(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "New England families, genealogical and memorial : a record of the achievements of her people in the making of commonwealths and the founding of a nation"
















X'-J^J.' 







3 Vt' . ?^ -• 



UJ v"^*---,. 


•x ^ ^ 




,t 


(i',-^"^*.^ ' 


^ 






V- j-a;- " 


"■,*" 


^- " •' 


s * 


jvi." " Z- 


V ^' 


"j^:!- 


V ■* 






,_T^ , 




,r *^ ,*L- 


» t.'*'^'' 






l^fi. 




:v„3^* - 




.\?ij;/.vrP.'. 




jSIi^i-^rTir- 




■rvL-Sii"- 
















-'.^j,"itf.*^'.: 




.'^«fv, <-^ .- . 
















vvt^'*;.'^^^^' 




5gs:r 







0093394 




^^'^^'^CC^ ^^fE^-, 




NEW ENGLAND 

FAMILIES '"'' '^^^' 

GENEALOGICAL AND iMEMORIAL 



yf Record of the Achievemenis of Her People in the Making of 
Commonwealths and the Founding of a Nation 



COMPILED UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER, A.M. 

CORKESPONDIKG SECRETARY AND HISTORIAN OF THE NEW ENGLAND HlSTORIC-CENEALOCtCAL EOOETY; 
LIBRARIAN EMERITUS OF WOBURN PUBLIC LIBRARY; AUTHOR OP "THE 
CUTTER FAMILY," " inSTORY OF ARLINGTON," ETC. 



VOLUME I 




f/ir?^^^ 



ILLUSTRATED GENbALCGtCAL SOC/E" 

04^ THE CWURCH Cf- J.ISUS CH-" 
Of: L^TTEKDAr SaN'S 



(i/ 



NEW YORK 
LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPAN^ 

/f/"3 

yoh 1 



FOREWORD 



THE present work, "New England Families," presents in the agrgrcgatc a 
great amount and variety of genealogical and personal information and 
portraiture. It contains a vast amount of ancestral history never before 
printed. The object, clearly defined and well digested, is threefold: 

First: To present in concise form the history of established families of 
the region. 

Second : To preserve a record of its prominent present-day people. 

Third: To present through personal sketches, linked with the genealogical 
narrative, the relation of the prominent families of all times to the growth, 
singular prosperity and widespread influence of New England. 

There are numerous voluminous narrative histories of this section, making 
it unnecessary in this work to even outline its annals. What has been published, 
however, principally relates to the people in the mass. The amplification neces- 
sary to complete the picture of the region, old and nowaday, is what is now 
supplied by these Genealogical and Personal Memoirs. In other words, while 
others have written of "the times," the province of this work is to be a chron- 
icle of the people who have borne a conspicuous part in founding and developing 
a nation. 

No other region ofifers so peculiarly interesting a field for such research. 
Its sons — "native here, and to the manner born," and of splendid ancestry — 
have attained distinction in every field of human effort. An additional interest 
attaches to the present undertaking in the fact thai, while dealing primarily 
with the history of native New England, this work approaches the dignity of 
a national epitome of genealogy and biography. Owing to the wide dispersion 
throughout the country of the old families, the authentic account here presented 
of the constituent elements of her social life, past and present, is of far more 
than merely local value. In its special field it is, in an r.ppreri.ible degree, a 
reflection of the development of the country at large, since hence went out 
representatives of the historical families, in various generations, who in far re- 
mote places — beyond the Mississippi and in the Far West — were with the van- 
guard of civilization, building up communities, creating new commonwealths, 
planting, wherever they went, the church, the school house and the printing 
press, leading into channels of thrift and enterprise all who gathered about them, 
and proving a power for ideal citizenship and good governmer.t. 

This work everywhere conveys the lesson that distinction has been gained 
only by honorable public service, or by usefulness in private station, and that 
the development and prosperity of the section of which it treats has been de- 
pendent upon the character of its citizens, and the stimulus which they have 
given to commerce, to industry, to the arts and sciences, to education and religion 
— to all that is comprised in the highest civilization of the present day — through 
a continual progressive development. 

Truly a> hemic pdcms have been written in human li\cs in the paths of 

iii 



iv FOREWORD 

peace as in.tlie scarred roads of war. Such examples, in wliatever line of en- 
deavor, are of much worth as an incentive to those who conic afterward, and 
sucL were never so needful to be written of as in the present day, when pes- 
simism, forgetfid of the splendid lessons of the past, withholds its effort in the 
present, and views the future only with alarm. 

The ciiitutlian of records concerning the useful men of preceding genera- 
tions, who aids in placing his knowledge in preservable and accessible form, of 
the homes and churches, schools and other institutions, which they founded, 
and of their descendants who have lived honorable and useful lives, performs 
a public service in rendering honor to whom honor is due, and in inculcating the 
most valuable lessons of patriotism and good citizenship. The story of the 
Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies lies at the foundation of the best 
there is in American history, and the names of Brewster, W'inslow, Bradford, 
Standish, Alden, Warren, Howland — all of whom came in the "Mayflower^' and 
were prominent in the Old Colony, with Freeman, Gorham and Sears — all these 
of Plymouth, and Winthrop, Saltonstall, Dudley, Wilson, Bradstreet, and others, 
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, have an undying fame, and these names are 
prominent to-day in the entire world. These early settlers erected an original 
form of government, pledging themselves to maintain and preserve all their 
liberties and privileges, and in their vote and suffrage, as their conscience might 
them move, as to best conduce and tend to the public weal of the body without 
respect of person or favor of any man. Their heroism was exhibited in their 
conflicts with savages. In statesmanship they builded better than they knew. 
Their code of laws known as the "Body of Liberties" has been termed an almost 
declaration of independence, opening with the pronouncement that neither life, 
liberty, honor nor estate were to be invaded unless under express laws enacted, 
by the local authorities, and when this bold declaration led to the demand of the 
English government that the colonial charter should be surrendered, the colon- 
ists resisted to a successful issue. In later days Faneuil Hall became the cradle 
of American Liberty, and from its platform were proclaimed the doctrines which 
bore fruit in resistance to the Stamp Act, in the Boston Massacre, and the en- 
gagement of contesting armed forces at Lexington and Concord and Bunker Hill. 
The above applies with equal force to the Providence, Hartford and Xew 
Haven colonies, whose founders partook of the same character as those of Mas- 
sachusetts. In Providence we find the first colony founded on religious liberty. 
and the story of the "Charter Oak" illustrates again the sturdy nature of the 
Hartford colonists. From these pioneer settlements spread out a people whose 
God-fearing lives and heroic struggles with a savage foe, while conquering the 
forest wilderness, bore fruit in establishing a hardy nation and set an e.xample 
for succeeding generations. 

When came the momentous question whether a free and liberal government 
"of the people, by the people, and for the people," was to perish from the earth, 
the sons of their illustrious sires were not found wanting in patriotism and devo- 
tion, but freely sacrificed comforts, property and life for the vindication of the 
principles inherited from the fathers. 

Here, too, were developed in highest degree the arts of peace. Religion, 
education, science, invention, labor along all the lines of mechanical and indus- 
trial progress, here made their beginnings, and, while their ramifications extended 
throughout the length and breadth of the land, the parent home and the parent 
stock held their pre-eminence, as they do to the present day. 



} ' 



I 



FOR]-:WORD V 

Tl-if work has had editorial supervision by an antiquarian and genealogist 
of iii^rh >tanding, Mr. William Richard Cutter, A.M.. corresponding secretary 
and historian of the Xew England Historic-Genealogical Society, librarian emeri- 
tus of Woburn Public Library, author of "The Cutter Family." "Hiitory of 
Arlington," etc., etc. Efficient aid has also been given by the following named 
gentlemen: \\'ilfred Harold Monro, L.H.D.. professor of History, Brown Uni- 
versity, president of Rhode Island Historical Society, ex-governor Society of 
Colonial Wars; Samuel Hart, D.D., D.C.L., dean of Rcrkeley Divinity School, 
president of Connecticut Historical Society: Ezra Scholay Stearns. ex-Secretary 
of State. .\. H.. member American .Antiquarian Society. Xcw England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, Xew Hampshire State Historical Society, corresponding 
member Minnesota State Historical Society; John Ellsworth Goodrich, U.D., 
Latin Professor Emeritus, University of Vermont, vice-president of Vermont 
Historical Society; Albert Roscoe Stubbs, librarian of Maine Genealoo-ical So- 
ciety; and John Reynolds Totten, editor of "New York Genealogical and Bio- 
grapliical Record," member of Mayflower Society, etc. 

If in any case a narrative is incomplete or faulty, the shortcoming is usually 
ascribable to the paucity of data obtainable, many families being without exact 
records in their family line ; while, in some instances, representatives of a "-iven 
family are at disagreement as to the names of some of their forbears, important 
dates, etc. 

It is confidently beh'eved that the present work will prove a real addition 
to the mass of annals concerning the historic families of New England, and 
tiiat, without it, much valuable information would be inaccessible to the general 
reader, or irretrievably lost, owing to the passing away of custodians of family 
records and the consequent disappearance of material in their possession. 

The Publishers. 




J" y< </^ 



'<-^ cy 



tpt^'^.' 



I^SKaw«' 










Carleton Coat of Arms. 
Original in possession of W. Dudley Carleton. 



. . I .' ..f.. I 



M-:i'i V' •' 



NEW ENGLAND 



The following critique was 
MATHER prepared and read by invita- 
tion of the president by Mr. 
William R. Cutter, at the annual meeting of 
the Rumford Historical Association in Wo- 
bum, Massachusetts, on March 26, 191 2. This 
is its first appearance in print. 

In character not always understood by his 
contemporaries or by posterity, Cotton Mather 
jirobably accomplished more good than he is 
often accredited with. He was born Febru- 
ary 12, 1663; was graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege, 1678!; was ordained a colleague with his 
father. May 13, 1685 (aged twenty-two), and 
was a precocious scholar.^ 

The diary of Cotton Mather is a minute 
record of his religious and personal experi- 
ences.* The actual interest in origfnal docu- 
ments is the documents themselves; and this 
diary, as printed, is furnished with only a few 
illustrative notes. It is fortunate that in our 
communities there are societies with means 
and ability enough to print such valuable 
sources of contemporary history, from which 
we learn what the people were thinking of and 
what they were doing in remote times. In spite 
of his egregious vanity and excessive egotism, 
Cotton Mather was the most eminent and 
learned clergyman of his time in America, pas- 
tor of the largest church in Boston, in the habit 
of preaching to the largest congregations 
wherever he went, having in his house the 
largest library or collection of books to be 
found on this side of the Atlantic, author of 
more books and tractj^than there were days in 
the year, and vastly learjied in ancient and for- 
eign languages. Benjamin Franklin expressed . 
his obligations to Mather's tract, "Ways to do 
Good," as one of his greatest inspirations to 
usefulness. Mather had one quality common 
to the New England clergyman of former days 
— and that, too, not a bad quality in itself — 
that, of taking an interest in relatives, even to 
those of a remote degree. He died February 
13, 1727-28, one day beyond his sixty-fifth 
birthday. His life was, therefore, shorter by 



*Mass Hist. Soc. CoU., 7» vll. Diary of Cotton 
Mather 1709-1724. noston; published by the Society. 
1012.. (Diary, vol. 2); . ■ _ 



twenty years than that of his father, and 
shorter by about eight years than that of his 
grandfather. His father was president of 
Harvard College for sixteen years, and his 
grandfather was the third minister, in succes- 
sion, of the town of Dorchester. His ances- 
tors were both scholarly and influential. His 
defects were largely due. to the overabundant 
nature of his qualities. He was three times 
married, and had fifteen thildren by his first 
and second marriages. His last wife, like his 
second, was a widow at the time he married 
her. She was uncritical as to his faults, even 
when entreated to explain them, but owing to 
an outbreak of insanity, which appears to have 
. gradually come upon her, she became a source 
of great trouble in his family, and almost 
drove him distracted himself. He said: 

"My glorious Lord has inflicted a new and sharp 
chastisement upon me. The consort, in whom I 
flattered myself "with the view and hopes of an un- 
common enjoyment, has dismally confirmed it unto 
me, that our i.dols 'must prove our sorrows. Now 
and then, in some of the former years, I observed 
and suffered grevious outbreakings of her proud 
passions; but I quicklynavercame them with my vic- 
torious love, and in the methods of meekness and 
goodrjess * * * I do not know tha^ I have to 
this day spoke one impatient or unbecoming word 
unto her, though my provocations have been un- 
speakable, and, it may ^e, lev/ men in the wbrld 
would have borne them as I have done. But this 
last year has been full of her prodigious paroxisms, 
which have made it a year of such distresses with 

yne as I have never seen in my life before. When 
the paroxisms have gone off, she has treated me 
still with a fondness, that, it may be, few wives in 
the world have arrivedunto. But in the returns of 
them (which of late still grow more and more-fre- 

•quent) she has insulted me with such outrages that 
I am at a loss which I should ascribe them to— 
whetlier a distraction (which may be somewhat 
hereditar>), or to a possession whereof the symp- 
toms have been too direful to be mentioned. 

In the fifst place she took such an objec- 
tion against his ' writings (evidently of " the 
diary variety) that he was obliged to lay them 
where he thought she could not find them. For 
fear of what might happen, he wrote not one 
disrespectful word of this "proud woman" in 
all the p.ipers. RiU, nevertheless, by rumma.g- 
ing siie found them, and hid them, and in- 



?_! 



irx'^t-y.'.. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



formed him that he would never see them any" 
more. He offered to blot out with the pen 
whatever she would not have there, but un- 
availingly. She gave him to understand that 
she might return the papers of the four or five 
preceding years which she had. got into her 
possession. Mather claimed that they were of 
more value to him than any temporal estate ht 
could pretend unto. He began to believe that 
before another birthday (he was in his fifty- 
sixth year) his life would be finished His 
theme was upon the article of "Good De- 
1 vised," which stood for it three hundred and 
sixty-five times in a year. He concludes by 
saying that "while those who destroyed Jere- 
miah's roll got nothing by it, so this unhappy 
woman will get nothing by what she does 
unto mfne." 

He was also in a continual anguish of ex- 
pectation that his wife, by exposing her mad- 
ness, would bring ruin on his ministry, and he 
was also troubled about what might occur 
. , when her own reputation was made public. 
^1 His family, too, were made unhappy by her 
- furious and froward conduct. He even re- 
sorts to the use of the Latin and Greek lan- 
guages to express her unaccountable passions. 
They seemed little short of Satanical, and on 
one occasion, after unrepeatable invectives, he 
was compelled by her to rise at midnight and 
retire to his study; while she, calling up two 
other persons, went over to a neighbor's house 
for a lodging. "She told numberless lies, 
"which a tongue set on fire of hell would make 
no conscience of." He claimed that there was 
no other husband who treated his wife with 
greater efforts to please her and make her com- 
fortable at home and reputable abroad. She 
invented occasions for outrages, and then at 
lucid intervals would be filled with expressions 
' of the most enamored fondness. The poor 
husband, at last, when rebuking her lying 
tongue, used terms which he had not been used 
to. She was the most heavy scourg^that he 
had ever met withal. But, at last, came the 
occasion of her recovery. "In the evening of 
the day," says her husband, "my poor wife, 
returning to a right mind, came to me in my 
study, entreating that there might be an eter- 
nal oblivion of everything that has been o'ut of 
joint, and an eternal harmony ever after- 
wards." 

Out of Cotton Mather's fifteqi' children a 
nnml)cr of wliom died young, there was one 
son who was a very bad yoimg man, who gave 
his father much anxiety— ^n example of the 
saying, "ministers' sons and deatons' daugh- 
ters." After a scandalous career he was re- 
ported lost at sea in the West India Islands. His 
vessel had been out five months on a compara-' 



tively short voyage, and had not arrived. An 
untrue rumor was brought to his father that 
the son was yet living, but in a day or two it 
was found that the news applied to another 
vessel. Surely the life of Cotton Mather was 
very human I 

In Cotton Mather's writings we discover 
coincidences between his times and ours. He 
mentions cold weather, in winter and hot 
weather in summer. He caught cold from go- 
ing out damp winter evenings. On one. occa- 
sion he was attacked by a painful malady, 
which I should diagnose as the tic-douloureux. 
He wrote : 

"I have been for some time afflicted with griev- 
ous pains in my head * * • A neighboring min- 
ister last night asked me, whether the Dragon (that 
is the Devil) might not be, by the wise permission 
of Heaven, taking some revenge upon me, for some 
notable mischief, which my head may have lately 
done unto his kingdom. • • » AH methods and 
medicines for my cure fail me. I have used un- 
guents, and plasters, and cataplasms, and epispastics, 
and sinapisms, and cathartics, and what not, but all 
to no purpose.* My physicians are of no value. 
My pains this morning are more violent than they 
use to be. I lie down like a stag in a net, with a 
very despairing discouragement. However, I 
thotight I would make one more experiment. (In 
his characteristic way, he commended his case to • 
his Maker). Behold, I had no occasion for any 
further application. My pains immediately went 
off. And as yet (I write the day following) I have 
no return of them." "After two or three days of 
unaccountable repose, I suffered some return of 
my pain * • * and I put on an epispastic, which 
suddenly and mightily relieved me." 

He was an admirer of the rainbow in the 
sky, and preached a sermon and wrote a book 
upon the subject. The fuel of the people was 
wood, ani the wooden city of Boston was sub- 
ject to conflagrations, in which many buildings 
were destroyed. His aged father was worried 
because his people wanted to swarm into a new 
church (people at that day, as well as this, 
were desirous of a change), and he did what 
he cpuld to comfort him. For the restraining 
of profaneness in a considerable number of 
unruly children on the Lord's Day in his con- 
gregation, he found a person to look after them 
whom He accordingly employed and rewarded 
for that service. In 1713 he wrote : 



"There are knots-^f riotous young men in Tlie 
town. On purpo^ to insult piety, they will come 
under my window in the middle of the night, and 
sing profane and filthy soTigs. The last night they 
did so. ond fell upon people with clubs,- taken off my 
woo<J-pilc." 

At about this time an epidemic of the mea- 
sles in Boston caused the deaths of five mem- 

•In present day torma, unguents ate olntmenlH, 
cfttoplaBTnn nre pouUlces. epIspOBtlca are bllgtem, 
and nlnnplsms nre cntoplaKms wltti a mustard In- 
(fredlent, I, o., a mustard poultice. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



bers of his family, including his second wife. 
This occasioned him to give a list of the names 
. of his children, ^nd this mathematical calcula- 
tion upon their number: "Of 15, dead Q, 
living 6." 

"Some foolish and froward people in the flock fall 
out about their seats. I must use the methods of 
prudence and piety to manage such rot)ts of bit- 
tertiess." [We shall hear some more about this 
subject of seating the meeting-house, later on.] 

"This day [August 14, 1716,] a singular thing be- 
fell me. ♦ • ♦ I was- prevailed withal to do a 
thing, which I very rarely do; not once in years. 
I rode abroad with some gentlemen and gentle- 
women, to take the country air, and to divert our- 
selves at a famous fish-pond. [Spy Pond, now in 
Arlington.) Jn the canoe on the pond my foot 
slipped, and I fell overboard into the pond. Had 
th? vessel been a little further from the shore, 1 
must have been drowned. But I soon recovered 
the shore, and going speedily into a warm bed, I 
received no sensible harm." 

, His wife, too, had premonitions "all the 
former part of the day and all the day before" 
that this f 'little journey" would have mischief 
attending it. 

I have discovered in writing the "History of 
Arlington," that there was, at a very early 
period, a house very near the shore of this 
pond devoted to the public entertainment of 
such visitors as might come to it. The deep 
waters of this very dangerous lake have prob- 
ably engulfed, from Mather's day to this, more 
drowned persons than any similar body of 
water in this vicinity. 

L arn very glad that I have had the oppor- . 
tunity to examine closely the pages of these 
memorial records of the experiences of Cotton 
Mather. The process of examination has been 
a mental stimulus as well as recalling to my 
mind certain religious beliefs which found 
rigid followers in the days of my childhood. ' 
Cotton Mather said on one occasion : 

"I feel a very sensible rebuke from Heaven upon 
me, in shutting me out from the service of the 
flock. On the last Lord's day I was compelled into 
sitting still [his father and he were joint pastors 01 
the same church] out of a compliment to a person, 
who had been asked by my father to pfeach for 
him, .ind yet arrived not so soon, but that my father 
feariiiR liis failmg had got another to supply -hiS 
room. The young man^juwhom I thus, in civility, 
gave way, was also.«mrrwhom for the vanity of his 
character I did UTast of all desire to see in our 
pulpit. 'Ihis Lord's day I am arrested with a cold, 
and a eolith, amLam withal so hoarse, that I am 
laid by trmn all public ministrations." 

Who is there who has not had difTercnccs, 
certainly in opinion, if not otherwise, with the 
body«of liis numerous family relations? Ma- 
ther luid certainly in his schemes of doing 
good Incliulcd them in the number of his bene- 
ficiaries. On one occasion he writes: 



I am sorry that among my personal enemies, I 
must now reckon some of my relatives. Unac- 
countable creaturesi But I have a little penetrated 
into their inexplicable character and conduct. I 
must watch over my spirit, and study to carry it as 
well unto them, as if they were better affected 
towards me." 

On another occasion he said : 

"I observe a great number of people in the flock, 
whose employments are so circumstanced, that 
while their hands are employed, their minds are 
very much at leisure; and others, in whose business 
both hands and minds are so. I would in a sermon 
propose methods for these neighbors to redeem 
this time." 

People of this kind are not scarce now. 
Cotton Mather also had a practice of writ- 
ing out his sermons fully in order that the copy 
rnight be used for publication, and he some- 
times wrote English sentences in the Greek 
character, in which manner their meaning was 
obscured to the ordinary reader. 

There is no more interesting part in the 
book than that describing Cotton Mather's ex-- 
perience during the terrible visitation of Bos- 
ton by the smallpox in the year 1721, a time 
when vast numbers of the people were lying 
sick of that loathsome disease, and an equally 
large number died. The disease was appar- 
ently brought- by a vessel of war which lay in 
the harbor, on board of which were two or 
three men sick with the pestilence. Mather's 
life was in extreme danger from the horrid 
venom of the sick chambers, which he made it 
his duty to enter on his pastoral visits. Mather 
called the attention 6f the physicians of Bos- 
ton to the "new method" of inocijlation for 
this dire disease, used by the African people 
and Asiatics, in their own countries, which 
he 113d read about in letters from Constantino- 
ple and Smyrna, as published by the Royal So- 
ciety in London. As soon as his project was 
^jiade public a stoim of opposition arose on the 
part of the New Englanders. The chief moral 
reason brought -against inoculation was that 
it wasa heathen practice, and it was unlawful 
to learn of the heathen, and, absurd as the ar- 
gument seemed, its defenders could only point 
out*-'in reply, that all of the physicians of an- 
tiquity were heathen, and that the colonists of 
New England had learned from the Indians a 
corrective to snake bites and the practice, of '• 
smoking. 

Mather also prepared a little treatise on the 
sniallfKJX. first awakening the sentiments of 
piety which it calls for, and then exhibiting 
the best medicines and methods which the 
world had yet had for the managing of it ; and, 
finally, adding the new discovery to prevent 
it in the way of inoculation. He instructed the 



X 



NEW ENGLAND. 



physicians in this new method used by the 
Africans and Asiatics to abate the dangers, 
and infallibly to save the lives of those that 
have the smallpox in the natural way. But a 
horrid clamor was raised against him, and a 
strange possession from the evil one took pos- 
session of the people on this occasion; they 
raved, they railed, thev blasphemed; they 
talked not only like idiots, but also like fran- 
tics; and not only himself, but the physician 
who began the experiment, were objects of 
their fury; their furious obloquies and invec- 

' tives. "This cursed clamor of a people 
strangely and fiercely possessed of the Devil," 
he said, "will probably prevent" the saving of 
the lives of Mather's two children from the 
smallpox in the "way of transplantation ;" an- 
other way of describing the operation or pro- 
cess of inoculation. After ten remarkable ex- 
periments in his own neighborhood it was de- 
cided that his son should undergo the opera- 

v^ltion of receiving the smallpox in the new way; 

.privately, if possibly the child should die under 

it. So it was done, not so skillfully as he had 

wished, but successfully. Thereupon, in the 

words of- Mather: • . 

"The towfi became a liell on earth, a city full of 
lies, and murders, and blasphemies, as far as wishes 
and speeches can render it so; Satan seemed to take 
a strange possession of it, in the e'pidemic rage 
against that notable- and powerful and successful 
way of saving the lives of people from the dangers 
of the small-pox." 

The situation grew still darker. "This mis- 
erable town," said Mather, "is a dismal picture 
and emblem of Hell." He arraigns the church 
members as having a fearful share in the false 
reports, and murderous wishes, and the "rage 
of wickedness among us" was "beyond what 
was ever known from the beginning to this 
day." Mather acknowledged in his own hand 
that in his remarks on the folly an^* baseness 
of an absurd and wicked people that he used 
"too bitter terms." Such terms as miserable, 
and detestable, and abominable, as applied to ' 
the town, seemed to fall easily and 'naturally 
from his lips. . . 

He received a kinsman into his iioifsc wlio 
was under the inoculation of the smallpox, to 
whom he gave the use of his chamber. This 
poor man in the night, as it grew towards the 
morning, while lying in this room, narrowly 
escaped being killed hy a murderous bomb 
which some, mnlicintis jicrson threw ihrniigh 
the window intending it for the unpopular 
Mather. The circumstances were these: 

/ "Tow.ird three o'clock, in the night, some im- 
known-h.nnds threw a fired (or lighted) granado 
(hand gran.idc) inti the clmnihcr where my kins- 



man lay, and which uses to be my lodging-room. 
The weight of the iron ball alone, had it fallen upon 
his head, would have been enough to have done 
part of the business designed. But the Granado- 
was charged, the upper part with dried powder, the 
lower part with a mixture of oil of turpentine and 
powder, and what else I know not, in such a man- 
ner, that upon its going off, it must have split, and 
have probably killed the persons in the room, and 
certainly fired the chamber, and speedily laid the 
house in ashes • • • The grenade, m passing 
through the window, had by the iron in the middle 
of the casement, such a turn given to it, that in fall- 
ing on the floor, the fired wild-fire in the fuse was 
violently shaken out upon the floor, without firing 
the grenado." 

When the missile was taken up there was 
found a paper so tied with string about the 
fuse that it might outlive the breaking of the 
shell, on which paper was written an oppro- 
brious and insulting message. 

I have been requested by your president to 
examine the second volume- of Cotton Ma- 
ther's Diary, lately issued from the press, to 
discover further facts, if any, concerning the 
connection of this celebrated man with Wo- 
burn. As there was no index to tHe first vol- 
ume, a comprehensive index in the second vol- 
ume covers all the contents of the first. In the 
Woburn Journal for August 4, 191 1, I at- 
tempted some review of the first volume, under 
the heading of "Cotton Mather and Wo- 
burn," and described certain events in the his- 
tory of the Woburn First Parish Church, 
whose early records of those days are now 
rtiissing, and may be regarded as altogether 
lost. The substance of what I found in Ma- 
ther's recford was a reference to an evil spirit 
at Wobi^rn (some reference, perhaps, to the 
performance of a personal devil, for our fore- 
fathers heartily believed in such things) ; to an 
account of a sermon preached by Mather at 
Woburn in 1703, forestalling the settlement of 
a new minister there — a species of fast for that 
purpose, that a desirable minister might be' 
had, and an account of an assault upon the 
action of Mather in reference to the conduct 
of a wicked man in tlie Woburn church ; a man 
whom the church had censured for his im- 
pious conduct, and who had applied to Mather 
to help him out of trouble, and Mather had 
rendered a decision against him. Next Mather 
was a member of" a council held at Woburn 
to settle the, disturbances and differences 
anion'g the brethren. In the second volume o/v 
the Diary we find .in account of two visil'- 
wliicli Mather had made to this place to settle 
(lifTercnccs among the rather violently disposed 
Woburn people. 

Those who read Mather's reflections on va- 
rious subjects will be more appreciative 01" 
their real valuu if the 'jcrson has lia<l some cn- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



perience, however small, of the puritanical 
training once accorded to persons residing in 
this section. Puritanism is a fact whose condi- 
tions can be traced . to the early history of 
Greece and Rome. Its conditions are the con- 
verse of luxury and vicious living. It is found 
where a people live the simple, dutiful life of 
their ancestors, and mainly in the rural por- 
tions of the land, away from the enervating in- 
fluences of the cities. The influences of New 
England puritanism existed in modified form 
in Woburn until after 1840. 

In justice to Cotton Mather it was his in- 
. tention to do good to all his fellow mortals in 
whatever state and condition, and, in illustra- 
tion, note what he says at the beginning of his 
fifty-first year, or at the opening of 1713 : 

"Not one day has passed without some contriv- 
ance to do good, invented and registered; besides 
multitudes of such not entered in these poor 
memorials. Not one day has passed without being 
able to say at night, something of my small reve- 
nues dealj out unto pious uses. Never any time 
spent with any company without some endeavor of 
a fruitful conversation in it." 

No wonder such a .man is said to . have 
placed the sign over . his study door.: ''Be 
short ;" he. was so busy about many things. 

And now what did he say in his second vol- 
ume of Diary about Woburn, vol. 2, p. 135. 
Visit, Nov. 4, 1711 : . ^. 

"God has blessed my applications unto Woburn, 
for the bruising of Satan, who had begun to raise 
grievous contentions. It was thought that it would- 
be a confirming and finishing stroke on that good 
work, if I would give a lecture unto that people. 
I assign a time for it; purposing to preach as 
charming things as I can unto them, on Romans, 
15-14, / am persuaded you are full of goodness." 

Wise Cotton Mather! Three days after- 
ward, on Wednesday, November 7, 171 1, he 
writes : "This day I accomplished my purpose 
for Woburn, and had many smiles of Heaven 
on my journey. Some that were surprising 
ones." 

A reference to Sewall's "History of Wo- 
burn," p. 186, shows that the trouble had some 
reference to the "disorderly seating of many 
persons in the house of God." 

On a second visit, vol. 2, p. 167, February 7, 
1711-12, Wednesday. "I preached the lecture 
at Woburn on Rom. 15, 14. Being Full of 
Goodness." An extension of the same sub- 
ject .nnd on the same text. When the char- 
acter of the controversy is understood the im- 
plied sarcasm of the text' is refreshing, show- 
ing that Mather was not slow in turning a 
ridiculous situation into a lesson of enlighten- 
ment. 

Examining the work of Sewall, we find 
that at bottom the case was one arising from 



notions of family rank and station brought 
over from England, where cj'stinctions of that 
kind had long been created and cherished, and 
to which our earliest ancestors here had at- 
tached an inordinate importance, and were 
jealous of any neglect of them by others. Thus 
the sentiments with regard to rank and condi- 
tion in society held strongly, while other 
praiseworthy qualities had been neglected. The 
superiority of family was strong in many 
minds, and that when seating the meeting- 
house was done, after repairs and enlarge- 
rrient had been made, a change was made in 
the method, which became very unpopular, 
which was explained by the following petition 
from the town records: Many inhabitants were 
much "aggrieved at the disorderly seating of 
many persons in the house of God, the ancient 
behind the backs of the youth, which they ap- 
prehended not to be according to-the' law of 
God, which requireth the youth to rise up be- 
fore the hoary head, and to honor the person 
of the old man." In this case the seating. had 
been done on this foolish principle. Namely, 
to prefer those first who had done the most by 
their contributions to the building of the orig- 
inal house, and, second, those who had con- 
tributed the most towards its recent repairs 
and enlargement, and, finally, those who paid, 
the largest taxes. Thus the front seats were 
awarded to the' wealthy and liberal, though 
young, before the aged members of the church 
and community, who were poor. Hence there 
resulted, and justly, much murmuring and dis- 
content, and a row'also resulted, which Cot- 
ton Mather's eloquence seems to have quelled. 



, Henry Seggerman was 

SEGGERMAN born in Brefnen, Ger- 
many, and lived and died 
there. He was not in active business. He 
^married Johanna Hildebrand. They had two 
children, Louise, and Henry, mentioned below. 
(II) Henry .(2), son of Henry (i) Segger- 
man, was bom in Bftmen, Germany, and came 
•Qo this country in 1850 when a young man. He 
located in New York City and became a' pros- 
perous and prominent merchant. He was a 
Democrat in politics and a German Lutheran 
in religion. He died in 1888. 

He married, in New York City, Martha 
Strong GIeason,who was born on Staten 
Island, New York, daughter of Daniel and 
Helen (Vanderburgh) Gleason, granddaugh- 
ter of James and Martha (Strong) Vander- 
burgh, descendant of Peter I3rown, who came 
in the "Mayflower" (see Strong and Brown). 
Children': Anna, born 1856; Frederick Krue- 
ger, mentioned below ; Louise Norton, 1863 ; 
Victor, August, 1865. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



' (III) Frederick Krueger, son of Henry (2) 
:Seggerman,- was bom in Yonkers, New York, 
iFebruary 7, 1857. His early education was 
received at St. John's College, which he at- 
.tendcd until he was twelve years old, when he 
.went abroad and became a student at Keilhan 
■high school, near Rudolsbadt, Germany, an in- 
stitute founded by Froebel, of kindergarten 
■fame, graduating after a five-year course in 
.1874. After his return to this country he 
.started in his business career as- clerk for the 
Decastro & Donner Sugar Refining Company. 
Afterward he was in the employ of the firm 
• .^f- Havemeyer & Elder, sugar refiners, and 
clerk for the firm of L. W. Minford & Com- 
pany, of New York. He founded tlje firm of 
Seggerman Brothers in partnership with his 
.brother. Afterward the business was incor- 
porated under the name of Seggerman Broth- 
.ers, Incorporated, and he is president of the 
. \^^. company, which imports and deals in coffee 
and also handles California products. He is 
one of the leading merchants in his line of 
■business in New York. He is also vice-presi- 
» dent of the Wisconsin Condensed Milk Com- 

pany, which has factories at .Burlington, Wis- 
consin, Pecatonica and Grey's Lake, Illinois, 
and vice-president of the McCann-Frazier 
Company, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He 
. is a member of. the Chamber of Commerce of 
New York, the Knollwood Country Club, the 
New York Athletic Club, the Baltusrol Golf 
Club, the New York Wool Club, the May- 
flower Society of New York, the Society of 
Mayflower Descendants and Squadron A Club 
of New York. In politics he has been an in- 
dependent Democrat, but he voted for Theo- 
dore Roosevelt and William H. Taft for presi- 
• dent. He served four years in the Seventh 
Regiment, New York National Guard, and for 
three years in Squadron A, New York Na- 
tional Guard. He is a communisant of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. His home is at 
309 West Eighty-first street, and his offices at 
91 Hudson street, NcwJYork. 

He married, October 18, 1887, Annie Haw- 
thorne Timpson, who was born in a bouse on 
Eighteenth street, New York, in 1866, daugh- 
ter of Alfred H. and Ellen (Mather) Timp- 
son, granddaughter of General Mather, of 
Windsor, Connecticut. Her father was cash- 
ier of tiic Continental National tJank of New 
York, and was for Icn years a member oj the 
famous Seventh Regiment. New York Na- 
tional Guard. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Se"^- 
german: i. Frederick Timpson, born in New 
York City, 1890; graduated from Princeton 
Unive-sity; member of Ivy Club and of 
.Squadron A ; associated in business with his 
fatiier. 2, Kenneth Mather, born in New 



York City, 1892; member of class of 1913, 

Princeton University; member of the Cottage 

•Club. 

(The Brown Line). 

(I) Peter Brown, the immigrant ancestor, 
was bom in England, and came in the "May- 
flower" with the Plymouth Company in 1620. 
He was unmarried when he came, but within 
the next thirteen years had married twice. He 
was admitted a. freeman in 1633. Mary and 
Martha Brown, probably his wife and daugh- 
ter, had shares in the division of cattle with 
him in 1627, and it is believed that the name 
of his first wife was Martha, that Mary and 
Priscilla were her daughters, and the two men- 
tioned in. the history of Governor Bradford as 
married in 1650. In 1644 the daughters were 
placed in the care of their uncle, John Brown, 
a leading citizen of Duxbury. Peter, Brown 
died in 1633, before October 10, and his estate 
was settleti by the court November 11, 1633. 
He had several children. , 

(II) Peter (2), son of Peter (i) Brown, 
was born in 1632. He settled ,in Windsor, 
Connecticut, and lived to be nearly sixty years 
old. He died at Windsor, March 9, 1692, 
leaving an estate of ^409 to be divided by thir- 
teen children. The famous .Abolitionist, John 
Brown, was a descendant, through his son 
John, grandson John and great-grandson John, 
whose son Owen was father of Captain John. 
Abigail, his daughter,-- born 1662, married 
Samuel Fowler, born 1683, and their daugh- 
ter Isabel married Ezra Strong (see Strong). 

' (The strong Line). 

(II)^amuel Strong, son of Elder John 
Strong (q. v.), was born August 5, 1652, and 
died at Northampton, Massachusetts, October 
29, 1732.,. He married (first), June 19, 1684. 
Esther, daughter of Deacon Edward Clapp. 
She died January 26, 1698, and he married 
(second), October 28, 1698, Mrs. Ruth 
Wright, widow of Joseph Wright. Samuel 
Strong was a farmer. Children, bom at North- 
ampton, by first wife: Esther, April 30, 1685; 
Samuel, January 21, 1687; Susannah, Febru- 
ary 26, 1688; Abigail, January r, 1689^ died 
young; Abigail, November 23, 1690; Christian, 
March i, 1692; Nehemiah, 1694-5; Ezra, men- 
tioned below. Children by second wife; Mary. 
May 19, 1701; Joseph, May 9, 1703; Josiaii. 
August I7,>i705 ; Deacon Samuel, February 1 1. 
1712-13. 

(Ill) Ezra, son of Samuel Strong, \v,-}< 
born in Northampton, October 14, 1697. Hf 
married December 14, 1720, Isabel Fowler, 
born February i, 1700, died December 27. 
1723, daughter of Samuel and Abigail 
(Brown)' Fowler. He married (second), M.iy 
27rT736, Miriam, daughter of Robert Jr. and 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Rebecca (Rust) Dank. Ezra was a farmer at 
Northampton and Southampton. Children : 
Ezra, mentioned below ; Benoni, born Decem- 
ber 23, 17-3- Children by second wife: Miriam, 
February 14, i737; Isabel, May 12, 1744; 
child, died August 29, 1746. 

(IV) Ezra (2), son of Ezra (i) Strong, 
was born at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, January 
17, 1721. He married, November 5, 1741, 
Mary King, born February 24, 1719, died at 
Benson. Vermont, daughter of John and 
granddaughter of Fearnot and Mary (Fowler) 
King. Children, born at Westfield : Captain 
John, mentioned below ; King, December 4, 
1744; Asa, December 16, 1746; Eleanor, Octo- 
ber 9, 1748; Silence. November 26. 1750; 
Warham, January 31, 1753; Huldah, October 
2, 1757; Ozem, December i, 1760; Russell. 

(V) Captain John Strong, son of Ezra 
Strong, was born in Pittsfield, October 13, 
1742. He was graduated at Yale College in 
1766 and became a lawyer in Pittsfield. He 
was an officer in the American army during 
the revolution, and contributed funds to the 
support of the government so generously that 
at the end of the war he was bankrupt. He 
removed to Shodack, New York, and Albany. 
Children: i. Hannah. 2. Martha, married, in 
1805, at Kinderhook, New York, James Van- 
derburgh, a merchant of Troy, New York, 
where he died in 1828; children: Margaret, 
Maria, Cornelia, married Charles M. Parker; 

Julia, married Arnold ; William, 

Helen, married Daniel Gleason (see Segger- 

man) ; Catherine, married Evarts. 3. 

Margaret. 4. Charles. 5. Joseph. 6. John, 
died unmarried. 7. James. 



This ancient family is now 
CARLETON represented in New York 
by William Dudley Carle- 
ton, of the law firm of Jones & Carleton. Mr. 
Carleton has been for several years in active 
general practice in the city of New York, 
where he ranks as one of the highly esteemed 
members of the bar. The history of the Carle- 
ton family is traced through the following gen- 
erations, the name being derived, according to 
some authorities in England, from the place 
name. Carleton is from the Saxon word 
"ceorl," husbandman, and "ton," or town. The 
coat of arms is as follows : Escutcheon : Argent, 
a bond sable, three mascles of the field. Crest : 
Out of a ducal coronet, or, an horse's head 
couped. Motto: Ant mors ant Gloria. 

(I) Baldwin de Carleton, of Carleton, near 
Penrith, Cumberland, England, 1066. (H) 
Jeffrey de Carleton. (HI) Edward de Carle- 
ton. (IV) Henry de Carleton. (V) Gilbert 

de Carleton, married Fitzwilliam. 

(VI) William de Carleton was justice's 



counsellor of Edward, the king's son and lieu- 
tenant, while the sovereign, Edward II. was 
absent in foreign wars. William de Carleton 
also served on a commission to reconcile the 
king and the barons. He was chancellor of the 
exchequer, and interceded with the king in be- 
half of the Earl of Norfolk and Hartford. 
William de Carleton married Helena, daugh- 
ter of Geoffrey de Stanton. 

(VII) Adam de Carleton married Sarah, 
daughter of Adam de Newton. (VIII) Adam 

de Carleton married Sinella . supposed 

to have been a Plantagenet. (IX) John de 
Carleton was conspicuous as commissioner 
with the chief men of England in making 
treaty with Flanders. (X) Henry de Carle- 
ton was of county Lincoln, thirteenth of Rich- 
ard II.; married Alicia . (XI) Sir 

Thomas de Carleton. (XII) Sir Walter de 

Carleton, married Fieldman. (XIII) 

Thomas Carleton, of Sutton, Lincolnshire, 
married Shorne. (XIV) John Carle- 
ton, of Sutton and Walton-upon-Thames, died 
1450; married Anne Skepwith. (XV) John 
Carleton married Alice Danield. 

(XVI) John Carleton lived in 1500; mar- 
ried Joyce, daughter of John and Margaret 
(Culpepper) Welbeck, cousin of Queen Cath- 
erine, wife of Henry VIII. 

(XVII) Edward, fifth son of John Carle- 
ton, settled in East Clandon, Surrey, in 1571, 
and is ancestor of the Carletons of London, 
Surrey, Arundel and America. 

(XVIII) Erasmus, son of Edward Carle- 
ton, was a citizen and mercer of St. Barthol- 
omew, London ; married Elizabeth . 

(XIX) Edward, son of Erasmus Carleton, 
was born in 1605, in England, and is the immi- 
grant ancestor of the American family. In 
1638-39 he settled on the plantation of Rev. 
Ezekiel Rogers, and became one of the found- 
ers of the town of Rowley, Massachusetts, 
where next to the minister he was the largest 
landowner. He was given the title of "Mr.," 
usually reserved for ministers and people of 
high social or official standing. He was admit- 
ted a freeman May 18, 1642; deputy to the 
general court in 1644-45-46-47 : commissioner 
to hear small causes in 1648. He returned to 
England, and died there about 1661. He mar- 
ried Eleanor Denton (Carth originally, of old 
Roman ancestry). He left an estate in New 
England, a part of which his son John ob- 
tained. Christopher and Hannah Babbage 
and Jeremiah and Nehemiah Jewett received 
letters of administration on behalf of the chil- 
dren of Hannah Carleton, his widow. Novem- 
ber 29, 1678. Children: John, mentioned be- 
low: Edward, born October 28. 1639; Mary, 
June 2, 1642; Elizabeth, March 26, 1644. 

(XX) John, son of Edward Carleton, was 



8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



born in 1630, in England, and was one of the 
leading men of the town of Haverhill. He 
married Hannah, born June 15, 1640, in Eng- 
land, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Mallin- 
son) Jewett. Joseph Jewett was the son of 
Edward Jewett, of Bradford, West Riding of 
Yorkshire, baptized December 31, 1609; mar- 
ried, October i, 1634, Mary Mallinson. Chil- 
dren of John Carleton and his wife: John, 
born 1658; Joseph, March 21, 1662; Edward, 
mentioned below ; Thomas, born September 9, 
1667. All these children were born in Haver- 
hill, and in that town John Carleton, the 
father, died January 22. 1668. 

(XXI) Edward, son of John Carleton, was 
born March 22, 1664, in Haverhill, and settled 
in Bradford, Massachusetts, where his de- 
scendants have been numerous to the present 

time. He married Elizabeth . Children, 

all born at Bradford: Edward. February 20, 
1690-91; Benjamin, mentioned below; Nehe- 
miah, April 15, 1695; Nathaniel, 1697, bap- 
tized June 20, that year ; Ebenezer, December 
22, 1704; Mehitable, March 8, 1707. 

(XXII) Benjamin, son of Edward Carle- 
ton, was born April 23, 1693, ^"^ married 
(first) Abigail Dudley (?), who died June 29, 
1726, in her twenty-seventh year. He mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth . Children, 

born at Bradford, the eldest by first wife, the 
others by second wife: Dudley, mentioned be- 
low; Reuben, June 2, 1732; Abigail, May 13, 
1734; Mary, December 4, 1736; Hannah, April 
24, 1740; Phoebe, July 9, 1742; Benjamin, 
December 16, 1745 ; Joseph, October 22, 
1748. Benjamin Carleton, the father, died at 
Bradford, IVIay 3, 1772, in his eightieth year. 

(XXIII) Dudley, son of Benjamin and 
Abigail (Dudley?) Carleton, was born Jan- 
uary 5, 1721-22, and his name appears in the 
revolutionary rolls of Massachusetts as one of 
a list of men serving as a committee for Essex 
county to raise recruits for the campaigns in 
New York and Canada. He married, Febru- 
ary 25, 1745, .Abigail Willson, of Bradford, 
who died October 2, 1799, aged seventy- four 
years. Children, born in Bradford: Rebecca, 
May 26, 1746; Dudley, May 16, 1748; Abigail, 
March 30, 1750; David, December 7, 1751, sol- 
dier in the revolution ; Hannah, January 7, 
1753; Michael, mentioned below; Moses, Jan- 
uary 17, 1759; Mercy, September 17, 1760; 
Edward, July 2, 1762; William, June i. 1764; 
Ebenezer, April 4, 1766; Phoebe, March 4, 
1769. 

(XXIV) Michael, son of Dudley and Abi- 
gail (Willson) Carleton. was born May 23, 
1757. Bradford, his native place, is now part 
of Haverhill. He married, November 20, 
1795, 3' Haverhill, Ruth, born August 12, 



1778, at that place, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Lydia (White) Ayer. Nathaniel was a son 
of David and Hannah (Shepard) Ayer, and 
was born February 24, 1734-35. David was a 
son of Nathaniel and Esther Ayer, and was 
born May 2, 1714. Nathaniel was born No- 
vember 5, 1676, son of Nathaniel and Tam- 
sen (Thurlow) Ayer. Nathaniel was born 
March 13, 1654-55, son of John Ayer Jr., and 
grandson of John Ayer, the American immi- 
grant. Children of Michael and Ruth (Ayer) 
Carleton, born at Haverhill : Michael, April 8, 
1796, died April 13, 1796; William, mentioned 
below; David, April 17, 1799; Nathaniel, No- 
vember 29, 1800; died December 8 following; 
Nathaniel, 1807, died at Fayetteville, North 
Carolina, April, 1833. 

Alichael Carleton was a soldier in the revo- 
lution, a private in Captain John Davis' com- 
pany. Colonel Jonathan Cogswell's regiment, 
stationed near Boston in 1778; also in Captain 
Stephen Webster's company. Colonel Jacob 
Gerrish's regiment, October 14 to November 
22, 1779, a regiment raised in Essex and Suf- 
folk counties to re-enforce Washington's army. 
There was another Michael Carleton, of And- 
over, in the revolution. (See Mass. Soldiers 
and Sailors in the Revolution under Carleton 
and Calton, pp. 36 and 103, vol. iii). Ebenezer 
Caltran (misspelling for Carleton) was in Cap- 
tain John Bodwell's company. Colonel Jacob 
Gerrish's regiment, from April to July, 1778, 
and was stationed at Cambridge. Michael 
Carleton died, according to his gravestone, at 
Bradford, June 20, 1836, and his widow 
passed away September 13, 1847. 

(XXV) William, son of Michael and Ruth 
(Ayer) Carleton, was born May 20, 1797, at 
Haverhill, where he served seven years as ap- 
prentice to a tinman. At twenty-one he went 
to Charlestown to follow his trade, and after a 
few years opened a small shop and store on 
Washington street, Boston, where he began 
the manufacture of handlamps. He prospered 
and gradually enlarged his business until his 
manufactory gave employment to about three 
hundred workmen. The following incident 
illustrates his native force of character. Two 
years after the erection of his first factory he 
determined to introduce power, and had an 
engine built by M. W. Baldwin, founder of 
the Baldwin Locomotive Works, in Philadel- 
phia. When it had been put into operation it 
was visited by many mechanics, and greatly 
excited their admiration. Among these visit- 
ors was Otis Tufts, a machinist, of Boston, 
who immediately began the construction of an 
engine on the same model, thus inaugurating 
the building of stationary steam engines in 
Boston. When experiments were undertaken 



NEW ENGLAND. 



for the introduction of illuminating gas into 
Boston, Mr. Carleton entered into the manu- 
facture of gas fi.xtures, and having difficulty 
in obtaining suitable castings for this and other 
purposes of his business, started a brass foun- 
dry of his own. During the remainder of his 
life he was engaged in the manufacture of a 
great variety of small brass works, and at the 
time of the introduction of kerosene oil he was 
the first to enter this field. He was a large ex- 
porter, sending his goods to nearly all foreign 
countries, and continued in the supervision of 
his large enterprise until his eightieth year, re- 
taining both mental and physical faculties. No 
incident of his life better illustrates his charac- 
ter than the following. In his latter days he 
carried on his business for several years at an 
annual loss of not less than $10,000 rather than 
economize for his own advantage by the dis- 
charge of his employes. Mr. Carleton's benev- 
olence began early in life and increased with 
his income, embracing not only the poor at 
home, but the needy far away. He affiliated 
with the Masonic fraternity and was a member 
of the Congregational church, to the work of 
which he was a liberal contributor. His gifts 
to foreign missions, to home missions and to 
the cause of education in the west and south 
were very large, but the one generous deed 
for which his name will be inscribed in history 
was the donation to Carleton College, North- 
field, Minnesota, in 1871, of $50,000. The 
amount was bestowed without the least osten- 
tation, without any conditions, and in the most 
available form; other gifts were added, and 
from him and other members of his family the 
college received in all nearly $70,000. The 
trustees unanimously requested permission to 
bestow his name upon the institution which, 
previous to the period of his aid, looked only 
to the heroic efforts of a few earnest and de- 
voted men. It is now one of the noblest of our 
western institutions of learning. 

Mr. Carleton was president of the Charles- 
town Gas Light Company and the Sandwich 
Glass Company. He married (first) Lydia 
Hunting, of an old colonial family, and they 
were the parents of a son, William Edward, 
mentioned below. Mr. Carleton married (sec- 
ond), March 11, 1875, Susan Willis, a niece 
of his first wife. Miss Willis was born in 
April, 1818, in Shutesbury, Massachusetts, her 
father being a cousin of the poet, N. P. Willis. 
The first of her ancestors in this country, John 
Hunting, came to Dedham, Massachusetts, in 
1638, and was one of the founders and the first 
ruling elder of the church in that place. Mrs. 
Susan (Willis) Carleton was a most lovely 
character. She and her husband were united 
in their benefactions to Carleton College, and 



it is difficult, if not impossible, to say to which 
of these two the institution owes most. Mrs. 
Carleton died March 23, 1876, and Mr. Carle- 
ton passed away December 5, of the same 
year. Ouiet and simple in manner, retiring in 
disposition, yet decided in character, he was a 
man of unswerving integrity and earnest 
Christian faith. 

(XXVI) William Edward, son of William 
and Lydia (Hunting) Carleton, was born Sep- 
tember 6, 1835, in Boston, Massachusetts. He 
received his education in the private schools 
of Boston, and later attended the Lawrence 
Scientific School of Harvard University. He 
was a member of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association. Mr. Carleton married, Novem- 
ber 21, 1877, Bertha Jane, born January 15, 
1848, in Bangor, Maine, daughter of Dudley 
Franklin and Dollie (MacQuesten) Leavitt, of 
that city. Mr. and Mrs. Carleton became the 
parents of the following children: William 
Dudley, mentioned below ; Guy Edward, born 
November 15, 1879, in the home at Monument 
Square, in Charlestown, now part of Boston, 
graduate of Harvard University, class of 1902, 
and Ruth IngersoU, born at Charlestown, May 
5, 1889. Mr. Carleton died May 20, 1910, 
leaving a name in all respects worthy of his 
noble ancestry. 

(XXVII) William Dudley, son of William 
Edward and Bertha Jane (Leavitt) Carleton, 
was born September 11, 1878, at Charlestown, 
and attended private schools in Boston, and 
also the Boston Latin School, from which he 
graduated in 1898. The same year he entered 
Harvard University, completing the four 
years' course in three years, and graduating in 
the class of 1901, cum laude, with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. After taking a graduate 
course in New College, O.xford University, 
England, he returned to this country and en- 
tered Harvard Law School, from which in 
1905 he received the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. During the ne.xt three years he was in 
the law office of Lord, Day & Lord, New 
York City, and in June, 1908, formed a part- 
nership under the firm name of Jones & 
Carleton, with E. Powis Jones, since which 
time he has been in general practice in New 
York. In February, 1906, he was admitted to 
the New York bar. 

Mr. Carleton is a member of the Bar Asso- 
ciation of New York, the Harvard Club of 
New York, the Bunker Hill Monument Asso- 
ciation and other organizations. He is well 
known for his ability as a lawyer and as a 
public speaker. While at college he received 
the first prize in the Boylston prize-speaking 
contest. In politics he is an Independent. He is a 
communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church. 



lO 



NEW ENGLAND. 



The surname Needham is 
XEEDHAM English in origin. Need- 
ham was a market town in 
county Suffolk. England, and a parish in the 
county of Norfolk, England, and it is probable 
that the families of that name took it, after the 
Norman fashion, from these towns. The fam- 
ily of the Earl of Kilmorey, to take one in- 
stance, took their name from Needham in the 
county of Derby, England, where they are 
supposed to have resided during the reign of 
Edward III., and possibly even earlier. Other 
derivations of the name are from the Saxon, 
neat ; Danish, nad, a herd, and ham, a village. 
In another sense it may denote a clean, fair 
town. The Needham families of the United 
States are the descendants of several early im- 
migrants. Chief among them were John Need- 
ham, of Boston ; Edmund Needham, of Lynn, 
and Anthony Needham, of Salem, Massachu- 
setts. John Needham, of Boston, was born in 
1674, died February 24, 1742, having married 
Mary Jefts, February 26, 1702, the ne.xt gen- 
eration finding them at Billerica, Massachu- 
setts, and Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Ed- 
mund Needham came from London about 
1639 and died at Lynn, Massachusetts, May 
16, 1677, having married a lady of the bap- 
tismal name of Joan. There were several other 
settlers of a somewhat later date whose de- 
scendants are scattered throughout America. 
The Needhams, descendants of Anthony, were 
among the first settlers of Salem and the towns 
in its vicinity and in Hampden county, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(I) Anthony Needham, first immigrant an- 
cestor of the American branch of the Needham 
family here dealt with, was born in England in 
1628, died after September 6, 1705, at Salem, 
Massachusetts. He was among the number 
of municipal officers organized under an act of 
incorporation by the people of the town, and 
he was also lieutenant in the troop of horse 
raised by the Salem authorities. He was in 
religion a Quaker Puritan, and when in Eng- 
land, which he is supposed to have left about 
1650, he took with his family, according to tra- 
dition, an active part in the reformation work 
under Cromwell. He married, January 10, 
1655, at Salem, Massachusetts, .-Vnn Potter, 
who died after July 16, 1695, and by whom he 
had twelve children, namely: i. Rebecca, born 
December 21, 1656; married Michael Chaple- 
man, in January, 1675. 2. Hannah, born June 
30, 1658. 3. Elizabeth, born October i. 1659. 
4. Provided, born February 12. ifi6i. died un- 
married. 5. Anthony, mentionerl below. 6. 
Mary, born February 3, 1665. died unmarried 
in 1742. 7. George, born March 26, 1667, 
died unmarried. 8. Isaac, born April 15, 1669, 



died in May, 1750. 9. Abigail, born May 31, 
1671 ; married Thomas Gould in 1691. 10. 
Thomas, born July 25, 1673, died in 1752. 11. 
Dorothy, born August 25, 1675 ; married Will- 
iam Brown, of Ipswich, [Massachusetts. 12. 
Rachel, born March 17, 1677; married Will- 
iam Small, February 21, 1712. 

(II) Anthony (2), eldest son of Anthony 
(i) and Ann (Potter) Needham, was born 
April II, 1663, died in 1758. He married, 
January 3, 1695, at Salem, Massachusetts, 
Mary Swinerton, born May 17, 1670, by whom 
he had five children, namely: i. Anthony, 
mentioned below. 2. Humphrey, born in 1698. 
3. Ruth, born about 1700, died June 8, 1748, 
at Brimfield, Massachusetts ; married Ben- 
jamin Warner, of Brimfield, Massachusetts. 
April II, 1733, at Salem, Massachusetts. 4. 
Rebeckah, born about 1704; married Jonathan 
Felton, January 18, 1719. 5. Jasper, born 
June 15, 1707, died October 3, 1794. 

(III) Anthony (3), eldest son of Anthony 
(2) and Mary (Swinerton) Needham, was 
born November 23, 1696, died July 2, 1763, 
at South Brimfield, Massachusetts. He re- 
moved from Salem to Brimfield, Massachu- 
setts, and was the first white settler in the 
town. He was the first town clerk, selectman 
and representative to the general court from 
Brimfield from 1730 to 1740. He had numer- 
ous land grants in Brimfield, and was a leader 
in the pioneer work of clearing the wilderness 
and building up a prosperous community. 
When a body of municipal officers was organ- 
ized in 1762 by the authorities of the district 
of South Brimfield he was elected to one of 
the leading positions. He took much interest 
in military affairs and became captain of a 
troop of horse. Wales, Massachusetts, was a 
part of Brimfield, Massachusetts, from 1731 
till 1828, and a small moss-covered stone 
erected in his memory in the old burying 
ground in Wales, bearing the most ancient 
date of any stone there, tells that he died July 
2, 1763, aged sixty-seven years. He married. 
June 10, 1722, at Salem, Massachusetts, Mary 
Moulton, born September 30, 1702, died in 
1790, and by whom he had eleven children, 
namely: i. Anthony, born May 18, 1723, died 
in 1783 at Hopkinton, Massachusetts. 2. 
Mary (Molly), born June 21, 1725; married 
Benjamin Cooley, at Brimfield, Massachu- 
setts, February 14, 1744. 3. Hannah, born in 
March, 1727, died x\ugust 16, 1781 ; married 
William Carpenter, at Brimfield, Massachu- 
setts, April 28, 1743. 4. Ruth, born January 
16, 1729; married Israel Kibbey, at Brimfield, 
Massachusetts, June 7, 1756. 5. Naomi, born 
June 5, 1731, died December 10, 1772, at 
Brimfield, Massachusetts; married Joseph 



NEW ENGLAND. 



II 



Munger, at Brimfield, Massachusetts, June 7, 
1756. 6. Nehemiah, mentioned below. 7. 
Abigail, born November 10, 1736, died Decem- 
ber II, 1736- 8. Jasper, born July 31, 1738, 
died December 14, 1821. 9. Jeremiah, born 
June 17, 1741, died in August, 1815, at Wil- 
mington, New York. 10. Daniel, born Sep- 
tember ID, 1743- II- Abner, born December 
17, 1746. died June 20, 1800. 

(IV) Nehemiah, second son of Anthony 
(3) and Mary (Moulton) Needham, was born 
April 4, 1734, died in 1783. He served with 
his brother Anthony, who was a lieutenant of 
the South Hampshire Regiment in the French 
and Indian war, and who responded as captain 
to the Lexington Alarm. April 19, 1775, in 
both the French and Indian and the revolu- 
tionary wars. With them in the revolution- 
ary war were also their younger brothers, Jas- 
per. Jeremiah, Daniel and Abner. He mar- 
ried (first), June 21, 1758, at Brimfield, Massa- 
chusetts, Eunice Fuller, who died in 1778, at 
South Brimfield, Massachusetts, and by whom 
he had seven children, namely: i. Eunice, 
born June 24, 1759, died November 16, 1837, 
at Brimfield, Massachusetts ; married Robert 
Andrews, April 18, 1781. 2. Mehetable, born 
January 17, 1762; married (first) Ebenezer 
Moulton, December, 1786; married (second) 
Amos Green, September 11, 1828. 3. Jona- 
than, mentioned below. 4. Robert, born No- 
vember 27, 1766, died in 1820, at Stafford, 
Connecticut. 5. Susanna, born December 14, 
1769; married David Brown. 6. Nehemiah, 
born October 16, 1772. 7. Abigail, born June 20, 
1775. He married ( second) , March 10, 1779, at 
South Brimfield, Massachusetts, Lydia Blodg- 
ett, by whom he had two children, namely : 8. 
Sarah, born December 29, 1779; married Will- 
iam Gilbert Jr., November 10, 1800, at Marl- 
boro, Vermont. 9. Samuel, born May 22, 
1782, died February 17, 1813. 

(V) Jonathan, oldest son of Nehemiah and 
Eunice (Fuller) Needham, was born May 21, 
1764, died December 8, 181 1, in Calvert 
county, Maryland. He was a large trader in 
cattle and also did a large business in real 
estate. When the revolutionary war was in 
progress he served along with his brother Rob- 
ert in spite of their youth. He married. May 
30, 1786, at South Brimfield, Massachusetts, 
Eunice, daughter of Captain Asa Fisk, of 
South Brimfield, Massachusetts, land owner 
and farmer, after whom was named Fisk Hill. 
There were five children of the marriage, the 
mother dying after ten years of married life. 
She was born October 24, 1768, died January 
20, 1797. Children: i. Roswell, born August 
8, 1787, died April 8, 1870. 2. Sally, born 
March 29, 1789. 3. Asa, born May 18, 1791, 



died February 11, 1874, at Baltimore, Mary- 
land. 4. Jonathan, mentioned below. 5. 
Chester, born October 10, 1795, died Novem- 
ber 7, 1850. 

(VI) Jonathan (2), third son of Jonathan 
(i) and Eunice (Fisk) Needham, was born 
June 21, 1793, died January 24, 1862, at 
Wales, Massachusetts. He was a deacon of 
the Baptist church for twenty years, and 
served in the war of 1812. He married, De- 
cember 21, 1816, at South Brimfield, Massa- 
chusetts, Lodisa Pratt, born May 3, 1799, died 
November 19, 1873. at Wales, Massachusetts, 
by whom he had three children, namely: i. 
Asa H., born .\pril 6, 182 1, died April 27. 
1849, at Baltimore, Maryland. 2. Eunice M., 
born .\pril 8, 1827, died September 29. 1843, 
at Wales. Massachusetts. 3. Henry M., men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Henry M., son of Jonathan (2) 
and Lodisa (Pratt) Needham, was born No- 
vember 23, 1829, died August 12, 1890. at 
Wales. Massachusetts. He was educated at 
Union College and subsequently at Harvard 
Law School. From his graduation to his death 
he practiced law in New York City and resided 
at Brooklyn, New York. He married. July 6. 
1864, at St. Albans, Vermont. Helen E., 
born October 3, 1840, died August 2;^. 1903, at 
Brooklvn, New York, daughter of Henry T. 
Chapman, of Brooklyn, New York. They had 
three children, all born at Brooklyn, namely: 
I. Helen P., born April 10. 1865; married 
George C. Flynt, of Monson, Massachusetts, 
June 21. 1892, at Brooklyn, New York. 2. 
Henrv Chapman, born November 8, 1866; re- 
ceived his degree of LL. B. from Columbia 
Law School in 1888; is a practicing attorney 
in New York City, devoting his attention al- 
most entirely to real estate and probate work. 
3. George A., born September 12, 1868; after 
completing his course at the Adelphi Academy, 
Brooklyn, entered the employ of Herring & 
Company, manufacturers of safes and bank 
vaults ; later, and upon the sale of that com- 
pany to the so-called trust, he with others or- 
ganized the Remington & Sherman Company, 
manufacturers of safes and vaults; he is vice- 
president of the company and an engineer of 
abilitv. 



This ancient Scotch name, 
PATTERSON long honorably known in 

"Thistle Kingdom." was 
transported to Northern Ireland at a very 
early day in common with many other Scotch 
nam'es, forming a population now popularlv 
known as the Scotch-Irish. These settlers on 
the lands of Antrim. Derry and other North- 
ern Irish counties preserved the traditions. 



T2 



NEW ENGLAND. 



customs and habits of thought of their ancestry 
in such marked degree that it has often been 
said of them, "They were more Scotch than 
the Scotch." The United States owes many of 
its best citizens to this sturdy blood which was 
lured to our shores by the prospects of relig- 
ious liberty and practical opportunity. 

(I) In Argleshire, Scotland, dwelt John 
Patterson, who settled in Northern Ireland 
during the first half of the seventeenth century. 
Little can now be shown regarding his de- 
scendants, but it was known that he had a son 
Robert, mentioned below. 

(II) Robert, son of John Patterson, resided 
in Xortliem Ireland, married, and among his 
children was a son Alexander, mentioned be' 
low. 

(III) Alexander, son of Robert Patterson, 
was born in Northern Ireland. He came to 
America with the immigrants who settled Lon- 
donderry, New Hampshire, locating there in 
1721. No record of his wife appears, and only 
one of his children is known, Alexander, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Alexander (2), son of Alexander (i) 
Patterson, was born at Bush Mills, Northern 
Ireland, in 1714, died in Strafford, Vermont, 
in 1802. In early life he accompanied his 
father to Londonderry, New Hampshire. He 
appears but little in the records of that town, 
in which he served as surveyor of highways in 
I753"55- About the year 1764 he visited the 
town of Henniker, New Hampshire, where he 
appeared leading a cow and carrying a bag of 
meal. He built a shanty of boughs for pro- 
tection while locating his lands and beginning a 
clearing. In the spring of 1765, with his sons, 
Joseph and Isaac, he visited the location, which 
is on the north side of the Contoocook river, 
and there they began a clearing in earnest. At 
that time his family was in Pembroke, New 
Hampshire, whither he returned in time to 
gather his hay crop. After this was accom- 
plished he returned to Henniker with his sons, 
and they then burned off the clearing already 
made and prepared the ground for a crop the 
following year. They built a log cabin, in 
which they settled witli the entire family in the 
fall. The snows of the ensuing winter were 
very deep, and for a period of six weeks they 
saw no person outside of the family. Mr. Pat- 
terson became a leading citizen of Henniker, 
where he served as selectman in 1772-73, and 
from which town he went out as a revolution- 
ary soldier. In 1799 he removed to Thetford, 
\'ermont, and shortly afterward to Strafford, 
same state, where his death occurred. He and 
one of his sons responded to the alarm follow- 
ing the battle of Lexington, and his name ap- 



pears among the signers of the Association 
Test in 1776. 

He married Elizabeth Arbuckle, who was 
born in 1720 on board ship while her parents 
were removing from Scotland to America. She 
is described as a "pert little woman, straight 
as an arrow, of great activity, running over 
with humor, and of an excellent education for 
her day.'' Her name is the only one of a fe- 
male which appears on the call to Rev. David 
McGregor to become first pastor of the 'West 
Parish of Londonderry, New Hampshire. She 
taught one of the first schools in Henniker. 
Children : Lydia, ]Mary, Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Margaret, Sarah, Isaac, Josiah, died 
young; Josiah, Robert, Alexander, James. 

(V) Joseph, eldest son of Alexander (2) 
Patterson, was born in Londonderry, New 
Hampshire, in 1750, died in Henniker, New 
Hampshire, January 16, 1831. He resided on 
the homestead in Henniker, and was an indus- 
trious, successful and useful citizen, acquiring 
the title of honorable, which was an unusual 
honor in his time. He enlisted for three 
months' service, September 20, 1776, in Cap- 
tain Emery's company. Colonel Baldwin's regi- 
ment, and participated in the battle of White 
Plains, October 28, 1776, having been shot 
through the neck. He lost most of his accou- 
trement on account of this injury, and the state 
subsequently granted him five pounds and 
fourteen shillings. He married Susannah, 
daughter of Captain William and Naomi (Bell) 
Dimcan, of Londonderry, and granddaughter 
of George and Margaret (Cross) Duncan and 
of John and Elizabeth (Todd) Bell, who were 
among the leading citizens of Londonderry. 
Children : Abraham, Elizabeth, Polly, Joseph, 
William, mentioned below : Samuel, Rachel, 
Susannah, George, .A.nna. Margaret. 

(VI) William, third son of Joseph Patter- 
son, was born in Henniker, New Hampshire, 
November 4, 1784, died in Lowell, Massachu- 
setts, April 26, 1862. He resided on the pater- 
nal homestead until 1843, when he removed 
to Manchester, New Hampshire, and later to 
Lowell, Massachusetts. He was connected 
with the operation of various mills, and is 
described as an energetic and industrious citi- 
zen. He was captain of the Henniker Militia 
Company. He married (first) Lydia Joslyn, 
born September 19, 1787, in Henniker, New 
Hampshire, where she died March 12, 1816, 
daughter of James and Sarah (Wetherbee) 
Joslyn. He married (second) August 29, 
1820, Frances Mary Shepard, of Holderness, 
New Hampshire, born April 20, 1795, died 
June 19, 1858. Children of first wife : i. Mary, 
born 181 1, died March 24, 1812. 2. Alonzo, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



13 



born March 21, 1813, died July 18, 1885; re- 
sided in Henniker, where he served as select- 
man and was otherwise prominent. 3. George 
W., born March 12, 181 5, died July 19, 1895. 
Children of second wife: 4. Lydia A., died 
young. 5. James Willis, born July 2, 1823, 
died May 4, 1893; professor in Dartmouth 
College, member of congress and United States 
senator from New Hampshire. 6. Sophia 
Anne, born October 23, 1825, died February 
21, 1877: married Charles Wilkins ; resided in 
California. 7. Joseph D., died young. 8. Har- 
riet W., born March 25, 1830, died January 
13, 1910; married Charles Smith, of Law- 
rence, Massachusetts. 9. Joseph, died young. 
10. Frances Jane, died young. 11. John Bart- 
lett, born August 9, 1836. 12. Charles Henry, 
mentioned below. 

(VH) Charles Henry, youngest son of Will- 
iam Patterson, was born in Henniker, New 
Hampshire, January 20, 1840. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Manchester. 
Later he entered Dartmouth College, from 
which he was graduated in 1864 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. Very shortly after- 
wards he entered the public service, being em- 
ployed in the war and treasury departments 
at Washington, D. C, from 1864 to 1866. Dur- 
ing this period he pursued the study of law 
and attended lectures at the Law School of 
Columbian University, Washington, from 
which he graduated with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Laws in 1866. He was immediately 
admitted to the bar in Washington, but never 
engaged in the active practice of his profes- 
sion. He was employed in a clerical position 
in the office of the assistant treasurer until 
1868, when he received promotion to an official 
position, which he resigned in 1882 to become 
assistant cashier of the Fourth National Bank 
of New York. In 1887 he was appointed 
cashier of the same institution, and in 1910 
became vice-president, in which capacity he 
is serving at the present time (1912). Mr. 
Patterson is a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and in politics is a Republican. 

Mr. Patterson married, November 17, 
1868, Frances Anne Holden, of Lowell, Mas- 
sachusetts, born September 25, 1843, daughter 
of Frederick Artemas Holden, and grand- 
daughter of Artemas Holden. Children: i. 
Frederick Holden, born June 27, 1870: gradu- 
ate of Columbia University ; lawyer bv pro- 
fession ; married, October 17, 1900, Alay C, 
daughter of James W. Corsa; child, Shepard 
Holden, born December 6, 1901. 2. Edith, 
born August 26, 1874; married, June i, 1901, 
William N. Shaw ; child, Mary Elizabeth, born 
June 24, 1908. 3. Roswell Miller, born Sep- 



tember 15, 1876; graduate of Yale College; 
lawyer by profession ; married, October 22, 
19 10, Antoinette Sexton. 



Frank Spencer VVither- 
WITHERBEE bee, born at Port Henry, 

New York, May 12, 1852, 
comes from an old New England family, and 
is a direct descendant of John Witherbye, who 
was born in the county of Suffolk, England, 
about 1650, and came to America in 1672. His 
name first appears at Marlboro, Massachu- 
setts, as having married May A., daughter of 
John Howe, a prominent citizen of that place. 
He fought in "King Philip's War," and on 
March 26, 1676, when at church, was attacked 
by the Indians, who also set fire to his house. 
He was later one of the founders of the town 
of Stow, Massachusetts, and in 1688 was 
elected a selectman of that town, where he 
died about the year 171 1. 

(H) Thomas Witherbye, son of John 
Witherbye, was bom in Sudbury, Massachu- 
setts, January 5, 1678, died January 23, 1713. 
He resided in "Alarlboro, Massachusetts. He 
married, February 20, 1699, Hannah, born 
August 4, 1677, daughter of John and Lydia 
Wood, of Marlboro. She married (second),. 
August 8, 1716, Moses Leonard. Children of 
Thomas and Hannah (Wood) Witherbye: 
Mary, born June 10, 1700; Hannah, June,. 
1702 ; Thomas, March 4, 1705 ; Silas, of whom 
further; Submit, March 9, 1710. 

(III) Captain Silas Witherbye, son of 
Thomas Witherbye, was born at Marlboro, 
Massachusetts, July 20, 1707, died at Shrews- 
bury, March 10, 1783. He married, August 
20, 1738, Thankful Keyes, born at Marlboro 
in 1709, died in Shrewsbury, June 12, 1782, 
daughter of Major John Keyes, known at 
that time as "the famous Major." 

(IV) Lieutenant Thomas Witherby, son 
of Captain Silas Witherbye, was bom in Graf- 
ton, Massachusetts, June i, 1747, died May 9, 
1827, in Shrewsbury, whither he had removed 
in 1777. He married, January 2, 1770, Relief 
Huston, of Dunstable, New Hampshire, born 
in May, 1749, died December 23, 1813. Chil- 
dren: Lewis, born December 2, 1770 ; Jona- 
than, of whom further; Thomas, born Feb- 
ruary 13, 1774; Sally, born September 10, 

(V) Jonathan Witherbee, son of Lieutenant 
Thomas Witherby. was born in Fitzwilliam, 
Massachusetts. M'arch 3, 1772, died in Brid- 
port, Vermont, August 18. 1820. He mar- 
ried, October 30, 1795, at Shrewsbury. Massa- 
chusetts, Virtue Hemenway, born in Shrews- 
burv, January 23. 1775, died there. May la 



14 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1849, daughter of Silas and Mary Smith Hem- 
enway. 

(\ I) Thomas Weatherby, son of Jonathan 
W'itherbee, was bom in Shrewsbury, Massa- 
chusetts, April 2, 1797, died at Port Henry, 
New York, August 12, 1850. He married, 
November 4, 1819, Millie Adams of Bridport, 
Vermont, born in Dublin, New Hampshire, 
July 2, 1799, died at Port Henry, New York, 
May 27, 1879, daughter of Timothy Adams, 
who was a descendant of Henry Adams, of 
Quincy, Massachusetts, the ancestor of the 
two Presidents Adams. 

(MI) Jonathan Oilman Adams W'itherbee, 
son of Thomas Weatherby, was born in Crown 
Point, New York, June 7, 1821, died at Port 
Henry, New York, August 25, 1875. He was 
one of the principal pioneers of the iron ore 
industry of Lake Champlain, and one of the 
founders of the firm of Lee, Sherman & With- 
erbee, established in 1849, and merged into the 
firm of W'itherbee, Sherman & Company in 
1862, which was incorporated under the same 
name in 1900, and is now one of the largest 
producers of iron ore in this country. He was 
a man of wide influence in both business and 
political circles. He married, Alay 13, 1846, 
Charlotte Spencer, born in 'V'ergennes, Ver- 
mont, February 15, 1827, and at this time 
( 1912) is still living. Her father was Jona- 
than B. Spencer, born in Vergennes, Vermont, 
in 1796, died at VVestport, New York, in No- 
vember, 1875. He was one of the pioneers 
in developing the lumber districts of Canada 
and the Western States. He served with dis- 
tinction in the war of 1812, and for his ser- 
vices received a tract of land in the state of 
Iowa. His wife was May (Walker) Spencer, 
born in Vergennes, \ermont, April 6, 1802, 
died in Westport, New York, in July, 1895, ^' 
the age of ninety-three years, and with scarcely 
a gray hair in her head. 

(\'ni) Frank Spencer Witherbee, son of 
Jonathan Oilman Adams and Charlotte (Spen- 
cer) Witherbee, was born, as stated at the be- 
ginning of this article, at Port Henry, New 
York, May 12, 1852. He was educated in 
various private schools and at Yale Univer- 
sity, from which he was graduated in the class 
of 1874 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
Since 1875 he has devoted himself chiefly to 
iron mining at Port Henry, New York, having 
succeeded his father in the copartnership of 
Witherbee, Sherman & Company in that year. 
L'pon the incorporation of that company in 
1900 he was elected its first president, which 
office he still holds. He is also president of the 
[^ake Camplain & Moriah Railroad Company, 
and of the Cubitas Iron Ore Company, and 
vice-president of the Cheever Iron Ore Com- 



pany. He was formerly president of the Troy 
Steel Company and vice-president of the Ten- 
nessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company, both 
of which companies are now a part of the 
United States Steel Corporation. He is a di- 
rector of the Equitable Life Assurance Society, 
the Chatham and Pheni.x National Bank, and 
the Fulton Trust Company, of New York 
City; and of the Citizens' National Bank, Port 
Henry, New York, and the Central Hudson 
Steamboat Company. 

He has traveled extensively in the United 
States, Canada and Europe. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and has taken an active part 
in public aiifairs. He represented New York 
state on the Republican National committee 
during the second Harrison campaign, was for 
many years a member of the Republican state 
committee of New York, and was frequently a 
delegate to National, state and other nominat- 
ing conventions of the Republican party. In 
the first Harrison election he was chosen as a 
presidential elector from New York state. He 
was a prime mover in securing the legislation 
to create an Adirondack State Park and to 
complete the State Barge Canal. He served 
five years in the New York state militia. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian church. He 
is a director of the American Iron and Steel 
Institute and a member of the American In- 
stitute of Mining Engineers, Lake Superior 
Mining Institute, New York Chamber of 
Commerce, Metropolitan Aluseum of Art, 
American Museum of Natural History, New 
York State Historical .Association, American 
Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, Sons 
of the Revolution and American Oeographic 
Society. He is a member of the following 
clubs : Union, University, Metropolitan, Re- 
publican, Down Town and Railroad (New 
York City) ; Tu.xedo, Sleepy Hollow Country, 
Travellers' (Paris), and Benedict (Port 
Henry, New York). His residences are at 
No. 4 Fifth avenue. New Y'ork City, and at 
"Ledgeside," Port Henry, New York. 

He married, April 25, 1883, Mary Rhine- 
lander, daughter of Lispenard and Mary 
(Rhinelander) Stewart (see Stewart V). 
Children: Lispenard Stewart, born in New 
Y'ork City, June i, 1886, died February 8, 
1907 ; Evelyn Spencer, born at Port Henry, 
New York, July 8, 1889. 

(The Stewart l^ine). 

(II) Charles Stewart, the pioneer ancestor, 
son of Robert Stewart, came from the north 
of Ireland with the Scotch-Irish in 1750 and 
settled in Plunterdon county. New Jersey. He 
was commissioned by congress, June 18, 1777, 
as commissary of issues in the army of the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



15 



United States and served as such during tine 
remainder of the revolutionary war. He was 
the niale representative of his grandfather, a 
Scottish officer of dragoons, wounded in the 
battle of the Boyne in Ireland, fighting with 
the army of William III. At a later date he 
made his home in county Donegal, Ireland. 

(III) Robert Stewart, brother of Charles 
Stewart, lived at Londonderry, Ireland, and 
at Hunterdon county, New Jersey; died in 

1785- 

(IV) Alexander L., seventh child of Rob- 
ert Stewart, was born May 31, 1775. He mar- 
ried, January 2"], 1803, Sarah, daughter of 
Anthony Lispenard (see Lispenard IV). Chil- 
dren: I. Helen, born February 28, 1805; mar- 
ried James Watson Webb, of New York, and 
among their children was General .'Vlexander 
S. Webb, of civil war fame, president of the 
College of the City of New York. 2. Mary 
Jordan, married, February 14, 1826, Stephen 
Hogeboom Webb. 3. Sarah A., married 
(first) John Skillman, and (second) Rev. 
Charles Samuel Stewart. 4. Lispenard, of 
whom further. 5. Eliza (or Elvia), born 
March, 1812, died unmarried, February 22, 
1866. 6. Amelia Barclay, born November 6, 
1814, died April 74, 1826. 7. Matilda Wilson, 
born February 6, 1816; married Herman C. 
LeRoy. 

(V) Lispenard, son of Alexander L. Stew- 
art, was born in New York City, August 9, 
1809. He married, June 4, 1834, Louisa Ste- 
phania Salles, who died September 7, 1837. 
He married (second), December 22, 1847, 
Mary Rogers Rhinelander (see Rhinelander 
IV). Children by first wife: i. Louisa Ste- 
phania, born at Paris. May 21, 1836; married. 
May 21, 1861, John B. Trevor and had Helen 
and Henry G. 2. Sarah Lispenard, born April 
9, 1837; married, April 20, 1864, Frederick 
Graham Lee. Children by second wife: 3. 
William Rhinelander, bom December 3, 1852; 
married. November 5, 1879, Annie Armstrong 
and had Muriel, Anita and William R. 4. 
Lispenard, born July 19, 1855 ; state senator, 
prominent in business and public life. 5. Mary 
Rhinelander, born March 3, 1859; married, 
April 25, 1883, Frank Spencer Witherbee (see 
Witherbee VIII). 

(The Lispenard Line). 

(I) Antoine L'Espenard, who came from a 
tamilj of French extraction claiming descent 
from the ancient nobility of France, left Ro- 
chelle in his native country in 1669 for Amer- 
ica with his wife Abeltie, and in 1670 he was 
a settler at Albany, New York A treaty of 
neutrality between the English and French, 
dated November 16, 1686, stipulated that the 



Indian trade should be free to the colonies of 
both nations and that neither French nor Eng- 
lish should interfere in the warfare among the 
Indians. .Xntoine L'Espenard was the repre- 
sentative of the English government dis- 
patched by Governor Dongan from New York 
to Governor Denonville in Canada. He was 
selected, it is believed, because he was an in- 
timate ac(|uaintance of the governor and 
doubtless spoke his language perfectly. L'Es- 
penard ascertained during his mission that 
the French were preparing to make a winter 
expedition on snow shoes against .\lbany to 
burn the city, because the inhabitants had aided 
the Seneca Indians. L'Espenard warned 
Colonel Peter Schuyler at .Albany, then mayor 
of the city, and Schuyler moved promptlv 
against the French settlements at the north end 
of Lake Champlain and won a victory. For a 
few years L'Espenard lived at Saratoga and 
he was one of the French settlers taken to 
Albany when the war between the French and 
English colonies came in 1690. He was re- 
leased immediately with other French known 
to be friends of the English. Soon afterward 
he joined the Huguenot colony at New Ro- 
chelle. New York, and, according to tradition, 
he was joined by Baroness L'Espenard, prob- 
ably a relative. He resided on what is now 
Davenport's Neck on Long Island sound. 
When he was eighty-one years old he was 
granted by the freeholders of New Rochelle 
land upon which to build a grist mill, which 
he erected on the east side of the Neck, then 
called Leisler's and LeCount's Neck, and the 
family mansion stood at the easterly end of the 
millpond. L'Espenard died at New Rochelle 
is his eighty-sixth year. His will was re- 
corded in Albany and a second will was dated 
April 3, 1685, in New York. These wills be- 
queath to wife Abeltie and children — David, 
.\nthony, of whom further; Johannes, Cor- 
nelia, Margarita and Abigail. 

(II) Anthony Lispenard, as the name has 
been spelled since the days of the pioneer, son 
of Antoine L'Espenard, was born October 31, 
1683. He married, November 7, 1705, Eliza- 
beth Huygens de Klyne, daughter of Leonard 
and granddaughter of Barrentsen Huygens de 
Klyne, of New York. Elizabeth was baptized 
March 29, 1688 (Reformed Dutch Church. 
New York), .\nthony died in the seventy- 
fifth year of his age and his will was dated 
.August 16, 1755. Children: .\nthony, Mag- 
dalen, Leonard, of whom further ; John. Eliza- 
beth, David, .Abigail, Maria and Susannah. 

(HI) Leonard, son of .Anthony Lispenard. 
was born December 14, 1714. He married, in 
1741, .Alice, ilaughter of .\nthony and Cornelia 
Rutgers. His wife inherited from her father. 



i6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



who died in 1746, a third of one large landed 
estate known as the Rutgers Farm, a portion 
of the extensive grant of land which Anthony 
Rutgers received from George II. In an or- 
chard on this farm on East Broadway, New 
York, Nathan Hale, the American spy, was 
hanged. Leonard Lispenard purchased, Sep- 
tember 28, 1748, from the sisters of his wife, 
the other two-thirds and became sole owner of 
this farm. Leonard Lispenard was an import- 
ing merchant in New York, and for some fifty 
years he held important offices of trust. From 
1750 to 1762 he was an alderman and was 
one of the committee of the common coun- 
cil to draft an address in honor of Lord 
Amherst for his success in the war against 
Canada in 1760. He was a member of the 
Twenty-eighth session assembly, province of 
New York, 1759; twenty-ninth session, 1761- 
63, delegate to the "Stamp Act Congress" 
which met in New York in 1765, and in 
the same year he was one of the twenty- 
eight delegates from New York City who 
united with delegates from eight other colo- 
nies in a futile effort to secure the repeal 
of certain obnoxious laws. In 1773 he was 
president of the New York Marine Society. 
He was an original member of the Society 
of the New York Hospital and one of 
its governors from 1770 to 1777, and from 
1780 to 1787. He was a member of the "Com- 
mittee of Fifty-one," elected May 14, 1774, to 
act on the impending crisis, and one of the 
"Provisional Committee" which met in New 
York, April 20, 1775; member of the "Com- 
mittee of One Hundred," chosen May 5, 1775, 
to control all general affairs relating to public 
interests : deputy to the revolutionary con- 
gress in New York in 1775. He was regent 
of the University, and governor, trustee and 
treasurer of King's College, now Columbia 
University. As a member of the "Committee 
of Observation" he was active in political 
movements and influential in molding public 
sentiment. When the news of Lexington came 
a small body of men, including Anthony and 
Leonard Lispenard, seized a sloop laden with 
provisions for the English at Boston and threw 
the cargo overboard, and on .\pril 23, 1775, 
captured a thousand stands of arms and sent 
them to the American army. Leonard Lispen- 
ard, who was then holding a commission as 
colonel of militia under the king, resigned. On 
his way to Boston to take command of the 
army General Washington and his party, June 
25- I775- were entertained at the house of 
Colonel Lispenard at what is now the corner 
of Hudson and Desbrosses streets. Lispenard 
died February 20, 1790. was buried in the 
family vault in Trinity churchyard. His es- 



tate was bounded on the north by Canal street, 
south by Reade street and extended from the 
Hudson river to West Broadway. Lispenard, 
Leonard and Anthony streets were named for 
the family. 

Children: Leonard, born 1743, graduate of 
King's College, 1762, merchant, member of 
chamber of commerce, owned the property at 
Davenport's Neck, where he had a summer 
residence; Cornelia, married, February 5, 
1759, Thomas Marston ; Anthony, of whom 
further. 

(I\') Anthony (2), son ol Leonard Lis- 
penard, was baptized in the Reformed Dutch 
church. New York, Decembe. 8, 1742. He 
married, December 10, 1764, his cousin, Sarah, 
daughter of Andrew Barclay a New York 
merchant, after whose famib Barclay street 
was named. The wife of . ndrew Barclay 
was Helen Roosevelt, niece of Rev. Henry 
Barclay, rector of Trinity Chur-h, New York. 
Her sisters were Mrs. .Augustus \'an Court- 
land, of the Manor of Yan Courtland ; Mrs. 
Frederick Jay, Mrs. Beverly Robinson and 
Mrs. Bayley, whose descendant. James Roose- 
velt Bayley, was Roman Catholic Archbishop 
of Baltimore and Primate of America. An- 
thony Lispenard was the proprietor of exten- 
sive breweries and mills on Greenwich road 
near the foot of the present Canal street. It 
is said that he was captain of militia at the be- 
ginning of the revolution and sided with the 
colonies against the king. 

Children : Thomas and Anthony, died un- 
married ; Alice, died unmarried in 1886; 
Leonard, married Ann Dorothy Bache ; Helen 
Roosevelt, married, in 1792, her cousin, Paul 
Richard Bache; Sarah, married, January 27, 
1803, .Alexander L. Stewart (see Stewart IV). 

(The Rhinelander Line). 

(I) Philip Jacob Rhinelander, immigrant 
ancestor, was bom about 1650 on the Rhine in 
France, died in New Rochelle, New York. His 
native place was four miles above Oberwessel. 
He came with the Huguenots in 1686 and set- 
tled in New Rochelle on Long Isla id sound. 
He became an extensive land owner. 

(II) William, son of Philip Jacob Rhine- 
lander, was born in New Rochelle, and died in 
New York City. He invested largely in real 
estate and was trustee of the family. He mar- 
ried Magdalen, daughter of Stephen Renaud, 
of New Rochelle. 

fill) William (2), son of William (i) 
Rhinelander, was born in New York City in 
1753, died there in 1825. He possessed much 
real estate and was trustee of the Rhinelander 
estate. He married Mary, daughter of Chris- 
topher and Mary (Dyer) Roberts, grand- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



17 



daughter of John Dyer and descendant of 
Colonel Roberts, a line officer in the revolution, 
also of Huguenot ancestry. 

(IV) William Christopher, son of William 
(2) Rhinelander, was born in New York City 
in 1791, died there in 1878. lie was trustee of 
the family estates under his father's will. He 
was quartermastei' and lieutenant in Colonel 
Stone's regiment in the war of 181 2. He mar- 
ried, in 1816, Mary Rogers, descendant of 
John and Mary (Pierrepont) Rogers. Mary 
Pierrepont was a niece of Benjamin Franklin. 
Children : Mary Rogers, married Lispenard 
Stewart (see Stewart IV) ; Julia, died young; 
William, trustee of the Rhinelander estates, 
married, June i, 1863, Matilda Cruger, daugh- 
ter of Thomas J. Oakley, chief justice of the 
supreme court, 1846-57; member of congress 
1813-15 ; Serena. 



George Willis, the immigrant, 
WILLIS was born in England in 1602. 

He came to New England in 
1636 or earlier and settled in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts. He was a mason by trade and in 
Cambridge engaged in the manufacture of 
brick. In 1636 he was a proprietor of the town 
of Cambridge, and he was admitted a freeman 
of the colony. May 2, 1638. He petitioned 
to be excused from training in 1662. He was 
probably a brother of Michael Willis, cutler, 
of Dorchester. There were at least seventeen 
emigrants bearing the name of Willis in Mas- 
sachusetts and Plymouth colonies before 1650, 
and it is, of course, impossible to trace the con- 
nection between them, if any existed. George 
Willis acquired considerable land in Cam- 
bridge, Brookline, Billerica and vicinity. He 
lesided on the west side of the common in 
Cambridge. In 1638 he was a deputy to the 
general court. He married (first) Jane Pal- 
frey, widow, who had children John and Eliza- 
beth Palfrey. The son, John Palfrey, who 
came to America and joined the church at 
Cambridge, December 10, 1658, is the progen- 
itor of the Palfrey families in this country. On 
joining the church in 1640 Jane Willis spoke 
of formerly being in Newcastle and Heddon, 
England. George Willis married (second) 

Sarah , who survived -him. He died 

September, 1690. Children of George and 
Jane Willis: John, born in 1630: Nathaniel, 
mentioned below ; George ; Thomas, born De- 
cember 28, 1638, at Cambridge; Roger, in 
1640, settled in Sudbury; Stephen, October 
14, 1644. 

(II) Nathaniel, son of George Willis, ap- 
pears to have left practically no record behind 
him. He owned land in Dorchester. The 
family history names as his children : Nathan- 



iel, mentioned below; John, married Rebecca 
Tufts; Andrew, married Susanna 

(III) Nathaniel (2), son of .Vatlianiel (i) 
Willis, is believed to have had these children: 
Charles, mentioned below; James, Richard, 
had a son William at Boston. 

(IV) Charles, son of Nathaniel (2) Willis, 
married, in 1727, Anna Ingalls, probably 
daughter of John and Sarah (Russell) In- 
galls. Her will proved in 1765 mentions only 
two children : Charles, mentioned below ; 
Anna, born December 29, 1731. 

(V) Charles (2), son of Charles (i) Wil- 
lis, was born in Boston, .August 21, 1728. His 
father appears to have died when he was a 
child and he was brought up in Boston in the 
bookstore of John Phillips and Nathaniel Bel- 
knap on Cornhill. He was a sailmaker. He 
married Abigail Belknap, born May 2, 1730, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Rebecca (Bailey) 
Belknap, granddaughter of Joseph and .Abigail 
(Buttolph) Belknap and great-granddaughter 
of Abraham Belknap, of Boston, ancestor of 
Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Belknap, of Boston, author 
of "The History of New Hampshire." His 
mother was daughter of John Bailey and 
granddaughter of the gifted Rev. Thomas 
Bailey, of Watertown. Children : Charles, 
born 1753; Nathaniel, mentioned below; Abi- 
gail, married. 1785, Lieutenant Isaac Collins. 

(VI) Nathaniel (3), son of Charles (2) 
Willis, was born February 7, 1755, died in 
Ohio, April i, 183 1. 

He was a printer by trade. From June, 
1774, to January, 1784, he published the Inde- 
pendent Chronicle, a Whig newspaper, in Bos- 
ton, printed in the same building in which 
Benjamin Franklin had worked at his trade. 
He was an active man. a fine horseman and a 
leader of the patriots. He took part in the 
Boston tea party and was adjutant of the Bos- 
ton regiment sent on an expedition to Rhode 
Island under General Sullivan in the revolu- 
tionary war. In 1784 he sold his interest in 
the Independent Chronicle and became one of 
the pioneer journalists of the frontier. He 
removed first, however, to Winchester. Vir- 
ginia, where he published a paper for a short 
time ; then to Shepardstown, where for a time 
he published a paper, and thence in 1790 to 
Martinsburg, Virginia, where he founded the 
Potomac Guardian and published it until 1796. 
In that year he removed to Chillicothc. Ohio, 
and established the Scioto Gazette, the first 
newspaper in what was then known as the 
Northwest Territor}-. He was printer to the 
government of the territory and afterward 
held an agency in the post office department. 
He bought and cultivated a farm at Chilli- 
cothe, where his death occurred. 



i8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



He married (first) at New London, Con- 
necticut, Lucy Douglas, born September 22, 
1755, at New London, daughter of Natlian and 
Anne (Dennis) Douglas, granddaughter of 
Thomas and Hannah (Sperry) Douglas and 
great-granddaughter of Robert and Mary 
Douglas, first of Ipswich, Massachusetts, then 
of New London. She died in Boston, May i, 
I7_. He married (second), January 18, 
1789, Mary Cartwell, at Winchester, Virginia, 
bom September 7, 1770, died September 9, 
1844. Children by first wife: Andrew and 
Mary, died young; Nathaniel, mentioned be- 
low; Rebecca, born July 28, 1782. By second 
wife: Elijah C, born January 9, 1790; Sarah 
A., May 10, 1791 ; Mary A., February 12, 
1793 : Eliza A., October 7, 1795 ; Catherine C, 
May 12, 1797; Martin C. February 19, 1799; 
Julia A., March 29, 1801 ; Matilda, November 
22, 1802; Henry C, February 5, 1805; James 
M., January 20, 1808; Madeline C. October 
19, 181 1. 

(VII) Nathaniel (4), son of Nathaniel (3) 
Willis, was born in Boston, June 6, 1780, died 
May 26, 1870. He remained there until 1787, 
when he joined his father in Winchester, Vir- 
ginia, and was set to work folding newspapers 
and setting type. .At Martinsburg, a few years 
later, he became postrider and with his time- 
honored tin horn used to deliver the papers 
from saddle-bags through the country round 
about. A sketch of the old office of the Poto- 
mac Guardian made by Porte Crayon is in the 
possession of Richard Storrs Willis, of De- 
troit. At the age of fifteen Nathaniel returned 
to Boston and entered the printing office of 
his father's old newspaper, the Independent 
Chronicle, workmg in the same pressroom in 
which his father and the great Franklin had 
worked in their day as apprentices. He also 
found time while in Boston to drill a militia 
company, the Fusiliers. In 1803. at the re- 
quest of a Maine congressman and others of 
the Republican party, he established at Port- 
land, Maine, the Eastern Argus. Party feel- 
ing was vehement and the controversies in his 
newspaper soon involved Willis in costly libel 
suits, .\fter six years he sold the newspaper 
to Francis Douglas. .\\. this time, through the 
influence of Rev. Dr. Edward Payson. the 
e<iitor turned his attention to religion. From 
1810 to 1812 he made efforts to establish a re- 
ligious newspaper in Portland, but secured no 
substantial support. In the meantime he sup- 
ported himself by publishing tracts and relig- 
ious books. In January. 18 16. he started the 
Boston Recorder, which he asserted to be the 
first religious newspaper in the world. He con- 
ducted this paper until 1844. when he sold it 
to Rev. Martin Moore, and it still lives in the 



Congregationalist and Boston Recorder. Wil- 
lis also originated the idea of a religious paper 
for children. The Youth's Compayiion, which 
he commenced in 1827 and edited for about 
thirty years, was the first and remains today 
perhaps the best and most successful publica- 
tion of its kind. 

Charles Dudley Warner wrote of him: 

The elder Willis, though a thoroughly good man 
and good father, was a rather wooden person. His 
youth and early manhood had been full of hardship; 
his education was scanty, and he had the formal 
and narrow piety of the new evangelicals of that 
day, revolting against the latitudinarianisra of the 
Boston Churches. He was for twenty years deacon 
of the Park Street Church, profanely nicknamed by 
the Unitarians Brimstone Corner. * * « His 
rigidity was, perhaps, more in his principles than in 
his character, and his austerity was tempered by 
two qualities which have not seldom been found to 
consist with the diaconate, namely, a sense of 
humor — dry of course to the correct degree — and 
an admiration for pretty women, or, in the dialect 
of that day, for female loveliness. 

Mr. Willis married (first) Hannah Parker, 
who was a native of Holliston, Massachusetts, 
"a woman whose strong character and fervent 
piety were mingled with a playful afifection- 
ateness which made her to her children the 
object of that perfect love which casteth out 
fear." The testimony to her worth and her 
sweetness is universal. The Rev. Dr. Storrs, 
of Braintree, in an obituary notice written on 
her death in 1844, at the age of sixty-two, 
spoke of her as "the light and joy of every 
circle in which she moved; the idol of her 
family ; the faithful companion, the tender 
mother, the affectionate sister, the fast and 
assiduous friend." She was born January 28, 
1782, died in Boston. March 21. 1844, daugh- 
ter of Solomon and Elizabeth Parker, descend- 
ant of John Parker, a pioneer of Hingham. 
Mr. Willis married (second). July 8, 1845, 
Susan (Capen) Douglas, widow of Francis 
Douglas. She was born October 11. 1790. 
Children: i. Lucy Douglas, born May 11, 
1804; married Josiah F. Bumstead. 2. Na- 
thaniel Parker, mentioned below. 3. Louisa 
Harris, born May 11, 1807; married Rev. L. 
Dwight. 4. Julia Dean, a talented writer in 
her brother's paper ; never married. 5. Sarah 
Payson, born July 9, i8ri ; a prolific and suc- 
cessful writer for children under the name of 
"Fanny Fern ;" married Charles Eldridge. 6. 
Mary Perry, born November 28, 1813, died 
unmarried, March 22. 1853. 7. Richard Storrs, 
born February 10. 1819; editor of the Musical 
World, author of "Our Church Music," a 
poet and musical composer of note ; married 
Jessie Cairns. 8. Ellen Holmes, born Septem- 
ber 23. 1821, died February 5. 1844; married, 
June 12, 1843, Charles F. Dennett. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



19 



(VIII) Nathaniel Parker, son of Nathaniel 
(4) Willis, was born in Portland, Maine, Jan- 
uary 20, 1806. He began his school life un- 
der the instruction of Rev. Dr. McFarland, of 
Concord, New Hampshire. Afterward he at- 
tended the Boston Latin School, Phillips Acad- 
emy of .\ndover, Massachusetts, and Yale 
College, from which he was graduated with 
high honors in the class of 1827. While in 
college he b^an to write under the signature 
of "Roy," and he published various religious 
articles and won' the first prize offered by 
Lockwood, the publisher, for the best poem 
contributed to his gift book, "The Album." 
After leaving college he became the editor of 
the "Legendary" and the "Token," a series of 
sketches and tales, published by S. G. Good- 
rich, known as "Peter Parley." In the follow- 
ing year, 1828, he established the American 
Monthly Magazine, and conducted it for two 
years and a half, when it was merged with the 
Nctv York Mirror, and the interesting literary 
partnership of the editors, Nathaniel P. Wil- 
lis and George P. Morris, be^an. Willis went 
abroad as soon as the partnership was 
launched and contributed to the Mirror the 
piquant sketches called "Pencillings by the 
Way," while traveling. He made a long and 
interesting journey through all the countries 
of the Continent. During his foreign resi- 
dence he wrote for the New Monthly Maga- 
zine the tales and sketches of "Philip Slings- 
by." 

In 1837 Mr. Willis returned home and made 
his home near the village of Oswego, New 
York, at "Glenmary." The sudden loss of 
his income by the death of his father-in-law 
and the failure of his booksellers, five years 
later, compelled him to return to the city. 
For a time he was associated with Dr. Porter 
in the publication of the Corsair, a weekly 
critical journal. While in London soon after- 
ward he published a collection of stories, 
poems and letters under the title of "Loiter- 
ings of Travel," and another volume, "Two 
Ways of Dying for a Husband," which con- 
tained his plays, "Bianca Visconti" and "Tor- 
tesa the Usurer," and when he returned he 
found the Corsair had failed and he engaged 
with General Morris in the publication of the 
New Mirror, first as a weekly, afterward as a 
daily. The Neiv Mirror passed into other 
hands while Willis was sick abroad, and upon 
his return he was again associated with Gen- 
eral Morris in the publication of a weekly, the 
Home Journal. As editor and contributor in 
New York, and at his second country place, 
"Idlewild,"on the Hudson, Willis toiled faith- 
fully through the twenty-one years of life that 
remained to him. During the civil war he 



went to the front as correspondent of his pa- 
per. He died at "Idlewild," January 20, 1867. 
A recent writer says of his early life: 

He figured to some extent in the more fashion- 
able society of Boston, gave great care to his dress 
and personal appearance, and drove a high-stepping 
bay horse which he named Thalaba. For frequent- 
ing the theatre and neglecting his duties in Park 
Street Church, he was excommunicated from the 
church. In England Lady Blessington and other 
persons of less notoriety and perhaps a secure posi- 
tion took him up and made much of him. To 
w'omen particularly, and often to older women, he 
was here, as elsewhere, very attractive. He was 
given the entree of the best clubs, and found it as 
easy as it had been at New Haven to make him- 
self agreeable to everybody. No, not everybody, 
for when his Pencillings were reprinted in England 
there were those who took him roundly to task for 
some of the things he had said. He fought a duel 
with Captain Marryat, the author. 

He was unquestionably among the foremost 
poets and writers in this country in his day. 
No complete edition of his works has been 
published. Thirteen volumes published by 
Scribner contained a large part of his writings. 
A bibliography is given in the biography writ- 
ten by Professor Henry A. Beers, edited by 
Charles Dudley Warner, and published in the 
"American Men of Letters" series of the Riv- 
erside Press in 1885. This list describes twen- 
ty-nine books, besides nine others that he 
edited and wrote in part. 

He married (first) in England, Mary Leigh- 
ton Stace, daughter of a British army officer 
who won distinction in the battle of Waterloo, 
commissary-general in command of the arsenal 
at Woolwich. She was a woman of great 
beauty, grace and sweetness of character. 
He married (second), October i,. 1846, Cor- 
nelia, an adopted daughter of Hon. Joseph 
Grinnell, of New Bedford, Massachusetts, a 
congressman from Massachusetts. She was 
born March 19, 1825, died in 1904. Child by 
first wife: Imogene, bom June 20, 1842. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Grinnell, mentioned be- 
low; Lillian, born April 27, 1850; Edith, born 
September 28, 1853; John Dailey, born May 

30, 1857- 

(IX) Grinnell. son of Nathaniel Parker 
Willis, was born at 19 Ludlow place. New 
York City, April 28, 1848. He attended the 
public schools of New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, and the Friends Academy of that city. 
He is a partner of the firm of Grinnell Willis 
& Company, merchants and agents of the 
Wamsutta Mills, 44 and 46 Leonard street. 
New York City. Mr. Willis has inherited the 
literary tastes of his father and has written 
some poetry, but his life has been devoted 
mainly to business. He married. October 24, 
1874, Mary Baker Haydock. born March 13, 



20 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1849, daughter of Robert and Hannah (Whar- 
ton ) Haydock. Children: Hannah Haydock, 
born in New York City. December 31, 1875; 
Cornelia Grinnell. born in Xew York City, Au- 
gust 31, 1877; Joseph Grinnell. born in Ger- 
mantown, Pennsylvania. July 24, 1879. 

This name is usually written 
HELMS Helme, but that branch of the 

family which located in Orange 
county, New York, early in the eighteenth 
century, seems to have changed the final let- 
ter and their descendants have adhered to the 
new form. The name is found very early in 
Rhode Island, and was identified with the set- 
tlement of eastern Long Island soon after the 
pioneers located there. Down to a very recent 
date it has been conspicuous in connection with 
the historj' of Orange county, Xew York. 

(I) Thomas Helme was in the town of 
Brookhaven. Long Island, before 1680. He 
was among the original proprietors of the town 
and was one of the second patentees. With 
Richard Woodhull he was appointed to lay 
out Little Xeck in 1687, was commissioner 
in 1690 and justice of the peace in 1691. On 
December 2~, 1686. he was appointed one of 
the seven trustees of the freeholders and com- 
monalty by Governor Dongan, of Xew York. 
He was president of the board of trustees in 
1694-95 and 1698: justice of the peace in 
1701-06, trustee in 1702 and a member of the 
commission to lay out highways in 1704. In 
1687 and 1691 he was town clerk of Brook- 
haven. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Helme, was bom about 1680, and resided in 
Brookhaven. 

(III) Phillips Helms, son of Thomas (2) 
Helme. born June 14, 1703, in Brookhaven, 
was probably named in honor of Rev. Mr. 
Phillips, long pastor of the church at Sea- 
tucket. He married Johanna, daughter of .An- 
drew Miller, a prominent citizen of Brook- 
haven, and they had sons : .\nson, William and 
Thomas. 

(IV) William, second son of Phillips and 
Johanna (Miller) Helms, was born September 
10, 1758, in Brookhaven, and settled in the 
present township of Monroe, Orange county, 
Xew York. Many others of the name are 
found in that vicinity about the same time. In 
1775 Vincent Helms was constable of the town 
of Monroe and Thomas Helms was his bonds- 
man. The neighborhood where the family was 
located, south of Mombasha Lake, was known 
as Helmsburg. William Helms was a private 
in the revolutionary army, and helped forge 
the Hudson river chain. He married Eleanor, 
daughter of Hugh Dobbins, from Ireland. 



(V) William (2), son of William (i) and 
Eleanor (Dobbins) Helms, was born about 
1780. in Monroe, where he resided engaged in 
farming. He was an active member of the 
Methodist church, a man of standing and in- 
fluence in the community. He married Eliza- 
beth Helms. 

( \T ) Uriah, son of William f2) and Eliza- 
beth (Helms) Helms, was born January i, 
1800, in Xew York City, and died in St. Louis, 
Missouri, in the fall of 1881. He was a mer- 
chant in Xew \oxV. City, dealing in fancy 
goods. He was a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and a Democrat in politics. He mar- 
ried Amy. eldest daughter of Amos and Rosetta 
(Lewis) Whitney, born January 5, 1805, in 
Yorktown ( see \Vhitney V ) . 

(\TI) Rosetta Lewis, only child of Uriah 
and Amy ( Whitney) Helms, was born in New 
York City, and was educated at Rutgers Fe- 
male College, from which, she graduated in 
1853. She is a graduate of the X''ew York 
University Woman's Law class of 1902. and 
member of the Alumni Association. She is 
a member of St. Mark's (Protestant Epis- 
copal ) Church, Brooklyn, Xew York, where 
she resides ; of the Rutgers Alumnae .Asso- 
ciation ; charter member of the Chiropeon 
Club, of Brooklyn ; member of Colony, No. 8, 
Society of New England Women, of Brook- 
lyn ; of the Sunshine Society, of Fort Green 
Chapter, Daughters of the .\merican Revolu- 
tion, and of the National Society of Patriotic 
Women. She married, March 22, 1866, Charles 
Winter, who was bom in Xew York City, 
May 9, 1832, son of Isaac Winter, who came 
from Prussia. Charles Winter was a marine 
engineer during the civil war, and was em- 
ployed in the quartermaster's department of 
the ship "Fulton." He was ten years a member 
of the Seventh Regiment. X. G. S. X. Y., and 
was a member of the Marine order. He died 
December 26, 1889. 

(The Whitney Line). 

The surname Whitney, originally written de 
Whitney, is said to have been derived from 
the name of the parish where the castle stood. 
.\luard, a Saxon, held the land before the con- 
quest, but at the time of "Domesday Survey," 
.A. D. 1086. it was waste, without an owner, 
save the king, as lord paramount. .A grandson, 
or great-grandson of Sir Turstin, one of the 
conqueror's knights, known as Turstin of 
Fleming, sometime between iioo and 1200, 
engaging in the border wars, built a stronghold 
and took up his abode at Whitney, on the 
banks of the Wye, and thus far after the cus- 
tom of the period acquired the surname of de 
Whitney. The first mention of a de Whitney 




i?,j>^uOtbn^ JImmJi ^h^>n^t^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



21 



in any extant record is that of Robert de Wyt- 
teneye, in the "Testa de Nevil," A. D. 1242. 

(I) Henry Whitney was born in England 
about 1620. No record has been found of 
the time of his arrival in this country, but the 
town records of the town of Southold, Long 
Island, show that on October 8, 1649, he with 
Edward Tredwell and Thomas Benedict 
bought three-fourths of William Salmon's 
land at Hashamommock, now Southold, Long 
Island. The town records of Huntington, 
Long Island, show that he was an inhabitant 
of that place August 17, 1658, when he bought 
of Wyandance, sachem of Pemmanake, "three 
whole necks of land for the use of the whole 
town of Huntington." He built a gristmill 
there for Rev. William Leverich, and the dis- 
pute that followed over payment finally led 
to the dismissal of the minister from his par- 
ish. Once he was in court for grinding corn 
in the absence of the owner of the mill which 
he formerly owned, but he proved that the 
grinding was necessary and that no harm had 
been done the property, and he was acquitted. 
He removed to Jamaica, Long Island, where 
he bought a tract of land of Richard Harker. 
His name appears several times on the town 
records there as a member of important com- 
mittees. He made a contract July 24, 1665, 
with the town of Norwalk, Connecticut, to 
build a "corne" mill there and received a 
grant of land from the town for that purpose, 
and also grants of a home lot and of several 
other pieces of land. He probably died at 
Norwalk in 1673. His will was dated June 5, 
1672. He was admitted a freeman October 
II, 1669. His will shows an only^on John, 
mentioned below. ' 

(II) John, son of Henry Whitney, was 
born before his father went to Southold, died 
in 1720. He had a grant of land January 20. 
1665, at Norwalk, where he settled with his 
father. He was also a miller and millwright, 
and succeeded his father as owner of the Nor- 
walk mill and homestead. He built a fulling 
mill and in the deed of his mills and land to 
his son, July 8, 1712, attempted to entail the 
estate. John Jr. reconveyed the land to his 
father and his father deeded it to his second 
son Joseph, May 20, 1713, on condition that 
he support his parents the remainder of their 
days. His administrator was appointed Oc- 
tober II, 1720. He married, March 17, 1674- 
75, Elizabeth Smith. Children : Not in 
order of birth: i. John, born March 12, 
1676-77; married March 4, 1709-10, Eliza- 
beth Finch : lived in Norwalk, where he died 
February 3, 1712-13. 2. Joseph, March i, 
1678-79: millwright: married July 6, 1704, 
Hannah Hoyt. 3. Henry. February 21, 1680- 



81 ; a weaver by trade : married June 14, 1710, 
Elizabeth Olmstead ; died at Ridgefield, Con- 
necticut, April 26, 1728. 4. Elizabeth, 1684; 
married Joseph Keeler, a prominent citizen 
of Ridgefield, Connecticut, where both died. 5. 
Richard, April 18, 1687; a miller; married, 
April 7, 1709, at Fairfield. Hannah Darling, 
who died October 20, 1774: lived at Fairfield. 
6. Samuel. 1688; married. January 18. 1721- 
22. Anna Laboree : resided at Stratford, Con- 
necticut; he died there. December 6, 1753. 7. 
Anne. 1691 ; married. October 13. 1709, Mat- 
thew St. John, one of the original settlers of 
Ridgefield, Connecticut : settled in Sharon, 
Connecticut, in 1745; she died May 9. 1773. 
8. Eleanor, January 27, 1693; married, June 
13- ^7^7> Jonathan Fairchild : she died Janu- 
ary 25, 1777. 9. Nathan, mentioned below. 
10. Sarah, married, June 13, 1717. Samuel 
Smith, one of the proprietors and first settlers 
of Ridgefield. Connecticut. 11. Josiah, mar- 
ried, October 30, 1729. Eunice Hanford: no 
record of their births or deaths has been 
found. 

(III) Nathan, son of John Whitney, was 
born at Norwalk, Connecticut, about 1690. He 
was admitted a freeman December 9, 1728. 
Real estate was deeded to him February 5, 
1718-19, by Joseph Keeler, Henry Whitney 
and Matthew St. John, brothers and brothers- 
in-law. He was a farmer at Ridgefield, Con- 
necticut. His wife bore the name of Sarah. 
The dates of their deaths are not known. Chil- 
dren: I. Mary, born December 29, 1715: mar- 
ried Isaac Keeler. 2. Eliasaph, February 3, 
1716-17; bought house at Stamford, May 13, 
1742; was a tanner and shoemaker: deacon of 
the church at what is now Darien : wife and he 
lived together seventy years; he died May 17, 
1817, age one hundred years three months 
three days. 3. Eliakim, November 13, 1718; 
tanner, currier and shoemaker ; married 
(first). May 10, 1744. at Stamford, Mary 
Beachgood ; (second) Mar\' Gorham, Janu- 
ary 15, 1775; he died in Malta. New York, 
about 1811. 4. Sarah. October 25. 1720. 5. 
Nathan. .August 13, 1722. died young. 6. 
Nathan, June 11, 1724; removed to Cortlandt, 
New York. 7. Seth, mentioned below. 8. Jo- 
siah. June 12, 1729. 9. Jeremiah, September 
18, 1731 : died 1810: settled at Cortlandt Ma- 
nor, now Yorktown, New York, in 1747; mar- 
ried Eva Youngs. 10. Uriah, November 12. 
1737. II. Ann, .August 31, 1739: died young. 

(IV) Seth, fifth son of Nathan and Sarah 
Whitney, was born Februar\- 8. 1726. in 
Ridgefield. and died before May 30. 1807. in 
what is now Yorktown. New York. He was 
a tanner, currier and shoemaker, and in 1758 
was residing on Cortlandt's patent in the 



22 



NEW ENGLAND. 



neighborhood now known as Crompond, in 
the town of Yorktown, where he purchased a 
fine farm which is still in possession of his 
descendants, and built a house which stood 
for more than a century. His house was at- 
tacked by Tories during the revolution and 
bis arms taken away. Subsequent to this an- 
other party approached his house and one of 
its members. Joseph Hueson, attempted to 
enter by a rear window, believing that Mr. 
Whitney was entirely without means of de- 
fense. The latter had, however, mounted an 
old bayonet upon a strong staff, and with this 
he stabbed Huescn, who fell within the win- 
dow. The other members of the party then 
seized Whitney and took him into his yard, 
where he was struck on the head with a pis- 
tol and left for dead : the scar caused by this 
blow remained with him until death. The 
diary of Rev. Silas Constant shows that he 
sometimes held religious services in Seth 
Whitney's house. The last-named married 
(first) Sarah Aloe, probably from Greenwich, 
and (second), March 21, 1787, Elizabeth 
Wright: his third wife, Anna (Smith) was 

the widow of Jump and Captain 

Trowbridge, of Bedford. She died, June 29, 
1819. Children of Seth Whitney: Sarah, born 
April 3, 1750, married Joseph Fowler; Mary, 
■ married, 1790, Samuel Beadle; Ezra, a bach- 
elor, resided with his brother Seth in York- 
town ; Abijah, lived in Yorktown, as did also 
Seth. born May 13, 1765 ; Amos, mentioned 
below. 

(V) Amos, youngest son of Seth and Sarah 
(Moe) Whitney, was bom December 15, 1767, 
in Yorktown, where he was a farmer, residing 
on the western part of his father's homestead, 
and died February 2, 1844. He was buried 
in Crompond East graveyard, near the site 
of the old Congregational church, where he 
was admitted a member July 26. 1788. He 
married, January 21, 1800, Rosetta Lewis, 
born .April 3, 1779, daughter of David Lewis, 
of Waterbury, Connecticut (see Lewis V). 
She was admitted to the Crompond church 
March 2-j. 1802, and died September 3, 1868. 
Children: Lewis, born October 18, 1801, died 
in Harlem, New York ; Amy, mentioned be- 
low : Seth, December 25, 1808, was a farmer 
in Yorktown; Silas Constant, .August 13, 
1810, was a farmer in Yorktown; David, Oc- 
tober 26, 18 1 3, was a farmer at New Castle 
Corner; Sarah Jane, December 24, 1819, be- 
came the wife of William Edward Blakeney, 
and resided in Caldwell, New Jersev. 

(VI) .Amy, eldest daughter of .Amos and 
Rosetta (Lewis) Whitney, was born January 
5, 1805, in Yorktown. and became the wife of 
Uriah Helms, of New York City. He was a 



grandson of William Helms, a native of New 
York state, who served as a private soldier in 
the revolutionary army and assisted in forg- 
ing the chain which the colonists stretched 
across the Hudson river in the hope of pre- 
venting the ascent of British forces. He mar- 
ried Eleanor, daughter of Hugh Dobbins, a 
native of Ireland. Their son, William Helms, 
was born near Monroe, in Orange county, 
New York, and was a farmer and member of 
the Methodist church. He married Elizabeth 
Helms, and they were the parents of Uriah 
Helms, born January i, 1806, in New York 
City, where he was a fancy goods merchant, 
and died in 1881. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church, and in politics a Demo- 
crat. He removed in 1859 to St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, where he remained until after 1874. 
He married, in January, 1831, at Crompond, 
Amy Whitney, as above noted. She died Oc- 
tober 9, 1849, and was buried in Crompond 
East Graveyard. Their only child. Rosetta 
Lewis Helms, married Charles Winter (q. v). 

(The Lewis Line). 

This is one of the oldest names in English 
history and one of the most numerous and dis- 
tinguished in American history. It is claimed 
by many genealogists that the name was orig- 
inally spelled Louis, and was known in France 
as early as the eighth century, when that coun- 
try was a part of the Roman Empire. Genealo- 
gists also attempt to establish the fact that all 
of the Lewis name in America descended from 
one common stock of Huguenot refugees who 
fled from France on the revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes in 1685 ; but the records show 
that in many countries of England there were 
many of the name to be found centuries be- 
fore that event, and indeed there were many 
of them in Virginia previous to 1685. The 
name of Louis in continental Europe and 
Lewis in England is too old and too numerous 
to be traced to a common origin. The name, 
doubtless, had a common origin, but it would 
be worse than useless to attempt to trace it. 
Indeed, the name Lewis is too numerous in 
America, too widely dispersed, and traceable 
to too many different sources, to admit of any 
"common origin" theory even here. It is as- 
serted that General Robert Lewis was the first 
of the name in America known to history or 
genealogy. He was a native of Brecon, 
Wales, and came here in 1635, with his wife 
Elizabeth, sailing from Gravesend. England, 
in .April of that jear. and settling in Gloucester 
county, Virginia. These facts are all denied, 
and even his e.xistence is doubted. But the 
proofs are substantial, and he may be accepted 
as a fact. 




Le:*'is Hisioricz'^ h*h.C 



NEW ENGLAND. 



23 



The records of Massachusetts Bay colony 
name Humphrey Lewis in May, 1629. There 
were several others among the earliest in New 
England, including John Lewis, who was in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, as early as 1634, 
Edmond Lewis among the early settlers of 
Watertown and Lynn, Benjamin Lewis, who 
was at New Haven, Connecticut, before 1669, 
and John Lewis at Westerly before 1690. 
William Lewis and his wife and only son Will- 
iam came to Boston in 1632 in the ship ''Lion." 
The family is exceedingly numerous in New 
York, there being several Lewis Associations, 
and had a periodical published called "The 
Lewis Letter." In the Mohawk Valley, David 
Lewis kept an inn near Schenectady in 1713. 
Lewis county. New York, is named in honor 
of Major-General Morgan Lewis, of French 
ancestry, son of Francis Lewis, a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. He was a 
famous general in the revolutionary and 1812 
wars with Great Britain, and governor of 
New York, 1804-07, defeating Aaron Burr. 

(I) John Lewis crossed the .A.tlantic in the 
ship "Hercules" in 1635 with his wife Sarah. 
He came from Tenterden, county Kent, Eng- 
land, bearing a certificate of character from 
the mayor and vicar of Tenterden. He is 
supposed to have been a brother of George 
Lewis, who was in Plymouth as early as 1634, 
and later resided in Scituate, Massachusetts. 
John Lewis resided for a time in Scituate, 
whence he removed to Boston, and there his 
wife died July 12, 1757. Their sons John and 
Joseph settled in Windsor, Connecticut, where 
the former purchased in 1678 an island at Po- 
quonnock Falls. 

dl) Joseph, son of John and Sarah Lewis, 
resided in that part of Windsor which is now 
Simsbury, and married, in Windsor, April 
30, 1674, Elizabeth Case. Children recorded 
at Simsbury : Elizabeth, born March 20, 1675 ; 
Joseph, mentioned below ; John, January 8, 
1781. There were undoubtedly others whose 
names were not placed on the records. 

(Ill) Joseph (2), eldest son of Joseph (i) 
and Elizabeth (Case) Lewis, was born March 
15, 1676, in Simsbury, and settled in Water- 
bury, Connecticut, where he was a cloth- 
weaver, and acquired what was considered 
wealth in his time, dying November 29, 1749, 
at Waterbury. He married, April 7, 1703, 
Sarah, daughter of Abraham and Rebecca 
(Carrington) Andros, born March 16, 1684. 
After his death she married, in 1750, Isaac 
Brunson, and died March 6, 1773. Joseph 
Lewis' first child, a daughter, died aged twen- 
ty-six days. Others recorded in Waterbury: 
Joseph, born March 12, 1705: Sarah, .April 29, 
1708 ; John, mentioned below : Mary, June 10, 



1714: Rev. Timothy, Augi:.Tt 6, 1716, died at 
Mendliam, New Jersey; Samuel, July 6, 1718; 
Abram, February i, 1720. 

(IV) John (2), second son of Joseph (2) 
and Sarah (.\ndros) Lewis, was born April 
12, 1711, in Waterbury, and died there Feb- 
ruary 24, 1799. He married (first), Decem- 
ber 4, 1734, in Waterbury. Mary, daughter of 
Samuel ^Iunn, of Woodbury, Connecticut, 
baptized in December, 171 1, died September 
30, 1749; (second). May 29, 1750, .Amy, 
daughter of Captain Samuel Smith, of New 
Haven (see Smith III). Oiildren of first 
wife: David, died aged eighteen, in 1754; 
John, bom December 10, 1740; Sarah, April 
9, 1743. Children of second wife: .Ann, born 
May 24, 1751; Samuel Smith, September 17, 
1753; David, mentioned below. 

(V) David, youngest child of John (2) and 
.Anna (Smith) Lewis, was born .April 11, 1756, 
in Waterbury, where he resided. No record 
of his wife appears in that town, but the fol- 
lowing children are shown: Sylvester, Martha, 
Rosetta, David, Chester, Isaac. Betsy, Sylvia, 
Joseph, John, Hannah, Warren. 

(VI) Rosetta, second daughter of David 
Lewis, was bom .April 3, 1779, in Waterbury, 
and was married January i, 1800. to .Amos 
Whitney, of Yorktown, Westchester county. 
New York (see Whitney V). 

(The Smith Line). 

(I) Thomas Smith, immigrant ancestor, 
came from England in the ship "Hector," 
which came to New Haven, Connecticut, leav- 
ing London, England, in 1637, and wintered 
at Boston, Massachusetts. He was one of the 
youngest persons on the ship. He was bom 
in 1634, died at East Haven, Connecticut, No- 
vember 16, 1724. It is thought by some that 
his father, who accompanied him. was Charles 
Smith. He married, in 1662, Elizabeth, born 
1642. died 1727, only daughter of Edward 
Patterson. Thomas Smith proceeded to the 
rights of his father-in-law among the proprie- 
tors of New Haven. Children : John, born 
March, 1664; Anna, April i, 1665; infant, 
1667; John, June 14, 1669; Thomas, died 
young: Thomas, January 31. 1673; Elizabeth, 
June II, 1676; Joanna, December 17, 1678; 
Samuel, mentioned below: .Abigail. .August 17, 
1683: Lydia, March 24. 1686: Joseph, 1688; 
Benjamin. November 16, 1690. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Smith, was 
born at New Haven, June 24, 1681. He mar- 
ried. 1708, .Anna Morris, born 1686, died Oc- 
tober 19, 1743. daughter of Eleazer Morris, 
granddaughter of Thomas Morris, who signed 
the Plantation Covenant in New Haven in 
1639. Children: Patterson, born October 17, 



24 



NEW ENGLAND. 



i/og; Abel, mentioned below. James, June 14. 
1713; Benjamin, September 20, 1716; Anna. 
May 17, 1719; Sarah. April 6, 1725; Daniel. 
August 6, 1727: Thankful. August 27, 1729; 
Samuel, June 11, 1732. 

(Ill) Anna, eldest daughter of Captain 
Samuel and Anna (Morris) Smith, became 
the wife of Captain John Lewis (see Lewis 
IV). 

The lineage of a very large 
PUTNAM part of the Putnams of New 

England is traced to John Put- 
nam, the immigrant, the ancestor of several 
prominent citizens of the early days of Massa- 
chusetts. The name comes from Puttenham, 
a place in England, and this, perhaps, from the 
Flemish word putte. "a well." plural putten, 
and ham. signifying a "home", and the whole 
indicating a settlement by a well. The name 
has also been connected with the family name 
of Put, which is still in existence in certain 
villages in Friesland. and which may very 
possibly have been borne by some of the Fries- 
land followers of Hengist and Horsa. Some 
four or five years after the settlement of Sa- 
lem, Massachusetts, it became necessary to 
extend the area of the town in order to accom- 
modate a large number of immigrants who 
were desirous of locating within its jurisdic- 
tion, and as a consequence farming com- 
munities were established at various points, 
some of them being considerable distance 
from the center of population. Several fam- 
ilies newly arrived from England founded a 
settlement which they called Salem Village, 
and the place was known as such for more 
than a hundred years. It is now called Dan- 
vers. Among the original settlers of Salem 
\'illage was John Putnam. He was the Amer- 
ican progenitor of the Putnams in New Eng- 
land, and among his descendants were the dis- 
tinguished revolutionary generals. Israel and 
Rufus Putnam. Much valuable information 
lelative to the early history of the family is to 
be found in the "Essex Institute Collection." 
In common with most of the inhabitants, they 
suffered from the witchcraft delusion, but 
were not seriously affected. 

(I) The first ancestor of whom definite 
knowledge is obtainable is Roger, a tenant of 
Puttenham in 1086. 

(II) The second generation is represented 
by Galo, of the same locality. 

(III) Richard, born 1154, died 1189, pre- 
sented the living of the church of Puttenham 
to the prior and canons of Ashby. 

(IV) Simon de Puttenham was a knight of 
Herts in 1199. 

(\') Ralph de Puttenham, a journeyman in 



1 199, held a knight's fee in Puttenham of the 
honor of Leicester in 1210-12. 

(VI) William de Puttenham is the next in 
line. 

(\'II) John de Puttenham was lord of the 
manor of Puttenham in 1291 and was a son 
of William. His wife. "Lady of Puttenham," 
held half a knight's fee in Puttenham of the 
honor of Wallingford in 1303." 

(VIII) Sir Roger de Puttenham, son of 
John de Puttenham and Lady of Puttenham, 
was born prior to 1272. and with his wife 
Alina had a grant of lands in Penne in 131.'. 
He was sheriff of Herts in 1322, in which year 
he supported Edward II. against the Morti- 
mers. His wife, perhaps identical with Helen. 
is called a daughter of John Spigomel, and 
was married (second) to Thomas de la Hay. 
king's commissioner, knight of the sheer, in 
1337. who held Puttenham with reversion to 
the heirs of Roger Puttenham, and land in 
Penne in right of his wife. 

( IX) Sir Roger de Puttenham was pardon- 
ed by the king in 1338, probably on account of 
some political offense. The next year he was 
a follower of Sir John de Molyns, and was 
knight of the shire from 1355 to 1374. He 
had a grant of remainder after the death of 
Christian Bordolfe of the manor of Long 
Marston. in 1370-71. He had a second wife, 
Marjorie, in 1370. 

(X) Robert, son of Sir Roger de Putten- 
ham, in 1346, held part of a knight's fee in 
Marston. which the Lady of Puttenham held. 
He was living in 1356. 

(XI) William, son of Robert de Putten- 
ham. of Puttenham and Penne. was commis- 
sioner of the peace for Herts in 1377, and was 
called "of Berk Hampstead." He was ser- 
geant-at-arms in 1376. He married Margaret, 
daughter of John de Warbleton. who died in 
^575' when his estates of Warbleton, Sher- 
field, etc., passed to the Putnams. They had 
children : Henry, Robert and William. 

(XII) Henry Puttenham, son of William 
and Margaret (Warbleton) de Puttenham, 
was near sixty years of age in 1468, and died 
July 6. 1473. He married Elizabeth, widow 
of Jeffrey Goodluck. who died in i486, and 
was probably his second wife. 

(XIII) \Villiam. eldest son of Henry Put- 
tenham, was in possession of Puttenham, 
Penne, Sherfield and other estates. He was 
buried in London and his will was proved July 
23. 1492. He married Anne, daughter of John 
Hampden, of Hampden, who was living in 
i486. They had sons: Sir George, Thomas 
and Nicholas. 

( XIV) Nicholas Putnam, third son of Will- 
iam and Anne (Hampden) Puttenham, of 



NEW ENGLAND. 



25 



Penne in 1534, bore the same arms as his 
elder brother, Sir George. He had sons : John 
and Henry. 

(XV) Henry, youngest son of Nicholas 
Putnam, was named in the will of his brother 
John, in 1526. 

(XVI) Richard, son of Henry Putnam, was 
of Eddelsboro in 1524, and owned land in 
Slapton. His will was proved February 26, 
1557, and he left a widow Joan. He had sons : 
Harry and John. 

(XVH) John, second son of Richard and 
Joan Putnam, was of W'ingrave and Slapton ; 
was buried October 2, 1573, and his will was 
proved November 14 following. His wife 
Margaret was buried January 21 . 1568. They 
had sons : Nicholas, Richard, Thomas and 
John. 

(XVni) Nicholas, eldest son of John and 
Margaret Putnam, was of W'ingrave and 
Stukeley; died before September 27, 1598, on 
which date his will was proved. His wife 
Margaret was a daughter of John Goodspeed. 
She married (second) in 1614, William Hux- 
ley, and died January 8, i6ig. Children of 
Nicholas and Margaret Putnam : John, Anne, 
Elizabeth, Thomas and Richard. 

(I) John, eldest son of Nicholas and Mar- 
garet (Goodspeed) Putnam, was of the nine- 
teenth generation in the English line, and first 
of the American line. .e was born about 
1580, and died suddenly ■ Salem Village, now 
Danvers, Massachusetts December 30, 1662, 
aged about eighty-two y.'ars. It is known that 
he was a resident of /^ston Abbotts, England, 
as late as 1627, as the date of the baptism of 
fhe youii^r'^,^ son show:-, but just when he came 
to New England is not known. Family tradi- 
tion is responsible for the d?'^e 1634, and the 
tradition is known to have been ir. the family 
over one hundred and fifty years, lii I '^41, 
new style, John Putnam was granted land i-i! 
Salem. He was a farmer and exceedingly 
well oflf for those times. He wrote a fair hand 
as deeds on file show. In these deeds he styled 
himself "Yeoman"; once in 1655, "husband- 
man." His land amounted to two hundred and 
fifty acres, and was situated between Daven- 
port's hill and Potter's hill. John Putnam was 
admitted to the church in 1647, six years later 
than his wife, and was also a freeman the 
same year. The town of Salem in 1644 voted 
that a patrol of two men be appointed each 
Lord's day to walk forth during worship and 
take notice of such who did not attend service 
and who were idle, etc., and to present such 
cases to the magistrate ; all of those appointed 
were men of standing in the community. For 
the ninth day John Putnam and John Hathorne 
were appointed. The following account of 



the death of John Putnam was written in 1733 
by his grandson Edward: "He ate his supper, 
went to prayer with his family and died before 
he went to sleep." He married in England, 
Priscilla (perhaps Gould), who was admitted 
to the church in Salem in 1641. Their children 
baptized at Aston Abbotts, were: Elizabeth; 
Thomas, grandfather of General Israel Put- 
nam, of the revolutionary war; John; Nathan- 
iel, mentioned below ; Sara ; Phcebe ; John. 

(II) Nathaniel, third son of John and Pris- 
cilla Putnam, was baptized at Aston .\bbotts, 
October 11, 1619, and died at Salem Village, 
July 23, 1700. He was a man of considerable 
landed property ; his wife brought him seventy- 
five acres additional, and on this tract he built 
his house and established himself. Part of his 
property has remained uninterruptedly in the 
family. It is now better known as the "old 
Judge Putnam place." He was constable in 
1656, and afterwards deputy to the general 
court, 1690-91, selectman, and always at the 
front on all local questions, whether pertaining 
to politics, religious affairs, or other town mat- 
ters. "He had great business activity and 
ability and was a person of extraordinary 
powers of mind, of great energy and skill in 
the management of affairs, and of singular 
sagacity, acumen and quickness of perception. 
He left a large estate." Nathaniel Putnam 
was one of the principals in the great law suit 
concerning the ownership of the Bishop farm. 
His action in this matter was merely to pre- 
vent the attempt of Zerubabel Endicott to push 
the bounds of the' Bishop grant over his land. 
The case was a ong and complicated atfair, 
and was at last settled to the satisfaction of 
.\llen and Putnam in 1683. December 10, 
1688, Lieutenant Natnar.iel P"*nam was one 
of the four messengers sent to Rev. Samuel 
Parris to obtain his reply to the call of the 
pr-l^n. Parris was afterwards installed as 
the minister of the parish, and four years 
later completely deceived Mr. Putnam in re- 
gard to the witchcraft delusion. That he hon- 
estly believed in witchcraft and in the state- 
ments of the afflicted girls there seems to be 
no doubt ; that he was not inclined to be severe 
is evident, and his goodness of character shows 
forth in marked contrast with the almost bitter 
feeling shown by many of those concerned. 
That he should have believed in the delusion is 
not strange, for belief in witchcraft was then 
all but universal. The physicians and ministers 
called upon to examine the girls, who pretend- 
ed to be bewitched, agreed that such was the 
case. There can be no doubt that the express- 
ed opinion of a man like Nathaniel Putnam 
must have influenced scores of his neighbors. 
His eldest brother had been aead seven years, 



26 



NEW ENGLAND. 



and he had succeeded to the position as head 
of the great Putnam family with its connec- 
tions. He was known as "Landlord Putnam," 
a term given for many years to the oldest liv- 
ing member of the family. He saw the family 
of his brother, Thomas Putnam, afflicted, and 
being an upright and honest man himself, be- 
lieved in the disordered imaginings of his 
grandniece, Ann. These are powerful reasons 
to account for his belief and actions. The fol- 
lowing extract from L'pham brings out the 
better side of his character: "Entire confidence 
was felt by all in his judgment and deservedly. 
But he was a strong religionist, a lifelong 
member of the church, and extremely stren- 
uous and zealous in his ecclesiastical relations. 
He was getting to be an old man, and Mr. 
Parris had succeeded in obtaining, for the 
time, possession of his feelings, sympathy and 
zeal in the management of the church and se- 
cured his full cooperation in the witchcraft 
prosecutions. He had been led by Parris to 
take the very front in the proceedings. But 
even Nathaniel Putnam could not stand by in 
silence and see Rebecca Nurse sacrificed." .A. 
curious paper written by him is among those 
which have been preserved: "Nathaniel Put- 
nam, senior, being desired by Francis Nurse, 
Sr., to give information of what I could say 
concerning his wife's life and conversation. 
I, the above said, have known this said afore- 
said woman forty years and what I have ob- 
served of her, human fra Ities excepted, her 
life and conversation havt been to her pro- 
fession, and she hath brought up a great fam- 
ily of children and educateo them well so that 
there is in some of them apparent savor of 
godliness. I have known her dilTer with her 
neighbors, but I never knew or heard of any 
that did accuse her of what she is now charged 
with." In 1694 Nathaniel and John Putnam 
testified to having lived in the village since 
1641. He married, in Salem, Elizabeth, dau^'.'" 
terof Richard and .\lice (Bosworth) Hutchin- 
son, of Salem Village. She was born .August 
20, and baptized at Arnold, England, .August 
30, 1629, and died June 24, 1688. In 1648 both 
Nathaniel and his wife Elizabeth were admit- 
ted to the church in Salem. Their children, all 
born in Salem, were : Samuel, Nathaniel, John, 
Joseph, Elizabeth, Benjamin and Mary. 

(Ill) Captain Benjamin Putnam, youngest 
son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Hutchinson) 
Putnam, was born December 24, 1664, at 
Salem Milage, and died at the same place 
about 1715. He was a prominent man in 
Salem and held many town offices, being 
tithingman of the village in 1695-96: constable 
and collector in 1700: selectman in 1707-13, 
and was often on the grand and petit juries 



He was chosen to perambulate the bounds be- 
tween the towns of Salem and Topsfield, which 
was his last appearance on the records, in 1712. 
He held the position of lieutenant and captain ; 
served in the Indian war and received the titles- 
in 1706-1711. It appears that he was impris- 
oned at one time, but for what cause does not 
appear. .Among the signatures to the cer- 
tificate of character of Rebecca Nurse, appear 
the names of Benjamin and his wife Sarah. 
Rev. Joseph Green, in his diary, mentions 
calling on "Landlord Putnam," and that he 
was very sick and out of his head. December 
30, 1709, he was chosen deacon of the church 
of the village. His will dated October 28, 
1706, was proved .April 25, 1715. He gives 
to his son (Minister at Reading) "one hun- 
dred and fifty pounds for his learning." "Over- 
seers. Uncle John Putnam and Captain Jona- 
than Putnam." .All his children but Josfah 
are mentioned. He was married August 25,. 
1686, to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Put- 
nam (according to Colonel Perley Putnam), 
but on the Salem records the births are re- 
corded as by wife Hannah. His first wife died 
December 21, 1705, and he married (second) 
July I, 1706, Sarah Holton. His children were: 
Josiah : Nathaniel : Tarrant : Elizabeth ; Ben- 
jamin: Stephen; Daniel, mentioned below - 
Israel : Cornelius. 

(IV) Rev. Danie' Putnam, sixth son of Ben- 
jamin and Hannah, or Elizabeth) (Putnam) 
Putnam, was bom No, ember 12, 1696, in Salem, 
Village, and died Jure 20, 1759, at Reading, 
Massachusetts. His father left him in his will 
"one hundred and fift\ pounds, for his learn- 
ing." In 1718 the No. -h Precinct of J?esJin;^ 
voted to give him twenty acrrs ot land if he 
would be their minister, also "to build Mr. 
Putnam an hcase 28 feet long, 19 feet wide 
and 15 feet stud, a lenter on the back side lO' 
feol stud, three chimneys from the ground, 
and chamber chimney, and convenient parlor 
and convenient well, in lieu of the 100 pounds, 
if Mr. Putnam finds nails and glass for the 
house." He was not ordained until 1720, at 
which time the church had thirty-nine mem- 
bers. He was their minister thirty-nine years, 
and added one hundred and ninety-four per- 
sons to the church, baptized four hundred and 
ninety-one, and married one hundred and 
eleven couples. He married, February 25, 
1718, Rebecca Putnam, born August 16, 1691. 
Their children were: Rebecca; Daniel, men- 
tion below ; .Aaron, died young ; Sarah ; Han- 
nah ; Elizabeth : Mary ; Joshua ; Aaron ; Bethia ; 
Susanna. 

(V) Deacon Daniel (2) Putnam, eldest son 
of Rev. Daniel (i) and Rebecca (Putnam) 
Putnam, was born November 8, 1721, in Read- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



27 



ihg, died November 5, 1774. in the same town. 
He was elected deacon of the church in North 
Reading in 1754; was selectman of Reading in 
1763-68-71, and in 1773 represented his town 
in. the general court. June 4, 1774, Hannah 
Putnam, spinster, was appointed adminis- 
tratrix on his estate. He married Hannah, 
daughter of Henry and Hannah (Alartin) In- 
galls, of North Andover, Massachusetts, who 
was born September 12, 1723, and died May 
II, 1761, in Reading. Their children were: 
Henry, mentioned below ; Daniel ; Joshua ; Re- 
becca ; Aaron ; Sarah. 

(VI) Henry, eldest son of Deacon Daniel 
(2) and Hannah (Ingalls) Putnam, was born 
May 7, 1755, at North Reading, and died No- 
vember 27, 1806, at the same place. He was 
a man of influence in the community, and was 
chosen deacon of the church in 1778. He re- 
sponded to the Alarm of April 19, 1775, and 
served nine days in Captain John Flint's com- 
pany. He married (first) November 9, 1775, 
Mary Havvkes, of Lynnfield, Massachusetts, 
who died January 21. 1794; (second) Lucy, 
daughter of Peter and Ann (Adams) Tufts, 
of Charlestown, who married (second) in 
June, 1811, Jacob Osgood. She cared for 
James Otis, the patriot, for many years, and 
he was killed by lightning in her house. 

(VH) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) and 
Mary (Hawkes) Putnam, was born June 28, 
1778, died in January, 1827, in Brunswick, 
Maine. He was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1802; served in many town offices in 
Brunswick, and in 1808 was named as chair- 
man of a committee to petition the president 
to withdraw the Embargo Act. He was repre- 
sentative from Brunswick, in 1813. He mar- 
ried, September 13, 1807, Catherine Hunt, 
daughter of Joseph Pease Palmer, of Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, w^o was born in 1783 and died 
December 12, 1889. She taught school in 
Brunswick from 1807 to 1825, when she re- 
moved to New York. Children : Henry, born 
1808, died 1815; Catherine, 1810, died 1827; 
George Palmer, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, 
1816, died 1875; Anne. 1819, died 1869. 

(VHI) George Palmer, son of Henry (2) 
and Catherine Hunt (Palmer) Putnam, was 
born February 7, 1814, in Brunswick. Maine, 
and died December 20, 1872, in New York. 
He received his early training with his sisters 
in his mother's school, a well-known and popu- 
lar institution of Brunswick. He enjoyed the 
sports of the times and region, skating on the 
Androscoggin river in winter and boating up 
and down the same in summer. When he was 
eleven years of age he was oflfered an appren- 
ticeship in Boston to the mercantile business 
by the husband of his mother's sister, John 



Gulliver. The latter's son, John Putnam Gul- 
liver, was of the same age as young Putnam, 
and they became companions in the business 
training and work of the store. This estab- 
lishment was devoted chiefly to carpets and 
its owner was a man of strict puritanical views. 
The boys slept together in the rear of the store 
and were chiefly occupied in keeping the place 
in order. There were few holidays and the 
business day was a long one. The Sabbath 
was observed with full New England strict- 
ness, including morning and evening prayers 
at home, Sunday school and two long church 
services. No reading was permitted on the 
Sabbath except works of a devotional char- 
acter, and there were very few books then 
available to the young men. Young Putnam 
had a strong taste for reading and in later 
years he often referred to the "literary starva- 
tion" which he suffered in Boston, and also 
referred to the compunctions of conscience he 
e.xperienced when surreptitiously reading a 
volume of Miss Edgeworth's tales. This be- 
longed to the forbidden class of fiction and its 
reading was looked upon as a frivolity. 

He remained with his uncle in Boston about 
four years, and decided in 1829 to try his 
chances of securing a livelihood in New York. 
Here he very soon became engaged in literary 
work, and during the first years after his 
arrival, when he was fifteen years old, he be- 
gan a historical manual which was completed 
in three years' time. In 1833 he completed and 
published through West & Trow a weekly 
chronicle entitled the Publishers' Advertiser. 
He undertook to review the current publica- 
tions which in that year included the first 
volume of Bancroft's "United States," Ab- 
bott's "Young Christian," Mrs. Sigourney's 
"Sketches," and Cooper's "Letters to My 
Countrymen." His first introduction to the 
book trade was made very shortly after his 
arrival. He speaks of his first studies as con- 
ning paragraphs in the papers beginning "Boy 
Wanted." His second application was made 
at a little book and stationery store on Broad- 
way, near Maiden Lane, where he engaged 
himself to do errands, sweep, etc.. for which 
he was to receive a wage of twenty-five dol- 
lars per year and board in the family of his 
employer, George W. Bleecker, who lived over 
his store. For a short time he was engaged 
as a canvasser in the interest of a (|uarto- 
monthly published by Mr. Bleecker. which took 
him on a cruise up the Hudson river. He was 
subsequently employed as first clerk in the 
Park Place House, an emporium of literature 
and art. and still later was general clerk and 
messenger for Jonathan Leavitt, in a twostory 
building at the corner of John street and 



28 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Broadway. Mr. Leavitt being the leading pub- 
lisher of theological and religious books. 

About this time Daniel Appleton, founder of 
the great house of D. Appleton & Company, 
became connected with Mr. Leavitt. In that 
era an edition of one thousand copies of a new 
book was the average, and those of five hun- 
dred copies were as usual as any exceeding two 
thousand. After Mr. Appleton had establish- 
ed his own business, he and Mr. Leavitt pub- 
lished jointly an edition of one thousand copies, 
including some four hundred pages, prepared 
hy young Putnam, entitled "Chronology, an 
Introduction and Index to L'niversal History." 
It had been prepared originally for his own 
benefit as a reference. It was his custom in 
these times to repair to the Mercantile Library, 
then recently opened, after the closing of the 
store where he was employed, which was 
usually after nine o'clock. He read almost 
exclusively works of history. In the shop of 
Mr. Leavitt he was advanced to two dollars 
per week, and after a few months to foUr dol- 
lars. With this large income he felt able to 
rent a seat in the church. In 1833 he entered 
the employ of Wiley & Long, publishers and 
booksellers. In 1840 he became a partner, 
and the firm was styled Wiley & Putnam, Mr. 
Wiley being about one year the senior of Mr. 
Putnam, .At that time the .^ppletons and I. & 
J. Harper were the leading publishers in New 
York, and the principal retail booksellers were 
Stanford & Swords. .\ very large portion of 
the books then sold in New York were import- 
ed from England. In the firm of Wiley & 
Putnam the publishing division was in charge 
of the junior partner, while the senior gave 
his attention chiefly to the selling. Mr. Put- 
nam held to the view that irrespective of 
nationality or political boundaries contempor- 
ary authors should receive the returns secured 
from the publication of their works, and he 
became intimately associated with Bryant. 
Matthews, Halleck, Cooper & Fay. In 1840 
he made his first business journey to England 
in the effort to establish a closer relation be- 
tween the book trades of the two countries. 
In 1 84 1 he made a second journey to London 
and established a branch house in that city in 
Paternoster Row, the old-time center of the 
London book trade. The business of this 
agency was the sale of American books and 
the purchase of English publications for sale 
in the United States. Thus began the great 
publishing house now having a world-wide 
reputation and known as G. P. Putnam's Sons, 
and which still maintain a London publication 
office. The firm of G. P. Putnam was estab- 
lished in 1848 and in 1853 began the publica- 
tion of Putnam's Monthly. 



In 1862 Mr. Putnam was appointed by Presi- 
dent Lincoln collector of internal revenue of 
New York and this position he acceptably filled 
for three years. His activities in connection 
with the spread of literature and art were 
numerous, and he was one of the founders, 
and at the time of his death honorary super- 
intendent, of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
In 1872 he was chairman of the .A.merican 
committee on art at the Vienna Exposition. 
His literary work was early recognized by 
Bowdoin College, which conferred upon him 
in 1853 the honorary degree of Master of Arts. 
The career of Mr. Putnam furnishes an excel- 
lent example of the fact that a liberal educa- 
tion is not indispensable in the development 
of one's best powers, if he be an earnest and 
painstaking student. He was accustomed to 
refer humorously to the granting of this degree 
as a reward for his service in spreading the 
alarm on one occasion, when a fire broke out 
in the college buildings at Brunswick, while he 
was a small boy. 

Mr. Putnam organized in 1837 the earliest 
of the American copyright Leagues or Asso- 
ciations, and he was from that date until the 
year of his death, 1872, the secretary and the 
working man in the series of Leagues and 
.Associations which had for their purpose 
bringing the United States into copyright rela- 
tions with Europe, and securing for authors 
on both sides of the .Atlantic, irrespective of 
political boundaries, the returns due to them 
for their labor. 

He married in May, 1841. in New York, 
\'ictorine, bom 1824, daughter of Joseph 
Haven, and his second wife. Mary Parsons 
Tuttle. Joseph Haven was a son of Samuel 
Haven, a merchant of Boston, and was en- 
gaged in the china trade of that city. He be- 
came broken in health and died there whiFe 
his daughter Victorine was an infant. The 
children of George Palmer and Victorine 
(Haven) Putnam were: Mary Corinna, bom 
1842, married, 1873, Abram Jacobi, M, D. ; 
George Haven, mentioned below ; Edith G, 
born 1846: John B.. born 1848: .Amy V., bom 
1850; Irving, born 1852: Bayard, born 1854; 
Kingman, born 1856; Ruth, born i860; Her- 
bert, mentioned below ; Sidney, born 1869. 
Several of the children were possessed of 
literary taste and have contributed more or 
less to .American literature. 

.Among the principal works issued by the 
father were: ".American Facts," London and 
New York, 1846 : "The World's Progress," a 
manual of historical reference. New York and 
London, 1832-1871 ; "Tabular Mews of Uni- 
versal History." This constitutes the second 
division of "The World's Progress," and has 



NEW ENGLAND. 



29 



been issued in successive editions from 1832 
to 1908. The last edition is rewritten and 
brought down to date. The elder son is the 
author of: "The Question of Copyright," New 
Yori< and London, 1892 ; "Authors and Their 
PubHc in Ancient Times," New York and Lon- 
don, 1898; "The Artificial Mother," New York 
and London, 1884; "Books and their Makers 
in the Middle Ages," New York and London, 
1900; "The Censorship of the Church, a Study 
of the Prohibitory and Expurgatory Indexes," 
with reference to their influence on the pro- 
duction and distribution of books, two volumes. 
New York and London, 1906-07 ; "Authors 
and Publishers," a manual of suggestions for 
beginners in literature ( written in cooperation 
with J. B. P), 1899, New York and London; 
"Abraham Lincoln; the Peoples' Leader in the 
Struggle for National Existence," 1910. John 
Bishop Putnam, the second son, co-author of 
".\uthors and Publishers," is also the author 
of "A Norwegian Ramble." He is the founder 
and president of the Knickerbocker Press. 
Ruth Putnam is the author of "William the 
Silent," two volumes, 1900, New York, Am- 
sterdam and London ; "Medieval Princess," 
1905, New York and London ; "Charles the 
Bold of Burgundy," 1908, New York and 
London. Mary Putnam Jacobi, M. D., who 
died in 1905, had had a distinguished career as 
a physician. She was the first woman to se- 
cure admission to, and a degree from, the 
School of Medicine in Paris. She was the 
author of a number of medical treatises, and 
was a constant contributor to the scientific 
journals. 

(IX) George Haven Putnam, Litt. D., eld- 
est son of George P. and Victorine (Haven) 
Putnam, was born April 2, 1844, in London, 
and was educated at Columbia University, 
New York, at Gottingen and Paris. He enlist- 
ed in 1862 in the One Hundred and Seventy- 
Sixth Regiment New York Volunteers and 
was promoted successively to sergeant, lieu- 
tenant, quartermaster, adjutant, and was on 
retiring commissioned major. He served in 
the Army of the Gulf, and later under Sheri- 
dan, in Virginia, and participated in the en- 
gagements of the Red River campaign, and of 
Sheridan's campaign in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley. In 1865 he was appointed deputy collector 
of internal revenue and served until 1866. In 
1866 he was admitted a partner in his father's 
publishing house, which is now incorporated 
under the style of G. P. Putnam's Sons and of 
which he is head. The establishment occupies 
quarters, extending from Twenty-third to 
Twenty-fourth street, near Fifth avenue, and 
in the Putnam Building in Forty-fifth street, 
near Fifth avenue. Mr. Putnam has taken 



active part in copyright legislation. He re- 
organized in 1886 the Publishers' Copyright 
League, of which he has since been secretary 
and working member. He was interested in 
taking up the copyright work that his father 
had originated, and the League of which he 
was secretary was finally able to bring about 
in 1891 the international copyright legislation 
for which the earlier Putnam had worked for 
forty years. He is himself the author of 
numerous volumes bearing upon the relations 
of author and publisher, as well as of a 
memoir of his father, which was printed in 
two volumes for private circulation. He has 
received honorary degrees from Bowdoin Col- 
lege, the L'niversity of Pennsylvania and Co- 
lumbia University. He is a member of the 
Century Association, and of the City, the 
Authors' and the Economic clubs of New 
York, and of the Legion of Honor (France). 

He married (first) in July, i86g, Rebecca 
Kettell Shepard, who died in July, 1895. He 
married (second) April 27, 1899, Emily James, 
daughter of Judge James C. and Emily 
(Adams) Smith, a graduate of Bryn Mawr, 
and from 1894 to 1900 dean of Bernard Col- 
lege. His children by his first wife were: 
Bertha Haven, Ethel Frothingham, Corinna 
Haven and Dorothy Leslie. By his second 
wife: Palmer Crosslett, bom July, 1900. 

(IX) Herbert Putnam, Litt. D., son of 
George Palmer Putnam, was born September 
20, 1 861, in New York City, and graduated 
from Harvard College in 1883. He was 
librarian of Minneapolis Athenaeum and Public 
Library from 1884 to 1891 ; was librarian of 
the Boston Public Library from 1895 to 1899, 
and in 1899 was appointed Librarian of Con- 
gress, and was delegate to the International 
Library Conference in 1897, and president of 
the American Library Association in 1898. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1886. 

Mr. Putnam married, in October, 1886, 
Oiarlotte Elizabeth, daughter of Charles W. 
Munroe, of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Their 
children are : Shirley and Brenda. 



The family of Holbrook is 
HOLBROOK ancient and distingiiished in 

England. The ancient coat- 
of-arms is : A chevron between three martletts. 
Several other coats-of-arms were borne by 
different branches of the family in England. 

(I) Thomas Holbrooek, or Holbrooke, the 
immigrant ancestor, aged thirty- four, of Broad- 
way, England, with wife Jane, aged thirty- 
four, and children, John, aged eleven ; Thomas,, 
aged ten ; Anne, aged five, and Elizabeth, aged 
one, came from Weymouth, England, about 
1628. He settled at Weymouth, Massachu- 



30 



NEW ENGLAND. 



setts, in 1640, and was on the committee to lay 
out the way from Braintree to Dorchester. 
He was admitted a freeman. Alay, 1645. He 
was selectman several years. His will was 
dated December 31, 1669, with codicil, Decem- 
ber 31, 1673. He died 1674-76. His widow 
Jane died before April 24, 1677, when admin- 
istration of the estate was granted to his son 
John. Children: John, born 1617; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Captain William, died 1699, 
lived at Scituate : Ann, married Rey- 
nolds ; Elizabeth, married Walter Hatch ; Jane, 

married Drake. 

(H) Thomas (2) Holbrook, son of Thomas 
(i) Holbrooek, or Holbrooke, lived at Scitu- 
ate, Weymouth and Braintree, Massachusetts. 
In 1653 he bought a farm of fifty-three acres 
in Braintree, and later became the owner of 

much real estate. He married Joanna , 

who survived him. He made his will, July 25, 
1695, and administration on his estate was 
granted his widow, August 19, 1697, and his 
eldest son, Thomas. In the will he mentions 
Thomas as his eldest son, and Peter, to whom 
he gives "all that estate of lands and meadows 
in Mendon which he had formerly purchased 
of his brother William." Children: Thomas, 
buried at Braintree, December 20, 1728; John, 
born October 15, 1653, ^^ Braintree: Peter, 
mentioned below ; Joanna, born October 30, 
1656; Susanna, married .Andrew Willet, of 
Boston; Joseph, born February 12, 1660, died 
young. 

(III) Deacon Peter Holbrook, son of Thomas 
(2) Holbrook, was born September 6, 1656, 
died 1712-13. He settled in Mendon, where 
he inherited lands from his father, most of 
which was afterwards included in Bellingham. 
He was an important man in his time. His 
will was made January 16, 1711-12, and proved 
May 29. 1713. He married (first) Alice 

, who dTed April 29, 1705. He married 

(second) Elizabeth Pool, who survived him, 
and married (second) Robert Ware, of Wen- 
ham, and died 1724. Children: John, born Sep- 
tember 24, 1679, at Braintree ; Peter, October 
16, 1681, Mendon: Silvanus. .August 15, 1685; 
Joannah, March 7. 1686-87: Richard. May 30, 
1690: Eliphalet, mentioned below: William, 
March 28, 1693-94; Samuel. February 27, 
1695-96; Mary, October 14, 1702. 

(IV) Eliphalet, son of Deacon Peter Hol- 
brook, was born January 2~. 1691-92, died Oc- 
tober 19, 1775, at Bellingham. He is called 
"yeoman." He married, November 17, 1716, 
Hannah Rockwood. born August 15, 1692. 
Children : Ebenezer, born June 3, 1717. at Men- 
don ; Seth. February 26, 1721. at Bellingham; 
Eliphalet. mentioned below ; Noah. December 
6, 1727; Caleb, January 14, 1731 ; Elijah, May 



6, 1736, died May 2, 1740; Joanna, July 21. 

1738- 

(\) Eliphalet (2), son of Eliphalet (i) 
Holbrook. was born October 25, 1725. He 
died intestate, and administration was granted 
his son Henry, on whom the homestead was 
settled. April 10, 1778. He married, Novem- 
ber 26, 1753, Abigail Wight, who died Sep- 
tember 3, 1808. Children: Olive, born April 
4, 1755; Henry, mentioned below; Martha, 
October 11, 1758: Caleb, November i, 1760; 
Peter. November 2^, 1762 ; Seth, July 17, 1765 ; 
Nathan. July 24. 1768; Peruda, March 24, 
1770; Eliab, February 20, 1772, died October 
16. 1775; Eliphalet, February 9, 1774, died 
October 15, 1775; Abigail, June 9, 1776, died 
aged six weeks ; Abigail. 

(\T) Ensign Henry Holbrook, son of Eli- 
phalet (2) Holbrook, was born August 27, 
1756, died at Bellingham, his native town, Oc- 
tober I, 1833, aged seventy-seven. He was a 
soldier in the revolution in the company of 
Captain Jesse Holbrook on the Lexington 
Alarm, April 19. 1775, and served from May 
9 until August of that year in Captain Sam- 
uel Cobb's company, Colonel Joseph Read's 
regiment. He was also in Captain Jesse Hol- 
brook's company, Colonel Wheelock's regi- 
ment in 1776 on the Rhode Island Alarm; in 
Captain Samuel Fiske's company. Colonel 
Ephraim Wheelock's regiment, in Rhode 
Island in 1777; also in Captain Amos Ellis's 
company. Colonel Benjamin Hawes's regiment, 
in Rhode Island in 1777-78, and in Captain 
Nathan Thayer's company, Colonel Ebenezer 
Thayer's regiment in the Continental army in 
New York in 1780. He married (first) De- 
cember 20, 1780, at Bellingham, Elizabeth 
Cook, born July 16. 1753, died at Bellingham, 
August 4, 1803 (gravestone). He married 
(second) Eunice Badger, born June 17, 1769, 
died March 10. 1818. Children, born at Bell- 
ingham: Eliphalet, April 13, 1782; Eliab, men- 
tioned below; Anna, March 29. 1786; Henry, 
July 3 1, 1790. 

(V'll) Eliab, son of Ensign Henry Hol- 
brook, was born at Bellingham, May 6, 1784. 
He married there ( intentions dated October 
15, 1809) Betsey Ide. Children, born at Bell- 
ingham; Elizabeth. June 25, 181 1; Lurania, 
October 31, 1815; Eliab, mentioned below. 

(\ III) Eliab (2), son of Eliab (i) Hol- 
brook, was born at Bellingham, October 8, 
1817. He married ( first) April 25, 1839, Han- 
nah Pickering, who died January 9, 1841. 
daughter of Ellery Thayer. He married ( sec- 
ond ) June 23, 1842 (intention at Bellingham; 
May 15, 1842), Julia Ferry Morse. She was 
born July 9, 1817, daughter of Eliakim Morse 
(see Morse VI). Child of first wife: Heler 



•NEW ENGLAND. 



31 



Angelia, born at Bellingham, April 26, 1840. 
Children of second wife, born at Bellingham: 
Hannah Elizabeth, August 23, 1843 ; Gilbert 
M., March 31, 1845; Hiram Pond, February 
15, 1848; Edward, mentioned below. 

(IX) Edward, son of Eliab (2) Holbrook, 
was born at Bellingham, July 7, 1849. He 
attended the public schools of Bellingham and 
Hopkinton, Massachusetts, and after his 
schooling became a clerk in the store of Bige- 
low, Kennard & Company, dealers in watches, 
jewelry and silverware in Boston. From the 
age of sixteen to twenty-one he was with this 
house, and then he became a salesman for the 
Gorham Manufacturing Company, manufac- 
turers of silverware, in 1870. He subsequently 
became the agent of the company in Xew 
York, in 1887 was elected treasurer of the 
company and in 1894 president. Since then he 
has filled both offices and he is one of the best 
known and most prominent silver manufac- 
turers in this country. The period covered by 
this connection with the Gorham Manufactur- 
ing Company has marked an epoch in the de- 
velopment of the silverware industry, more 
important than any that has occurred during 
the past century, as the growth of that indus- 
try has been of larger extent during the time 
of Mr. Holbrook's official connection with the 
Gorham Manufacturing Company, than for 
all of the one hundred years previous and 
during this remarkable development of the 
manufacture of silver as an industry. 

He was one of the charter members and 
organizers of the Silversmiths Company of 
the United States in 1905 and became its first 
president, an office he is still filling. He is a 
director of the Rhode Island Hospital Com- 
pany of Providence, Rhode Island ; of the 
Merchants National Bank of New York City ; 
of the Harriman National Bank of New York 
t ity ; of the Garfield Safe Deposit Company 
of New York City ; of the American Brass 
Company, the leading brass manufacturing 
concern of the United States ; of the Ameri- 
can Coal Company, and the General Fire Ex- 
tinguisher Company. He is a member of the 
Union League of New York, the Union Club, 
the Metropolitan Museum, New York, the 
New England Society of New York, the Hope 
Club of Providence, Rhode Island, the Pil- 
grims, an American Club of London, England. 
In politics he is a Republican. Mr. Holbrook 
is one of the few Americans who have had 
conferred upon them the medal of the Legion 
of Honor of France by the French govern- 
ment. 

He married, F'ebruary 18, 1874, in Boston, 
Frances, born in 1854, daughter of John J. 
Swift, of Boston. Her father was president 



of the Boston & Fitchburg Railroad Company 
Her mother, Mary fllichborn) Swift, was of 
the old Hichborn family of Boston, to which 
Admiral Hichborn belongs. Children: i. John 
Swift, bom in Boston, March 4, 1875; mar- 
ried, in April, 1907, Grace, daughter of John 
J. Sinclair, vice-president of the Gorham 
Manufacturing Company. 2. Lilian, born 
March 7, 1878; married, January 3, 1906, the . 
Count Guillaume de Balincourt, and now resi- ^ 
dent of Xeuilly sur Seine, France. <y3-= 

(The Morse Line). X~^ 

( I ) Samuel Morse, the immigrant ancestor, V — 
was born in England in 1586. He sailed for , 
New England in the ship "Increase," April 15, '' ■» ^ 
1635, and settled first at Watertown, and in V_ j 
the following year, 1636, at Dedham, Massa- ) 

chusetts. He was admitted a freeman there, 5 <■ 

October 8, 1640. Afterward he removed to r,) 
the adjoining town of Medfield, where many -^ ^ 
of his descendants have lived. He was a town _ 
officer of Dedham and one of the proprietors, q 
He died April 5, 1654, and his will was proved 1 
January 30, 16^5. He married, in England, , 
Elizabeth a«tia^;fwho died at Medfield, June^ 
20, 1655. She\vas forty-eight years old when ' 
she emigrated. Children, born in England : ^ ^ 
John, 161 1 ; Daniel, 1613; Joseph, mentioned S 
below ; Abigail, married Daniel Fisher, of Ded-"T:j 
ham; Mary, married Samuel Bullem ; Jere- 
miah, went "east." 

(II) Joseph, son of Samuel Morse, was 
born in England in 1615, and came to this 
country with his parents in 1635. He lived 
first in Watertown, but soon removed to Ded- 
ham, where he received, August 18, 1636, 
twelve acres of land for a home lot. He mar- 
ried, in Watertown, September i, 1636, Han- 
nah Phillips. He died in Dedham and his 
widow married (second) November 3, 1658, 
Thomas Boyden. She died in Medfield, Octo- 
ber 3, 1676. Children, born at Dedham: Sam- 
uel, March 10, 1639; Hannah. August 8, 1641 ; 
Sarah, September 16, 1643; Dorcas, August 
23, 1645; Elizabeth, September i, 1647; Jo- 
seph, September 26, 1649; Jeremiah, mention- 
ed below. 

(III) Jeremiah, son of Joseph Morse, was 
born at Dedham, March 10, 165 1, died Febru- 
ary 19, 1715-16. He resided at Dorchester and 
Medfield. He married Elizabeth, born in 1659, 
died April 25, 1733, daughter of Francis and 
Sarah Hamant. Children, born at Med- 
field: Elizabeth. June 22, 1678; Jeremiah, Oc- 
tober 31, 1679; Elizabeth, February 24. 1681 ; 
Mary, March 5. 1685 : Timothy, December 27, 
1687: Benjamin, mentioned below; Captain 
Samuel. September 24, 1694: .\bigail, October 
16. 1696, died young; Jedediah, 1700; John, 
1704. resided at U'rentham. 



32 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(IV) Benjamin, son of Jeremiah Morse, 
was born at Medtield. .August 31, 1692. He 
settled in early life at Wrentham, an adjacent 
town. He married (first) March 15, 1714, 
Sarah, born at Dedham, December 18, 1694, 
died at Wrentham, February 20, 1725-26, 
daughter of Peter and Abigail Fales. He mar- 
ried (second) February 14. 1727, Sarah Blake, 
of Wrentham. Oiildren, born at Wrentham : 
Benjamin. March 6, 1716: Hannah, December 
17, 1720: Peter. October, 1723; Joseph, Au- 
gust 22, 1728; Sarah. December 30, 1730; Na- 
than, December 22, 1733: Moses, mentioned 
below. 

(V) Moses, son of Benjamin Morse, was 
born at Wrentham, June 17, 1739. He was a 
farmer at Wrentham. He married there, June 
4. 1766, Lydia E>aniel. Children, born at 
Wrentham: Rhoda, March 5, 1767; Darius, 
May 29, 1769; Aaron, .August 24, 1771 ; Lydia, 
October 26, 1775; Jacob, January 25, 1778; 
Eliakim, mentioned below; Polly, July i, 1784. 

(\'I) Eliakim, son of Moses Morse, was 
born at Wrentham, Massachusetts, October 8, 
1780. He married Lucinda Pond, born at 
Franklin, Massachusetts, July 5. 1787, daugh- 
ter of Eliezer and Huldah ( Hill) Pond. They 
lived for a time at West Springfield, Massa- 
chusetts. They settled in Oakham, Worcester 
county, Massachusetts. Children except four 
eldest, born at Oakham: Lucinda, June 13, 
1809, at Franklin; Elvira Metcalf, November 
4, 1812, at West Springfield; John Morman, 
February i, 1814, at West Springfield; James, 
February 14, 1816, at West Springfield: Julia 
Ferry, born July 9, 1817; married Eliab Hol- 
brook (see Holbrook VHI) ; Hiram Conant, 
February 3, 1821 ; Electa Bothwell, May 30, 
1822; Jasper Pond, February 8, 1824; Sabra 
Aldens, August 18, 1827. 



The name Mead is the English 
MEAD form of the Norman de Prato, 
Hervey de Prato in 1200, in Nor- 
mandy, was King John's knight and the cus- 
tody of Rouen Castle was given to his brother. 
In 1180-95, there is found in the Norman rec- 
ords the names of William, Robert. Matilda, 
Roger and Reginald de Prato, and in 1198 
those of Richard and Robert de Prato. The 
following year, in Essex, England, occurs the 
name of Roger de Prato, and the same year 
also that of Walter de Prato in Hereford, 
England. 

De Prato as translated into English became 
Mead. Meade, Mede and Meads. The first of 
the Mead or Meade family who came origin- 
ally from Somersetshire into county Essex was 
Thomas Meade, Esq., who in the reign of 
King Henry VI. settled at Elmdon. The coat- 



of-arms is thus described: Sable, a chevron be- 
tween three pelicans or vulnant gules. 

(I) William Mead, the immigrant ancestor, 
was a brother of Gabriel or Goodman Mead, 
and came with the latter in the ship "Eliza- 
beth," 1635, from England. Goodman Mead 
remained in Massachusetts, but William went 
into the Connecticut Valley, and settled first 
in Wethersfield, and in 1641 removed to Stam- 
ford. He received from the town of Stam- 
ford, December 7. 1641, a home lot and five 
acres of land. His wife died in Stamford, 
-September 16, 1657, but no record of his death 
has been found. Children : Joseph, born in 
1630: Martha, about 1632; John, mentioned 
below; Son, died in 1658. 

(II) John, son of William Mead, was born 
about 1634, died February 5, 1699. He lived 
in Stamford until 1657, when he, with Joseph 
his brother, removed to Hempstead. Long 
Island. In 1660 he again removed to Old 
Greenwich. Connecticut, and October 26th of 
that year bought land from Richard Crab. In 
1670 he was propounded for a freeman of 
Greenwich, and in 1670-80-86 was a member 
of the assembly. .About 1672 a number of citi- 
zens of Greenwich, together with some from 
other colonies than Connecticut, bought from 
a few Indians a tract of land within the bounds 
of Greenwich, then called Horseneck, and now 
known as Greenwich Borough. These pur- 
chasers were twenty-seven in number, and 
were called the "2j proprietors of 1672." On 
the list are the names of John and Joseph 
-Mead. In 1691 John Mead with his son John, 
and others, was appointed on a committee to 
procure materials and build a new meeting 
house. He married, in 1657, Hannah, daugh- 
ter of William Potter, of Stamford, and 
through her received a considerable amount 
of property. Children : John ; Joseph : Han- 
nah : Ebenezer, mentioned below ; Jonathan ; 
David: Benjamin, mentioned below; Nathan- 
iel ; Samuel ; .Abigail ; Mary. 

(HI) Ebenezer, son of John Mead, was 
born in 1663, died in 1728. He is on the list 
of voters in Horseneck in 1688, and on the 
ta.x list of Greenwich in the years 1694-95. 
The following year he was apix)inted by the 
town to keep the tavern, which stood on the 
same site for nearly two hundred years, and 
had a thrilling history during the colonial and 
revolutionary wars. He married. 1691, Sarah 
Knapp, of Stamford. Children: Ebenezer. 
mentioned below; Caleb, born 1694; Sarah, 
1696: Hannah, 1698; Jabez. 1700; David, 
1702: .Abigail. 1704; Susanna. 1706; [emima. 
1708. 

CIV) Ebenezer (2). son of Ebenezer (i) 
Mead, was born October 25, 1692, died May 



NEW ENGLAND. 



33 



3, 1775. He married, December 12, 1717, Han- 
nah Brown. Children : Ebenezer, born Octo- 
ber 8, 1718; Silas, May 22, 1720; Rev. Abra- 
ham, December 5, 1721, died 1743; Jonas, De- 
cember 25, 1723; Rev. Solomon, December 25, 
1725; Deliverance, mentioned below; Dr. 
Amos, February 22, 1730; Edmund, 1732; 
Hannah, December 5, 1734: Jabez, November 

4, 1737; Jared. December 15, 1738; Captain 
Abraham, December 14, 1742. 

(V) Deliverance, son of Ebenezer (2) 
Mead, was born May 4. 1728. riied May 3, 
1785. He married, June 11, 1759, Abigail, 
born February 22, 1738, died April 28, 1807, 
daughter of Captain Isaac Howe. Children : 
Elizabeth, born April ig, 1760; Sarah, Novem- 
ber 7, 1761 ; Rachel, August 25, 1763; Han- 
nah, August 10, 1765; Jabez, February 13, 
1767, died October 29, 1769; Robert, Novem- 
ber 22, 1768; Mary, Alarch 25, 1771, died 
November 11, 1776; Huldah, February 26, 
1773; Ephraim, mentioned below: Jabez, .\u- 
gust 22, 1777; Zenas. December 10, 1779. 

(VI) Ephraim, son of Deliverance Mead, 
was born Alarch 15, 1775, died July 16, 1850. 
He married i\zuba, born January 9, 1787, died 
January 21, 1861, daughter of Jonah Mead. 
Children: Mary H., born February 2, 1810; 
Huldah, February 5, 1812; Thirza. July 26, 
1814, died April 14, 1830: Jane, July 23, 1817; 
Elthea, July 26, 1820, died April 5, 1830; 
Isaac Howe, mentioned below. 

(VII) Isaac Howe, son of Ephraim Mead, 
was born July 4, 1823, died December 13, 
1889. He married Mary E., daughter of 
Zophar Mead, of New York City, mentioned 
below. Children : Ephraim, September 7, 
1856; Elbert L., September 11, 1857, died 
young; Dr. Clarkson S.. February 19, 1859; 
Willard H., April 26, i860; Spencer P., men- 
tioned below : Thomas M., May 25, 1865 ; 
Amos H., February i, 1869. 

(VIII) Spencer Percival, son of Isaac 
Howe Mead, was born at Greenwich, Con- 
necticut, March 23, 1863. He was educated 
there in the public schools, at the Greenwich 
Academy and at the New York Law School, 
from which he was graduated in the class of 
1893, with the degree of LL. B. In the same 
year he was admitted to the bar in New York 
and he practiced in that city for six years. 
For several years he was in the employ of the 
Lawyers' Insurance and Trust Company of 
New York. He has been keenly interested in 
local and faniily history and is the author of 
"Ye Historic of ye Town of Greenwich, Conn." 
and "History and Genealogical Record of the 
Mead and Reynolds Families in America." He 
has contributed much to current literature. 
He is a member of the New England Society 

i-3 



of New York, the Sons of the Revolution, the 
Society of Colonial Wars. He was made a 
Mason in Acacia Lodge of Free Masons, of 
Greenwich, Connecticut, and has taken all the 
degrees in Scottish Rite Masonry, including 
the thirty-second. He is unmarried. 

(III) Benjamin, son of John Mead, was 
born in May, 1666, died February 27, 1746. 
He married (first) May 10, 1700, Sarah 
Waterbury, of Stamford, Connecticut, born 
-August 15, 1677; (second) Rachel Brown, of 
Rye. Children of first wife: Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, born June 3, 1702; Eli- 
phalet, March 14, 1704, Elizabeth. November 
2, 1705; Keziah, February 10, 1707. Children 
of second wife: Rachel, May 30. 1717; Oba- 
diah, February 20. 1719; Zeb'ediah, August 16, 
1720; Nehemiah, 1721 ; Mary, 1724; Hannah, 
1726. 

(IV) Benjamin (2), son of Renjamin (i) 
Mead, was born March 18. 1701, died Octo- 
ber 22, 1782. He married, November 18, 1728. 
Martha Ferris, born November 8. 1708, died 
November 6, 1797. Children: Benjamin, born 
August 15, 1729; Thaddeus, November 16, 
1730; Martha, July 18, 1732; Sarah, .Xugust 
10, 1735; Elizabeth, October, 1737; Sylvanus, 
mentioned below; Gideon, .\pril 18, 1741 ; 
"Mary, September 29, 1743; Rachel, .August 

31. 1745- 

(V) Captain Sylvanus Mead, son of Benja- 
min (2) Mead, was born January 19, 1739, 
died in 1780, in the revolution. He married 
Sybil, daughter of Jonas Wood, of Hunting- 
ton, Nassau Island, now Long Island. Chil- 
dren : Whitman, mentioned below ; Piatt, born 
June 16, 1768; Gideon, November i, 1771 ; 
.Asel, May i, 1774. 

(VT) Whitman, son of Captain Sylvanus 
Mead, was born May 3, 1764, died January, 
1795. He married, 1787, Rachel, daughter of 
Deliverance Mead, mentioned above. Chil- 
dren : Mary, born February 14, 1788 ; Zophar, 
mentioned below; Whitman. August 5. 1792. 

(VII) Zophar, son of Whitman Mead, was 
born December 20, 1790, died October 3, 1838 
He married, April 26, 1820, Martha, born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1799, died May 29, 1869, daughter 
of David Seaman. Children : Araminta, born 
March 6. 1821 ; Marie A., June 7, 1822, died 
young; Mary E., October 18, 1823, married 
Isaac Howe Mead, mentioned above. 



William Britton. the pioneer 
BRITTON ancestor in this country, came 

from Bristol, England, and set- 
tled in Newport, Rhode Island. The family 
name in England was Summerill. but this son 
William, before leaving England, took his 
mother's famih- name which was Britton. This 



34 



NEW ENGLAND. 



change of name is proven by letter written from 
father to son. He was a sea captain. He 
married, on Sunday, May 22, 1785, at New- 
port, EHzabeth Clarke, daughter of Audley 
and Margaret (Howland or Hulin) Clarke 
(see Clarke I\')- Children, born at Newport: 
William, mentioned below ; Alargaret, April 
15, 1787; Eliza, April 15, 1790, died August 
23, 1791 ; Eliza, September 17, 1793, died Sep- 
tember 16, 1794; Nathaniel Mumford, May 
22, 1795; Eliza, August 21. 1798; John Henry, 
January 15, 1803, died July, 1816; John Henry, 
September 5, 1805, died September, 1S19. 
William Britton died at Esopus, Ulster county. 
New York, November i, 1836. His wife was 
born in Newport, Rhode Island, July 28, 1765, 
died October 21, 1819. 

(H) Captain William (2) Britton, son of 
William (i) Britton, was born at Newport, 
Rhode Island, March 6, 1786, died in New 
York, May 27, 1857. He was a sea captain. 
He married (first) April 5, 1804, Ann Price; 
(second) Sarah Packer, who was born in Eng- 
land. Children : Mary Ann, born September 
26, 1805; William Audley, mentioned below; 
John Price, May 16, 1813. 

(III) William Audley, son of Captain Will- 
iam (2) Britton, was born at Newport, Rhode 
Island, April 11, 181 1. He was educated in* 
the public schools. He engaged in business as 
a banker in Mississippi, and died in New York 
City in 1874. He married, July 16, 1844, Mary 
Ann Adams, born April 23, 1822, in Durham, 
New York, daughter of Reuben and Almira 
L. (Mills) Adams, and a descendant of George 
.\dams, of Watertown, Massachusetts. Almira 
L. Mills was a descendant of Peter Wautrous 
\'an Der Meulen (Dermenen), who came from 
Holland and whose name was anglicized to 
Mills. Children : Charles Price, mentioned be- 
low ; Reuben Adams, born in Kent, Connecti- 
cut, in 1849. married Matilda Dunbar, of 
Natchez, Mississippi, and had a daughter 
Gladys. 

(IV) Charles Price, son of William .\ud- 
ley Britton. was born at Kent, Connecticut, 
June 2~. 1845. He attended the district schools 
in Connecticut, and private schools in New 
York City, .\fterward for a time he was a 
clerk, and at the time of his marriage he was 
admitted to partnership in the dry goods job- 
bing firm of William I. Peake & Company. 
.After five years in this firm he became in 1871 
a stock broker and has continued in that busi- 
ness to the present time. His office is at ill 
Broadway, New York City. His firm is Charles 
P. Britton & Company. He is a member of 
the Sons of the Revolution, the Society of 
Colonial Wars, the New England Society of 
New York, the Union League Club of New 



York. In politics he is an Independent. He 
was formerly in the state militia and is now a 
veteran member of the Seventh Regiment, 
New York National Guard. He is a communi- 
cant of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. 
He married, September 5, 1866, Caroline 
Berry, born in Kent, Connecticut, in October, 
1846, daughter of John Clark and Ann 
(Marsh) Berry. Children: i. William Adams, 
bom in Kent, August 17, 1868, died in Ashe- 
ville. North Carolina, September 29, 1888. 2. 
Mary Marsh, bom in New York City, March 
13. '^'^77)' died November 20. 1875. 3- Henry 
Berry, born September 5, 1878, a graduate of 
Columbia University, class of 1901, a mechan- 
ical engineer by profession, now a partner in 
his father's firm of Charles P. Britton & Com- 
pany, stock brokers ; married Marian W. G., 
daughter of Horace S. and Fanny (Griswold) 
Ely; children: Charles Price, born October 11, 
1909 ; Horace Ely, born October 9, 1910. 

(The Clarke Line). 

The name Qarke is derived from the Latin 
word, "clericus," meaning a priest, or one con- 
nected with the service of the church. At first 
the name was used to designate those in cleri- 
cal orders, but was later given to all who were 
able to read and write. 

(I) Jeremiah Qarke, the immigrant ances- 
tor of the Newport branch, came to America 
before 1638, and in that year was admitted an 
inhabitant of the island of Aquidneck, later 
Newport, Rhode Island. He and eight others 
signed a compact at Portsmouth, April 28, 

1639, preparatory to the settlement of New- 
port. The same year he was present at a meet- 
ing of the inhabitants, and was made treasurer, 
tie held various important positions in the 
town; 1639-40 constable: 1642, lieutenant; 
1644, captain; 1644-45-46-47 treasurer for 
Newport; 1647-48-49 treasurer for the four 
towns of the colony. In 1648 he was an assist- 
ant and became president regent, with the 
power of governor under this title. In March, 

1640, he had land recorded to the amount of 
one hundred and si.xteen acres, and that same 
year was chosen with two others to lay out the 
remainder of the lands at Newport. He mar- 
ried, before leaving England, Frances, born 
161 1, died September, 1677, daughter of Lewis 
Latham, sergeant, falconer to King Charles I., 
and widow of William Dungan, performer of 
St. Martin's in Field Parish, London. She 
came to New England with her second hus- 
band, Jeremiah Clarke, and her four children, 
one son and three daughters. She married 
(third) Rev. William \'aughan. Jeremiah 
Clarke died in Newport, January, 1651-52. 
Children: Walter, born 1637; Mary, 1641 ; 



NEW ENGLAND. 



35 



Jeremiah, mentioned below ; Latham ; Weston, 
April 5, 1648; James, 1649; Sarah, 1651. 

(II) Jeremiah (2), son of Jeremiah (i) 
Clarke, was born 1643, died January 16, 1729. 
In 1666 he was a freeman. In 1696-98-99- 
1700-01-02-03-04-05, he was deputy. He was 
ordained deacon of the Second Baptist Church 
in 1701. He deeded one-half of his lands in 
Providence and in Connecticut to his son 
James, September 17, 169 1, and on the same 
date, the other half of the above lands to 
his son-in-law, Jeremiah Weeden, for three 
pounds, and the sum of three pounds annually 
during the life of Jeremiah and his wife Ann. 
He married Ann Audley, who died December 
15, 1732. Oiildren : Jeremiah: Henry, men- 
tioned below ; James ; Samuel : Weston ; Fran- 
ces, born December 15, 1669; Mary, died 1756, 
married Jeremiah Weeden ; Anne, born 1675 ; 
Sarah, died 1729. 

(III) Henry, son of Jeremiah (2) Clarke, 
married Judith Peckham. Children: James, 
married Catherine Magee ; William, married 
Diana Davis; Anne, married William Pike; 
Hannah, married Richard Moore, January 9, 
1734: Judith, married Job Hubbard; Audley, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Audley, son of Henry Clarke, of New- 
port, Rhode Island, was born about 1738. He 
married, at Newport, December 7, 1760, IVIar- 
garet Hulin, or Howland, and she died No- 
vember 4, 1784. He is in the census of New- 
port as having one male over sixteen, one 
female over sixteen, and two females under 
sixteen, in 1774. Children: Henry, born at 
Newport, October 19, 1761 ; Olive, March 26, 
1763: Elizabeth, July 28, 1765, married, Sun- 
day, May 22, 1785, William Britton, of Bristol, 
England (see Britton I); Sarah, July 29, 



The name of Lockwood is 
LOCKWOOD of ancient origin, and dates 

back over eight hundred 
years, when it is mentioned in Domesday 
Book. During the reign of Edward III., 1327- 
jj, a John Lockwood was attached to the royal 
party, fought at Naseby, and was wounded 
there. There were families of the name in 
county Essex and county Northampton as 
early as 1530. At that date Rev. Richard 
Lockwood, rector of Dingley, in Northampton- 
shire, had a coat-of-arms granted to him, as 
follows: Argent, a fesse between three mart- 
letts sable. 

(I) Robert Lockwood, the immigrant an- 
cestor, came from England about 1630, and 
settled first in Watertown, Massachusetts, 
where he was made a freeman, March 9, 1636- 
37. About 1646 he removed to Fairfield, and 



was made a freeman of Connecticut, May 20, 
1652. His name is recorded as a settler in 
Fairfield as early as 1641, and in May, 1657, 
he was appointed sergeant there. He died in 
1658, and an inventory of his estate was made 
September nth of that year. He is supposed 
to have lived for a time in Norwalk, Connecti- 
cut. While living in Watertown he was exec- 
utor of the estate of one Edmund Lockwood, 
supposed to be his brother. His wife was 
Susannah, who survived him, and married 
( second j Jeffrey Ferris. She died at Green- 
wich, December 23, 1660. Children, the first 
six born in Watertown : Jonathan, September 
10, 1634; Deborah, October 12, 1636; Joseph, 
August 6, 1638; Daniel, March 21, 1640; Eph- 
raim, mentioned below ; (krshom, September 
6, 1643 ; John ; Abigail, married John Barlow, 
of I'^airfield ; Sarah ; Mary, married Jonathan 
Huested. 

(II) Ephraim, son of Robert Lockwood, 
was born in Watertown, Massachusetts, De- 
cember I, 1641. He removed with his parents 
when a child to Fairfield, and afterward lived 
in Norwalk, Connecticut. His name appears 
in the list of home lots there, and he was made 
a freeman, October, 1667. He bought the 
home lot of Jonathan Marsh, December 30, 
1664. He married, June 8, 1665, Mercy, 
daughter of Matthias Sention Sr., of Norwalk. 
The name is now written St. John. Children : 
John, born March 19, 1666; Daniel, August 
13, 1668: Sarah, November 3, 1670; Ephraim, 
May I, 1673; Eliphalet, mentioned below; Jo- 
seph. April I, 1680; James, April 21, 1683; 
Edmund, died unmarried ; Mary, married Jo- 
seph Garnsey ; Abigail, married Cook. 

(HI) Deacon Eliphalet Lockwood, son of 
Ephraim Lockwood, was bom February 27, 
1675-6, died October 14, 1753 ; born and buried 
in Norwalk. He was representative from Nor- 
walk to the general assembly in May, 1724. He 
married, October 11, 1699, Mary, born about 
1673, 'i'S'J March 6, 1761, daughter of John 
Gold, of Stamford, Connecticut. Children, 
born in Norwalk: Hannah, July 28, 1700, died 
July 16, 1712; Damaris, November 7, 1701 ; 
Son, born November 28, died December 20, 
1703: Mary, November 4, 1704; Eliphalet, 
June 2. 1706; John, January 8, 1707-08; 
Mercy, April 11, 1709, died October i, 1712; 
Peter, mentioned below; Hannah, July 12, 
1712. died October 27, 1713; .\bigail, October 

17. 1716. 

( I\') Deacon Peter Lockwood, son of Dea- 
con Eliphalet Lockwood. was born in Norwalk, 
March 16. 1710-11, died in Danbury, Connect- 
icut, in 1775. He was representative from 
Norwalk six times between the years 1755 
and 1764. Before he removed to Danbury he 



36 



NEW ENGLAND. 



had been appointed deacon. His will was 
made .August 26, 1775. and proved November 
I, 1775. He married (first), September 8, 
1737, Abigail Hawley, died June 6, 1749, 
daughter of Rev. Thomas Hawley, of Ridge- 
field, Connecticut. He married (second), 
January i, 1750-51, Elizabeth, born Febru- 
ary 17, 1727-28, daughter of David and Lau- 
rana (Bill) Lambert, and granddaughter of 
John Bill, of Lebanon, Connecticut. He mar- 
ried (third) Hannah Fitch. Children of . 
first wife: Abigail, born October 17, 1738; 
Eliphalet. October 17, 1741 ; Hannah, Sep- 
tember 2;^, 1743 : Mary, .\ugust 31, 1745 : Dor- 
othy, December 7, 1747, died June 23, 1750. 
Children of second wife: Lambert, December 
14, 1753, died January i, 1754; Dorothy, Au- 
gust 10, 1755; Lambert, mentioned below; 
Gould. 

( \' ) Lambert, son of Deacon Peter Lock- 
wood, was born in Xorwalk, July 17, 1757, 
died February 11, 1825. He was assistant 
quartermaster-general in the revolution, and 
his widow received a pension at the rate of 
$600 a year. During the British attack on 
Danbury, April 26, 1777, he was sent by 
Colonel Cook, then in command there, to Gen- 
eral Silliman for arms and ammunition, but 
coming suddenly upon the British troops near 
Reading Church, was made a prisoner. He 
was recognized by General Tryon, the British 
commander, as a young man who had for- 
merly given him aid when his carriage broke 
down while passing through Norwalk, and 
was consequently taken under the general's 
protection. In the latter's hasty retreat from 
Danbury, however, he was interrupted while 
writing a protection for him, and left him to 
take care of himself. He was a merchant by 
occupation, and about 1792, with J. S. Cannon, 
built a store and wharf at Bridgeport, and ran 
a packet sloop, the "Juba," to New York. In 
1794 he removed from Wilton to Bridgeport, 
and lived on the north side of State street. 
When the Bridgeport Bank was incorporated 
in 1806 he was a subscriber, and February 3, 
1807, was elected a director. In i8ii he was 
first clerk of the Bridgeport and Stratford 
Burying Ground .Association. He was a pew- 
holder in the old Congregational church in 
1835. Two of his sons were clergymen. He 
was a public-spirited man, of fine presence 
and agreeable manners. He married, Decem- 
ber 5, 1793, Elizabeth, born March i, 1771, 
died February 3, 1846. daughter of Rev. .\zel 
Roe. of Woodbridge. New Jersey. Children: 
Rebecca Roe. born 1794: Frederick, April 7, 
1796; Peter, February 9, 1798; Roe, men- 
tioned below; Elizabeth, 1802. 

(V'l) Roe, son of Lambert Lockwood, was 



born in Bridgeport, 1800. died in 1871. He 
removed to New York. He married, June 19, 
1821, Julia G. Gouge, of Bridgeport. Chil- 
dren : George Roe, mentioned below ; Freder- 
ick, died young ; Catharine G., born August 
31, 1825; Julia, January 19, 1828; Elizabeth 
Roe, December 25, 1839; Louisa Matilda, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1841. 

(\TI) George Roe, son of Roe Lockwood, 
was born March 31, 1822, in Bridgeport. He 
married, June 7. 1848, Mary Elizabeth, born 
1826, in Hartford, daughter of Richard and 
Martha ( Smith ) Bigelow. She was the grand- 
daughter of John and Clarissa (Hillyer) Bige- 
low, great-granddaughter of John and Hannah 
( Wadsworth ) Bigelow. great-great-grand- 
daughter of Timothy and .Abigail (Olcott) 
Bigelow, great-great-great-granddaughter of 
Jonathan and Mabel (Edwards) Bigelow, 
great-great-great-great-granddaughter of Jon- 
athan and Rebecca (Shephard) Bigelow, and 
great-great-great-great-great-granddaughter of 
John Bigelow. Children, born in New York 
City: Ella, October 2, 1849; Richard Bigelow, 
December 7, 1850; Mary Elizabeth, May 17, 
1854; George Roe, mentioned below. 

(\ III) Dr. George Roe (2) Lockwood, son 
of George Roe (i) Lockwood, was born 
March 7, 1861, in New York City. He at- 
tended the public schools and was graduated 
from the College of the City of New York in 
the class of 1881 with the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts. He studied medicine in the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia Uni- 
versity and received his degree of M. D. in 
1884. He spent a year abroad, traveling and 
studying in the medical schools and hospitals 
of the old world and since his return has been 
in practice in New York City, making a spe- 
cialty of diseases of the stomach. He is on 
the stafT of the Bellevue Hospital of New York 
City. He is a member of the American Med- 
ical .Association, and the city, county and 
state medical societies. 

He married, November 4, 1893, Elizabeth, 
born in New York City. 1872. died August 19, 
191 1, daughter of Horace and 5lelvina 
( Brown ) Dennett, of New York. 



Albertus Simon appears to be 
SIMMONS the immigrant ancestor of this 
family. He was of Ehitch an- 
cestry and settled in Rensselaerwyck, in or 
near what is now Troy, New York, then in Al- 
bany county. He was born in 1728. -At an 
early date families of English ancestry named 
Simmons appeared in New York and the name 
Simonds was common in Massachusetts. Si- 
monds is also an English surname. While all 
have a similar derivation from the personal or 



^-^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Z7 



baptismal name Simon, which dates back of 
Biblical times, and while Simon became a 
surname in this family, it may have been a 
patronymic for several generations earlier. It 
is impossible to trace many of the early Dutch 
families of New York, because for several gen- 
erations they continued to use patronymics in- 
stead of surnames. 

But before the revolution Simon was well 
established as a surname and in New York 
state we find Antras, Battis, Henrich, Jacob 
and John Simon, evidently of Dutch stock, in 
the American army. Henry, or Heinrich, and 
Jacob, were living in Rensselaerwyck, Albany 
county, when the first federal census was 
taken in 1790, doubtless the same Simons who 
served in the revolution. Peter and Helmers 
also were heads of families in the same local- 
ity, and Albertus Simon, of Rensselaerwyck, 
had four males over sixteen, three under that 
age and six females in his family. Judging 
from the fact that he had so numerous a farri- 
ily living in 1790 at home, we are led to the 
conclusion that, if he were the immigrant, he 
must have had brothers or relations of the 
name who settled in the same section. 

(II) Christian John Simon, one of the 
younger sons of Albertus Simon, was born at 
Rensselaerwyck, New York, probably about 
1775. He married Patience Safford. of Green- 
wich, New York, now Washington county. 

(III) Joseph Ferris Simmons, as the name 
is now spelled, son of Christian John Simon, 
was born in 1818, in the town of Brunswick, 
Rensselaer county. New York, died July 8, 
1879. He married Mary Sophia Gleason, born 
18 19. died July 5, 1872, daughter of Samuel 
Gleason. of Shaftsbury, New York. Children : 
I. Joseph Edwards, who was president of the 
Fourth National Bank of New York City ; 
president of the New York Chamber of Com- 
merce in 1909-10; president of the New York 
Stock Exchange : grand master of the Free 
Masons of New York State : president of the 
Board of Education of New York City: his 
son, Joseph F. Simmons, is a member of the 
New York Sons of the Revolution. 2. Dr. 
Charles Ezra, mentioned below. 3. Emma 
Kate, born in Troy, New York, March 2, 1850; 
married Charles R. Flint, born in Thomaston, 
Maine, late of Brooklyn and New York. 

(IV) Dr. Charles Ezra Simmons, son of 
Joseph Ferris Simmons, was born in Troy, 
New York. August 16, 1840. He attended a 
private academy at Troy, the Sand Lake 
Boarding School, and in 1857 entered Will- 
iams College, .\fter three years at Williams 
he entered Beloit College at Beloit, Wisconsin, 
and was graduated in the class of 1861 with 
the degree of Bachelor of .\rts. He studied 



for a year at the University of Guttenburg, 
Germany, and in 1862-63 was a student at 
Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and in 18^3-64 at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1864 with the degree of M. D. From 
the time of his graduation until 1868 he prac- 
ticed in Troy and since then in New York City. 
He is a member of the Medical Society of 
Greater New York, of the New York Medical 
Society, the New York Academy of Medicine, 
the American Medical .Association and the 
Alumni Association of Williams College of 
New York. He was commissioner of chari- 
ties and corrections from 1885 to 1895 in New 
York City, appointed originally by Mayor 
Grace and reappointed by Mayor Grant. He 
has written from time to time various medical 
monographs and was the first to report a case 
of quinine blindness. He is a member of the 
Old South Dutch Reformed Church of New 
York City. In politics he is an independent 
Democrat, but was formerly an active member 
of Tammany Hall and held the office of 
Sachem in that organization. 

He married, June 29, 1865, Sarah Ruby 
Gould, born July 6, 1842. daughter of Jacob 
Gould, of Rochester, New York. Children: i. 
Edward DeForest, born at Rochester, May 18, 
1866; unmarried; a real estate dealer in New 
York City. 2. Mary Sophia, born June 20, 
1868: married Henry King Browning, a mer- 
chant of New York City; children: .Adelaide 
Scott Browning, born ^Iarch 31, 1892; Mar- 
jory Hull Browning, born June 8, 1893; Cath- 
erine Simmons Browning, born April. 1895; 
Natalie Hull Browning, born September, 1896. 
3. Ruby Gould, born October 21, 1874, in New 
York City. 



The name of Norton is of an- 
NORTON cient origin and the many dis- 
tinct families in .America bear- 
ing it are undoubtedly descended from the 
same source. Their lineage can be traced back 
to Le Signr de Noruile (Norvile), who crossed 
the channel with the Norman Conqueror and 
subsequently served as the latter"s constable. 
This de Norvile married a lady of the famous 
house of Valois. Dr. Norton, of London. Eng- 
land, has made much research to discover the 
earliest origin of the family and finds it first 
in Norway, whence came a large portion of 
the inhabitants of Normandy, France, the orig- 
inal home of William the Conqueror. In Nor- 
way it had its present form, but the influences 
of the French language changed it somewhat, 
being made Nordville and Norvile. A few 
generations after its arrival in England it was 



38 



NEW ENGLAND. 



changed to the original form of Norton. The 
senior William D. Norvile was chamberlain of 
William the Conqueror at the time of the con- 
quest. A descendant of Cantable de Norville 
in the sixth generation, anglicized the name 
into its present form of Norton. Professor 
Charles Eliot Norton, of Harvard University, 
is a lineal descendant of the constable in the 
twenty-first generation. In addition to Norton 
street, a prominent London thoroughfare, there 
are in England several important rural com- 
munities of this name — Chipping Norton, Sed- 
bey Norton, King's Norton and Phillip's Nor- 
ton, all of ancient origin and doubtless deriving 
their name from some prominent family or 
individual. Several immigrants of this name 
are mentioned in the early colonial records of 
New England. Captain Walter Norton arrived 
in America in 1630. George Norton, of Salem, 
Ipswich, and other places, who came from 
London, was made a freeman in 1634, and died 
in 1659. William Norton, of Hingham and 
Ipswich, born in England, 1610, came in the 
"Hopewell" in 1635, and took the freeman's 
oath the same year. Rev, John Norton, brother 
of William, born in 1605, probably in London, 
emigrated to Massachusetts Bay in 1635, short- 
ly after graduating from Cambridge, and locat- 
ed in Ipswich. In 1656 he became pastor of 
the First Church in Boston, and was noted for 
his piety and learning. Nicholas Norton, who 
is thought to have come from the county of 
Herts, was of Weymouth, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1638, removed to Martha's 'Vineyard, 
and his descendants are still found there. A 
Francis Norton was admitted a freeman at 
Weymouth in 1642. Major Peter Norton, an 
efficient officer in the revolutionary war, was a 
son of Ebenezer, grandson of Joseph, and 
great-grandson of Joseph, the Martha's Vine- 
yard settler. 

(I) Nicholas Norton was born in 1610, in 
England, and settled in Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts, among the pioneers. February 20, 1639, 
he bought of Richard Standerwick, of Broad- 
way, Somersetshire, a clothier, all the cattle in 
the hands of Mr. Hull, in New England. He 
was a prominent citizen and held various town 
offices. He removed to Martha's Vineyard, 
and died there in 1690, aged eighty years. Chil- 
dren : Joseph, mentioned below; Nicholas; 
Isaac, born at Weymouth, May 3, 1641 ; Jacob, 
March i, 1644. 

(II) Joseph Norton, born about 1640, was 
a son of Nicholas Norton, and may have been 
a nephew of some of the other immigrants 
mentioned in a preceding paragraph, though no 
actual proof of relationship has been found. 
He settled in Salisbury, Massachusetts, in the 
vicinity of which the Nortons named above 



settled. He took the oath of allegiance and 
fidelity in 1677, and was a soldier against the 
Indians in 1697. He died November 16, 1721, 
at Salisbury. He married, March 10, 1662, 
Susanna, daughter of Samuel and Dorcas 
Getchell, who died his widow .August 19, 1724. 
Children, all born at Salisbury: i. Son, 1662, 
died young. 2. Samuel, October 11, 1663; a 
soldier in service at Wells, Maine, in 1696. 3. 
Joseph, August 14, 1665. 4. Priscilla, Decem- 
ber 16, 1667; married John, son of Robert 
Ring. 5. Solomon, mentioned below. 6. Ben- 
jamin, March 24, 1671-72, died October, 1693. 
7. Caleb, June 25, 1675 : married, March 6, 
1699- 1 700, Susanna Frame; was a soldier in 
1697-98, and subsequently removed to Bruns- 
wick, Maine. 8. Flower, November 21, 1677. 
9. Joshua, October 13, 1680, died January 22, 
1692-93. 

(III) Solomon, fourth son of Joseph and 
Susanna (Getchell) Norton, was born January 
31, 1670, in Salisbury, and resided in that 
town, where he died May 2, 1721. His wife 
bore the baptismal name of Sarah, and they 
had children in Salisbury: Miriam, born De- 
cember 4, 1695; Benjamin, mentioned below; 
John, January 14. 1701 ; Maria, November 9, 
1704; Gideon, August i, 171 1. 

(IV) Benjamin, eldest son of Solomon and 
Sarah Norton, was born February 24, 1699, 
in Salisbury, and settled in Newbury, where 
he died February 27, 1756. He married (first) 
in Newbury, June 14, 1722, Margaret Richard- 
son, born September 27, 1699, in Newbury, 
daughter of Joseph and Margaret (Godfrey) 
Richardson, and died there November 11, 
1742. There were six children of this mar- 
riage: Judith. 1723; Joshua, November 4, 
1728: Hannah, died young; Benjamin, August 
II, 1734, died young; Hannah, March 5, 1737; 
Miriam, August 6, 1739. Benjamin Norton 
married (second) December 5, 1744, Mercy 
Shute, born April 18, 1710, in Maiden, Massa- 
chusetts, daughter of Richard and Lydia Shute. 
Children recorded in Newbury: Mary, born 
September 12, 1745; Benjamin, mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, May 24, 1751. 

(V) Benjamin (2), third son of Benjamin 
( I ) Norton and second child of his second 
wife, Mary Shute, was born January 16, 1747, 
in Newbury, and died April 28, 1816, in New- 
buryport. He was a private in the brigantine 
"Freedom," commanded by Captain John 
Clouston, in June, 1776. He married, Novem- 
ber 26, 1775, in Newburyport, Sarah Wyatt, 
born February 7, baptized February 8, 1776, 
in the Third Church of Newbury, daughter of 
John Wyatt, and died March 7, 1834, in New- 
buryport. Children: Benjamin, born July 21, 
1777; Joshua, died young; Sarah, November 



NEW ENGLAND. 



39 



3, 1780; Hannah, August 11, 1782; Catherine, 
February 27, 1784; Joshua, January 5, 1786; 
Stephen, January 8, 1788; Mary Brown, C)cto- 
ber 31, 1790; William, January 8, 1792; Eliza- 
beth, February 18, 1794; Daniel, mentioned 
below; Charles, May 4, 1798, the last not on 
Xevvburj'port records. 

(\'I) Daniel, sixth son of Benjamin (2) 
and Sarah (Wyatt) Norton, was born Febru- 
ary 18, 1796, in Newburyport, and was engaged 
in the sailmaking business during the greater 
part of his active career. He removed to Bos- 
ton about 1830, and died at Melrose, Massa- 
chusetts, August 3. 1884. He married (first) in 
Newburyport, August 19, 1819, Jane Cheever, 
born there July 17, 1801, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Hidden) Cheever, and died Octo- 
ber 2, 1820, in Newburyport. Their only 
child, Jane, born September 9, 1820, died 1897, 
married Samuel Francis Hunt, of Cambridge, 
who died the same year; they had four chil- 
dren: Charlotte Jane, born June 30, 1846; 
Francis Edgar, June 20, 1848, married Re- 
becca Franklin Nickerson, January 15, 1885; 
Abigail Elizabeth, died in second year ; x\lfred 
Herbert, September 15, 1861, married, April 

4, 1900, Kathryn Cecilia Kyle, of Brooklyn, 
New York, and has children: Alfred Herbert, 
bom June i, 1901 ; William Edgar, July 11, 
1906 ; both in Colorado Springs, Colorado. 
Daniel Norton married (second) in Newbury- 
port, March 20, 1822, Mary Carr, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1800, on Carr's Island, Newburyport, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Levi and Mary 
(Putnam) Carr, and died in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, August 2, 1877. Mary (Carr) 
Norton was a lineal descendant of George 
Carr, one of the Mayflower colony, who was 
born about 1598-99 in England, and was ship 
carpenter on the Mayflower. He married 
(first) in England, Lucinda Davenport, who 
came to .America with him and was one of the 
forty-one who died at Plymouth in the suc- 
ceeding winter. A few years later he settled 
at Ipswich, Massachusetts, where he was found 
of record as early as 1633 and had a house lot 
in 1635. He removed to Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts, where he received land in the first 
division in that town in 1640-41-44, and his 
name appears in most of the early lists of citi- 
zens. In 1640 the town granted him Carr's 
Island, and he established a ferry there in 
1641. In 1662 it was agreed that he should 
have a common right in .\mesbury when any 
of his sons came to live there, and he received 
land in 1668. The records give him the title 
of "Mr.," which was given in those days only 
to the most prominent citizens. He agreed to 
keep the ferry in .-Amesbury at Goodwin's 
Landing in .April, 1670. He died .April 4, 



1682, in Salisbury. He had married (second) 
Elizabeth, supposed to have been a daughter 
of Elder Thomas Oliver, of Boston, as James 
Oliver, the latter's son, is spoken of in the 
records as a brother-in-law of George Carr. 
She survived him, was a member of the Salis- 
bury church in 1687, and died May 6, 1691. 
Her will was made March 18, 1684, and proved 
June 30, following her death. Children : Eliz- 
abeth, George, Richard (died young), Will- 
iam, James, Mary, Sarah, John, Richard and 
.Anne. Daniel and Mary (Carr) Norton had 
children: 2. Daniel, born June 4, 1823, died 
March, 1900; married Hannah Higgins, of 
Charlestown, who died in 1897; children: i. 
Ellen Wade, died at the age of twenty-three 
years; ii. Alice May, born May 22, 1857, mar- 
ried John Randall Heath, of' Jamaica Plain, 
Massachusetts, and had a son Donald, born 
June 24, 1883; iii. Ada L., June 16, 1859, mar- 
ried Winthrop Messenger, of Melrose, Massa- 
chusetts, and has children : a. Winthrop Nor- 
ton, born October i, 1883; b. Stuart, February 
14, 1891 ; c. Hazel, September 17, 1893. 3. 
Mary Elizabeth, June 29, 1826; married (^first) 
January 31, 1847, Allen F. Eastman, who died 
March 6, 1890; their daughter, Mae Aphia, 
died in her second year. She married (sec- 
ond) December 18, 1902, John Mitchel Osgood, 
who died October 14. 1908. 3. .Clarissa .Ann, 
February 12, 1829, died June 24, 1909; mar- 
ried July 31, 1857, Edward John Norris, died 
1906; children: i. Walter Eliott, died in fourth 
month; ii. Webster, born October 20, 1859; 
married Margaret Stetson ; iii. Clara .Augusta, 
November 21, 1861, married .Arthur E. Rob- 
erts, and had daughters : Marjorie, born De- 
cember 2j, 1890, and Emma Norris, died in 
second year; iv. George Lincoln, January 11, 
1866, married Rachel Parker; v. Walter 
Henry, March 6, 1870, married July 6, 1897, 
Effie Louise Shapleigh, and has children : a. 
Elizabeth, born .August 8, 1898; b. Katherine, 
June 7, 190 1 ; c. Edward John. March 21, 
1908; d. Emerson Shapleigh, October 31, 191 1 ; 
vi. Emma Josephine, February 5, 1874, died 
1910. 4. Hannah Bartlet, .August 24, 1832; 
married January 15, 1852, Thomas L. Sum- 
mers: died January 16, 1854. 5. James Carr, 
February 9, 1835, died at age of twelve days. 
6. Sarah, .August 15, 1836: married October 5, 
1856, Thomas L. Summers, who died January 
II, 1886: children: i. Hannah Frances, born 
July 5, 1857; married .March 26. 1890, William 
Merritt; ii. .Arthur Warren. May 21, 1859; 
married Alabel Bond, and has children : Grace 
B., born March 31, 1897; .Arline W., Decem- 
ber 7, 1898; .Arthur Warren, .April 18, 1902; 
iii. Mary Eunette, February 24, 1864. 7. Car- 
oline Duntlin, .August 2, 1839 ; married Thomas 



40 



NEW ENGLAND. 



W. Griffith ; children : i. Mary Eliza, born Jan- 
uary 8, 1866, married. August 12. 1890, James 
Arthur Crawford, and had children: Allen 
F. E., died in sixteenth year: Phebe Hooper, 
born March 12, 1896: ii. William Henry, De- 
cember 13, 1868; married October 2, 1890, 
Abbie Boston, and has children : Emory, born 
March 28, 1891 ; Florence May, January 23, 
1893; Harold. February 21, 1895; Ralph, De- 
cember 21. 1898. 8. William Edward, men- 
tioned below. 

(Vll) William Edward, youngest child of 
Daniel and Mary (Carr) Norton, was born 
June 28, 1843, in Boston, and was educated 
in the public schools of Charlestown. For a 
number of years he attended the Lowell Insti- 
tute science lectures and art classes, and was 
one of the founders of the life classes at that 
institute. Mr. George Hollingsworth and Mr. 
Carleton. art instructors there, were Mr. Nor- 
ton's first teachers in art. He studied anatomy 
under Dr. Rimmer, of Boston, and also pur- 
sued that subject in the Harvard Medical 
School, the Royal Academy in London and the 
Beau.x Arts in Paris. When quite young he 
learned the trade of house sign and decorative 
painting, but his wonderful artistic talent fitted 
him for more interesting and higher work. 
When a mere boy he manifested a talent for 
art and had a wonderful knack- of drawing, 
especially of horses and ships. In order to 
satisfy his craving for knowledge of ships and 
the ocean, he went to sea as a sailor. Return- 
ing to Boston he studied painting under the 
lenowned George Inness, of that city, and 
took a studio, soon becoming known as a 
marine painter. He made two more voyages 
as a sailor prior to going to London, England. 
in 1877, and in 1878 exhibited three pictures 
at the Royal Academy, following which he 
went to Paris for further study under Jacques- 
son de la Chevreuse and .\. \'ollen, and at the 
Beaux .^rts. Some three or four years later 
he visited Italy and other parts of Europe and 
afterwards opened a studio in [,ondon, where 
he lived until 1902. .At the Salon in Paris in 
1895, Mr. Norton received honorable mention, 
and while in Europe he was a constant and 
regular exhibitor in the Royal .Academy in 
London, in the Paris Salon, and in many of 
the public art galleries of other countries. In 
the L'nited States he has been awarded three 
gold medals for his work, besides two Osborne 
prizes, S500 each, and the Jordan prize. $1,000. 
Since 1902 he has been a resident of New 
York City, his studio being located at No. 193 1 
Broadway. Mr. Norton's paintings have been 
chiefly marine views and scenes pertaining to 
and having to do with the sea and sailors. 
One of his well-known paintings is "The Eng- 



lish Channel," which adorns the Chamber of 
Commerce at Boston, and he also painted the 
celebrated picture entitled, "Fight of the Ala- 
bama and Kearsarge," which is owned by the 
Historical Society of Portland, Maine. "Fish 
Market, Dieppe France," which hangs in the 
public library at Maiden, Massachusetts, was 
executed by him, as was also "Crossing the 
Grand Banks," which is in' the Abbot Hall, 
Marblehead, Massachusetts. Essex Hall, Sa- 
lem, Boston Art Club, Boston Athletic Club, 
and Black Heath Art Club of London own 
examples of his work. Three more of his 
famous pictures are: "The Thames from Lon- 
don Bridge"; "Tranquillity"; "Midst Fog and 
Ice." In political conviction Mr. Norton is a 
stalwart Republican, and in religious matters 
he is independent. He is affiliated with the 
Masonic fraternity, having been made a Mason 
in Winslow Lewis Lodge at Boston, in 1877. 
He is a member of the Salamagimdi Club of 
New York, and the Boston Art Club, and was 
formerly a member of the Natural History 
Society, Papyrus Oub, and the Boston Yacht 
Club of Boston. He is a member of the Na- 
tional Geographic Society of Washington, D. C. 
He married, September 23, 1868. Sarah Dor- 
cas Ryan, of Grand Manan, New Brunswick, 
Canada, where he passed several summers 
sketching the rugged and picturesque scenery 
of that locality. Mrs. Norton was born Octo- 
ber 3, 1846, and died in New York, May 15, 
1904. Children: Gertrude Maud, born Octo- 
ber 27, 1871, in Charlestown, Massachusetts: 
Florence Edith, July i, 1879, in Paris France. 



The surname Kinney is ident- 

KINNEY ical with Kenney, Kenny, Keney, 

Kinnee, Kene and Keny. and 

the spelling is found varied still more in the 

earlv records. 

f I) Henry Kinney, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in 1624. of English ancestry in Holland. 
.According to some accounts he was born in 
Norfolk, England, but came from Holland to 
.America. He was first at Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, where he was placed in apprentice- 
ship to William Park, of Ro.xbury, by Vincent 
Potter, probably a relative. Kinney removed 
thence to Salem, Massachusetts, about 1653. 
His wife .Ann was admitted to the Salem 
church. .August 24, 1654. Children and dates 
of bqptism : John. September 10, 1654: Mary, 
July 3, 1659; Sarah, June 29, 1662; Elizabeth, 
May I, 1664: child. May 12, 1666; Thomas, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas, son of Henry Kinney, was 
born at Salem, January r, 1655-56. in what 
is now Danvers, Massachusetts. He resided 
at Salem village, now Danvers. He married, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



May 23, 1677, Elizabeth Knight, who died in 
1694. Among their children was Thomas, 
who removed to Preston, Connecticut, in 1715 ; 
Joseph, mentioned below. 

(III) Joseph, son of Thomas Kinney, was 
born at Salem, September 7, 1680, died in 
1745. He came to Preston, Connecticut, in 
1706, was a farmer at Preston, and his farm 
adjoined that of his brother Thomas. He was 
captain in the colonial troops in the Indian 
wars. He married, in 1704, at Salem, Keziah 
Peabody, born 1686, at Topsfield, died at Pres- 
ton, daughter of Jacob and Abigail (Towne) 
Peabody, of Topsfield, granddaughter of Fran- 
cis Peabody, the immigrant. Children, baptized 
at Preston (church records) : Abigail, Septem- 
ber 15, 1706; Jacob, July 2. 1707; Zipporah, 
May 8, 1709; Daniel, July 8, 171 1 ; Child, Oc- 
tober 18. 1713; Eunice, .\pril i, 1716; Joseph, 
mentioned below; Ezra, September 20, 1727. 

(IV) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Kin- 
ney, was born at Preston, Connecticut, bap- 
tized there May 4, 1718, died in Vermont. He 
married (first) at Preston, now Griswold, 
Sarah Blunt, who died in 1754. He married 
(second) 1755, at Norwich, Jemima (New- 
comb) Lamb, born in 1730. at Lebanon, Con- 
necticut, died in Vermont, daughter of Heze- 
kiah and Jerusha (Bradford) Newcomb, and 
widow of Jonathan Lamb, of Norwich. She 
was a descendant of Governor William Brad- 
ford, who came in the "Mayflower." She was 
admitted to the church at Preston with her hus- 
band. May 30, 1756. They came thither from 
the East Norwich Church. Children, baptized 
at Preston (church records) : Joseph, May 30, 
1756; Jonathan, September 25, 1757; Daniel, 
October 28, 1759; Jonathan, mentioned below; 
David, June 13, 1762; Bradford, mentioned 
below. 

(V) Rev. Jonathan Kinney, son of Joseph 
(2) Kinney, was baptized at Preston, Con- 
necticut, June 13, 1762. He removed to Ver- 
mont with his parents. He lived for ten years 
at Bethel, Vermont. In 1793 he came to Plain- 
field, Vermont, and began to clear a farm on 
Lot No. 4, working through the week and 
spending his Sundays at the home of Seth 
Freeman. He built a frame house in 1794 
nearly opposite the H. Q. Perry house, and his 
was the first frame house in the town of Plain- 
field. In February, 1795, his family moved 
into the new house. He was the first minister 
of the Congregational church. He died at Ber- 
lin in 1838. Deacon Justus Kinney afterward 
lived on his farm. Justus, a child of Rev. 
Jonathan Kinney was the first person buried 
in the town. He died March 6, 1796. David, 
another child, is mentioned below. 

(V) Judge Bradford Kinney, brother of 



Rev. Jonathan Kinney, was baptized at Pn 
ton, Connecticut, September 15, 1765. H 
came to Vermont with the family during or 
just after the revolution. He lived at Royal- 
ton until about 1795 when he came to Plain- 
field, Vermont, and settled. He was the first 
representative to the legislature ; magistrate 
and a citizen of prominence. The Vermont 
revolutionary rolls show that Peabody, Jesse, 
Jacob, Daniel, Benoni and Seth Kinney (or 
Kenney) were soldiers and all were of this 
family. Seth was also in a Connecticut regi- 
ment. 

(VI) David, son of Rev. Jonathan Kinney, 
was born at Plainfield, Vermont, October 29, 
1787. He was educated in the public schools, 
and followed farming in his native town. He 
married and among his children was William 
Henry, mentioned below. 

(VII) William Henry, son of David Kin- 
ney, was born at Plainfield, X'ermont, May 11, 
1836, and is now living in that town. He was 
educated there in the public schools, and fol- 
lowed farming all his active life. In religion 
he is a Congregationalist, and in politics a Re- 
publican. He married Sarah Jane, daughter 
of Rev. Joel Fisk (see Fisk XIII). 

(Vni) William Chapman, son of William 
Henry Kinney, was born at Plainfield. X'er- 
mont, October 29, 1864. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town and at 
St. Johnsbury .Academy. X'ermont, entering 
Dartmouth College in 1883 and graduating 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the class 
of 1887. He then became clerk in the Han- 
over National Bank, and subsequently in a 
similar position in the National Bank of Com- 
merce of New York City. Thence he entered 
the employ of the well-known banking firm 
of Har\'ey Fisk & Sons, New York, January 
I, 1888, and he is now cashier of the house. 
He is a member of the Dartmouth College 
Club of New York City, the Vermont Society 
of New York, the Union League Club of New 
York and the New England Society of New 
York. His home is at Plainfield. New Jersey, 
and he is a member of the board of health of 
that city, and president of the Muhlenburg 
Hospital of Plainfield. He is secretary and 
treasurer of the Greeley Square Realty Com- 
pany of New York, and secretary and assistant 
treasurer of the Hudson Companies of New 
York. He is a member of the Crescent .Ave- 
nue Presbyterian Church of Plainfield. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

He married, December 10, 1890. Belle Har- 
riet, born fanuary 7. 1866, daughter of John 
H. and .Ann E. George, of East Hardwick, 
\'ermont. Children: George Montgomery, 
born at Plainfield, February 29. 1892, died 



42 



NEW ENGLAND. 



May, 1897; William Chapman, born at Plain- 
field, New Jersey, June 7, igcx). 

(The FIsk Line). 

The surname Fisk or Fiske has been in use ■ 
from the earliest times in England. The rec- 
ords show that in May, 1208, the Duke of 
Lorraine granted land in Digneveton Park, to 
the men of La.xfield. the list including one 
Daniel Fisc, who is supposed to have been the 
grandfather of Lord S_\Tnond Fisk. from whom 
the .American family is descended, as given 
below. 

(I) Lord Symond Fisk was proprietor of 
the Manor of Stadhaugh, parish of Laxfield. 
Suffolk, England, 1390-1422. He married 
(first) Susannah Smith, (second) Katharine 

. His will was proved at Norwich, 

February' 26, 1463-64. Children: William, 
married Joan Lynne ; Jeffrey, married Mar- 
garet ; John: Edmund, married ^Mar- 

gery : Margaret, married E>ow- 

sing or Dowling. 

(H) William, son of Lord Symond Fisk, 
was bom at Stadhaugh. He married Joan 
Lynne, of Norfolk. He died before his wife, 
who made her will, July 13, 1504, which was 
proved February 28, 1505. Children : Thomas, 
William, .Augustine. Simon, mentioned below : 
Robert, John, Margery. Margaret. 

(HI) Simon, son of William Fisk, was 
born at Laxfield. His will was dated July 10, 
1536, and proved July 13, i;-?8. He died in 

June, 1538. He married Elizabeth , 

who died in Halesworth. June, 1558. Chil- 
dren: Simon, mentioned below; William, 
Robert, Toan. Jeffrey. Gelyne, .^gnes, Thomas, 
Elizabeth. John. 

(W) Simon (2). son of Simon (i) Fisk, 
was bom in Laxfield. His will was dated 
January 26, 1603, and he died that vear. Chil- 
dren : Robert. John. George. Nicholas. Jeffrey, 
Jeremy. William, Richard. Joan, Gelyne, ."Xgnes. 

(Vj Robert, son of Simon (2) Fisk, was 
born at Stadhaugh about 1323. died in 1600, 
and his will was proved July 28, 1600. He 
married Mrs. Svbil f Gould) Barber. For 
some time he lived in the parish of St. James, 
South Elmham, England. Sybil, his wife, was 
in great danger at the time of the religious 
persecution, i353-;8. as well as her sister. Isa- 
bella (born Gould), who was confined in the 
castle of Norwich, and escaped death only 
through the intervention of her brothers. Rob- 
ert Fisk fled to Geneva during the reign of 
Bloody Mary, on account of the religious faith 
that he held. The progenv of three sons set- 
tled in New England. Children : William. Jef- 
frey, Thomas. Eleazer. died in England in 
1615 ; Elizabeth, married Robert Bernard. 



(VI) William, son of Robert Fisk, was 
born in La.xfield, in 1566. He married (first) 
Anna, daughter of Walter Anstye, of Tibben- 
ham, county Norfolk, England. He married 

(second) Alice . He also had to leave 

his home on account of his religion. His will 
was proved May 17, 1623. Children: John, 
mentioned below ; Nathaniel, Eleazer, Eunice. 
Hannah, Hester, Mary. 

(VII) John, son of William Fisk, was born 
at St. James, England, died in 1633. He mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Robert Lantersee. Chil- 
dren : John, born 1601 : William, mentioned be- 
low : .Anne, married Francis Chickering; Mar- 
tha, married Captain Edmund Thompson ; Na- 
than, died in infancy: Eleazer, born in Eng- 
land. 

(VIII) William (2), son of John Fisk, and 
the immigrant ancestor, was bom in England 
about 1613, and came to this country in 1637. 
He had a grant of land in Salem, Alassachu- 
setts, that year, and was freeman. May 18, 

1642. Soon after he removed to Wenham, 
where he was first town clerk, 1643-60. In 
1647 he was elected representative to the gen- 
eral court and was reelected until 1652. In 
1643 he received permission to keep an ordi- 
nary, and in 1646 was licensed to "sell wine 
and strong water." He married at Salem. 

1643, Bridgett Muskett, of Pelham, England. 
.After his death, 1634, she married ("second) 
November 4, 1661. Thomas Rix, of Salem, sur- 
geon. He died suddenly September, 1654, and 
letters of administration were granted his 
widow, July 16. 1634. Children : William, 
mentioned below : Samuel, bom in Wenham, 
married Phebe Bragge and Hannah .\llen ; 
Joseph, married Elizabeth Haman : Beniamin, 
married Bethusha Morse ; Martha, born in 
Wenham. 

(IX) Deacon William (3) Fisk. son of 
Hon. William (2) Fisk, was baptized in Wen- 
ham, June 4, 1642-43, died February 5, 1728. 
He married there, January 13, 1662, Sarah 
Kilham, born 164Q, died January 26, 1737, 
daughter of Austin Kilham, the immigrant, 
who settled in Wenham before 1643; married 

Alice . William Fisk was a weaver by 

trade and held a number of town offices : repre- 
sentative. 1701-04-11-13-14 : moderator, 1702- 
03-12-13-14. He was called lieutenant, and 
was elected deacon of the church in 1679. Chil- 
dren : Sarah, born February 3, 1664; Ruth, 
March 2. 1666: Samuel, May 8, 1667, died 
young: Martha. May 5, 1668; Joseph, Febru- 
ary 10, 1669, died young : Samuel. February 
16, 1670: Joseph, April 14, 1672: Benjamin, 
March 22, 1674; Theophilus, July 28, 1676: 
Ebenezer, Febriiary 10. 1677, <i'ed June 7, 
1678: Ebenezer, mentioned below; Jonathan, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



•I.? 



July 22, i68i, died February 14, 1705; Eliza- 
beth, December 12. 1684. 

(X) Ebenezer, son of Deacon William (3) 
Fisk, was bom in Wenham, March 22, 1679, 
died September 30, 1771. He was a farmer by 
occupation, and held various town offices. He 
was elected deacon. May 16, 1739, and resign- 
ed "by reason of age" in 1758. He married 
(first) in Wenham, May 24, 1710, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jacob Fuller, of Salem, from 
whom was descended the celebrated Margaret 
Fuller. She was born 1686, died August 25, 

1732. He married (second) December i, 

1733, Mrs. Martha Kimball, who died March 
28, 1764. Children: Sarah, born July 15, 171 1 ; 
Jonathan, December 11, 1713; Ebenezer, men- 
tioned below; Elizabeth, October 12, 1718; 
Jacob, December 26, 1721 ; Mary, January 27, 
1723; William, November 30, 1726; Mercy, 
March 9, 1728; Lucy, April 22. 1732. 

(XI) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i) 
Fisk, was born in Wenham, Massachusetts, 
July 2, 1716, died in 1804. He was one of the 
first settlers of Shelburne. Massachusetts. 
about 1760, and its first constable. Before 
settling in the latter town, he had lived in Up- 
ton, Grafton and Hardwick, Massachusetts. 
He married, in Upton, Massachusetts, January 
28, 1739, Dorcas Tyler, an aunt of President 
John Tyler. Children : Dorcas, born October 
17, 1640; Elizabeth, January 28, 1743; Jona- 
than, September 17, 1746; Ebenezer, Septem- 
ber 9, 1749; Levi, December 16, 1751 ; Abigail, 
October 7, 1755; John, September 27, 1757, 
Grafton; Simeon, July 15, 1762, Hardwick; 
Moses, mentioned below. 

(XH) Deacon Moses Fisk, son of Eben- 
ezer (2) Fisk, was born September 13, 1764, 
in Shelburne, died February 5, 1847. He 
married, June 2, 1789, Hannah Batchelor, born 
in Upton, May 14, 1770, died in Waitsfield, 
Vermont, in 1854. He settled in Waitsfield, 
where he and his wife were among the original 
members of the Congregational church. Of 
this church he was a deacon for fifty-five 
years. Children: Joel, born July 16, 1790, 
died July 18, 1795; Perrin, July 6, 1792; 
Moses, July 25, 1794; Joel, mentioned below; 
Harvey, April 12, 1799; Lyman, October 15, 
1801 ; Betsey, May 8, 1804; Anson, October 
31, 1806: Jonathan, May 6, 1809; Elvira Eliza, 
August 20, 181 1 (twin) ; Horace Alonzo 
(twin), August 20, 1811; Emily, January 12, 
1817. 

(Xni) Rev. Joel Fisk, son of Deacon Moses 
Fisk, was born in Waitsfield, Vermont, Octo- 
ber 26, 1796, died December 16, 1856. He 
fitted for college at Montpelier Academy, read 
theology with Rev. Charles Walker, of Rut- 
land, Vermont, 1825-26, and graduated from 



Middlebury College, Vermont, in 1825. H'. 
was settled successively at Monkton, Vermont, 
1826-30; New Haven, Vermont, 1830-32; Es- 
se.x. New York, 1832-44 ; as missionary at 
Phillipsburg, Canada East, 1844-45, and Plain- 
field, \'ermont, where he died. He married, 
October 15, 1826, Clarinda Chapman, born 
June 21, 1803, died January 15, 1878. Chil- 
dren: Pliny, born May 10, 1828; Clarinda 
Chapman, November 27, 1829; Harvey, April 
26, 1831 ; Sarah Jane, December 12, 1835, mar- 
ried William Henry Kinney (see Kinney VH) ; 
Mary L, April 9, 1838: Daniel C, November, 
1840; Richard Henry, November 17, 1842. 



Joseph Richards married 
RICHARDS Agnes , who was bur- 
ied March 31, 1608. They 
lived in North Leigh, Oxfordshire, England. 

(II) William, son of Joseph Richards, was 
baptized May 20, 1586. He lived in North 
Leigh, Oxfordshire, England. His wife died 
about July 18, 1632. 

(III) Dr. Joseph (2) Richards, of New- 
gate, in the parish of Whitney and county of 
Oxford, England, son of William Richards, 
was baptized April 2j, 1628, died in 1710-11. 
He was the immigrant ancestor, and he settled 
on five hundred acres of land near Chester, 
Delaware county, Pennsylvania. His will is 
recorded in Philadelphia, dated July 6, 1710- 
II, proved February 16, 1711-12. In his will 
he mentioned his children and grandchildren. 
He was buried at Old Chichester, Delaware- 
county, Pennsylvania. He married Jane . 

Children: Joseph, married Mary ; Na- 
thaniel, mentioned below ; Ann. married (first) 
Anthony Weaver, and (second) Humphrey 
Scarlott ; Susanna, married James Lowne, and 
had four or more children. 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of Dr. Joseph (2) 
Richards, died in 1700. His will was dated 
December 26, 1699. He married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Richard Mason. Children: William, 
probably died young ; Nathaniel, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth,, married, about 1716, Roger 
Kirk ; Mary, probably died young. 

(V) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
Richards, was probably the only son in this 
generation to continue the family name. He 
died in 1730. He married Margaret, who died 
December 5, 1796, aged ninety, widow of 
William Carpenter. She left one hundred and 
thirteen descendants. She was daughter of 
.-Mien and Sarah ( ?) Wiley, and was born 
about 1706. Children: William Richards, 
married (first) .April 13, 175 1, Joanna Jenkins, 
and (second) May 10, 1759, Jane Miller ; 
Nathaniel ; Isaac, mentioned below. 

(VI) Isaac, son of -Nathaniel (2) Richards, 



44 



NEW ENGLAND. 



was born in 1727, died in 1821, aged ninety- 
four. He was only three years old when his 
father died. He married (first) January 17. 
1753, ^lary Gregg, of Hockessing. She was 
daughter of Thomas Gregg, who married, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1729, Dinah Harlan, and who died 
September i, 1748; Dinah was daughter of 
Michael, died 1729, and Dinah (Di.xon) Har- 
lan, married January, 1690; Dinah Dixon was 
daughter of Henry Dixon; Michael Harlan 
was son of James Harlan. Thomas Gregg was 
son of John, born about 1668, died 1738; mar- 
ried, 1694, Elizabeth, daughter of and 

Elizabeth (Fox) Cocke: John Gregg was son 
of William, who died July i, 1687. Isaac 
Richards married (second) November 10, 
1763, Rebecca Miller. Children by first wife: 
I. Thomas, mentioned below. 2. Nathaniel, 
born September 21, 1756. 3. Isaac, born April 
18, 1759. died June 22, 1854: remained on 
homestead at Toughkenamon, Pennsylvania: 
married (first) Ann Pusey, and (second) 
Tamsen Hoopes. 4. William, born January 
17, 1761. 5. Mary, March i, 1762. 6. Lydia, 
twin of Mary. 

(VII) Thomas, son of Isaac Richards, was 
born June 10, 1755, died February 8, 1837, 
aged eighty-two years. He moved to Cecil 
county, Maryland, taking his family, about 
1795. He married, September 23, 1779, at 
Uwchlan Meeting. Hannah Cox, born about 
1753, died August 7, 1823, aged seventy years, 
daughter of Lawrence and Sarah (Edge) 
■ Co.x ; Lawrence Cox is said to have come from 
England to Willistown, where he died about 
1760: he married at Middletown Meeting, Feb- 
ruary 5, 1739, his second wife Sarah, who died 
December 6, 1805, daughter of John and Mary 
(Smedley) Edge; John Edge was born May. 
1685, died about 1734, married, August, 1709, 
Mary, born February 3. 1690. daughter of 
George Smedley, died 1723. and Sarah Kitchin. 
married 1687 ; John Edge was son of John and 
Jane Edge ; and this John who was born about 
1646, died May 10, 171 1, was son of George 
Edge. Children: i. Sarah, born 1781, died 
1828; married, May 18, 1797, William Moore, 
born February 24, 1771. 2. Isaac, born 1783, 
died December 15, 1832 ; married Lydia Wood, 
born 1774, died June 19, 1839. 3. Hannah, 
born September ig. 1785, died November 25, 
1859: married. 1819, Samuel Taylor, born 
.April 2, 1768, died .April 22, 1852, son of 
Elisha and Elizabeth Taylor; children: Isaac 
R., Samuel H., Sarah. 4. Thomas, mentioned 
below. 5. Mary, born May 7, 1790, died Feb- 
ruary 14, 1828: married. .September 13, 1819. 
.Abraham Metcalf. son of .Abraham and Mary 
Metcaif. 6. Jacob, born September 4, 1793, 
died August 6, 1881 ; married, November 4, 



1819, Sarah B. Taylor, of Kennett; died March 
7, 1868. 7. Rachel, born November 16, 1798; 
married, 1823, Mahlon McMillan, son of 
Thomas and Ruth (Moore) McMillan. 

(VIII) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Richards, was born November 11, 1787, died 
October 9, 1868, aged eighty-one. He married, 
April 14, 1814, Orpah Stubbs (see Stubbs). 
Children: i. Ruth Hannah, born May 20, 1816, 
died February 3, 1909; married Amos Preston, 
died August 27. 1875, and had two sons, 
Thomas and Albert W., and a daughter Eliza- 
beth. 2. Isaac Stubbs. mentioned below. 3. 
Joanna .A., born July 10, 1822, died 1855 ; mar- 
ried Isaac Jackson. 

(IX) Isaac Stubbs, son of Thomas (2) 
Richards, was born September 7, 1819, died 
April 19. 1864. He married, March 11, 1841, 
at Oxford, Chester county, Pennsylvania, 
Mercy .Ann Reynolds (see Reynolds VI). 
Children: i. Ruthanna, born 1843, <^'^d March 
6, 1896 ; married Joseph R. Coates, born May 
12, 1834. 2. Joseph Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Louis Henry, born 1847, <^'ed 1895; 
married, October 29, 1885, Rebecca William- 
son : child. Arthur Louis. 4. Isaac Stubbs, 
born 1848, died August 19, 1880; married, 
February 25. 1874, Margaret Deal, and had 
no children. 5. Jacob Granville, born 1851 ; 
married (first) December 26. 1872, Jennie Eliz- 
abeth Langdon. and (second) Mae V. Penn- 
ington: had four sons by first wife, William, 
Harry F., Joseph T. and Hampton, and three 
daughters and one son by second wife, Mae 
Ruth. Josephine Mercy. Granville P. and Mar- 
garet S. 6. William Franklin, born January 
12, 1855, died July 19, 1859. 7. Mercy Ann. 
born and died September 24, 1859. 

(X) Joseph Thomas, son of Isaac Stubbs 
Richards, was born near Rising Sun, Mary- 
land, February 12. 1845. He was educated 
largely at the West Nottingham Academy, 
Maryland, Rev. S. A. Gayley, president, and 
George K. Bechtel, a graduate of Princeton 
College, principal, and finishing at Polytechnic 
College of Pennsylvania, of which Dr. .A. L. 
Kennedy was then president. After master- 
ing the profession of civil engineering, he en- 
tered the employ of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company in 1869 as a rodman and transit- 
man during the construction of the railroad 
shops at .Altoona, Pennsylvania. He was made 
supervisor of a division of the main line from 
Harrisburg to Newport in 1870, leaving this 
position in 1871 to become chief engineer of 
the Kent County railroad, on the Eastern Shore 
of Maryland. After the construction was 
completed the board of directors elected him 
to fill the position of superintendent, secretary 
and auditor. He managed the railroad for 



NEW ENGLAND. 



45 



about one year, and returned to the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad in 1873 ^s chief of locating 
engineers for the surveys of three routes over 
the Allegheny Mountains, intended to form 
a connecting link between the Bexlford division 
and the main line at Altoona and Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania. After finishing the surveys, 
with estimates of cost, the work was abandon- 
ed because of a financial panic in 1874, and he 
resigned and accepted the position of mining 
engineer for the Cambria Iron Company at 
Johnstown, Pennsylvania. He returned to the 
Pennsylvania railroad in 1875. He was for 
one year supervisor of the main line from 
Newport to Granville, and early in 1876 was 
promoted to be assistant engineer in charge of 
constructing the system of tracks, bridges and 
stations for the Philadelphia Centennial Ex- 
position. .\fter the Centennial year he was 
appointed principal assistant engineer of the 
L'nited New Jersey Railroad and Canal Com- 
pany, with office at Jersey City, New Jersey, 
continuing in that position until 1883, when he 
was made assistant to the chief engineer with 
office at Philadelphia. In 1885 his title was 
changed to assistant chief engineer. In 1893 
the maintenance of way department of the 
railroad was created and he was made the 
engineer to organize and manage this depart- 
ment, including all lines east of Pittsburgh 
and Erie to New York and Washington, be- 
coming chief engineer of the department for 
the entire system in 1903. This position made 
him the operating engineer for the company 
and a staff officer of the general manager, and 
besides caring for the buildings and tracks, he 
had charge of such construction work as came 
under the department of the general manager. 
Mr. Richards has been deemed an authority 
on railroad engineering, both in construction 
and maintenance, for many years, and has 
written quite extensively on the economy and 
efficiency of this department of railroading. 
His address to the .American Civic .Association 
at the annual meeting in 1907 at Brown Uni- 
versity, Providence, Rhode Island, on "The 
Railroad as a Factor in Civic Improvement," 
has been republished extensively throughout 
the country. The efficiency of his organization 
was exemplified in the repairs after the Johns- 
town Flood in 1889, when he had about nine 
thousand organized for the emergency work 
of rebuilding the lost bridges, buildings and 
roadbed. In the beginning of this disaster he 
rebuilt 1,100 feet of the railroad bridge over 
the swollen waters of the Susquehanna river 
at Montgomery, Pennsylvania, in three days 
and a half, and the entire line from Philadel- 
phia to Johnstown was opened for traffic in 
fourteen days. Another item of efficiency work 



done under Mr. Richards' direction was in 
1897, when the old metal span of 286.3 feet of 
double-track bridge over the Schuylkill river 
at Philadelphia was moved twenty-seven feet, 
replaced by the new structure moved the same 
distance, without interrupting the regular 
schedule of trains. The longest interval be- 
tween trains was thirteen minutes, but the 
actual time taken to move the old and new 
spans was but two minutes and twenty-eight 
seconds. Mr. Richards, at the request of Presi- 
dent Frank Thomson, wrote an account of this 
feat to answer the criticism of an English 
technical journal, in which it was called an 
incredible feat and described as "credible, if 
credible" because "nothing of the kind has ever 
been done." The journal published Mr. Rich- 
ards' account, stating that it was a case like 
Columbus' egg — easy enough when you under- 
stand it. Mr. Richards was for a number of 
years the designing and constructing engineer 
for the new piers at New York and Philadel- 
phia for the International Navigation Com- 
pany. The steel pier No. 14 in New York, 
north of Cortlandt street. North river, was. 
when finished, considered by a committee of 
experts, as the most complete in its appoint- 
ments for steamships of any building in the 
harbor. He cooperated with the late president, 
-Alexander J. Cassatt, of the Pennsylvania. 
Railroad Company, in planning much of the 
construction work on the system during his 
administration, and all the operating details 
of stations and yards were entrusted to Mr. 
Richards. The new station constructed by 
the Terminal Company at Washington, D. C, 
and owned jointly by the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company and the Baltimore & Ohio Rail- 
road Company, built to accommodate all the 
main lines enteripg Washington from the 
south, was planned by a committee of w'hich 
Mr. Richards was chairman. He was also 
chairman of various committees of operating' 
officers in charge of the plans and construction 
of the new Pennsylvania Railroad Station in 
New York City. This station presented many 
new problems, the tracks being forty-two feet 
below the street level, with numerous supports 
located at the track level for the station build- 
ing, and the tracks were arranged for operation 
either by tunnel engines or multiple-unit trains. 
The United States Mail Building was con- 
structed over the tracks also. In such a vast 
expenditure of money it was necessary to se- 
cure the greatest possible efficiency and capac- 
ity. The architects of the station reported 
direct to the railroad committees, which had to 
harmonize many differences of opinion be- 
tween architects and engineers. The perfect 
order and train ser\-ice at the opening of the 



46 



NEW ENGLAND. 



station demonstrated that every feature of the 
great undertaking had been worked out suc- 
cessfully. 

Mr. Richards is first vice-president of the 
West End Trust Company; former president 
of the Engineers Club of Philadelphia; mem- 
ber of the Union League of Philadelphia, the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Amer- 
ican Society of Civil Engineers, the American 
Society for Testing Materials, the American 
Railway Engineering Association, the Amer- 
ican Forestry Association, the American Rail- 
way Association, and a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the Jacob Tome Institute of 
Port Deposit, Maryland. In National politics 
he is a Republican ; in religion he is a member 
of the Society of Friends, as his family has 
been since early in the seventeenth century. 

He married, November 26, 1873, Martha 
Elizabeth Ernest, born December 5, 1848, 
daughter of Henry Wooster and Mary Ann 
(Walters) Ernest. Children: i. Mercy, born 
February 11, 1875; married, June 3, 1896, 
Norman Sturgis Essig, D. D. S., born Novem- 
ber 6, 1869; children: Charles James Essig, 
born March 12, 1898; Joseph Richards Essig, 
January 14, 1902. 2. Mamie, October 18, 1876, 
died August 30, 1877. 3. Joseph Ernest, born 
March 8, 1881 ; married, March 18, 1905, Cath- 
arine Louise Fletcher, born March 28, 1886; 
children : Philip and Herold, bom January 26, 

1909, died next day ; Christine Louise, January 
II, 1910. 4. Amy, born September 12, 1883; 
married, February 2, 1909, Edwin Oberlin 
Fitch Jr., L'nited States navy, born January 6, 
1882; child, Susanna Fitch, born November 3, 

1910. 5. Martha, born February 20, 1888, died 
October 21, i^'* 



(The Stubbs Line). 

(I) Thomas Stubbs, who died in 1763, mar- 
ried, in 1720, Mary Minor. 

(II) Daniel, son of Thomas Stubbs, died 
April 6, 1808. He married, January 20. 1751, 
Ruth Gilpin, born October 23, 1736, died July 
27, 1 781, daughter of Joseph Gilpin, born Jan- 
uary 21, 1703. died December 31, 1792, mar- 
ried, October 17, 1729, Mary, daughter of Vin- 
cent Caldwell, born 1673, died January 10, 
1720. married, 1703, Betty Pierce; Betty Pierce 
was born September 18, 1680, died October 27, 
1757, daughter of George Pierce, died about 
1734, married, December i, 1679, Ann Gainer. 
Joseph Gilpin, father of Ruth, was son of Jo- 
seph Gilpin, born April 8, 1663, died 1739, 
married, December 23, 1691, Hannah Glover, 
born 1675, died 1757; Hannah was daughter 
of George and Alice (Lamboll) Glover. Jo- 
seph Gilpin, father of Joseph Gilpin, was son 
of Thomas and Joan (Bartholomew) Gilpin. 



(III) Joseph, son of Daniel Stubbs, was 
born May 27, 1761, died August 4, 1856. He 
married. May 4, 1786, at Little Britain Meet- 
ing, Ruth, daughter of Moses Pyle, of Little 
Britain, who died January, 1784; Moses Pyle 
married, October 9, 1741, at Londongrove 
Meeting, Mary Cooke, his second wife, born 
August 4, 1719; she was daughter of John 
Cooke, born July 2, 1696, died 1759, married, 
October, 1718, Elinor Lansdale, born in Lan- 
cashire, daughter of Thomas and Margaret 
Lansdale. John Cooke was son of Peter 
Cooke, who married, October 7, 1695, Elinor 
Norman. Moses Pyle was son of John Pyle, 
born June 8, 1687, died 1752. married, 1710, 
Lydia Thomas, died before 17 16, daughter of 
Peter Thomas, who married, February 15, 

1686, Sarah Stedman, daughter of and 

Elizabeth Stedman. John Pyle was son of 
Robert Pyle, who was baptized December 29, 
1660, died in 1730, married. September 16, 
i68r, Ann, daughter of William Stovy, who 
died November 7, 1705. Robert Pyle was son 
of Nicholas Pyle, baptized March 12, 1625, 
died August, 1691, married, September 22, 
1656, Edith Musprat, who died June, 1676. 

(IV) Orpah, daughter of Joseph and Ruth 
(Pyle) Stubbs, was born August 8, 1791, died 
September 16, 1833. She married, April 14, 
1814, Thomas Richards (see Richards VIII). 

(The Reynolds Line). 

(I) William Reynolds, the first ancestor 
known in the direct line, married Margaret 
Exton. 

(ID Henry, son of William Reynolds, was 
born in 1655, died August 7, 1724. He mar- 
ried, November 10, 1678, Prudence Clayton, 
who died about 1728, daughter of William and 
Prudence Clayton. 

(III) Henry (2). son of Henry (i) Rey- 
nolds, was born August 16, 1693, died Decem- 
ber 17, 1779. He married. 1717. Hannah 
Brown, born October 31. 1701, died December 
12. 1731-32, daughter of William Brown, born 
January 29, 1658, died June 23, 1746; he mar- 
ried (thircl) 1699, Catharine Williams, mother 
of Hannah; William Brown was son of Rich- 
ard Brown, who died September 28, 1662, and 
his wife, Mary Brown. 

(IV) Jacob, son of Henry (2) Reynolds, 
was born September 14, 1728, died February 
6. 1799. He married, August 10, 1751. at East 
Nottingham. Rebecca Day, born about 1735, 
died September 14, 1785, daughter of John 
Day, who died 1775, and who married at Not- 
tingham Meeting, April 21, 1733, Lydia Ross; 
she was born July 7, 1708. died March i, 1799, 
daughter of .Alexander Ross, who died 1748, 
and who married, 1706, Katharine Chambers. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(V) Jacob (2j, son of Jacob (i) Reynolds, 
was born November lo, 1755,- died February 
2, 181 1. He married, at West Nottingham 
Meeting, October 19, 1785, Esther, born Alay 

12, 1763, daughter of John Taylor, who died 
1772, married at Birmingham Meeting, May 

13, 1762, as his second wife, Mary Jackson. 
Mary Jackson was daughter of Samuel Jack- 
son, of Marlborough, who died June 9, 1745, 
and who married at New Garden Meeting, 
September 16, 1727, Mary Chambers, born 
January 7, 1707, died October 4, 1787: Mary 
was daughter of John Chambers, born Decem- 
ber 28, 1662, son of William Chambers; John 
Chambers married, April 13, 1699, Deborah 
Dobson, daughter of Richard Dobson. Sam- 
uel Jackson was son of Thomas Jackson, who 
died in 1727. John Taylor, father of Esther 
Taylor, was son of Richard Taylor, born No- 
vember 26, 1702, died September 2, 1744, mar- 
ried, 1735, Eleanor , who died 1793. 

Richard Taylor was son of Joseph Taylor, who 
died March 30, 1744, and who married, Janu- 
ary 16, 1700, Elizabeth Haines, who died 
June 21, 1743; Joseph Taylor was son of 
Abiah Taylor, who married. January 17, 1663, 
Alice . 

(VI) Jacob (3), son of Jacob (2) Rey- 
nolds, was born May 8, 1791, died May 12, 
1869. He married Anna Moore (see Moore 
IV). Their daughter, Mercy Ann Reynolds, 
born May 29, 1816, died February 5, 1885, 
married Isaac Stubbs Richards (see Richards 
IX). 

(The Moore Line). 

(I) Andrew Moore, of Sadsbury, was born 
in 1688, died in 1753. He married (second) 
April 24, 1725, Rachel Halliday, born October 
25, 1704, died in 1785, daughter of William 
Halliday, who died in 1741, and who married 
at Moate Meeting, Ireland, September 2, i6g8, 
Deborah Woodsworth. 

(II) Joseph, son of Andrew Moore, was 
born July 13, 1736, died July 13, 1805. He 
was of Londongrove. He married at Sads- 
bury Meeting. January 22, 1756, Jane Marsh, 
born February 18. 1735. died November 15, 
1779, daughter of Henry Marsh, of Sadsbury, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, who died about 
1803, fought in the revolution, married at 
Christ Church, Philadelphia, .\ugiist i, 1734, 
Anne Stuart, born June 4, 1712. Henry Marsh 
was son of William Marsh, died 1744, and 

Sarah . Anne Stuart was daughter of 

.■\lexander Stuart, who died November 5, 
1714-15, and who married, 1708. Mary Baily. 
born September 10, 1688, died 1741 : Mary 
Baily was daughter of Joel Baily, who was 
baptized January 29, 1658, and died 1732; Joel 
Baily married, 1687, Ann Short. 



(Ill) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Moore, 
was born April 11, 1767, died December 13J 
1850. He was of West Nottingham, Mary- 
land, and he married at West Grove Meeting, 
October 2-j, 1791, Mercy Cutler, born October 
12, 1773, died November 7, 1822, daughter of 
Benjamin and Susanna (Dunn) Cutler; Ben- 
jamin Cutler was of Buckingham and London- 
grove, born in 1740. died September 6, 1794, 
married, July 25, 1770, Susanna Dunn, born 
September 3, 1751, died October 18, 1823. 
Susanna Dunn was daughter of Ralph Dunn 
Jr., born October 2, 1716, died August 23, 
1797, married Anna Heaton. born July 5, 1726, 
died August 16, 1813, daughter of Robert and 
Susanna (Carter) Heaton; Susanna Carter 
was daughter of James and Susanna (Grif- 
fith) Carter; Robert Heaton Jr. was son of 
Robert and Grace (Pierson) Heaton. Ralph 
Dunn was son of Ralph Dunn Sr., who died 
March or April, 1727, and who married Sarah, 
widow of Thomas Searl, and daughter of John 
and Jane (Cutler) Naylor. Benjamin Cutler 
was son of Benjamin Cutler, born July 7, 1709, 
died 1769, married, December, 1731-32, Mercy 
Bills, who died November 21, 1749; Mercy 
Bills was daughter of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Gardner) Bills; Nathaniel Bills was born 
June 25, 1677, died 1729, and was of Shrews- 
bury, New Jersey ; he was son of Thomas 
Bills, who died February 2, 1721, and who 
married (second) May 2, 1676, Johanna Twin- 
ing (see Twining II). Benjamin Cutler was 
son of John Cutler, who married, April 17, 
1703, Margery, daughter of Cuthbert and 
Mary Hayhurst. 

CIV) Anna, daughter of Joseph (2) and 
Mercy (Cutler) Moore, was born August 31, 
1793, died September 19, 1874. She married 
Jacob Reynolds (see Reynolds VI). 

(The Twining Line). 

( I ) William Twining, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England. He settled in this coun- 
try, as early as 1643, when he was a free- 
holder at Yarmouth, on Cape Cod, Massachu- 
setts. Family tradition makes of him a Welsh- 
man and another tradition asserts that he came 
from Yorkshire. He appears in the list of 
those able to bear arms in 1643. and in 1645 
he was one of five sent out against the Narra- 
gansett Indians. He removed to Eastham, an 
adjacent town, in 1644. and he was constable 
there in 1651. He died April 15, 1659, at 
Eastham, aged about si.xty-five. He married, 
in 1652, at Orleans. .\nne Doane. who died 
February 2~. 1680. She must have been a sec- 
ond wife. Children: William, mentioned be- 
low ; Isabel. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) 



48 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Twining, was born soon after 1620, probably 
in England, and died at Newtown, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania. November 4, 1703. He 
was admitted a freeman, June 3, 1652 ; was on 
the grand jury in 1652 and in 1667-68-71. He 
was deacon of the Eastham church as early as 
1677. About 1695 he became a Friend and 
decided to leave New England, where Quakers 
were sorely persecuted, and he settled on the 
banks of the Delaware in Pennsylvania with 
part of his family. His will was dated June 
26, 1697, proved April 8, 1705, bequeathing to 
grandson William, son of Stephen; daughters 
Joanna, Mehitable, daughters of his daughter, 
Anne Bills: to William Twining, his lands in 
Eastham and county of Barnstable, Massachu- 
setts : to Elizabeth Rogers, his daughter, land 
at Truro. He married Elizabeth Deane. daugh- 
ter of Stephen Deane. of Plymouth, whose 
widow married Josiah Cooke. She died at 
Newtown. Pennsylvania, December 28. 1708. 
Children: Elizabeth, married, August 19, 1669, 
John Rogers ; Anne, married, October 3, 1672, 
Thomas Bills : Susanna, born February 25, 
1654: Joanna, born Mav 30, 1657, married 
Thomas Bills (see Moore HI): Mehitable, 
married Daniel Deane : Stephen, born Febru- 
ary 6, 1659; William, born at Orleans, Febru- 
ary 28, 1664. 



The surname Howe was originally 
HOWE identical with Howe, Hoc, Hough, 

Howes and other variations, in- 
cluding the Norman-French forms of de la 
How, de How, de Hoc, etc. The oldest Eng- 
lish forms are doubtless Hoo and How. The 
name was spelled How in New England until 
comparatively recent date. John How, immi- 
grant ancestor of a large part of the American 
families of this surname, is believed to be the 
son of John How, of Warwickshire. England, 
and grandson of John How, of Hodinhall, said 
to be connected with Sir Charles How, of Lan- 
caster, who lived during the reign of Charles L 
John How, the American immigrant, was 
born in England, and was among the earli- 
est settlers of Watertown, Massachusetts ; was 
admitted a freeman. May 13, 1640, and was at 
Sudbury as early as 1639, and a selectman of 
Sudbury in 1642. He was also among the first 
settlers of Marlborough. Massachusetts. Abra- 
ham How. of Marlborough, another early set- 
tler of Marlborough, was probably related. 
There were several other Hows in Massachu- 
setts before 1650. A branch of the English 
family settled in the north of Ireland and 
thence scattered through that country as well. 
In 1890 we find the record of sixteen births 
in Howe families in Ireland, si.x in Ulster 
province. 



( I ) Francis Howe, of this Irish branch of the 
family, a descendant of John How, was born in 
Tullee, county of Roscommon, Ireland, died at 
New London in 1899. When but seven years 
old he came to this country with his widowed 
mother. He made his home in Stonington. 
Connecticut. At fourteen he was apprenticed 
to the captain of a whaling ship. At twenty he 
returned from a three years' voyage as master 
of his ship. In religion he was a Roman Cath- 
olic, in politics a Democrat. He married Ann 
Larkin, born in county Clare, Ireland, a daugh- 
ter of Patrick and Anne (Winter) Larkin. 
Children : Thomas, born in Groton, Connecti- 
cut, and resides at New London ; Mary Ellen, 
born at Stonington, Connecticut and now re- 
sides at New London ; Frank, mentioned be- 
low. 

There is a family tradition that Francis 
Howe was of the same stock as Sir William 
Howe and Lord Howe who led the British 
forces in the revolution, and if this tradition 
is well founded there is reason to believe that 
he was also related very distantly to the old 
New England families of this surname. It is 
likelv that all the Hows came originally from 
the same stock. The coats-of-arms tend to sup- 
port this belief, the various families bearing 
the same armorials in many cases. 

(Ill) Frank, son of Francis Howe, was 
born at Stonington, Connecticut, April 11, 
1856. He attended the public schools of Gro- 
ton and New London, Connecticut. Early in 
life he developed a talent for music. Finally 
deciding upon the cornet, he studiously applied 
himself, and at the age of sixteen had become 
so proficient as a musician that he appeared 
professionally as a cornetist. At the age of 
twenty he appeared first in Philadelphia with 
the Third Regiment Bank, C. N. G., and ap- 
peared as a solo cornetist at the Centennial 
Exposition. In 1879 he began his business 
career as a clerk in the Boston carpet house 
of John & James Dobson, Philadelphia. He 
won promotion from time to time. He left to 
become the Boston sales agent of another Phil- 
adelphia firm. Cofiin. .\ltemus & Company, dry 
goods commission merchant. Thence he went 
to Chicago to conduct a branch store for this 
firm. While living in Boston he developed 
somewhat a talent for playing and he was Dick 
Deadeye. at the old Globe Theatre in Boston, 
in Gilbert and Sullivan's "H. M. S. Pinafore," 
in the same amateur cast in which Richard 
Mansfield played Sir Joseph Porter at the time 
Mansfield had not yet entered into prominence 
as an actor. In 1883 Mr. Howe made his first 
venture as a theatrical manager at McVicker's 
Theatre, Chicago, producing "lolanthe," the 
first performance in Chicago of this operetta. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



49 



From that time he has continued in the theatre 
business with eminent success. In 1895 he 
became the sole lessee of the oldest theatre in 
America, the Walnut Street Theatre of Phila- 
delphia, erected in 1808, and at the same time 
he became also lessee of the Park Theatre, 
Board street and Fairmont avenue, Philadel- 
phia, which was opened in 1889, and which 
was the most pretentious and most modern 
that the city knew at that period. 

Some of the most famous productions in 
America were made at the Park Theatre dur- 
ing his management. Notable among them 
being "The Fencing Master" by Reginald De 
Koven, A. M. Palmer's famous stock company, 
together with many well remembered musical 
productions and dramas. Not long afterward 
he disposed of the lease of the Park Theatre, 
but he has retained the Walnut Street Theatre 
and conducted it with gratifying success to the 
present time. It was during Air. Howe's 
lesseeship of the historic Walnut Street The- 
atre that some of the now most famous actors 
and actresses made their first successes. Nota- 
ble among these were David Warfield, Willie 
Collier, Dan Daly, Ethel Barrymore, George 
Cohan, Helen Ware, Robert Mantell. In 1900 
he induced Mr. William Weightman, the capi- 
talist, to build the beautiful Garrick Theatre 
in Philadelphia, of which Mr. Howe became 
lessee and manager. This theatre was opened 
October 11, 1901 ; Richard Mansfield in Booth 
Tarkington's "Monsieur Beaucaire" was the 
stage offering. From that date until the fall 
of 191 1, he directed the policy and manage- 
ment of this house, which in that time became 
one of the most popular and successful play- 
houses of that city and now has an inter- 
national reputation. Mr. Howe was gifted 
with that ambitious characteristic that caused 
him to first study the wants of his patrons and 
then see that they got the nature of entertain- 
ments that appealed to them. He avoided the 
licentious and his patrons were insured of the 
highest class in the art of music and the drama. 
This is borne out in the fact that on the stages 
he directed such artists as Mansfield, Mme. 
Modjeska, Mme. Janauscheck, Wilson Barrett, 
Julia Marlowe, Agnes Huntington, Marie 
Tempest, E. H. Sothern, Joseph JefTerson, 
Fanny Davenport, Chauncey Olcott, Ethel 
Barrymore, and other stars fondly remember- 
ed by theatre visiting people of Philadelphia, 
made their appearance. Air. Howe is a mem- 
ber of the Lambs Club of New York City, and 
he is president of the Theatrical Managers' 
Association of Philadelphia. In politics he is 
Republican, in religion a Roman Catholic. 

He married, April 16, 1890, Florence Leigh, 
1—4 



born in 1870, in Jersey City, New Jersey, 
daughter of Frederick and W'ilhelmina (.\Iel- 
ber) Leigh. Mr. and Mrs. Howe have no 
children. 



William Frothingham, 
FROTHINGHAM immigrant ancestor of 

all the colonial families 
of this surname, was born in England about 
1600, and came from the vicinity of Holder- 
ness in Yorkshire, the ancient seat of the fam- 
ily, which probably came thither from Scot- 
land. The name spelled Fotheringham was 
common in Forfarshire, Scotland, before 1300, 
at the very beginning of the use of surnames. 
In the ancient History of Scotland by John 
Lesley, vol. i., p. vi., the family of Fodring- 
hame together with Crychton, Giffert, Manlis, 
Borthik "and others" are said to have come 
from Wugre (Hungary) under Malcolm, King 
of Scotland, with his wife Queen Margaret. 
But Hailes raised a doubt of the accuracy of 
the statement. Indeed, it seems that the final 
syllable indicates a local origin of Fothering- 
ham, though the surname may have been a 
place name taken by a Hungarian noble after 
the custom of the time, eventually becoming 
the family name. 

William Frothingham came from England 
in Winthrop's fleet, and was one of the pro- 
prietors of Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 
1630. He was admitted a freeman, March 6, 
1631-32. With his wife Anne he was admitted 
to the church in Boston in 1630 and joined the 
new church at Charlestown in 1632. He was 
an adherent of Rev. John Wheelwright who 
founded E.xeter, brother of the celebrated Mrs. 
Hutchinson, but Frothingham finally renounced 
his beliefs and remained in the established 
church of the Puritans at Charlestown. His 
wife Anne died July 28, 1674, aged sixty- 
seven years (see gravestone). He had a grant 
of land from the town on the Mystic side ( Wo- 
burn ) of ten acres. His house and four acres 
of land were bounded on the north by the 
Mystic river, east by homesteads of George 
Bunker and Thomas Ruck ; west by E. Mel- 
lows and Abraham Pratt. He had eight other 
parcels of land on record. His will is dated 
September 31, 1651, and was proved Febru- 
ary 6, 1652. The document itself has been in 
the possession of the family many years, 
though the records show that it was proved 
properly. He bequeathed his property to his 
wife, and the inventory places a value of fifty 
pounds on his house and orchard. His widow 
bought a house and land in Charlestown in 
1656 of Grace Palmer. Her will, dated Octo- 
ber 4, 1672, was proved October 6, 1674, be- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



queathing to her sons Samuel, J. Kettell, Peter 
and Nathaniel Frothingham, and Thomas 
White, who received her house orchard and 
barn. Children, born in Charlestown : Bethia, 
born February 7, 163 1 ; John, August 10, 
1633; Elizabeth, March 15, 1635; Peter, April 
15, 1636; Mary, April i, 1638; Nathaniel, 
mentioned below; Stephen, November 11, 
1641 ; Hannah, March 29, 1642; Joseph, De- 
cember I. 1645; Samuel. 

(11) Nathaniel, son of William Frothing- 
ham, was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
April 16, 1640, died there December 12, 1688. 
His gravestone is preserved. He died the 
same day as his brother, Peter Frothingham. 
He joined the church with his wife, January 
22, 1670-71. He lived in Charlestown and 
was granted two common rights there in 1681. 
He owned land on what is now called Bunker 
Hill. He was a legatee of the estate of Will- 
iam Croft, of Lynn, in 1689, or rather his 
eldest son was, together with the eldest chil- 
dren of his brother Peter. His estate was 
divided in 1708. He married, February 6, 
1667, Mary Hett, and she married (second) 
in 1694, Samuel Kettell. Children: Mary, born 
September 25, 1668, died January 9, 1679 ; 
Nathaniel, April 16, 1670, died July 28 fol- 
lowing; Nathaniel, mentioned below; Hannah. 
November 26, 1673, died young; Thomas, De- 
cember 2, 1675; Joseph, October 31, 1677; 
Benjamin, December 26, 1679; Eliphalet, Sep- 
tember 5, 1681 ; Mary, November 14, 1682; 
Hannah, May 30, 1685 ; Abigail, May 10, 1687 ; 
.\biel (daughter), May 26, 1689, died June 5, 
1689. 

(IH) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
Frothingham, was born July 2, 167 1. He was 
admitted to the church with his wife, Febru- 
ary 17, 1705-06. He was a carpenter. His 
name was on the tax lists of 1727 and 1729. 
In 1696, with his father's heirs, he deeded land 
to Kidder which had been inherited from his 
father. He bought of his brothers Benjamin 
and Thomas, in 1702, one-half house joining 
the north end of his father's house and land be- 
lowr, fifty-two feet broad, and in 1708 he 
bought of heirs of his father, one-third of an 
orchard. There are recorded also many other 
purchases made by him at different dates. His 
will was dated June 16, 1725-26, and proved 
.August 24, 1730. He bequeathed to his wife 
and three daughters all the estate during his 
wife's life, and afterwards it was to be divided 
among all the children. On June 9, 1760, Ben- 
jamin Frothingham was appointed executor 
of his estate. He married, .\pril 12, 1694, Han- 
nah Rand, who died .\pril 23, 1760, aged 
eighty-seven, according to her gravestone. He 
died July 31, 1730, aged fifty-nine (grave- 



stone). Children: Hannah, born June 8, 1695, 
died August 15, 1714; Elizabeth, January 20, 
1696-97 ; Nathaniel, mentioned below ; Mary, 
January 19, 1700; Joseph, July 15, 1703; 
Sarah, December 8, 1705; Benjamin, April 6. 
1708; Thomas, January 3, 1709-10; Ruth, -Au- 
gust ID, 1712. 

(IV) Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel (2) 
Frothingham, was born December 7, 1698, 
died May 7, 1749, aged fifty, according to his 
gravestone. He was taxed in 1727-48. In 
1723 his father deeded to him a lot of land, 
and some purchases of other lands are record- 
ed, as well as land which he sold. He was a 
painter. His widow was made administratrix. 
May 22, 1749, and the inventory amounted to 
one thousand four hundred and si.xty-si.x 
pounds. He married, July 2j, 1721, Susanna 
Whittemore. She married (second) Stephen 
Badger, in 1756. Children: Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, born January 15, 1723- 
24; Susanna, October 23, 1725; Hannah, Oc- 
tober 17, 1727; William, October 16, 1729; 
Jabez, July 23, 1731, died November 30, 1748; 
Jonathan, .August 15, 1733; James, August 

22. 1735- 

{\) Nathaniel (4), son of Nathaniel (3) 
Frothingham, was born June 2, 1722. He 
lived in Charlestown and Boston and was a 
coachmaker. In the shops at one period were 
four of the family bearing the name Nathaniel, 
each designated by some peculiar, significant 
term. He was taxed from 1756 to 1773. In 
1746 his father deeded to him one-half house. 
In 1784 he deeded to his son Nathaniel a lot, 
and in 1786 he bought a house of Nathaniel 
and Hepzibah Rand. In 1788 he bought of 
Nathaniel Prentiss a house and one acre of 
land partly in Cambridge and partly in Charles- 
town. In 1796 his son Ebenezer with his heirs 
sold land to Page : Nathaniel Frothingham's 
executors in 1798 sold land to Nathaniel Pren- 
tiss, and also to John Page, and to Richard 
Frothingham in 1799. Nathaniel Frothingham 
married (first) ^Iarch i, 1743-44. Mary Whit- 
temore, who died December 18, 1763, aged 
forty r gravestone). He married (second) in 
1765, Ruth Taylor, who died October 12, 1800, 
aged sixty-one, and on the gravestone is writ- 
ten : "Husband and two wives were all buried 
here." He died in West street, Boston, March 
14, 1791, aged sixty-nine. Children: Nathaniel, 
baptized February 24, 1744-45; Nathaniel, 
mentioned below; Richard, March 15, 1748; 
Mary, baptized July 14, 1754; Ebenezer, De- 
cember 13, 1756; child, December 11, died De- 
cember 12. 1758; Susanna, September ig, 1763; 
Katharine, May 14, died October i, 1765: 
Thomas, November 30. 1767: Peter, Novem- 
ber 24, 1775. 



(VI) Nathaniel (5), son of Nathaniel (4) 
Frothingham, was born April 6, 1746. He 
was a coachmaker in Boston. This Nathaniel 
Frothingham was one of those patriots who 
took part in the Boston Tea Party, and dis- 
guised as Indians threw the tea overboard in 
Boston Harbor. In 1784 his father deeded 
him land on Main street. In 1785 he bought 
land with cellar of B. Bradish. He bought of 
Ebenezer Frothingham his levy on Soley & 
Stearns, and in 1801 he sold land to John 
Larkin. He married (first) May 16, 1771, 
Rebecca Austin. He married (second) De- 
cember 22, 1785, Mary Townsend, who died 
October 12, 1800, aged forty-two (suicide). 
He married (third) May 2, 1804, Lydia Ket- 
tell. Children: Nathaniel, born 1779; Rebecca, 
1781 ; Samuel, mentioned below; Mary, 1789; 
Susanna, 1792; Ruth, married John Redman, 
builder; others who died young. 

(VTI) Samuel, son of Nathaniel (5) Froth- 
ingham, was born at Charlestown, March 4, 
1787, died in 1869. He located in Boston, be- 
came cashier of the State Bank, and latterly 
for many years the president of the institution. 
He was one of the prominent citizens of Bos- 
ton taking part in many civic activities. He 
married, in 1810, Eliza Atkins, born in 1792, 
died in 1850. Children: Samuel, Harriet, Eliza, 
Theodore, of whom further ; Henry ; Cor- 
nelia, married Joshua H. Wolcott (see Wolcott 
VII). 

(VIII) Theodore, son of Samuel Froth- 
ingham, was born July 5, 1818, in Boston. He 
received his education in Boston, and after 
leaving school went into the dry goods busi- 
ness in that city. In 1859 he removed to Phil- 
a'^lelphia, continuing in the same kind of busi- 
ness of which he had already made a success, 
and there he resided until his death. Mr. 
Frothingham was one of the original members 
of the Union League Club, and was a very 
well-known and conspicuous citizen. He mar- 
ried, February 4, 1845, Mary Frances Wol- 
cott, who was from Litchfield, Connecticut. 
She was born July 9, 1823, at Litchfield, died 
April 10, 1898, in Philadelphia. Children: i. 
Mary Goodrich, born March i, 1846; married 
Charles A. Brimlay, died July 15, 191 1. 2. 
Theoflore, mentioned below. 3. E. Cornelia, 
born December 22, 1853. 4- Bessye Wolcott, 
born January 15, 1857: married Percival Rob- 
erts Jr. 5. Harriet Wolcott, born December 
28, i860; married Dr. Herbert Norris. 

(IX) Theodore (2), son of Theodore (i) 
Frothingham, was born in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, March Z2. 1848. He was prepared for 
college under Reginald Chase, in Philadelphia, 
and matriculated at Harvard College, joining 
as sophomore the class of 1870. He graduated 



AUGH m\ 

GENEALOGICAL SC'^'~TY 
OF THE CHURCH OP jsscr, :r 
NEW ENGLAND OF UTTER DA/ SA.NFS 

0^993 

with his cousm, Roger Wolcott. After he left 
college he engaged in business in Philadelphia 
as a ship broker and commission merchant 
until the year 1886. He then became con- 
nected with the Solicitors' Loan and Trust 
Company as secretary, and later as vice-presi- 
dent and treasurer ; secretary and assistant 
treasurer of the Schuylkill River East Side 
Railroad Company since 1886; president of the 
Commercial Trust Company from 1894 until 
1900; vice-president and treasurer of the Phil- 
adelphia Securities Company since 1898, and 
secretary and treasurer of the .Assets Realiza- 
tion Company since 1900. He was director of 
the Young Men's Christian Association for a 
number of years, and was also director of the 
Philadelphia Orthopedic Hospital for many 
years, being for three years its treasurer. He 
has been director of the Pennsylvania Insti- 
tute for the Deaf and Dumb for the past ten 
years, and as director has been connected with 
a number of other corporations. He was 
vice-president of the Harvard Club of Phila- 
delphia from 1892 to 1895, and president from 
1895 to 1898. He was second vice-president 
of the New England Society of Pennsylvania 
from 1901 to 1903, and president from 1903 
to 1906. He is a member of the Rittenhouse, 
Philadelphia, Country and other clubs. 

He married. May 22, 1888, Lucy Jaudon 
Harris, of Philadelphia. They have five chil- 
dren : Theodore, born April 19, 1889; Thomas 
Harris, April 5, 1891 ; Huntington Wolcott, 
September 19, 1893; William Bainbridge, Oc- 
tober 30. 1898; Dorothea, May 6. 1909. 

Mrs. Theodore Frothingham was the daugh- 
ter of Captain Thomas Cadwalader Harris. 
LTnited States navy, and Mary Louise Bain- 
bridge Jaudon. She was born in Philadelphia, 
December 23, 1866. The father of Captain 
Thomas Cadwalader Harris was Dr. Thomas 
Harris, born January 3, 1784, who was the 
first surgeon-general of the L'nited States 
navy. He practiced for many years in Phila- 
delphia, and was a prominent man of his time. 
The father of Dr. Thomas Harris was Will- 
iam Harris, born in Chester county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1757, and was a revolutionary offi- 
cer, later serving as brigadier-general. He 
was a member of the legislature during the 
years 1779-80. and 1810-11-12. He died Sep- 
tember 4, 1 81 2. This patriot was the son of 
Thomas Harris, born in 1722, who came in 
1747 from Ireland, and settled in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. 

(The Wolcott Line). 

(I) John Wolcott lived and died in Tolland, 
Somersetshire, England. His will, dated Feb- 
ruary 9, 1571, was proved .April ir, 1372. Chil- 
dren : John, mentioned below ; .Alice, Mary. 



0093394 



52 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(II) John (2), son of John (i) Wolcott, 
lived at Tolland, where he died March 2, 1618. 
He owned mills and other property at Tolland. 
William and Thomas Wolcott were in Tol- 
land as early as 1526, but the relationship is 
not known. John Wolcott married Joan 

, who died April 5, 1637. Children, 

baptized at Lidiard, a parish adjoining Tol- 
land: Christopher, died iMarch 25, 1639; 
Henry, mentioned below ; John, died February 
17, 1652. 

(III) Henry, son of John (2) Wolcott, 
was baptized at Lidiard, England, December 
6. 1578. He came with the first company to 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, though it is said 
he came first in 1628. He came with part of 
his family in the ship "Alary and John," land- 
ing at Xantasket, May 30, 1630. He was an 
original settler and proprietor of Dorchester, 
and was on the first list of freemen, October 
19, 1630. He was a leading citizen and select- 
man and in other important positions. In 
1636-37 he moved with many neighbors to 
Windsor, Connecticut, and was a member of 
the first general assembly in 1637; in 1643 he 
was elected to the house of magistrates, serv- 
ing the remainder of his life. He was a 
wealthy and influential man, owning a good 
estate in Somersetshire, England, at his death. 
He was called a "man of fine estate and su- 
perior abilities." He died May 30, 1655. He 
married, January 19, 1606, in England. Eliza- 
beth Saunders, born 1582, died at Windsor, 
July 5, 1655, daughter of Thomas Saunders. 
Children: John, baptized at Lidiard, England, 
where he died ; Anna, Henry, baptized Jan- 
uary 21, 1610-11 ; George, Christopher, Mary, 
Simon, mentioned below. 

(IV) Simon, son of Henry Wolcott, was 
born in 1624-25 in England. He was prominent 
in public life. In 1668 he was on a commit- 
tee of the general court to further planting. 
In 1671 he moved to Simsbury, and was cap- 
tain of the train band there, August 11, 1673; 
selectman, 1674. He and his neighbors were 
driven from home during King Philip's war. 
In 1680 he was one of the six in the colony 
called "Mr." He married (first), March 19, 
1657, Joanna Cook, born August 5, 1638, died 
April 27, 1657; (second), October 17, 1661, 
Martha Pitkin, who came from England with 
her brother William, attorney-general and 
treasurer of the colony. Simon Wolcott died 
September 11. 1687, and his widow married 
(second") Daniel Clark, and died October 13, 
1719. Children: Elizabeth, born August 19, 
1662; Martha, May 17, 1664; Simon, June 24, 
1666; Joanna, June 30, 1668; Henry, May 20, 
1670; Christopher, July 4, 1672; Mary, 1674; 



William, November 8, 1676; Roger, mentioned 
below. 

(V) Governor Roger Wolcott, son of Si- 
mon Wolcott, was born January 4, 1679, at 
Simsbury, Connecticut, and he was the fore- 
most man of the day in the colony. He re- 
ceived school instruction from his parents. 
After his mother married (second) Daniel 
Clark, he went to live with her in her new 
home. In 1690 he learned to write and read; 
in 1694 he was apprenticed to a clothier or 
fuller to learn the trade, and January 2, 1699, 
he engaged in business as a clothier on his own 
account, and became very successful. He was 
elected selectman of Windsor in 1707 ; deputy 
to the general assembly in 1710. He took part 
in the expedition against Canada in 171 1 as 
commissary of Connecticut stores. He was 
elected councillor in 1714; judge of county 
court in 1731 : of superior court in 1732; 
deputy governor and chief judge of superior 
court in 1 741. He was commissioned major- 
general of the colonial army by Governor Shir- 
ley, of Massachusetts, and Governor Law, of 
Connecticut, and led the Connecticut troops in 
the expedition against Cape Breton in 1745, 
then being sixty-seven years old. In 1750 he 
was elected governor of Connecticut. He 
published three books, "Political Meditations,'' 
1720; "A Tract on a Controversial Letter on 
the New England Churches," 1761, and "Let- 
ter to the Freemen of Connecticut," 1761. He 
died May 17, 1767. He married, December 3, 
1702, Sarah Drake, born May 10, 1686, daugh- 
ter of Job Drake. Children : Roger, Eliza- 
beth, born April 10, 1706; Ale.xander, Janu- 
ary 20, 1708; Samuel, January 9, 1710; Alex- 
ander, January 7, 1712; Sarah, born and died 
December 10, 1713; Sarah, January 31, 1715; 
Hepzibah, June 23, 1717: Josiah, February 6, 
1719; Erastus, twin, February 8, 1721; 
Ephraim, twin of Erastus ; Oliver, mentioned 
below; Ursula, October 30, 1734. 

(VI) Governor Oliver Wolcott, son of 
Governor Roger Wolcott, was graduated at 
Yale College in 1747. Soon afterward he 
was commissioned captain and marched to the 
defense of the northern frontier in the French 
and Indian war. He studied medicine for a 
time. In 1751 he was appointed the first 
sheritT of Litchfield county. He was active in 
support of the movement in the colonies 
against British misrule and was a member of 
the continental congress in July, 1775, and 
was one of the signers of the immortal Declar- 
ation of Independence. When he returned to 
Litchfield he carried with him the leaden 
statue of King George from New York and 
had it converted into bullets to shoot at the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



53 



king's soldiers. He was commissioned by 
Governor Trumbull and the committee of 
safety, August 15, 1776. to command four- 
teen regiments. In November, 1776, he again 
attended Congress, and in 1777 he attended the 
session at Baltimore. He was commissioned 
brigadier-general, January 17, 1777, and com- 
manded a brigade under General Gates. He 
attended congress at Yorktown in 1778. In 
the summer of 1779 he commanded a division 
of militia defending the seacoast. Early in 
life he was a member of the Connecticut gen- 
eral assembly, and from 1774 to 1786 an as- 
sistant or councillor and while councillor was 
also chief judge of the court of common pleas. 
For many years he was judge of probate also. 
He served in the provincial militia in all 
grades to the rank of major-general. During 
the war he contributed liberally to the pat- 
riots' cause from his own fortune. In 1782- 
83 he occasionally attended congress. In 

1785 he was commissioner of Indian affairs 
for the northern department and was engaged 
in making peace with the Six Nations. In 

1786 he was elected lieutenant-governor of 
Connecticut and re-elected annually until he 
became governor. He was a delegate to the 
state convention to ratify the federal constitu- 
tion in 1787; was presidential elector in 1796 
and voted for Adams and Pinckney. From 
1796 until he died he was governor of the 
state. He married. January 21, 1755, Lor- 
raine, daughter of Captain Daniel Collins, of 
Guilford. Children: Oliver, born August 31, 
died September 13, 1757; Oliver, born Jan- 
uary II, 1760. also governor of Connecticut; 
Laura, December 15, 1761, married William 
Moseley : Mariann, February 16, 1765. married 
Chauncey Goodrich ; Frederick, mentioned be- 
low. 

(VII) Frederick, son of Governor Oliver 
Wolcott, was born November 2. 1767, died at 
Litchfield, May 28, 1837. He graduated from 
Yale College in 1786 with first honors. He 
began to study law, but gave it up on account 
of ill health. In 1793 he was made clerk of 
the court of common pleas, and in 1798 clerk 
of the superior court of Litchfield county, an 
office he filled until 1836. In 1796 he was made 
judge of probate, an office he also filled as 
long as he lived. He represented the town often 
in the general assembly. In 1808 he was pres- 
idential elector. From 1810 to 1823 he was 
a state senator, and during the last six years 
was a fellow of Yale College. He and his 
brother Oliver were engaged for many years 
in the manufacture of woolen cloth at Wol- 
cottville, Connecticut, and in farming. They 
imported Devon and Durham cattle and Mer- 
ino sheep. Twice he declined the nomination 



for governor when his party nominee was 
elected. All his lif« he was a student and a 
scholar, continuing to study and read the an- 
cient classics. 

He married (first), October 12, 1800, Bet- 
sey Huntington, born November 8. 1774, died 
April 2, 1812, daughter of Colonel Joshua 
Huntington. He married (second) Sally 
Worthington (Goodrich) Cooke, a daughter of 
Rev. Samuel Goodrich, of Berlin. She was 
born August 7, 1778, and died September 14, 
1842. Children by first wife: i. Mary Ann 
Goodrich, born August 9, 1801. 2. Hannah 
Huntington, January 14, 1803. 3. Joshua 
Huntington, born August 29, 1804; married 
(first), November 12, 1844, Cornelia, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Frothingham. of Boston (see 
Frothingham VII). She died June i, 1850, 
and he married (second), November 12, 1751, 
a sister of his first wife; his only surviving 
son was Governor Roger Wolcott, of Massa- 
chusetts, born July 13, 1847. 4- Elizabeth, 
born March 6, 1806. 5. Frederick Henry, born 
August 19, 1808. 6. Laura Maria, August 14, 
1811. Children by second wife: 7. Charles 
Moseley, born November 20, 1816. 8. 
Chauncy Goodrich, born March 15, 1819, died 
young. 9. Henry Griswold. born November 
4, 1820. 10. Mary Frances, born July 9, 1823; 
married, February 4, 1845, Theodore Froth- 
ingham, of Boston (see Frothingham VIII). 



Hoyt is the surname of an ancient 
HOYT English family. As the old Eng- 
lish word hoit rom hoyt means to 
leap or to caper, it is probable that some early 
progenitor of the family was noted for his 
agility or good spirits. In America the name 
has been spelled in more than thirty different 
ways. The Hoyt family in this country seems 
to have sprung from two men. Simon Hoyt 
and John Hoyt, between whom no relationship 
has been traced, although they were perhaps 
brothers. Simon Hoyt was in Salem. Massa- 
chusetts, as early as 1629. He was the emi- 
grant ancestor of most of the Hoyts of West- 
ern Massachusetts, Connecticut and Eastern 
New York. The descendants of John Hoyt 
embrace most of those bearing the name in 
Eastern - Massachusetts, Maine and New 
Hampshire. In other parts of the country 
there are numerous members of both branches. 
(I) John Hoyt was probably born in Eng- 
land about 1610. He was one of the earliest 
settlers of Salisbury. Massachusetts, and ob- 
tained lands at the "first division," in 1639 
or 1640. A few years later he removed across 
the Powow river to the west parish of Salis- 
bury, his family being one of thirty that re- 
moved to settle it, and he sold his house on the 



54 



NEW ENGLAND. 



east side in 1647. This west parish was named 
Amesbury in 1668 by the general court. In 
both Salisbury and x\mesbury John Hoyt 
seems to have been prominent. He was at an 
early date appointed sergeant of the Salisbury 
military company. In the .Amesbury records 
his name is frequently mentioned as prudential- 
man, selectman, constable, juror, moderator of 
a town meeting, etc. In old deeds he was 
styled "planter." He died February 28, 
1687-88. 

John Hoyt was twice married, both of his 
wives being named Frances. He had five chil- 
dren by his first wife, who died February 23, 
1642-43, viz. : Frances, John, mentioned be- 
low : Thomas (twin), born January i, 1640 
41; Gregorie (twin), January i, 1640-41: 
Elizabeth, February 23, 1642-43; and eight 
children by his second wife, viz. : Sarah, Jan- 
uary 16, 1644-45; ^lary, February 20, 1645- 
46; Joseph, born and died in 1648; Joseph, 
born November 27, 1649; Marah, November 
24, 1653; Naomi, January 23, 1654-55; Doro- 
thie, April 13, 1656; Mehetabel, October 25, 
1664. 

(II) John (2), eldest son of John (i) 
Hoyt. was born in Salisbury about 1638. In 
old deeds, of which he gave and received a 
large number, he is sometimes called a planter 
and sometimes a carpenter. He lived in Ames- 
bury and there held the offices of "standing 
lot-layer," constable and "Clarke of ye mar- 
ket." He was "upon ye request and choyce" 
of the town licensed for several years to keep 
the town ordinary or inn. He was killed by 
the Indians in Andover, on the road to Haver- 
hill, August 13, 1696. He married, June 23, 
1659, Mary, daughter of William and Rachel 
Barnes. She survived him many years, and it 
is probable that she is the Granny Hoyt who 
tried the experiment of using the powder- 
horn in kindling the fire and thus gave rise to 
the expression current among her descendants : 
"Quick as Granny Hoyt's powder-horn." John 
Hoyt had ten children : William, born Septem- 
ber 5, 1660: Elizabeth, February 8, 1661-62; 
John, March 28, 1663; Mary, October 11, 
1664; Joseph, mentioned below; Sarah; Ra- 
chel, June 28, 1670 ; Dorothie, January 29, 
1673-74; Grace. March 29, 1676; Robert. 

(III) Joseph, son of John (2) Hoyt, was 
born July 14, 1666. He appears to have lived 
at the homestead of his grandfather, John 
Hoyt, in Amesbury. He held the offices of 
tythingman and selectman. He married, Oc- 
tober 5, 1702, Dorothy Worthen, and died in 
1719 or 1720. He had eight children: John, 
born July 2, 1703; Mehetabel, November 25, 
1705; Joseph, January 10, 1707-08: Ezekiel, 
mentioned below ; Judith or Juda, February 



22, 1711-12; Nathan, February 16, 1714; 
Moses, March 23, 1716; Dorothy, August 23, 
1718. 

(IV) Ezekiel, son of Joseph Hoyt, was 
born in Amesbury, January 7, 1709-10. He 
was a tanner, and seems to have been a man 
of considerable means. He removed about 
1739 to that part of Salisbury which became 
South Hampton, and thence, about 1748, to 
Brentwood, New Hampshire, where he died in 
1754. He married, December 25, 1735, Re- 
becca Brown, of Newbury. He had seven 
children: Judith, born November 25, 1736; 
Mary, October 11, 1739; Sarah, March 22, 
1741-42; Dorothy, June 10, 1744; Ezekiel, 
January 27, 1746-47,; Ezekiel, September 3, 
1749; Joseph, mentioned below. 

iV) Joseph (2), son of Ezekiel Hoyt. was 
born November 3, 1751, in Brentwood, New 
Hampshire. He settled in Sandwich, New 
Hampshire, and died there May 12, 1788. He 
was one of the signers of the Association 
Test issued by the New Hampshire committee 
of safety in April, 1776, which was as fol- 
lows: "We the Subscribers, do hereby sol- 
emnly engage, and promise, that we will, ta 
the utmost of our Power, at the Risque of 
our Lives and Fortunes, with ARMS, oppose 
the Hostile Proceedings of the British Fleets, 
and .Armies, against the United American 
COLONIES." He married, August 25, 1774, 
at Epping, New Hampshire, Betsy, daughter 
of Daniel and Huldah (Eastman) Folsom. 
His widow died July 16, 1834. He had five 
children: Huldah, born -April 25, 1775; Eze- 
kiel, January 27, 1777; Daniel, mentioned be- 
low: Joseph, July 31, 1780; Josiah, May 14, 
1786. 

(VD General Daniel Hoit (as he spelled 
the name), son of Joseph (2) Hoyt, was born 
in Sandwich. October 26. 1778. He was a 
merchant in Sandwich, for many years presi- 
dent of the Carroll County Bank, and a prom- 
inent public man in New Hampshire. He 
was elected fifteen times to represent his na- 
tive town in the lower house of the state leg- 
islature, first in 1807, and was senator four 
years and a member of the governor's council 
two years. He was general of the state mili- 
tia, and always went by the name "General." 
He early identified himself with the Liberty 
or Free Soil party, and was for several years 
their candidate for governor. Two years of 
his life was spent in Ohio. He married (first) 
Sarah (Sally), daughter of Moses and Eliza- 
beth (Batchelder) Flanders, January 21, 1805, 
and (second) Betsy Emerson, of Chester, De- 
cember 10, 1838. His first wife died May 31, 
1837. He had five children, all by his first 
wife : Eliza Flanders, born April 9, 1806 ; Julia 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Maria, November 15, 1807; Albert Gallatin, 
December 13, 1809, a distinguished artist; 
Otis Gray, August 12, 1811; William Henry 
(Harrison), mentioned below. 

(VH) Rev. William Henry (Harrison) 
Hoyt, son of General Daniel Hoit, was born in 
Sandwich, January 8, 181 3. He dropped the 
name Harrison early in life. Later he changed 
the spelling of his surname from Hoit to 
Hoyt. He was graduated at Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1831, and after pursuing a course of 
study at'Andover Theological Seminary and 
at the General Theological Seminary in New 
York, he was ordained a minister of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal church in 1836. During the 
next two years he was a professor at Bishop 
Hopkins's seminary in Burlington, Vermont, 
and rector of the Episcopal church in Middle- 
bury, and from 1838 until 1846, when he left 
the ministry, he was rector of St. Luke's Epis- 
copal Church in St. Albans. Soon afterward 
he became a convert to the Roman Catholic 
faith, studied law and was admitted to the 
bar. In i860 he removed from St. Albans to 
Burlington, where he was editor and proprie- 
tor of the Burlington Sentinel, which was at 
one time carried on by John G. Saxe, the poet. 
He removed to New York City about 1868. 
After the death of his wife, in January, 1875, 
he became a Catholic priest, being ordained 
in May, 1877. On December 8, 1883, while 
celebrating mass in St. Ann's church, on 
Twelfth street. New York, he fell insensible 
before the altar, and died four days later. He 
was a man of scholarly attainments, a fine 
linguist, and possessed of qualities of heart 
that endeared him to all who knew him. He 
married, August 21, 1838, Anne, daughter of 
Eleazer Hubbell and Fanny Fay (Follett) 
Deming, of Burlington. He had eleven chil- 
dren : Charles Albert, born July 27, 1839 ; 
William Henry, March 26, 1841 ; Francis Dem- 
ing, November 29, 1843: Anna Deming, May 
22, 1846; Mary Elizabeth, February 4, 1848; 
Julia Catherine, January 20, 1850; Jane 
Frances, April 10, 185 1 ; George Aloysius, De- 
cember 14, 1852; Frederick Alphonsus (twin), 
mentioned below: Edward Vincent (twin), 
October 12, 1854; Henrianna Maria, October 
I, 1858. 

(Vni) Frederick Alphonsus, son of Rev. 
William Henry Hoyt, was born October 12, 
1854, in Burlington. He received his educa- 
tion at the College Ste. Marie, in Montreal, 
Canada, and at the College of St. Francis 
Xavier, in New York. He was for many 
years in the insurance business in New York, 
where he resides. He married, April 4, 1883, 
Florence Sarah, daughter of Captain Peter 



Umstead Murphey. of the United States ai. I 
Confederate navies, and Emily Rennie (Pat- 
rick) Murphey. He has four'children: Will- 
iam Henry, mentioned below ; George Aloy- 
sius, born July 21, 1885; Charles Albert, July 
28, 1888; Florence Fredericka, January 24, 
1891. 

(IX) William Henry, son of Frederick Al- 
phonsus Hoyt, was born in New York City, 
January lo, 1884. He studied at private 
schools in New York and Montreal, Canada, 
and received the degree of A. B. from Ford- 
ham College in 1902, A. M. from the L^niver- 
sity of \'ermont in 1906 and LL. B. from Har- 
vard L'niversity in 1910. Since his admission 
to the bar in 1910 he has been in general 
practice in New York City, with the timi of 
Hawkins, Delafield & Longfellow, but making 
a specialty of the legality of municipal bonds. 
He is a diligent student of North Carolina his- 
tory, and has written several books and arti- 
cles on that subject, including "The Mecklen- 
burg Declaration of Independence; A Studv 
of Evidence Showing that the Alleged Early 
Declaration of Independence by Mecklenburg 
County, North Carolina, on May 20th, 1775, 
is Spurious" (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1907) ; 
"The Murphey Papers : Being the Correspon- 
dence, Public Papers and other Writings and 
Collections of Archibald Debow Murphey, of 
North Carolina, 1777- 1832" (North Carolina 
Historical Commission, 1912), and the article 
on Judge Murphey in "The Biographical His- 
tory of North Carolina" (vol. IV., Greens- 
boro, North Carolina, 1905). He married, 
December 9, 191 1, Josephine Dorothea, daugh- 
ter of William Allen and Annie Josephine 
(Cassidy) Butler. 

Thomas Johnson, the immi- 
JOHNSON grant ancestor, was one of 
three brothers, Robert, John 
and Thomas, who came to America in 1638. 
Although no definite proof has been found, 
the records seem to show that they were un- 
doubtedly brothers. They came from Kings- 
ton-on-Hull and landed at Boston, being Puri- 
tans under Ezekiel Rogers, a Cambridge grad- 
uate and clergyman, of Rowley, in Yorkshire. 
Thomas and Robert settled in New Haven, and 
John, after remaining there a short time, 
moved to Rowley, Massachusetts, where Eze- 
kiel Rogers and his followers had settled. 
Thomas was drowned with Thomas .Ashley in 
New Haven harbor in 1640. He married 

Helena . Children, according to Ralph 

Dunning Smyth, the Guilford historian: 
Thomas, of New Haven. Connecticut, and 
Newark, New Jersey; Daniel, of New Haven; 



56 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Jeremiah, of New Haven and Derby, Connect- 
icut ; William, mentioned below. Savage also 
adds a John, of Guilford. 

(II) William, son of Thomas Johnson, was 
born in England, October lo, 1635. He was 
sometimes called Wingle or Windle on the 
records, and has also been confused with his 
cousin William, of Guilford, son of Robert, 
the immigrant. According to tradition, the 
family came from Cherry-Burton, a village 
about' three miles from the town of Beverly, 
Yorkshire, about si.x miles north of Rowley, 
England. William married (first) in America, 
in December, 1664, Sarah, daughter of John 
and Jane, or Jeanne, (Wollen or Woolin) 
Hall. She was born in 1643, and baptized by 
Rev. Mr. Davenport, in New Haven, August 
9. 1646. According to Ralph D. Smyth, he 

married (second) Abigail . but she was 

not mentioned in his will, and all of his chil- 
dren were by his first wife. He owned land 
in Wallingford, Connecticut, although he lived 
in New Haven, where many deeds of land to 
and from him are recorded. He was a hus- 
bandman and planter. In 1670 he was one of 
about forty who signed the original compact 
for the settlement of Wallingford and became 
original proprietors. He had a lot of land 
about twenty rods square assigned to him 
there, which he sold in 1694 to Isaac Curtis. 
He died in 1716 and his will, dated March. 
1716, was proved in .August, 1716, his son 
Isaac being named executor. Children by 
first wife : Lieutenant William, born Septem- 
ber 5, 1665, died 1742: John, born July 20, 
1667: Abraham, 1669; Abigail, December 6, 
1670: Isaac, of Woodbridge, Connecticut, dea- 
con and captain, born October 27, 1672, died 
October 23, 1750, married, April 25, 1693, 
Abigail, daughter of John Cooper, from whom 
descended Andrew Johnson, LL. D., president 
of the LTnited States ; Sergeant Jacob, men- 
tioned below; Sarah. November 6, 1676; Sam- 
uel. September 3, 1678; Mary, April i, 1680; 
Lydia, July 7, 1681 ; Hope, May 10, 1685, died 
same month: Elizabeth, May 10, 1685, twin of 
Hope ; Ebenezer, .\pril 5, 1688. 

(III) Sergeant Jacob Johnson, son of 
William Johnson, was born in New Haven. 
September 25, 1674, died July 17, 1749. He 
was sergeant of the Wallingford trainband, 
and was referred to by that title in a deed in 
1752 and also in probate records. In 1721, 
1732, 1733 and 1736 he was deputy to the gen- 
eral court from Wallingford. He owned 
much land, leaving an estate valued at over 
fourteen thousand pounds, including four 
hundred acres and several slaves. His will 
was dated June 3, 1749, and his sons Abner 
and Caleb were executors. He married (first). 



December 14, 1693, Abigail, daughter of John 
and Abigail (Merriman) Hitchcock. She died 
January 9, 1726. He married (second) Dor- 
cas Linsley, of Bran ford, Connecticut. Mat- 
thias Hitchcock, father of John, was one of 
the original signers of the "fundamental 
agreement" of the New Haven colony. John 
Hitchcock was an original proprietor at Wal- 
lingford, 1670. His wife Abigail was daugh- 
ter of Captain Nathaniel Merriman. Abigail 
Hitchcock was born in New Haven, April 10, 
1674. Children by first wife: Reuben, born 
August 27, 1694; Deacon Isaac, February 21, 
1696: Enos, 1698, died 1786; Abigail, 1699; 
Captain Abner, August 2, 1702; Lieutenant 
Caleb, 1703; Israel, 1705; Daniel, mentioned 
below; Sarah, 1710; Rev. Jacob, at Walling- 
ford. April 13. 1713. 

(IV) Ehniel, son of Sergeant Jacob John- 
son, was born in 1709, died October 14, 1780. 
He was a trial justice under the king. He mar- 
ried, December 24, 1732, Joanna Preston, who 
was born March 18, 1714, died January 18, 
1781. Children: Charles, born November 13, 
1735, died at sea; Captain Solomon, men- 
tioned below; Joanna, April 4, 1743; Lieuten- 
ant Daniel, March 24, 1746; Israel, July 8, 
1748: Justin, March 4, 1752; Abigail, Decem- 
ber 23, 1753 : Joshua, July 26, 1757 ; Mindwell, 
May 19, 1758: Rebecca, March 29, 1759. 

(V) Captain Solomon Johnson, son of Dan- 
iel Johnson, was born May 4, 1740, died April 
4, 1799. He lived in Wallingford. He served 
in the revolution and was a sea captain. He 
married, December 6, 1765, Mary Barker, 
who was born March 10, 1742, died September 
7. 1825. Children: John Barker, and Charles, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) Charles, son of Captain Solomon 
Johnson, was born in Wallingford, May 3, 
1767, died September 22, 1848, in Durham, 
New York. He was captain of a troop of 
horse in Durham. He left Wallingford about 
1792, and became a farmer in Durham. The 
following certificate in the handwriting of 
Charles Johnson is in the possession of his 
great-grandson, Edward Hine Johnson, of 
Philadelphia : "I do hereby certify that Ezekiel 
Smith has been enrolled and served in a uni- 
form company of cavalry for fifteen years 
previous to the date hereof. Durham, Sep- 
tember 5, 181 1. Charles Johnson. Captain." 
Ezekiel Smith was the maternal great-grand- 
father of Edward Hine Johnson, mentioned 
below. (See Colonial Records of Connecti- 
cut, vol. 6, p. 233 ; vol. 7, p. 420; vol. 8, p. 27.) 
He married Elizabeth Rice, of New Haven. 
She was born October 22. 1769, and died De- 
cember 25, 1840. Child: Solomon Rice, men- 
tioned below. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



57 



(VII) Solomon Rice, son of Charles John- 
son, was born in Durham, New York, in Au- 
gust, 1797, died November 5, 1833, in Dur- 
ham. He was a farmer in Durham. He mar- 
ried, October 12, 1828, Mary Whittlesey, of 
Saybrook, Connecticut. She was born De- 
cember 12, 1797, and died December 3, 1829. 
Child: Solomon Whittlesey, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Solomon Whittlesey, son of Solomon 
Rice Johnson, was born at Durham, Novem- 
ber 5, 1829. He resided in New York City 
and Brooklyn, and was one of the founders 
and third president of the American News 
Company. He married, September 15, 1853, 
Adelaide Hine, who was born in Cairo, New 
York, February 12, 1830, died December 15, 
1898. Children: Edward Hine, mentioned be- 
low; Agnes, born January 28, i860; Mary, 
June 9, 1861 ; ^Adelaide, December 7, 1869, 
died March 28, 1888. 

(IX) Edward Hine, son of Solomon Whit- 
tlesey Johnson, was born in New York City, 
June 29, 1854. He received his early education 
in private schools, where he prepared for col- 
lege. In 1873 he entered Yale College and was 
graduated with the degree of Ph. B. in the 
•class of 1876. He then entered the service 
of the American News Company of New 
York. He remained with this company, of 
which his father was president, until 1884, 
when he came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
to take charge of the Central News Company. 
Since then he has been manager of this com- 
pany and has resided in Philadelphia. He is 
a member of the University Club, the Phila- 
delphia Country Club, the Corinthian Yacht 
Club of Philadelphia, the Society of Colonial 
Wars, the Sons of the Revolution, the New 
England Society of Philadelphia. In politics 
he is a Republican, but he is independent in 
municipal politics. He is a communicant of 
St. James' Protestant Episcopal Church. 

He was married, December 12, 1883, in St. 
Mark's Church, Philadelphia, by Rev. Dr. 
Nicholson, to Frances Van Leer, who was 
born in Philadelphia, October 27, 1858, daugh- 
ter of George H. Earle. Children : Edward 
Earle, born in Philadelphia, October 31, 1884, 
and associated with his father in the manage- 
ment of the Central News Company of Phila- 
delphia; Florence Earle, December 8, 1892. 



Thomas Miller, yeoman, of 
MILLER Bishops Stortford (called usu- 
ally Stortford), England, had 
by his wife Bridget, daughter of Thomas Jer- 
negan (see Jernegan XVI), the following chil- 
dren (Hert. .Ant., 3, p. 263) : i. John, see No. 
2. 2. Thomas, mentioned in his brother's will 
and in that of John Gace, where he is called 



"Maister Thomas Miller," evidently a clergy- 
man ; his wife's name was Matilda ( Hert, ."Xnt. 
vol. 2, p. 342). 3. Agnes, married. May 1, 
1584. John Gace, whose will is dated 29 Au- 
gust, 44 Elizabeth (1601), proved 20 Septem- 
ber, 1602, mentions wife Agnes and "John 
Miller the Elder" and "Maister Thomas Mil- 
ler." .Agnes had previously married a man 
named John Dennison, buried December 4, 
1582, by whom she had: i. George, mentioned 
in stepfather's will. ii. Edward, also men- 
tioned in same will. iii. William, also men- 
tioned in same will, married at Stortford, No- 
vember 7, 1603, Margaret Monck, and came 
to New England, 1631, settling at Roxbury; 
wife died 1645, he died 1653 (N. E. Reg., 
vol. 46, pp. 352-53, and vol. 47, pp. 1 10-11). 

iv. Elizabeth, married Crouch. 4. 

Bridget, married George .Abbott (Hertford 
Antiquary, 3, p. 225). 5. Margaret, married 
Edward Hake (ibid. 3, pp. 225). 6. Eliza- 
beth, married Thomas Sprenger (ibid. 3, p. 
85). 7. Jane, married Richard Meade (ibid. 
3.P-85). 

(II) John Miller, of Stortford, son of 
Thomas and Bridget (Jernegan) Miller, was 
a butcher, as shown by his will. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Jardfielde, of 
Stortford, and sister of John and George 
Jardfielde (Hert. Ant., vol. 3, p. 271). Mr. 
Miller's will is dated 26 March, 1601, proved 
November 9, 1602. Hertford .Antiquary, vol. 
3, page 85, mentions "my poor Aunt Holly 
(probably his father's sister) ; wife Elizabeth; 
eldest son John to have orchard and dovehouse 
in it, situated near Hockerell bridge now on 
tenure of Nicholas Wilsemer; and six closes 
of land which my father bought of the Willie 
daughters beyond Waightfield ; daughter .Ag- 
nes Miller a messuage in Stortford where 
John Moulton now dwelleth and the meadow 
purchased of Thomas Meade: daughter Sarah 
Miller, land in the Great Halfe. purchased of 
Thomas Jernegan: daughter Katherine Miller; 
brother-in-law Richard Mead : daughter Ur- 
sula to have land in Great Halfe bought of 
William Brett; son William house in Stortford 
wherein Richard Barges now dwelleth and 
land in Sheeplo, late bought of Thomas Wiles- 
mer, also house in Little Hadham : three eld- 
est daughters, Joane, Margaret and Jane: ser- 
vant Luce Wilesmer. Debts owing to me by 
the Rt. Hon. Edward Lord Morley and his 
sons. Brother Thomas Miller and brother- 
in-law Thomas Sprenger. to be executors." 

(Iin John Miller Jr.. son of John and 
Elizabeth (Jardfielde) Miller, of Stortford, 
married, and had children faccoj-ding to par- 
ish records which run back to 1561, Rev. 
Henry Tydd Lane, \'icar of St. Michaels, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire, England) : 
I. John, born 1605-06; matriculated in Caius 
College, Cambridge, 1623; graduated A. B. 
1627: probably came to New England in 1635 ; 
was at Dorchester, 1636; lands in South Bos- 
ton, 1637; was in Roxbury, 1638; Rowley, 
1639: freeman 22 May, and became minister 
there, and was also first town clerk; in 1642 
he was called to Yarmouth, Cape Cod, but was 
back in Roxbury in 1647; wife's name Lydia, 
she died 7 August, 1658, and he died at Groton, 
12 June, 1663 (Savage, vol. III., p. 209) ; had 
children : i. John, born in England, March, 
1632: married. 24 December. 1659, Margaret, 
daughter of Josiah Winslow. ii. Mehitable, 
born 12 July, 1638; married John Crow. iii. 

Lydia, born 12 April, 1640; married 

Fish. iv. Faith, born 1642 ; married, 3 Au- 
gust. 1664. Nathaniel W'inslow. v. Hannah, 
born 1644; married, 22 May, 1666, Joseph 
Frost, vi. Susannah, born 29 "August, 1647 '< 
died 14 October, 1669. vii. Elizabeth, born 13 
October. 1649 ; married Samuel Frost, viii. 
Mary, born 165 1 ; married, 8 November, 1677, 
John Whittemore. 2. Thomas, see No. 4. 3. 
Alexander ( ?). 

(IV) Thomas Miller, son of John Miller 
Jr., was born at Bishops Stortford, about 1609- 
10; came to Massachusetts with brother John 
in 1635, but did not settle in Dorchestei, as 
the list of inhabitants of that town in January, 
1636. contains only John and Alexander. The 
first notice we have of Thomas Miller is that 
he was enrolled as a freeman at Boston, 122 
May, 1639: residence Rowley (Gage's Rowley, 
p. 131). The following items are from the 
Rowley Town Records : "Thomas Miller 
granted one house lott, containing one acre 
and a half, bounded on North side by Mr. 
Tenney's lott, and east by the street, 10 May, 
1643." "Thomas Miller granted two acres of 
salt marsh lying on south side of Humphrey 
Rayners' salt marsh; in the marsh field the 
southwest end abutting on an Island, the north- 
east end on John Scales' salt marsh." "Thomas 
Miller granted four and one half acres of up- 
land joining to the rod of ground on east side 
of Francis Parratt's planting lott in north east 
Field, the south end abutting upon a cart path 
near Satchell's Meadow, the north end on 
some ground not laid out." "Thomas Miller, 
an acre of rough marsh in the field called the 
Marsh, the west end abutting on upland of 
Humphrey Reyners. the south side lying along 
by a cowpath." "Thomas Miller, two acres 
lying on North side of James Bailey." All 
these of the same date, 10 May, 1643. 1648: 
"Thomas Miller has no. XX 6 rail length and 
no. XXXI ten rail length of the public fence." 



"Thomas Miller allowed 2s. 6d. for going to 
Ipswich for Deacon Mighill and £15 for fenc- 
ing horse pasture and £10 lent him." 1650. 
1651: "Thomas Miller, los. for work about 
mill." 1661, January 28, "Thomas Miller sold 
his lotts to Ezekiel Northend." The New Eng- 
land Register, vol. 14, p. 139, gives us Thomas 
Miller, Middletown, Connecticut, 1670, as- 
sessed value of real estate £50. The Town 
Records of Afiddletown, Connecticut, vol. i, 
p. 8, show deal on the 9th day of June. 1654. 
"Thomas Miller, late of Rowley, Massachu- 
setts, rec'd lands in Middletown," and that he 
brought letters of recommendation from the ist 
Church of Rowley to the ist Church of Middle- 
town. The New England Register, vol. 14, p. 67. 
containing the town records of Middletown, 
shows that Capt. Thomas Miller, as he is 

styled, first married Isabel —, who died 

in 1660, having had one child: i. .\nne, who 
married, in 1653, Nathaniel Bacon. Captain 
Miller married (second), at Middletown. June 
6, 1666, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Nettleton, 
of Milford, settled there 1639. Captain Thomas 
Miller died in Middletown, .August 14, 1680, 
above 70. By second wife had: i. Thomas 
Jr., born May 6, 1666; married, 1688, Eliza- 
beth Turner, and died September 24, 1729. 2. 
Samuel, born .\pril i. 1668; married, 1702, 
Mary Eggleston, and died April 11, 1738. 3. 
Joseph, born August 21, 1670; married, 1701, 
Rebecca Jolinson. and died in December, 1717. 
4. Benjamin, born July 20, 1672 ; see No. 5. 5. 
John, born March 10. 1674; married, 1700, 
Marcy Bevin. and died May 3, 1745. 6. Mar- 
garet, born September i, 1676. 7. Sarah, born 
January 7, 1678: married Smith Johnson. 8. 
Mehitable, bom March 28, 1680. Captain Mil- 
ler's widow married (second) Thomas Harris. 

(V) Benjamin Miller, son of Thomas and 
Sarah (Nettleton) Miller (Senior so-called in 
Middletawn records), born July 30, 1672 ; mar- 
ried, 1700-01, Mary Basset, born 1674, died 
December 5, 1709, aged 35; had at his death, 
September 12, 1737: i. Benjamin Jr., see No. 
6. 2. Daniel, born 1704; died unmarried, Se{>- 
tember 26, 1736, aged thirty-two. 3. Thomas, 

born 1706; married Love , and had: i. 

,\bigail ; ii. Thomas ; iii. Hannah ; iv. Eliza- 
beth ; V. Lydia ; all baptized with mother. De- 
cember g, 1737. 

(VT) Benjamin Miller Jr., born 1702; 
wife's name, Hannah ; married about 1730, and 
iiad: I. Benjamin (3d), see No. 7. 2. Thank- 
ful, born May 12; died December 8, 1733. Mr. 
Miller removed to New Hampshire in 1737- 
38, as in the latter year we find him at New- 
ington (New Hampshire Town Papers, vol. 
XIII, p. 260), and was there in 1753 (ibid. 




^:^^jmdv^^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



59 



vol. XII, p. 717), and as late as 5 June, 1783 
(vdI. XIII, p. 50). We have been unable to 
find the date of his death or that of his wife. 

(VII) Benjamin Miller (3d), was born 
between 1731 and 1735. He was in Newing- 
ton, New Hampshire, prior to 1775, when he 
removed to Brookfield, Massachusetts, but 
returned to New Hampshire about 1778-80, 
settling at Lyme, where he probably died. He 
married, in 1773, Esther, daughter of Elijah 
Clapp. Children: i. Elijah, see No. 8. 2-3. 
Benjamin and Esther, twins, baptized at 
Brookfield, Massachusetts, June 23, 1776; 
Esther married at Brookfield, January 21, 
1794, Sewell Gleason, her residence given as 
Lyme, New Hampshire. 4. A daughter, bap- 
tized August 31, 1777, name probably erased. 

(VIII) Elijah Miller, son of Benjamin and 
Esther (Clapp) Miller, was born at Newing- 
ton. New Hampshire, in 1774, as his recorded 
age at death in the New Hampshire State Of- 
ficial Register was sixty-three. He was bap- 
tized June 23, 1776; died January 10, 1837. 
He was then in the town of Lyme, New 
Hampshire, from 1780 to 1798, when he re- 
moved to Hanover, and married there Eunice, 
daughter of David and Susanna (Durkee) 
Tenney; she was born in Hanover, December 
21, 1783 (see Tenney), died February 21, 
1870. Mr. Miller also held several local of- 
fices in Hanover town and Grafton county, 
and was state senator June 23, 1829, to June 2, 
1830, and from that date to June i. 1831 ; and 
was a member of the governor's council 1834- 
35-36, and died, according to New Hampshire 
Official Register of 1851, January 10, 1837, 
aged sixty-three. He was a man of ability 
and distinction. In politics he was a Democrat, 
in religion a Unitarian. By occupation he was 
a farmer. Children : Patia, Benjamin D., 
Elijah Tenney, of whom further; Esther, 
John A., Eunice. 

(IX) Elijah Tenney Miller, son of Elijah 
and Eunice (Tenney) Miller, was born at 
Hanover, New Hampshire, August 15, 181 5, 
died May 30, 1892. He married Chastina C. 
Hoyt, born about 1826, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Abigail (Strong) Hoyt (see Hoyt). 
Children: Fayette M., born July 25, 1844; 
Susan A., born March 22, 1847, married 
David C. Tenney, of Hanover, and died 1873; 
Charles Ransom, see forward. 

(X) Charles Ransom Miller, son of Elijah 
Tenney and Chastina C. (Hoyt) Miller, was 
born at Hanover, New Hampshire, January 
17, 1849. He attended the public schools of 
Hanover, the Kimball LTnion .-\cademy at 
Meriden, New Hampshire, and the Green 
Mountain Institute at South Woodstock, Ver- 
mont, where he completed his preparation for 



college. He entered Dartmouth College and 
was graduated in the class of 1872 with the 
degree of Bachelor of .\rts. In 1905 he was 
honored by his alma mater with the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. From the time of his grad- 
uation from college until 1875 he was on the 
editorial staf? of the Republican, at Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, and rose to the position 
of city editor of that newspaper. In July, 1875, 
he became exchange editor of the New York 
Times, and since then has been connected with 
that newspaper. He was foreign editor for 
a time, then editorial writer, and since April, 
1883. has been editor-in-chief. From 1881 
to 1883 he was editorial writer. He is also 
vice-president of the New York Times Com- 
pany. During the period of Mr. Miller's 
editorship The Times has become one of the 
foremost newspapers of the country. In the 
opinion of many of the best judges it is the 
best newspaper in New York City, and the 
success of the newspaper under the policy of 
"All the news that's fit to print" has been a 
wholesome e.xample and inspiration to editors 
and publishers of newspapers throughout the 
whole country. In politics Mr. Miller is an 
Independent, and in religion non-sectarian. 
He is a member of the Century Club, the 
Metropolitan Club, the Ardsley Club, the Gar- 
den City Golf Club, the Blooming Grove Hunt- 
ing and Fishing Club of Pike county, Penn- 
sylvania. 

He married, October 10, 1876. Frances Ann 
Daniels, born April 8, 185 1, died December 
8, 1906, daughter of Francis Cotton Daniels, a 
descendant of Rev. John Cotton, the Puritan 
divine. Children : Madge Daniels, born Octo- 
ber 28, 1877; Hoyt Miller, bom March 18, 
1883, in New York City. Mr. Miller resides 
at 21 East Ninth street, and his office is in the 
Times Building, New York City. 

(The Jernegan Line). 

(I) Sir William Jernegan, of Horeham, 
county Suffolk, Knight, married Isabella, 
daughter of Thomas .\spall, of Aspall, and had 
issue a son and heir. 

(II) Sir Hubbard Jernegan. of Horeham. 

Knight, married Maude, daughter of 

Harlinge, and had a son and heir. 

(III) Sir Hugh Jernegan, of Horeham, 
Knight, married Ellen, daughter and heir to 
Sir Thomas Inglethorpe, Knight, and had: 
Sir Walter (see No. 4) ; Jane, married John 
Levston. 

(IV) Sir Walter Jernegan. of Somerleton, 
Knight, married Isabel, daughter and heir of 
Sir Peter Fitz Osborne, of Somerleton. and 
became possessed of that estate in her right, 
and had a son and heir. 



6o 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(V) Sir Peter Jernegan, of Somerleton, 
Knight, married Ellen, daughter of Sir Roger 
Huntingfelde, Knight, by Joyce d'Eugaine. 
(This Sir Roger, who died in 1301, was great- 
grandson of Wilham de Huntingfelde, who 
was one of the twenty-five barons who com- 
pelled King John to sign Magna Charta at 
Runnymede, June 15, 1215; Burke's Extinct 
Peerage, 1866, p. 293). Had a son and heir. 

(VI) Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton, 
Knight, married Agatha, daughter of Sir 

Shelton, Knight, and had a son and 

heir. 

(VH)" Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton, 
Knight, married Jane, daughter and co-heir 
of Sir William Kelvedon, Knight, and widow 
of Loudham, and had two children : Sir John 
(see No. 8) ; Jane, married Sir Gilbert Deben- 
liam. 

(Vni) Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton, 
Knight, married, Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Vise de Lou, Knight, and had three 
children: Thomas (see Xo. 9); Elizabeth, 
married John Gonvyle ; .Alice, married John 
Cleresbys. 

(IX) Sir Thomas Jernegan, of Somerleton, 

Knight, married Love, daughter of 

Apleyard, Esq., and had two children: John 
(see No. 10), and Margaret. 

(X) Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton, 
Knight, married Jane, daughter of Sir John 
Davell, Knight, and had a son and heir. 

(XI) Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton. 
Knight, married Isabel, daughter and heir of 
Sir Jervis (Gervaise) Clifton. Knight, and had 
five children: Edward (see Xo. 12); Sir 
Richard ; , married Palmer ; 



married 



ied 



Scott ; 



Haslake, of Norfolk. 



(XII) Edward Jern^an, of Somerleton, 
Esq., married Margaret, daughter of Sir Ed- 
mond Bedingfelde, of the county of Norfolk, 
Knight, and had, by this marriage, seven chil- 
dren : John (see No. 13) ; Thomas, OlifTe, Sir 
Robert, Nicholas, Edward, Margaret, married 

(first) Edward Lord Grey, (second) 

Barkley, (third) Edmond Bellingham. He 
married (second) Mary, daughter of Richard 
Scroope. of Bolton, and had four children 
more: Sir Henry, Ferdinando, Edmond, Mary. 

(XIII) Sir John Jernegan, of Somerleton. 
Knight, married Bridget, daughter of Sir 
Robert Drury, of Hawsted, county Suffolk, 
Knight, and had" five children: George (see 
No. 14); Robert; John (see No. 14). Hert- 
fordshire line ; Anne, married Sir Thomas 
Cornwallis, of Broome, county Suffolk. 
Knight; Eliza, married Sir John Sulyard, of 
W'etherton. county Suffolk. Knight. 

(XIV) George Jernegan, of Somerleton, 



Esq., married Eley, daughter of Sir John Spel- 
man, of Nasborough, county Norfolk, Knight, 
by Elizabeth, his wife, daughter and heir of 
Sir Henry Frowyke, of Gunnersbury, county 
Middlesex, Knight, and had ten children: i. 
John, son and heir, married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of John Lord Cobham, and had. in 1561, 
Middlesex, Knight, and had ten children: i. 
Elizabeth. 2. Robert, Hving 1561. 3. Walter, 
living 1561. 4. Thomas, living 1561. 5. 
George, living 1561. 6. Henry, living 1561. 
7. Eley, married Arthur Jeunye, of Knotishall, 
county Suffolk. 8. Anne, married Lyman 
Broke. 9. EHzabeth, living 1561. 10. Mar- 
garet, living 1561. 

(XIV) John Jernegan, founder of the 
Hertfordshire line, third son of Sir John Jer- 
negan and Bridget Drury (see No. 13), re- 
moved to Hertfordshire, settling at Little 
Wylmondeley, where his maternal grand- 
father. Sir Robert Drury, Knight, owned 
lands in 15 16. In the Hertford Genealogist 
and Antiquary, vol. I, p. 78, we find the fol- 
lowing Feet of Fines, Trinity Term, 8 Henry 
VIII (1516): "Robert Drury, Kt. William 
Drury Esq.. son of Robert Drury, Kt. John 
Jernegan, Esqr. (grandson), John Vere. 
Philip Calthorp, Kt. George Waldegrave, 
Esqr. Philip Butler, Esqr. Edward Greene, 
Esqr. Robert Norwicke, Esqr. and Francis 
Mountford, Esqr." Giles Alyngton and Mary 
(Drury) his wife were joint tenants and own- 
ers of the Manor of Little Wylmondeley, and 
six messuages, lands and rents in Great and 
Little Wylmondeley, and the advowson of the 
Priory of Wylmondeley. 

John Jernegan married , daughter of 

Thomas Parsons, of Stortford. and acquired 
lands there. He had four children: i. Thomas 
(see No. 15). 2. Henrj', whose wife was 
Anne, daughter of George Ellyott, of Farn- 
ham; owned lands there. 1579 (Hert. Gen. 
Ant., vol. 2, p. 255), lived at Stortford, 1596 
(ibid. vol. 3, p. 226). 3. Mary, married Thomas 
Bartlett. 4. .\nne, married Robert Baspole. 

(XV) Thomas Jernegan settled at Stort- 
ford. married Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Snowe, of that place, and had evidently but 
one daughter and heiress. 

(XVI) Bridget, daughter of Thomas Jer- 
negan, married Thomas Miller, of Stortford, 
and her son, John Miller, was co-tenant with 
his grandfather, Thomas Jernegan, in lands 
at Stortford, in 1598. (Hert. Gen. & Ant., 
vol. 3, p. 265.) 

(The Hoyt Line). 

(II) Thomas Hoyt, son of John Hoyt^ 
(q. v.), was born January i, 1640-41. He 
was apprenticed to Walter Taylor, who seems 



NEW ENGLAND. 



6i 



to have been a disorderly character, for 
Thomas Hoyt and Thomas Jonson, two of 
his apprentices, ran away from him because 
of his treatment of them, and April 12, 1664, 
the Salisbury court decreed that he be fined 
for using "cursing speaches to his servants" ; 
John Hoyt. father of Thomas, was "admon- 
isht for enterjeining his son", who evidently 
ran home, and the two servants were each 
fined for leaving Walter Taylor. On Decem- 
ber 5, 1677, he took the oath of allegiance be- 
fore Captain Thomas Bradbury, at Salisbury. 
Shortly after 1680 he moved to Amesbury, 
where in 1685-86 John Hoyt deeded him land 
at "Bugsmore," there. On November 29, 
1689, there was a Thomas Hoyt, of Ames- 
bury, who married Mary Nash, and it must 
have been this Thomas. He died January 3, 
169091. His son Thomas was administrator 
of his estate, March 31, 1691. An inventory 
of the estate of Thomas Hoyt was taken 
March 31, 1691. 

He married Mary, daughter of William and 
Elisabeth Brown, of Salisbury. Children, 
born at Salisbury : Lieutenant Thomas ; Will- 
iam, born October 19, 1670, died October 29, 
1670; Ephraim, mentioned below: John, born 
April 5, 1674; William, April 8. 1676; Israel, 
July 16, 1678; Benjamin, September 20, 1680. 
Born at Amesbury: Joseph, about 1684; 
daughter. Deliverance, May 2, 1688, died May 
9, 1688, called second daughter, on records; 
Mary, born October i, 1690, died January 20, 
1690-91, possibly child of a second wife. 

(HI) Ephraim Hoyt, son of Thomas and 
Mary (Brown) Hoyt, was born at Salisbury, 
October 16, 1671, and died in 1741 or 1742. 
In January, 1702-03, he petitioned the town of 
Hampton for a piece of land to cultivate for 
two or three years, at the end of which time 
he would return it to the town, and he doubt- 
less lived in that part incorporated as Hamp- 
ton Falls in 1712, for he was taxed there in 
1727 and 1732. In June, 1741, he deeded to 
his son Ephraim his homestead in Hampton 
Falls, and in August, 1742, his widow Elisa- 
beth relinquished her right of dower. He 
married (first) Hannah Godfrey, of Hamp- 
ton, April 25, 1695, and (second), August 12, 
1736, another Hannah Godfrey, and (third) 
Elisabeth Macrest, or Macree, September 4, 
1738. Children by first wife (baptismal 
dates) : Ephraim, mentioned below : Benjamin, 
December 16, 1716: Hannah, December 16, 
1716; Mary, November 3, 1717; Huldah, No- 
vember 3, 1717; David, September 2, 1722; 
Jonathan, September 2, 1722: Nathan, Sep- 
tember 23, 1722: John, September 23, 1722. 

(IV) Ephraim Hoyt, son of Ephraim and 
Hannah (Godfrey) Hoyt, was born at Hamp- 



ton Falls, and baptized there December i6 
1716. He lived in Hampton Falls until about 
1757, when he moved to Chester, New Hamp- 
shire, where he lived until his death, betweea 
February and April, 1767. In 1727 he was 
taxed at Hampton Falls, and also in 1732. 
His will was dated February 16, 1767, and 
proved April 29, 1767. He married (first) 
Sarah Clough, of Salisbury, January 3, 1726- 

27, (second) Abigail Welch, October 31, 1754, 

(third) Susanna . Children, by first 

wife: William, mentioned below; Lydia, bap>- 
tized January 15, 1744; Hannah, born Febru- 
•^•■y 5. 1730-31; Reuben, March 21, 1732-33; 
Sarah, August 2, 1735; Ephraim, February 

28, 1737-38; Mary, January 28, 1739-40; Ben- 
jamin. By second wife: Philip, born Febru- 
ary 13. 1756, at Hampton Falls; Samuel, July 
4, 1758, at Chester, New Hampshire; Thomas,, 
who may have been a child of third wife. 

(V) William Hoyt, son of Ephraim and 
Sarah (Clough) Hoyt, lived in Exeter, New 
Hampshire. He served in the French and 
Indian war, and also in the revolution. He 
was killed in battle, July 5, 1777. He was cer- 
tainly a brother of Reuben, of Salisbury and 
Enfield. He is very likely the one who mar- 
ried Sarah Smith, daughter of Benjamin 
Smith. Children : Benjamin, mentioned be- 
low; Nicholas (Smith ?) ; Abraham, born Jan- 
uary 25, 1764; Sarah, January 25, 1764; Elisha, 
died when about fourteen ; William. 

(VI) Benjamin Hoyt, son of William and 
probably of Sarah (Smith) Hoyt, was born 
abotft 1755. He was in the battle when his 
father was killed, during the revolution, but 
was unable to find the body. He moved to 
Hartford, Vermont, with his mother. He died 
February 25, 1830. He married (first) Isa- 
bella Elliot, of Exeter, (second) Widow Mack, 
(third) Widow Smith. Children, by first wife: 
Benjamin, mentioned below; Lucy E. 

(VH) Benjamin Hoyt, son of Benjamin 
and Isabella (Elliot) Hoyt, was born Octo- 
ber ID. 1779. He died August 9, 1844, his 
wife surviving him. She moved to Enfield. 
New Hampshire. He married Abigail Strong,, 
of Plainfield, New Hampshire, about 1807. 
Children: Abigail, born 1809: Isabella, 181 1; 
Mary, 1814; Benjamin; Lucius C. : George E., 
1820: Eliza, 1823, married George Clark, of 
Enfield, New Hampshire: Chastina C, 1826, 
married Elijah Miller, died July 9, 1849 (see 
Miller). 

(The Tenney Line). 

(IV) Joseph Tenney. son of Elder Samuel 
Tenney (q. v.), was bom in Bradford, March 
16, 1698-99, and married there. February 14. 
1722-23, Abigail, daughter of John and Isa- 
bella ( ) Wood, born there, December 



62 



NEW ENGLAND. 



14, 1700. She united with the First Congre- 
gational Church, September 7, 1718, and he 
July 6, 1718. In 1723 he removed to Norwich, 
Connecticut, and that same year was admitted 
to the colony. Later he removed to Wood- 
bury, Connecticut, where he died April 20, 
1775. Children, born in Norwich: Joseph, 
April 22, 1724; .\nne, February 5, 1726-27; 
John, mentioned below; Sarah, September 17, 
1731; Asa, September 4, 1733; Elijah. June 
25, 1735 ; Jesse, June 14, 1739, died in infancy; 
Jesse, April 20, 1741 ; Hannah, April 24, 1743. 

(V) John Tenney, son of Joseph Tenney, 
was born in Norwich, Connecticut, September 
2, 1729, and died February 19, 1810. He mar- 
ried, March 11, 1755, Olive Armstrong, born 
in Woodbury, July 5, 1736, died April 18, 
1806. May 5, 1760, he bought land in Wood- 
bury. In 1770 he removed to Hanover, New 
Hampshire, where he went by o.x-team. He 
bought there, November 16, 1770, three hun- 
dred acres of land located on Moose Moun- 
tain, afterwards known as Tenney Hill. Chil- 
dren, first four bom in Norwich : Silas, April 

15. ^757' Lydia, May 12, 1758, died March 7, 
1759; David, mentioned below; Reuben, July 
29, 1760; Lydia, October 23, 1761 ; Eunice, 
January 27, 1763; Andrew, October 13, 1764; 
John, July 9, 1767; Truman, .April 14, 1769, 
died January 17, 1776; Asa, November 30, 
1772, died January 23, 1776; Truman, April 
10, 1778. 

(VI) David Tenney, son of John Tenney, 
was born in Norwich, May 15, 1759, died 
March 14, 1851. He lived at Hanover, on a 
portion of the land formerly belonging to his 
father, and came there with his parents when 
eleven years of age. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, and a pensioner of that war. His 
record as given in the "History of Hanover" 
is as follows : David Tenney, private in Cap- 
tain Edmund Freeman's Hanover company. 
Colonel Jonathan Chase's regiment, June 27 
to July 3, 1777; David Tenney, of Captain 
Freeman's Hanover company, at a military 
court testified that he was present at the sur- 
render of General Burgoyne, October 17, 1777, 
their company having left home on September 
22 and being discharged October 19 ; on Janu- 
ary 21, 1780, the town of Hanover raised nine 
men to form Captain Timothy's Bush's com- 
pany, of whom David Tenney was one, and 
they served six weeks and three days, receiv- 
ing forty-eight shillings per month and twelve 
shillings bounty; on July 3, 1780, David Ten- 
ney again enlisted, for three months. 

David Tenney married (first), in Hanover, 
December 5, 1782, Susanna Durkee, born No- 
vember 7, 1765, died February 11, 1788. He 
married (second) April 9, 1789, Anna Jacobs, 



born August 23, 1765, died May 8, 1813. He 
married (third) May, 1824, widow Priscilla 
(Smith) Dole, who died at Newbury, Ver- 
mont. Children, born probably at Hanover: 
Eunice, December 21, 1783, married Elijah 
Miller (see Miller); Elisha, May 26, 1785; 
Sheldon, May 18, 1786; Susanna, January 3, 
1788. Children of the second wife: Lucy, 
February 7, 1790; Vina, May 28, 1791 ; Seth, 
October 8, 1792; Elijah, August 22, 1794; 
David, April 9, 1796; Anna, August 26, 1798; 
Olive, March 22, 1800; Percy, March 24, 
1802; Joseph, April 15, 1804. 



James Dugan was born in county 
DUGAN Tipperary, Ireland, in 1836, died 
in Webster, Massachusetts, in 
1908. He came to this country in 1852, and 
made his home in Webster, Worcester county, 
Massachusetts, where he was employed through- 
out his active life. In religion he was a Cath- 
olic, in politics a Democrat. 

Mr. Dugan married (first) Margaret Spen- 
cer, born in Worcester, June 26, 1843, died 
1871, daughter of William and Mary Spencer. 
Her sister Jane was born in that city, Febru- 
ary 26, 1846. Michael Spencer, of this family, 
married Mary Dugan. John Spencer married 
Jean Brien. Mr. Dugan married (second) 
Jane Breen, born in Ireland in 1831, and is 
now living in Webster, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren by first wife: i. Mary Alice, born 1867, 
died in 1899; married Henry Andre, and had 
children : Frederick, James, John, William and 
Mary Andre. 2. Dr. William J., mentioned 
below. 3. John William, died unmarried. 
Child by second wife: Lawrence J., born No- 
vember 17, 1874; a prominent citizen of Web- 
ster, a leading Democrat, formerly representa- 
tive to the general court for the district com- 
prising the towns of Webster, Oxford and 
EHidley, Worcester county, Massachusetts ; 
married ; children: James and Mar- 
garet. 

(II) Dr. William J. Dugan, son of James 
Dugan. was born September 18, 1869, at Web-, 
ster, Massachusetts. He attended the public 
schools and the Webster high school, com- 
pleting his preparation for college at Phillips 
.Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire. In 1893 
he entered Jefiferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, and was graduated with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine in 1896. For sixteen 
years he has been connected with the out- 
patient department of that institution, and he 
is now in the neurological out-patient depart- 
ment of the same college, assistant neurologist 
and lecturer on electro-therapeutics. He is a 
member of the .American Medical Association, 
the Pennsylvania State Medical Society, the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



63 



Philadelphia County Medical Society, the 
Medico-Legal Society of Medical Jurispru- 
dence, the Pathological Society, the Neuro- 
logical Society, the Philadelphia Psycho-Ther- 
apeutic Society, the American Electro-Ther- 
apeutic Society, the Medical Club of Philadel- 
phia, the New England Society of Philadel- 
phia, the Phillips-Exeter Alumni Association, 
and the Jefferson Medical Alumni Society. He 
is the author of a medical work entitled "Man- 
ual of Electro-Therapeutics," published by the 
F. A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, in 1910. 
Within a year it has been adopted as a text- 
book by twenty medical colleges in the L'nited 
States. He is a specialist with extensive ex- 
perience in diseases of the nerves, having his 
offices in the Flanders building. Fifteenth and 
Walnut streets, Philadelphia. His residence is 
at Overbrook, No. 1908 North Sixty-third 
street. He is one of the best known specialists 
in electro-therapeutics and electro-physics. In 
religion he is a Roman Catholic, in politics a 
Republican. 

He married, April 12, 1899, Nan Marie, born 
in Philadelphia. March 25, 1883, daughter of 
Bernard and Ella Marie (Howell) Gillespie. 
Dr. and Mrs. Dugan have no children. 



cla 



ss ; m 



The surname Thayer was orig- 
THAYER inally Tayer, Tawier and Taw- 

yer, and is a trade name for 
one who dresses skins. The letter "h" was not 
added until after the family came to New 
England, and in the Mendon line that letter 
was silent as in Thomas, until quite recently. 
The home of the family in England was Thorn- 
bury, in the western part of Gloucestershire, 
a short distance from the river Severn, eleven 
miles north of Bristol. The narrle is now ex- 
tinct in Thornbury. The spelling Theyer and 
Thayern, with the same root form "Taw" has 
long been used by the family at Brockworth, 
Gloucestershire, a parish twenty-five miles 
northeast of Thornbury, and there was a fam- 
ily of Tawyerat Raounds in Northamptonshire, 
about eighty miles northeast of Brockworth 
and one hundred and five miles from Thorn- 
bury ; also a family of Thayer at Great Bad- 
dow and later at Thayden Garnen in county 
Essex, afterwards of London ; but no con- 
nection between these families has been estab- 
lished, so far as is known. In an account of 
".Able and Sufficient Men in Body fit for His 
Majesty's Service in the Wars, within the 
County of Gloucester in the Month of August 
1608," given in three classes, namely, those 
about twenty years, those about forty years, 
and those between fifty and sixty years of age, 
there appear in Thornbury, Edward, John, 
Nicholas and Richard Tayer, all of the second 



— comb, eight miles northeast of 
Thornbury, John Thayer, of the second class, 
and in Brockworth and its vicinity, Johti 
Theyer of the first class, Richard, Rr)ger, 
Thomas, Walter and William Theyer of the 
second class, Gabriel, Giles, John Thomas of 
the first class, and William Thayer of the sec- 
ond class. The Thornbury parish register be- 
gins in A. D. 1538, with breaks from 1645 to 
1660 and from 1679 to 1684 (see "New Eng- 
land Register." 1906, page 283, for copy of 
baptisms, etc.). 

John Thayer or Tayer was baptized Janu- 
ary 4. 1557-58. and another John, son of 
Thomas, October 15, 1558. The godfathers 
and godmothers are given, but as a rule the 
parents' names are omitted. A Richard Tayer 
or Tawier was baptized .August 2, 1562, and a 
Thomas, February 12, i5(x)-70. It is prob- 
able that either Thomas or Richard was father 
of the American ancestors, Richard and 
Thomas. The will of Thomas was dated Feb- 
ruary 13, 1622, and proved May 20, 1623. 

(I) Richard Thayer, immigrant ancestor, 
settled in Boston, Massachusetts, and his son 
Richard settled in Braintree. He was born 
and baptized in Thornbury, Gloucestershire, 
England, April, 1601, and came to America in 
1641, bringing with him, according to a de- 
position of his son Richard, eight children. He 
was a shoemaker by trade. He married (first) 
in Thornbury. xApril 5, 1624, Dorothy Morti- 
more. He married (second) Jane Parker, 
widow of John Parker, and in 1658 joined her 
in a deed to her Parker children. He died 
before 1668 (see Suffolk Deeds V., 446). 
Children : Richard, mentioned below ; Cor- 
nelius ; Deborah, baptized February, 1629-30; 
Jael, married, March 17, 1654, John Harbour 
Jr.; Sarah, married, July 20, 1651, Samuel 
Davis; Hannah, married. May 28, 1664, Sam- 
uel Hayden ; Zachariah, died July 29, 1693 ; 
.Abigail, died August 6, 1717; Nathaniel, bom 
about 1650. 

(tl) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) 
Thayer, was baptized February 10. 1624-25, 
died at Braintree, Massachusetts, August 27. 
1695. He married, December 24, 1651, Doro- 
thv Pray and lived in Braintree. She died 
December II, 1705. Children: Dorothy, born 
.August 30, 1653 : Richard, mentioned below : 
Nathaniel, January i, 1658; Abigail, Febru- 
ary ID, 166 1 : Joannah. December 13, 1665; 
Sarah, December 13, 1667; Cornelius, Septem- 
ber 18. 1670. 

(Ill) Richard (3). son of Richard (2) 
Thayer, was born .August 31, 1655, died De- 
cember 4, 1705, or September 11, 1729. He 
married, July 16, 1679, Rebecca Micall, and 
lived in Braintree. She was born January 22. 



64 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1658. Children: Rebecca, born August 16, 
1680; Benjamin, October 6, 1683; Richard, 
January 26, 1685 ; John, mentioned below ; 
Mary, February 10, 1689; James, November 
12, 1691 ; Deborah, April 11, 1695; Anna, No- 
vember 14, 1697; Gideon, July 26, 1700; Obe- 
diah, May i, 1703, died April 5, 1721. 

(IV) John, son of Richard (3) Thayer, was 
born January 12, 1688, died September 10, 
1745. He married, May 26, 171 5, Dependence 
French, and lived in Braintree. Children : 
John, born February 18, 1716; John, July 27, 
1717; Benjamin, January 11, 1720; Obediah, 
December 31, 1721 ; Micah, October 31, 1723; 
Richard, December 15, 1725, died January 30, 
1727 ; Richard, mentioned below ; Abiah, June 
25. 1729; Simeon, March 22, 1732; Elijah, 
July 16, 1736. 

(V) Richard (4), son of John Thayer, was 
born January 26, 1727. He married, 1752, 
Susan Randall, and settled in Randolph, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children : Randall, bom June 8, 
1753; Susannah, June 14, 1754; Rhoda. Sep- 
tember 9, 1755; Richard, September 13. 1757: 
Barnabas, October 12, 1759; Rebecca. April 
12, 1761; Sarah, October 19, 1763; Bezer, 
mentioned below; Phineas, March 7, 1767; 
Jonathan, January 9, 1769; Luther, July 17, 
1771 ; Anna, January 24, 1773. 

(VI) Bezer. son of Richard (4) Thayer, 
was born at Randolph, March 5, 1765. He 
married. 1788, Eunice Howard, and lived in 
Randolph. Children, born in Randolph: Eli- 
phalet, mentioned below; Loring, July 18. 
1791 ; Charlotte, March 8, 1793 ; Bezer, March 
30, 1795; Eunice, July 20, 1797; Harriet, Au- 
gust 10, 1799; Minot, April 5, 1801 ; Azel, De- 
cember 26, 1802; Jason, November 28, 1804. 

(VII) Eliphalet, son of Bezer Thayer, was 
born at Randolph, July 4, 1789, died June 29, 
1867. He was a farmer. He married (first) 
March 28. 181 3. Mary Davenport Vose. and 
Hved at Dorchester, Massachusetts. His wife 
died October 20. 1829 (see Vose VI). He 
married (second) Jane Hunt, September 26, 
1832. Children by first wife : Henry Vose, 
born January 26, 1814; Edward Loring, De- 
cember 3, 1815; Warren. August 28. 1817; 
Richard C. mentioned below : Lydia Caroline, 
September 8, 1822; Child, August 11. 1824; 
Hannah Vose, September 9, 1825. Children 
of second wife: Martha Jane, March i, 1834; 
George. August i. 1835; Alice, September 12, 
1837 ; Seth. December 9, 1839. 

(VIII) Richard C. son of Eliphalet Thayer, 
was born at Dorchester. October 5, 1819. He 
married. October 31. 1841, Julia .K. C. Wads- 
worth, and lived at 3 Lyon Place. Boston, 
Massachusetts. Children : Richard Loring, 
born March 6, 1843; Frank James, mentioned 



below; Henry B., March 3, 1854; Charles 
\'ose. September 24, 1856. 

(IX) Frank James, son of Richard C. 
Thayer, was born in Somerville, Massachu- 
setts, September 15, 1852. He was educated 
there in the public schools. His occupation is 
foreman of Boston postoffice. In religion he 
is non-sectarian, and in politics independent. 
He resides in Somerville. He married Susan 
W'addington Holden. Among their children 
was Albert Roland, mentioned below. 

(X) Albert Roland, son of Frank James 
Thayer, was born in Roxbury, Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. January 14, 1878. He attended the 
public schools of his native place. He started 
in the banking business as messenger for the 
Blackstone National Bank, corner of Hanover 
and Union streets. Boston. Afterward he was 
a clerk in the Second National Bank of Bos- 
ton, and held various positions of trust there 
during the six years following. For three 
years he was with the banking house of E. H. 
Rollins & Sons, of Boston and New York, and 
two years with the banking house of Thomas 
Xew'hall. banker and broker, of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania. When Mr. Newhall became a 
member of the firm of Edward B. Smith & 
Company. Chestnut street, corner of Broad, 
Philadelphia, on December i, 1909, Mr. Thayer 
became connected with the company, and has 
been salesmanager of the bond department 
since January, 1910. In politics he is inde- 
pendent, and in religion non-sectarian. He is 
a member of the New England Society of 
Philadelphia. His home is at 1843 North 
Thirteenth street, Philadelphia. 

(The Vose Line). 

(I) Robert Vose, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in Garston, near Liverpool, county Lan- 
caster, England, about 1599, died in Milton, 
Massachusetts, October 16, 1683, son of 
Thomas and Anna Vose. In July, 1654, he 
purchased of the heirs of "Worshipful John 
Glover" one hundred and seventy-four acres 
of land in Dorchester, afterwards Milton, on 
the easterly and southerly sides of "Cobert 
Baddocks River." A part of this land has re- 
mained in the family for two and a half cen- 
turies. Robert Vose was a prominent man in 
the town. He was one of the three petitioners 
for the incorporation of Milton. He gave to 
the town in 1664 eight acres of land for church 
purposes near Vose's lane and Center street, 
now occupied in part by the Blanchard house. 
He was active in church affairs. He lived in 
the old Glover house, near the junction of 
Canton avenue and Brook road. He married 
Jane , who died in October. 1675. Chil- 
dren : Edward, born 1636; Thomas, mentioned 



NEW ENGLAND. 



6S 



below ; Elizabeth, married, December 9, 1657, 
Thomas Swift ; Martha, married Lieutenant 
John Sharp, of Muddy Brook (Brookline), 
who was killed in the Sudbury fight by the 
Indians. 

(II) Thomas, son of Robert Vose, was born 
about 1641, died April 3, 1708. He was a 
man of more than ordinary standing in the 
town. For many years he was town clerk and 
under his management the records were kept 
systematically and carefully. He was ah offi- 
cer in the French and Indian war and went on 
the expedition to Canada. He was representa- 
tive to the general court. He married Wait- 
still Wyatt, who died January 8. 1727, aged 
eighty- four years. Her mother, Mary Wyatt, 
was ninety-two years of age when she died, 
and the Dorchester town records say that 
"she was instrumental for the bringing into the 
world of one thousand one hundred and odd 
children." Children: Elizabeth; Henry, men- 
tioned below ; Jane ; Thomas, married Han- 
nah . 

(III) Lieutenant Henry Vose, son of 
Thomas Vose, was born .A.pril 9, 1663, died 
March 26, 1752, aged eighty-nine. He married 
Elizabeth Babcock, born October 24, 1666, 
died November 18, 1732. Children: Waitstill, 
Robert, mentioned below ; Mary, Elizabeth, 
Martha, Abigail, Hepzibah, Beulah. Thomas. 

(IV) Lieutenant Robert (2) Vose, son of 
Lieutenant Henry Vose, was born October 25, 
1693, died April 20, 1760. He married, Sep- 
tember 14, 1721, Abigail Sumner, born Janu- 
ary 31, 1699-170x3, died December 20. 1769. 
Her brother, Seth Sumner, was great-grand- 
father of Hon. Charles Sumner and of Gen- 
eral Edwin Vose Sumner, of the United States 
army. Robert Vose occupied the farm on the 
corner of Brush Hill road and Atherton street, 
Milton, which remained in the possession of 
the family until about 1880. His sons were 
remarkable for their height. Children : Oth- 
niel, Waitstill, Robert, Henry, Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; William, James, Elizabeth, Abi- 
gail, Thomas, Joshua. Benjamin. 

(V) Samuel, son of Lieutenant Robert (2) 
Vose, was born May 13, 1730, at Milton, died 
there November 9, 1804, aged seventy-four. 

He married Sarah . Children, born at 

Milton: Susanna, April 3, 1756; Samuel, men- 
tioned below; Ann, October 27, 1762. 

(VI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel ( i) Vose, 
was horn at Milton, March 6, 1760. He mar- 
ried Miriam Billings (see Billings IV). Chil- 
dren, born at Milton: Peter, October 8, 1777; 
Charles, June 14. 1783; Lydia Billings. March 
II, 1792; Mary Davenport, at East Windsor, 
Connecticut, January 22. 1794, married at Mil- 
ton, Eliphalet Thayer (see Thayer VII). 

i— 5 



(The Bluings Line). 



(I) Roger Billings, immigrant ancestor, was 
a carpenter by trade, and a proprietor of Dor- 
chester, Massachusetts, in 1640. He was ad- 
niitted a freemm. May 18, 1648. He bought 
of the Indians a tract of land two and a half 
by two miles, part of which was taken off in 
establishing the Rhode Island line. In 1662 
he was one of the petitioners for si.x miles 
square for a township at Warranoco. He 
died November 15, 1683. aged si.\ty-five years 
(gravestone). His will was dated February 
2, 1680, and November 13, 1683, and proved 
December 13, 1683. He married (first) Mary 

, who died in 1644: (second) Hannah 

, who died May 25, 1662: (third) Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of John Pratt. Children: 
Mary, born July 10, 1643, died December 10, 
1643; Mary, baptized November 23, 1645, 
married, December 16, 1663, Samuel Belcher: 
Hannah, married. February 24, 1665, John 
Penniman ; Joseph ; Ebenezer, baptized Octo- 
ber 26, 165 1, married Hannah Wales; Samuel, 
baptized October 26, 1651: Roger, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, born October 27, 1659; Zep- 
pora. born May 21, 1662, died October 8, 1676; 
Jonathan, died January 14, 1677. 

(II) Roger (2), son of Roger (i) Billings, 
was born November 16, 1657, died January 

17, 1717-18. He settled in Canton, Massachu- 
setts. He was married. January 22, 1678. by 
Governor Bradstreet, to Sarah Paine, who died 
September 19, 1742, aged eighty-four, daugh- 
ter of Stephen Paine, of Braintree. Massachu- 
setts. Children: Hannah, born January 21, 
1679: Joseph, mentioned below; John, March 
10, 1683; Roger. January 9, 1685; William, 
July 27, 1686; Sarah, February 2-j. 1687-88; 
Stephen, .August 27, 1691 ; Mehitable, Janu- 
ary 21, 1693-94; mioses, November 20. 1696; 
Ann, .\ugust 4, 1698; Abigjail, February 15, 
1700; Elizabeth, June 21, 1701 ; Isaac, July 9, 
1703; Daughter, alive 1742. 

(III) Joseph, son of Roger (2) Billings, 
was born at Milton or Canton. May 27, 1681. 
He settled at Milton, and died there January 

18. 1765. He married Ruhamah Babcock. who 
died there February 2. 1740. aged fifty- four. 
Children, born at Milton : Hannah, February 
25, 1707; Joseph, June 17. 1708; Benjamin, 
September 6, 1711, died October 28, 1711; 
Sarah, born November 6. 1712. died September 
21, 1714: Patience, March 21. 1717: Ebenezer, 
mentioned below; John, born ^Iay 29, 1722; 
Ruhamah, February 19, 1725. 

(IV) Ebenezer, son of Joseph Billings, was 
born at Milton. September 19, 1719, died Sep- 
tember 16. 1766. He married (first) Jerusha 
. He married (second) at Milton, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1749, Miriam Davenport, who died 



66 



NEW ENGLAND. 



December 19, 1785 (see Davenport III). Chil- 
dren of first wife: Jerusha, born February 8, 
1745, died young; Jerusha, October 29, 1746, 
died November 5, 1746. Children by second 
wife: Mary, November 5, 1750: Hannah, No- 
vember 5. 1752: Joseph, March 26. 1757: 
Lydia, March 21, 1760; Miriam, April 10, 
1763, married Samuel Vose (see Vose VI); 
Benjamin. October 26, 1765. 

(The Davenport Line). 

The English ancestry of the famous Rev. 
John Davenport, founder of New Haven, Con- 
necticut, has been traced for many centuries in 
England. The Davenport surname is traced 
to the earliest period of the use of hereditary 
family names. Besides Rev. John Davenport, 
Captain Richard Davenport, of Salem, and 
Thomas Davenport, mentioned below, were in 
Massachusetts before 1640. The families used 
the same coat-of-arms. indicating common an- 
cestry, but the relationship has not been traced. 

(I) Thomas Davenport, immigrant ances- 
tor, came from England to Dorchester. Massa- 
chusetts, where he was admitted to the church, 
Ncvember 20, 1640. His wife Mary joined 
the church. March 8, 1644, and died October 
4, 1691. He was admitted a freeman, May 18, 
1642. and was elected constable in 1670. He 
probably lived on the east slope of Mount 
Bowdoin, near Bowdoin street and Union ave- 
nue. He bought a house and land of William 
Pegrom. November 26, 1663, and of William 
Blake. February 5, 1666. His will was dated 
July 24. 1663, bequeathing his homestead to 
his son John after his wife's death. He died 
November 9, 1685. His estate was appraised 
at three hundred and thirty-seven pounds, six- 
teen shillings, eight pence. Children, born at 
Dorchester: Sarah, December 28. 1645; 
Thomas, baptized March 2, 1645. killed in the 
Narragansett fight in King Philip's war, De- 
cember, 1676; Mary, baptized January 21. 
1649; Charles, baptized December 7, 1652: 
.\bigail. baptized July 8, 1655 ; Mehitable, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1657, died October 18, 1663; Jona- 
than, March 6. 1659: Ebenezer, April 28, 1661 : 
John, mentioned below. 

(ID John, son of Thomas Davenport, was 
born in Dorchester. fJctober 20. 1664, died at 
Milton, Massachusetts. March 21. 1725. He 
inherited the homestead after his mother's 
death, and after she died he moved to Milton, 
where his name is first found on the ta.x list 
of 1707. In Milton he lived on the old farm 
still standing on the Isaac Davenport estate. 
owned by the family. His will is in the pro- 
bate office of Suffolk county. He married 
Naomi, who died January 7. 1739. supposed 
to have been the Naomi, daughter of Timothy 



Foster, of Dorchester, who was born there 
February 11. 1668. Children, born in Dor- 
chester, except the last : John, mentioned be- 
low ; Samuel, October 20, 1697 ; Ephraim. bap- 
tized .August 6, 1699; Joseph, born August 30. 
1701 ; Stephen, October 8, 1703; Mehitable, 
August 30, 1705; Benjamin, August 12, 1707. 
(Ill) John (2). son of John (i) Daven- 
port, was born in Dorchester, June 10, 1695, 
died at Stoughton, Massachusetts, July 20, 
1778. He married, in Milton, June 10, 1725. 
Mary, daughter of Joseph Bent. She was bap- 
tized January 28, 1699, died July 20, 1768. 
Children, all born in the part of Stoughton 
now Canton: Mary, November 19, 1729; 
Miriam. April 15, 1732, married, February 23, 
1749, Ebenezer Billings, of Milton (see Bill- 
ings I\') ; Mariah. November 13. 1735; John. 
November i, 1737; Mehitable, April 30, 1740. 



(Genealogy by Mrs. M. H. O. France-Rice, of South 
Montrose, Pa.) 

The Bunnell family dates back 
BUNNELL to Normandy. France, where 
they were called La Bunnells. 
When they came to England is not known, but 
a Bunnell historian visited England from Con- 
necticut many years ago, and traced the family 
back to the eleventh century, when William 
La Bunnell came to England from Normandy 
as aide-de-camp on the staff of William the 
Conqueror in 1066. Their coat-of-arms is 
still preserved, but the French La was dropped. 
The ancestry is traced from three brothers. 
William (mentioned below), Solomon and 
Benjamin, who came from Cheshire, England, 
in 1638. and settled at New Haven. Connecti- 
cut. When the first census was taken in 1790 
in the Thirteen Colonies, there were Bunnells 
recorded in every state, and their descendants 
are widespread. Beginning with the first at 
New Haven, historians wrote of them as "be- 
ing without exception men of character and 
piety, who used every opportunity to promote 
education and religion, and were the first in 
all history to adopt a written constitution and 
to refuse compensation for public service." 

( I ) William Bunnell, the immigrant ances- 
tor, came with his brothers Solomon and Ben- 
jamin from Cheshire, England, in 1638, and 
settled in New Haven, Connecticut, where he 
married, in 1640, Anna, daughter of Benja- 
min Wilmot. 

(II) Benjamin, eldest son of William Bun- 
nell, was born in 1642, and married Rebecca, 
daughter of Peter Mallory. They had ten chil- 
dren. 

(III) Benjamin (2). son of Benjamin (i) 
Bunnell, was born about 1676. Children: Re- 
becca, born 1701 : Hannah, 1702; Benjamin, 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



67 



1704; Solomon, mentioned beknv ; (iershom, 
1707; Natlianiel ; Isaac. 1713. 

(IV) Solomon, son of Benjamin (2) Bun- 
nell, was born in 1705. He married Mary 
Holdrem, about 1737, and moved from Xew 
Haven about 1740 to Kingwood. Xew Jersey. 
His brother came with him as far as Elizabeth, 
Xew Jersey, where he located, and spelled his 
name Bonnell. About 1760 Solomon moved 
to .Middle Smithfield. Bucks (now Monroe) 
county, Pennsylvania, where he died in 1779. 
Children: I. Isaac, born July 13. 1738: mar- 
ried Lanah Barkalve, 1766, and had eight chil- 
dren. 2. Solomon, married Eleanor Fo.x, two 
children. 3. Benjamin, mentioned below. 4. 
Rachel, married Benjamin P.rink. one child. 
5. Patty (Martha), married (first) Robert 
Hanners, and (second) John Lock, three chil- 
dren. 6. Polly (Mary), married Elias Daily, 
three children : returned to Connecticut. 7. 
Lizzie (Elizabeth), married Benjamin Drake. 
8. Rebecca. 

(V) Benjamin (3). son of Solomon Bun- 
nell, was born Xovember lo. 1742. in King- 
wood, Xew Jersey. He married Catharine 
Barry (Barre) in 1778. When about eleven 
years old he came with his parents to "The 
Hollow." in Monroe county. Pennsylvania, 
where he later inherited a part of his father's 
farm. Catharine Barry was daughter of James 
and Hester ( Bryant) Barry, of Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania. She was born Xovember 26, 
1759. and died September 5. 1843, ^^d was 
buried in the Bunnell Cemetery at "The Xeck," 
Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, At the be- 
ginning of the revolutionary war, Benjamin 
was induced by his father to remain at home, 
care for the family and attend the farm, while 
he entered the service. After his father's 
health failed the records show that he enlisted 
in 1778. remaining to the close of the war. He 
took his newly wedded wife to a fort in Xew 
Jersey, where their eldest child Polly was born. 
By his military service Benjamin's health was 
a great deal impaired for future usefulness. 
Children: i. Mary (Polly), born August 5, 
1778, died January 24, 1838; married John 
Jayne, father of David. Benjamin, and .\aron. 
2. Elizabeth. February 13. 1780: married Will- 
iam Ja\-ne, in 1797, had twelve children, ainong 
whom was son Allan, born June 20. 1812, mar- 
ried Margaret Hankinson, of Xew Jersey, and 
left ij. property valued at about $250,000, at 
Meshcopen, Pennsylvania, when he died. 3. 
Esther. 1781 ; married Moses Kennedy: went 
to Ohio e^rly in 1800. 4. Rebecca. October 17, 
1782. djed July 7. 1850: married Moses Bart- 
romiKJtlff'ltussell Hill. Wyoming county. Penn- 
-sybiai^jacQhine children. 5. Martha, October 
I-. ''^SjAdied January 19, 1856; married, July 



10, 1810, John Place: lived on homestead at 
Middle Smithfield, where Frederick Place, a 
grandson, now resides. 6. Benjamin, October 
29, 1788. died February 27, 1880; married 
Mary Eve Ozies, in 1806: died at Bunnell Hill, 
Wyoming county, 7. John, .August 13, 1790, 
died .August 11, 1872; married Mary Place, 
July 10, 1810, fourteen children: was first class 
leader in .Methodist church founded at \'os- 
burg in 1816, was converted at a camj) meeting 
in 181 5. 8. Solomon, mentioned below'. 9. 
Isaac. I'ebruary 18. 1795, died June 26, 1832; 
married, 1815, .Anna Overfield, granddaughter 
of Nicholas DePue, of Minisink. eight chil- 
dren. 10. Catharine. March 13, 1797, died 
February 20, 1892: married (first) Dr. Elijah 
Carney, of .Mehooany, and had Benjamin: 
married (second) Benjamin Crawford, and 
had four children. 11. James. May 29, 1799, 
died March. 1879: married Lovisa Russell, 
nine children. 12. Gershom, December 15, 
1803, died June 8, 1855; married Sarah Kel- 
logg, January i, 1823, two children. 

(\I) Solomon, son of Benjamin (3) Bun- 
nell, was born July 21, 1792, and died May 22, 
1874. He married Eleanor Place, .August 19, 
1812. at .Middle Smithfield, and with his five 
other brothers, became pioneer farmers in 
Wyoming county. He located on a farm over- 
looking Black Walnut Bottom, which is noted 
as having been a camping ground, .August 4, 
1779, for General Sullivan's army on its way 
to destroy the Indians at the (jreat Lakes. 
Children: i. Elizabeth, married .Ansel Gay, 
when fourteen years old. and had seventeen 
children. 2. .Anna, born .August 17, 1814, died 
January 2, 18 17. 3. John, mentioned below. 
4. James, died ^lay 28, 1884, aged nearly si.x- 
ty-seven years ; married Mary .Ann Luce, nine 
children, of whom two, Carrie and Ella, are 
now living. 5. Mary .Ann. July 10. 18 19. died 
-August ID. 1820. 6. Eleanor, married William 
Cooley. of South Auburn. Sus(|uehanna coun- 
ty. Pennsylvania, four children. 7. .Kurelia. 
married Isaac Carter, Xovember 25, 1851. died 
October 2"/, 1867; four children. 8. Phoebe, 
March 11, 1825. died February 11. 1826. 9. 
Infant daughter, born and died January 15, 
1830. 10. Infant daughter, born Mav 7. died 
May 8. 1832. 

(\TI) John, son of Solomtm Bunnell, was 
born May 20, 1816, and died January 2},, 1887. 
He married. May 19. 1836. Laura .M. Whit- 
comb. Children: i. .Alrisa Leaman. born Janu- 
ary 5. 1840: married (first) Etna Storm, and 
had Frank Wesley, and died in 1864: married 
( second ) .Alice Williams, and had daughter 
Jessie. 2. Wesley. October 12. 1841 : married 
Hannah .A. Hadlock. and had Clarence L'dell : 
died October 12. 1903. 3. Henry Clay, men- 



68 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



tioned below. 4. Albert. May 11. 1845; '■"^'■- 
ried Harriet A. Overfield, six children ; died 
October 7, 1906. 5. George Marble, January 

13, 1849. died April 28, 1849. 6. Amma Del- 
phine, December 12, 1855; married Henry 
Bacon. October 8, 1877; seven children. 

(Vni) Henry Clay, son of John Bunnell, 
was born May 20, 1843. He married, Febru- 
ary 6, 1866, Lydia Martha Overfield (see 
Overfield IV). He is now living in Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. He was a farmer and county 
commissioner. Children: i. William Over- 
field, mentioned below. 2. Dana \\ hitcomb, 
born September 29, 1870, died January 7, 1877. 
3. Annie Laura, November 12, 1872, died May 

14, 1875. 4. Mary Otta, February 27, 1876; 
a trained nurse of Scranton, Pennsylvania. 5. 
Hartley Tohn, August 14. 1878, died Septem- 
ber 8. 1882. 6. Harry Wesley, May 9, 1883, 
died February 17. 1888. 7. Infant son, June 9, 
1887, died same day. 

(IX) William Overfield Bunnell, son of 
Henry Clay Bunnell, was born at Meshoppen, 
Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, July 22, 1867. 
He received his early education in the public 
and private schools of his native place. At the 
age of sixteen he became a clerk in the drug 
store of N. & E. H. Wells, in his home town, 
and continued for two years there. Having 
a natural inclination toward surgery and medi- 
cine, he was often called upon to assist in 
operations, and at an early age acquired much 
practical knowledge of the profession he after- 
ward followed. On account of ill health at the 
age of eighteen years, he returned to his 
father's home and for three years assisted him 
in the stone (]uarrying and lumbering business. 
When he came of age he began at the bottom 
of the ladder in the railroad business as brake- 
man on the Lehigh Valley railroad, and soon 
won promotion to the position of conductor. 
When the railroad extension was built from 
Sayre to Buffalo he was placed in charge of 
some of the construction work. Leaving the 
railroad business soon afterward, he resumed 
the study of medicine under the instruction of 
Dr. Jacob Biles, at Meshoppen, and a year 
later entered the Eclectic Sledical School at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, taking four full lecture 
courses and graduating with the degree of 
doctor of medicine June 5, 1894. He passed 
the examinations of the State Medical Board 
with an exceptionally high average, receiving 
marks of 100 per cent, in five branches. After 
serving in the Eclectic Medical School two 
terms as prosector of anatomy and assistant 
demonstrator of histology, he was appointed 
to the chair of diagnosis and hygiene in the 
Medical School of Lincoln L'niversity at Lin- 
coln, Nebraska. He resigned on account of ill- 



ness and returned home. After he took two 
full courses of lectures at the Golden Cross 
Medical College, at Chicago, and received the 
degrees of D. O. and D. .A. O. He then open- 
ed an office at Wilkes- Barre, Pennsylvania, 
making a specialty of diseases of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat. After three years he found 
the confinement to office practice was again 
undermining his health, and he turned to 
general practice in the country, locating at 
Conyngham, where he had to be outdoors 
much of the time. His health improved and 
he decided to make a specialty of medical 
jurisprudence, and he began to study law in the 
office of \'osburg & Dawson at Scranton, Penn- 
sylvania. After two years he entered the 
Indiana Law School of Indianapolis Univer- 
sity, Indianapolis, and took three full courses 
of lectures, not missing a lecture or failing in 
a recitation during his course. He was gradu- 
ated in due course with the degree of LL. B. 
in 1908, and was admitted to the bar and to 
practice in the supreme court of Indiana and 
in the L'nited States circuit court. While a 
law student he read law in the office of Colonel 
James A. Rohback, the dean of the Law 
School. After practicing law a short time in 
Indianapolis, he returned to Conyngham as 
clerk in the office of John Kelly, making a spe- 
cial study of Pennsylvania statutes and prac- 
tice, and was admitted to the bar in Luzerne 
county, March 14, 1910, by the late Judge 
John Lynch. He opened an office at 12 Swartz 
Block, Hazelton, Pennsylvania, and another 
at 105 Coal Exchange Building, Wilkes-Barre. 
E>r. Bunnell is one of the few successful men 
following two difficult professions, law and 
medicine, and has made an enviable reputation 
in medical jurisprudence. His residence is at 
No. 256 North Washington street, Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania. 

He is a member of the Pennsylvania Medical 
Association and vice-president of the Physi- 
cians and Surgeons Mutual Insurance Asso- 
ciation of the L'nited States. He has con- 
tributed frecjuently to medical journals. He 
is prominent in a number of fraternal organ- 
izations. He joined the Ki-Men-Chee Tribe. / 
Improved Order of Red Men, at Meshoppen, / 
Pennsylvania, and was the founder of Sha-/ 
Man Tribe of this order at Conyngham. Tlvt 
name "Sha-Man" is the Indian term for "medi- 
cine man," the lodge being named in honor of 
its founder. Dr. Bunnell. He was district 
deputy for one term. He is also a mepiber of 
Conyngham Lodge, Xo. 208, I. O-' Gtr'CF. ;. 
Wyoming \'alley Encampment, X'o. iSi'L'C). 

0. F. : Canton, Xo. 31, PatriarchsJitP'-tait. 

1. O. O. F. : Goldie Lodge, No. 108. Daag^ t*iirs 
of Rebekah : Patriotic Order Sons of ».-\'^iica. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



69 



Camp No. 206, being chief surgeon of the 
Second Regiment. Mihtary Reserves of the 
same, with the rank of major. He is also a 
member of Diamond City Court. No. 46, Tribe 
of Ben-Hur, being medical examiner of the 
same. He was the organizer of Power City 
Lodge, No. 202, Loyal Order of Moose; a 
member of Haymakers Association, No. 165^/^, 
L O. R. M., and various other orders, being a 
member in all of fourteen different organiza- 
tions. In religion he is a member of the Chris- 
tian Church. In poHtics Dr. Bunnell is a Re- 
publican. 

He married (first) March 20. 1895, Eloise 
Hines, who was born at Lacyville, Wyoming 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1873. He married 
(second) August 15, 1902, Rose Pease, who 
was born at Dayton, Ohio, in 1873. Child by 
first wife: Marjorie Elizabeth, born January 
2. 1896. Children of second wife: William 
Henry, born July 28, 1904: Harry Albert, Sep- 
tember 2, 1906, at Conyngham. * 

Mrs. Bunnell was the founder of Sha- 
hoctee Council, Daughters of Pocahontas, at 
Conyngham, Pennsylvania, the name "Sha- 
hoctee'" meaning medicine woman, and this 
lodge was named in honor of Mrs. Bunnell, 
who was a professional nurse before her mar- 
riage. 

(The Overfleld Line). 
(By Mrs. M. H. O. France-Rice). 

The Overfields or Eberfields are a numerous 
and well-known family in Germany, where 
there are large historic towns of the same 
name. The first written mention of the fam- 
ily in America is in the book, "The Great In- 
dian Walk and Life of Edward Marshall," by 
his descendant, William J. Buck, in regard to 
Marshall's walking a vast tract of land from 
the Indians in Eastern Pennsylvania in 1737. 
He married Elizabeth Overfield, or "L^eber- 
feldt," about 1734; her parents were located 
on the east bank of the Delaware river, in New 
Jersey, above Easton, Pennsylvania, in the 
famous Minisink regions. The name of Eliz- 
abeth's father is not known, but he was born 
near Stuttgart, Germany, and emigrated to 
America in 1722. 

( f ) Paul, brother of Elizabeth Overfield, 
was born in 1715, in Germany, and when 
seven years of age came with his parents to 
America. He married Rebecca Marshall, sis- 
ter of Edward, the noted Indian walker. He 
died in Middle Smithfield, Monroe county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1800, aged eighty-five. Chil- 
dren: Abner : Benjamin, mentioned below; 
Sarah ; Mary ; Rachel : Paul Jr. ; William ; 
Martin. 

fll) Benjamin, son of Paul Overfield, was 
born in 1751, in Middle Smithfield, and died 



October 27, 1813, in Braintrim. Luzerne (now 
Wyoming) county, Pennsylvania. He enlisted 
in the Continental army in 1776, and was in 
the battles of Trenton and Princeton, New 
Jersey. He also fought at Chadd's Ford and 
Germantown, Pennsylvania. He and his 
brothers Abner and Martin were in the forces 
when General Sullivan was dispatched by Gen- 
eral Washington in the summer of 1779 to raid 
the Indians in Genesee Valley, New York. His 
brother-in-law, Moses \'an Campen was quar- 
termaster. During this excursion from Easton, 
Pennsylvania, Benjamin located his homestead 
in the fastnesses of the wilderness along the 
Susquehanna river at Brick Chapel, as it is 
now known, Wyoming county, Pennsylvania. 
He and his brothers .\bner and Martin were in 
the Fifth Battalion of Northampton county, 
and were honorably discharged in 178 1. He 
removed his family to the new home in the 

spring of 1794. He married (first) 

Gonzales, a descendant of Spanish nobility. 
He married (second) Margaret Henshaw. 
Children by first wife : William ; Emanuel, 
married Sarah Shields, and moved to Canada; 
Martin, married Susan Shinks ; Rebecca, mar- 
ried Thomas Marshall ; Elizabeth, married 
David Daily, moved early "to the Ohio" ; Elea- 
nor, married Bowman, had son Eras- 

tus, married (second) Daniel Cooley, of South 
Auburn, Susquehanna county, .and had five or 
six children. Children by second wife: Paul, 
mentioned below: Sarah, born June 15, 1794, 
in new home, married John Sterling, of Black 
Walnut. 

(Ill) Paul, son of Benjamin Overfield, was 
born May 22, 1792. and married, June 18, 
1812, Lyclia Lacey, whose father, Isaac, came 
from Connecticut. They lived on the original 
homestead of their pioneer ancestors, and 
twelve children were born. Qiildren : i. Will- 
iam, mentioned below. 2. Susannah, born 
October 22, 1816, died 1819. 3. Harriet, Janu- 
ary 12. 1818, died February 6, 1881 ; married 
Rev. Almon G. Stilwell, in 1840. nine children. 
4. Sarah E.. February 28, 1820, died June 21, 
1902 ; married Rev. Henry Brownscombe, Au- 
gust 21, 1843: four children, all deceased. 5. 
Benjamin, March 28, 1822, died March 5, 
1904: married Lois Ann Camp. March 2, 1847; 
nine children, all married. 6. Margaret, April 
16, 1824, died December 13, 1875: married 
John C. Sturdevant. September 27, 1848: two 
sons. 7. Anna. .May 20. 1826: married John 
C. Bertholf, November 30, 1863: one child. 
8. John Lacey, July 16. 1828. died November 
19," 1889: edu'cated'at Wyoming Seminary and 
Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut, class 
of 1856; entered the law firm of Scudder & 
Carter, of Greater New York, and after four 



NEW ENGLAND. 



years practiced law as a profession in New 
York and Brooklyn ; married ( first ) Augusta 
Dean, one son Alam, 1861, and both died; 
married (second) Olivia Binns. and had Le- 
onidas, Louise. Mortimer, and Chauncey Percy, 
in business at Salt Lake City. Utah. 9. Eliza 
Rebecca, September 3, 1830; married Edmund 
C. Bunnell. February 6, 1851; seven children, 
all married. 10. Xancy Maria. September 24, 
1832. died May 13. 1876; married George W. 
Smith. November 2t,, 1852; he was in civil 
war. II. Lydia Martha, born November 28. 
1836, died August 6, 1846. 12. Infant son. 
born and died same day. 

(IV) William, son of Paul Overfield, was 
born October 10, 1813, and died March 6, 
1898. aged eighty-four. He was a farmer and 
expert fruit grower ; also a pioneer in Susque- 
hanna county. He married Anna Bunnell. 
February 22. 1836; she was daughter of John 
and Mary ( Place ) Bunnell : she died March 
II, 1854; her father was one of the si.x brothers 
who came from near Stroudsburg, Monroe 
county, to Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, in 
1813. He married (second) November 17. 
1854, Minerva H. Reeney. who died January 
20, 1884. Children: i. Mary Harriet, the 
family historian, born March 26, 1837; was 
graduated from Wyoming Seminary, June 23, 
1859: married (first) John M. France. March 
26, 1861, and had one child (Lydia M.. born 
September 27, 1862, who married Henry R. 
Decker, of South Montrose, Pennsylvania, Oc- 
tober 5, 1883): she married (second) W. 
Henry Rice, of Solebury, Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, November 23, 1887, and he died 
February 22, 1909. 2. Lydia Elizabeth, born 
February 26. 1839, died August 8. 1839. 3. 
Sarah Helen. June 6. 1840. died August i. 
1847. 4- P^ul James. February 6, 1842, died 
November 2, 1882 : served three years in civil 
war. from 1862 to 1865; married Sarah Roe. 
December 30, 1872; seven children (the eldest, 
Peter D., being noted for football at Pennsyl- 
vania University, now judge by appointment 
of President William H. Taft at Valdez. 
Alaska, and married \'irginia Beale Leckie. of 
\'irginia. .April 28, 1906). 5. John Bunnell, 
January 14, 1844; served in civil war, was 
treasurer of Wyoming county one term: mar- 
ried Julia Johnson. January 24. 1866. had four 
children, died in Pasadena, California, where 
he now lives with his second wife, Josephine 
Nye. whom he married January i, 1908. 6. 
Lydia Martha, December 29. 1845 ; married 
Henry Clay Bunnell. February 6, 1866 (see 
Bunnell VIII). 7. Ettaline A.. March 28. 
1848: married Henry Low Lott. January 11, 
1865 ; four children. 8. Charles Nezbert. May 
5, 1850; married .Amanda Ace, January i. 



1879: si.x children; he was helpless with paral- 
ysis for a number of years and is now de- 
ceased. Children by second wife: 9. Seth Lee, 
October 12. 1855 ; married Mary Boyhen. .April 
7. 1875 • seven children. 10. William Grant. 
February 18. 1857; located early in Puyallup, 
Washington ; married .Addie Stone ; six chil- 
dren. II. .Annie Minerva, May 11, 1858, died 
October i, 1863. 12. Infant son, born August 
28. died September 18. 1859. 13. Gilbert, Jan- 
uary 18, 1861 ; married Deborah Nye, Septem- 
ber 26, 1886; have son George at Pasadena. 
14. Henry Dean. June 25. 1862. died January 
7, 1864. Four unrecorded and unnamed infants 
were born. 



John Russell, immigrant ances- 
RUSSELL tor. came to New England and 

settled first at Cambridge, 
where he was a proprietor in 1635. He was 
admitted a freeman, March 3, 1635-36, and 
was a town officer and clerk of the writs. He 
was a subscriber to the orders drawn up for 
the town of Woburn, at Charlestown, in 1640, 
and was one of the first settlers of Woburn. 
He was a proprietor there in 1640. He was 
selectman of \\'oburn for several years, and 
in 1644 was appointed on a committee for 
distribution of land. He was deacon of the 
church, but afterwards became a Baptist, and 
about 1669-70 was admitted to the Baptist 
church of Boston, which at that time met for 
worship at Noddle's Island, He was later 
chosen elder of this church. For his change 
of faith he was summoned before the court 
at Charlestown in 1671 and sent to prison, but 
soon released. He died June i, 1676. His 
will was dated May 27, 1676. He married 

( first ) Elizabeth . who died December 

16. 1644. He married (second) May 13, 1645, 
Elizabeth Baker, who died January 17, 1689- 
90. Children: Samuel, born 1636; John, men- 
tioned below; Mary, married, December 21. 
1659, Timothy Brooks. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Russell, 
was born about 1640, died December 21, 1680, 
aged forty years, and was buried in King's 
(Thapel burying ground, Boston. He settled 
first in Woburn. and later removed to Boston 
where he was ordained to succeed Elder Gould 
as minister of the Baptist church. July 28, 
1679. During the short period he was in office. 
he wrote a treatise in answer to some harsh 
reflections in a publication by Rev. Dr. Increase 
Mather, asserting "The Divine Right of Infant 
Baptism." The answer was entitled ".A Brief 
Narrative of some considerable passages con- 
cerning the First Gathering and Further Prog- 
ress of a Church of Christ in Gospel Order, in 
Boston, in New England, etc." It was dated 



NEW ENGLAND. 



71 



in Bostuii, May 20, 1680, and sent to London 
for publication. He married, October 31, 1661, 
Sarah, daughter of John Champney, of Cam- 
bridge. She died at Woburn, April 25, 1696. 
Children : John, mentioned below ; Joseph, 
born January 15, 1663-64, at Woburn; Samuel, 
February 3, 1667-68, died December i, 1668; 
Sarah, February 10, 1670-71 ; Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1672-73 ; Jonathan, August 6, 1675 ; 
Thomas, January 5, 1677-78; Ruth. 

(III) John (3), son of John (2) Russell, 
was born August i, 1662, died July 26, 1717. 
He married, December 21, 1682, Elizabeth 
Palmer, who died about 1723. He died before 
she did, as the Woburn records say that 
"Widow Elizabeth RusselU' is named in the 
province tax in 1723, but not in that of 1724. 
Children, born in Woburn : John, September 
20, 1683; Joseph, October 3, 1685; Stephen, 
August 25, 1687; Elizabeth, June 21, 1690; 
Samuel, July 16, 1692; Sarah, October 15, 
1694; Son, August 19, 1697, died September 
12, 1697; Ruth, January 16, 1699; Jonathan, 
November 7, 1700; Alary, March 2, 1703, died 
November 27, 1709; Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) Thomas, son of John (3) Russell, 
was born in Woburn, Massachusetts, June 26, 
1705, died before 1790. He moved from there 
to Sherborn, Massachusetts, where he settled 
on the southeast side of Course brook, and 
lived there the remainder of his life. He mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Isaac Cooledge, Esq., 
of Sherborn. and Hannah (Morse) Cooledge; 
Hannah Morse was daughter of Captain Jo- 
seph and Hannah ( Badcock ) Morse. Thomas 
Russell's wife, Hannah, died December 21, 
1800, aged ninety years. She was niece of 
Mary Cooledge, wife of Deacon Jonathan Rus- 
sell. Children, born in Sherborn : Joel, March 
7. ^733-34'' Rebecca, April 20, 1735; Isaac, 
September 27, 1736; Hannah, January 27, 
1738-39; Hannah, February 21, 174041 ; Isaac, 
November 21, 1742; Thomas, mentioned be- 
low; Hannah, May 11, 1746; Sarah, Septem- 
ber 28, 1748; Isaac, March 8, 1750; Hannah, 
April 2, 1752; Samuel, November 18, 1754. 

(V) Thomas (2), son of Thomas ( i) Rus- 
sell, was born December 13, 1744. He was a 
soldier in the revolution in Captain Benjamin 
BuUards company, Colonel Pierce's regiment. 
April 19, 1775; also in 1776-77. He married 
Abigail — ;* — . Children : Daniel, born .\pril 
7- 1775; Joseph, November i, 1776; Arnold, 
mentioned below ; Thomas, baptized March 4, 
1781 ; Nabby, born May 30, 1783; Shubael, 
baptized November 20, 1785. 

(VI) Arnold, son of Thomas (2) Russell, 
was born in Sherborn or vicinity, and was 
baptized .August 23. 1778. He removed to 



Albany county, New York. He married 



and among his children was Zenas 
Henry, mentioned below. 

(\II) Zenas Henry, son of Arnold Russell, 
was born in .Albany county, .New York, in 
1806, died May 11, 1878. He was a success- 
ful business man of Honesdale, Pennsylvania, 
the first vice-president and second president of 
the Honesdale National Bank, of which he was 
one of the original incorjjorators, of which 
his son is now president. The bank was organ- 
ized in 1836 under a state charter, and now has 
a capital of .'?i 50,000, with a surplus of nearly 
?200,ooo. Mr. Russell was one of the early 
pioneers of Northeastern Pennsylvania, and 
for a number of years was successfully en- 
gaged in the mercantile business in Honesdale. 
He was one of the organizers of the Grace 
Episcopal Church, and continued a liberal sup- 
porter of the same up to the time of his death, 
being senior warden of the church at the time 
of his death. He married Lucy Waite Forbes, 
who passed away April 22, 1891, a descendant 
of Daniel Forbes, the pioneer of the family, 
who was born at Kinellar, Scotland, about 
1620, and settled during the civil war in Eng- 
land at Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he 
died in October, 1687. Through the Waite 
family she was descended from the same stock 
as Chief Justice Waite, of the United States 
supreme court. Her parents lived at New 
Bedford. Massachusetts. Children : Sophie C, 
married Robert J. Menner, and she is now de- 
ceased : Annie E., married William H. Dim- 
mick, and she is now deceased; Julia .\., died 
in infancy; Henry Zenas, mentioned below. 

(\TII) Henry Zenas, son of the late Zenas 
Henry Russell, was born at Honesdale, Penn- 
sylvania, April 3, 1851. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town. He is 
president of the Honesdale National Bank, 
treasurer of the Honesdale Consolidated Light, 
Heat and Power Company, and is one of the 
most prominent business men and financiers 
of this section. In politics he is a Republican. 
He is a member of Grace Episcopal Church, 
of which he has been senior warden and treas- 
urer for a number of years. He is a member 
of the E.xchange Club, of Honesdale. 

He married (first) May 15, 1884. Jessie .A. 
Wood, born in Honesdale. died F'ebruary 24, 

1908. He married (second) September 22. 

1909. Mrs. Jessie (Ball) Dolmetsch. born at 
Goshen, New York, daughter of Henry and 
Margaret Ball. Children by first wife: i. 
Zenas Henry, born February 25, 1885 : married 
Isabelle Crooker, of Mt. \'ernon, and they re- 
side at Manchester, New Hampshire, where 
he is connected with the .Amoskeag Company; 
they are the parents of two sons. Henry Z.. 2d, 



/^ 



72 



NEW ENGLAND. 



and Malcolm Story Russell. 2. Sophie Men- 
ner. born December 3, 1886: married Clinton 

I. Dow, and they reside at Manchester, New 
Hampshire, where he is connected with the 
Amoskeag Company. 3. Marietta, born June 
19, 1889. 4. Lucy Forbes, born October 7, 
1891. 5. Milton Dimmick, born April i, 1895. 

Samuel Pond, immigrant ancestor, 
POND was born in England, and was one 
of the early settlers of Windsor, 
Connecticut. He died \Iarch 14, 1654, and his 
inventory was filed March 19, 1654. He left 
sixty-two acres of land. He married. No- 
vember 14, 1642, Sarah . Children : 

Isaac, born at Windsor. March 16, 1646; Sam- 
uel, mentioned below ; Nathaniel, December 
21, 1650. killed by the Indians. December 19, 
1675, in King Philip's war: Sarah, February 

II, 1652. 

(II) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Pond, 
was born at Windsor. March 4, 1648. He was 
one of the signers of the "New Plantation and 
Church Covenant" of Bran ford. Connecticut, 
January 20, 1667. He was propounded for 
freeman in 1672. He was a deputy to the 
general court from Bran ford in 1678-82-83- 
87, and was lieutenant of the military company 
in 1695. He married, February 3, 1669. Miriam 
Blakeley. Children, born at Branford: Na- 
thaniel, 1676, died 1679 ; Abigail, 1677 ; Sam- 
uel. July I, 1679: Josiah. September 25. 1688; 
Lois, 1690 : Moses, mentioned below ; Miriam, 
i6q6: Mindwell. 1698. 

(HI) Moses, son of Samuel (2) Pond, was 
born and baptized in 1693. In 1747 he made 
his will at Branford. Connecticut, then aged 
fifty-four years, and bequeathed to wife Mary 
and ten children : Aaron, Gad, .\sher, Paul, 
Samuel. Man,', Bathsheba, Lois, Rachel, Mind- 
well. He was a cordwainer. He resided for a 
few years at Haddam, then at Branford. where 
he had a farm. He was administrator of the 
estate of Isaac Tyler, of Haddam. who died 
January 22. 1718. and he was guardian of a 
minor son. Israel Tyler. He married. January 
7, 1718-19, Mary, daughter of Elijah Brain- 
erd, and granddaughter of Daniel Brainerd 
fp. 42 "Brainerd Genealogy"). She lived at 
Haddam. Middlesex county. Connecticut. Chil- 
dren : Aaron, mentioned below ; Moses, born 
1721 ; Mary. 1723: Bathsheba, January 2. 
1724-25; Gad. .-Xugust 12, 1727, at Branford: 
Asher. August 12, 1727; Lois, June 20. 1730; 
Rachel. May 26. 1733: Paul, May 12. 1736; 
Samuel. June 24. 1739: Mindwell, July 12, 
1742. 

Elijah Brainerd. son of Daniel Brainerd, 
married ("first) September 28. 1699, Mary 
Bushnell, born March 10, 1675. daughter of 



Joseph and Mary (Leffing\vell) Bushnell. She 
died September 11, 1735. Elijah Brainerd 
married (second) Margaret , Septem- 
ber 6, 1738. The will of Elijah Brainerd, who 
died April 20, 1740, according to the Hartford 
probate records, bequeaths to his daughter, 
Mary Pond, and mentions the "right of Moses 
Pond" in describing land. 

Daniel Brainerd, father of Elijah Brainerd, 
and the immigrant ancestor, was born probably 
at Braintree, county Essex, England, about 
1641, and was brought to this country when 
about eight years old and lived with the Wads- 
worth family in Hartford, Connecticut. He 
remained there until 1662, when with others he 
took up land and made Haddam his permanent 
home, although at that time it was an unbroken 
wilderness. His children were baptized in the 
Middletown church, eight miles from home. 
He married (first) Hannah Spencer, born 
about 1641. at Lynn. Massachusetts, daughter 
of Gerrard and Hannah Spencer, of Cam- 
bridge and Lynn, Massachusetts, and Had- 
dam, Connecticut. She died about 1691. Dan- 
iel Brainerd married (second) March 30. 1693, 
Elizabeth (Wakeman) Arnold, daughter of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Wakeman. both natives 
of England. Samuel Wakeman died at the 
Bahama Islands in 1641. Daniel Brainerd 
married (third) November 29, 1698, Hannah 
(Spencer) Sexton, born April 25, 1653, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Sarah Spencer, and widow 
of George Sexton. Deacon Daniel Brainerd 
died April i, 171 3, and is buried in the old 
burial ground at Haddam. His home was on 
Lot No. 3''4 and was bounded west by the 
main street, north by land of John Bailey, east 
by the river and south by Joseph Stannard's 
place. Deacon Brainerd was constable, sur- 
veyor, fence viewer, assessor, justice of the 
peace and on town committees to lay out land, 
etc., deputy to the general assembly in Hart- 
ford and he was elected by that body in 1669 a 
commissioner. He was deacon of the old 
church at Haddam. Children by first wife: 
Daniel, born March 2. 1665-66: Hannah, No- 
vember 20, 1667 : James. June 2, 1669: Joshua. 
July 20. 1671-72 : William. March 30, 1673- 
74: Caleb. November 20, 1675-76: Elijah, 
about 1677-78: Hezekiah, May 24, 1680-81. 

(IV) Aaron, son of Moses Pond, was born 
at Haddam, October i. 1719. He married, 

Januarv 23. 1744-45. Martha . They 

had Moses, mentioned below, and perhaps 
other children. 

(V) Moses (2), son of Aaron Pond, was 
born at Haddam, January 7. 1745-46. He was 
living at Southington. Hartford county, Con- 
necticut, in 1790. when according to the first 
federal census he had in his family two males 



NEW ENGLAND. 



73 



over sixteen, three males under sixteen and 
three females. His name appears in Novem- 
ber, 1793, on a list of subscriptions for music 
i 1 the church at VVolcott, Connecticut. Accord- 
ing to the town history of Wolcott (p. 196) 
Colonel Moses Pond kept a hotel, afterward 
o.vned by Lucius Tuttle. Of his family Moses 
joined the church at Wolcott in 1828; Moses 
J. Pond was baptized at Southington, an adult, 
.\pril 6. 1834; Naomi Pond was baptized at 
Southington in 1827 ; Lois Pond in 1826. 
Muses Pond was a soldier in the revolution 
(pages 562 and 622, Connecticut revolutionary 
records), a private in the Si.xth Brigade, Con- 
nec icut seacoast guard. He was credited to 
Farnington, and was of the Fifteenth Regi- 
ment, Colonel Noadiah Hooker, in 1780. He 
was in the same regiment in 1779, Captain 
Beecher's company, and was detached with 
othevs to serve in the battalion of Lieutenant 
Colonel Mead from July 29, 1779, to the fol- 
lowirg March and was credited to Farming- 
ton [larish. Southington was formerly part 
of Farmington. He married and among his 
children was .Alpheus, mentioned below. 

(VI) Alpheus, son of Moses (2) Pond, 
was of Southington, Wolcott and Bristol, Con- 
necticut. He died in Wolcott, Connecticut, at 
the age of si.xty-seven years. He married Bet- 
sey Peck, and she died aged forty-four years. 
Their children were Julia, born in 1814; Lois, 
1815; Henry, 1817; Roswell, 1819; Alvin P., 
mentioned below ; Almeron, 1822 ; Hiram, 
1825; Lucinda, 1827; Phoebe, 1829; Oliver, 
1831: Emeret, 1835; Leontine, 1838. 

(VH) Alvin Porter, son of Alpheus Pond, 
was born at Wolcott, Connecticut, December 
19, 1820. died at Southington, Connecticut, 
Alarch 16, 1883. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and followed the trade of a me- 
chanic. He married (first) Emeline Thirza 
Clark, born May 19, 1826, daughter of Jesse 
Clark, of Clark Farms, Southington, Connecti- 
cut. She died November 8, 1867. Their only 
child was Charles Harvey Pond, mentioned 
below. Mr. Pond married (second) Mary 
Ann Frost, by whom he had one son, Elbert 
A., born December, 1874, now living in New 
Britain, Connecticut. 

(Vni) Charles Harvey, son of Alvin Por- 
ter Pond, was born at Southington, Connecti- 
cut, December 15, 1847. He attended the 
public schools of his native town and Lewis 
Academy, also of Southington. He began his 
business career as a clerk in the hardware 
house of George B. Curtiss Company, in New 
York, in 1865. In 1868 he was employed at 
Bristol, Connecticut, in connection with the 
Curtiss Company, and in the follovvini( Febru- 
ary he returned to Southington in the employ 



of the .\etna Nut Company, as bookkeeper and 
secretary, remaining in this position until 1873, 
when he went to Ohio in the employ of the 
Gerard Rolling Mill Company at Gerard, Ohio, 
and in 1874 became the junior member of the 
firm of Taylor, Mitchell & Pond, at Massillon, 
Ohio, manufacturers of merchant iron and""T" 
rails. He was traveling salesman during part 
of the time and engaged in office work part of 
the time. In 1879 he again returned to South- 
ington, Connecticut, and engaged in business 
with J. B. Savage in the manufacture of to.^- 
ings. In 1887 the business was removed to 
Scranton, Pennsylvania, and was incorporated 
as the Scranton Forging Company, using drop 
and trip hammers for the work formerly done 
by hand. Mr. Savage became president and 
Mr. Pond secretary and manager of the com- 
pany. Mr. Pond became president in i8i;)0, 
and since then has been at the head of the con- 
cern. The business has flourished and is one 
of the prominent industries of the city of 
Scranton. In addition to this business Mr. 
Pond is financially interested in various other 
industrial corporations, and is a director in 
several companies. He is a director of the 
North Scranton Bank. In religion he is a 
Presbyterian, and for twelve years he was 
treasurer of the Green Ridge Presbyterian 
Church, of which he was also a trustee for 
many years. He is also a member and ex- 
president of the New England Society of 
Northeastern Pennsylvania. He is a member 
of the Scranton Board of Trade, and of the 
Green Ridge Club. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. 

He married, December 15, 1874, Harriet I., 
born at Southington, Connecticut, December 
16, 1850, daughter of Samuel H. and Helen 
(Lee) Finch. Children: i. Harry Orlo, born 
at Massillon. Ohio, October 15. 1875: asso- 
ciated in business with his father; member of 
the Green Ridge Club. He married, October 
5, 191 1, Helen M. Heimbach, of Scranton. 2. 
Charles Wilcox, born at Southington, Febru- 
ary 4, 1879, died January 24. 1900, in Scran- 
ton. 



James Mathewson, the 
MATHEWSON immigrant ancestor, may 

have been the James 
Mathews or Mathewson who was in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, in 1634, and in Yar- 
mouth prior to 1639; was constable of Yar- 
mouth 1639-40. and on the list of those able 
to bear arms at Yarmouth in 1643. 

James Mathewson settled in Providence. 
Rhode Island, as early as 1658. He bought 
land there of Thomas .Angell. January 27, 
1658, and of John Brown. February 24, 1668. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



He was a deputy to the assembly in 1680. His 
will was dated August 24. 1682, and proved 
October 17. 1682. He married Hannah, daugh- 
ter of John Field : she married (second) Henry 
Brown, and died in 1703. Children: Ruth, 
married Benjamin Whipple ; James, born Au- 
gust II, 1666, (lied January 7, 1737; John, died 
September 18, 1716; Isabel, married John 
Brown ; Thomas, mentioned below ; Lydia ; 
Zachariah, died January 5, 1749; Daniel, born 
January ^8, 1683 (posthumous). 
.- 1 II ) Thomas, son of James Mathewson, was 
born at Providence. Rhode Island. April i, 1673, 
and died October 2^. 1735. He lived at Provi- 
dence and Scituate, Rhode Island. He had a 
deed dated December 2, 1707. of four acres 
from William Field, who calls him brother-in- 
law, and Thomas Field, father of William, con- 
firmed the deed, the consideration of which 
was "good will and respect." His widow Mar- 
tha was appointed administratrix November 
10, 1735. He married Martha Field, who died 
in 1735, daughter of Thomas and Martha 
(Harris) Field. Children: Thomas, mention- 
ed below ; .\mos, 

(III) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Mathewson, was born about I7t)0, at Provi- 
dence or Scituate. He married Sarah . 

Children, recorded as born at Scituate : Philip. 
September 4. 1737; Thomas, January 8, 1739 
(either he or his father died July 8, 1743; if 
the son, there must have been another Thomas 
born about 1743-44) : Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Mathewson. was called Jr. in the records, indi- 
cating that his father was alive after he grew 
to maturity. He married (first) Hannah 
, and (second) Sarah, daughter of Cap- 
tain Stephen Smith (by Jeremiah .-Kngell, at 
Scituate, July 30. 1769). He removed to \'er- 
mont. Children by first wife, born at Scituate, 
Rhode Island: Elizabeth, November 12, 1764: 
Elisha, .April 17, 1767. Children of second 
wife: .Abigail, May 14, 1770; Charles, men- 
tioned below. 

(V) Charles, son of Thomas (3) Mathew- 
son, was born October 26, 1784, and died .Au- 
gust 24, 1870. He was a farmer at Wheelock, 
Vermont. He married Sarah Williams, born 
October 7, 1797. died October i, 1872. Chil- 
dren, born at Wheelock. \'ermont : Charles M., 
born January 7, 1819, died June 21, 1849; 
Sarah .Ann, born February 5, 1820. died .Au- 
gust 5. 1840; .Azro Buck, mentioned below: 
Melina, born October 13, 1825. died October 
12. 1840: -Asher .A., born March 15. 1827; 
Harley P.. born December 14, 1829: .Athelia 
E.. December 4. 1830. died .April 25. 1873; 
Arthur W., November 14, 1832; Rosilla M., 



October 2, 1834, died September, 1836: Epaph- 
ras C, September 25. 1836; Ozias D., Febru- 
ary 15. 1839, died May 14, 1862. 

(VI) Azro Buck, son of Charles Mathev/- 
son, was born at Wheelock, \'ermont, Febru- 
ary 7, 1822, and died July 18. 1884. He mar- 
ried. April 13. 1853, .Amelia Sias. who was 
born in Boston. July 19, 1827, daughter of 
Rev. Solomon Sias, one of the founders ?nd 
first publishers of Zion's Herald, a religious 
newspaper of Boston. His father. Captain 
Benjamin Sias, born June 14, 1747, mar -ied 
December 25, 1771, died December 21, r''99,^ 
lived at Canterbury and London, Engl;ind. 
and Loudon. New Hampshire : he was caj^tain 
of the Tenth Company. Colonel Thomas Lick- 
ney's regiment of New Hampshire militia, as 
shown by a return of the commanding officers, 
March 5, 1776; also captain of a company in 
Colonel David Oilman's regiment, "destined 
for New York," mustered and paid by Colonel 
Thomas Stickney, December 5, 1776: also 
captain of a company of men which marched 
from Loudon to reinforce the garrison at Ti- 
conderoga. July 2. 1777: also captain of a 
company in Colonel T. Stickney's regiment 
under (jeneral John Stark, which joined the 
Northern Continental army. July 20, 1777. and 
was also at Bennington, September 3, 1777, 
in Stark's brigade. He was of a party of vol- 
unteers who went to Fort Edward when Gen- 
eral Burgoyne was taken in October, 1779. 
He was also captain of a company in Colonel 
Moses Nichols' regiment in the Rhode Island 
expedition in .August, 1778, and captain at the 
forts in Piscataqua harbor, September 2-27, 
1779. The record given herewith is an ab- 
stract from the Revolutionary War Rolls pre- 
served in the archives of New Hampshire, as 
certified by the secretary of state, Edward N. 
Pearson. 

Captain Benjamin Sias married Abigail 
McHjre, who was born March 2, 1754, and died 
February 16, 1822. Children: Jeremiah, born 

June 5. 1773. married .Abigail . March, 

1799, aiul died November 25. 1833; Samuel, 
born December 23. 1775, married, 1802, Sally 
Chamberlain, and died December 18, 1857; 
.Archelaus, born .August 29, 1778, married 
Polly Glines, and died December 5. i860: Rev. 
Solomon, born February 25. 1781, married 
.Amelia Rogers (see Rogers). July 31. 1825, 
and died February 12, 1853: John, born Jan- 
uary 16. 1785, married Betsey Cheney, and 
died July 15. 1864: Hannah, born June i. 1787. 
died unmarried. January 31. 181 1; Abigail, 
born July 31, 1789. died in childbirth. June 
30, 17 — : Enoch Wood, born September i. 
1792. died in infancy, September 20. 1793. 
Children of .Azro Buck and .Amelia (Sias) 




' His-.i^.ci. ?-^i i.'i 




/V 




/•^^ii-*^-'^*-*-;?- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



75 



Mathewson : Amelius Sias, born May 26. 1856, 
died November 11, 1870: Charles Frederick, 
mentioned below ; Lillie Blanche, born Septem- 
ber 19, 1862; Nellie Kate, born March i, 1867, 
died April 6, 1895. 

(VII) Charles Frederick, son of Azro 
Buck Mathewson, was born in Barton, Ver- 
mont, May 3, i860. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and entered Dart- 
mouth College, from which he was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the 
class of 1882, of which he was valedictorian. 
He was first in scholarship in his class, and 
won prize awards in Greek, Latin, mathematics 
and oratory. He was elected to the Phi Beta 
Kappa. He began to study his profession at 
the Columbia Law School, from which he re- 
ceived his degree of LL. B. in 1885. In the 
same year he was admitted to the bar in New 
York City and began to practice. He has de- 
voted his attention particularly to corporation 
business, and has built up a handsome prac- 
tice. He is a partner in the law firm of Kraut- 
hofT, Harmon & Mathewson. He is a director 
of the Caledonian-American Insurance Com- 
pany, the New York & Queens Electric Light 
& Power Company and the Columbia Trust 
Company of New York; a member of the New 
York Law Institute, and the Bar Association 
of New York City, in which he has served on 
the executive and grievance committees. In 
politics he is a Republican. He was active in 
various lines of athletics while in college, and 
since graduating has continued to take a lively 
interest in outdoor sports, especially golf and 
tennis. He was president of the Dartmouth 
Alumni Association from 1894 to 1896. Since 
1904 he has been an alumni trustee of Dart- 
mouth College, from which he received the 
honorary degree of Master of Arts in 1908, 
and in 1912 he received from Middlebury 
College the honorary degree of LL. D. He was 
formerly president of the Metropolitan Asso- 
ciation of the Amateur Athletic Union. He 
is a member of the New England Society of 
New York, of which he is one of the trustees ; 
of the Vermont Society, of which he is presi- 
dent ; the Dartmouth Club of New York, of 
which he was the first president ; the Univer- 
sity Club of New York ; the University Club 
of Boston ; the Down Town .Association ; the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity of the council 
of which he is president; St. Andrew's Golf 
Club the Apawamis Club, and the Automobile 
Club C< America. In religion he is a liberal. 

He i.'iarried, December 8, 1886, Jeanie 
Campbell .\nderson, who was born in Port- 
land, Maine ^ January 8, 1852, daughter of 



General Samuel J. and Jane Wade (Dow) 
Anderson. (For a partial account of her an- 
cestry see appended sketches). 

(The Rogers Lines). 

Two lines of Rogers ancestry met in Amelia 
Rogers, who married Rev. Solomon Sias, as 
stated above. The first of these, her paternal 
line, was a family connected with the history 
of Newbury and Newburyport, formerly part 
of Newbury, Massachusetts, from the early 
colonial days. 

(I) Robert Rogers, founder of this family, 
was born in England, in 1625, and died De- 
cember 23, 1663. He came first to Boston, 
and removed in 1651 to Newbury. He mar- 
ried Susanna , of Xewbury. Children ; 

Robert, born April 28, 1650; Thomas, of 
whom further; John, born March 13, 1653- 
54; Susan, born February 6, 1656, died Sep- 
tember 4, 1657. 

(II) Thomas, son of Robert and Susanna 
Rogers, was born at Newbury, July 9, 1652, 
and died October 15, 1735. He married Ruth 
Brown, probably the daughter, born May 26, 
1662, of Isaac and Rebecca ( Baily ) Brown; 
she died February i, 1730. Children: Thomas, 
born August 14 or 15, 1678; Susanna, born 
March 17, 1681-82: Robert, born April 5, 
1684; John, born July 11, 1686; Isaac, born 
June 21, 1691 ; Stephen, baptized .August 20, 
1693; Daniel, born November 14, 1695; Dan- 
iel (second), born November 14, 1698; Jon- 
athan, of whom further; Ruth, born October 

30. 1715- 

(III) Jonathan, son of Thomas and Ruth 
(Brown) Rogers, was born at Newbury, June 
18. 1702. He was a captain in the English 
provincial army. He married, intention July 
12, 1735, Margery Stevens, of Boston. Chil- 
dren: Jonathan, born June 16, 1736; Robert, 
born .April 21. 1738; Benjamin, of whom fur- 
ther; Margery, born May 2, 1742; Hannah, 
born March 18. 1744-45. 

(IV) Benjamin (i), son of Jonathan and 
Margery ( Stevens ) Rogers, was born at New- 
bury, January 2~. 1739-40. and died .April 10, 
1812. He married, April 22, 1762. Mary, 
daughter of Joseph and Tamzen. also called 
Thomasin (Gerrish) Stevens, who was born 
June 23, 1741. and died about 1813. Children: 
Benjamin (2). of whom further; Mary, born 
February 10, 1780. 

(\') Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (l) 
and Mary ( Stevens) Rogers, was- born in 
Newbury ( in what is now .Newburyport, as it 
is very probable that some, at least, of the 
former entries may be), January 22. 1763, and 



-6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



died in Boston, April 27, 1806. He married, 
August 26, 1788, Amelia, daughter of Elihu 
and Elizabeth (Cogswell) Hewes, one line of 
whose ancestry is given hereinafter ; she vvas 
born at Ipswich, Massachusetts. September 
II, 1761. and died at Newbury, \'ermont, Oc- 
tober 30, 1850. Children : Amelia, born in 
1789, died in 1856, married Rev. Solomon 
Sias. of whom above ; William Cogswell, bom 
January 11. 1800, died July 13, 1862, married 
Caroline Dudley. 

One line of .A.melia Hewes, by which she 
was descended from another Rogers family is 
as follows : 

(I) John Rogers, the first member of this 
family about whom we have definite informa- 
tion, was born about 1500. He lived in the 
north of England. He was put to death at 
Chelmsford, England, in 1575, being the first 
to suffer for religious nonconformity in the 
reign of Queen Mary. He married. May 8. 
1 54 1, .A.gnes Carter. 

( H) John (2), son of John (i) and .\gnes 
(Carter) Rogers, was born September 10, 
1548. and died in 1601 ; his will was recorded 
in October, of that year. He married Mary 
, who was born about 1550, and died in 

1579- 

(HI) Rev. John (3) Rogers, son of John 
(2) and Mary Rogers, was born at Moulsham, 
Chelmsford, England, in 1571. and died Oc- 
tober 18. 1636. He was a distinguished Puri- 
tan, and preached at Dedham. England. He 
married Elizabeth (Gold) Hawes. 

(IV) Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, son of Rev. 
John (3) and Elizabeth CGold-Hawes) Rog- 
ers, the first member of this family in Amer- 
ica, was born at Haverhill, England, in 1598, 
and died at Ipswich, Massachusetts, July 3, 
1655. He came to America November 17, 
1636. Like his father, he was a Puritan ; from 
1638 he was minister at Ipswich. He mar- 
ried. January 23, 1625, Margaret, daughter of 
Robert Crane, who was born at Coggeshall, 
England, about 1610, and died at Ipswich. 
Massachusetts. January 23, 1675-76. Children: 
John (4), of whom further; Nathaniel, born 
September 30, 1632. died June 14, 1680; Sam- 
uel, born January 16, 1634, died December 21, 
1693, married ffirst), December 12, 1657, Ju- 
dith .\ppleton ; f second), November 13, 1661, 
Sarah Wade: Timothy: Ezekiel. married Mar- 
garet f Hubbard) Scott: Margaret, married 
Rev. William Hubbard. 

f V) Rev. Dr. John (4) Rogers, son of Rev. 
Nathaniel and Margaret (Crane) Rogers, was 
born at .\ssington, England, January 23, 1630- 
31, and died July 2. 1684. In June, 1676, he 
was elected president of Harvard College, but 



declined; in .April, 1682, he was elected again 
and was installed August 12, 1683. Of this 
institution he was himself a graduate, and he 
had assisted his father and other ministers ; 
he was also a physician. He married, in 1660, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel and Patience 
(Dudley) Denison, who was born April 10, 
1642. Her mother was daughter of Thomas 
EHidley, of whom hereafter. Children : Eliza- 
beth, born February 3, 1661, died March 13, 
1754, married, November 23, 1681, John Ap- 
pleton ; Margaret, born February 18, 1664, 
died June 7, 1720, married (first), December 
21, 1682, Thomas Berry; (second), November 
25. 1697, Rev. John Leverett, a president of 
Harvard College; Rev. John (5), of whom 
further; Daniel, born September 25, 1667, 
died December i, 1722, married Sarah .Apple- 
ton ; Rev. Nathaniel, born February 22, 1669, 
died October 3, 1723, married Sarah Purkess ; 
Patience, born in 1676, died May 2, 1731, mar- 
ried, April 15, 1696, Benjamin Marston. 

(VI) Rev. John (5) Rogers, son of Rev. 
Dr. John (4) and Elizabeth (Denison) Rogers, 
was born at Ipswich. July 7, 1666, and died 
December 28, 1745. He was a minister at 
Ipswich. He married, March 4, 1691, Martha, 
daughter of William and Mary (Laurence) 
Whittingham. who died March 9, 1759. Chil- 
dren: Rev. John (6), born about 1692, died in 
1773, married, October 16, 1718, Susannah 
Whipple : Martha, born November 2, 1694, 
died .August 25, 1727. married, June 24, 1714, 
Thomas Berry; Mary, died October 18, 1725, 
married John Wise; William, born June 19, 
1697, died July 29, 1749 ; Rev. Nathaniel, born 
September 22. 1701. died May TO, 1775, mar- 
ried (first). December 25, 1728. Mary (Lev- 
erett) Denison; (second) Mary (Burnham) 
Staniford: Richard, born December 2. 1703. 
died November 26. 1742. married Mary 
Crampton ; Elizabeth, born July 20. 1705; 
Rev. Daniel, born July 28. 1707, died in 1785, 
married .Anna Foxcroft ; Elizabeth, of whom 
further; Samuel, born .August 31, 1709, died 
December 21, 1772. married, June i, 1735. 
Hannah Ruhami. 

(\TI) Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John 
(5) and Martha (Whittingham) Rogers, was 
horn at Ipswich, Massachusetts. July 28, 1707. 
She married, March 14, 1727-28, Francis Cogs- 
well. 

('\'III) Elizabeth, daughter of Franc's and 
Elizabeth (Rogers) Cogswell, was ^ycn in 
Ipswich, December 17, 1729. She m- //ied, in 
October. 1756, Elihu Hewes, who v^s born in 
England, about 1727, and died ?; Hampden. 
Maine, about 1808. Child: Arr^Ha, of whom 
above. 



•y«' 



NEW ENGLAND. 



77 



(Descent of Mrs. C. F. .Mathewson from Governor 
Dudley). 

Mrs. Mathewson's ancestry is an interest- 
ing one in many lines. Eligibility to the Colo- 
nial Dames is well established. Some of the 
most prominent families in colonial history 
are included, and some of the most notable 
men of early New England. The following 
ancestry can show, from necessary limitations 
of space, but a partial list of these; various 
other lines can be easily traced. 

(I) Captain Roger Dudley, the first member 
of this family about whom we have definite 
information, was born in England about 1550; 
it is probable that he was killed at the battle 
of Ivry, in 1590. Children: Thomas, of whom 
further ; at least one daughter. 

(II) Thomas, only son of Captain Roger 
Dudley, the immigrant, was born in North- 
amptonshire, England, in 1576, and died at 
Ro.xbury, Massachusetts, July 31, 1653. In 
England he was a page in the family of Will- 
iam Lord Compton, afterward Earl of North- 
ampton, and later steward to the Earl of Lin- 
coln. With Winthrop and a party of four 
vessels he came in 1630 to America on the 
Arabella, sailing April 8, arriving June 12. He 
settled first at Cambridge, removed to Ipswich, 
and finally resided at Roxbury. In May, 1634, 
he was elected governor to succeed Winthrop, 
and was re-elected in 1640, 1646 and 1650. 
For thirteen years he was deputy-governor, 
and for ^ve years assistant. He was one of 
twelve men appointed by the general court in 
1636 to establish Harvard College, and he 
signed its charter in 1650. In March, 1644, 
he was appointed sergeant major-general of 
the colony, being the first to hold this posi- 
tion ; he held it for four years. He married 
(first) Dorothy, daughter of Edmund Yorke, 
who was born in Northamptonshire, England, 
in 1582, and died at Roxbury, December 27, 
1643; (second) Catherine (Dighton) Hack- 
burn, who died August 29, 1671. She married 
(first) Samuel Hackburn, (third) Rev. John 
Allen. Children, six first named by first, oth- 
ers by second, wife: Rev. Samuel, born 1610, 
died February 10, 1683, married (first) Mary 
Winthrop, (second) Mary Byley, (third) 

Elizabeth ; Anne, of whom further; 

Patience, born 1615, died February 8, 1689-90,' 
married, October 18, 1632, Daniel Denison ; 
Sarah, baptized July 21, 1620, died 1659, mar- 
ried (first) Benjamin Keane, (second) 
Thomas Pacy ; Mercy, born September 27, 
1621, died July i, 1691, married Rev. John 
Woodbridge ; Dorothy, died February 27, 
1643; Deborah, born February 27, 1645, ^^^^ 
November i, 1683; Joseph, born September 
23, 1647, died April 2, 1720, married Rebecca 



Tyng; Paul, born September 8, 1650, died 
December i, 1681, married Mary Leverett. 

(Ill) Anne, daughter of Governor Thomas 
and Dorothy (Yorke) Dudley, was born in 
England, about 1612, and died September 16, 
1672. She married, in England, in 1628, Si- 
mon, son of Rev. Simon and Margaret Brad- 
street, who was baptized at Horbling, Lin- 
colnshire, England, March 18, 1603-04, and 
died March 27, 1697. He matriculated at an 
English college, but did not finish his course, 
perhaps on account of his father's death. He 
came to America with Governor Winthrop in 
the Arabella. He was one of the founders of 
Newtown, now Cambridge. For a while he 
resided probably at Salem, certainly, at Ip- 
swich, removing in 1648 to Andover, where 
he was one of the first settlers and the lead- 
ing citizen. Among his important offices and 
functions were these : secretary of colony, 
from 1630-34; one of the commissioners of 
the united colonies, in 1643. In 1653 he suc- 
cessfully opposed a projected war on the 
Dutch and Indians. He was a commissioner 
with regard to the boundary between New 
Amsterdam and New Haven in 1650, and the 
next year a commissioner concerning the jur- 
isdiction of Massachusetts over York and Kit- 
tery, Maine. About 1662 he went to England 
to answer charges against the colony. He was 
deputy governor 1673-79; he was assistant 
fifty years together. From 1679 he was gov- 
ernor of the colony until the dissolution of the 
charter in May, 1686. Although then almost 
ninety years old, he was active in resisting 
Andros ; and when Andros was imprisoned he 
took charge of the government. The old char- 
ter was restored and he was governor of Mas- 
sachusetts and New Hampshire until May, 
1692. The general court, in consideration of 
his long and extraordinary service, voted iioo 
toward defraying the expenses of his inter- 
ment. He was buried in the Charter burying 
ground at Salem. His wife, Anne (Dudley), 
was the first American poetess. Her poems 
were first published in London in 1650; a sec- 
ond edition was brought out in Boston in 1678. 
.Among her descendants have been William 
Ellery Channing, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Richard H. Dana and Wendell Phillips. Gov- 
ernor Bradstreet married (second) Ann 
(Downing) Gardner, who married (first) Jo- 
seph Gardner. Children, all by first wife: 
Samuel, of whom further: Dorothy, died Feb- 
ruary 26, 1672, married, June 25, 1654, Rev. 
Seaborn Cotton ; Sarah, married ( first ) Rich- 
ard Hubbard, (second) Samuel Ward: Rev. 
Simon, born 1638 or 1640, marrie<l, October 2, 
1667, Lucy Woodbridge; Hannah, died 1707, 
married, June 14. i6S9. Andrew Wiggin ; 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Mercy, born about 1647, died October 5, 1715, 
married, October 31, 1672, Nathaniel Wade; 
Dudley, born 1648, died November 13, 1702, 
married Ann (Wood) Price: John, born July 
22, 1652. died January 11, 1718, married, June 
II, 1677, Sarah Perkins. 

(IVj Samuel, son of Governor Simon and 
Anne (Dudley) Bradstreet, died in August, 
1682. He graduated in 1653 from Harvard. 
He was a physician in Boston. From 1657 to 
1661 he was in England. He removed to the 
island of Jamaica, and there died. He mar- 
ried ( first ) Mercy, daughter of William Tyng, 

(second) Martha . By his first wife he 

had five children, the three children of his sec- 
ond wife were living with their grandfather, 
Governor Bradstreet, at the time of the lat- 
ter's death. Among these children were : Eliza- 
beth, born January 29, 1663: Annice, Novem- 
ber 17, 1665 ; Mercy, of whom further. 

(\') Mercy, daughter of Dr. Samuel and 
Mercy ( Tyng ) Bradstreet, was born Novem- 
ber 20, 1667. She married Dr. James, son of 
Peter and Sarah ( Newdigate ) Oliver, who 
was born March 19. 1659. He lived in Cam- 
bridge. 

(VI) Sarah, daughter of Dr. James and 
Mercy ( Bradstreet) Oliver, married, in Bos- 
ton, Augvist 12, 1714, Jacob, son of Jonannes 
and Elizabeth ( Staats ) Wendell, who was 
baptized at Albany, New York, .\ugust 11, 
169 1. Coming to Boston in his youth, he had 
entered the counting-house of John Mico, a 
well-known merchant. He afterward entered 
business on his own account, and became one 
of the most prominent citizens of that day. 
From 1737 to 1760 he was of His Majesty's 
council; in 1735 and 1745 he was commander 
of the .Ancient and Honorable Artillery. He 
was in 1733 director of the first banking in- 
stitution in the province. Children : Jacob 
(2), of whom further: Mercy, born June 22, 
1717: Elizabeth. January 20, 1718; Sarah. 
March 3, 1720, married Rev. Dr. Abiel 
Holmes, was mother of Oliver Wendell 
Holmes: Mercy, born .\pril 10, 1722; Mary. 
January 14, 1723: Katharine, June 17, 1726: 
John Mico, May 31, 1728. married Katharine 

; Ann. December 7. 1730; Oliver. 

March 5, 1733. married, 1762. Mary Jackson: 
Abraham, born November 2, 1735, whose 
youngest child. Margaret, married William 
Phillips, and was grandmother of Wendell 
Phillips : one other daughter. 

(VH) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) and 
Sarah (Oliver) Wendell, was born September 
4, 1/715. He married, in Boston, December 9, 
1736. Elizabeth Hunt. She married (second). 
at Windham. Maine. .August 12, 1766, Rev. 



Thomas Smith, father of her daughter's hus- 
band, her son-in-law officiating. 

(\TII) Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob (2) 
and Elizabeth (Hunt) Wendell, was born 
about 1742, and died October 16, 1799. She 
married, in Boston, October 8, 1765, Rev. 
Peter Thacher, son of Rev. Thomas and 
Sarah (Tyng) Smith, who was born June 14, 
1 73 1, and died October 26, 1826. He grad- 
uated from Harvard in 1753. .After teaching 
school several years he became pastor of the 
church at New Marblehead, now Windham, 
Maine, September 22, 1762. He was dismissed 
from the charge in 1790, but continued to re- 
side at Windham and to be prominent both in 
the church and in the town. He married a 
second time, but had no children by this mar- 
riage. Children: Elizabeth Hunt, born August 
17, 1766: Sarah, April 9, 1768: Lucy, of whom 
further; Thomas, born October 2, 1770, died 
February 2j, 1802 ; John Tyng, born March 6, 
1772: ^lary, July 6, 1774: Peter, November 
6, 1775, died November 9, 1775; Ann Wen- 
dell, born March 28, 1777; Rebecca, June 15, 
1778, tlied .April 19, 1782; Susanna \V'endell, 
born March 31, 1780: Rebecca, September 25, 
1783, died October 31, 1808. 

(IX) Lucy, daughter of Rev. Peter 
Thacher and Elizabeth (Wendell) Smith, was 
born .August 24, 1769, and died .April 17, 1844. 
She married, April 13, 1788, .Abraham, son of 
.Abraham and Ann (Collins-Cloutman) .Ander- 
son, who was born June 18, 1758, and died 
September 3, 1844. His father was one of 
the leading men of New Marblehead; Chil- 
dren: Peter Smith, baptized May 17, 1789, 

married Susan ; John, born October 8, 

1791; John, of whom further; Betsy, born 
November 19, 1795; Edward, born September 
3. 1802: .Abraham, born September 18, 1805. 

(X) Hon. John .Anderson, son of .Abraham 
and Lucy (Smith) Anderson, married .Ann 
Williams Jameson. 

(XI) General Samuel Jameson, son of Hon. 
John and Lucy (Smith) .Anderson, lived in 
Portland, Maine. He married Jane Wade, 
daughter of John and Sarah ( Brooks-Wade) 
Dow. Child : Jeanie Campbell, born in Port- 
land, Maine, January 8, 1852, married Decem- 
ber 8, 1886, Charles Frederick Mathewson, of 
whom above. 

(The Dow Line). 

The surname Dow first occurs in the Hun- 
dred Roll of the thirteenth century at the time 
surnames were coming into use in England. 
It is undoubtedly derived from the Scotch 
word Dhu, signifying black. The ancestors 
who adopted the surname were probably of a 
swarthy complexion, or living in a place popu- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



79 



larly known as a "black"' region. Such mem- 
bers of the family as came early to England, 
in the southern counties, were called "Dove" 
by the people who spoke Norman-French, and 
this pronunciation and its written form gave 
rise to the design of doves upon the coats-of- 
arms of various branches of the family, a 
custom known as canting in heraldry. The 
Dutch "Douw" IS the same name, probably 
having the same origin. From John Dow, of 
Tylner, county Norfolk, England, born July 
7-25, 1561, the immigrant to America, Thomas 
Dow. is believed to have descended. 

(I) Thomas Dow, the immigrant ancestor. 
was born in England, and was among the 
early settlers of Newbury, Massachusetts. He 
was admitted a freeman June 22, 1635. He 
bought a house and land at Newbury in 1648. 
Afterward he removed to Haverhill. He mar- 
ried Phebe . He died May 31, 1654. His 

will was dated May 29, 1654. and proved April 
8. 1656. bec|ueathing to wife Phebe, sons John. 
Thomas, Stephen (mentioned below), Mary 
and Martha, all under age Children, born at 
Newbury: Stephen, mentioned below; Mary, 
April 26. 1644; Martha, June i, 1648. 

(H) Stephen, son of Thomas Dow, was 
born at Newbury, March 29, 1642, and died at 
Haverhill. July 3, 1717. He was admitted a 
freeman of Haverhill in 1668. He married 
Ann Story. He was selectman in 1685 ; grand 
juror in 1692. He and his son were in the 
Sixth garrison in 1697, and his daughter 
Martha was killed by Indians. Children, born 
at Haverhill: Ruhamah, February 24, 1663; 
Samuel, January 22, 1665; Hannah, July i, 
1668 : Stephen, mentioned below : Slartha. 
April I, 1673; John, July 13, 1675. 

(HI) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) 
Dow, was born at Haverhill, September 18, 
1670. He was with his father in the Haver- 
h.ill garrison in 1697, when his sister and twen- 
ty-six others were slain by Indians. He mar- 
ried Mary Hutchins. Children, born at Haver- 
hill : Timothy. September 4. 1698 ; Nathaniel. 
mentioned below; Mary, April 18. 1701 ; Eliza- 
beth, February 29. 1703-04; Richard, F"ebruary 
15. 1705-06: David, December 25, 1714; Jon- 
athan, September 11. 1718; Stephen, October 
13, 1722. 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of Stephen (2) Dow. 
was born at Haverhill. August 11. 1699. He 
married Mary Hendrick. Children, born at 
Haverhill: Daniel. June 28, 1728: James, Sep- 
tember 2, 1731 ; Amos. March 12. 1734-35: 
Jeremiah, mentioned below\ 

(V) Jeremiah, son of Nathaniel Dow, was 
born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, March 14. 
1737-38. He lived at what is now Salem, New 
Hampshire. He was first in the Provincial 



service at Crown Point in 1762 in the French 
and Indian war: afterward he was in Cap- 
tain Dearborn's company. Colonel Stark's regi- 
ment, and in Captain Henry Elkin's company, 
enlisted for the defense of Piscatac|ua harbor 
in the revolution, November, 1775. He was 
captain of a company in 1776, and in Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Welsh's regiment at the battle of 
r.ennington and at the surrender of General 
Liurgoyne. The family possesses papers re- 
lating to Captain Dow, dated 1758, a lieuten- 
ant's commission under George III. and a 
captain's commission granted for some act of 
bravery by the Continental Congress during 
the revolution were preserved, together with 
a stirring letter from his commanding officer 
in the revolution urging him to enlist more 
men. but were lost or stolen from the Poly- 
technic Institute of Louisville. Kentucky, 
where they were deposited by one of the Dow 
family for safe-keeping while he was living at 
Louisville. Jeremiah Dow married, at P>rad- 
ford. Massachusetts, May i, 1766. Lydia Kim- 
ball, a descendant of Richard Kimball, the 
pioneer. She was born at Bradford, March 
8, 1749. and died March 12. 1826. They had 
seven children. 

(VI) Aquila. fifth child of Jeremiah Dow, 
was born at Salem, New Hampshire, .\pril 23, 
1771 ; married. June 25. 1794, Delia Dow. They 
had seven children. 

(VTI) John Dow, son of .\quila Dow, was 
born April 17, 1799; married Sarah (Brooks) 
Wade, of ^Iedford, Massachusetts, a grand- 
niece of Governor John Brooks, of Massachu- 
setts. They had six children. Their eldest, 
Jane Wade, married Samuel Jameson .Ander- 
son, of Portland. Maine, and their youngest 
child. Susan Jameson Anderson, married 
Frank Eliot Sweetser, and their eldest, Jeanie 
Campbell .\nderson. married Charles F. 
Mathewson. of New York. (See Mathew- 
son VII.) 



Stephen Kingsley. the im- 
KIN(jSLEY migrant ancestor. settled 

first in Braintree. Massa- 
chusetts, as early as 1637. coming froiu Eng- 
land. Many of his descendants because of the 
prejudices of the revolutionary period against 
the word "King." have followed the spelling 
Kinsley. John Kingsley, of Dorchester; Rich- 
ard and Roger Kingsley also, are believed to 
be brothers of Stephen Kingsley. who was a 
proprietor of the town of Braintree. and was 
admitted a freeman May 13, 1640. He re- 
moved to the adjacent town of Dorchester, and 
bought half of the Hutchinson farm. February 
2;^. 1656. Returning to Braintree. he sold his 
land in .Milton, formerly Dorchester, May 11. 



So 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1670. He was an elder of the church, and a 
deputy to the general court. His will, dated 
at Milton, May 27, 1673, and proved July 3, 
1675. bequeathed to his son John, sons-in-law 
Henry Crane (ancestor of United States Sen- 
ator Crane), Anthony Colli fer and Robert 
Mason ; to the three children of his son Sam- 
uel, to the son at the age of twenty-one and 
the daughters at the age of eighteen. He mar- 
ried EHzabeth . Children: Samuel, 

mentioned below; John, daughter, married 
Henry Crane, born at Braintree, August 30, 
1640: daughter, married Anthony Gollifer; 
daughter, married Robert Mason ; Mary. 

(II) Samuel, son of Stephen Kingsley, was 
born in England, probably about 1636, died 
May 22, 1662, before his father. He lived at 
Milton, Massachusetts. He married Hannah, 
daughter of Captain Richard and Alice 
Brackett. Children, named in the will of their 
grandfather, Stephen Kingsley; Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; two daughters. 

(III) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) 
Kingsley, was born at Braintree or Dorchester, 
August 16, 1662, died December 17, 1713, at 
Easton, Massachusetts. His estate was divided 
in 1722, when the youngest son, Benjamin, 
came of age. He lived in South Bridgewater, 
Massachusetts, where he bought the Jeduthan 
Robbins place, adjoining that of Thomas 
Washburn. After he settled in Easton. He 
married Mary, daughter of John Washburn, 
who died at Easton, February 28, 1740. Chil- 
dren, probably born at Easton : Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Hannah, married, February 2, 

1714, Edward Hay ward ; Sarah, married, 

1715, Josiah Hayward; Mary, married, 1716, 
Thomas WilHs ; Susannah, married, 1729, 
Samuel Packard; Abigail, married, 1728, Will- 
iam Hayward; Bethia, married, 1732, William 
Brett ; Benjamin, bom in Easton, died in 1759, 
married (first) Priscilla Manley, (second) a 
Widow Perkins. 

(IV) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) 
Kingsley, was born in Bridgewater. Massa- 
chusetts, about 1690. He settled early at 
Easton, where his homestead is described as 
west of the Littlefield place, near the rail- 
road, southeast of Cranberry Meadow. After- 
ward he removed to Norwich, Connecticut. In 
1741 he and his wife, then of Norwich, deeded 
land in Bridgewater to their "brother." Joseph 
Packard, of Bridgewater, son of John Pack- 
ard. This deed identifies this Samuel Kings- 
ley completely. John Packard was a son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth Packard, the former 
of whom died at Bridgewater in 1684. John 
Packard, father of Mary, wife of Samuel 
Kingsley, married Judith, daughter of John 
and Judith Winslow, and granddaughter of 



John and Mary (Chilton) Winslow. Mary 
Chilton came with her parents, James and 
Mary Chilton, in the "Mayflower." John 
Winslow came in the ship "Fortune," in 1621, 
to Plymouth. All the descendants of Samuel 
and Alary (Packard) Kingsley are eligible to 
the Mayflower Society. Children of Samuel 
and Mary (Packard) Kingsley, born at 
Easton: Nathan. March 6, 1715, married Betty 
Dunbar; Samuel, December 12, 1716, died in 
Worcester, on his way from Deerfield to his 
family in Bridgewater, September 25, 1773, 
married Sophia White ; Mary, February 28, 
1719; John, May 20, 1721, married Thankful 
Washburn, settled in Charlemont, Massachu- 
setts; Hannah, January 3, 1724, Amos, March 
26, 1726; Silence, August 30, 1727; Daniel, 
mentioned below. 

(V) Daniel, son of Samuel (3) Kingsley, 
was born at Easton. Massachusetts, August 
2~,. 1731. He went with his parents to Nor- 
wich. Connecticut, about 1746. In 1756 he 
deeded land in Norwich. He sold land there, 
December 29, 1761, and with wife and four 
children located in Charlemont, Hampden 
county, Massachusetts, where he became a 
prominent citizen. In 1770 he was one of the 
largest property owners in Charlemont, as the 
tax list shows. The others were Othniel Tay- 
lor and Aaron Rice. He married, at Norwich, 
February 15, 1753; Eunice, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Ruth (Post) Bingham. Children, 
born in Norwich: Stephen, December 6, 1753; 
Hannah, May 13, 1756; Lois, December 9, 
1758; Samuel, February 19, 1761. Born at 
Charlemont: Daniel, .^pril 22, 1764; Nathan, 
mentioned below ; John. Daniel Kingsley and 
his sons Stephen, Daniel and Nathan, served 
in the revolutionary war. 

(VI) Nathan, son of Daniel Kingsley, was 
born in Charlemont. about 1765. He removed 
with his father and brothers to Bennington, 
Vermont, about 1780. Daniel Sr. and Daniel 
Jr. drew land in Cambridge." \'ermont, now 
Chittenden county. August 28, 1783. Daniel 
Sr. had lot No. i ; Daniel Jr. lot No. 44, and 
Stephen lot No. 47. In 1790 there were three 
heads of family of this surname in Cambridge, 
Nathan and his brothers, Stephen and Daniel. 
Nathan had in his family three males over 
si.Kteen, of whom two were doubtless brothers, 
one son under si.xteen, and three females. Ste- 
phen had three males over sixteen, three under 
that age and four females. Daniel had one 
female. Nathan Kingsley was one of the 
prisoners' guard under Lieutenant Joseph 
Wickwire at the schoolhouse in Bennington, 
1 78 1. He was also in Captain Peleg Matte- 
son's company, marching to the northward in 
1781 (pp. 423-519, Vermont Revolutionary 



NEW ENGLAND. 



8i 



Rolls). He married Lydia Pearl. Children: 
Hiram, Pearl, \athan, mentioned below; 
Lydia, born 1797, married Aycox. 

(VH) Nathan (2), son of Nathan (i) 
Kingsley, was born in North Hero, Vermont, 
in 1791. He married, in 1816, Lois Hazen, 
who was born at North Hero, Vermont. Qiil- 
dren: Lavinia, born in 1817, married Jed Mar- 
tin ; Fessenden G., 1819, married Mary .A. 
Parks; ALideleine, 1821 ; Lydia, 1823; Hiram 
Pearl, mentioned below; Diadama, 1827, mar- 
ried Dan Hazen; Diana, 1829, married Alson 
Wheeler ; Darwin, 1832, married Martha Bell ; 
Laura, 1835, married Dan Hazen ; Rosina, 
1838, married William McGregor; Cecelia, 
1840, married William H. Babcock. 

(\'HI) Hiram Pearl, son of Nathan (2) 
Kingsley, was born in Alburgh, Vermont, 
April 26, 1825, died November 30, 1882. He 
married Celia Permilla La Due, born at Al- 
burgh, in 1831, now ( 1912) living at Burling- 
ton, Vermont, daughter of .\braham and Per- 
milla ( Ames ) La Due, of French Huguenot 
ancestry. Her brother, Phineas, is now (1912) 
living at Alburgh. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Kingsley: Flora Ann, born 1853, married 
(first) S. C. Dodds. (second) W. W. Sawyer; 
Darwin Pearl, mentioned below; Lena, 1859, 
married J. A. Dodds ; Naomi, 1864, married 
W. W. Sawyer; Emmett E., 1868, died 1874. 

(IX) Darwin Pearl, son of Hiram Pearl 
Kingsley, was born at Alburgh, Vermont, May 
5, 1857. His boyhood was spent on his 
father's modest farm, bordering on Lake 
Champlain, and like the other boys of the 
neighborhood he received his early education 
in the district schools of his native town dur- 
ing the winter terms. He was the prize 
scholar of his school district, however, and 
when he was examined by the county superin- 
tendent for a certificate as a teacher he met 
with no difficulty. But instead of teaching 
school he determined to have a college educa- 
tion, and in order to prepare he went to the 
academy at Barre. Vermont, of which Dr. J. 
S. Spaulding was then principal. He could 
expect but little assistance from his father, 
and he depended upon his own exertions to 
pay his way. He worked at various occupa- 
tions out of school hours, taught school in win- 
ter and worked at farming in summer, and to 
save expenses boarded himself. He managed 
thus to get through the preparatory school 
and won distinction for scholarship. Where 
the money was to be found for his college ex- 
penses he did not know, but again he suc- 
ceeded in providing for himself. A good friend 
offered to lend him small sums of money, 
from time to time, providing Mr. Kingsley 
would take out a policy of insurance on his 
i— 6 



life for one thousand dollars, stating that while 
he was perfectly willing to trust him to repay 
the loans, he wanted to be protected against 
the contingency of death. This was probably 
the first time that life insurance had been 
brought to the attention of Mr. Kingsley. and 
this policy, which meant a liberal education 
to him, when he wanted it more than any- 
thing else, doubtless had an influence upon his 
subsequent career in the life insurance busi- 
ness. By economies similar to those that he 
exercised in the academy, Mr. Kingsley com- 
pleted his freshman year with a total outlay 
of $165 for college bills, books, clothing, 
board, and during the second year he spent but 
ten dollars more. During his junior and senior 
years his financial circumstances were better, 
and he was enabled to live more as other col- 
lege boys lived and to enter more into the life 
of the institution. He was elected to the Phi 
Beta Kappa of the University of \'ermont, 
and competed in the first contest in oratory in 
1878, winning the first prize. That competition 
is now known as the "Kingsley Prize Speak- 
ing," and is a regular feature of commence- 
ment week at his alma mater. He was grad- 
uated in the class of 1881 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. 

Immediately after graduation he went to 
Denver. Colorado, but not liking the city for 
a home, he went further and located in what 
is now the city of Grand Junction, Colorado. 
.■\t that time it was a settlement of tents and 
log huts, and the L'te Indians had but recently 
taken themselves out of the Valley of the 
Grand to their reservation in Utah. In 1882, 
after a few weeks in Grand Junction, he pur- 
chased an interest in The Ncivs. which is now 
the leading newspaper in that section of the 
state. The newspaper brought him into pub- 
lic life, and two years later he was elected a 
delegate from Colorado to the Republican na- 
tional convention which nominated James G. 
Blaine for president. In 1886 he was nom- 
inated on the Republican ticket for state 
auditor and was elected, being also ex-officio 
state superintendent of insurance in 1887-88. 
.As an editor Mr. Kingsley had all the ex- 
perience peculiar to the management of a 
frontier newspaper. In standing for what he 
thought was right in politics and in local gov- 
ernment, he had to defend himself not only 
with pen and voice, but with his fists. 

M the end of his term as state auditor he 
had another important decision to make. He 
had intended to study law and expected to 
have time for reading law while holding this 
office, but he found that the conscientiou-; per- 
formance of his official duties occupied all 
his time. As superintendent of insurance he 



82 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



came into contact with insurance men and thus 
acquired an inside knowledge of the business. 
\'arious hfe insurance companies otTered op- 
portunities to him. and in the end he gave up 
the ambition to become a lawyer to engage in 
business in the service of the company of 
which he is now president. In January, 1889, 
he took his family to Boston, and in the lan- 
guage of life insurance men began with the 
rate book, then managed an office, then had 
charge of the business in several states. Upon 
the election of John .\. McCall as president 
of the Xew York Life Insurance Company, 
Mr. Kingsley came to Xew York City to take 
charge of the agency department under George 
W. Perkins. In this department he made a 
remarkable record in securing new business 
and increasing the efficiency of the agents, es- 
pecially from 1892 to 1905. The agents were 
brought together in clubs and conventions for 
conference and instruction. 

At banquets and conventions the ability of 
Mr. Kingsley as a speaker was of inestimable 
value. He preached life insurance with a zeal 
and enthusiasm that inspired his men. A vol- 
ume of his addresses was issued by the com- 
pany some years ago under the title, "The 
First Business of the World." .An additional 
volume entitled, "Militant Life Insurance." 
was issued in 191 1. Incidentally he became 
widely known among the agents in the field, 
and he won a reputation for uprightness and 
fair dealing, as well as for energy, thorough- 
ness and executive ability. He was made 
superintendent of agencies, then third vice- 
president, then vice-president of the company. 
Since 1901 he has devoted most of his time to 
the financial department. He began to attend 
the meetings of the finance committee, and 
early in 1905 was made a member of the com- 
mittee. From the beginning of 1906 until he 
was elected president. June 17, 1907, he had 
sole charge of mortgages on real estate and of 
the real estate of the company. Under his ad- 
ministration the Xew York Life Insurance 
Company has maintained its leadership, en- 
joying rapid growth and the public confidence, 
notwithstanding the assaults made upon it and 
other great life insurance companies. He was 
called before the .Armstrong committee in the 
investigation by the state and came through 
the ordeal without criticism. 

Mr. Kingsley is a director of the Citizens' 
Xational Bank'of Xew York, Xational Surety 
Company, Xew York Trust Company. Louis- 
ville & Xashville Railroad Company and mem- 
ber of the Xew \'ork Chamber of Commerce, 
Xew York Society Sons of the Revolution. 
Vermont Society of Xew York, Tuna Club 
(California), .American Museum of Xatural 



History, Burns Society, St. Andrews Golf 
Club, University Club, Union League Club of 
Xew York, Sleepy Hollow Country Club, Xa- 
tional Golf Links, Lake Champlain Associa- 
tion. Hobby Club, Xew England Society. In 
religion he is a Unitarian, but not a church 
member. His wife was brought up in the Ro- 
man Catholic faith, and his children attend the 
Presbyterian church. His home is at River- 
dale-on-the-Hudson. 

Mr. Kingsley has always found time for 
out-door recreation and athletics. In college 
he was a football and baseball player. He is 
a member of the famous Tuna Club, and in 
his rooms at Xo. 346 Broadway has a fine 
speciman of tuna caught with rod and reel at 
Catalina Islands. California. Since about 1895 
he has played golf at every opportunity. His 
library indicates his fondness for good books, 
and he is something of a collector. He has all 
four of the Shakespeare folios, including three 
of the 1632 folio and other Shakespereana of 
interest. He has also a small collection of first 
editions of Tennyson and Dickens. He has 
been a trustee of the University of Vermont 
since 1897. 

Mr. Kingsley married (first), June 19, 1884, 
Mary M.. born Xovember, 1863, died August 
21, 1890. daughter of Ossian and Susan T. 
(Walton) Mitchell, of Burlington, \'ermont. 
He married (second), December 3, 1895, Jo- 
sephine I. ]McCall, born in Albany, Xew York, 
March 14. 1873, daughter of John A. McCall. 
Child by first wife: Walton Pearl, born in 
Colorado. August 10, 1886: graduate of the 
L'niversity of \'ermont ( 1910). Children of 
second wife: Hope, born Xovember 3. 1897; 
Darwin Pearl Jr., June 15. 1899: John Mc- 
Call, February 28, 1903 : Lois. August 3, 1905. 



When surnames were generally 
W.AITT introduced into England in the 

eleventh century those who held 
an office, in most cases, added its designation to 
their Christian names ; thus Richard, the min- 
strel-watchman, became Richard le Wayte, aft- 
erward contracted to Richard Wayte. The 
name has since been spelled Wayt. Wayght, 
Waight, Wait, Waitt. Weight. Wa'iet. etc. The 
word is derived from the old high German, 
wahten, to keep watch ; and is common in this 
sense of guard, or watchman, to all the Teu- 
tonic languages ; the German wacht, Dutch 
vaght. Swedish wakt and English watch. 
When used as a verb its meaning is "to stay 
in expectation of :" as a noun it denotes "a 
minstrel watchman." The original Waytes 
were found in England immediately after the 
Xorman Conquest, only among the retainers 
of the kings, princes and great barons ; but 



NEW ENGLAND. 



83 



their rank gradually degenerated with that of 
the other orders of minstrels until the name 
was applied only to those itinerant musicians 
who, in most of the large towns of England, 
go around the principal streets at night, for 
some time before Christmas, playing popular 
tunes, calling the hour and expecting a grat- 
uity. These are the "Christmas waits," or 
wandering melodists. 

In A. D. 1075, William the Conqueror gave 
the earldom, city and castle of Norwich, in 
England, to Ralf de W'aiet, son of Ralf, an 
Englishman, by a Welsh woman; Ralf de 
\V'aiet married Emma, sister of Roger, Earl of 
Hereford, cousin of the Conqueror. This is 
the earliest record found in regard to the fam- 
ily and the source from which all by the same 
name seem to trace their origin, down through 
Ricardus le Wayte of the county of Warwick, 
a lineal descendant. Thereafter the name was 
written Wayte almost exclusively until differ- 
ent persons of the name came to New Eng- 
land, when the forms Waite or Wait were 
generally used. The kindred were pretty 
freely distributed throughout the central por- 
tion of southern England, extending to north- 
ern Wales, the land from which the progen- 
itors of the present family came to the New 
World. The arms of the family are as fol- 
lows: Argent, chevron gules between three bu- 
gle horns, stringed, sable, borne by the name 
Wayte : crest, a bugle horn, stringed, sable, 
garnished. Motto : Pro aris et focis ( For our 
homes and altars). The bugle portrays the 
musical element of the family and tends to 
support the tradition that the original Waytes 
were musician attendants upon the king and 
his knights. 

The earliest settlers of this name in Amer- 
ica were three brothers, cousins of the regi- 
cide judge, Thomas Wayte; Richard, born in 
1596 ; Gamaliel, born in 1598. and Thomas, born 
in 1601. who came over from Wales or south 
England in the year 1634, and landed at 
Plymouth, Massachusetts. Tne two eldest set- 
tled first -in Plymouth and then Boston, while 
the youngest. Thomas, went on to Rhode 
Island, settling at Portsmouth, all of them 
leaving descendants. Another early settler of 
the name was John, son of Samuel Wayte, of 
W ethersfield. England, who came over about 
1638, and was one of the first settlers of Mai- 
den^ Massachusetts. He attained great influ- 
ence in the community, and with Joseph Hills, 
his father-in-law, bore the highest honors and 
responsibilities in the town from the time of 
its incorporation ; his name is perpetuated in 
"Wayte's Mount." He left a son, Samuel, 
who inherited house and lands, and who in 
turn left descendants. Other earlv settlers of 



this name were: Richard, born 1608, of Water- 
town, Massachusetts, 1637; Thomas, of Ip- 
swich. 1658; Alexander, of Boston, 1637; 
George, of Providence, 1646; John, of Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, 1649. and Benjamin, of Hat- 
field, 1663; the latter having been a fainous 
Indian fighter and finally killed by them. 

These all became prominent in the history 
of the colonies, and many were soldiers and 
officers in the war of the revolution ; in later 
days descendants of these early progenitors 
have become conspicuous in the history of the 
country and in public affairs, the name being 
found in all professions and in all walks in 
life, especially in legal ranks, where they are 
among the first citizens of the state. 

f I ) Among these descendants was Samuel 
Waitt, of Barnstable, Massachusetts, grand- 
father of Arthur M. Waitt; he was a choco- 
late manufacturer in Boston. He married 
Persis Hallett, whose father flew the first Sea- 
men's "Bethel Flag" in the world. 

(II) Robert Mitchell, son of Samuel Waitt, 
was born in Rhode Island, in August, 1824, 
died May 7, 1900. He was a sea captain in 
early life and later became inspector of United 
States customs at Boston, Massachusetts. He 
married Ellen, born December 7. 183 1. died 
August II, 191 1, daughter of Captain Mathias 
and Mary ( Cobb) Hinckley, of Barnstable. 
Massacnusetts, and a descendant of Governor 
Thoma; Hinckley, of Massachusetts Colony. 

(III) Arthur Manning, son of Robert 
Mitchell and Ellen (Hinckley) Waitt, was 
born in East Boston, Massachusetts, October 
24, 1858. He was educated in the public 
schools of East Boston and the English High 
School of Boston, and in 1875 he entered the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology^ one 
of the best technical schools in the country, 
graduating in 1879 at this institution, obtain- 
ing the degree of S. B. in mechanical engineer- 
ing. He at once entered the railway service 
and until l88-I .was draughtsman in the -car 
and locomotive department of the Chicago, 
Burlington & Ouincy Railrbstl^ from that date 
to 1882 he was draughtsman iij the car and 
locomotive department of the Eastern Rail- 
road, and from then until 1884 chiefM^a^'ghts- 
man of the locomotive department of tfl^ same 
road. From 1884 to 1887 he was generaP^re- 
man of the car department of this railroad",' 
and from 1887 to February I. 1889, was assist- 
ant master car builder of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad. From February i, 1889. to October, 
1889. he was assistant manager of the Pull- 
man Car Works, and from that date to Octo- 
ber, 1892, he was assistant general master car 
builder of the Lake Shore & Michigan South- 
ern Railway. He then became general master 



84 



NEW ENGLAND. 



car builder of the same road, continuing until 
April, 1899: from then until March, 1903, he 
was superintendent of the motive power and 
rolling stock of the New York Central & Hud- 
son River Railroad. From September, 1903, 
to January, 1905, he traveled in Europe and 
the United States studying electric traction ; 
from January, 1905, to date he has been con- 
sulting engineer and specialist in New York 
City, and is now (1912) president of the 
Standard Third Rail Company, at No. 165 
Broadway, New York City. 

He is a member and former vice-president 
of the .American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers; former member and president of the 
American Railway Master Mechanics" Asso- 
ciation ; former president and member of the 
Western and Central Railroad Club: member 
of the American Institute of Electrical En- 
gineers, and of the Master Car Builders' As- 
sociation. He is also a member of the follow- 
ing clubs : Machinery, Transportation, En- 
gineers, Technology and the New York Rail- 
road. He has taken all the degrees in Free 
Masonry up to and including the thirty-second 
degree, and is a member of the Lake Erie Con- 
sistory ; Iris Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, Cleveland. Ohio ; Webb Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons, Cleveland, Ohio, and of the 
Oriental Commandery, Knights Templar. 

Mr. Waitt married (first), in Boston, Octo- 
ber 20, 1886. Maude, born in Canada, Jan- 
uary 20. 1865, daughter of Roscoe and Sarah 
Gleason. He had one child by this marriage, 
Weymer Hinckley Waitt, born in Bos::on, Sep- 
tember 7, 1887. The son was educated in the 
public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, and at 
MacKenzie private school at Dobbs Ferry, 
New York, and subsequently spent a year in 
study at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, in Boston : also one year at Columbia 
University. He married Frances C. W. Haines, 
of New York City, and has no children. Mr. 
Waitt married (second) in New York City, 
April 6, 1906, Mrs. .^nna S. Milbury, widow 
of Dr. Frank S, Milbury, of Brooklyn. She 
was born in Breslau. Germany, .April i, 1867, 
and is the daughter of .\dolph Schoeps. Mr. 
Waitt has no children by his second marriage. 
He has a handsome residence in Sharon, Con- 
necticut. 



The Post family is of ancient Ger- 
POST man origin. .As early as A. D. 980 

we find among the conquerors of 
Nettelburg, later known as Shaumburg, Her- 
ren \'on Post, and in 1030 .Adolph Post was a 
member of the Reichstag of Minden. From 
the local name \'on Post doubtless came the 



surname Post, for in the same town, Ludwig 
and Heinrich Post, in 1273, appear as wit- 
nesses to a deed, and this Heinrich was pro- 
genitor of a prominent German family. 

(I) Goossen Post, a descendant of Hein- 
rich Post, and from whom the American fam- 
ily is traced by the family historian in an un- 
broken line, is mentioned in 1376 as one of the 
anzienlijkste .Arnhemsche burgers. .Arnheim 
is in that part of Netherlands called Gelderland. 
He had wife, Jantje, daughter of Peter and 
Jane (Rapalje) \'an Zul. They had sons: 
Peter, mentioned below : George. 

(II) Peter Post, son of Goossen Post, 
owned land in 1399 in or near Elspet, and is 
thought to have married Annatie. daughter of 
George and Else (Meyers) Suydam. of 
Zwolle. Children : Peter .Arnold, mentioned 
below ; George, said to have emigrated to Eng- 
land and to have settled in county Kent aboUt 
1473, and his will was filed at Canterbury, 
1502 : Jan. 

(III) Peter .Arnold \"an Der Poest, son of 
Peter Post, is given in the Post Genealogy as 
son of Peter, and his birth year as 1500, but 
it is probable that some generations were 
missed in the search. Goossen Post must have 
been born about 1325 to be a city officer in 
1376, and his son Peter, who owned land in 
1399, was born, say as early as 1365, Peter 
.Arnold would be. according to this reckon- 
ing, over a hundred years younger than his 
father. Peter .Arnold married Marragrietje, 
daughter of Jan Bogert, and had sons : Jan, 
whose daughter Sarah married in Maidstone, 
Kent, September 15, 1607, Isaac Clark, or 
Clerk ; Panwell, mentioned below. 

(IV) Panwell \'an Der Poest, son of Peter 
-Arnold \'an Der Poest, married, February 7, 
1571. Susannah, daughter of .Abraham \"an 
Gelder. Children, baptized at the Dutch 
Church, .Austin Friars, London : .Abraham, 
October 6. 1573: Sarah, same date: Susanna, 
January 18, 1578: Jan, November 5, 1579; 
Arthur, mentioned below. 

(V) .Arthur Post, son of Panwell \'an Der 
Poest, was baptized .August 26, 1580. He 
married, February 2, 1614, in Maidstone. 
Kent, Bennet, daughter of Richard Lambe. 
That he was the father of the .American 
])ioneer, Richard, is deduced from a "deed" 
dated June 14, 1644, ''being of grete age .Ar- 
thur Post gives to my cousin Richard _\ an 
Mulken : my second son Stephen and his wife 
Margaret : lands, tenements and hereditaments 
in Estling, formerly in the possession of my 
eldest son Richard, being now of New Eng- 
land, or some parts beyond the seas. Panwell, 
my younger son,, to have my wearing ap- 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



parel." (Phillips Coll. Mss. in Mulken Gen. 
Mss. XXII. 4). This must mean will, not a 
deed in the proper sense of the word. 

( \'I ) Richard Post, immigrant ancestor, 
son of Arthur Post, of England, is said by the 
genealogy and other authorities to have settled 
first at Lynn, Massachusetts. Richard Post 
or Poast. lived at Lynn and Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts, it is true, and was a taxpaver in 1643. 
But we have record that he married in Lynn 
or Woburn, F"ebruary 27. 1649-50, Susanna 
Sutton, and that in the same locality a Richard 
Post married, Xovember 18, 1662, Mary Tv- 
ler. The records seem to show, however, that 
Richard Post went with the pioneers from 
Lynn to Southampton. Long Island. He shared 
in every division of the common land, and 
from 1643 to 1687 he was prominent in the 
records of the town. It is true that he may 
have returned to Lynn for two wives, but it is 
not known that the Southampton man had 
any other wife than Dorothy (given in some 
works as Johnson). He was constable, mar- 
shal, magistrate, lieutenant, commissioner to 
treat with the Indians, on a committee to set- 
tle a dispute between the town and Captain 
Topping, patentee under Governor Andros' 
patent. The original homestead of Post was 
on the east side of Main street and has lately 
been owned by Captain Charles Howells and 
Henry Post. Before he died he deeded land 
to his sons, John and Joseph Post, daughter 
Martha, wife of Benjamin Foster, and grand- 
son, Benjamin Foster Jr., April 17, 1688. He 
died in 1689. Children : Martha, married Ben- 
jamin Foster; Joseph, was in business in Tal- 
bot county, Maryland, in 1675. returned to 
Southampton and died there Xovember 10, 
1 72 1, aged about seventy-one years, leaving 
a will : John, mentioned below. 

(\TI) Captain John Post, son of Lieuten- 
ant Richard Post, was born about 1650, doubt- 
less at Southampton. He was progenitor of 
all the Post families of eastern Long Island ; 
Montrose and Honesdale. Pennsylvania ; Pal- 
myra and Xewburg, Xew York, and Cali- 
fornia. The homestead of Captain Post, be- 
queathed to his son. Captain John Post, was 
on the east side of Main street, Southampton, 
and the railroad station occupies part of it at 
present. He was one of the purchasers of the 
house and lot bought for and dedicated to the 
use of a Presbyterian parsonage '" forever," 
and the property is still owned by the church. 
His will was dated December 9, 1687, and 
proved at Southampton, March 21, 1687-88. 
bequeathing to five sons and three daughters, 
homestall, close at the head of the creek, a 
fifty-pound commonage, the house and home 
lot formerly his father's, the close that was 



his father's between the .Mill path and Cubb's 
Pound path, close at Long Springs and his 
fifty-pound allotment at Mecox ; land at Hog 
Xeck, west of Canoe place and in Great place. 
He died in 1687. He married, in 167 1, Mary 
. Children: Mary. Captain John, men- 
tioned below ; Jeremiah, settled in Hempstead: 
Sarah : Dorothy, Martha, Deborah, Richard, 
lived at Hempstead, became a Friend. 

( VHI) Captain John (2) Post, son of Cap- 
tain John ( I ) Post, was born in 1673, at South- 
ampton, died there in 1741. In 1690. when he 
was about seventeen years old, he was trading 
land, and in 1692 he was buying and selling 
land and his name was on the tax list. In 1712 
he was a trustee and proprietor and purchased 
for the town the Xorth End Burying Ground 
in which his Uncle Joseph was the first man 
buried. From 1714 to 1739 he was many times 
elected to public office, serving as trustee, col- 
lector of taxes, assessor, commissioner on dis- 
puted boundaries and captain of the military 
company (as shown by the records at .\lbany >. 
He died in 1741. He married Mary Halscy. 
Children: John, born 1700, died 1792, mar- 
ried Abigail Halsey; Joseph, born 1704, died 
1780; Isaac, mentioned below. 

(IX) Isaac, son of Captain John (2) Post, 
was born in 1712, died May 8. 1785. He mar- 
ried Mary Jessup, and among his children was 
Isaac, mentioned below. 

(X) Isaac (2), son of Isaac (i) Post, was 
born in 1741, died in 1788, killed by a fall 
from a tree. He married xAgnes. born June i, 
1764, Gied May 2, 1834, daughter of Joseph 
and Denorah (Hudson) Rugg (see Rugg II). 
His wicow married (second) Bartlett Hinds, 
born .Ap-il 4. 1755, and had two children : Rich- 
ard Hinds, born December 17. 1795, and Bart- 
lett Hina>, born June 7, 1797 (see Hinds V). 
Children c f Isaac and Agnes Post : Isaac, men- 
tioned belc.w; David, born July 26. 1786. died 
February 2^, i860. 

(XI") Isaic (3), son of Isaac (2) Post, was 
born .August 12, 1784., in Southampton, Long 
Island. Xew York, died in Montrose, Penn- 
sylvania. March 23, 1855. lie was one of the 
early settlers of Xortheastern Pennsylvania, 
coming to Montrose in the early part of 1800. 
where he became one of the prominent men of 
the community. He conducted a general store, 
and also kept an inn. He took a forerriost 
part in every good project in the community, 
and was instrumental in establishing the first 
bank in that section. He held various offices 
of honor and trust, was major of the Second 
Battalion of the State Militia in 181 1, and was 
also inspector of the Second Brigade; he was 
treasurer of Susquehanna county in 1812; a 
member of the state legislature from Susque- 



86 



NEW ENGLAND. 



hanna county in 1828; and associate judge of 
Susquehanna county in 1837. He was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic organization, holding mem- 
bership in Hiram Lodge, No. 131, of Newburg, 
New York. He married, in 1805, Susannah 
Hinds, the ceremony being performed by 
Thomas Tiffany, Esq. She was born Novem- 
ber 10, 1782, died November 15, 1846, daugh- 
ter of Bartlett Hinds (see Hinds V). Their 
children were: Mary Ann, born March 6, 1806, 
died April 17, 1806; Wilham Leander, April 
26, 1807, died February 26, 1871 ; Albert Lo- 
tan, March 25, 1809, died December 6, 1886; 
Mary Susannah. May 25, 181 1, died March 

23, 1812; Susannah Jane, April 4, 1813, died 
February 9, 1819 ; Agnes Ann, September 25, 
1815, died June 22, 1816; Isaac Lucius, men- 
tioned below: Jane Amanda, November 14, 
1820, died October 25, 1903, unmarried; Eliz- 
abeth \'allonia, July 4, 1825, died October 4, 
1853, she married Gordon Dimock, y[. D., of 
Montrose, Pennsylvania, who was a surgeon 
in the civil war ; George Leonidas, September 

24, 1828, died December 5, 1841. 

(XH) Isaac Lucius, son of Isaac (3) Post, 
was born July 11, 1818, in Montrose, Pennsyl- 
vania, died December 8,, 1899. His education 
was acquired in the district schools. During 
the civil war he served in the paymaster's de- 
partment of the Army of the Cumberland, 
under Colonel Asa Holt Jr.. and after the war, 
in 1865, he removed toScranton, Pennsylvania, 
where he was for a number of years engaged 
in the insurance business, and where he also 
served as justice of the peace and alderman. 
He was active in the Pennsylvania Avenue 
Baptist Church, of Scranton. He wa , a very 
stalwart Republican, and was instrun.ental in 
bringing Congressman Galusha A. Crow be- 
fore the public, assisting materially 'n raising 
the funds for his campaign. Mr. Post was 
married, July 28, 1846, by the Key. H. A. 
Riley, at Montrose, Pennsylvania, to Harriet 
.\manda, born February 26, 18^8, died at 
Scranton, November 22, -iSyg, daughter of 
William and Amanda (Harris) Jessup (see 
Jessup-Rugg IWy. To this union was born 
one son. Isaa^-, mentioned below. 

(XIII) Isaac (4), son of Isaac Lucius Post, 
was born November 21, 1856, at Montrose, 
Pennsylvania. He attended the public and 
^i5n schools of Scranton and Professor H. H. 
Merrill's Academic and Primary Training 
School. He began his business career, Octo- 
ber I, 1873, as messenger boy of the Third 
National Bank of Scranton, and a year later, 
December 2, 1874, became messenger of the 
First National Bank of Scranton. His ability 
and fidelity to duty were rewarded by promo- 
tion and he was advanced by various steps to 



positions of larger responsibility. He became 
assistant cashier, January 4, 1886, and in Oc- 
tober, 1891, cashier, a position he has filled 
since then with conspicuous ability. He enlist- 
ed in the Scranton City Guards during the 
labor disturbances of 1877, in Company A, and 
with the other members of the company was 
mustered into the Thirteenth Regiment, Na- 
tional Guard of Pennsylvania, October 10, 
1878. He was discharged May 25, 1885, with 
the rank of first sergeant. In politics he is a 
Republican : in religion a Presbyterian, being a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church, of 
which he served as trustee for several years. 

He married, February 16, 1887, Emily Pier- 
son, born at Roselle, New Jersey, April 14, 
1 861. daughter of Hiram Pierson and Caro- 
line Elizabeth (Shnyder) Baldwin, the former 
late general passenger agent of the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey. Children : Margaret 
Baldwin, born April 12, 1889; Evelyn Jessup, 
February 22, 1892; Norman Baldwin, January 
3, 1896, died March 26, 1900, at Scranton; 
Carolyn Elizabeth, August 27, 1897. 

(The Rugg-Jessup Line). 

Charles Rugg married Agnes, daughter of 
Lord Norman, according to family tradition, 
of Exeter, England. It was a runaway match 
and the young couple came to America, where 
Rugg became a manufacturer of cloth with 
mills at North Side, about three miles from 
North Sea, Long Island, New York. After- 
ward they returned to England. 

(II) Joseph, son of Charles Rugg, married 

(first) in England, ; (second) 

Deborah Hudson. After coming to America 
Joseph Rugg lived at North Sea. Long Island, 
and both he and his wife died at North Sea 
and are buried there. Deborah died in 1808, 
at the home of her daughter, Phila Harris. 
Children of first wife: Silas, died on board a 
British prison ship at Brooklyn in the revolu- 
tion : Sally, married Wooley, at South- 

air.pton. New York. Children of second wife: 
Polly, born 1761, married Samuel Scott; 
Agnes, born June i, 1764, married Isaac Post 
(see Post X ) ; Phila, mentioned below ; Phebe, 
born July 12, 1774, married Luke Foster, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio; Jerusha, born 1776, died 

January 8, 1822, married ^^oorhees; 

Jerusha ; Joseph. 

(III) Phila, daughter of Joseph Rugg, was 
born May 8, 1766, died December 26, 1831. 
She married, January 15, 1792, Henry Harris, 
born .August 16, 1764, died November 21, 
1851. Children: Harvey, born October, 1792. 
married Sarah Scott: Mary, born August 17, 
1794, marriefl Huntting Cooper, March 29, 
1821, and died at North Sea, April 5, i860; 



NEW ENGLAND. 



87 



Ann, born June i, 1796, married, in 1826, 
Samuel Hodgden ; Amanda, mentioned below ; 
Joseph, born December 30, 1802, married, in 
1831, Harriet White, and died January 15, 
1879; Phebe, born December 28, 1804, mar- 
ried, April 19, 186 1, Huntting Cooper, and 
died September 19, 1890; Harriet, born May 
28, 1807, married. May 15, 1847, Moses Cass 
Tyler, of Montrose, Pennsylvania. 

(IV) Amanda Harris, daughter of Henry 
and Phila (Rugg) Harris, was born August 
8, 1798, at North Sea, Long Island, died June 
13, 1883. She married, July 4, 1820, William 
Tessup, born June 21, 1797, in Southampton. 
Children: i. Jane Rose, born June 29, 1821, 
(lied in Jersey City, October i, 1864; married 
Javan Butterfield Salisbury. 2. Mary Sophia, 
born March 20, 1823, died in Montrose, De- 
cember 19, 1893 ; married, at Montrose, May 26, 
1841, Francis Blake Chandler. 3. Fanny, born 
March. 1825. 4. Harriet Amanda, born Febru- 
ary 26, 1828; married Isaac Lucius Post (see 
Post XII). 5. William Huntting, born Janu- 
ary 29, 1830; married, October 5, 1853, at 
Scranton, Sarah Wilson Jay. 6. Henry Har- 
ris, born April 19, 1832: married (first) Octo- 
ber 7, i8=;7, Caroline Bush: (second) Octo- 
ber I, 1868. Harriet Elizabeth Dodge; (third) 
July 23, 1884, Theodosia Davenport Lock wood. 
7. Samuel, born December 21, 1833; married. 
September 2. 1862, Ann EHza Jay. 8. Fanny 
Mulford, born October 29, 1835, died unmar- 
ried. 9. George Augustus, born February 5, 
1838; married, September 28, 1864, Ellen 
Beardsley. 10. Phebe Ann, born September 
5, 1840, died April 25, 1872; married, Sep- 
tember II, 1861. Alfred Hand 11. Huntting 
Cooper, born February 18. 1843; marriea. at 
Clarksville, Tennessee, December 27, 1865, 
Marina Modena Cobb. 

(The Hinds Line). 

The surname Hyne. Hine, Hinds is variously 
spelled. It is derived from the trade or occu- 
pation, like many other English sumsmes. A 
hyne, hine. or hind was a tiller of the soil, 
peasant, farmer. The surnames Haynes, 
Haines, Hine and Hinds may have had differ- 
ent origins, but for a long time the spellings 
were used interchangeably in England and 
America, and it is not possible to separate the 
families by the surnames. In fact nine differ- 
ent ways of spelling their name are still found 
among the descendants of William Hinds, the 
immigrant. 

(I) William Hinds, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England. He settled in Salem, 
Massachusetts, in 1644, or earlier. He came 
over with his sister Margaret, aged thirty, in 
the ship "Paull" of London. He was thirty- 



five years of age at the time. He served as 
a soldier in Saiem. He was admitted to the 
church there, November 14, 1647. On Novem- 
ber 25, 1647, he gave a letter of attorney to 
Thomas Hines or Haynes, merchant of Lon- 
don, for collection at Danes Halle. Bedford- 
shire, England, his former home. He mort- 
gaged land at Salem in 1647. ^^'^ tli*^ mort- 
gage was discharged in iT/jo. He owned land 
in common with Richard Hinds at Salem. 
Both were related, no doubt, to Robert Hines, 
who was in Salem in 1648. William Hinds 
removed to Marblehead and married Sarah, 
daughter of Richard Ingersoll. Children: 
William, mentioned below ; Francis, born 
about 1670. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) 
Hinds, was born about 1655 in Salem. He was 
a soldier in King Philip's war in 1675 and was 
present at the taking of the Narragansett fort. 
Over fifty years later, in 1728, he had a grant 
of land in payment for his services in' the 
Narragansett grant, at what is now .\mherst. 
New Hampshire. He married (first) .Abigail, 
daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Hubbard) 
Ward, and granddaughter of Samuel and 
Frances Ward, of Hingham. Abigail joined 
the church. May 19, 1684, at Salem, and was 
one of the original members of the Marblehead 
church. She died in 1688, and he married 

(second) Elizabeth . Children of first 

wife: John, born February 14, 1682: Abigail, 
January, 1684: Rebecca, April 7. 1686: Will- 
iam, baptized July 22, 1688. Children of sec- 
ond wife, born at Marblehead: Richard, bap- 
tized January 6, 1694-95; Joseph, baptized 
March 21, 1701 ; Benjamin, born September 

3. 1705. 

(III) John, nephew of William (2) Hinds, 
probably son of Francis Hinds, was born about 
1685. He went to Bridgewater when a young 
man, and married there, .\ugust 1 1, 1709, Han- 
nah, born April 26, 1787, daughter of John 
and Hannah Shaw, great-granddaughter of 
Abraham Shaw, the immigrant, of Dedham. 
Children, born at Bridge>vater : Hannah, 1710; 
Elizabeth, 1712: Abigail, 17x4: John, 1716; 
Ebenezer, mentioned below; Susanna, 1722. 

(IV) Rev. Ebenezer Hinds, son of John 
Hinds, was born in Bridgewater, July 29. 1719, 
died at Fairhaven. Massachusetts, .April 19, 
1 812. He was a farmer in Bridgewater until 
he was over thirty years of age. He was bap- 
tized by immersion in 1749 by Rev. Ebenezer 
Moulton. pastor of the Baptist church at Brim- 
field, and the same year began to exercise his 
gifts in prayer and exhortation. In 1749 he 
was called to distant points to preach and bap- 
tize, above eighty miles, it is said, so his repu- 
tation must have extended rapidly. He bap- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



tized ten in Bridgevvater and three in Rayn- 
ham the first year. He joined the Second 
Baptist Church of Boston, March 3, 1751, then 
under the pastorate of Rev. Ephraim Bond. 
He preached at the house of Thomas Xelson, 
of Assavvomsett Xeck, in 1753, and afterward 
regularly. He was ordained the first pastor 
of the Second Baptist Church of Middleboro, 
January 26, 1758. This church was organized 
November 16, 1757. A house and barn were 
bought for a parsonage at Lakeville, called 
Beech Woods. He continued as pastor up- 
wards of forty years and spent the best part 
of his life in Middleboro, and his church en- 
joyed a season of healthful growth and pros- 
perity, the denomination gaining strength 
rapidly. Mr. Hinds contributed greatly to 
the growth of his sect and his pulpit was a 
stronghold. His pastorate closed when he was 
seventy, but he continued to preach from time 
to time and retained his physical and mental 
vigor. Even after he was eighty years old he 
would mount his horse unaided, ride long dis- 
tances to hold religious services or assist at 
ordinations. He went as chaplain with Cap- 
tain Benjamin Pratt's company to Lake George 
in 1758 in the French and Indian war. Elder 
Hinds deeded his house to the church and 
society, November 2, 1805. 

He married (first) Susannah Keith, of 
Bridgewater, born 1727. daughter of John and 
Hannah (Washburn) Keith, and granddaugh- 
ter of Rev. James Keith. She was buried near 
the present Congregational church in Bridge- 
water. He married (second) in 1751, Lydia 
Bartlett, who died May 12. 1801. Her brother 
Richard was a soldier at .-\nnapolis Royal in 
1775 under Colonel Winslow in seizing and 
disposing of the neutral French. 

The epitaph of Elder Hinds on his tomb- 
stone in the old ^^iddlebo^o graveyard reads : 
"In memory of Rev. Ebenezer Hinds, who died 
April 19, 1812, in the 94th year. T have fought 
a good fight. I have finished my course, I have 
kept my faith, henceforth there is laid up for 
me a crown of righteousness'." That of his 
wife: "Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Lydia, 
wife of Rev. Ebenezer Hinds. She died May 
12, 1801, in her sixty-seventh year. "Give her 
of the fruits of her hanfls, and let her own 
works praise her'." Children of first wife: 
Keziah, born 1745: Salome. 1747: Child, died 
in infancy ; Child, died in infancy. Children of 
second wife : Ebenezer. born January 25, 1753 ; 
Bartlett, mentioned below : Susannah, Slay 16. 
1757; John, September 19, 1759; Leonard, Au- 
gust 19, 1761 ; Lydia, .\ugust i. 1763; Pre- 
served, February 27, 1765 ; Abanoam, June 19, 
1768; Keziah, March 19, 1772. died August 



12, 1774; Hannah, born May 12, 1773; Rich- 
ard, September 11, 1775. 

(V) Bartlett, son of Rev. Ebenezer Hinds, 
was born in Bridgewater, April 4, 1755, died 
December 11, 1822. He was a soldier in the 
revolution in Captain Wood's company. He 
went to Pennsylvania and became the first 
settler in Montrose, Susquehanna county. He 
was involved in the controversy between set- 
tlers who were divided over the question 
whether Connecticut or Pennsylvania had juris- 
diction over their land and he was once the 
victim of a persecution and assault by a mob 
(see p. 40, Hinds Genealogy). Bartlett Hinds 
was one of the three county commissioners 
elected when Susquehanna county was organ- 
ized in 1812. He married (first) December i, 
1780, Ruth Pickens, of Middleboro, daughter 
of John Pickens (see Pickens II). He mar- 
ried (second) .Agnes (Rugg) Post, widow of 
Isaac Post, she was born June i. 1764, died in 
May, 1834 (see Post X). Children of first 
wife: Susannah, born November 10, 1782, died 
November 15. 1846. married Isaac Post (see 
Post XI) : Conrad, January 5, 1785. Children 
of second wife: Richard, born December 17, 
1795 : Bartlett, June 7, 1797. 

CThe Pickens Line). 

( 1 1 Thomas Pickens, immigrant ancestor, 
came from the north of Ireland with the 
Strowbridges, McCulloys and a few other 
Scotch families about 17x8 with the earliest 
Scotch-Irish pioneers. They came from Bally- 
gully, near Coleraine. Ireland. With Pickens 
came also his wife, Margaret ( Steele) Pickens, 
and their children : Jane, .Andrew and James 
r*ickens, and after a rough and tedious voyage 
of eleven weeks they landed at Boston. They 
lived at Milton, near Boston, at Freetown on 
Cape Cod and finally at Middleboro, in 
Plymouth county. Thomas Pickens bought 
land in Middleboro, December 26, 1732, of 
Itarnabas Eaton (see Middleboro History and 
Strowbridge Genealogy, p. 17, which contains 
a letter written by one of the third genera- 
tion). In 1736 Thomas Pickens, of Freetown, 
deeded land to John Dunham. In 1739 Thomas 
Pickens, of Middleboro. deeded to son James. 
Thomas Pickens died before November, 1739. 
The son James died March 22, 1800, in his 
eighty- fourth year. In this country Thomas 
and Margaret Pickens had: Martha, John, 
mentioned below ; Margaret, Thomas. 

(II) John, son of Thomas Pickens, was 
born about 1725. He married Ruth Cushen. 
They lived in Middleboro and their daughter 
Ruth, born April. 1759. married Bartlett Hinds 
(see Hinds V). 



NEW ENGLAND. 



89 



Sergeant Richard Hildreth, 
HILDRETH immigrant ancestor, was born 

in the north part of England, 
in 161 5, died in 1688. He settled first in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and was admitted a 
freeman there. May 10, 1643. He removed 
to Woburn. Massachusetts, and was one of the 
grantees of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. Hy 
1663 he had no less than eight grants of land 
from the general court, amounting altogether 
to one hundred and five acres. The "History 
of W'estford'" says : 

Tlie Hildreth homestead was about midway be- 
tween the centre and south villages of Chelmsford. 
This family also spread into Westford. A tract of 
land containing about five hundred acres on the 
east side of the town came into their possession. It 
is not easy to give the exact boundaries. It in- 
cluded the houses with land attached of Augustus 
Eunce. George Porter Wright, the Drew Brothers, 
(Thomas and George). Isaac G. Minot and Julian 
Hihireth. Providence Meadow was its northwest 
limit and tlie house of Edward Symmes stands not 
far from the east border. The Hildreths also took up 
two or three farms south and east of Tadmuck hill or 
that spur of it known as Prospect Hill. Four or five 
houses there were at one time known as "Hildreth 
Row." Richard Hildreth had a special grant of one 
hundred and fifty acres of land from the general court 
in 1663 on account of having lost the use of his right 
hand, presumably in the service. He was accused 
in 1670 by Rev. John Fiske. of Chelmsford, of hav- 
ing used "reproachful speech concerning the 
■cliurch" and was disciplined by the church. Pre- 
viously he had been charged by Deacon Esdras 
Reade in 1656 and 1661 with the use of similar 
"seditious language" and was ordered to appear 
before the church authorities, but he refused to 
obey the order. His will was dated February 9, 
1686, and proved some time after his death in 1688. 
He left land in Chelmsford to his son Ephraim, 
who was then living in Stow, including the home- 
stead and the seven acres north of the Great Pond, 
eighteen acres south and seventeen acres east 
of it. 



He married (first) Sarah , who died 

1644; married (second) Elizabeth , 

who died at Maiden, August 3. 1693, aged six- 
ty-eight years. Children of first wife : James, 
born in Woburn, 163 1 ; Ephraim, born in Cam- 
bridge or Woburn, married .\nna Moore, of 
Lancaster. Children of second wife, born at 
^\'oburn : Elizabeth, September 21, 1646; 
Sarah, August 8, 1648. Born at Chelmsford: 
Joseph. April 16. 1658, married, December 12, 
1683, Abigail Wilson ; Persis, February 8, 
1660; Thomas, February i, 1662; Isaac, men- 
tioned below : Abigail, tuarried Moses Parker. 

(H) Isaac, son of Richard Hildreth. was 
born in July, 1663, and lived at Woburn in 
1695. It is believed that he removed to Stow, 
Massachusetts, or vicinity. He married Eliza- 
beth . Two children were born at Wo- 
burn : Persis. November 25, i6qi ; Joanna, No- 
vember 16, 1695. 



(III) Isaac (2) Hildreth was a grandson 
of Richard Hildreth and doubtless son of Isaac 
( I ) Hildreth, of whom little is known. He 
was born about 1700 in Stow or vicinity, and 
was among the early settlers and proprietors 
of the town of Petersham, Worcester county, 
Massachusetts. His son Isaac appears to have 
succeeded to his homestead and there is no 
record of his death in the vital records of 
Petersham or the probate records of the county 
of Worcester. It is surmised that he returned 
to Stow and probably died in Middlesex county. 
The Hildreth family before 1700 lived at 
Chelmsford, Dracut, Concord, Stow and vicin- 
ity. All of the name are descended from Rich- 
ard Hildreth. From this section came a large 
part of the original settlers of Petersham. The 
earliest authentic list of the proprietors of the 
town of Petersham was prepared December 
14, 1750, by Thomas Adams, clerk of the pro- 
prietors, giving the names of forty-seven set- 
tlers with the proprietor's rights on which they 
located. Isaac Hildreth's naine is misspelled 
"Hilldrake." a not uncommon spelling, how- 
ever. He or his son Isaac deeded to Isaac Jr. 
land in Petersham, November 28, 1753. Chil- 
dren : I. Isaac, born about 1725 ; lived and died 
at Petersham; his will was dated May 8, 1764, 
bequeathing to wife Esther and minor chil- 
dren whose names were found to be Isaac, 
Jesse, Joshua, Esther and Rachel (see Worces- 
ter County Probate Records, No. 29. 302 A). 
2. Samuel, mentioned below. 3. John, born 
about 1735-45: lived in Petersham: married 
(intention dated February 6, 1768) Elizabeth 
Farr, of Chesterfield. 4. Elizabeth, married, 
November 4, 1762, Jonas Davis, of Chester- 
field, New Hampshire. 5. Jonathan, settled 
in Westmoreland, New Hampshire, as early 
as 175 1, coming from Petersham and settling 
in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, about 1763; 
married three times, wives named Mary, Phebe 
and Dinah; was selectman and left many de- 
scendants. 6. Edward, settled in Chesterfield 
as early as 1767, w'nen he married Sarah Whit- 
ney: he died January 21, 1821, aged eighty 
vears, and had manv descendants at Chester- 
field and vicinity. ' 7. William, came from 
Petersham to Chesterfield: married. 1768. Jo- 
anna Bingham. There may have been other 
daughters. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Isaac Hildreth. was 
born in 1735 at Stow or vicinity, in Massa- 
chusetts. He married (first) in 1759. Han- 
nah Farr. who died at Chesterfield in Decem- 
ber, 1786. aged forty-five years. He settled 
there before 17A7 on the farm now or lately 
owned bv Hermon C. Harvey and formerly by 
Marshall' H. Day. Samuel Hildreth was select- 
man of Chesterfield in 1776-78- f^e died in 



90 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1812, in his seventy-seventh year. The Parr 
or Farrar family came from Stow to Peters- 
ham among the early settlers. Hannah ( Parr ) 
Hildreth probably died before 1787, as her 
name does not appear on the following de- 
scribed deed, signed by her husband. Samuel 
Hildreth. Daniel Parr, Edward Hildreth 2d. 
and Sarah his wife, Mary Parr, all of Chester- 
field, New Hampshire, and Patience Parr, of 
Bovlston, Massachusetts, quitclaimed to Sam- 
uel Parr, of Boylston, all their rights as heirs- 
at-law of "their father Daniel Parr" whose 
home is described as in the "north part of 
Shrewsbury, now Boylston," the deed being 
dated .April 26, 1787. and witnessed by Jona- 
than Hildreth and Samuel Hildreth Jr., at 
Chesterfield (recorded at Worcester). Sam- 
uel Hildreth signed the .Association Test in 
1776 and his descendants are eligible to the 
Sons and Daughters of the Revolution. Chil- 
dren of Samuel and Hannah Hildreth: Leah, 
born October 4, 1760; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low; Daniel, May 18, 1765, died 1781 : Isaac, 
September 19, 1767, married Hannah Parr : 
Hannah. October 29, 1769: Susanna, October 
2, 1771, died 1774; Joel, December 28, 1773, 
married Anna Bowker and died in Lynn, Mas- 
sachusetts ; Susanna, July 8, 1776; Elijah, 
July 7, 1779; Daniel, September 30, 1781, mar- 
ried Susanna Fairbanks: Persis, July 8, 1782, 
married John Rugg, of Salem. Massachusetts. 
Samuel Hildreth married (second), at Peters- 
ham. January 10, 1788, Sally Bosworth. 

(\') Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Hil- 
dreth, was born at Chesterfield, October 25, 
1762, died there April 12, 1802. His first wife 
died in 1790. and he married (second) Jeru- 

sha . Children, born in Chesterfield : 

Daniel. February 27, 1790, a prominent citi- 
zen of Beverly, Massachusetts, where he died 
in .August, i860; .Alvin ( ?), born May 28, 
1792: Samuel, mentioned below; Paul, April 
19, 1798, died in Danvers, Massachusetts; 
Thirza, May 20, 1801, died .August 19, 1816. 

(VI) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) Hil- 
dreth, was born in Chesterfield, New Hamp- 
shire, October 3, 1794, died in Lynn, Massa- 
chusetts. For a time he was a farmer at 
Springfield, formerly Protectworth, New 
Hampshire. The census of 1790 shows that 
at Cornish, adjacent to the present town of 
Springfield, liverl Samuel, who then had four 
males over sixteen, one under si.xteen and two 
females in his family, and Joel, who had two 
males under sixteen and one female. .At Ches- 
terfield Edward. Isaac, Jesse, Ichabod, Lotan, 
Martin. Reuben. Samuel and William were at 
that time heads of families. He married 
(first) Polly, daughter of David Morgan. Chil- 



dren : David Morgan, mentioned below ; 
Thirza J., born 1824, married, May 30, 1844, 
James L. Alger, at Lynn. He married (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth ; child, Caroline Lou- 
isa, born September 14, 1836. 

(\"II) David Morgan, son of Samuel (3) 
Hildreth, was born at Springfield, New 
Hampshire, December 28, 1821. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, whither his father came in 1827 when he 
was six years old. Throughout his active and 
useful life he was engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness. He was proprietor of the famous St. 
Charles Hotel in New Orleans, before the civil 
war. and also conducted for a time the Royal 
Hotel of New Orleans. He remained in New 
Orleans after the war began, and was living 
there when it was surrendered to the federal 
army. Subsequently he gave up business 
there and spent two years in Spain with his 
family. He returned to this coimtry, Octo- 
ber 21, 1864, and conducted the New York 
Hotel, which became headquarters for visit- 
ing southerners, especially those from New 
Orleans. 

He married (first), September 28, 1841, at 
Lynn, Elizabeth C. Washburn, who died .Au- 
gust 19, 1849, aged twenty-seven years. He 
married ( second ) Annie Lloyd Mudge, born 
in Portland, Mame, October 14, 1830, daugh- 
ter of Solomon Hinkley and Susan ( Hodg- 
kins) Mudge, of Providence, Rhode Island. 
Child of first wife: Sally Elizabeth, born at 
New Orleans (recorded at Lynn). August 7, 
1849. Child of second wife: Walter Ed- 
wards, mentioned below. 

(\'III) Walter Edwards, son of David 
Morgan Hildreth, was born in Oakdale, Mad- 
ison county, Illinois, where his parents were 
then living, October 21, 1857. He was edu- 
cated in various private schools and in Colum- 
bia College, from which he was graduated in 
the class of 1877 with the degree of Bachelor 
of .Arts. For a time he followed his profes- 
sion as civil engineer and then became finan- 
cially interested in various mining industries. 
When his father died he succeeded to his hotel 
business, and is at present president of the 
Breslin Hotel Company and manager of Ho- 
tel Breslin. Broadway. New A^ork City. He 
is president of the Urbana Wine Company. 
He is a member of the Columbia University 
Club and the University Club. In politics he 
is a Democrat. 

He married, March 4, 1886, Hanie Ham- 
mond Lawson. born at Woodbury, Connecti- 
cut.- May 4. 1857. daughter of Robert C. Law- 
son. Children : Ruth Lawson. born May 10, 
1893; Hanie Dorothy, November 13, 1894. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



91 



There are several cJift'er- 

TWITCHELL ent ways of spelling this 
surname, among them 
Twichell, Tuchill, Twitchwell and Twitchell. 

(I) Joseph Twitchell, immigrant ancestor, 
settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in No- 
vember, 1633, died September 13, 1657. He 
was made freeman. May 14, 1634. He had 
land assigned to him in Dorchester, February 
18, 1635-36. He was admitted to the church, 
January 8, 1644. He signed a deed of land. 
May 24, 1656. The inventory of his estate 
was presented December 26, 1657, by Timothy 
Wales and Benjamin Twitchell, probably a 
brother. 

(H) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Twitch- 
ell, was an early settler in Sherborn, Massa- 
chusetts. He married Lydia , who 

died between 171 5 and 1730. He had one hun- 
dred acres of the first grants in Sherborn, and 
June 12, 1682, united with the others in pay- 
ing ofT the Indian claims. In 1686 he was 
rated to extinguish the Indian claim to the re- 
mainder of the lands. He built his house near 
Royal Stone's house in Sherborn. Children : 
Patience, born December 2, 1678 ; Content, 
January 25, 1680; Charity, December 7, 1682; 
Sarah, November 15, 1684; Lydia, October 
II, 1686; Joseph, mentioned below; Ephraim, 
October 24, 1695. 

(Ill) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) 
Twitchell, was born September 3, 1688, died 
January 31, 1728. He lived in Sherborn, 
where he was born. He married, March 27, 
1717, Elizabeth, born in Sherborn, July 22, 
1696, died there March 31, 1782, daughter of 
John Holbrook, who was born in Sherborn in 
1674, died there February 28, 1740; he mar- 
ried Silence Wood, born in "BuUard's Fort," 
February 22, 1675, the day after her father's 
death, and her mother died a few days later; 
she died in Sherborn, May 11, 1756; she was 
daughter of Jonathan Wood, born in Dorches- 
ter, Massachusetts, January 3. 165 1, and killed 
by the Indians on the bank of the Charles 
river, February 21, 1675-76. Jonathan Wood 
was son of Nicholas Wood, freeman of Dor- 
chester, June 2, 1641, who died in Natick 
Bounds, February 7, 1670; the inventory of 
his property was dated 1649 ; he married Mary 
Williams, of Roxbury, died February 19, 1663. 
daughter of Robert Williams, who came to 
Roxbury in 1637, was made freeman. May 2, 
1638, and is said to have come from Norwich, 
county Norfolk, England, with wife Eliza- 
beth (Stratton, by family tradition), who died 
July 28, 1674; he died September i, 1693. 
John Holbrook was son of Thomas Holbrook. 
born about 1727. Thomas Holbrook married. 



in Weymouth, January 26, 1669, Margaret 
Bouker, who died April 9, 1690. Thomas Hol- 
brook was son of John Holbrook, of Dorches- 
ter, who was made freeman. May 13, 1640, and 
later removed to Weymouth. Massachusetts. 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Twitchell: Joseph, 
mentioned below; Deacon Jona, July 22, 1721. 

I IV) Joseph (4), son of Joseph (3) 
Twitchell, was born February 13, 1718, at 
Sherborn, died there March 12, 1792, from 
apoplexy. He was captain of the militia, and 
commissary for the army in the revolution. 
He served as town clerk, representative and 
magistrate. He married ("first) Deborah Fair- 
banks, June 28, 1739. They were admitted 
to the church, July 27, 1 740. He married 
(second) Deborah (Sanger) Fasset, January 
I, 1786. His first wife was daughter of Elea- 
zer Fairbanks, born in Sherborn, December 
29, 1690, died there September 19. 1741 ; he 
was a capnin ; he married, in Sherborn, De- 
cember 25, 1712, Martha Bullard, born in 
Sherborn, February 11, 1695, daughter of 
Hon. Samuel Bullard, born in Sherborn, De- 
cember 26, 1667, died December 11, 1727, mar- 
ried, June, 1690, Deborah Atherton, born in 
Lancaster, Massachusetts, June i, 1669. Hon. 
Samuel Bullard served as captain, and was as- 
sessor five years, selectman nineteen years, 
representative in 1708-09 and 1723-24-25; he 
was son of Benjamin Bullard. Deborah .Ath- 
erton, wife of Samuel Bullard, was daughter 
of James Atherton, born in England, came to 
Dorchester, then Lancaster, 1654, and finally 
Sherborn, Massachusetts, where he died in 

1707; he married Hannah . Eleazer 

Fairbanks was son of George Fairbanks, born 
in England, came with his father to Dedham 
before 1641 and settled in 1657 in Sherborn, 
where he died January 10. 1682. married 
Mary . He was son of Jonathan Fair- 
banks, born in Yorkshire. England, married, 
in Halifax Parish, Yorkshire. May 20. 1617, 
Grace Smith, of Warley, England, came to 
New England before 1641 and settled in Dur- 
ham. Massachusetts, died December 5. 1668. 
Children of Joseph Twitcheil by first wife: 
Captain Samuel, born August 24. 1740: Jo- 
seph, November 27. 1741 ; Elizabeth. July 27, 
1743; Eleazer, January 22. 1744-45; Ezram, 
Tune 23, 1746; Martha. December 16. 1747; 
Deborah. March 26, 1749. died May 13. 1752"; 
.Abel, Mav 28, 1751: Deborah. December 23. 
1752; Mollv, Mav 17, 1755; Amos, December 
28, 1756; Eli. February 17. 1759: Peter, men- 
tioned'below; Jule. March 18. 1766. 

(V) Peter, son of Joseph (4) Twitchell. 
was baptized .August 30. 1760. died in Bethel, 
Maine, November 18, 1855. For over forty 



92 



NEW ENGLAND. 



years he was a vegetarian in diet. In 1851 
he was able to walk for miles to church and 
back and stand during the delivery of the ser- 
mon. He was a soldier in the revolution. He 
married (first), Alay 8, 1783, Sarah Bullard, 
who died September 20, 1791. He married 
(second) Amy Perry, January 10, 1793, born 
in Sherborn, January 10, 1774, died in Bethel, 
October, 1835 (see Perry \'I). Children by 
first wife: Almond, born July 10, 1784, died 
November 18, 1792; Jona, 1789; Eli, died of 
small-pox, September 26, 1792: by second 
wife: Eli, born July 22, 1794; Julia, April 10, 
1797; John Adams, mentioned below. 

(VI) John Adams, son of Peter Twitchell, 
was born in Sherborn, September 7, 1798, 
ilied in Bethel, Elaine, April 13, 1877. He 
married, in Bethel, June 17, 1823, Roxanna 
Howe, born in Bridgton, Maine, June 13, 1800, 
died in Bethel, February 22, 1888 (see Howe 
V'll). He had a son, John Quincy Adams, 
mentioned below. 

(\'II) John Quincy Adams, son of John 
Adams Twitchell, was born in Bethel, Maine, 
May 18, 1838, died in Portland. Maine. Feb- 
ruary 29, 1896. He married . 

Children: Frederick, died in infancy. Ger- 
trude Marble, born in Portland. Maine, 1872, 
died in 1906. .Arthur C, mentioned below. 

(VIII) .Arthur C, son of John Quincy 
Adams Twitchell, was born at Portland, 
•Maine. October 12, 1874. He attended the 
public schools of his native city and prepared 
for college at St. Paul's School, Concord, New 
Hampshire. He entered WilHams College and 
was graduated in 1898 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. For a time afterward he 
was in the employ of the International Paper 
Company of New York City, but soon resigned 
to become the manager of the M. B. Fuller 
Company, of Scranton, Pennsylvania. .After 
two years with that concern, he became pur- 
chasing agent of the Temple Iron Company. 
He is also general managec of the Winton 
Coal Company, of Scranton. with offices in 
the Mears Building. He is a director of the 
Dime Deposit and Discount Bank of Scranton. 
He is a member of Peter Williamson Lodge. 
No. 323. Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Scranton; of the Sons of the Revolution, the 
Coionial Society, the Scranton Club, the Coun- 
try Club and of Kappa Alpha, a college fra- 
ternity. In politics he is a Republican. He 
attends the Presbyterian church. 

He married. .April 5. 1899. Frances .A., 
born July 27, 1875, daughter of Byron Man- 
ning and Frances ( Silkman ) Winton, and 
granddaughter of W. W. Winton. Mr. and 
Mrs. Twitchell have no children. 



(The Perry Line). 

(I) John Perry, immigrant ancestor, came 
to Roxbury. probably coming over in the 
"Lion" in 1632. He was made freeman, 
March 4. 1633. He died September 21, 1642. 

(II) John (2). son of John (i) Perry, was 
born in Roxbury. Massachusetts. September 
2, 1639, died in Sherborn, before 1715. He 
married, in Sherborn, Massachusetts, IVIay 2^, 
1665, Bethiah Morse, born in Sherborn. March 

24, 1646, died in 1717, daughter of Daniel 
Morse, who was born in England in 161 3, died 
at Sherborn in 1688 ; he settled first in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, where he was made 
freeman. May 6, 1635 ; he married Lydia 
Fisher in Dedham. where he lived for a time ; 
she was sister of Anthony Fisher Sr., and she 
died at Sherborn, January 29, 1691. Daniel 
Morse was son of Samuel Morse, the immi- 
grant, who came in the "Increase" from Lon- 
don in 1635, aged fifty, with his wife Eliza- 
beth, aged forty-eight ; he died December 5, 
1654, and she died June 20, 1655. 

( III) Nathaniel, son of John (2) Perry, 
was born in Sherborn in 1683, died there Sep- 
tember 7, 1756. He married Abigail Mason, 
who died March 15, 1729. 

(IV) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
Perry, was born in Sherborn. January 2. 17 17, 
died there January 24, 1754. He married 
Elizabeth Soughton, from Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(V) Edward West, son of Nathaniel (2) 
Perry, was born in Sherborn, March 8, 1743. 
died there June 5, 1810. He was a soldier in 
the revolution. He married, in Sherborn, 
September 4. 1771. Esther, born in Sherborn. 
May 26, 1751. died there March 12. 1813. 
daughter of Captain Edward Learned, born in 
Sherborn. December 2, 1705. died there Sep- 
tember 9, 1775: he married (third), .August 

25, 1748, Mrs. Sarah (Fuller) Pratt, born in 
Newton, Massachusetts, October 20, 1720, died 
at Sherborn, January 11, 1783. Captain 
Learned was son of Benoni Learned, born in 
Charlestown. Massachusetts, December 4, 
1656. died .April 10, 1738; he married (sec- 
ond) Sarah Slore. born in Sudbury, Massa- 
chusetts. March 3. 1684. died at Sherborn. 
January 25. 1737. Benoni Learned was son 
of Isaac Learned, of Woburn and Charles- 
town, born in England, freeman, 1647. died 
November 27 or December 4. 1657, married, 
July 9, 1646, Mary Stearns. Isaac Learned 
was son of William Learned, of Charlestown, 
1632, when he and his wife, Judith (Goodith) 
Learned joined the church ; he was made free- 
man. May 14. 1634, and was selectman in 
1636: he settled in Woburn in 1641. died .April 
5. 1646. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



9^ 



Mrs. Sarah (Fuller-Pratt) Learned, wife of 
Captain Learned, was daughter of Captain 
Jonathan Fuller, who was born in Newton, 
Massachusetts, January 7, 1687, died there 
December i, 1764; he married, October. 1718, 
Sarah Mirick, born in Newton, March 6. 1695^ 
died September 21, 1772, daughter of' John 
Mirick, of Newton, who married, in 1682, 
EHzabeth Trowbridge, born in Dorchester! 
October 12.' 1660; John Mirick died July ii^ 
1706. son of John Mirick. who was in Charles- 
town before 1643. Elizabeth Trowbridge was 
(laughter of Lieutenant James Trowbridge, 
who was baptized in Dorchester in 1638. free- 
man, 1665. selectman, clerk of the writs, dea- 
con, representative 1700 and 1703: he lived 
in the part of Cambridge that became Newton, 
and died May 22. 1717: he married, in Dor- 
chester. December 30. 1659, Margaret .\ther- 
ton. born there and died in Cambridge. June 
17. 1672. daughter of Major Humphrey Ath- 
erton. of Dorchester, 1636; freeman. May 2, 
1638, and of the artillery the same year, its 
captain in 1650, often selectman, and repre- 
sentative nine years, from 1638. but not in 
succession; major-general in 1656, died Sep- 
tember 17, 1661. Lieutenant James Trow- 
bridge was son of Thomas Trowbridge, of 
New Haven, Connecticut, 1640, who, accord- 
ing to tradition, first settled at Dorchester, 
coming from Taunton, county Somerset. Eng- 
land, about 1637. and returned home about 
1644. leaving his three sons, and died in Taun- 
ton. England. February 7, 1672. 

Captain Jonathan Fuller was son of Joseph 
Fuller, born in Cambridge, February 10, 1652, 
died February 7, 1699: married. February 13, 
1680, Lydia Jackson, born in Newton. 1656, 
died April 13, 1700; Lydia was daughter of 
Edward Jackson, of Cambridge, baptized in 
Stepney. Whitechapel parish. London. Eng- 
land. February 3, 1604-05. came to New Eng- 
land about 1643, freeman. 1645: representa- 
tive, 1647, ^id fifteen years more, died in the 
village, now Newton, July 17. 1681 ; married 
(second), March 14, 1649, Mrs. Elizabeth * 
(Newgate) Oliver, born in England. 1618. 
died in Newton, September 30, 1709. Edward 
Jackson was son of Christopher Jackson, of 
Stepney. Whitechapel parish. London. Eliza- 
beth (Newgate) Oliver w^as daughter of 
John Newgate, born in Southwark. near 
London Bridge. 1580. come to Boston 
with wife and children; merchant there in 
1632. freeman. March 4. 1635 ; representative. 
1638. died 1665 : widow Ann died in 1679. 

Sarah More, wife of Benoni Learned, was 
daughter of Jacob More, born in Sudbury, 
April 28, 1645. married there. May 29. 1667. 
Elizabeth Looker. Jacob More was son of 



John More, of Sudbury, 1643, wife Elizabeth 

; married (second), November 16. 

1654, Ann Smith, settled in Lancaster, diecl 
November, 1703. 

Mary Stearns, wife of Isaac Learned, was 
baptized in Neyland, county Sutfolk, Eng- 
land. January 6. 1627; she married (seconcb 
John Burge. of Chelmsford, Massachusetts; 
she died in 1663; daughter of Isaac Stearns, of 
Watertown, freeman. 1630; May 18. 1631. 
Isaac was on the first jury that tried a civil 
cause in New England, and he died June 19. 
1671, leaving wife Mary. 
^ Joseph Fuller was son of John Fuller, of 
Cambridge, died February 7, 1699; widow 
Elizabeth died April 13, 1700. 

(\'I) Amy. daughter of Edward West 
Perry, married Peter Twitchell (see Twitch- 
ell V). 

(The Howe Line). 

( I ) Abraham Howe, immigrant ancestor,. 
was of Roxbury. He was made freeman. 
May 2, 1638. and died in Boston. November 
20. 1683. His wife died December. 1645. 

(II) Abraham (2), son of Abraham (i) 
Howe, was born in England. 

(III) Isaac, son of Abraham (2) Howe,, 
was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
March 30, 1656. He married, in Ipswich,. 
Massachusetts, May 11, 1685, Deborah, 
daughter of James Howe Jr., who was born 
about 1634. married Elizabeth Jackson, was 
made freeman, 1669; and granddaughter 
of James Howe, of Roxbury, freeman. May 
17, 1637, of Ipswich. 1648. died May 17, 1702,. 
married Elizabeth Dane, daughter of John 
Dane, who was of Roxbury ; came from 
county Essex, England, 1636, with his tirst 
wife Frances; two or more children born in 
England, at least Elizabeth and John ; mar- 
ried (second) Widow Chandler, who died 
September 14. 1658. 

(IV) Jacob, son of Isaac Howe, was born 
in Charlestown. His intention of marriage 
was made January 20. 1721. with Eleanor 
Sherwin. born in Ipswich. June 28. 1696. She 
was daughter of John Sherwin. of Ipswich, 
who was born in 1644. died October 15, 
1726. married (second). September 30. 1691. 
Mary Chandler, born in Andover. ^^assachu- 
setts. in 1659. daughter of William Chandler, 
who was born in Roxbury. December. 1636, 
and married. .August 24. 1658. Mary Dane. 
born in Ipswich in 1639. died May 10. 1679, 
(laughter of John Dane Jr.. of Ipswich: John 
Dane Jr. was born in Colchester. England, 
1613, made freeman. June 2, 1641. was a sur- 
geon, and died September 29. 1684. William 
Chandler was son of William Chandler, of 
Roxbury. 1637. who died January 10. 1642, 



94 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



leaving a widow Annis or Hannah, who mar- 
ried (second), July 2, 1643, John Dane. 

(.V) Jacob (2j, son of Jacob (i) Howe, 
was born in Charlestown, February 9, 1724, 
died in Ipswich, August i or 9, 1806. He mar- 
ried, November 21, 1751, Lydia Davis, born 
in Ipswich, October 9 or 19, 1731, died there 
February 2, 1808. 

(\'I) Jacob (3), son of Jacob (2) Howe, 
was born in Ipswich in 1759, died in Paris, 
Maine, January 30, 1830. He was a soldier 
in the revolution. He married, 1782, Bettee 
Foster, born in Bo.xford, Alassachusetts, Au- 
gust 10, 1763, died in Farmington, Maine, 
daughter of Closes Foster, who was born in 
Bo.xford, March 2, 1739, was a soldier in the 
revolution, married, September 29, 1761, Han- 
nah Putnam, born in Danvers, Massachusetts, 
in August, 1743, and who married (second), 
October 23, 1777, Reuben Burnham, of Bridg- 
ton, Maine. Closes Foster was son of Jere- 
miah Foster, who was born in Boxford, May 
4, 1701, and whose intention of marriage with 
Abigail Wood was published in Bo.xford, Oc- 
tober 31, 1731 ; she died July 27, 1750, and he 
died August 15, 1785. Jeremiah Foster was 
son of Timothy Foster, who was born in Row- 
ley Village, now Boxford, in 1672, died there 
in 1751 ; he married Mary Dorman, who died 
before 1718, daughter of Ephraim and ^lartha 
Dorman, of Topsfield, Massachusetts, and 
granddaughter of Thomas Dorman, of Ips- 
wich, who was made freeman, March 4, 1635, 
and died in Topsfield, April 25, 1670. Tim- 
othy Foster was son of U'illiam Foster, who 
was born in England in 1633, died May 17, 
1713; he married. May 15, 1661, Mary Jack- 
son, born February 8, 1639. William' Foster 
was son of Reginold Foster, of Ipswich, 1638, 
born in England, and died between March 5 

and May 30. 1681 ; he married Judith , 

who died in October, 1664. 

Hannah Putnam, wife of Moses Foster, was 
daughter of W^illiam Putnam, who was born 
in Salem Village, now Danvers, March 3, , 
1712; he married Ruth Leach: he was son of ' 
Bartholomew Putnam. Bartholomew Putnam 
was born in Danvers in October, 1688 ; he mar- 
ried Mary Putnam, who was born in Danvers, 
February 2, 1691, and was sister of General 
Israel Putnam, and daughter of Lieutenant 
Joseph Putnam, who was born in Salem, Mas- 
sachusetts. September 4, 1669; Lieutenant Jo- 
seph Putnam married, April 21, 1690, Eliza- 
beth Porter, born October 2. 1673, daughter 
of Israel Porter, of Salem : Israel Porter mar- 
ried, November 20. 1672, in Salem, Elizabeth 
Hathorne. born in Salem, July 22, 1649, 
daughter of Major William Hathorne or 
Hawthorne, of Salem, 1636. Major Haw- 



tliorne came in the "Arabella" with Winthrop 
in 1630 and was made freeman. May 14, 1634; 
he was representative for Salem for many 
years, and speaker in 1644 and six years later; 
he was assistant or councillor in 1662-79, and 
military commander as captain or major in 
King Philip's war; he died in 1681. Israel 
Porter was son of John Porter, of Hingham, 
1635, who was representative in 1644 and re- 
moved to Salem that year ; he died September 
6, 1676, and his widow Mary died February 
6, 1685. 

Lieutenant Joseph Putnam, father of Mary 
Putnam, was son of Lieutenant Thomas 
Putnam, of Lynn and Salem, who was made 
freeman. May 18, 1642, and died May 5, 1686; 
he married (second), November 14, 1666, 
Mrs. Mary \'eren, widow of Nathaniel Veren, 
and she died March 16. 1694. 

Bartholomew Putnam was son of Lieuten- 
ant James Putnam, who was born in Salem 
Village, September 4, 1661 ; he married Sarah 

. Lieutenant James was son of Captain 

John Putnam, who was born at Aston Abbots, 
county Bucks, England, and baptized May 27, 
1627; he came to Salem about 1640, where he 
married, September 3, 1652, Rebecca Prince; 
he was representative in 1680-86-91-92. Cap- 
tain Putnam was son of John Putnam, who 
was born in England in 158 — , died in Salem 
Village, now Danvers, December 30, 1662; he 
married in England, before 1612, Priscilla 
Deacon ; he was a well-to-do farmer. 

(\II) Roxanna, daughter of Jacob (3) 
Howe, married John Adams Twitchell (see 
Twitchell VI). 



Thomas Pope, immigrant ancestor, 
POPE was born in 1608, died in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts, in October. 
1683. He settled in Plymouth. Massachusetts, 
where he was taxed on January 2, 1632-33, 
and again on January 2, 1633-34. On Octo- 
ber 6. 1636, he received a grant of five acres 
of land "at the fishing point next Slowly field, 
and said Thomas be allowed to build. ' On 
June 7, 1637, he volunteered to go under "Mr. 
Prence," on an expedition against the Pe- 
quots. On August 29, 1640, lie sold his prop- 
erty at the fishing point to John Bonham, and 
on November 20 of that year he was granted 
five acres "of meadowing in South Meadows 
toward Gavans Colebrook meadows." In Au- 
gust, 1634, he was among those men able to 
bear arms. He was chosen constable, June 
4. 1645, and was on a jury in August, 1645. 
In 1646 he was at Yarmouth. On June r, 
1647, an action for slander was brought 
against him. confessed, authors and defendants 
were brought in equally guilty, and damages 



NEW ENGLAND. 



95 



paid. In July, 1648, he was chosen surveyor 
of highways, and again on June 6, 1651. On 
July 26, 1652, and in 1656, he was "on an En- 
quest". In December, 1663, he and Gyles 
Rickard were arrested "for breaking the 
King's peace by striking each other, and were 
fined three shillings and four pence". On 
February 7, 1664, and May 2. 1665, he was 
disputing with John Barnes in regard to a 
boundary line. He was made freeman in 
1668. In 1673 he petitioned for a grant of 
land at Saconnett, now Little Compton, Rhode 
Island, but was unable to secure the grant. 
He was granted permission by the court to 
look for lantl, undisposed of, and he secured a 
large tract on the east side of the Acushnet 
river at Dartmouth, wdiere he moved doubt- 
less about 1674. In July, 1675, h's son John, 
aged twenty-two, his daughter Susannah and 
her husband Ensign Jacob Mitchell, were 
killed by King Fhilip"s Indians, "early in the 
morning as they were fleeing on horseback to 
the garrison, whither the Mitchell children 
had been sent the afternoon before". The 
Dartmouth settlement was abandoned soon 
after this, because of the danger from the In- 
dians, and no attempt seems to have been made 
for about three years to settle there again. 
On June 12, 1676, several Indians who had 
been captured and sent in by Bradford and 
Church, were brought before the court: one 
of them, John-num, was accused of being 
concerned in the murder of Jacob Mitchell 
and his wife and John Pope, and was put to 
death. On July 13, 1677, other Indians were 
put into slavery as a punishment for the out- 
rages committed at Dartmouth. Thomas 
Pope's will was dated July 9, 1683. Isaac and 
Seth Pope were appointed administrators on 
his estate. November 2, 1683. Isaac inherited 
the homestead of one hundred and seventy- 
two acres, comprising a large part of the 
thickly settled portion of Fairhaven, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Thomas Pope married (first) in Plymouth, 
January 28, 1637, Ann. daughter of Gabriel 
and Catherine Fallowell. of Plymouth. He 
married ( second ) in Plymouth. May 19, 1646, 
Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah (Carey) 
Jenney. of Plymouth. Child by first wife, 
born in Plymouth : Hannah. 1639. Children, 
born in Plymouth, by second wife: Seth, men- 
tioned below: Susannah, 1649: Thomas. 
March 25. 1651. probably died young: Sarah, 
Feb'ruary 14, 1652: John, March 15. 1653: 
Joanna, died about 1605: Isaac, born after 
1663. 

(II) Seth, son of Thomas Pope, was born 
in Plymouth. January 13, 1648, died in Dart- 
mouth. March 17. 1727. .\ccording to tradi- 



tion, about 1G70 he came to Sandwich, Massa- 
chusetts, as a peddler, and the constable, fol- 
lowing a regulation then in force, ordered him 
to leave, lest in future he might become a 
charge on the town, and the records confirm 
the story in part. He left, saying he would 
come back and buy up the town. He took a 
boat at Monument and went along the coast 
to Acushnet, settling within the present limits 
of Fairhaven. He was very successful in 
business, and became one of the wealthy and 
influential men in the colony. On March 8. 
1678-79, he was given an allowance by the court 
to pay him for expenses and time taken in re- 
turning guns to the Indians after King Philip's 
war. On June 2, 1085, he was chosen select- 
man at Dartmouth, and on March 4, 1686, he 
took the oath of fidelity. He was again se- 
lectman on June 2, i(i86, and on June 4 was 
commissioned lieutenant. In 1689 and 1690 
he was chosen representative from Dartmouth 
to the general court at Plymouth : he was 
magistrate for Bristol county, July 7, 1691, 
and justice of the peace in Dartmouth, May 27, 
1692. He was named as one of the fifty-six 
proprietors of Dartmouth in the confirmatory 
deed of Governor Bradford in 1694. On June 
12, 1695, he appeared in Boston to urge an 
abatement of ta.xes in behalf of his townsmen. 
He had a wharf and warehouse at .\cushnet, 
and in 1698 was part owner of the sloop 
"Hopewell," and in 1709 of the sloop "Joanna 
and Thankful." In 1700 he purchased a large 
amount of realty in Sandwich, including the 
gristmill, fulling-mill and weaving-shop, car- 
rying out his promise made to them thirty 
years before ; the property at the time of his 
death was valued at three thousand four hun- 
dred and si.xty pounds. He owned a large 
amount of real estate in Dartmouth, including 
several farms and dwelling houses, a saw and 
gristmill, a store and warehouse, and other 
property amounting to more than fifteen 
thousand pounds. 

He married (first) Deborah Perry, born in 
1655, died February 19, 171 1. He married 

( second ) Rebecca , born 1662, died 

January 2;^, 1741. Children by first wife, all 
born in Dartmouth except the first, and per- 
haps the second : John, mentioned below : 
Thomas, September i, 1677: Susannah. July 
31. 1681 : Sarah, February 16, 1683; Mary, 
September 11. 1686: Seth, .\pril 5. 1689; Han- 
nah. December 14. 1693; Elnathan, .August 
15, 1694: Lemuel, February 21, 1696. 

(Ill) John, son of Seth Pope, was born 
October 23. 1675, after his parents were driven 
from Dartmouth by the Indians: it has not 
been found where they remained the two or 
three vears thev were away from Dartmouth, 



96 



NEW ENGLAND. 



but perhaps they were at Plymouth or Sand- 
wich, or possibly in Rhode Island. He died in 
Sandwich, November i8, 1725, and his grave- 
stone there still exists, probably the oldest one 
in America. He married (first), about 1699, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mrs. Patience (Skiff) 
Bourne, of Sandwich, and she died April 15, 
171 5. He married (second). October 3, 1717. 
E.xperience (Hamblen) Jenkins, of Barnsta- 
ble : she was born March 28, 1693. Children 
by first wife, all, except perhaps the first, born 
in Sandwich: Seth, mentioned below ; Deborah, 
January 6, 1702-03: Sarah, March 25, 1705- 
06: Elizabeth, January 3, 1706-07; Thomas, 
1709: Mary, December, 1713. Children by sec- 
ond wife: Ezra. April 3, 1719; Joanna, March 
3, 1721-22; Charles, February 28, 1724-25. 

(IV } Seth (2), son of John Pope, was born 
in Sandwich, January 3, 1701. died in 1769. 
He often held public offices in the town. In 
1749 he moved to Lebanon, Connecticut, 
where he had a farm at the north end of 
Town street, which he sold in the spring of 
1759. He then bought a large tract on the 
borders of Plainfield and \"oluntown, Con- 
necticut, now in the village of Sterling Hill. 
In 1760 he was on the list of taxpayers in 
Plainfield, and April 28, 1762, he was admitted 
an inhabitant of Voluntown. On March i, 
1762, he conveyed his homestead to his sons 
Seth Jr. and Gershom. He married, June 22, 
1719, Jerusha, daughter of Gershom and Me- 
hetable (Fish) Tcbey, of Sandwich. She was 
born March 23, 1697-98. On October 3, 1769, 
his son Seth was appointed administrator of 
his estate. Children, born in Sandwich : Icha- 
bod, September 5, 1720, died young; Eliza- 
beth, October 3, 1721 ; Deborah, February 23, 
1725; John, April 24, 1727; Mehetable, May 
27, 1729; Seth, mentioned below; Gershom, 
December 18, 1733, died young: Elnathan, 
.\ugust 16, 1735; Ichabod, January 27, 1740; 
Gershom. .August 22, 1743. 

(V) Seth (3), son of Seth (2) Pope, was 
born April 19, 1731. He went with his father 
to Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1749, where he 
married, about 1730, Martha, born November 
6. 1734, daughter of Ebenezer and Lydia ( Lo- 
throp ) Bacon. On March i, 1762, he received 
from his father the homestead in \'oluntown. 
He was killed by being run over by a cart, in 
September, 1774. Children: Ansel, born 1751 ; 
Lothrop, 1753: Hannah, 1757: Seth, died .Au- 
gust, 1802: William, 1763: Esther, married 
Philo Hamlin, of Bloomfield, New York: 
Lydia, February 28. 1767: Martha, married 
(first) John Fairchild and (second) Tyrranus 
Collins : Ebenezer. mentioned below. 

(VI) Captain Ebenezer Pope, son of -Seth 



(3) Pope, was born April 3, 1772, died March 
8, 1841. He lived until 1784 in the family of 
his maternal grandfather, Ebenezer Bacon, of 
Lebanon. From 1795 to 1809 he lived in .\1- 
ford, where he carried on a small ironworks, 
and in 1809 he moved to Great Barrington, 
Massachusetts, where for many years he was 
a prominent citizen and Mason. He served 
several times as selectman in Alford and 
Great Barrington, and three times was elected 
to the state legislature. In 1827, because of 
financial trouble, he moved to Verona, New 
York, returning in 1831 and settling in West 
Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where he died. 
He married (first), December 17, 1800. Ke- 
ziah, born in 1776, died February 6, 1804, 
daughter of Simon and Anne Willard ; Simon 
Willard was son of Simon, son of John, son 
of Simon Willard, of Kent, England, born 
1605. He married (second) Rhoda Willard, 
sister of Keziah, born 1782, died January 13, 
1S13. He married (third) Mrs. Zady ( Prin- 
dle ) Tobey, born April 5, 1777. died February 
5, 1864. Children born in .^Iford by first 
wife: Ebenezer, mentioned below; Keziah, 
born February 6, 1803. Children of second 
wife, born in Alford and (Jreat Barrington: 
.\bby, -August 20, 1805 ; .Amanda, November 
4, 1806; William, July 21, 1808, died January 
15, 1884: Martha, June 30, 1810; John Wil- 
lard, October i, 1812, died February 16, 1813. 
Children by third wife, born in Great Barring- 
ton : John, .\ugust 2, 1814; Harriet, July 24, 
1817: Seth Griswold. December 14, 1819, died 
October 26, 191 1. 

(VII) Ebenezer (2), son of Captain Eben- 
ezer ( I ) Pope, was born in Alford, Massa- 
chusetts, October 22, 1801, died in Union 
township. New Jersey, December 12, 1878. He 
was a farmer and a blacksmith. In 1809 he 
went with his father to Great Barrington, and 
in 1827 to \'erona. New York. In 183 1 he re- 
turned to West Stockbridge, and afterward 
lived in Great Barrington until 1867, when he 
moved to Union township with his sons, and 
lived there the remainder of his life. He mar- 
ried, at Great Barrington, January 27, 1840, 
Electa Leonard, born December 19, 1803, died 
in Elizabeth, New Jersey, February 27, 
1878, daughter of William and Mary 
(Leonard) Wainwright. Children, born in 
Great Barrington : Franklin Leonard, born 
December 2, 1840. died October 13, 1895; 
William, born and died November 2j. 1842: 
Ralph Wainwright. mentioned below : Henry 
William, November 2, 1848, at Elizabeth. 
New Jersey, married in Pittsfield, May 10, 
1870, i.ucy Delia Porter, born .April 23, 1851 ; 
children: Grace Electa, born June 11, 1871. 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



97 



William Henry, August 20, 1873, Irving 
Wainwright, September 29, 1875, Florence L., 
June 8, 1892. 

(VIII) Ralph Wainwright, son of Eben- 
ezer (2) Pope, was born in Union township, 
New Jersey, August 16, 1844. He received his 
early education in the public schools at Great 
Barrington Academy and Amherst Academy 
in Massachusetts. He learned the art of 
telegraphy and became an operator in the em- 
ploy of the American Telegraph Company at 
Great Barrington, Alassachusetts, and Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, from 1861 to 1864. He 
studied the principles of electricity and elec- 
trical engineering, as then practiced in con- 
nection with telegraph business largely, and 
he must be numbered among the pioneers in 
electrical engineering. In 1858 he mastered 
the working of the Hughes printing telegraph. 
In 1861 he had charge of the Morse telegraph 
office at Great Barrington, and in 1862-63 he 
was in the employ of the American Telegraph 
Company in its New York, New Haven and 
Providence offices. In 1865 he was one of that 
band of telegraph pioneers who went into the 
forests of British Columbia to construct an 
overland telegraph system with Europe by 
way of Alaska and Siberia. In 1867 he was 
with the Bankers & Brokers Telegraph Com- 
pany, remaining until 1872, when he became 
an inspector of the Gold & Stock Telegraph 
Company. He was promoted to the office of 
deputy superintendent of this company in 
1880, when the apparatus then used by that 
company was at that date probably the high- 
est development of electro-mechanical art. 
While with the Bankers & Brokers Company 
in 1867 he was also assistant editor of The 
Telegrapher. In 1882 he became manager of 
the Union Electric Manufacturing Company 
of New York. In 1884 he was associate ed- 
itor of The Electrician and Electrical En- 
gineer. In 1885 he was elected secretary of 
the American Institute of Electrical Engin- 
eers, organized the preceding year, and he 
continued in this office until he resigned and 
retired August i, 191 1. 

In i8qo Mr. Pope founded the monthly 
journal, Electric Power, and in 1891 he became 
editor for electrical terms in the Standard 
Dictionary. In 1893, under direction of the 
council, his quarters as secretary were estab- 
lished in the rooms of the American Institute 
of Electrical Engineers in the Electrical 
Building of the Columbian Exposition, and he 
was appointed on the committee of judges for 
the Department of Electricity. While at the 
Exposition at Chicago he personally met more 
than two-thirds of all the members of the In- 



stitute, and ever since then lie has kept up a 
large personal acquaintance among the mem- 
bers of the American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers. Mr. Pope had visited a majority 
of the sections of the Institute and many of 
the branches, and made a study of their re- 
(|uirements and growth. I'pon his retirement 
from the office of secretary, the Institute, be- 
ing unwilling to lose his services entirely, made 
him honorary secretary with the duty of or- 
ganizing and visiting the various sections and 
branches, a task for which his knowledge of 
the members, of electrical science and of the 
Institute itself, pre-eminently qualified him. 
At the time of his retirement, a committee on 
resolutions, consisting of John J. Carty, 
George A. Hamilton and David B. Rushmore, 
made a report, from which we quote the fol- 
lowing: 

For more than twenty-six years, Mr. Ralph 
Wainwright Pope has faithfully and loyally served 
the American Institute of Electrical Engineers as 
Secretary and for the twenty-seventh consecutive 
year he has again been elected to the office of sec- 
retary. The Board of Directors and the member- 
ship at large are of the opinion that by his continu- 
ous and honorable service he has attained such a 
position in the regard and affections of the mem- 
bers of the Institute that he is entitled to some 
relief from the active e.xecutive duties 01 his ardu- 
ous position. Therefore, to carry out his own ex- 
pressed wishes, his resignation as secretary has 
been accepted. In accepting his resignation, the 
board of directors, in order to give expression to 
their own feeling of gratitude as well as the feeling 
of the membership at large, and in order to reward 
such long and distinguished service, has appointed 
him to the position of Honorary Secretary, in 
which capacity the Institute may still have the 
benefit of his long experience in its afifairs. 

In thus complying with the natural and just desire 
of Mr. Pope, the board of directors iTas thought it 
well to mark this change by this minute, expressing 
its good will and appreciation, and by pointing out 
that the term of Mr. Pope's service in the Institute 
covers many of the most important developments 
in electrical engineering, and that this period has 
witnessed the growth of the Institute from the 
humblest beginning to its present flourishing con- 
dition. 

Mr. Pope is a member of the Engineers' 
Club, the New York Electrical Society, asso- 
ciate of the American Institute of Electrical 
Engineers, honorary member of the Franklin 
Institute, and of the Association of Railway 
Telegraph Superintendents. In politics he is 
an Independent Democrat, and in religion a 
Protestant Episcopalian. 

He married (first) Alice E. Judson. born 
September 4. 1849. died October 27. 1880, 
daughter of Azariah and Ellen Judson. He 
married (second), February 6, 1884. Ruth E. 
Whiting, born 1846. died 1901, daughter of 
Gideon M. and Louisa Whiting, of Great Bar- 



1—7 



98 



NEW ENGLAND. 



rington, Massachusetts. He married (third), 
October i, 1902, Katherine A. (Cain) Durant, 
formerly of Clyde, New York. Children, all 
by first wife: i. Ellen Lowrey, born at Eliza- 
beth, New Jersey, May 26, 1870; married 
Horace Russ Wemple. 2. Frank judson, born 
at Elizabeth, July 27, 1873; married Mary E. 
Russell, of Great Barrington. 3. Gertrude 
Castle, born in Elizabeth, September 24, 1876, 
died February i, 1890. 



, William Johnson, the immi- 
JOHNSON grant ancestor, was born in 
Kent, England, according to 
tradition, and was an early settler of Charles- 
town. Massachusetts. He was admitted a free- 
man March 4, 1634-35, and was with his wife 
Elizabeth received into the Charlestown 
church February 13, 1634-35. He was a 
planter. He made a deposition, now on file, 
December 29, 1657, stating his age as fifty-four 
years, from which we learn that he was born 
in 1603. In early family records it is stated 
that "he was a Puritan of good parts and edu- 
cation, and brought with him from England a 
wife and child and means." As early as 1638 
he was assessed for ten separate parcels of 
real estate in Charlestown. His homestead 
is described : "One dwelling house with gar- 
den plot and yard — half a rood of ground by 
estimation more or less — situate in the middle 
row, butting southwest upon the street path — 
northwest upon Bark Street bounded on the 
southeast by Rice Cole and on the northwest 
by Thomas Carter." He afterward appears 
to have possessed, for the time and place, a 
large estate, a part of which by deeds of gift or 
otherwise he distributed among his family and 
the remainder he bequeathed to them by will 
dated December 7, 1677. He died December 
9, 1677, his widow in 1685, leaving six sons 
and a daughter. John Johnson, of Haverhill, 
and Zechariah Johnson, of Charlestown, were 
appointed administrators of the estate of their 
father and mother, April 12, 1686, and the 
estate was divided April 13, 1686, between the 
administrators and their brothers Isaac, Jon- 
athan and Nathaniel. Children : John, black- 
smith, of Haverhill ; Ruhannah, baptized at 
Charlestown, February 21, 1634-35; Joseph, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth, baptized March 
17, 1639, married Edward Wyer; Jonathan, 
baptized August 14, 1641 ; James, baptized Au- 
gust 21, 1643: Nathaniel; Zechariah. aged 
thirty-three in 1679; Isaac, aged twenty-two 
in 1671. 

(II) Joseph, son of William Johnson, was 
born in Charlestown, and baptized there by 
Rev. Thomas James, February 12, 1636-37. 
He was one of the founders and proprietors 



of Haverhill, Massachusetts, whither he and 
his brother John removed from Charlestown. 
He held various town offices. He married 
(first), April 19, 1664, Mary Soatlie, who 
died March 22, 1664-65, (second), in 1666, 
Hannah, daughter of Ensign Thomas Tenney, 
of Rowley, England. He and his sons owned 
three hundred acres of excellent land, on 
which part of the city of Haverhill now stands. 
"These Johnsons," says a tradition, "were 
noted for having highly cultivated farms which 
were enclosed by stone walls, while those of 
their neighbors were fenced with logs." He 
and wife Hannah quitclaimed rights in his 
father's estate to brother Isaac in 1681. He 
died November 16, 17 14, leaving a widow and 
a large family of children. Children, born at 
Haverhill: Joseph, October 15, 1667; William, 
January 15, 1668; Thomas, mentioned below; 
Zechariah, April 16, 1672 ; John, November 9, 
1673; Hannah, June 10, 1675; Mary, June 4, 
1677; Jonathan, April 24, 1679; Elizabeth, 
February 28, 1680; Nathaniel, August 15, 
1683; Zechariah, xA.ugust 26, 1687. 

(III) Thomas, son of Joseph Johnson, was 
born in Haverhill, December 11, 1670. He 
was a town officer; one of the founders of the 
Haverhill North Parish church, of which he 
was elected deacon March 23, 1732, and of 
which his own family at its foundation consti- 
tuted a fifth of the membership. He married, 
May I, 1700, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of 
Cornelius and Martha (Clough) Page, grand- 
daughter of John Clough, of Salisbury, Massa- 
chusetts, who came from London in 1635 in 
the ship "Elizabeth." Johnson died February 
18, 1742, and his widow June 12, 1752. Chil- 
dren, born at Haverhill: Alehitable, February 
26, I7CX3-OI ; Cornelius, January 17, 1702-03; 
Thomas, January 6, 1704-05; Abigail, May 15, 
1707 ; Ruth, August 24, 1709 ; John, mentioned 
below; Jabez, April 24, 1716; Jeremiah, June 
30, 1717; Elizabeth, January 2, 1719-20. Two 
others. 

(IV) Hon. John Johnson, son of Deacon 
Thomas Johnson, was born at Haverhill, 
North Parish, November 15, 171 1, and was 
one of the founders and earliest settlers of 
Hampstead. New Hampshire, formerly part 
of Haverhill. He procured the charter for 
the town and was paid his expense by vote of 
the town May 30, 1750. He was chosen on 
the first board of selectmen. Soon afterward 
he was appointed by the royal governor, Ben- 
ning Wentworth, a magistrate, and he was one 
of the justices of the court of general ses- 
sions at Portsmouth for the Province of New 
Hampshire. 

He married (first), November 25, 1731, 
Sarah Haynes, who died September 20, 1750, 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



99 



daughter of Thomas and Hannah Haynes, of 
Haverhill, west parish. She was a sister of 
Joseph Haynes, of Haverhill, a deputy from 
that town to the First Provincial Congress at 
Salem, 1774, a delegate to the convention in 
Essex county at Ipswich, September 6-7, 1774, 
"to consider and determine on such measures 
as shall appear to be expedient for the country 
to adopt in the then alarming crisis." He mar- 
ried (second) Sarah Morse. He died April i, 
1762, leaving five surviving sons, all of whom 
adhered to the cause of the patriots during the 
revolution. Children of first wife, born at 
Haverhill: i. Jesse, October 20, 1732; a mem- 
ber of revolutionary committees, and the state 
legislature. 2. Sarah, July 9, 1734. 3. Miriam, 
March 22, 1736. 4. Colonel Caleb, February 
3, 1737-38; commanded a company in the rev- 
olution. 5. Moses, April 13, 1740; died young. 

6. Colonel Thomas, March 21, 1741-42; settled 
at Newbury, Vermont ; captain of a company 
in the revolution, distinguished himself at the 
taking of Ticonderoga and at the siege of 
Mount Independence in the autumn of 1777, 
when he was for a time an aide on the staff of 
General Lincoln ; captured in the spring of 
1781 by the British and taken to Canada, re- 
leased on parole October 5, 1781 ; afterward 
colonel of militia. 7. Ruth, February 3, 1743- 
44. 8. Elizabeth, March 6, 1744-45. Born at 
Hampstead: 9. Moses, October 11, 1748. 10. 
Haynes, mentioned below. Children of sec- 
ond wife, born at Hampstead: 11. Sarah, De- 
cember 29, 1751. 12. Ruth, April 23, 1754. 
13. Elizabeth, twin of Ruth. 14. Peter, June 

7, 1756; soldier in the revolution, wounded in 
the arm at battle of Bunker Hill ; soldier in 
the company of his brother. Captain Thomas 
at Ticonderoga, and pronounced by his 
brother "brave as a lion." 15. John, August 
18, 1757, died young. 16. Judith, April 4, 
1758. 17. John, February 9, 1760. 18. Tam- 
mie, July 6, 1761. 

(V) Haynes, son of Hon. John Johnson, 
was born at Hampstead, New Hampshire, Au- 
gust 28, 1749. At an early age he went from 
Hampstead with his elder brother Thomas as 
one of the first settlers in that part of the Con- 
necticut Valley known then as the "Coos" or 
"Cohass" country, which included the Ox-bow 
and other rich meadows in the present town of 
Haverhill, New Hampshire, and Newbury and 
I'radford, Vermont. These meadows were 
first discovered in the spring of 1752 by John 
Stark, afterwards the famous general in the 
revolution, who, captured by the Indians while 
hunting on Baker's river, in Rumney, New 
Hampshire, was taken through these meadows 
to the home of the St. Francis tribe of Indians 
in Canada. It was not until 1762, however, 



that a settlement was made there, and the 
town of Newbury was chartered in 1763. At 
the first town meeting of Newbury held at 
Plaistow, New Hampshire, June 13, 1763, 
Jesse Johnson, brother of Haynes, was elected 
town clerk, and another brother, Caleb, was 
elected constable. The town of Mooretown, 
subsequently Bradford, received its charter in 
1770, and at an annual town meeting, May i, 
1775. it was voted to raise a stock of ammuni- 
tion and Haynes Johnson and Benjamin Jen- 
kins were made "a committee to look out and 
procure a stock of powder, lead and flints." 
While actively engaged in his duties on this 
committee he was taken ill and died at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, September 2, 1775. 
He married Elizabeth Elliot. His young wife, 
who was with him when he died, was obliged 
to take her three young children, the youngest 
less than a month old, all on the same horse, 
and return to her father's home in Hampstead, 
a distance of more than thirty miles through a 
wilderness, mostly by a blazed trail. She after- 
wards returned to Newbury, Vermont, and 
married Remembrance Chamberlain, by whom 
she had a large family of children. It is a 
remarkable fact that for many years after her 
death nearly all of the large farms in the Con- 
necticut Valley between Newbury and Brad- 
ford were owned and occupied by her descend- 
ants. Children of Haynes and Elizabeth John- 
son : Jonathan, died January 19, 1812; Jesse, 
born March 27, 1772, died July 18, 1830; 
Haynes, mentioned below. 

(VI) Captain Haynes (2) Johnson, son of 
Haynes (i) Johnson, was born in Newbury, 
Vermont, August 13, 1775, and died Novem- 
ber I. 1863. He settled on a large farm on the 
Connecticut river, in the town of Bradford, 
Vermont. He was for a long time captain of 
the Bradford militia company, and was all his 
life prominent in town and military affairs. 
He married, April 8, 1802, Jane, daughter of 
Captain Ezekiel Sawyer, then of Bradford, 
formerly of Rowley, Massachusetts, where he 
had served his country in the revolution as an 
officer in the army. His wife died May 21, 
1869, aged eighty-seven years. He built a 
large mansion on the homestead. He and his 
wife were members of the Congregational 
church of Bradford. Children, born at Brad- 
ford : Ezekiel, September 26, 1803, married, 
February 27, 1827, Nancy Rogers, of New- 
bury; Mary, twin of Ezekiel; Eliza, February 
18, 1808, married Earle Paine; Haynes C, 
April 4, 181 1, married Harriet Willard, and 
had part of his father's homestead; Hannah, 
October 10, 1813, married William Peters; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; Jane Ann. Febru- 
ary 22, 1819, married Dan W. Shaw ; Clarissa 



lOO 



NEW ENGLAND. 



P., July i8, 1825, married John Richardson; 

Edmund Elliot, November 27, 1827, had part 
of his father's homestead. 

(VII) Thomas, son of Captain Haynes (2) 
Johnson, was born at Bradford, Vermont, De- 
cember 13, 1816. He attended the public 
schools of his native town, and when a young 
man left home to work in Boston and Charles- 
town, Massachusetts. In 1856 he purchased 
and settled on the large river farm in Brad- 
ford, Vermont, adjoining the place on which 
he was born, and there spent the rest of his 
life. He died March 6, 1894. The farm is 
beautifully located near Rowell's Ledge, and 
was formerly known as the Rowell place. The 
local newspaper, at the time of his death said : 
"Mr. Johnson was an upright man in all his 
dealings, and was one of the most respected 
and substantial citizens of Bradford. He was 
one of the best representatives of the old class 
of citizens who made Vermont what it is." He 
married, February 12, 1862, Harriet E., daugh- 
ter of Christopher and Emily (^Walker) Avery, 
of Corinth, Vermont, a descendant of Captain 
James and Joanna (Greenslade) Avery, who 
were among the first settlers of New London, 
Connecticut. Her maternal grandfather was 
a lieutenant in the revolution. Children of 
Thomas and Harriet E. Johnson: Frank Ver- 
ner, mentioned below ; Charles Forster, born 
August 6, 1865 ; Herbert Thomas, January 
27, 1872. 

(Vni) Frank Verner Johnson, son of 
Thomas Johnson, was born at Bradford, Ver- 
mont, March 12. 1863. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and the Bradford 
Academy, \'ermont, graduating in the class of 
1882. He then entered Dartmouth College 
and was graduated in the class of 1886 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 1889 he 
entered the Law School of Columbia College 
in New York City, and was admitted to the 
New York bar in May, 1891. For many years 
during the earlier period of his professional 
career he was the New York attorney of the 
Travelers' Insurance Company of Hartford, 
Connecticut, and devoted a large part of his 
time to the defense of negligence actions on 
behalf of policyholders in that company. He 
entered upon the general practice of law in 
New York, and has been especially successful 
in the field of trial attorney. He is a member 
of the New York Bar .\ssociation : the Asso- 
ciation of the Bar of the City of New York; 
the New York County Lawyers' Association ; 
the Manhattan Club of New York; the Dart- 
mouth College Club of New York ; the Found- 
ers' and Patriots' Society, and of several col- 
lege fraternities. He is a communicant of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. 



He married, April 19, 1893, Evelyn Webber, 
born August 29, 1866, daughter of Christopher 
and Julia (Cooper) Webber, of Rochester, 
\'ermont, granddaughter of Christopher Web- 
ber Sr., a lawyer of Vermont. Children, bom 
in New York City: Evelyn, April 29, 1894; 
Frances Virginia, July 3, 1895, died in August, 
1896. 



-^ Lieutenant William Clark, the im- 

CLARK migrant ancestor, came to New 
England in the ship "Mary and 
John," which sailed from Plymouth, England, 
March 20, 1633, and arrived at Nantasket, 
May 30, 1636. He settled at Dorchester, 
where he and his wife Sarah were members 
of the church in 1636, and where he was a 
proprietor. He was selectman in Dorchester, 
1660, and April 28, 1661. was dismissed from 
the church to join in forming a church at 
Northampton, whither he moved about 1669. 
He was lieutenant of the Train Band .of 
Northampton in August, 1661. He was allotted 
twelve acres of land which included part of 
the site of Smith College, and which remained 
in the family many generations. He put up a 
log house, which was burned in 1681 by a 
negro slave. He then built another which 
stood until 1826. "He was a leading citi- 
zen," frequently selectman, and fourteen years 
deputy to the general court. He was of Deer- 
field in 1673, and owned lot No. 38 in 1683. 
He returned to Northampton, where his wife 
Sarah died September 6, 1675, and he married 
(second) Sarah Cooper, widow of Thomas 
Cooper, who was killed by the Indians at 
Springfield in 1675. He died July 19, 1690, 
aged eighty-one, and his wife died May 8, 
1688. About 1880 a fine monument was 
erected by his descendants near his grave in 
Northampton. Children : Sarah, born June 
21, 1638. died young; Jonathan, born October 
I, 1639; Nathaniel, born January 27, 1642; 
Experience, born March 30. 1646; Rebecca, 
born about 1649; John, mentioned below; 
Samuel, baptized October 25, 1653 ; William, 
born Jujy 3, 1656; Sarah, born March 9, 1659; 
perEaps, Increase, born March i, 1645. 
''"(II) John, son of Lieutenant William Clark, 
was born in 165 1, died at Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, on his way home from Boston, from 
"fatigue and cold taken in a snow storm, Sep- 
tember 3, 1704." He inherited the southerly 
si.x acres of the homestead. His house stood 
just beyond that of the president of Smith 
College in Northampton. He was prominent 
in church and town affairs, and was four years 
deputy to the general court. His sons, six in 
number, each married and outlived their wives. 
Each of his five married daughters also out- 




Xffwis BiSto-'iC'.l pill L_ 



ifiT-v^r i« / 




NEW ENGLAND. 



lOI 



lived their husbands, and all the children lived 
to be over eighty years of age, all living when 
the youngest was seventy years old. He mar- 
ried (first) July 12, 1677, Rebecca Cooper, of 
Springfield, who died May 8, 1678. He mar- 
ried (second) March 20, 1679, Mary Strong, 
who died December 3, 1738, aged eighty- fourj 
daughter of John and Abigail (Ford) Strong. 
Children : Sarah, born April 20, 1678 ; John, 
born December 28, 1679; Nathaniel, born May 
13, 168 1 ; Ebenezer, born October 18, 1682; 
Increase, mentioned below ; Mary, born Octo- 
ber 27, 1685 ; Rebecca, born November 24, 
1687; Experience, born October 30, 1689; Abi- 
gail, born March, 1692; Noah, born March 
28, 1694; Thankful, born February 13, 1696; 
Josiah, born June 11, 1697. 

(III) Increase, son of John Clark, was born 
April 8, 1684, at Northampton, Massachusetts, 
in the homestead on Elm street, where at last 
accounts descendants were still living. The 
initials "I. C." in a prominent place in one of 
the rooms, before the house was repaired in 
later years, were probably those of Increase 
Clark. In 1735 and 1739 he was selectman 
of Northampton and held other offices. He 
lived on the homestead sixty-five years and 
died there in 1775. He married at the age of 
twenty-six, in 1710, Mary, daughter of Isaac 
Sheldon, whose home lot was the sixth on Elm 
street proceeding north from King street. 
Among his children were : Deacon Simeon, 
who settled in Amherst and had a numerous 
posterity; Elijah, mentioned below. 

(IV) Deacon Elijah Clark, son of Increase 
Clark, was born, lived and died on the Elm 
street homestead. He was born in 1730, died 
in 1791. He was honored by various town 
offices. He was chosen deacon of the church 
in 1785, at the age of fifty-four, and served the 
remainder of his life. During the revolution 
he served on the town committee of fifteen and 
his services entitled his descendants to member- 
ship in the Sons and Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution. Three of his sons were also 
deacons, two in the same church. Of his chil- 
dren, Eli, the second son, moved to Marcellus, 
now Skaneate'ics, New York, in 1801, and was 
one of the pioneers of that section, journeying 
thither by ox-cart through the wilderness. 
E.xperience, the only daughter, married Justin 
S. Smith, had eleven children, and lived on her 
father's homestead for many years. Luther, 
mentioned below. Calvin, born 1770. 

(V) Deacon Luther Clark, son of Deacon 
Elijah Clark, was born in 1767, in the old Jud- 
son Smith house in Northampton, died Octo- 
ber 17, 1855, aged eighty-eight years. In 1812 
he bought the homestead on Mill river. He 
took part in Shay's rebellion. He held town 



offices fifty years, and was deacon of the 
church. He married Polly White. He left 
four living sons. 

(VI) Bohan, son of Deacon Luther Clark, 
married and among his children was Luther 
Clapp, mentioned below. 

(VII) Luther Clapp, son of liohan Clark, 
was born in Northampton, July 4, 181 5. He was 
educated in the public schools of Northampton, 
Massachusetts. For many years he was a 
banker at St. Louis, Missouri. He married 
Julia Crawford, born October 2. 1823, daugh- 
ter of David Crawford, of Putney, Vermont. 
Her father was brigade major on the staff of 
General Winfield Scott, United States army, 
during the war of 1812. David Crawford 
married Nancy Campbell, who was born in 
Vermont. Children of Luther C. Clark : George 
Crawford, mentioned below; Ellen White, de- 
ceased ; Arthur Campbell ; Louis Crawford ; 
Julia Goodman, married Samuel P. Blagden ; 
David Crawford. 

(VIII) George Crawford, son of Luther 
Clapp Clark, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
Augiist 3, 1845. He attended private and 
public schools in New York City and was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
from the College of the City of N'ew York in 
the class of 1863. Since that time he has been 
in the banking business in New York City. 
He is the senior partner of the firm of Clark, 
Dodge & Company, bankers and brokers, 51 
Wall street. His father was also a banker in 
New York, and his son, George C. Clark Jr., 
is a member of the firm of Clark, Dodge & 
Company, the third generation to follow this 
business in New York City. He is a director 
of the Northern Securities Company ; the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company : 
the City Investing Company; the Norfolk & 
Southern Railway Company ; the Atlantic 
Mutual Insurance Company, and of the Sea- 
mens Bank for Savings of New York. He 
is treasurer and director of the Brearley School 
(Limited) and of the General Memorial Hos- 
pital ; member of the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art, New England Society of New York, 
American Museum of Natural History, L'nion 
Club, Century Club, Racquet and Tennis Club, 
University Club, Down-town Club. Riding 
Club, New York Yacht Club. His home is at 
1027 Fifth avenue. New York City. 

He married, November 4, 1875, Harriet Sey- 
mour, born .August 18, 1853, daughter of 
James G. and Charlotte (Seymour) .Averell. 
of Ogdensburg, New York. Children: i. 
George Crawford, born February 8, 1878; 
married Gertrude Sard, of .-Mbany, New York, 
and they have two children : George Crawford. 
3d, and Caroline. 2. Edith Gilbert, married 



102 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Reginald Fincke ; children : Reginald Jr. and 
Nancy Gilbert. 3. Marian Averell. 4. James 
Averell, born 1894. 



The name Highet seems to have 
HIGHET originated in the neighborhood 

Ayr, Scotland, where members 
of the family have been prominent and influ- 
ential, acting well their part in all the walks 
of life, proving themselves of the highest type 
of manhood by their useful lives in the com- 
munities in which they resided. 

(I) John Highet, the progenitor of the line 
here under consideration, is a native of Ayr, 
Scotland, born May 17, 1737. His entire life 
was spent in his native land, and he was noted 
for integrity and uprightness of character. He 
married Jane McGregor and among their chil- 
dren was John, mentioned below. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) and Jane 
(McGregor) Highet, was born at Ayr, Scot- 
land, May 20. 1782, died in June, 1833, in New 
York City. He was reared, educated and mar- 
ried in his native land, from whence he emi- 
grated to the United States in 1819, locating 
in Baltimore, Maryland, his purpose in coming 
to this country being to erect a carpet mill, 
which was the first of its kind, he being a 
skillful mechanic or machinist. After a resi- 
dence of eighteen months in Baltimore, he 
removed to Xew York City and there spent 
the remainder of his days. He was interested 
in the welfare of the cities in which he made 
his home, and was honored and respected by 
his neighbors. He married, at Ayr, Scotland, 
December 7, 1819, Janet Thomson Wilson. 
Children, all born in the United States : Mary, 
died young; John, drowned in early life ; Mary 
Jane, married James B. Burgess ; William Wil- 
son, mentioned below ; Margaret Primrose, 
married Charles Stevens ; Robert Bennett, mar- 
ried Mary Hill. Of these children only two 
are living at the present time (1912) William 
Wilson and Robert Bennett. 

(HI) William Wilson, son of John (2) and 
Janet Thomson (Wilson) Highet, was born 
in Xew York City, March 29, 1829. He ob- 
tained a practical education in the public 
schools, and his active career has been devoted 
to carriage manufacturing. He has resided in 
New York City and Poughkeepsie. Through- 
out his life he has been public-spirited and 
enterprising, ever forward in advancing the 
interests of the localities in which he has 
resided. He married, March 29, 1853, Ellen 
Adams, born in June, 1830, daughter of Galen 
Thompson and Alary Ellen (Fletcher) Porter, 
the latter of whom was a daughter of Elisha 
Fletcher (see Porter VII). Children: Carita, 
married Joseph LeRoy Porter; Ella, married 



Raymond L. Donnell; Frank Brewster, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Frank Brewster, son of William Wil- 
son and Ellen Adams (Porter) Highet, was 
born in Poughkeepsie, New York, February 
10, 1858. He attended the public schools of 
New York City, thereby preparing himself for 
an active and useful life. He is now serving 
in the capacity of secretary and treasurer of 
Gardner, Highet & Company, of New York, 
manufacturers of feather stitch, cotton braid 
and fancy narrow fabrics. He is a communi- 
cant of the Protestant Episcopal church, and 
in politics is an adherent of the Republican 
party. He is a member of the New York 
Society of the Sons of the Revolution, New 
York Historical Society, Metropolitan Museum 
of .\rt. New England Society of New York, 
Ardsley Club and the Greenwich Country Club. 
His home is in Greenwich, Connecticut. 

Mr. Highet married, April 16, 1885, Isabella 
Boudinot Servoss, born in New York City, 
daughter of Elias Boudinot Servoss, and a 
descendant of Elias Boudinot, president of the 
continental congress when peace was declared. 

(The Porter Line). 

(I) Richard Porter, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England and sailed for this coun- 
try from Weymouth, England, March 30, 1635. 
With others in the same company he settled 
in Weymouth, Massachusetts. His home was 
not far from the site of the meeting house in 
the north parish. In 1661 he was on a com- 
mittee to repair the meeting house. He mar- 
ried Ruth . Children : John, mentioned 

below; Ruth, born October 3, 1639; Thomas, 
married Sarah Viniv; Mary, married John 
Bicknell. Richard Porter died in 1689. His 
will was dated December 25, 1688, and proved 
March 6, 1689. 

(II) Sergeant John Porter, son of Richard 
Porter, lived in Weymouth and was one of its 
leading citizens, having many grants and buy- 
ing much land. In 1693 he built the first saw 
mill in what is now South Abington at "Little 
Comfort." In 1696 he sold half of his mill to 
Joseph Josselyn. He held various town offices 
and served on committees to fix town bound- 
aries. He married. February 9, 1660, De- 
liverance, daughter of Nicholas and Martha 
(Shaw) Byram. Children: Mary born Octo- 
ber 12, 1663; Susanna, June 2, 1665; John, 
July 2, 1667; Samuel, mentioned below; Nich- 
olas; Ruth, September 18, 1676; Thomas; 
Ebenezer ; Sarah. Sergeant Porter died at 
Weymouth, August 7, 1717; his widcw SepK 
tember 30, 1720. His will was dated Febru- 
ary 8, 1715-16. 

(III) Samuel, son of Sergeant John Porter, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



103 



was born about 1670. He was a town officer 
of Weymouth in 1705. About this time he 
removed to Abington, where he was school- 
master in 1712, and by trade a shoemaker. He 
wa^ selectman in Abington, 1714, and for three 
years afterward; assessor in 1716. We know 
he taught school there in 1724 and 1727. He 
was one of the original members of the Abing- 
ton church. He married Mary, daughter of 
Jacob and Abigail ( Dyer) Nash, of Weymouth, 
about 1698. Children, born at Weymouth, ex- 
cept the three younger who were born at Ab- 
ington : Samuel, mentioned below ; Mary, Oc- 
tober 5, 1701 ; David, 1702; Jacob, August 10, 
1704; Hannah, December 16, 1716; Abigail, 
June 23, 1719. Samuel Porter died at Abing- 
ton, August 31, 1725, and his will is dated 
August 24, 1725. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Por- 
ter, was born at Weymouth, May 14, 1699. 
He lived in Abington and Bridgewater. He 
married (first) July 2, 1722, Sarah, daughter 
of Joseph and Sarah (Ford) Josselyn, of Ab- 
ington. He married (second) May 31, 1764, 
Ruth Reed, widow, of Bridgewater. He and 

wife Sarah deeded land in Bridgewater, De- 
cember I, 1742, to his brother Jacob. Chil- 
dren: Sarah, born May 26, 1723; Mary, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1725; Samuel, October 12, 1727; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below; Ebenezer, Septem- 
ber 12, 1731; Mary, August 3, 1733; Adam, 
February 24, 1735 ; Hannah, February 18, 
1736; Betterus, September 23. 1737; Noah, 
May 13, 1740; Jonathan, August 27, 1741 ; De- 
liverance, July 19, 1742; Abigail, July 7, 1743; 
Tabitha, 1744; Sarah. 

(V) Lieutenant Joseph Porter, son of Sam- 
uel (2) Porter, was born February 27, 1730. 
He lived at Bridgewater and Stoughton, Mas- 
sachusetts. He bought a house in what is now 
West Bridgewater. April 9, 1765, and sold it 
April 2, 1777, removing then to Stoughton. 
He was a soldier in the revolution in Captain 
William Briggs' company. Colonel Joseph 
Read's regiment, from May to August, 1775, 
credited to Stoughton. He was also in Cap- 
tain Simeon Leach's company. Colonel Benja- 
min Gill's regiment, marching from Stoughton 
to Braintree in 1777, and was corporal in Cap- 
tain James Endicott's company in 1778. The 
genealogy states that he was a lieutenant in the 
time of the war. He married, January 25, 
1763, Elizabeth, born July 4, 1733, daughter of 
Samuel and Content (Whitcomb) Burriil. She 
was a teacher at Abington before marriage, a 
woman of remarkable beauty. Children, of 
whom the first seven are recorded at Bridge- 
water: Elizabeth, born November 8, 1753; 
Joseph, June 10, 1754; Hannah, July 21, 1758; 
Robert, March 30, 1762; Isaac, mentioned be- 



low; Content, February 5, 1767; Mehitable, 
April 15, 1769; Lebbeus, April 22, 1771 ; Cyrus, 
1774. Lieutenant Porter died January 15, 
1803; his widow died March 26, 1822, aged 
eighty. His will was dated February 16, 1802. 
(VI) Isaac, son of Lieutenant Joseph Por- 
ter, was born February 23, 1765, at Bridge- 
water. He was admitted to the North Bridge- 
water Church in 1780. He resided in Bridge- 
water and Middleborough ; was surveyor of 
highways in Bridgewater in 1797. He mar- 
ried Susannah, born December, 1763, died Oc- 
tober 29, 1841, daughter of Reuben and Anna 
(Perkins) Packard, of Bridgewater. Chil- 
dren, of whom the first five were born in 
Middleborough and the others in Bridgewater: 
Susanna, born April 17, 1788, married Galen 
Thompson; Isaac, April 20, 1790; Sybil, April 
13, 1792; Rhodolphus, January 25, 1794; Sam- 
uel, May 12, 1796; Reuben, March 23, 1798; 
Martin, July 21, 1800; Ira, April 5, 1803; 
Anna, April 20, 1805; Galen Thompson, men- 
tioned below. 

(VII) Galen Thompson, son of Isaac Por- 
ter, was born in Bridgewater, November 5, 
1807. He was a real estate dealer in Harlem, 
New York City. He married, September 13, 
1829, Mary Ellen, daughter of Elisha and Abi- 
gail R. (Day) Fletcher (see Fletcher VII), of 
Lancaster, Massachusetts. Children: Ellen 
Adams, born June, 1830, married, March 29, 
1853, William W. Highet, of New York (see 
Highet III) ; John Holmes, February, 1832, 
married Louisa J. Ayers, and died June 5, 
1875: Emma, October, 1834, died December 
17, 1834; Mary Emma, March, 1837. married 
Marcellus E. Randall, September 8, 1854; 
Anna Perkins, November, 1839, married. 
March 30, 1862, Lewis W. Stetson, and died 
March 7, 1869 ; Galen Thompson, June, 1842, 
died at St. Thomas, West Indies, September 
15, 1866, purser in United States navy; David 
Fletcher, December, 1844, married. .August 13, 
1869, Fannie E. Leggett, of New York; Har- 
riet Augusta, September. 1847, married Elihu 
L. Tompkins, of White Plains, September 2-j, 
1865 ; Frank, died February 25, 1852. 

(The Fletcher Line). 

(I) Robert Fletcher, the immigrant, was 
born in England in 1592, died at Concord, 
April 3. 1677, aged eighty-five. His will was 
dated February 4, 1672. then "aged about four- 
score". The family tradition fixes his birth- 
place in yorkshire. He settled in Concord, 
Massachusetts, in 1630. and became well-to-do 
and prominent. He was appointed by the 
general court a constable for Concord, Novem- 
ber 2, 1637: was one of the founders of the 
town of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. He mar- 



104 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ried 



Children : Luke, born in 



England ; William, mentioned below ; Caro- 
line ; Francis, 1630; Samuel, 1632. 

(II) William, son of Robert Fletcher, was 
born in England in 1622, died November 6, 
1677. He came to Concord with his father. 
He was admitted to the church there, was 
made a freeman. May io, 1643; selectman, 
1655, of Chelmsford, the first town meeting 
being at his house. In 1673 he was appointed 
a commissioner or magistrate for Chelmsford. 
He owned the land on which the city of 
Lowell is located, and a part of the original lot 
near the meeting house in Chelmsford is still 
owned by his descendants and has been in the 
possession of the family two hundred years 
and more. He married, October 7, 1645, 
Lydia Bates, of Concord, who died October 
12, 1704. Children: Lydia, born January 30, 
1647; Joshua, mentioned below; Paul; Sarah: 
William, born at Chelmsford, February 21, 
1657; Mary. October 4, 1658: Esther, April 
12, 1662; Samuel, July 23, 1664. 

(III) Joshua, son of William Fletcher, was 
born at Concord, March 20, 1648, died No- 
vember 21, 171 3. He was admitted a free- 
man, March 11, 1689. He married (first) 
May 4, 1668. Grissel Jewell, who died in Janu- 
ary, 1681. He married (second) July 18, 1681, 
Sarah Willey. Child of first wife: Joshua, 
born about 1669. Children by second wife: 
Paul, 1682 ; Rachel, June 27, 1683 ; Timothy, 
October, 1685; John, May 7, 1687: Joseph, 
June 10, 1689; Sarah, January 21, 1690; Jon- 
athan: Jonas, 1694; Elizabeth, June 10, 1698. 

(IV) John, son of Joshua Fletcher, was 
born in Chelmsford, May 7, 1687. He mar- 
ried, in 1712, Hannah Phelps, of Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, where he settled and built a 
house on George's Hill, directly west of the 
present meeting house. The homestead re- 
mained in the family until 1868. His wife 
died April 10, 1737, aged fifty-one. Children, 
born in Lancaster: John, Timothy, Robert, 
Joshua, mentioned below; Lydia, Hannah, 
Ruth. 

(V) Joshua (2), son of John Fletcher, was 
born in Lancaster, December 26, 1724, died 
November 13, 1814. He was born and always 
lived on the homestead on George's Hill. At 
the time of the revolution he was on the com- 
mittee of safety and his service makes eligible 
his descendants to the Sons and Daughters of 
the American Revolution. Though more than 
fifty years old, he responded to the 'Lexington 
Alarm and joined the Lancaster company. He 
married, May 15, 1748, Mary, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Sarah Allen. She died July 25, 
181 3. aged eighty-six. Children, born at Lan- 
caster: Joshua, February 25, 1749; Timothy, 



September 20, 1750, a soldier in the revolu- 
tion: Phineas, May 29, 1753; Elisha, June i8, 
1755; John, October i, 1757; Mary, June] 
1760: Peter, September 5, 1762; Rufus, qjen- 
tioned below; x^nne, born September 29, 1767; 
Sophia, November 22, 1769; William, August 
9, 1772. 

(VI) Rufus, son of Joshua (2) Fletcher, 
was born at Lancaster, October 14, 1764. He 
lived on part of the homestead on George's- 
Hill and died there September 28, 1851, a 
humble and devoted Christian. He married, 
June 29, 1786. Mary Sawyer. Children: 
Elisha, mentioned below ; Sophia, October 18, 
1788; Artemas, October 10, 1790; Cynthia, 
January 31, 1792: Christopher, April 6, 1794; 
Rufus, June 9, 1795, died young; Rufus, 
March 30, 1797: Mary, December 25, 1799; 
Elijah. August 23, 1802, died young; Lewis, 
December 19, 1805. 

(VII) Elisha, son of Rufus Fletcher, was 
born September 4, 1787, at Lancaster. He 
was a mason by trade. He found employment 
in New York City and when about to move 
his family thither he was killed by the fall of 
a building, October 11, 1816. His widow died 
in 1865. He married Abigail R. Day in 1809. 
Children: Mary Ellen, born September 6, 1810, 
married, September 13, 1829, Galen Thompson 
Porter (see Porter VII) ; John Day, April 29, 
1813; Elisha Rufus, born in Gloucester, No- 
vember 16, 1816 ; David Boynton, twin of 
Elisha Rufus, married Sarah A. Smith. 



This family is of Welsh origin 
DAVIES and was first known under the 

name of Davies in 1581. when 
Robert ap David of Gwysany assumed it, and 
received confirmation of the family arms and 
grant of crest and motto. From the best in- 
formation that can be obtained, it appears that 
John Davies, the immigrant, was the only son 
of Thomas E>avies, fourth son of Robert 
Davies of Gwysany Castle in the parish of 
Mold, Flintshire, England. The family for 
years has ranked among the first of North 
Wales. They derived an unbroken descent 
from the famed Cymric Efell, Lord of Eylwys 
Eyle, who lived A. D. 1200, son of Madoc ap 
Meredith, Prince of Powys Fadoc, sixth in 
descent from Merwyn, King of Powys, third 
son of Rodic Maur. 

(1) John Davies, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, in Kingston parish in 
1680, and came to America in 1735 with his 
wife, Catherine Spenser. He settled in the 
western part of Litchfield county, Connecticut, 
and purchased one hundred and sixty acres of 
land from Thomas Lee for one hundred and 
fifty pounds, within the present town of Wash- 



i 



NEW ENGLAND. 



loS 



ington. Within fifteen years after his arrival 
he was owner of a large and valuable tract 
containing nearly a thousand acres of the best 
land in Litchfield county. In religion he was 
Episcopalian, being one of the founders of the 
Episcopal church at Litchfield. On April 4, 
1747, he conveyed to Mr. Samuel Cole, as trus- 
tee for the church, a tract of fifty-two acres 
of land in Litchfield, to be held for the use and 
benefit of the minister of the church. At his 
request the church was named St. Michael's, 
and the first service held April 23, 1749. In 
1747 Mr. Davies gave to his son a tract of four 
hundred and thirty acres, and in 1750 he gave 
to his grandsons, John, Thomas and William, 
one hundred and twenty acres of land. His 
wife died several years before he did, but the 
exact dates are unknown. He had only one 
child, John. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Davies, 
was born in England, in 171 1, died May 19, 
1797, aged eighty-six years. He was educated 
at the LTniversity of Oxford, and in 1734, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Brown, who died about 1739. 
He married (second) in England, 1744, Mary 
Powell, who died December 15, 1801, aged 
seventy-five years. He made two or more 
voyages to America before he finally settled 
here in 1747 on the land given him by his 
father. As a member of the Episcopal society 
in Litchfield he was influential. Like his 
father, he did not appear to have much interest 
in taking part in public affairs. During the 
French and Indian war. 1757, he purchased a 
large tract of land in Saratoga county. New 
York, and went there to take possession, but 
was kept from his purpose by hostile Indians, 
and returned to Connecticut in 1758. He and 
his family were Tories, and the property of 
his sons John and William was confiscated, 
and John was fined and imprisoned for a year 
in Litchfield jail for giving aid to the royal 
cause. His young son David narrowly escaped 
death for the same reason, but was pardoned 
on enlisting in the continental army during 
the war, it is written, although his name does 
not appear on the war rolls. After the sepa- 
ration of Birch Plains of "Davies Hollow" 
from the township, the family withdrew from 
the church and built one principally at their 
own expense near their homes. Children, by 
first wife, bom in England: John, mentioned 
below; Thomas, born January 2, 1737; Will- 
iam, born 1739, died in infancy. Children, by 
second wife, born in England: William, born 
January 29, 1744: Mary, March 17, 1745, died 
young; James, 1746, died in infancy; Walter, 
June 22, 1747. Born in America: Catherine, 
born July 20, 1751 ; Elizabeth, July 3, 1753; 
Ann, November 18, 1755 ; James John, Decem- 



ber 31, 1757; David, March 14, 1759; Rachel 
August 20, 1761; George, February 12, 1764; 
Thomas, May 30, 1766. 

(III) John (3), son of John (2) Davies, 
was born at Kingston, county of Hereford', 
England, June, 1735, and was brought to 
America by his father when young. In 1750 
his grandfather conveyed to him a tract of 
land, and in 1758 his father gave him sixty 
acres. During the revolution he was imprison- 
ed for aiding England's cause, as well as being 
deprived of his property. He was active in the 
organization of the Church of St. John, found- 
ed by his father. In 1793 or 1794 he opened a 
store in the town of Washington, in partner- 
ship with his son Thomas John. They also 
purchased cattle in the country which they 
sold in New York. This enterprise was suc- 
cessful until the summer of 1798, when there 
was an epidemic of yellow fever in New York, 
and the cattle drove sent there was an entire 
loss to him. This last blow seems to have dis- 
couraged him, and he died April 18, 1799, 
aged sixty-four. He married, in 1763, Eunice 
Hotchkiss, of New Haven, who died March 
29, 1824, aged seventy-nine. Children: Eliza- 
beth, Thomas John, Eunice, Esther, all born 
before 1774. 

( IV) Thomas John, son of John (3) Davies, 
was born at Davies Hollow, November, 1767. 
He lived near his father. As the rest of the 
family had been, he was an Episcopalian, and 
in August, 1796, he was elected chorister. In 
1798 he met with reverses in business and 
determined to start again on the shore of Black 
Lake, St. Lawrence county. New York. In 
1800 he removed his family there and made a 
home in the wilderness. Soon many families 
were settled near, and Mr. Davies always had 
a leading part in the community. In politics 
he was a Democrat and for ten years held the 
office of sheriflF of St. Lawrence county, and 
served for several years as county judge. Two 
sons, Charles and Thomas, he sent to the 
L'nited States Military Academy at West 
Point. He died April 18, 1845, aged seventy- 
eight, and was buried on his own grounds at 
Black Lake. He married, December 29, 1792, 
Ruth Foote, daughter of Captain John Foote, 
of Watertown, Connecticut, who died Septem- 
ber 21, 1852. Children: Belvidere. wife of 
George Ranney; John Foote. Charles. Henry 
E., mentioned below; Thomas Alfred, and 
Eunice Ruth. 

(V) Henry Ebenezer, son of Thomas John 
Davies, was born at Black Lake. February 8, 
1805. At the age of fourteen he entered the 
family of the late Judge Alfred Conkling, at 
Canandaigua, to prepare for the profession of 
the law. On becoming of age he was admitted 



io6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



to the bar in Albany county, April, 1826. He 
began his professional career in Buffalo, then 
a small village on the western frontier. His 
first important case was between the owners 
of uplands who wished to extend warehouses 
into the river and shut off ancient rights of 
way and by the aid of old residents, including 
the Seneca Chief, Red Jacket, establishing the 
fact that the right of way had existed from 
time immemorial, Mr. Davies won his case and 
his victory resulted in his election in the fol- 
lowing year as city attorney. In the winter of 
1829-30 he removed to New York City and 
soon after formed a partnership with his uncle, 
Samuel A. Foote, and the firm continued until 
1848, when Mr. Foote retired. Among the 
clients of the firm were various large corpora- 
tions, including the Erie Railroad Company. 
Mr. Davies next entered into partnership with 
Hon. William Kent, and the firm lasted until 
1853. His next partner was Henry J. Scudder, 
son-in-law of Prof. Charles Davies. When 
Mr. Davies was elected ajusticejof the supreme 
court in 1855, James C. Carter, who had been 
a clerk of the firm, was admitted to partner- 
ship and the firm became Scudder & Carter. 

Mr. Davies was always a Whig in politics 
and was an able public speaker and cam- 
paigner. In 1840 he was elected assistant ald- 
erman of the City of New York from the Fif- 
teenth Ward and in 1842 was chosen an alder- 
man. At this time, he was chairman of the 
committee in charge of celebrating the intro- 
duction of Croton water in the city. In 1850 
he was appointed corporation counsel and he 
held the office three years. One of the most 
important services he rendered in this office 
was in successfully defending Mayor Cor- 
nelius W. Lawrence in suits for damages 
caused by the blowing up of buildings to check 
a conflagration, upon order of the mayor. 
After he retired from this office he made, at 
the request of the common council, a compila- 
tion of the statutes relating to the city with its 
ancient and modern charters. In the summer 
of 1855, he accompanied abroad Millard Fill- 
more, former President of the United States, 
whose friendship he had formed in early life, 
continuing until his death. In the same year 
he was elected to the bench of the supreme 
court. During his term of office he presided 
at two celebrated murder trials, those of Can- 
cemi and Burdell, and in the general term con- 
curred in the decision that slaves brought into 
the state became free. In the fall of 1859 he 
was elected justice of the court of appeals for 
eight years, during the last two of which he 
was chief justice. He wrote the opinions of 
the court in many most important cases, such 
as that of Kortright vs. Cady (21 N. Y. 343), 



establishing the point that tender of the amount 
due on a mortgage destroys the lien thereof; 
People vs. The Canal Appraisers (33 N. Y. 
461), establishing the law relating to navigable 
streams; Dealfield vs. Parish (25 N. Y. 9), 
discussing the matter of testamentary capacity. 
Probably no opinion ever caused him more 
thought and study than that written in Metro- 
politan Bank vs. Van Dyck (27 N. Y. 400), 
sustaining the legal tender acts of the nation. 
He gave to the government unfaltering sup- 
port during the civil war, and his conviction 
that the constitution conferred extraordinary 
powers on the government in time of war 
found expression in his opinions, especially in 
the legal tender case. At the end of his term, 
he declined reelection and resumed his practice 
in partnership with Judge Noah Davis until 
the latter was reelected to the bench in 1872, 
and afterward with his son, Julien Tappan 
Davies. He was counsel for the Mutual Life 
Insurance Company and other large corpora- 
tions, but devoted himself mainly to chamber 
practice and to service as referee in important 
cases. The day before he was stricken with 
his last illness he sat for many hours as one 
of the commissioners to determine the feasi- 
bility of constructing the Broadway Arcade 
Railroad. He was a director of the Institution 
for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, 
and during the last year of his life its presi- 
dent. In 1870 he became dean of the Law 
School of the University of the City of New 
York and continued in this office as long as he 
lived. He received the honorary degree of 
LL. D. from the university and also from Am- 
herst College. 

"Judge Davies was conspicuous," wrote his 
son, Henry Eugene Davies, in the Davies gene- 
alogy, "during his long and busy life for ster- 
ling integrity and devotion to the interests com- 
mitted to his charge. His capacity for labor 
was prodigious and sustained by a constitu- 
tion of iron that gave him enormous powers 
of endurance. During the Cancemi trial, after 
five days spent until a late hour in presiding, 
at half-past seven on a Friday evening he com- 
menced to write his charge. He finished it as 
he was summoned to breakfast at eight o'clock 
the ne.xt morning, having labored all the night 
without intermission for sleep or refreshment. 
From this, and from other similar herculean 
labors, he never suffered any inconvenience 
or felt that he had sustained a strain, until 
some two years before his death, when age 
slowly claimed him as its own. Yet he retained 
great vigor until the day when he was fatally 
attacked, some two weeks only before his 
death. * * * In person he was strongly 
and heavily built, though of medium stature. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



107 



He possessed the powerful body with large 
organs and short limbs, characteristics of his 
Welsh ancestry. His head was large, with a 
brain fully developed, and a countenance full 
of benignity, though stern in such times as 
called for an exhibition of strength. He was 
genial in manner and friendly with all men. 
His sole pleasure was the professional one of 
whist. Temperate indeed, almost abstemious 
in his habits, simple in his tastes, earnest in 
his professional duties, the two leading motives 
of his life were devotion to duty and love of 
his family. True to the church of his ancestry, 
and following their lead, he gave to St. Luke's 
Church at Mattewan, in Dutchess county, the 
land upon which its edifice is erected. Under 
the shadow of its eaves he rests — wife, chil- ' 
dren and grandchildren reposing around hi^li. 
The memory of his pure, strong, loving spirit 
is the most precious heritage of his livi!;ig de- 
scendants." He died in the city of Ne^r York, 
December 17, 1881. / 

He married Rebecca Waldo Tapf)an, born in 
Boston, 1815, died February 24,/i884, daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah (Salisbury) Tappan. 
John Tappan was born July ^6, 1781, son of 
Benjamin (S), (Benjamin (,4), Samuel (3), 
Peter (2), Abraham (i) Tappan), married, 
September 30, 1805, Sarah, daughter of Sam- 
uel Salisbury, granddavighter of John, and 
great-granddaughter of'' Nicholas Salisbury. 
Elizabeth (Sewall), wir^e of Samuel Salisbury, 
was a daughter of Samuel (6), (Rev. Joseph 
(5), Samuel (4), /Henry (3), Henry (2), 
Henry (i),) SewalA. Elizabeth (Quincy) Sew- 
all, wife of Sami^el, was a daughter of Ed- 
mund and Elizabeth (Wendall) Quincy. Sarah 
(Salisbury) T^pan died August 28, 1839, 
after having eljeven children, and he married 
(second), September 22, 1841, Mrs. Hannah 
(Pomroy) Ed/wards. John Tappan was sent 
by the Unite/a States government to London 
as a delegate to the International Convention 
of Peace in I1843. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Davies: i. /General Henry Eugene, born in 
New York City, July 2, 1836; entered the ser- 
vice as capf ain in 1861 and rose to the rank 
of major-gfeneral in 1865, resigning January 
I, 1866; laxvyer in New York City; author of 
Davies' Gftnealogy ; public administrator 1866- 
69 in NeAv York City ; assistant district attor- 
ney 18701-73; died September 6, 1894; married, 
August ao, 1858, Julia Rich. 2. William Gil- 
bert, bo'tn March 21, 1842; a lawyer; married, 
Decemtfer 15, 1870, Lucy C, daughter of Hon. 
Ale.xanider H. Rice. 3. Julien Tappan, men- 
tioned (below. 4. Theodore, October 22, 1847: 
was in/ the diplomatic service; journalist; died 
MarcHi 15, 1875. 5. Francis Herbert. Septem- 
ber i£, 1849; married, April 27, 1876, Cornelia 



Scott, daughter of Henry S. Rokenbaugh ; 
died February 27, IQ06. 6. Helen, June 9, 
1851. 7. Lucy, March 7, 1853; married, April 
21, 1875, ^^- Samuel Swift, died February 

4, 1897- 

(VI) Julien Tappan Davies, son of Hon. 
Henry E. Davies, was born in New York City, 
September 25, 1845. He attended the schools 
of his native city and the private school of Dr. 
Reed at Walnut Hill, Geneva, New York. He 
entered Columbia College in 1862 and was 
graduated in the class of 1866. In the sum- 
mer of 1863, while a student in college, he 
joined the Twenty-second Regiment of New 
York State Militia, and took an active part in 
the Pennsylvania campaign of the Civil War, 
ending at the Battle of Gettysburg. On leav- 
ing college he devoted himself to the study of 
law in the office of Hon. Alexander W. Brad- 
ford. Under the will of Judge Bradford, Mr. 
Davies succeeded to part of his law practice, 
and soon afterward became associated with 
his father. Judge Davies, who retired from the 
bench of the Court of Appeals, January i, 
1868. With these fortunate connections he 
established an active and prosperous profes- 
sional career and gained a deservedly high 
reputation as one of the leading lawyers of 
New York City. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. • In religion a member of the Episcopal 
church. He has been for many years counsel 
for the elevated railways of New York; has 
been since 1881 a trustee of the Mutual Life 
Insurance Company of New York. His office 
is at 34 Nassau street, New York. He is now 
a partner in the firm of Davies, Auerbach, 
Cornell & Barry. 

He married, April 22, 1869, Alice, born Jan- 
uary 12, 1847, daughter of Hon. Henry H. 
Martin, a descendant of Captain John Mar- 
tin, of Woodbury, Connecticut. Children: 
Julien Townsend, bom February 20, 1870; 
Alice, died in 1885, aged fourteen ; Helen, died 
in 1877, aged five; Thomas Alfred, died in 
1877, aged four: Ethel, born March 19, 1876; 
Frederick Martin, bom September 12, 1877; 
Cornelia Sherman, born October 21, 1882. 



The surname Hubbard dates 
HUBBARD from the first use of family 
names in England, and was 
doubtless in earlier times a personal name. 
Some writers think it a modification of the 
Danish name Hubba, made famous by one of 
the sea kings who conquered part of England. 
Several forms of spelling survive, Hubbard 
and Hobart being the most prominent as sur- 
names, Hubert and Herbert as personal 
names. In old records some fifty different 
spellings have been found, and as late as the 



io8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



colonial period in America the variations are 
very numerous. The English family has al- 
ways been prominent, and many of the 
branches have ancient coats-of-arms. We find 
the records mentioning a John Hubbard, born 
about 1235, living in Rye, Norfolkshire, Eng- 
land, and from him a numerous posterity re- 
siding in that section of the country. 

(I) George Hubbard, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England in 1601, probably in the 
eastern or southeastern part. He settled in 
Hartford, Connecticut, before 1639. Another 
George Hubbard, who settled in Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, was doubtless a relative, but not 
his father. William and Thomas Hubbard, 
also of Hartford, were among the early settlers, 
and they seem also to be closely related. George 
Hubbard came with the first settlers overland 
from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was 
given six acres of land "by courtesy of the town, 
with privilege of wood & keeping cows on the 
common", and lived on a lot adjacent to land 
of James Ensign and George Graves on a 
road that ran parallel with the Connecticut 
river, from the south meadow to George 
Steele's place. In 1640, after his marriage, he 
was assigned a home lot and land on the east 
side of the Connecticut river. In 1649 he was 
fined ten pounds for exchanging a gun with 
an Indian, it being against the law to furnish 
arms or ammunition to the savages. He re- 
moved in March, 1650-51, with about fifteen 
other settlers and their families, to Mattabesit, 
later called Middletown, Connecticut. He was 
licensed as an Indian agent and trader as early 
as 1650. He was admitted a freeman in 1654. 
He owned much land on both sides of the 
river, living on what is now Main street. He, 
together with Thomas Wetmore and two 
others, gave land for the second meeting- 
house. He was the first sexton of the first 
meeting-house, and his son Joseph beat the 
drum to call the people to meeting or to warn 
them against hostile Indians. His will, dated 
May 22, u68i, states his age as eighty years. 
His inventory is dated May 13, 1685, and 
states that he died March 18, 1684. In 1640 
he married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and 
Elizabeth Watts; she died in 1702. Children: 
Mary, born at Hartford, January 16, 1641-42: 
Joseph, December 10, 1643; Daniel, mentioned 
below ; Samuel, May, 1648 : George, December 
15, 1650; Nathaniel, December 10, 1652: 
Richard, July, 1655; Elizabeth, January 15, 
1659. One record says that George Hubbard 
"was highly respected and of marked integ- 
rity and fairness." 

fll) Daniel, son of George Hubbard, was 
baptized at Hartford, December 7, 1645, ^"d 
died at Haddam, November 9, 1704. He set- 



tled in Haddam about 1700. He took part in 
the war of 1690. He married (first), Feb- 
ruary 24, 1669-70, Mary Clark, who died De- 
cember 24, 1673. He married (second) 
Sarah Cornwell, born at Middletown, Octo- 
ber, 1647, daughter of Sergeant William and 
Mary Cornwell. Child of first wife: Daniel 
mentioned below. Children of second wife: 
Margaret, born July 20, 1675, married John 
Ward; Mary, January 16, 1678; Jacob; Sarah, 
March 10, 1680; Mehitable, August 18, 1683; 
Mary, March 23, 1686. 

(III) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Hub- 
bard, was bom at Hartford, Connecticut, De- 
cember 16, 1673. He removed with his fam- 
ily to Haddam, where he owned considerable 
land, and was regarded as a well-to-do and 
prominent citizen. He married (first), De- 
cember 8, 1697, Susannah Bailey, of Haddam. 
In hiS will, which was proved January 14, 
1756, he bequeathes to his second wife, Bath- 
sheba Hubbard. Children: Mary; Daniel, born 
1 70 1, died March 11, 1765; Susannah, 1703, 

married ^ — Crampton ; Elizabeth, 1706, 

married Eben!?zer Munger; Hannah, 1708, 
married, June i\3, 1734, Elisha Cone; Martha, 
1710, married ABjraham Stone; Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Thomas, sJgn of Daniel (2) Hubbard, 
was born in 1714 at^Jaddam, Connecticut. He 
was an extensive Ian A owner and conducted a 
grist mill. He married\first) Elizabeth Snow. 
He married (second),\at Haddam, Sarah 
Walkley. Children, bomlat Haddam: Agnes, 
1736, married Lewis Smlith; Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Hannah, I7t4i. married John 
Brainerd ; Daniel. 1742, manr'^"^ Anna Wood- 
ruff. 

(V) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) Hub- 
bard, was born at Haddam, IConnecticut, in 
1738, died there June 6, 1803. \He was a sol- 
dier in the revolution, accordina to the gene- 
alogy. He was wealthy for his I day, owning 
considerable land and a grist mill. I He married, 
November 6, 1771, Sarah BoardiVian, born in 
1752, died at Haddam, 1829. Cwildren, born 
at Haddam: Zerviah. baptized October, 1772; 
Amasa, mentioned below ; Hann»h, baptized 
1777: Jemima, 1778; Jerusha, baptized June, 
1780; Daniel, baptized February, r.782 ; Sam- 
uel Boardman, baptized June, i784;\Damaris, 
baptized January, 1787, married {Jonathan 
Burr; Juliana, 1788, married Elish a Clark; 
Sarah and Elizabeth, twins, 1790; Mai'jia, 1793, 
married Herman Brainerd. ' 

(VI) Amasa, son of Thomas (2) mubbard, 
was baptized at Haddam, Connecticuft, Sep- 
tember, 1775. He married (first) El jzabeth 
Burr: married (second) Deborah C'oates; 
married (third) Hannah, daughter of ^David 



NEW ENGLAND. 



109 



Hubbard. Children, born at Haddam : Samuel, 
about i8a2, died young; Clarissa, 1805, mar- 
ried Joseph Arnold; Thomas, 1806; Dr. Sam- 
uel Thomas, mentioned below ; Rev. Jonathan, 
1810, graduate of Princeton University, re- 
sided at Granville, New York, married Mary 
Fish and had children, Jane, Frederick and 
Martha; Daniel, 1812, died in 1835; Alburn, 
1816, resided at Haddam, married (first) 
Cynthia Bonfoey and (second) Mary Smith 
and had children : Eleanor, Frank, Florence 
and Frederick. 

(VH) Dr. Samuel Thomas Hubbard, son 
of Amasa Hubbard, was born at Haddam. 
Connecticut, February 19, 1808. He was edu- 
cated at the Garfield grammar school, Midd'e- 
town, and Suffield Academy, Suffield, Con- 
necticut. He studied medicine with Amos S. 
Miller, of New York, graduating at the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons of the Uni- 
versity of the State of New York in i8.j§. He 
was a prominent physician of New Ycjrk City, 
and in addition to his private practice held the 
position of physician to the Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, consulting physician to tb/e New York 
Dispensary. He was a memb?;r of the >.Ted- 
ical Society of New York 0)unty, the Nev/ 
York Academy of Mediq^ne, the Medical 
Journal Association, the /Medico-Legal So- 
ciety, the Society for thfe Relief of Widows 
and Orphans of Medieval Men, and of the 
Physicians' Mutual Aid^ Association. He was 
president of the firstynamed society in 1866- 
67; vice-president oS'the second-named from 
1873 to 1876, corpesponding secretary from 
1853 to 1858, trus/ee from 1862 to 1873, and 
re-elected in 187&/ He also served as trustee 
of the College off Physicians and Surgeons of 
Columbia UniveTrsity, New York. Dr. Hub- 
bard married, ijn 1850, Mary Hearn Hustace, 
of New Yorly City, born 1826, daughter of 
Benjamin and/ Ann (Hearn) Hustace, of New 
York. Children : Walter Comstock, mentioned 
below; Emil-^, bom 1853; Samuel Thomas Jt., 
mentioned Celow ; William, born 1857, died 
in 1884. / 

(YHI) /Walter Comstock. son of Dr. Sam- 
uel Thoma/.s Hubbard, was born in New York 
City, JurJe 26, 185 1. He attended private 
schools adid the Mount Washington Collegiate 
Institute/ from which he was graduated in the 
class of/ 1865. After completing his studies 
he enga^^ed in the shipping and commission 
businessr in New York City and subsequently 
became I a cotton merchant. In partnership 
with hi;s brother, Samuel Thomas Hubbard, 
they erjtablished the firm of Hubbard Brothers 
vir Company, cotton merchants and brokers. 
New 'York City. He acted as president of the 
Gotten Exchange of New York City in 1905- 



06-07. He is a member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, the Union Club, the Union League 
Club, of New York, St. Nicholas Club of 
New York, New York Yacht Club, Seawan- 
haka Yacht Club, Larchmont Yacht Club. 
New England Society of New York and St. 
Nicholas Society, Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, and the Society of Colonial Wars. Mr. 
Hubbard married, in May, 1872, Helen In- 
galls, daughter of Alfred A. Valentine, of 
New York, wlo came thither from Rhode 
Island. Children: i. Dr. Ernest Valentine, 
graduate oi Columbia College and the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons ; a physician 
in New York City ; married Mary Cheatham, 
of Nashville, Tennessee. 2. Exlith Ingalls, 
married Duncan Sterling, of New York. 3. 
Ralph Hustace, graduate of Columbia Col- 
lege ; married Etta Fleming, of New York 
City. 

(VIII) Samuel Thomas Jr., son of Dr. 
Samuel Thomas Hubbard, was born in New 
York City, 1855. He completed his studies in 
private schools. He is a member of the firm 
of Hubbard Brothers & Company, cotton mer- 
chants and brokers, New York City. He is a 
member of the Cotton Exchange of New 
York City, serving as president of the same for 
two terms, and is also a member of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the New York Club and the 
New York Yacht Club. He married Eliza- 
beth A. Van Winkle, of New York City. Chil- 
dren : William Hustace, Samuel Thomas, 
Elizabeth and Margaret. 



Fairbairn is an ancient 
FAIRBAIRN Scotch surname meaning 
"fair child." The old coat- 
of- arms of the Scotch Fairbairns is described: 
Gules an eagle ; wings endorsed or, a bordure 
ermine. Crest : a griffin passant sable. Motto: 
Semper eidem (Always the same). The 
family is also found in England. Among the 
famous men of the family may be mentioned 
Andrew Martin Fairbairn, who was born in 
Scotland, November 4, 1838; D. D. University 
of Edinburgh, 1878; M. A. Oxford May 17, 
1887. He was a minister of the independent 
church at Bathgate, West Lothian in i860: at 
Aberdeen in 1872: became principal of Air- 
dale College, in 1884, and of Mansfield Col- 
lege, Oxford, in 1886: received the honorary 
degree of D. D. from Yale University in 1889; 
was Muir lecturer on philosophy and history 
of religion at Edinburgh University from 1878 
to 1883, and was chairman of the Congrega- 
tional Union of England and Wales in 1883. 
Children : John Shields, born at Bathgate, De- 
cember 21, 1868, graduate of Magdalen Col- 
lege, B. A. 1 89 1, with honors in physiology; 



no 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Andrew, born at Bathgate, October 1870, 
graduate of the Oxford High School and 
Wadham College, B. A. 1892. 

John Fairbairn was born in Nenthorn, Rox- 
burghshire, Scotland, in 1714; married Helen 
Anderson, of Cralny, and died at Galashiels in 
1796; children: Walter, died young; William, 
of Galashiels, died in 1805; Andrew, men- 
tioned below; Peter, secretary to Lord Sea- 
forth, died in 1823. 

Andrew Fairbairn, son of John Fairbairn, 
was born at Smailholme, Roxburghshire, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1758; married, December 12, 1783, 
Margaret Henderson, of Jedburgh, and died 
January 14, 1844. Children: Sir William, 
made baronet November 2, 1869, for eminent 
service as engineer and scientist; Thomas, 
drowned in 1812; Sir Peter, mayor of Leeds. 

(I) George Fairbairn, who was closely re- 
lated doubtless to the Roxburghshire family 
from which Sir William Fairbairn descended, 
was born at St. Boswell's parish, Roxburgh- 
shire, Scotland, in 1670, and died in his native 
place. He married Jenett Caile, born 1673, 
in the same parish. 

( H) William, son of George Fairbairn, was 
born in 1709 in St. Boswell's parish and died 
there in 1789; married Ann Cranston, born 
1700 and died in 1778 in Crasting parish, Rox- 
burghshire, daughter of Robert and Isabella 
Cranston. 

(HI) William (2),5onof William (i) Fair- 
bairn, was born at Cron ( ?) Flats, Bothwell 
parish, Roxburghshire, Scotland, July 13, 
1762, and died February 18, 1843. I" 1796 
he came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and 
engaged in business as a printer and book pub- 
lisher. He published an edition of Burns' 
poems in this country at the same time that 
they were published in England for the benefit 
of the poet's family. 

He married Mary Mott, who was born at 
Poughkeepsie, New York, December 23, 1776, 
and died in New York City, February i, 1840, 
a daughter of Henry Mott, born about 1746, 
and Elizabeth (Newcomb) Mott (see New- 
comb V). 

(IV) Robert Brinckerhoff, son of William 
(2) Fairbairn, was born at Greenwich Village, 
New York, May 27, 1818, and died January 
27, 1899, at Brooklyn, New York. He received 
a public school education and then took spe- 
cial training in the Mechanics' School, after 
which he entered a bookstore in Franklin 
Square, where for three years he received a 
useful and educational training, which he al- 
ways declared was of great value to him the 
rest of his life. In 1834 he entered Bristol 
College, Pennsylvania, ith the view of study- 
ing for the Episcopal ministry. When that 



institution ceased to exist he was transferred 
to Washington (now Trinity) College, at 
Hartford, Connecticut, from which he was 
graduated in 1840 with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts. He then studied at the General 
Theological Seminary in Chelsea Square, New 
York, from which he was graduated, and in 
1843 ^^'3S ordained deacon, immediately enter- 
ing on the rectorship of Christ Church, Troy, 
New York. After being very successful there 
and rescuing the church from debt, restoring 
a property worth $20,000 to the vestry, he 
went to Stillwater, on the upper Hudson, as 
rector of St. John's Church there, but not long 
after this he decided that he was more fitted 
naturally for a teacher, and he combined the 
duties of the ministry with that of teaching. 

In 1853 he became the principal of the Cat- 
>kin Academy, and for nearly ten years held 
that -office, resigning to accept a position as 
professor of mathematics in St. Stephen's 
College at Annandale-on-the-Hudson. This in- 
stitution hid been established as a training 
college for the ministry for only three years : 
the Rt. Rev. Horatio Potter was its foimder, 
but it very likelV w^s not started with definite 
views as to its puVpose, and the result w^s that 
it had not made asvnuch progress as it should, 
though under the dinection of able men. After 
one year there. Dr. \Fairbairn was appointed 
the warden, as the presiding officer was called, 
after Oxford fashion, v He seemed to have a 
definite idea of what the'VJnstitution was to do. 
His view was that it was a« undergraduate col- 
lege, in which the education and training of 
young men who intended \to study theology 
was to be conducted, and tniough he did not 
have adequate means to carry>.out his purpose, 
he was never discouraged. \v|'ith the help of 
several faithful professors heVmade the col- 
lege a power in the church, and\at the end of 
twenty-eight years could nami nearly two 
hundred men prominent in theA church who 
had received their preparation at\ his college. 
He is the author of several wcirks, among 
which are "The Child of Faith," "Qollege Ser- 
mons," "The Doctrine of Morality (in Its Re- 
lation to the Grace of the Gospel, "awd twenty- 
five pamphlets on educational and[ religious 
subjects. In 1864 the degree of Doctlpr of Di- 
vinity was given him by Trinity College, and 
also by St. Stephen's College in 1874. | He was 
one of the sixty persons on whom a I doctor's 
degree was conferred by Columbia Cd'Hege at 
its centennial anniversary in 1887. jHe also 
received the degree of Doctor of La\As from 
Delaware College in 1876. J 

He married Juliet Arnold, daughter o\f An- 
son and Sally (Gardner) Arnold (see Alrnold 
XXIII). She was born at Troy, June 3, I1822, 



/ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Ill 



and died in August, 1893, at Annandale, New 
York. 

(V) Dr. Henry .'\rnold Fairbairn, son of 
Robert Brinckerhoff Fairbairn, was born at 
Catskill, New York, May 5, 1855. He attend- 
ed the Annandale parisli schools and St. Ste- 
phen's College of Annandale, graduating with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1875. l" 
1878 he received the degree of Master of Arts 
f-om his alma mater, and in 1910 the honor- 
ary degree of Doctor of Letters. He received 
his medical education at the University of Vir- 
ginia, receiving the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 1878. In the same year he located iri 
Brooklyn, New York, where he has been j)rac- 
ticing to the present time (1912). For many 
years he has been among the foremost physi- 
cians of Brooklyn. Formerly he was a surgeon 
of much skill and reputation, but in later years 
he has devoted his practice chiefly to internal 
medicine. He has a very large practice and is 
popular not only among his patients, but 
among a large circle of friends and ac(]'.iaint- 
ances. He is a member of the Board of Re- 
gents of the Long Island College Hospital ; at- 
tending physician of St. John's Hospital of 
Brooklyn ; attending physician of the Brook- 
lyn Hospital; consulting physician of the Long 
Island State Hospital : consulting physician 
of the Long Island College! Hospital ; consult- 
mg physician of the Swedish Hospital ; con- 
sulting physician of the, Hebrew Orphan Hos- 
pital. He is a trustee' of St. Stephen's Col- 
lege of .A.nnandale. ''He is a director of the 
Home Trust Company of Brooklyn. In poli- 
tics he is a staunch Republican. He is a com- 
municant of the /Church of the Good Shep- 
herd ( Protestaqit Episcopal), and was for- 
merly a vestryrfian and for many years dele- 
gate to the Diocesan Councils. He is a mem- 
ber of the Un^r^on League Club of New York 
and the Autl^vors' Club of London ; the New 
York .Acaderr'iy of Medicine, the Kings County 
Medical Society, the New York State Medical 
Society, of which he is a member of the publi- 
cation comi4iittee ; the American Medical As- 
sociation, t'he Victoria Institute of London, 
England, r^nd the New England Society of 
New Yorl^. He published a biography of his 
father unoier the title of "The College War- 
den" (180(9), 'ind h^s written extensively for 
the medicfel journals on the subject of Internal 
Medicine,! and published many pamphlets on 
medical stibjects. 

He married, February 7, 1888, Alice Le- 
Fevre («ee LeFevre). Children: i. Robert 
LeFevre,j born January 2, 1889, educated at 
Brooklyi^ Polytechnic Institute ; Adelphi .Acad- 
emy, fro'm which he was graduated in 1905 ; 
Columbi^a College (A. B. 19 10) ; the School 



of Mmes of Columbia University, graduating 
in 1913; member of the Sigma Alpha Epsi- 
lon fraternity; secretary of the Civil Engin- 
eermg Society of Columbia. 2. Ruth, born 
December 16, 1889. 3- Russel Arnold, born 
January 3, 1891, graduate of Adelphi Acad- 
emy in 1909 and from Columbia University 
School of Mines, 1912; member of Sigma 
Alpha Epsilon fraternity. 4. Agnes Lathers, 
born July 30, 1892, student at Packer's School, 
class of 1912. 

(The Newcomb Line). 

Captain .Andrew Newcomb, the immigrant 
ancestor, came from the "west of England," 
according to tradition, perhaps from Devon- 
shire or Wales. He was very likelv among 
the earliest settlers of New England. The 
first mention of him was in 1663, in Boston, 
Massachusetts, when he married his second 
wife, Grace, widow of William Rix or Ricks. 
He was called a mariner or sea captain, and 
doubtless had always had this occupation. In 
the Charlestown records for February 28, 1666- 
67, mention is made of his taking horses on 
his ship for John Ely and Elikim Hutchin- 
son; on August 28, 1679, in the New York 
Colonial Manuscripts at Albany, Andrew New- 
comb is named as Master of the sloop "Ed- 
mund and Martha," then in New York and 
bound for Boston, probably from Virginia, a 
part of the lading being tobacco. Philip Fox- 
well deposed that Andrew Newcomb was in 
Saco river from Boston, October, 1684, and 
this is the last record of him until his will was 
proved two years later. His second wife, 
Grace, was born about 1620-25, ^'^'^ had by 
her first husband, William Ricks : Elisha, John, 
Thomas and Ezekiel, born in Boston between 
1645 and 1656. On February 14, 1672, agree- 
ment was made that Andrew Newcomb and 
Grace should occupy William Ricks' house 
during their lifetime: that John and Thomas 
Ricks should have the new house near the 
former, near the water-mill in Boston, each to 
have a half of the land, paying to Newcomb 
twenty pounds each. On April 13, 1681, he 
bought of Simon Lynde and Sarah, wife of 
Joseph Goodale, the administratrix of Thoma.5 
Ricks, the right to redeem an estate in Bos- 
ton mortgaged to Lynde by Thomas Ricks in 
1677. On April 14, 1681, he and his wife sold 
to John Ricks all right in the house near Mill 
Bridge, that had been owned by Thomas 
Ricks, deceased. His will was dated January 
31, 1682-83, and proved December 9, 1686. He 
doubtless died in November, i686, though. he 
may have died a year earlier at sea. .-Mthough 
his son Andrew was not mentioned in his 
will, manv facts show that he was doubtless 



112 



NEW ENGLAND. 



his son. Children of first wife : Andrew, men- 
tioned below ; Susannah, born between 1635 
and 1650. Child of second wife : Grace, born 
in Boston, October 20, 1664. 

(II) Lieutenant Andrew (2) Newcomb, 
son of Captain Andrew (i) Newcomb. was 
born about 1640, and was living in America 
as early as July, 1666, when he attended a 
meeting at the Isle of Shoals, near Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, of several merchants 
and men engaged in the fisheries, for the pur- 
pose of fixing the price of fish. The first 
record of land purchased by him was April 
20, 1669, at Alfred, York ccJunty, ^L'^ine, when 
he, of Kittery, York county, a fisherman, 
bought of Daniel Moore, of Portsmouth, 
blacksmith, a dwelling-house in Kittery and 
six acres adjoining the house at Emberrys 
(Emery) Point. The place is situated on the 
southeast side of the mouth of the Spinney 
Creek, bounded on the west by the Piscataqua 
river. Andrew Newcomb served as consta- 
ble, and in 1671 was living at the Shoals. In 
June, 1673, he was called before the county 
court at Dover, New Hampshire, to answer a 
complaint of Francis Small for withholding 
the "Hull of a fishing shallop of sd Smalls 
receiued of Thomas Trickle by virtue of sd 
Small's order", but finally the case was with- 
drawn as there was no cause of action. On 
July 19, 1673, a deed is recorded at Exeter, 
New Hampshire, in which he sold a house on 
Hog Island to Henry Platts. About 1675 he 
seems to have moved from the Shoals to Ed- 
gartown, Martha's Vineyard, Dukes county, 
Massachusetts, where he remained the rest of 
his life, dying between March 7, 1703-04, and 
October 22, 1708. He was one of the pro- 
prietors of Edgartown and had several shares 
in the divisions of land there, also making 
many purchases of land. He sold the land in 
1700 which is the famous camp-meeting 
ground on Martha's Vineyard. He served as 
juror at quarter court, September 26, 1677, at 
Edgartown, also December 28, 1680; was fore- 
man of the jury September, 1681, and foreman 
of the grand jury, March 7, 1703-04; in 1681 
was constable, and was chosen townsman May 
10, 1693, overseer, March 16, 1693-94; on 
April 13, 1691, was chosen lieutenant and was 
in command of the fortification that year. He 
very likely was a merchant for several years. 
He was well-to-do and a prominent man in 
Edgartown. The land on which the court-house 
now stands belonged to him. 

He married (first) Sarah . about 

1661, and she died about 1674. He married 
(second) in Edgartown, in 1676, .'\nna. daugh- 
ter of Captain Thomas and Anna (Baker) 
Hayes ; she was born about 1658, and died in 



the summer of 1731 or in September of that 
year, aged about seventy-three, having sur- 
vived her husband for many years. Her name 
is on the oldest list of church members which 
has been kept there, July 13, 1717, and also in 
the list of January 24, 1731. Children of first 
wife: Simeon, born about 1662; Andrew, 
about 1664 ; Simon, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
about 1668; Sarah, about 1670; Alary or 
Mercy, about 1672 ; Peter, about 1674. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Anna, 1677; Elizabeth, 
1681 ; Joseph, 1683; Emblem, about 1685 ; Ta- 
bitha. about 1688; Hannah, about 1694; Zer- 
viah, 1698-99; Mary, about 1700. 

(III) Simon, son of Lieutenant Andrew 
(2) Newcomb, was born about 1666, probably 
at Kittery, York county, Maine, or perhaps 
on one of the islands of the Shoals, near Kit- 
tery. His father moved to Edgartown when 
he was about eight years old, and here he lived 
until 1713, when he moved to Lebanon, New 
London county, Connecticut, where he remain- 
ed the rest of his life. The first time his name 
was on record was May 10, 1690, when he 
was named in the will of William Vinson, of 
Edgartown, to see that it was carried out. He 
owned several shares of land on the Island of 
Chappaquiddick, where he kept large num- 
bers of cattle and sheep. He also received 
several shares from 1695 on, in Edgartown, as 
a proprietor, and he bought much land at Po- 
hoggannut, near Job's Neck. He bought of 
his father the land called Job's Neck, or So- 
pataming. Other purchases and grants to him 
are also recorded, and there are records of the 
land sold by him, also. His first purchase in 
Lebanon was September 26, 171 1, when he 
bought of Israel and Mary Phelps, a farm of 
about 160 acres, on which he lived in Lebanon 
for nearly a third of a century, leaving it by 
will to his son Simon. He gave farms to his 
sons, and made several purchases in Lebanon. 
In 1 7 10 he was chosen field driver in Edgar- 
town, and was made freeman there; in 1714 
was surveyor of highways; grand juryman, 
1718; served on various committees and helped 
in settling town boundaries. His will was 
dater July 23, 1741. He died January 20, 
1744-45, aged seventy-nine. 

He married about 1687, Deborah , 

who died in Lebanon, June 17, 1756, aged 
ninety-one. Children : John, born about 1688- 
89; Thomas, mentioned below: Hezekiah, 
1693-94; Obadiah. 1695; Deborah, 1696-97; 
Sarah, about 1698: Benjamin, ab(^ut 1700; 
Elizabeth, 1701-02; Simon, about 1705. 

(IV) Thomas, son of Simon Newcomb, 
was born in Edgartown, in 1691-92", died in 
1761. About 1714 he settled in Lebanon, 
Connecticut, where he lived until 173O, moving 



NEW ENGLAND. 



"3 



then to Salisbury, Connecticut. He was a 
cordwainer, being also engaged to a large ex- 
tent in mercantile business until 1739, for over 
twenty years. His account book of 1735-1739 
is still preserved. In 1737 he gave Hannah 
Harsel pay for schooling his children. About 
twenty purchases of real estate are recorded 
in Lebanon, the first being September 29, 1718, 
on Chestnut Hill, now in the town of Colum- 
bia. The largest purchase was for 200 acres. 
On December 8, 1729, he was elected surveyor 
of highways, and between March 19, 1738-39, 
and October 11, of that year, moved to Salis- 
bury, where he was one of the original pro- 
prietors. He was moderator of the first town 
meeting, November 9, 1741, and first chosen 
selectman. In 1745 he united with the Salis- 
bury church by letter from the First Church of 
Lebanon; in 1746 moved to Crum Elbow Pre- 
cinct, or "Little Nine Partners," Dutchess 
county, New York, about ten miles east of 
Poughkeepsie, where he was one of the "Lit- 
tle Nine Partners" to a large tract granted by 
the government. He gave a farm to each of 
his sons. He lived in Charlotte Precinct, in 
the town of Pleasant Valley, and was buried 
in the Washington Hollow churchyard. 

He married (first) at Nantucket, Massachu- 
setts, December 28, 1712, Eunice, daughter of 
Dennis and Catharine (Innes) Manning, of 
Nantucket, born about 1685, died December 
7, 1715. He married (second), January 17, 
1720, Judith, daughter of Benjamin Wood- 
worth, of Lebanon. Children of second wife: 
Cyrenius, born April 16, 1721 ; Azariah, May 
18, 1722; Keziah, November 14, 1723; Zac- 
cheus, February 19, 1724-25; Adonijah, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1726; Thomas, mentioned below; Ju- 
dith, May 21, 1733; Simon, January 9, 1736; 
Deborah, June 21, 1738, died in Salisbury, 
June 24, 1739. 

(V) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Newcomb, was born November 11, 1730. In 
1739 he went with his father to Salisbury, 
and in 1746 to Dutchess county, New York. 
He lived at "Little Nine Partners," or North 
East Precinct, after his marriage. He married 
Bridget Gardner, of Rhode Island, and she 
married (second) Dr. Corkins ; they lived in 
Susquehanna, and when the fort was taken by 
the Indians they just escaped with their lives. 
Children : Elizabeth, married Henry Mott, of 
Poughkeepsie. their daughter Mary married 
William (2) Fairbairn (see Fairbairn III) ; Ju- 
dith, born September 23, 1759, married James 

Newcomb; Nancy, married Wilcox, of 

Ferrisburg, Vermont ; Gardner, "moved west," 
had a son who was a Baotist deacon. 



(The Arnold Line). 



The family of Arnold is very ancient, hav- 
ing its origin among the princes of Wale's. Ac- 
cording to a line recorded in the College of 
Arms, they trace from Ynir, King of Gwent- 
land, who flourished about the middle of the 
twelfth century, and who was descended from 
Ynir, the second son of Cadwaladr, king of 
the Britons. This Cadwaladr built Abergav- 
enny, county Monmouth, and its castle was aft- 
erward rebuilt by Hamley ap Hamlet, ap Sir 
Druce of Balladon, in France, and portions 
of the walls still remain. The coat-of-arms is: 
Gules, a chevron ermine between three pheons 
or. Crest: A lion rampant gules, holding in 
his paws a lozenge or. Motto : .l/i7i» Gloria 
Ccssunt. 

(I) Ynir, King of Gwentland, married 
Nesta, daughter of Jestin ap Curgan, king of 
Glamorgan. 

(II) Meiria succeeded his father and mar- 
ried Eleanor, daughter of Ednivid ap Jor- 
worth, of the house of Trevor. 

(III) Ynir Vichan, king of Gwent, married 
Gladice, daughter of Rhys Coch ap Maen- 
erch, Lord of Ystradyw, in Brecknockshire. 

(IV) Carador ap Ynir Vichan, Lord of 
Gwent, married Nesta, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Rydereck le Gros, Knight. 

(V) Dyfnwall ap Carador, Lord of Gwent, 
married Joyes, daughter of Hamlet ap Sir 
Druce, Duke of Balladon, in France. 

(VI) Systyl ap Dyfnwall. Lord of Upper 
Gwent, married Annest, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Peter Russell, Knight, Lord of Kent- 
church, county Hereford. 

(VII) Arthur ap Systyl married Jane, 
daughter of Lein ap Moreidhec, Lord of Cant- 
reblyn. 

(VIII) Meiric ap Arthur married Annest, 
daughter of Cradock ap Einen ap Golhroyn. 

(IX) Qwillim ap Meiric, Esq., married 
Jane, daughter and co-heir of Ivor ap Sys- 
sylht. Lord of Lyhs Taly-hont. 

(X) Arnholt ap Qwillim ap Meiric. Esq., 
married Janet, daughter of Philip Flering, 
Esq. 

(XI) Arnholt ap Arnholt Vychan, Esq., 
married Sybil, daughter of Madoc ap Einen 
ap Thomas. 

(XII) Roger Arnold of Llanthony in Mon- 
mouthshire, was the first of the family to 
adopt a surname. He married Joan, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Gamage, Knight, Lord of Coy- 
toy. 

(XIII) Thomas Arnold, Esq., succeeded to 
Llanthony and other estates in Monmouth- 
shire. He married Agnes, daughter of Sir 



1—8 



114 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Richard Warnstead, Knight. Children : John 
of Hingham and Over ; Richard, mentioned 
below. 

(XIV) Richard Arnold moved to Somer- 
setshire in the parish of Street. He married 
Emmote, daughter and heiress of Pearce 
Young, of Damerham, Wiltshire. 

(XV) Richard (2) was eldest son and 
heir of Richard (i) Arnold, and removed to 
Dorsetshire and was seated at Bagbere, in the 
parish of Middleton, otherwise Milton Abbas. 
He was Lord of the Manor of Bagbere and 
had estates at Alton Pancras. Buckland New- 
ton, Cheselbourne, Melcombe Horsey, and 
other places in that county. He was also the 
patron of the churches of Blandford and of 
Bingham Melcombe. His manor house at 
Bagbere was standing until 1870, when it vvas 
demolished and a farm house erected on the 
site. A small part of the ancient building is 
incorporated in the new house. His will was 
dated May 15, 1593, and proved July 9, 1595. 
He desires to be buried "in the Parishe 
Churche of Milton in the He called Jesus He 
as we goe to the Tower". He married twice. 

(XVI) Thomas (2), second son of Rich- 
ard (2) Arnold, is mentioned in his father's 
will. He lived some time at Melcombe Horsey, 
and removed to Cheselbourne on one of his 
father's estates. The family register of the 
baptisms of his children was prepared and 
brought to America. He married (first) Alice, 
dau ghter of Tohn Gullev. of North Over, par- 
ish of Tolpuddle, near Cheselbourne. Children 
of first wife: Thomasinel Joanna, baptized 
November 30, 1577; Margery, baptized Au- 
gust 30, 1581; Robert, baptized 1583; John, 
born 1585: William, June 24, 1587. Children 
of second wife: Elizabeth, 1596; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Eleanor, baptized July 31, 
1606. 

(XVII) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Arnold, was the immigrant ancestor. He was 
born in 1599 at Cheselbourne, county Dorset, 
England, and baptized April 18, 1599. He 
came to America in the ship "Plain Joan" in 
May, 1635, settling at Watertown, Massachu- 
setts, and on May 13, 1640, was made free- 
man. He was deputy to the general court in 
1666-67-70-71-72, and in 1672 was a member 
of the town council. There are records of his 
buying and selling land in Watertown at vari- 
ous times. He died in September, 1674, at 
Providence, Rhode Island, and his wife and 
children settled his estate as he had directed 

by oral will. He married (first) , and 

(second) Phebe Parkhurst. who died in 1688, 
daughter of George and Susanna Parkhurst. 
Children : Thomas, born May 3, 1625, died 
young: Nicholas, 1627, died young; Susanna. 



By second wife: Richard, mentioned below; 
Thomas : John, February 19, 1648 ; Eleazer, 
June 17, 1651. 

(XVIII) Richard (3), son of Thomas (3) 
Arnold, was born March 22, 1642, at Provi- 
dence, and died April 22, 1710. He served as 
deputy to the general assembly in 1671-76-79- 
80-8 1 -96-98- 1 700-0 1 -02-05-07-08, and was as- 
sistant in 1681-82-83-84-85-86-90-98-99; on 
May 6, 1685, was on a committee to draw up 
an address of congratulation to King James II. 
on his peaceable succession to the throne ; on 
December 22, 1686, was appointed a member 
of the council of Governor Andros : was on the 
town council in 1 700-01, and in 1707-08 was 
a speaker of the house of deputies. His will 
was dated June 8. 1708, proved May 10, 17 10. 
He married (first) Mary Angell, who died in 
1695, daughter of Thomas and Alice Angell; 

(second) Sarah , who died in 1712. 

Children by first wife: Richard, John, men- 
tioned below ; Thomas, born March 24, 1675 ; 
Mary: By second wife: Jonathan. 

(XIX) John, son of Richard (3) Arnold, 
was born November i, 1670, at Providence, 
died October 27, 1756. He was a miller. In 
religion he was a member of the Society of 
Friends, and on December 9, 1719, was ap- 
pointed to build their meeting-house. In 1731- 
32 he was a cnember of the town council at 
Smithfield, Rhode Island. About 1712 he 
built his corn ard fulling mill on the island 
near Woonsocketl Falls. His will was dated 
May 5, 1753, andSproved November i, 1756. 
He married (first)\Mary Mowry, bom 1675, 
died January 27, 1702, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Joanna (Inmanl Mowry: (second), Oc- 
tober 31, 1742, Hannah Hayward. Children of 
first wife: William, fcorn December 9, 1695; 
John, July 27, 1697; Daniel, May i. 1699; 



Mercy, December 22, 



1701 ; Anthony, March 



12, 1704: Seth, mentio^ied below; Israel, Anna, 
Susanna, Abigail. 

John Arnold, was born 
Island, September 6, 



(XX) Seth, son of " 
at Providence, Rhode 
1706. 

(XXI) Seth (2), sQJn of Seth (i) Arnold 



as born at Providen 
1728. He settled at 
October 25, 1750 
born at Smithfield : G 
Phebe, June 2, 1755 
1763 ; Anthony, May 
ruary 22, 1752 (an 



or Smithfield, about 
mithfield and married, 
ary Cargill. Children, 
orge, mentioned below; 
James, November 27, 
8, 1769; John, died Feb- 
Ider son). 
(XXII) George, sdn of Seth (2) .A.rnold, 
was born October 11, ".1751, at Smithfield. He 

married Elizabeth — / . Children, born at 

Smithfield: Phebe, boirn September 27, 1777; 
Hadwen, June 20, 177.9; Oliver, February 27, 
1781 ; Elizabeth, March 24, 1783: Margaret, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Il: 



February 21, 1785; George, January i, 1787;. 
Anson, mentioned below ; Maria, September 17, 
1791 ; James, September 12, 1793; Sarah H., 
August 7, 1795- 

(XXIII) Anson, son of George Arnold, 
was born at Smithfield, Rhode Island, March 8, 
1789, died at Catskill, New York, April 19, 
1855. He married Sally Gardner, born July 
15. 1795. died at Troy, New York, May 9, 
1859, daughter of Nathaniel Gardner. Their 
daughter Juliet married Robert Brinckerhoff 
Fairbairn (see Fairbairn IV). 

(The LeLevre Line). 

Peter LeFevre, the first of this family in 
America, was born at Havre de Grace, France, 
whence he fled with other Huguenots to San 
Domingo, West Indies. Among his children 
was John, mentioned below. 

(II) John Jacques, son of Peter LeFevre. 
was born in 1753. died in 1837. He removed 
from San Domingo to New Rochelle, New 
York, where the Huguenots had made a settle- 
ment before 1700. He married Susanna Cou- 
tant, of an old New Rochelle family (see Cou- 
tant III). She died in 1802. Children: Peter 
E. ; Prosper ; John W., mentioned below ; Ben- 
jamin Drake. 

(III) John W. LeFevre, son of John J. 
LeFevre, was born about 1780-90. 

(IV) Peter Edward, son of John W. Le- 
Fevre, was born at New Rochelle, New York, 
September 6, 1810, died there December 24, 
1886. He was a master mariner and at one 
time superintendent of the Ocean Steamship 
Company, of New York. During the Civil 
War he commanded the "Vanderbilt" when 
that vessel was sent to prevent the Confeder- 
ate iron-clad "Merrimac" from coming out 
of Hampton Roads. His home was in New 
Rochelle and he was captain of a militia com- 
pany there. He was a Democrat of the old 
school. In religion he was a Methodist. 

He married at Rye, New York, April 6, 
1848, Mary Ann Mount, a daughter of Forman 
Marshall Mount, who was born May 4, 1793, 
at Allentown, New Jersey, and died at Rye, 
May 14, 1827, also a shipmaster. Forman 
Marshall Mount married, December 25, 1819, 
at St. Mary's Church, Rotherhith, E., London, 
England, Mary Ann Russell, who was born at 
Nantucket, Massachusetts, May 10, 1803, and 
died on Easter Sunday, April, 1882, at New 
Rochelle. Forman Mount, father of Forman 
Marshall Mount, married April 6, 1760, Mar- 
garet Edwards. Michael Alount, father of 
Forman, was born in 1730, and died February 
4, 1815; married Mary Forman, who died 
September 12, 1809, aged seventy-five years, 
daughter of Ezekiel Forman, born October 31, 



1706, died October 3, 1745, granddaughter of 
Samuel and Mary ( Wilson j Forman, great- 
granddaughter of Aaron and Dorothy Forman. 
Aaron's father was Robert, of Flushing, 1645. 
Richard Mount, father of Michael, died 1777. 
Mary Forman's mother was Elizabeth Sea- 
brooke, born 17 13, died May 16, 1791, daugh- 
ter of James and Hannah (Grover) Sea- 
brooke, granddaughter of Thomas and Mary 
Seabrooke and of Joseph and Hannah (Law- 
rence) Grover, great-granddaughter of James 
Grover on one side and of William and Han- 
nah Lawrence on the other. 

A daughter of Peter Edward LeFevre, 
Alice, married Dr. Henry Arnold Fairbairn 
(see Fairbairn V). 

(The Coutant Line). 

John Coutant, the immigrant ancestor, was 
born in France in 1658, and came, about 1689 
from Saint Arville, France, with the first set- 
tlers from Rochelle, France, to the settlement 
at New Rochelle, New York. His name is 
spelled Contin, Coutin, Couton and in various 
other ways in early records. He married Su- 
sanna Bonne foy, who was born in 1660. His 
name appears prominently in New Rochelle 
records. Children ; John, mentioned below ; 
Isaac, John Jr., Peter, Judy, Hester. 

(II) John (2), eldest son of John (i) Cou- 
tant, was born about 1690. He is mentioned in 
the will of Ambrose Sicard, of New Rochelle, 
August 27, 1733. The will of his brother Isaac, 
dated December 8, 1747, and proved Novem- 
ber 29, 1766, bequeaths to wife Catherine and 
children — Jacob, Isaac, John (if he ever re- 
turns), Catherine, Esther, Susanna and Mir- 
iam. Isaac was witness of Pierre Perott's 
will at New Rochelle, May 26, 1730, and of 
Lewis Guion's will, November 23, 1732. Cath- 
erine Coutant, widow of Isaac, was legatee 
under the will of Mar LeFevre, of New Ro- 
chelle, dated April 17, 1753, proved May 11. 
1753. "the best of my diamond rings," and 
Jacob and Jane Coutant were witnesses of 
this will. 

(HI) Isaac, son of John (2) Coutant, was 
born in New Rochelle, in 1723, and died in 
1802. He married Fannie Badeau, of another 
French Huguenot family, who was born in 
1732, died December 17, 1825. Their daugh- 
ter Susanna, born about 1760, married John 
LeFevre (see LeFevre II). 



The name of Burke, Bourke or 
BURKE Bourck, was originally written 

de Burgh, and under that form 
is an ancient name, and signifies "pertaining 
to a city." It is of much note in the old world, 
and mav be traced back to the eighth century. 



ii6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Its head was Charles, Due d'Ingheim, fifth son 
of the Emperor Charlemagne. In the fourth 
generation from him is Baldwin de Bourg, his 
great-grandson, a renowned Crusader, whose 
son Baldwin founded the house of Blois in 
France, and was a progenitor of the noble fam- 
ilies of Burgh and Vesey, in Ireland. Early in 
the fourteenth century lived John, Earl of 
Comyn and Baron of Tonsburgh in Normandy, 
and a descendant of the above, "who, being 
general of the king's forces, and governor of 
his chief towns, obtained the surname of de 
Burgh." The name is mentioned in very early 
English history, and its owners verify their 
descent from the old crusader by deeds of 
bravery, piety and loyalty to their king. The 
most celebrated was Hubert de Burgh, who 
became king's justiciary of England under 
Henry III., was made Earl of Kent, and re- 
ceived in marriage the eldest sister of the 
King of Scotland. In the reign of Henry II. 
a branch of the de Burghs went over into Ire- 
land, and from that time down figures in Irish 
history. It is frequently involved in the wars 
and struggles which harassed that riotous 
kingdom, and in most cases is found on the 
side of law and order. 

(I) Richard Burke, the immigrant ancestor, 
is supposed to have been born about 1640, in 
England, and died at Sudbury, Massachusetts, 
1693-94. October 24, 1670, he bought one 
hundred and thirty acres of land in Sudbury, 
and March i, 1685-86, he was granted by the 
town of Stow thirty acres of upland and 
swampland for a house lot. July 26, 1687, 
he had another small grant of land in Stow. 
He married, in Sudbury, June 24, 1670, Mary 
Parmenter, born in Sudbury, June 10, 1644, 
daughter of John and Amy Parmenter, and 
granddaughter of Deacon John Parmenter, 
born 1588, who was one of the first settlers of 
Sudbury, 1639. She survived her husband, 

and afterward married Allen. Children, 

born in Sudbury: Richard, mentioned below; 

John, married Rebecca ; Joseph, born 

April I, 1676; Mary, September 25, 1680; 
Jonas, January 4, 1683-84; Thomas, November 
I, 1686. 

(II) Richard (2). son of Richard (i) 
Burke, was born in Sudbury, April 16, 1671. 
He lived at Stow, Sudbury and Brookfield, 
Massachusetts. His name appears upon the 
records of Stow as late as 1705; in 1708 he 
is called of Sudbury, and in 1720 had a grant 
of land in Brookfield. He married Abigail, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary Sawtell, and 
granddaughter of Richard Sawtell, a proprie- 
tor of Watertown, 1636-37, and one of the first 
settlers of Groton, where he was town clerk 
for the first three years after its organization. 



Her father was also an original proprietor of 
Groton. She was born there March 5, 1671- 
72, and died in Sudbury, April i, 1716 (?). 
Children, first three born probably in Stow, 
last three in Sudbury: Abigail, married John 
Parmenter; Richard, lived in Brookfield, mar- 
ried Mary ; Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, born 1708; Keziah, February 24, 
1710-11 ; Uzziah, twin of Keziah. 

(III) Jonathan, son of Richard (2) Burke, 
was born in January, 1701, and died in Wind- 
sor, Vermont, May 18, 1775. He lived in 
Brookfield, where his name, appears on the 
records as late as 1748, at which time he pur- 
chased real estate in Brimfield, Massachusetts. 
July ID, 1759, he conveyed to his son Jona- 
than eighty acres of land in Brimfield. and 
was later of South Brimfield, which was in- 
corporated September 18, 1762. He was often 
appointed on committees on town and churcti 
affairs in the two latter towns. December 15, 
1769, he was living in what is now Westmm- 
ster, Vermont. He served in the colonial wars, 
1722-24; in Major John Chandler's company, 
August 18 to November 26, 1722; January 8, 
1724, on the frontier; in garrison at Brook- 
field, Massachusetts, April 13 to November 
20, 1724. (Authorities: Temple's "History 
North Brookfield, Massachusetts," quoting 
from muster rolls among Massachusetts ar- 
chives in State House, Boston; Burke Alvoid 
Memorial; Hemmenway's Gazeteer). 

Jonathan married May 10, 1731, in North- 
ainptcn, Massachusetts, Thankful, daughter of 
William and Ann (Webb) Wait; she was born 
in .Northampton, January 27, 1706 (?), and 
dieil in Windsor, January 29, 1783. Children, 
all but the youngest, born in Brookfield, the 
latter in Brimfield: Keziah, March 3, 1732; 
Jonathan, February 26, 1733-34; Simeon, May 
3, 1736; Jesse, mentioned tjelow ; Isaiah, June 
13, 1740; Richard, "deceast April 13, 1741"; 
Solomon, born December 2, 1742: Silas, No- 
vember 22, 1744; Elijah; Anna, September 2, 
1748. 

(IV) Captain Jesse Burke, son of Jonathan 
Burke, was born in Brookfield, April 8, 1738, 
and died in Westminster, Vermont, January 
20, 181 1. He was one of the first settlers of 
Westminster, and a large landowner. He was 
proprietor of a large part of the land comprised 
in the lower settlement of the East Parish of 
rbat town. In the political agitation which 
preceded the outbreak of the revolution he was 
early allied to the side of the patriots, and was 
captain of the first military company raised in 
the vicinity. He was a friend and confidant 
of Ethan Allen, of revolutionary fame, and 
during the collision between the people of Ver- 
mont and the authorities of New York, prior 



NEW ENGLAND. 



117 



to the independence and admittance of Ver- 
mont into the Union as a state, had the latter 
as a guest at his house. He was a man of 
marked decision of character, of integrity and 
intelligence. He married May, 1761, in 
Brookfield, Leah (Jennings) Rice, widow of 
Charles Rice. She died August 5, 181 1, aged 
.■;ev'.'nty-four years, gravestone record. Chil- 
dren, born in Westminster: Anna, married 

(first) Calvin Chaffee, (second) 

Cobb; Joseph, born June 22, 1762; Jonathan, 
married May 26, 181 1, widow Laurana But- 
terfield ; Eliab, born 1766; Jesse, born Decem- 
ber 20, 1770; Eli, born October 21, 1771 ; Eli- 
jah, mentioned below. 

(V) Elijah, son of Captain Jesse Burke, 
was born in Westminster, March 3, 1774, and 
died March 21, 1843. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, and in early life was very active in 
that line. He was among the first to engage 
in the introduction and growth of merino 
sheep in Vermont, and for many years was 
owner of large flocks of that valuable animal. 
He was much respected by his fellow-towns- 
men, and was often tendered public offices, all 
of which, except the most humble and practi- 
cally useful, he invariably declined. He mar- 
ried, September, 1795, Grace, daughter of 
Moses and Lucy Jefifers, of New London, 
Connecticut; she was born September 14, 1777. 
Children, born in Westminster : Russell, men- 
tioned below ; Rhoda, June 25, 1799, died 
March 18, 1818; Elijah, March 31, 1802, died 
August, 1804; George Emery, born October 
zj, 1803; Udney, September i, 1806; Edmund, 
January 23, 1809; Thales, January 31, 1811 ; 
Gratia, March 22, 1815; Catharine, May 5, 
1817. 

(VI) Russell, son of Elijah Burke, was 
born in Westminster, March 26, 1797, and 
died in Springfield, Vermont, October 4, 
1852-55. He married, August 18, 1822, Eliza 
Williams, born March 15, 1803. Children: 
Russell Williams, born July 5, 1825, died June 
19, 1826; Russell Williams, born April 3, 
1827; John Westfield, September 4, 1829, died 
July 26, 1830; John Westfield, June 2, 1831, 
died April 20, 1832; Harriet Eliza, March 2, 
1833, died March 16, 1833; Harriet Eliza, 
May 14, 1834, died April 14, 1838; George 
Henry, February 23, 1837, died August 6, 
1839; George Henry, born June 5, 1839; 
Charles Clinton, of whom further. 

(VH) Charles Clinton, son of Russell 
Burke, was born at Springfield, Vermont. He 
was educated at the Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, New Hampshire. From Meriden he 
went to Boston and began his business career 
there with a wholesale provision house. After 
living in Boston about two years he went to 



the oil regions, arriving at Titusville, Penn- 
sylvania, in the early sixties. Crude petroleum 
was then being produced in great abundance. 
There were, however, few refineries in the coun- 
try, and few men with practical knowledge of 
that branch of the business. In order to be- 
come proficient in it he placed himself under 
the tuition of a well-known chemist of the oil 
fields. After obtaining from him the general 
methods of refining, he supplemented this 
course of instruction by sending to Pittsburgh 
for a German chemist whose services he util- 
ized in the manufacture of various products 
from petroleum. Although he had not then at- 
tained his majority, Mr. Burke associated him- 
self with others and secured a factory, which 
he reconstructed, and long afterward this plant 
was totally ruined by fire. Mr. Burke removed 
later to Pittsburgh and remained there several 
years as a refiner. In 1871 he established 
himself in New York and became an owner in 
an oil refinery on Newtown creek. This plant 
was successfully operated under his manage- 
ment until about 1883. In that year he was 
elected president of the Eagle Oil Company, 
with works at Communipaw, New Jersey. He 
has originated several grades of lubricating 
oil which are celebrated for their excellent 
qualities, and has received letters patent for 
various valuable improvements in machinery. 
Mr. Burke is a director of the Fulton Trust 
Company, of New York, having been one of 
its founders. He has served as vice-president 
and president of the New York Produce Ex- 
change, and is also treasurer of the New Eng- 
land Society of New York, and a member of 
the L^nion League Club. 

Mr. Burke has been married twice — in 1872, 
to Miss Elsie P. Ely, a daughter of the late 
Abner L. Ely, of New York; and in 1886, to 
Miss Elizabeth S. Cass, a daughter of General 
George W. Cass, of Pittsburgh. Mr. Burke 
has several sons and daughters, and resides at 
Plainfield, New Jersey. 

(The Williams Line). 

The Williams family of Wales and Eng- 
land is of great antiquity. The surname is 
derived from the ancient personal name Will- 
iam. Sir Robert Williams, ninth baronet, of 
the house of Williams of Penrhyn, was a lin- 
eal descendant from Marchudes of Cyan, Lord 
of Abergelen in Denbighshire, of one of the 
fifteen tribes of North Wales that lived in the 
time of Roderick the Great, King of the Brit- 
ons, about A. D. 849. The ancient Williams 
coat-of-arms of the Welsh family is: Sable a 
lion rampant argent armed and langues gules. 
The crest is a moor cock. The seat of the 
family was at Flint, Wales, and in Lincoln- 



ii8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



shire. Oliver Cromwell, the Protector, was a 
Williams by right of descent, and was related 
to Richard Williams, who settled in Taunton, 
Massachusetts, as shown by the following pedi- 
gree. Alden de Cromwell lived in the time of 
William the Conqueror, and from him de- 
scended ten Ralph de Cromwells in succession, 
the last of the name dying without issue. The 
seventh Ralph de Cromwell married, 1351, 
Amicia, daughter of Robert Berer, M. P. Rob- 
ert Cromwell ( i ) was a Lancastrian, killed in 
the wars in 1461. From him the line to Oliver 
Cromwell and Richard Williams is definitely 
known. William Cromwell (2), son of Rob- 
ert (i), left a daughter Margaret, who was 
ancestor of both Cromwell and Williams. John 
Cromwell (3) married Joan Smith. Walter 

Cromwell (4) married Glossop. Kath- 

erine Cromwell (5), daughter of Walter (4), 
married Morgan Williams, fifth from Howell 
Williams, mentioned below. Sir Richard Will- 
iams (6), son of Morgan and Katherine (5), 
bom about 1495, rnarried Frances Murfyn. 
After reaching mature years Sir Richard took 
the name of Cromwell, under the patronage 
of his mother's brother, Thomas Cromwell. He 
lived in Glamorganshire, Wales. Sir Henry 
Cromwell (7), alias Williams, son of Sir Rich- 
ard (6), was called the "Golden Knight" of 
Hinchenbrook, Huntingdon ; married Joan 
Warren. Robert Cromwell (8), alias William, 
was of Huntingdon, a brewer, married Eliza- 
beth Stewart. Their first child was Oliver, the 
Great Protector. Oliver Cromwell used the 
alias in his youth, and in some deeds his name 
is found Oliver Williams, alias Cromwell. 
Howell Williams (i). Lord of Ribour, was 
progenitor of the Williams family of Wales. 
Morgan Williams (2) married Joan Batten. 
Thomas of Lancashire (3), son of Morgan 
(2), died in London. John Williams (4), 
son of Thomas (3), married Margaret Smith; 
died 3t Mortlake, 1502. Their son John, born 
1485, married Joan Wykys, daughter of Henry 
Wykys, of Bolleys Park, Chertney, and sister 
of Elizabeth Wykys, who married Thomas 
Cromwell (brother of Katherine, mentioned 
above), secretary to Henry VHL, Lord 
Cromwell, of Oakham, Earl of Essex. Rich- 
ard Williams (6), born at Rochampton 1487; 
settled at Monmouth and Dexter; nied 155Q. 
John W^i'.'iams (6), son of Richard (5), was 
of Huntmgdonshire, near Wotton-under- 
Edge, Gloucester; died 1577. William (7), 
son of John Williams (6), was also of Hunt- 
ingdon; married, November 15, 1585, Jane 
Shepherd ; second, December 4, 1603, Jane 
Woodward His first child by the second mar- 
riage was Richard Williams, who settled in 
Taunton. Massachusetts. The Williams fami- 



lies of America descend from more than a 
score of different immigrant ancestors. That 
several of them were related to Richard of 
Taunton, mentioned above, seems certam, but 
the degree has not been traced in the various 
instances. 

(I) Roger Williams, son of James and 
Alice (Pemberton) Williams, born 1599, in 
Wales, was a very bright youth and engaged 
the favorable notice of prominent men in Lon- 
don through whom he secured excellent edu- 
cational facilities. He was ordained a clergy- 
man of the Church of England, but soon be- 
came an extreme Puritan and migrated to New 
England. For his opposition to the New Eng- 
land theocracy he was driven from Salem, 
taking refuge at Plymouth, where he studied 
the Indian dialects. Banished from the col- 
ony in 163s, accompanied by a few adherents, 
he escaoed in midwinter to the shores of Na;- 
ragansett Bay, where he purchased lands of 
the Indian chiefs, founded the city of Provi- 
dence, and established a government of pure 
democracy. In 1654 he was elected pres'dent 
of the colony, and his death occurred in 168,. 
He married Mary Barnard, who died in 1676, 
and had children: Mary, born 1633, died 1681 ; 
Freeborn, 1635-1710; Providence, 1638-1686; 
Mercy, 1640-1705; Daniel. 1642-1702; Joseph, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Joseph, youngest child of Roger and 
Mary (Barnard) Williams, was born Decem- 
ber 12, 1643, 'ri Providence, died there August 
17, 1724. He married, December 17. 1669, 
Lydia Olney, born 1645, "^'^^ September n, 
1724. Children: Joseph, born 1670, died 
young; Thomas, mentioned below; Joseph. 
November 10, 1673; Mary, June 16, 1676; 
I.imes, September 20, 1680; Lydia, September 

26, 1683. 

(III) Thomas, second son of Joseph and 
Lydia (Olney) Williams, was born February 
16, 1672, in Providence, and died there August 

27, 1724. He married Mary Blackmar, who 
died July i, 1717. Children: Joseph, died 
July 17, 1750, Thomas, Stephen, John, Abigail, 
Jonathan, Mary. 

(IV) Stephen, third son of Thomas and 
Mary (Blackmar) Williams, was born in 
Providence, was a house carpenter in that 
town, and died there May 26, 1745. He mar- 
ried, June 28, 1736, Jemima, whose surname is 
not shown in the records. Children : Isaiah, 
born January 15, 1738; Katherine, April 28, 
1739- Jonathan, mentioned below. 

(V) Jonathan, second son of Stephen and 
Jemima Williams, was born May 20, 1741. in 
Providence, and settled in Douglas, Massachu- 
setts, before 1659, dying there February 16, 
1803. He resided in East Douglas, and the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



119 



records show that his wife's name was Esther. 
Children recorded in Douglas : Samuel, born 
September 29, 1769; Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low; Thaddeus, February 4, 1774; Amos, Oc- 
tober 21, 1776; John Nason, May 23, 1780; 
Jesse. July 20, 1789. 

(VI) Colonel Jonathan (2), second son of 
Jonathan ( i ) and Esther Williams, was born 
March 11. 1772, in Douglas, and resided for a 
short time in Grafton, Massachusetts, whence 
he removed to Grafton, Vermont, remaining 
there but a brief period. About 1796 he set- 
tled at Springfield, Vermont, where he bought 
land of Joseph Selden and built what was later 
called the Dr. Eleazer Grain house, situated 
where the Brown residence now stands. In 
1800 he built the part of the tavern house to 
the east and west, known so long as Black 
River Hotel and Springfield House, and for a 
time he kept the hotel. In 1803 he built on the 
site of Leland's block, a building which he 
occupied as a hat shop ; later he built below 
the lower bridge the house now owned by the 
Olneys, and the George O. Henry house, 
known for a long time as the Williams Tavern, 
where he and afterwards his son Luke kept a 
public house. He was engaged with Ethan 
Allen in running the fulling mill on the west 
side of the river in 1797. In 1812 he built the 
woolen mill at the lower bridge, where he man- 
ufactured cloth, and which was afterwards 
run by his son. For several years he was con- 
stable of the town, and he was a man of great 
executive ability and enterprise, of much influ- 
ence in public affairs. He was colonel of the 
Second Regiment of state militia and enlisted 
m the war of 1812 with General John Perkins, 
Jonathan Chase and others. At the close of 
the war he had charge of paying off the sol- 
diers. He married Betsey Kidder, and she 
died January 23, 1841. Children: Elias. bom 
in Grafton. Massachusetts, September 4, 1794; 
Luke, born in Grafton, Vermont, March 29, 
1796; Henry, December 11, 1797; Frederick, 
died in infancy; Frederick. June 11. 1801 ; 
Eliza. March 15. 1803, married Russell Burke 
(see Burke); Lucretia, December 8, 1806; 
Nancy, December 20, 1808; Harriet, Decem- 
ber 24, 1810; Jonathan, January 2, 1813; 
George N., October 9, 1814; Sarah, August' 13, 
1816; Louisa, October 18, 1818. 



Henry Chamberlin, the 
CHAM BERLIN immigrant ancestor, came 

from Hingham. county 
Norfolk, England, arriving in New England, 
August 10, 1638, in the ship "Diligent," accom- 
panied by his mother Christian, his wife Jane, 
and two or more children. His mother was 
probably the "Mrs. Chamberlin, widowe, sis- 



ter of Mr. Israeli Stoughton," who received an 
allowance from Mr. Andrews' gift by the 
governor and deputies of Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, May 14, 1645. She died at Hingham, 
Massachusetts, .A.pril 19, 1659, aged eightv- 
one. Henry Chamberlin, in common with 
many others, came to New England to escape 
religious persecution. He settled in Hingham, 
Massachusetts, where he had a grant of a 
house-lot in 1638. He was made freeman 
March 13, 1638-9, and lived in Hingham until 
1660. On February 4, 1660, he deeded land 
in Hingham to Daniel Gushing, and in this 
deed and others he was called blacksmith and 
shoemaker. About 1661 he moved to Hull, 
where he lived until his death, July 15, 1674. 
He called himself blacksmith from 1660 until 
his death. His will was made December 8, 
1673, and his widow with her sons deeded his 
property in Hingham to Thomas Sawyer, 
March 3, 1674-5. Children, perhaps not in 
order of birth: Susannah, born about 1616; 
Henry, eldest son ; William, mentioned below ; 
Daniel, baptized at Hingham, England, May 
15, 1632. buried there May 19, 1632; Mary, 
perhaps twin, baptized at Hingham, England, 
May 15, 1632, buried there May 25, 1632; 
John, baptized at Hingham, England, Novem- 
ber 15, 1633; Ursula, born about 1634; Faith; 
Daniel (2), baptized at Hingham, Massachu- 
setts, September 26, 1641 ; Nathaniel, baptized 
at Hingham. Massachusetts, November 26. 
1643, not mentioned in his father's will; Ebe- 
nezer : probably a son died at Hingham, Octo- 
ber 28, 1646. 

(II) William, son of Henry Chamberlin, 
was born doubtless about 1620. On Novem- 
ber 9, 1647. he bought a house and lot from 
Francis Smith, in Boston, situated on Wash- 
ington street, and bounded on the west by the 
"Common," and on January 4, 1648, he deeded 
this back to hin» and before .•\ugiist 2j. 1654, 
moved to Hull, settling on the east side of 
Quaker Lane. In 1657 he was granted by the 
proprietors eleven lots of land in Hull, and 
also had his deed from Thomas Jones, of 
Langley's Island, confirmed by them, .\bout 
1658 he was a selectman, and June 5, 1662, 
was one of the appraisers of Thomas Loring's 
estate. In 1669 he was townsman. He died 
at Hull, October 22, 1678, and his estate was 
valued at £529, provision being made by him 
for the care of his father and mother. He 
married (first), about 1651 (name unknownl, 
who died at Hull about 1660, and he married 
(second), about 1661 (name unknown). Chil- 
dren by first wife, probably born at Hull: 
Williarn, .^pril 9. 1652: John, baptized at 
Hingham. August 2j. 1654: Job, born about 
1656; Nathaniel, September 4, 1659; Freedom. 



I20 



NEW ENGLAND. 



about 1660. Children by second wife, bom at 
Hull: Benjamin, baptized at Hingham, May 
18, 1662; Joseph, mentioned below; Mary, 
born about 1672, and Sarah, bom about 1676. 

(Ill) Joseph, son of William Chamberlin, 
was born at Hull about 1665, and died at Col- 
chester, August 7, 1752, aged eighty-seven 
years. He was buried in the old parish ceme- 
tery in Colchester village. In 1685 William 
James, of Scituate, was his guardian. On 
March 30, 1687, he deeded to his brother Will- 
iam, of Hull, weaver, land on Pettox Island 
which had been his father's, his brother Free- 
dom's and finally his own. In the deed he 
called himself cordwainer. About 1688 he 
moved to Hadley, Massachusetts, and before 
1701 migrated to Hatfield, Massachusetts. As 
early as 1704 he moved from Hadley or Hat- 
field to Colchester, Connecticut. On May 29, 
1693, he executed a power of attorney to his 
brother William. On May 31, 1695, his wife 
Mercy quitclaimed her interest in his estate to 
Nathaniel Chamberlin, weaver, and John Col- 
lier, husbandman, both of Hull. He was a petit 
juror at Hadley in 1701, and in 1705 his taxes 
at Hadley and Hatfield were referred to. The 
first mention of him in Colchester was April 
I, 1703, when the proprietors granted land 
they had formerly given him to Thomas Day, 
and October 30, 1704, they granted him twen- 
ty acres on Wig^vam Hill. Stiles says that he 
lived for a time in Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
but of this no proof has been found. Until 
his death he was very prominent in Colches- 
ter, where he served as selectman in 1705, 
1706, 1716-18, and perhaps other years, was 
licensed to keep the ordinary in 1710, and con- 
tinued to keep a tavern until 1748. At the ex- 
pense of the province he entertained the 
French ambassadors when they passed through 
Colchester to and from New London in 171 1. 
He was admitted a freema^i December 31, 
1712. His home was on the main road leading 
from New London to Hartford, and about a 
mile north of the present village of Colchester. 
He married, at Hadley. June 8, 1688, Mercy, 
daughter of John and Frances (Foote) Dick- 
inson; she was born at Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, about 1668, and died at Colchester, 
June 30, 1735. Joseph Chamberlin died at 
Colchester, August 7, 1752, and was buried 
there. Children: William, of Colchester; 
Sarah, born at Hadley, November 2, 1690, died 
young; Sarah (2), born at Hadley, March 10, 
1693; Elizabeth, born about 1695; Joseph, 
mentioned below ; John, born at Hatfield, 
March 4, 1700; Benjamin, born about 1701 ; 
Freedom, born at Colchester, .\pril 15, 1705, 
and John (2), born at Colchester, January 
31, 1707-08. 



(IV) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Cham- 
berlin, was born about 1697, at Hadley or Hat- 
field, and settled in Colchester. His wife 
Lydia died there March 3, 1730, and he prob- 
ably married (second), July 12, 1738, Han- 
nah, widow of Aaron Gillett. October 18, 1749, 
Hannah Stores quitclaimed to Joseph Cham- 
berlin and wife. Children of first wife : Lydia, 
born October 20, 1721 ; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Job, born February 8, 1725-26; Jona- 
than, July I, 1728; Jonathan (2), February 22, 
1729-30, died young. 

(V) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) Cham- 
berlin, was born at Colchester, April 11, 1724, 
and appears to have settled near his grand- 
mother's home, in the neighborhood of Had- 
ley or Hatfield, where his father and some of 
his uncles and aunts were born. He married, 
February 7, 1762, at Sunderland (which was 
incorporated from Hadley in 1714), Eunice, 
born July 31, 1739, daughter of John and 
Mary (Cowles) Amsden, of Deerfield. The 
marriage is also given in Deerfield, as are the 
births of the children. On his wedding day 
Joseph Chamberlin bought lot 18, on the west 
side of Sunderland ; he purchased it of Gideon 
Henderson, and in August of the same year 
sold it to Nathaniel Barstow. He owned other 
land, perhaps inherited from his father or 
grandmother, and his farm remained until re- 
cently in the possession of his descendants. 
Children : Luther, mentioned below ; Mary, 
born at Sunderland, .A.ugust 24, 1764, died 
June II, 1766; Joseph, born April 3, 1766, died 
at Cannonville, or Trout Creek, Delaware 
county, New York. 

(VI) Luther, son of Joseph (3) and Eu- 
nice (Amsden) Chamberlin, was bom about 
1763, and was probably still a child when his 
parents removed to Vermont, appearing to 
have resided both at Guilford and Brattleboro. 
Joseph Chamberlin was a lieutenant in Colonel 
Timothy Church's regiment, of Brattleboro. 
The farm of Joseph Chamberlin at Guilford 
was in the territorv' over which New York and 
New Hampshire claimed jurisdiction and 
granted land titles for many years, and Ver- 
mont and New Hampshire also had a contro- 
versy over this territory. Luther Chamber- 
lin' married Temperance Pollard, and about 
1790 went with his wife to New York state 
from Brattleboro, Vermont, settling on part 
of lot 66, in the northern part of "j6'"'cho" 
(now Bainbridge), on Stockwell's creek. This 
was part of the land originally granted to his 
father, but Luther did not remain there long, 
preferring to migrate to a fine farm on the 
west side of the Susquehanna river, some six 
miles further south. A little settlement which 
had already begun to grow just at the north- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



121 



ern line of this farm was known a little later 
as South Bainbridge, and is now Afton. Here 
were bom and reared several children, among 
them a son, Joseph Pollard, mentioned below, 
and a daughter, Eunice, named in honor of her 
grandmother. Luther Chamberlin died about 
1838, his wife having passed away in 1828. 

(VII) Joseph (4) Pollard, son of Luther 
and Temperance (Pollard) Chamberlin, was 
born in 1795, at South Bainbridge, and spent 
his entire life on the farm. He became a very 
prominent man in the community. As justice 
of the peace he tried Joseph Smith, the 
founder of Mormonism, for false pretense. 
He was sheriflf of the county, 1843-46, and 
served as assemblyman in 1834, in the fifty- 
seventh session of the legislature, and 1852 
in the seventy-fifth session, he was again a 
member of the assembly. He was urged to 
become a United States senator, and the guber- 
natorial nomination was tendered him by both 
political parties, but he declined to assume the 
burdens which his acceptance of these honors 
would have involved. A man of generous im- 
pulses, he gave liberally to all projects for the 
betterment of the neighborhood, but when it 
was decided to rename the village and many 
desired to call it Chamberlin or Chamberlin- 
ville, he gave his influence in favor of Afton. 
He married, February 19, 1824, Margaret, 
daughter of Benjamin Carpenter ; children : 
Jeanette. born November, 1825, died Decem- 
ber 5, 185 1 ; John Clark, bom May 14, 1828, 
died January 27, 1903; Joseph (5) Pollard 
(2),- born June i, 1830, died May 13, 1897; 
Emma, born August 27, 1832, died July 27, 
1908; Henrietta, born September 18, 1837, 
now living in Colorado ; Ralph, born March 
18, 1840, died December 26, 1891 ; Horace 
Stowell. mentioned below. Mrs. Chamberlin 
died August 22, 1848, and the death of Mr. 
Chamberlin occurred November 21, 1857. 

(VIII) Horace Stowell, son of Joseph (4) 
Pollard (i) and Margaret (Carpenter) Cham- 
berlin, was born August 6, 1842, at Afton, 
New York, and received his education in the 
public schools and at the Delaware Literary 
Institute, Franklin, New York. After com- 
pleting his course of study he returned to his 
native place, and in January, 1866, opened a 
general store. In 1871-72 he was supervisor 
of the town,- and was urged to accept a nonv 
ination for the assembly, an honor which he 
declined, having little inclination for political 
life. In 1875 he engaged in the commission 
business in Scranton, Pennsylvania, an enter- 
prise which was most successful. Eventually 
he sold out and became general manager of the 
B. G. Carpenter wholesale and retail house- 
furnishing, gas-fitting, plumbing and metal- 



work establishment in Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania, to which city he removed his family 
in 1876, making it his home for the remainder 
of his life. Mr. Chamberlin married, Febru- 
ary 13, 1866, in St. Paul's Protestant Episco- 
pal Church, Oxford, New York, Mary M., 
born August 22, 1845, only child of Amos A. 
and Lucy L. (Palmer) Hitchcock, and they 
became the parents of one son: Rollin Smith, 
mentioned below. The death of Mr. Chamber- 
lin, which occurred January 20, 1900, was an 
irreparable loss to his family and friends. He 
was a man of strong domestic aflPections, find- 
ing his highest happiness at his own fireside. 
The loss to the community in general was rec- 
ognized as one of exceptional magnitude, as 
appears by the following extract from an obit- 
uary notice published in one of the Wilkes- 
Barre papers : 

Mr. Chamberlin is dead after a brave but short 
struggle with pleuro-pneumonia. This announce- 
ment comes with unusual sorrow, — he was one 
of Wilkes-Barre's best known and most highly 
esteemed citizens. In him seemed embodied the 
qualities of an ideal manhood, and those who knew 
him best were most sincere in their admiration for 
him. For many years he had been with B. G. 
Carpenter & Company. His figure was familiar to 
all, his greeting sincerely pleasant, and to be in his 
presence, whether in a business or social way, was 
to be in the company of a thorough gentleman. 
Men such as he stand out prominently in the com- 
munity, — not, perhaps, for great, illustrious deeds, 
but for the nobleness of mind and soul that rise 
above the vanities and fame of earth. 

(IX) Rollin Smith, only child of Horace 
Stowell and Mary M. (Hitchcock) Chamber- 
lin, was bom June 2, 1867, in Afton, Chenango 
county. New York, and received his education 
in the public schools of Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania. When a very young man he became 
a night operator for the Bell Telephone Com- 
pany, and in 1889 was made manager of the 
Wilkes-Barre exchange. A few years later he 
was promoted to the position of district super- 
intendent, and in 1902 became general super- 
intendent, with headquarters at Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. He held this office for eight 
years, retiring when the state system was ab- 
sorbed by the Philadelphia Bell Telephone 
Company. In 19 11 he was made superintendent 
of the Scranton district of the Consolidated 
Telephone Company, with headquarters in the 
handsome Republican Building on Washing- 
ton avenue. His administration was marked 
by a wonderful increase in the number of sub- 
scribers and a great improvement in the effi- 
ciency of the service of the system. Mr. Cham- 
berlin is an energetic, magnetic and thoroughly 
capable e.xecutive head, and a most genial and 
approachable gentleman, with bubbling good 



122 



NEW ENGLAND. 



humor and a kind word for every one. So 
satisfactory was his management of affairs in 
this district that he was promoted in 191 1 to 
the general superintendency, with offices in 
Philadelphia. He is a Republican in politics, 
belongs to the Engineers' Club, of Pennsyl- 
vania, and is a member of St. Stephen's Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, of Wilkes-Barre. 

Mr. Chamberlin married, June 6, 1894, 
Helen Louise, born September 12, 1872, at 
Wilkes-Barre, daughter of David L. and Polly 
A. (Griffin) Patrick, of that city. Children: 
Esther Margaret, born May 12, 1900. at 
Wilkes-Barre, and Helen Louise, born Sep- 
tember 7, 1908, at Harrisburg. 



Samuel Packard, immigrant 
PACKARD ancestor, came to New Eng- 
land with his wife and one 
child in the ship "Diligent," of Ipswich, John 
Martin, master, in 1638. He came from Wind- 
ham, a small hamlet near Hingham, county 
Norfolk, England, and settled in Hingham, 
Massachusetts. He moved about 1660 to 
Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and held office 
there in 1664. In 1670 he was licensed to keep 
the ordinary. His sons, and probably he him- 
self, were soldiers under Captain Benjamin 
Church in King Philip's war in 1675-76. His 
will was dated 1684. Children: Elizabeth, born 
probably in England, married, 1665, Thomas 
-Alger, of West Bridgewater; Samuel Jr., born 
in Hingham, Massachusetts, married Elizabeth 
Lathrop ; Zaccheus, mentioned below ; 
Thomas, born in Hingham, living in Bridge- 
water in 1673; John, born in Hingham; Na- 
thaniel, married a daughter of John Kingman ; 
Mary, married Richard Phillips; Hannah, mar- 
ried Thomas Randall ; Israel ; Jael, married 
John Smith ; Deborah, married Samuel Wash- 
burn ; Deliverance, married Thomas Wash- 
burn, brother of Samuel Washburn. 

(II) Zaccheus, son of Samuel Packard, was 
bom in Hingham, Massachusetts, died in 
Bridgewater, August 3, 1723. He married 
Sarah, daughter of John Howar 1, ot West 
Bridgewater. Children, born in Bridgewater : 
Israel, .April 27, 1680; Sarah, .August 19, 
1682; Jonathan, December 7, 1684; David, 
February 11, 1687; Solomon, mentioned be- 
low; Deacon James, June 2, 1691 ; Zaccheus 
Jr., September 4, 1693 I John. October 8, 1695 ; 
Captain .Abiel, .April 29, 1699. 

(III) Solomon, son of Zaccheus Packard, 
was born at Bridgewater. Massachusetts, 
March 20, 1689, died in 1723. He married 
(first), in 1715, Sarah, daughter of John How- 
ard. He married (second) Susanna, daughter 
of Samuel Kingman. Children, born at 
Bridgewater: Sarah, 1719, married Isaac Ful- 



ler; Jacob, mentioned below; Nathan, 1722; 
Susanna, 1724, married Joseph Alden ; Joanna, 
1725, married Israel Allen; Martha, 1727, 
married Isaac Alden Jr. and Israel Bailey; 
Solomon, 1729; Nathan, 1733; B^nja'min, 
1734, married Ruth Leach; Zebulon, 1736; 
Micah, 1738, went to Maine. 

(IV) Jacob, son of Solomon Packard, was 
born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, in 1720, 
died in 1777. He married, in 1742, Dorothy, 
daughter of Mark Perkins. Children, born at 
Bridgewater; Jacob, Asa, mentioned below; 
Oliver, Mark, Hezekiah, graduate of Harvard, 
17S7, minister of Chelmsford, D. D.. died in 
1849; Rhoda, married Abijah Stowell : Doro- 
thy, married James Richards ; Phebe, married 
Henry Thayer. 

(V) Rev. Asa Packard, son of Jacob Pack- 
ard, was bom at Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, in 1758. At the age of fifteen he was 
a fifer in the revolutionary army and at the 
battle of Harlem received a severe wound that 
was nearly fatal from a musket ball in his 
back above the hip. But he recovered and 
served again later in the war. The records 
show that Asa Packard, of Chesterfield and 
Bridgewater, was a fifer in Captain Robert 
Webster's company of militiamen. General 
Pomeroy's regiment, in the Lexington .Alarm. 
xApril 21, 1775, and that he continued in this 
company through the summer under Colonel 
John Fellows to October 8, 1775. He is 
known to have served, as stated, in 1776. He 
was in Captain Nathan Packard's company. 
Colonel Eliphalet Gary's regiment, in the sum- 
mer of 1780 in Rhode Island; also in the 
Tenth Company, of Plymouth county, and his 
service is reported as eight months 
at Roxbury, twelve months at York, 
fifteen days at Bedford and five days 
in Rhode Island (Mass. Soldiers and 
Sailors in Rev.). He graduated from Har- 
vard College in 1783 and became a minister at 
Marlborough, Massachusetts, March 23, 1785. 
He continued there until the church and so- 
ciety were dissolved and was dismissed at his 
own request. In 1808, two years later, he was 
settled over the west or seceding parish and 
stayed there until May 12, 1819. He then re- 
moved to Lancaster, Alassachusetts, where he 
lived until his death, March 20, 1843, ^S^^ 
eighty-five years. He fell dead while listening 
to a letter from his brother, having been in 
his usual good health to the very end of life. 

He married Nancy, daughter of Josiah 
Quincy, of the famous old Braintree family of 
that surname. She died February 3. 1844, aged 
eighty years. Children : Ann Marsh, born Au- 
gust 7, 1791, died June 6, 1796: Elizabeth 
Quincy, November 2, 1792, died in 1816; 



NEW ENGLAND. 



123 



Frederick Adolphus, mentioned below ; Asa, 
January 24, 1796, married Lydia Blake, of 
Shrewsbury, and died in 1851 ; xAnn Marsh, 
March 17, 1798, married James G. Carter, and 
died December 15, 1853; Ruth Freeman, 
March 22, 1800, married, April 12, 1831, Rev. 
George Trask. 

(VI) Frederick Adolphus, son of Rev. Asa 
Packard, was born at Marlborough, Massachu- 
setts, September 26, 1794, died November 11, 
1867. He graduated from Harvard College 
in the class of 1814 and studied law. After he 
was admitted to the bar he settled in general 
practice at Springfield, Massachusetts. He rep- 
resented that town in the general court in 1828. 
In 1829 he removed to Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and became editor of the American Sun- 
day School Union publications. He received 
the degree of LL. D. from Princeton Univer- 
sity. He married. May 5, 1822, Elizabeth 
Dwight, born February 16, 1798, died at Phil- 
adelphia, July 5, 1862, daughter of Hon. John 
and Sarah (Dwight) Hooker, descendant of 
several of the leading families of that section 
(see Hooker VHI). Children: i. John 
Hooker, died in infancy. 2. Frederick, born 
at Springfield, July 24, 1828; a lawyer at Ap- 
pleton, Wisconsin ; died at Philadelphia, July 
18, 1862; married, November 2, 1852, Ellen 
Louisa, daughter of Isaac and Susan (Mitch- 
ell) Hall. 3. Mary Hooker, born at Philadel- 
phia, August 30, 1830; married, April 12, 
1854, Samuel Clarke Perkins, son of Samuel 
Huntington and Mary (Donnell) Perkins. 4. 
John Hooker, mentioned below. 5. Lewis 
Richard, born at Philadelphia, August 22, 
1836; graduated from Yale in 1856, Ph. D., 
studied for the ministry, but gave it up, was 
tutor, then assistant professor, and finally 
Hillhouse Professor of Greek in Yale; 
director of the American Archaeological School 
at Athens. 1883-84; died October 26, 1884, at 
New Haven ; married, December 29, 1870, 
Harriet Moore Storrs. 

(VII) Dr. John Hooker Packard, son of 
Frederick Adolphus Packard, was born at 
Philadelphia. August 15, 1832. He was grad- 
uated from the University of Pennsylvania in 
1850 and from his alma mater received the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1853. He 
was resident physician of the Pennsylvania 
Hospital in 1856, and in general practice in 
Philadelphia until the time of his death. May 
21, 1907. He was a member of the County, 
State and National Medical Societies. He was 
demonstrator of anatomy in the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1862-63 : acting assistant sur- 
geon in the United States army in the service 
during the civil war, 1861-65 ; surgeon to the 
Episcopal Hospital, 1863-84; surgeon to the 



Women's Hospital in 1876-77, and to the 
Pennsylvania Hospital from 1884 to 1896. He 
wrote on many medical and surgical subjects 
for medical journals from time to time. He 
was the author of books on "Minor Surgery," 
"Lectures on Inflammation," "Operative Sur- 
gery." He translated into English "Malgaigne 
on Fractures." I'rom 1S68 to 1871 he was 
editor of the Medical Directory of Philadel- 
phia. He retired from active practice several 
years before he died. 

He married, June 3, 1858, Elizabeth Wood, 
born at Philadelphia, May 2. 1835. died March 
II, 1897. in that city, daughter of Charles Stu- 
art and Juliana ( Fitz Randolph) Wood. Chil- 
dren, born in Philadelphia: I. Elizabeth 
Dwight. April 6. 1859. 2. Charles Stuart 
Wood, mentioned below. 3. Frederic .Adol- 
phus, mentioned below. 4. John Hooker, born 
May 9, 1865 ; married, June 15. 1889, Agnes, 
born July 7, 1868. daughter of Richard A. and 
Susan Price (Toland) Tilghman ; children : 
Joan Hooker, born December 24, 1890, and 
John Francis Randolph, June, 1893. 5. Francis 
Randolph, mentioned below. 6. George Ran- 
dolph, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Charles Stuart Wood, son of Dr. 
John Hooker Packard, was born in Philadel- 
phia, June 2, i860. He attended the public 
schools and prepared for college at Rugby 
Academy. He was a student in the University 
of Pennsylvania, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1880 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. After leaving college he became secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Philadelphia Ware- 
house Company. After four years in this po- 
sition he became treasurer of the Washing- 
ton Manufacturing Company in 1886 and con- 
tinued there until 1892. Since then he has 
been with the Pennsylvania Company for In- 
surances on Lives and Granting Annuities, as 
auditor in 1892-93. treasurer, 1893-99. and 
president and director since 1899. He is an 
officer of various other insurance and financial 
corporations, director of the Farmers' & Me- 
chanics' National Bank, of the Insurance 
Company of North America, of the Philadel- 
phia Savings Fund Society, the Philadelphia 
Contributionship, the Penn Mutual Life_ In- 
surance Company, the Philadelphia Ware- 
house Company, the Fourth Street National 
Bank, the Franklin National Bank, the Ches- 
apeake & Delaware Canal Company, Lehigh 
Coal & Navigation Company, Westmoreland 
Coal Company, Philadelphia Rapid Transit 
Company. He has been a trustee of the Uni- 
versity or Pennsvlvania and director and treas- 
urer of the University .-\thletic Association. 
He is a member of the Philadelphia Club, the 
Racquet Club, the Rittenhouse Club, St. An- 



124 



NEW ENGLAND. 



thony's Club and the Country Club. In relig- 
ion he is an Episcopalian. His residence is at 
326 South Twenty-first street and De Lancey 
Place, and his office at 517 Chestnut street, 
Philadelphia. 

He married, April 14, 1882, Eliza Gilpin, 
bom February 18, i860, at Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia, daughter of Samuel and Maria (Will- 
iams) McLean, of Warrenton, Virginia. Chil- 
dren: I. Elizabeth Routh, born March 31, 
1883, died July 11, 1883. 2. John Hooker (3), 
April 4, 1884; married, October 8, 1907, Mil- 
dred, daughter of Edwin N. Benson, of Phil- 
adelphia. 

(Vni) Frederick Adolphus Packard, M. 
D., son of Dr. John Hooker Packard, was 
born November 17, 1862, died of typhoid 
fever, November i, 1902. He was graduated 
from the College Department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in 1882, and from the 
Medical School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1885. He graduated at the head of his 
class in medicine. After serving as resident phy- 
sician in the Hospital of the University of 
Pennsylvania and in the Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital, he practiced in Philadelphia. He was 
visiting physician to the Children's Hospital, 
the Episcopal Hospital, the Philadelphia Hos- 
pital and the Pennsylvania Hospital. He was 
a trustee of the University of Pennsylvania. 
He was also at one time or another president 
of the Philadelphia Pediatric Society and the 
Pathological Society, a member of the Asso- 
ciation of American Physicians and the Amer- 
ican Pediatric Society. He married, June i, 
1893, Katherine, daughter of Dr. Edward 
Shippen. 

(Vni) Francis Randolph, son of Dr. John 
Hooker Packard, was born in Philadelphia, 
March 23, 1870. He graduated from the Bio- 
logical School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1889, and from the Department of 
Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in 
1892. Served as resident physician at the 
Pennsylvania Hospital from 1893 to 1895. 
During the Spanish-American war he was 
commissioned as lieutenant and assistant sur- 
geon of Second Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry. Since 1899 Dr. Packard has devoted 
himself e.xclusively to the practice of diseases 
of the nose, throat and ear. He is a member 
of the American Laryngological, Rhinological 
and Otological Society, the American Medical 
Association and the College of Physicians; 
chief to the Out-Patient Department for Dis- 
eases of the Nose, Throat and Ear at the 
Pennsylvania Hospital ; laryngologist to the 
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, the Bryn 
Mawr and Chestnut Hill Hospitals ; consulting 
aurist to the Pennsylvania Institution for the 



Deaf and Dumb; also lecturer on the His- 
tory of Medicine in the University of Penn- 
sylvania. From 1901 to 1906 Dr. Packard 
edited the American Journal of the Medical 
Sciences. He is the author of a History of 
Medicine in the United States, published by 
the J. B. Lippincott Company, 1901 ; a text 
book on Diseases of the Nose, Throat and 
Ear, of which several editions have been pub- 
lished. He is a member of the Philadelphia, 
University and Franklin Inn clubs, and lives 
at 304 South Nineteenth street, Philadelphia. 
He married (first) Christine Curwen, June i, 
1899, who died May 16, 1901, without issue. 
Married (second) Margaret Horstmann, Feb- 
ruary ID, 1906. They have three children: 
Margaret, bom February 26, 1907 ; Ann, May 
18, 1908: Elizabeth, April 25, 1912. 

(VIII) George Randolph, son of Dr. John 
Hooker Packard, was born September 25, 
1872. He has been engaged in the fire insur- 
ance business. He married, October 31, 1895, 
Elizabeth Wain Wistar, daughter of T. Wis- 
tar Brown. Children : Mary Farnum, born 
November 9, 1896; Elizabeth Wood, Decem- 
ber 25, 1897; Ruth, November 14, 1900; 
George Randolph Jr., November 17, 1905. 

(The Hooker Line). 

(VI) John (3) Hooker, son of Hon. John 
(2) Hooker (q. v.) was born March 6, 1695- 
96, at Farmington, died at Kensington, August 
3, 1766. He was a justice of the peace and a 
prominent and active man in the business of 
the town. He married, July 4, 1728, Mercy, 
(Mary), born at Kensington, September 29, 
1703, died there in 1782, daughter of Deacon 
Thomas and Mary (Thompson) Hart, of 
Kensington, Connecticut. Children, born at 
Kensington : John, mentioned below ; Seth, 
born De'cember 8, 1731 ; Ashbel, April 18, 
1737: Elijah, April 12, 1746. 

(VII) John (4), son of John (3) Hooker, 
was born at Kensington. March 19, 1729-30. 
He was graduated from Yale College in 1751. 
He was ordained at Northampton, Massachu- 
setts, December 5, 1753, and remained there 
for twenty-four years, until his death of small- 
pox, February 6, 1777. He married, Decem- 
ber 10, 1755. Sarah, born January 27, 1732, at 
Springfield, died at Northampton, April 5, 
1817. daughter of John and Mary (Pratt) 
Worthington, of Springfield. Children, born 
at Northampton: Mary, September 10, 1756; 
Sarah. January 30, 1757; Seth, October 26, 
1759: John, mentioned below; Lucy, baptized 
August 19, 1764, died June 30, 1766; William, 
November 26, 1766; Thomas, May 20, 1770; 
John Worthington, baptized April 12, 1772; 
Lucy, July 16, 1775. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



125 



(VIII) John (5), son of John (4) Hooker, 
was born at Northampton, August or October 
8, 1761, died at Springfield, March 7, 1829. 
He was graduated from Yale College in 1782. 
He settled at Springfield and became a lawyer 
and judge of the court of common pleas. He 
was a deacon of the First Congregational 
Church, and a member of A. B. C. F. M. He 
married, February 9, 1791, Sarah, daughter of 
Colonel Josiah and Elizabeth (Buckminster) 
Dwight, and died at Springfield, September 5, 
1842. Children, born at Springfield : John, De- 
cember 15, 1791; George, March 17, 1793; 
Sarah, October 16, 1795 ; Josiah, April 17, 
1797; Elizabeth Dwight, February 16, 1798, 
married Frederick Adolphus Packard (see 
Packard VI); Mary, September 14, 1799; 
Richard, July 15, 1801, died April 24, 1802; 
Clarissa, February 11, 1804, died October 8, 
1804; Worthington, March 13, 1806; Richard, 
April ID, 1808. 

William Sargent, progenitor 
SARGENT of the American family, was 

born in Exeter, England, in 
1610, and is said to have gone to the Barba- 
does with his father when he was quite young 
and to have been brought up there. He re- 
turned to England where, according to tradi- 
tion, he married Mary Epes against family op- 
position and we are told that she stole away 
from home in the habit of a milkmaid to be- 
come his wife, and that they left England and 
settled at Bridgetown, Barbadoes. The fact 
that Mary Epes was an ancestor of this fam- 
ily through the marriage of William Sargent 
Jr. tends to disprove the tradition, however. 
The name Epes doubtless comes into the Sar- 
gent family through the Duncan marriage. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) Sar- 
gent, was the American immigrant. He was 
bom at Bristol or Exeter, England, and went 
to Bridgetown, Barbadoes, with his parents. 
He appears first in New England at Gloucester 
and was called William Sargent (2) to dis- 
tinguish him from another William Sargent of 
that town. It is not known that they were re- 
lated. William Sargent (2) was a. mariner 
and owned a sloop. He had a grant of land of 
two acres in 1678 on Eastern Point and built 
his house there. He died prior to January, 
1707, and the probate records support the be- 
lief that he was lost at sea. He married, June 
21, 1676, Mary, daughter of Peter and Mary 
(Epes) Duncan (see Duncan II). She died 
February 28, 1724. Children: Fitz William, 
born January 6, 1678, died January 28, 1699; 
Peten May 27, 1680; Mary. December 29, 
1681; Daniel, October 31, 1685; Jordan, Jan- 
uary 22, 1687, died 1689; Epes, mentioned be- 



low ; Ann, born August 6, 1692 ; Andrew, Au- 
gust 21, 1693; Samuel, 1694, died October 11, 
1699; Fitz John, 1696, died January 20, 1697'; 
Machani, .\pril 9, 1699, died same day; Jabez, 
January 30, 1700, died next day; Fitz William, 
October 21, 1701 ; Winthrop, March 11, 1703. 

(Ill) Colonel Epes Sargent, son of William 
(2) and Mary (Duncan) Sargent, was born 
July 12, 1690, died of small-pox, December 6, 
1762, aged seventy-two years, was buried in 
Gloucester. He was a prominent citizen, a 
wealthy merchant, for several years one of the 
magistrates, deputy to the general court in 
1744. After his second marriage he removed 
to Salem and was active in town and military 
affairs; colonel of his regiment, justice of the 
general sessions and held other offices of trust 
and honor. 

Colonel Sargent married (first), .\pril i, 
1720, Esther, bom July i, 1701, died July i, 
1743, daughter of Florence and Elizabeth 
Maccarty. Her father was a butcher by trade, 
was one of the founders of the first Protestant 
Episcopal church in New England. Colonel 
Sargent married (second), August 10, 1744, 
Catherine Brown, of Salem, Massachusetts, 
widow of Samuel Brown, who was born April 
7, 1709, and graduated from Harvard College 
in 1727. She was a daughter of John Win- 
throp, granddaughter of Waitstill Winthrop, 
great-granddaughter of Fitz John Winthrop, 
who was governor of Connecticut. Governor 
Fitz John Winthrop was a son of Governor 
John Winthrop, of Connecticut, and grandson 
of Governor John Winthrop, the first gover- 
nor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Children 
by first wife : i. Epes, bom February 27, 1721 ; 
was a loyalist in the revolution ; removed to 
Boston and thence to Nova Scotia ; married 
Catherine Osbom. 2. Esther, September 20, 
1722. 3. Ignatius, July 27, 1724. 4. Thomas, 
April, 1726. died April 24, 1727. 5. Winthrop, 
mentioned below. 6. Sarah, .August 6, 1729. 7. 
Daniel, March 18, 1731, died in Boston, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1806; a successful merchant: father 
of Henry Sargent, a famous painter, and of 
five other prominent men. 8. William, June, 
1733, died 1736. 9. Benjamin, October 18, 
1736. 10. Mary Ann. December i, 1740, prob- 
ably died young. Children by second wife: 11. 
Paul Dudley, born in 1745 in Gloucester; 
colonel in the .American army in the revolu- 
tion; afterward a farmer at Sullivan, Maine. 
and represented that town in the general court. 
was judge of probate, of common pleas, and 
held other offices under the state and federal 
government: died September 5, 1827. 12. John, 
December 24, 1749; was also a loyalist and re- 
moved to Nova Scotia. 13. Catherine, died in 
infancy. 14. Ann, died young. 15. Mary. 



126 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(IV) Winthrop, son of Colonel Epes and 
Esther (Maccarty) Sargent, was born in 
Gloucester, March 6, 1727, died there Decem- 
ber 3, 1793. He followed the sea and early in 
life became a master mariner and commanded 
a vessel. In later years he was a merchant. 
He was an officer in a sloop-of-war at the tak- 
ing of Breton in 1745 by Admiral Warren and 
General Pepperell. He was a patriot during 
the revolution, one of the committee of safety 
of Gloucester in 1775 and government agent 
on Cape Ann throughout the war. In 1778 
he was a delegate to the state convention to 
ratify the federal constitution. He was a par- 
ishioner of Rev. John Murray, of Gloucester, 
and one of his warm friends and supporters. 
We are told that he was "much respected for 
general benevolence." He married Judith, bom 
September 25, 1731, in Gloucester, died July i, 
1793, daughter of Thomas and Judith (Robin- 
son) Saunders, granddaughter of Captain An- 
drew Robinson, of Gloucester. Her father, 
Thomas Saunders, was lieutenant of the ship, 
"Merry Making," in 1725, and for many years 
was in the service of the province in command 
of a government vessel. On one voyage he 
was taken prisoner by the French and Indians, 
but made his escape, taking with him a bag of 
the enemy's gold containing about $200. 
Thomas Saunders, father of Thomas Saun- 
ders, appears in the records of Cape Ann as 
early as 1702, and in 1704 was granted an acre 
of land between the head of the harbor and 
Cripple Cove; in 1706 he was granted some 
flat land on the shore for his business as ship- 
builder, and in 1725 he commanded the ship 
"Merry Making," of which his son was lieu- 
tenant. Children, born in Gloucester: i. Judith, 
May 5, 1751, died in 1821 ; married (first), Oc- 
tober 3, 1769, John Stevens, who died March 
8. 1786, and (second) John Murray, by whom 
she had Julia Maria Murray. 2. Winthrop, 
May I, 1753, died at New Orleans, June 3, 
1820; commanded a company in Colonel 
Crane's regiment in the revolution and took 
part in the battles of Trenton, Brandywine and 
others; was major, adjutant-general after the 
war and fought against the Indians under 
Pontiac ; was governor of the Northwest Ter- 
ritory ; in 1796 was appointed governor of 
Mississippi and made his home near Natchez 
until his death ; also charter member of the 
Order of Cincinnati, certificate of membership 
dated October 31, 1786, ten years after the in- 
dependence of the United States. 3. Esther, 
May I, 1753, died November 30, 181 1; mar- 
ried John Stevens Ellery ; children : John Ste- 
vens Ellery, Sarah Ellery, who married Igna- 
tius Sargent. 4. Catherine, July 5, 1758, died 
June 15, 1759. 6. Sarah, July 12, 1765, died 



September 6, 1766. 7. Fitz William, men- 
tioned below. 8. Sarah, December 3, 1771, 
died October 5, 1775. 

(V) Fitz William, son of Winthrop and 
Judith (Saunders) Sargent, was born at 
Gloucester, August 14, 1768, died at Newton 
Massachusetts, October 6, 1822. He was a 
prudent and enterprising merchant in Glouces- 
ter, but was for many years a sufferer from 
rheumatism. He married, September 3, 1789, 
Anna, who died .August 5, i860, aged ninetv- 
one years, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 
(Sawyer) Parsons (see Parsons IV). Chil- 
dren: I. Anna Maria, born July 11, 1790, died 
August 27, 1794. 2. Winthrop, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Sarah, September 24, 1793; married, 
January 2, 1817, Samuel Worcester (see 
Worcester VII). 4. Judith, April 12, 1795; 
married (first) David Williams, who died 
May, 1821, and (second). May 6, 1824, David 
Worcester, who died July 25, 1845. 5. Juliana, 
March 2~, 1797, died April 5, 1842; married, 
December 19, 1820, Edward B. Babbitt. 6. 
Fitz William, December 18, 1799, died Octo- 
ber 23, 1818. 7. Thomas Parsons, September 
24, 1801, died September 26, 1801. 8. Mary, 
July 4, 1806, died aged ninety-two years. 

(VI) Winthrop (2), son of Fitz William 
and Anna (Parsons) Sargent, was born at 
Gloucester, January 20, 1792. He succeeded 
his father in business and was known as the 
"Gloucester merchant." In 1829 he removed 
to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was rep- 
resentative from Gloucester to the general 
court in 1823. In Philadelphia he became ac- 
tive in the Presbyterian Board of Foreign 
Missions and in church work. He continued 
to live in Philadelphia until his death, except 
for a few years spent in Byfield parish, New- 
bury, Massachusetts, at the home of his son, 
Gorham Parsons Sargent. He married. May 
17, 1814, Emily Haskell, of Gloucester. Chil- 
dren: I. Anna Maria, born June 6, 1815 ; mar- 
ried, November 22, 1848, Moses .Allen Lowe; 
children: Eliza, married Waldo B. Smith; 
Lucy, Winthrop, David L. and Anna. 2. 
Emily, April 6, 1817; married. September 19, 
1841, Henry Pleasants, M. D. ; children: Mary 
Haskell, born August 2, 1842, died September 
10, 1843; Israel, October 2, 1843, died Novem- 
ber 27, 1847; Emily Sargent. September 15, 
1845; Sally, December 30, 1848; Elizabeth 
Byrd, July 10, 1851 ; Henry, September 12, 
1853. 3. Fitz William, January 19, 1820; a 
physician; married, November 27, 1850, Mary 
Newbold Singer ; children : Mary Newbold, 
born May 3, 1852. died July. 1853; John Sin- 
ger, January 12, 1856; the artist now residing 
in London: Emily. January 29, 1857; Mary 
Winthrop, 1865. 4. Winthrop. mentioned be- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



127 



low. 5. Henry, June 2, 1825 ; married, Octo- 
ber, 1864, Sophie H. Malin. 6. John Haskell, 
February 8, 1828; married, June 2, 1853, 
Frances Eugenia Hall. 7. Thomas Parsons, 
July 19, 1830; married, December 13, 1854, 
Jane Elizabeth Goodall. 8. Gorham Parsons, 
December 10, 1834; married, January, 1865, 
Caroline B. Montmellin. 

(VH) Dr. Winthrop (3) Sargent, son of 
Winthrop (2) Sargent, was born in Glouces- 
ter, July 8, 1822, died in Roxbury (Boston), 
Massachusetts, March 16, 1896. He was grad- 
uated from Dartmouth College with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts in 1844, and studied his 
profession in the Medical School of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1847. 
He practiced medicine for several years in 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania, and in 
1855 located in Philadelphia, where he contin- 
ued to practice medicine and minor surgery, 
and there he took rank among the most suc- 
cessful physicians of his day. In 1862 Dr. 
Sargent was surgeon-in-chief of the United 
States Military Hospital at Kingsessing, and 
later in the civil war was a contract army sur- 
geon. He was a member of the American 
Medical Association, the Medical Society of 
the State of Pennsylvania and served as its re- 
cording secretary and corresponding secretary, 
one of the founders, secretary and president 
of the Montgomery County Medical Society, 
member and for several years censor of the 
Philadelphia County Medical Society, fellow 
of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
Philadelphia. He married (first), in Philadel- 
phia, November 16, 1847, Elizabeth Browne, 
born August 6, 1822, died April 25, 1864. He 
married (second), November 7, 1876, Anna C. 
Caldwell, born in New Orleans in 1836. daugh- 
ter of William W. and Jane (Wheelwright) 
Caldwell, of Newburyport, Massachusetts. 
Children, all by first wife: i. Samuel Browne, 
born December 13, 1848. 2. Winthrop, men- 
tioned below. 3. Jane Tunis, January 28. 1856; 
married Edward Worcester. 4. Fitz William, 
January 4, 1859; married (first) Kate E. 
Cowdrey, October 6, 1886, died October 27, 
1891, and (second) Hattie Barnes, October i, 
1894. 5. Katie, May 15, 1862, died May 25, 
1862. 6. Elizabeth Browne, October 26, 1863. 
died April 10, 1890; married Theodore Wor- 
cester, January 15, 1890. 

(VH'I) Winthrop (4), son of Dr. Win- 
throp (3) Sargent, was born in Gwynedd, 
Montgomery county, Pennsylvania. x\ugust 18. 
1853. He was educated in public and private 
academies. He was engaged in various enter- 
prises, and in his younger days was on the 
ofifice force of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany, stationed at Altoona, Pennsylvania. His 



time in later years has been given largely to 
real estate ^nd the management of property. 
In 191 1 was appointed by Governor Tener a 
member of The Chestnut Tree Blight Com- 
mission. His office is in the Real Estate Trust 
Building in Philadelphia. His home is at Hav- 
erford, a suburb of Philadelphia, and he has 
also a summer residence at Bass Rocks, 
Gloucester, the ancient home of the Sargent 
family. He is a member of Merion Cricket 
Club of Haverford, Philadelphia Country 
Club, Radnor Hunt Club, Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania, Union League of Philadel- 
phia, Racquet Club of Philadelphia, the En- 
gineers' Club of New York and Essex County 
Club of Manchester, Massachusetts. 

He married, October 20, 1886, Emma, born 
January 25. 1861, in Maine, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel Howard and Elizabeth Ann (Scott) 
Worcester (see Worcester VIII). Children: 
I. Winthrop, born August 21, 1887, Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts: a graduate of Haver- 
ford College, 1908, with honors ; obtained the 
degree of M. A. at Harvard University, 1909; 
married, July 6, 1910, Frances Rotan ; child. 
Winthrop, bom July 12, 191 1. 2. Samuel 
Worcester, April 13, i88g, at Philadelphia; 
graduate of Harvard University, June. 191 1; 
married, June 5, 191 1, Marion Bigelow. 3. 
Gorham Parsons, August 18, 1891, at Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts; class of 1914, Dart- 
mouth College. 4. Fitzwilliam, October 10. 
1892, at Bridgewater, Massachusetts; class of 
1914, Harvard University. 5. Richard Milne, 
January 6, 1899, died January 9 of that year. 

(The Duncan Line). 

(I) Captain Nathaniel Duncan, immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England, and was one 
of the original church colony which came in 
1630. He was a merchant and a person of 
some distinction as shown by the title "Mr." 
which was at that time reserved for clerg}'men, 
scholars and men of high standing. He came 
to America in the sloop, "Mary and John." 
He was admitted a freeman of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony, May 6, 1635. He was one of the 
seven signers of the second church covenant in 
1636. He held the offices of selectman, 
auditor and deputy to the general court. He 
removed to Boston and was received with his 
wife in the Boston church. March 7. 1646. 
We are told that he was "learned in Latin and 
French : a very g(X)d accountant." "My son 
Nathaniel Duncan and his children are lega- 
tees in the will of Ignatius Jordan (Jurdaine), 
of E.xeter. England. March i. 1635;" and from 
this fact it is presumed that Duncan's wife 
Elizabeth was a daughter of Ignatius Jordan. 
He was lieutenant of the first company in Dor- 



128 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Chester, 1636, afterward captain. He became 
auditor general for the county. • Nathaniel 
Duncan died in 1668 and the inventory of his 
estate was filed January 26, 1668, by James 
Trowbridge, administrator. Children: Na- 
thaniel, member of the Boston Artillery Com- 
pany in 1642; Peter, mentioned below. 

(II) Peter, son of Captain Nathaniel Dun- 
can, was born about 1630 in England or soon 
after coming to New England. He was a 
member of the Boston Artillery Company in 
1654. He removed to Gloucester, Massachu- 
setts. He married Mary Epes, daughter of 
the widow,' Martha Epes (who was second or 
third wife of Samuel Symonds, Esq., of Ips- 
wich). Children: Mary, married William 
Sargent (see Sargent II) ; Martha, born No- 
vember 10, 1655 ; Elizabeth, February 28, 
1657, died young; Elizabeth, August 30, 1661 ; 
Ruth, July 27, 1663 ; Peter, November 2, 1665 ; 
Priscilla, January 9, 1667; Margery, January 
8, 1670; Daniel, May 19, 1672. 

(The Parsons Line). 

The name of Parsons, which is very ancient, 
is recorded in various counties of England and 
Ireland. In 1290 Walter Parsons lived at 
Mulso, Ireland, where some of the family 
owned and still own the castle of Ross and 
were viscounts and earls of Ross. Sir John 
Parsons was mayor of Hereford in 1481. In 
1546 Robert Parsons, a famous Jesuit, lived 
at Bridgewater, was educated at Oxford, had 
to flee from the country because of religion, 
founded an English college at Rome and was 
well known as a writer. Charles I., in 1634, 
knighted Thomas Parsons,, a royalist. Sir 
John and Sir Humphrey Parsons were lord 
mayors of London in 1704-31-40. The coat-of- 
arms which is entitled to be used by the 
American branch of the family, and which was 
granted Sir Thomas Parsons, is as follows : 
Gules two chevrons ermine, between three 
eagles displayed or. Crest: An eagle's leg 
erased at the thigh, standing on a leopard's 
head — gules. 

(I) Benjamin Parsons, immigrant ances- 
tor, came to America with his older brother, 
"Cornet" Joseph Parsons, sailing from 
Gravesend, England, for Boston in the 
"Transport," July 4, 1635. He was one of the 
first settlers at Springfield, Massachusetts in 
1639, and was a prominent citizen there. He 
was a deacon of the church, and held many 
important town offices. He married (first) 
Sarah, daughter of Richard Vore, of Wind- 
sor, Connecticut ; Richard Vore was a member 
of Rev. John Warham's church, and came 
with him to Windsor in 1635. She died in 
Springfield, January i, 1676. He married 



(second), February 21, 1677, Sarah, widow of 
John Leonard, and she died in 1690. He died 
in Springfield, August 24, 1689. Children by 
first wife: Sarah, born August 18, 1656; Ben- 
jamin, September 15, 1658; Mary, December 
10, 1660, died January 27, 1662; Abigail, Jan- 
uary 6, 1662; Samuel, October 10, 1666; Eben- 
ezer, mentioned below; Mary, December 17, 
1670; Hezekiah, November 24, 1673; Joseph, 
December, 1675. 

(II) Ebenezer, son of Benjamin Parsons, 
was born in Springfield, November 17, 1668. 
He was a deacon of the church in West 
Springfield for fifty-two years and highly re- 
spected. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Samuel and Katherine Marshfield, who came 
from E.xeter, England, with Rev. John War- 
ham and settled in Windsor, Connecticut. 
Children: Ebenezer, born January 12, 1691 ; 
Margaret, September 19, 1693 ; Jonathan, July 
16, 1695, drowned July i, 1703; Benjamin, De- 
cember 15, 1696; Caleb, December 27, 1699; 
Sarah, February 4, 1703; Jonathan, mentioned 
below; Abigail, October 21, 1708; Katherine, 
October 16, 171 5. 

(III) Rev. Jonathan Parsons, son of Eben- 
ezer Parsons, was born in West Springfield, 
November 30, 1705, died there July 19, 1776. 
He was graduated from Yale College in 1729, 
and then studied theology with Rev. Elisha 
Williams, president of Yale College, and with 
Rev. Jonathan Edwards, of Northampton, 
Massachusetts. He was ordained minister at 
Lyme, Connecticut, March 17, 1730. In 1746 
he moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts, and 
officiated as minister of the church there until 
his death ; he was buried in the tomb by the 
side of Rev. George Whitfield, who had died 
at his house not long before. He was one of 
the famous preachers of his day, and published 
two volumes of his sermons, besides several 
occasional and other sermons in pamphlet. He 
married (first), December 14, 1731, Phebe, 
daughter of John Griswold, of Lyme, Con- 
necticut, and sister of Governor Matthew 
Griswold. She died December 26, 1770. He 
married (second) Lydia Clarkson, widow of 
Andrew Clarkson, of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. She tiied April 30, 1778. Chil- 
dren by first wife : Marshfield, born 1733 ; Jon- 
athan, 1735; Samuel, 1737; Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Phebe, 1748; Lucia, 1752; 
Lydia, 1755. Rev. Jonathan Parsons had thir- 
teen children, but six of them died in infancy. 

(IV) Thomas, son of Rev. Jonathan Par- 
sons, was born in Lyme, Connecticut. .A-pril 28, 
1739. He was a mariner, living at Newbury- 
port, Massachusetts, and although he was re- 
ported as missing it is believed that he was 
murdered while on board his ship, in Febru- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



129 



ary, 1772. He married (first) Mary Gibson. 
He married (second) Sarah Sawyer, of New- 
bury, Massachusetts ; she was born March 25, 
1740, daughter of Enoch Sawyer, who was 
born June 22, 1694, died at Newbury, Novem- 
ber 15, 1771 ; he was a physician of great abil- 
ity ; he married Sarah Pierpont, born in Read- 
ing, Massachusetts, October 3, 1697, died 1773, 
daughter of Rev. John Pierpont. Child by 
first wife: Jonathan Gibson. Children by sec- 
ond wife: Sarah, married Gorham Parsons; 
Anna, married Fitz William Sargent (see Sar- 
gent V) ; Mary, married Ignatius Sargent. 

(The Worcester Line). 

(I) William Worcester, immigrant ances- 
tor, came from England and was pastor of the 
first church in Salisbury, Massachusetts, some 
time in 1638 and 1640. He died there October 

28, 1662. He married (first) Sarah , who 

died at Salisbury, April 23, 1650. He married 
(second), July 2;^, 1650, Mrs. Rebecca Hall, 
who died at Ipswich, Massachusetts, February 
21, 1695, widow of Henry Bylie, John Hall 
and William Worcester ; her fourth husband 
was Samuel Symonds, deputy governor of the 
colony. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Worcester, 
was bom in England, lived in Salisbury and 
Bradford, Massachusetts, died February 20, 
1680-81. He was in business in Towley as 
"partner in a sawmill." He married, Novem- 
ber 29, 1659, Elizabeth, daughter of Francis 
Parrott, of Rowley, born May i, 1640. 

(III) Francfs, son of Samuel Worcester, 
was born in Rowley, later Bradford, died De- 
cember 17, 171 7. He was an innholder and 
yeoman there. He married, January 29, 1690- 
91, Mary, daughter of Peter Cheney, of New- 
bury, born September 2, 1671 ; she married 
(second), December 8, 1726, Joseph Eaton, of 
Salisbury. 

(IV) Francis (2), son of Francis (i) Wor- 
cester, was born in Bradford, June 7, 16^, 
where he lived until 1722, and then lived in 
Concord and Littleton ; he was a blacksmith. 
He then preached in Box ford and was or- 
dained at Sandwich in 1735. He then moved 
to Exeter, New Hampshire, and from there 
to Plaistow, New Hampshire, and in 1750 to 
Hollis, New Hampshire. He married (first), 
April 18, 1720, Abigail Carlton, of Rowley, 
who died July 25, 1774, aged seventy-eight. 
He married (second) Mrs. Martin. He died 
October 14, 1783. 

(V) Noah, son of Francis (2) Worcester, 
was born in Sandwich. October 4, 1735. He 
lived in his father's home until his death at 
Hollis, August 13, 1817. He was an officer 
in the revolution. He married (first), Febru- 

1—9 



ary 22, 1757, Lydia, daughter of Abraham Ty- 
ler, of Hollis, born October 1 1, 1733, died July 
6, 1772. He married (second), September 29, 
1772, Hepzibah Sherwin, born in Box ford, 
April 30, 1746, died July 2, 1831. 

(VI) Noah (2) Worcester, D. D., son of 
Noah (i) Worcester, was born in Hollis, No- 
vember 25, 1758, died in Brighton, October 31, 
1837. He served in the revolution as filer and 
fife major. He lived in Plymouth and Thorn- 
ton, New Hampshire. He was a shoemaker, 
teacher and preacher, being licensed in 1786, 
and preached at Thornton and Salisbury, New 
Hampshire; in May, 1813, he moved to 
Brighton, Massachusetts, becoming editor of a 
new periodical, the Christian Disciple. In 
1791 he received an A. M. from Dartmouth 
College, and in 1818 the degree D. D. from 
Harvard College. He married (first), Novem- 
ber 25, 1779, Hannah, daughter of Moses 
Brown, of Newburyport, born May 6, 1760, 
died November 16, 1797. He married (sec- 
ond). May 23, 1798, Hannah, daughter of 
Jeremiah Huntington, of Norwich. Connecti- 
cut, born March 24, 1764, died January 16, 
1832. 

(VII) Samuel (2), son of Noah (2) Wor- 
cester, D. D., was born in Thornton, New 
Hampshire, August 31, 1793, died in Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts, December 25, 1844. He 
was pastor of the New Jerusalem Church, 
Bridgewater, Massachusetts. He published 
several valuable school books. He married, 
January 2, 1817, Sarah, daughter of Fitz Will- 
iam Sargent, of Gloucester, Massachusetts, 
born September 24, 1793 (see Sargent V). 

(VIII) Samuel Howard, son of Samuel (2) 
Worcester, was born in Gloucester, Massachu- 
setts, February 16, 1824. He lived in Cam- 
bridgeport and Bridgewater. He was a stu- 
dent at Brown University, from which he re- 
ceived degrees of B. A. and M. A. He was a 
teacher at the academy at Framingham, Mas- 
sachusetts, and was pastor of the New Jeru- 
salem Church in Baltimore, Maryland. He 
married (first), September 22, 1844, Jane 
Ames, daughter of Calvin Washburn, of 
Bridgewater, born March 9, 1821. died De- 
cember 7, 1854. He married (second), Octo- 
ber II, 1855, Elizabeth Ann, daughter of 
Townsend B. Scott, of Baltimore. Emma, 
child of second wife, married Winthrop Sar- 
gent (see Sargent VIII). 

The Clark family located at 

CLARK Portsmouth. New Hampshire, at 

an early date. Judging from the 

names they were closely related to the Clarks 

of Haverhill and vicinity, but no proof of the 

relationship has been found. There were also 



130 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Clarks at Kittery, Maine, an adjacent town. 
Edward Clark had land assigned to him at 
Portsmouth, October 19, 1659. He was 
drowned June 17, 1675. He left a widow, 
Mary, and two children, John and Sarah, by 
his first wife. By his second wife he had 
three young children whose names are not 
given. John Clark, probably a relative of Ed- 
ward Clark, believed to be a brother, was in 
Portsmouth, according to the town records, as 
early as February 4, 1660. His will was dated 
April 25, 1700, proved February 4, 1701, be- 
queathing to sons, Jacob and Joseph. 

(I) Josiah Clark, born 1650 or earlier, 
doubtless in England, was of age in 1671, when 
with Samuel Clark, both in John Hunking's 
division, he subscribed to the fund for the sup- 
port of Mr. Moody, the minister. Samuel, Jo- 
siah, John and Edward were very likely 
brothers. Nothing further is found on the 
records of Samuel and Josiah (p. 12, vol. I, 
"New Hampshire Gen. Recorder"). 

(H) Josiah (2), son of Josiah (i) Clark, 
was born about 1685, probably at Portsmouth, 
but the vital records are incomplete. He mar- 
ried, April 21, 1715, at Portsmouth, Mary 
Wingate (p. 43, vol. V, "New Hampshire Gen. 
Recorder"). Josiah Clark joined the North 
Church, Portsmouth, July, 1715, with wife 
Mary. Children: Josiah, mentioned below; 
John, married, November 26, 1747, at New- 
ington, Abigail Peverly, and had at Ports- 
mouth, Elizabeth, baptized November 27, 
1748; probably other children, including An- 
drew, who married Mary , and had 

William and Mary, baptized December 7, 
1735, at Portsmouth. 

(HI) Josiah (3), son of Josiah (2) Clark, 
was born about 1720-25. He married, January 
14, 1748, at Newington, New Hampshire, 
Mary, daughter of Josiah and Abigail (Nel- 
son) Moses, of Portsmouth, born April 9, 
1724 (p. 175, vol. n, "New Hampshire Gen. 
Records"). Both were of Portsmouth. Chil- 
dren of Josiah and Abigail Clark, born at 
Portsmouth: John, baptized December 25, 
1748; Josiah, baptized July 29, 1750; Andrew, 
mentioned below (pp. 87, 89. 91, "New Hamp- 
shire Gen. Records"). 

(IV) Andrew, son of Josiah (3) Clark, was 
baptized at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
April 15, 1753, at the North Church. He was 
a member of the South Church, Portsmouth. 
He had a son And'-ew, mentioned below. 

(V) Captain Andrew (2) Clark, son of An- 
drew (i) Clark, was baptized at the South 
Church, Portsmouth, March 26. 1780. He 
followed the sea, became a master mariner 
and was lost at sea about 1815. His will was 
proved July 17, 1816. He bought his house 



at Portsmouth by deed dated March 17, 1810. 
He married, about 1805, Phebe Ann Pearce 
Roach, bom February i6, 1784, daughter of 
Captain Thomas and Phebe (Pearce) Roach, 
granddaughter of Captain William and Mary 
(Buss) Pearce. Captain William Pearce mar- 
ried at Portsmouth. March 28, 1763, Mary 
Buss, and they had Phebe, bom in 1766; Anne, 
1767, and Elizabeth, 1768. Captain Pearce 
married (first), January 4, 1755. Phebe 
Haines. Mary (Buss) Pearce died in July, 
1788, aged fifty-four. Captain Thomas 
Roach died November 4, 1824: he ran away 
from school, according to family history, and 
was found on board Captain Pearce's vessel 
after it left Calais, France. It is related that 
Captain Pearce wrote to the boy's people, and 
that they answered that as he had run away 
he could stay where he was, and he became a 
seaman, and finally mate under Captain 
Pearce and married his daughter. He was 
afterward master mariner himself and a ship- 
owner. Captain Roach was an open-hearted, 
hospitable man of gentlemanly tastes, of con- 
siderable wealth. He owned a slave Dinah 
who married a slave of Captain Pearce ; they 
lived in a little house at the rear of Captain 
Roach's house, which was at the corner of 
Daniel street and South, now Chapel, street. 
In 1810 Captain Roach sold his house or part 
of it to his son-in-law, Andrew Clark, for 
$1,300. having in 1808 bought a farm at New- 
ington, about three miles from Portsmouth. 
A brother of Captain Roach came from 
France and visited him at Newington, where 
Captain Roach lived the life of a gentleman, 
entertaining much, especially the sea captains 
in port at Portsmouth. His gravestone is in 
the family cemetery on his farm. Among the 
French Spoliation Claims was one of $700 
for the loss of Captain Roach's vessel, "The 
Two Sisters." Children of Captain Andrew (2) 
and Phebe Ann (Pearce) Clark; Andrew Jr., 
born at Portsmouth, March 9. 1806; Joseph 
Stevens, mentioned below ; Mary Ann, bom 
August 9, 18 10. 

(VI) Joseph Stevens, son of Captain An- 
drew (2) Clark, was born at Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. August 13, 1808, died February 8, 
1877. He was educated in the state of 
Maine. He was an accountant by profession 
and afterward engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness. He resided at Mendon, Worcester 
county, and at Worcester. He married (first), 
name unknown; (second), August 12, 1851, 
at Mendon, Mercy Maria Aldrich, born at 
Mendon, January 26. 1824 (see Aldrich VI). 
Children, recorded in Worcester: Charles Ed- 
win, mentioned below; William Augustus, 
bom June 14, 1856; Lucinda Aldrich; Fred 




ifU'is Historical Fu.h Ca 




NEW ENGLAND. 



131 



W. ; Ella M. ; the last three named were born 
near Woonsocket. 

(VII) Charles Edwin, son of Joseph Ste- 
vens Clark, was born at Mendon, but recorded 
in Worcester, Massachusetts, April 23, 1854. 
His early childhood was spent in Worcester, 
whence the family removed to Woonsocket, 
Rhode Island, where he attended the public 
and high schools. His business career began in 
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, where he spent 
ten years in the woolen trade. In 1893 he be- 
came engaged in the dental manufacturing 
business, forming the Pennsylvania Dental 
Manufacturing Company, a corporation of 
which he is president and treasurer. In poli- 
tics Mr. Clark is a Republican and a member 
of the Union League Club. He attends the 
Presbyterian church and is a trustee of the 
Tabernacle Presbyterian Church. He is a 
member of the New England' Society of Phil- 
adelphia and Sons of the Revolution. His 
offices are at 1317 Sanson street, his home at 
41 15 Walnut street, Philadelphia, and his 
summer home is at Strafford, Pennsylvania. 

He married, February 13, 1880, Nancy 
Warner Skinner, born in Northampton, Mas- 
sachusetts. December 29, 1853, daughter of 
William and Nancy (Warner) Skinner, of 
Northampton. Her father was born in Lon- 
don, England ; her mother was of an old 
Hampshire county, Massachusetts, family. 
Children, born in Philadelphia: i. Raymond 
Skinner, born December 22. 1880; married, 
October 3, 191 1, Helen Ashton Burt, of 
Wheeling. West Virginia; he was a student at 
Harvard University from 1899 to 1901 ; since 
then has been with his uncle's firm, William 
Skinner & Sons, of New York. 2. Herbert 
Skinnc, born September 16, 1886; graduated 
from Harvard College in 1909 (A. B.). and 
since then has been associated in business with 
his father, living in Philadelphia. 3. Charles 
Edwin Jr., born August 12, 1887; graduated 
from Princeton class of 191 1, as civil en- 
gineer ; now employed by the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. 

(The Aldrlch Line). 

(I) George Aldrich, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in Derbyshire, England, about 1605, 
died at Mendon, Massachusetts. March i, 
1682. He was a tailor by trade. He sailed for 
America, November 6, 1631, and settled first 
in Dorchester, Massachusetts, becoming a 
member of the church there, with his wife 
Catherine, in 1636. ' He was admitted a free- 
man. December 7, 1636. From about 1640 to 
1663 he lived in Braintree, Massachusetts, and 
finallv settled in Mendon, where he was one 



of the first seven settlers, and here he lived 
the remainder of his life. He sold his place 
in Braintree, June 9, 1663, to Richard Thayer. 
His will, dated at Mendon, November 2, 1682, 
was proved April 26, 1683, and he bequeathed 
to his wife and children: Joseph, John, Jacob, 
Mary Bartlett, Mercy Randall and Martha 
Dunbar. He married, in England, September 
3, 1629, Catherine Seald, born in 1610, ac- 
cording to her deposition, June 18, 1670, when 
she gave her age as sixty years. She died at 
Mendon, January 11, 1691. Children: Abel; 
Joseph, born June 4, 1635; Mary, June i6, 
1637, died young; Meriam, June 29, 1639, died 
young; Experience, September 4, 1641, died 
December 2, 1641. Born in Braintree; John, 
April 2, 1644; Sarah, January 16, 1645; Peter, 
April 4, 1648; Mercy, June 17, 1650; Jacob, 
mentioned below ; Martha, July 7, 1656. 

(II) Jacob, son of George Aldrich, was 
born in Braintree, Massachusetts, February 
28, 1652, died at Mendon, October 22, 1695. 
He settled at Mendon and was a farmer, liv- 
ing on the old homestead. He married, No- 
vember 3, 1674, Huldah, born June 16, 1657, 
daughter of Ferdinand and Huldah (Hay- 
ward) Thayer, of Braintree. Children: Jacob, 
born May 8, 1676; Abel, January 27, 1678; 
Seth, July 6, 1679; Huldah, November 17, 
1680; Rachel, February 22, 1682, died Novem- 
ber 25, 1690; Sarah, October 24, 1683; David, 
May 23, 1685; Peter, October 17, 1686; John, 
November 27, 1688; Moses, mentioned below; 
Mercy, February 17. 1692, died March 18, 
1693; Rachel, December 2"], 1695. 

(HI) Moses, son of Jacob Aldrich, was 
born April i, 1691. He married, April 23, 
171 1, Hannah White, born December 9, 1691, 
daughter of Joseph and Lydia White, of Men- 
don. Children: Abigail, born September 18, 
1712; Mary, February 15, 1714; (jeorge, Jan- 
uary 13, 1715: Mercy, November 28, 1717; 
Robert, December 11, 1719; Lydia, October 
28, 1721 ; Thomas, February 24, 1723; Caleb, 
mentioned below; Luke, February 29, 1727; 
Alice, May 2, 1730; Moses. April 19, 1732; 
Aaron, January 23, 1733. 

(IV) Caleb, son of Moses Aldrich; was 
born January 13, 1725, died November 8, 
1809. He was a prominent man and held both 
town and state offices. He was a justice of 
common pleas from 1781 to 1787. He mar- 
ried, January i. 1747. Mary Arnold, born in 
1732, died in 1816. Children: Susannah, born 
November 25, 1748; Thomas, April 7, 1750; 
William, April 3, 1752; Hannah, February 2, 
1754; Naaman. mentioned below; Joel,' June 
2. 1758; Augustus. May g, 1760; Man,-, Sep- 
tember 8, 1763; Caleb, September 27. 1764; 



132 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Moses, March 15, 1767; Lydia, May 29, 1769; 
Arnold, August i, 1773. 

(V) Naaman, son of Caleb Aldrich, was 
born May 6, 1756, died October 19, 1824. He 
married, June 6, 1776, Mercy Arnold, bom 
August 4, 1757, died February 25, 1826, 
daughter of Stephen and Rachel (Arnold) Ar- 
nold. Children : Mark, born October 13, 1777; 
Luke, mentioned below; Lucy, July 25, 1782; 
John, January 20, 1785 ; Peleg, November 25, 
1787; Alpha, August 30, 1790; son, May 11, 
1793, died December 28, 1793; daughter, De- 
cember 13, 1794, died January 13, 1795; son, 
August 21, 1796, died October 18, 1796; 
Louis, February 18, 1799; Maria A., June 9, 
1802. 

(VI) Luke, son of Naaman Aldrich, was 
born March 22, 1780, died August 16, 1867. 
He married (first), April 23, 1800, Nancy 
Nichols, born about 1773, died March 24, 
1819, aged forty-six. He married (second), 
November 2^, 1820, Lucinda Thayer, born 
about 1 79 1, died February 6, 1859, daughter of 
Seth and Sarah (Holbrook) Thayer, of Mil- 
ford, Massachusetts (see Thayer VH). Chil- 
dren by first wife : Alercy, born May 19, 1801 ; 
Lucy, January 20, 1803 ; Stephen A., February 
17, 1805; Harriet, February 4, 1807; Eliza, 
May 12, 1809; Alpha, May 15, 1812. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Seth T., November i, 
1821 ; Mercy Maria, January 26, 1824, mar- 
ried Joseph Stevens Clark, died November 18, 
1902 (see Clark VI) ; Edwin R., July 25, 
1826; Benjamin F., May 2, 1828; Sarah Ann, 
April 3, 183 1 ; Moses, February 8, 1834. 

(The Thayer Line). 

(I) Thomas Thayer, immigrant ancestor, 
came from Thornbury, England, and settled 
in Braintree, Massachusetts, in 1630. He mar- 
ried Margery Wheeler, who died December 
II, 1672, and he died April, 1672. He was a 
shoemaker. His will was dated September 13, 
1665. Children : Thomas Jr., Ferdinando, 
mentioned below ; Shadrach. 

(II) Ferdinando, son of Thomas Thayer, 
was born in England. He settled in Mendon, 
Massachusetts, about 1668, where he had a 
large family, and where he died March 28, 
1713. He was in Mendon before King Philip's 
war, and his name was on the minutes of the 
first town meeting there, June, 1667, as select- 
man. He had a tract of land set off for him 
in January, 1674, as well as other lands also, 
and after the Indians burned the town, he re- 
turned again and took lands which included a 
forty-acre house lot. May 26, 1686. He mar- 
ried Huldah Hayward, of Braintree, and she 
died in Mendon, September i, 1690. Children, 
about half of them born in Braintree and the 



remainder in Mendon : Sarah, Huldah, Jona- 
than, mentioned below; David, died 1674; 
Naomi, Thomas, Samuel, Isaac, Josiah, Eben- 
ezer, Benjamin, David. 

(Ill) Jonathan, son of Ferdinando Thayer, 
was born March 18, 1658, and lived in Men- 
don. He married, June 22, 1679, Elizabeth 
French; she died October 3, 1703. 

(IV') Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) 
Thayer, was bom December 8, 1690, died 
April 2y, 1747. He married (first), in 1710, 
Sarah Bailey, and she died in 1712. He mar- 
ried (second), October i, 1714, Bethiah Chap- 
in, born in Medfield, Massachusetts, February 
16, 1693, died in 1734, daughter of Captain 
Seth Chapin, of Braintree, who was born Au- 
gust 4, 1668, and married Bethiah Thurston, 
March 25, 1691 ; Captain Seth Chapin was son 
of Josiah Chapin, Esq.. who was born in Eng- 
land in 1634, and'married Mary King, of Wey- 
mouth. November, 1658. Josiah Chapin was a 
lawyer and surveyor and held the highest 
municipal and civil positions, dying at the 
age of ninety-two years ; he was son of Sam- 
uel Chapin, who came with his wife Cicely 
from England to Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 
1636, and settled at Springfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he was prominent in church and 
state. Jonathan Thayer married (third), Sep- 
tember 4, 1735, Rachel Holbrook. He had 
fourteen children. 

(V) Seth, son of Jonathan (2) and Bethiah 
(Chapin) Thayer, was born July 27, 1725, 
died April 17, 18 19. He served in the revo- 
lution as private on the Lexington Alarm, 
April 19, 1775, under Captain William Jenni- 
son, marching from Mendon to Roxbury and 
Cambridge, and he served eleven and a half 
days. His name is on the list of officers cho- 
sen by the company, July 9, 1776, as first lieu- 
tenant on Muster and Pay Roll of "Capt. 
Lieut. Seth Thayer's Co.", Lieutenant-Colonel 
Nathan Tyler' regiment, for service in Rhode 
Island on the alarm of December, 1776. He 
enlisted December 8, and was discharged Jan- 
uary 23, 1777. His name is on a resignation 
dated at Mendon, November i, 1779. as first 
lieutenant of Fifth Company, Third Regiment 
in Worcester county. Colonel Nathan Tyler, 
and the resignation was accepted by the coun- 
cil, November 16, 1779. He married his third 
cousin. Judith Thayer, of Braintree, in 1751. 
She was born December 25. 1734. died Jan- 
uary I, 1823, daughter of John and Lydia 
(Wales) Thayer. 

(VI) Seth (2), son of Seth (i) Thayer, 
was born July 27, 1765, died in 1819. He 
settled at Bear Hill, Milford, Massachusetts. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Daniels, of Hol- 
liston, Massachusetts, April 27, 1786, and she 



NEW ENGLAND. 



133 



died in 1787. He married (second), April 19, 
1790, Sarah Holbrook, of Bellingham, Massa- 
chusetts, and she died in Milville in 1844. She 
was daughter of Seth Holbrook, who served in 
the revolution and drew a pension. Seth Hol- 
brook was born November 24, 175 1, and lived 
in Bellingham; he married his second cousin, 
Dinah Holbrook, and he was son of Seth, who 
was son of Joseph, son of Joseph, son of 
Peter, son of Thomas, son of Thomas Hol- 
brook. Seth Holbrook served as a private on 
the Lexington Alarm, in Captain Jesse Hol- 
brook's company, from Mendon, and he was a 
corporal in Captain Cobb's company, Colonel 
Read's regiment. 1775; he was sergeant in 
Captain Samuel Cowell's company. Colonel L. 
Robinson's regiment, 1776; corporal in Cap- 
tain Job Knap's company, Colonel Job Cush- 
ing's regiment : sergeant in Captain Amos El- 
lis' company, Major Seth Dullard's regiment, 
1780; sergeant in Captain Amos Ellis' com- 
pany, Colonel Dean's regiment for service in 
Rhode Island, Fourth Suffolk County Regi- 
ment. 

(VH) Lucinda, daughter of Seth (2) and 
Sarah (Holbrook) Thayer, married, Novem- 
ber 23, 1820, Luke Aldrich (see Aldrich). She 
was born in 1791, died February 6, 1859. 



Joseph Bemis, immigrant ances- 
BEMIS tor of this family, was born in 

England in 1619. He came to 
Watertown, Massachusetts, as early as 1640, 
and died there August 7, 1684. He was ac- 
companied by his sister, Mary Bemis, who 
married at Watertown, March 20, 1644-45, 
William Hagar. Joseph Bemis was selectman 
of Watertown in 1648-72-75. He was a black- 
smith, as well as a farmer. His will was dated 
August 7, 1684, and proved October 7, 1684. 
His widow administered the estate, which was 
divided November 18, 1712, soon after her 
death. Children, born in Watertown : Sarah, 
January 15, 1642-43; Mary, September 10, 
1644: Joseph Jr., twin, October 28, 1647, bur- 
ied November 4, 1647; Ephraim, twin of Jo- 
seph, buried November 4, 1647; Martha, born 
March 24, 1649; Joseph Jr., December 12, 
1651; Rebecca. April 17, 1654; Ephraim, Au- 
gust 25, 1656; John, mentioned below. 

(H) John, son of Joseph Bemis, was born 
in Watertown, in August, 1659, died Octo- 
ber 24, 1732. He married (first), at Water- 
town, about 1680, Mary, daughter of George 
and Susanna Harrington. He married (sec- 
ond), January i, 1716-17, Mrs. Sarah (Hol- 
land) Phillips, widow of Jonathan Phillips, 
who was born November 16, 1663, died Feb- 
ruary 1703-04. She was born in Watertown, 
November 30, 1662, died before 1726, daugh- 



ter of Nathaniel Holland and his second wife 
Sarah (Hosier) Holland. He married (third)i 
at Watertown, May 30, 1726, Judith fJenni- 
son) Barnard, who was born at Watertown 
August 13, 1667, died there, daughter of En- 
sign Samuel Jennison, who was born in 1645, 
died October, 1701, and his wife, Judith (Na- 
comber) Jennison, who died March i, 1722-23. 
She was the widow of James Barnard. John 
Bemis owned land in Marlborough before 
April 26, 1701, when he sold it. Children of 
first wife: Beriah, born June 23, 1681 ; Su- 
sanna, December 24, 1682; Joseph, November 
17, 1684; John, mentioned below; Mary, Sep- 
tember 24, 1688; Samuel, 1690; Lydia, 1692; 
Hannah, October 9, 1694, died October, 1700; 
Isaac, 1696; Jonathan, April 30, 1699, prob- 
ably died young; Jonathan, November 17, 
1701 ; Abraham, November 26, 1703; Susanna, 
December 3, 1705; Hannah, December 3, 1707. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Bemis, 
was bom in Watertown, October 6, 1686. He 
married (first). May 8, 1710, Hannah War- 
ren, born January 25, i6i90-9i, daughter of 
Daniel Warren, who was born October 6, 
1653, and his wife Elizabeth (Whitney) War- 
ren, born June 9, 1656. He married (second), 
April 2, 1713, Anna Livermore, born 1690, 
daughter of Samuel Livermore, born 1640, 
died 1690, and his wife, Anna (Bridge) Liv- 
ermore. born in 1646, died August 28, 1727. 
After John Bemis died, his widow married, 
December 5, 1769, Josiah Smith. Child of 
first wife : John, mentioned below. Children of 
second wife: Anna, born April 29, 1714; Jo- 
siah, February 29, 1715-16; Abraham, De- 
cember 27, 1717; Grace, November 5, 1719; 
Lydia, April 5, 1721 ; Abijah, March 16, 1722- 
23 ; Elisha, March 20, 1725-26 ; Elizabeth, 
March 23, 1727-28; Nathaniel, May 6, 1730; 
Susanna, April 3, 1732; Phineas, March 24, 

1734- 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) Bemis, 
was born at Watertown, February 11, 1711-12. 
He was a surveyor of highways and soldier 
in the French War, 1656. He married, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1 73 1, Hannah Warren, born April 
28, 1715, daughter of Captain Daniel War- 
ren, born April 30, 1686, and his wife, Hannah 
(Bigelow) Warren. Children, born in Water- 
town : John, August 28, 1732 ; Timothy, March 
6, 1734-35; Anna, September 30, 1736: Eliza- 
beth, January 17, 1738-39; Lydia, June 10, 
1741 : Abigail, September i, 1743, died July 25, 
1750; Nathaniel, mentioned below; Sarah, 
September 27, 174S; Henry, January 28, 1750- 
51 ; Jeduthan, June 10, 1753; Mary, May 16, 
1755; Daniel, March 5, 1758. 

(V) Sergeant Nathaniel Bemis, son of John 
(3) Bemis, was born at Watertown, Massa- 



134 



NEW ENGLAND. 



chusetts, March 12, 1745. He married, 1765, 
Esther Cox, born October 4, 1743, daughter 
of EHsha and Anna Cox, of Weston, Massa- 
chusetts. He served in the revolution as a 
sergeant in Captain John Walton's company at 
Cambridge, 1778. In another list, year not 
given, he was of Weston, as a private in Cap- 
tain Charles Miles' company, Colonel Jona- 
than Reed's regiment. Children: Lucy, born 
August 5, 1766; Nathaniel, May 8, 1770; Lot, 
August 5, 1772; Polly, November 22, 1777; 
Elisha, January 22, 1780; Charles, mentioned 
belovif. 

(VI) Charles, son of Sergeant Nathaniel 
Bemis, was born January 9, 1785, died in 
1877 at the age of ninety-two years. He mar- 
ried, December 20, 1807, Betsey Jones, born 
December 24, 1781, daughter of Lieutenant 
Eli Jones, of Lincoln, who was born in 1756, 
died May 9, 181 1, a Bunker Hill soldier; and 
his wife, Anna (Brown) Jones, who was born 
June 26. 1763 (see Jones V). Children: Emily 
Jones, born November 29, 1808; Charles 
Winslow, May 15, 181 1 ; Dexter, May 3, 1813; 
Eli Emery, July 17, 1815 ; Betsy Jane, Decem- 
ber 24, 1817; Royal, mentioned below; Luke, 
November 10, 1822 ; John, June 26, 1825, died 
in infancy. 

(VII) Royal, son of Charles Bemis, was 
born at Lincoln, October i, 1820, died April 
13, 1910. He was brought up on his father's 
farm, and educated in the public schools of his 
native town. He was for a time a manufacturer 
of boots and shoes, afterward a manufacturer 
of watch tools, and finally engaged in the busi- 
ness of florist at Waltham, Massachusetts. He 
married (first) Mary Ann Bond, who died in 
April, 1849. He married (second) Susan 
Warren Durgin, daughter of David and Sarah 
(Oddway) Durgin. She had several sisters 
and brothers, Nathaniel, Joseph, Sarah, Sut- 
ton, Aurexene, Robinson and a sister who is 
now living, Mrs. Oliver Treadwell, of Naples, 
Maine. Children of second wife: Arthur Her- 
bert Lincoln, now living in Williamstown, 
Massachusetts ; Susie Bell, born in Waltham 
in 1862, married Frank Lamb, of Naples, 
Maine, where she is now living; Dr. Royal 
Warren, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Dr. Royal Warren Bemis, son of 
Royal Bemis, was born at Waltham, January 
16, 1868. He attended the public schools of 
his native town, and fitted for college in the 
Waltham high school. He entered the Jeffer- 
son Medical College at Philadelphia in 1889, 
and was graduated with the degree Doctor of 
Medicine in 1892. During the next three 
years and a half he was an interne at the 
Municipal Hospital of Philadelphia. Since 
then he has been in general practice in Phila- 



delphia. His offices are at 2512 North Fifth 
street. He has been on the staff of physicians 
at St. Christopher Hospital for Children, Phil- 
adelphia, since 1898, and on the staff of the 
Stetson Hospital, Nose and Ear Department, 
since 1901, and for several years on the staff 
of the Roosevelt Hospital. He is a member of 
the Philadelphia County IMedical Society and 
was chairman of the Kensington branch in 
1899; member of the Philadelphia Medical 
Club, County Medical Society of Philadelphia, 
the Pennsylvania Medical Society and the 
American Medical Association ; member of 
Medico-Legal Society; of the Clinical Society 
of Philadelphia ; of the Philadelphia Laryngo- 
logical Society ; of the Pediatrical Society. He 
was a member of the Board of Health of the 
city of Philadelphia for two years. He is 
a medical examiner for the Royal Arcanum. 
In addition to his extensive general practice he 
makes a specialty of diseases of the nose and 
ear. In politics he is a Republican. He is a 
communicant of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

He married, August 5, 1896, Gertrude L. 
Foster, born at Lynn, Massachusetts, March 
8. 1872, daughter of Handley and Elizabeth 
( Kilpatrick) Foster. They have a daughter. 
Marion Elizabeth, born July 29, 1898, in Phil- 
adelphia. 

(The Jones Line). 

(I) William Jones, immigrant ancestor, 
lived in Charlestown, Massachusetts, as early 
as 1658, when he owned fifteen acres of land 
and two and a half of commons. His will, 
dated March 4, proved March 28, 1678, left 
all his property to his son Thomas, mentioned 
below. "Old Father Jones near 90 died March 
8, 1677-8." at Charlestown. He may have 
been the same William Jones who lived in the 
adjoining town of Cambridge and was a pro- 
prietor there in 1635, coming from Sandwich, 
England, a painter by trade, whose wife Mar- 
garet came in the ship "Hercules" in March, 
1634. She was accused of being a witch, tried, 
convicted and hanged by the superstitious au- 
thorities in 1648. Her husband desired soon 
afterward to ship for the Barbadoes, but was 
imprisoned, and unless he is the William Jones, 
of Charlestown, described above, nothing more 
is known of him. There was no other William 
Jones in Massachusetts before 1650. 

(II) Thomas, son of William Jones, was 
born in 1645 (aged twenty-four in 1669). He 
was a bricklayer by trade. It is a significant 
fact that Thomas Jones, as the record shows, 
went to the Barbadoes and returned, was mar- 
ried in Charlestown and again went to sea, 
although he was a bricklayer or mason by 
trade. He died in Charlestown, November 28, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



135 



1679, leaving five children aged one to ten 
years. He married Sarah Crouch after 1669, 
and she married (second) Thomas Stanford. 
He owned and sold land in Charlestown. His 
widow, administratrix of his estate, was 
granted two commons in 1681. The probate 
records proved that his son Thomas was liv- 
ing in Sherborn when heirs sold land in 
Charlestown in 1695. Children, born in 
Charlestown: Sarah, April 24, 1670; Mary, 
May 13, 1672; Thomas, mentioned below; 
William, October 4, 1676. 

(HI) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Jones, was born in Charlestown, July 3, 1674, 
baptized October 11, 1674, died at Sherborn, 
May 25, 1729, aged fifty-six years. He owned 
land in Charlestown. He settled in Sherborn, 
Middlesex county, Massachusetts, and in 1721 
was the largest taxpayer there. He shared in 
the New Sherborn or Douglas grant in 1730. 

He married Elizabeth . Children, born 

in Sherborn: Jonathan. December 13, 1701 ; 
Eli, mentioned below ; Thomas, May 27, 1706; 
Elizabeth. May 27, 1711; Aaron, April 11, 
1713, died 1742; Jonathan, lived at Holliston, 
formerly Sherborn. 

(IV) Eli, son of Thomas (2) Jones, was 
born in Sherborn, December 5, 1704. He 
married. May 15, 1729, Mercy Underwood, 
born April 3, 1709, daughter of Joseph and 
granddaughter of Joseph Underwood. She 
died at Holliston, January 31, 1754. Children, 
born at Holliston: David, February 17, 1731 ; 
Hannah, August 6, 1734; Thankful, April 6, 
1738; Miriam, June i, 1743: Mercy, Septem- 
ber 18, 1745; Mary, baptized June 3, 1750; Eli, 
mentioned below; Abel, baptized September 

24. 1758- 

(V) Lieutenant Eli (2) Jones, son of Eli 
(i) Jones, was born at Holliston, April 24, 
1756, died at Lincoln, Massachusetts, May 9, 
181 1, aged fifty-five years (gravestone). He 
was a soldier in the revolution in Captain 
Abraham Pierce's company on the Lexington 
Alarm, was at Bunker Hill and in the same 
company, Colonel Samuel Thatcher's regiment, 
in 1776; also in Captain Joseph Fuller's com- 
pany. Colonel Samuel Bullard's regiment, Au- 
gust 20 to November 29, 1777, at Stillwater; 
also in Captain Edward Fuller's company. 
Colonel William Mcintosh's regiment, March- 
April, 1778; also in the Continental army, en- 
listing July 19, 1779, at the age of twenty-three 
years. He was five feet, seven inches and a 
half in height. He served in Colonel Brad- 
ford's company and regiment (Fourteenth) to 
April, 1780. He was commissioned lieutenant, 
July 15, 1780. In 1780 he was in Captain 
James Cooper's company. Colonel Gamaliel 



Bradford's regiment (Fourteenth), and again 
for six months in 1781 under Colonel John 
Brooks. He lived in Weston and afterward in 
Lincoln. He was warden in Weston in 1786, 
fence viewer in 1790, and owned a pew in the 
church in i8oo. 

He married, at Waltham, Massachusetts, .\u- 
gust 23, 1780, Anna Brown, born June 24, 1763, 
died in Lincoln, Massachusetts, April 14, 1857, 
aged ninety-four years, daughter of Colonel 
Abijah Brown, who fought at Bunker Hill, a 
prominent figure in revolutionary days. Chil- 
dren, born in Weston and Lincoln: i. Betsey, 
born December 24, 1781, died July 15, 1874; 
married Charles Bemis (see Bemis VI). 2. 
Nancy, born March 25, 1783, died September 
26, 1851. 3. William, born September 16, 1785. 
4. Polly, born September 29, 1788, died August 
26, 1848. 5. Sally, born October 12, 1790. 6. 
Susan, born October 30, 1793, died March, 
1886. 7. Rebecca, born March 23, 1795. 8. 
Sophia, born June 27, 1797. 9. Hannah, bom 
September 27, 1799. 10. Levina, born Janu- 
ary 24, 1802. II. Eli, born May 13, 1804. 12. 
Almira, born July 12, 1808, baptized July 17, 
1808; married Jonas Hastings. 



William Giflford, the immi- 
GIFFORD grant ancestor, was born in 

England, and appears to have 
been for a short time at Stamford, Connecticut, 
and about 1647 his name appears in the court 
records there. He certainly settled in the 
Plymouth colony soon afterward, and in 1650 
was a member of the grand inquest at Ply- 
mouth. He continued to reside in Sandwich, 
Massachusetts, until his death, with the ex- 
ception of five years between 1665 and 1670 
when he with George Allen and the sons of 
Peter Gaunt, all of Sandwich, together with 
others, were first proprietors and settlers of 
Monmouth, New Jersey, having purchased the 
land of the Indians, and to whom the Mon- 
mouth Patent was granted April 8, 1665. They 
were adherents of the Quaker faith, and suf- 
fered severely from persecution and vexatious 
arrests and suits in Massachusetts and New 
Jersey. GifFord owned land in Massachusetts, 
Rhode Island and Connecticut. His Massa- 
chusetts possessions consisted of land in Sand- 
wich. Falmouth and Dartmouth. He gave by 
will to his sons Jonathan and James land at 
Falmouth, and deeded to sons Robert and 
Christopher lands at Dartmouth, Massachu- 
setts, both of whom built houses on their prop- 
erty. Robert continued at Dartmouth, but 
Christopher moved to Little Compton. Rhode 
Island. Both have descendants in Southern 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island. William 



136 



NEW ENGLAND, 



probably deeded his Connecticut lands to his 
son John, who gave by will lOO acres in Con- 
necticut to his son Samuel, and 200 acres to his 
grandsons. He died April 9, 1687. He mar- 
ried twice. His second wife was Mary Mills, 
whom he married July 16, i|^§85 she died Feb- 
ruary ID. 1734. Children oTfirst wife: John, 
died 1708: Hananiah. married Elizabeth 

; William, died 1738; Christopher, 

born July, 1658, died November 22, 1748; 
Robert, born 1660, died 1730: Patience, died 
1673, married Richard Kirby. Children of 
second wife: Mary; Jonathan, born May 14, 
1684; James, born March 10, 1685-86. 

(H) Robert, son of William Gifford, was 
born in 1660, died in 1730. He resided at 
Dartmouth, IMassachusetts. He married Sarah 
Wing, born February 2, 1658, daughter of 
Stephen and Sarah (Briggs) Wing. He mar- 
ried (second) Elizabeth . Children, 

born at Dartmouth: Benjamin, Jeremiah, Ste- 
phen, Timothy and Simeon. 

(HI) Jeremiah, son of Robert Gifford, was 

born at Dartmouth ; he married Mary . 

Children, born at Dartmouth : Jonathan, 
March 25, 1704; Gideon, March 19, 1705-06; 
John O., March 7, 1707-08; Sarah, October 3, 
1710; Elizabeth, October 13. 1712; Joseph, 
twin of Elizabeth; William. January 19, 1714; 
Benjamin, May 14, 1717; Isaac, May 16C1717 
(sic), died March 3, 1812; Peleg, mentioned 
below: Margaret, x^pril 15, 1722; Adam, Jan- 
uary 3, 1725 ; David. April 5, 1728. 

(IV) Peleg, son of Jeremiah Gifford, was 
bom at Dartmouth, December i, 1719. 

(V) Elihu Gifford, as far as is known only 
son of Peleg Gifford, was born at Dartmouth, 
October 9. 1747, and died December 3, 
i846(?). He was a captain in the revolution. 
He married Abigail Chase. Children : Isaac, 
born July t6, 1769, died February 14, 1850; 
Pamel. ^^a^ch 12, 1772. married John Wood, 
of Dartmouth; Abraham, January 6, 1774, 
died August 13, 1861 ; Elihu Jr., October i, 
1776, died in the West Indies. 1798; George 
Washington, mentioned below ; Polly, born 
January 20. 1780, died June, 1830, married 
Elihu, son of David Gifford, of Dartmouth ; 
Paul, born October 31, 1782, died June 25, 
1854; Pardon, twin with Paul, died June 7, 
1854; Abigail, January 4. 1785, died in No- 
vember, 1854. married Francis Tripp, and 
(second) Benjamin Howland ; Benjamin, July 
I, 1787, died March 1830. 

(VI) George Washington, son of Elihu 
Gifford. was born at Dartmouth. February 8, 
1778, and died in February, 1816. He mar- 
ried Judith Palmer, and lived at Mattapoisett, 
Massachusetts. Children : Frederic ; Holder ; 



Gideon ; EHhu ; Captain Peleg W., bom 1805, 
died 1889, married .\raelia Hammond; George 
Washington, mentioned below ; Mary H., born 
in 1814, at Newport, married Arnold M. 
Barker, November 10, 1839, and died Febru- 
ary 4. 1874, had four children. 

(VII) George Washington (2), son of 
George Washington (i) Gifford, was born at 
Mattapoisett, Massachusetts, February 4, 1812. 
He followed the sea and became a master mar- 
iner. He died in 1885. He married Ann 
Grant, born June 15, 1842, daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Diman) Grant. Chil- 
dren: I. George Barker, mentioned below. 2. 
Mary E.. born December 4, 1862, at Assonet; 
married James H. Breck. of Springfield, Mas- 
sachusetts, and had Robert G. Breck, born 
1891. 3. Ann E., born September 29, 1864; 
married Frank L. Blackwell, of Fairhaven, 
Massachusetts, and had Malcolm Gifford, born 
January 9. 1897, at Bristol, Rhode Island. 4. 
Charles H., born in Rehoboth. Massachusetts; 
married Elizabeth Ellis, of Fair Haven; chil- 
dren: Ruth Gifford, born 1891, and Frances 
Gifford, born 1895. 5. Grace B.. bom at Re- 
hoboth, !ilarch 8, 1870; married Albert A. 
Chamberlain, of Springfield. Massachusetts; 
children: William, born 1895, and Gifford 
Chamberlain, 1900. 

(VIII) George Barker, son of George 
Washington (2) Gifford. was born at Assonet 
(Freetown), Massachusetts, January 15, 1861. 
He was educated in the public schools of Fair 
Haven and Rehoboth, Massachusetts. After 
leaving school he was employed in a furniture 
repairing store, and afterward was clerk in a 
general store at New Bedford, Massachusetts. 
In 1878 he entered the employ of the Standard 
Oil Company as a helper in the machine shop, 
and was promoted in time to the position of 
foreman and afterward superintendent. Dur- 
ing the thirty-three years in which he has been 
connected with this great corporation his rise 
has been steady. At the present time he is 
manager of the works of the Standard Oil 
Company at Bayonne, New Jersey, with offices 
at 26 Broadway, New York City. He is a 
member of the Jersey City Club, the Newark 
Bay Club, the New England Society of New 
York. He attends the Baptist church, and in 
politics is an independent Republican. He 
married, November i, 1883, Minnie Van Cott, 
born in Brooklyn, New York, September 9, 
1862. daughter of George W. and Hester 
(Strickland) Van Cott. They have one son: 
George Barker Jr., born in Brooklyn, Decem- 
ber 7, 1886, educated in the public schools and 
at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, a mechanical en- 
gineer by profession. 



NEW ENGLAND 



137 



The surname Tracy is taken 

TRACY from the castle and barony of 
Tracie, near Vire Arrondisse- 
ment of Caen. The first of the name of whom 
there is record is Turgis de Tracie, who, with 
William de la Ferte, was defeated and driven 
out of Main by the Count of Anjou in 1078, 
and was in all probability the Sire de Tracie 
mentioned below, in the army of Hastings. 
The coat-of-arms of the family was borne 
in the middle of the twelfth century, and was 
as follows : Or, an escallop in the chief dexter, 
between two bendlets gules. Crest : On a cha- 
peau gules turned up ermine an escallop sable, 
between two wings expanded or. 

(I) Sire de Tracie is mentioned as being in 
the army of Hastings in 1066, an officer in the 
army of William the Conqueror. 

(H) Henri de Tracie was his son, and was 
Lord of Barnstable. He settled in County 
Devon, and was the only man of noble birth 
in that county who stood firm for the king 
during the invasion of the Empress Maud, and 
received as a reward the Barony of Barnstable. 
He died about 1 146. 

(HI) Grace de Tracie, daughter of Henri, 
married John de Sudely, and her second son 
inherited her estates and assumed her name. 

(IV) William de Tracie, son of Grace, 
lived in the reign of Henry H., and held the 
Manor of Toddington. He was one of the 
knights who, in 11 70, at the instigation of 
Henry IL, assassinated Thomas a Becket, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. He is described as 
"a man of high birth, state and stomach, a 
favorite of the king and his daily attendant." 
In 1 171 he was created justiciary of Nor- 
mandy, serving about five years. He then re- 
turned to England and during the reign of 
King John, took up arms against him, and his 
lands were confiscated. They were later re- 
stored, however. Late in life he founded and 
endowed a chapel to Thomas a Becket in the 
conventual church at Tewkesbury, indicating 
his repentance. He died at Morthoe, County 
Devon, in 1224. 

(V) Sir Henry de Tracy of Toddington 
was his heir, and died about 1246. 

(VI) Sir Henry de Tracy was his eldest 
son and died 1296. 

(Vn) Sir William de Tracy, Esq., of Tod- 
dington, was high sheriflF of Gloucestershire, 
and was called to the privy council of 
Henrs' IV. 

(VIII) William de Tracy inherited the 
Toddington estates and was sheriflf of Glouces- 
tershire. He died 1460. 

(IX) Henry Tracy, Esq., was his eldest 
n, and married Alice, daughter and co-heir- 

of Thomas Baldington, Esq. 



(X) Sir William Tracy of Toddington was 
his eldest son, sheriff of Gloucestershire dur- 
ing the reign of Henry VIII. (1513). He was 
one of the first to embrace the reform religion 
in England, as shown by his will, dated 1530. 
He married Margaret Throckmorton. 

CXI) Richard Tracy was his third son and 
inherited the Manor of Sathway. He was 
highly educated and wrote several treatises on 
religion. He was sheriff of Gloucestershire. 
He married Barbara Lucy, a pupil of Fox, the 
Martyrologist. He died 1569. 

(XII) Samuel, son of Richard Tracy, had 
a son, Stephen, mentioned below. 

(XIII) Stephen, son of Samuel Tracy, and 
himself the immigrant ancestor, came to Ply- 
mouth, Massachusetts, on the ship "Ann," 
Captain William Prince, in 1623, with his wife 
and infant daughter. His name is on the list 
of freemen, in 1623. He settled first on the 
south side of Plymouth and shared in the divis- 
ion of cattle in 1627. Soon after, he removed 
to Duxbury, and in 1634, was appointed one of 
five to lay out highways. He served as a con- 
stable in 1639, and was one of five to select a 
site for a meeting house. He was a grand 
juror in 1639-40-42, and was arbitrator by or- 
der of the governor. Before 1654, he had re- 
turned to England, for a power of attorney is 
in print which authorizes John Winslow to dis- 
pose of Tracy's property in New England. 
This instrument bears the date, March 20, 
1654-55, at New London. In it he calls him- 
self an inhabitant of Great Yarmouth, in 
County Norfolk, and states that he has five 
children in New England. There is no fur- 
ther record of him, and it is probable that he 
never returned. 

He married, 162 1, in Holland, Triphosa 

La . Children : Sarah, born in Holland, 

married George Partridge ; John, mentioned 
below ; Rebecca, born at Plymouth ; Ruth, 
Mary, Thomas. 

(XIV) John, son of Stephen Tracy, was 
born at Plymouth. 1623, and died at Windham. 
Connecticut. June 30, 1718. He married Mary 
Jane, daughter of Governor Prince and Mary 
Collins, his second wife. He was representa- 
tive in 1683 and 1686. deputy in 1677 and 1692. 
Children : John ; Alphea ; Stephen, mentioned 
below. 

(XV) Stephen, son of John Tracy, was 
born 1673. "died December 14. 1769. He mar- 
ried, January 26, 1707. Deborah Bingham. 
Children: Mary. August 26, 1708; Prince, Jan- 
uary 27, 1710-11 : Deborah, January 8, 1714; 
John, April 25, 1718 ; James, January 15, 1720; 
Nathaniel. January 2. 1722; Thomas, men- 
tioned below. 

(XVI) Thomas, son of Stephen Tracy, was 



138 



NEW ENGLAND. 



bom August 19, 1725, and died at Hartford, 
Vermont, February, 1822. He married, Oc- 
tober 28, 1 75 1, Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Allen) Warner. Children: 
Mary, November 12, 1752 ; Andrew, August i, 
1754; Deborah, March 10, 1756; Susannah, 
July 7, 1758; James, January 28, 1760; 
Thomas, September 4, 1761 ; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Elizabeth, April 15, 1765. 

(XVH) Joseph, son of Thomas Tracy, was 
born July 18, 1763, and died April 10, 1829. 
He married, December 26, 1792, Ruth Carter. 
Children: Joseph Chester, November 3, 1793; 
Ebenezer Carter, mentioned below ; Myron, 
April 20, 1798; William Warner, Decerhber 
12, 1801 ; Ira, January 15, 1806; Samuel, April 
14, 1808; Stephen, February 25, 1810; Ezra 
Carter, January 5, 1812. 

(XVni) Ebenezer Carter, son of Joseph 
Tracy, was born January 10, 1796, died at 
Windsor, Vermont, May 15, 1862. He mar- 
ried, September 13, 1832, Martha Sherman 
Evarts{seeEvartsVI). Children: Martha Day, 
October i, 1833, died November 2, 1852; Jere- 
miah Evarts, mentioned below ; Anna, October 
23, 1836: William Carter, July 14, 1838, killed 
in the Civil War, January 23, 1864; Roger 
Sherman, August 10, 1840, died October 22, 
1841 ; John Jay, December 23, 1843; Charles 
Walker, June 28, 1847. 

(XIX) Jeremiah Evarts, son of Ebenezer 
Carter Tracy, was bom January 31. 1835, at 
Windsor, Vermont. He attended the public 
schools of his native town and began to study 
law in the office of his uncle, Hon. William M. 
Evarts, of New York City. He attended Yale 
Law School and was graduated with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Laws in 1857. He was 
admitted to the bar in New York and became 
a clerk in the office of Mr. Evarts. Since 
June I, 1859, he has been partner in the firm 
and its successors. The present firm is Evarts, 
Choate & Sherman, one of the best-known law 
firms in the United States and second to none 
in the importance of its clientele and in the 
personnel of the partners comprising it. Mr. 
Tracy was one of the founders of the Bar As- 
sociation of New York City and is a member 
of the New York State Bar Association and 
the New York Lawyers' Institute. In politics 
he is a Republican, and in religion a Presby- 
terian. 

He married, September 30, 1863, Martha 
Sherman, daughter of Rev. David and Mary 
( Evarts) Greene. Their home is in New York 
City. Children : Emily Baldwin, born No- 
vember 30, 1864; Howard Crosby, August i, 
1866. now of Plainfield, New Jersey: Evarts, 
mentioned below ; Mary Evarts. December 22. 
1869, now in Yokohama, Japan; Robert 



Storer, October 6, 1871, deceased; Margaret 
Louisa, May 11, 1873, now of Muncie. In- 
diana; Edith Hastings, December 13, 1874, 
now of New York; Martha, April 10, 1876, of 
Philadelphia ; William Evarts, September 24, 
1878, of Telluride, Colorado. 

(XX) Evarts, son of Jeremiah Evarts 
Tracy, was born in New York City, May 23, 
1868. He attended the public schools and en- 
tered Yale University, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
in the class of 1890. He went abroad and 
studied until 1894 at L'Ecole Nationale et Spe- 
ciale des Beaux Arts in Paris. He traveled 
extensively in Europe and America, including 
the British possessions and South America and 
visited the important buildings and architec- 
tural masterpieces of the world. He is a part- 
ner of the firm of Tracy, Swartout & Litch- 
field, architects, of New York City. The firm 
has made a specialty of public buildings, clubs, 
banks, hotels and courthouses. Some of the 
notable buildings designed by this firm are the 
Yale Club, the Home Club and Hotel Web- 
ster, in New York City ; the National Metro- 
politan Bank of Washington, D. C. ; the Con- 
necticut Savings Bank of New Haven, the 
Somerset county courthouse. New Jersey ; the 
Minneapolis Club, Minneapolis, Minnesota; 
United States Post Office and courthouse, 
Denver, Colorado ; armory, Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia. In politics he is a Republi- 
can. He is a member of the Beaux Arts Soci- 
ety, the Architectural League of New York, 
the American Institute of Architects and the 
Metropolitan Club of Washington, the Uni- 
versity Club of New York, the Yale Club of 
New York and the Plainfield Country Club. 

He married at Plainfield, New Jersey, June 
23, 1904, Caroline Frederica Streuli, daughter 
of A. F. Streuli, of Zurich, Switzerland. Her 
father came to America in 1866 and settled in 
Philadelphia, where he married Caroline 
Hooper, of an old Arperican family. Mr. 
Streuli came from an old "nviss family, the an- 
cient home of which was bLiild in the year 800 
and is still in the possession of the Streuli 
family. In olden times, the Catholic church 
paid an annuity to the family for sheltering 
pilgrims to the Convent of Einsedeln, and the 
annuity is still paid to the family by the papal 
government. One of the provisions of the 
contract stipulated that the family should en- 
tertain any religious pilgrims passing through 
the country. Mr. and Mrs. Tracy have no 
children. 

(The Evarts Line). 

John Evarts. the immigrant ancestor, w 
admitted a freeman at Concord, Massact 
setts, in March, 1637-38. He lived there sc 



NEW ENGLAND. 



139 



years and then remove'd to Guilford, Con- 
necticut. He took the freeman's oath there, 
February 5, 1651-52, and in 1655, appears as 
the defendant in two civil suits. He purchased 
John Mepham's allotment at Guilford, July 29, 
1651, and in 1667, was appointed tythingman. 
He is said to have lived some time in New 
Haven. He died May 9, 1669. He married 

(first) Elizabeth , (second). May 27, 

1663, Elizabeth Parmelee, who died in Novem- 
ber, 1688, widow of John Parmelee. Children 
of first wife: i. James, mentioned below. 2. 
John, born at Concord, February 29, 1639-40; 
died December 28, 1692. 3. Judah, born at 
Concord, October 27, 1642 ; died November, 
1696. 4. Daniel, born 1645 ; died December 

5, 1692. 5. Elizabeth, married, 1665, Peter 
Abbott; she was killed by her husband at Fair- 
field, and he was executed for the offense, Oc- 
tober 16, 1667. 

(H) James, son of John Evarts, was born 
in 1638, died in April, 1682. He married, in 
1660, Lydia, daughter of Richard Cuttridge. 
Children: Mary, March 26, 1661, died young; 
John, 1664; Lydia, 166 — ; James, 1667, men- 
tioned below ; Joseph, 1669, died December 
21, 1679; Jonathan, died unmarried, October, 
1696; Judah, 1673; Mary, May i, 1674; Han- 
nah, September 23, 1677 ; Joseph, February 24, 
1679-80; Dorothy. 

(IH) James (2), son of James (i) Evarts, 
was born in 1667, died January 3, 1739. He 
was a farmer and lived in East Guilford, Con- 
necticut. He married, March 7, 1694, Mary 
Carter, who died March 30, 1751. Children: 
Mary, December 7, 1696; Jonathan, April 12, 
1699; Mindwell, August 16, 1705, died i)ecem- 
ber 31, 1736; James, April 21, 1713, died April 

6, 1721 ; Elinor, December 9, 1714; Reuben 
(twin), March 25, 1719, mentioned below; 
Elizabeth (twin), March 25, 1719. 

(IV) Reuben, son of James (2) Evarts, was 
born March 25, 1719, died July 31, 1776. He 
married, June 5, 175 1, Honor, daughter of 
Jeremiah Evarts, son of John (HI), son of 
James (H). Jeremiah was born May 21, 1702, 
died September 14, 175 1, married, June 8, 
1726, Jerusha Blinn. She married (second) 
Deacon Thomas Stone, of East Guilford. 
Children of Reuben and Honor Evarts : James, 
mentioned below; Elizabeth, December 15, 
1755; Jeremiah, February 25, 1761 ; Reuben, 
January 7, 1763; John, December 16, 1765. 

(V) James (3), son of Reuben Evarts, was 
born at East Guilford, May 15, 1752. He was 
a farmer and lived in Georgia, removing there 
in 1787 and also in Sunderland. Vermont. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Timothy Todd. 
Children : Jeremiah, mentioned below ; another 
son and three daughters. 



(VI) Jeremiah, son of James (3) Evarts, 
was born February 3, 1781. He became a law- 
yer in New York City and for many years was 
secretary of the American Board of Commis- 
sioners for Foreign Missions. He married 
Mehitable Barnes, daughter of Roger Sher- 
man. Children: Hon. William Maxwell, the 
eminent lawyer; Martha Sherman, married, 
September 13, 1832, Ebenezer Carter Tracy 
(see Tracy XVIII"). 



The English ancestry of 
INGRAHAM the American Ingrahams 
has been traced on what ap- 
pears to be good authority to very ancient 
times. Randolph, son of Ingel'ram or Ing'- 
ram, was sheriff of Nottingham and Derby in 
the reign of Henry II., A. D. 1133-89. He had 
two sons, Robert and William. Robert Ingram, 
knight, son of Randolph, was of so much im- 
portance in the reign of Henry III. that the 
Prior and Convent of Lenton granted to him 
a yearly rent out of their lands in Shaynton 
and Nottingham, in recognition of his military 
service in their defense. His arms are painted 
in Temple Newsham or Newsam, England, 
which is an immense estate, six miles long 
and four wide, about four and a half miles east 
of Leeds. It is now called the Ingram estate, 
and at first it was a settlement of Knights 
Templar in the twelfth and thirteenth cen- 
turies. After their dispersion it was granted 
by Edward II. to Sir John Darcy and descended 
to Sir Thomas Darcy, who was beheaded by 
Henry VIII., and the estate was forfeited to 
the Crown. In 1554 it was again granted by 
Edward II. to Mathew, Earl of Lennox, and 
here was born his son, Henry Darnley, who 
later married Mary, Queen of Scots. The es- 
tate descended to their son, James I. .of Eng- 
land, and from him to his kinsman, Esme Stu- 
art, Duke of Lennox, from whom it passed to 
Sir Arthur Ingram, the first of the Lords Vis- 
count Irwin, one of the conditions being that 
the room in which Lord Darnley was born 
should remain unaltered, and this room is still 
called the "King's Chamber." 

(I) Sir Arthur Ingram, who is supposed to 
have been born about 1570, was celebrated for 
his valor as a cavalier. He was a near rela- 
tive of Wentworth, the celebrated Earl of 
Stafford. He married (first) Eleanor, daugh- 
ter of Sir Henry Slingsby, and (second) Lady 
Katherine, daughter of Thomas, Lord Vis- 
count Fairfax, of Gilling. Sir Arthur died in 
1655. His portrait, in cavalier costume, that 
of the first Viscount Irwin in full armor, and 
that of Henr>-, the second Viscount Irwin in 
half armor, all nearly full length, were in the 
collection of the Bishop of California, William 



140 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Ingraham Kipp, D. D., LL. D., who died in 
1894. His sons were Henry and Arthur In- 
graham. 

(H) Henry Ingraham or Ingram, son of Sir 
Arthur Ingram, was born between 1595 and 
1600. At the time of the restoration, six years 
after the death of his father, Ingram was cre- 
ated a Peer of Scotland by Charles II. with the 
title of Viscount Irwin, by letters patent dated 
May 23, 1661, as a recompense to the family 
for their loyalty. He married Anne, daughter 
of Alontacute, Earl of Manchester, a leader in 
Parliament. The male branch in England de- 
scended from Sir Henry, the second Viscount 
Irwin, and became extinct with Charles In- 
gram, ninth Viscount Irwin, who died in 1778. 
His daughter, the marchioness of Hartford, 
and Lady William Gordon, successively inher- 
ited Temple Newsam, and from them it passed 
to their sister, Mrs. Hugo Maynell, whose 
son took the name of Ingram, and his de- 
scendants are the present owners of the family 
estate. 

(II) Arthur Ingraham, of Barrowby, son of 
Sir Arthur Ingram, and brother of Henry In- 
graham or Ingram, was born between 1595 
and 1600. He married a daughter of Sir John 
Mallory, about 1615, and the genealogists agree 
that from him the Ingraham family of Amer- 
ica is descended. 

(III) Richard Ingraham, son of Arthur In- 
graham, came to America between 1638 and 
1642. He settled in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, 
where he was a proprietor in 1645. Some 
vears later he moved to Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, where in 1668, late in life, he mar- 
ried (second) Joan (Rockwell) Baker, daugh- 
ter of William Rockwell and widow of Jeffrey 
Baker, of Windsor, Connecticut. By this mar- 
riage he had no children. The name of his 
first wife is not known. He contributed a sum 
at the time of the general subscription for the 
support of Harvard College in 1672-73. He 
died in August, 1683, and his widow died Sep- 
tember 16, 1683, both at Northampton. He 
may have been a brother of Edward, who came 
to America in 1635. Among his children were: 
William, of Boston; John, of Hadley; Jarrett, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Jarrett, son of Richard Ingraham, 
was born in 1640-42, probably in Boston. His 
name first appears in the records of the town 
of Boston for 1662, May 28, when he married 
(first) Rebecca, daughter of Edward Searles, 
Governor John Endicott performing the cere- 
mony. Soon afterward he removed to Reho- 
both. He was there certainly in 1665 when 
his second child was born and his name ap- 
pears on the list of those who drew lots for 
meadow land in the North Purchase of Reho- 



both, now the town ofAttleboro, May 16, 1668. 
He removed with his family to Swansea, Mas- 
sachusetts, about 1672, and was one of the 
early settlers of that town. He returned to 
Rehoboth, however, about 1690, and his wife 
Rebecca died there August 19, 1691. He mar- 
ried (second), April 22, 1692, Waitstill, widow 
of Joseph Sabin. He died at Rehoboth, Jan- 
uary II, 1717-18, and his widow November 
15, 1718. Children of Jarrett and Rebecca 
Ingraham : Margaret, born in Boston, January 
17, 1662-63. Born in Rehoboth: Rebecca, May 
I, 1665; Mary, September 10, 1667; Ephraim, 
June 22. 1669; Mercy, July 13, 1671. Born in 
Swansea : Hannah, December 29, 1673 ; John, 
May 5, 1676; Joseph, January 14, 1677; Ben- 
jamin, mentioned below ; Jeremiah, July 12, 
1683; Nathaniel and Elizabeth, August 12, 
1686. Child by second wife, at Rehoboth : Oba- 
diah, September 21, 1696. 

(V) Benjamin, son of Jarrett Ingraham, 
was born about 1679. His father's will dated 
April 16, 1714, proved February 3, 1717-18, 
mentions him after Joseph. Benjamin Ingra- 
ham married (first), at Rehoboth, March 20, 
1712, Patience Ide, who died in November, 
1716, leaving one child, Benjamin. He mar- 
ried (second). May 15, 1718, Elizabeth Sweet. 
He lived for some years in Rehoboth, pre- 
sumably on property deeded to him by his 
father and mentioned in the will. He removed 
to Woodbury, Connecticut, where he died in 
1741. Child by first wife: Benjamin, men- 
tioned below. Children by second wife, born 
at Rehoboth: Henry, March 15, 1719-20; Jun- 
iah, January 21, 1721-22; Jeremiah, February, 
1723-24; Job, March, 1726; Patience, May 21, 
1728; Elizabeth, October 10, 1730; Betty, 
March 25. 1733. 

(VI) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
Ingraham. was born at Rehoboth, August 25, 
1714. He went to Woodbury, Connecticut, 
with others of the family. He married, in 
Woodbury, February 18, 1732, Hannah Tom- 
linson, and resided in Woodbury until 1745, 
when he removed to Chatham, Columbia 
county. New York. Children : Hannah, born 
February 6, 1743, married Joshua Barrett; 
Samuel, January 6. 1745; Abijah and Ben- 
jamin were Tories and removed to Nova 
Scotia during the revolution ; John, mentioned 
below. 

(VII) John, son of Benjamin (2) Ingra- 
ham, was born about 1735. He removed to 
Columbia county. New York, and according to 
the first federal census in 1790, was living at 
Canaan in that county and had in his family 
two females. In the same town the Gibbs 

family settled. He married Julia 

(probably a Gibbs). 



NEW ENGLAND. 



141 



(VIII) Nathaniel Gibbs, son of John Ingra- 
ham, was born in 1761, died August 24, 1827, 
aged sixty-six. He married (first) Juliana, 
born August 18, 1766, died December 28, 1797, 
eldest daughter of Dr. Daniel Redfield, son of 
Daniel Redfield, of Guilford, Connecticut. He 
married (second) Elizabeth Phoenix, (see 
Phoenix IV). Children by first wife: Ezra 
L'Hommedieu ; Nathaniel Gibbs, United States 
consul at Tampico; Martha (Patty), married 
Alexander Phoenix; Samuel Dana; John Red- 
field; David Gelston; Benjamin Gale; Fred 
Redfield. (Children by second wife: Daniel 
Phoenix, mentioned below ; Sidney ; William ; 
DeWitt, died young. 

(IX) Daniel Phoenix, son of Nathaniel 
Gibbs Ingraham, was born in New York City, 
April 22, 1800. He married, in Guilford, Con- 
necticut, January 25, 1838, Mary Hart Lan- 
don,*of Guilford, Connecticut, born February 
25, 1815. Children: Daniel Phoenix Jr., born 
February 17, 1839, died September, 1902, was 
an attorney in New York City, married Annie 
E. Lent, and had seven children: Nathaniel 
Gibbs, James Lent, Landon, Virginia, Daniel 
Phoenix, Anne Von Lent; Arthur ; George 
Landon, mentioned below ; Arthur, mentioned 
below. 

(X) Judge George Landon Ingraham, son 
of Daniel Phoenix Ingraham, was born Au- 
gust I, 1842. He attended the public schools 
and was graduated from Columbia College 
Law School with the degree of LL. B< in 
1869. He was elected judge of the superior 
court of the city of New York in January, 
1883. In May, 1891, he was appointed justice 
of the supreme court of the first New York 
district and elected the following November 
for the remainder of the term of his prede- 
cessor. In November, 1905, he was reelected 
for a full term of fourteen years. In politics 
he is a Democrat. He is a member of the 
Century Club, the Manhattan Club, the Metro- 
politan Club, the New York Yacht Club, and 
the Tuxedo Club. He married, December 4, 
1872, Georgina Lent. Children: Nathalie and 
Phoenix. 

(X) Arthur, son of Daniel Phoenix Ingra- 
ham, was born in New York City, September 
26, 1849. He attended the public schools of 
his native city and Dr. D. W. Dwight's private 
school and entered Columbia College in 1866, 
graduating in the class of 1870 with the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts. He entered the employ 
of Jay Cook, the famous banker, Wall street, 
New York City, and continued there for two 
years. Since then he has not been in active 
business, devoting his time to the management 
of his investments. He is a member of the 
St. Nicholas Society, New England Society of 



New York City, University Club, Racquet 
Club, New York Yacht Club, Manhattan Club, 
Larchmont Yacht Club, Cuttyhunk Fishing 
Club, Whist Qub, Wamsutta Club of New 
Bedford, Massachusetts, and Maryland Club of 
Baltimore, Maryland. In politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat. He is unmarried. 

(The Phoenix Line). 

(I) Alexander Phoenix, the immigrant an- 
cestor, probably of Scotch ancestry, settled in 
New Amsterdam, now New York, in 1643. 
In 1652 he removed to Rhode Island, where 
he purchased large tracts of land in Narra- 
gansett. He was living near Wickford, Rhode 
Island, as late as July 29, 1679. The surname 
is believed to be originally Fenwick. The name 
of his first wife is unknown. He married 
(second) Abigail Sewall, probably daughter 
of Thomas Sewall, and born .A.ugust 14, 1650. 
She was living May 23, 1717, when mention 
was made of her grandson, Charles Brown, 
son of her daughter Abigail. She had other 
daughters, whose names are not known. Chil- 
dren : Jacob, mentioned below ; Alexander, 
married in New York, October 29, 1704, Hes- 
ter Van Vorst. 

(II) Jacob, son of Alexander Phoenix, was 
born in New Orange, now Albany, New York, 
and baptized in the Dutch church at New 
Amsterdam, October 8, 165 1. He purchased, 
November 2, 1685, the bouwerie known as 
Klinkenbergh, behind the present city of Al- 
bany, and January 11, 1686, a house on the 
north side of Beaver street, between Broad- 
way and New street, where he lived until his 
death. He was a member of the Dutch church 
of New York, June 2, 1686; freeman of New 
York, 1698; was living as late as June 24, 
1727. He married, June 4, 1686, Anna (Van 
Vleeck) Beeck, in the Ehitch church of New 
York. She was the widow of William Beeck 
and daughter of Tielman Van Vleeck, the 
first sheriff and president of the court at 
Bergen, New Jersey, by his wife Magdalena. 
Children: John, baptized at the Dutch church. 
New York, January 12, 1687; Alexander, bap- 
tized May 5, 1689, died young; Ale.xander, 
mentioned below; Jacob, baptized November 
4, 1694, married Elizabeth Beek. 

(III) Ale.xander (2), son of Jacob Phoenix, 
was baptized in New York, December 5, 1690 
He was a freeman of New York City in 1732; 
member of the Blue Artillery Company in 
1738. His will was proved September 20, 
1770. He married (first) at New York, May 
30, 1712, Margaret Comfort. He married 
(second) at New York, July 19, 1723, Eliza- 
beth (Burger) Bockee or Bocquet. widow of 
Jacob Bockee or Bocquet, and daughter of 



142 



NEW ENGLAND. 



George and Elizabeth (Thomas) Burger. She 
was born July 31, 1692, married (first) June 
8, 1717, and died February 28, 1757. Chil- 
dren by first wife: Jacob, baptized in the Ehitch 
church, New York, April 29, 1713; Gerard, 
baptized August 3, 1715; Mary and Anna, 
twins, baptized April 14, 1717; Gerard, bap- 
tized January 3, 1720; Telamon, baptized Jan- 
uary 7, 1722. Children by second wife: John, 
baptized April 12, 1724; Alexander, baptized 
December 11, 1726; Anna, baptized April 8, 
1730; Catharine, baptized October 17, 1733; 
Daniel, baptized March 31, 1736, died young; 
Daniel, mentioned below. 

(IV) Daniel, son of ^Alexander (2) Phoenix, 
was baptized at the Dutch church, New York, 
July 13, 1737. He was a trustee of the Wall 
Street Presbyterian Church from 1772 to 1812; 
member of the general committee of one hun- 
dred. May 5, 1775, and on the committee to 
receive General Washington at the end of the 
revolutionary war, 1783 ; New York city treas- 
urer from 1784 to 1809; governor of New 
York hospital in 1787; secretary of the New 
York Insurance Company, 1795-99; trustee of 
the New York Society Library, 1795 to 1810; 
director of the Manhattan Company, 1803 to 
1 810. He died in New York City, May 16, 
1812. He married (first) Hannah (license 
dated February 8, 1770), daughter of Timo- 
thy and Mary (Piatt) Tredwell, of Smith- 
town, Long Island. He married (second) 
Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Zophar and Re- 
becca (Wood) Piatt, of Huntington, Long 
Island (license dated November 2, 1772). She 
died in 1784. Children, all by second wife: 

1. Gerard, born July 10, 1774, at New York. 

2. Elizabeth, born April 23, 1776, died De- 
cember I, 1844; married, E>ecember i, 1798, 
Nathaniel Gibbs Ingraham (see Ingraham 
VIII). 3. Alexander, born February 28, 1778, 
near Madison, New Jersey ; pastor of Con- 
gregational church at Chicopee, Massachusetts ; 
married (first) Martha (Patty), daughter of 
Nathaniel Gibbs and Juliana (Redfield) In- 

, graham, born July 9, 1786, died January 31, 
1810 (see Ingraham VIII). 4. Sidney, born 
October 7, 1779. 5. Rebecca, born January 17, 
1781. 6. Jennet, born July 15, 1782. 7. 
Amelia, born March 30, 1784. 

The Goodhue family is one 
GOODHUE of English extraction and the 
earliest date to which it has 
been traced in England is 1280 .\. D. In the 
eighth year of the reign of King Edward I., 
in various public records, are found the names 
of Wills GcKlhewen and Robs Godhewen 
(William and Robert Goodhue), both of the 
county of Kent. The name has been spelled 



Godhewen, (joodhugh, Goodhug, Godhewyn, 
Godhew and (jodhill. It is of Saxon origin, 
the first syllable "God" being Saxon for 
"good." It seems quite probable from all that 
can be learned regarding the ancestry of this 
family that William Goodhue, who came from 
England to America in 1635-36, and settled 
in Ipswich, Massachusetts, was a descendant 
of Wills Godhewen, of Kent, mentioned above. 
His name William, his origin from Kent, and 
the fact that in his day the name was fre- 
quently written Goodhew, are evidences of 
some weight. Robert and William Goodhew, 
of 1280, were agriculturists. 

Concerning the coat-of-arms of the Good- 
hue family there is extant a record of arms 
granted to one branch of the family in 1738 
and to another in 1790. Those granted in 
1738, on petition of Mary Goodhugh, widow 
of Richard Goodhugh, of Lender River, ifi the 
parish of Scale, in the county of Kent, are de- 
scribed as follows : "Gules, a chevron vaire 
between three talbots passant, argent; crest of 
adoption, a talbot as in the arms. Motto: 
Xec invedis. nee despicio. Of the arms 
granted in 1790 the following description is 
given : "Or on a chevron between three grif- 
fins' heads, erased gules, a swan's neck also 
erased, ducally gorged gold; on each side of 
the field a bee volant. Crest, a young shep- 
herd leaning on the stump of a tree, playing a 
flute, his dog by his side. Motto : Dieu avec 
nous ((jod with us)." 

(I) William Goodhue was born in England 
about 1612-13. He immigrated to America in 
1635-36. Before leaving England he married 
Margery Watson, of Kent, who died at Ips- 
wich. Massachusetts. August 28, 1668. She 
was the mother of all his children — two sons 
and one daughter. His second wife was the 
widow, Mary Webb, whom he married at 
Ipswich, February 7. 1669-70; she died Sep- 
tember 7, 1680. July 26, 1682. William Good- 
hue married the widow. Bethiah Grafton, 
whose death occurred December 6, 1688. His 
fourth wife was Remember Fisk, of Wenham, 
Massachusetts, who survived her husband and 
died at Ipswich, February 16, 1701-02. They 
were married in 1689. Children by first wife: 
Joseph, mentioned below ; William, born in 
1645 ; Mary. --' 

(II) Joseph, son of William and Margery 
(Watson) Goodhue, was born in 1639, at Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts. He married (first) July 
13, 1661, Sarah, daughter of John Whipple, 
one of the elders of the church. After his 
marriage Joseph inherited his father's farm 
and dwelling. He married (second) October 
15, 1684, Rachel Todd, a widow, who died at 
Ipswich in 1691. He married (third) Mercy 



NEW ENGLAND. 



143 



Clarke, likewise a widow, July 4, 1692. He 
died at Ipswich, September 2, 1697, at the age 
of fifty-eight years. When death called him 
he was moderator, selectman, assessor, repre- 
sentative to the general court and a deacon of 
the First Church. His children by first mar- 
riage were: Joseph, born May 13, 1662, died 
young; Mary; Sarah; Margery; Susannah; 
Elizabeth ; John, mentioned below ; Hannah, 
born July 20, 1681 ; William. Children by 
second marriage : Ebenezer, born July 25, 
1685; Joseph, 1687; Benjamin, January 25, 
1690, died December 3, 1697. Child of third 
marriage: Samuel, born April 6, 1696. 

(HI) John, seventh child of Joseph and 
Sarah (Whipple) Goodhue, was born in 1679. 
He married, in 1711, Sarah Sherwin, of Ips- 
wich. Children: Sarah, born in 1713; Han- 
nah, September 4, 1715; John, July 13, 1718; 
Elizabeth, December 28, 1719; John, mention- 
ed below. 

.(IV) John (2), youngest son of John (i) 
and Sarah (Sherwin) Goodhue, was born in 
January, 1721, and was well known as Lieu- 
tenant John Goodhue. He resided at Ipswich 
and died there January 15, 1815. He mar- 
ried, in 1743, Elizabeth Lampson, and had ten 
children : John, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, 
born July 13, 1746; Sarah, March 6, 1747; 
Lucy, May 6, 1750; Ebenezer, 1754; Ephraim, 
January 16, 1757; Priscilla ; Abner, January 
18, 1762; Eunice, March 4, 1764; Daniel, Au- 
gust 27, 1769. 

(V) John (3), son of John (2) and Eliza- 
beth (Lampson) Goodhue, ivas born in Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts. April 23, 1745, died May 
4, 1817. He married (fir.-t) August 27, 1772, 
Mercy Lampson, who died October 16, 1777; 
(second) Mary Potter, who died October 5, 
1821. Children by first marriage: John, born 
at Ipswich Hamlet, February 21, 1774; Eunice, 
February 12, 1776. Children by second mar- 
riage: Thomas, December 28, 1779; Isaac, 
mentioned below ; Ephraim and Manasseh 
(twins), July 30, 1783; Polly, June 3, 1785. 

(VI) Isaac, second son o^ John (3) and 
Mary (Porter) Goodhue, was born June 13, 
1781. He married, September 16, 1802, Sarah 
Henfield, of Salem, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried (second) in September, 1819, Mary Lea- 
rock, of Salem, who died June 7, 1856. He 
was noted for his great philanthropy and pub- 
lic spirit. Children of first wife: Margaret; 
Benjamin S., born June 16, 1812; Sarah Tar- 
rant, January 16, 1814; Mary Eliza, March 
15, 1818. Children of second wife: Jane Cath- 
erine, August 9, 1822, died 1840; Lydia B., 
October 6, 1824; Jane Gage, January 14, 1826; 
Henry A. and Ellen A. (twins), February i, 
1828, Henry A. is mentioned below; Isaac W., 



November 3, 1831, died at sea; Samuel D 
December i, 1833, died January 10, 1880; Ar- 
deha, born in Portland, Maine, October 31 
1835, died April 22, 1841. 

(VII) Henry A., son of Isaac and Mary 
(Learock) Goodhue, was born February i, 
1828, died August 8, 1880. He was a furni- 
ture merchant at Meriden, Connecticut, during 
his active life, and he was a soldier in the 
Mexican war. He married Emma Burdette, 
born at Elmira, New York, July 27, 1837, 
daughter of Samuel Burdette. Children: 
Henry A. Jr., born December 25, i860, died in 
1865 ; Isaac Walter, mentioned below ; Delia 
A., March 11, 1873. 

(VIII) Isaac Walter, second son of Henry 
A. and Emma (Burdette) Goodhue, was born 
in Boston, Massachusetts, November 22, 1862. 
He received his preliminary educational train- 
ing in the public schools of Meriden, Connec- 
ticut, and subsequently he was prepared at 
private schools for entrance to the Crozer 
Theological Seminary, at Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania. He was graduated from that institution 
in 1890, with the degree of Bachelor of Divin- 
ity. He was ordained to the Baptist ministry 
in 1S90 and became pastor of the Baptist 
church at Bristol, Pennsylvania. While living 
in Meriden, Connecticut, he was secretary of 
the Young Men's Christian Association of 
that city. He was pastor of a large church 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1898, and 
for several years was pastor of Ascension 
Church in New York City, being vice-presi- 
dent of the Young People's Society of the 
latter church. He is a life member of the 
Foreign Missionary Society. 

Notwithstanding the marked success of Mr. 
Goodhue in the ministry and as a pulpit orator, 
because of circumstances, he determined to 
leave the ministry and take up the study of 
law. Consequently he entered the law depart- 
ment of Columbia University, New York City, 
in 1898, and was graduated therefrom in 1900 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1901 and at once began 
the practice of civil law in New York City, 
with offices at 43 Wall street. Then followed 
what is quite unusual, a man educated and 
trained in one profession and eminently suc- 
cessful in the same, changing to another and 
quite different calling and also meeting with 
unqualified success in it. This has been the 
case with Mr. Goodhue. He is president and 
a director of the Continental Talc Company 
and in connection with his law work is a 
member of the New York County Bar Asso- 
ciation, the New York State Bar Association 
and the National Bar Association. He is also 
a member of the Alumni Association of Co- 



\ 



144 



NEW ENGLAND. 



lumbia University and belongs to the Repub- 
lican Oub of New York. He has completed 
the circle of York Rite Masonry, being affili- 
ated with Kane Lodge,' No. 454, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons; Royal Arch Masons, and 
Couer de Lion Commandery, Knights Temp- 
lar. He is likewise a member of Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 
and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Mr. Goodhue married and has one child, 
Walter Kendall, born at Waterbury, Connecti- 
cut, May 14, 1885. 

Simon Dearden, the ancestor 
DEARDEN of this family, lived and died 
in England. He married Har- 
riett Sinneston, and they had a son, William, 
of whom further. 

(H) William, son of Simon Dearden, was 
born in Manchester, England, August 25. 1817, 
died in July, 1894. He came to the United 
States and entered mercantile life at Spring- 
field, Massachusetts, after a similar career at 
Lowell, Northampton, England. He was a 
man of great business ability, and was also 
possessed of a brilliant mind and considerable 
literary talent. He married Sarah Faraday, 
born in Shropshire, England, in 1818, died in 
1856. They had a son, Robert Rowland, of 
whom further. 

(HI) Robert Rowland, son of William 
Dearden, was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, 
March 23, 1845. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, followed by a course 
in the English and Classical Institute at 
Springfield, Massachusetts. After the com- 
pletion of his education, he immediately be- 
came associated with his father in business at 
Springfield, continuing thus for a few years, 
but being of a literary turn of mind mercan- 
tile pursuits were extremely distasteful to him, 
and in 1867 or 1868 he went west and entered 
the publishing business in Chicago. He asscn 
ciated himself with the Blanchard Publishing 
Company, who issued maps and lithographs, 
and subsequently bought out the concern. He 
also associated himself with William F. Brew- 
ster, of the same firm, in the publication of 
the Northwestern Review; in 1869 he bought 
out the interests of Mr. Brewster, changing 
the name to the United States Reinew, and 
removing the enterprise to Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1875. Mr. Dearden has maintain- 
ed his active connection with this paper which 
has become the well known insurance organ 
of the United States, with a circulation in 
every state in the Union, and has been largely 
responsible for the immense growth of the 
insurance business in .*\merica, carrying in- 
formation into countless homes in regard to 



methods employed and benefits to be derived. 
As an insurance journalist, Mr. Dearden has 
shown himself to be in the leading ranks of 
the profession. He is president of the cor- 
poration which manages the Review, of which 
he is the editor, and his son, Robert Rowland 
Dearden Jr. is secretary and manager of the 
business. 

Soon after his removal to Philadelphia, Mr. 
Dearden entered political life, and was first 
elected to represent Philadelphia in the Penn- 
sylvania legislature in 1882, and was reelected 
in 1884-86-88-90, serving continuously for 
eight years as a representative of the city; 
for four years he was chairman of the impor- 
tant committee of appropriations. He was 
also chairman of the house insurance commit- 
tee in 1885, and in 1890 was unanimously 
chosen as a candidate for receiver of taxes of 
Philadelphia, on the Municipal League ticket, 
but he declined the nomination. He was again 
elected to the house of representatives in 1906, 
representing the twenty-second and forty-sec- 
ond wards of Philadelphia, the Germantown 
district, and has been reelected in the same 
capacity in 1907-09-11, serving until the pres- 
ent time, being a strong member of the Re- 
publican party. 

He has been a well known speaker on the 
stump for many years, and has made for 
himself a name as a writer on semi-literary 
subjects. During his early life, while out in 
the west at Omaha, then considered one of the 
frontier posts of civilization, he was a con- 
tributor to the Springfield Republican, depicting 
western life as he saw it. Mr. Dearden is a 
member of the Presbyterian church, and was 
for a time one of its trustees ; he is a member 
of the American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, and of the Columbia Club, of 
which he was president for four years. He 
resides with his family at Oak Lane, corner of 
Sixty-ninth avenue and North Eleventh street, 
Philadelphia. 

Mr. Dearden married, November 5, 1867, 
Ella Sherwin, daughter of Horace and Lydia 
(Sherwin) Chapin, the latter having been bom 
in Vermont, July 19, 1845. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dearden have three children: i. Grace Ella, 
born in Chicago, April 10, 1869; married Will- 
iam Elton ; children : William Dearden, Row- 
land Faraday and Roberta Chapin Elton. Mrs. 
Elton died March 15, 1907. 2. Robert Row- 
, land Jr., born in Chicago, January 3, 1871 ; he 
is secretary and manager of the corporation 
which publishes the United States Retnew, of 
which his father is president, as previously 
stated. He married Lotta Sutliffe; children: 
Robert Rowland 3rd, John Edward and Cath- 
erine. 3. Edward Chapin, born in Evanston, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



'45 



Illinois; married Elizabeth Blaborn, daughter 
of the well known oil cloth manufacturer. 
They have one child, Edward Chapin Jr. 

On both the paternal and the ma- 
BULL ternal sides, the Bull family of New 

York traces its origin to several of 
the oldest and most distinguished New Eng- 
land families of the colonial and revolutionary 
periods, the Bulls, the Lanmans, the Trum- 
btills, the Boylstons, the Coits and others. 

(I) Henry Bull, a native of South Wales, 
.was born in 1610, died in 1693. He came to 
America in 1635 and was the progenitor of 
all the Bull families of New England. After 
a short residence in the Alassachusetts Bay 
Colony he went to Rhode Island, being one 
of the followers of Roger Williams. With 
seventeen associates he purchased land in 1638 
and joined in the settlement of Newport, be- 
ing at once one of the leading men of the new 
colony. He was chosen sergeant of the town, 
with the care of the prison included in the 
duties of his office; while in 1689, when he 
was nearly eighty years of age, he accepted 
election as governor, when the duty of restor- 
ing the charter privileges of the colony after 
the fall of Andros made the office one of 
arduous labor and heavy responsibilities, so 
much so, in fact, that two others declined to 
serve in that capacity. He was admitted a 
freeman in Massachusetts, May 17, 1637. He 
was one of the tifty-eight followers of Wheel- 
wright and Mrs. Hutchinson, disarmed by 
order of the general court. Henry Bull was 
one of the founders of Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, having been associated in that enter- 
prise with men from Boston and vicinity ; this 
was in 1638. In the following year he became 
one of the founders of Newport. He was 
elected corporal of the train band, June 27, 
1638; chosen sergeant, November 24, 1638, 
and in 1641-42 he was designated as sergeant 
assistant. In 1655-57 he was one of the six 
commissioners from Newport to the general 
court of election at Providence, and from 1666 
to 1681 represented Newport in the general 
assembly. In 1674-76 he was assistant, and 
in 1685-86 and 1689-90 governor of Rhode 
Island. 

Henry Bull, according to the Friends' Rec- 
ords "aged about eighty-four years, departed 
this life at his own home in Newport, he 
being the last man of the first settlers of this 
Rhode Island, 22nd. iimo. 1693-4." He was 
buried in the Coddington ground, the old 
"Quaker Cemetery on Farewell Street" in 
Newport. The records of deeds indicate that 
he owned considerable property. The house 
1—10 



that he built on the easterly side of Spring 
street is still standing and is in the possession 
of his descendants, it being the only one re- 
maining of those built by the original settlers. 
On July 18, 1906, the Rhode Island Historical 
Society unveiled a tablet, attached to the house 
and inscribed : "The Gov. Bull house, the old- 
est house in Rhode Island. Built in part in 
1639 by Henry Bull, Governor under the Royal 
Charter of the Colony of Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, in the years 1685-6 
and 1690." 

He married (first) Elizabeth , who 

died October I, 1665, and was buried at New- 
port. He married (second) at Sandwich, 
Massachusetts, Esther Allen, born December 
18, 1648, died February 26, 1676, daughter of 
Ralph and Esther (Swift) Allen. He married 
(third) March 28, 1677, Ann Clayton, widow 
of Governor Nicholas Easton. She died Janu- 
ary 30, 1707, and was buried in the Codding- 
ton cemetery at Newport. Children : Jireh, 

mentioned below ; Elizabeth, married 

Allen ; Amey, married Edward Richmond. 

(II) Jireh, son of Henry Bull, was born 
at Portsmouth, September, 1638, died in 1684 
in Kingstown, probably. He was one of a 
company who purchased land in the Narragan- 
sett Country, June 29, 1660, and he signed 
articles relating to the Westerly lands, March 
22, 1661. He bought five hundred acres at 
Pettequamscott and thereafter seems to have 
resided on the west side of the bay except 
during King Philip's war. He and two others 
were appointed on a commission to the In- 
dians, August 19, 1669. By appointment of 
the governor he was a conservator of the 
peace in 1669-70, 1678 and 1683. He was 
assessor or rate-maker for Pettequamscott in 
1670; was appointed lieutenant and took the 
oath of fidelity. May 19, 1671 ; was appointed 
one of the commissioners to adjust the Con- 
necticut boundary line, May 14, 1672. Roger 
Williams in a letter dated June 27, 1675. to 
John Winthrop, written from Richard Smith's 
at Narragansett, says : "Just now comes in 
Sam Dier in a catch (ketch) from Newport, 
to fetch over Jireh Bull's wife and children 
and others of Pette<|uamscott." This was on 
account of King Philip's war and in December 
following Bull's garrison house was burned, 
ten Englishmen and five women and children 
were killed, but two escaping. After the war 
Jireh Bull returned to his home and five hun- 
dred acres of land were laid out to him De- 
cember 5, 1679. During the war he was prob- 
ably at Newport, for he was on a commission 
appointed .April 4, 1676. to make a census of 
the island, and August 24, 1676, he served on 



146 



NEW ENGLAND. 



a court-martial to try Indians. In 1683 serv- 
ices of the Church of England were read at 
his house. He died in 1684. 

The name of his wife is unknown. It is 

thought that she was Katherine , on 

whose estate administration was granted Au- 
gust 16, 1713. Children: Henry, of Kingstown, 
born 1658, died 1691 ; Jireh, mentioned below ; 
Mary, 1663, died June 13, 1754, married John 
Coggeshall; Ephraim, of Kingstown, born 
16^, died 1721 ; Ezekiel, of Kingstown, born 
1671, died September 7, 1727. 

(III) Jireh (2), son of Jireh (i) Bull, was 
born in 1659, died July 16, 1709. He married 
(first) Godsgift, born August 27, 1658, died 
April 23, 1691, eighth child of Governor and 
Damaris (W'estcott) Arnold. He married 

(second) Sarah . Children, born at 

Westerly, by his first wife: Jireh, 1682, died 
1709; Benjamin, married, December, 1710, 
Content James ; Benedict, mentioned below. 

(IV) Benedict, son of Jireh (2) Bull, was 
born in 1687 in Rhode Island. He settled in 
Milford, Connecticut, about 171 1. He mar- 
ried Sibella Brj'an. Children, born at Mil- 
ford: Benedict, 1717, killed in childhood by a 
fall; Sibella. February 14, 1719-20; Jii:eh, 
mentioned below; Benjamin, October 10, 1721, 
twin of Jireh, married (first) December 22, 
1748, Esther, daughter of Solomon Baldwin, 
(second) April 11, 1754, Anna Piatt; they 
lived at Milford; Godsgift, February 24, 1724; 
Content, about 1725, married a Mr. Bryan, of 
Milford. 

(V) Jireh (3), son of Benedict Bull, was 
born at Milford, Connecticut, October 10, 
1721. He married Sibella, daughter of Jere- 
miah Peck. Children, born at Milford: Si- ■ 
bella, married Daniel Buckingham ; Jabez, 
mentioned below ; Jerusha, married David 
Noble ; Content, married David Baldwin ; 
Henry, born 1754; Jeremiah, born March 10, 

1757- 

(VI) Jabez, son of Jireh (3) Bull, was 
born at Milford, Connecticut, January 19, 
1747. In 1790 Jeremiah Bull was head of a 
family at Milford, according to the first Fed- 
eral census. Anna Bull (doubtless widow of 
Benjamin) was living with one male over six- 
teen and two females in her family, in 1790. 
Benjamin and Temperance Bull were also 
heads of families in Milford. Hinman calls 
Jabez "Benedict Jabez," as if he had assumed 
the name. Jabez Bull rnarried Naomi Bridge. 
Children, born at Milford: James, married a 
Miss Bryan ; Lucy, married William Atwater ; 
Jireh, mentioned below. 

(VII) Jireh (4), son of Jabez Bull, was 
born in Milford about 1770-80. He married 
Elizabeth Atwater, probably a sister or near 



relative of William Atwater, who married 
Lucy Bull. One child, Frederic, mentioned 
below. 

(VIII) Frederic, son of Jireh (4) Bull, 
was born in Milford, Connecticut, July 17, 
1800, died in 1871. He was a prominent busi- 
ness man in New York City for more than a 
third of a century preceding his death at his 
country seat in Montclair, New Jersey, in 1871. 
He was head of the New York family bearing 
the name. He married Mary Huntington Laii- 
man, born May 28, 1804, at Norwich, Con- 
necticut, and died in 1880 (see Lanman). The 
ceremony was performed in 1829. Children: 
Sara, Elizabeth, Mary H., Caroline W., Abi- 
gail T., Frederic, William Lanman, mentioned 
below ; Anna C. 

(IX) William Lanman, seventh child and 
youngest son of Frederic and Mary Hunting- 
ton (Lanman) Bull, was born in New York 
City, August 23, 1844. After a good prepara- 
tory education he completed his studies in the 
College of the City of New York, from which 
he was graduated in 1864. He then began his 
business career by entering the banking house 
of Edward Sweet & Company, the senior part- 
ner of this firm being a brother-in-law of iMr. 
Bull. In 1867 he became a partner in the firm, 
a relation that he has maintained uninterrupt- 
edly down to the present time, a period of 
forty-five years. Outside of his banking 
business Mr. Bull has been otherwise promi- 
nent in business and in social life. Twice he 
has been president of the New York Stock 
Exchange and his important railroad connec- 
tions have included membership in the director- 
ates of the Northern Pacific, the East Ten- 
nessee, Virginia & Georgia, the New York, 
Susquehanna & Western, and the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe railroads. He is a valued 
and appreciative member of the following 
prominent organizations : The Chamber of 
Commerce, Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
Museum of Natural History, Metropolitan 
Museum of Art, Historical Society, Sons of 
the American Revolution, New York Zoolog- 
ical Society and others, and is affiliated with 
the following clubs : Century Association, Gro- 
lier. Union, Metropolitan, Republican, Ardsley, 
Church, City Midday, Alpha Delta Phi, Man- 
hattan Society, and the Phi Beta Kappa honor- 
ary fraternity. The Bull home is at 805 Fifth 
avenue. New York. 

William Lanman Bull married, February 15, 
1 87 1, Sarah Newton, born March 28, 1851, 
daughter of Henry Rossiter and Sarah (New- 
ton) Worthington, and granddaughter of Ad- 
miral Newton, of the United States navy. The 
father of Mrs. Bull was one of the most suc- 
cessful inventors and manufacturers of his 



NEW ENGLAND. 



'47 



generation. He invented the steam pump and 
was the pioneer in the manufacture of pump- 
ing machinery. He was born in New York 
in 1817, and died in New York, in 1880. His 
father was Asa Worthington, a prominent 
merchant of New York, who was for many- 
years in the South American trade and was 
United States consul at Lima. Peru. The 
American founder of the Worthington family 
came over in 1649. He was descended from 
Sir Nicholas Worthington, of Worthington, 
England, who fell at Naseby, defending the 
cause of King Charles. The mother of Mrs. 
Bull was a daughter of Commodore John T. 
Newton, United States navy ; Commodore 
Newton had a long and notable career. Born 
in Alexandria, \'irginia, in May, 1793, he died 
in Washington, D. C, in July, 1857. He was 
appointed midshipman in 1809, lieutenant in 
1813, commander in 1827, captain in 1837, and 
commodore in 1857. He saw service on the 
"Hornet" in the war of 1812, commanded the 
steamships "Fulton" and "Missouri," had 
charge of the Pensacola, Florida, and the 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, navy-yards, and 
was t^ag officer of the home squadron in 1848- 
52. Children born to Mr. and Mrs. Bull: i. 
Frederic, mentioned below. 2. Henry Worth- 
ington, born March 27, 1874, at Montclair, 
New Jersey ; married Maude Livingston, in 
March, 1906. 3. William Lanman Jr., born 
July 16, 1880; married Matilda E. Heppen- 
heimer, in 1904; they have one child, Eliza- 
beth W., born November 25, 1904. 

(X) Frederic (2), son of William Lanman 
Bull, was born at Montclair, New Jersey, De- 
cember II, 1871. He attended the Cutler 
School in New York City and the Stevens' 
Technological School, in which he took the 
mechanical engineering course. For five years 
he practiced his profession in New York City, 
in the employ of the Henry R. Worthington 
Company. He became a clerk in the banking 
house of Edward Sweet & Company, 34 Pine 
street, New York City, in 1898, and in the 
following year was admitted to partnership 
in the firm, continuing in that capacity to the 
present time (1912). Mr. Bull is a member 
of the Union, Racquet, City Midday, West- 
minister Kennel and Knickerbocker clubs ; the 
Brook Club of New York; New England Soci- 
ety of New York ; Metropolitan Club of Wash- 
ington, D. C. In politics he is a stalwart Re- 
publican, and in his religious faith is a com- 
municant of Grace Protestant Episcopal 
Church of New York. 

He married, October 2, 1895, Helen, born in 
Brooklyn, New York, October 15, 1871, daugh- 
ter of Jeremiah Potter and Margaret Down- 



ing (Lanman) Robinson. Children: Frederica, 
born June 30, 1896; Helen, November 6, 1900! 

(The Lanman Line). 

The Lanman family, to which Mrs. Fred- 
eric Bull belonged, was of English origin. Its 
founder in this country was James Lanman, 
of London, 1692-1775, who came to America 
about 1700 and settled in Boston. In 1714 he 
married Joanna, daughter of Dr. Thomas and 
Lucy (Gardner) Boylston, of Roxbury, Mas- 
sachusetts. He removed to Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1724, and there his son, Peter Lan- 
man, 1725-1804, was born. Peter Lanman 
married, in 1764, Sarah Spalding Coit, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Samuel Coit, of Preston, Con- 
necticut. During most of his life Peter Lan- 
man was a prominent shipping merchant at 
Norwich, Connecticut, where he died. The 
Coit family was derived from the oldest set- 
tlers in Connecticut. Colonel Samuel Coit, 
the great-grandfather of Mrs. Frederic Bull, 
was a resident of Plainfield and Preston (now 
Griswold), Connecticut. He was born in 
Plainfield, in 1708, and his wife, whom he 
married, in 1730, was Sarah Spalding, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Spalding, of Plainfield. He 
was several times a member of the general 
assembly of the state and a judge of the county 
court. His daughter Sarah was born in 1743. 
The parents of Colonel Coit were the Rev. Jo- 
seph and Experience (Wheeler) Coit, of New 
London, Connecticut. The Rev. Joseph Coit, 
born in 1673, was the son of Joseph Coit, of 
New London, who died in 1704, and his wife, 
Alartha Harris, daughter of William and Edith 
Harris, of Wethersfield, Connecticut ; he was 
a grandson of the founder of the family in 
America, namely, John Coit, who came hither 
from Wales, in 1630, and settled in Salem, 
Massachusetts, afterward removing to New 
London. The wife of John Coit was Mary 
Gennes. He died in 1659 and his wife died in 
1676. 

Peter Lanman, of Norwich, Connecticut, 
1771-1854, was a son of Peter and Sarah 
Spalding (Coit) Lanman. His wife was Abi- 
gail Trumbull, 1781-1861, daughter of David 
Trumbull, whose father was Jonathan Trum- 
bull, governor of Connecticut from 1769 until 
1783, and through the whole period of the 
American revolution a trusted supporter and 
confidential adviser of General Washington. 
The wife of Governor Trumbull was Faith 
Robinson, a direct descendant of John .Mden 
and Priscilla Mullins. Mary Huntington Lan- 
man, who married Frederic Bull (see Bull 
VIII), was the daughter of Peter and Abigail 
(Trumbull) Lanman. 



148 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Francis Eaton, the immigrant an- 
EATON cestor of this family, came from 
England to Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, in 1620, in the "Mayflower," and signed 
the famous compact on board that historic 
vessel. He was a carpenter by trade. He was 
admitted a freeman in 1633, and March 25, 
1633, was rated at nine shilHngs. His wife 
Sarah, son Samuel, and infant, came with him. 
His wife died before 1627; Bradford says she 
died "in the generall sicknes which was in the 
winter of 1620-21." He married a second 
wife, who died soon, and he married (third) 
Christian Penn, who came over in the "Ann," 
in 1623. He removed from Plymouth to Dux- 
bury, where he died in the latter part of 1633. 
Administration on his estate was granted to 
Thomas Prence and John Doane, November 
25, same year. In July, 1634, his widow mar- 
ried Francis Billington, by whom she had eight 
children. Children of Francis Eaton, by first 
wife: Samuel, born in England or Holland, 
1620. By second wife : Rachel, born in Plym- 
outh, 1624-25, married, March 2, 1645, Joseph 
Ramsden. By third wife: Benjamin, of whom 
further. There were two other children, one 
an "ideote," and another who probably died 
without issue. 

(H) Benjamin, son of Francis Eaton, was 
born in Du.xbury, Massachusetts, about 1627. 
He was apprenticed or bound out February 
II, 1635, for fourteen years, including two 
years at school, to Bridget Fuller, widow. In 
1648 he was of Du.xbury, and in 1650 of 
Plymouth, and was admitted to the first church 
there, March 19, 1693. He married, December 
4, 1660, Sarah, daughter of William Hoskins ; 
he was a grantee of Middleboro, but never 
lived there. Children: William, born about 
1662, will proved March 18, 1690-91 ; Benja- 
min, of whom further; Ebenezer, born about 
1667; Rebecca, married Josiah Richard. 

(III) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
Eaton, was born at Plymouth, in 1664. His trade 
was that of "housewright" at Kingston, then a 
part of Plymouth. His will was dated April 
3, 1745, and proved December 20 same year. 
He married (first) December 18, 1689, Mary 
Coombs, who had twelve children by him. He 

married (second) Susanna , who died 

April 13, 1739, aged seventy years. Children, 
born at Kingston: William, June i, 1691 ; 
Hannah, February 16, 1692; Jabez, February 
8, 1693. died young; Daniel, 1694; Sarah, Oc- 
tober 20, 1695; John, October 6, 1697; Ben- 
jamin, 1698; Francis, of whom further; 
Elisha, about 1702; Mary, married Zachariah 
Souls ; Elizabeth, married Cornelius Sturte- 
vant; David, born about 1709. 

(IV) Francis (2), son of Benjamin (2) 



Eaton, was born about 1700, at Kingston, and 
lived at Middleboro, where he died before 
1748. He joined the church there, September 
30- 1733- He married (first) Thankful Al- 
den, and (second) in 1727, Lydia, daughter of 
John Fuller. Among their children was John, 
of whom further. 

(V) John, son of Francis (2) Eaton, was 
born about 1730. He lived for a time at Pel- 
ham, Massachusetts. He married Patience 
Shelley. Among their children were Dr. 
Eliphaz and Jairus, both further mentioned 
below. 

( VI) Dr. Eliphaz Eaton, son of John Eaton, 
was born at Pelham, March 3, 1773. He mar- 
ried, in 1797, Polly Barnes, a native of Green- 
wich, Massachusetts. They resided a few 
years at Hartford, Vermont, and then moved 
to Barnard, where he studied medicine. Dr. 
Eaton practiced at Eden for a time, and in 
1805 located at Enosburg, where he practiced 
about si.xty-five years, the first physician of 
the town, and for many years the only one. 
Children : Amanda, died at Enosburg, April 
19, 1823, aged twenty- four years ; Sophia, died 
June 3, 1821, aged twelve years; Oren, died 
August 23, 1803, aged si.xteen months ; Horace, 
of whom further ; Maro, lived in Magnolia, 
Iowa ; Aley, died September 4, 1855, aged 
forty-seven years ; Rollin, died in Philadelphia, 
October 13, 1858; Sophia, wife of D. C. Har- 
wood; Anne, wife of Henry Dixon, of Ben- 
nington. Dr. Eaton died November 22, 1846, 
and his wife January 29, 1865, aged eighty- 
seven years. 

(VII) Dr. Horace Eaton, son of Dr. Eliphaz 
Eaton, was born at Barnard, Vermont, June 
22. 1804. He was educated in the public 
schools and at St. Albans Academy ; taught 
school for a time, and entered Middlebury 
College. He studied medicine in his father's 
ofiice, and graduated from the Medical Col- 
lege at Castleton, Vermont. He practiced with 
his father at Enosburg, and afterward with 
his brother. Dr. Rollin Eaton. He was town 
clerk several years, representative in the state 
legislature six years, state senator six years, 
lieutenant-governor five years, governor two 
years, state superintendent of schools five 
years, and a member of the constitutional 
council. He was six years a professor in 
Middlebury College. He married (first) Au- 
gust 14, 1831, Cordelia H. L. Fuller; (sec- 
ond) Edna Palmer. From his epitaph we 
quote: "Enlightened, learned and conscien- 
tious, he discharged the duties of every sta- 
tion with eminent ability and uprightness. 
This monument is erected by his friends in 
token of his great merit as a public man and a 
citizen." 



NEW ENGLAND. 



149 



(VI) Jairus. son of John Eaton, settled 
early in the nineteenth century in Enosburg, 
Vermont. He married Lucy Bennett, and they 
joined the Methodist class there in 1813. 
Among their children were two sons who en- 
tered the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal 
church : Jairus and Bennett, both further men- 
tioned below. 

(\'II) Rev. Bennett Eaton, son of Jairus 
( I ) Eaton, was born at Enosburg, Vermont, 
December 31, 1806, died at Crescent, New 
York, March, 1872. He was educated ir> the 
. public schools, and received the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts from Middlebury College. He was 
repeatedly a member of the Vermont legis- 
lature, representing his native town. He united 
with the Methodist Episcopal church of Enos- 
burg in November, 1827, and was soon after 
chosen class leader. He gave up that office 
to go out as a traveling preacher in his denomi- 
nation. He was for a time pastor of the Enos- 
burg church, and wrote a historical sketch of 
the church in that town for "The Vermont 
Historical Magazine," and in 1866 published 
"An Essay on Death, its Author and Cause." 
He married, about 1829, Betsey Maria, born 
January 21, 1809, daughter of Joel and Han- 
nah (Billings) Webster. Children: Rev. Joel 
Webster Eaton, D. D., born September 21, 
1831 ; Rev. Homer Eaton, D. D., LL. D., of 
whom further; Lucy Maria Eaton, born De- 
cember 5, 1836. 

(Vnf) Rev. Homer Eaton, D. D., LL. D., 
son of Rev. Bennett Eaton, was born at Enos- 
burg, Vermont, November 16, 1834. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native town, 
the Bakersfield (Vermont) Academy, and the 
Methodist Theological Seminary at Concord, 
New Hampshire, from which he was graduated 
in 1857. In the same year he was admitted to 
the Troy annual conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and his first pastorate was 
in the city of Troy, New York. In 1861 he 
was chosen first assistant secretary of the con- 
ference, and was secretary from 1870 to 1877. 
In 1872 he was a delegate to the general con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
held at Brooklyn, New York, and by that body 
was appointed one of the fraternal delegates to 
the general conference of the Methodist church 
in Canada. He was reserve delegate to the gen- 
eral conference in 1876, and delegate to each 
of the general conferences in 1880-84-88-92- 
•96-1900-04-08-12. In 1881 he was a delegate 
to the Methodist ecumenical conference held 
in London, England, and again in 1901. He 
was elected agent of the Methodist Book Con- 
cern in 1889, and since then has had charge 
of that immense publishing business, with head- 
quarters in New York City, the annual sales of 



which amount to more than a million dollars 
annually. Since 1896 he has been treasurer 
of the board of foreign missions of the M. 
E. church and has traveled in Europe and 
Asia in the interests of that board. During 
his ministerial life he was successively pastor 
of many of the principal churches in his con- 
ference, and has for a long time ranked among 
the foremost clergymen of his denomination 
in the country. In 1878 he received the degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from Syracuse Univer- 
sity, and later was honored with the degree of 
Doctor of Laws by the same institution. Dr. 
Eaton's office is at 150 I*"ifth avenue, New 
York City. 

Dr. Eaton married, April 28, 1858, Hannah, 
born March 19, 1834, daughter of Jacob and 
Rowena (Keith) Saxe, of Sheldon, Vermont, 
granddaughter of John Saxe, of German an- 
cestry (see Saxe III). 

(VII) Rev. Jairus (2) Eaton, son of Jairus 
(i) Eaton, was born at Enosburg, Vermont, 
December 8, 1808, and died at Warren, Ver- 
mont, December 25, 1861. He was a preacher 
of the Methodist Episcopal church at Enos- 
burg, and in various other parishes in \'er- 
mont, and for several years represented War- 
ren in the legislature. He married, July 4, 
1832, Hannah Giddings, of Bakersfield. 

(The Saxe Line). 
(Compiled by John W. Saxe, Esq., Beaton). 

(I) John Saxe, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in Langensalza, near Saxe-Gotha, Ger- 
many, in 1732. He came to Philadelphia about 
1750. He married, November 18, 1771, Cath- 
erine Wever, born in 1744, at Rhinebeck, New 
York. After the revolution he joined a com- 
pany of many German loyalists from Dutchess 
county. New York, who were on their way to 
Messisquot Bay, now Phillipsburg, Canada, 
finally settling at Saxes Mills in \'ermont. 
Here the pioneer, as a farmer and miller, lived 
and had a family of eight sons who accom- 
panied his wife and himself on their journey 
up the Hudson river and thence through Lake 
Champlain, and one daughter, .-Xnna, who was 
born after the migration. 

(II) Jacob, seventh son of John Saxe, set- 
tled at Plattsburg, New York, where he was 
at one time engaged as an iron founder at the 
mouth of the Salmon river, and after years 
of great activity and financial reverses, he re- 
turned to \'ermont, spending his declining 
years on a farm at Sheldon, Vermont. He 
married Rowena Keith, whose father was born 
August 2, 1783. at Rhinebeck, New York, died 
November 12, 1866. at Sheldon. Vermont; he 
married, December 23, 1812. Rowena, eldest 
daughter of .Alfred Keith, born March 31. 



ISO 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1794, at Pittsford, Vermont, and died March 
25, 1873, at Sheldon, Vermont. 

(Ill) Hannah, eleventh child and . fourth 
daughter of Jacob Saxe, was born March 19, 
1834, at Sheldon, Vermont. She married, 
April 28, 1858, Rev. Homer Eaton, born No- 
vember 16, 1834, at Enosburg, Vermont (see 
Eaton Vni). Airs. Hannah (Saxe) Eaton 
was a first cousin of John Godfrey Saxe, who 
for many years was so popular as a poet and 
lecturer in Lyceum courses, and who died at 
Albany in March, 1887. She had eight brothers : 
Alfred, George, and Godfrey, who were in 
the Methodist ministry; Edward, a pioneer, 
settled at Saxeville, Wisconsin, was killed in 
the civil war : Robert J., was a merchant at 
Sheldon and Omaha, Nebraska, and at one 
time was consul of the United States at St. 
Johns, Province of Quebec, Canada; Arthur 
W., a prominent physician and state senator 
at Santa Clara, California; Jacob W., a mer- 
chant at Boston ; Herman A., for many years 
a teacher at San Jose, California. Her sister, 
Rowena K., is now widow of Emerson W. 
Keyes, formerly superintendent of schools in 
Brooklyn. Her brother, Herman A., and Mrs. 
Eaton are the only survivors of a family of 
thirteen children. 



The surname Chauncy is 
CHAUNCEY of Norman origin, derived 

from Canchy, a place in 
Normandy. The ancestry of President Chaun- 
cy, of Harvard, is traced to the time of the 
Norman Conquest in several lines and to 
Charlemagne in one pedigree. The paternal 
ancestry is given by Sir Henry Chauncy in the 
History of Hertfordshire. The Chauncys occu- 
pied estates in Yorkshire as hereditary barons 
of Skirpenbeck from 1066 to 1399, removing 
then to Gedleston or Newplace in Hertford- 
shire. 

(I) Chauncy de Chauncy came to England 
from Normandy in 1066 with the Conqueror. 

(II) William de Chauncy, his son, was Bar- 
on of Skirpenbeck. 

(III) Walter de Chauncy, his son, was also 
Baron. 

(IV) Anfride de Chauncy, his son, had sons 
Walter and Roger. 

(V) Roger de Chauncy, his son, had sons 
Robert and Hugh. 

(VI) Robert de Chauncy, his son, was Bar- 
on in the twenty-third year of Henry III. 

(VII) Thomas de Chauncy, his son, mar- 
ried Isabel de Chauncy, of another branch of 
the family, daughter of Sir Philip. 

(VIII) William de Chauncy, his son, was 
Baron of Skirpenbeck, in the second year of 
Edward II.. 



(IX) Thomas de Chauncy, his son, was 
Baron in the seventeenth year of Edward III. 

(X) William de Chauncy, his son, married 
Joan, daughter of Sir Roger Bigod, son of 
Roger, son of Sir John. Through intermar- 
riages with the royalty, the ancestry is traced 
to Charlemagne and Alfred the Great. 

(XI) John de Chauncy, son of Sir William, 
married Margaret Gifford, whose ancestry is 
traced to the Earls of Northumberland and the 
early Saxon kings. 

(XII) John Chauncy, his son, married Ann 
Leventhorp, died May 7, 1479, and was buried 
in the church at Sawbridgeworth. 

(XIII) John Chauncy, his son, married a 
daughter of Thomas Boyce. 

(XIV) John Chauncy, his son, married Eliz- 
abeth Mansfield, widow, and died June 4, 1546. 

(XV) Henry Chauncy, his son, possessed 
great wealth in land ; built a house called New 
Place on his manor of Gifford's of Gelston ; he 
died April 24, 1587. 

(XVI) George Chauncy, his son, was father 
of President Qiauncy. He married (first) 
Jane, daughter of John Cornwall, of Yardley. 
He married (second) Agnes, daughter of Ed- 
ward Welsh, of Great Wymondley, and widow 
of Edward Humberston, by whom he had 
George, Edward and President Charles. He 
had children also by his first wife. He had 
estates at Yardley, New Place, Gififords, 
Netherhall and others. His home was at Yard- 
ley Bury, Hertfordshire, where he died in 1625, 

(XVII) Charles Chauncy, the second presi- 
dent of Harvard College, was the immigrant 
ancestor of the Chauncey (Chauncy) family in 
the United States. He was the fifth son of 
George Chauncy, of New Place and Yardley 
Bury in Hertfordshire, England. Charles 
Chauncy was baptized November 5, 1592, thir- 
ty-fourth year of Elizabeth, in Yardley Bury 
Church, Hertfordshire. He received his pre- 
paration for entrance into the University in 
the famous Westminster School, where on No- 
vember 5, 1605, he with the other members of 
the school came near falling victims to the 
famous "Gunpowder Plot" of Guy Fawkes, be- 
cause of the nearness of the school to the 
parliament house. He entered the University 
as a student of Trinity Collie, Cambridge, 
where he received the degree of B. A. in 1613, 
and that of M. A. in 1617. He became a fellow 
of the College and was honored in 1624 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Divinity. Because 
of his deep knowledge of Oriental literature, 
he was chosen by the heads of the houses as 
Professor of Hebrew, but since Dr. William, 
the vice-chancellor, preferred a relative of his 
own, Mr. Chauncy withdrew his pretensions, 
and was appointed Professor of Greek. While 



NEW ENGLAND. 



151 



he was living at Cambridge he composed sev- 
eral Latin and Greek poems which are still in 
existence, and he had a high reputation at 
Cambridge for his learning. In 1627 he be- 
came vicar of Ware, Hertfordshire, probably 
obtaining the place through the master and 
fellows of Trinity College, who were patrons 
of the vicarage. He soon became involved in 
the church difficulties of the times, and in Jan- 
uary, 1629, was questioned in the high com- 
mission court for having preached against the 
church: the case was referred to Bishop Laud, 
on condition that Mr. Chauncy submit to what 
the bishop decided. In 1635 he was again 
prosecuted in the high commission for oppos- 
ing the railing in of the communion table at 
Ware, and he was suspended, cast into prison, 
condemned to costs and obliged to make a 
humiliating recantation ; he never was able dur- 
ing the remainder of his life to forgive him- 
self for conforming to their orders. He seems 
to have preached for a short time at Marston- 
Lavvrence before he went to Ware. 

He sailed from England late in 1637, arriv- 
ing at Plymouth, Massachusetts, a few days 
before the great earthquake, which occurred 
June I, 1638. Here he preached with the Rev. 
Mr. Reynor for about three years, and but for 
his views on the baptism of infants would have 
been called to settle as a minister in Plymouth. 
In 1641 he was elected pastor of the church at 
Scituate, Massachusetts, succeeding Rev. John 
Lathrop, who had moved to Barnstable. In 
addition to his duties as minister, he practiced 
as a physician, and Mather says that he was 
well fitted for that work. He also prepared 
young men for college, among them the cele- 
brated Mr. Thomas Thacher. In Scituate he 
also had a controversy on the subject of bap- 
tism with William Vassal, who headed the 
church formed from those who had separated 
from Chauncy's church. His many trials there 
made him desire to change his residence, for 
although he had many friends there, he some- 
times had not even the necessaries of life. He 
had received an invitation from his people in 
Ware, England, to return to them as their min- 
ister, for his party were in power and his old 
persecutor had been beheaded. While he was 
in Boston making preparations to remove his 
family to England, to accept the call to Ware, 
the overseers of Harvard College, unwilling 
to lose so valuable a man, "on November 2, 
1654, deputed Mr. Richard Mather and Mr. 
Norton to tender to him the place of President, 
with the stipend of one hundred pounds, to be 
paid out of the county treasury, and also to 
signify to him, that it is expected and desired 
that he forbare to disseminate or publish any 
tenets concerning immersion baptism, and the 



celebration of the Lord's Supper in the even- 
ing, or to expose the received doctrine thereon." 
"He made no difficulty in complying with this 
desire, and was ever punctual in the regard he 
paid to it." He was inaugurated November 
29, 1654. Mather gives a description of his 
character which could hardly be equalled by 
other Puritans of the time, and shows what a 
highly educated and prominent man he was ; 
he says of his preaching: "He was, indeed, an 
exceeding plain preacher, frequently saying 
Artis est celare artem; and yet a more learn- 
ed and lively preacher has rarely been heard." 
In August, 1655, he petitioned the general 
court for a larger salary, as the one allowed 
him was insufficient to provide a living for his 
large family. On May 23, 1655, the court 
granted him five hundred acres of land, and 
this may have been the land said to have been 
given him on the Charles river, or the land in 
Marlborough, formerly called "Chauncy." On 
May 23, 1655, the court directed the treasurer 
to pay him thirty pounds. On May 27, 1663, 
he again petitioned the court, and the commit- 
tee decided that the court had paid him all that 
was right, while the deputies decided to pay 
him five pounds a quarter out of the county 
treasury to supply his wants ; the magistrates 
did not consent to this provision. Although as 
he grew old he became very feeble in body, his 
mind remained strong to the last, and even 
when he had almost to be carried he preached 
sermons occasionally. His friends begged him 
to cease his labors, saying he would surely die 
in the pulpit if he continued to work so hard, 
and he only replied : "How glad should I be, 
if what you say might prove true." He made 
his farewell oration at the beginning of the 
year 1671, and took a solemn farewell of his 
friends, dying February 19, 1671, aged seven- 
ty-nine years. He is remembered as one of the. 
first ministers of New England. The princi- 
pal works published by President Charles 
Chauncy were: "The Oration before the Span- 
ish and Austrian Ambassadors" : "The Latin 
and Greek Poems" : "The Catechism" : "The 
Retraction of Charles Chauncy," published by 
him in 1641, for the satisfaction of those who 
might be offended with his submission before 
the High Commission Court, February 11, 
1635; "A Sermon," 1655; "A Sermon," de- 
livered the day after Commencement. 1655 : 
"Twenty-six Sermons," 1659; ".'\ntisynodalia 
Scripta Americana," his last published work, 
so far as is known. 

He married, March 17. 163". Catharme, 
daughter of Robert Eyre, of Sarum. Wilts, 
England, and .'\gnes or .A.nn his wife, daugh- 
ter of the celebrated John Still, bishop of Bath ' 
and Wells. She died January 24. 1667. Chil- 



152 



NEW ENGLAND. 



dren: Sarah, born at Ware, England, June 12, 
1631; Isaac, born at Ware, August 23, 1632; 
Ichabod, born at Ware, 1635; Barnabas, in 
England, 1637; Nathaniel, mentioned below; 
Elnathan, twin of Nathaniel, born about 1639, 
in Plymouth, Massachusetts; Israel, born at 
Scituate, 1644; Hannah. 

(XVIII) Rev. Nathaniel Chauncy, son of 
President Charles Chauncy, was born about 
1639, at Plymouth, Massachusetts, twin of El- 
nathan, and was baptized at Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1641. He attended Harvard Col- 
lege, taking his tirst degree there in 1661, with 
his brother Elnathan and his youngest brother 
Israel. In 1664 he took the degree of Master 
of Arts, and afterwards was a fellow of the 
College. He preached in Windsor as a candi- 
date, October 14, 1687, and was called by the 
members of the church, being the successor of 
Rev. Warham and Rev. Huit, the first pastors 
of the church. He was constantly engaged in 
controversy in Windsor, Connecticut, as the 
church was divided. He remained in Windsor 
for twelve years, and on November 10, 1679, 
was invited to preach as a candidate at Hat- 
field, Massachusetts; on January 21, 1680, the 
town invited him to settle as their minister, 
and he accepted, residing there the remainder 
of his life, preaching about five years. He 
died November 4, 1685, and on December 7, 
1685, the town voted to pay the expenses of 
his funeral. He married Abigail, daughter of 
Elder John Strong, mentioned elsewhere in 
this work, at Northampton, November 12, 1673. 
She married (second) Deacon Medad Pom^- 
eroy, September 8, 1686, who died December 
30, 1 7 16, aged seventy-eight ; Abigail died April 
15, 1704. She had a son Samuel by her sec- 
ond husband, who was born in 1687, attended 
Yale College, and was minister at Newtown, 
.Long Island. Rev. Nathaniel Chauncy left a 
very valuable library for the times, much of 
which he inherited from his father, and many 
of the books are still owned by his descend- 
ants. Children: Isaac, born September 6, 1674; 
Katherine, January 12, 1676; Abigail, October 
14, 1677; Charles. September 3, 1679; Nathan- 
iel, mentioned below ; Sarah, 1683. 

fXIX) Rev. Nathaniel (2) Chauncy, son 
of Rev. Nathaniel (i) Chauncy, was bom in 
Hatfield, September 21, 1681. His father died 
when he was four years of age, and he was 
brought up by his uncle. Rev. Israel Chauncy, 
who agreed to educate him for the use of his 
father's library. He attended Yale College, as 
his uncle was one of the founders of that col- 
lege, and his name stands on the Triennial 
Catalogue as the first who received a d^ree 
■there. He was admitted to the church in Strat- 
ford. He taught school for a time after grad- 



uation in Springfield, Massachusetts, keeping 
up his studies for the ministry meanwhile. He 
commenced preaching at Durham, Connecticut, 
May 23, 1706, and after serving on probation 
nearly five years was ordained February 17, 
171 1. He was one of the ablest preachers of 
his day. His sermons were delivered without 
notes, in a distinct and earnest tone. He was 
loved and respected by his people, and was a 
very strong man, with a magnetic personality. 
The works published by him were : A sermon 
entitled "Honouring God the True Way to 
Honour"; "Regular Singing Defended"; "The 
Faithful Servant Rewarded." He married, Oc- 
tober 12, 1708, Sarah Judson, of Stratford, 
daughter of Captain James Judson, who was 
son of Joseph Judson, who came from Eng- 
land with his father, William Judson, when he 
was fifteen years of age, and lived in Concord 
four years and later in Stratford ; Joseph Jud- 
son married Sarah, daughter of John Porter, 
of Windsor; Captain Judson married Rebecca, 
daughter of Thomas Wells, of Hartford. Mrs. 
Chauncy was bom February 16, 1682, died 
May 31, 1745. Children: Elihu, mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, born February 24, 171 1 ; Israel, 
died a bachelor in Durham; Charles, served in 
revolution ; William, lived in northwestern part 
of Connecticut; Catharine, born September 22, 
1714; Abigail, October 2, 1717; Nathaniel, 
January 21, 1720; Elnathan, September 10, 
1724. 

(XX) Elihu Chauncey, son of Rev. Nathan- 
iel (2) Chauncy, was born in Durham, Con- 
necticut, March 24, 1710, died April 10, 1791. 
He was representative from Durham in the 
state legislature for seventy-six semi-annual 
sessions. In the first part of the years in which 
he served, he was chosen second. Colonel 
James Wadsworth, an older man, being first, 
but in the latter part he was invariably chosen 
first, General James Wadsworth, a younger 
man, being second. He served in the French 
and Indian war as colonel of a regiment sta- 
tioned on the northern frontier, and he was 
always invited to sit with the officers of the 
regular army in the councils of war. He was 
chief justice of the county court, and at the 
beginning of the revolution was on the commit- 
tee who sat for the trial of persons suspected of 
being Tories. As he refused to take the oath 
of fidelity, he was suspected of being a Tory 
and resigned his place on the committee, and 
during the war held no public office. In addi- 
tion to carrying on a farm-, he engaged in mer- 
cantile business, which proved unprofitable. 
He was a man of great influence in the town. 
He inherited his father's home and left it to 
his son, Charles. It was situated at the east 
end of the street leading from the "Green." 



NEW ENGLAND. 



153 



He married, March 28, 1739, Mary, daughter 
of Samuel Griswold, Esq., of Killingworth. 
She died March i, 1801, aged eighty-three. 
Children: Charles, born December 28, 1739, 
died January 13, 1740; Catharine, April 11, 
1741 ; Sarah, December 22, 1742, died August 
15, 1744; Sarah, May 8, 1745; Charles, men- 
tioned below. 

(XXI) Judge Charles (2) Chauncey, LL. 
D., son of Elihu Chauncey, was born in Dur- 
ham, May 30, 1747, died April 28, 1823, in 
New Haven, Connecticut. He was king's at- 

■ torney for the state and judge of the superior 
court. He studied law with James Abraham 
Hillhouse, Esq., and was admitted to the bar 
in November, 1768. In 1776 he was appointed 
attorney for the state, and in 1789 was on the 
bench of the superior court, resigning in 1793 
to retire from the courts. For a time he devot- 
•ed himself to study and lecturing to a class of 
students at law. In 1779 Yale College con- 
ferred on him the honorary degree of Master 
of Arts, and in 181 1 he received the degree of 
Doctor of Laws from Middlebury College. 
Throughout his life he never ceased to study, 
and his knowledge of all kinds of literature 
was extensive. He married Abigail, born No- 
vember 9, 1746, died December 24, 1818, 
daughter of Thomas and Abigail Darling, of 
New Haven. Qiildren: i. Charles, LL. D., 
torn at New Haven, August 17, 1777, died 
August 30, 1849, in Philadelphia; graduated 
from Yale College in 1792, aged fifteen, prob- 
ably the youngest person to graduate from the 
College ; he established himself in Philadelphia, 
and in the first half of the eighteenth century, 
with Horace Binney and John Sergeant, was 
among the leaders of its bar. 2. Elihu. born at 
New Haven, January 15, 1779, died April 8, 
1847; graduated from Yale College, 1796; 
admitted to the bar in Philadelphia ; giving up 
law he engaged in financial enterprises and 
banking; he was one of the promoters of the 
Reading railroad and its first president; was 
cashier of the Bank of the United States, and 
after it was abolished of the Bank of Pennsyl- 
vania. 3. Sarah, born December 2, 1780; mar- 
ried William Walton Woolsey, December, 
1814; died February 8, 1856. 4. Abigail, born 
June 27, 1785, died June 11, 1814. 5. Nathan- 
iel, mentioned below. 

(XXII) Nathaniel (3), son of Judge Charles 
(2) Chauncey, of New Haven, was born Feb- 
ruary 27, 1789, died February 7, 1865, in Phil- 
adelphia. In 1806 he was graduated from Yale 
College, and was admitted to the Philadelphia 
bar. He married, June 8, 1836, Elizabeth Se- 
wall, daughter of Samuel and Nancy (Gard- 
ner) Salisbury, of Boston. Nancy Gardner 
was daughter of Rev. Francis Gardner, of 



Leominster, Massachusetts, where he was pas- 
tor for over fifty years. She died May 22, 
1850. For six years she was secretary and for 
thirteen years a directress of the Philadelphia 
Female Orphan Society of Philadelphia. Chil- 
dren: Charles; Elihu. 



There were three immigrants by 
ALLYN the name of Allyn, named Thomas, 
Samuel, and iVIatthew, brothers. 
They came first to Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
from Brampton, county Devon, England, and 
they are thought to have been the sons of Sam- 
uel Allyn, of Chelmsford, county Essex, Eng- 
land. 

(I) Matthew Allyn or Allyne, the immi- 
grant ancestor of this branch of the family, 
came from Brampton, county Devon, England, 
with his brothers. Deacon Thomas and Sam- 
uel. If he was son of Samuel, of Chelmsford, 
England, he was baptized in April, 1604. He 
came with the original Braintree company in 
1632, to Charlestown, Massachusetts, where 
in 1633 he received forty-five acres in the 
division of lands at "the Common Pales," much 
the largest share of any settler, and he had an 
acre for his cow and three acres for planting 
ground "on the Neck." In 1635 he received 
a grant, or purchased five acres at Wigwam 
Neck, six acres of meadow land near Water- 
town, and five acres at Charlestown lane. In 
1635 he owned five houses on the town plot at 
Cambridge, where he was the largest land- 
holder. He lived near the meeting house. He 
was made a freeman of Massachusetts, March 
4, 163s, and was a representative at the gen- 
eral court, March session, in 1636. He moved 
to Hartford probably in 1637, and was an orig- 
inal proprietor there, having his house lot on 
the road to the Neck, now on Windsor street. 
He owned one hundred and ten acres of land 
there and built the first mill at Hartford, at 
the foot of what is now West Pearl street. In 
May, 1638, he was lodging with Roger Will- 
iams, and in 1640 was a proprietor of Wind- 
sor. He owned large amounts of land in Kill- 
ingworth and Simsbury, Connecticut. He was 
a member of Rev. Mr. Hooker's church at 
Hartford, but was excommunicated, doubtless 
for a doctrinal diff'erence. On June 3, 1644, 
he appealed to the general court for redress, 
but the records do not show how the aflfair was 
settled, and the trouble may have been the 
cause of his removal to Windsor, where in 
1638 he had purchased all the lands, "houses, 
servants, goods, and chattels" of the New 
Plymouth Company. This purchase took away 
the last right Plymouth had on the Connecticut 
river. His homestead at Windsor was near the 
company's old trading house. Soon after his 



154 



NEW ENGLAND. 



removal to Windsor he set up a claim, that, 
since he had purchased his land from Plymouth, 
Connecticut had no right to tax his property 
in Windsor, and a committee decided that he 
should pay taxes only to Connecticut. 

He was representative to the general court 
every year except 1653, from 1648 to 1658 
inclusive, and from 1657 to 1667 inclusive he 
was a magistrate of the colony. In 1660-64 he 
was commissioner for the United Colonies of 
New England. In 1649, when the general 
court decided to begin hostilities against the 
Indians, Mr. Allyn was first of three deputies 
chosen to raise troops. In 1657 he and Joseph 
Gilbert were appointed to announce to the In- 
dians at Pacomtuck the decision of the com- 
missioners. In 1659 he and his son John were 
on the committee for dividing Indian lands at 
Podunk. In 1660, when the governor and 
deputy governor were chosen commissioners 
for 1661, he was chosen as a reserve, and also 
to act as moderator in their absence. In 1661 he 
was moderator and on the committee to peti- 
tion for the charter, in which he was named as 
one of the grantees, when it was granted to Con- 
necticut by Charles II. In 1662 he was mod- 
erator and chairman to treat with New Haven 
concerning a union in 1662-63. I" October, 
1663, he was chairman of a committee to treat 
with the Dutch envoys from New Amsterdam, 
and with Mr. Willis was chosen to settle the 
government of the English towns on the west 
end of Long Island. In 1664 the committee 
on the government of the towns was renewed 
with more members with authority to establish 
courts, etc. Also, in 1664, he was on the com- 
mittee to settle bounds between "the Bay" and 
Rhode Island, and the south bounds ; also, with 
three others he was "desired to accompany the 
Gov. to N. Y. to congratulate His Majesty's 
commissioners." In 1665, when the Connecti- 
cut and New Haven colonies were united, he 
and his son. Lieutenant John, were chosen 
assistants, and again in 1666, when he was 
moderator, and in 1667. In 1666 they were 
both on the committee having authority to levy 
troops, etc., in case of war. The Killingworth 
land records name him as a large landowner 
and first settler, though he probably never lived 
there. Hon. Matthew Allyn was one of the 
most prominent men in the colony, as can be 
seen from his many offices of trust. Hinman 
says, "Few men had more influence, or received 
more honors from the people, than Mr. Allyn." 
Theie are many evidences that he was always 
respected highly in Hartford, despite the fact 
that he was excommunicated from the church, 
and Mr. Hinman seems to hint that the Hart- 
ford church encouraged him to move because 
of his "influence with the settlers." In 1658 



when there was again trouble in the Hartford 
church, he was chairman of the committee of 
the general court to conduct a correspondence 
on the subject. 

He died February i, 1670-71, and his will, 
dated January 30, 1670-71, makes his wife 
executrix, giving her the use of the estate ; to 
his son John he left his Killingworth lands, 
confirming to him those lands in Hartford 
which he had already given him. He had al- 
ready deeded his house in Windsor to his son 
Thomas, subject to life use by himself and his 
wife, and he gave him also a large estate. "Old 
Mrs. Allyn," probably his mother, was admit- 
ted to the Windsor church August 5, 1649, ^"(i 
"Old Mr. Allyn" died September 12, 1675. 
Children, born probably in England : Hon. 
John ; Captain Thomas, mentioned below ; 
Mary, married, June 11, 1646, Captain Benja- 
min Newberry. 

(II) Captain Thomas Allyn, son of Hon. 
Matthew Allyn, lived in Windsor, on Branker 
place. He lived on the homestead after his 
father's death in 1670-71. He was a listed 
trooper, and was made freeman in 1658. He 
was the accidental cause of Henry Stile's death 
ir 1651. He married Abigail, daughter of Rev. 
John Warham, October 21, 1658, and he died 
February 14, 1695-96. She was a member of 
the Windsor church. Children : John, bom 
August 17, 1659, died October 4, 1659; Hon. 
and Col. Matthew, mentioned below ; Thomas,. 
March 11, 1662-63 ; John, June 24, 1665 ; Sam- 
uel, November 3, 1667; Jane, July 22, 1670; 
Abigail, October 17, 1672; Sarah, July 13, 
1674; Hester, October 29, 1679. 

(III) Hon. and Col. Matthew Allyn, son of 
Captain Thomas Allyn, was born June 5, 1660. 
He married, January 5, 1686, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Henry Wolcott Jr., and granddaughter 
of Henry Wolcott Sr. She inherited from her 
grandfather an estate in the parishes of Tol- 
land and Ledyard St. Lawrence, county Som- 
erset, England, and at Wellington, called Long- 
Forth, England. The rents of these lands, held 
by her husband in her right, were disposed of by 
him in his will, 1740, to their three living sons, 
and the four sons of his deceased son Thomas. 
His estate amounted to £1,806, and he left four 
pounds to the First Society of Windsor. "The 
Hon. Col. Matthew Allyn Esq., who was many 
years one of the Council and Judge of the 
Superior Court, for the Colony of Conn., died 
Feb. 17. A. D. 1758, in ye 98th year of his age. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Allyn, his consort, died June ye 
4th, A. D. 1734, in the 69th year of her age." 

.•\nd here their Bodies sleep in Dust, 
Till the Resurrection of the Just. 

Children : Captain Thomas ; Sergeant Mat- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



155 



thew, August 9, 1687; Peletiah, mentioned be- 
low ; Josiah, March 9, 1692-93 ; Henry, Decem- 
ber 16, 1699; Theophilus, August 26, 1702. 

(IV) Captain Peletiah Allyn, son of the 
Hon. and Col. Matthew Allyn, was born May 
3, 1689, and married, August 26, 171 1, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas and Dorothy (Talcott) 
Stoiighton. He died November 3, 1766, aged 
seventy-eight. Children: Elizabeth, born No- 
vember 22, 1712; Peletiah, October 4, 1714; 
Mary, October 11, 1716; Theophilus, August 
28, died December 4, 1718; Dorothy, Novem- 
ber 5, 1719; Jerusha, March 4, 1723-24; Sam- 
uel Wolcott, mentioned below ; Captain Solo- 
mon, October 8, 1732 ; Chloe, baptized Novem- 
ber 14, 1736. 

(V) Samuel Wolcott, son of Captain Pele- 
tiah Allyn, was born December 6, 1727, and 
married, February 20, 1755, Joanna Mills. He 
died February 27, 1801, aged seventy-four, and 
she died July 9, 1794, aged sixty-three. Chil- 
dren: Clarissa, born December 21, 1756; Mary, 
baptized December 4, 1757; Samuel, mention- 
ed below ; Wolcott, born and baptized Septem- 
ber II, 1763; Clarissa, January 13, 1766; Mary, 
October 30, 1767. 

(VI) Samuel, son of Samuel Wolcott Allyn, 
was born November 15, and baptized Novem- 
ber 18, 1759. He married Jerusha, daughter 
of Captain Ebenezer F. Bissell. Children : Har- 
riet, baptized February, 178 — , married Odiah 
Loomis; Eli B. (?), baptized July 5, 1788, 
married Jerusha Mather; Henry, mentioned 
below; Richard, baptized April 15, 1792, mar- 
ried Julia Phelps. He probably had also: 
Amelia, baptized January 4, 1795 ; Samuel 
Wolcott, baptized September 20, 1801, died 
January 7, 1805; Samuel Wolcott, baptized 
March 4, 1805, died June 6, 1805, aged four 
years. 

Ebenezer Fletcher Bissell, mentioned above, 
was first lieutenant of the Fourth Company, 
Captain Elihu Humphrey from Connecticut in 
1775; captain in Colonel Huntington's regi- 
ment in 1776; on guard duty against Bur- 
goyne's army as they went southward in 1777. 

(VII) Henry, son of Samuel Allyn, was 
born at Windsor, Connecticut, in March, 1790, 
and baptized May 30, 1790. He died in Ala- 
bama, October 12, 1826. He removed to Ben- 
nington, Vermont, and married there, Ruth, 
daughter of Isaac and Anna (Robinson) Web- 
ster. (See Robinson IV). Children, born at 
Bennington: Emily, July 16, 1814; Henry 
Webster, March 27, 1816; Ann Jerusha, Au- 
gust 21, 1818; Isaac Webster, mentioned be- 
low; Ruth Eliza, August 23, 1823, died Octo- 
ber 25, 1825; John Newton, September 4, 
1825, died October 28, 1826. 

(VIII) Isaac Webster, son of Henry Allyn, 



was bom at Bennington, Vermont, October 18, 
1821, and died P\'bruary 19, 1897. He was 
educated in the public schools. He located at 
White Eyes Plains, Coshocton county, Ohio, 
and during most of his active life was a com- 
mission merchant. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. In politics he was a Re- 
publican. He married, at Chillicothe, Ohio, 
December 31, 1846, Elizabeth Long, who was 
born in Chillicothe, Ohio, September 21, 1847; 
May 18, 1882. Her parents were natives of 
Canada, and she was left an orphan at the age 
of twelve years. Children: i. Henry Webster, 
born Chillicothe, Ohio, September 21, 1847; 
died at New Philadelphia, Ohio, August 27, 
1850. 2. Frank Bissell, born at New Philadel- 
phia, Ohio, October 14, 1849 ; died in Chillicothe, 
Ohio, May 8, 1852. 3. Henry Harvey, born at 
New Philadelphia, Ohio, November 8, 1852; 
died at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 17, 
1867. 4. Ruth Elizabeth, born at Cleveland, 
Ohio, June 20, 1857; died at Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, December 17, 1876. 5. Hermair 
Bryden, mentioned below. 6. Fannie Webster, 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 4, 
1866. 

(IX) Dr. Herman Bryden Allyn, son of 
Isaac Webster Allyn, was born at White Eyes- 
Plains, Coshocton county, Ohio, May 2, i8i5o. 
He came to Philadelphia when one year old, 
and later attended the public schools and high 
school of Philadelphia, and completed his pre- 
paration for college under a private tutor. He 
entered the University of Pennsylvania in 
1879, and was graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in the class of 1882. Im- 
mediately afterward he began the study of his 
profession in the Medical School of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania and received the de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine in 1885. For one 
year he was resident physician at the Philadel- 
phia General Hospital, and for one year resi- 
dent physician at Girard College, and was 
afterward visiting physician at St. Joseph's 
Hospital and instructor in physical diagnosis 
in the University of Pennsylvania, clinical pro- 
fessor of medicine in the Woman's Medical 
College of Pennsvlvania, and visiting physician 
to the Philadelphia General Hospital. He is 
associate in medicine in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and a director of the Philadelphia 
Countv Medical Society: member of the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Society, and of the 
American Medical .Association : fellow of the 
College of Physicians of Philadelphia : member 
of the Pathological Society of Philadelphia: of 
the Medical Club of Philadelphia; of the New 
England Societv of Philadelphia; of the Phy- 
sicians' Motor Club of that city ; of Harmonv 
Lodge, No. 52, Free and .Accepted Masons, of 



1^6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Philadelphia. He is an elder of the Presbyter- 
ian church. In politics he is RepubHcan, but 
is non-partisan in municipal affairs. For two 
years he was associate editor of the Medical 
and Surgical Reporter of Philadelphia, and has 
contributed numerous papers on clinical medi- 
cine from time to time to various medical jour- 
nals and societies. Dr. x-\llyn occupies one of 
the foremost places in the medical profession 
in Pennsylvania. His office is at 501 South 
Forty-second street, Philadelphia. 

He married, June 27, 1889, Rachael Patter- 
son, born in Philadelphia, July 6, 1856, daugh- 
ter of Henry Duval and Mary (Jones) Greg- 
ory. Her mother was born in Manchester, 
England. Children: i. Herman Webster, born 
in Philadelphia, March 20, 1891. 2. Henry 
Gregory, November 28, 1892. 3. Emily, Feb- 
ruary I, 1895. 

(The Robinson Line). 

(I) William Robinson, the immigrant an- 
■cestor of this branch of the family, was born 
about 1640. The first record found of him 
shows that he was living in Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts, as early as 1670, when he had a 
farm of two hundred acres on the narrow neck 
of land claimed by both Concord and Water- 
town. He was a signer of the original petition 
for the separation of Newtowne and Cam- 
bridge in 1678. He married in Cambridge, as 
early as 1667, Elizabeth Cutter, who was born 
in Cambridge, July 15, 1645, daughter of Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth (Williams) Cutter. Eliza- 
beth Williams is said to have come with her 
father, Robert Williams, in the ship "John and 
Dorothy," to Massachusetts, April 8, 1637 ; 
Robert Williams was born in 1608, in Nor- 
wick, county Norfolk, England, and was a 
cordwainer ; his wife Elizabeth was born in 
England, and was admitted to the church 
at Roxbury in 1644 ; she died in Cambridge, 
March 5, 1662. Children: Elizabeth, born 
at Cambridge, 1669; Hannah (Ann), born 
at Concord, July 13, 1671, died at Cambridge, 
October 5, 1672; William, born July 10, 1673; 
Mercy, born August 7, 1676; David, born May 
23. 1678; Samuel, mentioned below; Jonathan, 
twin of Samuel, born April 20, 1680. 

(H) Samuel, son of William Robinson, was 
born April 20. 1680, twin of Jonathan. Jona- 
than moved from Cambridge, where he was 
born, to Cambridge Farms, in 1706, and doubt- 
less about 1735, when the town of Grafton was 
organized, Samuel, with his father and other 
members of the family, moved to the new 
town, the place they settled being set off as 
Hardwick in 1739. He married Sarah Man- 
ning, and he was a soldier in the French and 
Indian wars. He was a founder of Benning- 



ton, Vermont, with his sons, and he died there 
in 1767. 

(Ill) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Rob- 
inson, was born in Cambridge, Middlesex coun- 
ty, Massachusetts, April i, 1707. In 1735 he 
moved to Hardwick, and from there to the 
territory known as New Hampshire Grants 
(Vermont), in 1761, settling at Bennington. 
He had been a captain in the Massachusetts 
troops through several campaigns in the vicin- 
ity of Lakes George and Champlain, in the 
French and Indian wars. He was made the 
first justice of the peace in Bennington, being 
commissioned by Governor Wentworth of New 
Hampshire. This appointment made him prom- 
inent in the struggles between the New Hamp- 
shire and New York authorities, and as an 
appointee of Wentworth he took sides in the 
case of two claimants in Pownal, and was sup- 
ported by Samuel Ashley, a New Hampshire 
deputy sheriff, and both men were arrested by 
the authorities of the state of New York and 
carried to Albany, where they were placed in 
jail, and were indicted for resisting the New 
York officers, but never brought to trial, as, 
after an acrimonious correspondence between 
the governors of New York and of New 
Hampshire, the affair ended in a compromise. 
On his return to the grants. Captain Robinson 
was chosen by the settlers in 1765 to go to Al- 
bany and try to save the land on which they 
had settled from the speculators who were ob- 
taining grants of the very same land from 
Lieutenant-Governor Golden, but his efforts 
were useless. In 1766 he was sent as agent for 
the settlers to England to present their claims 
to the British ministry and he was making fav- 
orable headway, when he caught the fatal dis- 
ease, smallfMDx, and died in London, England, 
October 27, 1767. His eldest son. Colonel 
Samuel Robinson, was chosen one of the town 
committee of Bennington to succeed his father. 
Colonel Robinson married in Hardwick, Mas- 
sachusetts, Mercy Leonard, who was born in 
1713, and died June 9, 1795, at Bennington. 
She was daughter of Moses Leonard. Chil- 
dren, born in Hardwick : Leonard, born July 
27, 1733; Samuel, August 15, 1738: Moses, 
March 26, 1741 ; Paul, October. 1743: Silas, 
April, 1746; Macy, October, 1748: Sarah. No- 
vember, 1751 ; David, mentioned below; Jona- 
than, August II, 1756; Anna, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) General David Robinson, son of Sam- 
uel Robinson, was born at Hardwick. Massa- 
chusetts, November 22, 1754, and came to Ben- 
nington with his father in 1761, being then 
seven years of age. He served in the Revolu- 
tion as a private at the battle of Bennington, 
August 16, 1771, and rose rapidly by regular 



NEW ENGLAND. 



157 



promotion to the rank of major-general, re- 
signing that office in 1817. From 1789 till 
181 1, a period of twenty-two years, he served 
as sheriff of Bennington county. He was then 
appointed United States marshal, holding that 
office for eight years, until 1819. He married 
Sarah Fay, daughter of Stephen Fay, and by 
her had tliree sons. Stephen Fay was a mem- 
ber of the state assembly for several years, and 
also was judge of the county court and mem- 
ber of the council of censors in 1834; he died 
in 1852, aged seventy-one years. General David 
Robinson died in Bennington, Vermont, De- 
cember 12, 1842 (December 11, 1843, accord- 
ing to his gravestone), aged eighty-nine years. 

General Robinson was a man of powerful 
constitution and great courage. Once when a 
desperate criminal had taken refuge in a barn 
loft, he insisted upon going into the barn and 
capturing the man in spite of the danger, and 
succeeded in his purpose without harm, al- 
though the criminal was noted for being a 
reckless man. 

(IV) Anna, daughter of Samuel Robinson, 
was born at Hardwick, Massachusetts, October 
2, 1759; married Isaac Webster, son of Joseph 
Webster. Joseph Webster died in 1795, aged 
sixty-two years. He came of an old New 
Hampshire family. Isaac Webster was born in 
1755. Children, born at Bennington: Anna, 
March 2, 1781 ; Sarah, November 28, 1782; 
Joseph, July 20, 1784; Persis, November 11, 
1785; Mary, March 4, 1788; Ruth, March 20, 
1790, married Henry Allyn (see Allyn VII) ; 
Mary, April 18, 1792; Isaac Robinson, March 
8, 1795; Harriet, January 18, 1797; Isaac, 
June 26, 1781, died 1817. 

Isaac Webster, mentioned above was ser- 
geant in the Bennington company from 1776 
to 1783 in Colonel Seth Warner's regiment; 
took part in the battle of Bennington and re- 
ceived a grant of land at Eden, Vermont, in 
part payment for service. (See Vermont Rev- 
olutionary Rolls, pp. 27-107-1 10-623-671-672; 
also p. 158, Vermont Historical Gazette, vol. i). 



John Riley, the immigrant ances- 
RILEY tor, came in 1621, the year after 

the landing of the Pilgrims, from 
Stepney, England, to Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, where in 1643 he was a landholder. His 
name was spelled Riley, Rilloy and Ryly in the 

old records. He married Grace , who 

died November 28, 1703, aged about seventy- 
nine, "if she had lived till Xmas." He died in 
May or June, 1674, and the inventory of his 
estate, taken June 11, 1674. by John Kilbourn. 
Enoch Buck and Eleazer Kimberly, was valued 
at 668 pounds, 4 shillings. His will was dated 
May 13, 1674. He made his wife executrix 



and bequeathed to her and to his children. The 
will was proved September 3, 1674. I lis widow 
was a member of the church in 1674. Children: 
John, born about .Vugust 15, 1646; Joseph, Oc- 
tober 20, 1649; Jonatlian, about March 4, 1652- 
53; Mary, married Benjamin Gilbert; Grace, 
married, November 22, 1680, William Good- 
rich, 2nd ; Sarah, married David Sayres (or 
Sears); Jacob, born about 1660; Isaac, men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Lieutenant Isaac Riley, son of John 
Riley, was born about 1670-71, died January 
29i 1737-38. The inventory of his estate was 
taken February 14, 1737-38, and amounted to 
2,856 pounds, 13 shillings, 3 pence. His will 
was dated January 20, 1737-38, and his wife 
Ann and son Samuel were appointed executors. 
He married Ann, daughter of Nathaniel But- 
ler, December 17, 1696. Children: Ann, born 
and baptized May 21, 1699; Josiah. born May 
9, baptized May 11, 1701; Isaac, mentioned 
below; Mary, born February 18, 1705-06; 
Sarah, baptized June 13, died September 18, 
1708; Lucy, born September 20, 1709; Eph- 
raim, baptized February 18, 171 1; Samuel, 
born April 29, baptized May 3, 1713; Nathan- 
iel, born January 13, 1715-16, baptized Janu- 
ary 23, 1715-16. 

(III) Isaac (2), son of Lieutenant Isaac (l) 
Riley, was born May 18, 1704, baptized May 
21, 1704, died February 26, 1768. He married 
(first), June 12, 1729, Jemima Sage, who died 
May 14, 1765, aged sixty-one years. He mar- 
ried (second), May 28, 1766, Hannah Young, 
who was probably "wid. H.," who died April 
8, 1825, aged eighty-two years. Children: 
Lucy, born March 27, 1732; Ashbel, born Jan- 
uary 9, baptized January 13, 1733-34; Roger, 
mentioned below; Justus, born June 24, 1739; 
Lois, born February 9, 1742-43 ; Melicent, born 
December 24, baptized December 30, 1744; 
Ebenezer, born December 10, 1748. 

(IV) Roger, son of Isaac (2) Riley, was 
born February 6, 1737, died May 12, 1832. 
He was a farmer and magistrate of Berlin, 
Connecticut. He married, February 12, 1761, 
Comfort Loveland, who died November 17, 
1773. Their children: Lucy, Roger, Comfort, 
Isaac, mentioned below, Cynthia. 

(V) Isaac (3), son of Roger Riley, was 
born at Berlin. Connecticut. November 29, 
1770, died at Portland, Maine. March 14, 
1824. He was a shipping merchant in the city 
of New York, the owner of sixteen vessels; 
also a bookseller and publisher there and in 
Philadelphia. He was the owner of two town- 
ships in Maine, "Ketcham" and "Riley." to 
which he took a colony of settlers from Phila- 
delphia in 1823. He married. September 30, 
1794, Hannah Alsop, of Middletown, Connec- 



158 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ticut, daughter of Richard Alsop, a merchant 
of New York and Middletown, with a large 
business in the West Indies. Richard Alsop 
was a brother of John Alsop, delegate from 
the city of New York to the First Continental 
Congress held in Carpenter's Hall, Philadel- 
phia, in 1/74, but who resigned on the Declara- 
tion of Independence, and who was also for 
many years a vestryman and was buried in the 
graveyard of Trinity Church, New York. Chil- 
dren: Emmeline Matilda, married Joseph 
Greenleaf ; Mary Wright, married Lewis 
Adams ; Richard Alsop ; Henry Augustus, men- 
tioned below ; Julia, married William S. Rod- 
gers : Adelaide ; Theodore W. ; Caroline, mar- 
ried Isaac Abbott ; Louisa ; Clara. 

(VI) Rev. Henry Augustus Riley, son of 
Isaac (3) Riley, was born November 21, 1801. 
in New York City, died at Montrose, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 17, 1878. He graduated in the 
■collegiate department of the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1820, studied law for a short 
time in the office of Horace Binney, Philadel- 
phia, graduated in the medical department of 
the University of Pennsylvania in 1825, and 
practiced medicine in New York until 1829, 
when he entered the Theological Seminary of 
Princeton, New Jersey, and graduated in 1832. 
In 1835 he was installed as pastor of the 
Eighth Avenue Presbyterian Church of New 
York, and in 1839 pastor of the Presbyterian 
church of Montrose, Pennsylvania, which he 
held for twenty-five years. He married (first) 
September 28, 1832, Emma Vaughan Smith, 
born in Philadelphia, December 3, 1802, died 
in Montrose, Pennsylvania, February 17, 1843. 
■Children: i. James P. W., born x\ugust 3, 
1833, died October 11, 1888; married Kate 
Crawford. 2. Isaac, born February 2, 1835, 
died October 23, 1878; married Katharine A. 
Parker. 3. Julia Rodgers, born January 25, 
1837; married Rev. B. J. Douglas. 4. Eliza- 
beth Smith, born June 27, 1838, died Decem- 
ber 25, 1902 ; married Daniel D. Lord. Henry 
Augustus Riley married (second), October 29, 

1845, Blendena Miller, born September 16, 
181 1, died August 17, 1903, daughter of Dr. 
John Miller, of Truxton, New York, member 
of legislature of New York, 1820; member 
■of congress, 1825 ; constitutional convention, 

1846. Children : 5. Lewis Adams, mentioned 
"below. 6. Henry Augustus, born December 
20, 1848, died June 9, 1892. 7. Samuel Miller, 
born November 20, 1852, died January 17, 
1902. 

(VII) Lewis Adams, son of Rev. Henry 
Augustus Riley, was born in Montrose, Penn- 
sylvania, June 7, 1847. He attended the public 
schools there and the academy at Homer, New 
York. In 1864 he entered the engineering 



office of Harris Brothers at Pottsville, Penn- 
sylvania, to learn the profession of mining and 
civil engineering. In 1870 he was appointed 
engineer and agent of the Ashland estate, and 
when that property passed into the hands of 
the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and Iron Com- 
pany, he became division engineer of the com- 
pany. In 1872 he was made engineer and agent 
of the Locust Mountain Coal and Iron Com- 
pany and Coal Ridge Coal and Improvement 
Company, properties controlled by the Lehigh 
Valley Railroad Company. When the Lehigh 
Valley Coal Company was formed in 1875, he 
was appointed engineer and superintendent of 
the company's property in the Mahanoy region. 
In 1880 Mr. Riley leased the lands of the Lo- 
cust Mountain Coal and Iron Company, where 
he subsequently opened the "Logan," "Cen- 
tralia," and "Big Mine Run" collieries, and 
operated them under the firm name of Lewis 
A. Riley & Company. These properties were 
sold to the Lehigh Valley Coal Company in 
1896. Logan mine was the first anthracite 
colliery to adopt the rope system of haulage. 
The Centralia drainage tunnel, a mile and a 
half long, draining several mines, was com- 
pleted by Mr. Riley in 1889, and extended in 
1890, and was the first of the kind in the an- 
thracite region. It was a costly and difficult 
undertaking, and proved of great practical 
value in operating the mines. In 1885 and 
again in 1891, Mr. Riley was appointed one of 
the commissioners to revise the mining laws of 
the state of Pennsylvania. 

He has continued in the mining business as a 
partner of the firm of Lentz, Lilly & Company, 
which was formed in 1883, and is operating col- 
lieries in the Mahanoy region. In 1896 he was 
elected president of the Lehigh Coal and Navi- 
gation Company, the oldest and one of the larg- 
est mining and railroad companies in America, 
which position he held for eleven years. He is 
also president of the Lehigh & Hudson River 
Railway Company, a director of the Westmore- 
land Coal Company, Penn Gas Coal Company, 
Huntington & Broad Top Mountain Railroad 
and Coal Company, Eastern Pennsylvania Rail- 
ways Company, and the American Gas Com- 
pany. He is a member of the Philadelphia 
Country Club, Merion Cricket Club, Racquet 
Club of Philadelphia, and president of the 
Devon Golf Club ; also a member of the Ritten- 
house Club of Philadelphia, the American In- 
stitute of Mining Engineers, and a life member 
of the New England Society of Philadelphia. 
In politics he is a Republican. He is a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal church, 
and a vestryman of St. Mark's Church, of 
Philadelphia. He resides at No. 1509 Spruce 
street, Philadelphia. 







o//^n^ y\ (/L*-^^— -t-^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



159 



He married, September 8, 1870, Margaret 
Morton, born April 24, 1848, daughter of 
Henry and Frances (Morton) Drinker, of 
Montrose, Pennsylvania. Her parents were 
members of the Society of Friends. Children : 
I. Henry Drinker, born at Montrose, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 28, 1872; married, February 9, 
1898, Alice, daughter of Horace Brooke Burt, 
of Philadelphia ; children : Jean Burt, Lewis 
Alsop and Horace Burt. 2. Margaret Alorton, 
born in Ashland, Pennsylvania, August 23, 
1873- 



The Willcox family is of 

WTLLCOX Saxon origin, and was seated 
at Bury St. Edmunds, Eng- 
land, before the Roman Conquest. Sir John 
Dugals, in the Visitation of the County of Suf- 
folk, mentions fifteen generations of the fam- 
ily previous to the year 1600. This traces the 
lineage back to the year 1200, when the sur- 
name came into use as an inherited family 
■name. On the old records the forms of Wil- 
cox, Wilcocks. Wilcoxon and Willco.x are used 
interchangeably. 

(I) William Willcox (or Wilcoxson, as 
commonly spelled), was born in 1601, at St. 
Albans, Hertfordshire. England. He came to 
America when thirty-four years old, in the 
ship "Planter," having a certificate from the 
minister at St. Albans. Another William Will- 
cox settled at Cambridge. Massachusetts Bay, 
and became a proprietor of that town and a 
town officer ; he was admitted a freeman May 
25, 1636, died November 28, 1653, leaving a 
will mentioning various relatives and friends. 

William Willcox, first named, was admitted 
as a freeman December 11, 1636. He was a 
linen weaver by trade. He removed to Strat- 
ford. Connecticut, in 1639 ; was a representa- 
tive to Hartford in 1647, and died in 1652. 
He married Margaret , born 161 1. Chil- 
dren: I. John, born 1633. 2. Joseph, of whom 
further. "3. Samuel, died March 12, 1713: was 
sergeant ; lived at Windsor and Meadow Plain. 
Simsbury. 4. Obadiah, born 1641, died 1713; 
settled in Guilford, Connecticut. 5. Timothy, 
died June 13, 1713; deacon; married Johanna 
Birdsay, December 28, 1664. 6. Elizabeth, 
married. April 16, 1663, Henry Stiles, of 
Windsor, Connecticut. 7. Hannah, married, 
March 7, 1664. Lieutenant Daniel Hayden. 8. 
Sarah, died 1691 ; married, March 7, 1665. 
John Meigs, of Madison, Connecticut. 9. 
Phebe, married, December 11. 1669, John 
Birdsey, of Stratford. 

(H) Joseph, son of William Willcox, was 
born about 1635, died February 9, 1703. He 
settled in Killingworth, Connecticut, and his 
descendants have been numerous in that town. 



always spelling the name Wilcox or Willcox. 
He was one of the proprietors of Killingworth 
under the act of 1663. and a Widow Willcox 
was one of the Saybrook purchasers from Kill- 
ingworth in 1687. Children, born at Kill- 
ingworth: I. Joseph, of whom further. 2. 
Thomas, born November 13, 1661. 3. Samuel, 
born 1663. 4. Hannah, born January 19, 1665. 
5. Nathaniel, born August 9, 1668. 6. \Villiam, 
born January 8, 1671. 7. Margaret, born 1673. 
8. John, born 1675. 

(HI) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Will- 
cox, was born at Killingworth, October 29, 
1659. He married, February 14, 1683, Han- 
nah Kelsey, of Killingworth. He died there 
February 2, 1726. They had seven children. 

(I\') Stephen, son of Joseph (2) Willcox, 
was born July 12, 1706, in Killingworth, and 
died there December 22, 1781. He was one 
of the grantees of Newport, New Hampshire, 
in 1761, and was appointed on a committee of 
four at Killingworth, December 25, 1764. to 
allot the lands to grantees, and this duty was 
performed July 6, 1766, at Charlestown, New 
Hampshire. He was one of a committee chosen 
on the second Tuesday of March, 1765. to open 
a cart road to Newport, at the west end of the 
lots as laid out, and at the same time was 
appointed to go to Portsmouth to get an exten- 
sion of the conditions of the town charter. 
His sons, Jesse, L'riah and Phineas, and his 
daughter Lydia, wife of Samuel Hurd, came 
to Newport after the lots were laid out, and 
settled on the father's grant, each being given 
300 acres of land. The first meeting of the 
proprietors of the town was held October 13, 
1767, at the house of Jesse Willcox, and Ste- 
phen Willcox was moderator, and appointed 
on a committee to assign lots. He seems to 
have returned to his home in Connecticut. He 
married. May 10, 1733, Mary Pierson, born 
May 10, 171 3. died December 13. 1795. Chil- 
dren, born at Killingworth: I. Mary, Septem- 
ber 7, 1734; married Hurd: died June 

18, 1805. 2. Lydia, twin with Mary; married 
Samuel Hurd ; died December 13, 1798. 3. 
Flepsibeth, born July 3, 1736, died June 7. 
i8r6. 4. Sarah, born January 6, 1738, died 
.^pril 17, 1819. 5. Stephen, born January 8, 
1740. died January 20, 1823. 6. .\sa, born 
December 17, 1741, died at Habana. in the 
French war, September 10, 1761, aged twenty 
years. 7. Jesse, of whom further. 8. Phineas, 
born January 13. 1747, died at Newport. 1819. 
g. Uriah, born March 13. I749- lO- Eunice, 
born June 14. 17=^1. n. Mabel, born Decem- 
ber 5". 1752. 12. Joseph, born January 22. 
I75^rdied Januarv 17. 1817. 13. Nathan, born 
November q. 17S8. died March 21,. 1813. 

(V) Jesse, son of Stephen Willcox. was 



i6o 



NEW ENGLAND. 



born at Killingworth, Connecticut, October 5, 
1744, died Marcii 12, 1823, at Newport, New 
Hampshire. He was one of the original set- 
tlers of Newport, coming in and breaking 
ground before the American revolution and 
just after the conquest of Canada by the Eng- 
lish had made the Connecticut Valley fairly 
safe for settlement, it having been previously 
much traveled by Indians in their raids upon 
the colonists. He married, June 11, 1767, 
Thankful Stevens, and among their children 
was Oliver, of whom further. 

(VI) Oliver, son of Jesse Willcox, was born 
in Newport, New Hampshire, about 1780-85, 
and died in New York City in 1837. His early 
life was spent in Newport, and he was brought 
up on a farm, but on account of delicate health 
he did not continue the arduous life of a 
farmer, but joined an older brother in business 
in New York City, where he spent his subse- 
quent life. For the greater part of his resi- 
dence there he was an influential officer in the 
Presbyterian church. He was of a peculiarly 
gentle and loving nature, full of genial sym- 
pathy, of playful humor, and of such youthful 
feeling as made him strongly attractive to chil- 
dren. He married, September i, 1807, Sally 
Stanton, born October 19, 1786, at Killing- 
worth, died February 2, 1843, at Norwich, 
Connecticut (see Stanton V). Children: i. 
.Albert O., born May 10, 1810; married .\nn 
E. Hamilton. 2. Elizabeth S., born 1812; mar- 
ried Anthony Lane. 3. Henrietta, born 1814; 
married Oliver W. Norton. 5. Edwin, born 
August I, 1816; married Amelia A. Whittle- 
sey. 6. Mary Augusta, married (first) Dr. 
David D. Marvin, (second) Thomas C. Fan- 
ning. 7. William Henry, of whom further. 8. 
Giles Buckingham, born August 7, 1826; mar- 
ried Mary J. Cooley. 9. Hamilton. 

(VII) Rev. William Henry Willcox, son of 
Oliver Willcox, was born January 28, 1821, 
in Cedar street. New York City, a region which 
at that date was just ceasing to be a residence 
quarter. He attended the public schools and 
at the age of twelve completed the high school 
course. With the exception of one year he 
was then in business with his father until he 
was si.xteen years old, when his father died. 
His father had purposed to become a minister, 
but had been compelled by ill health to relin- 
quish his studies, therefore it was his earnest 
wish that his son should enter the calling thus 
closed to him, so at the age of thirteen he re- 
turned to school for a year. Shortly after his 
father's death a friend of the father offered 
him a scholarship for four years in the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York, now the 
New York University, from which he gradu- 
ated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 



1843, ''■^ ''^^ head of a class of unusual ability. 
Immediately after graduation he entered upon 
his theological studies, entering Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, from w'hich he was gradu- 
ated in 1846. He afterward received the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Laws from Drury 
College. In 1846 he presented himself for 
license to the then Fourth Presbytery of New 
York. Ready for work, the opportunity soon 
opened to him for undertaking a mission of 
an unusual character in Norwich, Connecticut. 
On "the Plain," near the monument of Uncas, 
stood an unused church edifice of average size. 
Four gentlemen residing in the neighborhood 
conceived the idea of gathering a congregation 
for it, composed of their own families and 
others of like inclination, together with the 
people working in a factory nearby. They 
invited the young minister to this work. He 
remained at Norwich until 1848, and he spent 
the following two years in private reading and 
study, broken by preaching for a short time as 
a temporary supply at South Royalston, Wor- 
cester county, Massachusetts. In the spring 
of 1850 he accepted an invitation to Elmwood, 
a growing settlement near the Providence 
boundary line, in the town of Cranston, Rhode 
Island, where he remained for two years. At 
the time he was invited to Elmwood, he was 
considering a visit to the west, with a view to 
possible settlement, but his younger brother, 
Giles B., was then a student at Andover Semi- 
nary, and after graduation would be ready to 
join him. So the elder brother waiting, in 
June, 1852, after ending his connection with 
the Elmwood church, the two set out together 
for Chicago, making brief stays at several 
smaller places, and one of several weeks in 
Detroit. The climate proving unfavorable for 
them, the thought of permanent residence was 
abandoned, and they shortly turned back, the 
elder brother going to Kennebunk. Maine, he 
having been tendered the pastorate of the 
Union Church of that town, which he accept- 
ed, and was installed pastor October 28, 1S52. 
In tlie summer of 1856 ]Mr. Willcox preach- 
ed for a part of his vacation in the Bethesda 
Church of Reading, Massachusetts, which was 
then without a head, but declined an invitation 
to become its pastor. A year later the invita- 
tion, coupled with more favorable terms, was 
renewed and was accepted. He was dismissed 
at Kennebunk, June 8, 1857, and installed at 
Reading, July 2, 1857. Thus began a pastorate 
which continued until the end of his active 
work as a clergyman nearly twenty-two years 
later. The church to which he went had about 
double the membership of the Kennebunk 
church, and throughout his pastorate continued 
to have a steady normal growth. In his 



NEW ENGLAND. 



i6i 



sermons he displayed unusual ability in pre- 
senting with clearness and power the funda- 
mental truths of Christianity, and in impress- 
ing them upon the intellects and consciences of 
his congregation. His preaching laid stress 
upon the performance of the common duties 
of life, not as forming the essence of religion, 
but as the expression of this controlling af- 
fection, as the means both of developing and 
manifesting the filial spirit. 

He was dismissed from the Reading church 
March 5, 1879, in order to take up other duties 
which demanded his time and attention. Va- 
leria Goodenow, an aunt of Mrs. Willcox. and 
in early life a member of Judge Goodenow's 
household in Alfred, had married Daniel P. 
Stone who afterwards as a drygoods merchant 
and private banker in Boston, accumulated a 
large fortune. ]\Ir. Stone died in 1S78, leav- 
ing property amounting to more than two mil- 
lions of dollars, and j\Ir. Willcox was one of 
the three executors of the will. Mrs. Stone 
requested j\lr. Willco.x to resign his pastorate 
and become her private secretary and confi- 
dential adviser, at the same salary he had 
been receiving. He did so, and a few months 
after his dismissal from his church, removed 
to Maiden, Massachusetts. During the fol- 
lowing few years, after the bequests made by 
Mr. Stone to his relatives, and the gifts in 
lieu of bequests made by Mrs. Stone to her 
relatives and friends, had consumed nearly 
one-half of the estate, more than a million 
dollars were given to educational and religious 
objects. The leading beneficiaries were the 
American Missionary Association and Phillips 
Academy, Andover, each receiving $175,000. 
Other colleges remembered were Wellesley, 
Amherst, Bowdoin, Drury, Oberlin, Dart- 
mouth, Hamilton, American, Iowa, Ripon, 
Olivet, Robert, Illinois, Beloit, Chicago Theo- 
logical Seminary, Howard University, and the 
Boston Young Men's Christian Association. 
This distribution was made almost entirely on 
the recommendations of Mr. Willcox. He 
felt strongly this responsibility, and spared 
no pains to meet it wisely. This work of per- 
sonal investigation and voluminous corre- 
spondence made the five years following 1878 
perhaps the busiest of his life, as in the service 
which they rendered to the community they 
were the most significant. The death of Mrs. 
Stone occurred in 1884, and during the time 
between that and his own death in 1904, Mr. 
Willcox was much occupied in the care of 
various religious and educational institutions. 

From October, 1877, Mr. Willcox was a 
corporate member of the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Alissions, and 
from 1887 he was president of the board of 



trustees of Jaffna College, Ceylon. Between 
1876 and 1886 he was a trustee of Drury Col- 
lege, at Springfield, Missouri, and from' 1879 
to 1882 a trustee of Abbot Academy, .Ando- 
ver. In 1878 he was made a trustee of Phillips 
Academy, Andover, and in 1879 a trustee of 
Straight Universitv. From 189 1 lie was a 
trustee of the Maiden Hospital. Wellesley 
College made him one of its trustees in 1879, 
member of the executive committtee of that 
board in 1883, and chairman thereof in 1884. 
In 1894 he was made president of the Con- 
gregational Education Society. Two of his 
sermons, "Hope for the Country" (1863), and 
"A Christian— What, How, Why" (1874), 
were published in pamphlet form, and he was 
an occasional contributor to the Congregation- 
alist. the Advance, and the American Agricul- 
turalist. 

Mr. Willcox married, May 30, 1853, Annie, 
daughter of Hon. Daniel Goodenow (q. v.). 
Children : Ella G. ; Mary A., professor of 
zoology and biology at Wellesley College for 
twenty-five years ; William Goodenow, of 
whom further: Walter F., professor of social 
science and statistics at Cornell University; 
Valeria ; Frederic A. ; and Henry Howard. 

Hon. Daniel Goodenow, deceased, father of 
Mrs. William Henry Willcox, was borj;i in 
Henniker, New Hampshire, October 30, 1793. 
His father was a farmer of too limited means 
to allow his five boys to hope for much assist- 
ance from him in acquiring anything more 
than the simplest common school education. 
But those boys were all possessed of that self- 
reliant energy and those quenchless aspira- 
tions which always proclaim mental superi- 
ority. They were determined to secure for 
themselves the coveted education which the 
poverty of their father forbade him to give 
them. They all became lawyers, and with the 
exception of John the eldest (who died soon 
after his admission to the Oxford bar in 1812) 
they were for many years prominent and hon- 
ored citizens. Daniel, the third son, entered 
Phillips Academy at Andover, Massachusetts, 
to prepare himself for college. On completing 
his preparatory studies, his limited means for- 
bade his immediate entrance upon a collegiate 
course and he left his home at Brownfield to 
enter the law office of Hon. John Holmes, at 
Alfred. This was in 1813, when he was 
twerity years of age. During the four years 
spent in i\Ir. Holmes' office he worked his way 
onward to his profession and supported him- 
self by occasionally teaching school. He also 
studied the sciences and classics so success- 
fully that in 18 17 he was admitted to the 
senior class of Dartmouth University, and 
graduated a few months later. 



1 62 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Soon after this IMr. Goodenow, having 
chosen Alfred as his home, was admitted to 
the York county bar and rapidly gained an 
extensive practice. In 1825-27-30, he was 
chosen to the House of Representatives, and 
was speaker the last year. In 1831-32-33, he 
was the candidate of the \\'hig party for gov- 
ernor : and in 1838 and again in 1841, he held 
the important office of attorney-general. In 
December, 1841, he was appointed judge of 
the district court for the western district of 
Maine, succeeding Judge Whitman. This of- 
fice he held to the very general acceptance of 
the bar and the community for the constitu- 
tional term of seven years. 

In 1848 Judge Goodenow resumed his pro- 
fessional practice and for a period of seven 
years was the acknowledged head of the York 
county bar. In 1855 he was appointed one of 
the judges of the supreme court, and filled this 
most important post with such dignified ability 
as added materially to his reputation through- 
out the state. The honorary degree of LL.D. 
was in i860 conferred upon him by Bowdoin 
College, of which institution he was a faith- 
ful and devoted trustee for the last twenty- 
five years of his life. In company with Chief 
Justice Tenney, he retired from the bench of 
the supreme court in 1862, at the age of sixty- 
nin^years. He was a practical Christian, and 
a man of the loftiest personal character. 

His first wife was a daughter of Hon. John 
Holmes, widely known for her beauty and 
accomplishments. She had four children, the 
youngest of whom died in infancy. The eld- 
est was the wife of Rev. William H. Willcox. 
The other two were lawyers in Maine, — Hon. 
John Holmes Goodenow, at Alfred, and Henry 
Clay Goodenow, of Lewiston. The mother of 
these children died in 1840. The second wife 
of Judge Goodenow (whom he married in 
1848) was a daughter of the late Judge Dana, 
of Fryeburg, and was the widow of Henry 
B. Osgood, Esq., of Portland. They had one 
daughter, who is still living. 

(XTII) William Goodenow Willcox, son of 
Rev. Dr. William Henry Willcox, was born at 
Reading, Massachusetts, February 8, 1859. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
town and the State Normal School at Bridge- 
water, Massachusetts. His business career 
began January i, 1884, when he entered the 
employ of A. O. Willcox & Son, fire and ma- 
rine insurance brokers. He was admitted to 
partnership in 1887, and shortly after the firm 
name was changed to Albert Willcox & Com- 
pany. Since the death of Albert Willcox, the 
senior partner, in 1906, the firm has consisted 
of William G. Willcox and William Y. Wem- 
ple, managers of the American business of the 



Salamandra Insurance Company of St. Peters- 
burg, Russia. The firm's brokerage business 
and the business of Charles E. and W. F. 
Peck, and also that of Walker & Hughes, was 
taken over by a corporation under the name 
of Willcox, Peck & Hughes, of which Mr. 
William G. Willcox is vice-president. He is 
also a director of the Assurance Company of 
America, and of the Battery Park National 
Bank of New York ; member of the advisory 
committee of the Staten Island branch of the 
Corn Exchange Bank of New York; president 
of the board of trustees of the S. R. Smith 
Infirmary and of the Staten Island Academy; 
trustee and treasurer of the investment com- 
mittee of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial 
Institute, Alabama, of which Booker T. Wash- 
ington is principal. He is treasurer of the 
Richmond County (New York) Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. He is 
a member of the Down Town Club of New 
York, and of the Staten Island and Richmond 
County Country clubs. In religion he is a 
Unitarian, and an independent in politics. 

Mr. Willco.x married, at West New Brigh- 
ton, Staten Island, [May 28, 1889, ^lary Otis, 
born December 20, 1861, daughter of Sydney 
Howard Gay. Her father was managing edi- 
tor of the New York Tribune for many years 
under Horace Greeley, and subsequently edi- 
tor of the Chicago Tribune. He wrote "Bry- 
ant's History of the United States," for which 
William Cullen Bryant, the poet, wrote an 
introduction. ^Irs. Willcox is a member of 
the Staten Island Chapter, Daughters of the 
American Revolution, and is active in the 
woman suffrage movement. Children, born on 
Staten Island: i. Henry, born May 3, 1890. 
2. Sydney Gay, born July 28, 1892. 3. Daniel 
Goodenow, born April 25, 1896, died March 
23, 1907. 4. Elizabeth Neall, born July 11, 
1899. 5- Anna Goodenow, born April 26, 

1903- 

(The Stanton Line). 

The surname Stanton is derived from a 
place name, and is identical with Stonington in 
origin. The family is of ancient English ori- 
gin. Robert Stanton, an early settler of New- 
port, Rhode Island, was the progenitor of 
Hon. Edwin M. Stanton, of Lincoln's cabinet; 
died in Newport in 1672, aged seventy-three. 
There was a John Stanton in \'irginia in 1635, 
and Thomas Stanton, aged twenty, sailed for 
\'irginia in 1635 'n the merchantman "Bona- 
ventura". The family historian thinks he 
went to \'irginia, but many ships whose rec- 
ords state that Virginia was the destination 
came to New England. The "Bonaventura" 
may have landed some passengers in Mrginia, 
others in Connecticut or Boston. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



163 



■ (I) Thomas Stanton, immigrant ancestor, 
was in Boston in 1636, and is on record as a 
magistrate there. If he was the one who came 
in 1635, his age must have been understated, 
as men under twenty-one were not magistrates 
in the colony, and in 1636 he was acting as 
Indian interpreter for Governor Winthrop. It 
is reasonable to suppose that he was a trader 
and had been both to New England and Vir- 
ginia before 1635, in order to have sufficient 
knowledge of the language of the Indians to 
become an interpreter. The services of Mr. 
Stanton as interpreter during the Pequot war 
were invaluable, says the history of New Lon- 
don, Connecticut: "He was, moreover, a 
man of trust and intelligence and his knowl- 
edge of the country and of the natives made 
him a useful pioneer and counsellor in all 
land questions, as well as difficulties with the 
Indians." DeForest's History of Connecti- 
cut says: "Some time in .^pril (1637) a 
small vessel arrived at the fort (Saybrook), 
having on board Thos. Stanton, a man well 
acquainted with the Indian language, and long 
useful to the colonial authorities as interpre- 
ter." Thomas Stanton served through the Pe- 
quot war and special mention is made of his 
bravery in the battle of Fairfield Swamp, 
where he nearly lost his life. He must have 
returned to Boston at the close of the war, for 
he was one of the magistrates in the trial of 
John W'ainwright, October 3, 1637. In Feb- 
ruary. 1639, he and his father-in-law, Thomas 
Lord, were settled in Hartford, Connecticut, 
coming there soon after the colony of Rev. 
Thomas Hooker established the town. He 
was appointed official interpreter for the gen- 
eral court at Hartford, April 5, 1638, and at 
the same session was sent with others on a 
mission to the Warranocke Indians and as a 
delegate to an Indian-English council meeting 
at Hartford. He was interpreter for the York- 
shire. England, colonists at New Haven, No- 
vember 24, 1638, when the land on which the 
city of New Haven is located, was bought of 
the Indians. He was an Indian trader as early 
as 1642. when with his brother-in-law, Rich- 
ard Lord, he made a voyage to Long Island 
to trade and collect old debts, and there is a 
document showing that he traded as far away 
as Virginia. He had the grant of a monopoly 
of the trading with the Indians at Pawkatuck 
and along the river of that name. He built 
a trading house there, about 165 1 moved to 
Pequot. and in 1658 occupied his permanent 
residence at Stonington. In 1650 the general 
court appointed him interpreter to the elders 
who were required to preach the gospel to the 
Indians at least twice a year. Caulkins said 
of him: "From the year 1636, when he was 



Winthrop's interpreter with the Xahantic 
sachem, to 1670 when the Uncas visited him 
with a train of warriors and captains to get 
him to write his will, his name is connected 
with almost every Indian transaction on rec- 
ord." He received several grants of land. In 
165 1 he was deputy magistrate. In 1658 he 
moved to Wequetequock Cove, east of Ston- 
ington, where he was the third settler; it was 
then called Southington, Massachusetts, part 
of Suffolk county, and in 1658 he was ap- 
pointed one of the managers. In 1664 he was 
commissioner to try small causes, and in 1665 
had authority to hold a semi-annual court at 
New London. In 1666 he was again commis- 
sioner of county judges, overseer-general of 
the Coassatuck Indians, commissioner in In- 
dian affairs, and commissioner until his death 
in 1677. In 1666 he was in the general as- 
sembly and remained until 1674. He and his 
sons were active in King Philip's war. He 
was one of the founders of the church at 
Stonington, June 3, 1674, and his name was 
the first on the roll. He died December 2, 
1677, and was buried in the family burial 
ground between Stonington and Westerly. 

He married Ann Lord, born in England, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas and Dorothy Lord. 
Her father was the first physician licensed to 
practice in Connecticut by the general court, 
June 30, 1652, and the rates he could charge 
in Hartford, Wethersfield, Windsor, and other 
towns in this section were fixed in the license, 
a salary of fifteen pounds to be paid by the 
county. The Lord coat-of-arms: Argent on 
a fesse gules between three cinque foils azure 
a hind passant between two pheons or. Ann 
Stanton spent her last days with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Dorothy Noyes, of Stonington. and 
died there in 1688. The original home site of 
Thomas Stanton at Hartford is now occupied 
by the Jewell Leather Belting Company fac- 
tory. Children: Thomas, born 1638: John, 
1641 ; Mary, 1643; Hannah, 1644; Joseph, 
mentioned Below ; Daniel, 1648 ; Dorothy, 
1651 ; Robert, 1653; Sarah, 1655; Samuel, 

1657- 

(II) Joseph, son of Thomas Stanton, was 
born in 1646, baptized March 21, 1646. He 
went with his parents to Stonington. anrl set- 
tled on a large tract of land which his father 
had bought of a Narragansett Indian chief for 
a half bushel of wampum. The sachem's child 
was a captive and was redeemed by the aid of 
Thomas Stanton, so the Indian sold the land 
as part payment of the price. In 1669 he was 
appointed assistant magistrate to hold court 
in New London. In 1685 he leased land in 
Charlestown. Rhode Island, formerly part of 
Westerlv, "where I do now live," showing 



i64 



NEW ENGLAND. 



that he had moved there. He married (first) 
June 19, 1673, Hannah Mead, of Roxbury, 
who died in 1676, daughter of William 2^Iead. 
He married a second, and perhaps a third and 
fourth time. Children: Joseph, born 1674; 
Hannah, 1676, buried May 6, 1681 ; Thomas, 
December 16, 1678, died young: Rebecca, 
April, 1681 : Thomas, baptized April 5, 1691 ; 
Daniel, mentioned below; Samuel, baptized 
July 16, 1698, died young. 

(HI) Captain Daniel Stanton, son of Jo- 
seph Stanton, was baptized April i, 1694, died 
December 28, 1773. He married (first) 
Mercy, daughter of Job Babcock. of Westerly ; 

(second) ; (third) December 10, 1762, 

probably Prudence, daughter of Rev. Salmon 
and Dorothy (Xoyes) Treat. Children: Dan- 
iel, married twice ; Samuel, married Sarah 
Browning; John, mentioned below; Joseph, 
married Abigail Sheffield ; George, died un- 
married ; Mary ; Elizabeth. 

(IV) John, son of Captain Daniel Stanton, 
was born in February, 1722, in Charlestown, 
Rhode Island, died at Paris, Oneida county. 
New York, September i, 1814. He married 
Dorothy Richardson, born 1724, died 1790, 
daughter of Jonathan and Anne (Treat) Rich- 
ardson, and granddaughter of Dorothy 
(Noyes) Treat. Children, born at Westerly: 
Adam, mentioned below ; Daniel ; Amos, born 
December 22, 1756; George: Prudence; An- 
na; Dorothy; Mary, 1769; Rachel; Rebecca, 

1773- 

(\') Adam, son of John Stanton, was born 

in Westerly in 1749, died at Clinton, Connecti- 
cut, October 15, 1834. He moved from Wes- 
terly, in 1774-75, and settled in Killingworth, 
Connecticut, in the southern part, now Clinton. 
He built his house on the lot where stood the 
house of Abraham Pierson, the first president 
of Yale College, and the timbers of the Pier- 
son house are now in the Stanton house. His 
first business was making salt from the water 
of Long Island sound, sending it by ox trains 
to Boston, and selling it for two dollars a 
bushel. He married, December 4, 1777, Eliza- 
beth, born May 28, 1754, at Preston, Connec- 
ticut, died May 23, 1805, daughter of Rev. 
Samuel Treat. Children : Mary, born Octo- 
ber 23, 1778; Elizabeth, May 29, 1780; John, 
April 5, 1783; Sally, October 19, 1786, died 
February 2, 1843, inarried, September i, 1807, 
Oliver \\'illcox (see Willcox \'l) ; Nancy, 
February 18, 1790, accidentally burned to 
death, February 28, 1879. 



James Cowdin or Cowden, 

COWDIN son of Thomas Cowden, was 

born in the north of Ireland in 



169= 



Thomas Cowden came thither from 



Scotland. The coat-of-arms of James Cowden 
answers to the description of the most an- 
cient Cowden coat-of-arms in Scotland : 
"Azure on a fesse argent between three an- 
nulets or. a lion passant sable. Crest : A demi- 
lion sable charged with an annulet or label. 
In Ireland the common spelling has been Cow- 
din, but Cowden is also used. Family tradi- 
tion states that James Cowdin was a barrister 
and resided for some time in Dublin. He mar- 
ried young, and had one child, David. 
Early in 1720 he married (second) Janet 
Craige. It is said that his first wife was 
"Lady Polly Connor." Janet Craige or Craig 
was also of Scotch parentage, both Craigs and 
Cowdens coming from Scotland and locating 
near each other between Manor Cunningham 
and Newton Cunningham. In 1728 James 
Cowden, his wife and four or five children, 
also Matthew Cowden, son of William Cow- 
den, twelve years the junior of James and 
probably his cousin, came from Londonderry, 
Ireland. Matthew located in Paxtang town- 
ship in Pennsylvania, where many Scotch- 
Irish settled and where he doubtless had rela- 
tives and friends. In his family records we 
find "He had relatives in New England." 
Mrs. Cowden probably had relatives among 
the New England Scotch-Irish, for John, 
David and Robert Craige came with the pio- 
neers in 1718. The Cowdens settled in Wor- 
cester, [Massachusetts, whither some of the 
first Scotch-Irish had come, and in 1731 he 
purchased land at North Worcester and 
cleared a farm in what is now Holden. In 
1740 James Cowden and his son David were 
petitioners for the incorporation of the town 
of Holden. He died October i, 1748, "having 
gone to W'orcester to execute his will, just 
written, he was taken suddenly ill. and died 
in a few hours." He left a considerable es- 
tate. His widow administered the estate. She 
married (second) Captain James Craig, a 
prominent citizen of Rutland, Massachusetts, 
April 16, 1755, and she died February 19, 
1776. Children of James Cowden: David-, 
captain in revolution ; Thomas, mentioned be- 
low ; IMargaret ; William, captain in the revo- 
lution ; Samuel ; Elizabeth ; Robert : John ; 
James. David, James and John invested in 
New York lands ; John settled in Canada ; 
David and James at Cambridge, Washington 
county, New York. Robert lived at Prince- 
ton, Massachusetts ; William in Worcester and 
Rutland : Samuel in Rutland. Each of the 
sons learned a trade. 

(II) Captain Thomas Cowdin, son of James 
Cowdin, was born in Ireland, December 25, 
1720. His education was received chiefly in 
the home in North Worcester under the in- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



165 



struction of his father, and he became well 
versed in jurisprudence and in Roman, Eng- 
lish, Scottish and Irish history. In youth he 
served an apprenticeship in Marlboro as a 
blacksmith, and afterward opened a shop on 
his own account on Main street, Worcester. 
He belonged to a company of cavalry there 
and was sergeant in the old French and In- 
dian war, sailing from Boston for Louisburg, 
March 24. 1745, and he distinguished himself 
during the fight. Afterwards he was sta- 
tioned at the town of Charlestown No. 4, New 
Hampshire, and on one occasion was detailed 
with two soldiers to carry despatches to Fort 
Dummer. ^Meeting hostile Indians, the little 
party scattered and ran for their lives. Cow- 
din reached what is now Keene. New Hamp- 
shire, and a company of soldiers was sent to 
escort him to Fort Dummer. When returning 
to Charlestown No. 4, they met searching par- 
ties looking for Cowdin, whom his compan- 
ions supposed to have been captured or killed. 
Sergeant Cowdin sailed from Boston, ^lay 20, 
1755, in the e.xpedition against Nova Scotia, 
and he continued in the service most of the 
time until the close of the French and Indian 
war. He was commissioned ensign, Septem- 
ber 24. 1756, and lieutenant, February 21, 
1760. He was detailed to search for deserters, 
April 17, 1761. He was commissioned captain 
by Governor Francis Bernard, April 18, 1761, 
and the commission is now in the possession 
of the Wallace library of Fitchburg, as is also 
his captain's commission, dated April 6, 1780, 
and his commission as justice of the peace. 

In 1764 Captain Cowdin bought of Samuel 
, Hunt his property in Fitchburg and removed 
thither in July. The house had been used 
as a tavern and for ten years Captain Cow- 
din continued to conduct an inn there. The 
location on Pearl street has long been known 
as the General Wood place. He was on the 
building committee and gave an acre and forty 
rods of land from his wheat field for a site 
for the new meeting house. During the win- 
ter of 1764-65 services were held in Cowdin's 
house. He was town clerk from 1766 to 1775, 
selectman for many years, and member of the 
school committee. He owned much real es- 
tate ; some four hundred acres of land in 
Fitchburg, and his homestead of some two 
hundred acres extended from Mount Vernon 
street to Baker's brook. In 1770 he was the 
largest ta.xpayer. In 1775 he built a house 
on the site of the present American House and 
resided there the remainder of his days. In 
1779 he was made a Free ]\Iason in Trinity 
Lodge of Lancaster. 

He was opposed to the war of the revolution 
and was at first called a Tory, but he sent his 



son Thomas with a load of provisions for the 
minute-men when on the march to Lexington. 
For the first time after he became a freeman 
of Fitchburg he was dropped from the list of 
town officers. But he soon joined the Whigs, 
and in 1777 responded to the Bennington 
Alarm in the Fitchburg company. In 1778 he 
enlisted for eight months, and in 1779 he served 
three months as captain in Captain James 
Denny's regiment which was sent to reinforce 
the American army in New York. He was 
elected representative to the first general court 
under the new state constitution in 1780 and 
several years afterward. His influence became 
greater than ever. During Shays' Rebellion 
he loyally supported the government. Until 
emancipation came with the constitution in 
1780, Captain Cowdin owned negro slaves and 
afterward they remained in his employ. Two 
of these, Nancy, the maid servant of Mrs. 
Cowdin, and Mevus, the body-servant of the 
captain, were important figures in the family 
history. Mevus was something of a fiddler 
and his services were in demand for dances 
far and near. 

An excellent account of the life of Captain 
Cowdin was written by Miss Ada L. Howard, 
ex-president of Wellesley College, and is pub- 
lished in the proceedings of the Fitchburg 
Historical Society in 1898. It is illustrated 
with engravings of the oil paintings of Captain 
Cowdin and his wife. "Till past threescore 
and ten," says Miss Howard, "Esquire Cow- 
din was strong in heart and intellect. He 
was keenly alive to the interests of the town 
of Fitchburg — the schools, the militia and the 
church. He was honored as 'one of the richest 
men of his time', and the great secret of his 
success and power was his unswerving integ- 
rity." He died at Fitchburg, April 22, 1792, 
and was buried in the old South Street bury- 
ing ground. A monument of Quincy granite 
was erected to his memory by his grandson, 
John Cowdin, of Boston, and occupies a con- 
spicuous place on the summit of Laurel Hill. 

He married (first) November 19, 1748, Ex- 
perience Gray, of Worcester. She died April 
3, 1760. He married (second) October 2, 
1761, Hannah Craig, of Rutland. "She was 
a woman of sterling character and worthy of 
her honored husband. * * * All tradi- 
tions represent Mrs. Cowdin as endowed with 
strong mental power and the physical health 
to make that power effective in many direc- 
tions." She administered her husband's es- 
tate and brought up five minor children. She 
spent her last years with her daughter, Mrs. 
Jacob LTpton. and died at Fitchburg, July 30, 
1822. The births of the children are recorded 
in Fitchburg in the father's own hand, viz: 



1 66 



NEW ENGLAND. 



l^l.'l^'l 



Thomas, born March 7, 1754, at Worcester; 
Experience, January 10, 1757, at Worcester; 
Hannah, June 23, 1763, at Worcester. Born 
at Fitchburg: Joseph, July 5, 1765; Angler, 
mentioned below; Daniel, October 30, 1769; 
James. March 30, 1772. 

(Ill) Angier, son of Captain Thomas Cow- 
din, was born at Fitchburg, July 13, 1767. A 
story of his youth is related by Miss Howard. 
He saw a bear in the woods and ran home for 
a gun, but his father refused to let him have 
it. The servant Xancy got the gun for the 
boy, however, and he hurried back and shot 
the bear, which was brought to the Cowdin 
home by some woodsmen. The only comment 
of the Squire when he was convinced that the 
lad had shot the bear was to say to Xancy, 
"You are a curious girl." He settled in Ja- 
maica, Vermont. He married (first) Sally 
Farwell, who died in 1794 with her mfant 



daughter. Married (second) Abbie 



-a.vC£v- 

born in Fitchburg in 1767, died in 1830. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Angier, died 1795 ; Abel, 
died March 3, 1866; Jephthan R., born Xo- 
vember 14, 1799, died December 20, 1864; 
Alary F., born July 29, 1801, died April 30, 
1862: Martha F., twin of Mary F., born July 
29, 1801, died October 10, 1856: Hannah D., 
born July 25, 1803, died August 15, 1875; 
General Robert, born September 18, 1805, died 
July 9, 1874, colonel of one of the first regi- 
ments to start for Washington after Fort Sum- 
ter was fired upon; John, born December 11, 
1807, died March 10, 1885 ; Samantha, born 
April 9, 1809, died February 28, 1844; Caro- 
line, born September 17, 1812, died January 
3. 1832; Sarah E.. born April 24, 1815, died 
September 15, 1833; Sylvia C. born Alay 13, 
1817, died December 28, 1862: Elliot Christo- 
pher, mentioned below. 

(IV) Elliot Christopher, son of Angier 
Cowdin, was born at Jamaica, Vermont, Au- 
gust 9, 1819. His father died when he was 
a child and during his boyhood he was under 
the care of his brother John, a Boston mer- 
chant and importer, at whose house he lived 
for more than twenty years. He attended 
the common schools, and at the age of sixteen 
years became a clerk in the store of Allen & 
Mann, dealers in ribbons and millinery, Bos- 
ton. After he had been with this house for 
nine years, the senior partner died and he 
was admitted to the firm, the name of which 
became W. H. Mann & Company in 1844. One 
of the factors that contributed materially to 
his success in life was the education he re- 
ceived as a m.ember of. the Mercantile Library 
Association, a club of merchants' clerks then 
located in. School street. The members de- 
claimed, wrote compositions and had lecture 



courses. In October, 1S42, he was elected 
treasurer. 

In 1846 he made his first trip abroad to 
purchase goods for the firm and from that 
time as long as he lived he made frequent 
voyages to Europe, from New York to Paris, 
Lyons, St. Etienne and Basle. He crossed 
the Atlantic eighty-six times. He was in 
Paris during the French revolution of 1848. 
In the spring of 1853 he withdrew from the 
firm of W. H. Mann & Company, and estab- 
lished a new firm in Xew York under the 
name of Elliot C. Cowdin & Company with a 
branch in Paris, and he made his home in 
Paris and attended to the buying. Business 
grew and prospered. He entertained many 
American friends at his home in Paris, and 
there Charles Sumner was a guest when he 
sought rest and recuperation after the assault 
by Senator Brooks. 

When the financial panic of 1857 came, he 
made haste to return to Xew York. But few 
merchants and manufacturers escaped failure 
and he expected to see his fortune wiped out, 
when he found that three-quarters of the cus- 
tomers of the firm had suspended or were 
unable to meet their obligations, but he weath- 
ered the storm and maintained his credit. He 
demonstrated the possession of that union of 
probity, firmness, integrity and sagacity which 
inspired confidence. In the autumn of 1858 
he made his home in Xew York City and after- 
ward made two trips abroad each year. 

When the civil war came he gave his hearty 
support to the government. He was a Repub- 
lican and made his first political speech as 
president of the Republican festival in Xew 
York. Februarv- 22, i860, and was active in 
organizing the Union League Club of Xew 
York, the purpose of which was to make pa- 
triotism fashionable and bring into activity in 
the cause of freedom and union the forces of 
wealth and culture. "The tremendous pres- 
sure which the L'nion League Club of Xew 
York, strong in wealth, high in social posi- 
tion, dominant in intelligence, vehement in 
patriotism, merciless in hunting traitors to 
their last hiding places, brought to bear on 
the latent treason peeping forth in some of 
the highest circles of Xew York society has 
never been adequately recognized." Early in 
1 861 ]Mr. Cowdin was in Paris and his office 
was a center for the Union Americans, and 
he presided at the great American Union 
breakfast, May 29, 1861. at the Grand Hotel 
du Louvre, making the opening speech. He 
kept a sharp eye on the American representa- 
tives and in at least one instance detected a 
disloyal official. In the fall he returned to 
Xew York, visited the army in the field and 




6.^^(^-^ 6 6^74^. 



Z-C-'f^zy 



NEW ENGLAND. 



167 



made a stirring patriotic address. In 1862 he 
was nominated as the Union candidate for 
congress in the eighth New York district, but 
was defeated. He was appointed one of the 
commissioners of the United States to the 
great Paris Exposition of 1867, and he pre- 
pared a report on silk and silk manufactures 
that proved to be of great value to American 
merchants and manufacturers. In 1869 he re- 
moved his family to Paris, and in May of 
that year he presided at a farewell banquet 
given by Americans to General John A. Dix. 
Hon. E. B. Washburne, who succeeded Gen- 
eral Dix as ambassador, became a valued 
friend, and when Air. Cowdin died, he wrote: 
"I never had a more sincere, unselfish and 
devoted friend, personal and political. As a 
husband, father, friend and citizen, Mr. Cow- 
din was almost without a peer." Mr. Cowdin 
came to know the Americans in Paris and the 
Americans visiting that city better than any- 
one else, for he kept open house and his din- 
ners and receptions were the most graceful 
and genial acts of hospitality which the great 
city afforded to Americans who were only for 
a few weeks resident in it. When Paris was 
besieged Mr. Cowdin's family was on the 
last train that left Paris, and afterward he 
was in Paris during the desperate days of 
the Commune. He observed affairs closely 
and afterward gave a very valuable and in- 
structive lecture on "The War, the Commune 
and the International," at Cooper Union, New 
York. In 1876 he was prevailed upon to ac- 
cept a nomination to the state assembly, and 
he was elected. He introduced a bill to re- 
duce the excessive taxation of bank stock in 
New York, and it was defeated by a narrow 
margin. This legislature, it is said, was one 
of the worst in temper and disposition of any 
in the history of the state. Mr. Cowdin sup- 
ported otherwise progressive legislation, but 
appears to have been a generation ahead of 
the majority of his colleagues, and his mea- 
sures met with gross personal abuse and ma- 
lignant vituperation. He sought to introduce 
better business methods, and effect sensible 
economy in the administration of New York 
City, and he tried to organize an eft'ective 
street cleaning department. Disappointed at 
the result of his year's work, he declined re- 
election. 

In 1877 he retired from commercial business 
and went to live at Mount Kisco on a pretty 
farm he had bought there, and he set to work 
with vigor and enthusiasm to transform it 
into a country place of elegance and beauty 
as well as a highly productive farm. He was 
one of the active members of the Bedford 
Farmers' Club and one of the reunions of the 



club was held at his house shortly before he 
died. After he became a resident of West- 
chester county, he was urged to take the nom- 
ination for congress on the death of Hon. 
Alexander Smith, of Yonkers, but he declined 
the honor, though he took an active part in 
the campaign and presided at Cooper Insti- 
tute at the merchants' meeting when Senator 
Blaine spoke. 

Mr. Cowdin died at his New York home, 14 
West Twenty-first street. New York, April 12, 
1880, after a short illness of Bright's disease. 

The firm which Air. Cowdin established was 
engaged chiefly in importing silks ; after his 
withdrawal it became Hanson, Wood & Com- 
pany. Mr. Cowdin was a leading member for 
many years of the New York chamber of 
commerce and was chairman of the executive 
' committee at the time of his death. He was 
vice-president of the Union League Club ; had 
been president of the New England Society; 
was a member of the Century Club ; director 
of the Aletropolitan Bank, the Hanover Fire 
Insurance Company and of the Woman's Hos- 
pital ; member of the Westchester Agricultural 
Society. 

He was the intimate and trusted friend of 
such statesmen as Sumner, Greeley and Henry 
Wilson. In a letter to Mrs. Cowdin, General 
Sherman wrote: "Will you permit me to in- 
trude for a moment on your sacred thresh- 
old to mingle my grief with yours on learn- 
ing the death of your good husband. You 
will remember that he was always kind to us 
who fought for our country in its day of 
peril, that I have been more than once your 
guest, notably in Paris, and that I am in- 
debted to Mr. Cowdin for many acts of great 
kindness in public, .\mong all my acquain- 
tances I can recall no more ardent, enthusias- 
tic and generous patriot than Air. Cowdin, 
and I lament his death as a national loss." 

The Evening Mail paid this tribute to his 
citizenship: "For the public, the one great 
lesson of Mr. Cowdin's life was the fact that 
he realized and performed the duties of a 
citizen. If New York had twenty such men, 
the fight against municipal misrule and bad 
State legislation would be far more hopeful. 
He gave his money freely for all good causes. 
But he did far more than that. He gave hirn- 
self. .\nd he found a noble satisfaction in 
doing his duty as a citizen. He found in po- 
litical and public activities an unfailing stim- 
ulus, a keen delight and a self-rewarding 
toil." 

A memoir bv E. P. Whipple published 
shortly after Air. Cowdin died contains m 
addition to a biography, the funeral sermon by 
Rev. Dr. Bellovvs, newspaper obituaries and 



i68 



NEW ENGLAND. 



memorial editorials and resolutions and mes- 
sages of condolence. He and his family at- 
tended All Souls' Church. 

He married, September 13, 1853, Sarah 
Katharine Waldron, of Boston, born Febru- 
ary 4, 1827, died December 6, 1903, daughter 
of Samuel Wallis and Martha (Alelcher) 
Waldron. 

Children : i. Katherine Waldron, born June 
5, 1856: married (first) Dr. Caspar Griswold ; 
(second) Henry iMarquand. 2. John Elliot, 
mentioned below. 3. Alartha Waldron, born 
November 15, 1859; married Robert Bacon, 
formerly secretary of state of the United 
States, now United States x\mbassador to 
France : children : Robert Low, born July 23, 
1884; Caspar Criswold, born March 7, 1886, 
Elliot Cowdin, born July 4, 1888 : Martha, 
July 4, 1890. 4. Winthrop, born September 28, 
1861 : married (first) Lena, daughter of 
Bishop Henry C. Potter, (second) Lelia, 
daughter of Dr. Harrison, of Virginia. 5. 
Alice, born September 5, 1866: married Ham- 
ilton L. Hoppin ; children: Hamilton How- 
land ; Geoffrey, died November, 1903. 6. El- 
liot Channing, born March 28, 1872. 

(V) John Elliot, son of Elliot Christopher 
Cowdin, was born in Boston. March 22, 1858. 
He received his early education in private 
schools in New York City. In 1869 he went 
abroad and studied in France and Germany, 
returning in 1875 to enter Harvard College 
from which he was graduated in the class of 
1879 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 
He engaged in the manufacture of silk in 
New York City, as a partner in the firm of 
Johnson, Cowdin & Company. The business 
has been very successful and continues under 
the same name, though the senior partner died 
in 1887. In politics Air. Cowdin is a Repub- 
lican, in religion a L^nitarian. He is a member 
of the University Club, the Harvard Club, the 
Union League Club and other clubs of New 
York City, and of the New England Society 
of New York. He resides at 13 Gramercy 
Park, New York. 

He married, May 20, 1885, Gertrude Chee- 
ver, born INIay 16, 1863, in New York City, 
daughter of John H. and Anna (Dow) Chee- 
ver. Children: i. Elliot Christopher, born in 
New York City, Alarch 3, 1886. 2. Ethel, 
April 16, 1887; married, June 4, 1910, Charles 
^Morgan, son of Charles Morgan, of New 
York : child : Charles Morgan, born March 
18, 191 1. 3. John Cheever. !March 17, 1889. 



Although the Snowdens of 
SNOWDEN Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
claim no New England an- 
cestry in their paternal line they trace, through 



intermarriage, to the oldest and most historic 
families in New England — the Hookers, Fitz 
Randolphs, Leetes, Smiths and many others of 
note. The Snowdens herein recorded spring 
from an English ancestor, whose family, al- 
though perhaps originally founded in Scotland, 
was long seated in Yorkshire, West Riding. 
Sir Walter Scott, in the "Lady of the Lake," 
names King James as the "Knight of Snow- 
den" and Snowdens paid the "hearth tax" in 
Yorkshire as far back as Queen Elizabeth who 
began to reign in 1558. The name of Snow- 
den is yet found in Yorkshire and is not an 
uncommon one. The American ancestor, John 
Snowden, was the son of William, but no 
record of him is found, save in papers of his 
son John, who speaks of land inherited from 
his father, William, lying in Delaware county, 
Pennsylvania. He probably lived and died in 
England, and may have invested through his 
son in Pennsylvania lands. He had three 
children : William, settled at Burlington, New 

Jersey, married Hannah , who survived 

him and married (second) Moses Lippincott; 
John, of whom further ; Ann, who married 
John Pancoast. 

(II) John, son of William Snowden, was 
born in Knaresboro, Yorkshire, England, in 
1632, died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 
May, 1736. He came to America where the 
first definite knowledge of him is found when 
in 1677 he signed in a list of the proprietors 
of West Jersey, but he was in Pennsylvania 
prior to that date as there are land records 
in Delaware county showing his ownership of 
land there at an earlier date. Later he settled 
on lands at Burlington, New Jersey, probably 
to be near old friends from Yorkshire who had 
settled there. He also owned land across the 
river in Falls township, Pennsylvania, and in 
Philadelphia. He was associate judge of 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 1704-1712; mem- 
ber of the house of assembly from Bucks coun- 
ty, 1715-1717-171S: justice of the peace; 
moved from Bucks county to Philadelphia 
about 1720, where he remained until death. 
He had been brought up in the Established 
Church but later had joined the Quakers in 
Yorkshire and in New Jersey and was a mem- 
ber of the Burlington ]Meeting. When the 
trouble arose in that meeting with Keith he 
seems to have sided with the "Keithians". 
Later he became a Baptist and was immersed 
in 1704. He married in Burlington ^Meeting, 
2mo., 13 day. 1682, Ann Barrett, probably a 
widow, and daughter of Benjamin and j\Iar- 
garet Scott. She died 1688 and was buried 
at what is now Fourth and Arch streets. Phil- 
adelphia. He married (second), 1718, Eliza- 
beth Swift, evidently a daughter of Joseph 



NEW ENGLAND. 



169 



Swift, a prominent man and a leader in the 
Keith division. She is mentioned in his will. 
She married (second) William Fletcher. Chil- 
dren of John Snowden, all by first wife: Ann, 
born 1683, was unmarried and living at the 
time of her father's death ; Margaret, born 

1684, married Priestley; John, of 

whom further; William, married Abigail 
WooUey ; Mary, married, 6mo., 8 day, 1726, 
Benjamin Wright. 

(Ill) John (2), son of John (i) Snowden, 
"the founder", was born in Burlington, New 
Jersey, 1685, died in Philadelphia, March 24, 
175 1. He owned large tanning interests, farm 
property and Philadelphia property at Second 
and Dock streets that remained in the family 
for four generations. He was one of the 
founders of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Philadelphia, and the first regularly ordained 
elder of the Presbyterian church in this coun- 
try. He represented the first church in the 
Synods of 1717-1718-1719-1721-1725 and 
1727. He married (first), November 10, 1709, 
iMary, daughter of Christopher Taylor, a 
leading citizen of Chester county. He mar- 
ried (second), October 4, 1720. in Princeton, 
New Jersey, Mrs. Ruth ( Fitz Randolph) Har- 
rison, widow of Edward Harrison and daugh- 
ter of Benjamin Fitz Randolph. She was born 
at Piscataway, New Jersey, April 8, 1695, ^'^^ 
September 25, 1780, at Maidenhead (now 
Lawrenceville. New Jersey). Benjamin, her 
father, was born in Plymouth colony at Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts, 1663, died in Princeton, 
New Jersey, October 5, 1746, son of Edward 
Fitz Randolph, born 1615. in Nottinghamshire, 
England, died at Piscataway, New Jersey, 
1676. He was one of the early Pilgrims and 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Blos- 
som, an Englishman who joined the Puritans 
at Leyden. sailed in the "Speedwell" for Amer- 
ica, but went back when the "Speedwell" was 
found unseaworthy. He later came to Amer- 
ica in the "Mayflower" on her last voyage. 
Elizabeth, his daughter was born in Leyden, 
Holland, and came to America with her father, 
who became one of the founders of Plymouth. 
Benjamin Fitz Randolph married Sarah Den- 
nis, born at Piscataway July 18, 1673, '^'^'^1 '^'^ 
Princeton. New Jersey, November 22, 1732, a 
descendant of the early New England families 
of Dennis, Howland and Bloomfield. 

Children of John (2) Snowden and his first 
wife, ]\Iary Taylor: James, born March 8, 
171 1, married Catherine, daughter of Caleb 
North: Rebecca, born February, 1713, mar- 
ried, 1730, Charles Edgar: Mary, born 1715. 
married (first), 1735, David Murray, (second) 
Matthias Keen, a captain of the revolution and 
burgess of Bristol, Pennsylvania ; Anna, died 



in infancy; John, born 1718, died 1772, mar- 
ried, 1740, Rachel Hendrick. Children of 
John (2) Snowden and his second wife, Ruth 
(Fitz Randolph-Harrison) Benjamin, born 
1721, died 1748; Jedidiah, born September 21, 
1724, died 1797, married Mary Bell. He is 
the ancestor of Dr. Weir Mitchell, the famous 
physician of Philadelphia, and well known 
author of historical novels; Isaac, of whom 
further; Rachel, died in childhood. 

(IV) Isaac, son of John (2) Snowden and 
his second wife, Ruth (Fitz Randolph-Harri- 
son) was born in Philadelphia, April 14, 
1732, died in Middletown township, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, December 26, 
1809. His tombstone yet standing is re- 
markable for its elaborate and well 
chosen words of eulogy. He owned a 
great deal of land in and around Princeton, 
New Jersey, and was an early friend and pa- 
tron of both the town and college. He owned 
tanneries in Philadelphia and a parcel of land 
extending from the north side of Spruce street 
to the south side of Chestnut street, and from • 
the west side of Ninth street to the east side 
of Eleventh street. He made Philadelphia his 
home until the British occupied Philadelphia 
when he took up his residence in Princeton. 
He was a distinguished patriot and civil officer 
of Philadelphia, and in Princeton is remem- 
bered for his early connection with Princeton 
and as a trustee for sixteen years of Prince- 
ton College. He was quartermaster of the 
Fourth Battalion of Philadelphia Associators 
in 1775, and in 1777 under Colonel Kane; al- 
though himself under arms he enlisted and 
paid the cost of keeping two men in the field 
that he might always be represented. From 
1777 to 1779 he was commissioner to sign con- 
tinental money and his name may be seen on 
many bills yet in existence. From 1780 to 
1782' he was" treasurer of Philadelphia county 
and city. He was equally prominent in the 
Presbyterian church, and was the first treas- 
urer of the L^nited Synod of Pennsylvania and 
New Jersey : first treasurer of the first Gen- 
eral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States ; charter member of the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia, and 
member of the committee that prepared the 
form of government for the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States. 

As stated he served sixteen years as trustee 
of Princeton College and with Mr. Bayard 
furnished the funds to send its president, Rev. 
John Witherspoon, to Europe in the interest of 
the college. He was a member of the social 
organization, ''The State in Schuylkill," and his 
name appears on its first list of members, after 
the sjranting of its charter. The club was 



IJO 



NEW ENGLAND. 



formed by wealthy gentlemen to acquire lands 
for fishing and shooting purposes and as a 
purely social body. It is still maintained as a 
social club, menilDership being derived by in- 
heritance, no new members being admitted in 
any other way. Isaac Snowden was a leader 
in "his city, niaintained an elegant, hospitable 
mansion and in social life was very prominent. 
He married (first), :\Iarch 8, 1759, Alary 
Parker, born September 8, 1726, died 2^Iay 29, 
1761, a native-born Philadelphian, daughter of 
Benjamin Parker. He married (second), 
March 17, 1763, in Old Christ Episcopal 
Church, Philadelphia (where his first marriage 
was also solemnized), Mary (Cox) AlcCall, 
born 1735, died June 30, 1806, widow of Sam- 
uel r\IcCall and daughter of William Co.x (also 
Co.xe) and Mary Francis. William Cox, one 
of the early counsellors of Philadelphia, was 
born in England and educated in Holland. 
Children of Isaac Snowden and his first wife : 

1. Benjamin Parker, born 1760, was lost at 
sea ; he was a graduate of Princeton and -left 
a will which was not probated until three years 
after his loss was reported. 2. ]\Iary, died in 
infancy. Children of Isaac Snowden and his 
second' wife: 3. Isaac (2), born 1764, a grad- 
uate of Princeton College, and an elder of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia ; 
married Cornelia Clarkson. 4. Rev. Gilbert 
Tennent, born 1766, died 1797; graduate of 
Princeton, and an eloquent, forceful minister 
of the Presbyterian church. 5. Rev. Samuel 
Finley, born' 1767, died 1845 ; graduate of 
Princeton and a prominent minister of the 
Presbyterian church : married Susan Breese ; 
descendants are yet found in New Jersey, but 
are mostly in the south, particularly Tennes- 
see. 6. Rev. Nathaniel Randolph, of whom fur- 
ther. 7. Rev. Charles Tennent, bom 1772, died 
at an advanced age ; was a graduate of Prince- 
ton and a minister of the Presbyterian church ; 
married Sarah ]\Ialcolm, daughter of General 
Malcolm, of New Jersey. 8. Mary, born 1774, 
died 1774. 9. William, born 1776, died unmar- 
ried. 

(V) Rev. Nathaniel Randolph Snowden. son 
of Isaac Snowden by his second wife ]vlary 
(Cox-McCall) Snowden, was born in Phila- 
delphia, January 17. 1770, died in Freeport, 
Armstrong county, Pennsylvania, November 

2, 185 1. He was a graduate of Princeton Col- 
lege, class of 1787, studied divinity and was 
ordained a minister of the Presbyterian church 
in 1792. His first pastorate was over the 
church at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where he 
also had charge of the churches at Derry and 
Paxtang, preaching in all every Sunday. His 
was the first English church in Harrisburg. 
He was a tutor for a time at Dickinson Col- 



lege, Carlisle, which in its early days was a 
Presbyterian college. He remained at Harris- 
burg from 1792 to 1803. then was for several 
years at Aliddletown and Williamsport, Penn- 
sylvania. He lived for a number of years in 
Philadelphia, retired from the ministry, then 
settled in Armstrong county, at Freeport, 
where he died. He was of a kindly, sympa- 
thetic nature and accomplished a great deal of 
good for his blaster's cause. He married, 
]\Iay 24, 1792, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Sa- 
rah Gustine, born June 21, 1775, in New York 
City, died- April 2, 1856, at Freeport, Arm- 
strong county, daughter of Lemuel (2) Gus- 
tine, born 1749, at Saybrook, Connecticut, died 
1807, at Carlisle (see Gustine \'). Children 
of Rev. Nathaniel R. Snowden: i. Dr. Isaac 
^^■a^■ne, of whom further. 2. Dr. Charles Gus- 
tine, born 1796, died 1868; studied medicine 
and spent his life engaged in the practice of 
his profession at Freeport. Armstrong county, 
Pennsylvania. He married (first) Sarah 
Scott, (second) Margaret Given. 3. Dr. Lem- 
uel Gustine, born 1798, died 1842. He was a 
regularly qualified physician. 4. Samuel, died 
young. 5. Mary Parker, born 1801, died 1889; 
married James Thompson, chief justice of the 
supreme court of Pennsylvania. 6. Nathaniel 
Duffield, born 1803, died 1864. He was also 
a regularly accredited physician, in practice all 
his active life. He married Jane AlcClelland, 
and their only living son is Major General 
George Randolph Snowden, of Philadelphia. 
7. James Ross, of whom further. 

(\T) James Ross, son of Nathaniel R. and 
Sarah (Gustine) Snowden, was born Decem- 
ber 9, 1809, near Chester, Pennsylvania, died 
in Bucks county, March 21, 1878. He studied 
under the direction of his father at Dickinson 
College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, later embraced 
the profession of law and at the age nineteen 
years was admitted to the bar. He located 
at Franklin, Pennsylvania, where he practiced 
until his entrance into public and political life. 
He was a Democrat in politics and was chosen 
a member of the assembly from Venango coun- 
ty. In 1842 and 1844 he was speaker of the 
House. In 1847 treasurer of the United 
States, and during 1847 and 1848 also treas- 
urer of the United States mint at Philadelphia. 
In 1852 he became solicitor for the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad and removed his residence to 
Pittsburgh. In 1853 he was appointed direc- 
tor of the United States mint at Philadelphia, 
continuing until 1861. At that time the di- 
rector of the Philadelphia mint was director 
of all United States mints. From 1861 to 
1873 he was prothonotary of the supreme 
court of Pennsylvania. In the latter year he 
returned to the practice of his profession. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



171 



locating in Philadelphia. He was a high au- 
thority on mint management, and when the 
government began an investigation into the 
condition of the several mints he was ap- 
pointed to assist in the investigation. He was 
the author of "Mint Manual of Coins of all 
Nations", "Washington Memorials", "Coins of 
the Bible", "Life of Gyantwahia" (Cornplan- 
ter), and of innumerable pamphlets, etc., on 
his favorite subjects, coins and coinage and 
George Washington. He was colonel of a 
volunteer militia regiment of Pennsylvania 
troops, and in 1845 president of the State 
^lilitary Convention and wrote the memorial 
that brought about much needed reforms in 
the military establishment of the state. He 
received from Jefferson College the degree 
of Master of Arts and from Washington and 
Jefferson that of Doctor of Laws. He was an 
elder of the Presbyterian church belonging to 
the old Tabernacle Church of Philadelphia. 
He was a member of the State in Schuylkill ; 
the Masonic order ; was corresponding secre- 
tary of the Pennsylvania Historical Society ; 
member Numismatic Society, Philadelphia 
Academy of Natural Science, Presbyterian 
Historical Society, and others of professional 
and scientific nature. 

He married, September 13, 1848, Susan En- 
gle Patterson, born in Philadelphia, October 
19, 1823, died there February 11, 1897, daugh- 
ter of General Robert Patterson, of Philadel- 
phia, the hero of many battles of the war of 
1812, the war with Mexico and the civil war. 
General Patterson was born January 12, 1792, 
in county Tyrone, Ireland, died in Philadel- 
phia, August 8, 1881. He was the son of 
Francis Patterson, an Irish patriot who es- 
caped from Ireland to America, a price being 
offered for him "dead or alive" by the British 
government. He fled to America with his 
only son Robert (General) in 1798. He mar- 
ried Mary Graham. Both the Pattersons and 
Grahams trace their ancestry to the famous 
Scotch families bearing their names. Gen- 
eral Robert Patterson became an eminent busi- 
ness man of Philadelphia and from a youth 
was filled with patriotism and military en- 
thusiasm. He was captain and colonel of 
iniltia and served in the United States Reg- 
ular Army during three wars. He was com- 
missioned first lieutenant. Twenty-second 
Regiment Infantry, April 5, 1813: captain 
Thirty-second Regiment, June, 1813; serving 
at Lundv's Lane and in other battles of the 
war until 1814. He was commissioned Major 
General of Volunteers July 7, 1846. and was 
second in command during the Mexican war, 
gaining a high reputation as a military com- 
mander. At the outbreak of the civil war he 



again oft'ered his sword to his country and 
was assigned a command. At that early pe- 
riod, with all the commanders hampered and 
often harassed by the authorities at Wash- 
ington, few successes came to the Union army. 
He was in command of Union forces at the 
first battle of Bull Run, and although he 
fought that battle bravely and well, his orders 
were of such a nature that success was im- 
possible. Much has been written derogatory 
to the old hero's part in that battle, but he 
had the commendation of President Lincoln 
and the great generals of the war. He was a 
gallant, courtly gentleman, and at his mansion 
on Locust street, Philadelphia, (where now 
stands the Pennsylvania Historical Society 
Building) maintained a generous hospitality, 
celebrating every year the taking of the city 
of Mexico with his old companions-in-arms 
who gathered from all sections to join with 
him and live again that glorious day. Gen- 
eral Patterson married December 12, 1817, 
Sarah Ann .Engle, born in Philadelphia, .April 
2, 1792, died there in June, 1875, daughter of 
James Engle, a patriot of the revolution, who 
enlisted at the age of nineteen years ; was ser- 
geant, ensign and second lieutenant. Third 
Regiment Pennsylvania Line; in 1809 was 
speaker of the Pennsylvania house of assem- 
bly ; married Margaret .\dam. a descendant 
of the Grahams of Montrose, Scotland, and of 
the "Quaker Jones" family. James was a son 
of John and Ann (Witmer) Engle; John the 
son of Paul (2) and Willimker (Tyson) En- 
gle; Paul (2), son of Paul (i) Engle, was 
elected burgess of Germantown in 1703, but 
declined on account of Mennonite principles. 
Children of General Robert Patterson: 1. 
Mary Ann Engle, born 1818, died 1874: mar- 
ried General John Joseph Abercrombie. 2. 
James Engle, died young. 3. Francis Engle, 
born 1821, died 1861 ; a veteran of the Mexi- 
can war and brigadier-general in command of 
Pennsylvania troops during the civil war. His 
was the first command to follow the Sixth 
Massachusetts through Baltimore, going 
through unmolested. 4. Susan Engle, men- 
tioned above. 

Children of James Ross Snowden: i. Sa- 
rah Patterson, married John Stephenson 
Mitchell, a descendant of Governor Jennings, 
of New Jersey ; the Stephensons of New Jer- 
sev and the Kinzey and Mitchell families of 
Bi'tcks county, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Mitchell 
survives her' husband, a highly cultured, pa- 
triotic lady, residing in Philadelphia. She is 
historian of Pennsylvania Chapter. Daughter 
of Founders and Pa'triots of .America : member 
of Colonial Dames of .America; Philadelphia 
Chapter, Daughters of the Revolution; mem- 



172 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ber of the Pennsylvania State Society of 
Daughters of 1812; regent of General Robert 
Patterson Chapter, Daughters of 1812; mem- 
ber of the Guadaloupe Club (a society formed 
of descendants of the Mexican war) ; dame of 
the Alilitary Order of the Loyal Legion ; mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Society of New Eng- 
land Women; president of the Plastic Club 
(art) ; member of the board of managers of 
the Fellowship of Pennsylvania Academy of 
Fine Arts. 2. Robert Patterson, assistant en- 
gineer Camden & Amboy railroad ; married 
^Iary Dilbert. 3. James Ross, died young. 4. 
Frank Patterson, deceased. 5. Gertrude, died 
young. 6. Alary Thompson, married William 
Stansfield. 7. Llewellyn, twin of Alary Thomp- 
son, deceased. 8. Charles A., died in infancy. 
9. Louisa Hortense, graduate of Lhiiversity 
of Pennsylvania, Bachelor of Science, with 
post-graduate courses at the Sorbonne, 
Paris : Leipsic, Germany, and the L'niversity 
of Pennsylvania ; received the Woman's Table 
at Naples, and is still pursuing courses of 
study both at home and abroad ; a resident of 
Philadelphia. 

(\T) Dr. Isaac Wayne Snowden, eldest son 
of Rev. Nathaniel R. Snowden, was born in 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, in 1794, died at 
Hogestown. Cumberland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1850. He was given a good educa- 
tion and chose the profession of medicine 
which he successfully practiced all his life in 
Cumberland county. He was the first of his 
brothers to adopt that profession, which was 
later followed by them all with the e.xception 
of James Ross Snowden. He was a Democrat 
in politics and a member of the Presbyterian 
church. He married Margery Bines Loudon, 
daughter of Archibald Loudon of Cumberland 
county. Children: i. Nathaniel Randolph, 
died unmarried. 2. Sarah Gustine, married 
Thomas Stewart : resides in Ohio. 3. Alaude, 
unmarried. 4. Archibald Loudon, of further 
mention. 

(VH) Archibald Loudon, son of Dr. Isaac 
Wayne Snowden, was born in Cumberland 
county, Pennsylvania, August 11, 1837. Fol- 
lowing a preliminary academic education he 
entered Jefferson, later known as Washington 
and Jefferson College, in western Pennsyl- 
vania, from whence he was graduated Bache- 
lor of .Arts, class of 1856. In 1880 his alma 
mater bestowed the honorary degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts and in 1902 Doctor of Laws. 
After completing his collegiate course he de- 
termined upon the profession of law and en- 
tered the L^niversity of Pennsylvania Law 
School, but was destined for a far different 
career. At the solicitation of his uncle, James 
Ross Snowden, then director of the United 



States mint at Philadelphia, he accepted the 
appointment of register of the mint. In 1866 
he was promoted chief coiner, a position he 
continuously iilled until 1877. In the latter 
year he received unsought the appointment of 
postmaster of Philadelphia, by President 
Grant, holding until 1879. His administration 
of the Philadelphia postoffice was strictly a 
business one and gave great satisfaction. He 
returned to the mint in 1879 as superintendent, 
receiving the appointment from President 
Hayes, who twice offered him the directorship 
of all United States mints and was twice re- 
fused. He was unanimously confirmed by 
the senate as superintendent of the Philadel- 
phia mint and entered upon his long career as 
chief of that institution, so noted a historic 
landmark of Philadelphia. As chief coiner 
and superintendent, his services covered a pe- 
riod of twenty-eight years. These we're years 
of great advancement for the mint. Colonel 
Snowden installed better machinery and ap- 
pliances for more rapid, accurate and artistic 
coinage, some of which he invented while 
others he suggested. He became a recognized 
authority on coinage and is the author of 
many published papers relating to these sub- 
jects. 

He continued superintendent of the mint 
until 1885, when President Cleveland ap- 
pointed a successor agreeing with himself in 
political faith. In 1889 Colonel Snowden was 
appointed by President Harrison, minister 
resident and consul general to Greece, Rou- 
mania and Servia. Shortly after his appoint- 
ment this mission was raised to that of envoy 
extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary. 
He served under this appointment 1889-1891, 
with headquarters at Athens, Greece. In the 
latter year he was appointed United States 
minister to Spain and spent the years 1891- 
1893 at the Spanish capital, Aladrid. Some 
grave diplomatic questions arose during his 
term of office, which with others of long 
standing he successfully settled. On his re- 
tirement from Madrid the Queen Regent in 
recognition of his valuable services to the two 
governments conferred upon him the Grand 
Cordon of Isabella the Catholic, one of the 
highest orders of Spain. Later, when a pri- 
vate citizen and free to accept honors without 
the consent of congress, he received from the 
King of Greece, the Grand Cordon of the Sa- 
viour, the highest order in Greece, as a mark 
of the personal friendship of King George. 
From the King of Roumania he received the 
Grand Cordon of the Crown of Roumania. On 
retiring from the diplomatic service Colonel 
Snowden returned to Philadelphia, which has 
ever since been his home. He has also ren- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



173 



dered his country military service. .'\t the out- 
break of the civil war he organized a regiment 
of volunteers and was commissioned lieuten- 
ant-colonel, and Pennsylvania's quota being 
full the regiment was assigned to service in 
regiments from other states. He was urged 
to return to the mint in Philadelphia, by die 
director, and did so, but subsequently partici- 
pated in the skirmishes preliminary to the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg, as a member of the First 
City Troop of Philadelphia, an organization 
with which he was connected actively for fif- 
teen years, passing through all subordinate 
ranks to that of colonel in command, com- 
missioned 1877. He is an orator and writer 
of national repute and as stated, is a recog- 
nized authority on matters relating to coins 
and coinage. His services to the city of Phil- 
adelphia have been varied and continuous. He 
has been president of theFairmount Park board 
of commissioners, and was in entire manage- 
ment of the great parade on December 16, 
1879, that welcomed General Grant on his re- 
turn from his trip around the world. For 
his efficient service in organizing that great 
parade and for the splendid work accomplished 
he received the cordial thanks of the city au- 
thorities. Another great public event with 
which Colonel Snowden was prominently con- 
nected was that to which he was appointed 
by the Constitutional Centennial Commission. 
He organized the industrial and civic depart- 
ments of the great processional celebration 
which took. place in Philadelphia. September 
15-17, 1887. Both these parades were unparal- 
leled successes and most creditable to Colonel 
Snowden and his city. He is a member of 
the American Philosophical Society and other 
organizations of a literary character. His 
clubs are the State in Schuylkill, St. Andrews, 
Philadelphia and the Union League. He is an 
e.x-president of the Fire Association of Phila- 
delphia and of the United Fire Underwriters 
of America. He is yet actively interested in 
business, occupying offices in the Land Title 
Building. His residence is 1812 Spruce street, 
Philadelphia. He is a Republican in politics. 
Colonel Snowden married, February 16, 
1864, Elizabeth Robinson, daughter of Isaac 
Robinson Smith, of Philadelphia. 

(Gustine and Allied Families). 

Sarah Gustine, wife of Rev. Nathaniel Ran- 
dolph Snowden, was a lineal descendant of 
Augustin Jean, born on the Isle of Jersey at 
the village of Saint Ouen, 1647, died 1720, at 
Falmouth- (Portland), Maine, son of Edward 
Jean, born in October, 1597, died November 
12, 1674. Edward Jean, married. April 25, 
1638, Esther Lerossignol, born at L'Etacq, 



Isle of Jersey, January 25, 1612. Children: 
Katherine, born October 2, 1640; Augustin, of 
further mention ; Marguerite, born November 
24, 1656; Edmund, April 16, . 

(II) .Augustin, son of Edward Jean, was 
born at Saint Ouen, on the Isle of Jersey, 
January 9, 1647. He came to the American 
colonies settling at W'atertown. Massachusetts. 
He anglicized his name to John .\ugustin, 
which through many changes finally became 
John Gustin or Gustine. He fought in King 
Philip's war in Captain Turner's company at 
Brookfield, and under Captain Beeres at .Marl- 
boro, ranking as sergeant or acting sergeant. 
He married, January 10, 1678, at \Vatertown, 
Massachusetts, Elizabeth Browne, born May 
26, 1657, at Cambridge, daughter of John 
Browne, "the Scotchman", born presumably in 
Scotland in 1631, died in W'atertown in 1697; 
married. .April 24, 1655, by Captain .\therton, 
Esther Alakepeace ; children of John Browne : 
John (2), born 1656, died young; Elizabeth, 
of previous mention; Sarah, July 18. 1661 ; 
^lary, December 19, 1662; John (3), Novem- 
ber 27, 1664 : Hester, 1667, died 1677 ; Thomas, 
1669; Daniel, 1671 ; Deborah. 1673; -Abigail, 
1675; Joseph, 1677. Esther Makepeace was 
a daughter of Thomas Makepeace, born in 
England, in 1592, died in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, 1667 ; his children were : Thomas ; Will- 
iam ; Hannah ; ^Mary ; Esther, married John 
Browne ; Wait-a-While, married Josiah Coop- 
er ; Opportunity. Children of John Gustine, 
born at Lynn, Massachusetts, and Falmouth, 
Maine: Samuel, of whom further: Sarah; 
John, born in 1691 ; Abigail, December, 1693, 
married Zachariah Brazier; Ebenezer, born 
1696; Thomas, March 5, 1699; David, Febru- 
ary 6, 1703. 

(III) Samuel, son of John Gustine, was 
born about 1680 at Falmouth (Portland), 
^Nlaine. He married at Stonington, Connecti- 
cut. June 12, 1712. .Abigail Shaw, born in 
1695. Children: Abigail, born 1713: Samuel 
(2), 1718: Stephen, 1720; Elizabeth, 1722; 
Lemuel, of whom further. 

(IV) Lemuel, son of Samuel Gustine, was 
born in Stonington, Connecticut, 1724. He 
served as land commissioner and in other pub- 
lic capacities. He married and had four chil- 
dren: I. Lemuel (2), of whom further. 2. 
Dr. Joel, served in the revolution and fought 
at Bunker Hill. 3. Hannah, married .Archi- 
bald Snowden, of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, (an- 
other Snowden branch.) 4. A daughter, mar- 
ried William Thompson. 

(V) Lemuel (2), son of Lemuel (i) Gus- 
tine. was born in Saybrook, Connecticut. 1749. 
died at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1807. He was 
a regular physician and a surgeon in the revo- 



174 



NEW ENGLAND. 



lutionary war. He later settled in the Wyo- 
ming valley of Pennsylvania with his wife, 
and daughter Sarah. He was aide to Colonel 
Zebulon Butler and under Colonel Nathan 
Denison. who commanded the left wing of the 
patriot forces at the battle and massacre of 
Wyoming, July 3, 1778. He signed the ar- 
ticles of capitulation as a witness and promised 
with all the surrendered troops not to again 
take up arms in the conflict between Great 
Britain and the colonies. He had mad6 some 
good friends among the Indians, probably 
through his healing art, who advised him to 
get awav quickly, warning him of what later 
followed. His wife had died a month previ- 
ous, leaving him with a three year old daugh- 
ter, Sarah, and an infant of one month. These 
he placed in a boat with him, escaping down 
the river to Harrisburg — the infant dying be- 
fore or just after reaching that city. Sarah 
lived to a good old age and was the last sur- 
vivor of the Wyoming massacre. Dr. Lemuel 
Gustine is incorrectly called Samuel in the 
records and on the Wyoming battle monu- 
ment. He spent his latter years in western 
Pennsylvania, near his only daughter, Sarah, 
wife of Rev. Nathaniel Snowden. Dr. Gus- 
tine married Susanna Smith, born at White 
Plains, New York, November 17, 1750, died at 
Forty Fort, Wyoming Valley. Pennsylvania, 
June 12, 1778, daughter of Dr. William 
Hooker Smith, a well known character in the 
Wyoming \'alley. Children : Sarah, married 
Rev. Nathaniel R. Snowden (see Snowden 
V), and Susan, the babe before mentioned. 

(The Smith Line). 

(I) William Smith was born in England; 
married, September 4, 1661, Elizabeth Hart- 
lev, of Newport Pegnel, Buckinghamshire, 
England, of a distinguished English family of 
lawyers. 

(H) Thomas, son of William Smith, was 
born at Newport Pegnel, Buckinghamshire, 
England, September 19, 1675, died at New 
York City, November 14, 1745. He came to 
New York in 171 5 and was the founder of 
the First Presbyterian Church in that city. 
By the advice of the trustees of Yale College, 
he secured the services of Jonathan Edwards, 
then a youth of nineteen years, who became 
the first pastor of the First Presbyterian 
Church of New York City, which proved to 
be the first steppingstone to his wonderful 
career as a minister. Thomas Smith married, 
May 13, 1696, in England, Susanna Odell, 
who died before her husband came to New 
York. 

Children: William,, born October 5. 
1697, father of William Smith, the historian of 



New York ; Thomas ; Rev. John, of whom 
further; Odell, died in infancy. 

(HI) Rev. John Smith, son of Thomas 
Smith, was born ]\Iay 5, 1702, at Newport 
Pegnel, Buckinghamshire, England, died at 
White Plains, New York, February 26, 1771. 
He was a graduate of Yale and a noted phy- 
sician and minister of the Gospel (see Dex- 
ter's "Yale Graduates"). He married, May 
6, 1724. Alehitable Hooker, born May i, 1704, 
at Guilford, Connecticut, died at White 
Plains, New York, September 15, 1775, 
daughter of Judge James Hooker (see 
Hooker). 

(IV) Dr. William Hooker Smith, son of 
Rev. John Smith, was born at Rye, New York, 
ilay 23, 1725, died July 17, 1815, in Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania. He was a surgeon and 
physician at Rye, and in 1772 transferred his 
business and practice to the Wyoming Valley 
of Pennsylvania. He was an ardent patriot 
and on May 15, 1775, enlisted in the Third 
Company, First Regiment Connecticut Troops. 
He served with his regiment in the Northern 
New York, Lake Champlain and Canadian 
expeditions: re-enlisted in December, 1775, 
in the Tenth Connecticut Regiment, Colonel 
Parsons, joined Washington at New York, 
fought at Long -Island, commissioned captain. 
Twenty-fourth Regiment Connecticut Line ; 
was commissioned surgeon May 27, 1778, and 
at the time of the Wyoming Massacre, in 
July, 1778. was away with the Wyoming Bat- 
talion. He marched with General Sullivan in 
1779 into the Indian country and by his cheer- 
fulness and example greatly encouraged the 
soldiers on that fatiguing and dangerous mis- 
sion. After the war he was chosen the first 
judge of the fifth district, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, court of common pleas, taking 
office May 11, 1787. He erected the first 
iron works on the Susquehanna, having un- 
bounded faith in the future development of 
the mineral wealth of Pennsylvania. After 
his death his heirs received from the govern- 
ment twenty-four hundred dollars in payment 
of his services as surgeon during the revolu- 
tion. 

He married, in 1743, at Rye. New York, 
Sarah Browne, born there ]\Iarch 13, 1725, 
died at Forty Fort. June 12, 1778. Children: 
Mary, unmarried: Sarah, born 1747, married, 
June 22, 1765, James Sutton ; Susanna, born 
1750, married Lemuel Gustine (see Gustine 
V); John, died young; Martha, born 1754; 
James, 1757: Elizabeth. 1759: Deborah, 1761 ; 
William, 1762: Jonathan, 1764; Doctor Smith 
had two other wives, but no more children.. 

(V) Susanna, daughter of Dr. William 
Hooker Smith, married Dr. Lemuel Gustine. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



V3 



{\'l) Sarah, daughter of Dr. Lemuel Gus- 
tiiie, married Rev. Nathaniel R. Snowderi (see 

Snowden \'). 

(The Hooker Line). 

Mehitable Hooker, mother of Dr. William 
Hooker Smith, was a descendant of Thomas 
Hooker, the Puritan minister and early set- 
tler of Hartford, Connecticut. He was born 
at Marfield, Leicestershire. England, July 7, 
1576, died July 7, 1647. He was a graduate 
of Cambridge University and became a min- 
ister of the Gospel. He came to America in 
the ship "Griffin", arriving at Boston, Septem- 
ber 4, 1633. He was chosen pastor of the 
church at Newtown (Cambridge) till June, 
1636, when he led a company through the 
forests settling on the banks of the Connecti- 
cut at Hartford, Connecticut. From that time 
until his death he was identified with all the 
important public affairs of the colony. He 
was one of the moderators of the first New 
England Synod, held in Cambridge, in the 
famous case of Ann Hutchinson. His wife's 
name was Susan , perhaps Pym, al- 
though there is no proof. Children: Rev. 
John, returned to England ; Joanna, married 
Rev. Thomas Shephard ; Mary, married Rev. 
Roger Newton, first pastor of Farmington, 
Connecticut ; Sarah, married Rev. John Wil- 
son, of ]\[edfield; a daughter, married: Rev. 
Samuel, of whom further. 

(H) Rev. Samuel Hooker, son of Rev. Tho- 
mas Hooker, was born in 1633, died at Farm- 
ington, Connecticut, November 6, 1697. He 
was a graduate of Harvard College, 1653, 
studied divinity and on account of his earnest- 
ness and piety was known as the "Fervent 
Hooker." He was the second minister of the 
Farmington Church and a powerful, effective 
preacher. He married, September 22, 1658, 
Mary, born at Plymouth, May 4, 1643. daugh- 
ter of Captain Thomas Willett, of Swansea 
(see Willett IV). She survived him and mar- 
ried (second) Rev. Thomas Buckingham, of 
Saybrook. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Hooker: 
Doctor Thomas, married Mrs. Mary (Smith) 
Lord ; Samuel, married Mehitable Hamlen : 
William, married Susanna, widow of John 
Blackleach : Judge James, of whom further : 
Roger, died unmarried ; Nathaniel : ^Nlary, 
married Rev. James Pierpont : Hezekiah, died 
young: Doctor Daniel, married Sarah Stand- 
ley: Sarah, married Rev. Stephen Bucking- 
ham. 

(HI) Judge James Hooker, son of Rev. 
Samuel Hooker, was born at Farmington, 
October 27. 1666, died at Guilford, Connecti- 
cut, March 12, 1743. He was first judge of 
the probate court at Guilford: representative 
1702-03-05-06-07-08-09-10-12-13-16-20; justice 



of New Haven courts 1712, and from 1714 to 
1720, and 1722; judge 1720-1725. He mar- 
ried, .\ugust 1,1691, at Guilford. Mary Leete, 
born January 11, 1672, died October '5, 1752I 
daughter of William Leete of Guilford ( see 
Leete HI). Children of Judge James Hooker: 
I. Mary, born November 5, 1693, married 
James Hart. 2. Ann, died unmarried. 3. 
Sarah, born February 26, 1696, died January 
26, 1760; married Bartlett. 4. Will- 



iam, born October 16, 1702. 



Mehitable, 



married Rev. John Smith (see Smith III). 

(I\') Mehitable, daughter of Judge James 
Hooker, married Rev. John Smith. 

(V) Dr. William Hooker, son of Rev. John 
Smith, married Sarah Browne. 

(VI) Susanna, daughter of Dr. William 
Hooker Smith, married Dr. Lemuel Gustine. 

(\TI) Sarah, daughter of Dr. Lemuel Gus- 
tine, married Rev. Nathaniel R. Snowden (see 
Snowden V). 

(The Willett Line). 

Mary Willett, wife of Rev. Samuel Hooker, 
was a descendant of a distinguished clerical 
family of Leicestershire, England. Rev. 
Thomas Willett was born in 15 10, died 1598. 
He was rector, vicar and canon of the estab- 
lished church at Barley, Leicestershire, Eng- 
land : sub-almoner to King Edward \T : de- 
prived of his ministerial dignities by Queen 
Alary and forced by his conscience to forsake 
church promotion ; was hidden in the house 
of a noble friend, who on the accession of 
Queen Elizabeth was appointed bishop of Ely, 
Thomas Willett being appointed prebend. He 
was a most scholarly divine, holding many 
degrees and positions of honor. 

(II) Rev. Andrew Willett, son of Rev. 
Thomas Willett, was born in 1562, at Ely, 
England, died at Hadsden, England, Septem- 
ber 4, 1621. He was a high dignitary of the 
church and died full of honors. He married, 
in 1589, Jacobeda Goad, baptized in 1592, died 
July II, 1632, daughter of Thomas Goad, Doc- 
tor of Divinitv and provost of Kings College. 

(III) Captain Thomas Willett, son of Rev. 
Andrew Willett, was born .August 29, 1605, at 
Barley, Leicestershire, England, died at Swan- 
sea, Massachusetts, August 3, 1674. He came 
to Plymouth at an early day and on March 7, 
1648, succeeded Miles Standish as captain of 
Plvmouth. In 1650 he was on the committee 
of arbitration to settle the boundary lines be- 
tween the Dutch and English : was assistant 
from Plvmouth 1651-16(54: member of council 
of war 1653: served on the expedition that 
captured New York from the Dutch, and on 
June 2, 1665, was appointed the first English 
Mavor of New York City; member ot the 
general council 1672. He married, July 6, 



176 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



1636, Mary Browne, born in England, died at 
Swansea, Massachusetts, January 8, 1669. 
Children : ^lary ; ^vlartha ; John ; Rebecca ; Es- 
ther; James; Hezekiah, first and second; Da- 
vid ; Andrew ; Samuel. 

(IV) Marv, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Willett, married Rev. Samuel Hooker (see 

Hooker H). 

(The Browne Line). 

Mary Browne descended from Sir Anthony 
Browne to whom Henry VIII. presented Bat- 
tle Abbey. 

(H) Thomas, son of Sir Anthony Browne. 

(HI) Thomas (2) was a son of Thomas (i) 
Browne, and brother of Peter Browne who 
came in the "^layflower". 

(IV) John, son of Thomas (2) Browne, 
was born in England in 1584. died at Swansea, 
JMassachusetts, April 10, 1662. He was one 
of the founders of Plymouth colony, coming 
in 1633 with wife Dorothy and three children. 
He was made freeman 1635, and in 1636 be- 
gan his eighteen years' service on the board 
of assistants. In 1637 he became one of the 
proprietors of Taunton. In 1643 was serving 
in the train band with his sons. John and 
James. In 1645 he moved to Rehoboth, set- 
tling at what is now Swansea on land scrupu- 
lously purchased from the Indian sachem 
Massasoit. For twelve years from 1645, and 
from the second year of its existence, he was 
a member of the board of colonial commis- 
sioners. 

(V) Alary, daughter of Captain Thomas 
Browne, married Captain Thomas Willett (see 
Willett III). 

(Another Browne Line"). 

Sarah Browne, wife of Dr. William Hooker 
Smith, descended from Sir Anthony Browne, 
through Peter Browne of Plymouth, who came 
to New England with the Pilgrims on the 
"Mayflower" in 1620 (see "Mayflower De- 
scendants"). The line of descent is through 
Hackaliah, son of Peter, who founded the 
branch known as the Brownes of Rye, New 
York. Peter (i), the Pilgrim, descended 
through a younger son of Sir Anthony 
Browne. 

(II) Hackaliah, son of Peter Browne, "the 
Pilgrim", was born in Plymouth, died 1720, 
at Rye, New York. He married Ruth Mead. 

(III) Deliverance, son of Hackaliah 
. Browne, was born at Rye, in 1672, died in 1727 

at White Plains, New York. He was a jus- 
tice from 1698 to 1716; commissioner of ar- 
bitration 1697; representative 1698; married 
and had issue. 

(IV^) Jonathan, son of Deliverance Browne, 
was born at Rye, New York, in 1706, died at 
Hartford, Connecticut, June 15, 1768. He 



was a justice in 1735 and prominent in ^^'est- 
chester county. New York; married Phoebe 
Knitfen. 

(\') Sarah, only child of Jonathan Browne, 
married Dr. William Hooker Smith (see Smith 
IV). 

(The Leete Line"). 

Mary Leete, wife of Judge James Hooker, 
was a descendant of Governor William Leete, 
born in Doddington, Huntingtonshire, Eng- 
land, in 1613, died April 16. 1683. at Hartford, 
Connecticut ; was "bred to the law", and served 
for a time in Bishops Court, Cambridge, where 
he, observing the oppression of the Puritans 
and their uncomplaining submission to perse- 
cution, became himself a Puritan and re- 
signed his office. He came to New Haven 
Colony in July, 1639, and became one of the 
most prominent figures in the colony. After 
holding many high offices, he was chosen gov- 
ernor in 1676, holding and wisely administer- 
ing that high office until his death in 1683. 
He had three wives, his children, however, be- 
ing all by his first wife, Anne, daughter of 
Rev. John Payne, whom he married in Eng- 
land. She died in Connecticut, September i, 
1668. Children: John, married Alary Chit- 
tenden; Andrew, born 1643; William, of 
whom further ; Abigail ; Caleb ; Peregrine ; 
Joshua ; Anna. 

(II) William (2), son of Governor Will- 
iam Leete, was born in 1645, '^'^'^ ^^ Guilford, 
Connecticut, June i, 1687. He was a member 
of the general court of Connecticut eight terms 
and a man of prominence. He married Mary 
Fenn, born in 1647 at Milford, died at Guil- 
ford, Connecticut, June 20, 1701. 

(III) Mary, only child of William Leete, 
married Judge James Hooker (see Hooker 
HI). 

From these intermarriages the Snowdens of 
Philadelphia trace a New England ancestry 
even to the "Alayflower" and can prove al- 
liance with the best blood of the colonies, and 
in their own paternal right are of the best 
blood of Pennsylvania. 



In the two contiguous par- 
APPLETON ishes of Great and Little 

Waldingfield (given in the 
local records as Waldingfield Alagna and 
Waldingfield Parva) in the county of Suf- 
folk, England, the family of Appleton can 
trace a clearly defined line back for five hun- 
dred years. Prior to that time many scat- 
tering notices of members of the family are 
to be found. In these there are various spell- 
ings of the name, the form Apulton being the 
one used in the genealogical tree from which 
the following account is taken. As a local 



NEW ENGLAND. 



^17 



appellation the name is fouml in old records 
prior to the Norman Conquest, the word be- 
ing of Saxon origin and meaning orchard, or 
apple enclosure. This etymology is borne out 
by the arms of the family which contain three 
apples. Since the names borne by the family 
are Norman, it is probable that the family 
was a Norman one to whicii had been granted 
a Saxon estate before surnames became pre- 
valent. The arms of the Suffolk Appletons 
are given as follows : Argent, a fesse sable, 
between three apples gules, stalked and leaved 
vert; Crest, an elephant's head couped sable 
ear"d or, in his mouth a snake vert, writhed 
about his trunk. 

(I) Jolm Appleton, or Apulton. was living 
in Great W'aldingfield in 1396 and died there 
in 1414. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Appleton, 
lived at Little Waldingfield. He confirmed 
lands to his son John, and Margaret, his son's 
wife, in 1459. 

(III) John (3), son of John (2) .-\ppleton, 
died in 1481 and was buried at Waldingfield. 
He married IVIargaret, daughter of Richard 
Wellinge and she died in 1468. 

(IV) John (4), son of John (3) Appleton, 
was of Great Waldingfield in 1483 ; married 
Alice, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Alal- 
chier and wife. Amy. Children : John, and 
two sons named Thomas, a custom not un- 
common. 

(V) Thomas, son of John (4) Appleton, 
was of Little Waldingfield, died in 1507; he 
married Margaret, daughter of Robert Crane 
of Little Stonham, and she died November 
4. 1504. Both are buried at Waldingfield. 
Children : Robert, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
rector of Lavenham : William and .\lice. 

(\T) Robert, son of Thomas Appleton, was 
of Little Waldingfield and died in 1526. He 
married Mary, second daughter of Thomas 

Ivlountney. She married (second) 

]Martyn ; her portrait in brass is in the Little 
Waldingfield church. Children : William, 
mentioned below ; and Edward, of Edward- 
stone. 

(VH) William, son of Robert Appleton, 
was of Little Waldingfield, and married Rose, 
daughter and heiress of Robert Sexton of 
Lavenham. Children: Thomas (2), men- 
tioned below ; and Frances. 

(\TII) Thomas (2), son of William Apple- 
ton, died in London in 1603 ; he married Mary, 
second daughter and co-heir of Edward 
Isaack, of Patricksbourne, county Kent. Chil- 
dren : Sir Isaac, died 1608: John, buried at 
Chilton; Thomas (3), of London; Samuel, 
mentioned below ; Mary, married Robert 
Ryece, Esq.; Judith, died 1587; Judith, mar- ' 



ried Dr. Lewis Cayley ; Sarah, married Ed- 
ward Bird of Walden ; and Henry Smythe. 

(IX) Samuel .Appleton, the immigrant an- 
cestor of the American line, was a son of 
Thomas (2) .Appleton, mentioned above. He 
was born at Little W'aldingfield, England, in 

ly 1586; married at Preston, England. January 

24, 1616, Judith Everard (some accounts give 
his wife's name as Mary). He came to Massa- 
chusetts and took the freeman's oath. May 

25, 1636, and as early as July, 1636. was a 
resident of Ipswich. In the same year Sarah 
Dillingham bequeathed to .Appleton and iiis 
wife, and committed the education of her 
child to Mr. Saltonstall and .Mr. .\ppleton. 
The title Mr. indicated social position above 
the ordinary, and but three others in Ipswich 
at that, time were given this prefix in the 
records. He was chosen deputy to the general 
court in Alay, 1637, and received several 
grants of land besides his great farm of four 
hundred and sixty acres ; the ancient grant is 
now entirely in the possession of direct de- 
scendants. He died at Rowley, Massachu- 
setts, in June, 1670. He married (first) Judith 

Everard; (second) Martha . Children 

of first wife : Mary, born at Little Walding- 
field, 1616; Judith (she and all but the two 
youngest were also born at Little Walding- 
field), 1618; Martha, 1620; John, 1622; Sam- 
uel (2), mentioned below; Sarah, born at 
Reydon, 1629. Child of second wife: Judith, 
born at Reydon, 1634, married Samuel Rog- 
ers of Ipswich. 

(X) Major Samuel (2) .Appleton. son of 
Samuel (i) Appleton, was born at Little 
Waldingfield, England, 1624, and came with 
his father to New England. He was lieuten- 
ant and deputy to the general court in 1668; 
and deputy with his brother John, in 1669-71, 
and again in 1673 and 1675. In King Philip's 
war he was commissioned captain, by order 
dated September 24, 1675, was sent to assist 
the Connecticut river towns, and when Major 
Pynchon resigned, Appleton succeeded to the 
command of the colonial forces in that section. 
He repulsed an attack on Hatfield by about 
eight hundred Indians. Much of his official 
correspondence in his own handwriting is to 
be found in the archives. In December, 1675, 
at Dedham he took command of six companies 
of foot and one of horse and joined General 
Winslow's forces for the attack on Narragan- 
sett. In October, 1676, he was appointed to 
command an expedition to Piscataqua, but de- 
clined it. In 1 68 1 he took his seat in the 
council as an assistant and continued until the 
evil days of Governor .Andros, when he was 
proscribed among those "persons factiously 
and seditiouslv inclined, and disaffected to his 



178 



NEW ENGLAND. 



majesty's government," and a warrant issued 
for his arrest. He escaped for a time by tak- 
ing refuge in the home of his son at Lynn, 
but in October, 1687, he was brought before 
the governor and council and ordered "to 
stand committed until he give bond in the 
sum of 1,000 pounds to appear at the next 
superior court at Salem to answer what shall 
be objected against, him, and in the meantime 
to be of good behavior". He refused to give 
the bond and was committed to the jail in 
Boston and kept a prisoner from November to 
March. He was never tried on the complaint 
and it is said that he had the satisfaction, after 
the fall of Andros, of handing the haughty 
governor into the boat which conveyed him 
to prison in the Castle. He died May 15, 
1696, and his gravestone is still preserved at 
Ipswich. 

He married (first) April 2, 165 1, Hannah, 
daughter of William Paine, of Ipswich. He 
married (second) December 8, 1656, Mary 
Oliver, who was then but sixteen years old, 
daughter of John Oliver of Newbury. She 
died February 15, 1698. Chiklren by first 
wife: Hannah, born January 9, 1652; Judith, 
August 19, 1653; Samuel, November 3, 1654. 
Children by second wife: John, born 1660; 
Isaac, mentioned below ; Joanna ; Joseph, June 
5, 1674; Oliver, June, 1676; Mary, June, 1676; 
Oliver, 1677; Mary, about October 20, 1679. 
The records also give another wife, Elizabeth, 
daughter of William and Mary (Lawrence) 
Whittingham. 

(XI) Major Isaac Appleton, son of ISIajor 
Samuel Appleton, was born at Ipswich, in 
1664, and died May 22, 1747. He made his 
home at Ipswich on the farm he inherited 
there. He married Priscilla, daughter of 
Thomas Baker, of Topsfield. She died May 
26, 1731. She was a granddaughter of Gov- 
ernor Symonds. The following account of the 
lineage of Priscilla Baker is taken from a book 
entitled, "The Ancestry of Priscilla Baker, 
who lived 1674-1731, and was the wife of 
Isaac Appleton of Ipswich, Massachusetts," by 
William Appleton, 1870. Condensed, the ac- 
count states that John Baker emigrated from 
Norwich, England, in 1637, and settled at 
Ipswich, Massachusetts, and his son, Thomas, 
married Priscilla. daughter of the Lieutenant- 
Governor Samuel Symonds, and their eldest 
child was Priscilla Baker, the wife of Isaac 
Appleton. Samuel Symonds was the son of 
Richard Symonds of Great Yeldham, county 
Essex, England, a gentleman of good family 
and position. He came to New England in 
1637 and held many important offices. His 
second wife was Martha Read, sister of the 
second wife of Governor John Winthrop, of 



Connecticut. One child of theirs was Pris- 
cilla, who married Thomas Baker. 

The children of Alajor Isaac and Priscilla 
(Baker) Appleton were: Priscilla, born 
March 16, 1697; Isaac, March 21, 1699; Mary, 
October i, 1701 ; Isaac (2), mentioned below; 
Rebecca, 1706; Elizabeth, 1706; Martha, born 
July 30, 1708 ; Joanna, baptized November 17, 
17 17. 

(XII) Isaac (2), son of Major Isaac (i) 
Appleton, was born at Ipswich, ^lay 30, 1704, 
and died December 18, 1794, at the age of 
ninety-one. He married (first) Elizabeth 
Sawyer (intention dated April 25, 1730), 
daughter of Francis Sawyer of Wells, Elaine. 
She was born in 1710, and died April 29, 
1785. He married (second) at the age of 
eighty-two, December 11, 1785, ;\Irs. Hepzi- 
bah Appleton. Children : Isaac, baptized May 
30, 1731 ; Francis, baptized JNIarch 25, 1733; 
Elizabeth, baptized October 24, 1736; Samuel, 
mentioned below ; Thomas, baptized October 
5, 1740; John, baptized December 26, 1742; 
Daniel, baptized April 7, 1745 ; William, bap- 
tized April 12, 1747; Alary, baptized July 2, 
1749; Joseph, baptized June 9, 1751. Jesse 
Appleton, a grandson of Isaac Appleton, was 
president of Bowdoin College. 

(XIII) Samuel (3), son of Isaac (2) Ap- 
pleton, was born in 1739. He inherited his 
father's farm at Ipswich, and in 1794 built 
on the site of an older one the house which 
is now the summer home of Mrs. D. F. Apple- 
ton. He married (intention dated November 
26, 1768) Mary, daughter of Rev. Timothy 
White, of Haverhill. He died May 15, 1819; 
she, November 10, 1834. Children, born at 
Ipswich: Elizabeth, December 6, 1769; Sam- 
pel Gilman, February 26, 1771 ; Alary, De- 
cember 3, 1772; Susanna, December 21, 1774; 
Isaac, December 15, 1776; Timothy, Novem- 
ber 13, 1778; John White, November 29, 1780; 
Rebecca, March 19, 1783; James, mentioned 
below; Gardiner, Alarch 2, 1787; Joanna, July 
19, 1789; Nathan Davis, May 20, 1794. 

(XIV) General James Appleton, son of 
Samuel (3) Appleton, was born at Ipswich, 
February 14, 1785. He was an active and 
conspicuous citizen. His military career be- 
gan during the war of 1812. He rose through 
all the grades and became brigadier-general 
of the -Massachusetts militia. He resided in 
Ipswich and Gloucester in early life and re- 
moved to Portland, Maine, where he became 
prominent in public life, an influential member 
of the legislature. Although Neal Dow is 
given credit for being father of the Alaine 
prohibitory law. General Appleton first intro- 
duced the measure in a report he made to the 
legislature in 1837, and was an earnest worker 




CTnancU .^anf/att •^/fhfffon, Jk. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



179 



in the temperance movement. After the death 
of Samuel Oilman Appleton, his brother, he 
inherited the homestead known as "Appleton 
farms" at Ipswich and afterwards made his 
home there. He retained his interest in poli- 
tics and made a memorable address to the 
Ipswich soldiers at the railroad station as they 
started for the front in the civil war. He died 
August 25, 1862. He married, November 15, 
1807, Sarah, daughter of Rev. Daniel Fuller, 
of Gloucester. She died January 7, 1872. 

Children: i. Samuel Gilman, born at 
Gloucester, November 5, 1808, died at Alorris- 
ania. New York, November 29, 1873; he mar- 
ried, September 30, 1839, Sarah, daughter of 
Rev. Sylvester Gardner of Alanlius, New 
York. 2. Sarah Fuller, born at Gloucester, 
January 20, 181 1 ; died June 7, 1884; married 
at Marblehead. May 6, 1833, Rev. Stephen C. 
Millett, of Beloit, Wisconsin. 3. James, born 
at Gloucester, Alarch 11, 1813; died March, 
1884; married, June 21, 1842, Sarah Bristol, 
daughter of Samuel L. Edwards, of Manlius, 
New York. 4. Alary White, born at Glouces- 
ter, November 15, 1815; died January 14, 
1905. 5. Elizabeth Putnam, born at Glouces- 
ter, December 3, 1818; died March 29, 1897, 
at Racine, Wisconsin ; married, September 2, 
1845, Shelton L. Hall, of Racine. 6. Joanna 
Dodge, born at Marblehead, February 23, 
1821 ; died at Racine, .April 25, 1870; married, 
November 9, 1843, Peyton R. Morgan. 7. 
Hannah Fuller, born at Marblehead, April 21, 
1823 ; died at Orange, New Jersey, November 
10, 1903 ; married, April 27, 1854, Robert H. 
Thayer. 8. Daniel Fuller, mentioned below. 
9. Harriette Hooper, born at JMarblehead, 
March 24, 1828; died August 26, 1905: mar- 
ried. December 9, 1849, Rev. John Cotton 
Smith, rector of St. John's Church, Portland, 
and later of the Church of the Ascension, New 
York City. 10. Anna Whittemore, born at 
Marblehead, January 31, 1831 : married, June 
21, 1852, Dr. Charles H. Osgood. 

(XV) Daniel Fuller, son of General James 
Appleton, was born at Marblehead, January 
31, 1826. He was educated in the public 
schools in Portland. In 1846 he came to New 
York City, and entered the employ of Royal 
Robbins, who afterward admitted him to part- 
nership under the firm name of Robbins & 
Appleton. In 1857 this firm became the own- 
ers of the new and small watch factory at 
Waltham. and this was the beginning of the 
American Waltham Watch Company. _ Mr. 
Appleton retained his interest in the business 
until his death, and his sons have succeeded 
him in the company. He was a delegate to 
the first national convention of the Republican 
party when General John C. Fremont was 



nominated for president, and he was one of 
those invited to sit on the platform at the con- 
vention when President- McKinley was nom- 
inated for the second time. While his busi- 
ness interests were in New York City, he 
spent his vacations in Ipswich at the' old 
homestead to the ownership of which he suc- 
ceeded after his father's death. He died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1904. 

He married (first) June 9, 1853. Julia, 
daughter of Nicholas P. Randall, of Manlius, 
New York. She died .August 20, 1886, aged 
si.xty years (see Randall V). He married 
(second) December 17, 1889, Susan Cowles, 
daughter of Professor John P. Cowles, of 
Ipswich. Children of first wife: i. Francis 
Randall, mentioned below. 2. Ruth, born May 
30, 1857; married, April 15, 1880, Charles 
Sanders Tuckerman, A.B., Harvard, 1874, 
who died August 27, 1904; children: Muriel, 
born in Brookline, March 6, 1881 ; John .Apple- 
ton, in Boston, November 26, 1884; Julia 
Appleton, in Ipswich, May 17, 1888; Leverett 
Saltonstall, in Salem, December 3, 1892. 3. 
Mary Eliza, born April 21, i860; married, 
November 22, 1881, Gerald Livingston Hoyt, 
of Staatsbu^rg, New York, A.B., Yale, 1872; 
children ; Julia Marion, born in New York, 
Alarch 3, 1883; Lydig, in New York, Decem- 
ber 21, 1883. 4. Randolph Morgan. January 

4, 1862, A.B., Harvard. 1884; married, June 
2, 1888, Helen Kortwright Mi.xter: children: 
Madeline, born in Ipswich, July 8, 1891 ; Julia, 
in Ipswich, June 5, 1894; Sybil, in Boston, 
December 28, 1899. 5. James Waldingfield, 
June 4, 1867, graduate of Harvard. 1888. 

(X\T) Francis Randall, son of Daniel Ful- 
ler Appleton, was born in New York, .August 

5, 1854. He attended private schools, and 
was fitted for college in Phillips .Academy, 
Andover, Massachusetts. He was graduated 
from Harvard College, in the class of 1875, 
and from the Columbia Law School, in 1877, 
and was admitted to the bar in New York 
in 1877. He practiced his profession in New 
York City for several years. From 18S4 to 
19 10, when he retired, he was a member of 
the firm of Robbins & Appleton, agents for 
the Waltham Watch Company. His winter 
home is in New York. His summer home is 
on the old homestead at Ipswich, of which he 
is the present owner. He is a member of the 
Society of Colonial Wars, and was an over- 
seer of Harvard College during 1903-1909. 
In politics he is a Republican : in religion, an 
Episcopalian. 

He married at Lenox, Massachusetts. Octo- 
ber 7, 1884, Fanny Lanier, born at Leno.x, 
August 17, 1864, daughter of Charles Lanier, 
of New York, and of his wife Sarah Egles- 



i8o 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ton, a great-granddaughter of ^lajor-General 
Paterson of General Washington's staff in the 
revolutionary war. Children : Francis Ran- 
dall Jr., born in Lenox, July 9, 1885, graduate 
of Harvard College in 1907 ; Charles Lanier, 
born in New York, September 25, 1886; grad- 
uate of Harvard College, 1908; Ruth, born in 
New York, January 10, 1891 ; Alice, born in 
New York, December 8, 1894 ; James, born in 
New York, March 6, 1899. 

(The Randall Line). 

(I) John Randall, the immigrant ancestor, 
settled at Westerly, Rhode Island, and died 

there 1684-85. He married Elizabeth . 

Children, born at Westerly : John, mentioned 
below ; Stephen, Matthew, and Peter. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Randall, 
was born in 1666 at Westerly, and died at 
Stonington, Connecticut. He married (first) 

at Stonington, in 1695, Abigail , who 

died at Stonington, in 1705. He married (sec- 
ond) at Stonington, November 25, 1706, 
Mary, daughter of John and Rebecca (Pal- 
mer) Baldwin. She was born February 24, 
1675. Children, born at Stonington : Eliza- 
beth, July 4, 1696; Jonathan. December 16, 
1698: Mary, 1700; John, December 2, 1701 ; 
Dorothy, December 7, 1703 ; Abigail, Decem- 
ber 4, 1705; Sarah, November 10, 1707; Na- 
than, mentioned below; Ichabod, October 21, 
171 1 ; Sarah, Alarch 12, 1714; Joseph, June 2, 
1715 ; Benjamin, twin of Joseph; Rebecca, 
July 31, 1717, Joseph, July 17, 1720. 

(HI) Nathan, son of John (2) Randall, was 
born at Westerly, July 7, 1709. and died at 
\'oluntown. Connecticut. He was admitted a 
freeman at Westerly, May 4, 1736. and was 
a farmer there until about 1750, when he set- 
tled at Voluntown, Connecticut, and bought 
lands of Amos Kinney and others. He mar- 
ried (first) December 16. 1730, Mary Cottrell, 
and (second) her sister, Eleanor Cottrell, July 
22, 1736. Children: Nathan, born September 
18, 1731 ; Joseph, September 8, 1733; Nathan, 
October 10, 1735; Reuben, April 24, 1737; 
Amos, October 11, 1739; Dorothy, June 5, 
1741 ; Eleanor, February 24, 1743; Amy, De- 
cember 26, 1745; Peleg, October 19, 1748; 
Lydia, June 3, 1751 ; Nicholas, mentioned be- 
low ; Jonas, September 8, 1756. 

(IV) Nicholas, son of Nathan Randall, was 
born May 21, 1753, at Voluntown, Connecti- 
cut, and died at Bridgewater, New York, Sep- 
tember 23, 1 8 14. He married at Voluntown. 
Content Phillips^ born at Voluntown, died at 
Bridgewater. January 14, 18 15. He was a 
farmer. He took the freeman's oath, Septem- 
ber 9, 1777; was selectman of \'oluntown, 
1795-97 and 1798-1804; member of the school 



committee, 1796-97 and 1801-02, and an asses- 
sor. He was appointed, in 1803, on a commit- 
tee to fix a place for holding the county and 
superior courts. In 1805 he removed to 
Bridgewater. Children : Nicholas Phillips, 
mentioned below ; Rebecca, November 2, 1780; 
Mary, June 17, 1782; Rodley, ^lay 24, 1783; 
Jenevereth, 1785; Jason, March 24, 1787; 
Jonathan. August 21. 1789; John, October 20, 
1792; Betsey, 1795; Charles, August 20, 1806. 

(V) Nicholas Phillips, son of Nicholas Ran- 
dall, was born in \'oluntown, July 25, 1779, 
and died in Manlius, New York. ^larch 7, 
1836. He prepared for college and graduated 
with honor at Yale College, in the class of 
1803. He then entered the law office of 
Hotchkiss & Simons, at Clinton, New York, 
and in due course was admitted to the bar. 
In 1807 he opened an office in New Hartford, 
New York, and in 18 11 removed to Manlius, 
New York, forming a partnership with James 
O. Wattles. He continued to practice law 
the rest of his life with marked ability and 
success. He was a member of the Baptist 
church in his younger days, but afterward be- 
came a communicant of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church and for a number of years was 
vestryman and warden of the church at ^lan- 
lius. 

He married (first) at Clinton, 1809. Sarah 
Bristol, born at Clinton, 1787, died there Feb- 
ruary, 1815; (second) at Sandy Hill, New 
York, 1813, Belvidera Hitchcock, born at 
Sandy Hill, 1789, died at Alanlius, November, 
1818; (third) at Caldwell, New York, 1819, 
Eliza Norman, born in England, 1791, died 
at Manlius. June, 1822; (fourth) at Manlius, 
1823, Sybil Dyer, born at Rutland, \'ermont, 
May 29, 1800. Children of first wife: Francis, 
born at New Hartford, New York, June 15, 
1810; Sarah Bristol, born at ]\Ianlius. Octo- 
ber I. 1812. Child of second w^ife: Belvidera 
Hitchcock. November 3, 1816. Child of third 
wife : Nicholas Norman, July 14. 1820. Chil- 
dren by his fourth wife: Eliza. November 16, 
1823; Julia, April 9, 1827, married at Manlius, 
June 9, 1853, Daniel Fuller Appleton (see 
Appleton XV) ; Charles, September 30, 1833 ; 
Nicholas Dyer, May 30, 1835. 



Jacob Dolson Cox, son of ?ylichael 
COX and Mary (Dolson) Cox, was born 

in Dutchess county. New York, June 
2, 1792. He became a carpenter and builder 
in New York City and was noted for his 
skill in building churches and warehouses and 
in roofing large areas w'ithout using internal 
columns of support. He was called to ]\Ion- 
treal. Canada, at the age of thirty-three to 
superintend the carpenter work on the great 



NEW ENGLAND. 



i8i 



church of Notre Dame and planned the re- 
markable concealed trusses which support both 
the roof and ceiling of that imposing building. 
He was engaged on this work four years, re- 
turned to New York City, carried on his 
business as architect and builder there for 
twenty years, then went to California with 
the "Argonauts" and died at Yuba, Novem- 
ber 5, 1852. He married Thedia Redelia Ken- 
yon, whose acquaintance he made at Albany, 
New York, a direct descendant of Elder Will- 
iam Brewster, of the "Mayflower" colony (see 
Brewster X). They had eleven children, four 
of whom died in infancy, and five of whom 
achieved distinction in business and in pub- 
lic life. 

(H) Alajor General and Governor Jacob 
Dolson (2) Cox, son of Jacob Dolson (i) 
Cox. was born in Montreal, October 27, 1828, 
died at Magnolia, Massachusetts, August 4, 
1900. When he was a year old the family 
returned to New York City and he received 
his early education there. He graduated from 
Oberlin College. Ohio, with the class of 185 1. 
In the fall of that year he was appointed su- 
perintendent of the public schools in Warren, 
Ohio. While superintendent he completed the 
study of law, which he had commenced before 
going to college, and was admitted to prac- 
tice in 1853. In 1859 he was elected to the 
Ohio state senate to represent the Trumbull- 
]\Iahoning district. He foresaw the coming 
civil war and prepared for it by extensive 
reading of military works. When Sumter 
was fired upon, Mr. Cox devoted his whole 
time to organizing and equipping the state 
militia. He was commissioned brigadier-gen- 
eral of Ohio State Volunteers, April 23, 1861, 
and brigadier-general of United States Vol- 
unteers, Alay 17, 1861. He remained at Camp 
Dennison, drilling and instructing volunteers, 
until July 6, 1861, wdien he was ordered to 
take command of an expedition up the Kana- 
wha \'alley. West Virginia. With three thou- 
sand men he encountered General Wise with 
four thousand men and drove him up the 
valley, capturing Gauley Bridge with one 
thousand five hundred stands of arms and 
quantities of ammunition. In August, 1862, 
he was ordered east with his Kanawha divi- 
sion and placed in charge of the Virginia de- 
fenses of Washington. After the defeat of 
General Pope and the resumption of command 
by General McClellan. the Kanawha division 
w'as attached to the Ninth Army Corps, to the 
command of wdiich he succeeded on the death 
of General Reno at South ^Mountain. He 
directed all its operations at the battle of An- 
tietam. and on October 6. 1862, was commis- 
sioned major-general "for gallant conduct at 



South Mountain and Antietam". At the same 
time he was sent back to West Virginia, which 
had been overrun l)y tiie Confederate forces 
during his absence, and after driving them out 
again he remained in ciiarge of the district 
until April, 1863, when he was placed in 
charge of the District of Ohio. During the 
summer of 1863 he defeated a plot for releas- 
ing the confederate prisoners on Johnson's Is- 
land, Sandusky Bay, and in the fall of 1863 
he directed the operations which resulted in 
the capture of General Morgan and his raid- 
ers. In December, 1863, he was sent to East 
Tennessee and commanded the field operations 
of the Twenty-third Army Corps during the 
ensuing winter and spring. In May, 1864, 
the Twenty-third Corps joined General Sher- 
man's army at Dallas and took a prominent 
part in the Atlanta campaign, being largely 
employed in turning operations on the enemy's 
flank and rear, which required a high degree 
of courage, discipline and military skill. After 
Sherman started on liis "March to the Sea", 
General Cox commanded the Twenty-third 
Army Corps and distinguished himself anew 
at the battles of Franklin and Nashville, in 
recognition of which he was again commis- 
sioned major-general, his first commission hav- 
ing expired for want of confirmation by the 
senate. His corps was then transferred to 
North Carolina and took a prominent part in 
the capture of Wilmington and w-on two bat- 
tles at Kinston. 

General Cox was nominated for governor 
of Ohio, while acting as district commander 
of North Carolina, and was elected by a hand- 
some majority in the fall of 1865. In March, 
i86g, he was appointed secretary of the in- 
terior by President Grant. He applied the 
rules of civil service reform to his department, 
and introduced various reforms in the Indian 
service. The patent laws of the United States 
were revised and amended during his term 
of office. He resigned and left the cabinet in 
October, 1870, owing to lack of support in en- 
forcing his civil service rules as against cam- 
paign committees and clerks who had ex- 
hausted their vacations and still desired to go 
home and participate in the political campaigns 
in their respective states. He resumed the 
practice of law in Cincinnati, but was called 
to the presidency of the Toledo & Wabash 
Railroad Company by the unanimous voice of 
two factions contending for its control, in Sep- 
tember. 1873, and decided that it was his duty 
to accept. He removed, with his family, to 
Toledo, and in 1876 was elected to congress 
from that district. Returning to Cincinnati 
at the close of his congressional term, he was 
appointed dean of the Cincinnati Law School, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



and in 1885 president of the University of 
Cincinnati. Both institutions prospered 
greatly under his management. 

General Cox was the author of two volumes 
in the Scribncr Campaign series: "Atlanta" 
and "March to the Sea; Franklin and Nash- 
ville", also of various articles in the Century 
publication : ''Battles and Leaders of the 
Civil War". He also wrote the last half of 
General Force's biography of General Sher- 
man ; the "Second Battle of Bull Run", in 
which he sustains the findings of the first 
court martial against General Fitz John Por- 
ter ; "The Battle of Franklin", a critical re- 
view of the entire campaign culminating in 
that bloody contest, and "Military Reminis- 
cences of the Civil War", a serious review of 
operations with which he was connected, well 
fortified by authorities. He wrote many his- 
torical and military reviews and biographical 
notices for The Nation, The Atlantic, The 
North American, and other magazines. 

His scholarship was profound, his fairness 
and ability as a military critic unquestioned, 
and his whole influence on public affairs salu- 
tary, though after 1878 he persistently refused 
to accept any political office. He helped 
organize the Republican party in Ohio and 
maintained his party relations to the end, 
though he differed with the majority as to the 
reconstruction measures, especially the policy 
of committing the welfare of the Southern 
States to the ignorant and incapable blacks just 
released from slavery. In August, 1865, he 
predicted, in his so-called "Oberlin Letter", 
extensively published, all the evil consequences 
which actually ensued from enfranchising the 
blacks in the Southern States before they were 
fitted by education and training for the re- 
sponsibilities of civil government. He was 
also opposed to a high protective tariff; be- 
lieving that a moderate tarifif, designed chiefly 
to produce revenue, would furnish all the pro- 
tection American manufacturers really needed. 
General Cox had deep religious feeling and 
faith in an all-wise overruling Providence. In 
later life he was a constant attendant of the 
Episcopal church, finding in its liturgy the 
best expression of his spiritual needs and as- 
pirations. 

General Cox married Helen Finney Coch- 
ran, the widowed daughter of Rev. Charles 
G. Finney, the distinguished revivalist, after- 
wards president of Oberlin College. They 
had seven children, two of whom died in in- 
fancy. Four still survive : Helen Finney, 
wife of Professor John G. Black, of \\'ooster 
University: Jacob Dolson (3), a prominent 
manufacturer of Cleveland, Ohio : Kenyon, 
the distinguished artist; and Charlotte Hope, 



who married John H. Pope, son of ]\Iajor 
General John Pope, United States army. 

(The Brewster Line). 

(I) \\'illiam Brewster Sr. lived in Scrooby, 
Nottinghamshire, England, as early as 1570- 
71, in which year he was assessed in that town 
on goods valued at three pounds. In 1575-76 
he was appointed by Archbishop Sandys re- 
ceiver of Scrooby and bailiff of the manor 
house in that place belonging to the bishop, to 
have life tenure of both offices. Some time in 
the year 1588, or possibly before, he was ap- 
pointed to the additional ofiice of postmaster 
under the Crown. He was known as the 
"Post" of Scrooby, and was master of the 
court mails, which were accessible only to 
those connected with the court. He died in 
the summer of 1590. His wife was Prudence 
. Child, William, mentioned below. 

(II) Elder William (2) Brewster, immi- 
grant ancestor, who came in the "Mayflower", 
was born during the last half of the year 1566 
or the first half of 1567, the date being fixed 
by the affidavit made by him at Leyden, June 
25, 1609, when he declared his age to be forty- 
two years. The place of his birth is not 
known, but is supposed to have been Scrooby. 
The parish registers of Scrooby do not begin 
until 1695, and no record of his birth, baptism 
or marriage has ever been discovered. He 
matriculated at Peterhouse, which was then 
the "oldest of the fourteen colleges grouped 
into the University of Cambridge," December 
3, 1580, but does not appear to have stayed 
long enough to take his degree. He is next 
found as a "discreete and faithfull" assistant 
of William Davison, secretary of state to 
Queen Elizabeth, and accompanied that gentle- 
man on his embassy to the Netherlands in 
August, 1585, and served him at court after 
his return until his downfall in 1587. He then 
returned to Scrooby, where he was held in 
high esteem by the people, and did much 
good "in Promoting and furthering religion," 
In 1590 he was appointed administrator of 
the estate of his father, who died in the sum- 
mer of that year, and succeeded him as post- 
master, which position he held until Septem- 
ber 30, 1607. While in Scrooby he lived in 
the old manor-house where the members' of 
the Pilgrim Church were accustomed to meet 
on Sunday. When the Pilgrims attempted to 
move to Holland in the latter part of 1607, 
they were imprisoned at Boston. Brewster 
was among those imprisoned and suffered the 
greatest loss. After he reached Holland he 
endured many unaccustomed hardships, not 
being as well fitted as the other Pilgrims for 
the hard labor which was their common lot, and 



NEW ENGLAND. 



183 



he spent most of his means in providing for 
his children. During- the latter part of the 
twelve years spent in Holland, he increased 
his income by teachin^^ and by the profits from 
a printing press which he set up in Leyden. 
When after twelve years it was decided that 
the church at Leyden should emigrate to Vir- 
ginia, Brewster, who had already been chosen 
elder, was desired to go with the first com- 
pany. He was, therefore, with his wife Mary, 
and two young sons, among the passengers of 
the "Mayflower" which landed at Plymouth 
harbor, December 16, 1620. Here he bore an 
important part in establishing the Pilgrim re- 
public, was one of the signers of the famous 
compact, and is believed to have drafted the 
same. He was the moral, religious and spirit- 
ual leader of the colony during its first years, 
and its chief civil adviser and trusted guide 
until his death. His wife was :\Iary^ilsSja4sl>» 
She died April 17, 1627, somewhat less than 
sixty years old. Elder Brewster died April 
10, 1644, in Plymouth, and a final division of 
his estate was made by Bradford, Winslow, 
Prence and Standish, between Jonathan and 
Love, his only remaining children. Children : 
Jonathan, mentioned below ; Patience ; Fear ; 
Child, died at Leyden, buried June 20, 1609; 
Love; Wrestling, came in "Mayflower" with 
his parents, and brother Love, was living at 
time of division of cattle, May 22, 1627. 

(HI) Jonathan, son of Elder William (2) 
Brewster, was born August 12, 1593, in Scroo-. 
by, Nottinghamshire, England, and came over 
in the ship "Fortune" in 1621. He moved 
from Plymouth to Duxbury about 1630, and 
was deputy from there to the general court, 
Plymouth colony, in 1639-41-43-44. From 
there he moved to New London, about 1649, 
and settled in that part later established as 
Norwich, the farm lying in both towns. He 
was admitted an inhabitant there, February 
25, 1649-50, and was deputy to the general 
court in 1650-55-56-57-58. He engaged in 
the coasting trade, and was master of a small 
vessel plying from Plymouth along the coast 
of Virginia. In this way he became acquainted 
with Pequot harbor, and entered the river to 
trade with the Indians. He was clerk of the 
town of Pequot, September. 1649, and re- 
ceived his first grant of land in that town in 
the same month from L^ncas, Sachem of the 
^lohegans, with whom he had established a 
trading house. At this latter place, which is 
still called by his name, Brew'ster's Neck, he 
laid out for himself a large farm. The deed 
for this land was confirmed by the town, No- 
vember 30, 1652, and its bounds determined. 
In 1637 he was a military commissioner in the 
Pequot war, in 1642 a member of the Duxbury 



committee to raise forces in the Xarragansett 
alarm of that year, and a member of Captain 
Myles Standish's Duxbury company in the 
military enrollment of 1643. He was prom- 
inent in the formation of the settlement of 
Duxbury and in the establishment of its 
church. He sometimes practiced as an at- 
torney and was also styled gentleman. He 
died August 7, 1659, and was buried in the 
Brewster cemetery at Brewster's Neck, Pres- 
ton. A plain granite shaft, about eight feet 
high, was erected to his memory and that of 
his wife. The original footstone is still in 
existence and leans against the modern monu- 
ment. 

No probate papers relating to his estate 
have been found, but bills of sale are re- 
corded, dated in 1658, which conveyed all 
his property in the town plot and his house and 
land at Poquetannuck with his movable prop- 
erty to his son Benjamin, and son-in-law, John 
Picket. His widow was evidently a woman of 
note and respectability in the community. She 
had always the prefix of Mrs. or Mistress, and 
was usually recorded in some useful capacity 
as nurse or doctor, as a witness to wills, etc. 

He married, April 10, 1624, Lucretia Old- 
ham, of Darby, doubtless a sister of John Old- 
ham, who came to Plymouth about 1623. She 
died Alarch 4, 1678-79. There is some reason 
to believe that he had married before at an 
early age, and buried his wife and child by 
this marriage in Leyden. Children, the first 
three born in Plymouth, the fourth in Jones 
River, the others in Duxbury: William, born 
March 9, 1625 ; Mary, mentioned below ; Jona- 
than, July 17, 1629; Ruth, October 3, 163 1 ; 
Benjamin, November 17, 1633; Elizabeth, May 
I, 1637; Grace, November i, 1639; Hannah, 
November 3, 1641. 

(IV) Mary, daughter of Jonathan Brew- 
ster, was born April 16, 1627. She married, 
November 10, 1645, (November 12 by Ply- 
mouth Colony record) John Turner, of Scitu- 
ate, son of Humphrey and Lydia (Gamer) 
Turner. Children : Jonathan, born Septem- 
ber 20, 1646; Joseph, probably died in infancy; 
Joseph, January 12, 1648-49; Ezekiel, men- 
tioned below; Lydia, January 24, 1652; John, 
1654; Elisha, 1656-57; Mary, died at Hull, 
Massachusetts, December 10, 1738. aged eigh- 
ty ; Benjamin. March 5, 1660; Ruth, 1663; 
Isaac, not mentioned in father's will; Grace, 
1667; Amos, 1671. 

(V) Ezekiel, son of John and Mary (Brew- 
ster) Turner, was born January 7, 1650-51. 
He married Susanna Keeny and among their 
children was Abigail, mentioned below. 

(VI) .\bigail, daughter of Ezekiel and Su- 
sanna (Keeny) Turner, married Clement Mi- 



1 84 



NEW ENGLAND. 



nor and among their children was Lucy, men- 
tioned below. 

(\"II) Lucy, daughter of Clement and Abi- 
gail (Turner) Minor, married Rev. Nathan 
Howard and among their children was TheJia, 
mentioned below. 

(Mil) Thedia. daughter of Rev. Nathan 
and Lucy (Minor) Howard, married Payne 
Kenvon and among their children was Joseph, 
mentioned below. 

(IX) Joseph, son of Payne and Thedia 
(Howard) Kenyon, married Sarah Allyn and 
among their children was Thedia ReJelia, 
mentioned below. 

(X) Thedia Redelia, daughter of Joseph 
and Sarah (x\llyn) Kenyon, married Jacob 
Dolscn Cox (see Cox I). 



The original Howlands in 
HOWLAND America were Arthur, Hen- 
ry, and John. The last 
named was one of the "Mayflower" number, 
and the others appeared in the early days of 
the settlement of Plymouth, but liow and from 
what place in England they came has never 
been definitely ascertained. 

(I) Henry Howland, youngest of the three 
brothers mentioned above, is first heard of 
in Plymouth, in 1624, when his name appears 
in the allotment of cattle to the different fam- 
ilies. In the court records of Plymouth the 
name of Henry Howland is found in a list 
of freemen under date of 1633. He appears 
in Duxbury among its earliest settlers, where 
he is referred to as "living by the bay side, 
near Love Brewster's", and the records say 
he was "one of the substantial landholders and 
freemen". He was chosen constable for Dux- 
bury in 1635, and was for several years sur- 
veyor of highway's in the town. In 1643 he 
was on a list of freemen and of men able to 
bear arms. He served on the grand jury nine 
years between 1636 and 1656. In 1657 he 
apparently joined the Friends, which was just 
beginning to spread in America, and as a re- 
sult endured for the rest of his life the vari- 
ous persecutions to which this sect was sub- 
jected by the civil authorities. Towards the 
end of I'.is life he became a large possessor of 
real estate. In 1652 he was associated with 
others in the ownership of a large tract of 
land in Dartmouth, and in 1659 he bought 
with twenty-six others what was then called 
.Assonet, now Freetown. It appears by his 
will that he owned a house in Duxbury where 
he doubtless died. He married ;\Iary New- 
land, who died June 6, 1674. He died Janu- 
ary 17, 1671. Children: Joseph; Zoeth, men- 
tioned below ; John : Samuel ; Sarah ; Eliza- 
beth ; Mary ; Abigail. 



(II) Zoeth, son of Henry Howland, was 

born in Duxbury, and married Abigail , 

October, 1656. He was killed by Indians, 
January 21, 1676, at Pocaset. Abigail mar- 
ried (second), February 12. 1678. John Kirby 
Jr. He took the oath of "fidelitie" "at Duxbury 
m 1657, and became a convert to the Friends' 
sect about the same time, and meetings were 
held at his house, for which he was fined in 
December, 1657. In March, 1657-58, he was 
sentenced to "sitt in the stockes for the space 
of an hour" for "speaking opprobiously of the 
minnesters of Gods Word." In March. 1659, 
his wife was fined ten shillings for not at- 
tending the meetings of the Puritans. He 
moved to Dartmouth, probably as early as 
1662, for more congenial society. The New- 
port Friends' records and the inventory of 
Iiis estate, dated June, 1677, refer to him as 
Zoeth of Dartmouth, and his mother owned 
a house there. Just where he was killed and 
hew he came to be there is unknown. His 
sons, with the exception of Samuel, were ac- 
tive memjjers of the old Apponegansett meet- 
ing. The first eight children are recorded in 
tb.e Newport Friends' records. Children: 
Nathaniel, born October 5, 1657: Benjamin, 
Alay 8. 1659: Daniel, July. 1661 ; Lydia. No- 
vember 23, 1663: Mary. February 23, 1665- 
66; Sarah, April, 1668; Henry, August 30, 
1672; Abigail, August 30, 1672; Nicholas, 
mentioned below. 

(III) Nicholas, son of Zoeth Howland, mar- 
ried, December 26, 1697, Hannah, daughter 
of Lieutenant John Woodman, of Little 
Crompton, Rhode Island. He died before 
July 7, 1722, at which date his will was ad- 
mitted to probate in the Bristol county office. 
He was a large real estate owner and seems 
to have carried on a tannery as well as farm- 
ing. His homestead was situated west of 
Apponegansett meeting house, on the opposite 
side of the road, and his real estate there 
seems to have extended from that of his 
brother Henry westward to what is now called 
the Chase road. This neighborhood was 
called Pascamansett, from the river that flowed 
through it. He owned Gooseberry Neck, at 
the mouth of Buzzards Bay. He was a suc- 
cessful business man, highly respected and 
trusted by the community, and held a number 
of town offices from 1702 to 1712. Children: 
Abigail, born November 3, 169S; Mary, Sep- 
tember 21, 1700; Rebeckah, April 9, 1702; 
Samuel, mentioned below; Nicholas. July 13, 
1706; Hannah, September 10, 170S; Joseph, 
October 24. 1710; Daniel, September 28, 1712 ; 
Benjamin, November 30, 1716; Job, Septem- 
ber 26, 1719: Edith. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Nicholas and Hannah 



NEW ENGLAND. 



185 



(Woodman) Hovvland, was born in Dart- 
mouth, July 13, 1706. He married (first) 
January 9, 1723, Sarah, daughter of William 
Soule. of Dartmouth; (second) April 8, 1747, 
Ruth Davol, of Dartmouth, where he died. 
Children of first wife: Nicholas, mentioned 
below; Samuel, born May 12, 1727; Hannah, 
April 27, 1728; Sarah, October 31, 1731 ; 
Alice. February 6, 1733; Alary, February 14, 
1730: William, December 24, 1738; Elizabeth, 
June 2, 1741. Children by second wife: Silas, 
born October 8, 1749; Eunice, September 4, 
1751; Reuben, January 18, 1754; Daniel, 
Ap'ril 3, 1757; Weston, May 23, 1759. 

(\") Nicholas (2), eldest son of Samuel 
and Sarah (Soule) tlowland, was born March 
I, 1725, in Dartmouth, and married, Januarj' 
4, 1750, Mary, daughter of Jonathan and Mary 
Sisson, of Wesiport. They lived in Westport. 
where he owned a farm on the east side of 
\\'estport river, about two and one-half miles 
below Westport village. Children : Alary ; 
Alice : Anne ; Jonathan ; Joseph ; William, 
mentioned below; Reuben, January 11, 1774; 
Benjamin. 

(VI) William, third son of Nicholas (2) 
and Alary (Sisson) Howland, was born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1772, in Dartmouth, and married, 
June, 1795. Diana Smith, of that town. They 
moved to Saratoga, New York, where he was 
a hatter, living there until his death in 1832. 
He learned his trade in Westport, and carried 
on the business for a time at Smith Alills, 
Dartmouth. Children : Thomas, born Alarch 
20, 1797: Dorcas, June 28, iSoo; Benjamin, 
August 12, 1803: Jonathan, February 22, 
1806; William, mentioned below; Smith, Oc- 
tober 12, 1809: Almina, August 26, 1912; El- 
lenor A., Alarch 7. 1815; Reuben, Alarch 12, 
1818. 

(\'II) William (2), fourth son of William 
and Diana (Smith) Howland. was born Feb- 
ruary II, 1808, in Saratoga, New York. He 
married (first) Louisa Packard, born Septem- 
ber 28, 1817, died July 4. 1845. He married 
(second) November 2, 1852, Alary Ann Pot- 
ter, born August 18, 1815. died April 6, 1882. 
His early days were spent on his father's farm, 
and from twelve to eighteen years of age he 
attended the district schools, working in his 
father's hat factory winters. He attended an 
academy at White Creek, New York, and 
was for a time clerk for John Cummings. 
Afterwards he was in a store in South Dart- 
mouth. In 1836 he went on a voyage as super- 
cargo for I. H. Bartlett, of New Bedford, to 
the Kennebec river, Alaine, and afterwards 
commanded a coaster until he returned to Air. 
Cmnmings and went into business with him in 
i8-|2 in the general merchandise business. Air. 



Cummings also ran a saw-mill and grist-mill, 
and Air. Howland assumed a very large share 
of the care and oversight of the above. He 
remained there twenty-five years, and then 
moved to the William Potter homestead, the 
former home of his wife, a mile northwest of 
Smith Alills. He had one of the best farms 
in that locality, which greatly improved under 
his management, as he was a successful and 
progressive agriculturist. He was held in high 
esteem by the community. ChiUlrcn : Alaria 
Packard, born June 4, 1842; Thomas Smith, 
mentioned below. 

(Vni) Thomas Smith, only son of William 
(2) and Louisa (Packard) Howland, was 
born in Dartmouth, Alassachusetts, February 
13, 1844. He attended the public schools of 
his native town and various private schools 
in New Bedford, then entered the Alassachu- 
setts State Normal School at Bridgewater, 
from which he was graduated in 1862. He 
enlisted from New Bedford, Alassachusetts, in 
Company I, Thirty-third Regiment Alassachu- 
setts \'olunteer Infantry for three years, and 
took part in many of the important battles of 
the civil war, including Gettysburg and Chat- 
tanooga. He was in General Sherman's army 
in the famous Alarch to the Sea, and took part 
in the grand review at Washington at the close 
of the war. He entered the service as a pri- 
vate, and was promoted to the grade of cor- 
poral, then sergeant, and when mustered out 
held a commission as second lieutenant, signed 
by the famous war governor of Alassachusetts, 
John A. Andrew. He was mustered out of 
service June 11, 1865, and became a student 
in the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard 
L^niversity, from which he was graduated with 
the degree of civil engineer in 1868. He was 
employed in the engineering department of 
the Burlington & Alissouri River Railroad, 
with headquarters at Burlington. Iowa. In 

1884 he was elected secretary of the Burling- 
ton & Alissouri Railroad Company, and in 

1885 moved to Boston, where he made his 
headquarters until 1901. In that year he was 
elected vice-president and treasurer of^ the 
Chicago. Burlington & Quincy Railroad Com- 
pany, offices he has held to the present time, 
and' has made his home in Chicago. He is a 
member of the University Club of Chicago: 
the Union League Club ; the Exmoor Country 
Club; and the New England Society of Chi- 
cago. In politics he is a Republican, and in 
religion non-sectarian. 

He married. October 3, 1871, at Burlington, 
Iowa. Eliza Semple Harbach. born at Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsvlvania, December 7__. 1848. 
daughter of Abraham and Ball (Graham) 
Harbach. Children: i. Abram Harbach, bom 



1 86 



NEW ENGLAND. 



September 25, 1872 ; attended Hopkinson 
School in Boston, and entered Harvard Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated with 
the degree of bachelor of arts in 1896; mar- 
ried Angelica Bustamente, who is of Spanish 
ancestry, of the City of Mexico, where they 
are now living, and where he is engaged in 
business; children: Thomas Bustamente and 
Angelica. 2. Mary Potter, born at Burling- 
ton^Iowa, February 23, 1877 ; educated in pub- 
lic schools and at Miss Shaw's private school, 
Boston ; graduated from Radcliffe College, 
1898; married I. W. Linn, a nephew of Miss 
Tane Addams, of Hull House, Chicago ; he is 
a professor in Chicago University ; children : 
Jane Addams Linn and Elizabeth Howland 
Linn. 3. Elizabeth Harbach, born at Burling- 
ton, October 2, 1878; educated in private 
schools ; an art student, now living in Chicago. 
4. Ruth Almy, born at Burlington, October 16, 
1881 ; fitted for college in private schools, and 
graduated from Radcliffe, class of 1901 ; mar- 
ried John DeWitt, and resides in Keokuk, 
Iowa. 



William Lane, the immigrant an- 
LANE cestor, may have been related to 

Job, James and Edward Lane, who 
came from Yorkshire, England, and settled in 
Billerica, Maiden and Gloucester, Massachu- 
setts, and in Falmouth, now Portland, Maine. 
There was a tradition that William Lane, of 
Boston, and two brothers, cordwainers, came 
to Beverly or Gloucester, Massachusetts, and 
to Maine, and were nephews of William Lane, 
of Dorchester, who in 1635 came from county 
Norfolk, England. William Lane appears to 
have gone to Connecticut early, as a son Sam- 
uel was born at Hartford, August 8, 1648, 
but, if so, he returned. He was admitted a 
freeman in Massachusetts, May 6, 1657. He 
was a cordwainer by trade. His first wife, 
Aviary, was a member of the First Church of 
Boston, and died in Boston, May 22, 1656. 
He married (second) August 21, 1656, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Brewer. They were mar- 
ried bv Deputy-governor Bellingham. Her 
father lived in Ipswich in 1642, afterward in 
Roxbury, and died in Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire, March 3, 1689-90. Children : Samuel, 
born in Hartford, August 8, 1648, died young; 
Samuel, born in Boston, January 23, 1651-2; 
John, born in Boston February 5, 1653-4; 
"Mary, May 15, 1656; Sarah, June 15, 1657; 
William (2), of whom further; Elizabeth, 
February 3, 1661 ; Ebenezer, March 21, 
1666-7. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) Lane, 
was born in Boston, October i, 1659. He was 
a tailor by trade. He joined the North Church 



in Boston in 1681, and removed in 1686 to 
Hampton, New Hampshire, where he settled 
on a grant of ten acres of land. He built a 
one-story house near the meeting-house on the 
site afterward occupied by the academy. He 
is said to have been a devout and godly man," 
living a quiet and humble life, respected by 
all his neighbors. He married, June 21, 1680, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas Webster. She 
died January 6, 1745, aged eighty-five years. 
He died at the home of his son Joshua, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1749, aged eighty-five. Children, 
born in Boston: John, born in Boston, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1685 ; Sarah, November 6, 1688 ; 
Elizabeth, July 12, 169 1 ; Abigail, December 
9, 1693; Deacon Joshua, of whom further; 
Samuel, June 4, 1698; Thomas, June 8, 1701. 

(Ill) Deacon Joshua Lane, son of William 
(2) Lane, was born in Hampton, June 6, 
1696. He resided on a farm on the road to 
North Hampton, half a mile north of the pres- 
ent railroad station, and followed the trade 
of tanner and shoemaker. While standing on 
his doorstep after a thunder shower he was 
struck by lightning and killed, June 14, 1766. 
He had sixty grandchildren at the time of 
his death. He married, December 24, 1717, 
Bathsheba Robie, who was born August 2, 
1696, daughter of Samuel and Mary Robie. 
He and his wife joined the Hampton Church 
Alarch ID, 1718. 

Deacon E. J. Lane, of Dover, wrote of him : 
"Deacon Joshua Lane was a good man, gov- 
erned in all his conduct by the love and fear 
of God and good-will to men. He was just in 
his dealings, generous to the poor, kind and 
compassionate to the sick and the aftlicted, 
rejoicing with those who rejoiced and weeping 
with those who wept. So he gained the love 
and respect of all. He had clear views of the 
great plan of salvation, of the depravity of 
man, of his own unworthiness and of the 
need of being born again. He trusted in the 
Son Jesus Christ and the power of the Holy 
Spirit to renew and sanctify his soul. He was 
eminently devout, a man of prayer, not only 
in the social meetings, but in the family and 
in the closet. He was a constant attendant 
at public worship, and made diligent use of 
the means of grace, daily studying the Bible 
and meditating upon its instructions. As a 
father he was atTectionate, yet faithful, thus 
securing the love and the respect of his chil- 
dren, and a numerous posterity seemed to in- 
herit his faith and his piety, and rose up to 
call him blessed." Joshua Lane died at a 
time when there was no minister in the parish, 
and at his burial his son, Deacon Jeremiah 
Lane, wrote and read a funeral discourse 
called "A Afemorial and Tear of Lamenta- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



187 



tion." It was printed for the benefit of his 
descendants, eighty-two of whom were Hving 
at the date- of his death. This has been re- 
printed, and on August 15, 1889, a handsome 
granite monument was placed on his grave, 
and dedicated to the memory of the early gen- 
eration of the Lane family. 

Bathsheba (Robie), wife of Deacon Joshua 
Lane, was an active, intelligent, Christiaa wom- 
an, an excellent mother, efficiently aiding her 
husband in training their children to habits of 
industry, sobriety and morality. Her grand- 
- father, Samuel Robie, was born at Castle Dun- 
ington, the family seat in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, February 12, 1619, and came to America 
as early as 1639. At the ordination of Rev. 
James Miltimore in Stratham, in January, 
1786, the eight sons of Deacon Joshua Lane 
met at the house of their elder brother, Dea- 
con Samuel Lane, who was then sixty-eight 
years old, and Josiah, the youngest was forty- 
eight. Children, born at Hampton : Deacon 
Samuel, of whom further; Alary, February 7, 
1720: Joshua, Alarch 16, 1721 ; William, June 
II, 1723 : Joshua, July 8, 1724 ; Josiah, twin of 
Joshua; Major John, February 14, 1726; Sa- 
rah, December 3, 1727; Bathsheba, June 6, 
1729; Isaiah, December 21, 1730; Deacon 
Jeremiah, March 10, 1732; Ebenezer, Septem- 
ber 28, 1733; Abigail, November 13, 1734; 
Elizabeth, May 25, 1736; Josiah, May 19, 
1738; Anna, March 24, 1741. 

(IV) Deacon Samuel Lane, son of Deacon 
Joshua Lane, was born at Hampton, October 
6. 1718. He removed in June, 1741, from 
Hampton to Stratham, New Hampshire. 
Here he continued the business of tanner and 
shoemaker, and purchased first a piece of wet 
land on the east side of the stream, and then 
three acres of dry land on the opposite side, 
where he built his house. He afterward 
bought eighty acres, and followed farming as 
well as the trade of tanner. He was often 
called upon to survey land. He surveyed the 
township of Bow and several others. He was 
elected selectman in 175 1, and was justice of 
the peace for several years. He was a mem- 
ber of the provincial assembly in 1766, and 
from 1774 until he died was town clerk. When 
he was seventeen years old he joined the 
church and drew up certain articles to govern 
his conduct as a christian, and throughout his 
life followed those rules. He was elected dea- 
con of the Stratham Congregational Church, 
July 4, 1765, and held the office until May 28, 
1800, when he was chosen elder, an office he 
held the rest of his life, "displaying an ex- 
emplary christian character and enjoying that 
respect which his consistent life obtained from 
his fellow-citizens." He was deputy from 



Stratham to the Fourth Provincial Congress 
held at Exeter, New Hampshire, May 17, 
1775- * * * Deacon Lane was a great 
lover of good books and collected a large li- 
brary, which was especially rich in the depart- 
ment of theology. His systematic plan of de- 
voting two hours a day to study, enabled him 
to became familiar with the best writers of the 
age and qualified him to be useful in the af- 
fairs of the government and the church." 

He married (first) December 24, 1741, 
Mary James, of Hampton, born March 3, 
1722, died January 30, 1769, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Susanna James. He married (sec- 
ond) June 22, 1774, Mrs. Rachel (Parsons) 
Colcord, widow of Gideon Colcord, of New- 
market. She was born at Cape Ann, Massa- 
chusetts, June 29, 1726, died January 18, 1813, 
daughter of Josiah and Eunice ( Sargent) Par- 
sons, and granddaughter of John Parsons, 
whose father Jefifry Parsons was born in Exe- 
ter, England, in 163 1, died in Gloucester. Au- 
gust, 1689. His first wife, with whom he lived 
twenty-seven years, is described as a kind 
companion and good mother. His second wife 
"was an excellent Christian woman, and 
though she had the care of seven fatherless 
children by her first husband, she took a deep 
interest in training the children of her second 
husband, so that his children and grandchil- 
dren long cherished the memory of her dis- 
creet and faithful care of them and her affec- 
tionate interest in their welfare." Children 
by first wife: Mary, July 14, 1744; Samuel, 
May 8, 1746; Joshua, February 9, 1748; Su- 
sanna. July 24, 1750 ; Sarah, September 30, 
1752; Martha, February 22, 1755: Bathsheba, 
Alay 27, 1757; Jabez, of whom further. 

(V) Jabez, son of Deacon Samuel Lane, 
was born at Stratham. May 16, 1760, died 
April 3, 1810. He resided on the homestead 
and continued the tanning business of his 
father. He had planned to learn a profession 
and was fitting for college when the revolution 
broke out, and he gave up study to devote him- 
self to his father's trade. He joined the Con- 
gregational church in Stratham, and through- 
out his life was a devout and zealous christian. 
In an obituary notice written by Hon. Paine 
Wingate, his neighbor, his virtues as a man 
and christian were highly extolled. He said : 
"In his domestic relations he was an example 
worthy of our esteem and imitation. He ex- 
celled in filial piety, conjugal affection and 
parental care. His household was watched 
over, instructed and managed with unusual 
assiduity and regularity, even to the minutest 
concern's. As a neighbor he was ever ready 
to friendly offices, and when occasion required 
he shunned not to perform the most difficult 



1 88 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



part of the duty of a friend, a neighbor and 
a christian, to admonish, to counsel, and with 
meekness endeavor to reclaim those who were 
deviating from the path of rectitude. In his 
charities to the needy and distressed, except 
on public occasions, when he was suiificiently 
liberal, he studiously avoided ostentation, but 
they will be gratefully remembered by many 
who have experienced his seasonable and 
bountifulrelief. * * ''■' If we consider the 
character of the deceased in its various rela- 
tions from his youth to the grave, we shall 
seldom tind one in the private walks of life 
more deserving of our esteem and imitation." 

He married, October 2, 1783, his step-sister, 
Eunice Colcord, born March 25, 1763, died 
April 6, 1836, daughter of Gideon and Rachel 
(Parsons) Colcord. Children: Anna, born 
December 27, 1784: Martha, January 28, 
1787; Mary, April 10, 17S8; George, July 14, 
1791 ; Elizabeth, March 7, 1794; Charles, of 
whom further: Andrew Colcord. July i, 1799; 
Deacon Edmund, June 6, 1802; Lucv, Mav 12, 
1805. 

(\'I) Charles, son of Jabez Lane, was born 
November 27, 1796, at Stratham, died there 
October 27, 1884. He went to Newmarket 
(Xewfields) in 1817. and was one of the first 
class at the Methodist Seminary, afterward 
transferred to Wilbraham, Alassachusetts, and 
was the last survivor of his class. He began 
business in Newfields as a tanner, and from 
selling leather and shoes proceeded to deal 
in groceries and dry goods. He prospered and 
built houses to rent and sell and became one 
of the most substantial and wealthy citizens 
of the town. He held various offices of trust 
and honor. He was an earnest member of 
the Congregational church, and when his 
youngest son died just after finishing his 
course in the Andover Theological Seminary, 
i\Ir. Lane gave $500 to found a memorial 
scholarship there. He retired from business 
in November, 1867. 

He married (first) September 24, 1821, 
Hannah French, bom in Pittsfield, February 
5, 1802, died January 18. 1841, daughter of 
Abraham and Hannah (Lane) French. He 
married (second) October 9, 1842, Elizabeth 
Berry, of Greenland, born July 8, 1804, daugh- 
ter of Isaiah Berry. Children by first wife : 
Olivia Emeline, born November 14, 1825 : 
Rev. John William, of whom further: Mary 
Elizabeth. April 29, 1830, married Rev. Jacob 
Chapman: Annie Lucy. September i, 1834: 
Charles Edward, December 27, 1837. 

(VII) Rev. John William Lane, son of 
Charles Lane, was born at Newfields, New 
Hampshire, September 7, 1827. He was a stu- 
dent for a time in Princeton College, and 



afterward at Amherst, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts in 1856. He then entered Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1859. He won the prize for oratory 
in the speaking contest while at Amherst. 
He served on the Christian Commission work 
during the civil war. He was ordained pastor 
of thfe Congregational church at Whately, 
Massachusetts, October 17, i860, and contin- 
ued in that pastorate for a period of eighteen 
years. In Alay, 1878, he was installed pastor 
of the Second Congregational Church, at 
North Hadley, Massachusetts, where he con- 
tinued until 191 1. For some years he was 
connected with the Massachusetts State Agri- 
cultural College at Amherst, and the Spring- 
field Training School, Springfield, ]\Iassachu- 
setts, as one of the faculty. 

He married, August 26, 1868, Mary Haynes, 
born at Townsend, Massachusetts, July 11, 
1841, graduated at South Hadley, Massachu- 
setts, now IMount Holyoke College, in 1864, 
and was afterward a teacher in the seminary. 
She was a daughter of Samuel and Eliza 
(Spaulding) Haynes. Her brother John 
Haynes was in the service in the civil war, 
and' died at Port Hudson, Louisiana, during 
the service. Children: i. Charles William, 
born November 16, 1869, died October 21, 

1870. 2. Samuel, born and died March 6, 

1 87 1. 3. John Edward, born at Whateley, 
February 12, 1872 ; educated at Hopkins Acad- 
emy; graduated from Yale University with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1894. and 
blaster of Arts in 1895, and from Yale Medi- 
cal School with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 1902, now practicing at North Yakima, 
Washington; married Alice Treat Rogers, of 
Ansonia, Connecticut. 4. Aleck Forbes, born 
July 20, 1873, died March 18, 1875. 5. Amy 
Sanders, born at Whateley, October 31, 1874; 
educated in the public schools and at Hopkins 
.^cademy: graduated at Wellesley College in 
the class of 1896; received the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts from the University of Michigan; 
now a teacher in the high school at Saginaw, 
Michigan. 6. Wallace Rutherford, of whom 
further. 7. Wilfred Clary, of whom further. 
8. Susan Klein, born July 13, 1881, at North 
Hadley : graduate of Hopkins Academy in 
1899, and from the Northampton High School, 
Alassachusetts, in 1900; student at Wellesley 
College 1900-1901 : graduate of the Hilary 
Flitchcock }.Iemorial Hospital of Hanover, 
New Hampshire, as a trained nurse; since then 
engaged in settlement work in New York 
City. 

(VIII) Professor Wallace Rutherford 
Lane, son of Rev. John \\'illiam Lane, was 



NEW ENGLAND. 



189 



born at Whateley, Massachusetts, near North- 
ampton, August 12. 1876. He attended the 
public schools of Hadley, Massachusetts, and 
graduated from Hopkins Academy. He com- 
pleted his preparation for college at Willis- 
ton Seminary. Easthampton, Alassachusetts) 
and entered Brown University, Providence, 
Rhode Island. While in college he won the 
Carpenter prize in a speaking contest. He en- 
tered the Yale Law School, and was graduated 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws in igoo. 
He began to practice in Des Moines, Iowa, 
making something of a specialty of patent, 
manufacturing and corporation cases. For 
nearly ten years he was in partnership with 
Joseph R. Orwig. He came from Iowa to 
Chicago, January i, 19 10, and entered into 
partnership with Robert Parkinson in the prac- 
tice of law. The firm has made a specialty of 
corporation, patent, trade mark and unfair 
competition cases. The office of the firm is 
in the Marquette building. Air. Lane has been 
a contributor to the Vale Lain Journal, to 
Laze and Commerce and to the Illinois Lazi> 
Reviezc. Among the articles he has published 
in various journals may be mentioned : "The 
Development of Secondary Rights in Trade 
Mark Cases" {Yale Lan; Journal, ]i\nt, 1909), 
"Assignability of Trade ]\Iarks," "Legitimate 
Competition," "Dilatory Patent Proceedings" 
{The Green Bag). Mr. Lane was professor 
in the Highland Park College of Law from 
1900 to 1904. At present he is a lecturer at 
the law schools of the University of Nebraska, 
and of Drake University, at Des Moines. 

He is a member of the American Bar Asso- 
ciation, and in 1908 delivered an address be- 
fore that organization ; and also belongs to 
the Iowa State Bar Association. He has been 
admitted to practice at the bar of the supreme 
court of the United States, and of the States 
where he has engaged in practice. He is also 
a member of the Patent Law Association of 
Chicago, and the Washington Patent Bar As- 
sociation ; the Pi Beta Pi fraternity ; the Book 
and Gavel Society of the Yale Law School: 
the Union League and University Clubs, of 
Chicago; the University Club, of Evanston, 
Illinois; the Des Aloines and the Grant Club, 
of Des Moines, Iowa; and other clubs. In 
politics he is a Republican ; in religion, a Con- 
gregationalist. 

He married, July i. 190 1, Gertrude Gard- 
ner, born at New Bedford, [Massachusetts, De- 
cember 12, 1874, daughter of William F. and 
Esther :\Iarion (Cook) Gardner. Children, 
born at Des Moines, Iowa : i. Esther Haynes. 
May 27, 1902. 2. Josephine Gardner, April 
3, 1904. 3. John Wallace, October 9, 1908. 
(\'III) Wilfred Clary Lane, son ot Rev. 



John William Lane, was born at North Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, June 23, 1878. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native town, 
and was graduated from Hopkins Academy 
in 1896, subsequently taking courses prepara- 
tory for college at Phillips .Andover .\cademy 
and Williston Seminary. He entered Brown 
University, but was compelled to abandon his 
course there before its completion on account 
of ill health, and went south to seek a change 
of climate. While there he matriculated in 
the Mercer University Law School, at Macon, 
Georgia, and was graduated with honors, re- 
ceiving the degree of Bachelor of Laws with 
the class of 1900. He then entered Yale Law- 
School, receiving the degree of Baciielor of 
Laws from that institution in 190 1. He began 
the practice of law at Macon, Georgia, con- 
tinuing his residence there from 1901 to 1905, 
and in connection with his professional work 
in Macon lectured at the Mercer University 
Law School for four years. In January, 1905, 
he was appointed clerk of the United States 
circuit and district courts, and Uniterl States 
commissioner at .\ugusta, Georgia, which po- 
sition he held until March 30, 1907. His res- 
ignation was then tendered for the purpose of 
accepting a promotion to the office of referee 
in bankruptcy for the southern district of 
Georgia, with headquarters at Yaldosta. This 
station he continued successfully to fill, in ad- 
dition to engaging in general practice, and 
specializing in United States court practice 
and patent litigation, until June. 1912, when 
he resigned to engage in legal practice at 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

In politics he is a Republican, and was a 
delegate to the Republican National Conven- 
tion at Chicago in 1908, from the Eleventh 
Congressional District of Georgia. He is a 
member of the .American Bar Association ; the 
State Bar Associations of Georgia and Flor- 
ida; a member of the Bar of the Supreme 
Court of tlie United States, the supreme 
courts of Georgia, Florida, and Iowa, and 
various courts of the United States for the 
circuits where he has engaged in practice. 
He belongs to the Phi Delta Theta national 
college fraternity; the Capitol City Club, of 
.Atlanta; the Country Club, of -Augusta; the 
Alcyone-Suwannee Club, of Florida; and the 
Grant Club, of Des Moines. Iowa. In fra- 
ternal organizations he is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks ; 
a past chancellor and member of the Grand 
Lodge of Georgia. Knights of Pythias ; is a 
Thirty-second Degree Alason. and a Shriner. 
In religion he is a Congregationaiist. 

He married. October 2. ig^/. Lile Darling 
Woodburv, born in Burlington, \ ermont. 



190 



NEW ENGLAND. 



March 3, 1883, daughter of ex-Governor Ur- 
ban Woodbury, of Vermont. They have one 
child : John Woodbury, born at Valdosta, 
Georgia, ;\Iay 30, 1909. 



The name is a very ancient one 
FIELD and can be traced back to the con- 
quest of England by William the 
Norman. Probably not a dozen families can 
prove so great an antiquity. The name is one 
of those derived from locality. Burke states 
that this family was originally in Alsace (then 
part of French, now German territory), seated 
at the Chateau de la Feld, or "of the field", 
near Colmar, in German Kolmar, from the 
darkest of the middle ages. Sir Hubertus 
de la Feld was the first of the line that im- 
migrated to England, and in 1069 was en- 
rolled as owner of lands by gift of the con- 
queror, as compensation for military services, 
in the county of Lancashire. He was one of 
the Counts de la Feld, of Colmar. In the 
fourteenth century, because of wars with 
France, the French prefixes were dropped, and 
the name thereafter written Field. 

(I) Roger del Feld, born in Sowerby, Eng- 
land, about 1240, was a descendant of Sir 
Hubertus de la Feld. He was head of the 
family which settled in Lancashire and Kent 
counties. 

(II) Thomas, son of Roger del Feld, was 
born about 1278, in Sowerby. He was a 
jeweler there in 1307. 

(III) John Feld, son of Thomas del Feld, 
was born in 1300, in Sowerby, and had land 
in that place in 1336. 

(IV) Thomas, son of John Feld, was born 
in 1330, in Sowerby. He was constable there 
in 1365, and greave in 1370, and also filled 
other public offices. His wife's name was An- 
nabelle. 

(V) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) and 
Annabelle Feld, was born in 1360, and willed 
lands to his wife Isabelle, in the territory of 
Bradford. He died in 1429 at his residence 
in Bradford. 

(VI) William, son of Thomas (2) and Isa- 
bel Feld, was probably born in Bradford, died 
there .A.pril; 1480. His wife Katherine was 
administratrix of his estate. 

(VU) William (2), son of William (i) 
and Katherine Feld, was born in Bradford, 
and lived in East Ardsley. 

(VIII) Richard Felde, son of William (2) 
Feld, was born, probably, in East Ardsley, 
where he was a husbandman, and died De- 
cember, 1342. His wife Elizabeth was one 
of his executors. 

(IX) John Field, son of Richard and Eliza- 
beth Feide, was born about 1535, at East 



Ardsley. He married, in 1650, Jane, daughter 
of John Amyas. She died August 30, 1609, 
and he died May, 1587. He was an eminent 
astronomer, and introduced into England, in 
1557, the Copernican system, against the op- 
position of scientists of his day, and in recog- 
nition of this service to astronomy a sphere 
was later added to and surmounted the family 
coat-of-arms. 

(X) John, son of John and Jane (Amyas) 
Eield, was born about 1568 in Ardsley. He 
moved away before attaining his majoritv. 
Record of his death has not been found. 

(XI) Zachariah, grandson of John (i) 
Field, the astronomer, American ancestor of 
the Field family, was born in 1596, at East 
Ardsley, Yorkshire, England. The Field fam- 
ily has usually taken the liberal side of religi- 
ous and political questions. In 1629 Zachariah 
Field left England on account of the perse- 
cutions of dissenters, and landed in Boston, 
settling in Dorchester. In 1636 he was one 
of Rev. Thomas Hooker's congregation, 
which settled in Hartford, Connecticut. With 
the more liberal members of that church he 
removed to Northampton, Massachusetts, in 
1659. He was engaged in mercantile business 
and had a large trade with the Indians. He 
was one of the original twenty-five proprietors 
of Hatfield, same colony, and was a member 
of the committee which laid out the lands. 
He received a grant of land there in 1661, 
and resided there until his death. June 30, 
1666. He married about 1640. Their chil- 
dren were : Mary : Zachariah ; John ; Samuel, 
of whom further ; Joseph. 

(XII) Sergeant Samuel Field, son of Zach- 
ariah Field, was born about 165 1, at Hartford, 
Connecticut. He married, August 9, 1676, 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas and Catherine 
(Chapin) Gilbert, of Springfield. She mar- 
ried (second) October 17, 1702. Ebenezer 
Chapin, of Springfield. He came with his 
father to Northampton, [Massachusetts, in 
1663. He removed to Hatfield. Massachusetts, 
where he became a prominent and influential 
man, holding many town offices. He was 
sergeant in the Turner's Falls fight. May 19, 
1676. He was slain by Indians, while hoeing 
corn June 24, 1697. The settlement of his 
estate was dated September 20, 1701. Chil- 
dren: Samuel (2), of whom further: 
Thomas, June 30, 1680; Sarah, June 30, 1683: 
Zachariah, August 29, 1685 ; Ebenezer, March 
17, 1688; Mary, July 23, 1690; Josiah, No- 
vember 5, 1692 ; Joshua, April 9, 1695. 

(XIII) Deacon Samuel (2) Field, son of 
Sergeant Samuel ( i ) Field, was born Sep- 
tember 27, 1678, at Hatfield, Massachusetts. 
He married, January 10, 1706, Mrs. Hannah 



NEW ENGLAND. 



igi 



(Edwards) Hoyt, born September lo, 1675, 
died July 23, 1747. She was a daughter of 
Joseph Edwards, and her first husband, David 
Hoyt, was killed by the Indians in the ^Meadow 
Fight. Deacon F'ield died -August 25, 1762, 
at Deerfield, Alassachusetts. He was wounded 
in a tight with the Indians, August 25, 1725, 
near where the present depot of Greenfield 
now stands. He was a deacon and a very 
prominent man in the town. He was granted 
by the general court, in 1736, two hundred 
acres of land on the east side of Northfield, 
probably for military services. 

The following is a manuscript account of 
the fight with the Indians, by Reverend Ste- 
phen Williams, about 1730: "August 25, 1725, 
Deacon Samu Field, Deacon Samu Child, 
Sergt. Joseph Severance, John Wells, Joshua 
Wells and Thomas Bardwell, went over to 
Derfd river to the Green river farms, and 
they took a cow with them, designing to put 
her in the pasture, the Indians ambushed them, 
but Deacon Child, driving the cow, discovered 
them and cried out, 'Indians!' John Wells 
discharged his gun at an Indian, who fell upon 
his friend. Deacon Field, being at some dis- 
tance from the company, rode towards them, 
but the company being before separated one 
from the other, retreated toward the mill and 
at a considerable distance from the hill, they 
halted, jt John Wells might load his gun, and 
then the Indians hrd upon them, and wound 
Dea Samu Field, the ball passing through the 
right Hypocondria, cutting oflf three plails of 
the mysenteice ; a gut hung out of the wound 
in length almost two inches, which was cut 
ofif even with the body ; the bullet passing be- 
tween the lowest and the next rib, cutting at 
its going forth part of the lower rib. His hand 
being close to his body when ye ball came 
forth, it entered at the root of the heel of ye 
thumb, cutting the bone of the forefinger, 
resting between the fore and second finger; 
was cut out and all the wounds through the 
blessing of God upon men were healed in less 
than five weeks by Dr. Thomas Hastings," 
etc. 

Children, born at Hatfield and Deerfield: 
Elizabeth, April 16, 1707; Samuel, February 
20, 1709; David, of whom further; Eunice, 
May 29, 1714; Thankful, 1716; Ebenezer, Oc- 
tober 2, 1723. 

(XIV) Colonel David Field, son of Deacon 
Samuel (2) Field, was born at Hatfield, Jan- 
uary 4, 1712. He married, in 1740, Mrs. 
Thankful (Taylor) Doolittle, born July 18, 
1716, daughter of Thomas Taylor, and widow 
of Oliver Doolittle. She died March 26. 1803. 
He was a merchant in Deerfield and traded 
with the Indians on the :\Iohawk river. From 



his generosity and losses due to the revolution 
he failed, and his accounts receivable, amount- 
ing to 20,000 pounds, realized not si.\ per cent. 
He was a deputy to the provincial congress at 
Concord in 1774, and at Cambridge in 1775. 
He was member of the Massachusetts council 
of safety. He was commissary general under 
Stark at the battle of Bennington, .\ugust 16, 
1777. He was in the confidence of John Han- 
cock and other leaders. He was colonel of 
the Fifth Hampshire County Regiment, com- 
missioned February 8, 1776, and his regiment 
turned out at the battle of Ticonderoga as 
volunteers. His resignation on account of 
age was dated at Deerfield, February 4, 1778, 
and accepted by the general court, Fei^ruary 
20, 1778. He was active and intluential in 
the town and held many important offices. 
Children, born at Deerfield: Mary, October 
31, 1741 ; Samuel (3), of whom further; Ru- 
fus, July 20, 1745, died young; David, May 4, 
1747; Tirza, April 16, 1749; Oliver, Septem- 
ber 13, 1751 ; Elihu, October 16, 1753; Thank- 
ful, March 25, 1758; Filena, September 5, 
1761. 

(XV) Rev. Samuel (3) Field, son of Col- 
onel David Field, was born in Deerfield, Sep- 
tember 14, 1743. He married April 26, 17^, 
Sarah Childs, born 1742, died December 31, 
1831, daughter of Samuel Childs. He was 
graduated from Yale College in 1762, and 
studied divinity under Rev. Jonathan Ashley, 
but afterward read law in the office of Daniel 
Jones, at Hinsdale, New Hampshire, .-\fter 
being admitted to the bar he returned to Deer- 
field, where he was for a time a merchant. 
In 1 77 1 he opened a law office in Greenfield, 
where he also engaged in trade. In 1774 he 
removed to Conway and followed farming for 
two years, returning thence to Deerfield, where 
he resided until May, 1794, and then re- 
turned to Conway to practice his profession. 

"In his person, he exceeded the ordinary 
height of man, thickset, without inclining to 
corpulency. His face exhibited a relaxed ap- 
pearance and his natural countenance an un- 
usual gravity and sternness, but when en- 
livened by conversation a complacency and 
thorough good nature that was highly pleas- 
ing and could scarcely fail of persuading a 
stranger of the excellence of his heart. He 
was careless in pecuniary matters as well as in 
dress, but in domestic life was much beloved 
by all. * * * His naturally pacific dispo- 
sition led him to regret the late war with its 
multiplied evils resulting to all parts of the 
social and political society. He did not take 
an active part in the revolution. Xo man re- 
joiced more sincerely in the establishment of 
the independence of his country, nor had the 



192 



NEW ENGLAND. 



republican institutions which were the result 
of that glorious struggle any more heartfelt 
friends. * * * He represented the town 
of Deerfield in the general court for several 
years and was a member of the convention 
that adopted the Constitution of the United 
States, besides holding various other offices. 
In religious matters, he was a firm believer 
in the doctrines of Swedenborg and Sande- 
niann, and was known as a Sandemanian. upon 
which he lectured and wrote quite a treatise 
upon them. He was also quite a political, 
prose and poetical writer. Part of his works 
were collected and published. '''■ * * He 
possessed a mind always content with his pres- 
ent condition, and he could tread with equal 
tenor the adverse or prosperous path. He 
was ju^t and upright in all his dealings ; quiet 
and peaceful, full of compassion ; and ready 
to do good to all men according to his abilities 
and opportunities."' 

Children: Robert Rufus, of whom further; 
Samuel Edwards, October 2, 1773; Samuel 
Edwards, July 31, 1775 ; Sarah, April 11, 1777, 
died young; Sarah, June 12, 1779; George 
Plumb, July 22, 1781 ; Tirza, February 13, 
1784. 

(XVI) Robert Rufus, son of Rev. Samuel 
(3) Field, was born August 22, 1771, at Deer- 
field. He married, January 15, 1795, Patty 
Hoyt, born 1775, died July 23, 1859, daughter 
of Jonathan and Abigail (Nash) Hoyt. He 
removed to Conway, Massachusetts, in 1791, 
and in 1796 to Phelps. Ontario county, New 
York. In 1800 he went to Geneva, New York, 
and in 1808 returned to Deerfield, where he 
died. He was for many years toll-gatherer of 
the Deerfield river bridge at Cheapside, and 
during most of his life followed farming. 
Children : Richard Edward, of whom further ; 
Abigail Hoyt, September 19, 1799; Robert Ru- 
fus,"june 29, 1806; Tirza Ann, baptized April 
21, 1809. 

(XVII) Richard Edward, son of Robert 
Rufus Field, was born at Conway, Mass., Sep- 
tember 5, 1796. 

He married (first) June 21. 1820, 
Elizabeth Wait, born March 10, 1797, died 
April 4, 1864, daughter of William and 
Hepsibeth Wait. He married (second) ^Irs. 
Sarah T. (Snow) Thompson, daughter of 
David and Sarah R. (Wait) Snow, of Heath, 
and widow of John Thompson. Mr. Field 
lived most of his life in Greenfield, where he 
was a manufacturer of carriages and sleighs. 
He removed for about two years to Guilford, 
Vermont, where he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of woodenware. returning to Greenfield 
and his former business. He was a Whig in 
politics and held the office of justice of the 



peace for many years. For a time he ac- 
cepted an appointment in the customs service 
under President Fillmore. For upwards of 
forty years he was connected with St. James 
Episcopal Church, as vestryman, warden, su- 
perintendent of Sunday-school, and lay reader, 
his license for the latter dating about 1827. 
His private journal records many sermons 
and addresses delivered in churches at his 
home and neighboring towns. It also men- 
tioned that, in 183 1-2. as lay reader at Guil- 
ford, \'erniont, he walked every other Sunday 
to the West \'illage, a distance of four miles, 
for over a year, to hold service for which 
he "received one quarter of veal" as compen- 
sation. He was a frequent contributor to the 
press, writing under the nom de plume of 
"Saturday Night". Pie died November 14, 
1884. 

Children born at Deerfield : Richard, Oc- 
tober 5, 1821 : David Griswold, August 9, 
1823 ; James Edward, December 25, 1825 ; 
Charles Reed, of whom further; Martha Eliza- 
beth, March 23, 1836. 

(XVIII) Charles Reed, son of Richard Ed- 
ward Field, was born September 24, 1828, in 
that part of Deerfield that has since become a 
part of Greenfield. He attended the public 
schools and the then famous Fallenberg Acad- 
emy, at Greenfield. Engaging in the grocery 
and forwarding business, that took him to 
Boston frequently, he there saw some chil- 
dren's cabs made in England. Purchasing 
one as a pattern he brought it home to his 
father, who was then manufacturing carriages 
and sleighs. Several were made and sold 
so readily in Boston, that he, in copartner- 
ship with his father, as R. E. Field & Son, 
engaged in their manufacture, one of the first 
of their kind in this country. Later dispos- 
ing of all other business interests he founded 
the Charles R. Field ]\Ianufacturing Company, 
in which he remained as its head for the 
balance of his life. He was many times select- 
man of Greenfield, vestryman of St. James 
Church, e.xecutor of several estates, director 
of First National Bank, trustee of Franklin 
Savings Institution, and at one time candidate 
for auditor on the Democratic state ticket of 
]Massachusetts. 

He married, July 5. 1854, Martha Hinkley, 
daughter of Phineas Wait and Mary (Pierce) 
Barr. She was born June 7, 1835, at Peter- 
sham, Massachusetts. Her brother George 
served in the Fifty-second Massachusetts Reg- 
iment in the civil war. Children: i. Harry 
Ledyard, born at Greenfield, October 31, 1861, 
associated with his brother Charles E., in Chi- 
cago ; married Elizabeth Wait, of Greenfield. 
2. Frank Russell, residing in Denver, Colo- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



193 



rado ; married Jessie McElheney, of LaSalle, 
Illinois. 3. Charles E., of whom further. 

(XIX) Charles Edward, son of Charles 
Reed Field, was born at Greenfield, Massa- 
chusetts, June 3, 1857. He attended the public 
schools there. In 1870 he entered Norwich 
University, and was graduated in 1874 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Science. He was 
employed in the construction of the Hoosac 
Tunnel line of Fitchburg railroad, 1874-5. 
Then he became associated with his father in 
manufacturing children's carriages at Green- 
field until 1877, when he entered the employ 
of the D. B. Shipman White Lead Works, at 
Chicago, Illinois, was elected secretary and 
treasurer of the company. When this com- 
pany was merged with the National Lead 
Company he was made comptroller of its Chi- 
cago branch and later assistant manager. In 
November, 1910, he was elected manager and 
a director of the company. He is a member 
of the Protestant Episcopal church, was vice- 
president of the Chicago Church Club, a mem- 
ber of the board of missions, diocese of Chi- 
cago, and for many years a trustee of the 
Church Home for the Aged. He has held 
the office of president in the Massachusetts 
Society of Chicago, the National Paint, Oil 
& Varnish Association, and the Chicago 
Paint, Oil & Varnish Club. In addition to 
this he is a member of the New England So- 
ciety of Chicago, the Chicago Athletic Asso- 
ciation, and the Evanston Golf Club. 

He married, January 3, 1883, Helen Led- 
yard Powers, born at Coldwater, Michigan, 
May ir, 1858, daughter of David Cooper and 
Margaret (Ledyard) Powers. Children: i. 
Margaret Ledyard, born at Coldwater, Michi- 
gan, August 18, 1884. 2. Charles Barr, born 
at Chicago, February 4, 1888; married, April 
10, 19 12, Ann Lament, daughter of Reuben 
and Elizabeth (Wood) Dugan. 



Robert Keyes, the immigrant an- 
KEYES cestor, settled in Watertown, 

Massachusetts, before or in the 
year 1633. The records there say that he 
moved to Sudbury, Alassachusetts, June 16, 
1645, and died there in 1647, while another 
record gives his death as July 16, 1647. His 
death was recorded in Watertown, Newbury, 
Plymouth and Sudbury. He seems to have 
been in Watertown in 1633 or earlier, to have 
moved to Newbury between 1643 and 1645, 
and to Sudbury in 1645. His widow married, 
in 1658, John Gage (in November, 1664, ac- 
cording to Plymouth record.) Children, re- 
corded at Watertown, except Peter and the 
second Mary, born in Newbury: Sarah, born 
]\Iay 26, 1633; Peter, probably son of Robert; 



Rebecca. March 17, 1637; Phebe, June 17 
1639; Mary, 1641, died 1642; Elias, men- 
tioned below; Mary, June 16, 1645. 

(II) Elias, son of Robert Keyes, was born 
in Watertown, Massachusetts, May 20, 1643. 
He married, September 11, 16*55, Sarah, 
daughter of John Blanford, or Blanchard. 
Children, born in Sudbury : Elias, November 
15, 1666; John, probably, 1668, supposed son 
of Elias; James, mentioned below; Sarah, 
April 9, 1673; Thomas, February 8, 1674. 

(III) James, son of Elias Keyes, was born 
in Sudbury, Massachusetts, September 13, 
1670, and died in Bolton, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 25, 1746. He was one of the pro- 
prietors of the Indian Plantation in Marlboro 
in 1693. He was third in the list of twenty- 
two town clerks of Bolton. He married Han- 
nah , of Marlboro, and she died March 

19, 1742. Children, born at Sudbury: Elias, 
mentioned below; James, born 1696; Mathias 
and Jonathan, twins, 1698; Elizabeth, 1701; 
Hannah, 1704. 

(IV) Elias (2), son of James Keyes, was 
born in 1694, at Sudbury, and died February 
27, 1756. He was one of the sixteen founders 
of the church in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. 
About 1742 or 1743 he moved to Xew Marl- 
boro, and was dismissed from the Shrewsbury 
church to that place. He married, at Marl- 
boro, December 13, 1718, Keziah Brigham. 
Children: Elias, born July 22, 1719; Mary, 
April 13, 1721, died 1724; David, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1722; Robert, mentioned below; 
Mary, December 12, 1726; Charles, April 29, 
1728; Keziah, February 13, 1730; Paul, Sep- 
tember 16, 1731 ; Zenas, March 9, 1733, died . 
1740; Martha, June 27, 1736; Thaddeus, June 
17, 1738: Deliverance, 1740. 

(V) Robert (2), son of Elias Keyes, was 
born April 18, 1725, at Marlborough, and went 
with the family to Berkshire county, Massa- 
chusetts. He settled in Sheffield. He married 

Azubah . Children : David, mentioned 

below ; Elizabeth, born October 20. 1754 ; Han- 
nah, September 26, 1756; Phebe, August, 
1759; Mary, born March 5, 1767, died May 
10, 1769: Jane, June 22, 1769. 

(VI) David, son of Robert (2) Keyes, was 
born at Sheffield, August 28, 1753. He re- 
moved to Middletown, Vermont, when a young 

man. He married Stevens. He was a 

soldier in the revolution, from Vermont, and 
took part in the battle of Ticonderoga. Chil- 
dren : Robert, born September 6, 1783 ; Tol- 
man, went west and has many descendants 
there ; Stephen, mentioned below ; Hiram, went 
west, where he has descendants ; Lyman, born 
1796, lived at Middletown, where he died Jan- 
uary 22, 1833, leaving one son; Jonas C, left 



194 



NEW ENGLAND. 



home young ; Sally, married 



Beals ; 



Azubah ; Polly, died in [Nliddletown ; Emme- 
line, went west ; Azubah and Polly, never mar- 
ried. 

(VII) Stephen, son of David Keyes, was 
born in 1790-1, at Middletown, and settled in 
his native town. His brother Robert lived 
in Poultney, and afterward in Knox county, 
Ohio. Stephen Keyes was a farmer. He 
married Polly Waldo, born 1789, died 1864, 
daughter of Gamaliel Waldo. The Waldo 
familv was prominent in Windham county, 
Connecticut. He died at Middletown, Decem- 
ber 28, 1865. Children, born at Middletown: 
I. Harley C, 1813 ; lived in East Rutland, Ver- 
mont, died March, 1878; married Emily iNIal- 
lory ; children: Merrett, and Laura C, reside 
in West Rutland. 2. Mary Ann, 1814, died 
October 31, 1848. 3. Sally Maria, married 
Lucius B. Adams, and resided at Castleton, 
Vermont ; children : John Quincy, Charles, 
Mary Ann, and Jennie, wife of Aimer Gard- 
ner, and resides in Rutland, Vermont. 4. Isaac 
B., 1822, died June 15, 1862; his widow lives 
at Spencerport, New York ; had a daughter 
who died in infancy. 5. Annis J., born 1827, 
died January 13, 1842. 6. Lovisa, married 
Alanson Adams, and had Alphonso, Adelaide, 
and Emma Adams, all deceased, and she died 
in Poultney about 1866. 7. David H., men- 
tioned below. 

(VIII) David Harrison Keyes, son of 
Stephen Keyes, was born at Middletown, Ver- 
mont, August II, 1833, in the village of Mid- 
dletown Springs. He attended the public and 
select schools of his native town, and worked 
during his youth on his father's farm there. 
His first business venture was as salesman 
traveling for a patent medicine concern. Sub- 
sequently he became sales agent of Johnson 
& Browning, of New York, map publishers. 
He then entered partnership with Nelson Ran- 
som, of Poultney, Vermont, where they es- 
tablished a general store, and continued in 
business as Ransom & Keyes until the store 
was burned in February, 1862. In the autumn 
following he went to Chicago and opened an 
agency of the L'niversal clothes wringer. 
Afterward he represented the xAmsterdam 
wringer, and was a jobber in other similar 
goods. He established a business as contrac- 
tor in gravel-roofing, and carried it on for a 
period of twenty-five years. Among other 
impxjrtant contracts he had that for the roof- 
ing of the buildings on the entire system of 
the Chicago & Northwestern railroad for a 
period of twenty-six years. He was also for 
many years a part owner of the .Artesian Stone 
and Lime Works of Chicago, Keyes & Thatch- 
er, proprietors. In 1902 the firm leased its 



plant for twenty years, and since then Mr. 
Keyes has been virtually retired from active 
business, devoting himself to his private affairs 
and to the enjoyment of well-earned leisure. 
He was formerly a member of the Douglas 
Club and the Oakland Club of Chicago. He 
attends the Evangelical church. In politics he 
is a Progressive Republican. He is a member 
of the New England Society of Chicago. 

He married, in January, 1873, EUa Jewell, 
born 1847, daughter of Jefferson and Susan 
(Fuller) Jewell, of Rockford, Illinois. Her 
mother was a cousin of iMargaret Fuller, the 
transcendental thinker, scholar and author. 
Mr. and Mrs. Keyes have no children. They 
reside at 4420 Oakenwald avenue, Chicago, 
and Mr. Keyes has an office at 145 Roanoke 
Building. 



The family of Dutton or Dun- 
DUTTON ton takes its name from the an- 
cient town of Dutton, Eng- 
land, mentioned three times in the Domesday 
Book. One part of this town was held by 
Odard or L'dard, also spelled Hodard and 
Hudard. The family has borne a coat-of-arms 
from the earliest days, and from 1060 to the 
present time has ranked among the leading 
noble families. Hodard, the progenitor of 
the family in England, came from Normandy 
in 1066 with William the Conqueror. In the 
distribution of the conquered lands he re- 
ceived a good part of the town of Dutton 
in Cheshire, and settled there. This grant 
came from Hugh Lupus, formerly Earl' of 
Avranches, later Earl of Chester. The sister 
of Hugh Lupus married William of Norman- 
dy. One authority makes Hodard a nephew 
of Hugh Lupus, and therefore a nephew by 
marriage to the King. Hodard had five 
brothers — Edward, Wolmere, Horswyne, 
Wolfarth, and Nigell. Hodard held Aston 
under William FitzNigell, Baron of Halton. 
Hodard was Lord of Dutton; according to 
the family record in 1665 the land was then 
in the custody of his lineal descendant. Lady 
Elinor Vicomptess Kilmorey. daughter of 
Thomas Dutton. His descendants added the 
name of the town to their Christian names, 
after he received the land. 

(I) John Dutton, the American ancestor, 
came to .America in 1630. He was before 
the general court of Massachusetts, October 
29. 1640. The names of Dunton and Dutton 
have the same origin, and in the same fami- 
lies the two spellings were used as late as the 
revolution. It is presumed therefore that the 
Dutton and Dunton pioneers at Reading, 
Massachusetts, may have been sons of John 
Dutton; Thomas, born 1621, mentioned be- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



195 



low; Josiali, lived in Reading; Robert of 
Reading; Samuel of Reading, born about 
1620. 

(II) Thomas, son of John Button, was 
born in England in 1621. Most of the New 
England families of the name are traced to 
him as their ancestor. Thomas Dutton lived 
in Reading seven years, and in 1668 had lived 
ten years in Woburn. He removed to Biller- 
ica in 1669. and was accepted as an inhabi- 
tant November 22, 1669. He settled on the 
south side of Fox brook by the old and aban- 
doned road to the Great plain, northwest of 
the Davis place. He was living in Billerica 
in 1675, and died there January 22, 1687. 
His wife Susannah died August 27, 1684, 
aged fifty-eight years. He married second, 
November 10, 1684, Ruth Hooper, probably 
widow of William Hooper of Reading. Chil- 
dren by first wife, born at Reading : Thomas, 
mentioned below ; Mary, born September 14, 
165 1 : Susanna. February 27, 1653-4; John, 
March 28, 1656-7. Born at Woburn : Eliza- 
beth, born January 28, 1658-9 ; Joseph, Janu- 
ary 25, 1 660- 1 ; Sarah, March 5, 1661-2; 
James, August 22, 1665; Benjamin, Febru- 
ary 19, 1667. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Dutton, was born in Reading, Massachusetts, 
September 14, 1648. He married (first) in 
Billerica, January 10, 1678-9, Rebecca Dra- 
per, a widow, of Concord. She died March 
16, 1720-1. He married (second), Novem- 
ber, 1721, Sarah Converse. He bought or 
had land of his father in Billerica in 1670; 
also purchased land of John Stearns. He 
was in Sergeant Hill's garrison in 1675, and 
in the center squadron in 1707. In 1677 he 
served in the ill-starred expedition to the 
Eastward, as the Kennebec country was 
called. His petition to the general court 
(Mass. Archives, vol. Ixix, page 209) con- 
tains the best account of this expedition. Two 
hundred Christian Indians from Natick and 
forty English soldiers took part under Captain 
Benjamin Sweat of Hampton. Of these, fifty 
men were killed by the Indians and a score 
more wounded. Dutton was shot through the 
side of his belt and through the left knee, 
"and fell down not able to help himself". 
His escape from death was marvelous. Chil- 
dren, born at Billerica : Rebecca, born No- 
vember 13. 1679; Thomas, mentioned below; 
John, February 24, 1683-4, died December 14, 
1687; Susannah, born April 30, 1686, died 
September 3, 1688; Susan, born November 
4, 1687. 

(IV) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Dutton, was born at Billerica, Massachusetts, 
August 2, 1681, and died at Westford in 



1759. He moved to Westford after 1738, 
and he and his sons lived in the vicinity of 
the Jonathan T. Colburn place. He married 
at Billerica. January 31, 1710-11, Hannah 
Burge of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren, born in Billerica : Joseph, born Decem- 
ber, 1712; Thomas, mentioned below; John, 
born February 13, 1715; Josiah, February 21, 
1716-17; Hannah, .August 10, 1718, died Oc- 
tober following; Rebecca, twin of Hannah, 
died young; Benjamin, born May 2, 1720; 
James, May 5, 1721 ; Hannah, June 13, 1723; 
Rebecca, May 18, 1726; Ephraim, January i, 
1728; David, 1731 ; Susanna, March 10, 
1732-3- 

(V) Thomas (4), son of Thomas (3) Dut- 
ton. was born at Billerica, August 28, 1713. 
and moved to Westford, Massachusetts, about 
1746. He married (first) Mary Hill, who 
died about 1754. He married (second), Sep- 
tember 9, 1756, Sarah Fitch, a daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Clark) Fitch. She was 
born in Boston, May 8, 1731. Thomas Dut- 
ton remained in Westford, but a change of 
town lines placed him among the residents 
of Lunenburg near the present line of Fitch- 
burg. Children, by first wife: Mary, born 
at Billerica, December 14, 1737; Silas, born 
at Westford, November 23, 1739; Sarah, 
March 18, 1741. Born in Lunenburg: Han- 
nah, January 28, 1744-5; Sybil, December 9, 
1749; Elizabeth, December 18, 1752. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Joseph Fitch, born ■ 
July 3, 1757; Susanna, March 7, 1759; John, \ 
mentioned below ; James, baptized November 

20, 1773, at Rockingham, Vermont. The fam- 
ily removed to Rockingham, \'ermont. be- 
fore the revolution, and Sarah, wife of 
Thomas, was admitted to the Rockingham 
church by letter from the Lunenburg church; 
at this time Thomas was refused admission 
because of irregular attendance, but was af- 
terward admitted. As early as December 31, 
1746, Thomas Dutton appears to have been 
interested in Charlestovvn, New Hampshire 
(township No. 4), as his name appears among 
the petitioners for the protection of the town 
during the French and Indian war. .Another 
signer was John Dutton of Townsend, Massa- 
chusetts. 

(VI) John, son of Thomas (4) Dutton. 
was born in Lunenburg, July 9, 1761, and died 
March 10, 1826. He married (first), in 
Fitchburg, August 31, 1786 (intention pub- 
lished .August 13. 1786. at Putney. \'ermont), 
Betsey Hodgkin of Fitchburg. She was born 
in 1761 and died May ir. 1818. at X'ergennes.- 
\'ermont. He married (second), at Lowvilie, 
New York. February 15. 1820. Lucy Hamil- 
ton of Nova Scotia. She was born October 



196 



NEW ENGLAND. 



20, 1770, and died at Auburn, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 9, 1864. John Button was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, assistant to the surgeon, in 
1814, and took part in the battle of Benning- 
ton. Children by first wife: Betsey, born 
September 24, 1787, died May 18, 1805; Sally, 
bom May 22, 1789, died September 18, i8ri ; 
James M., born in Claremont, New Hamp- 
shire, September 11, 1790, died April 13, 
1859; Lucy, January 19, 1793, died February 
8, 1825; Charles Olcott, February 25, 1795, 
died September 11, 1818: Rufus, mentioned 
below; Sybil, July 22, 1801, died April 12, 
1820; Thomas R., October 13, 1803, died 
January 24, 1829. 

(VH) Rufus, son of John Button, was 
born in Rutland, Vermont, October 13, 1797. 
When a young man he was a manufacturer 
of hats and in later life a farmer. He died 
November 26, 1880. He married, February 
28, 1828, Mary Campbell Ball, who was born 
June 20, 1798, in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, a 
daughter of Jonas Ball; she died May 27, 
1872. Children: i. Catherine Elizabeth 
Browning, bora in Norfolk, St. Lawrence 
county. New York, Becember 31, 1828, died 
January 28, 1906. 2. Charles Frederick Ball, 
mentioned below. 3. James Rufus, born at 
Canton