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F NEWARK. Looking Southwest. 

j^c kr^ovVled ginei^ts. 

Photographs for this work by L. Schill, J. Rennie 
Smith, A. Valentine and Teush. 

Engravings, with a few exceptions, by Photo- 
Engraving Co., Moss Engraving Co. and Hagopian 
Photo-Engraving Co., of New York. 

The historical part of the work was written by 
Samuel J. Macdon.^ld, and the compositions on manu- 
facturing industries by M. H. C. Vail. 

The ink used is " Fine Wood Cut," manufactured by 
Frederick H. Levev Co., 59 Beekman Street, New 

York. , , 

The paper is loo lb. "Woodcut," made expressly for 
the book by M. Plummer & Co., New York. 
Design for cover by A. Schlueter & Co. 
Composition and presswork by Wm. A. Baker. 
Binding by F. Enderlin & Son. 



A Souvenir of the City and its Numerous Industries. 









NEWARK, N. J., n^ / 9 ^ 



Board of Trade of the City of Newark 










A. B. TwiTCHELi,, James A, Cue, J.\mes S Hu;i;nc, S. J. Meekek,\-M A. Ure, Rii.i'.y W. Bumi, Geoki^e W. WiEnKNM.wEU, 

R, G, Salomon, A. E. Selioer. 



Ariut RATION — Franklin Murphy, Ben- 
jamin Atha, Joseph Coult, Samuel C. 
Howell, James W. Miller. 

Trade and MANrFAcriREs — E. L. Phil- 
lips, George B. Jenkinson, Jr., Thomas 
B. Hagstoz, Louis Plaut, Frank Kellogg, 
G. Willis Peters, Samuel Froelich, 
Franklin Conklin, Charles Joy. 

TRANsroRTATioN AND Rau.roads — John 
L. Armitage, Edward Balbach, D. T. 
Campbell, R. Wayne Parker, C. Feigen- 
span, E. G. Heller, Henry Merz, C. T. 
Williamson, George Brown, J. Miller 
Roe, George E. Halsey. 

River and Navigation — A. B. Twitch- 
ell, John H. Ballantine, Joel W Hatt, 

George B. Swain, James S. Higbie, L. 
L. Carlisle, Walter Tomkins, Edward 
Balbach, Viner J. Hedden. 

Internal I.mprovemeni s — L. Spencer 
Goble, George B. Jenkinson, Franklin 
Murphy, Edward Schickhaus, Edward 
O. ICeasbey, O. C. Woolson, Hugh 
Smith, Robt. F. Maier, John L. Meeker. 

Lecislation — Elias S Ward, Joseph 
Coult, Gottfried Krueger. M. T. Barrett, 
Cyrus Peck, P. T. Ouinn, A. F. R. Mar- 
tin, C. S. Stockton, Harrison VanDuyne, 
A. A. Smalley. 


Frelinohuysen Monument (appointed 
to secure the erection of a suitable monu- 
ment to the memorj' of the late F. T. 

Frelinghuysen) — Theodore Runyon, An- 
thony O. Keasbey, John F. Dryden, 
George S. Duryee, John A. Gifford, 
Thomas T. Kinney, J. Frank Fort, 
Eugene Vanderpool, R Wayne Parker, 
Robert F. Ballantine, George A. Halse)\ 
Franklin Murphj', Edw. Kanouse, Ed- 
ward Balbach. 

Fire Limits and Building Laws — Wm . 
A. Ure, James S. Higbie, R. P. Conlon. 
George A. Hall, C. L. Whitfield, Wilbur 
A. Molt, Edward Heyden. 

PuiiLic Park Question — Cyrus Peck, 
Stephen J. Meeker, Elias S. Ward, A. 
O. Keasbey, A. B. Twitchell, S. S. Sar- 
gcant, Thomas S. Henry, James E. 
Fleming, Edward Schickhaus, G. W. 


Aiha, U. H. 
Arbuckle, James N. 
Armitaffe, John L. 
Atha, Benjamin 
Atwater, Samuel 
Ballantine, Robert F. 
Ballantine, John H. 
Ball, James T. 
Balbach, Edward 
Barrett, Michael T. 
Barnard, L. R. 
Bailey, Henry E. 
Banister, James A. 
Bond, Riley W. 
Bowers, James 
Brown, George 
Buerman, August 
Buchanan, Paul 
Beck, Theodore E. 
Brown, Gilbert C. 
Bonnul, Charles I. 
Brientnall, J. H. H. 
Bippart. Achille 
Butterworth, James 
Colycr, Joseph 
Colyer, John 
Conklin, Edward L. 
Conklin, Franklin 
Curtis. William H. 
Campbell, D T. 
CarhufF, Ellis R. 
Carlisle, Lewis L. 
Cl^irk. William 
Clark. William Campbell 
Clark, J. William 
Chapman, Herbert W. 
Carrington. Edward M. 
Conk, George W. 
Colton, Charles A. 
Cory, James M. 
Coe! James A. 
Coc. Theudoi f 
Compton, Charles W. 
Contrell, lolm P. 
Conlon, Redmond P. 
Coult, Joseph 
Crcssy, Thomas 

Crane, Edward N. 
Davis, yimon 
Doreinus, Elias O. 
Doremus, H. M. 
Doremus, Wilbur 
Doolittle, Henry N. 
Drake, Elkanah 
Dryden, John F. 
Durvee, George S. 
Durand, Wickliffc B. 
Dieffenbach, R. G. P. 
Davidson, John 
Dunn, Edward 
Eberhardt, H. E. 
Eagles, Alexander 
Farmer, W^illiani C. 
Fearey, Frederick T. 
Feigenspan, C. 
Fleming, James E. 
Fort, J. Frank 
Froelich, Samuel 
Gordon, William E. 
Gilmour. L. D. H. 
Gray, George R. 
Greenfield, William G. 
Gifford, John A . 
Goble, L. Spencer 
Gray, Theodore 
Griffith, T. W. 
Halsey. George A. 
Halsey, George Everett 
Halsey, Silas C. 
Hall, George A. 
Harris, F H. 
Hays, James L. 
Haiick, Peter 
Henslcr, Joseph 
Hedden, Viner J. 
Heller, E. G. 
Heinish, Rochus 
Henry, Thomas S. 
Holbrook, A. P. 
Horn, Theodore 
Hopper, B W. 
Hinvell, Samuel C. 
Howell, N. P. 

Higbie, James S. 
Hill. Charles E. 
Hyatt. John W. 
Hagstoz, Thomas B. 
Hatt. J. AV. 
Heyden, Edward 
Higginson. George 
Hill, William 
Hodge. James 
Hartshorn, E. F. 
lUingsworth, John 
111, Dr. Edward J. 
Jelliff, John 
Jenkinson, George B. 
Jenkinson. G. B. Jr. 
Jepson, H. E. 
Jov, E. Luther 
Jube, John P. 
Johnson, Theodore F 
Jacobi, A. W. 
Joy, Charles 
Jost, Edmund 
Kirk, William H. 
Kinney, Thomas T. 
Kinsev, Moses 
Krueger, Gottfried 
Kalisch, Samuel 
Kisling. E. J. 
Kuser. John L. 
Kanouse. Edward 
Keasbey, A. Q. 
Keasbev, Edward Q. 
Kellner; William H. 
Klotz, Samuel 
Kellugg, Frank 
Keer, Frederick 
Lawrenz. Dr. Charles 
Larter. Frederick H. 
Lehman, Charles A. 
Lowy, Philip 
Lelong, Louis 
Lebkeucher, J. A. 
Lindsley, J. H. 
Linihan, William J. 
Matthews, Charles B. 
Miller, Francis L. 

Meeker. John L. 
Maedonald, Samuel J. 
Michael, Oscar 
Merz, Henry 
Mott, Wilbur A. 
Martin, A. F. R. 
Jlaicr, Robert F. 
Mayo, Benjamin J. 
Meeker, StepliL-n J. 
Miller, James W. 
Milne, Alex. 
Mullin, Michael A. 
Murphy, Franklin 
Mundv, Henrv H. 
Olds, Franklin M. 
Ogden, William W. 
Parker, Cortlandt 
Parker, R. Wayne 
Parker, Robert M. 
Palmer, Theodore G, 
Phillips, Edward L. 
Plum, Stephen H. 
Peck, Cyrus 
Palmer,' Arthur W. 
Plaut, Louis 
Peters, G. Willis 
Quinn, P. T. 
Raymond, (Jeorge B. 
Regan, Thomas J. 
Reillv, Patrick 
Reilly, James E. 
Richardson, Christopher 
Roberts, Chri.stopher 
Ross, P. Sanford 
Romer, C. W. A. 
Runyon, Theodore 
Riker, Chandler W'. 
Roemer, William 
Rothschild. Abram 
Roe, J. Miller 
Reeve, George W., Jr. 
Sargeant, S. 8. 
Say re, James R., Jr. 
SaionKm, R. G. 
Schickhaus, Edward 
Scheuer, Simon 

Selhv, William 
Seitz. Cai-1 F. 
Schwerin. Morris 
Schuetz, Frederick A. 
Seliger, Alfred E. 
Smallev Andew A. 
Smith, E. Fayette 
Stumpf, Jacob L. 
Schultz, Herman 
Smith, Hugh 
Smith. William Mackin 
Southard, Dr. Lott 
Stapff, Julius 
Stobaeus, Jhon B. 
Stockton, C. S. 
Sutpheft. C. Edgar 
Smith, George L. 
Salomon, W. J. 
Swain, George B. 
Titus, William 
Tompkins, William L. 
Tomkins, Walter 
Thomas, Lemuel 
Twitchell, A. B. 
Unger. Herman 
Cre. William A. 
Vanderpool, Eugene 
Van WMnkle. Abram 
Vandeveer, J. Warren 
Van Duyne, Harrison 
Van Horn, Amos H. 
Voigt, Beda 
Ward, Elias S. 
Ward, Dr. Leslie D. 
Weston Edward 
Weidenmayer, Geo. W. 
Wilkinson, Frank A. 
Walsh, John 
Wilkinson, (ieorge 
W'hitfield, Charles L. 
W^;.olson, O. C. 
Wheeler, Charles W. 
Williamson, C. T. 
Williams, George A. 
Wi-htman, D. C 
White, Nathaniel H. 



II IC desii^ner, m the- prnjection nt this work, had in view a volume which 
should j^jive the country, at an important time in its industrial affairs, some 
idea of the relation which Newark bears to the manufactiinng world. 
The Columbian World's Fair was then being actively canvassed, and it 
was thought essential that the volume should be in time for that 
important industrial event. A Newark mechanic himself, he felt a 
personal pride in designing and producing something that would bear 
inspection and warrant approval. How well he has succeeded must be 
left to the judgment of the manufacturers of Newark, and those allied 
with her industries. In the prosecution of the work there have been 
impediments not within the control of the designer, and there were vexatious delays 
which were unavoidable. That the project has been carried to completion must be 
credited to the generosity of the business men of Newark, without whose material assist- 
ance the work could not have been finished. 

The work presents a clear and complete view of the City of Newark, as it e.\ists 
to-day, in all Its vast and varied interests and industries. A brief historical sketch of the 
city is given, and an account of the humble origin and surpassing growth of the manu- 
facturing industries which have made the city great, wealthy and famous ; but the chief 
purpose of the work is to reverse the ordinary methods of history, and dwell more largely 
upon the Present, with its powers and possibilities, than upon the dim and meager 
details of the Past. From this view of the Present may be gathered, it is believed, some 
slight idea of the vastness and the glory of the Future. 




OF MaNI'- 

Historical ; Gkowti 

factories, - - - 9- 

TnE City of Newark To-Day, 24 
County Institutions & Offices, 44 
United States Offices, - - si- 

Educational Institutions, - 55- 

Churches, Hospitals, Etc., - GG- 77 
Industries and Miscellany, - S3-2S0 



Title Page, - - - i 

Board of Trade, - - - 2 

Table of Contents, 
National, State and City Govern- 
ment, 1S93, 




The Early Pioneers, 

Governor Carteret and the In- 
dian Deed, 

List of the Inhabitanis from 

Designating the New Town 

Newark in the Early War Times, 

Political Incidents, 

The Revised Charter, and Divis 
sion by Wards, 

The Church History of the Town, 

The College of New Jer.sey, 

Rise and Growth of Manufactures 
in Newark, 

The City Government. 


The Mayor and Common Council, 

The Aldermen in 1S92, 

Various Boards, Commissioners, 
etc., and heads of City De- 

Court Officers, 

Bridges, over the Passaic, 

Board of Health, - 

Police Department, 

Fire Department, 

County Offices. 

Judges, Sheriff, Clerk, Prosecutor, 
Surrogate, Register and Au- 
ditor, - - - 44- 

Board of Freeholders, and Asy- 
lum for the Insane, - - 47- 

1 1 






United States Offices. 

Internal Revenue Department, 
Post Office. 






Public School Commissioners, 
Newark Technical School, 
Lafayette Street School, 
Newark Academy, 
St. Benedict's College, 
St. Vincent's Academy, 
St. Mary's Academy, 
Newark Business College, 
New Jersey Business College, 
Coleman National Business Col- 
Eighteenth Avenue School, 
St. John's School, 
St. James' School, - 




Churches, Hospitals and Char- 
itable Institutions. 

Franklin Street M. E. Church, - 72 

First Presbyterian Church, - iS-19 

Park Presbyterian Church, - 66-67 

St. James' R. C. Church. - 70-71 

St. John's R. C. Church, - - 68-69 

Charitable Institutions, - - 73-77 

City Hospital, - - - 27, 75 

St. James' Hospital, - - 71 

St. Barnabas Hospital, - - 74 

St. Michael's Hospital, - - 7,1 

German Hospital, - - 75 
Krueger Pioneer Home, for Aged 

Men, - - - - 76 

industrial, etc. 



Bag Fr;imes, 


Boiler Makers, 

Boot and Shoe Manufacturers, 

Brass Foundries, 

Britannia Ware, 

Brush Making, - 175, 

Breweries, - 


Button Hooks, 



Carriage and Wagon Springs, 

Carriage and Wagon Wheels, 

Coal and Wood, 

Chemical Works, - 




176, 19S 
I go, 207 









Electrical Appliances. 
Electric Cars, 


1 1 i-i 14 

E.xpress Companies 
Electric Fixtures, 
Electric Lighting, - 
Embroidering, - 





- 13S 



File JIanufacturers, - 15S-159 

Fancy Goods and Noveltv Manu- 
facturers, - - 170, 193 


Gas Companies, 
Gas Fixtures, - 
Grey Iron Castings, 

Harness Manufacturers, 
Hat Manufacturers. 
Hat Blocks, 
Horse Collars, 

Insurance, Life, 
Iron Foundries, 
Iron, Malleable and Grey, 







Oil Cloth Manufacturers, 

1 • 

Painting, - 




Photo Engraving, 

Platinum Refining. 



Railways, Electrical 
Rivets, - 
Real Estate, 









Leather Manufacturers, - 

Lead Pipe, 

Letter lS: Document Files, 


- S3-102 


Machinery, etc.. 
Mechanical Engineer, - 





















Saddlery Hardware-. 

i68, 171 

Saw Making. 


Sewing Machines. 


Shade Rollers, 


Shears and Scissors, 








Smelting and Refining. 


Sportsmen's Goods. 
Steel Works, 

Stone Works, - 201- 

Steam Gauge, Movements and 


Trunks and Bags. - 212 

I : 

Ultramarine Blue, 

Undertakers, - - 255 






Wagon Builders, 
Watch Cases and Material, 
Wood Working, - iSo, 

Window Shades. 


Zinc and Iron Works, 



IS6, 222 



26 1 


LIST 01 

1 I.I.I 


Alsdorf & Co. . 

Alvin ilanufacturing C" 

Asylum for the Insane, 

Atha & Hughes, 

Atlantic Window Shade Co . 

Baker & Co., - 
Baldwin Homestead, 
Baldwin, Jos. , cV Co. . 
Banister Co. , James A. 1 

Barnett. Oscar. 
Bea, John, - 
Benfield, Thomas. 
Bippart & Co., 
Blackwood A: Coykendall, 
Blanchard. Bro. \- I.ane, 
Boyden"s Iron Foundry-, 1826, 
Boyden's Statue, - - - 

Boyden's Locomotive, built 1S3.S, 
Broad street. North from Market, 
Broad street. South from Market, 
Broad street, looking North. 
Browe & Son, Wni.. - 
Brown's Shipyard, 
Brown & Co., George, 
Burrouijhs, Charles, 


Carter, Sloan & Co. , - 
Cashion & Flynn, - 
Central Stamping Co . 
Chapin Hall Lumber Crj 1 

Chajjuian. Herbert W.. 
Citizen's Gas Light Co. , - 2 

City Hall, - - 

City Home, 
City Hospital, - 
Clayton & Hoff Co., - 
Clawson, H. T., - 
Clinton Avenue and High Street, 
Cody, David. 
Coleman National Business Col- 
lege, ... 
Compton, Charles W.. 
Conroy & Wey ranch. 
Court House, 
Cooper & Co., Charles, 
Crescent Watch Case Co., 
Cummings Bros., 
Currier & Sons, Cyrus 


Daily Advertiser, - 
Day & Clark, - 
Delaney & Son. 1).. 
Demerest & Co., N. J., 
Devlin, F. & H. J., 
Dixon & Co. , William - 

Dixon. Ldward I' 
Dixon A.- Rippel. 

;i"i\'.\'ri( )XS. 







1 10 










1 .88-189 

















Edge Co. . The W 
Fly iV Sanford, 
Engelberger & Barkhorn, 
Esse.x Engraving Works. 
Engine Company, No. 5. (Fire 

Eye and Ear Infirmary, 

Free Public Library. 

Fairmount Cemetery Entrance. 

Fairmount Cemetery View, 

Feigenspan, Christian 246- 

Finler, Frederick 


Foster Home 

Goertz & Co. , Aug. - - 170 

Gould & Eberhardt, - - 145 

(Jroupof Leatlier Manufacturers, S3 

I 1 

Hagopiaii l^liolii Kiigravmg Co., 270 

Harrisim, C. H. & J. D. - 86 

Hart.shorne, Stewart 192 

Hauck & Co., Peter - 245 

Havell, George - 241 

Heinisch's Sons Co. , 146 

Headley & Son, Wm. (). - 214 

Heller & Brothers, - - 15S-159 

Heller & Merz Co., The - - ifw 

Hensler Brewing Co., Joseph 243 

Herman & Co., J. F. - 1S2-183 

Howell &Co., T. P. - - 84 

Home for Aged. Little Sisters of 

the Poor, - - - 77 


Irvington Smelting and Refining 




Lentz Company. The A. - 



Lehigh A- Wilkesbarre Coal Co., 


Lincoln Park and Washington 



Lyon & Co.. L. J. 



1 1 '1 


' ~7 

Mahcr A- Flockhart, - 



Market street. West from Bro 



Mayer & Son M. - 



Mayors of Newark, (Past) 


Meeker Homestead, 


Meier, Joseph - 


Merchants Express Company, 



Mullen, M. A. - 



Munn, F. W. 




Muller & Schmidt, 



Mundy, Jos. S. 



Murray, C. C. 



Newark in i-i/i. 10 

Newark in 1S40, - - 11 

Newark Views, 17 

Newark Views, 277 

Newark Map, - 280 
Newark Bird's Eye View, (Inset) 

Newark Academy, - - 59 
Newark Blue Stone Co. , - 202-203 

Newark Business College, - 62 
Newark Electric Light and Power 



\v orKS, 



Jackson Awning Co., 


Johnston & Murphy, - 



Jones & Co., Phineas 



ost, Edmund 



\ oy & Seligcr, Co. , 



Krementz & Co, 



Krueger Brewing Co., The Gott- 



Krueger's Pioneer Home, 


Aged Men, 







Lefort, H. G. 



Lelong & Bro., Louis 


J31 t 

Newark Embroidery Works, - 210 

Newark Evening News, - 79 

Newark (ias Light Co., - 230-231 

Newark Rivet Works, - 141 

Newark Watch Case Material Co. 126-127 

New Jersey B-asiness College, 63 

New Jersey Zinc and Iron Co., - 142 

Neider & Co., John - - 102 

Nenninger, Oscar A. - - 132 

Nobs, Charles - - 125 


Ohl & Haefner, - - 147 

Ohl & Co., George A. - 223 

Old Settlers Monument, - 19 

Old Synagogue, - - - iii 

Oppel's Sons, Charles - 1S4 

Osborne Co. , C. S., - - 169 

Osborn Manufacturing Co. . J. K. 262 

Park Place and Military Park, - 12-13 

Pennsylvania avenue Residences, 234 

Penn. R. R., Market St. Station, 215-217 

Police Squad, First Precinct, 35 

Police Squad, Second Precinct, - 37 

Police Squad, Third Precinct, 38 

Post Office, - - - 53 

Powers & McGowan, - - 208 

Progress Club, - - - 271 

Prudential Insurance Co., - 227 



Ouimby &• C'l , W. Fred - 

Real Estate, A. J. Cless. 
Real Estate, John M. Pjiiniett, 
Reilly, John 
Reilly, James 
Reilly Bros. , - 
Residence of Elias G. Heller. 
Residence of John J. Heller, 
Residence of William Clark, 
Residence of Andrew Albright, 
Residence of A. Glutting, 
Residence of Alfred Lister, de- 
Residence of Richard E. Cogan, 
Residence of George A. Ohl, 
Residence of Charles Nobs, 
Residence of Charles \V. Comp- 

R. C. Boice Coal Co., 
Richardson Saw Works, 
Riley-Klotz Manufacturing Co 

Ripley & Sons, David 
Robertson &• Leber, 

Rosnagel Co., 
Rus.sell, C. M 








I So 

Sasnger Hall, - 
Salomon's, R. (!. 
Schaeffer, F. A. 
Scheller, George A. 
Schmidt & Son, 
Schmitt & Co., F. J. 
Schuetz,&- Son, Charles 
Siedenbach, M.- 
Simon & Bros., Edward 
Smith, Hugh 
Smith & Sons, L M. 
Springfield avenue. 
Star Heel Plate Co., - 
State Banking Company. 
Star & Co., W. L. 
Steam Yacht Duplex, 
Steffens & Co., A. T. 
Stone, Thomas and G. M. 
Strauss, Moses 














Toler, Sons &■ Co. 
Town Talk, 





Traud, Alexander - - 153 

Trier, Reuben - - 87 

Tucker Letter and Document F'ile 

Company, ■ - 191 


Ultramarine Blue Works, - 160 

United States Credit System Co. , 22S-229 


Washington Place and Washing- 
ton Park, - - - 51 
Washington Street and Park, 14 
Weston Electrical Instrument 

Co., - - - 111-114 

Weston's Private Labratory, - 112 
Weidenmayer's Newark City 

Brewery - - - 244 

Winters, C L, - - - no 

Witzel cV Co , H. P. - - 97 


Yates, Wharton & Co., - 179 


Zahn Leather Co., The William loo-ioi 

Zusi, Edward 



Alsdorf, E 
Astley, William C. 
Atwater, Samuel - 

Baker, Henry R. 
Baker, S. R. 
Baker, Wm. A. 
Baldwin, A. A. 
Baldwin, Joseph 
Banister, James A 
Barkhorn, Wm H. 
Barr, Thomas C. - 
Barrett, Michael T. - 
Bassett, Allen Lee 
Bein, E. J. 
Bell, John S. - 
Bertram, John J. - 
Bippart, A. 
Blanchard, Noah F. 
Boyden, Seth 
Brady, Rev. J. Boyd, 
Bradley, Daniel 
Brown, William H. 
Brown, George 

Cahill, Owen A. 
Cashion, Richard 
Cavanagh, Thomas l-". 
Chapman Herbert W. 
Christie, James 
Clark, A. Judson, Sr.. 
Clark, A. Judson, Jr , 
Clark, J. II. 
Clark, William A. 
Clark, Jacob 
Clark, Joseph 
Clawson, H. T. 
Clawsou, C. C. 
Clayton, C. C. 
Cody, Rev. P. 
Cogan, Richard E, 
Coleman, Henry 
Compton, Chas. W. 
Condit, H. C. 





















. 191 















Conroy, John F. - - 93 

Conklin, Edward L, - - 53 

Connolly, Arthur - - - 23O 

Contrell, John P. - - 56 

Corbitt, Michael - - - 39 

Corbitt, William - - 32 

Corish, Patrick H. - - 210 

Courleander. B. Jr., - - 217 

Coulter, W. F. - - - 263 

Crane, Elvin W. - 44 

Crane, S. O. - - - 192 

Craig. A, K. - - - 139 

Cummings, Bernard - - 96 

Cummings, John ■ - 96 

Cummings, James - - 96 

Currier, Cyrus, vSr., - - 143 

Currier, Osceola - - - 36 


Daly, Dr. J. J. - - 52 

Daly, William P. - - . - 39 

Dejong, Solomon ■ - 46 

Delaney, Daniel - - 161 

Delaney, John M. - - - 161 ' 

Demarest, N. J. - - 109 

Demarest, Daniel - - 109 

DeVausney, Marcus L.. - - 43 

Dill, Dr. D. M. - - 52 

Dilly, Henry - - -36 

Dixon, Edward - ■ 176, 19s 

Dixon, William - - - 175 

Dougherty, Henry J. - - 65 

Drake, Oliver - - - 172 

DuBois, J. A. - - - 267 

Duncker, Frederick N. - 253 

Dunn, Edward • - - 33 

Dusenberry, John B. - - 45 


Eastwood, Evan - - - 120 

Edge, William C. - ■ 119 

Egbert, William V. - - 210 

Ely. John II. - - - 34 

Euderlin, Fredinand - - 264 

Enderlin, Fredinand, Jr. - - 264 

'1 English, Dr. Thomas Dunn - 47 

1 Engelbergcr, Fred ■ - 1S7 

Faitoute, J. B. 
Farrand, S. A - 
Feigenspan, Christian 
Fiedler, William H. F 
Finter, Frederick 
Finter, Frederick - 
Finter, William F. 
Fleming, James E. 
Flockhart, James - 
Fly tin, Thomas 
Freeman, William H. 
French, Rev. J. Clemment 
Furman, John A. - 


Gallacher, Thomas 
Geissele, Hugo J. 
Gerth, Theodore J. 
Gleason. H. P. 
Gless, A. J. 
Glori, Charles - 
Goble, William li 
Goertz, August 
Grebe, Ferdinand 
Gwinnell, John M. 


Hagstoz, T. B. 
Hall, George A. - 
Harrison, J. D. 
Ilauck, Peter - 
Haussling, Jacob 
Havell, George 
Hayes, Howard W. 
Haynes, Mayor Jose])h E. 
Heath, John J. 
Heinkel, George 
Heller, EHas M. 
Heller, Frederick - 
Henderson, Joseph 
Hensler, Joseph 
Herman, J. F. 
Hine, Edwin W. 
Hines. A. R. 
Hinckley, Livingston S. 



1 86 












I S3 




Holbrook, Alexander V 
H<K)d, Charles. 
Hooper. Irvin (I. 
Hopper. B. \V. 
Hopper, Henrv 
Howell, T. I'. ' 
Huegel. John 
Hunkele. John 
Hunt. John O. 
Harrison, C. II 


Iffland, John 
111, Henrv, 

Jackson. J. Wesley 
Jamouneau. William II. 
Janes, Dr. John V.. 
Johnston, James 
Jost, Edmund 
Joy, Charles 


Kalisth, Abntr 
Kalisch, Leonard - 
Kaas, Adam 
Kellog, Frank 
Ketcham, Georj;e W 
Kierslead, Robert 
Kiunard, lhii.;h 
Kinney. T. T 
Kienle. A. 
Kleinhans. Jatoh 
Klemm. Henry C 
Klt>t7,. Samuel 
Kraemer. Dr. C. II. 
Krutt.sehnilt. Ci. A 
Kubler, Albert I 
Kruej;er, (iotlfried. 
Krueger, John F. 
Krueger, Gottfried C. 


Miller, Phillip - 


Milne, Alexander 


Moran, James - 

2 \ '■ 

Morrison, W. 


Morns. William F 


MuUer. Charles 


Mullin, Peter M. 


Mulvey, Martin. 


Mundy. Joseph S. 


Murray. C. C. 


I --4 







Lacey, Samuel P. 



Landmesser. Charles 


Large, George H. 



Larue. George H. 


Lawshe. Lewis 11 


Lawshe. Theodon 


Leary. Cornelius 



Lefort, Henry - 


Leibe, Henry L. 


Lenz. August - 


Linnett. Thomas. 


- 176 

Lister, Alfred 


Little. Henry M. 



Loeffler, Henry 



Long. Charles K. 


Lovecraft, F. A. 


Lowy, Philip 



Macknett, Morris 

). - 


Maher, lidward 


3<>. 155 

Mathews, Charles 

H. - 


Maxwell. C. W. 



Maver. M. 


Mayer. M. - 



Maybaum. L. 


McDonald, J. K. 


McCJlynn, Hugh 


McGregor, Austeii 



McGregor, John 



McKittrick. James 



McManus, Andre\ 



Meier. Joseph 


Merz. Henry 


Miller. C. T. 




Xadler. Dr. Henry G. 
Xeider. John 
Nichols. Thomas 
Xi.liv Charles &■ Sons 


1 1 I, Dunor. William 1". 
Ohl, George A. 
0|)i)cl, August T 
< )ppel. Berthold 
O'Rourke. William J 
Otis, William F. - 
Otto, John 

1 • 

Park. Charles 
Pell. Charles II. 
Pell.). Frank D. - 
Pemberton, Samuel II. 
Pfeil. Charles 
Philijipson. Julius. 
I'lumb, D. S. - 
Poels. Rev. J, P 
Pollock. Thomas II 
Powell. Joseph 
Price. Louis M. 
Prieth. Louis A 

( ) 

yuinn, P. T 

Rabenstein. George 
Rabone. William L. 
Reillv. James. 
Rcillv. John 
Reill'y. John K. 
Reilly. Thomas 
Ripley, David 
Richardson, W. S. 
Rittenhouse. Stacy P. 
Roden. Dr. Ilugh'p. 
Roder. Paul w! 
Rodrigo. John A 
Roth. Dr. Philli]. 
Roos, T. 
Rork, S E. 
Runyon. O E. 
Rutan. Mellville M 
Russell. Charles .M. 
Ryno. Watson 

Schaeffer. F. A. 
Schaeffer, II. P. 
Schalk. Herman 
Scheller, George A. 
Schickhaus, Edward 
Schmidt. Ferdinand 
Schmidt. Henry A. 
Schraitt, F. J. ' 
Schill, Otto K. 
Schlesinger. Louis 
Schlueter. Albert - 
Schuetz, Charles 
Schuetz, Frederick A 
Seliger. Alfred E. 
Silverberg, Isaac L. 
Sippel, August A. 




l< < • 








12 I 






1 iS 

Smalley, Andrew A. 
Smith Harry W. - 
Smith, James R. 
Smith. J. Rennie - 
-Smith, James T. 
Smith, Samuel A. - 
Smith, Thomas - 
Smith, Hugh - 
Smith, L. M. \- Sons 
Sommer, J. L. 
Stappf. Julius 
Steadman, Albert 
Stoliaeus, John B 
Stonaker, E. H. 
Stone. George M. 
Stone, Thomas 
Strahan, John W. 
Strauss, Moses - 
Suthpen. Dr. J. S 


Taylor, George 



Taylor, John 
Terrill, Charles A. 


Theberath, Charles M. 

Thorn, John B. 

1 1<> 
1 72 

Thome. Joseph 
Titus Dr. William 

21 ••( 


Titus, George M. - 
Toler, John 
Townsend, Isaac W. 

II 1 

Trefz, Charles 

1 = ! 

Trier, Reuben - 

1 7r 

Trippe, Joseph IC. 
Tucker, W. II. 

I 3^ 

TurnbuU. Alexander 



I I 

L'lrich, Benedict 
Ulrich. Peter 
Utter, William F. 



Utter, J Norris 
\"an Horn, Amos H. 


\'an Ilouton, James 11. 

2' t' i 
1 >'i 
1 27 

Van Xess, Benjamin II. 
\'an Steenberg, William 
Vogel. Aloys 
Vogt, Beda 
\'olz, Christian 


Wangner, William 
Wakenshaw, William - 
Ward. William - 
Wegle. John 
Wester. Edward 
Westervelt. John E. 
Weston. ICdward 
Weyrauch. (jcorge 
Wharton, John 
Wheeler. Frederick M. 
Whitehouse, Edward A 
Wiedenmayer. George C. 
Wiedcnmaycr. George W. 
Wiener, Oscar 
Wilson. William H. - 
Williams. S. M. 
Winner, W, W. 
Woodruff, E. B. 
Woodward. A. H. - 
Witzel. II. P. 

Yates, H. J. 
Young, John F 

Zahn, William 
Zeh. Dr. C. M. 
Zipf. Arthur 
Zusi, Edward 














1 30 






I :- 











1 12 







NflTiONHL, State hnd City Gove 



Pkesiuent lii- TiiK United States, . 


Uniiei) Stales Senaihus euum Ni;u Jersey, 

MEMiiEK or Congress ekom Nkuauk, 

Governor of New Jersey. 

Mayor oe Newark, 

President oe the Cummhn Couniti., 

City Ci.euk, .... 


\ JOHN R. Mcpherson 








(Last, vnder the old System.) 

pi'iKince — Aid. Furman, Johnson, Gocller, Larue, Diisenberry, 

Harngau, Fitzsimnions. 
Sh'ff/s and Highways — Aid. Stainsby, Fitzsimmons, McCor- 

mack, Lynch, Parker, Henderson, Burgesser, Huegel, 

Ryno, Arnold. Larue. Hausman, Roehrich, Ulrich, 

Sewers and Drainage — Aid. Huegel, Kane, Seller, Ely, Smith, 

Roehrich, Bioren. 
Police — Aid. Lynch, R)'no, Burgesser. 
pire Department — Aid. Kane, Olvaney, Ely. 
Poor and A/tns — Aid. Olvaney, Furman, Stainsb)', Lynch, 

Public Lighting — Aid. Ryno, Seller, Stainsb)-, Arnold, Larue. 
Public Markets — Aid. Henderson, Johnson, (Joeller, Kane, 

Public Grounds — Aid. McCormack, Smith. Hausman. 
Public Buildings — Aid. Burgesser, Harrigan, lUrich, Lynch, 

Public Health — Aid. Seller, Schacfer, Wangner. 

Public Schools— Md. Gocller, Parker, Ely. 

Public Baths — Aid. Roehrich, Hausman, Larue. 

Printing — Aid. Larue, Dusenberry, Fitzsimmons. 

Statio7icry — Aid. Ely, Parker, Olvaney. 

Licenses — Aid. Fitzsimmons, Ryno, Seller. 

Legislation — Aid. Harrigan, Johnson, Henderstm. 

Assessments — Aid. Parker, Goeller, Freiensehner. 

Elections — Aid. Schaefer, W'angner, Harrigan. 

Crosswalks — Aid. Wangner, Smith, Furman. 

Railroads and Franchises -Aid. Dusenberry, Roehrich, McCor- 

City Home.—WA. Smith, Shaefcr, Huegel. 

Water Supply — Aid. Johnson, Furman, Schaefer, Bioren, Bur 

Bridges — Aid. Ulrich, Wangner, Henderson. 

Hospitals — Aid. Ely, Hausman, Schaefer. 

Wharves— PAA. Bioren, Smith, Heller. 

Sidewalks — Aid Heller, Hausman, Olvaney. 


City Counsel William P.. Guild 

Assistant City Counsel Samuel J. Macdonald 

City Attor?iey James A. Dempsey 

Comptroller . . James F. Connelly 

City Clerk William E. O'Connor 

Assistant City Clerk . . Peter J. O'Toolc 

Auditor of Accounts . . .Fernando C. Runyon 

Receiver of Taxes Martin Issler 

City Suri'cyor Ernest Adam 

Superintendent of Fire Depa) tment William C. Astley 

Chief Engineer of Fire Department Robert Kiersted 

Superintendent of Fire A larni A. Bosch 

Overseer of the Poor William A. Baldwin 

Clerk of Centre Market George Hermon 

Judge of First Precinct Court Howard W. Hayes 

Judge of Second Precinct Court Redmond P. Conlon 

Judge of Third Precinct Court Frederick Preisel 

Superintendent of Police William H. Bro\Yn 

Chief of Detectives Henry Hopper 

Police Surgeon J. Henry Clark 

Building Inspector D. H. Boughner 

Meter Inspector August T. Schneider 

Keeper of Public Clocks Charles Freeman 

License Inspector James Fleming 

Excise Inspector George Rabenstein 

Sealer of Weights and Measures H. F. (leisheimer 

Health Officer Dr. Charles Lehlliach 

Superintendent if .{tins House . ... Frederick Nolan 

Alms House Physician ...Dr. C. L. Bradin 

Superintendent of Lighting ... .Joseph Samuels 

President Board of Education James L. Hays 

Superintendent of Public Schools.. ... ..William N. Barringer 

Superintendent of Public Whar'i'es W^illiam Corbitt 

Siipt. Street and Water Commissioners Charles Marsh 

Meat Inspector Martin Runge 

Milk Inspector Henry Negels 

Janitor City Hall J. R. 

Board oj Assessment and Revision of Taxes— V\\\X\\) Lowy. 

Marcus S. Richards, Paul W. Roder, Owen F. Conlon, 

R. Heber Breintnall, and John J. Berry, Secretarj^. 
Commissioners of Adjustment of Newark Taxes — Harrison 

Van Duyne, James L. Hays, Theodore Hewson. 
Commissioners of the Sinking Fund — Robert F. Ballantine, 

Frederick Frelinghuysen, Frederick H. Teese, Mayor 

and Comptroller, E.K-officio. 
Board of Street and Water Commissioners — Dr. Hugh C. 

Hendry, President ; Thomas Harlan, Ferdinand A. 

Hahn, Reuben Trier, Samuel Klotz. 
Trustees of City Home — Mayor Joseph E. Haynes, President ; 

H. T. Dusenberry, Treasurer ; C. M. Harrison, Secretary 

and Superintendent; George W. Vernet, J. B. Richmond, 

M. D., Dennis F. Olvaney, E. W. Crane, E J. Ill, M. D. 
Board of Fire Commissioners — Edward Shickhaus, President ; 

James Van Houten, Henry E. Baker, Hugh Kuinard, and 

H. H. Brown, Secretary. 
Board of Police Commissioners — John Strahan, President; 

Henry Dilly, Osceola Currier, Edward Maher, Joseph 

M. Cox, Secretary. 
Board of Excise — Herman Schalk, President ; Peter Grace, A. 






OL' R 'I'liwiic ii])i>n ye Pasaick 
River," which is to (lav the 

j^rt-at mamifacturinjjcityof Newark, 
was nf)t foiindetl by manufacturers 
or mechanics, but by farmers. The 
little company of " planters," as 
they styled themselves, who voyaged 
hither from the province of Connecticut, 
DJcctcd nothing more ambitious than a plantation, 
use the lanjcuaKe of the time, where they mijjht 
reap the harvests and gather the fruits of indeix;ndence. and 
"provide for their outward comfortable subsistence and their 
souls" welfare." The point on the Passaic at which they dropped 
anchor must at that time have presented a marvelously pictur- 
escjue appearance. The river was then, in very truth, a sylvan 
stream. Us sinuous course rambled, as it were, throujjh the deep 
woods, which, but for its silver trail, had been well-nigh pathless. 
Above the landing place of the pioneers it emerged into the open, 
and revealed the gentle slope of its sf>uthern bank, which rose in a 
succession of leafy terraces crowned by the more thickly wooded 
hills beyond. To the east lay a broad expanse of meadow land, 
losing itself in marsh as it ncared the bay the voyagers had just 
left behind. Mere were meadow and upland, valley and hillside, 
a fertile soil, abundance of water, good climate, the promise of 
sure and rich rewards for their labors. It was almost an ideal spot 
for the projected plantation, and here, accordingly, the adventur- 
ous planters brought their voyage to an end. 

They came, these good men of New England, not seeking an 
asylum for religious liberty, but rather a stricter habitation than 
that from which they had come forth. Their discontent at home 
had been rather political than religious. Upon the restoration of 
Charles II. he had granted a new charter, by which the colonies of 
Xew Haven and Connecticut had been consolidated into one prov- 
ince. The laxity of the restoration period was not wanting in 
the new charter. The government of the province and its various 
settlements was no longer confined to the saints exclusively, but 
political privileges and a voice in affairs were extended to the 
ungodly and unregenerate. This to the more pious ones was an 
abomination and offense. As no good could eome of remaining 
under so ungodly a dominion, the good people of Milford, Bran- 
ford and Guilford determined to make the only effective protest 

open to them. They sought a new home where they might lonnd 
such a |)iousIy governed community as Hod would approve and 
bless. Their ideal was a sort of theocracy, modeled as nearly as 
might be on Mosaic lines, in which God should be the Ruler and 
the saints the instruments of His will. 

Their first efforts to obtain a new settlement were made as 
early as November, 1661, in which month they opened negotia- 
tions with Peter Stuyvesant, Governor of the New Netherlands, for 
permission to locate in his province. The negotiations were neces- 
sarily slow, but seem to have dragged needlessly, and finally were 
almost practically abandoned, when the grasping and enterprising 
spirit of the English government at home put an cmi)luitic ])eriod 
to all treaty with the sturdy Stuyvesant, and opened up a new 
avenue for those who wished to leave Connecticut behind. 

Uetermined to oust the Dutch from the New Netherlands, 
Charles II. made his royal charter granting that province to his 
brother James, Duke of York. Immediately a small fleet was 
sent to America to put the prince into formal possession of his 
new province. The slow and sleepy Hollanders, lazily luxuriating 
in the rich town of New Amsterdam, were suddenly surprised and 
awakened b\- the appearance in the bay in the summer of 1664 of 
the English fleet. The English demand for immediate surrender 
found poor Stuyvesant utterly unable to defend himself, and 
finally, on August 27, 1664 (O. S.), a formal surrender of the New 
Netherlands was made. 

But the avaricious Duke, eager to profit by his brother's princely 
gift, did not wait for possession to parcel out his new province. 
On June 23 and 24, 1664. he made grant to John, Lord Berkeley, 
and Sir George Carteret of "All that tract of land adjacent 
to New England, and lying and being to the westward of Long 
Island and Manhattan Island, and bounded on the east part 
by the main sea and part by Hudson's River ; and hath upon the 
west Delaware Bay or River ; and extending southward to the 
main ocean as far as Cape May, at the mouth of Delaware Bay ; 
and to the northward as far as the northernmost branch of the 
said bay or river of Delaware ; which is in 41 degrees and 40 min- 
utes of latitude and crosseth over thence in a straight line to 
Hudson's River in 41 degrees of latitude ; which said tract of land 
is hereafter to be called Nova Ca.-saria, or New Jersey," etc., etc. 

The new proprietors lost no time in taking possession of their 
territory. They appointed Philip Carteret, brother of Sir George, 


its (iovernor, ;ind placed in his hands a cimstitution fur the gov- 
ernment of the territory. These preliminaries arranged, Governor 
Carteret set sail for New Jersey, and arrived at his new domain 
in August, 1665. Soon after he .sent messengers into New Eng- 
land to make known the concessions of the " Lords proprietors," 
and to invite settlers to take up lands in New Jersey under the 
very liberal terms set forth in thf>so remarkable and advanced 

Here was the opportunity long sought for by the discontented 
ones of Milford, Branford and Guilford, and they made haste to 
embrace it. The men of Milford appointed a committee to visit 
the new province and learn if the glowing representations made 
of it were true. Their committee came, saw the country, inter- 
viewed the Governor, and returned to report favorably all they had 
seen and heard. The necessarjr grant was obtained from Governor 
Carteret, and in the Spring of 1666 the first little band of settlers, 
numbering about thirty persons, set out from Milford for the new 

bareing a west line fur the south bounds, which said great crekeis 
commonly called, and known by the name Weequachick, on the 
West Line backwards in the Countr)', to the foot of the great 
mountaine called Watchung, being as is Judged about seven or 
eight miles from Pesayak towne : the said mountaine as Wee are 
Informed, hath one branch of Elizabeth towne River running near 
the above said foot of the Mountaine ; the bounds Northerly, 
viz. : Pesayak river reaches to the Third River above the towne, 
)-e river is called Yauntakah, and from thence upon a North West 
line to the aforesaid Mountaine." 

The consideration given the Indians was complex and character- 
istic of the parties and the time. It is thus set forth in the deed : 
" Fifty double-hands of powder, one hundred barrs of lead, twenty 
Axes, twenty Coates, ten Guns, twenty Pistols, ten Kettles, ten 
Swords, four blankets, four barrels of beere, ten paire breeches, 
fifty knives, twenty howes, eight himdred and fifty fathem of 
wampun, two Ankors of liquers <n- something equivolent, and 

VIKW OF NEW.\RK. X. J., IN 17,10 

plantation. In May the adventurers arrived at their destination 
and proceeded to debark and enter into their new possessions. 
But here they found other proprietors to deal with, not so cour- 
teous or hospitable as the diplomatic Governor. Indians appeared 
and forbade their landing, notifying them of the claim to own- 
ership of these lands by the Hackensack tribe. New negotiations 
had to be entered into with the Indians, and the thrifty pioneers 
did not allow their piet}' to prevent their obtaining a very good 
bargain from the red men. 

The Indian deed, which bears date July nth, 1667, or more 
than a year after the advent of the settlers, conveys to the lat- 
ter " a certain tract of land, upland and meadows of all sorts, 
whether swamps, rivers, brooks, springs, fishings, trees of all sorts, 
quarries and mines, or metals of what sort soever, with full liberty 
of hunting and fowling upon the same, excepting liberty of hunt- 
ing for the above said proprietors that were upon the upper com- 
mons, and of fishing in the above said Pesayak River, which said 
tract of Land is bounded and limited with the bay eastward and 
the great River Pesayak, northward, the great creke or river, in 
the meadow running to the head of the cove, and from thence 


three troopers Coates." This deed was duly recorded in the East 
Jersey Records March 2. 1676-7, Lib.'i, fol. 6g. 

Very shortly after the landing of the settlers their first formal 
meeting of which an}^ record remains was held. The minutes of 
this meeting recites that " In the Province of New Jersey, near 
to Elizabeth Town, and the Town Plotts on Passaic River, made 
choice of by friends from Milford and other neighboring planta- 
tions thereabouts from New England, on the twenty- first day of 
Ma}', one thousand six hundred and sixt}'-six, the above-mentioned 
persons had a meeting, together with the agents sent from Guil- 
ford and Branford, to ask on behalf of their undertakers and selves 
with reference to a township or allotments, together with friends 
from Milford," etc. This minute would seem to indicate that the 
pioneers had been followed by " the agents sent from Guilford 
and Branford," and that already some allotment of "Town 
Plotts" had been made. The desires of the "agents" were 
granted, and at this meeting it was agreed " that the agents from 
Guilford and Branford do take upon and hold till June, in the year 
one thousand six hundred and sixt\--seven, and fully to dispose 
of, provided it be possessed, built upon and settled according to 

Xf: II ■. / A' A". .A". A, // /. ( \S TR. I 7 ED. 

order, for their associates, for themselves, theirs and such as they 
shall send, provided that these last bring due testimonials to the 
committee there for the town, and they approve of them, lots, 
allotments in every division, equally privilcdged, as far as may be 
with the rest of the planters, then l>eing or to be," etc., etc. 

This accord and agreement being reported to the men of Bran- 
ford, they, in their turn, held a meeting October 30, 1666, and 
adopted and subscribed the following minute : 

OCTOIIER 30, 1666. 

" At a meeting Touching the Intended design of many of the 
inhabitants of Branford, the following was subscribed : 

" ist. That none shall be admitted freemen or free Burgesses 
l)i-ut.. 1-2-. within our Town upon Pasaick River in the Province 
E.tad., t8-ii. of Xew Jersey, but such Planters as are members of 
Ucut., 17-15. some or other of the Congregational Churches, nor 
shall any but such be chosen to Magistry or to Carrj- on any part 
iL-rem. 36-21. "^ Civil Judicature, or as deputies or assistants, to 

Such was the simple but rigid faith of the Branford pioneers, 
and such was their pious and watchful care, that the faith once 
delivered to the saints, as they believed, should be preser%'ed in 
its pristine purity. Their watchful and uncompromising piety 
found full accord with the settlers who had preceded them, and 
a holy joy filled the breasts of the " present inhabitants." 

Upon the reception of this minute and accompanying letters 
from the inhabitants of Branford, the settlers held a meeting in 
Xoveniber and assented to the stipulations of the Branford men, 
and at a subsequent meeting held June 24, 1667, they indorsed 
upon the Branford minute their acceptance of its terms, as follows : 

" And upon the Reception of their Letters and Subscriptions 
the present Inhabitants in November following declared their con- 
sents and readiness to do likewise ; and at a meeting the twenty- 
fourth of the ne.\t June following, in 1667, they also subscribed 
with their own Hands unto the two fundamental agreements 
Expressed on the other side their names, as follows : 




1 • -i y< 

have power to Vote In establishing Laws, and making or 
repealing them, or to any Chief Military Trust or Office. Nor 
shall any but such Church Members have any vote in any 
such elections ; Tho' all others admitted to be planters have Right 
to their proper Inheritance, and do and shall enjoy all other Civil 
Liberties and Privileges, According to all Laws, Orders, Grants, 
which are or hereafter shall be made for this Town. 

" 2d. We shall, with Care and Diligence, provide for the main- 
tenance of the purity of Religion professed in the Congregational 
Churches. Whereunto subscribed the Inhabitants from Branford : 

" Jasper Crane, 
Abra Pierson, 
Sam'l Swaine, 
Lai RA.NCE Waru, 
Tho .MAS Bi.ACTHi.v. 

SaMI EL Pn M, 

JosiAii Ward, 
S AMI EL Rose, 
Thomas Pierso.n, 
John W.\rde, 
Joh.n Catllvg, 
Richard Harrison, 

Ehenezer Can field, 
John Ward, Senior, 
Ed. Ball, 
John Harrison, 
John Crane, 
Thomas Huntington, 
Delivered Crane, 
Aaron Blacthlv, 
Richard Lairance 
John Johnson, 
Thomas ^^ LvoN." 

•Jf / 

A. j.. I.\ 1^4 >. 


Matthew Camiiei.d, 


Jeremiah Pecke, 
Michael Tompkins, 
SiEPHEN Freeman, 
Henry Lvon, 
John Browne, 
John Rogers, 
Stephen Davis, 
Edward Rigs, 

RollERT KircHELL, 


J. B. -^ Brooks, 

"^ mark 


Robert v Lvmens, 


Francis 1 Linle, 


Daniel Tichenor, 
John Baildwin, Sen., 
John Bauldwin, Jinr., 
Jona. Tompkins, 

George Day, 
Thomas Johnson, 
John Curtis, 



Rohert k, Denison, 


N.vthaniel Wheeler, 
Zachariah Burwell, 
William Camp, 
Joseph Walters, 
Robert Daglesh, 
Hai'ns Albers, 
Thom. Morris, 
Hlgh Roberts, 
Eph'm Pennini;ton, 
Martin Tichenor, 
John Browne, Jr., 
Jona. Seargeant, 
Azariah Crane, 
Samuel Lyon, 
Joseph Riggs, 
Stephen Bond," 

A'/:ii. I A'A\ .y. y., //./.r.svA'.i/A/). 

U will he noticed that the signatures of " the present inhabi- 
tants " number forty-one, showing that if the pioneer bark in May, 
1006, bore only about thirty persons, as all the historians agree, 
to the new plantation, the colony had in its first year of existence 
grown amazingly. Each signer doubtless was the head of a family, 
and if these families averaged only three persons beside the head, 
then the population of the colony in June, 16O7, must have num- 
bered about 164, a fivefold increase in one year. 

It is probable that the new settlement was at first named Mil- 
ford, although no name at all ajjpears in the earlier documents 
and records of the town. It is said by the historians of the town 
that on the arrival of the settlers from Branford the name Milford 
was dropped and the name of Newark conferred on the new town, 
in hon<n\ it is surmised, of Rev. Abraham Pierson, the pastor of 
the Branford peojile and the chosen pastor of the new settlement. 
Be this as it may. the first mention of any name m the town 
records occurs under date of Januarv, 16OS, when it is recorded 

" any new Inhabitant shall arrive or come into Town to inhabit 
" with us ; it is agreed and ordered that he or they from Time to 
" Time shall in all Respects svtbscribe and enter into the same 
" engagements as his Predecessors or the rest of the Town have 
" done, before he or they can or shall be accounted Legal Inhabi- 
■' tants in our Town, or have ***** Title to their Lands or 
" Possessions therein." 

For many years the citizens, in town meeting, settled the mun- 
dane affairs of the church, agreed upon calling ministers, fixing 
their salaries, preserving order and decorum during w-orship, etc., 
etc. As late as the year 1738 the entry appears, " Samuel Ailing 
and John Crane was appointed to order the ringing of the bell 
and sweeping the Meeting-House * * * it was also voted that 
Hannah Shingleton should sweep the Meetnig-House, provided 
she sweep it clean and for the same Wages as it was done for last 
year." And, still later, in 1755, we find, " Samuel Parkhurst and 
Samuel Min'ris Collectors of Mr. Burr's [the clergyman] Rate for 


that "Mr. Crane and Mr. Treatt are chosen Magistrates for the 
Year Insuing for our Town of Newark." The chronicler, with 
the taciturnity of that time, fails to tell how or why this name 
was chosen in preference to any other, and it remains only a 
conjecture that it was chosen in honor of Mr. Pierson, who 
had officiated or been ordained at Ne\vark-on-Trent. 

The close alliance of church and state in the new community, 
indeed, the actual and complete union of the two, is shown in 
the "fundamental agreements" to which e\ery settler was 
obliged to svibscribe as a condition precedent to holding his lands, 
and also in the town records for many years thereafter. We 
find this, for example, in the " fundamental agreements : " " That 
"it is fully and unanimously agreed upon as a Condition upon 
" which every one doth reckon and hold his Lands and accommo- 
" dations in the Town, viz : that they will from Time to Time 
" pay or cause to be paid yearly in their full proportions equally, 
" to the Maintenance & allowance agreed upon for the upholding 
" of the settled Ministry and preaching of the Word in our Town," 
etc. Also the following, in respect to new-comers ; " Item, it 
" was ordered and agreed upon, in case of changes of Lands * * * 

the year ensuing." Hut the strict requirement of the "funda- 
mental agreement " that only church members should attend and 
vote at town meetings did not remain so long in force. So early 
as March i, 1O77, we find it recorded, " It is voted as a Town Act, 
" that all and every Man that improves Land in the Town of 
" Newark, shall make their appearance at Tow-n Meetings and 
" there attend to any Business as shall be proposed, as any of the 
" Planters do, and liable to any Fine as others are in Case of their 
" absence at the Call, or a whole Day, or going away before the 
" Meeting break up, and also that the Clerk is to set their Names 
" in a List and Call them as others are called." 

The first hundred years of the existence of the little town was 
a period of peace and prosperity. There was little or no trouble 
with the neighboring Indians, the sound policy of the first settlers 
and their honorable dealings with the red men having favorably 
impressed the latter and made them the friends of the white men. 
There were, indeed, periods of alarm when there were rumors of 
general uprisings of the savages, and when the prudent citizens 
bore their arms to the meeting-house and appointed sentries 
to bear watch and ward during the hours of worship, but 


there appears to have been no conflicts with their supposed Ides. 

Only once was there a real prospect of serious trouble during 
this period, but this was averted by the prudence and sagacity 
of the leaders of the town. In 1673 the Dutch retook New 
Amsterdam, which they now named New Orange, in honor of 
Prince William of Orange. The Dutch Governor issued his 
proclamation commanding all the settlers within the New Nether- 
lands — which, of course, included New Jersey — to return to their 
allegiance to the States-CJeneral, guaranteeing them in all their 
rights provided they should take the oaths and submit themselves 
to the old regime. 

The townsmen of Newark were evidently not to be perturbed 
by the vicissitudes of earthly powers and dominions. They f)wed 
their first allegiance to their Heavenly Ruler, and so long as they 
were not disturbed in their homage and fealty to Him, it mattered 
little to them who His earthly deputies might be. Their concern 
was not politics, but religion. Accordingly, but a few days after 

the attempted usurpation of (Jovcrnor Andruss could extort from 
the people more than the briefest notice. Almost contemptuously 
they returned to the fiery tiovernor's demand that they should 
recognize his authority, their calm answer : " The Town being 
" met together the 29th of March, 1679-S0, and give their positive 
•' Answer to the Governor of York's writ, (viz): That they have 
•' taken the Oath of Allegiance to the King and Fidelity to the 
•• present Government, and until they have sufficient Order from 
•' his Majesty we will stand by the same." Their thoughts were 
chiefly set upon the orderly regulation of their own immediate 
affairs, the preservaticm of religion and morality in their little 
community, and the godly up-bringing of their young ; to politi- 
cal affairs without they gave only the hastiest and most impatient 
consideration. But the care they took in the minutest details to 
promote and secure goodly behavior among themselves is showji, 
for example, in a vote of the town passed February 25, 1680 : 
" To prevent disorderly Meetings of Young People at unseason- 

\Ii;\V i).\ .\11I,1T.\KV I'.VKK ANI) I'AKK I'l-ACi;. LOOKINii KAST KKO.M liRoAlJ STKICirr. 

the raising of the Dutch standard at New Orange, and the pub- 
lishing of the Dutch General's proclamation, at a town meeting 
held August 4, if)73, '• It was agreed that we should join with the 
" rest of the Province to agree with the General at N. Orange, 
" to have a priviledged Coimty between the Two Rivers Pasaick 
" and Araritine, or with as many as will join with us on that 
" account, then to desire what may be necessary for us in our 
'• Town." 

The military occupation of New Orange by the Dutch continued 
until the end of October, 1674, and during this period of fifteen 
months the good townspe"])le of Newark placidly carried on their 
town affairs, quietly ignoring the fact that war existed between 
their mother country and Holland, and submitting themselves in 
all things necessary to the authorities at New Orange. Already 
the calm indifference of the settlers to the political affairs and 
vicissitudes of the European powers is noticeable and significant. 

From the re-surrender of New Orange to the English, and the 
re-establishment of the authority of the Lords Proprietors, down 
to the period of the Revolutionary War, events were few and 
unexciting in the life of the little town on the Passaic. Not even 

" able Times, it is voted as a Town Act, that no Housekeeper or 
" Master of a Family, shall harbour or entertain any Person or 
•' Persons in the Night after Nine o'clock, or at other unseasonable 
'• Times, (extraordinary occasions excepted) ; nor shall they suffer 
" them disorderly to meet at any Place within their Power, to 
" spend their Time, Money or provisions inordinately, in drinking, 
" gaming or such-like ; nor shall they suffer any Carriage, Con- 
■' ference or Council which tends to corrupt one another. All 
" such Persons so transgressing shall be liable to such fines the 
■' Authority shall think fit." 

The Town Records from 1775 to 17S3 do not show any evidence 
of the existence of the War of the Revolution. The town meet- 
ings were held regularly and the public bvisiness transacted as 
placidly and orderly as if the liberties of the nation were not 
trembling in the balance. Some effort has been made to show 
that the citizens of Newark suffered severely by the incursions 
and depredations of the British soldiery, and doubtless they failed 
not to experience some of the ravages of the war ; but it is no 
doubt equally true that they were less disturbed than the citizens 
of most of the other patriot towns. In the year 1774 the town 



raised ^^120 for the support of the poor ; in 1776 the amount voted 
was £\\o ; in 17S1, ;f25o ; and in 17S4, ^250. The increase in the 
amount raised for the poor does not necessarily mean that the 
latter had grown so much more numerous, but may have been 
due to the fact of the depreciation of the currencj' and the rise in 
prices of all commodities. At all events it is pretty conclusive 
evidence that the commimity in general had not suffered so very 
severely from the war. And Dr. McWhorter, who is excellent 
authority, says that the town " soon recovered from its damages, 
increased fast in its population, and quickly began to flourish, 
especially in its manufactories." 

From the close of the War of Independence the growth of the 
town appears to have been steady and continuous, if not rapid and 
remarkable. Few incidents occurred to disturb the peaceful and 
happy monotony characteristic of the life of rural communities ; 
but from year to year this God-fearing people quietly and stead- 
fastly performed their various tasks, added to their slender store 

census taken three years later, was only about 6,000. Comment 
is needless, unless it be worth while to remark that thus early 
Religion seems to have acquired the habit of losing sight and 
speech as soon as she crosses the threshold of Politics. The 
majority was for Newark, but the election was subsequentl)- set 
aside b\' the Legislature upon the clear and unmistakable pri_>of 
of frauds perpetrated at the polls. Newark did not, however, 
lose the county seat. A distinguished and public-spirited citizen, 
Judge Pennington, presented a site within its limits for new county 
buildings, and these were built and finished in the year 1S12. 

The growth of the town naturally rendered the old government 
by town meeting inconvenient and insufficient. Agitation was 
begun in 1S32 looking toward the incorporation of the town as a 
city, and for its more easy and efficient government. Finally, in 
1836, the Legislature passed a charter for the city of Newark, 
which was adopted by a popular vote of the citizens at an election 
held for the purpose, and in the month of April, 1S36, the citv 


I'AKK A\!i W A>lll M, I I iN 


of wealth by industry, frugality and thrift, worshiped God and 
were content. 

One of the most exciting events in the history of the town sub- 
sequent to the Revolution was the election in 1807 to decide 
whether the county seat should be continued in Newark or should 
be removed to some other site, its principal rival being the am- 
bitious and jealous town of Elizabeth. An act of the Legislature 
was passed providing for the submission of the question to a vote 
of the people of the county. February 10, 1S07, was fixed for the 
first day of the election, which was to continue three daj-s. Single 
women and widows were permitted to vote. Despite the religious 
character of the people of both communities, the election seems 
to have been characterized by every species of fraud and corrup- 
tion. Ballot-box stuffing, repeating and impersonation ; every 
description of fraud was practiced by j^oung and old women and 
men. A sufficient idea of the character of the election may be 
gathered from one fact alone. The total vote cast in Newark 
was 5,03g; the entire population of the town, as shown bv the 

government was fully organized, with William Halsey, Mayor; 
Oliver S. Halsted (afterward Chancellor of New Jersey), Recorder ; 
Joseph N. Tuttle, Clerk ; William A. Meyer, Treasurer ; Elias H. 
Van "VA inkle. City Surveyor, and James Keene, Street Commis- 

Since its incorporation the city of Newark has advanced with 
rapid and unceasing strides. Its population in the intervening 
half-century has multiplied tenfold ; its manufactures have in- 
creased marvelously, not only in volume but also in diversity ; its 
prosperity has been sound and healthy as well as vast, its periods 
of depression few and brief. It has achieved a position in the 
very first rank of the manufacturing cities of the world ; its situ- 
ation and facilities are unequalled ; its reputation for quiet and 
order and its credit are unsurpassed ; for healthfulness as a dwell- 
ing place, for moderation in its taxation, for educational, religious 
and social advantages, it is all that can reasonably be desired. 
Resting upon so broad, firm and unyielding a foundation, its con- 
tinued prosperity is assured. 




THE first government of Newark was essentially religious. It 
was a combination of the theocracy of the Jews with the 
demt)cratic town meetinjj of Xew Ensjland. All affairs of the set- 
tlement were conducted, all officers and magistrates chosen, by the 
entire body of citizens in town meetinii; assembled ; which was 
democracy, pure and simple : but, in the " fundamental agree- 
ments," citizenship and suffrage were restricted to the saints : 
"none shall be admitted freemen ♦ * » but such Planters as 
are members of some or other of the Congregational churches, 
nor shall any but such Ije chosen to Magistracy * * * * 
nor shall any but such Church Mcmliers haye any \'ote in any 
such election." Here was the most complete union of church and 
state eyer established since the Mosaic dispensation, and this 

and allow the unsanctified to come in and have a voice in tlic 

The government of the town by town meeting continued in 
full force, without any change, until 1S33 when, by act of the 
Legislature, the town was divided into four wards, known, re- 
spectively, as the " North," " South," •' East " and " AVest " wards. 
The town government by wards continued for three years longer, 
until, in 1S36, a charter was granted by the State and the town 
became a city. This charter was soon found to be inadequate, 
and supplement after supplement was obtained from the Legis- 
lature until their number became inconveniently large and confus- 
ing. Accordingly, in 1854, the Common Council appointed three 
commissioners to revise and codify the charter and the sujiple- 

VIKW ON l,I.M.I>l..N l'.\Kk .\.M> \S .\SHI-\I.'I llN MKhfcl. 

continued in its complete integrity until March i. 1677, when it is 
refolded that " It is voted as a Town Act that all and every Man 
that improves Land in the Town of Newark shall make their 
appearance at Town Meetings, and there attend to any Business 
as shall be profKJsed as any of the Planters do." Again on October 
2, 1683, " It is agreed by vote that all and every Person possessed 
of Lands in the Town of Newark shall have their Names put into 
the List to be called at Town Jleetings, from Time to Time." 

The reason for thus relaxing the stringency of the " funda- 
mental agreements " and allowing the profane to come in and join 
\vith the saints in the direction of the temporal affairs of the town 
seems to have arisen from the carelessness and negligence of the 
saints themselves. Suqjrising as it may seem, it was difficult to 
get them to attend to their solemn duties and to exercise their 
high privileges. Even the imposition of fines for non-attendance 
at town meetings or for dilatoriness did not seem to arouse the 
saints to the importance of their political privileges, and finally, 
only eleven years after the settlement of the town and the solemn 
signing of the " fundamental agreements," it became necessary, 
to insure the proper conduct of public affairs, to open the doors 

ments thereto. These commissioners submitted their draft of the 
revised charter to the Common Council in February, 1S55. It was 
then considered carefully by a joint committee of the Common 
Council, and of the citizens, and amended by them in several im- 
portant particulars. After much consideration and many delays 
the revised charter received the sanction of the Legislature, and 
was approved by the executive of the State March 20, 1857. 

Under the revised charter the government of the city was vested 
in a Mayor and a Common Council, or Board of Aldermen, 
consisting of two aldermen chosen by the citizens of each ward, 
the number of wards at the time of the adoption of the revised 
charter being but eleven. In addition to the Common Council, a 
Board of Education was provided for, which was to have entire 
charge and control of the public schools of the city, but subject to 
the Common Council in the matter of appropriations. The gov- 
ernment established by this charter was verj- simple, and was 
soon found insufficient for the rapidly growing needs of the city. 
In 1859 a supplement was passed establishing the office of Re- 
ceiver of Taxes, and also providing for a Sinking Fund to meet 
the city's bonded indebtedness as it should fall due. In iSfjo the 



city was authorized to purchase the property, rights and franchise 
of the Newarlv Aqueduct Company, and the Newark Aqueduct 
Board was established for the management and control of the 
water siipply of the city. In iS60 the Board of Assessment and 
Revision of Taxes was constituted for the more systematic and 
effective assessment of taxes. This board continues to be of the 
same number, duties and powers as when iirst established, but its 
members are now all appointed by the Mayor. In 1S73 the De- 
partment of Finance was established, the chief officer of which to 
be Comptroller of the city. This department remains substantially 
the same in scope and powers as originally constituted. A Board 
of Excise Commissioners was established in 1S75, and this board 
also remains, as to authority and jurisdiction, substantially as at 
first constituted. 

In 1S91 the most sweeping and far-reaching change in the city 
government was proposed by an Act of the Legislature providing 
for the appointment in each of the cities of the first-class (Newark 
and Jersey City), of a Board of Street and Water Commissioners. 

This board, it is provided in the law, shall be composed of five 
members and is clothed with very extensive powers. It is to have 
entire control and management of the Water Department, the 
Street Department, all sewers and drains, in short, all the public 
works of the city. Proceedings have been begun and are still 
pending in the Supreme Court to test the constitutionality of the 
act constituting this board, and it is practically at a stand until 
the decision of the court shall be announced. Since the foregoing 
was written, the Supreme Court has decided the act constituting 
the Board of Street and Water Commissioners to be constitutional, 
and the board has assumed and exercises all the powers conferred 
upon it by the new law. 

The other departments of the city government are the Health 
Board, which, under recent legislation, has very extreme powers ; 
the Tnastees of the City Home, a reform school for boys and girls ; 
the Trustees of the City Hospital, and the Trustees of the Free 
Public Library, a most excellent institution which is giving 
unqualified satisfaction. 



THE historian of Newark must needs give much attention and 
devote considerable space to the history of the churches of 
the city. So closely, as has already been shown, were the temporal 
and spiritual interests of the town interwoven and almost identi- 
fied, that the one cannot be traced and set forth without following 
and displaying the other. In the infancy of the town the two 
were twins, fond, affectionate and constant in their companion- 
ship. It was many years before one outstripped the other in 
physical growth and found his attention and his activities 
absorbed by his rapidly growing prosperity and possessions, and 
the devotion of the two loving twins became formal and strained 
if not altogether cold and lifeless. 

The history of the church in Newark antedates that of the town 
by more than a score of years. It really begins in Branford, in 
1644, when it had "its proper organic origin" — as good Doctor 

Stearns styles it. The Rev. Abraham Pierson, the first pastor of 
the church, came to Boston from England in 1639. He was born 
in Yorkshire — in what j-ear is uncertain — and was graduated at 
the LTniversity of Cambridge in 1632. After being ordained — 
episcopally, it is supposed — and preaching a few years in his 
native country, he decided, for reasons now unknown, upon emi- 
grating to New England and casting in his lot with the Puritans 
there. He joined the church at Boston, and appears to have 
been stationed immediately, or very soon thereafter, at Lynn. 
In 1640 some of the residents of Lynn, "finding themselves 
straitened," as the quaint language of the time puts it, determined 
to remove to less "straitening" habitations. They removed to 
the east end of Long Island, and there founded the town of South- 
ampton. They had been organized as a church before leaving 
Lynn, and had chosen Mr. Pierson as their minister, and he, 



therefore, accompanied them to their new settlement. But in the 
year 1644 he and some of his flock, being dissatisfied because 
their little colony was placed in the jurisdiction of Connecticut, 
removed to the town f)f Branford. Here he organized a new 
church, embracing inhabitants of Branford with others from 
AVeathersfield, who united with them, and here the church history 
of the church of Newark really begins ; for when, in 1667, the 
people of Branford resolved to join those of Milford in their 
" towne upon the Pasaick," they took with them their pastor and 
their entire church organization. Dr. Steams, the historian of 
the " First Church," says : " Indeed, the old church in Branford, 
organized there twenty years earlier, was probably transported 
bodily, with all its corporate privileges and authorities. Its old 


forth upon a new, and it since has proved, by far the largest por- 
tion of its career." 

Mr. Pierson was a strong as well as godly man. His influence 
upon the new community was very great and largely determined 
its character and career. He was a learned man, still fond of 
books and study in these wilds. His library numbered four hun- 
dred and forty volumes, a goodly library for the most refined 
centre of the New World, and of magnificent proportions for a 
clearing in the woods. Earnest, eloquent, godly, patient and 
devoted, he was beloved and esteemed not only by his own little 
flock, but also by all the great and strong leaders in New England. 
The elder Winthrop spoke of him as a "godly learned man ; " 
and Cotton Mather, in his pedantic, but quaint and ])icturcsquc 



pastor was conveyed hither at the expense of the town ; its 
deacon continued his functions without any signs of reappoint- 
ment ; its records were transferred, and it immediately com- 
menced ' church work,' and its pastor was invested with his office 
and salary on the new spot without any ceremony of organization 
or installation. It is true that several of its members were left 
behind, but they no longer claimed to be a church ; and hence 
there was; no church in Branford after the removal, till a new one 
was organized there several years subsequent. The settlers who 
came hither from other towns probably transferred their ecclesi- 
astical relations to this pre-existing organization, and the church 
of Branford, being thus transplanted to a new locality, and having 
received an accession of new constituent elements, became, after 
the example of the church in Hartford and several others in New 
England, the First Church of Newark, and thereupon started 

style, wrote of him : " 'Tis reported by Pliny, but perhaps 'tis 
but a Plinyism, that there is a fish called Lucerna, whose tongue 
doth shine like a torch. If it be a fable, yet let the tongue of a 
minister be the moral of that fable. Now such an illiiniinating 
tongue was that of our Pierson." 

The church thus transplanted from Branford to Newark was 
settled in the Congregational order, " and that of the most primi- 
tive and distinguishing type," adds good Doctor Stearns. It was 
not until 1716, or a few years later, that the church united with 
the Presbytery and became in form of government and in spirit 

The first steps toward building a meeting-house for the little 
congregation were not taken until September 10, 166S, more than 
two years after the settlement of the town. On that date the town 
voted to "build a meeting-house as soon as may be," and 


appointed a committee of five men " with full power for the man- 
agement of the building." The building wim of very modest 
proportions, 36 feet in length, 26 feet in breadth and 13 feet be- 
tween the joints, "with a lenter to it all the length which will 
make it thirty-six foot square," and j-et it was more than a year 
and a half after the town had resolved to build it that it began to 
approach completion. So great an undertaking for the good, 
pious souls was it to provide even so humble a temple for their 
weekly worship of their g^eat Creator. 

Twelve years after the settlement the Rev. Abraham Pierson 
closed his earthly career, and was succeeded by his son as pastor 
of the little flock. He was faithful and well-beloved, strong and 
influential with his people, and yet, whether from the carelessness 
and thoughtlessness of the good people, or for some less discredi- 
table reason, " no record tells us and no stone points out precisely 
in what spot his honored bones rest." 

The Rev. Doctor Stearns has drawn a most vivid, breathing 
picture of the little congregation assembled in their little house 
of worship, and the 
temptation to em- 
bellish these pages 
with it is too strong 
to be resisted. 
•' Let us now cast 
a glance," he says, 
' ' upon the little as- 
s e m b 1 y as they 
were when the ap- 
purtenances of the 
house of worship 
were completed 
and the settlement 
in the full tide of 
its youthful pros- 
perity. We will 
select for the pur- 
pose the year 16S2, 
and take some 
bright Sabbath 
morning early in 
June, when the 
strawberries are 
red among the 
green grass, the 
birds singing in 
the meadows in a 
full chorus, and the 
apple blossoms 
scarcely yet fallen 
in the orchards. 
* * * On the 
west side of Broad 
street * * * * » ^nd nearly opposite the site of the 
present First Presbyterian Church, with an irregular marshy 
pond e.xtending nearly to ilarket street on the northeast, and a 
few graves marking a small burying-place on a little eminence 
not far in the rear, stood a low and somewhat singular-looking 
wooden edifice, without chimney or cupola, spreading out to the 
breadth of thirty-six feet square on the ground, and almost six- 
teen feet high in front beneath the eaves, and somewhat less in 
the rear ; the roof sloping down the back side near to the ground, 
and covering an appendage called a ' lenter,' or lean-to, ten feet 
wide, after the manner of some of the old farmhouses, of which 
remnants may still be found in the country. There it stood, with 
the gable ends north and south, and the broadside ' nigh front- 
ing on a square with the street,' in the precise spot which Mr. 
Pierson, the elder. Deacon Ward and Mr. Treat had assigned for 
it. It is OUR FIRST MEETING-HOUSE— the place of worship 
and the place of business — the theatre of all important transac- 
tions, civil, military and religious, in the town of Newark, during 


its first forty years of existence. There the townsmen, ' after 
lecture,' held their regular stated meetings, and there, on any 
alarm, the brave soldiers of the little commimity assembled with 
their arms at beat of drum to defend their homes and altars, their 
little ones and their wives. And now we notice two rudeh" con- 
structed appendages at two corners of the sacred edifice. They 
are called, in military phrase, " flankers," made with palisades or 
sharpened stakes, driven near together in the ground and so 
placed that the soldiers, sheltered behind them, command the 
sides of the house in every direction. They were constructed in 
the year 1675, when the Philips war was raging in New England, 
and the terror of Indian butcheries, so appalling to the people of 
Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut, could hardly fail 
to have communicated an alarm to their friends and relatives, 
even in this distant settlement. The house itself, as we shall see 
on entering it, has been fitted for defense, for at the same period 
the town gave orders to have it lathed and the walls ' filled with 
thin stone and mortar as high up as the girts ' — a work on which 

all the men of the 
town above sixteen 
years of age, in 
companies of 
twelve, each day 
wrought in their 
turns, carrying 
their arms with 
them as did the Is- 
raelites when they 
rebuilt their tem- 
ple, to be ready 
against sudden 
surprises. The 
house of God was 
thus the house of 
refuge for the peo- 
ple : and there, had 
the savage foe 
burst upon them , 
would the women 
and children of the 
town have assem- 
bled for protection, 
close by God's holy 
altar. ****** 
The holy morning 
has now dawned. 
Nearly opposite 
the church stands 
the residence of 
the late senior pas- 
tor, now occupied, 
we may presume^ 
by his aged widow with her two younger sons, Theophilus and 
Isaac. ***** w\ along, up and down the street, stand on 
either side, at regular intervals, the quiet homes of the planters, and 
everywhere through the open windows may be heard the voice of 
prayer and psalm-singing at the domestic altar or the low hum of 
youthful voices studying or reciting the much-prized catechism. 

■ ' The hour of public worship now approaches, and the deep 
tones of the village drum, beaten along the broad, grassj- street 
by one of the young men, gives the signal to make ready. It 
beats again ; and now, the doors opening, out come in everj^ 
direction the grave fathers and mothers of the community, the 
sturdy sons and comely daughters, with the cheerful and yet 
sober little ones, all in their best attire, and such as never sees 
the light except on Sabbath days and for the sake of decency in 
God's worship. Down the cross-streets, and some on horseback 
from the far-distant mountain, where the settlement was alreadv 
extending itself, they pour along in pleasant family groups and 
meet a united community at the house of prayer." 

A/-:i\ARK. X. /.. ii.r.rsrRATr.D. 


1791 1891 


But there was not always peace and k)ving brotherhiMxl amon^j 
the pious worshipers. Even as early as the pastorate of Rev. 
Abraham Pierson's son and successor dissensions began, which 
finally culminated in Mr. Pierson's withdrawal from his charge 
and removal to Connecticut. On the institution of Yale College, 
a few years later, he was appointed its Hrst rector, or president, 
and held this office until his death, in 1707. 

It was in the year 1676, during the pa.storate of Rev. John 
Priidden, the younger Pierson's successor, that the separate title 
of the church to the " parsonage lands " was first set up, a title 
that has occasioned continual disputes and litigations ever since. 
In that year, under authority of an act of the (iencral Assembly, 
a warrant was taken out for the survey of two hundred acres of 
land and meadow for the purposes of a parsonage, and "also so 
much ;is shall be convenient for landing places, sch<K)lhouse, town- 
house, meeting-house, market-place," etc. Two hundred and 
twelve acres were surveyed under this warrant the same year, of 
which three were for a burying-place, three for a market-place 
and six for a training-place. December 10, 1696, a deed was made 
by the Proprietors conveying these tracts to John Curtis, John 
Treat, Theophilus Pierson and Robert Young, "to the only 
proper use, benefit and behalf of the old settlers of the town 
of Newark, their heirs and assigns for ever." This is the 
source of the title of the " First Church " to the lands which have 
been held ever since by the parent church and its off-shoots, and 
some of which are still in litigation. 

The first separate action of town and church, as far as the 
records give evidence, occurred upon the calling of Mr. Jabez 
\Vakeman to succeed Mr. Prudden as pastor of the church. The 
town appointed a committee of three men in 1699 "to join with 
such as the Church shall appoint in speedily looking out for 
another person to be on trial in order to settlement in the pastoral 
office." And, soon afterwards, the town appointed another 
committee "to join with the Church Committee to treat with Mr. 
Jabez Wakeman about his taking the ofHce of pastor upon him." 

The first separation from the old church occurred about 1718. 
The earlier settlements (jf the planters clung closely to the river 

bank. But gradually the settlors pushed their clearings up the 
hillsides, and even as far as the slopes of the Watchung Moun- 
tain. Here, by the year 171S, the settlers had become numerous 
enough to form a church organization of their own, which they 
styled the " Mountain Society." This name was retained for a 
number of years, until the young and thriving church was named 
and known as the " Second Church in Newark." Eventually, on 
the setting-off of t)range from Newark, this latter name was also 
dropped and the church became known as the " First Presby- 
terian Church in Orange." It was about this same time also that 
the parent church submitted itself to the Presbyterian forms of 
church government, the first ordination of a pastor by act of 
Presbytery occurring in 1719. 

The third church to be organized within the boundaries of New- 
ark, as they then existed, was not an off-shoot of the old First 
Church, but an independent organization. It was a Dutch church, 
established at " Second River," now Belleville, about the year 
1726. The same minister "dispensed the Word and ordinances 
of God," both to this little church and that at " Aquackanunc." 

But now a])proached a separation from the parent church, 
which was not only to rob it of many of its children, but was to 
cause serious and bitter dissensions, rupture old friendships, and 
obliterate neighborly feelings. Efforts had been making for 
several years to establish Episcopacy in the settlements in New 
Jersey. Missionaries, zealous for their church, jiervaded the 
provinces, eager for converts. One of these the Rev. George 
Keith, wrote of the neighboring town of Elizabeth; "Many of 
that town, having been formerly a sort of Independents, are 
become well affected to the Church of England, and desire to 
have a minister < f the Church of England sent to them." And 
in 1731 another missionary, the Rev. Mr. Wiughan, writing from 
Elizalieth to England, sa\s that he finds his hearers increasing, 
not only in Elizabeth, "but also at Newark, Whippany and in 
the mountains." There is a delicious, imconscious humor in his 
additional report that he finds "a general disposition in the 
people to be instructed and settled in the Clirislian Fail A." 


Fancy the grim scorn of the pious planters of Newark had they 
been able to read this letter with its patronizing references to 
their benighted condition. " Settled in the Faith! " forsooth: who 
so settled as they? But they were soon rudely awakened to the 



AN nlji LANDMARK AT ORANGE AND WK.W • \ K\ \ 1 -. 

fact that they were not so firmly settled as they fondly dreamed. 
The English missionaries' efforts were to be crowned with success, 
but by causes not to be foreseen or imagined. Col. Josiah Ogden, 
the son of one and the grandson of another of the original settlers 
of the town, and a " distinguished member" of the church, was 
the unfortunate person through whom schism and secession came. 
And in a curious way. He was accused of violating the sanctity 
of the Lcn-d's Day by laboring in his wheat fields. His defense 
was that his labor was necessary, to save his wheat from being 
ruined by the rain. Nevertheless the church censured him, and 
he and his friends withdrew from the old church and founded a 
separate chui'ch organization, known as Trinity Chtirch, which 
submitted itself to the government of the Church of England. 
The e.xact year of this withdrawal is difficult to determine. But 
as Col. Ogden carried up his censure on appeal to the Synod of 
Philadelphia in 1734, and was in correspondence with a committee 
of that body in 1735, it is probable that his withdrawal and that 
of his friends from the old church did not occur before the Fall of 
the year 1735. "This separation was the origin," writes Dr. 
McWhorter, "of the greatest animosity and alienation 
between friends, townsmen. Christians, neighbors and 
relatives, that this town ever beheld. The storm of 
religious separation and rage wrought tumultuousl)- " 
and ' ' kindled a flame which was not extinguished 
till the conclusion of the late war " — fifty years later. 
Such is the Christian love and forbearance, at times, 
of the disciples of the meek and lowly Jesus, and thus 
were " instructed and settled in the Christian Faith " 
the members of the new communion. 

It has already been seen that the second jiastor of 
the little Newark church was chosen to the high and 
honorable office of first rector or president of Yale 
College upira its institution. New and equally illus- 
trious scholastic honors now awaited the little church 
through its sixth pastor, the Rev. Aaron Burr. This 
brilliant preacher and scholar came to the pulpit of 
the Newark church in Janviary, 1736. Ten years 
later, on the 22d of October, 1746, the first charter 
of "The College of New Jersey" was granted, the 
Rev. Aaron Burr being one of the persons named 
therein as trustee of the proposed new college. The 
Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, of Elizabeth, was chosen 
to be president of the college, but after enjoying this 
high honor only four months and a half he died. His 
death discouraged the new enterprise and caused a 

suspension of the efforts to establish suitably the new 
institution of learning. But in September, 174S, a 
new charter was granted for the college, and upon its 
organization, which occurred in the First Church 
November gth, 174S, the Rev. Aaron Burr was unan- 
imously chosen president. The first commencement 
of the college, a class of seven being already qualified, 
was celebrated on the same day in the little house of 
worship thus doubly honored. Among the seven 
students graduated at this time was Richard Stock- 
ton, a name afterwards one of the most distinguished 
and honored in the State of New Jersey, and whose 
descendants to this day nobly maintain the honor and 
glory of the family name. 

For the first eight years of its existence the College 
of New Jersey remained in Newark, President Burr 
ofliciating also, for the first seven years, as pastor of 
the little church. It was during this period, on June 
7th, 1753, that a charter was obtained for the church, 
incorporating it by the name of " The First Presby- 
terian Church in Newark," the same name borne by 
the church to this day. In 1756 the college was 
removed from Newark to Princeton, President Burr 
having resigned his pastorate a year earlier, and thus 
the brief but brilliant connection between the little 
congregation and the sturdy and thriving young college was 
brought to a close. It was during the Rev. President Burr's 
residence in Newark, but after the close of his pastorate here, 
that his famous son, Aaron, was born, February 6th, 1756. Of 
his character and career it is needless here to speak. He may be 
dismissed with the good Dr. Stearns' scanty notice, " the heir of 
his father's accomplishments, but not of his virtues." 

In iSoi, June 6th, a company of nine persons were C(.>nstituted 
into a regular Baptist church, and were soon incorporated, 
assuming the name of the First Baptist Church of Newark. 
Their first meeting-house, situated on Academy street, was 
dedicated September i6th, 1S06. 

In iSoS, the number of Methodists in the town having reached 
fourteen, they determined upon building a Methodist meeting- 
house, and the following year their modest place of worship, 
called Wesley Chapel, was dedicated. This was situated upon or 
near the site of the present Halsey Street Methodist Church. 

The fii^st Catholic parish in the town was regularly organized 
in 1S24, and was styled St. John's. St. John's Church was erected 

I'I.umh;, i;k<>mi anh 


The First Congregational Cluuxli was the 
outgrowth and successor of what was at its 
institution styled " The First Free Church 
in Newark," which was organized May 22d, 
1S34, by forty persons who left the First 
Presbyterian Church for this purpose. 

There are now in the city of Newark twenty 
(20) Presbyterian churches, of which one is 
especially for colored people and three for 
Germans ; two (2) United Presbyterian ; seven 
(7) Reformed (Dutch) ; two (2) Congregational ; 
fifteen (15) Baptist ; twelve (12) Episcopal ; one 
M) Reformed Episcopal; Eighteen (iS) Melh- 
ndist Episcopal ; one (i) Methodist Protestant ; 
tliree 13) Lutheran : one (i) Universalist : two 
2) Swedenborgian ; twenty (20) Roman Cath- 
olic ; and four (4) Jewish Synagogues ; besides 
nine (g) independent bodies, and eleven (11) 
missions. There being, in all, one hundred 
and seven (107) churches and synagogues 
in the city. These are almost witliout 
exception active, vigorous, healthy and 
MF.EKER HOMESTEAH, SUPPOSED TO BE THE OLDEST i.AN-MAKK IN NLw jERSEV. flourishing bodics, Stimulating the hearts 

on the site of the present St. John's Church, but was a very small and minds of their various parishes, inculcating and distrib 
and modest edifice, being, we are told, " no largtr than a large uting charity and disseminating secular as well as religious 
sitting chamber." learning. 


IT has already been stated that the settlers of Newark were n<it 
mechanics or manufacturers, but farmers. Naturally, there- 
fore, their first concern was the soil and the sup])ort and mainte- 
nance which it might lie made to yield. It may very readily be 
com])rehended th:it theirs was not a ven,- fierce struggle with the 
rich, virgin soil, which, to yield its abundant increase needed but 
the a.sking. But what with the labor of making their clearings, 
building their dwellings and doing the thou.sand and one things 
incident to the pursuit of agriculture in a new country, the settlers 
had no time to think of other labors, much less tr) bestow upon them. 
Accordingly only such industries were thought of as actually 
pressed themselves upon the attention of the busy planters. 
Naturally, the first of these to reveal its 
necessity in an isolated farming community 
was, when the grain had Ixjen garnered in. a 
grist mill. 

Accordingly, we find that at a Town Meeting 
held March 9, 1668-69, this resolution was 
adopted : 

" Item. The Town saw Cause for the Incour- 
'■ agement of any amongst them that would 
" Build and Maintain a Good Mill, for the 
" su])ply of the Town with Good Grinding, To 
'• offer and Tender freely the Timber Prepared 
" for that use. Twenty Pounds Current Pay, 
'• and the Accommodations Formerly Granted 
" Belonging to themill, viz : iS Acres of upland 
" and 6 of meadow, with the only Liberty and 
" privilege of Building a Mill on yt Brook ; 
" which motion was left to the Consideration 
" of the Town Betwixt this and the 12th of this 
" Mo. Current at Even, and the Meeting is 
" adjourned to that Time : And in Case any 
"desire sooner, or in the mean Time to have 
" any further Treaty or Discourse about his or 
" their Undertaking of the Mill, they may 
•• repair to Mr. Treat, Deacon Ward and 
" Lieutenant Swain, to prepare any Agreement 
"between the Town and them." 

Notwithstanding this offer <if the Town, which would seem to 
have been very- liberal for that time, no one appeared to be willing 
to undertake the work on these terms, and we find this record of 
the proceedings of the town meeting on the I2tli of March, 166S-69 ; 

" None appearing to accept of the Town's Motion and Encourage- 
" ment to build and maintain the Mill, they agreed to set upon it 
" in a general way, and moving to Lieut. Swain about the matter, 
" he made some propositions to the Town, and at Length the 
" Town agreed with him for 20s. by the week or 6 working days, 
'■ and three Pounds over for his skill, unless he shall see Cause to 
" abate it, which if he shall see cause to do the Town will 
" take it thankfully : for the which he engaged to improve his 


A'/'ir.lA'A'. .V. /., //./.1'.S7'A'.I77-:/). 

"Time and skill for the best advantage and carrying on to 
"an End the whole Work, with all that shall be implied by 
" him so far as belongeth to his Art and Trade of a Millwright ; 
" as also to give his best advice about the Dam, or leveling the 
" Ground, as the Town shall need him, and this to be done as 
"soon as conveniently he can; and the Town promiseth to 
" help him with Work in part of his pay as he needs it, so many 
" Days' Work as he works at the Mill ; common Laborers at two 
" shillings by the Day and Carpenters at 2S. 6d. the Day. * * * 
" Item. The Town agreed to send some men forth upon the Dis- 
" covery, to see if they can find any suitable Stones for Millstones." 

Even this agreement, it seems, was not sufficient to secure the 
erection of the mill, which must have been a great undertaking 
for the little community. Under date of August 24, 1670, appears 
this record : 

"The Town at length Made a full agreement with Mr. Robt. 
" Treat and Serg't Rich'd Harrison about the Building and Main- 
" taining of a Sufficient Corn Mill, to be set upon the Little Brook 
" Called the Mill Brook, with suitable Necessary's, and making the 
" Damns, and all other Provisions Needful for and Belonging to 
" the sd Mill," .Vc, &c., &c. 

Under this last agreement the great work of building the mill 
was at last accomplished, and the mill was in operation the fal- 
lowing Spring, as appears by 
an entry in theTown Records 
under date of May 23, 1671 : 
" Item — it's agreed that the 
"2nd day of the week and 
" the 6th day of the same 
" week and the Next Days 
" if the Town Need, and the 
" Work Cannot be well done 
" on those days that are ap- " 
"pointed and agreed upon • , 
" by The Town Meeting and -^J*', 
" the Owners of the Mill to . I ! 
" be their Grinding days, j, 
" upon which days the Miller 
"is to attend his (irinding, 
" and the Town are to bring 
" their Grists, and the Miller 
" promiseth to do his * * 

n* * * * n<; fnr ■Rimsplf 

£13 1.11 iiiniB^ii ^^^ FIRST M.\LLEAKLE IRON FOUXDRV BLI 

" secure the same until it Be seth bovden, between bridge 

"enclosed and under Lock from an original i.raw 

" and Key." 

Thus was established, upon the " Little Brook," which as long 
as it existed bore the name of " Mill Brook," the first manufac- 
turing industry of the little town, the forerunner, as will be seen, 
of multitudinous manufactures which were ultimately to convert 
the little agricultural hamlet into a great manufacturing city. 

The early fame of the town, however, rested upon the quantity 
and quality of the cider made and sold by the good people. Only 
seven years after the first settlement Deputy-Governor Rudj-ard 
wrote to a friend in Loudon, " At a place called Newark, 7 or S 
miles from here, is made great quantities of Cyder exceeding 
any we can have from New England or Rhode Island or Long 
Island." The following year another correspondent wrote, " They 
make abundance of good Cyder, especially at one town called 
Newark, which is esteemed at New York and other places that it 
is sold beyond any that comes from New England." 

But the grist-mill and the cider-mill did not long suffice to satisfy 
the enterprise of the worthy Newarkers. In 1680, a shoemaker, 
Samuel Whitehead by name, had been permitted to settle in the 
town, " provided he will supply the Town with Shoes, tho' for the 
Present we known not of any Place of Land convenient." The 
leather he used was all bought from a distance, or tanned rudely 
at home, and this did not long suit the thrift and prudence of the 
citizens. Azariah Ci^ane desired to establish a tanyard in the 
town, and succeeded in obtaining permission to do so in 1698, this 

subject coming, as did all others, before the town meeting, and 
being passed upon by the votes of all the citizens. It is recorded, 
under date of April ig, 1698, that " It is voted that Thomas 
" Hayse, Joseph Harrison, Jasper Crane and Matthew Canfield 
"shall view whether Azariah Crane may have Land for a Tan- 
" Yard, at the Front of John Plum's home Lott, out of the Com- 
" mon ; and in case the Men above-mentioned agree that Azariah 
" Crane shall have the Land he the said Azariah Crane shall 
" enjoy it so long as he doth follow the trade of Tanning." 

Azariah got his land and his tannery was established at once, 
and the trade in leather and shoes was thus early established on 
a firm foundation. Its growth was necessarily slow, but it was 
steady and sure, and ere long it become the staple industry of 
the town. 

There were not wanting other craftsmen in the town sufficient 
to supply the immediate necessities of an agricultural community. 
Thomas Pierson and Benjamin Baldwin were weavers, John Ward 
was a "Turner," which no doubt included cabinet-making and 
joining ; many, indeed, of the original settlers joining some handi- 
craft to their agricultural pursuits. AW the casks and barrels for 
the cider made in the town seem to have been made by the 
planters themselves, and so great was the demand for them 
that as early as i66cj it was necessary to prohibit their sale except 

for the use of the Town." 
'TjJ'")') This, b}' the way, was doubt- 
less the earliest embargo 
laid in any of the colonies. 

Never, perhaps, were 
pioneers better equipped to 
establish a permanent and 
prosperous settlement than 
these pious founders of 
Newark. Not with mechan- 
ical appliances to make labor 
easy or dispense with it 
altogether, or with wealth 
til purchase the labor of 
others, but with those strong 
manly qualities which in- 
sure because they conquer 
success. Health, energy, 
courage, industry, patience, 
perseverance — with these 
ciualities failure is impossi- 
ble, success a certainty. It 
adds to the glory of these 
men, that although their religious feelings were deep and strong, 
and their religious prejudice no doubt intense, yet they either 
knew not or had overcome the passion for persecution. While 
they required every one desiring to join their colony to subscribe 
to their " fundamental agreements," yet they sought to punish no 
one for refusing. And they provided in advance that where the 
conduct or outspoken opinions of any settler should offend the 
communitv, there should be no persecution, pains or penalties, 
but simply that the offender should be paid a fair price for his 
lands and remove from the community with whom he was not 
and never could be in sympathy or accord. This was not, of 
course, absolute freedom of opinion or of religion, but for those 
times and circumstances, it was a great liberality, as unusual as 
it was enlightened. Material prosperity could scarcely fail to 
wait upon men possessed of the strong qualities, the conservative 
principles, the moderate tempers which distinguished and 
ennobled the pioneers of this plantation. And there is every 
evidence that from the beginning the settlement was prosperous. 
It is impossible to trace the growth of the industries of the 
infant town, as no record seems to have been kept of their prog- 
ress or increase, and no figures are available until the United 
States census of 1810, from which a statement was compiled under 
the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, showing the 
various industries of the town and their output, as follows ; 



.y/:u'.iRk\ \. y., iija'sirated. 

X. J.. IX iSio. 


Blended and unnamed Cloths and Stuffs 

Woolen Goods in families 


Carding Machines 

Frilling Mills 

Drawing and Roving Machines 


Fur Hats 

Blast and Air Furnaces 



Large Screw. Steel Springs, etc 

Tin Plate Works 

Tallow Candles 

Plating Manufactories 


Leathers, unnamed 

Boots, Shoes and Slippers 

Flaxseed Oil 




Paper Mills 




^o. ot 



^ t00,000>00 


43,000 " 





324 tons 
6o<) '• 

: 1,360 lbs. 



3»t 36.00 

1 If 529.00 
15000 00 


I .' v'.OO 

.■ V 5' JO ou 
3'> "00.00 

It wnll be seen from tins table that the boot and shoe industry 
was then, as it had been for many years, easily chief in the town, 
and justified the draftsman of the map of Newark, published in 
iSofi, who drew the effijf>-of a shoemaker in one corner of his map. 
Accordinjj to his statement •• one-third of the inhabitants are con- 
stantly em]iloyed " in the manufacture of 1>ixjLs and shoes. 

The ne.xt opportunity afforded for obser\-ing the industrial 
growth <)f the town is found in the town census taken in 1S26 by 
Isaac Nichols, assessor. Me reports the number of industries 
and the industrial ])o])ulation as follows : 

" Three Iron and Founderies. twelve workmen: one Cotton 
Factor)-, SIX workmen : three Tin and Sheet Iron Factories, nine 
workmen : one Coach Spring Factor)-, ten workmen ; one Choco- 
late and Mustard Factory, eight workmen ; one Tobacco Factory, 
thirteen workmen ; one Look in.g-G lass Factor)-, four workmen 
one Soap and Candle Factory, four workmen ; one Eastern Pot- 
ter)-, three workmen ; one Rope Walk, two workmen. 

" Besides these, three Distilleries, two Breweries and two Grist 
Mills. The number of hands em])loyed not given. 

•' All those employed in trades and other branches are enume- 
rated as follows : 

Shoemakers 685 

Carriage-makers 64 

Trimmers 48 

•' Painters 21 

" Smiths 77 

Carpenters 89 

Chairmakers 79 

Hatters 70 

Curriers 61 

Saddlers 57 

Masons 46 

Coach Lace Weavers 36 

Cabinet-makers 35 

Tailors 35 

Jewelers 22 

Blacksmiths ,5, 19 

Planemakers. . . ... 17 

Tanners 17 

Silver Platers 15 

Bakers 15 

Carters 12 

Saddle-Trcc-raakers 12 

Mouse Painters and Glaziers 10 

Wagon Workers ,s 

Trunkmakers 7 

Coopers 7 

Stonecutters 6 

Lastmakers 6 

Butchers :; 

Ploughmakers 4 

Pumpmakers i 

Morocco Dressers 3 

Brushmakers 3 

Gunsmiths 2 

Watch and Clock Makers ... 2 

Tallow Chandlers i 

Lockmakers i 

Printers 7 

Mr. Nichols enumerated the population of the town as 8,017, and 
it will be seen from his table that about 1,700, or more than twentv 
per cent of the whole number were actively engaged in manual 
labor, speaking w-ell for the industry and thrift of the community. 

In 1836, the year of the incorporation of the town as a city, a 
census was taken by the direction of the Common Council. The 
rapid growth of the town in the preceding ten years was shown 
by the enumeration of the population at this census at 19,732, an of almost 150 per cent. In connection with this census. 
Dr. Jabez G. Goble prepared the following exhibit of the indus- 

tries of the city, which, he says, "is believed to be essentially 
correct," and " will exhibit a general view of the business of the 
city, the greater portion of which consists of its own manufac- 
tured articles." 

Boot and Shoe Jlanufacturer.s. This branch of 
trade has always been very extensive 

Hat Manufacturers ' 

Carriajies of every description—, railroad 
cars. Jtc. Some" of these establishments are very 

Saddles, harness, whips, &c 

Clothin>j busincs.s — manufactured for the Southern 

TanninK and Currvinj^ The principal portion of 
this business is done in the Swamps in Market 

Coach-axles, springs, door-locks, brass mountings, 

Coach-lacc, tas.sels, fringe, &c 

Oil-silk, patent leather, malleable iron, cver.v variety 
of casting used by coachmakers, machinists, &c. 
The ctillection cons'ists of more than 1,000 plain and 
ornamental patterns now in use 

Cabinet dti 

Jewelry dt> 

Frunk and Chair do 

Silverplatin^ do and Klind do 

Coal Trade. This business has been extensive the 

f)ast year 
1 other manufacturers, comprising many diflFcrenl 
branches, mav be fairlv estimated at....' 
























In 1861 the value of the manufactured products of the eity had 
swelled to the sum of over $23,000,000. The Civil War scarcely in- 
terrupted the industrial activity and prosperity of the city, which 
was kept busy during the entire period of its continuance in 
manufacturing for the Union armies small arms, accoutrements, 
saddlery, harness, clothing, &c., &c. But the close of the war 
witnessed a wonderful increase of prosperity, and the growth of 
the city's manufactures was marvelous, both in volume and 
variety. So v:ist and varied became the products of the city's 
teeming brains and skilled hands that the idea occu.-red to a few 
enterprising and far-sighted citizens of still further advancing 
the city's business and manufacturing interests by giving an ex- 
hibition of all its varied manufactured products. After an agita- 
tion lasting some time, the idea finally crystallized into action, 
and the " Industrial Exhibition " was opened in the old Rink build- 
ing, on Washington street, on August 20, 1S72. The exhibit was 
confined entirely to goods of Newark manufacture, and proved a 
complete triumph for its projectors. Six hundred and ten exhibi- 
tors were represented, no premiums had been offered and 
no extra inducements held out to prevail upon them to exhibit 
their products. The exhibit was a eimiplete surprise, not only to 
the city itself, but to the entire country. Visitors came from far 
and near, and the President of the United States himself honored 
the exhibition with his presence and praise. (Jther dignitaries fol- 
lowed in his train, and no less than 130,000 citizens thronged 
through its gates during the fifty-two days they were kept open. 

In spite of financial depressions and commercial panics, the 
city has continued, with but slight interruption, 
to enlarge its industrial borders and multiply 
its products during the nearly a score of 
years since the holding of the Industrial 
Exhibition, which was in 1S72 its wonder 
and its boast. 



AVING made an effort in the pre- 
ceding chapters of this work to set 
forth simply and briefly the ear- 
lier history of the city of Newark 
from its settlement to the present 
time, it will be the purpose of 
I the following pages to exhibit and 
illustrate the city as it is to-day 
— its government, its public insti- 
tutions and charities, its schools 
and academies, its churches, its 
homes, its manufactories and work 
shops — in short, all the varied ac- 
tivities, interests and enterprises 
which make it a great, busy and 
flourishing manufacturing city, 
the proud home and splendid embodiment of intelligence and 

The city is finely situated on the steel high roads between the 
great cities of New York and Philadelphia, and on the Passaic 
River. Its transportation facilities by railroad and water are un- 
equalled. It is less than thirty minutes from the city of New 
York by rail, and about an hour by water. Five railroads and 
trains innumerable each day, transport its passengers and its 
goods to and from the great metropolis, and to and from all the 
countries and cities of the world. 

The territorial jurisdiction of the city embraces an area of 
i8 square miles. Its improved streets aggregate a length of 
194 miles, of which 53 miles are paved, and its sewers a length of 
i)S}4 miles. It has a combined area of 76 acres in parks. And 
it now has a supply of water which for purity, wholesomeness, 
sweetness and abundance, is absolutely imequalled. 

As the birds-eye views of the city reproduced in this work 
show, the large territory embraced within the city's limits 
is well built upon, but not overcrowded. The salt marshes 
or meadows in the southeastern portion of the city, are as yet 
sparsely occupied by either dwellings or factories, but 
even here business and manufacturing enterprise is draining and 
reclaiming the marsh, and buildings and dwellings are multiply- 

The innumerable factories in the city are almost without excep- 
tion well and strongly built, finely ventilated and lighted, and are 

excellent examples of factory and mill architecture. The dwell- 
ing houses evince the prosperity and thrift of the inhabitants, 
who as a rule are well and comfortably housed, while many of the 
larger dwellings, as the illustrations of the handsome homes of 
the city given in this work will show, are models of comfort, con- 
venience and beauty. 

The population of the city, according to the United States cen- 
sus of i8go, was 181,518. But according to a census taken by 
the city authorities a few months later it was 193,055. It is more 
than probable that the latter figures are the correct ones, as the 
city census was taken by tax assessors familiar with every locality 
and with almost every inhabitant in their respective districts. 
At the present time it is probable that the population of the city 
exceeds 200,000, as the growth of the city in every direction since 
the United States and the city censuses were taken has been 
marvelously rapid. In 1890 a grand total of 1,554 new buildings 
were erected within the city limits, of which 1,238 were dwellings; 
while in i8gi, the number of new buildings was dotibtless 
equally large if not larger. As these new buildings are, almost 
without exception, occupied immediately upon their completion, 
these figures show a large increase in the popidation of the city 
within the last year and a half. 

The future growth and prosperity of the city is assured, and 
will be continuous, steady and vast. New manufacturing indus- 
tries are constantly being attracted to the city by its magnificent 
facilities for production and transportation, the reasonable prices 
and rents asked for lands and factories, the low tax rate and the 
jierfect police and fire protection which the city affords. And 
with this constant accession of new industries and enterprises, 
comes a vast and steady- flowing stream of workmen and their 
families, certain of employment, present comfort and future 
competence. In addition to all these, there is a large overflow 
every year from the city of New York of those who look for 
cheaper and quieter homes than the great metropolis can furnish. 
Moreover, the industries of the city are so diversified that no 
depression in any one industry can materiallj' interfere with the 
general growth and prosperity of the town. Altogether, it seems 
safe to predict that the cit)' of Newark will at no very distant day 
be the largest and most flourishing manufacturing city in the 
United States, if not in the world. 

The city is both well and cheaply governed. The tax rate for 
the year 1891 was only $1.82 upon each $100 of assessed valuation, 

.veii:^a'a; x. /., illustrated. 


and this included the county as well as the city rate. The 
assessed valuation of property within the city for taxable pur- 
poses was in 1S91 as follows : 

Real estate $ 88,729,950 

Personal properly 25,265,475 

Making a total of ..$113,995,425 

I \\ II \ 1. 1.. 

which was an over the a.ssessed valuations 
for 1889 of $11, 790, 821. The credit of the city can 
scarcely be surpassed. The management <if its finances 
is honest, conservative and wise ; and allhfmgh public 
improvements are being constantly carried on, and 
there is never any pause in the efforts of the municipal 
authorities to improve, beautify and adorn the city, yet 
all these public works are carried on and managed in so 
wise and skillful a manner that the burden of paying 
for them is scarcely felt by the ta.xpayers. So excellent 
is the credit of the city that it has no difficulty in ])Iacing 
such bonds as it finds it necessary to issue, at 4 and 4!^ 
per cent. 

The inhabitants of the city are in the main enterpris- 
ing, industrious, thrifty and prosperous. Considering 
the size of the city, such poverty as exists within its 
borders is almost insignificant. There is employment 
for all who are able and willing to work, and at fair 
wages, so that none, except those stricken by di.saster 
or disease, need know the name of want. And for 
these unfortunate and distressed charity is liberal and 

In order to give a complete view of the city in all its 
interests, it is deemed necessary to give a detailed 
account of the city government in all its various 
branches. This seems naturally to follow at this time 
before an effort is made to exhibit the great industrial, 
financial and other activities of the city. 

The city was first incorporated by the name of " The 
Mayor and Common Council of the City of Newark," 
and this name has never been changed in all the subse- 
quent legislation relating to the city and its government, 
although many changes have been made in the powers, 
duties and responsibilities of these officers. 

The Mayor of the city at present is Joseph E. Haynes, 
who has held the office for the past eight years, or for 
four terms of two years each. His staff, or, if it may 

be so styled, the executive department of the city government, 
is very limited in its extent and personnel. The Mayor is allowed 
a private secretary and one additional clerk, and, in addition, 
a police officer is detailed to stand guard at the executive door 
during office hours, and to act as Mayor's messenger. Not an 
imposing staff, truly, but with it the Mayor of this great city 
must needs be content. During the absence of the Mayor from 
the city the executive, duties devolve upon the President of the 
Common Council. 

in times past the Common Council was a proud and important 
body. Almost all the patronage of the city was exercised by it, 
and the key of the city treasury was in its hands. Nearly all the 
city officials were elected or appointed by it. Policemen, firemen 
and lesser heroes were named and practically appointed by the 
aldermen of the various wards, and consequently, an alderman in 
his ward was a great and mighty man. In those days to be an 
alderman was to be a king. But times have changed and alder- 
men have changed with them. The Common Council has been 
shorn of almost all its patronage and power, and an alderman is 
no longer the great and mighty ruler that he was. Independent 
commissions control the police, fire, health and other departments, 
and the entire field of Public Works has been transferred to a new 
and independent board. The Common Council has now but 
little to do besides making the annual appropriations demanded 
by the various commissions. 

The Common Council, as the Board of Aldermen is styled, is 
composed at present of thirty members, two aldermen being 
elected from each of the fifteen wards into which the city was 
until February, 1S92. divided. At a meeting of the Common 
Council held February 5, 1S92, an ordinance was ])assed dividing 
the city into nine wards or districts, and providing that here- 
after but one alderman should be elected from each of these 
nine districts. The aldermen composing the present lio.Trd are 

.^ <:^ 

^ - 




ist. LVMAN K. Kank. 

2nd. Uaniei. Lynch, 

3rd. Frank M. Pakkkk, 

4th. Joseph P. Henderson, 

5th. Frederick Bcrcw'.ssek, 

6th. John H. Ihi'.c.Ei.. 

Edward F. McCormack, 
Frederick E. Seieer. 


Edward Goeeeer. 
John H. Eev. 

Wll 1,1 \M Si IIAEI'EK. 

ing. The permanency of the force, thus assured, permits the 
attainment of perfect discipline and efficiency, and the police 
department of the city of Newark as it exists to-day, is in these 
respects e<|ualled by very few, if excelled by any. The police 
force numbered in iSgr, 261 officers and men, officered by a 
superintendent, a chief, four captains, and the necessary suliordi- 


7th. John F. M.\iian, 

8th. Ei.E\> (i. Hei.i.ek, 

gth. Ale.xander H. Joiinsdn, 

loth. Geor<:e H. Larle, 

nth. John A. Firman, 

I2th. WlEEl AM Hakri(;an, 

13th. Peter Ulrich, 

14th. William Stainsbv, 

15th. Dennis F. CIevanev, 

James Fitzsimmi>ns. 
w \ i son r\ no. 
J.VMEs A. Arnold. 
Terence SiMitii. 
John Haisman. 


Ferdinand Freiensehner. 
Frederick F. Bioren. 


The most powerful of these commissions is the newly-created 
" Board of Street and Water Commissioners," appointed by the 
Mayor, under authority of an act of the Legislature passed in 
1891. The first members of this board, appointed by the Mayor 
in the spring of 1891, were James Smith, Jr., Dr. Hugh C. Hendry, 
Thomas Harlan, Reuben Trier and Ferdinand A. Hahn. The 
board was organized by the election of James Smith, Jr., to be its 
president, and Enos Runyon its clerk ; Charles Marsh, superin- 
tendent of works, and Edward L. Price, counsel. The powers of 
this new board are very sweeping. It is " to lay out, open, grade, 
alter, vacate or change the lines of streets," &c. ; "to pave, 
re-pave, repair, improve or clean streets," &c. ; "to make any 
street, highway or sewer constructions," Src; "to control and 
regulate the use and occupation of the streets, &c.; remove by 
contract ashes, <S:c.; control, operate, &c. , the public water 
supply, and collect water rents and charges ; control, &c., public 
parks and places, public docks," &c., (S:c. 

The Police Commissioners are appointed by the Mayor and 
form a non-partisan body, two of their number being chosen from 
each of the great political parties. The present Police Commis- 
sioners are John W. Strahan, Edward Maher, Henry Dilly and 
Osceola Currier. The Secretary of the Board is Joseph M. Cox. 
This board has the control and management of the Police Depart- 
ment, but can only remove a police official for cause, after hear- 



nate officers. For police purposes the 
city is divided into four precincts, the 
first being under the command of 
Capt. Michael Corbitt : the second 
under the command of Capt. Andrew 
J. McManus ; the third under the 
command of Capt. William P. 
Daly ; and the fourth under the com- 
mand of Capt. Charles Glori. The 
Superintendent of Police, an office 
created by the Legislature of iSgi, is 
William H. Brown, and the Chief of 
Police is Henrj- Hopper. 

The Board of Fire Commissioners 
is also appointed by the Mayor, and 
is likewise a non-partisan body. The 
present Fire Commissioners are 
Edward Schickhaus, Marcus L. 
L)e Voursney, Henry R. Baker and 
Hugh Kinnard. The Superintendent 
of the Fire Department is William C. 
Astley, and the Chief of the Fire 
Department is Robert Kiersted. The 
department possesses eleven steam 
fire engines, three hook and ladder 
companies, and one chemical engine. 
It has an elaborate and complete fire- 
alarm telegraph system, and fire- 
alarm signal bo.xes, so that a tire in 
any part of the city may be reached 
by the tire engines at once. In 
addition to the engines maintained by 
the Fire Department of the city, the 
Board of Fire Underwriters maintain 
a Salvage Corps, whose duties are 
sufficiently indicated by its name. 
The city is thus amply and efficiently 
I^rotected from fire. 

The Board of Assessment and 
Revision of Taxes is also appointed *• Ji i>si>n ci.xkk, 

by the Mayor. Its duties are to make all assessments of all prop- 
erty within the city for ta.xable purposes, to keep proper records 
thereof, to revise the same whenever necessary, and to hear and 
determine all appeals from citizens in matters of taxation. The 
present members of this board are Philip Lowy, Henry (J. Darcy, 
Marcus S. Richards, Paul W. Roder and Owen F. Conlon. The 
Secretary of the Board is John J. Berrv. 

The Commissioners of the Sinkiog Fund are Robert F. 
Ballantine, Frederick Frelinghuysen, Frederick H. Teese, and 
the Mayor and Comptroller exofficio. The Sinking Fund is 
intended to meet the various issues of city bonds as they respect- 
ively fall due, and these Commissioners have charge of the 
investment of the funds intrusted to their charge until such times 
as they are needed for the purpose of meeting and retiring bonds. 

The Board of Excise Commissioners have charge of the grant- 
ing of licenses for the sale of spirituous and malt liquors and 
wines within the city limits. They are at present, Herman 
Schalk, Abraham Jenkinson and Peter Grace. 

The Health Department is possessed, under recent legislation, 
of very ample powers for the care and protecticm of the public 
health of the citv. The present members of the Board of Health 
are Tyler Parnily, Dr. H. C. H. Herold, Dr. Charles M. Zeh, 
Alexander H. Johnson, Moses Strauss, William B. Guild, S. S. 
Sargeant, Edward Dunn and Dr. F. B. Mandeville. The Health 
Officer is Dr. Charles Lehlbach, Jr. 

The Trustees of the City Home are the Mayor, e.x-offtcio, 
Augustus Dusenberry, Dr. John B. Richmond, Dennis F. Olvaney, 
Elvin W. Crane, Dr. Edward J. Ill and George W. Vernet. The 
City Home is a reformatory institution for wa)-ward and truant 
children, and its discipline is intended to lead them back and 
accustom them to walk in ways of usefulness and sobriety. 


The Directors of the City Hospital are Cortlandt Parker, Henry 
Lang, David II. Barnet, Philip W. Cross, George A. Halsey, 
Jrihn Ilogan, J. Ward WoodrulT, Dr. P. V. P. Hewlett George 
R. Kent, and the Mayor, the President of Common Council and 
Chairman of Finance Committee, c.x-officio. They control and 
direct the hospital maintained by the city for its suffering poor, 
and also maintain at the hospital a training school for nurses. 

The Free Public Library of the city is managed by a board of 
trustees which is at present composed of Frederick H. Teese, L. 
Spencer Goble, James Peabody, Edward H. Duryee and Samuel 
J. Macdonald, besides the Mayor and the Superintendent of Public 
Schools, ex-officio. The Free Library is splendidly housed and 
elegantly equipped. It contains a library of almost 30,000 books, 
besides a reading-room furnished with one of the most complete 
lists of newspapers and periodicals, domestic and foreign, in this 
country. Delivery stations (since abandoned) have been establish- 
ed by the Trustees in the various outlying districts of the city, so 
that the librarj- is practically brought home to all. The Librarian 
at present is Frank P. Hill, a trained and experienced librarian. 

The various other officers of the city, and heads of departments, 
are as follows : City Counsel, Joseph Coult ; City Attorney, 
Frank C. Willcox : Comptroller, James F. Connelly ; Treasurer 
George W. Howell ; Auditor of Accounts, Fernando C. 
Runyon ; Clerk, Samuel H. Pemberton ; Receiver of Taxes, A. 
Judson Clark ; Surveyor, Ernest Adam. These officers perform 
the duties which the titles of their various offices indicate. 

The city also maintains two District Courts, so called, which 
are for the hearing and determination of small causes and actions 
between landlords and tenants. The Judge of the First District 
Court is Hon. John (i. Trusdell, and the Judge of the Second 




District Court is Hon. Thomas S. Henry. The Board of Educa- 
tion, which has the control and management of the schools of 
the city, will be noticed in the chapter relating to schools, 
and the financial institutions, manufactories, etc., of the city in 
various appropriate chapters. 

The city of Newark is the county seat of Essex county. New 
Jersey, a large and populous county. This brings within the city 
the several county officials, some of whom, indeed, are bette." 
known than some of the city officials. The principal cotmty 


officials are: David A. Depue, Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court and Judge of the Essex County Circuit Court ; Andrew 
Kirkpatrick, Judge of the Essex County Common Pleas Court, 
Orphans' Court, Special Sessions, Quarter Sessions and Oyer and 
Terminer Courts ; Michael J. Ledwith and Dr. Charles M. 
Buttner, Associate Judges of the last named courts ; Jacob 
Haussling, Sheriff, and George M. Titus, Under Sheriff ; County 
Clerk, Samuel A. Smith ; Surrogate, John B. Dusenberry ; 
Register of Deeds, Richard E. Cogan ; Prosecutor of the Pleas, 





or District Attorney, Elvin W. Crane ; Collector and Treasurer. 
Thomas J. Regan : Auditor. Hugo (leissele. 

Newark is also a port of entry of the United States, having 
been so created in the year i"i34. The United States (Jovernnient, 
therefore, maintains a Custom-house here, in addition to its 
Internal Revenue Collector's department, Pc)st-( )ffice, etc. The 
Collector of the Fort of Newark is Kli H. Reynolds, his deputy, 
William J. Martin. The Collector of Internal Revenue for the 
district in which Newark is included, is (ieorge H. Large ; 
Deputy Collector. Samuel V. S. I'.rucn. All lhe^e gentlemen 

ii^ r^ n^Kl.K^^-LK. ALLiLKMaN, VUl UAKh. 

have their offices in the Post-Office building. The Postmaster of 
Newark is Edward L. Conklin ; Assistant Postmaster, William 
F. Utter. 


Nine bridges span the Passaic River at Newark, and a tenth is 
projected and will no doubt be erected within a short time. 
Three of these bridges are for the accommodation of vehicles and 
foot passengers ; the other six are viaducts owned and used by 
the various railroads which enter the city. Two of the railroad 
viaducts furnish accommodation also for foot passengers, so that 



^^£]f'JJ^A'. X. /., II.LL'STRATED. 


pedestrians may avail themselves of the conveniences of live 
bridges when desirous of crossing to the other bank of the 
Passaic. Of the three bridges open to public travel, two are 
owned and maintained by the counties of Essex and Hudson 
jointly, and are free bridges ; the third is owned by the Newark 
Plank Road Company, which still exacts toll from those who cross 
it. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company owns two of the 
railroad \-iaducts — those at Market street and at Centre street 
respectively — and the Central Railroad Company, the Delaware, 
Lackawanna and Western Railroad Company, the Erie Railwav 


Company and the Xew York and Greenwood Lake Railway own 
one each. 

The first of these bridges to be constructed was the one crossing 
from the foot of Bridge street to the town of Harrison, now known 
as the " Newark free bridge." It was formerly the property of a 
turnpike company operating a turnpike from Newark to Jersey 
Chy, and could be crossed onl)- upon the payment of toll. In 
1S72 it was purchased by the counties of Essex and Hudson, 
under authority of an act of the Legislature, for the sum of 
§70,000, each county pa\-ing one-half of this amount. A few 


liENEDR r l_LKi>_H. Ai-DLKMAN. i;lH WAKl'. 



years later, in 1880, it was replaced by a handsome iron bridge, 
erected by the two counties jointly at a cost of Siis.'xxi. 

The " Plank road ' bridge, as it is commonly culled, crosses the 
river at the foot of Ferry street. It is still the property of the 
Newark Plank Road Company, and toll is exacted by that com- 
pany of those who cross it. It is used verj- largely by teamsters 
passing between Newark and New York, and it is imly a question 
of a ver)- short time when it must be purchased by the two 
counties of Essex and Hudson, replaced by a substantial iron 
structure, and made free. It is not now a credit to the ci:v. 

JO>EI'll r. IIEM.EK;!,;.. .v.. Li■.^A^•. 4III WARD. 

although it is undoubtedly highly profitable to the company 
owning it. 

The second free bridge crosses the river at the foot of Clay 
street, connecting Newark with the township of Kearny. It was 
built by the two counties of Essex and Hud-son at an expense of 
S75.<Joo, and is a very substantial and commodious iron bridge, 
resting upon stone piers and abutments. An electric street 
railway will soon cross this bridge connecting Newark through 
Kearny with Arlingt<m. As there are several very large mills in 
Kearny this bridge is of the ver\- highest convenience, both to 






tile manufactui'urs' heavy teams, and also to the operatives, many of 
whom reside, and almost all of whom do their shopping, in Newark. 

Another free bridge is projected, to cross the river at a point 
lower down, and connect the lower part of the city with the town 
of Harrison. This would open up the development of both sides 
of the river, especially the Harrison side, and would save teams 
and passengers coming from the east of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road a long round-about journey to the free bridges at Bridge or 
Clay streets. 

It is a question of but a few years when the Passaic river will 
be spanned \)\ free bridges, connecting every part of the city 

along its right bank with the bank opposite. And this will 
undoubtedly effect in a short time the annexation of the towns of 
Harrison and Kearny, to Newark. An agitation looking toward 
this end has been on foot for a considerable time among the 
citizens of Harrison and Kearny, and committees have been 
appointed to secure the necessary legislation, and it is without 
doubt safe to prophesy that before many years have elapsed, the 
city of Newark will spread out on both banks of the Passaic, a 
great manufacturing city, of magnificent proportions and popula- 
tion, embracing a territorial area, exceeded by that of very few 
of the great cities of the world. 






ItH. L. M. /.KH. 



PROBABLY no tiepartment of the city government is better 
equipped for the performance i^f its miportant duties than 
the Health Board, and perhai)s none, where the ample powers 
conferred by the State I-egislature are exercised, with greater 

discretion. Its chief function being the maintenance of tlic pub- 
lic health, it is little wonder that the law-making powers clothed 
this board with authority akin to extraordinary, for often in the 
work of seeking out the lurking places of (ilth, purposely concealed 






by the ignorant or such as are viciously inclined, the strong hand 
of the law must needs becalled in as an efficient helper. It needs 
no other evidence to satisfy the most inquisitive of the general 
healthfulness of the city of Newark than data furnished by the 
Health Board. The low death rate, the very great freedom of the 
city from epidemics, or endemics, shows very plainly the fact of 
the faithful performance of duties by the Board itself, and the 
efficiency of its officers, agents and inspectors, to whom is entrusted 
the work in detail. 

The abundant supply of pure mountain spring water flcnving 
through the streets and into the domiciles of the citizens is doing 
much to aid the Health Board in the great work of making New- 
ark the cleanliest and healthiest city in the country. It has many 
other advantages which are wonderful helpmates to cleanliness 

and consequent healthfulness. Among these location is all im- 
portant. Just far enough from the sea to have the air sufficiently 
charged with salt as to make it wholesome, and close to the Pas- 
saic River and Newark Bay, great natural channels which serve as 
main outlets for the hundreds of sewers forming a perfect net-work 
under the streets of the city and carrying all the sewerage matter 
awaj- to sea. Then the rolling nature of the ground upon which 
the city is built — foot-hills indeed of the Orange Mountains which 
skirt its western boundary — giving to a large proportion of its 
people not only a beautiful mountain scenery upon which the eye 
can dwell with satisfaction, but to their building plots as the hills 
recede to the river and sea, a drainage by nature unsurpassed by 
any city in the country. 






ff^S^^ _ IlK citizens of Newark are modestly proud of 
'V.. — aK5i\ '^* discipline and efficiency of the Police 
^ K^^ Department of the city. In these respects 
^S T J^ it falls little, if any, short of those which are 
*^ acknowledjjed to be foremost. Takinj; into 

consideration the limited means at the disposal 
of the Board of Police Commissioners, the 
liigh standard of excellency attained by the 
department, and the well-nigh perfection of 
the equipments and appliances, speak volumes 
in praise of the ability and integrity of the Commissioners and 
the skill and fidelitj- of the officers and men of the department. 
The conservatism and economy of the Common Council of the 
city, which makes the appropriations for this as well as almost 
all the departments of the city government, the charter limitation 
of the municipal expenditures, and the persistent and politic 
desire of the appropriating power to keep the annual tax rate 
in the city as low as possible — all these causes o])erate to keep 
the appropriations for police purposes within the narrowest 
possible limits. Consequently the growth of the police force in 
point of size has not kept pace with the rapid growth of the city 
in po])ulation and area. The intelligent citizen who deems it 
his duty to inform himself U]x>n municipal affairs, cannot fail 
but be convinced that our police force is insufficient in numliers 
for so large a city. He can only hope that in the very near future 
this deficiency shall be supplied, and in the meantime congratu- 
late himself and the city upon the hearty, enthusiastic and 

efficient services rendered by these gallant guardians of the 
public safety. 

Under the charter of the city, the Common Council was given 
the right " to establish, organize and control a day and night 
police, and to regulate and define the manner of their appoint- 
ment and removal, their duties and their compensation." This 
ixiwer the Common Council employed to establish the Police 
Department and, mainly through its Police Committee, to regu- 
late it. Appointments to the force being in the hands of the 
Aldermen and the Police Committee, and there being no restric- 
tions upon the power of the Common Council to remove from the 
force for political or other reasons, it came about naturally that 
appointments were often the rewards of party service, and 
removals the penalty of adhering to the vanquished party. This 
condition finally l>ecame notori<ms and the Police Department 
suffered not alone in discipline and efficiency, but also in the lack 
of respect entertained for it by the community at large. At 
length those interested in the welfare and progress of the city 
sought to devise a remedy for these evils, and the result of their 
efforts was the passage, in the year eighteen hundred and eighty- 
five, by the Legislature of the State, of an act entitled " An Act 
to remove the fire and police departments in the cities of this 
State from political control." 

This act provided that, in each of the cities in the State which 
should elect to ado]jt its provisions, a Board of Police Commis- 
sioners should be nominated by the Mayor and confirmed by the 
Common Council. This Board was to consist of four members, 






" two of whom shall be selected from each of the two political appointed. This Board was directed to make detailed reports to 

parties, which shall have cast or polled the greatest number of the Common Council monthly, and the Common Council was 

votes at the last preceding municipal election." This of course, given power to expel any member of the Board " on good cause 

meant that, at least at the time of the first appointment of the shown, and after a trial of such Commissioner before such 

Commissioners, two Democrats and two Republicans should be Common Council." 



X/-:irARK. .v. /., ILLUSTRATED. 


UILIIA.M H. I'.ROUN, St l-EKI S I EN fK-S 1 '<V I'MLli E 


Subject to such super%Msion lln.- Hm;iii1 «.i> i^ivcn the entire 
cuntrol of the Police Department, and the power of appointment 
thereto and removal therefrom. Removals, however, were only 
to be made for j;ood cause and after trial, and never for political 
reasons. This act was adopted m Newark by an almost unani- 
mous popular vote. 

The result of this wise lejjislation has been the almost, if not 
entirely, complete emancipation of the Police Department 
of the city from the shackles of partisanship, and a gradual 
and steady improvement in the discipline and efficiency of the 
force. Officers and men now realize that their term of office 
does not depend upon the favor or displeasure of some petty 
ward " boss," or upon the strength and reach of their political 

" pull," but solely upon their ca|)al>ilities and their fidelity to 
duty. They are therefore, u]X)n their good behavior. They have 
the time and the confidence in the permanency of the terms of 
their offices to study the responsibilities and duties of their 
respective positions, and to consider how the efficiency and the 
discipline of the department may be elevated and improved. It is 
safe to say that no thoughtful citizen, however strong a partisan 
politically, would now have the old methods of control of the 
Police Department reinstated. 

The State Legislature of 1S91 passed an act providing for the 
appointments of Superintendents of the Police Departments in 
cities of the first class in the State, meaning Jersey City and 
Newark. The act provided for the appointment of such 




9p7 •-« » • 


^-'^ .A_iit: Uj/* A.v< 






Superintendent by the Mayor of the city, and that when have charge and command of the Police Department respectively 

appointed he should hold office during good behavior, and be of such city, above and superior to all the other officers thereof, 

removable " only for cause after trial.' Such Superintendents. Under the authority of this act, the Mayor appointed ex-Sheriff 

under the direction of the Police Boards of such cities, were to William H. Brown, the genial and popular president of th; Joel 






Parkt-r Associati'm, Supcrinuinicnt tnr the Pdicc Department. 
This gentleman was widely and well known ihrimghnut the 
city, of excellent standing and reputatinn. and consequently 
the Superintendent was well received by the citizens at large. 

According to the annual report of the Board of Police Commis- 
sioners to the Common Council for the year iSiji. bearing date 
January i, 1S92, the number of men constituting the police force 
at that date was two hundred and forty-eight, and all other 
officers and employees of the department fifteen, making the 
total strength of the department, including the Board of Commis- 
sioners, two hundred and sixty-three. Not a very imjjosing or 
extravagant array surely, for a city containing a population of 
two hundred thousand. 

01 this number ninety-five are made up of Commissioners, 
officers, detectives, employees, '•cliancenien" and detailed men, 
leaving the number of patrolmen only one hundred and sixty- 
eight. This is manifestly an insufficient number of men to 
properly patrol and guard the city. A city of the large area and 
great population of Newark should properly have twice that 

The members of the Board of Police Commissioners for the 
year 1892, are John W. Strahan. Henry Dilly, Edward Maher, 
and Osceola Currier. The President of the Board is Commis- 
sioner Strahan and the Secretary Joseph M Cox. 

Connected with the Police Department are three Police Courts, 
now known, by authority of an act ])assed by the Legislature of 







1S92. as the First, Second and Third Criminal Courts. Howard Preisel of the Third. The clerks of these Courts are John J. 
W. Ha^-es, a counsellor at law, is Judge of the First Criminal Bertram, William Lomax, Jr., and John P. Fannan, of the First, 
Court, Redmond P. Conlon of the Second, and Frederick C. Second and Third, respectivel)-. 

- -a. 



i > 



-:->^ IHl-: liOARD OK KTRE COM M I tSSIO.N i: K>> •'<- 

< > 


u M. n. VAN Ilia 1 Lis. 





EVERY citizen is justly proud of the Fire Department of the 
city. In respect to discipline, efficiency, promptitude, ardor 
and fidelity, it is not surpassed by any fire department in any 
city. It is sufficient evidence of the competence and efficiency 
of the city's fire department to adduce the fact that for many 
years the city has not suffered from any large or extensive fire, 
although there have been many fires which would unquestionably 
have developed mto vast conflagrations had they not been 
promptly and skillfullj^ combatted and checked. An alarm of 
fire being given, firemen and engines are at the spot almost with 
the suddenness of a fair\^ tale, not only to check and extinguish 
the fire, but also to protect and save surrounding property. 

The report of the Superintendent of the Fire Department, Mr. 
William C. Astley, bearing date Januarj? i , i S92 , shows that at that 
date the total manual force of the department was one hundred 
and thirty-eight men. The apparatus in use by the department 


consisted of nine second-class steam fire engines, three third-class 
steam five engines, twelve four-wheeled hose wagons, tenders to 
steamers, three four-wheeled hose carriages, tenders to steamers, 
one aerial hook and ladder truck, two trestle, side hook and ladder 
trucks, three chemical engines, seventeen wagons for use of 
officers and for exercise of horses and one two-wheeled gig. The 
department also has reserve apparatus as follows : Two second- 
class steam fire engines, four four-wheeled hose carriages and one 
trestle-side hook and ladder truck. 







The cost of maintaining the Kire Departmunt during the year 
iSgi was S175.171.S8, certainly not an extravagant sum for a city 
as large as Newark. 

The members of the Board <if Commissioners of the Fire 
Department are Henry R. Baker. President. Edward Schickhaus, 
Hugh Kinnard and James H. 
Van Houten. The Secretary of 
the Board is Horace H. Brown. 

The Salvage Ci>q>s is independ- 
ent of the Fire Department, but 
may properly be mentioned here 
as part of the fire-fighting force 
of the city. It was organized 
twelve years ago by the L'nder- 
writers' Protective Association, 
to protect and save from fire and 
water, as far as possible, property 
and goods which might otherwise 
be entirely or partly ruined. 

The citizens of Newark can 
feel that the money they expend 
in the maintenance of their Fire 
Department is not wasted or 
thrown awaj-. They get their 
money's worth every day. There 
are fires, indeed, still occurr- 
ing, but they are fought and ex- 
tinguished so promptly that the 
consequent damage is simply 
trifling where, but for the skill and 
efficiency of the firemen, it would 
certainly be enormous. 

Too much can scarcely be said 
of the dangers often undergone in 
the discharge of their duties by 
firemen. Their devotion to duty 
in emergencies is never measured 
by the size of their pay but only 

by the necessity of the case. Not until some fireman loses his life 
in the discharge of his duty, does the careless public awaken to a 
sense of the dangers of their calling and the heroism they display. 
But every day without blare of trumpet or blazon of fame, equally 
heroic deeds are done bv these brave and fearless men. 



LTIIOUGH the pride of the ordinary Newarker 
cannot point admiringly or with exviltant 
finger at the ancient pile known as the Essex 
County Court House and its Hall of Records 
close 1)V, 

he can 
boast with- 
out fear of 

gainsayi n g the 

fact that as pure 

and well learned 
a judiciary hold courts in the 
one, and as wide awake and 
far-seeing a recording corps 
keep the records in the other, 
as can be found in any shire 
town in the State or Nation. 
In the Court house are the 
business offices of the several 
county officials, as well as the 
Circuit Court, and various 
County Court and Grand 
Jury Rooms. The Supreme 
Court Judge presiding in this 
Judicial District is the Hon. 

David A. Depue, who holds court in the south room, and has 
done so for the past score of years and upwards, and so well is he 
liked personally, and so eminently distinguished, and so evidently 
just and fair are his decisions, that he is very likely to remain 
upon the bench as long as his faculties hold and life lasts. 

In the north room sits Judge Andrew Kirkpatrick amid his 
associates. Judges Michael J. Ledwith and Carl F. Buttner, the 
one sttting upon the right and the other upon the left, and often 
helping the Judge to unravel some very knotty skeins of criminal 

or business justice. 

On entering the building 
the visitor is ushered into the 
offices of the popular County 
Surrogate, John B. Dusen- 
berry, whose father, the late 
lamented Henry T. Dusen- 
berry, was at one time County 
Clerk of Essex county. His 
assistants are Charles D. 
Hennion, C. Harry Guild, 
John J. Berry, Jr., and Miss 
Helen W. Van Ness. 

(_)n the opposite side of the 
corridor are the offices of the 
High Sheriff, Mr. Jacob 
Haussling, who is one of the 
most deservedly popular and 
efficient .sheriffs with which 
Essex county has been so 
liberally blessed in the past. 
His Under Sheriff, George M. Titus, was a rising young lawyer, 
who was fast winning laurels in his profession, but forsook them 
for the time being in order to help his friend Haussling adminis- 
ter the affairs of his high office. Sheriff Haussling has been 
peculiarly successful in the selection of his constabulary assistants. 

TRT lim sE. 



XEU'ARK. X. /., ri.I.l'STRATED. 


'■^ — 1.JTJ— 



On the same rtoor to the rear is fouml the office of the Clerk of <>l the County Auditor. Mujjo J (ieissele, and County Collector 

the County, Samuel A. Smith. One of Mr. Smith's predecessors Thomas J. Regan, polite and painstaking gentlemen with whom 

in this office was his father. Dr. William A. Smith, who has it is a pleasure to transact business. They are assisted in the 

lately departed this life full of honor and years. performance of their duties by Mr. Harry Housel, who has filled 

On the same floor, in the southeast corner, are found the offices his pi>sition acceptably for several years. 



1 . , 














On the same floor are also found the offices of the County 
Prosecutor, Elvin W. Crane, and his assistant, Louis Hood 
Next to and opening out of the Prosecutor's office is the Grand 
Jury room, where during each of the three stated terms of court 
held every year, twenty-three good men and true are gathered to 

khutx w. hine, ex-mii;riff. 

hear complaints, investigate the acts of wrongdoers, and find bills 
of mdictment against criminals and others. Timothy E. Scales is 
the popular and painstaking Clerk of the Grand Jury. 

The visitor is next ushered into the Hall of Records. On 
ascending the first short flight of stairs he finds double doors 
opening into the Hall of Records, where Richard E. Cogan pre- 
sides over the great volumes containing the public records of the 
county. Here goes on in a silence almost painful the work of 
recording the records as well as the recording of deeds, mortgages 
and other paper records of titles. 






Astcnding to the third storj' the hall is reached where the 
Board of Chosen Freeholders hold their monthly eonclave and 
lesnslate for the county. The Board formerly consisted of forty 
members but a recent law reduced the number to ten. Dr. Tiesler. 
of Orange, is Director, Joseph Atkinson is Clerk, and Fred. W. 
Stevens is Counsel of the Board. The Board is at present com- 
f)osed of the ff)llo\ving members: Patrick Lupton, J. J. Berry, 
Ellis R. Carhuff. Solomon Dejonge, John Scanlan. Thomas W. 
Kinsey, Owen A. Cahill. Cornelius Leary. Charles Winckler. 
James Peck. 


The Freeholders are selected from the seyeral Assembly 
districts in the county, the same as members of the State Legis- 
lature, and conduct the general business of the county, which is 
principally carried out by committees who report through the 
Chairman at the Board meeting, held once a month. 




A-/':ir.lA'A\ A'. /., ILLUSTRATED. 


The public institutions are the Ci)unty Penitentiary at Cald- 
well, the County Jail in Newark, and County Retreat or Insane 
Asylum on South Orange avenue. The Penitentiary is under the 
care of Warden John Murray, who is held responsible for the 
administration of the prison affairs. The committee having the 
care of this institution visit it twice every month. The County 
Jail is under the care of Jail Warden McMonagle, who takes his 
orders from the Prison Supply Committee, who meet twice a 
month at the Jail and Penitentiary. 

The Insane Asylum is under the care of the Committee on 
Lunacy of the Board of Freeholders. The Physician and Super- 
intendent is Dr. Livingston S. Hinrklej-. There are nearly five 
hundred patients in this institvrtion. 

A visitor to one and all of these county resorts of the sick and 
unfortunate is at once struck with the high degree of neatness 
and order seen everywhere, and the deep interest taken in the 
welfare of patients or prisoners is abundantly manifest to the 
most casual observer. 

But not until the Egytian pile at the head of Market street has 
gone the way of all things which have had their day, and a new 
Court House has been built, worthy in all respects of the great 
and growing county of Essex, will the smile of satisfaction light 
up the faces of a progressive people who have been striving for 
years to induce the Board of Freeholders to wake from their 
lethargy and build a new Court House. 

The Essex Countv Insane Asvlum. 

DURING the year of 1S71 there was only one State Asylum 
for the Insane, that of Trenton. The county of Essex 
maintained there no patients. The report was received by the 
Board of Freeholders to the effect that the Asylum there was so 
crowded that but few, if any more, patients could be received. 
The State Asylum at Morris Plains though nearly completed, 
was far from that point at which the)- could receive patients, so 
the question of obtaining an entrance to asylums in other States 
was discussed, and overtures were made to the authorities at 
Ward's Island, Blackwell's Island, New York, and as far away as 
the State Asylum at Vermont, without success. The Committee 
on Lunacy of the Board of Freeholders at that time were David 
J. Canfield, Wm. M. Freeman, Wm. Gorman, Melancthon Smith 

and Wm. Cadmus. In January, 1872, this committee reported 
that the exigencies of the situation required immediate relief, 
and in February they recommended to the Board to lease the 
property bounded by Camden and Bank streets and Fairmount 
avenue, and to erect suitable pavilions thereon for the temporary 
care of the insane. 

In 1872 the Lunacy Committee erected buildings ai: a cost of 
815,600 on the above site, which were opened for the reception of 
patients Aug 27, 1872. Fifteen patients were transported from 
the State Asylimi at Trenton, and nineteen were received from 
the Newark Almshouse. Major John Leonard was appointed 


jV£II'.4A'A-, .v. /., ILLUSTRATED. 

Mil 11 AKI. T. llAKRtTT, STATE aENATuK. 

>.KOKl.l. iV. kKICIUM, AS9LMK1.V.MAN. 

warden, and Dr. J. A. Cm.t.^ u.i^ elected to the position of 
physician. In 1S73 the asylum contained sixty patients. 

In 1S73 the Committee on Lunacy, composed of I). J. Canfield, 
Wm. Cadmus. Dr. David S. Smith. Ira II. Smith. D. M. Skinner 
and the director, Kdgar Farmer, reported t 1 the Hoard the 

necessity of procuring a permanent site for the erection of an 
asylum for future needs. July y, i,S74, various sites were reported 
to the Board for selection. During this year it was found 
necessary to enlarge the Camden Street Asylum at an expense 
of S7.000 to accommodate the number applying for admission. 


joiix XEiiiER. 





For the next two years matters progressed slowly in this ques- asvlum. The committee on site, after examining seven sets of 

tion, public sentiment being thoroughly weighed, and the Board plans, finally reported favorably upon the present one in iSSo. 
after ntmierous discussions, finally in 187S, when the Camden In :May, 1SS3, the Lunacy Committee reported 333 patients 

street register indicated that 200 patients were being cared at Camden Street Asylum and presented the overcrowded condi- 
for, decided to push the matter of building a permanent 






AI;NLK KAL1---11. '-■'LNsl-l.uK-A 1-l.AU. 

tion. recommending that addition be made to accommodate lOo 
more without delay. The new building had thus far cost S56.oo<i. 
and was far from completion to accommodate the patients at 
Camden Street Asylum. The warden reported during that year 
that to date, that by the adoption of county care for the insane, 
that Essex county had been saved up to date $243,895.58, com- 
pared with State Asylum charges. 

In 1SS3 the Grand ]\\x\. of which Leslie D. Ward was foreman, 
made a presentment advising better direct medical care of the 
insane in the County;Asvlum. 

At the September meeting, 1S84, James E. Howell introduced 
the resolution changing the system of internal management, /. e., 
placing a competent physician in full charge as superintendent, 
which was adopted. 

On November 9 the patients Vere removed from Camden street 
to the new building on South 
Orange avenue. 351 in all. 

On December 15, at the meeting 
of the Board, IJr. Livingston S. 
Hinckley was elected to the office 
of Superintendent and commenced 
the duties November 19, 1SS4. 
Since this time the asylum has 
grown to enormous proportions, 
the number of patients have in- 
creased to 570, and at this writing 
the final wing of the building 
which was added this year is Hear- 
ing completion. IJr. Hinckley's 
ten years' experience has been of 
benefit to this important charge, 
and the reputation of the asylum 
is very good. It is classed as a 
standard institution, its percentage 
of recoveries is very high and the 
mortality very low, and the people 
of Essex county are to be congrat- 
ulated in that, aside from caring 
for their insane at home, they are 
saved over fifty thousand dollars 
per year by the method. 

The Internal Kk\'knue Dehartmenx. 

SINCE the enactment by Congress of the law of July i, 1862, 
entitled "An act to provide Internal Revenue to support 
the Government and to pay interest on the public debt," the city 
of Newark has been the seat of one of the most important collec- 
tion agencies of the Government. 

When at the outset, the necessities of the Government required 
taxes from all possible sources, the State was sub divided into 
five collection districts, Newark being the headquarters of the 
" 5th." As from time to time the tax was removed from different 
articles, the number of the districts was reduced until now there 
are but two in the State. The First District with headquarters 
at Camden, and the Fifth with headquarters at Newark, all the 
others having been merged into the present Fifth District, while 

'' '■ -' 











internal taxes are collected from the manufacture and sale of 
fermented and distilled liquors, cigars, tobacco and oleomarga- 
rine, only. 

The Fifth District now comprises the counties of Essex, Union, 
Hudson, Passaic, Middlesex, Morris, Bergen, Sussex, Somerset, 
Warren and Hunterdon, with its main office in the Government 
building at Newark, an auxiliary office in Jersey City, and stamp 
selling deputies at Paterson, Millstone and Helmetta. 

The total collections of the district for the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1S91, were 84,005,411.71, of which §1 523,000 came from 
beer and $2,053,247 from tobacco ; the percentage of the total cost 
of the entire collections of the district amounting to the sum of 
$47,300.11, or i.iS 100 per cent. 

Of this vast sum the city of Newark and its immediate vicinity 
was a large contributor, with its eighteen breweries, its fourteen 
tobacco manufacturers, and its 21S cigar manufacturers. The 

brewing interests alone paying about Si ,000,000 in annual taxes. 

The force employed in the Newark olfice in addition to the 
Collector, consists of one chief deputy, a cashier, six deputy 
collectors, two clerks, a ganger and messenger. Of these Mr. S. 
V. .S. Bruen, the chief deputy, has occupied his present position 
for fourteen consecutive years, and by his executive ability and 
experience, has contributed largely toward maintaining the high 
grade the district has always sustained, both at Washington and 
with the patrons of the office. 

There have been seven different collectors since 1S62. as 
follows: D. M. Wilson, to October 31, 1S65 ; A. H. AVallis, to 
October 31, 1S66 ; G W. Thorn, to March 31, 1S67 : Jacob Weart, 
to June 19, 1S71 ; A. H. Wallis, re-appointed to May 20, 1S73 ; 
R. B. Hawthorne, to June 13, 1SS5 ; Samuel Klotz, to October 31, 
1S89, and George H. Large, who was appointed November i, 
18S9, and is now the Collector. 




HE new building, now in course of 
erection, in which the Post- 
Office Department, the Custom 
House and the Internal Rev- 
enue offices are to be accommo- 
dated, ha.s long been needed 
in the city. The old building, 
which occupied a portion of the 
site on which the new build- 
ing is being erected, was out- 
grown for a score of years before Congress could 
be made to appreciate that fact, and when it made 
the appropriation for a new post-office building 
here it made it so sparingly as to be insufficient. 
The new building will, however, be an ornament 
to the city, and no doubt provision will be made 
for the enlargement which will be required in a 
few years. 

The greater part of the civil and criminal busi- 
ness of the United States Courts which are held 
at Trenton, comes from Newark, Jersey City and 
the northern part of the State, and provision 
should be made for holding sessions of these 
courts in Newark. Court rmjms can easily be 
provided in the i:ew post-office building, and 
much time and expense can be saved suitors, wit- 
nesses and others in the northern part of the 
Suite having business in the United States Courts. 
This needed convenience will undoubtedly be 
afforded in a few years at the utmost, and the city 
may then feel that its growing necessities are 

TIIK NK.W I'liST >>rKI(K. 







recognized and provided for by the Federal Government, which 
has never been ver}- generous to this rapidly growing city. 

The present Postmaster of the city is Edward L. Conklin, who 
was appointed to this office in October, 18S9, by President Harri 
son. He has been very painstaking and faithful in the perform 
ance of his duties, and is always alive to the growing needs of. 
the department under his supervision, and to the wants of the 
large and busy community transmitting mail matter through his 

The financial matters pertaining to the office are ably taken 
care of by his assistant, William F. Utter, and as he had long 
experience in the Post-Office, he is well qualified to assist the Post- 
master in the management. 

The carriers' department is in charge of William .Saul as 
Superintendent, an old and tried employe, and one who knows 

what a carrier ought to do and how the cit}- should be served. 

The clerks are in charge of William F. Otis, as Superintendent. 
He also has charge of the newspaper and periodical matter, and to 
him is due the methods used to bring the clerks up to a better or 
more proficient standard in the distribution of such matter. 

The mailing department is presided over by James G. 
McKittrick, an old railway Post-Office clerk. His experience is of 
great benefit to the clerks, to whom they look for instructions. 

George Taylor is Superintendent of the registry- department, a 
position he has held fourteen }-ears. 

William L. Rabone is clerk in charge of the stamp depart- 
ment, and owing to the immense business done there, he has 
to be exceedingly careful and energetic. 

Mr. Conklin is tf> be congratulated on having such an efficient 
corps of employes. 




HE city of Newark is abundantly supplied with 
schools, public and private. Its tree public 
school system is probably equal in etTiciency to 
that of any city in the United States, and its 
standard is among the highest. The pupil in 
the public schools, entering at the most elcmen- 
tixry grade, is led on by easy and almost imper- 
ceptible stages, until he is either prepared for 
college, or for business life in case he does not 
desire academic training. Thoroughness is 
the inspiration and the aim of the system, and the watchword of the 

teachers. It is intended that the pupils shall know perfectly, 
from root to branch, such subjects as are taught in the schools, 
and such is the discipline and efficiency of the system that even 
the dullard and the laggard cannr)t but choose to learn. The 
public school system is very near to the hearts of the people of 
Newark, who are watchfully jealous of their rights and of the 
integrity and efficiency of the system. And their jealous care and 
watchful anxiety is naturally represented in the Board of Educa- 
tion, whom the people elect as their trustees to manage and direct 
the schools. This board is at present composed of thirty mem- 
bers, A list of the Commissioners is herewith given. They 



KE]l\-iKK, X. A, fl.l.rSTRATF.D. 

JOHN P. CliNlUl'-I.L, ;>Llii 



are : Henry J. Anderson, John P. Contrell, Charles Hood, William 
Johnson, Samuel H. Baldwin, Charles M. Russell, Charles F. 
Kraemer, Miles F. Quinn, John H. Manning, James P. McKenna, 
John B. Oelkers, John A. Loftus, Peter O'Brien, Matthew H. 
Thornton, Willam A. Clark, John E. Jones, William H. Dobbins, 
Joseph S. Vinson, Hugh McClynn, John O. Hunt, Peter J. Bab- 
cock, Edward H. Hamill, James Mullin, Henry C. Klemm, Gott- 
fried Joithe, George Saupe, L. Eugene Hollister, James L. Hays, 
Ferdinand Heichemer, Joseph S. Sutphen. 

The President of the Board of Education is ex-Senator James 
L. Hays ; Secretary, Mr. P. Lyndon Bryce ; Assistant Secretary. 
Mr. Elwood I. Shurts ; Superintendent of Erection and Repairs, 
William M. Freeman. 

The Board appoints a Superintendent of Public Schools who 

exercises a constant daily supervision over all the public schools 
in the city. This position has been ably and faithfully filled ior 
years by William N. Barringer, Pd. D. Each school is directly 
managed by a principal, who superintends and directs the subor- 
dinate teachers, and whose duty it is to report to the Superin- 
tendent and the Board any irregularity that may occur, and to 
suggest whatever improvements may be necessary or useful to 
the school under his charge. This constant supervision and un- 
wearying watchfulness ensure the maintenance of a high standard 
in the schools and keep them abreast of the progress of the time. 
The city expended for the maintenance of the public schools in 
the )'ear iSgi, 8461,385.46. The number of children enrolled was 
25,757, and the average daily attendance was 17,678. In addition, 
there was an enrollment of 3,451 in the public evening schools, 







making the total enrollment amount to 2ii,2oS. The number of 
teachers empluyetl was, male, 35: female, 414: total 441J. The 
city owns 37 school buildings and rents 5, affording accommoda- 
tion for 439 class rooms, and a total seating capacity of 23.500. 
Additions are being constantly made to the accommodations, by 
the erection nf new buildings and of additions to those already 
built. The endeavor being to ktep pace as near as possible with 
the rapidly growing educational needs of the city. 
The Newark Technical School is the outgrowth of the Hoard of 

Trade, and was organized in 1SS4. The present ofiicers are 
President e.v-ojfficio (Jov. Letm Abbett ; Vice-president, James L. 
Hays : Secretary, William N. Harringer, Treasurer, Moses 
Bigelow ; Trustees, Augustus F. R. Martin, ("icorge H. Phillips, 
Edward Weston and George H. Ketchem. The object of this 
school is. as its name imi)lies, to gis-e practical instruction in the 
mechanical arts. 

The private schools and academies in the city are numerous 
;ind excellent. 




.XE ll'ARK. X. J. , 1 1. LI \S TRA TED. 

Lafayette Street School. 

THE history of the Lafayette 
Street Public School runs 
parallel with the historj' of the 
Fifth Ward. The territory 
lying east of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad, then the New Jersey 
Railroad, was constituted the 
Fifth Ward of the city of 
Newark in 1S4S, and at that 
time embraced all the territory 
now contained in the Fifth, 
Tenth and Twelfth Wards of 
the city. 

In the same summer the 
Common Council purchased 
three tracts of land which com- 
pose the present site, at a total 
cost of $2,333, and contracted 
for the erection of a two-story 
brick building for a school, at 
an additiimal cost of 85,000, 
making the entire cost 87,333. 

On July 3, 1849, Samuel W. 
Clark was appointed principal 
of the male department, and 
Miss Mary Ward principal of 
the female department. The 
school was opened for the re- 
ception of scholars on the 27th 

of July in the same year. It was conducted on the Lancastrian 
plan, one master having sole charge of the department. The 
teaching was in great part done by the older and more advanced 


pupils, who themselves received instruction from the principal. 
Here were gathered in the male department 265 of the neighbor- 
hood, including many of the then famous " Rock Boys," a gang 
of hoodlums that terrorized that portion of the city. 

In April, 1S57. Mr. S. W. Clark was transferred to the South 
Market -Street School, then just completed, and Joseph Clark was 
transferred to the charge of this school from the Lock Street 
School in the Seventh Ward . 

In 1S62-63 an addition was erected on the rear and the Primary 
School, heretofore located in LTnion street, was transferred to 
this buikhng. About the same time the three departments were 
consolidated under the direction of the male principal. 

In 1S77, iSSi and 1SS4, still further additions were made to the 
building, which now contains sixteen rooms, and seats 800 
pupils, while the valuation has gone up from 87,333 to 850,000 at 
the present time. It is one of the most convenient of the school 
buildings of the city. From among its pupils are many who 
have occupied positions of trust and honor, and who are now 
found among our most esteemed citizens. 

Principal Joseph Clark was born in Sj'racuse, New York, of 
New England ancestry. He received his education in the 
Fayetteville Academy, an institution of considerable note in that 
part of the State. He came to Newark in the fall of 1848. In 
1S51 he was appointed as assistant teacher in the Lafa\-ette -Street 
Public School. In 1S54 he was promoted to the principalship of 
the Lock Street (now WicklilTe) School, and in 1S57 he was 
transferred to the Lafayette Street Public School, where he still 
presides. During his long service in the schools of the city he 
has been closely identified with the interest of that portion of the 
city, and has been a prominent factor in the lives and character 
of a large number of those who are now our respected and 
influential citizens. He has been prominently connected with 
the Sixth Presbyterian Church, and in the Sunday-school and 
Church has always taken a prominent place. 






IN the year 1792 a number of the citizens of Newark formed an 
association for the puqxise of establishing a school which 
sh'nilcl meet the wants of the village and the surrounding com- 

Having agreed upon a plan, they purchased a piece of ground 
on the corner of Broad and Academy streets, where the post-office 
now stands. 

In the erection of this building St. John's Lodge of Master 
Ma.sons united, in consideration of enjoying forever the exclusive 
use of its third and uppermost storj'. 

Among the means used to raise money for the new school was 
a lottery authorized by the Legislature for that purpose, and 
among the subscriptions to the stock of the new enterprise was a 
negro slave, " James," who sold for forty pounds. 

In 1795 the contributors were chartered as a stock company, 
the stockholders binding themselves by their charter never to 
divide any profits, but to devote all proceeds to the further 
development of the school. 

The Academy acquired a wide reputation for thoroughness and 
efficiency, and was continued in the same building with varying 
fortunes until 1855, when the property was sold to the United 
States fiovernment for a Custom House and Post-office. The 
price received for it was $50,000, of which amount was 
awarded to St. John's Lodge of Free Masons. 

Two years later the trustees of the Academy purchased the 
property of the Wesleyan Institute, bounded on three sides by 
High, William and Shipman streets, where the school has since 
been located. 

The school was opened in its new quarters in 1S57, under the 
charge of Rev. V. A. Adams, as principal, who resigned in 1859, 
and was succeeded by Mr. S. A. Farrand, who remained in charge 
until 1865, when it passed into the hands of Mr. C. M. Harrison, 
who. a few years later was succeeded by Mr. C. M. Uavis and 
>lajor Hopkins associate principals. In 1875 Mr. Farrand was 
again invited to take charge of the school, and since that time it 
has remained under his able management, the number of pupils 
at the present time being 240. 

The course of study in the Newark Academy, beginning with 
the primary English studies, covers a thorough preparation for 
college, for the scientific school or for business life. 

The present Board of Trustees (1S91) is as follows ; Samuel H. 
Pennington, M. IJ., Charles G. Rockwood, Frederick W. Ricord, 
A. M., Horace N. Cougar, Laban Dennis, M. IJ., Horace Ailing, 
William Rankin. Jr.. M. I)., George W. Hubbell, A. M., William 
T. Carter. 




FOR fourteen hundred years the Benedictines have figured 
prominently in the history of the world as missionaries, 
civilizers and educators. St. Augustine, the first Archbishop of 
Canterbury, and St. Boniface, who converted the Germans to 
Christianity, were Benedictines. The Danes, the Poles, the 
Dutch and the Bohemians were evangelized by members of the 
same order. During the first thousand years of its existence — 
from the fifth to the fifteenth century — it gave to the church 
-4 popes and 200 cardinals : it had seen 7,000 archbishops of its 

lineal descendants of the " famous Monks of the West," engaged, 
as their fathers have been for over 1,400 years, in tilling the soil, 
teaching the rude and ignorant useful trades, accustoming the 
idle and roving to profitable industry, building schools and 
colleges for the education of all, but especially for the higher 
education of the children of the poor. 

In this chain of Benedictine abbeys and colleges, St. Mary's 
Abbey and St. Benedict's College, of Newark, forms a not un- 
distinguished link. Here, as it is and has been in all places and 


rule, and 14,000 bishops. In England the Benedictines occupied 
113 abbeys and cathedrals, including Westminster Abbey and 
many others almost equally famous. In Scotland they numbered 
among their monasteries lona, Lindores and Melrose. At one 
time the sum total of their houses footed up the magnificent sum 
of 15,000, so many refuges of art and letters, where, protected by 
a religious halo, their inmates kept alive the sacred lamp of 
literature, when outside their walls the world was given up to 
rapine and civil war. 

A(ter centuries of decline, our own age has witnessed the 
marvelous rejuvenation of this ancient order. It is rapidly 
regaining its lost ground in Europe, and off -shoots of the parent 
tree have been planted in the virgin soil of Australia and New 
Zealand. In the United States there is not a section, east, west, 
north or south, without its large abbeys and numerous dependent 
priories. From New Hampshire in the East, to Oregon in the 
West ; from the hyperborean regions of Minnesota to the sunny 
clime of Florida, there is scarcely a State or Territory without its 

times since the foundation of the order, the school or college is. 
inseparable from the abbey. While a large amount of public and 
private ceremonies and prayers is included in the duties of a 
monk, it is also the aim of the " learned Benedictine " to be a 
man of science, a scholar and a schoolmaster. St. Benedict's 
College has been before the public now almost a quarter of a 
century — 1S6S to 1892 — and has conscienti'jusly and unostenta- 
tiously striven to carry into efl^ect the intention of its founders. 
While instructing, with a preference, in those branches which 
pertain to a liberal education, the knowledge of which is indis- 
pensable to those who wish to enter the ranks of the clergy or 
embark in any professional career, it has not neglected the needs- 
of those whose circumstances or inclinations induce them .to 
prefer the commercial to the classical course. By all means in 
its power, it seeks to make its pupils Christian gentlemen, 
serviceable to their fellowmen, lovers of their country and faith- 
ful to their God. 

XElV.-iRK. X. /., II.I.VSTRArED. 



ST. \INCh:xr>i ACADEfvlV. 

THIS institutiiin, founded in 1.S69 by the Most Rev. Bishop 
Ba)-ley for educatiimal purposes, is under the patrona^je of 
the Rt. Rev. Bishops of Newark. The location is upon very high 
g^f)und and is unsurpassed for healthfuhiess. It is easy of ; 
the Bank Street and the Littleton Avenue horse-cars pass the 
Academy to and from the main depot, Market street, of the Penn. 
R. R. in Newark. 

It offers superior attractions to parents who 
desire to give their children a useful as well as 
thorough education ; and it will be the constant 
endeavor of the Sisters to instill into the minds 
of their pupils, princii)les of virtue and religion ; 
to accustom them to a polite and amiable 
deportment, as well as to habits of order and 

The present large and extensive building, 
erected in 1SS8, is furnished with all the 
modern improvements requisite in a thorough 
course of study. Ample ground has been 
reserved exclusively for the necessary out-door 
exercise of the pupils ; besides, when the 
weather permits, they are obliged to take, 
daily, about an hour's walk, accompanied by 
one or more of the Sisters. 


ST. MARYS ACADEMY was at first known 
as the " Ward's Estate," and was pur- 
chased in 1859 by Rt. Rev. J. R. Bayley, first 
bishop of Newark. It was occupied by the 
Sisters of Charity, as their Mother House, till 
they removed to Madison, N. J., in 1861. After 
this the building was used as St. Mary's 
Orphan Asylum till 1865, when the Orphanage 
at South Orange was ready for the orphans. In 

the fall of 1865 St. Mary's Academy was opened. Part of the 
building was at this time a hospital. St. Michael's Hospital was 
not in existence then. In 1874 the old "^Vard Mansion" was 
razed, and the present beautiful building was erected in its stead. 
St. Mary's Academy has ever stood among the first in the city, 
regarding numbers and success of its pupils. 

'.v.i>Hl.Ni.lO.\ A.ND liLliECKER STREETS. 



THIS institution was founded by Prof. Martin Mulvey, A. M., 
in I SS I, to carry out an idea to which he had given much 
study and thought. This idea is that a business school should be 
a reflex of business life ; that the practice of business is just as 
important to students as the practice of book-keeping, and that 
the two should go hand in hand from the beginning to the end of 
the course. The college is located at Nos. 215 and 217 Market 
street, (Centennial Buildings.) 

All Actual Business, therefore, is the motto of the school, and 

a proof of the wisdom of its founder in adopting that motto is the 
fact that other leading schools throughout the country are follow- 
ing suit, and the time will certainly come when all business 
schools worthy of the name will embrace the same idea. 

Like all institutions destined to survive the Newark Business 
College encountered great difficulties in its infancy, but_ its 
principle was right and it was bound to prevail, so that now it is 
firmly established on a sound fianancial basis, and it has a prom- 
ising future of good works before it. 



Nkw Jkwsev Lousiness Couukge. 

FV.W citifs have educational institutions of a higher 
character than are to be found in Newark, and where 
they are conducted by better informed or more thorough, 
competent teachers. Especially is this so in regard to the 
schools where mercantile and business education in general 
is taught. These institutions are termed Business Colleges, 
and are conducted for the special purpose of fitting young 
men and women for business and clerical life. 

Among the most popular and best patronized of these 
colleges is the New Jersey, at 764 and ■;(>(> Broad street, of 
which Prof. C. T. Miller, a thoroughly competent educator 
is the proprietor and principal. Such a remarkable aptness 
has Prof. Miller shown for fitting young men and women 
for business pursuits that thousands who have had the 
benefit of his instructions are uow engaged in successful 
business or are filling responsible positions as book-keepers, 
accountants.'secretaries. clerks, salesmen, etc., not only 
in Newark but in the principal cities and towns throughout 
the country. 

The New Jersey Business College was established in the 
fall of 1S74. with the enrollment of a very small number 
of pupils, when Prof. Miller began his business life, and 
now his college has a standing equal to any Business 
College in this country, and has an enrollment of more than 
three hundred and fifty pupils annually. At each of its 
succeeding commencements many of its students go forth 
from the college halls bearing the parchment of honor and 
diploma f)f fitness to ^uphold the business industries of the 
citv, state and country. 

The course of study is of the most thorough and systematic 
character, embracing as it does, book-keeping in all its details, 
theoretical and practical. Business penmanship likewise under 
the direction of accomplished penmen, is made an important 
feature. Type-writing is also taught. 

That the Business College of to-day is an important factor in 
furthering the business interests of the community, is a fact that 
needs but the stating to prove its truthfulness, as is seen every 
day. The time was when merchants educated their own help. 
but now they demand efficiency when employing. 

The faculty of the college is made up as follows : 

C. T. Miller, principal and lecturer on book-keeping, actual 
business, correspondence, commercial law, petmianship, arith- 
metic, etc. 

L. L. Tucker, teacher of book-keeping, commercial law, coi- 
respondencc, penmanship, arithmetic, etc, 

C. D. Clarkson and A. L. McClosky. teachers of actual practice, 
arithmetic, correspondence, commercial law, penmanship, etc. 

J. A. Beccher, Ksq., (of the Newark Bar), lecturer on commer- 
cial law. 

C.ustavus Fischer, A. M., teacher of ticrman. 

Miss >[amie E. Uolan, teacher of phonography. 

No other school in the city is so advantageously located. .Ml 
the street car lines but one, pass tlic door, or are less than a 
block away, and all the principal depots arc within short walking 

In the immediate vicinity are the leading banks and insurance 
companies of the city, and the principal business houses are close 
at hand. The Board of Trade of Newark occupies a portion of 
one of the College buildings. It is believed that the presence of 
so many and such important interests cannot but have a 
beneficial influence. 


<:. T. .MI[.[.EK. rKlll'KIETOK AND i'KINX'IPAI,. 


x/-:irARk\ .v. y., illustrajed. 

rt.-. . tj^-A't'r:: 


lusiNEss coi.i.Kf;i; building. 


and few 
tliat wh 

name iif Cok-nian is an ever familiar one in the banks, 
iuranee and business oflices throughout the city and State, 
men as educators deserve a better need of praise than 
ich falls to Mr. Coleman from the lips of thousands of 


business men who are recipients of his faviu's in the young men 
and women whom he has educated and who are holding- 
important positions as secretaries, accountants, book-keepers, 
clerks, etc. 

To Henry Coleman has licen imparted that peculiar gift by 
nature which is vouchsafed to few, that is the faculty of inspiring 
others with the belief when teaching that he not only has a per- 
fect knowledge of what he proposes to teach, but knows just how 
to impart it to others. 

More than thirty years of his life has been sjient in imjjarting 
business learning to that of our young people who \ears ago 
would have spent c|uite treble the time in getting the like inform- 
ation by practice behind the counter, close applied desk work, 
and bitter hours of disappointing toil. Prof. Coleman stands at 
the head of (me among the largest and best Business Colleges in 
the country. It is located at S32 to S42 Broad street, in elegantly 
fitted up rooms in what are known as the Central Railroad 
Buildings. The College bears his own name, and here gather 
during each year hundreds of pupils who are in pursuit of busi- 
ness learning. In carrying on the College he is assisted by a 
eorjw of teachers, all of whom he has drilled in his own peculiar 
methods, that his ideal institution may be kept up to its high 
standard and fully abreast of the times. It has all the necessary 
books and papers, and all the i)araphcrnalia of a first-class 
Business College. 

It is just such institutions as this over which Prof. Henry 
Coleman presides, which has given the city of Newark its 
advanced place as an educational centre. 

Young men or women who have cither a business, mechanical 
or seientilic turn of mind, can now find in this rapidly growing 
city and its wonderfully attractive environments as fine oppor- 
tunities as any place offers in the country in which to get an 
education. A place in which are the homes of the greatest of the 
world's electricians, and where are located the workshops for the 
construction of the births of their marvelous genius. 

Public ScHot)US. 



M I E public schools are open 
to all. Xo distinction is 

made in birth, place or station, 

race or color. High and low, 

rich and poor, black and white. 

are alike invited to come and 

partake of the rich educational 

feast kept continually spread in 

all sections of the city, in the 

very best public school build- 
ings ever erected, and supplieil 

with a full corps of carefull\ 

selected teachers and assis- 
tants. These schools are under 

ihe control of the Board of 

l-ducation. who are selected 

I'rom among the people of the 

several wards for their peculiar 

adaptability for the position. 

I )n the selection of men for 

positions of School Comniis- 

siimer there is in all probability 

a greater care exercised than 

for membership in any of the other governmental and executive bodies of the city. This is as it should be, for there is no position that 
a man can be called on to fill requiring a better judgment or more decidedly careful reasoning or acting. Nor are there any with 

I'K ^M\K1^■.^KK\^\I^K, >in< 

• MMI^:^I^»^^ H. 

|-Kl>< il- \l. Ml' NK\ J, I'l 

results more far-reaching. Either 
munity, has no institution so grave 
exercise of its fraternal care for its 
unstinted hand through the State 
purpose of paying the teachers and 
ter months to keep the buildings 
future citizens of the city, State 
it seems that there should be those 
recipients of the blessings (lowing 
and such it is regretful to state is 
of the children is compulsory, the 
those who refuse its far reachinp 
Few likenesses in this bonk will 
of Stacy B. Rittenhouse, who repre- 
Second ward, for four years, during 
the conduct of public school atTair^ 
portant committees of the Board. 
School was erected in 1S71, and 

LIi.H I l-l*:* HI .V\1.,\L1. i'Ll.LlL jt-lIIH'l.. 

for the weal or the woe of a com- 
an influence. The State, in the 
children, supplies the money with 
Hoard of Public Instruction for the 
I^roviding the fuel in the cold win- 
warm, in which arc gathered the 
and Republic. Mow passing strange 
who stoutly object to being the 
from these educational institutions, 
the fact and although the education 
law compelling the attendance of 
and beautiful benefits needs change, 
be recognized more easily than that 
sented the old Tenth, now the 
which time he was very active in 
and served an some of the most ini- 
The Eighteenth Avenue Public 
opened the same year, as a pri- 

mary school, under the principalship of J. Ward Smith. It comprised eight classes and with the Morton Street School was equal to 
the demands of the ward. At present, with a registration of 1,284 as per last report, it is but one of four populous schools, the Morton 

Street, Monmonth Street and 

Waverly Avenue schools, which 

are taxed to their utmost, to 

meet the requirements of the 

wonderful growth in population 

of the old Nineteenth ward. In 

1873, the school was enlarged 

by the addition of a great " T," 

which extended to and fronted 

on Elizabeth avenue. It was 

then made an intermediate 

school with seventeen classes. 

Principals Schulte, Maclure and 

Kennedy were successively in 

charge until iSSS, when Prin- 
cipal Dougherty, of the Walnut 

Street School, the present in- 
cumbent, was made its princi- 
pal. Under his management it 

was advanced to the grade of 

grammar school, and it now 

numbers nineteen classes. It 

opened as a night school in 189 1. 


Ilk. 1 \-\ j, J \NLS, n< II 

MMl^^h iNI K. 




DURING the year 1S4S, sixty-one members of the First 
Presbyterian Church organized a reHgious society under 
the style of the " Park Presbyterian Church of Newark, N. J." 
The first pastor of the church was the Rev. Ansel I). Eddy, 

D. D. Among the original and charter members are the names 
of many who are well known in this city, as Stephen Dodd, 
James H. Clarke, Humphrey B. Dunham, Richard Hall, Maria 

E. and Sarah E. Searing, George C. Dodd, Edward A. and 
Amanda Crane, Ezra Bolles, Benjamin F. Harrison, Charles D. 
Crane and many others. 

Among its earliest elders were Stephen Dodd, Otis Boyden, 

October 6, 1S74. Dr. De Veuve resigned the pastorate in March, 

In iSyg a unanimous call was e.xtended to Rev. J. Clement 
French, D. D., who had been pastor of the Central Congrega- 
tional Church of Brooklyn for fourteen years, and of the West- 
minster Church of that city for five years. 

Dr. French was installed as pastor of Park Church in October, 
1S79. At that time the membership was 164. 

From the first the seating capacity of the edifice was too small 
for the attendance. In 1SS4 it became absolutely necessary to- 
enlarge the building. On Sabbath morning, April 20, $iS,ooo- 


Richard Hall, David C. Dodd, Terah Benedict, Lewis C. 
Grover, Stephen R. Grover and William Ashley, 

The session, in later years, has included Francis K. Howell, 
James S. Higbie, Stephen J Meeker, Dr. Edward P. Nichols, 
Elbert H. Baldwin, Edwin J. Ross, Joseph A. Hallock, Albert 
T. Freeman, James Mawha, William J. Rusling, Aaron King, 
Alexander Beach, Edward N. Crane, Elias F. Morrow, Edward 
E. Sill, Edward B. and George H. Denny, Hugh Haddow, 
Alvah W. Osmun and others. 

Rev. Dr. Eddy was succeeded in the pastorate by Rev. Henry 
A. Rowland, D. D., Rev. James G. Hamner, D. D., Rev. Joel 
Parker, D. D., Rev. Prentiss De Veuve, D. D., the last named of 
whom was influential in securing the removal from Park street to 
the present site of the church, m Belleville avenue corner of 
Kearny street. 

The corner stone of the new building was laid May 22, 1S72. 
The dedication sermon was by Rev. William Adams, D. D., 

were subscribed for this purpose, afterwards more. Work was 
at once begun. The chapel, Sunday-school rooms and the rear 
of the auditorium were taken down. 

On April 20, 1SS5, the church building increased in its seating 
capacity to about Soo, and changed in all its interior architecture 
and adornments, a new chapel. Sabbath-school rooms, primary 
department room, Bible class rooms, study and other necessary 
apartments, were complete and dedicated on the evening of that 

In the autumn of 1S86 it was resolved to extend the work of the 
church in some portion of the city more greatly in need of 
evangelical labor. 

Careful survey of adjacent territory resulted in selecting 
the neighborhood of the stone quarries, on Mt. Prospect hill. 

On the evening of October S, 1SS6, the first neighborhood 
prayer-meeting was held at the house of Mrs. Sarah Phillips, 
No. 200>^ Parker street, with an attendance of thirty. Weekly 



HI Ki II. I "KM K IKl I K\ 11 

\ M ■ k K \ K N i > 1 K 1 1 1 . 

meetinjfs were held in private houses, with constant increase 
of numbers and interest, until it became necessary to rent a 
small public hall on Bloomfield avenue. This place soon proving 
inadequate to the need. Park Church built and furnished, free 
from debt, and at an expense of $5 .000, a jiretty little chapel 
on Aqueduct street. It was dedicated Thursday, Nov. 17, 
1887. Prayer-meetings were held regularly, and preaching 
ser\'ices occasionally, until in iSSS. it was decided by the 
session that the chai)el work required more constant attention 
and labor. 

This work was given to Mr. Alfred Nicholson, of the Senior 
Class at Princeton, who is now the installed pastor of the churcl*, 
which was duly organized under the style of " North Park 
Presbyterian Church," in October, iSgo. It is still receiving 
some aid from the parent church, but is at present moving 
towards a change of site and the erection of a much larger and 
more elegant edifice on Parker street. 

The membership of Park Church, at the time of the organiza- 
tion of " North Park," was between .^oo and 900. 

About i;o members were dismissed to form the new organiza- 
tion. The pew rentals of Park Church exceed annually. 
The Sabbath-school is limited only by the size of its accommr- 

A vigorous society of Christian Endeavor has been in existence 
for more than two years. The pastor has been, and still is, the 
president of the Essex County Christian Endeavor Union, having 
upon its roll between fifty and sixty societies, and over 4,000 
members. He is also vice-president of the New Jersey State 
Union, with over 30,000 members. 

In connection with his other work he also edits and publishes 
a little church jiaper, called " The Park Presbyterian Church 
Recorder," which is not only a complete weekly compendium of 
all the events and interests of the church, but contains briefest 
notes, comments, items of general information, and choicest 
extracts from the prose and poetry of the world. It is now in its 
sixth volume. 

The Ladies Aid (Home Mission) Society sends valuable boxes 
of clothing annually to needy ministers and their families, besides 
other helpful work. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society aids in the support 
of a missionary in China. The Young Ladies' Floral Society 
supplies the pulpit with floral decorations every Sabbath in the 
year. A flourishing circle of King's Daughters is doing constant 
good to the poor and needy. 

Dr. French is still the pastor, having completed his thirteenth 
year of .service last October, iS>2. 







THIS unpretentious, yet beautiful edifice, located on Mulberry 
street, is a land mark, standing in an atmosphere of inter- 
esting memories. Its architect was the Very Rev. Patrick Moran, 
who was also the architect of St. Patrick's Cathedral and St. 
Peter's, of Belleville. It consists of the original .church with a 
facade designed by Father Moran and the whole structure is built 
of Newark brown stone from the old quarry on Eighth avenue. 
It is a pity that the data of the early history of this church are 
meagre, as it is the cradle of Catholic worship, not only in the city 
of Newark, but in the State of New Jersey. A rude hickory cross 
about six feet high, unstripped of its bark, surmounted the gable 
of the original structure and was the first emblem of salvation 
reared in this State, spreading its arms to all. The superstructure 
of the altar, is almost a fac-simile of the facade and is m heavy gilt. 

The windows are of rich stained glass, with centre pieces of full length figures of saints. This glass has been for years the admira- 
tion of all people of artistic taste, who have visited the church, and was for several years the envy of all the other churches of the city. 
In the south tower are hung a chime of bells whose mellow notes have reminded many a worshiper of the famous bells of Shandon. 
In 1824, the Rev. Gregory B. Pardow. of New York, organized under the patronage of St John, the association of Catholics who 
founded St. John's Church. It was designated St. John's Roman Catholic Society, of Newark, N. J. The first trustees w-ere Patrick 
Murphy, John Sherlock, John Kelly, Christopher Rourke, Morris Fitzgerald, John Gillespie and Patrick Mape. Previous to the 
building of St. John's Church, the Catholics of Newark had met for divine service at a house on Mulberry street, occupied by one 
Charles Durning. The trustees set about erecting a suitable place of worship. Ground was purchased on Mulberry street and the 
erection of the church was begun in 1827. When the foundation was laid the trustees found that their funds were exhausted and they 
decided to have a committee wait on the Rev. Dr. Power, of St. Peter's Church, New York, to ask him to assist them in their work by 
delivering a lecture in Newark, for the benefit of the struggling parish. He cheerfully consented, and advised the committee to have 
the lecture early and well advertised. As there was no public hall in the town at the time, the committee w^ere at a loss to proceed. 
This quandary was answered by the vestrymen of old Trinity Church in the park. At the suggestion of Rev. Dr. Power the com- 
mittee had called upon them to ask the use of the church for the lecture. After due consideration the vestrymen unanimously granted 
the request of the committee without charge. On the appointed evening the lecture was given to a large audience which filled the 
church and was about three fourths non-Catholic, as at that time the Catholic population was very small. The proceeds netted over 
three hundred dollars, quite a sum of money to realize from such an occasion in those days. The liberal and generous action of 
Trinity has been and always will be remembered by the Catholic citizens of Newark. But through the baseness of one individual the 
money was lost to the young parish. The treasurer of the committee proved himself a veritable Judas, by making ofl: with the entire 

receipts and he was never 
heard of again. Let him be 
nameless. Under the un- 
tiring zeal and energy of 
Rev. Father Pardow the 
building was finished and 
dedicated to divine service 
in 1S2S. In the dedication 
ceremonies the Very Rev. 
Dr. John Power, who repre- 
sented Rt. Rev. Bishop 
Dubois on the occasion, 
officiated. The cost of the 
building exceeding the esti- 
mate by a considerable sum, 
it was judged advisable to 
put the pews up at auction. 
The first pew to the right of 
the middle aisle brought 
forty-two dollars and the 
other pews brought smaller, 
but respectable sums. By 
this sale a handsome fund 
was realized and some of 
the more urgent bills of 
contractors paid. But there 
was still a large balance of 
indebtedness unpaid, and 
general stagnation of busi- 
ness ensuing, the trustees 
found themselves unexpect- 
edly called on for payment 
and the church in danger of 
being sold. In this emer- 
\ii 1 i;i i;kv '\k\v.\, i:.. gency good Bishop Dubois 



came to the rescue. Through his friend Bishop Brute he 
secured a loan from the association for the propagation 
of the faith, with which the claims were paid, and from 
that time, 1829, St. John's parish prospered. The Rev. 
Gregory B. Pardow, the founder of the church, labored 
faithfully with the parish for eight years, and through 
his energy, tact and zeal, insured its success. He was 
followed by the Rev. Matthew Herard. October 7, 1832^ 
and the Rev. B. Rafferty, October 13, 1833. 

On November 3, 1S33, the Rev. Patrick Moran was 
appointed pastor. He was eminently fitted for the 
place. He possessed good judgment, a refined and 
correct taste, and an educated mind. Under his man- 
agement the affairs of St. John's advanced rapidly, dis. 
pite the panic of 1S37, and the sterling qualities of their 
pastor continued to win for the congregation the confi- 
dence of their non-Catholic neighbors. Father Moran 
soon had a library of 850 volumes in circulation. He 
organized church societies, literary, temperance and 
benevolent associations. He erected a school house and 
arranged for the free instruction evenings of such as 
could not attend the day school. But his chief source of 
pleasure and pride was in his Sunday-school, which he 
raised to a high degree of excellence. Connected with 
the Sunday-schcjol was a teachers' association, which was 
a model of its kind. 

Prior to the erection of the See of Newark, then com- 
prising the entire State, New Jersey had formed part of 
the Diocese of New York. The late Most Rev. James 
Rosevelt Bayley, D.D., Archbishop of Baltimore, was 
appointed first bishop of the new diocese, and one of his 
first acts was to select Rev. Patrick Moran, of St. John's, 
to be his vicar-general. After the death of Vicar-general 
Moran, which occurred July 25, 1866, the following were 
successively rectors of St. John's Church: Rev. James 
Moran, nephew of the deceased rector, November, i86f> ; 
Rev. Louis Schneider, November, i3()7 ; Rev. Thomas 
M. Killeen, who built the new rectory adjoining the 
church, November, iSfiS, and did much for St. John s ; 


Rev. Patrick Leonard was rector in December, 1S78. Rev. Louis 
• lambosville, who personally and with great care and labor re-wrote 
the church's records of births and marriages from the foundation to 
his time, and who was the second incumbent to die (January, 1892) ; 
Thomas E. Wallace, administrator, from January, 1S92, to February 
27, 1S92, and February, 1892, Rev. J. P. Poels, the incumbent. The 
assistant rectors were Rev. Fathers Guth, 1837; Farrell, 1838; 
Bacon, 1838; Donahue, 1845; Hanahan, 1846; Callan, 1848; 
Senez, 1849 ; Conroy, 1852 ; McGuire, 1S53 ; Tubberty, 1854 ; Casted, 
1858; McCloskey, 1S60 ; Byrne, 1861 ; Moran, 1863; Wiseman. 1867 ; 
Rolando, 1S67 ; Xardiello, 1S76 ; Whelan, 187S ; Corrigan, 1S79 ; White, 
1882 ; McGahan, 1S92, and John A. Fanning, D. D., at present. 

Rev. Father Poels, who is now rector of St. John's, is a man of 
great executive ability, and most zealous ; and people who love the 
lirst Catholic church of Newark and cherish its memories, may 
rejoice that the parish has come under his care, for it already shows 
many signs of improvement and of renewed life. His administration 
has already been signalized by a marked advancement of church 
affairs and an entire renovation of the church property. 

The history of St. John's is in very fact the history of Catholicity in 
New Jersey. The "mother of all the churches " of the diocese, from 
her sanctuary have gone forth several zealous and exemplary mission- 
aries to propagate the faith, and among these may be mentioned Most 
Rev. Michael Augustine Corrigan, D. D., Archbishop of New York ; 
the late Very Rev. James H. Corrigan, for several years vice-president 
of Seton Hall College ; Rev. George W. Corrigan, of Paterson, and the 
Rev. Martin O'Connor, of Peoria, 111. 




ONE of the very siiccessful parishes of the Roman Catholic 
Church is that of St. James, over which the Reverend P. 
Cody presides, was founded in 1S53, from territory situate in what 
was then the Fifth, Tenth and Twelfth wards of the city of Kewark. 
The church buildings are the finest in the city, are constructed of 
brown stone quarried from the hills near by, and prepared for the 
foundation walls and superstructure by Newark mechanics and 
skilled laborers. The large block of ground, upon which the 
beautiful church, hospital and school buildings stand, at the corner 
of Lafayette, Madison, Jefferson and Elm streets, was purchased by 
Father Senez, who was pastor of St. Patrick's at that time. This 
was in April of 1S54. On the igth of the following June, the Rev. 
Father B. F. Allaire, a son of the noted Brooklyn foundry man, 
having been placed in charge, the corner stone of the church was 
laid with very imposing ceremonies by the late Right Rev. Bishop 
Bayley. On the 17th of August, the same year. Rev. James Callan 
was appointed to the pastorate and on the 5th of November, the 
building of brick, two stories high was ready for occupancy, the 
lower story for church and devotional services and the upper for 
school purposes. Father Callan was a man of much culture, a fine 
orator and rhetorician, full of energy and untiring in his devotion 
to the work of the church. In 1861, Father Callan was transferred 
to Paterson. He had done a most meritorious work during his 
administration of the affairs of his charge and left the church clear 
of debt and prosperous. He afterwards met with a tragic death 
while traveling on a steamer between San Francisco and Sacra- 
mento, California, the boiler of which exploded and claimed this 
eloquent divine as one of its victims. The parish grew rapidly and 
when the Reverend Father John M. Gervais, who had been the 
assistant at St. Patrick's for two years previous came into St. James' 
as his successor, he found the accommodations entirely inadequate for 
the largely increased number of people who gathered there. Father 
Gervais was a man of strong character and was the possessor of all 
those characteristics which go so far toward makingthe true shepherd. 
Full of zeal for good works and for the growth and prosperity of his 
new undertaking, he set about the giving of fuller and better accom- 

sr. JAMKS' K. C. CHLKCH, l.AF.^VL 1' 1 1, .-, 1 Kbl, 1 . 

ST. J.\MKS' M.1HIOL, L1„M AND .MAl>lsuN MKbET. 

modations to his rapidly in. 
creasing flock of parishioners 
and worshipers. In July, 1S63, 
Bishop Bayley, in the presence 
of a vast congregation of his 
parishioners, laid the corner 
stone of the new projected 
brown stone church building, 
70x160 feet in dimensions and 
with such unwavering deter- 
mination did he. Father Ger- 
vais, push the work. Such 
handsome sums of money did 
his magnetism draw to the 
cause, and with such readiness 
did all his parishioners respond 
to clarion calls, the handsome 
and imposing church structure 
was ready for dedication and' 
on the 17th da^' of June, 1S66, 
in the presence of one of the 
largest congregations ever as- 
sembled in that section of the 
city, the dedicatory services 
were conducted by Bishop 
Bayley. The late Alderman 
Nicholas Moore will be remem- 
bered for his generous contri- 
butions and his final munificent 
bequest to the parish. So un- 
tiring was the zeal of Father 



Ger\-ais, and with such a mighty spirit and deter- 
mined purpose did he enter into his work of increas- 
ing the strength of his parish, that ever\-thing went 
forward as if there were, indeed, no obstacles to 
overcome. Often could Father Gervais be seen help- 
ing on the construction with his own hands. Like 
many another he overworked, and on the 24th of July, 
1872, Father Gervais went to his reward. 

After the death of this combination mar\-el of 
priestly force and progress, with the strength of a 
giant, and the tenderness of woman, and a child-like 
simplicity, it was decided to drop out of his purposed 
buildings and improvements, the great iron convent, 
two hundred feet square, and carry to completion 
the hospital alone of the great structures he had 
planned to build on the same block with the church 
and school. The munificent bequest of Nicholas 
Moore had been used in the construction of the fine 
brown stone hospital building, which at the time of 
Father Gervais' death had only reached the heigth 
of its first story. His assistant. Rev. M. E. Kane, 
took charge of the parish work until the appointment 
of Rev. P. Cody, in Januar)', 1873. the pastor who 
has devotedly conducted the good work ever since. 
Under the guidance of this faithful priest the unfin- 
ished buildings have been pushed forward to com- 
pletion, and all the parish work has been conducted 
in accordance with the verj- best and most approved 
methods and accepted ideas. Father Cody has com- 
pleted the tower of the church with the spires and 
minarets, and has had placed in the tower a beautiful 
chime of bells, ten in number, the larger weighing 

over three thousand pounds. The stone building which he has completed is now occupied as the rectory, and the parish schools and 
convent for the sisters and the hospital. The school is under the care of the sisters of charity, and competent male teachers are err- 
ployed for older pupils, and both departments are in e.xcellent condition. The hospital, with accommodations for 100 patients, is ready 
for occupancy and will fill a long felt want in this section of the city. The parish contains between five and six thousand souls. There are 
four regular church services and masses on Sunday. The church has a seating capacity of about 1,500, and is furnished with one of 
the best organs in the State of New Jersey and is supported by a volunteer choir of sixty voices. The young men of the parish have 

a fine building of their own on Ferrj- street. They have a membership of 150. The purpose is 
athletic and social. Father Cody looks after the educational interests of his parish witli 
great care and has obtained results which are indeed remarkable. The merits can best 
be judged by comparison. In the spring of 1S73, there were 250 children in the school, 
^^^^^i^l^^ X which Father Cody increased to Six) in the fall. He placed the sisters in 

^^■^^^T_^^^^^^ \ charge of the girls and employed a competent male principal for the older boys 

/^Sr ' ^^ \ and at once made the schools free. They now number 1,200 pupils. He also 

S^' \ \ established a school in St. Thomas' building. Chapel street, near the steel 

wBt'- \ \ works, and when that portion was set off as the parish of St. Aloysius in 

wf:- 1 \ 1S79, it had a flourishing free school of 4o(j. St. James has ever been 

ready to extend a helping hand to weaker parishes or those in trouble 
or straitened circumstances. It will be remembered to the everlasting 
credit of Father Cody and the parishioners of St. James', that when the 
Orange parish was involved, they came to their rescue with a magnificent 
donation of five thousand dollars, giving immediate relief, which acted 
as an incentive to other parishes and churches to assist and resulting in 
the saving of this church edifice. Indeed, St. James is one of those 
parishes, and Father Cody is one of those pastors, who live by the 
golden rule and never let " the left know what the right hand doeth." 
The beautiful photo pictures and pen sketches of this, one among the 
grandest church plants in America, which so graphically speak for the 
reality in this book of our latest day art treasures as seen on the pages 
thereof, cannot but be satisfying to all who have an eye for the beautiful 
and good. The brick building, corner Lafayette and Madison, was the first 
constructed, is still standing and is occupied as a parish hall in which enter- 
tainments are held, and contains a fine large room in which the parish 
circulating library is shelved. This library contains more than 1,500 volumes 
of well selected books and is largely read. The several societies connected 
with the church have their meeting rooms in this friendly old structure, and it 
holds a warm place in the affections of the people, many of the older members of 
the parish looking upon it as a true friend of their youth and as one of the land 
Rtv. 1'. cuDv, KtcToR. marks of their journey now drawing to its close. ' 



Franklin St. M. E. Church 




odist Episcopal Church is one 
of the venerable institutions of 
Newark. It is the oldest Methodist 
Episcopal Church in the city save 
one. It will soon have attained its 
three score years — years of many 
vicissitudes and victories. These 
victories were neither architec- 
tural, ritualistic nor artistic. They 
were of an infinitely higher order. 
The}' were victories in the realm of 
thought, feeling and character. 
Achievements that dealt rather 
with the soul than the body ; with 
the real self rather than the seem- 
ing self. Many thousands have 
been turned from death to life ; 
from woe to joy, in this historic 
fortress of Methodism. Many look 
down from their abodes in 
heaven upon this church as the blessed place where they received the re-birth which fitted them for fellowship with their Father 
and their God, and which through his maturing love, has prepared them for their present abodes of blessedness. But not only have 
the soul-saving ministries of Franklin Street Church prepared many who have gone up, but many who have gone out. Occupying a 
central location, she has sent her streams of converts to every Methodist Church in Newark. There is not a Methodist Church in 
this city but would be shorn of much of its strength if the help that Franklin Street in this way has given, were withdrawn. 

Franklin Street M. E. Church has been favored with the pastoral services of some of the most magnificent men in Methodism, as 
the mighty WilHam P. Corbit, the noble and eloquent Dr. Bartine; the sweet singer of Israel. James O. Rogers, and others of 
kindred excellence, and, while appreciating the eloquence and magnetic gifts of these men, yet it is pleasant to be able to truthfully 
state that for great congregations ; for the noble ability and loyal working power of her rapidly increasing membership, this church 
was never up to what she is now. The fact is, the evening congregations, as a rule, are so large as to raise the inquiry, " Oh, where 
shall there be room for all who want to hear." There is considerable serious quiet pondering going on as to how to enlarge the build- 
ing to a capacity of 3,000, and so found a great Methodist people's church in Newark. If some rich citizen should have wisdom enough 
to lay up a quarter of a million in heaven by way of Franklin Street Church, the burning problem would be solved. Newark would be 
benefited and the giver would be that much richer forever. There are several factors contributing to the unprecedented success at the 
present time. The church has been renovated, recushioned and electric lights put in ; a new series of specially selected hymns of the 
finest that can be found, are published annually ; the audience rooms are clean, cozy, airy, warm and inviting ; the singing is pro- 
nounced the best. Then comes the organizer of these factors of force 
into their present aggressive and captivating form, the Pastor himself- 
lie is probably the most talked of preacher in Newark, because he 
strikes fearlessly at modern iniquities, and lives for the people of 
these times and this place. Paradoxical though it may seem, he is 
one or the most conservative and yet one of the most progressive of 
men. His liberal education and world-wide travel give him a view 
of things and men, and motives, and principles, that are comprehen- 
sive and quite peculiar to himself. He stands for essentials but tears 
down obstructions. He pursues his own diplomacy and calls no man 
master, although he consults with his official brethren. "The 
Scengerfest Sermons " and " The Repulse of Anti-Christ" are speci- 
mens of his clean-cut, fearless oratory. He is a man of the people, 
and when roused in their behalf in the pulpit, he springs on his 
victim like a lion rushing on the prey. In response to his sympathy 
and uncompromising loyalty to their cause, they crowd his church 
to feel the warm glow of his heart. Men who will go nowhere else, 
hear him gladly, and so hundreds have been lifted to a new- 
life by his ministry, while thousands upon thousands have been 
lifted to nobler habits of thought, feeling and action. He has had 
invitations to large, rich and influential churches outside of his Con- 
ference, but on account of the opportunity accorded of doing good to 
the people of Newark, he clings to Franklin Street Church with the 
love of a David for a Jonathan. He puts old things in new ways. 
He appears in his pulpit like a new man with a new message, pouring 
reasons for its acceptance in so fast from all directions that resistance 
finally becomes impossible. He will not acknowledge anything 
worthy in himself, but affirms that all his successes are the fruits 
of the Holy Ghost. The prayers of all the saints are requested for 
continued blessings in unstinted measure upon the Pastor and 
People of Franklin Street Church. 





CITY in the 
world can pre- 
sent a cleaner 
record than this 
centre of multi- 
tudinous indus- 
tries, when duty 
to the sick and 
the afflicted is pre- 
sented for considera- 
tion. When the call 
for relief comes up from the unfor- 
tunate, the poor, the sick, or atflicted, 
however feeble the tone, it is not 
only quickly heard, but immediately 
heeded. While the people of New- 
ark have had the opportunity to study 
charity in all its beautiful details and 
tender bearings, they have taken ad- 
vantage at every turn to put that 
theory learned into practice. The 
lessons acquired m the schools of 
good fellowship, love and duly, have 
been but the sowings prior to the 
reaping, and the ingathering of a 
bountiful har\-est. 

No pleasanter task has it been our 
lot to perform than this, of placing 
upon the record the beautiful deeds of 
the Little Sisters of the Poor. These 
eminently pious and holy women 
never slacken in their efforts to 

i<\ «• II 


relieve the distressed and suffering ; feed the hungry, succor the destitute, clothe the naked, and like the fire-tly, whose bright 
flashes lighten the nights, these devoted women are flittering everj'where, dispensing their benizens of love. These humane 
people began their charitable work in 1S7S, with the special object in view of founding a home and providing relief for the old, 
destitute and sick of both sexes. The home which they have provided for the aged, who through sickness or the infirmities of age, are 
unable to provide for themselves, and where they are kindly cared for and made comfortable in their old age, is an imposing brick 
structure, large enough to comfoitaVily hold two hundred. This building, within the walls of which is found so much of comfort for 
the old and afflicted, is seen in the lower left hand corner of the beautiful full page combination illustration accompanying this 

article. The Little Sisters of 
the Poor are now deeply in 
debt, but they trust in God and 
the well-known liberality of the 
benevolent population of New- 
ark and the State of New Jer- 
sey to help them in their 
charitable undertaking. They 
are always pleased to meet 
visitors, but they prefer their 
coming from 2 to 4 o'clock in 
the afternoon. The Roseville 
horse cars pass the door. 

Few among the public insti- 
tutions of Newark do a more 
thoroughly good and benefi- 
cient work, or one more lasting 
than the Free Public Library, 
which has its home in the build- 
ing known as Park Hall, situ- 
ate on West Park street, the 
same having been remodeled 
to suit the conveniences of the 
library trustees and the housing 
VI ovsus cinRcM. ^^ '^s "'^'^ literary treasures. 

IN rKKIoR \1F.W 




If it were one thing more 
than any other which demon- 
strated the growing independ- 
ence of Newark, and the 
wonderful self-reliance which 
she has been showing of late, 
it would be the large number, 
growth and grandeur of her 
eleemosynary institutions. Her 
close proximity to New York 
city acted as a stay to her pro- 
gress in the establishment of 
such institutions, the doors of 
those of the great commercial 
metropolis of the western world, 
standing wide open to pass. 
Among the first to cast away 
from these sisterly leading 
strings was St. Michael's Hos- 
pital, which is but little more 
than a quarter of a century old, 
but had already to its credit on 
January i, iSgo, 23,890 patients 
treated. St Michael's Hospital 
is the largest in the city, is 
centrally located at the corner 
of High street and Central 
avenue, it has 300 beds and all 
the necessary accessories and 
paraphernalia of a first-class 
hospital. While the hospital is 
under the protection of a board 

of directors at the head of which is Bishop Wigger of this diocese, the insdtution is managed entirely by the Sisters of the Poor, of St. 
Francis, twenty-three in number, at the head of whom, as superior, is Sister Ephrem. As the thousands who have felt the effect and 
enjoyed the blessings of their beneficiency and care, a more devoted and holier set of women are nowhere to be found. In the recep- 
tion of patients and in their care and treatment no distinctions are made. The medical gentlemen connected with St. Michael's 
Hospital are Dr. William Pierson, medical director ; Dr. Joseph C.Young, Dr. H. C. H. Herold, Dr. J. Few Smith. Dr. James T. Wright- 
son, Dr. Charles D. Bennett, Dr. Robert L. Burrage, Dr. George O'Gorman. Dr. Joseph C. Young, is president of the medical board. 
The house staff consists of a corps of nine medical gentlemen. Connected with St. Michael's are four special departments, where dis. 
eases pertaining to each class have special care and treatment. Dr. T. F. Sutphen is at the head of the eye and ear ; Dr. Joseph Few 
Smith, the derraatological ; Worthington Pinney, D. D. S., the dental departments. The consulting surgeons of the women's hospital 

branch are Drs. Pierson, Holden, 111 and 
Ballery, with assistants Drs. Charles I. 
Ill, W. E. Carroll and Emil Guenther. 
The manner of building of St Michael's 
Hospital can be seen by a reference to 
the beautiful picture herewith shown. 

The Hospital of St. Barnabas was the 
first working hospital established in 
New Jersey under legislative authority. 
The work was begun in 1S65, in a small 
house on Wickliffe street, and the hos- 
pital was incorporated February 13, 1867. 
The incorporators were Bishop William 
Henry Odenheimer and the rectors and 
certain laymen of the several Episcopal 
churches of the city. The charter de- 
clared the purpose of the incorporation 
to be the care, nurture and maintenance 
of sick, infirm, aged and indigent per- 
sons, and of orphans, half orphans and 
destitute children, the providing for 
their temporal and spiritual welfare, 
and the providing or erecting a suitable 
building or buildings. In 1867, it 
received the gift of a building on the 
site where St. Stephen's Church now 
stands, at the corner of Elizabeth and 
Clinton avenues, and in 1870, the trus- 
.sr. i;.\RN.Mj.v=. ii.jsrii.\L, corner high and mo.n'tgomerv streets. tees purchased the house and land on 



Hiiii mil 


the corner of High and Montgom- 
ery streets, and on this property 
the work has been carried on ever 
since. In 18S5, the greater part 
of the present large brick building, 
shown in the illustration, was 
erected at a cost of over S40,o<k). 
The chapel and rooms for the 
sisters in charge and private 
patients were added afterwards. 
The hospital is under the best 
medical and surgical supervision, 
and in ils equipment and appli- 
ances, it affords the best resources 
for dealing with cases of casualty, 
disability and sickness. Besides 
the medical and surgical wards 
and the children's ward, there are 
rooms for private patients and a 
clinic or department for the relief 
of persons not living in the build- 
ing. The administration of the 
internal affairs of the hospital has 
been since 18S1 under the charge 
of the Sisters of St. Margaret, who 
without other reward than the de-' 
light of doing good, devote their 
lives to this work. The hospital 
has a small endowment fund and 
receives $2,500 a year from the 
city for the support of certain beds, 
but it is almost wholly su|)ported 

by voluntary contributions made from time to time, and money raised by the efforts of the ladies' society, called the Guild. Tlic 
number of patients treated within the hospital each month is about one hundred and the out patients receiving relief, number about 
five hundred. It is open to persons of every creed and nationality, and it is impossible to overestimate the good work it has done. 

Xever behind in good works, the city of Newark marked an era in their progress by the establishment of a hospital, where the 
sick and afflicted may go and seek rest, and take deep draughts from the overflowing cup of healing balm, which will be held to their 
lips by the devoted hands of trained nurses, directed by the understanding and skill of the wise, pure and self-sacrificing among our 
best physicians and surgeons. Although Newark was blessed with several good hospitals, yet the best thinking and more charitably 
dispossd among our citizens decided it not unwise that another hospital, where the sick might obtain relief, should be established. 
Fortunately the county asylum buildings, which had been erected on city property, were vacant and apparently waiting for just such 
a blessed purpose and innovation. So as the people's representatives in the Common Council were ripe for the movement, the die 
was soon cast and the hospital established. This beneficent institution was opened for the reception of patients in 1SS2, and 
incorporated in 1883. Since that time its doors have been wide open to the indigent sick of all nationalities. The hospital is managed 
by a board of directors, who meet once a month. From the directors a visiting committee of three members is selected to look after 
the executive work during the intervals. The hospital staff consists of Surgeons Dr. Peter P. V. Hewlett, Dr. Charles Young, Dr 
Archibald Mercer and Dr. L. E. HoUister ; Physicians. Dr. E. F. Smith, G. R. Kent, H. C. Hendry and with resident house physi! 
cian and surgeon. A training school for nurses is connected with the hospital, of which Miss Louisa Moss is principal. The City 

Hospital, as will be seen on this page is just such a 
building as appears to e.xcellent advantage, as it 
takes a place among our illustrations. 

Few institutions in Newark stand higher on the 
eleemosynary roll of honor than that which is known 
as the German Hospital, located at the corner of 
Bank street and Wallace place. The German Hos- 
pital was incorporated under the laws of the State of 
New Jersey, on the 13th day of February, A. D., 
I SOS, and has consequently been in operation over 
a quarter of a century. The distressed and suffering 
have for years found relief within its wide open 
doors. It is conducted on the very broadest prin- 
ciples of relief to the suffering, and its philanthropic 
purpose is seen in every move of its conduct. On 
the medical board and surgical staff of this hospital 
are professional gentlemen of the highest standing in 
the city. These self-sacrificing of medical profession 
are E. Gunther, president ; V. Nager, secretary ; 
Charles I. Ill, treasurer ; Dr. Edward III, R. P. 
Diefenbach, C. I. Kipp, H. Kornemann, E. F. I 
Lchlbach. Charles Lehlbach, Charles T^ehmacher, 




H. Sudmau and Fred Rexamer. 
Dr. Telger, home physician ; John 
Storz, superintendent ; Mrs. Storz, 
matron. Mr. H. F. Seiger is presi- 
dent of the board, F. Goehring is 
vice-president, Julius Stapff, treas- 
urer ; Hugo Fraentzel, financial 
secretary, and A. A. Sippel is sec- 
retary, with Directors Gottfried 
Krueger, H. Kreiler, Emil Schu- 
macher, Moses Strauss, Elias 
Bcrla and Christopher Miller, A. 
A. Sippel, H. Freitzel and John 
Goehring constitute the executive 

An institution altogether lovely, 
and one which is dispensing its 
benizens of home comforts to the 
aged and helpless poor of the city 
of Newark, has its Lares and Pen- 
ates set up in the capacious struct- 
ure, situate on Avon avenue in 
the northwestern section of the 
city, and known as the Krueger 
Pioneer Home for Aged Men, and 
so named in honor of its donor. 
Judge Krueger. Among the charit- 
ably inclined of the citizens of 
Newark, there had long been felt 
a pressure which was growing 

mightier as the seasons and years passed of a necessity existing for a home for aged men. It was not till iSSg, that the long existing 
thought took shape and the long theme of relief culminated in the organization of the association and the building of the home. This 
institution is governed by a board of directors selected from among its patrons and friends. 

Among the oldest of the charities for which the city of Newark is justly noted, is that of the Newark Orphan Asylum Association, 
which has had the care of thousands of children who have grown up to be useful members of the community in which they live. The 
Newark Orphan Asylum was organized in 184S, and has its building, which is a beautiful and imposing structure, an ornament, 
indeed, to any city, at the corner of High and Bleeker streets. It is under the care of women entirely and is managed by them solely. 
They receive orphans and half-orphans from two to ten years of age, and are pleased to receive visitors every Tuesday and Friday. 

Last though not least, of the five beneficent institutions which our artist has brought out so beautifully in his combination picture 
which illustrates a full page of this book of art is the Foster Home, which occupies the centre of the page and shows with marvelous 
clearness the architectual grandeur of the building, where so much of comfort is meted out to the unfortunate, who pass the early 
years of their life within its portals. This home is situate at No. 2S4 Belleville avenue, in the northern part of the city and is easy of 
access from all sections. It is worth a visit at all times to see the smile of contentment play over the faces of the little ones. 

The Newark Charitable Eye and Ear Infirnary was founded February i, 18S0. It was located at first near the northwest corner 

High street, surrounded by a large 
tract of land. During the year 
iSSi. it was moved to its present 
location. No. 60 Sterling street. 
Its object is the gratuitous treat- 
ment of the poor, for diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose and throat. It 
has an out-door and a hospital 
department. The dispensary is 
open for diseases of the throat in 
the morning and for eye and ear 
in the afternoon Up to date 
49,500 patients have been treated 
for the eye and ear and 2,783 for 
throat diseases. During the last 
year there were almost 200 treated 
in the wards. The property be- 
longs to the association, but there 
is a heavy mortgage on it. The 
instution is supported by volun- 
tary contributions and a small 
donation from the city. A strik- 
ing illustration of the infirnary 
building is seen in the combina- 
tion picture, occupying the lower 






THERE are not many publications of their kind in this country 
better known than the Daily Advertise^- and the Sentinel 
of Freedom. The first issue of the latter publication was sent out 
ou October 5, 1796, and was the beginning of the second Newark 
newspaper. Daniel Dodge was the printer and Aaron Penning- 
ton the editor, and the recordsof that day announce that the office 
was the old First Church building, near the Court House. It was 
an ambitious paper, and made such headway that one year from 
its foundation it was enlarged and embellished to such an extent 
that Messrs. Pennington and Dodge placed their names as the 
responsible publishers and felicitated themselves and their readers 
on the "gayety of attire" which it donned with its first birthday. 

proprietors. In his long control of the newspaper Mr. T. T. 
Kinney developed rare acumen as a conductor of a really great 
journal, and built up a property which ranked with the rich 
periodicals of the United States. In Oba Woodruff he had an 
assistant familiar with his superior's mental and business trend, 
and master of all the nice details of management. Mr. Woodruff 
went into the office of the Advertiser when barely fourteen years 
old, and died in the ser\ice of the journal he had worked for 
so long and so zealously. His death occurred in 1892, and 
few Newark men have been so sincerely and widely regretted- 
He was known to thousands through the Advertiser, and his con- 
nection with the Board of Freeholders as its clerk for twenty-four 

In October, 1799, the publication passed under the control of 
Jabez Parkhurst and Samuel Pennington. On January i, iSoo, 
the proprietorship changed again, Mr. Parkhurst's interest being 
taken by Stephen Gould. The latter retired in May, 1803, and 
Mr. Pennington in November of the same year, the Se?itinel of 
Freedom then becoming the property of William Tuttle and John 
Pike. In 1S04 Mr. Pike dropped away and the firm was known as 
William Tuttle & Co. until the periodical was sold to the Daily 
Advertiser, and merged with which as its weekly edition it has 
since remained. 

The Daily Advertiser was first issued in Jlarch, 1S32, as an 
exponent of Whig principles, and was a sturdy advocate of Henry 
Clay and his protective tariff policy. As the first daily newspaper 
in New Jersey it achieved prominence rapidly, and under able 
conduct had great weight in political affairs. After the fever of 
the political campaign was over the newspaper passed into the 
hands of Mr. William B. Kinney ; from him went into the pro- 
prietorship of Mr. T. T. Kinney, and thence to its present 

years, gave a still more extensive acquaintance. Another of the 
able men who gave prestige to the paper was the late Sanford B. 
Hunt. Of broad mind, thoroughly read, with a style always 
graceful, sometimes pungent, never weak, he ranked as a writer 
with the foremost editors of his time. At the death of Dr. Hunt 
the chief editorhsip devolved on Noah Brooks, now the principal 
writer of the paper and a worthy successor to the man whose 
chair he fills. Mr. Brooks is known the country over as an editor 
of experience and a vigorous writer. 

The illustrations which accompany this sketch are portraits of 
men who have made the Advertiser famous, and the design 
gives an idea of one of Newark's literary features. 

The Advertiser is old, but it is a potential factor in the 
progress of the city, a conserver of public morals and a magazine 
of news covering civilization. Recently it changed its form, and 
the familiar aspect of the paper was lost, but in its new shape it 
still wins its way, saving all that was good of the old and adding 
new force and new laurels to its renewed vouth. 




SINCK its first issue, September i, iS53, the 
record of the Newark Evening News has 
been on 3 of constant and rapid growth. Starting 
with an edition of about 3,000 copies, run off on a 
little press capable of printing only one side of 3,600 
sheets an hour, the paper has in ten years attained 
a daily circulation of 33,000. This is far more than 
twice the largest circulation ever attained by any 
other New Jersey daily newspaper. 

In the tenth year of its wonderful career the owners 
of the Evening News purchased the fine double 
building at Xos. 215-217 Market street, nearly the 
whole of which is devoted to its use. Here it has an 
equipment by far surpassing that of any other New 
Jersey newspaper. Each of the two great quadruple 
Hoe presses, made to the order of the publishers, is 
capable of printing, cutting and folding 48,000 six 
or eight page ; 24.(X)o ten, twelve, fourteen or six- 
teen page ; or i2,oo<j twenty, twenty-four or twenty- 
eight page papers an hour. 

This splendid press room equipment is the fifth 
put in to meet the necessities imposed by the growth 
of the News. The little press first put up in the cellar 
of the building, Xo. 844 Broad street, proved in a very 
few months inadequate to meet the demands upon it, 
and was replaced by another with a capacity of 12,000 
copies an hour. Only four-page papers were printed then, 
it being necessary-, when eight-page ones were needed, to 
print two sheets separately and fold them together. In a 
year or two this press was in turn replaced by another of 
double its capacity, and using stereotype plates. This 
soon proved unequal to its duties, and was followed by 
still another, the capacity again being doubled. That 
press, the last used in the Broad street building, was capable 
of only half the work which can be done by each of the quadruple 

the Ne-u-s had outgrown its old quarters. Additions had been made 
to the building, Xo. 844, and the upper floors of the one adjoining, Xo. 
.S46, had been leased and used. In the Evening A'ews building all the 
departments of the paper find ample accommodations. 

Closely connected with the press room is a complete stereotyping 
apparatus. The presses are run and power for other work is furnished 
by a double fifty horse power engine. The building is lighted 
throughout by electricity, the entire plant being owned and operated 
by the A'ews. 

The number of men employed in the composing room of the News is 
far in excess of that working on any other New Jersey newspaper. In 
all its departments the same fact holds good. It does more work and 
employs more men to do it than any of its State contemporaries. 

From the beginning the Evening News has been under the same 
management. Wallace M. Scudder is the publisher and Henry Abbott 
Steel IS the editor. They started the paper and have been in constant 
charge of its affairs. William Hooper Howells is the manager of the 
advertising department, which has fully kept abreast with the paper's 
growth in circulation and influence. Rusell P. Jacoby was the first 
city editor. The editorial, reportorial, business and mechanical staffs 
are large and are directed by the men who founded the paper. 

The Evening News is a newspaper pure and simple. It is entirely 
independent in politics. It has no social, financial or political axes to 
grind, no interests except those of the public to serve, and no entangle- 
ments to make it negligent to those interests or untrue to them. 





NO WORK that is in any way descriptive of the Newark of 
to-day would be complete without something more than a 
passing allusion to that bright and welcome weekly visitor, Town 
'Talk. The people of Newark are practical, every day, common 
sense, business folks, not inclined, as a rule, to be over enthusias- 
tic, but as regards Town Talk there can be no question or doubt 
of the interest the)- feel in it. Why is this ? Because, weekly it 
comes to please their senses by its handsome artistic appearance, 
which is not surpassed by any similar publication in the country, 
to drive awaj- dull, carking care with merry jest and funnv illus- 
trations, to keep them posted with regard to the happenings of 
society, of the matrimonial events that have transpired or are to 
come, of music, the drama, the various sports, in short, because it 
is thoroughly and intensely Newark in every way. Its success 

has been phenomenal, and far greater than its projectors even 
dared to hope for, and it never passed through the vicissitudes 
which so many of the barks launched on the sea of journalism 
experience. On the contrary, its first issue was received with the 
greatest favor, and the passing j-ears have served to enhance the 
high opinion in which it is held by the people of Newark. Fear- 
less, entertaining, with fresh, crisp, humor, the brightest of 
illustrations and the most trenchant of comment on matters of 
local interest, it is conducted with marked ability in every 
department, and its immense popularity and ever growing circu- 
lation bear the best evidence that its high standard, literary 
merit, and advanced ideas are appreciated by the community at 
large. It was established March 15, 1S90, by Messrs. S. R. and 
Wm. A. Baker, its present editors and proprietors. 


INGULAKI.V enough, the Board of Trade of 
the city of Newark, a great manufacturing 
city, is of com- 


'SI MK\ I Ol 

^V , "^I^IP. p a r a t i V e 1 >• 
hj^^^^i^^ recent origin 

/^f C^^Mr^ ' ' "■ 3 s not 

- *^^" until the year 

iS68 that the 
first steps 
toward its 
organiza t i o n 

were taken. Kebruary 20th, of 

that year, a call was issued to the 

merchants and manufacturers of 

the city to attend a meeting, to be 

lield in the old Librarj- building. 

on Monday, February 24th, at 7.30 

!■. M., " to consider the propriety 

of organizing an association or 

Board of Trade in this city." In 

])ursuance of that call only sixteen 

gentlemen assembled. These 

were : (General X. X. Halstead. 

James R. Sayre, Jr.. Henry \V. 

Duryee. Henry Hill. Moses 

Bigelow, Thomas \V. I.)awson. 

C Harrison Condit, George Peters. 

William H. McClave. Isaac fJaston. 

I'hineas Jones, Orson Wilson. 

<;. X. Abeel, S. R. W. Heath, 

Thomas Sealy and William II 

(Jeneral Halstead was chosen 

chairman, and Colonel Abeel 

secretary of the meeting. The 

following^resohitions were presented by Mr. Hill, duly seconded 

and unanimrms- 
Iv carried : 

•• R e so iTcii. 
that we do here- 
by organize our- 
selves into a 
Board of Trade 
in the city of 

C o m ni i Itees 
were appointed 
on constitution 
and by-laws, on 
nermanent or- 
ganization and 
on permanent 

On the 17th of 
March, 1S6S, a 
meeting was 
held to com- 
plete the organ- 
ization, and a 
committee was 
appoint ed to 
11 om i nate offi- 
cers. The elec- 
tion was held 
.March 21st. and 


>Eill liOVI'l 

iiv Till-; iiu.uiii 


the following gentlemen were elected unanimously: President. 
Thomas \V. Dawson; Vice-presidents, General X. X. Halstead. 

M OSes Bigelow, Theodore P. 
Howell ; Secretary, Col. Gustavus 
N . Abeel; Treasurer, Isaac 
Gaston ; Directors, George Peters, 
S. R. W. Heath, Orson Wilson, 
Peter II. Ballantine, William H. 
Camp, William H. McClave, 
Thomas Sealy, William M. Force 
and Herman Schalk. 

The following year the Board of 
Trade was incorporated by an act 
of the Legislature of Xew Jersey. 
Since its organization the Board 
has always been active in all 
matters and measures likely to 
etfect and advance the best inter- 
ests of the city. As far back as 
1.S73 it began to advocate the 
obtaining of a new and better 
water su])ply for the city, and it 
has been largely in.strumental in 
securing the s])lendid supply of 
pure water in which the city now 

The Board of Trade began the 
agitation which finally aroused the 
citizens to the necessity of a free 
])ublic library, and culminated in 
the establishment of a library 
which is the city's joy and pride. 

It was also mainly instrumental 
in raising a fund to endow and 
carry on the Technical School 

which has alieady demonstrated its v.aluc ,-ind importance in the 

industrial prog- 
ress of the city. 
By the Board s 

energetic action 

and advocacy 

a n appropria- 

t i on was se- 
cured from Con- 

g r e s s for the 

erection of a 

n e w Unit c d 

Stales Custom 

House and Post- 

Otficc building 

worthy of the 

growing size 

and importance 

of the city. It is 

also largely due 

to this Board 

that the railroad 

fares between 

Newark and 

Xew York were 


One of the 

first things 

taken up by the 

new body after s.vmuki. .\iuATr:i<, iiusr \ icjK-rui;suii;xT. 




Its organization 
was the i m- 
provement o f 
the navigation 
(if the Passaic 
River. In 1868 
a memorial was 
sent to Congress 
asking for an 
app ropriation 
for that pur- 
pose, and in 
1S74 the Board 
liad the pleasure 
nf listening to 
a report on the 
manner in 
« hich the river 
was being 
dredge d and 
dj'ked by the 
United States 
L-orps of engi- 
neers, under 
(leu. John New- 
ton. In 1S84 it 
sent another 
petition to Con- 
gress for the continuation of those improvements, and several 
appropriations have since been made for that purpose mainly 
through its instrumentality. The Board's solicitude for the 
promotion of the city's water commerce is seen in the active part 
it took in the attempt to build a ship canal between Newark and 
New York. An effort was made to secure an appropriation from 
Congress, but it failed, and eventually the project was abandoned. 
The river to this day receives great attention from this body of 
business men ; any obstructions in its channel are reported by it 
to the proper authorities as soon as known of. 

The Board in the first year of its life induced the New Jersey 
Railroad Company to lengthen the span of its draw-bridges over 
the river so as to leave a space of 70 feet in width for the passage 

of boats and 
ships. It has 
since fought 
against the 
practice of the 
railroad c o m- 
panies to close 
the draws in 
the winter for 
repairs at such 
dates as they 
pleased and for 
as long as they 
pleased. Now 
each bridge is 
closed at a 
stated date and 
for a stated 
length of time. 
Indeed, with- 
o u t dwelling 
longer upon de- 
tails, it may be 
safely said that 
the B o a rd of 
Trade has been 
energetic, e n- 
I-. T. C.1LINN, SECRET.4KV. thusiastic and 

active in every 
movement to- 
the city's ad- 
vantages a n d 
resources, i t s 
m anu f acturcs 
a n d its c o ni- 

The B o a r d 
has now a mem- 
bership of over 
two hunc'rjd, 
and includes 
among its num- 
bers all of the 
most prominent 
and progressive 
manuf acturers, 
merchants and 
pr of essi on;il 
men in the city. 
It ought, in the 
future to be a 
potent, if not 
principal factor 
in the city's 
advance ment 
and prosperity, and its past achievements should be eclipsed. 

The monument of Seth Boyden, Newark's greatest mechanic, 
in Washington Park, was erected by the efforts of this Board, at 
once an ornament and a monument to its own public spirit. 
This statue was modeled by Karl Gerhardt, of Hartford, Conn., 
and is a work of art of w-hich any city may be proud. But aside 
from its aesthetic value, it is the first public monument ever 
erected to the honor of labor in this or any other country. 

The Board of Trade, its meetings as well as its publications, 
have been the influential medium through which Newark and its 
commercial advantages have developed into metropolitan 
greatness and success. Early it saw its opportunity, and 
it is to be congratulated upon its achievements. 

The present 



officers of 
Board for 
year 1892 
as follows : 

Allan Lee 
Bassett ; Vice- 
p residents, 
John B. Sto- 
baeus, Samuel 
Atwater, Elias 
S. Ward ; Sec- 
ret ary, P. T. 
Quinn : Treas- 
urer, James E. 
F lem ing ; Di- 
rectors, Samuel 
S. S arge an t , 
William A. Ure, 
George A. Wil- 
liams, George 
W. Wieden- 
m ay e r, A. B. 
Twitchell, R. 
G. Salomon, 
Riley W. Bond. 
James Hodge, 
A. E. Seliger. 



fJi^f^- y H E pioneers of Newark were evidently believers 

yy _^^~^ in the maxim. •' There's nothinj; like leather," 

^B W^^ • and their faith has been justified. The leather 

jfl F»Q business has been one of the chief factors of 

'^^^ 4t_/ ^^^ greatness of the city. It has already been 

• fjf shown how the first tannery in the town was 

^J ^ established by Azariah Crane, in the year 1698. 

iP^ #\> near "the watering place for cattle," and how 

^^ the necessary land was given him " so long as 

he doth fiillow the Trade of tanning." More 

than twenty years prior to this time, in the year ifi7f), a " Sealer 

"tanner)" of which there is any record or mention, is that 
established by Azariah Crane in 1698. 

Figures are not forthcoming to show the progress of the leather 
industry during the first century and a half of the town's 
existence. But in the year iSio we find, by the United States 
census for that year, that the town turned out $451,970.00 worth 
of leather and leather products. In the year 1S30 there were 
thirteen tanneries in the town, with an aggregate capital of The value of the leather turned out by them in that 
year was $503,000.00. This did not include products manufac- 
tured from leather. In the vear 1S35 the value of the leather 


of Leather " was appointed " for this Town," "according to the 
order of the General Assembly," and it has been argued thence 
that leather was made in the town prior to the year 1676, but it is 
probable that what leather was made was simplj' home- tanned, 
and that merely the surplus over what was needed for home 
consumption was offered for sale. This appears the more likely 
from the fact that the preamble of the Act of the General 
Assembly, ordering Sealers of Leather to be appointed, recites 
that complaints had been frequently made that leather sold in 
the province had been insufficiently tanned. It was evidently 
home-made, amateurish work. But at all events the first 

product of the town was 8889,200.00, an increase of more than 
seventy-five per cent, in five years. The following year, 1836, a 
census w-as taken by the city authorities, and from it we find 
that the value of the leather product was $899,200.00. We also 
find that the manufacture of boots and shoes gave employment 
to 734 persons, and turned out a product valued at 81,523,000.00 ; 
and that the manufacture of saddles, harness, whips, &c., gave 
employment to 590 persons, with an output valued at 8885,500.00. 
By the year i860 the number of tanneries in the town had 
increased to thirty, with an aggregate capital of 81.025,300.00, 
employing 1,064 men, and with an output valued at $2,880,022.00. 



* r ^ ..ii t- 




In the year 1870 there were forty-five tanneries, and the total 
output was valued at $5,998,361.00 In the year 1880 the number 
of leather manufacturing houses was only thirtj'-nine, but the 
total value of their output was $10,442,092.00, or almost double 
that of 1870. 

At the present writing the United States census for the j-ear 
1890 of the manufacturing interests and products of Newark has 
not been published, so that it is impossible to give any figures 
for that year. 

The most remarkable branch of the leather industry in Newark 
is the manufacture of patent and enameled leather. The father 

of this industry here was Seth Boyden, whose name is so memor- 
able in the industrial history of the city. His sales of patent 
leather in the year 1S24 amounted to $9,703.06. In the year 1S40 
two houses were engaged in the manufacture of patent leather, 
with a total production of $18,229.17. In 1S50 the number of 
patent leather tanneries had increased to four, and the value of 
their output had swelled to the sum of $216,666.67. I^i 1870 the 
number of these tanneries was fourteen, and the value of their 
production 82,999,180.00. The next decade does not show as 
great a relative increase in the trade, for which, no doubt, the 
long financial depression from 1S73 to 187S was responsible. In 
1880 the total output of the patent leather tanneries was $3,480,- 
981.67, an increase, however, during the decade of over thirteen 
per cent. During the year ending June 30, i88g, the total value 
of the production of patent leather had grown to the vast propor- 
tions of $5,567,575.00 ; number of tanneries twenty-three. 


T. F". HOWELL cS: CO. 

IX I S40 the late Theodore P. Howell laid the foundations of the 
great leather industrial establishment which occupies several 
acres of ground on the Morris Canal, New, Wilsey and Nutman 
streets, which is in all probability the greatest tanning and 
currying establishment in many respects in the world. Mr. 
Howell not only found time to superintend his great tanneries in 
Newark, but also had an immense slaughtering establishment in 
New York City, where he had a quarter of a million beeves 
dressed under his immediate care in order to avoid the cuts, 
bruises and scarifications which nearly ruin so many hides from 
carelessl}^ dressed beeves. 

The establishment has been carried on since the death of Mr, 
Howell in 1878, by his sons Henry C, and Samuel C. Howell. 
both of whom are worthy representatives of their illustrious 
father. Under their care the business has gone steadily forward 
till this year, 1892, when it requires such an array of figures as 
follows to represent its greatness, viz : 40,000 hides of beeves, 
150,000 skins of sheep, 10,000 skins of mountain deer and 10,000 
skins of calf, are yearly turned mto leather, requiring the labor 
of quite six hundred skilled workmen. The output of this house 
has a vahie of more than a million of dollars annually. 

NEIVARK. X. /.. //./.rsTA'.l /•/■:/). 





WE present herewith 
an illustration of 
the establishment of 
Blanchard. Bro. & Lane, 
on the block bounded by 
Bruen, Hamilton and 
McWhorter streets, also 
a portrait of its founder, 
Noah F. Blanchard. 

The name of Blanchard 
is closely mterwoven with 
the patent leather indus- 
try of Newark, the four 
brothers, Noah F. . David 
O., Samuel F. and 
Charles C, having been 
all brought up as tanners 
and japanncrs of leather. 
Newark being the central 
point of this industry, 
they removed here from 
the East early in the 
forties, and soon became 
noted for their skill in and 
knowledge of this busi- 
ness, to which they have 
devoted their energies. 

I n i860 the oldest 
brother, Noah F., started 
the business which has 
since developed into an 
immense establishment, 
the name of which is 
known wherever the 
article of patent leather 
is used. The year 
following, Mr. P. Van 
Zandt Lane joined the 
Blanchard brothers. 


ever been to maintain the high standard Newark leather has in the markets of the world. 


uniting his business and financial knowledge with their practical oversight of 
the manufacturing department, and he now occupies the position of head of the 
corporation in which the firm was merged after the death of the founder, 
whose sons now occupy the practical position held by their honored father. 

The present officers of the company are P. Van Zandt Lane, president ; 
Theodore C. E. Blanchard, vice-president ; Matthew T. Gay, treasurer ; Leno.K 
S. Rose, secretary, and Fred. C. Blanchard, superintendent. 

The goods of this company find markets in all parts of the world, their 
production being used by the carriage, harness, upholstery and shoe trades, 
their reputation being of the highest grade. Gold medals and diplomas were 
received by them for their exhibit at the International Leather Exposition in 
Berlin in 1877, and at the late Paris Universal Exposition, and their efforts have 



C. H. & J. D. HARRISON. 

The Inventor of Patent Leather 

TH E extensive tanneries of C. 
H. & J. D. Harrison occupy a 
large plot of gi'ound bounded b}- New 
York avenue, McWhorter and Garden 
streets, but a few yards from the 
tracks of the Pennsylvania Railroad. 
These immense tanneries now, in 
1892, have an output of several hun- 
dred thousand dollars. This firm 
allows no hides to go into their vats 
except fri ni the backs of steers fat- 
tened for market, and consequentl)- 
the brands of leather which they turn 
out are very popular in the marts of 
trade. The Harrison brands of coach, 
carriage, saddle and harness leathers 
are of the very finest quality, as we'.l 
as the fancy leather in colors, the 
book-binding, the traveling bag and 
belt leathers, all of which are popular 
and find a ready sale. While the 
Harrisons have never allowed their 
business to suffer in consequence, 
thej' have found time to act the part 
of a worthy citizenship and have served the people in official 
capacities, John D. having been made Sheriff of Essex county, 
and Charles H. elected to the Legislature. John D. is now 
president of the Security Savings Bank and of the Newark 
Electric Light and Power Co., and the Domestic Sewing Machine 
Co., and is connected with other financial and business institutions. 



AS t h e wayfarer passes along 
Broad street and his eye casual- 
ly turns to the "westward, he sees the 
monument erected in lasting bronze 
to the memory of the aproned mon- 
arch, Seth Boyden, one of the greatest 
geniuses in mechanism that the world 
has ever produced. 

Seth Boyden ! What a simple name, 
but what a fame ! The world is full of 
monuments erected in honor of war- 
riors, statesmen and eminent divines. 
Cities almost everywhere have de- 
lighted to honor their noted dead, but 
it was left to the city of Newark, in 
the State of New Jersey, to honor the 
mechanic and inventor. It was left 
to Newark to pay the just tribute to 
the man who built the first locomo- 
tive, the inventor of patent leather 
and malleable iron. In honor of Seth 
Boyden, whose genius in mechanics 
and invention contributed bej'ond 
measure to the upbuilding of the 
great industrial city of Newark, and laid the foundation 
for the great leather industries carried on here, there stands 
and will stand as the ages flit by, the monument of honor, 
which, if the passerby will stop to contemplate, will teach 
such lessons of love and generosity as will continue so long 
as life lasts. 

C. H. i- J. D. HARRISUX, NKW Vi JRK AVEXUE, MlWHDKTER .VNl) l...\Klii:x >rkl,KTS. 



g i ■ I i i j I v^^.. 



THERE arc eighty-seven firms engaged in manufaeturing 
leather within the boundaries of the city of Newark, which 
turn out such an enormous quantity of leather as would startle 
any who had not made themselves acquainted with the facts in all 
their various forms as they exist at the present time. The 
united productions of these great industrial concerns are dis- 

tnbuted throughout the cities of the United States, and quite a 
large percentage exported to other countries. The illustrations 
on this page represent the works of Mr. Reuben Trier, manufac- 
turer of patent and enameled leather. The plant was founded in 
1S82, situated on McWhorter and Kinney streets, and though 
young in years, comparatively, makes a showing worthy of high 
commendaticm. The house is a leading one in its line of trade, 
and its founder and conductor, Mr. Reuben Trier, ranks among 
the prominent and able representatives of the patent and 
enameled leather industry of Newark. 

Mr. Trier is himself a practical tanner, and a gentleman of wide 
experience and acknowledged skill in the leather trade, in the 
successful prosecution of which he has displayed in a marked 
degree the sterling qualities and progressive enterprise that 
characterizes the prosperous manufacturer. The tanneries of 
Mr. Trier cover nearly the entire block fm McWhorter street, 
between Oliver and Kinney streets. They are equipped with all 
the latest and very best improvements known to the trade. In 
the conduct of his tanneries the proprietor gives steady employ- 
ment to nearly one hundred skilled workmen in tl.e various 
departments, and judging from the progress made in the past 
decade the necessity will soon exist for an enlargement of the 
plant and for an increase in the number of hands. 

The products include all brands of patent and enameled leather, 
and the finer grades of furniture leather, this latter being a 
specialty of the firm, all of which find a ready sale in the cities of 
this country. The house is well and favorably known, and its 
founder is one of the most successful representative leather manu- 
facturers o£ the city. 

Mr. Trier is not only a successful business man, but is one of 
those men who has a strong hold on the confidence and afTections 
of the people, and has often been called upon to fill places of 
public trust and honor. He has represented his Assembly district 
in the State Legislature for three successive terms to the satisfac- 
tion of his constituents. Jlr. Trier is now a member of the 
Board of Works. 


f» -fs 




MONG the numerous tanneries which have contributed to 
make the city of Newark, X. J., the centre of the patent 

and enameled 
leather indus- 
try of the Uni- 
ted States, and 
perhaps of the 
world, are the 
works of Mr. 
Hugh Smith, 
located on Cen- 
tral a venue, 
Bleecker, Hoyt 
and Lock 
streets. These 
tanneries stand 
d e s e r V e d 1 V 
hijjh. Starting 
in 1862, with a 
capital of less 
than two hun- 
dred dollars this 
jjublic spirited 
and enterpris- 
ing citizen has 
Ijuilt up a busi- 
ness of large 




jjroportions for the manufacture of the celebrated "iHirham 
Brand" of patent enameled and fancy colored leather of every 
descr i p ti on, 
which are sold 
from his own of- 
fice without the 
aid of a single 
salesman, thus 
making their 
own market and 
c om m an ding 
the highest pri- 
ces. Mr. Smith 
is ably assisted 
by his two sons 
Jlessrs J. T. 
and H.E,Smith. 
For s e v e r a 1 
years much of 
the responsi- 
ble detail work 
of the establish- 
ment has fallen 
to the hands of 
these represen- 
tative young 
businessmen. r. s.umh. 

AEirARK, X. /., n.T.VSTRATED. 



THE city of Newark. N. J., favored as it undoubtedly is by 
location and natural advantages, combined with the push 
and enterprise of its citizens, has steadily advanced in wealth, 
influence and prosperity, until at the present time it stands 
unrivaled as a manufacturing centre amongst the great cities of 
the American Union. In the pursuit of manufacturing industries, 
•■there is no city in the United States that surpasses it in the 
numerous variety of its industries." Hence, that particular 
interest which has contributed so much toward accomplishing this 
grand result, must necessarily be a vastly important one. Such 

of this city and its busy artisans. The superior advantages 
afforded by the location of the city for the cheap and rapid 
acquirement of raw material, together with the abundance and 
cheapness of jjower, both water and steam, gave the industry an 
impetus in the outset, which has never lagged up to the present 
time. Among the large establishments now devoted to the con- 
duct of this branch of industry is that of Mr, M. Siedenbach. 

The extensive tanneries of Mr. M. Siedenbach, corner of 
Summer and Seventh avenues are noted for their production of 
the various grades of bag, trunk, case, pocket-book, bookbinders 


to-day is the leather industrj' with millions of dollars invested, 
emplo)-ing as it does thousands of skilled citizen mechanics, and 
with inumerable kindred interests dependent upon it. Nearly 
two centuries ago the first leather factory or tannery was erected 
in April, ifigS, in what was then called the Swamj), now Market 
street, by Azariah Crane. Since then the leather business has 
been an almost indispensable adjunct to the manufacturing 
interests of the city. What the cutlery industrj- is to Sheffield, 
England : the iron interest to Pittsburg; or the grain interest to 
Chicago, so the leather interest may be said to stand in its rela- 
tion to the welfare and importance of Newark, being by far the 
most largely represented of any of its industries. In 1818 the 
manufacture of patent and enameled leather was introduced by 
Seth Boyden, who is the author of numerous useful and valuable 
inventions which have contributed in no small degree to the fame 

and furniture leather, in all colors. The plant is one of the most 
complete in the city, being well equipped with all the latest and 
most improved machinery throughout. Mr. Siedenbach uses only 
cow-hides which are handled from the raw or salted state, the tan- 
ning and finishing being all done on the premises and under his 
own personal supervision. The "Seal Brand" of this house is 
well and e.xtensivelj- known in all the markets of the United 
States, and are exported to Canada, South America and the 
States of Europe. 

The success of Mr. Siedenbach is due largely to the careful 
attention which he devotes to the business and his complete 
understanding of the wants of the trade. He is very particular 
as to the minutest details of filling and shipping orders, and thus 
he has gained the good will of the trade, with a bright promise 
of its retention. 





THE business of this flourishing young firm had its foundation 
laid in 1882. In a small way Richard Cashion and John 
B. Flynn, two enterprising young men who had served appren- 
ticeships, opened business, but their knowledge of tanning in all 
its branches was such a helpmeet that they soon established 
themselves (although the older tannery men dubbed them " the 

boys,"' ) it was not long before they reached such an advanced 
state as to need enlarged quarters, and they increased their 
advantages accordingly. 

Their establishment is on Chapel street, and has a capacity of 
several hundred thousand dollars. The beautiful engravings of 
their buildings, as illustrated herewith, show very truthfully 
where their specially popular brand of patent enameled furniture 
and hat leather is made. They employ about seventy-five men 
and turn out two hundred and fifty hides a week. 













WW iiilii 

^11 I'll I MIllSl^ 

1 tiijii 

the infinite variety of its leather pro- 
ductions The Hamburgh Cordovan 
Tanneries of R. G. Salomon have few- 
equals and no superiors. These great tan- 
neries over which Mr. Salomon presides 
with masterly genius and marvelous suc- 
cess, had their foundations laid in 1S77 in 
an unpretentious little place, where he 
labored himself and gave employment t<i 
two others. From these modest beginnings 
has grown the great industrial establish- 
ment, which in many respects, take rank 
with the best in the world. The unbounded 
spirit of enterprise, the genius and wisdom, 
the never say fail character of R. (i. Salo- 
mon when studied by the light of the 
splendid results seen in the successful 
upbuilding of his great business, are worthy 
of the highest commendation and the fullest 

In the great tanneries covering the im- 
mense territory extending from Xo. 99 to 1 1 5 
Sussex avenue, and from Xo. 14 to 38 

Nesbitt street, more than six hundred and fifty men are given 
steady employment at remunerative wages. Not these great 
bee hives of industry alone are sufficient for the conduct of his 
great business, but he must need occupy the immense building on 
Avenue C. formerly occupied by the late decea,sed and well-known 
morocco manufacturer, Christy Xugent, as well as two immense 
warehouses in Xewark. with branches in New York, Boston, San 
Francisco and Chicago, as helpmeets indeed. To satisfy the 
insatiate maws of his tanneries representative agents are kept 
busy gleaning the markets of the world for hides and skins, 
Africa, Australia and far-away India; England, France, Austria 
and Germany, also contributing rich material for satisfying the 
growing appetite of these great tanneries. Into his enormous vats 
more than three million skins are placed every year. In their 
passage Ihnjugh the various stages of their conversion into 
leather resulting in the enormous total output of more than $2,000, 
cxx), with a capacity for,o<xj of dollars a year. In this con- 
nection, it may be interesting to know that thousands of the 
skins of the high leaping kangaroo or marsupial of Australia, 
find their wav over more than fourteen thousand miles of 




boisterous sea, to be converted into leather in the tanneries 
of Salomon only to make the same journey back to \'an Dieman's 
Land for conversion into shoes for the people to wear. Just 
here, it is not unworthy of mention, that R. G. Salomon is the 
father of the horse hide tanning industry of Newark and in this 
country, as well as being one of the ohief promoters of the busi- 
ness of tanning and converting into leather the hides of the 
steady-going, busy, old porpoise of the seas, for the capture of 
which he maintains his own private fisheries at Ilatteras and in 
the Gulf of St.. Lawrence. His tireless agents also gather in 
yearly, thousands upon thousands of skins from the deer and the 
antelope roaming the hills; and goats from the far away rocky 
crannies, in order that the skilled artists and rare manipulators of 
hides and skins of animals in his employ may be supplied with 
a sufficiency fif raw material to keep them busy. He does not 
stop here, such a demand has his industry made for the utile 
and beautiful .alligator leather, which he turns out from his estab- 
lishments, it takes nearly or quite all of the precious time of that 
strange pachyderm growth from his babyhood alligatorship to 
his crocodile manhood to " mind his eye," while taking his sun- 
baths on mossy banks of the sluggish 
lagoons in the everglades of the South or 
lolling his hours away on the warm sands, 
lest the wily hunter who has learned the 
value of his scaly skin shall catch its 
sparkle and glimmer and send a " brain 
searcher," from his Minie rifle and start his 
scaly rough hide on its way North for con- 
version into leather in the vats of Salomon 
on Central avenue and Nesbitt street, from 
whence, " Heigh Presto," it comes forth 

With its markings quaint, strange and rare. 
To circle the waist of my lady fair. 

and we are divulging no secret when we 
state a fact that should be generally known 
that the alligator skins, in more than a hun- 
dred beautiful shades of color, are converted 
into dainty slippers worn in the Harems of 
Turkey, and that quite lately a demand has 
sprung up in China and Japan for this 
specialty. In all the great leather centres 
of the nations few brands are sought more 
generally and command a more ready sale, 
at better prices than the " Cordovan," of 
Newark, N. J. 




THE future of Newark as a manufacturing point is 
not a matter of guess work. It would have been 
made a certainty b)' its leather interests alone. The 
magnitude of this indtistry can scarcely be related with- 
out exciting a doubt as to the credibility of the narrator 
and the credulity of the reader, but in commercial circles 
the immensity of the business is well known 

In the front rank of the patent and enameled leather 
manufacturers stands Mr. Rielly, who in 1S71 established 
the factory on Avenue C, Murray and Astor streets, near 
Emmet street station of the Pennsylvania railroad, now 
one of the most prominent plants of its kind in the 
country. Every process through which the leather 
passes from its crude state to its finished state is under 
his personal supervision, and its market is the world. 
A thoroughness of manufacture and an enterprising 
policy of doing business, coupled with the known integ- 
rity of the man in commercial circles, compass the 
reasons of his exceptional success. Time was when 
Newark's leather industry was confined to a few tan- 
ners of hides and those who put them in shape for 
carriage use — or for that matter any use to which 
enameled leather may be put — were few and far between. 
Their product w-as the poorest, and would have driven 
the trade away from Newark, but for the work of such 
men as Mr. John Reilly. He is one of those who 
brought to bear upon the industry a wealth of energy 
and brain, which would have ensured success to any 
enterprise. It was attention to detail, a keen knowledge 
of the requirements of business and a determination to 
win, characteristic of the man, which won the way. 
The half tone engravings from photographs represented 
on this page, convey to the reader an idea of the works 
which Mr. John Reilly founded, and has presided over 
for nearly a quarter of a century. 

The golden value of a practical and thorough business 
education for men who embark in the manufacturing 






pursuits, has seldom found a more forcible illustration, than in the 
case of Mr. John Reill)'. Here is a man whose steady success has 
frequently led citizens to inquire the cause, which was principally 
his entering the patent and enameled leather industry with a keen 
vinderstanding of its many intricate demands. After a long and 
worthy apprenticeship Mr. Reilly started to build for himself a noble 
future, and his success may be read in his past clean record and his 
present standing in the manufacturing and commercial marts of the 
leather trade. He has labored strenuously to produce the very best 
grade of leather, and in his transactions towards his customers has 
at all times manifested a marked degree of business veracity. 




F< >R nearly two centuries the art of tan- 
ning and currying leather in all its 
various forms has been one of the staple 
industries of Newark, N. J. Ever since the 
establishment of the first tannery at the 
" swamp " or " watering place " on Market 
street in 169S. the business has steadily 
increased and wonderfully improved. 

Men of remarkable talent have been 
identified with this line of business, and the 
official records of the United States patent 
office at Washington unfold the stories of 
their achievements in the way of devising 
new methods, new processes, and new ]>ro- 
<lucts. Where the onward movement will 
ultimately reach, no man is wise enough to 
foresee. On this page is represented the 
works of Messrs. Conroy and Wey ranch, 
manufacturers of every description of fancy 
colored leather. The business was estab- 
lished in 18S1, and located at Nos. 45 and 
47 Morris avenue. The i)lant is admirably 
fitted up with every improvement imd 
enjoys a patronage of large proportions, 
due principally to the e.\cellent products, 
consisting of bofjkbinders', pocketbook 
makers", and all kinds of fancy c«)lored 
buffings, the latter brand being a sjjccial 

feature of the house. Messrs. Conroy and Weyrauch are practi- 
cal leather men with a thorough knowledge of the trade in all its 
details, and retain the confidence of all with whom thev have 
had business transactions. 

All the special brands of Newark made leather find a ready 
sale in the leather markets of the world, and always at fairly 
remunerative prices. Thus, it is, that so large a percentage of 
those engaged in the tanning and currying business within the 
bounds of the city of Newark, early become comfortably well-to- 
do, and not a few become millionaires. While Messrs. Conroy 
and Weyrauch do not yet class with the latter, they have gained 
such honorable competence as is a fitting reward for a career of 
well-doing. As an incentive to others to follow in the lines which 

c ■■Nk"\ .V WEVK W . II, 43 Wl" ^^ MOKKIS AVENIK. 

this company have laid down, they have but tn note their rapid 
progress made under the conditions surrounding this firm, who 
first became mechanics and studied the theory before they became 
practical business men, so that their |)rogress may not be 
evanescent and fleeting, but firm and enduring. With Conroy & 
Weyrauch, as with many other among the successful leather 
manufacturing firms of Newark, it has been the practical and 
theoretical knowledge of the business which has been their 
guiding star, while an honorable determination to succeed has 
lured them on to success and given them such a competence as 
might satisfy the most ambitiously inclined. " There's nothing 
like leather," except it be " good leather." 







THAT the city of Newark stands peerless and unrivaled among 
the manufacturing centres of America, is a fact on the record 
which stands without gainsaying. With a population of two 
hundred thousand souls— a .little more perhaps— it starts the 
wonder growing, when the realization of the fact steps to the front 
and settles the declaration that within the territorial boundaries 
there are fully fifteen thousand places where manufacturing in 
some one or more of its multitvidinous phases is carried on. High 
up on her pleasant hills, and among the wide-spreading branches 
of her forest of shade trees ; low down among the sands of " the 
Neck," along her busy thoroughfares and deep, dark alleys, from 
here, there, and almost every^vhere, the curl of the dark smoke i ; 
seen ascending from the slim pipe 
or tall chimney of some place where 
manufacturing is in progress. 

Among the nearly one hundred 
tanneries nestling in every part of 
her domain, where much of the 
very best leather in the world is 
made, the industry carried on by 
L. M. Smith & Sons, at 6i and 63 
Lock street, adjoining the canal, 
although young in years when 
compared with many which are 
hoary with age and filled with 
honors now in the leather manu- 
facturing line, they have a rank 
and standing over which they may 
well feel elated. From i86g until 
1SS7 the head of the firm was asso- 
ciated with others, but the bent of 
his genius, his skill and persever- 
ence had to have a wider field in 
which to work out his long 
cherished ideal, and taking his two 
sons with him, they started the 

manufacture of leather on their own account, founding the firm 
above named. Herein, the success which has followed their close 
application to business, which first had the necessary practical 
acquaintance, is an example for young men growing up in our 
midst, which would insure great profit to them by emulation. L. 
M. Smith & Sons now employ between twenty-five and thirty 
skilled workmen, and handle 250 hides a week, which they convert 
into patent, enameled and bag leather ; also leathers for 
pocket-books, and fancy colored leathers in great variety, all of 
which find a ready sale in the several cities of the United States. 
If more of our young men had, and would exercise the moral 
courage which is having such a beautiful demonstration in the 
course that the younger members of this firm are pursuing, there 
would be more real success than now marks their progress. 

I.. M -Ml 1 li 




LONd j-ears before Moses Strauss had 
become afflicted with the desire to travel 
in foreign lands, Newark had been made the city 
t>f promise, as the home of men; where manu- 
facturing should be carried on. He had not 
looked up to the mighty Alp on Alp, nor seen 
them glinted over with the sun's evening adieu 
in finely spun lines of purple and gold, for the 
last time without lamenting his long delayed 
thought of tearing himself away from the land 
of his birth and the home of his fathers. 

The sound of the hammer, the purr of the 
wheel, the puff of the steam engine, as they 
came up from the cities and villages of his own 
native land, had little other purpose than to 
hurrj- him on in bid^ling adieu to home and 
Fatherland to seek his fortune in the new world, 
far away toward the setting sun, where his 
mind's eye lx;held the m<Klest Dame Fortune 
beckoning him on. In the fullness of faith 
to do and dare, with grip-sack in hand, the 
step is taken, and now the realizations of all, is to leave 
friends and kindred to establish a far-away home among 
strangers is upon him. but with a strong right hand the tear 
of regret that had sprang from sympathy's fount is dashed 
away forever, and his motto " Onward right. Onward," became 
the star of his hope, and but a few years roll by when 
among the many thousand manufacturing proprietors who have 
established places for carrying on their industries in the city of 
Newark, deserving particular mention is found that of Moses 
Strauss, who began the making of leather in 1867. His begin- 
nings were modest indeed, since he gave employment to only five 
workingmen, but there was a genius and push behind it, which 
no obstacle appeared ])owerful enough to hinder in its onward 

r : I h I ' ^ h V i \ 11 \\ 

'K I MK 1-1 AN I 

lUKMAN AM' \l.-^l■^ SIKI.KIS. 


Like many another from the Fatherland, Moses Strauss had a 
fondness for travel in his early years, and following this 
bent he visited various interesting points of the United States, 
but finally selected Newark as the place wherein to build a busi- 
ness, a name and a fortune. Having learned the trade of tanning 
and currj-ing, it was natural that he should early settle down to 
the idea, that there is " nothing like leather." So it is in no way 
surprising that we find Mr. Strauss engaged in the work of 
making leather, a business with which he is thoroughly 
acquainted, and giving another example of the tact and good 
judgment of the sons of the Fatherland. In the early days of his 
wonderfully successful career Mr. Strauss confined his efforts to 
the making of bag and belt leathers, but with that quick and 
certain discernment, for which Moses Strauss has ever been noted, 
he saw the opening of the large undeveloped field in the carriage 
and saddlery lines of leather and arranged his plant for its manu- 
facture. At this time he is turning out 350 hides a week from his 
great tanneries situated on the blocks of ground between John- 
son, Vesey and Hermon streets. The brands of leather turned 
out of his industrial establishment rank deservedly high and sell 
readily in all the leather marts at home and abroad. Wherever 
Newark made leather is sold (and where is it not ?) the finer 
grades manufactured by Moses Strauss are eagerly sought. 

As the thoughts revert to the young man, as he walked the streets 
of his native place and where everything is naturally dear to him, 
as the companions of his childhood and youth; the image of the 
ost opportunities and of so many failures time up before him and 
grudgingly give place to such a marked example of a wonderful 
success, following close on the decision to leave them all behind, 
to be cherished only in sweet remembrance, as the years, heavy 
laden with unreluctant toil for a living and competence roll by ; 
as he hies him away to America to enter the struggle in the race 
of life away over there. Here then, in the head of this one of 
Newark's great industrial establishments, now stands this young 
man in the person of Moses Strauss, another of the glorious 
examples for emulation by others, and in full demonstration of 
the fact that the lack of capital in cash to start with, is not a 
barrier against success, but as in the example of Moses Strauss 
and many others, who having the will, soon learn the way to cross • 
the barriers, mount the walls and plant their banners where they 
can float in triumph and where a full competence peacefully 

Mr. Strauss is happily situated in having an able son to assist 
him in bearing the burthen of his great business in the closing 
years of his active business life. Mr. Louis Strauss, his son, 
early felt leanings toward the calling and adopted the profession 
of his father for his life business. 




NEWARK stands to-day without 
a rival in the leather industry 
in the civilized world. The percent- 
age of her population engaged in the 
work of converting the hides of 
animals into leather, is truly startling 
in amount when compared with that 
of many of her sister industries. 
When the amount of capital invested 
in the tanning plants which have 
grown up within her borders in the 
past decade is considered, there is 
little wonder that the growth of the 
citv has been so phenomenal, and that 
when it is added to the entirety of 
money invested in leather-making 
enterprises, it mounts up to more 
than sixty millions of dollars. 

When the first tanner laid the foun- 
dations for the lime pit and tannery 
in the early history of the town, he 
in all probability built better than he 
knew. He little thought that in his 
modest beginnings he was lighting 
the spark of an industry that would 
know no quenching. He had much 
less thought that his modest begin- 
nings would have the marvelous growth and development, which 
marks the greatness of this important branch of the manufactur- 
ing industries of New Jersey's metropolitan city at this time. 

The history of the leather industry is so interwoven with the 
rise and progress of the cit\-'of Newark itself, that in writing the 
history of one, the statement of the facts relates to the other, so 
close do the lines of their march run together. 

Among the enterjirising firms engaged in this great branch of 
Newark's industrial interests, is found that of B. Cummings &r 
Bros., leather manufacturers, whose extensive tanneries are 
situated on Marshall street, near Washington. The beautiful and 
striking photographs of the Cummings tanneries, on this page, 
are indeed truthful representations of the buildings which are 
the homes of the several departments of the tanning industrj' 
which they conduct with such marvelous success. 

Like thousands of the other industries conducted in the city of 
Newark, which have grown to their present great proportions, 
the Cummings tanner\^ industry began life in a modest way in 
1879, Mr. James Cummings being the founder. He remained 

1 5 i ii 

■ I H i! i 


i;LK.N.\kh, j.\.M:;i .\N"I) jo:i.\ cl:mmixg.o 

1;.. CL'.MMI-N'GS ,S: UK"..,, (J RAW" 1' >K 1 • STREE'l . 

alone in the business until iSSi, when his brothers John and 
Bernard took an interest, when the firm of B, Cummings &■ Bros, 
was organized. They are each practical tanners, having learned 
the art in detail, thus becoming experts in the business, and it 
can now be said, if long and faithful apprenticeship, supplemented 
by years of practical experience in the leather industry, directed 
b)- more than ordinary intelligence and tact, is worth anything as 
an introduction to public favor, then the hou e of B. Cummings & 
Bros, is surely entitled to such favor. 

The fact that this house turns out a thoroughly good article has 
been long established, the personal oversight wliich the members 
of the firm give to the business, and the watchful care and over- 
sight which they give the manufacturing processes in all their 
stages making it quite impossible for an inferior or damaged 
article to come out of their vats or from off their finishing tables. 
Their factories being fitted up with all the latest improvements 
in the art of tanning, and being fully equipped with all the latest 
improved necessary appliances, and having in their employ a 
large corps of .skilled workmen, leather bearing the imprint of 

fine workmanship and the stamp 
of hands that are skilled, is the 
result. This house manufactures 
the finest grades of furniture, 
grain, bag, pocket-book, and an 
almost endless variety of fancy 
colored leather, all of which is 
noted for its superior quality and 
finish. In few markets do the 
leathers of B. Cummings & Bros, 
need an introduction. They have 
become so well-known that goods 
bearing their stamp have only to 
be seen to be appreciated, and find 
a ready sale in all the markets of 
the United States and Canada. 
The success which has marked the 
career of this firm is another of 
the demonstrations of the fact that 
it pays always to be well up in the 
theor}' of your adopted profession 
before attempting to practice it. 



■ ■ « V ■ j^" ' 

3 3jj '^.., 


Hi ill 



THE foundation of Newark's greatness as a manufacturing 
city was laid in the tanning of hides and the making of 
leather. From the beginning, this industry has seemed to draw 
the most active and business-like men. as well as the thoroughly 
skilled mechanics and artisans around its. in many respects, unin- 
viting exterior. The reason for this lies in the fact that the great 
incentive which draw men on : the rich results, were ever present. 
Whether the purity of the water and high quality of the aiaterials 
used has done its part, results alone can tell. The facts are 
before us that no set of men can make a better .showing on the 
tax books of the assessor than can those engaged in the manu- 
facture of the great staple — leather. 

Among the nearly one hundred firms engaged in this branch 
among the thousands of Newark's teeming industries, is that of 
The H. P. Witzel Company, who carry it on extensively in the 
capacious factory buildings photographs of which grace this page. 

This factory was established in 1S71), and has now been run- 
ning most successfully for nearly a decade and a half of years. 
Mr. H. P. Witzel, who honors the concern with his name, and is 
president of the company, is a thorough tanner, and takes pride 
in his art, never ceasing to labor for its exaltation by turning out 
the ver)' finest leather that human ingenuity can produce. Close 
application to business, deep study and painstaking care has pro- 
duced such results, which, when studied with care by others, 
redound to his credit and make him an authority. 

In iSSq Messrs. August Loehnberg and Uaniel Kaufherr were 
admitted as partners in the concern, and thus bringing to the 
conduct the industry, genius, talent and business acumen which 
soon confirmed the promises which Mr. Witzel saw in the proposed 
combination and enlargement. But many a brilliant promise has 
been nipped in the bud, and so it proved to this firm when the 
apparent certainty of an early future of success in business was 
checked by fire, when on Dec. 25, 1890, the entire plant was 
destroyed. Nothing daunted by this catastrophy, however, the 
go-ahead firm which knew no such word as fail, set to work 
immediately to clear away the charred remains of the debris out of 
the energy of years of labor, and began the construction of larger, 
better, more modern and convenient buildings in which to rebuild 
the stricken industry, and in a marvelously short period of time 
the wonderfully capacious and convenient buildings now occupied 
by the firm, and which the photographer's artist has transferred so 
truthfully to these pages, were ready to receive all the very latest 
and best improved labor and time-saving furniture and machinerj- 
necessarj- for carrying on the manufacture of leather. The fire 

tfmk ]ilace on the 25th of December, iSgo, and the new factories, 
to take the place of the old, were ready August i, iSgi. On the 
21st of May, 1S92, the company was incorjiorated with Herman P. 
Witzel as president, Daniel Kaufherr as vice-president, and 
August Loehnberg as treasurer. Located on Wright street 
and Avenue A, convenient to railroad facilities, where an easy 
and cheap transportation of the raw material and finished produc- 
tions are enjoyed, this prosperous firm carry on their growing 
business, making all kinds of patent and enameled leathers for 
domestic and exjwrt trades. The tanneries of this firm also make 
a fine grade of fancy morocco finish leather for upholsterers' use, 
which finds a ready sale wherever there is a demand for this line 
of leather productions. Into the vats of this industrial establish- 
ment 250 hides find their way each week, which are put through 
the various manipulations found necessary by the nearly fifty 
busy workmen engaged in converting them into the various 
grades of patent enameled, fancy morocco finish, and other grades 
and brands of leather made in the tanneries of this firm of H. P. 
Witzel Company. 





THE best indication of the 
increasing business of the 
leather trade of Newark is to be 
found in the way in which the 
leading houses are increasing 
their facilities, in order to keep 
pace with the growing demand 
made upon them. Among the 
many enterprising firms en- 
gaged in the leather interests 
of the city that of F. A. Schaef- 
fer is worthy of special men- 
tion. The business, the works of 
which illustrate this page, was 
established in 18S7, located at 
Nos. 57 and 59 Bergen street. 
The firm manufactures every 
description of bag, book, furni- 
ture, gimp, cord, fringes and 
fancy colored leather, which is 
unexcelled by any other house 
engaged in the same industry. 
The output consists chiefly of 
fancy trunk, book and binding- 
leather, which finds a ready 
sale in the leather markets of 
the United States and Canada. 
The firm's customers are per- 
manent ones, which is a sure 
proof of the superior quality of 

their productions and the liberal and honorable character of the 
firm's transactions. 

F. A. Schaeffer is at present engaged in manufacturing a 
special brand of embossed furniture leather, which enjoys the 
exclusive distinction of being so made that the colors will not rub 
off like those heretofore placed in the market, making the firm's 
brand the most desirable that the trade can purchase. And thus 
it is that in all the markets in this country where leather is bought 
and sold, and in many of those across the ocean, the special 
brands made by F. A. Schaeffer find a ready sale. 

The factory is four stories, 50x100, with an L extension 25x50. 
A force "of seventy-five men is steadily employed, from which 

F. \. SCH.\EFFER, 57 & sq F.ERGEN STRF.ET, 

fact some idea may be had of the extent of the output. 

It is a novel sight, truly, that one will witness within the walls 
of the several large buildings which Mr. Schaeffer uses in the 
conduct of his growing business. Men (mostly stalwarts) stripped 
to the buff, look spectre-like as they move amid the steam rising 
from the hot liquor charged with tannin filling the great vats, 
carrying the hides from one to the other, where they are treated 
to baths in the process of converting them into leather ; or as they 
stand at them and ply the currier's knife to clear the hide from 
all the flesh and extraneous matter, thence to the drying frame, 
thence to the branding and general artistic departments where the 
finishing touches are put on in converting hides into leather. 

SLIiAEt I- t-.K. 

II. V. .•>L11.\EFFLK. 




THE immensity of the manufact- 
uring interests in Newark and 
the diversity of the productions of 
the constantly increasing number 
of establishments, which are con- 
tinually demanding an increasing 
amount of supplies, will of course, 
stimulate production. 

In the single article of leather 
belting alone, the manufacture and 
consumption is simply wonder- 
ful in amount and startling in 
character, it requiring the output 
of more than one great tannery to 
meet the demand for leather suit- 
able for converting into machinery 
belts. Thus it is that another great 
industry has resulted from the 
demand for a larger and better su])- 
ply of leather belting One of the 
concerns devoted to the manufact- 
ure of leather belting is that of 
Joseph Meier at 291 Market street, 
where many skilled workmen are 

\'ery great and radical changes 
have been made of late years in 
the art of belt making, and this 

has been brought about by the intrDduction of electricity, which 
requires a much better belt than was in use heretofore and which 
could not be made with the hides tanned at present. Steers 
which furnished the hides in former years were left till they 
reached the ages of from seven to ten years before they were 
slaughtered. This addition to their years made the shoulder 
parts heavier and the hides larger, and more parts could be 
utilized than at the present day. Since the large packing houses 

josBPii Mr.n K. 


of this country have found that it does not pay to allow a 
steer to get beyond three years to get profitable beef, therefore it 
is that excellent belting leather is obtained from the light hides 
of the yf)ung steers, and much less of the hides can be used. 

The improved methods used by Mr. Meier in the industry of 
belt making does away with the use of the shoulder parts, cut from 
the skins of older steers and formerly used for making what is 
known as the "long lap" belting, and only the best parts from 
the hides of young animals are used in the manufacture of the 
"short lap," which is universally recognized as the best ever 

In proof of the well recognized merits of the belting turned out 
of the establishment of Mr. Joseph Meier, it is only necessary to 
take a look into the great electrical plants and factorys where it 
is in use Thus in Newark his belts are running in the New 
Jersey Zinc and Iron Company's works, the Newark Electric 
Light and Power Company, the Celluloid Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Clark Mile End Spool Thread Company, and by Hallan- 
tine it Co , and many others, while in New York four belts of his 
peerless production, making 350 feet in length, and of the startling 
width of four feet and four inches, is now running in the U. S. 
Illuminating Co. , and in the Equitable Building on Broadway there 
are in daily use all the belts for their immense electric light plant. 

Besides the conduct of the business of manufacturing belting 
in all its grades, Mr. Meier has found time to give play to the 
bent of his genius in other lines and has invented and placed 
upon the market what is called Meier's Patent Friction Pulley, and 
means of transmitting power, which has proved a contri\ance of 
great beneficence and wonderful utility. Wherever Mr. Meier's 
Pully has been used the voice of commendation is loudlj' heard 
in its praise. In its adoption for the transmission of power it 
meets three very desirable ends, viz : First, the saving of space, 
as will be seen at a glance by the observer, from fifty to seventj-- 
five per cent, of room is saved ; second, in saving power ; third, 
in saving journals and lubricants. In the saving of power Mr. 
Meiers' wonderfully unique contrivance transmits the power 
from the driver to the driven, and reduces the consumption of 
lubricants to the mininum. 

Mr. Joseph Meier has offices also at 32 and 34. Ferry street. 
New York, as well as at 2yi Market street, Newark, N. J. 





IN THE very roomy looking and comfortable quarters repre- 
sented in the photograph of the buildings on the opposite 
page, are housed the tanning and currying industry of the William 
Zahn Leather Company. The plant is located at Nos. 309 to 327 
Academy street, and at Nos. 197, 199 and 201 Norfolk street, 
while their handsomely fitted up offices are at No. 325 Academj- 

What made the building up of this great industry possible, and 
at the same time giving it such an impulse as to challenge the 
admiration of the enterprising and thoughtful, everywhere 
■within the reach of its influence, was the genius of William Zahn, 
who invented several methods of tanning Dongola kid, and had 
the same patented in the United States of America, and in 
Canada, Great Britain, France, Germany, England, Belgium, 
Austria and Italy as well. 

Among experts in leather, and leather manufacturers in general, 
the product turned out of the Zahn tanneries it is seen that all the 
finer elements and none of the coarser are contained in the 
output ; and receiving the plaudits of those who know a good 
thing when they see it, and who spurn the word jealousy, standing 
ever ready to say to their fellows who win success in any and all 
lines, "well done!" In the manufacture of the Dongola kid, 
none but the very best material and cleanest substances are used, 
and all the skins which it is designed shall be used in the manu- 
facture of this one desirable brand of kid leather undergo the 
most careful inspection by old experienced men, who make the 
inspection, and should they find a single small cut on what is 
otherwise a perfect skin, it is thrown out and passed over to some 
other tanning establishment for conversion into a cheaper leather. 

The William Zahn Leather Company does a large business, which 
had a modest beginning, but the very excellent management of 
the concern, joined with the marvelous skill of Mr. Zahn, it has 
grown to its present proportions, and now employs a large capital 
as well as a large number of thoroughly well skilled curriers, who 
manipulate the skins, that in the trade throughout the city of 
Newark they are recognized as master workmen. This leather 
finds a ready sale in all the markets of the United States and 

Canada, and not a little of their product is shipped across the 
Atlantic, where it gets the first call and commands the largest and 
best prices which will satisfy the makers here. 

Mr. Zahn is a practical as well as a thoroughly scientific man, 
and fully ver.sed in all matters pertaining to the business. He 
spends much of his time in the factory and oversees all the various 
departments. He is assisted by Mr. Charles Muller, the secretary 
of the company, a thoroughly competent and able co-worker. 
The firm employ only mechanics who are masters of the various 
branches of the tanning trade. The scientific and chemical 
department is imder the exclusive management of Messrs Zahn 
and Muller, thus maintaining and preserving the excellency and 
far-famed reputation of the products of the William Zahn Leather 

The latest addition to the company's immense plant, which is 
shown on the opposite page, is the chemical laboratory, which is 
situated on Academy street adjoining the office building of the 
company, and is under the management of an eminent chemist, a 
gradtiate of one of the famous universities of Europe. Mr. 
William Zahn is an honorary member of the " Academic Paris- 
ienne des Inventeurs," and was awarded the grand diploma of 
the Academic in 1S92, and also received the gold medal for the 
most improved scientific process of acid tanned leather. Owing 
to the rapid growth of the business, and the increased demand for 
the superior quality of Dongola kid manufactured by the com- 
pany, which goes out under the name of " Pioneer Kid," (Mr. 
Zahn being the pioneer of this method of tanning leather). In 
1S91 the popularity of this brand of leather had become so great 
it became necessary, in order to meet the rapidly growing demand 
throughout the country, to have greatly increased facilities for its 
manufacture, and the William Zahn Leather Company was 
organized and incorporated under the laws of the State of New 
Jersey to meet it. Prior to this time Mr. Zahn had conducted the 
business exclusively, and had everything done under his own 
immediate supervision. The company, as at present constituted, 
consists of Mr. William Zahn, President ; Mr. M. F. Zahn, Treas- 
urer ; and Mr. Charles Muller, Secretary, 













IF, TO the writer of Illustrated Newark, there is vouchsafed by 
the proprietors, managers, conductors, operators and work- 
men engaged in moving onward all the others of the multi- 
tudious industries gathered round this great central figure, the 
pleasant reception, and courtly treatment which is indeed akin to 
friendship, old and long matured, which has been extended by 
the leather men and the representatives of this leading industry, 
we shall be engaged in the pleasant task of picking sweet 
flowers from the field of duty, and regaling ourself with luxuries 
which we knew to be extant, but felt were beyond reach, and 
only to be worshipped from afar. With our first knowledge of 
tanners and tanning, came testimonies of love, forbearance and 
ideas of courtley welcome to visitors. Did not the courteous 
Simon throw wide open the portals of his house which stood by 
the sea side (and he was a tanner) to the despised fisherman, and 
set such an example of a pleasant reception and courtesy 
extended to strangers, that set all heaven aglow and started the 
Angelic messengers forward 
on that errand of love which is 
girdling the world ? r 

It having been the happy lot 
of the editor to meet and do 
business with tanners in sev- 
eral parts of the country, and 
never having come in contact 
with one who could not be 
classed as a gentleman, it then 
did not create surprise when 
visiting the great leather manu- 
facturing establishments of 
Newark to find that the leather 
men were gentlemen, and 
many of them so truly old- 
fashioned as to be the duly 
accredited disciples of the 
ancient "Simon, the Tanner," 
who had dug his lime pits, 
reared his drying sheds and 
set up his beam, and in short 
established his plant for the 
manufacture of leather, close 
by the Mediteranian sea-side 
in the far away Judian land. J""^ mi m ,< ,-. ..... km> 

Like man)' another, our knowl- 
edge of the extent and greatness of the industry of leather 
makers was extremely limited, but as the facts accummulated 
and the data were filed and the figures rolled up into the 
totals, and the magnitude of the industry began unfolding 
and the work of measuring began, our wonder grew apace, 
and as the evidence of the greatness was presented in the 
number of establishments, the amount of capital invested in 
plant, material, machinery and mechines and the labor 
employed, m the language of Goldsmith, "Still our wonder 
grew," that such a mighty concentration of industrial wealth and 
grandeur should be so near and play such on important part in 
the manufacturing drama, and so very little of it be seen and less 

In considering the figures here presented, in totals, it must be 
remembered that they were collected during 1S90, and for nearly 
two years have been in the collectors hands and now during the 
closing hours of 1S92, given to the public for the first time, as 
follows, viz : Number of establishments engaged in the manu- 
facture of leather, 50 ; capital employed, $5,052,687 ; total value 
of plant, §2,429,495 ; value of land, $500,300 ; buildings, $678,307 ; 
machinery, tools and implements, $435,321 ; live assetts, $2,643,- 
292 ; raw material, $539,106 ; stock in process and finished pro- 
duct, $i,26S,6So; cash bills and accounts receivable, and all 

sundries not elsewhere reported, $835,506 ; aggregate of wages 
paid, $1,534,779; average number of hands employed during the 
year, 2,303 ; of these there were males above 16, 1,754 I females 
above 15 years, 2 ; children, 4 ; piece workers, 543. The aggre- 
gate of cost of materials used, $4,712,662 ; divided as follows, viz : 
principal materials, $4,503,157 ; fuel, $57,137 ; mill supplies, 

; all other material, $152,368 ; miscellaneous aggregate, 

$230,104 There were reported as expended for rent, $29,240 ; 
power and heat, $600 ; taxes, $27,948 ; insurance, $25,173 ; 
repairs, ordinary, of buildings and machinery, $35,599 ; interest 
on cash used in business, $35,621 ; all sundries not elsewhere 
reported, $75,923 ; aggregate value of goods manufactured, 
$7,619,667. All other products including receipts from custom 
work and repairing, $711,419. That these figures have been 
largely supplemented since they were compiled in i8go, is 
evidenced in the preceding pages. The facts therein pre- 
sented, where it is shown that several new factories have been 
started and old ones enlarged, giving increased capacit}^ and 
requiring a large number of employees, for their conduct, is 
conclusive proof that the industry of tanning has been mater- 
ially advanced since the census 
of 1890. 

The history of the world is 
filled with the recorded deeds 
of heroic men who have won 
honors on bloody fields, but the 
pages of Illustrated Newark is 
the place for recording the 
names of men whose genius 
and foresight has made Newark 
great. The Howells. Smiths, 
Halseys, Harrisons, Strausses, 
Rileys, Triers, Crockers, Salo- 
mans, Me3-ers, Witzels, Sieden- 
bachs, Quimby, Lentz, Blan- 
chard & Lane, Conroy & 
Weyrauch, the S chaffers, 
Nieder and Pfeil, the Langs. 
Zahn and MuUer, and those 
grand men of the early 
age of this giant industry, 
Azariah Crane and Seth Boy- 
den, with nearly 100 others, 
who have contributed and 
who are now aiding in the great 
MKK. 1 AM. .\\ 1.:%. K . work of placing Newark in the 

fore front of manvifacturing 
cities of the world, and the imperishable renown of her leather 


IN ILLUSTRATING the various interests which have con- 
tributed to make the city of Newark the leading centre of the 
leather industry of the United States, and perhaps of the world, 
attention is directed to the enterprising firm of John Nieder & Co., 
manufacturers of book binders and pocket book brands of leather. 
The works are located on Emmet street and Avenue C, near the 
Emmet street station of the Pennsjdvania railroad. The firm 
consists of Mr Jonn Nieder and Mr. Martin L. Pfeil, two young 
and enterprising Newarkers, whose achievements as leather manu- 
facturers are highly creditable to their push, enterprise and 
business ability. The plant herewith given from a photograph 
is admirably fitted up with every improvement known to the 
trade, and its products are well and favorably known throughout 
the country for their superior quality and finish, consisting of 
book binders and pocket book makers, leather of every description 
and color. Mr. Nieder has ably represented the citizens of his 
ward and district on several occasions in the board of education 
and in the State legislature. 


. I, WAYS ready to learn, and apt to fashion, and 
having in view comfort and fine lines of 
beauty, the shoemakers of Newark early 
gained a reputation as perfect fitters, and their 
successors held it close and made it lasting, 
so that wherever Newark made footwear is 
seen it carries with it a model for perfect 
fit, elegance and comfort for others to pattern 
after. Among no class of our manufacturers 
does their exist a more kindly feelinir. and the tie that 
binds is strong and enduring ; between employer and 
employee there has ever been a community of interest, and 
whatever tended to the welfare of one had the trend toward the 
best interest of the other Among the larger number of men 
who have risen from the '• seat." to the station of a '" boss," there 
is a community of feeling which finds its way among the members 
(if teams and becomes an incentive to study and practice, to 
watch and to learn that they too may be ready to step into the 
rich places when time or accident shall have made a vacancy. It 
is an old Franklintonian saying, and one often rehearsed in the 
presence of the thriftless and the patrons of idleness and those of 
a roving dispositi<in, "Shoemaker stick to your last," but there 
is seldom or never a need for its saying li> the builders of footwear 
since they seldom change, but clinging to the old, old calling you 
will alwavs find the shoemaker at hi-; " 1;i>it " and " best." 


THE manufacture of boots and shoes for men's wear, ranks 
among Newark's leading industries, both as to quantity 
and the superior quality of a large percentage of the product. 
So decidedly is this the case, that in every leading city and town 
in the United States. Newark shoes are carried by those dealers 
who cater to the most fastidious custom trade. 

No one house has contributed so largely to this result as that of 
James A. Banister Co. This establishment was founded in the 
year 1S45, by Isaac Banister, father of the president of this com- 
pany, who was a thoroughly practical shoemaker, being brought 
up to the trade from his infancy by his father, who was also a 
shoemaker. The desire of the house always has been to make only 
the best goods, and taking the best custom made shoes as their 
models, they have sought to imitate them in style, fit and wear- 
ing qualities. How well they have succeeded, is evidenced by 
the position the house occupies in the trade after an experience of 
forty-five or forty-si.\ years. 

James A. Banister became a partner with his father in :S52, 
under the firm name of Isaac Banister & Son, the senior retiring 
in 1S57. and the business was continued by James A. Banister 
until 18(15, when Lyman S. Tichenor became associated with 
him. and the firm became Banister & Tichenor, and continued 




so until the death of Mr. Tichenor, 
which occurred in iSSi. From this 
time till January i, 1S92. James A. 
Banister was sole proprietor. 

On the first of January, 1892, the 
firm was incorporated under the 
name of James A. Banister Com- 
pany, and without any change in 
the general management — all the 
stockholders (James A. Banister, 
John W. Denny, James B. Banister 
and George A. McLcllan) having 
been connected with the business 
for several ^-ears in the same 
capacities they now hold. 

On account of a strict adherence 
to the original policy, marke dout 
by the concern at its start, of 
making only the best goods, the 
business has grown to be one of the 
largest in the United States, and 
its products are recognized as the 
standard for the highest excellence 
in the trade. 

The factory now occupied by the 
James A. Banister Co. , is located on 
Washington street, very near the 
centre of the city, and was erected 
in 18S8 by Mr. Banister, with a 
special view to the necessities and 
conveniences of his largely growing 
business. It is a four story brick 
building, 2S0 feet long with a front- 
age of 35 feet, thoroughly' lighted 
on all sides. Its ventilating and 
sanitary conveniences are of the 
latest and most approved construc- 
tion. The building is heated by 
steam in every part. The factory 



is sujjplied with a large engine and boiler, sufficient for furnishing 
abundance of power and heat to the premises, and is provided with all 
the necessary and most improved machinery for the production of first- 
class work. 

The first requirement sought of any machine, which it is proposed to 
introduce into the factory, is that it shall do its work equal to the old- 
fashioned hand manner of doing things, and no machine is used that 
does not come up to that standard. 

Mr. Banister has always taken first-class premiums wherever he has 
exhibited his work in competition with others, and had a medal and 
diploma given him at the Vienna Exposition in 1S73, an award of merit 
and medal from the Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia, 1S76, and a 
medal from the New Orleans Exposition, 1SS4-S5. 




NO one branch of the industrial pursuits which have made the 
city of Newark celebrated all over the world as a manu- 
facturing centre, has done more in the upbuilding of her greatness 
than the industry of bixit and shoe making. These great establish- 
ments, scattered as they are all over her territory, are nearlv, or 
quite, a half hundred in number, giving employment at fairly 
remunerative wages to thousands of ojieratives who can^- on the 
work of converting the leather made in her own tanneries into 
foot wear for the millions, and no industrial centre can boast of 
workmen better skilled. 

Very few. mdeed, of the industries carried on in Newark, employ 
a larger number of men. women, and children than that of boot 
and shoe making. It is not alone in the large factories that we 
find this industry progressing. In many a garret and basement 
cord-waining teams can be seen at their work and often while one 


of the number reads from a book, phamphlet or paper his com- 
panions ply their vocation, listening attentively to what is read and 
then all will discuss very understandingly points held forth in the 
matter read, as well as all the leading questions of the times. No 
class of mechanics are more quietly/lisposed, or give less trouble 
to their employers; or are possessed of a larger fund of informa- 
tion; or grasp the leading questions of the times more readily than 
the shoemakers. It was the great Benjamin Franklin who 
bestowed upon these sons of toil the distinguished title " Garret 
Philosophers," in consideration of their achievements in learning, 
gained during the hours of toil, their work being of that character 
which does not require any great amount of either mental or 
physical strain, and thus he maj- study himself or listen to the 
reading of others, or whistle or sing all in good time with the rat- 
tat-tat of his hammer, as he drives a nail here or drives a nail there 
Very few of the industries carried on in Newark use a larger 
capital, and to a better advantage, or turn out a product of 
greater value, than do those who follow the business of convert- 

ing leather into boots and shoes for both gentlemen's and ladies 
wear. Newark made boots and shoes, early in the century, gained 
a repute for beauty of finish, stylishness of pattern, high order of 
workmanship, which have been held against all competitors, and 
all over the world to-day the footwear bearing the tra<le mark of anv 
one of the great Newark establishments finds a ready sale in all the 
leading marts of trade and command the very best of prices. 

Johnston and Murphy is one of the most successful firms 
engaged in the manufacture of men's, boys' and youths' shoes for 
the best retail trade. 

The business was established by William J. Dudley, in a small 
way, in 1850, at No. 312 Market street, from which place it was 
removed to Nos. 26S-2-2 Market street, where it remained until 
1891, when, to accommodate a constantly increasing business, it 
was again removed to its present commodious quarters, at Nos. 
42-54 Lincoln street. 

In 1S79, Mr. Dudley needing more capital, aUmitted as a 

partner, Mr. James John- 
ston, for sometime a resi- 
dent of Newark ; they, 
continuing the business 
under the firm name of W. 
J. Dudley & Co. Mr. 
Johnston 's popularity amcmg 
the trade had its effect in 
increasing the business until 
iSSi, when Mr. Dudley died. 
Mr. Johnston, continued 
alone until 1S84, changing 
tlic (irni name to James 
Johnston, and branching 
out in all directions ; open- 
ing up new territory for the 
goods, which were gradu- 
ally becoming known as one 
of the most attractive lines 
shown to the retail trade, 
lie was at this time, and 
before, largely aided in his 
efforts by Mr. William J. 
( )'Rourke, now a member of 
the firm, and who had been 
with Mr. Dudley, and later 
with Mr. Johnston, since 
iSOy. In him was com- 
bined an original and artis- 
tic mind, as well as a skillful 
hand, and having, at this 
time, charge of the cutting 
and pattern department, the 
effect of his handiwork was 
seen in the increasing repu- 
tation of Mr. Johnston's product, especially in patent leather work 
which has ever been one of the leading features of this line. 

In 1S84, Mr. William A. Murphy, formerly with his father, Mr. 
William H. Murphy, in the retail business in this city, desirous to 
engage in the manufacture of the goods he had formerly sold at 
retail, and, knowing the growing popularity of this line, sought 
Mr. Johnston, and was finally admitted as a partner ; the firm 
name being changed to Johnston & Murphy. 

The business since continued under the above firm name, 
although, in 1891, Mr. Murphy disposed of his interest to Mr. 
Herbert P. Gleason. formerly a salesman for the old firm, and 
later with Edwin C. Burt & Co. , of New York City, as their 
Pacific Coast representative. At this time Mr. William J. 
O'Rourke was admitted as a partner. 

The firm is at present composed of James Johnston, Herbert P. 
Gleason and William J. O'Rourke, and has its representatives in 
all parts of the United States and Canada, as well as a resident 
salesman in Australia. 



The accompanying cuts give the reader some idea of the new 
quarters of this firm. 

The factory consists of the main building, 150x50 feet, four 
stories in height, and two wings, 50x100, three stories high. Be- 
tween these wings, in the large courtyard, is the engine and boiler 
house, containing a new 100 horse power boiler and Corliss engine, 
made by the Watts-Campbell Co. , which furnish power for the 
entire plant. In the rear of one wing, is the pleasant home of the 

The large area of floor space in the entire building, gives 

some of the finest work produced by any factory in the country. 

The reader's attention is called to an excellent photo of this- 
room, which appears in this connection. 

Next below, is the main machinery room, with an area of 7,50a 
square feet, and fitted tip with everything that is new and modern, 
in shoe machinery. The large increase of this firm's output has 
necessitated nearly doubling the capacity of this room in the past 
two years. The finishing department occupies another large 
room, below which is the treeing room, fitted up with a complete 
outfit of Miller's twin trees running along one side, while on the 

ample and well-lighted room for the diff'erent departments. The 
stock room, where the sole leather or bottom stock is prepared, 
occupies the ground floor, and gives employment to about twenty- 
five hands. Next above, is the cutting room, where the upper 
stock is cut from the almost innumerable kinds of leather used in 
this establishment, and where about thirty skilled workmen are 
employed. Above this, is the fitting room, where the uppers are 
prepared, and where about eighty hands, mostly girls, are at 
work. From here one is taken to the upper story of the main 
building, occupied by almost endless rows of benches, seated on 
which are men of nearlv every nationality, making their part of 
the shoe in the old-fashioned manner, such as lasting, sewing the 
insole and stitching on the outsole. Out of this room comes 

other, the shoes are given their final cleaning, and are packed in 
cartoons ready for shipment. Next is the shipping room, occupy- 
ing the ground floor of the main building, being easy of access 
from both the street and various departments of the building. 

The principle that the best goods are in greatest demand has 
always been followed, and that by catering to the best trade, and 
furnishing the highest grade of work, they are enabled to use only 
the best material and employ only the most skilled workmenin the 
manufacture of their product. This principle firmly adhered to, 
has taken this firm rapidly along the road to success; and the trade 
mark "J. iS:M.," which they have adopted and registered, as 
shown in the above cut, has become a standard of excellence to most 
retailers and wearers of that part of gentlemen's apparel to-day. 



The a Lenz Company. 

THE officers of this com- 
pany are August Lenz, 
president, and Isaac L. 
Silverberg, secretary- and 
treasurer, and there is nn 
doubt but that a few facts in 
relation to their business, 
and to them as individuals, 
would be of interest. Their 
portraits are herewith given. 
Mr. August Lenz, the 
president of the company, 
is a native of Baden, Ger- 
many, where he was born 
July 18, 1S3S. He learned 
the trade of shoemaking in 
the fatherland and came 
direct to Newark, where he 
started in business in a very 
small way about twenty- 
seven years ago, consequent- 
ly he is one of those manu- 
facturers who have risen 
from the bench. His prac- 
tical knowledge he exercises 
in the supervision of the 
manufacturing branch of the 
business, and the entire pro- 
duction of the factory prac- 
tically passes under his eye 
before being shipped, and 
the least imperfection is de- 
tected and the shoe thrown 
aside, the intentions of the 
•company being to supply 
only perfect goods. 

Isaac L. Silverberg, the secretary and treasurer of the company, 
was born in Sacramento. Cal., Dee. 2, 1S60. He left California 
when quite young, and at the age of fifteen started in the whole- 
sale boot and shoe business with his father in Warren street. New 
York. After his father's retirement from business in 1S81, he 
came to Newark and entered into partnership with Mr. Lenz, 
forming the firm of August Lenz & Co. Mr. Silverberg attends 

to the financier- 
ing an d sales 
department of 
the business, 
and by his tact 
and good judg- 
ment the busi- 
ness has been 
increased until 
the company 
now stands one 
of the largest 
and most prom- 
inent in New- 
ark. In 1 8 S 7 
the present 
four-story brick 
factory was 
erected, and is 
one of the best 
1 igh ted and 
most thorough- 
ly equipped in 
Newark. It is 
AiGL.^n LENZ. heated bysteam 

throughout, supplied with elevator, and every modern appliance 
for shoe manufacturing. They have also an artesian well two 
hundred and eighty feet in depth, which su])plics pure water for 
drinking and factory use. The company employs about 150 hands, 
and their business is increasing very rapidly, so much so that they 
have decided to build an addition to their present factory, and 
they have purchased sixty feet frontage adjoining their factory 
and will soon 
erect a building 
that will be 
large enough 
for their re- 

Newark shoes 
have always 
been celebrated 
throughout the 
United States 
a s being the 
finest made, 
and it must be 
confessed that 
The A. Lenz 
Company have, 
by their enter- 
prise and indus- 
try, aided ma- 
terially in keep- 
i n g Newark 
shoes in the lead 
of all other 
makes. isa.\c i,. sii.vkhukkc 




SINCE the introduction of manufacturing in tlie early part of 
the century there is perhaps no city in the American Union, 
which has advanced more steadily or experienced a more healthy 
growth than Newark, N. J. The value and blessings of domestic 
industry are admirably illus- 
trated in every section of the 
town, and it is an undenia- 
ble fact worthy of honorable 
record that its enterprising 
citizens have in a large 
measure been the architects 
of their own fortunes, so 
the city, collectively, is not 
indebted to an}' adventitious 
or sudden causes for its 
wonderful and surprising 
progress, but has steadily 
advanced to wealth and 
fame only by the industry, 
frugality and enterprise of 
its citizens, and it now, in 
1892, stands among the 
foremost manufacturmg 
cities in the United States. 
The steady increase of its 
manufacturing i n t e r e sts, 
and of its population 
has become much greater 
during the present year 
than within any former 
period. New streets have 
been opened in every direc- 
tion, new structures have 

been erected including a large number of manufacturing plants, 
many of them being the largest to be found in the country. Real 
estate has advanced in value beyond all former precedents, and 
every interest of the city is progressing with renewed energy and 

Among the various branches of the leather trade, successfully 


carried on in Newark, the house of W. Fred Quimby Co., 
manufacturers of every description of leather, corduroy and can- 
vas, stands high. This house makes sportsmen's goods in great 
variety and is deserving of special mention. The business was 

established away back in the 
sixties over thirty years ago, 
and is admirably conducted, 
being the pioneer and the 
only one of its kind carried 
on in this city. The factory 
forming an illustration on 
this page is located on Penn- 
sylvania R. R. avenue, cor- 
ner South street. It is 
equipped with every known 
improvement for about 
eighty skilled hands who are 
constantly engaged in pro- 
ducing an endless variety of 
sporting men's outfits, con- 
sisting of leather, dog and 
sheep skin, corduroy and 
canvas shooting coats, pants, 
vests, hats, boots, shoes, 
leggings, cartridge bags, 
belts, gun and ammunition 
cases, English victoria and 
California cases, and covers, 
tourist trunks, pistol hold- 
ers, etc. The firm has 
been m the trade a long 
time, and has a reputation 
that is not easily acquired 
for good workmanship and fair dealing, and nothing is omitted 
to retain the confidence and good will of their customers. The 
large factory on the Northwest corner of Market and Lawrence 
street is now occupied as a shoe annex to the plant, where this 
branch of the trade is at present being conducted. The firm 
have a large salesroom at No. 291 Broadway, New York. They 
are the Eastern agents for the L. C. Smith hammerless shot guns, 
and L. C. Smith automatic ejector gun. They are also the sole 
Eastern agents for the celebrated blue rock targets and traps. 
Mr. William Fred. Quimby is the president and manager. Mr. 
Edward R. Dimmock being the secretary and treasurer. 


.^Lli^;Kl steadm.^n, shoi-; (M.mi'Er. 






HARNESS and saddlery manufacture in Newark, although of 
magnificent proportions and volume, is not at the present 
day in this respect equal to the days previous to, during, and a few- 
years after the war. In those palmy days New York city was 
the great head centre for merchants from all parts of the land, 
and Newark its great workshop. The Southern markets were 
the acme of all Northern merchants, the West a good fill in. but a 
side issue. Cotton was king. To-day, how changed ; while 

the productions 
in bulk in 
the above 
lines fail seri- 
ously to reach 
former days, 
still the quality 
and variety 
have m a t e r i- 
ally improved, 
keeping pace 
with all ad- 
vanced ideas, 
that the money 
value of its pro- 
d u c t i o n s no 
doubt exceed 
those of old 
fashioned times 
and Newark 
still maintains 
i t s lead and 
reputation as 
the great head 
N. J. DEMAREST. ccntTc foT fine 

harness and saddlery. Among those of its manufacturers whose 
productions rank in the very highest order of excellence may 
be mentioned the firm of N. J. Demarcst & Co. The portraits 
of Mr. N. J. Ueniarest and son Daniel Demarcst and their 
factory on New Jersey Railroad avenue, Lafayette and Bruen 
streets are given herewith. It is with pardonable pride that 
we are permitted to speak in words of commendation of our 
many industries, and of none with more pleasure than the 
manufacture of harness and saddlery and its highly respected 
representatives, Messrs. Demarcst & Co., who are now among 
the patriarchs of the business, yet full of that young fire, energy 
a n d ambition 
that never dies 
in the good 
business man. 
During the 
Franco - Prus- 
s i a n war. 
among other 
important con- 
tracts for the 
same purpose, 
this firm made 
and delivered 
artillery har- 
ness complete 
for four thou- 
sand horses 
in eleven work- 
ing days. This 
is a fair sam- 
p 1 e of the 
"push" that 
exists in this 
city of work- 
shops. l.ANIKI, DE.MARE.iT. 


his success as a manufacturer is highly credit- 
able to his intelligent enterprise and business 

Every owner of horses knows the value of a 
well-made collar and the ease and comfort of those 
that fit nicely are always largely sought, and they 
never fail to find them at Winters'. 


JOHN BEA, wholesale manufacturer of fine 
patent leather and horse collars, corner Bruen 
and Lafayette streets, Newark, N. J. 

John Bea is widely known as an extensive 
manufacturer of fine horse collars, his productions 
having an unsurpassed reputation, and a very 
extensive sale among the most critical trade in 
all parts of the Union. 

Mr. John Bea, the founder and proprietor of 
the enterprise, is a native of Germany, and has 
resided as a citizen in this country for many 
years. He is a practical man, having served his 
apprenticeship with thoroughlj^ skilled workmen. 
Among the first-class goods coming from this 
factory the celebrated " Kay Collar" occupies a 
prominent place. Mr. Bea makes a specialty of 
this, and has largely added to his prestige and 
reputation by the manufacture of this collar. He 
employs between thirty-five and fifty men all the 
year round, all of whom are skilled workmen in this 
particular trade. Orders can be filled promptly, 
while all are assured immediate and painstaking 
attention. We are pleased to note that Mr. Bea's 
enterprise, which forms an illustration on this 
page, has proved so successful, as he is one of 
Newark's most enterprising and honorable busi- 
ness men. 



THE wholesale horse collar man- 
ufacturing industry of Mr. 
Charles L. Winters, whose plant 
forms one of the illustrations on this 
page, was established in this cit}- in 
1S54, by Mr. R. C. Winters, father 
of the present proprietor. The 
factory is situated at Nos. 20 and 
22 Lawrence street, is admirably 
fitted up and equipped with every 
improvement known to the trade, and 
during the past forty years of its 
e.xistence has attained an enviable 
reputation throughout the L^nited 
States. The output includes every 
description of horse collars. Special 
attention is given to the making of 
the celebrated " Kaj' Collar," and the 
finer grades of patent leather work, 
where only the best of ski led labor 
is employed. Steady employment is 
given to about thirty workmen, and 
all orders, large or small, receive 
immediate attention. Mr. Winters 
is a Newarker from away back, and 



fROM the beginning of time the blinding 
flash of lightning as it blazed with comet-like 
splendor along the midnight sky, or sped on 
its startling zigzag way from zenith to horizon, 
or like fierj- serpents of old flew hither and 
thither aimlessly through space giving forth 
anon its sullen roar, compared with which a 
hundred parks of the heaviest artillery were 
mere pop gun rehearsals of sound, had 
little known effect or use 
except it were to make 
pure the sultry summer air, or cleave 
in twain the sturdy oak or sway- 
ing pine. But the playing of its 
fiery pranks was not destined 
to last always as an unsolved 
riddle. The genius of a 
Franklin first bridled 
heavens high mettled 
steed; toyed with ^his 
sparkling beauty ; and 
gently soothed his wild 
flashing ways till the 
brilliancy of thought 
from the brain of a 
Morse, held him quiet 
with fine spun lines of 
iron and steel while 
issuing his mandate 
"What God hath 
wrought ;" and the mar\-el- 
lous genius of a Weston with 
his wonderful skill could 
formulate a harness of mystic 
pattern with strength to hold 
when hitched to the car of progress 
alongside his well-trained and .sub- 
servient sister, steam, and under the 
whip and spur of his genius and dar- 
ing experiment, making the lighting 
of the clouds subservient to the will 
of man. On all sides, to-day every- 
where is now heard the sullen note of 

despair as it comes up from the deep-chested electric giants 
harnessed to drive, now hitched to the great steamers ploughing 
the rough main ; now to the locomotive flying over mountains and 
across the plains, on paralell rails. In the printing house and 
factory, in garrets and cellars we find him to-day bound down and 
held tight in the wonderful grasp of this wonderful man, and his 
still more wonderful dynamo. 

To the marvellous push, the undaunted zeal, and never say fail 
spirit, manifested by Edward Weston, and his confreres is Newark 
indebted to-day for the wonderful developments and almost 
miraculous growth of the electrical industries, taking rank as 
they do, among the greatest and richest of her possessions. They 
should be nurtured and treasured with a care akin to worship 
itself; and to the men whose masterly skill and deep devotion to 
science, who have succeeded in working out the electrical mystery 
and have untangled skeins of this thread of such a rich resource, 
a deep and lasting debt of gratitude is owed. 


Compared with other countries, the prospect held out to the 
mechanic and workingman. in this is truly one of roseate hue, since 
the laborer of to-day may be the overseer of to-morrow and the 
employer of ne.xt day. The mechanician of this year may, from 
the merit of his genius alone, be the capitalist of the ne.\t. These 
facts are not without truthful demonstrations almost daily, at 
the same time opportunities offering for him to play the same part 
in the conduct of public affairs as the wealthiest citizen. 

Edward Weston, the wizard-like genius, planing the 
harness, forging the bands and arranging tlic 
plans in the old Wasliington Street Syna- 
gogue with more genius, inventions 
and patents than dollars, struggling 
on amid difficulties, discourage- 
ments and dangers, for be it 
nbser\'ed to be manipulating 
lightning is not the safest 
business in the world, is a 
remarkable example of 
the rapid changes which 
occur in men's careers 
especially so is this case, 
brains are at the helm. 
Among many otlier 
beautiful things wliicli 
Theodore Runynn, 
New Jersey's illustri- 
ous Ex-Chancellor said, 
in his grand oration deliv- 
ered at the opening of the 
exhibition of Newark's 
industries: " Newark was 
prouder of her mechanics 
than any of her natural or 
acquired resources or advant- 
ages." This terse and truthful say- 
ing of this scholar with silver tongue 
has sincefound actual demonstration 
in the lasting regard of her people, for 
the ^dignity of labor, and the high 
esteem ^in which they are held in a 
massive bronze statue erected in 
Washington Park, by their munifici- 
ence to the memory of Seth Boy den, the great mechanic — an 
aproned monarch, indeed. No visitor to Newark should be per- 
mitted to leave without having had an opportunity of inspecting 
the institutions, where the wonderful mechanical devices are 
made for controlling the mighty power known as electricity, as 
well as the delicate and exact instruments for measuring its 
strength and testing its power. 

The old Synagogue on Wa.shington street holds the honor of 
being the first factory in the United States for the manufacture 
of dynamo electrical machinery. There much of the work done 
in the developing of the electric light, both arc and incandescent, 
was consummated. 

The business was first carried. on as a co-partnership, by the 
firm of Stevens, Roberts, Havell & Weston. The earliest work 
was done in the direction of producing dynamo electrical 
machines for electro-plating, and such was the success met with 
that the machines for this purpose were sold in every part of the 



civilized world. The introduction of the dynamo electrical 
machine for electro-plating, electro-typing and similar classes of 
work, revolutionized the art of depositing metals and effected an 
immense annual saving in time and material, concomitant with 
the work on these mach'nes for electro-plating and electro-typing. 
Mr. Weston carried on his investigation on machines and appara- 
tus for the electrical transmission of power and for electric light- 
ing, and pursued the work with an ardor and earnestness which 
seems almost incredible, and under circumstances which would 
discourage most men. Not one of the men associated with 
him had any confidence in the future of the great art which has 
since sprung up from his and the few other earnest workers 
engaged in the same line. The business men considered most of 
his schemes chimerical, buthestuck to his work with a determina- 
tion and persistence which was remarkable, and his confidence 
has been abvindantly justified by the results. 

One of the most serious difficulties met with in the early stages 
of the work on dynamo machines was the great loss of energy in 
the machine, andthegreatamount of heat caused by the loss. Mr. 
Weston carefully studied all the sources of loss in machines, and 
by introducing entirely new features, was able to reduce the loss 
to an infinitesimal amount, and thus produce machines which 
gave back nearly all the energy expended in driving them in 
electrical energy for useful work. The types of machines known 
before his time gave from twenty-five to fifty per cent, of the 
energy in the useful work, the rest of the energy being wasted in 
the production of injurious heating of the machine. Mr. Weston, 
in 1873, changed all this and succeeded in budding machines 
which gave eighty per cent, of the energy expended in driving 
them, and by further investigations later on succeeded in raising 
the efficiency until it reached ninety-seven per cent. But this 
saving of energy was not the only result secured by his work. 
The saving of energy meant the absence of serious heating of 
the machines and consequently decreased liabilit)^ of injury to 
the insulation, and also meant that vastly more mechanical energy 
could be transformed into electrical energy by a machine of a 
given size. In this way the cost of a machine for a given power 
of conversion was greatly reduced. Without these advances it is 
safe to say that the application of electricity to electric lighting, 
power transmissions and the numerous uses could not have been 

With the perfection of the dynamo machine its field of useful- 
ness became immense, and Mr. Weston's time was spent largely 

in opening it up. He attacked the problem of arc lighting from 
various standpoints and invented and perfected numerous 
devices for the production of arc lights, and for the measurement 
of the current and the distribution of the same. 

He was the first to make and use the copper coated carbon so 
extensively employed in arc lighting, and was the first to master 
the difficulties of making carbons, and it was in Newark that the 
first successful carbon factory was established. 

To make satisfactory carbons for arc lights was at first no easy 
matter, and a vast amount of experimental work and thoughtful 
study was needed before the difficulties were oveixome. Special 
machinery had to be designed to grind and mix and mold the 
material and a great deal of work had to be done to find the most 
suitable material with which to bind the particles of carbon 
together, and produce suitable sticks for use in the lamps. These 
difficulties were all overcome and a vast industry has been 
established in this line alone. The methods and machinery now 
employed by the various large establishments in this country 
engaged in the work of manufacturing carbons were first worked 
out by Edward Weston. 

In the transmission of power by electricity Mr. Weston was very 
early engaged, and in the old Synagogue, machines for the purpose 
could be seen delivering several horse powers as early as 1877, 
with a degree of efficiency which has never been surpassed. 

In the line of incandescent lighting Mr. Weston shares with 
Edison and Swan the honors of much useful work. 1 le attacked the 
problem long before Edison, and b)^ his process of treating carbons 
b)^ electricity in the presence of hydro-carbon fluids, gases or 
vapor, overcome one of the most serious obstacles to the perfec- 
tion and introduction of the incandescent lamp, and by numerous 
other inventions contributed m no small degree to the develop- 
ment of these branches of electric lighting. The record of his 
work in these, and numerous other fields is found in the archives 
of the patent office at Washington, where is found standing to his 
name nearly 400 patents for inventions. 



In i?S6. he gave up his connection with the company control- 
ling his inventions in electric lighting, electrical transmissions of 
power, etc., and built a laboratory in the rear of his residence on 
High street. Here, he began a series of researches and experi- 
ments with the object of producing accurate, simple and thoroughly 
permanent electrical measuring instruments for the use of practi- 
cal electricians and scientists. In this field many of the most 
eminent electricians of the world had been engaged, including 
Sir William Thompson, now Lord Kelvin, Professors Ayrton and 
Perry, but up to the time Edward Weston began his work, there 
were no really satisfactory and trustworthy instruments to be 
found such as were suitable to the needs of the practical elec- 
trician, who, in his dailv work has occasion to make numerous 

within their walls during which a tour of inspection was made 
under the guidance of Mr. Weston himself. All through the 
great establishment, from room to room he conducted us, keeping 
a running fire of explanation and demonstrating the workings of 
this marvellous machine, used in the work of manufacturing this 
tool and that, to be used in turn at the formulation of meters of 
such delicacy of power, as to be able to measure the gentlest 
throb of electrical subtlety or the mighty power of the lightning's 
flash. Now and then laughing the while at our demonstrating 
our own novity, while striving to catch a glimpse of the hole so 
small through the minature diamond, which scarcely permits the 
passage of a ray of light and through which is drawn the ductile 
copper, making a wire scarcely i-iooo of an incli in diameter to tind 


measurements of the forces he is dealing with. Mr. Weston's 
work in this field has resulted in the production of numerous 
measuring instruments which are remarkable for the ease with 
which they can be used and for their accuracy. In iSSS, a company 
Avas organized for the manufacture of these various electrical 
measuring instruments, and to-day these instruments are the 
fecognized standards of the world, and are used in every civilized 

The company engaged in exploiting his inventions in this field 
is known as the Weston Electrical Instrument Company, and its 
shops are already the largest and finest equipped in the world. 
These shops, where the electrical wizard himself may be found, 
are situated on the south side of William street, near High, 
and are worth a visit to all, and more especially to the scientifically 
inclined. One of the red letter days of the writer's life was spent 

its place in turn in the delicate spring answering to the electrical 
touch and correctly measuring volts or indicating ami^eres. The 
two more important departments of the great factory are those of 
drawing and testing. 

In the first, the ideas of Mr. Weston find their place on sheets 
of drawing paper and here employment is given to six assistant 
draughtsmen, and this year's work will amount to 2,000 sheets. 
From here the idea or invention goes on from department to 
department, till it becomes the perfected machine and has 
reached the testing room and is tested, and if right, approved. 
The institution, though young in years, requires nearly 200 expert 
men and women for its conduct. 

No hours can be more agreeably or profitably spent than in the 
workshops and laboratories, where electrical instruments are 
made and electrieitv is dealt with. 



The beautiful photos which grace these pages and which the Weston's w.irk is done, and his apron laid aside for the last time, 

artist has so faithfully portrayed, will show, along with this short may the record of his mighty achievements be transferred to 

resume of his inventions, life and work, what an integral part of imperishable bronze, and the statue to his memory take its place 

Newark's electrical industries is the result of the genius and in the sight of generations to come. By the side of the statue 

efforts of Edward Weston. erected to the memory of Seth Boyden, the mechanic, may stand 

When the time comes (may it be long delayed) when Edward that of Edward Weston, the electrician. 



l'K-\L(.ll t INi_r L>t;p.\RTMEX'l . 


' >. I 


Si4iii..j^ ^cy^ -■ "'^ ' :■:■'-^s».|^.,„— 






KN search with infinite toil for the precious 
stones and glittering gems which nature has 
hid away in the cracks and crevices of the 
rock and amid the sands of the far-away Afri- 
can, South American or Gongoldian mines, 
and when he has found the sparkling diamond, 
<ffl the rich topaz, or emerald, and is rejoicing at 
^ ^ his new-found treasures, he little knows or 
f^^' ; >^^^ little cares where it will go, nor what manipula- 
tions it must undergo, his ambition, as a rule, 
stops with the ducats his find will put in his 
purse, while the buyer must needs look up a 
lapidary whose genius and skill will bring out the beauties and fit 
it for the markets of the world. In its journeys from hand to 
hand, from place to place, in search of the artist's skill, it in all 
probability finds among the goldsmiths, jewelers and lapidaries 
in the city of Newark artists to vie with any in the known world. 
The virgin gold of the California mines, and the silver from Colo, 
rado and Nevada, have their part to play, and as they pass the 
deft fingers of the Newark jewelers such changes are wrought as 
would startle and surprise the alchemist who labored for ages on 
and on only to fail in the accomplishment of the one grand object 
sought, viz. the conversion of the baser metals into rich and 

shining gold. Had the great minds in the, which had the 
alchemistic trend of thought which led them into dark crevices 
and hidden recesses, but worked in the open daylight, following 
such lines as our skilled artists, goldsmiths, silversmiths and 
jewelers work on to-day, instead of failures and disappointment 
marking their career they might have exclaimed " Eureka ! 1 
have found it I " and been the originators ot such a grand indus- 
try as would have shed a halo of lustre around their names and 
established a fame lasting with time. 


AMONG the nearly one hundred firms engaged in this jiopular 
branch of industry, none has taken a higher stand or 
watched its growth more closely than Carter, Sloan & Co., whicli 
came into existence November i, 1S41, under the firm name of 
Pennington, Carter & Dorenius, each individual name of which 
having a fame co-existant with the rise and progress of Newark 
to the high standing of her manufacturing greatness to-day. 
Their factory was first established on Broad street, just below 
Green, but very soon after Aaron Carter, Jr., bought out his 
partners, a.ssociated others with him in the business, and removed 





to a little factory on Green street near Broad. In consequence 
of increasing business the more capacious building at the corner 
of Park and Mulberry streets, was purchased, and in July, 1853, 
the jewelry manufacturing establishment of the firm was moved 
to these new and more commodious and convenient quarters. 
The firm name at that time was Carter, Pierson & Hale. It is 
not out of place in this connection to mention the interesting fact 
that the power made use of by the firm at this time was derived 
from the engine built by the illustrious mechanic and inventor, 
Seth Boyden, which had been used in the machinery exhibit at 
the World's Fair building, known as the old New York Crystal 
Palace. In 1S73 the increasing demands of the firm's growing 
business made it necessary to enlarge their factory, and exten- 
sions were built on both Park and Durand streets, making the 
building a square letter U, a speaking photo of which our artists 
have transferred to these pages. 

On January i, iSSi, the present firm name of Carter, Sloan & 
Co. was adopted. They have one of the most complete plants for 
the manufacture of gold jewelry in this country, which includes 
all the improved devises in labor-saving machinery, enabling the 
firm to employ, as they have for many years, more hands in the 
manufacture of solid gold jewelry exclusively, than does any 
other manufacturer in this country, England, France or German)', 
as far as any record is attainable. At the present time there are 
at least two men actively employed in the factory who came with 
the original firm as apprentices over fifty years ago, when the 
business was organized. 

In this grand old factory have been trained many of the most 


successful jewelry manufacturers in Newark, as well as in many 
other branches of business, who have from time given up their 
positions to organize a business of their own. 

The members of the firm as at present organized, are Aaron 
Carter, Jr., of Orange, N. J.; Augustus K. Sloan, of Brooklyn. 
N. Y.; Courtland E. Hastings, of New York City ; George R. 
Howe, of East Orange, N. J.; William T. Carter, of Newark, and 
William T. Gough, of New York City, while Aaron Carter, Jr., 
has remained the honored head of the firm during all the 
changes of the fifty years now closing. He has taken no active 
part in the business for the past twenty years. 


THE really useful men of Newark are those who have lent a 
helping hand in the development of its manufacturing 
interests and aided in fostering those branches of trade for which 
the city is now widely noted. In no branch of skilled industry 
perhaps in the world, has more rapid advances beeti made than 
in the jewelers' art, and the industrial pursuits of a kindred 
nature. In former years, especially for the finer and more artistic 
productions in these lines, the American people were compelled 
to look to European countries for their jewelry supplies, but 
to-day American jewelry as produced in Newark, stands unrivalled 
in excellence of workmanship, beauty of design and cost of man- 
ufacture, by the best goods made in foreign countries. 

A prosperous, popular and thoroughly responsible firm devoted 
to this important line of industrial pursuits in the city of Newark, 
and well worthy of more than passing mention in these pages, is 

'A\' .S; CLARK. 


that of Messrs. Day & Clark, manufacturing jewelers, located at 
the southwest corner of Marshall and Halsey streets. The 
business was established in the present century, and has 
developed a large and influential trade with some of the leading 
houses in this city and throughout the entire country. Their 
products embrace everj-thing in the line of solid gold hairpins, 
bracelets, brooches, necklaces, charms, chatelaines, lockets, collar 
and cuff buttons, scarf and lace pins, studs, gold mountings for 
diamonds and other rare and precious gems, etc. A specialty is 
the manufacture of novelties of rare and unique designs in solid 
gold, all of which are made by thoroughly skilled artistic work- 
men and guaranteed to be as represented, while the prices are 
very reasonable. The members of the firm are wide-awake, 
enterprising and courteous Newark gentlemen, reliable, honorable 


AT TlIK South-west corner of Chestnut and Mulberry streets, 
the firm of Krementz & Co., carry on their extensive jewel- 
ery manufacturing business. They occupy the greater part of 
the large four story brick buildings, having a frontage of 1S5 feet 
on Chestnut and 55 feet on Mulberry street, also the rear 
extensions. Our artist has given a faithful portrayal which has 
been transferred to these pages. 

The business was commenced in iS6ij, in a comparatively small 
way by Messrs. George Krementz and J. A. Lebkuecher, and the 
same parties with the able corps of assistants which they have 
gathered about them still carry it on, and have enlarged it to its 
]ircscnt proportions. Messrs. Krementz & Co., manufacture a 


and prompt in their dealings, and justly merit the success they 
have achieved. A visitor to this great industrial centre could 
not spend a few hours to better advantage than in taking a look 
through this or some other representative jewelry manufacturing 
establishment, under the special guidance of one of the polite 
gentlemen of the proprietorship, any of whom would be glad at 
any time when not otherwise specially engaged, to show them 
the interesting parts of the business of manufacturing the 
jewelry seen almost everywhere as filling the show cases and 
safes of the retailers, or in wear by the thousands they meet 
on the street or at social gatherings. The premises utilized 
are spacious and commodious, comprising several depart- 
ments, four of w-hich our artist has given faithfully a portrayal of 
on these pages from photographs. They are admirably fitted up 
with all the latest improved machinery and appliances for busi- 
ness and manufacturing purposes. 

large line of jewelery, [irincipally for ladies wear, and their pro- 
ductions have attained a high reputation with the trade through- 
out the country. One of the specialties manufactured by this 
firm we shall not fail to mention, and that is the " Krementz one 
piece collar button." the invention of Mr. Krementz, which has 
become the standard collar button of the country, and which is 
largely exported to Europe. As a mark of the progress in the 
art, this button now made of a single piece of metal without seam 
or joint w-as formerly made of several pieces soldered together, 
any one at all acquainted with the manipulation of metal will 
see at once the superiority of this button, the metal having suffered 
nothing of the annealing effect of the soldering process of the old 
method, with the consequent softening which must eventually 

The business offices and salesrooms of this company are at 182 
and 1S4 Broadway, corner of John street, New York city. 



AS WE turn back the pages of Newark's industrial historj', 
in our search after truth and data from which to formulate 
matter which will not only be read with 
interest, but will furnish such a regarnering 
of facts as well, from which future search- 
ers may draw as from a spring of sweet 
waters, almost every page is found dotted 
over with facts and figures in regard to those 
interests w-hich have their foundations in the 
manufacture of jewelry. As we have only 
to do with those engaged on general lines 
thereof, in this article, and at this time, it will 
be our purpose to show how large a part this 
industry has played in the upbuilding of 
Newark's greatness, as a manufacturing and 
business city, and what a bright prospective 
it presents for its future. Calling the atten- 
tion of the reader to the part being enacted 
b)- Charles Schuetz & Son, among the man- 
agers of the nearly one hundred establish- 
ments, which are co-workers in this special 
branch of industry, we open up a very inter- 
esting and not unprofitable study. The plant 
which has been gathered at No. 211 and 213 
Mulberry street, will compare very favora- 
bly indeed, with any other in the city of 
Newark, selected and arranged for the manufacture of jewelry 
in a great variety of styles, lines and patterns. As the growth 
of the jewelry industry has been phenomenal for the past two 
decades we may assuredly look during the present, for a continu- 
ation just as great, and doubtless it will be greater still in the 
next decade. 

One fact in connection with the jewelry manufacturing industry 
in the city of Newark is especially notable, and that is while there 
is a pleasant rivalry among them, there is no perceptible attrition 
or jealousy, and taking them together they are indeed one family 
having one common interest, and in the continued growth and 
enlargement of the jewelry manufacturing interests equally 
interested and in a healthy onward and upward career for the 
city wherein are the homes of their skilled workmen and in the 
rapid growth thereof, for the happiness and prosperitv of 


employee, as well as employer. The career of the firm of 
Charles Schuetz & Son, now of No. 211 and 213 Mulberry street is 
in brief. 

Mr. Charles Schuetz, the senior member of the firm, was born 
in Germany, from whence he came in 1851, 
settling in this city and residing here ever 

Mr. Fred. A. Schuetz, the junior member, 
is a native of this city, attending and gradu- 
ating from the Green Street German and 
English School and the Newark Academy. 

The firm was established in 1S76, origin- 
ally locating in Crawford street, from 
whence removal was made in 1SS2, to the 
present eligibly located premises embracing 
two floors, each 30 x 100 feet in dimensions, 
equipped with every convenience and facility 
for the successful prosecution of the business. 
Employment is given to a force of seventy- 
five hands in the manufacture of every 
description of fine gold jewelry, the establish- 
ment having a deservedly high reputation for 
the superior quality of its productions. Only 
expert workmen are employed, and the 
most careful supervision is maintained over 
every detail of manufacture so as to secure 
the highest grade of excellence. 

The business has grown from its inception, 
and the firm has deservedly commended itself to the favor and 
confidence of the trade. 

This is only another of the many examples which Newark 
presents in this line of industrial pursuits, where thrift follows 
close on the footsteps of a watchful care of the minutest detail of 
a great business. A visit to the factory of Charles Schuetz & 
Son would convince the most exacting, after a moment's con- 
templation of the methods pursued, that the firm not only know 
how do business, but at the same time do it, in a way that is 
strict, but pleasing. When the roll of business success in this 
field where, if the term may be used, such a wonderful conglom- 
eration of industries exist the name of Schuetz will be found 
written well up towards the head. Another proof in demonstra- 
tion of the fact, that success follows fast where brain and brawn 
join hands in the race for the victors palm. 



X Ell' ARK, X. /., I l.Ll'SrRArED. 

The W. C. Edge Co. 


HE artist who made the photo 

subject, as any one will see at a 
glance, as he turns the pages of 
Newark Ii.i.istratei>, and stops 
for a moment to study the finished 
picture as the engraver has so 
nicely and so expressively made its 
transference to the plates used in 
printing it here. Few plates pre- 
sented surpass this, which is in- 
deed, an elegant representative 
figure of the original. In these 
buildings are arranged the plant 
of the jewelry manufacturing 
industry conducted by The \V. C. 
Kdge Co., of which Mr. William 
M. Clark is president. Mr. Charles 
Edge, vice-president, Mr. W. C. 
Edge, treasurer, and Mr. Walter 
Edge, secretary. While it is say- 
ing nothing in derogation of the 
hundreds of artists, inventors and 
mechanicians whose wonderful 
mastery of the mechanics' arts, 
it is due that more than a passing 
notice should be given in this arti- 
cle to Mr. William C. Edge, who 
has won not only a lasting fame 
for himself, but has done so much, 
and perhaps more in the la.^t 
decade toward the upbuilding of 
Newark's industrial greatness 
than manv men, who are more 

pretentious, engaged in like pursuits. Not unlike the great 
majority of our great inventors, mechanics and artists, it 
hasn't been all smooth .sailing with the subject in hand. The 
ups and downs in his life have not been a few. In smoky 
London where he was born, he learned the jewelrj- trade with 
his father, and later was employed by several large jewelry 
firms in that great leading city of the old world's indu>tries. 
In 1865 Mr. Edge came to America, where better opportuni- 


ties offered for the pursuit of his calling. He first obtained employ 
ment of Chatelin & Spence, of New York, where he introduced what 
is now called satin finish. After a short period he came to Newark 
and entered the employ of Durand & Co., where he remained for 
several years, becoming acquainted with the new world methods. 
After this he started business for himself and on his own account 
supplying the large New York dealers. This had not been going on 
long when, through the machinations of a gentleman who had 
worked himself into Mr. Edge's good graces, becoming his partner, 
proving false, and finally compelling him to return to the bench. 
After working at the establishment of Miller Bros., where he intro- 
iluced the method of turning over the edge of pins ear-rings, etc., 
now so common in collar buttons, he commenced business again, 
and later joined hands with Smiley & Dorrance. This firm after- 
ward became known as W. C. Edge & Sons, but lately was incorpor- 
ated under the New Jersey State laws as The W. C. Edge Company. 
This company is known and patronized throughout the United 
States as well as abroad, and are manufacturing goods under the 
protection of the patented inventions of W. C. Edge, but now the 
company's property. Woven wire fabrics of 14 carats fine, are a 
principal feature of their industry-. They also show a handsome line 
of other work in pure gold. This also used in various weaves 
for saddlery hardware, upholstery work, fancy ornaments, dog 
collars, etc., etc. The latest inventions are " Edge's Excelsior Rein 
Holder," and patent "Aluminum Horse Shoe," which are a -success. 
Being one of those undaunted spirits who never say fail amid the 
most 'trying ordeals, he kept working, and while others of his 
associates were spending their time where pleasure rules the hour, 
he was engaged in the more profitable employment of delving deep 
after hidden mysteries and unravelling the skein of the mysterious, 
around which are gathered so much of that undiscovered in the 
realm of science and art. Not so much was the searching of his 
busy mind engaged in the work of discovering new principles, but 
in the work of applying old ones in new ways. 




IN A town in which the manufacturei- of jewelry is on a 
phenomenal scale and has great weight in determining the 
general activity, it would be the natural inference that there 
should be found individual experts in the business, men who have 
all the technique of the various branches of the jewelers' art at 
their fingers ends, and who can and do outclass the then wonder- 
ful workers of olden days. An example of such a one is found 
in Mr. George A. Scheller, of 290 Market street, near Pennsyl- 
vania railroad depot. Mr. Scheller is one of those rare men, who 
can take the raw material and make a watch from beginning to 
end ; artistic worker in chains and rings, in setting of diamonds 
and other precious stones, and in solid gold and silver work. 
With the accomplishments of the thorough artisan, Mr. Scheller 

combines the taste of the artist, 
and is withal a scientifician in 
the matter of time, so that he 
has become to Newark its 
se.xtant and chronometer. 

Naturally he is highly 
regarded in both industrial and 
social circles, and his highest 
testimonial is his success. 
His handiwork is all 
over the city, and 
many a watch that 
guides the move- 
m e n t s of million- 
aires, business men 
o r mechanics 
c o m e s to hi m 
when occasion 
demands for his 
scrutiny. Mr. 
Scheller makes a 
specialty of Ameri- 
can watches, and car- 
ries a fine line of jewelry. 
He is authority on diamonds 
and other precious stones. 

IT IS noteworthy to record the advances made by young and 
enterprising firms engaged in business pursuits, which, by 
their incessant and ever-ready efforts, have made their calling a 
success. One young firm who creditably represents the jewelry 
trade by their enterprise, is that of Messrs. Eastwood & Park, 
whose elegant design is herewith given. The works, situated 
corner Washington and Crawford streets, are tastefully fitted up 
with the necessary machinery, appliances, tools, etc The 
unrivaled and beautiful designs manufactured at their works have 
made the firm popular and have brought to them a notable line 
of customers. 




AMONG the prominent firms who have won honor and distinc- 
tion in the jewelry trade may be mentioned that of Bippart 
& Co., whose beautiful design forms the illustration on the opposite 
page. The works, on 
the corner of Mar.shal 
and Halsey streets, 
established in 1SS5, 
are admirably equip- 
ped with every con- 
venience and improve- 
ment known to the 
jewelers' t r a d e. A 
large number of 
skilled artists and 
mechanics are con- 
stantly employed i n 
designing and manu- 
facturing the elegant 
and useful novelties 
in gold and diamond 
jewelry for which the 
firm of Bippart & Co. 
is so well and exten- 
sively known through- 
out the leading cities 
of the United States 
and Canada. suoi' and salesroom of george a. scheller. 






THERE are perhaps no articles of American manufacture in 
which there has been a greater reduction in the cost, than 
that of watches and watch cases. 

But a few years since a gentleman's gold watch, of fairly good 
quality would cost not less than Sioo, and at the present time a 
fine article can be purchased for half that amount, and even less. 
This change is brought about, not only by the decrease in the 
cost of manufacturing by improvements in machinery, but also 
by the improved methods of construction. Especially is this 
noticeable in the manufacturing of watch cases. 

The old method of making a gold watch case of sufficient 
strength to retain its shape, and withstand the wear and tear 
required of it, must have a large percentage of precious metal 
stored away out of sight beneath the surfaces, where it is of no 
manner of use, except for the additional strength imparted by its 
presence ; or, on the other hand, if the metal is not placed there, 
the result is a weak, flimsy shell of a covering to the movement 
that is soon bent out of shape, admitting dust and dirt which 
soon ruins the watch. 

The Essex Watch Case Co. was organized in the fall of iSS6. 
with the following officers : George Courvosier, president ; 
Timothy Scales, secretary ; James H. Fleming, treasurer and 
general manager, and in March, iSSg, the entire business was 
purchased from the original stockholders by a syndicate consisting 
of T. B. Hagstoz, F. A. Lovecraft, J. E. McDonald and S. E. Rork, 
who at the present time occupy the respective offices as above, 
Mr. Alexander Milne being one of the principal stockholders and 
promoters of the enterprise. This concern is the pioneer of this 
industry in Newark, and is now manufacturing watch cases which 
are marvels of beauty, strength and economy. 

The first of these three great features in the class of articles 
produced, is arrived at by superior workmanship, and the second 
by constructing watch case parts, consisting of three separate 
and distinct plates of metal as follows ; On the outside a heavy 
plate of solid 14-kt. gold of sutficient thickness to allow of being 
engraved or carved, and to withstand the wear for the length of 
time of the average life of man ; this is backed up by a second 
plate of hard, rich composition metal to give it strength, which is 
covered with a third plate of solid 14-kt. gold to prevent oxydiza- 
tion ; thus forming by the union of the three parts one homogen- 
eous plate of metal out of which the watch cases are constructed. 
These cases are known as gold filled or stiffened. Watch 
cases produced in this manner are far superior to the solid gold, 
except in instrinic value, on account of their great durability. 

The popularity of these goods is such, on account of their 
great strength, that the thin flimsy unserviceable solid gold cases 
have been forced from the market ; and being as handsome as 
the solid gold and costing very little more than silver cases, the 
latter are rapidly being replaced by them. 

These watch cases are made in plain polished, satin finished, 
engine-turned, chased or engraved, raised colored gold orna- 
ments, enameled and stone or diamond set, in fact every style in 
which solid gold cases are made. 

The unprecedented growth of the Essex Watch Case Co. is the 
best evidence of the great merit in the goods produced by them. 
Having commenced business on the third floor of the Barrett- 
Brown building, corner N. J. R. R. avenue and Hamilton street, 
in September 1S86, with about a dozen hands, has steadily grown 
until in January, iSgo, they were compelled to move to the large 
new building, Nos. 47, 49, 51 Chestnut street, where are now 
employed over 100 hands, and considerably over 100 cases are 
produced each working day, and before the end of 1893, will have 
manufactured over cases. 



AMONG the industries carried on in the city of Newark that 
conducted by the Crescent Watch Case Company is worthy 
of special mention. A visit to the great buildings, a very striking 
photo engraving of which may be seen on this Jiage, where this 
essentially new branch of her industrial pursuits are carried on in 
Newark, fills the visitor with the conviction that the end of her 
industrial progress is not yet, and that the trend which set in 
years ago still continues Newarkward, as one after another of the 
teeming manufacturing industries of the country find their way 
hither, so much nearer di>es the mf)dest city on the Passaic become 
the manufacturing centre of the Western continent. It is enough 
to say, that the goods manufactured by the Crescent Company 

great buildings in which it is housed are situate on North Thir- 
teenth street and the Montclair branch of the D. L. &: W. Railroad, 
between Fifth and Sixth avenues. The readiness with which the 
railroad granted the Crescent company a siding of more than a 
quarter of a mile, in order to give them the absolutely necessary 
freighting facilities, proves very conclusively that the managers 
of the railroad know a good thing when they see it. 

Situate on the high grounds of the northerly section of Newark, 
known as Roseville, the watch case factory of the Crescent com- 
pany is picturesque indeed, and clearly shows just what it is, 
the most extensive of its kind in this country, if not in the world. 
This industry was started in 1SS2, as the Chicago Watch Case 
Company. In 1SS5 they removed to Brooklyn and became the 
Crescent. In i^'ii the plant, machinery, etc., was transferred to 






•> 1 — 1 











have a reputation for purity and excellence unexcelled. With one 
of the best plants for the business in the world, with all the latest 
improved labor-saving machinery and mechanical devices for 
doing the work in the best possible manner, and with a large 
corps of skilled artists selected after severe and critical trial, it 
is little wonder that such a desirable success is attained. 

Among the many industries carried on in Newark, there are few 
indeed, where the inventifms of the genius of her mechanics has a 
better display of results than can be seen in the manufacturing 
of watch cases at the Crescent. The rapid growth of their busi- 
ness has few precedents, and they now meet the markets of the 
world in the great variety of cases they present, and their ready 
sale is an unrefutable evidence of their merit. No citizen having 
the material interests of Newark in view, and the casual visitor as 
well, should fail to take a long look at the elegant plant of the 
Crescent in which is carried on the watch case industrv. The 



Newark and incorporated, with Walter H. Fitzgerald, as president ; 
Irving Smith, vice-president ; A. M. Crommelin, treasurer ; C. L. 
B. Crommelin, secretary, and August lleucke, superintendent. 

The richness, strength, durability and beauty of style and 
finish of the watch cases which this establishment turns out, are 
marvels among the marvelous. A firm and unalterable determi- 
nation from the start to use nothing but the best and purest 
among materials, to employ artists of the highest order and 
workmen of skill and character, they have bxiilt upon a founda- 
tion that knows no shaking, an industry of grandeur and 
promise, and which stands forth in its beautiful proportions a 
model for the world. The product of the Crescent, with the 
capacity of a thousand skilled operators, reaches into the millions 
of gold filled and solid silver watch cases of an endless variety of 
styles and patterns. The watch words of the Crescent are reflected 
from every watch case turned out in their purity and beauty. 




AS acomniunity we are distinctly a practical, common-sense 
and productive people, and our efforts are devoted almost 
wholly to manufacturing a wide and varied assortment of articles 
of utility and luxury, and forwarding many of them to distant 
climes and countries. Goods of Newark manufacture may be 
foimd in all the great markets of the world, and in these peaceful 
pursuits many men have not only reached affluence, but have 
also achieved a world-wide reputation through the excellence of 
the wares they have produced. 

Of this latter class none are more worthy of mention than Mr. 
Thomas Benfield, of Woodside, an excellent likeness of whose 
model factory is presented on this page. In some respects this is 

only for the class of work done, but also for the comfort and well 
being of the employees, which has been made a special feature. 
Mr. Benfield very sensibly believes that if an employer provides 
reasonable, cleanly pleasures for his hands and a comfortable 
place in which to enjoy them, it is not likely that they will 
squander their money in saloons, but in a majority of cases will 
become respectable and good citizens, and acting upon that belief 
this liberal and kindly employer has placed in his factory for the 
use of his men, reading rooms, billiard and pool rooms, and other 
social pleasures, with which to cultivate their minds or pass, 
their leisure moments pleasantly. 

In spite of his kindly heart and his efforts to better the condition 
of those whom he employs, Mr. Benfield is a shrewd and far- 
sighted business man, as is amply proved by his successful and 


without exception the finest factory building in this, a city of 
factories. Its dimensions are 165x135 feet. It is in its interior 
plan and fittings that its owner has displayed that intelligence and 
taste that make it a model building, and one for manufacturers 
who intend erecting factories and workshops to pattern after. It 
is located at the corner of Summer avenue and Halleck street, in 
that portion of the city known as Woodside, and is a handsome 
and striking brick structure three stories in height and was 
erected at a cost of between sixty and sixty-five thousand dollars. 
It stands upon a site, the dimensions of which are 200 x 300 feet, 
and it will thus be readily seen that if at any time more room is 
required, and it is probable that that point will be reached in the 
near future, there is ample land upon which to add extensions or 
erect additional buildings. 

In every respect it is most thoroughly equipped and fitted, not 

enviable business career. He began the manufacture of watch 
cases in 1SS2, at the corner of Gold and Beekman streets. New 
York city, as a member of the firm of Benfield & Tissot, and the 
business prospered from the beginning. Four years later the 
firm removed to the corner of Barclay and Washington streets. 
New York, and still it grew. In iSSS Mr. Benfield purchased Mr. 
Tissot's interest, and in July, 1S90, he began the erection of the 
splendid factory shown in the accompanying illustration. In 
addition to the business of manufacturing watch cases, Mr, 
Benfield is a large stockholder in the Wymble Manufacturing 
Company, silversmiths, whose work is very superior, and whose 
goods have a world-wide reputation, and also in the Benfield & 
Milne Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of enameled 
letters and signs. All of these industries are housed in buildings 
shown in cut. 



AMONt; the vast number of peculiar manufactures which 
characterize industrial Newark, none can claim more deser\'ed 
attention than the making of solid hollow gold, silver, copper, 
brass and composition wire. It has a deep interest for the 
student of precious metal working, and it was in Newark that the 
art attained its highest development. Twenty-five years ago Mr- 
Charles Nobs was devoting his attention to it, and his was the 
pioneer plant in this business. Now the product of the establish- 
ment which that gentleman and his two sons have built up, at 
Nos. 6i and 63 Mulberry street, and No. 24 Boudinot street, is 
famous wherever there is a manufacturing jeweler. It is a 
wonderful business, this working up of precious metals for 
utilitarian purposes, and some of the re.sults are incredible to 

ments follow in rapid succession, and rich new products are 
presented as the cycles of time move on. 

The manufactory is very complete in detail of equipment. The 
large slide valve engine which operates the machinery, was built 
by Hughes & Phillips, also of Newark. The machinery for wire 
making and bringing other material to perfection, is profuse and 
varied. The expert operators of the machines are of both sexes, 
a battalion of the best class of workers to be found in any branch 
of industry, and the highest commendation of their skill is the 
excellent repute in which their handiwork is held. Every consid- 
eration in the conduct of the concern gives way to the essential 
point of quality. This is not only the desideratum, but the 
absolute demand. 


one not thoroughly informed. To say thit a tiny block of gold 
may be drawn out to a thread fine as the fibre of a silk-worm, so 
fine as to be almost indistinguishable to the unaided eye, seems 
like an appeal to the credulous, but it is done every day at this 
establishment and not considered extraordinary. And this is but 
one of many curious examples in gold and silver wire-making for 
which the concern is noted. To achieve this and other peculiar- 
ities of the manufacture of gold and silver wire, demanded a 
knowledge of metallurgy, an insight into mechanical i>rinciples, 
and a keen brain to devise the intricate machinery, upon which 
successful results depend, is not the work of a day nor a decade. 
It was the outcome of deep, patient, well-directed thought, and a 
capacity for discovering the correct means to reach a desired end. 
It IS the story of every brainy craftsman who, knowing what is 
wanted, with clear head and dogged determination, sets himself 
about the act of solving the problem. Thus it is that improve- 

While the manufacture of solid hollow gold and silver wire is a 
prominent feature of the establishment, the principal products 
of the factory consists of watch case materials used by watch case 
makers such as crowns, pendants, bows, joint case pins, watch 
case springs, antique crowns and antique pendants. With these, 
as with all else that the factory makes, reputation depends 
on worth. It is a reputation honorably won, deservedly 
held, and bej'ond peradventure, lo be maintained as long as 
the establishment is under the control of the brains and energy 
that made it. 

The beautiful photos which illustrate the plant where the 
industry of this enterprising company is carried on, give a 
speaking representation of the external, and somewhat of the 
internal appearance of the factories where they turn out their 
rich products for the markets of the world and the delectation of 
the admirers of the beautiful, everywhere. 



Newaki-c Watch 
Case Material 


IN CALLING attention to 
the industrial pursuits 
which are carried on in the city 
of Newarli, the upgrowth of 
which in manufacturing great- 
ness has left her with few peers, 
when the extent of her territory 
and population are considered. 
With a little more than 2co,ooo 
people within her bounds, she 
outstrips all competitors with 
the exception of the two great 
commercial cities, New York 
and Philadelphia, which have 
more than a million each, and 
in the special branch which is 
now under consideration, she 
leaves even these big sister 
cities out of sight in the race. 
Indeed, all the watch case 
material manufactured on this 
Western Continent is made in 
the factories of Newark. 

The stem winding apparatus 
which takes the place of the 
old obsolete key in every 
American made watch, is 
turned out of Newark factories. 
It is not surprising that New- 
ark should hold the industry 
of watch case material manu- 
facturing, when she has in the 



thousands of her happy homes the skilled artisans domiciled so 
necessary to run the machinery, and whose skillful hands handle 
the tools. It is passing strange too, that the writer should have 
the opportunity of recording the fact, that almost the entire 
product of the watch case material is used up, on this side of 
the ocean, and that the factories engaged in this work are 
concentrated within the corporation limits of the city of 
Newark, and it naturally follows, and as a matter of course 
becomes very much of an item, in the grand integral part of the 
whole of her manufacturing greatness. 

Considering its late introduction, as it seems but yesterday 
when it was first introduced, and then on so small a scale, it 
appears that the influence of magic might assuredly have been at 

While the output of this great industrial establishment is con- 
sumed very largely right here at home, each one of the many 
necessary little articles having some absolute qualification 
for meeting certain ends, in the successful conduct of the sister 
industry of watch case making. Yet other centers of industr)- are 
not averse to purchasing the surplus from Newark's watch case 
material manufacturers, which carries with it in the trade mark it 
bears, the very highest qualities of perfection. 

The beautiful illustration showing the goods manufactured by 
this firm, as is easily seen in the line of a division of labor and 
specialties. With the growth of the watch-making industry of 
the United States, and more especially the stem-winding watch, 
it became absolutely necessary that there should be a special 
business, having for its purpose the furnishing of the stem- 
winding attachment to those engaged in the manufacture of 
watch cases. Prior to 1S74, when this company commenced to 



manufacture these 
articles, they were all 
imported direct from 
the Swiss manufac- 
turers, as all stem- 
winding watches were 
made in that countrj'. 
The president, 
Alexander Milne, of 
this company, being a 
jeweler, and \v i d e- 
awake and alert, saw 
the opportunity to 
start the business 
here. His first move 
was to associate him- 
self with a Swiss who 
had some practical 
experience in the 
watch-case line. The 
necessary tools and 
costly machinery 
which were indispen- 
sable adjuncts, were 
soon collected, and it 
was not very long be- 
fore the case-makers 
were purchasing their 
stem-winding crowns 
and other necessary 
material right here 
at home. There was 

no more going abroad, for the progressive spirit of a thorough- 
going Newark mechanic had made it unnecessary- through his 
genius applied. Although the beginnings were small, less than 
a half dozen men being employed, yet the growth of the indus- 
try has been phenomenal, and the company now have in their 
emplf)y nearly one hundred men. 



In the person of \V. S. Richardson, the treasurer of the 
company. President Milne has a helpmeet indeed, his clear, 
keen eye takes in at a glance every move of man or machine, 
and his excellent judgment gives warrant of successful manage- 
ment and the best of results. It is plainly due to the efforts of 
this company, and especially of President Milne and Treasurer 
Richardson that Newark has become the centre of the watch-case 
manufacturing industry of America. Por years they have persist- 
ently championed the cause. 

No claim is made that the beautiful photo engravings of this 
company which adorn these pages is placed there for advertising 
purposes, but only that the public may be made to fully under- 
stand the variety and scope of the work done by this companv. 
They also have invented and are now manufacturing an article 
called " The Aja.\ Watch Protector." desli^iuvl to prMtect watcbes 
from magnet- /^»^ 

ism, and also 
from the daily 
wear and tear 

caused by fric- W//l J)/ 

tion in the :J7^ Um 

pocket. They 
have been 
obliged to insti- 
tute se ver ;i 
lawsuits to pr^ 
tect their intc: 
ests. BecaujM.- 
of the popular- 
ity of the article 
it has been in- 
fringed upon, 
and an inferior 
imitation palm- 
ed off on the 
too credulous 




looL [itlAK IMt.N 1, UKNRV G. LEKORT. 


IN NO city of the United States (and few in any other part of the 
world) IS the industry of watch case material manufacturing 
carried on except in Newark. This industry in former years had 
its home in Switzerland, away over the waters of the great seas 
among the might}- Alps on Alps, where liberty was born. Indeed, 
it was not till within the last few decades that the Western world 
felt the full impulse of ihe mighty throb which sent the manu- 
facturing of watches, watch cases, and all the materials necessary 
in the outfitting of a lady or gentleman with an elegant watch, to 
the shores of America. And what more natural, where the 
business of making the fine wheels, the nimble spring, the delicate 
pointers and beautiful dials, and finall)- or last, though not least, 
the manufacture of the cases of unapproachable beauty to enclose 
the "works" in, came to America, and came to stay, that the sister 
industry of the making of watch case materials, a branch so 
eminently necessary to put the finishing touches on, should 


gradually lose its attachment to the home of its parents and come 
to America too. It is not sc long ago but what many, now in the 
full vigor of life and active yet in business, can remember when 
the stem-winding watch attachment was born, and it is safe to 
say that if the great industrial city of Newark was not the place 
wherein it was born, it had its christening here, and soon it 
became an industry of such promise, under the careful handling 
of the deft fingers of Newark makers, that the man, woman or 
child who carried a watch must needs have one that had this 
superb attachment originall)-, or which had been transformed into 
a " stem winder," and it must be Newark-made at that. 

The business was initiated by Mr. Henry Lefort, in 1872, who 
associated with him two other gentlemen, under the firm name of 
Lefort, Milne & Jourdan. This was but shortly after the event of 
the introduction into the best watch society of the stem-winding 
apparatus, and its coming into general use. The compan\- began 
business in a small waj-, as the demand was limited. It was a 
young industry and it required rather more than the average 
amount of business courage to start it, and acumen to conduct it 
successfully. It had its tutelage away up on the top floor at the 
corner of Columbia and Elm streets, in a room about thirty feet 
wide by sixty long. The j-oung industry was in the right hands. 
The skill to manufacture, and the brains to present the goods 
made a combination which was sure to win, and soon the demand 
for the excellent goods made became so general that more goods 
and greater facilities for their manufacture was the pressing need. 
To meet these necessities the firm packed up their machinery and 
tools and marched them away to the "Coe" building, on Marshal 
street. In 1S76 the firm dissolved, and Mr. Lefort and his son, 
the present proprietor, who had gained an insight into the busi- 
ness, contintied to carry on the establishment. So rapidlj- did the 
business develop under the excellent reputation their products 
were gaining wherever watches were made, they were forced to 
move again, and into still more commodious and advantageous 
quarters, which were found in the three-story brick building, at 
60 and 62 Arlington street. Here successes followed in rapid 
succession until 1890, when Mr. H. G. Lefort purchased the 
machinery, tools and good will from his father and removed to 
the present admirably fitted quarters 78 to 80 Mechanic street. 
Here Mr. H. G. Lefort, the proprietor and manager, who had 
thoroughly mastered the business m all its details, turns out an 
elegant class of thoroughly artistic goods in the line of watch 
case materials and kindred articles, and controls a large share of 
the very best trade. 

The reader's attention is here called to the beautful half-tone 
photo-engravings of very striking interior views, which show 
all that IS possible to bring out of the amount of machinery and 
tools it requires, and the number of people necessary to ha"ndle 
them in the work of making watch case materials and products of 
a kindred nature. 

NEU'ARf:. y. /.. J /.LUSTRA TED. 


The Irvinotom Smeltino and Refinino 

DEEP down in mother earth are the vaults of nature where she 
carries on her alchemistic works with might and main, 
turning out the beautiful virgin gold, bearing no stamp of a 
burthensome or detractive alloy and hiding it away in the rock's 
deep cre\-ice, thus forging a bright link in her great endless bind- 
ing chain. Not unlike the workshops of men which seek aggre- 
gation, hard-by the weaker sister, shimmering silver, is poured 
from crucibles heat with volcanic tire, to percolate in its most 
insinuating way, down deep among earth's foundation boulders 
of granite or gypsum. So hand in hand these precious metals 
wait, becoming more ductile and immeasurably deep refined till 
some accidental spark reaches the magazine, where nature has 
stored her compressed gases and, where explosives are refined, 
when through cavern's deep and dark roll sounds mightier by far 
than the deep mouthed thunder, or aught else which can com- 
pare with this earthquake or volcanic roar. Seeking a mighty 
expanse wherein to vent its despairing wrath the foundation 
rocks are ruthlessly torn, and gathering with mighty sweep the 
melted fragments and with the output of years. Ixjrn from broken 
crucibles and 
torn furnaces, 
the diamond 
stone, and the 
precious metals, 
sending them 
with one con- 
vulsive effort 
surf ace ward. 
Away up and 
up and on and 
on through the 
outlet chim- 
neys and ven- 
tive flues, na- 
ture sends forth 
the gold to seek 
the waters of 
some babbling 
brook to cool its 
burning, by the 
fire that is not 
consuming, de- 
posi ti n g it 
where men who 

are seekers may find. The silver too, for a lower state inclined 
lingers by the way, and forgetful of the influence that was hurry- 
ing it on, stops and nestles in crevices of the deep, dark, rocky 
mine, creeping into "pockets" of granite, where the ferret-like 
mercury fearless of the granite mills sullen grinding, grapples it 
in amalgam. Just how the skilled chemist of nature organizes 
and handles the wee bits, which we call the precious stones, the 
rarest of which is the diamond, which the wizards among men 
have decided is naught but pure carbon, we wot not ; but this is 
vouched to us that with ag^eat deal of searching in the far away 
South American, African or Gtmcoldian mines men find them. 
But few in number, and yet fewer are the humans which have 
enough of the precious, of the gold or silver to buy them. 

That no small share of the wealth of the nations lies hidden in 
the dust beneath our feet is being demonstrated daily. In this 
statement, of course, reference is had to one great elementary, or 
rather foundation article, which has time and again been in the 
hands of the people and by the force of circumstances, or through 
manipulations, scientific, or otherwise, returned to the dust from 
whence it came, in the mediums presented in the old oaken, pine, 
red wood, spruce, or hemlock floors, quietly and uncomplain- 
ingly beanng their burden, but growing rich all the same, as the 
weight of years grows heavier and heavier by the lapse of time, 

and under the tread of many busy feet, forcing its shining grains 
close down for keeping company with the lost which may be 
found again. Where in the manipulations of the precious metals in 
the manufacture of jewelrj-, watches, etc., quite a large percent- 
age escapes by accident in various ways and in carelessness of 
handling, and finds its way into the dust heaps where it is carried 
with the sweepings, the floors, of course, clinging to its share with 
great tenacity as now and then a sequel proves. In great jewelry 
and other establishments where more or less milling is carried on, 
notwithstanding the great care exercised in sweeping up refuse 
and floor dust, much often remains in crack and crevice and 
beneath the innocent looking hemlock sliver. Men of genius for 
years sought out plans for the recovery of the precious stuft', 
finally success crowned the efforts and to-day the industry of 
smelting and refining is a leading one. In the beautiful illus- 
tration on this page is presented a photographic view of the 
great industrial establishment of tilorieux & Woolsey, in which 
is carried on the business of smelting and refining. These works 
are situate near the prosperous suburban village of Irvington, and 
are peerless in elegance of construction and convenience. 

This company which is one of the leaders in this branch of 
industry have their offices at 912 Broad street. The exceedingly 

happy results 
of one of their 
latest business 
and successful 
operations has 
given them a 
wonderful busi- 
ness promin- 
ence, that 
largely supple- 
mented their 
already envia- 
ble reputation 
for perspicuity, 
honesty and 
among the 
j e w e 1 e rs and 
business men 
of the country. 
The works of 
this company 
being among 
the largest and 
best appointed of any in the United States, giving them facilities 
which few in the business could control and, having demonstrated 
a superior excellency of method in the conduct of their business, 
when the great watch case concern of Robins & Appleton decided 
to confine their industry to the manufacture of watch movements 
solely, the contract (which proved a monster one) of tearing down 
the old buildings in New York city, in which they had carried on 
the business of watch case making for many years, under the 
title of the American Waltham Watch Case Company was 
awarded to them. The whole thing was brought to their factories 
in Newark, where they burned, smelted and refined the same. 
The wonderful success which resulted having been the great 
newspaper theme and talk of the people for months, it was con- 
sidered worthy of introduction here since they paid to the Ameri- 
can Waltham Company, out of the proceeds a nugget of pure 
gold worth S66.o<x>, a truly handsome amount of the precious yel- 
low dust to be found hidden away in the wonderful pile of rich 
debris from an old dilapidated, used up (apparently) worthless, 
good for nothing, lot of factory buildings. This is only another proof 
of the fact that these gentlemen have the genuine stamp of the 
true American spirit. Besides being successful business men and 
conductors of one of Newark's greatest industries, they have time 
to take part in public affairs, with credit to their constituency. 





THE city of Newark can claim the distinction of being the only 
city on this continent where this industry is carried on. 
Platinum, while not as -well known as many other of the metals, 
occupies a very important position in the arts and sciences ; in 
fact, many chemical operations could not be carried on and many 
delicate electrical appliances could not be manufactured without 
it. The increased demand for this metal has probably marked 
the advance of civilization fully as much as any other metal. The 
Ural Mountains furnish about So per cent, of the crude product 
of the world. It is shipped direct from the mines to Baker & 
Company, of this city, who are the only refiners of that product 
on this continent. The refining process includes not only the 

tation, and so on. It is one of the most malleable and probabljr 
the most ductile metal known, as it is possible to draw a naked 
wire down to one thousandth of an inch in diameter. The use to 
which this wire is put is usually for fuses in dynamite cartridges, 
and by a little different process of drawing, a wire very much 
finer can be obtained, known as spiderweb wire, which is used as 
the cross lines in the theodolite, and also for the meridians in the 
telescope. Platinum sponge, as is well known, possesses the 
peculiar property of uniting oxygen and hydrogen gas, and this 
property has been put to some practical use in the construction 
of electric cigar lighters, etc. 

The space is too limited here, nor is it desirable to enter upon 


separati<m of the platinum, but also of the iridium, osmium, 
ruthemium, rhodium, palladium, etc. It may be added that it is 
always found alloyed with gold and iron. The principal use for 
iridium is the pointing of gold pens, it being very hard, thereb)' 
withstanding abrasion, with little or no perceptible wear. Iridium 
is also used for alloying platinum, as it renders that metal 
extremely hard, thus permitting it to be used for purposes that 
pure platinum could not be used for. Platinum is consumed very 
largely by incandescent lamp-makers, manufacturing chemists, 
artificial tooth-makers, laboratories, schools, colleges, etc. Its 
high point of fusion renders it indispensable for various forms of 
analytical work, and its insolubility makes it of great value to the 
chemists for concentrating sulphuric acid, and for many other 
purposes. In fact, without this metal, it would be impossible to 
make many of the chemical determinations that are now so 
important to this branch of the science. It is also very useful to 
the surgeon, as it is very extensively used in electro-surgical 
operations. It also is used very largely by jewelers for ornamen- 

an}- lengthy article regarding the chemical and physical properties 
of this metal. Suffice it to say that it is one of the heaviest, most 
infusible and indistructable of all metallic substances, and is 
becoming more and more useful to the scientist and inventor 
every day. The illustrations herewith given represent the works of 
Baker & Co., located at Nos. 40S, 4:0, 412 and 414 New Jersey Rail- 
road avenue, of this city, which are not only the oldest established, 
but as before stated, are the only refiners of crude platinum in 
this country, but their business is not confined to the refining of 
platinum alone, as they manufacture the metal into foil, wire 
crucibles, dishers, stills, retorts, &c. , &c. , in fact furnish it in all 
forms for all purposes. They also refine and handle gold, silver, 
palladium, iridium, osmium, ruthemium, rhodium, and the rare 
and precious metals generally. The demand for the last-named 
metals is rapidly increasing as science advances and requires 
more delicate instruments, for while they resemble each other in 
many respects, they all possess distinctive qualities, rendering 
them of great value to the scholar and experimenter. 




ffffllllMf Ilpffittim . 

»• ^J 



IN TrRXIXCi the pages of Illistratkh Nkwakk. where one 
after another follow in quick succession the photosjraphie 
presentations of the beautiful plants of the various industries so 
successfully carried on within her bounds, which seem fitted by 
nature as the grand concentration point where they should l>e 
carried on we know the examiners and readers must be wonder- 
fully elated, and rise from their sittings satisfied and contented. 
Not this alone, but he must feel that he has learned some lessons 
in the history of Newark, Xcw Jersey, on the Pa.ssaic river, that 
he never knew before. If in the presentation of this work to the 
world we have done nothing more than brint; 
before them the realization to the full of Xew 
ark's real greatness in shadow only, as tht 
beautiful photographic views loom up befori^ 
them, we shall be content. 

Among the thousands which speak in vol- 
umes of her praise for the good work already 
done, we present the industr)- of smelting and 
refining as conducted by Lelong & Bro., durin.i; 
the past thirty-five years in the great brick 
buildings, on Halsey, Marshall and Xevada 
streets. A very fine idea of the greatness and 
grandeur of this concern where such a rich, rare 
and extensive business is carried on under the 
immediate supervision of Mr. Louis Lelong, 
his brother Alexander and Mr. Charles J. 
Dega\Te can be had by a careful examination 
of the plates presented here. This firm is 
extensively and favorabh- known throughout 
the United States, Canada, Central America 
and Mexico. 


OV THIS page is seen a beautiful half-tone picture of the 
separating room which is truly representative of the 
industrial concern carrying on the important business of refining 
at Xo. 13 and 15 Franklin street, by Robertson \- Leber. The 
firm began the business of refining, assaying and smelting gold, 
silver and platinum in 1SS9, and are thoroughly, well and favora- 
bly known throughout the United States and Canada. The 
members of the firm are young and enterprising men and are 
representatives of that who earn success by first gaining a 
knowledge of their elected business undertaking. 




SCi OVERCROWDED has the city of Newark become, with 
its growing industries in its more central portions, that 
many very large establishments have erected their plants far out 
in the suburbs. Such has been the case with the concern of 
Oscar A. Nenninger, in which is carried on the business of gold 
and silver refining, sweep smelting, etc. 

To procure the necessary ground room whereon to erect the 
buildings for the housing of his machinery, furnaces, smelting 
pots, materials, and all the paraphernalia for the conduct of his 
business, Mr. Nenninger's footsteps turned northward, to the 
region where the beautiful Passaic is crossed by the New York 
& Greenwood Lake Railroad, and near where the Second river 
empties into the stream as it winds its lovely way among the 
green hills, which grasp its smiling waters in tender embrace as 
they run rippling on toward the great ocean. The plot lies quite 
near the river, on Passaic avenue, in the region formerly known 

Oscar A. Nenninger, as well as being a thoroughly practical 
business man, and an adept at the work of wringing success from 
the grasp of apparently unyielding difficulties, is a man of science, 
and all along, during the years of his successful conduct of hi.s 
industry of gold and silver refining, assaying, and smelting high 
grade gold and silver ores, and jewelers' sweeps, he has opened 
up a new specialty in nickel refining. 

After years of study and patient experiment, he succeeded in 
the work of refining the utile, rich and beautiful metal known as 
nickel, which in this age of the world is so largely used in plating 
and taking the place of silver in many great industries. Just how- 
large a debt of gratitude the world owes Oscar A. Nenninger for 
his discovery of a cheap and easy method of refining nickel, will 
never be known, as he cheerfully gave the long days of his labor 
and toil, and followed the bent of his genius, far away into the 
small hours of the early morning, so many, many times, as he 


as Woodside, but now passes under the name of North Newark. 
There the huge furnaces of peculiar shape send forth the curling 
smoke indicative of the burning processes going on below, and 
burning out every vestige of impurity, converting the refuse into 
ashes, cinder and smoke, and melting the precious metals down 
which lie hidden therein. The molten mass, gathering into 
shining grains of yellow gold, shining nickel and sparkling silver 
bars as rich and pure as the original ore gathered from far-away 
Australian or Californian mines. 

As well as the smelting, Mr. Nenninger carries on the refining 
of the precious metals. This is an industry which tends largely 
to the aggrandizement of Newark, and many of her wide-awake 
go-ahead men have not only found wealth in its conduct, but 
pleasure as well, and have succeeded by their marvelous skill 
and indomitable energy in carrying the business to a high grade of 
success. Some of the most extensive plants in the city are given 
over to this business of smelting and refining. The business con- 
ducted by Mr. Oscar A. Nenninger, in the commodious buildings, 
a speaking likeness of which our artist has transferred to these 
pages from sketches taken on the spot, was founded in 1SS3, 
by Mr. Nenninger, and has had a remarkably successful career. 

pursued his ideal into the furnace and smelter by way of experi- 
ment, without expectation of fee or reward. That he is reaping a 
rich reward from the addition of this specialty — the refining of 
nickel — to his old-established industrial pursuits, is a fact that can- 
not be gainsayed. No one will deny but that it is well deserved. 
In all probability there are few industries which give a better 
return, nor are there many which require an outlay greater in 
securing it, than that of smelting and refining, and the sister 
industry of assaying the precious metals, gold, silver and nickel. 
Although the latter is seldom reached, and more seldom finds a 
place in the conduct of the manufactures arts than this cit)', 
where such a mighty variety of productions spangle the city over 
and over with the richest and rarest, and the costliest and cheapest 
in the long range of productions which are the output of the 
genius of the greatest number of skilled workmen that have 
known concentration in any other one given place. The amount of 
capital is quite fabulous that is necessary to bring these workmen 
up to the point of output, as the result of a conversion of their 
study and labor, and the readiness with which those who hold the 
capital, put it forth, and uncomplainingly accept the resultant 
profit or loss, is highly commendable. 




THE wonderful work of the transformations and transmutations 
of the precious metals carried on in the industrial concerns 
of the city of Newark, is a subject of a startling nature to the 
average casual obser\-er, but when studied in its detail and minutia 
becomes of the deepest interest to the closest student. First in 
the amount of the precious stuff handled, in the multitudinous 
processes carried on, and second in the almost infinitessimal 
variety, styles, makeups and patterns of the articles of ornament, 
virtue and necessity, into which they are converted by force of 
the manipulations through which they pa-ss and the cunningness of 
the devices which the ingenuity of our mechanics bring to bear on 
the machinery- and machines, which so willingly a.ssist their deft 
fingers in the almost magical work of their conversion. 

In this article we shall only have to do with beautiful silver, the 
weaker sister of 
the beguiling 
gold, which 
ranks among 
the richest of 
nature's outputs 
from her won- 
derful crucibles. 
Althought it is 
found but sel- 
dom near the 
surface of 
mother earth, 
ever so rich in 
her treasures. 
1> u t generally 
a w a y d e e j) 
down the virgin 
ore is found 
nestling close in 
the loving em- 
1) r a e e of its 
granite founda- 
tions awaiting 
the attack of the 
miner with drill 
and blast, and 
daring hand 
forcing it into 
the bucket of 
ascent to reach 
the surface, 
where in the 
embrace of the 

ruthless crusher it is torn asunder and brought in contact with 
the insidious mercurj' and sparkling electro magnetic current, 
which catches up with nimble fingers the bright grains and 
hands them over to take their place in the line of march of the 
industries next to gold. So plentiful is silver when compared 
with gold, so great a value is not fixed upon it. The compara- 
tive cheapness and beauty of silver has had verj' much to do 
with its utility, and thus its adaptation follows to a great variety 
of purposes of ornamentation and usefulness, where the more 
expensive gold cannot be applied with advantage. 

Like many other industries which have their abiding place in 
Xewark workshops, so the manufacturing of useful and almost 
indispensable articles from silver has grown to such an extent, 
that Xewark now claims to be the main centre for manufacturing 
silver products. 

Prominently among the number engaged in the conversion of 
virgin silver into articles of commerce, is the enterprising young 
firm of William A. Schenck & Co., which carries on a silver 
industry at the north-west corner of Washington and Crawford 

HhN< K v 

<ll.\ I K^Ml I H-. \V \^illN 

Streets. This company though young, has already gained an 
enviable reputation as silversmiths and electro depositors with 
silver in all of the many later day scientific and artistic processes. 
The products from the factories of this comjjany stand unrivalled 
for beauty and excellence of workmanship and finish. The 
attractive style in which they finish up the novelties among their 
productions, and the elegant and graceful designs in all their rich 
and beautiful products has given them a reputation, which places 
their goods at the top of the silver market. Those in pursuit of 
articles in silverware novelties, or bric-a-brac in any of its 
glittering lines have but to leave their orders with this responsible 
house, the members of which are all Xewarkers and men of a high 
order of ability and of undoubted integrity, giving assurance in 
full that it will be satisfactorily and quickly filled. With all the 

latest modern 
improved m a- 
chinery and a 
large corps of 
skilled work- 
men, they are 
enabled to com- 
pete with any 
house i n t h e 
trade. They 
stand ready at 
all times to 
make estimates 
and enter into 
contracts for 
solid silver nov- 
elties of every 

.•\s a matter of 
course it is al- 
ways in order 
to make a visit 
and personal 
inspection, to 
get at a satis- 
factory under- 
standing of 
what is going 
on in the work- 
shops, and see 
all the beautiful 
things the man- 
ufacturers have 
to show in their 
display parlors, but this cannot always be. The next best thing 
to do is to glance at the truthful representations from the artist's 
pencil and engravers' skill on this page. Here can be seen most 
striking likeness of the articles resulting from the industry con- 
ducted by the gentlemen above named. Here is seen the beauti- 
ful souvernir spoons which this firm turns in a great variety of 
styles and rich designs, also rare samples of enameling on silver, 
opaque and transparent. Elegant specimens of enamel filagree, 
works of art. etc., in great variety of styles and patterns. But a 
modicum only is here shown of the hundreds of entrancingly, 
beautiful, artistic and useful articles manufactured by William A. 
Schenck & Co., silversmiths. From these factories are turned 
out daily, enough of the rich and beautiful of artistic goods made 
from silver, shells of tortoise, pearl and ivory, of enamel products 
and filagree work to startle the novice into exclamations of won- 
der and delight and create surprise, even in the breasts of the 
educated in art, those who have tried to believe from long exper- 
ience that there is naught but old things under the sun, when 
directly the reverse is made manifest by this firm's products. 

KAW t 'iKD --1 KEF.TS. 




THE above company was organized and incorporated on 
August 17, 18S7, for the manufacture of sterling silver ware 
and novelties, and is to-day the pioneer establishment in the city of 
Newark devoted exclusively to the manufacture of sterling silver 
ware. So rapidly had the business of this company increased it 
became necessary for them to procure more capacious quarters in 
which to carry on the industry. Their recently erected large and 
commodious works, which are shown on the opposite page, are 
situate near the beautiful suburban village of Irvington. The 
main building is an immense brick structure, three stories high, 
120 feet long by 40 feet wide. The entire building will be occupied 
by the Alvin Manufacturing Company. 

Mr. Wm. H. Jamouneau is the president and secretary of the 

the glass surface by the electric current. When this operation is 
successfully completed the article is shown completely encased in 
its covering of pure silver. The article is then taken in hand by 
skillful artists who trace the most intricate designs on the silver 
surface. The designs are of a continuous character and the inter- 
vening spaces are by another process cut away or removed, so as 
to expose the crystal surface in the interstices of the design. The 
article is then passed to the engraver, who richly embellishes the 
remaining surface by engraving suitable designs, such as rich 
renaisance scrolls, floral effects, and sometimes for special articles, 
landscape scenes, figures, animals and so forth. When this 
engraved surface has been highly polished, which is the last and 
finishing operation, the highly polished tracery of silver contrast- 
ing with the clear and biilliant surface of the glass, the effect of 
which is enhanced bv the silver reflections from the inner surface 


company, and Mr. Henry L. Leibe its treasurer. They are both 
practical mechanics and thoroughlj^ posted in all the technical 
processes involved in the manufacture of silver ware. 

Undoubtedly the most novel and at the same time artistic work 
turned out by them is that known as electro-deposit goods, a few 
cuts of which are herewith shown. This most beautiful class of 
work was invented and brought to a state of great commercial 
success by this firm. It is impossible in a short descriptive 
ai'ticle to do justice to this work. It is applied to decanters 
perfume and toilet bottles, caraffes, claret pitchers, flasks, per- 
fume atomizers and in fact an almost endless varietj^ of articles of 
crystal glass. Without attempting a technical description of the 
process, which by the way is carefully guarded as a trade secret, 
suffice it is to say, that the article to be silvered which is of crys- 
tal glass, is rendered metallic by a coating of silver deposited on 

of the glass, is conceded to be the most beautiful that has been 
produced in the line of silver ware. 

Another interesting, useful and important branch of this special 
process is the coating by silver deposit of handles for umbrellas 
and canes. Some of the most novel and striking designs that 
have been produced are shown in the accompanying illustrations. 
For this work the choicest varieties of imported sticks are selected; 
among the most popular are the German weichsel or wild cherry, 
the French oak and medlar, the English hazel and cavada, the 
Scotch furze and the Irish black thorn. 

The selected stick is immersed in the plating bath after being 
treated chemically to prevent the absorption of the plating solu- 
tion, and the silver is deposited on the desired portion to the 
necessary thickness. It is then removed from the bath and care- 
fully polished and oxidized so as to bring out all its natural 



characteristics of the wood in the finished silver. The effect thus 
produced is most unique and highly artistic. Again, various 
designs, such as ferns, flowers and other patterns appropriate to 
the character of the wood, are sometimes etched on the deposited 
surface and o.\idized so as to produce an effect of relief. By this 
the highest artistic e.xcellence is produced. But while the Alvin 
Company have always made this work a special and leading 
feature, they are by no means confined to it, but turn out a very 
artistic and attractive line of what is technically known as hollow 
ware, consisting of such articles as tea-sets, fruit dishes, berry 
bowls, sugar and cream sets, and a general line of flat and fancy 
wares among which we might enumerate salad sets, pie servers, 
cream ladles, ice cream knives, meat forks, cheese scoops, carving 
sets, etc. 

at once set their most skillful designers at work to design special 
patterns of spoons to be sold in the various cities. The most 
expensive dies were made to strike these designs from, often at a 
cost of several hundred dollars each, but the results in every case 
more than justified the original expenditure on the dies. They 
were noted at once for the striking originality of their designs, 
and the demand that arose from the trade throughout the country 
soon proved a severe tax on their facilities for manufacturing the 
spoons. From time to time the plant was enlarged to meet the 
requirements, until finally it was found necessary to build the 
large factory at Irvington, before referred to. Space will not 
permit of a description of one-tenth of the patterns designed and 
made in souvenir spoons, but among the best known and most 
successful \vc enumerate the " Washington," " Cleopatra," 






Several prize trophy cups recently designed and manufactured 
by them have received verj- high commendation from experts. A 
prize loving cup has just been completed, which was presented 
by the Sunday Call, to the winners of three men teams byeicle 
race at the annual meets of the Riverside Cyclers, held at 

Perhaps one of the most interesting features in the silver 
industry' during the past decade, is that known as the " souvenir 
spoon fad." It originated in Europe where for some time it has 
been the custom for tourists to purchase spoons of various pat- 
terns from jewelers, and have the name of the town engraved on 
them, so as to render them perpetual souvenirs of the place. The 
Alvin Company were one of the first houses to foresee the 
demand that would arise for this popular ff)rm of souvenir, and 

" Miner," " Uncle Sam," " Phoenix,' " Columbus World's Fair," 
'■ Buffalo," " Historical Cannon." " Wheelman," " Washington 
Monument," "New York Liberty," "Marguerite," and "Cam- 
paign " spoons. These two latter were struck in commemoration 
of the campaign of 1892, and were very popular as a campaign 
novelty. The first impression from the dies were sent to the 
respective candidates, who acknowledged their appreciation by 
letters, now held by the firm. At the present writing their prin- 
cipal energy is being devoted to designing and making souvenir 
spoons for the World's Fair Columbian Exposition to be held at 
Chicago in 1S93. Already the demand for these World's Fair 
souvenirs is ver>' great, and is increasing daily. 

The parties conducting this industry are young and as the 
results prove, full of enterprise. 


'ERHAPS there is not within the wide domain 
of industrial activity to-day in the United 
States any branch of art in which a higher 
degree of technical skill is displayed, than in 
the line of business devoted to the engraving 
of rolls for printing calicoes, satinets, silks, oil 
cloths and kindred articles, and for embossing 
textile fabrics, paper, rubber and metals, and 
may be added also, in few has there been 
made such notable progress of late years. The 
advance made in this direction during the 
past quarter of a century or so in this country, is of a very 
marked and gratifying character. 

In this connection special mention should be made of the wideh- 
known and flourishing firm of engravers, Thomas and George M. 
Stone, Newark Engraving "Works, which enjoys the distinction of 
being the oldest, leading and best equipped establishment of the 
kind in the United States, having since the inception of the enter- 
prise thirty-five years ago maintained a record of steady and 
substantial progress, while its products are in steady and extensive 
demand, not only throughout the entire Union, but also Mexico, 
South America and Canada. The premises occupied were built 
by them in the year iSSS, and are supplied with ample 
steam power and are completely equipped in every respect with 
the most improved machinery, aj^pliances and appurtenances known 
to the art, while employment is afforded upwards of fort)--five 
expert workmen, designers, engravers and skilled hands. 

The work turned out here is A i in every feature, in design, 
execution, finish and effectiveness, while the patronage of the 

firm is fully commensurate with the capacity of the works, and the 
name and standing of the concern. After long experimenting 
the}- have been successful in putting in a gas hardening or anneal- 
ing furnace, which is, in every respect, a safer and cleaner process. 
Messrs. Stone do the greater part of the engraving that is done 
for the calico, silk, satinet and oil cloth printers throughout the 
country, for whom the)- do the fine designing and engraving, 
which is instrumental in producing the printed goods of various 
kinds and stj-les, which are so pf>pular everywhere and the hand- 
somest work of this kind that has ever been seen comes from this 
establishment. The work on some of the rollers used for emboss- 
ing cloth, velvet, satin, paper, rubber, zinc, brass and other sheet 
metals is most elaborate in character, and dies of all sorts are 
made for striking off buttons, bangles and various kinds of 
jewelry work. Rolls are made from the most diminutive size up 
to those weighing over a ton. Latel)- the firm has been doing a 
great deal in getting up rolls for oil cloth manufacturers, some 
of the patterns requiring as manj- as six rolls to complete 

Rolls have also been made which enable leather manufacturers 
to imitate alligator and seal skins that any one but an expert 
would pronounce them to be the genuine skin. The satisfactorj- 
result from these rolls was obtained only after years of experi- 
menting, as it was a very difficnilt matter to get an exact seal 
impression. The firm is now ab e to produce an imitation of any 
seal skin desired. It is also at these works that the rolls are 
made which are used in printing or embossing the celebrated 
Lincrusta-Walton, which is used so much for decorating the 
interiors of our fine buildings, state rooms of steamships, parlor 



tars, etc. The largest rolls ever made as well as the 
finest have been prochiced by the Messrs. Stone. It 
would be hard to enumerate the many purposes for 
which thev have made rolls at different times. 


& CO, 

THE man who has the patience, and is endowed 
with a mind succeptible to such impressions as 
will tit it by education to guide the arms, hands and 
fingers, into the skillful ways for the manufacture of 
medallion heads, portraits, figures and all kinds of 
dies and tools for jewelers and fancy brass work, 
celluloid and hard rubber dies, embossing dies for 
stationers, steel stamps, seal presses, hat tip dies, 
cV-c, is an artist indeed, and a child of genius, and 
such an one is Albert Schlueter, and as is his partner 
Henry Loeffler. The business now conducted so 
skillfully by the wizard-like Schlueter, was started 
in iSSi by Mr. H. Fiedler, who carried it on till iSSf), 
when Mr. Schlueter took hold, and Mr. Loeffler two 
years later. Albert Schlueter is in love with his art. 
and per conseciuence the work turned out from the 
establishment of A. Schlueter & Co. is all of a very 
high character, and is in demand everywhere that 
first-class goods find a market. This company keep 
a number of skilled artists at work in the commodious 
and well-arranged establishment, as shown on this 
l)age. by an engraving made from a sketch from the 
pencil of our artist, which is located at 363 Market 
street, near the P. R. R. Depot. They make a 
specialty of medallion heads, portraits, figures and all 
kinds of die sinking and jewelers' tools as well. An 
order left with Albert Schlueter & Co. will always be 
a welcome guest, and its filling will be but the 
occupation of the time between now and imme- 

W(lKk^ UK lllo>. Ji (ii;0. M. ST(JNK. KSCiKAVKKS, IIAMIl.TnX ANIJ M Wll^K I IK >l KKI I > 








AMONG the jewelry industries carried on in this city, the art 
of enameling forms a most important part in the decoration 
of jewelry and watch cases. Prominently engaged in this art 
stands Mr. Joseph Powell, whose portrait is herewith given. 
This gentleman conducts the business of enameling at No. 12 
Green street, where he devotes his entire attention to the beauti- 
ful art of decorating and painting in enamel on every description 
of article in solid silver and silverware in plain and fancy colors. 

THE designing and manufacturing of seals for societies, cor- 
porations and notary publics, the designing, engraving and 
die sinking for jewelers, and ornamental brass work, also for 
leather and paper embossing, is one of the numerous industries 
for which the city is noted. Mr. H. Buchlein, whose portrait 
illustrates this page, engaged in the business twenty years ago, 
and from his workshop have come some of the finest specimens 
of badges, and society insignia, known to the trade. His factory 
is located on the third floor of 7S7 Broad street. ] le is a practical 
mechanic in the manufacturing of marvels in this line, prompt 
and reliable in all his business relations and deserves the 
success with which he has met. 


AMONG the numerous industries carried on in a great manu- 
facturing city like Newark, there are to be foimd thousands 
of expert mechanics upon whose skill and experience many of 
them in a greater or less degree depend. There are perhaps but 
few engaged in the profession of consulting mechanical engineer- 
ing and draughting, who have won a higher reputation for all 
round expert work than Mr. Henry M. I,ittle, whose portrait 
forms one of the illustrations herewith given. This enterprising 
citizen and mechanic is well and favorably known in Newark, he 
having been identified with the silk factory on Bank street for a 
number of years. He is now a resident of Wabash, Indiana. 
That growing Western city is a fine field in which Mr. Little will 
find a wide range for the exercise of his versatile engineering 
talents. Like many another Newarker who has gone forth to 
other fields, we opine that the same success which so eminently 
marked his career in the practice of his profession here, will 
follow him there. He was long a familiar figure about the silk 
works on Bank street, and he has left not a few monuments of his 
engineering skill, and his business tact and energy as well, in the 
great brick building known as the Newark City Silk Mills. For 
many years Mr. Little had the entire control and management of 
the same. 

EXK^' M. Ell ri>:, IIKAL '.H l>MA\. 





I : K.X 1 JlvKV is: CKAK 


THIS firm was organized in 1S.S3, and is composed of 
Messrs. Daniel Bradley and Andrew K. Craig, 
each of whom are practical mechanics in the engravers 
art, and were among the first to produce successfully, 
colored patterns for oil cloth printing, on which they 
retain a monopoly, due perhaps, to their superior work- 
manship, and have produced the largest engraved rolls 
now in use. The engraving of rolls for embossing 
sheet metal, paper, leather, etc., forms a large part of 
their trade, throughout the United States, Canada and 
Europe. Rolls for printing silk, plush, calico, satinet, 
wall papers, etc., make up the balance of their out put. 
Many of the best acknowledged patterns have been 
engraved by this firm. The machinery used is first-class, 
and the works are equipped with every improvement 
known to the trade, and none but the best expert work- 
men are employed. In the illustrations herewith given 
is a beautiful engraved table cloth and photos of the 
yourg and Enterprising proprietors. 




THE engraving industry as carried i>n in the city of Newark has 
in all probability at the hands of no individual or company, 
a fairer exposition than from these of Vogel & Kubler, who do a 
large business as engravers to oil cloth, calico, paper and satinet 
printers, also rollers for the embossing of plush paper, rubber, 
leather and all sheet metals, under the firm name or title of the 
Essex Engraving Works, located at 125 and 127 New Jersey 
Railroad avenue, between Green and Elm streets. 

This engraving 
business was estab- 
lished in iSSS, by 
the head of the 
present firm, Mr. 
A. Vogel and Mr. 
Albert J. Kubler. 
The truly marvel- 
ous success which 
has followed the 
career of this firm 
is only another 
demonstration of 
the w e 1 1-k n o w n 
fact, which long 
ago passed into 
the field of adage, 
"That honesty is 
the best policy." 
From the very be- 
.ginning the firm 
prospered, and 
liow the industrv 
which had a very 
modest beginning, 
has its plant 
housed in the 
ALOYS VOGEL. cxtcnsivc and im- 

posing buildings, of which a faithful representation of the interior 
is presented on tliis page, through the instrumentality of our 
artist's pencil, who so faithfully photographed them, and the 
engraver who fashioned the plates for this beautiful picture. 

Few industries among the thousands which have their homes in 
this busy city on the Passaic, have had such smooth sailing as 
this one over which Mr. A. Vogel presides. A stranger may be 
pardoned for asking, why is this? When the answer would come 
up in ready response. Mr. Vogel is an artist himself and knows 
all about the biisiness, and it is quite natural to believe that he 
knows just what he is about all the while, and can see quite 
readily how to 
avoid the rocks 
upon which the 
business might 
strand were not the 
helm of the good 
ship in such wise, 
quick and clear 
discerning hands ''. 

Whenever t h c 
rollers they manu 
facture arereqired, 
the firm is already 
so well and favora- 
bly known and the 
goods which are 
the output of their 
industry have been 
so well tested, they 
find a ready sale at 
very remunerative 
rates. The dimen- 
sion of the build- 
ings are 40 by 75 
'^^t- .\li!i:rt j. kukler. 




NOTHING leads to a greater degree of surprise and wonder 
to the investigator of the extent and variety of the 
industries tarried on in this great manufacturing centre, than 
that of rivet making. This industry occupies a most important 
place in the aggregation, it acting as feeder to many other things. 
No manufacturing establishment where iron-hooped barrels, 
casks, etc., are turned out, and no steam boiler works can well be 
run without the aid of the inseperable and indispensable rivet. 

out by the millions, is an industry which was established in 1S74, 
and is located on Monroe street, covering the large plot of 
ground extending from No. 13S to 146. The business offices of 
the company are at No. J46. Mr. W. F. Harris is president, and 
W. W. Trimpi secretary and treasurer, the company being 
incorporated. Probably no manufacturing establishment in the 
city has a plant selected with greater care, and their machines, 
tools, lathes, furnaces, etc., many of the former being automatic. 

I !.- J i ■ i 111 


Many an establishment which carries a high head, would be 
brought low were the supporters of the rivet withdrawn To 
little purpose would boiler-makers turn Ihe great sheets of rolled 
metal into cylinder shapes, or drill the holes, small and great, 
along the borders, without the ready rivet to hold the first in 
shape, and fill the latter in carrying out their purpose to build a 

Few industries, indeed, carried on in Newark come into 
greater prominence or demonstrates more clearly the great fact 
of the dependence u])on one another, or upon each other to a 
greater or less degree, than this of rivet making. 

From the institution, photographic views of which are seen on 
this page, rivets of every style, make and description, are turned 

being of the very best for the purposes for which they are 
designed and used. 

Besides the millions of rivets made of iron, copper and brass, 
and the celebrated Norway iron rivets, black, coppered and 
tinned, which this company are daily turning out, they also 
manufacture large lines of sheet metal goods, escutcheon pins, 
jjipe umbrella ferules, baby carriage hubs, bolts, etc. Their goods 
as well as finding a ready sale at home, where much of their 
output is consumed, find anxious buyers and satisfied consumers 
in all the large cities of this country. 

A large number of mechanics and laborers are given constant 
employment in the conduct of this useful branch of the manifold 
industries carried on In Newark. 




AMONG the thousands of industrial establishments in the city 
of Newark, the one that is peerless stands on the plot, or 
rather covers, the broad acres lying on Chapel street and Passaic 
avenue, the Morris Canal and the Passaic River, and is known as 
the New Jersey Zinc and Iron Company. On the territory bounded 
as above, this company (recognized as the oldest in the city), has 
erected a plant of exceedingly great value, consisting of more 
than a score of great brick structures with 
their mighty draft chimne)-s reaching heaven- 
ward. Smoke stacks huge and tall, gives 
to the beholder as he looks at its pillars of 
smoke ever curling upward from furnaces 
whose fires burn night and day and seldom go 
out, and when night shuts down the glow of the 
burning gas at the chimney tops sending a 
lurid glare over and around the city, an 
appearance of weirdness that is truly startling. 
Gray with age many of the buildings are, and 
the walls are covered with soot and dust. As a 
visitor enters the great gates, thrown wide open 
for his reception, the rattle and bang of busi- 
ness turmoil smites his ear and the smell of the 
burning that seldom knows quenching, salutes 
his olfactorys. On all sides are seen huge piles 
of virgin ore from the mines, and heaps of coal 
towering like young mountains each awaiting 
its turn, later to be consumed in the furnaces 
furnishing the heat for melting and smelting, 
the other to be cast into the cupolas or smelting 
pot. An army of woi'kmen stripped to the buff, 
flit like spectres to and fro before him, bent to 
the work at wheeling the laden barrow, or bear- 
ing the heavy burden, their muscles standing 
out like huge knots on arms, breast and shoulder, 
the dust mingling with sweat, bursting from 
every wide open pore, giving their faces, 
bronzed with health and e.xposure a semi-sav- 
age look, which belies the good-natured and 
happy hearts palpitating in many bosoms or 
streaking their faces with the grime made 
ghastly b)^ the strange outer covering. 

Night and day these works are run by two 
gangs of managers, overseers and laborers. 
When the bell taps or whistles blow one set or 
gang departs for rest, sleep and refreshment, 
while another takes their place, and thus it is 
that the fires are kept burning, the melting and 
smelting never ceasing e.xcept on Sabbath day. 
The ore for reduction is brought by canal, river 
and rail from their own mines in Sussex county, 
and is converted into oxide of zinc and spelter, 
articles of great utility and necessity in the 
world's operations, and is everywhere in demand 
and finds a ready sale in the markets. The 
companj' turns out a high grade iron called 
spregelersen, a greatly prized article of com- 
merce, which is possessed of such excellent 
qualities and is such a high grade of purity as 
to be in great demand for its marvelous utility. 
That the reader may gain a better understand- 
ing of the extent of territory occupied for the 
housing of the plant of the company and exten- 
sive character of the works, the artist has here 
presented views which give a representation 
which is indeed a speaking likeness and worthy 
of a careful study, but while it detracts nothing 
from the wonderful skill displayed by the artist 

IRON in their transference to these pages, to say that the works of the 

New Jerse}- Zinz and Iron Company must be seen on the spot, 
like the Falls of Niagara, to be appreciated, the plant of the com- 
pany growing in greatness while you gaze, while the falls grow 
in grandeur as you linger and contemplate. More than 400 
skilled workmen and laborers are given constant employment, 
while there is an output annually of several millions of value of 
zinc and iron productions. Mr. William Hardenbergh superin- 
tends all the operations of the company, and is indeed the right 
man in the right place. 










MALill.\hK> i'i.ANT Dl- >. VKL.-. Cl KKIKK iV- Sl).\.-5, KAll.KoAH I'l.ACK, COMMERCIv AXI) MAkKlil .sIKEETS. 


THE illustrations herewith given 
the oldest, and perhaps most 
successfully conducted ff>r upwards 
by Messrs. Cyrus Currier & Sons, 
founders. The business was establi 
ent site by the honored father of the 
tors, in March, i"^42. Its founder. 

represent one of 
useful, industry 
t)f half a century 

machinists and 
slied at the [ires- 
])resent proprie- 

whose photo is 

}{iven below, came of New England Revolutionary stock, on lioth the maternal 
and paternal sides. His grandfather, Nathaniel Currier, held a commission 
as major under King George the III, and upon the commencement of revolu- 
tionary- troubles cast his influence with the patriots, and in 1773 was elected by 
his fellow townsmen of Salisburg. Mass., to represent them in the Congress 
at Watertown. He enlisted in the Continental army and was made a captain. 
Miirris Currier, the father of the subject of this sketch, was identified with a 
number of useful industries, such as nail, chain and anchor forges, and saw- 
mills, and was a pioneer in the manufacture of woolen goods. Before engag- 
ing in business for himself, Mr. Cyrus Currier was associated with the now 
illustrious Seth Boyden, and performed a large share of the mechanical work 
on the locomotives Orange and Essex for the Morris and Essex Railroad. 
These engines revolutionized the construction of locomotives. He also had 
charge of the first steam fire engine stationed in New York. This engine not 
onl3' had steam pumps, but was propelled by steam. In 1849 he took the 
Overland Route to California, and among many other other incidents of the 
trip, he traded a mule team with Brigham Young on the Rocky Mountains, 
and he built the first sawmill that was put up in the California Red Woods. 
United States Senator Leland Stanford's stock farm is now watered by the 
brook which supplied water for the boiler. What was at that time a wilder- 
ness of immense red wood trees is now occupied by fruit farms. 

During the more than fifty years since the business was established, there 
have been several partners, and for many years previous to the admission of 
his sons as partners, he conducted the business alone. The policy of the 
concern has ever been to conduct a general business in the line of 
machinery and castings, and at the same time to manufacture several special- 
ties, which constituted a backbone to rely on. At one time this shop produced 
nearly all the machinery used in the manufacture of hats, and they made 
jewelers' machinery a specialty for several years, Paper-making machinery 
has always been a specialty of the firm, and in this line they own and control 
several valuable patents. They have given particular attention to some 
branches of the leather business, and have made radical changes in the 
machinery for the manufacture of enamel cloths. A great amount of experi- 
mental work has been done in their factorj^, and many inventions have been 
made useful by them which otherwise would have been of no value. 






BUILDER of bank iKitf engravers' machinery, engraving 
machines for calico and satinet printers, patent foot presses for 
jewelers or sheet metal workers, high speed simple, compound and 
triple expansion engines for steam yachts and launches, etc. 

This business was estabHshed in 1S72, for the manufacture of 
jewelers' tools and special machinery for the manufacture of novel- 
ties, etc. In the year 1877, the line of machinery for bank note and 
other engravers was introduced, and is still continued as one of the 
principal manufactures. The building of fine compound and triple 
expansion engines for marine purposes is another addition to the 
regular line of machinerj- built by this house. 

In this connection the reader will be interested in glancing at the 
beautiful photo illustrations, which have been so successfully trans- 
ferred to these images, in which the artist, with the true magic of his 
art has given such an excellent idea of the extent, and somewhat of 
the intricacy of the machinery and tools necessary to be employed in 
turning out the various lines of machinery built at this establishment. 

These works are located at Nos. 227, 229 and 231 Mtilberry street. 






extensive works of Gould 
Eberhardt on New Jersey 
R. R. avenue are the outgrowth of 
an industry founded more than 
half a century- ago by Mr. Gould, 
the senior member of the present 
firm. The founder of this most 
important industry and one of 
Newark's most honored and highly 
respected citizens is a native of 
Paterson, N. J., and a skilled 
mechanic of more than ordinary 
ability, who started in Newark 
with one of the first steam engines, 
brought into the city, on the Ran- 
kin property near the old pond, at 
High and Market streets, and 
although he has passed the allotted 
term of four score years, he is 
still in good health and enjoys the 
result of well-earned prosperity. 

Established m 1833, in a room 
16 X 16 feet in dimensions, what 
was then known as the Heden- 
berg works, from this small begin- 
ning has grown the present exten- 
sive business, with a trade 
extending to all parts of the civilized world. 

The active management of the entire concern for the past 
twenty years or more has devolved upon his partner, Mr. Ulrich 
Eberhardt, a native of .Switzerland, who served his apprentice- 
ship with Mr. Gould, and has been identified with the works as 
apprentice, foreman and partner for about thirty-five years, and 
who is now owner of the works. 

The premises occu]5ied have a frontage on New Jersey Railroad 
avenue, extending from No. 1)5 to in, inclusive, upon which is 
■erected a commodious four story building 35 x 150 in dimensions, 


with an annex 51 x 35 feet, a foundry building 50 x 60 feet, and a 
pattern storage 40 x 50 feet, having a frontage on New Jersey 
Railroad avenue, Green street and Bruen street. 

The leading products of this extensive establishment comprise 
fine grades of first-class, entirely automatic machinists' tools, 
special machinery and general machine work of the most 
a Ivanced ideas of construction, lathes, planers, slottcrs, Eber- 
hardt's patent gear cutters (which have created a new field with 
manufacturers all over the world) the latter machine being used 
universally for cutting the electric car motor gears. Milling 

machines, power, drop and 
lever presses, steel plate print- 
ing presses, which do the work 
more perfectly than hand work, 
some twenty-five of these 
being in use by the United 
States Government at the 
Kureau of Engraving and Print- 
ing Washington, D. C, also 
by the Canada Bank Note Co., 
and other governments. Also 
build bank note engravers trans- 
fer presses and calico j^rinters' 
engravers' lathes. 

Oscar Barnett. 

THE i 

illustration herewith 



Barnett's malleable and grey 
iron works, located on Hamil- 
ton, McWhorter and Bruen 
streets. The business was 
established in 1845, by Stephen 
D. Barnett, father of the pres- 
ent proprietor. The principal 
market for the goods manufact- 
ured extends over the United 
States and Canada, while some 
are exported to England and 
South America. 






GO WHERE he will, the reader meets with saws made in 
Newark and bearing the well-known and popular stamp of 
the Richardsons. 

These great saw works began their career under the guidance 
of the men whose honored name they bear, by filing and repair- 
ing the saws of other manufacturers, not being able at that early 
day to control capital enough to manufacture, themselves. It was 
not long before their tact, diligence and experience began to tell, 
and the extent and scope of their works began extending under 
the influence of capital, which had accepted this field for invest- 
ment. The mechanical skill, honesty and integrity of the Rich- 
ardsons turned out such a high grade of saws that the product 
needs but bear their trademark to find a ready sale. 

The capital now used by the company, which was incorporated 
in iSgo, aggregates the enormous sum of $400,000, held by thirt}-- 
three stockholders, employing 200 skilled workmen, who ttirn out 
yearly thousands of the finest saws ever made. Hon. George A. 
Halsej- is president; S. S. Battin, vice-president; Hamilton Dis- 
ton, treasurer, and F. B. Earle, secretary. The tone and solidity 
of the great concern is readily seen in the honored names of its 
officers. The beautiful photograph here seen gives a striking 
view of the great buildings in which the company's saw-making 
plant is concentrated and housed; but how little can be realized 
of the extent of the 
mighty industry car- 
ried on within, in man- 
ufacturing from the 
finest plates of the 
very best steel saws of 
a great variety of 
forms, shapes and 
sizes, to be used for 
all manner of work 
where this ' ' tool of 
genius " the separa- 
ting saw, is required 
by the ten.s of thous- 
ands of operatives all 
over the country. To 
get a full understand- 
of the grandeur of 
this saw making inst- 
tution one must make 
a visit of inspection 
through it. 

AS EARLY in the century as 1S25, Robert Heinisch began 
the industry of making scissors in the city of Newark. A 
thorough knowledge of his business, and a settled determination 
that no policy of his should control Robert Heinisch but the one 
founded on the old adage that " honesty is the best policy," this 
course soon found the road to success and competency by the 
way of honest goods of high grade. The fine temper of the goods 
turned out by Mr. Heinisch soon gave them a reputation which 
created a demand that needed a more extensive plant for manu- 
facturing so as to meet it. Orders from all over the country, 
where the Heinisch shears for tailors, seamstresses and clerks 
were used, came pouriug in. In iSg2 the sons became the success- 
ors, and a little later they 
were organi2ed into a 
company under the New- 
Jersey State Laws, with 
R. Heinisch, president; 
R. E. Heinisch, secre- 
tary, and D. W. -Van- 
Tine, Treasurer. A 
beautiful photo illustra- 
tion of their works ap- 
pears on this page. 





THK al>ove cut represents the founders of the firm of Ohl & 
Ilaefner. who, engaged in the manufacture of machinery 
at Xos. 9 and 15 Ailing street, Newark. N. J., by conducting their 
business on strictly honest and business principles, have built 
Tip a trade second to none in their line in this town. This 
firm attributes its success mainlv to the fact that thev refrained 

from making a specialty of any one or other kind of machinery. 
Although they hold several valuable patents of their own, they 
are at all times ready to manufacture or improve the inventions of 
others. Besides this they do a large jobbing business, always 
having lirst-class help to do their work, which varies from the 
most delicate dies and tools, to presses, engines and a large 
variety of ordinary and special machinery of ihe heaviest and 
most approved type. 


F. J. SCHMITT & Co. 

TIMS tirni, although estab- 
lished only about two 
years ago, is at present con- 
ducted by Frank J. Schmitt 
and Gus. A. Kruttschnitt, and 
in this short time they have 
enjoyed a large and growing 
patronage from all the leading 
jewelrj- houses in Newark and 
vicinity. They haveadded new 
lines of manufacture to the 
large variety of jewelers' and 
silversmiths' machinery, which 
they now make. They are the 
sole manufacturers of the 
Vaughn Patent Power Hammer 
used largely for forging pur- 
poses. One of the latest 
branches they have added to 
this line is the manufacture of 
pearl button machinery in every 
variety. Their business is in- 
creasing very rapidly, and in 
the fall of 1891 they were forced 
to add a new addition to their 
factorj- in order to be able to 
fill orders more promptly, and 
the indications are they will 
soon have to add more room. 




T I M t3 E: N Ci I N 

lliBJi l[|lt£!{!|!£ 




JOSEPH S, ML'NDY, mechanical engineer and manufact- 
urer of hoisting engines, Prospect street, Newark, N. J., 
was born in Rahway, in April, 1S4.7. His father, Henry E., 
was born 1816 and died 1S78, and married Frances Crowell, by 
whom he had eight children, seven boys and one girl. His 
great grandfather was a soldier in the Federal army during 
the revolutionary war, and was engaged in the famous charge 


from the Cedar Grove swamp between Perth Amboy and Rahway 
against the Tories. His grandfather, Henry, was a carriage manu- 
facturer, and was one of the first promoters of the New Jersey Rail- 
road and Transportation Co. , now part of the grand trunk line of the 
Pennsylvania railroad. Joseph S. Mundy received his education in 
a district country school during the winter months, working on his 
father's farm during the balance of the year, untill 1866, when his 
father removed to Newark, where Joseph S., went to work to learn 
the stone cutter's trade. His mind leaned toward mechanics and not 
being contented with the trade he started to learn, he shortly after 
apprenticed himself, in August 1S66, with Dutton & Wilson, machin- 
ists, at 83.00 per week ; where showing so much interest for his 
employers, that before the year had elapsed he was advanced to 
S7.50 per week. In the spring of 1S6S this firm dissolved, and he 
engaged with the Hick's Engine Co., as journeyman. In the winter 
of 1869, he left the Hick's Engine Co., and enga.eed with Messrs. 
Horton & Kent, successors to Messrs. Dutton & Wilson his former 
employers. Shortly after this, Horton bought out Kent's interest in 
the business, when Joseph S., went into partnership with Horton, 
on borrowed capital, the firm being Horton & Mundy, and in the Fall 
of 1S70, he bought out the entire business, his father furni.shing the 
money. During this time he studied hard, also doing the work of 
three men, working from seven in the morning until ten at night, in 
order to make a success of his business. In 1871 he began to make 
sketches and plans of a friction drum hoisting engine. Not having 
any money to complete his invention with, until 1873, when he made 
his first complete machine, altering and changing the entire mechan- 
ism three times, after which it proved to be the most complete and 
best known device for pile driving and hoisting every produced, and 
was therefore patented by him in 1875. Thousands of his engines 
have been supplied to bridge builders, railroad contractors, railroad 
companies, dock builders, quarries and mining companies. 

His works now cover nearly two acres of groimd, with all the 
latest improved class of machinery, with an area of 150,240 square 
feet of working room. 

Joseph S. married Mary E. Hallenbeck, daughter of William H. 
Hallenbeck, of Hudson, N. Y., in 1873, by whom he has had one son 
born to him. He is a Knight Templar, Mason, also a member of the 
Imperial Ancient Arabic Order of the Mystic Shrine , Mecca Temple, 
New York. In the winter of 1S68 he joined the Second Reformed 
Church, of Newark, and has always been an ardent church worker. 



THE illustrations on this page represent the works of Edrnvind 
Jost, machinist, brass founder and finisher, located at Xos. 350 
and 352 Plane street, between William and Market streets. The 
business was established in 1S70, bv the present projirietor, who is a 
practical mechanic, with considerable experience in the art of con- 
structing philosophical, mathematical and optical instruments. The 
works are equipped with every improvement for the manufacturing 
of special machinery and brass work required in the construction of 
experimental and patented novelties, for steam, water, gas, oil, 
chemical, electrical, and every description of interchangeable pro- 
ducts. Electricity is the motive power employed in running the 
wonderful lathes, drilling, shaping, planing and turning machines 
screw cutting and milling tools, etc. Employment is found for up- 
wards of fifty skilled mechanics, who are constantly engaged in sup- 
plying the steadily increasing demands of the trade. The brass 
foundry, located in tlie rear of the main factory, is capable of pro- 
ducing all kinds of brass and composition castings, and is a model in 
itself. The products are principally noted for superior workman- 
ship and adaptation to the purposes for which they are designed, 
and are largely consumed by the trade throughout the principal 
cities of the United States 

Mr. Edmund Jost is well known, and has the confidence of the 
various trade representatives, and is esteemed as an enterprising 
and successful manufacturer and an upright citizen, whose business 
has been made successful by the close personal attention given 
to the intricate work intrusted to his care. 







'HE inventor is to the mechanic 
art what the poet is to litera- 
ture ; each in his way presents the 
subhmity of thought. 

The illustrations given on this and 
the opposite page truthfully repre- 
sent an industry which has in a large 
degree contributed to make the city 
of Newark celebrated all over the 
world. In reviewing the numerous 
interests of the city, the inventor 
proves an important feature, for it is 
to his skill and brains that the genius 
of a country is most clearly exhibited, 
especially from a practical point of 


In this connection, the house of H. 

T. Clawson and C. C. Clawson, in- 
ventors and manufacturers of auto- 
matic package filling machines and 
slot machines, is worthy of mention. 
The works are located at No. 21 
Hackett street, adjoining the famous 
Hedenberg Works. Mr. C. C. Claw- 
son's famous package filling machine 
is one of the great labor-saving ma- 
chines of the age. With them he can 
accurately weigh and put in packages 
any material, such as rice, coffee, 

starch, shot and the like, forty packages per minute, which are 
carried off upon an endless belt. He makes twenty-four different 
kinds, adapted to various articles. 

He is also the inventor of the musical weighing machine, a 
machine which weighs a person accurately, prints the exact 
weight upon a card with the date, deposits the printed card upon 
a small table to receive the same, and at the same time plays a 
beautiful tune; the scale and all the apparatus connected with it 
are set in motion by dropping a " nickel " in the slot. It is a 
very ingenious piece of workmanship. From this invention and his automatic fortune-telling machine, which is also opera- 



ted by dropping a "nickel" in the slot, have sprung the swarm, 
of small imitators. The soothsayers of the past would turn green 
with envy if the}' could know that a fortune could be told by 
dropping a " nickel " in the slot. 

H. T. Clawson and C. C. Clawson, father and son, in them are 
united business shrewdness and inventive genius. Their names 
have reached every city in the United States and are becoming 
familiar in foreign countries. Mr. C. C. Clawson is president of 
the Clawson Slot Machine Company, a corporation which has be- 
come successful in handling slot machines invented by its 














krederiok: kinxer. 

IN THE unpretentious frame structure at the corner of Thomas 
and Goble streets, with main entrance at 176 Thomas street, 
is conducted an industry which has given to the now aged 
Frederick Finter both fame and competence. Although the 
genial proprietor, whose excellent photo likeness is seen alongside 
the home of his industry, is silvered with age, he wears his years 
as though the burthen was light, and continues to give his per- 
sonal attention to his business of manufacturing Britannia vrare 
just as he did thirty-five years ago. 


He early learned what has taken many good men a life time to 
learn and that was, that the man who devotes his talents and 
gives his entire attention to one pursuit, meets a surer success 
and better return. His chosen industry was that of manufactur- 
ing Britannia ware of the higher grades in a great variety of styles 
and patterns for a multitude of purposes, and fine glass trim- 
mings, and has made one branch of it a specialty, viz : druggists, 
chemists and glass manufacturers' ware of every style, pattern 
and make in use anywhere. 


THE immense quantities of acids, chemicals, dye stuff's, 
machinery oil and manufacturers supplies, which the firm of 
Trippe & Utter handle at their stores at the corner of West 
Kinney and Beecher streets, would be indeed surprising if it was 
not that the close association of such surprising mercantile 
interests did not appear to overcome their greatness with a close 






ALEX.\X1)HK rKAi;n. 

THE industry conducted with so much success by Mr. A. 
Traud at the junction of Ferry, Main and St. Francis streets, 
justly takes rank anion;.; the most prosperous in the city of 
Newark. A glance at the buildings in which his multiple 
jndustr)- of machinery building, iron founding, pattern making, 
drawing, etc., will satisfy the most exacting, that the proprietor 
is not only a great mechanic, but a successful business man as 
well. Not content with all these various lines represented at his 
factorys, he has just completed extensive arrangements for carry- 



ing on the business of bag frame manufacturing on Main street 
adjoining his foundry and machine shops. While engaged in 
turning out finished machinery of almost every description and 
tilling orders for castings, models and preparing drawings, his ever 
fertile mind is working out some new idea and forging plans by 
which to not alone puts ducats in Alexander 'fraud's purse, but 
help his brother manufacturers in the conduct of their business 
by the transference of surplusage of his skill and genius to their 
work shops. Like hundreds of other men of push and enterprise, 
Alexander Traud early discovered the fact that NeAvark had 
more and better facilities for the successful conduct of indus- 
trial pursuits than any other city in the land. 
Among its advantages for the conduct of his 
business was easy of access, close to the 
best markets of the world, to buy and sell in, to 
jirocure the raw material and market the finished 
])roduct, with railroads, river and canal, to give 
cheap freightage and rapid and safe cartage, the 
best of mountain spring water, capital at hand to 
borrow from liberal men and banks for deposit 
and credit and plenty of mechanics, artists and 
skilled laborers ready at call. So painstaking 
and careful have the manufacturers of the class to 
which Alexander Traud belongs, been, in estab- 
lishing and maintaining an excellent name and 
keeping untarnished the well-earned fame of 
Newark-made goods that wherever the output 
from its factories go, they meet a ready demand 
and sell quickly. Aggregation has been the watch 
word, and thus it is that the industries go hand 
in hand and the will being of one class, means 
the success of all. 

The business was established in 1S76 and at 
once took a high stand among the sister indus- 
tries, with an extensive plant, excellent machin- 
ery and a large corps of mechanics and artists, 
success has crowned his eff(_)rts, and now with the 
addition of the new bag frame industry a wider 
field is opened up and the promise made of a 
more abandant prosperity. 




THIS business was started in iSSi by Messrs. George E. Hart 
and D. S. Plumb, under the firm name of Hart & Plumb, 
the intention of the projectors being the manufacture of the finer 
grades of clocks in competition with goods of the best foreign 

The first articles produced by the firm were small carriage, or 
hand traveling-clocks with movements enclosed in glass cases 
having solid metal corners, tops and bases in gold finish, and with 
the regular outside leather case. These clocks were pronounced 
equal to the foreign made, and met the demands of dealers in this 
line, but it was soon found that outside of New York, and one or 
two of the larger cities of the country, the demand of the finer 
grades of clocks, in any style, was much less than the manufac- 
turers had been led to believe, and this, together with the fact 
that foreign manufacturers made considerable reductions in 
prices as soon as thej- learned of a successful attempt having been 
made in this country to 
produce the goods, led 
the firm to make this 
work secondary to orders 
for clock work specialties, 
which from time to time 
had been offered to them 
by various American 

Mr. Hart retired from 
the business late in 1882, 
accepting the position of 
mechanical superintend- 
ent of the Waterbury 
Watch Company, and Mr. 
Plumb continued the 
business alone. Since 
M r. Hart's retirement 
Mr. Plumb has had con- 
nected with him at differ- 
ent times, Mr. George E. 
Marcus, now of the New 
York jewelry house of 
Jacques & Marcus, and 
Mr. George B. Webb, the 
well known mechanical 
expert, now with Messrs. 
W y c k o ff , Seamans & 
Benedict, manufacturers 
of the Remington Stand- 
ard Type-writer. 

To define more partic- 
ularly the specialty met by this business, mention may be made 
of the manufacture of steam gauge movements and counters for 
water, gas and electric meters. These mechanisms require for 
their manufacture special machinery, and as they are often 
delicate in construction, demand for best results, special training 
of workmen. Unless wanted in very large quantities the makers 
of the machines or instruments in which these parts — or more 
properly special instruments in themselves — are to be used, do 
not find it advisable to undertake their manufacture, and are glad 
to place their orders elsewhere at satisfactory prices, with the 
assurance of good results. Many thousands of movements, parts 
of movements, &c., are made annually to meet this demand, 
which is a continually increasing one, and it is the policy of the 
business to make anything in this direction for other manufactur- 
ers, from a few wheels, pinions or racks, to orders for thousands 
of the same, or for the completed movements in large or small 
quantities, finished and ready for adjustment to the particular 
mechanism they are to be connected to. 

In the line of intricate mechanical instruments, which goods are 
delivered in their finished condition by Mr. Plumb, prominent 

mention may be made of cyclometers, used for recording the 
distances traveled by bicycles. Owing to the growing popularity 
of the wheel the demand for these instruments has increased from 
year to year, until at times, the facilities of the business in this 
direction have been severely taxed to meet the orders. These 
instruments early in their manufacture, were found to be more 
exacting in their requirement than was expected, inasmuch as the 
vibration of the bicycle, shocks and jars from stones, rough 
roads, &c., had a tendency to throw out of adjustment the delicate 
parts of the instrument. For this reason but few of the various 
designs patented have been found serviceable, and of the four 
standard patterns now on the market, Mr. Plumb is the manufac- 
turer of three, the goods being made to the orders of the com- 
panies owning or controlling the patents. In addition to the 
manufacture of the articles named above, may be mentioned 
adding machines, odometers, registering mechanism, special 
devices for optical instruments, devices for the measurement of 
lenses, and general fine metal work. 




E lower section of 
the city east of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, 
is steadily advancing as 
a manufacturing centre. 
Here are situated many 
of the largest plants in 
the city, prominent 
among them being the 
large iron foundry of 
Messrs. Maher & Flock- 
hart, (formerly JIaher, 
Robinson & Flockhart,) 
at the corner of Polk and 
Clover streets. 

Like many of the large 
industrial establishments 
for which Newark i s 
noted, this firm had a 
very humble beginning. 
In May, 18S2, they rented 
a small building on Polk 
street, and with the 
assistance of o n e e m- 
ployee, commenced the 
manufacture of grey iron 
castings. Being practical 
men and thoroughly con- 
versant with the foundry business, they soon established a repu- 
tation for making heavy and light machinery castings of a 
superior quality. The result was that their business increased to 
such an extent that each year saw an addition to their plant, until 
every available foot of ground was occupied. 

In 1SS9 they purchased a large plot of land bounded by Polk and 
Clover streets, and the New Jersey Central Railroad, upon which 
they erected a brick building 80.X200, with additional buildings for 
boiler and engine rooms and pattern shop, which forms the illus- 
trations herewith given. In i8gi they again found it necessarj- to 
increase their capacit\'. and erected a building 65x85 for the man- 
ufacture of light castings exclusively. They now employ over 
100 men, the majority of whom are skilled mechanics. Being 
progressive business men as well as thorough mechanics, they 
have their foundry equipped with all the latest improved cupolas, 
power cranes, and every appliance to facilitate the manufacture 
and handling of castings. 

Mr. Maher has served si.x years as a member of the Board of 
Education, and is at present a member of the Board of Police 
Commissioners of the citj" of Newark. 







IN 1832, John Toler, a lad of seventeen years, came here from 
Ireland. He had no acquaintances in this country and little 
money, but a good deal of pluck and perseverance. He at once 
apprenticed himself to learn the brass finishing business. After 
perfecting himself in that line he started the business of pattern 
making in New York city. After working at that business for 
some time he became conscious that there was an opening for 
something that promised better. Having been engaged by some 
of the better class of cabinet makers, such as Pottier & Stimars, 
of New York, and the old and respectable house of John Jelliff 
& Co., of this city, and others, who found much difficulty in 
getting casters to suit them, (nearly all the cabinet hardware 
being at that time imported from England and France), conse- 
quently in the year 1S44 he established himself exclusively in the 
caster business, his machinery consisting of a single lathe, made 
with his own hands and a vice, and had continued with varying 
success to 1861, when he with others, were called by the 
Government for aid in her struggle for life. The Montgomery 
Guards, of which he was the captain, volunteered to a man to go 
to the field. In three months he became major of the regiment. 
A year and a half afterwards he was honorably discharged an 
invalid. After many months of nursing he regained health 
enough to return to his workshop, business being then, as all 
know, in a very bad condition, and while absent in the field 
others with plenty of capital had started in the business. But 
not disheartened, and buoyed up by the encouragement given by 
his old customers, he started in with renewed vigor and determi- 
nation to get at the head of his industry, as the old saying is, to 
" make a spoon or spoil a horn," and his factory to-day on Adams 
street, shows what well-directed efforts, perseverance and energy 

can accomplish. He at once took in as partner Mr. Joseph 111, 
who had been his foreman for years. He then built a factory on 
Adams street, and next added an iron foundry, to enable him to 
make his own castings. He next extended his iron foundry, 
making it 200x53 feet, and continuing to extend until last year, 
when the only available lot to be obtained was covered by a first- 
class building 100x65 feet, thus covering from Nos. 108 to 122 
Adams street, and Nos. 125 to 127 Jackson street. The machinery 
is moved by a loo-horse power boiler, built by Lyon &■ McCabe, 
and a 6S-horse power engine built bj- Cyrus Currier & Sons, both 
of this city. 

When the facts recorded in this article are read and digested, 
it would be hard to believe that the readers would not, one and 
all, call down benisons of blessings on the heads of the gallant 
Major Toler and his able associates who carry on this industry of 
caster making in all its peculiar ways. No lady in the land who 
touches with dainty fingers the shining mahogany bureau, glossy 
rosewood piano, or tete-a-tete, or handy stand, to change their 
place in boudoir, parlor or sitting room, or moves it easily or 
noiselessly over the carpet of softest wool, on casters of wood, 
copper, brass, bronze, metal, or either enriched with a plating of 
nickel, silver or gold but have reason to thank the genius who 
makes the task so light. Far greater cause has the good house- 
wife for rejoicing over the good work accomplished by Major 
Toler and his son, and their helpmeets indeed the venerable 
Joseph 111, who came into the Major's employ in 1S53, aud became 
his partner in 1S64, and his son Henry, who began unraveling 
the intricacies of the caster business as an apprentice in 1S76. 
So thoroughly had the son mastered the trade, and such rare 
business precocity had he developed, that in iSSg, in recognition 




of the same, his father transferred his entire interest in the 
concern to him, the son becoming the partner in place of his 
father, and assuming the general management of the great and 
growing mdustry, and has continued to fill the place with honor 
to himself and credit to the concern ever since. 

To return from this pleasant digression, far greater still, the 
toiling thousands of servant girls who would be compelled in 
these days of bureaus large and bedsteads strong, to perform 
herculean feats of strength were it not that such wonderful 
success attends upon this branch of Newark's industrial pursuits. 
Not one half the strength, energy or patience is required to be 
expended by either class, the high, low, rich or poor, since the 
artistic contrivances in the labor-sa\-ing casters, which are 
manufactured by the millions by this company, and find their 
way under the bedsteads, bureaus, dressing cases, tables, pianos, 
stands and chairs, causing them to actually spin around the 
rooms of comfortable cottages or great palaces, and with so great 
in ease that it might almost truthfully be said that they were 
under the control of their beck and will. 

When the head of the concern came back from war more than 
a quarter of a century ago, in casting about for .i >;nit,ilile calling 

In iSSg the company was organized and incorporated under the 
laws of New Jersey, assuming the title of John Toler, Sons & 
Company, with John Toler president, and Henry III secretarj^ and 
treasurer. Their manufacturing establishment is located from 
106 to 122 Adams street, and from 123 to 125 Jackson street, 
between Ferry and Lafayette streets, in this city. They carry 
on the industry of manufacturing casters and rollers, and so 
thoroughly well known are they, and so honorable have been all 
their transactions in the past, their goods find a ready sale all 
over the United States and the British Dominion at the North, 
while at the same time large quantities are shipped abroad to 
meet a rapidly increasing demand for Newark manufactured 
goods away over the great sea. 

The constantly increasing demand for the goods manufactured 
in this Toler establishment has made it necessary to add to its 
capacity from time to time, until the present, where they give 
steady employment to a large corps of working men, women 
and boys, many of the former, from absolutely necessary reasons, 
being skilled mechanics and e.xperienced workmen. Of course 
the amount of capital employed growing larger as the business 
developed, until at this time it has assumed such proportions as 


JOHN mi.KR. 

upon which to build an industry which would last with life, he 
found that nothing promised better and so he fixed upon his old 
caster or roller making, into which he at once put his whole 
energies, and has continued the business ever since with his sons 
and company. The industry being of that character requiring 
immense buildings in which to house the plant and machinery'. 

The photo views of the works of this great and growing 
industry on preceding page, though they do not show their full 
extent and proportions as do some of those industries which look 
much more pretentious but fall far behind in the value of their 
output. The Major, though his recollections are bright, would 
hardly recognize some of his output of 1844, when he first began 
manufacturing casters for tables and chairs, such marvelous 
changes have been wrought, not alone in the increased richness 
and value of casters made, but also in their beauty and utility, 
much of this having been brought about by the ingenuity of 
himself, and several patents having been awarded to him by 
Uncle Sam, who is never, or seldom, if ever, slow to recognize 
talent in any of his children, and extend a just recognition of 
their successful inventions, ever standing ready to throw around 
them the aegis of his love and the protecting arms of his power. 

iiKXKv 11,1.. 

would have been truly startling a few years earlier. 

Such of the readers of Newark Ii.i.istr.m kd, who are otherwise 
interested than in the marvellous growth of this great metropol- 
itan industrial city, and desire to study the exact causes which 
have led to such a development, and have revealed unto them 
the correllation of forces which compelled the aggregation here, 
will refer to the illustrated price list of furniture casters, which 
the company issued in 1893. In this neatly arranged catalogue 
thousands of which are found on merchants' desks, in counting 
rooms and manufacturing establishments all over the world. 
have said in the plainest possible words, " We manufacture the 
best class of goods that it is possible to make for the least possible 
money, and our industry is conducted on the highest principles of 
honor. We have had nearly a half century of experience, and 
have not failed to profit by it." With the amplest facilities 
themselves, and with all the assistance which in obedience to the 
laws governing manufacturing interests arise from congregation, 
it requires only a watchful care to have their beautiful industry 
continue to lead the world, and have the neighboring industries 
which live and thrive at their doors, echo the response. So say 
we all. 




THE most useful tool 
in the world is 
acknowledged to be the 
file, and the purposes to 
which it is adaptable 
embrace, not only the 
requi r e m e n t s of the 
skilled mechanic, but the 
wants of almost every 
individual inhabitant. 
In early days crude files 
were constructed from 
the dried skin of a pecu- 
liar fish ; ne.xt they were 
made from copper and 
used in working the soft 
metals, iron was next 
substituted, and this was 
finally replaced by steel, 
which metal is unsur- 
passed for the purpose. 

At the present time fully ninety per cent of all the files consumed 
are not only cut, but entirely manufactured by machinery. The 
file of the present day made by machinery surpasses in every 
respect those made by the old and less progresive method. 

One of the most enterprising firms engaged in this industry is 
the firm of Heller & Bros., of Newark, N. J. These gentlemen 
manufacture every description of files and rasps, running in size 
from two to thirty inches, and in grade of cut, from twelve teeth 
to the inch, up to the number so large that the teeth become so 
fine that they are undetected by the naked ej'e, yet will with- 
stand the most severe test. 

The business of the above firm was started in Newark in a 
very small way by Elias Heller, Sr., in 1S36, the trade being 
entirely with the consumers of this city and the surrounding 
towns. The panic of 1S3S, having compelled him to give up his 
business in Newark, he removed to West Orange, but owing to 

li.lA.-, ... iiLi.; Ll^ 


the remoteness of this place as a business centre and his inability 
to increase the business to any extent while dealing with the con- 
sumers e.\clusively, very little, if an}', progress was made until 
1S66, when his three sons, Elias G., Peter J., and Lewis B., took 
hold of the business and located at the corner of Mechanic and 
Ward streets, Newark, and by their energy and push the busi- 
ness commenced to thrive They at once sought to increase the 
business by soliciting trade from jobbers and dealers in the hard- 
ware trade throughout the United States and Canada, thus 
meeting with no end of opposition from both dealer and con- 
sumer as they were greatly prejudiced against American files and 
rasps, claiming that the home goods could not be made as the 
English files and rasps which at this time had the market of this 
country, but by perseverance and hard work, introducing here 
and there, the firm began to prosper as the consumers began to 
realize that the Americans could make as good a file or rasp as 
the Englishmen. In 1S72 Lewis B., withdrew from the firm and 
in 1S74, owing to their limited quarters in the city, they removed 
their plant to the corner of Mt. Prospect and Verona avenues. 
With the new works and improved machinery the quality of the 
goods was still further improved, but owing to the fact that they 
were compelled to buy their steel they did not get as good 
results as they wished for, as first-class steel is one of the essen- 
tials in the manufacture of a good file or rasp, so in 1S80 they 
erected a steel plant for the manufacture of steel for their own 
use and now they get the best results attainable in their line as 
shown by their steadily increasing trade. 

On account of poor health, Peter J. was compelled to retire 
from the firm in 1881, thus leaving Elias G., who, with two other 
brothers, George E. and John J., and a brother-in-law, Ernest A. 
Geoffro)' all of whom had been in the employ of the firm for 
many years, assumed Peter J.'s interest thus constituting the 
present firm. 

In 1SS4, owing to their great success with horse rasps, they 
undertook the manufacture of Farrier's tools and to-day they can 
offer the public the most complete line of rounding, turning, hand 
and driving hammers, pincers, nippers, hoof parers, tongs, 
sledges, etc., to be found in the country. 

A bird's eye view of their immense works is herewith given 
from a sketch drawn on the premises by an eminent artist from 
the Moss Engraving Company of New York. No work would be 
complete, especially if the industries are under consideration 
without a few words being said in regard to what the Heller & 
Bros, have accomplished, and much less so if it were an illus- 
trated one and did not give such a suberb picture of their great 
factory buildings as appear on this page of Newark N. J., Illuj- 
TK.viEi). That the factories of the Heller & Bros., erected by this 



enterprising firm on the large plot of 
ground adjoining the Xew York and 
Greenwood Lake railroad, in the 
northern part of Newark, are of truly 
representative character, needs but 
be seen to verify the declarations. A 
few hours cannot be more profitably 
spent by the visitor, be he in pursuit 
of pleasure or on business bent, than 
in looking over the plant of Heller 
& Brothers, where a large coq>s of 
skilled mechanics are constantly 
employed in the manufacture of the 
great variety of blacksmiths' tools 
for which they are noted all over the 
countr)'. As helpmates to their 
artists, the Hellers have provided 
for their assistance the very best and 
latest improved machinery turned 
out by the world's work shops, in 
order, that in their turn, they may 
manufacture for blacksmiths and 
farriers, tools and instruments which 
are not only made of the very best 
material, but so elegantly finished 
and artistically burnished as to make 
it a real pleasure for the blacksmith's 
strong arms to handle them. 

The Hellers owe very much of 
their high standing as business men 

and the world-wide reputation of their manufactured goods, 
to the fact, that they have used from the beginning of their 
industrial career, only the very best grade of clay crucible cast 
steel in their manufacture. The brothers have given to the 
making of this clay crucible steel their own personal care and 
supervision, thus procuring the much to be desired uniformity of 
quality, as well as the high grade of steel so important in the 
manufacture of their ever reliable files and tools. The constantly 
increasing demand for the tools which the Hellers have made the 
past thirty-five years, is prima facia evidence that g<M)d goods 
are always wanted and that the best is the cheapest. Supple- 
mental to the file industry, which has grown to such immense 
proportions under their guidance, the Hellers manufacture clinch 
tongs, buffers, shoe knives, crea-sers, fore pinchers, pritchels. 
hardies, knives, blacksmith tongs ; cat's head, roonding. hand. 


^II'K N< K < 'K 1.1 I \> «.. Ilh I ll'.K. 

driving and Heller's own pattern of driving hammers ; fanicr's 
pincers, nippers and hoof parers, etc., in the long stretch of 
buildings so faithfully portrayed here from sketches made on 
the spot. 

As the interested visitor, under the chaperoning of one of the 
brothers or a painstaking employer, passes from department to 
department and from room to room and is shown their special- 
ties in the several stages of their progressivencss from the plain 
bar of steel or bit of hard wood, to the perfected instrument of 
tempered steel with polished handle, finished and packed for 
market, and going fcjrth to meet the constantly increasing 
demand of users and consumers on the iron and hardware dealers 
in the cities, towns and villages all over the United States and 
the Canadas, European and Asiatic countries, the great Rus- 
sian Empire, the Empire of Japan, far away Australia and the 
islands of many seas. 

Hard by the factory buildings and on beautiful plots 
of ground, the Hellers have built their domiciles and 
comfortable homes for themselves and families. The 
house of Elias G. Heller occupies the Vilock of ground 
on Elwof>d avenue, between Highland avenue and I'arkcr 
street. The house of John J. Heller is beautifully 
situated on the corner plot of Mt. Prospect and Verona 
avenues. The grounds of both residences are fitted up 
very artistically and are kept in the orderly way befit- 
ting to the dwelling places of gentlemen, who make 
business a pleasure and homes a sacred retreat. Here, 
on the piazza of either, one can stand as Washington 
once did, on these same grounds, and view the land- 
scape o'er, since their location is fixed where the eye can 
take in with one sweep the tall spires of Xew York city. 
Staten Island, the Narrows, Newark bay and the Atlantic 
Ocean. No plot or spot of ground being high enough, ex- 
cept the top of Orange mountains, to open up such a vista 
over which Liberty Enlightening the World presides. 
As well as being thorough business men, the Hellers 
have acted their part as representive citizens. The head 
of the firm has represented his ward as alderman for 
several years and is prominently identified with all its 
local business, financial and improvement associations. 







PROMINENTLY connected with the numerous interests 
which have contributed in placing the city of Newark in 
the honored position it now occupies among the manufacturing 
cities of the American union, stands the ultramarine blue works of 
The Heller & Merz Co. The industry was established with 
two small furnaces on River street, in 1S69. The remarkable and 
steady growth of the business is mainly due to the push and 
energy of the men who for the past quarter of a century have 
devoted the best years of their lives to the study and perfection of 
this article of varied use, an article made on this continent 
only by this firm. It is due to their enterprise that such an 
industry was established here and Newark chosen, of all the 
length and breadth of the New World, as its locale. 

In 1S72, the company looked for more extensive quarters. These 
were found at Hamburg Place, where they purchased ten acres 
of ground on which have been erected sixteen buildings to date. 
In iSSo the firm connected with their rapidly growing business 
the manufacturing of aniline colors, the most important being 

fuchsine, eosine, blue, rose, 
bengal brown, oi-ange, yel- 
low, etc. The illustrations 
convey to the reader a 
birdseye view of the 
immense plant. The 
ultramarine build- 
ing is 225x200 feet, 
from which is ship- 
ped to the various 
cities of the union 
an output of thirty 
thousand hundred 
weight annually. 
The " ball blue " 
building is 100 x 75 
with a capacit}', ac- 
cording to quality 
made, of from five to 
ten thousand pounds 
daily. The works are 
equipped with every im- 
provement. Three power- 


ful engines with 375 horse power combined, and 44 boilers of 
100 horse power each, drive the immense machinery required 
to work 168 wet mills, 18 furnaces, and 10 dry mills, necessita- 
ting the employment of over 100 workmen. 

The Central railroad has a siding 3,000 feet long, connecting 
the works with their main line. In 18S5 the entire works were 
completely destroyed by fire, and yet, without the interruption of 
business for a single day, the buildings and machinery were 
replaced within six months. Everything connected with the 
plant was put in order, and the old industry opened up under 
a new impulse on a grander scale In 18S9 Mr. Heller died, 
leaving the care and responsibility of conducting the business to 
his partner, Mr. Henry Merz. 

Few men, indeed, are endowed with the peculiar faculties 
necessary for the conduct of such an industry as this one 
described. The continuing of the great work of manufactur- 
ing, where the results are onl^- reached through science applied, 
without a break or ruffle, when bereft of his main support when 
such a tower of strength as Frederick Heller, had fallen by his 
side, speaks its own words of praise in a language not to be 
misinterpreted or m i s - 
understood. A few hour 
could not be more pleas- 
antl}', and we may say 
more profitably spent, 

than in looking over 

this great establish 

ment, a strikingly 

beautiful andtruth- 

ful representation 

of which is seen in 

the illustration on 

this page, as well 

as the photos of 

Mr. Frederick 

Heller, deceased, 

and Mr. H e n r y 

Merz. The story of 

Newark's features as 

a manufacturing cen- 
tre is a fact that has 

never yet been mi 

than half told. 




IJ. OKLA.XV tS: ^-iOX. 

THE spring manufacturing busi- 
ness of Daniel Delany & 
Son was started in a small way in 
iS6i, by D. & P. Delany. That 
the business prospered was to be 
expected, since those who were en- 
gaged in it were practical mechan- 
ics as well as careful business men, 
and had learned to know a bar of 
steel from a fiddle string before it 
went into one t)f their furnaces for 
the white-red heat, or into the 
•C(K)ling trough. Upon the death 
of Peter Delany in iS65,an open- 
ing was left ff)r Daniel Delany's 
son, John M., who came into the 
firm with his father, who had suc- 
cessfully continued the busines.-^ 
.alone until January, 1S92, when the 
firm became Daniel Delany A.' 
Son. Along with his father's me- 
chanical abilit}' and extensive 
practical experience, the young 
man brought an excellent business 
education, a firm determination to 
prove himself a helpmeet indeed 
to his father, he also brought a 
level head and strong physic|ue to 
meet all engagements and over- 
tome obstacles. 

A visit to their factory, where are 
turned out coach, dray, carriage and wagon steel springs, of all 
sizes, grades, styles and finish, and for a great variety of purposes, 
indeed, every kind of steel spring in use can l>e seen in course of 
•construction except those used on locomotives and railroad cars. 

Under the guidance of the polite senior member of the firm, the 
writer was ushered into the steel room and given an insight into 
the business. Here great piles of steel rolled for the purpose, are 
seen waiting a turn for the hungry maw of the great steam shears. 

L\KkI\i;E ANli \V\(;i>N STKIXC. WOKKS Ol' 11. DEI. ANY .t SON. 

whicli clip the bars into ])icccs of the desired lenglli; next the 
pieces were passed through the great rolls, which shapes them 
for the close calculating punching machine, which forces the 
necessary holes in the "leaves;" the "leaves" then visit the 
beading and slotting machines, where with one heat the slots are 
sawed and the beads run; then they pass to the fitters, where they 
arc made ready for their contact with great grindstones, and for 
feeling the touch of the finisher. 

JOHN .\l. liKl.ANV. 

liANlKl. UEl-ANV. 



"HE subject of this 
sketch was born in 
Newark in 1S50, and 
after receiving a 
limited public 
school education 
he went to work 
in a brass foun- 
dry on Mechanic 
street, at the 
age of eleven. 
In I S 7 o , h e 
1) o u g h t the 
small fciundr\' 
that he went to 
work in as a boy, 
which under his 
supervision has 
grown to be to day 
beyond dispute the 
foremost and largest 
ibbing brass foundry 
in this city. He found 
it necessary at this 
time in order to keep pace with the growth of his establishment to 
acquire an education, which he obtained by attending the evening 
sessions of a business collage. The line of castings are too varied to 
enumerate, including the very smallest kind of work and some of the 
largest in all kinds of metals, such as pure copper, brass, composi- 
tion, white metal, German silver and alumium. 

The accompanying cut of his four story brick building, built by 
him in 18S9, will give an idea of the extent of his business. This 
sketch is a striking illustration as to what it is possible for a bare- 
footed Newark boy to do at home. The secret he claims to be 
honesty, hard work, pluck and strict attention to business. 


K. 0<: H. J. DEX'LIX. 


INTELLIGENT citizen will dispute the assertion, that the 
city of Newark, N. J., is first amongst the cities of the union 
in the variety of her industries, the push and enterprise of her manu- 
facturers have made it so, and to them the credit is justly due. In 



glancing carefully over the different 
trades we find among the enter- 
prising brass workers of the city, 
Messrs. F. & H. J. Devlin, brass 
founders, whose factory is repre- 
sented in the illustration on this page. 
These gentlemen are practical men 
in their trade and are noted through- 
out the country for their antique 
designs in furniture ornamentation. 
They manufacture every descrii^tinn 
of brass composition and metal cast- 
ings, and for light or heavy machin- 
ists' brass work they are unrivaled. 
Their products reach the principal 
cities of the country and Mexico, and 
the firm makes a specialty of mi.xing 
metals for the trade. These New- 
arkers are generous, enterprising 
and progressive business men, and 
have built up an honorable trade 
by their fair, straight system of 



1.. J. I.VOX^ & C()M1'.\.N\ 

THE manufacture of steam boilers is doubtless the noisiest 
business in the world, and it is a thousand chances to one 
that the man who listens to the interminable bang, bang the 
rattle and batter of hammers, rivets, and the resonant " titito- 
witz " given out by the great sheets of copper, steel or sheet iron 
for a single decade of years will find that he has lost much of 
that acuteness of hearing for which he had been celebrated, but 
yet it is one of those necessary industries upon which so many 
others hang, and so important is it that boiler making shall be 
conducted that giKid men and true must be at helm. 

Such are L. J. Lyons & Co.. who have been engaged in the 
perilous work of making steam boilers for nearly half a century. 

they also build revolving barrels, tanks, dryers and a great variety 
of other such goods as are consumed in the conduct of neighbor- 
ing industries, machinery making and a great variety of manu- 
facturing establishments. The boilers which L. J. Lyons & Co., 
turn out have a reputation as broad as the land they live in, and 
when one of their boilers is set up in an establishment there is a 
confidence in its strength and utility, which drives away fear of 
any weakness which were it otherwise might lead to disastrous 
results. The scrupulous care which is exercised while the boiler 
is being constructed, and the careful inspection the iron and 
rivets have undergone and when the finished product is turned 
out and sent away to its destination, give positive evidence that 


Not unlike many others among our representative business men 
they began business in a small way. having laid their foundations 
on solid ground, with honesty as the corner stone and integrity 
to cap it they have reared a suf>erstructure in business achieve- 
ments unexcelled. To be sure they have made a great deal of 
noise in the conduct of their business, but it has been done with- 
out bluster or show. That the reader may be convinced of this, 
he has only first to scan with care the photo view on this page, 
and then visit the large concern at Commerce and Canal 
streets, where the immense business of boiler making is carried 
on. Here it is that the plant of L. J. Lyons ic Co.. is so modestly 
housed, which consists of all the verj- best and latest improved 
machinery and appliances, and where a large corps of experi- 
enced mechanics and careful workmen are employed in the 
making of steam boilers, of all grades, of all sizes and an 
immense variety of patterns in order to meet the mighty demand 
for their excellent productions. As well as the thoroughly 
rivetted boiler to hold the giant steam and check its rantings 

the boiler, be it large or small, will remain unshaken under tlie 
pressure and strain which it will be called upon to bear. It may 
be truly said that the industry of boiler making as carried on by 
this well-known and highly responsible firm has played a verj- 
important part in the history of Newark's manufacturing great- 
ness. Thousands of boilers have been wheeled away from their 
factory, some of them as large as a small house, yet we have to 
hear of the first accident which can be chargeable to faulty con- 
struction, or baseness of material used or which can in any way 
be brought to the doors of L. J. Lyons & Co. 

Such in brief is the record which this firm, which is composed 
of Messrs. L. J. Lyons and Owen McCabe. who are well-known 
in the boiler industry of the city of Newark, and are esteemed as 
honorable citizens has to present. For years their works have 
had all they could do to fill orders, so confiding has the public 
become in the honesty, integrity and high order of workmanship 
of this old and reliable firm, they know that the order has only to 
be left and the work will be done, and well done. 



Charles Cooper iS: Co. 


THE illustrations on this and the follow- 
ing page represent the works of 
Charles Cooper & Co. , manufacturing 
chemists. They are situated at the South 
end of Newark, between VanBuren, San- 
ford, Clifford, South and Thomas streets 
and Bay avenue. Three city blocks are 
covered with their extensive manufacturing 
establishment, known to the Newarker as 
" The chemical works," to the trades as 
Charles Cooper and Company's laboratories 
for the manufacture of fine chemicals. 

Being located on the Pennsylvania rail- 
road, Waverly and Passaic division, the 
bulk of the goods as well as raw materials is 
handled by the trains of that company and 
but few have an idea of the extent of busi- 
ness, which is carried on from this point of 
the old tenth ward throughout the United 
States, and foreign countries. 

When Mr. Charles Cooper in 1S57, com- 
menced to manufacture a few chemicals for photographers, he 
occupied one floor in Chatham street, New York, and employed five 
men. When after thirty years of activity he retired from business 
the present large works had grown from the modest nucleus in 
Chatham street, and now ranks first among chemical manu- 
facturing firms. 

On January i, 1S67, the pre.-ient senior partner, Mr. Jacob 
Kleinhans had joined hands with Mr. Cooper and a few years 
later Mr. John B. Stobaeus entered the firm. 

By that time the young house had outgrown its Chatham street 
shell and the extended business de.nandecl better fa'jilities. 
After a most careful consideration the firm decided to put up a 
new factory in Newark, N. J., having in view the excellent rail- 
road facilities and the growing industrial prosperity of that city. 
At the same time, the office and ware houses were moved to its 
present location, the five story brick building. No. 194 Worth 
street. New York, under the charge of Mr. Kleinhans and Mr. 
Cooper (the latter retired in 1SS7) with a staff of about thirty men, 
tending to the rapidly growing commercial part of the firm, while 
Mr. John B. Stobaeus assumed entire charge of the manufactur- 
ing department. The present immense establishments were 


erected to keep up with the demands made upon the New York 
house from all parts of the world. Eight large boilers transform 
the energy of the black diamonds of Lehigh Valley into heat 
and motive power, and about 200 men, with a staff of chemists, 
engineers and electricians, are busy, to produce the great variety 
of goods, of which a glance over the firms price list will convey 
an idea to the reader. 

The works, mostly brick structures, are steam heated and have 
electric lights throughout, a net work of steam, water and air 
pipes facilitate the carrying on the chemical processes for pro- 
duction. Huge Corliss engines furnish the power, superheated 
steam is the source of heat, 'and powerful air blowers are 
employed for ventilation as well as for the smelting furnaces. 

The goods produced in the establishment may be grouped 
according to their use by the various industries. 

PiroTOGR.\PHv. — A full line of chemicals for this art, up to the 
latest improvements and novelties in printing and developing. 
Headquarters for nitrate of silver, gold preparatians and refining 
photographers' waste. All kinds of collodion and all grades of 
soluble cotton, sulphurous acid, sulphite, bi-sulphite and meta 
bisulphite of soda and pottassium. 





Mktai. Gim)I>s and Pi.AiiNi;. — Suiphuric acid of all strengths, 
nitric acid free of impurities, nickel anodes free of iron and cop- 
per, gold and silver anodes ; a full line of nickel, copper, mercurj', 
silver, gold, platinum preparations for platers use. bisulphite 
soda, epsom salt, citric, chromic acid, acid for dipping, cyanide of 
potassium. C. P. and comm., sulphide of potassium. 

Mi.NKKAi. Watkk Ma.mi'aiti rers ani> DRri;c:isrs— All prepara- 
tions for artificial mineral waters in a chemical pure state, oil of 
vitriol, chemically pure acids, epsom salts, free of chlorine, 
liquefied carbonic acid in steel cylinders. Complete outfits for 
mineral water manufacturers. 

Bkfwkries. — Anhydrous ammonia, aqua ammonia. Complete 
outfits for treatment of beer with liquefied carbonic acid, 
bi-sulphite of lime solution for disinfecting. Sii.vKREKs. — Chemically pure ammonia, nitrate silver, 
citric and tartaric acids, cryst and fused, etc. 

Varmsk MA.NiK.vtTiREKS. Soluble cotton ether, methvl, ethyl. 

ture is about i,(xx) pounds. One cylinder is sufficient to empty 
50 to 100 kegs of beer, according to their distance from the dis- 
pensing faucet. The apparatus consists of a reducing valve, 
bracket, wrench, twelve feet of rubber tubing, copper wire, two 
vent valves and one cylinder carbonic acid, and costs S35. Extra 
cylinders are S12 each, and SS are allowed for returned empties, 
making the gas S4 net per cylinder. The firm pay railroad freight 
both ways, and willingly give a thirty days' trial, with the under- 
standing that the gas thus used, is paid for. Among the advan- 
tages of the liquefied carbonic acid gas are the following ; The 
l)eer retains its effervescence, refreshing taste and wholcsomeness 
to the last drop, even if on tap for weeks. Flat beer will improve 
while on tap. No bad air from cellar or bar-room is admitted 
into the cask, as is done by air and water pumps. The contents 
of the cask can be used to the last drop. Under carbonic acid 
pressure, beer leaves no settlings in the conducting pipes. Ice is 
saved, as by the transition of the litiuid carbonic acid into gas 


propyl, amyl, alcohol, amylacetate, fusel oil, bi-sulphide 
of carbon, hydrocarbons, borate of maganese, gums, 
resinates, etc. 

Jkwei.ers and assavers. — Bone ash, borax in all forms, soda 
ash, fluoric and white acids, all mineral acids, parting acid, 
nitrate of soda and potass, refining of jewelers clippings and 

The firm is the largest house in the United States for soluble 
cotton, ether and alcohols, liquefied carbonic acid, nitrate of 
silver, anhydrous ammonia, aqua ammonia, bi-sulphide of 
carbon and every description of anodes. 

One of the leading specialties is liquefied carbonic acid gas, the 
firm being the first to produce this article in the United States on 
a commercial scale. It is used for carbonating water (soda water) 
and for drawing lager beer and other malt beverages, and the 
firm offers to the trade the simplest and cheapest contrivance to 
draw beer under carbonic acid gas pressure. They furnish lique- 
fied carbonic acid gas absolutely pure, in steel cylinders, tested 
to 4,000 pounds while the actual pressure, in average tempera- 

cold is produced. The largest cask can be used without any 
danger of the beer becoming flat. The expense for gas is fully 
repaid by the greater number of glasses drawn from a keg which 
is under carbonic acid pressure ; practical experience having 
taught that from one to two gallons more can be drawn from a 
half barrel under carbonic acid pressure, than with any of the old 
methods. Stock ale and porter kept under carbonic acid pressure 
improve materially. The apixiratus does not require any 
attention, nor does it get out of order. 

Another specialty made, is anhydrous ammonia of superior 
grade, last year's products having an average of 99 90-100 per 
cent, of N. H.-' gas, or only one-tenth of one per cent, non-volatile 
matter. A large stock is carried, from which the trade is supplied 
at shortest notice and at most favorable rates. 

Messrs. Kleinhans and Stobaeus are natives of Germany, and 
are widely known and very highly and deservedly esteemed 
by the citizens of Newark, alike in business and social circles, 
having come here thirty-nine years ago, and enjoy the confi- 
dence of the entire community. 




BUT few years have passed since the great 
Franklin solved the problem of electricity, and 
opened the way for a line of illustrious successors to 
build up an institution, at the head of which stands 
this subtle agent which is revolutionizing the 
methods of communication, propelling machinery 
and lighting the world. The first fruit of the great 
discovery of the fact that the bright flashes of light- 
ning playing along the summer cloud, could be 
utilized to man's help, and the world's purposes, was 
made fully apparent through the genius of A. Morse, 
in the click of the telegraph, which his master mind 
evolved to startle the nations. Next came forth the 
wonderful fact from the workshops and laboratories 
that the bright flashes could be so subdued as to give 
a steady bright light to take its place by the side of 
that grand old illuminator of the years, which had 
been wrung from the finest of the Pennsylvania coal 
mines. Last though not least of the purposes to 
which this wonderful agent was next applied was the 
propulsion of machines and machinery through the 
medium of those wonderful evolutions of genius, the 
motor and dynamo. Hardl}' a single decade of )-ears 
has passed since the bare possibilit)- of lighting a city 
or dwelling with electric lights, was mooted, yet to- 
day, as the shades of night shut down the highways 
and byways, the boudoir and parlor are made as light 
as day, and all over the progressive world the buzz of 
the dynamo is heard and the electric motor is per- 
forming its wonderful work. 

All this has been made possible by men of capital, 
who dared to risk it in upholding the work of genius. 
Among these who led oif with better spirit and with a 
greater readiness to do and dare in a work of 
progress, that had within it the element of helpful- 
ness, that needed but the application of that indom- 
itable spirit of push which is the birthright and 
possession of so many of Newark's business men. 

It was right here in the city of Newark where the 
evolvements in electrical science were made, and 
where its application to the many uses and purposes to which it 
is applied, had their first culmination, and the full realization of 
the grandeur of the industry which has led to its development 
and general adoption for lighting and power purposes. 

The Newark Electric Light and Power Company, which takes 
a leading position in this industrj', was organized in iSSo, and 
incorporated January 20, 1S81. 

The first plant was begun late in the same year and business 
started in the spring of 18S2. The first lights were run from the 
Weston factory at Orange and Plane streets until the completion 
of its station No. i, located at No. 25 to 33 Mechanic street. 

After the business had gotten fairly started, this plant became 
inadequate to its demands, so that additions were made and in 
spring of 1887, the building was enlarged, which more than 
doubled its capacity. This station has a frontage of 125 feet on 
Mechanic street and is 95 feet deep and has a capacity of 1,000 
horse power. Horizontal tubular boilers and Corliss engines are 

In September 1SS9, this company acquired control of the 
Newark Schuyler Electric Light Company which was then oper- 
ating a plant at rear of S05-S13 Broad street. The steady 
increase in the amount of business soon brought these stations to 
a crowded condition, so that further extensions became necessary 
and the company began to look about for a suitable location 
where the necessarj- space could be obtained, so that, if it 
seemed advisable, its entire plant could be consolidated in one. 


With this end in view, negotiations were entered into and in 
May iSgo, the company secured a desirable piece of real estate 
lying between the Pennsylvania railroad and the Passaic river, 
adjoining the city dock. In June, this company bought out The 
Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which was operating at 
rear of no Market street. Work was begun in the autumn of 
that year on a new station on the property just purchased. This 
station was started early in 1891. 

The building covers go x 130 feet and is fireproof throughout. 
The machinery used is of the most modern types, the boilers 
being of the Morrin's climax and engines of Mcintosh & Seymour, 
Ball and Westinghouse makes. Condensing apparatus was 
furnished by Conover and Worthington. 

Additional engines, boilers and machinerj- have since been 
added making present capacity of this plant 2,500 horse 

The property has a frontage of 350 feet each on River and 
Pennsj-lvania railroad, and will provide sufficient room for a 
plant of more than four times the capacity of the present one. 
Negotiations are under way for the purchase of additional 
apparatus which will be added as the needs of business require. 

The Newark Electric Light and Power Company was originally 
started as a sub-company of The United States Electric Lighting 
Company, and a large number of the same gentlemen were 
interested in both concerns. In consequence of this close 
connection, the Newark Companj- began operating under a 



license from the latter cimipany, and the entire electrical equip- 
ment of the Mechanic Street Station, as at first installed, was of 
the United States system. 

The Newark Company was also appointed agent for part of 
New Jersey for this system, and through it numerous small 
isolated plants were installed for lighting factories and other 
buildings After several years experience, however, it was shown 
that some other systems could be used to good advantage, so that 
it was decided to terminate the license with the United States 
Electric Lighting Company, and to use whatever apparatus that 

Thomson- Houston systems for arc lighting, are now most 
extensively used. 

This company started business with an authorized capital of 
$200,000, but same was increased in 1890, to $500,000 and in 
1802 to Si .000,000. These increases in capital were made to 
provide for the purchase of the other companies mentioned, to 
retire a bonded debt which existed, and to provide for the pur- 
chase of a new plant and extensions of lines, etc. 

The first president was Mr. Theodore JIacknet. He was suc- 
ceeded by Mr. George B. Jenkinson, who in turn gave place in 


seemed best. In consequence of this change the alternating 
system of incandescent lighting was put in, and as this proved 
superior to the old, or direct current system, it was adopted, and 
all incandescent lights were changed to this system, which not 
only gives a steadier and more even light, but requires smaller 
wires to transmit current for same, and permits of lighting at 
much greater distances. The Company is now lighting the 
village ot Irvington in this manner— a distance of over four miles 
from its stations — and is prepared to furnish light to other neigh- 
boring towns within a similar radius. 
The Westinghouse alternating for incandescent, and the 

December, 18S7, to the present incumbent of that office. 

The officers and directors of 1S93 are as follows : John D. Har- 
rison, president ; Philip N. Jackson, vice-president and mana- 
ger; Samuel S. Dennis, treasurer ; Abram C. Denman, secretary; 
Dudley Farrand, assistant secretary ; and John J. Gaflfney, 
superintendent.'OKs.— Thomas T. Kinney, William M. Clark, Abram C. 
Denman, Samuel S. Dennis, F. .S.Douglass, Charles H. Harrison, 
John D. Harrison, George W. Hebard, F. Wolcott Jackson, 
Philip X. Jackson, Samuel Klotz, Gottfried Krueger, B. M. Shan- 
ley, James Stokes, and Dudley Farrand 




TH E saddlery hardware 
industry of Newark is 
justly recognized to be among 
the most stable of any city in 
the world. The reputation of 
the firms who are engaged in 
the trade is tried and trust. 
worthy, while the volumes of 
this business and the large 
amount of capital handled by 
manufacturers, jobbers a n d 
dealers, invariably with the 
result of honor, at once serves 
as a complete endorsement of 
the integrity of the men who 
are engaged in the mdustry. 

The firm of A. T. Steffens & 
Co. succeeded the business 
established by Kelh- & Petry in 
1S75. It consists of Messrs. 
August T. Steffens, Joseph O. 
Amberg and Jacob I. Amberg. 
These citizens give their per- 
sonal attention to the manufac- 
ture of a general line of sad- 
dlery hardware, nickel, brass, 
and imitation rubber goods, 
and make a specialty of pro- 
ducing iron gig and coach hames, for which the house is generally 
noted throughout the States. 


THE enterprise of her citizens in manufacturing pursuits has 
been most beneficial to an industrial community like that 
gathered in the city of Newark. In this connection attention is 


called to Mr. Edward A. Whitehouse, saddlery hardware manu- 
facturer, whose striking photo forms one of the illustrations here- 
with given. This enterprising citizen commenced business in a 
small way, with but one workman to assist him, in i8S8, and at 
present is able to turn out of his entensive workshop, located at 
Nos. S3 and 85 Mechanic street, large consignments of the finest 
grades of harness mountings, with a general line of saddlerj- hard- 
ware. Mr. Whitehouse is a practical mechanic 


.\lt.\.\l K,\.\>. 



THE nianufactiiring of fine harness ornaments, letters, mono- 
.icrams, etc., is one o£ the noted industries of the city, and 
■has been so for nearly a century. Mr. Adam Kaas, whose 
portrait is shown on the opjjosite page, is a worthy representative 
of the trade, and has been engaged in the business for twenty- 
five vears. His factorv is located at No. 2.S0 Jfarket street. 

Mr. Kaas is an ornament maker by trade, and he is noted 
principally for the fine grade of goods which he is able to 
produce. In this line he has but few rivals. The products of 
his factory reach the leading cities of the country, and have won 
for him a large and lucrative business. 


THE C. S. OSBORXE COMPANY was established in 1S26 by 
Joseph English ; succeeded by \Vm. Dodd & Co, in 1856 ; 
C. S. Osborne in 185S ; C. S. Osborne & Co. in 1S61, and by C. S. 
Osborne & Co., incorporated, in 18S9, with C. S. Osborne as 
president, and Walter D. Osborne as treasurer. Through the 
untiring efforts of its managers, and principally through Mr. C. S. 
Osborne, the business has grown marvellously, so that this house 
is the largest of the kind in the world. 

They manufacture saddlers', harness makers' and carriage 
trimmers' tools, and their tools are in use in every country on the 
globe. It is the rule of this house to employ the most skilled 
labor, and to use the best materials only in the manufacture of 
their products. In addition to this, their dealings with their 
customers have been so satisfactory and agreeable that it has 
won for them a greater and better reputation in the trade than 
any house in its line of business. 



THE manufacture of brass and metal goods 
and kindred articles constitutes one of 
the great branches of industrial pursuits for 
which the city of Newark is widely noted, and 
it may also be observed in this connection, that 
as yet, this branch of trade is confined to a few 
enterprising houses, prominently among whom 
may be mentioned the firm of August Goertz 
& Co., whose works are herewith given in the 
beautiful illustrations, which are taken from 
nature by the powerful eye of the photog- 
rapher's camera. The industry was estab- 
lished in i8Si by August Goertz, Edward 
Wester and Edward Knecht, in a very small 
way with a limited capital, and by push and 
enterprise, with unrivaled workmanship, the 
struggling firm soon built up a flourishing 
trade, which has continued to grow apace until 
at the present writing — 1892— it has attained 
most substantial proportions. The works, 
located at Nos. 27S to 2S4 Morris avenue, near 
South Orange avenue, are admirably equipped 
with all the latest and most improved machinery 
and appliances adapted to the manufacturing 
of every description of purse, bag and pocket- 
book frames, from the cheapest to the most costly grades of 
copper, nickel, silver and gold plate, aluminum, etc. Also every 
kind of fancy metal goods, trimmings and novelties, for which 
the house is so famous. The firm employs 250 hands and make a 
specialty of gold and silver artistic designs that are noted for 
their quality and workmanship. Many of them which are now 
being produced were designed and patented by Mr. Goertz in 
person, and are worthy of special mention on account of their 
beautiful and delicate shades. The output of the firm commands 



AUG. GOEKTZ «: CO., 27S— .284 .MOKklb AVENUE. 

a ready sale throughout the cities of the United States and Can- 
ada. The present firm is composed of Messrs. August Goertz and 
Edward Wester, Mr. Knecht having died in 1890. The former 
devotes his energies to the outstde affairs of the company, and 
the latter, Mr. Wester, superintends the manufacturing depart- 
ments at the works. 

The success attending the firm is due in a great measure to the 
special and careful attention given to all orders, always quoting 
the lowest possible prices consistent with the character of the 
workmanship and the quality of material. 
The firm, by reason of its unexcelled facilities, 
is now in a position to offer the most liberal 
inducements to the trade. 

Parties unacquainted with the manipulations 
of metals can hardly realize the fact of the 
stupendous changes through which they are 
forced to pass in bringing up the cold hard pro- 
ducts of the mine from the state of nature to 
the conditions they must reach before conver 
sion by chemical changes and artistic touches 
into articles of utility. Probably no one agency 
goes farther in rendering metals made use of 
in manufacturing articles for man's purposes 
and the world's uses, than that of heat or fire, 
since nearly all are forced to pass through this 
great leveling, purifying element. The ever 
startling processes, as witnessed by the novice 
as he walks with fear and trembling through the 
great factories where the work is going on, 
causes a twinkle of merriment to lay around 
the eye of the artizan, which is ever on the 
alert as the acts of manufacturing pass before 
his educated gaze, the least variation from the 
true line of which is caught at a glance. Even 
his ear, educated to the sounds proceeding 
from furnace or pan, recognizes the still small 
voice speaking the word of warning from the 
fiery depths of the roaring furnaces, of prepar- 
ations or purification, when the baser parts are 
cleansed away, departing as dross, while the 
pure moulten metal flows into cunningly pre- 
pared moulds fashioned by delicate fingers in 
sand from the low ground of " succoth " (per- 
haps) arranged to receive it. 



FOR many years the saddlery hardware industry- has been one 
of the most important trades carried on in the city of 
Newark. Few persons glancing through the pages of this illus- 
trated work stop to consider what a mighty change has been 
wrought in the past half a century. The development of the 
city's industries has been above the ordinary progress and 
advancement of the nineteenth century, and especially does this 
assertion apply to the enterprise displayed in the manufacturing 
pursuits. Revert back to the year 1S46, and how few of the many 
present enterprises held sway or existed. Yet there were some, 
a notable example of which is the old established and time- 
honored house of Messrs. Joseph Baldwin & Co. No. 254 Market 
street. This business was established in 1S46, by Alexander 

Barclay and Joseph Bald- 
win, under the firm name 
of Alexander Barclay 
& Co. , who were 
among the pioneers 
in the saddlery 
and coach hard- 
ware trade in the 
town, which, as 
many of the 
older residents 
remember, was 
located on Fair 
street, near 
Broad. At that 
tim.e the oldest 
house in the 
business w a s 
Mr. Stephen B. 
Sturges and Mr. 
Seth Boy den, 
whose factory was 
on Mulberry street, 
near Boudinot street. 
This was at that time 
the most noted house in 
the town where many 
prominent Newark manu- 
facturers learned the trade. Since that date building improve- 
ments have erased many of the old landmarks, but the prominent 
career of the firm of Joseph Baldwin & Co. has, to an extent, per- 
petuated the early view in the memory of many. 

In 1864 Alexander Perry Baldwin succeeded his father in the 
management, and Mr. David Martin, a brother-in-law, and an 
enterprising gentleman of wide business experience, was admitted 
to partnership, under the old time-honored name of Joseph 
Baldwin & Co. The plant and a phr)to of its founder is herewith 
given in the illustrations so truthfully displayed on this page. 

The house has been so long and successfully engaged in manu- 
facturing saddler}- hardware, including a line of bits, spurs and 
chains, that its products in this line are the recognized standard 
of the trade, and are used by the leading turfmen of the country. 

JOSKl'H BAI.nWlN, Kil .\UtK. 


FEW men have done more in all probability to uphold and 
retain the saddlery hardware manufacturing industrj- in the 
city of Newark than the gentleman whom we have now under 
consideration— Oscar Wiener, Esq.,— a speaking photograph of 
whom may be seen on this page. He began the industry in 1859, 
and has continued to conduct it ever since with a success of 
which any man may well feel proud. His factories are located at 
Nos. 87 and 89 Mechanic street, on the very spot where, in the 
smallest kind of a way, he began what has grown up under his 
own personal tutelage, care and management, an industry which 


is probably superior to anything in the line carried on in the city 
of Newark, and perhaps in the United States. Out of his factory 
go a class of goods of such a high character that they have only 
to be appreciated, and make their own market wherever saddlery 
hardware is sold or consumed. 

Oscar Wiener is thoroughly well known throughout the city 
and State, and has a high standing among the fraternal beneficial 
associations of the same, being a worthy representative, and 
wherever known is highly respected. 






THE practice of patent law is ably represented in the city of 
Newark by the firm of Drake h Co. , whose offices are located 
at No. 789 Broad street. As attorneys and solicitors of American 
and foreign patents, and as experts in patent causes, this firm 
have an established reputation and the most extensive practice of 
any others in their profession in the State of New Jersey. The 
senior member of the firm, Mr. Oliver Drake, established himself 
here in the practice of his profession in 1S64, and in 1879 the 
present firm was organized by the admission to partnership of 
Mr. Charles H. Pell. No firm stands better before the United 
States Patent Office, or can secure fairer treatment by its officials. 
The importance which attaches to the patenting of inventions in 
this country is evidenced by the fact that during the existence of 
this firm the number of patents issued by the U. S. Patent Office 
has increased from about 41,000 in 1S64, to 470,000 at the present 
time, Feb. 23, iSg2. and New Jersey stands near the head of the 
list in respect to the number of inventors and patentees. 

The members of the firm are recognized as able, scientific and 
successful attorneys and experts, and possess every possible 
facility for conducting every branch of patent law under the most 
favorable auspices and upon the most satisfactory terms. Their 
practice relates to the preparation of specifications and drawings, 
to the making of preliminary examinations as to the patentability 
of an invention, and to the preparation and filing of applications 
for patents, reissues, designs, trademarks and labels, and to every 
item of service necessary to the successful prosecution of the 
inventor's application down to the time the patent is granted and 
issued by the office. They have clients in ail parts of the United 
States, and many of the leading manufacturers of Newark employ 
their services exclusively. Mr. Drake is a native of New Jersey, 
and one of the best known patent attorneys in the country. Mr. 
Pell was born in New York, and combines with Mr. Drake to- 
form a firm, popular with all and sound to the core. 


THE Central Stamping Company is the largest and oldesf 
establishment of its kind in the United States. It has 
several large manufactories, employing many hundreds of 
operatives. The Newark branch (shown upon the opposite page) 
has been in existence some fifty years, and produces a vast 
amount of sheet-metal wares for household, farm and dairy use. 
It has been identified closely with the growth of Newark, and it 
has contributed no small part of our growth and prosperity. The 
offices are situated at Nos. 23 and 25 Cliff street. New York, with 
which all the factories are connected by telephone. 

Our townsman, Jlr. George W. Ketcham. is secretary and 
treasurer, as well as one of the Directors of the Central Stamping 
Company. He is well known in Newark, having serve! the city 
as School Commissioner, Councilman and as a Member of 
Assembly, in all of which capacities he devoted himself to the 
extension of public improvements. He was the originator of the 
present bountiful water supply, having in the spring of 1SS9. 
while a meml)er of the Council, introduced the resolution which 
culminated in the joint action of the Common Council and the 
Aqueduct Board. 






THE name of Walter L. Starr is at 
present connected with the manufac- 
ture of hardware specialties, into which line 
of business he has recently entered. The 
industry is located on Passaic avenue, near 
the Paterson depot of the Erie Railroad in 
this city. The plant is shown in the illus- 
trations on this page. Mr. Starr is perhaps 
one of the oldest citizens of Newark, who 
was formerh' identified with the saddlery 
hardware trade, especially the close plating 
branch of the industry, from which he has 
severed his connection to enter upon the 
manufacture of several hardware specialties. 

CHA.RLK^s Xr. Theberath. 

THE city of Newark, New Jersey, has 
attained the peerless position it now 
occupies among the great Industrial cities 
of the American Union, mainly through the 
enexcelled quality of its manufactured pro- 
ducts. There are but few, if any known markets in the world, 
but what have received consignments of one kind or another, that 
have been produced in some of the numerous plants erected by 
its enterprising ciiizens. 

In this connection Mr. Charles M. Theberath, a photo of whom 
is given herewith, is worthy of special mention. This energetic 
and public spirited citizen, having been identified with the 
manufacturing of fine harness mountings during the past thirty 
years, and has with honor ably represented his fellow citizens 
in the Board of Freeholders, for eight years in the Common 
Council, and also as a delegate to the Chicago Convention, and 
on the electoral ticket of Essex countj' in 1880, and also as 
trustee of the City Home. 



THE saddlery hardware interests of the city have been prom- 
inent among her industries during the past century, and 
have more than held their own in the trade markets of the countrj-. 
This is due largely to the push and enterprise of the men who 
have in the past, and are now engaged in the trade. 

The house over which Mr. Buermann presides was established in 
1846, and is located at Nos. 37 and 39 New Jersey Railroad avenue 
Its products consist of Californian, Mexican and South American 
bits, spurs, stirrups, etc., which are noted all over the Western 
continent for their design and workmanship. The only medals 
and diplomas were awarded to August Buermann, on bits and 
spurs, b)- the Centennial Commission, Philadelphia, 1876, and at 
the World's Industrial Exposition, New Orleans, 1SS4-5. 

^B^* . 


In • ^^^^^B ' " ^^^^^^^B^ 



Al.\iUST liLtR.MAN.N. 





THKcityof Newark, New Jersey, is known far and wide for 
the variety and character of its manufacturing interests, 
and the products of its numerous establishments are sold in 
nearly every market of the world. The brush industry stands 
unrivaled by that of any other city in the country-, and its 
products in this line are acknowledged to be the best in quality, 
.style and workmanship, that can be found in the marts of trade. 
One of the oldest established, and most progressive, and best 
known houses engaged in this line of manufacturing, is that of 
William Dixon & Co. located at Nos. 84, S6 and SS Mechanic 
street. An interior view of the works is herewith prrKluccd 
from a photograph. The industry- was founded in 1S57 by Mr. 
IJixon. The works are fitted up with every improvement known 
to the trade. A large force of hands are constantly employed in 
making calcimine,, paint, varnish, scrubbing, dusting, 
stove, shoe and horse brushes ; jewelers', silversmiths", platers'. 

dentists', watchcase makers' brushes and buffs ; wire scratch and 
matting brushes ; brushes for leather, table oilcloth, saddlery 
hardware, hats, trunk, manufacturers, etc. Brushes of every 
descriptiim are carefully made to order of the very best material, 
and finished in a style that is creditable to the firm. In 1S92 Mr. 
Thomas H. Pollock was admitted into the busmess under the 
present firm name. Both gentlemen are practical mechanics in 
the trade, and have a thorough knowledge of the brush industry. 
The house is well and favorably known. Mr. Pollock is a veteran 
of the late war and a member of (iarfield Post, No. 4, G. A. R. 
Me represented the citizens of Newark in the State Legislature 
in iSqo and iSgt. 

The products of the firm have acquired an enviable reputation 
for excellence, and the trademark of William Dixon & Co. at the 
head of an invoice of brushes is generally regarded by the buyer 
as a sufficient guarantee of the quality of the goods. 









DURING the past thirty-five years the brush industry of the 
city has been honorably represented by Mr. Edward Dixon, 
whose photo forms an ilUistration on this page. This enterprising 
citizen established the bu,siness in a small way, in 185S, and is at 
present at the head of the brush manufacturing firm known as 
Dixon & Rippel, located at No. 50 Market street, where brushes 
of ever)- description are produced from the best material, and 
finished in a style that is creditable to 
the trade of which Mr. Dixon is a 
•worthy representative. 



THE Essex Lead Works, Frank 
Kellogg, proprietor, manufac- 
turers of lead pipe and sheet lead, and 
dealers in plumbing and sanitary 
goods, was established by the present 
proprietor twelve years ago. It was 
then, and is still, the only manufac- 
turing plant of its kind in this State. 
The premises occupied are situated 
at Nos. 45 and 47 Mechanic, between 
Broad and Mulberry streets, Newark, 
N. J. The building is of brick and 
stone, 40x100 feet, and four stories 
high, and contains warerooms and 
factory. The plant is thoroughly 
equipped with every facility needed 
in the business, including a 100 horse 
power Babcock and Wilcox boiler and 
engine. This house makes a specialty 
of lead pipe and sheet lead, but they 
carry a large stock of plumbing sani- 
tary goods, as also gas and steam- 
fitters' and machinists' supplies. 

MAS LINXETT, Jr. , was born in Newark, New Jersey, 
ne 2g, 1S54. After graduating from our public schools 
he entered the employ of J. H. Kirkpatrick. then a leading shirt 
manufacturer, in whose employ he learned the business. 

In 187S he formed a partnership with Charles B. Jolley, under 
the firm name of Jolley & Linnett, at 165 Market street, in a 
back room and with about a half dozen operators. 

In 1S82 the interest of Mr. Jolley 
was bought out b)- Mr. Linnett, and 
the firm of Thomas Linnett, Jr., & 
Co. was formed, with Mr. Charles P. 
Marsh as the junior member. The)- 
extended the business so that they 
required the btiildings Nos. 165 and 167 
Market street, occupying five floors. 

In iSSS they remov-ed to Nos. 45 
and 47 Mechanic street. Mr. Louis 
Marbe was then admitted to the firm, 
under the name fif Linnett, Marbe & 
Co., which continued until January 
iSi)o, when the interest of the part- 
ners was bought out by Mr. Linnett, 
who continued the business under 
the name of Thomas Linnett Manu- 
facturing Company. 

The business was incorporated 
August :o, 1S91, under the laws of 
Massachusetts, with a paid-up capital 
of $25,000. The following gentlemen 
are officers of the company : Thos. 
Linnett, Jr., president; Jos. D. Ward, 
secretary ; Frank Coenen, treasurer. 

A factory 50x100 feet, three stories 
high, was built at Adams, Mass , 
where 200 hands find employment. 
The office is retained at No. 44 
Mechanic street. Newark, N. J. 







MR CHARLKS BURROl'C.HS started in the machine bHsi^e^s 
in September 1S75, and in 1SS4, his increasing business com- 
pelled him to erect his present shop at Xos. 141 to 149 Commerce 
street. The building as shown in the above cut is a two story brick 
structure, the main floor being used by the office in front and the 
extreme rear by engine rtxini and blacksmith department. The 
centre or main lloor is occupied by the heavy machinery, the second 
floor for the lighter machines and for special work requiring a cer- 
tain amount of privacy. Adjacent to the main building he also 
erected a two story brick building which is used only for the storage 
of patterns. 

Mr. Burroughs has not neglected any opportunity to provide himself 
with the latest improved machinery, and at present there is not a 
shop in the state that is better ecpiiijped for his line of work. Among 
his specialties are hydraulic presses of any dimensions and dumps 
of ail descriptions, screw presses, dies or models. He also makes 
a specialty of designing and manufacturing all kinds of machinery. 


Pearl street in the city of Ne.vark. The excellent photo of 
Mr. Sommei- ton"-; one of the illustrations on this page. 

LIKE the refreshing shower of a hot summer afternoon, starting 
into new life the parched earth and causing vegetation to leap 
for joy under its influences, so came the little button hook, bringing 
benizens of comfort to fair women and thankfulness to strong men. Its 
precious influence for good was immediately felt everywhere, while 
this is but one among the many thousands of useful inventions which 
are the fruit of the genius of Newark men and mechanics, its manu- 
facture along with other novelties in wire, opens up a wide field of 
industry. Among those engaged in the manufacture of the labor 
saving, time utilizing and patience soothing button hook, is J. L. 
Sommer, Esq., whose establishment is located at Nos. 14. 16 and iS 

J, 1.. SCIMMIK. 



ONE of the most useful and highly important industries 
successfully carried on for the past forty-two years in the 
city of Newark, is that of the enameled carriage and table oil 
cloth business established by Mr. Andrew Atha in 1S50. 

For many years no country outside of Europe could produce a 
perfect article of enameled carriage and table oil cloth, from ihv 
fact that artisans skilled in that line of work were to be fouml 
only in foreign lands. But this art, like various others, coniineil 
as they were to the country of kings, has graduall}? crept over 
the water, and at the present writing the city of Newark is 
known all over the world through the unrivaled brands of 
enameled carriage and table oil cloth produced in her factories, 
and by her enterprising manufacturers. For many years past 
the city has been the centre of the trade throughout the Union, 
and here, as in but few other cities of the world, does one dis- 
cover such ample resources, combined with practical experience 
and unflagging energy. 

The illustrations herewith given will convey to the mind of the 
reader some idea of the extent to which this industry is canned 
on by Messrs. Atha and Hughes. The immense works are 
located on the block bounded by Sussex avenue. Orange, Nesbit 
and Newark streets, and are the largest in the United States. 
Their history like many other industries which have made the 
city celebrated in the manufacturing markets of the world is 
brief. In 1S50, Mr. Andrew Atha commenced the business only 
from humble beginnings, by industry, perseverance and prudent 
management the business was soon placed on a firm footing, and 
early assumed a leading position in the enameled carriage and 
table oil cloth trade. In 1870, Mr. George H. Hughes became 
associated with Mr. Atha, and from this time forward the busi- 

iW^A .^%.M 


ness of the firm has steadily grown to the present pro- 
portions. In iSf)o, the firm w^as merged into a corporation with 
the following officers : President, George H. Hughes ; vice- 
president, Benjamin Atha ; secretary and treasurer, B. H. Atha. 
The industry founded nearly half a century ago has won a 
reputation that is both commendable and enviable for the push and 
enterprise of the men who have been shrewd promoters of those 
inventions and improvements, that have enhanced the numer- 
ous industries for which the city of Newark, of which they are 
worthy representatives, is now celebrated throughout the known 
world. The company maintains a commodious and well regulated 
salesroom at No. iii Duane street. New York city. The trade- 
mark of this house is known in every part of the world where oil 
cloth is used. 




Yates, Wharton & Co. 

TillC orijjinal firm of Yates, 
Wharton & Co., was formed 
in 1S57, by Mr. Henry J. Vates 
and Mr. John Wharton under the 
name of Yates & Wharton, both 
of whom at that early period had 
become noted in the trade, for 
knowledge and skill in the manu- 
facturing of fur hats. In 1863, 
the style of name was changed 
to Yates. Wharton & Co., Mr. 
William I). Yocfjm having l)een 
admitted to the co-partnership 
and attending to the New York 
salesroom, with which he had l)een 
connected as salesman. In 1S83, 
Mr. William L). Yocom having 
withdrawn. Mr. Charles A 
Wliarton and Mr. Robert Clark, 
Jr.. were admitted to the firm, as 
it is now constituted. Mr. Henry 
J. Yates born in New York city. 
Uecemlier 9. iSnj, learned hatting 
with William Rankin to 1S43, 

associated with Mr. I'. W. Vail in firm of Vail and Yates to 1857, 
firm of Yates & Wharton to 1863, firm of Yates, ^Vharton & Co., to 
date. He has never sought office, but served as alderman, and 
for two terms as mayor of Newark, and is director in several 

Mr. John Wharton, was born September 25, 1825. He has held 
no public office, but has devoted his time to the manufacturing 
department of the business with great success, overcoming 
difficulties and improving methods of manufacture. 

Charles A. Wharton and Robert Clark, Jr., are young men in 
their prime, holding no position of public prominence, but attend- 
ing to the details of the business with energj- and success. 

The firm has safely passed through all the industrial depres- 
sions and financial trials of the past thirty years, being controlled 
by a careful and conservative administration, close supervision 
of details and systematic mangemcnt. 

The plant is complete in its arrangement and will produce 150 
dozen hats per day, their product consisting of men's medium 
and fine grades, of fancy colors and best workmanship, nothing 
being allowed to go from the factory if deficient in any part of its 


manufacture. Their market is mostly domestic embracing the 
United States, including the Pacific coast and Canada. 

They employ 300 hands in the sevi ral processes of manufactur- 
ing and have a merited and well earned rcinilation for just and 
fair dealing with their employees, their working people invaria- 
bly returning to their employ after trying other places for 
comparison of earnings ; and all differences have been amicably 
settled without recourse to industrial war. Employers and 
employees have steered clear of the tracks of strikes as the captain 
and his good sailors avoid the track of the destructive simoon. 

To maintain the stronghold (m the hatting industry which 
Newark held for years before and at the time of the war, has 
required no little skill and acumen upon the part of those who 
were interested therein. That hatting is a roving industry can 
be said truthfully and not to its very great disadvantage either, 
it apparently being outside of the old Franklintonian theory of 
the rolling stone gathering no moss, for wherever this industry 
of hatting is carried on prosperity generally smiles, even on what 
are called • Buckeyes." m.-ir.y <f ulvcli are found scattered all 
over the country. 




David Ripley & Sons. 


ANII rilK Ml 

'OR (luitc half a century 
tliiire has been conducted 
in the city of Newark, an indus- 
try which stands peerless 
among peers, and which in the 
extent and quality of its pro- 
duction is beyond rivalry. We 
have reference to the steam 
saw and planing mills of David 
Ripley & Sons, remarkably 
correct and telling engravings 
of which appear on this page 
and to which attention is 
particularly directed, as also 
the artistic and strikingly effec- 
tive likeness of Mr. David 
Ripley its founder, the sons 
(if whom now conduct the busi- 
ness, the father who was the 
founder of it having departed 
this life a few years since full 
laden with years and honors and 
a well deserved earthly compet- 
ence. The remarkable plant of 
this great concern has a con- 
venience of situation surpassed 
by few saw mills in any city of 

the United States and it is the firm conviction of the writer that 
there is not another saw and planing mill plant, all things con- 
sidered, that is so happily and advantageously situated as that of 
David Ripley & Sons, now under consideration. More than a 
half century of years have passed away since David Ripley, a 
poor and almost friendless boy came on from Greens Farms in 
the State of Connecticut, where he was born on the eleventh day 
of March, 1803. DavidRipley brought with him little or no cash, but 
he brought with him, what was far better, an active brain, a healthy 
physique and a strong right arm, three great and mighty essen- 
tials in the upbuilding of a home and a fortune. David Ripley 
had his life foundations laid firm and deep in the great and 
lasting principles of the great cardinal virtues of temperance, 
fortitude, prudence and justice, and was never known during all his 
career of active business life extending over a period of more 
than fifty years to deviate or depart therefrom. He early 

imbibed a 
hatred for the 
i n s t i tution of 
slavery and was 
always a fear- 
less advocate of 
aboli t i o n. In 
his earlier years 
h e b r o u g h t 
(1 o w n on his 
head not a few 
maledic t ions, 
Ijut his convic- 
tion of right 
was strong and 
his inbred love 
of honor still 
stronger and he 
was never hap- 
pier, or showed 
up to his neigh- 
bors in better 
form than when 
withst a n d i n g 
oAvii) Kii'LEV, FocNiiKK. the taunts of 



the thoughtless who opposed him. It will be remembered to his 
credit that he is the father of the Clover Street Industrial School. 

A marked specialty of the business which David Ripley estab- 
lished away back in the year when Gallant Henry Clay, of the 
West, made his last unsuccessful run for the presidency along 
with our great representative Jerseyman Theodore Freling- 
huysen, who ran on the same ticket for vice-president, was the 
sawing of logs into timber, boards, plank, joists, sills, studding, 
etc., to order. In earlier years David Ripley bought the trees on 
forest lands of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, chopped them down, 
rafted them on the Deleware and Susquehanna rivers and piloted 
them into his own ports on the Passaic river and Morris canal, 
both of which passed his doors. Not a few logs which were 
felled in the forests of Georgia and Alabama were sawed into- 
boards and planks in his mill. Few industries have probably done 
more toward advancing the manufacturing interests of Newark 
than the saw mill industry carried on by David Ripley & Sons. 

Along with their very extensive sawing and planing mill 
industry the Messrs. Ripley, William A., Charles O. and J. 
Wattles, the sons who succeeded their father, David Ripley, who 
died on the 30th of May, 1SS3, have carried on box manufacturing 
on a very extensive scale. Thousands upon thousands of great 
boxes and tens of thousands of little ones go forth from their 
factory which go to other great manufacturing establishments, 
engaged in the work of making such lines of goods as require 
careful packing in strong wooden boxes for their protection and 
shipment, to the marts of trade generally throughout the country. 

Without a halt or break has this great business gone on, giving 
plenty of proof that the education of the sons scholastic and 
business suffered nothing, nor was neither permitted to dag during 
the time he was building up his fortune and preparing with 
paternal care for the well-being and future of his children. 

Besides filling successfully all the responsibilities attaching to 
such a large business the Messrs. Ripley have kept untarn- 
ished the badge of good citizenship, they have ever been ready 
to take part in public affairs, the elder brother, William A. , having 
been one of the first Police Commissioners of the city, and repre- 
sented his ward in the Common Council and his Assembly district 
in the State Legislature with credit to himself and satisfaction to 
his constituency. John Wattles also filled the responsible office 
of Alderman with eminent satisfaction to his constitucncv- 



fc-;Ki>\\x :s ^^Mll• \A.Ki). 

JUST about where the New Jer- 
sey Zine Works now stand, 
about thirty years ago. David F. 
Brown began the industry in a 
small way of boat building and 
established Newark's first ship 
yard. He soon thereafter removed 
to the spot whence the smr)ke 
rises from the great forges and 
cupolos of the Atha & lUings- 
worth steel works, from thence to 
to the present location at Brown 
street and Lister avenue, where 
his successor, the present proprie- 
tor, Kdward (i. Brown, has estab- 
lished a marine railway and has 
gathered around it all the various 
paraphernalia of boat and ship 
building. Not a little very inter- 
esting history clusters around this 
family of Browns. 

David F., the father and prede- 
cessor of the present proprietor, 
was a son of Noah Brown, of the 
firm of A. & N. Brown, shipbuild- 
ers, who constructed the fleet of 
war vessels with which Commo- 
dore Perry immortalized his name 
on Lake Erie. It was this same 

firm who built the first steamboat, the Robert Fulton, and 
moulded up the rounded forms r/f Ericson's mighty monitor which 
beat the Merrimack and saved the I'nion. 

Mr. Brown now employs from twenty to fifty men as circum- 
stances demand in the building of all kinds of boats and vessels 
for sail or steam, .sailers, lighters, yachts, etc. He also con- 
ducts a large business in flag poles and (lag pole ornaments. 
<lerricks. etc. 

It can be safely said that Edward (i. Brown, who has conducted 
the business since the death of his father two years ago, stands 
at the head of one of the oldest industries in Newark. 

Although Edward (1. Brown has not the privilege of building 
steamboats of the Fulton's pattern, or to mould up the ff)rms of 

r.Kow.s s siiirv Vitus, i:kown strkei an"1> i.istf.k avi.xue. 

another blithe little monitor such as his ancestors built under the 
eye of the great Ericson, it is well-known that he has the <il)ility 
and plant, and can call around him such a corps of boat building 
artists, mechanics and skilled workmen on very short notice, who 
will assist him in the building of a boat, ship or vessel of any 
name or nature, which will be a match for any that ever walked 
the waters of river, lake or ocean. As before noted, the conductor 
of the present boat building industry and now under considera- 
tion belongs to a family of shipbuilders and was brought up to 
the business, and had. long before accepting the responsibilities, 
grave in character, which belong to the industry, learned to 
know the difference between a fish hook and an anchor, in fact 
like his predecessors, who had won lasting honors and some of 
them an undying fame in the work they had 
done, he had learned the business from stern to 
figure head. It is worth a visit while a vessel 
is " in the cradel," in order to witness the pro- 
ceedings of vessel building or repairing as they 
go on under the experienced eye and skilled 
mechanism of ICdward G. Brown, assisted by 
his corps of ship carpenters and caulkers. 



Tl 1 1'^ illustration herewith given represents 
the pleasure launch Duplex, one of the 
numerous crafts constructed by Mr. L. Wright, 
Jr., of this city, wh;)se business is located at 
Xos. 9 to 15 Ailing street. This house is known 
in machine trade for its production in wood 
working machinery, marine engines, elevators, 
shafting, pulleys, hangers, etc. Considerable 
attention is given to the building of steam 
launches and yachts of the highest grade, and 
at the present time they have just completed 
what is probably the finest specimen of marine 
engine work ever constructed and which is 
expected to develoj) remarkable speed the 
coming .season. 

l82^K, X. /., JLLUSTRATED. 

J. K. HEKM.A.X c'<: CO. 

JUST thirty years ago the widely known hat bluL-k manufac- 
turing business of J. F. Herman & Co., the largest exclusive 
manufacturers of hat blocks anc\ flanges, iron dies for pressing 
stiff hats, and hatters' tools o£ every description, in the United 
States, or we may say in the world, was established by what was 
then known as Picrson cS: Herman. It was then a very small 
establishment, the firm doing what business thej' could in their 
small shop, corner McWhorter and Hamilton streets, in a room 
about 20x30. Their business steadily increased until those 
quarters became too small, and they removed to Kirk's Building, 
in Kirk's Alley, in a room 40x60, just twice the size of their 
McWhorter street shop, where the firm made rapid progress until 
it became necessary, by their increase of business to seek larger 
quarters, when they came to the conclusion to put up a building 
of their own, which they did in the spring of 1SS5, and the first of 
Api-il of that year saw their building completed, which they then 
moved into. It is situated at Nos. 69-71 Bruen street and is a 
two-story with 
basement build- 
ing, 48x72, with 
a three -story 
annex in the 
rear 15x30, 
which is not 
sho w n in the 
beautiful illus- 
tration of their 
building seen 
on this page. 

In the base- 
ment, which 
contains 2 ,000 
square feet of 
space, all the 
lumber is hand- 
le d, which i s 
purchased b y 
the car-load. 
Between 75,000 
and 100,000 feet 
are consumed 
annually. After 
it is cut up by 
the large rip, 
circular and 
cross-cut saws, 
and roughed 

out bv the machinery, all here in their basement, it is distriiiuted 
to the different departments of drying rooms or kilns, by means 
of an elevator. 

The next or first floor, 2,000 square feet, is the finishing depart- 
ment. Here are two block machines, two jig saws, two boring 
machines, two band saws, two block sandpaper machines, two 
turners' lathes, one curver. one flange sandpaper roller, two buzz 
planers 20x36, together with the necessary machinery to keep 
tools in order, such as grindstone, emery wheels, saw filing and 
saw setting machines. On this floor, in the new wing, is also the 
office, to the rear of which is the machine department, in which 
are made the dies for the pressing of hats. This industry is with 
the hat manufacturers in its infancy, and is bound to develop 
largely. This firm is making the dies successfully with the 
latest improved machinery. Adjoining is the engine and boiler 
rooms, which contain an engine of 50 horse povi-er and boiler of 
75 horse power, which furnish ample power for their different 

The second floor contains, in part, stock and drying rooms, and 
the third floor of the extension is also adapted to drying room 
facilities. To the rear of the building is the plaster room, where 

J. F. HERMAN .S: CO., 6t) AN'l) 71 BRLIf;N STREET. 

the moulds are made for the iron die castings, and the well 
equipped lumber yard. Each piece of lumber is thoroughly 
seasoned before being worked, which has been the great success 
of this firm. 

Mr. John F. Herman, the senior member of the firm, is a native 
of Germany. He was born in 1S33, at Stuttgart, and emigrated 
to this country twenty years later, of whom it may be said he has 
managed the old firm of Pierson & Herman since 1S65. Mr. 
Pierson being incapable through old age to assist in the factory, 
retired, but still retained his share in the business until his death 
five years ago, when Mr. Herman continued the business alone 
until 1SS9, when he associated with him Mr. Fred Buehler and 
Mr. Charles Landmesser, both for many years his former 
employees. Mr. Buehler was born here in the city of Newark in 
1S56, and Mr. Landmesser claims the same birthplace five years 
later. They both received their education in our good public 
schools and colleges. All the members of the firm give their 
personal attention to their business, which with their long and 
practical experience in this line, enables them to have the work 

performed i n - 
telligently b y 
their e.xpert em- 
ployees. Mr. 
Herman a t- 
tends to the 
factory, assist- 
ed by Mr. Land- 
messer, and Mr. 
Buehler acts as 
the firm's sales- 
man, Through 
their combined 
efforts it has 
become one of 
the most indis- 
pensable auxil- 
iaries to the 
man ufacturers 
of hats, not only 
in Newark and 
the State of 
New Jersey, but 
throughout the 
United States 
and the Domin- 
i o n of Canada 
and Mexico. 

In this indus- 
try, having its 
home in Newark, is another demonstration of the thoroughly well 
authenticated fact of the very general benificence of aggregation 
as applied to industrial pursuits. 

No inducement except the fact that here were great hat manu- 
facturing establishments in full operation where the need for the 
very self same class of goods as J. F. Herman &- Co. could and 
would make, thus having an assured market for their output at 
their very doors, could have been offered, or such telling facts 
presented to give them a confident assurance of success. 

Not alone this home market, which grows apace with every 
new venture in this rapidly increasing manufacturing field, and 
which is the direct result of this aggregation of industrial plants, 
is responsible for the marvellous growth of Newark as a manu- 
facturing centre, but because of its geographical position as well. 
Perhaps the first great leading cause of its acceptance by manu- 
facturing capitalists and wide awake business men, machinists, 
mechanics, inventors and artists, was found in its great natural 
advantages of location supplemented by the very great ease with 
which its transformation to the great variety of purposes can be 
accomplished, and its being so easily accessible from all points 
of the continent. 


1 8.^ 

Just at the wide open doors of the two great metropolitan 
cities of the Atlantic seaboard, and six great trunk lines of rail- 
roads, the Passaic River and Morris Canal, over which to 
transport the manufactured products to their unparalleled 
markets for selling in. 

Xot alone is the industry under consideration the recipient of 
such lasting favors as are sure to tlow from the aggregation or 
concentration of its own specialties, but every other branch is 
equally entitled to the rare benefits and beneficial results which 
are continually flowing from rich and enduring fields, which needs 
but the touch of its kindreds to pour forth its full realization. 

Thus has the growth of Newark gone on from step to step in 

and there does seem to be some peculiar characteristics in their 
make-up which are not found in the physical structure or mental 
endowments of those who find affinities which arc foreign to 
industrial lines. 

Let us add that by their industry, alertness and efficiency, and 
by strict personal attention to business, they have succeeded in 
gaining the confidence of style leaders in the hat trade, and hat 
manufacturers in general throughout the entire country. The 
plant of this concern has been proven a most indispensable aux- 
iliary in the manufacturing of hats everywhere. It is a pleasure 
to notice the existence of a concern that starting out to excel, 
and which notwithstanding the very many serious obstacles 

"r-^^ o 



its progress under these Ijenign iniluences. When this now 
widely known and prosperous industry first set up its modest 
belongings, the promise of its well deserved growth and success 
was seen at once in the cordial reception which the necessity for 
its productions prompted from the great concerns within its 
immediate vicinity, but also from many other concerns in various 
parts having like requirements in other and distant places. 

The wonderful success of the artist's work in sketching the 
plant of the concern under consideration, combined with the 
supplemental study of the engraver who furnished the illustration 
plate for this work, speaks a language which can be studied with 
lasting interest in the beautiful picture presented on this page of 
Newark, N. J., iLLUsTR.^TF.n. 

To such men as these who conduct industries which bring such 
rich grists to the Newark mills, a deep debt of gratitude is owed. 

which it had to overcome in its earlier career, has by the most 
indomitable perseverance succeeded in laying solid foundations 
and is now in the full tide of business prosperity and has won an 
enduring place in the front rank of manufacturers, standing 
to-day among the representatives of Newark's industrial interests. 
Few hat manufacturers in these later days of progressiveness 
undertake competing without falling back on the helpmeets, 
which are turned out of the factories of J. F. Herman & Co. 
Among these are the iron dies which they are turning out success- 
fully with the latest improved machinery for the new system of 
hat manufacturing in this country. These dies had long been in 
use in England, but it required the skill and genius of J. F. 
Herman & Co. to make them here, and they are rapidly gaining 
an enviable reputation for making the iron as they did the wood, 


A'E}l\ARk\ X. J. n.Ll-sriiATED. 

CHA.S. OpI'EL'S So>!S. 


THE millions of cigars made 
annually in the United States 
require boxes in which to pack 
them, and this branch of the 
industry affords employment to 
thousands of working people 
throughout the country. Our 
thriving city of Newark possesses 
the leading steam cigar box manu- 
factory of the state, that of Charles 
Oppel's Sons, situate at Nos. 54 
and 56 West street, which is here- 
with shown in the half tone 
engraving presented. The busi- 
ness was inaugurated in 1S64, by 
the late Mr. Charles Oppel, and 
in 1SS6 his sons, August T. and 
Rerthold, assumed control. They 
have met with gratifying success, 
and the business is to-day in a 
flourishing condition. The 
machinery and general appoint- 
ment of the factory are all of the 
latest and most improved order 
which greatly facilitates opera- 
tions, and large orders are filled 
on short notice. A large assr)rt- 
ment of labels of the most artistic 
designs are always in stock, be- 
sides, a complete line of cigar 
manufacturers' supplies, such as 

gum, ribbon, knives, cigar boards, cutters, revenue books, color 
marks, etc.. also numerous other articles that are a necessity to 
the cigar maker. The factory covers an area of 50x40 square 
feet, which is barely suflficient to accommodate the number of 
men and women constantly employed. All their affairs are under 
the personal supervision of both members of the firm, who are 
recognized by the trade as energetic business men, and all work 
done is of the neatest and most perfect standard that it is possible 
to obtain. A gratifying proof of the popularity of the firm is the 
number of patrons it can claim in all parts of the United States 
and Canada, who are able and willing to testify to the merit of 
its productions. Like everything else in the manufacturing line 

that N e w ark 
that is as sure 
to go to the 
front as the 
magnetic need- 
le to the pole. 
It needs no re- 
hearsal of the 
m a n y demon- 
s t r a t e d in- 
stances of this 
fact, but they 
may be seen on 
all sides by the 
most careless of 
observers who 
will permit his 
attention for a 
single moment 
to rest upon re- 
sults, as the)' 
stand out so 
prominently as 
A-rcusT T. oi'i-Eu not to be mis- 














taken. What can be said of the other manifold industries carried 
on in the city of Newark can the same be said of cigar making 
and the manufacturing of supplies for the trade. To the latter 
we have only to do in this article, and in calling the attention of 
readers to this branch of industry, the first move will be for him 
to take a look at the engraving on this page, which is a faithful 
representation of the .structure in which the industry of Charles 
Oppel's Sons is hou.sed and where they carry on the cigar 
makers' supply manufacturing business, and make every neces- 
sary article called for by the trade. The growth of the business 
carried on by Charles Oppel's Sons, of manufacturing cigar boxes, 
and cigar makers' supplies, points with unerring exactness to the 
growth of cigar 
manufacturi n g 
not alone here 
in Newark, but 
in other cities 
a n d to w n s 
where there is a 
demand f o r 
their goods and 
whence they 
are shipped to 
meet it in large 
throughout the 
year. Some- 
thing of the 
magnitude o f 
this industry 
can be seen 
from the extent 
of the output of 
the O p p e 1 s 
alone and yet 
they are but one 
of the many. dertholo opi-ei.. 



SCHMini' c*i: 


TO just such institutions as this over 
which the Schmidt's preside, father 
and son, is Newark indebted for her 
phenominal growth and material great- 
ness. Without the assistance of the 
steam saw and planing mill establish- 
ments the city would make but an ordi- 
nar\- showing. 

This house, now so well and favor- 
ably known, began its career nearly forty 
years ago. Mr. Schmidt had been 
educated to the business and had early 
been impressed with the one grand 
desideratum in wood workmg, that his 
timber must be thoroughly seasoned 
before using. When a piece of board 
went under his planers, or timber into 
his lathes, it was well dried, hard and 
elastic, with a fiber as straight as the 
bow wood of the native Indian. As his 
business grew and the want of assist- 
ants came upon him he employed none 
but skilled workmen and the latest and 
liest improved w<H)d working machines 
and machinery, and at this time there is 
in constant use in the factory as fine a 
]>lant of machines, machinery and wood 
working tools as are to be found in any 

industrial establishment in the countiy. The factory buildings 
of this firm which have a truthful illustra'.ion on this page are 
very capacious, and have steadily progressed as the increase of 
business demanded. The manufact< ry building is a three storj- 
brick structure 5o.\So feet, giving a floor room in each story of 
4,000 square feet. Along with this they have quite extensive 
yard room for storing timber and lumber, and yet the demand 
comes up for still more room than can be commanded from plots 
Nos. 20 and 22 Broome street. The great variety of styles, forms, 
patterns and shapes of wood articles which come forth from the 
doors of their factory would create something of amazement in 
the mind of any one unaciiuainted with the wood working 
industry. The firm makes a specialty of carpenters' sawing and 
turning, and among the multitudinous products may be mentioned. 

columns balusters, line and iiitching 
posts, circular moldings and scores of 
articles in a great variety of patterns are 
reckoned among the output. Strangers 
have been known to stand for hours in 
the presence of one of their turning 
lathes while the expert turner dexter- 
ously fashions the article of beauty or 
utility, close watching him as he guides 
the sharp tool over its swift flying form 
of seasoned wood of oak, niahogancy, 
rose wood, pine, hemlock or whatever 
kind of wood the heart of the operator 
may be for the time inclined to use for 
the purpose intended or to fill an order. 
The buzz, upright and scroll saws, the 
planers and moulders as handled by 
this firm have done their part in the 
the revolution in house trimming in the 
last half century. It is surprising, 
indeed, how beautifully many of these 
machines, automatic to a great extent, 
walk through the timber boards and 
planks placed before them, and it does 
seem as though by and by they would 
begin to talk, yes in their own peculiar 
way they do even now speak a language 
that is easily interpreted by the manu- 
facturer and banker, and we opine 
as the years go by and the wealth 
of the capitalist unfolds more and more clearly to the view 
of the genius of inventions, and the guardian and key holder of 
the still hidden mysteries of mechanics and mechanisms is forced 
to listen to the persistant appeals to unlock the inner doors of this 
inner safe and set free for the uses of man the new, which per- 
chance, may be old, that the great evoUitioHs now in jMogress 
may startle the world in novelty, value and golden purpose. As 
the great procession of the industry moves on caparisoned in the 
finished harness of novelty and usefulness, the acclaim of the great 
cloud of witnesses will continue to swell in long continued shout, 
•• well done." till the culmination of voice and sound reach the 
car of the genius holding by the bridle of persistance the latest 
and newest of the released, fnmi the great closet of hidden 
mvsteries as another of the world's greatest inventions. 

IMlnr ,'i: Sll.\, SAW, rUNK \Nli n KXING Mil. I.. 


ME^R^' .\. st:iiMH>r. 




'M.Kl.S^ b I KK1/1>^ 

WHILE the industry of wagon making is in 
the same line rea ly with that of carriage 
manufacturing, there is yet a mighty difference, 
and the best explanation thereof which we are 
able to make in the short space allotted in this 
work, is that the wagon is made for business and 
the carriage for pleasure. Now while this state- 
ment will not bear too close a scrutiny, it is near 
enough to the fact for all practical, as well as our 
own purpose, since in this article we have to do 
with the industry as applied to the making of both 
heavy and light farm and brewery wagons, light 
and heavy drays, carts and business vehicles 
generally, which is conducted extensively in 
Newark, not alone in a production for home sale 
service and consumption, but for outside markets 
as well. 

Mr. Frederick Finter, one of the oldest and 
most respected German citizens, was born in Ger- 
man)-, June S, 1S14. He arrived in Newark, N. J. 
in 1834, and devoted himself to the business of 
wagon making. When he came here there were 
only five German families in this city. He 
climbed up the ladder with a sturdy determination 
which brooked no failure, and as a result of his 

industry and perseverance he was able, along with six other wagon-makers, to begin business in 1848, at the corner of Hamilton and' 
Bruen streets. Step by step he went on increasing his knowledge and extending his efforts until finally he became sole 
proprietor of the large business which has since been carried on under his personal supervision up to a few months before he 
died, which was May i, 1SS5. He employed very few helpers when he commenced business for himself and depended largely 
on his own educated arras and hands to push his steadily growing industry. 

The successful results which followed his efforts show how faithfully he worked and what an imdomitable spirit of determination 
he brought to bear in the consummation of his ideal project, of building up a great business upon such solid and enduring founda- 
tions as would be as lasting as the wagons he was engaged iri building. The founder of this now enormous wagon manufacturing 
industry was one of those sturdy characters, who was not content to scan the present with his clear eye, but was ever peering away 
into the future and endeavoring so far as possible to reach out for new ideas to build the very best he knew, and with this end in 
view he made wagons better and better as the years went on, but never so far as he could divine did he build " better than he knew." 
When the time came that this father of one of Newark's important industries, and one who had laid the foundations in such, of the 
virtues that should make them enduring as time itself and had cemented it with his own good name, should lay aside his apron and 
tools for the last time, he could turn the institution over to his son, that he might continue its conduct under the name of its founder. 
After the death of Mr. Finter, his son William F. Finter, took full control of the business and, as it increased, year by 
j'ear, and the factory became too small to meet the requirements of the trade, he purchased the ground in iSr)i, at the corner 
of Market and Congress streets and erected one of the finest and most complete wagon factories in the State. He is a thorough 
mechanic, having learned the trade with his father before he took charge of the business. 

As the reader turns the pages of this New,\rk, N. J., Ilhstr.ated, and art treasure, and reads the shorl and succinct histories of 
the several industries, there are few who will find that the illustration speaks a better language than that representing the great 

establishment of Finter & Co., on this page, one of the oldest in its line 
in Newark, and conducted by his son. Thousands of busi- 
ness houses all over Essex county and the State of 
New Jersey, have abundant reason for apprecia- 
tion of the good work done by this company 
of wagon builders. For nearly a half 
century the name of Finter branded on a 
wagon has been .accepted as the sign of 
its high quality in the state of New Jer- 
sey. If the plain, substantial, honest- 
made wagons built by Finter & Co.. 
of Newark, New Jersej', don't stand 
forth as an exhibit from among the 
thousands which will undoubtedly 
occupy a large space in that great 
World's Fair in Chicago, then will full 
justice not be done toward the wagon- 
making branch of Newark's indus- 
trial pursuits. Should the wagon-making 
industry be properly represented in the great 
Columbian show, a high grade premium will 
doubtless go to that wagon which has pinned to its 
body or axle the plate of Finter & Co., makers, Newark, N. J. 






A I'.AKKIIORN. HiiWARl' .\ X 1 1 Mi:RlKK STKKKTS, AN'l) 





ICTTIXG nght down to solid facts it will be found that 
among those industries which tend most to the maintain- 
ance of the high character which Newark is celebrated for, in its 
buildings wherein is domiciled the capitalist and workman alike, 
is that of door, sash and blind, frame, bracket and that of general 
light wood working, as also that of the factory buildings which 
rear their loft) heads far above their less pretentious neighbors. 
This branch of the wood working industries carried on in this city 
must needs take the lead of all others, so far at least as its output 
is designed for home consumption, unless we make an 
«xception of the saw mill and carpentery, than to the 
former must be rightfully awarded the first place or real 
initiative, unless we are permitted to follow the wood- 
man into the depths of the forest to see him bury the bit 
of glittering steel into the giant oak, cloud sweeping 
pine or deep sighing hemlock. 

While there are nearly, or quite a half hundred of 
great establishments where the buzz saw and planers by 
the scores are kept running like the flash of the light- 
ning and where hundreds of men and boys are kep' 
busy, yet there never seems to be an over supply. All 
the product from these great establishments which is 
not caught up and consumed by the home builders finds 
a ready sale in the markets of the world, and indeed, 
quite a large percentage of the output goes direct from 
mills to shipboard for exportation. 

Among the great concerns engaged in the manufact- 
ure of doors, door frames, window sash and frames, 
brackets, moldings, etc., is that of Kngelberger & Bark- 
horn, who have their plant house! in the great buildings 
erected for the purpose on the corner of Howard and 
Mercer streets, with warerf>oms at 305, 307 and 309 
Springfield avenue. The beautiful illustration here seen 
gives but an introduction to what the concern in reality 
is. This industrial business was begun early in the 
fifties by the Augster Bros., they being succeeded by 
Engelberger & Barkhorn as now constituted. It was in 
the year iSSi, a little more than a decade of years ago. 
when the young firm with a capital all told, of less than 
three thousand dollars, flung their business banner to 
the breeze and at this writmg they stand at the head of 

this particular branch of Newark's industries. They have all 
the latest and best improved machinery and give employinent to 
nearly one hundred skilled workmen, and in 1S92 their output of 
manufactured dfmrs, sash, blinds, frames, etc., had a value of 
nearly a quarter of a million dollars. The partners are Newarkers 
and men of standing. Mr. Engelberger not only handles the plank 
himself, but sees to it that his workmen do their share, while 
Mr. Barkhorn keeps his eye on the ledger and bank account. 
They are successful, and the secret lies in the fact that, they have 
run the business and have never |)ermilted the business to 
run them. 






TO OUR readers who have had no real experience with lumber, the magnitude of the interest as conducted in Newark, is startlinsr 

and even to those who have, the experience that all men All along the Passaic, from the point where the city rests from 

who themselves are built of the right material must have had in the work of crowding the salt meadows back on the sea, to Second 

erecting a house to put the bird of a wife in when they catch her, river, and even on up through Belleville, great heaps like young: 




mountains o f 
pine, hemlock, 
spruce and oak 
lumber greet 
the eye of the 
passer-by. The 
toot of the horn 
of the helms- 
man of the 
"sailer" laden 
deep with lum- 
ber from the far 
away Southern 
pine lands, or 

the shrill whistle of the little tug, with its monster barge in tow, 
and the creak of the Dpening draw, is music to the ear of the 
scores of great saw and planing mills which line the river bank, 
and never seem to get enough to satisfy their hungry " maw.' 
Not alone can the river Ijegin to supply enough for the demand 
of the hundreds of merchants engaged in the rich industry, but 
they must needs call upon the seven great railroads to roll into 
the Newark lumber market thousands of carloads as helpmeets in 
the herculean work of keeping up with the yearly increase of 
consumption, and yet there is a constant cry for more I more ! 

Few cities in the I'nited States can show a lumber and timber 
record with taller columns of figures to represent them than can 
New Jersey's metrojiolitan city, Newark. Not alone in the 
amount of timber and lunil)cr which Newark requires for her own 
marvellous growth and upbuilding, does she excel, but has to her 
credit a large supply trade in manufacturing articles turned 
out of her great mills, which are kept busy the year round. 

One of these establishments which surely had a happy run of 
success, is that of the Cha|)in Hall Lumber Company, whose 


great mdls are situated at Fourth avenue ami Ogden street. 
These are three stories high, and cover a plot of ground 100x200 
feet in area, a beautiful and truthful engraving of which is seen on 
the page opposite. But this shows but a tithe of the great yards 
in which this enterprising company stores immense quantities of 
North Carolina pine, cypress and white pine, which lies here 
undergoing the seasoning process, for future conversion into doors, 
sash and blinds, llooring, mouldings, siding, packing boxes, etc., 
their sheds and store house containing a large stock nuinii- 
factured for future or immediate delivery. 

This company has several large plants, one in particular, at 
the foot of Oriental street, on the I'assaic river, is worthy of 
special mention, as well as the immense parent liuiUling 
represented in the illustration with its engine and Ixiiler 
house extensions. 

Of late an immense impetus has been given to the lumlxr 
industry by the popular Building and Loan Associations, which 
are shedding abroad a boundless good to the men of moderate 
means in aiding them to build homes of their own. 


Tl I V. city of Newark will, pcrhajis, in a few brief years embrace 
all the territory now lying between the Ilackensack river 
and the Orange .Mountains Mr. John Taylor, whose photo forms 
one of the illustrations herewith given, has been connected with 
the wood-sawing and planing industry of Newark for the past 
twelve years. There are but few men of his years who have 
sawed up or planed more lumber for carpenters' use than he has 

in the time 
during which 
he has been 
identified with 
the business. 
T h e plant i s 
located in the 
famous " Phce- 
nix Works," 
rear of No. 256 
Market street. 
Mr, Taylor is 
well known in 
the trade and 
social circles of 
the city, as an 
upright b u s i- 
ness man and 
energetic citi- 
zen, and is a 
worthy r e p r e- 
sentative of the 
wood - workers 
of Newark. 



THK steady growth of the manufacturing and commercial 
plants, which adorn every section of the city, are monu- 
ments to the most free and enterprising ])eople the world has ever 
seen. In the industry of wood-turning. Mr, Alfred A. Baldwin, 
whose photo contributes to 
illustrate this page, is 
well and favorably 
known among the 
carjienters an 
This enter 
prising citi- 
zen devotes 
his energies 
to the turn- 
ing of balu- 
sters, and 
newel posts, 
of every 
and wood- 
t u r ning in 
Since 1876 he 
has conducted 
the business at 
the well know 
" Phoeni.x Works 
rear of No. 256 
ket street. 






NEWARK as it is, gives very few points to show 
what it has been, it being largely the growth 
of the last fifty years. Still there are a few buildings 
standing that go back in their history to colonial 
times, and give a fair representation of the taste and 
ability of their age. At that time very little aid was 
had from trained architectural work, and the preten- 
tious buildings of that period, and in fact, for a long 
time after, were the work of skilled carpenters or 
masons. Great credit is due them for what they 
achieved, and as history repeats itself, so architecture 
returns once and again to the best and most refined 
works of other times. We are only sorry that this 
spirit and taste does not always hold true, for there 
came a time in the history of our city when utility 
and the mighty dollar became dominant, and to this 
is due the sameness and lack of beauty of a large 
part of our city. We are only sorry that the sub- 
stantiality of the work was not as bad as the taste, 
in that case we might hope for a new outfit for so 
prominent a place as the corner of Market and Broad 
streets for instance. But to such training as this 
can be traced the foundation for the exceptional 
ability of the building tirades of the city of Newark. 
Her architects are the equals of any, her building firms have an 
unrivalled reputation both at home and abroad. The fact that 
almost all of the work done is by contract proves their fairness 
and reliability. 

On this page the illustrations represent the old and time 
honored industry of Mr. Charles M. Russell, located at Nos. 3S 
and 40 Crawford street. Mr. Russell, the proprietor, is the suc- 
cessor to the firm of Russell iS: Sayre, whose business was estab- 
lished in 1876, and continued uninterrupted until 1891, when this 
successful partnership was disolved, Mr. Sayre retiring to enter 
other business. In this factory can be seen the machinery that 
enables the modest house of to-dav to be finished far better than 



T?! 11^ in ^ 

jh -ji 




costly mansions of times gone by, almost everything in the build- 
ing trade is here produced, work is given to a large force of men, 
and the facilities for trades, etc., equal to any other. 

It addition to the necessary machine work for their own busi- 
ness, they do all kinds of mill work, sash, blinds, doors, mouldings, 
etc., for the trade, personal attention is given to every part of the 
work, and a specialty is made of odd furniture, glass fittings, etc. 
At the corner of Washington and Kinney streets is the lumber 
yard annex of this business, where an assortment of everything 
for the retail trade is kept. 

Mr. Russell is a practical mechanic himself, a native of Morris 
county, he came to this city at the age of 17, was an apprentice 
in the shop of Mr. Ezra Reeves, Mr. E. R. Carhuff being foreman 
at the time, just after completing his apprenticeship, he with some 
half dozen others of the same shop enlisted in the service of his 
country. Mr. Russell joined the old city battalion and spent some 
time in drilling in the old burying ground under Captain Kinney, 
he was finally mustered into Co. K, Second Regiment, New 
Jersej' Volunteers. After an honorable term of three years 
service the survivors of this regiment were mustered out. Mr. 
Russell resumed his trade, and after several years was taken in as 
partner by his old employer, Mr. Ezra Reeve. After entering into 
business with his nephew, Mr. Sayre, as before stated, their work 
extended to all parts of the country and city, several fine churches 
and many of the finest residences were erected by them. Mr. 
Russell is a member of Garfield Post, G. A. R., is one who takes 
a great interest in the welfare of the city, and at present is a 
mernber of the Board of Education. 

The career of such a man is but a representation of what our 
American citizenship can do for those who are energetic and 
enterprising. The art of building is the oldest of all the arts, 
and while perhaps not as honorable as some of its sister arts, yet 
it is full as important, the spirit of architecture has shaped the 
destiny of nations, with its advance we may see the growth and 
increasing wealth of every nation that fostered it, wi h its decline 
how quick the fall. It is largely educational. A mind growing 
in an environment of taste and refinement will become the intelli- 
gent citizen. In our country w-e do not see the grand specimens 
of architecture such as are seen in the older countries, they have 
had their use no doubt, but here we do not wish to see the grand 
cathedral, while perhaps under its shadow a hovel, the home 
(can we call it home ?) of an honest family. Philanthrop)- should 
not spend its time and money in fostering pauperism, but build 
beautiful homes for the poor, and rent and sell them reasonably. 



Tl-ckek Letter ot Document Kile Co. 

AyUliSTIOX long since settled in favor of Newark, is the 
fact that in no place of equal population, are there so many 
men of real inventive genius, so many men whose evolvements 
have gone farther towards the mechanical, scientific and artistic 
revolution, which has not only startled the world by the brilliancy 
of the marvellous achievements in the past, but has kept them on 
the qui vive of expectancy for inventions still more startling, 
and the record has kept unfolding, while the face of the 
present, all wreathed in smiles of satisfaction, has been kept 

true, but just such a one as has brought down showers of rich 
blessings upon his head and put money in his purse. Xo greater 
boon has ever been conferred upon business and professional 
men, clerks, correspondents, and indeed everybody who ever 
received a dozen letters or a thousand, or as many papers or other 
documents of any name or nature, than this William H. Tucker 
did when his fertile brain gave birth to this wonderful piece of 
ingenuity simplified, known as the Tucker Letter and Document 
File, and the Automatic Suspension Cabinet, in the compartments 
of which they can all be filed away for future reference. 

Some of the grandest inventions ever patented have long laid 


bright by the hope of grander things in the future. .Some 
of these have flashed upon the world like comets in the 
midnight sky, with their brilliant train of meteoric attendants, to 
have a brief and showy existence, then to pass away forever. 
Others, coming forth in the nick of time, have pa.ssed the ordeal of 
years of trial riding triumphant over all obstacles, and taking 
their place in the people's favor and been accepted as standards 
in their line. Thus has it been with the invention of William H. 
Tucker, a Jerseyman and Newarker to the manor-born, who 
when he heard the clarion call of his country in the hour of her 
danger, went forth to fight her battles as a soldier, and stood side 
by side with hundreds of brave comrades who gave their life a 
ransom, while he returned to shower blessings on the people. In 
his patented Letter and Document File, a simple contrivance it is 

dormant for the lack of development, but a better fortune has 
waited upon this, which has fallen into the hands of men who do 
not allow anything to sleep or slumber that they have to do with. 
The company engaged in the work of the manufacture of these 
almost human ofllice and business men's necessities, was organized 
in 18S7, with H. C. Condit as president, E. P. Backus, treasurer, 
A. Judson Clark. Jr., as secretary, and E. J. Bein, superintendent. 
with the patentee, a large stockholder. 

The beautiful illustration seen on this page speaks of the 
merits of this wonderfully unique invention, in a language not to 
be misinterpreted or misunderstood, and even so in the photos of 
the officers, there is in every face that look of a determined 
purpose and remarkable will power seen at a glance in the 
likeness of the successful business man. 




AMONG the 
which are tlie 
outputs of the 
genius of New- 
arlc men, there 
are few, if in- 
deed any, which 
have added 
more to the real 
comfort and 
pleasure of the 
housekee per 
and uses of the 
people in gen- 
eral, than the 
patent roller of 
Stewart Harts- 
horne, the great 
m anufacturing 
es t ablishment 
of which is seen 
on this page, 
and is conduct- 
ed by himself. 




IN 1S37, Samuel C). Crane, whose photo is one of the illustrations 
on this page, came to Newark with the object in view of 
making this growing industrial centre his home. Even at that 
early day, Newark had a name and fame which was far-reaching, 
and there were few places that were better known for the great 
variety of its manufacturing interests. Mr. Crane had already 
learned the carriage-making calling, and at once went to work at 
his trade, and kept his eye open for business chances for himself. 
After three or four \-ears he opened up the industry of bending 
woodwork for carriage builders. Indeed he was the founder of 
that branch of Newark's varied industrial pursuits. After con- 
ducting the business for some years, he was joined by a Mr. 
Bedford, and the firm became Bedford & Crane. 

He then became interested in the quarry business with George 
Brown. In 1S62 he sold out to A. G. Wheaton and return- 
ed to his old 
carriage or 
wheel - making 
business in con- 
n ec ti on with 
George Neefus. 
After several 
other successful 
changes Mr. 
Crane, though 
now well up in 
years, is e n- 
gaged in intro- 
ducing Wil- 
son's, a t h o r- 
o u g h 1 y good 
and popular, 
fire escape, with 
a view of organ- 
izing a stock 
company for its 
m an u f ac ture 
and sale. 

OX THIS page may be seen the photographic likeness of 
Alexander Turnbull, deceased, who was for man}- years 
connected with the carriage making industry of the city of 
Newark. He was really an expert carriage maker, having learned 
his trade in his father's workshop. The industry which he con- 
ducted was established by his father, Mr. James Turnbull. in 1S19. 
For nearly half a century this princely man was honored and 
respected, and few men were more deeply mourned when he died. 


{ \ 

Pl*5^- % 

I ^ 


"^r^ i"^^5M| 


■!t - ■*T.-^ 







FEW industries carried on in the city of Newark have so many 
really satisfying attractions as that conducted by the enter- 
prising young men, Charles Joy and Alfred E. Seliger, in the 
elegant buildings covering the plot of ground extending from 
Nos. 53 to 57 Xew Jersey Railroad avenue, a beautiful illustration 
of which appears on the pages of this work. They conduct the 
business of manufacturing novelty goods from aluminum, white 
metal and brass, into an immense variety of styles, classes and 
patterns of goods, for an almost multitudinous number of pur- 

department of the well-known Riley & Osborn Manufacturing 
Company. Into the business they brought but little capital, but 
had what served them perhaps far better, plenty of pluck and 
vim, and a full up and running over measure of determination to 
win. Brawn aud brain were their active and reserve forces, and 
as the happy result shows, both were used to e.xcellent purposes. 
But their's was a notable example that in business all is not fair 
sailing; the craft may be gliding along before the fair and favoring 
breeze, the sails swelling in such a beautiful and satisfying way 




poses, consisting in part of evcrj-lhing in the toilet line, a great 
variety of millinery goods, photo frames of many styles and 
patterns, ornamental mirrors, photograph and other albums, 
photo frames, patented elastic belts for both ladies and gentle- 
men, fancy metal cases and bo.xes of every description, and many 
other articles in the fancy goods line. 

The legal style and title of the conductors of this industry is the 
Joy & Seliger Company, of which Charles Joy is secretary and 
treasurer, Alfred E. Seliger is president, and Charles Henry 
Batkin, superintendent, with J. H. Dreyfuss. chief of office. 

The Joy & Seliger Company began the manufacture of novelties 
in 1S90, Charles Joy and Alfred E. Seliger joining hands in the 
purchase of the plant of the Newark Fancy Goods Manufacturing 
Company. It was the first business venture of the young men. 
Mr. Joy left the teller's window of the Manufacturers' National 
Bank, and Mr. Seliger the post of manager of the fancy goods 

but there are hidden rocks and shoals beneath the calmest of seas 
Their gallant industrial ship was heavily laden with goods for the 
holiday trade, and under full sail to meet the markets of the 
world, wide open to greet them, when the cry of fire in the old 
Walsh building, where they were located, compelled them to 
suddenly tack ship and seek another harbor, trans-ship their plant 
and set sail anew. The bud of promise which was opening up so 
beautifully for its future (wonderful) fruition was checked for a 
while, but with such spirits at the helm, and on the bridge, it 
didn't take long to conclude the purchase and fit for their purpose 
their present imposing, capacious and convenient quarters. 

With that quick perception for which they are noted, they saw 
in the building at the^orner of New Jersey Railroad avenue and 
Hamilton street just what they wanted, and unhesitatingly 
purchased it and began the work of refitting for the purpose of 
carrying on their growing industrj- within its walls. By working 



double gangs of men, and pushing it night and day, the remodel- 
ing went on as if by magic, and in a very much shorter time than 
would seem possible, the beautiful structure, a photo engraving 
of which is here presenied, was ready for occupancy. In fitting vip 
the building they have spared no pains or necessary expense, and 
it is safe to say, considering all things, that in its sanitary and 
heating arrangements, and for convenience in all respects, and 
for the comfort of the employees, it has few if any superiors. Our 
artist has done a superb piece of work in the photo engravings of 
Mr. Joy on the left and Mr. Seliger on the right, surrounded by 
representations of samples of their novelties in such manufactured 
products in all their elegance. With such consummate skill is ihe 
arrangement made, and so evidently careful in every detail has 
the artist been, that the picture as a whole is worthy of the very 

all appliances, the fruit of the genius of the best mechanics in the 
country, to assist them, it is quite impossible to meet the great 
demand, and in order to increase the supply, they have already in 
contemplation a very great enlargement of their new works, and 
of course this means an expansion of business and a large increase 
in the number of employees, so the point of success which they 
may finally reach is hardly conceivable. 

When the fortunate readers of this art treasure, known as 
Newark, N. J., Illustrated, casts his eyes over the illustrations, 
and sees the faces of the managers of this novelty industry, they 
will naturally wish to become better acquainted with the men and 
their history. That they may not be altogether disappointed, a 
short sketch for their perusal is herewith given. 

Charles Joy, the secretary and treasurer, is the son of Charles 


highest commendation. Altogether the new building of the Jo)- 
& Seliger Company is a model of completeness and commodious- 
ness, and does great credit to their pluck and enterprise. They 
deserve a trade that will make even their present almost 
unlimited facilities seem inadequate, and it is earnestly hoped 
that they will get it. 

Such a phenomenal success as has marked the career of this 
young firm, is indeed remarkable. It is intensely pleasant to 
record the fact, that in less than three years the output of their 
industry in the exceeding beauty, high quality and attractive 
appearance of their goods, is giving them the call in the markets 
of the world. Such a universal demand is creating everywhere, 
they find it difficult, even with their corps of from 135 to 150 em- 
ployees, and the finest automatic machinery, stamps, dies and 

Joy, who died in 1S73, and a brother of the late Colonel Edmund 
L. Joy. His a Newarker to the manor born, and is now, in 1893, 
about thirty-two years old. He was educated in the Newark 
Academy, under Dr. S. A. Farrand, graduating from that insti- 
tion in iSSS, and is now the president of the Acadamy Alumni 
Association. After leaving the academy he entered the Manu- 
facturers' National Bank as a subordinate clerk, where he remained 
tinder the instruction of Gen. Plume, soon rising from one grade 
to another, till he became the paj-ing teller, which post he resigned 
on going into business for himself. Besides keeping a close 
watch over the minute details of his manufacturing business, he 
acts the part of a good citizen by doing his share in the several 
lines. His honored father was long a deacon in the First Baptist 
Church, which is now the Peddie Memorial, and Charles is the 



IHK Jl>V .t SELl' 

Sabbath-school superintendent, having been his on-n unanimously elected 
successor from year to year for eight years. The school numbers about 600 
pupils, all of whom love and respect their superintendent. It will be remem- 
bered that Mr. Joy is the Sunday-school superintendent who, while looking 
into the muz/le of a pistol, plucklly drove out the Sabbath-breaking Sunday- 
school disturbing rowdy who came into his school some years ago with intent, 
as he said, to do it up. but was fortunately done up himself by Superintend- 
ent Joy, who promptly ejected him Mr. Joy is also a member of the Board 
of Trade, and takes great interest in the affairs thereof. He is a niembu: 
and sergeant of the justly celebrated Essex Troop, and isn't afraid that his 
friends shall see that he takes pride in his military skill and soldierly bear- 
ing, and is also major of the popular Frelinghuysen Lancers. 

Alfred E. Seliger, the president of the Joy & Seliger Company, is a Prussian by birth, and has been in the business since boyhood. 
He is a thorough mechanic, both practical and theoretical : a graduate of the high technical School of Leipsic and Montjoie on the 
Rhine. After working for a while in Berlin. Eupen, Hanover and Goettingen. like many of his brothers, he bade adieu to the 
fatherland and turned his face toward the setting sun. On his arrival in this land of promise he stopped a short time in Baltimore, 
then came to New Vork, where he obtained employment at once a< superintendent of the fancy goods department of the Berlin &• 
Jones Envelope Company. After this he stopped a few years with the Elliott Manufacturing Company, as manager. Better 

advantages offering, he accepted a position as manager of the fancy goods department 
of the then well-known Riley & Osborn Manufacturing Company, and came to Newark. 
His early career and the ease with which he obtained employment in a strange land 
and among strangers, gives a notable demonstration of the great value of a technical 
education to a young man starting out in the world. Thrice armed is he who is well 
grounded in the theory of his calling. While Mr. Seliger keeps the business close in 
hand, scrutinizing every detail with untiring care, and with a push and vim which is a 
part of his strong but elastic nature, lie keeps the fire of business success brightly 
burning. Like his partner he has a social good nature, and loves his lodge, for he is a 
bright Mason and well up in the workings of the mystic art. He is a director ui the 
Board of Trade, an institution which he delights to honor, all the workings of which he 
studies with much interest. He is also president of the Columbus Market Company 
of New Vork. While Mr. Seliger, as it is easily seen, is a very busy man, he never 
forgets his soldierly instincts or martial bearing, or that he is a Prussian. That he 
may keep bright the memory of Moltke and Kaiser William he is a member of the 
popular Essex Troop, and is an ex-caplain of Company G, Eleventh Regiment, Xew 
Vork State Militia. 

Charles Harry Batkin, the polite and efficient superintendent, is a native of Birming- 
ham, England, and has been a member of the firm from the beginning, and upholds 
his part right manfully. 

The members of the firm are all gentlemen, and it is pleasant to meet either of them 
in their elegantly fitted up offices, whether for business or to have a little chat. As 
they Hit through the factory and are always busy as busy can be, they never are in 
such a great hurry that they haven't a moment for the amenities. 

Besides the home offices at the works in New Jersey Railroad avenue, from 
N'os. 53 to 57, they have extensive salesrooms at No. 634 Broadway, New York, 
and at Nos. 133 to 13; Wabash avenue. Chicago, and at No. 13 Wellington street. 
East, Toronto, they maintain their extensis-e Canadian sales establishment. Thus from 
these storehouses and salesrooms of the output of the Joy & Seliger Company of 
Newark, N. J., go forth to meet the demands the trade of the world. 

I Ilk J. .vs. uOl.tMllUS CLOCK. 

ihi'8^^?;Tr- ,; '^; 


THE JOY .■!; SELIGKK LAUlbs bfcLi, f.A i t,:-. i ;-.o. igi.ijS? AND NO. 200.561. 


WORLD'S FAIR TRI.VKET BOX, I'AT. JAN. 10, 1893. 2213. 




ABOUT the year 1853, Mr. John M. Riley came to this 
country from England. In 1S57 he began manufacturing 
in a small way, satchel and trunk hardware, and other small 
articles from metal, in the basement of the Kremlin Building, 
Broad streeet, opposite William. A short time afterwards 
he moved to the Franklin Building, corner High and Mill 
streets ; from there he moved to North Broad street, thence to 
Essex street, and from there to the Hedenberg Works. In 1S6S, 
whilst manufacturing in Mechanic street, he was burned out. 
During that same year, Mr. P. P. Lynch, an employee of Mr. 
Riley, was admitted to partnership, and the firm became Riley & 
Lvnch, and so continued until the death of Mr. Lynch in 1883. 

Riley-KIotz Manufacturing Co., a company of which our city may 
justly be proud. The purchasers entered into possession of the 
property on the gth day of March, iSgi. The officers of the com- 
pany are Samuel Klotz, president ; Thomas Nichols, vice- 
president ; William M.Clarke, treasurer; Theodore J. Gerth, 
secretary ; B. J. Riley, superintendent. A number of the 
leading business men and capitalists of Newark are among the 
stockholders. The directors are Samuel Klotz, William M. Clarke, 
Thomas Nichols, Theodore J. Gerth, Edward H. Duryee, John 
D. Harrison, Lewis J. Lyons, William H. Davol, Carl A. Leh- 
mann, Thomas J. Regan and Bernard J. Riley. The capital 
stock is $200,000 

The new firm recognizing that to Mr. J. M. Riley, more than to 
any one else, was due the fact that the business had grown from 


After the fire in 186S, they moved to Division place, occupying a 
portion of the building now occupied by the present company. 

On the death of Mr. Lynch, the firm was changed to Riley & 
Osborn, and so continued until it was merged into a stock com- 
pany, under the title of the Riley-Osborn Manufacturing Co , and 
continued as such, growing to immense proportions, until January, 
i8gi, when, owing to dissensions between partners, the entire 
concern was thrown into the hands of a Receiver, Hon. J. Frank 
Fort having been appointed such by the Court of Chancery, on 
petition of the partners, January 16, iSgi. 

On the 14th day of February, William M. Clarke, Thomas 
Nichols and ISIajor Samuel Klotz, three well-known business men 
of Newark, made a proposition to the Receiver, to purchase the 
entire plant, real estate, tools, stock and machinery. The propo- 
sition was accepted by the Receiver, and the Chancellor con- 
firmed the sale. Thus came into existence what is now the 

nothing to a great industry, retamed the old gentleman in their 
employ in an advisory capacity. 

The buildings occupied by the company are located at Nos. 1 7 
and 19 Mulberry street, and 8. 10, 12 and 14 Division place, 
having a frontage of 40 feet on Mulberry street, and a depth of 
100 feet on which there is a si.x-story brick building, one of the 
best constructed manufacturing buildings in the ci y of Newark. 
They have a frontage on Division place of 100 feet, and a depth 
of 123 feet, which is entirely covered with a four-story brick 
building, except a small court in the centre. 

The entire factory is equipped with the best machinery that 
can be secured for the purposes for which they are used. It is 
claimed that over $300,000 have been invested in tools and 
machinery alone. The total floor space of the factory is more 
than 75,000 square feet. 

It would be impossible to numerate even a small portion of the 



Bait •*>f?Sr»-, 




articles made by this company. It is claimed that the numbers 
run to over seven thousand. They make bag and satchel frames 
and trimminjjs and trunk hardware, metal campaign goods of 
every description, toilet and manicure sets, all sorts of metal 
fancy goods and novelties, military and society goods : sample 
case and trimmings, album and Bible clasps and mounts, fancy 
box handles, hinges and ornaments, ladies' belt buckles and 


trimmings, metal buttons and cloak clasps, millinery ornaments, 
fancy brass ornaments for mounting. Specialties in fancy 
stationers' goods, match holders, thermometer stands, smokers' 
sets, whisk broom holders and handles ; fine lamps and bronzes, 
fine art metal goods in cast brass and bronze, musical metal 
goods, band lamps and cornet mutes, metal dog collars and dog 
collar trimmings, bridle front chains and bands ; hardware 

specialties, pocket, hand and 
dark lanterns, metal numbers 
and letters, the Star patent 
oiler and engineer's lamp, in 
short, anything or practically 
everything that may be made 
from metal. 

The new firm have been very 
successful, and to-day the busi- 
ness stands as one of the 
greatest industries in the city 
of Newark, employing when in 
full operation, between three 
and four hundred people, and 
paying in wages more than 
$125,000 per annum. Their 
goods are sold throughout the 
entire United States and Can- 
ada, and markets have been 
lately reached in some foreign 
countries. The New York 
store is at No. 529 Broadway, 
corner Spring street. 




THERE is perhaps no one interest in Newark 
to-day which has shown such a healthy and 
continued growth as the brush business. The 
manufacture of high grade brushes constitutes a 
very important industry. The establishment of 
Dixon & Rippel is not only the most prominent, 
but is also the oldest established in this city. In 
the year 1S57 this house was founded by Mr. 
Edward Dixon, the senior partner of the present 
firm. In 1866 he admitted Mr. "SV. Di.xon to 
partnership, and the firm became known as E. & 
W. Dixon. In 1S91 the above firm dissolved and 
Mr. Edward Dixon continued the business under 
the name of Newark City Brush Manufactory. A 
few months later Mr. Albert A. Rippel was 
admitted to partnership and the firm became 
known as Dixon & Rippel. 

Mr. Edward Dixon, the founder of the firm, is 
an old citizen of Newark. He is a practical 
brush maker, and has been actively identified 
with the brush business in this city since 1S52. 
The old sign (Newark Brush Factory) can still be 
seen on top of the factory building, at Nos. 50 
and 52 Market street. 

Mr. Albert A. Rippel, the junior partner, is a 
native of Newark, and has been actively identified 
with the brush industry since iSSo, having grown 
up in the business from boyhood. He represents 
•what is called young blood in business, and since 
his connection the firm has experienced a 

continued increase in business. He is one of the few men who are to-day called successful salesmen. The high grade brushes 
manufactured by this firm are fast becoming celebrated for their superior construction, durability and practical working qualities. 
Always using the best materials, and combining the highest mechanical skill with thorough experience, they feel confident in 
claiming to produce the best brushes in the market. This firm enjoys the distinction of carrying on a general brush manufacturing 
business. They are not confined to any one particular branch, but manufacture everything in the line. Their trade in consequence 






is very large, and extends all through the United 
States and Canada. 

Mr. Rippel personally attends to the business 
on the road, and also directs the movements of 
other salesmen which the firm employ. 

The firm occupies the entire building at No. 30 
Market street, and also part of No. 52. It is four 
stories in height. The salesroom and office 
occupy the first floor. The second floor is the 
stock room. The third floor is the jeweler brush 
department. The entire upper or fourth floor is 
devoted to the general manufacture of brushes. 
They also occupy a floor with power in the 
Hedenberg Works, where all the boring, sawing 
and woodwork is done. Every facility is em- 
ployed pertaining to the business, and the ser\-ices 
of about thirty-five to forty workmen are required. 
They are the sole manufacturers of the Dixon & 
Rippel Patent Leather Varnish Brushes, standard 
numbers 30 and 70. The line of goods manufac- 
tured embraces brushes for jewelers, silversmiths. 



men of quick business energy, and have a 
practical knowledge of the business they are 
engaged in. They have a high reputation for 
honesty, and fully merit the confidence which is 
continually being placed in them. The stamp of 
Dixon i: Rippel on a brush is of itself a sufticient 
guarantee of its superior workmanship and cjuality. 
The illustrations on these two pages will convey 
to the reader a general idea of this imijortant 
industry-. The cuts represent only a small part 
of their plant, which is now being operated to its 
fullest capacity. The firm contemplate making 
extensive improvements in the near future, which 
will enable them to largely increase their business. 
Employing every facility pertaining to the busi-, it is not surprising that the firm should have 
a national reputation, and should hold an enviable 
record in connection with^their prompt, accurate 
and satisfactory dealing. The photographs of the 
proprietors will be readily recognized as represen- 
tative business men of Newark, who have the 
interest and general welfare of the city at heart. 

dentists, platers, watchcase makers, metal 
workers, leather workers, hatters, oil cloth, 
saddlery hardware, shade-cloth and wall paper 
manufacturers, in fact everything in the shape of 
brushes used in a manfacturing business. 

The firm has also added what is called a paint 
line. It embraces brushes for painters, vamish- 
ers, kalsominers, paper hangers and artists. The 
success attained in this line is remarkable. The 
firm now claim to produce brushes which are 
superior to any in the market in this line. 

They constantly have on hand a large stock of 
manufactured brushes from which consumers can 
select. All orders which have to be made up 
specially are promptly attended to, and filled as 
soon as possible. 

The stock and variety of household and toilet 
brushes on hand is also large. The firm does 
both a wholesale and retail business, and con- 
sumers find it to their advantage to deal with 
them. Messrs. Dixon & Rippel are both gentle- 

ixti;kiu.< view, bokini;, sawin(; ash wuoiuvukk uepaklsien r. 




PRIOR to 1S40 all carriage wheels were made by hand by the 
carriage makers of the country, without the aid of any 
machinery whatever, the spokes being shaved out by hand, the 
hub morticed by hammer and chisel, and in fact, the whole wheel 
constructed in so slow and laborious a manner that a single set 
was considered an entire week's work for one man. In the year 
1840 S. G. Reed, of Worcester, Mass., established a factory on a 
small scale for the manufacture of wheels as a separate and 
distinct industry. He employed only one man and an apprentice. 
This apprentice, named E. J. Whittemore, learned the trade 
thoroughly and came to Elizabethport in 1855 with his brother, 
O. A. Whittemore and Phineas Jones, and they, under the firm 
name of Whittemore & Jones, established a wheel manufactory, 
which was the first in New Jersey. In 1S56 the Messrs. Whitte- 
more retired, and Mr. Jones conducted the business successfully 
alone until 1S60, when Mr. William H. Baldwin was admitted, and 
the firm name was changed to Phineas Jones &- Co., as at present 
constituted. In i860 the business was removed to Newark, and 
in 1864 their present buildings were purchased, which have been 
enlarged and extended as the increase of business required, until 
they are at present extremely spacious as shown by the above illus- 
tration. From the commencement of business the principle of the 
house has been to make the best constructed wheel possible, and 
to do this by the aid of improved machmery and skill and care of 
manufacture. Phineas Jones was a natural mechanic, and much 
of the wheel machinery in use to-day was first conceived by him. 
The firm of Phineas Jones & Co. enjoy the reputation of making 
the best wheel in the world, and this reputation extends not 
only throughout the entire United States, but also into Canada, 
England, France, Germany and Australia. It is a reputation 
built up and maintained by the greatest perseverance, and has 
been and will be most zealously guarded. The reputation of the 
Jones wheel is of such magnitude, and is so universal, that it is 

an acknowledged fact among the carriage trade that a vehicle will 
sell easier and for a larger price, if the salesman can assure his 
customer that the Jones wheel is under the same. 

For the protection of the buyers of carriages, the house many 
years ago adopted a distinctive style of number, which is 
stamped on the face of the hubs of every set of wheels they 
manufacture. These numbers are composed of straight lines 
only, without curves, and they appear only on the genuine Jones 
wheels. The first grade wheel made is also stamped "Jones' 
Best," for the further protection of the buyer. 

Phineas Jones, the founder of the house, died April 19, 1S84. 
During his life he was extremely popular with all those with whom 
his business brought him in contact. He was prominent in public 
and political life, having represented his district in the State 
Legislature during 1874 and 1875, and in 1880 he was elected to 
Congress from the 5th Congressional District of New Jersey, and 
declined a renomination only on account of failing health. In the 
city'of Newark no one was more highly respected than he, and 
his death was universally regretted. 

The firm at present consists of Mr. William H. Baldwin, who 
has been with the house since 1859, and Mr. Henry P. Jones, the 
eldest son of Phineas Jones, who was admitted in 1875. The 
efforts of these gentlemen have been directed toward further 
increasing the high reputation already earned, and that they have 
done this is shown by the fact that their business is larger and 
the quality of work produced higher than ever before. Their 
annual production is about 20,000 sets of wheels, which are 
shipped to all parts of the world. A striking peculiarity of the 
house, and which will serve better than any other to illustrate the 
business methods and character of the firm, is the long term of 
service of the men employed. Many have been with the house 
for twenty-five 3-ears, and a few for thirty-five years. Father 
and son are often seen working side by side. 


Works ok r.KOKHK HKoWN ,v to , llT SI'ONI. ( ON IKAC 1 OUS, -.111 TO ->ril PASSAIC STRICKT. 


TllIC above cut represents the street front of the stone-cutting 
])lant of Messrs. George Brown & Co.. and is the largest 
and l)est equipped in the city, and in fact there is no stone-cutting 
plant in the counlr/ which is ss well arranged as this for doing 
work quickly and well. The business was started in 1S50 by Mr. 
George Hrown, corner Market and Ward streets, and has occu- 
pied the present location for about twenty years. The yards are 
entirely under cover, and extend from Passaic street to the 
Passaic River, where the rough stone is discharged from vessels 
by a large steam crane on the dock. The entire yard is traversed 
by two traveling steam cranes, seventy foot span, and capable of 
carrying a weight of fifteen tons to any part of the works. 





_, -.1 







The yards being entirely covered, work is carried on contin- 
uously without regard to weather, thus enabling this firm to push 
ahead with their contracts and have the stone stored dry, ready 
for prompt delivery. The machinery consists, in addition to the 
steam crane, of gang and rip saws, planing machines, rubbing 
beds and turning lathes, in fact everything necessary to carry on 
this business as required by these pushing times. 

As samples of the kind of work which is entrusted to the firm 
of George Brown .& Co., we have only to point to the twelve 
story Prudential palace of industrial insurance, which stands a 
beacon of ])rosperity in beauty f>f architectural grandeur, the 
material for which they furnished and placed in the walls. The 
beauiiful building of the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western 
Railroad Company, at the corner of li.xchange Place and William 
street. New York, which they comjjlctcd in the very short period 
of seventy-two days. To the imposing structure on the corner 
of Market and Washington streets, which they can point to with 
equal pride. This building they erected for the United States 
Credit System Company. They number among the many other 
.superb structures which stand to their credit, the Buckingham 
Hotel, the Columbia College buildings, and the General Theo- 
logical Seminary buildings in New York city, and The Mutual 
Benefit Life Insurance building, the Clark residence on Mt. Pros- 
pect avenue, the old Post Office building and the National Newark 
Banking Company in this city. Also the Paterson Savings 
Institution in Paterson, N. J. 

Besides the work of erecting buildings, George Brown &• Co. 
take in the line of monumental work, and many of the richest 
monuments of the Newark cemeteries, as well as those of 
Greenwood, Woodlawn and Trinity cemeteries, in New York, 
have been turned out by this firm. Among the many beautiful 
monuments this firm have made and erected are the Firemens' 
Monument, Mr. William Clark's, Hon. F. T. Frelinghuysen's, 
Hon. T. B. Peddie's, in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, and Mr. James 
Smith, Jr's., in the Cemetery of the Holy Sepulcher. 

So complete are the arrangements of this firm, in every respect, 
that they are able to turn out work more quickly than any other 



THE firm of A. H. Woodward & Co., consisting of A. H. 
Woodward, of this city, and Charles W. Maxwell, of Pond 
Eddy, New York, was established by its present proprietors in 
1878, for the purpose of quarrying and selling bluestone for street, 
sidewalk and building purposes. In order to supply the largely 
increased demand for good sound material, the firm utilized the 
resources of the Delaware Valley, and quarries were opened 
along the line of the Erie Railroad, which are prolific in supplying 
immense quantities of the finest and most attractive grades of 
bluestone. The principal quarries of the concern are located at 
Pond Eddv, Pike county, Pennsylvania, also Pond Eddy, Sullivan 
county, and Deposit, Broome county, New York. An average 
force of 175 men is employed at these quarries in cutting out and 
handling the stone which is shipped by cargo and by carload to 
all points along the Atlantic seaboard. 

The Newark Bluestone Company dates its inception from 
March, 188S, when it was founded by A. H. Woodward & Co., in 
order to facilitate the advancement of the bluestone trade in the 
city of Newark and suburbs, as well as throughout the State. 

the rise of water had washed away tlie slight earth covering and 
it felt the touch of the footstep of the fisherman or hunter in 
pursuit of fish organic. But the time came when the iron horse 
had penetrated the wild regions where the rich bluestone lay 
awaiting his coming. Capital was not long in pointing out the 
way to the quarry men who stood ready to open the priceless mine, 
and to-day an industry in the bluestone of the mountains is in the 
full tide of a prosperous career. Thousands and thousands of 
cords of great slabs of the precious stuff finds its way over all the 
great railroads, to the yards of the city, the very choicest of which 
reach the extensive yards of the enterprising company under 
consideration, over the Erie Railroad. 

Here in the great saw mills the monster slabs are torn asunder, 
passed to the planers, dressers and rubbers, where they are fitted 
for incorporation with brick, mortar or timber, in the building 
operations being carried on, or to take their place at the curb and 
side of the street, where they make the finest and most durable 
sidewalks in the world. The architect never pleases the fancy 
better, nor satisfies the eye more readily, than when he turns out 
a combination in which bluestone is a component part of the 
building of his work. Bluestone always looks well, whether it be 


This company became incorporated under the laws of the State 
of New Jersey, and the officers are A. H. Woodward, president ; 
C. W. Maxwell, vice-president, and William F. O'Connor, 
secretary and treasurer. The premises occupied by this company 
cover an area of 375 x 225 feet, fronting on Passaic street, opposite 
the Erie Depot, and running back to the Passaic River. The 
stoneyards and docks are literally covered with all kinds of rough 
and dressed stone for building purposes. The mills and cutting 
sheds, located at the north end of the tract, give employment to 
seventy-five skilled and experienced hands ; and as the buildings 
are equipped with the best stone-working machinery, operated 
by steam power, the facilities for producing large quantities of 
rubbed, sawed, planed and dressed stone are apparent. Among 
the well-known local buildings supplied with the product of this 
company, are the Essex County Penitentiary, the American News 
Company, the Fidelity Title & Deposit Co., Messrs. Wilkinson, 
Gaddis & Co's. warehouse, Mr. Gottfried Krueger's residence, 
United States Electric Lighting Company, Mile-End Thread 
Works, and many public school buildings of this city. 

The untold wealth which lies buried in the mountain regions 
of New York and Pennsylvania in the bluestone of nature, is 
indeed fabulous. For thousands of years it rested untouched, 
except as here and there along the banks of rushing rivers where 

in foundation, for trimming, in side walls, or for cap stone, and 
with the brownstone of the home quarries, pressed brick from 
Philadelphia, or common reds from the Hudson. 

Although the bluestone industry is yet in its infanc)% enough 
has already been done to settle the fact of its superior lasting 
qualities wherever exposed to the influence of climate and 
weather, and so far as its qualities of resistance to the tread of 
busy feet of man or beast is concerned, it is beyond question 
superior to anything else yet used, and to use an old but trite 
saying, " it wears like iron." 

Standing at the gates of the bluestone yards of A. H. Wood- 
ward & Co., watching for a few moments the unloading of the 
heavily burthened cars of the Erie, direct from the quarries at 
Pond Eddy, and the loading of the great dra)-s constantly arriving 
with the beautifully dressed and polished stone, a wonder came 
up that would not be satisfied till it had an explanation as to 
where such immense quantities were consumed. 

To this the answer came : " Look abroad over the great city of 
Newark and its surroundings, and away over the State and across 
the Hudson, at the buildings erecting and the interminable art- 
work of sidewalks, and away along the seaboard, already in 
realization of its beauty and endurance, and demanding its 













TO make a declara- 
tion is one thing, 
but to settle a fact is 
another. Sometimes 
mistakes are made in 
the latter owing to 
difficulties surround- 
ing, which are some- 
times left unsettled, 
since their plain, 
honest look, too often 
leads to evidence in- 
volved being taken for 
granted without pro- 
per inspection. In the 
former, mistakes are 
unnecessary and un- 
called for as the fact 
should stand out in 
the full blaze of trutli 
before the declaration 
is made. 

In Newark, N. J., 
Illustrate u, so 
guarded has been the 
pencil of the artist 
and so fortified the 
pen of the writer by 
authentication, that no 
picture or statement 
has found a place 
on its pages but what 

is truthful. Thus, as may be seen at a glance the statements 
made in regard to the cut stone industry of M. Mayer & Son now 
under consideration were gleaned on the spot and will stand the 
test of the most exacting, and bring forth the declaration that not 
half has been told of the magnitude of M. Mayer & Son's stone 
industry as conducted by this enterprising and go ahead firm. 

This business was established in 1S57, by M. Mayer, ,Sr. 
Shortly after, Mr. J. Martin associated under the firm name of 
Mayer & Martin. Since the death of Mr. Martin in 1S80, Mr. 
Mayer, Jr. succeeded and since then the business is carried on 
under the name of Mayer & Son. This firm handles all kinds of 

stone produced 
in the United 
States and 
Canada ; also 
those imported 
from England, 
Scotland a n d 
Among the 
buildings erect- 
ed by this firm 
are A. T. Stew- 
art's Memorial 
Cathedral, ca- 
thedral schools, 
Ijishops r e s i- 
(lence, etc., at 
(iarden City, 
L. I.; Cathedral 
(i the Holy 
Cross and 
Church of our 
Lady of Perpet- 
ual Help Bos- 
M. MAVEK, FOUNDER ton,Mass; Syra- 








cuse Savings Bank, Syracuse, N Y. ; Dime Savings Bank, Emanuel 
Baptist Church, Lafayette avenue and St. James place; Church 
of the Holy Trinity, Montrose and Graham avenues, Brooklyn ; 
J. Ruppert's residence. Ninty-third street and Fifth avenue ; 
Arnold and Constable's residence. Eighty-third street, near Fifth 
avenue ; Isaac Sterns' residence, Madison avenue ; J. Rothchild's 
residence. Fifty-seventh street, between Fifth and Si.xth avenues ; 
Havemeyer building. Church, Cortlandt and Dey streets ; Sol. 
Sayles building. Sixth avenue, between Ninth and Tenth street, 
and various churches in New York City. In this city. Dime Savings 
Bank, Second National Bank, Murphy Varnish Co. building, Hon. 
G. Krueger 
residence, F. J. 
Kastner, Esq. , 
residence and 
a great many 
other buildings. 
The establish- 
ment is located 
on the Passaic 
river, between 
the M arke t 
and Centre 
street stations 
of the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad 
and has all the 
facilities re- 
quired to exe- 
cute large c( n 
tracts with 
dispatch, such 
as diamond 
saws, rubbing- 
beds, planing 
machines, etc. j, ^,^,.j.^_ 




JAMES re:ill\- 

Till-; cut stone interests of the city forms a very important 
industry carried on in the city of Newark. Amonjj the 
enterprising citizens who represent the trade are to be found 
some of the shrewdest and ablest business men in the United 

Prominently connected with the business in this city, for nearly 
forty years has been Mr. James Reilly, whose yards are situate 
on the Passaic river, nearly opposite the Centre street depot of 
the Pennsylvania railroad. 

On this page is seen an illustration of the extensive works of 
James Reilly, as well as the speaking photographic like- 
ness of Mr. James Reilly. the founder of the stone cutting indus- 
try as truthfully represented in the illustration. From quarries 
all over the country the stones are brought in bulk by river and 
railroad, where they under go the preparations necessary for 
fitting them to enter into the great stone structures which are 
growing up under the magic touch of skilled masons all over the 
land. This is done by the help of the lattest and best improved 
saw and polishing tables run by steam, and by the chisel and 
mallet of the practical stone dressers, a large number of whom 
are given constant employment. Something of the extent of the 
cut stone industry carried on by James Reilly can he gained 
by a reference to the buildings, the stone for which have been 
prepared in ths yard of Jam^s Rjilly, viz : 

St. Joseph's Church and St. Vinsent's Academy, Wallace place; 
Wilkinson, Gaddis & Co., Broad and Fair streets; Merchant's 
Insurance Co., Broad street: Wickliff Street Presbyterian Church, 
Boston street and Thirteenth avenue, Newark, N. J.; St. John's 
Church spire. Decker Building, Orange. X. J.; Christ Church, 
Main street. East Orange, N. J.; New Jersey Central depot, Com- 
munipaw, N. J.; U. S. Post Office foundation and Hand Building, 
Scranton, Pa.; St. Agnes Church, R. C, and St. Mark's Church, 
Episcopal, Brooklyn, N. Y.; St. JIary's Church, R. C, Pough- 
keepsie ; Aldrich Court. 45 Broadway ; Columbia Building, 

Broadway and Morris ; Morris Buil ling. Broad and Beaver; 
Clark's Mansion, Ninetieth street and Riverside drive, New York. 
Since the death of Mr. James Reilly, the founder, in i8g2, the 
business has been conducted by his son and surviving ])artner, 
Mr. Charles Reilly, under the direction of our fellow townsman, 
Mr. James Moran, the mason builder. 



Nf.\\Ah'k\ N. /., ri.LUSTRATRD 



Tin-; reader who carefully turns over the illustrated pai;es of this work, and notes the brief ske'ehcs accompanying the 
engravings, will at a glance discern that competition and rivalry has in a large degree played an important part in 
the steady progress of the manufacturing industries of the city. It is met with in all the various interests, and in every 
department of trade it has encouraged and stimulated inventions and enterprises in private as well as in public business. Honor- 
able competition in business may not be the quickest way to success, but after all is it not the surest, the happiest and the best in the 
end ? In this connection the attention of the business community is called to the illustrations displaj-ed on this page. They convey 
some idea of the blue stone industry which at the present time attracts the attention of both owners and builders to the unexcelled 
and admirable durability of this beautiful stone and its adaptabihty for building purposes. When we consider the amount and various 
industrial interests for which Newark is noted there are but few which have come to the fore more steadily or with a greater 

prestige than the stone trade 
business. The demand for blue 
stone material is steadily in- 
creasing. Hence it is not sur- 
prising that capital is being 
invested with considerable vim 
in the quarrying, marketing 
and finishing of this useful and 
durable stone for building pur- 
poses. The young and ener- 
getic firm of Reilly Bros, are 
practical stone workers, with a 
tliorough knowledge of the 
industry in all its In-anches, and 
are prepared to furnish on rea- 
sonable terms at the shortest 
notice, all kinds of mantels, 
hearths, sills, steps, chimney 
caps, coping and every descrip- 
tion of trimmed and cut blue 
stone. They make a specialty 
of setting and laying of side 
walks and curb stones in a 
workmanship manner and are 
prompt and reliable in all trans- 
JOHN K. RKii.i.v. actions. 

1 lloMAS KKll-l V. 

X/:il.lh'A\ \. /.. II.LVSTRATED. 


MONG the prominent stone dealers of the 

city we find none better known than Van 
Stccnberg & Clark, located at the corner 
ot Oj^den and Gouverneiir streets. 
These gentlemen, both of whom 
have been in the bluestone busi- 
ness all their lives, engaged in 
the wholesale business a t 
Westbrookville, N. Y., about 
fifteen years ago. In iSSo 
they came to Newark and 
opened a yard on Passaic 
street, at the foot of Third 
avenue. Here they re- 
mained seven years, when 
they moved to their present 
location. In the meantime, 
by close attention to busi- 
ness, and by fair and honor- 
able dealings, they have won 
the confidence of their customers, 
and their business has grown from 
a small beginning to its ])resent pro- 
[xirtions. The average number of men 
now employed is from thirty to fifty. Blue- 
stone, as a building stone, has of late years 
gained great favor am<mg the architects and jacoh ci.ark. 

builders throughout the country. On account of its 
great strength and durability, together with its beautiful and lasting blue color, it is now extensively used for trimming some of the 
handsomest buildings being erected. As specialties of this firm's work we mention the following : Prudential Building, including 
all bluestone in the building and the spacious sidewalk around it ; The I'nited States Credit System Building, the Ballantine Building 
on Market street, Keigenspan's Brewery, Essex County Brewery, Esse.x County Insane Asylum and Essex County Jail. 

Not only in business circle-; are these gentlemen well known but in social circles as well. Both arc members of the North ICiul Club, 
Mr. Van Steenberg being a member of the B( ard if Governors. He also served the city as Alderman for eight years. 




IN \\A. ages men have endeavored to provide their families 
with a home. From this desire, perhaps, was created the 
master mason or builder Many citizens are enagaged in this in- 
dustry here, prominent among whom is Mr. William H. Goble. 

whose photo 
is given here- 
with. He has 
for years been 
identified with 
the building in- 
dustry of New- 
ark, and is a 
contractor with 
a large e x p e- 
rience in the 
building line. 
He is a worthy 
rcpresentat i ve 
I f the fraternity 
I r master build- 
ers and the 
building trades 
genera Ily, of 
Newark, where 
1 is favorably 
known for his 
industry, integ- 
rity and p e r- 
sonal worth. 

WILLIAM M. (iOlll.K. 

AMONG the most useful citizens of a manufacturing com- 
munity like Newark, are to be found the mason 
builders, who erect the homes, factories, school houses, 
church edifices, and buildings of every form, wliicli adorn the 
streets of the 
city, or add tn 
the convenience 
or comfort of its 
people. Many 
able and enter- 
prising men are 
engaged in this 
calling, promi- 
nent a m o n g 
whom may be 
mentioned Mr. 
James Moran. 
whose photo is 
herewith given. 
He is noted 
among the lead- 
i n g industrial 
men of Newark 
and its suburbs, 
and has ever 
proved himself 
to be a thor- 
oughly conserv- 
ative business 




!■! IWKIO A -\1. l,u\\ AX. V -\\ 

.N I ^.1 l-.AJ 

;,vM 1 I-, W I iK 


THE above engraving represents the Fairmount steam stone 
granite works of Powers & McGowan, and is an admirable 
illustration of what enterprise and business sagacity can accom- 
plish. These enterprising citizens engaged in their present 
industry thirteen 5'ears ago, with little or no credit and a capital so 
small that it would have hopelessly discouraged an^-body not pos- 

sessed of the vim and courage that were characteristic of these men- 
Success, however, has crowned their efforts, and their entire 
attention is given to the manufacture and erection of fine marble 
and granite monuments, head-stones, tablets, statuary, crosses, 
figures and emblematic designs of every description. Estimates 
furnished upon application at the office of the works, Nos. 468 
and 470 South Orange avenue, opposite Fairmount Cemetery, 
Newark, N. J. 


THE name of John E. Westervelt, whose profile is represented 
on this page, has long been associated with the sign industry 
of Newark, he having succeeded to the business established b)- his 

honored father a 
number of years 
ago at Xo. 791 
Broad street, 
where it is still 
carried on. Mr. 
Westervelt is a 
pract i c a 1 me- 
chanic in art of 
manufacturi n g 
artistic signs of 
all kinds, and is 
among the lead- 
i n g e.xponents 
of this art. He is 
one of the sur- 
viving veterans 
of the late war 
having served 
his countr}' 
with honors in 
the Twenty- 
sixth New Jer- 
sey Volunteer 
JOHN 1- . \vi;-i LKVELT. Infantry. 


CHARLES PFEIL, house, sign and fresco painter, paper 
hanging and kalsomining, No. 68 Mechanic street, is the 
enterprising gentleman whose portrait is herewith given ; a me- 
chanic in every 
sense of the 
word in t h e 
trade he so ably 
represents. The 
premises occu- 
pied are spaci- 
ous and com- 
modious. Only 
skilled work- 
men are em- 
e m ployed. A 
large assort- 
ment of the 
finest wall 
papers are kept 
in stock. Mr. 
P f e i 1 has at- 
tained a repu- 
tation for ex- 
cellence of 
work, and 
makes a spec- 
ialty of church 

■HF --.iilf'"''' MB!!!^ 



TheStar Heelplate Co 

THE Star Heel Plate Co., 
(Sacks and Richmond, 
proprietors), are the leaders 
of the class of goods as 
manufactured by them, prin- 
cipally among the list 
being standards and lasts, 
combination lasts and heels, 
stiffeners and plates, at the 
same time they add a new 
industry- to the city. Their 
trade extends from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, and 
as a number of articles man- 
ufactured by them are cov- 
ered by patents, it enables 
them to retain sole control 
of a valuable line of goods, 
including the gem or work- 
man's friend, a valuable 
article for families t<> repair 
their own shoes. Their ex- 
tensive works are located at 
Nos. 63 and Si Polk street. 

W 'kK^ ft i MK SI AK HI 1 i. 




MR. FRANK D. PELLt), whose portrait is herexviih given, is 
manager of the Metropolitan Manufacturing Company for 
this city and State, and is one of the foremost men in the install- 
ment business. He is lenient with good customers, but hard on 
those who try to beat the company. He is a prominent Mason, 
is a Knight Templar and a Noble of the Mystic Shrine and a 
member of other social organizations. 

MR. CHARLES E. LONG, whose photo, is herewith given 
has for the past quarter of a century been identified with 
the F. W. Devoe & Co. Varnish Works, of this city, as superin- 
tendent. Mr. Long is a veteran of the war for the Union, having 
served honorably in the gsth New York Volunteers, and is at 
present a member of Garfield Post, No. 4, G. A. R.. Department 
of New Jersey. 

FR.\N"IC I'. riiLl.u. 




FEW industries carried on in the city of Newark require a 
greater amount of skill than the work of embroidering. In 
some of the samples turned out by H. 
Bornemann at his Newark Embroider- 
ing Works, Nos. 7S lo 84 Shipman 
street, there is a delicacy of pattern 
and perfection in figure, style and 
finish which are indeed charming. We 
are privileged to show an illustration 
on this page of Newark, N. J., Illus- 
TR.vrEU, from which, as a study, many 
very interesting and instructive facts 
may be learned, that the reader might 
otherwise fail to glean from other 
sources of information. 

The industry was established ten 
years ago &nd has grown to its pres- 
ent large proportions under the push 
and vim of its present proprietor, 
who is also the founder, and few 
among our great manufacturing con- 
cerns have taken better pains than 
this, to have the very best of me- 
chanics and artisans in their employ, 
to obtam the latest improved and 
very best machinery as their help 
meets, and to turn out a higher grade 
of products to meet the markets of 
the world and supply the daily 
mcreasing demand for embroidered 

goods. Mr. Bornemann has let none of the means pass which he 
could bring to bear in reaching that desirable end. Among the 
many classes of goods which may be named as undergoing the 
metamorphosing process of embroidery there may be mentioned 
flannels of many grades, velvets, plush, cashmeres, satins and 
other silk fabrics in many colors, styles and patterns, which space 
will not permit to mention. Also corner embroidered handker- 
chiefs in initials or otherwise. 


F THE many products of Newark brains and industry, one 
of the most important is the manufacturing of machinists' 
and plumbers' supplies. It has so 
many branches and ramifications that 
it offers to a man of a mechanical turn 
of mind, e.xceptional opportunities for 
tlie discovery and introduction of 
important improvements. 

The house of William V. Egbert 
& Company has been connected 
during the past eight years with the 
manufacturing of machinists' and 
plumbers' supplies of every descrip- 
tion. The house has been a promi- 
nent factor in promoting these 
industrial pursuits since its establish- 
ment in 1886. The business has been 
successfully conducted at Nos. 35 and 
37 Mechanic street. A photo of the 
founder is herewith given. The firm is 
well-known in the mills, factories and 
shops of the city, and they have an 
extensive trade in general supplies. 


Patrick H. Corish. 

IN A letter written home I))- Gov- 
ernor Carteret, in 16S0, he said, 
" at Newark is made great quantities 
of cider, exceeding (in quality) any we have from New England, 
Rhode Island, or Long Island." The town was then noted for its 
excellent cider, and the city is still noted not only for its choice 
cider, but for the superior quality of its manufactured beverages, 
or " soft drinks " as they are familiarly termed. Among the num- 
erous mineral water manufacturers, the name of Mr. Patrick H. 
Corish, is worthy of mention for the delightful, cool and refresh- 
ing lemon and cream soda, ginger ale, sarsaparilla, birch, rasp- 
berry, pineapple, etc., for which this enterprising citizen has won 
a well earned fame. The business is conducted at Nos. 36 and 38 
Lexington street, where he has erected an admirably equipped 
and well arranged plant for the successful carrying on of this 
important branch of industry. The photo of Mr. Corish is here- 
with given, and 
a single glance 
at which will 
convince the 
reflecting that 
he carries in the 
lines of his face, 
that genius and 
determina t i o n 
which wins the 
victoiy in the 
battle of life, 
hiiwever great 
the truths t o 
unravel, or ob- 
stacles to over- 
come. His 
([uick compre- 
hension led him 
early in his ca- 
reer to manu- 
facture nothing 
but what will 
bear the test of 





\\M. BROWE 8: SON. 

AT THE top of this page the 
reader will find beautifully 
illustrated the interior of the 
chandelier, gas and electric fix- 
ture establishment of William 
Browe & Son, of No. 36 Bank 
street, near Halsey street, New- 
ark, X. J. This firm makes a 
specialty of bronzing and regilding, 
and contracts for fitting dwellings 
with electric bells and lights. 


HARRY \V. SMITH, a photo- 
graph of whom appears on 
this page, belongs to that class of 
Newark fellow citizens, who are 
never content to let their life run 
along in the f>ld rut, but who have 
brain matter enough to not only 
conduct a business successfully, 
but also to take time to delve deep 
in the channels of information and 
go searching among the defiles of 

the mountains and^in the laybrinthian workshops of nature. A 
look at his electrical conduit or electro magnetic invention to 
supercede the cumbersome trolley system of propelling street cars 
will quickly satisfy, that'the.alchemy of his nature is astir and may 
yet startle the world. Successful in business. Harry W. Smith now 
stands at the head of one of Newark's largestmen's furnishing 
goods, merchandizing and light goods manufacturing establish- 
ments, which is located at Nos. 202 and 204 Market street. 



AM( )X(; the successful and progressive young business men ot 
Newark, Morris D. Macknet is a notable instance. This 
gentleman has been identified with the steam heating business 
for some years, and stands at the head of his ])rofession. His 
handiwork is seen in scores of the leading buildings of this city, 
for instance, Peddie Memorial and First Congregational Churches, 
Miner's Theatre, Headley's Trunk Works, and others. He is 
senior member of the firm of Macknet & Kenily, 17 Clinton street. 


M' lUKH D. M.VLKNK 1 . 




THIS firm, whose cuts form the iUustrations on two pages of 
this work, was founded thirty-five years ago by Mr. Edward 
Simon, in a small shop on Market street, with but two workmen. 
Daring the war for the Union his business gradually increased 
through the great amount of, contract work turned out for the 
Government. After the war, his brothers, Samuel and William, 
became associated with him in business under the firm name of 
Edward Simon & Bros., opening their factor}^ on Fair street. In 
iS6S Morris Schwerin became a member of the firm. On account 
of the increase of the industry the firm, in 1S70, built their present 
plant on St. Francis street, which they have continually increased 

made of the great heaps of lumber trunk slats, which tower in your 
presence like young mountains. Second, of what use can such an 
immense variety of materials of all kinds, seen carefully heaped 
on all sides, be in the work of manufacturing such simple articles 
of comfort or luxury par excellence, as are trunks and bags ? And 
third, how can so much and such a bewildering style, form and 
shape of machinery be made use of? In answer, it will be said, 
it is the easiest matter in the world, since everything goes like 
clockwork ; method predominates in every move in the conduct 
of the great concern. At the moment when the signal sounds, 
every operative of the vast swarm is in his place ; the saw wheels 

until at the present time it occupies thirty city lots, with ten 
adjoining lots, on which they store their lumber. In 1885 Samuel 
and William Simon withdrew from the firm, and were succeeded 
by Morris Schwerin and Edward Simon. In 1S90 Edward Simon 
died, and since that time the business has been carried on solely 
by Morris Schwerin. The firm manufactures everything in the 
trunk and bag line, such as frames, clamps, locks, hinges, etc., 
and also do all their nickel, gold and silver plating. Their 
business is very extensive, shipping goods to all parts of the 
United States, the great South American Republics, Spanish and 
British possessions, and even to the cities of Europe, where thej' 
prefer American goods to those manufactured at home. 

The firm has been awarded gold medals at the Vienna Exposi- 
tion in 1873, and the Paris Exposition in 1878, and several 
premiums at the Centennial Exposition. They also manufacture 
their own trunk boxes, their plant being one of the largest in the 
line. A visit to the plant of this great manufacturing concern is 
full of interest. First, you will wonder what disposition can be 

its way through the board like lightning ; the planer sputters its 
way along the length of the rough slat, and from bench to bench 
the torm moves on, from hand to hand, till the finished trunk or 
bag is in readiness for packing or shipment. As the numbers of 
finished bags and trunks take their alloted place which the skilled 
packers know so well where to find, and they always have room 
for another and another, as in almost endless succession the 
making, finishing, packing and carting away goes on, the latter 
accomplished on huge vans, where hundreds, yes thousands, go 
out daily, piled high behind the patient horses, which, with the 
ever busy drivers, shippers and handlers start them away to the 
railways and steamboats on the first stage of their journey to the 
busy commercial marts of the world. What to the novice would 
appear, as the van with its towering load moves by, as a single 
trunk or bag, may be but one of a " nest " of a dozen or more, 
graded in size from the grandest, huge Saratoga, filled with com- 
fortable apartments, (with rooms to let) along down to the wee 
little boxy of a trunk, in which to pack the dolls, fine fixins', etc 



In looking over the finished products as they enter the packing 
department, where the higher grades are carefully covered with 
a coarse but soft grade of cloth, to guard against the almost 
inevitable certainty of destructive marring of the costly leathers 
with which they are covered, during their transportation to 
distant places of sale and consumption, the wonder grows as to 
how it is possible to reach such a rich consummation of results as 
are so fully demonstrated to follow the track of this industry- as 
carried on in this great concern of Edward Simon ^- Bros. 

In timber growing sections of the country, and where sawing 
mills abound, there are found those which make a specialty of 
trunk slats, which such great trunk manufacturing establishments 
as this of Edward Simon & Bros, use sc > largely as to make the 
supplying of these simple parts a business in itself, yet very 
indispensable necessities are these to the conduct of the work of 
trunk making. Although not deeply interested, yet a by-stander, 
as he sees the great loads of these slats in the rough, pa.ssing into 
the yards of the company, will be set to thinking where they all 
come from, as the line of drays and carts, unbroken, moves on. 
So with the lumber, which goes into the naked boxes or frames, 
some of which is sawed thin to meet the want in the forest mills, 
while the larger proportion goes through the sawers and planers 
in the factory. The call is not alone on the timber land but the 
rames of our Northern New Jersey, where the iron ore has been 
pocketed away for centuries, must be called upon for her contri- 
bution in the cords of hooping materials to keep the parts 

•.Ml -' -!!■ MTINi . 1. \... 

together, as also for locks, hinges and nails and multiplicity of 
other uses to which the iron of the country is applied. 

Not yet satisfied are the gormandizing propensities of this great 
industry-, but some of the more than three score tanneries which 
have their homes, housing and yards in Newark, must be called 
upon to supply their share of the material, or else there could not, 
nor would not, be any of the more finished, richer and costlier 
outputs of the trunk industry carried on. The leather to cover 
and beautify the larger proportion of the better grades of trunks 
must be forthcoming, and then to Ije utilized it must pass through 
the wonderful splitting machines and feel the delicate touches of 
the embosser, which leaves its artistic evidences where they may 
be seen and admired as marvellous samples of the handiwork of 
genius. Not yet has there enough passed in the kaleidoscope of 
material necessaiT for the trunk's completion, but the brass 
worker and tack maker must join the procession to complete the 
line of march in the endless run which the raw material takes in 
making the journey through all the manipulations in the great 
Simon trunk manufacturing concern, before reaching its ultima 
thule in the finished trunk productions, and goes forth to supply 
the growing demand of the merchant, salesman and consumer. 

The wonderful success which has followed close upon the 
conduct of this great trunk and bag manufacturing business is 
due entirely, since the death of Mr. Simon, to Morris Schwerin, 
whose genius and tact is everywhere manifest. Large quantities 
of the trunks and bags which are the output of Mr. Schwerin's 
factories, go to the g^eat stores at No. 543 Broadway, New York, 
where he keeps employed a large corps of salesmen and clerks, 
busy supplying the trade of the world. 





IX FEW, indeed, of tlie illustrations which make this book an 
art as well as business treasure, has the artist's pencil, sup- 
plemented by the graver's tool, brought out for its pages a more 
truthful representation of any one amon.g the thousands of 
Newark's diversified industrial establishments, than in the beau- 
tiful pen sketch here seen of the great brick structures in which 
is housed the trunk and bag manufacturing industry of William 
O. Headley & Son. 

This property passed into the hands of the present owners and 
occupants some three years ago, the quarters which the}' then 
occupied, and which had been the home of the industry for more 
than a quarter of a century, becoming all too contracted for the 
rapidly expanding business of the firm of William O. Headley & 
Son. They must needs have more enlarged quarters to meet the 
growing demand for the popular brand of goods which they 
manufactured. After the purchase was made b)' Mr. Albert O. 
Headley, the present sole proprietor, an immediate renovation 
and improvement of the old building took place, and an immense 
new factory building, 80x150, and six stories above ground, with 
extensive basements and attics, was erected. When all was 
finished and the great buildings furnished with all the latest and 
best approved machinery 
and appliances for the 
making of trunks and 
bags, and the entire 
paraphernalia of the old 
establishment, which was 
the result of a more than 
thirty years' ingathering 
by the founder of the in- 
dustry, William O. Head- 
ley, now deceased, who 
was a connoisseur, in- 
deed, in all the machines 
and appliances which had 
a tendency to speed the 
work and add to the 
qualitj', beauty and util- 
ity of the trunk and bag 
industry, was removed to 
the new home, only a few 

\-ards away, but over the old familiar Passaic, which had flowed 
by the east windows of the old building, on its way to the ocean 
and back again, and which would now flow by the west windows 
of the new Headlej- factory, in its endless round of ebb and flow. 
Everything being in readiness, with steam up in the great boilers, 
made by Lyons & Co., of Newark, and the engine, of one hundred 
horse power, also of Newark make, the engineer and firemen, 
and the more than three hundred of skilled operatives, laborers, 
boys and girls, packers and shippers, are in place when the word 
is given, and the great engine, like a thing of life, moves off on 
its endless round of ruthless toil, and the great industry of trunk 
ancf bag making, peerless in many respects, and with few parallels 
in the industrial world, is again under way and turning out more 
than a quarter of a million trunks and finished bags every j^ear, 
and taking their place in the rapidly flowing streams of supply to 
keep full the great ocean of demand, and yet never gorging the 

Few are they who have in the hurry and scurry of business, or 
even of those who live a life of pleasure, ever taken a moment to 
consider the industry of trunk and bag making, its magnitude 
and bearings, and its great influence on the growth and pros- 
perity of the city of Newark. The reader of the facts recorded 
on this page, devoted to the trunk and bag industry' of Newark in 
general, and of the manufacturing firm of William O. Headley & 
Son, (Albert O. Headley), engaged therein, in particular, will 
doubtless awaken to the fact that the trunk and bag industry forms 
a very important integral part in its manufacturing greatness. 


588BF10ADWAY, M.Y. 

since he will find by a cursory examination onh". that there are 
nearly a score of factories in the city of Newark where trunks and 
bags are made, of which at least one-half are great concerns 
alread)-, and all the rest healthy and growing. 

A few hours cannot be more pleasantly, and we may safely say, 
more instructively or advantageously spent than while engaged 
in a tour of inspection through the great rooms in which the 
trunks and bags are made and wherein is placed such an inter- 
minable maze of machinery, belts and pulleys, as to keep him on 
the lookout for his leader and explainer, and out of reach of 
danger, which seems so suspiciously near on all sides and quite 
menacing. The great variety and immensity of the number of 
processes through which the material is made to pass during the 
various stages which lead up to the perfected trunk or bag, are 
bewildering indeed, to the novice. As the expert or one that is 
thoroughly acquainted with or seasoned to the business, who is 
chaperoning the visitor (for none other is permitted to act in such 
a responsible place) is smiling over our manifestly evident timidit)-, 
is fearless amid the rattle of saws and planers, the bang of 
hammer, the fly of pulleys, or ply of belt, so thick all about us, 
and so carelessly are they responding to the touch of the great 

steam engine dispensing 
its power with might and 
main in its work of assist- 
ing the deft fingers of the 
mechanics engaged in the 
work of converting the 
raw materials used in the 
factory for the upbuild- 
ing of the finished trunk 
or traveling bag. 

Looking at the trunk 
and traveling bag indus- 
tries from the standpoint 
of to-day, the mighty 
changes which have been 
wrought would prove 
startling indeed, to those 
who have never given a 
thought to this particular 
branch of Newark's man- 
ifold manufacturing pursuits. In the good old days of the long, 
long ago, the trunk was made by the individual, and a finished 
production was turned out as the workmanship of a single pair of 
educated hands. All the parts were manufactured on the spot. 

In this branch, like all the others, the changes have been the 
result of steady progress toward which the increasing demand 
for a greater supply must needs be made to meet. 

For their efforts in the upholding of Newark's reputation, and 
for the material aid which Mr. Albert O. Headley (William O. 
Headley & Son) has given, and the marvellous degree of influence 
which this house has brought to bear in the upbuilding of her 
manfifacturing greatness, too much credit cannot be awarded. 

Ever with an eye single to her greatness as a manufacturing 
centre, has this house watched every move in the industrial trend. 
Without these men, men who have ever been ready to defend the 
honor, growth and prosperity of the oXty of the home of their 
industry, and in which they have risked capital and personal 
repute, Newark never could have occupied the proud and leading 
position among the industrial centres of the world that she does 
to-day. All honor then to the trunk and bag makers, and the 
representative men generally, who stand at the head of the many 
other leading industries which have had their homes and housings 
erected here through their choice and influence, and may they go 
on for years m their successful way, adding new lustre to their 
own names and securing that competence which is ever due to 
the men of good judgment who have the push and vim, and who 
never falter in the face of difficulties. 




AS THE hardy old New Englanders pushed their shallops and 
fiat boats up the Passaic and rested on their oars at the 
point where now the great Pennsylvania railroad draw-bridge 
spans its waters, little thought they that such mighty improve- 
ments as now, not only mark the spot, but extend in almost 
unbroken lines for miles and miles in all directions, would greet 
the future. As they doled out in the sternest sense of honor the 
fuiii pro quo to the Indian for the lands purchased, and when 
they constructed their first rude homes, they little thought of the 
magnificence to follow, but like many another they built better 
than they knew. Every appearance indicates that in laying out 
the wide and beautiful streets, and in zealously guarding the 

passengers only), wheeling the wealth of continents and the people 
of nations to and fro, conferring speed and safety to the former 
with the addition of comfort to the latter. More than a dozen 
depots or station houses are scattered all over the city, where the 
trains stop and start, passengers arrive and depart, giving the 
very amplest of acconmiodation to everybody desiring to go or 

The old Market street station which was long an eye-sore to 
Newark's sojourner or traveler, went the way of that at Centre 
street and like that, a new, attractive, capacious and comfortable 
building took its place. Our artist has given a striking picture 
of the same, which we know will be scanned with interest and 
satisfaction, as it appears in all its architectural beauty and finish 
as will also the elegant, large and comfortable waiting room 


li.XTlikluu vii;\v 

.\l,Vlv.<i:r .SlKliliT .SIATIU.S, I'EN'N.SY1.V.\N'I.\ N.MI.KOAli. 

open parks, there must have been an utter abnegation of self, and 
the exhibition of such a marvelous care and forethought for the 
good of others, that they must have had something of a forecast 
of the future. It really seems that they m.ust have felt that 
the foundations of "their infant city were being laid in very con- 
venient, as well as pleasant places, as few cities of the Western 
Continent are so fortunately situated as Newark, to get into or 
get out of. Her situation on the highway of land, commerce and 
travel, at the wide open door of the commercial emporium of the 
great open sea and just in the way of the untold wealth of the 
Pennsylvania and New Jersey mines, rich in coal and iron, have 
tended mightily to her upbuilding, and has made it necessary 
that six great railroads should pass through her streets and by 
her doors, five of which are trunk lines over which nearly a 
thousand trains ply daily (three hundred and fifty of which carry 

thereof which appears on the opposite p.ige both of which 
have been reproduced from pictures taken by our well-known 
fellow townsman, J. Rennie Smith, whose ability in the art of 
photographing is unsurpassed. The company have also provided 
for the safety and comfoitof the traveling public by a tunnel con- 
necting the main depot with the passenger station which does 
away with the necessity of crossing the tracks. 

The truly beneficient ch.aracter of the great steam roads is seen 
in the one fact that thousands who do business in Nev? York have 
their homes, and rear and educate their families in Newark, 
where they can have the advantages of cheap rents, low taxes, 
invigorating air and pure mountain spring water. But little 
more than a half hour of time is consumed in the passage to 
and from. 

Througn many of the streets are already running the swift, 



safe aud capacious electric cars, which have taken the place of 
old tramway horse cars, speed and comfort superceeding the 
slow plodding and tiresome horse locomotion. Progress is the 
word. Not alone do the electric cars bring benizens of comfort 
to Newark, but the outlying suburban towns and growing young 
cities as well. Long before New,\rk N. J., Illustrated, in 
all its beauty and attractiveness shall have been fully read and 
enjoyed, such an absolute institution as the once favorite old 
horse cars will be things of the past and even ancient Belleville 
and royal blue South Orange will have been waked from their 
lethargy and be ready to repeat, " Progress " is the word. 

The State of New Jersej- has reason to be proud of the 
Pennsylvania railroad. The broad corporation arms of "advance 
and improvement" have reached out in all directions, clasping 

tional facilities for our city. Newark's position as a city is envi- 
able. She is so close to the new world's great metropolis that the 
market pulsations of the world are under her finger, and she can 
count their irregular beating, and through the medium of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad's New York Division, her inhabitants can 
at the shortest notice take a train that runs through or connects 
for any point in the States. Think of occupying the position at 
one of the main terminals of a railroad whose rails if laid end to 
end would put a girdle of steel around the earth ; whose coaches, 
cars and locomotives in daily use East of Pittsburg alone would 
reach from Newark to Philadelphia and thence to Lancaster and 
back again ; a line whose yearly gross earnings in Pennsylvania 
State alone amount to $30 for every man, woman and child ; 
whose length of line operated aggregates 12,000 miles of track 

: 1^ ik \-l I w 

>V MA 10-; I I 

X \--VI.\\\NIA 1; 

the State of New Jersey in an affectionate embrace, aiding her 
in the development of her natural charms and supplying her with 
the greatest railroad highway in the world. The far corners of 
this State, in olden times, were a week's journey apart. Now, 
through the enterprise of this line of steel, they are less than a 
day. The produce of the farm, the product of the manufacturer 
and commodity of the merchant are taken up at their doors and 
conveyed to the thresholds of those who need them. 

It is impossible, in the limits of a brief review, to discuss satis- 
factorily all the potentialties that are operating on behalf of the 
continued progression of Newark in trade manufactures and 
population, but that its exceptional transportation facilities have 
much to do with it. is a self evident fact. The marvelous 
improvements made in Newark from a railroad standpoint speak 
eloquently for themselves, yet it is but the beginning of addi- 

built in the best manner, and being constantly improved under 
the ceaseless efforts of the operating department ; whose engines 
are a synonym of stength and power, speed and safety ; whose 
cars are palaces on wheels, embodying luxury and strength ; 
whose trains are under the protection of the finest appliances to 
insure safet}- known to modern railroad science ; whose admir- 
able passenger service is patronized to the extent of carrying over 
78,000,000 passengers per year ; whose freight cars transport 
more than 122,000,000 tons of freight (more than that carried by 
the entire Merchant Marine of Great Britain) per annum ; whose 
management has surprised the world and earned the plaudits of 
the traveler, bj' providing the finest in appointment, swiftest and 
best passenger train on the earth, the "World's Greatest Pass- 
enger Train," the " Pennsylvania Limited." And Newark throbs 
with the growth of prosperity. 


r . I r I VST RATED 



.1. I > I A I !■ r\ 

I ilK l'l-..\N>\ i,\ AMA KAII.KiiAli. 


1\ NICWARK business circles arc tn be found many able, pro- 
liressive and farsijfhted men. but few more so than Mr. 
B. Courlacnder. Jr.. the able representative in this city, of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. Mr. Courlaendcr is the passenger a^fent 
of the Long Branch District of the Pennsylvania system, which 
comprises all portions of New Jersey North of the Camden and 
Atlantic Railroad, with the exception of Jersey City, Hobokcn 
and a few stations on the line of the West Shore Railroad, and all 
reports of passenger business within his district are made tr> him. 
His office is in Newark, at the corner of Broad and Market 
streets, and it is the recognized headquarters in this city for 
information regarding railroad matters. Mr. Courlacnder is a 
thorough railroad man in every sense of the word, devoted to the 
interests of the company he represents and extremely popular in 
in business circles generally. 

J.\Mi:^S K'. SiMITII. 

THKRK are but lew citizens in Newark engaged in the indus- 
trial pursuits who are more highly esteemed for their atten- 
tion to duty, than our fellow townsman, Mr. James R. Smith, a 
photo of whom is herewith given. Kor more than half a century 
this energetic citizen has been connected with the railroad 
business in various positions, and at present is supervisor of 
section B of the Pennsylvania railroad. Along the ever busy 
steel highway of the grand old " Pennsy," from New Brunswick 
to Jersey City, there are employed many old grey haired veterans, 
of the war for the Union, into homes Mr. Smith has sent a 
ray of sunshine. For several years he has been highly compli- 
mented by his superior officers, for the admirable and unrivaled 
condition in which the section of roadbed under his supervision is 
kei)t, thus maintaining the industrial reputation for which the 
citizens of Newark have been noted. 




-• ^ 


N , 









AS EARLV as 1SO3, a movement was started to build a road 
from Newark to Jersey City. A committee was appointed 
to promote the movement, among the most active of whom were 
Isaac Pomeroy, John McGregor, Philetus W. Vail, Thomas 
Agens and J. E. Gaul. 

Early in iS64an organization was formed by the election of Isaac 
Pomeroy as president and J. E. Gaul as secretary. Strenuous 
efforts were now put forth, and the committee succeeded in 
interesting nearly all the business men in the central portion of 
the city, and their numbers grew until over 150 were enrolled. 
The Legislature was petitioned, and in 1S66 the charter was 
granted, being approved March 
I. Courtland Parker, Esq., 
represented the committee 
before the Legislative Commit- 
tee on Railroads as counsel, 
and J. M. Scovel, then Presi- 
dent of the Senate, lent valu- 
able assistance in pushing the 
bill through. 

The incorporators, as named 
b)' the charter, were the 
Messrs. Cornelius Walsh, A. 
Hardenburgh, John McGregor, 
T heodore P. Howell, Edgar B. 
Wakeman, Job Falkenbergh, 
John Hall, Theodore Runyon, 
Benjamin C. Miller, G. Van- 
Horn, Robert L. Smith, 
William Keeney, Isaac Pom- 
eroy, Adolph Schalk, Philetus 
W. Vail, James W. Durand, 
Daniel Demorest and George 
D. Woodruff, all of whom had 
been more or active in 
interesting the people in the 
project and in keeping it promi- 
nently before the Legislature, 
and in securing its passage. 
Supplements to the charter 
were passed in 1S67, 1S70 and 
1871. Immediately after the 
granting of the charter, a per- 
manent organization was 
formed by the election of Hon. 
John McGregor president, 
which position he held until the 
road formally passed into the 
hands of the New Jersey Cen- 
tral Company. The road was opened on July 23, 1S69, though 
the regular running of trains was not commenced until August 2, 
when the first schedule took effect with twenty-nine trains each 
way daily, the first leaving Newark and New York simultan- 
eously at 5.45 A. M., and the last at 11.45 \\ m Within a short 
time numerous changes were made in the running of trains in 
order to meet the wants of patrons. 

The popularity of this line to New York will be noticed from 
the fact that beside the trains being enlarged, their number has 
increased to forty-six each way daily, and in addition thirteen 
trains each way daily are run between West Side Avenue (West 
Bergen) and New York. 

The Elizabeth branch, which connects Elizabeth and Newark, 
was opened in 1S72, and over this thirty trams each way daily are 
run, connecting at Elizabethport for Perth Amboy, South Amboy, 
Matawan, Freehold, Keyport, Red Bank, Long Branch, Ocean 
Grove, Sea Girt, Lakewood, Manchester, Whitings and Atlantic 

City : and at Elizabeth for Plainfield, Dunellen, .Somerville 
Flemington, White House, Lake Hopatcong, Easton, Allentown, 
Mauch Chunk, &c., and at Bound Brook for Trenton and Phila- 
delphia, and all points on the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad. 

Although not intended at its inception for a freight road, it was 
found necessary to embrace this traffic also, and Us success in this 
line is demonstrated by the e.xtension of its tracks and other 
facilities to enable it to handle this steadily increasing traffic. A 
branch has been laid from Brill's Jnnction to the manufactories 
along the Passaic River, in the lower part of the city, connecting 
with the works of the New Jersey Zinc and Iron Works, B. Atha 

CdPt.g.V/ti0PPEI\. iS^^ H0N.Joi+Nl4^(il\EGOR . 



& Illingworth Steel Works, Lister's Chemical Works, Mapes Co. 
Works, etc., along the line of this branch at Plank Road a large 
delivery j^ard is located, tracks have been laid to Butterworth and 
Judson's works, to The Heller &MerzCo.'s works, and a delivery 
yard at St. Charles street, near the East Ferry street depot. A 
receiving and deliverj' yard running from Mulberry street to Ward 
street, has been opened with entrance from both Mulberry and 
Lawrence streets, which compares favorably with any yard in the 
city. Freight is received from and forwarded to every part of the 
United States and Canada, from Maine to California, and no pains 
are spared to expedite its movements or accommodate its patrons. 
The Central Railroad Company of New Jersey was formed in 
1849, by the consolidation of the Elizabethtown and Somerville 
Railroad Co., and the Somerville and Easton Railroad Co., and 
extended from Elizabethport to White House, and having a 
steam boat connection between Elizabethport and New York, 
carrying both freight and passengers. In 1S52 the line was 

.Xl-:U\4RK. X. /., ILLUSTRATED. 


extended from While House to Easton and in 1864, from Eliza- 
bethport to Jersey City. It has since acquired control of the 
Lehigh and Susquehanna road from Easton to Scranton, the New 
Jersey Southern road from Sandy Hook to Bay Side, the Free 
hold and New York road from Freehold to Atlantic Highlands^ 
besides several shorter, though imjiortant lines and has always 
been a favorite road with the traveling public. In connection 
with the Philadelphia and Reading and Baltimore and Ohio 
railroads it runs the Royal Blue Line, the fastest train between 
New York and Washington. It also operates in connection with 
the Pennsylvania railroad, the New York and Long Branch 

Austen H. McGregor, a photo of whom is herewith given, is (me 
of the youngest men at the head of a great mercantile establish- 
ment in the State of New Jersey. He was boni in Newark, being 
the only son of the late Judge John McGregor. After completing 
his educational studies, he entered the clothing business in Newark 
as the junior member of the firm of McGregor & Co., and on the 
death of the senior, became the head of that large establishment. 
Aside from the business under his immediate management, Mr. 
McGregor has identified himself with the material progress of 
his native city, and is a stockholder and otherwise interested in 
some of the most successful mechanical and financial institutions 
of the city, as well as taking an active part in the political and 
social affairs of the State. 

Captain Hopi)er is a Jerseyman, having first seen the light of 
day away up in Bergen county, on the 15th of May, 1839, and is a 
Newark'er by choice and .adoption. He began his business career 
in Newark in 185S, but when he heard the clarion call, like all 
other true patriots, he was ready to offer his life in his country's 
cause. In 1S51 he buckled on his sword, and as captain in the gth 
New Jersey Volunteers, he fought her battles till the close of the 
war in iSO;. He was then appointed as ticket agent for the Central 
Railroad Company, at Liberty street. New York. He was then 
transferred, and for awhile was an e.xtremely popular passenger 
conductor on the Allentown line, from New York to Harris- 
burgh. In 1S69 he was appointed general agent of the company 
at Newark. For nearly a quarter of a century he has filled this 
position with credit to himself and satisfaction to the company. 


OK N. J. 


Mr, S. M. Williams, vice-president of the Central Railroad of 
New Jersey and the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Co,, though 
born in New York city, has been a resident of New Jersey for the 
past twenty years, locating in Roselle in 1S72, and may be 
claimed as a Jerseyman, as his father was born in Sussex county. 
He began his railroad career in 1865, taking charge of what is 
now known as the Rumford Fall and Buckfield railroad, in the 
State of Maine, in the interest of New York capitalists, who 
acquired control of the property. After re-organizing the above 
railrr)ad he returned to New York and was, until 1S81, auditor of 
the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Co., establishing the coal 
depots in this city, so ably represented by our fellow townsman, 
Col. J. E. Fleming. In 18S1, Mr. Williams was appointed auditor 
of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. In 1S82, when the road 
was first leased to the Philadelphia and Reading Co., he was 
appointed by Franklin E. Gowan, then president of that company, 
as assistant comptroller in charge of the lines leased from the 
Central company. He became prominently known throughout 
the State in the celebrated suit of iJinsmore against the Reading 
Company to annul the lease of the Central property, and the Vail 
suit brought for the same purjmse, being an important witness 
in both of these cases as well as in the suit of the Reading 
against the State of New Jersey, growing out of the tax law of 
1884, in all of which his ability and thorough knowledge of railroad 
matters in general were demonstrated. 

In 1887, when the Central resumed possession of its properties, 
Mr. Williams was appointed secretary to the receiver and con- 
troller, managing its affairs during the receivership, and when 
the company was re-organized in 1S88, continued in the service of 
the company as controller, until the lease of the road to the Port 
Reading railroad, in the early part of 1892, when he was 
appointed vice-president of that company, continuing in the dis- 
charge of his duties as such, until the courts of New Jersey set 
aside the lease of the Port Reading Company and directed the 
Central management to resume control of and operate its own 
properties, when he was elected vice-president of the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey and the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal 
Co. , both of which positions he now occupies. 


NlERCHANTs' , Express. 

FOR a few years, prior to eighteen 
hundred and seventy, this now 
great and popular institution had 
been run in a small way, and did net 
show even an inkling of what it 
should be in the future, and it might 
have continued on its same old rutty 
way, had not young Charles B. 
Matthews mightily risked his entire 
capital and bought out the concern. 
Mr. Mathews' friends, (and he had 
many at that early day, for he was a 
decided friend winner even then, at 
twenty), thought it a great venture 
for one so very young to hazard his 
all. Time has told, in this case as in 
many another, who was right and 
who was wrong, presenting but 
another demonstration of the truthful- 
ness of the old adage, " nothing ven- 
tured, nothing had." With the con- 
cern, consisting of three horses and 
desk privileges and signs on his 
hands, Charles B. Matthews threw 
his business banner to the breeze, 
with a fixed determination to win the 
fight, and won it he has, in handsome 

style. The Merchant's express had been conducted up to this 
time as a sort of Castle Garden tender and baggage delivery, and 
had headquarters in Newark and in Church street, near William 
and at No. 167 Washington street. New York. As its founders 
had the assumption to name it "The Merchants' Express," Mr. 
Mathews was not long in determining that in his hands it should 
right early have a fame worthy its honorable name. That he 
meant every word of his declaration has abundant proof in the 
growth of business and its magnificent results. At the end of his 
first five years he is found with twenty horses, comfortably stalled 
on New Jersey Railroad avenue in his own capacious stables, all 
of which are in constant use. The great trucks of the Merchants' 
Express are rattling over the stony streets and working along 
through the muddy lanes, called streets, here, there and every- 
where. The marvellous business tact of Mr. Mathews, and his 




pleasant affable ways kept up the friend-making business at a 
rapid rate, and as the popularity of the Merchants' kept even 
pace, its capacity must needs be enlarged, and we find him at this 
present, 1S93, with seventy-five horses, and a great steam lighter 
with all the other necessary paraphernalia for carrying on the 
great express and transfer business of the merchants. Thus has 
Charley Merchant, as his intimates delight to call him in honor of 
his pet institution, which by his energy, perseverance and excellent 
management he has kept at the head of the line of Newark's 
progressive institutions, and adding some fresh laurels almost 
every year to his growing wreath. In 1SS6, he became the'agent 
for the great Sunset Route of the Southern Pacific Railroad to 
handle their freight, and to do the collecting at the Newark end 
of the line. In 1S8S, he added to his list, Mallery's Galveston and 
Texas Steamship Line ; the Ocean Steamship Company and 
Central Railroad of Georgia, as also the Virginia, Tenncsee and 
Georgia Air Line, via Norfolk, Va., and The Clyde Steamship 
Company; New York, Charleston and Florida Lines, all of which 
he continues to represent at this time, transferring the freights of 
the merchants and the output of Newark's great manufacturing 
establishments to the Erie and the several other railroad depots 
with his huge drays and vans. To the steamship with his commo- 
dious steam lighter, he carries machinery and heavy merchandise, 
without cost to the shippers his quid pro quo coming from the 
great transportation companies he is representing. While Mr. 
Mathews still is a very busj- man and keeps an oversight of his 
immense business, yet, he has eased up very materially from the 
mighty wrestle and rough and ready willing hand methods he 
practiced in " ye olden days " when his business was young. 

The ai'tist who made the sketch, from which the illustration 
above was taken, was manifestly a man of genius, with such 
wonderful accuracy of outline and detail has he executed the 
work. Furthermore he made light the skill necessary to make the 
plate from, which it was transferred to this page of Newark, N. 
J., Illustrated. The very excellent and life-like photo of Mr. 
Mathews seen here, needs no qualification at our hand, any one 
who has ever seen Mr. Mathews will recognize his genial face at 
once and will catch the expression which speaks so plainly the 
word "push." A friendly call in his pleasant office at No. 44 
Oliver street, will find him not unwilling to give a few minutes 
time to your service. 


lllEulHIKb 1. l,AW.-.MK. 



THE express business cf the city is one of the utmost import- 
ance. Messrs. Lawshe's Newark and New York express 
is one of the oldest in Newark, which has, during its existence of 
twenty-eight years, become popular and achieved a most gratify- 
ing success under the untiring and efficient management of the 
proprietors, whose portraits ff)rm the illustrations on this page. 
These enterpri.sing Newarkers have a large number of substantial 
wagons and some of the finest draught horses in the city. Regu- 
lar trips are made each day between this city and New Yf>rk and 
a large business is conducted by the firm, who employ none but 
careful and reliable drivers. Manufactured goods and mer- 

chandise of every description are received at their offices or called 
for and delivered in all sections of the city and country. They 
receive and send goods and merchandise to all parts of the world 
through their connections with other reliable lines. 


Rl'-AUICRS of Nkwakk, X. J. h.i.i sru.M i:ii will turn m;iny 
pages without striking one where the artist has brought a 
representation of a business in finer detail or more clearly defined 
lines, than on this where the Newark and New York express 
of the Mooney's is seen. This illustration speaks a language 
which cannot be misunderstood. 






IF ANY farther evidence was wanted of the fact that it needed 
a man who possessed the requisite amount of vim and pluck, 
and who carried just such a level head as George A. Hall to 
bring the three or four weakling express companies out of the 
drag, it can be found in the marvellous success which has attended 
the career of the Consolidated Express Company into which he 
ingeniously combined all their interests, forcing, as it were, 
strength out of weakness, success out of failure, and rejoicing the 
hearts of the honest men who toiled, but did not win. Out of this 
comprehension grew the consolidation, and on the first day of 
July, 187S, the combine was affected and the Consolidated Express 
Company, of Newark, N. J., was incorporated, and flung a new 
banner to the breeze, with the names of G. A. Hall, as president. 
Park Burnett, Jr., as secretary and treasurer, inscribed thereon. 
Twice a day their line plied between their Newark offices at 15^ 
Fair street, and their New York offices, at Nos. 45 Church street 
and 312 Canal street. It will need but a glance of the ej^e of the 
physiognomist to see in the very excellent photo of Mr. Hall on this 
page the visage of a man of busmess. 


FOR more than a quarter of a century Mr. Arthur Zipf has con- 
ducted a general wagon manufacturing, repairing and horse 
shoeing industrial estabhshment at Nos. 60 to 62 Bowery, corner 
of Oxford streets, where he has built a prosperous trade by doing 
the right thing at the right time, always keeping his word and 
making some of the best wagons ever turned out. When a shoe 
is put on a horse in his shop, it is put on to stay. That those who 
have not the pleasure of knowing Ex- Alderman Zipf, as he is now 
familiarly called, personally, our artist has transferred his photo 
to these pages. It is a speaking likeness, indeed, and shows the 
manner of man he is. While keeping a close eye on his business 
and watching the progress of the wagons, upbuilding, from the 
smoothing of the timber, which must always be the toughest and 
most elastic, to the finishing touches of the painter's brujh, he has 
still been able to find time to represent the people of his ward in 

the Common Council in a most acceptable manner, and is highly 
respected by all who know him, as a progressive and good citizen, 
and a self-made man, who is a credit to the city of Newark, and 
especially to the particular branch of industry in which he is so 
largelv interested. The output of Newark's shops and factories 
are justly celebrated the world over, not only for the fine quality 
of the work done, but for the stering merit of the goods as well, 
and it is just such men as ex- Alderman Zipf, who turn out 
nothing but good, honest work, that have been the means of 
gaining us such an enviable reputation as a manufacturing com- 
munity. The business with which he is so thoroughly identified, 
that of wagon building, is one that is necessary to the business 
of any large city, and affords ample scope for the gaining of a 
high reputation, and Mr. Zipf has become justly celebrated on 
account of the excellence of his work. 





, 1 -.i^iA- 

flj: ffl'S'ffiSiS^."^ ; 



Gl!;ORr,E A. OHL, was born in Hesscn-Darmstadt, Ger- 
many, on May 18, 1839, and came to America in 1854, 
and entered at once upon his apprenticeship as a machinist, 
with the Van Clief Locomotive Works, Trenton. N. J. In the 
latter part of 1859, he was engaged by the Newark Machine 
Company in the manufacture of the Ericsson caloric engine, 
the Seth Boyden hat machinery and the Ball cracker baking 
machinery. On .\pril i, i.S^ji.Mr. Ohl connected himself with 
theHewcs & Phillips Iron Works, this company having the con- 
tract from the State of New Jersey for transforming 30,000 fiint 
lock muskets into breech loaders. These guns were designed 
for and used by the New Jersey soldiers in the late war of the 
rebellion. In 1S64 Mr. Ohl took charge of the tool department 
of the same concern, remaining in this position until the death 
of the late well-known Joseph L. Hewes, October, 1873. Shortly 
after the death of Mr. Hewes. he established business under 
the firm name of George A. Ohl & Co., for the manufacture of 
tools and special machinery. So rapidly did the business 
increase that in 1879 the firm was compelled to build the large 
brick shop on Passaic street, adjoining the I ). L. & W. Railroad, 
where the business of making tools and special machinery was 
continued On October 12, 1884. the partnership as then con- 
stituted, expired by limitation. Mr. Ohl continued the busi- 
ness under the old name of George A. Ohl & Co. , he being 
the sole proprietor. His shop was then located on the 
corner of James and Essex streets, where the business was 
successfully continued for five years. 

In iSgo, the business was incorporated with a capital of 
$i(X),ooo, Mr. Ohl being president and manager. Immediately 
after incorporation, arrangements were made for the erection 
of the present large plant, forming the illustration, at 157-161 

Oraton street, which was started, completed and occupied May i, 
1S90. At this writing the business of (Jeorge A. Ohl &■ Co., is taxed 
to its fullest capacity, in the production of sheet metal workers' tools 
and special machinery, designed and patented by George A. Ohl. 





Newark's S freet Car Service 

THE street railway s\-steiTi of 
the city of Newark and its 
vicinity lias been a regular growth 
during more than thirty years. 
It has passed through the usual 
vicissitudes and has now reached 
a position from which it can be 
developed and extended in all 
directions, from Newark as a cen- 
tre, to meet all the needs of the 
great population which is to oc- 
cupy the territory from the Passaic 
river to the Orange mountains. 

The earliest charter granted for 
any railroad actually con- 
structed in this territory, was that 
of the Orange and Newark Horse 
Car Railroad Company, passed 
March 15, 1S59. Others had been 
granted for roads to Springfield, 
Belleville and Bloomfield, some 
years before, but no action had 
been taken under them. In ifsg, 
the street railroads had been suc- 
cessfully put in operation in Phila- 
delphia, and parties from that city 

took up the enterprise of connecting Newark and Orange. In March, 1S60, charters were granted for the Belleville, Newark and 
Broad Street Horse-car Railroad Companies. These three charters were such as to lead to a conflict of powers and to throw obstacles 
jn the way of any uniform system of street travel between Newark and its suburbs. In the same year, i860, a charter was granted 
for the Newark and Clinton Horse Railroad Company. In the following year, i86i, the charters of the Newark and South Orange 
Horse-car Railroad Company and the Newark and Irvington Horse-car Railroad Company were granted, and in 1863, another charter 
was granted for South Orange, and in 1S67 for Bloomfield and Montclair, the latter charters containing power to connect with and 
run over the city roads to Market street depot upon terms to be agreed on. The Orange and Newark line was first constructed, 
under many discouragements. The Broad street line was soon begun, and finally the Orange, Belleville and Broad street lines were 
practically merged and passed under one control. This consolidation, under the name or the Orange and Newark Horse-car Rail- 
road Company, afterwards passed into the control of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company which owned a majority of its stock. 
Meanwhile the road to Irvington through Clinton avenue had been built and operated, but was afterwards abandoned. And the 

lines to Bloomfield and to Irvington, by Springfield avenue, and also 
the Newark, Harrison and Kearny line had been constructed, and being 
dependent on the Orange and Newark for access to the railroad depots, 
they were found to be unprofitable. The Harrison line was abandoned 
and the Blof)nifield and Irvington lines changed ownership under fore- 
closure more than once, until they passed into the hands of a few enter- 
prising men, who placed them both under the charge of Mr. S. S. Battin 
as president. In 18S4, a complete change took place, which was in fact 
the foundation of the success of the entire system. It was evident that 
in order to make any of the roads profitable the three separate organiza- 
tions must be consolidated and put itnder one control. Accordingly, in 
18S4, the parties interested in the Bloomfield and Irvington roads pur- 
chased the holdings of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company in the 
Orange and Newark companj^ and thus obtained control of all the lines 
except the Newark and South Orange and that part of the Newark and 
Elizabeth line, which ran through the city of Newark. In anticipation 
of a consolidation of all the lines, the charter of the Essex Passenger 
Railway Company had been obtained, which conferred full power to 
buy or lease other roads, and to construct lines anywhere in the county 
with the consent of the public authorities. Under this act a companj- 
was formed to construct a line from Market street. East of the railroad, 
through Union, Elm and Pacific streets, and this company at once 
purchased the abandoned line of the Newark, Harrison and Kearney 
Company, and formed a continuous line from Harrison over the bridge 
to Broad street and through Market to Pacific street. Soon afterwards 
the Essex Passenger Company purchased the entire stock and property 
of the Orange and Newark and the Newark and Bloomfield companies. 
The majority of the stock of the Irvington Company was held by the 
same parties, and it was operated by Mr. Battin as president. Under 
this consolidation, and the excellent management of Mr. Battin the 
THOMAS c. BARR, TREsiDENT N. J. TRACTION CO. Company Steadily increased in efficiency. In 1SS9, it became mani- 




test that electricity could be used 
successfully as a motive power for 
street railways and the Rapid 
Transit Street Railway Company 
was formed by other parties. This 
line had remarkable success. 

In the latter part of iSSy. Mr. 
Thomas C. Barr, of Philadelphia, 
who had proved his capacity as 
president of two street railroad 
companies in that city, had his 
attention directed to the situation 
of the roads in Essex, Union and 
Hudson counties, and formed the 
design of consolidatmg them all 
under one management as far as 
possible. Enlisting inrtuential 
friends in the enterprise and co- 
operating with some of the gentle- 
men who owned the Essex Pass- 
enger lines, he succeeded in the 
early part of 1S90, in organizing a 
new company known as the New- 
ark Passenger Railway Com])any, 
and by purchase and consolidation 
under the laws of the State, this 
company absorbed the whole of 
the Essex Passenger system. In 
April, 1890, all these lines were 
united under the presidency and 
management of Mr. Barr, with 
Mr John N. Akarman as general 

superintendent. Immediately on taking control, Mr. Barr proceeded to equip the Irvington line with electricity and had it in opera- 
tion as the first electric road in the State, in October, iSip. Soon after this electric line was in operation the Rapid Transit line was 
finished and the rivalry and clashing of interests led to much diflficuUy, and threatened to embarass both companies in their plans of 
extension and improvement. But in July, iSi)i, all these difficulties were removed by an arrangement by which the Newark 
Passenger Company agreed to lease the property of the Rapid Transit Company and assume its liabilities. In the early part of 1S92, 
the Newark Passenger Company having obtained control of the Rapid Transit lines, used part of them in connection with its Irving- 
ton line in Market street, to make an electrical line from Llewellyn Park in West Orange, through Orange and East Orange, to 

Market street station. This was 
opened on February i, 1892, and 
proved a great success. Witli a 
view to reach similar results, by 
means of extensicms, with electric 
equipment to Jersey City. Eliza- 
beth and other towns, and in order 
to furnish the most efficient means 
of developing the entire street 
railway system of the three coun- 
ties in harmony, a company was 
formed in 1R92, under the general 
corporation laws, under the name 
of New Jersey Traction Company. 
Its main purpose is to control and 
extend the lines of the three coun- 
ties of Essex, Union and Hudson. 
For this purpose it has leased the 
entire property of the Newark 
Passenger Railway Company, 
including the Rapid Transit Street 
Railway Company, for 999 years. 
The lines now controlled by the 
New Jersey Traction Company are 
still under the charge of Mr. Barr, 
as president. Mr. John I. Water- 
bury, president of the Manhattan 
Trust Company, is the vice- 
president, and gives the financial 
interests of the company his 
I'oWER HOUSE NEW jEKSEv TRACTION CO., liovD siKEti. special attention. 



The STA.TE Banking. 


IT IS scarcely necessary to call 
the reader's attention to the 
beautiful illustration on this page, 
or to say a single word in its praise. 
Sel'dom is it that the artist who 
pencils such a difficult piece of 
work, succeeds in bringing out the 
fine lines, with pillar and panel all 
combined, with such exactness and 
marvellous skill as is seen in the 
picture on this page of the model 
banking room of the State Banking 
Company, situated in the substan- 
tial four-story brick building at the 
northwest corner of Market and 
Halsey streets. This popular 
institution was organized in 1S71, 
or little nioi-e than twenty years 
ago, and under the State banking 
laws, and is the only bank outside 
of the National household in the 
city of Newark. Notwithstanding 
this fact the institution enjoys a 
popularity as wide as the State and 
a patronage from among the bus- 
iness men thereof, and of which 
any bank might be proud, which 
speaks a language in regard to its 
management and safety not to be 

misunderstood. The capital stock of this distinctly vState bank is 
$100,000, which is largely held by men who are leading citizens 
of German descent. It will be remembered in this connection 
that nearly or quite one-fifth of the population of this great 
manufacturing centre is German, among whom are numbered 
some of our most highly respected and wealthiest citizens, some 
of whom rank as more than millionaires. Indeed this bank has 



been officered from its beginning by Germans. Its first president 
was Mr, F. Reynold, now deceased. He was succeeded by the 
wealthy Hamburgh Place brewer, Joseph Hensler, Esq., and he 
in 1S79 by Mr. Edward Shickhaus, of the flourishing pork-packing 
firm of Shickhaus & Pruden. Judge Gottfried Krueger is vice- 
president. Mr. George Webner was its first cashier, he being 
succeeded in 1S76 by the present popular cashier, Ex-County 
Register Julius Stapff, a remarkably striking photographic like- 
ness of whom is seen herewith. He has as his assistant cashier 
William Scheerer, Esq., while the popular e-\-president of the 
Board of Education of the city is comptroller, with Theodore Horn 
as notary. Around the officers the stockholders have thrown a 
cordon of as painstaking and careful set of directors as any bank 
or other financial institution can boast in the city or State, in the 
persons of Albert P. Condit, Francis H. Sieger, C. Feigenspan, 
John M. Mentz, Julius Gerth, E. C. Hay, M. Issler, J. Sturm 
and C. A. Lehmann, with the officers, all of whom are in 
the Board. 

If there is one thing more than another which has caused the 
adherence of such a large proportion of those who have made 
their bow to the Board of Directors and officers of the bank under 
consideration, we should have no hesitancy in saying that it is the 
genial good heartedness which pervades the whole body, and the 
halo of unquestioned safety which runs through every fibre of the 
concern and permeates every man in connection, carrying him to 
the very pinnacle of determination to hold himself ever ready to 
shield from harm every individual for whom he has accepted a 

With such solid financial institutions as this for a basis, 
and with every one of her sisters as financially firm as the rocks 
of Gibralter, Newarkers have a right to feel proud and while the 
men of old P^ssex are glorying over the marvellous growth, pros- 
perity and mighty extent of her manufacturing industries, peer- 
less among American cities where population is considered, and 
marvellous in the world where the skill of her mechanics and 
artizans are concerned, they must not forget the illumined rays 
of bright financiering shooting out from our banking institutions, 
to light the paths of others or to financially enlighten the world. 



Tl I E Prudential Insurance Company of America, whose home 
office building we show on this page, is one of the foremost 
financial institutions in the city, and in fact, in the country, its 
phenomenal success having drawn the attention of financiers 
wherever its operations are known. It began business in 1S76, 
in this city, its object being to issue small policies ranging in 
amounts from ten to a thousand dollars, the premiums upon 
which are paid in small amounts, weekly. This was an entirely 
new field, so far as 
this country was con- 
cerned, and the work of 
extending its o p e r a- 
t i o n was necessarily 
slow, especially as its 
business was confined to 
those persons who, be- 
fore this, had no practi- 
cal knowledge of life 
insurance, inasmuch as 
it had been impossible 
for them to obtain ]«>li- 
cies owing to the large 
premiums required. Con- 
sequently a good deal of 
time was expended in 
educating the masses up 
to the point where they 
felt the need of life in- 

Notwithstanding these 
drawbacks however, the 
company at the end of 
the first year had issued 
7,904 policies and obtain- 
ed a premium income of 
814,543. The officers 
began, and have contin- 
ued to do business upon 
a very conserva tive 
basis, and it was nearly 
two years before any- 
thing was attempted out- 
side of Newark. But at 
the end of that time it 
entered other cities in the 
State, such as Paterson, 
Jersey City and Trenton. 
In 1879, it felt warranted 
in branching out still 
further and deposited 
the customary Si(»,ooo 
with the State Treasurer, 
thus obtaining the privi- 
lege of doing business in 
other States. It then 

opened offices in New York and Pennsylvania. From that time 
to this it has gradually extended its operations until now it is 
doing business in all the principal cities in the North and North, 

It has gained an enviable reputation for fairness and liberality, 
especially in the matter of paying death claims. It has always been 
foremost in the matter of concessions to its policj- holders. Its 
original plan contemplated issuing policies to ever}' healthy mem- 
ber of a family between the ages of one and seventy, which was 
a great advance over what had been done previously, since the 
ordinary insurance companies had confined their dealings entirely 
to adult male members. It has also, from time to time, granted 


other advantages to policy-holders, such as ; Issuing an incon- 
testable policy : giving dividend additions to its Industrial 
policies ; issuing paid-up term policies to Industrial policy-holders, 
and Endowment policies upon the weekly payment plan. At 
the beginning of 1892, it arranged to give paid-up policies to 
persons who have been insured for at least five years and are at 
least eighteen years of age. As soon as the success of the 
Prudential had been demonstrated, other companies were formed 

to do the same kind of 
business, but the Pruden- 
tial claims to issue the 
most liberal Industrial 
policy of any company 
in America. 

Its financial standing 
is unquestioned. Its 
peculiar success in this 
direction has been due to 
the judicious investment 
of its funds, which has 
not only been safely, but 
profit ably done. The 
officers have always en- 
deavored, in view of the 
possibility of the rate of 
interest decreasing and 
also knowing that epi- 
demics are likely to occur, 
to secure a surplus over 
and above the reserve 
required by law. 

Their new building 
was comiiletcd and occu- 
pied by them m May, of 
iS<j2. At present the 
company occupies but 
two floors, renting out 
the remaining eight stor- 
ies, the expectation be- 
ing that as the company 
increases, less will be held 
for rent and more devoted 
to the company's use. 

The seventeenth an- 
nual statement, which 
brings the figures down 
to December 1, 1S92, 
shows the assets of the 
company to be 88,840,853. 
The amount of insurance 
written during 1892, was 
over 897,000,000. The 
claims paid were over 
82,500,000. The number 
of policies issued over 
S08.000. The total amount of death claims paid, up to the end of 
1892, was over 811,500,000. 

The Board of Directors are John F. Dryden, Henry J. Yates, 
Edgar B. Ward, Theodore C. E. Blanchard, Seth A. Keeney, 
Leslie D. Ward, James Perry, Aaron Carter, Jr., Edward 
Kanouse, Horace Ailing, Charles G. Campbell, Elias S. Ward, 
Fred C. Blanchard, Forrest F. Dryden. The officers are John F. 
Dryden, president ; Leslie D. Ward, vice-president ; Edgar B. 
Ward, 2nd. vice-president and counsel ; Forrest F. Dryden, 
secretary ; John B. Lunger, actuary and manager of ordinary 
branch ; Edward H. Hamill, M. D., medical director ; Theodore 
C. E. Blanchard, superintendent of real estate. 



A DISTINCTIVELY Newark institution has its elegant home 
in the beautiful nine-story stone structure which the company 
has recently erected at a cost of more than a quarter of a million 
of dollars, on the northeast corner of Market and Washington 
streets, just opposite the point where the electric cars pass and 
repass every two or three minutes on their flying trips to and 
from Market Street Depot and the city of Orange, and from the 
"Neck" to South Orange and Irvington. 

This institution, which is so positively to the manor born, was 
the fruit of the genius of Mr. L. Maybaum, a Newark man, and 
is steadily pursuing its wondrously successful way. under the 
push and spur of Newark business men and firmly supported by 
Newark capital. As the busy ages rolled by and great institu- 

who, of course, is eminently fitted for the place. That no mis- 
takes were made in the organization, is demonstrated beyond 
question in the rapid progress the company has made and the 
popularity it has so quickly won, and the high reputation it has 
so early achieved. The company has for their object guarantee- 
ing, under clearly defined rules and regulations, the wholesale 
merchant against loss, just as under other conditions, a fire insur- 
ance company would guarantee against loss by fire. That the 
reader may understand at a glance with what wide open arms and 
confident e the merchants received the plan of the young Newark- 
er's evolution of genius for their protection, is seen in the mighty 
volume of business which they did from the start, reaching as their 
books plainly show, to over thirty millions in the first three and a 

J ?,,<-// s'/ZK 


tions were founded to meet exigencies and fill crying wants, to 
protect owners of property against loss by fire, accidental 
insurance, insurance on the life of an individual or endowment, 
that was to meet him half way on life's journey, but the industry 
under consideration was hidden away in the womb of time await- 
ing the call of a thoughtful Newark man to come forth and bring 
with him those benizens of safety v.-hich the merchant had 
sorrowfully sought for years but found them not. 

The United States Credit Sj'stem Company began its career in 
iS8S, organizing for work in November of that year by the election 
of Hon. W. H. F. Fiedler, who besides being post-master of 
Newark under the brilliant Cleveland administration, had already 
filled the office of Mayor of his native city of Newark, and 
had been elected by the people of his district to represent them 
in Congress, as their president ; Hon. Gottfried Kreuger, one of 
Newark's most popular and wealthy citizens, a Jvtdge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals, as vice-president ; Ex-County 
Register Julius Stapfi", as treasurer ; Mr. Frederick M. Wheeler, 
a rising young business man, as secretary, and filling the position 
of actuary with the inventor of the system, Mr. L. Maybaum, 

half years of their business operations and issuing during that short 
period certificates of guarantee against excessive loss by reason of 
bad debts to importers, jobbers and manufacturers doing a busi- 
ness of at least three thousand millions of dollars. As a farther 
evidence of its wonderfully beneficent work among merchants, it 
can be said that during the short period of four years, and while 
the institution was young and among strangers, who indeed were 
found near of kin when formal introductions had passed, the 
compan)' paid out more than 8400,000. Thus from the beginning 
has the expectation of the genius who formulated the ideas upon 
which the company was organized, the capitalists who risked 
their money to lay the foundations and build its superstructure, 
and the men who lent their good names and risked their hard- 
earned business fame, have been realized. Had it been the fruit 
of a lifetime of thought, and the evolvement of scores of weighty 
years of business toil and mental labor, the happy results so 
beautifully spread out before the public could not be otherwise 
than satisfying in the highest degree. But here is the full 
measure of a business success heaped up, rounded in, pressed 
down and running over, giving a handsome return to the men 



who made the risk, and to the merchants all over the country, 
who saw immediately, as the young institution was launched on 
the turbulent waters of the great business ocean, of what excellent 
material the craft was built, and how splendidly she rode the 
billows, and the solid men who were at the helm, and on the 
bridge, and at all the other posts of duty, that it was a safe 
business craft to sail in. and accepted its promises and are now 
gathering a rich reward from the ripe fruits of the first ingather- 
ing of the harvest. 

For the Credit System Company, no word of Xkw.vkk X J.. 
Ii.i.isrRATKi), the pages of which are beautifully embellished with 
life-like engravingsof the 
officers, and the great 
palace of granite which 
it has built for its home, 
can speak the truth of its 
marvellous career half so 
well as the fact itself, 
that the companj-, having 
been organized with a 
capital of only Sio<->.oo<j, 
has at the present time, 
assets of over a half mil- 
lion, and is daily adding 
fresh leaves to the chap- 
let of victory. It was a 
proud day, indeed, for 
Mr. L. Maybaum, wlien 
he caught the idea of in- 
suring against the bane- 
ful influence of bad debts, 
and a still happier one 
when he had so formula- 
ted the idea and skele- 
toned the model of the 
ship that the officers, 
directors and a large num- 
ber of stockholders 
could see its logic 
with the keen, clear 
business eye of faith, and 
not only risk their own 
capital, but advise others 
to do the same, in build- 
ing and rigging a busi- 
ness venture after his 
plans and successful!)- 
launch her. 

The sombre cloud of 
bad debts which has 
hung like a nightmare of 
hideous form and heart- 
rending shape over the 
mercantile world will 
have been swept away 
through the benign influ- 
ence of safety which is 
riding upon the golden wings of the Credit System Company, 
in readiness to dispense its benizens of favor. 

Here then is a beautiful thought for young men starting out 
on a mercantile career to treasure, study and develop. With only 
the ordinary precautions in entering upon a business undertaking 
need they be troubled. They will need not the experience of a 
fair lifetime to guide them safely on in a prosperous career 
before venturing. They have only to place themselves under the 
protecting care of this Credit System Company, and look at the 
world through their argus eye, which has its own peculiar way 
of peering into the business part, and with a magic rule taking 
the measure of their financial standing and dispensing results 
to their customers without fear or favor. 



PRIOR to the time of Daguerre, the wealthy only, as a rule, 
had the privilege of gazing upon the face of a friend or his 
own even, since few but the rich could command the artist's 
pencil and the genius of a painter to enliven the canvas with the 
face of the living, to speak out what they were when time with 
them has ended here and the original has passed away into a 
never ending eternity. 

L'pon the crude originals which came out of the old Frenchman's 
chamber, improvements have been made from time to time, in 

the rare chemistry, as 
well as in the magic art 
of their production. Pic- 
tures have been sent 
forth from galleries all 
i>ver the world, of this 
type or that, many under 
new names, but only such 
.IS were in reality merit- 
' irious, came to stay, the 
others to fade from the 
plate as the names of 
their originators and 
makers would fade from 
memory, or be stricken 
from the roll of recollec- 

For the past few years 
tlic photographer has had 
the field, and it is little 
wonder, since no class of 
artists has shown such 
abundant reasons for the 
confidence of the public 
and its lasting popularity. 
Among those who have 
won from fickle Dame 
Fortune her sweetest 
smile, and from his pho- 
tographic business a n 
enduring success, is 
Ludwig S c h i 1 1, whose 
elegantly equipped studio 
occupies parts of the three 
upper floors or stories of 
the great Credit System 
building, situate at the 
corner of Market and 
Washington streets, and 
beautifully illustrated on 
this page, and from the 
roof peak of which, as is 
seen, floats his business 
banner bearing the name 
of"Schill." The studio 
is reached by broad, easy 

stairways, and double elevators leading up from'the Washington 
street entrance. Mr. Schill is a practical photographer, 
success is quite phenomenal, his skill as an artist having not alone 
given him popularity, but an elegant competence as well, in 
generous return for his honorable work. All the varieties of 
fancy lighting and artistic effects are produced. 

The rooms are large and airy, and tastefully;furnished ; indeed 
everything about this whole unique establishment is very satis- 
factory. The elevators before mentioned open at the doors of 
the reception rooms. His success in securing correct likenesses 
is truly phenomenal Such is his popularity among the mothers 
of the little ones that nearly seventy per cent, of his business is 
among the children. 



The Gas lKrius'iK\-. 

ME N who contribute by 
brain or capital, directly 
or indirectly, to the health, 
comfort, happiness, prosperity 
or longevity of the masses, are 
humanitarians in the most 
extended sense of the word, 
which, though long is musical, 
and carries with it a cadence, 
sweeter than almost any other 
word in the language, long or 
short, and fulminates an illum- 
inating power which reaches 
the depths of the fountain, from 
which is distilled the essence 
of success. 

Of this class of men, God bless 
them, the city of Newark pos- 
sesses a larger proportion, ac- 
cording to her population, than 
any other city in the coun- 
try. Far be it from us to 
make this assertion in any other 
than in the earnest and sincere 

belief of its truthfulness, so susceptible to us appears the fact of 
its demonstration. And how should this happy state of affairs, 
so admirable in all its bearings, apply so happily to Newark ? 
This is as easy a problem to solve as was the primary question of its 
existance, and it is done in this wise. First, the great majority 
of the men who stand at the head of the great industrial concerns^ 
which contribute so much to its good name and fair fame, were 
either poor themselves, or their fathers before them, and know 
the difference between pure metal and dross, learned by the 
teachings of a practical experience, and having passed through 
all the trials, and met the stern realities face to face, are ever 
ready to carry out the tenets of the golden rule, to do unto 
others as you would have them do unto you. 

In passing, niethinks we hear some one say, " Oh ! there are 
exceptions." Yes indeed there ai-e, but in Newark so many .great 
concerns have been built up from such verj^ small beginnings, 
and so boundless has been the spirit of good-fellowship prevailing 
among the founders, upbuilders, managers and conductors of the 

■ it 

\ ii:\v LiK rui: .\i-:w.\kk gas light co ^ looking .\okiiie.\st on m.xrket streli 

VIEW of the PL.\NT OE the NEW.\RK G.\S light CO., ON JERSEY STREET. 

manufacturing interests, great and small, young and old, that the 
preponderance of the rule becomes so great that exceptions are in 
fact unworthy of consideration. Such are the men upon whose 
broad shoulders rests the duty of upholding her name and honor 
and maintaining her credit. When such men, men who have 
grown up where adversity lurked, where clouds of business 
troubles hting heavy, and it required the clearest e3'esight, the 
levelest of heads, and the most careful watching to get a glimpse 
of the silver lining beyond, and who have felt the long continued 
strain of mental and physical exertion necessary for its dispersion, 
are upon the walls, who shall say the citadel is not safe ? All 
honor then, to the men whose enterprise, honesty of purpose, 
push and vim, and never-saj'-fail spirit have made Newark what 
she is, queen city among her sisters in manufacturing interests. 
All honor to the men who have led the pure mountain spring 
water to every door; who have made travel quick, cheap and easy 
from point to point by means of the great steam railroads and 
electric cars; who have built the telegraph, the telephone, and set 

up the electric light and power, 
plants and built the motor and 
dynamo; and lastly, the men 
who have lighted her streets 
and homes for j'ears, keeping 
the dark places bright and 
chasing evil doers from her 
bounds, generously aided by 
the gas light through the dark 
hours burning. Among these 
who have been humanitarians 
in its most extended sense, 
and who have been watchmen 
on her walls, are the founders 
of this gas producing industry, 
who have held aloft the shining 
light for more than a half cen- 
tury, and contributed largely 
from the storehouse of their 
minds to the city's growth and 
prosperity, and right well have 
their successors upheld the 
good names and fair fames of 
the men who preceded them. 
Space forbids the tribute due 
to the self-sacrificing spirits 



who have made the light to 
shine in dark places. The field 
is rich in just such men. and 
those with kindred spirits 
whose names are truthful 
synonyms of progress, and 
whose strong right arms have 
upheld the blazing gas li.^ht 
and gave the word of command 
to the veritable army of silent 
watchmen ranged along the 
street sides, every one of which 
have long been miniture 
"statues of liberty," lamp 
holders lighting the world. 
The great industrial establish- 
ments which have played such 
an important part in the growth 
and progress of the city, and 
upon which so many of her 
public and private interests 
lean, deserve a prominent and 
conspicious place wherever any 
of the city's industries are rep- 
resented, and especially so in 
this beautiful work of Nkw.vrk, 

X. J., Ii.i.usiRAiKri. That our artist has done himself credit in 
transferring these immense gas making plants to these pages 
will be seen at a glance as the leaves are turned. 

We herewith present several views of the works of the Newark 
Gas Light Company, that represent one of the most perfect gas 
plants in the country. The company has two complete works, by 
use of which all the gas required in the city can be made by 
means of the Wilkinson system, which is the best and most 
economical method for producing a high grade water gas, and bv 
the other works, which are fitted with the best known appliance 
for economically producing coal gas, it is pos.sible to manufacture 
all the gas that may be used in the city. 

The Newark Gas Light Company has been, and is, one of the 
most successful corporations in the city. Its charter was granted 
in 1S45, and the first board of directors were Beach Vanderpool 
Isaac Baldwin, James Keene, Samuel Meeker, C. B. Dungan, 
Joseph Reakirt, H. D. Steever, Joseph Battin, Jeremiah C. Garth" 


N MAKKI, I M UKfcl. 

waite. The company has been successful from the commence- 
ment of its operations and has always been managed in a 
conservative, but progressive spirit. The officers now are, 
Eugene Vanderpool. president ; Edward II. Wright, vice-presi- 
dent ; James P. Dusenberry, secretary ; John I. Voung, 
treasurer ; Alfred E. Forstall, superintendent. The present 
board of directors are, Eugene Vanderhool, Theodore Runyon, 
Edward H. Wright. Marcus L. Ward, Robert F. Kallantine] 
John R. Emery. S. H. Plum. Franklin Murphy. H. N. Congar. 

Some of the gentlemen names appear in the direction 
and in the official list, have been connected with the gas-producing 
interests since the first organization of the Newark Gas Light 
Company. They have been eye-witnesses of the growth and 
progress of the city, and have been, along with their associates, 
the means of throwing more light on the subject than any other 
class of our industrial citizens. The gaslight industry as con- 
ducted in the city of Newark, is not alone a business requiring the 

appliances of science as well as 
the resources of capital, but is 
an essentially productive one, as 
the financial standing of those 
who have found their life work 
where the gas for light pro- 
du(;ing is manufactured, can 
truthfully say. No industry of 
the rapidly growing city of 
Newark has been fostered with 
greater care than that of gas- 
making. Nor indeed has there 
been many which can vie with 
it in the rapid progress made 
from the very foundation. As 
the reader glances at the array 
of business names which appear 
in connection with the industry, 
the great foundation's reason 
for its prosperity will be seen 
and its future easily divined. 
No illustrations in this book 
speak a more comprehensive 
language nor tell a plainer 
story than those relating to the 
gas producing industry 





THE extent and value of an industry may be judged, perhaps, more correctly by the amount of capital invested for the purpose 
of carrying it on than in any other way. In particular is this the case in the rich and productive industry of manufacturing 
gas from coal or water, for heating, lighting and power purposes. Newark has proved a very prolific field as is demonstrated in 
the fact that already three companies, with a capital of more than two millions, are engaged in conducting gas manufacturing 
establishments, employed in the work of turning out a product which finds a market and consumers very near the factory. For the 
three decades, before the time when Newark began her phenomenal growth, there was but one set of gas making apparatus, but it 
could be easily seen that the industry was a rich repaying one. When Newark grew on and on at such a rapid pace, when capital 
from nearly every part of the world found its way to this manufacturing centre, and thousands of the best skilled workmen and 
mechanics of many nations gathered within her factory walls, and new homes which were springing up on all sides became the habita- 
tions of the rapidly increasing body of artists and mechanics, the necessity of a greater supply of gas for lighting the long lines of new 
streets, which were reaching out in all directions and as well as the immense rows of dwelling houses, where the mighty army of 
workmen had their famihes domiciled, was easily seen. One of the first to see the want in its proper light and to take up the subject 



si:iri<iv \i vii-w 111- rm-: works oi-- the iitizkns i;a.s lu;iit C()Ml•A^•^ 

of a greater gas supply, was the wide-awake business man and indefatigable worker, Andrew A. Smalley, Esq., who had been 
successfully conducting a steam boat freight line, between Newark and New York. Of course, some objection was raised by the old 
company, which had the field all to itself, but Mr. Smalley and a few other spirited capitalists, who could see the silver lining behind 
the dark cloud, procured a charter and organized a new gas manufacturing company, with a capital of a million dollars, and bestowed 
upon it the name of The Citizens' Gas Company. The city had already taken the northward trend and to the west lay the beautiful 
and rapidly growing Oranges, inviting fields into which to carr\- their new enterprises. When the stock of the concern had been 
taken, the holders recognizing the work already done and seeing in Andrew A. Smalley the bud of promise as a gas manipulator, the 
company made him their president and placed in his hands the management of its affairs, and time and results have demonstrated 
that they made no mistake. W ith a corps of willing assistants Mr. Smalley set to work, and soon the beautiful works on the Passaic 

at the foot of Fulton street, which are recognized by gas manufac- 
turers everywhere, as a marvellously perfected gas making plant, were 
dispelling darkness in many sections of the growing city and reaching 
out its tenacula in many directions for more work to do and comforts to 
bestow. With that push and remarkable vim which have always been pre- 
dominent qualities of his nature, it wasn't long before the Citizens' had not 
only ab.sorbed the Orange Gas Light Company, but had amical)ly arranged a 
division of the city of Newark with the generous old Newark Company, and 
the two corporations went on in the work of manufacturing and supplying 
gas and growing rich together. 

In July last, Mr. Smalley, owing to ill healtli, reluctantly laid down the 
burthen, resigned the presidency and retired to his beautiful home, No. 176 
Roseville avenue, where on Thanksgiving Day all the office employees paid 
him a visit, and, along with words of respect and affection, presented him with 
an elegant token of their regard and esteem. 

Few illustrations among the thousands which have found a place between 
the rich covers of Nkw.vkk, N. J., Illustrated, speak out more truthfully for 
their subject sketches than do these, which represent the extensive plant of 
The Citizens' Gas Light Company on pages 232 and 233, as well as the photo- 
phic likeness of Ex-President Andrew A. Smalley, the founder. 

The Citizens' Gas Light Company was chartered in 1S68. The officers at 
present are John L. Blake, president ; Stephen H. Condict, vice-president ; 
Bobert B. Hathorn, treasurer ; Clarence L. Nelson, secretary ; Alexander H. 
Strecker, superintendent and engineer. Thedirectorsare Andrew A. Smalley, 
Stephen H. Condict, Henry C. Kelsey, Charles A. Lighthipe, John L. Blake, 
E. Luther Joy, Henry Powles, George A. Halsey and George B. Jenkinson. 

. ^MAl-l.LI , 




xenat'.^rk: real estate. 

AN IMPRESSIVE view of the almost magic growth of the 
numerous interests, so successfully conducted in the city of 
Newark, is obtained from a careful perusal of the statistics, furn- 
ished in the official reports of the United States census bureau. 
In many of the great industries for which the city is noted, and 


even in the individual establishments among them, the growth 
during the past quarter of a century has been so rapid as to furn- 
ish corroborative evidence, if it were needed, of the increase of 
wealth, material prosperity, and the enlightenment of hercitizers. 
Men of wide experience are authority for the statement that within 
the next ten years the value of Newark city real estate will, with- 
out doubt, rise more than one-third beyond its present value. 

It is a pleasure for a historian in the duty of jotting down facts 
in men's lives and characters, to find a citizen who during twenty- 
five years of active business life has made the impression upon 
the city's progress that is set to the credit of the gentleman whose 
portrait forms an illustration on this page, Mr. John M. Burnett, 
real estate broker. No. 191 Market street. Mr. Burnett comes of 
.good old business antecedents. His father, a descendent of 
revolutionary stock, came from Springfield, N. J , in iSio, and was 
a Newark business man until his death in 1879, having carried on 
an extensive lumber business in this city for a number of years. 
John M. was born in Franklin street, old South ward, in 1S38, and 
was in business with him until 1S67. He then took up the real 
estate business in New York city and Newark combined He 
carried on business in the Borell Building, No. 119 Broadway, 
New York, till 1875, then he brought his whole efforts to bear in 
Newark real estate and from that time until the present, iS93,has 
been a successful operator in the business, having made some of 
the largest sales ever made in Newark. This gentleman's trans- 
actions cover a general real estate business in the wide accept- 
ancy of the term, including the buying, selling and exchanging of 
property in Newark and the surrounding country. He takes 
full charge of large estates and the placing of loans upon desira- 
ble security. Mr. Burnett is a prominent appraiser, being 
thoroughly versed in all the property values. He keeps a com- 
plete register containing illustrations of the various sections of 
the city, building plans, leases of property, mortgages, convey- 
ances, etc., by which he is enabled at a glance to impart the 
fullest imformation of perhaps every important real estate trans- 
fer since 1S67, down to the present date. 




tition i s 
the real essence 
of all progress. 
It is met with 
in every depart- 
ment of indus- 
try and human 
activity, it stim- 
ulates and en- 
courages inven- 
t i V e n e ss and 
enterprise, and 
enlivens private 
life as well as 
business. The 
steady develop- 
m e n t of the 
city's real estate 
interests is due 
in a large de- 
gree to the hon- 
o r a b 1 e, and 
con se r vative 
method pur- 
sued by the 
energetic citi- 
zens who have 
so ably repre- 
sented this im- 
portant branch of Newark's industry. At no time have lliey 
sought to create, <ir inflate values, but rather to retain the market 
upon the basis of actual worth, as regard an income producing 
capacity. There are but few, if any interests, in this great indus- 
trial city that are Lot secondary to that of real estate, and in this 
connection it is.but fair to record the promoters of this immense 



industry, and in jiarticular those enterprising men who have 
given to the profession such a helping hand as has the subject of 
this sketch, Mr. A. J. Gless. real estate liroker and insurance 
agent whose office is located at No. 151 Springfield avenue. This 
young and energetic Xewarker has been active in extending the 
material growth of the westerly section of the city. He conducts 
a general real estate business, in the buying, selling and exchang- 
ing of property, takes the entire care of estates and negotiates 
loans on bond and mortgage, writing policies of fire insurance, for 
which he has exceptional facilities. His office which is given in 
the illustration on this page from a photograph, is admirably 
fitted up and affords ample facilities for the accommodation of 
his numerous clients. Mr. Gless, whose photo is also herewith 
given has demonstrated his ability to successfully conduct the 
line of business in which he is noted for displaying a spirit of 
enterprise, his wide experience and thorough knowledge of the 
real estate market aiding him in all his movements. He is 
classed as one of the leading and most enterprising property 
brokers in the city, and is a worthy representative of the real 
estate industry- of Newark, N. J. 

The telling inside view of the real estate office of Mr. A. J. Gless 
answers truthfully the intent of the artist, who produced through 
the wide oi)en eye of the camera, and the engraver whr) prepared so 
faithfully the plate from which it is printed. It will need but a 
glance from the student of Nkw.vkk, N. J., Ii.lisir.vikd to see 
that a great business is transacted within the four walls and over 
the county so truthfully depicted. 

Among the verj- large number of men who have wrought the 
field of real estate in order to gather the necessaries of life from 
its proceeds, or build up a fortune all do not succeed. Many 
yielding to its bright allurements and witnessing the marvelous 
success won by men of the pattern of A. J. Gless, enter but the 
portals, wait a short while and retire. Had they but stopped to 
inquire the waj- from Mr. Gless they would have heard the same 
old honest answer, as follows, " Start out with a determination to 
win," read the motto carefully " By industry we thrive." Study 
the self-reliance which speaks from every lineament of his coun- 
tenance and learn from him how to win in the real estate business. 





AJIOXG the real estate men who are rapidly gaining promi- 
nence, few are making more rapid progress than Louis J. 
Prieth, the youngest man in the business, as is demonstrated in 
the excellent photo of himself which is seen on this page. Mr. 
Prieth has his business office at No. 76 Springfield avenue, where 
he may be found during business hours. Mr. Prieth has become 
identified of late with the sale of the property known as the Maple 
avenue and McGregor tracts. He also takes full charge of estates. 



AMONG the large number in the city of Newark, who have 
built lasting monuments of their skill in the architectural line, 
.Mr. Arthur Connelly takes rank among the most successful. To 
his credit stand many of the best and most attractive buildings in 
the city, which have been constructed after designs and plan.s 
conceived in his brain, drawn out in his offices at No. 279 Market 
street and constructed under his own personal supervision. The 
manner of man that Architect Connelly is, may be seen in his 
photograph on this page. Few faces bespeak the calling of the 
individual n;ore truthfully and strikingly than does this. 



OKIvIX E. RUNYON has been prominently identilied with 
the real estate interests of Newark for a dozen years, and in 
that time has made 'himself well and favorably known throughout 
the State. Although not having been engaged in the business as 
long as some of the older brokers, his many large transactions suc- 
cessfully negotiated have brought him into prominence, and his 
services have therefore been in constant demand. He was born 
in Plainfield, this State, but his boyhood days were spent in 
Springfield, 111., where his father was one of the best known 
printers of the West, during the war, frequently having large 
government contracts. The subject of our sketch returned to 
Plainfield in 1S6S, and soon afterwards entered the Central Ne-d> 
Jersey Times office and learned the printers' trade, which he fol- 
lowed for several years, becoming an expert in all its branches. 
In 18S1, he came to Newark to keep books for the firm of J. C. 
Smith & Co., flour and grain dealers, and two years later entered 
the office of R. Burgess, who was then one of the prominent real 
estate brokers.' Mr. Runyon applied himself so closely to the 
business that a year later Mr. Burgess took him into partnership. 
In 18S7, Mr. Runyon bought out Mr. Burgess' interest in the firm 
and continued the business alone. In i8gi, the business was 
incorporated under the name of the Newark Real Estate Company, 
and Mr. Runyon has been the president and manager ever since. 
The company is well equipped for its business, occupj-ing fine 
offices on the ground floor of the Livei-pool & London & Globe 
Building. Their desire is to make Newark property a specialty. 



WII.I.IAM II. |-.<<> 



AMOXC, the photographs which form the illustrations of this work, none are more natural and life-like, or more strikingly repre- 
sentative of their originals than those of the well-known real estate men, William H. Brown and I.ouis Schlesinger, whose 
business offices are located at Nos. 746 and 74S Broad street. The senior member of the frm, Mr. William H. Brown, has long been 
identified with Newark and for years her interests have been his. and it is not saying more than is his due, that he never shows in 
better form than in the performance of some public duty. An utter abnegation of self has ever.been a prominent characteristic with 
him, and whether in the thickest of the fight on the field of battle, as a s >ldier when his country called, or in the performance of hi. 
duty where the smoke was the thickest and the fire the hottest, as chief engineer or fireman, that same unselfishness was ever manifests 
Such qualities always have their manifestation in the confidence 
and affections of friends and neighbors, and whenever an honest and 
fearless leader is wanted the eye of faith is turned toward such men 
as William H. Brown. Mr, Louis Schlesinger, the junior member of 
the firm, is also a Xewarker of a life time, and upon him devolves the 
duty of attending principally to the large real estate business 
entrusted to the company's care, and among Newark's real estate 
dealers none stand higher. Not a small part of the firm's business is 
the buying and selling of real estate, the negotiating of loans on 
bond and mortgage, effecting fire insurance, etc. 


AS IN the buying and selling of merchandise or farm productions, 
where agents are required, so in the sale, exchange and trans- 
fer of real estate, houses and lots, factory plots and buildings, there 
must be men who make it their business. Among real estate agents 
and operators few have had a larger experience, and none are more 
trustworthy and painstaking in their efforts than Philip Miller, whose 
offices are at No. 201 Market street. Mr. Miller can point to many 
large transactions with much satisfaction, he having been in the 
business of handling real estate for many years, several of which were 
in company with the late David B. Hedden, who was an old and 
experienced agent. Since the death of Mr. Hedden, Mr. Miller has 
continued the business of buying and seUing real estate, effecting 
insurance, negotiating loans on bond and mortgage and selling 
patents. Mr. Miller conducted the butchering business for a quarter 
of a century and for more than a decade of years was public meat 
inspector for the city. The photographic likeness of this experienced 
and honorable real estate agent appears on this page. 

rillLII' .MIl.I.KK. 







IN ALL our large cities coal is the staple fuel, and consequently its production and distribution is a leading industry. Large 
aggregations of capital are necessary to carry on the business, hence great companies are formed to carry out enterprises too 
gigantic for a single individual to successfully prosecute. The company whose name stands at the head of this note is one of the best 
and largest in the State of New Jersey, and the amount of coal distributed by it is simply enormous, as a glance at their yards at 
Ferry and Congress streets, and East Ferry and Market streets, in the city of Newark will soon convince any enquiring mind. The 
location is central, and distribution by means of its almost countless tracks and carts is comparatively easy. But large as the retail 
business of the company is, it is small compared to its wholesale trade. From a car load to a dozen cargoes, this company delivers 
coal at any point where desired, and the qualit}- of the coal mined by it is so well known that it needs no other recommendation. 
The immense manufacturing interests of Newark are so dependent upon an ample supply of fuel that that city is not only a heavy 
consumer of coal, but also a distributing point for a trade that is reckoned by millions of tons annually. The company owning 
its mines is not compelled to purchase its supplies in open market, and consequently can be relied upon to fulfil any engagement 
which it may enter into for the deliver)' of coal. 

Mr. J. E. Fleming, the agent in charge of the company's interests in Newark, was sent by the Wilkesbarre Coal and Iron Co., to 

establish a branch of their business in Newark, during the spring of 1S73, which 
company was afterwards merged into the Lehigh and Wilkesbarre Coal Co. 
The twenty years' experience of this company in our city enables it to know 
the wants of the domestic and manufacturing interests and grades of anthra- 
cite coal required bj- them. The large pockets recently built in their 
yards, from which the coal is run over screens into wagons is a vast improve 
ment over the old mode of delivery. The company loses no opportunity 
to take advantage of all modern improvements in preparing their coal for 

Colonel Fleming not only attends to the large business interests entrusted 
to him, but he varies the routine by taking an interest in the city's welfare 
through the Board of Trade, of which he is one of the oldest members and treas- 
urer. He is also a director in the Balbaeh Smelling and Refining Co., a 
member of the Essex Club, governor in the Country Club, and member of the 
board of managers of the Home for Disabled Soldiers for the State. 

Four years in the saddle during the war of the rebellion vidette duty, scout- 
ing and raiding, has not cooled Col. Fleming's ardor for his favorite arm of the 
service, as is attested by the Essex Troop of Light Cavalry, of which he is 
captain, and of which a competent military critic said, on the occasion of the 
great Columbian parade, " It is the most superb troop of cavalry ever seen in 
America." Col. Fleming entered the arm)' in Harlan's Indepenent Brigade of 
Cavalrv ; afterwards the Eleventh Pennsj-lvania Cavalrj' ; was wounded twice ; 
a prisoner of war at Saulsbury, N. C, and Libby Prison, Richmond, Va., from 
whence he escaped ; served on the staffs of Brigadier Generals Alfred Gibbs, 
I. J. Wister, and Major Generals William F. Smith and E. O. C Ord. as 
captain and aide de camp. 




R C. BoiCE Coal Company. 

WI T H ten thousand fires 
burning, most of which 
are urged to their greatest heat- 
ing capacity by air blasts of 
force and fury, converting the 
innocent fire box into the roar- 
ing furnace it must needs be 
that immense quantities of coal 
are consumed every twenty- 
four hours, and when to this 
is added the necessities for the 
week and mcmth the amount 
consumed during the year must 
inevitably be simply immense. 
That a large percentage of the 
coal burned for heating pur- 
poses is understood, and 
mourned as lost. The fact of 
such loss in the consumption, 
coal burning for heating pur- 
posses, opens up a wide and 
interesting field for the inven- 
tive genius of the engineer, 
fireman and mechanic, and the 
sooner he sets himself about 

the business of inventing a new fuel-saving grate for his furnace, 
or furnace without a grate, the better it will be for all concerned. 
The man who will evolve from the store-house of his genius an 
apparatus for burning coal with such a large percentage of loss 
will confer a great blessing on the human race, put money in 
every coal burners purse as well as his own, and call down bless- 
ings on his head, more enduring than gold, and beni/.ens of satis- 
faction, sweeter than honey. We have no desire to be classed 
with that pessimistic order, who are continually e.xercised with 
dark forebodings of a direful future, yet we can see that the 
Pennsylvania coal mines may not always continue to turn out the 
grand heat-producing and wonderfully economical fuel. Vet there 
are doubtless those who never think beyond the present, which 
they gormandize with satisfaction, never knowing or caring what 

1.-.-. f.s.^^ 



may be in store for the morrow, when they are satislicd witli the 
to-day. As the denuding of the virgin forests went on day after 
day, month after month, and year after year, and wood fuel con- 
tinued abundant, few there were who could or would trouble 
themselves about the future, when scarcity was certain to take 
the place of abundance. A word to the wise ought to be sufficient. 
But we opine that the halt will not be sounded 'till the time 
when the pick and shovel of the miner shall delve in vain 
and the car wheels no longer turn under the weight of their 
precious burthen, and the puff of thick smoke from the pipe of the 
ocean steamer shall no longer gladden the heart of the watchn:an 
at Fire Island. Then, and not until then, will come up the dread 
ful alarm. So it was with the work of conversion of the beautiful 
trees of the forests into fuel, and which have been forced away 
forever. The ring of the woodman's axe that felled the beauties_ 
now to salute the ear, and the tongue of flame to devour 
so long as there was a promise of pay or profit in it. 

There is no city in the American union of like population that 
consumes annually more coal than the city of Newark, X. J. 
With a population of inhabitants, in which manufacturing 
establishments are so numerous the coal trade is one of the 
most important indii.stries in the city. Among the many enter- 
prising citizens engaged in the coal trade, we may mention the 
R. C. Boice Company, wholesale and retail dealers in all kinds of 
coal, wood and charcoal, George's Creek Cumberland coal being 
a specialty. The company became incorporated, June 23, iSgi, 
under the laws of New Jersey, with an ample capital and with 
Mr. R. C. Boice, as president, he having established the business 
in 1873. The offices of the company are located at Nos. 10, 12 and 
14 Lafayette street, near the Pennsylvania Railroad avenue. The 
yards which form the illustration on this page are situated on the 
line of the Newark and New York railroad, having a frontage on 
Nos. 562, 564 and 566 Market street. This last mentioned plant is 
an admirable one, fitted up with every convenience, having no 
fewer then twenty pockets. Great economy in handling is thus 
secured, the coal being dumped directly into these pockets. 
There is a capacity for storing enormous quantities of coal at one 
time. Then, the company have a large yard separate from the 
coal yard, proper, in which cord and bundle wood is handled, the 
latter being received direct from the .manufacturer and farmer. 
The facilities of the company are in e\ery respect " A No. i." 
The company is prepared to furnish coal in any desired quantity 
at the most reasonable terms. 





THE gentleman whose industry is displayed on this page has been before the pubHc a sufficient length of time to establish his 
deserved reputation of conducting business on a strictly honorable basis. The liberal patronage which has been accorded this 
house demonstrates that Mr. Trimmer has always dealt in first-class quality coal, and has given honest weight. Therefore it is the 
very best stroke of economy to patronize a house known to be reliable in the coal it carriers. We wish to impress upon the mind of 
the reader and the public in general that this house deals only in the best grades of Lehigh and free burning coal, also Cannell coal 
for grate fires. Special attention paid to all coal being well screened before delivery. This house also deals largely in kindling 
wood, of all descriptions. The famous Allen kiln dried bundle wood is handled exclusively by this house in Newark and vicinity. 
The service is accurate and prompt, and having telephone connections, orders can be filled at short notice. The business having 

increased so rapidly, Mr. Trim- 
mer found it impossible to give 
the Newark business the atten- 
tion it required as he also had 
an extensive business in New 
York city. He has placed in 
charge of the Newark office, as 
general manager, Mr. E. C. 
Strempel, under whose manage- 
ment it has steadily increased. 

RuTAN & Terrill. 


THE firm of Rutan & Terrill 
whose portraits we pre- 
sent herewith, are probably the 
two youngest dealers in the 
coal business in this city. 
Although young in years they 
have by their energy and integ- 
rity built up a trade of which 
many an older firm might well 
be proud. Both are natives of 
Newark and graduates of our 
public schools, where they 
learned that 2,000 pounds 
make a ton. 





1 r-:ir ti'-fV^f 





^ GE 


!i r 

286|,i^: i^ i 







H IS l.u.l„,.. «., «.b».l..d in Bl„„n.f»U. X. J., in tta y,ar ,8„. by Mr. J..n=. Bi.hop, (..epl.ih=r of .1,. >■'=»"' P'"'™'";; 

M..o.„..H.„,„. .n ..,. M. Bi.„«p "--^ -^n:; i";::':^::r;?„;j:/rc^^>" 

Havell as one of his best foremen until 1863. when he retired and was succeeded 
bv Frederick Stevens. James Roberts and George Havell. under the hrm name ot 
Stevens Roberts and Havell, under whose able management the business 
increased very rapidly, so much so that in 1865, requiring larger facilities, they 
purchased the premises No. 2S4 Washington street, and a few years later bought 
the adjoining property No. 2S6. which had been the old Jewish Synagogue, the 
whole factorv property now being 75 feet front by 300 feet deep. From time to 
time, however, additional buildings had to be erected to meet the demands of 
their growing business. In .S76, Mr. Stevens retired from the firm, the business 
then being continued bv the remaining partners, under the style of R« f "* & 
Havell until the spring of .883. when, after many months of illness, Mr. Roberts 
died leaving Mr. Havell the sole proprietor, under whose name the business 
is still continued. This is the oldest, and has been the most successful hmise m 
this line in the country, having never met with any business reverses and it bears 
the enviable reputation of supplying the most reHable goods among its many 
competitors in the United States. To enumerate all its manufactures is impos- 
sible, being in such variety and covering supplies for so many different trades. 
Its main lines are gilt, silvered, nickel plated, steel and enameled metal fancy 
goods, specialties and patented novelties Also table cutlery and razors-^ 

Mr Havell has associated with him his son-in-law, Mr. Alfred G. Williams 
who for the past twentv years has had charge of the very important branch of 
the business, the sales department. Also for the past eighteen years Mr. James 
D Clark, who has had charge of the books and finances, and to whom is due great 
credit in retaining the financial reputation the concern has always born. 



The Gottfried Krueger Brewing 



WHAT changes time has wrought 
can be seen in the beautiful and 
entirely truthful illustrations of the 
Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company, 
as it stands forth to-day in its elegant 
model and mammoth proportions, a 
magnificent monument of the business 
tact, energy and perseverance of its 
owners, beside the little bijou affair of a 
brewery, where Gottfried Krueger be. 
gan the work of his phenomenal career 
and the upbuilding of his fortune. With 
such skill has the artist done his work that 
the merest glance at this picture shows the 
design of comparing the past with the pres- 
ent. Not in the illustration of the plant 
alone has the artist shown his skill, but in the 
speaking likeness of Judge Krueger, and his sons, 
John F. and Gottfried C, both of whom are now associated with 
their father in the conduct of the business. From such modest begin- 
nings as the illustration shows, has this industry grown to its present immense proportions there must have been no ordinary 
business tact and skill brought to bear in fostering its growth and forcing its development. The success of Gottfried Krueger, 
among those who know him best, is well understood to lie in an indomitable perseverance and never say fail characteristic, which 
he brings to bear on all his undertakings. As a result it is worthy of note, just here, that the output from the industry under 
his management has grown from year to j-ear, till it to-da^^ reaches the enormous amount of two hundred thousand (200,000) 
barrels of lager beer, the popular beverage that cheers, but does not inebriate. Like the larger number of the proprietors 
and conductors of the great breweries which have grown up in Newark, and under whose fostering care the industry of the 
manufacture of lager beer has had a progress with few, if any parallels, Gottfried Krueger was a practical brewer. As an apprentice 
he had learned the art and had early obtained such an appreciation of his calling, that others who knew him sought him as a safe 
young man for a business partner, and such was Gottlieb Hill, for in 1S65, we find the firm of Hill lV Krueger, conducting the little 
brewery illustrated in the upper left corner of the above cut, in which his uncle, John Liable, had but a few years before installed him 
foreman. The popularityof young Krueger's output of sparkling lager soon created an increased demand, and so famous did his mild 
and effervescing drink become, that in 1S75, the, ('twas thought then almost fabulous) amount of 25,000 barrels was the result of the 
output per annum. One thing Mr. Krueger always kept in view, to make just as good if not a little better beer than others, thus 
keeping his popularity as a brewer on an even pace with the increase of sales. Thousands who had been in the habit of keeping the 
stronger liquors in their cellars began its exchange for the mild and delicious lager. Gottfried Krueger was one of those men who- 
had the faculty of anticipating, and was always preparing some ready means of meeting the growing appreciation of the merits of 
lager beer. On the retirement of Mr. Hill on account of sickness, Mr. Krueger became sole owner of the brewery and in the course o 
fifteen years so rapidly has his business increased that his sales amounted to the enormous quantity of 200,000 barrels annually, a 
marvelous growth of 600 per cent. 

The great and truly imposing buildings in which is housed one of the very best brewing plants in the country stands before the 
world as an imposing demonstration of the fact in the upbuilding of a business that, " where there's a will there's a way." His 

success in business has thrown around him such environments that 
he has been powerless to resist leadership and exalted public 
position. Twice he has been called to represent this district in the 
State legislature, and for years Mr. Krueger has been the repre- 
sentative of his partj^ on the State Committee 
for the county of Essex along with James 
Smith, Jr., United .States Senator, and is now 
filling a responsible judicial position as 
judge of the State Court of Appeals. For 
the past few years he has been most for- 
tunately released from much of his busi- 
ness burthen by his sons, John F. and 
Gottfried C, who have taken the place 
of their honored father in the general 
management of the great brewery 
and are rapidly developing the same 
business talents, perspicuity and tel- 
ling methods of their father. The rich 
proceeds from Gottfried Krueger's 
brewing business came entirely from 
the evolution thereof, its own earnings 
wrought out its great developments. 
No outside cash earned in other branches, 
'/ •, entered into, or led up to its prosperity. 


NFU'ARR'. X. r. n I rs'IRAl FP 


Joseph Hensler Brewing 

FOR nearly half a century 
the name of Hensler has 
been a familiar one in connec- 
tion with the brewery business 
in the city of Newark. As will 
be seen by a reference to the 
brewing industry record, the 
name of Joseph Hensler. the 
founder of the Hamburg Place 
Brewerj-, will be found to stand 
out verj- prominently as a pro- 
moter of this rich repaying 
branch thereof, and wherever 
the mild e.xhilerating beverage 
which is the output of Newark 
breweries is known or used, 
the name of Joseph Hensler is 
a familiar household word. 
On this page our artist has pre- 
sented a beautiful illustration 
■of the plant of this Hamburg 
Place brewing establishment 
and malt storing house. From 
the vaults of the brewery, which 
is so elegantly delineated by the 
artists and ?o attractively 
placed upon these pages, has 
gone forth some of the most 
delicious malt products that 

ever tickeled the palate of the connoisseur. Here. Joseph Hen- 
sler, the founder, who is a thoroughly educated brewer and well 
up in theory as well as practice, has gathered all the very best 
and most modern improved appliances and machinery, which 
have been invented or discovered as help meets in conducting the 


1 AM I'h IME Jf'SKI'H IiKN>l>.K likEWlN^i Ct»M|-.\N\'. 

manufacture of lager beer, as well as all other malt li<iuors. 
From very modest beginnings Joseph Hensler has gone on under 
Ihe impetus of his own inate brain and will, from one grade of 
success to another, until the finished work stands before him 
to-day in one among the most complete breweries of the country 
with a patronage from among the best, who have ever been charmed 
with the cool effervescing draught which so pleased the fancy and 
brought forth the world-wide recommendation of good old King 
Gambrinus. The immense vaults which are kept at a low tem- 
perature by the latest improved ice or frost bearing machines are 
kept full of lager (layer) beer from whence, when in the best stage 
of its ripened age it is taken forth to the dispensers and consum- 
ers, in kegs, barrells, etc., on the immense wagons drawn by the 
finest Pennsylvania horses and which, when moving away from 
the brewery yards, act as a peaceful reminder of a supply train of 
an army in motion. This brewery has at the present time an 
output of quite 75,<xx) barrells per annum. 

Joseph Hensler though of a quiet and unobtrusive nature has 
always been ready to act well his part in public affairs and on a 
number of occasions has responded to the call of his fellow 
citizens and filled places of trust and honor, and always with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to the constituency. 

For the past ten years his business burthens have been materi- 
ally lightened by his sons, who have to a great e.\tent relieved 
their father, with whom they are equally interested in the 
brewery, and who have become practical educated brewers and 
are wide-awake, go-ahead business men. 

The e.xample set by Joseph Hensler, the father, as a business 
man and citizen, is being followed to the letter by the sons, who 
are now his trusted associates in the business, and are proving 
by their daily walk, how easy it is for young men born in luxurj- 
and trained amid plenty, to be exemplifiers of the higher walks, 
and in the very best lines of business life and good citizenship. 
Few young men in business life are starting off under brighter 
auspices, or are proving themselves more worthy of the respect 
and confidence of the social or business world. The name of 
Hensler has been for years the synonym of generosity and a loyal 
upholder of the spirit of progress. 





ON THE site where George W. Wiedenmayer has his flourisliing Newark City Brewery, the making of lager beer has been 
carried on with varying success since 1S50. The brewery had been run in a small way till on January i, 1S79, when the 
present proprietor, (whose father, Christopher W. , was one of Newark's pioneer brewers), purchased the plant and took possession 
Under his management and guidance the brewery has steadily grown until it has a capacity of 75,000 barrels annually, and with a 
constantly increasing trade and demand for its justly celebrated product, which defies competition for age, purity and brillancy. 

Along with the many other important additions and improv-eraents he has lately made, is the erection of an attractive and commo- 
dious building in which are his pleasant offices, where the business is transacted and where he receives his friends and acquaintances. 
He has also erected a large five story storage building, 40x65, with a capacity of 20,000 barrels, which can be kept at a regular 
temperature by the most modern refrigerating machines. Beside the very best cooling apparatus, Mr. Wiedenmayer has gathered into 
his brewery all the very latest and best improved machinery and appliances for making beer to be found in the country, and has 
added stables with a stabling capacity for thirty-six horses, in fact he has remodeled the entire concern in the past few years. His 
brewery now covers the entire block bounded by Market, Chambers and Ferguson streets, w-ith the rear resting on the Central Railroad 
presenting unrivaled accommodations for receiving materials and shipping product. He bottles the product on the spot and makes a 
specialty of the finer grades of lager beer. He also brews large quantities of rare ales and porters, which find ready customers among 
consumers. Besides being a successful man and financially sound, Mr. G. W. Wiedenmayer has ever been ready to act 

well his part as a good citizen. 

Twice has Mr. Wiedenmayer 

been elected to represent his 

ward as Alderman in the com- 
mon council of Newark and 

during his four years term was 

its popular presiding officer 

the last two years. In 1889, he 

represented his district in the 

State Legislature, with honor to 

himself and to the satisfaction 

and credit of his constituents. 
His eldest son, George C, is 

a help meet, iude°d, to his 

father. He is a practical 

brewer and has perfected him- 
self in the science by taking a 

course in the United States 

Brewing Academy, of New 

York city. On this page of 

New.\rk, N. J., Iu,usTR.\TEn is 

seen a beautiful illustrated 

plate of his brewing plant as 

well as of himself and son. 

&^ s ■ 

■W"' •■>■'■ 


1 'h^K 








^^*^*3 ^_— -^ 




XJ^ir.^A'A'. .V. /., ILLUSTRATED. 


\ I \,.- 


r'ETEK nAi;cKts brewery. 

THE real business grandeur which hovers around the immense brewery plant, situate just over the Passaic River, which has really 
made itself felt, as well as seen, in the beautiful illustrative picture which the artist has furnished for this page of Nkwakk, N. 
J., I1.LI STKATKI), can be best understood by those who are acquainted with the large-hearted proprietor, Peter llauck, whose photo, 
appears on this same page. A full realization of all the extensive plant in reality can best be had by a study of the illustration and a 
visit to the institution, where the genial proprietor is always ready to grasp the hand and chaperon the visitor through the industrial 
establishment over which he so successfully presides. Here, as he circulates through the establishment, the visitor will hear the 
mysterj- of the process unfolded, and the part he plays in the work and management of his great brewing industry, far better than in 

any words or paragraphs of the readiest writer. Every line of his wide open 
face and every flash of his keen bright eyes, speaks a language not to be 
misinterpreted. Although all things about the great brewery go on like 
clockwork, and move with the same apparent ease as a highly perfected and 
smoothly polished piece of machinery, under the guidance of his master mind 
and educated hand, it hasn't always been fair weather sailing with the veteran 
brewer of the sparkling lager over in the Harrison section of this great 
industrial centre. It's only a few years since the ruthless fire crept into his 
breweries and swept away the work of years, in six hours time, but Peter 
Hauck was not the man to lie down and despair over his loss, but with that 
same old spirit which animated him when his career was young, he set to 
work to retrieve his fortune. All his energies were brought to bear on the 
work of reconstructing the plant, and building up his business, and in a very 
short time greater buildings and more imposing, and the very latest improved 
machinery, and the very best appliances used in the industry, had taken the 
place of the old and fire relegated brewing accessories, and again Peter Hauck 
was on the high road to success. 

In the vaults the ice king is forced to reign under the whip and spur of De 
La Verne and the help of his mystical frost ruling ice machines. The figures 
giving the number of barrels in total as more than 100,000, is the output of 
Hauck's brewery. It is always a pleasure to visit Peter Hauck's establish- 
ment, but infinitely more so when Peter himself acts the part of conductor. 

Not an unimportant part of the industry is found in the malt and hop 
storage departments, where these two great and indispensable adjuncts to 
the industry of lager beer making are found in immense quantities. 

w '^ ^ 

'^ A 







L__ -_ 







FROM almost any standpoint where the elevation is sufficient for the eye to 
sweep the great city, scattered about in dilTerent sections are seen huge 
structures, many of which tower among their neighbers and look very like 
giants among pigmies. These buildings to which particular reference is made 
here, are the immense breweries and beer-making establishments or malt 
houses, their absolutely necessary concomitant. 

One among the larger and more imposing of these is seen away to the east- 
ward from the corner of Broad and Market streets, and towering high over its 
neighbors, is the brewery of Christian Feigenspan, which has the enormous 
inanufactui'ing capacity of 400,000 barrels of beer a year. It is saying nothing 
in derogation of its grand neighbors, when we speak of it as a superb work of 
architecture. Here this princely brewer manufactures his famous Export 
Lager for bottling, which won the silver medal at the Paris Exposition, 
and has since gained for him a world-wide reputation. Like the fabled 
Phcenix of mythical lore, this great building rose from the ashes of its unfor- 
tunate predecessor, which a few years since 5'ielded to the fatal embraces of 
the fire fiend, but which now, as rebuilt, towers high above its neighbors, being 
no less than 160 feet from sidewalk curb to top of flag-staff. ,. From the four 
sides of the great tower, at the height of more than 100 feet, as many excellent 
clocks show their smiling faces, and from the brazen tongue within speak in 
far resounding tones the time of day or night, as the hours roll by. At this 
dizzy height, just where the great stairways end, is arranged an observation 
room and balcony, from whence the courageous and level-headed may get a 
bird's eye view, not only of the city of Newark with its mighty industrial field 
in all its marvelous grandeur, but the beautful Oranges and the ribbon like 
Orange mountains as well. Indeed nearly all of old Essex can be taken in 
'from this elevated look-out station. On the two preceding pages are seen elegant illustrative views of this model concern, to which 
attention is particularly called, as well as to the photograph of the above grand whole-souled brewer. Christian Feigenspan, himself 



SO TRUE to life has our artist made this picture, that having once seen John Iffland, the popular caterer of 1S3 Market street, you 
would at once recognize the fact that the phenomenal original was before }-ou. The large class of business men who gather for 
lunch or refreshment proves conclusively that some men are born caterers, and that John Mand is one of them. Mr. Ifliland was born 
in Nassau on the Rhine, Germany, and came to this country at the age of twenty-five, in 1S66. In 1868 he located on Market street, 
and purchased the old stand of the late Frederick Waldmann in 1S70. In 1S72 he took charge of the well known premises which he 
still occupies, and set to work in his own peculiar way, to please the people and build a fortune for himself and a home for his family. 
All of these things he has accomplished in royal style. His only recreation has been found in music and song, and in mutual good 
fellowship to be found in Eintracht, Arion, Aurora and other singing societies, and as a member of the Turnverem. He has not been 
averse, at the proper season of the year, to splash the mountain stream or skim the surface of the silvery lake, because he always 
was piscatorially inclined, and not a few elegant specimens of the finny tribe have yielded to his Waltonian-wa)^ allurements. It is 
said that Mr. Iffland has a decided genius for the rod and line. 




G. HOOPER, whose 
aughting rooms are in the 
beautiful Credit System Building, 
at the corner of Market and Wash- 
ington streets, is an architect of 
remarkable abiUty, and a man of 
much culture. Mr. Hooper makes 
a specialty of brewery and house 
architecture, and he has in Newark 
some very excellent examples of 
his handiwork. One of these is 
the grand new brewer)- of Chris- 
tian Feigenspan, several speak- 
ing illustrations, bird's eye exterior 
and interior, of which are found 
artisticallj' transferred on these 
pages. The beautiful lines of the 
building from foundation to cope 
stone, speak a language of praise 
for Mr. Hooper's ability which no 
words of ours, however tersely 
written, could make more fitting 
or deserving. 






AWAXT had long been felt 
in the South-western por- 
tion of our city, or what could 
be more especially designated 
as the old thirteenth ward por- 
tion, which is largely built up 
with the homes of the German 
population, for a public hall or 
place where the people might 
gather for instruction, pleasure 
or recreation. First and fore- 
most in all good works and 
with an eye farseeing enough 
always to discover the wants of 
his brethren from the father- 
land, Judge Gottfried Krueger, 
in order to supply this want 
and keep the secticm of the city 
in which was located his home 
and immense brewery plant on 
an even footing with other 
sections, conceived, planned 
and built the beautiful and 
capacious Sa;nger Hall, on 

Belmont avenue, a very .striking picture of which forms one of the pleasing illustrations on this page of Niwakk, N. J. , Ii.ii stratkd. 
In rearing this beautiful structure, which is built of brick with brown stone from the Belleville quarries for trimming, he had an eye 
single not alone to the glory of the building itself, which is truely imposing as it speaks out from the half-tone engraving herewith 
given, but for the comfort and welfare of the people of that section of the city wherein it was located by the generous hearted Judge. 
Sa-nger Hall is particularly fortunate, not alone as the hall enjoying the favor of the open hearted builder and owner, but also 
because of its good fortune in having as its manager the marvelously successful and well-known caterer, Beda Voigt, Esq., who took 
charge when its doors were thrown open and has continued to conduct it ever since. For more than a quarter of a century, this 
prince among caterers has gone on in the even tenor of his way, making everybody who called at his hospitable doors happy, and ever 
adding new fame to his increasing reputation as a caterer. For years at Union Park, he pleased the thousands who gathered 
under his roof and about the tables in the open ground and beneath the shade of the wide spreading trees therein. Xot this alone, 
but the genial gentleman who knew everybody and everbody knew him, made happy the thousands who sought recreation at the 
Caled<mian Park. A glance at the striking likeness on this page, the photographer with rare skill has made a picture of Beda 
Voigt so perfect and life-like that whoever has seen the original will not fail to know for whom the picture was taken. A full 
demonstration of Beda Voigt's ability in the line of his callings of caterer and manager are seen in the results of his past efforts in these 

lines. A marvelous result is seen in his management of the great crowds of people from all 
sections of the United States, who gathered at Caledonian Park in July, 1S91, in attendance 
"le great musical feast, or as our German friends will have it, " S^engerfest." On very 
lort notice this genius prepared for the reception of the grand army of singers and 
their friends who gathered upon that occasion. So perfect were all the arrangements 
and so carefully had he looked after and arranged every detail thereof, there wasn't 
a hitch nor break anywhere. The immense building, capable of seating nearly 
twenty thousand, was completed in the shortest time ever given to such a work. 
At all the great gatherings that ever assembled in this great industrial centre 
this gathering in attendance upon the German Siengerfest of 1S91, in all proba- 
bility excels them all in numbers and enthusiasm. For nearly a week the vast 
crowds came and went. With banners flying and bands playing, both brass 
and string, societies marched through the streets, to and from the railroad 
stations, and to and from Calidonian Park, where mine host would be ready to 
meet and greet them, and so far as it was possible to make all comers happy 
and feel at home. During all this time Sanger Hall was the scene of festivities 
which were a counterpart of those being held at the Caledonian. Every nook 
and corner of the elegant hall, parlors and reception rooms, the summer garden 
and great saloon were filled to overflowing. So conveniently is the hall situate to 
the electric car lines on Kinney street and Springfield avenue, at No. 25 Belmont 
avenue, but a few doors northerly from the Krueger brewery plant, that all parts 
of the great building may be turned over to visitors at times of balls, parties, 
fests, etc. Mr. Voigt has his home at No. 15, a short distance away. A proof of 
just how easy it is for Beda Voigt to cater on great occasions and make glad the 
hearts of thousands who gather under his hospitable roof at such times, we've only 
to call the reader's attention to the notable events of but a few weeks since, which 
followed each other in quick succession. The reception to Governor Abbett ; the 
reception to Andrew Radel and bride, superintendent of the Newark and South 
Orange electric railroad line, on the evening of his marriage, and lastly the tenth 
m:i>\ VOIGT annual ball of the noted Joel Parker Association. 




No MORE familiar face to the averagely well-acquainted 
Newarker is there to be seen than that of Judge John 
Otto, a photo of whom is fixed upon this page. For years he has 
handled the baton of Justice, either as Justice of the Peace or 
Police Justice at the station. Ever since its first organization. 
Judge John Otto has been president of the German Pioneer Society, 
which numbers among its membership nearly all our oldest and 
most highly respected German fellow citizens. Justice Otto has 
business offices at No. 2 William street. He is president of the 
Gottfried Krueger Pioneer Greisenheim, and a director of the 
Newark German Hospital. 

.\. \. SIPI'EL. 

AMONG the citizenship of Newark few have made themselves 
better known and are more worthy of a full meed of praise, 
than Mr. A. A. Sippel, who has conducted a large painters' 
supply store on Market street for a quarter of a centurj-, and the 
photo of whom appears on this page. In the conduct of his busi- 
ness Mr. Sippel has been marvelously successful. His is but 
another of those examples among the thousands whose honesty, 
truth and justice are the good man's characteristics, and have 
been the landmarks that the happiest of results have accrued 
from following. Perception and benevolence, the phrenologist 
would declare, after looking long and intently at his picture, are 
the leading traits of his character. As a friend and supporter of 
the benevolent institutions for which Newark has long been noted, 
he has been foremost, and for man}- 3-ears has been in the 
direction and secretary of the German Hospital Association, an 
institution which stands high in its work of beneficence. In its 
works of charity the institution has found its supplement in the 
private endeavors of the large-hearted secretary. 


EX-ALDERMAN JOHN WEGLE, whose photograph is seen 
on this page, is one of Newark's highly respected business 
men and citizens. Mr. Wegle is a son of the German fatherland, 
but an American at heart and a Newarker from choice. For 
many years he has conducted a large grocery business at No. 96 
Mulberry street, at the corner of Commerce, and has his home at 
No. 222 Mulbeny street. John Wegle is a man of sterling integ- 
rity, and his word is his bond. He is held in high esteem by his 
neighbors, and although he has always been averse to holding 
office, he has represented his ward in the Common Council of the 
city, and always with credit to himself and satisfaction to his 








ED on by patriotic influ 
ences of the loftiest type, 

the forefathers who came to 

plant the seeds of liberty on the 

banks of the Passaic in the 

wilderness of New Jersey, 

and to build their new homes 

far away from despotic and 

oppressive ways, were true 

patriots. When these brave 

men had finished their course, 

and kept bright through all the 

years of their own virtuous so- 
journ, they bequeathed to their 

children the same height, depth 

and love of patriotism and inde- 
pendence of spirit which they 

had kept as the apple of thci: 

eye. That their children, wh.' 

were left in possession of such 

rich boons, have been true to 

the trust the fathers imposed, is 

seen in the results of their achievements. The lessons taught by those hardy pioneers who stood by the flag of Capt. Robert Treat 
and his associ.-ites, as with sturdy valor they held it aloft while dealing in honor with the Indian possessors, and while justly paying, 
according to agreement, for the land they Ix.ught. As their followers came with brawn and brain, they set to work, to help dig and 
delve, to assist in devising and maintaining the new settlement that had within it the bud of promise of the mighty unfolding of the 
present. They readily fell into line as they came, and willingly bent their backs to the burthen. Together they worked, and 
together they played. Yes, played ; for in the days when Newark was y-iung. Military and Washington Parks, and the cleared fields 
surrounding their unpretentious homes and dwellings, were improvised gymnasiums, where old and young gathered when the hours 
of toil were ended and tried their skill with Indian bow and arrow, pitching the quoit and hurling the round stone and light and 
heavy hammer. They tested their strength in lifting the weight, and their speed in running, to finish the fun in a rollicking run or 
test their strength and skill in turning, or an innocent bout in a friendly wrestle was not uncommon. In the knowledge of the grand 
old combination of the church catechism, the plow and the anvil, were the upbuilders, promoters and defenders of this metropolitan 
city of New Jersey and cosmopolitan Newark. Although so very near New York, the empire city, as to feel the touch of her out- 
reaching tenacula, and on the direct line of travel from Philadelphia, the East and the South, hers remained an independent position, 
and as she increased in bounds and population, and as her industrial interests grew, the patriotism of her people kept pace. Not 
alone did Newark grow and expand under the influence and natural increasing of those to the manor born, but each succeeding year 
the influx of strangers, mechanics, artists and skilled workmen came, to contribute their part to the growth of this typical industrial 
centre. The capitalist came to locate the factory and the mechanic to seek the ready emiiloyment ort'ered. They came from away 
over the ocean, from the East, the West, the North and the South of the young American nation. Every county of this State furnished 
her quota, but the largest may be credited to old Sussex. They came self-reliant and ready men. the major part with nerve, brain, 
muscle and good will, and as Newark grew they grew, all standing ready on call to rally and defend, 
fall," was the motto of one and the fiat of all. In the words of the immortal 
Emerson, when the news was heralded from Lexington and Concord, that the 
New England farmer " had fired the shot heard round the world," no city and no 
State lifted higher the flag of resistance to British oppression, nor made greater 
sacrifices, or suffered more than the city of Newark and State of New Jersey. 
The hearts of her citizens were fired, and the burning grew brighter as the revo- 
lution went on, the final victory won, and independence acknowledged. 

Through her streets and highways was heard the tread of marshaled hosts 
throughout the war, for indeed, through her led the way to the battlefields of 
Monmouth and Trenton, and the great Washington's patriotic army's camping 
ground of Valley Forge. The smouldering spark of patriotism in their bosoms 
needed but the fanning with the old flag borne down by British sailors and 
insulted by Britains on the high sea. to set it brightly burning, in 1S12. 

The great battlefields in the war for the Union are marked by the heroic deeds 
of New Jersey soldiers. The brilliant and valiant ser\-ice of Generals Runyon, 
Kearny, Kilpatrick, Birney, McAllister, Mindil. Sewell, A. C. U. Pennington, Jr., 
Price, Carman, Penrose, Mott, Francine, E. Burd Grubb, Colonels Tucker, Ward, 
Donnelly, Ryerson, Johnson, Alexander N. Dougherty, Craven, Robinson, Dodd, 
Halstead, Hunkle, Matthews, Fleming, and Majors Wakenshaw, Morris, Gruett, 
Beam, Clark, Courtoise, Hexamer. E. F. McDonald. Atkinson, Bowers, and 
others which space prevents to mention here, but whose names are kept green 
in memory by their comrades of Lincoln, Phil Kearny, Sheridan, Garfield, 
ilarcus L. Ward, Hexamer and Tucker Posts of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic located in this city. The military spirit is maintained by a well disciplined 
regiment of National Guards and the Essex Troop. majok wu liam k. morkis. 

United we stand, divided we 





THE Order of Chosen Friends is a fraternal, benevolent, pro- 
tective society. It was first established May 2S, 1S79, in 
the cii.y of Indianapolis, Indiana. It has about 800 subordinate 
councils and 45,000 members, twenty-three of these councils with 
i.Soo members are located in Newark. The order makes pro- 
visions for paying in addition to sick and death benefits, one to 
its aged members, and also providing for a benefit to those who 
become totally disabled by reason of either disease or accident. 
During the thirteen years of its existence it has disbursed over 
86,000,000 to its disabled members, and the widows and orphans 
of its deceased members. Its office in Newark is located at No. 
787 Broad street. Mr. William B. Wilson, whose photo is given 
herewith, is Supreme Assistant Counselor of the order. 






/ w 






THE Golden Star Fraternity is a social, fraternal and bene- 
ficial association, and incorporated under the laws of the 
State of New Jersey, January 21, 18S2. The incorporators were 
residents of the city of Newark and well-known among the busi- 
ness community, hence it is absolutely a home institution. 

Its objects are to promote industry, morality and charity 
among its members, and to provide and establish a beneficiary 
fund from which, on satisfactory evidence of the death of a 
member a sum not exceeding §2,000, shall be paid to the legal 
beneficiaries. Acceptable persons between the ages of 17 and 56 
years are admitted to membership. The assessments range from 30 
cents to Si. I S per $1,000 insurance, and from the organization to the 
present time, the average assessments have been less than 8 per 
annvmi. No sensible man can deny the fact, that it is his moral 
duty to make some provision while in life and good health, for 
those he may leave behind him, and the question naturally 
arises, where and how will he do it. The Golden Star Fraternity 
provides the way. Any information concerning the fraternity 
will be gladly furnished by J. B. Faitoute, Supreme Secretary, 
No. 22 Clinton street. 

rH<>.\L\s OALL.ALIlhK. 


THOMAS GALLACHER, a photo of wnom is herewith given, 
is a well-known citizen of Newark, having been promi- 
nently identified with the fraternal, building and loan and 
charitable organizations of the city, has for a number of years 
served with credit as the secretary and president of the State 
Council of the Catholic Benevolent Legion, an organization 
devoted to the conservation of the family, incorporated under 
the laws of the State of New York, in iSSi. He is also secretary 
of the Howard and Enterprise building and loan associations, 
and has for a number of years taken a great interest in this kind 
(if work. For several years Mr. Gallacher has represented St. 
Michael's parish among the lay trustees in the board of directors 
of St. Jlichael's Hospital, and during the past fifteen years has 
had charge of the office work in the Chapin Hall Lumber Com- 
pany, of Newark, New Jersey. 





ALEXANDER !■. llril liROOK. 

father in thu conciutt oi his work. Hi^ 

X E among the many 
excellently equip- 
ped printing establish- 
ments in the city of New- 
ark is that conducted by 
the Holbrook Printing 
Company, at Nos. 1 1 and 
1 3 Mechanic street. Mr. 
A. P. Holbrook, the 
popular superintend- 
ent, is a Xewarker to 
the manor born, and 
comes from royal stock, 
his father having for 
years been prominent in 
business and public 
affairs— a man honored, 
respected and trusted by 
all who knew him. Mr. 
A. P. Holbrook is build- 
ing upon the same solid 
foundations, and meas- 
uring up his life-work by 
the same golden princi- 
ples which animated his 
photograph is seen on this page. 


THE subject of this sketch, Mr. John M. (iwinnell, is an old Xewarker and a man highly respected, honored and trusted by his 
fellows. Mr. (iwinnell is in business at \o. 50 Mechanic street, and has his home at No. 55 Halsey street. That the readers of 
this art work and the students of the pictures of its industrial places, and photo, likenesses of its citizens may know somewhat of the 
manner of man John M. Gwinnell is when they look upon his picture, we will only say that he is connected with several of our banks 
as president and director, and has been for several years a prominent leader in the benificent institution known as the Legion of 
Honor. He held the position of treasurer, which impo.sed large financial responsibilities, requiring no small degree of financial 
ability, acumen, good judgment, hrmness and care, all of which he has demonstrated to be the possessor of, to the satisfaction of his 
associates of the Lei{ion, having disbursed twelve million dollars without the loss of a single dollar. 



HE Supreme Lf>dge of the Knights and I. 

John L. .Vrmitage. S'lP'-.-m,- lii.irii..r ■ 


adies of the Golden Star was organized November 28, 18S3. The officers for 1893, are 
F. A. Sherwood, Supreme Past Dictator : S. M. M;itt')x, Supreme Vice Dictator ; J. F, 

IJodd, Supreme Orator ; Samuel 

P. Lacey, Supreme Secretary ; 

George W. Downs, Supreme 

Treasurer ; F. W. Duncker, M.I)., 

Supreme Medical Examiner; 

Joseph Kay, Supreme Chaplain ; 

John C. Moehring, Supreme 

Guide ; John A. Feindt ; Supreme 

Assistant Guide ; Dr. Leo Th. 

Meyer, Supreme Warden, 
The objects of the order are 

fraternal, moral, educational and 

beneficiary. The methods of 

building up the order are by the 

organization of subordinate lodges, 

beneficiary aids, prompt payment 

' >f total disability and death claims. 

The order is eminently conserva- 

livc, simple, honest and inexpen- 
sive in its busmess methods, the 

main object being the protection 

of its beneficiaries. It has earned 

the reputation of being one of the 

most prompt paying orders in this 

or any other countrj'. 



.^■/•; ;/".//; A', .v /,, //./.fsTR.iTKi). 


A. K. 1 1 1 X ns. 

Tins gontloiiuin, who is thi>i\ni);hly \voll-kiu>\vn to the Newark 
iniMic who are imisieally ineUi\ed.suei.-eoUeil to the business 
on the death of his father, Silas P. Hinds, who conducted the music 
and piano waiXMooms at Mr. Hinds' present location, Nos. 21 and 
■.';, Hank street, for nun-e than forty years. Like the senior, Mr. 
A, R. Hinds is a musician, and continues the business of snpply- 
injj the pubhe with music and musical instruments of all kinds as 
well as pianos, organs, etc., not only of his own n\ake, but of 
niany of the most popular makers in the country, Mr. A, R, 
Hinds is one of nien with whom it is a pleasure to transact 
b;isiness. He is a believer in the golden rule and is always ready 
to practice it. 

C) J' IX) Iv. tSCllll.U. 


IT RKiJl'lRES but a single glance at the striking likeness of 
Mr. Schill, which our .artist has so svtccessfuUy transferred to 
lliis i>age, to satisfy any one who has the least smattering of phe- 
nological science that he is musically inclined and that music is 
as naturally his bent, as poetry is that of the poet born. The 
studio of this genius is at Xo. js Clinton street. Here he devotes 
his time in giving lessons to those desiring to learn the 
art of playing the soul entrancing violin. While Newark can 
boast of many excellent artists, she has few, if any, who possess 
the qualification to impart their knowledge to others above Otto 
K. Schill. Mr. Schill is one of those painstaking, untiring and 
devoted teachers, whose highest ambition is to turn out artists 
who will be a credit to his skill and an honor to his institution. 
Mr, Schill resides at No. 44 Nelson Place. 



JOSl'l'll TllO.MK, whose photo is herewith given, is leader of 
the Newark Zither Vere^in, organized in 1SS7, Mr. Thome is 
a practical mvisieian on numen^us string instruments and devotes 
considerable time to the art of zither playing. He is also an 
author, having composed several piece's for that instrument which 
have been published and used for the piano as well, the " Ttncn 
Tii/it Schottische," being one of the number. The store is 
situated on Springfield avenue, near High street, where he keeps 
a stock of musical instruments for the trade generally, and a full 
supply of sheet music for the lither and piano, violin, banjo, etc. 
Mr, Thome is a young man and is devotedly attached to the 
musical calling. He touches his favorite zither with rare skill, 
and all who have liad the good fortune to hear the delicate notes 
and to witness with what peculiar deftness his educated fingers 
rty over the string-s of this soul stirring instrument of music, have 
enjoyed a musical feast that few performers are able to prepare^. 
A single glancv at his photo will convince anybody that music is 
the bent of his gxMiius. Not a few performers who tu'e making 
rapid progix^ss in the zither playing art feel grateful for the help 
he has given them. 

.\/-:ilJAA\ X. /.. /I I.rSTK.iTED. 



AMONG the numerwis professions 
there is none of more import- 
ance than that of the funeral liiixvtor. 
FoUowinj; this business, there is no 
name better known to the citi);ens of 
Newark than that of Mr. Charles \V. 
Compton. whose place of business, 
photo, of himself and ivsiilcnce, form 
the illustrations on this patje. His 
complete establishment, liKated at 
No. 216 Market street, was one of the 
first iron front buiUlinjjs in the city. 
EverythinjT requisite for the business 
is provided, and the house is as 
varied and CNtensive as any in the 
country. Mr. Compton is a Newarker. 
and by trade a cabinet maker an;l 
undertaker. For thirty-six years he 
has officiated at thousands of funerals, 
from the poor and humble to the 
imposing pajjcantry which drew vast 
numliers of peojile to witness th.- 
funeral rites attendant upon the 
burial of some noted person. In all 
cases he has won the esteem of his 
fellow eitiiens for the marked kind- 
ness displayed. The m.-ijority of im- 
provements adopteil in the (irofession 
have been introduced by Mr. Comp- 
ton. the most important of which is 

the child's hearse, which has been in uniwi>.ii ii>i. uii..ii_nliiiut 
this country for more thirty years. Prior to that time he 
realized the danger attendant ui>;in carrying in coaches the 
remains of children who died from contagious disease, and was 
the first to design and m.tke use of a scjiarate conveyance espec- 

n \ K I 1 ^ \v 

-.W >0l 111 Si;vi sill MKLtl. 

iaily adapted for that purpose. No act of his long business life 
hits given him more real credit, nor in fact, none more really 
meritoiious than the introduction of this hearse. 

Charles W. Compton is one of the best known men among the 
business characters of 
Newark, nor have 
many been more suc- 
cessful. As b e f o r e 
>tated, his business 
place at No. 21(1 Mar- 
ket street, is where he 
has done business 
all his life, as his 
honored father did 
before him. 

In thousands of 
homes Mr. Compton, 
in the performance of 
his professional 
iluties, with his sin- 
c e r e 1 y sympathetic 
manner, has moditied 
and alleviated t h e 
mournful situation at- 
tendant upon the 
disposing of their 
dead. In his earlier 
life M r. Compton 
crossed the o c e a 11 
several times in pur- 
suit of pleasure, and 
gathered a fund of 
knowledge at tlte 
same time, which he 
has otten used most 

ClI.VKl.KS W. i;O.MI'll>N. 




C. C. 2VIURR.A.Y. 

FEW indeed, among the many beautiful and artistic illustra 
tions in this book of gems, show more clearly the high order 
of photographic skill made manifest in every resultant picture, 
than this, where the home and business plant of C. C. Murray has 
been transferred to these pages of Newark, N. J., Ii.lustratkd. 
It is a fact that goes without the saying, that the photographed 
results to be obtained through the argus e\-e of the relentless and 
close-peering camera, must be of the most perfect, bold in outline 
and searching in character, before it is fit for the hand of the 
artist who transfers it to the plate, so that no question as to its 
merits shall ever arise. In the first place, unless its every line is 
raised in clearness no good results can be obtain'^d in its trans- 
ference. It is evident, as will be seen at a glance, and all will be 
sustained after the closest and most critical study of the result as 
seen in the picture under consideration, of Mr. Murray's elegant 
residence and undertaking business plant, all combined under one 
head, as spread before the reader on this page. Not alone have 
the artists, one and all, excelled in each of their individual depart- 
ments or lines in producing such an attractive and truthful 
delineative picture, but they have given the reader a chance to 
study the manner of man Mr. Murray is, as his face speaks out 
from its retiring place on this page. Any one who has had the 
pleasure of seeing Mr. Murray and transacting business with him, 
will see at a glance that the picture represents him admirably, 
and gives a starting point to that marvelous success which has 
marked his career as a business man and gave him such a stand- 
ing. From every mark seen around his face and head speaks out 
those characteristics so necessary to the successful business man, 
giving proof of his possessing the elements of character which 
have led up to the happy results which we shall endeavor to so 
depict in the few words following, that " he who runs may read." 
That Mr. Murray had no special training for the work in which 
he is engaged, is known to everybody who has the pleasure of h 
friendship and as close an association with those whom he loves to 
business man of his age. Any one who has the least smattering of 
from the facial standpoint, would see at once, as they scanned his 


IS acquaintance, and he has very many of them, and has as wide a 
meet and their society enjoy in his own peculiar way, as any other 
phrenological science, or has tried his hand at studying character 
wide-open countenance standing out in the illustration, plain and 
clear, that his predominating characteristics are benevolence and 
cautious kindness of heart, and perseverance, the latter ever ready 
to come in to assist in overcoming difficulties, while the others 
give him first, a hopeful spirit and a sympathizing nature, and 
second, an unselfish but careful way. 

In the spring of the 3-ear of 1S92, Mr. C. C. Murray, the under- 
taker, had erected on the plot of ground at the corner of 
Warren and Hudson streets, elegant new buildings in which to 
conduct his rapidly growing business. To its present proportions 
has the undertaking business grown in Mr. Murray's hands from 
very modest beinnings. Thirteen years ago, in the year 18S0, 
Mr. Murray began business at No. 14 Hunterdon street. From 
thence in 1 881, he removed to No. 295 Warren street, where he 
remained until the completion of his imposing edifice into which, 
after furnishing it modestly and becomingly, he removed in 1892. 
as above stated. 

In looking about for the causes wliich are to be held responsible 
for the happy results which have followed thick and fast on his 
successful career in the undertaking business, it will easily be 
seen in the character of the surroundings of everything in his 
neat and attractive place, which has little, indeed, of the somber 
character usually attendant upon undertakers' concerns, but 
principally in the honorable character of the man himself, always 
ready at call to serve the rich and poor alike, with a ready tact, a 
pleasing waj- and soothing manner, he ever attracts and seldom 
if ever repels. A friend to the friendless, and always by kindly 
words instilling hope and dispelling despair, his kindlmess mak- 
ing friends on all sides. With such a combination which always 
leads up to integrity in business, we have an easy solution of the 
question of the gratifying success which it is always a pleasure 
to record. 






IT IS ever a pleasure to call atteiUion, as well as to scan the 
beautiful, but it becomes doubly so in this connection, where 
the artist who photographed the picture on this page brought his 
camera to bear upon a spot where Nature had been lavish of her 
compliments of beauty before man had adorned it with his skill. 
Here is seen a part of that particularly well cared for city of the 
dead known as Fairniount Cemetery, where sleep so many of 
those who were once citizens of Newark. 'l"he view from which 
the picture was taken covers that portion of the cemetery upon 
which stands the famous Clawson monument, which shows up so 
beautifully, and is said to be the most attractive as well as one 
of the most costly monuments in the State of New Jersey. 



A THOROUGHLY complete establishment for the conduct of 
a general furnishing undertaking business, is that of 
Christian Volz, at No. 40 William street. In connection with 
his undertaking business Mr. Volz has a large number of coaches, 
drawn by excellent horses and handled b\' careful drivers. Mr. 
Volz's residence is at No. 44 William street, near by. Thus pro- 
vided with every necessary for the undertaking business is ever 
in readiness to conduct funerals in the very best manner and on 
the most reasonable terms. He has competent assistants and 
while always polite and painstaking himself, he sees to it that 
those he employs shall be the same. His line of goods is of such 
a general character that he can satisfy all comers and supply 
everj- want and demand. On this page is seen a photo of Mr. 
Volz, which is indeed lifelike and natural. 



FEW liverymen in Newark have met with 
greater success in their calling than the 
enterprising citizen whose ideal livery stable forms 
one of the illustrations herewith given. The 
establishment is one of the most complete and 
best equipped in the city, and is another demon- 
stration of what push, enterjirise and perseverance 
can accomplish. Mr. Mullin is also proprietor of 
the Standard Cab Company, and controls the 
largest number of the finest coaches to be found 
in any similar institution in the State. The plant 
is thoroughly equipped with every improvement 
known to the business, and emploj-ment is fur- 
nished to skilled harness makers, painters and 
blacksmiths on the premises. Besides being 
a practical business man, he is ever ready to 
respond to the call of progress, and devotes con- 
siderable time and attention to aquatic affairs. 
having for several years served as a commodore 
of the Passaic River Amateur Rowing Association. 
He also conducts an undertaking establishment 
on Harrison avenue, and is largely identified with 
the growth of Newark, of which he is an 
honorable representative. 


AMONG the undertakers of the city^ of Newark , 

few have risen to a more deserved promi- 
nence than Enoch B. Woodruff, whose offices and warerooms are 
at No. S46 Broad street. Here at all hours of the day and night 
lie is found ready to respond to the call of those who are so 
unfortunate as to need the services of an undertaker. An 
experienced female is always in attendance. For convenience 
of location the establishment has few equals and no superiors. 
Enoch B. Woodruff is one of the oldest undertakers in Newark, 
and is a worthy representative of the calling and a citizen of high 
standing. His photo on this page is truly life-like and natural. 




ONVENIENTLY located at No. 944 Broad street and at 

undertaking establishments, where during all hours of the day 
and night the public can have all their wants in this line satisfied. 
With a large experience and a carefully selected stock, he is ready 
to meet every call. A photograph of the gentlemanly head of this 
enterprising house is seen on this page. 






\^i KIN.\i;v STkliliT. 

AMOXG the main li\ery stable men who have achieved success in the business is David Cody, the stables of whom are seen on this 
page, and it will be considered superfluous to say that the picture speaks of them just as they are. Few men ever go into the 
livery business unless they are real lovers of the horse, and Mr. Cody does not differ from the great majority, since he will have none 
but the best of stock and the handsomest of turnouts, and what is more and better, he will permit none to abuse the patient animals 
under his care if in his power to prevent it. His establishment is what is known as the 9th Ward Livery Stable and is situate at Xos. 
53 and 55 East Kinney street. Everything about David Cody's stables and carriage houses are neat and tasty. A glance at the picture 
will show the most fastidious 
that he is the right man in the 
right place. 

F. W. MuNN's Livery Stable 

AT Xo. -6 Chestnut street is 
situate one of the largest 
and best conducted livery and 
boarding stables in the city of 
Xewark and is the home of one 
of the largest and best cab 
establishments. Mr. F. W. 
Munn is proprietor and man- 
ager. It is justly due the 
painstaking gentleman stand- 
ing at the head of this concern, 
to say that many of the finest 
livery turnouts and highest 
stepping horses are from his 
stables. The genial Captain 
Fordham will be found at the 
day and evening stand, near 
the corner of Broad, south side 
Market street, ready for calls. 




Clavton & HOKK Co. 


FEW cities of this country 
can boast of larger, better 
equipped or more honorably con- 
ducted establishments, than the 
rapidly growing metropolitan city 
of New Jersey, Newark on the 
Passaic. When the fact would 
be presented to the stranger, or 
one unacquainted with the livery 
business as conducted in this 
great manufacturing centre, that 
Newark supported more than 
fifty establishments where horses 
and vehicles can be obtained for 
hire, he would be startled by its 

Among these it is our pleasant 
duty to call special attention in 
this article to the great establish- 
ment conducted by the Clayton 
& Hoff Co., on Halsey street, 
near Market. These stables, 
which are so skillfully transferred 
to the pages of Newark, N. J., 

iLLtJSTRATED by OUT artist, cover the extensive plots known as Nos. ig6. 19S and 200 on the ea terlv side, and Nos. 217, 219 and 221, on 
the westerly side of Halsey street and the capacious and roomy buildings erected thereon, within these buildings are comfortably 
stabbled the more than one hundred horses kept constantly on hand for livery purposes. Among these are many fine appearing 
equines to haul the elegant buggies, carriages, coaches and landaus, an immense number of- which they have in styles and patterns, 
sufficient to satisfy the tastes of the most fastidious or exacting among the thousands who are their continious patrons. Not an 
unimportant part of their business arises from the great demand made on their immense resources for supplying on short notice, 
coaches and drivers for funerals, the former are always clean and sweet and woe betide the driver who rides in the driver's seat of 
one of Clayton & Hoffi's coaches, who is not always polite and painstaking or shows dereliction of duty. One thing is always 
certain to be found in this establishment, and that is polite attention. An application made for a rig in which to ride, be it for one 
of their swift steppers or high lookers, or one of their patient, safe and steady plodding dobbins, for they keep every variety, and 
turnouts of elegance or comfort, common or for a saddle horse to take a gallop on, is always ftiet in a business way, and the want 
supplied as though everybody was in a hurry. Elegance, care, cleanliness and dispatch are the leading words in Clayton & Hoff's 
business dictionary. That Newark is fortunate in the class of men who are engaged in the livery business is a fact that goes without 
the saying and Charles W. Clayton, who is the sole proprietor of the business, is only a representative of this large class of business 
men engaged in letting horses and carriages in the city of Newark. From very modest beginnings the business of this concern has 
grown to its present immense proportions under the fostering of this man of pluck and vim, and he can trace his success to the 
original motto, "determined to please," which has been carried out to the letter, not only by himself, but by all his employees. 
A visit to the stables is well worth the making by the lovers of the horse and the admirers of the stylish in harness, saddles, carriages 

or sleighs, stylish and elegant representatives of either, and all being found 
in the stables and repositories for vehicles and boudoirs and closets for the 
harness, robes, blankets, brooms, dusters and the fly nettings, a variety of 
which are kept constantly on hand for use. when necessity or emergency 
calls or efficiency demand. Mr. Clayton always delights to show those 
around the establishment,- in which he takes a personal interest and pride, 
who are in pursuit of pleasure or information as to where is the proper 
place to procure at a moderate price just such a turnout as they would like 
when they wish to ride or drive. 

Every year the Clayton & Hoff establishment send out a neat circular 
notifying the people as far as possible of the greatly increased facilities 
they have made, in order to please and gratif)- their old customers and 
point to others whom they are ready and willing to please. Mr. Clayton ig 
one of those men who believe in having a good thing, the very best the 
markets afford, and put into exercise the full measure of his push and vim 
to furnish everbodj- with " a good horse and carriage for a very little 

There is little doubt of this being one of the most thoroughly equipped 
livery stables in the city of Newark. Besides the paraphernalia proper, 
he has his own blacksmith, wheelwright and harness makers shops with 
skilled mechanics to operate them, all of which a wide-awake thinking 
public appreciate. The concern makes a specialty of furnishing horses 
and wagons separate or together by the day, week or month. Also two 
and four horse stages for pleasure parties and immense vans for moving, 
and store rooms for storing furniture. The manner of man Mr. Clayton is 
CHARLES w. cLA\ lu... may be seen from his photo on this page. 



Atlantic Window Shade Co. 



IE Atlantic Window Shade 
Co., which has its home at 
Nos. 104 and io6 Polk street, a 
beautiful illustration of the build- 
ing in which the industrj- is 
housed being seen on this page of 
Newark, N. J., Illustrated, as 
well as elegant likenesses of Mr. 
Ferdinand Grebe, the treasurer and 
general manager, and Julius Phil- 
ippson, the president and superin- 
tendent of the sales department. 
About five years previous to the 
organization of the Atlantic Win- 
dow Shade Company, a small busi- 
ness started for the purpose of 
stamping or printing hosiery, laid 
the foundations for this now pros- 
perous concern. Indeed, we have 
in the growth, conduct and success 
of this business another demonstra- 
tion of the success which results 
from push and vim, and the mighty 
growths of business industries 
which follow small beginnings. 
The buildings are of brick, three 
stories and basement, having a frontage on Polk street of forty feet and rear extension of ninety feet, giving a capacity which though 
capacious enough, apparently, is found in the busy season all too contracted for the demands made upon it, when the thirty-five to 
forty men, artists, painters and pencilists are hurrying oflF the tens of thousands of window shades in fulfillment of orders from all 
sections of the country, where the people have taste enough to adorn their windows with shades, not alone beautiful, but full of 
utility, which this house turns out in such quantities and such great variety of styles and patterns, some of the latter being simply 
marv-elous and full of attractions to those who are endowed with taste in harmony. 

That those who may be so fortunate as to turn the pages of this work of art, may know somewhat of the character and beauty of 
the window drapings turned out by Messrs. Grebe & Philippson in their Polk street plant, the writer of this brief sketch will 
endeavor to transfer some of the impressions of the elegant, rich and unique patterns which were shown during a recent visit and 
short sojourn in the halls where the artists work. It will be well to remember, to start with, that the very best part of the shade 
decorations are made by the artists skilled in oil painting. To stand for a moment and see the skill with which they transfer their 
minds, evolution of beauty to the shade, in the beautiful tlower piece, or animal, or bird representation, is simply entrancing and 
holds the \nsitor spell bound Here is an artist engaged in bringing out in detail on this shade of muslin a flower piece in which 
the beautiful calla of the Easter season predominates, while on that piece of linen another seems to call forth from the lily pads 
flowers in full bloom, so true to nature, and as it were, filling the room with the aroma from their great yellow stamens, and snow 
white petals, two swans so life-like that the ear is bent low as if to hear the notes of their famous life parting song : and here the picture 
of a squirrel so prettv that one would expect to hear his chirr as he scampers along the pine branch, laden with its seed bearing cones 

Pages might be used in the 

description of the rich and 

varied colors which are made 

to speak forth in finest tones. 

The company manufactures 

its own cloth in an endless 

variety of tints, from which the 

shades are cut, and mounted 0:1 

rollers ready for use. 

The growth of this business 

has been such that nettings of 

cloth and wire have been added 

and the printing of these nec- 
essaries to these sections of 

our country, where the blood 

drawing and life prolonging 

mosquito loves to dwell, has 

become an important adjunct 

to the business. Both gentle- 
men are Germans by birth, 

Newarkers by adoption and 

Americans in heart, and are 

doing their full share in the 

work of the upbuilding of 

industrial Newark. 





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R /I R. J. K. OSBORN, the president of the J. 

K. Osborn 
Manufacturing Conipan}-, was formerly of Riley & Osborn, 
and later treasurer of the Riley & Osborn Manufacturing Com- 
pany. He is one of the pioneers in the fancy metal goods business 
in our city. When Mr. Osborn first entered the brass business 
nearly all the fancy goods made of metal came from foreign 
shores, but through his energy and skill the trade of fancy brass 
goods in this country was supplied by his firm, and their produc- 
tion was not only sent throughout the United States, but Canada 
and the islands of the sea, in fact to every known country in the 
world, so world-wide had become the name of the old firm. Mr. 
Osborn has the facilities at the present time to still compete with 
the trade, and will continue to lead m all that is new and novel in 
the metal line. In former times all the military metal goods, all 
bags and satchel trimmings, all umbrella and parasol metal trim- 
mings, all ladies' belt buckles, hat pins and buckles, dress buckles, 
all society metal goods, cane handles and ferules, inkstands and 
all fancy articles, such as whisk holders, cigar holders, and in fact 
all articles in the fancy brass line were brought from England, 
Germany or France, but through the energy of Mr. J. K. Osborn 
these things have all been made here, and our buyers make no 
more costly and long journies across the waters for them, but at 
home they can find all and much more than ever was imported. 
This business has developed into such large proportions that the 
above named concern has recently moved into the large and com- 
modious building corner Hamilton street and Railroad avenue, 
which every traveler on the Pennsylvania Railroad can see. The 
building is situated at the southwest corner of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad station. 

There is hardly an industry in this city of teeming thousands, 
which turns out a greater variety of products than this in which 
Mr. J. K. Osborn has been so long engaged, and there are very 

few who have better, if indeed any, than this old pioneer of this 
line of Newark's manufactured products. One thing is very 
certain, and that is, the goods turned out under his supervision 
will stand test of comparison with anything turned out of the 
workshops of the world. The first thing which would strike 
the visitor as he looks into the great manufacturing establishment, 
is the air of contentment and the neatness pervading everywhere, 
and in particular, the care which Mr. Osborn exercises himself, 
so far as possible, over the manufacturing work going on. Of 
course a man can't keep an eye to everything, but as in all suc- 
cessful concerns, the fertility of the brain of the head of concerns 
is transferred to subordinates in charge of departments. So it is 
here. The genius and skill of Mr. Osborn goes out in all the 
goods manufactured. He is a thorough mechanic and bends to 
the work with the same degree of spirit and determination as 
though it had always been .smooth sailing in the good old ship 
of his business destin}\ 

The beautiful illustration on this page of the great buildings in 
which he is conducting his business speaks a language in regard 
to his thrift and enterprise better than anything the author might 
write. As the interested turns the pages of Newark, N. J., 
Illustrated, he will find art studies which for beauty of appear- 
ance and excellence of finish, ought to satisfy his longings, but 
among them all he will find few which speak a better or more 
truthful language than this, where so much manufacturing is 
carried on, which tend not alone to satisfy honor and enrich the 
conductors, but tending at the same time toward the upbuilding 
of the greatness of Newark as a manufacturing centre. 

To such men as Mr. Osborn then, a deep debt of gratitude is 
due for the good work they are doing toward maintaining, as well 
as the part they are playing in the upholding of a great industrial 



THE Newark City Coffee and Spice Mills are located at Xo. 55 Mechanic 
street. This favorably known establishment was begun April :, 1S81, in 
a very modest way, by the present proprietors, Messrs. David Blackwood and 
John Coykendall, both natives of Newark, and has been deser\-edly successful. 
None in the line of trade stands better with its patrons. The increasing busi- 
ness compelled them to seek larger quarters, and in 1S90 they erected a hand- 
some three-story brick building. 2o.\ioo, as shown in this illustration It is 
equipped throughout with entirely new machinery of the latest improved 
kinds. Their coffee roasters, boiler, engine, &c. , are all located on the third 
floor. The building is also equipped with an elevator, running from the cellar 
to the third floor. The capacity of the coffee roasting machinerj- is 6,000 
pounds per day. They give employment to ten men, and do a very satisfac- 
tory business yearly. The business is entirely wholesale, and extends 
throughout New Jersey. The stock carried is large and full, embracing al] 
the various grades of green coffees, teas and spices, also foreign and domestic 
dried fruits and nuts and grocers' sundries. We commend this house to our 
readers as deserving their liberal support and patronage. 


OXK of the most prolific business fields in the mercantile world is that of 
the grocer. In no other line are the demands quite so great as in those 
of that trade. Everybody must needs come in contact with men engaged in 
dispensing groceries, as all must have his commodities to a greater or less 
e.xtent. So it is that he who takes up the grocers' baton and wields it 
honorably and manfully is certain of success. Thus in the subject of this 
sketch, it is plain enough, have been embodied these necessary qualifications 
to insure the .success which is crowning his career. In the two large stores 
under his care at the comer of Belleville avenue and Oriental street and corner 
of Pacific and Walnut streets, is Mr. Edward Tunison engaged, and who 
shows the manner of man he is in the exact likeness on this page. 


THE push and vim of Newark men has a demonstration in the subject of 
this sketch, Mr. William F. Coulter, who conducts a wonderfully suc- 
cessful wholesale grocery business at No. 255 Market street. In all probability 
there is a larger number of Newark's successful business men who have won 
their standing in the mercantile world by enterprise and real pluck than in 
any other place of its population in the country. In this great manufacturing 

centre, where 
the hum of in- 
dustry is heard 
on all sides, 
there comes up 
an incentive to 
be up and doing. 
The 1 i ne of 
trade in which 
Mr. Coulter is 
engaged is one 
that requires 
energy, and 
enterprise t o 
achieve success. 
By close appli- 
cation to busi- 
ness and an in- 
dustry that 
knows no 
flagging, M r . 
William F . 
Coulter, whose 
likeness we 
show, has 
placed himself 
high up on the 
mercantile roll. 







FEklilNANli K.NiiKkLlN. 


THE industry of book binding, which is conducted by Messrs. 
Ferdinand EnderHn & Son, is one of the leading industries 
carried on in this city. Books bound in the city of Newark find 
their way into all parts of the world, and the very excellent 
character of the binding done here, gives this city of almost 
innumerable industrial pursuits the call through the nations. 

Many of the books printed in New York and other cities are 
bound in Newark. Among the leading houses conducting this 
industry stands that of Ferdinand Enderlin & Son, located at No. 
216 Market street, in the Compton Building, where some of the 
very best work done in the city is performed, and from which 
many elegantly bound books find their waj- to the parlor tables 
and libraries throughout the land. 

Few, indeed, of our citizens have the faintest idea of the 
magnitude of the book binding industry as carried on in this 
industrial centre. In no city in the country has there been such 
a wonderful development of the industry as can be seen in the 
leading book binding establishments, and none among those 
have given it a greater impetus than this house under considera- 
tion. The business was established in 1878, and to-day they have 
one of the very best plants in the city. Within the bindery of 
Enderlin & Son are all the very latest discovered and improved 
appliances and machinery known to the book binders' art. The 
firm consists of father and son and both are practical mechanics. 
Mr. Enderlin, Jr. , is the business manager of the concern. Atten- 
tion is called to their photographs on this page. 


\\ , M(.>KKl^i>N. 

FEW men engaged in business in this rapidly growing indus- 
trial centre have a wider field than those known as photo- 
graphers. Away up in the attic rooms of the highest buildings 
along the principal thoroughfares and the busiest streets these 
men ply their vocation, and bring forth from the eye of the 
searching camera, likenesses of men, women and children. 
Among those artists engaged in this calling which has so much of 
beauty as its result, is Mr. Wilmarth Morrison, who has his 
studio at 177 Ferry street. Mr. Morrison is full of enterprise and 
is a practical mechanic as well as skilled artist and while making 
a business of photography in general, he makes a specialty of 
portrait work. Many of the photos forming the illustrations on 
the pages of this book are results of his skill and produced in his 
studio. A photographic likeness of Mr. Morrison forms one of 
the illustrations of this page of New.\rk, N. J. Illustr--\ted. 





THE above is a view of the awning and flag department of the 
Jackson Awning Co.. whose factory occupies the two top 
floors of Xo. 186 Market street, this city, where over i.fxx) square 
feet of floor room is occupied in the manufacturing of all kinds of 
awnings, tents, flags, banners, signs, wagon covers, horse covers, 
nose bags and canvass goods of every description. The firm also 
does considerable work for the United States Government, having 
just completed a contract for 20,000 pillow cases, and now have a 
contract for 10,000 mosquito canopies for the Government. The 
company rents out tents for camping-out parties and lawn parties 

and furnish floor crash and sidewalk canopies for weddings, 
receptions, etc. They do the largest business in the decorating 
line of any firm in the State. They have over 4,000 flags of all 
nations, which they use for that purpose, and can decorate for 
any puq>ose, both inside and outside, at a moment's notice. Their 
business is not confined to the city of Newark, but they furnish 
awnings and flags, also decorations, for all parts of the United 
States, and have shipped awnings to South America through a 
New York shipping house. They took the premium for the hand- 
somest decorations on a private house in the city of Detroit, 
Mich., during the G. A. R. encampment in 1S91. They also were 
highly complimented for their handsome decorations at Washing- 
ton. D. C, during the encampment of i8i;2. The success of the 
business is due to the push and energy of Mr. J. Weslie Jackson, 
who is president and treasurer of the company, behaving started 
the business in 1S78 and built it up successfully by his energy and 
hard work until 1SS6, when the company was organized as a stock 
company under the State law of New Jersey, since which time 
Mr. Jackson has been the treasurer atid principal executive officer 
of the company, 

Mr. Jackson, whose photo, is shown here, was born in Morris 
county, this State, and at the age of seventeen enlisted as a 
drummer boy in the 27th N. J. Volunteers, and returned with the 
regiment to Newark, where he reenlisted as corporal in the 33d 
N. J. Vet. Vols., and served with his regiment as color guard 
during the Atlanta campaign in the 2d brigade, 2d division, 20th 
A. corps, under Gen. Joseph Hooker. After the fall of Atlanta 
he was detailed for duty at corps headquarters as scout and 
messenger, where he remained until the fall of Richmond. He 
returned with his regiment to Newark, having been promoted to 
second lieutenant for bravery. He is a member of Lincoln Post, 
No. II, G. A. R., Department of New Jersey ; is a Republican in 
politics, but has never held office except Superintendent of 
Wharfs of the city of Newark for six years, while he had his 
factory on the dock. 




THE rapid growth and marvelous expansion of the business conducted by Alsdorf & 
Co., at No. 605 Broad street, is only another demonstration of the fact, that the man 
or set of men who start out with a determination to stand by the golden rule in all their 
transactions , are sure to win. The business of the house which is now under consideration , 
is three-fold in character, or consists of three branches under one head, viz : Bicycles, 
pianos and sewing machines. From modest beginnings indeed, did Alsdorf & Co begin 
the work of building up a trade, which to-day rivals any house in the State in the value of 
goods handled and the amount of business transacted. From the modest establishment in 
Academy street, just opposite the post-office, where they began the work of building up 
their great business, which is the pride of every Newarker who has the honor of the firm's 
acqaintance, they moved to their present elegant and roomy quarters. Our artist has 
shown a wonderful degree of skill in transferring to these pages of New.^rk, N. J., Illus- 
trated, the several photographic views of this immense mercantile emporium. The 
interior views which represent the front and rear of the first floor or main store and sales- 
room, which has a depth of 220 feet, where the hundreds of the beautiful wheels, many of 
which are truly gems, and some of them so inviting, there isn't much reason left when one 
looks and admires why they should not buy them ; especially so when the terms of 
payment are made so easy that it don't take a very stiff purse to do the business In fact 
anybody who is honest enough to pay sometime needn't go on foot. 

But old and young can glide away. 

On the shimmering wheel so bright and gay ; 

Can be up and off at break of day. 

Over the hills and so far away. 

The ne.xt is a representation of the sewing machines, of an almost endless variety of ilam ..'t t. aloi.i.kk .^ co. 

styles and patterns, and occupy the rear, while those charming pianos made by Sohmer 

and several other makers, so sweet in tone, have their abiding in the front of the second floor. And yet there's another which 
demonstrates the artist's skill with full greater truthfulness, in the picture which gives a superb view of the workshop on the third 

floor, where the workmen are seen, spectre-like, flitting to and 
fro, as they make the new, or rejuvinate the old, whether it be 
piano, bicycle or sewing machine, its apparently all the same to 
them in the picture. 

On the fourth floor they maintain a riding school, where girls 
and boys, ladies and gentlemen, are taught to ride, free of charge. 
Here is another giving a correct view of the entire building or 
street front elevation of this Alsdorf & Go's wonderful industrial 
bee-hive, from which go forth daily large numbers of swift flying 
bicycles and sewing machines, and upright pianos of sweet tone. 
An hour or two, or even several, could not be more pleasantly, 
or for that matter, more profitably spent, than in a visit to this 
establishment of Alsdorf & Co. Could it be done when either 
Mr. Alsdorf or Mr. DuBois are found at leisure the visit would 
prove much more satisfactory, since a conductor through the 
infinite maze of bicycles and sewing machines, saying nothing 
about the pianos, which are here housed by the hundreds. The 
names, makes and numbers of the wheels the visitor would most 
admire or might be induced to buy, can be so nicely stated and 

pleasantly rehearsed by either of these gentlemen, who have made them all study, and then they always study to please. They and 

their salesmen are so painstaking that none can go away that have paid attention to the disquisitions which they are always prepared 

to give on the subject of the wheel or the sewing machine as a "motor," or the piano's fine qualities, on which they love to dwell, 

while the visitor looks and admires, and finally settles the fact in 

his or her own mind that the place to buy one of these absolute 

necessities for human welfare, is where they sell them the 

cheapest, and those that are best, and the place, right where they 

are, and where such evidently practical and honorable gentlemen 

are the chaperons and salesmen. A grand elevator carries 

passengers from floor to floor, and the pianos, wheels and sewing 

machines are taken up and down without a marr or scratch. 
Early in the present wheel excitement Alsdorf & Co. caught it 

on the fly, (as it were) and did a great work in supplying the 

material for the upbuilding of this great and growing industry. 

Mr. DuBois is an expert 'cyclist, and is never averse to taking a 

spin through the country, and especially is this so when somebody 

is in pursuit of a wheel. He is always ready to demonstrate the 

extra good quality of those they have in store, and they never 

deal in any but the best, and everything is warranted and sold 

for the least possible price, either for cash or on installments, on 

terms so easy that none need be so poor as to be unable to buy. 




^^^^^^■^^M> t^ 
















The marvelous facts that everybody ought to be aware of, are 
well understood by the firm, that the wheel is a genuine promoter 
of the appetite, a sure dyspeptic renovator, uric acid eliminator, 
muscle developer, and long life promoter, and they never tire in 
acting the roll of educators. If there were more Alsdorfs and 
DuBois, (who is a nephew of Mr. Alsdorf) who like these men, 
would ceaselessly endeavor to keep the people up to the work of 
developing the chest and strengthening the lungs by a spin on 
the wheel out in the fresh air, there would be far less narrow 
chests, hacking coughs — in short, very much less tubercular con- 
sumption. Alsdorf & Co. cimferred a great boon on the ladies 
when they succeeded in inducing them to throw off that foolish 
modesty which kept them for years from adopting the habit that 
gentlemen so long enjoyed, and ridmg the bicycle wheel. 

The visitor must not forget, in liK>king and yearning, that there 
is yet something for his attention. The New Hf)me light running 
swift and strong sewing machines, hundreds of which the house 
is seeking customers for. Also elegant pianos, in the height of 
fashion, and for prices so low, and on terms so easy, as to be truly 
startling, and within the reach of every desire. To Alsdorf & 

Co., then, are due the thanks of hundreds of families whose 
struggles have been so wonderfully mitigated through their truly 
beniticent plan of putting excellent sewing machines into their 
hands on the most liberal of terms. With the outlay of a few 
dollars a month as a payment on one of their swift running 
machines, many a family has been enabled, not alone to procure 
this mighty helpmeet, but also benizens of comfort to household 
and self, to which they would have long remained strangers 
perhaps, had not the studious and thoughtful care of this liberal 
house placed them within their reach. 

Then again, as if the cup of the public gratitude toward this 
firm was not full to the running over, they must needs, in fulfill- 
ing their grand mission, place in many a home a beautiful iiiano, 
where even the sound of sweet music had seldom been heard 
before. Alsdorf & Co. had in their generous business methods 
made its advent certain. Not a few who have improved the oppor- 
tunities offered by Alsdorf & Co., of cultivating their musical 
talent, are playing for the public. 

It is a pleasure indeed, to refer to the life-like photos of these 
men, which the artist has so skillfully transferred to these pages. 






IT IS to say nothing derogatory of the many other great mer- 
chandizing establishments of the city of Newark engaged in 
the same line with the house under consideration, when the 
declaration is put in print which speaks in the language of merited 
praise due the furniture and house-furnishing goods emporium of 
Muller & Schmidt, situate in the elegant brick structure 
extending from No. 
93 to 97 inclusive, on 
Spi'ingfield avenue, a 
street which is rapidly 
advancing in commercial 
importance. These great 
buildings, known as the 
business plant, wherein 
is housed the immense 
stock i n trade of this 
wide-awake and progres- 
sive mercantile firm, is 
only a leading represen- 
tative house of hundreds 
of other similar estab- 
lishments for business on 
this avenue. Among 
these are some as large 
and rich in merchandize 
as the noted stores of 
Broad and Market streets. 
Muller & Schmidt were 
among the first to sow 
the seed of business and 
to reap the rich harvest 
of trade on Springfield 
avenue. The first these 
enterprising men scat- 
tered was but a handful, 
and so rich and produc- 
tive did the soil of the 
hill region prove, that 
they have not only con- 
tinued to add more and 
more to their business, 
but others caught the 
incentive to try their 
hand at Springfield ave- 
nue merchandizing, and 
while Muller & Schmidt 
have grown to the grand 
proportions of to-day, 
there are many more 
representative stores 
along the avenue, making 
it unnecessary for pur- 
chasers to go down or out 

of town to procure their supplies. The result of all this has been 
that more room was soon demanded and greater facilities 
required. To meet these wants they purchased the ground and 
erected the elegant brick structure at Nos. 113, 115 and 117 
Springfield avenue, near West street, and extending fifty-five 
feet in William street, and thus forming a great commercial 
centre on the hill. 

These stores are built of brick, four stories and basement, 
finished in Georgia pine, and furnished throughout magnificently 
with every convenience for the comfort of the small army of 
clerks and the accommodation of customers. Hydraulic eleva- 
tors ply from basement, to attic and roof. The stock of goods 
this house carries will vie with any in the State, and the prices 

are so low, and the terms so easy, that all can come and buy.. 
Attention is also directed to the beautiful illustration of this 
enterprising establishment on this page of Newark, N. J., 
Ii.i.usTR.\TED. Within the walls of these great structures, which 
are so beautifully brought out in the photo view and pen 
sketch here given, is found on exhibition and sale everything 

necessary for housekeep- 
ing purposes. Their 
stock of tapestry and 
ordinary Brussels carpet- 
ing must needs be seen 
to be appreciated. Along 
with the carpeting comes 
the oil cloths in infinite 
variety of styles, quali- 
ties and patterns on the 
second floor. On the 
third floor are seen the 
extension tables and 
dining-room furnishing 
goods, much of which is 
so attractive, beautiful 
and unique as to make 
the on-looker hungry, 
not alone to eat, but buy 
as well, the handsome 
things preparatory-. 
Here as well as on the 
fourth floor are seen the 
bed room suits, many of 
which are so attractive, 
rich and beautiful as to 
captivate the desire to 
possess at once. 

In the basement are 
stored the stoves, ranges 
and heavier goods so 
necessary in housekeep- 
ing, while the very 
lightest wares find their 
abiding places in the 
attic, and far away from 
the lounges, so invitingly 
arranged along the 
elevator route. In order 
to keep everything cool, 
from attic to cellar, 
during the oppressive 
warm weather the house 
carries refrigerators o f 
many very inviting styles 
and patterns. 

Muller & Schmidt do 
business on the grand old principles of live and let live, and 
believe that a "nimble sixpense is far better than a slow 
shilling." The comfortable and rapid electric cars of the Spring- 
field avenue line pass the door. 

The friends of progress, who are ready to exult over success 
achieved, will find opportunity in the presence of the great 
stores of Muller & Schmidt, who have solved the problem on 
c;pringfield avenue. On this spot, and in the conduct of the house 
furnishing goods business, Muller & Schmidt have made abund- 
antly manifest the fact that " where there's a will there's a way." 
Polite, painstaking, experienced and honorable clerks and 
salesmen stand ready at every counter, and in every part of this 
great mercantile bee-hive, to attend your every beck and call. 




ONIC of the few furniture manufacturing 
houses that Newark has, is the Rossnagel 
Furniture Co.'s plant, located at Xos. 140 and 142 
Walnut street. This house was established by 
Mr. William Rossnagel in 1869, in a small way, 
and under his vigorous and excellent manage- 
ment grew to be one of importance. 

His death occuring in 1S79, his widow. Mrs. 
Mary A. Rossnagel, continued the business under 
the management of Mr. J. G. Rossnagel. 

In July, 1SS8, the present company was formed 
with William D., and Walter Rossnagel as part- 
ners, who have since successfully prosecuted the 

The store occupied is a tine double one, 30 foot 
wide, and running 'L" shape, almost to New 
York avenue. Three floors are in use. making a 
total floor space of over 12.000 square feet. 

The first and second floor, used as salesroom 
and offices, display medium and high-class bed 
room suits, parlor furniture, chairs, bedding and 
sideboards. The third floor is used as upholster- 
ing and bedding shops, (this is a well lighted 
roftm, giving employment to four upholsterers, 
two mattress makers and four cabinet makers the 
year round, all experienced men, and turn out work). The ''L" annexed is used as . ■. .- ,.i. . ~ .,.. . ..• , ,. ,\ , .1 , >iiv 1.1. 

stock rooms. Every convenience is provided for 

the business, and all prices are the lowest consistent with legitimate business. The low rents prevailing in this section, is a drawing 
card with this house, as it enables them to sell much cheaper than if they were on a business street. It is one of the most reliable 
and prompt dealing houses of the kind in the city, and customers may safely rely upon all representations made when purchasing of 
them. I'nder its present control, the business continues to and the reputation of the old house is ably sustained. 



FlCW men engaged in business in Newark have earned a better 
right to the title of self-made men. than the conductor of 
the great house furnishing emporium, located at No. 73 Market 
street. It is but little more than a quarter of a century since 
Amos H. Van Horn, who had started business in a small way, 
heard the clarion call from the trumpet of President Lincoln to 
rally for the defense of the Union, left his all, enlisted and went 
to war. Faithfully and sincerely young Van Horn fought his 
way through the war and returning in safety, wears the honored 
badge of a veteran. On his return he at once re-opened business 
and by the exercise of that wise discretion and shrewd business 
tact, he has risen from step to step, always keeping his affairs 
well in hand, and ever willing to accept new and promising 
theories, he has gone on and on. increasing, enlarging and 
advancing, until the house furnishing goods establishment over 
which Amos H, Van Horn, the veteran soldier and successful 
self-made man and merchant presides, is one of the largest in the 
State. The manner of man Amos H. Van Horn is, can be seen 
in the life-like photo of him on this page. 

The lots on which Mr. Van Horn conducts his business, have a 
frontage of fifty-one feet on Market street, extending from Nos. 
fif) to 73 inclusive. The buildings are four stories high and two 
hundred feet deep. Broad stairways extend from basement to 
attic and an elevator plys to ail the stories carrj-ing customers 
and furniture. With all the room his great buildings furnished, 
the mighty increase of his business called for more. First he 
bought opposite to his rear, on Campbell street, erected another five 
story building, thus occupying Nos. 23, 25, 27 and 29 on the north, 
and 26, 28, 30 and 32 on the south side of Campbell street. More 
room was the crj', till he bought through to Bank street, and built 
No. 88 of buff brick and blue stone, five stories, basement and attic. 



Thk Hagopiax i^hoto-Engraving Co. 

IN NO line of industry has greater improvements been 
accomplished during the last quarter of a century than in 
the engraving art. On this page are produced specimens 
engraved by the Hagopian Photo-Engraving Company, whose 

business is c o n- 
ducted at No. 3 
Great Jones street, 
N e w York city. 
This enterprising 
house has pro- 
duced the greater 
number of the 
finest illustrations 
to be found on the 
pages of Newark, 
N. J. , Illustrated. 
The head of the 
firm has been con- 
nected with the 
industry during 

the past twenty- 
AKTisr. '■ . -; 

five years, and is 

perhaps entitled to 
be designated one of the pioneers in the photo-engraving 
business of the United States, having learned the art of 
engraving on wood with William \V. Rowland, Esq. In 1S6S, 
three years later, he assumed entire charge of the engraving 
department of the Actenic Company's plant, which was the first 
known to produce 
printing plates 
from photos, b y 
the J. C. Moss Being an 
artist, and expert 
engraver, with a 
thorough know- 
ledge of photo- 
graphy, he studied 
and experimented 
in the processes, 
and was rewarded 
by discovering 
several new meth- 
ods which made 
him an expert in 
the business. It 
was Mr. Hagopian 

who founded the American Photo-engraving Company, and 
during his career with them they were noted for producing the 
best work in the trade. After leaving the company his services 
were secured by the Photo engraving Company of Park Place, 
with whom he served ten years as superintendent of inventions 

and processes, and 
he was also identi- 
fied with the well- 
known house of 
James R. Osgood 
lie Co., of Boston, 
Mass. In Jla)*, 
1S91, he associated 
himself with Mr. 
Albert G. Katabd- 
jian, who is also a 
practical engraver 
with twelve years 
experience, and 
had_charge of the 
engraving depart- 


ment of a promi- 
nent establishment 
for several years, 
and established the 
present plant, 
which is fitted up 
with every known 
improvement tend- 
ing to perfect the 
work, and reduce 
the cost of engrav- 
ings, thus en- 
abling every one 
Rf'iTiNc. so inclined to 

illustrate their 
books, papers, cat- 
alogues, etc., at the least possible expense. The fimi recom- 
mends their new and latest process, as the neatest, cleanest and 
most durable, when good malarial and workmanship are required, 
as well as for all-around work, over the numerous processes now 
in use. The firm make a specialty of producing printing plates 
of the best quality 
on zinc and copper. 
Estimates, etc., 
cheerfully fur- 
nished upon appli- 
cation to the com- 
pany. ■; 

The work per- 
formed b y these 
enterprising citi- 
zens have made a 
complete revolu- 
tion in the engrav- 
ing business, es- 
pecially is this so 
in the immense re- 
duction of the cost K.NGKAW.N... 
of illustrating such 
works as this, 

which, it is safe to say, would have been, so far as the beautiful 
plates are concerned, ten times what this company has been 
enabled to produce them for, under their late improved, scientific 
and artistic methods, the work accomplished being equally as 
if not better, than if it were done by the old process. A 

full and satisfying 
demonstration of 
this fact can be 
seen by the least 
observant, as the 
pages are turned, 
upon each of which 
in all their beauty 
of line and perfec- 
tion of detail, they 
are seen. If far- 
ther evidence is 
needed of the 
truthfulness of the 
statement of the 

wonderful saving 

the new processes 

of this company 

have achieved, the 

evidence which would prove convincing to the most exacting, can 

be had from the lips of the compiler, in the happy result of the 

mighty saving which these artists have made possible for him. 

It has' been a very pleasant surprise to him in procuring material 

for this beautiful work, how such elegant engraving could be 

produced for such a small sum of money. 





CLL'B life in Newark is different from that of any other 
city, in that it partakes so little of selfishness. It is 
characteristic of Xewarkers, that once they realize that they 
are heartily enjoying something to endeavor to bring others in 
to share it with them. The Progress Club is undoubtedly one 
of the clubs that is in a flourishing condition. In the matter 
of thorough enjoyment it leads all the rest. The members 
entertain their friends in a royal manner all the year round, 
in the winter season giving a series of receptions and entertain- 
ments. The home of the Progress Club, which they recently 
purchased, is at Nos. g and 11 West Park street, in one of the 
choicest localities of the city. It is a handsome brown stone 
four stories and basement. In the basement are the kitchen, 
boiler room, storage and wine rooms, on the first floor ar*; a 
large double parlor, reception room, librarj*, dining room and 
ladies' retiring room. On the second floor are the main card 
room, director's room, secretary's office and a handsomely 
appointed cafe. This floor is fitted up in cherry and has hard 
\voo<l floors. The billiard room and card rc»ims are on the 
third floor and on the fourth floor is the hall, used for ban- 
quets, sociables and meetings. The house is handsomely 
furnished, and lighted by electricity and gas. The club was 
organized in 1872, as the X. X. C, and the members were 
pledged to secrecy as to the meaning of its initials. In 1S87, 
the name " Progress Club," was adopted and became an 
incorporated body. The club's quarters were then at Xo. 882 
Broad street. In iSSS, the club removed to its present home. 
The club has a membership of about i;o. The officers are 
Samuel Froehlich. president ; Leser Lehman, vice-president : 
Louis Schlesinger, financial secretary ; Julius Barthman, 
recording secretary ; Louis Plant, treasurer. 


gSHiffiff fffiB 


AMONG the many successful photographers in the city of 
Newark, few, if indced'anj-. rank higher and enjoy a 

more liberal patronage than J.^Rennie Smith, whose studio is 

at Xos. 727 and 729 Broad street. _ His isone of the largest and 

most imposing among the large number in the city. It occupies the entire upper floor of the well-known Bolles Building, next door 

north of the post office. The extent and capacity of his exhibition room is such that his works of art are displayed most advantage- 
ously. He has been suspending portraits on the side walls and placing 
beautiful photos in show cases for a quarter of a century, of the 
thousands of his patrons, who have been caught in the scrutinizing 
gaze of the argus-eyed camera, and have passed the finishing process 
and through the deft fingers of the genial and large hearted artist and 
proprietor. Beside the remarkably correct and speaking photo like- 
nesses of many of the people of Xewark, of the present and past genera- 
tions, he has many excellent portraits of well-known persons, and photos 
by the thousands of articles manufactured in this great industrial 
centre. Xot a small part of his business lies in this direction of photo- 
graphing many of the manufactured products of many of the great 
manufacturing establishments, such as trunks, saddles, harness and 
harness trimmings and mountings, cutlery, fancy goods, sewing 
machines, etc. During the summer months for the past four years, Mr. 
Smith has conducted a photographic establishment at Asbury Park, 
near the easterly foot bridge connecting the twin cities of Ocean Grove 
and Asbury Park. This summer studio and home of the beautiful art 
of which J. Rennie Smith is an acknowledged master, has been 
e.xtremely popular with the people, who visit these resorts. Few indeed, 
of the delights of these beautiful seaside places are better repaying than 
the photos, in group or single, obtained from a sitting before Mr. Smith's 
camera in his attractive studio at the Park. 

Many rare samples of Artist J. Rennie Smith's suberb photos are seen 
on the pages of this work, as well as many of the great plants of 
Newark's industrial pursuits and likenesses of their conductors , all ot" 
which have been brought out with man'elous skill from pictures made 
by himself and other Newark artists. 



THE accompanying photograph of the late Mr. Alfred Lister, very truly repre 
sents the gentleman as he appeared during his later j^ears. Mr. Lister was 
one of Newark's most prominent, highly esteemed and public spirited citizens, 
a representative business man and large real estate owner. He was born at 
Answorth, England, near the Scottish border, passing his early years VFork- 
ing in his father's bone button factory. Arriving at manhood he came to 
America in 1S43, locating with his father in New York city. From here the 
business was removed to Dobbs Ferry, N. Y., in 1S49. Again another 
change was made to Tarrytown, N. Y., in 1S51. Here the business grew 
so rapidly that, after marrying his only wife, with whom he lived for over 
thirtv years, stUl another change was deemed advisable. His attention 
being called to the valuable factory locations on the Passaic river, this 
city, he purchased the site now the Lister Agricultural Chemical Works, 
in 1S62. His brother, Edwin Lister, who had been continually with him, 
was taken into equal partnership. By great enterprise and indefatigable 
labor the firm of Lister Bros, was rapidly taking first place among the 
fertilizer manufacturing concerns of the world. To such an extent was 
the business increased that in 1S85 a stock company was formed, with a 
capital of $600,000. under the style of Lister's Agricultural Chemical Works. 
Mr. Alfred was elected president, but served for only one year, owing to 
unpleasant business associations. His interest of nearly one half was 
invested in real estate in this city, Orange and Baltimore. Md. At one time 
his interest was valued at nearly one milUon. After a few years of this new 
experience, his old longing for his chosen field returned to him, causing an entire 
change from real estate to fertilizer business. This firm known as the H. S. 
Miller Co., was formed in 1S8S, and after a few years, in which time a very prosper- 
ous business was done, and was fast becoming a rival of the Lister's Agricultural 
Chemical Works ; by some mis-management, a suspension of business was necessi- 
tated, and indebtedness of $450,000 remained to be paid. There being little resource, 





„ -j,_ii? 

-" -A 

'^ y^ 





1 hV^ J«!^ 

"^ Wk \% 111,, ,jjii ,ii 



the bulk of this was secured to creditors in the real estate by Mr. Lister's endorsements. This blow served to unsettle the mind of 
Mr. Lister, who, accompanied by his physician on a trip South by a coasting steamer. lost his life in the waters near the island of 
Cuba. His remains were brought to New York, and taken to the family plot in Tarrj'town Cemetery, X. Y., by his Masonic lodge. 
A handsome monument, erected to the memor\- of this excellent man, now bears his name aloft in the beautiful grounds where he is 
buried. Mr. Alfred Lister was a man of great heart and sterling worth, was a man in the fullest sense of the word, strictly regarding 
integrity. He was well-read, having a most complete library of scientific works. Alfred Lister was, indeed, a student, and much 
of his success in his earlier years can be attributed to his studious habits 
and scientific attainments. 


THE photo herewith given represents the late John B. Thorn, who was 
well and favorably known to the citizens of Newark, and especially 
to the members of the city's fire department, for whose honor he labored 
zealously during more than half a centurj-. He was honored with every 
position in the department, but that of chief, and discharged the duties of 
the numerous stations with credit to himself and the good name of the 
Newark fire department. His shapeless and almost lifeless body was 
gently carried from the ruins of a fire at the Rubber works, one beautiful 
spring morning in 1857. At that time it was thought he would never return 
to duty, as he lingered between life and death for several days and nights, 
but he finally survived, although he remained a cripple with impaired 
health for the remainder of his life. A notable incident in this great, hon- 
est and fearless fire laddie is worthy of mention. Shortly after his return 
to duty he was elected by his fellow citizens to represent them in the Com- 
mon Council, and upon learning that he could not hold two offices, he 
promptly resigned the aldermanship, with the remark. " I would rather be 
a fireman, than Governor of the State." Such a man needs no sermon, no 
monument, no lengthy obituarj-, his name and the meraorj' of his noble 
deeds will forever remain as a beacon light in the brave hearts of the 
gallant fire laddies of the city. 

V V f 





ENOUGH has been already 
recorded in the preced- 
ing pages of this beautiful, 
and what we trust, will make 
it equally an entertaining book, 
j'et we cannot consider the task 
complete until a few words 
shall be said as to what are the 
advantages Newark has to hold 
out as inducements for strang- 
ers to come and dwell within 
the city limits, or choose a domi- 
cil close by in some of her 
environments. As any one can 
see, from a glance at the beau- 
tiful pictures adorning almost 
every page, that in carrying 
out the design of the work, both 
the illustrations andletter press, 
are almost entirely confined to 
the manufacturing interests 
concentrated withm her bounds. 
The fact, that within the cor- 
poration limits of the cosmo- 
politan city of Newark, there 
are at least two hundred thous- 
and souls, is enough in itself to 
prove its elegibility for resi- 
dences and that it must be a 

pretty good sort of a place to live in. While in refutation it may be answered in the language of the old axiom, " where there's so 
much smoke there must be some fire," that is to say where there is such a multitudinous number and variety of industries carried on 
and so many manufacturing establishments conducted, there must necessarily be very many opperators engaged and many mechanics 
employed, and where they are, there their families most assuredly be. It is an old saying and a very true one, that "industry 
breeds contentment," and contentment brings in return happiness, and happiness finds its richest culmination in the home and at the 
fireside of the mechanic and skilled workman. It may as well be added just here, that within the immediate vicinity of the cit}-, in 
the suburbs proper, there are nearly a hundred thousand more people, all of whom are within the field of that influence mentioned, 
and sensitive to the same causes, so that which would thrill in one, will send a throb to the other. Long before the thought of her 
ever becoming the " Birmingham of America," had entered into the brain of any anticipator of such bright fortunes in store for 

'Newark, her]^ delights as a place of residence had gone abroad on the peace- 
ful wings of many a bird of promise. 

' One of the first things Newark has offered to strangers seeking a place 
of settlement for their families, is readily seen and delightfully presented 


KEslDE.N'CE ul CllAKLEa NulJS. 




in her almost incomparably beauty of location. Approach New- 
ark from whatever way you will, only be the place from whence 
a view is first opened at such an elevation that the perspective 
can be so taken, that there can be a full realization of all those 
beautiful valleys, hills and elevations, which so charmed to their 
staying our early relations, as they rowed up the beautiful Pas- 
saic, amid bowers of sweet and scented cedars, lining its banks 
and covering the meadows, and the stately oaks, the hickorys, 
and chestnuts, and beeches, with sugar and bird's eye maples on 
the hills, where they tented before the woodman's axe had felled 
them, and the carpenters and masons, architects and builders, 
had changed all into homes and the painters had painted their 
houses. Then, as the eye first catches the vision of beauty, 
always presenting like a diamond in its setting, and ever present- 
ing so many lines and so many angles of reflection that the site 
is beautiful and satisfying. No stranger ever came up the 

the city, geographically or commercially speaking, is at the point 
of their intersection. On either side of these thoroughfares are 
located the larger part of the public buildings and commercial 
houses, although extensive merchantile establishments and other 
large business houses may be found on many streets, crossing, 
intersecting or diverging ; instance, Springfield avenue has many 
large stores and business places and leads directly to Caledonian 
Park, with its immense hall of festivals ; Belmont avenue, with 
Saenger Hall ; South Orange avenue, leading away westward to 
the power house of the swift electrics, of the Newark and South 
Orange Avenue Railroad Company's cars, which fly over its sur- 
face to Vailsburg, so named in honor of Dr. Vail, the editor, and 
where he grows his famous " King of the North " strawberries, 
and to South Orange. Washington street, crossing Market street, 
near the Court House, and near by on its westerly side is Jacots' 
Theatre, while a little father South is located Stetson's Grand 



beautiful Passaic by row boat, raft, tug or steamer, without 
having the pleasantest of sensations, and, as thousands have 
before landing, decided to make Newark their home, just from 
the beautiful sighting, with outwaiting to survey her broad and 
beautiful streets, or the many public resorts or business places so 
inviting. By rail they can come from almost any direction, 
north, south, east, west, or any other point of the compass and 
to any of the handsome depots. To every part of the city and its 
environs, ply every few minutes, cars, the majority of which are 
handsome and comfortable and propelled by electricity. It is no 
venture to make the assertion that few cities have a more perfect 
system of communication, or which are better managed and con- 
ducted. For the small sum of five cents a ride can be had over 
nearly the entire system, so generous are the transfers made use 
of. The major part of the streets are wide and regular with 
shade trees in abundance. 

Jlarket and Broad are the main arteries, and the main centre of 

Opera House, where was held, and in the large building adjoin- 
ing, the industrial exhibition of 1S72. On this street runs the 
Rapid Transit electric cars. While there are many other streets 
of importance, space will not permit their particular mention. 
On Market street, easterly, are a large number of the newspaper 
offices. Miner's Theatre and the Pennsylvania railroad depot. 
On Market street, westerly, are several newspaper offices, German 
and English, as well as many handsome stores and other business 
places. Southerly on Broad and on its westerly side is located 
the " Clothing row," and great ready made clothing and merchant 
tailoring establishments, which have made Newark famous the 
world over, for the elegance and stylishness of her clothing and 
the marvelous excellence of their quality. 

A few hundred feet southerly, at the intersection of William 
street is found the City Hall, where His Honor the Mayor pre- 
sides, and where the city fathers hold their monthly councils and 
legislate for the city. Directly in the rear of the City Hall, is 




located on William 
street, Police Head- 
quarters, where Super- 
intendent Brown and 
Chief of Detectives 
Hopper, with their 
very excellent and 
efficient corps of 
officers and poHcemen , 
keep watch and guard 
over the city, and 
answer for their work 
to the Board of Police 
Commissioners. Re- 
sults plainly show, 
and the peace and the 
quiet of the city prove, 
that we have wonder- 
fully efficient guard- 
ians. On the oppo- 
site, but a little to the 
north debauches the 
Central Railroad, 
depositing its passen- 
gers and freight right 
in the heart of the 
city. Nearly oppo- 
site are the fire laddies 
houses, with fires 
ready lit in their 
steamers to be off and 

away at the tap of the bell. A little to the north, where this great boulevard, with a width, for full three miles, of a hundred and 
twenty feet, and paved throughout with elegant blocks of granite, as it is crossed by Market street, which is the centre of the city, 
and on the westerly side is seen the Prudential Insurance building towering away heavenward to nearly twenty stories high, and a 
little further on Uncle Sam's long delayed post office. Just over the way is the people's main stay for their tables. Centre Market. 
Just there lies spread out in broad acres, tree crowned and grass verdured, the Military Park of the fathers. Here beneath the 
fragrant shade of the friendly old elms and lovely maples, gather the children in the hot summer days to roUic and run and to skip 
and play, while the statue of the heroic Phil Kearney looks down approvingly from its foundation of brown stone from the hill side 
quarries near by. A little to the north is Washington Park, which enjoys the honor of holding the statue erected in memory of the 
genius, inventor and finished mechanic, the aproned monarch, Seth Boj'den. About a mile to the south is another of those health 
storing enclosures and breathing places of the people, called Lincoln Park, so named in honor of the Martyred President 

Abraham Lincoln. All around the parks have our 
citizens erected their domicils. Just below Lincoln 
Park, and where Broad street's continuation, Clinton 
avenue, leads on through scenes of beauty to Irving- 
ton and Hilton, the latter made famous as the place 
where .Seth Boyden cultivated the luscious Seedling 
strawberries, we now looked through the beautiful High 
street with its interlocking trees. 

We might dwell on the rich gardens of the "Neck," 
and other surrounding regions, and take a ride on the 
swift electric cars out among the environments and 
along the ever beautiful Orange Mountains and amid 
the aesthetic Oranges and climb to Eagle Rock for a 
few moments to revel amid the landscape scenes 
more beautiful than anything this side the old Rooky's. 
But we haven't the space to say more, than a word as to 
the Pequannock mountain spring water running free 
through the city, bringing cleanliness and healthfulness 
to all who will claim it ; of the grandeur of its public 
schools with education freer than water, with teachers 
deep learned, always ready to present it ; of the beauti- 
ful churches and eloquent preachers, freely dispensing 
the word of the Lord. As we close this brief rehearsal 
of incentives held out by the city of Newark, and its 
environments that strangers can come and build homes 
with a promise of comfort, health and longevity, it does 
not require the eye of a prophet to see built upon the 
soil of Essex county the great city of the future. 






O HISTORY can be more truthful or beautiful 
than that which shines forth from the face 
or faces of, or is found pinned upon the 
sleeves of those men who have stood at the 
helm at the head of the governmental 
affairs of a great city. That the readers of 
Newark, N. J., Illtstrated may have the 
benefit of the results flowing from such a 
source, and that they may have every oppor- 
tunity of studying this source of historical truth, 
we have transferred to these pages correct and 
speaking photographic likenesses of all the mayors that Newark 
has had since she became an incorporated city. The sturdy 
yeomanry of the young town had her foundations laid deep in the 
rich soil where virtue predominates, and cemented the walls of 
her superstructure in truth and honor. From the beginning 
Newark had the blessings of a citizenship, the mass of whom 
worshipped at the shrine of the golden rule, and the majority were 
.students of the beatitudes. When the town had grown to man's 
estate, and the good judgment of her citizens realized the neces- 
sity of a stronger and better government, and they had decided 
to have an act of incorporation and a city government established, 
it was no hard task to find among her citizenship a man eminently 
qualified to take the helm of the young city, and stand at the 
head of her municipal affairs. 

The choice finally fell to the lot of Honorable William Halsey, 
who had come down to Newark from the historic region of Short 
Hills, where he was born in March, 1770, to make his fortune as 
other honorable members of the family came from about Spring- 
field, near by, where the old church still stands, from the pews of 
which the heroic Pastor Caldwell gathered the hymn books for 
the patriots to use for wadding in firing the shots to beat back 
Britain's hosts and sounding the tocsin of liberty to the world. 
William Halsey was elected mayor in April, 1S36, and filled the 
office acceptably for one year. 

The second man chosen for mayor by the people bears a name 
honored everywhere, Theodore Frelinghuysen. His election to 
the mayorality occurred in the spring of 1837. He too had came 
up from the country and settled in Newark, earning fame and 
fortune. This great and good man will be best remembered as 
the Whig candidate for vice-president of the United States, on 
the ticket with the illustrious Henry Clay. He served two terms. 

Major General Miller took up the baton of the mayorality when 
Theodore Frelinghuysen laid it down, this was in 1839, and he 
was also elected in i.'^4S. Gen. Miller was born in New York 
City. He died in 1S56, leaving a name honored and respected. 

The next and fourth in the mayorality succession, was Oliver 
H. Halstead, a scholarly gentleman, who afterward was honored 
as chancellor of the State of New Jersey. Ex-Mayor Halsted 
was elected in 1S40, and served one term. He was a Jerseyman, 
his birth place being Elizabeth. 

Next in the line came William Wright, who was elected to the 
office and became mayor of Newark in 1S41, the fifth in the line 
of the mayorality succession, Mr. Wright served three terms, being 
re-elected in 1842 and 1843. He was made governor of his adopted 
State and represented New Jersey in the United States senate. 

The sixth Mayor of Newark in the person of Stephen Dodd, 
was elected in 1S44, and served one year. Stephen Dodd was 
born at Mendham, March 7, 1770, and lived to the ripe old age 
of S5, and passing away on the 25th of March, 1S55. 

Next came Col. Isaac Baldwin, who was elected the seventh 
mayor, in 1845, and served one term. He was born in 17S0, and 
died in 1S53. 

Now came a man who left the impress or his genius on all he 

touched. He was the eighth mayor of the city in the line of 
succession. Was a Newarker by birth, born in iSoS, and was 
elected mayor of his native city, in 1S46, and died in 18S4. Beach 
Vanderpool was honored and respected by all who knew him. 

James M. Ouimby, who was a representative carriage and 
coach manufacturer, was the ninth in succession of the mayor- 
ality. Mr. yuimby was born in Orange, in 1804, was elected 
mayor 1851, and died in 1874. He served three terms. 

Next in order comes the name of Horace J. Poinier. He was 
born in Newark in 1810, was elected as the tenth mayor in 1854, 
and served three terms. Mr. Poinier is still going in and out 
among the people beloved by all. 

For seven years Moses Bigelow served the people of Newark 
as mayor, being the eleventh in succession. He was first elected 
in 1857, ^rid died in 1877. Moses Bigelow was a manufacturer, 
and carried on the varnish business for many years. 

The twelfth in the line of succession of the raaj-orality, is Major 
General Theodore Runyon, who was elected in 1874, and served 
one term of two years. General Runyon was born in 1822, is a 
lawyer by profession and was chancellor of his native State for 
fourteen years. Gen. Runyon commanded a division in which 
was included the New Jersey Brigade at the first battle of Bull 
Run in the beginning of the war. The general is still actively 
engaged in practising his profession. 

Thomas B. Peddie, Newark's thirteenth ma3'or was an exten- 
sive manufacturer, and while alive conducted the immense trunk 
industry at Market and Halsey streets. He w-as elected mayor 
in 1865, and served two terms. He was born in Edinboro, Scot- 
land. Mayor Peddie was active in politics and became a mem- 
ber of the State legislature and also of the congress of the United 
States. Mr. Peddie contributed liberally of his large fortune to 
the support of the Baptist Church and its schools while he lived, 
and when he died endowed the Memorial Church, which bears his 
name, also the Peddie Institute named in his honor at Hightstown. 

Newark city did herself a lasting honor by electing Frederick 
W. Ricord mayor in iS6y, and duplicated the same by his re-elec- 
tion, 1S71. He was the fourteenth of the line in the mayorality 
succession. He was sheriff of Essex county and lay judge of the 
court. He is at present librarian of the State Historical Society. 

Nehemiah Perry was elected m 1S73, being the fifteenth of her 
mayors. He served one term of two years. He also represented 
his district in congress, and was interested in manvifactures. 

The sixteenth of the mayors of the citj- of Newark was Henry 
J. Yates, a large and successful hat manufacturer. He was 
elected in 1S75, and served two terms, four years. Ex-Mayor 
Yates is yet actively engaged in business. 

William H. F. Fiedler was elected to the mayorality in 1879, 
and served one term. He was the seventeenth in the line. Mr. 
Fiedler represented his district in the State legislature and Essex 
county in the Congress of the United States, and was postmaster 
during President Cleveland's first term. 

Henry Lang, the eighteenth of Newark's mayors, was born in 
Scotland, 1829, and was elected mayor in 18S1. He served one 
term of two years and retired. He is largely interested in the 
tanning industry. Henry Lang beside being mayor, filled the 
office of alderman most acceptably for several years. 

The nineteenth mayor of Newark and present incumbent, 
Joseph E. Haynes, was elected in 1S83, and has been re-elecled 
four times by majorities which demonstate his popularity and the 
stronghold he has upon the confidence and affections of the 
people. Before his elevation to the mayorality, Joseph E. Haynes 
was principal of the Thirteenth Ward Public School, and had so 
popularized himself with his pupils that they parted with him 
with great reluctance. 





• 1811 • ■., 



"ORActJ W* 
■ 185*-- 


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'HE memory of few among 
the many of Newark's citi- 
zens, who acted well their parts 
in the upbuilding of its material 
greatness and have crossed the 
dark river and gone to their 
reward, will be more lastingly 
eherished, or will be kept 
brighter by the oft recurring 
thoughts to his life work, than 
that of Albert M. Holbrook, 
who was the author of the 
useful and valuable map of 
the city, shown on this page. 
(The circles are % mile apart). 
The privilege of using this 
excellent distance map in this 
work was cheerfully granted to 
the compiler by Mr. Holbrook 
a short time prior to his sud- 
den decease, for which he is sincerelv grateful, trusting that wise benefits to the examiner and reader will flow back while 
referring to it for locations, distances and occurrings. For more than a quarter of a century this man of genius and ever persevering, 
wrought out year by year a directory for the city. He was one of the few who saw through the mists of the future, looming up m its 
coming, the industrial greatness of Newark. ^ ■ t „^a 

Historv tells us that this great industrial centre, where the princely man had planted his home-tree had earlier been chiistenea 
the " Birm'inghara of America," but its full culmination and sure realization came not until Albert M. Holbrook conceived the grand 
idea which bore rich fruit in the Industrial Exhibition of 1872. With an utter abnegation of self, and knowing no such word as 
fail he called other spirits, with equal ardor to his assistance, and together they pushed on the work to its brilliant success 
When the great exhibition had closed its doors, to keep the fires that he had lit burning brightly, he fixed his hope on the Board of 
Trade. He loved this institution dearly, not for reasons which were selfish, but because of the good it was constantly evolving, 
" Present 1 " was the response from his lips at all of its meetings. 1 1 • ■ 

With this brief tribute to Albert M. Holbrook, who gave encouragement to the compiler of this work in the beginning. 

New.\rk, N. J., lLLrs-n;.\TED reaches the end.