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Full text of "Historical records of the New Brunswick Regiment, Canadian Artillery"

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presented to 

fi^ (lie jt2<'«' ^nmsiificli jAegimenf, Canadian ^ffiffery, 
Unifi iRe ccmpCimenfs of 



(/[.^^^ ^ J ^^'^^^ 







Captain John B. M. Baxtkr. 



Jil^TORICAL I^JECORD^ 



OF THE 



1^- 



lEW MBl^^SinCix MEGIMEIT 



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IaIABIAI UlTILMEY. 



COMPILED BY 



Captain JOHN B. M. BAXTER, 

(A member of the N. B. Historical Society) 

AND 

PUBLISHED BY THE OFFICERS OF THE CORPS 
FOR PRIVATE DISTRIBUTION. 



ST. JOHN, N. B. 

THE SUN PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED. 

i8q6. 



Entered according to Act of the Parliament of Canada, in the year 
Eighteen Hundred and Ninety-six, by the 
New Brunswick Regiment, Canadian Artillery, at the Department 
of Agriculture. 



TO / 

IvIEUTKNANT-COLONEI> DE I.A CHEROIS T. IRWIN, 

(late JL A.) 
Assistant Adjutant-General for Artiller\\ 
This Volume 

IS RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED 

BY THE AUTHOR 

AS A RECOGNITION OF HIS EFFORTS IN PLACING 

BEFORE THE ARTILLERY OF CANADA 

THE HIGHEST STANDARD OF EXCELLENCE 

FOR THEIR IMITATION. 



PREFACE. 

In presenting his work for the consideration of the reader 
the author trusts that it will be considered rather as a compil- 
ation than as a history and judged accordingly with greater 
leniency. From imperfect records, during brief intervals of 
leisure, the material has been gathered, and so far as possible 
its accuracy has been ensured. There must, however, be many 
things in ' the life which all men live yet few men notice ' that 
have escaped both recollection and chronicle, and it is in the 
hope that the artilleryman of the next century who takes up 
the thread of the story may find it less difficult to trace, that 
the writer lays down his pen warmly thanking the many friends 
who have assisted him in the task which he accepted with all 
its difficulties underestimated. 

John B. M. Baxter. 
5/. John, /v. B., 

February, i8g6. 



INDEX TO CORTEKTS. 



Chapter I 
Chapter II 
Chapter III 
Chapter IV 
Chapter V 
Chapter VI 
Chapter VII 
Chapter VIII 
Chapter IX 
Chapter X 
Chapter XI 
Chapter XII 
Chapter XIII 
Chapter XIV 
Chapter XV 
Chapter XVI 

Chapter XVII 

Chapter XVIII 
Chapter XIX 
Chapter XX - 



1793 ---.--.. I 

- 1794-1S11 16 

- 1812-1815 - - - 24 

■ 1816-1837 -------- 32 

1838 45 

1839 - - - : - - - - 54 

- 18401843 -------- 63 

- 1844-1859 -------- 72 

1859 - - - - - - - - ' 82 

i860 -------- 91 

1861 100 

- 1862-1864 - 117 

- 1865-1868 - 129 

- 1869-1876 - 141 

- 1877-1884 154 

- 1885-1893 -------- 169 

- - - - 186 



THE SERGEANT-MAJOR AND NON- 
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. 



THE BAND. 



THE FORTIFICATIONS. 

1893-1896 — Cono#usion. 



191 
197 
207 



CONTENTS. 



-A^DP DP E 3Sr IDI C E S . 

Centennial Battery Rolls— 1893 - - - 
Regimental Field and Staff Officers— 1838-1896 
Officers' Service I;ists 

The Colville company - . . . . 

Captain Nicholson's batterj' 



B. Iv. Peters' 
Ranney's 
Mcl,auchlan's 
Pick's, No. I, 
Adams', No. 2, 
Hurd Peters', No. 3 
Kerr's, No. 4, 
lyander's, No. 5, 
Charlotte County Artillery 



225 

228 

234 

234 

236 
236 

237 
237 
238 
240 
242 
243 
245 
246 



Westmoreland County Artillery - - . - 247 

Fredericton, York County Artillery . .248 



Captain Travis' battery 

" Osburn's " 
Woodstock (No. 5) 
vSt. George (No. 6) 
Chatham (No. 7) " 

St. Stephen (No. 8) " 



St. George (No. 9) 



Index 



249 
249 
250 
251 
251 
252 
252 
253 






§'■§ 

Sf5 



i t 




Historical i^ecords 

OF THE 

NeA?v^ Brtinsxvick: Regiment 

CANADIAN ARTIIvLKRY. 



CHAPTER 1. 

1793- 
The Loyalists — War with France — Formation of the First Company — 
The Muster Roll — Preparations for Defence — Notes on the First 
Members. 



HE history of the New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery, 
if it were written after years of research, would be almost 
a history of the province whose name it bears. A single 
-company formed a hundred years ago, in a city that was then 
but a village, has become the regiment of today, and the city 
is now the commercial metropolis of New Brunswick. That 
company was founded at a time when the province had just 
been brought into existence by the efforts of a few men whose 
example of loyalty and devotion has been a watchword and 
rallying cry throughout the -succeeding years. 

On the eighteenth day of May, 1783, there had landed on the 
inhospitable shore at the mouth of the river Saint John about 
three thousand men, women and children, who had left the scenes 
of their childhood and the homes of their age rather than submit 
to a form of government in the principles of which they could not 



2 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

concur. A few months later, in September of that year another 
band arrived numbering nearly two thousand souls, and thus 
passed into history a name that shall live through the ages —the 
Loyalists of 1783. So was founded the city of St. John, as the 
district of Parrtown was afterwards known, when it received a royal 
charter on the eighteenth day of May, 1785. In such a commun- 
ity the ranks of the pioneer artillery company were ten years later 
filled by men who had been in close touch with those mighty 
events which caused the poHtical division of this continent, and 
by others, who, coming from the mother country had cast in their 
lot with those who upheld in the new province the principles 
and institutions to which they were devotedly attached. The 
muster rolls of our artillery for the past century contain the names 
of men whose patriotism, ability and influence have been at the 
service of their country in whatever capacity she has required 
them. It is, therefore, of great moment to the present members 
of the corps that its record should be perpetuated during the 
coming years, in the hope that the illustrious example of the 
past may be followed in the present and the future. 

A history, like all things finite, must have a beginning, but 
in a work like this, it is somewhat difficult to fix the proper 
period for commencement. That the origin of the regiment can 
be traced to the Reign of Terror is a statement which seems 
at first sight to be more fanciful than exact, yet that series of 
events which shed such a lurid light upon the last decade of 
the eighteenth century, is really the cause of which our organ- 
ization today is the indirect result. While on the. 21st January, 
1793, the infuriated populace of Paris was exulting over the 
death of Louis XVI, Colonel Bonaparte, the young Corsican 
officer, commanded the artillery of the republic at Toulon. Years 
afterwards a future commander of our regiment of artillery was 



N. P.. (.ARKISON AK^I1,I.KK^. 3 

an officer on the island station where the great emperor was 
imprisoned. The crash of the guillotine and the thunder of 
the guns at Toulon, roused the nations of Europe. War was 
declared by France against Great Britain, Holland, Spain, Austria 
atid Prussia, and counter declarations were made. In con- 
sequence of this the then Colonial Secretary, Mr. Henry 
DuNDAS, sent a letter dated at Whitehall, 9th February, 1793, 
to the lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia informing him that the 
persons exercising the supreme authority in France had declared 
war against the king of England on the first of that month — 
that letters of marque or commissions of privateer would be 
granted in the usual manner and giving assurance to all owners 
of armed ships and vessels that his majesty would consider 
them as having a just claim to the king's share of all French 
ships and property of which they might make prize. A similar 
despatch was probably sent to the lieutenant-governor of New 
Brunswick. x\t the same time a circular letter was sent to the 
lieutenant-governors of both provinces requiring them to raise 
provincial corps of six hundred men each, the subsistence and 
equipment of which was to be a charge upon the royal ex- 
chequer. On the 4th May, 1793, Governor (Brigadier-General) 
Thomas Carleton wrote to Major-General Clarke, then in 
command, stating that he had appointed Edward Winslow, 
Esq., Muster-master General of the late provincial forces, to 
muster and inspect the recruits for one of these corps, the 
King's N. B. Regiment. This regiment was entirely distinct 
from the militia which at the same time was being organized 
as rapidly as possible. 

The peace which followed the American rebellion, had left 
the provinces in a supine state with respect to military organi- 
zation and defences. An act providing for the enrolment of 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



the militia had been passed in 1787 but does not appear to 
have been acted upon. Another law, repealing the former, was 
enacted in 1792, and under this the enrolment of the militia 
began, while the regiment for service with troops of the line 
was also being rhustered. In those times the militia represented 
not alone the lads and young men of the community but in 
reality every able bodied man from sixteen to sixty years of age 
with the exception of a very few exempts. The feeling of dan- 
ger was immediate and personal and there was a commensurate 
sense of responsibility. Many of the citizens were men who 
had fought for their homes and lost everything in their struggle 
for king and conscience. Such men were the leaders of pub- 
lic opinion in our province, and under the stimulus of their 
example it is quite probable that the ranks were quickly and 
willingly filled. Under such circumstances and from such splen- 
did material, on the fourth day of May, 1793, there was en- 
rolled in the Loyal Company of Artillery of the city of Saint 
John the following patriotic men : — 

John Colville, captain. 

Thomas Gilbert, ist lieutenant. 

John Ward, 2nd lieutenant. 

Oliver Bourdette, John Chubb, sergeants. 



Privates :- 

Alex. McPherson, 
Timothy Perry, 
Lewis DeBlois, 
Timothy Thomson, 
Lawrence Robinson, 
John McLeod, 
Josiah Butler, 
James Hoyt, 
James Gaynor, 
William Barlow, 



Samuel Smiler, 
Arthur Dingwall, 
John Mills, 
William Thompson, 
William Olive, 
Robert Andrews, 
Nathaniel Worrell, 
Anthony Reece, 
Samuel Stephen, 
Archibald McNeill, 



Stephen Potter, 
Beach Sealy, 
Daniel Belding, 
Thomas Robson, 
Daniel Leavitt, 
William Chappell, 
Geo. Symers (Stymest?) 
Samuel Whitney, 
Stephen Bourdette, 
Asa Cutler, 



\. V: (..\kKl>.C)N AK i ll.i.l'.KS 



Wm. MargestoM, 
Samuel Milcy, 
Humphrey Peel, 
Lawrence Hartwick, 
James Gregor, 
Robert Alden, 
John Morrill, 
Geo. Younghusband, 
Joseph Can by, 
Thos. Smith, 
Ezekiel Barlow, 
John Waterbury, 
Henry Anthony, 
Thomas Clapp, 
Aaron Moses Beek, 
Thos. Lawton, 
Wm. Roden, 
Andrew Crook shank, 
Thomas Hanford, 
George Smith, 



James Kavanaugh, 
Robert Reid, 
Charles Thomas, jr. 
William Pagan, 
Bradford Gilbert, 
Robert Laidley, 
Daniel DeVoe, 
Joseph Forrester, 
Jacob Pearson, 
Jonathan Leavitt, 
William Young, 
Samuel Mason, 
Thomas Jennings, 
Captain Watt, 
John Garrison, 
Benjamin Burgess, 
Simeon Parker, 
Nicholas Lake, 
John Shaw, 
Barth'w Coxetter, 



William Donald, 
John Belyea, 
Thomas Green, 
Robert E. Boyd, 
John Darragh, 
Henry Finch, 
Aquilla Rich, 
Richard Longmuir, 
Robert Patullo, 
Thomas Reed, 
Benjamin Stanton, 
Samuel Boyer, 
Charles Thomas, sr., 
Joseph Gorham, 
Thomas Thomas, 
William Harper, 
James Hume, 
Peter Boura, 
Robert Green. 



The muster roll was completed not a day too soon. On the 
6th May news was received at Saint John that a French priv- 
ateer of ten guns and forty-five men was cruising in the Bay 
of Fundy. A night patrol was immediately established and 
Capt. Robert Reed of the 'Independent Volunteers' took the 
first tour of duty. Some proposed to fit out an armed vessel to 
go after the belligerent stranger. Another guard-house was pro- 
vided for the watch, and a double guard was placed at the 
Lower Cove battery — probably Dorchester battery. This fort 
was then armed with i8-pr. guns which it is gravely stated, 
were ' so excellently situated as to prevent the possibiUty of an 
'enemy's ship coming into the harbor.' The expected vessel 
never came and the night patrol exerted its vigilance tor noth- 
ing. Later on, in August, there was another scare caused by 
the report that a large naval force of the enemy had arrived 



6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

on this continent. Governor Carleton hastened to St. John, 
which was in a state of alarm, and directed the erection of 
some fortifications which were thought to render the city per- 
fectly safe against attache by sea. Again, in October, a report 
was spread that two thousand four hundred French troops 
among which were 'a banditti of miscreants ' and some desert- 
ers from Galbaud's corps, were ready to embark at New York. 
They were said to have forty horses and sixteen pieces of field 
artillery but were badly clothed. Governor Carleton did not 
suppose that New Brunswick would be the objective point of 
this expedition but as a matter of precaution he ordered forty 
artillerymen (Royal) and a detachment of about eighty men of 
the King's New Brunswick Regiment, commanded by Major 
Murray, to St. John. Capt. Clinch's company of that regi- 
ment was stationed at Passamaquoddy and the remaining com- 
panies at Fredericton and the upper posts. The governor 
reviewed the militia of the city of St. John and five hundred 
and eleven non-commissioned officers and men responded. He 
set them to work preparing fascines and throwing up tempor- 
ary works for the protection of the harbor. This was the first 
military employment of the militia artillery. At this time the 
common council of the city had under consideration the ob- 
taining of some lots in St. James street for the purposes of 
fortification but the project appears to have been abandoned. 
Despite the danger, either malice or mischief was not suppressed 
as the following extract from the minutes of common council 
of 8th November, 1793, will shew: — 

" Information having been given to this board that the Centi- 
"nals posted at the batteries have in several instances been as- 
"saulted by some evil disposed persons who have thrown stones 
" at them in the dark ; 



N. 1^ GARRISON ARTILLKRY. 7 

"Ordered, that the Clark do prepare an advertisement to 
**send to the publick papers offering in the name of the cor- 
"poration 20 dollars reward to any person who shall discover 
"the offender or offenders to be paid on conviction." 

No further reports appear to have been received during the 
winter and there was no further reference to the unfortunate 
sentinels. The alarm of the French revolution, however, had, 
among other things, caused the formation of a company of 
artillery which has unbroken historical continuity with the or- 
ganization of today. It will be noticed that the term 'company' 
is used in referring to the artillery of that time. It was then 
and until about 1862 continued to be the correct designation 
of artillery. It is a fact, worthy of note, that Captain Col- 
ville's company was organized only seventy-seven years later than 
the formation of that splendid regiment which shares in every 
victory of British arms and proudly writes ^Ubique' on its shield. 
The Royal artillery having been organized with two companies 
claim regimental history from 17 16, while their New Brunswick 
kinsman must be content with the record of a single company 
until 1833. At first our company formed a part of the Saint 
John County militia and was accorded the honor due to artil- 
lery of occupying the right flank at inspections and reviews. 
When the annual parade states were made up the staff officers 
and non-commissioned . officers were always included in the 
state of the artillery. Another and a very special distinction 
was accorded to this company — that of wearing gold facings 
instead of those at that time usually worn by colonial corps. 

The personnel of the first muster-roll is an interesting study 
to a resident of St. John. Many of the names are still borne 
by the descendants of the old artillerymen while others have 
completely died out. John Colville, the first captain, was a 



8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

man of wealth and position in the Httle community. By the 
city charter he had been appointed assistant to the alderman 
for Kings ward, a position which gave him a seat at the com- 
mon council, in the minutes of which he is frequently referred 
to by his miHtary title. In 1794, after several years of absence 
from the board, he was elected alderman for the same ward, 
and in 1795 having been again chosen to that position he ap- 
peared at the council and declined re-election. He had also 
held several minor offices under the city. Captain Colville 
was the founder of the commercial firm of Crookshaxk & 
Johnston, which flourished for many years. The senior mem- 
ber of that firm was Andrew Crookshank, whose mother had 
married Captain Colville. Andrew Crookshank afterwards 
succeeded to the command of the artillery company. 

Captain Colville is buried in the Church of England bury- 
ing ground at St. John. The following is the inscription on 
his tombstone : — 

John Colville. 

Died Nov. 7, 1808, 

In the 71st* year of his age, 

Mr. Colville came to this province with the 
Loyalists in 1783, and was for many years 
a merchant in this city, during which time 
his unflinching integrity won for him the 
sincere esteem of every honest man, to 
whom he was known. 



Rachel Norris, 

widow of 

John Colville, 

Died June 6, 1823. 




The Crookshank House. 
(Residence of Captain John Colville.) 



\. I (.ARRISON ARTILLERY. 9 

The * Crookshank house ' as it is now known was the resi- 
dence of John Colville. It was situated on Prince William 
street opposite the Bank of British North America, and at its 
destruction in 1895 was the oldest house in St. John. The 
material for its construction was brought to the city by packet. 
Its owner drew Nos. 50 and 159 in the original distribution 
of lots on the eastern side ' of the harbor among the loyalist 
settlers of the city. 

Thomas Gilbert, the first lieutenant, was one of the Gil- 
bert family of which there are a number of descendants in the 
province today. 

John' Ward, second lieutenant, was one of the very few of 
the original members of the company who was destined to 
witness the celebration of its fiftieth anniversary. His name is 
still fresh and his record bright while nearly all of his com- 
panions have faded out of recollection. A later chapter will 
deal with the history of this excellent officer in some detail. 

Oliver Bourdette, sergeant, was, like his brother Stephen, 
who was a private in the company, 'a respectable citizen of 
St. John.' 

John Chubb, sergeant, was a loyalist who came to this prov- 
ince in 1783. He carried on the business of a shoemaker and 
tanner in company with Jehiel Partelow. His son was Henry 
Chubb, the editor and proprietor of the ' Courier,' one of the 
early newspapers of the city, from the files of which much in- 
teresting material has been gathered for this work. John Chubb 
died October 15th, 1822, aged 69 years. 

Alexander McPherson, one -of the privates, died on the 
5th January, 1819, at the age of 64 years. He was then an 
old and respected inhabitant of the city. There was a lieutenant 
in the New Jersey volunteers of the same name. 



lO HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Timothy Perry is one of the many whose record seems to 
have been lost. He may have been a relation of John Perry, 
a Massachusetts loyaHst, who died at St. John in 1803. 

Lewis DeBlois was a Massachusetts loyalist and a promi- 
nent merchant in St. John. His daughter married James 
White who was sheriff of St. John city and county from 18 16 
to 1847. DeBlois died in 1802. 

Timothy Thomson. No record. 

Lawrence Robinson. No record. 

John McLeod. A loyalist. Was a merchant of St. John, and 
died there in 1805, aged 45 years. 

Josiah Butler. A loyalist. Died at St. John in 181 2, aged 
50 years. 

James Hoyt, came from Connecticut. Was a loyalist and 
a merchant of St. John. Died in Kings county in 1803. 

James Gaynor. A loyalist. Died at St. John in 1803, aged 72. 

William Barlow was one of a family of shipwrights and 
merchants. The others were Thomas, Joseph and Ezekiel. 

William Margeston. A loyalist. No further record. 

Samuel Miley. No record. 

Humphrey Peel. A block and pump maker in St. John. He 
was a loyalist and 'a very respectable man.' 

Lawrence Hartwick. No record. 

James Gregor. A merchant. He died at Hampton, Kings 
county, July 21st, 1823, aged 71. 

Robert Alden. No record. 

John Morrill. A loyaHst from Long Island, N. Y. He 
died at St. John in 181 7, aged 69. 

George Younghusband was a loyalist, and in 1803 was an 
alderman of St. John. 

Joseph Canby was a Pennsylvania loyalist. He fell from a 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. II 

wharf and died at St John on October 8th, 1814, aged 56 
years. He was a merchant. 

Thomas Smith. Of him there is no record unless he was the 
Thos. Smith, of Ridgefield, Conn., who was captain of a priv- 
ateer during the Revolutionary war. If so, he was a friend 
and fellow prisoner of Ebenezer Hatheway. This Smith died 
at St. John. 

EzEKiEL Barlow. See William Barlow. 

John Waterbury. A Connecticut loyalist. Was a merch- 
ant in St. John where he died in 181 7, at the age of 68 years. 

Henry Anthony was a loyalist. Anthony's cove near Courte- 
nay bay was named after him. Robert Chestnut of Fred- 
ericton married a daughter of Anthony. He was one of the 
three survivors who was present at the celebration of the fiftieth 
anniversary of the formation of the company. 

Thomas Clapp. No record. 

Aaron Moses Beek may have been related to Joseph Beek, 
a loyalist who came to St. John, otherwise no record. 

Thomas Lawton. A loyalist from Rhode Island, who died 
in 1803. 

William Roden. No record. 

Andrew Crookshank. A son of Capt. Geo. Crookshank, 
a loyalist. He w^as afterwards captain of the company. 

Thomas Hanford was a Connecticut loyalist and a promi- 
nent citizen and merchant of St. John. He died in 1826, at 
the age of 78 years. 

George Smith was a builder. He was the first W. M. of 
St. John's Lodge, F. & A. M. 

Samuel Smiler was a loyalist. He died November 9th, 
1820, at the age of 56 years, and 'filled many public offices 
with the greatest integrity.' 



12 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Arthur Dingwall was a loyalist and a merchant of St. 
lohn. He was drowned on a passage to England. 

John Mills. A loyalist. No further record. 

William Thompson. A loyahst No further record. 

William Olive. A loyalist. He died at Carleton in 1822, 
and was *an upright and most respectable citizen.' 

Robert Andrews. No record. 

Nathaniel Worrell. A loyalist. Thought to have gone 
to Halifax, N. S. 

Anthony Reece. No record. 

Samuel Stephen. No record. He may have been a brother 
of Solomon Stephen, a New Hampshire loyalist who died at 
Musquash, St. John county, in 1819. 

Archibald McNeill was a loyalist. He died on the St. 
John River in 1808. 

James Kavanaugh No record. 

Robert Reid. A loyalist. No further record. 

Charles Thomas, jr. He was probably a son of Charles 
Thomas, a Connecticut loyalist, who died in 181 8, aged 75. 

William Pagan was a native of Glasgow, Scotland. He was 
a merchant in New York at the time of the Revolution and 
came with the loyalists to this province in 1783. He was a 
representative of the county of Saint John in the first general 
assembly of the Province of New Brunswick, and was one of 
the aldermen of the city of Saint John appointed by the charter. 

Bradford Gilbert. A loyalist. Was a merchant of St. 
John, and in 1803 was an alderman of the city. He died in 
18 14, aged 68 years. 

Robert Laidley. He died October i6th, 181 7, and was 
one of the early settlers, 'an honest and industrious man.' He 
was a dealer in tinware, and resided on King street, St. John. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 3 

Daniel DeVoe. Was a soldier in the Revolutionary war 
in a company in which John Ward was an officer. He 
probably followed his old commander into the Artillery com- 
pany. On 13th June, 1818, DeVoe while walking dow^n King 
street, wa accidentally shot by Barton Wallop who, with 
his brother Newton, was playing with an old horse pistol, not 
knowing it to be loaded. These boys were grandsons of John 
Ward. 

Joseph Forrester. A loyalist. Died in Boston in 1804, 
aged 46 years. 

Jacob Pearson. A loyalist. Was a pilot of the port of St. 
John. 

Jonathan Leavitt. Came from New Hampshire in 1763 
in the company of colonists brought by Francis Peabody from 
New England. He was a shipmaster, shipowner and trader, do- 
ing a considerable business. He had six sons and several 
daughters. All of Jonathan's descendants in the province spell 
their name ' Leavitt,' while those of Daniel, his brother, spell 
it 'Lovett.' Both brothers were grantees of lots in Carleton, 
Jonathan having seventeen lots and Daniel three. 

William Young. A Pennsylvania loyaHst. Died at Carle- 
ton, St. John, in 1804, aged 49 years. 

Samuel Mason. A loyahst. Died in 1827, at the age of 
66 years, ' a respectable inhabitant and a good mechanic' 

Thomas Jennings. A loyaUst. Died 1805. 

Captain Watt was a shipmaster, captain of the Dardalus. 
He died at Quebec, October 28th, 181 7. 

John Garrison. A loyalist and member of the House of 
Assembly. He died on the St John River, in 18 10. 

Benjamin Burgess, Simeon Parker, Nicholas Lake. No 
record. 



14 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

John Shaw. A loyalist. At the time of the peace he was 
in the lumber trade. He went to Shelburne, N. S. 

Bartholomew Coxetter was a loyalist and a very respect- 
able inhabitant of St John. He died in 1836. 

Stephen Potter. No record. He was probably related to 
James Potter mentioned as a captain of artillery. 

Beach Sealy. No record. 

Daniel Belding. Was one of the three survivors who par- 
ticipated in the jubilee of the company in 1843. 

Thomas Robson, who died October i6th, 1841, aged 74 years, 
was the oldest shipmaster of the port of St. John, and for 
many years had been harbor master. 

Daniel Leavitt was also a shipmaster. He died October 
1 6th, 1833, aged 88 years. 

William Chappell. A loyalist, is thought to have removed 
to P. E. Island. 

George Symers, (probably Stymest) is not mentioned, but 
Jasper Stymest was a Long Island loyalist who died in 1826, 
aged 75 years. They were probably related. 

Samuel Whitney. A loyalist. Died in 181 5, aged 61 years, 
having been for many years a merchant of St. John. He was 
the father of James Whitney, a steamboat proprietor. 

Stephen Bourdette, a brother of Oliver Bourdette. 
Both well known as 'respectable citizens of St. John.' 

Asa Cutler. No record. 

William Donald was a Scotchman and a prominent merch- 
ant of the city. He afterwards was a lieutenant in the com- 
()any. He died June 22nd, 1828, aged 74. 

John Belyea. This name is spelled indifferently, Bulyea, 
Beryea or Belyea. He was a loyalist who settled in Kings 
county. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I5 

Thomas Green. A Pennsylvania loyalist who died about 
1815. 
'Robert E. Boyd, John Darragh. No record. 

Henry Finch. A Georgia loyalist who died at St. John 
in 1814. 

Aquilla Rich. No record. 

Richard Longmuir was a shipmaster. His daughter was 
the first wife of Hon. Charles Simonds. 

Robert Patullo. A respectable citizen who lived on King 
street, next to Thatcher Sears' house. 

Thomas Reed. He married the daughter of one John Clark 
in 1819. 

Benjamin Stanton. A Rhode Island loyalist and a very 
respectable citizen. He died in 1823, aged 68. 

Samuel Boyer. No record. There were two of this name, 
both loyalists. The name is still extant both in St. John and 
Carleton counties. 

Charles Thomas, sr., was a Connecticut loyalist who died 
in St. John in 18 18, at the age of 75 years. 

Joseph Goram, (now spelled Gorham), a loyalist. There 
was also a Joseph A. Gorham, also a loyalist. 

Thomas Thomas. A loyalist. There were several of this 
name who settled in St. John at the end of the war. 

William Harper. No record. 

James Hume. A Georgia loyalist. No further record. 

Peter Boura. A loyalist. Was a shipmaster, and died in 
1804, aged 49 years, while on a passage from Jamaica. 

Robert Green. No record. Several of this name were 
loyalists. 



1 6 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER II, 
I794-I8II. 



ytsit of the Duke of Kent— Address— PerUous Times— The Artillery 
Company Contribute to the National Defence Fund— Nelson and the 
j^avy — Muster Bolls — New Officers — Arms and Accoutrements. 



fHE events in Europe ceased to affect the colonies in 
America, so far as the danger of invasion was concerned 
after the year 1793, though commerce was considerably 
interfered with. An era of comparative quiet began which was 
not materially disturbed for many years. The next event of 
importance to the young artillery company, and indeed to the 
city of Saint John, was the visit of a royal prince, the first of 
many occasions on which members of the royal family have 
been received in this province. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, 
a son of George III, and the father of our present Most 
Gracious Sovereign was, at this time, in military command at 
Quebec. In 1794 he visited Halifax, and after staying there for 
a time, proceeded to Annapolis on June 14th, where he em- 
barked in the Zebra sloop of war, for Saint John Here he 
arrived on the 19th June. The Royal Gazette of 24th June 
of that year in a letter thus describes his visit : — 

On Wednesday last (i8th June) arrived in this city from 
Fredericton, His Excellency Major-General Carleton, Governor 
of this province, to meet His Royal Highness Prince Edward, 
who was hourly expected from Digby, to which place he had 
passed through the country from Halifax on a visit to this 
province. His Excellency was received by a salute from the 
Royal Artillery here upon his landing, and yesterday, (19th June) 
at 4 o'clock p. m., arrived His Majesty's ship of war Zebniy 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 7 

commanded by Capt. Vaughan, having on board His Royal 
Highness attended by Capt. Vezey, one of his aides-de-camp. 
,A royal salute was fired from Dorchester battery as the ship 
passed. At 6 o'clock His Royal Highness left the ship, which 
immediately fired a royal salute, and in a few minutes he came 
ashore at the public landing which was crowded and surround- 
ed by a great concourse of loyal subjects, who had collected, 
eager to testify their joy upon this very pleasing and flattering 
occasion. ^fr ^k ^ * *-x--x--x--x- 

Prince William street was lined on both sides from the 
landing to Mr. Chipman's house (where rdoms were prepared 
for the reception of His Royal Highness) by the Cadet com- 
pany in their uniform, the Artillery company of the city and 
several of the companies of the militia under arms, who made 
a very good appearance and with which His Royal Highness 
appeared to be much pleased. 

Immediately upon his landing royal salutes were fired by the 
Artillery Company of the City and from the armed brig Union 
and His Royal Highness with that complacency and dignity 
which so strongly mark his character passed between the lines, 
and attended as he was, received at the landing to Mr. Chip- 
man's house. 

At seven o'clock in the evening His Royal Highness received 
an address from the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the 
City. He left St. John the following day for Fredericton and 
returned on the succeeding Monday. On Tuesday, after hold- 
ing a levee and inspecting the fortifications, he re-embarked for 
Digby 671 route to Halifax. 

The Chipman house is still standing in a state of good pre- 
servation. More than half a century later it was destined to 
receive H. R. H. the Prince of Wales on his visit to the 
provinces. From the height on which it is situated may be 
seen the site of old Fort La Tour, memorable for its gallant 
defence by the heroic French lady of that name ; Fort Howe, 
in the garrison of which Cobbett was a private soldier ; and 



l8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the gray old Martello Tower on Carleton Heights which stands 
a lonely sentinel of the historic past. 

Another incident connecting Prince Edward with Saint John 
may be noticed here. In 1799 he became Commander-in-Chief 
of H. M. forces in British North America, and on this occasion 
the common council of Saint John, at a meeting held 27th 
November of that year 'voted the following address to His 
Royal Highness : — 

To His Royal highness Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and 
Strathern, Knight of the most Noble Order of the Garter 
and of the ?nost Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, Gen- 
eral and Commander-in-Chief of all His Majesty's forces in 
British North America, etc. 
May it please Your Excellency : — 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Saint 
John beg leave in an humble address to approach your Royal 
Highness with sentiments of loyalty, gratitude and respect in the 
expression of which language fails to give utterance to the ful- 
ness of their hearts. 

When we reflect that the city and the province of which it 
is a part, both yet in their infancy, are the offspring of loyalty 
to the best of sovereigns and of attachment to a constitution 
the birth right of British subjects and the envy and admira- 
tion of surrounding nations, we feel those principles of our origin 
indissolubly strengthened and confirmed by His Majesty's most 
gracious favor in appointing to the chief military command of 
his dominion in this part of the world so illustrious a branch 
of his august family and one in so eminent a degree inherit- 
ing his father's virtues. 

The pleasure with which our bosoms beat high when your 
Royal Highness heretofore condescended to visit this province 
still vibrates in our breasts ; we then experienced a high and 
proud satisfaction from your residence in a part of the country 
so near to us. But when we find the safety, interest, and wel- 
fare of this part of the empire the distinguished and favored 
object of your voluntary patronage and care — sensations of un- 
bounded gratitude arise in quick succession to our most gracious 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 9 

sovereign for conferring, and to your Royal Highness for 
accepting, the high and important trust committed to your 
hands. From these signal instances of royal benevolence and 
at'tention the most public benefits are naturally anticipated, 
and the knowledge we have of the character drawn from the 
conduct of your Royal Highness on past occasions encourages 
our indulgence of the most sanguine hopes. 

While virtue, talents and exalted rank happily united shall 
be respected among mankind— while high command in all its 
just arrangements and minute operations directed solely to the 
public safety and the public welfare — shall claim the esteem 
and applause of the virtuous and the good — the name of your 
Royal Highness will stand eminently conspicuous on the rolls 
of fame. 

That your Royal Highness thro' a long life yet to come 
may enjoy the satisfaction and happiness and your country the 
benefits resulting from the exercise of qualities so enviable and 
so great will be our ardent and unceasing prayer. 

(Signed) Wm. Campbell, Mayor. 

(Signed) Charles J. Peters, 

Common Clerk. 

Scarcely anything could be imagined more adulatory than this 
address, but the people of the time must be credited with 
deep feehng of the sentiments which they rather effusively 
expressed. At the time of passing the address John Ward, 
the lieutenant, and Oliver Bourdette, one of the sergeants, 
named in the first muster roll, occupied seats at the council, 
the former as alderman for Kings and the latter as assistant 
for Queens ward. 

In the year 1798 Britain was engaged in a life and death 
struggle w^ith the combined powers of France and Spain. Bona- 
parte contemplated and made preparation for the invasion of 
England. The resources of parliament were at a low ebb and 
the national existence was at stake. An appeal was made to 
the nation at large, and the response was hearty and immediate. 



20 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Books for voluntary subscriptions were opened at the Bank 
of England — all subscriptions to be annual during the war, 
or so long as required. The king headed the list with 
^200,000 sterling, and contributions flowed in from all quar- 
ters from thousands of pounds down to sixpences, even the mite 
of the widow and the infant helping to swell the general fund. In 
a short time ^£'5, 000, 000 sterling was raised in Great Britain. 
The colonies loyally united with the mother country, the in- 
fant province of New Brunswick, with a population of perhaps 
fifteen thousand, contributing ^3,000 towards the national de- 
fence. Lieutenant-Governor Carleton headed the list with 
j£soo. Chief Justice Ludlow contributed ;£^ioo and others 
in proportion. On June 15th, 1798, the Adjutant-General 
of New Brunswick by command of His Excellency the 
Lieutenant-Governor addressed a circular to the colonels of the 
militia regiments requesting them to bring the matter of con- 
tributing to the fund for national defence before their captains 
in order that the men of their companies might have the op- 
portunity of subscribing such sums as they could afford, 
the same to be transmitted to the Duke of Portland, 
one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State. The fol- 
lowing sums were contributed by Captain Colville's company 
of Militia Artillery : 



John Colville, ^^lo 





James Lawton, ^2 


10 


John Ward, 10 





John Dillon, 


2 6 


Thomas Jennings, 20 





Lewis DeBlois, 2 


10 


Arthur Dingwall, 10 





Daniel Lovett, 5 





John Bentley, 10 





Thomas Lawton, 5 





James Gregor, y 


10 


Timothy Thomson, i 


3 4 


George Younghusband, 10 





James Reid, 2 





William Roden, 2 


10 







^98 5 



10 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 21 

- Exclusive of the above sum £iio was paid by different 
members of the company, under the head of "City and County 
oC Saint John " which makes the total amount that the company 
subscribed ^^^208 5 10. 

The news of Nelson's victory at the battle of the Nile, 
fought August I St, 1798, reached Saint John by the ship William, 
Capt. Hunter, about the 23d November following. It was 
received with universal exultation. The Saint John Gazette 
records : — 'as soon as the agreeable intelligence reached this 
'loyal city the forts and shipping in the harbour were decorated 
'with their flags flying, and universal joy diffused itself through 
'every order of the people. At 12 o'clock a salute of 21 guns 
'was fired by the Royal Artillery, followed by a discharge of 
'three volleys from the troops in garrison, which was returned 
'by the same number of guns from the City Artillery and 
'ship William, Capt. Hunter.' 

There was a spontaneous desire for illumination which was 
duly carried into effect, and that night Saint John held high 
carnival. The houses of Hon. Geo. Leonard, John Black, 
Esq., and many others "flamed away from top to bottom.'' 
The shipping in the harbour was brilliantly illuminated, cannon 
were discharged from the Artillery p'~--k and the battery by the 
garrison and City Artillery, the stree^ resounded with cheers 
for Nelson and the Navy, and altogether the night was one 
of the most memorable in the early days of Saint John. 

The next muster roll of the corps which is extant is that of 
1809. That many changes had taken place in the sixteen years 
since formation will readily be seen by a glance at the names 
which appear as follows : — 



22 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Andrew Crookshank, captain. 

William Donald, ist lieutenant. 

David Waterbury, 2nd lieutenant. 
John Chubb, John Freeman, Thos. Hunter, sergeants. 
John Gamble, Humphrey Peele, Sam'l Nichols, corp'ls. 
Privates : — 



Henry Anthony, 
Ezekiel Barlow, 
Thomas Barlow, 
John Booth, 
George Bonsall, 
Thomas Bean, 
William Burtis, 
John Bentley, 
John W. Bliss, 
Lawton Bedell, 
John Bernie, 
Daniel Cables, 
Joseph Canby, 
Barthol'w Coxetter, 
Peter Cables, 
James Cables, 
George Clark, 
Isaac Clark, 
Noah Disbrow, 



George Donald, 
John Faught, 
James Gregor, 
Henry Gardner, jr. 
Harry Gilbert, 
Thomas Gilbert 
Robert Green, 
Arcb'd Henderson, 
Alex. Hethburn, 
William Hedden, 
William Harper, 
Hugh Johnston, 
James Johnston, 
Ralph Jarvis, 
Daniel Lovett, sr., 
James Lawton, 
Samuel Miles, jr. 
Alex. McKenzie, 
Richard Mott, 



Solomon Nichols, 
Daniel Pettingal, 
George Pagan, 
Thomas Pettingal, 
James Pettingal, 
William Robinson, 
Philip Schurman, 
George Swiney, 
Tartelus Theall, 
Whitney Traverse, 
William Tell, 
John Waterbury, jr. 
John Ward, jr. 
Robert Wood, 
Stephen Wiggins, 
Charles Ward. 
Josiah Butler, 
Thomas Handford, 
James Henderson. 



October 25th, 18 10, vf% the fiftieth anniversary of the ac- 
cession of George HIH The rolls of 18 10 shew the follow- 
ing changes since the previous year : — 



DISCHARGED. 

John H. Bliss, 

Wm. Harper, 

James Johnston, 

James Lawton, 

John Ward, jr., promoted. 

Josiah Butler, 

Thomas Handford, 



JOINED. 

Lewis Bliss, 
John Downie, 
William Gaynor, 
Alex. Johnston, 
Thos. Merritt, 
Robt. Robertson, 
Jas. Waterberry. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 23 

The roll was made up on 2nd August, 18 10, and if there 
was any military observance of the old King's jubilee at Saint 
John, the Artillery company was sure to have taken part in it. 

On August 1 2th, 181 1, the Artillery was mustered again. 
A few more changes had taken place in the ranks as the fol- 
lowing will shew: — 

DISCHARGED. JOINED. 

Henry Gilbert, Amos Addams, 

Robert Green, Ezekiel Barlow, jr., 

Richard Mott, Samuel Ferris, 

Thomas Petti ngal, Thomas Fowler, 

James Pettingal, W. Tyng Peters, 

Whitney Traverse, John Wood. 

Upon the death of Capt. Colville, in 1808, Andrew 
Crookshank had become captain of the company, and at some 
time previous to 181 2, Willliam Donald had succeeded to 
the first lieutenancy and David Waterbury had been appoint- 
ed second lieutenant. Andrew Crookshank as before stated, 
was the stepson of John Colville, and was a merchant of the 
city. He represented King's ward in 18 13 and 18 14 as alder- 
man. In the latter year David Waterbury was assistant 
for the same ward. 

A return of arms and accoutrements in 1808, shows that the 
Artillery company then had two 6-pr. guns, complete, but they 
were without muskets or side arms. The belts were only 
round belts or a strap and frog which ' had to answer all pur- 
poses.' 



24 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER III. 

1812-1815. 

The Bight of Search— Drifting towards War— Military Governors Ap- 
pointed—War Declared— Letter from the People of Eastport — 
March of the 104th— Loss of Materiel— A Prize in the Port of St. 
John — Recollections — End of the War. 



'^^HE bitter feelings engendered by the revolution of the 
\J American colonies were not destined to quickly die out. 
Though nominally at peace with England, yet many of 
the states saw in the great struggle between that nation and 
Erance, an opportunity for striking another blow at the mother 
land. This feeling was confined to the Southern and Western 
states, while those in the North-eastern portion of the Union 
sympathized with the British colonies across the line. The 
great naval contest in which Britain was then engaged made the 
obtaining of seamen a matter of vital importance. Desertions 
were frequent under the rough discipHne of those days and, 
alluring as their tales of glory now may be, it was necessary 
to resort to impressment and other severe measures to keep up 
the supply and prevent unauthorized abandonment of the ser- 
vice. The American merchant service was growing and that 
nation being at peace with all the world employment in her 
marine was eagerly sought. Men who had served in the Brit- 
ish Navy were of course most desirable seamen and by that class 
the American vessels were principally manned. Great Britain 
resolved to put an end to desertions and claimed a "right of 
search " of all vessels on the high seas for that purpose. So 



N. B. OARRISON ARTILLERY. 25 

early as 1807, a collision occurred on this subject which angered 
the Americans. H. M. S. Leopard stopped the U. S. ship 
Chesapeake, when sailing out of Hampton Roads. There was 
some resistance and the Leopard fired on the other vessel after 
which four men were taken from the Chesapeake as deserters 
froiji the British Navy. From that time the nations drifted 
rapidly towards war, for which the British Government made 
preparation. In New Brunswick as before stated Thomas Car- 
LETON was Lieutenant-Governor. He retained this position 
until his death in 18 17, but in 1803 having gone to England, 
on leave, the administration of the government devolved on 
Gabriel G. Ludlow, who had been the first mayor of Saint 
John. In 1808 he was succeeded by Edward Winslow who 
occupied the office of administrator from February until May 
of that year. On May 24th Major-General Martin Hun- 
ter assumed the administration, the home government having 
decided to appoint military officers over all the provinces. He 
continued in office until 9th April, 181 2, with the exception of 
two short absences in 1808 and 181 1, during which Lieutenant- 
Colonel George Johnston and Major-General William Bal- 
four presided. In 181 2 Major-General Hunter was succeeded 
as President of His Majesty's Council by Major-General G. Tracey 
Smythe. 

On the 1 8th June of that year an act of Congress was passed 
declaring war against Great Britain. The necessity for a mili- 
tary governor and the advisability of such an appointment was 
now shown. On the intelligence being received in New Bruns- 
wick His Honor, the President, promptly communicated with 
the City of St. John on the subject of fortifying that place 
against the probable danger of invasion. At a meeting held 
on ist July, 181 2, the common council resolved, 'that they 



26 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

' would lend every aid and assistance within their power to- 
' wards the objects suggested, and would take steps forthwith to 
' agree with the proprietors of the lots on and around the ruins 
'of Fort Frederick to satisfy and compensate them for any 
' damage that might be necessarily sustained by them in con- 
' sequence of erecting the contemplated fortifications.' 

They also resolved, 'that the members of the board would 
'personally attend to aid and assist in the work, and do all 
' within the compass of their power to induce the inhabitants 
'of the city to volunteer their exertions and services in so 
'necessary an undertaking.' 

Aldermen Sancton and Seely and Assistant Gardner were 
appointed a committee to see the proprietors of the lots on 
and surrounding the ruins of Fort Frederick and to enter into 
any arrangement with them that might be requisite, on the sub- 
ject of the intended fortifications. 

At the next meeting of the city council, held July 7th, 18 12, 
a remarkable communication was laid before them by the mayor. 
It was a letter which had been received by him from ' the chair- 
' man of a committee of public safety for the town of East Port, 
'in the District of Maine, expressive of a determination of the 
' inhabitants of that district to abstain from all depredations on 
'the property or hostility against the persons of the inhabitants 
'of this province during the present war declared by America 
* against Great Britain so far as is consistent with the duty they 
'owe to their country.' Upon the reading of this letter the 
council unanimously resolved that the mayor be requested to 
convey to the committee their approbation of the sentiments 
therein contained and to assure them that everything on the 
part of the city should be done to promote a reciprocal line of 
conduct. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 27 

Alderman Crookshank, the captain of the artillery was present 
at these meetings. The government at that time took possession 
6f Fort Frederick (old Fort LaTour) for the purposes of de- 
fence. Despite the danger of invasion the military force in the 
lower provinces was not strengthened until 1813. In the early 
months of that year Sir George Prevost ordered that the 2nd 
battalion of the 8th regiment be sent to Quebec by the overland 
route. This was subsequently countermanded and the 104th, a 
provincial regiment which had been raised as the King's New 
Brunswick Regiment, mentioned in the first chapter, was selected 
for the duty which was nobly performed. These gallant fellows 
left St. John in the bitter cold of February, 18 13, the inhabi- 
tants assisting them with sleighs and all other conveniences at 
their command. Their history does not form a part of this 
narrative as their services were rendered in other than local 
defence, but their record has added an imperishable lustre to 
the province of New Brunswick. It will be remembered that 
in the previous September, the great army of invasion had re- 
tired from the burning City of the North to perish on the frost 
bound steppes under the terrible breath of a Russian winter. 

Early in 18 13 Sir John Sherbrooke despatched to St. John 
ten 24-pr. guns for the batteries on Partridge Island at 
the entrance to the harbor. He also forwarded necessary 
ammunition and other requisites besides one thousand stand 
of muskets, but the ship Diligence^ on which they were 
laden became separated from H. M. S. Rattler^ her convoy, in 
a snow storm while near Cape Sable. The Diligence afterwards 
went ashore on Beale's Island, about twenty miles below^ 
Machias. The Rattler had four hundred of the muskets on 
board and this was all of the cargo that arrived at its desti- 
nation. The poor Diligence with the remainder of the stores 



28 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

fell into the hands of the enemy. There was no means of re- 
placing this loss and misfortune followed misfortune. A short 
time afterwards the Lady Johnson, a transport vessel fell into 
the hands of the French while on her way to Halifax with forty 
pieces of battering cannon, two thousand barrels of gunpowder 
and other stores on board. 

With the exception of a list of officers in an almanac of 
1 812, not even the most meagre account of the artillery com- 
pany during these stirring times can b/C obtained, but it is cer- 
tain that no branch of the militia could have been exempt from 
the arduous duties which devolved upon the citizens at this 
period. The commerce of the provinces was exposed to the 
attacks of privateers, and the Royal Navy brought prize after 
prize into the colonial ports. There cannot, it would seem, be 
the slightest doubt but that the defence of his home was fore- 
most in the mind of every subject, and that this, though un- 
recorded, was really the most eventful period of our military 
history. 

Before the close of the period to which this chapter is de- 
voted, two more references to military affairs are to be found 
in the common council records. On the 9th March, 18 13, the 
freedom of the city was granted to Major Drummond, lately 
the commandant of the troops in garrison at Fort Howe. He 
was probably of the 8th regiment. 

H. Fleming Senhouse, commanding H. M. S. Martin and 
senior officer on this station solicited the influence of the coun- 
cil among the proprietors of sleds, etc., to assist on their way 
a number of sailors destined for the lakes of Canada. The 
board took the matter up heartily at a meeting on 27 th Janu- 
ary. 1 8 14, and employed the truckmen of the city to convey 
tiu' nien as far as Fredericton. For this service they received 



N. H. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 29 

the sum of ten shillings per man conveyed which was paid by 
the city. 

•July 13th, 1813, witnessed the bringing of three prizes into 
the harbor of St. John by H. M. schooner Breem, under com- 
mand of Lieutenant Charles Hare. This event and the 
wrecking of H. M. S. Plumper at Dipper Harbor are referred 
to in the late J. W. Lawrence's 'Foot Prints.' In July, 1815, 
Crookshank & Johnston, as auctioneers, offered for sale the 
wreck and unrecovered part of $70,000 in specie which had 
been destined for the Commissariat, but had by accident got 
into the locker of Davy Jones. 

News was brought to Halifax by the Empress, packet, which 
arrived there on Saturday, May 21st, 18 14, after a passage of 
twenty-nine days from Falmouth, that the allied armies had en- 
tered Paris and restored the empire of the Bourbons. At St. 
John the tidings of the abdication of Napoleon and the res- 
toration of the peace of Europe were hailed with delight. On 
the 23rd May an ox was roasted whole, in King square, 
and the city was illuminated. The eventful period in the his- 
tory of St. John with which this chapter deals, is graphically 
described in the recollections of James Bustin, who was born in 
the year 1800, and was a lad in the days which he recalls. The 
following extract is made from a copy of his reminiscences which 
he had prepared for his family, and for its reproduction here, as 
well as for much valuable assistance in the preparation of the en- 
tire work, the Battalion is deeply indebted to Clarence Ward, 
Esq., a gentleman whose gracefully written sketches of the early 
history of the city, are as accurate as they are delightful. Mr. 
Bustin says : ' The inmates of the almshouse, (then situated 
'where the Dufferin hotel now stands) had, in 1808 to take 
'other quarters for a short time there being an apprehension 



30 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

*of a French nvasion. All available places were taken for 
' barracks, a general draft was made throughout the province and 
'the city was filled with soldiers. -x- -x- * -h- -x- 

* In early years the troops garrisoned at Fort Howe marched 
'in military order each Sunday to church, there was no filing 
' off to other places of worship allowed without special permission. 

* From Fort Howe the sound of the morning and evening gun 
' was heard as notice of the opening and closing of each day 

'until the troops moved to barracks at Lower Cove in 1824. 
** + *** 

' War was declared by the United States against England in 
',1812, this caused much excitement in the city, the old folks 
' had not forgot the hard conflict they had passed through from 
'1776 to 1783 — business of all kinds was nearly suspended 
'but this lasted for but a short time. The bustle of prepar- 
'ation and the continual arrival of soldiers, and their passing 
'through on their way to Canada, added to this warships, 
' large and small, prize vessels sent in, etc., made things lively. 
'I am doubtful whether our city ever had so much life or 
'business (according to population) as she had during those 
'three years. Our defences were small, the Tower in Carleton 
'commenced building in 18 12 with one or two block-houses and 
'the remains of Fort LaTour of historic fame, with a few old 

* broken down French batteries was all the defence on the west 
'side. On this side the harbor there was not much Sabbath 
' for some time as all who were capable of handling an axe or 
' an auger were employed in fitting up gun carriages and other 
'preparations. Our defences were from the heights on Fort 
' Howe hill and out around the lower part of the city from 

* Battery point to Reed's point. The artillery were stationed 
'at the lower cove — the soldiers of the line stationed at Fort 
'Howe. Our militia had at times to stand their draft.' 



N. n. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 3 1 

The war with the United States was ended by the Treaty 
of Ghent on 24th December, 18 14, but the desperate battle of 
New Orleans had been fought before the people of Canada 
heard that peace had been proclaimed. It was not until the 
3rd of March of the next year that the news reached Hali- 
fax. It had been proclaimed at Washington on i8th February. 
The contest had been bloody and exhaustive. The provinces 
had borne their burden manfully and the long roll of battles re- 
flects even more credit upon the raw Canadian militia than upon 
the trained troops with whom they co-operated. It was a strug- 
gle marked by incompetency on both sides almost from begin- 
ning to end, but yet, when peace was signed, the Americans 
had not a foothold upon our soil. Annexation, the fad of a 
few demagogic politicians in the United States today, was a 
very dead thing then. Blood and treasure were expended in 
vain for. the accomplishment of that purpose, and wuth the con- 
clusion of the war of 181 2 the opportunity passed away forever. 
For every man that Canada had then she has ten men today ; 
for adhesion she has cohesion ; for weakness she has strength. 
Day by day and year by year her attachment to the British 
Crown has grown and strengthened until today she stands the 
foremost among the colonies of Britain. 



32 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER IV. 

1816-1837. 

Changes of Officers — Accession of George the Fourth — Arrival of Sir 
Howard Douglas — Becollections of John B. Marshall — Militia 
Records — Companies Outside <>f Saint John — Kew Companies 
Formed — Loyalist Jubilee. 



aFTER the cessation of the war but little in the way of 
history must be expected from our organization until 
the time of the regimental formation. There are of 
course the records of promotions, a few salutes fired in com- 
memoration of public events and the other trivial incidents 
which constitute the history even of a regiment of the line in a 
time of profound peace. The militia laws of this period did 
not require a great deal of service from the citizen soldiery. 
Generally one or two days drill by companies and one day's 
muster by battalions was considered sufficient, but little as it 
was this much was required until long after the formation of 
the regiment. To-day there, are few incidents in the routine 
of any corps that are thought to be history. Inspections and 
reviews, drills and salutes are mostly a matter of course, and 
the writer of the next century will probably think that we have 
done as little to deserve perpetuation as some of the present 
day may think our predecessors have done. Yet they, as well 
as their successors, did all that there was to be done, and 
though the record may appear somewhat barren, yet it is one 
of which any soldier may well be proud, that of duty per- 
i'.):mcd. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 33 

The second captain of the Artillery Company, Andrew 

Crookshank, died February 13, 181 5, at the age of 49 years. 

' The succession to the captaincy occasioned considerable 

correspondence between Major John Ward, (formerly second 

lieutenant in the company) then commanding the ist battalion 

of the St. John County regiment, and Lieutenant-Colonel 

Harris William Hailes, who was then administering the 

government of New Brunswick. Since 181 2 Sir Thomas 

Saumarez and General Smyth e had alternately presided over the 

council, no regular governor having been appointed. Major 

Ward's first letter is dated August 10, 18 16. In it he refers 

to Lieutenant-Colonel Wetmore having recommended Craven 

Calverly for the command of the Artillery company, but 

which that gentleman had refused, as it would interfere very 

much with his private business. 

'The company of Artillery,' he says, 'formerly the most 
'respectable in the regiment, is now without an officer, and I 
'am at a loss whom to recommend to your Honor. If it 
'should meet your approbation to remove Captain James 

< Potter from the Sea Fencibles to the Artillery company, the 
'Sea Fencibles would then have Captain James Reed with 
'them. They were allowed two captains on account of their 
' numbers. David Waterbury, who has made application for 

< leave to resign, is out of town. I think him 'a proper person 
'to hold a commission and would wish an opportunity to 
'speak to him on the subject before he is allowed to resign. 
' If your Honor thinks proper to appoint Mr. Caleb Ward 
'second lieutenant in the Artillery I think the company will 
'be well officered. In compliance with your Honor's recom- 
'mendation to me, I have issued an order for the captains of 
' companies to receive and take care of their respective com- 
' panies' arms during the time of peace, which I trust will be 
'the means of preventing any loss of arms in the future.' 

The commander-in-chief replied approving of the recommen- 
dations, and on the same day a militia general order was 



34 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

issued transferring Capt. James Potter from the Sea Fencibles 
to the Artillery company vice Calverly, whose appointment 
was cancelled ; promoting David Waterbury to be first lieu- 
tenant and appointing Caleb Ward, gentleman, to be second 
lieutenant. 

On the 20th September, 1816, Major Ward issued an order 
requesting Captains Humbert, McKee and Potter to take 
charge of their several companies agreeably to the general 
order partly quoted above. 

It is, however, doubtful whether Captain Potter assumed 
command of the company, as on i8th April, 182 1, Major 
Ward recommended the promotion of David Waterbury to 
the captaincy ^vice Crookshank deceased' It is not at all likely 
that this expression would have been used if Captain Potter 
had been the officer retiring. At the same time he recom- 
mended the promotion of Caleb Ward to first lieutenant and 
the appointment of John C. Waterbury as second lieutenant. 
George Shore^ then adjutant-general, replied on May ist, 
making the appointments as desired. The militia general 
orders of loth August, 1821, of interest to the artillery, were 
as follows : 

' Major Ward, commanding the St. John militia, having 
'expressed a wish to retire with his rank, the corps is to be 
'divided into two battalions, the first under Charles Drury, 
'Esq., the second under command of Charles Simonds, Esq., 
'which gentlemen the commander-in-chief is pleased to appoint 
'majors commandant of the same. The companies at present 
'enrolled within the Umits of the city, including the Artil- 
'lery. Sea Fencibles and African companies are to form the 
' first battalion, the remaining companies are to form the second. 
'The commandants will recommend officers to complete their 
' corps agreeably to the proportion provided in the militia Act, 
'as also their staff, paying every possible attention to the 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 35 

'priority of claims for rank amongst the officers at present 
'belonging to their respective battalions.' 

George III, having died in 1820, the Prince Regent as- 
cended the throne as George IV. The "Courier" of 6th 
May, 1820, thus describes the proclamation of the new 
monarch : 

'Yesterday the ceremony of proclaiming King George the 
'Fourth took place in this town, and we are warranted in 
'saying, that in no part of the provinces has it been conducted 
'with more zeal, order or propriety. At half past ten o'clock 
'the militia artillery company commenced firing minute guns 
'which were continued until half past eleven. The colors were 
'hoisted half mast high both ashore and on vessels in the harbour. 
'The church bells commenced tolling at the same time. The 
'procession moved from the Grammar school at half past 
'eleven, and proceeded to the Court house in slow march with 
'solemn music. It consisted of the sheriff, coroner, clergy, 
'magistrates, inhabitants, garrison and militia artillery. After 
'the proclamation was read at the Court house and signed by 
'the magistrates and other principal persons, James Barber, 
' Esquire, who was appointed herald, read it to the people, the 
'whole of them being uncovered. They were the most num- 
' erous and respectable body we have ever seen collected together 
'in this county. When the proclamation was concluded, three 
' hearty cheers were given, the troops presented arms, and the 
'band struck up "God Save the King," the people still re- 
' maining uncovered. At this time the colours were hoisted to 
'the mast-head and the church bell rang. A royal salute of 
' twenty-one guns was fired and the cheering was repeated. The 
' procession then marched from the court house (the sheriff 
'and herald being on horseback) and proceeded to the church 
' and other parts of the town, when the proclamation was read 
'and the acclamations continued.' 

The sheriff was James White; the mayor of the city, John 
Robinson, and the coroner, James C. F. Bremner. The court 
house was then on Market square, and the only church bell 
was that in old Trinity. 



^6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The coronation of the new sovereign which took place the 
following year was celebrated at St. John on 24th October, 182 1. 
A ball was held in the Madras School-room, King square, which 
was attended by more than two hundred guests. The follow- 
ing day was the anniversary of the landing of the Loyalists' 
fall fleet. Tables were set on the King square and three oxen 
roasted whole to the great delight of the populace. In the 
evening there was a banquet, at which Colonel Charles Drury 
presided, and Governor SMythe was present. A salute was 
fired by the artillery. 

David Waterbury, the third captain, was born in Stamford, 
Conn., in 1758. He came to St. John with the Loyalists in 
1783, and died 28th November, 1833. He lived on Dock 
street and kept a cooper shop on Nelson street. His tomb- 
stone in the Old Burying Ground has the simple record of his 
birth-place and death. He was often elected a vestryman of 
Trinity church, and for many years was chief of the Volunteer 
Fire Company. He was also a prominent Free Mason, being 
the second W. M. of St. John's Lodge, and the first of the 
Union Lodge of Portland. The engraving of Capt. Water- 
bury is from an old daguerrotype given to the author by the 
late J. W. Lawrence, Esq. 

James Potter, the predecessor of Captain Waterbury 
died on Monday, 26th June, 1826, after a few hours illness. 
He was a retired ship-master and resided for many years on 
the east side of Prince William street. 

Changes in command were frequent in those days. On 
September 3, 1822, John C. Waterbury was promoted to the 
captaincy, and Thomas T. Hanford and George Waterbury 
were appointed first and second lieutenants respectively. The 
iip.pcrfect records of this period are assisted by an advertise- 




Cai'Taix David Waterbury. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 37 

ment of the ist Battalion St. John Militia regimental orders, 
under the date 19 July, 1823, which appears in the St. John 
"Courier." These orders refer to the four officers of the 
Artillery company who have just been mentioned, and also 
show that at that time there was a Grenadier company, of 
which Benjamin L. Peters; father of the late Judge, was 
captain ; Alexander Edmond, uncle of the venerable John 
WiSHART, who died in 1893, John R. Partelow, chamber- 
lain and Mayor of St. John, and James H. Fowler were 
lieutenants. There were, besides these, six companies of the 
battalion, a company of light infantry, a rifle company and the 
African Staff company. The battalion was ordered to parade 
for drill on Friday the 5th and Saturday, 6th September, pre- 
paratory to its inspection ordered for the 8th of that month. 
The commanding officer requested that the men of all com- 
panies should appear in white trowsers, and the officers were 
also required to conform to this regulation. 

The 74th Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Mein commanding, 
was stationed in the city at this time. It left for Halifax in 
July or August, and an address was presented by the City 
corporation to the commanding and other officers. 

The legislature was opened on 21st January, 1824, by the 
President of Council, the Hon. Ward Chipman, who was 
administering the government, pending the arrival of Sir 
Howard Douglas. The President in his speech referred to 
the returns of the inspecting field officers of the militia which 
would be laid before the house, and from which additional 
proof would be derived of the expediency of a continued 
provision for the service. Shortly afterward His Honor died, 
his funeral taking place on February i6th. Preceding the 
hearse were the troops in garrison at Fredericton, and field 



^8 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 

pieces manned by the Royal Artillery and Captain Minchin^s 
company of militia Artillery, the whole being under the com- 
mand of Major McNair of the 52nd Regiment, and forming 
the guard of honor and firing party. 

April 23rd of that year was the anniversary of the tutelar • 
Saint of England and of the birth of king George IV. In 
honor of His Majesty royal salutes were fired by the Royal 
Artillery at Fort Howe, and the militia artillery in Queen square. 
The firing of the latter was accompanied by a feu de joie from 
the 52nd Regiment and the Uniform companies of the ist and 
3rd battalions of the St. John Militia, under the command of 
Sir John M. Tilden. It was said they had a very fine effect. 

On Tuesday, 24th August, Sir Howard Douglas, the new 
governor, arrived at St. John in H. M. S. Satnarang. At one 
o'clock the next afternoon he landed and proceeded through 
an avenue formed from the wharf to the Exchange Coffee House 
by two single ranks of soldiers, composed of a company of the 
52nd Regiment, under Major McNair, and the Uniform com- 
panies of the I St and 3rd battalions of the local militia under 
Major Drury. When His Excellency left the ship the fact 
was announced by a salute from the Samarang^ responded to 
from Fort Howe. On his landing the militia artillery fired a 
salute and the governor was cordially welcomed by Hon. John 
Murray Bliss, who had administered the government since 
the death of Judge Chipman. His Excellency was attended 
by the members of the executive council, the mayor, common 
council and magistrates of the city, and the heads of depart- 
ments. The next day the corporation gave a dinner to Sir 
Howard and tendered an address to him. The population of 
St. John at this time was about eight thousand five hundred 
people. On 18th September Sir Howard reviewed about 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 39 

fifteen hundred men of the ist, 2nd and 3rd battaHons of miUtia 
under Major Drury. In a general order pubUshed a few days 
afterwards His Excellency spoke of the great satisfaction which 
he had had in the review. He was ' very much pleased with 
' the Artillery company under Capt. Waterbury, who performed 
' their firing and movements with celerity and precision and 
* proved themselves deserving of all the encouragement which 
'could be shown to them.' His Excellency held a levee in 
the city on 27th, in the Masonic hall, at which militia officers 
appeared in uniform. 

By a general order of 29th March, 1825, the 2nd battalion 
was excepted from an order of the 24th October, 1824, which 
had constituted all the battalions in St. John city and county 
one Regiment, of which the governor was colonel and Major 
Drury lieutenant-colonel. The 2nd battalion now became the 
Regiment of St John County Militia, and Major Charles 
SiMONDS was appointed its colonel commandant. The annual 
inspection took place on 8th October, and was followed by a 
dinner, but the newspapers of the time do not give any details 
of the event. Colonel Love was the field officer inspecting. 

Captain John C. Waterbury retired on 4th July, 1826, 
retaining his rank. He was afterwards County Treasurer, and 
died in the Parish of Portland on the 9th February, 1837, 
at the age of 47 years. Thomas Barlow, who ^had been 
appointed first lieutenant on September 8th, 182 1, succeeded, 
on 9th January, 1827, to the command of the company, which 
he retained for upwards of eleven years. 

The St. John " Courier," printed by Henry Chubb & Co., 
contains brief paragraphs referring to dinners following the 
annual musters of 1826 and 1827, but no particulars are 
given. It is of the time of Captain Barlow that the earliest 



40 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

recollection can now be obtained from the lips of the living. 
John R. Marshall, who, from 1862 to 1890, was chief of 
police of the City of St. John, joined Barlow's company in 
1830. He drilled with them for many years in an old fire 
engine house on Dock street. The company had two 3-pr. 
guns, which were kept in the battery at Lower Cove. Chief 
Marshall remembers, ^s sergeants, James G. Melick and 
Lewis Durant, afterwards officers of the company. In 1838 
he assisted in firing a salute of 100 guns on- the King Square 
in honor of the Queen's coronation. He ran through the 
steps of lance corporal, corporal and sergeant, to a second 
lieutenancy, which he obtained in 1848. His further pro- 
motions will be seen to have been of great importance to the 
present battahon in the way of establishing the continuity of 
its history with that of the old Colville company. 

From the year 1830 the first militia records, regularly kept 
as such, are available. In all matters previous to this old 
newspapers, almanacs and correspondence are the only sources 
of information. Through the kindness of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Maunsell, I). A. G., the records of his office from the date 
mentioned have been placed at the disposal of the writer, and 
have rendered possible a task which, even with this assistance, 
has been by no means an easy one. The tabular appendix 
to this book, showing the officers of the Artillery in all parts 
of the Province, is as complete and accurate as it is possible 
to make it, but the sources from which the information has 
been derived and the impossibility in a great many cases of 
testing the accuracy of a statement by comparison with official, 
or indeed any other records, render it impossible to claim that 
it is more than approximately correct. Considerable informa- 
tion has been obtained regarding the organization at St. John, 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 4I 

but in the other parts of the Province it is absolutely impos- 
sible to do more than state the facts collected and the authority 
for them, leaving the reader to supplement them by con- 
jecture. 

In Charlotte County, as early as 1822, there appears to have 
been some artillery in connection with the infantry battalions. 
Attached to the ist Battalion at St. Andrews there was a 
Lieutenant William Whitlock, whose commission is dated 
27 May, 1822. Lieutenants Wm. Gray and John Messinett, 
date from loth and nth March, 1828, respectively, and on 
19th May of the same year Captain James Muir appears. He 
was succeeded 4th February, 1829, by William Whitlock, 
and at this time Thomas Berry appears as lieutenant. This 
company became a part of the regiment in 1838. 

Some of the old almanacs shew a company attached to the 
2nd battalion of Charlotte county. By reference to the names 
in the appendix it will be seen that, with the exception of 
Capt. John Mowatt, 2nd July, 1829, they and the dates of 
commissions are the same as those of the ist battalion. It is 
probable that lieutenants Gray and Messinett were transferred 
to the company with the 2nd battalion when Capt. Whitlock 
took command of the one in connection with the ist battalion. 
This company did not become a part of the regiment until 5th 
December, 1840. 

There was still another company of artillery in Charlotte 
county with headquarters at St. Stephen. It was connected 
with the ist battalion but on the 4th battalion being organized 
in 1835 it was transferred to the latter. The first captain on 
the list is T. or J Armstrong who was succeeded by William 
T. Rose. While under Capt. Rose the company came into 
the regiment. Though there could have been no battery for 



42 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

many years, yet Capt. Rose retired as major on 13th June,. 
1866, and Lieutenant Clewly was promoted to the captaincy 
vice Rose. The names of the officers are elsewhere stated. 

Westmoreland county also appears to have had some men 
who could handle the rattling gun. When on August 3rd, 1825, 
Sir Howard Douglas visited Sackville the Artillery company, 
under command of Capt. Harris, attached to the 2nd battalion, 
fired a salute of fifteen guns. In this county the artillery were 
attached to the 2nd and 3rd battalions, a departure from the 
usual course. The names of Westmoreland artillery officers, 
so far as known, are given in the appendix. 

In 1825, on nth July, when Sir Howard Douglas visited 
Miramichi a salute of seventeen guns was fired, and later in 
the year troops were called out because of the great fire. It 
does not appear, however, that they were militia artillery. 

York county, which prior to 31st March, 1831, included 
Carleton county, furnished considerable strength to the artillery 
of those times — but from inaccuracy in detail of available records 
it is difficult to determine the precise commands held by the 
officers named in connection with it. In 1824 Major George 
MiNCHiN appears, his commission bearing date the 25th May 
of that year. In 1826 Richard Dibblee, then a merchant of 
Fredericton, was lieutenant. He subsequently removed to Wood- 
stock and became a company officer there. On loth Septem- 
ber, 1827, Sergeant-major James Holbrook was promoted to 
a lieutenantcy, and by orders of 20th March, 1832, he was 
appointed to the captaincy of a new company, probably in- 
fantry. Abraham K. Smedes Wetmore, a prominent lawyer, 
-was on 22nd November, 1828, gazetted as lieutenant. He, too, 
afterwards removed to Woodstock, and succeeded on 17 th 
September, 1833, to what was called the second captaincy. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 43 

which appears really to have been the captaincy of a second 
company. His predecessor was George P. Bliss, who, on loth 
September, 1827, had been appointed and now received a 
majority. There is also a reference in militia records to Capt. 
Thomas Jones, artillery, 3rd York battalion. He was appointed 
on 3rd July, 1829, but of him there is no further trace. 

John Saunders Shore was gazetted lieutenant on 25th 
August, 1834, and Donald McLeod on 2nd September in the 
same year. The former succeeded to a captaincy on the death 
of Major. Bliss, i8th June, 1836, and George M. Odell was 
appointed lieutenant on the same day. These officers came 
into the regimental formation in 1838. 

In 1833 another St. John company was formed under Cap- 
tain Thomas L. Nicholson, with John Pollok, Charters 
Simonds and William Ross as lieutenants. This was the 
Portland company. Nicholson was an auctioneer and com- 
mission merchant on the North wharf; Pollok was in Robert 
Rankin & Co., an old time firm of great repute ; Simonds 
was in that employ and Ross was a steamboat engineer. 
Robert Reed, Esq., who died a few years ago, was afterwards, 
an officer in this company, and as a private wa* largely instru- 
mental in its organization. He was then a clerk with James 
Whitney, the pioneer steamboat owner of St. John. Shortly 
before his death he mentioned James Anderson and John 
Hopkins, of St. John, as the only survivors of the original 
company. In the same year Sergeant Robert Robertson and 
Charles J. Melick were appointed second lieutenants in the 
CoLViLLE company. 

St. John has always boasted of a ' Kid Glove ' battery. One 
was formed in 1834 by the appointment on 26th April of 
William Parker Ranney as captain, William Hughson as 



44 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

lieutenant, and Newton Ward Wallop, Frederick A. Wig- 
gins and Stephen Kent Foster as second lieutenants. This 
was a city battery. 

The city artillery fired a salute from King Square on i8th 
May, 1833, being the Jubilee of the landing of the Loyalists. 
The event was celebrated by a corporation dinner given in the 
Masonic Hall at the head of King street. 

An incident belonging to this period may here be told as 
its precise date can not be ascertained. George F. Thompson 
who, in 1859, was appointed to the Ranney battery, was a 
son of Michael Thompson, a petty officer in the Royal Navy 
who afterwards held a position in H. M. Customs. He was 
born in 181 7 and joined the battery about 1835. Shortly be- 
fore he was enrolled he was one day watching a sham fight in 
which Barlow's and Nicholson's batteries participated on op- 
posite sides. Nicholson was entrenched on the northward of 
Fort Howe holding the hill while Barlow was attacking the 
position from the southward. The ammunition of the attack- 
ing party having run short, Capt. Barlow came up to the 
enemy's lines and asked Nicholson for a supply ' to keep the 
fun going.' 'March these prisoners to the rear!' was the mili- 
tary response, and the valiant commander, foaming with rage, 
was obliged to submit to the carrying out of the order. He 
was soon released, however, and with the desired ammunition 
and a grudge to pay, renewed the attack. 

In the last year with which this chapter deals, the cry ' The 
King is dead, long live the Queen !' was heard throughout the 
British dominions, and ever since the wish of length of days 
and happiness to her has echoed throughout the empire. 




lyiEUT. -Colonel Hayne. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 45 



CHAPTER V. 

1838. 

Formation of the New Brunswick Begiment of Artillery — Begimental 
Officers — Companies which formed the Begiment — Sketches of their 
Officers — Celebration of the Queen's Coronation. 



V'I'NDER the system prevailing at the time, the companies of 
\§\ artillery mentioned in the previous chapter were not avail- 
able for concerted action. There is no doubt but that they 
must have been very meagrely supplied with outfits, for in those 
days the burden of clothing himself in some sort of military 
garb was thrown entirely upon the volunteer. The few guns 
which could be spared to the outlying districts were, however, 
probably far less obsolete than are those at present supplied 
to the militia artillery. But the great deficiency of the time 
was method. The companies being attached to infantry bat- 
talions, and there being no system of inspection at all similar 
to that of the present time, it was well nigh impossible that 
uniformity of drill could be maintained. Nor was this the 
worst feature of the administration. If the services of the 
militia should at any time have been required the artillery 
could not have been commanded advantageously by the infan- 
try colonels, nor had they any officers of their own arm who 
had active experience of the duties of any rank above that of 
captain. Had they been put in the field there was no officer 
qualified for the work of looking after the issue of those sup- 
plies which are specially required for artillery. But happily 
for this important branch of the service, both the hour and 



46 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the man had arrived for a change which resulted in the uniting 
of all the scattered companies into one body, and in giving to 
New Brunswick a regiment which for upwards of fifty years 
has maintained an existence, sometimes precarious indeed, but 
always continuous. The step which was then taken was 
probably accelerated by the events of 1837, which are familiar 
to all students of Canadian history. While the battle of re- 
sponsible government was being fought in this province, on 
the floors of the assembly, hundreds of excited and reckless 
men were gathering around the standard of rebellion raised in 
Upper and Lower Canada by McKenzie and Papineau. The 
militia forces of the Upper Provinces proved quite adequate 
to avert the danger, but troops of the line were hurried for- 
ward to the scene of civil war. Those stationed in New 
Brunswick were ordered to the front, and during their absence 
the mihtia were called on to garrison the posts at Fredericton 
and St. John. In November, 1837, the nth, 43rd and 83rd 
Regiments of the line were sent forward on sleds, and the 
militia called out for garrison duty were not relieved until the 
general order of 27th January, 1838, which mentions the 
I St Battalion, York Co., and the St. John City mihtia as having 
taken part in this service. 

On 28th February, 1838, the following general order was 
issued constituting the regiment : 

"His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and Commander- 
" in-chief, considering it important to render the militia artillery 
"of the Province efficient and available with as little delay as 
"possible, has been pleased to appoint Captain Richard 
" Hayne, on the half pay of the Royal Staff Corps and for- 
" merly of the Royal Artillery, to be Lieutenant Colonel com- 
"mandant of the said militia artillery. His Excellency has 
"been further pleased to direct that this arm of the service 
"be increased to ten companies and formed into a regiment. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 47 

entitled 'The New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery,' the 
distribution of which to be as follows, viz. : 



At Fredericton, 

At St. John, 

At St. Andrews, 

At St. Stephen, 

County of Westmoreland, 

County of Northumberland, 


2 

2 


Companies. 
Company. 


County of Kent (Richibucto), 
County of Carleton, (Woodstock), 






Total, 


lO 


companies. 



" Each company to consist of one captain, one first and one 
" second lieutenant, four non-commissioned officers and thirty- 
" two privates. The officers belonging to the companies already 
"formed will consider themselves respectively attached to the 
"same until further orders. The uniform of the corps to be 
"blue and red facings, and similar to that now worn by the 
" Royal Artillery, the button to be struck with three guns, 
" surmounted by a crown and encircled by the words, ' New 
" Brunswick Regiment of Artillery.' " 

By an order of 8th May, 1838, Major George F. Street 
(unattached) was appointed major ; Edward Pick, gentleman, 
to be adjutant, and J. W. Boyd, Esq., to be paymaster. On 
25th June of the same year Dr. J. Toldervy, surgeon of the 
3rd Battalion of York County was transferred to the regiment 
as surgeon. There was no quartermaster until 30th March, 
1 84 1, when E. B. Peters was appointed to that position. 

The following w^ere the officers of the companies which in 
1838 constituted the regiment: 

At Fredericton : 

Captain:, - - John S. Shore. 
Lieutenants, - - Donald McLeod, 
George M. Odell. 



48 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Captain Thomas Barlow of the Colville company was 
permitted to retire with rank by the general order which 
established the regiment. 

At St. John : 

1st (Colville) Company. 

Lieutenant Comd'g, George Waterbury. 
Second Lieutenants, Robert Robertson, 
Charles J. Melick. 



Captain, 
Lieutenants. 



At ^t. Andrews: 

Captain, 
Lieutenant, 

At St. Stephen: 



2nd Company. 

William Parker Ranney. 
- William Hughson, 
Newton Ward Wallop, 
Stephen Kent Foster, 
Frederick A. Wiggins. 

1st Company, 

William Whitlock. 
Thomas Berry. 



Captain, 
Lieutenant, 
Second Lieutenants, 

At Woodstock : 

Captain, 
Lieutenant, 



1st Company. 

William T. Rose. 
- J. Campbell. 
J. Maxwell, 
W. Andrews. 



A. K. Smedes 

R. DiBBLEE. 



Wetmore. 



No companies from Westmoreland, Northumberland or Kent 
were enrolled or became part of the regiment. 

Soon after the formation of the regiment a second company 

was raised at Fredericton with the following officers and was 

accepted by general order of 8th May, 1838 : — 

Captain, - - George F. Berton. 
Lieutenant, - - James F. Berton. 
Second Lieutenant, Edward B. Peters. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 49 

and on 25th June of the same year Captain Nicholson's com- 
pany at St. John was also included : — 

Captain^ - - Thomas L. Nicholson. 
LieuienantSy - - John Pollock, 

Charters Simonds, 

William Ross. 

During the year John C. Allen was appointed second 
lieutenant in Captain Shore's company, and lieutenant George 
Waterbury of the Colville company retired with his rank. 
On 1 2th November the volunteers were again called out for 
duty, the regulars having been sent forward on the second out- 
break of the Papineau rebellion. This service lasted for a week 
but it is not known what portion of the militia was employed. 

A brief sketch of some of the first officers of the regiment 
will be appropriate at this stage. Others will be dealt with on 
the occasion of their promotion when a fuller record can be 
given. Of some, nothmg can be said, for though the names 
have a familiar sound yet their histories have apparently perished. 

Captain Hayne, R. A., the first lieutenant-colonel of the regi- 
ment, was born in Devonshire, England, in 1804, and was 
educated at the Royal Academy, Woolwich. In 1820, as second 
lieutenant, R. A., he went with Sir Hudson Lowe to St. Helena, 
where Napoleon was at that time confined, and remained there 
until the ex-emperor's death. In 1831 he came to Canada 
with Colonel By, having been appointed to the Royal Staff corps, 
and was there employed on the Rideau canal and other en- 
gineering works. He went to England in 1836 and came to 
New Brunswick in the following year as commissioner to the 
New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Land company. He returned 
to England in 1870, and died at Dittesham, Devonshire, in 1874. 

A daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne became the 



50 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

wife of the late Ward Chipman Drury, the late well known 
registrar of deeds for the city and county of St. John. His 
son, Major C. W. Drury, of the Regiment of Canadian Artil- 
lery, served for some time in the present corps before receiving 
his permanent appointment. 

George F. Street, the first major, was a prominent figure 
in the politics of New Brunswick at this time. As a member 
of the ' Family Compact ' he was strenuously opposed to Re- 
sponsible Government, and in 1837, while a member of the 
Executive Council, was entrusted by his colleagues with a 
secret mission to the Colonial office, having for its object the 
frustration of the schemes of the Reform Party. In this, 
most fortunately for the future good government of the pro- 
vince, he was unsuccessful. He was a son of Samuel Denny 
Street, who in 1781 was on service at Fort Howe, and 
afterwards settled in Sunbury County. Major Street was one 
of the principals in a celebrated duel fought on October 2nd, 
182 1. On leaving court at Fredericton an altercation occurred 
between him and George Ludlow Wetmore, father of the 
late Mr. Justice Wetmore. A challenge followed, and the 
parties, accompanied by Lieutenant R. Davis of the 74th 
Regiment and John H. Winslow, met at Maryland Hill. 
The result was fatal to Mr Wetmore, and the surviving prin- 
cipal with the seconds fled from justice. They afterwards 
surrendered themselves and were tried on the 22 nd February 
following before Judge Saunders, when they were acquitted 
for want of sufficient proof of identity. 

John Saunders Shore was a son of George Shore, the 
adjutant-general. He afterwards went into the 24th Regiment, 
and on 13th January, 1849, was killed at Chillian walla, a town 
of British India in the Punjab situated on the left bank of the 



N. v.. GARRISON ARTir,LERV. 5 1 

river Jhelum, in a conflict between the British forces com- 
manded by Lord Gough and an army of Sikhs under Shere 
Singh. An obelisk was erected at the place bearing the names 
of the officers and men who fell in the action. 

Of the St. John officers George Waterbury was a merchant 
on Nelson Street; Robert Robertson was a sailmaker, and 
Charles J. Melick a tanner. The sword of lieutenant, after- 
wards Major Melick, was in the possession of the late Robert 
Reed, Esq. 

William Parker Ranney was of the firm of Ranney & 
Sturdee, wholesale wine merchants ; William Hughson was a 
merchant, and Fred A. Wiggins was a son of the benevolent 
founder of the Wiggins' Orphan Institution of St. John. The 
life of Stephen Kent Foster was so largely identified with 
the corps that it must be dealt wnth elsewhere. Newton 
Ward Wallop was a grandson of the veteran Major John 
Ward and son of Barton Wallop, a naval officer, grandson 
of the second Earl of Portsmouth. Newton Wallop and 
his brother Barton had a thrilling experience in their boy- 
hood to which an allusion was previously made. They acci- 
dentally caused the death of Daniel DeVoe, one of the 
signers of the first muster roll of the Artillery company. 
DeVoe had been in a company which served on the Royalist 
side in the American Revolution, and was commanded by 
John Ward, the grandfather of the boys. On the 13th June, 
1 8 18, DeVoe, then an old man, was going to his home on 
King street, and in doing so had to pass the residence of 
Charles Ward where the lads were playing. They had dis- 
covered their uncle's horse pistols which he had left upon a 
table on returning from militia training. Not knowing that they 
were loaded they pointed them at each other and snapped the 



52 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

flints without effect. Barton, seeing the old man coming up 
the street, aimed at him and pulled the trigger, when the 
pistol went off and DeVoe fell dead. The lads were taken 
into custody and an inquest was held, which exonerated them. 

Captain Nicholson of the company which was long after- 
wards known by his name, was, to use the words of Mr. 
Robert Reed, *a sterling man.' His daughter is Lady 
Ritchie, widow of the late Sir William J. Ritchie, who was 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. Lieutenant 
John C. Allen, who afterwards became adjutant of the regi- 
ment, is now Sir John C. Allen, the honored Chief Justice of 
New Brunswick. He was born October i, 1817, of Loyalist 
descent, his grandfather having been Isaac Allen of Trenton, 
New Jersey, who was a judge of the Supreme Court of New 
Brunswick from its erection until his death in 1806. Sir 
John's life has been an active one. He was admitted to the 
bar of his native province in 1838, and rose rapidly, filling 
the offices of solicitor and attorney general, and eventually ob- 
taining a seat on the bench in 1865. Ten years later, on the 
promotion of Sir William J. Ritchie to the Chief Justice- 
ship of Canada, he became Chief Justice of New Brunswick, 
and in 1889 was knighted. At the time of the Papineau 
rebellion he was a bombardier and did garrison duty with his 
company. 

The annual dinner of St. George's Society at St. John in 
1838, held on the day of the patron Saint, was an event of 
unusual importance, as it was the first since the accession of 
Her Majesty to the throne. On the president rising to pro- 
pose the Sovereign's health a royal salute was fired by Captain 
Ranney's company from the King square. It was received 
with enthusiastic applause by the guests at the banquet which 







Sir John C, Allen. 
(Chief Justice of New Brunswick.) 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 53 

was given in the St. John Hotel, then on the corner of King 
and Charlotte streets. 

A contemporary account of the celebration of the Queen's 
coronation, 28 June, 1838, says that 'a volunteer company of 
artillery under the command of Lieutenants Foster and Wiggins 
paraded the streets with their field pieces, preceded by a 
band, and at nine o'clock went through their exercises 
on King square. At eleven o'clock the nth Regiment, then 
in garrison at St. John, under command of Colonel Goldie, 
and the Royal Artillery, under command of Captain Arm- 
strong, turned out in parade upon the Barrack Square, where, 
at the cordial invitation of Colonel Goldie, they were joined 
by the militia companies. At noon a royal salute was fired, 
and a feu de joie given in fine style ; and then the soldiers 
went through various evolutions admirably, while the regiment's 
excellent band played delightfully. There was a corporation 
dinner at six o'clock in the City Hall and a ball and supper 
at night in the St. John Hotel, which was well attended. On 
the Carleton side of the river royal salutes were fired in 
good style during the day.' 



54 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER VI. 
1839. 

The Aroostook War— Militia Called Out— The Nova Scotia Legislature 
and the City of St. John vote Assistance— A Peaceful Solution — 
Recollections of George F. Thompson— Story of a Sham Fight. 



tJy^ have now arrived at a period in the history of this 
XXj province when the maintenance of the rights of its 
inhabitants endangered the peace of the empire. Since 
the war of 181 2 a gradual change had taken place in the re- 
lations between New Brunswick and the neighboring State of 
Maine. At that time the influence of the New England States 
had been exerted against a rupture with Great Britain because 
of the kindly feelings which prevailed between the colonies and 
those states, but during the quarter of a century which followed 
that effusive protestation of friendship the aspect of affairs had 
materially changed. Our warmest neighbors had become our 
bitterest foes, while in Washington, where the Capitol had 
been burned by British soldiers, a more moderate and pacific 
tone prevailed. The cause of the rupture was one of the 
commonest in country districts — it was the old trouble about 
a line fence. In this case it was not, of course, the division 
line between farms, but states. For many years the State of 
Maine had claimed that their boundary lay further eastward 
than that admitted by the British government. The treaty of 
Paris, made in 1783, had divided the territories by a Une drawn 
from the source of the St. Croix river to the " highlands dividing 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 55 

the waters falling into the Atlantic from those emptying them- 
selves into the St. Lawrence." In 1798 a decision had been 
given favorable to the contention of Great Britain — that the 
Schoodiac river was the St. Croix of the treaty, but the situa- 
tion of the highlands remained undetermined. Upon the 
settlement of this question depended the ownership of a large 
tract of valuable timber land. For many years the mat- 
ter was debated in the Maine legislature, and session after 
session the feeling ran high. In 1831 the King of the 
Netherlands had, as arbitrator, given a decision, but the 
United States refused to be bound by the aw^ard. When the 
Papineau insurrection broke out^ that rebel had the sympathy 
and support of many on the American side of the line, and 
nothing was asked but the most trivial pretext to warrant the 
people of Maine commencing hostilities. A community does 
not usually have long to wait for such a chance, and the * Dis- 
puted Boundary' question, as it was called, was precipitated 
into the 'Aroostook war ' by a small event. In January, 1839, 
about 150 men from Maine made a raid into the debatable 
country and seized some timber which had been cut by New 
Brunswick lumbermen. Instantly both countries were ablaze 
with a desire for war. McIntyre, the Maine land agent, 
and two men who were with him were seized and carried to 
the gaol at Fredericton. Governor Fairfield, of Maine, ordered 
the State militia to march forward. Major-General Sir John 
Harvey, governor of New Brunswick, issued a proclamation 
asserting the rights of Great Britain to occupy and preserve 
order in the territory until the dispute should be settled by 
some international arbitration. In moderate but earnest language 
he requested Governor Fairfield to withdraw his troops. This 
gentleman who seems to have been anxious to have a war a 



56 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

any cost answered Governor Harvey's demand by calling for 
more troops to the number of ten thousand men. Sir John 
acted promptly. He despatched ninety men of the 36th regi- 
ment then at Fredericton, under Colonel Maxwell, to Wood- 
stock. On 13th February a draft was ordered from the ist 
and 2nd battalions of the.Carleton county mihtia. A request 
for troops was sent to Sir John Colborne, the commander in 
Upper Canada. The militia of St. John volunteered ; the first 
to come forward being fifty men of the Highland company 
under Captain, afterwards the Hon. John Robertson. A draft 
was made on the militia in that city, one company of seventy- 
five men being taken from the ist battalion and another of 
equal strength from the rifle battalion. These men did garrison 
duty during the absence of the regulars from the city. The 
regiment of Artillery volunteered its services which were ac- 
cepted by the following order : — 

Headquarters, Fredericton, 

19th March, 1839. 
Militia General Order : — 

His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and Commander- 
in chief, having accepted the voluntary offer of service of the 
New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery, has been pleased to 
order into actual service one officer, two non-commissioned 
officers and nine gunners per company (together with the ad- 
jutant) at each of the following stations, viz. : Fredericton, 
Woodstock, Saint John and Saint Andrews. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne will be pleased to take immedi- 
ate steps for carrying this arrangement into effect. 

By command, 

(Signed) George Shore, 

Adjutant. 



N. C. O's. 


Men, 


3 


i6 


8 


24 


6 


33 


2 


12 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 57 

Next day this order was rescinded and a much larger num- 
ber called cut, as follows : 

Officers. 
At Fredericton, i 

At Woodstock. 2 

At St. John, I 

At St. Andrews, i 

The adjutant at headquarters, i 

6 19 85 

On the 23rd March a detachment of the Artillery consisting 
of one officer, five non-commissioned officers and sixteen gun- 
ners with two light 3-pr. militia guns and sufficient ammunition 
were ordered to proceed to Woodstock on the following Mon- 
day. This detachment was placed under the command of 
Major Stow, R. A. 

In this time of danger the people of New Brunswick had 
the hearty support of the legislature of Nova Scotia, which 
voted ^100,000 for assistance if needed. The assembly 
chamber resounded with cheers when this vote was given, 
which were re-echoed in the parliament buildings at Frederic- 
ton when the news of the generous act was received there. 
New Brunswick placed all her revenues at the disposal of the 
governor. The City of St. John voted ;£"i,ooo for the main- 
tenance of. the families of the volunteers while the militia were 
at their posts. Sir John Colborne responded promptly sending 
the nth Regiment under Colonel Goldie. The troops were 
drawn up on the frontier awaiting the signal for combat. But 
Sir John Harvey was a diplomat as well as a soldier, and 
despite the blusterings of the great Daniel Webster, the rep- 
resentations of the British minister at Washington swayed the 
policy of the administration toward peace. General Winfield 



58 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Scott, who had fought against Sir John Harvey at Lundy's 
Lane, was sent to the border to take command of the state 
troops. The two old opponents met, talked the matter over 
quiedy, and as a result Governor Fairfield was compelled to 
withdraw his troops. 

The following order was issued upon the settlement of the 
dispute and the consequent withdrawal of the American forces : 

Woodstock, March 27th, 1839. 
Militia General Order : — 

The governor of the State of Maine having issued his orders 
for the immediate withdrawal of the armed militia force from 
the disputed territory, Major-General Sir John Harvey is happy 
to permit their return to their homes of the militia and volun- 
teer force of this province, of whose services he had felt it 
proper to avail himself during the late border differences ; the 
arrangements for their disbandment will be promulgated in a 
militia general order. 

In making this communication the Major-General and Lieu- 
tenant-Governor desires to express to the whole of the provincial 
force now on duty the highest degree of satisfaction which he 
has derived from the reports which have been made to His 
Excellency of the general exemplary conduct, and particularly 
of the desire which has been very generally manifested by them 
to avail themselves of the opportunities which have been af- 
forded to them of gaining a knowledge of their military duties, 
under the instruction of officers and non-commissioned officers 
of Her Majesty's service — whose willing attention and unwearied 
patience in affording that instruction will, the Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor is persuaded, be gratefully recognized by the militia of that 
province. 

To Her Majesty's regular troops the Major-General tenders 
his sincere thanks for their general excellent conduct, and 
for the cheerfulness with which they have met the discom- 
forts and inconveniences inseparable from military movements 
in such a climate and in such a season of the year ; and 
the fact of their having continued in so perfectly healthy a 
state, the Major-General is justified in imparting wholly to 



N. 15. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 59 

their uniform steadiness, sobriety and good conduct, and to 
their unshaken determination to do their duty to their Queen 
and country. 

The zeal, judgment and ability evinced by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Maxwell claim the Major-General's warmest thanks which he 
likewise begs to offer to the officers commanding corps and 
detachments-— to the several officers in command of detached 
posts — to the staff and departmental officers, and to all who 
by their zealous exertions and excellent arrangements have con- 
tributed to the soldiers' comfort and efficiency, and subsequently 
to the promotion of the objects of the service for which the 
troops have been assembled. 

The Major-General cannot allow the force under Colonel 
GoLDiE to return to Canada without tendering to the Colonel 
and the officers and soldiers of the nth Regiment and Royal 
Artillery under his command, his cordial thanks for their zealous 
co-operation in a service which has subjected them to a long 
and arduous winter movement. 

By command, 
(Signed) Samuel Tryon, 

A. D. C. 

Thus by the prompt action and wise judgment of one man 
a war was averted which would have entailed much distress 
upon both countries, and whose results would, in all proba- 
bility, have affected the present generation. Mr. George F. 
Thompson, of Saint John, who had joined Barlow's company 
about 1834 or 1835, recalls the time when he was on duty on 
this occasion. The detachment from this company did three 
days garrison duty and was held ready for orders for a week 
afterwards. The three companies, Barlow's, Nicholson's and 
Ranney's were very strong, numbering at this time about four 
hundred men, all uniformed at their own expense. Mr. Robert 
Reed, another old artilleryman, also remembers that the three 
St. John companies agreed to do a fortnight's duty alternately. 
His, the Nicholson company, were marching down St. James 



6o HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Street, on their way to the barracks, when a messenger brought 
the word that ' the war was over.' They continued doing duty 
until the next day when they were discharged. 

At Fredericton both companies contributed to the service. 
Captain Berton, with twenty-five or thirty men, was sent for- 
ward to Woodstock, where he remained for about two months, 
while Captain Shore's company did garrison duty in the bar- 
racks at Fredericton. The Woodstock company was, of course, 
on duty. By an order of 30th March, 1839, all the volunteers 
were relieved from further duty, and this brief and bloodless 
campaign was closed. 

In closing the record of this year the following sketch of a 
sham fight, taken from the "Weekly Observer," a St. John 
newspaper of that period, may be considered appropriate and 
interesting. 

The following is the programme of the sham fight which 
took place on Tuesday last (r2th November): 

The troops were formed in column of companies in King's 
square. The enemy was represented by three divisions of the 
69th Regiment, three companies of militia and two companies 
of militia artillery — the whole under the immediate command 
of Captain O'Halloran, 69th Regiment. In continuation of 
the manoeuvres performed on the ist instant, it was supposed 
that the right of the enemy's rear guard was in position 
covering their retreat and passage over the river on pontoons 
at Indiantown. The position taken up with this object was 
as follows : The right resting upon the heights rising in rear 
of the road passing by the ship yard to the short ferry, and 
flanked by the river ; their centre on the continuation of the 
ridge extending across the high road to Indiantown, occupying 
the vicinity of the church on the left of it in force ; their left 
resting on the small fir wood and ravine flanked by the 
morass which extends from the rear of Fort Howe in that 
direction. The enemy having an outpost on the heights of 
Fort Howe, and also a detached picquet in advance of their 
centre to watch the bridge of Portland and the roads leading 



N. B. GARRISON x\RTILLERY. 6 1 

thence to the city, and also having videttes on the high 
ground above Portland to give information of any movement 
m their front ; a picquet was also sent a little in advance of 
the left to watch that part of the ravine which debouches on 
the morass. 

The attacking force, under the command of Major Brookes 
of the 69th Regiment, advanced in two columns, the right by 
the road in rear of the Attorney General's house, to the pass 
leading to Fort Howe After possessing itself of this, and 
leaving a division to attack the heights in front, it proceeded 
under cover of the broken ground and the wood to the 
left of the Kennebeccasis road, to gain a passage at the head 
of the morass. This having been effected, it continued to 
skirt the opposite side of the morass till it arrived where the 
Indiantown mill-stream empties itself, when it halted. The 
left column proceeded by Union street to the head of Port- 
land Bridge. When the skirmishers of the right column 
commenced their attack on the enemy's outposts on the 
heights, the l^ft passed the bridge, driving back the enemy's 
picquet, which, after exchanging a few shots with the skirmishers, 
retired. The column then proceeded up the main street of 
Portland until it arrived at the point where it is intersected by 
the road leading to the river and that leading up to Fort 
Howe, where it divided, one division of it being detached and 
posted on the lower road running parallel with the river, near 
the shipyards, the others remaining in rear of the buildings to 
the left of the high road to Indiantown. When the skirmishers 
of the right column had possessed themselves of the heights 
of Fort Howcy captured the guns planted there, and turned' 
them on the enemy, the left commenced a sharp skirmish with 
the enemy, and drove them back from the shipyards and 
buildings in front of their position. Having succeeded in this, 
it then attempted to force the right and centre of the position, 
but this attack, from the heavy fire of the Artillery and 
musquetry and the natural strength of the ground, did not 
succeed ; the attacking party falling back followed by the enemy 
to the ground they occupied previous to the attack, which they 
maintained. The attack on the right and centre having failed, 
the right column (which had now arrived on the extreme left 
of the enemy), after crossing the mill-stream commenced a 



62 HISTORICAL RPXORDS OF THE 

vigorous attack upon it, and having gained possession of the 
fir wood and crossed the head of the ravine, turned the 
position, and continued the attack by echelon movement to 
their right, gained the high road and cut off the retreat of the 
enemy from their supposed pontoon bridge at Indiantown. In 
the meantime the left column having made dispositions pre- 
paratory to a renewed attack upon the centre and right, which 
it commenced as soon as it was perceived that the enemy's 
left had been turned, and after a severe contest it gained the 
heights and captured the enemy's guns, who being thus de- 
feated and cut off from the main body fell back on the ridge 
in rear of the grave yard, and their whole force being thrown 
on the peninsula formed by the bend of the river, and without 
the means of escape, surrendered. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 63 



CHAPTER VII. 

I 840-1 843. 

Decline of the Old Militia System — Celebration oj the Queen's Mar- 
riage — Opening of the Mechanics'" Institute — Jubilee of the Artillery 
— Address to Major Ward — His Beply — Sketch of his Life. 



HIS chapter opens with the year in which began the de- 
cadence of the old militia system of the province— a 
system which had few merits and almost innumerable 
defects. Yet it served the necessity of the times fairly well, 
and for many years after its growing inadequacy had been 
recognized it kept a place in the affairs of the country for want 
of a better substitute. Like all things which become obsolete 
its decline was gradual, and the history of the transition from 
it to the succeeding system must be postponed to a later chapter. 
Suffice it to say here that the end had begun. 

The year 1840 witnessed the promotion of Lieutenant John 
C. Allen to the adjutancy, and the addition to the regiment 
of Captain Mowatt's company of Charlotte county artillery. 
In July of this year an almost triumphal reception was ac- 
corded to the new governor-general, Right Hon. C. P. Thomp- 
son. He was received with a salute of nineteen guns from 
the Royal Artillery, and passed through the assembled trades 
on Prince William street. A portion of the New Brunswick 
Regiment of Artillery was stationed *on the King square, and 
fired a salute as His Excellency entered the court house. He 
.afterwards reviewed the militia from the St. John Hotel, then 



64 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

kept by the Messrs. Scammell. On February loth of the suc- 
ceeding year a splendid ball was given by the officers of the 
several battalions of the militia of the city and county of St. 
John. It was held at the St. John Hotel in honor of the 
anniversary of Her Majesty's marriage, which was also the day 
fixed for the christening of the Princess Royal. The band of 
the 69th Regiment furnished music on this occasion. 

A second major was appointed to the artillery in this year 
in the person of Thomas L. Nicholson who has been mentioned 
before in connection with the formation of his company. Capt. 
Ranney resigned about the same time and the vacancy so 
caused was filled by the promotion of Lieutenant S. K. Fos- 
ter. By some oversight no quartermaster had yet been ap- 
pointed to the new regiment but E. B. Peters was gazetted 
to the position on 26th April. Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne was 
appointed provincial A. D. C. to His Excellency on 7th May, 
and James F. Berton succeeded G. F. S. Berton, deceased, 
in the captaincy of the company at Fredericton. 

On Thursday, 12th August, the ist Battalion of city militia 
under Lieutenant-Colonel Peters, and the three St. John 
companies of the Regiment of Artillery commenced the annual 
training. On the following Tuesday the inspection took place, 
and a set of handsome colors was presented to the ist Bat- 
talion. The drill served as good preparation for the pleasing 
duty which a portion of the artillery had next to perform. 
His Excellency Sir William Colebrooke and suite landed at 
Indiantown about eight o'clock on the i6th August, and were 
received by Captain Foster's Artillery coinpany and the Irish 
Royals, under Captain EVrury, as a guard of honor. As the 
governor left the steamer the Pordand militia band struck up 
the National Anthem and the artillery fired the customary 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 65 

salute. On arriving at the St. John hotel His Excellency was 
received by a guard of honor of the 36th Regiment, and 
another salute was fired by Captain Robertson's Artillery 
company which was stationed on the King square. 

The birth of the Prince of Wales was celebrated on the 
8th December by the Royal troops firing a salute, but the 
newspapers do not state whether there was any demonstration 
by the militia. 

On the 17 th August of the next year a bazaar and exhibition 
was held in the Mechanics' Institute under the patronage of 
Lady Colebrooke. Upon the opening an address was read 
by Vice-President Jack and Sir William read an answer on 
behalf of Lady Colebrooke. As Her Ladyship entered the 
hall a royal salute was fired by a detachment of the artillery 
under Major Nicholson, and the National Anthem was played 
by the band of the 30th Regiment. It is interesting to note 
that among the articles exhibited were working models of a 
steam engine projected by Lewis W. Durant and manufac- 
tured by him and James G. Melick. The exhibition was on 
quite a large scale for those days. It aspired to the dignity 
of a picture gallery in which the place of honor was assigned 
to the portrait of Major Ward. 

In September of this year Major Lock's company of Royal 
Artillery, then at St. John, was relieved by a detachment under 
Captain Tuite. On the 12th of the month the St. John 
division of militia artillery assembled for drill. 

The next year's militia orders show Charles J. Melick to 
have succeeded to the command of the old company of 1793, 
which was about to celebrate its jubilee. The orders also 
note that in August the New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery 
subscribed the sum of ^9 toward the rebuilding of the 



66 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

monument to Sir Isaac Brock. This year was destined to 
be ever memorable in the history of our corps. Though since 
that time the records of its early history have been almost 
entirely destroyed by the many terrible fires which have de- 
vastated the City of St. John, yet the celebration of the i8th 
of May of that year has put beyond all doubt the fact that 
the original company had maintained a continuous existence. 
For some time previous to that loyal anniversary paragraphs 
appeared in the St. John newspapers intimating that the day 
would be especially commemorated in connexion with the 
Artillery company and its only surviving officer, Major Ward. 
The events of the day can better be related by the following 
extract from the St. John "Courier" of the 20th May, than 
by any paraphrase made by one who has no other knowledge 
of the time : 

Landing of the Loyalists. 

the fiftieth anniversary of the formation of the 

First Artillery Company. 

Thursday, the i8th May, being the day appointed by our 
good and loyal citizens for celebrating the above anniversary — 
the morn was ushered in by a salute on King square, and by 
the displaying of the " Union and Cross " on the various build- 
ings and shipping in the harbor, the sun shone forth in unclouded 
splendor — not a cloud intervened to darken the approaching 
festivities — every heart beat high in anticipation of the events, 
and all seemed to hail the commemoration of so memorable an 
occasion with feelings of pleasure, satisfaction and enjoyment. 

The uniform companies of our gallant militia were on the 
field at eleven o'clock precisely, under the command of their 
respective officers, who seemed to vie with each other in the 
neatness of their military costumes and the regularity and cor- 
rectness of the movements of their men. 

At twelve o'clock an address was delivered by Major Nichol- 
son, of the New Brunswick Artillery, to Major Ward, the 
Father of the city, and who is now the oldest of that " noble 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 67 

band" who, with others, sacrificed all for their principles, their 
king and country— which address was nobly responded to by 
the gallant major. From thence the troops proceeded to the 
Queen square where a salute of fifty guns was fired with ad- 
mirable precision by the artillery companies — after which they 
proceeded on their march round the city— thence to King 
square, where a royal salute was fired and the troops dismissed, 
after conducting themselves with credit to their commanders 
and with honor to the day. 

Immediately after the conclusion of the above ceremonies, 
by invitation of the venerable gentleman addressed, the officers 
of the New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery partook of a very 
handsome luncheon at his residence. 

In the evening a splendid ball took place at the St. John 
hotel, where all the pride, beauty and loyalty of the city were 
assembled, and where the youth of both sexes amused them- 
selves till a late hour. We must not omit to mention the 
brilliant display of " fireworks " which was exhibited to the 
admiring spectators on King's square during the evening, and 
which reflects great credit on the projectors. 

The following is a copy of the address alluded to above 

with Major Ward's reply : 

Saint John, May i8th, 1843. 
Sir :— 

Assembled for the purpose of celebrating the Sixtieth Anni- 
versary of the Landing of the Loyalists in this province, and 
the fiftieth of the formation of the first (or Loyal) Company 
of Artillery, now embodied in the New Brunswick Regiment 
of Artillery, we, the officers of that corps in St. John, gladly 
avail ourselves of the occasion to express the sentiments of 
high respect entertained towards you by our regiment and in 
which we feel assured every member of this community par- 
ticipates. 

Deservedly beloved and esteemed as you have ever been by 
all round you throughout the course of a life already extended 
beyond the ordinary span allotted to mortals, we claim you 
with pride as one of the first officers of the corps to which we 
have now the honor to belong ; and we hail you at the same 



68 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



time as one of the few survivors of that gallant band, who — 
surrendering all save the undying honor of their sacrifice — fol- 
lowed the standard of their Sovereign to these shores, and 
whose landing we this day commemorate. 

That health and prosperity may yet long be yours, and h at 
the evening of your days may be as free from a cloud as your 
past life has been unspotted is the sincere desire of the corps 
in whose behalf we have the honor to subscribe ourselves. 

With great respect^ Sir, 

Your obedient servants, 



T. L. Nicholson, 

Major N. B. R. A. 
James William Boyd, 

Captain and Paymaster. 
Stephen K. Foster, 

Captain. 
Edw. B. Peters, 

Lieut, and Quartermaster. 
Chas. C. Stewart, 

ist Lieutenant. 



William Hughson, 

Captain. 
Charles J. Melick, 

Captain. 
Wm. Wright, 

ist Lieutenant. 
N. W. Wallop, 

Lieutenant. 
Lewis W. Durant, 

Lieutenant, 



To John Ward, Esquire, J. P., Major, etc. 

[Reply]. 

To Major Nicholson and the officers at St. John of the Neiv 
Brunszvick Regiment of Artillery: 

Gentlemen — 

Your address revives early recollections of a most thrilling 
nature. Nearly seventy years now have passed since first I joined 
the standard of my country as a British soldier. I most cheer- 
fully consented to every sacrifice to maintain the rights of my 
Sovereign, the being of the Constitution — and when it pleased 
that Sovereign to suspend the struggle, I yielded to the event, 
retaining my allegiance- and sixty years have now elapsed 
since we first erected the standard of loyalty in this place, and 
the corps that you now represent was soon after embodied, — 
a corps whose high character for efficiency and discipHne is so 




Major John Ward. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 69 

well supported by your present New Brunswick Regiment of 
Artillery. 

■ It has pleased the Almighty to prolong my days beyond the 
period usually allotted to man, and many blessings have at- 
tended me, and mingled with the greatest is the esteem of my 
fellow citizens, and this additional mark of your regard will be 
fondly cherished by me during the few short hours I may yet 
be with you. 

Gentlemen — I thank you for your address as one of the few 
surviving Loyalists — as .an early member of your corps — and 
as a citizen proud of your esteem, I thank you— accept the 
blessings of an old man. 

Yours affectionately, 
May 18. John Ward. 

Another paragraph records the ball as follows : 

'The ball on Thursday evening, given by the St. John 

* division of the New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery, was far 

* more numerously attended than any during the season. Over 
' sixty public guests were invited on the occasion, a large num- 
'ber of whom, including Lieutenant-Colonel Ormond, Major 
'PoYNTZ, and the officers of the 30th and 52nd Regiments; 
' His Worship the Mayor, colonels of militia and heads of 
'departments generally, with their families, honored the com- 
*pany with their presence. We also particularly noticed Mr. 
' Henry Anthony, one of three only survivors of the ninety- 
' seven good and loyal men who fifty years ago established the 
' first Artillery company in this city, the formation of which 
'they were invited to celebrate in connection with the sixtieth 
' anniversary of the landing of the Loyalists on these shores. 
'The other two survivors are Major John Ward, who was a 
'lieutenant in the corps, .and Mr. Daniel Belding, of Dipper 
' Harbor. The company is now attached to the New Bruns- 
'wick Regiment of Artillery, and under the command of 
' Captain Charles J. Melick.' 

To do full justice to the memory of Major John Ward, 

whose name and person were so honored by our predecessors 

of half a century ago, would require a volume at least as large 



^O HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

as the present, and might profitably be written if the regimen- 
tal history permitted of biography in detail. But we must 
content ourselves with a few of the more prominent events in 
his remarkable career. Major John Ward was born at Peek- 
skill, Westchester County, in the Province of New York, in 
1752. His family were all loyal, and three brothers served 
the crown during the Revolutionary war. He joined the 
" Loyal American Regiment," with the rank of ensign, from 
which he was promoted to a lieutenancy on 7 th October, 
1777, when he was twenty five years of age. He served with 
his regiment through the war, being frequently in action and 
was once wounded. He had a friendly intimacy with the un- 
fortunate Major Andre, and when the latter started up the 
Hudson in the Vulture sloop of war, on his ill-fated mission 
to General Benedict Arnold, Lieutenant Ward was in com- 
mand of the escort which accompanied him. 

At the peace of 1783 he came to Parrtown with the rear 
guard of his regiment and many women and children. No ac- 
commodations had been provided for them and they lived in 
tents thatohed with spruce boughs, erected on the Barrack 
grounds. Lower Cove. The winter was rigorous and many 
women and children died. Lieutenant Ward's son, John 
Ward, jr., was born in one of these tents on the i8th Decem- 
ber, 1783. 

Lieutenant Ward removed to Sussex Valley in the spring of 
1784, but only remained there a short time, as in 1785 he 
entered into business in St. John with his brothers Benjamin 
and Moses. This firm was the pioneer in the West India 
business, which brought so much prosperity to St John in tHe 
early days. The subject of our sketch was a man of more 
tha!i ordinary enterprise. In company with the late Hon. 



N. J3. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 7 1 

Hugh Johnston, he put the first steamboat on the St. John 

river. It was called the General Smythe, and made the first 

trip to Fredericton on May loth, 1816. The General Smythe 

was followed by the St. George, John Ward and Fredericton. 

Naturally he took much interest in military matters and until 

his resignation in 18 16 was for many years in the command 

of the militia of the city and county of Saint John. In 1809, 

i8i6 and 18 19 he represented the county of Saint John in the 

House of Assembly. His name, for many years, stood first in 

the commission of the Peace for the city and county, until on 5th 

November, 1846, he died at his residence, corner of King and 

Germain streets, in the 94th year of his age. The following is 

an extract from the obituary notice which appeared in the St. 

John " Courier " upon his demise : — 

"Thus full of years and honors has departed one who has 
led an unblemished life, and who carries with him to the 
grave the highest esteem and most profound respect of the 
community to whom his noble and venerable appearance, his 
strict integrity and amiable disposition have long been familiar." 

So with the life story of a good and noble man whose youh 

was brilliant with courage and whose multitude of years taught 

wisdom, closes the first half century of the corps of which 

he was a founder and which venerates his memory today as 

that of a hero and a patriarch. 



72 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF .THE 



CHAPTER VIII. 

1844-1859. 

Muster Days — Drilling on the Flats — Major Foster — Colonel Hayne 
becomes Adjutant- General^Debate on Militia Law — Its Former 
Provisions — Uniform Companies — Beginning of Be-organization. 



HIS was an era of profound peace, and for years it seemed 
unnecessary to many persons that militia training should 
be kept up. But despite the lack of encouragement 
from the government, which year by year withdrew its support 
from the militia system, and despite the growing indifference 
of the people to its welfare, the regiment kept its ranks fairly 
well recruited. It is true that the artillery did not drill many 
days in each year, but it is equally true that whenever their 
services were required for the celebration of an anniver- 
sary, especially that of their Loyalist forefathers, they were 
ready and willing to respond. That the corps of which we 
are so proud has a century of history to which we can point 
to-day, is the best possible tribute to that officer by whose 
exertions it was kept alive. To Lieutenant-Colonel Foster is 
due the credit of having by his personal influence and example, 
at a time when regiment after regiment of militia was dying 
out, maintained in some efficiency a portion of the old regiment, 
sufficiently strong to preserve the organizations of 1793 and 
1838 until they were placed upon a firmer basis in i860. 
The reader must expect but little from these days, and be 
surprised rather because there is a record at all, than at the 
nioagreness of the one which is presented.^ 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 73 

On 5th July, 1844, Captain John C. Allen was appointed 
a provincial aid-de-camp. In these times the Fredericton- com- 
pany always fired a salute at the opening and closing of the 
legislature, and in dealing with this period it is to be particu- 
larly remembered that during the whole of it, and for years 
afterwards, a company was available for this purpose. In Septem- 
ber of the following year Colonel Hayne left Fredericton en 
route to England whither he was called on business connected 
with the Nova Scotia and New Brunswick Land Company. 
On the same morning (29th September) Captain Poulden's 
detachment of the Royal Artillery also left Fredericton and 
Captain Berton's company of the N. B. Regiment turned out 
and gave them a farewell salute. 

In 1846 there was quite a number of promotions and appoint- 
ments. Among them was that of Robert Reed, of St. John, 
who became second lieutenant in the Nicholson company, 
then under command of Captain William Hughson. Mr. Reed 
had been in the corps for many years and up to his death had 
a vivid recollection of the old days. He recalled the times in 
the early '40's when the companies used to cross over to the 
Carleton shore in scows and go down to the Manawagonish 
road for their training. In 1839, as before stated, he was on 
garrison duty in St. John during the Aroostook war. At this 
time the artillery had two light 6-pr. guns. They drilled in 
the open air, generally about King square, which was then a 
common of very uninviting appearance. This drill would 
continue for three days after which the muster took place on 
the sands at Courtenay Bay. The selection of the day for the 
muster was always governed by the tide, it being arranged that 
the militia should leave King square about the time that the 
tide began to ebb. When the soldiery reached their parade 



74 



HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 



the flats were quite dry and in beautiful condition for march- 
ing. .Training day was in the nature of a fete to the people 
of the little city. The country people drove in and the city 
people drove out. Booths were erected and a thriving business 
done in all kinds of refreshments. Old women with shrivelled 
faces set up their apple stands, old men whose days of train- 
ing were long past extolled the attractions of their wares in 
quavering voices. Boys rushed about pell-mell, and tumbled 
over everybody in their anxiety to get the best possible view 
of all that was going on. Wives, sisters, mothers and sweet- 
hearts, sought the sandy slopes beyond the Marsh, each be- 
lieving that ' her representative in the ranks was the finest 
soldier of them all. They were merry, merry days, and we 
cannot but feel a touch of sadness when the old men of to- 
day relate these bright experiences of their boyhood. The sun 
seems to have shone more brightly, the grass was greener, the 
waters were more careless, and the world was happier in those 
days of old than it is in this more progressive but sterner age 
of terrible reality. 

There were no World's Fairs then, but when the stock of 
provisions had been consumed, the bugles had sounded and 
the boys in blue and scarlet were marching home again, the 
stimulus of liquid refreshment raised many a volunteer and 
many a spectator to the summit of human bliss. There were 
no more worlds to conquer, and when the crowd returned to 
the city which had been unguarded in their absence, a night 
of jollification ensued. Such were the Muster Days. 

The annual inspection of 1846 was held on 20th May. In 
the next year Captain Thomas B. Wilson was appointed 
provincial aid-de-camp. On the laying of the corner stone of 
the Provincial Lunatic Asylum at St. John, in 1847, ^ salute 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 75 

was fired by a company of artillery under Major Nicholson. 
In 1848 Colonel Hayne became assistant adjutant-general in 
the place of Lieutenant-Colonel W. H. Robinson, who had died 
shortly before. The death of Major Thomas L. Nicholson 
occurred in this year, and the vacancy thus caused was filled 
by the promotion of Captain S. K. Foster to the majority. 
Mr. G. Sidney Smith, of St. John, remembers the funeral of 
Major Nicholson, at which he says the artillery was present 
under Captains Foster, Melick, Wright and Stewart. 

The "Courier" of 19th May, 1849, contains the following 
account of the celebration of the sixty-sixth anniversary of the 
landing of the Loyalists, which had been observed on the pre- 
vious day : — 

"The anniversary of the landing of the Loyalists in this 
city in 1783 was celebrated yesterday. Flags were to be seen 
floating from the dwellings of many of the descendants of the 
loyalists and from other conspicuous situations, and some of 
the vessels in the harbor were bedecked with their colors. 
The St. John companies of the New Brunswick Regiment of 
Artillery fired a royal salute at noon and marched through the 
streets preceded by one of the amateur bands playing some 
lively airs. In the evening Queen's square and its environs 
were crowded by a dense mass of people to witness a display 
of fireworks. The exhibition exceeded anything of the kind 
ever seen here, and was grand and beautiful in the extreme, 
and reflected great credit upon all concerned in getting it up. 
The committee of management were Major S. K. Foster, of 
the Artillery ; Captain T. E. G. Tisdale, City Rifles, and Mr. 
John Sears, all descendants of the first settlers of St. John." 

The annual muster of this year was held on the 9th Octo- 
ber. The 1 8th of May of the next year was observed by the 
firing of a salute and a display of fire works on the Queen's 
square similar to that of the previous year. 

There were several promotions in 1849, among them that 



76 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of Lieutenant Fred A. Wiggins to be paymaster vice Boyd, 
resigned. Much dissatisfaction was afterwards caused by tlie 
granting of "rank to this officer, which, it was claimed, was 
unjust to those who had done more work than he. The mat- 
ter was adjusted, but not until the interest of several officers 
in the regiment was destroyed. 

In 185 1 Colonel Hayne became adjutant-general of the 
province upon the death of Lieutenant-Colonel the Honorable 
George Shore, which occurred on i8th May. Though 
not an officer of our regiment, yet the record of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Shore is so thoroughly identified with the militia 
system of New Brunswick that a slight digression may be 
pardoned, in extracting from the " Courier " of May 24th of 
that year the notice of his death. It is as follows : 

"On the afternoon of Sunday last Lieutenant-Colonel the 
Hon. George Shore expired at his residence in this city 
(Fredericton) after an illness of three days duration. Colonel 
Shore came to this province in 1804 — -was an officer in the 
104th Regiment, and marched at the head of the light com- 
pany of that corps to Canada in 18 13, where he served dur- 
ing the continuance of the last American war. After returning 
from Canada, Colonel Shore was appointed A. D. C. and 
private secretary to the late General Smythe, then governor of 
the province, and subsequently, at different periods, filled the 
offices of auditor-general and surveyor-general. 

In 1825 Colonel Shore was permanently appointed to the 
office of clerk of the pleas in the Supreme Court, which office 
he continued to hold up to the time of his death. The de- 
ceased was also at one time inspecting officer of militia, and 
was afterwards appointed adjutant-general, which office he held 
at the time of his decease. Besides filling in turn, with credit 
to himself and satisfaction to the country, the offices which 
we have already enumerated, the deceased was more than once 
an executive adviser of the crown, and for many years had a 
scat in the legislative council of the province." -x- -x- -x- * 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 77 

The funeral of Colonel Shore was strictly private. 

The- 29th September, 1852, was an eventful day in the his- 
tory of New Brunswick, being the occasion of the signing of 
the contract for the building of the line of railway from St. 
John to Amherst, and also from St. John to the American 
frontier. The contract was signed at St. John at 12 o'clock, 
noon, of that day, and the volunteer artillery, under command 
of Major Foster, fired a salute from Chipman's Hill. 

There was a somewhat acrimonious debate over the intro- 
duction of a new militia bill in the House of Assembly on the 
24th March, 1853. Though the bill was offered in compliance 
with royal instructions, yet it was ridiculed by some of the 
members, and apparently misunderstood. The House had no 
sympathy with a militia system. But one branch of that sys- 
tem had still some life in it, for we find that the i8th of 
May of that year, being the seventieth anniversary of the 
landing of the loyalists, was observed in the usual manner by 
a salute from the New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery. On 
the 14th September there was a great demonstration in the 
city of Saint John in honor of the turning of the sod of the 
European and North American Railway, for the building of 
which the contract had been signed in the previous year. The 
day was ushered in by a salute from the artillery, and at ten 
o'clock the streets were crowded by a throng of people. Half 
an hour later one of the great old time trades processions be- 
gan to move through the city. First came a body of citizens 
on horseback, then a company of the New Brunswick Artillery; 
the marshals ; the president and directors of the Mechanics' 
Institute ; the trades ; Common Council ; fire companies ; jus- 
tices of the peace ; millmen ; men of the Black Ball Line of 
Liverpool Packets ; pilots ; Freemasons and many others ; in 



78 HISTORICAL RPXORDS OF THE 

all upwards of 5,000 persons. The procession was nearly a 
mile in length. 

The artillery fired a salute when the first sod was raised by 
Lady Head, wife of the Lieutenant-Governor, and deposited in 
an elegant wheelbarrow. 

At this, the transition period from the old to the new sys- 
tems of organization of the militia, it may be well to briefly 
review the provisions of the militia laws of the time. Refer- 
ence has previously been made to the law in force at the 
time of the formation of the Colville company, which, how- 
ever, was changed from time to time. There seemed for many 
years to be a feeling against having a permanent militia law 
on the principle which has always been urged against standing 
armies. Whether or not that was the true reason, it is a fact 
that the law was frequently enacted, the provisions of the acts 
varying but very little. At length, in 1825, acts relating to 
the militia were consolidated. All male residents of the pro- 
vince from sixteen to sixty years of age were rendered liable 
to militia service in battalions to be formed in each county 
Where the counties were sufficiently populous more than one 
battalion might be formed. The company was the unit, and 
each was to consist of not more than sixty rank and file under 
one captain and two subalterns. The exemptions were mem- 
bers of the .Legislative Council and House of Assembly, 
established clergymen, licensed ministers of the gospel, all 
persons exercising civil or military commissions under the 
crown ; officers ^n half pay, supernumerary militia officers then 
in -commission ; officers of customs, revenue and naval officers; 
physicians and surgeons, licensed to practice as such ; one 
miller to each grist mill, and one ferryman to each established 
fcMry, and Quakers who had been members of that sect for one 



N. v.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 79 

year. Nearly all of these exempts were liable to service in 
case of actual invasion. Provision was made for drilling 
regiments or battalions one day in each year, and battalions 
were to be drilled by companies twice during that period. 
To assist in the administration adjutants and sergeant-majors 
of battalions received a small money grant annually. Exempts, 
except ferrymen, had to pay a tax of ten shillings per year, 
and there was also a license upon aliens. When drafts for 
actual service were made they were confined to persons be- 
tween eighteen and fifty years of age and volunteers were to 
be accepted without draft. The commander-in-chief was given 
power to establish artillery and sea fencible companies, and to 
direct the mode of drilling them. In cases of emergency 
which might render the services of the artillery more necessary 
than others, the officer commanding any regiment or battalion 
in which there might be an artillery company was authorized 
to call out the whole or part of such ccmpany though the 
number so called out might exceed the proportion of men 
which the company was liable to furnish. 

As stated before the Artillery company at St. John was al- 
ways uniformed. In 1827 an act was passed for the encourage- 
ment of this and other uniform companies. In after years 
membership in these companies became quite a privilege as 
they kept up regular drill and the members were fairly well 
instructed. All who did not join the companies were called 
out for one or two days drill each year, and from their ignor- 
ance of squad drill were termed the ' flat feet.' Those belonging 
to uniform companies acted as instructors of the others and 
always had much fun with the amusing blunders of the raw 
recruits. 

In 1839 provision was 'made for the establishment of battal- 



^O HiSTORiCAL RECORDS OF THE 

ions of Artillery and Sea Fencibles^ but in the case of the 
Artillery a regiment had been formed in the previous year. 

In 1 85 1 owing to great opposition on the part of the people 
who were drilled as 'flat feet' many provisions of the militia 
law were suspended for that year. When the statutes were re^ 
vised in 1854 the whole militia law was consolidated without 
alteration, and the sections of the old acts which had been sus- 
pended were further suspended until 1856, it being provided 
that the Commander-in-Chief might by proclamation revive 
these sections or any portion of them. The suspended portions 
of the law, however, applied only to that branch of the militia 
which is now designated as the 'Reserve.' Chapter 82 of the 
Revised Statutes which dealt exclusively with the Artillery and 
Sea Fencible companies was not suspended, and the keeping 
of a militia force was always sanctioned. The portions of the 
acts suspended dealt with the imposition of penalties for non- 
attendance at drill and similar vindicatory provisions of the 
law. That this construction of the law is correct is amply 
proved by the act of the Lieutenant-Governor, Hon. J. H. T. 
Manners Sutton, who, in 1859, without issuing a proclama- 
tion accepted the services of several volunteer companies. 
During the period of suspension some commissions were issued 
and among them one dated i8th April, 1855, to Sergeant- 
Major Thomas Paisley as second lieutenant in the. Artillery 
company at Fredericton. As before stated the Fredericton 
company always fired a salute at the opening and closing of 
the legislative session. Of course, it is not pretended for one 
moment that there was a thoroughly organized and well disci- 
plined body of men continuously existing as the New Bruns- 
wick Regiment of Artillery, but what can be successfully proved 
is, that one or more companies had an existence during this 



N. B GARRISON ARTILLERY. 8 1 

period of inactivity; that on many public occasions they assisted 
in their capacity of an artillery force, and that, when vigorous re- 
cruiting began again in 1859, some of the old officers retained 
command of their companies while the appointment of new 
officers was, in many cases,, recognized in general orders as 
being in substitution for others who retired. 

One of the last incidents in which the St. John Artillery 
took part, during the period with which this chapter deals, was 
the celebration on September ist^ 1858, consequent on the 
successful laying of the Atlantic cable. 

After the Crimean war there was a very enthusiastic volun- 
teer movement in England which has continued with increasing 
strength to the present time, resulting in one of the finest forces 
of modern times. The inception of the system seems to have 
attracted the attention of Major-General Sir Fenwick Williams, 
who, on leaving England in 1859 to assume command of the 
forces in the North American provinces, suggested a scheme 
of defence for the colonies based on similar principles. The 
Duke of New^castle, then Colonial Secretary, wrote to the 
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick expressing a desire that 
he might confer with General Williams whose views had the 
sanction and concurrence of the home- government. In con- 
sequence of this request it was intimated that the services 
would be accepted of such companies as might volunteer, and 
in the summer of 1859 the work of instructing the militia was 
recommended, and has been continued to the present time. 



82 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER IX. 

1859. 

Offers of Service Accepted — Many New Officers — Captain Mount's Work 
— The Colville Company Continued — New Companies in Carleton 
and Portland — Other Companies — A New Uniform Adopted — A 
Beview — The Prince of Wales Expected. 



TN his despatch to the Duke of Newcastle, dated 9th Decem. 
X her, 1859, Lieutenant-Governor Manners-Sutton stated 
that the revival of the mihtia acts by proclamation would 
have necessitated the calling out of the whole able-bodied 
population of the province, which would be an unnecessary 
interference with industry. No such objection could be urged 
against his acceptance of the spontaneous offer of any portion 
of the several regiments of militia to volunteer in companies 
for drill and exercise, under command of the officers of their 
respective regiments. He had applied for and received from 
Lieutenant-Governor Sir Fenwick Williams, in command at 
Quebec, three thousand stand of rifles with accoutrements, 
which were stored at St. John. In that city four companies 
of the artillery had volunteered ; their services had been ac- 
cepted, and they would be instructed in rifle practice and drill. 
Adjutant-General Hayne's report, dated 12th January, i860, 
a copy of which was also transmitted, showed the state of the 
artillery to be as follows : 



Counties. 

York, 


No. of Companies 
completely formed. 


No. in course 
of formation. 

I 


Queens, 
St. John, 


3 


I 

3 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 



83 



The companies in St. John and Fredericton were then being 
drilled by their own officers and non-connmissioned officers. A 
subsequent report of loth March showed that the company 
was still being formed at Fredericton ; that five companies con- 
sisting of two hundred and eighty men had been enrolled at 
St. John and that another company was in process of formation, 
while one of thirty-eight men had been enrolled at Woodstock. 
Two light guns at St. John and two at Woodstock were in 
use, and the artillery were also being drilled with rifles. 

When active work ceased Colonel Hayne was in command 
of the regiment ; S. K. Foster, major ; John C. Allen, ad- 
jutant ; E. B. Peters, quarter master ; Fred. A. Wiggins, 
paymaster; J. Toldervy, M. D., surgeon, and LeB. Botsford, 
M. D., assistant surgeon. In St. John the officers were : 

Colville Company, 
Captain, Charles J. Melick, 

Lieutefiant, Lewis Durant, 

Second Lieutenant^ James G. Melick, 

Nicholson's Company. 

•C. C. Stewart, 
Robert Reed, 



10 April, 
12 April, 
10 August, 



1843. 
1843- 
1848. 



Captain, 
Lieutenant, 



Second Lieutenant, Robert Sweet, 



12 August, 1848. 
10 October, 1845. 

13 August, 1848. 



Captain, 
Lieutenant, 



Captain, 
Lieutenant, 



Banney's Company. 

William Wright, 
John R. Marshall, 

At Fredericton : 

James F. Berton, 
Thomas Paisley, 

At Woodstock : 

A. K. S. Wetmore, 
Walter D. Bedell, 



11 August, 1848. 

12 August, 1848. 



23 July» 
18 April, 



1841. 
1855. 



Captain, 

Lieutenant, 

Second Lieutenant, Charles H. Connell, 



8 March, 1839. 
30 October, 1845. 
10 August, 1848. 



8 April, 

9 April, 
26 March, 


1834. 
1834. 
1827. 


9 April,. 
9 April, 


1834- 
1884. 



84 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

At St. Stephen : 

Captain^ William T. Rose, 

Lieutenants^ J. Campbell, 

J. Maxwell, 

W. Andrews, 

Peter Brown, 

It is difficult to place any other officers with accuracy, but 
an attempt has been made to do so in the appendix to this 
work. 

The active work of re-organization in St. John was done by 
James Mount, who had been a sergeant in a company of the 
Royal Artillery. He was appointed captain in the militia 
artillery about June, 1859, and set to work enrolling a volun- 
teer company. Success attended his efforts, and in a few 
weeks the roll was signed by one hundred and twenty of the 
brightest and most active young men of the city. The first 
name was that of George H. Pick, whose connection with 
the artillery will be many times referred to in these pages. 

Militia general orders of 20th September, 1859, contain the 
appointment of Captain Mount to the adjutancy vice John C. 
Allen, who resigned that office only and retained his rank of 
captain in the regiment. On the 14th November George H. 
Pick, Robert Sneden and George Thomas were gazetted 
lieutenants. These were officers of Mount's company, which 
was afterwards designated as 'No. i.' On an evening in the 
summer of 1859 the company met in an old building on the 
corner of Duke and Prince WiUiam streets, St. John, after- 
wards used as a dance hall and bowling alley, and elected 
officers, a proceeding which would seem strange in these days. 
Besides the lieutenants just mentioned, Frank Lansdowne 
and James F. Robertson were chosen sergeants. The latter 
is now a member of the well-known firm of Manchester, 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 85 

Robertson & Allison. On December 6th of that year Major 
Foster attained the rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel, and 
Captain Charles J. Melick, of the old Colville company was 
gazetted major vice Hon. G. F. Street, deceased, thus filling 
up the regimental establishment of two majors. The Ranney 
company was also filled up by the promotion of Lieutenant 
John R. Marshall to the captaincy and the appointment of 
George F. Thompson, Robert J. Leonard and Francis 
Smith as lieutenants. On the same day a new company was 
accepted with Josiah Adams, captain, Joseph Coram, Edwin 
J. Wetmore and George J, Stackhouse, lieutenants, which 
was subsequently designated as ' No. 2,' and is now the Carle- 
ton company. They drilled in the upper rooms of a store on 
South Rodney wharf and exercised on the wharf with their 
guns. The superintendent of ferries of St. John, Mr. H. 
Adam Glasgow, was one of the first sergeants of the company. 
In January, i860, Lieutenant Pick became captain of No. i 
and Francis Lansdowne succeeded to a lieutenancy, while in 
Portland Hurd Peters as captain, with Alexaa^der Rankin 
and James Kirk, raised a new company which is still in 
existence as 'No. 3.' They organized in the fire engine house on 
Simonds street, and from thence removed to the Madras school 
building where St. Peter's church now stands. The company 
afterwards occupied the Portland temperance hall. They had 
two 3-pr. guns from the barracks and were supplied with 
Enfield Snider rifles. Another company was also formed in 
Portland under Captain Richard Simonds and Lieutenant W. 
Rogers, principally from the men of Protector No. 2 Engine 
Company. They drilled for some time, but eventually most 
of the members went into one of the infantry companies then 
being raised, and Captain Simonds' company ceased to exist. 



S6 HJSTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

In the same month Lewis Durant of the Colville company 
became its captain ; second Heutenant James G. Melick was 
promoted to the first Heutenancy and Thomas Coke Humbert 
was also gazetted as Heutenant. In February the Woodstock 
company, known as No. 5, was re-organized with James Edgar, 
captain ; William Skillen and Edward D. Watts heutenants. 
Another company, afterwards known as No. 7, at Chatham, 
Northumberland County, was organized in March with James 
C. E. Carmichael, captain, Elijah Parsons and Thomas F. 
Gillespie, Heutenants ; while at Gagetown J. Warren Travis, 
captain, Fred, Lundrine Knox and William J. Frost, lieu- 
tenants, added another to the roll. 

Yet another company was formed in the next month of this 
year. It was a second company in Carleton, St. John, with 
John McLauchlan, captain, Richard Newell Knight and 
Thomas Mitchell McLachlan, lieutenants. The numbers by 
which these companies are referred to were not given at the 
time of formation and do not appear in any official list In 
fact the question of priority was one of considerable doubt and 
may in some sense be even yet considered an open question. 
As stated previously, the commissions of all the regimental and 
many of the company officers remained in force though active 
work had not been carried on for a few years. In Fredericton 
a company always fired a salute at the opening and closing of 
the legislature and in St. John any public celebration was gen- 
erally accompanied by a salute. Yet the Colville company 
was not in a position to take up drill without recruiting and 
it does not appear that Captain Charles J. Melick made any 
active effort to begin the work. His accession to the majority 
afforded an opportunity for younger blood to make the neces- 
sary effort but time was thereby lost, and Captain Pick's com- 



N. B. GARRISON*\RTILLERV. 87 

pany was undoubtedly in an efficient state before any other. 
But even then the claim was made by Captain Durant and 
his successor, Captain James G. Melick, that they were the 
heirs of the Colville company, and though the authorities at 
a subsequent time chose to designate Captain Pick's company 
as No. I and that of Captain Durant as No. 3, their decision 
does not appear to have been based upon historical claims 
but rather upon the order in which the rolls were forwarded. 
It is to be noted that the numbering is not used in any official 
reports. The result of a great deal of investigation given to 
this subject shows that the Durant company was beyond doubt 
the lineal successor of the Colville company. 

The guns of the St. John artillery at this time were 3-prs. 
and were kept in a barn on King street east about opposite to 
the gymnasium. They were under the charge of Major Melick. 
The use of these guns by the older organizations is recalled 
by John R. Marshall, still living, who from 1862 to 1890 
was chief of the St. John police force. About 1830 he joined 
Captain Barlow's company when George Waterbury, Rob- 
ert Robertson and Charles J. Melick were lieutenants, and 
rose through the ranks of bombardier, corporal and sergeant 
to a lieutenantcy in 1848. When he joined the company 
James G. Melick and Lewis Durant were sergeants. Drill 
was carried on in the old fire engine house then on Dock 
street, and the two 3-pr. guns w^ere kept in the battery at 
Lower Cove. On his appointment to a lieutenantcy he was 
transferred to Wright's company of which, as we have seen, 
he afterwards became captain. They drilled principally on the 
King square and afterwards in the Mechanics' Institute, and 
had sixty stand of r-ifles which were kept in Captain Marshall's 
house, in rear of St. John's (Stone) Church. In 1862 the rifles 



SS HISTORICAL 'RECORDS OF THE 

were sent away and the company did not re-enrol under the 
new militia act of that year. Captain Marshall took part in 
the coronation salute of one hundred guns in 1838, which was 
fired from King square. 

A meeting of the officers of the regiment was held on the 
evening of the 26th April, i860, at No. 3 Engine house, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Foster in the chair, at which the question of 
uniform was discussed. That originally agreed upon for officers 
and men was the shell jacket and trousers similar to the 
undress of the Royal Artillery, but some of the officers were 
opposed to this, contending that for the officers, at least, the 
uniform should be a tunic or frock coat. After a long dis- 
cussion the first idea prevailed, and the dress chosen was a 
dark blue jacket trimmed red ; trousers with red stripe down 
the side ; forage cap with red band for privates and non-com- 
missioned officers, and a gold band for officers. It was voted 
that the regiment should fire salutes on the i8th and 24th ot 
May of that year should they be then in possession of their 
guns. The boys must have got their guns in time, for the 
salutes were duly fired, and a newspaper item states that there 
was a muster of one of the companies on the 24th, the mem- 
bers of which looked very well in their new uniforms. 

The recollections of Mr. Georg^ F. Thompson, of Mar- 
shall's company, on the subject of uniforms are quite in- 
teresting. He purchased his uniform cap, shell jacket and 
gold laced trousers for ^25 from McKenzie, the King street 
tailor, who was afterwards cruelly murdered in the Little River 
tragedy. His sword and belts cost him ^15 more. The 
uniform previously worn, said Mr. Thompson, consisted of a 
jacket with two short tails. Underneath the jacket there was 
a book with a curve slightly protruding to hold the belts, 



X. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. ' 89 

which were two inches wide. The sea fencibles used artillery 
guns. Their uniform was a blue cloth round-about jacket with 
wliite duck trousers and a glazed cap. The rank of officers 
in those days was distinguished by epaulets, the lieutenants 
wearing one and captains two. 

One or two items gleaned from the newspapers of the day 
must bring this chapter to a close: 

"On the evening of May 31st several companies of the 
New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery belonging to the city 
and Portland were inspected on the Barrack Square by Major- 
General Trollope. The companies were drawn up in line by 
Captain and Adjutant Mount. The lieutenant-colonel com- 
manding the district placed himself in front, and on the arrival 
of the general and his suite, received him with the customary 
honors. The general, after reviewing the companies, addressed 
the colonel, officers and men in a pleasant and appropriate 
manner, concluding with the hope that on the arrival of the 
Prince of Wales the part which the artillery should bear in 
his reception would not only do credit to themselves and their 
noble province, but to this city." 

" On the evening of May 30th two companies of artillery on 
the West Side, under the command of Captains Adams and 
McLauchlan, turned out and paraded through the various 
streets in Carleton, the men made an excellent appearance, and 
marched with a precision and regularity that would have been 
creditable to a body of soldiers of the line. Previous to their 
marching they were inspected by Lieutenant-Colonel Foster. 
After considerable marching and counter marching they escorted 
the Lieutenant-Colonel to the ferry boat where they were drawn 
up in line and addressed by the Colonel, — who complimented 
them on the appearance they made, and upon the proficiency 
they had made in their drill. The men then marched back to 
the armory and soon after dispersed." 

There was also an inspection at the Barrack square on June 
I St, by Major-General Trollope, at which the artillery and city 
volunteer companies were present. 



90 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

So began the later .history of the New Brunswick Regiment 
of Artillery, bright with earnestness and full of endeavor, and 
though the incidents which follow may be less thriUing than 
those which precede them, yet credit must be given for the 
motives which gave rise to this activity. For, strange to say, 
while a threatened war with France in the early days of our 
province evoked the military ardor of her inhabitants, to the 
same cause may be ascribed the great volunteer movement in 
the mother country which spread to our land with the result 
which has been related. 



X. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 9 1 



CHAPTER X 

i860. 



Visit of the Prince of Wales — Reception at Saint John — The Artillery 
' under Captains Zhn-ant, Pick, Peters, McLauchlan, Adams and 
Travis take Part — Major Carter in Command — An Inspection. 



^;^HREE signal guns rapidly fired from the Fort at Partridge 
\J Island about half-past nine o'clock on the evening of 
Thursday, 2nd August, i860, announced the arrival of 
H. M. S. Styx in the outer harbor, and opened the greatest 
fete ever held in St. John. The vessel bore His Royal 
Highness the Prince of Wales, and an eager multitude 
anticipated with loyal interest the first welcome to the Province 
of an heir apparent to the British throne. Not since the visit 
of the Duke of Kent in 1794 had a scion of royalty been 
seen in the city. Those who recalled that event were few, but 
nowhere could the Prince have been more welcome than in 
that city which had been erected in the wilderness by the 
enthusiastic loyalty of its devoted founders. The ship with her 
royal passenger moored near Reed's Point and was visited by 
the Lieutenant-Governor and Colonel Hayne. The militia 
artillery slept little that night and when the morning broke, 
in the most beautiful of Queen's weather, the men were at 
their posts. A salute from all the forts, joined by our regi- 
ment of artillery rang out at sunrise, and long before the hour 
of landing the batteries of Captain Pick and Captain Hurd 
Peters were on duty at the Ballast \Yharf. The wharves and 
Prince William street were thronged by the whole population 



92 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of the city reinforced by thousands of visitors, joy and music 
adding to the zest of the occasion. Captain Durant's com- 
pany was stationed at the entrance to the Chipman House, 
where the grand-father of the Prince had lodged, and under 
their guns was the house of Captain Colville, the first com- 
mander of their company. Captain McLauchlan's (Carleton) 
company was also stationed there. Next came the rifles and 
infantry companies, the national societies, the cartmen mounted, 
the Sons of Temperance, firemen and trades, so that the line 
extended from the Chipman House to the place of landing at 
Reed's Point. Each company of the artillery and other volun- 
teers contributed eighteen men to a guard of honor which was 
under command of Colonel Thurgar. 

At half past ten o'clock the Prince, accompanied by the 
Duke of Newcastle, Earl St. Germain and suite was rowed 
to the landing stage at Reed's point, the yards of the war ves- 
sel being manned and a salute fired. The National Anthem 
was played by the band of the 63rd Regiment, and as the 
Prince stepped on shore the volunteers presented arms. A 
large procession of escort was formed consisting of provincial 
and corporation officers, the judges^ members of legislative 
council and house of assembly, and office bearers of the 
national societies. Triumphal arches had been erected along 
the route. That at Reed's point was styled a grand Reception 
Pavilion and was beautifully decorated. The interior of the 
Pavilion seated sixteen hundred people. Opposite the old 
city building which then stood just below the Colville house, 
near the present warehouse of W. H. Thorne k Co., the civic 
arch, a magnificent fabric, had been constructed. It was fifty 
feet in height from the ground to the inside of the upper arch 
so that persons standing in the Chipman grounds could look 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 93 

under it to Reed's point. Its panels were suggestive of the 
e^irly history of the Province and the date "1783" was con- 
spicuously displayed. Five thousand Sunday school children 
gathered in the Chipman grounds greeted H. R. H. with the 
national anthem, special words having been adapted to the 
music for the occasion. The procession then retired and re- 
formed. It was reviewed by the Prinxe from the porch of the 
Court House on Sidney street. First came the band of the 
63rd Regiment, then Captain Pick's company of the N. B. R. A. 
followed by the other companies under Captains Durant, 
Adams, ^HuRD Peters, and McLauchlan. It is noteworthy 
that in the newspaper accounts of this event Captain Pick's is 
referred to as the 'Prince of Wales' company, a designation 
which is still retained by No. i. After the artillery came other 
volunteer companies to the number of about 350 men. The 
temperance bodies, firemen, cordwainers, millmen, shipbuilders 
and caulkers, founders, St. George's, St. Patrick's and St. 
Andrew's societies, mounted draymen and others completed the 
pageant. The officers of volunteers, among others, attended 
the levee in the Court House at which addresses were pre- 
sented. The Prince was expected in Carleton in the after- 
noon but owing to some misunderstanding as to arrangements 
did not arrive. Captain Adams' company, however, was on hand 
and fired a salute. On Saturday morning the Prince went to 
Rothesay by special train and was received by a salute from 
the artillery 'under Captain Durant, and a guard of honor from 
the artillery and rifle companies. Leaving Rothesay by the 
steamer Forest Queen the royal party arrived at Fredericton by 
6 o'clock and was received by a guard of honor from the militia 
companies including the artillery under Captains Berton and 
Travis. On Sunday H. R. H. attended the cathedral and on 



94 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



Monday there was a levee. A ball was held in the evening 
at which the Prince remained until three in the morning. 
On Thursday at two o'clock he arrived at Indiantown, and 
was received with presented arms by companies of the Infantry 
volunteers under Captains Crookshank, MacFarlane and 
Stockton. There was no artillery salute as Captains Pick's 
and Peters' companies, which had gone to Fredericton, had 
not been able to return in time. All the other artillery com- 
panies were in Carleton. At the Suspension Bridge the troops 
were drawn up and a royal salute was fired from Carleton 
heights. At the city line, Carleton, the Prince was received 
by the firemen of Nos. 7 and 8 Engine companies, who took 
the horses from the carriage, which was drawn by hand through 
the streets and under an arch on King street. Here the party 
was received by school children, the militia artillery and Wel- 
lington Bay ship builders. The Prince visited the saw mill of 
Hon. John Robertson and witnessed the manufacture of a 
log into lumber. Entering a barge from the S^yx at Rodney 
Wharf the Prince took farewell of the city, Durant's, Adams' 
and McLauch LAN's companies firing a salute. At a quarter 
to five the Sfyx weighed anchor, the batteries and the artillery 
companies fired their parting salutes and the visit of England's 
future King was ended. 

Though time and the official programme did not admit of 
the Prince visiting other points of interest in the province yet 
the enthusiam was none the less in Bathurst where, on the 
day that the Prince arrived in St. John a salute was fired as 
soon as the news came, nine o'clock at night. 

In connection with the reception of the Prince militia gen- 
eral orders had been issued calling out, amongst others, Cap- 
tain Herton's company at Fredericton, Captains Durant, 



N. 11. C.ARRISON ARTILLERY. 95 

Pick, Peters, McLauchlan and Adams, at St. John, and 
Captain Travis, at Gagetown. The whole force, including one 
troop of cavalry and sixteen infantry and rifle companies, was 
placed under the command of Major Carter, then in com- 
mand of H. M. 63rd Regiment. Major Carter, who very 
soon afterwards became Lieutenant-Colonel, on assuming com- 
mand of the militia promulgated the following order : 

Fredericton, N. B., July 24th, j86o. 

Having in accordance with a militia general order, of this 
day's date, assumed command of the several companies called 
out by His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, I undertake 
the duty with which His Excellency has honored me in the 
fullest confidence that I shall receive such support as will en- 
able me to perform the services with which I have been en- 
trusted with every credit to the militia of New Brunswick. 

(Signed) W. F. Carter, Major 

63rd Reg't, 
Commanding H. M. Troops in New Brunswick. 

On retiring from the command after its services had been 
performed he issued the following general order, conveying his 
appreciation of the service of the force under his command : — 

Fredericton, N. B., August 11, i860. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-chief no longer requiring 
my services with the militia force which was called out for the 
purpose of doing all honor to H. R. H. the Prince of 
Wales, I cannot resign this command without thanking the 
whole of the officers, non-commissioned officers and men 
for the able and zealous manner in which they performed 
their different duties during that period. I have also to 
return my best acknowledgments to Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne, 
adjutant-general of militia, and other field officers who gave 
me their valuable assistance on that occasion. My con- 
nection with the militia of New Brunswick will ever be re- 



g6 HISTORICAL RPXORDS OF THE 

membered by me with feelings of pleasure, and I shall always 
continue to take a deep interest in the w^elfare and efficiency 
of this important force. 

(Sgd) W. F. Carter, Major 63rd Regt., 

Commanding H. M. troops in New Brunswick. 

Major Carter was assisted in the performance of his duties 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Thurgar, Lieutenant-Colonel Gray, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, N. B. R. A. ; Lieutenant-Colonel 
Robertson, Major Melick, N. B. R. A., and Captain Mount, 
adjutant N. B. R, A., and also by Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne, 
adjutant-general ; Lieutenant-Colonel Drury, deputy quarter 
master general, and Captain Minchin, deputy adjutant-general. 

The following general order was also issued upon Major 
Carter transferring his command : — 

Fredericton, August 13th, i860. 

Major Carter, 63rd Regiment, commanding Her Majesty's 
troops in New Brunswick, has submitted to His Excellency 
the Commander-in-chief a highly satisfactory report of the con- 
duct of the whole of the militia force, cavalry, artillery and 
infantry recently under his command, not only w^hile they were 
under arms, but also during the whole period for which they 
were called out. 

His Excellency has had an opportunity of personally observ- 
ing their appearance and the manner in which they performed 
their duties during the visit of H. R. H. the Prince of 
Wales, and he gladly avails himself of this occasion to ex- 
press his warm approbation of their steady and soldier-like 
behaviour. 

His Excellency the Commander-in-chief has received from H. 
R. H. the Prince of Wales permission to announce that it 
is the intention of H. R. H. to present a " Challenge Cup " 
(to be competed for every year) as a prize for the best marks- 
man among the companies of militia, in uniform, which have 
volunteered or may volunteer for drill and exercise. His Ex- 
cellency is sure that this announcement will be received as 
a nK^st gratifying recognition on the part of H. R. H. 



N. B. GARRISOX ARTILLKRY. 97 

of the soldier-like and steady conduct of the militia force called 
out by His Excellency's proclamation of the 25th ult., and of 
the zeal which induced them to volunteer for drill and ex- 
ercise ; and he has no doubt that the same spirit which 
assembled together so large a force of militia of all arms (uni- 
formed at their own expense) during H. R. H. visit, will continue 
to animate them and extend to every battahon of militia in 
the Province. The officer in command of every company of 
militia volunteering for drill and exercise may apply to His 
Excellency the Commander-in-Chief for service ammunition for 
practice, (at the rate of five rounds per man in uniform) on 
shewing th^at a suitable and safe practice ground has been 
marked and secured for the company. 

(Sgd) R. Hayne, Lieutenant-Colonel, 

Adjutant-General Militia. 

There are yet a few more incidents to be noted in this 
eventful year, and though they naturally attracted much less 
attention than those just related, yet some of them are by no 
means devoid of interest. On 30th May, i860, Isaac Naish 
was gazetted first, and Alexander Mitchell second, lieuten- 
ant. There is nothing to show to which company these 
gentlemen were attached, but as on 25th March, 1861, Mit- 
chell was promoted to the first * lieutenantcy vice Naish, 
deceased, and is remembered by Sir John C. Allen as having 
been in Fredericton, it is probable that both were in Captain 
John Allen's company which was then being formed. 

In Captain Adams' company Joseph Coram resigned his 
commission and was succeeded by Lieutenant James Quinton, 
from St. John County militia ; while in Captain Durant's 
company Thomas C. Humbert gave way to Alexander 
Rankine. 

Another officer was appointed to Captain McLauchlan's 
company in the person of George Hunter Clark as a second 
lieutenant. 



98 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

A meeting of the officers of militia of the city of Saint 
John was held on August nth in the parlor of No. 2 Fire 
Engine house, at which Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, Captains 
Mount, Pick, Durant and Adams, Lieutenants Melick, 
Sneden, Thomas, Quinton, McLachlan, Taylor and Ran- 
kine of the artillery were present with quite a large number 
of others. Lieutenant-Colonel Foster occupied the chair and 
stated that the object of the meeting was to enable officers to 
become personally acquainted and for the cultivation of the 
unanimity of sentiment essential to the success of the volunteer 
movement. As an outcome of his suggestions it was resolved 
that the militia companies of St. John should assemble for a 
general inspection on 26th September and that Colonel Thur- 
gar be invited to act as inspecting officer. A request was 
also sent to the Lieutenant-Governor for a supply of artillery 
and rifle ammunition to enable practice to be carried on. 

The "Morning News" of September 28th says that the 
general appearance of the men at this inspection was excellent. 
'The Carleton artillery excelled in their marching with small 
'arms and in their manual exercise, while Captain Peters' 
'(Portland) artillery with field pieces went through their march- 
'ing in very good order. The other bodies on the ground 
'were the Prince of Wales (Pick's), Captain Durant's and 
'Captain Adams' artillery companies, Captain Crookshank's 
' rifles — these represented the city ; Captain Stockton's Port- 

* land rifles ; also companies of rifles from Pisarinco, Golden 

* Grove and Milkish, (Captain MacFarlane's Scottish company 
'were not out) — the whole force being under the command of 
' Lieutenant-Colonel Foster. After the review the troops, ac- 
'companied by the Courtenay Bay_ band, marched through 
'several of the streets, and in the evening Colonel Thurgar 
' gave the officers a luncheon at the Waverley House.' 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 99 

The report of the adjutant-general, Colonel Hayne, for i860 
expressed a high appreciation of the work which had been 
done. He advocated greater encouragement to rifle shooting 
by increasing the allowance of ammunition, and pointed out 
that the Canadian government allowed one hundred and forty 
rounds of ammunition annually to each company of artillery. 
Without such assistance as this they could not acquire a prac- 
tical knowledge of gunnery. During the year drill instructors 
had been loaned by the colonel of the 63rd regiment and a 
great deal had been achieved with their assistance, but he 
emphasized the necessity of ofificers qualifying themselves to in- 
struct their men. The report also shows the existence of the 
Woodstock company still under Captain Wetmore, one at 
Northumberland under Captain Carmichael, and one at St. 
John under Captain Richard Simonds. The latter as before 
stated scarcely had any potential existence as artillery. 



lOO HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER XL 
1861. 

Lecture hy Captain Hurcl Peters — New Officers — Prince Albert's 
Visit — Disobedience of Orders — Presentation of Colors — An Im- 
posing Ceremony — B. Lester Peters' Battery— The Muster Bolls — 
The ' Nippers' — T'he end of the Story. 



^IJ^HE first event of 1861 was the assembly of Captain Mc- 
\^ Lauchlan's (Carleton) company to the number of thirty- 
four, on January 21st for the purpose of making a 
presentation to their instructor, Corporal James Anderson of 
the R. A. The company was then styled ' Havelock Battery 
No. 6.' They went through the manual and firing exercises 
and formed in square when the presentation was made. An 
address was read by Sergeant William J. McCordock, and 
^was signed by himself, Wm. Browne, Fred. R. Linde and 
George F. Harding. The former is now an official of the 
public works department of Canada and the latter is an officer 
in the treasury department of the city of St. John. John A. 
Chesley, now M. P. for St. John, was then one of the bom- 
bardiers. 

A lecture was deliv^sred in the Mechanics' Institute on Feb- 
ruary 1 8th by Captain Hurd Peters upon " Our Volunteers." 
The subjects of the lecture attended in uniform, there being 
present the City, Carleton and Portland artillery companies, 
Pisarinco, Golden Grove and Milkish rifles, besides the city 
rifle companies of Captains MacFarlane, Crookshank and 
Travis. Lieutenant-Colonel Foster and other officers occupied 



N. R. GARRISON ARTILLERY. lOl 

the platform. Captain Peters, among other things, referred 
to the establishment of the 1793 company, and read the names 
from the original roll, remarking that ' every year since the 
' thunder of their guns might be heard on some national 
' holiday.' 

Changes were rapid in the Colville company. Captain 
Lewis Durant retired retaining his rank on i8th March, and 
on 13th April was succeeded by Lieutenant James G. Melick, 
who also retired with rank on the same day. This was fol- 
lowed by the promotion of Lieutenant Alex. Rankine, who 
had joined in the previous year. Wm. Frederick Deacon 
and Roger Hunter were also posted to the company as 
lieutenants. This company, says Captain Rankine, originally 
drilled in the Barrack Square, afterwards on King street (east), 
near St. John Presbyterian church. The guns were kept by 
Major Melick. Lieutenant Deacon had been in the British 
army and had served in the Crimea. He was very active in 
an important event, the procuring of the regimental colors, 
which is elsewhere recorded. 

The Queen's birthday was celebrated in much the usual 
manner, there being a review of the volunteers and a salute 
fired by the artillery. All the St. John companies turned out 
on this occasion, and for the first time appeared the company 
commanded by Captain B. Lester Peters, long known as the 
'Kid Glove battery.' 

On the 29th May H. R. H. Prince Alfred arrived at St. 
John from Halifax and spent a day in the city. On his de- 
parture on the morning of the 31st two companies of artillery 
fired a salute. The boys in blue apparently thought that some 
want of respect was evinced toward the Prince by their not 
being called out to do him honor and endeavored in their 



102 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

own way to supply the omission. The reason was, however, 
the recent death of the Duchess of Kent, mother of Her 
Majesty. A general order issued shortly afterwards informed 
the militia of St. John that His Royal Highness was fully 
aware, that the rest of the force only abstained from a demon- 
stration because of the order of the Commander in-Chief, and 
while His Excellency attributed to the excitement of the moment 
the partial disobedience of the order, evinced by the salute just 
mentioned, he assured the companies by whom the order was 
obeyed that their absence was attributable only to their sense 
of discipline and to their desire to show that in their military 
capacity they could be trusted to obey orders. The rebuke 
was rather caustic, and it may safely be assumed that the 
artillery never again disobeyed a general order. The punish- 
ment was moderate, however, compared with that which in later 
years was meted out to another St. John corps which disobeyed 
orders calling them out for duty. 

The annual inspection on 29th August w^as a very creditable 
affair. Colonel Thurgar commanded the parade and the 
volunteers were inspected by Major Rynd of H. M. 62nd 
Regiment. Captains Pick's and Hurd Peters' companies 
were put through their field gun drill by Lieutenant Macart- 
ney of the R. A., and are said to have acquitted themselves 
to his entire satisfaction. Captain B. Lester Peters' com- 
pany also performed garrison gun drill on that occasion in a 
manner reflecting great credit upon themselves. 

Hon. Arthur Hamilton Gordon, C. M. G., assumed office 
as Lieutenant-Governor of the province on 26th October, and 
among the gentlemen appointed as his aides-de-camp was Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Hayne. 

Tn this year, on 2nd September, Martin Hunter Peters, 



X. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I03 

M. D„ was gazetlfed lieutenant of Captain Adams' company, 
vice Geo. J. Stackhouse, resigned, and thus began the militia 
career of an accurate and enthusiastic officer. 

During the year the efforts of Lieutenant Deacon to obtain 
for the corps a set of colors had been very successful, and in 
December the silken trophies arrived from England. Their 
presentation to the regiment was an interesting and imposing 
event. The following is an account taken from a newspaper 
of the time : — 

The Colors recently procured in England for the New Bruns- 
wick Regiment of Artillery were presented at the Institute last 
evening (i8th December). The hall was filled to overflowing 
shortly after seven o'clock, and hundreds of people retired un- 
able to procure admittance. Large numbers of those present 
remained standing^ during the whole of the evening, it being 
impossible to obtain seats for all who gained admittance. 

The volunteers in and about the city attended in large force 
and made quite an interesting appearance. About eight o'clock 
Captain Rankine's company, carrying the colors furled, entered 
the hall and marched upon the platform, the City Band play- 
ing "British Grenadiers." The colors were then unfurled, the 
band playing " Rule Brittania." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Thurgar informed the audience that the 
colors were now to be presented in the name of the ladies of 
St. John, and he called upon Rev. Dr. Gray to consecrate 
them. 

The address of presentation was delivered, extempore, by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Gray. He spoke (an unusual thing for 
him) so low as to be heard quite indistinctly in the further 
part of the house. Addressing himself to the officers and men 
of the artillery he said that he was honored by the command 
of the ladies of the City and County to represent them on this 
occasion. What, he asked, is the purpose that has brought 
us together ? This banner (pointing to the dark blue banner) 
beautiful as it is, is but the product of the worm ; the work 
upon it is that of frail, though, perhaps, young and beautiful 
hands. Yet it lives, it moves, it is the embodiment of the 



I04 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

triumphs and glories of the arms of EnglanlS. This unstained 
banner of your country's honor is about to be committed to 
your care, are you prepared to receive it and maintain the 
purity of its unsulHed character ? It has waved triumphantly 
in Spain and France and India, in every quarter of the globe, 
and whether carried forward to glorious victory or borne back 
in honorable retreat, it has never been stained — on its folds 
no bar sinister shows it to have been disgraced. You, volun- 
teers, are not asked to carry this flag beyond the confines of 
your own province ; you are asked to stand by your own homes, 
to defend, if need be, those dear ones who look to you for 
support and protection. In the heart of every truly brave man 
there will be, I am sure, a warm response to the prayer made 
this evening, that the dark cloud which now hovers over our 
country may be averted ; but, if called upon, not one of you 
would hesitate to discharge your»duties as becomes men, in the 
face of danger, difficulty and death. In you are embodied the 
three great nations from which our forefathers came. Each of 
them has its peculiar characters. The Irishman is quick, fear- 
less, joyous and obedient. He fights with a light heart for he 
loves it ; his joyous temperament sustains him in many a try- 
ing situation, while his ready obedience to command impels 
him forward at the call of duty. 

The Scotchman fights for the love of home, one of the 
strongest feelings of his breast, and no matter what beautiful 
country or sunny land he may be in, no kindred appears to 
him like his own, no clan like his, and his heart ever recurs 
with warm feeling to the mossy heaths and barren moors of 
his native land, and for that land he sheds his blood with 
ready willingness. The Englishman fights because it is a duty 
he has to do. Gloomy, savage, almost relentless when face to 
face with the foe, he knows no shrinking and whether victorious 
or beaten, to him it is the same, he perseveres with equal 
determination. All are ready, as you should be, to maintain 
the integrity of that flag, under which he who seeks protection 
is sure to find- it or a nation to avenge his wrongs. Mr. Gray 
then alluded to the date, 1793, on the flags, commending the 
principles of the loyalists, and ended by asking the volunteers 
if they were prepared faithfully, manfully and fearlessly to pre- 
HTve the colors which were to be presented to them. 




THE COLORS AND TROPHIES OF THE CORPS. 
Jones Cup. Botsford Cup. Shoeburyness Cup. 

The three smaller Cups were the gift of G. J. Pine Esq., of I^ondon, Eng. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I05 

In response Lieutenant-Colonel Foster replied as follows : — 

Colonel Gray, — In the absence of Colonel Hayne. our com- 
manding officer, who was invited by the committee of arrange- 
ments to take his part in the ceremonies on this occasion, it 
becomes my duty, on behalf of the officers, non-commissioned 
officers and gunners of the New Brunswick Regiment of Artil- 
lery, to return their warmest thanks for the magnificent gift 
which they have this night received at the hands of Miss 
Gray from the ladies of the City and County of St. John. 

These colors come to our hands unstained. In their virgin 
purity, fresh from the hands of youth and innocence, we receive 
them ; most faithfully will we defend them, and whatever diffi- 
culties may arise, in consequence of the present most unhappy 
condition of political affairs on this continent, we shall endeavor 
with the blessing of Almighty God to transmit them to our 
successors untarnished. 

The nucleus of our regiment dates its organization from the 
4th day of May, 1793, ten short years subsequent to the land- 
ing of the loyalists, and was known as the Loyal Artillery. Its 
ranks, to the number of ninety-four, were filled by a body of 
Englishmen, Irishmen, Scotchmen and British Americans, com- 
prising the principal merchants and ship owners of the city at 
that period ; men of whose moral worth any community in the 
world might feel justly proud. Its first captain was John 
Colville, founder of the commercial firm of Crookshank & 
Johnston. Its first sergeant was the venerable and highly 
esteemed John Ward. 

Our vocations are those of peace. Our several duties and 
positions in life preclude that close application to the study of 
military affairs which is expected and required from those 
whose lives are devoted to the profession of arms, consequently, 
we should not be expected to possess that thorough knowledge 
of all those little niceties of military etiquette which are by 
some considered so essentially necessary. We are all willing 
and desirous to learn, and ready at all times to give a cheer- 
ful response to the order of our superior officer ; — none, other 
than weak minds, would smile at our imperfections ; and none 
but imbeciles would, under our peculiar circumstances, jeeringly 
apply to us the term unmilitary. 

When the honor of our Queen or the interests of our country 



Io6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THF: 

demand our active services, under the guiding hand of the 
Most High, those services will be rendered. The sacredness 
of our homes and the purity of our families must be preserved 
from the polluting touch of an invading foe. From our progen- 
itors we inherit those principles of loyalty and patriotism by 
which they were governed. As the descendants of Englishmen, 
Irishmen, Scotchmen, and British American Loyalists, we are 
proud of our nationality, and thank that merciful Providence 
who has made us the subjects of a Sovereign whose manifold 
virtues as daughter, wife, mother and queen, entitle her to the 
fullest confidence of all her subjects, as well as to the respect 
and admiration of the whole civilized world. 

Miss Gray then presented the flags to Lieutenant Hunter 
and Lieutenant M. H. Peters, the juniors of the regiment, 
simply saying that she made the presentation. 

The colors were then marched into the* ranks, the band 
playing "God Save the Queen," after which three rousing 
cheers were given for the Queen, three for the Lieutenant- 
Governor, and three for the New Brunswick Regiment of 
Artillery. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Thurgar thanked the Rev. Dr. Gray 
for his attendance and assistance. 

The "Queen's Color" is a Union Jack with the crown 
worked in floss, and 1793 beneath worked in figures of gold. 

The "Regimental Color" is a blue ensign — in the centre is 
a figure with the letters "New Brunswick" encircled by a 
wreath and surmounted with the crown, all beautifully wrought 
in floss, with 1793 in figures of gold beneath. Both colors are 
made of the heaviest and most costly description of silk, and 
as there is a total absence of paint of either color, they are 
calculated to do service for many years. 

An incidental reference has been made to Captain B. Lester 
Peters' battery. The history of this fine organization, of the 
memory of which the artillery and citizens are still proud, 
begins with an order of 25th March, 1 86 1, , transferring Lieu- 
tenant B. Lester Peters from the St. John City Mihtia to 
the N. B. R. A. as captain, for garrison gun duty. Previous 
to this, and in fact until the Fenian- trouble, there was prac- 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I07 

tically no garrison gun drill done by the regiment. Captain 
Peters' battery generally used the field pieces, but was the 
pioneer in the use of the heavier ordnance. The formation of 
the battery was accomplished under circumstances which need 
not be narrated. Suffice it to say that a number of men from 
Captain Pick's battery withdrew and became members of the 
new battery, and after approaching several other gentlemen, 
obtained B. Lester Peters as their commanding officer. It 
was a wise choice, and whatever may have been the feeling 
engendered at the time by what was termed the 'revolt,' it 
was productive of good to the N. B. R. A., which for nearly 
eight years had two splendid batteries whose efficiency was in- 
creased by rivalry. While Captain Peters' battery existed, it, as 
well as Captain Pick's, received deserved commendation from all 
quarters, military as well as civil, and the praise of one is no 
disparagement of the other. The rivalry, not friendly at first, 
which existed between the organizations was productive of a 
higher state of efficiency in both, and probably to-day the old 
members of the Prince of Wales battery are as proud as the 
survivors of the ' Kid Glove battery ' of the successes of the 
latter. With Captain Peters were associated Lieutenants R. R. 
Sneden, George E. Thomas and F. G. W. Lansdowne, all 
from Captain Pick's battery. The roll shows during its history 
the names of scores of young men, many of whom have made 
a reputation in after life. There was much about the person- 
ality of the captain to attract men. Tall, of commanding 
presence, with a regal air which seems to belong almost ex- 
clusively to a generation that has passed away, he appeared to 
men of the present day the embodiment of dignity and reserve. 
And yet his old comrades after pointing out the strictness of 
the discipline which he enforced, relate with fondness incidents 



■^ 



Io8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of the social meetings at which the 'Captain' unbent, and the 
zest with which he entered into the sport and merriment of 
the hour. After serving for upwards of a quarter of a century 
as Common Clerk of the city of St. John, an office for which 
he made traditions, he was elevated to the post of County 
Court Judge, which office he held until his death in 1894. 

Through great good fortune the rolls of his battery and the 
minute books of their meetings have been preserved. All bear 
the emphasis of his character. Exactness characterizes every 
entry and the records form a history. Among the secretaries 
of the battery is found I. Allen Jack, Esq., who, until a year 
ago, filled the important office of Recorder of St. John and 
left upon the history of that office an abiding influence and 
power that will, like his captain's record, remain long after the 
memory of his day has faded. 

The meetings of which such a record was kept are from 
1862 to 1864 when the new militia law removed the self gov- 
erning feature of the organization. The minutes of that period, 
however, breathe in their brief chronicle of events a reverence 
which amounts to affection for the 'captain.' It was well that 
Captain B. Lester Peters never had a successor, for those 
qualities which marked his leadership are rare among men. 

There are humorous incidents, too, which are told by old 
members who are now no longer 'the boys.' One in particular 
is well worth relating. The captain's thoroughness in discipline 
had caused him to lecture the battery on the unsoldierliness 
of turning out of the way to avoid a bad spot on the street. 
The boys treasured the lecture and waited an opportunity to 
show their appreciation of it. It soon came. Ordered down 
to the Barracks for drill one day the leading files noticed a 
trench cut more than half way across the road, and directly 




Hon. B. I^ester Peters, 
(Ivate Judge St. John County Court.) 



X. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I09 

in the line of march. A man was in it plying the pick and 
shovel vigorously, and had piled up large mounds of stiff brick 
cky on either side of the excavation. The battery was in 
charge of Lieutenant Sneden, and the captain was at a 
distance walking with some friends, and for once not paying 
any attention to his battery. One of the leading men was the 
late paymaster of our corps, George F. Smith. He and his 
comrades kept their direction perfectly and leaped over the 
trench causing the loose clay to fall in on the poor laborer, 
who got out as quickly as possible. File after file leaped over 
tumbling the clay in until the trench was nearly full. Not a 
man was so unsoldierly as to turn out of the way. The cap- 
tain's lecture was duly heeded, and probably no one better 
enjoyed the joke than he. 

The following is a transcript of the roll book. It appears 
from the minutes that there must have been an earlier roll in 
1 86 1, but it can not be found. A footnote gives the additions 
so far as they can be gathered. 

19th May, 1862 : 

Captain — B. Lester Peters, barrister-at-law. 
First Lieutenafits — Robert R. Sneden, merchant. 

George E. Thomas, accountant. 
Second Lieutenant — Frank G. Lansdowne, clerk. 
Sergeant- Major — W. Albert Lockhart, merchant. 
Sergeants — P. Robertson Inches, druggist. 
G. Lawrence Foster, merchant. 
James F. Robertson, merchant's clerk. 
Corporals — F. Gallagher, clerk. 

F. A. W. Davidson, attorney's clerk. Resigned 

13th April, 1863. 
S. K. Foster, jr., merchant. 
Bombardier — W. Street Berton, accountant. Resigned 13th 
April, 1863. 



no HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Gunners — Robert D. Davis, clerk. Resigned 1863. 
C. G. Berryman, merchant. 
John C. Miles, manufacturer. 
R. V. Bonnell, clerk. Resigned 12th Oct., 1863. 
Matthew Stead, jr., architect. 
Joseph Allison, clerk. 
William H. Crozier, clerk. 
Andrew W. Davis, clerk. 

G. DuVernett Lee, clerk. Died Feb'y i6th, 1863. 
Bombardier -~]r\o. Yi, Morehouse, clerk. Struck off roll 12 th 

October, 1863. 
Gunners — Charles R. Reed, clerk. 
G. F. Ring, clerk. 

W, Colebrooke Perley, student-at-law. 
John Cameron, clerk. 
Charles H. Whittaker, clerk. 
Edward Jones, student-at-law. Resigned — promoted 

to commission Portland battery. 
Dawson Hayward, printer. 
T. R. Wheelock, clerk. Left province. 
John C. McKean, civil engineer. Resigned. Com- 
missioned in Engineer corps. 
W. H. Carman, merchant. 

A. Chamberlain, accountant. Resigned 8th Feb- 
ruary, 1864. Left province. 
Bombardier — George F. Smith, clerk. 
Gunners — A. W. Peters, clerk. Resigned. 

Charles Campbell, accountant. Resigned. Com- 
missioned in Volunteer Battalion. 

F. Whelpley, clerk. Left province. 
H. E. Stickney, agent. 

Charles U. Hanford, agent 
J. Fred. Seely, gentleman. 

G. Clowes Carman, accountant. 
S. J. King, clerk. 

Charles H. Chandler, student-at-law. Struck off 
roll 1 2th October, 1863. 

John H. Parks, civil engineer. Resigned. Pro- 
moted to commission Engineer Corps. 

A. M. Saunders, photographer. Left Province. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. Ill 

Gunners — J. Fred Lawton, mechanic. 

W. P. Ritchie, student-at-law. 

H. Machattie, clerk. Left Province. 

W. E. Vroom, clerk. 

Robert S. Besnard, clerk. Left Province. 

R. Poyntz, merchant's clerk. Left Province. 

J. R. Smith, clerk. 

A. Cowie, clerk. Died 4th April, 1864. 

James W. Milledge, clerk. 

9th June, 1862 : 

Gumier~K. Brooks Peters, student-at-law. 

nth August : 

Gunners — C. Fred Langan, mechanic. 
L Allen Jack, gentleman. 
A. Winniett Peters, clerk. 
J. L. Bunting, clerk. 

1 6th October, 1862 : 

Gunners — W. H. Merritt, clerk. 

W. W. Jones, merchant's clerk. 
F. W. Wisdom, clerk. 

George Johnston, clerk. Struck off roll 12 th Oc- 
tober, 1863. 
H. W. Baldwin, agent. 
Stanley Boyd, student-at-law. 
Robertson, 

8th December, 1862 : 

Gunfier — Robert Matthew. 

9th February, 1863 : 

Gunners — John Simonds, gentleman. 

Vernon Nicholson, customs house clerk. 

8th June, : 

Gunners — Wm. Lee, 

Hamilton Hazlewood. 

12 th October, : 

Qunner — Henry Stewart, merchant's clerk. * 

nth January, 1864 : 

Gunner —\)2iy\dL D. Robertson, merchant's clerk. 



112 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

8th February : 

Gunners — John J. Daley, law student. 
Joseph B. Stubbs, clerk. 
James Sullivan, musician. 
Albert S. Hay, silversmith. 

January, 1866 : 

Gunners — John T. C. McKean, architect. 
Samuel K. Wilson, surveyor. 
R. H. Arnold, clerk. 

26th March : 

Gunners — Thomas Lister, clerk. 
M. Chamberlain, clerk. 
W. M. Burns, clerk. 
James J. Grahame, clerk. 
Barclay Boyd, clerk. 
Alfred B. Sheraton, clerk. 
Arthur B. Perley, student. 
Chas. McLauchlan, jr., clerk. 
P. Reid Disbrow, clerk. 
J. Russell Armstrong. 
H. D. Troop, clerk. 
Daniel Jordan, jr., law student. 
J. M. Kinnear, gentleman. 
J. M. Robinson, jr., clerk. 
Joseph S. Fairweather, clerk. 
F. V. McLaughlin, clerk. 
Peter P. Clarke, clerk. 
Lewis D. Millidge, clerk. 
Thomas Millidge, student-at-law. 
James Beveridge, student-at-law. 
John McLauchlan, clerk. 

31st March : 

Gunners — Fred H. Barteaux, druggist's clerk. 

Geo. N. Robinson, jr., druggist's clerk. 

2nd April : 

Gunners — John H. Thomson, clerk. 

Fred M. Robinson, student. 
A. R. Ferguson, clerk. 
W. S. Livingstone. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. TT3 

9th April : 

Gunners — Andrew D. Robertson, clerk. 
Arthur W. Lovett. 
13th April : 

Gunner — Gideon K. Wetmore, clerk. 
1 6th April : 

Gunners — G. L. Robinson. 

F. O. Allison, clerk. 
1 8th April : 

Gtmner — Geo. K. Berton. 
19th April : 

Gunners — Edwin Berton. 

Richard Tremaine, merchant. Resigned and dis- 
charged. Left the Province 1866. 
I St May : 

Gunner — Warwick Street, clerk. 
19th May : 

Gunner — Robert P. Wetmore, clerk. 
29th June : 

Gunner — B. O. Kinnear, clerk. 
8th May, 1867 : 

Gunfter — J. B. Gregory, clerk. 
9th July: 

Gunner — J. M. Dick, clerk. 
24th July: 

Gunner — Geo. F. Anderson. 
26th July : 

Gunner — R. R. Cunningham, dentist. 
9th September : 

Gunner — George B. Hegan, clerk. 
6th April, 1868: 

Gunner— Thos. A. Chipman, clerk. 
26th June : 

Gunner — Jas. S. Kaye. 

From the minutes the following appear to have been mem- 
bers anterior to the making up of the 1862 roll: Gunners, E. 

G. ScoviL, Hammond, W. L. Magee, Z. R. Everett, 

C. A. HoLSTEAD ; Corporal, J. P. Perkins ; Gunners, J. R. 



114 historical records of the 

Calhoun, G. F, Munroe, G. E. Thorne, Geo. N. Robinson, 
G. Fred Sancton, H. D. Troop (Mr. Troop joined later on), 
H. Hanselpeck:er, Henry Rainnie, C. D. Thompson, Simeon 
Phillips, Geo. Mason, jr., and Geo. McDonald. 

The names of John Taylor, E. N. Stewart, George 
Flewelling, Sidney Patterson, James Manchester, S. W. 
Lee, Wm. Fleming, Henry F. Perley, Ingersoll Brown, 
F. S. Hanford, Jer. Drake and Henry Kendall were ac- 
cepted. They are not on the roll and do not appear to have 
been struck off any previous roll. The inference is that they 
were accepted as members but never joined the battery. 

The meeting for organization was held January 4, 1861, in 
the parlor of No 5 Engine house, Germain street. Richard 
D. Davis was secretary and W. A. Lockhart, treasurer. In 
March they changed to Union Hall, Horsfield street and elected 
W. A. Lockhart, ist, Peter R. Inches, 2nd, and Geo. L. 
Foster, 3rd sergeant. S. K. Foster, jr., was also chosen 
third bombardier. On the i8th May they fired a salute of 
nineteen guns with the Royal Artillery ordnance at the bar- 
racks. At the 24th May parade of that year they fell in on 
the right of the rifle companies, forty-two strong; 'having,' 
says the record, ' no rifles to carry or cannon to use.' Captain 
Peters gave a dinner at the Waverley hotel in the evening. 

The men got their rifles on ist July. In the next March 
Bombardier Gallagher became corporal and W. S. Berton 
bombardier. On the 9th of that month the battery was visited 
at its drill room, then in the Wiggins building, Johnston's 
wharf, by Lieutenant-Colonel Foster and Major Melick. 
Gunner Edward Jones was called to the front and presented 
with the Prince of Wales medal by Lieutenant-Colonel Foster. 

On 14th July, 1862, Sergeant Lockhart became sergeant- 



N B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. II 5 

major ; Corporal Robinson, sergeant ; Bombardiers Davidson 
and S. K. Foster, corporals ; George F. Smith and John 
Morehouse became bombardiers. 

The battery, at a meeting on September 9th, passed resolu- 
tions of regret upon the death of an honorary member who 
had befriended them, Mr. Moses H. Perley, H. M. Commis- 
sioner of British North American Fisheries, who had died on 1 7th 
August at Forteau, I^brador. On May nth, 1863, the thanks 
of the battery were^ returned to the captain for the presentation 
of a bugle and trumpet to them, and on the succeeding i8th 
royal salutes were fired at King Square at 6 a. m. and at 
Reed's point at noon. A little later in the month, at request 
of Judge Wilmot, two detachments drilled for his inspection. 
In this year J. Fred Seely and W. C. Perley became bom- 
bardiers: Bombardier Chamberlain, corporal, was succeeded on 
his leaving the city by Bombardier Seely, and we read on 14th 
March, 1864, that the "Captain had much pleasure in accept- 
ing the picture of the ' Nippers ' presented to him by No. i 
detachment." The 'Nippers' were a gun detachment famous 
for their celerity and precision, and their efficiency has never 
been excelled by any detachment of the regiment or brigade. 

On 1 8th April Sergeant Inches became sergeant-major ; Cor- 
poral Foster, a sergeant ; Bombardier Perley, corporal. Gun- 
ners Reed and Cameron, bombardiers. Then on 13th June, 
we read that, proposed by Gunner Langan, Joseph B. Stubbs 
was accepted as a member, and the pleasant record told by 
secretaries R. D. Davis, A. Chamberlain, I. Allen Jack 
and R. Broqks Peters comes to a close. 

Years afterwards, on the 2nd July, 1869, the 'members and 
friends of No. 2 Battery St. John Volunteer Artillery,' to the num- 
ber of forty, sat down to dine at Stubb's Hotel. Captain, then 



Il6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel B. Lester Peters was presented 
with a handsome silver cup, engraved with his arms and motto, 
' Sans Dieu Rien^' and bearing this inscription : " Presented to 
Captain Benjamin Lester Peters by the officers, non-com- 
missioned officers and gunners of late No. 2 Battery New 
Brunswick Regiment of Artillery of St. John, New Brunswick, 
1869." George F. Smith presided and L Allen Jack filled 
the vice chair. An address was read by the latter to which 
the captain responded, and after which, in the early morning, 
the old battery fell into marching order and escorted the cap- 
tain home. And thus the record ends. 




A. CHAMBERLAIN. G. L. FOSTF.K, J. FRED SEELV, JOHN CAMEROX, 

K. FOSTER. Jr. J. L. Br.NTix ;, F. w. Wi.sDOM. William C. Lee. 



J. Fred Lawtox. 



THIE ira»i>Eits. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. II 7 



CHAPTER XIT. 

1862-1864. 

The Trent Afair — Arrival of Troops at Saint John — Service of the 
Artillery — The New Militia Act — Changes in Officers — Prince of 
Wales' Cup Won by Gunner Jones — Boll of Portland Battery. 



TN the latter days of 1861 there was a change of governors 
I in New Brunswick,- Hon. Mr. Manners-Sutton being 
replaced by Hon. Arthur Gordon. The departing gover- 
nor received a salute from the guns of Rankine's company on 
the 22nd October, and his successor was received by a full 
militia display in which the Rothesay, Renfrew, Queen's Own 
Rifles and City Guards took part on behalf of the infantry, 
while HuRD Peters, Rankine and B. Lester Peters' bat- 
teries fired a salute. At the Court House the troops were 
drawn up in a square and Lieutenant-Colonel Thurgar read 
an address from the volunteers to His Excellency. The gover- 
nor was in the uniform of a Scotch volunteer company, having 
been quite prominent in that movement in Scotland. 

A despatch from Boston on the 12th December threw the 
province into a state of great excitement. It announced the 
now historic news of the stopping of the British mail steamer 
Trent by the U. S. S. San Jacinto under Captain Wilkes, 
and the taking from her of Mason and Seidell, the com- 
missioners of the Southern confederacy. The Trent was on 
her way from Havana to St. Thomas and was stopped by force 
on 8th November, searched, and the commissioners seized. 
British indignation was at the fever point. The provincial 



Il8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

sympathy had largely been with the Southerners, and this 
made the feeling more intense. By. the middle of December 
a royal messenger, bearing a demand for the return of the 
commissioners,. reached Washington. Troops were despatcl\ed 
to Caaada as rapidly as they could be got on board the ships, 
and by New Year's, 1862, were landing at Halifax and St. 
John. At that season of the year the St. Lawrence was frozen 
and the regiments had to be sent to Upper Canada through 
New Brunswick. The new governor issued a proclamation on 
28th December, requesting members of the volunteer companies 
to offer their services as a fatigue party available for duty on 
the arrival of H. M. troops. From fifty to eighty men were re- 
quired. His Excellency assured the volunteers of the impor- 
tance which would be attached to this service and thanked 
those who had that day been on duty at the Barracks. These 
were from the artillery under Captains Peters and Rankine. 
The same newspaper which contained the proclamation had 
also a despatch stating that the United States had agreed to 
surrender Mason and Seidell, and this, of course, was an 
assurance that peace would be preserved. In the meantime 
the north wing of the Custom House, the Temperance Hall on 
Sidney street, Railway Car Shed, Madras School, Varley School, 
Lower Cove Market House, new Police Office and Watch 
House, Cudlip's Building, on Princess street, and Trinity Church 
Sunday-school, were being fitted up as sleeping shelters for the 
troops which were daily expected by the steamers Cleopatra^ 
Adriatic^ Parana and Australasian. 

The volunteers readily assumed the work of fatigue duty. 
The whole force was addressed on January 3rd, in the Mechanics' 
Institute, by Governor Gordon, who pointed out the necessity 
and advantage of a well organized militia and made a most 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. II9 

fervent and patriotic appeal to the people. By the loth Feb- 
ruary the troops were all en route from St. John, having been 
dined and lionized most heartily by an enthusiastic people. 
All danger was over and the ordinary duties of life were re- 
sumed by our artillerymen who had learned much of practical 
value by their intercourse with the troops and their fatigue 
duty. All who assisted in the debarkation and reception of 
the troops were thanked by a general order. 

On February loth despite very cold weather Captain Pick's 
company met at the rifle range, Gunner Henry Boulton win- 
ning a medal offered by the captain. 

In this year Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne became quartermaster- 
general, his term of office as adjutant-general having expired, 
and the following general order was issued under date of ist 
January : — 

"His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief cannot permit Lieu- 
" tenant-Colonel Hayne to retire from the office of adjutant- 
" general, which he has so long filled, without expressing his 
" thanks for the zeal and assiduity with which he has discharged 
"the onerous duties of that office. His unremitting attention 
"to the welfare and discipHne of the militia calls for His Ex- 
" cellency's warmest approbation, and the sincere gratitude of 
"all those who desire the efficiency of that force. 

" His Excellency feels certain that Lieutenant-Cfilonel Hayne 
"will carry to the discharge of the duties of the responsible 
" office he now holds, the same zealous devotedness and single- 
"ness of purpose which he has always shown as adjutant- 
" general." 

A new militia act was passed this year which provided for 
the organization of a force on principles which are embodied 
in the present Militia and Defence Act of Canada. By it the 
male population between eighteen and sixty years of age liable 
to bear arms was divided into two classes, the active and the 



120 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

sedentary militia. The latter was not required to drill in time 
of peace. The active militia was further divided into three 
classes : class A, consisting of volunteers ; class B, unmarried 
men and widowers without children; class C, married men and 
widowers with children. 

There were to be drilled annually one thousand men for a 
period of six days, and should that number not be filled by 
volunteers it was to be made up by a draft from the next 
class. Volunteers could not quit their companies without two 
months' notice, and their engagement required two years' ser- 
vice, though, as at present, under ordinary circumstances a 
discharge could always be obtained. 

Previous to the passing of the act, as has been shown the 
associations for drill were purely voluntary, and though they 
had the sanction of the law, yet were without its compulsion. 
A system of company internal government had grown up, no 
doubt in part adopted from the English volunteer model and 
in part an evolution of local requirements. To preserve this 
spirit of self-government a number of rules were collected and 
published with a view to their adoption, so far as might be 
expedient by the organizations then to be formed. They pro- 
vided for the classification of company members into enrolled 
members, sub-divided into effectives and non-effectives, and 
honorary members who contributed to the funds of a company 
but were not enrolled for service. The companies voted on 
the admission of members subject to the veto of the command- 
ing officer. There was a secretary and treasurer, the captain 
always acting as president. The secretary was generally re- 
quired to call a meeting of the company upon the requisition 
of five members, but the company could not deal with any 
(juestion of discipline. In recommending the appointment of 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLKRY. 121 

officers the commanding officer was to recommend as far as pos- 
sible such persons as would be agreeable to the company, but 
the responsibility rested with him. This was a departure from 
the old system of electing oflFcers. It is apparent that there 
was much of merit in such an organization, as it recognized 
distinctly the social life of the volunteer and combined it with 
his military services. No better reason can be assigned for the 
remarkable esprit de corps which characterized the provincial 
forces at this period, and as time runs on the old idea seems 
again to be gaining ground, so that before many years we may 
again, in city corps at least, have a revival of the volunteer 
system and the voluntary spirit. 

Owing to the legal change in the status of the militia, the 
commander-in-chief directed circulars to be forwarded to all 
militia bodies, asking whether or not they desired the accept- 
ance of their services under the new act. The companies 
commanded by Captains Hurd Peters, John McLauchlan, 
B. Lester Peters and George H. Pick were accepted on 
23rd June, and Captain Adams' company, then under Lieu- 
tenant Martjn Hunter Peters on 8th July, the latter officer 
being promoted to a captaincy on nth July. Captain Adams 
remained unattached until 1863, when he retired retaining 
rank. Captain and Adjutant Mount was appointed enrolling 
officer for the eastern district of St. John city. In Captain 
McLauch LAN's company Lieutenant Knight retired, being 
succeeded by Second Lieutenant McLachlan, and Sergeant 
McCordock was promoted to the vacancy. In October Cap- 
tain Travis was transferred to the Queen's Co. militia infan- 
try, and promotions were made in his artillery company, the 
services of which, under Captain F. L. Knox, were accepted 
in December. At the same time a Fredericton company, 



122 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

under Captain E. W. Chestnut, was enrolled. In the previous 
month the company at St. John under Lieutenant Deacon 
was accepted, Samuel R. Thomson having become captain. 
This gentleman was one of the most celebrated members of 
the New Brunswick bar, and was induced to command the 
company for his social prestige and influence. Lieutenant 
Deacon remained in the service. 

Owing to the recent death, 1861, of the Prince Consort, 
Her Majesty directed that there should be no public obser- 
vation of her birthday, so by proclamation the 20th June was 
substituted as a public holiday. 

Six batteries, under Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, were in- 
spected on 24th October by the Lieutenant-Governor, Colonel 
Cole, 15th Regiment, and Captain Smyth, R. A. They were 
those of Captains Pick, Hurd Peters, McLauchlan, B. Les- 
ter Peters, M. H. Peters, and Thomson (then commanded 
by Lieutenant Deacon). Those of Captain Pick and B. L. 
Peters were very highly commended in the report which states 
that the gun drill of the regiment was good, though company 
movements were deficient. Some members of almost every 
battery were not in uniform. By general order the pattern of 
artillery uniform previously in use was retained. Dress regu- 
lations, in detail, were issued in the following year. 

During 1862 Governor Gordon visited many parts of the 
province and received numerous addresses. Volunteers of the 
present day may take warning from the experience of the com- 
panies at Richibucto, who followed the prevailing custom and 
tendered the governor a parchment scroll of eulogistic charac- 
ter. He told them that as this was their first offence he would 
overlook it and accept the address, but warned them and all 
other militia men not to pursue the custom. The right to 



N. P. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 23 

praise, he said, implied the right to blame, and as discipline 
forbade the censure of an officer by those under his command, 
the right to praise was impliedly taken away. It must be re- 
membered that the Lieutenant-Governor was, in those days, 
Commander-in-Chief of the militia. 

It does not seem clear that the Woodstock company en- 
rolled under the new act, but the commissions of the officers 
remained in force and promotions at a later date were founded 
upon them. Captain A. K. S. WetmorE retired with the rank 
of major after long and useful service. 

In the rifle competitions of this year Gunner Edward Jones, 
of Captain B. Lester Peters' company won the Prince of 
Wales cup. Gunner W. Morgan, of Captain Hurd Peters' 
and Gunner J. L. Bunting of Captain B. Lester Peters*, 
each won government silver medals. Gunner Jones was a son 
of the sheriff of Charlotte county. On the return of the winner 
from Fredericton he was royally received at Indiantown by the 
battery and with Captain Peters driven in a barouche to his 
home. 

March loth, 1863, the day of the wedding of the Prince of 
Wales, was observed by salutes fired by Captain Pick's battery 
from King Square ; Captain Thomson's, from Queen Square ; 
Captain B. L. Peters,' Reed's Point ; Captain M. H. Peters,' 
flagstaff, Brooks Ward, Carleton ; Captain McLauchlan's, flag- 
staff, Guys Ward, Carleton ; Captain Hurd Peters,' Fort Howe. 
The usual salutes were fired on the Queen's birthday, and on 
24th June, Captain M. H. Peters' battery fired a salute at 
the laying of the corner stone of Carleton City Hall. 

The Prince of Wales cup did not come to the artillery in 
this year, but Gunner Jones won the second prize, a gold 
watch, while in a local competion Gunner Bunting, of 



124 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



B. L. Peters', and G. J. Coster, of Captain McLauchlan's 
battery, each won a silver medal. There was a grand review 
at Torryburn on 25th September at which the artillery and all 
Other forces acquitted themselves creditably They were ac- 
companied on this occasion by Captain Morris' battery of 
Royal Artillery. 

There was not the same ecla. attending the reviews of that 
portion of the active militia which was not enrolled in the 
volunteer companies. By an absurd provision in the law they 
were called out for one day's drill in each year. Of course 
they formed the butt for all who chose to jeer, and the des- 
criptions in the newspapers of the time are most ludicrous. 
No training was given or could be attempted and these farces 
served simply for the enrolment of the men. 

During the year Captain Hurd Peters retired from the 
command of the Portland battery, which he had brought into 
existence and which had been very successful under his charge. 
He was succeeded in command by Lieutenant Simonds, 
who had been gazetted 27th April. Lieutenants Kirk and 
Rankin also retired and Gunner Edward Jones, of B. L. 
Peters' battery and Richard Farmer obtained commissions 
in the battery. 

Captain Knox's battery at Gagetown went out of service. 
Captain Chestnut's at Fredericton was strengthened by the 
appointment of Geo. C. Peters and John M. Stratton as 
lieutenants. The latter was drowned in the Saxby gale of 
1869. Lieutenant Quinton was also transferred from Captain 
M. H. Peters' battery to the county militia. 

The remarks of Lieutenant Jago, R. A., who inspected the 
artillery at St. John on September loth, were very complimen- 
tary. Without underrating the other batteries he particularly 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 25 

commended B. Lester Peters' battery both for their smart 
and soldier-like appearance on parade, and also for their general 
efficieacy in their duties. 

The first militia order of 1864 appointed Captain B. Lester 
Peters provincial aid-de-camp vice Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne, 
resigned. The following extract from the minutes of that officer's 
battery at a meeting held nth January is interesting: 

"On motion of Gunner Jack, seconded by Sergeant Geo. 
" Foster, Corporal Chamberlain was called to the chair, who 
" conveyed to Captain B. Lester Peters the congratulations 
" of the battery on occasion of His Excellency the Commander- 
" in-Chief having been pleased to appoint him to be provincial 
"aid-de-camp vice Lieutenant-Colonel R. Hayne, resigned. 

" The Captain then thanked the battery for their congratu- 
"lations, stating among other things 'that his duties as provincial 
"aid-de-camp would not interfere with his position as their 
"captain.' This announcement was received with reiterated 
"cheering." 

Let the minutes of i8th April tell of another promotion : 

"Captain announced that Sergeant-Major Lockhart had 
"been appointed quartermaster of the New Brunswick Regi- 
"ment of Artillery. Captain promoted Sergeant Inches to be 
" sergeant-major of the battery. Corporal Foster to be sergeant, 
" and Bombardier Perley to be corporal. On motion of 
" Sergeant-Major Inches, seconded by .Gunner Vroom, — It was 
"resolved that while this battery have heard with pleasure of 
"the promotion of their former sergeant-major, W. Albert 
"Lockhart, to the post of quartermaster of tHe regiment, they 
"regret the loss of his immediate connection with the battery. 
" His long association with it, dating from its first formation, 
"the interest which he has always shown in its affairs and the 
"volunteer movement generally, as well as the high qualities 
"as a companion and associate which he has shown have 
"gained him their esteem and respect, and they therefore here- 
" by unanimously elect him an honorary member of this 
"battery." 



126 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The new sergeant-major is now Dr. P. R. Inches of Saint 
John, and W. A. Lockhart was from 1889 to 1891 mayor of 
that city. Dr. Inches' brother, Keir Inches, was in 1838 a 
member of Captain, now Sir John C. Allen's company at 
Fredericton, and was drowned on 19th July of that year while 
on duty. The regiment erected a tombstone to his memory. 

In 1864 Captain John McLauchlan was succeeded by 
Thomas M. McLachlan ; Captain E. W. Chestnut and 
John Simonds also retired. The Portland battery's officers be- 
came, captain, Richard Farmer; lieutenant, Wm. Cunard, and 
second lieutenant, George Garby. Second Lieutenant F. G. 
W. Lansdowne of Captain B. L. Peters' battery was given 
the rank of first lieutenant, practically a brevet rank. Jacob 
D. Underhill was appointed second lieutenant in Captain 
Pick's battery, and Lieutenants Shannon and Taylor retired. 
Christopher Murray came into Captain S. R. Thomson's 
battery as first lieutenant, and Roger Hunter was promoted 
to the same rank. W. W. Street was also appointed second 
lieutenant. 

Captain Pick's battery exhibited a great deal of social ac- 
tivity during the year. In February they had a ' tea soiree ' 
in Smith's building, which was apparently a very enjoyable 
affair, and in November held an assembly in Ritchie's building, 
an event which seems to have given a great deal of pleasure. 

The Portland battery held a ball in the old Temperance 
Hall on 25th February. The advertisement shows the com- 
mittee to have been Edward Jones, Richard Farmer, 
Thomas Scott, Wm. McKenzie, Geo. Kennedy, P. M. 
Parkinson, Wm. Barron, Wm. Ewing, Thos. Clark, John 
Lord, James . McConnell, Matthew Mitchell, Geo. Carr, 
James McIntyre. Wm. Cathcart was secretary. 



X. H. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 



27 



The muster roll of Captain Farmer's battery for 1864 is 
still extant. The following are the names : 



Thos. Scott, 
\Vm. McKenzie, 
Geo. Kennedy, 
Jas. Napier, 
P. M. Parkinson, 
\Vm. Hamilton, 
Wm. Morgan, 
Wm. Court, 
Thos. E. Andrews, 
James McConnell, 
William Cathcart, 
John Reed, 
Caleb Belyea, 
John B. Riley, 
Abel Hieben, 
Frederick McKenzie, 
Chas. Napier, 
Walter Starkie, 
John Y. Lord, 
Geo. Sturks, 
Jas. Mclntyre, 
Wm. Connor, 
Matthew Mitchell, 



Tobias Armstrong, 
John Andrews, 
William Laughery, 
John Young, 
Benj. Logan, 
Henry Buchanan, 
Robt. McClintock, 
Richard Gillespie, 
John Cunningham, 
Jas. S. Morgan, 
William Barron, 
William Taylor, 
George Tabor, 
Robt. Scott, 
Andrew Johnston, 
Robt. J. Patterson, 
John Stratton, 
Alex. McDougall, 
William Farrell, 
Herman Tapley, 
Geo. Young, 
John Y. McDermott, 
Henry Thos. Godsoe, 



Jas. Dunlop, 
Joseph Lee, 
John Vincent, 
James Elliott, 
James Boyd, 
Thomas Sullivan, 
James McKenzie, 
William Campbell, 
Joseph Mclntire, 
Thos. Morgan, 
James M. Powers, 
Samuel Murphy, 
Henry J. Pratt, 
Oliver A. Boles, 
Thos. Nixon, 
J. Ewing, 
William Allan, 
Joseph Saunders, 
John A. Ruddock, 
Thos. Godsoe, 
Uriah Belyea, 
John F. Case, 
William Logan. 



On the visit of the delegates from Upper Canada, who were 
viewing the land previous to confederation, a salute was fired 
at Fredericton by Captain Berton's battery. In August 
Lieutenant-Colonel Crowder, adjutant-general, resigned and 
was succeeded by Colonel Thomas Anderson, of St. John 
Volunteer Battalion, who was formerly a captain in the 78th 
Highlanders. 

The artillery of St. John to the number of one hundred and 
fifty, under Captains Pick, B. L. Peters, McLachlan and 
Farmer, were reviewed on September 22nd, at King square, 



128 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 

by the new adjutant-general who presented to Gunner Bunting 
the medal for rifle shooting which he had won in 1863. 

In general orders of 12th October His Excellency thanked 
Captain Saunders, of Hampton Troop of Cavalry, Lieutenant 
Murray, of N. B. R. A., and Captain Beer, Kings County 
Militia, for the tenders of service of their respective commands 
for camp duty during the annual rifle competition, which had 
been accepted. He also congratulated Lieutenant-Colonel 
Foster on having under his command a battery so admirable 
in drill and discipline as that of Captain Picks, and regretted 
that circumstances did not permit his acceptance of the offer 
of Captain Farmer to bring his men to camp for duty at their 
own expense. 



I^iEUT. Colonel F. K. Foster. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 29 



CHAPTER XIII. 

I865-I868. 

Utimors of a Fenian Invasion — A Bun on the Savings Bank — Meas- 
ures for Defence — Artillery Under Arms — An Alarm — ' Court 
Martialed and Shot' — Thanks from the Governor — Confederation 
— End of the Colville Company. 



QFEW changes of subordinate officers occurred in 1865, 
which are noted in the appendix of battery succession 
lists, and one battery, that of Captain McLachlan, 
Carleton, was disbanded for non-attendance at drill. In this 
year Lieutenant-Colonel Hayne, who had since 1838 had the 
title of command, though the more active duties were performed 
by Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, was promoted to the 
rank of colonel commandant, and Stephen Kent Foster at- 
tained to the subtantive rank of lieutenant-colonel. In this 
year, too. Captain George J. Maunsell, 15th Regiment, be- 
came adjutant-general of the province, a gentleman who for 
nearly a third of a century has been in close connection with 
our forces, and whose soldierly qualities combined with affability 
and kindness have endeared him to all who have sought his 
counsel or obeyed his commands. Besides an inspection of 
Captain Pick's battery in January by Major Melick, the holding 
of some quadrille assemblies by the men, at one of which 
Gunner William McAfee was presented with a medal won 
for rifle shooting, and the usual 24th of May salute, there is 
nothing of local incident to chronicle in this year. The whole 
regiment was ordered into camp in July at Fredericton, and 



130 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 

though the report is satisfactory no details are given. St. John 
was visited in May by General Sir F. Williams, the hero of 
Kars, who, on his departure, received a farewell salute from 
B. Lester Peters' battery. 

The year 1866 was destined to try the mettle of the volun- 
teer force throughout Canada. For some months rumors of a 
Fenian rising had been current, and as this year approached 
they seemed to take more definite shape. The first two months, 
however, were quiet enough. Under the new militia act of 
1865 Captain Thomson's battery was once more re-organized, 
Lieutenant Christopher Murray becoming captain, with Ser- 
geant Stephen Kent Foster, jr., as lieutenant. At Saint 
Andrews, where the artillery had died out, a new battery was 
formed in January under 

Captain^ Henry Osburn, 

Lieutenant^ Thos. T. Odell, 

Second Lieutenant, Walter B. Morris. 

This battery performed some interesting service a few months 
later. John R. Smith, of Captain B. L. Peters' battery, ob- 
tained a commission as second lieutenant in Captain Pick's 
battery, which he resigned later in the year. Early "in March 
newspaper items that the bonds of ' The Irish Republic ' were 
being offered for sale in New York and other cities of the 
United States began to excite alarm. Agitators known as 
* Head Centres ' addressed largely attended meetings across the 
border, and the feeling grew that the descent of the troops 
which they were gathering would be upon the coast of New 
Brunswick. Popular imagination fixed the probable date for 
invasion as St. Patrick's day, and so great was the excitement 
that there was a run on the Savings Bank at St. John. Cir- 
culars, purporting to come from a republican committee in the 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I3I 

city, were twice secretly distributed about the streets, calling 
on the citizens to rise, and assuring them that these 'republi- 
cans' had the sympathy of the Fenians and a part of the 
militia. The British and local governments made preparation 
and the drill rooms were closed to all but volunteers. On the 
loth March in the House of Assembly Mr. Wilmot asked the 
attorney-general if the government intended sending volunteers 
to Campobello, intelligence having been received that a Fenian 
demonstration was expected in that quarter. No information 
was vouchsafed except that the government was adopting ener- 
getic measures for the safety of the country. In a few days 
despatches from New York stated that the organization was 
formed under experienced officers and that 15,000 uniforms 
and 2,000 rifles were stored in Burlington, Vt. 

The measures for defence began by the appointment of Cap- 
tain Thomas Anderson, late H. M. 78th, as colonel in 
charge of the western military district of New Brunswick, and 
Lieutenant Darrell R. J ago, R. A., was appointed captain 
and assistant adjutant-general of artillery. On 14th March one 
captain, one first and one second lieutenant with eighty-three 
men of the N. B. R. A. were called out for actual service, 
together with the St. John Volunteer Battalion. The whole 
force was placed under command of Brevet Colonel John 
Amber Cole, H. M. 15th Regiment. The artillery called 
out were Captain Pick's battery with Lieutenant S. K. Fos- 
ter, jr., and Lieutenant Geo. Garby, of Portland battery. 
They were stationed on Partridge Island at the entrance to St. 
John harbor, and also at Reed's Point. On 4th April Captain 
M. H. Peters, with Lieutenant E. J. Wetmore and twenty 
men, were called out and stationed at the Martello Tower, 
Negrotown Point battery (now Fort Dufferin), and at Sand 



132 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Cove, near St. John. Captain Osburn, with one Ueutenant 
and twenty men, was also placed on duty at St. Andrews. 
Major CuTHBERT Willis was made commandant at the latter 
place. Ensign Nicholas T. Greathead was transferred from 
Charlotte County militia to Captain Osburn's battery and went 
on duty at St. Andrews. The St. John Volunteer Battalion 
was despatched to St. Andrews and served on the frontier 
with Captain Osburn's battery. 

At Carleton, St. John, the old roof was removed from the 
Martello Tower and guns were mounted. Earthworks were 
thrown up on the adjacent hill and guns mounted at Fort 
Dufferin. On April nth there was a rumor in the city that 
two hundred armed men had endeavored to take passage on 
the American boat at Portland for Eastport, but had been re- 
fused unless they left their arms behind them. Captain Hood, 
of H. M. S. Pylades^ telegraphed recommending a call of the 
volunteers. The St. John men had patrols out, that of the 
Carleton battery extending down the coast to Sand Cove. A 
system of signals was arranged by Major Jago, and Captain 
Pick directed to have one sentry at the battery on Partridge 
Island and such others at look-out points as might be needed. 
An attempt at landing was to be announced by two guns, and 
very suspicious circumstances at night by three rockets at three 
minute intervals. Rockets sent up from Sand Cove were to 
be repeated at the Island, Lower Cove and at Carleton, Two 
guns at any one of the latter places were to be repeated by 
the others. Captain M. H. Peters' force was increased to 
forty men, and afterwards four were taken from Captain Pick's 
and added to his. 

On April 15th there was a landing at Indian Island, a small 
island near Campobello. The house of the collector of customs, 



N. U. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 33 

Dixon, was visited and the British flag seized. It was found 
a few days afterwards, and there has always been some doubt 
as to the real character of the persons who committed the 
depredation. But the province was in a blaze. There was 
another landing later on at the same place when the boat was 
challenged by an outpost under command of Lieutenant John 
B. WiLMOT, of the St. John Volunteer Battalion. Receiving 
no reply they fired, and the party left hurriedly. A few nights 
after, at a late hour, H. M. S. Cordelia in the harbor of St. 
Andrews beat to quarters and despatched rockets. Captain 
Osburn's battery fired from the guns of Fort Tipperary and 
the whole force turned out. It was only a 'scare' to test the 
efficiency of the men but it worked well. Nothing more serious 
occurred, and the Fenians after a repulse at Niagara disbanded. 
During the excitement General Meade and staff, of the U. S. 
A., was stationed at Calais, on the frontier, with sixty-five men 
of the ist U. S. Heavy Artillery. Generals Meade and Doyle 
exchanged civilities and took precautions for the safety of the 
province. 

S. Kent Foster, jr., then lieutenant of Murray's battery, 
says that part of Captain Pick's force were from that battery. 
The only uniform most of them had was a great-coat. The 
men, except those on the island, went home at night and did 
about five hours work per day mostly garrison gun drill in 
which they became very proficient. Of course the other forces 
kept up sentries by night at their outposts. During the service 
Captain Pick reported two men. Gunners James Devereaux 
and Benjamin Logax, for having deserted their posts while on 
duty, and asked if there should be a court martial. Lieutenant 
Foster says that the men went into a shed and played a game 
of cards. The official correspondence does not go so far, simply 



134 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Stating that they were in a shed a short distance, not more 
than one hundred yards, beyond their beats, and that they 
stopped in there to hght their pipes. Smoking on the beat 
was of course forbidden, and when the news got about it was 
currently repoited that the men would be shot! The affair 
ended by Major Jago, who heartily wished that his attention 
had never been called to the occurrence, delivering an impres- 
sive caution. In a letter on the subject he says, ' My own 
'idea of volunteers is that you ought not to look too closely 
'into their way of doing the work as long as it is done.' The 
exercise of such good common sense got over a difficulty which 
might have been very serious if formalities had been observed 
and affords a practical suggestion on the subject of discipline. 

The whole force, consisting of Captain Pick with Lieutenant 
Garby and forty-six men, Captain M. H. Peters with Lieutenant 
Wetmore and forty-four men, and Lieutenant Foster with 
thirty men, was paid off on the 2nd June and the bloodless 
campaign was at an end. Three additional batteries had been 
formed as a result of the scare, that under Captain Osburn 
at St. Andrews, already mentioned; one under Captain Edgar 
at Woodstock, and a third under Captain Wm. T. Rose at 
St. Stephen. Captain Rose had years before been in command 
of a battery which was now reorganized for service. He re- 
tired as major and was succeeded by Captain W. T. Clewley. 

Under these circumstances it may be imagined that the cele- 
bration of the Queen's birthday was more than an ordinary 
affair. At St. Andrews a dinner was given by Captain Steven- 
son and the officers of the ' Gordon Rifles,' at which St. John 
officers were guests. On behalf of the St. Andrews battery, 
in response to that toast. Lieutenant Greathead is reported as 
returning thanks. The whole force was inspected and the day 
was a great one for St. Andrews. 



N. P.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 35 

As B, Lester Peters' battery was largely composed of clerks 
in banks and other institutions it was impossible for them to 
go into service which would interfere with the discharge of their 
duties unless in case of such emergency as the actual commence- 
ment of hostilities. They, however, volunteered to a man to 
put in four hours drill daily at the garrison guns, and did so 
during the whole time that the force was under arms. This 
service was spontaneous and gratuitous and received the warm- 
est thanks of His Excellency. During the winter, too, lectures 
were delivered by Hon. John Boyd, Rev. G. W. M. Carey, 
Geo. E. Fenety and Hon. Wm. Wedderburn, the proceeds 
being in aid of uniforming Murray's battery. Upon the dis- 
bandment of the forces a general order was issued dated 20th 
June, from which the following extracts are made : — 

' His Excellency desires in a special manner to acknowledge 

* the services rendered by the batteries and detachments of the 
' New Brunswick Regiment of Artillery. The officers and men 
' of this branch of the militia force have shown a remarkable 
'aptitude for acquiring a knowledge of their more difficult 
'duties, which has called forth the marked commendation of 
'the Major-General commanding in the Lower Provinces, and 
' His Excellency has received the most satisfactory reports as 
'to their general good conduct and efficiency.' * ^ * * 
'To the forces generally employed on the frontier His Excel- 
' lency desires to express the gratification he has experienced 
' in finding the officers, non-commissioned officers and men 
'composing the force engaged in protecting those points of 
' the frontier most threatened by attack, deserving of his entire 
'confidence. His Excellency is fully aware that upon them 
'devolved duties of a peculiarly difficult nature, the discharge 
' of which was occasionally attended with a greater degee of 
'hardship than His Excellency had anticipated or desired, but 

* which have been accomplished to His Excellency's full satis- 
' faction.' 

* Had it been the fortune of the militia volunteers of this 



136 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

'province, as it was of those in Canada, to meet in conflict 
' the armed invaders of our soil, His Excellency is certain that 
'their conduct would have been such as to merit yet warmer 
' commendation ; and they may take a pride in reflecting that 
' the attitude assumed by the local force was among the causes 
' which frustrated the projected invasion of this province.' 

During the year Surgeon LeB. Botsford, M. D., retired 
with the rank of major, and was succeeded by John Berry- 
man, M. D., with Dr. Joseph L. Bunting assistant surgeon. 
Captain B. Lester Peters received the brevet rank of lieu- 
tenant-colonel ; Lieutenant Inches that of captain, and Ser- 
geant James F. Robertson obtained a lieutenant's commission. 

Captain Pick became a major by brevet and James Mc- 
NiCHOL, jr., was appointed a lieutenant in Pick's battery. 

In 1867 there were many promotions and brevet rank was 
liberally granted. The raising of a new battery at Chatham, 
which had been undertaken in the previous year, was com- 
pleted and the following officers gazetted : 

Captain^ Thomas F. Gillespie, 

First Lieutenant^ Francis J. Letson, 
Second Lieutenant, John F. Gemmill. 

Major Berton's battery at Fredericton having become non- 
effective was struck off the list. Major Berton had been 
regimental major since Lieutenant-Colonel Foster's promotion 
He now retired and was succeeded by Major Mount on 19th 
June, 1867. Lieutenant S. K. Foster, of Murray's battery, 
became paymaster on the same day vice Captain Wiggins, who 
retired with the rank of major. As Major Mount had vacated 
the adjutancy he was succeeded by Captain Jacob D. Under- 
bill on 17th July. Captain Edward H. Clarke replaced 
Captain Clewley in command of the battery at St. Stephen 
on 15th July of the following year. The minor promotions 
are all noted in the appendix. 



N. 15. GARRISON ARTILLKRY. 1 37 

The day appointed for the confederation of the provinces, 
July I St, 1867, ushering into Hfe the Dominion of Canada, 
was duly celebrated by our artillery corps. At noon royal 
salutes were fired from King Square by Captain Murray's 
battery, and from Fort Howe by Captain Farmer's. Cap- 
tain B. L. Peters' battery was at the guns at Reed's 
Point to salute also, but only two guns were fired owing to a 
mistake in making up the cartridges, which were for 6-pr. in- 
stead of 3-pr. guns. 

Under the new regime militia and defence were subjects 
placed under the exclusive control of the Federal government, 
and the provincial force was drilled in 1868 under regu- 
lations from Ottawa prior to another re-organization. Dominion 
Day was celebrated this year by three salutes fired at 6, 8, 
and 9 a. m. by Pick's and Farmer's batteries from King 
Square and Fort Howe. On the swearing in of Hon. L. 
A. WiLMOT as Lieutenant-Governor of the province, July 23, 
three salutes of thirteen guns each were fired from Fort 
Howe by Captain Farmer's battery. On loth September the 
regiment assembled for eight days drill, and on the i6th range 
practice was commenced with 32-pr. S. B. guns at the barracks. 
The target, a flour barrel, was twice carried away, once by Mr. 
John Kerr of the 'new battery recently organized,' and the 
second time by Sergeant Frodsham of Major M. H. Peters' 
battery. 

In October of this year notification was received that provis- 
ion had been made for a class in gunnery at the school at 
Montreal. Companies were required to enrol in compliance 
with the new law. The year closed with the ninth anniversary 
of Portland battery which was celebrated by a ball and supper 
in the Temperance Hall, on December 23rd. Lieutenant- 



138 HISTORICAL Rf:CORDS OF THE 

Colonel Foster presented a gold medal to Sergeant Napier 
which he had won in the September competition. 

This year, the last of the provincial organization, unfortu- 
nately brings to an end the historical continuity of the Col- 
V'Ille company. Though by a very slender thread at times, 
yet still by one that holds, succession can be traced to Captain 
Murray, but on 20th March, 1868, a militia order states that 
this battery having completed the term of engagement its ser- 
vices are dispensed with. It is probably better to withold the 
reasons which led to this step as they involve the charge of 
extremely disrespectful conduct by the captain of the bat- 
tery to Major Jago. There was no lack of efficiency on the 
part of the battery, however, and by July 14th of the same 
year there was a correspondence between Major Jago and the 
D. A. G. as to the appointment of Sergeant-Major John Kerr 
of Captain Pick's battery as lieutenant of a new company 
which was composed of a number of Captain Murray's men 
together with recruits. Even before this Sergeant-Major Kerr 
had been acting as lieutenant. Drill for this year was author- 
ized though not by orders ' in the ' Gazette ' as the Dominion 
government pending the enactment of a militia law dealt only 
with corps and companies in existence. Acting Lieutenant 
Kerr's battery was so treated and the question of practical 
succession to the Colville company becomes an open one 
for the reader. From 1865 Lieutenant Colonel WetiMORE of 
the 2nd battalion Charlotte County militia had maintained Cap- 
tain James Bolton's company at St. George as artillery. It was 
not in the regiment but was attached to the battalion for ad- 
ministrative purposes. 

At the close of the provincial administration, then, there 
were at St. John five batteries under Brevet Major Pick, Brevet 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLKRY. 1 39 

Major M H. Pkters, Brevet Major Farmer, acting Lieuten- 
ant Kerr, and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel B. Lester Peters. 

At Woodstock : - - Captain Edgar's battery. 

At St. Stephen : - - Captain Clarke's battery. 

At St. Andrews : - - Captain Osburn's battery. 

At Chatham : - - Captain Gillespie's battery. 

At St. George : - - Captain Bolton's company. 

The latter was not in the regiment. 

And thus we leave the old ' N. B. R. A.' which had been 
in existence for thirty years and in whose ranks had been 
found some of the foremost men of the province. While we 
must all be glad that a new era of activity had opened before 
the old organization, yet the change must cause deep and last- 
ing regret to all who care for the preservation of our regiments' 
story. For by an act of wanton vandalism almost every paper 
was destroyed which belonged to the records of the New 
Brunswick militia, and was not required to be transmitted to 
headquarters at Ottawa in connection with current business. 
Thus valuable material for accurate compilation is in many 
cases wanting, and this generation must depend upon the frag- 
mentary details which in one form and another have been 
transmitted from the past. In Ontario and Quebec all militia 
records were transferred and the result is that to-day their 
forces are regarded as 4 continuation of those existing anterior 
to confederation, while ours has been in some quarters erron- 
eously believed to have been of a much later creation. But 
it is submitted that these pages show conclusively that the 
company of John Colville, founded in 1793, lived to become 
a part of the regiment formed in 1838, the record of which 
under that designation is now brought to a close. Its future 
history will be told in the succeeding chapters under other 



I40 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

titles. As a further evidence of continuity it may here be stated 
that in 1868 the regimental officers were: 

Lieutenant- Colonel, S. Kent Foster, 

Brevet Lieut -Col. 

TCharles J. Melick, 
Majors A Brevet Lieut.-Col., 

(j. Mount, 

Adjutant, Jacob D. Under hill, 

Captain, 

Paymaster, S. Kent Foster (captain). 

Quartermaster, W. A. Lockhart, 

Surgeon, John Berryman, M. D., 

^i-j-/i-/«;z// Stephen Smith, M. D., 
Surgeons,\]o'i>Y.vYi L. Bunting, M. D., 



29 March, 
6 December, 


1865. 
1859. 


6 December, 
10 January, 
19 June, 


1859. 
1866. 
1867. 


17 July, 
2 January, 


1867. 
1867. 


19 June, 


1867. 


28 March, 


1864. 


18 April, 


1866. 


7 February, 
18 April, 


i860. 
1866. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I4I 



CHAPTER XIV. 

I869-I876. 

The 'New Brunsm'ck Brigade of GatTison Artillery' — Visits of Lord 
TAsfjar and Prince Arthur — Camp Barrack Square — Visit of Lord 
Dufferin — A Sad Accident— Formation of Dominion Artillery 
Association — A Gratifying Inspection. 



N the 7th January there was an assembly in the old drill 
shed. Merritt's building, Princess St., of Pick's, Far- 
^ mer's and Kerr's batteries, at which a medal for shooting 

was presented to a gunner of Major Pick's battery whose name 
is not recorded in the brief chronicles of the time. This was 
probably the last occasion on which the batteries assembled as 
component parts of the old regiment. Early in February Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Foster sent his service rolls to Lieutenant- 
Colonel Maunsell to get some difficulties straightened out. 
In some cases, such as the batteries at Chatham and Portland, 
every officer and man had re-enrolled and the number of lieu- 
tenants was greater than the regulations allowed. These officers 
had commissions under the old law and the subject was a 
difficult one to deal with. Happily, through the assistance and 
kind endeavors of Major J ago, then assistant adjutant-general 
of artillery for the province, matters were brought into a state 
of harmony. It is, indeed, difficult to realize the extent of the 
obligations of our corps to Lieutenant-Colonels Maunsell and 
Jago. At the time there was great uncertainty as to the 
positions these gentlemen would occupy. The latter had not 
for some years after confederation a regular appointment, but 



142 HISTORICAL RFXORD3 OF THE 

was continued in his position as if by sufferance and without 
that authority which his abiHty and the importance of his post 
demanded. It was also currently rumored that there were' 
many applicants for the post of D. A. G., but fortunately for 
the service in New Brunswick no changes were made and the 
new militia organizations throughout the province had the care 
and assistance which was so greatly needed at the critical 
period of adaptation to a new order of things. 

The continuity upon which our corps justly lays so much 
stress is evidenced by the following general order issued from 
the new headquarters under date of 6th February, 1869 : 

"The following corps enrolled under 31 Vic, c. 40, as well 
as those organized prior to ist October, 1868, which have 
within three months after the act coming into force, re-enrolled 
as volunteers, are declared to be existing and continued as such. 

Province of New Brunswick. 
No. 8 Military District. 

ARTILLERY. 

Garrison Battery, - - St. John, 

do. - - do. 

do. - - St. George, 

do. - - do. 

do. - - Chatham." 

and by order of 5th March the batteries at Carleton and St. 

Andrews were declared to have been omitted from the order 

and were recognized, and a similar acceptance of the battery 

at St. Stephen was given by general order of 27th March. 

The order of 6th February also authorized the formation of a 

battery at St. George with the following officers : 

Captain^ Charles lMcGee^ 

First Lieutenant^ Robert A. Stewart, 
Second Lieutenant^ Joseph M eating. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 



143 



and the order of 5th March also authorized another battery at 

St. John, with 

Captain^ John Kp:rr, 

First Lieutenant^ John A. Kane, 
Second Lieutenant, John Evans Daley, 

As before explained, this battery was raised at a time when 
there was no authority to accept its services, and consequently 
it does not appear on the official records until this date. 

The general order constituting the brigade bears date 26th 

May, 1869, and is as follows : 

"The formation of a Brigade of Garrison Artillery is hereby 
authorized, to be designated as the 'New Brunswick Brigade 
of Garrison Artillery,' and will be composed of the following 
batteries, viz. : 

St. John. 
Carleton. 
Portland. 
St. Andrews. 
Woodstock. 
St. George. 
Chatham. 
St Stephen. 
St. George. 
St. John. 





No. 


I, 




No. 


2, 




No. 


3. 




No 


4, 




No. 


5. 




No. 


6, 




No. 


7» 




No. 


8, 




No. 


9. 




No. 


10, 


To be Lieutenant- Colonel, 


(( 


Majors, 




(( 


Paymaster, 




<( 


Adjutant, 




(( 


Quartermaster, 


(( 


Surgeon, 





S. K. Foster. 

Lieut.-Col. Charles J. Melick. 
Major J. Mount. 

Captain S. Kent Foster, jr. 

Captain J. D. Underhill. 

Quartermaster W. A. Lockhart. 

Surgeon John Berryman, M. D." 

The headquarters of the brigade were not ascertained until 
17th December, when a general order fixed them at St. John. 
During the year the common council offered land at the 



144 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Ballast wharf for the erection of a drill shed but nothing was 
done towards providing the needed accommodation. In fact 
the complaint was frequent then, as it is in some respects yet, 
that the favors of the militia department are reserved for other 
localities than the Maritime Provinces. 

The usual salutes were fired on the i8th and 24th of May, 
and on the former day the band of the 60th Rifles played. This 
was one of the last occasions in which the Imperial troops par- 
ticipated in a local event in the province. With confederation 
the garrison was removed from St. John and the defence of 
the port was left to the local forces. Under the new regime 
a school of instruction was opened of which many officers 
availed themselves, the new regulations making the possession 
of a certificate requisite for promotion. 

During the year the Governor-General, Sir John Young 
(Lord Lisgar) visited the Province. At Fredericton, on 31st 
August, he was received with due honors by the artillery under 
Lieutenant Stratton, and on his arrival at Indiantown on the 
3rd September Major Farmer's battery fired a salute. A large 
and enthusiastic crowd greeted His Excellency on his debark- 
ation from the steamer David Weston^ and when the carriage 
containing the vice-regal party arrived at the head of Portland 
another salute was fired by Major M. H. Peters' battery from 
Carleton Heights. Salutes by Captain Kerr's from Market 
Square, and Major Pick's from King Square announced the 
further progress of the party, and a guard of honor from the 
78th Highlanders was drawn up at the Waverley Hotel. Next 
day a levee was held in the Court House, the 78th again fur- 
nishing the guard of honor. In the evening a firemen's parade 
enlivened the scene. 

St. John received a royal visitor on the 7th of the month 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 45 

in the person of H. R. H. Prince Arthur, Duke of Con- 
naught. The usual salutes were fired by the batteries and the 
62nd St. John Volunteer Battalion shared in this as in the 
other celebrations. A ball was held in the evening and on 
the following day there were more salutes and the usual re- 
joicing. On September loth, H. R. H. visited Fredericton, 
where Lieutenant Stratton's company paid the usual honors. 

In the fall rifle competition Gunner Fallen of Major Gil- 
lespie's battery won both first prizes, the Prince of Wales' cup 
and medal, and the event was duly celebrated at Chatham by 
his comrades. 

There was another Fenian scare this year, which, though it 
did not immediately culminate, caused unusual preparations to 
be made. The 62nd Battalion were ordered to be in readiness 
but there does not seem to have been any call for the services 
of the artillery. 

The next year, 1870, was uneventful. Probably the most 
disagreeable feature of it was a review on 24th May during a 
snow storm. The artillery had ten guns on parade, three drawn 
by horses and the rest by hand. A royal salute was fired at 
noon and the shivering soldiers took but little comfort from 
the fact that the weather was so exceptional as to become 
historic. 

No. 3, the Portland battery which has always displayed a great 
deal of enterprise in social affairs made arrangements for hold- 
ing a picnic on the 9th August, at Oak Point, on the St. John, 
river. No doubt it was successful but the newspapers of the 
day do not record it. Gunner Joseph Ewing, who afterwards 
obtained command of the battery got his first step this year, 
being appointed second lieutenant. 

The next year opened with a ball on St. Valentine's day by 



146 HISTORICAL RECORDS OV THE 

Captain Kerr's battery. The Queen's birthday was observed 
by a review under circumstances much more favorable than 
those of the previous year. Salutes were fired by all the batteries 
during the morning and at noon they joined with the Royal 
Artillery, while the 62nd fired a feu de joie. The latter corps 
presented an address to their retiring Lieutenant-Colonel, 
Charles R. Ray. 

The artillery inspection was held on 3rd October by Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Maunsell and Major Jagg, at which the brigade 
turned out about two hundred strong. In the evening the 
officers gave a dinner to the inspecting officer. 

In the same month Lord Lisgar again passed through the 
city, and the artillery fired the customary salutes. The 62nd 
Battalion does not appear to have taken part at this time as it 
had, most unfortunately, been disbanded some time before for 
non-compliance with a general order, and was then only in the 
process of re-organization. Since this time the two corps have 
gone on side by side, each emulating the other's successes and 
sharing the trials and disappointments incident to militia ser- 
vice. Major Melick, the senior regimental major, retired on 
7th December, 187 1, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He 
was succeeded by Brevet Major Pick. The junior, Major 
Mount, also retired with rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel, and 
was succeeded by Major Martin Hunter Peters. Captain 
J. Alfred Ring then succeeded to the command of No. 2 
battery, Carleton, which he held for thirteen years. 

1872 is remembered as the year of the first brigade camp 
at the Barrack Square, St. John, where two hundred and fifty 
officers and men of the artillery,. with a volunteer band, assem- 
bled on August 23rd. All the city batteries turned out and 
were joined by those of Woodstock and Chatham. A church 




Liout. Dell, Major Gillespie, Lieut. Fraser, laeut.-Col. Otty. 

C'apt. Kane. Lieut. Ewing, Lieut. -Col. Foster, Asst. Surgeon Andrews, 

Lieut. Armstrong, Lieut. Carleton. Lieut -Col. Jago. Adjt. Underbill, Capt. Ring, 

K. Major Cunard, Major Pick, Major Peters. 



OIFIFICEHS C-A.3sa::E>, ISVS. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLKRV. 1 47 

parade to St. Paul's church was held on Sunday, the 25th 
inst., and the Chatham battery returned to their home on 
the 29th. The prize for the best shot in the brigade was 
awarded to Bomb. J. Brown of No. 10, now No. 4 company, 
and Mrs. Jago's prize fell to No. i battery. Inspection was 
held on the 30th and the men made a very creditable showing. 
In a few days they had become accustomed to camp life and 
acquired a degree of proficiency that weeks of drill under 
other conditions would not have given them. In this year 
John A. Kane became Captain of No. i battery, in which 
position he served until 1885, maintaining a good standard of 
efficiency. Captain Kane's services as an officer began in No. 
10, under Captain Kerr, in 1869. He afterwards had as 
lieutenant Mr., now Major, Drury of the Royal Canadian 
Artillery, and this officer is a grandson of the late Lieutenant- 
Colonel Richard Hayne. 

In March of the following year No. 10 battery lost a valu- 
able officer by the death of Captain John King, who had re- 
organized the battery in the previous year, it having become 
non-effective. His funeral, which took place on the loth March, 
was attended by members of the battery and of the Masonic 
order. The interment was in the burial ground on Lancaster 
Heights. He was succeeded in command by an enthusiastic 
volunteer officer. Captain Andrew J. Armstrong, whose ser- 
vices must be frequently referred to in this volume. 

During 1873 N^^w Brunswick was honored by a visit from 
the new governor-general, Lord Dufferin, who arrived in St. 
John by the western train on 19th August and was received 
by salutes from all the batteries and the ringing of the church 
bells. The 62nd Battalion furnished a guard of honor, and 
addresses were presented by the civic officials and various 



148 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

public bodies. The citizens vied with each other to do honor 
to the popular representative of royalty and he was well enter- 
tained during his stay in St. John. A drawing room was held 
on the 20th which was attended by the officers of militia 
corps in large numbers. The next day's celebrations included 
one of the regattas for which the city is famous, and oh the 
following day His Excellency visited the capital of the prov- 
ince when the military honors were done by a provisional 
company under command of Captain Beckwith. This gentle- 
man, who had been adjutant of the 71st Battalion, had for 
some years previous assembled a number of men to fire the 
customary salute at the opening of the sessions of the House 
of Assembly. This led him to think of the formation of an 
artillery company, and about 1870 he, with Mr. John Allen, 
son of the Chief Justice, as a prospective lieutenant, made up 
a roll of men willing to join such an organization. This was 
forwarded by the D. A. G. with his recommendation, but no 
reply was received by Captain Beckwith from headquarters. 
About a year afterwards Captain Beckwith was advised by 
Colonel P. Robertson Ross, then commanding the Canadian 
militia, to forward another application, which he did, but like 
the preceding one it received no official answer. It after- 
wards transpired that the authorities at headquarters were will- 
ing to establish a field battery, but thought Fredericton to be 
too far inland for the useful service of a garrison battery, and 
the matter dropped. An effort to raise a battery among the 
I. C. R. employees at Moncton was also discouraged, and 
though a service roll was forwarded the movement went no 
further. 

An unfortunate accident marred the pleasant progress of the 
governor-general through the province. When at Chatham 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 49 

Captain Gillespie's battery turned out to salute, and probably 
through the hurry of enthusiasm there was some oversight in 
the service of the vent or sponging out the gun. Whatever 
the cause may have been it is sad to relate that two men, 
Gunners J. Murray and R. Steel, lost their lives by a pre- 
mature discharge. An inquiry was ordered and the cause was 
reported to have been an unavoidable accident. The event 
cast a gloom over the battery and greatly lessened its- efficiency 
for some time. 

At the competition in September Mrs. Jago's silver cup was 
won by Sergeant C. Belyea of No. 3 battery, and the officers 
silver cup by No. 2 battery. Captain Cunard, a valuable 
officer, afterwards district storekeeper, assumed command of 
No. 3 this year in succession to Brevet Major Farmer, who 
became quartermaster in place of W. A. Lockhart. 

Early in the following year, on the appointment of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Tilley, a levee was held in St. John, and the 
event was celebrated by a salute from the guns of Captain 
Kane's battery. Captain G. Fred Ring and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Saunders were appointed provincial aides-de-camp, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel J ago with Captains F. B. Hazen and Likely 
attended with a guard of honor. An address was presented to 
the new governor by the corporation of St. John, he having 
for many years represented that constituency both in the local 
and federal parliaments. 

On the 26th February there was a grand gathering in Smith's 
Hall, when the prizes won at the autumn competition were 
presented by Lieutenant-Colonel Maunsell The great event 
of the year, however, was 'Camp Dufferin,' held at the Bar- 
rack Square, which opened on the 23rd July, and consisted of 
No. I battery under Captain Kane, with Lieutenants Drurv 



f^O HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

and Wallace ; No. 2 under Captain Ring, Lieutenants 
Carleton and Lander ; No. 3 under Captain Cunard, Lieu- 
tenants Scott and Ewing ; No. 7 under Captain Gillespie 
and Lieutenant Fraser, and No. 10 under Captain Armstrong 
and Lieutenants King and Till. Lieutenant-Colonel Maun- 
sell was commandant of the camp ; Lieutenant D. G. Smith 
supply officer, and 217 officers and men were under canvas. 
The force paraded to St. Paul's church on the 26th, and next 
day Lieutenant-Governor Tilley and suite paid a 'visit to the 
camp. The usual competition was held and resulted in the 
winning by No. 10 of the first prize; Nos. 2 and 3 tied for 
the second. No. 10 also won a cup presented by Lieutenant- 
Colonel Thurgar, and Quartermaster Sergeant Armstrong of 
No. 3 won a silver medal presented by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Thurgar, jr. During the camp Gunner Samuel McIntyre 
of No. 3 was taken ill, and his death in August caused sad- 
ness to his comrades in their recollection of a pleasant camp. 
He was buried with military honors by his battery. The year 
closes with a more pleasant event in the marriage of Captain 
Cunard on 2nd December. The gallant captain entertained 
the men of No. 3 at supper on the evening preceding the 
ceremony and received a royal salute from his congratulatory 
gunners. During the year No. 5 battery, Woodstock, was 
made a field battery and ceased to be connected with the 
brigade. No. 9 battery, St. George, was transferred to the 
infantry of Charlotte county, and No. 8 at St. Stephen had 
become non-effective. 

The year 1875 i^ practically without record except that No. 
3 battery with its usual enterprise held a soiree in the Portland 
Temperance hall which closed with a dance, about ninety couples 
being on the floor. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY, I5I 

In this year Lieutenant-Colonel Jago was appointed assistant 
inspector of artillery for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. 

A very important step was taken by the officers of the 
brigade on the 21st January, 1876, when they assembled in 
Lieutenant-Colonel Foster's office to consider the formation 
of the Dominion Artillery Association. In 1873 ^ Provincial 
association had been brought into existence, entirely through the 
efforts of Lieutenant-Colonel Jago, but owing to the small num- 
ber of batteries and the limited membership, it had not been 
able to accomplish very much. It had, however, laid the 
foundation of good work in this direction and emphasized the 
necessity for such an organization. Lieutenant-Colonel Maun- 
SELL, who presided at the meeting, was appointed a delegate 
to represent the brigade at the organization meeting in Ottawa. 

No. 3 battery laid another comrade. Gunner Lane Dunham, 
to rest on the 2nd February, escorting the remains from Fort 
Howe to Lancaster Heights. The firing party was under com- 
mand of Lieutenant Ewing. 

The brigade lost a good friend and excellent officer by the 
resignation of Lieutenant-Colonel Jago of the post of assistant 
adjutant-general of artillery. He sailed for England in April, 
previous to which he was presented with an address at the 
Park Hotel by the officers of the artillery. The address was 
read by Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, and Majors Pick, Peters 
and Farmer, Captains Underhill, Cunard, Kane, Ring, 
Armstrong, Lieutenants Drurv, Wallace and King, and 
Surgeon Daniel, were present. He left St. John on the 20th, 
the band of the 62 nd Battalion playing a farewell, and the 
batteries firing a salute. 

The artillery, together with the engineers and 62nd Battalion, 
were called out on the 12th of July in aid of the civil power. 



152 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 

a disturbance being apprehended on the occasion of the Orange 
celebration. But happily it was found that the good citizens 
of St. John were so peaceably disposed that the services of 
the mihtia were not required, and after being a few hours 
under arms Lieutenant-Colonel Foster dismissed the force. 
Only one man was shot that day. He was in the procession 
and carried a revolver. By some carelessness in handling it 
was accidentally discharged, causing him a flesh wound in the 
thigh, and this was the only blood shed! 

The first competition for prizes offered by the Dominion 
Artillery Association was held in August and the winners were 
as follows : 

No. I Battery. 

ist, Corporal Roberts, 
2nd, Sergeant McGaw, 
3rd, Gunner McIlwaine. 

No. 2 Battery. 

I St, Lieutenant Lander, 

2nd, Captain Ring, 

3rd, Gunner J. J. Gordon, 

No. 3 Battery. 

I St, Gunner Darrah, 
2nd, Gunner Graham, 
3rd, Sergeant Brown. 

No. 10 Battery. 

I St, Sergeant Dunlop, 

2nd, Sergeant C. F. Langan, 

3rd, Sergeant Magee. 

The prizes were presented in the Carleton City Hall on the 
5th September. 

It is worthy of note that with the many apparent disadvan- 
tages under which the corps was laboring, the inspector of 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 53 

rrtillery, Lieutenant-Colonel Strange, should have been able 
to say in 1871 that with the exception of the New Brunswick 
Artillery, he believed few batteries in the Dominion had made 
gunnery their main object. This opinion was strongly sup- 
ported by Lieutenant-Colonel Jago, who had done his best to 
bring up the efficiency of the corps, and who felt that it was 
at that time the best in the Dominion. Again, in 1876, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Strange in his annual report said : 

"The gun drill and practice of the brigade was very good. 
And I am of opinion that with the exception of the men of the 
two gunnery schools, who practically are regular soldiers, the 
New Brunswick Garrison Artillery is unsurpassed among those 
I have seen in the Dominion. I have less hesitation in pay- 
ing this tribute to their efficiency, because I can claim no 
part of the credit of their instruction, which must be given to 
my late assistant, Lieutenant-Colonel Darrel Jago, late Royal 
Artillery, and to Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, who has for many 
years commanded them and labored for their efficiency, no 
doubt assisted by the commanding officers of batteries, and 
by his adjutant, Major Underbill, who has a first-class cer- 
tificate from the Kingston Gunnery School. Major Cunard's, 
No. 3 battery, was not drawn for drill this year, but they per- 
formed their duties without pay, which marks the esprit that 
exists in the New Brunswick Artillery." 

In this period there are but a few other changes to be 
specially noted, most of the appointments being dealt with only 
in the appendix. Surgeon Berryman retired in 1875 being 
succeeded by J. W. Daniel, M. D., in 1876. The latter had 
been appointed assistant surgeon in 1875 in succession to 
Joseph Andrews, M. D., who had left the province. Dr. 
Andrews w^as re-appointed assistant surgeon in 1883 and still 
holds that rank. Dr. Stephen Smith, assistant surgeon of the 
old corps, was transferred to the Woodstock field battery at 
the time of its becoming a separate organization. 



154 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER XV. 

1877-1884. 

Great Fire at St. John — Services of the Artillery — Mining the Walls 
— A Brave Eescue— Visit of H. B. H. the Frincess Louise and 
the Marquis of Lome — Celebration of the Loyalist Centennial — 
Betirement of Lieutenant- Colonel Foster. 



'HE year 1877 will long be a memorable one in the 
annals of St. John, distinguished as it was by the 
greatest of the many conflagrations by which the city 
has been visited. Breaking out at half-past two o'clock on 
Wednesday afternoon, June 20th, in nine hours the entire 
business portion of the city and a great part of the residential 
district was destroyed. The loss was enormous in proportion 
to the size and wealth of the city. But the same qualities 
which have made good artillerymen of the sons of the city, 
pluck, intelligence and determination, have long since raised a 
newer and better St. John in the place of the desolated city. 
One great loss, however, can never be made good. The city 
of the loyalists was filled with mementoes of her founders and 
possessed a vast store of collected information which would 
have been of great use to the archivist and the historian. 
These were destroyed and among them many a muster roll 
and reminiscence of the old days of the volunteer artillery. 
Throughout the hours of panic on that memorable June day 
the militia of the city proved themselves worthy of their call- 
ing, and during the period of insecurity which followed, the 
peace and safety of the city largely depended upon their efforts. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 55 

The old barracks, with the uniforms of Nos. i and lo bat- 
teries and of the 62nd Battalion, were destroyed despite the 
brave efforts of men of both corps led by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Mauxsell, D. a. G., Brigade-Major Macshane, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Blaine, Captain Hall and others. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Foster was then the senior officer in St. 
John, and two days after the fire he was requested by Mayor 
Earle, Alderman John Kerr and Wm. Elder, Esq., J. P., to 
provide a military force to guard the unopened vaults of the banks 
and large business houses which were exposed to the depre- 
dations of a lawless element. Private properties, too, and the 
temporary quarters of such banks as were able to resume busi- 
ness required more protection than could be afforded by the 
small police force. A force was at once raised from the artil- 
lery, Nos. 2 and 3 batteries at first principally contributing the 
men, owing to the loss of uniforms which the other batteries 
had sustained. To No. 3 battery is due the credit of having 
the first men on duty after the requisition was made on the 
morning of the 22nd June. The detail was composed as 

follows : — - 

Brevet Major Wm. Cunard, commanding. 

First Lieutenant Joseph Ewing. 
Sergeants : J. S. Brown, T. A. Graham. 
Corporals : John Vincent, J. R Andrews. 
Bombardiers : W. Bell, W. McJunkin, Wm. Lee. 
Gunners : Jos. Lee, A. Long, S. Torrey, C. Garrett, John 
Speight, James Lee, G. Crawford, C. Young, Justus 
Mowry, H. Saunders, W. Morgan, R. A. C. Brown, 
John Andrews, W. Crawford, R. Carlin. 

The detachment mustered pursuant to orders at their drill 
room, Temperance Hall, Simonds street, Portland, at 2 p. m., 
and marched thence to Charlotte street, opposite the country 
market, where at 2.30 p. m. men were told off for duty. The 



156 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

first work was the mining of the front wall of the Post Office 
on Prince William street and the posting of sentries at several 
points. Other men of the artillery, as well as a portion of 
the 62 nd Battalion, were soon on duty. The latter corps, 
whose uniforms were destroyed, obtained a supply from the 
stores of the 74th Battalion, The artillery were on duty from 
22nd June to 5th July and contributed a force varying from 
seventy to ninety-two officers and men. A camp was formed 
on King Square and guards were detailed for day and night 
duty. Besides this the artillery were employed in the demolition 
of dangerous walls which were everywhere standing and threaten- 
ing the safety of laborers and passers-by. In this service the 
men faced danger as great as that of the battle field, and the 
reader is reminded of the sad fate of the late Major Short 
of "B." battery, R. C. A., when reading the following extract 
from Stewart's History of the Fire, which tells of a narrow 
escape of Sergeant Lamb of the artillery : 

"At the blowing down of the walls of the post office an act 
of valour was performed by some men belonging to the artil- 
lery which deserves prominent mention. Major Cunard, Cap- 
tain A. J. Armstrong and Lieutenants Inch and Ewing, 
together with a detachment of the Brigade of New Brunswick 
Artillery, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel S. K. 
Foster, marched to Prince William street and proceeded to 
blow down the walls of the post office. Sentries were posted 
all around a circle of nearly two hundred yards, and everything 
being in readiness the work was begun. Two bags of powder 
were placed against the building with the length of spouting 
which would contain the port fire fuse that was to connect 
with the powder. Two charges went off and the effect on the 
walls was slight. The men thought of the expediency of plac- 
ing a charge against the inside as well as one on the outside 
of the building. The trains were laid and fuses lit, but some 
loose powder igniting in a moment with the train it exploded 
with a deafening crash before the men could get away, and 



N. P.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 157 

half of the wall facing Prince William street came down as if 
a thunderbolt had struck it. Gunner John Nixon, of No. 2 
battery, was covered with the debris but escaped uninjured 
save a few scratches on the arm and a cut or two. Gunner 
Walter Lamb, of No. 10 battery, was struck down and every- 
one deemed him dead, the smoke and debris completely hiding 
him. The second 70 pound blast was still burning, and was 
momentarily expected to go off, when Lamb's hand was seen 
to raise over his head and touch his cap. In a moment five 
men, unmindful of the terrible fate which threatened them, 
rushed in and bravely dragged from the mass of ruins their 
fallen comrade. He was borne away just as the second charge 
went off with a roar carrying away at a bound the remainder 
of the wall. Stones and bricks flew in every direction, and 
John Anderson, who was standing on Germain street, but 
whose presence there was unknown, fell badly wounded. He 
was conveyed to the hospital and died in a few days. The 
names of the five artillerymen who behaved so bravely are. 
Lieutenant Inch, No. 10, Lieutenant Wm. Kin(;, No. 10, 
Corporal J. R. Andrews, No. 3, Corporal Anderson, No. i, 
and Gunner R. McJunkin, No. 10. Captain Ring, of Carle- 
ton battery, was standing within three paces of Gunner Lamb 
when he fell. His escape was certainly miraculous. 

This explosion also severely injured Lieutenant Ewing of 
No. 3, who was within a few yards of the building. He had 
to be carried away. He remembers Corporal Andrews and 
three other men running from King street to the assistance of 
Gunner Lamb and extricating him at the peril of their lives. 
Their bravery, strange to say, never received official recognition 
from headquarters. 

The force was strengthened on the arrival of H. M. S. Argus 
from Halifax with the marine artillery and some soldiers of the 
97th Regiment. The whole force was under Lieutenant-Colonel 
Foster, who was then the senior lieutenant-colonel in the 
Dominion. The militia were specially commended for their 
services by the D. A. G. in his annual report. He said : 



158 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Lieutenant-Colonel Foster has informed me that while the 
presence of a considerable armed force was absolutely necessary 
in preserving law and order at such a time as this, when thous- 
ands of able-bodied men were thrown out of employment and left 
without house or home, all, or nearly all, of the arduous duties of 
guards and picquets devolved upon the force of active militia 
of St. John, then under arms, the individual members of which 
were, in many instances, themselves left without house or home, 
and most creditable, I consider, to them, to the officer in 
command (Lieutenant-Colonel Foster), and to their officers and 
men generally, was the discipline maintained, as well as the 
manner in which duties were performed. 

One of those little incidents occurred during the time the 
volunteers were on duty which illustrates the absurdity to which 
technical questions of authority may sometimes come. The 
chief of police, John R. Marshall, whose long service in the 
artillery has before been mentioned, apparently thought that not- 
withstanding the presence of the soldiery he was still responsible 
for the peace of the city, and by some oversight no orders 
appear to have been issued as to the co-operation of the mili- 
tary with the police force or that any respect should be shown 
to its officers. Consequently we find one of the newspapers 
abusing the chief of police in round terms for having forced 
a sentry, and there is, on file, a report from Lieutenant-Colonel 
Blaine to the effect that the chief refused to answer the 
challenge of the sentry at the Bank of New Brunswick, on 
Carleton street, but, revolver in hand, drove him back on his 
comrades. The attention of the civic authorities was called to 
the affair, but presumably a better understanding was arrived 
at as the matter dropped. 

Owing to the loss of clothing and want of drill accommo- 
dation, the annual drill of the corps for the year was much 
interfered with. The erection of a new drill shed, which is 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 59 

Still in use, was begun, but, unfortunately, the distance of the 
site from the centre of population and the inadequate accom- 
modation of the building has always militated against the in- 
terests of the St. John force. For a city of the size and 
importance of St. John the facilities for drill and military 
association are, in this respect, far inferior to those of any 
other part of the Dominion, and it is the hope of all that 
before long some better provision may be made for the force, 
which of all departments of the public service, gives most and 
gets least. The armament of Fort Dufferin was completed in 
this year by the addition of five 64-pr. rifled guns. 

The year 1878 opened with considerable uneasiness in Europe, 
and for a time it seemed probable that another great war would 
be added to the world's history. So great did the danger ap- 
pear that preparations were made among the colonial forces 
for local defence, and on 22 nd May orders were issued to the 
corps in the New Brunswick district to hold themselves in 
readiness for any service. At Deer Island, St. George, St. 
Andrews and St. Stephen, being exposed places, the men were 
directed to have the arms in their possession at once. Even 
before this Lieutenant-Colonel Foster issued a regimental order 
for batteries Nos. i, 2, 3 and 10 to recruit to their full 
strength and to be held in readiness for immediate duty at Fort 
Dufferin, Partridge Island, Fort Howe, Carleton Heights, Dor- 
chester battery and Red Head battery should a sudden emerg- 
ency arise. The defences at Fort Dufferin and St. Andrews 
were strengthened, and the report of the D. A. G. for the year 
commends Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Underhill, Captain 
POLLEYS and Captain Ring, of the artillery; Captain Perley, 
of the engineers ; Lieutenant-Colonel Macshane, Brigade-Major 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Cunard, district storekeeper, for their 



l6o HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

services in these necessary works. An offer for service abroad 
was also made by Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Underhill of two 
batteries from the brigade. Lieutenant-Colonel Maunsell, D. 
A. G., also says : 

"When offers to serve in any part of the world, at home 
or abroad, were being freely made on the part of a large 
portion of the active force of this district, it was deemed ad- 
visable to issue orders to all corps to hold themselves in 
readiness for any service, and while, in every instance, these 
orders were obeyed with alacrity, I must advert to the systematic 
way in which the Garrison Artillery at St. John (Lieutenant- 
Colonel Foster — five batteries) were detailed for duty at the 
forts and batteries, with the view to every officer, non-com- 
missioned officer and man knowing the part he would have to 
occupy for the defence of the important harbor of St. John " 

The corps^ was this year inspected by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Strange, inspector of artillery, who found the New Brunswick 
artillery together with those of Montreal the only really efficient 
artillery forces in the Dominion. Credit is given to Captain 
PoLLEYS, of St. Andrews, who had successfully reorganized a 
battery at that important position. 

A curious survival of an old volunteer custom is found in 
the records of this year. On 22nd July No. i battery met at 
the Orange Hall, Simonds street, and elected their non-com- 
missioned oflficers. On 27th December the Portland battery 
celebrated their anniversary in a very successful manner 
among those present being Brigade-Major Macshane, Lieut- 
enant-Colonel CuNARD and Captain Ewing. 

In this year also a new battery. No. 9, was formed under 
Captain Thomas W. Lander, at Fairville, in the county of 
St. John. Captain Lander had been a lieutenant in No. 2 
V)attery. Frederick H. Ellis was gazetted as first lieutenant, 
and a very efficient battery was raised. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. l6l 

During the early part of 1879 the corps were equipped with 
new helmets which added much to their appearance in the 
ceremonial display upon the arrival of H. R. H. the Princess 
Louise and His Excellency the Governor-General. The vice- 
regal party arrived at St. John on 6th August and the city was 
again en fete to honor another member of the royal family. 
Besides all the St. John batteries, a squadron of the 8th cavalry 
under Major Domville, the 62nd battalion under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Blaine, and N. B. Engineer Company under Captain 
Perley, took part in the ceremonies of welcome. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Maunsell, D. a. G., was in command of the whole 
force. The 62nd battalion furnished a guard of honor at the 
railway station, and the arrival of the party was announced by 
salutes from No. i battery. Captain Kerr, near the residence of 
Hon. Isaac Burpee, at Mount Pleasant; No. 3, Captain Ewing, 
at Zion Church, and No. 10, Captain Armstrong, at Wright 
street hill. It was the proud duty of Captain Armstrong to 
hoist the royal ensign and fire the royal salute of twenty-one 
guns." The men of the force who w^ere not engaged in saluting 
lined the streets through which the party passed on their way 
to Reed's Castle, the home of Captain R. R. Reed, a veteran 
artillery officer, which had been placed at the disposal of the 
visitors. Upon their visit to Carleton the following day Cap- 
tain Ring's, No. 2, battery fired a salute and a similar honor 
was tendered at Fredericton, on the 9th, by Captain Beck- 
vvith's company. Upon the return of the party to St. John 
on the 1 2th Captain Lander's battery fired a salute from 
Lancaster Heights, and upon their departure from the city the 
62 nd again furnished a guard of honor, and Captains Kane 
and Armstrong fired the parting salute. The services of the 
force on this important occasion were acknowledged by a gen- 



1 62 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

eral order to which in district orders Lieutenant-Colonel 
Maunsell added his thanks for the splendid work which had 
been done and his gratification at the neat appearance and 
cheerful obedience of the men. 

On the 17th January of this year Captain Polley's battery 
at St. Andrews rendered aid to the civil power on the occasion 
of the execution of T. Dowd, a murderer. An anticipated riot 
was prevented by prompt action and the ready response of the 
battery. 

The next year was an eventful one for the corps. The an- 
nual inspection was held in August, Lieutenant-Colonel Price 
Lewes being the inspecting officer. At gun practice No. 10 
battery, Captain Armstrong, won a silver mounted clarionet, 
and No. i, Captain Kane, a silver plated clarionet, both the 
gifts of Mr. G. J. Pine, of England, formerly of St. John. 
At the inspection Lieutenant-Colonel Foster said he had at- 
tended drill for fifty-three years and had never missed being 
present. Even assuming that the veteran officer was speaking 
generally, his was a splendid record and worthy of imitation 
by all officers. Few, of course, can serve for such a long 
period, but all can make it possible that their service shall be 
uninterrupted. Lieutenant-Colonel Price Lewes, in his report 
for the year, called attention to the fact that Lieutenant- 
Colonel Foster had served for over fifty years and deserved 
the highest credit for the efficiency of his brigade referred to 
in past reports. He suggested, in view of his advanced age, 
that he should relinquish the active command of the brigade 
and be appointed to the honorary command. This but fore- 
shadowed the severance of the happy relations which had so 
long existed between a worthy officer and the command by 
which he was regarded with respect and affection. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 63 

The Provincial Exhibition was opened in St. John on 5th 
October, with great brilliancy and display, by Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor TiLLEV, who was accompanied by Lieutenant-Governor Havi- 
LAND, of P. E. L, and many other distinguished statesmen 
and officials. The salute was fired from the guns of No. 10 
battery and the officers of city corps attended in uniform. 

In December, to the regret of the whole force, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Maunsell, D. a. G., was transferred to another dis- 
trict and was succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel Taylor, who 
proved during his administration to be a competent ofificer 
with ambition similar to that of his predecessor for the encourage- 
ment and improvement of every branch of the service. Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Maunsell was tendered a farewell dinner at the 
Dufferin Hotel, St. John, at which Lieutenant-Colonel Foster 
occupied the chair. 

On January 20th of the succeeding year a very pleasant 
gathering was held at the residence of Captain Armstrong on 
the occasion of the presentation to him by the non-commissioned 
ofificers and men of his battery of a handsome framed photo- 
graph of the ofificers and men of his command. The presen- 
tation was made by Lieutenant King, and testified that the 
Captain Armstrong of that day was as popular as is the Major 
Armstrong of to-day among all ranks of the militia. A sup- 
per was served, at- which Captain Armstrong occupied the 
chair, supported by Lieutenant-Colonel Blaine and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Foster. The vice chair was filled by Lieutenant 
King who had on either hand Major Farmer and Lieutenant- 
Colonel CuNARD. Among those present were Captain Kane, 
Lieutenant Steven, Surgeon Daniel, Sergeant-Major Hughes 
and Sergeant Langan. In response to the toast of the * N. B. 
B. G. A.' Lieutenant-Colonel Foster reviewed the history of 



164 HISTORICAL RFXORDS OF THE 

the corps and repeated his claim^ which is now thoroughly 
substantiated, that it is the oldest military organization in the 
Maritime Provinces. To this statement we may now add the 
wider field of Canada. 

In this year Lieutenant-Colonel Price Lewes resigned his 
position of assistant inspector of artillery, and since then no 
officer of this rank has been resident in New Brunswick. 

The camp at Sussex was augmented for the ist July by 
the addition of the N. B. B. G. A., the 63rd Rifles and 66th 
Princess Louise Fusiliers, from Halifax, and on this occasion 
the whole force was reviewed by His Excellency the Governor- 
General, a total strength of three thousand one hundred and 
seventy-nine being present. 

The annual inspection was this year held at Fort Dufferin 
by Major-General Luard and Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin, in- 
spector of artillery. It is to be regretted that one of those 
periods of depression which occur in every organization had 
overtaken the force and that it was not able to maintain its 
previous high character for efficiency. The attendance was 
good and the inspecting officer recognized that there was mater- 
ial for doing excellent work but with the exception of some 
detachments it had not been properly developed. But the 
brigade has always possessed a spirit of determination to sur- 
mount difficulties and correct deficiencies as soon as they are 
pointed out and thus animated have now more than regained 
the position which they previously held. 

In 1 88 1 was inaugurated the first of those artillery compe- 
titions which have done so much to improve our force and to 
bring us into touch with the artillery of the mother country. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Oswald, of the Montreal brigade, had the 
honor of commanding the first Shoeburyness team and of bring- 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 165 

ing to Canada in triumph the prize offered by the Governor- 
General for shifting ordnance. 

Next year the old custom of a salute on Loyalists' day was 
revived, one being fired at 7 o'clock in the evening by Cap- 
tain Armstrong's men. An entertainment commemorative of 
the day was held, and the citizens generally began to prepare 
for the centennial celebration to be held in the following year. 
Only Nos. i, 2 and 10 of the city batteries drilled this year, 
and No. 7 at Chatham. The system of credits for the 
Dominion Artillery Association prizes was extended to the 
Garrison Artillery, and this measure more than any other has 
been of benefit to the force. It has encouraged a competitive 
spirit from Vancouver to Halifax and stimulated all ranks to 
efforts which no other method could have induced. Since this 
time, too, the force has had the undivided attention of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Irwin, as inspector, and to him is due the 
credit for the high standard which has steadily been kept 
before it. The result of the inspection was a considerable im- 
provement upon that of the previous year. In the competition, 
which was made upon a basis considerably different from the 
present, No. i made 125.6; No. 2, 75.6; No. 7, 38.2; and 
No. 10, 93.6. No. I took third place in the Dominion. 

The celebration of the Centennial year, 1883, like everything 
else of deep interest to the community, was of great import- 
ance to the corps. Formed by the loyalist fathers of the 
city, for the defence of their infant colony, but a decade 
after their exile, the corps has always felt the influence of 
loyalist tradition. Then, too, its veteran commander was of 
loyalist descent and felt most deeply the importance of an 
impressive celebration of the hundredth anniversary of his 
forefathers' stand for British government. Accordingly active 



1 66 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

preparations were made in which not only the artillerymen as 
militia, but as citizens participated, and it was fitting that at 
midnight of the 17th of May, just as the first century faded 
into the second, the guns of the loyal artillery fired a salute 
at the Old Burying ground, where slumbered men who had 
founded a city and strengthened a nation. The night was calm 
and the echoes of the guns could be heard far away reverber- 
ating among the hills surrounding the city, as the chimes of 
Trinity church rang out on the midnight stillness. At seven 
o'clock the next morning a salute was fired consisting of fifty guns 
from No. i. Captain Kane, and of a like number from No. 2, 
Captain Ring. There was no turn out of the miHtia as a body, 
the idea being to reproduce the early life of the city, and in this 
the volunteers ably assisted. In the great procession which 
traversed air the principal thoroughfares of the city no pageant 
was more conspicuous than that of the 'Artillery Company of 
1793.' The uniform and equipment were faithfully reproduced, 
and indeed this was characteristic of the whole parade. From 
the Indian in his canoe, who greeted the Loyalists with a rifle 
shot on their landing, to the representation of the 104th Regi- 
ment on their famous march, every detail was a faithful re- 
production of the original. The celebration of this centennial 
did much to arouse interest both in military and historical 
matters. True is the saying of Edmund Burke, 'People will 
not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their 
ancestors,' and equally true is its converse. 

A church parade was held at St. Paul's Church on 17th 
September of that year, the corps being under the command 
of the major. Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel M. H. Peters. The 
sermon was preached by Rev. F. S. Sill. On this occasion 
the corps was headed by its fife and drum band. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 167 

The opening of the Dominion Exhibition on October ist 
was signaHzed by a salute from No. lo battery followed by 
H. M. S. Garnet^ then in harbor, running up the American 
flag and firing a royal salute. This courtesy was an acknowl- 
edgment of the American salute to the British flag at York- 
town. The U. S. S. Alliance^ Commander Reed, immediately 
responded with a salute, and thus, in the harbor of the Loy- 
alists was evidenced a reconciliation, effected by the community 
of ancestry and the healing hand of time. 

Inspection was held on 9th October by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Cotton, assistant inspector of artillery, who, in his report ad- 
verted to the intended retirement of Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, 
and congratulated him on the state in which he would hand over 
the brigade. On 12th December, 1883, the formal announcement 
was made that Lieutenant-Colonel Stephen Kent Foster was 
permitted to retire retaining rank, and thus ended the honor- 
able service of a gentleman whose first artillery commission 
bears the date of the 25th April, 1834, a continuous service 
of nearly half a century as an officer of his well loved corps, 
and much more than that as a member of the militia. Con- 
sequent upon his retirement the command of the brigade de- 
volved upon Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel M. H. Peters, who, 
being over the prescribed age could not be promoted to the 
regular command. 

In 1884 Staff-Sergeant Walling was sent from Quebec 
to instruct a team for the competition which was held at the 
latter place in September and in which the brigade had the 
honor of taking second place in the "B" or "go-as-you 
please" shift. Before leaving St. John Sergeant Walling was 
given a supper by the non-commissioned officers of the brigade. 

At the annual inspection Major-General Middleton was 



1 68 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

present and expressed himself as much pleased with the ap- 
pearance and work of the men. During the year Major and 
Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Pick and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel 
and Adjutant Underhill retired retaining their rank, and No. 
7 battery at Chatham was removed from the list. The other 
batteries outside of St. John had all become non-effective. 
These and other anticip; ted changes temporarily operated 
against the efficiency of the corps. 

In this year another change was made in the staff of the 
province, Lieutenant-Colonel Maunsell returning to the office 
of D. A. G. He was heartily welcomed back to the position 
which he has since held, and in which it is the hope of every 
volunteer he may long continue. 




I^iEUT.- Colonel Armstrong. 



N B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 69 



CHAPTER XVI. 

1885-1893. 

Lieutenant- Colonel Armstrong Takes Command — N^orth-West Behel- 
lion — Shoebiiryness — Death of Lieutenant- Colonel Peters — The 
Qtie^M's Jubilee — Death of Lieutenant-Colonel Foster — Two Carni- 
vals — Death of Major Seely — Building of Drill Sheds — Promotion 
of Major Gordon — Dawn of the Centennial. 



|N 9th January, 1885, an announcement of considerable 
importance to the corps appeared in general orders. 
It was that Major John R. Armstrong, of the 8th 
Cavalry had been appointed specially and provisionally to the 
command of the brigade. The step had been rendered abso- 
lutely necessary, but for some time the friends of the artillery 
were anxious as to the effect which it would have upon the 
force. 

Fortunately the corps appreciated the advisability of the ap- 
pointment and the reasons which required the ordinary rules 
of promotion to be set aside. Some of the officers, however, 
felt that they could no longer continue in their positions, and 
a number of resignations were received. This, of course, must 
be regretted, as it is always unpleasant to see men w^ho have 
served for a long time severing the ties which bind them to 
the force, but it must be admitted by all, from the standpoint 
of the present day, that the new commanding officer won the 
confidence of the brigade, was successful in filling up the vac- 
ancies, and that under him the corps has since equalled if 
not excelled its previous record. Lieutenant-Colonel Arm- 
strong had in 1865 been a private in the University Rifles at 



I-JO HISTORICAL RKC0RD3 OF THE 

King's College, Windsor, N. S., and afterwards a gunner in B, 
Lester Peters' battery. He was then appointed a lieutenant 
in the reserve militia and promoted to a captaincy therein. 
In June, 1880, he received a commission as major in the 
Princess Louise Hussars. 

Soon afterwards, by general order, No. 10 battery became 
1%), 4 and No. 9 was changed to No. 5. The idea of main- 
taining batteries outside of St. John was abandoned and the 
brigade was placed on the same footing as it is to-day. 

In March Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Peters retired retain- 
ing his rank. His was a long military career. In 1836 
and 1837 he had drilled in an infantry company at Frederic- 
ton, under command of Captain Fisher, father of the late 
Judge Fisher. In the fall of the latter year he enlisted in 
the York Light Dragoons, under Lieutenant-Colonel, the late 
Judge WiLMOT. In 1839 he was on service in the 'Aroostook 
war,' the dragoons being employed in conveying despatches 
from Woodstock to St. John, a work of no small difficulty in 
those ante-railroad days. His corps was then on duty about 
four months. In 1846 Lieutenant-Colonel Peters came to St. 
John to practice his profession, that of medicine, and he there 
joined the Queen's New Brunswick Rangers under Lieutenant- 
Colonel, the Hon. John H. Gray, remaining in that corps 
until he was transferred to No. 2 battery of the N. B. Regi- 
ment of Artillery at Carleton, of which he had command for 
many years, as before stated. Lieutenant-Colonel Peters always 
took the warmest interest in all things pertaining to the miUtia, 
and his record of nearly fifty years of service almost equals 
that of his commanding officer. The regret was general that 
his age prevented Lieutenant-Colonel Peters from obtaining 
the command of the brigade, a reward which he had fully 



N. 15. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I7I 

earned by years of arduous work and zealous service. 

About this time several other changes occurred. Paymaster 
King retired with his rank, and was succeeded by one of the 
truest friends of the corps, the late Captain George F. Smith. 
Later in the year Captains Ring, Ewing and Lander retired. 
As Captain Kane had already been succeeded by George B. 
Seely, this made an entire change of captains throughout the 
brigade, with the exception of No. 4 battery, of which Captain 
A. J. Armstrong retained command. There were but few 
lieutenants who had served in the old establishment and it 
was difficult work for new men to prepare the corps for in- 
spection. The loss of old and valued officers who had given 
many years of service to the corps and who had gained for it 
many successes, was deeply regretted on all hands, but at 
that time the step seemed to be necessary in their judgment. 
It is with pleasure that the brigade of to-day realizes that 
many of these officers who retired are among its most active 
supporters and warmest well-wishers. 

A school of instruction for officers was opened in March 
and conducted by Lieutenant, afterwards Captain and Adjutant 
Langan and Sergeant-Major Hughes. Later in the year the 
services of Corporal Donnington, R. A., from Halifax were 
obtained. 

The news of the fight at Duck Lake, on 28th March, alarmed 
the country and showed that the uprising of Riel had attained 
the full proportion of a rebellion. The enthusiasm of the 
militia of this province knew no bounds, and when on the 
nth May there sounded in New Brunswick the 'trumpet call 
throughout the land' that 'needs scarce repeated be' there was 
a ready response. Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong offered the 
services of the brigade. The lot, however, fell to their brethren 



172 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

of the 62nd battalion, who, in the short space of a week were en 
route. The scene of their embarkation at the I. C. R. station 
is one that will never fade from the memories of those who 
witnessed it. Though their services were not eventually re- 
quired yet while immediate employment was expected our sister 
corps displayed the readiness to face danger in the discharge 
of duty which is characteristic of the true British soldier. 

Though the artillery did not participate in the conflict yet 
Captain Harrison, who lately commanded No. 3 company, 
saw service in the Queen's Own Rifles, and Corporal Rich- 
ardson, who is referred to elsewhere, served in " A " battery. 

In September busbies were adopted as the brigade head- 
dress replacing the helmets and were provided at regimental 
expense. In the same month No. 5 battery, at the Orange 
hall, Fairville, presented their retiring captain, Thomas W. 
Lander, with an address and gold headed ebony cane. 

On October 4th a church parade was held at St. Paul's 
church, the sermon being preached by Rev. Mr. Walker. 
The next day the corps was inspected by Lieutenant-Colonel 
Irwin whose report says : * Their improvement since last year 
is most marked, and the interest shown by officers and non- 
commissioned officers in acquiring a knowledge of their duties 
promises well for increased efficiency in the future.' 

The following was the establishment of battery officers at the 

inspection : 

No. I — Captain^ Geo. B. Seely. 

Lieutenant^ S. D. Crawford. 
Second Lieutenant^ R. R. Ritchie. 

No. 2 — Lieutenant Commanding^ John J. Gordon. 
Second Lieutenant^ Geo. K. McLeod. 

No. 3 — Lieutenant Commanding^ Hedley V. Cooper. 
Second Lieutenant^ Wm. M. Botsford. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 73 

No. 4- Captain^ A. J. Armstrong. 
Lieutenatit^ Arthur S. Benn. 
Second Lieutefiant, Geo. W. Jones. 

No. 5 — Lieutenant Commanding^ E. J. Scammell. 
Second Lieutenant^ E. H. Turnbull. 

In November Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong, Captain Seely, 
Lieutenants Botsford, Jones and Scammell attended a special 
course at Quebec and obtained the necessary certificates to 
enable their rank to be confirmed. Surgeon Daniel also at- 
tended the course, and though the obtaining of a certificate 
was unnecessary for his position, showed great proficiency in 
the examination and received one of the highest certificates 
ever taken by an officer of the corps at the school. He is 
probably the only regimental surgeon in Canada who has also 
the qualification of a combatant officer. At the close of the 
year the lieutenant-colonel was appointed provincial A. D. C. 
to the Lieutenant-Governor. 

The formation of a band had already been made and on 
New Year's day, 1886, they appeared wearing the new busbies. 

At the annual meeting of the officers it was decided to pre- 
sent a gold medal for a skating competition to be held in the 
Lansdowne Rink. The medal was accordingly prepared and 
competed for. Paymaster Smith offered a prize for shifting 
ordnance. 

This year it was decided to send another artillery team to 
compete at Shoeburyness and the choice of commanding officer 
fell upon Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong. The brigade was 
also represented by Sergeant Albert K. Pratt, of No. i bat- 
tery, while Sergeant Good, of the Woodstock field battery was 
also contributed by New Brunswick. Captain, now Major C. 
W. Drury, R. C. a., a former officer of the brigade, was 



174 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the adjutant of the team. After practice at Quebec the team 
sailed for England on 22nd July and arrived at London 
on the 31st. The competition took place in the following 
week and the Canadian team was most successful. In the 
competition for the Montreal Merchants' Challenge Cup, 
which had previously been won by the British team, the Can- 
adians fired against a detachment selected by lot from the win- 
ning detachments of the week previous. The choice fell on 
the team which had the highest score in the grand aggregate. 
Yet the Canadian team won the prize and also the Marquis of 
Londonderry's Challenge Cup and the Governor-General's Cup 
for a special shift. They also won from ninety-two detach- 
ments nine silver cups presented by Sir Richard Wallace, 
Bart., M. P., the first prize in a 64-pr. firing competition, be- 
sides receiving a certificate of merit in the 10 inch R. M. L. gun 
competition. The record of the team is a high one, and the 
regiment is deservedly proud of the fact that it was com- 
manded by the same officer who is at the head of the corps. 

Captain Armstrong obtained the majority this year and dur- 
the absence of the colonel was in command of the brigade. 
Lieutenants Gordon, Botsford, Jones and Scammell were 
promoted to the captaincy of Nos. 2, 3, 4 and 5 batteries. 

On the I St of July the corps held a programme of sports 
on the Barrack square which was largely attended, and the 
events included a shift to give the spectators an idea of the 
work to be performed by the Shoeburyness team in England. 
An accident unfortunately prevented the shift being done in 
fast time. 

The year was essentially one of church parades. No. 3 held 
tlie first at St. Luke's church, and later in the summer Nos. 
2 and 5 attended service at Carleton Presbyterian church. 




Major A. J. ARMSXRoxr. 



N. v.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 175 

Besides these there was the brigade church parade at St. Paul's 
church on July 12th, when Canon DeVeber preached. This 
parade was under command of Major Armstrong. 

On the morning of September 29th the brigade, under Major 
Armstrong and headed by the band, marched to the resi- 
dence of Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong, on Wellington Row, 
and welcomed home their commanding officer with a general 
salute and an address of congratulation from the major who 
had so ably looked after the interests of the corps during the 
colonel's absence. 

At the inspection on 8th October, Lieutenant-Colonel Maun- 
SELL, D. A. G., presented Lieutenant Harrison with the North- 
West medal and Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin handed a similar 
memento to Sergeant Richardson, who had been promoted 
to staff sergeant. The result of the inspection was that No. 4 
battery made 109 points out of a possible 129, and took second 
place in the general efficiency competition though, unfortunately, 
at that time there was no second prize among garrison bat- 
teries. After inspection a dinner was given at the Dufferin 
hotel by the corps to Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong for the 
celebration of the victories achieved by the Shoeburyness team. 
Major Armstrong presided ; on his right sat the guest of the 
evening, and on his left Lieutenant-Colonel Maunsell, D. A. G. 

It was soon to be the turn of the gallant major to be honored 
at festivities of a similar character. He would himself prob- 
ably say that the greatest honor that an officer can receive 
is one paid to him by the men who have been under his 
command, and one of the proudest moments of his hfe was 
on the 5th November when at a supper which he gave to 
No. 4 battery, his old command, he was presented with a 



1^6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

beautifully illuminated address and a handsome walking stick 
bearing the inscription : — 

Presented to 

Major A. J. Armstrong, 

by the 

Non-commissioned Officers and Gunners 

No. 4 Battery, N. B. B. G. A., 

1886. 

The corps was not destined to have the new major long in 
the saddle, though while life lasts he will always be with them 
in spirit. In February of the next year he was appointed dis- 
trict storekeeper for the Province of New Brunswick, and his 
pleasant companionship with the corps came to an end so far 
as the militia lists can testify. 

At the annual meeting of officers on 14th March, 1887, 

a vote of thanks was passed to Blair Botsford, Esq., of 

Dorchester, N. B., for the gift of a valuable challenge cup 

which has since been competed for among the batteries by 

the non-commissioned officers' answers to questions. In case 

of a tie it is decided by the officers' answers to their questions. 

The officers also passed the following resolution upon the death 

of the late Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Peters which occurred 

on 5th February, 1887 : — 

Whereas, The late Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Hunter 
Peters, lately in command of this corps, has departed this 
life, having served with the militia volunteers of this province 
for a period of over forty years ; therefore 

Resolved, That the officers of the New Brunswick Brigade 
Garrison Artillery do hereby place on record their feelings of 
respect and esteem for the late Lieutenant-Colonel Peters. 
Always willing to devote his time, attention and ability to the 
service of his country, and in aid of his fellow men, he at 
last lost his life in the commendable effort of saving his neigh- 
bors' property from destruction by fire ; and further 





b 



Brevet lyieut.-Colonel Martin Hunter Peters. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 77 

Resolved^ That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the 
widow of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Peters with the sincere 
condolence of the members of this brigade. 

This year forms another landmark for the St. John militia. 
It being the Jubilee year of Her Majesty's accession to the 
throne, it was the feeling of all that it should be fittingly cele- 
brated, and this feeling was naturally very strong among the 
militia. Accordingly a grand demonstration was planned by 
the city force, which should include the ' trooping of the colors' 
a ceremony that had not been performed in St. John since 
the departure of the regular troops. The 21st June was ob- 
served as the official holiday, and at 2 p. m. on that day were 
brigaded under Lieutenant-Colonel Blaine, the artillery com- 
manded by Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong, the 62nd battalion 
under Major Tucker, and the St. John Rifle Company, Cap- 
tain Hartt. Major Markham of the 8th Princess Louise Regi- 
ment of cavalry acted as orderly officer. Arrived at the Market 
Square the artillery were posted on the south, the 62nd and Rifle 
Company on the north while the ceremony of trooping the color 
was performed. The artillery then took up their position on 
the North Wharf and a feu de joie was fired by the brigade, 
the artillery firing seven rounds from their guns three times. 
The brigade then marched past twice and after several man- 
oeuvres a hollow square was formed, two volleys fired and the 
brigade reformed in line and advanced in review order. Further 
detail of the events of the day is unnecessary. Suffice it to say 
that on all hands there was loud praise for the citizen soldiery 
of all ranks, and that all did their best to honor the Sovereign 
whose regnal jubilee was a festival of rejoicing throughout her 
mighty empire. 

On August 2 1 St the corps attended divine service at St. 



178 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THfc: 

Stephen's church, where an excellent address was given by Rev. 
Dr. Macrae. Inspection took place on the following day 
when Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin, the inspecting officer, handed 
to Gunner Edwards, of No. 3 battery, a gold maltese cross, 
the gift of Lieutenant Harrison, for attendance at drill. In the 
evening there was a regimental dinner at the Dufferin hotel 
which passed off with all the pleasantness usual to such affairs. 
In the following month at the competition at the Island of 
Orleans No. 4 battery won the Montreal Challenge Cup for 
highest 40-pr. aggregate from twenty competing detachments. 
This battery was again second in general efficiency, though 
for this there was no prize. No. i took fourth place. 

At the annual meeting held i8th March of the succeeding 
year it became the sad duty of the officers to again record the 
passing away of another who had lately been associated with 
the corps. The death of Lieutenant-Colonel Foster was the 
subject of the following resolutions : 

Whereas, On the 20th December last, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Stephen Kent Foster departed this life, full of years and in 
the enjoyment to the greatest extent of the respect and esteem 
of the public ; and 

Whereas, Colonel Foster was appointed lieutenant in the 
corps April 26th, 1834; captain, March 31st, 1841; major, 
August 14th, 1848; lieutenant-colonel, December 6th 1859, re- 
tiring in 1884; and thus served as an officer of the corps 
continuously for the exceptionally long period of half a century, 
and was for twenty-five years of this period its commanding 
officer ; therefore 

Resolved, That we, the officers of the N. B. B. G. A., here- 
by express our appreciation of the personal worth of our late 
commander, and our admiration of his untiring zeal, and the 
ability he displayed in keeping his corps in a condition of 
strength and efficiency for so many years — no small achieve- 
ment, and one demanding more than average executive powers ; 



N. B. GARKISOK ARTILLKKY. 1 79 

nor would we forget those pleasant traits of disposition which 
gained for him the affectionate regard of the officers and men 
under his command, and made his death a personal loss to 
so many ; and further 

Resolved, That the above resolutions be entered on the rec- 
ords of the brigade, and a copy sent to the family of the late 
Colonel Foster. 

No. 2 battery, under Captain Gordon, developed consider- 
able energy this year. They obtained subscriptions from the 
citizens for the erection of a band stand on the Market square, 
Carleton, which has since been frequently used greatly to the 
pleasure of the residents of that side of the harbor. The stand 
was opened on the evening of loth July, No. 2 battery, headed 
by the Carleton Serenade Band, marching from their quarters 
to the square, forming a circle about the stand and firing three 
volleys. The citizens, by subscription, presented a silver cup 
to the battery which has since been annually competed for on 
the ist July. The church parade was held on 19th August, 
at St. John's church. Rev. John DeSoyres officiating, and in- 
spection took place on the 22nd by Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin. 
The result was highly satisfactory. No. i battery winning the 
second prize, the Lansdowne cup, for general efficiency, with 
126 points out of a possible 148. No. 4 battery was not far 
behind, taking third place with 119 points. At the Island of 
Orleans, Captain Crawford, of No. 3, won the officers' first 
prize, following in the footsteps of his colonel who had won 
it in the year previous. The corps gave a ball on 28th Sept- 
ember at which they entertained over four hundred guests. 
The affair took place in Berryman's hall and no labor was 
spared to make the surroundings as attractive as possible. The 
dance was popularly voted the most successful of society events 
for many years, and the brigade was much encouraged to re- 
peat the entertainment in subsequent years. 



l8o HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

No. 2 battery in this year decided to build a drill shed for 
themselves and started out to raise the funds by a series of 
concerts. One was held in the Carleton City Hall on Novem- 
ber 29th at which a good programme was given. Among the 
principal features was the revival of the old 'Chesapeake and 
Shannon,' which has since been the marching song of that 
battery. 

One of Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong's Christmas boxes 
this year was an appointment as A. D. C. to His Excellency 
the Governor-General. 

In February, 1889, Captain Seely was promoted to the 
majority, and in the following May Captain Crawford of No. 
3 battery was transferred to No. i ; Lieutenant McLeod being 
promoted to the captaincy of No. 3. Major Seely was pre- 
sented with a handsome gold headed cane by his battery upon 
his promotion. 

The winter carnival, held on 27 th February, was participated 
in by the artillery as the following newspaper extract will show : 

"To the' artillery belongs the honor of a fine historic repre- 
sentation, and to Portland battery credit must be given for a 
tableau expressive of loyalty. No. i and No. 4 batteries joined 
in a scene illustrative of the overland journey of the Imperial 
troops in 1861, when all England and America were excited 
over the seizure by the latter power of Mason and Seidell, 
the Confederate commissioners to England. It is fresh in the 
recollection of many persons how the troops were hurried out 
to Canada and up through our province to Quebec. The 
transport arrangements of the home authorities were well imi- 
tated yesterday by the artillery, and effective scenes were pre- 
sented by the sledges where artillerymen wrapped in their great 
coats were seated in the rough and ready conveyances. Follow- 
ing the teams with the men were other teams laden with field 
pieces, wheels and limbers. The teams had the mottoes, ' Trent 
Affair,' Riviere du Loup 'via Nerepis,' 'via Fredericton,' 'St. 



N n. GARRISON ARTILLERY. l8l 

John the winter port in '6i, why not '89?' More teams fol- 
lowed laden with the knapsacks and other equipments of the 
men. 

No. 3's show was really fine. On arches over their sledges were 
the mottoes ' Long live Victoria ' and ' Every ready,' besides 
others. Under a canopy stood a number of non-commissioned 
officers and men in full uniform with fixed swords. At the 
rear of the sledge was a brass field piece. 

The display was fine and was much enhanced by the 
thought that, if needed, gallant No. 3 would stand by their 
motto of * Ever ready.' The whole parade of the artillery was 
headed by a sleigh containing Lieutenant-Colonel J. R. Arm- 
strong, Major A. J. Armstrong, Surgeon Daniel, Captain 
G. B. Seely, Captain G. W. Jones, Lieutenant W. W. White. 

If 1887 was distinctively 'Jubilee Year,' 1889 was Carnival 
year. July 23rd was the day of the Summer Carnival, the en- 
joyment of which was much enhanced by the presence in port 
of H. M. S. 'Jourmaline. In the evening a brigade was 
formed under Lieutenant-Colonel Blaine consisting of the 
blue jackets of the warship with their field pieces, ,the marines, 
artillery, 62tid, and rifle company. The color was trooped on 
the Market square, and the marines under Lieutenant Hen- 
derson, R. M. L. I., performed the bayonet exercise with 
beautiful precision. The blue jackets, under Lieutenant Bar- 
ton, R. N., next gave an exhibition of field gun drill which 
drew forth the applause of thousands of spectators. The bri- 
gade marched past in column and quarter column and returned 
to the drill shed where Lieutenant-Colonel Maunsell, D. A. G., 
addressed the men. 

At inspection Corporal Sullivan, of No. 3, won Lieutenant 
Harrison's prize, a breast-pin, for best attendance at drill in 
his battery. No. 4 battery secured the Botsford cup. The 
church parade was held at St. Luke's church, on August nth, 
Rev. L. G. Stevens preaching the sermon. 



1 82 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The next year the brigade sustained a severe loss by the 
sudden death on March 21st of Major George B. Seely, 
who, in a few years had risen to the second position in the 
corps and was respected for his abiUty and kindHness of heart. 
Many a young officer was encouraged by him, and many an 
older one strengthened by his wise and timely advice. With 
a hopeful career before him at the bar of his province, his 
death was not merely a loss to a single organization but to 
the community. When but a lad of fifteen, the Fenian trouble 
broke out, and young Seely, then a member of a school cadet 
corps, enlisted in a company of York county miHtia and went 
to the front. His record as an officer in the corps has been 
already told. Owing to his illness being of a contagious nature 
the funeral was private, but the officers of the brigade followed 
the hearse to the railway station from whence the body was taken 
to Fredericton, where it was interred. The Infantry School corps 
there preceded the hearse and as the body of Major Seely was 
laid to rest by the side of his father three volleys paid sorrow- 
ful tribute to the departed. His death cast a gloom over the 
annual meeting which was held on March 31st, and at which the 
following resolutions were adopted :— 

Whereas^ We are called upon to mourn the loss by death 
of Major Geo. B. Seely, of this corps ; 

Resolved, That we, the officers of the N. B. B. G. A., place 
on record an expression of our deep sorrow and regret for the 
loss of a brother officer, who, since his connection with this 
corps in 1885 has taken the greatest interest in it, and has 
been both a strength and an ornament thereto. 

As a battery officer he was not only respected and beloved 
by his men, but by his painstaking attention to his military 
duties, indefatigable zeal and honorable ambition to place his 
command at the head of the list, he succeeded in gaining for No. i 
i)attery a position for efficiency which was second to but one 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 83 

in the whole artillery of Canada. As a member of the regimental 
committee his cool, clear judgment was invaluable, and he was 
ever ready and willing to give to its deliberations the benefit 
of his presence and advice. 

We admired him for his manly bearing, his intellectual 
ability, his firm integrity and his patriotism; we loved him for 
his constant courtesy, his fidelity and his kindness of heart. 

Resolved, That we send a copy of the foregoing resolutions 
to his widowed mother, to whom we would also most respect- 
fully extend our warmest sympathy in her deep affliction. 

In that year the brigade obtained from the city of St. John 
two lots of land on Winslow street, Carleton, for the erection 
of a drill shed. The corps during the year built a shed on 
Fort Howe for No. 3 battery at a cost of about $1000, of 
which only $250 was contributed by the government. A man- 
ual of rifle and artillery exercises was published by the corps, 
the work being compiled by Captain Langan and Lieutenant 
Baxter. Church parade was again held at St. John's church, 
and the sermon preached by Rev. John DeSoyres, the rector. 
Inspection was held on August 28th, and on the 29th the 
officers entertained Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin at dinner at the 
Dufiferin hotel. No. i battery was successful in winning the 
Botsford cup, and the event was duly celebrated by a supper 
given by its officers to the battery on the evening of Septem- 
ber 8th. In the fall of this year His Excellency the Governor- 
General and Lady Stanley of Preston visited the city. A 
salute was fired from Fort Howe on the arrival of the train. 
On the 1 8th December the death occurred of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Jago to whom frequent reference has before been made in 
these pages. 

In 1 89 1 the corps provided a drill shed for Carleton battery 
which however was not completed in time for occupation for 
the purposes of that year's drill. The cost was $1200, of which 



1 84 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the government gave the small grant of $250. At the annual 
church parade to St. John's church on August 30th, a number of 
the officers of H. M. S. Tourmalme, which was again in port, ac- 
companied the staff of the brigade. Rev. G. E. Lloyd, formerly 
chaplain of the Queen's Own Rifles, preached the sermon. On 
September 2nd the bluejackets of the Tourmaline joined with 
the artillery and 62nd in another demonstration which was quite 
as successful as the one previously mentioned. After the par- 
ade the men of the several corps were entertained at the drill 
shed by His Worship Mayor Peters. 

The inspection by Lieutenant-Colonel Montizambert re- 
sulted in No. I battery winning third prize, $25, in the general 
efficiency with 247 out of a possible 260 points. The Botsford 
cup was also won by this very efficient battery. 

Another brilliant event in the social history of the corps was 
the ball held in the assembly rooms of the Mechanics' Insti- 
tute, on April 30th following. The brigade again entertained 
some hundreds of their friends. Among those invited were the 
officers of Infantry School Corps, Fredericton ; 8th Cavalry, 
Halifax Garrison Artillery; Brighton Engineers; 66th P. L. F., 
Halifax; 62nd, 66th, 71st and 74th Battalions, and the St. John 
Rifle Company. This year's inspection found both Nos. i 
and 4 in the third place with 244 points each. They divided 
the prize. No. 4 was the winner of the Botsford cup. All ol 
the city corps attended service on the same day, August 21st. 
A brigade was formed which was afterwards separated, the 
artillery going to St. John's church and the 62nd and Rifle 
company to the Mission church. The vacant majority was 
filled on 1 6th December by the promotion of Captain Gordon, 
of No. 2 battery, who was succeeded in the command of the 
battery by Lieutenant Baxter. On New Year's day, 1893, the 



N. P.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 85 

new major received a testimonial of the esteem in which he was 
held by his old command. At the 'At Home' given by the band, 
Captain Baxter read an address from the battery and presented 
Major Gordon with a neat gold headed cane suitably inscribed. 
On the same day a brief historical sketch of the corps, the 
precursor of this volume, was published in the Canadian Mili- 
tary Gazette. 

The Dominion Artillery Association at their annual meeting 
in the following year chose Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong as 
their president. 

At the regimental meeting on March 27th, 1893, the follow- 
ing was adopted : — 

' Resolved^ That the ofificers of the New Brunswick Brigade 
'of Garrison Artillery desire to express to Lieutenant-Colonel 
'Arbuthnot Blaine, late commanding the 62nd St. John 
' Fusiliers, and senior officer at this station, upon his retire- 
' ment therefrom, their appreciation of his long and successful 
' work in the militia service, and their sincere hope that he 
'm^y live for many years to see the continued prosperity of 
'the force which has so warm a place in his heart.' 

It was also resolved to celebrate the centenary of the corps 
in a suitable manner. How that was done must be told in 
another chapter. 



1 86 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



CHAPTER XVII. 

The Sergeant-Major and Non-Commissioned 
Officers. 



I^IGH in importance among the elements of a successful 
f/T corps are the non-commissioned officers. It is not 
necessary to repeat the trite language of the drill books 
as a definition of their duties. No mere words can describe 
their usefulness, and their duties can only be learned by ex- 
perience and common sense. Much of the success which has 
attended our corps in the past and a great measure of its 
present strength lies in the ability and good judgment of the 
men who wear the stripes. Under the present excellent sys- 
tem, which requires each non-commissioned officer to answer 
a number of questions each year ensuring some theoretical 
knowledge on their part, and by the judicious selections for 
appointment which have been made in all the companies, the 
efficiency of the non-commissioned officers has been maintained. 
Too much importance cannot be attached to the manner in 
which a recruit receives his first instruction, and as this is 
generally given by a sergeant or corporal, their ranks should 
be held in high regard. An excellent feature of the regiment 
is that many of its officers have served in the ranks and are, 
by practice, well acquainted with the adaptation of drill to the 
needs of the soldier and the service. 

Among the non-commissioned officers of the regiment the 
Sergeant-Major is of course chief in rank, but more than that 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 87 

he is first in the affections both of officers and men. His 
connection with our force dates from 1862 when he came to 
St. John from Hahfax in the gunboat Spiteful. Sergeant-Major 
Samuel Hughes was then in "K" battery, 4th brigade, R. A., 
under Captain Strangways, and at St. John was with his bat- 
tery transferred to Captain Morris' "A" battery, 8th brigade. 
He arrived in St. John October 31st, 1862, and for thirty- three 
years has been a 'resident of the city. For some years he was 
occasionally detailed to give instruction to the local batteries in 
field gun drill, and in 1866 on the strong representation of Major 
Jago was transferred to the N. B. Regiment of Artillery, being 
at the same time placed on the Coast Guard, R. A., as brigade 
sergeant-major. The latter step gave him a permanent rank in 
the Imperial force, while in the militia artillery he became 
regimental sergeant-major. Since that time his service has been 
constant. Many officers of our corps since that time have 
passed through his hands for instruction, and hundreds of 
recruits have been by him initiated into the mysteries of drill. 
With the right siege train at Sebastopol he took part in four bom- 
bardments, was wounded on 6th June and 7th September, 1855, 
being present at the fall of the great fortress, and proudly wears 
the reward of his services in the Crimean medals. Every offi- 
cer and man of the corps will join in saying that the tokens 
of honor were never displayed on a braver or more faithful 
breast. Sergeant-Major Hughes was born at Porthywayne, 
Shropshire, on the borders of Wales, on 25th July, 1835, ^"^ 
has therefore recently completed his sixtieth year. May he 
many times again appear on parade with the corps for which 
he has worked so strenuously and which is so greatly indebted 
to him. 

A quarter of a century ago he was held in such esteem by 



1 88 HISTORICAL rp:cords of the 

the corps, that, at a parade in Merritt's building, he was pre- 
sented by the brigade, through Lieutenant-Colonel Foster, 
with a handsome gold watch, bearing the following inscription : 

'•Presented to 

Sergeant-Major S. Hughes, R. A., 

by the officers, non-commissioned officers and gunners of 

Batteries i, 2, 3, 10, N. B. B. Garrison Artillery, 

Dominion of Canada, January 27th, 1870." 

The following address accompanied the gift : 

New Brunswick Brigade of Garrison Artillery, 

Headquarters, St. John, N. B., 
Dominion of Canada, January 27, 1870. 

Sergeant-Major Hughes, R. A. : 

The staff officers of the brigade, and the officers, non-com- 
missioned officers and gunners of batteries Nos. i, 2, 3 and 
10, under the respective commands of Major George H. 
Pick, Major M. H. Peters, Major R. Farmer and Captain 
John Kerr, have great pleasure in recording their unanimous 
approval of the faithful and efficient manner in which you have 
discharged the duty of your position of drill instructor to this 
portion of the brigade, from the date of your appointment in 
September, 1863, to the present time. 

On several occasions during that period the batteries were 
inspected by Major-General Sir H. Doyle, and other govern- 
ment officers of Her Majesty's Service, all of whom bestowed 
the highest encomiums on the practical results of your tuition. 

As drill instructor to the corps, your ability and happy man- 
ner of imparting knowledge, have secured our fullest confidence, 
and as a man, your exemplary conduct has won our highest 
respect and esteem. 

As a small token of our friendship we ask you to accept 
this gold watch and chain ; and our best wishes for your future 
happiness and prosperity. 

(Signed) S. K. Foster, 

Lieutenant-Colonel commanding. 



Sergeant-Major Hughes. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 89 

Sergeant Hughes responded as follows : 

Lieu tenant- Colon el Foster and Staff Officers of the Brigade of 
Garrison Artillery of N'e^v Brunswick : 

Majors Pick, Peters and Farmer, and Captain Kerr, to- 
gether with the respective non-commissioned officers and gunners 
under their respective commands, having declared through you 
their approval of the manner in which I have discharged my 
duty as drill instructor, and also referred to the flattering re- 
marks made on several occasions by General Sir C. Hast- 
ings Doyle in reference to the high state of discipline which 
you have acquired, nothing, sir, can possibly be more gratify- 
ing to the British soldier than to know his humble services 
have met with the approbation of his commanding and other 
officers, also the non-commissioned officers and gunners of the 
portion of the service to which he belongs. And with reference 
to the discipline of these batteries, I have only to state that 
when I consider the facilities granted by my officers and the 
untiring zeal and determination of the non-commissioned officers 
and gunners to approach as near as possible the perfection of 
Her Majesty's artillery of the regular army, that had we failed 
to elicit favorable remarks from Sir C. Hastings Doyle, I 
would have decidedly looked upon myself, and myself alone, 
as the person to blame ; but I have also to add the testimony 
of a gentleman of long military experience, and who has wit- 
nessed the manavuring of volunteers in different parts of the 
several provinces in our Dominion, that the artillery to which 
we have the honor to belong will bear favorable comparison 
with those he has seen in other places. 

And with reference to the gold watch and chain - a token 
of your kindness to me, which I neither expected nor deserved 
— a present which, notwithstanding its great value, shall be 
prized by me as a great treasure, chiefly as a memento of the 
happy years I have spent with the Volunteer Artillery of St. 
John, New Brunswick, and for which I can only return you 
all my sincere thanks. 

The sergeant-major, besides his other decorations, has also 
received the medal bestowed for long service and good conduct, 
one of the proudest emblems which a soldier can display. A 



90 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



portion of the period of service for which this medal was 
granted was spent in the regiment. 

Though the corps did not directly contribute to the force 
engaged in the suppression of the rebellion in the North-West, 
yet, as before mentioned, one officer, Captain Harrison, saw- 
service, though before he was connected with the brigade. The 
corps had another representative in the field in the person of 
Corporal Thomas Richardson of No. 4 battery, who, while 
attending a short course at "A" battery, Quebec, volunteered 
and went to the front. He served in the engagements at Fish 
Creek and Batoche. Upon his return he was banquetted at the 
Clarendon Hotel by his comrades of No. 4, and was presented 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong with a handsome meerschaum 
pipe, on the silver ferrule of which the names of the battles 
were engraved. The pipe was the gift of No. 4 Battery, and 
was accepted by the recipient with modest thanks. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. I9I 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

The Band. 

The Music, of the Corps and Its Makers — Formation of the Band — 
What Has Been Done and Who Have Done It — Present Member- 
ship. 

^"^HE Artillery band has become such a leading organization 
Vy among the musical circles of Saint John, that in a his- 
tory of the corps it requires to be dealt with by itself. 
Of course, like the rest of the regiment, much of its work is 
of a routine character which would be very dry reading, but, 
nevertheless, it has been the patient performance of just such 
routine work which has enabled the band to occupy the same 
relative position among other bands as the corps does among 
other corps, and that is, be it modestly said, a high one for 
efficiency. Prior to 1885 the artillery had to depend upon hiring 
the services of civilian bands or at times to rely on such a 
fife and drum organization as could be got together. The lat- 
ter was at times very good while at other periods probably the 
less said about it the better. Upon the present lieutenant- 
colonel assuming command it was decided to bring the musi- 
cal department into line with the other work of the corps, and, 
by great good fortune, the brigade possessed the right man to 
do it. He was soon put in the right place and to Captain 
S. D. Crawford, for many years president of the band com- 
mittee, is almost entirely due the great success with which the 
band has met and the steady increase in its efificiency. Nor 
has his task been unattended with difificulty for the selection 
and maintenance of an efficient musical organization is prob- 
ably one of the most difficult tasks which can be undertaken. 



192 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

The right man must be selected and the tuition must be care- 
fully watched. Engagements for the services of the band have 
to be made with a due regard to the interests of the corps 
and with consideration for the fact that almost every engage- 
ment takes at least a portion of the men from their daily 
vocations. All of these things have been well and carefully 
done and the corps appreciates the fact that the success is 
due to the enthusiasm and untiring energy of the president of 
the band committee. In 1885 there existed what was known 
as the City Brass Band. They were unpretentious musicians 
but anxious for improvement, and for a chance to show what 
they could do under favorable conditions. Negotiations were 
carried on for some time which resulted in the appearance of 
the band in the uniform of the corps, on October ist, 1885. 
Three days later the band accompanied the brigade to divine 
service. The leader was Michael Madigan, a veteran of the 
Crimean war. The men enrolled were : — 

James Holman, Albert Burgess, 

Charles H. Smith, John M. Jenkins, 

Wm. Duncan, Wm. Mitchell, 

Thos. Duncan, Samuel Patterson, 

J. A. LiPSETT, Albert Watters, 

Joseph Matthews, A. J. Charlton, 

and soon afterwards John Tenfold, Fred. Meneley and 
Fred. W. Amland were added to the roll. 

At the inspection of 1885 the corps had music, not, per- 
haps, of a very ambitious character, but the men who made 
it were bound that it should be improved. It was then a 
difficult matter for the infant band to obtain engagements, and 
Mr. A. B. CoLWELL, afterwards an enthusiastic member who 
contributed an excellent newspaper sketch of its history, is 
authority for the statement that members of other bands would 




Captain S. D. Crawford, 
(President of the Band Committee. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 93 

not give their assistance even for pay. In the next year Mr. 
CoLWELL and James Sullivan joined the band, and contrib- 
uted much to its efficiency. During the winter of 1886 the 
band was instructed by M. J. Penfold, of the Royal Irish 
Rifles, but his removal to Halifax, after a few months' service, 
left them again without a tutor. The corps provided a set of 
new instruments in this year, and near its close Charles H. 
Williams, who had formerly been band sergeant on H. M. S. 
Royal Alfred^ was engaged as bandmaster. Under his tuition they 
came on rapidly and were emboldened to enter the lists in a 
band competition in which the 62nd battalion and the City 
Cornet bands took part. This was in 1887, ^"^ the tyros re- 
ceived honorable mention from the judge, Bandmaster Coole, 
of the 2nd battalion York and Lancaster Regiment. In the 
previous summer the boys had secured an engagement with 
the St. John firemen who visited Halifax to participate in a 
tournament. They acquitted themselves so creditably that the 
obtaining of engagements became no longer difficult. Their 
progress continued in the right direction under Mr. Williams 
until, in 1889, it was felt by the band committee that the ex- 
clusive services of a bandmaster were required for so good an 
organization, Mr. Williams being instructor for three city 
bands. Mr. J. M. White then took up the baton which he 
wielded until the end of the year, when the present bandmaster, 
Thomas W. Horsman, took charge. The result has been 
surprising, for today the Artillery band acknowledges no 
superior in the Maritime Provinces and possibly the field 
of competition might be more extended. Mr. Horsman, 
who was born in Leeds, England, in 1857, enrolled as 
a bandsman in the 2nd battalion Royal West Kent Regi- 
ment when but 14 years of age. His studies on the baritone 



194 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

showed such proficiency that he was sent by the officers of his 
reginnent to Kneller Hall, where the more promising musicians 
of war receive their education. Here he spent two years under 
instruction and was made the euphonium soloist of the Hall. 
He rejoined his regiment, now known as the 97th, at Bermuda, 
in 1874, and has since followed its fortunes in Halifax, Gib- 
raltar and South Africa, in which latter place it was stationed 
during the Boer expedition in 1879-80. The regiment was 
then sent to Dublin where the subject of this sketch obtained 
his discharge. He then came to Halifax and played in the 
band of the Halifax Garrison Artillery and that of the 63rd 
Rifles until he removed to St. John to take charge of the band 
of this corps. Mr. Horsman volunteered for service in the 
North-West campaign and went to the front as a sergeant in 
No. 2 company of the Halifax Garrison Artillery. 

It may be said of our bancT that since its formation it has 
shared in every event in which the corps has taken part. In 
the hours of gaiety it has furnished music for the ballroom, and 
in those of mourning its strains of sorrow have expressed the 
sentiments of the regiment. 

The whole cost of maintaining the band has been borne by 
the officers of the corps without calling on the public for any 
assistance. The present set of instruments is worth about 
$1500, and additions in number and value are yearly being 
made. 

The Christmas season of 1890 found the boys so jubilant 
over their successes that they serenaded many of the officers 
of the corps. They also acknowledged the arduous work done 
on their behalf by Captain Crawford by presenting him with 
an address and a souvenir of the occasion. A presentation 



N. P.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 95 

was also made to Bandmaster Horsman, evidencing the good 
feeling which then and ever since has existed between him 
and his men. 

On New Year's day, 1891, the band held an "At Home" 
in their rehearsal rooms, to which, besides the officers and 
non-commissioned officers of the corps, many prominent citizens 
and friends of the band were invited. This event has become 
a custom, which was unfortunately interrupted in the present 
year because of the death of a near relative of one of the 
bandsmen. These social gatherings have always been of an 
exceedingly pleasant nature and have done much to familiarize 
both the corps and the public with the personnel and work of 
the band. 

On 17th May, 1892, the band, under the auspices of the 
officers of the corps gave a concert in the Opera House, St. 
John, which was spoken of in the highest terms. On this 
occasion the band w^as assisted by Mrs. John Black, Miss 
PiDGEON and Mr. A. M. F. Custance, three well-known 
vocalists. 

The band paid a visit to Charlottetown, P. E. I., in July, 
where they entered into a band competition and were awarded 
the first prize. 

Their participation in the celebration of the centennial 
of the corps appears elsewhere and space forbids an ex- 
tended notice of the many functions in which they have 
taken part. In 1895 they added a new feature to their an- 
nual programme by giving a special "At Home " to their lady 
friends on February 4th, which, it is almost needless to say, 
proved a most enjoyable affair. The present membership and 
instrumentation of the band is as follows : 



1^6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



BANDMASTER. 

Thomas W. Horsman. 

SERGEANTS. 

Arthur B. Farmer. Fred Meneley. 

CLARIONETS. 

F. H. Watson, F. W. Amland, H. S. Crawford, 
D. Stewart, W. Noakes, W. Burton, T. Horsman. 

FLUTE. OBOE. PICCOLO. 

R. E. Crawford. A. Cook. W. G. V. Stokes. 

BASSOON. 

J. W. Stanley. 

HORNS. 

W. Moore, F. McFeters, M. H. Wilson, J. McLeod. 

CORNETS. 

T. W. Horsman, W. H. McIntyre, F. N. Jordan, 
F. Horsman, R. McMurray, H. McClaskey, L. Corey. 

TROMBONES. 

W. Mitchell, W. H. Wilson, N. Hutchinson, (Bass). 

BARITONE. EUPHONIUM. ALTO CLARIONET. 

F. McNichol. Allan G. Crawford. F. W. Eddlestone. 

BASSES. 

Arthur B. Farmer, Fred Meneley (BB b). J. Kane. 

DRUMS AND CYMBALS. 

W. R. Browne, (Bass Drum). J. A. Lipsett, (Side Drum.) 

J. Stewart, (Cymbals). 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 97 



CHAPTER XIX. 

The Fortifications. 

TT has never been said of the gunners of New Brunswick 
I that 

'They lay along the battery's side, 

Beneath the smoking cannon, — ' 

and, therefore, but little interest is attached to the few points 
where guns and embrasures denote the posts of the artillery- 
man. Yet some of the fortifications have been the scene 
of battles and others have been beautified by the magic of 
romance. At St. John, within a radius of little more than a 
mile, are three points of interest, one of which recalls the days 
when the lilies of France waved over Acadie ; another, the 
love story of a British soldier who rose from the ranks to a 
seat in his country's parliament ; while the third stands as a 
memorial of the days of 1812, an object lesson in stone of the 
advance of the science of war. The three points are the ' Old 
Fort,' as it is commonly called, or Fort LaTour; Fort Howe; 
T^nd the Martello Tower on Lancaster Heights. Besides these 
there are Dorchester battery, Red Head battery, the defences 
on Partridge Island and Fort Dufferin. 

The story of Fort LaTour is one of tragic interest. Shortly 
before the Treaty of Saint Germain in 1632, by which Acadie 
was ceded to the crown of France, preparation had been made 
by that country for taking possession of the territory. Accord- 
ingly, about 1 63 1, Charles de LaTour commenced building 
a fort at the mouth of the Saint John river on the western 



198 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

side of the harbor, on a small neck of land opposite Navy 
Island. This fort was not completed until about 1635. It 
was about 180 feet square and was palisaded. Much of the 
material for the construction of the bastions seems to have 
been taken from what is now the channel between the site of 
the fort and Navy Island, and it is probable that the channel 
was widened by design as well as by nature. Prior to the 
completion of the fort LaTour had been appointed governor 
of the eastern district of Acadie, practically comprising Nova 
Scotia, while d'Aulnay Charnisay was given the command 
over the western district, or New Brunswick as it is now called. 
This demarcation of boundaries found LaTour with a large 
and well fortified position within Charnisay's territory, while 
at Port Royal Charnisay held an equally important post within 
the jurisdiction of LaTour. 

Charnisay displayed the utmost jealousy of IvaTour and 
assiduously endeavored to undermine his influence at the court 
of France. After years of scheming he succeeded and was 
empowered to seize both LaTour and his wife and send them 
prisoners to France upon charges of treason. He made several 
attempts to capture the fort at Saint John but was always re- 
pulsed, LaTour on one occasion having obtained assistance 
from Rochelle, the Huguenot stronghold, and on another fromj,;; 
the merchants of Boston. But he was not always destined to 
be so fortunate. During his absence in April, 1645, when the 
fort was commanded by Madame LaTour and a small garrison, 
Charnisay again attacked it. The garrison led by the noble 
woman repulsed the invaders and they drew off having suffered 
considerable loss. But treachery accomplished that which arms 
could not achieve. A Swiss sentry revealed to Charnisay the 
weakness of the fort and he tried a land attack. Once again 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 1 99 

the gallant lady roused the defenders and inspired them by an 
exhibition of her personal courage. Charnisay finding himself 
again in danger of being defeated, proposed honorable terms 
of surrender for the capitulation of the garrison. Madame I.a 
Tour seeing no hope of the siege being raised, and trusting 
the word of a soldier, on Easter Sunday, April i6 of that year, 
opened the gates to the victor, who gave immediate orders that 
the garrison be hanged, sparing the lives of only two, Madame 
LaTour and a soldier who consented to become the executioner 
of the others. Broken hearted with grief the noble lady died 
soon afterwards and was buried somewhere near the ' Old Fort ' 
in a grave that is unknown today. This scene of heroism was 
captured by the British under Colonel Monckton in 1758, and 
was afterwards known as ' Fort Frederick.' Mention was made 
of it in the first chapter when the defences of the city were 
strengthened in anticipation of a French invasion in 1793. 

On the opposite bank of the river, near Rankine's wharf, 
Charnisay also had built a fort, portions of w^hich may yet 
be distinctly traced. While excavating for a sewer a few years 
ago the workmen found a number of cannon balls of small 
cahbre. 

Fort Howe, situated on a rocky eminence in the old Parish 
of Portland, now part of the City of Saint John, was garrisoned 
by a corps under Major Guilford Studholm in 1777-78, in 
consequence of a threatened revolt of the Indian tribes, and 
was for many years the chief military post at Saint John. In 
1784 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Morse, R. E., reported to 
Sir Guy Carleton, general and commander-in-chief, upon this 
and all other fortifications in the Province of Nova Scotia. 
The report is published in the Dominion archives for 1884, 
and is a very interesting document. Lieutenant-Colonel Morse 



200 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

was not greatly impressed with the utility of the defences at this 
post where, he thought, too little land had been reserved for 
defensive purposes. The fort had then accommodation for 12 
officers and 100 soldiers. It was armed with 2 i8-pr., 4 6-pr., 
and 2 4-pr., iron guns besides 2 5^-inch brass mortars. This 
fort was abandoned as a military position in 1821, the last 
regiment stationed there being the 74th under Lieutenant-Col- 
onel French. The ordnance store and wharf were at York 
Point, the store houses being on the site now occupied by 
Messrs. Starr, and the wharf was afterwards called Hare's 
wharf. The old store houses still standing on the skirt of the 
hill on the Rockland road were the married officers, quarters. 
The brick shoe factory on Paradise Row opposite the mission 
church of St. John the Baptist, is on the site of the officers' 
mess. The ' King's store house,' was on the corner of Main 
and Mill streets, while the ' Red Store ' or commissariat was 
at the head of Long wharf. 

The romance of Fort Howe is that of William Cobbett, 
who was stationed there about 1783. Cobbett was born in 
1762 at Farnham, in Surrey, England, and was a field laborer. 
He became a soldier, and while at Fort Howe was a sergeant- 
major of infantry. While walking out with some companions 
early on a winter's morning he first saw his future wife, who 
was a daughter of a sergeant of artillery. Four years afterwards, 
upon obtaining his discharge, Cobbett was married to the girl 
whom he had seen on that winter's morning scrubbing out a 
washing tub on the snow at daybreak. After his marriage Cob- 
bett lived for some time in France studying the language. 
He removed to Philadelphia, where he compiled a French and 
English grammar. After remaining in the United States for 
about eight years he returned to England, where he established 



N B GARRISON ARTILLERV. 20I 

a considerable reputation as the author of 'Rural Rides,' 'Cot- 
tage Economy,' the 'Protestant Reformation,' and works on 
America. At last, after the passing of the first Reform Bill 
in 1832, he was elected member of Parliament for Oldham. 
He was entirely self-taught and thus describes the conditions 
under which he acquired a knowledge of grammar : 

" I learned grammar when I was a private soldier on the 
pay of sixpence a day. The edge of my berth, or that of the 
guardbed, was my seat to study in ; my knapsack was my 
bookcase ; a bit of wood, lying on my lap, was my writing 
table ; and the task did not demand anything like a year of 
my life. I had no money to purchase candle or oil ; in winter 
time it was barely that I could get any evening light but that 
of the fire, and only my turn even of that. And if I, under 
such circumstances and without parent or friend to advise or 
encourage me, accomplished this undertaking, what excuse can 
there be for any youth, however pressed with business, or 
however circumstanced as to room or other conveniences. 

To buy a pen or sheet of paper I was compelled to forego 
some portion of food, though in a state of half-starvation. I 
had no moment of time that I could call my own, and I had 
to read and to write amidst the talking, laughing, singing, 
whistling and brawling of at least half a score of the most 
thoughtless of men. and that, too, in their hours of freedom 
from all control. Think not lightly of the farthing that I had 
to give, now and then, for ink, pen or paper. That farthing 
was, alas ! a great sum to me. I was as tall as I am now ; 
I had great health and great exercise. The whole of the money, 
not expended for us at market, was twopence a week for each 
man. I remember — and well I may, that, upon one occasion 
I, after all absolutely necessary expenses, had on a Friday, 
made a shift to have a half-penny in reserve, which I had 
destined for the purchase of a red herring in the morning; but 
when I pulled off my clothes at night, so hungry, then, as 
to be hardly able to endure life, I found that I had lost my 
half-penny ! I buried my head under my miserable sheet and 
rug, and cried like a child I 

And again, I say, if I, under circumstances like these could 



202 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

encounter and overcome this task, is there, can there be in the 
whole world, a youth who can find an excuse for the non-perfor- 
mance ? What youth, who shall read this, will not be ashamed 
to say, that he is not able to find time and opportunity for 
this most essential of all the branches of book-learning?" 

A newspaper item in the year 1800 refers to the arrival of 
CoBBETT at Halifax on the 6tb June on his way from New 
York to England, and suggests, with bated breath, that he was 
* said to have dined with the Duke of Kent.' The item also 
tells that he had landed before in Halifax as a 'simple corporal' 

The Martello Tower on Lancaster Heights is of the same 
character of defensive work as the towers at Quebec. On a 
height between two and three hundred feet above the sea level 
it is an imposing object and looks as though it should have a 
more thrilling history than that which it possesses. Its build- 
ing was begun in 1800 and was not finished until 1813. 
Nearly all the stone used in its construction was carried by 
soldiers on hand barrows from the sea beach, half a mile 
away, through a forest and up a steep hill to its site. Hun- 
dreds of men must have toiled at the making of the old tower, 
which was probably impregnable in those days but which could 
not long withstand the Palliser shot and the armour piercing 
projectiles of modern days. It was originally mounted with 
four 48-pr. and two 24-pr. guns but for many years the arma- 
ment was reduced to two 33-pr. carronades. During the Fenian 
scare in 1866 the roof was taken off and guns were mounted, 
but they have long since been removed. Opposite the tower 
on the adjacent hill there used to be a wooden block house 
the main portion of which was raised some distance from the 
ground. It had accommodation for forty men, and was called 
Fort Drummond. It fell into decay and was torn down some 
years ago. It has often been proposed that the old tower 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 203 

should be razed and a modern fortification substituted for it 
►upon the commanding height. The suggestions have even 
gone so far as to include a Royal School of Artillery stationed 
there, but desirable as that may be to the people of St. John 
the removal of the historic sentinel of the past would be dep- 
recated by all who feel an interest in the days and things of 
old. Should the old fabric ever be removed, however, its 
memory will be perpetuated in the following admirable lines, 
which, by special permission of their author, Patrick Mc- 
Carthy, Esq., alderman of the city of St. John, are here re- 
produced : — 

THE MARTELLO TOWER. 



Upon a craggy crest 
Proudly it stands. 
Its profile outlined 'gainst the azure arch 
Of Heaven's dome ; right regally it bears 
The footmarks of Decay's destructive march ; 
Still solid as the cliff wherefrom it rears 

Its rough hewn, stony breast 
In circling bands 
Of masonry, that brave the gales of Time 
Which round its tap'ring sides so fiercely bellow ; 
And veils of fog and shrouds of icy rime 
Have left few tarnishings on stone or Hme, 

About the old Martello. 

Massive the noble tower 
Seems to the sight, 
Suggesting foemen fierce, and siege and death 
And kindred horrors of grim, gory, fray ; 



204 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

It sentinels the broad expanse beneath 
Of city, river, harbor, beach and bay. 

And in unconscious power 
Looms on the height, 
A grand memorial' of the years bygone, 
Which has with age, like olden wine, grown mellow ; 
It now keeps ward ungarrisoned upon 
The sunny slopes that garnish West Saint John, 

Around the old Martello. 

It recks not of the chill, 
Weird, winter storm, 
That plays against its eaves as seasons roll 
Into the past ; nor spring's delicious breeze 
Which sighs on bursting buds, and wakes man's soul 
To joy ; nor summer sun, which ghnts the trees, 

And gilds the purling rill 
With lustrous charm ; 
Nor autumn's breath, which turns the purest green 
Of nature's costume to the " sere and yellow ;" 
Ah ! well has it withstood climatic spleen ; 
The weather's shocks as yet almost unseen 

Upon the old Martello. 

Stately upon the site 
It meets the gaze ; 
Its rubble wall a softened, brownish grey ; 
A sturdy structure of that by-past age 
Which now, thank God, has pass'd for aye away ; 
Much better work have we than war to wage. 
Or deadly foes to smite 
In these new days, 





Martello Tower. 



N. P.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 205 

When strangers meet as once met only friends, 
And each gives kindly greeting to his fellow ; 
And Peace, with her twin sister, Learning tends 
For ancient hate of race to make amends, 
Beneath the old Martello. 

The Imperial barracks used to be on the ground at Lower 
Cove now occupied by the drill shed and as a parade ground. 
They were erected about 1819-20, and were destroyed in the 
fire .of 1877 with the exception of two stone buildings on Sid- 
ney street which still remain. 

About 1812-13 ^ wooden block house was erected on King 
street, east, at the intersection of Wentworth street. Traverses 
were also cut in the solid rock for a two gun battery, but 
when the level of King street was reduced some years ago all 
trace disappeared of the eminence on which the block house 
and battery stood. 

Besides these there were four batteries on the line of the 
shore of the harbor and Courtenay Bay, called the 'Graveyard bat- 
tery,' 'Southern battery,' 'Blockhouse battery,' and the 'Eastern 
battery,' or 'Fort Johnston' on Pitt street, fronting on Courtenay 
Bay. It is difficult at the present time to get any authentic 
account of the building of these batteries. General opinion 
places the time of erection about the commencement of the 
war of 181 2, with the exception of the battery at the foot of 
Sidney street, called the 'Southern battery.' In the newspaper 
account of the arrival of Prince Edward, Duke of "Kent, 
in 1794, quoted in the second chapter, it is stated that a royal 
salute was fired from ' Dorchester battery.' This name has always 
been applied to the Barrack batteries and it is probable that 
the 'Southern battery' is the oldest of the fortifications on the 



2o6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Barrack grounds. The reminiscences of James Bustin given 
in the third chapter are interesting in this connection. 

The fort at Red Head was constructed in 1863 and 1864. 
It is a spacious work, and if mounted with modern ordnance 
would be ail effective defence to the harbor. The large bat- 
tery at Negrotown Point, now known as Fort Dufferin was also 
constructed before Confederation. It received its present arm- 
ament in 1877, and is the battery used for shell practice when 
competition is held at local headquarters. Within a few years 
the guns and carriages at Partridge Island have been removed 
to the ordnance yard, and there is at present no armament at 
this station. 

One other fortification has been mentioned in the chapter 
which treats of the Fenian scare. It Js called ' Fort Tipper- 
ary,' and is situated at St. Andrews, commanding the harbor 
of that town. The armament is not extensive, and since the 
cessation of artillery work at that place but little attention has 
been given to it. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 207 



CHAPTER XX. 

1893-1896. 

The Fourth of May— Centennial Salute and Concerts— The Ball- 
Death of Paymaster Smith— Colors of an old Corps laid at Best 
— Visit of the Earl of Aberdeen— Death of Judge Peters— Inspec- 
tio ns — Ch ange of Designation — Co nclusion. 



•JfS the centennial year would begin very early in the drill 

V-1 season it was not thought to be advisable to have any 

military demonstration upon the 4th May, but the firing 

of a salute of one hundred guns, for which authority was sought 

and obtained. At this, the first day of the second century of 

the corps, the officers were : 

Lieu fena?it- Colonel, John Russell Armstrong. 
Major, John James Gordon. 

No. I — Captain, Stanley Douglas Crawford, 
Lieutenant, Walter Woodworth White. 

No. 2 — Captaifi, John Babington Macaulay Baxter, 
Lieutenant, Herbert Chipman Tilley, • 
Second Lieutenant, Arthur Drake Wetmore. 

No. T,-- Captain, Nm W. Charles Frederick Harrison, 
Lieutenant, Robert Huntley Gordon, 
Second Lieutenant, Walter Edward Foster. 

No. 4 — Captain, George West Jones, 

Lieutenant, Thomas Edward Grindon Armstrong. 
Second Lieutenant, Frederick Caverhill Jones. 

No. 5 — Captain, James Albert Edward Steeves, 
Lieutenant, Frederick Landon Temple, 
Second Lieutenant, Robert Pattison Foster. 



2o8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

Adjutaiit, Captain George Kerr McLeod, 
Paymaster, George Frederick Smith. 
Quartermaster^ Major Richard Farmer. 
Surgeon, John VVaterhouse Daniel, M. D. 
Assistant Surgeon, Joseph Andrews, M. D. 

The names of the men who composed the corps during the 
year, as taken from the pay Hsts, are given in an appendix. 

Before the hundredth anniversary was reached the name of 
the corps was changed, the estabHshment Hsts making it the 
'New Brunswick BattaHon of Garrison Artillery.' However 
technically correct the new designation may have been con- 
sidered, it did not find favor with the corps, nor was the 
change from ' batteries ' to ' companies ' thought to be either 
euphonious or necessary. 

It was arranged that the salute should be fired from Dor- 
chester battery, Fort Dufferin, Martello Tower and Fort Howe. 
At sunrise the Union Jack was floating above the forts and 
soon after some of the men were on hand eager to participate 
in the celebration. Some mischievous persons had spiked the 
vent of the gun at Martello Tower and an attempt was made 
to put the guns at Fort Howe out of service, which was partly 
successful, only one gun being capable of use. Punctually at 
nine o'clock the salute began. No. 2 firing the first gun from 
Fort Dufferin. In twenty minutes the salute was over and the 
smoke as of battle hung in wreaths over the historic heights of 
the city. The following are the officers, non-commissioned " 
officers and men who took part in the saluting : 

Lieutenant- Colonel Armstrong, Major Gordon. 

0///'rt?>w,- George W. Jones, S. D. Crawford, C. F. Harrison, 
and J. B. M. Baxter. 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 209 

Lieutenants,—^. H. Gordon, H. C. Tilley, W. E. Foster and 
Fred L. Temple. 

'Medical Officers, — Surgeon Daniel, Assistant Surgeon Andrews, 
Captain and Dr. J. A. E. Steeves, and Lieutenant and Dr. 
W. VV. White. 

Sergeant- Major, — Samuel Hughes. 

Staff Sergeants,— ]3in\QS Brown, Thomas W. Horsman. 

Sergeants, — Walter Lamb, Joshua P. Clayton, Joseph F. Smith, 
Joseph Nealy, John C. Edwards, William G. H. Kilpatrick, 
W. H. Sulis. 

Corporals, — Fred V. Hatt, W. deBowes, Frank A. Courtenay, 
John W. Sarah, Robert Mcjunkin, Edwin Ougler, Robert 
G. Fulton, Fred Globe. 

Bombardiers, — Fred H. Slipp, Frank L. Perry. 

Gunners, — Frank W. Laskey, J. D. Charlton, T. S. Irvine, 
Robert J. Armstrong, H. Chandler, R. Sprowson, L. Ker- 
shaw, Frank Forrest, J. F. Berton, R. D. Robertson, L. 
Philips, F. Banks, John Stewart, W. P. McColgan, E. E. 
Thomas, A. W. Mclnnis, R. M. Graham, R. A. McHarg, 
George Dunlavy, Richard D. Damery, E. Allan, William 
Clark, Joseph Laskey, James Huey, George M. Boyd, 
Arthur W. Machum, Nelson Parlee, Wm. McCauley, 
William Maxwell, Geo. W. Lee, W'illiam Prime, Walter 
McH. Olive, Walter P. Dunham, William T. Lanyon, and 
Richard W. Craft. 

In the evening despite unfavorable weather the old Mechanics' 
Institute was filled to the doors for the centennial concert 
given by the band of the corps, assisted by Mrs. C. W. Har- 
rison, (Sackville), Mr. Gershon S. Mayes, and the Germain 
Street Quartette. Mrs. Harrison in her selections "The 
Daughter of the Regiment " and "Lo, Here the gentle Lark," 
won round after round of applause, to which she responded 
with "Jock o' Hazeldean." Mr. Mayes' splendid rendition of 



2IO HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

the ** Death of Nelson " evoked the mihtary ardor of the 
audience, which rose to enthusiasm over his encore "The Boys 
of the old Brigade." Bandsmen Stokes, Farmer, Watson, 
and McKay, contributed instrumental numbers which were 
much appreciated. Many of the selections were arranged by 
Bandmaster Horsman, and, above all. the marked success 
of the concert was due to the untiring energy of Captain Craw- 
ford, president of the band committee. 

Loyalists' Day was celebrated by i8 guns from No. i, Captain 
Crawford's company, while on the Queen's Birthday, No. 2, 
Captain Baxter fired the usual salute. The guns of No. i were 
again heard on 14th June, being the occasion of the wedding of 
Lieutenant W. W. White. A similar service had been rendered 
by No. 3 a few years before at the marriage of Captain McLeod. 

The next in the series of celebrations was a smoking concert 
for the men, held- in Berryman's Hall, on 21st June. About 
two hundred members of the battalion with their friends were 
present and an enjoyable time was spent. Captain Geo. W. Jones 
presided and a short programme was carried out. The band 
contributed several instrumental pieces ; Gunner Tonge of No. 
4 gave a comic song; Captain Baxter read a humorous selection; 
an exhibition of sleight of hand work was given by Mr. J. S. 
MacLaren ; a song was sung by C. T. Gillespie, and Major 
Gordon danced a Highland fling in full native costume. Be- 
sides this Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong read an historical 
sketch of the corps ; Sergeant Kilpatrick of No. 3 gave a song ; 
th2 Le\m.\n Bros, two bright little chaps sang their amusing 
songs and Captain Hartt, late of the Rifle company,- contributed 
a couple of vocal selections. Light refreshments were served 
during the evening. Officers of the 8th cavalry and 62 nd 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 211 

Fusiliers were present in uniform, and the smoking concert 
was voted a very enjoyable affair. 

On the 27th July the corps together with the Rifle company 
had a march out in the evening, and on the following Sun- 
day both bodies paraded for divine service and marched to 
St. John's church, where the sermon was preached by the 
Rev. John de Soyres. Major Markham of the 8th cavalry 
was on the staff and the Rifle company was under command 
of Captain E. A. Smith. Inspection followed on 3rd August, 
that of No. 2 company for gun drill being held at the Carle- 
ton armory on the succeeding evening. The result of the 
inspection was gratifying. Out of a total strength of 232, there 
were 215 of all ranks present and the absentees accounted for. 
No. i,^ Captain Crawford, took the second prize for general 
efficiency with 243 points, while No. 4, Captain Jones, was not 
far behind with 235. Nos. 3 and 4 companies tied for the 
Botsford cup, which went under the rules to No. 4. The 
centennial photograph of the officers of the corps was taken on 
the 4th August. 

About this time H. M. S. Blake arrived in port and a ball 
was tendered by the corps to the officers of the ship. Owing 
to her short stay in port the invitation had to be declined. 

On the 4th December Lieutenant-Governor Boyd, of New 
Bruunswick, died. At the state funeral Lieutenant-Colonel 
Armstrong was in charge of the procession, assisted by Chief 
of Police Clark of St. John, and officers of militia formed an 
escort to the body. On the i8th of the same month Captain 
Robert Reed, whose name appears in the earlier portion of 
this history, passed away, thus breaking one of the few re- 
maining links between the old organization and the present. 

The last event in the celebration of the centennial, a 



212 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

grand ball given on the zgih. December at the Assembly Rooms 
of the Mechanics' Institute, was an unqualified success. The 
rooms were elaborately decorated for the occasion. As the 
guests entered they were confronted by a large field gun, be- 
hind which was a collection of fire arms showing the ad- 
vances made by modern science. In the ball room the mas- 
sive pillars were trimmed with spruce and ornamented with 
bayonets. At the eastern end of the room, on a background 
enclosed by the colors of the regiment, were the letters " N. 
B. B. G. A." in blue, and under them "1793-1893" in red. 
Opposite this was a portrait of the Queen, on either side of 
which were small flags. There were around the walls, at regu- 
lar intervals, stars of bayonets, surmounted by flags and alter- 
nated with pictures, among which were photographs of present 
and past officers of the corps. In an alcove stood two 6-pr. 
guns with their side arms complete. The supper room was 
handsomely fitted up, the table being decorated with natural 
flowers. Upon it were displayed the Botsford cup and the 
general efficiency prize won by No. i company. A large num- 
ber of guests were entertained, and it is safe to say that the 
artillery centennial ball will not soon be forgotten. 

As light is succeeded by darkness, so in human affairs joy 
gives place to sadness, and the pleasure of the centennial year 
was soon to be shadowed by the thought that one more of 
the best loved officers of the corps would never again take part 
in its festivities or join in its councils. Sad, indeed, was the 
news of the death of Captain and Paymaster George F. Smith, 
who passed away on the 6th March following. A well-known 
shipowner, respected for his high sense of honor and absolute 
integrity as well as beloved for his kindliness and charm of 
manner, his death was regretted by the citizens at large, to- 



N. n. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 213 

ward whom he had discharged many public duties. To the 
corps it was a deeper blow. Captain Smith had been active 
'in his assistance to the commanding officer in the time when 
help was needed upon his assuming the command, and during 
the succeeding nine years his best services were always at the 
disposal of the corps in which he took the warmest interest. 
He had been identified with the old Peters' battery, and, in- 
deed, with almost every athletic movement in the city. A 
vestry man of St. John's church, an ex-president of the Union 
Club and a prominent supporter of the Neptune Rowing Club 
and the Athletic Association, he was above all best known as 
a gentleman in every sense of the word. The corps signified 
their feeling of the loss which they had sustained in the follow- 
ing resolutions : 

Resolved, that the officers of the New Brunswick Battalion Gar- 
rison Artillery hereby express their sense of the great loss that 
they have sustained through the death of their brother officer. 
Captain and Paymaster, G. F Smith. For many years he served 
in the ranks as a gunner, then as a non-commissioned officer, and 
for the past nine years on the staff. During all this period he 
showed his unswerving interest in the welfare of the corps, and his 
example and advice were at all times prized in the highest 
degree by all its members. His abilities, his urbanity, his decision 
of character, his courageousness of opinion, his mature judg- 
ment, as well as his physique, in every way made him the model 
of a good officer and soldier ; and further 

Resolved, that the officers attend the funeral in a body as a 
mark of respect; and further 

Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to Mrs. 
Smith, with the respectful condolence of the corps. 

At the funeral the Artillery band assisted, and several of the 
officers formed an escort, the remainder together with officers 
of other corps joining in the procession. 

On the 29th July of this year the artillery were called on 



214 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

by ex-Mayor Peters to perform an unusual service for militia 
corps, that of presenting to a church the colors of a regiment 
that they might be laid at rest. Mr. Peters was in possession 
of the colors of the ist Battalion St. John Light Infantry, and 
desired to have them placed in St. Paul's church. The event 
cannot be better described than by the following extract from 
the * Daily Sun ' newspaper of the next day : — 

"At sharp half-past two yesterday when the battalion assem- 
bled in the drill shed there was the best of weather — ^a little 
hot and dusty, perhaps, but tempered now and again with a 
cool breeze. The battalion fell in with Lieutenant-Colonel 
Armstrong in command, and Major Jones appeared for the 
first time in his new rank. In the absence, through illness, 
of Captain Crawford, Captain White took charge of No. i 
company with Lieutenant B. R. Armstrong as subaltern. No. 2 
company (Carleton) was under command of Captain Baxter, 
with Lieutenants Tilley and Scovil ; No. 3, under Captain 
Gordon, with Lieutenant Foster ; and No. 4, under Captain 
Armstrong, with Lieutenants Jones and Skinner. On the 
staff were Quartermaster Gordon, Surgeon Andrews and a 
number of the retired officers of the City Light Infantry whose 
colors were to be presented, and also retired officers of the 
artillery. Among them were : A. A. Stockton, M. P. P., Cap- 
tain Charles Campbell, Lieutenant W. Roxborough, Captain 
J. Alfred Ring, Lieutenant McKinney and Captain A. W. 
LovETT. Major Markham, of the 8th Cavalry, and Major A. 
J. Armstrong, of the district staff, and Majors Sturdee, 
Hartt and Magee, with Surgeon Walker, Rev. Fr. Daven- 
port, chaplain, and Lieutenant Macmichael, of the 62nd, also 
attended on the staff. 

On the Barrack square the battalion was drawn up in line 
in two ranks, and at 3 o'clock the color party, from No. 3 
company, appeared with the colors guarded by fixed bayonets. 
They were received with a general salute and the colors taken 
over by Lieutenants Tilley and Foster, the senior subalterns on 
parade. The band played Auld Lang Syne and the National 
Anthem. 

The battalion then marched in fours from the left of companies. 



N B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 215 

No. 2 company, with fixed bayonets and arms sloped, being the 
escort. At King street near Charlotte, Lieutenant-Colonel 
•Irwin, inspector of artillery, was received with a salute as he 
joined the staff. At the church, line was formed facing the 
edifice and the colors again saluted, after which column of 
half companies was formed to the left, and the column retiring 
formed quarter column on No. i, which was in rear. They 
then marched past in column of half companies by the right, 
and afterwards in quarter column by the left, with changed 
ranks. Line was again formed facing the church, and after a 
general salute the companies entered and took their places in 
the church, the officers occupying seats in the east side of the 
south transept. 

No. 3 company, with bayonets fixed, then entered the church 
and was stationed in the centre aisle with shouldered arms. 
The color party passed through the main entrance, and was 
received with presented arms, after which the company formed 
up, facing the chancel. Thomas VV. Peters then stepped forward 
and, addressing the rector, said that the ceremony took place at 
the request of old officers of the battalion, and that he pre- 
sented the flags for that purpose, they having come into 
his possession through his father, who, as colonel, had the 
custody of them. The battalion was the first of the city militia 
corps under the old system, and had been in existence for 
many years, but the loss of the old files of new^spapers from 
1838 to 1843 rendered it impossible to fix the date of the 
presentation with precision. Among its officers had been Sir 
Leonard Tilley, the ex-Governor of the Province, and VV. O. 
Smith, once Mayor of the city. The colors had never seen 
active service, but he had no doubt that those who bore them 
then would have stood by them manfully had they been called 
on to do so, and he was equally sure that those who laid 
them to rest in the sacred edifice were imbued with the loyal 
spirit and determination of their forefathers. 

Mr. Peters then took the colors from Lieutenants Tilley and 
Foster and handed them to Rev. Mr. Dicker, the rector, who 
in turn passed them to Canon DeVeber, by whom they were 
placed in the chancel. 

Rev. Mr. Dicker then read a formal acceptance of the 
colors for the purpose of repose, after which a short evening 



2l6 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

service was conducted and Rev. Archdeacon Brigstocke deliv- 
ered an address. 

The escort again saluted the colors, while the National Anthem 
was played, after which and the recessional the troops left the 
church and formed again on the street. They marched back 
to the drill shed, where after an expression of thanks from 
Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong, to the retired and visiting 
officers who had so kindly assisted in the ceremony and a few 
words of encouragement to the officers and men under his 
command for the way in which their work had been performed, 
the battalion dispersed. 

This year's inspection held on the 30th July and succeeding 
days was a rigid test of the corps and resulted in No. 4 company 
Captain T. E. G. Armstrong winning the second general effi- 
ciency prize with 231 points. This company also took the 
Botsford cup. The illness of Capt. Crawford of No. i, and 
a severe family affliction which he had sustained, called forth 
the sympathy of every officer and man in the battalion. 

Major Jones donated a handsome silver cup for competition 
among the companies, and desired that it should be awarded 
upon the general efficiency points exclusive of those for officers 
questions. It was won for the first time by No. i company. 

His Excellency the Earl of Aberdeen, Governor-General 
of Canada, and the Countess of Aberdeen, visited St. John 
for the first time on 13th August. Owing to the late hour of 
their arrival there was no demonstration until the next morn- 
ing, when at the opening of the reception in the Common 
Council chamber No. 3 company, under Captain Gordon, 
fired a salute of nineteen guns from King street east, the 62nd 
Fusiliers furnishing a guard of honor. Upon their departure 
for Fredericton the next day a salute was fired from Fort 
Howe by a detachment from No. 4 company. On Thursday 
evening, 14th August, a levee was held in the Mechanics' 



N. v.. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 217 

Institute at which the officers of the artillery, among others, 
were present. 

Gunner Frederick M. Burgess, of No. 3 company, who 
was accidentally drowned on 13th August was buried 
with military honors by his company. The loss of the yacht 
'Primrose' in a sudden squall during a race in St. John har- 
bor on 2 1 St August also deprived No. 4 company of a mem- 
ber, Corporal T. H. Bartlett. His last military service was 
the firing of the salute on the departure of the Governor- 
General. The company presented his widow with a resolution 
of sympathy suitably engrossed and a substantial testimonial. 

Judge B. Lester Peters, the captain of the old 'Kid Glove' 
battery, was also on 25th November numbered among those 
departed. At his funeral which took place on 28th November, the 
Lieutenant-Colonel and officers of the corps attended. Outside 
of the pall-bearers walked thirty members of the old battery. 
They were George E. Thomas, James F. Robertson, Joseph 
Allison, W. A. Lockhart, W. E. Vroom, John H. Parks, F. 
W. Wisdom, John' C. Miles, S. K. Wilson, J. Fred Lawton, 
C. Fred Langan, Chas. Campbell, Arthur W. Lovett, Joseph 
B. Stubbs, R. H. Arnold, John McLauchlan, D. D. Robertson, 
Frank O. Allison, Frank Gallagher, P. R. Inches, M. D., J. 
Morris Robinson, G. Ludlow Robinson, George K. Berton, 
J. S. Kaye, C. U. Hanford, Charles McLauchlan, E. G. Scovil, 
George B. Hegan, Albert S. Hay and Frank Lansdowne. 

At the regimental meeting on 23rd March of the following 
year. Major Jones formally presented to the corps the cup 
which is known by his name, and received a hearty vote of 
thanks for his handsome gift. 

Loyalists' Day was ag^in celebrated by a salute from Fort 
Dufiferin by No. 2 company, and later in the year, upon the 



2l8 HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 

return of Major Markham of the 8th Princess Louise Hus- 
sars, the commandant of the Bisley team of 1895, to his home 
in Saint John, he was serenaded by the Artillery band. 

On August loth No. 2 company attended divine service at 
St. George's church, Carleton, where an excellent sermon was 
preached by the rector, Rev. W. H. Sampson. 

The Artillery, 62nd Fusiliers and Rifle company were bri- 
gaded, under Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong, for service at 
Trinity church on the 29th of the same month, and an appro- 
priate address was delivered by Rev. Father Davenport, 
chaplain of the 62nd battalion. 

Inspection was held on 22nd October and following days by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Montizambert, and resulted in 'the winning 
by No. I company. Captain Crawford, of the second general 
efficiency prize with 246 points, only two points behind the 
highest score made. This company also won the Jones and 
Botsford cups. No. 2 company stood second in the battalion 
and fifth in the Dominion with 237 points. 

After the inspection the inspecting officer was entertained at 
supper at the Union Club and a very enjoyable evening was spent. 

On the 1 6th December, Langford McFrederick, a gunner 
in No. 2 company was accidentally killed while at work. His 
funeral which took place on the 19th December, was attended 
by the company in uniform and the usual honors were paid. 
The death on 17th January, 1896, of Paymaster Sergeant Fred 
L. Hea, removed an active and useful non-commissioned 
officer from the staff. The officers of the corps attended the 
interment. 

In the preceding November a change occurred in the adju- 
tancy, Captain White being transferred from No. 5 company 
to that position. Since the roll of the centennial year there 








Ueut. F. A. Foster, Ueut. A. C. H. Gray, 

. . . ^, lyieut. E. R. Jones, 

Weut. h. A. M. Skinner, Ueut. B. R. Armstroi 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 219 

have been but two changes in the staff non-commissioned offi- 
cers. Sergeant Thomas H. Johnston of No. 2 became 
Orderly Room Clerk in October, 1895, and upon the death of 
Staff-sergeant Hea was transferred to the appointment of Pay- 
master-sergeant. Sergeant John C. Edwards of No. 3 was 
then appointed Orderly Room Clerk. The only staff sergeant 
who has not as yet received special mention is Quartermaster 
Sergeant James Brown, whose attachment to the force has 
caused him to serve in it for upwards of thirty-seven years. 

On January 30th, 1896, No. 4 company, by invitation of 
Captain T. E. G, Armstrong, had a sleigh drive and supper, 
an event of which the guests will long have a pleasant recol- 
lection. 

In the early part of this year Lieutenant Temple succeeded 
to the command of No. 5 company; Second Lieutenant B. 
R. Armstrong w^as promoted to the first lieutenancy in No. i, 
and Ernest Ray Jones was appointed second lieutenant in 
No. 5. 

At the close of the previous year the designation of the 
corps was again changed, the new title being *' New Brunswick 
Regiment, Canadian Artillery." Practically a reversion to the 
title by which the corps was first known, the change was a 
welcome one to the regiment. Equal pleasure was not afforded, 
however, by the numbering of the corps as " 3rd," while the 
beginning of its regimental history is at least eighteen years 
earher than that of the Montreal regiment, which is second, 
and over thirty years earlier than that of Halifax, which is 
styled the first. It is hoped that in time due recognition will be 
given to the continuity of the history of our corps and that 
the right of the regiment to the first place on the list will be 
acknowledged. It is submitted that the pages of this history 



HISTORICAL RECORDS OF THE 



contain ample and incontrovertible evidence in support ot the 
claim. 



The story of our corps is now brought to a close. It can 
not be said to be replete with incidents of sensational nature, 
yet neither is it a record of which the citizens who are its 
members need be ashamed. The feeHng grows that war as a 
means of settling international questions must in time give way 
to a more enlightened and more highly developed system. 
Arbitration replaces carnage and the student succeeds the soldier. 
Yet war has not been without its use nor battle without 
humanity. The soldier and the best soldier has thought for 
his age as deeply as the statesman, and by his success has 
taught that science, not numbers, is truly power. Nor, when 
war has become a matter of history will its influence for good 
have passed away. The spirit of fairness and honor which has 
characterized the soldier in all ages will survive to ennoble 
more peaceful arts and will have its weight in the settlement 
of the future problems of the world. To an unthinking 
portion of the public, no doubt, the maintenance of a militia 
seems well nigh useless, but to those who appreciate the 
ffiorak of such a force its utility is apparent. The lad who 
dons a uniform feeling that it is the outward and visible em- 
blem of identification with his country, becomes a better 
citizen because of his aspiration. In the ranks he acquires 
that spirit of comradeship, and devotion to an ideal, which, in 
its application through all the departments of the life of the 
nation conduces to a grander fulfilment of the destinies of the 
race. ' Shoulder to shoulder ' he realizes, is the secret of suc- 
cess. True discipline, he finds, is after all not an arrogant 



N. B. GARRISON ARTILLERY. 221 

exercise of authority but a wise direction of his individuality so 
, that it may best combine with that of others towards the at- 
tainment of a desired object. With proficiency in his work 
grows the abiHty to apply in the larger sphere of the exercise 
of his rights and duties as a citizen, the lessons which he learns 
as a soldier. The importance of good direction, the sacredness 
of honor and the glory of devotion to principle become factors 
in his daily life and he also feels that in the organization of 
w^hich he has become a member, there are no limits to his 
ambition, but those of ability and fidelity. Such is the teach- 
ing of a military force, and such, as well as the important duty 
of being thoroughly trained and available for the defence of 
his country, are reasons why the youth of our land should 
enrol themselves in its ranks with the encouragement, appro- 
bation and active assistance of every true citizen and patriot. 
Nor should the social side be overlooked. In the ranks, there 
is that feeling of unity — of comradeship — which lives in grate- 
ful memory through the after life of the volunteer as well as 
of the soldier. With a sadness that is not all sorrow it causes 
the old man to say : — 

"Where are the boys of the Old Brigade, 
Where are the lads we knew?" 

who in his youth resonantly sang : 

" Steadily, shoulder to shoulder, 
Steadily, side by side. 
Ready and strong 
We are marching along. 
Like the boys of the Old Brigade ! '' 



APPENDICES. 



CENTENNIAL BATTERY R0LL8-1893. 



No. I Battery. 



Captain^ Stanley D. Crawford. 

Lieutena?it, Walter W. White, M. D. 

Second Lieutenant^ Gordon S. McLeod. 

Staff Sergeant, Paymaster s Clerk. Fred L. Hea. 

Sergeants, Walter Lamb, Joshua P. Clayton. 

Corporals, George A. Foster, James W. Clayton, David E. Brown. 

Gunners : — 



James A. Lindsay, 
Frank Anderson, 
John Pilling, 
Gilford Humphrey, 
Henry Ricketts, 
Frederick Withers, 
John Stewart, 
George Cook, 
Robert Sprowson, 
Ernest E. Thomas, 
James Pilling, 
John F. Berton, 



Louis Philips, 
Henry Chandler, 
James H. Barton. 
Lambert Kershaw, 
William Sprowson, 
George Barnes, 
William Muirhead, 
John Ricketts, 
Thomas Marshall, 
Fred'rk Stephenson, 
Neil A. Seely, 
Albert E. Coates, 

No. 2 Battery. 



Richard D. Damery, 
Thomas Pilling, 
Arthur W. Mclnnis, 
Wm. P. McColgan, 
James L. Lamb, 
Robert W. Graham, 
David S. Betz, 
William C. Brown, 
'Frank G. Berton, 
Frank W. Las key, 
Frank Forrest, 
Robert A. McHarg. 



Captain, John B. M. Baxter, 

Lieutenant, Herbert C. Tilley, 

Second Lieutenant, Arthur D. Wetmore. 

Sergeants, Thos. H. Johnston, Joseph F. Smith, Joseph Nealy. 

Corporals, Edwin Ougler, Frederick Globe, Robert G. Fulton. 

Bombardiers, Frank L. Perry, Frederick H. Slipp. 

Gunners : — 
George O. Trafton, J as. M. McLennan, Gilbert J. Mayes, 
George W. Lee, George M. Palmer, Walter P. Dunham, 

(225) 



APPENDICES. 



George R. Forbes, 
James B. Nichols, 
George E. Olive, 
Willard Crawford, 
Ernest Perry, 
Walter McH. Olive, 
John J. Sinclair, 
William Prime, 
James F. Belyea, 



Richard W. Craft, 
William T. Lanyon, 
George H. Seely, 
Ezekiel McLeod, 
Bernard G. Ring, 
George Sullivan, 
Harry B. Duke, 
John A. Pollock, 
William Maxwell, 



James Sullivan, 
Federick Bartlett, 
Wm. J. Cunningham, 
Herbert P. Gardiner, 
L. Edwin Rolston, 
John Lawton, 
George Dunlavy, 
Joel H. Waters, 
William Foster, 



Trumpeter^ Frank A. Hea. 

No. 3 Battery. 

Captain^ Charles F. Harrison, 

Lieutenant^ Robert H. Gordon, 

Second Lieutenant^ Walter E. Foster, 

Sergeants, John C. Edwards, Wm. G. H. Kilpatrick, A. Lingley, 

Corporals, John W. Sarah, Robert Mcjunkin, John Robinson. 



James Sears, 
Herbert Parlee, 
Fred'rk W. Marshall, 
William McCauley, 
Thomas E. Powers, 
William Henery, 
Frederick Burgess, 
Robert Moore, 
Edward Newport, 
Herbert Williams, 
John Whitmore, 
Arthur W. Machum, 



Gunners : — 

George W. Boyd, 
James Huey, 
George S. Bishop, 
Fred A. Boyd, 
Alfred Wood, 
Frank E. Whelpley, 
Arthur T. Irvine, 
Ernest Allan, 
Smith Foster, 
George Richardson, 
Howard M. Barnes 
James Mercer, 

No. 4 Battery. 



Noble Clark, 
Robt. McKenzie, 
Joseph Laskey, 
Nelson Parlee, 
Arthur Parlee, 
Edward S. Day, 
James Semple, 
August Stoerger, 
David B. Laskey, 
William Clark, 
George F. Clark, 
David Speight. 



Captain, George W. Jones, 
Lieutenant, T. Edward G. Armstrong, 
Second Lieutenant, Frederick C. Jones. 
Regt. Sergeant-Major, Samuel Hughes, 

Sergeants, William H. Sulis, Jas. A. Brown, James B. Thompson, 
Corporals, Henry Bartlett, Frederick V. Hatt, John T. McGowan, 

(226) 



CENTENNIAL ROLLS. 



James E. Earle, 
Wm. F. Harrison, 
Frederick A. Foster, 
Herbert W. Splane, 
Edward D. Outram, 
Percy G. Hall, 
Robt. J. Armstrong, 
Ernest Law, 
James A. Nicholson, 
Frederick Tracy, 
Joshua O. Charlton, 
Fred'rk C. Folkins, 



Gunners : — 

John H. Tonge, 
Harry P. Robertson, 
Fred C. Cummings, 
Harry E. Hall, 
W. Arthur Boyd, 
Bev. R. Armstrong, 
Charles W. Barlow, 
Wm. A. Robertson, 
Frank A. Charlton, 
Louis H. Rainnie, 
Arthur C. Ellis, 
Alonzo G. Sulis, 



George Runciman, 
Frederick Rubins, 
Robt. M. Bartsch, 
Robt. D. Robertson, 
Stanley Dixon, 
Fred'rk W. McLean, 
Harold Wright, 
T. Sterrie Irvine, 
Edward T. Bell, 
Charles Lawton, 
Fred'rk T. Chesley. 



No. 5 Battery. 

Captain^ James A. E. Steeves, M. D. 

Lieutenant^ Frederick L. Temple. 

Second Lieutenant^ E. Walter B. Scovil. 

Sergeants, Arthur B. Farmer, Frederick Meneley, Thomas 

Richardson. 
Corporals, Wallace F. Beatty, Samuel J. McGowan. 



Aaron D. Colwell, 
James Kitchen, 
William H. Wilson, 
Edward K. McKay, 
Fred'rk W. Amland, 
William G. Stokes, 
William F. Moore, 
Burton Griffin, 
John H. Daley, 
Frederick H.Watson, 
James Knowles, 
Charles Brigden, 



Albert Harris, 
Edwin Stirling, 
Wm. C. Thornhill, 
David Stewart, 
Wm. H. Mclntyre, 
James W. Manson, 
William Mitchell, 
Matthew S. Adams, 
Allan S. Crawford, 
Harold S. Crawford, 
John A. Lipsett, 



James O. McKay, 
Edgar Rowe, 
James Stewart, 
William Warren, 
Frederick Eddleston, 
J. Hamblet Wood, 
Frank Bankes, 
Charles J. Turner, 
Robert McKay, 
William deBowes, 
Thos. F. Thompson. 



Quartermaster Sergeant, James Brown. 
Band Master, Thomas W. Horsman. 
Orderly Room Clerk, Thomas A. Crockett. 

(227) 



228 



APPENDICES. 



Date. 


Lieut. Colonel. 


Majors. 


1838 
28 Feb. 


Richard Hayne, 

(Capt. E. A.) 

Provincial A. B.C., 7 May, 
'hi; 7 Oct. '5U ; 26 Oct. '61. 

Ass't Adft General k April, 
'IS; Adft Gen'l W May, '51; Q. 
M. G. i Jan. '62, to 5 Jan. '6k. 

Col. Commandant 22 March, 
'65. 




8 May. 








George F. Street, 
{Capt. 1st York Batt'n 22 Nov. 

'28.) 


9 May. 










25 June. 










1840. 

17 March. 










1841. 

SO March. 








Thomas L. Nicholson. 


26 April. 










1845. 
30 Oct. 










1848. 
10 Aug. 








Stephen Kent Foster, 
Bt. Lt-Col. 6 Dec. '59; 


1849. 
20 Sept. 

■ 










1859. 
20 Sept. 










6 Dec. 








Charles J. Melick 



Adjutant. 



Edward Pick, 
{2d Lt. 10 May, 'S8,) 



John C, Allen, 
Prov'l A.D.C. 5 July, 'kh. 



J. Mount, 



1860. 
7 Feb. 



Bt. Lt. Col. 10 Jan, '66 ; Bri- 
gade. 26 May,'69. Retired with 
rank of Lt. Col. 7 Dec, '71. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS. 
ST-A.ZFDF OB'JFIOEiaS, 1838-1896. 



229 



"Paymaster. 



Quartermaster. 



Surgeon. 



Assistant Surgeon. 



•lames W. Bovd. 
(Capi.) 



J. Toldervy, M, D„ 
(from 3rd BatVn York,) 



E. B. Peters, 
1st Lieut. SO Mar. 'Ul. 



LeBaron Botsford, M, D, 

Retired with rank of 

Siircfeon- Major, 18 Ap'l, 



Frederick A. Wiggins, 
(Capt,) Retired with rank 
of Major 19 June, '67, 



Stephen Smith, M, D„ 

Brigade, SO May, '69 ; 
transferred to Woodstock 
Field Batt.,2UAp'l,'7U. 



230 



APPENDICES. 



Date. 


Lieut. Colonel. 




MajorB. 


186i, 

28 March, 








1865. 

29 March, 

5 April, 


Stephen Kent Foster, 
Brigade, m May. '69, Retired 
with rank 12 Dec. '8.% 


James F, 


Berton, 


1866, 
18 April, 









Adjutant. 



1867. 
19 June, 



17 July, 



1871, 
7 Dec, 



1872, 
12 July, 

1874, 
4 Sept, 

1875, 
3 Sept, 

1876, 
11 Aug, 

1881, 

25 Feh'y, 

1883. 
14 Sept. 



J, Mount, 

Brigade, 26 May, '69, Retired 
ivith rank Bt. Lt, Col, 7 Dec, 
'71, 



Brigade— Dominion of Canada, 26 May, 1869. 

George Hamilton Pick, 
Bt, Lt, Col, 7 Nov, '71, Re- 
tired with rank lU Mar., '8U. 

Martin Hunter Peters, 

V, b, 1st, Bt, Lt. Col, 30 Jan. , 
'72, Retired retaining rank 
20 March, '85. 



Jacob Day Underhill, 
Brigade, 26 May, 69; Bt. 
Major, 2 Jan. '72; Bt. Lt. 
Col, 2 Jan. '77. Retired with 
rank 28 March, 'Hh. 



1885. 
9 Jan'y, 



^John Russell Armstrong, 
from 8th Cavalry— specially 
and provisionally — confirma- 
tion of rank 22 Nov, '85, r. s. a. 

l8t. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS. 
ST.i^3r:F 0F:F-ICEE,S — Continued. 

Paymaster. Quartermaster. Surgeon. 



231 



Assistant Surgeon. 



Stephen Kent Foster, jr, 
{Capt.) Brigade, 26 May, 
'm. 



W. Albert Lockhart, 
Brigade, 26 May, '(19; 
Redjned 12 July. '72, 



John Berryman. M, D., 

Brigade, 26 Jtdy, '69; Joseph Lordly Bunting, 
Re»igned 17 Sept, '7'>. M, D 



Richard Farmer, 
Dt, Major, 27 Feb, '67 ; 
Retired with Hon, rank 
of Majm ^8 Jtily, '9U, 



Joseph Andrews, M, D, 



Wni, Arthur Kinar, 

Hon. Capt, 2-, Feb, '81, 
Retired with rank 27 Feb. 
'80. 



I J, W, Daniel, M. D. 
r s. a. 1st, 



J, W. Daniel, M. D., 
vice Andrews, left lim- 
its. 



Joseph Andrews, M.D. 



232 



APPENDICES. 



Date. Lieut. Colonel, 


Majors. 


Adjutant. 


1885. 
27 Feb, 






10 April. 




Charles Frederick Langan, 
g. s. 1st. Lieut. 2U June, '81; 
to command No, 2 Co'y., k 
June, '86. 


18S6, 
18 June. 

22 Oct, 


Andrew J. Armstrong, r. s a. 
1st. To District Staff, 1 Feb. '87. 


C. F. Langan, Re-appointed, 
Capt. k June, '86. Retired 
retaining rank, 2k Dec, '91, 


1889, 
12 Feb. 


George Bliss Seely, r. s. a, 1st. 
Died 21 March, '90. 




1892. 
2 Jan. 


1 
I 


George Kerr McLeod, Capt. 
r. s. a. 1st. Removed havina 
left limits, 9 Nov,, '95. 


16 Dec. 
1894 


John James Gordon, 
r. s. a. 1st. To Quartermaster, 
28 July, '9h. 




28 July. 


George West Jones, r, s. a, 1st. 




1896. 
9 Nov, 




Walter Woodworth White, 
r. s. a. 1st. Capt. 1 June, 

'9k. 



FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS. 233 

ST-A-IFF OIFIFICBms — Continued. 

Paymaster. Quartermaster. Surgeon. Assistant Siirgeon. 

(ieorfje Frederick Smith, 
Died t: March, '!)/,, 



John James Gordon, 
Major 16 Dec, '92. 



Note.— The word ' Brigade' is used to desigmate those officers of the N. B. Regiment who were 
coniinued in their posi-ions by the G. O. constituting the N. B. Brigade of Garrison Artillery. This 
order was dated 26th May, 1869. 



234 



APPENDICES. 

THE COLVILLE COMPANY {At St. /oh?i). 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1793. 
4 May. 


John Colville. 


Thomas Gilbert. 


.John Ward. 


1808. 
{or before) 


Andrew Crookshank, 

Died 13 Feb., 1815. 
James Potter, (See p. Hh) 


William Donald. 


David Waterbury 


1816. 
10 August. 




David Waterbury. 


Caleb Ward. 


1821. 
May 1, 
(about) 


David Waterbury, 

Retired with rank of Major, 

S Sept., 1822. 


Caleb Ward. 


John C. Waterbury. 


Sept. 3. 




Thomas Barlow. 


. 


1822. 
Sept. 3. 


John C. Waterbury, 
Retired with rank h July, '26. 


Thomas T. Hanford. 


George Waterbury. 


1827. 
9 January. 

1833. 
13 April. 


Thomas Barlow, 
Retired with rank of Major, 
28 Feb., '38. 


George Waterbury. 

V. Hanford, deceased. 
Retired with rank 3 Nov: 38. 




14 April. 






Robert Robertson (Serc/t). 


15 April. 






Charles J. Melick. 


1839. 
8 March. 




Charles J. Melick. 




9 March. 


Robert Robertson, vice Barlow, 
Retired with rank, 10 Apr. %3. 






23 April. 






Lewis Durant, 

vice Melick, promoted. 


1843. 
10 April. 


Charies J. Melick, 
Major 6 Dec, \59, vice G. F. 
Street, deceased. 







OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

THE COLVILLE COMPANY —Con/imie^. 



235 



Date. 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



1843, 
12 April. 



Lewis Durant. 



184S. 

11 August. 



James G. .Melick. 



18(50. 
•24 .January. Lewis Durant, James G. Meliek, 

Retired irith rank IS Mar., "61. Thomas Coke Humbert. 



June 27. 



Alexander Rankine, 

viee Humbert reHirjned. 



1861. 
13 April. James G. Melick, 

Retired unth rank 13 April, '61, 

13 April. Alexander Rankine, 

Retired with rank 2h Feb., '63. 



23 April. 



Wm. Fred'rk Deacon. 



Roger Hunter. 



1862. 
U Nov. 


Samuel R. 


Thomson. 




1864. 
8 Jul.v. 






Christopher Murray. 


20 July. 






Roger Hunter. 


1865. 

4 January. 






Owen Jones, 
from Charlotte Co. 


1866 
10 January. 


Christopher Murray. 


{Seryt.) Stephen Kent Foster 

Captain and Paymaster, 

, 19 June, -67. i 



By M. G. O. 20 March, 1868, the services of this battery were dispensed with. 



(Siajnatnre of First Captain) ^^ 



236 



APPENDICES. 



CAPTAIN NICHOLSON'S BATTERY, 

FROiM 1st BATTALION' CITY MILITIA. 



Date. 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second LieuteEant. 



1833. 
8 Oct. 



9 October. 

10 October. 



Thomas L. Nicholson, John Pollok, 

Capt. 31 Aug., '30 ; 2nd Major Retired with rank on ac 
SO March '/tl. ' " "" "---"--• 



coxmt of ill health 10 April 

'1^3. Charters Simonds, 

Left limits. 11 A^ rll, 7^ 

Wm. Ross. 



1838. 



M. G. O. 25 June. 



1841. 
30 March. William Hughson, 

Resigned 1% Aug., 'US, 

1843 
10 April. 



11 April, 

1846. 

20 January. 



William Wright, 
To Rannejfs 11 Aug., 'US. 



C. C. Stewart 



Robert Reed, 
Dated from 10 Oct., 'hi 



184'. 

12 August. C. C. Stewart, 

Retired with rank 1 July, '59. 

13 August. 



Robert Sweet, 



Did not re-enrol under Act of 1862. 



B. LESTER PETER'S BATTERY. 



Date. 



Captain, 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



1861. 
•if, Maicb. H. Lester Peters, Robert R. Sneden, F, G. W, Lansdowne, 

From St. John City Militia. Lieut. U ^Vor.. '59; Capt. 2nd Lietit, 3 Jan,, '60; 
lit. Li-eut.-Col. 1 Oct., '66. 10 Oct., '66 1st Lieut, 8 July, '61,. 

George J, Thomas, 
Lieut. Ik Nov., '59. 

Tlieio -was no clumi^e in tlie officers of this battery. 



OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

CAPTAIN RANNEY'S BATTERY. 

ARTILLERY ATTACHED TO RiKLE BATTALION (2nd Battalion St. John City.) 



237 



Date. 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



1834. 
2G Api-il. William Parker Ranney, 



26 April. 



1841. 
31 March, 



Stephen Kent Foster, 
Major lu Aug., 'U8, vice Nichol- 
son deceased ; Lt,-Col. 6 Dec,, 
'59. 



1843. 
10 



April . 



William Hughson, N. W. Wallop. 

Lieut. 5 Nov., '3.3, 2nd Ba^ p, . • , . wicrffin« 
talion St. John City Militia. ^'f,rymaster S)'!?;"!,' '^. 

S. K, Foster, 

Lieut. 13 Nov., 'S3, ^nd 
Batt. St. John City Militia. 
Commission dated 25 April 
'3L 



William Wright. 



1848, 

11 August. Wm. Wright, (from Hughson's^, 

Retired uith rank 1 July, '59. 

12 August. 

1859. 
6 December. John R. Marshall, 
vice Wright. 



George F Thompson. 
: Robert J. Leonard. 



John R. Marshall. 
Francis Smith. 



Did not re-enrol under Act of 1862. 



CAPTAIN McLAUCHLAN'S BATTERY (Carleton). 



Date. 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



17 April. John McLau(hlan, Richard Newell Knight. 

Retired with rank 9 Feb., '61,. Resigned 3 Oct., '62, 



20 August. 

1862. 

18 Sept. 

19 Sept. 

1864. 
11 February. Thomas M. McLachlan. 



Thomas M, McLachlan. 

William J. McCordock, 
(Sergt.) 



Thos. Mitchell McLachlan. 



George Hunter Clark, 
Resigned Jan. 13. '62. 



Services of the battery dispensed with 8 March, 1865. 



238 



APPENDICES. 

No. I (CAPTAIN PICK'S) BATTERY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1859. 
Nov. 14. 


James Mount, 
late R. A. 


i 

George Hamilton Pick. 

Robert R. Sneden, 
Transferred 25 March, '61. 


Note.— The lieutenants ap- 
pointments are dated Nov. 
14, '59, while Mount to ad- 
jutancy is dated Sept. 20, 
'59. 


1860. 
January 3. 

1861. 
April 13. 


George Hamilton Pick, 
Bt. Major 7 Nov., '66; 
(1st class certificate 3 Nov., '71) 
BLLt.-CoL, 7 Nov ,71; 
To majority 7 Dec, '71. 


George Thomas, 
Trans/erred 25 March, '61, 


Francis Gilbert Ward Lans- 
downe, {Sergt.) transferred 
25 March, '61. 




William J. Shannon, {Sergt,) 

Retired with rank 20 July, 

'6k, 
John M, Taylor, {Sergt.') 

Retired with rank 20 July, 

'6k. 




1864. 
13 July, 




Jacob Day Underbill. 


14 Dec. 

1866. 
21 February. 




Jacob Day Underbill, 
Capt. 2nd Jan., '67. 
Adj't 17 July, '67, 


James McNichol, jr. 


7 Nov. 






John R. Smith, 
Retired 7 Nov., '66, 


1867. 
30 January. 




James McNichol. 




1871. 
6 April. 




John Alexander Kane, 





13 Sept. 



1872. 



•iSFebruarj'. John Alexander Kane, 

g. V. b. 2nd. 

,„ Retired with rank 20 Mar., 

31 May. 



1H74. 
2 .Fanuarv, 



From No. 10 (prov.) g. v.b. 
2nd, 9 Feb., '72, 



John E, Bell, g. 
' (Left limits.) 



Charles William Drury, 
(prov,)g, s, 1st s. c, IS Oct, 
'7k; g. s, 1st l,c. 2 July,'75, 
Transferred to 'A' Battery 
as Lieut,, 23 Feb., '77, 



(Sergt.) John E. Bell, 
(prov,)g, c. 22 May, '72, 



Andrew J, Armstrong, 
(prov.) g. c, 2nd, 19 June 

'72. 

Matthew Wallace (prov,) 
vice Armstrong to No. 10; 
Resigned S Oct,, '79, 



Date. 



OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

No. I (CAPTAIN PICK'S) BATTERY— Con fmued. 



239 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



21 Dec. 



1S79. 
3 October. 



1881. 
24 June. 



1885. 
20 March. 



10 April. 



1887. 
17 June. 



16 Sept. 



1889. 
31 Ma . 



29 Nov. 



1890. 
20 June. 



1893. 
23 June. 



1894. 



Julv. 



1895. 
12 Oct. 



21 Dec. 



jJoseph Howe, 

1 //, », Ists, c, so Nov., '77 ; 
2nd class, I. c 8 Nov., '7S. 

George Kerr Berton, v. b. 
(prov.) from retired list of 
Captains, vice Hour, left 
limits. 

Charles Frederick Langan, Stanley Douglas Crawford, 
g 8 1st s.c 22 Jan., '76. (prov,)g. s. 2nd, 6 April, 
Transferred to adjvtancy. '^~> 



George Bliss Seely, 
m. s. 2nd, 22 March, '72; r. s. a. \ 
1st, 22 Nov., '85; Promoted to. 
majority 12 Feb., '89. | 



Stanley Douglas Crawford, Robert Rankin Ritchie, 
ff. 8. 2nd ; transferred to {prov.) r.s.a. 1st. 20 April, 
Captaincy No. 3, 3 June, '80. 
'87. 



Robert Rankin Ritchie, 
r. s. a. 1st. 
Resigned 29 Nov., '89. 



John Edward Earle Dickson, 
(prov.) Resigned 20 June, 

'90, 



Stanley Douglas Crawford, 
Capi. 3 June, '87, from No. 3, 



I Walter Wood worth White, 
r. s. a. 1st, from No. 2 ; 
transferred to No 5 and 
promoted 1 June, '9h. 



Herbert Chipman Tilley, 
{prov.) from No, 5; r. s, a, 
2nd, 18 May, '92; trans- 
ferred to No, 2 and pro- 
moted 20 Jan., '93. 

Gordon Sutherland McLeod 
(prov.) Transferred to No, 
3, 12 Oct,, '95' 

Gunner Beverley Robinson 
Armstrong (prov,) r, s, a, 
1st, 9 Sept,, '95. 

Arthur Cavendish Hamilton 
Gray, (prov.) 



Beverley Robinson Ami- 
strong, r. s. a. 1st. 



240 



APPENDICES. 

No. 2 (CAPTAIN ADAMS') BATTERY. 



Date 


Captain. 






Lieutenant. 




Second Lieutenant, 


1859. 






Dec. 6, 


Josiah Adams. 






Josepii Coram, 




George J, Stackhouse, 




Jietired with rank U Feb, 
Died 31 May, '68. 


, '63; 


Edwin J. Wetmore. 






1860. 














June 27. 








James Quinton, 














vice Coram redgned. 












To St. John Co. 


Militia 




1861. 








27 Oct., '63. 






Sept. 2. 












Martin Hunter Peters, 
vice Stackhouse resigned 


1862. 
July 11. 


Martin Hunter Peters, 
Bt. Major 30 Jan,, 
class certif. 3 Nov., 
Major 7 Dec, 71 ; Bt 
30 Jan., '72. 


'67 
71; 
.Lt, 


; 1st 









1867, 
Jan, 31, 



1871. 
May 19. 

1872. 
February 23. 



James Alfred Ring, (prov.) 
I g. V. b. 2nd, 9 Feb., '72. 



James Alfred Ring, (j. v, b, 2nd. 
Retired ivith rank lit At(a„ '85. 



1875. 
Sept. 17. 



1878. 
5 July. 



1881. 
5 August. 



1885. 
15 May. 



4 Sept. 



1886. 
4 June, 



18 .June. 



C. Fred Langan, from adjutancy. 
Tram/erred to adjutancy 18 
June, '86, 



James Carleton (prov,) 
Jietired Sept. 17, '75. 



Thomas Wm, Lander (prov,) 
vice Carleton resigned. 
Transferred to No. 9 31 
May, 'J78, 

Wm, Jas, Kingston, (prov,) 
vice Lander. 



(Sergt,) James Kersey Easty,(Sergt.) Bernard Trestrum 
■ (prov.) Rin^, vice Kingston left 

limits. 
John James Gordon (prov.) 
j vice Easty ; r. s. a. 1st, 27'. 
\ March, '86, i 

1 George Kerr McLeod (prov,) 

! vice Ming left limits, 

i r, s. a, 1st, 15 May, '86, 

, Transferred to No. 3 11 

i March, '87. 



John James Gordon, r, s. a l8t,\ 
To mnjoritij If; Dec., '92. ; 



officers' service lists. 241 

No. 2 (CAPTAIN ADAMS') BATTERY.— Con ftnued. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant, 


Second Lieutenant. 


1886. 








30 July. 




Albert Arthur Clark (prov.) 




1887. 








5 August. 






Walter Woodworth WTiite, 
(prov,) r 8, a. 1st, 10 Sept, 
'89; transferred to No. 1 


1S89. 






and promoted 29 Nov, '89, 


31 May. 




(Bomb.) John Babington 
Macaulay Baxter (prov.) 
vice Clark resigned; r.g.a. 




1891. 




Ist, 10 Sept,, '89, 




28 August. 






Arthur Drake Wetmore, 
from No. h 28 Aug. '91. 
Struck off li^t 10 Nov , '9U. 


1892. 








16 Dec. 


John Babington Macaulay Baxter 
r. 8 a 1st, vice Gordon pro- 
moted. 






1893. 








20 January, 




Herbert Chipman Tilley. 
r. 8, a. 2nd, from No, 1. 










1894, 








10 Nov, 






Frederick Arthur Foster, 
(prov.) r.s.a. 2nd, 27 Aua., 






$ 


'95. 



No. 3 (CAPTAIN HURD PETERS') BATTERY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


I860. 
January 4. 


Hurd Peters, 

To St, John Co. Militia, 


Alexander Rankin, 
Resigned 7 April, '63. 




1863. 


1 Sept., '68, 


James Kirk, 
Resigned 30 June, '63. 




27 April. 






John Simonds. 


27 July. 






B!dward Jones, 


29 October. 


John Simonds, 
Retired iiith rank 29 June, '6A 


Edward Jones, 

Retired ivith rank 3 Aug., 

'61,. 


Richard Farmer. 


1864. 
8 July, 


Richard Farmer, Bt. Major 27 
Feb., '67 ; 1st class certificate 3 
Nov., '71 ; Retired with brevet 
rank 31 May, '72 ; appointed 


• 



quartermaster lU June, '72. 



242 APPENDICES. 

No. 3 (CAPTAIN KURD PETERS') BATTERY.— Co»itnued. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1864. 
7 Sept. 




Wm, Cunard, g. c. 2nd, 9 
Feb., '72; Capt. 27 Feb,'67. 


George Garby. 


14 Dec. 




George Garby. 




1867. 
27 March. 




(SgtrMajor) Thomas Scott, 
</. c. 2nd, 22 Aug., '73; re- 
tired with rank 2 June, 
'76. 


T, Crocket. 


3 June. 






{Gunner) Joseph Ewing, 
(jyroy ) vice Crocket left 



1872. 
31 May. 


1876. 
2 June. 


1877. 
28 Sept. 


6 April. 


30 Nov. 


1878. 
14 June. 


^ 


1884. 
15 August, 


1885. 
10 April. 


1886. 
22 April. 


16 July. 


1887. 
11 March. 



William Cunard, v. b., g. c. Ist.l 
Captain 27 Feb., '67 ; Bt. Major 
27 Feb,, '72 ; Bt. Lieut.-Col, 27 
Feb., '77 ; To district store- 
keeper 1 July, '77. 



Joseph Ewing. 
Retired vrith rank Ik Aug., '85. 



March, '71. 



Joseph Ewing. 



Lewis D. Milledge, g. s. 
Resigned 27 Dec, '78. 



{William Barber, (prov.^ 
Resigned 10 April, '8. 
I (Died lU Dec, '91.) 



iHedlev Vickers Cooper, 
! Retired k Feb., '87. 



Wm. Murray Botsford, r.s.a. Ist. 
Resigned -? June, '87. \ 



Lewis D. Milledge, m. s. 



George Frederick Cole, 
(prov.) g. 8. 1st s. c ril 
Oct.. '79. 

Horace W. Cole, (prov.) 
vice George F. Cole left 
limits ; Resigned 10 April 
'85. 

William Murray Botsford, 

vice Cole, r, s. a, 1st, 22 
Nov.. '85, 



N.W. Chas. Frederick Har- 
rison, (prov,) r. s. a. 1st, 
10 Sept., '89, 



(George Kerr McLeod, 
r. s. a. 1st, from No. 2. 



officers' service lists. 243 

No. 3 (CAPTAIN KURD PETERS') BATTERY.— Con ftnued. 

Date. Captain. | Lieutenant. | Second Lieutenant. 



1887 



3 June. Stanley Doujflas Crawford, 

7. ^. 2nd, from JVo. 1; Trans- 
ferred to \o, 1 SI May, 'S9, 

31 May. George Kerr McLeod, r.s.a. Ist. 
To adJMtamy 22 Jan., '92, 



29 Nov. 



1890. 
20 June. 



22 Jan. 
22 July. 



N,W. Charles Frederick Har- 
rison, r. 8. a, Ist. 



Robert Huntley Gordon, 
(prov.)r.s.a. 1st, 22 July, 

'92. 



X. W. Chas. Frederick Harrison, 
r s. a. 1st ; Retired with rank 
IS May, '9U. 



Robert Huntley Gordon, Walter Edward Foster, 
r. s, a. 1st. ' (prov.) r. s. a. Ist, 4 Oct,, 

'92, 



22 June. Robt. Huntley Gordon, r.s,a. 1st Walter Edward Foster, 

r. s. a. 1st. 

1895. 

12 October. 



Gordon Sutherland McLeod, 
{prov.)from No 1 Co, 



No. 4 (Formerly No. lo) BATTERY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant, 


Second Lieutenant. 


1869. 
5 March. 


John Kerr, (prov.) g. c. 2nd, 6 
May, '69. 


i 
! 

John A. Kane, (prov.) 
To No. 1 Batt. 6 April,'! 1. 


1 

John Evans Daley, (prov,) 
Stibst. 20 April, '69. 


1871. 
6 April. 




Geo. Lawrence Foster, m. s. 




19 May. 

1872. 
14 June. 


John King v. b. 




(Batt.Sgt. Major) John King 
(prov.) vice Daley left 
limits. Subst.l5April,'72 



244 APPENDICES. 

No. 4 (Formerly No. lo) BATT'^.RY.— Continued. 



Date. 



1872, 
6 Sept. 



1873. 



Captain. 



1 August. Andrew J. Armstrong, g. c. 2nd. 
\ from, No. 1 vice King deceased, 
h s. 2nd, to majority 22 Oct., 



10 October. 



1876. 
11 August. 

1880. 
6 February. 

M.G.0.6 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



6 Feb. 

20 April. 

B86. 
22 October. 



1887. 
7 April. 



17 August. 



1891, 
28 August. 



Feb. '85, to be No. 4 Batt. 



Wm. H. McColgan, (prov ) Jaines McKinney, (prov,) 
vice Foster left limits. ' Resigned 1 Axig., '73. 
Resigned 1 Aug., '7S, 



(5V7«. -if a;or) William Arthur (Z?om6.) George Till, {prov.) 
King, {prov.) g. c. 2nd, 31 Resigned 11 Aug., '76. 
March, 7A; Paymaster 



Feb., '81. 



Robert Inch, (prov.) 



Wm, Alex. Douglas Steven, 
(prov.) vice Inch left limits, 
g, c. 2nd, 2h March, '80. 



W. A. D. Steven, g. c. 2nd. 



Arthur Shirley Benn, (proi;,)| George West Jones, (prov.) 
vice Steven) resigned I?' r. s. a. 1st, 22 Nov., '85. 
Aug., '88. ' j 



George West Jones, r, s, a. 1st. 
\ To majority 28 July, '9U, 



\(Corp.) Thos, Edward Griri- 
I don Armstrong, (prov.) 
i r. s. a, 2nd, 13 June, '91. 



Arthur Drake Wetmore, 

' orov.) To No. 2 
ieut. 28 Aug., '90. 



(prov.) To No. 2 as 2nd 
Lie 



Thos, E, G. Armstrong, 
r. s. a. 2nd. 



Frederick Caverhill Jones, 
(prov.) r,s,a, 1st, 21 Feb., 
'93. 



1894. 
28 Julv. 



Thomas JIdward Grindon Arm- Frederick Caverhill Jones, i Sherwood Arthur Manning 
strong, r, s. a. 2nd. r. s. a. 1st. Skinner, (pr(yv,) 



OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

No. 5 (Formerly No. 9) BATTERY. 



245 



Date. 



1878, 
31 May. 



1881. 
19 August. 



Captain. 



Lieutenant. 



Second Lieutenant. 



Thomas VVni, Lander, (prov,) Frederick H. Ellis, (prov,) 
from 2nd Lieut, No. 2 ; m,s, 
2nd, 2h Mar, '80; Retired tvith 
ir\fantryrank lU Aug.,'85, \ 

j William Roxborough, 
! vice Ellis left limits. 



Designation altered to No. 5 Battery, 6 reb.,|1885. 



1885. 
20 April, 



1886, 
22 April, 



May 



1888. 
23 Nov. 



1889, 
29 No\ . 



Edward Jewett Scammell, j Ernest Hatheway Turnbull. 
vice Roxborough; r. s. a.\ (prov.) 

2nd; 22 Nov., '85, 



Edward Jewett Scammell, 
r.8,a. 2nd ; Retired with rank 
31 May, '89, 



Jas. Albert Edward Steeves,j 
{prov,) r. 8. a, 1st, 10 Sept, 



Herbert Chipman Tilley, 

i {prov.) to No. 1 20 June, 
'90. 



James A. E. Sleeves, r, s. a. 1st, 
Retired with rank 1 June, '9U, 



20 June, 



7 Julv, 



[Frederick Landon Temple, Robert Pattison Foster. 
{prov.) r, s. a, 1st, 4 Oct,, I {prov.) vice Tilley; Re- 
'92. I tired 7 July, '93. 

j Edward Walter Bates Scovil, 
' {prov.) vice Foster. 



1 June, 



1895. 
21 Dec. 



Walter Woodworth White, 
, r. s. a 1st, from No, 1 Co, 
Transferred to adjutancy 

Nov,, '95. 

Frederick Landon Temple, 
r, s, a. 1st. 



Ernest Ray Jones, (prov. ) 



246 



APPENDICES. 

CHARLOTTE COUNTY ARTILLERY 



Date. 



27 May. 

1828. 
19 May, 



Captain, 
At Saint AndreAvs, 1st Battalion 



Lieutenant. 



James Muir. 



1829. 
4 February. William Whitlock, 

To quartermaster 1st Battalion 
Charlotte Co. Militia, k April 

1837. 
6 Dec. 

1842. 
4 April. Thomas B. Wilson, 

Prov. A. D.C.,^2 Feb., %7. 



iWilUam Whitlock. 



Thomas Berrv. 



Second Lieutenant. 



Henry Frye, 

Date of appointment un- 
known, was transferred to 
Sea Fencibles by mistake. 



2nd 



1828. 
10 March. 



11 March. 



Battalion. 



Henrj' Frye. 



William Gray. 
John Messinett. 

Benjamin Milliken. 



1829. 

2 July. John Mowatt, Lieut, from 1st 

Batt.; Retired 10 Aug., 'AS 
with rank of major from 21 
, Aug., 'US- 
IMS, i 
10 August. I J. Messinett. 

j This company came into N.B. R. A. by M. G. 0. 
^4thl Battalion— At St. Stephen. 

1827. ! 

26 March. T. or J. Armstrong. 



31 March. 



1834, 
8 April. 



9 April. 



William T. Rose, 
Retired with rank of major 13 
June, '66. 



James Frink. 

T. Campbell, dated 9 April. 



5 Dec, 1840. 



J. Maxwell, suspended by M. 
G. 0, 8 April, '3U, and re- 
instated by M. G. 0. 17 
March, '35. 



*This company came into N. B. R. A. at its formation. 
Captain Clewly's appointment is in succession to Captain Rose. 



|W. Andrew's. 
I Peter Brown. 

See No. 8 battery where 



OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

WESTMORELAND COUNTY ARTILLERY. 



247 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


2nd 


Battalion. 






1825. 


Harris. 


George L. Kinnear. 
William Burnham. 




25 July. 


George L. Kinnear. 




GeoiT?e Hay. 


1831. 
30 May. 


William Bumhani. 


George Hay, 




1832. 
27 Sept. 






Henry Ogden. 


1833. 
3 July. 






Charles Dixon. 


1836. 
19 June. 


George Hay, 
Retired with rank 15 July,' 39. 






21 June. 




Henrj- Ogden 




1841. 
1 July. 






Thomas Ogden. 


1842. 
12 July. 






Nelson Bulmer. 


13 July, 






Charles Palmer, 


3rd 


Battalion. 






1833. 
22 Octoljer. 


Thomas B. Moore. 


Elisha Stephens 




23 October. 






Joseph Rodgers. 


1840. 
6 July. 






Solomon Stiles, 
vice Rogers deceased. 


1849. 
14 July. 






Robert Rogers. 



Many of these names appear in almanacs without the 'art, 
artillery officers. It is probable that the artillery gradually changed 



which was then used to denote 
into infantry companies. 



248 



APPENDICES. 

FREDERICTON, YORK COUNTY, ARTILLERY. 



Date 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1st 


Battalion. 




Note. -An attempt has been 
made to group' these names in 
three organizations, but it is sub- 




George P. Bliss, 
Bt. Major 17 Sept. '33. 


Richard Dibblee, 
Lieut. 9 Jan., '26. 


mitted without any pretension to 
accuracy. Recollections of these 
batteries are indistinct and con- 










flicting and the organizations 


1834, 






seem to have been somewhat 


25 August. 




John Saunders Shore. 


irregular. The names of Isaac 
Naish, 1st lieutenant, and Alex. 


2 Sept. 




Donald McLeod, 


Mitchell, 2nd lieutenant, appear 
in M. G. 0. 30 May, 1860. On 25 






Retired with rank 13 Sept. 


March, 18iil, Mitchell was pro- 






HI. 


moted to Ist lieutenant vice 


1836. 






Naish deceased. They are said to 
have belonged to Fredericton, but 
nothing definite is known con- 
cerning them. 


18* June, 
1838. 


John S, Shore, 
To H. M. Uth Foot. 


George M. Odell. 


8 May. 






John C. Allen. 


1839, 








8 March. 






William H. Shore. 


1841. 








28 July. 


John C, Allen, 


. 


James Moore, 




Prov. A. D. C. 5 July, 'U. 




9 May, 'U9. 


1838, 








8 May. 


G, F. Berton, 


James F. Berton, 






from l8t York Battalion, 


from 1st York Battalion. 




9 May. 




• 


Edward B. Peters. 


1841. 








23 July. 


James F. Berton, 






1855 


To majoHty 5 ApHl, '65. 






ISApril. 






Thomas Paisley, R. A., 


1864. 


. 




{Sgt. Major.) 


14 Oct. 






Wm. Wood bridge Street. 


1865. 








7 June. 






John Allen, jr. 


1866, 








29 August. 


William W. Street. 


John Allen, jr. 1 






Disbanded by M. G. 0. 27 


March, 1867. 

j 




1862. 








9 Dec, 


Enoch Wood Chestnut. 
from 1st Battalion York Co. 




George Clopper Peter^?, 


1868. 


Retired with rank 19 April,' 61^, 


j 
j 




14 April. 






John Matthew Stratton. 


17 April. 




George Clopper Peters. 





officers' service lists. 
GAGETOWN, QUEENS COUNTY, ARTILLERY. 



249 



Date. 


Captain. 

J. Warren Travis. 

Transferred to 1st Battalion 
Queens Co. MUitia, 21 Oct. '62. 


Uentenant. 


Second Lientenant. 


1860. 
27 March. 


Frederick Lundrine Knox, 


William J. Frost, 
Struck of 3 March, '63. 


1862. 
•24 Nov. 


Fred L. Knox, 

Transferred to 1st Battalion 
Qveens Co. Militia, 22 Dec. '63. 


Edward Simpson. 




1863. 
21 April. 






C, F. Hobea, 



No. 4 BATTERY, ST. ANDREWS, CHARLOTTE COUNTY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1866. 
14 Feb. 


Henry- Osbum, from Lieut. 1st 
Battalion Charlotte Co. Militia. 
Besif/md 28 Jan., '70. 


Thomas T. Odell, from En- 
sign 1st Battalion Char- 
lotte Co. MUitia. 


Walter B. Morris. 


11 April. 






Nicholas T. Greathead, 
From Ensign 1st Batt. 
Charlotte Co. Militia. 


12 April. 




Walter B. Morris, 
Resigned 28 Jan., '68. 




1868, 
29 Januarj'. 




Nicholas T. Greathead, 
Resigned 30 Sept., '70. 




1870. 
30 Sept. 


Eber S. PoUeys, {prov.) 


William Whitlock, {prov.) 




1871. 
2 June. 






Francis O. Stoop, (prov.) 



250 APPENDICES. 

No. 5 BATTERY, WOODSTOCK, CARLETON COUNTY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1833. 
17 Sept. 


Abraham K. Smedes Wetmore, 
(2nd Captaincy.) 






1839. 
8 March. 


To be captain from the unat- 
tached list ; Retired with rank 
of major 23 June, '62. 






9 October. 






Walter D, Bedell. 


1840. 
5 May. 




Thomas E. Perle/. 




1845. 
30 October. 




Walter D. Bedell, 
Retired with rank U Jan., 
'60 > 




18*8. 
14 August. 






Charles H. Connell. 


1860. 
7 February. 




Jamjs Edgar. 




7 February. 






Edward D. Watts. 


7 February. 




William Skillen, 

Trans/erred to 1st Batt. 
Carleton Co. Militia, 27 
Oct., '63. 




1866. 
30 May. 


James Edgar. 


James Grover Balloch, 
Retired 7 Nov., '66, 


John Coffin Winslow. 


1867. 
2 January. 




John Coffin Winslow. 


(Sergt.) Wm. P. Donnell, 


16 October. 




William P. Donnell. 


(Sergt.) Samuel T. Baker, 


1871. 
28 June. 






(Sergt.) W. 0. Raymond. 



Transferred to field battery by M. G. 0. 24 April, 1874. 



OFFICERS SERVICE LISTS. 

No, 6 BATTERY, ST. GEORGE, CHARLOTTE CO. 



251 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1869, 
26 May, 


Authorized. 






1870. 
28 October, 


M. G. 0, explains that the fol 


lowing appointments were 


omitted from previous order: 


1871. 
13 Sept. 


James Bolton. 


Mark HaU. 


(Sgt.-Major) Joseph McCor- 
mack, (prov.) 



No. 7 BATTERY, CHATHAM, NORTHUMBERLAND CO. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant, 


Second Lieutenant. 


1860. 
6 March. 


James C. E. Carmichael. 


Elijah Parsons. 


Thomas F, Gillespie. 


1867. 
28 Feb. 


Thomas F, Gillespie. 

V. 6, l8t, 2 Ajrril, 7^; Bt, 
Majors April, '73; Bt, Lieut. 
Col. 2 Apnl, '77 ; Retired re- 
taining brevet rank 12 Dec, 'SU. 


Francis J. Letson, 
Resigned 12 June, '7L 


John F. Gemmill, 
Retired 25 Nov., '70, 


1868. 
3 .June. 






Daniel Orummin, 
Removed 12 Dec,, '8U. 


1870. 
25 Nov. 






(Sergt.) James Wm. Eraser, 
g. V b. 26 Awj., '72. 


1874. 
12 June, 




James Wm. Eraser, g, v. b. 
Retired wUh rank 12 Dec, 
'8U, 





Battery non-effective and removed from list M. G. O. 12 December, 1884. 



252 APPENDICES. 

No. 8 BATTERY, ST. STEPHEN, CHARLOTTE COUNTY. 



Date. 


Captain. 


Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1866. 
2 May, 




William Isaac Clewly. 


Herbert Wm. Goddard. 


13 June, 

1867. 

6 February. 


William Isaac Clewly, 
appointed vice Rose, see Char- 
lotte Co. Artillery, p. 2Ue. 
Retired 15 July, '68. 


Edward H, Clark. 


{Sergt.-Major) William H 
Stevens. 


17 July. 




W, H, Stevens, 
Resigned 26 May, '69. 




18 July, 






{Sergt-Major) John H.Rose, 


1868. 
15 July. 


Edward H. Clarke, 
Retired with rank 21, Mar, '71. 






1869. 
26 May, 




William Vaughan. 




1871, 
24 March. 


John H, Rose, 
{prov. and specially.) 




(Sergt.-Major) Thomas D 
Stevenson, (prov,) 



No. 9 BATTERY, ST. GEORGE, CHARLOTTE COUNTY. 



Date. 


Captain, 


* ^ 

Lieutenant. 


Second Lieutenant. 


1869. 
6 February. 


Charles McGee, q.f. 0. 


Robert A. Stewart. 


Joseph Meating, 



By M. G. 0. 19 June, 4874, this battery was detached from the N. B. B. G. 
A. and changed to a company of infantry. 



INDEX. 



Aberdeen, Earl and Countess of, visit St. 
John, 216. 

Accidents, fatal, at Chatham, 149; destruction 
of walls at St. John, 156. 

Adams, Josiah, captain, company of, 85. 

Allen, John, assists in making up roll for 
Fredericton battery, 148. 

Allen, Sir John C, lieutenant, 49, 52 ; adjut- 
ant, 63 ; pro\4ncial A. D. C, 73 ; resigns 
adjutancy, 84. 

Anderson, Corporal, bravery at St. John fire, 

157- 

Anderson, James, private in Nicholson's, 43. 

Anderson, James, corporal R. A., presenta- 
tion to, 100. 

Anderson, Thos. H., captain 78th, appointed 
Ivieutenant-Colonel in charge western New 
Brunswick, 131. 

Andrews, Joseph, M. D., assistant surgeon, 
153 ; re-appointed, 153. 

Andrews, W. lieutenant, 48, 84, 246. 

Andrews, Corporal, J. R., bravery at St. 
John fire, 157. 

Anthony, Henry, private, 5, 11 ; one of three 
survivors present at the semi-centennial, 
69. 

Armstrong, Andrew J., captain, 147, 173 ; pre- 
sentation to, 163 ; major, 174; presentation 
to, 175 ; district storekeeper, 176. 

Armstrong, Beverley R., lieutenant, 214, 219. 

Armstrong, J., captain, 41. 

Annstrong, John R., member of Peters' bat- 
tery, 112 ; appointed to command of artil- 
lery, 169; his training, 170; offers ser^ces 
of brigade in North-west, 172; provincial A. 
D. C, 173; in command of Shoeburyness 
team, 173; welcome to on return, 175; A. D. 
C. to governor-general, 180; president Dom- 
inion Artillery Association, 185. 

Armstrong, T. E. G., lieutenant, 207. 

Armstrong, T., captain, 41. 

Armstrong, quartermaster sergeant, wins 
prizes, 150. i 

Aroostook war, 54. 

Arthur, Prince, visits St. John, 145. 

Artillery Association, Dominion, formed, 151; 
Provincial formed, 151; Dominion extended 
to garrison artillery, 165. 

Artillery, New Brunswick, first company 
forme'd, 4; muster roll, 4; rolls of i8o&^io, 
22 ; jubilee of, 66 ; centennial of, 207 ; cen- 
tennial rolls, 225. 

Artillery, New Brunswick Battalion, 208 ; 
" " " Brigade of , 143 ; 

" " " Regiment, 47; 

of Canadian Artillery, 219. 



Artillery, Royal, 7. 

Asylum, Provincial Lunatic, laying of corner 

stone, 74, 
'At Home,' band, 195. 
Atlantic Cable, laying of, 81. 



Baker, S, T., lieutenant, 250. 

Balloch, Jas. G., lieutenant, 250, 

Balls, 1833, 69; 1888, 179; 1892, 184; centen-nial, 
212. 

Band, the, 191 ; first appearance of, 173 ; 'At 
Home,' 195 ; concerts, 195, 2(>9 ; visits Char- 
lottetown, 195 ; membership and instru- 
mentation of, 196 ; committee, president 
of, 195- 

Band stand, built by No. 2 Company, 179. 

Barber, William, lieutenant, 242. 

Barlow, Thomas, a private, 22 ; becomes cap- 
tain, 39 ; in sham fight, 44 ; retires, 48. 

Bartlett, Corporal T. H., death of, 217. 

Battalion, change of name to, 208. 

Baxter, J. B. M., lieutenant, 183 ; assists in 
preparing manual, 183 ; Captain, 184. 

Beckvsrith, Captain A. D., attempts to raise 
battery at Fredericton, 148. 

Bedell, Walter D., lieutenant, 83. 

Belding, Daniel, private in first company 4, 
14 ; one of the survivors at semi-centennial 
69. 

Bell, John E, lieutenant, 238. 

Belyea, Sergeant C, wins cup, 149. 

Benn, A. S., lieutenant, 173. 

Berry, I^ieutenant Thos., 41, 48. 

Berry man, John, M. D., surgeon, appointed 
surgeon, 136, 140 ; retires, 153. 

Berton, Geo. F., captain, 48 ; death of, 64. 

Berton, Jas. F., lieutenant, 48; captain, 64, 83; 
major, 136; battery disbanded, 136; retired, 
136. 

Berton, W. S., bombardier Peters' battery, 
114. 

Blaine, I,ieutenant-Colonel Arbuthnot, 62nd 
Battalion, resolutions on retirement of, 185. 

Blake, H. M. S., visits St. John, 211. 

Bliss, Geo. P., captain, 43. 

Blockhouse battery, 205. 

Bolton, James, captain, company of, 138. 

Bonaparte, at Toulon, 2 ; St. Helena, 3 ; ab- 
dicates, 29. 

Botsford, Blair, gift of cup, 176. 

Botsford, I,eB., assistant surgeon, 83 ; retires, 
136. 

Botsford, William M., second lieutenant, 172; 
captain, 174. 

Boulton, Henry, wins medal, 119. 



254 



INDEX. 



Bourdette, Oliver, sergeant in Colville com- 
pany, 4, 9, 19. 
Boyd, John, lieutenant-governor, death ot, 

211. 

Boyd, J. W., paymaster, 47 ; resigned, 76. 
Brigade, change of name to, 142. 
Brock, vSir Isaac, rebuilding of monument, 66. 
Brown, James, quartermaster-sergeant, 219; 

best shot, 147. 
Brovsrn, Peter, lieutenant, 84. 
Browne, William, sergeant, 100. 
Bulmer, Nelson, lieutenant, 247, 
Bunting, J. 1,., gunner, wins prizes, 123, 128 ; 

assistant surgeon, 136, 140. 
Burgess, Gunner Fred. M., death of, 217. 
Burnham, Wm., lieutenant, 247. 
Busbies, adopted as head dress, 172. 
Bustin, James, reminiscences of, 29. 



Cameron, John, bombardier in Peters' bat- 
tery, 115. 

Campbell, J., lieutenant, 48, 84. 

Campbell, T., lieutenant, 246. 

Camps, Barrack square, 146; 'Dufferin,' 149; 
Su.ssex, 164. 

Carleton county, artillery in, 42. 

Carleton, James, lieutenant, 150. 

Carleton, St. John, formation of companies, 
85,86. 

Carmichael, J. C. E-, captain, company at 
Chatham, 86, 99. 

Carnivals, winter, 180 ; summer, 181. 

Carter, Major, W. F., in command during 
Prince of Wales' visit, 95. 

Centennial battery rolls, 225. 

Challenge cup, Montreal, 178. 

Chamberlain, A., bombardier in Peters' bat- 
tery, 115; secretary, 115. 

Charlotte county, artillery in, 41. 

Charnisay, d'Aulnay, attack on Fort I,a- 
Tour, 198. 

Chesley, John A., M. P., bombardier, 100. 

Chestnut, F). W., captain, 122; retires, 126. 

Chipman, Hon. Ward, 37 ; death, 38 ; house 
of, 17. 

Chubb, John, sergeant Colville' s company, 
4,9. 

Church parades, 166, 174, 175, 177, 179, 181, 183, 
184, 211^ 214, 218. 

Centennial year of corps, celebration of, 207 ; 
officers of corps in, 207; salutes fired, 208; 
concert, 209 ; smoking concert, 210 ; ball, 

2X2. 

Civil power, aid to , anticipated riot, 151 ; St. 
John fire, 155 ; upon execution, 162. 

Clark, A. A., lieutenant, 241. 

Clark, George Hunter, lieutenant, 97. 

Clark, F. H., captain, 136. 

Clewley, I.ieutenant Wm., 42 ; captain. 134 : 
retires, 136. 

Cobbett, William, historv of, 200; as an 
author, 201. 

Cole, John Amber, brevet colonel in com- 
mand ot force in N. B., 131. 



Cole, George F., lieutenant, 242. 

Cole, Horace W., lieutenant, 242. 

Colel)rooke, Sir William, 64. 

Colors, presented to regiment, 103 ; colors of 
St. John light infantry laid at rest, 214. 

Colville, John, first captain, 4 ; life of, 7; 
death, 8 ; signature of, 235. 

Concerts, by No. 2 Company, 180 ; band, 195 ; 
centennial, 209 ; smoking, 210. 

Confederation of provinces, 137. 

Connell, Chas. H., lieutenant, 83. 

Cooper, H. V., lieutenant, 172. 

Coram, Joseph, lieutenant, 85 ; resigns, 97. 

Coster, G. C, wins prize, 124. 

Cotton, I,ieutenant-Colonel W. H,, inspects, 
167. 

Crawford, S. D., lieutenant, 172; captain, 179; 
services as president of band committee, 
191: presentation to, 194. 

Crocket, T., lieutenant, 242. 

Crookshank, Andrew, private, 5 ; related to 
Captain Colville, 8 ; residence, 9 ; history, 
11; second captain, 23; member of city 
council, 27 ; death, 33. 

Crummin, D., lieutenant, 251. 

Cunard, William, lieutenant, 126 ; captain, 
148; battery drills without pay, 153; on duty 
at fire, 155 ; district storekeeper, 159 ; com- 
mended in report, 159. 



Daley, John K., lieutenant, 143. 

Daniel, John W, appointed assistant surgeon, 
153; surgeon, 154; obtains certificate, 173. 

Davidson, F. A, W., corporal, 115. 

Davis, Richard D., secretary Peters' battery, 
114. 

Deacon, lyieutenant W. F., loi; obtains colors 
103 ; re-enrols battery, 122. 

Defence, national, fund for, 20 ; contribution 
of artillery company to, 20. 

DeVoe, Daniel, private, 5 ; sketch of, 13 ; 
d^ath, 51. 

Dibblee, Richard, lieutenant, 42, 48. 

Dicker, Rev. A. G. H., accepts colors for St. 
Paul's church, 216. 

Dickson, J. E. E., lieutenant, 239. 

Disputed boundary, 55. 

Dixon, Charles, lieutenant, 247. 

Dominion Artillery Association, 151, 152. 

Donnell, W. P., lieutenant, 250. 

Donnington, Corporal, instructor, 171. 

Dorchester battery, 5, 17, 205. 

Douglas, Sir Howard, governor, 37, 38, 39. 

Drill sheds, built at barracks, 159 ; at Port- 
land, 183 ; at Carleton, 184. 

Drury, C. W., lieutenant, 147, 149 ; adjutant 
Shoeburyness team, 173 ; major, 50. 

Drummond, Major, commandant at Fort 
Howe, freedom of city granted to, 28. 

Dufferin, I,ord, visit to St. John, 147. 

Dunham, I^ane, gunner, death of, 151. 

Durant, I,ewis, sergeant, 40 ; exhibits model 
of steam engine, 65 ; lieutenant, 85 ; cap- 
tain, 86 ; retires with rank, loi. 



INDEX. 



255 



' Eastern ' battery, 205. 

Eastport. town of, friendly resolutions, 26. 

Easty, J. H., lieutenant, 240. 

Edgar, James, captain, 86. 

Edwards, John C, won prize for attendance 

at drill, 178 ; appointed orderly room clerk, 

219. 
Ellis. Fred. H., lieutenant, 160. 
European & North American Railway, salute 

on turning of sod, 77. 
Ewing, Joseph, lieutenant, 144, 150 ; on duty 

at St. John fire and injured, 153 ; retires, 

171. 
Exhibition, Dominion, 1883, 167. 
Exhibition, Provincial, 163. 



Farmer, Richard, lieutenant, 124 ; captain, 
126 ; muster roll of battery, 127; brevet 
major, 13^; quartermaster, 149; retired, 231. 

Fenian excitement, 130, 145. 

Fire at St. John, 1877, 154 ; force called out, 
155 : blowing down of walls, 156 ; accident 
to Gunner Lamb, 156; to I,ieutenant Ewing, 
157 ; report of D. A. G. on, 158. 

'Flat Feet,' 80. 

Forts, The, 197 ; Dorchester battery, 5, 17, 
205 ; Fort Frederick, 27, 199. 

Foster, Fred. A., lieutenant, 241. 

Foster, George X,., sergeant, 114; lieutenant, 
243. 

Foster, Robert P., lieutenant, 207. 

Foster, vStephen Kent, lieutenant, 44, 48, 51 ; 
assisted in celebration of Queen's corona- 
tion, 53 ; captain, 64 ; maintained efficiency 
of portion of regiment, 72; major, 75; brevet 
lievitenant-Colonel, 85 ; assists in reception 
of Prince of Wales, 96 ; presides at social 
meeting of officers, 98 , speech in response 
to presentation of colors, 105 ; lieutenant- 
colonel, 129 ; commission as evidence of 
continuity of corps, 140 ; gazetted in bri- 
gade, 143 ; as senior officer at St. John re- 
quested to call out force for duty after fire, 
155 ; issues orders for corps to be in readi- 
ness for emergency, 159 ; thanked for sys- 
tematic preparation, 160; retires with rank, 
167 ; death of. 178. 

Foster. Stephen Kent, jr., bombardier, 114 ; 
corporal, 115 ; sergeant, 125 ; lieutenant, 
130 ; called out, 131 ; reminiscences of Fen- 
ian scare. 133 : paymaster, 136, 140, 143. 

Foster, Walter E., lieutenant, 207. 

Eraser, J. W., lieutenant, 150. 

Frink, James, lieutenant, 246. 

Frodsham, Sergeant, gunnery of, 137. 

Frost, Wm. J., lieutenant, 86. 

Frye, Henry, lieutenant, 246. 

Gallagher, Francis, bombardier, Peters' bat- 
tery, 114. 

Garby, George, lieutenant, 126 ; called out, 
131. 

Gemmill, John F., lieutenant, 136. 

George III, jubilee of, 23 ; death of, 35. 



George IV, proclaimed, 35 ; birthday salute, 
38. 

Gilbert, Thos., lieutenant in Colville com- 
pany, 4, 9. 

Gillespie, C. T., assisted at concert, 210. 

Gillespie, Thos. F., lieutenant, 86 ; raises 
battery at Chatham, 136 ; battery removed 
from fist, 168. 

Glasgow, H. Adam, sergeant, 85. 

Goddard, H. W,, lieutenant, 252. 

Good, Sergeant, on Shoeburyness team. 173. 

Gordon, Governor, address on Trent affair, 
118 ; censures addresses from volunteers, 
122. 

Gordon, J[ohn J., lieutenant, 172 ; captain, 
174 ; major, 184; presentation to, 185; quar- 
termaster, 214, 233. 

Gordon, Robert H., lieutenant, 207. 

Governors and administrators of N. B.: 
Carleton, Thos., 3, 6, 25 ; Ludlow, Gabriel 
G., 25; Winslow, Edward, 25; Hunter, 
Major-General Martin, 25; Johnston, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel George, 25 ; Balfour, Major- 
General William. 25 ; Smvthe, Major-Gen- 
eral G. T,. 25, 33 ; Hailes,' Lieutenant-Col- 
onel Harris Wm., 33 ; Saumarez, Sir Thos., 
33; Chipman, Hon. Ward, 37 ; Douglas, Sir 
Howard. 37, 38; Bliss, Hon. John M., 38; 
Harvey, Sir John, 55 ; Colebrooke, Sir Wil- 
liam, 64; Manners-Sutton, J. H. T., 80; 
Gordon, Arthur H., 102, 117; Wilmot, L- A., 
137 ; Tilley, vSir S. L., 149. 

' Graveyard ' battery, 205. 

Gray, Arthur C. H. lieutenant, 239. 

Gray, Rev. Dr., consecrates colors, 103. 

Gray, Lieutenant Colonel John H., presents 
colors, 103. 

Gray, Lieutenant William, 41. 

Greathead, Nicholas T., lieutenant, 132. 

Hall, Mark, lieutenant, 251. 

Hanford, Thos. T., lieutenant, 36. 

Harding, Geo. F., sergeant, 100. 

Hare, Lieutenant Chas., brings prize into 
port of St. John, 29. 

Harris, Captain, 42, 247. 

Harrison, Chas. F., lieutenant, presented 
with N. W. medal, 175 ; captain, 207 ; ser- 
vices, 172. 

Harrison, Mrs, C. W., assists at concert, 209. 

Hartt, Captain, J. T. T., assists at concert,210. 

Harvey, Sir John, governor during disputed 
boundary' question, 55. 

' Havelock ' battery, 100, 

Hayne, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard, referred 
to, 2 ; appointed to command of artillery, 
46 ; sketch of life, 49 ; provincial A. D. C, 
64; assistant adjutant-general, 75; adjutant- 
general, 76 ; assists in reception of Prince 
of Wales, 96 ; report for 1860, 99 ; provincial 
A. D. C, 102 ; quartermaster-general, 119 ; 
colonel-commandant, 129. 

Hay, George, lieutenant, 247. 

Hea, Fred. L,, paymaster sergeant, death of 
218. 



256 



INDEX. 



Hoben, C. F., lieutenant, 249. 

Holbrook. James, lieutenant, 42. 

Hopkins, John, private in Nicholson's bat- 
tery, 43. 

Howe, Joseph, lieutenant, 239. 

Hughes, Samuel, sergeant-major, instructs, 
171 ; life of, 187 ; presentation to, 188. 

Hughson, William, lieutenant, 43, 48 ; sketch 
of, 51. 

Humbert, Thos. Coke, lieutenant, 86; resigns, 
97. 

Hunter, Roger, lieutenant, 101, 126. 

Inch, Robert, lieutenant, bravery at St. John 
fire, 157. 

Inches, Keir, death of, 126. 

Inches, Peter R., M. D., sergeant, 114; ser- 
geant-major, 115, 125 ; lieutenant and cap- 
tain, 136. 

Inspections, 64, 89, 98, 102, 122, 124, 127, 129, 
145, 146, 153, 160, 162, 164, 165, 167, 172, 175, 
178, 179, 181, 183, 184, 211, 216, 218. 

Irwin, I^ieutenant-Colonel D. T., inspects, 
164, 165, 172, 175, 178, 179, 183, 215. 

Jack, I. Allen, gunner Petote' battery. 111 ; 
secretary, 108 ; vice chair*Tit last meeting, 
116. 

Jago, D. R., lieutenant R. A., 124 ; appointed 
captain and assistant adjutant-general of 
artillery, 131 ; arranges a system of signals 
during Fenian scare, 132 ; views on disci- 
pline, 134; assistance at Confederation, 141; 
inspects, 146; brevet lieutenant-colonel, 
149 ; appointed assistant inspector of artil- 
lery, 151; forms Provincial Artillery Associ- 
ation, 151 ; resignation, 151 ; death, 183. 

Johnston, Fort, 205. 

Johnston, Thos. H., orderly room clerk, 219 ; 
paymaster's sergeant, 219. 

Jones, Edward, gunner, wins Prince of Wales' 
medal, 114; Prince of Wales' cup, 123; gold 
watch, 123 ; lieutenant, 124. 

Jones, Ernest Ray, lieutenant, 219. 

Jones, F. C. lieutenant, 207. 

Jones, Geo. W., lieutenant, 173; captain, 174; 
major, 214 ; presents cup for competition, 
216, 217. 

Jones, Thomas, captain, 43. 

Jubilee of corps, celebration of, 66. 

Jubilee, Queen's, celebration of, 177. 

Kane, John A., lieutenant, 143 ; captain, 147; 
retires, 171. 

Kent, Duchess of, death of, 102. 

Kent, Duke of, visits St. John, 16 ; com- 
mander-in-chief, 18 ; address from city of 
St. John, 18. 

Kerr, John, lieutenant, gunnery of, 137 ; 
raises a battery, 138 ; captain, 143 ; battery 
becomes non-effective, 147. 

King, John, captain, death of, 147. 

King, Wm. A., lieutenant, 150; bravery at St. 
John fire, 156 ; paymaster, 231 ; retires, i71. 

Kxpg's New Brunswick regiment raised, 3. 

Kingston, William J., lieutenant, 240. 



Kinnear, Geo. 1^., captain, 247. 
Kirk, James, lieutenant, 85 ; retires, 124. 
Knight, R. N, lieutenant, 86 ; retires, 121. 
Knox, F. I^., lieutenant, 86; captain, 121 ; out 
of service, 124. 

I^amb, Walter, gunner, injured at fire, rescue 

of, 157. 
I,aiider, Thos. W., lieutenant, 150 ; captain, 

raises battery, 160 ; retires, 171 ; presenta- 
tion to, 172. 
lyangan, C. F., lieutenant, 171 ; instructor, 

171; captain, 240; adjutant, 232; retired 

with rank, 232, 
Lansdowne cup, won, 179, 216, 218. 
I^ansdowne, Frank G. W., sergeant, 84 ; 

lieutenant, 85 ; in Peters' battery, 107 ; 

lieutenant, 126. 
Law, Militia, 4, 78, 119. 
Lectures, 135. 

Letson, F. J., lieutenant, 136. 
Leonard, Robert J., lieutenant, 85. 
Linde, F. R., sergeant, 100. 
lyisgar, visit of Lord, 144, 146. 
Lock's, Major, battery R. A. at St. John, 65. 
Lockhart, W. A., treasurer Peters' battery, 

114; sergeant, 114; sergeant-major, 115; 

quartermaster, 125, 140, 143 ; retires, 149 ; 

mayor of St. John, 126. 
Lome, Marquis of, visit of, 161. 
Loyalists, landing of, 1 ; fall fleet, 2; jubilee, 

44 ; 60th anniversar)', 66 ; 66th anniversary, 

75 , 70th anniversary, 77 ; centennial, 165 ; 

participation of artillery in celebration,166. 
Luard, Major-General, inspects, 164. 

MacLaren, J. S., assists at concert, 210. 

Madigan, Michael, leader of band, 192. 

Markham, Major, commandant Bisley team, 
serenade to, 218. 

Marshall, John R., recollections of, 40, 87 ; 
lieutenant, 83 ; captain, 85 : authority dur- 
ing fire, 158. 

Martello Tower, history of, 202 ; poem, 203. 

Maunsell, Lieutenant-Colonel Geo. J., adjut- 
ant general of N. B., 129 ; transferred, 163 ; 
return of, 168. 

Maxwell, J., lieutenant, 48, 84. 

Mayes, G. S., assists at concert, 209. 

Meating, Joseph, lieutenant, 142. 

Mechanics' Institute, opening of, 65. 

Mein, Lieutenant-Colonel 74th regiment, 37. 

Melick, Charles J., lieutenant, 43, 48, 87; 
sketch of, 51 ; captain, 65, 83 ; major, 85, 
140, 143 : retires, 146. 

Melick, James G., sergeant, 40; exhibits 
model of steam engine, 65 ; lieutenant, 86 ; 
captain, 101 ; retired with rank, 101. 

Messinett, Lieutenant John, 41. 

Middleton, Major-General, inspection by,168. 

Militia Bill, debate on, 77. 

Militia Law, 4. 78, 119 ; enrolment under, 121. 

Militia Records, 40, 139, 

Militia System, decadence of old, 63. 

Milledge, Lewis D., lieutenant, 242, 



INDEX. 



57 



Milliken, Benjamin, lieutenant, 246, 

Minchin, Captain Geo. F., 38 ; major, 42. 

Mitchell, Alexander, lieutenant, 97. 

Montizambert, Lientenant-Colonel, inspects, 
184, 218. 

Montreal challenge cup, 178. 

Moore, James, lieutenant, 248. 

Moore, Thos. B., captain, 247. 

Morehouse, John, bombardier Peters' bat- 
ter5\ 115. 

Morgan, W., wins prize, 123. 

Morris, Walter B., lieutenant, 130. 

Morse, Lieutenant-Colonel, report on forts, 
199. 

Mount, James, work of, 84 ; major, 136, 140, 
143 ; retires, 146. 

Mowatt, Captain John, 41, 63, 

Muir, Captain James, 41. 

Murray, Christopher, lieutenant, 126 ; cap- 
tain, 130 ; battery disbanded, J 38. 

Murray, J., gunner, killed by accident, 149. 

Murray, Major, commanding King's N. B. 
regiment, 6. 

Muster daj'S, 73. 



McAfee, Wm,, wins medal, 129. 
McCarthy, Alderman Patrick, poem by, 203. 
McColgan, William H., lieutenant, 244. 
McCordock, .Sergeant Wm, J., 100 ; lieuten- 
ant, 121. 
McCormack, Joseph, lieutenant, 251. 
McFrederick, lyangford, gunner, death of, 

218. 
McGee, Captain Charles, raises battery at St. 

George, 142. 
Mclntyre, Samuel, gunner, death of, 150. 
Mcjunkin, R., gunner, bravery of, 157. 
McKinney, James, lieutenant, 244. 
McLachlan, Thos. M., lieutenant, 86; captain, 

126 ; company disbanded, 129. 
McLauchlan, John, captain, raises compsny, 

86 ; company's presentation to instructor, 

100 ; retires, 126. 
McLeod, Donald, lieutenant, 43, 47. 
McLeod, George K,, lieutenant, 172 ; captain, 

180 ; adjutant, 208. 
McNair, Major 52nd regiment, 38. 
McNichol, Jas., lieutenant, 136. 



Naish, Isaac, lieutenant, 97. 
Name of corps, 47, 208, 219. 
Napier, Sergeant, wins medal, 138. 
Nicholson, Thos. L., raises battery, 43,49 

sketch of, 52 ; major, 64 ; death of, 75. 
Nile, battle of the, news at St. John, 21. 
'Nippers, The,' picture of, 115. 



Odell, Geo, M., lieutenant, 43, 47. 
Odell, Thos. T., lieutenant, 130. 
Officers, battery, 1838, 47 ; 1885, 172. 
Ogden, Henry, lieutenant, 247. 
Ogden, Thotn^s, lieutenant, 247. 
Orange celebration, force called out, 151. 



Osburn, Henry, captain, raises battery, 130 ; 

called out, 132. 
Oswald, Lieutenant-Colonel, commands 

Shoeburyness team, 164. 



Paisley, Thos., lieutenant, 83. 

Pallen, Gunner, wins Prince of Wales' cup 

and medal, 145. 
Palmer, Charles, lieutenant, 247. 
Paris, treaty of, 54. 
Parsons. Elijah, lieutenant, 86. 
Penfold, M. J., bandmaster, 193. 
Perley, Moses H,, death of, 115. 
Perley, Thos, E,, lieutenant, 250. 
Perley, W. Colebrooke, bombardier in Peters' 

battery, 115 ; corporal, 115, 125, 
Peters, B. Lester, battery of, 101, 106 ; muster 

rolls, 109; meetings, 114, 125; disbandraent, 

116; death of, 217. 
Peters, E, B„ quartermaster, 47, 64, 83 ; lieu- 
tenant, 48. 
Peters, Geo. C, lieutenant, 124. 
Peters, Hurd, captain, company of, 85 ; 

lecture by, lOOi retires, 124. 
Peters, Martin Amter, lieutenant, 103 ; cap- 
tain, 121 ; califs out, 131 ; major, 146; in 

temporary command of corps, 167 ; retires, 

170 ; death of, 176. 
Peters, R. Brooks, secretary, 115. 
Peters, Thomas W., entertains corps at drill 

shed, 184 ; presents colors to St. Paul's 

church, 215. 
Pick, Edward, adjutant, 47. 
Pick, Geo, H., lieutenant, 84 ; captain, 85 ; 

called out, 131 ; major, 146 ; retires, 168. 
Pine, Geo. J., gift to corps, 162. 
Polleys, Captain, commended in report, 159, 

160 ; battery aids civil power, 162, 
Pollok, John, lieutenant, 43, 49. 
Portland battery, muster roll of, 127. 
Potter, James, captain, 33, 34, 36. 
Poulden, Captain, R. A., at Fredericton, 73, 
Pratt, Sergeant, A. K., on Shoeburyness 

team, 173, 
Prevost, Sir George, orders march of 104th 

regiment, 27. 
Price-Lewes, Lieutenant-Colonel, inspector 

of artillery, 162 ; resigns, 164. 
Prince Alfred, visit or, 101 ; salute to, 101 ; 

reprimand for salute, 102. 
Prince Arthur, visit of, 145. 
Prince Edward, see Duke of Kent. 
Prince of Wales, birth of, 65 ; visit of, 91 ; 

companies called out, 94 ; at Fredericton, 

93, 94; company called by his title^ 93; 

general orders upon visit, 95; cup, winners 

of, 123, 145, 
Princess Louise, visit of, 161, 
Provincial corps raised, 3, 



Queen's coronation, 53. 
Queen's jubilee, 177. 

Quinton, James, lieutenant, 97 ; transferred, 
124. 



258 ■ 



INDEX. 



Raid, Fenian, 1866, 131 ; general order upon, 
135. 

Railway, contract signed, salute upon, 77. 

Rankin, Alexander, lieutenaiit, oo ; retires, 
124. 

Rankine, Alexander, lieutenant, 97; captain, 
101. 

Ranney, Wm. Parker, raises batte y, 43, 48 ; 
sketch of, 51 ; resigns, 64. 

Raymond, W. O., lieutenant, 250. 

Rebellion, North West, 171 ; services of corps 
offered, 171 ; services of Captain Harrison 
and Corporal Richardson, 172 : medals pre- 
sented, 175. 

Rebellion, Papineau's, 46, 49. 

Red Head, fort at, 206. 

Reed, Chas. R., bombardier in Peters' bat- 
tery, 115. 

Reed, Robert, captain Independent Volun- 
teers, 5. 

Reed, Robert, private in Nicholson company, 
43 ; lieutenant, 73, 83 , hospitality to Prin- 
cess I^ouise, 161 ; death of, 211. 

Regiment, formation of, 46 ; officers, 46, 47 : 
change to brigade, 1869, 140; officers of, 
143 ; change to battalion, 208 ; to regplment 
again, 219 ; officers, 1893, 207. 

Regiment, the 104th, raised, 27, 

Reign of Terror, 2. 

Richardson, Corporal Thomas, services in 
North West, 172, 190 , presentation to, 190 ; 
medal presented, 175. 

Right of Search, 24. 

Ring, G. Fred., A. D. C, 149. 

Ring, J. Alfred, captain, 146 ; commended in 
report, 159 ; retires, 171. 

Ring, B. T., lieutenant. 240. 

Ritchie, R. R., lieutenant, 172. 

Robertson, James, F., sergeant, 84, 114 ; lieu- 
tenant, 136, 

Robertson, Robert, lieutenant, 43, 48 ; sketch 
of. 51 ; captain, 65. 

Rodgers, Joseph, lieutenant, 247. 

Rogers, Robert, lieutenant, 247. 

Rogers, lyieutenant William, 85. 

Rose, John H. lieutenant, 252. 

Rose, Captain Wm. T., 41, 42, 48, 84 : retires 
as major, 134. 

Ross, William, lieutenant; 43, 49. 

Roxborough, Wm., lieutenant, 245. 

Saunders, I^ieutenant-Colonel, A. D. C, 149. 

vScaramell, F- J., lieutenant, 173; captain, 
174. 

vScott, Thos., lieutenant, 150. 

Scovil, F. W, B., lieutenant, 214. 

Search, right of, 24. 

Seely, J. Fred., bombardier in Peters' bat- 
tery, 115 ; corporal, 115. 

Seely, Geo. B., captain, 171, 172; major 180; 
death of, 182. 

Senhouse, H. F., asks for sleds to send sailors 
overland, 28. 

Sergeant-Major, the, 186. 

Sham fights, 44, 60. 



Shannon, Geo. J., lieutenant, retired, 126. 

Sherbrooke, Sir John, forwards materiel to 
St. John, 27. 

Shoeburyness, first team sent to, 164 ; second 
team, Lieutenant-Colonel Armstrong ap- 
pointed to command of, 173 ; success m 
competitions, 174. 

Shore, John Saunders, lieutenant, 43 ; cap- 
tain, 43, 47 ; sketch of, 50. 

Shore, Colonel George, death of, 76. 

Shore, Wm. H., lieutenant, 248. 

Simonds, Charles, lieutenant, 43, 49. 

Simonds, John, lieutenant, 122; captain, 124; 
retires, 126. 

Simonds, Richard, raises company, 85, 99. 

Simpson, Fdward, lieutenant, 249. 

Sketches of original members Colville com- 
pany, 9 to 15. 

Skillen, Wm., lievitenant, 85. 

Skinner, S. A. M., lieutenant, 214. 

Smith, D. G., lieutenant, supply officer, 150. 

Smith, Francis, lieutenant, 85. 

Smith, George F.. bombardier in Peters' 
battery, 110. 115 ; appointed paymaster, 171; 
death, 212. 

Smith, John R., lieutenant, 130. 

Smith, Stephen, assistant surgeon, 140, 229 ; 
transferred to Woodstock field battery, 153. 

Sneden, Robert R., lieutenant, 84 ; in Peters' 
battery, 107. 

' Southern ' battery, 205. 

Sports, Barrack square, '886, 174. 

Stackhouse, Geo. J., lieutenant, 85. 

St. Andrews, artillery at, 41. 

Stanley of Preston, I,,ord, governor-general, 
visit of, 183. 

Steel, R., gunner, killed by accident, 149. 

Steeves, J. A. E,, captain, 207. 

Stephens, EHsha, lieutenant, 247. 

Steven, W. A. D., lieutenant, 244. 

Stevens, W. H. lieutenant, 252. 

Stevenson, Thos. D., lieutenant, 252. 

Stewart, C. C.„ captain, 83. 

Stewart, Robert A., lieutenant, 142. 

Stiles, Solomon, lieutenant, 247. 

Stoop, Francis G., lieutenant, 249. 

Strange, Lieutenant-Colonel, report of, 153, 
160, 

Stratton, John M., lieutenant, 124 ; death of 
124. 

Street, Geo. F., major, 47 ; sketch of, .50 ; 
death of, 85. 

Street, W. W., lieutenant, 126. 

St. Stephen, artillery at, 41. 

Studholm, Major, Guilford, at Fort Howe, 
199. 

Sullivan, corporal, wins prize for attendance, 
181. 

Sussex, camp at, 1881, 164. 

Sweet, Robert, lieutenant, 83. 

Taylor, John M., lieutenant, retires, 126. 
Temple, F. L,., lieutenant, 207 ; captain, 219. 
Thomas. George F„ lieutenant, 84; in Peters' 
battery, 107. 



INDEX 



259 



Thompson, Geo. F., recollections of, 44, 59, 

88 ; lieutenant, 85. 
Thompson, Rt. Hon. C. P., governor, 63. 
Thomson. S. R., captain, 122; organizes 

batter>', 130. 
Till, George, lieutenant, 150. 
Tille\% H. C. lieutenant, 207. 
Tilley, Lieut. -Governor, Sir .S. L., salute on 

appointment of, 149; opens exhibition, 163, 
Tipperarv-, Fort, 207. 
Toldervv", Dr. J., Surgeon, 47, 83. 
Tourmaline, H. M. S., visits of, 181, 184, 
Travis, J. Warren, captain, company of, 86 ; 

transferred, 121. 
Trench. Ivieutenant-Colonel commanding 

74th, 20fJ. 
Trent affair, 117 ; services of artillery, 118. 
Trooping the colors, 177, 18i. 
Tuites', Captain, batterv^ R, A., at St. John, 

65, 
Turnbull, F, H., Lieutenant, 173, 

Underbill, Jacob, D., lieutenant, 126; adjut- 
ant, l;^, 140; commended in report, 159; 
offers batteries for service abroad, 160 ; re- 
tires, 168. 

Vaughan, Wm,, lieutenant, 252. 
Volunteer system, new, inception of, 81; com- 
panies accepted, 82. 

Wallace, Matthew^, lieutenant, 150. 

Walling. Staff-Sergeant, instructs in shift- 
ing, 167. 

Wallop, Newton Ward, lieutenant, 44, 48, 51. 

War, probability of European, 159 ; report of 
D. A. G., 160. 

War with France, 1793, 3. 

War with U, S. A., 1812, 25 ; ended, 1814, 31. 

Ward, John, second lieutenant, 4 ; brief 
sketch of, 9 ; alderman, 19 ; as major, in 



correspondence, 33 ; issues order. 34 ; ad- 
dress to, 67 ; reply, 68 ; life of, 70 ; death, 

71. 
Ward, Caleb, lieutenant, 33, 34. 
Ward, Clarence, assistance of, 29. 
Waterbury, David, second lieutenant, 22 ; 

mentioned in correspondence, 33 ; first 

lieutenant, 34 ; captain, 34 ; sketch of, 36. 
Waterbury, John C, private as John jr., 22; 

captain," 36 ; retirement and death, 39. 
Waterbury, George, second lieutenant, 36 ; 

lieutena'nt, 48 ; retired with rank, 49 : 

sketch of, 51. 
Watts, Edward D., lieutenant, 86. 
Westmoreland county, artillery in, 42. 
Wetmore, Abraham K. S., lieutenant, 42; 

captain, 43, 48, 83, 99 ; retires, 123. 
Wetmore, A. D., lieutenant, 207. 
Wetmore, Edwin J, lieutenant, 85; called 

out, 131. 
Wetmore, Lieutenant-Colonel, maintains 

Bolton's company, 138. 
White, J. M., bandmaster, 193. 
White, Walter W., lieutenant, 207 ; captain, 

214 ; adjutant, 218. 
Whitlock, lieutenant Wm.. 41, 48, 249. 
Wiggins, Fred A , lieutenant, 44, 48 ; sketch 

of, 51 ; paymaster, 76, 83 ; retires, 136. 
Williams, Charles H., bandmaster, 193. 
Williams, Gen. Sir F, W., suggests scheme of 

defence, 81 ; visit to St. John, 130. 
Willis, Major Cuthbert, commandant at St. 

Andrews, 132. 
Wilson, Captain Thos, B., A. D. C, 74. 
Winslow, John C, lieutenant, 250 
Woodstock battery, becomes field, 150, 
Wright. Wm., captain, 83. 

York county, artillery in, 42, 
Young, Sir John (Lord Lisgar), visit of, 144, 
146, 



Erratum. — Page 2<X), line 8 from top, for ^French' read ' Trench,^ 



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