
2352, 1914, in conjunction with the Rules of Naval War as elabo- 
rated by the London Conference of 1908 - 1909. 

At the same time, in view of the importance that said "Rules" 
be strictly complied with i.n practice, I direct that the hereunto 
annexed "Explanation" in regard to conformity for adaption) of 
the above "Rules" with the "Naval Prize Eules", be complied with. 


( Signed) Grigorovich, 

Minister of the Navy, 



Imperial Ukaz. 
to the governing Senate. 
Having found it necessary, owing to agreement con- 
cluded with the allied French and British Governments, to 
apply - as a provisory measure - the Regulations in regard 
to the right of Naval War, elaborated by the London Naval 
Conference of 1908-1909, with some amendments thereof and 
supplements thereto, and having approved the decision of the 
Council of Ministers in this respect, We order: 

that the hereunto annexed "Rules of Naval War" elab- 
orated by the London Naval Conference of 1908-1909, and the 
following amendments and supplements, be complied with during 
the "ore sent war.-- 

As absolute contraband is considered: 

1) All kinds of arms, including those used in 
hunting, as well as se oar ate compotent parts. 

2) Projectiles, shells and cartridges of all kinds 
and separate component oarts. 

3) Gunpowder and explosives specially used in war. 

4) Gunmounts, caissons, limbers, vans, field 
forges and their component parts. 

5) Articles especially intended for military 
equipment and war purposes. 

6) Special harness for war purposes of any kind. 

7) Riding, driving and pack animals, which may 
be suitable for war purposes. 


- ^ 


10) V/ar Vessels and boats and their component parts, 
which, owing to their characteristics, cannot be used 
otherwise than on war vessels. 

11 ) Instruments and apparatus exclusively intended for 
the preparation of war materials, or for making and repair- 
ing arms and articles of either land or naval war equipment. 

12) Aero nautics and aeronautical apparatus, sejjarate 
parts of them, as well as appurtenances, articles and material 
specially destined for aeronautical purposes. 

Conditional Contraband is: 

1) Provisions. 

2) Forage and grain suitable for feeding animals. 

3) Clothing and material f.or clothing, as well as 
boots or shoes for military purposes. 

4) Gold and silver in money and ingots and also paper 

5) All kinds Af carriages and carts suitable for war 
purposes, as well as their separate parts. 

5) Ships, vessels and boats of all kinds, floating docks, 
$arts of docks and separate parts of such. 

7) Railroad material, permanent or mobile, telegraph 
material and radiotelegraph and telephone material. 

8) Fuel, lubricating materials. 

9) Gunpowder and explosives not used exclusively for 
war purposes. 

10) Barbed wire as well as tools for securing or cutting 

11) Horseshoes and forge material. 

12) Harness and saddles. 

13) Binoculars, telescones, chronometers and various 
naut ic al inst rument s . 



4 neutral ship which "by evasion conveys to the enemy con- 
traband under false papers, may be seized for carrying such 
contraband if she be encountered before the termination of 

her return voyage 


The destination mentioned in Par. 33 of the "Rules on 
Naval War w , elaborated by the London Naval Conference, is 
established by any sufficient evidence and is considered as 
existing, besides the presumption fixed by Par. 34, in two 
case of any goods shipped to an agent of the enemy country 
either for him, or for a dealer, or to any other person known 
to be a purveyor of the enemy government, or for such dealer 
or such person. 


The existence of the "blockade is considered to be known: 

a) to all vesselsm whcih may have left an enemy port, or 
have entered any such port within a time after notification 
ibf the blockade by the local authorities, sufficient for the 
enemy government to have made the same public. 

b) to all vessels, which may have left a Russian or 
allied port, or have entered such nort after the blockade 
has been made public. 


In amendment of the stipulations of Par. 35 of the "Rules" 
of the London Naval Conference, should the destination of 
conditional contraband, mentioned in Par. 33, be proved, such 
goods will be subject to confiscation in whatever port the 
ship may take them and whatever they may be landed. 

The governing Senate must issue the necessary order to 
carry the above into effect. 

The original is signed in His Majesty's own handwriting. 


Tzarskoe Selo 

: ; ; e pt e mb er lot 1914. 
Counters ignedt 

Croremykin, Secretary of State,, president 
of the Council of Ministers, — \ 




Ihucs go vernin g 
the operations during a naval war, 
elaborated by tlie London Oonfer- 
enoe of 1908 - 1909 

Chapter I. 
Blockade d uring war . 








A blockade my be established only on ports and coasts 

belonging to the enemy, or oceu ued i.»y him. 


In accordance with the Pnrie "Declaration" of 1856, a 

blockade to be binding, must be effective, that is, it must be 
maintained by a force sufficient to constitute a real obstacle 

to the access to the enemy 1 s shore. 


The' question of effectiveness of a blockade is a ques- 

tion of fact. 


r .ihe blockade is not considered 

o on 

i as ra 

ised if the block- 

ading vessels withdraw temporarily by reason of bad weather. 



The blockade must be applied to every flag without ex- 

empt ion. y 

hose rules follow the 

London . " iH ^Hl ? n 

Wt of tho " 








r 6i 
She Commander of the blockading forces may allow war 
vessels to enter a blockaded port, and afterward to leave It. 

In case of distress, verified by an officer of the 
blockading forces, a neutral ship may enter find leave a block- 
aded area, upon condition of neither discharging nor shitming 
any cargo, while there. 


A blocfekd&J in order to be effective, must be ( declared / 
in accordance ?. : :tth Par. 9 a no" made public in accordance with 
Pars. 11 and 16. T) 


ho declaration of the blockade is made either by the 

government of the blockading power, or by the naval authorities 
acting in the name of this power. 

The d e cj a rs t i on f i r.e & : 
1; She dvy of the beginning of the blockade; 

2) Spie geographic limits of the blockaded coast; 

3) The term allowed to neutral vessels for leaving. / 

Should the blockading Power, or the naval authorities 
acting in its name, not comply with the stipulations which, in 
virtue of provisions/fef the P*P« 1 and E of Par. 9, they ought to 
have observed in declaration of the blockade, the latter will 
be considered null and void, and, in order that the blockade 
should be lawful, it must be again declared. 

The blockade is declared: 

1) To neutral ..ewers - by the blockading Power i.v direct com- 
munication to the Powers themselves, or to their accredited 
representatives ; 

2) To local authorities - by the Commanded of blockading forces; 









- 7 - 

these authorities, in their ttern* inform thereof - within the 
shortest delay possible - the foreign consuls of the port, or 
coast, blockaded. 

The rules in regard to the declaration of the blockade 
and to the information thereof, are to be complied with also 
in such cases when the area of the blockade may be extended, 
or, after having been suspended, is resumed, 

A voluntary suspension of the blockade, as well as any 
abridgement, must be made known in accordance with stipulations 
of Far, 11. 


The possibility of seizing' a neutral vessel for breaking 
the blockade, depends on hem real or presumed knowledge- of the 


The knowledge of the blockade is presumed, if there be 
no oroof to the contrary, when tie vessel has left a neutral 
port after the blockade has been announced in due time to the 
Power, to which the port belongs. 


Should a vessel approaching a blockaded port not know of 
the existence of the blockade, or if it can not be presumed that 
she knew of it, then the communication to that effect must be 
made to the vessel oj an officer from one of the blockading 
shi os. Such ooniHUjni cation must be entered, in the ship's lo 
(diary) book, stating the aay and hour, as well as the eographio 
position of the vessel at the given moment, 

A neutral ship, leaving a blockaded port, must be allowed 
to do so without hindrance if, owlnfc to negiigenoe of the Com- 
mander of 'ibu blockading forces, the local authorities were not 
informed of the blockade, or ii , in having been Informed oj it, 




\>W ~ > T 

- 3 - 
the term has not been ffla&e known to them. 

1 7 

A neutral ship can he seised for bruauli of blockade only 
within the sphere of action of war vessels which are entrusted 
with maintaining the effectiveness of the blockade. 

13 « 

Blockading forces must not interfere with access tc neu- 

tral ports and coasts. 


If a vessel at ths moment he on her way to an im'blockaded 
port, and whatever may he her suboUvjuent destination, or the 
destination of her cargo, the breach of the blockade is not con- 
sidered sufficiently established to justify her seizure. 

If a shi;, violating the blockade by leaving a blockaded 
port, or "uy attempting to enter it, she is subject to seizure 
as long as she is pursued by a ship of the blockading force. If 
the chase after her be stopped, or if the blockade be suspended, 
she oannot, after this moment, be seized. 

i.. J. • 

A vessel found guilty of violating a blockade is confis- 
cated. The cargo also will be confiscated unless it be proved 
, it J he moment of shipping the cargo, the shipper did not 
and could not know of her Intention to violate the blockade. 


Chapter II # wi i »V ■ w i m — mu ni i i i. ■■■i 

War contraband . 

■ I I MM II ■!> H IT— i^ii ■— !<■,■■■ IK ■■!■■ 

As war contraband oy right,, are considered the foll07;ing 
article* and materials, designated as absolute contraband: 

1) All kinds of arms, including tnose used in hunting, as v. ell 
as their separate tenant parts. 

2) rojectiics, 3hell8 end triages of all kioas, i a weil aa 
eir Disparate component par%&, 

3) Gunpowder and explosive: . cially used in war. 


- 9 - 

4) Gun splints, caissons, limbers, vans, lie Id forges arid their 
component parts , 

5) Articles especially intended for field equipment and war 

6) Special harness for war purposes of any icind. 

7) Hiding, driving and pack animals, which aiay be suitable for 
army use . 

8) Articles of camp outfit and parts cf thorn, 

o ) Armor . 

10) WW vessels and "boots i nd their component parts, phien, 
owing to their characteristics, cannot ho i^ ed otherwise than 
for war vessels. 

11) Tools and apparatus intended exclusively for the preparation 
of war material, or for making :md repairing &xma and articles 
of either land or naval ©ojuipjiienft* 

tj - ,' • 

Articles and materials used exclusively for military pur- 
poses, may he added to the list of contraband by means of a special 
pub 1 is h ed no t ioe • 

This declaration is forwarded to the governments of other 
Powers, or to their representatives, accredited to the Power 
making the declaration. A declaration made after the beginning 
of hostilities, is forwarded to neutral Sowers only. 

Ac a war right, the following articles, ^aieh may serve 
war purposes, as well \ 3 c© requirements, coital* ..rod as 
"conditional coat ,id." 

1) provisions. 

2) Forage and ■ ■ .. for feeding animals. 

3) Clothing and toaterial for clothing, a: LI as -hoes hoot 
or sloes for i poaes^ 

4) Gold anc silver in J i , . /. 
6) All "teincs of carriages : for military pur- 
poses end their pa2ts. 

.. . .^ . 

- 1 J - 

6) Ships t "barges, boats ox any kind. , floating docks, parts of 
them and fcheiar s'epkrate parts, 

7) Railway material, permanent arid mobile, telegraph, radio- 
telegraph and telephone notorial. 

8) Aerostates and aeronautic apparatus, separate ..arts of them, 
as v/ell as appurtenances., articles tixUI material specially des- 
tined for aeronautical purposes. 

9) Fuel and lubricating materials, 

10} Gunpowder and explosives not used exclusively for way pur- 

11} Barbed wire, as wall as tools for securing and cutting the 
same . 

12} Horseshoes and forging material, 
13) Harness and saddles. 
14} Binoculars, telescopes, chronometers and various nautical! 

instruments . 


rfcioles and Materials, which raay servo for wair - as 
3 for peaceful purposes, not enumerated in Par. ZZ and 
24, uay subsequently be included as articles of conditional 
contraband ay means of a declaration, published in accordance 
wi th sf 1 pulat ions o f p , g , Par , g 5 . 

Should any fower not desira - inasfar as it may be it- 
self concerned - to consider as war contraband articles and 
materials, which belong to one of ths categories mentioned in 
r.22 and 24, it must make its intention by a declaration as 
prescribed in sx&xxsqsrja P*2 of ]?ar.83. 

Articles and mate rials which cannot be made to nerve fox 
Military purposes, cannot be dec feared to oe war contraband. 

:j:e following tlciefi cannot be i rod to oe war con- 

tr abend : 


— — m i .. 

- 11 - 

1) Xbm sil 1 .?., rv:u wool, silk, *ute, flax, hemp and other rav; 
material of textile industries, as well as their yarns, 

2) L T uts and cil-^iving seeds; copra. 

3) Caoutchouc, India rubber, g:tsm« hops. 

4) E&w hides, herns, bones and ivory,. 

5) Hatural and artiiieial manure, including nitrates and phos- 
phates, which are destined for agricultural purposes* 

£} neral ores. 

7) Earthy argyle, line, chalk, stones, including marble, brick, 
slate and tile. 

8) Porcelain and £lass. 

9} tpep and pulp prepared for its laanufaeturo . 

10 ) Soaps, mints, including materials, exclusively destined 
for their preparation, ana varnishes. 

11) Lime chlorite, scde aeide, caustic po&a f sulphate of soda 
in pieces, ammonium, sulphate of ammonium and sulphate of cop- 
per . 

12) Machinery for agriculture sad for mining industries, tex- 
tile industries and printing. 

13) rrecious and seni-preeioue stones, pearls, mother of pearl 
arc" corals. 

14) "'atchos and clocks, except chronometers. 

15) Articles of fashion and luxury. 

16) All kinds of leathers, hair and bristles. 

17) Furniture and ornamental articles; furniture aad 
ace es series . 

The folic." 7 in;-; article 3 c.all also not be considered as 
war o o n t r ab and : 

1) Articles and JTials ^ervin or the 

of ... i.c . !a;..:vjr, in case of urgent military necessity 

■; they r;:vy bo requisitioned < tsation, If t£ey 

are Lned as aontc Led t.' fcar< 3J. 


- 12 - 
2) Articles and materials, intended for the requirements of 
the ship on which they are found, or for the crew or passengers 
curing the voyage. 

Articles of absolute contraband are subject to seizure, 
if it be established that they are destined for the enemy ter- 
ritory, or lor a territory occupied by the enemy, or for enemy 
military or naval forces. They may be seised independently of 
whether they are shipped direct, or are to be transshipped, or 
are to be conveyed further by land, 
} 31. 

The destination mentioned in i J ar.30 is considered to he 
definitely proved, if: 

1) according to ships papers the cargo is to be discharged in 
an enemy port, or to be delivered to the enemy's armed forces; 

2) the ship must enter only enemy's ports, or if she must en- 
ter an enemy's port or join enemy's armed forces before enter- 
ing a neutral port, to which the bills of lading' are made out. 

{ 32. 

The ship's papers are full proof of the destination of 
the vessel carrying cargo which is absolute contraband, except 
when it is evident that she has deviated from the route, which 
she ought to have tafeei according to her documents, and when she 
cannot give satisfactory reasons for such deviation. 

33 . 

Articles of conventional contraband are subject to 
seizure if it^e proved that they are destined for military 
forces or authorities of the enemy's country, unless, in the 
latter ease, circumstances prove that, in reality, the goods 
cannot be used in the war actually going on. 'I'his latter 

clause does not refer to articles mentioned in p.4,of rar.£4. 


- 13 - 


The destination of the cargo, as contemplated by Par, 
33, is presumed to he proved if the cargo he addressed to enemy 
authorities, or to a merchant, residing in the enemy ! s cotmtry 
and of whom it is known that lie is supplying' such articles and 
goods to the enemy. The same rule is applied also in the case 
when the cargo is destined to an enemy's fortified place or, to 
some other point serving as base for the enemy's armed forces. 
However, such presumption is not applied to the merchant vessel 
rself, which is on her way to any such place and to which the 
inherent character of contraband is presumably to be applied . 

In absence of the above ;;entioned presumptions, the ship's 
destination is considered to be of innocent character. 

The presumptions established 1j2{ this section admit 
proofs to the contrary. 


Articles of conditional contraband cannot be seized 
otherwise than on board of the ship, proceeding to a locality 
belonging to the enemy, or occupied by him, or towards a base 
of his battle forces, and which, furthermore, must not discharge 
the contraband goods in any neutral port on her way. 

The ship's papers are full evidence ox)&he ship's voyage, 
as well as of the place of discharging the cargo, unless 3he be 
met after having deviated from the route, which she should have 
taken according to her papers and when she cannot give satis- 
factory explanation for such deviation. 


In modification of iar. 35, should the enemy territory 
not have sea frontiers, the articles of conditional contraband 
are subject to seizure, if it be proved that they are destined 
as contemplated in Par. 33. 


A ship carrying articles which are subject to seizure 
either as absolute, or as conditional contraband, may be :.cir,od 


- 14 - 
in open sea, or in the waters of the parties at war &% any time 
during the voyage, even should she propose to enter some port 
of call on the way before reaching the enemy destination. 

A seizure cannot ho made for having previously carried 
contraband, when this action has been completed. 

Contraband articles are subject to confiscation. 

Confiscation of a ship carrying contraband may be effected 
if the contraband, in value, weight, or volume, or if amount 
of freight (itlg , is greater than half of the whole .cargo. 

If a ship, carrying contraband, be released, it is liable 
for all expenses incurred by the captor during the .Prise Court 
proceedings, as well as expenses for maintenance of the ship 
and her cargo during the proceedings. 

Goods belonging to the owner of the contraband and found 
on the sane ship, are subject to confiscation. 

Should a ship, met at sea, not know of the beginning of 
war operations, or of the declaration on contraband possibly 
appliable to her cargo, then the contraband articles cannot be • 
confiscated v/ithout paying compensation; the ship herself and 
the rest of the cargo are exempt from seizure and from expenses 
contemplated in Par. 41. The same rule is applied in case the 
captain - having learnt of the beginning of war operations, or 
of the declaration of contraband - has not had time to remove 
the contraband cargo from his ship. 

A ship is considered to bo informed of the breaking- out 
of the war, or of the declaration of contraband, in case she 
has left a neutral port after 3uch information of the beginning 



m ■ 

— . 

- 15 - 
of war and declaration of contraband have in due time "been 
communicated to the Power, to which said port "belongs. The 
state of war is, moreover, considered to be known to the ship, 
if she has left some enemy port after the beginning of war 


A ship stopped for carrying contraband and not confis- 
cated by reason of the relatively small quantity of it on board, 
may be allowed to continue her trip according to circumstances, 
should the captain be willing to deliver the contraband to the 
war vessel making the seizure. 

The delivery of the contraband will be noted by the cap- 
tor on the log book of the vessel stopped, and the captain of 
the latter must deliver to the captor duly certified copies of 
all necessary documents. 

The captor may destroy all the contraband thus delivered 
to him. 

Chapter III. 
Services rendered to 

the fighting parties. 


A neutral vessel is confiscated and generally is subject 
to all consequences to which it would be liable if confiscated 
for carrying contraband: 

1) when she undertakes the voyage especially for the trans- 
port of passengers forming part of the enemy armed forces, or 
for transmission of information in the interests of the enemy; 

2) if, with the knowledge of her owner, or of the person who 
has loaded her, or of the captain, she b« transporting a mili- 
tary detachment, or any persons, who during the voyage have 
itteocfcx exercise cj&irect relations with the enemy's operations. 

In such cases (as above mentioned) the goods belonging 
to the shipowner, arc also subject to confiscation. 




- 16 - 

Che stipulations of the present section are not applied 
if the ship - at the time when she was encountered at sea - 
did not know of the war operations, or if the captain, after 
having learnt of their "banning, had not had time to disembark 
the persons travelling on board of his ship. A vessel is con- 
sidered to he informed of the state of war: if she has left an 
enemy port after the hostilities began; or a neutral port after 
the declaration of the beginning of war operations was made, in 
due time, to the Power, to whom said port belongs* 


A neutral ship is confiscated and generally subject to 
all consequences to which it would be liable if it were an ene- 
my's merchant vessel: 

1) hen it takes an active part in war operations; 

2) when it is under the order or control of an agent appointed 
to the ship by the enemy government; 

3) when it is freighted by the enemy government; 

4} when at the moment it is employed exclusively either for 
the transport of enemy's troops, or for transmission of informa- 
tion in the enemy's interests. 

In cases contemplated by the present section, the goods 
belonging to the shipowner, are also subject to confiscation. 

Aiiy person belonging 'bo the armed forces of the enemy, 
who may <.e discovered on a neutral ship, may be made war ris- 
oner, even if there be no ground for the seizure of the ship. 

Chapter IV. 
."D estruction of neutral 

A neutral 3hip seized cannot be destroyed by the taker, 
but must be convoyed to at Dome port in order tliat a legal de- 
cision be given on the lawfulness of the seizure. 

- 17 - 

As an exception, a neutral ship seized by a vessel of 
a belligerent and subject to confiscation, may be destroyed if 
the carrying out of the provisions of far. 48 should make it 
dangerous for the war vessel, or for the success of operations 
in which at the time it was engaged. 


Before destroying a vessel, safety of all persons on 


board roust be provided for and all documents and other arti- 
cles, v/hich the interested parties deem it necessary for the 
investigation into the lawfulness of the seizure, must be 
transferred to the war vessel. 


The captor who has destroyed a neutral ship, must, be- 
fore the legal settlement on the question of the lawful In ess 
of the seizure, prove by facts that he acted only in conse- 
quence of an exceptional emergency, as foreseen by far .49. 
Should he not do so, he is obliged to compensate interested 

rties for losses, independently on whether the confiscation 
will be judged to be legal, or not. 


Should the seizure of a neutral ship - the destruction 
of which was justified - be afterwards recognised as having 
been without sufficient reasons, the captor must then 
compensate the interested parties, instead of returning them 
the destroyed goods, to which they would be entitled by law. 


Should neutral goods, not subject to confiscation, have 
been destroyed together with the ship, their owner is entitled 
to compensation. 


The oaptor has the right to exact that goods, subject 
to confiscation be turned over to him, or ho ean destroy them, 
if such goods wore found on a ship, r.hich though* not subject 

- 13 - 
to confiscation, the circumstances are such, that according to 
i ; ar.49, they would justify the destruction of a ship subject 
to confiscation. The captor makes in the log book of the seized 
ship a statement of all articles turned over to him, or destroyed, 
and directs the captain to hand him a certified copy of all 
documents, which he may need* After such transfer, or destruc- 
tion, and after the carrying out of all formalities, the cap- 
tain must be allowed to continue his voyage. 

In this case the provisions of Par. 51 - 52 must be com- 
plied with hy the captor who destroyed the neutral ship. 

Chanter V. 
Change of flag. 

The transfer of an enemy ship to a neutral flag before 
the beginning of war operations, will be valid, imless it be 
established that ouch transfer took place in order to avoid 
consequences dependent on enemy character of the ship. Such 
transfer is also -resumed to/be invalid if the document to that 
effect is not on board of the ship and if, moreover, she has 
lost her former nationality less than 60 days before the be- 
ginning of war operations. Proofs to the contrary are admitted. 

The validity of a transfer effected more than 30 days 
before the beginning of war operations, is considered as cer- 
tainly proved, if the transfer is absolute, full, and in con- 
formance with the laws of the respective countries, and if the 

lent of the ship and her revenues do not remain in the 
e hands as before such transfer. Should, however, the shi 
have lost the enemy nationality less than 60 days before the 
beginning of hostilities and the documents of transition be 
not on board of the shi;, the seizure of the sane docs not en- 
title to compensation for losses. 

- 19 - 
The transfer of an enemy ship to a neutral Hag, when 
made after the beginning of war operations is invalid, unless 
it he -roved that such transfer was not mode in order to avoid 
consequences de endent on her character 80 an enemy vessel. 

However, the presumption of the invalidity is uncondi- 
tional : 

1) If the transfer wag made Yfhen the ship was making a voyage, 
or when it is in a blockaded port; 

2) If there he a right of repurchase, or a claim for return; 

3) If the conditions, under which the transfer of the flag - 
according to the laws of the flag hoisted - is subject^ hi ve 
not been complied with. 

Chapte r VI. 

Belonging t o the enemy. 
V ith the reservation in regard to Regulations, governing 
the transfer of flag, the neutral or enemy character of a ship 
is determined by the flag, which she is entitled to hoist. 

The qr.estion in regard to cases when neutral' ships 
make voyages prohibited to foreigners in time of peace, re- 
mains open and is in no way foreseen by the present rule. 

The neutral or enemy character of goods, found on board 
of an enemy ship, is determined by the character of their owner. 

Should the neutral chacter of the cargo discovered on 
board of an enemy ship* not be determined, the goods are con- 
si dor ed to belong to the enemy. 

The enemy character of goods, 3hip;;ea on board of an 
cmy ship, remains invariable until their arrival st destin- 
ation, independently of the possible change of owner, which 
may have happened during the cruise after wax operations had 

- £0 - 
However, should the former neutral owner - before the 
seizure of the ship and in ease of bankruptcy of the enemy 
owners - exercise the right of suina; Tor the return of the 
goods to himself, then the c ;oods resume their neutral character. 

Chapter VII. 

^■1|iii l» |i »TI .* lm»um i M i « MM i h —ii m ,i| 

The escort . 

>— www — mi « ■ • ti n . ■! !—■■■ 


Heutral ships under an escort of their flag are free 
from visit and search. The escort commanding officer gives, 
upon the request of the commander of the war -vessel, every in- 
formation as to the character of the ships and their cargoes, 
which might have been obtained by searching. 

.62 < 

Should the commanding officer of a war vessel of a 
belligerent sdccKa: have reasons to suspect that the escort com- 
mander has been misled, he informs him of his suspicions. The 
escort commander '.lone has in such cases the right to visit 
the vessel. Ke must state the results of his search in a re- 
port of v.hich a copy is ;:iven, sxofotextaafccs; to an officer of 
the war vessel, should, in the opinion of the escort coramariler, 
the circumstances thus established justify the seizure of one, 
or several, ships, the .latter must be deprived of the protcc- 

ion of the escort. 

Chanter VIII 

2;c si stance to visit and search. 


Resistance by farrce to a legal right of stopping, search- 
ing and seizing a .-ship, leads always to confiscation of the 
acme. The cargo und erodes the same consequences as a cargo of 
an onemy ship; goods bolon to the captain or to the ship- 
owners, are considered as enemy t ;.oods. 


.^ .^ 

- ai - 

Chapter IX. 
Conroe nsa t ion for lo ss es • 

l- ■ ir*r ji i n ii _ ... . 


It the seizure of a ship or of goods be not recognised 
as Justified by a legal decision, or ix, without submission to 
legal proceedings, the seizure has been denied, then the In- 
terested parties are entitled to compensation for losses, un- 
less there be sufficient reasons for justifying the seizure 
of the ship or of the cargo . 


«*• ^ £j mm 

r io llaval kept order 
Explanation of 9 September, 1914 

Ho .304, 
regarding adaptation of the llaval 

Prise Huloa v/it h the "Rules of Ila- 

val War." 

'The Imperial Ukas dated 1st September 1914 prescribes 
that the "Rules of llaval War", established by the London Con- 
ference with certain amendments and supplements (mentioned in 
the Ukas ) v. ill be provisionally applied in the operations of 
the present war. Consequently, in regard to naval prises, be- 
sides the llaval Prise Rules (annexe to P. 3 53 of book X of the 
Code of Kav.Reg.} the above mentioned "Rules", amendixig and 
supplementing said liavy Regulation, must be applied. However, 
in practice, the application of such varying and net co-ordin- 
ated rules may create difficulties and misunderstandings. 

In order to avoid such cases, on seme points it will 

be sufficient to call the attention o.f officers as to which 

special sections of the llaval Prise Rules or supplement sec- 
tions of the Rules of llaval ?"ar and by which of the latter 
they are go modified. In this regard it is to be noted that: 
1) Section 6 of the llaval Prise Rules, prescribing the manner 
of searching neutral ship3, under escort of war-vessels is 
amended and supplemented by sections 61 and 62 of the "Rules 
of Naval War" ; 

h) Section 7 of the Raval Prise Rule qfe one erning the determin- 
ation and transfer of nationality of a ship - by Par .55 to 
57 of the Rules of Raval; 

3) the note to of the ilcval Prise Rules, concerning 
the property found on board of an enemy ship - by rar.58 to 
60 of the Rules of llaval War; and 

4) Par. 14 of the llaval Prise Rules, concerning tho seizure 
of military contraband without seising the vessel on which 
the same is transported - by Par. 44 and 54 of the Rules of lla- 
val V.'ar. 

- 23 - 

3ut the principal difficulties and misunderstandings 
may arise on most important and constantly raised questions 
as to what ships and cargos are subject to seizure and confis- 
cation. Regarding this point, section 9 of IJav&l Price 
remains in force and directs that all siiipa and cargos which 
are liable to be confiscated as prises are subject to seizure. 
Then, after par. 10 (also regaining in force), establishing in- 
stances of confiscation of the enemy ahips with their cargo, 
followed Bar»ll * fore seeing ail cases of confiscation of neu- 
tral ships, and Par, 12, -foreseeing all cases of confiscation 
cargos of neutral ships. Corresponding to that and to the "In- 
structions" of the Admiralty Council on the order of stopping, 

Par. 26 of the appendix to ITaval Prize Rules in 
searching and seizing ships and carg03 Par .37 was concentrated 

all eases of seizure, or confiscation, of neutral ships, and 
also in Par, 3 8 - all cases of seizing or confiscating of car- 
gos shipped on neutral ships. -Besides the two sections of the 

vtxl ?rise Bules, 9 and 12, and the two paragraphs of the "In- 
struction 11 37 and 38, corresponding' to them, are amended and 
supplemented by several sentences of the Haval xrise Hules in 
v rioua places of the text, -md. now in 'cheir turn amended and 
Bup Icaented by special orders, contained in the newly given 
Imperial tfkae* Besides, the contraband itself is now divided 
into absolute and conditional, with establishment of different 
reasons for the seizing and confiscation of articles under 
either heading. In order to facilitate the tical applica- 
tion of these various rules, scattered about aithout Byatai , 
contradicting and niodifying one the other in most impox'tant 
questions, the various cases .re grouped under the following 

aeral headings: I) 1 cases of confiscation of neutral 


ships, II) all cases of confiscation of cargos of neutral ships 
and III) the chief principles on which are based the seizure 
and confiscation of articles of absolute and conditional con- 
traband, with note3 undor each point of these throe sections 

- 24 - 
of Biioh rules of the liaval Prise Kules; of the Rules of Kami 
War and of the Imperial TJka:-:, which must "be tafeen for guidance. 
I) Her chant ships of neutral nationality are subject to con- 
fiscation as prizes in the following ee.<>es; 

1} '"hen they are caught in the act of transport ing 
military contraband subject to seizurefsec.IIl ) f if the &am 
exceeds "by volume, or by weight, or by value, or by amount of 
freight charges, the half of the whole cargo; provided it is 
not proved that the "beginning of hostilities, or that the no- 
tification of articles declared contraband ~ to which the car- 
go, or a part of the cargo may belong- - was unknown to the 
ship; or that the captain, having learned of the beginning of 
military operations, or of the contraband declaration, had not 
yet load time to remove the contraband from his ship. 

Faval Prize Pules, Article 11, par.i, sections a and b, 

Rales of liaval War, sections 40 and 43, and bearing on them 

sections 50 - 39 « 

Hote: A neutral ship, which having carried contraband 
to the enemy under cover of false documents, is 
subject to seizure and confiscation for the 
transport of such contraband if she be met before 
the end of her return voyage. Imp ,TIk:az,rar.2, 
Rules of Par, 38. 

2) When they are caught in the act of violating block- 
ade and it may not be xoroved that the establishment of the 
blockade was unknown to the ship. 

Uaval Prize Roles, Par, 11, p. 2; Jftuies of liaval 
ar, Par. £1, 14 - 20. 

3) Vhcn they have resisted by force stopping, search 
or seizure. 

ilaval L : ri::e, xar. 11, p. 3; Pules of liaval 
ar, par. 63. 

4) en thoy have taken an active part in the enemy's 
lailit-' r; rations . 

Ilaval Prize Pules, xar ,11, p. 4; hulas of liaval Y.'ar, 
Par .46, p.l. 


{8 ^^^TOm^jj 

- £6 - 

5 ) Tucn they are ftotoad under the command or control of 
on agent, placed on board of the ship "by the enemy government. 
BttleS of Laval V'ar, lia .46, p.£. 

6; then they are freighted wholly by the enemy govern- 
ment. Sales of havnl War, £G&\ 46 , p. 3. 

7) WheB they are, at the given moment and exclusively, 
occupied cither in trans porting enemy troops, or trans flitting 
information in the enemy interests. 

Sules of ITaval far, jajj* 46, p»4. 

3 1 When they have been caught in a voyage undertaken 
especially for the transport of individual passengers, belong- 
ing to any army unit of the enemy, or in transmitting informa- 
tion in the enemas interests, as well \?hen as they have been 
ttght in the act of transporting - with the knowledge of the 
ship's owner g or of the person having wholly freighted the 
vessel, or of the captain - a detachment of the enemy's troops, 
or one, or several persons who, during the voyage, have directly 
contributed to the war operations of t'fc* no my, if in such 
oases it may not be proved that the beginning of hostilities 
was unhnov.Ta to the ship, or that the captain, having learned 
of the outbreak of the War, had not yet had time to land such 
persons from his ship. 

:val .rise Hulas, Pari 11* p« 1, letter _c; Rules of 

Baval War, Par. 45, 
II) The cargo of neutral merchant ships is subject to confis- 

tion rises 

1} m it consists in goods subject to confiscation 
military contr i, if not proved that the beginning of 
hostilities, Or the declaration of contraband including goods 
of the hind to Which the whole , or part, of the ship i 
"Dolori^s, was unknown to the ship; or he c 
learned of the beginning of war operations, or of the Oec'Ura- 
tion of contraband, had not ao yet been able to discharge the 

- 26 - 

contraband goods. 

llaval Prize Rules Per* XZ t p*l| Ettlee of H&val V : a;j*, 
X, 39, 30 - 37, 
2) "'hen it beloipge to the corner of ! id goods cud le 

on board of the same ship. 

;:ules of %yp,l War., Per* 4B« 
3} lien it is shipped on board of a vessel subject to confis- 
cation on ground of p. 2, section I, if not proved that, at 
the time of shipping the car^O, the person so shipping it did 
not, and could not, &aew of the ship ! s intention to violate 
the blochade. 

aval Prize Kales, Per. 12, p.S; Fules of Kaval War, 
r. 21. 

4) When it is shipped on board of a vessel subject to confis- 
cation on ground of p.p» 3-7, section I, exception being how- 

r for goods exempted from confiscation on board of 
energy ships bv Par. 10 of the llaval Prise Eules, but with the 
appropriate application of the ilote to that same section and 
of the Par. 53-60 of the Rule 3 of llaval 7;ar, c.nd with the ox- 
tension of 'he confiscation to goods belonging to the captain 
or to the owner of the ship. 

llaval Pr i za Pru.cs, Par. in t -p. 2; Rules Par. 46 and 63, 

50 - 60. 

5) When it is shipoed on a vessel, subject to confiscation on 
ground of p. 8 of section I, and consists of goods belonging: to 
the ship owner. ules of ^av« ar, £ar« 4. r ). 

III. rticies forming; contraband, both absolute c.nd condi- 
tional, i re .Tecisely enuioerated in rar. 1 of the Uktxx of 1st 
September 19X4 (aee P«13 of Uaval Prize Rules, and alee p. 22 
and PA of Hales of liav. V.'ar, v.hich were thereby amended}; The 
principal reasons lor the seizure and confiscation of objects 
of both cate$orie8 of contraband a follows: 
1) Goods forming absolute contra'. C subject ; otzuro 

- c 7 - 

and ecnfi3 cation If it be established that their destination 
is the enemy territory, or a territory occupied by hj& f or by 
his araoG. forces. It is imsaatei til if the forwarding of such 
goods be aaa&e oither by disroot t: It, by transshipment, or 
in oopsbination wi,th farther conveyance by land. 

Rales of haval 'Var, fer, 30 mid 39. 
2) ihe destination foreseen in p. 1 is 'considered to be fin- 
ally proved in the follow lap saeess l; jfeeu the ctrpo, record - 
j to doe-tifients , is destined to "be unloaded in an enemy's 
art, or for his i d forces; 2) ^hen the ship must enter only 
•n&sgr's ports, or when she mast enter an enemy's port, or meet 
his ; ~ ■ . forces before entering a neutral port to which the 
bills of lading are wade out . 

rules of ITeval "'ar far. 31 and 32 ♦ 
Z] Articles of conditional oontrabanfi $re subject to seisure 
and ©onfiBoation if. it be established, that they are destined 
for the araod forces or for the government of the cranny, ex- 
cept if in this latter ease, ctrcuListanees prove tiiat in re- 
ality the K-iv. ,;ods cannot he used in the enlstinp F/ar; this 

IpujLation cannot tv. : plied to goods mentioned in p. 4 of 
section S of Pi r. JL of the Ukafl of the 1st Gepteater 1914,* 

Rules of Haval ' ar. Par* 33 and 39; UJmz .. .1. 

The afclp'B destination, as (anticipated ) contemplated in 

:r.T, is presumed to 'ved in Ihe case of the aargo being . 

addressed to ensBff's officiate, or to a aerehunt residing the 

■ ■ '■$ country and of ahoa. it is known that he is the surveyor 

to ay of goodi d materials of that hind; also if the 

>ds are dire ;, ; , or ffcr him, or 

to a Merchant, or t o : a., o trcon, in the service of the 

y, or for such merchant or such person. (*) 

*Uote.- This refers to gold* silver and money. 
(*) Even though all IheBe/persons he residing in a neutral 


& H Mi 

I he same rule, vvill be applied also in the cose of the cargo's 
destination being a fortified place of the enemy, or an;/ other 
locality serf lag as base for the enemy's armed forces; however 
this ^resumption is not appiiable to the merchant ship herself, 
proceeding- towards any such locality, in regard to Which the 
character of the cargo is ad^ud^cd as contraband. 

In the absence of such pre sump ti ons, the ship's destin- 
ation v/ill be presumed innocent. 

Ihese presumptions allow proofs to the contrary. 

Bule3 of llaval far, far. 34; Wm% lar, d, 
f> ) Conditional contraband, if its destination as mentioned in 
par.3 be proved, is subject to seizure t ad confiscation, with- 
out regard to wbat port the ship may be bound and independently 
of the poart to ahieh her ea2*gO may be addressed* 

Ukaa Bar* 5, hliies ot favai war, rar. 36. 

Independently of what is stated above, it is necessary 
to pay special attention to bhe important modification of ex- 
isting regulations, limiting the right to (<. oy neutral 
ships (with their cargo) on an order of haval commanders. 
fhis Ldnent makes the distinction that, together with sev- 

1 cases contemplated oy far. Si of the Haval Pasise rales, 
far. 49 of the fuies of i'aval war permits the destruction of a 
seized neutral ship exclusively v/hon her conv' ce to a proper' 
port entails danger for the warship executing the seizure, or 
for the success of flie operations in v.hi<;h she may be at the 
time en d; and instead of the eompenaation for d< 'yoe 
property, cslabiished op j ȣ9 of ihe . . tales ;Whioh 

is paid only when the vessel is judged to bo entitled to lib- 
eration, sections 51-03 of the 3 ilea of naval war [iresftri be 

t compensation for losses in ease of the destruction of a 
neutral ship {and her car^o ) is due also when the destruction 
was not justified by &n urgency foreseen by far .49, 


- 29 - 
the vessel nay have ooQn suujeet to confiscation. Besides, in 
conformance with £ar# 54, fcl* same rules are extended to the 
destruction of articles taken off such ship, which afterwards 
has been allowed to continue her route (eomp. far .44), * 

At the same time Par. 51 - 54 of the Pules of Ilaval 
;r direct that the captor who has destroyed a neutral ship (with 
Cargo, or portions of it) must, "before any examination as to 
the lawfulness of the seisure, prove that he has acted so only 
la view of exceptional emei-geney, as contemplated b'y Par .49. 
^herei'ore, naval chiefs, who have ordered the destruction of 
a neutral ship (with cargo or portions of it, must establish 
at the time proofs that they have acted so only under force of 
emergency (Par. 353 cf Paval Statute); and Prize Courti;, before 
examining Questions as to whether the property is subject to 
confiscation, or liberation, and as to refusal, or payment to 
owners of compensation for looses - tmxefc decide especially as 
to whether such destruction was proper, or not, and only af- 
ter that will proceed to decide other pending questions.! * ) 
Appeal on such prior decisions will be allowed only after the 
judgement on the case as a whole, toge trier with the appeal on 
this judgement, but not apart from it; this results as much a 
consequence of the general rules of prise jurisdiction* (In 
order to avoid delay In the proceedings, complaints on part de- 
cisions, ri/ithcut joining in the appeal, are allowed only in 
certain case3 specially mentioned in the Paw), as of motives, 
forming the basis of iar.51 of the Pules of Laval I'ar. 
* In relation to enemy ships and cargo s the .Par.^1 and 29 of 
Regulations on ;;aval Prices remain in force fully. 
(*) It must .tionc b the inclusion In *74 cf the 
Uaval Pri:x- Rules of rules on the ju. )y the Courts "ox 
officio' Independently of vi by pba erected (Par. 

37 Paval Prist Pules}, in fiuou lions of confiscation or libera- 
tion not only in oases of & i creeping of seized property, but 
also of its dcstrnetlon b;/ or dor of a llavol Chief, has its 

' , v *m» ^ i+*m*rirmmmimmmM'*mra<£>v!mi*^mirv u *mi> Mm tmmmt n j 

m i^ M i i wrrnwinrow—ir "i »■ *""»" i •—** 


- 30 - 
s.ln regard to the last nention, it should "be added, that 
the real 5ons3 of the rules* $8t&Mtehed by the l»ondou ;onfer- 
enee of 1906 - 1909 ana accepted b^ t&g delegates of t!he Po?/- 

ers in the form of "Deolamt ion on the right of m.Tt&% war", is 
clearly exposed In tfea reports submitted to tha Conference "by 
the 2&itiri£ ooiaraittee , ;.hieh mm% therefore be token into con- 
sideration by the frlse Courts in all doubtful o:.scs, which may 
arise as to oho oicact una or standing of ono or other of these 
rules (see e&« of Mija#For.Aff » IglD'i p&gee - 33-103), 

(signed) Vice Admiral llnssin,, chief of Kavsl 
General Staff, and privy counsellor. 

T. Stehlin Kamonsky,. aetlag prosecutor of the 
. . -rise Court, legal adviser (Jurisconsult) of the llin. of 
the K'avy. 

origin in The right of the orew to a t of the prise (apart 
uia compem on to owaex , ^ow this rieoenei.1 

OB nv ' . e, hy Htf\ J ad 

B57 (1914) Ltled to a purt la the 

>ra bs . 


w .«MHrtMHMHrttu>n« 





° FMCE of Naval Intelligence 


April 27, 1915. 

Ifote: The following is an extract from a personal 
letter received from the Uaval attache, r'etrograd. dated 
February 16, 1915: 

"2 fc *es of the ..nasi;: nations to 
aval war Rnlca, :;es and Contraband, bey are, I 
believe, exactly ' . e as tlie Regulations published 

bhe British Government. .o RritisJ aval Attache" 
says they are . 

I announce to the Fleet and to the Ministry of the TIavy, 
for compliance with and execution, the Imperial Ulcaz to the 
governing Senate, dated this 8th December, published in the 
Collection of laws and legislative Government's Orders (1914, 
Ho. 347, Par. 3310), (given to act) instead of the IP. 1-5 of 
the Imperial Ukaz, dated September 1st a.c. (Coll. of Laws 
and leg.ord. No. 249, x-ar.£352) f re the application of Naval 
T/ar rules, established by the London IJaval Conference of 1908- 

At the same time I prescribe to take for guidance in 
future the "Explanation" added to my order Ho. 304, of Sep- 
tember 9th, and the following complement to the same. 

(Signed) General aide-de-camp Grigorovich, 

Minister of the Wavy. 

Despatched by the Uaval General Staff. 

Imoerial Ukaz. 
to the Governing Senate, 
binding it useful, in Goriuequence of the agret t con- 
cluded with the allied governments of Prance and Great Britain, 



niMMnwMMHaMa* 4 



Oefice of Naval Intelligence 


April 27, 1915. 

ftote: ie following is an extract from a personal 

letter received fron the Ilaval .Attache, .eetrograa, &at( 

February 16, 1915: 

"I forward copies oi the R&ssian Regulations to 
Haval War Holes, -rises and Contrr 1« They are, 1 
believe, es o same as the Regulations published 

by the British Government . te Britisl .aval Attache 
says they are . " 


,- . / , 



■H SH 

I H tm 

■ ■ 

■ ■ 







ftp ■ 


Office of Naval Intelligence, 

April 27, 1915. 



Imperial Ulcaz 
modifying the articles 1-5 of the Imperial Ukaz 
on the application of Uaval War Rules, established 
by the London Havsl Conference of 1908 - 1909 and 
Supplement to the "Explanation" added to the Minis- 
ter's of the Navy order No. 304, of September 9,1914. 
2 r a ns iat e & b y Mi s s 13 . £ . I omine , 
Revised by Captain N.A.lleCull; 

Order to the Fleet and to the Ministry of the ITavy 
Ho. 435 of December 19, 1914, ietrograd. 

I announce to the Fleet and to the Ministry of the Navy, 
for compliance with and execution, the Imperial UTcaz to the 
governing Senate, dated this 8th December, published in the 
Collection of laws vji& legislative Government's Orders (1914, 
ITo . 347, Par. 3310), (given to act) instead of the IP. 1-5 of 
the Imperial Ukaz, dated September 1st a.c. (Coll. of Laws 
and leg.ord. No. 249, .car. 2352), re the application of Naval 
War rules, established by the London Naval Conference of 1908- 

At the same time I prescribe to take for guidance in 
future the "Explanation" added to my order ITo . 304, of Sep- 
tember 9th, and the following complement to the same. 

(Signed) General aide-de-camp Grigorovich, 

Minister of the Navy. 

Despatched by the Naval General Staff. 

Imperial Ukaz. 
to the Governing Senate. 
"in ding it useful, in consequence of the agreement con- 
cluded with the allied governments of France and Great Britain, 



4 i tm 

XK^ t 

- 2 - 

to^ modify and complement the PP. 1-5 of Our Ukaz, given to the 
governing Senate on the 1st day of September a. e. (Coll. Laws 
P.2352), on the application of rules of Heval Var, established 
"by the London Kaval Conference of 1907 « 1909, raid approving the 
conclusion of the Council of Ministers on this subject, We Order: 

Instead of J-P.l-5 of the above mentioned Bfca-s, to take 
for guidance the following: 


Absolute contraband will, be considered: 

(1) All kinds of arms, including hunting and sporting arms, as 
well as ssixfeg separate parts of such. 

(2) -unit ion, projectiles and cartridges of every kind and their 
single separate parts. 

(3) Gunpowder and explosives specially used in war operations. 

(4) Sulphuric acid. 

(5) Guns stands, caissons, limbers, cars, field black-smith 
shops and their single separate parts. 

(6) Telemeters and their single separate parts. 

(7) All kinds of objects of military equipment and outfit. 

{'8 ) Riding, driving and pack-saddle animals good for army use. 

(9) Military horses outfit of every .kind. 

flO) Objects of camp outfit and their single separate parts. 

(11) A r mo r p 1 a t i n& . 

(12) Hed iron ore and cast iron, made of such, in blocks, (pigs ) 

(13) ?yr i te o f iron . 

(14) Nickel ore and metal. 

(15) Chrome iron and ore. 

(16) Copper not worked in articles. (Unwrought copper) 

(17) Lead in blocks, 3heets and pipes. 

(18 ) Alumintnm. 

(19) Ferrosilicates. 

(20) Barbed wire and the tools serving for its fa stoning and 
cut t ing . 



- o - 

(21) '"arships and "boats and their single separate parts util- 
izable only for a warship. 

(22) Aeroplanes, aerostates, air-balloons and all kinds of ap- 
paratuses for aerostation, their single separate parts, and ac- 
cessories, objects and materials, evidently destined for aero- 

(23) Automobiles of every kind and their single separate parts. 

(24) Automobile tires; Indian rubber (crude rubber) 

(25) Mineral oils, benzine and other 'kinds of liquid fuel for 
motors of internal combustion, (lubricating oils exclusive ). (ex- 
cluding lubricating oils). 

(26) Instruments and tools destined exclusively for the fabri- 
cation of battle munitions, arms making and repairing, for the 
preparation of objects of military equipment (naval as well as 
land ) . 

As oqai.itioiial contraband is considered: 

(1) Victuals. 

(2) i'orage and food for animals. 

(3) Clothing and elothing material, as tvoII as footgear proper 
for army use. 

(4; Cold and silver In coin and bullion, paper money. 

(5) Carts of any kind (automobiles excepted) proper for array 
use and their single separate parts. 

(6) Ships and boats of any kind, floating docks, parts of docks 
as well as single separate parts of such. 

(7) Railway material, immovable and movable, materials for tel- 
egraphs, radiotelegraphs and telephones. 

(8) Fuel, with exclusion of mineral oils, benzine and other 
liquid fuel for motors of internal combustion; lubricating mat- 

(9) Gunpowder and explosives used not exclusively for military 

(10) Sulphur. 
(11 ) Glycerine. 

(12) Horse-shoes and blacksmith mater ial • 

(13; Articles of saddling and driving horses outfit. 

(14) Hides and leather of all hinds, dry or wet. pig skins raw 

or prepared, leather raw or prepared proper for making saddles 

and driving outfit or military hoots. 

(15} Binoculars, f ieldglasses, chronometers and various navi- 

gational instruments . 

A neutral ship, the documents of which show a neutral 
destination, hut which, conti'arily to the destination shewn by 
her papers, takes direction to an enemy 1 s port, will be subject 
to seizure and confiscation, if she be encountered before the 

end of her next following cruise 



Che ttestination of a ship, foreseen by far. 33 of the 
"Rules of llaval V.'ar" , established by the London Laval Conference, 
is presumed to the proved - except the cases mentioned in Par. 
34 of the ,T ?oiIes" - even when the cargo is addressed to an agent 
of an enemy State, or for him. 


In modification of far. 35 of the "Rules of Naval War", 
established by the London li'aval Conference , objects of condi- 
tional contraband are subject to seizure on board of a ship, 
bound to a neutral port, if the respective poods are sent "to 
order", or if the ship documents do nox design the consignee of 
the goods, or if they design e consignee located on the enemy's 
territory, or on a territory occupied by the enemy. 

In cases mentioned in the present rar., the obligation 
to prove that the destination of the respective goods was not a 
prohibited one, lies with their owner. 


If the Ri n Government dna the convict ion that the 
Government enemy obtains supplies for its armed forces from any 


5 - 

neutral country, or through the same, the Minister of the llavy, 
on an agreement with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, is entit- 
led to take such aseasiayes as say he aeeessary in order that the 
Par, 55 not be applied to ships hound to any port of such neutral 
country. Such \iieasrros mutst be published in the "Collection of 
laws find legislative dispositions of the Government" and will 
regain in force until revocation. During the action of such dis- 
position a ship, transporting' conditional contraband to a port 
of the respective designed country, will not be free of seizure. 
The governing Senate will do the necessary for a proper 
execution of the above. 

The original bears the signature in Imperial Maj- 
esty's own handwriting, 

In Eiazan 8 December 1914. 
Countersigned: sereiary of state Goremykin, 

President of the Ministers Council.. 

To order So. 435 to fleet and 
llavy department of 19 December 

C omp lement vo tne i "Explanati on" jjojlneei 

to The Hi nister 's of l~he ITavy order Ho . 

50 4 of the 9th September 19 14 . 

(Changes apply to original order only) 

1) General references in tho preface >art of the "Explana- 
tion" to the Imperial Ukaz dated 1st September a.c, are comple- 
mented by references on the Imperial Ukaz dated Oth December 

2) Note to p.l of section 1 to be modified as follows; 

" A ship of neutral n a tionali ty (the words underlined 
indicate only change from wording of section 2.) tho (board) 
documents of which show a neutral dest ion, "but which, contrar- 
ily to the destination shown by her papers, takes direction 
towards an enemy' 3 port, will be subject to seizure and confis- 

.M -* 

• - 6 - 
cation, if encountered before the end of her next follovTing 

Imp. Uk. 8 Dec. P.S; oomp. ?lu!.,- Par. 38. 

3) At the "beginning and in p*3 of Section III, instead of 
the wordsi "1st September" to rend "8th December," 

4) In p. 4 Oj' Section III the vrords:"or to a merchant, or 

to another ^emon doing service for officials of the State enemy, 
or for merchant or such person, 1 ' are excluded* 

5) P. 5 same Section III to be modified as follows: 

" Conditional contraband is subject to seizure and con- 
fiscation, besides cases when the seizure is admissible in vir- 
tue of Par. 35 of Rules, established by tne .'loadon Naval Oonfer- 
enee of 1908 - 19Q9, also in eases when such contraband is on 
board : rZ tip bbtmcl netitral port, if respective goods 

are sent to order 1 ', or if the ships documents do not design the 

consignee j(J the goods, or if design a con ice located on 
the enemy's t err it ory, >r jii a territory decupied by the enemy". 
'Mn eases mentioned in the present Par.., one obligation 
to prove that f. a [.nation of Hie respective goods v;as not a 
prohibited one, lies Yalta their oaaors." 

Imperial Ulcaa 8 Joe ember Par. 4; eomp. aai. Par. 35. 

Sipped) Vice-Admiral hussha, 
Chief cf the Chief Havel Staff.- 
Privy Qouncelior 2. ntellia-Xamenh p , 
acting Prosecutor of the High Prise 
Court, Jurisconsult of the ministry of the 




[Sec Paragraph 4, Inst ructions of October 31, I9(i 

Uteed not be returned. 



From Mo. 

j/7/z- April 93, 1915 • 
<=^/^77^ Z)ate 

Replying to 0. JV. I. JVo Date- 

The following is the official report 
regarding the destruction of an J?nri; ■■ 'ine boat In the 


, jpj 

North Sea. 

« Berlin, April 99« ( WDLFF TEL^Bl AU) 

Lately English ~ ! " 1 "' 'lnes have he 
sighted repeatedly in the (*erman Bay Of the North Sea 
and have he en attacked by our naval forees. An Enemy 
submarine boat --ran sunk on the 17th of April. The 
destruction of additional submarines in very probable* 
but cannot be ascertained with certainty* 

The Acting Chief of the Admiralty 


( Sir). Behncke*. 

Need not be returned. 

j3 191b * 3 


Up 1 

I— ^d/ 
Gloomy Bastor — The Victory of Sunshine — Safeguarding^ 

national Existence -- The Centennary of Bismarck's 3irth -- The 

Emperor's Answer — The Submarine Warfare — The Outlook. 


Gloomy weeks preceded this Easter celebration. The sun of 
springtime struggled hard with the unwillingly yielding winter. 
Here and there only did it succeed in enticing the first colored 
tokens out of the ground. For the greater j.,art Bature yet lies 
in the embrace and coils of a sunless period. The secret powers 
of Kature have, however, begun to weave and work. Through all 
these sad experiences the firm conviction is present that a re- 
surrection will follow the death of winter and the sun will ulti- 
mately conquer. Prom the present, which scarcely shows Spring's 
secrets, let us turn our glance to a more beautiful time which 
must come, because Uature in spite of all its apparent hesitation 
always remains true. 

In the life of the individual as well as in nations, the will 
of Kature is reflected in a thousand forms and colors. He who 
surveys the periods of time and does not permit his view to be 
obscured by relapses and irregularities will see now in all 
this baseness a slow resurrection and progress, which gives a 
firm conviction in the victory of light and reason- Sever has 
our trust in the progress of civilization been made more difficult 
than during the present time. There has never been stronger proof 
demanded of the Germans than during the course of the last year. 
V-e only see today how unusually hard it is for us to uphold our- 
selves and to maintain our national unity and freedom. V.e easily 
dreamed of the victory over our enemies. One thought we could 
already reap when the first preparations for trie ultimate success 
should be made. Meanwhile we have learned to be discreet and it 
has become evident that even with the greatest devotions and will- 
ingness of self-sacrifice it is hard to overcome the opposition of 
an inimical world. The expectation that over night would show the 
world to be pro-German has long 3inoe vanished. We must now be 
convinced that, if not willingly, then due to the cold facts, this 
war is not one for the accomplishment of a fanciful world's pol- 
itics, but one for the protection of our hearth and home. 

hat peace, which must some time come, will bring we cannot 
today know. It would be idle to wish to define the details which 
it should bring. hat we must strive for is that it should ensure 
the safety of our national existence for the longest possible 
time. In what manner the German future has expressed itself, the 
the further course of the battles on land and sea will provide the 
answer. An assured answer w« cannot -ive today. In this con- 
nection we can have full confidence to day that a people who have 
fought so bravely, that joyfully sacrifice all for a great cause 
in order to subjugate the enemy, have shown their power. May the 
present which is still in the grasp of winter, show the German 
people that they can listen to this Easter message with comx^lete 

It was one of those humors of fate, in which v-e willingly 
seek a deeper meaning, that ihe hundredth anniversary of Bismarck's 
birth should fall at this time in Easter week. The present ti r ie, 
one can almost say, is not suited to a happy anniversary; the 
previous decade afforded us only too great a number. The great- 
est individual act and life is modestly overshadowed by the aston- 
ishing and wonderful performances of a people in arms. ith Otto 
v. Bismarck it was somewhat different . Is name sweeps over the 
present and his deeds, a hundred years after he was born, stand 
the test of tine. It is not ai if the present l ere the time to 
judge the personality of this great statesman of Xaisor Vilhelm 
the First by all his acts. The master is not known who could ex- 



a i 





?ei &i* 

• vt 9 [ 





.<].<. u 






press or comprehend the methods of Bismarck in all their extent. 
Whether we see the giant Bismarck as pictured in Lederer's statue 
in Hamburg or find him in the memoirs of diplomats, whether we 
seek in Bismarck the characteristics of a Prussian nobleman or 
admire him as the one who forged the unity of the Empire, we 
will always have the feeling that in these and all other expres- 
sions v/e observe only a part of the Bismarckian nature. He who 
lived in the last decade of Bismarck's activity and has not for- 
gotten how markedly Prince Bismarck at eighty years of age influ- 
enced the develox-ment of the German people can appreciate that he 
came in contact with only a portion of the general characteristics 
of 3ismarck. Firstly, there is yet a greater contrast to be recog- 
nized in the work and methods of Bismarck- In one instance is it 
now wholly comprehended, and that is in his immeasureable service 
in uniting the German race. It is a matter of course that today 
this service i3 foremost- The firm will is expressed at this Bis- 
marck festival, as far as one sees, to faithfully guard this in- 
heritance- The expectation was expressed by the Kaieer in his 
reply to the account of the Chancellor concerning the celebration 
in Berlin held at the Binriarck monument, that this spirit of con- 
cord would outlast war's alarms and after a happily concluded 
peace the development of the internal part of the 3m£jire would 
blessedly fructify. As the price of victory, the iCaiser promises 
a national life by which the German nation can develop free and 

We are not yet so far. As it was an arduous task to unify 
the German race, so today is it laborious to complete the work 
begun by Bismarck. That a war where countless human lives are 
risked can not always be brought to a close unfortunately can not 
be changed. We do not complain, hut we expect that our enemies do 
not claim indulgence when they themselves have scoffed at all laws 
of civilization. The submarine warfare is deplorable* Had it 
been according to the German conception, then one would have ex- 
cluded neutral commerce and one would have nothing against pro- 
viding the English civilian population with food. It is beyond 
understanding how in England and several neutral countries they 
seek to reproach us, for idly witnessing the starvation of sixty- 
eight millions of human beings. On the fourth of last November, 
England cut the German people off from every communication over 
the sea. Three months later, Germany decided to cut England off 
from the sea. If England permits merchantmen to wage war on sub- 
marines, then we do not deplore the fact that human lives are 
endangered. We all know that wi must conquer in this fight for 
freedom and existence and we are of the firm conviction that a 
glorious summer \ ill follow this winter of discontent. 




[ at 1 

Jblx/ow bn 


:3C« ©W 









Berliner r.eitunp ai i :."itta"-* April 14, 1915# 

Hamburg* April <*4 f 1915* 

The Prise Court hare* has ren-l^refi a vary 
inters ^tinp decision* A Qeraan suhnarine had sunk the 
Dutch steatier • JIARIA* with a carpo of provisions en route 
to Belfast and Dublin* The shippinr fim broupht suit 
arainst the Empire. Tho §IU#i it was asserted, wa» a 
neutrals ship* the carro was not contraband* consequently 
the sinking of the ship was illegal and the German 

vermient oblired to rfin r \&r dana^es. The Prise Court 
decided in the sense of the declaration of the Tartan 
goverment*, as in the case of the American ship »WILLIAM 
?• TtitTB* sunk b* till auxiliary cruiser "PRINE EITEL 
FRIEDRICH 11 which was en route to Queans town with wheat* 
and also toibt her ports whic are serving the English fleet 
as bases. / * Belfast and Dublin 11 * the Prise Court 

says* are also fleet bases* consequently provisions 

are contraband ° The plaintiffs brought a certificate 
that the car^-o of the »J-.!AHIA* was intended for a Hill and 
that this uill is furnishing flour to private people. 
This also the Prise Court did not recop-niss as a reason 
for acquittal. The Dutch plaintiffs lodrecl an appeal* 

jxeeu rtvi oe revu/rnra. 

|See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, I !»<(<>.] 



JVo Date 


Replying to 0. JV. I. JVo..- Date 

April 34, 1915. 

Reference Z-341 of September 33, 1914. 


The German Foreifm Office has sent to the U.S. 
Government through the Bnbassy under date of April 33, 1915, 
a new list of contraband of war in 7/hich certain important 
changes occur. 

This new list is published in*Reichsp-esetr,blatt 
( Government Law Sheet) No, 49 and the introductory rea iar r -s 
are as follows :- 

11 In retaliation of the rules instituted 
by England and her allies which deviate from the 
London Declaration rerardinp: the International I. 
at Sea Of the 36th of February 1909, I approve, 
for the present war the following changes in the 
Prise Rules of the 30th of September 192)« (1909) 
with the amendments of October 18th, November 33d 
and December 14, 1914. ■ 

classes of contraband 

Then follows a list of articles in the 


Conditional Contraband 
Non Contraband, 

In this connection I forward a translation 
of the decision of the Prize court in Hamburg in regard to the 
sinking of the Dutch steamer tt If A R I A w , laden with rr#in 
for Dublin and Belfast. 

A complete translation of the changes 
in the Prize Rules follows in the next mail. 

i. n ,,,,,- ,n,, „ JSj&ed not be returned. tf 

|Sec l'iir»Kiii|ili 4, I nsl rucl ions or Octoher :tl, nn>07] 


SUBJECT . GhinaVs revolutionists and part --played---Oy--4apaii..---- 

From,. K ..._..^Vb 5 Date... ^P^^^^^^vM^^—-—, 191 

Replying to 0. jV. I. Mo Date '.ZZZ-LjS^./ A.- 191 

La_£a__^^ — 1 

It has been reported that the Chinese rebels in Japan in 
the name ©f the "Political Ref©r» Party ©f the Republic ©f 
China" through the introduction of Kaiehir© Yashigawa, a native 
•f the District of Fukueka, has obtained a loan ©f 3, 000, 000 
^en fr©» a wealthy merchant. It vaa decided that the revolut* 
i©n shall be c@mpleted within two months, that the first instal 
raent ©f 1,000,000 yen should bo paid in cash and that the ba- 
ilee should be nade in the form of ammunitions to be supplied 
t© the rebels at various places where the revolution is to 
&"cax*b • 

The agreement betv/een the tw© parties was drawn np in 
the beginning of April and was signed by Sun i,en, head of 
revolutionists, Htl Yi-©ti iW~&'Z\t representative and son 

•f Baal ■!ine(^^ • Chen C* 11 - 1201 (/^$&). ?ai Tien-ohou 
(ftf^M, Chu Cheng i & J&-) , Wong Tung (X *£/ ) , Li 
yuan ( £ tUffi ) 9 Hu han-ning C^/jf/t/) , Lain 9-Wtt {&£&&}, 
P© uen-woi (J&£-ffi) 9 Hsu Chu*g-©hifl {t^W*!? ), FxU Ying (0&) , 
and Tan Jo.a-i'onj C^mSh , v/h© had just urrivod at Toky© fr©« 
the Strait! 3©ttl« its, r(;; ontain,;. Tsen Chun-hsuanl^^S ) , 
Li Lieh-chun lfgL4ti ) t Uiid Chon chi un L ;-«ing [fy*® ty). 

[!Sec rnragraph 4, Inst ru<( ions of October 31, 1900. 

S U BJ KCT ^hina ' « r evolutionists -and -part -flayed fey ^Japan* 

^'^---K -M?: 5 i)^e---^ll- E&tri. -I-&15 . , i£i 

Replying to O. JV. I. No '_ Date __„., 191 

There were ever twenty signatures and seals. I* was agreed 
that the lean was to he redeemed on the firyt opportunity 
after the revolution becomes a SUOOOSS. A payment ef 700,000 
yon was made in cash en t /oh instant and was taken over 
by Tan Jen-zeng, Ku Han-iaing, Hailing Ke-wu, and Li Zeng-yuan . 
In the Mil of the Political Reform party" Tan-Jon-fong was 
appointed Groat Tutuh or Gencralissaa© of Szeehuan, Yunnan, 
and Kweiohow with Li Kong-- yuan as latent « They are now 
on their way to their respective destinations each with over 
a hundred followers, Chen Chiung-ming is t© reside at Hong- 
kong an d from there to render assistance to the rebels, 

April 21, 1915, 
During the autumn of 1914, four .7 ese accompanied by 
u Chinese arrived at urga and stayed in the Tung Ta {& uL \ 
lodging house in the Liu Ta© Street (^tg^f). They have now 
removed to a Russian lodging house in Ma ,hih (J? ) or 

rse Basal r ter. They disguised themselves as Koreans 
m retended to bo selling ruedicino and ouri jss. 
ill., man;y xrinoeo and varans of Cutor Mongolia ©all. 



|See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October :il, I'.tOO.J 

S UBJ EOT Chi aa ' * xevolnticrLi-S-ts - .and. .the - aprt played by 

From £ JVo £ Date— Agytl -&6*lu-~191&» , ^ 

i fli' i . i «mrm» l WinH twWi a» W IW 

Replying to 0. .N\ I. .No.— ___ Date ____., I#i 

•ailed on them Tor medical attendance and treatment. It is 
now secretly ascertained that several Japanese had arrived 
at Urga many days ago. They promised to help Outer Mongolia 
to declare her independence and to supply the accessary sup- 
plies and funds. The minds ©f many of the princes and lamas 
are influenced ("by this tempting offer) . 




isee itmt 4, ««*- returned. 



January 18th, 1915, between the Japanese Minister Dr. Eioki 
and X J »esi dent Yuan Bhih Kai , u hem the Fe riser" Trl e 67 % ; c i"Tn- 
„ fluonced wi£h the Following uords. 7ri7 

Replying to 0. JV. I. No I)a^___Cg2^^A^ ,"?\ — , 191 

Furthermore, the Chinese revolutionists are in close touch 
and intimate relations with numerous irresponsible Japanese 
some of who* have groat influence and who 00 policy is for 
stron; Measures, Our Government has not been influenced by 
this policy, but if .your Gove .it dees not quickly ree 
to these sti ions, it will bo impossible to prevent some 
of our Irresponsible people from ineitj the Chinese revolu- 
tionists to create trouble in China. 

The majority of the Japanese people are opposed to ± resi- 
dent Yuan* and x resident Yuan f s Government. They all declare 
that the ^resident entertains antl-J .ese leolin, opts 
the policy of "befriending the Far (Europe and America) and 

..aizing the Hoar ( >, tt). w Japanese public opinion is. 
therefore exceedingly hostile. 

Our -riuient has all along from first to last exerted 
its best efforts to heJLp the Chinese Government , aft if t 
Chinese Cover t will sx^eodily i to these stipulations it 
will jiavo thus nasi f os tod its friendship far Japan, 

ae Japanese people wlii I then bo able to i t the 
resident never entortainod anti-c feeling! nor adoptod 


|Sce Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1000.] 

S UBJECT Part -©f t Ji©- -Canversati «n During the Interview an 

January 18th, 1915, between the Japanese Minister Dr. Li oki 
and- -r-re-stdent- ¥uan- SMh - Kai, ---'vrlioa- tfre r'oritrer -^ried- t© In- - 

fluenee with the JPellowin irds. 
^ w < ^ ■--€-- - Date - -April- SGtfcv 3.915/ -> ^ 

Replying to 0. N. I. JVo Daft? „., 191 

the policy of "befriending the Par and antagonizing the Hear". 
>,ill not this then 1 d be a bona Xide pr©©f of our friendly 
relatione : 

The Japanese Government also will then be inclined to 
render assistance to President Yuan* a Government whenever it 
is necessary. 

V, ^W ' 

A ■ ft ^ 

I (I / I V f y 

Soport fe&a tt.3«3,30i __ , +-^ ,*.*>**„*.*, *>d 

Sta o- SU***...,- u SM»& jrced not 6e re«wm«*. 

(>/ £oo 3&3&iah Qard&nall aa lutfi&ggartori n moved to 

Saa&sigrrBbQve 6*33 iaelit 

(b} Sbfl l-ritiah .juu-xrina "IHLB'V'rtdoh ma wrookod in the 

i&rdonellen»ia lying in very ©hallo*? watar,and part of It 
ia iri plfjht f aooos*ding k at ••its of aowsl Jtsrtea,*! 

ggy * ; v,v T --. rrs gggg f^ fchemeelVeS. 


(a} desbi fiffeaoa SMlaa aolloravsfeo ware fowwrly on ttha 

tft&l&tt vtntionnntro "/?;'H_F . ■ hero, but Jfe© re rained 
&tfeK>fe*d to the Itslir.n Jmbassy \ih®n the "ARCHS want 

to MfttofAsmsilfttiast &13 9 3»*v* vaja&iRji orders tt la&vo 
hare, via tils* Stag baitie told ncyo ei &s£ KM thoy tra 

"gelag batfc to Italy to rot 'Iriaate"rtmt the? EBay fee eJm&ly 
rot'ornir:?? aboard the- »A1 

(d) Sfeffi ItSX tan cr-13or«' # mentiored above, left Soffa&aa hero (fee 
afternoon of A|*|l 24* In tail form, on board! the Ttolinn e term- 
er "AlEa£2ft%Wai{at for Spa aula* -Che ".'. I I ? *t»t;^s hold at 
J&v-fcvoTer right ,by s . '.the $ttr$leh mthcri%lm 9 ^» entrance to 
B©e3Phorns t tH*t yastor^r.-r ncmi: HI £5*rai« told St oonid 
proved r^sln* it ma Jnst geftttnaj under**? v-tien the Russian 
fj tet • scred pit Use ontmnoe and began a bombortk:ont» The 
w /t&LlA* elljj id !«r xr.-'iorn send returned (Sown the BoBjf.horus 
. r-L-2o * and iw now t ( ; 'r»rll .^6), still here, moored 
aoir the ' % 

(0) The !t&i»i) B*Ucre t on IN ' , ^"AT4:'^otets tVat the bor-b&rd- 
&*&$ Seated one-half hot3r f from 9#(K a.m., the Buasian fleet 
Mag about si:-: mile* out, and that ts* ?ur*ciah gunboats tajft 
sunfc,fff».d mwt of the, Mian inn ah oil a rrjachetl aa x'ar aa Bujm^o- 
i0M» B * -<>inr> cf ! 'the gwafepfttg in not maiticnad in the 
Turldeh of 1 i'Hal oomnwiiqne^a.nd is -not confirmed* The bemhard- 
IMRl fsd ?si f ii:ily ©n board xiJie r t i*t SfepfcasM* 

(f) %'4^» three Turkish tornodo boats una paH»o3UlQg aorose the 
Stfimbefll ontnukM of Ifei BoqpHorot aafi Sol « Tfern^betwo-'n 
dtfh^ite point md ;icntarl. 

(r^ *>«ri?ir the nir^t of April £4--25»betwxvU ib*tr lianurod 9141 fftVt 
hwidred ifmmiMRn wore Ktreetod in dlCC"o»Wttt i»art#i of Joist?int- 
i»opl6 f sone of thorn of pit?ninenoo« Sttlth«r Hm Nft^ttfOllOftA 
roooon v nor any theory f hfte yet been K 4 to «hy# 

0i) I have been ir.for--:ud.,V- ■ PorScltft nmA of ioor»tVat IN l^tl- 
ln$ netwaon the 5tartKioh f oiid suo f Bof&l o/j iaere t }.rovici?s7 7 

P«portad«ifl groV&o^ &• Turlcion ofiTloof , .-.3i , ;'e haif-j«.y t tho 
Atrvtah rojo thirty (4X». i,«hilo Q it, 

hero,reo«,ive double por* ilio Rlxitor iti ovor f thoro in awi inore 
of *8art f «ad mi tor , oof olaaMMU ^hia olfiaor said 

rurlcn conld not poasibir atand Aaothai »t<jr of vor 9 iHd t*v t 
M oomothi«fir ngwt J»j oa eoon"# He also said, majority oi' ?iir:cs 
hoi>od cjvflieh 00U14 -it in oooaft3mt « »-»»'- "»ore ss>loo eve 
Wh^ro,and no ouc darea ttlkfOO I I trto.irlr&te of ^nvei* 

ghayfoioet lojTfi fuid fi^oaal ta/tVtro aoaol*to«ia jonbi^iticn 
with the Ger -ana,bnt thoy are axpootod to fall f aooner or later, 
"md most people hoped so oner 5 1* ,r ! jnotioo nw » 


Office of liaval Intelligence, 

April £6, 1916, 



Compilation J.n.K. 
Copy 1I.H.L. 


■ W J ' ■ IMH Wi i . . WO W Mil ■! > P 

. ;i, .. - '.. . HI) (■;. .i. ;:'o.300£,) 

■ I « II II II II I ■ III I I II '■'!■ ■!«!- 

ut quadrupled since cutbre&r "'ars^^c^ 
est I ( successfully tried and officially adopted) 
not bein -ill exclusively, orrior service type utilised bo- 
esuse of superior raejaufacturing facilities and greater . iliar- 
ity of service vita this type. 

9 expcrii .1 work being carried on. 1X1 such facil- 
ities now ctare net? material and training 
of personnel. 

1G, 3 torpedo ntions received - about Zo of the. 
romise, e idea of olectricnl balance to gaid* or de- 
flect torpedo toward I&Tg© mass of steel of little or no value. 

- E D (O.M.I. Ho. 409*; ) 

— W » «i.Mi n .— ■*» ■ I ■■ m w m i.i i ■ ■■«—■«■■■ — mwii.*- P « i -n > m — mm —i ■.»»—,.,.■ m - i». -*— . , <— « *» — 

oyal Sovereign class and after have single noto. 
Iron Duke and hueen Elisabeth classes not provided and 
no attempt bei:., dc to supply nets for the;.. 

rperiraeats being conducted with double nets. m* 
.fitted to ships so far as known. 

aUBKARII-i^a - . D (O.H.I. Ko.5028) 

hen completed, *&* class will comprise 65 boats. u- 

merged displacement reported to be 1, tons. 

SgBllaEIBB KBgS - Kifohi&I) (,.:.!. Bo. 5u£8 } L^ 

i .1. ii m i I I ' h i l i i I m i i n i»»ili ^r 

U-8 and U-12 were caught in special wire nets off Dover , 
forced to come up - then r&nused. . Attempting to block straits 

; ieae acta leaving only , very narrow channel. .Het is 18 
stranded 10 mm. wire, 12 ft. mesh, -read between two. trawlers, 
lo iatanoe apart. I'op of net supported by kapok floats. 

en o train is felt, net Is released. Submarine becomes ( 
gled sad must come up, Destroyers are then called by radio from 
wlers. If submarine attempt escape, can ollowed by buoys 
attached to net. 

J - SBGIAKD (0,:;.I. Ho. 5089) 

■■W i » 'WiW i W» i W|i.miaii ' n i i W 'W i.'W i' WH >Mliw»i i nwiMi W »- W Hit i»W »-> «.* m i» n i.i 

Each new destroyer being fitted with sharp steel ran. 
Old destroyers bein tted as fast as can be spared ft atrol. 

- (j.h.l. - 4755) 

it iwi i ^a# n i ll inw 1 1 ■» wixw^w mh iw i i i n i ii i '" i i i i'W wi w uw^— 

By -Mjutive - Gneisem 

.iractlcally nothing of fc. Too busy with 

lis. rised and shocked when t lion ran out. 

Pull ly not aboard iiuo to uditure at Coronel t. 

Gncisenau therefore xm.6 ire lon& time without bein& able to 

reply before she sank. 

ote: Sobm method of eoxuitinc shells and re di- 

es to Oocimnndi icor shou e ad i Ion 

es January 84th - \t l/£ hrs.of firing) conservation i be 

<:;ed and comma fieer and ^o-jnander-in-chief 

constantly advised of amount i iltion on hand. 

■ ■ 


\ Kit 


3^* ,. 

i,o&iBtlcs, II (Continued) ^$][r 

By Boatswain's Hate - Leipzig. * A ? 

[»0lp£j king SI knots, Slowest in C?c-r:-:^an Fleets 

Action with Glasgow b< between $ and I -: . Bit by lasgow's 

6" before . 's-4'Jl were in range. :st ammunition expended 

£>:£ •: .&♦ .-rod bf '.l.-.sgow to haul down flag* ted 3 

tisnes". Olasgow end Kent continued intermittently 

until 7:15 - . Leipsig sank 9 p.ia.. to BSO out of crew of 

321 dead. a^ority remainder wounded, between 10 and 15 finally 
resetted* iiot hit below water line. filers and engines intact, 
until she &-. •■ . loodoc* sines and engine rooms lo sink her. 

Fires 1 : out fore and aft at beginnin ■ . iro aain broken. 

.Lioleuw and paint burned* une funnel shot down, umelg 

collapsed due* to heat of i'ireo on deck* .dlarly nasts collapsed 

Conning towor hit by 6" shell which exploded, o harm to tower. 
Gun shields effectively sMol&od crew. 

LIQfi - (0*1 .1. SO, 4755) 

Hit twice below ariaor bolt. One of t&tse hits in wake 
of engine room, causing her to fall out of formtiou. rather 
Baa , no rolling to expose armor shelf # oesibility aeraians 
used a a of tor/edo shell, one shell struck outside arnor 
plate. .red piate. Did not drop off. 

M I - (0. . : . 0. 4755} 

Armor not pierced at long ranges. en resistance prac- 
tically se&ssd said Brit ish closed in to short rang©, arnor 
■orcod several times. Up to end, neither engine disabled . 
rly in action, shell penetrated decks, exploded, placed 4 
boilers out of eom&iesibn. .aeis on beat inside ship due 
exploding shell. 

) - {O.IJ'.X. * 5149) 


At least one modern ship had tea a defen .uns on 
In deck removed and gun porta plated over. Guns useless in 
-•rth $ea . r* aoae of these guns now recounted in open in 

r position* • rate left off entirely. 

a - - (}.:.!. ~ 3749) 

gM W W W WWM U Mll H Hi! 

At least one ©ecapany (au& probably others) sen fulfill 
contracts for building submarines complete in nine aontfx . 

^ ;..:3; .iU .v.Ai:;. - (u.i:.l. 3o. 3749) 

-16 f 17 arid 18 cruising 'radius - UoCu miles. or 

types to hewn DO miles crushing radius. 

11 si .-ines carry regular provisions for 3 weeks and 
special food for z weeks nere« 

kaageat trip fup to February 2n&) was 21 days. 

. ;•: . .., - (0. .J.. - 4654) 

•mm — 1i ■■ II 1 »!■■■■' ' ■»» — » uii' 11 ■■ ■ ■ H » — ■ m m ^ n ni ■■ m.m w ^ f iWn Wii i ^ ■ mwi ' 1 1. I i ' iifcW I 

arise toted #ray. itie 1 •; on to 

ocopes sue] rtlflelal sea gulls, ste« 

- (0.11. . . 0, 4654) 

«^»W I'l» l l l l — II ». I H W.ll>! ■^I.»l— 1 I.^IIIP »»■— ■.■M W — W— ».llll !■ WW ■»■■■»»—»*- 

Uotes s SSSBiSniimi officer of inc. 
Hew ..■thloBB at first. ually slept first threo 
s out. Gradually ove and may b© of aoiae service on second 
tri . strict cilenoe ttalaed when sul &• All hands not 

■ I ■ ■ 


* ■■ 

* . ***}>» 

wpfflB tica II (Continued) f Af 

on watch rmat Sleep if possible ~ use less oxygen when aleey.-ing* 
aen sea a ess. ^ 

an lying near bottom, the sssell is very e»eemfort&ble - 
rd to rest the mn* 

oout 151 feet. 
.o.vjeat cruise £1 days. 
37 to hit vessel on strain ) ; t course, ely diffi- 

cult : speed tixxcx course a 1 e* 

ad fa nrtly fired at veseelfl when the oi'fieer on I it 
bridge could be "plainly _ ■• isoope, 

IKW £? -. i . § < - (0* ;:.!. Ho, 5184) 

In ten ronths will ec >sion ! >er 2 or 4 vessels of 
following characteristic. . .0. laid down not knotm ) . 

Length - about 8 : JO feet. 

:;c. teixt - if f 000 tone, 
.srso -r - shout lE0 t 0OO« 

ed - ft knot is* 
aient - lain - 4 - 15" guns. 

• c-eoudary: ....r.hably G** guns - ,-. 1 1$ 

o\m. All moxuilocl on center line. 

Armor - Kono of any Jcind either vertical or isoirtal. 

Fuel - probably oil. 

D I'iGbJR, • { . »1« ' o • 491U ) 

.ree shells caused m&t serious injuries to .uion, 
(a) . one t rated engine room below armor. 

fb I anloded In or near forward t do rooi:i, caused flood- 
ing several eor.K&rtrsentB - ship then drew 40 feet forward. ot 
certain If this flhell clown through docks or ough aroior. 

(q) Struck lower corner of relate in wake of engine re 01 . 
'Did nor pierce - - odcd outside, late did not break 1 at 

.- ter (" B struck; d; ! n into ship - Upper i&rt 01 I te 

lorn lease i'roi;: bolts, oier comer driven through wood back- 
ing, the structure I id air. or, the lower edge of sloping pro- 
tective Bee -nally broke feed water tank in or .just out- 
board of engine roe- 

liger suffered mom general, but lose serious ■ 
than ^ion* 

.jrth vessels aide . r pierced fey long range firing. 
te plate den j..i creed . . projectile of a e&ilbre 
(J :tl ,J f:. .luo. according to 1 lei should 

not nave ui creed plate* -ally found thi 

VC17 peer one. 

3 coth . reed. 

(Hotel- *his Information (in • .. »I»«4#10) later end 1 ora e- 
liab an in 0. .1.-4755 quoted above. 



-*- € " tM • 

Jfcotlcs II. 7*7 , ^ 

- -i 4 / 

L'lOaS { - -a r oll 1-E.1915 (0.1: .1 .XIo .4610 ) 

Austrian .i ta t eaent > 

L ' v At 35:OC) a.u., 3 destroyers co o< red 

&tiv&rl t landed detachment and set flam to warehouse on rf«. 

' "oodon docfe destroyed, laeht ; LJ» M us out and sunk, ^ired 

on ~$y 5 batteries for one hour. Hot hit. forpedo boats us- 
iaac i.ui3 to cover landing party, tm . o lipaters sunk. 

fcy not bo;. L d. . rtroyers lay off and did not fire. Gas- 
oline 3 on 6a o; \% destroyed for fear ol ii g to neutral 
afaipping, atenegrlii stories ©i bonfeeurAment false." 

s - (j.:?.!. so. sice). 

.-oyers and auxiliaries cruise in groups \ 
trade routes. if ire i-ud rsramiag to destroy submarines 

.1. a inks to pro -err;... , f ;ce th 

d explodes. Course of submarine is followed or ostd: ,1, 
ie is dropped over subi-iailne a I eforc mine exploded the de- 
royer i >e clear of its (nine's) effective circle. Designed 
to gain & few noiaoats in i b to .-destroy a submarine that is 
bmerj i . be too deep for raia-aL. ..en spot 

is *pj reached. 

:/L U-29 - (O.i ... : 0.4654} 

i . nm .i n . i n i ii ii n i i ■■>!. ■ t i n > i n i i - i h i -r ■ • rr ■— '■■ , -■ r ■ ffrrnr ' ' i t" 

Lgllah Grand Fleet S . two parallel eoXraane East 
Coast Scotland. *£U gel '>etween columns and fired two torpe- 
does at Iron Duke (Fleet :lap). Beta uissed. pparently neg- 
lecting second e©£am f U-29 shewed periscope, probably tryir 
to eoe result of shots. .eadnou^ht sheered from second ooluDn, 
renamed U-£9, lifting her to surface and apparently rolling her 
over* He i e to dreadnought as far as known. 

.. - January C4th - (O.II.I. - 491.) 

■ W » H| ll< . ll>« WIW I' W » HMI » l l ll' .'"l '«I IW»1 lM WWH WIIiW I ' ^1 **- . II* ■■■ » »«« .MM. ! .. Il.l l .* I ■ l l'WW IW' < ^*-' 

Battle instructions provide v.aen 6 ( o d t the 
two 3 ehl oentr&t® on enemy loader, third .'ires 
on enes . , rth ship on &n&my .Mo. 3, fifth shx on enei^y 
. 4. 

ixrauil of , ble (jfo«0 ) 

fell behind. '.on (IIo.l) firod on Derfllnger (no.l). r 

, socerding to above instruction, also fired on Derfltneer. 
rinses* Boyal (Ko.3) however, considered iado ,ble out 
fc. ! , and fired at dlita (Ko.3). . d C:o.- 
fir eel at blue •::]-• or (Ho .4). 1 a result, the uoltke (!©«£) es* 
eaped almost untouched and 'probably i. G loted moat of da , on and $lger.« 


3cellaneo us II . 
D - (0.31*1. Ho. 4641) 

-». * 


lority for censoring cress founded on met 

01 Act. to prevent nbllcation of o .. onal 

r but the guilty 3 arty oould !;c brought to court u. 
above 'Wot" , relief's the pusl & boon o lly jfc 

by the Censor* 

Ion) to C rely — 

tion&l, out is ; aa : oJ j 

blicatlona closely cortac ou or i Als 

01. or I : . 

i'or benefit of public; tie.-.., rlnt< . b & 41 
or, a done ... 

II Censorship is incA. eadeat of a- 

sors) . Same legal easts j I.e. ' of Ee&lffl Act. 

trail ;l to eenoorii. 

of priv atiorus Ire. els. {0« ... . o. c 

r pi| 3 are . . icterid. ont is 

forbidS. on. 

. . ..dio stat ©red end led or 

over "io authorities. 

rs to con tine ore u Ae&. 
rittoe ox . sjcLatonee is eon: L, 

keeps r . -jf all journalists, ©to., in london, in order to 

ascertain their standing , at»liea.tle»s resenl a. to 

o interview, s for inesa with pre ..en, chen ouch inter- 

views are desirable or beneficial . Committee consists of 2 

„rli£ '. , (one ft prominent man of letters, the other 
a member of the Govenuient) and a ceil Anovn literary eoan not in 
Lblie life. 

:Y - ( . . . .5113} 

mmnt' -mr"«ut*f 

n£rcE 2 1,' 3TC7 

uaber of ;;5n under , ly approxj ;oly # not 

. . , . >Q, "rorrir , . in bar- 


05. '• v/ourulcd return to front. 
..o 3/11/15 - 10) a& Aicrtr/ 

s 1,5., , 

. lessee, ten not able to return to front ■ 450, 

B in o ti q . 

r ly ass . ts fro; ■ o. 

f fr . in best oi" .. aller percentage of sic ..- 

ness than la e tlmea. 

iltion La • 

S, etc., fo- re- 

sinfeetic .■ ~, cod. 

Fare tmx&eraents sent to front tqfcather r . ond oiAor 

i in. 

:.y d: looses. 

. rtion volunteers not yet 
out A, * total liavy Personnel. 

HY - - (O.K.I. Ho. 5091) 

s stated Admiral as in poor health end waa 
: re fore relieved. 

Cardon arrive? in .ondon in excellent heal nd was 
cer better. ethyst ran narrows on Aai and returned 
with only ninoi s due to gun fire. ( the Ad y 
then insisted reing Dardanelles immediately 

by running the straits. dvised againnt this. o 
relieved on .Aarch 16,193 . On ttarch 18th, the pos- 
sibly an at' t to run Li traits ) resulted in loss of 3 battleships 
(Irresistible, an and Jiouvot), by striking submerged 

;. Garden feels vindicated and trying to reoovciniiB old oomaand 


Need not be returned. // 

(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31. 19001 

MAY §3 19b 




The Port of Brinaisi Closed end ::in©&. 

«■« *■- 


T> ; 2,g 


From T No 101 * Date A ? r11 ...!:?• .. 1 ^ 15 r 

Replying to O. N. i. No.-~~~~—~— Date 


I hear on gooa authority that the Italian 
port of Brindisi hao been closed - all shipping arriving 
off is sent to Bari, The harbor, I uafl.erstr.nd, has boon 
thoroughly nined. This port is undoubtedly to be uood 
by the main fleet, as I have heard that for soiae fctefcg past, 
tho authorities have been busy planting mooring buoys ail 
over tho harbor - also that the coal sup ly shore has nov/ 
reached jCQ,QQO tons. 

Need not be returned, 

(See-Paragraph 4. Instructions of October 31. 1900.) 



SUBJECT Sinking. joi* ....tha...Ji 1 



From ¥.. 



Date April 29 1 191J 

Replying to O. N. I. No Date 

On the 27th instant the Vienna press published the following 
terse report of the commander-in-chief of the fleet: 

"Submarine U-5, under the- command of Lieutenant Georg Ritter 
von Trapp, has torpedoed and sunk the French armored cruiser 
Leon Gambetta in the Ionian sea. 


Newspaper despatches from Italy give the following additional 

The sinking occurred in the middle of the night about SO 
miles from Santa Maria di Leuca. 

One despatch purporting to be an account by surviving officers 
of the Gambetta is as follows: 

Home 28 Ax>ril. Shortly before midnight the cruiser had held 
up a three-master and examined her papers. Hardly had the ship 
permitted to proceed when the cruiser received a heavy blow 
starboard, the meaning of which was at once clear to every - 


for at the same moment the elect rie lights went out and the 
engine-rooms filled with water, The ship had a hole a meter in 
diameter just below the waterline. The dynamos and engines were 
destroyed ovtr rendered unserviceable and the radio apparatus 
refused to fiuiction. The watertight doors still held the entirely 
helpless ship above water, but her fate was sealed. The crew, 
the greater part of which had been surprised while asleep, took 
to the boats almost unclothed. Two of the boats capsized and the 
the others drifted to the southwestward with the strong current; 
with the assistance of the Italian torpedoaoats which had rushed 
to the scene four of them reached Cape Leuca « In the course of 
the forenoon 3 officers and 20 men were rescued 12 miles from the 
cape In all 10 officers and 149 men have been res- 
cued. There is no news of the remainder of the complement. 

Another despatch states that the Gambetta, which was steaming 
at about seven knots, was struck by two torpedoes, the second of 
which exploded in the engine-room. ?he cruiser attempted to 
strand herself but was unable to do so. She sank in ten minutes. 

This event is the cause of much rejoicing in Vienna and is 
gladly seized upon by the authorities and the press to raise the 
spirits of the greatly depressed public. It Is given an importance 
vastly in excess of Its actual significance. 


Need not be returned, 

(See-Paragraph 4. Instructions of October 31. 1900.) 

SUBJECT - Rumo red shipping of Ge rma n su bmarines to Triest. 

From H. No 14 Date April... 29* 1.915. 


Replying to O. N. I. No Date. 

ere is a strong and persistent rumor in Vienna that parts 
C f submarines of the latest type have been shipped from Germany 
to Triest for assembling and use a inst the allied fleets in 
the Mediterranean, particularly against the forces operating 
ainst the Dardanelles. 

I have been unable to ascertain any facts in the matter. 


i See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31, 1900 ) 


Need not be returned. 

From y No. 7^ 

Replying to 0. N. I. No. 


; i o~ 

I L 

1. In the event of war, probably one of t Tie most difficult 
problems which would eon front the military authorities of the 
lit >d States woulj. be ti -,.t of censor ship, together with that 
of espionage, both of which are closely allied j jn the Spanish* 

i eric an War we all know the difficulties shieh the newspaper 
e or re s pendents brought I a officers aoaamanding t s e forces ashore 
and afloat. Qenaorahlp as la Joaown here in Europe hi£ never 
tisted an fcae United St a tea, and &o far as 1 know a& la*s 
ive ever been enaofcsd bji ffhich a eensorshij! eould ue put into 
force, in the ^vent of the United states becss&aag engaged in a 
life or death struggle eith a foreign power. The necessity for 
having these laws and regulations Etade must be apparent to every 
laiiita \ & an. >r this reason the following re^or* la i nhzait* 
td« It is compiled aostly froa notes made L;., Major j. A. Logan, 
U.$. Army, from conversation* I have had *ith ir.A. Foruyce, 
iidi-or sf the "Journal," one of the largest aewspapers In France, 
in fact ef tjie whole eorld^ from the view point of c insula t ion, 
from a talk with Mr. Pourol, Chief of the Pre^s Bureau of the 
Foreign Office, ani rroxa personal observation and experiences. 
2- icilities for operating censorship in Fra nce. - While 

ranee is a Republic, the physical difficulties incident to 
or eating and maintaining a Censorship are not ae great in Prance 
as we would find in our owe country. sre in ice the ' } .o\iorn- 

ttt is cant ralized :uOcl or less In P ri ] il, . ile- 

.i and \.^±^i i, rt of the railroad ayati 

of France is aovernaient c I oent rolled. - "1< 

per s we know It i i trice haril> e; lal i in France* 
jra are a publ id in Ferie , pro te 

■ " ' "" ■'■■ 


thirty or forty ''dailyc" and fifteen or twenty "weelelys," 

t Of 9 & 1 1 f i i 1 11 many % bi -■.. c 1 1 1 h ly s and moat h ly aagai i i *S . Bxa opt 

in a few of thy very largest cities, sue a as Havre, Brest, 

Boi l tax , Marseilles aad Lyon, there are no paoeu or journals 

published. All ef saaller towns ere supplied with the 

Parisian pa -.;rc. ■ t,in, even in the sesa of the fe„ large 

iras pubii p s-persj t io lows of a gener . araeter la all 

coive through baa news sweats of Paris. ■ ,v , with 

an absolute doverairieat control over the Agencies whieh i- . 

information (the Mail, v r&pi id Telephone J and with 

I "operly run Censor - . . - Paris, tee whole matter can be mush 
more easily r »ed than in oar country. 

5 * Politica l D ifficulties. - 0,: the other hand, franco 
sea its political parties %s have wo. Theses parties are much 
mere auaaroufi than la cur ccuatry. The^e include all shades 
of political belief eni px'incipie. You find the Radical and 
Conservative, the Church (aoeused of royalistic tendencies), 

b Socialistic parties of diffe _-■ reea, and fche Anarchis- 

tie part; . iff a&slth standing t $ effort mad* tu the formation of 

a Cabinet at the Beginning of the War to conciliate the se 
factious or parti ce, heir positions and principles are only 
held in oie ck by the knowledge that suns action it for the 
pesos en , ooa is She present crisis. Tnete partite have ail 
their semi- of f icial newspaper organs, whieh is time of peace 
preach t^eir respective gospels • is gespels are naturally 

ant i -governmental in Best Qesaj in ct.iuequeace are exactly 

trie kind of salt ST : for military re about a Censor i ht 

wish to el i oa tha gr s of its 

of oj I - iy - 

She history of France for the last 
filJ ed sith I I reeu'. . p of 

the PrcuL. ariag jcriiu epoch; I I Pre i i 



utmost liberty, while during other epochs its circulation was 
practically suspended. the French Code is filled with lav.s 
and changes of lav in this particular. These lavs do not con- 
sider the qu^stio^ of censorship froi military point of view, 
but almost entirely from m internal political point of view. 
i/ilitary censorship, while it has existed for .u^ny years, appears 
tc nave beein firet ^ade effective by the Japanese during their 
• far tilth Bumi^. She extent to shion it has seen developed 

id applied auring this war is ^o well known as to need no 
C QiLi<. On t . 

5. .Due to the a.buaev which previously existed in Frenee 
under a censorship, the people, and part icularly the politicians, 
have in recont years moat jealously watched all legislation in 
this matter, 1-Iany of the ©14 laws, however, had never been 
repealed and were therefore still in effect, notwithstanding 

the fast that they were rarely applied. 

6. Laws effect jug censorship . - the ^Parliamentary Act of 
1850, whicn permits the decree of a state of military lav 
throughout France, specifies that the Military Government 
shall have the right to suppress ntvsp&pers for disooedlenes 
of Instructions given concerning the publication of military 
Information. At the call of mobilization, shortly before the 
present war, tne Ministry in power took advantage of this Act 
in order to commence tne organisation of * Bureau of Press 
Censorsnip. In a Session of August 5th the Chambre ie Deputes 
passed a special Act describing the Military censorship to be 
established for tne duration of the present war, out generally 
limiting the pover of the Censor to military end diplomatic 
information, political matter bei tiuded. 

7. this lav oont • following provisions : - 


Need not be returned. 

(See Paragraph 4, Instructions of October 31. igoo) 

p&g w-va \it awn 


> 3 

SUBJECT $mM%%mm..mJk^^^ 

From 1 No. XQ^ Date April <KV1^1S« 

Replying to 0. N. I. No.* 


1, Tho month of Ppril has come to on end without 
any change in the political situation of Italy, over since 
the opening of Bar ope an war has the athraosphcre been so c!r rr~ 

ith a_ prehension . uring tlio days o:'" April. Although 
there wore no apparent reasons for such, it was generally felt 
by Italians aa& foreign diplomats that war wae imminent. Some 
say that if the I/ardanelles had been forced, Italy would have 
immediately entored the war on the side of the Triple Entente. 
In the meantime us -no i lacltoning in the Au: trian-Gcman offens- 
ive nor any weakening in their defensive are rent, condi- 

oris not propitious for Italy, her v.artie ion is ac ord- 
ingly delaj^od. It is generally believe at negotiations be- 

tween Italy and Austria have ceased, although it is generally 
believed that some concessions wore offered by the latter, but 
these were eou led with some sort of a future alliance betv/ecn 
the two count ies; t is am sent \ t suitable to Italy 

and was declined. Today I learn from an official high in 
Kuropoan &1 cy that Italy has deciOod to make known hor 

position oil the sice of the Triple Entente sore time between 
the 1st end the lr,th of : ay, which, if the conditions aro favor- 
able, will mean her entrance into the war. 


cal e d 

Several new alee es have bo 

duri the month of April, and X hear tfe 

ity of i;]any more being cabled on the 5th of ...ay, 

in .arch, military pr arations as regards e<julpi 

1;* complete, i'hero his be en, however .during th* 

April, practically a bailee to house canvass ae re 

and the housing .f wounded in the event 

owners were questioned as to the number 

the colors 

*e . :>s::; 

= nt are a ■.y.c.ront- 
atter part of 
e care 
of war, that is, house 
of wounded soldiers they 

could care for and whether thnir oarc end subsistence would bo 
dono free of cha ge or otherwise. Many Horses, other then thorough- 
breds or near such, heve bot.n re uisitioneC by the GovomKnt 
for military use. , otor cars of Italian manufacture, tithe t the 
property of Italians or foreigners have been oxs.mii.ied and listed, 
although, as yet, none have been taken. 

3. Pho llavy has practically remained as previously ro- 
ported, basod between Tafcanto and sta, -icily, for the capit- 

al shi s end at Vonico for the siibi.eriaes. The dr t Cavour 

should havo rocoivo<' her officers and men on the loth; this how- 
ever, I have been un bio to confir at this dato. o droodnou 
1/uilio is being fit led out but will not join until the latter 
part of -lay, although, if conditions require it, she could ontor 
the flo t within ton days. The 770 t.n destroyer Trancosco hullo 
ae well an tho on tiro 10,'iB ton class consisting of tho Cosaro 
Posi arol, Gupllolrao Pepo and /.lee aadro P eerie aro co pie tod, I nd 
if not already with tho fleet can bo so counted in tho caso of 

+ * 

• %