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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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NEW ENGLAND 



j^tstorical ^ ©encalogicol Hegistcr,' 



rCBUSHKD QUABTERLY DNSRll THB PATBOSAGE OF TBE 



fen ^nglnntr ^istoiu, GentalogicaL Sociitg.' 



FOB THE YEAR 1849 



VOLUME in. 




BOSTON; 
SAMUEL 0. DRAKE, PUBLISHER. 
*v 1849. 



••;•••. • •." •••••• • ,' 

• • •••• •^-••» • •••,»^ *««•,*•■• • • 

• •' • •* ' AbiiTtDNS klh) boBLRECTIONa • • "• •' 

In Vol. i. — Page 1 20, line 14, for Rev, ^»hn Brazier^ D. D., read Rev. John Brazery D. D. 

— Page 256, line 48, for (21—3) read (321— 3). — Page 340, line 44, for -Rrr. B. B. Drone, 
J). /)., read Reo. R. B. Drane, D. D. — Page 342, line 12, after Rtbecca Hovty, insert, wi. 
Jamet B. Curwrn, Feb. 3, 1848. — Page 396. column 2, line 75, read Kichardton^ Lydia, 9, 
29, 30. — Same page, column 2, after line 75, insert Richardton, Mary, 26, 27. 

In Vol. ii. — Page V, hne 20, for 398, read 395. — Page (W|, column 3, line 21, for 
Roger Goddepeed^reiiA Roger Qoocfspm/. -^ Page 157, line 10, Mr. Endii-ott writes: ''Ow- 
ing to different records conflicting with each oihcr, some doubt is expn*s8cd in Vol. 2, p. 
157, as to who was the wife of Ensign David PealK)dy, (7) 111. Since the publication of 
that account, I have received through the politeness of a gentleman at Fairhavcn, positive 
proof that the wife who survived him, (for perhaps he may have married twice,) was Sarah 
Pope, of Dartmouth, Mass., as stjited in the Boxford Record:!. She whs the daughter of 
Seth Pope, a man of much consequence in his day, who left her at his decease, in 1727, 
.£469— which \»fficj was settled by his Executor, Lemnel Pope, with her oldest um, 
Thomas Peahody, (53.- 1) 22 Dec. 1735*'— 8aine ptge, line 40, for Xoutfo, read Xiicy. 

— Page 196, Hne 6, for John 3fan/oti, read John Marhn. — Same page, line 21 , John Otis. Set 
Vol. III. p. 274. — Page 229. column 1, line 20, for 1848, read 1847.— Same page, column 
1, line 50, for 1848. read 1847. — Page 308, line 7, for 1780, read 1700 —Page 368, line 4«, 
for Keith, read Kiff — Page 372. line 5, for Ehtn B-rkins, read Ezra Brrkint. — Same page, 
line 12. Error. Se Vol iii p. 359— Page 376, colnmn 3, line 29. insert ** Itred on Bo$ttm 
Nerk, R /.'* — Page 378, line 30, for (/<im., read wife.— Page 379, line 13, for John Parker^ 
read John Barker; line 34, after Andrew Jill^n, Jr., insert of Small Bix; line 35. after John 
Mien, insert of Small Ihx — Page 395, line 30, for Hon. Jnmrt Fttrh, read Rev. Jamet 
Fitrh', line 33. for Barshuah. read Bathfhtba: line 37, for Mr. Bmjamin Churfh, read Rew, 
Benjamin Cotton: line 40, after 1699, insert m. Rtv. William Gager; line 49, after 1736, 
insert m. an JlthUy. — Page 390, line 1, for Sarah, read Tirzuh ; line 38, the children of 
Rev. John Tavlor were, Elizabeth j Jabez Tcrrv ; John ; Hurriet, m. Roderick Terry, Esq., 
of Hartford; kenry Wyllys: Mary. m. Jo'*iah Wright; Nathaniel Terry. 

In Vol. hi. — Page 58, line 43, for 0)pp», read Copp'n. — Page 65, line 16, Mr. Bolt- 
wood writes, '' I am tttre that this woman s name is not Pope The first letter is R, the 
second o, and the third r. Respecting the third letter I am somewhat in the dark. I think, 
however, it is cither $ or r, making the reading Ro»e or Rofe. (perhaps for Rolje )" — Same 
page, line )7, for Unity Smylolary, read Eunve Swgletaty; line 19. for Riihard Margum, 
read Rir.hard AOifv^iR. -— Page 66, line 15, for Elitaheth Ping, read Elizabeth Ring; line 22, 
for Petw-ne Johnton. read Relume Johmon; line 33. for 96fr 21 1677, read 96rr 22 1677. — 
Paye 67, line 15. for Daniil Enne$, wad Daniel Eim^$; line 25. for Andrew Pttert and 
Eiizabrth, read Andrew Pders and Eiizabdh J'hrnum. — Page 68, line II, for Eiizabrtk 
JtfrrnM,read Elizabeth Mirrill/; line 19, for Martha fonti/m, read Tabiiha Farnvm — Page 
84, line 16, for Lezaia, read Lydia; line 39, for Lezaw, rend Lydia. — Page 88 last line, 
for Jan. 1, 1810, read Jan. 1, 1801. — Page 100, line 50, column 1, for 9 Ort., read 12 Ort.-, 
line 51, column I, for Segar, read Seger. — Page 108, line 7, for «Ao/.read short. — Pagf 123, 
line 43, the reference to the note is misplacctl. It should have been inserted after Lord^ 
line 46. — Pa;re 134. Note. A slijrht misinke. I^ewis was grandfather of Cant. Nathaniel 
Hamblen, but not of Hon. Frederick Hamblen, whose paternal ancestor was 7 homas Mr. 
Hamblen writes, with rcfci-ent-e to his valuable articles on the ** First Settlers of Bamsiahic," 
as follows: "*! have published all the Births, Marriages, and Deaths. contained in the first 
bi^ok of Reconlfi of Barnstable, and may. at some future dav. give something more '' — Page 
156, line 9. for Riard Huffeeld, read Rtrhard Haffeetd.— I^age 158. line 37, for Mr. Robtrt 
Say, rejul Mr. Rolxrt Lay. — Page 159. line 3, for Mr, Robetl Say. read Jllr Robert I.ay.'^ 
page 182. at the end of note ^, read ED,-^ Page 183, line 19, for Date. n*«d Page. — Page 
188, line 44. coliJmn 1, for 7 Oil. Iff50, read 7 Oct. 1640 —Page 19?. line 54. i olunm 1, 
for Jonuh, read haiah. — Page SOS, line 28, for Cbchitnate, rend Chethirhoirirk — }*age 
212. line 31, for 1848, read 1849.-*Pa|re 233, last line, the Hut0}:ra)ih of Nathuniel I'ease, 
accidentally omitted in this its anpropriare place, will lie found on pajie 390. — I^t^e 245, 
line 37. t-olunin 3. for Ziuhe Marm^ read Zarkt Monk ; line 48. co'nmn 3. for Daviit AMy^ 
read David A»hly. — Pa^e 246. line 5, colnmn 1, for Ralph King, read Ralp Kifg : line 37, 
column 1. for Lnoi Kinnly, read Emot Kmtlff] line SB, colnmn 2, for Niiholon Wl'ilmarsh, 
read Nirholn$ Whitmarxh ; lino 34. cokinin 9, for iWir/Aan Smith, n-nd Nathani Smi h ; line 
42. column 2. for Abijah Whitmcm, read Abjeh ll'Ai/iiui?!. — P:iue 2.'>4, line 45. for Knowltt, 
read Rollt; line 47, for KnotHet. read /2o//«. -* Paj^e 257. line 27, for Maltahoute. rcn«l MnttO' 
han'id'i — l»auc 279. line 19. for Mr. Thomat Walirmnn, read Mr Thomas Wutennan. — 
Pair« 282. line 42. after eirnUion, insert a comma — Pajre 2a'1. line 31, for any. n-nd an, 
— Psiu^j 286. line 64, column 1, for Vinton, Mr. C. Af., n^ad Vinson, Mr. C. M., { Harv. Coll, 
1839 I — P.ijfc 287, line 32, column 2. We are informed, upon p«'rfeeily reliable authority, 
that in the, obituary notice of Rev. .Sylvester Dana, ax compiled from the work therein in- 
dicdtiMl, .there arc several inac<*unu?ies. Our limited space not allowing us to nmke the 
ncccH^iiry corn^ctions at ihia time, wc are obliged to defer the matter until the next NunilKT. — 
Paixe 294 line 37. «*ol umn I . for 69, read TiO : lino 4 1 , for April 1 780. read Apt i7, 1 789. — Page 
a36. note i for 1727, reail 1827. — Page 337, line 10. for iw 9 on list, read [no 9 on li»t.\ ; 
line 43, for Superseribed, read [SuperBeribrd ] — Page 352. lino 49, for tine 36. rend line 37 ; 
line 50. for Urn 47, read tint 48.— Page 39S, line 1, for JMr. Aate, read Judge Pkase. 



296080 



PREFACE. 



Another year is drawing to a close, and time, in its onward course, has 
Inoaght us to the point whence it has heen customary for the editor of the 
Genealogical Register to look hack upon the field of his lahors, to make his 
obeisance to the Public, return tlianks for the indulgence which has kept 
eren pace with his steps, and to crave the continuance of that indulgence 
for the ensuing year. 

But to the present Editor — an untried traveller upon the course of pop- 
ilar favor — the return of this season of retrospection brings a novel task. 
He finds himself obliged, for the first time, to appear before the patrons of 
the Register, to mast of whom he is a stranger, and to explain his conneo- 
tioo with a work, which has generally been considered the fi:>8ter-child of 
one far more worthy of the Editorial chair. 

In the month of January last the subscriber was appointed ^ Chairman 
<if the Publishing Committee of the N. E. Historic-Genealogical Society, 
and ex-officio Editor of the Genealogical Register." Since that appoint- 
ment he has devoted a considerable portion of his time, and such talents as 
he possessed, to the discharge of the duties of his responsible ofilce, cheered 
by the hope that his efibrts might not be entirely unsuccessful, and that his 
labors might not be wholly unacceptable to an enlightened community. 
Fortunate, indeed, must he consider himself, in having had the benefit of 
die counsel and aid of one, whose long experience eminently qualified him 
fer an adviser ; one who, as Publisher of the Register, still continued to 
wmtdi with anxious solicitude over the interests of this favorite object of his 



The first (January) number of this year, was issued under the auspices 
<rf Mr. Drake. For the remaining three numbers — April, July, and Octo- 
ber — the subscriber is alone responsible. Sufficient reason for the partic- 
alarity of this statement will be found in the fact, that the Publisher has 
been called to account for articles which he had never seen until they were 
in print, and been favored with comments, which, if made at all, should 
have been addressed to the Editor, 

And now, inasmuch as his good friend the Publisher reminds him that 
he should like to say a few words to his patrons, the Editor hastens, in con- 
elusion, to return his grateful acknowledgments to all who have in any way 
lent him assistance ; and to assure them that their kindness and attention 
will ever be remembered by their obedient servant, 

William Thaddeus Harris. 

Cambridge, Mass., 
Oct. 1, 1849. 



OUR WORK. 



Haying brought a third volume of the New England Historical, 
Genealogical, and Antiquarian Register to a dose, a word or two 
may be expected from its Publisher to those patrons who have continued 
to sustain him thus far ; and so long as he has the privilege of saying what 
he pleases, it is his own fault whether he says nothing, or whether he speaks 
acceptably on the occasion. 

That we have not exactly satisfied ourself, we are free to confess. Ow- 
ing to circumstances which have occurred since we wrote our last preface, 
(to the second volume,) we have, in some measure, been compelled to de- 
part from the fundamental principles therein laid down ; and furthermore, 
circumstances are still such, that it is judged best not to make any new 
promises, that we may be sure not to break any : — but to say to our pa- 
trons, one and all, that so long as we continue our labors in this way, we 
shall do all in our power to' make the work what it should be ; namely, a 
TREASURY OP MATERIALS ; to which aU the sons of New Eng- 
LAND may, with the utmost confidence, appeal, for the History and Ak- 
TiQuiTiEs of their Ancestors. 

Whatever (if any thing) may be contained in the present volume not 
generally desirable, it is the humble opinion of the Publisher, that, as a 
whole, it will be one of the most permanent value. The complete list of 
Freemen from the records of the General Court of Massachusetts is no- 
where else to be found in print ; and we are persuaded that this feature of 
the volume alone will give it a value above the cost of the whole subscrip- 
tion of all the volumes thus far ; especially, as the accuracy of the list can- 
not be questioned, nay, will not be, guaranteed, as it is, by the name that 
accompanies it 

It is not proposed to point out faults in what we have done, for we doubt 
not too many will readily present themselves to such as seek for them. We 
only desire to remind such co-workers ^ that while errors, mistakes, and omis- 
sions are easily detected, and easier denounced, it would become them quite 
as much, were they to give due credit for the many that have been avoided. 

Should any be disposed to complain that we have printed some genealo- 
gies in a more extended form than it will be expedient hereafter to do, we 
must in the present case reply, that it is not done at the expense of our 
subscribers, inasmuch as we have extended our number of pages to compre- 
hend them. The Publisher. 

Boston, 56 Comhill, 
1 October, 1849. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



ProMciB, 844 
>, of John ToUt, IfiO 

Almanae, flIMOO 

Coloalw, Bnj^s mteknui In Um, 110 
College, Memorial of, 406 



Prfaner, 210-11 




46 

" end the N. B. 



Ammmi in be^ialf of Widow Fanv, iaU, 211-18 
A inord fbr Imitekkni, 147 

9,27, 



liM, of the teniUei of Deene, 876, 876 ; 

S; RoUb, 140 i Tally, 167: 
lit-Unkm Journal, 2B6 
AttMKmwih, Cniie*s Centennial at, 408 
A loblo ar a phieal NoCiee of Rer. 8. Brown, 874 

AntOfimplM. 28, 168. 287, 88B, 884, '6, '0, 880, 804, 886 

A Wotd to Modernlaert, 22 

Baraetable. tint Settler* of; 84-7, 188-6, 271-6 

Baiiov** Aretle Tojam, 14 

Vbim tH John Rogen, 878 

MopMhieal Notkea, of Rer. James Allen, 119 ; Rer. 
WUttam Bates, D. D., 110; the Belcher ftunily, 
281-2; Rev. Simon Bradirtreet, 118; Thama* 
Brattle, 112 ; Rer. WUliam Brattle, 114 ; Rer. 
Thomaa Braj, D. D., 110; Rer. Idward Brooks, 
401 ; Rer. William Borkitt, lU ; Hon. Jamea 
Bartlll, 826 ; Rer. Bdmnnd Calamy, D. D.. lid ; 
ftakiel Cheever, 106-6; ChUataabnt, 882-8; 
Bar. Thomaa Clarke, 118 ; Cntahamekin, 889 ; 
Bar. John Danf»rth, 118; Rer. Samuel lieane, 
8B6-6; Hon. Sihu Daane, 881-2; Hon. Joseph 
Dorr, 812 ; Barly Phyatelans of Marietta, 6., 
47-66,187-47; Rev.lmklel Xmerson. 812-18; 
Bar. Robert Fleming, 116 : Dr. Samuel Fuller. 
219; Rer. Francis Gastrell, D. D., Ill ; Maj. 
Oen. Daniel OooUn, 128-6: Rer. Joseph HiU, 
100; Bar. John Hough, D. D., 110 ; Rer. John 
Howe, 100 : Joaiah Wampatoek, 889^1 ; Hon. 
aad Bar. John Levirett, 106 ; Rer. Nathaniel 
Mather, 110 : Hon. CalTfn Peaaa, 880-8 : Capt. 
Levi Psase, 882-8; Rer. Bbeneaer Pemberton, 
107; Bbeneaer Rawion, 806-7; Saerstary Id- 
wnrd Rawson, 201-8 : Bsa. Bdward Rawson, 
810; Bar. Qrlndal Rawson, Jr., 804; Rer. 
Orlndal Rawson. 2d. 808; Rebeeea Rawson, 
S»4; WilUam Rawson, 280; Mlm XUmbeth 
flfaiisr, 112 ; Hon. William Stoughton, 117-18 ; 
Bar. Moses TklL8U-12 ; Miehael Ttdntor, 164 : 
Bar. Bs^^^am^n Wadsworth, 121 : Rer. Samuel 
WiUaid, 110-21; Bar. Daniel WllUaraf, 110. 



, Seeood Church in, sinds Cofanan to New- 
port, R. I., 107 ; Cohncn*s serrioes to, 229-80; 
Mnket, Small Pox, and Schools In, 2SK> 
Atananae, Dieklnson^s, 102 
Otaomiar School, 106, 106 
Baeords, 88-40. li6-7, 247-8 
Weekly News Letter, 188 

pse, lariy Beeords of; 126-7, 247-8 

B iButud , Conn., Bwly Records oi; 168-4 
Btatfele Street Ohurch, historical notices of, 112-18, 
VMX 2V-8 ; Cohnan*8 beqosst to, 227 
of, 70 

r, in p rogra m , 104 
^s History oil 148 
Bwijflug-Oronnds. at Allyn^s Point, 126 ; Coneord, 
•8; Com«s Hill, 68, 844; Ooahen, N. T.,62; 
Harwich, Bog., 160 ; HaTcrhlll, lfi2 ; Salem, 
128-82, 276-8 : Wobum, 46, 148, 262-4, 868-9 
CUamy^a pasted Mlntaters,298 
OsBbrMfs, Barly Records of, 248; Deaths In, 281-2 
Chnrisstown, Grammar Sehool of, 106 ; Bradstreet 

■dnislar fai, 118 
Chaehiehowick Rlrer, Rawson^s grant at, 208 
Obaererlan Education. 106 
c, Battle oi; 62-8 
rallqrt bwiilng of; 880 



Coflln^ History of Newbury, 202 

Congregatlonaiists and Presbyterlanfl, conjkrsnet 
for the reconciliation of the, 110 

Connecdcnt, ArchiTcs of, 167-8 

Deaths, 101-8, 192-200,286-96,406-8 ; in Cambrldga, 
281-2 ; Northampton, 176-6, 8W-400 ; Wren- 
tham, 81-2 

Declaration of Independence, Signers oi; 168 

Deer, Frobisber's encounter with, 16 

DepuUes, from Newbury, 202, 208. 204 

Records of the House of, 208, 206 

Doddridge's Notes on Virginia and Penn^lTania,26 

Domesday Surrey, Itf 

Doncaster,origin of the name, fte., 9-10 

Dorer, N. H., seisure of Indians at, and Its eonsa- 
quences.266,268,260 

Dublin, N. H.. History of. 212 

Dudley Genealogies and Family Records, 96 

Barly Records, of Andorer, 66-8; Boston. 88-40; 
Braintne, 126-7, 847-8 ; Branibrd, 1684 ; Cam- 
bridge, 248; Middlesex County, 181-2, 401; 
Northampton, 176-6. 896-400; Suffolk County, 
%77-82, m-80, 266-8; Weymouth, 71-2, 166, 
260-70 ; Woodbury, Conn., 60-70; Wrantham, 
81-2 

Earthquake at Port Royal, 290 

Kndleas Genealogies, to be aroided, 288 

England, Kings and Queens of, 88 

Errata, 2, 97, ix), 2W, 274, 862, 860 ^^ 

BrangelScal Treasury, sunested by Cohnan, 228 
Expectanda, Bererly's. llO 
First Settlers, of Barnstable, 84-7, 188-6, 271-6; 

Hingbam, 104 ; SaUsbury, 66-7 
Fort Stanwix, treaty of, 64 

Freeman's Oath, 41, 80-90 

Freemen In New Kn|^d, 41-6, 89-96, 187-94, 280- 

46,846-62 
Froblsber^s Stralta, diseoTery of, 16 ; TWted. 17 
Genealogical Society, Offlcers of the, fbr 1849, 104 : 

Donations to the, 104, 200,418 ; ita meetinn, 104 
Genealogies of the Families of Bieek, 104 ; Butler, 

78X868-8; Deane, 876-87: Peabody, 860-78 ; 

Pease, 27-81, 169-76, 2^, 890-8 ; Rawson, 

297-880; Rolft, 148^; Tully, 167-68; Wy^^ 

man. 38-8 
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, his ** Dlaeonrse," 18 
Gloucester Churoh, 167 
God with the Aged, a Sermon, 401 
^* Oold-Finden," accompany Froblsher, 17 
Gospel Order ReriTed, 220-2 ; Reply to. 222 
GrigRS Family, Information respecting tike, desired, 

Groton, Academy at, 284-6 

Gunpowder, Rawson and, 202, 204 

Hall's Island, Tislted In ssareh of gold, 17 

Harrard College, 106, 112, 228. 282, 406 ; Com- 
mencement Theses, In 1696, 107 ; First De- 
grees In DlTlnlty at, 114 ; Stoughton a benefhe- 
tor to. 118; WillardTloe-Prealdent 0^119-20, 
282 ; Wadsworth Presklent of, 121 ; Beqiiesta 
to, 181,228 ; Cobnan chosen President ot 228-6 

Hist. Sketches of MIddleborough. 218-20, 880-44 

Houghton Bubble, burst at last, 404 

Huron Tillage, Indian Council at, 64 

Indian Chaiity School, at Lebanon, 60, 61 ; Indian 
Councils, 64 ; Indian Deeds, 60-70, 188 ; Indian 
Summer, 26 ; Indian War Papers, 28-6, 168—6, 
266,267-8,260,280 

Indians, Froblsher's Intercourse with, 16-16, 17-18 ; 
their nTages, 61, 11% 196, 236, 266-61, SB7, 816, 
860 ; number of, hi MIddleboro', 214 ; mortal- 
ity among the, 216, 888 ; troubles between the 
nigrims and, 216-19 ; their food, 216 ; war with 
the, predicted, 264-6; seisure ot at Dover, 
M. H., and ill eonssqwnoos, 2B«( 268, 160 ; 



(i>UK,aDI;UHitn' 



land., &<.., Doi b, 1M punblMd oL S3a: u 
dow ronrcnilDg, 3SI j urprki g^ M. 

iDRilptloni, e« ^laplu. 



Jourukl or ibt nirrim'i C 



mTt,3Si-1i 



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Un or Uw UlfMn, leg 

Uwnncc Audon/, (;iU1iicb( at lU-£ 

Lawi, uwDdminu oT, 2IH 

Lhth bsBlUrfnM HuUb'* Joonwl, H6 

Idtidon, KafUnai In, St-8 

lUu>, •mil Id Urn Miijt hlMorr <i( ZfiO-«l : Rlf 

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fcllj 



•d,aM| Hul Lhi Kliw') UomulHlnun, ftW; 

am lUw of miiKi ud turnpllu. In, aa 
Mm I Ihniwti QuiRirl; KiTbw. IW 
JUBHlr of (1h H lihl t'unllv, 4(H-G 
KuiiDin, or H«. ii.u>nil>i (.'nluum, 1IK-S.2IO-32 : 

BIr MirUn tmblmiT.S-U ; Hij. Utaulio fmu, 

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Knnortai nr the iu-«n imil].v, SOI. au, aui, auj, 
<n.'i »H. 3M, au, 310, sii, aii;, a^ 32^ aw, 



UlddlMi CouDly, Mum., UmhcU of Hisonll ll 

18I-S, 401 
MlnnLiint, (Uukrd by tb( Indjuu, SI 
MoJirriilKn, K wnnl to, 22 
Nuiulwt, B« MtdillAonMKk, 
NbohI, or BiMnii Two Ilnndrrd yrait A(0, M6 

K*w BniWnd. (nvUi dT ulinUaii In. Ill ; Johi 
•aa<i UIBory of, aud ; riuIuUdu d( gDiw 
BHDi la, arf.g, aa-a aS; I)«nn«'. ttolt t 
no : Ont lt(pn«iulia LrfMuln AmbMIi 



DnUe J. Vmrt 



Ln.^,1^, ,„.. John Pierre, 408; 
JDbn HJiuon, au] IBS ; Dn. NMfa'l S«n(«D, 
IM, HUllraJ Bni'lHiig, 108: Sin. >pncj U. 
8lwi«,a»iJahn U «H>U,MR; Ktt. U'IIIIud 
B Tsppu, am ; Tiboi»)[niLnn(i>n, «llii» Tbo<. 
IVUltiUui. lOa ; BcsJualuF ThoRilAon, Kwi., 
mi ; Mn. Bonb T™.li. »» : Mn. U«j L 



wub of cbe auli h!Ju»7 of, KO-S 
VlrginU, IM, 3ilS-W 
pMH'i Point (EdgutowiiK a) 
Perolt, kUnoo'i mm u. 209 
PhUithii of Aibky, 2311 ; Urldier. 281-1 ; BIjnIov, 
VW i Bfimlu, Wl; INai, 287 ; Di»M. lie; BrOi, 
191-8: Eddy,3M; runr,lU-13) t^Deh, 2liU ; 
Levtnlt. IM ; Uiam. «*• L^t^ 10^ ■ l^^t 
3H ; Mrkln.. «R ; tliuocr, W ; itanan-lDl 1 
Kolfe, 149 ; ^mllh, tW ; BBlUns, 68 ; Tiblot, 
l£6-fli U'LIUnl,2§2 
'MiUlpi Via. 2Bfi-)l t oridB or, 8U-4 
Ugijnu or Plynunilb, tbrii ttgoblM with tlM la- 
-"— v,ai*-l» 




Ia,»l 
ov ita^m Fi 



n,41-«,BS 



1,18T-Bl,3a 



Hew UunpatOi* KKMar, loon*, liw 
How IIumh l>luMtloD iNmuut, 106 
Newiown, teuie aC SM [17 

NonbwHt Pmuo. UwmpU U dlwoTn. 11, 18-14. 
HolkM of .Now PubUruinDi, VT-KNI, 281-b, 4UI-& 
Itaita. Preenoo'i. la N. B., 41, HU-UO 
Oull of PIdalUi, lU nf poKHU wbo U»k, Ml 
ObttaaiT NMIca, of »[■ EUa 
JoBitliu Aklw.lW; Dea. 

\: Dr. Heme ApptpUni, 406; HiJ. ^( 
■ ~ - ieI BiikH, 186-4 



Abbomie 

I. Willi. 
AmIiIk, SS6-7 ; Rer. Dukl BiikH, 186-4 ; Ui 
Jualn ^Ifclow. Bea . 1«I-T ; LM B. BnwH 
B>i , 406-1 ; Uon. PK« C. DtDok*, 401-3 1 l' 



ry Burirrk, iol-1 ; Cbu 






.1; Out ClwunnfTBH., 
Duw, 18i-6; BuimI II. 



I, )B7-8 ; M'U- 



IUd Dnkc. is; I Hon. Tlmniby Form, SSB- 
n ; Hn BuUi rrench, SVl ; Hon. Albart Ool- 
luhi. 407 ; Vndertrk Hudwiek, tOT ; Mia ^ 
nh D. BhtK, 106; Durtd C. lUnuHi, ISt ; 
JODUIwi Kldoey, 2K-a 1 Mioiial l^rkln, Ebi . 
W; Daild Uii&(, DM; Hon. Thoodoro L,y 
■u, 407 ; WUIkm tUnnliic, 407-6 ; On. Joba 
Uww, UM ; Lhal. TboMi Mill., 1» i Hoi 
fiortd L Monili, 1<»; Bri)w>d MoUUin, 
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Hoiburj (.Innh oad ite I'l^BX, 182-t 

^bohailB, IihHm> mncH U, 01 

8b>kM, nf New LetauoD, H. V., 134 

- ^ - ■- -■nne>lacyorliitaiUI*DBo(,S13 

8iull Poi~Iuxuiulon,18(l 

Hmllb'f Vtl~«iU> Jnnnul^ IMI 




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n bHkiok'i NunUn ottiM iBdlu Cbullj BelMd, 

W 
WIU of MUtbow Dar, Ul-S : BkbHd : 

EUnbeth FvH, 170-1 : Bilu *■' 

I. Simon ScoiH, laa 
Will*, In Bnfloa County. TT-tL 17 
Wonder- HortlD* PnTMoHofBli 

nn'i liwoiT'or, es 

Wt omlBf, lUiMen if , 167, SIS : I 
2)« 

Yile CoLltRt, t2> 



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DB,m- 

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•■ ; 



NEW ENGLAND 



HISTORICAL Am GENEALOGICAL REGISTEE/ 



VOL. in. JANUARY, 1849. NO. I. 



MEMOIRS OF SIR MARTIN FROBISHER, KNIGHT. 

1536 to 1594. 

One of the most determined, resolute, and practical men of the time of 
Queen Elizabeth was Martin, afterwards SIR MARTIN FROBISH- 
ER.* But we Bcarcelj know which we should most admire, the man who, 
through a period oi fijietn years, struggled with adversity and all kinds of 
disappointments before he could find himself able to undertake a voyage of 
discovery, or the man who travelled two hundred milesf (in those days) to 
learn the troth of such discoveries, that he might be enabled to transmit an 
•ccount of them to posterity. 

It is often the case that great men who have been benefactors of man- 
kind, have gone off the stage without leaving behind them any key to their 
parentage or ancestry. Many took no pains to transmit any account of 
themselves, while many others may have lell accounts, but which, owing to 
some one of numerous accidents, have been lost or destroyed. And thus 
Martin Frobisher comes to us late in life, as is judged, without telling 
as whence he came ; and when he leaves us, his death is merely mentioned 
by the chroniclers, because they could not well avoid it. 

It is pretty certain that Frobisher was bom in or near Doncaster| in 

* Like almost every other name which would admit of permatations, that of Frobisher 
was in eariy times written with great variation ; bat there is probably little doubt, if any, 
that the name was originally derived from the occupation of a polUher of arms. It was 
■lost probably imported from France. A sword-ctuUr is called in that country a fourbis- 
smr. Elenoe the name was of old often written Furbisher, which was more correct than 
that which obtained. 

t Hakiuyt's Vajfages^ iii. 169-70. Haklutt himself tells us that he made such a jour- 
ney to learn an account of the voya^ of " The Trinitie and Minion" in 1536, "set forth 
by Blaster Hore of London," upon discoveries in the North. Haklutt made his journey 
of two hoodred miles to see the only survivor of the voyage, of the termination of which 
he thns speaks: "They arrived at S. Ives in Cornwall about the ende of October, from 
thence they departed unto a certain castle belonging to Sir John Luttrell, where M [aster] 
Thomas Buts, and M. Rastall, and other gentlemen of the voyage, were very friendly en- 
tertained ; after that they came to the Earl of Bathe at Bathe, and thence to Bristol, so to 
Lofidon. M. Buts was so changed in the voyage with hunger and miserie, that Sir Wil- 
Uam his father, aod my Lady his mother, knew him not to be their sonne, until they found 
a secret mark, which was a wart upon one of his knees, as he told me, Richard Uakluyt 
of Oxford, himself; to whom I rode 200 miles to learn the whole trueth of this voyage 
from his own mouth, as being the onely man now [about 1589] alive that was in this dis- 
eoTerie.** The voyage spoken of was to Newfoundland. Ws use the edition of Hakluyt in 
5 eo^., 4/0, 1809-12. 

I So named from its situation upon the Bon or Dwn ; hence Don Castle wa« originally 
UHkrstood, that is, the castle upon th^ Don. The castle has long been in nuns. The 

1 



10 JUmkwv of Sir M&lfht FnHAa; Siugb. [Jan. 

TorfcsUre, and there «etons to li« a pretty stror^ probabtUtr that he vhs a 
MBflf fVaneif PjrdK*Mf, ifho, as early as 1535, was mayor of that place. 

Mabtix FftOBi^RfiR belong to Ameriom biography and history as 
noefa K9. ieri\o€^ to lho$e of Englnnd By his firmness, perseverance, and 
CBteifrii^'J^tW discovery and nMilement of North America were vastly pro- 
jMled.: ' And ootwitbiitandiDg his great serrices, we may look in vain for 
.ViyUiing like a tolerable biography of him, although his name is found in 
■toe ordinary and common dictionaries of bit^vraphy and naval memoirs. 

We have nothing that enables us to state with any degree of certainly 
the time of his birth ; but from some circumstances it is ibooght to have 
been about the year I53li. If that dale be about right, then Frobisher was 
eAmU forty years of a^ in 1576, the year he midertook his discoveries into 
the American sea*- lie must have been fuU forty at this time, or he must 
hare been very young when be wmceived of the undertaking: for we are 
assured by H^uyt, his cotemporary, that he had been upon the enterprise 
fideen yean before be was able to Bet out in iL 

That Frobisher belonged lo a family of respectability there is no doubt. 
In one of the earliest mentions we ttnd made of bim, he is styled "gentle- 
man," which never was bestowed on ordinary persons in his time. Between 
I5G0 and 1570 he was appointed a commissioner of the coal trade. Such 
almses were practised at that time in the sale of coal, that a petition to the 
queen, setting forth the "greate deceit that is used abonte the measuring of 
aea coales in New Caslell and elsewhere throughout Yorkshire, by the belt- 
men and others, to the greaie damnge of manie," desiring her "to gniunle 
letters patents to Marivn Furhusher. gentleman, and Richarde Morley of 
London, gentleman," was set on foot.* 

We hear nothing further of him till 1572, at which lime be was residing 
at Lambeth. While there overtures seem lo have been made lo him to aid 
in the liberation of the Earl of Desmond, then a prisoner in England, but 
no steps appear to have been taken by him to further the design, and it was 
SDSpended. 

The next year, 1573. there was a rumor, probably without any real 
foondation, tliat "Furbisher was allured by certaine decayed men" into a 
onnspincy they had formed of joining one Thomas Stokely in Spain, where 
they were to collect followers and invade the English in Ireland. Al- 
though the plot was partially carried out, we hear nolhing further implicat- 
ing Fmbi«her. 

What hn» been said of men by cotemporaries is generally interesting, 
though often to be taken with much allowance. We shall therefore give 
what several of Frobishcr's cotemporaries have said about him. and as 
Camden is more ftill than atiy of ihera within our knowledge, his account 
(hall be given first, and in hi* own wonls. As for Stow and Speed, they 
are very brief, especially Ibn latter; and the former appears to have hur- 
ried over his notice ; and as though aware he was doing so, he makes 

dtnrrh of Doncaslet i» hmonii for n monmncin irith what onr anlhor cslls nn nnconlh in- 

•CfiptioD, W the memorr of Jlobtri Jigrkt, ■ tieoefaclor lo the ton-n. ll is in these words: 

H<ne. hmr.xrha it htart? ThiU Itpnit, (tot liiad. 

1 Kolrin of DoncBclrc That Itaut.tkal Utarn 

Jnd Msrganl my Ftart. I'hat tltft lliat tlott 

A. D. 1S97. 

Q'wih Jloherlui livrks. vho in lAii Worid did nifn 

Magna Bniannta, vi, i)it. 
" Qvm Elitabtili niirf hrr Timti. i SM 




^ 



amends for it by referring his reader to Hakltijt, in this passage: "Cbd- 
ttrsiii; Ibt ml of the English Naaigalon nnil voyages, I \rill referre pa thIo Itit 
ifomnd Fathtr, Buter Kichard Uacklaii, BatftMlor nf Dlninitie, in bin Rooke' 
l( EBelish TOyagei.'' IVe now proceed Willi Ciimden. 

" Al this lime [157C] some studious Heads, moved wiih a. commendable 
Desre to discover the more remote Regions of the world and the Secrets of 
(he Ocean, put forward some well monied men, no less desirous to reap 
Pro6t by it, to discover whether there were any Streight in the North port 
of America through which men might sail to the rich Country of Cathay, 
and so the Wealth of the East aud West might be eonjoyned by a mutuall 
Commerce. These learned men ai^ed that probably there was some 
Streight opened a way in that part; taking it for granted that the nearer 
the Shoar a man eometh, the shallower the Waters are. But they who 
ntil from the Western Coast of Jseland find by experience the Sea to be 
deeper: so as it may probably seem to joyn with that Sea which the Mari- 
ners call Mare del Sur, on the other side of America. Then tbcy argued. 
That whereas the Ocean is carried with the daily Motion of the Primum 
Mobile, or the uppermost Ueaven, being beaten back by the Opposition of 
Airurica, it runneth Northward to Cabo Freda, that is, the Cold Cape or 
Protnontory, about which place it shoald be emptied Ihrongh some Streight 
into Uie Sea del Sur; otherwise it would be bealcn buck with the like Tio- 
Itaee upon Lapland and Finmarck. as it is in ihe South part of the world 
beat«n back from the Streight of Magellan (a Streight full of Islea, and. by 
reuon of the Narrowness of the Streight, being so full of I^les, uncapable of 
to great a quantity of Waters,) along the Eastern Coast of America to 
Cabo Fredo." " Herewith these monied men being perswaded, they sent 
Sbrtin FrohWieT with three Pinnaces to discover this Streight, who, set- 
tinfc out from Hirwicfi the 18. of June, entred on the ninth of Augvsl into 
a Bay or Streight under the Latitude of 63 Degrees, where he found men 
with blftck Hair, broad Faces, Hat Noses, swarthy-coloured, apparelled in 
Sea-calves Skins ; the Women painted about the Eyes and Balls of the 
Cheek with a blew Colour, like the ancient Britans. But all being so fro- 
Hti Dp with Ice in Ihe moneth of August that he could not hold on his 
Voiaffe, he returned, and arrived in England the 24. of September, having 
bn five Sea-men, whom the Barbarians had intercepted. Nevertheless the 
two years next following he sailed to the same Coasts, to perfect his Enter- 
prise : but being incountred every-where with Heaps of Ice like Mountaines, 
be was kept from entriog any farther into the Bay. Being therefore tossed 
np and down with fowl weather. Snows, and unconstant winds, be gathered 
a great quantity of .Stones, which be thought to be Minerals, and 50 re- 
turned homewards: which Stones, when neither Gold nor Silver nor any 
other Mctall could be extracted from them, we have seen cast foMh to mend 

• When Slow wrote, Hnklajl had published bat one toIuuib of liis Toyogoa, namely, 
tbuof IS?9. 

Wc knon not tbai the name of Fmbishcr even exists in America, unleai it be in Ihoso 
c/Fattnuli, Furber. &c., ivbicb nnj hriTe hnd the Bome origin ; and no fur us we know it is 
TMK m England, So lute an 1807, nol one of tlie name was to bo fonnd in London, thai 
bntenw onldron of aJmoit ewrj name under the sun; at least none is to be fonnd in its 
P«cl rfnclory for that year. The only lime we recollect to hare met with it, is in an ne- 
cowTl of a ihockinf; calamity at Exeler in the county of Dgvod. where, in 1800. Mrs. 
AkiW CAorlDlli. daughter at Joitph Frobiiher. Esq., was bnmt lo death in cndeaTonring lo 
tvcne her child ftom the flameit. She was the wife or Capl. E. J. O'Brien. See LyMo'^ 
ib. of Da., iL 208. 




Memoirt t^f Sir Martin FrohUher, Knigkt. [Jan. 

i the Hig}i-ways. Bnl these matters are published nt large and every where 
to be sold."* 

As haa been remarked, the account of Frobisher by Stow is very brier, 
hut brief as it is, it seems to have been about iiil that is known oi' liim, asidti 
from the narrations of liis maritime expeditions. It is in ttiis; 

■'Morlin Frohother, barne netre DaoeasUr. in VaricvKliife, in hii yoDlh %iw hlm- 
lelfc lu Naui^BlioQ, bf iias the first En^iisiimnn ihul iliinmred tlie Aorlh wo)* to 
Ciiinii, qui) liiliinj', and at his fintl discoarie of tiie wb; to ffllliay at nhirh linir for 
Iryall of what Le roaJd find llicrc, bronelil tlifncr a blacli soft ilrnio like lea cuQJr, 
iiipposed to be fold, or siiuer Oare, & in that ptnirasioD mudr two sfucrall loyi^n 
•game to ('alhajc, brineing wilh tbeui gnat qnaotitie of the sayd suppouil flan*. 
Uu whicii after due Iryall k oiach eipenu proaonl not north anything, neither fit 
tor any v^e, a ptat qunntityof vrhich ttufic won layul in the nurury at Uarfonl, no 
man rrEordine it. be wax viee-odinimil lo Sir Francis Dmke, at tlie winning of 
Sainl Doniiii|!a, Saint laso, Carlhnseaa, and Saint Anenstino. 

Uee did great umicc in the yecre one thousand fine hundred fightie and riebl, 
Tpon the ionineible Spaniih innadti. for whirh he was Kniehted. nflcr that bee was 
General of tenno iliina, to keepe Breil-haneu la Brilaint, where the SpaniBnlri nrere 
thereunto had itron^ly fortified Iheniuintt, in whose eilirpution he did speciall xrr- 
aien by Sea and Land, and was Ibere ihotle into the lidr with a lUiuket, Ibc wonnile 
not niortall. he liued Tutill hee eumr to I'limnioulh, through ihc nesii^enee of his 
ittrfEeon Ibal onrly luuke out the Bullet, not tufficiently searthed Ibe Wonndi to lake 
ont the Bombasle slrarjie in with the sbotle Die sore festered, whereof he dyed.t k 
wai bnried in Plinunoulb, he wai very Talianl, yet harsh it rioleal."! 'i'o tliese 
&cts thus brielly stated we sliaU have occai^iuu again (o refer. The account 
of Speed, being short, it follows entire : 

" For the searching and vnsatisfled spirits of the English, to the p-ent 
glory of our Nation, could not be contAincd within the bankes of tlie Med- 
iterranean or Leuartt Seas, but that they passed farre, towards both the 
Articke and Antarticke Poles, inlnrfiing their trades into the West and 
Eoit Indies : to the search of whose passage, that worthy Sea-Captaine Sir 

■ CaUDBK, Jnuali of Eliiabilh, aiVie. Ill Bnolher accoont it ia fidid ihst in his flret 
»oj«ge, "one of fiiBConi|i»nr bringing back with him a large Piece of the soid black Sione, 
much like Sci-owl, cinied it to the reGnere of Gold, who extracted from it bo Rreat a, 

Soantitf of Gold, Ibat they gave it tbe name of Gold Ore ; which encouraged him to load 
ii Ships with it. thoa»li it prored to no Porpose." — Mag. Bri'., vi. 430. It seems likely 
that the alchem Ian deceived Frobuhcraod hia friends, or he would not have bronihl a sec- 
ond qniuilitj of the aame kind of stone. It b difficult too to see what object wev could 
tuve bad in view, "Yet (sbjb Fuller) will no wise man laugh at his mistake, beeaiue in 
•neb cxperimenEa thev shall noTer hit the mark who arc not content to miss it." Perhaps 
■dventarfrs were *low for such an andcrlaking, and the gold story may have been con- 
trived to quicken iliem. 

t Kdllbr. iti his Woiihui of England, hid evidently nothing but thi< account of Stow 
from which lo make one for his work, but he seldom fails to add something to every ibiug 
he lakes up, which increases its interest. "Swords and pins (he says) huve not tnndo 
more morUl wounds than probes in the handa of careless and skill-less dihurgeons, as 
here it camo to ps's." 

t " ■Awsolts, or ^ Gnuroll Ckronirlr of Bntland. Begun hv lonN 8toiv. Continued 
and Anicmented wilh matters Forraigne and Domestiqne, Anaent and Modeme, vnlo iho 
md of this present yeera, 1631." p. 809. We give the entire lille-piige of Stow, except 
Ibe " horid pietum," which seam to have frightened it Inio an exceeding small space upon 
die verge of the lower margin, as though it would gladlv escape such company. Yet lo 
DS Iho whole litkJeaf of Iho venerable old volume 1a most gratifying; and how Dibdin 
eould ••; " it was enoui^h lo give a man the chnlic to heboid it," is beyond oca compre- 
hension. However, even antiquaries must be allowed lomtlimti b> indulge in a conceit 
where the rfol truth i-anooi be miitaken. The imprint of 8to« is T-owniiii, Impensis 
Hlchabdi NUioiIrn. 1631 Folio. 1087 jwigc*. and an indcs uf about 100 jages 



1849.] Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobinher, Kni-jht. 13 

Martin Furbuxker," made Saila into Ute North- East- Seas, farre further 
then anj man before him had euer dooe, giuing to these parts the name of 
Qofene Etizabeths Foreland. 

" T!ie next jeere bee attempted thirty leagues further, when finding Gold 
Ore (as vae thought) and taking a mail, woman, and child, of the Saziage 
Caiayes, he returned into England; but as his gold prooued drosse, so 
these lined not long, neither turned that dtscouery to any great profit, 
tliongh it was a^ne the third time ossaied by himself, and since by other 
otost JiuMous Nauigalon, the Northwest by Englishmen being lately de^ 
cried, lo bee Seas more safe, and the passage of farre belter hope."t ^Ve 
shall DOW proceed to narrate in as intelligible h manner as we can the voy- 
ages and expeditions of Frobisher. 

When on individual undertakes any great or extraordinary enterpri^, 
the rpasans or motives which led him to it are sought for by every one, )uid 
not without good reason. For tliere is a. vnat difierence whether a man 
venUirefl lus life and fortune merely for the accumulation of wealth, or 
whether it is for the enlargement of the hounds of human knowledge, and 
the consequent promotion of happiness to the hutnun race. That Frobisher 
had other views than merely the acquirement of gold will not be questioned, 
when the circumstances upon which he undertook iiis first voyage of dis- 
covery are considered. 

Bat the first inquiry which will naturaljy take possession of the mind of 
the reader of the memoirs of Sir Martin Frobisher will be, What grounds 
bad he to think he might find a pasnage into the South Seas to the north of 
America? What intimations had he that even such a thing were at all 
practicable ? Had there not been northern voyages in many years before, 
nearly all of which hod terminoted in losses and distress? 

It appears pretty clear from the various treatises contained in Hakluyt's 
collection, that the subject of a north west passage hotL been lung in agito- 
ttnn, and reports had been circulated that even a passage had been made 
around the extreme north of the American eonlinent many years before 
Frobisher set oat upon his voj'age. This latter fact, or statement as such, 
was no doubt known lo him as well as to the rest of the enterprising men 
of bis time, which, although probably false, had the 'Effect to spur on the 
spirit of adventure in England, and resulted in the undertaking in question. 

To s«t thin malt<;r in its proper light, the following passage from Sir 
Uamphrey Gilbert's oble Ireatiaej is extracted: 

" There was one Saloaterra, a Gentleman of Victoria in Spain, that cama 
by chance out of the West Indins into Ireland, [where Sir Humphrey was 
at that time serving] Anno lotJS. wlio affirmed the Northwest passage from 
rs lo Cataia, consinntly to tie heleened in America navigable. And further 
raid in the presence of Sir Henry Sidney (then lord Deputie of Ireland) in 
my hearing, that a Frier of Mexico, called Andrew Vardeneta, more than 

* In hi( index Bfsed hu " Fnbiihir or Furbakfr" 

t " Tht Hitlorit of Grtol Brilaint vndrr thi renqtuOi of Iht Bomaiu, Saxotu, Daiits aitd 
Ibnnaiu. Tbrir Originnls, Manners, Hnbits, Wiiitm, Coinen, anil Sciilea: wilh tha Snc- 
ccasions, Uni^, AcU. and leeues of the Enolibii MoHABcn:' <Tom Itlits C^bab, vnlo 
the Rflit^e of King Iames of famoua Meuobie. Thi Tliird Bdilian. Rciii«cd, entirg^id, 
and newlv coTrectcil, with sundry d«acentn of the Snxoiie Kinps, Tliclr MarringM and 
Annri. bj Iohs Spbrd." p. 1 167-B. Tho imprint is " At Iiosdon, Printed hj Iohk 
Datvsos, for GKonoB IIvmbie, and oro to be solU in Popc*-heitd Piilla™. af the MBtw 
of the White Horar. Cam PHuiligio. AoDo 163a.' Folio, 1243 pasea besides iIib In- 
dex, of about 200 more. 

( "jS Ducouru written by Sir TInDiphrev Gilhert Knight, to prone a pasange by tho 
Honhweat to Catiiuia, and ilia Eusl ladiw," in HaJtlw/t, iii. 41-3. 



F 

^H ugh' 
^^r eami 



Meiiwirt of Sir Martin Frobiaker, Knight. [Jai 



ight yeeres before his iben comming into Ireland, lold liim there, that he 
came from Mar del Sur into Germany through this Norlhweat passage) and 
Bbtiwed Saluuterm (at that time being then with him in Mexico) a Sea 
Card* made by his owne experience and trauell in that voyage, whereta 
was plainly set down and described this Northwest passage, agreeing in all 
poinU witb Ortelius mappe." 

To give the greater credibility to his statement, Vrdanetat [Urdenelal 
staled that he Itad commnnicated an account of the discovery to the king ot 
Portugal, and that the king charged him not to make it known to any na- 
tion. Because if the English knew it, " it would greatly hinder bothe the 
King of Spaine and me." 

.Mother account} of a similar kind was afterwards promulgated, which 
produced the same encouraging etfect It atattis that one Thomas Cowles, 
on Englisb seaman of Badminsler in Somersetshire, made oatb, that being 
some six years before (1573) in Lisbon he heard one Martin Chacgue, a 
Portuguese mariner, read out of a book which he had published six yearea 
before that, that twelve years before, (1556) he, Chacque, the author of tl, 
had set out of India for Portugal, in a small vessel of Ibe burthen of about 
eighty tons, accompanied by four large ships, from which he was separated 
by a westerly gale ; that having siuled among a number of islands he en- 
tered a gulf, which conducted him inio the Atlantic, in the 59th deg. of 
latitude, near T^ewfoundland, from whence he proceeded without seeing any 
more land till he fcil in with the northwest part of Ireland, and from thence 
to Libboo, where he arrived more than a month before the other four ships 
with which he set out.S 

We leave the reader now to form his own opinion of the influences which 
may have acted upon the mind of Frobisher, which caused him to under- 
take " the only thing of the world that was lell yet Tndone,"|| and proceed 
to give a summary of his voyages. 

Full journals of all Frobisher's three voyages are contained in Uakluyt; 
the first of which, "written by Christopher Uall, Master in the Gabriel," 
thus commences: 

"The 7. of lune [1576] being Thursday, the two Barks, viz, the G^riel, 
and ibe Michael, of which M-fasterj Matthew Kinderslye was Captaine, 
and our Pinnease set saile at Ratdifie, and bare down to Detford, [Dept- 
ford] and tbero we anci'ed : the cause was, that our Pinnesse burst her 
boullsprit, and Ibremast aboard of a ship that rode at Detford, else wee 
meant to have past that day by the Court then at tirenewich. 

"The 8. day being Friday, ul>out 12 of the clocke we wayed at Detford, 
and set saile all three of vs. and bare downe by the Court, where whe shotle 
oS* our ordinance and made the best show we could ; Her Maiestie Behold- 
ing tlie same, commended it, and bade vs farewell, with shaking her liaad 
at VB out of the window. Allcrward sliee sent a gentleman aboard of vs, 
who declared that her Maiestie had good liking of our doings, anil thanked vs 
for it, and idso willed our Captmne to come the next day to the Court lo 
take bis leaue of ber." 

• Chortii went by ihis nrune at lliM lime. 

t The Mine. WB are told by John Barrow, F. R, 8.. (■ftcrwards Sir Jolin Barrow, Knight, 
BOt the prcsoDt Sir John Birrow of iho AdminJly ofBoc, but liis faiber,) who BceompameiJ 
I llteeUmDu in hii voyage. 

i Barrow, Mt mpra, prononncea it "iilterlv Wm." 

t J Otnntali^al Hitl. of Vayaga into thi Arelu Regioni, ^f. By John Burrow, F. R. 
8.,(b«foredic<]|pp.B0,si. 

H Hiiktajt, ili. 86 



1*49,] Menmrs of Sir Martin Frobuher, Knight. 15 

No particolar* entry appears in the joumal of the precise lime the little 
fleet weighed at GrnveBend, but i^wa^ probubly on the following Monday, 
.IB oo Tuesday it is recorded, "beiug ouer against Gnmcsend, we observed 
"" laticude, which was 61. degrees 33, min. and llie varialioa of the Com- 
II. degreea and a halt'e." For the twelve following days nothing is 
On the 11th of July, "at a Southeast sunne we had sight of the 
land of Friesland bearing from vs West northwest 16. leagues, and rising 
like piimcles of dteeplea. and aU couered' with snowe." Here the latitudo 
was 111 deg. " We sailed lo the shoare and could find no ground at 150 
fathoms, we hoised out our boate, and Ihe Captaine with 4. men rowed to 
the »hoare to get on land, but the land lying full of yce, they could not get 
on land, and so they came aboord agwn."t 

Frobisher was now in great danger from ice, but he continued to press 
onward in his discovery, and on the llih of August, in latitude 63 de;;. K 
nun., be dtscovereil and entered the straights which ever since buve borne 
hi* name. On the 14th of tlie same montli he " ranne into anothi?r sownde, 
wlivre we onkt^red in 8. fathome water, and there calked our ship, being 
wcMke fRKD ihe woles vpward, and took in fresh water." 

Before discovering the straits which bear his name, Frohisher met with 
feveral trying -diseouragements, such as men only like him could meet and 
ovenxme, williout changing their purpose. When he was near the coast of 
Friesland "he lost company of his small pinnesse, which by means of the 
great slorme he eupposed to be swallowed vp of the sea, wherein he lost 
unely four men. Aleo the other bart^e named the Michael mislru^ling the 
matter conueyed themselues priuily away from him, and returned home, with 
great report that he was cast away. 

'*Tbe worthy capt^ne notwithstanding these discomforts, although his 
mast was sprung, and his toppe mast bloweii ouerboord, with extreame foule 
weatlier, continued his course towards the northwest, knowing tliut the sea 
M length must needs have an ending, and that some land should baue a be- 
pnning that way." 

But we have seen his entry iuto ibe straits. " After he had passed CO ' 
into the same, he went on shore and found signs where lire liad 
ide. He saw mighty dcere that seeroed to be mankinde, which 

_ M. him, and hardly he escaped with his life in a narrow way, where 

^me fwne to vse defence and policy to saue his life." 

TTiB details and particulars of this -first voyage being few, we have com- 
pTfhendcd them almost entirely, (hus far. The remaining part consists of 
an account of the Indians, and what occurred between them and the Eng- 
lish, and is of an exceedingly interesting character; it is therefore judged 
best lo comprehend that also, 

" In this place [where Frobiaher so narrowly oscapcd from ihe deer] he 
saw and perceiued svndry tokens of the peoples i-esorling thither. And 
being ashore vpon the top of a hill, he perceiued a number of small things 
fie«ting in the sea afaiTe off, which ho supposed to be jiorposes or scales, or 
some kinde of strange fish ; but coming nearer, he diacouered them to be 

• But in " MoBlcr George Bwl's" affrountof Frohisber's royacrs (in Ilaklnyt) he says. 
'He IliyoblJiber) deparlea vpon llie bbji) voyage frotn BUcke-wull Ihe 15 of lune anno 
Doaiai l.'>76." There can lie do <1o(iljt the old journal is rigbi. and that though "Master 
Geoige Best, a Genllemnn employed in the siLtiie vojagee," did "pcna" a more full ac- 



If**" 




\ 






l(j Memoirs of Sir Martin FroUxher, Kniyht. [Jan. 

men in small bonte luatle of leather. And before he could descend downe frii 
the bill, certaine of tlio.ie people had almost cut otr his boat from him, hailing 
Blolen secretly behinde the rocks for llmt purpose, where he speedily hasted 
to liiH boat, and bent himseife to his halberd, tuid narrowly escaped the dan- 
ger and saued bis boat. Afterwards he had sundry conferences with them, 
luid they came aboord his ship, and brought him salmon and ran flesh and 
fish, and greedily deuoured the stune before our mens faces. And to shew 
their agility, they tried many masteries vpon the ropes of the ship aAer our 
mariners fashion, and appeared to be very strong of their armcs and nimble 
of their bodies." " After great curleeic, and many meetings, our mariners, 
contrary to their captaincs direction, began more easily to trust them ; and 
fiue of our men going ashore were by tbem intercepted with their boat, aiid 
were neuer since heard of to this day againe : so that the captaine being 
destitute of boat, burke, and all company, had scarcely sufficient number to 
conduct backe his Imrke againe. He could now neither conuey himseife 
ashore to rescue his men (if be had been able) for want of a lioat; and 
againe the subtile traitours were so wary, a;; they would after that neuer 
come within our mens danger. The captaine notwithstanding desirous to 
bring some token I'rom them of his being (here, was greatly discontented 
that he had not before apprehended some of thera ; and iheretbre to deceiue 
the deceiuei-3 he wronght a prety jwlicy ; for knowing wel bow they greatly 
delighted in our toys, and specially in belles, he rang a pretty cowbell, mak- 
ing signes that he would giue him the same that would come and fetch it. 
And because they would not come within his danger for feare, he flung one 
bell vnto them, which of pur[>ose he tiirew short, that it might fall into ihe 
aea and be lost. And to make them more greedy of the matter he rang a 
louder bell, bo that in the end one of them came nere the ship side to receiuu 
the bel ; which when he thought to take at the captaines hand, he was there- 
by taken himself: for the captaine being readily prouided let the bell fall, 
and cauglit the man fast, and plucked him with maine force boat and all 
into Ills burke out of the sea. Whereupon when he found himseife in 
captivity, for very clioler and disdainc he bit hi.s tongue in Iwaine within his 
mouth: notwithstanding he died not thereof, but liucd vntil he came in 
England, and then he died of cold which he had taken ut sea. 

" Now with this new pray (which was a nufficient witnesse of the cap- 
taines farre and tedious trnuell towards the vnknowen parts of llie world, 
as did well appeare by this strange infidell, whose like was neuer seene, 
read, nor heard of before, and whose language was neither knowen nor un- 
derstood of any) the sayd captaine Frobisher returned homeward, and ai^ 
riued in England in Harwich tlie 2 of October tallowing, and thence cams 
to London 1576, where he was highly commended of all men for his great 
and noble attempt, hut specially famous for the great hope he brought of the 
passage to Calaya."* 

The notion that gold ore had been discovered in this voyage has been 
adverted to. A seaman by the name of Hall brought home a stone, which 
from its singular dark color had attracted his attention. This slone acd- 
denlally fell into the hands of some sailor's wife, who threw it into the fire. 
After it was heated she poured vinegar on it, and " it glistened with a bright 
marqueset of gold." Thence it went into the hands of an asaayer of met^ 
als, and the result we have before stated. 

• " Ho hul token pMBession of lire Conntrey in right of ihc Qaepnc, and corominded hi* 
company lo bring rucry one sompwhat, in wiuii»»e or ilie «om«. One Lroaghi a 



company lo bring rucry one sompwhat, in wiuii»»e or ilie «om«. One Lroaghi a peccc oi 
blacke Stone, like a Sea-coale, nbicb waa found to hold Gold in good qnantlij."— Pmchni 



IMS.] Uettuin of Sir Martin FrobiBher, KmgU. 17 

The northwest posenge soon grew to be a mighty matter, Hnd prepara- 
tJona for » seron4 voyage were cnrried on with such gold-stimulating akc- 
fftr that all rould hy no means be nccommodiited who desired to sliara in it. 
The goveminent now look the lead. Enrly in March, 1577, a council was 
(-onvenrd » AV^estminsler, iu wliieb appeared tlie Lord Treaenrer Burloigii, 
the Lord Chamberlaine, the Earl of Leieesier, the Comptroller, (Sir James 
Crofls*) ami Secretary Walsinghatn. At this council the voyage of " Mas- 
ter Furhussher" was the topic of adminiiion, and another was energetically 
recommended, because " there is great likelihood that ihe continuanco there- 
of will be beneficial to tbe whole realme." 

With such spirit was preparation carried on, that by the 2Clh of the 
foHowing May, Frobijiher was again ready for sea, "furnished with one tall 
ship of her Maiesties, named the Ayde of 200 tunne," and two small barks, 
tbe Gabriel, and Slicbael, of about ihirty tons each. Tlie Ayde was admi- 
ntl, and bar complement of men was one hundred, "of all sorts, whereof 30 
or moer were Gentlemen and Souldiers, the rest suilicient and tall sailers." 

Sereral persons who accompanied Frobisber in this voyage were aftei- 
wsrda noted i»ptains ; especially Gilbeit Yorke, captain of the Michael, and 
Edward Fenton, captain of the Gabriel. 

ITpon his departure for hie second voya^, Frobisher was honored with 
the privilege of kissing the hand of the Queen. Our limits not allowing us 
to go further into details coocerntng it, we shall, after a tew brief notes, 
ytm to hi« third voyage. 

la this voyage CnpL Frohisher took along with him certain persons de- 
■Mainated gnld-finders. The place where the stone was found in the htst 
vo jmf i appears to have been named Hali's Island, which was within Fro- 
biaher's Straits. On arriving here tliey landed, but could not find " a piece 
■ biggs as a walnut.'t They provoked the natives and were attacked by 
Ikeoi. FtoliiskeT was himself wounded as he narrowly escaped on board 
Us boat. In York Sound ihcy had a skirmish with a party of Indians, and 
iMiftw M n ately killed Ave or six of them. Two women they took captive, 
^wbereof ibe one being old and ugly, our men thought she had been a devil 
or some wilch, and therefore let her goe." The other was a young woman 
with a child on her buck ; being mistaken for a man she wns fired upon by 
one of Frobisher's party, and the child was wounded in the arm. The 
wound was dressed by ihc English, but the mother, not knowing what such 
IrrBtmvnt meant, tore off the bandages and salves, "and with her own 
tongne. not much unlike our dogs, healed u|i" the wound. 

Krobtsher had now two captives ; a man taken a little before the women 
jnst mentioned, and the young woman with the wounded child. By means 
of tliese he obtained an intercourse once more with the natives, and learned 
frocD them that the five men lost in the former voyage were yet- living. 
Thoy agreed to carry a letter to them and to bring back an answer; noth- 
bg. however, wns ever heard of the five men, and it is more than probable 

• Sir SSmonds D'Ewes Patliirmaai of EliiabilH. 

t " They found a pTiii (Itad Fii>b, ronnii like o Poirpii. twelve fooie long, hsning s Ilorne 
of two viinlM. IsckinK two jnches, tcrowing oul of Inc Snout, wnsthcd and slraight, like 
» W»i Taper, ftinl mighl be ihoajrlit to baa Sea Unicom o. It was broken in the top, 
wliereio lotoe of tbe Siiytera utid they put Sptilers, vrliivb presontt^T died. It was rcfenied 
u a lewell by tbe Qaeenet rommBnnment. in her Wardrobe of Robes. Sneh a home wna 
imvagjtit home two yeeiva since. J16I1] found on shore in Orttnilmd b<r the Carpenter of 
Jotm ihoUi ibip, T, foot and a half lonjr, nnd sold sinre at CoDstantlnoplc, proned pood 
i^oft poiwoi: and such a one wag taken rp .d. 1^88 in the cooil of Notfoike, and sould 
bj aa ignorant woman for IS. pcnec, which proned eifeclunll against poisoni as 1 wu (old 
1^ llr. JM. AiJaion of Lecgh, who had a petee of it." — PurcAai, id. 



18 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobiiher, KnigU. [Jan. 

itiU it was all a eham on the part of the Ini^aDS, by which they hoped to 
gmin Bome advaslage over their bold and troableBome enemy. 

Up(m this afl'air with the Indians Fcrcqas has this passage: "The 
Engliah had Eome encounter with the inhabitants, which were of bo fierce 
and terrible resolution, that finding themselves woanded, they leapt off the 
Bockes into the Sea, rather than they would fall into the hands of the Eng> 
lish. The rest fled. One woman, with her child, they tooke and brought 
away. They had taken another of tbe Sauages before. This Sauage liod 
before, in the Ship seene the Picture of his Countryman, taken the yeere 
before, thought him to be aliue, and began to be o6inded that he would not 
answer him ; with wonder thinking, that our men could make men Hue and 
die at their pleasure. Bat strange were the gestures and behauiour of this 
man and the woman, when they were brought together ; which were put 
into the same cabin, and yet gaue such apparent signes of ehamefastnesM 
and chastity, as might be a ebame to Christiana to come so far shon of 

The letter intended for theatre men was dated on "Tuesday moming the 
7ifa of August, 1677." Having dispatched this Frobisher waited therea- 
boata for a return of hb messengers till tbe 23d. None come, and as the 
fieaaon was getting late, and as his commission was for procuring gold ore 
rather Utan the further discovery of a passage to the Pacific Ocean, he set 
about loading the ships with sudi din and sionee as coulil be found, (calling 
it ore.) then making bonfires on a high mount in an island where they now 
were, he fired a volley for a farewell, in honor of the Lady Anne, Conntesa 
of Warwick, (for whom he named the island,) and then set sail for England, 

Thus ended Frobisher's second voyage, unprofitable in every point of 
view ; dishonorable, even, in some points, and disgraceful in others. The 
TesMls were separued on their reinni voyage by a storm, but they all ar- 
rived at different ports in Great Britain, with the loss of but one man by 
cicknets, atid one was washed overboard. The name of the latter was WU- 
Ham SmitJt, "a young man, a very suflicient mariner," who was master of 
the Gabriel The Indian captives are presumed to have been set at liberty 
in their own country. 



I 



:ER8 TniRD VOYAGE. 

Notwithstanding the result of the second voyage of Frobisher, the Court 
seem to have been highly delighted with the report brought by those con> 
cemed in iu and (no doubt before trial was made of lAt ore) immedi' 
Btely determined thai the voyage should be succeeded by another with all 
dispatch. The Queen gave the name Meta JnciKyiita to the country vis- 
ited, and it was tvsolved lliat a culony should be sent out to inhabit there. 
No one of course thought of any man but Frobisher to conduct the colony 
to it* destined country. 

Accordingly /S/iten ships were got ready, and one humlrdi persons were 
■electeil as settlers. Thry were to remain a year, and to retain for their 
u«e three of the ships. Tht" ri>st of the tieel were to return teilJt cargoes of 
goid ort, Frobisher was now constituted General and Adntiral, and re- 
epived from the queen a gold cluiin, and hb captains were allowed to kiss 
her Minpiiy'it hand. 

FrobUhor wtiled ou his tliinl voyage from Harwich. May 30th. 1578. In 
tills vnjraiie many of his old compuniuns were found hv his side. Capb 
Kwilon was hi* Lieut. Geneml i York, Kest. I'nrow. Filpot. and many oth- 
er*, old mptains in the former voyages were also there. Thfy bad a most 
|>«riluus voyage, the ships wen MUtered, attd oue, which had on board the 



1849.] JUem<nr9 of Sir Martin Frobiahtr, Knight. 19 

tiiief pan of the frame of a house, and provisiona for the settlers, vias 
(niUi«d b; mountains of ice and sunk immediately, but the people were 

IThen the etiipa were at length assembled, their commaDders were so be- 
wildered by fog^T mist and snow, that thej were in extreme doubt where 
ihey were. But nothing could discourage Frobislier, and "be perswaded 
ihfl Fleelo atwayed that they were in their right course, and luiowen 
tnigfats.'* And however he was thought to di^emble, he sooa coiidui;ted 
diMn to the Countess of Warwick's Sound in the Strait. 

Ii ir&a intended to settle the colony on the Countess of Wam-ick's Island, 
lat tHking a surrey of the effects Jbr its support and sustenance, it was 
iMDd tliat so mucii had been lost that it was judged by the Admiral inex- 
pedient to make the attempt. Nothing therefore could further be done but 
nfrei^t the ships with ore and then make the best way they could bock 
ID EflglaAd. They had a stormy passage homeward, but tlie c^ief of them 
vriTdd in various ports in England about the beginning of October, 1578. 
About foKy persons had died during the expediiion, which was a large pro- 
poiiioD of tlie original number, which consisted of one hundred and forty- 
three. 

Ii wu pretended that gold was found among the rubbish brought home, 
ind the ore (as it was called) was put in sitfe keeping in the queen's slore- 
booM un Tower Hill. Extensive works were erected for assaying and re- 
ftaing, and the most able assayers were employed in them. For some tine 
very extravagant reports were abroad concerning the richness of the ore, 
sad ih« great per cent, it yielded. The truth appears to be. that those con- 
CCTBcd, on finding themselves in possession of a great quantityf of dirt and 
ftones of no value whatever, to avoid immediate and popular obloquy, kept 
ip the idea for a time that the rubbish was actually producing gold. Such 
MrtJ en ce had obtained abroad, that even the old chronicler of the time, 
HoliBfbed, put it down as his belief that Solomon must have got his gold 
bun the same place whence Frobisher brought this rich ore! 

How Frobisher employed his time for the next seven years nothing re- 
■iini of which we are at all aware, that can inform us. We have, there- 
ftn, lo pasa over the intermediate years, from 1578 to 1385, which brings 
W Vt the BtupendouB enterprise ag^nst the dominions of PiiiLiP II., in the 
WeM Indies, in which he was engaged. Meantime a great excitement was 
kept np by one signal event after another, which pervaded the whole realm, 
aaong all ranks and conditions of men. Elizabeth had dared lo aid the 
Nellieriands in its resistance lo the cruel oppressions of the Spaniards in 
tkat quarter, and an Englishman had sailed quite round the world, to the 
adunUkm of all mankind, and the astonishment of believers in its pracCl- 
(afailiiy themselves. And, from the known character of Frobisher, we 
of his active participation whenever his counsel or sword was 



iMDind. 
to 1585, 



1585, Philip IL had virtually declared war against Englatid by an 

cabftrgo on all the vessels, men, and merchandise of that country in his 

ytna. Whereupon one of the most powerful Heels that had ever sailed out 

rf England was prepared to reduce the Spaniards in South America and 

I ihr West Itidiea. It consisted of twenty-five ships and two thousand three 

I bmdred aeamen and soldiers. Of this fleet Sia Francis Dkake was 

I *ib: 

1 TAh 



■bklgyLiii. Ita. 

" - -■ ' ■ hiindral ions wu [he produce of tho third rojagt. — Bamm, tht 



I 



20 Memoirs of Sir Martin Frobishtr, Knight. [Jan. 

appoiated General and Admiral, Capt. Martiw Frobisheb Vice Admi- 
ral, Fbancis Knolles Rear Admiral, and Chkisto^zeb Caiu.eii.l wai 
Lieutenant General of the land forces. 

The accounts of this espedition, while they give our Admiral due credit 
in general terms, give us no particulara or incidents with wbich i« elucidate 
Ilia liiography. The particular bistory of the enterprise belongs to tbo life 
of Drake. Suffice it to gay, it was cotnpletely successful. St. Jago, Gai^ 
Ihagena, St. Domingo, and St. Augustine were reduced, a spoil of XGO.OOO 
in money was taken, two hundred brass and forty iron cannon were brought 
to England. 

The time employed in this expedition was about ten months. The fleet 
sailed on (he Hth of September, 158f>, and returned to England the 26th 
of July, 15S6. After Drake and Frobisher bad taken St, Augustine in 
Florida, they sailed to Virginia, where, finding the colony in distress, they 
took the people into their sliips, at their request, and carried tlieux to Eng* 
land. In the voyage with Drake, Frobisher commanded a ship called ths > 
PritJiTose. 

We next meet with Capt. Frobisher early in 1588. The war with Spain 
was approachiiig a crisis. The great struggle was between papist and 
protestant. Complete annihilation of the heretics of England was conhdenily 
anticipated by all papal Europe. Frobisher was one among the foremost 
who stood up to breast the threatened storm. Philip had prepared an im- 
mense navy with which to attack England. To this he gave the name of 
the Invinable Armada. Lord Howard was the nominal commander of the 
English fleet, and in writing to the queen he mentions Frobisher and othen 
as "men whom the world doth judge of the greatest experience that this 
real me lialh." 

When the Spanish fleet arrived on the English coast, it was drawn up 
in order of battle. Frobisher was one of the lliree commanders who in the 
most undaunted manner began (he attacli upon it. His separate achieve- 
ments are but indifferently recorded, but in his first onset a sensible impres- 
sion was made on the Spanish galeous ; some being crippled and others 
dispersed. Soon after, the English fleet was divided into squadrons, the 
command of one of which was giien to Frobisher. Such were his immedi- 
ate services, that the Lord High Admiral knighted him on board of his own 
ship, as he did also Capt. John Hawkins at the same time. He was one 
of the very few knights created during this memorable invasion by ike 
Spaniards, if indeed there were any others made during the expedition, 
saving himself and his valiant companion in arms just mentioned. 

The naval operations of the English against the Armada commenced in 
May and ended in August The discomfiture of the Spaniards was rooet 
complete. Out of one huruUed and tkirty-//ntr sail (ninety-one of which 
were immense ships, then called "galleons") only Uiirty-tJtree ever returned 
to .Spain. In men their loss was more deplorable : upwards of thirteen 
thmuand fioe hundred either fell in battle, perished by famine, or were 
swallowed up by shipwreck! 

The rejoicing in all parts of England at this signal deliverance was un- 
boanded ; shows, bonfires, and processions lasted many days. The streets 
of London were decorated in the most superb manner that could be devised 
to honor the heroes who walked in proud procession along them. Fro- 
bisher was conspicuous there — it was the proud day of his life." 

et idea orthoto doings and days would do well lo read 



IM».] Mmoirt of Sir Martin Frobinher, KnigU. 21 

The next }t«rwe find Sir Munin cruiaiog upon ihe coast of lie Kether- 
aii, appnrendy to watch tht' ticCioai of the Spaniards, anil to give intelli- 
lire should there be anj appearance of another Armada, which eome 
■DtH'ipaied. Several of the letters which he wrote while on this serrice 
ue tfitant, bot their orthography is straiiger than any thing we have ever 
DM with, even of That age, and their substance, eo far as can be guessed 
mti. rf BO very great importance. 

In 1590 he stuled to the coast of Spain with a fleet of Ave sbipH. mniniis- 
imed by the queen as Admiral. The chief object of the expedition wan 
Id inteivept the Spanish treasure ships, but none could be dis4Xivered. King 
ftSvp was <aware of the intentions of Frobisber, and he ordered twenty 
dip* to be got ready to proceed in (juest of him. His fleet actually put to 
■^ bat learning: that five other English ships, under Sir John Hawkins. 
•*re also cruising in aid of Frobisher, Philip sent aXlKt and recalled his 
hft, being ** belter advised (says Monson*) thaa to adventure twenty of his 
(bpe lo ten of ours." 

Before returning to England FrobiKher slocid over lo the Azores. Here 
b ecni a trumpet to the governor of Fayal "in a friendly manner" upon 
■IBM ]>ect)niary business, bat the messenger was fired upon, and probably 
blleil. as Krobisher sent the governor word that the city should suffer ae- 
Ibr ttie barbarous conduct he bod received. He titen departed for 



In 1592 Sir Alartin Frobisher was sent to recall Sir Walter Raleigh 
fitn an expedition he had undertaken ^lainst Soutli Atnerica. and to lake 
Nmiiiand of Sir Walter's fleet himself; which consisted of fifieen ships. 
Daring this enterprise one immensely rich carrack was taken ''with a pro- 
deiuue sbiaghter" of its men. It was called the Madre de Dios, (Mother 
of God) and was one hundred and sixty feet in lenglh, of one thousand 
01 bandred tons burthen, with a crew of sis hundred men. In her was 
fiHmd treasure to the value of £150,000 sterling, besides what was plundered 
W tbe English sailors. 

Spain bad formed a league with France, and Fhilip had sent three ihou- 
Had m«n for the protec^n of Brest The faction in France in league with 
SpatD consisted of the Catholic French, who had revolted from their king. 
To aid Henry against these revollers and their abettors, Elizabeth sent Sir 
John Norris at the head of three thousand men to besiege Brest, and Sir 
Uartin Frobisher with a fleet consisting of four of lier own ships and sev- 
Ful uihvrs, to support Norris, This was the last expedition in which Fro- 
buhcr waa engaged. In a joint attack made by the forces under liim and 
thiwe under Norris upon Fort CroKon, Sir Martin received a wound in bis 
vie, from the effects of which be died, as before related. 

The Kngliah took the fort, but with a wretched sacrifice of life, at which 
Kliiabeth was much grieved She wrote to Norris complaining of bis rash. 
OMd* 'bat (says Camden) this Letter came too late."t In storming this 
piac« the barbarity of the English was equal to the prodigality of their 
twn lives. " During the beat of this Siege (says our author) D'AumoTU 
nd Xbrrii thought good to undermine the Eastern Bulwark ou timt Side 
vbere the French were posted, and to blow it up : which took effect, and 

red a great Breach. Now they fall upon the Fort on all sides. La- 
i, SmiUt and others, with the English, stormed the Western Bulwark, 
ibild the French set upon the Eastern, and the rest the Wall betwixt both 

* t<aral Ttactt. 

». — Jimala rtnan ^itigticarmi, etc., i 



r 



A Word to ModerrUzers. [J^. 



on the Soath ; and this lasted Trom Noon till four of the clock. At length 
the English made themselves Masters of the Western Work, and Tkotnaa 
de Parades, the commander of the Spaniards, being slnin, entered the Fort, 
plucked down the Spanish Flags, and opened an entrance for the rest, who 
put the Garrison Souldiers, in number about 400, to the Sword, and laid 
the Fort level with the Ground." " Neither was this Victory gotten by 
the English nithout Bloud : many valiant Souldiers being slain, and Sir 
Martin Forlnsher wounded with a small shot in the hip, who brought back 
the Fleet to Plymoutli, and there died. A valourous and stout man be was, 
and to be reckoned among the famousest men of our age for Counsell and 
Conduct, and Glory gotten by Narall Exploits, as what I haue before 
spoken of him plainly apijcarelh." 

There i« an entry in the register at Plymouth of his death, but no monu- 
ment any where to his memory. His hody, alter being erabowelled, (a cus- 
tom of those days) was sent U) London for intermenL A portrait of him is 
said to be in the picture gallery of Osibrd. There was an engraved por- 
trait of him published a few years after his dealh, and is coniained in the 
Heroology. It is from this we have caused our copy to be taken. We 
have no doubt of its faithfulness, and it fully justifies the character given of 
him by the early writers. 

Although the name of Frobisher is not less poetical than many others 
often met wilh in poetry, yet we scarcely remember to have met with his 
above two or three times in our limited reading of that class of authors. 
Among the commendatory effusions poured out upon Captain Joetn Smith, 
and published in his curious book of "Trve Travels, Adventvrea," &.c., our 
discoverer comes in for a share, in the following lines: 



i 



Prom Tar fstcht Iitdiit, and Virginia's sovle. 
Here Smtih is comB U> sliew bis Art and 'skill. 
Be was the Smith thai hammered faminB fojle, 
And on Poahalarit Empcraur had tiia will. 
Though first Columbta, btdui true CAnKo/er,* 
CaboU bmno Floridtt, much admirer ; 
JUrfa IneogmiB, rare Martin FrobU/ttr; 
Oilbtrli hraue Hunmhrry, Keplunes denourer; 
Capuune .Anadtf , Balei^ht discoarer; 
Sir Richard GrtmiU, Ztlandi braue coaster: 
Drakr, doomts, drowne, death, Spaina acomw; 
Goaiolds Relates, Pring prime ohserver. 
Though those be gone, and lelt behiode a aame, 
Yet Smith is hem to An rile out a pecce 
To after Ages, and eternal] Fame, 
That ve mav haae the goldea laioiu Seece. 
He ViJcan like did forge a ime Flanlation, 
And chain'd their Kings to his immorlall glorji 
Restoring peace and plcntie to the Nation, 
Begaioing honor to this wortfav S1017. 



A WORD TO MODERNIZERS. 
The old style of composition, without the old mode of orthography to con- 
vey its meaning, is a falsification of the times of the original. To alter an 
original to suit modern orthography is to bastardize a performance ; such is 
neither the original author's [>roduction, nor can the raodemizer with de- 
cency olium it It always reminds us of that couplet of Pojie, beginning 
"As heavy mules are neither horse nor " 



1M9.] Indian War Paperi. 



INDIAN WAR PAPERS. 



f OraL Froet and eergnt neall 

G«ni«ltaen I thgught to have mett with yon here at maior Sheply'a 
[StiAplegii} bul noderstandng the guns were herd about Slargeon Creeck 
il is well you looke your march as you did — my datier and order is that 
yoo gnriaon you owne house with 10 men and doe your beste now the 
now is TpoD the groud which will be Aduantadge upon ther tracl<!i. Your 
letter I reaened about garrisoning your house. We have a party of men 
fpOB jour ude comanded by goodman banmore (?) and John wingut 
[ffii>gBte?3 and Joseph Fild are going out this night: and in Case you 
vnit neo goe to the garrisons aboue and especially Samon fauU and take 
■Ma for BDj expedition : and all the Comanders of the garrisons are hereby 
ayicr d to Atand your order herin an'l this shall he your surficant wan 
dated tbie 8 nomber 1675 about 3 oclofk. 

Your eervent Richard Waldem 
Sergent Maior 
J iatend god willing to be at 
nadiwanack to morrow morning 
ikeifor would dasier to her from you 
Rr W. 



II. 
Instructions for Capt. Charles Frost 

Ton must lake notice that the party of souldiers now sent you are de- 
t^nl clieifely for the defen:^ of Yorkeshtre & the dwellinges on the upper 
puts of Pascatay. You are therfore principally so to improve them, by 
joat constant marches about the borders of Wells, Yorke, Nochiwannick 
Coeheebo Eietcr llaueril &c. as yuu ehal have intelligence of the ene- 
Biei* motion, whom you are upon every opportunity without delay to per- 
ne Ic endeavor to lake Capteve, kill &, destroy 

BaTiDg notice of any partie of the enemy at any fishing place or other 
Koderons yon shall lay hold on such opportunity to assault the enemy. 

If yon fthall nnderaland the enemy to be too numcraus for your smal 
fMlie jon shall advise w"' Major Wuldemo and desire his Assistance to 
ftaiMli Toa w* a greater force for a present service, but if you judg (be 
e|i|M>rtuuity or advantage may be lost by such a delay you shall for a pres- 
tU service require the tuhahitants or garrison souldiers of the place where 
yoa ttn or so many as may he necessary for you & safe for the place iine- 
Aueljr to attend you upon such present service for destroying the enemy. 

h all roar motions & marches, silence & tipeed will be your advantage 
fe wearity. 

Too mtnt supply yoiir present wants of victuals & amunition for your 
mUkw oot of the townes t places where you come, especially from Ports- 
MDtK to whom I have writt for that end, & if a larger supply be wanting 
]m ihal give notice thereof to my selfe or the Govern' ic Counsel 

Tbe Mceasity & distress of those parts & confidence of your Courage &. 
niMij doe require your utmost activity in the management of this busi- 
>««• w"^ spending needelesa expensive delayes up and be doing & the 
loH pracfier yoot endeavors 



4 



K Indian War Papers. [Jan. 

You slinll from llmo to time givii iDtelligence of all occurrences of mo- 
niuiit U> Miyor Walilunw, & my aelfe, & as mnch aa may be w"™" jireju- 
dico of llio iorvici! advUe w"" Miyor Waldernu & the GeotehuL-n of Forta- 
iiiuuth upon whom you muat principally depend for your present supplyes 
[Tliuri follows in another hand:] 

for Charles Froet 

ThuKo iir till! Instructions ReeelveJ from y* Maj" Generall at the game 
time n* his OnmixH of April! 1G77 Sc delivered to him the 13!^ according 
to oHvr 

Youre Kob' Tike 

Serg' 

III. 

To Cupt Charles Frost 

You am hereby Required in hia Miy**" niune W Impresi^e six able Soul- 

dler* oillior of yo' Own town or others compk'atly ffitled w"" Armes & Am- 

uuition to Allond y' Si-rvice of y' Country in yo' Garrison or otherwise aa 

j-ou *liail wo meet, k tliia ahull be yo' sufficient War" from 

Richard Waldern Sei^et maior 
i: May 1677 

IV. 

of UayiM. To SUjor Charles Ffrost 

Instructions as foUoweth. 
Panamnt to tha Cwaiision signed, & bearing same dale with these 

T«i «r« witk all car* & «|>««d to hasten pthering of your Soldjers to- 
g<Mkwr. awl in «B»e Oip'. Siiaoa Wilkrd )m in any «ts« disiuabled that he 
mm' attend t* ^rrvict; yoa an to eowtsMooale mih otber meet person aa 
jwi ikaU JoJge BHcL & a^oyM all Mfaerodken m ygo sliall have occ»- 

Tm iMl ■ ai yhew * V aO «»«8 Jb maMs to toot power take,- 
UlA4Btfnf]r«M^wiilMt b^Mtaa of phK* w liioe as you shall 
haw affanwi^. Jfc m ar lAn i f W»T«J M ta—ininrme any odicr 
UMiaaryaa t lafcAattfc 

Tn ikal wgrfyh Jwiaait aD te OariuM te y* PlwiMC, fe rafae** 
*M<aawk • aMaWt Ik aMjrM wck iteas as iMI » ye^ w L ii iM. 
Tji ii rn aifca ^ a m nm m aC *« ftifK * ;* y* pnt chaige aaw 

OiTiWlM w>»j*Cb & ae 

aTCM ^ 






In 



TAWC Ife M!^ K^t^I 



I 









1M9.] Jkdim War P(^per$. 26 

V. 

Province of 

Maioe Scarborough the 11*^ Nou' 1689. 

Att a Coondll of warr held at the point Grarrison Present Mig' Benje- 
Den Charch, Cspt Sjlvantu Daais, Capt W^. Bassitt, Capt Simon Wii- 
\udf w^ the Rest of y* Comission Ofiecers of Saco, Ffelmoath & Scarbo- 
rough 

Itt is Ordered that one hundred theire Majesties Horses now in this 
preseht Exspedition against the Goman Enimie, be detatched out of the sen- 
erall Companyes, w^ s* numb' for y* security of y* Garrisons there Resi- 
dent, k in Case any of y* Enemie be discovered or Any tracks of them be 
Bade m this winter Season, untfll further force be sent that may Advance 
to theire head Quarters. 

Souldiers Quartered in y* towne Ship of Saco twenty men ; in theire two 
Garrisons. In y* township of Scarborough twenty men in theire Garrisons 
Tiz : three Sperwink Included. 

Ffelmouth the 18 Nou': Att a Counci^l of Warr held in persuance of w* 
is above written, by Maf . Benjamen Church & the officers aboves'. Added 
Cipt Nath^ Hall, Leiut Thaddeus Clark, Leiut Elisha Andrews, :M' Elishn 
Giilison, Liciut George Ingersoll, Leiut Ambrous Davis, ItP. Rob^ Law- 
rance, M'. Jn* Palmer & oth" &c. 

Itt is ordered that sixty soul^jers be Quartered in Felmouth, besides the 
Inhabitentd, and, the Souldjers that shall Belonge to the ffoart, w^^ shall be 
ffifteen Souldjers besides the Comander & Guner, & y* Reraayncr to be 
leot to Boston, to be Ready to Retume Accordinge to Order. 

Itt is Ordered that there be A Sufficiant Garrison Erect^ about M' Gal- 
lisoDs house for a mayne Court of Guard, Together w^ M' Rob' Lawrance. 
his Garrison, w*^ two Grarrisons are to be supplyed with y* Sixty Souldjers 
left for to guard the i^ towne. 

Itt is Ordered that Capt Nath° Hall is to take Charge as Comand' in 
Cheife of those fibrces tlmt are lefft for the defence of the Above s^ three 
Townes, Those Souldjers that belong to ffoart Loyall only to be und' the 
Comand' of said ffoart. 

Ordered that Leiut Rich^ Huniwell, is to Take the Charge & Conduct of 
the twenty Souldjers quartered at Blew-point Black point & Spurwinck 
Garrisons, as he the s^ Leiut Huniwell, shall Rccaive orders from time to 
dme from y* s^ Comand' in Cheife. 

Itt is Oniered that Ensigne John Hill is to take the Care and Conduct 
of those twenty Souldjers Quartered at Saco Grarrison as the s^ Ensigne 
Hill shall Recaive orders from time to time, from his s^ Comand' in Cheife. 

lit is Ordered that y* fforty Souldjers posted att Saco, Scarborough 6c 
Spurwinke are to 'be obedient unto y* Colnanders of y* severall Garrisons 
where they shall be posted whilst in Garrison, but to Atend the Comands of 
Lriot Huniwell & Ensigne John Hill respectively as they are Concerned 
ipoD theire scoutinge or marchinge out: 

Given und' my hand this 

14* of Nouemb': 1689 : By Concent of efl: Council! 

p mee 
Benjamin Church 

Comand' in Cheife* 
[To be coQtinaed.li 

2 



S6 Mim^lhumm. ffm. 



INDIAN SUMMER. 

Ai connected with the history of the Indian Wars of the western ooiintTy, 
it may not be amiss to give an ezplanatjon o{the term ^Indian Summer. 

The reader must here be reminded, that during the long continued ~ 
Wars, sustained by the first settlers of the western country, they enjoyed no 
peace excepting in the winter season, when, owing to the severity of the 
weather, the Indians were unable to make their excursions into the settle- 
ments. The onset of winter was therefore hailed as a jubilee by the eaily 
inhabitants of the country, who throughout the i4)ring and the early part of 
the fall, had been cooped up in their little uncomfortable forts, and subjeet 
to all the dbtresses of the Indian War. 

At the approach of winter, therefore, all the fanners excepting the owner 
of the fort, removed to their cabins on their farms, with the joyful feeling* 
Off a tenant of a prison on recovering his release from confinement. AU was 
bustle and hilarity in preparing for winter, by gathering in the com, digging 
potatoes, fattening hogs, and repairing the cabins. To our forefathers the 
gloomy months of winter were more pleasant than the zephyrs of spring 
and the fiowers of May. 

It however sometimes happened, that ailer the apparent onset of winter, 
the weather became warm, the smoky time commenced, and lasted for a 
considerable number of days. This was the Indian Summer ; because il 
aflbrded the Indians an opportunity of visiting the setUemcnts with their 
destructive warfare. The melting of the snow saddened every countenance, 
and the general warmth of the sun chilled every heart with horror. The 
apprehension of another visit from the Indians, and of being driven back to 
the detested fort, was painful in the highest degree, and the distressing ap- 
prehension was frequentiy realized. 

A man of the name of John Carpenter was taken early in the month o( 
March, in the neighbourhood of this place [Welbburgh, Ya.] There had 
been several warm days, but the night preceding his capture there was a 
heavy fall of snow. His two horses which they took with him, nearly par- 
iahed in swimming the Ohia The Indians as well as himself suffered se- 
verely with the cold before they reached the Moravian towns on the Mns- 
kingum. In the morning afler the first day's journey beyond the Moravian 
towns, the Indians sent out Carpenter to bring in the horses which had been 
turned out in the evening, after being hobbled. The horses had made a 
circuit, and had fallen into the trail by which they came the preceding day. 
and were making their way homewanls. 

When he overtook the horses and had taken off their fetters, as he said 
he had to make a most awful decision. He had a diance, and hardly a 
diance, to make his escape, with a certainty of death should he attempt il 
without success. On the other hand, the horrible prospect of being tortored 
to death by fire presented itself; as he was the first prisoner taken thai 
spring, of course the general custom of the Indians of burning the first pris- 
oner every spring, doomed him to the fiames. 

After spending a few minutes in making his decision, he resolved on a^ 
tempting an escape, and effected it by way of forts Laurens, M'Intosh, and 
Pittsburgh. If I recollect rightiy, he brought both his horses home witi 
him. This happened in the year 1782.-^ Ihddridge's Notes on the Settie- 
ment and Indian Wars ofAe Western RtrU of Virginia and Penmykm 
mo, p. 265-8. 



im.} 



Tht PtMe TamOy. 



THE PEASE FAMILY. 
(Br FknntOK S. Puh of AUmht, N. T., nembu of Uia N. E. Hi*l. Q«aul. Socl 





W 



The indent amis of Pease are here represented, having been presenrcd 
in tbe bnnch of which Joaepb Robinson Pease is a memW, and used as a 
fmHj aeal for one himdied »nd fifVy ^ears, viz: 

Per hua Argent and Gules, an Eagle displaced cotmterchaoged. 

Crest — An Eagle's head erased, the beak holding a stalk of Pea-hanlm, 
■B pcofwr. Said to signify that the peiaon to whom it was granted had 
hecn • oonunuder, but not in chief.* 

OBiatK OF THK ITAlU.t 

So mblle are the dnes which guide na in tracing oot the origin of family 
MBMS that in man; cases it seems impossible to arriTe at anj positive con- 
(hwinn But in the present case it seems highly probable, ttuit while the 
name waa varioaslf rendered into English, in some instances it retained its 
Gdtie appellation ; and the transforatation of Pe^ into Peas, as ihe name 
mm «Aen fbond in early records, and Pease being so -very easy and natural, 
ikit fi>r the want of a better derivation, we ought not to hesitate (o adopt 
ttii aa the most probable one.} 

Tbie name has always been common in England ; but as there were no 






tan (Its a my Mrtain cine lotbe origin of Ibenime of ibebeiTBr, efpedany 
KML May act As name of tbi* braUr ta doiTed Aom tba plant lo con- 
U matt andent una 1 If the indindoal.wbo introdoeed that nln^le esen- 
or bttn btdug Ibe first lo coltinis it mcGeufatlj, look in iujim^ Ik ii 
§■• N IS Daoaral dian a llnoMnd Nspoltons. — Ei>. 
tTWaaAochavlBR dw saaie secoaot fVoro iha Colliob ov Auis npon the origin ol 
haa^MniASaaaibstwakaTC pnal«dfor.FB«BODT, (in oar kst ToUme, p- 103, Ac.) 
IbsMassasMHarroahr lo refer to that euiioatpspcT. — Ed. 
IThal Is, At «»«ttfr«« ftaa As paps rslkmd tt la Dm last nota.-EB. 



28 



Tkt Pem» Famify. 



LJm- 



parish registen kept prior to 1570, no particalars can be learned preTiou^ 
to that date. The earliest record that can be found is, that John Pease mar- 
ried Margaret Wilson, at the Holj Trinity Church, Hall, June 9th, 1588. 



John 



AoiM, 

bwliMd at HaU, 

STjuMjlfiBI. 



I 



Goomof] 



Hall, 



RoMtt m. Anne Rlrhaidion, 
SI Jan., 1688, wms Chamberlain 
•r HnU, 1680. Hla wift died 8 
Jan., 1601. 



A**t* n. Wn. ^RioniMon 

•r Halnmpfeooj [?] IE* zork, fhim 

whom deecended Lord Wenloek. 



SamiMl 



Eobart, b<mi 
10 July, 1648, 
««! 10 Feb., 
1790. 



Srther CMHotd. 
at AmBterdaB, 17 
Not.. 1670, who 
died 17 May, 1786. 



Anne m. John Leech r 
Alderman of Chesler, 
a Tery old flunUhr from 
SdwardllL 



O^onpe 
b. 16 Mot., 
1688, died 
174a. 



IQIabeih Randall 
of Cork, and UTod 
afc Umeriek. 



Jolin, 
bom 
1685, 
drUB7. 



William, 
b.2Mar., 
1687, d. 10 
Jan.. 1747, 

Anifleidani. 



Joeeph, bom 80 Not., 1688. 
came to Hull 1708, 
liriied his Bank 17&4, 
Mary Turner of HalL 10 
Marehr 1717, d. 11 March, 
1778.* 



Ilobert (V>poUnd, 
bora 8 l>«o., 1717. 
d. 10 March, 1770. 
Danker. 



I 



18 Sep., 1790, 
m. InwreiM* 
J<^ieoQ. 



Mary, «» Robert Robinaon 
bom U^ of Maneheeler, 10 
January, Apiil,1761. 



I 



Anne Twlcgi, 
r,l^ 



20 May, 



Joaeph, ^ 
b. 16 V>h., 

nOL lirM 

totake thf* 

name of Peaae 1778, banker, 

diedSBMareh, l«yr. 



Robert, died in 
Inlkncy. 



PMM,dfadinr 
inJknoy. 



Joeeph Robinaon m. Harriet Clifford, a Oeorge. 
Walker, 1818. bachelor. 



I 



Anne. Charlotte: miry. 8vnh 



It appears that about 1660, Mr. Robert Pease emigrated to Amsterdam, 
and died there. His son William lived with him and died without issue. 
George Pease settled at Limerick, married and died without* issue. Joseph, 
eke Toungest son, came to Hull, (whore the family h^ resided for some 
fenerations,) in 1708. His descendants, Joseph Robinson Pease and fam-^ 
1^. ftill reside in that neighbourhood. 

JiMvph Robinson Pease is successor in the bank that was established in 
■lA kr Joseph Pease, his great-grandfather, in 1754. His residence is 
SIfwfieiraxI, near Hull. His late father's connections are among the large 
*laiiBit£ Mprietors in Staffordshire, and his mother's among those in Derby* 
^tfh. BB> own are amongst some of the most highly respected landed pro- 
wnHtiRf u £«Bt YoriLshire. His youngest brother, a clergyman, and two 
4-Sr Blffttfct Peel*s brothers, married sisters. 

CVrv jcv Mveral fiimilies, respectable yeomanry, in the neighboarbood 
^ tftomwcur Md P^Mitaflraet* There is another highly respectc^la bimneh 
i^mMHic ^ tft» coonly of Durham. 

^jMMr ITsiim ^ Imington, who is a preacher of the society of Friends, 
,^ .^ ^nach of which he is a member has been located in Darling- 

and the first of the name who settled there 



# Q^Hrily pioMMQid A«0^, in Sn^^nd.— £». 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

For "and used aa a femily seal for one himdred nnd fifty years," 

n«d " vho bsB lettere one hundred and fifty yeora old, which 

bear ihe impresB of this Heal." 

7-98, For "no imrisii registerB," read "no rtgviar parish repslera." 

For " Anne m. Wm. Thompson of Halumpton," read " Hulmpton." 

For "Robert Coptland, bom 3 Dec. l?!?." read "Roliort." 

For " Joeeph = Anna Twigg*," raad "Joseph Robinson = Aim* 

Twiggc* 
For " Clifford, a baduhr," read " = Sarah Cookson." 
Read "George M. A, (in holy orders) = Jane Swinfenof Swinfen." 
Read "Anne = CoLMaiater, EasI York militia." 
Read "Charlotte = CapL Maaon, R. N. 
', third line. For "Joseph," read "Joseph, Jun." 

na ^n BsniuL or RosnT Pun, dued The sgi 

/'/ /'''3 The sign manual of Edwaiu> Pxabe 

//j/gj/ e4/i^(/g f, ,dX y "'^ Darlington, al about the age of 70, 
/ i^^^ 'W,t-Ctj«M,^ wlioae iiiind first practically graapod the 

\_^ question of improved communication by 

■wns of K public railway; and by wiioac influence and means it waa carried 
into •QC«««snil operation — he having been chnirniBn of the Board of Directors. 
The SiockioD and Darlingtoii Raimay was opened in 1825 (See Vol. U, page 
VS^ From it roeq George Stephenson, the first English railway engineer, who 
MM Mlected by Mr. Pease, when an obscure engine-wright at Killingwotth 
OtlBnj; 10 which, and his own native genius, he owed his subsequent ccte- 
ta)^. Blr. P. is now in his 83d year, and unusually vigorous; devoting his 
Dme to phitaulhropic objects, and tbe service ot the Society of Friends. 

The sign manual of Joseph Peask Junior, 
son of Edward Pease of Darlington. (He bad 
an uncle Joseph.) He was cbosen the repre- 
sentative of the south division of the eoun^of 
Durham, about tbe close of the year 1833. 
Tim Reform bill had just passed, and tjje elec- 
tors were determined to select a man in place 
of the sons of ihe nobili^, for their future re- 
presentative, and succeeded beyond all exjwc- 
tation; (he votes sunding for Pease S373, tbe 
■m Utfbeflt SS18, and the lowest 1S4I. This was considered a great triumph 
hf dke Ubei«l party; for the other two not only professed m some degree tho 
■me political sentiments, but were of the aristocracy, and supported by that 

Hie election of a " Friend," or, as be was sometimes called, " the Quaker 
nember," was quite an event; an<l some urged that the simple declaration or 
sftrmation would not be accented, and that lie could not take his seat. He 
waa, however, admitted into the house teithotU the /ormality of an oalh (which 
be bad declared be would not lake) by acclamalioo. At that time, also, being 
pnriouB to tl»e penny postage, e\ery member could receive a certain number 
of kttera, and fbrword a cerliun number tree of postage ; but to prevent traud, 
tbey were required to write the date and direction in fiill, in their own hand. 
Here another objection arose: some declaring that the Friends' plain way of 
■ipeiecribing would not frank n letter. Here again the liberal spirit of the day 
triiunpbed, and a Friend as member, and a Friend's frank, ceased to be a cu- 
rioMly. He continued lo be returned for each successive (Hirliament after thifl, 
bnag a veiv good and induatriouis member, imtU he declined on account of the 
pnMura of duties at honie. [To r>cc pace *8> mi. u ) 




J 



1849.] The Fea$e WamOf. 29 

from the West Riding of the county ef York. ATilkige betiveen the towns 
«f Pontefrad and Barnsly, named Scarcroft, was ooce pointed out to him 
«s the abode of his ancestors. His brother Joseph, also a member of that 
«>det7, has been several times returned to Parliament for the southern 
dlTision of the county of Durham. Also, Edward Pease of Darlington, a 
member of the society of Friends, who has the credit ef designing and es- 
tablishing the Stockton and Dariington Railway, the first one in England** 

No connection as yet can be established between the ancestors of the 
family in this country and the name in England, although there is no doubt 
of the fact of such connection. 

The following arms have been home by different branches of the family: 

Pease (Hull, county ef York.) Vert, a Chevron between three Bucks 
trippant Or, in the middle Chief point a Bezant on a Chief per fesse Ga. 
sod Ar. an Eagle displayed counter changed. 

Crest, an Eagle's head erased, holding in the beak a slip of Pea-haulm 
ppr. 

Pease (as borne by Robert Copeland Pease, Esqr., of Gttery St Mary, 
foanty of Devon,) son of Joseph Pease and Mary Turner, 'born 3 Dec, 
1717. died 10 March, 1770. 6u. a Saltire Ar. between four Plates, eaok 
^barged with a Leopard's face ppr. 

Crest, a Leopard's head guardantoeaped at the seek holding m the mouth 
1 ffword barways ppr. collared Az. 

Pease (London, granted to Robert Pease, <3ent, 1768.) Per pale Gru. 
and Vert, a Fesse indented, Erminois (between three Lambs pass. Ar. 

Cre^t. on a Mount Vert a Dove rising, Ar. holding in the beak Ghi. a 
Pfa-stalk, the blossoms and pods ppr., legs as the beak. — Bwrke^t Eney, 
^ Htraidnf. 

Pease (S'x George Pease, 1642.) As. a Ckevron between three Loa- 
•ages Or. 

Crest, a Leopard's head erased ppr. languid 6u. 

Those of the name who came first to this country were John and Robert 
Pease ; and their arrival has been variously accounted for by history and 
tradition as follows, viz: 

One traditionary account is, that in the fall of 1632, or a year or two 
(ster, a vessel bound from England to South Virginia, fell in with the soatk 
sboal of Nantucket, came up through the Vineyard sound and anohored off 
Cape Poge, on account of a distemper which, like a plague, raged among the 
passengers and crew, twenty-five of whom died. Or, according to another 
•eeount, scarcity of provisions was the occasion. Four men with their fam- 
ilies, requested to be put on shore, preferring rather to take their chance 
with the natives, than to pursue the voyage under such distressing circumr 
stances. They landed at the spot since called (Pease's Point,) Edgartown. 

Their names were John Pease, Thomas Vincent, Trapp, and 

Browning or Norton. A red coat, presented en landing, by Pease to the 
Chief or Sadiem, secured at once the good offices ef the tribe ; and they 
were treated with hospitality. 

In order to shelter themselves from the approaching winter, Pease and 
Ids company made excavations in the side of a hill near the water, whenee 
they could command a full view of the harbor and adjacent bay. Some 
vestiges of these caves still remain. They remained here through the 
cold season, and were joined by others at different times until, in 16i2, the 
whole number of families amounted to twenty-fouE. 

• Vol Ji piifB-tta. 



30 The Pmu FmrnOf. \J\ 

Another tradition that has obtained credit, and jnstljy because kistorj ha* 
al length come to its support^* is^ that two brothers came over and landed at 
Boston. 

John Pease aged 27, and Robert Pease aged 27, are proved by the cus- 
tom-house books to have embarked in- the Francis, John Cutting master* in 
the end of April, 1634, from Ipswich. This ship arrived at Boston without 
the loss of a single passenger. 

Neither of them appear to have had wives with them, but John had with 
him Robert, aged three years^ and a Miss Clark, aged lo, daughter of a 
fellow passenger, and a Miss Greene, aged 15, perhaps a servant. 

The names of John and Robert Pease are found next among die inhab- 
itants of Salem, in 1637. The following is according to the records of the 
first church of that town : 

Widow Pease joined the church 1639, Robert Pease joined it 1643^ 
Both dead in 1660. (Robert died in 1644.) Nathaniel, Sarah, and Mary, 
children of Robert Pease, baptized 15th day of 8th month, 1643. John, 
Robert, Mary, and Abraham, children of John Pease, baptized 3d day of 
5th month, 1667. John Pease, admitted to the church, 4th day of 5th 
month, 1667. James, son of John Pease, baptized November, 1670. Isaac, 
son of John Pease, baptized September, 1672. On sacrament day John 
Pease and his wife had a letter of recommendation gpranted to the church 
at Springfield, (now Enfield, Ct.,) Oct. 6, 1681. Ann Pease was admit- 
ted to the church from Ipswich in 1672. 

Who widow Pease was there is no present means of ascertaining oer- 
tainly ; but there can hardly be a doubt that John Pease, whose children 
were baptized at different times from 1667 to 1672, who joined the churdi 
in 1667, and who, with his wife, was dismissed and recommended to* the 
church at Springfield, (Enfield) was the son of widow Pease.. 

It seems most natural to suppose that John and Robert Pease, whose 
names are found at Salem in 1637, were the same who came over in the 
Francis. But there is a tradition relative to the subject, which may pass 
for what it is worth : Capt. Valentine Pease of Edgartown, who is upwards 
of 80 years of age, has heard his father and grandfather say that the two 
oldest sons of John Pease, who, according to tradition, landed at Martha's 
Tineyard, removed from there to Salem, and that their names were JaoMa 
tfud John. 

Among a large number of persons of Salem, owning estates thore '^befiira 
1661," are the names of Nathaniel and Isaac Pease. 

Miss Caulkins, in her History of Norwich^ Ck., states, that a penob 
named John Pease was there among tlie first settlers in 1660. This may 
admit of a rational doubt ; for in Vol. I. p. 315 of the New England EReU 
and GeneaL Regisler, there is a list of the first settlers of Norwich, which 
has no John Pease, but John Ftaree, and agreeing witli the authoress above 
cited in all the other names. It is hardly credible that there should have 
been three men named John Pease in the colonies of about the same age, al 
that early period ; but admitting it to have been so, the one in Norwich in 
1660, could hardly have been the same person who was in Salem, and was 
enrolled a member of the artillery company in 1661 ; for it is most probable 
that he was a resident of Salem from his first arrival there until his removal 
|0f Enfield. Ct 

The following notices are to be found in the Annab of Salem : 
1643. Lucy Peas of Salem is arraigned before the Gen'. Court chard, with 
having embraced the opinions of Samuel Gorton. -— On renouncing 
them she is dismissed. 



latfl] DmilU in WmMmt^ 31 



CSapt John Peas, Sen. e. 52^ had mored lately hoot Bahm to Ba- 
fieU. He had been a deputj to ^ general oouri 

1 $89. Capt Samuel Peas is sent afler Pirates in the Sloop Maiy of Bosleii. 
He came op with & fooght one in ** Martin IHneyard Soaod.** Ougik 
Faase is killed, but the pirate is taken by his crew.* 

liM. Sarah Pease is prosecuted for witchcraft at Salem, & imprisoned. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

< 1) I* JoBK, who came in the Francis from Ipswich in 1634, aged 27,* aoA 
whose name appears among the inhabitants of Salem ia 1637. 

SECOND GENERATION. 

(f) H. John, who removed to Enfield, Ct, in 1681. He was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Mary , who died January 5, 1668 ; 

the name of the second was Ann Cummings, to whom he waa 
married Oct. 8, 1669. He died at Enfield 1689, aged 60. Hb 
children by his first wife were, 
1—1 -—John, b. March 30, 1654. (3) 
" ^5-— Robert, b. March 14, 1656. (4) 
I.— Mary. b. Oct 8, 1658. 

. — ^Abraham, b. April 5, 1662, m. Jane Mentor, d. 1735, without isaqe. 
5-^- — Jonathan, b. Jan. 2, 1668. (5) 

By his second wife he had 
6 — 6.— James, b. Oct 23, 1670. (6) 
7— 7.— Isaac, b. July 15, 1672. (7) 
.—Abigail, b. Oct 15, 1675. 

(To be oonOsJiM.] 



DEATHS IN WRENTHAM. 

1673 to 1704. 

(OofM ftoB Ae Beoords by Mr. O. W. Mbssingbb of Boston, member of the K. Bagc 

Hift Geneal. Soc.] 



first person buried in the Burying-Place in this town was an ii 
of John and Mary Ware who died Feb 10 167S 

^ Lattlefield wife of John << Jan 13 1674 

Jcoiirhan son of Cornelius & Sary ffisher ** Not 9 1675 

EliBsnr son of John & Mary Ware " Sept 1 675 

Sttnh wife of Com*. Fisher «« Feb 28 1675 

EHsflbalh dau of James & Anna Mostman ^ Mar 6 1 675-7^ 

Kadi*. Croeman son of Rob. & Sarah *" Mar 8 1675-71^ 

kiHad by the Indians 
Msreh y* last the Inhabitants were drawn off by reason of the war. 

• ii Vol. n. page 393, is giren from the original depositions of Capt Peaee*f crow a 
cJWitantial accoant of the action in which the captain lost hit life. As a further elnot- 
4tAam of thSa affair, we add from Mr. Fblt^s AnnaU of SaUm, as fbllows: 

"The Councii haring heen informed, that Thomas Hawkins and others were acting as 
■hnSei ofder the sloop Restitution with 40 men, Jotepk ThaxUr master to go after tMm. 
Thase pitmtcs took the Ketdi Biaiy. Capt HeUen Chard, of Salem die 9th [ Aagost, 1689^) 
S leagisi trom Half Way Bock. They captured the brig Merrimack of NewburypoiC, 
QafL JbJbi JCniT, on the 2ad, hi * Martin Vineyard Sound/ [Then as above in the t ext] 
They killed him, and wounded some of his crew; but were taken by his Lieut Binfamm 
Gmtp, aod in October broogfat to Boston, whne fmir of them belonged. They were ooo- 
~ to die, but repoered?* 



82 



DMrtJU tn Wr m lkm . 



[J-u 



U 
U 






ii 



it 



u 
u 



4< 



u 
it 



u 
ti 
u 
u 
u 
u 



u 



u 



it 
u 
u 
ii 
ii 



u 



MuT wife of Joseph Eingibury died 

WilUam son of W» & Ruth Maocane 

Killed by his own Gun accidentally 
Sarah dan of John & Sarah Guild 
Silence Wilson in the 10^ year 
Sarah Lawrence 
Mehitable wife Thorn' Thurston 
Ichabod son 
Marydau 

Joseph Kingsbury died in an awful and dreadful way 
Isaac Blake 

Hezakiah son of Benj & Judith Rocket 
Solomon Shears 
Sarah Lawrance wife of John 
Sarah dau of John & Sarah Fairbanks 
Hannah dau of Sam^ & Hannah 
Hannah wife of John Pond 
Abigail dau of John & Abg^ Day 
Elizabeth dau of John & Melitiah Fisher 
Rath Fisher 

Jadith wife of James Meads 
Priscilla dau of Benj & Priscilla Grant 
Mary dau of John & Sarah Laurance 
Mary " « Bdw*. & Rob*. Gay 

in her 7*** yewr 
Robert son of RoV. 6c Joanna Pond 
—None Puffer son of Rich* & Ruth ** 

Cornelius Fisher died 

being the first head of a family who died in the town . 

in a natural way for 30 years 
John Blake 

Sarah dau of Benj & Sarah Hall 
«Si|rah Hancock 
lliomas Thurston 
• Sphraim Pond 
Mbxj Gray 

in her fifth year 
Thomas son of Thomas & Hannah George 
Hannah daughter ** ^ 

Tt^ George — the father 
John C^rge 

John Maccane son of John & Eliz^ 
Hannah wife of Ck>melius Fisher 
Ebenezer Gruild son of John & Sarah 
Tho* Pufffer of Providence 
Bea Samuel Fisher 
Mehitable daughter of Jona Wight 
Samuel Whiting 

Anna Blake daughter of John & Joanna 
Mary Shears wife of Samuel 
Theodoras Man daughter of Tlieodore 
]Elea«er Metcalf 



u 



a 



u 

ii 



u 



ii 



ii 



a 



u 



u 



a 



July 81 1680 


July 6 168- 


Dec 7 1682 


Feb 24 1683 


Mar 25 1684 


Aug 11 1692 


Aug 29 " 


Mar 30 1688 


Dec 16 1688 


March 8 1689 


1689 


May 6 « 


Aug 30 1690 


Sep 19 1690 


Oct 26 1689 


Jan 2 1691 


1692 


1693 


July 28 ^ 


Oct 9 1694 


July 14 1694 


Dec 8 " 


Oct 7 1695 


May 28 1694 


Jan 16 1697-8 


Jan 2 1699 


May 25 1700 


May 6 1697 


Nov 17 1700 


Dec 15 1704 


Dec 22 *• 


May 30 1705 


Sep 17 1704 


Sep 17 « 


Oct 31 «• 


Sep 21 « 


Jan 9 1701 


March 6 " 


Sept 13 « 


July 11 1702 


Jan 5 1708 


Sept 3 1704 


April 2 « 


April 8 * 


April 26 •* 


Sep 1 1708 


May 14 1704 



1M9.] Tks Wifman Family. 38 



THE WYMAN FAMILY. 
[Collected by T. B. Wtmas, 3r^ of Charlestown, Man.] 

The name of Wtman is of Grerman derivation, and was originallj spelled 
Wktuxjxv* The two individuals first named in the following genealogy 
lie the progenitors of the largest portion of the Wjman family in this 
eoon^. The first mention made of them is in Charlestown, Dec 18, 1640, 
(tee Proihinghaniy p. 106) as signers of the '^town orders" coeval with the 
NsttlemenI of Woburn. Their descendants have been numerous and 
chiefiy among the ** sturdy yeomanry," possessing substance and a fair 
estimation in the ordinary ranks of life. At the present time the family 
is chiefly comprised in that class so ably apostrophized by the poet in the 
thrilfing lines — 

" Heftrt of the people — Wo rk i no Msn ! 
Marrow and nenre of human powers; 
Who on your sturdy backs sustain. 
Through streaming time, this World of Ours.** 

FIRST OSNBRATION. 

(I) I. John, Lieut, a tanner, m. Nov. 5, 1644, d. May 9, 1684. "Wife 
Sinh, dau. of Miles Nutt of Woburn, who, after his death, m. Thomas 
Fuller of Woburn, Aug. 25, 1684. 

< (2) II. Francis, a tanner, m. (see wives) d. Nov. 28 or 30, 1699, aged 
91 He married 1, Judith Peirce of Woburn, Jan. 30, 1645; m. 2, ^^- 
gail, dan. of William Read of Woburn, Oct. 2, 1650. — 

(3) IIL Name unknown. See issue No. 27. 

(4) lY. Name unknown. See issue No. 28. 

BBCOND GENERATION. 

t Issue of John, No. 1. 

^ (5) L Samuel, b Sept. 20, 1646, d. Sept. 27, 1646. 

(6) II. John, b. March 28, 1648, m. , d. at Narraganset, Dec 

19, 1675. He married Mary, dau. of Rev. Thomas Carter of Woburn, who 
after his death, m. Nathaniel Bachelder of Hampton, Oct. 31, 1676, and d. 
in 1688. 

(7) IIL Sarah, b. April 15, 1650. m. Joseph Walker, Dec 15, 1669, 
d. Jan. 26. 1729. 

(8) IV. Solomon, b. Feb. 26, 1652. 

(9) V. David, a tanner of Woburn, b. April 7. 1654, m. April 27. 1675, 
<L of small pox, 1 678. Wife Isabel, dau. of John Farmer of Concord, Mass.. 
who afterwards m. James Blood of Concord, Nov. 19, 1679. 

(10) VI. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 18, 1656, d. Nov. 21, 1658. 

(II) Vn. Bathsheba, b. Oct. 6, 1658, m. Nathaniel Tay, May 80, 
1677. d. July 9, 1730. 

(12) VIII. Jonathan, Comet, of Woburn, farmer, b. July 13, 1661, m. 
(see wives) d. Dec 15, 1736. He m. 1, Abigail, dau. of James Fowle of 
Wobam, July 29, 1689, who d. Jan. 3, 1690 ; m. 2. Hannah, dau. of Peter 
Fowle of Woburn, July 31, 1690. 

(13) IX. Seth, Lieut, of Woburn, farmer, b. Aug. 3, 1663, m. Dec. 17, 
1685, d. Oct 26, 1715. Ho m. Hester, dau. of Wm. Johnson of Woburn^ 
Dec 17, 1685. who d March 31. 1742. 

(14) X. Jacob, of Woburn, tanner, b. m. (see wives) d. March 
31, 1742. He m. 1, Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Richardson of Woburn^ 



84 The Wjfnum Frnnilf. [fm^ 

Nov. 23, 1687, who d. Nov. 21, 1739. He m. 2, EUzabeth' Goggin of 
Woburn, Feb. 4, 1740. 

Issue of FranciSy No. 2. 

(15) I. Judith, b. Sept. 29, 1652, d. Dec. 22, 1652. 

(16) II. Fbahcis, b. about 1654, d. unm. April 26, 1676. 

(17) IIL William, of Woburn, farmer, b. about 1656, d. 1705: He 
m. Prudence, dau. of Thomas Putnam. (?) 

(18) IV. Abigail, b. about 1660, m. Stephen Richardson, Jan. 2, 1^8, 
d. Sept 17, 1720. 

(19) V. Timothy, of Woburn, farmer, b. Sept. 15, 1661, d. 1709. BBi 
wife's name was Hannah. 

(20) VI. Joseph, of Woburn, tailor, b. Nov. 9, 1668, d. umn. July *4, 
1714. 

(21) VII. Nathaniel, of Woburn, fanner, b. Nov. 25, 1665, m. Jane 
28, 1691 or 1692, d Dec. 8, 1717. His wife was Mary Winn of Woburn, 
who afterwards m. John Locke of Woburn, Nov. 80, 1720. 

(22) VIII. Samuel, of Woburn, farmer, b. Nov. 29, 1667, m. in 1692, 
d. May 17, 1725. His wife was Rebecca, dau. of Matthew Johnson of 
Woburn. 

(28) IX. Thomas, of Woburn, farmer, b. April 1, 1671, m. Mar 6, 
1696, d. Sept 4, 1731. His wife was Mary, dau. of Nathaniel RichardM* ^ 
of Woburn, who, after his death, married Josiah Winn of Woburn, Au|^ 17« 
1783, and d. June 7, 1743. 

(^) X. Benjamin, of Woburn, farmer, b. Aug. 25, 1674^ m. Jan. 20, 
1702, d. Dec 19, 1735. He married Elizabeth, dau. of Nathaniel Han- 
cock of Cambridge, who afterwards married Jonathan Bacon of Bedford, 
Aug. 22, 1739, and d. at Medford, Mar. 2 or 3, 1749. 

(25) XI. Stephen, b. June 2, 1676, d. Aug. 19, 1676. 

(26) XII. Judith, 2d. b. Jan. 15, 1679, m. Nathaniel Bacon, and was 
living in 1715. 

Issue of , No. 3. 

(27) I. John, of Woburn, wheelwright, ra. Dec. 14, 1685, d. Apr. 19, 
1728. His wife's name was Hannah Farrar, of Woburn. 

Issue of , No. 4. 

• (28) I. Thomas, of Boston, tailor. He d. before 1785, and was a 
soldier in the Narraganset war. Wife's name unknown. See deed, ICd- 
dlesex Records. 1739. 
The aame in this branch wm sometimes spelled Waymftn. 

THUID QENBRATION. 

Issue of John, No, 6. 

(29) I. John, of Woburn, b. Apr. 23, 1672. Descendants in Luneo- 
barg and Cambridge. 

(30) II. Mary, b. June 25, 1674, m. Thomas Peirce Jr., Feb. 27, 
1698. 

Issue of David, No. 9. 

(31) I. David, b. May 29, 1676, d. June 15, 1676. 

(82) II. Isabel, b. July 5, 1677, m. John Green, of Maiden, in 1700, 
d. Aug- 9, 1765. 

. ^ Issue of JanaUum^ No. 12. 

(88) I. Abtoail, b. June 1. 1691, m. Samuel Buck, d. Dec. 2, 1720. 



1M9.] ThB W^fkm Fmiify. 86 

(34) IL Haitkab, b. Not. 1694^ m. Israel Reed, Judo 1, 1717, livias^ 
in 1753. 

(35) III. Mast, b. Jan. 36, 1696, m. Jeremiah Center, before 1719. 

(36) IV. Eluabbth, b. Feb. 15, 1700, m. Zerubbabei Snow, Aug. 
11. 1721. She was living in 1755. 

(37) y. Jonathan, of Woborn, b. Sept 18, 1704. Descendants in 
Borlington, Mass., and Dummerston, Vt. 

(38) YI. Sarah, b. Aug. 18, 1706, m. Nathan Brooks, d. Feb. 21, 
1747. 

(39) yn. Zachariah, b. Julj 19, 1709, a soldier, 1740-8. 

Issue of Seth, JNb. 13. 

(40) I. S^ih, of Wobum, b. Sept 13, 1686. Desoendanto in Haver- 
lull and Shrewsbnrj. 

(41) IL Hester, b. Oct 25, 1688. 

(42) III. Sarah, b. Jan. 17, 1690, m. Caleb Bkxlgett 

(43) IV. Jonathan, b. Nov. 5 or 19, 1693, d. Jan. 19, 1694. 

(44) v. Susanna, b. Jone 30, 1695. 

(45) VL Abioail, b. Feb. 6, 1698, m. Timothy Brooks, Jan. 19, 
1725, d. March 16, 1780. 

(46) Vn. Love, b. Feb. 14, 1701. 

luue of Jacob, No. 14. 

(47) L Jacob, of Wobum. b. Sept 11, 1688. Descendanto in Brad- 
fofd and Haverhill 

. (48) n. Samuel, of Wobum, b. Feb. 7. 1690. 

(49) III Elizabeth, b. Jan. 5 or 7, 1691, m. Josiah Waters, d. be- 
fore 1742. 

(50) IV. David, of Wobum, b. Apr. 14, 1698. Descendants in Bbs- 
ton and Danrers. 

(51) V. Martha, b. Oct. 18, 1695, m. Joseph Ricliardson. 

(52) VL Mart, b. Julj 8, 1698, d. before 1742. 

(53) vn. John, b. Dec. 11, 1700, graduated at H. O, 1721, d. Jolj 
9, 1721. 

(54) Vni Solomon, b. Apr. 24, 1708, d. Sept. 22, 1725. 

(55) IX. Patience, b. Apr. 13, 1705, m. John Goggin of Sadborj, 
1734-7. 

(56) X. Ebenezer, of Connecticut, b. May 5, 1707, graduated at H. 
C, 1731, m. Marj Wright. Maj 22, 1739, d. April 29, 1746. 

(57) XL Isaiah, b. Feb. 28, 1709. d. Feb. 9, 1746. 

(58) XIL Peter, of Wobum, b. Sept 27, 1711. 

(59) XIII. Daniel, of Sudbury, b. Maj 27, 1715. Descendants in 
Philadelphia. 

Lsue of Wmam, m. 17. 

(60) I. William, b. Jan. 18, 1683, d. Jan. 20, 1688. 

(61) IL Prudence, b. Dec 26, 1683, m. Jacob Winn, Jr., Jm^ 28, 
1704. 

(62) in. William 2d, of Wobum, b. Jan. 15, 1685. PosterHj III 
Cbarlestown. 

(63) IV. Thomas, of Pelham. N. H., b. Aug. 23, 1687. 

(64) V. Elizabeth, b. Juljr 5, 1689, d. June 25, 1690. 

(65) VL Francis, of Maine, b. Julj 10, 1691. 

(66) VII. Joshua, of Wobum, b. Jan. 8, 1693. Posteri^in Bot* 
barj and Keene, N. H. 

(67) VIIL A daughter. Name unknown, d. 1694. 



36 The WymmiFamUjf. [Jan. 

(68) IX. Edward, of Pelham, N. H., b. Jan. lO, 1696. Poeteritj 
in Cambridge, Mass., and Cornish, N. H. 

(69) X. Elizabeth 2d, b. Feb. 16, 1697. 

(70) XI. Deliverance, b. Feb. 28, 1700, m. Esekiel Gowin Jr., of 
Lynn, Jan. 1, 1732. 

(71) XII. James, of Maine, b. March 16, 1702. 

Issue of Timothy^ No. 19. 

(72) I. Hannah, b. July. 7, 1688. 

(73) II. TitfOTHT, of Woburn, b. Apr. 5, 1691, m. Hannah Wyman. 
(88) Descendants in Vermont and New Hampshire. 

(74) III. Solomon, of Woburn, b. Oct. 24, 1693. Descendants in 
Templeton and Chesterfield, N. H. 

(75) IV. Joseph, of Pelhara, N. H., b, Nov. 1. 1695. Descendants, 
in Westminster and Jaffrey, N. H. 

(76) V. Eunice, b. Feb. 24, 1697, m. Henry Tottingham, Sept 7, 
1721, d. before 1748. 

(77) VL AxN, b. Mar. 20, 1700. d. unm. at Andover, Mar. 25, 1774. 

(78) VII. Jddith, b. June 16, 1702, m. John Wright of Ashford, 
Conn., Mar 23, 1725, living 1748. 

(79) VIII. Eli, b. Mar. 11, 1704, d. unm. Aug. 22, 1728. 

^80) IX. Ebenezer, of Townsend, b. Mar. 21, 1706. Descendants 
in Maine. 

(81) X. Hester. 

(82) XI. Elizabeth, 

(83) XII. Prudence, b. Mar. 8, 1709, m. Thomas Phelps. She was 
living in 1772. 

hme of Nathaniel, No. 21. 

(84) I. Nathaniel, b. May 23, 1693, d. unm. Dec. 13. 1715. 

(85) n. Mart, b. Maj 28, 1694, d. about May 23, 1763, insane. 

(86) m. Abigail, b. Oct. 5, 1695, m. Benjamin Gowin. 

(87) IV. Ruth, b. Apr. 17. 1697, m. Thomas Gould of Charlestown, 
Aug. 1, 1721. 

(88) V. Hannah, b. Apr. 28, 1099, m. Timothy Wyman (73.) 

(89) VL Eliza, b. Nov, 11, 1700, m. John Geary of Charlestown, 
Mar. 12, 1723. 

(90) VIL Phebe, b. June 11. 1702, m. Thomas Geary of Stoneham, 
before 1729. 

(91) VIIL Rebecca, b. Apr. 14, 1704, m. Thomas Holden, Mar. 7. 
1723. 

(92) IX. Joanna, b. July 25, 1705, m. Jonathan Holden, Dec. 30, 
1781,d. Nov. 11, 1786. 

(93) X. Increase, of Woburn, b. Mar. 1, 1707. 

(94) XI. Sarah, b. Aug. 21, 1710, ra. Ezekicl Walker, July 6, 1732, 
d. before 1756. 

(95) XII Kezia, b. Apr. 5, 17lS, m. John Reed, Dec 9, 1735, d. 
Jan. 14, 1756. 

Issue of Samuel, No, 22. 

(96) I. Rebecca, b. Nov. 11, 1693, m. Thomas Richardson of Wo- 
burn, Sept. 29, 1713, d. before April 11. 1771. 

(97) II. Abigail, h. Feb. 5, 1695, m. Jonathan Richardson before 
1726. 

(98) m. Hannah, b. Dec 10, 1696, m. Samuel PaAer, May 10, 
1785. 



1849.] The Wyman Family. 87 

(99) IV. Sarah, b. Feb. 3, 1698, m. John Cogin, Aug. 31, 172G, d. 
Maj 22, 1732. 

(100) V. Samuel, of Wobum, b. Mar. 18, 1700. Posterity io Bos- 
ton. 

(101) VI. Oliter, of Leominster, b. Sept 5, 1701. 

(102) VII. Lydia, b. Jan 1, 1703, m. Oliver Richardson of Wobum, 
July 24, 1729, d. Oct 26, 1754. 

(103) VIII. Patibnce, b. Jan. 11, 1705, m. Edward Dean, May 1, 
1740. d. June 15, 1741. 

• (104) IX. Matthew, of Lancaster, b. Aug. 3, 1707. 

(105) X. Esther, b. Feb. 25, 1709. 

hsue of Thomas, No. 23. 

(106) I. Thomas, of Woburn, b. May 12, 1697. Descendants in 
Pelham, N. H. 

(107) IL JosiAH, b. March 18, 1700. 

(108) III. Phineas, b. 1701. Insane, 1747. 

(109) IV. Timothy, b. March 1, 1702. 

(110) V. Benjamin, of Woburn, b. June 12, 1704. Descendants in 
Maine. 

(111) VI. John, b. July 6, 1706, d. unm. Itfarch 26, 1739. 

(112) VIL Mart, b. March 10, 1708. m. Nathaniel Clark of Water- 
town, June 13. 1726. 

(113) VIIL Aaron, of Wobum, b. Dec. 6, 1709/ 

(114) IX Eleazer, of Wobum, b. April 13, 1712. Descendants in 
Winchendon. ; 

(115) X. Nathaniel, of Hopkinton, b. May 18, 1716. Descendants 
m New York. 

(116) XL Elizabeth, b. Dec. 19, 1718, m. Blodgett. 

luue €f Benjamin, No. 24. 

(117) I. Elizabeth, b. May 1, 1705, m. Jacob Richardson, June 11^ 
1724. d. Oct 20, 1749. 

(118) JI. Benjamin, of Woburn, b. Nov. 13, or Dec. 17, 1706. Pos- 
terity in Lexington, Cambridge, and New York. 

(119) IIL Lucy, b. April 17, 1708, m. Nathaniel Davenport of Shrews- 
bury, 1729. d. Oct 25, 1780. 

(120) IV. Zebadiah, of Woburn, b. June 21, or 26, 1709. Descend- 
ants in Cambridge. 

(121) V. Eunice, b. Nov. 16, 1710, m. Robert Peirce, Oct 28, 1736, 
d. May 5, 1774. 

(122) VI. Jerusha, b. July 23, 1712. m. Edward Richardson, Feb. 24, 
or April 14, 1730, d. April 10, 1784. 

(123) VII. Tabitha, b. April 7, 1714, m. Josiah Kendall, March 17, 
1736, d. April 24, 1800. 

(124) VIIL Abijah. of Lancaster, b. Sept 20, 1715. 

(125) IX. Catherine, b. May 6, 1717, m. WiUiam Tufts of Medford, 
Feb. 28, 1732, d. Feb. 20, 1749. 

(126) X. Nathaniel, of Lancaster, b. Jan. 26, 1719. 

(127) XI. Abigail, b. Aug. 26, 1720, m. Jacob Snow, April 8, 1740, 
d.0ct31, 177L 

(128) XII. Martha, b. May 7, 1722, m. Samuel Dean, Sept 6, 1739. 

(129) XIII. Noah, b. July 30, 1724. d. Dec. 10. 1726. 

(130) XIV. Jonas, b. July 26, 1725, d. unm. Jan. 20, 1746. He was 
a soldier al Lonisburg. 



88 Bseord$ of Bo9im. [In 

(181) XV. Reuben, of Wilmingtoii, K. Nov. 9, 17S6. Descendants in 
Concord, N. H. 

Issue of John, No. 27. 

(132) L John, of Wilmington, b. Nov. 16, 1686, d. before Jan. 6, 1748, 
(ia3) II. Thohas. b. March 25, 1689, d. before 1749, insane. 

(134) III. Jasher, of Townsend, b. Jan. 6, 1691. Descendants m 
Hoilb, N. H. 

(135) IV. Nathax, of Wobum, b. Jan. 8, 1695. 

(136) V. Hannah, b. Aug. 8, or 28, 1703, living unm. 1748. 

(137) VI. Ann, b. April 10, 1705, m. Samuel Bathrick of Portsmouth. 
N. H., published May 5, 1739. 

(138) VII. Rachel, b, Oct. 24, 1707. 

Issue of Thomas^ No. 28. 

(139) I. Thomas, of Boston. Descendants in Concord. 

(140) II. Daniel, of Boston. Desoendimts in Concord. 

(141) III. Mary, m. Joseph Turner, July 11, 1706. 

(142) IV. Sarah, m. Robert Karheet, mariner. 

(143) V. Abigail, m. John Durham, Dec 9, 1717. 

MISC^LANEOUS. 

Stephen Wayhan is mentioned in the " Mass. Colony Book," in the 
Narraganset expedition, Feb. 29, 1675-6. Also, a Stephen Waiman 
(perhaps the same) died intestate. Administration granted to Greoi^ 
and Rebecca Bonfeld. See Ipswich Court Record, 21, 10, 1675. 

Eliner Watman and George James of Salem, Great Britain, were 
m. in Boston, Feb. 6, 1711. 

Sarah Watman and Edward Jones of Great Britain were published in 
Boston, June 19, 1714. 

Sarah Wetman and Samuel Marshall were m. in Boston, Dec. 26, 
1717. 

John Weeman came from Grermany, and settled in Maine. 



RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

(Copied for the Anriqnarian Journal by Mb. Datid Pulsifeb, member of the N. £. li 

Geneal. Society.] 

[Continued from Vol. II., page 402.] 

Jane the daught' of Evan Thomas & Jane his wife was TAonuu. 

borne the 16« (3«) 1641. 

Dorcas the daughter of Evan Thomas & Jane his wife 
was borne 5* (12«) 1G42 & dyed the 28* (12«) 1642. 

Deborah the daught' of Benjamin Thwing Sc Deborah his T/twing. 

wife was borne 17* (3*) 1642. & dyed (6*) 1642. 

Elisabeth the daughf of William Ting & EUsabeth his TtHg. 

wife was borne 6* (12*) 1637. 

Annah the daughter of William Ting & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 6* (11*) 1639. 

Belhiah the daught' of WUliam Ting & Elizabeth his wife 
was borne 17* (3*) 1641. 

Jteffcie the daughter of William Ting it Elisabeth his wilb 
borne 13* (IP) 1642. 



1849.] 



M§oerd$ of Boii&n* 



89 



Hannah the daogfai' of Edward Ting A Marj his wife was 
borne 7^ (1*) JiS. 

Mary the daaght' of Edwavd Ting ic Mary his wife was 
borne 17* (2«»). 1641. 

Jonathan the sonne of Edward Ting & Mary his wife was 
borne 15» (!()•) 1642. 

Hannah the daogfat' of William Town(»end & Hannah his 
wife was borne 4* (2*) 1641. 

Peter the sonne of William Townsend & Hannah his wife 
was borne the 26<' (d"*) 1642. 

Ephraim Tomer the sonne of Robt Turner & Penelope 
his wife was borne 13<> (lO**) 1639. 

Sarah the daught' of Bob^ Turner ic Penelope his wife 
was borne 11* (P) 1640. 

John the sonne of Rob* Turner is Penelope his wife was 
bone the l** (10») 1642. 

Richard TutUe Dyed »• (8*) 1640. 

Tapping see aAerward. 

Hopestill the daughter of John Yyall & Mary his wife 
was borne W (&") 1639. 

Mary the daughter of John Yyall & Mary his wife was 
borne 30^ (S^") 1641. 

Isaac the sonne of Richard Waite & Elisabeth his ivife 
borne ^ (6«) 1638 & dyed the 2V (6«) 1688. 

Retume the sonne of Richard Waite ic Elisabeth his wife 
borne 8*(5») 1639. 

Hannah the daughtF of Richard Waite & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne the W (7'') 1641. 

Moses the sonne of Gamaliel Wtaie & Grace his wife was 
borne (4«») 1637, & dyed (P) }g. 

Grace the daughter of Gkunaliel Waite & Grace his wife 
was borne 10^(1 1«») 1638. 

Moses the sonne of Gamaliel Waite & Ghrace his wife was 
borne (7*^) 1640, & Dyed (7*') 1641. 
Samuel the sonne of Gamaliel Waite & Grace his wife 
borne ^ 1641. 



Ting. 



Elishua the sonne of Rob* Walker Sc , his wife was 

borne the 14* (12«) 1635, 

21achary the sonne of Rob* Walker & , his wife was 

borne the 15« (7'») 1637. 

John the sonne of Rob* Walker & , his wife was 

borne the 22* (7*) 1639. 

Sarah the danght' of Rob* Walker & , his wife was 

borne the 15" (9«) 1641, & buried 19« (10«) 1643. 

Meribah the daught' of William Werdall & Alice his wife 
was borne 14* (3*») 1687. 

Ysal the sonne of William Werdall & Alice his wife was 
borne 7« (2«) 1639. 

Elihu the sonne of William Werdall ic Alice his wife was 
borne the {9^) 1642. 

Jonathan the sonne of Thomas Wheeler & Rebecca his 
wife was borne 20^ (&") 1637. 

Joseph the sonne of Thomas Wheeler 4 Rebecca his wife 
was borne Id* (8*) 1640. 



Thtntsend. 



Thirner, 



Taming. 
VyalL 



Waite. 



Waiu. 



Walker. " 



Werdall. 



Wheeler. 



40 



on SvddUtlime. 



[J, 



Rebecca the daughter of Thomas Wheeler 6t Bebeoca his 

wife was borne 17*" (4<') 1648. 

Ruth the daughter of Nathaniel Williams, 6s Marj his 
wife was borne 1638. 

Elisabeth the daughter of Nathaniel Williams & Mary 
his wife was borne 21*" {S"") 1640. 

Nathaniell the sonne of Nathaniel Williams So Marj his 
wife was borne 16" (7*) 1642. 

Joseph the sonne of Robert Williams 3& — his wife 
was borne {5"*) 1641. 

fiCarj the daught' of m* John Wilson d; Elisabeth his 
wife was borne 12* (7°) 1633. 

Shorebome the sonne of William Wilson & Patience his 
wife was borne 6« (6«) iG35. 

Marj the -daught' of William Wilson & Patience his 
wife was borne 11* (ll*) 1637. 

John the sonne of William Wilson & Patience his wife 
was borne (U^") 1639. 

Joseph the sonne of W^ Wilson So Patience hb wife 
was borne 10^(9*) 1643. 

John the sonne of Robert Wing & Joan liis wife was 
borne the 22* (5«) 1637. 

Hannah the daughter of Robert Wing & Joan his wife 
was borne 14* (12*») 1639. 

Jacob the sonne of Robert Wing dc Joan his wife was 
borne 31'* (5») 1 642. 

Elisabeth the daught' of m' John Winthrope the yonger 
& Elisabeth hid wife was borne 24<' (d*") 1636. 

ffitz-John Sonne of M' John Winthrop Esq ; the yonger 
& Elizabeth his wife W (P) 1638. 

Luce the daugbt' of John Winthrop Junio' Esq; & 
Elisabeth his wife borne 28<' (ll^") 1639. 

Waitc-still the sonne of John Winthrop Junio' Esq ; & 
Elisabeth hU wife borne 27* (12'') 1641. 

Mary the daught' of Richard Woodhouse & Mary his 
wife was borne & buried (11") 1637. 

Mary the daughter of Richard Woodhouse & Mary hi^ 
wife was borne 14« (IV) 1638. 

John the sonne of Richard Woodhouse & Mary his wife 
was borne 9* (2*») 1641. 

Hannah the daughf of Richard & Mary Woodhouse 
borne 15, (1) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of Rob' Woodward & Rachell his wife 
was borne 24'' (8°) 1641. 

Nathaniel the sonne of Rob^ Woodward & Rachell hi» 
wife was borne SS" (8») 1642. 



Williams. 



WilHams. 
WiUon. 
Wilson. 



Whig. 



Wintltrop. 



Wood/iouse. 



Woodward. 



EPITAPH ON HUDDLESTONE. 

Here lies Thomas Huddlestone, reader don't smile. 
But reflect as this tombstone you view, 

That death who has killed, in a very short while 
May HUDDLE A STONE iipon you. 



n 



1S49.] Early ^^ Freemen" in New England. 



NOTICES CONCERNING THE EARLY "FREEMEN" IN 
NEW ENGLAND. 

Before a member of society could exercise the right of suffrage, or 
bold any public office, he must be made a freeman by the general or 
<]uarteHy court. To become such be was required to produce evidence 
that he was a respectable member of some Congregational church. 
"This regulation was bo far modified hy Royal order in 16C4, as to 
allow individuals to ho made Freemen, who couhl obtain certificates of 
their being correct in doctrine and conduct, from olcrgj-mcn acquainted 
irith them.'" 

"In 163L, a test was invented which required all freemen to be 
churcb-members. This was upon the first appearance of a dissent in 
regard to religious opinions. But even this test, in the public opinion, 
required great caution, as in 1632 it was agreed that a civil magistrato 
ibould not be an elder in the church. "f 

The "Freeman's Oath" was the first paper printed in New Eng- 
bad. It was printed at Cambridge, by Stephen Date, in 10i!9,J 
vftn a single sheet, in the manner of a handbill, and without date. It- 
VBsin these words, as established in 1634: — 

\. {A. B.) being by Gods provideuce, an Inhabitant, and Freeman, with- 
in the Jarisdiction of Iliis Commonwealth; do freely acknowledge my eelC 
M be snbjea lo the Government thereof: And therefore do here sweur by 
Ike great and dreadful Name of llie Ever-living God, ibat / will be truo 
■nd fxithrull to the same, and will accord ingly yield aesidlance & aiipporb 
ihennnio, with my person and estate, as in equity / am bound ; and will 
■bo traly endeavor to maintain and preserve all llie liberties and priviledgcs 
Ibereof, snbmilting my self to the wholesome Lawes k. Orders made and 
Mlahliahed hy the same. And furllier, that / will not plot or practice any 
evill againEt it, or consent to any lliat sbnll so do ; but will timely discover 
and reveal the same to lawfull Authority now here established, for the 
•poedy preventing thereof. 

Moreover, /doe solemnly bind my i^clf in the sight of Cod, that when I 
■hal be called to give my voyce touching nny such matter of Ihin State, in 
«Iuch Freemen are to deal, / will give my vole and suffrage aa I shall judg* 
in mine own conEcience may best conduce and tend to the pubtike weal of 
tlie body, So help me God in the Lord Jesus Chrisl.§ 

The first General Court in Massachusetts was held on the IPth of 
October, 1G30, not by representatives, but hy every one that was 
ftee, of the corporation, in person. None had been admitted freemxn 
■oce thoj left England. It was ordered, tliat for the future the free- 

• rat. Kite/ fytum^. 

( Benlley, DHeHpiian 0/ Saltm, I CilU. ibii. Ilia. See., tL 836. 

1 Thoinas, Hirt, Priniwg, i. S31, 

\ Copied from "New Enn;lnnirsJnNAi> rait upof t/indon," "br MnjorJbAnCKiUr," IH7. 
Jin Ihe bodj of ihc iraM llic name of Chitdi \i srtlt wilhoul ihc 't\ Mr. »U hfls atsn print- 
•d Ihc oath ill hit //iniiirA, from ihc rcrordt. ond il is liktnifo lo lio fuunil in tliv" Charim 
txl Lairi n/ AbiiaeAiurIt) Joy." Wc liflvc copied from M*jon Cuilde to pretcrvo tho 
sU onhograpb J. 

3 



r 



4S Early ^^ Freemsn" in New England. [Jan. 



men sliould choose the OBsistants, and the assistants fi'cin among them- 
selvca choose the governor aiid deputy governor. The court of aseist- 
anta were to have the power of making laws and appointing officers. 
This was a departure from their clurter. One hundred and nine free- 
inen wore admitted at this court/^'MAVEBiCK, Blackstone, and many 
more who were not of any of tbe'^churcliea, were of tliia number. Tha 
next General Court was the court of election for 1031. The scale waa 
now turned, and the freemen resolved to choose botli governor, deputy, 
and assistants, notwithstanding the former vote, and made an order, 
that, for the time to come, none should be admitted to the freedom of th* 
body politic but such as were church members,' " None have voice in 
elections of Governor, Deputy and Assistants, none are to be Magis- 
trates, Officers or Jurymen, grand or petit, but Freemen. The Minis- 
ters give tlioir votes in all elections of Magistrates. Now the most of 
ihe persons at iV«c England are not admitted of their Church, and 
therefore are not Freemen; and when they come to be tried there, be 
it for life or limb, name or estate, or whatsoever, they must he tried 
■and judged too by those of the Church who arc, in a sort, their advei^ 
«aries ; How eijual that hath been or may be, some by experience doe 
linow, others may judge, "f 

"This," remarks Hutchinson, "was a most extraordinary order of 
law, and yet it continued in force until the dissolution of the govern- 
ment, it being repealed, in appearance only, after the restoration of 
King Charles the Second. Iliid they been deprived of their civil priv- 
ileges in England hy an act of parliament, unless they would join in 
communion with the churches there, it might very well have been the 
first in the roll of grievances. But such were the requisites to qualify 
for church membership hero, that the grievance was abundantly 
greater." 

It is supposed by Mr. Savage,^ that "near three fourths of the pres- 
■ent [1826] inhabitants of the six New England states," are descended 
from such as were made freemen before the death of Governor Win- 
throp. This conjecture would aeera plausible enough were we to end 
our inquiries here; but if we extend them to the revolution of 1688, 
the time when the practice of making freemen ceased, by a »milar 
courae of reasoning we should not now find inhabitants enough in New 
England for our purpose. However, our opinion is, that from the 
" OLD FREEMEN " before the Revolution, above geven mghth of alt 
the present inhabitants of New England, and no incousiderable portion 
of those of Now York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio are de- 
scended. 

In 16(5.3, " the practice of freemen's meeting in Boston to elect mag- 
istrates was repealed. This repeal, however, was so unpopular, that 
the same practice was renewed the next year y. |y}t it seems to have 
gone down soon after. At first, danger from Indians was pleaded, why 



I 



• Hnlohinwm'* Bat. MifM„ i. 25, BO. 
1 1^rhford, Flam Dmlmg, S3, S4. 

) WiiMhn)ii, Jiiur., ii. 7*. In hi» odiiion of iliis invnlunblc work, Mr. S. tms 
oT the Fkeevkn to Uio t[me uf hia author's dcnlli. 



K 



,] ^arly "Freemm" in New England. 43 

border and distant towns sliould ret^n part oF their freemen from Gen- 
eral Election. At last, the greatness of Hie number, when assembled 
from the vhole colony to diooee the magistrates, and the concurrent 
incDnveDiencies of this custom, appear to have been the cause of pro> 
dncing an alteration, which siihstantially accords with present usage."* 

At as early a day as practicable, it is intended that the most perfect 
Dot of Fbebubx possible to bo obtained slmll occupy a prominent space 
in our pages. At present we can give only a few items, enough, how- 
erer, for onr students to form some opinion of what the undertaking will 
be to do the Old Freemen justice. It ia proposed here to notice only 
SDch as offered themselves for freemen, or such of them as have come 
to our knowledge in a single year, viz : — 
1G77. 

The .- 22: 3: 77. These may Certiiye iLe much honred Generall Court 
ntting ut Boston the : 23. of ihe : 3. 77 : tliat ilie psons Who^ uami^H ar vn^ 
der wretten being in full communion wiUi the Cliurcli of cbriM in MedHeild 
and otherwise quallitied according to Law Desire Chut they may be admited 
to the ffrcdom of this Comou Weltli. 

Obediah Morso Edwiird Adams 

tjonaihn Morso Eliezur Adama 

Joseph Itullin 
p George Gnrbur. 

May 23 1677. This may slnnify lo whom il may Concern y' 
Mr. Richard DuuJer& 
Mr. Henry Shorlo 
■re members in full Coffiunion w"" y' Church of Newbury as affirms 

Jn" Ulcliard£on Minister. 

1. 4: 77. fTranses fflelcher 

Timothy Wheeler ' " 

John Meriam ■* 

Samuel Jones 
are in full communion wilh the Churchc at Concord as altc^Is • 

Johnfillnt.' 

Jnne9*iri77.+t Mr. John Iloljoke of Springfeild a mcmherofy'church 
there in full eomunion: a householder & above 24. yeare of age deaiicB to 
he adnUUed to y' frcc^lomc of ihia Collony ailesied 

John Pynelion. 

JTheae psoas are in full Comunion with ihc Church of Christ in Woo- 
knni desiring iheir freedome 

Jolin ■n'.ilkcr 

John Cai-ier 

John Berlieano 

[On Ihe snme pnper.^ James Illake in full Comunion iviih j' church in 

^&rehocler& 24 years of age. [No signature.* 

1. Ifuirirli, 18, 13. Sec, nlsn, Jmali n{ SiInB, 219, 230. , ._ a • 

lj« iii»rk i« on lilt orisinsl nnper, liul why is rot fully »]ip[ircnl . . , 

■e following cnuies are wiuiont daw, but aro believed ig bo all of 1S7T, 




44 Early "Freemen" in JVew England. [Jan, 

Steuen Grecnlef Jiinir 
Jacob tapin 
Relcherd bartlet Junir 
these are Members of the Churlch of Nubery in full Comunion. 

[No signature.] 

John Eaton 
Samael Lamson 
Henery Merow 
Sebred Tailor 
Tbeae are members in full Comunion in y' Church of Redding. 

I No signature.} 



TTie names of 


for freedom 

Mr. Samuel] Nowell 
Mr. John Phillips 
Cbristofer Goodin 
James Millar 
Mr. John Blaney. 


1 with the Church of Christ 
[No signature.] 


SBrauell Stodder 
Andrew lane 
John tucker 
Are membere of Ihc Church of llingham in 


full Coiiiunior 

[No: 


1 (ksire to b« 
signalure.] 


Joseph Parmeter 
« householder & member of ihe Church of Bro 





•ires to be a freeman of (his Comonneahh. 

[In another hand.] Samuel Wintworlh 
a bousehoMcr ft. in full comunion with y* Church of Doner desires the 
Sreedom of tliis comon wealth. [No signature.] 



John Wales Senior 
A member of the Church of Clirist in Dorchester desires his freedome.* 

[In another hand.] John White sen' 

of Muddy Kiuer [now Brookline] being in full Comunion with the Cliurch 
«f Boxbury desiereth tiia Freedom. [No signature.] 



Salem Mr. Jn" Hnlhome 

Manaaser Marstcn 
Henry Skery Jun 
«I1 in ftjll Comunion. [No signature.] 



m9.} An Old Printing Prett. 46 

The namec of those men which dcGiar to lak tber freedum 
Nalbaniell Gaj* William Auerf 

Thomas Aldrijgc Jonatban Auer^ 

^I'athaaiell Kingsbery John Weare 

ibeie ar all members in full Comunion In Dedham Church as attest 

Douieli ffisher 

John Rogers 

John Bayhe 
■re boaseholden !c members of the Cliiirch of Waymouth in full Commw 
■ion de<ire the freedome of this Comon wealth. 

p'sented bj the Deputy of y' Towne 

rfcerB of the of J* first Church [Boston] To be made ffreo ( 

William Gibson r 

Nathan id 1 Barnes I 

Edward Ashley ; 

ofy* North Church 
Tbcophilus Thornton 
John Jon so [Jones.] 
In the ftbove collection of applicants for freedom it la not certain tliat 
we h*ve all or any considerable part of those who did apply. Such are 
prtn as happened to be within our reach. They may, however, be aU 
tiiat applied in the year 1677 at the General Court. The number ap- 
riving at the Quarterly County Courts may have been much greater. 
From hence some notion may be gathered of what the number of free- 
men majr have amounted to in the course of ffty-seven i/ears. From 
1630 to 1648, there aro recorded! ""* thoumnd eight hundred and 
nine. This number arose through a course of eighteen years. 

At some future tiiae, as already hinted, we intend to give as fall » 
Est of the early preeukn of New England as we can procure. Mean- 
time our correspondents aro requested to consider this a direct call 
«pon them to help us in this corner stone of our New England liistoi^. 



AN OLD PRINTING PHESS. 
following appears lo have been cut from the St. Mary's (MJ.) G»- 
Mte, and in^ried in llie Boston Transcript of 30 October, 1846. It come* 
Aillj wilhifl Ifae range of our work, ood we therefore givo it a place: — 

"But few of our readers arc aware, we expect, that ihe press upon wbicfa 
our little sheet is printed, is the oldest now in use in the United Slates and 
probably in the world. Yet such is the fact. The press now used by ua 
Eiai been in almost constant service for more than a hundred years. Upon 
itHU printed The Alar^land Gazette, the earliest paper published in ihc 
ince of Maryland, and one among the very first in America. Upon it, 
waa printed the first volume of the laws of Maryland that ever ap> 
d. It b constructed somewhat on the Ramage principle, and retjuirw 
pulls, though two were origioally sufficient to produce a good impre«- 
ll ia truly a venerable object. 



^0 

r w«pi 



W' 


Wobum Burying- Ground. 


^ 


1 


WOBURN BURTING-G ROUND. ^^B 




Richarcbon 


Malliew s of Tbonias & Rebeckah 


Feb 11 1723 I-IO^ 


Bwk 


James s ol" Samuel & Abigail 


Dec S 172S 9y 


Tyng 


Johnalhtin Esq' 


Jan 19 17-23-4 81 


Siohq 


Abigjiil w ol" Dea Samuel 


May 11 17lf(7l 


Wymaa 


Samuel 


May 17 l72J»bout58 


Coggen 


Ukpt John 


Feb 17 172J 50 


Wiun 


Elisalelt w of Timotby 


Hayl41714aboHt34 


Walker 


Judelb w of Dea Samuel 


Nov 14 1724 57 


BartweU 


Preuilla d of Joseph & Ruliamah 


Aug 28 1725 15y 8-8 


Wrigbt 


Pbebe d of Josiab k Uuih 


Dee 7 1724 Sy 


Carter 


Euth Hf of Lieut John 


Jan 10 1724 53 


Hill 


Doct Isaac 


Jan 9 1728 39 


EichardfioD 


Susanna w of Samuel 


Aug 6 172fi 42 


Flegg [Flagg 


] Col Eleazer Esq 

A fmlhrnl ClimCun, uul n pioos Htct 
to any in distress, a checrfal girer. 


July 12 1726 56 








The widovs solticB in a donlnfnl rase, 






Ye« and a fulher Id the fatherleu. 






A Tender liusbatid. nod a piirent kind, 






a FHithr^I rnend.nliich wlio, irho ran God. | 




All Ihia wftB be ond mora, but now al rc-t. 






the memor; oTlbe ri^'hiuuus man is lileti. 




Bichanbon 


Susanna w to Josiab 


Mar 6 1726 about 29 


Wright 


Abigail w of John 


Apr 6 1726 84 


Carter 


Lieut John 


Apr 8 1727 75 


Bicbimkoa 


£!<tber wid to Nathan 


No» 10 1727 277 


'Btanchard 


Jonathan s of Jauob &. Abigail 


Sept 14 1727 7y 


Carter 


William 8 of Samuel & Margery 


Oct 6 1728 1-11-11 


' « 


Margery 


Sept 23 1728 3-8-6 


Convers 


Benjamin s of Cap' Robert & Mary 


Aug 17 1729 ll'^y 


Bdknnp 


Rulhd of Samuel &:LydiB 


June 27 17:!4 2-7-16 


Harlwi'll 


John B of Joseph be Huhnmnh 


May 1 1734 9y 6at 


Ali?xanilur 


Philip 8 of FlulipJr& Sarah 


May 13 1734 I8y 


Wright 


James 


Jan G 1734-5 5D 


Reed 


Abigail d of Lieut Thoraaaic Sarah Deo 7 1736 15-6-14 ] 


" 


Lieut ThomaB 


Aug 18 1736 54-1-25 ' 


Pool 


Jonathan s of Jonathan Esq & Esihe 


r July 23 1736 7-11-16 


■Wood 


KulhdofJo8ial.& Abigail 


Aug 2 1736 37r 


Riclinrdfon 


BHdgel d of Capt Stephen & Bridget Sept 27 I73r, 14y 


Snow 


Esther w of Isaac 


Mar 30 1737 33 


Reed 


Sarah wid of Lieut Thomas 


June 21 1737 49.1-17 


Eiuliardson 


Tabitha w of Nathan 


Not 25 1739 33y 


■Sawyer 


Joshua 


Mar 1 1737-8 54 


Bnoi 


Eslberd of Isaac & Esther 


Apr 12 1739 5y 


;Richard9on 


Mary w of Thomas d to John & Jo- 




anna Russell 


Jan 11 1741-2 29-8-7 


BiMks 


llimnab w John 


Apr 14 1742 26 


Richardson 


Lucy A Joshua & Eupiice 


Dec 2 1741 ly 


Kendall 


Elisabeth w Lieu' Samuel 


Jan 10 1741-2 54y 


r 


. ^^ 


^- 



^ 



J849.] EaTly Phyxiciam of Marietta, Ohio. 47 



I 



RAPIIICAL SKETCHES OF THE EARLY PHTSICIANS 
OF MARIETTA, OHIO. 
(By S, P. HiufHETH, ^L 1),, of MfiticKa,*] 

colony rounded by ihe New Englunders on Kie b^nks of llie Ohio in 
1788. Riiu-ktf an interesting era in the history of our country. From that 
feeble beginning in the wilderness, surrounded by §uvage and hoslilu tribes, 
has proceeded the gigantic slate of Oluo, with all its magnificent improve- 
menla anil numerous population. 

Steamboats crowil the ti-ibuiarica as well as the mighty wafers of the 
Mifbdipjii, the father of river;', while canals and rniirouds intergect the 
eomtry, uniting the distant portions with each other. The sons of ihc pu- 
ntaas were the projectors of these improvements, as well on the vast fresh 
water seas of the West, aa on the shores of the Ohio. It is a tribute justly 
dae la ihe memory of the men wlio witnessed these evenla. aud whose Uvea 
and characters have been creditable to the land of their birth, that iheir 
Darned ^ould be preserved. As a class, no order of men has done more to 
pramole the good of mankind and develop the resources and natural his- 
tory of our country, than physicians; and wherever ihe well educated in 
tkal profession are found they are uniformly seen on the side of order, mo- 
TaLly, science, and religion. Of the nine individuals noticed in the Ibllow- 
mg cketcbcs, seven were born in New England. 

DOCTOR JABEZ TRUE 

WM bom in ITampstead, N. H., in the year 17C0. His father, the Rev. 
Hpnry True, was bom in Salisbury, Mass , in 1725, prepared for college 
at Dummer's Academy, and graduated at Cambridge in 173(1. The Rev. 
Hr. Bernard of Haverhill, was his Instrudor in the study of Divinily, and 
10 175'i tie was settled in the ministry at Hnmpslead. His wife wos a Sliss 
Ayers of IlaverhilL He was ihe father of len children, nine of whom lived 
to adult age. In the "Old French War" he served as chaplain to one of 
Ibc colonial regiments at Ticonderoga and Fort Edword. It van (he prac- 
tice of that day with the New England clergymen, when academies and 
btgli schools were rare establish men Is, to prepare young men for college. 
Mr. True had a class of tliis kind, amongst whom was his son Jabez, where 
he obtained a knowledge of Ihe learned languages and English grammar 
sufficient to read medicine to advantage. Having selected this branch for 
a profession, he studied the healing art under Dr. Flagg of Hampstend. a 
papular but very eccentric man, highly eminent as a physieinn and much 
uteemed by his friends. Dr. Tnie having finished his studies near the 
close of the Revolutionary War, volunteered his services in the defence of 
(lie country by entering as the surgeon of a privateer, filling out for a cruise 
U tile town of Nowburyporl, distant fifteen miles from hia home, and sniled 
fftr Europe. Soon after reaching their cruising ground and before many 
priicB were taken, the vessel was wrecked on the coast of Holland, thus 
closing nliniptly his prospect of wealth. The shipwrecked mariners were, 
received kindly by the Hollanders, amongst whom the doctor remained until 
the cessation of hostilitiea, when he returned to America. In a few tnonihs 

• W« (xg pinion of Ihe nnlhor for i 
h) hai done too moch for Iho litCTumrc 
^rUielr incDrworic, It ii unnenssary i 




Early Phyticiant in Marietta, Ohio. [Jan. 

after thi.i he entered on iho practice of nxidicine in Gilmanlon, N. II , wher« 
he ntmnincd three or four years. Tlie Oliio company vaa organised ia 
1767, nnd feeling a sirong desire to visit the enchanling regions in the tbI- 
ley of iho Ohio bo admimbly described by the writers nnd travellers of (hat 
Any, he became nn lusoeiale, and bidding adieu lo the land of his birth, came 
out in company with a fumily from Ncwlmryport, reaching the mouth of 
the Mu»kingum early in the summer of 1788. The settlement nl Mariells 
had then but few perHons in it. The country was covered vritb a denw 
forest, and there wiu more employment for able bodied men in clearing 
lands nnd building log cabins than for phyiiicians. Nevertheless he vaa 
not dUhenrtened, but erected a Bmall log office for his books and medicine, 
a iihort distance from the bank of (he Sfiiskingum, on what \a now called 
Muskingum street, near the dwelling of Mr. William Moulton, a goldsmith, 
from Newburyport, in whose fumily he boarded for several years. At the 
breaking out of the Indian war in January, 1791, he received the appoint- 
ment of surgeon's mate to the infantry and rangers, employed by the Oluo 
oomjtany'ii du'octors at Ktarieltn, with a salary of tweitty-lwo dollars a month, 
which wa< a weleomo and timely aid during the years of privation which 
attended llio wnr, and sorely tried the resources of the most able among tba 
Inhubitnnti. This appointment was held until near the close of the war. 
During the most gloomy imd disheartening periods, schools were kept up \>f 
lh« Inhaliilauts, ns they all hod lo go into garrisons; the New Englandert 
deeming the instruction of their children one of their most important dutiea. 
Dr. True taught u school a part of the time in a large lower room of one of 
the btuck-houses hi the garrison at "the point." While they were in their 
lolUtary defences the small |k>x and scarlet fever, in addition to other di» 
nUM of the climate, broke out amongst the inhabitants, and the doctor had 
to vinlt weveral of the stations to attend on the sick. At that period there 
were neither roads nor bridges, and the intercourse between the poeta was 
carried on tiy water in oimoi^s, no one travelling (he forests but the ranger* 
aud hunter*, tl was several years after the peace of 179a before niada 
were ii|H'ncd, and (he visits of (he physician, as well as the in[ercaurse of 
the *e((li'rs, wert> sdll kept up on the water- In descending the Ohio, bj 
)tm)|ung in the middle of (ho stream, little danger was apprehended; but 
Ui nHuriiing up stream, the canoe was necessarily near the shore, and- the 
traveller in wmstani danger from the riHe of the savi^. During many 
ktuarttuuii trips on visits of mercy to the sick and wounded, he was provi- 
dMitintly preserved from harm. In alYer life he was celebrated for hta 
•yiu)iM(h^v wi(h the ottticted, having himself suffered much from disease. So 
hinder wa* he tu the prejudices of hb patients, that he seldom prescribed 
wlthuiil flnt consulting their opinion as to the medicine to be taken ; and if 
(hey bwl tuiy particular ohjedioa to the article, it «a^ changed tt> suit their 
bul». uittvw it WM rtailv neceitsary in trt.<ating the disease that the objee- 
tkauiblv mcdiciue jAonA/ tw taken. The n»utt of his calm, deliberate yaAg- 
itt»u( wan grnerultjr rorreet, and his treatnent of d'seases remarkably aoo- 
wwtlXil, which was doubtlcM in port owing to its simplit-liy ; for it is k 
hHiM>utabU> tact that luauy die fnxu too many and improper remedies, >3 well 
W fVoM tha (tisettie itself. After the close i>f th« wv ke built a small fraiaa 
dw«)UHg kmiw and olBcv, (uruing his atteatioo to the ctvering ami cnlRvafe- 
hw ^ tittle fkrw about a mik above the town, ou the twtk of tlur Ohto. Ha 
•tui KtuaiiMKl a bNchvtor, until the year 1806, whva h* uwnM !ktc«. MOK 
lW rcUc4 of CkpL (!h>rt«« MilK a v«ry auiiaUo »mI WAwUmt weMi^ 
Hmt inakkn uiue was Soruh Bi>ardm«u,B uaitv«ut''tb» tuw*«f Wneikaa^ 
Mh>> lu the year |T9^ b« bcoaow vailed to the <.'wiy g M to aa l cfantk 



^J 



IM9.] £arly Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. 49 

Ib HwicUa, nnitcr the pastoral care of the Ecv. Daniel Slorj, an ancle of 
tlw Ikte Judge Slory of Cambridge ; ihis was the earliest religious pociely in 
Ohio. In this cburcb he was tor many years a deacon, fulfilling the diities 
of thai sacr«d office with great fidelity. His charity for the poor, and es- 
{lecially ilir sick poor, was unbounded, and only limited by his Bcaniy 
tneuis : often bestowing on them a large portion of the avails of his attcnd- 
moce on richer patients. It was many years after the settlement of the Ohio 
mmpany before bridges were built. During this tinie he was the principal 
(■hysiciao for Marietta and the odjaecnt country ; extending his rides to 
iwentj' and lliirty miles, swimming his horse across the streams, with no 
rt«d bat foot paths and the old Indian tnkils marked out by blaxes on the 
ireea. The people were generally poor and had but little to spare for the 
MTTioe* of the doctor. With liiro, howuver, it made but lillle difference 
whether the patient was poor or rich ; be was always ready, when his health 
peraiiited. to attend on their calls and to divide his last dollar wlih those 
*ho needed. A practical proof of his equanimity of temper, generosity, and 
fergjring disposition, even to (hose who bad done him an injury, nos related 
H the writer by the transgressor himself. The doctor was an ardent ad- 
mirer of fine fruit, and had cultivated with much care some of the choicest 
Tuieiies of apples and pears in a small garden near his house. Araon^l 
ibem WMS a tree of the richest kind of summer sweeting apple, to which the 
Deighbouring boys paid daily visits whenever the doctor was out of the way. 
Junes Glover, a parlinlly blind, near sighted man, well known to the inhab- 
ilanca of Marietta many years since for his natural, ready, and keen wil, 
Uk (hen a stout boy, fourteen or tifteen years of age, hearing the other lads 
cpcak of the line apples in the doctor's garden, concluded he would also try 
them ; so one night a little after bed time he mounted the tree and began 
filling his bosom and pockets with fruit. Making a rustling among the 
branches the doctor happened to hear him, and coming out into the garden, 
InekiDg up into the tree he espied Jomea and hailed him. James was 
obliged to answer and give his name, "Ob, James, is that you? Why 
Junes you are on the wrong tree ; that is the summer sweeting. Come 
^vn, pome down my lad, and I will help you to get some," This was in- 
dwd the fact, but in his hurry he had not yet made the discovery of his 
BiHlake. James came down very slowly, expecting rough treatment, and 
ihe kind language of the doctor only a "ruse" to get him within his reach. 
Bat he was pleasantly disappointed. The doctor, instead of using harsh 
wor* or beating the aggressor, as most men would have done, took a polo 
uhI knocked off as many apples as he could carry, and dismissed him with 
the request that when he wanted any more to call on him and he would 
UMM bim in getting them. James, however, never visited the tree again, 
■ad £d all in his power to prevent the other boys from doing so. 

P«r several of the last years of his life, he held the office of county trea»- 
mw, which afforded him a moderate salary without much toil, and enabled 
him to extend his charities to the new societies for the propagation of the 
go^l, and other benevolent purposes, which came into notice about thirty 
rears ago, and of which he was a xealous promoter. His house waa the 
home of all itinerating preachers of the Congregational and Presbyterian 
wtts who visited the town and were engaged in the cause of religion. 
Ssmoel J, Mills, the projector of foreign missions, spent two weeks with 
Urn in 1812, when was formed the "Washington County Bible Society," 
which is still in full operation, and was the first in the valley of the Ohio. 
lie wai tlio " Gaiu*" of Marietta, although for its population it abounded in 
nmi tcolous and liberal in promoting all good works. In his domestic rein- 



Early Phynkiaiis of Marietta, Ohio. [Jan. 

lions Ihe doctor was very liappy. His wife was a cheerful, hamble and 
sincere Christian, wilh a lively, benevolent temperament, ever ready lo aid 
in all his works of eharity. ]}y this union he had no issue, but the childrea 
of his wife were treated with all the love and tenderness he could hare be- 
Atoned on his own. In person Dr. True was tall and spiirc, with »iinpU 
but not ungrareful manners. Hie eyes ^rey and graall, one being destroyed 
hj a disease of the optic nerve ; willi full, projecting brows ; nose largt and 
aquiline ; forehead ralher low, but face mild and ex]>ressivc of b^nevoltnOe. 
He was a man of whom no enemy coold say hard things, and whom every 
one loved and resiweted. lie died in 1823, aged 63 years, of the prevaiKng 
epidemic fever. His memory is still cherished by the descendunls of lbs 
«arly pioneers, for his universal charity, simplicity of manners, and oincerA 

DOCTOR THOMAS FABLKt 
Was the son of Genera! Farley of old Ipswich, Mass. The year of bis birtJi 
iE unknown, but probably was about ilie year 1761 ; as by an old mtrau- 
script recipe book now in the possession of the writer, it is ascertained that 
lie studied medicine in 1782, at Salem, with Dr. Holyoke. He came to 
Marietta in the spring or summer of 1788, the same year wilh Dr. Tma 
He was the attending physician of General Varnum, one of the judges vt 
the North West Territory, who died at Marietta of ransumption. in Janu- 
ary, 1789, as appears from hia bill of all«ndnnce found among the pap«n 
of the administrator. Col. Joseph Barker, one of the early settlers, saytcf 
him, " He was a modest, amiable young man, always ready to obey the c^i 
of humanity, and bad the good will and confidence of all who knew him.'' 
The country being new, and but few people in the settlements, he becfinw 
discouraged nnd returned to his former home in the autumn of 1790, and 
(lid not return again to the lerrilory. His subsequent life and place of re>- 
Uence are unknown. 

DOCTOR SOLOMOS DEOIVN 
Was a native of Rhode Islnud, and came out to Marietta as one of the pro- 
prietors and agents of the Ohio Laud company, in the summer of 1788. It 
does not appear that lii: intended to settle iu the country as a pliysioiaa, 
although be attended on General Varnum as eonsulting physician in the 
sickness of which he died, in .lanuary, 1789. Ho was educated at Brawn 
University, R. I., and was a man of literalum and classical elegance aa • 
writer. The directors of the Ohio company selected him to jironounc« tbp 
eulogy at the funeral of General Varnum, which was published at Newport 
B. L, tlie same year. He also delivered the first address on the seveoth M 
April, 1789, the anniversary of the landing of the settlers at MariettSi 
which day was siriclly ubwrvcd for many years as a public festival, and it 
yet commemurated by "picnic" pariiea. This was also published but ib 
now rare. At the breaking out of the war with the western tribes, he rft- 
tumed lo Rhode Island and was appinted Professor of Bolnny and Natural 
History in Brown University, which post he filled for many years. Thu 
tiiae of his death is unkaowu. 

DOCTOR WILLIAM PITT PUTNAM 
Was the fourth son of Col, Israel FuUuun of Brooklyne, Connecticut, and 



L 



1M9.] Earli/ Phi/sunana of MuriMa, Ohio. 51 

Ae gmntUoB of General Israel Pulnam. He was bom ihe lllh of Decem- 
tor, 1770 His boyhood w.is s.peTit on a farm in tbe i-ounlrj', on which hs 
wgrfcei] in tfae summer, and aitendfd tbe public »;liooi» of ihe to^rn in tbe 
wnler- At tbe age of fburteen years he, wilh bis brother Dnniel. iibont 
two j«ar» older, was placed under the tuition of the Rev. Josinb Whilney, 
D Dt., Ihe minLster of Brooklyne, who remained for sixty years the paster 
of 1 Congregational church in that town, and died at the age of ninctj. 
With him they boarded throush the week, going home on Salordnys, Un- 
der his cure he Mudied English Grammar and Latin for two years. At the 
•(EC of etshteen he began to read medicine under the inslnietion of Dr. Al- 
^gcn«e Waldo of Pomfrel, Connecticut, who was distinguished as a surgeon 
in the tirmy during the war of tbe Revolution, and now proelised in that 
bntnch only. With him he remained two years. In 1791, lie atlendett • 
troirse of medical lectures at Cambridge University, delivered by Drs. 
W«rrpn and Waterhouse, both celebrated as professional men and leBchew 
rf Uini dsj. In May, 1792. he left his home for Marietta in the N. W. 
Territory, as apiiears from a letter from his father to Griffin GreHn, Esq., 
neommviniing him to his favor and patronage. Col. Pntnam voa ft pro- 
prietor 'm the Ohio eompany, and hod visited Marietta in 1738, reluming 
jut before the breaking out of the war in 1790 for his family, but thought 
il imprndent to bring ihera on until peace was restored, which took place 
fir* years after. On his arrival, which was in the midst of the war, he 
unmen«.'d ihe practice of medicine, spending a portion of the lime at Bel- 
pre, where bis brother, A. W. Putnam, had resided since the departure flf 
bis father. The encouragement was little or none ; inhabitants few in 
amaber, while the ravages constantly watched the settlements, and every 
(HH^a life was in daitger who ventured out many rods from the garrison. 
tJnder these circumstances he remainei] at Marietta until the year 1704, 
* I be pelumed to Connecticut, and married Miss Betbia GIvssan, the 
ler of Dr. Glyssan of Woodatock in that stale. In 1795, in company 
IIP father and family, he returned with his wife and re.cumed the pnio 
In 1797 he purchased the city square on which Col. Mills now re- 
I, containing sis acres, and erected a small frame house on the spot 
wbere tlic mansion now stand*, in which his brother David and family Jived 
on Ifctir removal to Marietta the-following year. Finally, in 1799, finding 
naiy difficulties in the practice of medicine in a new connlry, and tbe peot- 
ijk genei^lly poor, although be had a full i^hare of their patronage and con- 
Hence, tie purchased a tract of two hundred acres on the Ohio river, eight 
miln above Marietta, and commenced clearing a farm. The fatigues and 
exposnn^ of this new occupation in the heal of summer broup;ht on an at- 
tack of btlions fever, of which he died the 8th of October, 1800. leaving no 
JMiK to liiMir onward his name. His widow subsequently married General 
Cdward Tupper, and is yet living in Gallijiolis. In person Dr. Putnam 
wan tail and commanding, with a cl)eei^ul, lively countenance and genteel 
aUnM. He was a successful practitioner, and his early death was a seri- 
ooi loas to the country. 



DOCTOR NATHAN M''lNTOBn 

Wh tlie son of Cul. 'William Mcintosh of Needham, Massachusetts, and 
born in the year 17C3. His father was a man of consi<lernble note, com- 
mandins ^ company of infimlry in the continental army, and subsequently 
a coloiiel in the militia. He was one of the delegates in the convention at 



I 



Earlif Phyticiana nf Marietta, Ohio. [Jan. 

idoptiun or the Conslitution of llie Uniled 
: education, his son Nathan studiei] medi- 
cine ill Boston, alwut the yi^ar 1786. Soon afler the fonnalion of the Obis 
company, he decided on aeeking liis fortune in the West, and lefl Itis fallter'a 
bouse in 17S8, travelling on horseback as far as Uarri^burg, Pa , when 
bo was attacked with the small pox, suffering scTcreljr ivith thai lutilhsoma 
disease. Aflcr his recovery, in 1789, he proceeiled into the vicinity of 
Hagerstown, Md., and commenced the practice of medicine. It is unknown 
how succi!ssful he was, but in 1791, afler remaining a while in CUirksbur^ 
Va , he raoTed to Marietta, soon al\cr the breaking out of the Indian war, 
nothing daunted by the hazard of such a step. Soon after his arrival, in 
(he spring of that year, he was appointed surgeon's mate to the garrison at 
Waterlbrd, twenty miles above the mouth of the Aluskingum, with ratiooa 
and pay of twenty-two dollars a month. This amount, though small, waa 
at a time when there was little opportunity for private practice, and waa an 
acceptable service. In this post he remained about two years, and becom- 
ing acquainted with Miss Rhoda Shepherd, the daughter of Col. Enoch 
Shepherd and the niece of General Shepherd of Massachusetts, he married 
ber in 1702. Id the spring of the next year he received an invitation fron 
the inhabilnnts of Clatksbui^, Va., to come and practise medicine in tbat 
place, which he ncceplcd. In July following he returned for his wife an4 
child, a distance of eighty mites, with an escort of eighteen men to conduct 
bcr through the wilderness to Harrison county. The journey was performed 
an harsebnck, at the imminent hazard of life from the Indians, who con- 
stantly waylaid the paths on the routes between the settlements. His prt^ 
fessional business was very successful and quire profitable, as it was a aet- 
ttement many years older than that at Marietta. Being full of advenlnre 
and the New England spirit of improvement, he contracted to build a bridg* 
across the west branch of the MonongaheJa river at Clarksburg, and war- 
ranted it to stand for a certain period of time. It is a large stream, and 
aubject to sudden floods, from its vicinity to the mountains. Soon after its 
completion a great freshet swept it away, to tlio great damage of the doctor. 
In 1795, he returned with hb family to Marietta and again resumed the 
practice of medicine. lie was now quite a successfVil operator in sur^ry, 
and some difficult cases treated skilfully increased his reputation with tin 
public, so that he had at command a large share of business. His fine ped> 
tonal appeanince, aided by a rich fashionable dress and gentlemanly man- 
ners, greatly promoted his favor with the community. He was naturally 
possessed of a kind, conciliating disposition, ready to attend to the calls M 
Ihe distressed, or oblige his neighbours by any act of courtesy within hit 
power. In proof of his charily and good feeling for the unfortunate, hii 
treatment of the present Elder Jacob Young, a noted Methodist preacher, 
may be favorably cited. Mr. Young was one of the earliest ministers of 
that Beet in the North West Territory. In 1805, during one of his itinei^ 
ant rambles through the forests of the West, he was attacked with n fever, 
and lying nl a house about a mile distant from the doctor's, sent for him to 
visit him. Perceiving his unpleasant predicament amongst strangers, he 
offered to take him to his own home, where he could both nurse him and 
administer medical aid to better advantage. The offer was accepted ; nnd 
af)er a long and tedious illness he was restored to health. For ten dnya 
nnd niglils of the most dangerous period of his disease, lie remained con- 
Btantly by the bed side of his patient. Like the gt>oct Samnritan of old, aH 
thiG was done without the hope of fee or rewanl, save the pleasure of doing 
a good acL In the summer of 1847, forty-two years af^er this event, f' - 



^ A 



1W9-] Farli/ FhyKicians of Marietta, Ohio. 53 

Afecnble elder, now near 80 jcars old, when at Marietta, visited llie Iiouse, 
■tt he might once more look at thu room in which he so long lay under the 
cm of the benevolent doctor. About ihia time a new rra commenced in 
fan xAirs, which changed alt his future views of life. In the year 180], 
Abel M. Sargent, who had been a Baptist preacher in New Jersey and lat- 
terfj &l Clarksburg, Va., moved to Bclprc, twelve miles below Marietta, 
wWre he preached for the Congregational society one season. Soon afler 
tius be origiuBled a new religious sect, the followers of which were called 
"HalcyoDs." In one of his publications, which were numerous, he styles 
Umseii the "Halcyon, Itinerary, and true Millennium Messenger," saying 
■that the millennium has commenced its lirst openings, and that Christ's 
■eeond coming is now at hand." "I have received mj authority to mako 
llnB report irom the Lord. I have received it by divine revelaLion, and 
lare received my commandment of God to bear this Testimony, and to dc- 
Srer Ihia message publicly, Jirit to the visible church, thtn to the world at 
Inge.** Filled with the importance of his message, which he appeared fully 
lo bdUeve, he travelled from place to place along the Ohio river, from Lou- 
inille to Morgontown on the Monongnhela, preaching the new doctrine and 
ipraading hij laith by numerous printed tracts. In this wild region, where 
preachers of any kind were scarce, the novel doctrine caught the ailenlion 
tf tbe borderers, and many followers soon joined his standard. The Hal- 
ejvu tencla eecm to have embraced many of the views of the modern Mil- 
krites, combined with a portion of the Mormon faith. He pretended to 
hold intercourse with angels, heal the sick, and procure immediate answers 
&aiD heaven to his prayers. He was a man of considerable learning, pro- 
fcond in the knowledge of the Scriptures, as well as a ready, fluent speaker. 
Parity of heart and life was inculcated on all his followers, and the indul- 
gEDce of the animal passions forbidden. Among the stricter members veg- 
edble food and milk formed llieir diet. Sy living in a pure and temperate 
nanner it was taught that man might prolong his days, without sickness, to 
tbe Hge of the patriarchs. Immortality and happiness was the reward of 
thorn who anxiously strove for and desired it with all the heart ; while the 
wicked and the careless were annihilated at death, or literally burnt up. 
Hnnbers were admitted to the church on a confession of their failh in the 
Baleyon doclrine, and their initiation manifested by ihe rile of baptism, which 
wai done by wading into the river and pouring water over the bead from a 
tAter cnp, which Sargent kept for this use. A continual warfare was 
wt^jftA with all other sects, as this was the only true one. A number of 
piMchers sprung up under his instruction, amongst whom were several fe- 
mlrn They had frequent prayer meetings, and assembled oflen fur cx- 
iNrlation anil singing from the Halcyon hymn book, exhibiting much love 
nd hospitality in their intercourse with each other. Many of Sargent's 
tetwti hnrmnnized with ihe feelings and views of Dr. Mclnlosb, and he tie- 
amK a sincere and devoted believer of his doctrines. From the extrava> 
naces of some of the leaders, profesaing lo work miracles and raiw the 
dead, the sect, in the course of six or eight years, greatly declined and 
~f became extinct, the members generally Incoming Universalists. Dr. 
"wh, however, continued lo write and lo lecture on that and other kin- 
cts, especially on the mystery of the Urim and Thumtnim and 
t all Xfcrtt societies; to which nnd lo slavery he was violently op- 
The favorite spot for his public discourses was the market house, 
wiere he often hnmngiied the assembled citizens wilh great earnestness 
and considerable eloquence, having a ready flow of language and agreeable 
Soon after the period of hb adopting the new doctrine, he in a 



Early Ph^Hiciam of Marietta, Ohio. [Jan- 

groAl measure declined the prarlice of medicine, and turned liis attenlion to 
the mjiiiuriicliire of bricks, eroding mjiny liuiUliiiga on conlrati, w«rkiny 
diligonily in the brickyRrd tta well as nith ihe trowel. He wns a man M 
great imluslry, Icmjipnite in nil his hubits, and of ilie atricteat Iionesiy ; pa»> 
BQMsing tim goodwill nnd ronfiilenra of tlie cpmmiimiy. He published » 
voliimf on llio science of "Scripmre CorresponUeiiciea," which is now nr& 
lie died of tlie epidemic fever in September, 1823, aged GI yuirs, leaving 
It family of four uonB nnd a daugliter. Ili^ two remaining 6aui rank among 
the moiit entorpriniiig men for we»hh H»d activity in business. 



DOCTOIt JOSIAn UART 

Waa Ixim in Dcrlin, Cnunccticul, about iJie year 173R. Of his early lifa 
little is known to Hie writer. He was prepareil for wllege by the Bev. Dr. 
Norris, and gradunled at Yale, in 17G2, At this Ume he had expected to 
■tudy divinity, but for Home cause he changed his views and rend medicino 
under Dr. Potter of Wallinglbrd, Cl.. a celebrated physician and preceptor 
of that day. In 17fi3, he married Miss Abigail Slumun of Stoning ton, and 
eommenced the pmclice of medicine in Wethersfleld, At the hreaking out 
of the War of Independence he was found on the side of his oppressed 
ooiinlry, and turned nui in defence of lier rights by serving as a surgeon of 
« rcgitnent in the UnitMl Slates Army for several years, and used, in after 
lifti, to desciibe with Krent minuteness some of the capital operations under 
his catf. In June, 1777, during the roost exciting period of the war, when 
Burguyne threatened to nverrun the country by dividing the New England 
■tates from the Middle nnes. he lost his wife, then the mother of eeveia 
children, four sons nnd three daughters. The hitter are yet living at veiy 
advanct^ ages in New Kiigland. Two of iho sons settled in Ohio. la 
^ 177tt, he luarrind Mr*. Abigail ilitrris. She was a descendant of John 
Bobbins, one of the Drsl settlers uf Woihersfictd, and a blood relation on 
the mother's side to the rotebraied Miles Standish. By the second mar- 
rlafin he hail thrt^ daugliters. They accompanied him to Marietta. Ohto* ' 
whnr« be removed after the death of his second wife, in 1796. One of 
tiMm i« y<et livittg near thai place, as well as several of hb grandchildrOL 
Of hU sHuulinji and cluunteler as a man a»d phr4cuui while living » 
W«lbvnJWU. Ur llriekiah Iteldeit. the town cWrk', ihuA writes: "He WM 
Ughlr W HWiHwl in ihis town as a physician. His natumlly kind feeing! 
«M W wllgtwM views made him al onc« the attentive phTstcian, tendec 
MfM. u4 IM p»r»U»siv0 teacher of righteousness As a member of sod- 
«t7 )h» wu tvctievted, lieWetl, ami trusted; disebarging the duties of ibr 
iPMtS tta^ t n i upon htm imm only with tidelily. t>ai wiih ability. He naor* 
Ikm OM« WW » n>|MTse>nlative ol'*th« town in ibe General A.«s«niblf of tb* 
HU*. aad uAoM BIM the ntwe iwpottMH town ofices, xs well as that (f 
Ahcwi in lkt> ehurvb, I knew hiiu well and loved hiia much : for fraca nrt 
Wtf ft M l recollnttou until he removevl to the n'e«t. he ww the &milY pfayi^ 
«iwi wk4 tuiinulv (Vivud of mt lather." The writer of ibk skeieb Snt 
kMw bfaa in liMW:. ai which tMae k» «w pnKtkuiy bi« taUing in SlafMdab. 
km Wt b««WM iuarM iwd fe«U» fraoi i««. Il« bd h««a wvned far aef-.' 
wA fMU* l« U* lUrJ wit^ Misa AnM MottliM. » anUea Wr ftom »n*w 
feMtrjr^Wh MwM. At tb* fiMraatM* of Ik* CtangMftfioMKi cWeb m Uaf*> 
MMw ■» I7»T. h» ttta elected ««w of ik» •*(«>«». vhirh sat«M b* (lied fiir/ 
IT* Al a ytwjf of lb^^ hw» of s*ie»<* which hr stBI rvtswed m 
ni\v bo stabnt thai k» t>#caM* « m^mlt e r of a cbcnitnl isociet;^ 




1S49.] 



Oriijival Selllers of SalMvri/, Mass. 



C5 



trmtfosfi of a feir j-nung men and eome of llie physicians of Marieltn, for 
tbHr muiual iniproTcmtnl. Meetings were held two or three evenings in 
n TF«k. for about four inonib?. A ileeent elieinteal nppuraluG tvns procured, 
and mosi of tlie experimenls exliiliiled in college leciureB were performed, 
nnder the direelion of D. C. Wnllflee, a ?ery iiiteltigenl drnggiet The 

[ innMUUione of eaeh evening were recorded in a journal, and ibe ibeorr of 
each experiment fully explained. 

Dr. Hrrl took a dirp interest in the fubjeet and viae a regular attendant. 
In 181 1, having becQme loo aged for praelicc, he luuved on to a furu ten 
ndlcs froni Marietta. He died in August, 1812, of the spotted fever, aged 
74 yearc. His wife died a few bourn after, and they were hoih buried the 
Mate doj-. Ill person Dr. Hart hhs below the medium size, hut well 
fenaed; nnintenance mild, pleasing, and intelligent, li 
gdUlemnDly and kind, exhibiting a true Chri^iian epirit in his 
«ilb his fellow men. Col. Jonnlhun Hart wna hia hro'her, a eiipmin in 
Hartnar's regiment, a line othcer and engineer, killed in St. Clair's defeat 
hf the Jndiang, in November, 1791. 

^J^^ [To bo continDcd.] 

OBIGINAL SETTLERS OF SALISBURY, MASSACHUSETTS. 
[CommuiiicBted iij Mil. TnoaitTON.] 



Tbe first 

1 Mr Sara: Dudley 
t » W- Woreester 
8 Mr. ffrences Done 
4 Kr. Henry Byly 
ft Xdward ffrencb 

7 Kch: Wells 

8 Jn' Rolfo 

9 Jno: Sander* 

10 Imac Bunnell 

11 ^hn Severans 
lllTTho: Bradbury 
IS A* Hodges 
14 Jiamh Cobimm 
IS-JiaMt Haddon 
M Jn* Bayly Sen' 
17 Henry Brown 
ISAni: Sadler 
19 Roilg: Eastman 
M Jnbn Steuena 
21 Rob: tElls 
M M' Sam: Hall 
M John Hoy t 
24 W- Iloldred 

Tbia 



Original list of y' townsmen of Salisbury in y* booke of 



2C Tli° Bamett :50 Rich: Singlelary 

27 John llsley \5l Tbo: Hauxworih 

28 W" Altin ' 52 Jn" Eyer Sen: 

29 W" Barnes 53 Thn; Roweli 

30 Rich: North 54 Jn° Dickson 

31 Abraham Morrill 55 Daniel! lad 

32 W" Osgood ,56 Jn" flhllar 

33 M' W" Hook '57 Tho: Carter 

34 M' .John Hall 56 Enotk Greeleaf 
*3G M' Oiri*lo: Batt 59 Rich: Goodale 

37 Rol)ert Pike GO Rieh Currier 

38 W" Partridg Gl Joseph Moye 

39 W Tho: Dumer 62 Andrew Greely 

40 Mr. Henry Mondey 63 Half Bliwdall 

41 Georg Carr 64 Robert Codnam 

42 Snm: tfelloea (55 John Wbeelar - 

43 W" Sargent 66 Tbo: Macy 

44 Jn" HariKon G7 Joseph Parker 

45 Phil: Challia 68 John Coles 
4i; Luke Heai-d 
47 Ant: Colby 

46 Jn" Bayly jun' 
49 Cliristian Browt 

y' book of Records: as 
Tho: Bradbury rec'. 
At« gen" meeting of y'towne of Salisbury .1": 12"' m" IG.JO 

Ua it wtts'ordered ait y* ttanie meeting that all wbose iiUDteB are hereTii- 



iruc Copic aa they were first listed i 



^■^ 66 Original SeUler» of SalUhuiy, Mats. 


[Jan. ' 


der written shall be accompted townsmen and oomonere and none 


but J" to 


this psent, y' b to say 






Mr. W" Worcester 


Jn": Coles 


Jn" Eaton 




Roht Pike 


Jn°; Rolf 


Edward ffVeticb 


( 


W- Pnrtridg 


Jn- Ihdey 


Mr. Henry Monday ] 


Rich: WelU 


Mr. Sam : Winsley 


Andrew Greely 




Mr. ChrUlo; Hall 


Mr. Tho: Bradhurj 


Isaac Bus we 11 




AV" BuaweU 


Sam: Gelcbcll 


Jn" Severance 




Jn° GiU 


Steven fllandera 


Sam : fTcIloes 




Rich: Singletary 


Robert Filta 


Mary Ha\ixworlh 


Jn" Slevrns 


W" Brown 


•In- Clough 




Jn° Dickison 


Roger E^lman 


Hen: Brown 




Tho: Carter 


Mr. Sam:Hnll 


W° Allin 




Rich: Goodale 


Abrahn Morrill 


W™ Bams 




V Rich: North 
^V" Huntington 


Mr Georg Carr 


M' W" Hoolte 




Jaret Hadon 


Jn": Bayly Sen 




Tho: Rowell 


Jno: Weed 


Nat: Rowell 




Tho: Mncy 


Anthony Colby 


Rich Currier 




Phil: Chaliis 


Tho:Barnett 


W" Sargent 




Josiah Cobham 


Georg Martyn 


Jn": Hoyt 




Mr. tlVnncis Doue 


+Jn'' Sanders 


W" Osgood 




Joseph Moja 


Rich: Ball 


+IIcn, Ambros 


■ 1 


+Rith: Coy 


Rich: Goodale jun' 


Anthony Newland 


Georg Goldiiyer 


Mr. Sam. Groom 


Widow BlBsdnll 


, 


This is a true Copie taken out of y' town Records for Salisburr \ 




Aa attests Tho: Bradbury. \ 


Ally'y'erx^se 


s ar against w' disallowed for bfing (owns 


mna.d 


CoiLoners 


Tho: Bradbury rec'. | 


Thia is 


a [rue cojiie of y" originall on file 






as attests Tho: Bradbury rec'. \ 


M' Wosicrs role for Stf": the 25: of December 1650, 




. John Bayly 


12 6 


Willi: Altin 


1-1 1 


3 5 


Georg Carr 


IS G 


Jarrcl Hiiddon 


6 10 


Tho: Carter 


8 6 


Tho: Rowell 


6 8 


Sam: Hall 


17 S 


Josiah Cobham 


8 5 


Roht. Ring 


1 n 


Willi: Salient 


7 4 


Robt. Pike 


10 8 


Phillip Chnllis 


7 6 


Jn°: Cole 


8 6' 


Jno: Weed 


4 G 


Willi: Partridg 


10 


Vnllenline Rowell 


4 6 


Willi: Barnes 


12 e 


Tho : Bamelt 


5 10 


Geon; Goldnyer 


18 »- 


Tho: Mar-y 


16 8 


Jn'. Eaton 


7 8 


Rich: Cnrrier 


4 G 


Jn": Rolf £1 


00 5 


Georf! Martyn 


3 G 


Mr. Moodey I 


9 i 


Jn°r lloyt 


6 fl 


Abrnha Morrill 


19 1 


Anlony Colby 


13 2 


Rich:Noith 


10 4 


WilH: Osgood 


U 8 


Rich: Goodale 


U. 


Jno: Clough 


9 5 


Edwai-d ITrench 1 


2 


Rndg: Knstman 


8 3 


Josc].li Moya 00 


4 


Jn'. Difki-'on 


8 4 


Mr. Ilooke 


10 1 


Henry Brown 

i- 


7 4 


Jn": IlUley 


11 10 



1849.] 



Otiffinal SetUert of SalUhuryy Ma»8, 



67 



Andrew Greely 
Mr. Sam: Winslej 
Rich : Wells 
Nath": Winsley 
Sam : Winsley 
Mr- Tho: Bradbury 
Isaac Buswell 
W«. Buswell 
Sam: Buswell 
Jno: Severans 
Jdo: GiU 
Sam: Getchell 
Sam : ffelloes 
Rich Singletary 
Steven fflunders 
Bell Willix 
Jn**: Stevens 
Rob : ffitts 
Widdow Sadler 
Mr. Batt 
He Blasdall 



£ 9 

6 

11 

10 

4 








4 
13 



10 
7 








6 
8 



06 

4 
9 
7 
3 
4 
11 
11 
2 

1 03 

G 







11 
9 
4 
6 


2 
5 
6 

6 
9 
7 
5 
3 
8 


10 



Samuel Hall 

The J mark of Isaac Buswell 

Edward ffrench 

Rich: Wells 



This is a true copie of ye originall on 
file as attests Tho: Bradbury 

Recorder. 



. A rate made \S^ 5^ m\ 52 for his 
halfe year due 24: 4: m® 



Edward ffrench 
Leift: Pike 
Georg Goldnger 
Jn^: Eaton 
W» : Partridg 
Jn* : Rolfe 
Mr. Monday 
Joo: Ilsly 
Andrew Greely 
Josiah Cobham 
Sam: Winsly Sen' 
Isaac Buswell 
Willi : Buswell 
Mr. Bradbury 
/no: Severans 



£ 
1 

1 






1 












00 
10 
15 

4 
19 
17 
03 
08 
07 
12 
09 
11 

7 

17 
12 



d 

04 
00 
03 
7 
8 
3 
08 
05 
03 
00 
00 
00 
08 
06 
11 



Jno : GiU 


£ 




06 


d 
06 


Sam: ffelloes 





07 


07 


Sam : Buswell 





06 


06 


Rich: Wells 





07 


08 


Rodg: Eastman 





06 


10 


Jn*: Stevens 





06 


09 


Robt. Fitts 





09 


07 


Jno: Clough 





12 


02 


Jno: Dickson 





08 


07 


Sam: Getchell 


. 


03 


05 


Steven fflanders 





02 


11 


Willi : Brown 





05 


00 


WilU: Osgood 





17 


04 


WiUi: Allin 





12 


03 


Henry Brown 





6 


09 


Thomas Carter 





05 


JO 


Mr. Hall 


1 


02 


02 


Mr. Hooke 





03 


04 


Rich : Goodale Sen' 





10 


02 


Rich : Goodale Jr. 





03 


07 


Rich : North 





07 


11 


Rich : Ormsbv 





12 


06 


Mr. Carr 





15 


07 


Mr. Coffyn 





12 


01 


Jno: Coles 





04 


10 


Mr. Rusels 





01 


06 


Sam: Winsly Sen' 





05 


04 


Nath" Winsley 





03 


08 


Barnabas Lams[on?] 





02 


06 


Joseph ffrench 





04 


04 


Robert Ring 





04 


09 


Tho: Robenson 





02 


10 


Widow Hawxworth 





04 


06 


Jo : Moys 





04 


06 


Edmond Elliot 





02 


06 


Jno : Wheler 





01 


.06 


Jn*»: Bayly 





01 


06 


Jn*^ : Maxfeild 





02 


06 



Sum 23 01 10' 



Sam : Hall 

Richard Wells 

Sam: Winsley 

Jn®: Stevens 
This is a true copie of y* originall 
Rale on file as attests 

Tho Bradbury Rec'. 



H 58 



~1 
Epitapht. \Saa, 



The following inscription is taken from a copy in Ihc nulograph of Ihe 
Rkt. Samoel Skwall of Borlingion, Ms.: 
"Tnacription in Concord Burying-Ground Nov. 22. 1811." 
GOD 
WUls us free i 

Man 

Wills us Blaves ; 

1 will, <u God wills; 

God's will be done. 

Here lies the body of JOHN JACK, a 

NatiTC of Africa, who died March 1773, 

Aged about sisiy years. 

Tlio bom in a land of Slaves, 

He was bom free ; 

Tho' be lived in a land of liberty. 

He lived a Slave, 

Till by his honest, tho' stolen labors 

He acquired the source of slavery. 

Which gave him his freedom : 

Tho' not long before 

Death the grand tirant 

Gave bim his final emancipation. 

And set him on a footing with kings. 

Tlio' a alftvc to vice 

He practiced those virtues, 

Without which kings are but Slaves. 

Bucklind Clark 

aged 3 years A; 

4 months died Nov' 

6* 1748. 

Also Elizabeth Clark 

aged 1 year & 2 months died 

OcL 20. nfll. The children 

^ of Hr. James & Kirs. Ruth Clarke. 

Here lyes y' body of Mrs. Eiizabethy 

Iloncwell, who died October ye 23. 1731 . 

in y' A&^ year of her age. 

Here lies the body of 
Mrs. Elizabeth Belcher — 
Widow to Mr. Joseph 
Belcher who deported this life 

Aug. 23. 1762. aged Gl years, h. 1701, 
Vo\>kA from Copps Hill Burying- Ground, April 9, ]8*«. .1. W. T 



!*».] Sventt in the Lif« of the Jjiiian VKiff Brant. 



PRINCIPAL EVENTS IN THE LIFE OF TIIE INDIAN 
CHIEF BRANT. 

[ContiaueJ from p. 348, Vol. 11. ] 

Since the publication of our article in the Journal, dcsignateil above, 
wvcral important facts have been diflcovcrcd by ns, serving to settle 
some circumstances in tfie life of the chief which before were quite un 
certain ; as, for instance, it ivaa mercij a conjecture resting, for aught 
we could discover, upon that almost certunly fallible source — tradition, 
that one of the five chiefs who visited the court of Queen Anne in 1710, 
WM the graodfalher of Brant ; but it is not remembered that there was 
a pretension that the grandfather's name was the same as that of our 
chief, namely, Brant, Now we arc able to set at rest a part, at least, 
of thia unsettled question. There has come into our hands an engrav- 
ing of one of the five chiefs, on a quarto sheet, executed during his 
atay in England, with this inscription : — 

Sa Ga Yean Qua Rash Tow. 

King of if Mar/uas. alias King Brant. 

Dime frovi y' Ufe ly 1: Faber. 
.Sold by I: Fahtr near f Savoy. ^ J: Khuj In ^ Puultry Lond^ 1710. 

It is proved by this that, first, one of the chiefs' name was Brant ; 
second, that our chief thus derived his name, and not from a white 
man, as was before concluded. And notwithstanding the costume and 
style of the picture arc different from the first described in our foraior 
article, yet that they were done from the same ptuntiug (or "y" life," 
as above expressed,) there is no doubt. The little variation in the 
spelling of tho name weighs nothing against this conclusion. 

It was contrary to tho custom of the Indians for children to be named 
after their father, yet Brant bore that of his grandfather. This cir- 
camstancc is most hkely to be accounted for in this way. Ilia grand- 
father was a chief of distinction, but there is nothing to show that his 
&ther was of any special consideration, further than from the mere fact 
of his being a son of a distinguished chief. Young Brant seems early 
to have been destined for distmetion, and there is no doubt, or at Icaat 
it b extremely probable, that Sir William Johnson was tho cause of his 
being named for bis grandfather. 

There was printed in London in 176T, a pmnphlut of this title: "A 
Bbief Narrative of the Indian Charity-School in Lebanon in Con- 
necticut, New England : Founded and carried on by That Faithful 
Servant of Gon Tlie Kev. Mr. Elcazar Whedock. The second Eni- 
no.v with an Appendix," 

Iq this work is contained the following memoir of Brant : — 

"Jote/A Brant, a Mokatck Itidian, and of n Family of DislinctioH in 
that Nation, was cduwited by Mr. Wheelock, and was so well accomplished, 
that ihe Rev. Charles Jtjfry Smith (a young gentleman, who, out of I^vc 
to CoRiST and ibe Soub of nicn, devotes his Life, nnd Sach a fortune as 



^m 60 

^^1 IB E 

^M Set 



JEvents in the Ufe of Hie Indian Chief Brant. [Jai 



Bufficient to support himself nnd an Interpreter, wliolly lo ihU gloriuus 
Service;) took liim for hia Interpreter, when he went on his Mission lo llic 
HSoliawia, near Three Yt'iirs ago. But the Wsr* breakini; out at thai 
Time between the back Indians and the English, Mr. Smith wna obliged 
to return ; but Joseph tarried, and went out with a Company against Ibe 
Btdians, and was useful in the War; iu which he behaved so much Like 
the Christian and tlie Soldier, that he gained great Esteem, He now Uvea 
in a decent manner, and endeavors to teach his poor Brethren the Things 
of Gou, in which his own Heart seems much engaged. His House is an 
Asylum for Miasionaries in that 'W'ildeniese." 

When wo had ])roceeded thus far in our account we received otlier 
important matter from the Rev, William Allen, D. D.,t which is as 
follows : — 

Extract of a letter from Dr. E. Wbeelock to the marquis of Lothian, 

" Lebanon, 7 July, 1763. 

" Iilr. Ciiarles Jeffrey Smith, a well accomplitihcd young gentleman, was 
ordained here last week with a view to a mission among remote tribeti of 
Indians, and he is this week set out on bis long Journey into the Indian 
country, with a promising young Mo/tawk 'from this school na his Inter- 
preter." 

That this young Mohawk was Joseph Brant is made evident by a letter 
of Dr. Wbeelock to Sir Wm. Johnson, dated "Harltbrd, May 16, 1763." in 
which be says, "I received last evening a paper wiib your seal, inclosing a 
letter to Joscplt from bis sisiter, wrote, I suppose, in the IMohawk langut^v-" 
" In my last I informed you of the truly noble and charitable design of Mr. 
C. J. Smith, who has been Joseph's tutor last winter ; bis purjMse lo come 
with Joseph to you as soon as lie could get ready for the business of his 
proposed mission ; and that I designed to lake Joseph with me to Boston 
«nd Portsmoutb, &l« , &&'' In the same letter be says, that Hr. Smith de- 
pended on Joseph "for a pilot and companion." 

Since writing the above another letter has been found, which furnishes 
other evidence and most conclusive, dated "Hartford, 5 July, 1763," to Sir 
W. J. "I hope you will (ilease to receive as sufficient excuse for Joseph's 
slaying so long beyond the time, which I set in my last to yuu.^hat the 
Rev. Mr. Smith was not prepared for the business of his mission sooner. 
I hope you will find he has made such profieiency in the knowledge of 
things uaefut. as you will esteem sufficient proof of bis past diligence in im- 
proving his time and advantages. I can't but hope he may be much per- 
fected in the Engli^ih tongue by associating with Mr. Smiib iind serving as 
his luterpreler. We. has much endeared himself to me, and 1 think to every- 
body else, by his good behavior, and I should be very sorry, if any thing 
should prevent his pursuing his studies. I hope he will relurit to the school 
in the fall of tlie year and continue through ihe winter," Jcc. 

The following is an extract of another letter, lo Dr. Giflbrd, dated "Leb- 
anon, Feb. 24, 1763:" 

• Tin; wnr of 1763 is evidently meant. It is often rnllcd I^liae'i War. Aftar li.e 
fiill of Ibe French power in Catiacl*, in ITfiO, the Indian! rcmaincil tolerahlj riuial for 
K time ; hat afblra ander llie rule of the Eni-liiili diffEred so widely Irom lliose under llio 
French, thnt their nnessincsii liroke out into open and fierce hotlilil;. in 1TG3. 

t Now of Northampton, formerly presidctil of Bowdoin liollcgt ; than whom few \f nnj- 
»rfl better acqniiinicd wiiti the whole range of our history, To njieBk of imcrican tiiog- 
nph; Ji 10 speak of him. 



1849.] Evfnia in the L'fe of the Indian CUff Brant. 61 

" A young Mohnwk of a funiily of Dislinction in that nation, (his English 
n«nie is Joseph), of a sprightly genius, a manly and genteel deportment. 
anti of a motleal, courteous, and benevolent temper, I have reason lo think 
bfjnui truly to iove our Lord Jesus Christ several months ago; and his 
religious affections seem still agreeably increasing" 

Ii ihns appears that Joseph and Mr. Smith left Lebanon or Ilarlford U> 
proceed to the Indian iviuntry, July 5 or fi, 1763 ; and he remained in ibe 
«rhcMl till this lime, and not merely till May 27, 1 7G2, as staled in [he Reg- 
ister, p. 347. On the same [wige ihis journey of Mr, Smith ia said to be in 
1762; the mistake maybe taken from Col, Stone's book. Being in the 
Airhool from Aug. 1, 1701, to July 5, ITCS," the advantages of it were en- 
joyed by a young man of good talents and character for nearly two years. 

The interest which Sir Wm. Johnson look in Joseph is explained by the 
eirconislance that after the death of his lady he had taken Joseph's sister 
Molly, either by marriage or without, for his wife; and he lived with her 
till his death. 

Tou say, p. 346, that the scholar Joseph was "beyond question That- 
E.KDANECA." If there was any doubt, il is removed by a list of his scholars 
in the writing of Dr. W., as follows : — 

" 1761. Aug. 1. Joseph Brant ^ 

do. Negyes j- Mohawks." 

do. Center, dead ) 

In one of his letters Dr. W. writes (he name of Joseph — Tkayendenagcn, 
ft liule different from the three forms in which you give it ; and in his letter 
•laied March 14, 1764, he speaks of a report, which he did not credit, that 
Joseph 'is gone over to the enemy.' " 

We now reaame our chronological form of oventfl in the life of the 
chief. 

1779, July 22. A party of sixty Indians and twenty-seven white 
men led by Brant, attack the Minisinkt settlement, in Orange county, 
N. T,, bum ten honsea, twelve barns, a fort, and two mills, carry off 
evmsiderable booty and several prisonera.J 

Id 1822,§ the citizens of Orange county collected the bones of the 
gallant band who were cut ofT by the Indians at Minisiok, and which 
D»d been exposed to the suns and anovrs of 43 years. The remains of 
forty-four persona were found and publicly interred. The line of pro- 
ces^ou was led by the Cadets from West Point, and extended about a 
mile. Major Poppino, who bore a distinguished part in the battle, 
tliou^ at this celebration 96 years old, walked in the procession, and 
was one of the pall bearers. || 

In the burying-ground adjacent to the Presbyterian church in Goahen 
a a monument with this inscription : '"T[ 

• Excmiinjr the lime he vaa absent wiih Kirtlund, and on a liait to his frienda, u Iw* 
fore OMXrA. — E». 

I Rlgniryiiii;, tinraiAiDt lo the attllicir of ihc historv of Sclioharie, T/k tealtr if gom. 

\ In Slone'a I^ft of Brant, ihc inritlenu of this affuir occupy BeveraJ pngei, 

\ The prcpnrotory meeting vraa held in December, ihe jirei^lng year, when a conimit- 
IM wu rhonen to collect the boiics and maka the arrangctnents far llie cclcbrolion. — 
9ftffotJ!t GaaituT, Art. Mm 



Evciitv in tjte Lift of the Indian. Chief Brant. 



[Jan. 



"Erected by the inhabilarUs of Or.ingo county, 22 July, 1822. Sacre<l 
to the memory of 44 of tlieir fellow uitizeoK, who fell at Lhii battle of Miu- 
ifink, 22 July, 1779. 

Roger Townscnd 

Saml. Knapp 

^Jitmes Knapp 

Benjamin Bconel 

William Barker 

Jonathan Pierce - 

James Little 

Joseph Norris 

Gilbert Vail 

Abm. Shepherd 

Joel Decker 

Nathan Wade 

Simon Wail 

^- — ■ Talmadgc 

Jacob Dunning 



John Cnrpenter 
David Barney 
Jonathan Haskell 
Abm. Williams - 
James Mosher ■- 
Isaac Ward 
Bsltus Nierpoa 
Galmatiel Bailey 
Moses Thomas 
Eleazer Owens - 
Adam Bmleler 
Samuel Little 
Benjamin Dunning 
Daniel Reed." 



Benj. Tusten, Col 
Bezalecl Tyler, Capt. 

. _-- Samuel Jones " 

^ fcbn Little 

^B dohn Duncan 

^ Benj. Vail 
-^ John Wood, Lieut. 
Nathaniel Finch, Adj. 
Ephm. Hastin, Eni<. 
Rphm. Middaugh. " 
Gabriel Wlsner, E.-q. 
Stephen Head 
Maths. Terwilliger . 
Joshua Lock wood, 
- Ephraitn Forge rson 

We huve copied the nnmcs contained on the monument, for the double 
reason that the names themaclveB are a monuoiciit to Brant as well as 
to those who ended thofr days tliea and there, and to show that nearly 
the whole list are our New England family names.* 

Aug. 29. Battle of Chemung, called by the whites Newtown, bat 
now KImira. Two grand expeditions seem to have been nearly famul- 
taneoiisly undertaken ; one by the rcfflgeea and Indians upon the bor- 
ders of Canada, and the other by General Washington, to break up the 
power of the tones and Indians in the direction of Canada. The battle 
of Chemung was the result of those expeditions, and the overthrow of 
the iK)wor of the disaffected part of the Five Nations, of whom Brant 
was. 

Of the precise number opposed to the Continentals there is no data 
to be depended upon ; but from the ground occupied by them, the re- 
sistance they made, and other signs knou-n to warriors, their number, it 
was judged, could not have been less than about one thousand; whilo 
the Continentals, under SuHivan and Poor, amounted to about ffteen 
hundred. Tlie Indiana and lories, though they had the disadvantage 
in numbers, had the aiivantagc of position, which was well-chosen, and 
time to fortify it, which they appear to have improved to good advan- 
tage. But against this the Americans were provided with artillery. 

Notwithstanding the terror which cannon always excite among In- 
dians, they at this time stood their ground manfully, and " Bnint 
seemed everywhere present" to keep their spirits up. "The battle 
was long," but was at length decided by the brigade under Gen. Poor. 
This division of the army performed nearly all the fighting, its advance 
being disputed by Brant in person, until at length he saw he was in 

• NESrty everj Buraunc mnj be fouoil in the puhlioitioii! of Jadco Jlirman. And al- 
tbODgh we have not Ken it rxpresal}- stalfd, there mar he uo douhl Ihul the MinisiDk 
connlry «b» rhieflj seitled Tram Coanecticut. That Goshen rnnA iU virinil^ fumiHiied 
many letilen in thikt region is more than probiblc; as a part of the angicnl MinUink was 
named QatKn. 



^ . i 



B.] £pmU in the Life of the Indian Chief Brant. 63 

Jaager of his rc^at being cut off. He then sounded the retreat hal- 
liM>. In a moment their strongliolds were abandoned ; tories and In- 
(tiiuis, officeis and soldiers, fled with all precipitation, and the; made no 
fonnidablc resistance to the Invading army afterwards. 

It wafi a matter of much surprise to Sullivan' and liia men that their 
loes was no more than some " five or six " in killed, considcnng " tliti 
dtuadon" of the battle. " It was small, almost to a miracle." But 
the woondod was out of all proportion to the killed, amounting to near 
&fty. Among the latter were Major Titcomb of the artillery, Capt. 
Clajes, and Lieut. CoUis ; the last named mortally. 

Ko correct estimate eould be formed of the loss of the Indians, but 
it was thought to have been severe. Though in all possible cases they 
earry off their dead, yet at this time eleven were left on the field of bat- 
tle, and fourtefii more found partially buried. 

Elated by this signal victory the Continentals pressed forward, and 
laid waste nearly the whole Indian country. 

1780. The first notice we find of Brant after hia defeat by Sulli- 
TAQ, is his marriage to a third wife at Fort Niagara, "under circum- 
staooee somewhat peculiar. Among the prisoners taken to that post 
from Cherry Valley, was a Miss Moore, who, being dcttuned in captiv- 
ity with Mrs. Campbell and others, was courted and married by an 
officer of the garrison. Brant was present at the wedding, and although 
he had for some time prerious been living witli his wife, hound only by 
the tiea of an Indian marriage, he nevertheless embraced the opportu- 
nity of having the English marriage ceremony performed, which was 
accordingly done by Col. Butler, acting as one of the king's comnun- 
sioners of the peace for Tryon county. "f 

April 7. Brant surprises a number of men making sugar near Har- 
pereficld, (eleven in number,) and carries them to Canada. At the 
head of the captured party was Lieut. Alexander Harper. He and 
hia party were sent out from the Schoharie forts by Col. Vrooman, for 
the double object of discovery and sugar making. J 

August. The Indians under Brant commit extensive depredations 
at Canajoharie and its vicinity. 

Oct. 17. About eight hundred Indians and all sorts of whites 
appear at Scholiario. The Indians under Brant and the whites under 
Sir John Johnson. They commit very extensive ravages ; eighty thou- 
sand bushels of grain are supposed to have been destroyed. The whole 
raltey of the 8choharie-kill is laid in ruins. Above one hundred peo- 
' I, chiefly the inhabitants, lost their lives. 

" iTing saved the life of a child taken at Schoharie, Brant sends it 
mother with this note, addressed " To the commanding officer of 
rebel army : — 

*<lcnermlJohn Sulliran itm a jon of John SuUiTan of Berwick, Mc^ whose epitaph u 
eopied in our flmt Tolome, p. ^76. The fnihcr wag a nan of edncaiion and dittinetion, ■ 
■tareof Ireland, who eini(n«l«il to New En;; I anil about 1733. Governor Junes SoUinu, 
' >rorihe HuT. o/JHaiiu sod sevenl other works, wn» Ilia brother. Thesutneelof Ihia 
. dieil M his leai in DQrhun.as Jan., 179^lc SI. He left the annfimmedlalclyaftrr 

Undiiin rampnign, anil resigned his cr -— - — 

■Stone, ii. 55. 

'i Sdiaharit, 385. 



valley 
i^,cl 




64 Events in the Life of tht Indian Chtrf Brant. [Jan. 



^m 64 

^^H " Sir: I send you bj one of my runners, tlic child wliit'h lie will deliver, 
^^H that you may know that whatever others may do, / do not make war upon 
^^H women &nd children. I am sorry to say that I have those engaged with 
^^H me in the strvicc, who are more savage ihan ihe savages themselves." 
^^P We iind nothing further worthj* of notice during the war. 
^^ 1784. A grant of land is conferred on Brant and hia followere by 

the authorities of Canada. It was located on the Ouise, or Grand 
river, and extended from its entrance into Late Erie to the head bf 
said river, and "in that proportion of six miles breadth from each side 
of the river." On this tract of land Brant made his home the remain- 
der of hia d&jB. 

Oct. Brant attends the famous treaty of Fort Stanwix, where Oliver 
Wolcott, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee appeared on the part of the 
Americans. Lafayette was also there. There was never, perhaps, a 
greater display of Indian eloquence. Here Complanter and Red Jack- 
et took opposite sides. Brant was now an advocat« for peace. 

1785. He risits England and is received with great attention. The 
object of bis visit scema to have been claims for services and losses of 
his Indians in the war, and perhaps countenance from the government 
in bis endeavors to unite the Indians generally against the Umted 
States. 

1786. lie returns from England, but at what time in the year is 
not ascertained. 

I)ec. A great Indian Council is held at the Huron village, near the 
mouth of the Detroit river. Here Brant exerts hia influence to form a 
confederacy. 

1791. Nov. 4, Gen. St. Clair's army is defeated with great loss by 
the Indians. A biographer* of Brant thinks he was " the mafiter spirit 
of the Indians" in that bloody affair, but wc can come to no such con- 
clusion. 

1792. Brant visits Philadeli)hia, by invitation from the United 
States government. 

1793. The Indians of the country of the lakes hold a council at th« 
Miami rapids, where Brant meeta them. 

July. Brant meets Col. Timothy Pickering, Gen. Benjamin Ijncoln, 
Mr. Beverly Randolph, and Gen. Chapin, at Gov. Simcoe's at Fort 
Erie. 

1794. Brant erects a Council House for his nation at Grand River. 
Prepares for a war with the United States. 

Tlie news of the terrible defeat of the Indians by Gen, Wayne is re- 
ceived by Brant with despondency. He is said to have been detuned 
from sharing in the disaster by sickness. 

This year closed Brant's open bostihties to the United States. 

17SI.5. The civilization of the Indians occupies much of the remain- 
ing period of the life of Brant. 

He is perplexed about the title to his lands by the Canadian govern- 
ment and land jobbers, which continues nearly to the close of hia life. 

The time of his death has been given. 

• Col, Stone, Li/i tj front, ii. 313. 



1849.] Marriages m Andover^ from 1647 to 1700. 6»" 



MARRIAGES IN THE TOWN OF ANDOVER, MS. 

FROM 1647 to 1700. 

[Copied for the N. E. Hist, Gcneal. Repster by Lucius Maklius Boltwood, mcmlxT 

of the N. E. a G. Soc.] 

Eilmund Fawkner & Dorathy Robinson were married at Salem by M' 
John Winthropp 4 Feb. 1647. 

Henry EngoUs & Mary Osgood were married at Andover the 6. July 
1653 by M' Simon Bradsrreet. 

John Osgood & jVIary Clcmance were married at Haverhill the 15 Nov 
16o.') by Mr Robert Clemance. 

John Lovejoy & Mary Osgood were married at Ipswich 1 June 1651. by 
Mr Simon.<s. 

Thomas Johnson & Mary Holt were married at Andover 5 of July 1657. 
by 3Ir Simon Bradstreet. 
Daniel Pore & Mary Farnum w^cre married at Boston Oct 20. 1 650. 
Gforge Abbot & Sarah Farnum were married at Andover Apr 26. 1 658. 
by Mr. Bradstreet. 

Ralph Farnum & Elizabeth Holt were married Oct 26. 1658. by Mr. 
Bradstreet. 
Nicholas Holt & Hannah Pope (widdow) were married June 12. 1658. 
Thomas Eaton, & Unity Smylolary both of Haverhill were married at 
Andover Jan 6. 1 658. by Mr Bradstreet. 

Richard Margun of Dover & Rebecca Houldridc of Haverhill were 
married May 21. 1660 at Andover by Mr Simon Bradstreet. 

Mr Seaborn Cotton & JMrs Dorothy Bradstreet were married June 14. 
1654. by Mr Bradstreet. 

Mr Andrew Wiggin & Mrs Hanna Bradstreet were married June 3. 
1659. 

Ephraim Davis of Haverhill & Mary Johnson of Andover were married 
Dec 29. 1660. 

William Chandler & Mary Dane of Ipswich were married Aug 24: 1658 
• by Mr Simons. 

Robert Russell & Mary Marshall were married July 6. 1659 by Mr 
Bnulstreet. 
John Browne & Elizabeth Osgood were married Oct 12. 1659. — - 
Samuel Archer & Hanna Osgood were married May 21. 1660. 
Thomas Farnum & Elizabeth Sibborns were married July 8. 1660. 
John Fry & Eunice Potter were married Oct 4. 1660. by Mr. Bradstreet. 
Robert Stileman & Elizabeth Fry were married Oct 4. 1660 by Mr 
Bradstreet. 
John Stevens & Hanna Barnard married June 13 1662 

Andrew Foster & Mary Ruse " June 7 1662 

Samuel Hutchins & Hanna Johnson *' June 24 1 662 

Stephen Johnsop & Elizabeth Dane " Nov 5 1661 

Benjamin Cadye & Mary Peyes[?] " Feb 1 6 1 663 

John Ruse & Deborah Os^^ood " Aug 28 1663 

Stephen Osgood & Mary Hooker • ** Oct 24 1 663 

Thomas Abbot & Sarah Steward . ^ " Dec 15 1664 

Joshua Woodman & Elizabeth Stevens "^ Jan 22 1 665 

Jo^ph Ballerd & Elizabeth Philps << Feb 28 1665 

Nicholas Holt & Widow Prestone "" May 21 1666 



tiS 



Marriaget in Ando-ier from 1647 to 1700. 



[Jai 



Moses Tjicr & Prudence Blake manied July C 1069 

Mark Graves & Elizabelh Farrington " Nov 14 1667 

Jonatlian C'ady of Rowly & Hester Cbandler " Nov 12 166} 

Jolin Farnum & Relieeca KenI " Nov 12 1667 

Walter Wrigiit & Susanna Jobnson " Feb 26 1667 

Hew Slone &, Hanna Foster " Oct 15 168? 

Henry Holi & Sarah Ballenl " Feb 24 166^ 

John Barker & Mary Stevens " July 6 167^ 

Joseph Wilson & Mary Louejiiy " July 4 167^ 

Stephen Barnard & Kebeeca How " May 1 16! 

Joseph Marble & Mary Fawkner " May 30 16' 

Joseph Robinson & Fhebe Dane " May 30 16' 

Moses Haggett & Joanna Johnson " Oet 23 t6i 

Samuel Fry & Mary Aslelt •* Nov 20 16' 

Nathaniel Griffin &. Elizabeth Ping " Aug 26 16' 

Samuel Preston & Susannah Gutlerson " May 27 16' 

Alexander Sessions &, Elizabeth Spalbrd " Apr 24 16' 

Nathaniel Deaiie & Deliverance Hcazletine " Dec 12 16: 

Mr Ntilhanid Wade & Mrs Ulerry Bradalrect " Oct 31 I9< 

Samuel Wardle Be Sarah Hawkea ■' Jan 9 16: 

John Abbot & Sarah Barker " Nov 17 17: 

Mr Petunie(?) Johnson & Mary Johnson " Sep 7 161 

Mr Dudley Bradfitreet & Mrs Ann Price " Nov 12 161 

Tiraothv JohuKon & Rebecea AsletL ' " Dec 15 161 

Dnniol 'iJij^sbiu & Hannah CluinUler by W" French " Dec 2 161 

Fruneis Fowkner & Abigail Dane " Oct 12 161 

Jariios Holt &, Hannah Allen " Oct 12 161 

John Stevens & Esther Barker *• Aug 10 161 

John Chandler &. Hannah Abbot " Dec 20 !61 

William Barker <t Mary Mil (or ilfix) " Feb 20 161 

John I^vejoy &, Hannah Priehard " llSo. 12 161 

Samuel Martin & Abigail Norton ■' Mch 30 161 

Mr Francis Deane & Mrs Mary Tliomas by Mr Danforth •' 9ber 2 1 1 61 

Samuel Marble & Rebecca Andrew " Nov 26 IGl 

lAwrence Lay k Mary Foster " Aug 5 161 

George Ablmi & Dorcas Graves " Apr 17 163 

William Johnson & Sarah I^vejoy " ■ May 23 163 

Benjamin Fry it Mary Parker " May 23 163 

Joseph Wilson & Sarah Lord ' » Apr 24 163 

ZHCharifth Eii-cs A Elizabeth Chase " June 27 163 

John Bridges & Mary Post (i^iddow) ' " Mch 1 1 677- 

Johti Lovejoy & Naomi Hoit " Mch 23 1677- 

William Chandler & Bridget! Richardson " Oct 8 163 

Joseph Stevens k Mary Ingalla " May 28 1 83 

Nicholas Holt & Mary Ru<isell by Jonathan Uanrorth " .Ian 8 163 

James Fry & Lydia Osgood " Jan 20 163 
John Granger & Martha Poor liy Capt Adams of 

Chelmsford " Feb 9 1679. 

John Aslell &. Mary Osgood by Capt Sallonslall " July 8 161 

Joseph Parker & Eliiabeth Bridges " Oct 7 1 61 

Epii. Stevens & Sarah Abbott " Oct 11 161 

William Lovejoy & Mary Farnum " Nov 2'J 161 

Stephen Parker & Mary Marstone " Dec 1 1680 



Iftt9.] 



jliarriage$ in Andover from 1647 to 1700. 



67 



Christopher Osgood & Hannah Barker 

Abraham Foster & Esther Foster 

Joha Osopod ic Hannah Eires 

FraocU Deane & Hannah Poor 

Joha Ballard & Rebecca Hooper 

Aadrew Allen & Elizabeth Richardson 

Biehard Barker & Hannah Kimball 

WHliam Ballard & Hannah Hooper 

William Abbott & Elizabeth Geery 

Sanuel Phelps & Sarah Chandler 

Samuel Ingalls & Sarah Hendrick 

Joha Faulkner ic Sarah Abbott 

Joha Tyler & Hannah Parker 

Edward Phelps Sc Ruth Andrews ^ 

Diniel Ennes & Ljdia Wheeler by Mr Woodman 

William Chandler & Sarah Buckmaster 

Joha Famum & Elizabeth Parker bj Mr Saltonstall 

Walter Wnght & Elizabeth Sadir 

BenjaraiD Abbot ic Sarah Famum 

Jooathan Blanchett (Blanchard ?) & Anna LoYcjoy 

Christopher Lovejoy A: Sarah Russ 

Jbieph Lovejoy Sc Sarah Prichard 

Joha Holt ic Sarah Geery 

Balph Famum & Sarah Sterling 

Andrew Peters & Elizabeth 

Jaeob Marstone & Elizabeth Poor 

Joha Allen & Man^ Peters 

Thomas Chandler ic Mary Peters 

Xheoexer Barker Sc Abigail Wheeler 

Ifr Thomas Barnard ic Mrs Elizabeth Price 

William Chandler ic Eleanor Phelps 

John Parker & Hannah Browne by Capt Browne of 

Bedding 
Stqdien Baricer & Mary Abbdtt 
Saamel Hutchinson ic Elizabeth Parker 
Ahfaham Moore & Priscilla Poor 
Eph. Davis ic 3iary Eires 
Mat Carieton & Hannah Osgood 
Beajarain Barker ic Hannah Marstone 
Johu Gatterson & Abigail Buckmaster 
Tnaothy Osgood & Deborah Poor 
Paseoe Chubb ic Hannah Faulkner 
Joha Marstone & Mary Osgood 
Henry Ingalls Sen' ic Sarah Abbott 
George Abbott & Elizabeth Ballard 
John Johnson & Elenor Ballard 
Tnaothy Abbott & Hannah Graves , 
Ma Stevens ic Ruth Poor 
Edward Farington ic Martha Browne ^ 
ThiMtts Astin Sa Hannah Foster 
Mm Stone & Mary Russ ^ 
Neheaiiah Abbott & Abigail Lovejoy 
, Joseph Chandler & Sarah Abbott 



married May 27 1 


1680 . 


i< 


July 13 ] 


1681 


u 


Oct 17 ] 


1681 


u 


Nov 16 1 


1681 


u 


Nov 16 J 


1681 . 


« 


Jan I ] 


1681 


tf 


Apr 21 ] 


1682 


(( 


Apr 20 ] 


1682 


u 


June 19 1 


1682 


u 


May 29 ] 


1682 


u 


June 4 ] 


L682 


u 


Oct 19 ] 


1682 


u 


Sept 14 J 


1682 


u 


Mch9 J 


1682 


u 


Apr 25 ] 


L683 


u 


Dec 28 ] 


L682 


1 " 


Apr 10 ] 


1684 


a 


Sep 9 ] 


1684 


it 


Apr 22 ] 


1685 


u 


May 26 ] 


1685 


u 


May 26 ] 


1685 • 


ii 


May 26 1 


1685 


(» 


July 3 ] 


[685 


44 


Oct 9 ] 


1685 


ii 


Feb 8 ] 


1685 


ii 


Apr 7 1 


1686 


U 


May 22 ] 


L686 


ii 


May 22 1 


1686 


U • 


" May 25 1 


1686 


U 


Dec 14 1 


1686 


ii 


Apr 21 ] 


1687 


of 






U 


May 24 1 


1687 


^' 


May 13 1 


1687 


u 


Apr 26 ] 


1686 


u 


Dec 14 ] 


1687 


u 


Mch 19 16( 


J7-8 


ii 


Aug 27 ] 


L688 


ii 


Jan 2] 


1688 


ii 


Jan 14 1 


1688 


ii 


May 29 1 


1689 


a 


May 29 


1689 


(» 


May 28 ] 


L689 


u 


Au^ 1 1 


1689 • 


u 


Sept 13 ] 


1689 


ii 


Sept 13 ] 


1689 


u 


Dec 27 ] 


1689 


u 


Dec 20 : 


1689 


u 


Apr 9 ] 


1690 


ii 


Sept 15 ] 


1690 


ii 


Nov 14 ] 


1690 


ii 


Apr 9 


1691 


ii 


Nov 26 : 


1691 





F 




1 




68 Marriages m Andover fr 


m iG-17 to 1700. [Jan. 




Samuel Astin & Lucy Poor 


married Oet 11 1G91 




Jamej. Johnson & Eliznbeth Peter? 


■' 


Apr 36 JG92 




Hookor Osgood & Dorolliy Wood 


" 


Apr 13 lfi9« 




James Bridges & Sarah Marswne 




May 24 I69J 




Joseph Ballanl Sen t Rebeccah Hon. fw 


ddovr) " 


Nov 15 1698 




Nathan Sieve.is & Elizahelh Abboit 




Oct 24 1692 




Thomas Parnura & Hannah Hutchinson 




May 14 1693, 




Francis Johnson & Sarah Hawkes 


" 


Feb 1 1698 




Ebenezor Lovejoy & Mary Foster 




July 11 1698 




Jolin Fnmom & Mary Tyler 




June 30 1698 




Jojrph Fmerie !c Eliz^ibeih Merrilt 




Oct 2 1698 








Nov 29 1698 




Samuel HoU & Hannah Farniim 


" 


Meh 28 1698 




Nathaniel Lovejoy & Dorothy Hoyt 


" 


Mch 21 1693-4 




Samuel Preston Sc Sarah Bridges 


" 


Apr 2 1694 




Dane Uobinsoii Sc Mary Chadwick 


-' 


Jan 18 1693-4 




Riehard Carrier & Elizahi-th Sossions 




Julv 18 1694 




Joseph Carlelon &, Abigail Osgood 


« 


Aug 2 1694 




John Fry <& Martha Famnm 




Nov 1 1694 




Stephen Paikcr & Susannah Devereiix 


1 


Jan 10 1694-5 




James IngalU & Hannah Ahboit 


>' 


Apr 16 1695 




Joseph Marble & Hannah Bnmard 


" 


Apr 33 1696 




John Russ & Hannah Ross 




May 6 1695 




Nathaniel Abbot & Dorcas Hibbert 


" 


Oct 22 1695 




Henry Chandler & Lydia Abbott 


" 


Nov 28 1695 




Mr Thomas Barnard & Mrs Abigail Bull 


>' 


Apr 28 1698 




John Ingnlls & Snrnh Russell ^ 


« 


June 10 I69fi 




Jo«e|ih"SlfiVens i; Mary Fry 


" 


Dec 22 I69S 




John Wright & Mereie Waniwell 




Ang SI 1697 




Robert Buftswell & Hannah Tyler 


" 


Dec 9 1697 




Thomas Abboit & Hannah Grey 




Dcc! 7 1697 




Samuel Farnum k. Hannah Holt 




Jan 4 1697-6 




Samuel Peters & Phoebe Fry 




Dec 15 1696 




Oliver Holt & Hannah Ruf'sell 


" 


Mch 9 1 697-8 




Joseph Ballard &. Rebecca Johnson 




Ang 17 1698 




Thomas Blant-hard & Rose Holmes of Marshfield 


Meh 22 1698-9 




George Holt & Elizabeth Farnum 




May 10 1698 




Henry Gray &, Mary Blunt 




May 3 1699 




Sleplien Ortguod Sc Hannah lilanchard 




Mar 24 1698 




Joseph Wilson & Mary Riihardson 


Jan 25 1599-70 [1700] J 
Mch 20 1699-70 TlTOOl 1 




F.phmim Farnum & Priscilla Holt 




Joseph Osgood & Mary Jlarble 




May 8 ]70« 




Moses Haggelt t Martha Granger 


Feh21 


1G99-70[1700] 

, Jeflerson, &x^ 


When we say that Otis. Adams, Mayh 


ew, Henry, Le 




were authors of independfnce, we ought 10 pay they were 


only awakeneiS 




and revivers of the original fundamental principle of colom 


zation. 


, 




"■"■" 1 


L 






J 



\m.] 



jifiU I^eeds in Wooilliirv, C'uitH. 



ANCIENT DEKDS IN WOODDUItY, CONN. 

COrlED FROM Ttli; TOWX RKCOUDS, UOL>K 1, 



John Davis 



Blurfww I, John Da\i3 ura prujioaeil to ?o id y° service for y' Country 
Ipinst y' Common enemy, 1 do in sliort and in great brevity, and earnest- 
if make over and eonfinn nil my interest in my uhole Deeommodntions in 
Toodlrtiry lu my two suns, Julin anil Satnuel, I'qniitly to be divided between 
d»m. when they AtEaJQ their resjjective Rgi^s, wirb thi-i only proviM), that 
Ibef du eiu^li of them pay to their siiiter, my duughter AInry Daviti y* third 
fBTi of tlieir then valued accommoiIaiionH, wLicli iihull i;e valued at y* time 
ifbnsnid ; and that this my Aet and deed h to stand of full force and va- 
lidly as suiv will or testament whatsoever at my deceiuie is uontiriued and 
riniifiei] by'iny subseribing hereto y* 29 of Apiil 1G90. 
W ilneciicd liy us ) ' 

Mm Miner V 

imipb Minor ) Woodbury T. K., Book 1., page 48, 

Indian Di:ed. 
A Reconl of a pai-ccil of Land lo Lewis Wheeler by Tautaanimo a Sa- 
(bem at Pugasett h us tulloweih. 

Tim present writing wiiiieiwcih thai I .Tauttinniiuo a Saeliem at Papis- 
MI, Coiuidf nil ions moveinjf me ihereuulo. do fully and fi-eely miikc over, 
eienali; and -^ive from myself and heirs, luid all other Imliiins nnd their 
Ww, a pareell of Land bounded as followelli : PoiatL-nk Uiver Southwest, 
~ ick River 'Nonliemst, and bounded on y' Northwest with trees 

by me and oilier Indians, ye said Lund I do with y* consent of all 
Inrtiaiis, freely give it lo Leu. Thos. Wheeler and his lieirs forev- 
I da fully give a"* Leu. Thomas Wheeler full power to have it 



IHSad to him and bid heira aecording lo y' Law 


s and Customs of y' Ens- 




ny hand this 20 of April 


Itt9 y- names of y' Indians that subscribed. 




SalMribediii prx:senceaf 






^^' Wei Is 




f Tautannimo 


^^Hri Harvey 




Pnquaha 






-! Pagasell James 






Jlonsuck 


d^nWnor 




Isasaazo 


This is a inie copy of ye deed 






by me Josi'jih Ila 


wley. 




Woodbury T. K., li. L. p. (>7. 







Indian Deed. 

Know all men by lliese presents that I, Oekcnonge, y' only Sachem of 

Ptt^iwit, do freely give and beiiueaih unio my loveia;; friends, Ensi-jn Jo- 

7i> JodMU, Mr. Joseph Hawley and Jolm Minor of Stratford in y' Colony 
Cumeclicut, a i>arcell of Land, bo il more or lesa, lying on y' West oide 

• Mr, CorHBEN inromis na (hut he Is preiarino; for nt 
He (mi fnrnisbcd as with .i list of mniriiiges and doalfi8 
Mote out readeis at somu rataro time. 





r 



The Vicar of Bray. [Jan. 

of y' Land, wliich y* at'oresaid Town of Slralford hath purchased of mc, and 
it being alt that fyelh on y' West of what is alreaily purchased, ibat Iw 
, lon^ lo rae nntl Pagasctt Indiajis, that I give ye above said Iract of land to 
y* aforenamed, to have and to hoM without molestation or trouble by any 
Indian or Indians whatsoever, 1 say to them antl their heirs forever, 
wilnessniy hand this 22"* of April ICUS. 
Wilnes-sed by us | 

Henry Tomlvnson ■- Octtnonge S hig mark 

Jabcz Ilnrdger ) Wiln.'?sed by ns 

Nansantaways T mark 

Chipps C his mark 
Pr John Minor, Recorder. 
Woodbury T. R., R. T.. p. 81. 



Indian Def.o. 

Be it known unto all men by this present, that we, Wompeag and Se- 
^uackana'and Scn'atams do sell to Moses Wheeler, Ferryman, a parcell of 
ground lyiug nlongst Polaleuk River, y° East end being on a ^rnall brook, 
which they say is Nagumpe, y' West end bounding lo a great Rock, nlii^ 
reaches y° fuU length of all that plain piece of gronnd, and also to have ti 
Mile atid a half of ground on ye upland, and all y* meadow within 
bounds, we whose names are above n'ritten do sell to y' said Moses, and < 
bind ourselves, that he shall peaceably enjoy it, he or his assigns, ' 
whereof wo set to our hand and seal. 
Scaled and delivered 1 

in presence of [ Wonipeag " mark 

Wombe T^ Witness [■ Sequackana S mark 

Samuel Wheeler I Sewntams * mark 

Moses Johnson J Apl 12'" 1059. 

In consideration of this we are to have Hve Pounds and one Gtrdla e 
whieh we have received three Pounds sisleen shillings. Received by nM 
with y* Consent of y" olbers this full sum of Fivo Pounds and one Ginlle n 
full satisfaction for ibis Land. 

fKWompeag, mark 
This is a true Copy this 21 January IGCG. 

Woodbary T. R., B. I,, p. 82-3. 



THE nCAR OF BRAY. 

The origin of the proverb " The Vicar of Bray vAU be Vicar of 1 
slilf," is found thus exjiounded in Fuller's Worthies of Ekgland : 

" Bray is a village well known in Barkshire ; the ^'ivBciouE Vicar vrbei 
of, living under King Henry the Eigth, King Edward the Sixth, Que)__ 
Mury and Queen EIi;iabelh, was first a papist, then a protestant; tfa«n I 
papist, then a prolestanl again. This Vicar being taxed by one for bein^ ■ 
turn-cool, Not so. (said he,} for I always kept my principle; which ia thli 
to live and die Vicar of Bray. To Ibis Puller adds, 'such arc men now-* 
days, who, though they cannot turn the wind, they turn ihn'ir mills, and 9e_ 
them so, that wheresoever it bloweili, ihoir grist should certainly be ground,'" 

Rat. 



p^^ 


1 


B 18*9.] Eurly Records of Weym 


uOi. 71 1 


k EARLY RECORDS OF WEYMOUTH. 1 




1 These records are said to have been copied 


from au old quarto book 


thkrh is now lost. 




Ed»arf son of John t Susan Bala 


bom Dec 10 1055 


IVUe daughter of John and Jane Lovell 


Feb 19 16o5 


Jonas son of Jonas & Marllia Humpliry 


Feb 24 1 655 


Elimbeth Daughter of John & Alice Shaw 


Feb -20 1(555 


Jimes & Alice Luddens cliild 


Jan 12 1G5G 


Ebenezer wn of 


•' May 30 1056 


Ephraim son of John & ]H.iry Oaborn 


'• AugU IC57 


SiUDuel son of Samuel & Mary Pitlee 


" Aug 12 1G57 


Thomas of William t Elizabeih Chard 


" Sept 27 1657 


.VMmi Bicknell 


•■ June 21 1657 


Abraham eon of John & Alice Sliaw 


Oijt Ul 1657 1 


&. Mary Phillips 


Dec 6 1657 


LiddH of James &. Elizabeth Preist 


Feb 12 1657 


William sou of William & Elizabeth lIo]bro-,k 


Jan 20 1657- 


Enofh son of Ephraim & Ebbot Hunt 


■• Mar 29 1658 


Nathaniel son of Andrew i. Eleanor Ford 


" Mar 31 1658 


Jowph son of Joseph & Elizabeth Green 


" April 2 1658 


John son of John Jc Jane Lovell 


" May 8 1G58 


LoiB& Eunice Daughters of John Holbrook 


" May 12 1658 


Rwneaer son of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 


" May U 1658 


John BOD of Jonas and Martha Humphrey 


" Aug 31 1658 


John son of Thomas & Abigail Whitman 


" Sept 5 1658 


Samuel son of Samuel & Mary Baglev 


*' Sept 7 1658 


■nwmas son of John & Kebecea Bunell 


Feb 2 1659 


WiUiam son of Thomas Pratt - 


" March 6 1659 


John son of Thomas & Jane Drake 


" March 12 1G59 


John son of John i Esther King 


" April 12 1639 


SoMnna of Samuel & Experience King 


■' May 6 1659 


John son of William &. Mary PiUey Drowm-.l 


May 28 1659 


Samuel son of Josiah & Mary Chapin 


« Nov 11 1659 


Nicholas son of Walter Cook 


Feb 9 1659 


Mary daughter of John & Ann Reynolds 


« Mar 15 1660 


Mary Daughter of John & Alice Shaw- 


" March 24 1660 


John son of Nallianiel Sl Su^an Blaneher 


" Mar 27 1660 


Ebcoeier son of Andrew & P'leanor Foril 


" Mar 18 1G60 


Mary Daughter of John &. Phebc Taylor 


" May 18 1660 


Benjamin son of William & Grace Richard)- 


" May 19 1660 


Mary of Rich.nrd & Mary Phillips 


'• May 21 1660 


Benjamin son of Ricliard Newbury 


" May 22 1060 


Caleb son of WiDiam Chard - 


Oct 19 1660 


Rath Daughter of John fc Mary Bicknell 


" Oct 26 1660 


Eliabeth of John & Jane Lovell 


Oct 28 1660 


Simon SOD of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 


" Mar 11 1661 


Hwmah of NieboUw k Hannali Whitmarsh 


■• Mar 25 1661 


Mary of Samuel & Mary Bayley 


■' April 30 1661 


William son of William &. Mary Pitley 


" May 12 1661 


Sarah of Jonas ic Martha Humphrey 


•■ May 16 1661 



■PT- - 


^ 


^H 72 E'lrly Records of Weymouth. 


[Jan. 


^H EKperience of John & ElizaUelli Ilolbrook 


born May^S 16G1 


^^ Jl^iry of Richard & Mary Pliilli|H 


" May -24 1601 


^" William son or Thomns &. JaiiM Dnike 


■■ May30 16fil 


Judah son of Saimiel & Hnnnali Prali 


" June 35 16G1 


Joha son of Joseph & Elizabeth Grei^n 


" July IG USl 


Silence of Andrew Foi-d 


" Nov 13 IGfil 


K John son of John &K*llier King 


Dec-25 1GG1 


^H Chri^lian of Thomas & Rulh Bajify 


Feb 30 1661' 


^H Jo^hita »on of Richard & Mary Phillips 


" May 10 IGG2 


^B Lidda Daughter of James Preist 


" Mar It; 1662 


^H Mary of Jame^ &^ Mnry Smith 


" MHr2-2 16G2 


^H John soil of Julm & Mary Vinirig 


'■ April ir, 1662 


^H Mary of Stephen & Hannah Fren.-h 


" May U 1G62 


^H L-lmbod son of John & Elizabeth Holbrouk 


" May 30 1 6S2 


^H Nicholas son of John &. Alice Shaw 


« Mav23 166« 


^H Sarati of John & Sarah Comai- 


'* JnlV 10 16G8 


^V Elizabeth of Samuel &. Experience King 


" Sept 23 1662 


^^^ JiuntM son of John & Jana Lovell 


Oct 23 1662 


Corneilm son of William Holbrook 


'■ Nov 1!) 1S62 


Hannah of Thomas & Experience Dolti^r 


" Nov 30 1662 


Mary of Nathaniel & Susanna Blani^ber 


" Dec 1 I66S 


Joseph eon of Joseph & LidJa While 


« Dec 16 1662 


Joanna Bicknell 


" March 2 16B3 


Mary Daughter of William & Elizabeth Chard'' 


" April 8 1663 


of John &. Sarah Wliitmarah 


" Aug 14 1663 


of Samuel & Hannah Pmtl 


'■ Aug 17 lfi63 


Mary of John & Deliverance Porter 


Oct 13 16G3 


Jo-eph Bon of Thoina." & Jane Drake 


" Ocio 38 1663 


" Pnidence of Andrew & Ellen Ford 


Dec 23 1G63 


Ruib of John k. Abigail Whitman 


" Feb 1 1G63 


James son of Saninel &. Mary Buyley 


" Feb 21 166* 


John of John &. Elizabeth Holice 


" Mar -28 1664 


Niehola* ron of Richard & Mary Phillips 


" Mar 30 1664 


Mary of John &. Mary IJodgen 


« April 3 1664 


Joanna of James & Mary Smith 


" April 4 1 064 


FJiKaheth of Joseph fc Elizabeth Gronn 


" April 5 1664 


Jane of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmai-Hh 


" April 8 1664 


. Joseph con of John &. Alice Shaw 


" April 15 1664 


John son of John & Elizabeth Kingman 


" April 30 1664 


Surah of Joseph & Sarah Pratt 


" May 31 1664 


Stephen son ofSieplion & Hannah French 


" June 11 1664 


Jlary of John & Mary Viiiing 


" June 18 1664 j 


Rebeeka of Thomns Kingman 


" July 2 16G4 


Ephraim son of John &. Kebecca Burrell 


" Ju!yl9 1G64' 


Esther of John & Esther King 


" Sept 38 1664 


Esperienee ofSamuel & Experience King 


Oct 6 1664 


Deborah of James & Jane Lovell 


Jan 8 1664 


Joseph son of Richard & Kebeecn Gurnev 


Feb 23 1664 


William son of John k Jane Lo\ ell 


Feb 24 1664 


Susanna of John &. Delivenince Porter 


" June 2 1665 


James son of Jonas k, Martha Hamphrey 


« Sept 16 1665 


Matthew eon of Matthew Pratt - 


« Sept 18 leea 


Nathaniel son of Nalh k Susanna Bhincber 


» Sepl 25 16G3 


[To be coQiiaued ] 




lb 


^ 



r 


' 






SOlfE ACCOUNT OF DEACON JOHN BUTLER OF PELHAM, 
N. H.. AND OF HIS DESCENDANT.S. 




Br CAtKB BCTLBB OF OBOTOS. 




fCoDlumcd from p. 36, Yot. II.| 


^^ 


(L3. 11.3) 


^^^1 


m Calbb Butler id. REBEKjtu F&ost. 


^^^1 


a •Miriam. b.Fel.. 27, 1769, m. John Culter. 

3 .SM»n=l, b. Aug. 28, 1770, m. j Jj^^^ f^ 

* •Debomb. b. Aug. 10, 1774, d. nnm. 

S Caleb, b-Sepl. 13. 1776, m. Clarissa Vumum. 

6«Bebdah, b. .Mar. 3S, 1 780, d. vaung. 

7 *Theodor«, b. Dec 6, 17SI, d. anm. 

**Bebekah, KJal; 12, 1784. d. num. 

■ JoannB. b. Feb. S. 17S7. 
10 •SolomOB, b.Jan. 1, 1789, d. unm. 
UPbi^hu. >..«.. .9, 1791, m.!|-^^^5;„_ 


1 


11-3. II. 6.) 




( Pelham, N. H. 
III. Bdi,ui BuTLEtt m, Dn. Joan MLZ7Br.H Amherat. " 
[PelCTboro'," 




l«JonBtlian, h. May S3. 1771. d. yonag. 

a«PdlT. b.Dec. <. 1775,™. Solomon Priuce of Amherst,!). H. 
4 •JOut. b. March 12, 1778, m. Snlly Robb. 

I Mi*, h. Aug. 9, 1782, m. John Felton of AmhetBt, N. H. 

» VJonailiBii, b. June 4, 1785, d. young. 

■ Bldili. b.Dec. 26, 1789, ni.' Warren. 






(1.5. 11, l.f 


^H 


UL Abivaii. Bctlih m. Jorefr Wiuos of Dracul. 


^M 


Itoq)!), (..April 19. 176a,ra.PW,eWjmMi. 
1 •BenJMnin. b. Oct. 30. 1763, d. joui.R. 

a-n«idcu^ i..Fcb. 'M755,m. P!!i:'s^^^';^ wfd. 

4 Kabby. b. Ber. 19, 1786. m. James Butterfleld. 

5 Lydik. b. May 2, 1 766, m. William Web«t«r. 

fi Life, b. July 30, 1769, m. Sallv Jameaoa. wid. 
: Darid, h. March 30, 1771. m. Sibvl AbbotL 

IBoUa. b.Ocl. 3,1773.111. Josiah Cobom. 

llCniM, b. March 3. 1784. m- Bowera. 


i 


(1.5, ILH,) 


^M 


Bt BnUttAH BDTI.EB m. I.TDIA Wooii, 


^M 


laJowph. b.Ang. ao, 1774, d. young. 

iLydl*. b.Anj[. 31, 177S,m. Elijah TniU of Billerica and Town»aiid. 

DMmiah, b.Nor. M, n76, m. Olive Davi,. _ 

SMah. b.I>e^, 4.1779.m, HannnhJenncss. 
VIMikt. b. April SB, 1781, m. Dole Bmlcr. 

6 


4 







w 


1 




J^ 


[1.5. 11.3.) 


m 


in. Gideon Bctleh m. Mikt Eookbs. Lircd in Koltingham WmL 




1 •Lois, b.JttnB 17. 1776, d. joung. 




i Jowph, b. Jwi. 18, 1779, m. Hannah Buller. 




3 Cmliarine, b. Ajjril IS. 1781, m. Rpulwn Cobum. 




4 Loii, b.Fi;b. 4, 1784, m. Hugh Smilb. 


^^^H 


(1.5. II. 4.) 


^^^1 


in. MoLLT BDTi.«tm.Ti>iDrHTLAB»ofDunLarlon, 


^^^H 


1 Pollv, b. m, Joooa. 




9 Heman, b. m, Mcsser. 




3 Hanntb. b. m. Colby. 


^^^•i 


(1.5. U.5.) 




i,w..,.B„„...j»;-;»~:w. 




jai..h'«»">r-""'""'- ss""- 




- „„^, „ JS«Uv!)mtin, S James. 

3 Moody, m. j Lvdia Burtl. « Betacj, m. Mawin. 


1 


4 Mehimbol- 10 Roxa. m. Otra Mny. 




B Hannoh, m. Joseph Bmler. 1 1 William. 


1 


(I S. 11. 9.) 




III. Elijah Bctleb m. Fifi kld. Und ai Weare, N. H. 




Had «x or seven sooi. 




(I.S. II. 1.) 


j' 


m. Jacob Bctleb id. Sallt Moroah. 


', 


,B„.h, b.0„. ^^.7:.,n,. !£>£".:',»•»•■ 




S Polly, b. May aa, 1T76, m, Tbcwiore Wyman. 




3 BelBcy, b, Mnreh 21, 1778, m. Solomon Barker. 




4 HAnnah, b. Msreb 19, 1781, m. Caleb Johnson. 




S Jaroh, b. Sept. 30, 1782, m. Nobby Boiler. 




6 "Joseph, b, April S9, 1784, d, nnm. 




7 •Samnel, b. Juno 14, 1785, A. unm. 




8 "liaac, b, OcL S, 1789, d. unra. 




» William, 1 u Ma. 4 n..5 } "'■ SanJi firoivenor. 
IOCUrisM,t '■■""J *'■"=■ Id.nntn. 




(LB. U.a.) 


^^^^H 


m. Dahiel BcTLEit m. Molly Tkuhby. 


^^^^1 


1 Dole, L. 0«. S3. 1777. m. Delilah Bnder." 




8 Polly. h. Slay 3, 1779, ro. Daniel Varaura. 




3 •Phobo, b. March 31. rSO. d. young. 




4 Nabby, b. March ao, 178a. m, Jaeoh Buller. 




5 Daniel, b. Orl. IB, i;S4. 




G Pbebe. b.Jnn. S9, 1786,m.AmDs Maxleion. 




7 Manly, b. July ai, 1788, m. S«ah Hamblet. 




8 •BetlY, b. Ocl. 11, 1790. d. ymnt;. 




9 •Belly, b Mav 31, 179,1, d. young. 
10 Olivia, b. Jari. 4, 1796, m.'^oye. Teoney. 






11 Belinda. b. March 17, 1798, m. Samuel P. Hadley. 


■| 


13':Jo';Tb''vJ "■•""" 'MaoM.y-.g- 




(1.8. II.3.) 


( 


m. Mart Edtuib m. Hob, Josai-n B. ViaKtu of Vrtcat. 




I Hehilabel, b. Nov. 2, 1773, ni, Daniel Swete of Haverhill. 




a Polly, b, Feb. 34, 1775, m. Gen. Simon Cobum of DracuL 




3«GeorgeW., b. Feb. al, 1779, d. unm. 




4 •Nabby. b. Jan. 7, 1781, m, 'JoHah Brown, Fjiq.. of Te^lubory. 

5 •Himnah, b. Feb. 18, 1793, m. Miijor Ephraim Coburn of Dracnt. 


6 Jo-cpliB., b.Jnn. a, ns,Vm, I^iiaGrahamofNciv Vork. 




T •Jamei M, b. Aug. 2, 1786. m. Mary Peaae of Wathingwn, D 


c. 




_j 



Deacon John Sutler and Ms JDeteendantt. 

■ Jacob Bn b. June 13, ITBB. 
9 Fhebe, b. Jul; 14, 1T90, m. *JosiAh Bromi, Eiq., of Tevrlubnry. 

10 'John H^ b. Jane 31, 1792, d. yoang. 

11 •BenjuniD F,, b. April It, 1T9S, m. Caroline Bradley orDrscitl. 

(1. B. U. S.and la. U. 1. IH. 1.) 
UL Pbbbk Bctleb m. BeKJAMiH Babkeb. 
i •Mmt, b. Oct, 28, 1780, d, yonng. 

» •Phcbe. b. May 18, 17B4, in. Daniel Otdway. 

3 •Benjamin, b, April 13, 1786, d. iinm. 

4 •Theodore, b. Sept. 14, 1787,a.unm. 
j •PoUt. UUay 15, 1T89, m. DanUI Amea. 

■ *SaR6i. b: April 1, 1791, m.PhinehasBulIer. 
} •BetKT. b. March 3, 1794, d. unm. 
8 •AUgail, b. Jan. 15, 1797, d. unm. 
• •HehiWbd, b.June S3, 1799, d. aam. 

IV •Aaconalh, b. Feb. 10, 1803, d. unm. 

(I. S. IL 6.) 

m JoXATBjUf BUTLEB m. HeBEKAH HaBPY. 

1 Hehilabel. b. Jan. SO, 1 786, m. •D]ivid Oage. 
fl •Eliphalet, b. April 10, 1788, d. utim. 
a *3ina, b, July 19, 1790, d. young. 

^it«e of the above named descents of tbe fourth degree received a uolle- 
(iMe edacatioD, viz : — 

Cu.EB, son of Caleb, received hia first degree at Dartmoutb College, 
1800( was preceptor of Moore's Charity School, appurtenant to tbe college, 
WK jear. and twelve years principal of Groton Academy. Hejiftcrwards 
read law and practised as attorney and counsellor a few yeats, and was 
ehairtnan of the commissioners of highways, and of tbe county commission- 
ers for the county of Middlesex, fifteen years in succession. 

Recben B. Muzztr, son of Bulah and John Muzzey, received hia first 
degree ai Dartmouth College, 1803, studied physic and surgery, and hecjime 
emiDeot in the practice of bis profession. He sustained a professorbhip in 
nrioDs branches of the medical science, for many years, in tbe college of 
which he was an alumnus, and since in a literary institution in Ohio. 

JosiAH, son of Nebemiah, was graduated at Harvard University, 1803, 
rwd law. practised in the courts, and was aferwnrds sheriff of the county 
of Rockingham, N. H., a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and a rep- 
meDtative in Congress iram 1817 (o 1823. 

ItAAC, son of Jacob, entered Dartmouth College, but died before tbe ez- 
(inikm of the regular term of study. 

The descendants of the fillh and sixth generations have become so nu- 
OMMU aiid so widely dispersed, that the (bllowing regiKlers will be much 
' )m complete than tbe foregoing. 

(I. a. IT. a. m. i.) 

IT. All Bcit^B m. Bebecca Godld. 

I Aia, kDec 9, laiO.m.Pliebe Bnbv, 

I Ue)<e<ra, )^ May 9, 1813, m. Rosn-plI Hnhb*. 

.1 J<din, l>. Match 30, ISH. 

» I^iina, b.Jnly 13. I8in. m. DaTid IJoby. 

S "Mnr. Ann, h. Sept. 2, 1921. d. unm. 

It •£liphalet, b. Oct. 36, 1834, d. unm, 

7 ■Albert. b. Nor. 13, l»a6, d. onm. 

(I. a. II. 3. lU.o.) 
IT. JoBt BiTTLES m. Debobah Gaoe. 

Temple. 





■ 












"1 


I. 


D^'aroii ./ohv Butler and hU DmfndatOi 




[J, 


m. 


■ 


II, a. Ill 


.7.) 


3 Mary. b. Dec. 


31. 1830. 






^V IV. -RtcaARi 


3 BuTr.Ktt 


m. Sabah 


J. 4 Davis, b. Ocl. 


S. 133a! 






Jones. 






(L a. II. 2. 


in. 0. 






1 •Mary E., 


b. Sept. 11 


:,IB20, d. n; 


"""- IV. James Buri-EKm. 


Mabt E- 






3 Charles, 
3 ShrIi J., 


b. Jiina ao 
b.Mar. 1 


\ 1822. 


1 Jamcfl H.,b.Mny 18, 


1620. 






4 Marj G., 


b.JnnB IJ 




(La. IL4. 


in. a.) 






5 Joel, 


b,May 2) 


', 1S29. 


IV. David Butler r 




Chi 




e SilvGBlcr, 


b.Oct K 


1, 1631. 


1 Oliver Deaoe, b. July 








8 •A&^il, 

9 •Pamclla, 


b. June 21 
b. Mav 11 


,1834. 
.,1837, d.y. 


14. 1800. 






1i. Nov. C 


U839, d.T. 


3 •Maria, b. Nov. 


13, 1803, i 


'.y- 




10 Amanda, 


b. Feb. ao, 1843. " 


Abigail 

MarT or Sarah. 








(I. a. 


11,2. IH. 8.) 


Reliecea. 








IV. JosuojL B 


uiLiam. Pe«»is G*g 


I. Fannv. 








1 Jane H^ 


b. April i; 
b.Mar. 1! 


r, 1826. 


David. 








I AdqG., 


), 1829. 


TTio sbow ttanllj n^it \a 


tl«.U«eorM.I». 






(I. a. 


n. 4. IIL 3.) 








IV. •I»**cBiriLKRm. 


Nahot Ch 


AFI.1N. 








1 Nancj, 


b.Mn» 


20. 1905, m. 


Jonalhan Goald. 








a Diana L.. 


b. Aug. 


II, 1806, m, 


. JoEcph Gould, 








S D»Tid, 


b. Dm. 


16, 1809, m. 


. Mary Ann Russell. 








4«Gw^P, 


, h.July 


4,192l,<1. 

II. a. 


young. 
IL4. IIL 5) 








IV. Emoch BuTLiKm. 


Susanna Mabir. 








1 Warren A., 


b. 




.Elita. 








a^SoMti, 


b. 


d. 


.^ErSamble,. 








3 Hebecca, 


b. 


m 








4 Diana Q.. 


b.OM. 


16,1836. 

(La. 


n. 4- IIL fi.} 








IV. N*THAN 


BUTr.aKln 


. Sai.lv Roar. Reside al Bedford, N. H. 






1 Eliia C 


h. April 


1,1811. 










1 Hannah. 


^No>■. 


17, 1819, m 


. William Cady. 








3 Sar^ J., 


b. March 18, 1816, m 


. Truman Parker. 








4 Maria, 


b. June 


S7. 1S18. 










6 Em.Une, 


b. Pepl. 


23, 1820. 










fl Rebecca A. 


, b.Oit. 












T Nathan. 


h. Jan. 


1. 1827. 










B Cordelia. 


b. Julj 


as, 1833. 

(I. a. 


IL 7. in. 8-) 








IV. Dasius 


BOTLEB m. 


La DBAS. 


Wh.tt.sb. 








1 SsrahE., 


h. June 


7, 183S. 


3 Roxana, b. Mar 


, SB, 1842. 






9 Joliene, 


b. June ai 


0.18*0. 

(1.3. 


4 Ellen J., b. Oct. 

IL 3. in. 1.) 


31, 1844. 






IV. ■BlMJAMlN BdTLKI 


am.«LTDi 


A Page of Weare, N. H. 








1 "PoUi. 
a •Rebikah, 


b.Jun? 
b. April 


5. l-9S,d. 
5. 1797, d. 


unm! [ " ^"*"- 










4. 1800, in 


. Cvr^ne Brett. 








4 Betsey P, 


b. Aug. 


29,1802,10 


. Naihanid True. 








5 Calib P., 


b, Mar 




.Sarah Lord. ^ At Minot. Mb. 






6 •Locrelia, 


b. Jan. 


30, 1808, d. 










T«8MhO., 


b.Dec. 


17, 1810, d. 
[To 


lie cominued.] . 






'1 



1849.] AUtrucU of the Enrlieil Willt. 



ABSTEACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON KECOKD IN 
THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MS. 
[Continued from p, aS6, of Vol. II.] 
Edwakd How. 
*1644. Jane 3. I doe make thU my last will T do thus dispose of my eS' 
ta[«. First I giue to Nailtaniell Treadaieay^ about three acres of Up- 
land Ijing bebinde his dwelling howae & one acre vjibroken before y' said 
howse with nine acres purchased lately of John VaJian further I giue to 
mjwife, Natltaniel Treadauiay, 6c Anne Stonne y' wife of John Slonne 
of Sudbury }■• wares w** all y' previldges therlo belonginge & all y' is 
doe to me from Mr. T/tom: Ma^hew- to either of tbem one tbinl part. 
Ipve to Mary Knawise & EiisaheUt Knowlse each of them one sheep; 
And all y* rest of my estate, honsinge Lands Chatties &. Moveable goods 
ft Debts I give to my wife. If slic shall not make vse of or dispose of 
roy estate during her life what she Leave Anne Stonne ehall haue one 
third part of all y* Cattle : & all y' rest of y* Cattle howsiuge Lands 
Debts & movables I giue to Nathaniell TVeadaway: my wife NaUioM- 
ull Trtadiiwaij & Joltn Slonne Excecutore of this my last will: tc I doe 
Appoint John Shtrntait Suprovisour of this my htst will, & I giue vnlo 
him fifiye shillings to be paid by my wtie in half a year atler my Decease. 
By me Edward How. 
wilnes John Slterman who 
waa swome y'; 25 of y° 5" 44 
in Court 

Stepk, Winlhrop Recor'. 

Elibadeth HoBiiKT.^ 
Boston in New England the 29' of the lO'" month 1643. [In margin] 

*° (7°)1644. [Date of proof.] 

The said Eluabelh Hohert being not well & yet being in perfect sence k. 
vnderstaniling do make this as my last will & testameDl, that my daugh- 
ter Hdnimft Hobtrl & my sonne Benjamin Habert, 1 do make them my 
whole eseculors joyntly together of all those goods w"'' are mine, with 
Ibis provisor, my executors to pay tliree score & ten pounds &. ten shil- 
lingg to Hannah Carrinston ua soone as the goods can be sould. Also 
to pay lo the said Stoctdell Carrington foure pounds & some odde money : 
also to my sonne Richard Hobt't twelve pence. Also lo dau. Banner 
Hobert «t 10 sonne Benjamin Hbbert, &. lo dan. Sarah Holiert, & to 
daij. Raclilieli Ubbert equall |>oriions of what is lelt when all cost & 
(terdges is paid. Youngest dau. Rachel/ to liaue three pounds more 
ihaa the rest of my three children, that is to sny Hannah, & Benjamin & 
Sarah. The executors to haue a tender care of their youngest sister 
Saehel 

* Tb» ■« well as tb« IbUowiDg willi in this article is slightly abridged : bot Ibe phraic- 
lion n alwBjn prnerred. 

I Spib TWadvay in Fasusb. In Ihc Rev. Mb, Bjuai'a /fill, of Framngliam, are 
UBT&cu coDceminE deaceadants of tlic name. 

]filM4ie<l e Jan., 1543-i. »I Boslon.— .''Awllr^ 



r 



"1 



I AbstracU of Hie Earliett WHU. [Jan. 

Robert Hull & TkarTias Clarke deaired to be overseers of will, to see 
it fulfilled as neere as they can. Elisabeth Hobbebt. 

Witiies Robert HuU 
"' Thomas Clarke. proved 4°. 7°. m°, 1644, ' 

before me Samacll 
Symonda Ic me 
Increase Nowell. j 

Geobc PeiLLipi-s. [ 

D. I. (M. 5)« 1644. 
Wee do hereby tealily this to be the lust will of Cfeorg Phil/ipps Pastor of 

Watertowne. [Datoof proof pr. margin] 6° (7") 1644. 
1. 1 giue to my wife the Thirds of all mine estate. 

2. The remainder to be divided amongst my Children. Samuel the Eldest 
to haue a double portion, & the rest to haue equally alike. 

Witnes St/mon Sire ' 

Apphia freeman I 

The mark of £Ks(iie(A aiild 
Presently afler his wife putting him in mind of the bond in Elder Howe* I 
hand, he called Samuel to him and tould him he had given him a double | 
portion, and bade him let the bond alone & give it in to yo' mother when 1 
yow come to age, but if yow take that yow shall haue no more, \ 

Witness Syman Eyre ' 

This was taken vppon AppMa ffretman.. 

the oathe of the said 
St/moR Eyre tc Appkya 
freeman before m'. John i 



Tiio.MAs Pii;. 
14'' (7") 1644 [in margin.] 

Be it knowne to all men that this is the will of Thomas i^,t that fae doth 
give to his »onne T/iomas the house w*^ the home lot), 2 acres of fresh 
marsh, also my lott by the dead swamp, & all the land in the neck bolh 
upland Sl Marsh, ic the 5 acres at the great loi« end. He to pay his 
brother John ten pounds, 5 at 21 years of urc, & and the other 5 a year 
afler. To sonne Thomas JSg also the land in ilie Calues Pasture, pay- 
ing his Bister Hanyl Pigg 5 pounds, 3 pounds a yeare after his mothers 
death and the other three pound the year after that, and for defect not 
paying this sixe pounds at these tymes appointed, the land to returue to 
her. To dau, Saray, dau. Maihew my Eight Acre Lott lyeing vppon 
Figi hill, &. I give To them also my last Division of grouud. To dau. 

> 
• 1" of the 5[b raonih (i.e..*) Julv, 1644.) Ls jjrohahlv the dflle inwiideil. 
1 The tinme of Thomai Piggt in ibuml in our list of^xbury peofile printed in VoU IL 

p. .^3. k andonblvdlv represent! the tBmc pcnon. Figs hill, mentioned in Ihia irill,aB 

an lold IB (till known b; ihat name; bat ihnino pcraon of iho name of Piggt b»t resided' 

there for a [one lime, 
t Hr. Ellu, in hi» Hitt. of Roxbury, enamenttes ii Hntn/ among the (children of ThonM 

Ksgc. bot (Ail name we are incUoed to think iUnds for HaitHah ; yet when w« conte to ft 

"dugfater Malbew," wo n>nfe«» wt are loiutwhki puuled. Tha resdei maj b« «atc, m« 

km ml fm'ffa^M ihi mamaerifil. 



19.] 



AbHracta of the Earlimt Willi. 



JUvy TDj sllotmeDt in the thouiund Acres lyeing nt Dedhani. Wire to 
hane all I linue so long as slie liues lo bring vp my children. After her 
death my children lo have their porliuas us afbre^^uiJ. 
GUei Payion Robert WUIiama ^ 

Testifyed before m' Winthrop Dep: Gov: t M'-. Notcell the (7") 
12-1644, 

John Lovran. 
A tree Copie of the tesiirnony of Elisabeth Child, EHxabeth Pierce Sc 

Margaret Howe examined vppoii oiitli before vs, Richard Browne £c 

W^. Jitnning.i appointed 0° (9") 
ESzalteth C/itld being w"' John Lota'an' of wntertowne some three duyes 

before he dyed, did move him to make his will, lo w'' he answered, That 

he had but little. Si. that his wife was aickley, & eo he would leave that he 

SStabtth Pierce at the sajne lyme being present, heard him {ipealce to this 
pQrpose, Ala?, that I have is hut little, & that he had a sickly wife, Ac 
what he bad was little inough for her. 
Margaret How in the presence of her Husband Mr. How k at the wife of 

J^H Lovran deceased, not long before [lie denili of the t^aid Johv. 
Onlj a iriite or twoe ; He would give his brother that had children one 
hgndred pounds, &, twenty pounds vnio the Church after her life. 

Richard Broume 
William Jennison,^ 

Thomas FiNaos. 
23. (2) 1645. 

Whereas Thomaa^nson mariner late of Dartmouth Dyed abord the Shipp 
Gilbert in September last, Oade.'^X Bayle being present, llie said Thomas 
finfon by word of moulh declared this lo be his last will Si. testament. 
To jon Samuel fyve pounds of English money ; lo his child that hi* wife 
■em wilhall fifty shillings ; lo wife one Hogshead of Tobacco ; to his 
fatlier in lawe Andrew HancooH all his wages. The fifty shillings for 
ibe Child & the Tobacco to be delivered to Andrew Harwaod for Ihe vse 
ifereeaid. Deposed the 

first of the (D°) month 
1644 by OacU Bayle 
before the Court. 

Gabbieli. Wheatlet. 

27 (8) 1645. 

noma* Roaert of Watertowne sworne before John Winthrop Governor 
13 (5) 1G37, sailh that Gubiie/l Whealley being of pftct vnderslanding 



The "fi^eroao" of 1636 of Fftrmrr was prahably onr.Bilin Lotiron; but thai he wns the 
■ne u DoTcr in 10e&, ii improbiMc. There ure many of Ilic name in New Hampshira 
a) ibii Sxj, and eli«wbere in liew Englanil. 

t Scfou St dm lo have b««n wrillen Jmnivet, like Chat aL the commancciiitm of Ihe 
^Mament, but sahiequentlj altered io /nniton. 

t haiblr Oaiu i» meftnt. and p«rhii]» OHt Ba^lry 



r 



) A//stracts of t/ie Earliest WilU. [JunJ 

even lo the time of hia death, wiid in the presence of Bryan PenHJeton 
and this deponent that be would haue the said Bryan to take charge of 
. \i\a estate &c out of it to pay himselt'e what was due to him ; the rest to 
go to his daughter — to be gatliered vp k reserued hy ihe said Bryan, 
Vppon this the said Bryan waa granted to adminJBter, Ac to be accounia- 
bie when require'). The summe that was due to her amounted to £16 
10s. 
•y. ( Richurii Broivtte 

\ Edicaril IJoice. . 

Thomas Kxocker." 
In Inventory of the Goods of TJ/a: Knacker prised of WiU Stttstm WiB 
Brackenburye Augustton Walker it Jo: Alien y' 19 Nov. 1641. 

[His vholc cffecis amonnLcd to some £30. The rolloning names wc tied among; ihe 
list of his debtors Si creilitors :] 

Persons owing; Mich''. Grauci of Saleaif d. John Penttcosl.. ii\ Tito: 
PoysloK\ of Wftterlown, 12s. Nic JewtU, 12'. Mr. Ruben Woarye, 48. 
6''. Jo Burridge, XI. 3s. Gd [goodmnn} Paddaek, 3 ^peuks oi Come. 
Edward PuUer, is. 6*. 

Tliomaa Knocker was debtor to James Browne, £1. 9fl. Austin Waiiier, 
5s. Abram Palmer, ie. His bro: Geog EJwcker, 4s. WW WilUnxn, 
Jo Lamrence, £3. 2s. Ryse Cole, 9". Rnbt. Heath. 1 hu. Come, T/io 
Moulton, lis. Edtcd. Convers, Cs. Jer Swayne, 2s. Gtl Uatek-ins, £8. 
128. 6'^. Good Brackenburye.l Gon Diinker, 3*. Id. Will Smiili, 



Abirail .Sumbr,§ 
31 (8) 1G43. 
The goods of AWgail tlie late wife of Tho: Suiiier deivaseil jiraiscd hy 



pBoiis subscribed. 



Joseph Jenct 
William Bojnton. 



Amount £7. Its. 8". 
Oweth 1. 18. 0. 



" Invenlones." and is rRlled Ho. S Fabmer seems not to have met with the n 
Knerktr, at least not in this form. It is possiUlc tlint it luav hare been cartniled into that 
ofJVocA. 

1 1 ean make natbiDg else cf this name, und it is a perfect Etnmger in mr mlalogae of 
New England names, Probaijly Bo^ltltm. 

t The family of Bradcnbmy wis anciently of much note in England. As [ai« as ibt 
SSd of ELiZAnBTii, "Sickard Srcutin^ry was nn old courticT." Id 15T&. in a visitatioD, 
he is mentioned as Gentleman Usher to Qncen Eliml>eth. and was tlie fifth son of Jnlhonf 
Braknhnry of Ttenton, Yiy Agnes, dau. of Italpli WtclifTa ot Wjtliffo in Yorkshire.— 
Ledgt'i lUtulratiiHU. ii. 4il, Dali'i flirt. Harmth, 17". 

t Perhaps Sttmnfr. Wc do not find either Summer or Swtnw at Walcrtown in ISSS, 
thonjth wc infer that this person died resident llicre. There is no will on record. Fab- 
MBB fonnd a Tkomai SumiiB-at Itowlev, 16W. In the index of onr Toliune of Inventcr 
riM (a modem work,) wo find " Abif^rSuiiuier," which is probably riKhc ' 



1849.] Abstracts of tJu- EarUeit Willn. 81 

Edwajcd Wood. 

Intentory of goods and money belonging to Edward Wood of Charlealowii, 
dtxeaseil being valued by Uobert Long, 'Wltliam Brackenbury and Rich- 
wd RuasBll tbe 4lh day of the 18 Month 16-12, in New England. 



Edward Skisxer,* 
13 ( ) 1G43. 



Paid om of this estate lo TT". Merchant for debt 

To Thomas TTa/rwA [Warwick?] 

To Goodman Rise 

To Goodmi/e Merchant qCWk gih 

To Mary Slanney 

'a the sale of ibe goods & debts 



£21- 

)eposed the 8 of y* Unit month 1<;42 
f Gregory Stone Si. Gilbert Crackborne 

e the Court Inereaxe NowcU Seer. 



Athagered Knig 



A 



An Inventory of At/uigcred Knights goods departed & prysed by Liefl«n- 
int Mason ic (loodniHii Oooledge, 

[Amount of effects,] £7. 143. 8d, 
Hngti Mnsoii 
Jolm Coolidge. 

Thomas Axtell, 
6 (3) 1646. 
TTw Invenlory of the goods of T/ioiTioi Axtell of SadUury late deceased. 
ImprimuB his land fc house £S. 10, Cattle £S. 10, Wearing apparell Ic 
bedding w"* bis Armes £10. for Brasee & pewter £3, prised by Ed- 
mttnd Sine, PltUemon Whale, £ilu-ard Rice. He expressed that Mary 
big wife should haueall his estate for to bring vp his children. Testifyed 
by Edmund Rice vppon oaiJi the 6 (3) IG4G before the Governor, Dep. 
Gov*, k Increase Notcell Seer. 



Alkxa.sdek Bradford. 

12. (4) 164G. 

The last will of Alexander Bradford being made tliis xvii"' day of tho vi 

monifa 1B44 witnesseth. I the said Alexander Bradford of Dorchester 



f 



Refugees in London. £Jm 



apprehending myeetf much veakned k. naturall life impayred throagh 
Sickness ft. dissease. vnio Sarah my now wife all my Masion house i& 
other buildings with the houshold stuffc as it now stands in Dorchester 
Wife sole executrix. I intreate my brother Walter Merry of Dostoa to 
be my Supvisor lo help my wile in managing her affaires, & for three 
pounds w'" my brother John Bradford did owe mee I release him of that, 
it to be equally divided among Lis children. 

Alexander Bkadfokd. 
Signed in y" presence of 
Philemon Pormort* 
WaiUr Mr-rnj. 
Testifyed vppon oath Walter Merry 2 (8) 1645 before John Winthrop 
Dci>. Gov & Herbert Pelkam. 

Moreover After the dealh of my wife I giue unlo the children of my 
brother John all my housen t lands, the anid Alexander Bra/iford hnue 
giuen to Robert Stototon his Moose Suite & a musket & Sworde & bandi- 
lieres & vest. Alexander Bradford. 

William Ireland also 
testified this addition to be 
made by the said Alexander 
Bradford being of disposing memory. 

Sworne before John Winthrop Dep. Gkiv. & 

Herbert Pe/fiam. 



REFUGEES IN LONDON. 
1775. 
The following curious document has been handed us by J. Wingate 
Thornton, Esq., for publication. Such documents of the Revolution- 
ary era are not only curiouB but of intrinsic value on hifltorical accounts. 
It is hoped that whoever may be in possession of such, they will not 
keep them go nafely as to defeat their own purposes ; fires, floods, and 
vermin are daily devouring these eafeltf kept materials of history. 
When they are once put into our pages there are no feara to be enter- 
tained for their safety. " Old papers are good for nothing," is a com- 
mon saying, even among those who, were they to allow themselves a 
moment's reflection, would censure the remark in every body else. 

We whose names arc undersigned do mutually agree lo meet and dine 
together at the Adelphi Tiivem, ou every Thursday, weekly under the fol- 
lowing regulations, 

1" That the expence of the dinner, exclusive of liqnor and waiters, shall 
be two shillings and sixpence for each person present, and no more. 

2.'"' That a dinner every Thursday, shall be accordingly ordered for 
twelve persons at least. 

3f That one of the members present shall ofliciate as steward each day, 
who alone shall order the liquors, collect and pay the Bill, and manage the 
general concerns of the Company. 

n Mallluw PinKr »t Dorchedci, wlio 



1 



1849.] 



Refugees in London. 



^*it That, when less than twelve members shall attend, those present 
shall not be liable for more than their own dinners logetber wirh the liqnor 
onler'd and the waiters ; the residue of llie bill lo be paid by the Steward 
or bis substitute, and repaid him by the absenlees in equal projiorlions. 

S^ That any Gentleman, belonging lo the tour N. England Govem- 
menia, may be admitted a member provided he is iirst proposed to th« Club 
nl any meeting, and there be not two dissenting votes. 

f^aij ■Y\^gx ^,^^1, person subscribing or agreeing to these Bules, is lo be 
considered as a member, untill he shall give notice to the Steward, of his 
ile^irt- to withdraw himself, and lo liave his name erased from the list of 

1^ That any member may invite his friend, giving notice to the Stew- 



3rd of bis inlention am 
Daniel Sileby 
.Tweph Taylor 
I«Mc Smith Jr. 
Harrison Gruy Jr. 
Samuel Quiney 
r. W.Clarke ' 
Joo' Blia -- 
"Wlietlicr the above 


paying his bill, 
Saml. Porter '' 
W". Cubot 
Tho". FluckiT 
R:Cla.-k.- ' 
S. Curwen 
Joii Sewall 
Samuel Sewall 

paper were (]mwn 




J. S. Copley 

Geo Brinley 


up by 


Edward Oxnard 
S S Blowers 
Fra*. Waldo 

one of tlie signets, it 




liifficnlt to determine. The hand writing, however, might be attributed, 
JQilgiiig from the signatures, to either Taylor, Smith, or Copley. There 
— ftdateupon it, but on a paper accompanying it is this memorandum : 



Nov. 2 



m« scooant of nearly every individual in the above list may he 
fotiDii in Mr. Sabine's " Biographical Skbtcues of American Loy- 
alists," He finds but few of them in London so early as 1775, or 
that they had left New England at that date. In his account of Blow- 
ers he does not seem to be aware that be was the author of a history 
of Boston ; bat such is believed to be the fact, although we do not 
remember ever to have seen it. How much of a history it was we are 
tfaerofore unable to stat£. 

Upon one side of the paper containing the signatures is an indorse- 
ment in these words : (evidently unfinished.) 

k Steward a ni v* Crown and Anchor. i 

Sir. goincy 
Fi^knan 



First Settlers of Barnstable. [Jan. 

FIHST SETTLERS OF BARNSTABLE. 

[Commnnicated bj Mb. David Hjhtblbn. — Coniiinied from pnge 390, Vol. 11,] 
Eleazer Crocker m. Beuth Chipman, 7 April, 1682; children, Be- 



I 

H. £> .... 

^K Boni, li. 13 May, 1682, d. 3 Feb., 1701 ; Bethiab, 23 Sept., 1683 ; Ksthwi, 
^H 27 April, 1683; Daniel, 23 March, 1686-7 ; Sarah. 23 March, 1689; The- 
^H ophelus, 11 March. 1601 ; Eleazer, 8 Aug., 1693; Ruth, 3 Aq^:., 1693; 
^B Abel, 15 June, 1695; R«bekah, 10 Dec, 1G97. Mrs. Ruth Crocker d. 6 
^* April, 1698. 

I Nathan Crocker m. Joanna Bursley, 10 March, 1708-9; children, 

Jaboz, b. 10 June, 1709; Benoni, 24 Feb., 1711-12. 

Robert Claghokn m. Bethiah Lathrop, 6 Nov., 1701 ; children, Abia, 
b. 13 Aug., 1702; JoBeph, 25 Aug., 1704; Nathaniel, 10 Nov., 1707; Sam- 
uel, 23 June, 1711. 

SuoBAL Clagbobn m. ; children, James, b. Aug., 1 689 ; 

Thankful, 30 Jan., 1690, d. Jan., 1696 ; Thomas, 20 March, 1692-3; Shobal, 
20 SepL, 1696; Robert, 18 July, 1699; Benjamin. 14 June, 1701 ; Mary, 
1707 ; Jane, 170'J ; Ebenezer, 30 July, 1712. 

Isaac Cuapuan m. Rebecca Leonard, 2 Sept., 1678; children, Lezaia, 
b. 15 Dec, 1679; John, 12 May, 1681 ; Hannah, 26 Dec, 1682, d. 6 July. 
1689; James, 5 Aug., 1685; Abigail, 11 Julv, 1687; Hannah, 10 April, 
1690; Isaac, 29 Dec, 1692; Ralph, 19 Jan., 1695; Rebecca, 10 Jane, 
1697. 

Deacon Sauuel Chipmas m. Samli Cob. 27 Dec, 1686. d. 1723 ; she 
died 8 Jan., 1742. Children, Tliomas, b 17 Nov. 1687; Samuel, 6 Aug, 
1689; John." 16 Feb., 1691; Abigail, 15 SepL, 1692; Joseph, 10 Jan.". 
1694; Jacob, 30 Aug., 1695; Seth, 24 Feb., 1697; Hannah, 24 Sept., 

1699 ; Sarah, 1 Nov., 1701 ; Bamabaa, 24 March, 1702. 

John Chipman m, Hope Howland, dau. of John Howland, which came 
over in the Mayflower. 

Jakes Cohoon, (son of widow Mary Davis,) b. 25 Oct, 1696. 

Stephen Clap m. Temperance Gorham, 24 Dec, 1696- 

Natban Davis m. Elizabetli Phinney, 25 Nov., 1714; children, Jabezf 
b. 7 Oct., 1715; Sarah. 12 Aug., 1717, d. 23 Aug., 1717; Eliiabeth, 15 
Sept., 1718; Isaac, 9 Jan., 1720. 

JosiAn Da*is m, Ann Tayler, 25 June, 1679; children, John, h. 2 
Sepu, 1681; Hannah. April, 1683; Josiah, Aug., 1687; Seth, Del., 1692; 
Kuth, Feb., 1694; Sarah, Feb.. 1666; Jonathan, about 1698; Stephen, 12 
Dec, 1700; Anna, 5 April, 1702. 

Joseph Davis ra. Hannah Cob, March, 1695^ children, Robert, b. 7 
March. 1696-7 ; Joseph, 28 March. 1698-9 ; James, 30 July, 1700 ; Gersh- 
om, 5 Sept., 1702 ; Hannah. 5 March, 1705 ; Mary, 4 June, 1707 ; Leittia, 

12 Feb., 1709 ; Daniel. 28 SepL, 1713. 

Joseph Davis m. Mary Clagliorn. 28 March, 1682 ; children. Simeon, 
b. 19 Jan^ 1 G83 ; Marj-, June, 1685 : Joseph, April, 16S7 ; Robert, 

13 June, 1689. 

tDoLLAR Davis m. Hannah Linnil, 3 Aug, 1681; children. Shobal, 
b 23 April, 1685 ; Thomas, Aug., 1687 ; Hannah, Dec, 1689 ; Stepben, ■ 
Sept, 1690; Thankful, March, 1696; Daniel, July, 1698; Job, July, 

1700 ; Noah. SepL, 1702 ; Remember Merey, 15 Oct., 1704. 



I.] Fint Settlert of Barnstable. 85 

J*BEZ Davib m. Experience Linnel, 20 Aug., 1689 ; children, Nathan, 
ft. 3 March. Ili'JO; Samuel, 26 Sepu 1^92; Betbshebn, Iti Jan., 1694; 
Isaac, 23 April, ICgG; Abigail, 20 April, 1G98; Jacob, Oct., 1699; 
llerey. 16 Feb.. 1701. 

JoHK Divis, Jr., m. Bath Goodspeed, 2 Feb., 1G74 ; children, John, b. 
Nov., 1675, d. Aug., 1681; Benjamin. 8 Sept., 1070; Jobn, 17 I 

March, 1GS4; Nathaniel, 17 July. 16»t;. Married 2d, Mat; Hamblen, 22 
Feb. 1692. Shed. Nov., 1698; Shobal, 10 July, 1694; James. 24 March, 
1096; Ebenezer, 13 May, 1697. Married 3d, widow Hannah Bacon. 8 
May, 1699 ; Nicholas, la March. 1699-1700. ' 

JosiAB Davis m. Mehitable Tayler. 10 July, 1712 ; children, Edward, 
k 19 June, 1713; Mary, fl Aug., 1714; Josiah, 2 Aug., 1718. • 

Capt. TnojtAS Dimock" m. ; children, Mehitable, b. Oct., 

1C86: Temperance, June, 1689; Edward, 5 July, 1692; Thoma-S 2a 
Dec 1694: Desire, Feb^ 1696. 

JoHK Dk»ock m. Eliits^th Lumber, Nov., 1689; children, Sarah, \ 

b. Dec, 1690 i Anna, July. 1693; Jlaiy, June, 1695; Theophilus, Sepl., 
1696; Timothy. July, 1698; Ebenezer, Feb., 1700; Thankful, 5 April, I 

1702 ; Elizabeth, 20 April, 1704. '' 

Sbobxl Dimock m. TaJ>ilha Lothrop, 4 May, 1G99 ; children, Samuel, 
b. 7 May, 1702 ; Joanna, 24 Dec, 1708, d. about 3 weeks after ; Mehita- 
ble, 20 June. 1711. 

Joseph Dimock m. Lydia Fuller, 12 May, 1699 ; children, Thomas, b. 
26 Jan™ 1699-1700 ; Bethiah, 3 Feb , 1702 : Mehitable, 22 March, 1707 ; " | 

Ensign. 8 March, 1709; Icbabod, 8 3Lircb, 1711 ; Abigail, 31 [30?] June, ■ 

1714; Phsroh, 2 .SepL, 1717 ; David, 22 Den., 1721. ) 

Stsphen Dexter m. Anna Sanders, 27 April. 1696; children, Mary, j 

b. 24 Aug., 1696; a son, 22 Dec. 1698, d. .Tan., 1698-9 ; Abigail, 13 May. 
1699; Content, 5 Feb., 1701; Anna, 9 March, 1703-3; Sarah, 1 June, 
1705 ; Stephen, 26 July, 1707 ; Mercy, 5 July, 1709 ; Marion, 8 Match, 
1712; Cornelius, 21 March, 17i;i-14 ' 

Samfsl Doane of Eastham, m. Martha Hamblen, 30 Dec, 1696. | 

JOHX Ewer m. Elizabeth Lumbard. 5 July, 1716 ; diildreti, Sbobal, b. ' 

V ; .Toseph; Benjamin, 5 SepL, 1721. i 

Srobal Ewer m. ; children, Rebakah, b. 27 April, 1715. j 

Mr. Sbobal Ewer d. 6 Aug., 171.5. 

Thohas Ewer m. widow Sarah Warren, 18 Sept., 1712, and died June. ' 

1732. j 

Nathaniel FiTTaRAKDLEt m. Mary Holley, Nov.. 1662; children, j 

John, b, 1 Feb, 1662; Isaac, 7 Dec, 1664. i 

Dr. Joiis FcLLER m. ; children, Bethiah, b. Dec, 1687; 

John, Oct., 1689 ; Reliance, 8 Sept, 1691. 

JouK Fuller m. Thankful Gorham, 16 June, 1710 ; children. Hannah, 
h. 1 April. 1711; John, 3 Aug., 1712; Mary, 1 Sept., 1715; Betliiab, 1 
Sept. 1715; Nathaniel, 10 Dec, 1716; Thankful, 19 Sept, 1718. 

Joseph Fi;lleb, jR,-m. Joanna Crocker, 9 Feb., 1708-9 ; children, 
Hebekah, h. 29 Dec, 1709 ; Bethinh, 2 March, 1712. 

Thouax Fuller m. Eli&abeth Lathrop, 29 Dec, 1680 ; children, Han- 
,ii»Ji.U 17 Nov., 1681; Joseph, 12 July, 1683; Mary, 6 Aug., 1685: Ben- 
jknun, 6 Aug., 1690; Elisabeth. 3 Sept., 1692; Samuel. 12 April, 1694; 
Abigail, 9 .Tan., imri-&. 




I ^ Firal SetUere of Bamataiile. [Jan. 



^H Jabez Fdlleb m. ; children. Samuel, b. 23 Feb,, 1687: 

^H Jonacliun, 10 March, 1692 ; Merc>, 1 April, 1696 ; Lois, 23 Sept., 1704 ; 
^H Ebenczer, 2U Feb., 170S-9 ; Mary, no date. 

^^H Matthkw Fuller m. Fiitience Young, 25 Feb, 1692 ; children, Anna. 
^H b. Nov., 1693; Jonatlian, Ol., 1606; Content. 19 Feb., 1696-9; Jean, 
^V 1704. d. 1708 ; David, Feb.. 1706-7 ; Young, 1708 ; ConieliuB, 1710. 

Barkabas Fuller m. Flizabelh Young, 25 Feb., 1680 ; children, Sam- 
uel, b. Nov., 1681; Iftaac. Aug., 1684; Hannah, Sept., 1688; Ebenezer, 
April, 1699 : Joaiuh, Feb., 1709. 

Samuel Fuller m. ; child, Sarah, b. 16 April, 1719. 

JoSKrH Fdller m. ; ciiildren. Remember, b. 26 May, 1701 ; 

Serb. I Sept., 17()o ; Thankful, 4 Aug., 1708. 

Benjamin Fuller m. — ; children. Temperance, b. 7 March, 

170^ ; Hannah, 20 May, 1704 ; John, 25 Dec, 1706 ; James. 1 May. 171 1. 
Natbanikl Goodsi'EEd* m. Elizabeth Bursley, Nov., 1666 ; child, 
Hary, b. 18 Feb., 1667. 

Uknjamin GooDsf kku m. Mary DavU ; child, Mary, b. 10 Jan., 1C77. 

John Gooi)ttrEm> tn. Experience Uolley, 9 Jan.. 1668; children. Me rev, 

b. 18 Feb.. 1669; Samuel, 23 June, 1670; John, 1 June, 1673; Experience, 

14Sept., 1676; Benjamin. 31 March, 1G79; Rose, 20 Feb.. 1680; Bath- 

ahua, 17 Feb., 1683. 

• JuHX, son of John Goo<1speed, ni. Remembrance Buck, 16 Ftb . 1697 ; 
children, Elicabeth, b 10 Dec. 1698 ; Temperance, 17 Feb., 1699 ; Sam- 
uel. J7 March, 1701; ComeUus, 2 Feb, 1703; John. 16 Nov., 1708; Kx- 
perience, 24 June, 1710 ; a daughter, 24 April, 1T12. 

Bknjamin GoODePEisu, Jr., m. Susannah Allen, Mardi, 17)0; children, 
Joseph, b. 1 Jan.. 1711; Mary, 12 Oct., 1713; Mercy, 26 Sept., 1725. 

Bekjauin Goodspeed m. Hope Lumbart, 1707 ; children, Jabez, b- 36 
Jan., 1707-8: Jane, 7 SepL, 1709; James, 31 [30?] June. 1711; David. 
13 Nov, 1713; Nalban, 7 Oct.. 1715, d. 29 April, 1731; Patience, 25 
Marcli, 1718 ; Jonathan, 23 April, 1720. 

Ebenezer Goodspred ra. Lydia Crowel, Feb., 1677 ; children, Benja- 
min, b. 31 Oct., 1678 ; a son. 21 -Ian., 1679, d. 20 Dec, 1680 ; Mehitable. 
■4 Sept. 1681 ; Alice, 30 June, 1688 ; Ebenexcr, 10 Sept., 1685; Mary, 2 
Aug., 1687 ; Susannah. 7 Nov., 1689 ; Patience, 1 June, 1692 : Ruth, 12 
July. 1694; Lvdia, 14 Oct.. 1696; Koger, 14l>ul698; Reliance, 18 Sept., 
1701 ; Mo9es.'24 Nov., 1704. 

James GorhamI m. Hannuh lluckins, 24 Feb., 1673 ; children. Desire, 
b. 9 Feb.. 1674; .lame.*, G March. 1676-7; Experience. 28 July. 1678; 
Johu, 2 Au^r., 1680; Mehiiable, 20 April, 1683; Thomas, 16 l>ec., 1684; 
Mercy, 22 Nov.. 1686, d. r> June, 1689 ; Joseph, 25 March, 1C89 ; Jabei, 
6 March, 1690-1 ; Sylvanus. 13 Oct.. 1693 ; Ebenezer. 14 Feb., 1695-6. 

Jambs Gorbam and Mary Joyce m. 29 Sept.. 1709; cliild, Thankful, 
t). 25 May, 1711. 

Capt. Jorn Gorsam m. Deaire Howland, 1643, daughter of Mr. .John 
Howland, the one that came over in the Mayflower, who died in Plymouth, 
2H Feb., 1672. B-. 80 years. 

' Col. John Gokhah m. Mary Olia, 24 Feb.. 1674 ; children, John, b. 
18 Jan^ 1675, d. 1 April, 1679; Temperance. 2 Aug., 1678; Mary, 18 
April, 1680; Stephen. 23 June. 1683; Sfaobal. 2 SepL, 1666; John, 28 



1 



Uetcription of James the. Firnt. 87 

Sept, 1688; Thankful, 15 Feb., IGQU; Job, 30 Aug., 1692; Mercy, Dec.. 
1695. Col. Gorbain d. 11 Nov., 1716. 

Sbobal Gorham m. Puelia Hussey, May, 1 693; children, George, b, 
29 Jan., 1696-7 i Abigail, last of March, lff99 ; Lydia, 14 May. 1701 ; 
Hannah, 28 July, 1703 ; Tbeodale, 18 July. 1705 ; Daniel. 24 Sept., 1708 ; 
Desire. 26 Sept., 1710 ; Eutb. 7 May. 1713. 

Thomas, {son of James,) Gorham m. ; childi-en, Benjamin, 

b 8 SepL, 1708; Reuben, 10 Dec, 170'J; Priscilla. 18 Dec, 1711 ; Ham- 
ud, 18 Dec, 1713; Peter. 19 Dec. 1715; Paul, 6 Jan., 1717-18; Abra- 

tlO July, 1720 ; Gerahom. 22 June, 1725 ; Abigail, 13 May, 1729 ; 
1, 23 June, 1723. 



DESCRIPTION OF JAMES THE FIRST, 



following quaint and graphic deiieriplioii of James ilie First, king of 
England, vhose name will ever be aGiio<;ialed with the history of our puri- 
Un ancestors, towards whom be ever exhibited the niosl bitter and perse- 
cuting spirit, is by a colemporary, Anlboiiy Weldon. This writer also givea 
portroita of other disiinguiehed men of hia lime. His picture of James, 
liawerer, ia the most M)mplete, and is said to give a very perfect idea of his 
personal appearance and peculiar liahits* 

"He was of a middle slalure. more wrpuleiit through his cloihea than in 
bis body, yet fat enougb, lii.s elolbes ever being made large and easy ; the 
doablelj (juilted for stiletto proof; bis breechea in great plaits and full 
*luffe(l ; he was naturally of a timorous disposition, wbich whs the reason 
of hU tjuilled doublets ; his eye large, «ver rolling after any stranger that 
oune in bis presence, insomucb that many for shame have left the room, as 
being out of countenance ; bis beard "as very ibin ; liis tongue loo large for 
his luouili, wbich made him drink very uncomely, as if eating hia drink, 
which came out into the cup of each side of his mouth ; bis skiti was as soil 
OB taffeCy sarsnei, which felt so because he never washed his hands, only 
rubbed his fingers' ends slightly with the wet end of a napkin : his legs were 
very weak, having had (as some thought) some foul play in his youth, or 
tsiher before he wax born, that he was not able to stand at seven years of 
age; ilial weakness made him for ever leaning on other men's shoulders; 
liu walk was ever circular "t 

PAN OLD PROVERB. J 

Kfber ttuit murfi to a ndo frFmH at nn «IS mtms- ^^^^J 

Itemcmber mBD and keep in mind ^^^^^^| 

A railhful friend is liard [o find. ^^^^^^H 

Snddnine friendship, sure repentance. ^^^^^^^| 

If you Iran belbre jon 117 ^^M 
You nmy repent before yon dy. — Bailet. 

• AffruprcfiM Bmm; Vol. Vll., p. 45i 

1 Tht Cburt and Charactir of King Jomtt. iThcrrnnlo is Hdded the court of King 
(3i*rles. continued nnto the beginning of ))i«se unhappy timea, wiUi aotne olHiTVRiioas 
upon him instead of * eharncier. Collettwl and perfected by Sir A. W. (Anthony Wei- 
doo.) I^oi nescil dissimulare, nescit regnare. Puhluhed hv authority. Printed ai Loq. ' 
dm, bj K. J., and are to b« sold by J. CoUin* in Lliile Briitaine, 1651. 



Tiibie of Kinyn and (Jutens Mjice the. Conquest. 



Sable of Kings arib €iutmB since tl]c Conquist 



I 



I 



I 



I* 



William 1. 
WiUiam II. 
Henry I. 



Henry III 
Edward I. 
Edward II. 



lOCCOct U 
1087 Sept. 9 
1100 Aug. 1 
1135 Dec. 2 



1154 Oct. 25 
1189 Aug. 13 
llBUApr. 6 
1216 Oot. 17 
1272NOV.I0 
1307 July 8 



20 8 15 


1210 7 


35 3 27 


18 10 



Rupture 

Shot by an arrow. . . . 
A Eurftit of lampreys. 
The piles. 



« LINE RESTORED. 



Edward IlL 1327.1. 
RichaH II. 1377 June 22 



Henry IV. I lM9Sept.30 I 
Henry V. UlSMiir.21 
Henry VI. | 1422 «ept, 1 | 



Edward IV. | 1401 Mar. 4 1 
Edward V. 1483 Apr. 9 
Richard III. 1483 June 22 



;i4 


6 18 


9 


7 3 


17 


4 23 


5« 


19 


37 


7 17 


19 


6 12 


50 


4 27 


22 


3 7 



Gnef. 

Wound of an ai 
Course of natun 

Age 

Diarrhoia. . . , 
Was murdercil. 
Course of nature 
Consumption. . 



[NE OF rJNOASTER. 

13 5 20 I Apoplesv. 
9 5 10 Pleurisy' . 
38 C 3 Murdered. 



Henry VH. 
Heni7 VIII. 
Edward VI. 
Q Mary 
Q. Eli«abetb 

James I. 
Charles I. 
Cromwell 
Charles II. 
Jamea IL 
Mary IL 



1485 Aug. 22 
1509 Apr. 22 
1647 Jan. 28 
1553 July 
1558 Nov. 17 



1049 .Tan. .30 
IfiSSFeb. t; 
\ 1689 Feb. i; 



1 5 I Ague I 

2 16 Was smothered 

1 26 I Killed in bailie 1 

ns and LAKCIASTER imilr'l. 

Consumption I 

Ulcerated leg and Fever. 

Consumption 

Dropsy 

Course of Nature 



«p« 0/ ZMOLAMD <m4 JH-OILAND 



William III. J 1689 Feb, 13 

n> kflinn </ |A< FVirl 



23 10 3 

36 7 
3 10 5 
510 15 

13 20 



Wail betifi 



ed. 



Q. Anne 
George L 
George H. 
Geonp; III.* 
Geoi^ IV. 
William IV. 
Q.VicToni* 



1702 >Iar, 8 
1714 Aug. 1 
1727 June 11 
1760 Oct. 25 
1820 Jaa 29 
1830 June 26 
1837 June 20 



12 


4 24 1 


12 10 10 1 


3.1 


4 14 


59 


3 4 


10 


4S!8 


e 1 1 25 1 



Apoplexy 

Course of nature. . . . 

Small'pox 

A fall from liia horse. . 
.AND 'wd 8con.Ain>. 

Apoplexy I 

Paralytic attack 

Died suddenly 

Course of nature 

Bursting of a blood veaael 

Course of nature 

Whom GOD preserre. . | 



* The PvUknieQU or (jreuBniaJQ and Ireland weiemiitMl Jan. 1. ISIO. 



J 



1849.] LUi of Freemen. 89 



LIST OP FREEMEN. 

[Camnraiiicated ^ Bsr Locm E. Pami of OimbrldgB, DMmbtr of Um N. X. Ilkt. QaneaL Sooiolgr.] 

Uoder the first charter of the Massachusetts colony* none were regarded 
as freemen, or members of the body politic, except such as were admitted 
bj the General Court and took the oath of allegiance to the government 
bere established. This custom continued in existence until, by the second 
charter, the colony was transformed into a province. Mr. Savage* in his 
edition of Winthrop's Journal, published a list of persons admitted freemen, 
up to May 10, 1648; and he justly remarked, that "these are probably 
sDcestors of near three fourths of the present inhabitants of the six New 
England states, with almost half of New York and Ohio." Having occa- 
lion to nse a more full list of freemen, I transcribed, nearly eight years 
ago, the names of all the persons admitted freemen, up to the time when 
the practice was discontinued, as recorded in the office of the Secretary of 
State. Agreeably to the request of the editor of the Register, this list is 
DOW furnished for publication. The names stand in the same order as in 
the original, and the orthography is carefully preserved. To guard more 
effectually against mistakes, I have recently, after so long an interval, com- 
pared my copy with the original, and I believe it to be correct, so far as 
the original remains legible. It is not surprising that many of the names 
are incorrectly spelled. They are not autographs ; but they were written 
bj the Secretary, according to the sound, as the names were pronounced to 
him. Moreover, it sometimes occurred, doubtless, that he did not catch the 
soDod accurately, and therefore mistook the true name. I have endeavoured 
to exhibit an exact transcript ; so that all readers may have the same 
opportunity to make proper corrections, which a perusal of the original 
would afford. 

The oath administered to freemen is a document not without interest, 
and is here inserted, both in its original and its revised form, the orthog- 
raphy only being changed. 

" The oath of a Freeman, or of a man to be made Free. 

** I, A. B. dbc being by the Almighty's most wise disposition become a 
member of this .body, consisting of the Grovemor, Deputy Governor, Aa- 
siatants and Commonalty of the Massachusetts in New England, do freely 
and sincerely acknowledge that I am justly and lawfully subject to the 
Government of the same, and do accordingly submit my person and estate 
to be protected, ordered and governed by the laws and constitutions thereof, 
aad do faithfully promise to be from time to time obedient and conformable 
tbareunto, and to the authority of the said Governor and Assistants, and 
their successors, and to all such laws, orders, sentences and decrees as shall 
be lawfully made and published by them or their successors. And I will 
alwajs endeavor (as in duty I am bound) to advance the peace and welfare 
of this body or commonwealth, to my utmost skill and ability. And I will, 
to my best power and means, seek to divert and prevent whatsoever may 
tend to the ruin or damage thereof, or of any the said Governor, Deputy 
Governor, or Assistants, or any of them, or their successors, and will give 
>peedy notice to them, or some of them, of any sedition, violence, treachery, 
or other hurt or evil, which I shall know, hear, or vehemently suspect, to 
he plotted or intended against the said commonwealth, or the said Govern- 
ment established. And I will not, at any time, suffer or give consent to any 
eounsel or attempt, that shall be offered, given, or attempted, for the im- 

6 



90 



JUtt t(f Freemen. 



[J 



peachment of the said Govenimeiit, or making any chaDge or alteration of 
the same, contrary to the laws and ordinances thereof; bat shall do mj 
-ntmost endeavor to discover, oppose and hinder all and every such coonsei 
and attempt So help me God." — CbL Rec. Vol, L page 1. 

"At a Greneral Court holden at Boston, May 14, 1684. 

" It was agreed and oi*dered, that the former oath of freemen shall be 
revoked, so far as it is dissonant from the oath of freemen hereunder 
written ; and that those that received the former oath shall stand bound no 
further thereby, to any intent or purpose, than this new oath ties those 
that now take the same." * 

19 Oct. 1680. The names of such as desire to be made ffreemen. 



Mr. Sam" Mav'acke 
Mr. £dw. Johnson 
Mr. £dw. Gibbins 
Mr. Will. Jeffries 
Mr. John Burslin 
Mr. Sam" Sharpe 
Mr. Tho. Graves 
Mr, Biwar Cooant 
John Woodbury 
Peter Palfir 
Mr. Nath. Turner 
Mr. Sam" ffreeman 
Eprafiim Childe 
1^. Willm Gierke 
Mr. Abraham Palmer 
John Page 
Mr. Robte ffeake 
Mr. Willm Pelham 
Mr. Ben. Brand 
Mr. Will : Black5tone 
Mr. Edmond Lockirood 
Mr. Rich. Browne 
John Stickland 
Ralfe Sprage 
Mr. George Ludlowe 
James Pcfl (62) 
Henry Woolcott 
^omas Stoughton 
Willm Pbelpea 
George Dvar 
John Uoskins 
Thomas fford 
l^ich. Upsall 
Stephen Terree 
Heqry Smyth 
R(»er Wilima 
John Woolridge 
Tha Lumberd 
Biffatt E^estone 
jJoon Gnnowav 
•Christopher Gibson 
John Benham 

^Thomns Willms ab. Harris 
Rich. Garrett 



John Howman 
John Crabb 
Capt Walt' Norton 
Mr. Alex. Wignall 
Mr. Willm Jennison 
Mr. Thomas Southcoate 
Mr. Rich. Southcoate 
James Pemb'ton 
Mr. John Dillingham 
John Johnson 
Geon^e Alcocke 
Mr. Robte Coles 
John Burr 
Thomas Rawlins 
Rich. Bugby 
Rich. Hutchins 
Ralfe Mushell 
Thomas Lambe 
Will : Throdingham 
Willm Chase 

ffo.xewell 
Mr. Charies Gott 
Henry Harwood 
Mr. George Phillips 
Mr. John Wilson 
Mr. John Mav'acke 
Mr. John Warham 
Mr. Sam' Skelton 
Mr. Will. Colbron 
Mr. Will. Aspinwall 
E<)w. Converse 
Mr. Rich. Palgrave 
John Taylour 
Rich. Church 
Rich. SilTcster 
Will. Balstone 
Robte Abell 
Mr. (jriles Sexton 
Robte Seely 
John Mills 
John C ran well 
Mr. Ralfe Glover 
Wnim Hulberd 
Edmond James 



John Pillipa 

Nath. Bowman 

John Dogeett 

LaurenceLeach 

Daniel Abbott 

Charles Chadwicke 

Will. Drakenbury 

John Drake 

John Balshe 

Mr. Sarnie Coole 

Mr. Will. Traske 

Will. Gallard 

Will. Rockewell 

Henry Herricke 

Sam^ Hosier 

Rich. Myllett 

Mr. Abraham Pratt 

Willm James 

Will- Allen 

Sam" Archer (68) 

CoL Recj Vol. L pp. 6% 6S. 

18 May 16dl. 

The names of such as took 
the oath of ffreemen. 

Mr. John Mav'acke 
Mr. Jo : Warham 
Mr. Willm Blackestone 
Mr. George Phillips 
Mr. Rich. Browne 
Capt Dan" Pattricke 
Capt Jo : Und'hill 
Capt Southcoate 

Mr. Tho. Graves 
Capt Walt' Norton 
Mr. George Throckmton 
Mr. Wm. Colbran 
S'ieant Morns 
Sleant Stickland 
Mr. Roger Conant 
Mr. Charies Gott 
Ralfe Sprage 
Laurence Leach 
John Home 



^ Having printed the oath here referred to, (see p. 41 of this number of Journal,) it i 
here omitted. It is in the Cb/. JUe$^ YoL L p. lU. 



i»t qf JPreemm* 



91 



Hr. Sam'Coob 
John Woodbnrr 
Mr. John Oldebftm 
Edmond Lockevood 
John Pjige 
Mr. Ric£ Falgrare 
John Doggett 
Rich. Sprue 
fiVaaocs Johnioil 
Tha Stoiwbtoa 
Abraham Palmer 
John Johnioa 
BobCe Colei,— erased 

the record. 
Eprahim Childe 
Bmj Romiter 
RobteSeelj 
Bi<zBoU Egnestone 
Mr. Will.15learke 
WiUm Noddle 
Mr. Robte fiV^es 
Willm. Agar 
Xich Slower 
John Benham 
Willm Babtone 
Stephen Terre 
Sam" Hosier - 
Robte Hardinge 
Willm Woods 
Mr. George Alcocke 
Bobte Mttiltoii 
Pet' Palfiy 
Mr. £dw. Belchar 
John JSdoxmdt 
Geoige PhilUpa 
Roger Willms 
John Balche 
John Moore 
Henrj Herrickc 
John Hoakins 
Math. Grant 
John Barr 
Simon Hortt 
Charles Chadwicke 
Willm Parks 
RaHeMoshen 
Willm Hudson 
Waltf Pahner 
fienry Smjth 
Tho. fiord 
Jonas Weede 
Mr. Edw. Tonljns 
Mr. Rich. Saltonstall 
Edw. Gibbons 
Mr. Alex. Wignal! 
Mr, Willm Genntson 
Dan" Abbott 
Tha Rawlins 
Rich. Bogbj 
Jolm Wama 



m 



Mr. Willm JeSrj 

DaTT Johnson 

KicLUpsaU 

WiUm Bateman 

Dan" ffinch 

Mr. Jo. Bunlprn (73) 

Mr. John Maisters 

John Peirce 

Griffin Crofte 

George D)'Ar 

WUlm RockeweU 

Tho. Moore 

John Taylour 

Ezekiell Richardson 

Edw. IJonverse 

Robte Abell 

Mr. John Dillingham 

Isaacke Sterne 

Roger Mawry 

Tho. Dexter, — erased in 

the record. 
Tho. Lambe 
Tha Willms 
John fierman 
John Gosse 
John Grinnoway 
Gyles Sexton 
Tha Lamberd 
Mr. Edw. Jones 
Willm Gallerd 
Willm Allen 
Rich. Bulgar 
Rich, fibxewell 
Willm. ffelpes 
John Perkins 
Mr. Sam" Skelton 
Mr. Edw. Johnson 
Wm. Cheewbroagh 
Anthony Dixe 
(Trauncs Smyth 
(Tranncis Aleworth (74) 

C. R., Vol. I. pp. 73, 74. 

March 6, 1631-2. 

Mr. John Ellyott 
Jacob Ellyott 
Abraham Browne . 
James Pennjrman 
Isaack Perry 
Gregory Baixter 
Willm ffrothingham 
Sam" Moore 
John Blacke 
John Mylls 

C, IJ^ Vol. I. p. 7f 



I 



April 3, 1632. 

Mr. John Winthrop iun' 
Mr. Willm AspinwalT 
John Sampeford 



WUlm Hnlbeii 

C.Hy Vol.lp.U. 

July 3, 1632. 

Mr. Nath. Tamer 
John Raegles 
Elias Stfleman 
Mr. Willm Dennison 
Mr. Sam" Sharpe 
Mr. John Wilson 
John Moore 

C. R.f Vol. L p. 74. 

August 7, 1632. 

John Phillips 
Valentine Prentice 
John Hull 
Sam" Wakeman 

C.R, VolI.p.U 

Oct. 2, 1632. 

Mr. Sam" Mav'icke 

C. R.f Vol. I. p. 74. 

Nov. 6, 1682. 

Mr. Tho. WeW 

Mr. Tha James 

Mr. Ja Willusk 

Mr. Jo. CotfTgoshal) 

Mr. Rich. Dumer 

Mr. Tha OUyver 

Mr. John Branker 

Mr. Tha Beecfaer 

Tha ffrench 

Willm Goodwin 

John Beniamin 

John Talcott « 

James Olmstead 

John Clefke 

Willm Leawis 

Nath. Richards 

WUlm Wadsworth 

Rich. Webb 

C. it, Vol. I. p. 74. 

March 4, 1632-3. 

Willm Curtis 

Thomas Uffott 

John Perry 

Isaack Morrall 

WUlm Heath 

George HuU 

Eltweed Pmnmery 

Nich. Denselow 

Gyles Gibbs 

John Neweton 

John White 

Willm Spenoer 

John Rirman 

Tymothy Tomlyna (74> 



92 



Litt of Freemen. 



w 



Henry Harwood 
Richiurd CoHocott 
Willm Bi^enbuiy 
John Smyth (79) 
C. it, Fo/. /. pp. 74, 

April 1, 1683. 

Sleant Greene 
Rise Coles 
Willm Dady 

C. A, Vol L p. 

June II, 1633. 

Willm Stilson 
Itich. Millett 
Rich. Lyman 
JeaT Rawling 
Tho. Smyth 
David Wilton 
John Witchfield 
Elias Mav'acke 

a R.J Vol. L p. 

Nov. 5, 1633. 

Mr. Israeli Stoughton 
Mr. John Co^n 
Mr. Willm Hifl 
Mr. John Moody 
fJohn Porter 
fTrauncis Weston 
John Watson 
John Holgrave 

C. R., Vol. I. p. 

March 4, 1633-4. 

Xhomas Grubb 
^^ Edmond Hobbert 

£dw. Hutchingson 

Mr. Tho. Leveritt 

Mr. Gyles flcrman 

JSdmond Quintey 

Willm CoUishawe 
'^'Thomas Minor 

Tha Howlett 

John Gage 

Sam* wSboare 

John Levens 

John C ran well 
**^>iw. Mcllowes 

James Browne 

Mr. John Wodridge 

Josuah llewes 

Robte Turner 

John Biggs 

Tho. Matson 

Walter Merry 

Rich. Tappin 

Mr. AttertoQ Hough 

Willm Andrewes 

Rich. Walker 

George Roggles 



Mr. Nich. Parker. 

C. it, Vol. L p. 79. 

April 1, 1684. 

7^ Mr. Dan" Dennison 

Creorge Minott 

Rich. Gridley 

Thomas Reade 

Grcorge Hutchingson 

Robte Roise 
79. John Peraerton 

Bernard Lumbert ~ 

Henry Wulcott 

Rich. Hull 

John Gallop 

Richard Silvester 

Wilhn Horsefbrd 

C. it. Vol. I. p. 79. 

May 14, 1684. 

John Haynes Esq. 
79. Phillip Sherman 

Daniell Brewer 

Tho. Gaildthait 

Robte Gamlyn Sen' 

Thomas Hale 

Edward Riggs 

John Walker 

Thomas Wilson 

Sam" Basse 

Tho. Pigg 

Willm Hill 
79. Sam" ffinch 

George Williams 

Edw. Gyles 

Willm l>ixy 

George Norton 

Thomas Ebome 

Dan" Wray 
^Wibraham Mcllowes. 

John Ollyver 

Robte Hale 

Tho. Cakebread (79) 

Tho. Squire 

Robte Houlton 

John Odlyn 

•Roger Clapp 

Josuah Carter 

Thomas Talmage 

Richard flairebancks 

Phillip Tabor 

Gregory Taylour 

John Chapman 

Willm Learned 

Mr. Tho. Hooker 

Mr. Sam" Stone 

Edw. Hove 

Bartholmewe Greene 

Rich. Wrisht 

John Steefe «( 

Edm. Stebbini 



Andrewe Warner 
George Steele 
Rich. Butlar 
Thomas Spencer 
Edw. Muste 
Rich. Groodman 
John Pratt 
John Haward 
Andrewe Ward 
Joseph Twitchwell 
Tho. Hatch 
Gciprse Whitehand 
Jerad Hadden 
Joseph Reddings 
Anthony Colby 
John Bosworth 
firauncis Plumer 
Humfry Pynny 
Bray Wilkins 
James Rawlyns 
Jacob Bamy 
Tho. Lowthrop 
Steven Hart 
Jefiery Massy 
Rich. Brakenbury 
Tho. ffairewcath* 
Willm Hedges 
John Hoskins 
Peter Woolfe 
Willm Chase 
Willm Talmidge 
Mr. John Cotton 
Nath. Gillett 
Dan" Howe 
Myles Reddin 
John Eales 
Mr. Willm Peirce 
Mr. Tho. Mahewe 
Robte Walker 
Phillipp Randill 
Tho. Holcombe 
Tho. Dewey 
Tho. Jeffry 
James Parker 
Walter ffiler 
John Haydon 
Edmond Harte 
Willm Hathome 
Steven ficench 
Christopher Hussey 
Edw. Bendall 
John Button 
Rich. Raymond 
fJonathan Wade 
Tho. Coldham 
James Tompson 
Tho. Hubbard 
John Hall 
John Baker 
^T. Willm Brenton 
John Capen 



1840.] 



Lift of Freemen, 



93 



ffinonos Dent 
Henrr flbakes (112) 
C. A, FoL /.pp. 79, 112. 

Sep. 8, 1684. 

Beniamin Hubbard 
Edmood^Hubbard 
Joho Mooseil 
WUlm Baker 
Willm Nasbe 
Thomas Goble 
^K)UyTcr Mellowes 
Bobte Gamlyne 
Ralfe Hiningwaj 
JesP* Rawl JDS 
John Stowe 
John Campion 
Willm ffireebome 
WiQm Perkins 
James Everill 
Jonathan Negos 
Nicholas WiUost 
Akx. Becke 
Heniy Pease 
Sim' Cmmwell 
Joieph Rednape 
£dw. Hutchingson 
John Sibley 
Hugh HUljard 
MoKs Mav'acke 
Mr. John Spencer 
Bobte Mossey 
Heorj Shorte 
Phillip ffowler 
BTtn Pendleton 
Abraham ffinch 
Anthony Peirce 
John Bernard 
Marhm Und'wood 
^ Smd" Smjrth 
John Browne 
John £dy 
Bobte Abbitt 
Bobte Coe 
Nathanell fibole 
Bich. Davenport 
Mr. Tha Newbery 
John Pope 
Job Hawkes 
Balfeffogg 

Bobert Reyndlls ^ 

Bobte Potter 
John Hardy 
J^ioiDu Thomoton 
^Matthias Sension 
Mr. Tho. Parker 
Mr. Nicholas Easton 
Mr. Jimes Noise 
- Jonah Hubbard 

CA^FoLIp. 118 



March 4, 1684-5. 

Capt John Mason ^ 
Ht4;b Mason ^ 
George Munings 
John Brandisbe 
Sam° Hubbert 
Edward Dixe 
Thomas Bartlett 
George Buncar 
Robte Blott 
Rich. Kettle 
Willm Johnson 
Thomas Lynd 
Mr. Willm Andrewes 
Wilhn Westwood 
Mathewc Allen 
Guy Bambridge 
Willm Pantry 
Tho. ffisher 
John Hopkins 
John Bridge 
Willm Kelsey 
John Bernard 
James Ensigne 

Sam' Greenehill 

Tymothy Stanley 

Rich. Lcml 

John Frmce 

Edw. Winshipp 

Sam" Greene 

Joseph Gierke 

John Wulcott 

Abraham Newell 

Rich. Pepper 

Isaac Johnson 

Christopher Peake 

Hiomas Woodford 

Thomas Scott 

Tha Boreman 

Roger I^nckton 

Jobn Webster 

Hugb Sheratt 

Joseph Metcalfe 

Will. Bartholmcwe 

Tho. Dorman 

Rich. Kent 

James Davifl 

Jobn Newegate 

Mr. Will. Hutchingson 

Tho. Marshall 

Rich. Cooke 

Willm Nethland 

Tho. Wardall 

Rich. Hutcbingson 

f!V. Hutchingson 

Gamaliell Wate 
Rich. Trusedale 

Edw. Hitchin 

Robte Parker 

Joseph Easton 



Jphn Tylley 
Tho. Stanley 

C. R, Fo/.Ip. 118. 

May 6, 1685. 

Philemon Portmorte 
Henry Elkines 
Christ. Martial 
Edmond Bulckley 
Eward Browne 
Jarrett Bourne 
Willm PeU 
Bcniamyn Gillom 
Tho. Alcocke 
Edmonde Jacklinge 
John Sebley 
Tho. Peirce 
Mr. Sachariah Syms 
Bamaby Wynes 
Jeffery fferris 
John Keynolls 
Henry Bright 
Tho. Hastings 
John Lethermore 
John BatcheP 
John Tompson 
John Clerke 
Tho. Swifte 
Robte Wincall 
Tho. Hosmer 

Willm Butlar 
John Amoll 

George Stockin 

Nathanaell Ely 

Robte Day 

Jerymy Adams 

Joseph Maggott 1 

John HaU 

Sam" Allen 

Humfry Bradstrcetc 

Thomas Pyne 

Joha G^ 

George Strange 

Nathanaell Duncan ^ 

Thomas Marshall 

Thomas Hoskins 

RieBaid JK^iBbaU • 

Robte Andrewes 

Henry Wright 

Jonathan Jcllett 

Tha Gun 

Robte Dibell 

Henry ffowkes 

Elias Parkeman 

John Blackeleach 

Dan" Morse 

Joseph Morse 

Edward Garfield 
Rich. Browne 
Willm Moody 



\ ^ 



H 



List of Freemen. 



[Jan. 



Christ Oseood 
Tho. Backland 
Richard Jacob 
' Aron Cooke 
George Phelpes 
Boniface Burton^ 
Robte Bootefishe 
Bobte Dnrver 
Willm Edmonds 
John Ravensdala 
John Lc^g 
George narr 
Robte Cotty 
Mr. Steven Batchel' 

C. R., Vol L p. 153. 

Sep. 2, 1635. 

WiUm Blumfeild 
Joseph HuU 
Willm Reade 
Richard Adaaos 
John Upham , m 

Robte Lovell 
Willm Smyth . 
Richard Woodward 
%«Peter Hubbert 
Mr. George Byrditt 
Mr. Townsend Bishopp 
Phillip Vereing 
Mr. John fiawne 
Thomas Scra^rgs 

C. jR., Vol I. p. 15$, 

March 3, 1635-6. 

Mr. Clem*. Cbaplaine 

Willm Mosse 

Willm Dyar 

Joseph Wells 

John Cogeswell 

Richard Tattle 

Robte Lord 
•Wilhn Walton 
•Tho. Loreing 
» Clem* Bates 

John Astwood 
•Tho. Wakely ^ 

Wilhn Norton 2 J(o\U\ 
^ George Ludkin * 
*^ George Marshe 
•^ John Ottis 
*^ Nicholas Baker 
<» Nicholas Jacob 
^David Phippin - 

Edmond Batter 
. Philemon Dolton 

John Whitney 

Willm Swayne 

Henry Kingman 

Thomas White 

Angell Hollard 

Jolm Kingsbury 



«Uohn Levett 
Tho. Rawlyni 
Roger Harlakendine Esq. 
Mr. Joseph Cooke. 
Mr. Greorge Cooke 
Mr. Nich. Danforth- 
"f bo. Mam'ott 
Mr. Sam*^ Shepheard 
Willm flVench 
Simon Crosby 
Tho. Cheeseholme 
John Russell 
Passevell Greene 
Mr. Hugh Peters 
Thomas Bloyett 
Edmond firost 
Mr. Tho. Shepheard 
Henry Vane Esq. 
Tho. Ewer 
Tho. Brigden 
Michaell Bastowe 
Joseph Andrewes 

an, VoLlp.l5S. 



May 25, 1636. 

Jasper Gun 
Thorn : Bell 
Mr. Samuell Apleton 
Isaack Heathe 
Philip Elliot 
Adam Mott 
William Webbe 
Edward Woodman 
Thomas Judd 
John Knight 
Rich'd Knight 
Anthony Mosse 
Rob't Longe 
Rob't Hawkins 
Edward Corington 
Bernard Capen 
Will. Hamond ' 
John Saunders 
Robert Kaine 
Daniel Maude 
Ralph Hudson 
Thomas Hassord 
James Johnson 
John Davy 
George Bute 
Nathaniell Heaton 
Will. Benseley 
Will. Townsend 
Rich'd Bracket 
Thorn. Savage 
Mr. Henry fflinte 
Will. Courser 
James Browne 
2«acheos Boswortk 
Mathias Iveft 
AVilL Wilwn 



Will Salter 

Anthony Harker ; 

Edward Goflfe 

Rich'd Cham^nyes 

Edmond Lewis 

John Stowers 

John Smythe 

John Eaton 

Edmond Sherman 

John Coolidge 

Gregory Stone ' 

Symon Stone 

Greorge Hepbume 

Will. Kinge 

Augustine Clement 

Rich'd Karder 

John I^ggenson , ^ 

John Mvlam 

Thom. Dimocke 

John Loverin 

Willi: Wilcocks 

Eklward Ben net 

Thom. Mekyn junior 

Hugh Gunnison 

Edmond Jackson 
^JBemaby Dor}'fall 
r Mr. Rich'd Bellingham 
I Mr. John Winthrope sen. 
I Mr. John Humfrey 
\ Mr. Thom. Dudley , 

\ Mr. WilLToddington 
\ Increase Nowell 
I Symon Brads(reete 
^""^ C. it, Fo/. I.y. 194.. 

Dec. 7,1636. 

James Bate 
Edward Clapp 
John Smythe 
Edward White 
David Price 
George Aldridge 
Oliver Purchase 
John Webbe 
Alexand' Winchester 
Robert Scotte 
Steven Winthrope 
Will. Goodhewe 
Gilbert Crackbome 
Samuell Whiteing 
Thomas Brooke 
Willi. Wilcockson \ . 
Will. Beadseley 
.^Alexand' Knolls ^ 

TThom. Atkinson 
John Holland 
Walter Nicoles 

C. /?., Vol L p. 19i^ 

Dec. 8, 1686. 
Mr. Thom. Jenner 



1849.3 



of Frtemen. 



96 



ffraneis I^Mbote 
Edward m»W6 
John Cooper 
J<^ More 
Xbaan. Beale 

C. R^ Vd. L p. 154. 

March 9, 1686-7. 

Edward Ketcham ' 
Rich'd Roota 
Joseph Isaack 
John Ha«ell 
*^Rich'd BetBham 
**AnthonT Eames 
-•Samoell Waide 
^Tbomai Hamond 
"^Thomas Ujiderwood 

Nicolas Hudson X%f^lt^ 
•^ohn Winchester * 
Abraham Shawe 
Rob't Lockwood 
^111. Barsham 
lUcVdO^ares 
Edward Bates 
Jenkin Davies 
Matbe^e West 
^ierrct Spencer 
Thomas Tvlestone 
Hcnrjr CoUins 
Bobert Sedswick 
Jimes Heyden 
' Tfaomsi Stamfoard 
^JohaStronge 
Thomas Carter 
Joseph Armitage 
Ricb'd Wayte 
Robert Hull 
Ricb. Wajde 
^TIL Dinny 
Tbomas Meakina 

C. Kj Vol. I. p. 194. 

April 18, 1687. 

' Thomas Parish 
^iKNnas Briggam 
xWilliam Cutter 
WfllL Town6 
John Gore 
Robert Sever 
^ Rubles 
LttrenceWhitamore 
John GraTes 
, ^yles Pason 
^wgeKinge 

C.R^ Vol. L p. 195. 

^April 17,1687., 

I^^opher fibster 

Tdqq. Browninge > 

"ynonErre 

WiUiam Dodge ^ 



-jflrancis Smythe 
Nathani. Porter 
Edward Dinnr 
Willi. Dineley 
ffranc* East 
Nathani. Woodward 
John Smythe 
Edward Kainsfoard 
Thomas Wheeler 
John \Laurence < 
. C. U , Vol I p. 

May 17, 1687. 

Thorn. Olney 
Thorn. Grardner 
Joseph Pope 
Willi. Bounde 
Henry Bartholomewe 
Joseph Grafton 
(Francis Skerry 
Edmond Marshall 
Henry Seawall junior 
Henry Bull 
Thomas Smythe 
Nicolas Holt 
Nicolas Noise 
Archelans Woodman 
James Browne 
John Bartlot 
Robert Pike 
Thomas Coleman 
Mathew^Chafe 
George Burden 
George Hunn 
Willi. Sumner 
George Proctor 
Thomas Millet 
Thomas Dible 
Philip Drinker 
John Cheney 
John Norton 
John Syverens 
Tbom. Wells 
John Perkins 
'Willi. Lampson 
Thom. Bircher 
Edward Porter 
James Howe 
Thom. Rogers 
John Sharman 
John Rogers 
Myles Nutte 
James Osmer 
Rich'd Johnson 
Thomas Parker 
John Hanchet 
John Gibson 

C. it, Vol I. p. 

Sep. 7, 1687. 
Mr. Geoige Moxam 



195. 



Or. Tymo. Dalton 

■^ a R., Vol. I. p, 196. 

Not. 2, 1687. 

Nathaniell Wales 
Edw* Sale 
Will. Casehr 
Mr. John mske 
Mr. John Harvard 

C. R.J Vol I. p. 196. 

March — 1687-8. 



Thom. Spooner 
ftomas Venner 
James Moulton 
James Haynes 
Henry Skerry 
Joseph Bktchiler 
John Symonds 
John Gedney 
Micha: Spencer 
John Pearce 
Nico. Bnsbey 
Ralph Woodward 
Samu. Symonds 
Mr. Thom. fflint 
Rich'd Griffinn 
John Evert 
George Haywood 
Thom. fibxe 
George Hocfaens 
Edward Rawson 
H^nry Rust 
David ffiske 
Willi. Harsye 
-m Willi. Ludkin 
Thom. Linkome 
Henry Tuttle 

C.R.J Voll.p. 195. 

May 2, 1688. 

Samuell Rich'dson 
Rob't Cutler 
Thomas Rich'dson 
Edward Johnson 
John Brinsmeade 
Isaack Mixer 
Henry Kemball 
Willi. Nickerson 
Henry Dow 
Nicho. Byram 
Samu. Hackbume 
Abraham Howe 
John Tatman 
Rob't Williams 
Htlkmfrey Atherton 
Gabriel! Meiide 
195, Ralph Tomkins 
Rich'd Hawes 
Alexander Miller 
Joseph Wilson 



96 



iMt of Freemen. 



D 



Michaell WiUes 

John Sill 

George Willifl 

Thomas Swetman *" 

Edward Hall 

Mr. William Hubberd 

Kioh'd Lumkin ^ 

Willi. Warrener x 

Marke Svmonds 

Thomas Rawlinson ^ 

Thomas Carter 

WilU. Knight 

George Taylor 

John Gould « 

Thomas Cobbet 

Daniell Pcirce 

William Ballard 

Willi. Thome 
w^Abraham Tappin •• 

^^Henry Lunt 

John Browne 

Henry Burdsall 

C,R,, Voi,Lp. 196. 

June 9, 1688. 
Mr. Natha. Eaton 

CR,, VoLLp. 196. 

Sep. 6, 1638. 

The magistrates ef Ipswich 
had order to giro 

Mr. Natha. Rogers the oath 
of Freedom. 

C. R.J Vol I. p. 196. 



Sep. 7, 1638. 

Thomas Hale 
Rich'd Singletery 
SteTen fibwlitch 
Nicholas Browne 
Zachary ffitche 
Thomas Tredwell 
Geo. Giddings 

C.R,, VoLLp. 196 

March IS, 1638-9. 
Mr. John Allen 
Mr. Edward Alleyne 
Mr. Ralph Wheelocke 
Mr. Willm Tynge 
John Leuson 
John Frayrye 
Eleazer Lussher 
John Huntimr 
Rob^ Hinsdan 
Edward Kempo 
John Dwite 
Hennr PhilHpa 
Mr. Joseph Peck 



Heniy Smytbe 
Edwutl GUman 
Thomas Cooper 
John Beale 
Henry Chamberlin 
Thomas Clapp 
John Palmer 
John Tower 
Henry Webbe 

unes Mattucke VUmmiL 
John TutUe ^^""^^^ 
Theophi. Wilson 
Jeremy Belcher 
Willi. Cockeram 
Edward Bates 
John Rogers 
Christopher Batte 
Samuel Neweman 
Mr. Robert Peck 
Edmond Greenliffe 
Thomas Bulkeley 
Luke Potter 
Ephraim Wheeler 
Robert Merriam 
James Bennet 
John Wbitenum 
William Palmer 
William Eastowe 
Thom. Moulton 
Rich'd Swayne 
Willi. Wakefeild 
Thom. Joanes «» 

C. R.J VolLp. 196. 

March 14, 1638-9. 

^icho. Butler 
Mr. Thom. Wills 
Sir. Edward Holliock 
Mr. Rich'd Sadler 
Mr. Edward Howell 
Thomas Townescnd 
Edward Baker 
Henry Gaynes 
Nicholas Batter 
James Boutwell 
Rich'd Wells 
Willi. Langley 
Robert Parsons 
Godfrey Armitage 
Arthur Geerce 
Joseph Pell 
Thomas Layton 
Willi. Partridge 
Roger Shawe 
Robert Dannell 
Hezechi. Upher 
Christopher Cayne 
Rob't Steedman 
Geoi^ Keecar 



Edward Barekam 
Joseph Merriam 
Thomas Browne 
Greorge fibule 
Willi. Busse 
Henry Brooke 
Henry ffarewell 
Roger Draper 
John Miles 
Sethe Switzer 
Isaack Cole 
John Wisewall 
John Maudsley 
Joseph fiamworth 
William Reed 
WiUiam Blake 
Thomas Dickerman 

*THr.*^Bndicot and 
John Winthrope jun 
order to give 
Mr. Emanuel Downeii 
the oath of fiVeedo 
C. /?., Vol, L p. 

22 May, 1639. 
Mr. Willi. Sergent 
Mr. Thom. Hawkins 
Mr. Sam. ffreeman 
Thomas Marten 
Nichol. Guye 
Mr. Samu. Winsley 
Steven Dnmer 
John Osgood 
John Gooffe 
John Mussellwhit 
Steven Kent 
John Rimington 
Thomas Browne 
John Moulton 

Hulling 
Rich' Waters 
Thomas Ruggles 
Joseph Shawe 
ffrancis More 
Walter Edmonds 
Willi. Bowstrecte 
Hopestill ffostero 
Thomas Scotto 
Willi. Adams 
Thomas Says 
John Alderman 
Griffin Bowen 
John Spooer ^ 

Rich'd Hdlidge 
John Clarke 
Giles ffirman 
Josua Tedd 
Bcniamin ffelton 



[To be contlmMd.] 



• S --i 






^ 

/ 



/ 



-? > # 



1849.] Notiee$ of New PuUtcatum$. 97 



ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE JOSSELYN FAMILY. 

An error or mbprint, on the 308th page of the Register for July, 1848, 
require correction. As it now stands, it makes Rebecca, the daughter of 
Abraham and Beatrice Josseljn, to have married her third husband in 1780, 
the date being one hundred and eleven years after her second marriage. 
The records inform as that Edward Stevens and Rebecca Harris, both of 
Boston, were married by the Rev. Samuel Willard, on the 8th of October, 
1700 ; and this is doubtless the correct date. 

In the article to which this correction pertains, it was proved that Henry 
Josselyn of Sdtuate, was the brother of Abraham Josselyn, Jr., and that 
the latter was the son of Abraham Josselyn, Sen., who was the son of Thom- 
as and Rebecca Josselyn of Hingham and Lancaster. Although no record 
of the birth of Henry Josselyn had been discovered, it seemed justifiable to 
ooodude that said Henry was the son of Abraham, Sen., and the grandson 
cf Thomas. Since the publication of the article, there has been found on 
record a deed which fully confirms the foregoing inference. By this deed 
it I4)pears that on the 19th of Nov., 1695, "Henry Josselin, of Scituate, 
blftdLsmith, and wife Abigail, sold to John Langley, of Hingham, innholder, 
ibr £5. 10. a lot of fresh meadow, being tlie 41st lot, 3d division of Cona- 
haeset meadow, as it was granted by the inhabitants of Hingham to Thom" 
at Josselyn his grandfaiherr -- Suffolk Deeds, XVII 258. It is believed 
that sufficient evidence has now been produced to show conclusively that 
Henry Josselyn of Scituate, was not the son of Henry Josselyn, Esq., of 
Scarborough. 

Joseph Josselyn of Abington, son of Abraham and Beatrice, settled 
first at Hingham, where he was married, March 17, 1687, to Hannah, dau. 
of John Farroi^ Their daughter Mary was bom at Hingham, May 24, 
1695. • T.W. H. 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

foems. By John 6. Whittieb. Illustrated by H. Billuigs. 

"Was it riobt, 

While my rninambered brethren toiled and bled, 

That I shoald dream Kwnj th' entrusted hours 

On rose leaf beds, pampering the coward heart 

With feelings all too delicate for nser* — S. T. CoLSBiDOJa 

OD : Benjamin B. Mussey & Co. 1849. 8yo. pp. 384. 

8och is the title-page of a magnificent rolnme from the enterprising house of Messrs. 
'Idmet & Co. If^the author mcked any thing, which is by no means the case, to attract 
H^en of poetry, the defect w<iu1d be fully supplied by the style in which the publishen 
«»e executed their part of the work. 

Poets are not yery apt to be antiquaries, but we discorer in the poems of Mr. Whittier 
* S^naine taste for things tiij^honored, and we regret that space in our pages does not 
*dinit us to sustain our judgment by sudi extracts as we coula wish to maae, and snch as 
ve may make at some future time. 

Who has not read "MooG Meoohb" 1 If any can answer " No " we say to such, Go 
BOW, Negative, and read it. Should the eye light oq the exquisite illustration facing these 
uiicv, 



98 Notiee% of New PuUieatioim [Jaii> 

** Two fottni axe now in that cIumI dfan, 
Tbo J«raU dlent and nd ana pale. 
Anxtonsly heeding MMne learAil cak 
Whioli a ftranger if telUnf lilm "— 

reiistance would be yanqnUhed ; the idle beholder would be compelled to read with inters 
mi that beautifully composed tale of the latter days of the Red Men. 

7^ Dudley Genealogies and Family Records. [With a cut of the] 
Arms of Hon. Thomad Dudley, first Deputy Governor and second Gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts Bay. By Dban Dudley. 

** Children's children are the crown of old men ; 
• And the glory of children are their fothers." 

Boston : Published by the Author. 1848. 8vo. pp.144. 

Besides the genealof^ of the Dudley family contained in this Tolume, there is a lai^ 
amount concerning numerous other families, among which are those of Aoery^ SaHef^ 
BarileU, Bixby, Bean, Btnnoch, BlaitddlfBUinchartL Brad$treet^Buck, Child, (hit, CoUtm^ 
Creuy.^Dmmson, Dodge, Emerton, Emery, F\tUow9, FoUomfGiWertfGoM^ Greely, HardU^ 
Harthom^ HiUr^HaU, Hilton^ Hubbard, KintUy,'TCimhall^ Ladd^ Langdon, Lovell, Xoocrn^, 
Mdnwarinff, Mumford, Miller, Moody, Morrill, OrctUt^^Pofrer^Parker, P^abody, Phdbrick, Ar- 
kinB, I^rryman, Pil$bury, Birhardt, Jlogere, Bumrill, SallonstaU, Seavrr, Semall, Sidneys 
Th^, TKurtton/Twkfr, Treat.yTWtt, Wanton, Webster, Wetton, Washburn, Whitmg, 
Wdlumu^ Winthrop, Woodbridge, Woodward, Young. 

The work of Mr. Dddlbt, though one of great labor, and must have cost him much 
money as well as time, he tells us in his preface, is only an " introduction " to what he in- 
tends to do for his name and family. We heartily commend his zeal, and we hope in tb« 
end he will find himself amply remunerated for the sacrifices it must cost him. Should 
he go unrewarded, those he has strived so hard to benefit deserve to go unremembtred, 

A Brief General History of the Welles, or Wellsy Family. By Albert 
Wells. New York. 1848. 8vo. pp. 25. 

The " Prefatory Remarks" in Mr. Wells's work being lirief, we extract it entire. 

*^ This publication is intended as an introduction to a large work, now and for nearly 
nine years in progress of compilation — embracing a Genealogical History of about ten 
thouMnd of the lineal descendants of Thomas Welles, the original cftiigrant and founder 
of the family in this country. Those who arc connected, are respectfully solicited to com- 
municate whatever information they may possess, including family registers of births, 
marriages and deaths, to the author, po^t paid, as it is very desirable to make the collection 
as complete as possible before publication. A lithographic genealogical tree will accom- 
pany the large work, including all the descendants ascertained." 

l^his " introduction " to a history of the Wells family is good evidence of what the 
author is able and competent to do, and we hope nothing will prevent his bringing his 
materials into form in a short time, that those now far idvanced in years may have the 
pleasure of knowing the work has been done before closing their pilgrimage here. 

An Address, delivered at tlie opening of Vie New Town Hallj Ware, 
Mass., March 31, 1847. Containing sketches of the early history of that 
town, and its first settlers. By William Htde. Published at the request 
of the Town. Brookfield, Ms. Merriam 6c Cooke, Printers. 1847. 8vo. 
pp. 56. 

The work before us it quite a formidable pamphlet, and to make even a slight synopsis 
of itf contents would exceed our limits. From tlie cursory glance which we have been 
able to give to its pages, we are of opinion that it comprehends an excellent history of the 
town of Ware. Although this town is comparatively of recent date, yet we are told 
Ibat, as early as 1686. December the 87th, its eastern part was included in a purchase made 
of the Indian proprietors, ** JbAn Magut, Lawrence NoMsowamno, attorneys to Jnogomok, 
sachem of the tract of land called WomMmesisecook, /am4#and Simon, sons and heirs of 
Blaek James, sachem of the Nipmug [u<mal1^ Nipmmrk] country.'* The price paid was 
** £20. current money of N. England,** and ** divers good causes and considerations.** The 
▼alue of what was understood by the latter clause not being very apparent 

For other particulars we must refer the reader to the work iL«elf, i/ Ae can find it. The 
author ban kmdly sent one copy to the Genealogical Society. To that we are indebted for 
oar knowledge of its existence. We otdened some copies firom the printers, but it being 
published by the town, we presume it b not for Sile. 



1849.] NoUeeM of New PublicatioM. 90 

Honorable Old Age. A Discourse occasioned by the Centennial Anni- 
venarj of Hon. Timotbt Fabrab, LL. D. Delivered at Hollis, N. U , 
3^\j 11th, 1847. Bj Timothy Farrar Clart. Printed by request. 
.Andover: Printed by William H. WardwelL 1847. 8vo. pp. 28. 

The oocMion which gare rise to this discourse is, from the nature of it, one which can 
ImU rarely occor, and when such an occasion does occur, it is highly gratifying to see U 
^mhraccd in a manner worthy of it. ^ 

To this truly philosophical as well as eloquent discourse, there is appended a notice of 
JcDGB Farrab. It would he appropriats for our pages, but as it has appeared elsewhere 
in print of late, it might be thougnt superfluous at this time. Therefore we will close our 
l»ief notice of the worlt by a single paragraph from the body of iL 

** Look upon the two extremes of such an age, and mark the space between them. What 
mighty changes has earth undei^ne ! Nations have sprung into being ; thrones have 
crummed into dust, and the requiem of empires has been sung. Revolution upon Revo- 
lutioQ has rolled its mighty billows over the face of the earth. Kingdoms have become 
«1eBolate, and the wilderness populous with far-spreading tribes of men. What marshal- 
ling of forces ; what marches and countermarches ; what perpetual antagonism ; what 
nmning to and fro among the busy inhabitants of the earth ! In the moral world what 
c han gea has so long a period wrought I New institutions have supplanted old. Society 
bas wen cast and re-cast, in new and still newer forms. Strong minds and stout hearts 
hare rushed into the field of conflict, where truth was the prize of victory. Error, assum- 
ing Bew and still newer forms, retreating and still retreating, has been driven from succes- 
sive hiding places, and progress, in every department of life, has marked the lapse of an 
Innidred jews.** 

A History of the County of Westchester, from itJt first Settlement to the 
present time. By Robert Bolton, Jr., author of the •* Guide to New 
Rocfaelle,** and a member of the N. Y. Historical Society. 

" It is the privilege of History to impart the experience of age, without its infirmities ; 
to bring back things long obsaircd by time, or sinlung into oblivion ; and enable us 
to form some reasonable conjectures of what may happen to posterity." — PouUon*i 
Hitt, of HoUUmtu, 

2 Vols. 8vo. New York: Printed by Alexander S. Grould, 144 Nassau 
It 1848. pp. 114k 

This work, we are free to confess, has somewhat astonbhed us. It has, indeed, been 
long known to us that Mr. Bolton was engaged on such a work, or on a history of that 
eoQDty, but that he was going to eclipse all the works of his (American) predecessors in 
Utti department in respect to magnitude, was what we were not prepared to witness. 

FVom some acquaintance with Mr. Bolton, we felt satisfied that if energy and perse ver- 
ince would accomplish an undertaking, his would not be left undone ; and we have now 
before us two stout thick octavo volumes, profusely set off with numerous appropriate en- 
frarings of family arms, views of residences, churches, noted places and maps. But that 
vbich will attract the attention of many of our readers in a particular manner is the family 
pfdigreos. In this. department of his work the author has taken great pains. He hai 
Bade long and expensive journeys to examine familv papers, converse with old people, 
nd so OB. To be brief, Mr. Bolton seems to have followed the English manner of draw- 
ing up his work, that is, the manner adopted by the county historians of that country, 
■■eh further than any of our local historians have hitherto done. His genealogies are 
chiefly displayed in the legal tabular form, and are folded into his work like maps. Some 
of the pedigrees thus displayed are of the families of Cortlandt, Lawrence, Pinckney, Wani^ 
TImms, At Lemref. DUbrow, Philip$e, Qmnby, jUlaire, Sand*, BtU, Jay, Heathcote, TbmAcynf , 
Jbrlew, (MderkUL, Ltgffeit, MorrU, and Strangit. 

It is bat very recentiv that we have had an opportunity to catch even a glance of Mr. 
BoltoD*s work, no one having (as yet) served us with a copy, but we have no doubt we 
shall be favored widi one before long, — nor do we know of its being for sale among us. 
In index to the work under notice would vastly enhance its value. 

The American Mnanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge, for the 
year 1849. Boston: Cuables C. Little and James Brown. 1848. 
*12mo. pp. 370. 

Ahhoagh this most important of American annuals has changed hands (publishers) since 
its last appeanmoe, it has certainly not lost any thing in value. It is in fact the greatest 



100 



Maniaga and Deaiht. 



[Jan 



embodiment of every daj matters and things that can well be conccired of. After eare- 
fallj looking throagh its index, every one roust be surprised at the vast rans^e it coDijnc- 
hends — Fleets, Armies, States, Kingdoms, Cities, Mississippis, Obios, Ontartos and Erief, 
all pass in review before us, giving the moat satisfactory accounts of themselves. 
We wish the publishers could word to give us a Ut-iU better paper. 

The New, Hampshire Annual Register, and United States Calendar, 
for the year 1849. Bj G. Parker Lyon. No. xxviii. Concord: Pub- 
lished by G. P. Lyon. 18mo. pp. 168. 

^ The following important little memorandum Mr. Lyon has included in brackets on his 
title-page : " The numbering of the Register commenced with 1822, by Dr. John Fanner, 
who was then engaged as compiler. The first Register published for ^lew Hampshire, was 
in 1772." There is no other prefatory matter accompanying the work. We are particn- 
lariy pleased with the appearance of this number, because it is in keeping with its prede- 
cessors, especially those on which the name of Farmes appears. It is in every respect a 
most valuable little manual for not only the inhabitants of the Qrwntt Stan, but for those 
who have gone from it. 

The Massachusetts Quarterly Review. No. V. December, 1§A8> 
Boston: Published by Coolidge & Wiley. 8vo. pp. 186. 

When this work was announced for publication, very considerable interest was mani* 
fested by the reading community. The occasion of the interest thus excited was at the 
same time fully explained, as it was understood that the Ret. Theodore Parker was to 
be a principal contributor to its pages \ and with the name of Mr. Parker were given sev- 
eral others, any one of whom alone was a sufficient guarantee that the work would not be 
wanting in interest It has now reached the first number of a second volume. The mat- 
ters discoursed upon in the present number are, I. The Political Destination of America. 
II. Lejrality of American Slavery. III. The Law of Evidence. IV. The Works of W. 
S. Lander. V. A New Theory of the Effects of the Tides. YL Postal Reform. YII. 
The Free Soil Movement. 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

Ames, Me. Franelin K., of Mansfield, 30 

Nov., at S. Scituate, to Miss Abbt A. 

Otis of Scituate. 
Andrews, Me. Hbnst 6., of Boston, 19 

September, at Plymouth, to Elizabeth 

Bliss, dau. of the late Hoo. Nathaniel 

M. Davis. 
AxHERrox, Ma. Otis, of Newton Lower 

Falls, 26 Oct., to Miss Jane R. Rice of 

the same place. 
Clapp, Me. Otis W., in New York, 20 

Nov., to Miss Maeion L., only dau. of 

Hon. George Briges of New York. 
Cutler, Ma. John L., of Farmington, Me., 

at Augusta, 18 Oct. to Miss Zylphia, 

dan. of Hon. Rael Williams. 
Deaee, Axos G., of Boston, to Miss Ma- 

EI A S. Potter of Charlestown, 9 Nov. 
Fbbnch, Hon. Benjamin Vinton, of 

Braintree, 9 Oct., to Miss Hareibt A. 

Sboar of Brooklyn, N. Y.. at St Paal's 

Church, N. Y. 
HmcKLET, E. R., Esq., Boston, to Miss 

Fannie E. Hill, 9 Nov. 
Jbwett, Daniel T., Esq , of Bangor, Me , 

at Rozbury, 1 Dec., to Mita Saeab J., 



dau. of the late Hon. John Wilson of Bel- 
fast, Me. 

Kellooo, Ellipt G., Esq , of Burlington, 
Vt.. 7 Nov., to Hannah B. Fostee of 
Roxbury. 

Kino, Rev. Thomas Staee, pastor of 
Hollis St. Church, Boston, 17 Dec, to 
Miss Julia Maeia, dau. of Noah Wig- 
gin, Esq. 

Lawbence, T. Bioelow, of Boston, 5 
Dec, to SALLiB,dau. of Robert J. Ward, 
Esq., of Louisville, Ky., at L. 

Lewis. Mb. Joseph W., of Philadelphia, 
to Miss Anne H. Kid dee of Boston, 9 
Nov. 

Lombard, Me. Iseael, Jr., of Boston, to 
Miss Susan, dau of Francis Kidder, 
Esq , of Bristol. 

LoRiNO, Mr. Gboroe, of Concord, 22 
Nov., to Miss Ann D., dau. of the lat6 
Rev. Samuel Ripley. 

Melchbr, Mr. James F., of Exeter, N. H^ 
31 Aug., to Miss Susan L, dau. of the 
late Samuel Dearborn of North Hamp- 
ton, N. H. 

Otis, Benj. F., in St. Lonis, 21 Aug^ to 
Miss Saeah K. Swan of Worcester. 

Paige, Mb. West, of Haidwick, 13 Dec, 



"^%v 



1849.] 



Marridgei.and Death. 



101 



to Miss Casolirb M. Wakhbr, tlio 

ofa 
PiEB, Wm. F^ of Sseo, Mt^ (master of 

•hip Adeliot) 19 Oct., at Liverpool, 

£nf.,to Miaa Emma Elizabsth Uob- 

SUCH of L. 
RiCB. Mb. Ja8. W., of Waltham, at Nash- 

Tille, N. H., to Miss Mabia Fabwbll, 

also of Waltbara, 26 Oct. 

RiCHABDSON, Mb. J. COOLIDGB, of Wo- 

bum. 5 Dec , to Miaa Maby Mybick of 
Dvibory, at D. • 

Robib8ok,Mb. T. L., of Roxbary, 15 Nov., 
to Mias H. y. DuBFEB, daa. of Mr. C. 
Durfee of Fall River. 

RoBmson, Mb. Wm. S., editor of the Bos- 
ton Repabliran, Salem, 30 Nov., to Miss 
Habbibt J. Hanson of Lo>vell. 

Sawteb, Hon. Thomas E., Dover, N. H., 
12 Oct, to Miss Elizabeth Moody. 

Spbagub, Mb. S. E., of Boston, to Habbi- 
bt BoBDMAN, dau. of William Law- 
mace, Esq., 1 1 Sept. 

Stebbivs, Mb. Alfbed, principal of the 
High Scbool, Northampton, 27 Npv., to 
MtsB Emilt, eldest dau. of Mr. Charles 
Wheelock, formerly of New York, at 
Roaedale, N. Y. 

Stosb, John O., M. D., of New York, 2 
Dec, to Miss Cathaeine, dan. of the 
late P. T. Jackson, Esq., of Boston. 

TutNBB, Mb. F. a., Boston, 2C Oct, to 
Miss Ellen H. Fbothingham. 

Vpbam, Db. Jabbz B.. ^ston, 31 Oct., to 
Miss Cathaeine Choate, dau. Hon. 
Joseph Bell. 

Wemtwobth, Mb. Stephen, Milton, 19 
Nov., to Miss Susanna Adams. 

Winthbof, Wm., Esq., U. S. Consul in 
Malta, 7 Sept., to Emma, dau. of the late 
Sir William Curtis, Bart 

TouNO, Mb. Calvin S.,of West Scituate, 
Oct, to Miss Mobgiana A.,dau. of Mr. 
Thomai Bancroft of Boston. 



DEATHS 

AoAMB, Mas. Mabtha, Boston, 23 Dec. 
wife of Rev. Nebemiah Adams, D. D. 

Albbb, Mb. Simeon, Milford, 8 Oct, s. 
88. He was a drummer in the Revolu- 
tionary Army. 

Babbbtt, Mas. Esthrb, Brookline, N. H., 
15 Sept, in her 100th year. 

Babtlbtt, Db. Ezba, Haverhill, N. H.. 
6 Dec., SB. 78, the last surviving child of 
Bon. Joaiab Bartlett, one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence. 

BamxLBTT, Mb. Moses, Northampton, 26 
Nov. m. 87. 

Babtlbtt, Mb. Geobgb, Rozbury, 25 
Dec, SB. 82. 

BioBLow, Abijab, Esq., Michigan City, 
lod., 28 Oct. c. 02, a soldier of the Rev- 
olataoOy t native of Waltbam. 



Bi r84,*kf«.8. Sabab, widow, Springfield, 21 
OtHjM. 89. 

Bbecb, EifWABD, Esq., China, Me., (fori 
merly orMedfiirld) 23 Sept., m. 58. 

Bbidob, Mar'SA^fvEL, of Dorchester, at 
Newport, R.l< 8 Oct, ae. 68. 

Btiel, Mrs. Nancy, widow, Schaghti- 
cook, N. Y., formerly of M<^ford, st. 74. 

BiiBBECE, Genebal AE7^R^,'^ew Lon- 
don, 2 October, ae. 94. Ife "<vW*born in 
Boston, June 8th, 1754. iMuUth of. the 
early part of his life was spent in<S^Btle 
William, now Fort Independence?, •jii 
Boston harbor, bis father bein^ an officer ; 
of the ordnance department in the ser^* 
vice of Great Britain. He had just at- 
tained his majority when the war of 
Independence broke out His father 
promptly took part with the popular 
cause and entered into the service of the 
country. He also joined the American 
army; and his first commission, as a 
lieutenant in a company of which his 
father had command, is dated at Cam- 
bridge, 19th of May, 1775, and signed by 
Gen. Joseph Warren. This commission 
ranks among the earliest in the Ameri- 
can service. He received the commis- 
sion of a captain in a regiment of artil- 
lery of the Massachusetts line, 12th 
September, 1777, and continued in that 
regiment and line till the close of the 
war. 

In the toils and sufierings of the Rev- 
olution General Burbeck bore a full 
share. In 1775 he was with the army at 
Cambridge. Mass.; in 1776 he was em- 
ployed in the vicinity of New Yoik, till 
the evacuation of the city in September, 
and in 1777 he joined the army in Penn- 
sylvania under General Washington, and 
participated in the bloody conflicts of 
Brandywine and Germantown, and in 
the terrible deprivations and sufTerings 
of the winter at Valley Forge. The fol- 
lowing vear he shared the perils of the 
memorable retreat through New Jersey, 
and was present at the battle of Mon- 
mouth. He continued in active service 
until the close of the war in 1783, and 
when the army was disbanded, he re- 
turned to private life with the brevet . 
rank of major. 

Three years subsequently he again 
entered the service of nis country, with 
the rank of captain, and was for several 
years actively engaged in the Indian 
wars along the Western frontier, under 
General Anthony Wayne. His death 
has lefl Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer 
the only surviving officer of Wayne's 
anny. Four years he held the command 
of Fort Mackinaw, then a solitary post 
almost entirely cut off from communica- 
tion with the civilized world. In the 
war with Great Britain, which com- 
menced in 1812, he commanded at New 



102 



Marricign '4H(ii ■ J>«atJU. 



[Ji 



York, Ntwport, New London %nA,C?to«n- 
buth, with the rank of briga41c>jEOierel; 
and on the declaration oCjSeyce in 1815, 
retired from public w^^<SmJfi spend the 
evening of bia daya in tbe-tranquilUty of 
domestic lifej hailnfjf^nt 38 yeara al- 
most incessaiUly io'tfctive military ser-. 
vice. It^wju aV.that time that he fixed 
hb abodls^jiLtbils' city, of which he con- 
tiniied««ri\li<fent till his death. 
, G«i|p*-Burbeck was one of the original 

, nfesnbers of the society of Cincinnati, 
/ *.aad was the last survivor of those whose 

' • Wmes were first subscribed to the arti- 
'cles of association. At the time of bis 
decease he was president of the Cincin- 
nati of Massacnusetts.— 2V^i0 London 
Ckronide. 

He retained his faculties in a wonder- 
ful degree. In an interview with him a 
few months before his death, we found 
him reading a newspaper with apparent 
ease. His recollections of Boston before 
the Revolution, as then related, were 
ezceedingl]f interesting. He located 
with seeming accuracy the houses all 
along what is now Tremont street, gave 
the names of their occupants, &c. 

Cakpintsk, Ma. Joma. N.,at Montpelier, 
Vt., 19 Oct. 

Champion, Mr. Riubbn, Lyme, Ct., 10 
Dec, e. 92, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Claoctt, Miss Emma, at Roxbury, £K) 
Oct., dau. of the late Hon. Cllftoa Clag- 
ett of Amherst, N. H. 

Clbvbland, 6. W., Esq., of Salem, at 
Pontotoe, Miss , 20 Sept., of congestion 
of brain. H. C. 1832. 

Claek, Mas. Bbtbt, Plymouth, 22 Sept., 
m. 92. 

Claekb, Mrs. Esthkr, Salem, 25 Sept., 
«. 90, widow of the late Rev. John 
Clarke, D. D., of Boaton. 

CopriR, C. Parxbr, Boston, 25 Oct., as. 
15 mos., son of N. W. Coffin, Esq., of B. 

Collins, Mr. Joskph, GRrdiner, Me., 6 
Dec., m. 89, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Codk, Mr. Syltanus, Windham, Me., 22 
Nov., m. 74, formerly of Kingston, Ms. 

Dban, Mrs. Abioail, Wobum, 13 Sept, 
a. 67. 

Dbarborn, Mrs. Mart, North Hampton, 
N. H., 7 Nov., SB. 68, wife of Mr. Simeon 
Dearborn. 

Dickinson, Mr. Samubl N., at his resi- 
dence in Roxbury, 16 Dec, of consump- 
tion. Mr. Dickinson is probably known 
•s widely as the tjrpographic art in this 
countij. He was a man of remarkable 
order, fine taste, great energy, Rnd under 
his hands arose one of the best arranged 
job and book printing establishments in 
the land. At a recent period he added 
to his business of printing that of type 
founding and stereotyping. It was his 
untiring application to business that 
nlanted the disease of which he died. 
He gave himself no respite, not from a 



passion for amassing, bat fkom a DRUm 
impulse to do every thins well. Ht mad 
himself useful, enjoyed the high aatiafike 
tion of honoring a noble art, and wil 
long be remembered. His Almanac, tbi 
favorite year-book of Boston, waa editec 
to the last by himselfl He indeed tool 
special pains with the last number, inc 
had just finished it, with all his aecU' 
tomed accuracy, when he died. Hia afi 
was 47 vears. — Cknmolupi, 

Dodge, Mr. Abraham, Newburyport, IS 
Oct, m, 85, a Revolutionary pensiooer. 

DuRoiN, Lieut. John, Sanbornton, N. H. 
24 Oct, SB. 92, a Revolutionarj pen- 
sioner. 

Eddy, Mrs. Abbt A., E. M^ddleboro*. 36 
Oct., e. 55, wife of Nathaniel Eddy, Esq 

Felt, Capt. John, New Orleanai 8 StpL 
SB. 34, a native of Boston. 

Foster, John, Esq., S. Scituate, 16 Sept 

86.80. 

Fuller, Mart Ann, Boston, 17 Not., m. 
40, dau. of the late Seth Fuller. 

Gat, Rev. Samvel, Hubbardston, 16 
Oet., suddenly, m. 03. H. C. claaa oj 
1805. 

Hale, Hon. William, Dover, N. H-, fl 
Nov., e. 84, formeriy M. C. 

Hancoor, Allbn, Esq., Dudley, 11 Oct, 
as. d4. 

Hartwell, Mr. Gborob H., of CiaetB- 
nati, O., at Albany, N. Y., suddenly. 9 
Sept., 88. 39, a native of New England. 

Hbrricr, Mr. John, Brighton, 21 Oct,c. 
39, son of the late John H. 

Hewitt, Mr. Thomas. Taunton, 25 Oet, 
ae. 92, a soldier of the Ri-volution. 

HoLLis, Mrs. Pamela, in Charleetown, 
20 Oct., e. 76. 

Hollister, Mr. Joseph, Salisbury, Ct, 
30 Sept, 9. 96, a soldier of the RotoIu- 
tion. 

Hooper, Mbs. Ellen, wife of Dr. R W. 
Hooper of Boston, and dau. of Wm. Stur- 
gis, 3 Nov. 

In OR ah AM, Joseph, Esq., East Thomas- 
ton, Me., 23 Oct, m. 90. 

Jordan, Mrs. Hannah, widow, Monroe, 
Me., 27 Sept., e. 90. 

Lawrence, William, Esq., Boston, 15 
Oct, m. 65, brother of Hon. Abbot Law- 
rence. 

Le Mercier, Mrs. Mart Sigoushrt, 
Boston, 5 Dec , «. 90, widow of the late 
Pierre Le M. of St Malo, France. 

Lurt, Mrs. Emilt Ashton, at the rati- 
dence of Mr. J. L. Tucker of W. Gam- 
bridge, 19 Nov., m. 23, wife of Hon. Geo. 
Lunt of Boston. 

Ltman, Deacon Solomon, Easthainp- 
ton, 15 Oct., e. 85. 

Macr, Mrs. Harriet E^ Salem, wife of 
Elisha M., Esq., 21 Nov., m. 56, last aur> 
viving child of the late Rev. John Claite, 
D. D., of the firat church in Boston. 
Mallard, Mr. Thomas, Wsrwiek^ 90 
Sept., «. 8S, a soldier of the Revolution. 



1849.] 



Marriaget and JDeatht, 



108 



Masou, Hov. jBBsaiAH, Boston, 14 Oct^ 
•. 80, ibnnerly of Portimouth, N. H. 

Matssw, If Bt. Roam A, at Edgarton, 15 
Ifov^ m. 53. 

lliTBHw, Mbb. Mabt Maodalbh, Ed- 

efton, 22 Sept, e. 79, widow of Mr. 
atthew Mayhew. 

IIatbbw, Mbs. Pabnxll, Edgarton, 26 
Oct, m. 23, widow of the late Deacon 
Win* M. 

MiABS, Capt. Thomas, Etna, Me., 9 
Oct., e. 94 yrs. 3 mos., a soldier of the 
Revolution, and also of the last war with 
Great Britain. 

Mohbob, Mbs. Rutm L., Charlestown, 21 
Dec, K. 35, wife of Mr. George M., dau. 
of Mr. Bickford Pulsifer of Ipswich, and 
lister of Mr. David Pulsifer of Boston. 

Otis, Hon. Habbibor Gbat, Boston, 28 
Oct., ». 84. He was son of Samuel Al- 
Irne Otis of Barnstable, by Elizabeth, 
dau. of Hon. Harrison Gray, and the 6th 
io descent from the first American pro- 

ritor. See Ofneaio/^ical JUgitter^ Vol. 
p. 292, &c. Mr. Otis was an early 
member of the N. £. Hist Gen. Soc, and 
one of its considerable bene&ctors. 

PiBBBB, Mas. £dith, Jaffrey, N. H., 26 
Oct.c 96 yrs. 9 mos, widow of the 
late Hon. Abel Pat ker. 

Patch, Capt. Josxpb, Hamilton, 17 Oct., 
B. 86, a soldier of the Revolation. 

Patsom, Mbs. Aim Louisa, Williamston, 
17 Nov., c 64,widow of the late Edward 
Fayson, D. D. of Portland, at the resi- 
dence of her son-in-law. Prof Hopkins. 

PsBsiNS, Mbs. Luct, Kennebunkport, 23 
Sept., m. 89 yrs. 9 mos. 

Pbblps, Abbl, Esq., Watertown, 27 Sept., 
e.47. 

Pbtlbbicx, Mbs. Rutb, widow, Epsom, 
N. R, 22 Oct., SB. 92. 

PiBBCB, JOSMUA V., BoStOfe, 10 DoC, ». 

39, consumption. 
Plaistbd, Mb. Rogbb, Buxton, Me., 9 

Oct, K. 94, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
PooB, Db. Sylyamus, Andover, Me., 1 

Nov., K. 80. 
Pbiucb, JoHir, Esq., Salem, 22 Sept, a. 

66, eldest son of the late Dr. Prince, and 

a grad. H. C 1800. 
PvTBAM, Rbv. Isbabl A., N. Danvers,31 

Oct, m. 27, son of Hon. Elias Putnam. 
RoexBS, Mb. W. E. P., Haverhill, 16 Nov., 

Ibrmerly editor of the Gazette of that 

town. 
8ti:.sBBB, Fbarcis H., Esq., Salem, ». 37, 

a graduate of H. C. in the class of 1831. 
8fMo?iDS, Mbs. Maby B., Boston, wife of 

Artemas S., Esq., e. 54. 
Shitm, Mbs. Lucy, Ipswich, 6 Oct., e. 

94, relict of the late Aaron Smith. 
^ Smith, Mb. Natbar, Waltham,8 Oct.SB. 

91, the oldest male inhabitant of that 

town. 
SvBLLiHO, Mb. Wm. J., late editor of the 

Boston Herald, suddenly, at his residence 



in Chelsea, 24 Dec, ». 44. He was son 

of the late C!oI. S., a distinguished officer 
in the last war with England. The de- 
ceased was auihor of several works, poe- 
try as well as prose. His " Truth " will 
live as long as the " Dunciad," compared 
to which the latter is a tame peiform- 
aoce. Thus much must be said of it, 
but of the truth of "" Truth" we have 
nothing at this time to say. His "* Tales 
of the North West" contain the best 
descriptions of Indian life any where to 
be found. Mr. S. commenced writing in 
1828, and from that time his pen oas 
been constantly employed, chiefly for the 
newspapers. 

Within four hours after the death of 
Mr. Snelling, his fiither-in-law, Mr. Si- 
mon Jordan, (with whom Mr. S. lived,) 
fell from his chair and suddenly expired 
also. 

Stbabns, Mbs. Abioail, North Andover, 
16 Sept., s. ^. 

Stonb,Mb. Chablks, Cincinnati, 31 Oct., 
». 92, a native of Stockbridge. 

Stborg, H. Wbioht, Esq., Troy, N. T., 
7 Oct, s. 80, formerly of Amherst 

Tabbb, Mbs. Mabtha, Newport, R. I., 17 
Sept., in her 105th year. 

TKBo-BA-owA-MB-OBif, B distinguished 
Indian chie^ (usually called ThomoM 
Wittiamt,) 16 Sept, in his 90th year. 
The Montreal papers contain the loflow- 
ing obituary, near which place (Cah- 
no-wa-ga, C. E.j he resided : 

** He was a distinguished chief of the 
Iroquois nation, and descended from the 
Rev. John Williams of Deerfield, Mass., 
who, with his femily and parishioners, 
were taken captives at the sackinc of his 
native town, by the French and Indians, 
in the year 1704. The deceased was an 
active |>articipant in the scenes -of the 
Revolution, espousing the cause of the 
British at Bennington and Saratop. 
During the war of 1812, by special in- 
vitation of the United States covern- 
ment, he placed himself under the pro- 
tection of Its flsg,and was present at the 
battle of Plattsburgh. He nad for many 
years maintained the tenets of the Chris- 
tian faith, and 'died as be had lived, res- 
pected and beloved by his people, and in 
the full hope of a blissful immortality.*' 
— JBot/ofi DaUy Journal, of 17 Oct,, 184a 

Tylkb, Rbv.Eowabd R.f'New Haven, 28 
Sept., «. 46. Mr. Tyler was the able 
conductor of the New Enclander. 

Whitibo, Mb. Oliveb J., New Orleans, 
12 Nov., e. 31, formerly of Chariestown. 

WiLLABD, Samukl Sheavb, Cambridge, 
18 Oct., e. 67, son of the late President 
Willard. 

Wilson, Mbs. Maby S., Keene, N. H., 5 
Oct, ae. dO, wife of Hon. James Wilson. 

YouHO, Mb. Jambs, Fayette, Me., 27 
Sept., m. y), a Revolutionary pensioner. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY FOR THE YEAR 1849. 

Chablks Ewer, Esq., President. 
Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., Vice President. 
Samuel G. Drake, A. M., Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. Samuel H. Reddel, Recording Secretary. 
William H. Montague, Treasurer. 



DONATIONS TO THE SOCIETY. 

Since the issue of our last number of the Register, (in October lost,) manj 
valuable manuscript communications have been received, all, or nearly all, 
suitable for the pages of the work ; which when used, will be accompanied 
by the names of the contributors. The names of those who have contrib- 
uted printed works, &,q^ for the Library of the Society, are a3 follows : 

Frederick S. Pease, Esq., Albaay, N. Y., 

Rev. William Htde, Brookfield, 

Prof. Edward North, Clinton, N. Y., 

Hon. Edward Everett, Cambridge, 

J. WiNGATE Thornton, Esq., Roxbury and Boston, 

Caleb Bates, Esq., Hingham, 

William H. Montague, Esq., Boston, 

E. G. Ware, « 

Horatio Hammond, << 

William Alltne, " 

Col. Samuel Andrews, " 

William F. Stone, Esq., E. Cambridge, 

James Odiorne, Esq., Boston, 

James B. Thornton, Esq., Saco, Me., 

John Marsh, Esq., Quincy. 

Regular meetings of the Society, the first Wednesday in every month, 
during the winter at 7 in the evening; during the summer, 31 P. M. 
Booms of the Society No. 8 Massachusetts Block, Court Square. 



Valuable additional information has been received for the Breok 
genealogy, but it will for the prcseot be deferred in tlie hope of receiving 
other facts in the early generations of it. 



The present number has been delayed a few days in consequence of 
not receiving the portrait which accompanies it ; more time having been 
required to do it justice than the engraver at first anticipated. This our 
subscribers will cheerfully bear with, we doubt not, being assured that the 
artist has given a better finish to his work than he was under obligation to 
do. 



Mr. Ward desires it to be understood that he has discontinued his 
list of Hingham Settlers, in consequence of information that a new edition 
of the history of that ton^ is in preparatioo, and will embrace his design. 



KEW ENGLAND 
i>BIOAL AND GKNEALOCir 



;i)-ll where hulshon conlinued forri] 
mar Sihool He died on SnTUrdsj m 

Um]i Aug. 33.) 170S, "sfter he had been n t. ^ ._ . 

bmwnif jcui; md had (he lingular feror oF HesveB, that, though ti* 

7 





%,,, 




NEW ENGLAND 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



VOL IIL APRIL, 1849. NO. II. 



MEMOIR OF REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN, D. D. 

Benjamin Colman, the second son of William and Elizabeth 
Colman, was born in Boston, Oct. 19, 1673. His father, " who 
came from London not long before,''4K ^^ l[ie squ Qf Matthew and 
Grace Colmani of Satterly, near Beccies, in the County of Suffolk, 
lod was baptized there Aug. 31, 1643. 

The subject of this notice is said to have been <' of a tender con* 
stitution from his birth, and very backward in his speech and read- 
ing 'till be arrived to the age of five years, when at once he grew 
Ibrward in both, and entred young and small into the Grammar 
School under the tuition of the venerable and learned Mr. Ezekiel 
Cheever.**f Although but seven years of age when he became 

* Perhapt he and hii wife, Elisabeth, may be the pervons whoee names are giTen as 

' Cooleman ** and ** Eliza Coleman,** in ** A List of the Namei of the Passengers on 

bosrd the Ship Arabella, Richard Sprfifrue Master, for New England, May >-« 27th, 1671/' 
tikich 19 printed in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register,!!. 407. The 
fm notice, with which we have as yet met of William and Elizabeth Colman, in Boston, 
ii the record of the birth of their danghter Mary, I>ec 3, 1C71. 

t It is not oar intention, even had we the ability, to gife, at this time, a biographica! 
iketcfa of the renowned ** Corderius American us,** whose praises have come down to our 
4mj, *^ He was bom,** says Cotton Mather, " in X^ondon, many years before the birth of 
Kew England. It was Jan. 25, 1614 [i. o. 1614-15.] He arrived into this country ia 
Jane. 1637, with the rest of those good men, who sought a peaceable secession in an Amer- 
ican wilderness, for the pare, evangelical, and instituted worship of our great Redeemer, to- 
which he kept a strict aaherence aU his days. He then sojourned iirKt, a little while, part 
of A year, at Boston ; so that at Boston he both commenced and concluded his American- 
nttr He accompanied Eaton to New Haren, and his name stands prominent among the 
one hondred and eleven who subscribed the ** Plantation Covenant,** June 4, 1639. Here 
"he began the laborioas work of a School-master,** occasionally, too, offi<'iating as a- 
Pireacher. and devoting some portion of his time to the public service. And here ** be 
(ontinned for twelve years,** and then removed to Ipswich, Mass., where he taoght the 
" Grammar School ** from Dee. 30, 1650, to November, 1660, and then removed to Charlea- 
lown, " where he labored nine years. From Charlestnwn he came over to Boston, Jan. 6, 
1670. [i. e 1670-1] where his labors continued for eight and thirty years,** as Master of the 
Public Grammar School. He died on Saturday morning, Aug. 21, (Dorchester Church 
Records say Ang. 23,) 1708, "after he had been a skilful, psinful, faithful School-master 
for seventy yean; and had the singular favor of Heaven, that, though he had usefully 

7 



106 Memoir qf [-^pnlf 

connected with "the Grammar School," "his sprightly genius and 
advances in learning were soon with pleasure observed by bis Pre- 
ceptor," and "fired with a laudable ambition of excelling at his 
book, and a fear of being out-done, he always, by his industry at 
home, kept foremost, or equal to the best of the Form at schooL" 

Although he met with a severe loss in the death of his intimate 
companion and only rival, Prout, inasmuch as he was thereby left 
" without a spur to daily care and labor," yet still young Colman 
made such progress in his studies that he was qualified for admiseion 
to Harvard College in the year 1688. Remarkable for his serious 
deportment, even in childhood, " after his admission into Collegei" 
says his biographer, " he grew in piety and learning, and in favor 
with God and man." He became a member of the Second Church 
in Boston, at that time under the pastoral care of Increase and Cot- 
ton Mather. As a student he disgraced not his former masteri in 
whose praise it has been said, " it was noted, that when scholan 
came to be admitted into the College, they who came from the 
Cheeverian education were generally the most unexceptionabW 
Performing " all his exercises to good acceptance, many of them 
had the applauses of his learned Tutor, Mr. John Leverett«^ He 
was much animated to the study of the liberal sciencesi and to 
make the utmost improvement in them, from the shining examjde 

gpent his life among children, yet he was not become twice a child, bat held hb abilitiei, 
with his uspfalness, in an untunal degree, to the very last 

Bl8 work he IotM : had we done the Mine ! 
Our play-days still to him ungrateAil came. 
And yet, so well our work adjusted lay, 
IVe came to work as if we came to play. 

Our lads had heen, but for his woDdYons canf, 

Boys of my Lady More't unquiet pray'rs. 

Bare, were It not for such Informing schools/ 

Onr Lafran too would soon be flll'd with owlii. 

Tls Co*lei''$ pains, and Cheev«r\ we most own, 

That thou, New-llngland. art not Scvthia grown. 

The Isles of Silly had o*er run this day 

The Continent of our America." 

* Afterwards, for sixteen years. President of the Institution at which he was now pei^ 
forming the duties of a Tutor. He was the son of Hudson Lererett, grandson of Gor- 
omor John Levcrett, and great-grandson of Elder Thomas Lererett, and was bom in Bos- 
ton, Aug. 25, 1662. Havmg received his early education at the Public Grammar Scliool, 
mostly under the instruction of Ezekiel CheeTer, he proceeded Bachelor of Arts at Hit^ 
rard i[?ollcge in 1680, and Master in due course, received the Decree of Bachelor of The- 
ology in 1692, and was a Tutor and Fellow of the Institution. He was chosoi a member 
of the House of Representatives, and then Speaker of that body. He was a member of 
his Majesty's Counnl for the Province, and sustained the offices of a Justice of the Sape- 
rior Court and Judge of Probate. Hanng been chosen to succeed Vice-President Willm 
as the head of the "* School of the Prophets,** he was inducted into office, Jan. 14, 1707-8, 
in which station ho continued, ** a pillar both of the Church and State, an honor and om- 
ment to society, and the glorjr of ^ew England,'* until his sudden death. May 3, 1714. He 
vras one of the very few on this side of the Atlantic who have become Fellows of the Boyel 
Society of England. 



1849.] Bev. Benjamin Colman^ D. JD. 107 

of the excellent Pemberlon,* who was a year before him in stand- 
ing." 

Receiving the Degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1692, Colman, "be- 
ing devoted to the work of the evangelical ministry by his Parents, 
and inclining to it from his childhood," immediately entered upon 
ihe study of Divinity, and began to preach, "first privately and then 
publicly," the next year. For several months he was engaged in 
preaching at Medford, where there was no settled Minister, and the 
inhabitants of the Town seem to have been very desirous to have 
xetained him as their Pastor. But, for some reason or other, Col- 
inan did not see fit to accept their invitations to a settlement, and 
retained to Cambridge, where he remained, pursuing his studies, 
until he received his Second Degree, that of Master of Arts, in 
1695 ;t on which occasion he pronounced the usual Oration, 
" when," says his biographer, " his thin and slender appearance, his 
soft and delicate voice, and the red spots in his checks, caused the 
audience in general to conclude him bordering on a Consumption, 
and to be designed but for a few weeks of life." 

About this time young Colman was sent, at the expense of the 
Second Church in Boston, to Newport, R. I., to preach one Sab- 
bath. He succeeded in accomplishing the object of his mission, 
notwithstanding the manceuvres of some of the inhabitants, and was 
much praised, on his return to Boston, for the prudence which he 
had displayed on this occasion. 

* Ebeneier Pemberton, the ton of James Pcmberton, one of the founders of the Old 
Sooth Chareh, was bapdaEcd Feb. U, 1671 ; graduated at Ilarvard College in 1691, wlicre 
be was afterwards a Taror; was ordained colleague with Rev. Samuel Willard, Pastor of 
the Old Soathf Aug. 28, 1700; preached his last sermon, Jan. 20, 1716-17; died Feb. 13, 
1716-17, and was buried, on the 18th of the snme month, ''between 4 and 5, in Mr. Wil- 
Isd's tomb.*' ** He was," says a cotemporary, "of a strong genius, extensive learning, a 
preacher of raised thoughts, and a masculine style, of flaming zeal in the cause of God and 
retifrion, violent in his passions, and as soft as you would wish for out of them, a good 
Chnatian, and a faitfafiii pastor.'* Colman, in one and the same discourse, paid a deserved 
irifaate to the memory of his old friend, as well as to that of Rev. William Brattle, of Cam- 
brid^, wlio died two days after Pemberton, Feb. 15, 171G-17, aged 55 years, "respected 
■8 a ouuif a scholar, and a Divine." 

t We have been unable to find the " Order of Performances" for this Commencement, 
bat hen give a copr of the 

"Qd^stiohbs Qhos pro modulo Discutiendas Sub Clarissimo ViRO, I). Csesceh- 
no Hathbro, Acodemiic HARVARDiXi«, quic est Cantabrigkv Nov-Anglonim, Prak- 
Mm Litetatiasimo; Die Comitiorum Proponnnt Inceptores in Artibub. Die Ttrtio 
J^kdOiM [L e. July 8,] MDCXC V. 

AM Iktmr in wm'Rautiig Libemm JiHfUrium ad bonitm Spuilwde f 
Negat Respondens BBVJAMiir Colvan. 

Jk^ Otia FSda, quatmiu appnktndit ChrUti Merita. H 11U» inxi/i^Hr, Juitijicet f 
AArroat Respondens Ebenbzer Whxtb. 

Jkt Omt a CE Naiwtt Lwimu SahUtm potnni Connqui? 
Negat Respondens Johannes Mors. 

jtM BmHftx Bonmmi tU Itte Antichrittuif Q^anfuturum ScrijAura prmdixit f 
Affirmat Respondens Caleb Cubhixo." 



108 Memoir qf [Apri!, 

^< Having a strong desire to see Englandi and make improvement 
by what he coald see and learn there," Colman, in less than three 
weeks after he had proceeded Master of Arts, embarked for Lon- 
don, in the Ship Swan, Captain Thomas GKlbert, Master. A war 
at this time raged between England and France ; and before they 
had been two months at sea, the Swan was chased by a French 
Privateer, of superior force, and after a shot conflict, during which 
she was reduced to a wreck, was obliged to surrender. When the 
boats of the enemy approached the captured vessel, Colman had in 
his hands a piece of gold, of the value of nineteen pounds. Thii 
was seen by " an ingenious French Gentlewoman," named Madam 
Allaire, who, with her four children, to whom Colman had endeared 
himself during the voyage, was on her way to join her husband at 
London. She requested him '^ to let her save it for him," to which 
he consented. The prisoners being transferred to the deck of the 
Privateer, were there gtripped of everything, even to their last gar- 
ment, and were then covered with a few rags, and thrust into the 
hold. Arrived at Nantz, they were there committed to prison. Here 
Madam Allaire^ sent to Colman his gold, and his first care, upon 
the receipt thereof, was to clothe himself '* from head to foot," at an 
expense of about three pounds and ten shillings. After various ad- 
ventures Colman was at length set at liberty, and succeeded in 
reaching Portsmouth, with but a few shillings in his pocket, of 
which he was soon relieved by " a young spark from New York," 
whom he imprudently assisted with money, on a promise of being 
repaid by " a rich uncle he had, half way to London." But upon 
arriving at the house of this " rich uncle," <' no credit would he give 
to this his nephew; he knew him too well, he said;" and notwith- 
standing Colman's representations that he had <' saved him from 
the expences of Portsmouth," he was obliged to remain satisfied 
with a night's lodging, a loan of twenty shillings, and a horse and 
guide to London the next morning. 

Arrived in London without money, without friends, and. having 
lost all his letters of introduction, his first night in the vast metrop- 

• " May 12, 1734, thii Gentlewoman paid a visit to Boston, from St Christopher'a, and 
was received by Mr. Colman wiih a surprising joy, after so melancholy a parting thirty- 
eight years before; and after matual expressions of the most sincere joy, she gave him a 
lai^ and particular account of her sufferings in France, and deliverance from them, after 
a wonderful trial of constancy and experience of Divine support and assistance io tioMa 
of need, till she arrived safely in Holland, which Mr. Colman penned down, and IcA 
among his papers ; — a most entertaining historv." Colman continued to correspond with 
his former benefactress until his death; after which there was found in his Study a letter 
•from her, dated at London, May, 1747, *' wrote with her own hand, in the Flrcnch toagve^" 
.lUthoogh she was then upwards of eighty years of age. 



1849.] Hev. Benjamin Colmm^ 2>. 2>. 109 

olis conid not have been otherwise than, as his biographer tells us, 
** melancholy.'' " With difficulty he found out the house of a rev- 
erend Minister, but he could not be seen ; it grew dark, and he 
prayed Madam to direct him to some sober house where he might 
lodge that night.'' The next morning he succeeded in finding Mr. 
Ives, upon whom his brother, John Colman,^ *' a young man and 
beginning the world," had given him a bill of exchange for thirty 
poands Sterling; and by him w*as kindly received. Mrs. Ives found 
him good lodgings, and also a nurse to attend him during a dan- 
gerous fever, with which he was soon visited. " Dr. Moreton vis- 
ited him, and God healed him," writes his biographer. The Rev. 
Mr. Quick, of London, " a very affectionate gentleman," with whom 
he had become acquainted, visited him frequently during his illness. 
** Before he got abroad he was surprised with an invitation from 
Mr. and Madam Parkhurst, in Cheapside, to accept of half a year's 
board at their house. This happy lodging at one of the most 
known and frequented booksellers among the Dissenters, brought 
him soon into an acquaintance with the City Ministers, which was 
a singular advantage and pleasure." 

" The family attended the ministry of the reverend and learned 
Mr. How,t and Mr. Colman with them." This circumstance in- 
troduced Colman to Mr. How's pulpit ; where his performance was 
so satisfactory, that Mr. How proposed to him to go over to Rotter- 
dam, in Holland, at the expense of his Church, to preach as candi- 
date for the situation of colleague with '* the reverend, aged, and 
learned Mr. Joseph Hill,"} whose kinsman and former assistant in 
the ministry, the Rev. Mr. Spademan, had recently received and 
accepted an invitation from Mr. How's Church to be his assistant 
and successor in the pastoral office. Colman expressed his satis- 
faction with the offer, and accepted Mr. How's invitation ; but Mr. 
Hill himself calling upon him not long after, and expressing his 
great unwillingness to part with Mr. Spademan, and his sense of 
iojury at Mr. How's proceedings, Colman promised not to go to 
Rotterdam without his consent. This delicate consideration for 
Mr. Hill's feelings, although it gave offence to Mr. How, and caused 

* Colman*! elder brother, bom, doubtless, in England, as we find no record of his birth 

H JSOSiOll. 

t IVobahW Iter. John Howe, i^ Nonconrorml^t Divine, bom at Louf^hhorongh, in the 
CoanXj of Leioester, m 1630. He was ejected from his ministry at Torrington, Devon- 
lUre, in 1669. He fobseqaentlr settled m London, where he died in 1 705. 

X Ako one of the " Ejected Mfinisters.** He was bom at Leeds, in 1624, and educated at 
St John^is College, Cambridge, and Magdalen, of which he became a fellow. Going over 
to Holland at the Beetoration, he was, in 1667, Pastor of the English Charch at Ifiddle- 
hvf, and at Lm settled at Bottmlam, where he died in 1707. 



110 Memoir qf [Apnl, 



a temporary coolness on bis part towards the young Bostonian, 
tablished Colman's reputation for integrity and high moral principle. 
Scenes of new and varied interest were now continually opening 
to Colman. He heard Dr. Bates* make one of his finest speeches 
to King William, at Kensington, upon the discovery of the Aasas- 
sinalion Plot. Being invited to preach for Rev. Daniel WiUiams^f 
who had gone to Bath, " for the benefit of the waters," he thereby 
became acquainted with his colleague. Dr. Calamy, J who expressed 
his wish that they might " spend their lives in one Church." At 
Whitehall he conversed with Dr. Bray.§ He enjoyed the privilege 
of listening to the conference between How, Bates, Williams, 
Mather,|| and others, for the reconciliation of the Congregationalists 
and Presbyterians, and after the meeting had the pleasure of dining 
with these gentlemen. He saw Dr. Annesley,^ now drawing 
toward the end of his mortal pilgrimage ; and also Mr. Beverly, ^ a 
good man," who " had, in print, fixed on the year 1697 for the ac- 
complishment of all the great Expectanda, the fall of Antichrist, 
&c.," and who, " when his year came, and produced nothing extra- 
ordinary, did, in the most humble and public manner, confess bis 
error and presumption, asking pardon of God and his people." Sir 
Henry Ashurst, at this time Agent for the New England Colonies, 
took him to his country-seat, near Oxford. Here he became ac- 
quainted with Dr. Hall, Bishop of Bristol, '^ a venerable, humble, 
grave, Divine"; Dr. Hough,*'^!? Bishop of Oxford, and Master of 

* Rev. William Bates, D. D., another Ejected Minister, was educated at Emanuel and 
King's Colleges, Cambridge. lie died at Hackney, Middlesex County, where he had ipeat 
the last years of his life, in the year 1699, a^cd 73. 

t Afterwards Dr. Williams ; a native of Wrexham, in Denbighshire. He wae created 
D. Dn by the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, in 1709, and died Jan. S6, 1716| 
aged 72. 

X Edmand Calamy, the distinguished author of the History of the Injected liliniitess. 
He was bom April 5, 1671, and, after a life of honorable usefulness, died June 3, 1732. 

4 Rev. Thomas Bray, D. 1)., the best part of whose life was spent as a Commissair Ibr 
settling the afTuirs of the Church in the American Colonies ; in several parts of which he 
eitablished Libraries for the information and improvement of the missionaries employed 
In preaching the Gospel. In this work he sacrificed his whole fortune; and it is to his 
exertions that many of tlie Societies established in Ix)ndon for the propajxation of the Goa- 
pel, and the advancement of religions culture, owe their existence. He died Feb. 15, 1780, 
aged 73. 

II Rev. Nathaniel Mather, the son of our Richard Mather, (bom March 20, 1630,) waa at 
this time Pastor of a Congre^tional Chnrdi in London, where he died July 26, 1697. ased 
67. A Latin inscription upon his tombstone, in the bnr}'ing-gronnd near Bunhill Fieldf, 
from the pen of Dr. Watts, commemorates his genius, learning, piety, and miniaterial 
fidelitr. 

IT Hev. Samuel Annesley, LL. D., an Ejected Minister. He died Dec 31, 1696, aged 
77. 

** John Hough, celebrated for his opposition, when President of Magdalen Coll^, 
Oxford, to the arbitrary proceedings or James IL He was bom in 1650; and having 
held, snccessively, the sees of Oxford, Lichfield, and Worcester, and having once decliDc£ 
throngh modesty, the Primacy, which was offered to him at the death of Tcnison, he dM 
March S, 174S, in his 93d year. 



1849.] JSev. Bef^jmnm Oobnany D. D. Ill 

Magdalen College, ^ a bright and lofty gentleman, polite in dress 
and behavior'' ; and Dr. Oastrell^^c afterwards Bishop of Chester, 
who ^ did him the honor to shew him the several Colleges, and 
what was rare and curions in them." 

Colman was called from Oxfordshire by an invitation from the 
Pjresbyterian Board at London, to take charge of a small congrega- 
tion at Cambridge. Accepting the invitation, he foand his hearers 
few in nnmber, and ^' sadly tinged with Antinomian principles, and 
his texts were too legal for them." " They liked illiterate preach- 
ers," and whenever an opportunity occurred, would leave him to 
hear some noisy declaimer. ^' So he was ashamed of his post, and 
wrote earnestly to London to be released from it," and left at the 
end of twelve weeks. 

He soon received an invitation to " the great Town of Ipswich, 
in Soffolk," where he spent eleven weeks. Here he became ac- 
qaainted with "the venerable" Mr. Burkit,t of Dedham, where 
Cobnan preached " every other Lord's Day almost, and the people 
spake of calling him to be their Minister ; but there happened at 
this time to pass by an itinerant, powerful, illiterate preacher, who 
had been a taylor, and he * cut Mr. Colman out of the whole cloth,' 
and left him but three votes." 

Soon after his return to London, the Presbyterian Board appoint- 
ed him to succeed the Rev. Christopher Taylor, at Bath. This was 
regarded as a very advantageous and important situation, on ac- 
count of the annual resort of the gentry thither, to enjoy the ben- 
efit of the mineral waters. He was assured that " it was the best 
Btirmp in England, whereby to mount the best pulpits that might 
be vacant," and was promised that, <4f he would serve the Dissent- 
ing interest there a few years, they would get him settled at Lon- 
don." To Bath, then, he went, and there spent two years, " and 
found good acceptance with the people and with the strangers 
there. Before he had lived among them two months he became 
acquainted with more families of fashion in London than he had 
done by living there two years." 

It was at this time that he became acquainted with Miss Eliza- 

* Frandfl Gastrell, l>orn at Slapton, NorthamptonBhire, about 1(>62, and educated at 
Ckritt-Chiirdi, OxfM, as distinguished for his eloquence, as for his writinf^ in defence of 
the Christiaa religion. In, 171 1 he was Chaplain to Queen Anne, and in 1714 was raited 
tD the Bee of Chenter. He died Nov. 24, 1725, and was buried in Oxford Cathedral. 

t BflT. William Barkitt, probably, who was bom July 25, 1650, and educated at Cam- 
MIge; and, flnt as Curate of Milden, in Suffolk, and afterwards as Vicar of Dedham, In 
Sssex, is said to hare "adorned his office by a pious and practical elocution, and by a 
frltndly and charitable demeanar." 



112 Memoir qf [April, 

beth Singeri the daughter of Mr. Walter Singeri of Agford, near 
Frome, then celebrated under the name of " Philoroelai" and after- 
wards as Mrs. Bowe ;^ and the acquaintance soon ripened into the 
closest intimacy. Indeed, Mr. Singer seems to have wished and 
expected a still nearer relation than that of elevated friendship and 
esteem, between his daughter and the young Dissenter.f 

But Colman's visit in England was now drawing to a dose. 
The comparative liberality and moderation in religious views which 
had succeeded the accession of William and Mary to the throne of 
England, when Nonconformity was partially rescued from the op- 
probrium which had so long attached to it, had extended itself to 
New England, to Massachusetts, the head-quarters of Puritanism, 
the strong-hold of " the good old Scriptural ways." A few enlight- 
ened men in Boston and its vicinity, men distinguished alike for 
learning and piety, determined to establish a Church, constituted on 
principles deviating from those set forth in the " Platform of Church 
Discipline," and more in accordance with their own enlarged and 
catholic views. By a deed dated Jan. 10, 169S, '^ in consideration of 
the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds," and ^* for other good causes 
and considerations thereunto moving" him, Thomas BaxTTLEi^ eon- 

* This T^ad J was born at Ilchcster, Sept. 11,1 674, and early in life displayed a poetical 
geDiua. UniTersally respected and esteemed for her talents and virtues, she haa many 
suitors, among them the poet Prior. In 1710 she cave her hand to Mr. Thomas Rowe, a 
gentleman of literary attainments, with whom shclived happily until his death, which oe- 
carred, afUr a lingering illness, in May, 1715. After the death of her husband Mrs. Boipb 
lived in retirement, at Frome, devoting herself to literary pursuits. She ever carried on a 
eorrespondence with Mr. Colman. Her death took place on the 20th of February, 17S6-7. 
Colman thus records her character. " Siie was an Heavenly maid, of sublime devotioii 
and piety, as well as ingenuity and wit ; her wisdom and discretion outshone her knowi- 
tdfp. Sho was a poet, a philosopher, and a Divine ; and, above all, a most deyont wor- 
shipper of God, in secret and in public. Music, poetry, and painting were her three beau- 
ties and delights. She used her pencil almost as well as her pen. She never was idle, 
bat either her needle or her pencil was going in all conversations ; and what she drew she 
gave to the company." 

t Upon his first visit to Mr. Singer, in company with Rev. Timothy Rogers, after the 
beauties of the surrounding in^unds and the favorite bower and walks of his daughter had 
been pointed out by the fond and doting father, Colman was requested by Mr. Rogers *to 
make a compliment on the place"; and Mr. Singer joining in die request, be penned the 
following lines. 

** So P»ndlm wu brightened, so ^twM bkst, 
^Hicn iDDOcenre and B«Autr it poMcst. 
Such was it's more retired path and seat, 
For Ere and muidng Anfi^>Is a retroat. 
BnA. ]£deii*i streams, and hanks, and towering groves ; 
Snch Ere heraelf, and rarh her muse and lOTes. 
Only there wants an Adam on the green. 
Or else all Paradise might here be seen.-' 

I An opulent merchant, brother to Rev. William Brattle, of Cambridge. He was bom 
Sept 5, 1657, graduated, with two othert, at Harvard College in 1676, and was Treasurer 
of that Institution from 1688 till his death, May 18, 1713. He was distinguished aooqg 
bis cotemporaries for his intellectual powers and scientific atuinments ; " a ^reat onuh 
neut," writes Judge Sewall, ^ to our College, on account of his eminent Icanung, espee- 
lAlly in the mathematics." 



1849.] Rsv. Benjamin Colman, JD. 2>. 118 

veyed to twenty peisons,* associated with himself, a piece of land, 
in Boston, called Brattle's Close ; and upon this land did they 
lay the foundations of a bouse for Public Worship — completed in 
the autumn of the following year — now known as ^ The Church 
IN Brattle Square." 

The first care of the associates was to obtain a Pastor, and their 
eyes were al once turned to Benjamin Colman, their fellow towns- 
man, a graduate at the neighboring College, the chosen friend of 
Leverett, of Brattle, and of Pemberton, one whom many of them 
knew personally, and all by reputation. To him, then, did they 
send letters,! in the Summer of 1699, informing him " that they had 
chosen him to be their Minister, and urging him to make what haste 
he could to them." This invitation was '^ very acceptable and pleas- 
ing" to Colman, '' for his heart was always very much in his native 
country"; and he himself says of it, in his Church Records, ^Mhe 
more acceptable it was by reason of the kind and encouraging let- 
ters, which accompanied it, from my excellent friends, the Hon. 
Mr. John Leverett, the Rev. William Brattle, Ebenezer Pemberton, 
Simon Bradstrect,! and others." '^ I believe, Sir," writes Leverett, 
''you have as advantageous a prospect as any our country can 
offer. The Grentlemen engaged in that affair are able, vigorous, 
and sincere ; they are men of honor, and can't, in an ordinary way, 
£ul a reasonable expectation. The work they have begun had its 
rise from a zeal that is not common, and the progress of it is orderly 
and steady. I am heartily pleased," he adds, "with the motion 
they have made towards yourself, because I shall exceedingly re- 
joice at your return into your country. We want persons of your 
character. You will, I doubt not, let the name of your country 
have a weight in the balance of your consideration. The affair 

* ThomM Clark, John Mico, Thomas Bannister, Thomas Coofvcr, Bcniamin Walker, 
Beayamin DaTia, Timothy Clark, Stephen Minot, Wflliam Keen, Kichard Draper, Wil- 
liam Harrii, Abraham Bloth, Zechariah Tuihill, Thomas Palmer, John Colman, James 
Meers. Joseph Allen, Elkanah Pembroke, John Kilbv, and Addin^on Davenport. 

t Snbacribed bj Thomas Brattle, Benjamin Davu, John Mico,|Thomas Cooper, and 
John Colman, **in the name of the rest/' 

f A son of the Rev. Simon Bradstreet. of 19ew London, Conn., and pT<^ndson of Simon 
Bradsireet, Goremor of Mansachasetts. He graduated at Harvard College in 1693, and 
SMceeded Colman tX Medfoid, where, however, he did not remain long, bat removed to 
Chark-slown, where he was ordained, as successor to Rev. Charles Morton, Oct 26, 1698. 
After a ministry of more than fortv years, he died Dec. 31, 1741. He is represented aa 
JMiving been ** a moat learned manj*' and so accomplished a Greek scholar, that he was in- 
tradnced by Lientenan^Gove^lor Tailer to Governor Burnet with the words, " Here is a 
■aa who can wkiatU Greek." He was possessed of " strong mind, tenadons memory, 
fifdy ImaiEination. bnt subject to hypochondriac complaints, which made him afraid to 
preach in the pulpit some ycaia before he died. Governor liumet spoke of him as one of 
ibe iint litenry diaracten «id beit preachen he had met with m these American re- 



114 Mtmair iff [Apra, 

offered to you is great, and of great moment ; I pray Almighty God 
to be your director in it.^ 

" This waits on you with my desires and hopes,** writes Brattle,* 
^ that your circumstances will allow you to entertain and accept the 
invitation. The good respect the Boston Ministers have for yon 
(as well as others) should, methinks, encourage your embracing 
the motion now made to you. As for my own part, I shall account 
it a smile from Heaven upon the good design of these G^entlemeni 
if you can send them an answer of peace, and would hope that 
your so doing will result to your mutual rejoicing. May God di* 
rect you in the matter!" 

" With this you will receive a kind invitation," thus writes the 
ardent Pemberton, " to return to your own country, which you can* 
not but have a great tenderness for, and your affection will, I trust, 
constrain you to comply, and hope it will not be to your disadvan- 
tage. The Gentlemen who solicit your return are mostly known 
to you, men of repute and figure, from whom you may expect gen- 
erous treatment ; and among them I doubt not but you may be 
peculiarly serviceable to the Lord Jesus Christ, which is the highest 
of your ambition. I believe your return will be pleasing to all that 
know you ; I am sure it will be inexpressibly so to your unfeigned 
friend and servant." 

His friends, apprehending difficulty in obtaining ordination for 
him at home, in consequence of the prevailing prejudices against the 
new Church among the Clergy, had advised Colman to " ask ordi- 
nation at London." Accordingly, having taken leave of his people 
at Bath, by heading a subscription ^' to pay a debt of fifty poundsi 
which they yet owed for their Meeting-house," he repaired to Lon- 
don, where, " being arrived," to use his own language, " August 1, 
1699, I asked ordination of the Presbytery there, and on the 4lh 
day of said month the solemnity was attended, after a Public Lec- 
ture, at the Meeting-house of the Rev. Mr. Christopher Taylor, lo 
whom I succeeded at Bath. I was ordained by prayer, with the 
imposition of the hands of the Rev. Richard Stratton,t John Spade- 

* William Brattle, the son of Thomas Brattle, was born in Boston, in lS6t, and grado- 
ated at Harvard College in 1680, was a Tutor and Fellow of that Institution, and its 
Treasurer from 1713 to 1715. He and his classmate Leverctt were honored with the De- 
mes of Bachelor in Theology at the Commencement in 1692, at which time IncretM 
Mather, also, reccired the Degree of Doctor in Dirinitr, this beine the firet instance of 
either Degree heing conferred by the Corporation of Harrard ColTcge. Brattle was or* 
dained pastor of the Church at Cambridge, as sacocssor to Her. Nathaniel Gookin, Nor. 
S5, 1696, and died, after a ministry of twenty yean, Feb. 15, 1717. 

t " An aged and eminent Ptotor in the C^ty, much rererenced and honored for hia 
leamingi grayity, piety, and wisdom." 



1849.] Itev. Benjamm Oahnan, D. D. 115 

inaii,# Robert Fleming,t and Christopher Taylor. Mr. Stratton 
prayed, Mr. Spademan made the exhortation." " The Rev. and 
aged Mr. John Quick,'' the same of whom mention has been al- 
ready made, and who subsequently writes to Colman, " no one in 
England loves you more, or wishes you better," happened to be out 
of Town at this time, and was '^ highly displeased that he was not 
sent for out of the country, that he might have done him some more 
pmbKe honors at the ordination.^^ 

In London Colman again found a hospitable welcome at the 
house of Mr. Parkhurst. His- brother John, who, as we have al- 
ready seen, was one of the committee of the proprietors of the 
Church which invited his return to New England, having transmit- 
ted to him an unlimited order upon Sir James Eaton for such 
moneys as be should require, he drew twenty pounds, which he 
expended in the purchase of books. Having received ^^ ample tes- 
timonials of his good conversation while in England,"^ he em- 
barked at Gravesend, about the 20th of August, 16d9, and after a 
fortnight's delay in the Downs, and an eight weeks' voyage, arrived 
at Boston on the Ist of November, ^* where he was received by his 
relations, acquaintance, and the brethren who sent for him, with a 
great deal of love and joy unfeigned, after an absence of four years 
and three months." The next day the " Undertakers," as they style 
themselves, of the new Church presented him with fifty pounds, and 
soon after they kept a day of Thanksgiving, in private, for his safe 
arrival, Colman preaching on the occasion from 1 Chron. xxix. 13, 
14. 

Notwithstanding the general character and station in society of 
ihe ^ Undertakers" of the new Chnrch, some of them, indeed, being 
men in public office, their innovations upon the old established 
forms of Chnrch Grovernment and Public Worship exposed them 
to much jealousy and opposition on the part of the neighboring 
Churches, which still adhered to the " Platform " ; and they fonnd 
it necessary, " for preventing all misapprehensions and jealousies," 

* The Mme whoie luccewor Colman was invited to become at Rotterdam. He bad 
eooM orer to England, and was now settled in London. He was " a very jadidous and 
laarned man, and so was Mr. Taylor,** mentioned below, Colman's predecessor at Bath. 

t Son of Rev. Robert Fleming, an Ejected Minister, who was, for some yean before his 
telh, Minister of (he Scots' Conmcation at Rotterdam. This his son was educated at 
Leyden and Utrecht, and having been settled in the Ministry, successively, at Leyden and 
Amsterdam, removed, finally, to London, where he was at this time Pastor of a Scotch 
Chnrch, and was, snhseqneiitly, it is believed, ^Principal of one of the Colleges in Scot- 
hod.** 

tFron *'R«iT. Dr. Daniel Williams, John Quick, Matthew Sylvester, John Shower, 
Tmiotby Rogers, Edmnnd Calamy, Thomas Cotton, Isaac lilanditt, &c. &c.'* 



116 Memoir of [April, 

to make a formal exposilion of their views ^ to all the world," in a 
paper entitled *^ A Manifesto or Declaration, set forth by the Undei^ 
takers of the New Church now erected in Boston in New England, 
Nov. 17th, 1699." In this instrument, while they declare that they 
^* approve and subscribe the Confession of Faith put forth by the 
Assembly of Divines at Westminster"; that they ^design only the 
true and pure worship of God, according to the rules appearing 
plainly in his word"; they say that they "judge it, therefore, most 
suitable and convenient that, in Public Worship, some part of the 
Holy Scripture be read by the Minister, at his discretion." They 
declare, moreover, that it is their " sincere desire and intention to 
hold communion with the Churches here, as true Churches, and 
openly protest against all suspicion and jealousy to the contrary, as 
most injurious to" them ; "and although," say they, "in some dr- 
cumstanccs we may vary from many of them, yet we jointly profi 
to maintain such order and rules of discipline as may preserve, 
far as in us lies, evangelical purity and holiness in our communion. 
In pursuance whereof we further declare, that we allow of baptism 
to those only who profess their faith in Christ and obedience to him, 
and to the children of such ; yet we dare not refuse it to any child 
offered to us by any professed Christian, upon his engagement to 
see it educated, if God give life and ability, in the Christian reli- 
gion. But this being a ministerial act, we think it the Pastor's 
province to receive such professions and engagements. We judge 
it, therefore, fitting and expedient, that whoever would be admitted 
to partake with us in the Holy Sacrament be accountable to the 
Pastor, to whom it belongs to inquire into their knowledge and 
spiritual state, and to require the renewal of their baptismal cove- 
nant. But we assume not to ourselves," they continue, " to impose 
upon any a public relation of their experiences ; however, if any 
one think himself bound in conscience to make such a relation, let 
him do it. For we conceive it sufficient if the Pastor publicly de- 
dare himself satisfied in the person offered to our communion, and 
seasonably propound him. Finally, we cannot confine the right of 
choosing a Minister to the communicants alone ; but we think that 
every baptized adult person, who contributes to the maintenance, 
should have a vote in electing." In conclusion, " these are the prin- 
ciples we profess, and the rules we purpose, through the grace of 
God, to govern ourselves by ; and in some of these particulars, only, 
and in no other, do we see cause to depart from what is ordinarily 



1849.] IU9. Benjamin Colman^ 2>. D. 117 

professed and practiced by the Churches of Christ here in New 
England." 

Notwithstanding the peaceful spirit which pervades this '* Decla- 
ration,'' and the noble sentiments of Christian charity and toleration 
of which it is an avowal, its effect upon the public mind was, by 
no means, adequate to its merits ; it did not remove the prejudices 
of those who were fain to imagine that the whole scheme savored 
strongly of Presbyterianism, nor of those who, on the other hand, 
apprehended it to be Utile better than Episcopacy ; the Church was, 
in contempt, called ^^the Manifesto Church^^ ; and its leaders were 
stigmatized by the Mathers and their adherents as '' innovators," " a 
company of headstrong men, full of malignity to the holy ways of 
the Churches," '^ignorant, arrogant, obstinate, and full of malice 
and slander," who had published, ''under the title of a Manifesto^ 
certain articles that utterly subvert the Churches," filling '' the land 
with lies," and inviting '' an ill party, through all the country, to 
throw all into confusion on the first opportunities." 

Regardless, alike, of the frowns of their opponents, and the 
doubts of the wavering, the associates pursued their course, con- 
scious of the purity of their intentions, and certain of the '' gracious 
smiles of Divine Providence on this their undertaking"; and on 
Tuesday, the 12th of December, at a private meeting, fourteen 
brethren,^ ^ after solemn calling upon God, declared their consent 
and agreement to walk together in all the ordinances of our Lord 
JesQs Christ." On the 20th of the same month the Proprietors 
voted ^ that the Psalms in our Public Worship be sung tciihoui 
nading line by lineP 

On the 24th of December was opened for Public Worship, for 
the first' time, their ''pleasant new-built house," when Mr. Colman 
preached from 2 Chron. vi. 18. Bui will God in very deed dwell 
leiih men on the earth ? Beholdj Heaven and the Heaven of Heav* 
ens cannot contain thee; hoio much less this house which I have built! 
"I omit on purpose," he writes, under this date, "the difTeronces 
and troubles we had with any neighbors about our proceedings ; 
only am obliged to leave this acknowledgment of our great obliga- 
tion to the Hon. William Stoughton, Esq.,t Lieutenant-Governor 

* Tbonas Brmttle, Thomas Clark, ThomsR Cooper, Benjamin Walker, Benjamin Davi^ 
WiUiam Keen, Richard Draper, William Harris. Zechariuh Tuthill, John Colman, Joseph 
ADen, John Kilby, of the ** Undertaken," with John Noyes and Oliver Noycs. 

t Thb eminent man was the son of Col. Israel Stoughton, whose name is familiar to 
■aay, aa tha Commander-in-chief of the Colonial fonxs in the Pcquot War, and after- 
varda a Lienlenani-Colonel In the Parliamentary Army, in England. He was hovn in 
Dordieater in 1631 ; graduated at Harvard College in 1650; and after piusulng his Thco- 



118 Memoir of [Aprily 

of the Province, the Rev. Mr. William Brattle, of Cambridge, the 
> Rev. Mr. Clark,* of Chelmsford, and Mr. Danforth,t of Dorchester, 
for their good and kind endeavors for our peaceable settlement." 

Meanwhile, althoagh firmly resolved to adhere to the principles 
and rules laid down in their ^' Manifesto," the Pastor and brethren 

logical studies in this country, went to Ens^land, and enjoyed a Fellowship at New CtA- 
lego, Oxford, where he also received the fic^e of Master of Arts. Dnnng his stay in 
Eugland, he preached with great acceptance in the County of Sussex ; hut Mine among 
those who were ejected from their liyings after the Kestoraiion. he returned to New Eng- 
land, and here acquired a high reputation as a preacher; and his Sermon at the Anninl 
Election, April 29, 1668, was pronounced h^ a cotemporary to be ^^amons the very best 
delivered on that occasion." Declining all invitations to a settlement as Ptastor of any 
Church, he turned his attention to public affairs, and was, in 1671, chosen an Assistant, 
which office he held, by annual reelection, until tlio dissolution of the eovemment in 1686. 
On the 30th of Octol)er, I67G, he, with Peter Bulkley, sailed for England, in obedience to 
the requisitions of King Charles, to answer the numerous complaints against the Colony. 
The acents, after a tcdioiLs attendance in England, arrived at Boston again, Dec 23, 1679. 
Next followed , in 1 685, the revocation of the Charter. On the 1 2th of May, 1686, Stough- 
ton was elected Governor, but, inasmuch as Dudley was ** left out, from complaisance to 
him, refused to serve." Tlircc dnvs after arrived a Commission from King James, ap- 
pointing Dudley President, and Stoughton Deputy-President, of the Colony. On tho 
26th of July, Stougliton was placed at the head of the Courts in the Colony, an office 
which he held until the arrival of Andros, Dec. 20, 1686, when he became a member of 
Sir Edmund's Council, and one of the Justices of the Superior Court, Dudley being Chid*- 
Justice. His name stands at tlie head of those who, on the 18th of April, 1669, requested 
Andros to "" forthwith deliver up the government and fortifications," in order to prevent the 
effusion of blood ; and be was one of the self-constituted ** Council of Safety,^ which as- 
sumed the government until the people should have an opportunity of acting on the sub- 
ject But he was admitted to no participation in the subsequent administration, until tha 
arrival of the Charter of William and ^lary, in May, 1692, under which he was appointed 
Licutcnnnt-Govcmor, an office which lie sustained until his death. He was appomted by 
the Council, Dec. 22, 1692, Chief- Ju<;ticc of the Superior Court, and this office, also, was 
held by him until just before his death, which occurred on the 7th of July, 1701, at Dor- 
Chester, where he wa« buried on the 15th of the month, "with great honor and solemnity, 
and with him much of New England's glory": and where a monumental inscription per- 
petuates the remembrance of his public services and his private virtues. Ho was *' a per- 
son of eminent qualifications, honorable extract, lil>eral education, and singular piety"; 
i>nt his fair fame is ob«curcd by his criminal participation in the melancholy witchcraft 
delusion, he Iwing the Chief- Justice of the s]K.'cial tribunal constituted for the trial of the 
unhappy victims of ]iopular infatuation. His name, however, will long be held in affec- 
tionate rcmcmlminco as a generous and liberal benefactor of Harvard College. 
J • Rev. Thomas Clarke. i?on of Elder Jonas Clarke, of Cambridge, by his second wife, 
' Elizabeth, whom he married Julv .10. 1650, was bom March 2, 1653, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1670, was oniained Minister of the First Church in Chelmsford, as successor to 
Kev. John Fiske, in 1 678. and died Dec. 7. 17<)4. His djath is thus noticed bv ChicfJustic« 
Scwall. ''1704. Dec. 7th. Mr. Chirk of Chelmsford dies of a Fever; was uken vciy 
suddenly the Friday l>cforc, after he liad been at a Funeral: buried the 11 lb." The Doi^ 
Chester fchurch Kecords contain the following, under date of Dec. 10, 1704: — " Rev. Mr. 
Thoma<i Clarke's death, of Chelmiiford. lamented in a Sermon on Acts xx. 25, &c."; and 
a cotemporary i^Titcs of him that he was " a great loss to all our towns, and especioJly to 
our frontiers on that side of the country, who are greatly weakened with the loss of snch a 
worthy man." 

t Rev. John Danfbrth. son of Rev. Samuel Danforth, of Roxbury, was bom Nov. 8, (or 
5,1 1660, graduated at Harvanl College in 1677, and was afterwards a Fellow of that In- 
stitution, was ordained Pastor of the First Church in Dorchester, as successor to Rev. Jo- 
siah Hint. June 28, 1082. and continued in the ministry till his death. May 26, 1730. In 
Blake's Annals is the following notice of him. '' He w'as said to bo a man of great learn- 
ing; he understood the Mathematics l)eyond most men of his function. He was exceeding 
charitable, and of a very peaceful temper. He took much pains to eternize the namoi 3 
many of the good Christians of his own flock ; and yet the world is so ungrateful that ha 
*has not a line vrritten to preserve his memory, no, not so mach as upon his tomb, he be- 
ing buried in lA. Govt. Stoughton*s tomb, that was covered with writing before ; and there, 
ako, lyeth hii Consort, Bin. Elizabeth Danforth." 



1849.] Jlev. Benjamin Colman^ D. D. 119 

of the " New Church " were, nevertheless, disposed to do all in their 
power to conciliate the '< neighbor Churches"; and they according- 
ly sent letters to them, desiring their aid and countenance on the 
31st of the next month, when they had determined to keep a day 
of fasting and prayer "for public imploring the presence of God, 
his pardon and blessing." To this request Rev. James Allen^ and 
the Matbersf returned answer, that they could not take part in the 
exercises on that occasion, "lest," say they, "our joining with you 
in such an action be interpreted as an approbation of the miscar- 
riages, which, both before and since the publication of the ilJani- 
ftiio^ it seems to us that you are fallen into." 

But it soon became apparent that the violent party, at the head 
of which stood the Mathers, would not be sustained in their crusade 
against the "innovators," as they were pleased to style the adher- 
ents of the " Manifesto Church." It was seen that, as might have 
been expected, persecution was followed by its usual result, the in- 
creased strength and zeal of the persecuted ; and an anxiety was 
90on manifested that the storm of theological controversy might be 
hushed. At this juncture Lieutenant-Governor Sloughton and 
Chief-Justice Sewall| united with the Rev. Messrs. Willard,§ Clark, 

* Rcr. Janes Allen, an Ejected Minister and Fellow of New College, Oxford, came to 
New England in 1662 or 3, and was installed Teacher of the First Cbarch in Boston, Dec. 
9. 1668, Rcr. John Davenport being at the same time instnllcd Pastor. After a ministry 
offonj-two years, lie died Sept. 22, 1710, aged 78. John Diinton, in his Life and Errors, 
MTs: — **I went to risit the Bevercnd Mr. Allen. Ho is very humble an(] very rich, and 
can be cenerous enongfa, when the hamor is upon him. Ilis son was an eminent minister 
here in^ngland, and deceased at Northampton." Tlic historian of the First Church thus 
writes concerning him. " He was equally moderate and lenient in his concessions to oth- 
en. on the score of individual freedom, as he was strenuous for the enjoyment of hii> own 
ri^vfats. He was willing to render to Ca'sar all proper tribute ; but he Avas nnwilliug that 
Osenar, in the capacity of civil magistrate, should interfere in holy things. He was c(|nally 
desirons of shielding the Church against the power of the Clergy, as against that of the 
civil mlef." He " enjoyed a long, virtuous, and happy life of seventy-eight years, forty-six 
of wbich he had been a member, and fortv-two a vigilant mlcr and instructcr, uf the Church. 
Hv wealth cave him the power, which he used, as a good Bishop, to be hospitable." 

t Of the Mathers, father and son, nodiing need 1m; said. Their names, their lives, their 
vorlu, whether good or evil, are familiar to evcrv one. There always have iHicn, probably 
there ever will be, as many diflTerent estimates of their characters and motives, as there an) 
dHTerent phases of the hnman mind. 

\ For an account of this eminent man, and of his family, the reader is referred to the 
First Volume of the Kegister, pp. 105—13. 

\ Rev. Samuel Willard, son of Major Simon Willard, a gentleman highly dirtinguished 
both in military and civil life, and one of the principal settlers of Concord, was bom 
St Concord, Jan. 31, 1640, giadnated at Harvard College in IG59, and was subscqnently 
a Fellow of the Institntion. He was ordained the First Minister at Groton, July 13, 1064, 
where he continued until the breaking np of the Town and the dispersion of his flock 




i'oUcague. 

the 6th of September, 1701, Mr. Willard took upon himself the superintendence of Hai^ 
vard College, as successor to Rev. Increase Mather, with the title of Vice-President, still 
retaining his connection with his Church in Boston. He continued to sustain this two-fold 
rdaiioii, with popolaritj and success, until Aug. 14, 1707, when he resigned his office as 



120 Mefnair of [April, 

and Danforth, to pour oil upon the troubled watere, to effect a rec- 
onciliation which they all so much desired. Chief-Justice Sewall 
has left us a record of the steps which were taken to accomplish the 
desired object. 

bead of the College, as appears from the following entry in the Diary of Chief-Joitice 
Sewall. "Mondoy, Aug. 11, 1707. Mr. Willard goes to Cambridge to expound, but 
finds few scholars come together, and, moreover, was himself taken ill there, which obliged 
him to come from thence l>efurc Prayer-time. Tuesday, August 12, between G and 7, I 
▼isited Mr. Willard, to see how his joomcy and laltor at the College had agreed with bim, 
and he surprised me with the a1x)ve account; told me of a great pain in his head and sick- 
ness at his stomach, and that he believed he was near his end. I mentioned the Inisinesa 
of the College. He desired me to do his message by word of mouth, which I did Thnn- 
day following, to the Governor and Council. Quickly after I left Mr. Willard, he fell very 
sick, and bail three sore convulsion fits, to our great sorrow and amazement Thursday, 
Aug. U. When the Governor enquired after Mr. Willard, I acquainted the Governor and 
Council that Mr. Willanl was not capable of doing the College work another year ; he 
thanked them for their acceptance of his sen'ice, and reward. Governor and Council or* 
dcrcd Mr. Winthrop and Brown to visit ihc I^evd. Mr. Willard, and thank him for his 
good service the six years pa«t. Sent do^Ti for concurrence, and Deputies to name per- 
sons to join in their thanks and condolence. Deputies concur, and nominate the Revd. 
Mr. Nehemiah Hobart to officiate in the mean time, till October next. This the Governor 
and Council did not accept, and so nothing was done." 

** Sept. 12. Mchetabel xhurston tells me Mr. Willord wrs taken very sick. I hoped it 
might go off, and went to dinner. When I came there Mr. Peml>erton was at praver, near 
concluding. A pretty many in the chamber. After prayer many went out. I staid and sat 
down ', and, in a few minutes, saw my dear Pastor expire. It was a little oAer 2, just ubuut 
two hours from his being taken. There was a doleful cry in the house.*' Rev. Dr. Joseph 
Sewall's Diary fumish<*s the following additional particulars. "1707, Sept. 12. The Rev. 
Mr. Willard, after he had cut hii* finger, while eatmg o\'stcrs, went up to his study, called 
his wife, thanked her for her kindness. ])raycd God to bless them all ; then fell into a con- 
Tulsion, about noon, wiiich, in two hours time (])lus minus) despatched him, to the great 
grief and sorrow of all good men.'* — ** Sept. 15. Mr. Willard is buried. The members of 
the College, the Corporation. &c., go before tlic corpse. We all have gloves. A vast bodr 
of spectators. He is laid in our tomb.*' Mr. Willard was, in di.«position, quiet, unpretend- 
ing, and retiring. ** lie is well furnished with leanilng," says Dunton, in his account of hii 
visit to B-jston, *^has a natural fiucncv of speech, and can say what he pleases.** Says Dr. 
Bamnrd, in his " Sketch of Eminent Kfinis^tcrs in New England, "he was an hard student, 
of great learning for that day, of a clear head, solid judgment, excellent both in preaching 
and in prayer, an exemplary Christian, pleasant in conversation, whose works praise him. 
In the wonts of the historian of the Old South Church, ^ his powers of mind were of a su- 
perior order. He had a copious funcpr, and a quick and accnrate perception; and in argu- 
ment was profound and clear. His piety wtis consistent, devoted, self-<icnying, and confid- 
ing. His learning was extensive and solid, especially in Theology, which* was his favorite 
study, and for his proficiency in which he was greatly celebrated. ' Ilis style was masi.>uline, 
not per|^'cx<^^i ^"' *^**y ^^ ^^^^^ ^' strong.* His delivery was characterised by ' gravity, cour- 
age, xeal, and prudence ; and, when the matter re<iuinid it, no man could speak with greater 
pathos and pungen(7. He knew how to be a son of thunder to the secure and hanlened, and 
a son of consolation to the contrite and broken in spirit.* As a Pastor he was distinguished 
for * pnidencc, faithfulness, and impartiality. All his talents and acquisitions were consecrat- 
ed' to the service of Christ, and over the whole, it is said, was shed the lustre of a ' remark- 
able and unaffecteil modesty,' and a * spirit truly pacific.**' The position which W^illard 
maintained throughout the wiu-hcTaft delusion is, m the highest degree, honorable to bis 
heart and mind ; and Thomas Brattle, the uncompromising denouncer of the prominent 
men and measures of the time, bean ample testimony to his prudence, firmness, und cour- 
age; " who^e good affection to bis country, in ^neral,** says he, in his "Full and Candid 
Account of the Delusion called Witchcraft,*' pnntc<1 in Mass. Hist Coll. V., *' and spiritual 
relation to three of the Judi^cs, [Stoughton. the Chief Justice, and Samuel Sewall and 
Wail Si ill Winthrop. two of the Associate Justices, of the special trilmnal, were memlicrt 
of Willard^s church | in p.nrticnlar, has made him vcr}' solicitous und industrious in this 
matter; and I am fully pcrsuoilcd that, had his notions and proposals been hearkened to 
and fultoweil, when these troubles were in their birth, in an ordinary way. tlicy would nerer 
have grown unto tliat height which now they have. He has, as yet, met with little bnt 
unkindness, abuse, and reproach from many men; [according to Kobert Calef, on a cer- 
tain occasion " one of the accusers cried oat publicly of Mr. Willard, as afflicting of her '* !] 



1849.] Bev. BenQomin Colman, J). D. 121 

'*169»-1700. Jan. 34. The Lieutenant-Governor calls me," 
thus he writes, " with him, to Mr. Willard's, where, out of two pa- 
pers, Mr. William Brattle drew up a third, for an accommodation, 
to bring on an agreement between the New Church and our Min- 
isters. Mr. Colman got his brethren to subscribe il.^^ 

"Jan. 25. Mr. I. Mather, Mr. C. Mather, Mr. Willard, Mr. 

Wadsworth,* and S. S. wait on the Lieutenant-Governor, at Mr. 

Cooper's, to confer about the writing drawn up the Evening before. 

Was some heat^ but grew calmer, and, after Lecture, agreed to be 

presefU at the Fast^ which is to be observed Jan. 'AlstP 

On Wednesday, then, the Slst of January, was kept the appoint- 
ed day of fasting and prayer ; and Allen and the Mathers were com- 
pelled so far to smother their resentments, as to take part in the 
exercises on the occasion, although they had expressly refused so 
to do, when invited, a month previous. Says Chief-Justice Sewall, 
to whom we are again indebted for a record of the proceedings: — 

« 1700. Jan. 31. Fast at the New ChUrch. 

A M. Mr. Colman reads the writing agreed on. Mr. Allen 
prays. Mr. Colman preaches, prays, [and] blesses. 

P. M. Mr. Willard prays. Mr. L Mather preaches. Mr. Cot- 
ton Mather prays. Sing the 67 Psalm ivithout reading. Mr. Brat- 
tle sets Oxford Tune. Mr. Mather gives the blessing. 

His text was, 'Follow peace with all men, and holiness;' doc- 
trine,-— roost follow peace so far as it consists with holiness. Heb. 
xii. 14. Mr. Colman's text was, Rom. xv. 29, * And I am sure 

but I tmst,** he adds, *'thAt, id after times, his wisdom and serrice will And a more uni- 
' aeknowledgment; and if not, his reward is with the Lord." Mi*. Willard's pabli!ihe<l 




oel Wadsworth, who was slain by the Indians, Sept 18, 1676. In 1690 he graduated at 
Harmrd College, of which ho was subsequently a Follow. On the 8th of September, 1 G96, 
ke WM ordained colleagne to Ber. James Allen, of the First Church in Boston; where he 
eootinaed until his election as the successor of President Lcvcrett, in June, 1 725. Uis in- 
aaganuion took place on Commencement Day, Jnly 7, 1725. Ilis death, which occurred 
on the ISth of March, 1737, ''was lamented with more than ordinary demonstrations of 
sorrov.** ** or cood learning, most pious, humble, and prudent, an excellent, plain, pathet- 
ieal preacher," bis powers of mind ^'were rather strong than brilliant, and his manners 
laiher gmre than ■"^niifrpd. His memory was uncommonly retentive ; though he wrote 
ha aermons with care, he always delivered them memorittr. As a preacher he was per- 
tpieoooa and solemn ; as a Pastor, watchful and exemplary ; and as a Christian, so liberal 
nd exact fai his charities, as to give to the poor a tenth part of his income." Inferior to 
his predecessor, Leverett, as well in dignity of deportment, as in versatility and brilliancy 
of talenti he was, nerertheless, respected and beloved as the head of the College. Fifty- 
rix years of age when he accepted, with the greatest reluctance, the Presidency, '' his health 

■ to fidl soon after he entered upon its duties, which were performed to ^neral ac- 

ee, nnder all the disadrantages of bodily infirmi^. His conduct in theur dischai^ 
marked by firmness, prudence, and judgment Faithful to every trust, kind to all, 
atfm, cavtioQa, modeiate, self-possessed, and affectionate, he left a name precious to his 
own, and apprecialed hij^ly by after, times." 

8 



Will of Brian Pendleton. [April, 



^^1 that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fnlnegs of the bles- 

^^M sing ol' the Gospel of ChrUl.' 

^H [Principal Ministers, " many Scholars," the Lieutenant-Governor, 

^^^ and Council, present. | 

^H Mr. Willard prayed God to pardon all the frailties and follies of 

^H Ministers and people ; and that Ihey might give that respect to the 

^V other Churches due to them, though not just of their consiitutum. 

Mr. Mather in his Sermon, and Mr. Cotton in his prayer, to the 
same purpose. Mr. Willard and C. Mather prayed excellently and 
pathetically for Mr. Colman and his Jlock. 'Twas a close, dark 



WILL OF BRIAN PENDLETON. 

"irg docunieol we are indetiled to Liidt. A. W. 

Portsm". 9"' August I Brian Pendleton Rjmelime of Saco in y* County 

1677. of Tork, now resident in Portam". on Pascai&q. < 

Hiver in N. E. doe make &. ordain this to be my 

last Will & Testament hereliy revokeing all former wills by mee made. 

1'. I give to ray beloved wife Eleano' Pendleton (besides w'. I have re- 
aenred for her in a deed of Gill to my Gran-cliild Pendlelon Fleleher) 
all my Household Goods together with all that piece of land belonging 
to mee lying between my Bon James's & M' Deerings upon the Great 
Island wh. I liave excepted &^ ressrved out of my Deed of Gift of all 

2°. lo my son James. Furthermore I give to my wife all my huseing & 
Land at Cape-Porpus wh. Rich'' Palmer's wife hath tlie [defaced] dure- 
ing her Life, together with my SIxe Hundred & forty Acres of Land 
more or lesse lyine on y" East side of Westbrook near Saco Ffalla w* 
— I bought of Jno West & Maj' W" Philips as y" Deeds will appear, as 
also Timber Island at y* Little River, All w*". I give lo my wife abso- 
lutely to bee at her diaposenll. 

S," — Unto my Gran-child James Pendleton Jun'. I give my Hundred Acres 
of Upland & t«D Acres of meadow w''' I bought of Jno. Bush & lies 
within y* Township of Cape-Porpus, adjoining to Prince's Rock. 

3°. — All Bjy Houseing & Land at Wells, w"" all y" Priveledges k. Appur- 
tenances I give unto my two Grand -children Mary & Hannah Pendle- 
ton w^ my son hod by his fTorm' wife, lo bee equally divided between 

^- 

i". — I give to my wife all my wearing Clothes to be diposej of as ehee 
shall see meet, desiring her lo [rememb'' some poor.*} 

5°. — Finally I make my wife my Execulriie & joyn my beloved son James 
Pendleton ejtecut' together with his Mother, willing ray Eiecutrixe to 
disburse wharis needed for my Funerall Charge Sc my Executor to pay 




J 



1849.] Daniel Gookin. 123 

all m; debU. And I request M' Joshua hloodey & W Ricli" Martyn 
to bee ovefteerB to this 1117 last Will & Tenlam'. 

In wibies to all & Singular y' p'misses I have set to my hand & eeale 
tiiB 9* August 1677. 
WitDesscB Brian Pendlkton. (Seal.) 

Joehuai Moodej 
Ann Moodej 

As a schedule to tbia mj last will & Testameut I give unto my be- 
loved SOD Junes Pendleton all my land on the East of Westbroolc 
butting on the great river of Saco six Hundred Acres more or less. 
My [bouse it lands lying?] at Cape-Porpus in all Three Hundred 
Acres in the occupatiou of Richard Palmer, all my severall Islands in 
or near s* Cape-Porpua the one half oi ray stook of Cattle of what sort 
soever upon my farm at Winter Harbour found after mine 6c my wives 
decease with all my wearing apparell & one third of my House hold 
good*, except my utensels of Husbandry. 

Sc Unto Mary &. Hannah Pendleton, daughters of my s* son James 
nil my lands in Wells being three plantations or lotis, bought of M' 
Fletcher Hamond & were improved by Joseph Cross. & to each of 
ihem one third part of my household gooils after mine and My wives 
decease. It", lo Brian Pendleton my Grandson the remainder of my 
land on Great Island Piscataq. what is wniayned herein is addition to 
My will any thing in s'' will notwithstanding. 
This Schedule was Signed k. Sealed Brian Pendleton. (Seai.) 

in preaence of us 
Joeeph Dudley 
Jfldiaa Moodey 

Jothuft Moodey made oath y' y* wrileing on y' other side was s^ed & 
wU<t by Mdj' Brian Pendleton ti. declared by him to bee his last will & 
TctUment & y' M' Joseph Dudley did write & sign a wilnes to the schedule 
anexed at y* foot of y* ibreg* Page. 

• • ■ this 5"" day Ap'. 1681 
Before us 

John rWincotl?]) , ,. . 
-p • • e • # » ' Justices of 

[Charles?] Frost y-^^"*^ 
fVtt will within ■•• ••• •■• vrritten ■ * attest above • • • 

». Ap* 1C81. p- Ed. Kishworth. 



1 



DANIEL GOOKIN. 



as relating to that 
whom some acoounl 



[The following scraps are worthy of preservation, 
"right good man," Major-General Daniel Gookin, of 
bu been given in a previous number of the Register."] 

"Daniel Gookin, the last Major-General of the colony, was a stem, Pu- 
rkui, republican. He was not only ready 'to serve his renowned High- 
oeM in the l^ord,* but was an efficient friend and protector to his associates, 
Vballej and Gofie, the Re^cides. After an absence of about three years 
in Engtonil, a portion of which was probably passed in 'his Highness' ser- 

• 3«G his letter lo Secretarj Ttmrloc, VoL L p. 350, of the Regiilor. 



I 



Daniel 0-ookin. C-^pnl» 



retarned back,' a fellow passenger wilh Colonel Whalley and 

Colonel Goffe, in ihe ship , Pierre, cammander, and arrived at Boston 

from London, on the 27th of 3alj, 16liO,* nnd on the same day tbey went lo 
Cambridge, the place of residence of their chosen friend, Gookin, and there 
resided uutil the next February, when, finding themselves unsafe there from 
the vengeance of Charles II., aided by their fiiends they escaped lo Con- 
necticut. They were men of singular abilities, and had moved in an exalt- 
ed aphere. Whalley had been a Lieu tenant- General, and Gofie a Major- 
Geoeral in Cromwell's anny. Their manners were elegant, and their 
appearance grAve and dignified, commanding aniversal respect. Grovemor 
Endicott, and gentlemen of chnracler in Boston and its vicinity, treated 
them with peculiar kindness and respect. They attempted no disguise, and 
publicly appeared at meetings on the Lord's day. and at occasional lectures, 
fasts, and thankfigivings, and were admitted to the sacrament and attended 
private meetings for devotion, visited many of the principal towns, and were 
frequently at Boston.! 

The king's commissioners, who were Colonel Nichols, Cartwright, Carr, 
and Maverick, in their narrative about Mew England, IC67, speaking of 
these Judges, say, among other accusations, 'Colonels Wbnlley and Goffe 
were entertained by the raagiatratea with great solemnity, and feasted in 
every place, after they were lold they were traitors, and ought to ke a^ipre- 
hended. They made their abode at Cambridge, until lliey were famished 
with horses and a guide, and sant away to New Haven for their more secu- 
rity. Captain Daniel Gookin ia reported to have brought over and to 
manage their estates ; and the commissioners being informed Ihat he bad 
many cattle at his farm in Ihe king's province, which were supposed (o be 
WhalJey's or Gofl'e's, caused them lo be seized for his majesty's use, til! 
furlher order, but CapL Gookin, standing upon the privilff^e of tfietr CSiar- 
ter, and refusing to answer htfore tite comraissumers, so tliat there taas no 
more done about U. Captain Pierce, wlio iransporled Whalley and Goffe 
into New England, may probably say something to their estate-'J The 
position taken by Gookin as represented by the commissioner?, nnd the tone 
of his 'remonstrance' in 1680. thirteen years nflenvarils, render it hardly 
probable that he ever attempted or wished lo vindicate his conduct in th' 
matter." 

The following vote shows the location of General Gookin's estate : — 

" Billerica, la, a". 1061. At a Towne Meeting, The towne do grant to 

flVances Wyman & John Wyman that parcell of land that lyeth betweene 

^Wobume line & the former that lliey purchased of Mr. Dunster, wliidi ia 

by estimation four score acres, more or less and is bounded on the Sotith or 

South East with Captaine Gookins farme line. 

Attest Jonathan Danforth, C." 

" Those Bookish Gentlemen & Ladies, who contributed so much to my 
well being and with whom I spent some of the most agreeable minulea of 
my whole life, those noble friends that I would here characterize a 
Christopher Usher. Esq., Major Dudley, Alajor Gookins, and others," 
America. — John DuiUon's L'/e and Errors, p. 355. 

• This date correapooda wilh thai given lij Gookin in hii HUlorical Colltctioiu, wl 
he incideutslly ramarki that bo "retamed back in ibo year 1560, a i/tar or mart belort 
Major Athenou's death," wbich occorred ScpL IS, 1561. — Jt&ui. Hiil. Col., i. IT'. f 

t Tmmhull's OiniurfinU, (Svo. New HavDO. 1818) l.Shl ; SlUea'i HiU. of Ihr Judga-M 
(tamo, Hartford. 1794) pr, S? "" "= "^ ■ 

I Sec tbd CoDimiHionen' ^an 
i:G9)pp.ll9-SD.— £li. 




1849.] Imciipdons al AUyn'g Point. 125 

Gookin and Danforth, for daring to favor the Praying-Indians, were 
opcvl; threatened with death by placards posted up in Bost4)n, Feb. 28, 
1673-6. The following extract from one of these placards furnishes a strik- 
ing exemplification of the excitement which was so preralent at this time : — 

"Some generous spirits have vowed their destruclioD; as Christiana we 
wain them to prepare for death, for though they will deservedly die, yet wc 
wish the health of their souls. By the new society, 

A. B. C. D." 

The following votes are an additional indication of the temporary unpop- 
nlvi^ of Gookin and his associates: — 

" "Tbe Names of eighteen Gentlemen who hail most Voles for Magistrates 
for the year ensuing, as appears at opening the sd Votes at Boston, April 
112: 167^> ^'^'^ ^^^ number of Votes for each. 



SimoD Bradslreet, Esqr. 974 

Daniel Gookin, Esqi 
Ric. Ruesell, Esur. 
Tbo. Dooforth, Esqr. 



Wm. Ilalhome, Egqr. 
Edw. Ting, Esqr. 
Mr. Joseph Dudley, 
Major Xiio. Savage, 



The Rev. Thomas Shepard of Charlectown, who died Dec. 22, 1677, in 
the 48d year of his age, bequeathed "£6 to hi.s honored guardian Capt. 
Daniel Qookin, whom he chose at bis fathers death when a lad of fourteen." 

Wben Gookin, Eliot, and others were capsized in Boston harbor, in April, 
1676, he lust " a large cloak of drab due berry lin'd through with fine seargc, 
cnat in London about eight pounds," "a new pair of glovee cost 2* and a 
nUan, headed with Ivory worth 18''. Capt. Henchman lost a good broad- 
doth clarge cnate north 40 shillings, Jc Mr. Eliot lost a good castor hat 
worth ten shilUngs." 

In the Worce-iter Magazine, Vol. I. p. 383, it is staled that General Goo- 
kio was a Hebrew scholar. 

Judge Sewall thus notices in hia Diary the death of Gookin. "166f. 
Xwch 18. Goe to see Major Gookin, who iii dying. Ho speaks to us. 
SUrch 19. Satterday, ab' 5 or 6 in y' morn Miijor Daniel Gookin dies, a 
right good Man" 



Ducription.1 at AUyn'n Pmnl, llie terminus of t>ie Worcester and Nor- 
wich Railroad, on the east side of the river Thames, seven miles be- 
Imo NoTvnch, Ct. 
In memory of Mr. Benadam Allynt who died Sept. 6th 1781, by traitor 
Arnold's murdering corps in the 20th year of hie age. 
To fotare Bgei this shntl lell 
This brave joath in fort Griswolrt fell 
For nnittricM liberty ho fonght t bled 
AIks he died. 
lo memory of Capt, Simeon Allyn who died Sept. 6lh 1781 in fort Gris- 
wold with his Lieutenant, Ensign k, 13 soldiers by traitor arnolds murder- ' 
ing corps in the 37th year of his age. 

Id memofy of Belton Allyn who fell in fort Griswold by traitor Arnolds 
corpA SepL 6th 1781. 

• Bee W M fTai. CI/., iii. 99, too,— En. 

) This timne, wo believe, does not nppeiLr ainoti^ lliosc VDgniven uu the moDunieut al 
Qraloa HoighD, while that of SoniiwI Allyn does. 



I 

^^^K, [Copied for the Antiquarian Journal by Mr. Da.tid Puui 
^^^F Geneul. Society.] 



Meeords of Boston, 



RECORDS OF BOSTON. 



[ApnI. 



3, member of Ihe N. E. H. 



[Coniiuncd from page 40.] 



I 



[Note. — These records contain the marriages, birtha, and deaths of eev- 
erai towns, r^ they were returned to the recorder in Boston, and are copied 
ID the order in which the; were entered. Tlie following are of Braintree.] 

A register of Births & buriaJls in Braintree trom the ycare 1637 vnto 
the first month 1644. 

Mary the daught' of Thomas Adams was borne 24° (5°) Adams. 

1643 & dyed eoone al^er. 

Sorai the daught' of Samuel Allen & Anne his wife was AUen, 

borne the 30' (1°) 1639. 

Anne the wife of Samuel Allen dyed 29" (7°) 1641. 

Miriam the daught' of Georg Aldreth was buried 1639 Aldreth. 

27" (IP.) 

Ezperienoe the daught' of Georg Aldreth dyed 2° (12°) 
1641. 

Hanna the daught' of Benjamin Albie was borae 16° AMtie. • 

(6°) 1G41, 

Lidia the daught' of Benjamin Albie was borne 14° (2°) 
1642. 

Hannah the daught' of William Ames was home 12° Anus. 

(3») 1641. 

Rebecca the daught' of William Ames was borne (8°) 
1S42. 

Sarai the daught' of Matthew Barnes was borne 29° (6°) Bonus, 

1641. 

Mary the daught' of Samuel Basse was borne 26° (2°) Basse. 

1643. 

Samuel the eonne of Gregorie Bclshar was borae 24° Belshar. 

(6°) 1637. 

" Mary the daught' of Gregory Belshar was borae 8' (5°) 
1639. 

Joseph the aonne of Gregory Belshar was borae 25° 
(10") 1641. 

Phillip the sonne of Henry Blage was borne 24° (1°) Blage. 

1643. 

John the Sonne of Peter Bracket was borae 30° (9°) Bracket, 

1641. 

Joseph the sonne of Peter Bracket was borne 13° (8°) 
1642. 

Mary the daughter of Kchard Bracket was borae 1° BrackeL 

(12") 1641. 

ffrancis Browne servant to John AJby dyed (1°) 1640. Broicyu. 

liichard the sonne of Richard Chamberlaine was borne Oiamberlaitie. 
19° (10°) 1642 &. dyed the 25" (10°) 1642. 

Joseph the sonne of William Cheesborougli was borne Ctieesborough. 
18" (5°) 1640. 

Joshua Ihc sonne of James Coney was borne (2°) 1 640 Coney. 

& dyed lie (10°) 1642. 



1849.] Recordi of Boston. 12T 

Patience the daughter of James Coni-y was borac (6") 
1642. 

Experieace the daagbl' of James Cbney was borne (6°) 
1642. 

Junes son to James Coney dyed (10") 1642. 

Joseph the sonne of John Darset was buryed (10°) 1C43. Darset. 

Ambrose the eonne of William Dawes was borne 24° (5°) DaweS' 

1642. 

.lohnihesonneofWilliamDevel wa8borne24'' (4") 1643 Devel. 

A dyed 15" (5°) 1643. 

Mary Eliol the daughl' of ffranda Eliot was borne 27° Eliot. 

(11°) 1640. 

John the Sonne of William Ellis was borne 5° (1°) 1641. ElUs. 

£lisM)etb the daugb' of Thomas fflatman was borne 7° fflaiman. 

(3°) 1640. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas fflatman was borae 3° (5°) 
1&43. 

Dorothie the daught' of Henry fflint was borne IT (5") ffiint. 

1642. 

Susan the daught' of Peier George was borne (12°) 1G42. George. 

John the Bonne of John Ilanset was borne 15" (5°) 1641. Hansett. 

Elisabeth the daught' of John Hastings was borne 2° (5°) Hastitigi. 
1643. 

John the sonne of John llecknell was borne 3° (10°) 1638. HechieU. 

Nathaniel the sonne of Nathaniel Herman was home S" Jiemian. 

{!2«) 1640. 

UvT the daughf of Nathaniel Herman was borne 15° 
(IS*) 1642. 

Jonathan the sonne of John Hoydon was borne 10° (3°) Hoydoti. 

Ifi40. 

Hannah the daught' of John Hoydon was borne 7° (2°)' 
1642. 

Joseph the sonne of Thomas Jewel &. Grisell his wife was Jewell. 

Urae the 24° (2°) 1642. 

Udia the daught' of Joel Jenkins was borne 13° (8°) 1640. Jenkins. 

Tbeophilus the BOnne of Joel Jenkins was borne 7° (2") 
1642. 

Mary the daught' of Steven Kinsley was home 30° (6°) Kinsley, 

1640. 

Eiechiel the sonne of Ezechiel Knight & Elisabeth his Enight. 

wife was borne 1° (12°) 1640 ic dyed 29° (7°) 1641. 

Elisabeth the wife of Ezechiel Knight was buried 28° (2°) 
1642. 

Mary the daught' of Henry Maudsle/ was borne 29° (7°) MaudsUy. 
1638. 

Samuel the sonne of Henry Maudaley was borne 14° (4°) 
IMl. 

SanJi the daught' of Thomas Mekins was borne 24° (2°) Meiins. 

1641. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Mekins was borne 8° (4°) 
1643. 

[To be conUnued.j ^aqi- J-^j 



__L 



Burial Inscriptiuim in Saleni, Masx. [April, 



INSCRIPTIONS FllOM THK BURYING- GROUNDS IN SALEM, 
MASS. 

[CUAItTEK STKEET BTJKYTNQ-GKIJUND,] 

Here Lyes buried the body of Mrs, Mary Andrew, wil'u to Mr. Nntlian- 
iel Andrew, wbo died October y' 3d, 1747, in y' 39tb year of her age. 

Here lyea buried the body of Mr. Jona. Archer, died July I6th, 174C, in 
the 7Gth year of his nge. 

Here lyes buried tlie Body of Mrs. Rachel Barnard, wife to Samuel Bar- 
nard, Esq., Aged 5G years, died Aiig. y° 30tli, 1743. 

Here lyes buried (he body of Mrs. Elizabeth Barnard, the Pious and 
Virtuona Conaort of Samuel Barnard, Esq., who departed llits Life Nov', 
9th, Anno Domini 1753, Aged 16 years. 

In memory of Samuel Barnard Esq., who departed this life, November 
2lBt, 1702, in the 78lb year of his age. 

Here lyeth buried y° body of Elizabeth, wife to Henry Bartholmcw, 
aged about 60 years, deceas'd y' 1st day of September, 1682. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Edmond Batter, who departed this life, 
November y* 2d, 1756, aged 84 years. 

Here lyca the body of Martha Batter, wife to Mr. Edmond Batter, aged 
3G years, dec'd June I'st, [ ] 

Here lyeth y" body of William Beckett, senr., who died y' 10th of No- 
vember, 1723, in y* 55lh year of his age. 

Here lyes y' body of Capt. William Bowdilch, merchant, deceased y" 
28th of May, 1728, aged 64 years and 9 montlig. 

Here lyes y° body of Mra. Mary Bowditch, wife of William Bowditcli, 
who died [ ] 1724, in y" 53d [or .loth] year of ber age, 

"William, son of .los". and Elizabeth Bowdilch, died June 2Gth, 1729, aged 
2 years and 5 months. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Ebenezor Bowdilch, who departed tUis 
life Feb'', y* 2d, 1768, in y" 65th year of his age. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Ebenczer Bowditch, who departed this 
Life August the I6th, 1771, Aged 42 years. 
" Here lieth buried y* body of William Browne, Esq., Aged 79 years. 
Departed this Life the 20th of January, 1687. 

This Stone perpetuates the memory of John Cabot, Physician, who died 
June 3d, 1749, aged 44, 

Likewise of William, son of Hannah Cabot, died Dec". 9th, 1750, Aged 
1 year 2 mo. 

Mary Corey, wife of Giles Corey, aged 63 years, died August 27th, 1684. 

Here lies the body of Mary Cox, wife to Edward Cox, sen'., who died 
Nov. y' [ ] 1737, aged 63 years. 

Here lyes y' body of Doraty Cromwell, aged G7 years, Dec". Sept. v* 
27th. 1673. 

Here lieth Buried y' body of Mrs, Mary, wife 1o Mr. Philip Cromoll, 
aged 72 yeares, departed this life the 14 day of November, 1683. 

Here lyeth buried y' body of Mr. Philip Cromwell, aged 83 years, de- 
parted this life y* 30lh March. 1693. 

This Stone Perpetuates the memory of Capt, John Crown inshidd, d 
iner, Ob'. May 25th, Anno Dom. 1761, ^tatis 65. 

Here lyeth y" body of Martha Dean, y" wife of Thumaa Dean, who died 
j" 24th of Decern'. 1729, in the 31al year of her age. 



1B49.] Burial Inscriptions in Salem, Mass. 129 

Here lyes y* body of Edward Dean, son of Mr. Philemon Dean of Ipsv 
wich, who ilied Sept. y* 14lh, 1743, aged 21 years. 

Here lyeth y' body of Mary, Wife to Edmond Feveryeare &: formerly 
wife of Joseph Hardy, Aged about 45 yeara, died Nov. 1705. , ■ 

Here lyeth buried y' body of Sarah, wife of Ebenezer Gardner, Aged > 
about 23 ye&rs, dyed y' 5th of September, 1682. 

Hwe lyes Interred the body of William Gedney, Esq., who died Jan', y* 
34th, 1729. aged 62 years. 

In memory of Mrs, Mercy Goodhue, wife of Mr. William Goodhac, died 
May 22d, 1772, in the 56th year of her age. ' 

Here lyes y' body of Mr. John Grafton, senier, died Nov', y* 24lh, 1715, 
nged 77 years. 

Here lyelh buried y' body of Joseph Hardy, Dyed April 17th, 1G87. 

Here !yeth y* body of Seeth Hardy, dau'. of Joneph & Mary Hardy, aged 
about 25 years & 7 months, Died Dec'. 2l8t, 1712. 

In memory of Mr, Benjamin Herbeart, who departed this Life Jan'^, the 
2(hfa, 1761, in the 52d year of his a^e. 

Hete lie buried the remains of Elizahelli, Consort of Capt, Benjamin 
Herbert. 

In her were united the affectionate wife, iho tender Parent) the Friend 
lo the iligtressed, and in a Word, the Fious and good Woman. 

Otf. Octr. 23d, A, D. 1772, JEt&tia 59. 

Francis, son of John Higginson, .3""*. & Hannah his wife, bom Nov', y" 
aath. 1705, & died y" same day. 

Henry, son of John Higginson, 3""*. & Hannah his wife, aged 14 monlhes 
kaud 7 dayes, died Dec', y' Ut, 1709. 

John, son of William & Mary Hirst, aged 1 year & 9 mo. Died Octob'. 
Kill, 1687. 

Ir Memory of George Hodgea, son of Mr. Gamaliel Hodges, jr. & Pris- 
alh Hodges, Aged 17 years. Died March y' 25th 17G4. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Gamaliel Hodges, who departed t^ia 
Life August tlje STth, 1768, Aged 51 years and 11 months. 

Here iyeth buried y' body of William Holiingwortli, aged 33 yeares, 
departed this Life Nov'. 7th, 1683. 

Here lyeth buried y' body of Elinaor llollingworth, aged 59 yeares. 
Deceaaed y* 22d of November. 1G89. 

2 dant" of Jno. and Sus" Holliman. Susanna died Sept. y" 27th, I72I. 
b tb« 2d year of her age. Susannah died Nov™, y' 4lh, 1729, in y' 2d 
jtMT of her age. 

John Holliman, son to John and Susan Holliman, who died July y* let, 
m2, in y' 10th year of his age. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Eunice Hunt, the wife of Mr. William Hunt. 
Died August 30th. 1764, aged 67 years and fi raonlba. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mr. William Hunt, who departed this Life 
May the 29tb, 1769, Aged 25 years. 

Here lie Interred the remains of Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. John Inger- 
ntl & daut. of Captain Daniel Bmy. Obt. Aug*. 5th, 1768, .^tatis 56. 
llappj the VirlnooB & the Jnit, 
"Hiey froni their Sins and Lebor real, 
Tbcrr holy works do rollow ibem, 
Tg the bright manBioaB of tbc bliuL 

Also Philip, son of Capt. & Mi-s. Susanna Ingersoll, Oht. Sept. 8tb, 
1781, .£telis 2. 

Here lyes Itie bodj of William JefTry, son of Sir. James and Mrs. Ruth 



1 

I 



130 Burial JnaenpUons in Salem, Maes. [A|>nl, 

Jeffry, who departed this Life July the 8th, 1772, in y' 35th year of his 
age. 

Katherine. wife lo Mr. WilliacQ King, died Dec". 17th, 1718, Aged 22 

Here lyeth buried y" body of Mr. Timothy Linclall, aged 56 years & 7 
mo. Deceased January y" 6th, 1698. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mrs. Mary Lindall, wife to Mr. Timothy 
Lindall, aged 83 years. Dec"*. Jan-r. y- 7lh, 1731. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Caleb Lindall, Merch'. Obi'L Nov*. 
13th, 1751, JEtaUs 67. 

Here lyes Interred y* body of James Lindall, Esq. wlio departed this Ufa 
May y' lOlh, Anno Dom'i 1753, Aged 77 years. 

Here lyes buried y° body of Mrs. tiaralt Lindall, wife to Mr Caleb Lin- 
dall, Mercb'. who departed this life June y* 27th, A. D. 1764, aged 60 

Here lies Interred the body of Mrs. Mary Lindall, who departed this life 
Jan"*, the 22d, 1776, aged 70 years. 

This Stone perpetuates the memory of Mad*" Sarah Marshead, who died 
Dec". 25lh, 1750, aged 67. 

Here lyeth buried y" body of John Mai-ston, senior, aged 66 years. Dec'd 
December y' 19, 1681. 

Here lyeth buried y° body of Mary y° wife of John Marston, Aged 43 
years, dyed y" 25th of May, 1686. 

Mr. Nathaniel Malhcr. Dec'd October y' 17th, 1688. 
An B|!;ed person 
thai had seen 
Tim nineteen winters 
in the world. 

Here lyelh y* body of Judatli, Daut'. of Joseph & JudaLh Neale. De- 
ceased February y° 25th, 1697-8, in y* 16th year of her age. 

Here lyeth the Body of Ruth, wife of John Nutting, who died Nov'. 22d, 
1736. 

Also John, their son, died June 20tb, 1720, aged 4 yenre. 

Benjamin Ome, son to Benjamin Ome k son to Klizabelh Oroe, who y* 
7th of September died aged 9 months and 8 days, 1736. 

In memory of Mrs. Alice Orae, who died Not. 16, 1776, in the 30th ye«p 
of her age. 

This Stone has something great to leach, 
And whut jou need lo learn, 
For Graves my friends most londly preach, 
Man's Infinite concent. 

Here lyes buried the Body of Deacon Peter Osgood, aged 90 years. 
died September y' 24th, 1753. 

Here lies buried y' body of Mrs. Martha Osgood, the widow of Deacon 
Peter Osgood. She died Sept'. 10th, 1760, in the 92d year of her ago. 

Hephzibah Packer, y° wife of Thomas Packer, aged 25 years and 5 
months, departed tMs Life y' 22d of January, 1684. 

Here lyes buried y' body of Margaret, y' wife of Deliverance Parkmao, 
Aged 24 years. Dec'd March y" 25lh, 1689. 

Here lyes Buried y" body of Mr. Deliverance Parkman, Mercht. Dec"*, 
Nov', the ISlh, 1715, aged 64 years, 3 mo. and 12 days. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Peelo, wife to Mr. Robert Pcele, 
jr. who departed this life August the 6th 1770, Aged 27 years. 

Here lies y* body of Mrs. Mary Peele, wife to Mr. Robert Peele, who 
departed this Life, May y* 4th, 1771, aged 58 years. 



■J 



1849.] Burial Inscriptions in Salem, Mass. 

Here lies buried the body of Mr. Robert Peele, who departed thig life 
April ihe 29th, 1773, aged 60 years. 

Here lyea Interr'd the body of Sarah Peele, who died Decern'. 10th, 

1736. in the 32d year of her age. 

A prudent wife. 

Here lyes y* body of Abigail PiiJtman, wife to Mr. JoeLua Fickman k 
dsnr. to Mr. Nehemiah Willoughby & Abigail his wife, aged 30 years, 
died August y* 24ih. 1710. 

Here lyes buried y* body of Capt. Benjamin Fiekman, Benior, who died 
April y* 26th, 1719, Aged 46 years. 

Here lyeth y' body of Mrs. Elizabeth Fickman, who died Dec'. 19th, 
1727, Aged 77 yews. 

Here lyes Interred tlie body of Mr, Caleb Fickman, who died June 4th, 

1737, (b^g struck with lighlniug,) Aged 22 years. 

Mv times arc in thy hand. 
Kcmembec mj life is wiad. 

Thb etone perpetuates the memory of Mad". Elizabeth Fickman (widow 
or Capt Benjamin Fickman,) aged 56 years, departed this Life March y* 
24th, 1737-8. 

Here lyes buried y' body of Capl. Joshua Fickman, Mariner, Obt. Jan'^. 
24th, 1750, .S:talis 69. 

Here lyeth y* body of John Fratt, who died March y" 12th, 1729-30, in 
the 66th year of his age. ' 

Here lies buried the body of Mrs. Maverick Fratt, who died Jan'^. 23d, 

1763, in the 50th year of her age. 

Here lyeth buried y* body of Samuell Shattock, aged 69 years, who de- 
paHed this life y* 6th day of June, 1689. 

Here lyeth buried y* body of Retire Shattock, aged 27 yearea departed 
Ihia life y* 9lh day of September, 1691. 

Here lies buried y' body of Thomas Smith, bod of Edward Smith, who 
deputed this Life April the llth, 1771, aged 4 years and 3 months, 
now in my childhood i must die, 
luave all my playmates liiid my Io;e, 
hopiuj; lo inberit eternal jojs. 

Here lyeth buried y' body of Robart Stone, Junear. died [ ] 1688, 
^9^1 ] 

Here lyes the Body of Hannah, y' wife of Roliert Slone, aged 29 years 
deceased April 17th, 1G9I. 

Here lyes y* Body of Capl. Benjamin Stone, aged about 38 years, died 
NoTOTi'. 30th, 1703. 

In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth Stone, wife of Mr. Robert Slone, who de- 
prted this Life July the 2d. 1763, in the 76th year of her age. 

lo meinory of Mr. Robert Stone, who departed this l^ife May the 20th, 

1764, in the 77th year of his age. 

Here lyeth buried y' Body of John Swinnerton, Fhis"". deceased y' 6th 
of J«n"'. 1690, in y* 68lh yeare of his age. 

Here lyes y" body of Hannah Swinnerion. widdow of Dr. John Swinner- 
tOQi aged 71 years, died December 23d. 1713. 

Here lyes y* body of Mrs. Mercy Swinnerton, who died Nov. 3d, 1727, 
in y* 44th year of her age. 

Here lyes buried the body of Mr. Isaac Turner, who departed this life, ^ 
Avfniat the 17tb, 1754, aged 62 years. 

Here lieth the body of John Turner, Aged 36 years, who departed this 
Life the 9th of October, in the year of our Lord, 1660. 



n 



at Letter to Rev. Mr. Adamt. [-Apri], 

Here lyeth buried y* body of Hilliard Verrin, aged 63 years. Dec'd- y* 
20th Dec'. 1683. 

- Here lyeth y* body of Sarah Ward, wife to Miles Ward sen', who died 
Nov"", y" 20th, 1728, in y' 59th year of her age. 

Here lyea y" body of Dea. IKlea Ward, who died August 13th, 1761, 
Aged 92 years. 

Here lyea y' body of Elizabeth, wife of Miles Ward, jun'. died IStli 
April, 1737, in her 28th year. Elisabeth, their dan', died April y" llth, 
1737, in her 8th year. Ebenener, their son, died April y" 13th, 1737, aged 
— hours. Anne, their dauir. died May y' 2d, 1737, in her 2d year. Also 
Sarah, daut". of Miles & Elisabeth Ward, died Augs', y" lOth. 1729, Aged 
9 mo. &. 20 days. Abigail, their daug*". died y* 22d of May, 1731, aged 5 

Here lyeth y* body of Deborah Ward, wife to Benjamin Ward, who died 
April y* 6th, 1736, iu y' Sfilh year of her age. 

Here lies the Body of Joshua Ward, Esq., who departed this Life De- 
cember 2d, 1779, in the Slst year of his age. 

Here lies the body of Mrs. Ruth Ward, Relict of the late Joshua Ward, 
Esq. who died Juue'Sth, 1787, in the 74th year of her age. 

Here lyes y* body of Rebekah Whitford. Died April y' 14th, 1744, in 
her 7th year, Beiog williug to die- 
Here lyeth y= body of Deacon Jonathan Willard, died April 7lh, 1773, 
Aged near 49 years. 

Here lyeth y' body of John Wind, who died Oclo"". y* 7th, 1732, in y* 
80th year of his age. 

(To be continoed.] 



LETTER TO REV. MR. ADAM.S, 1737. 

MaKli 37tb, IS49. 
Mr- EditoKj — 

During the day^ of the almost tbeocratical government of New England, 
there were but few changes in the poetry used in divine worship. The in- 
sertion of this original paper in your valuable pages may gratify the curi- 
osity of some of your rtiadcrs, and also serve the student who may search 
for the curious learning in this portion of our ecclesiastical leorniDg. This 
is probably the only copy in existence, and if one historic fact perish, it is 
lost forever. T. 

Rbv. S* 

The New England Version of the Psalms, however usefull it may for- 
merly have been, irnow become through the natural variableness of Lan- 
guage, not only very uncouth, but in many Places unintelligible; whereby 
the mind instead of tteing Raised and spirited in singing The Praises of 
Almighty God, and thereby better prepared to attend the other Parts of 
Divine Service, is Damped and made spiritless in the Peribrmance of the 
Duty 1 at least such is the Tendency of the use of That version, and it be- 
ing the Duty of Christians to make use of the Best helps for the right b 
acceptable performance of Divine Worship and as in Regard to Psalm 
singing there are several versiooa of the Psalma much preferable to that 
Before mentioned, especially the version Mode by Tate & Brady, which hoi 
been lately Rec* by Divers of the Neighbouring Churclies in the Room of 
the New England version. 



1849.] 



First Settlers of Barnstable. 



mUUm Gridley 
John Pierpoint 
William Fierpont 
WilliiUD Heath. 




W"« the subscribers (a number of your Parish) hereby ExpKss our in- 
clioation and desire, that you would propose to the Church and Congrega- 
tiou under Your Cure (in such manner as you Think sutabic) the introduc- 
ing among them of the last Mentioned version : and we would recommend 
ihat Edition (lately Published) to which ig annexed a numbur of Hymiiii, 
suited to sarcramenial Occasions. 

Wc are with Great Esleera 
S' Your Most Humble Servants. 
James Bowdoin 
Ebenezer Dorr 
Sam" Stevens - 
Sam" Gridley 
James Mean 
Sam» WilJiBma 
Jonathan Hall 
William Bosson 
Noah Perrin 
James Mears jim' 
Benjamin Williuma«if 
Joseph Weld I 

Benjamin May 
Ebenezer May 
Isaac Winslow 
Joseph Curliss 
Ebenezer Newell 
John Wiliiiuns 
Joseph Williams 
Eben' Fierpont 
The within is a True Copy of a letter Communicated to the tirat Con-r 
fre^ation in Roxbury on Sep' 1 1* 1737, and agreeable to the Desire therein 
Expressed it was profKwed by the Paster to the Congregation that they 
Take this version into Consideration for a considerable Time at least six or 
Seven weeks, and it was Recommended to them to Read and acquaint 
themselves with this version, and if after having Cin-efully Kead Sc Con- 
ndercd this version any find Cause to object against it the Pastor Desires 

fmay be Timely informed of it. 
attest 
Amos Adams. 



To the Rev'' M' Adams 



FIRST SETTLERS OF BARNSTABLE. 
[Commnnicated by Ma. David Haudlbit. — Ckintinued ftom p. 8".| 



JOBKPB Hdll m. Experience Harper, Oct, 1G76; child, Truslraro, b. 8 
Ogl. 1677. 

Klkahah Hamblen m. Abigail Hamblen, 13 April, 1711; children, 
Syl¥anaB,b. 20 July. 1712; Reuben, 13 March, 1714; Abigail. 17 Oct, 
1716; John. 2 Nov.. 1717; Rachel. 7 Sept., 1720, d. 1722; Patience, 12 
June, 1721; Tabitha. 14 April, 1723. Abigail, the wife of Elkanah Ham- 
blen, d. 29 May, 1733. and be m., for his second wife, Margaret Bates of 
Ae»WHm, 9 June, 1734. 

• Qaerj, * or 1 1? 




f 



184 First Settles of Barnstable. [Apil, 



James Hahslen, Jr. tn. Maty, dau. of John Dunham, 20 Nov., IGGi; 
children, Mary, b. 24 July, 1664; Elizabeth, 13 Feb., 1665; Eleawr and 
Experience. 12 April, 1668; James, 26 Aug., 1669; Jonathan, 3 March, 
1670-1 ; 8 child, 28 March, 1672, d. 7 April, 1672; Ebcnezer, 29 Jnly. 
1674; Elisha. 15 March, 1676-7, d. 30 Dec, 1677; Hope. 13 Murcb, 
1679-80; Job, 13 Jan., 1681; John, 12 Jan., 1683; Elkanah, no dale; 
Benjamin, baptized 1685. Mrs. Maiy Hamblen, wife of the above Jamea, 
d. 19 Dec. 1715. le. 73. 

James Hamblen. Jr. m. Ruth Lewis, S Oct, 1690; children, Mary, b. 
24 June. 1691; Ruth, 25 Jan., 1692; James, 17 July. 1696; Benjamin. 8 
Nov, 1702. d. 23 Jan.. 1732; David. June, 1708, d. 4 Nov.. 1732; Han- 
nah. 17 June, 1709, d. 7 Nov., 1735; Job, 25 June, 1711, d. 28 Sepi^ 
1732; Deliverance, no date. 

Jonathan Hamblen m. Esther Hamblen, 6 March, 1705; children. 
Solomon, b. 5 Dec. 1705; Content, 12 Dec. 1707; PrisciUa, 13 July, 
1709; Zacbeiii<, 17 June, I7U ; Jabes, baptized 13 July, IdS; Jonathaii, 
baptized 13 July, 1718; Sarah, baptized 13 July, 1718; Josiah. b. 16 Oct. 
1720. d. 1 March. 1789, a. G9. Mr. Jonathan Hamblen d. 22 June, 1743, 
le 74. His wife, Esther, d. 1 Sept. 1746, ie 69. 

Dea. Ebenezer Hamblen m. Sarah Lewes. 4 April, 1698, d. in Shar- 
on, Conn., 1755; children, Ebcnezer. b. 18 March, 1698-9; Mercy, 10 
Sept. 1700; Hopeatill, 23 July. 1702; Corneiiua, 13 June, 1705; ThomM, 
G May, 1710; Isaac, 1 July, 1714; Lewis.' 31 Jan.. 1718-19. 

Eleazck Hamdlbn ra. Mehitable Jenkins. Oct. 1676 ; children, luuic. 
b. 20 Aug., 1676; Joseph, 20 Nov., 1680, d. 27 Aug., 1766; Mehitable. 
28 March, 1682 ; Shubal, 16 Sept., 1695 ; Elisha, baptized 30 July, 1685; 
lehabod, baptized May, 1687. 

Isaac Hamblen m. Elizabeth Howland, 14 Sept., 1693; children. 
Eleazer, b. 22 Aug., 1699; Isaac, no date, baptized 20 July, 1701 ; Joseph, 
4 June, 1702, (deacon) d. in Yarmouth. 19 Jan.. 1777; Elizabeth, Oct., 1705. 

Joseph Hamblen m. Mercy Howland, 27 April, 1704, d. 27 Aug., 
1766, ffi. 86; children. Alice, b. 4 Feb, 1705 ; Setb, March, 1708; Samb, 
4 April, 1711 ; Joseph, 10 March, 1715, d. 8 Aug., 1767 ; Southward, 21 
May, 1731,d. 13 Jan.. 1766 

John Hamblen ra. Sarah Bearse, Aug., 1667; children, Melaliah, b. 1 
July, 1668; Priscilla, 30 April, 1G70; Sarah, 1 July, 1671 ; Martha, 16 
Feb.. 1672; Experience, 16 April, 1674; Hannali, 16 Feb., 1675; Ester, 
17 March. 1677 ; Thankful, Oct., 1679. d. Oct, 1683 ; John, 10 March, 
1080; Ebenezer, 12 May, 1683; Abigail, 25 April, 1685; Benjamin, II 
Feb.. 1686. 

Benjamin Hamblen m. Hope Huckins, 29 May, 1709, d. 1718; chil- 
dren, Rebecca, b. 17 May, 1711 ; Hannah, no date, baptized July. 1714 ; 
Benjamin.no date, baptized IS Nov., 1716; Hope, no date, baptized 31 
Aug., 1718. 

Shobal Hamblen m. Eleanor Winslow of Harwich, 25 March, 1719; 
children, Jeruaha. b. 4 May. 1722 -, Shobal. 20 Sept. 1724 ; Eleanor, 18 
Oct, 1726; Joshua, 21 Aug.. 1728; Mehitable, 4 Dec, 1730; Elenor, 15 
April, 17S3; Lydia, 15 Nov., 1735. 

Bartholomew Hamblen ra. Susannah Dunham. 20 Jan., 1G73, d. 24 
April, 1704. IB. 63; children, Samuel, b. 25 Dec, 1674; Mercy, 1 June, 
1677; Patience. 15 April, 1680; Susanna, 16 March, 1682; Experience, 



1*49.] I^Tgt Settleri of Barnstable. 135 

18 Feb, 1684! John, 19 June, 1686, d. 2G April, 1705; Ebenezer. 23 
Ibrcfa. 1689; Mary, 23 May, 1691 ; Belhiab, 26 Nov., IG93; Relianco, 
» Not, 1 696. 

Ebbnszeb Bauiilen m. Thankful Childs, 25 OcL, 1722; child, Eliza- 
bcA, b. 1 Oct, 1723. 

ISKAEt. HiMBLEK m. Abigail ; chilclren, a child, b. 1687, d. 1687 ; 

Tbuikful, 24 Aug., 16Hd: Prudence, Oct., 1692; Israel, 15 March, 1694; 
Joseph. 12 Sept., 1697; Jemima, 15 Aug., 1699. 

Mr. Israel Hamblen, sen., m., for his second wife, Jemima ; chil- 

Jreu. Jacob, 28 May, 1702; Ann, 10 April, 1706. 

£bexe7EB Hamblen m. Thankfiil Hamblen, May 11, 1710 ; children, 
b. Feb., 1711, d. seven weeks after; Gershom, 19 July. 1713; 
fill, 6 Aug., 1715; Nathan, 29 June, 1717; Ebenezer, 26 Nor., 
; ft danghler. Sept., 1720, d. 1720; Samuel. 7 Jan., 1722; Dorcas, 
■ mw, 1727; Timothy, 3 Sept., 1728; Elizabeth. 20 Nov., 1730; Daniel. 
3 April, 1735. 

[IVadition says that James Hamblen, one of the first settlers of Bamsta- 
Ue, was a brother of Uon, Giles Hamlin, one of the first settlers of Middle- 
town, Cu, and Iliat he first came to Barnstable with his brother before going 
to Uiddletawn. — D. H.] 

JOHH HiKKLEY, Jr. m. Thankful Trot, 1 May, 1691 ; children. John, b. 
29 Uarch. 1692, d. 24 Aug., 1094; Mary, 24 Feb., 1694; Abiah, 24 
M»ch, 1696; Thankful. 14 July, 1699; John, 17 Feb., 1701 ; James, 9 
May, 1704. 

Ebexezer Hi»i£let m. Mary Stooe, Nov., 1706, at Sudbury; child, 
Ricbel, b. 1 Nov., 1707. 

JoHH HiKKLEr m. Mary Goodspeed, 24 Nov. 1697, 

Samuel, son of Thomas Hinkley, m. Sarah Pope, 13 Nov., 1C7C; chil- 
irm, Mary, b. 22 July. 1678; Mebiiable. 28 Dec, 1679; Thomas. 19 
March, 1680-1 ; Sclh, 16 April, 1683; Samuel, 24 Sept., no year; Elna- 
iJum, 8 Sept, no year; Job, 16 Feb, 1687-8; Sliobal, 1 May, 1690; 
Mercy, 11 Jan., 1692-3; Josiah, 24 Jan., 1694-5; Elnathan, 29 Dec, 
1S98. 

Samcei. HiNKLETm. Mary Goodgpeed. 14 Dec, 1664; children, Ben- 
jamin, b. C Dec, 1666, Wife Mary d. 20 Dec, 1666, and he m, second 
wife, Mary Filtsrandle, 15 Jan., 1668; children, Samuel, b. 6 Feb., 1669, 
i 3 Jan., 1676; Joseph, 15 May, 1672; Isaac, 20 Aug., 1674; Mary. 
May, 1677, d. 15 June, 1679 ; Mercy, 9 April, 1679 ; Ebenezer, 2 Aug., 
1685; Thomas. 1 Jan., 1688-9. 

Benjamin HiNKLBTm. Sarah Cob. 27 Dec, 1686; children, Benjamin, 
b.18 July, 1694; Mary, 3 Oct, 1696; Sarah, 12 Juno, 1696, probably 
1697; Nathaniel, 30 June, 1698; Mercy, 1 Sept.. 1704. 

■losBPH HiMKLET m. Mary Gorham, 21 Sept., 1699; children, Mercy, - 
b. 17 Aug, 1700; Joseph. 6 Jlny, 1702; Mary. 25 Feb., 1703-4; Sara- 
11(1,24 Feb., 1705-6; Tliankful, 9 June, 1708; Abigail. 30 Oet..tl710i 
EGi^ieth, 4 Jan., 1712-13; Hannah, 10 June, 1715; John. 16 Nov., 
1717; Isaac, 31 Oct., 1719. 

Erkrezer HiNKLET m. Sarah Lewes, 17 June, 1711 ; children, Eben- 
«er. b. 10 SepL. 1712; Daniel. 8 July, 1714. d. 8 Aug., 1714; a son, 24 
Sept., 1715, A. 27 Sept, 1715; Thomas, 27 July, 1717; Susannah, Ifi 
April, 1720; Samuel, 7 Sept., 1727; Mary, 12 April, 1729. 

Jonir HiHKLET m, Bethiah Lathrop, July, 1068, d. 7 Dec, 1709. Be- 
Uiiah Lathrop d. 10 July, 1694; children, Sarah, b. Mav, 1669; Samuel. 2 
Feb., 1670; Bethiah. March, I67S.d. 2 April. 171.1 : Hfinnnh, May. 1675; 



I 



First SeUlern of BamHable. [April, 



Jonathan, 15 Feb., 1677; Ichabod. 28 Aug., lC80j Gershom, 2 April, 
1682. 

Samuel, son of Ensign John Hinkley, m. ; children, John, b. 

28 July, 1700; Martha, 8 March, 1701. 

Ichabod Hinklby m. Mary Goodspeed, 7 J.an.. 1702 : children, Mary, 
b. 27 March, 1704, d. 2 March, 1718 ; John, 4 Jan., 1710-11, d. Feb., 
1710-11; Benjamin, 19 June. 1707; David, 1 March, 1709; John, 7 
March, 1712 ; Ebenezer, 7 July, 1714 ; Thankful, 1 Aug., 1716 ; Mary, 
26 Sept. 1718. Wife Mary d. 1 Oct., 1719, and he m. second wife, Mary 
Basset, by whom he had one child. Thankful, b. 2 Dec, 1723. 

Job Hinklby m. Sarah Liimbart, 15 Nor., 1711 ; children, Hannah, b. 
23 Nov., 1713; Huldah, 26 Dee., 1715. 

Isaac Howlakd m. Ann Tayler, 27 Dec. 1686 ; children, Ebeneeer, 
h. 7 Sept., 1687 ; Isaac, 3 July, 1689 ; Mary, Oct., 1691 ; Ann, Dec, 16tl4. 
John, 2 Feb., 1696 ; Joseph. 31 July, 1702. 

James Howxand m. Mary Lothrop, 8 Sept., 1697. 

Shobal Howland ra. Mercy Blossom, 13 Dec, 1700 ; children, Jabez, 
b. 16 SepL, 1701 J Mercy, 21 May, 1710 ; Zaccheus, no dale. 

John Howland, Jk., ra. ; children, Goorge, b. 30 Dec, 

1705; Hannah, 2 Feb., 17(l8; Mary, 11 Aug., 1711; Joiuinah, 8 Jan., 
1715. By his second wife, Mary Crocker, John, b. 13 Feb , 172(^1 ; Job, 
June, 1726. 

JohnHdckens m, Hope Chipman, 10 Aug., 1070, d. 10 Nov., 1678, «. 
29; children, Elizahelh. h. 1 Oct.. 1671; Mary, 3 April, 1G73; Exi«- 
rience, 4 June, 1675 ; Hope, 10 May, 1C77. 

Thomas Huckens ra. Hannah Chipman, 1 May, 1680; children, Han- 
nah, b. 6 April, 1681, d. 29 Oct., 1698; Joseph, 6 Oct., 1682; Mary, 13 
June, 1684; John, 4 May, 1686; Thomas, 15 Jan, 1G87-8; Hope, 21 
SepL, 1689; James, 20 Aug.. 1691; Samuel, 19 Aug., 1693; Jabez, 20 
July, 1696, d. June, 1699. Married second wife, Widow Sarah Hinkley, 
17 Aug., 1698; Hannah, b, 22 Aug., 1G99. Mra. Hannah Chipman, first 
wife of Thomas, died 4 Nov., 1690. k. 87. 

John Hawes m. Desire, dau. of Capl. John Gorham, 7 OtI., 1661. 

JoBX Jenkins m. .; children, Mehitabie, b, 25 Sept., 1694 ; 

Samuel. 15 July, 1697; Phillip. 26 July, 1G99; Joseph, 13 Aug., 1701; 
Both, 1704, Mr. John Jenkins died 8 July, 1736. 

JoBF.i'ii Jenkins m. Lydia Howland, Oct., 1694: children, Abigail, b. 
July. 1693; Bathshuah, July, 1096; Ann, May, 1701; Joseph, 29 Feb., 
1703; Lydia,30 June, 1705; Benjamin, 30 June, 1707; Reliance, 6 April, 
1709. 

Thomas Jenkins m. Experience Hamblen, 24 Aug, 1G87; children, 
Thankful, b. 19 May, 1691 ; Experience. 28 March. 1C93 ; Mercy. 5 Jan., 
lC9r.: Ebenezer, 5 Dec, 1097; Samuel, 7 Jan., 1699-1700; Joaiah, 16 
April, 1702; Hope, 5 July. 1704; Sarah, 1 Dec, 1706. 

Jedediah Jones m. Hannah Davis, 18 March, 1081 ; children. Shobal, 
b. 17 July, 1683; Simon, 5 April. 1685; Isaac, April, 1690; Timothy, 
May, 1692; Hannah, Sept., 1694. , 

Matthew Jokes m. Mercy Goodspeed, 14 Jan., 1094 [probably 1084;] 
children, Benjamin, b. 5 Jan., 1690; Ralph. 5 Jan., 1602: Eiperier 
March, 1G97 ; Josiah. 14 June, 1702 ; Ebeneier, June, 1706. 

Adam Jones m, Mary Baker, 26 Oct., 1699. 

John Jones m. ; children, Abigail, b. 18 Jan., 1698-9; 

Mercy, July, 1700 ; John, 12 Feb., 1703. 

tTo be coniinnod.] 



I 1819 



1M9.] Early Phyeidam of Marietta, Ohio. 



(GRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE EARLY PHYSICLiNS 

OF MARIETTA, OHIO. 
JBj S. P. HiLuaBTH, M. D., of Mariell*, Member of N. E. Hist. Gcncal. Soc. 



DOCTOR WILLIAM B. LEONARD 
Th bom in Lonilon, in [lie year 1737. Liille or nothing is known of his 
(•riy life. He wai bred a surgeon and became an associule of Apotheea- 
ries* Hall, as appeat^ from a diploma which he had set in a frame under 
gUsi and kept liung up in his rciom. When in the prime of life he served 
ts a surgeon in the British navy, and at the time of liis emigration to Amer- 
ica, one of hiii eons was a lieutenant in the game service. About the year 
1794, having lost Lis wife, lie decided on removing lo iha United State?, 
and be concerned in a woollen factory. For this purpose lie clandestinely 
pidced up tbe machinery and put it on hoard the vessel in which lie had 
engaged his passage. Before he sailed it was discovered by the officers of 
ihe customs, and being a contraband article prohibited by the laws of Kng- 
luid lo be transported out of the realm, he was arrested and confined for 
tome lime in prison. Being finally discharged, he came to America abont 
the year 1797. The following year he was practising hia profession in 
Kewburyport, Mass., when; he again married ; hut hia wife dying soon af- 
ter, be moved to Marietta in 1801, and boarded in Ilie family of Mr. William 
Uonltoo, who was a naiive of the former town, and one of the earliest sel- 
llew at ihe mouih of the Muskingum. Here he again renewed the prac- 
tice, and in 1802 married Lydia Moulion, the maiden daughter of his land- 
ktrd. He appears to have been a skilful surgeon, but was rough and 
toane in his manners and language, retaining the habits acquired in his 
ural service, at a period when profanity and rudeness occupied the place 
of tbe genteel manners of the present day. Fie still retained and kept up 
Oie fashion of the showy dresses, such as prevailed in the days of Queen 
Elixabeili, which in the backwoods of Ohio excited the curiosity of a pco- 
lile accustomed to the most simple attire. Ha was thin and spare ifl , 
penon, with very slender legs, on the borders of old ago. His favorite cos- 
tume was a blue broadcloth coat trimmed with gold lace, and enormous gilt 
trtittoas, a waistcoat of crimson velvet, with large pocket flaps, and small 
dothea of the same material, a pair of silk or worsted stockings dra«n over 
hi* slender le^. with large silver buckles at the knees and in his shoes. 
On his head he wore a full flowing periwig, of which he had sis or eight 
wieties. crowned with a three cornered or cocked beaver hat. Over ibe 
whole, when be appeared in the street, unless the weather was very hot, ho 
wore s large scarlet colored cloak. This dress, with his gold headed caile. 
klvays called forth the admiration and wonder of the boys, who followed' 
dose in his train, and were often threatened with his displeasure in not very 
ciril language. When travelling on horseback to visit his patients, he nxla 
k eoal black steed with long flowing mane and tail, the saddle and trappings 
of which were as antiquated and showy as his own dress. The shop fumi* 
tare, surgeon's instruments, skeletons, and hooka he brought out with him. 
were as odd and ancient as himself. The writer of this article has preserved 
MTeral of titem as curious relics of this singular man. Amongst them is a 
mall quarto volume, printed at London in the old black letter, in the year 
1563. It is entitled "The Secrets of Master Alexis of Piemont," and is 
filed with curious recipes in the artti, with odd, fanciful remedies for varioua 



^ 



Early Fhyeiciant of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

diseases, such rb were in use ihree hundred jekin ago. He died or a con- 
Buraption, in I80G, aged C9 jenre. On a copper pUle prepared before his 
deatl) with Builable blanks, and attached to liid tomb-stone, is engraved the 
following quaint lines: 

" Fricn'] 1 for Jmos' sake forhciir 

To loiirh die dust enrioaed licre; 

Bl«t K tlie mail Ihiii spnrp« lliii urn, 

And ho 'a aknnvc thai iiiovgb mj lioiiel." 



DOCTOR JOHN BAPTISTE RKGNIER 
"Was bom in the city of Paris, in the jear 17C9. His father was "a No- 
taire," or writer for the courts of law, while his mollier kept a small slore 
for fancy goods, which the French are famous for exiiibiiing in the most 
tasteful manner. She was a very beautiful woman, dressing in the neatest 
style of fashion, to be in keeping with her employment, and the mother of 
nine children, seven sons and two daughters. John Duptiste was the oldest 
of the eons, and named for his fniher. He received a good education, but 
slndied chiefly architecture and drawing, inlonding (o follow the former as 
a profession. He also attended courses of lectures on various scientiRc sub- 
jects, but more especially that of medicine, which his fine memory stored up 
as a useful treasure in after life. Born and eilueaied ndmidst the elegances 
and ease of Paris, little did he (hen think of thetrinls and vieis^'tludeB which 
awaited him in after years. The convulsions which agitated France during 
the period of the Revolution had commenced their movements on the sur- 
face of society in (he autumn of 1780. His father was a good loyalist and 
sided with the crown, as did all his sons who wore old enough to act. In 
1790 the young men were called upon to enrol themselves in the ranks of 
the reformers, but as this was not in accordance with their feelings, their 
father collected all the ready money he could command and sent his sons 
out of the country. The only safety for the orderiy citizens was lo flee, 
and thus were eiipalrialed a large number of ihe best families of France. 
John Bapliste, th(>n in his twentieth year, rilh his little brother Mudeste, 
in hia fourteenth year, joined the company of emigrnnls who hnd purchased 
lands of Joel Barlow, and embarked for the United States in February, 
from the port of Havre; while his brother Francis, aged 18, and Benjamin, 
about IG, sailed for the island of St. Domingo. After their deparuire the 
lawless Jacobins, treating every one ns enemies who were not ojienly on 
their side, plundered their falher's house and shop of every thing niovotile, 
destroying what they could not carry away. His life was spared, but lie 
was left in wretchedness and want. Some years after, when Napoleon had 
restored order by his iron sway, two of the brolhers returned and served 
under that noted man in his German and Russian campaigns, and settled 
in Paris, where tlieir descendants now live. Early in Uay. 1790, he land- 
ed in Alexandria with his little brotlier and the other emigranls, this port 
being nearer the Ohio river than any other, and reached Marieila Ihe IGlh 
October following, after many delays and hindrances. Doctor Lamoine was 
in Ihe same shiji, but settled in Wa-ihlngton, Fa. Alter a few days tlia 
emigranta again embarked in boats procured for them by Mr. Ducr of New 
York, the agent of llie Scioto Land Company, who also supplier] them wilh 
'One year's provisions, as Btipulatod in their contract for lands. They landed 
on the right bank of the Ohio, at a point a lilllc below the nioulh of the Dig 
Kcnawha river, supposed to be the upper end of their porchnse, and found- 
ed a town which they called Gallipoii*, or Ihe French city. Here he passed 



1 



Early Physicians of Marietta, Ohio. 1D9 

the wint«r and boilt for himself and brother a BmnTI frame housp, which was 
the first and only one erected that winter, the olhera being made of logs. 
The next summer was occupied in culling away the forest trees which cov- 
ered the site of the new city. They were of immense growth, and the 
whole season was busily occupied in clearing and fencing about an acre of 
ground; a task which a backwoodsman familiar with the use of the Rxe 
woald have accomplished in four or five weeks. By this time they had as- 
eertaioed Uiat the Scioto Company could give them no title to ihcir lands, 
and they were left in the wildemesB without a home. The year had also 
expired in which they were to be supplied with pit>vi8iong, and want stared 
them in the tiice. An arrangement was finally made with the directors of 
the Ohio Company, by which the site covered by this town was secured to 
theqt, and eubscqueully Congress, commiserating their losses, with a mag- 
nanitoity creditable lo the United Slates, granted ihem a tract of twcnly- 
foar thousand acres on the Ohio river in Scioto county, making a good farm 
for «very family. Under these dieheartening circumstances, a large portion 
of them having spent all their money, and the Indian war breaking out, 
many of ihem k(t the settlement for Kaskaskia and other towns in the west. 
Bis little brother Alodeste, who looked up to him as a father, had imbibed 
Mich a dread of the Indians that he did not cease to importune him until he 
decided on leaving the place and going lo New York. Towards the last of 
February, 1792, they embarked in a large pcrogue with a small party who 
joined them, and proceeded up stream for Pittsburgh. Being little acquaint- 
ed with water emft, their progress was slow. Near the head of BuRinglon'a 
Island, in passing round a fallen tree top, their vessel upset. All their pro- 
vistons and clothing were lost, while they barely escaped with their lives lo 
tbe shore. Among the other effects of the unfortunate Regnier then lost in 
the Ohio, was a curioasly wrought octagonal cylinder, of black marble, made 
with mathemntical accuracy, eight or ten inches long and one in diameter, 
manufactured in Paris. Several years after this curious stone was found 
on the head of a sand bar some distance below, and presented to an enslem 
mnscum as a relic of that singular but unknown race who huilt the mounds 
and earthworks in the valley of the Ohio. The spot where they were 
wrecked was many miles from any settlement, and no bo.it to he procured ; 
the rest of their jouruey was performed on foot. They suffered much for 
food, and were all nearly poisoned by eating the seeds of decayed Papaws, 
which resemble a large bean. The party finally reached Pittsburgh, and 
after resting a few days, crossed the mountains and proceeded on lo New 
York. Not finding employment here he went by water lo Newfoundland, 
where there was a French settlement. How he was occupied while here 
i* unknown. In 1794 he returned again lo New York, and was employed 
by Denjamin Walker, the proprietor of a large body of land in the eleventli 
township of ihe military tract, lying on the C«-ne-Be-wae-ta creek. It was 
the more agreeable as a small settlement of French families hud been al- 
ready commenced. Fortune, which had so long frowned on all his attemple 
at making a living, now seemed to relent For three years in a land of 
Mraogers, with an imperfect knowledge of Iheir langua^, destititle of all 
things but his head and his hands wherewith to procure a support for him- 
self and brother, he was many times tempted In give up in despair, and 
ceaw any fuither straggles for exisience. But his buoyant French heart 
enabled him to resist sueh thoughts, and kept him afloat in tke wide sea of 
life. His business now was to explore the lands of that wilderness region 
and sell them to actual settlers. He had also lo superintend the erection of 
mills on the creek, for which his architectural studies had well prepared 



i 



Early Pliysiciam of Marietta, Ohio, [April, 

him. Having manj men under his care, who were often wounded with 
their edge tools in addition lo the sicknesa which attends all new settlements 
in ihe summer and autumn, his medical knowledge was dailj called into 
active service, as he was the onlj man in a distance of thirty or forty miles 
who had any skill in medicine. It was, however, a work of necessity and 
mercy, as he had not at that time any expectation of following this profession 
for a living, or even dreamed of the jrapularity and fame that awaited his 
future life, when he was to become a physician in Ohio. A store of mer- 
chandise was also placed under his care by Mr. 'Walker, of which he re- 
ceived a portion of the profits. Potash was largely manufactured in the 
new settlements, and taken in exchange for goods. This was sold at an 
advance in New York, and his gains increased rapidly in the course of two 
rears. In 179G he married a Miss Content Chamberlain of Unadilla, N. 
Yi, whoso father kept a public house, and with her had become acquaint- 
ed in his journeys to New York. In the year 1800 he exchanged his 
profits in the store for a drove of horses, which was sold to a dealer in Lou- 
isburgh, N. Y., who failed to make payment. This loss, together with that 
of a debt in the city for five hundred dollars, made him a bankrupt, and left 
him ns destitute of worldly goods as he was afler his shipwreck on the Ohio, 
in 1792. He now had a wife and two children to provide for, aud must 
make one more effort for u living. A lingering desire to see once more the 
beautiful shores of the Ohio, on which he had labored and suffered w 
much, still continued to liaunt his imagination; and more especially his 
brother Modesle, now arrived at manhood, never ceased to importune 
him to return. Having now no means of commencing agnin in merchiui- 
disc, although while he remnmcd in Louisburgh a kind-hearted Parisian 
had employed hira in a store, he finally concluded to enlarge his stock of 
knowledge in the healing art by studying a year under his friend. Doctor 
Lamoine of Washington, Pa. The larger portion of the year 1802 was 
passed in diligent applieatioa with that eccentric teacher, and witnessing his 
practice at the bedside. He now returned to hb wife and children, whom 
lie had left with her father at Unadilb, and eoou after decided on moving 
to Ohio. After a wearisome journey across the mountains to Wheeling, he 
embarked on the river and landed at Marietta, in November, 1803. Mon- 
sieur Tliiery, an honest bnker of bread and one of the French emigrants, 
offered him for a home a hundred acres iif hind on Duck creek, nine miles 
from the Ohio, in the present township of Fearing, which he purchased on 
a credit aud moved immediately out. The country at this time was in a 
manner a wilderness, with here and there a settler along the borders of the 
creeks, without roads or bridges ; but he was young and in the vigor of 
manhood, determined to do all be could for the support of his family. A 
log cabin wae soon erected hy the aid of ilie neighbours, who were always 
ready to assist any one who came among them. It was soon spread through 
the country that the new settler was "a French doctor," and as there was 
no one of this calling within a circuit of twenty or thirty miles, except in 
Marietta, he was directly employed hy the sick in all directions. Being n 
very active pedestrian, be for several montlis visited his patients who were 
within sis or eight miles distance on fool, travelling at the rale of four or 
five mites an hour, the speed of an ordinary horse. This course was pur- 
HUed until, in addition to other expenses, he had earned enough lo purchase 
a horse without incurring a debt During the first years of his settlement 
on the creek there was nn unusual amount of sickness, especially of bilious 
fever, in the treatment of which he was eminently successful, rarely losing 
n patient. Tlicre were also many cnsc-s of surgery, wounds from axes, and 



1849.] Earli/ Phyaidans of Marietta, Ohio. 141 

fraclnred limbs, which he ilressed in ihe neale^t and most rapid manner. 
There was one case so singular that it is worth preserving, of a man who 
TttA thought to be mortally injured from a faUiug tree, which caught him 
under the extreme branches, bmising his flesh all over as if whipped with 
a thousand rods. So many blows pamllzed the heart and rendered him as 
cold as a dead man. The doctor immediately ordered a large sheep to he 
killed and the skin stripped ha.itilj off, wrapping the naked body of the man 
in the hot, moist covering of the animal. The effect was like a cliai-m on 
the patient, removing all the bruises and the soreness in a few hours. So 
great was his success in treating diseases, that in one or two years he was 
often called to advise with (he physicians of Marietta in difficult cases. In 
1806 the profits of his business enabled him to afford pecuniary aid to his 
brother Francis, who had been forced to leave the island of St Domingo, 
and was now living in great deslitution in the city of Baltimore. So con- 
Eiderable was this aBsisiancc that it enabled him to cAlabliEh himself again 
in merchaTidisc. In 1809 his brother cnme out to Ohio and proposed to 
enter into partnership with him in a store at Marietta. As there was no 
opportunity for educating his children in the country, he consented lo the 
cb&nge. In Angust, during the journey the doctor had to make to Wheel- 
ing on account of the goods for the store, his brother Modesle, who had 
been married for some time and lived on the same farm, was attacked with 
the epidemic fever which prevailed that summer all over the country from 
the falls of the Ohio to Wheeling. In many places it was very fatal, es- 
pecially in Marietta. On his return he found him in the last sisge of 
the disease, and in a day or two after he died. The shock of his death 
quite overwhelmed the doctor, especially as he thought had he l>een at 
borne he could hare saved liim, and for some days he neglected all busi- 
ness, lo mourn for his dear departed brother. In February, 1808, he gave 
np the farm and moved into Marietta, entering into partnership with Fran- 
cis in the sale of merchandise, for which his former experience, polite, agree- 
able manners, and handsome person emincnlly fitted him. His reputation 
already established as a skilful physician, was welt known to the inhabitants 
of Marietta, and he was oflen called on to attend them in sickness, which, 
with the demands made sn him from his old patrons in the country, kept 
biin coDslanttf employed. In the autumn of 1808 his brother became dis- 
satisfied with the amount of sales, and with the doctor's consent moved the 
merchandise to the town of St, Genevieve, in the newly acquired territory 
of Upper Louisiana. Soon aAer (his he purchased a drug store and added 
the sale of medicine to his other business. Success attended all his endeav- 
ors, and his wealth increased in full ratio with his family, which finally em- 
braced six sons and a daughter. About the year 18H, he enlarged his 
possessions iu town by the purchase of a city square, which he immediately 
commenced improving by planting fruit trees and laying out a large flower 
garden ornamenlcd with arbors and walks, for which his fine taste peculiar- 
ly fitted him. So long as tins garden remained in his possession it far ex- 
celled all others in town. It was a model from which divers individuals 
highly improved their own, and ultimately implanted a permanent taste for 
Ibis refining art to the citizens of Marietta. He was an original member of 
the first incorporated medical society of Ohio, in 1812, and remained a use- 
ful associate until the li£ae of his death. In 1818 he was elected by the 
people one of the county commissioners, and assisted in drafting Ihe model 
for the court house built in 1822. In May, 1819, he sold bis property in 
town to Doctor Cotton, and purchased three hundred and twenty acres of 
OongNM laiHls on Duck creek, twenty-two miles from Mariettn, and moved 



142 £arlif Phyiidan* of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

out Ilia family. To tliis change be was partly led on account of the Dumlx r 
of Lis eona, whom he wi^ed lo cslablUh on farms, together with a desire of 
conductiag iraprovementd on a larger scale for the benefit of the counliy. 
During the following year he built a flouring and saw mill, with a brick 
dwelling house, wliile tlirough his influence greater improvements in roada 
and bridges were accomplished in that time thun in len previous yeara. 
The adjacent country was corered with a forest, but the soil was rich, and 
in a few years not a quarter section remaiued without a family, so great an 
impulse had his name and character given to the settlement. When he left 
Marietta his intention was to quit the practice of medicine and devote his 
time to the farm ; but the inhabitants lur and near ceased not to importune 
him to assist them with his well known skill in their sicknesses, to whicb his 
innate kindness of heart could not aay nay. Worn down witli the cares of 
his impnivemenis and an extensive practice, he in August, 1821, was at- 
tacked with a bilious remittent, then prevailing in that vicinity, which as- 
sumed the congestive type and destroyed hia life in a few days, while in bis 
My-aecond year, and in the midst of his usefulness. In person Dr. Regn- 
ier was of a medium height with a stout, active frame, features well formed, 
full blue eyes, and a countenance expressive of benignity and intelligence. 
His bead was tinely formed, and becoming early bald, gave him an appear- 
ance of age beyond his years. Close observation and accurate disorimioa- 
lion of all the phases and shades of diseases gave him wonderful tact in 
prognosis, tlie base of all succesefut practice, while his knowledge of the 
proper remedies rendered him very ifueeessful in their application. His 
colloquial powers were unrivalled, and at the bedside his cheerful conver- 
sation, aided by the deep interest be actually felt in the welfare of the sick, 
with bis kind, delicate manner of imparling his instructions, always lei\ bis 
patients belter than he found them, and formed a lasting attachment to his 
person in all who fell under his care. His death was lamented as a seri- 
ous calamity, and no physician in this region of country has since fully filled 
the place he occupied in the public estimation. 

His children are yet living and rank amongst our best citizens. Two of 
them are physicians, and the others engaged in merchandise. 

DOCTOK SAMTJEf, PREacOT HILHRETH 
Was the eon of Doctor Samuel Hildreth, and born in the [own of Metbucn, 
Essex counly, Massachusetts, the 30th of Sept., 1783. The old mansion 
house stands about a mile north of the present manufacturing lawn of Law- 
rence, on [he river Merrimac. The great ancestor of all of this name in 
Massachusetts was Richard Ilildrelb. It is uncertain in what year he em- 
igrated from England, but his name is found amongst a company of twenty 
men from the towns of Wohum and Concord, who petitioned the General 
Court of Massachusetts Bay, in the year 1652, "for a tract of land lying on 
the west side of Concord, or Mus-ke-ta-quid river," where the petitiooerv 
fay "they do Gnd a very comfortable place lo accommodate a company of 
Gol* people n])on." The petition was granted, and a settlement founded, 
which proved to be very prospei-ous. From the date on an old grave-slonc 
Standing a few years since in the burying-g round, it is ascertained that he 
was born in the year 1612. The subject of this brief sketch was of the 
sixth generation from Richard the progenitor. His early life, until he whs 
fifteen years old, was passed on a farm, in the labors of which he actively 
engaged, thereby acquiring the habit of industry and laying the ibundation 
of a vigorous, healthy frame of body for after life. 



1849.] EarU/ Physicians of Marutta, OMo. 143 

The amoseiDents of the youth of ihat period were all of the allilelic kind, 
Mch as running, leaping, and wrestling, promoting still further the develop- 
ment of the muscular system. When a email bo; a taste foe reading wns 
imbibed Anm a social library established in the town at an early day, whiL-h 
remained a. durable babit. After receiving as good an education an llic; 
■cbooln of the town afl'brded, he wag sent to Phillips' Academy in Andover, 
then under the care of that veteran tenclier Mark Newman, Esq., Tcbose 
name U yet venerated by hundreds in the United Stales who received the 
benefit of his sa^, initructione. He here commenced the study of Latin. 
Four seasons being spent at this and the Franklin Academy in the north 
parish, he was prepared in the languages and other branches for entering 
oollegc. Ihelead of completing a college course, he, however, entered on the 
itndy of medicine under the instruction of Doctor Thomas Ki I tredge of An- 
dover, who stood at the head of his proft^ssion in that part of the state es a 
sui^eon, aod had constantly a number of pupils under his care. More than 
a year was devoted to school teaching, chiefly in Andover and Bradford, as 
was common to the young men of, limiti^d menns who studied a profession, 
and wu time proHtably bestowed in the improvement of their own faculties 
as well as those of the scholars. Afler the usual period of study he attend- 
ed a course of medical lectures at Cambridge University, and received a 
diploma from tbe Medical Society of Massachusetts, in February, 1805. In 
Hay following he commenced the practice of medicine in Hempctead, N. 
H., boarding in the family of John True, Esq , whose brother, Dr. Jubex 
True, was living in Marietta, Ohio. Learning from him that this town 
afforded a good opening for a- young man, he decided on leaving tbe land of 
hia fathers and trying his fortune in the " far west," which from boyhood he 
had dedred to see. Hn lefl the parental hearth, then in IIuverhiil,4Iitss., 
early in September, 1806, on horseliack, and arrived at Marietta the 4ib of 
October following. The Smie of Ohio was in its third year, and contained 
about eighty ihoiisand tnhnbitnnts, amongst which there was no one with 
whom he was acquainted. It was a land of strangers ; but he was young, 
and his heart buoyant with hope and expectation of good fortune. He Eoon 
obiaiaed a share of the practice, tlic only physicians then being Dr. True 
and Dr. Hart. Dr. Leonard had recently died, and Dr. Mclniwh had 
•baodoned medicine His rides sometimes extended to thirty miles Ilirough 
the wilderness, the settlements liuing "few and far between." Belprie, a 
flourubing town of New Englunders, fourteen miles below on the Ohio, be- 
ing destitute of a doctor, he was invited by some of the leading inhabitants 
ta eoroe and be their physician. He went lliere on the 10th of December, 
the nigin on which the celebrated Bhnncrhosset left his fhiry island, iu sight 
of hi* boarding house, to join the Utopian expedition of Aaron Burr. In 
Ihe summer of 1807 an epidemic malarious fever prevailed all along the 
valley of the Ohio for several hundred roiles, where there were any inhab- 
itants, and scarci'ly a family in Belprie escaped an attack in some form. 
Here than a hundred ca^es of fever came under his care, which he was so 
Ibrtunaie as to treat in a successful manner, as there were only three deaths 
in all that number. In Maiielta the disease was much more fatal. Some 
of the worst ^ases nearly resembled the yellow fi-ver In August of ihat 
year he married MLis Rboda Cook, from New Bedford, Mass. Late in Ihe 
■ntumn, from over exertion in riding, he had an attack of inflammation of 
the hip joint, which continued for several months, and so greatly incommod- 
ed him on horseback that in Mai-ch, 1808, he moved Imck to Marietta, 
where tbe practice was less laborious. Here he has remained until this 
tiiae, B period of forty years, constantly engaged in his profession. In the 



Early Phyncians of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 

spring of 180S he wrote a history of the epidemic of the preceding year, ' 
which waa published in the tenth volume of (he New Vork Medical Repos- || 
itory. In 1810 and 1811 he was elected a representative of the State Leg- , 
islature, and in the latter year drafted a bill for the regulation of the prac- ' 
(ice of medicine and establishing medical societies, which passed into a law, ' 
and remained in force with various modifications until the year 1819, when 
iill laws on the subject were repealed. In 1812 a description of ihe Atner^ i 
ican Colombo, with a drawing of the plant, appeared in the same work, VoL 
XV. In 1822 two articles were published in the twenty-second rolume of 
the same journal, from his pen, on Hydrophobia, and a curious case of Si- 
ameGC twins, in his obstetric practice. In l?22and 1833 the great western , 
epidemic fever prevailed through the valley of the Ohio, visiting Marietta || 
and the adjacent country with great virulence, few persons escaping its at- .i 
lack in a population of two thousand souls. In the summer and autumn 
of 1822 he visited doily from sixty to eighty patients in town and country; i 
being constantly occupied from sixteen lo eighteen hours in every twenty- j 
four. In August, 1823, he was himself attacked with the prevailing fever, i 
but arrested its course in a few days by taking Jesuit's bark in quarter 
ounee doses, every two hours, alternated with a solution of arsenic Sul- 
phate of Quinine had not then come into use in Oliio, or by it many valua- 
ble tires might have been saved. It was, however, a trial of medicine, to 
vfhich few patients would submit. The year following a full history of this 
epidemic was written and published in llie Journal of Medical Science at 
l^hiladelpfaia, and in 1825 an article on the minor diseases or sequela of the 
great epidemic, in the Western Journal of Medicine at Cincinnati. In I82S 
a scries of articles written in 1819. on the natural and civil history of Wash- 
ington county, were published in Silliman's Journal of Science, with a draw- 
ing and description of the Spalularia, or Spoon-bill Sturgeon, found in tha 
waters of the Ohio. This was followed in 1827 with descriptions and 
drawings of several undescribed fresh water shells found in the Muskingum 
river anil other streams. From 182C lo the present time he has published 
annually a journal of the weather, amount of rain, tlowering of plants. ripeo> 
ing of fruits, &c>, in the same periodical, concentrating an amount of facta 
that may be useful to the future writers on the climate of Ohio. In 1830 
an article on the history of the Cicada Septemdecim, or "North American 
Locust," with drawing of the insect ; "The Saliferous rock formation," 
with a history of the manufocture of Salt, from the first settlement of Ohio;" 
" Ten days in Ohio," being a geological deBcription of the region from Ma- 
rietta to Chillicotbe, by way of Zanesville; "The geology and coal fornw- 
tion of the valley of the Ohio," with numerous plates of fo^ils, and "The 
Diary of a Naturalist," on the same subject, all appeared in annual suceee- 
sion, from 1832 to 1836. The materials and facts for these arlieles were 
collected during journeys of (en or twelve days over (he districts de^critKd, 
and by correspondence with intelligent individuals in tracts of country not 
personally visited. In 1832 he wrote a history of the floods in the Ohio 
river since the first settlement of the country, with a particular account of 
the disasters of the memorable flood of Feb.. 1832, winch was published in 
the first volume of the transactions of the Historical Society of Ohio. In 
1837 he was engaged in examining and reporting on the geolo^ of Ohio^ 
in company with other geologists employed by the state. In 1839 he de- I 
livered an address to the Medical Society of Ohio, of which he was thai ' 
president, at Cleveland, being a history of the diseases and climate of the i 
southeaslem portion of Ohio since its first settlement; which was printed by 
Ihe eodety. In 183U he cwmmenced in earnest the collection of a cabinet t 



1819.] Early Phyilciant of Marietta, Ohio. 145 

of natural hUtoiy from the fosfils, insects, shells, and plants of hia own 
{tale, and by exchanges of these for minerals, insects, and marine shellE, with 
naturalists and collectors in the Atlantic cities. In the courae of nbogt 
tight jean his cabinet contained more than four thousand specimens in the 
Tarkma departments of natural history, arranged in cases and drawers, la- 
belled, numbered and entered in a catalogue under their respective head^. 
All this was accomplished while he was busilj engngcd in the practice of 
hid profession, by saving the "odds and ends of lime." Insects were galh- 
ereii and pinned to the inside of the crown of his hat while riding in (he 
wonlry; and every stream crossed in low water was eiamined for shells, 
and the farmers' boys were employed lo bring in all they could collect, and 
inslmcied how to lake and preserve them in the best manner. In the sum- 
mer of 1832, by the aid of t"'o or three men a few days, he collecled more 
than fire thousand shells from the various sireemg about Marietta, embrac- 
ing about sixty species. The finest of these were selected, labelled with 
jirinted tickets, and put up in neat boies containing from two hundred to 
l*o hundred and fifty specimens, and sent lo the eiislern cities, where they 
were exchanged for other articles of natural history and hooks on the eab- 
jeei, by which course a valuable library was formed without trenching on 
his other resources. In this way he in a few years possessed a respectable 
(ibinet in one of the most interesting branches of science. The room de- 
lated to this object and a collection of curious relics from ihe mounds, being 
died op, he in 1840 turned his attention to writing the history of the first 
ivltlement of Ohio, collecting the materials from such manuscripts as he 
ranid find, and from the lips of the few surviving pioneers. Two volumes 
of 550 pages each were thu^ accomplished by 184C, one of history and the 
wher of biographies of the first settlers, who were many of them officers in 
ihe Revolutionary War. To these may be added numerous articles of early 
adventures on ihe Ohio for the Western Pioneer, and a history of the first 
itftilement of Belville, written for the Hesperian, both printed at Cincinnati; 
a juumal of the diseases of each month, with a bill of mortality since 1824, 
ind still continued, may be reckoned among the products of his laborious 
life. 

DOCTOR JOHN COTTON 

W^M the son of ihe Rev. Josinh Cotton of Plymouth, Mass , and bom in 
Sept, 1792. His raolher was Miss Kaoh el' Barnes, daughter of ihe Rev. 
David Bamcs of Scituate. His father vmt a gradunte of Yale College, ed- 
DCBled for the ministry, and settled over a church in Warehara. He afier- 
wards left the desk and was appointed clerk of the court in Plymouth coun- 
ty, which post ho filled for many years. Doctor Collon was a descendant of 
the Rev. John Cotton, one of the early ministers of Boston, whose name he 
bore, as well as inherited no small share of the intellect of his pious ances- 
tor. His boyhood was passed in the lown of Plymouth, is attending the 
common schools. He was noied for his mild and gentle disposition, retir- 
ing habils, and greater fondness for sludy than the rode sports which so 
commonly occupy the time and thoughts of most boys. His preparation for 
college was corapleled at the academy in Sandwich, and he entered Cam- 
bridge College at the early age of fourteen years. His standing in the Uni- 
versity, although not marked for brilliancy, was equal, on all accounts, to 
tluU of any other in the class. "His recitations were always correct, and 
be pArtScularly excelled in logic and metaphysics." For strength of mem- 
017 feir could equal him. " His deportment was invariably correct, modest 



I 

I ei 



lis Sarli/ Phyaidans of Marietta, Ohio. [April, 



ig," thereby sharing largely In (be good will of the fueultj. 
He grnduated in 1810, eoon after which he waa the preceptor of an acad- 
emy in Fruminghnm, and while there commenced the study of inedidiw 
under Dr. John Kittredge of that town. He subsequently attended the 
mediciil lectures in Boston, and toolt the degree of Doctor of Medicin 
Cambridge, in 18U. 

Soon aiXer taking bis medical degree he commenced the practice of med- 
icine in Andover, but left there in a short time for Salem, at the urgent re- 
quest of the Rev. Dr. Worcester, who wished him to occupy the place lalely 
vacated by Dr. Muzzy, In August, ISIS, he married Miss Susan Bud:- 
mineter of Fmmingham, Mass., whose family was nearly related to Doctor 
Euckminater of Portsmouth, and the gifted Joseph S. Buckminsler of F 
ton. The harsh, chilly atmospliere and changeable climate of the sea a 
of New England not agreeing with his rather delicate constitution. Dr. Cot- 
ton decided on removing to the milder region of the valley of the Ohio, and 
arrived in Marietta with his wife in November, 1813, in company with Dr. 
Jacob Kittredge of Salem, who sought a. more temperate home on the same 
account. Directly after hia arrival he commenced the practice of medians 
on the west side of the Muskingum river, which soon yielded a support for 
his family. In the cotirse of the following year he entered zealously into 
the enterprise of establishing Sabhath Scliools, a mode of instructing iba 
young in morality and religion then unknown in the valley of the Oltio, 
In this laudable effort he found many willing to aid and encourage him 
amongst the influential inhabitants. In 1816 one was opened on the west 
aide of the river, and two on the east side. From thence onward he was ■ 
ccHiitnnt teacher in this valuable institution of righteousness to the time of 
Lis death, a period of thirty years. For the last few years he had a clan 
of young ladies under hia charge, the lai^r portion of whom became meis- 
bera of the Congregational church. That he might be able to explain more 
fully some of the darker passages of the Old Testament, he took up thfl 
study of Hebrew afler be was forty years old, and was soon able to read ia 
the original the words of eternal life. His library abounded in works on 
divinity, equalling in number those of many preachers of the gospel, show- 
ing it to be a subject in which his heart was deeply engaged. He bal 
studied the Scriptures from hia youth, and united himself with the churck 
before bis marriage. Soon a^er his settlement in Ohio he became an at> 
sociute of the Medical Society in this district, and was for a portion of 
time its president, as well as that of the State Medical Society, after t! 
districts were abolished. In the year 1824 he was chosen a representative 
in the Legislature from Washington county, which post he filled with credit' 
to himself and the benefit of his constituents, forming while at ColumboSj 
lasting aliachmenis between himself and many members from different pof' 
lions of the state. The Legislature of Ohio in 1825 elected him an assoct 
ate judge of the Court of Common Pleas which appointment was renewed 
fi-om time to rime until the period of his death. To tbia station he wu 
eminently adapted by his calm, considerate turn of mind, sonnd judgment, 
and thorough knowledge of the principlps of law, which he had studied with 
great care, as well aa the statutes of the State, by which he was guided. 
He was a man who did not live, like many others, entirely for himself, but 
took delight in difTusing the brilliancy of hig own mind on ibose aronnd. 
him. The stores of classical and scientific knowledge laid up in his coUe- 
ginle courae were often spread before the public in lectures delivered in the 
Marietta Lyceum and to the scholars in the Female Seminary, His favor- 
ite subject was Astronomy, which he elucidated in a familiar and i 



1849.] A Record /or Imitation. 147 

Dunaer, aided by diagrams of his own construclion. It was the portion oF tlie 
rtst work of crtatuHi which above all olbers displayed ihv, majesly of God, 
« theme on wbiub be delighted to ducll. His fiuniliarily wiib the classics, 
Mpi-eitUly tbose of the Latin language, is another proof of bis scholarship, as 
b« cwnposed and delivered in that tongue addresses on several occasions, 
especially at Ifae installation of the lirsL president of Marietta College, show- 
ing bis ramiliarity and command ovi^r u subject that bad long lain idle in the 
itorebousa of bis memory. When the college was inroi-porated, in 1836, 
ha waa one of the original trustees, and for some years the presiding olficer 
of the board. Amongst bis other posts of dislinulion was (hat of Iruflee of 
the Medical College of Ohio; an Institution palrottized by tlie State. The 
weight of bis cbai-acter and influence was always given to what he thought 
to be ibe cause of truth, not only in religion, morals, and sdence, but also 
io politics, holding that all good men should cxen^ise a jealous care over the 
balloi box, and not abandon it to dtmngogues. Embracing with zeal wliat- 
wer was for the good of the country, he acted as chairman of the "Whig 

Kkl Commiitce of Washington county" for several years, discharging 
ties of that vexatious post with energy and fidelity, having the satis- 
t of seeing the measures recommended by the illustrious man whose 
it bears generally triumphant. As a medical man he stood dL-aervud- 
li Kioong his brethren, being often called in council in difficult cases, 
ftl oaly in Marietta, but the odjuccnt towns. He was a skilful operator in 
tatgfitj, Hs well as a successful praclilioner of physic. When in the sick 
nom Us pleasing manner, kind address, and mild expression of face, won 
the CDtire conlidence of the sick and greatly endeared him to the families in 
tbe drcle of Ids practice. "Thinking no evil," and far from speaking any 
at ha* fellow-men, he was a friend lo all and received in return their confi- 
dence and good will in no ordinary degree. He was Ibe mo4el of a Chris- 
litD gentleman. His death was sudden and unexpected, after a brief illnL'ss 
of lbre« or four days; but the solemn messenger found him ready and 
"vatching for the coming of his Lord." He died on the 2d of April, 1847, 
_j«i 55 years. 

H^^pOTE TO THE J,iyF. OF Dr. Wu. B. Leonaiid. — In the wide range and 
Wtf n search of the author of the History of NewbtD-y, he was not itble to 
MHlW'er whence came this singular individual, or what became of Lira. All 
kcotild learn about him was contained in an ndvertisonicnt which he ex- 
tncted into his work, under 1793. As iLc advertUcment is curious as well 
■* divacterblic, we here insert it : 

"He slates, that he had been a piiyaician thirty-five years, and that 'a 
kind Providence has ens bled him to spring out of the iron chains of tyranny, 
horror, devastation, and murder lo tbe only summit of liberty under the sun, 
and vhere the diodeni of a dcspo: was hurled down to the bottomless abyss.'" 
— Ed.J 



A RECORD FOR IMITATION. 
Daniel IVelhercll Es.]. dyed on the H"" day of April, I71D, in the morn- 
ing at sun about an hour high, being in the 8'J* year of his age. He was 
twn Nov. 29. 1630 at the free school house in Maidston in the county of 
Xuil in Old England.— JVrw iMndm Reconis, Vol. I. p. 72, furnisbcd by 
Ur. Edwin Hubbard of Wctt Mcriden, Conn. 



■ 


■: 




1 


1 


1«B 


Wohitrv. Bur^in^-Gromd 


[April, 


■ 




WOBURN BUEYING-GROUND. 1 




[Commanicatcd by Ma. N. WtUiS, Ja. — Conlinoed liwn'p. *6.] j 




Thompson 


F,benezer of Charlston 


Apr 19 1741 58 




Cottoa 


Here lyes the Remains of 
KIra Elisabeth Cotlon 
Daughlerof the Rev'* 
Roland CoUon late of 
Sandwich Deaa'* wlio Died 
A Virgin Ocw'- 12'^ 174-^ 

^latia 46. 
if a virgin Marry she lialh not sinned. 








NEvertfiulcfis Sach shall bare trouble in the flesh. ■ 






Bat he that givelh ho not in [DOtriuge ttoelli better. | 






She it h^pier if She »o abide. 






HartweU 


Dea Joseph 


Nov 14 1743 G3 




Wjman 


Ensign Samuel 


Dec 28 1743 55y 




FlKgg 


Esther Wid of Eleazor 


Sept 18 1744 70 




Bn^ks 


Hepjiabali wof Jabes 


Jan 1 1745 75 




Baldwin 


Ruelaof Jaraes&Ruth 


Feb 21 1745-G3y2m 




Brooka 


Jabe^ 


Aug 80 1746 74/ 




Flagg 


Ebenezer 


July 10 1746 68y 




Fox 


Anna w of Jabez of Falmouth [Portia 


dl Aug 5 174G 43 




Be«d 


Elisabeth d of I*real & Hannah Dec 'J 1747 10 warning 9 ■! 




Suow 


Timothy 


Mar 11 1747 74y ■ 




Brooka 


Sarah w of Nathan 


Feb 21 1747 4&-6-J ■ 




Richardson Abigail d of Jonailmn 4; Abijjail 


Oct 27 1747 25 1 




Tj»y 


Mary d of William & Abigail 


May 5 1747 ly 10^9 






Ruth 


Jan 15 1747 10-4-*l 




Wright 


Dea Josiah 


Jan 22 1747 73/ 1 




Ricliardso 


n Eunice w of Josh>.a 


Apr 13 1748 29 ■ 




Ridiardson Hunaali w of Jairoh 


Sept 7 1748 69 




ThcmpsoD 


Samuel 


May 13 1748 43 




Ri(;hHrd9on Joshua 


Nov 5 1748 68 


, 


Cotton 


Susanna d of Rev Josiah & Susanna 


Aug 3 1748 lOy 




Siiher 


Thomas of Boston Merchant 


AuE 2 1748 62 




Walker 


Mary wid of Samuel formerly w of James | 






Foul Esq / 


Oct 23 1748 80 




Holding 


Mary w of John 


Nov 21 1749 49 




Hay ward 


Doc' Jonathan 


Aug 13 1749 45 




Richftrdio 


n Daniel 


Apr 20 1749 57 




Brooks 


Benjamin s of Benjamin & Susanna S 


ept 1 1749 8 weeks 4 dl 


^ 


Richardso 


n John 


Oct 29 1749 81-2m 5d 




Wyman 


Phfbe w of David 


Nov 24 1750 55y 




Wright 


Radiel wid of Joseph 


June 21 1750 55y - 




Richardaon Bridget w of Dea Stephen 


July 1750 76 




Sawyer 


Mary wid of Joshua 


Oct 23 1751 69 




Carter 


Susanna w of Thomas 


Aug 12 1751 57 




Brooks 


Nathan 


Jan 6 1751 45 


r- 


Wymnn 


Esther w of Benjamin 


Sept 16 1751 44y 






Elisabeth d of " & Esther 
[To be contiDoed.] 


Aug 26 1751 4 dajl 

i 


E 




^^fl 


k. J J 



1*49.] Materials toicards a Genealogy of the Jiolfe FamV;/. 149 



SOME MATERIALS TOWARDS A GENEALOGY OF THE 
FAMILY OF THE NAME OF ROLFE. 




% 



R«ire is the same name, or most probably of the same origin, as RaJfe, 
Ralph. Ro/phfittil olher varialions. According to Camden" it Ia conlracl- 
fd from Radulph. and like Roduiph signified "Ildjie-conncell " The 
imilj of RolpKe eslrucl ihtir origin from a Saxon, who uUded much to the • 
castle of Rochesier f 

No persona of the name hace come under our observations of nny very 
grcit distinction, and but one of any extraordinary noloriely ; nor wus the 
name ever very common in England, judging from such researches as we 
h>rc been nble to make in the local and other histories of that couDlry. 
The winorial bearings are lima published by the Burkes :t 
BoLFE of DepiTord, co, of Kent, And Iluckiifj, co. oTHiddlciex. Ar. three rsTcne Sa.; 
Urdbil ven. lor dlfT. Crest — A rBTcn, close, sa. in iho beak a trerail, slipped, leit — 
Bolts of ChblehonC, co. of Kent, and London, same Jimt, with a oinqctroi] in chief, 
■at. — RoLFE orSamm, CO. Wilts. Ar. three rareni sa. Cmt — on a staff, couptd and 
BrnlT, lying fewewajs, and ipniuling hi the dexter end, ven, a raven, close, sa. — Kou'i 
■iB^ Btborpt, CO. York. Az. three water bongtls or. — Bolte of Yorluliire. Or, llirn 
" BoBceu sa. — Rolfb. Ar.a raven sa. — Bolfe of Hcaclmni Hall, m. Norfolk i as 
rtgp S. C. £. NKTlLkK V.ot.Tm.. of ITeachnm Hnll, Esq., hIio took the name and arms 

K t 1 ]jc(,„^^ 19 April, 1B37, on coming into possession of the property of the 

e, of lliachnm llall, Est). Qnancrly. first and fourth, gjronnj of eight, 
ML oti a chief sa. three anoulels, or.; second and (bird, gii. tive inaules in fcsse ar. 
bordoro sr, Onii — Kirat, a Udd'k licad emscd ; stconil, on a inonni a iTCeccnl, 
a isnuuit a roM slipped. 

The following arc some of the early nolicea of the name in England. In 
the will of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, daied "on the Sundtiy 
(bUowing Sl Denis (October 10] lOGI, John Rolf is a legnlee, and nlt^o 
Joktt Ralpit, who, in the obscurity of "'venour;' & un garson pur le feroiir 
XX * ',"% may be an expected son of the former. 

^VTieo the "survey of Domesday" was taken, a person of the name of 
Soif possessed the manor then called Chenvestan, since Cheinsione in De- 
nunbu^ ; none of the name appear lu have been there in the time of Ed- 
•art the Confessor, but a person named Al^ar, abbot of Buck fast leigh. 
We find a Ralph (time of the Conquest) at Chivclstotie also in ihe couiity 
rf Devon.) 

In IH7, Wiiliam Rolph was a bailiff of Brislol.lf 

*8n»aHi«C«u-(nii>(;fin'ln>iH,S5,ed.4°l637. 4 Tf$lammta ('rtkifa. i. 67. 
t MS. of M. G. Someri'v. Kw|, ]' Ly:mn's Uaena Brilanma, \x. 

I GtMrai Jrmor^, ed. IMT. "[ Burretl's HUt. Brutal, 680. 




150 MaUridlt toteards a Genealogy of the Rolfe Family. [April, 

In 1532, Robert Rolf v as one of [lie execulors of the will of Lord Ber- 
ners, (the well known translator of Froissart.) He was then recorder of 
Calais.* 

Robin Rolf of Hadley. co. Suffolk, m. Bridget, fifth dnii. of Edward 
"Wriglit of Sutton Hall in the same county. George Wright, brother of 
EdwHrd, m. in 154-2. Bmtget, dau. of Robert Rolfe, Esq., m. Richard 
Chnmpney, who d. 16d3.'f 

There was a family of Rolfe nt Harwich in the county of I''ssex, of great 
respectability, two centuries ago ; the names of llie members of which are 
spelt with nearly all tho variations to be found at the commencement of ihit 
memoir. From gome circumstances we hazard the opinion that the Rolft 
at New England arc of thia family. Between 1 Gl 2 and 1 G20, Mr. Edtcard 
Rafe [Rgtfe] was mayor of Harwich. In 163G, Mr. John Rolfe was 
mnj'or of that place, and in 1G43 he was again chosen to the same office. 
In 1674, Mr. John Rolfe (not the same) was mayor, and again a serond 
time in lGs5. And ua late as 1728, a Mr. George Rolfvas mayor of that 
borough. 

In the church-yard of [larwich are some monuments to the family of 
Rolfe. On one of black marble we read — 

Here Ires Inlcr'd llie Body n{ 
Jon» floLFE GcnilcmBii who 
n<'pni1ecl this Lift on Ihc ^ day of 
Octohr- 171T.iiitlie7S Ycurof 
his Ajto wbo was mftniPiJ to bU 
Wifu Emzabbth 54. Tear* 
And h&d issue l>y her lix Sons 
And Three nanffhlera 
Hen- Lreih alra the BwW of 
Mt ELizADRTn Rnt.F)i Wife to 
M' lOBN KoLFK who Dcnaiicd 
tbit life Ihc 33<> DnT of Augut 
1731 Aged io Yean. 
On another stone — 

" Three mn» of G«) : Itolfe ft HBrlh« liii wife." 
rii. JuMN, Geouoe and Jons; all in infancy 1709-11, 

William Roi.pe wns one of the executors of the will of the cccentrio 
and Tastty rich Henry Smyth of London, 1G27 t 

There was a Captain (though ofiener, perhaps, styled Major) Rolfe, of 
extensive notoriety in the time of the " Civil War." He was accused of 
attempting the life of the king (Charles I.) The matter was long under 
the consideration of Parliament, and at ihe rcstomlion he was brought to 
trial, but was eventually discharged on the ground of his being non eompoi 
mmtu-S 

In the Ifith of Charles 11.. Aliraham. Rolfe, clerk, had erected at La»- 
hoiD, near Greenwich in Kent, two Free Schools and an Atmslxiusc H 

Of what family Mr. John Rolf wat", who married the world renowned 
Indian princess 1'oc.iiiontas, we arc not able to stale. There cannot, 
however, be much dotjbt that he wai of some of the families enumenited 
l^ve ; and we hope at some lime to be able to show the connection of nil 

* TiilaTnenta Tdiula, ii. 699. 
t Barke'a Commortert. 
J nale's IliHory of /TorunVA, 4S, .( ii^. 

i In the Rirtiamniary Miilorg. aarcnilon, Prinre'i Worlhin, and oilier worka of ibt 
e. nra numerous and mrions panii^nlan rc^pceling this affair. 
mbsoD in Camden, i, £22. 




1849.] MatcriaU towards a Genealogy of the Rolfe Famihj. 151 

these families, and those ^iltk that of Xew England, if any ever existed. 
Tbe genllemiin who married Focauontas had one eon, but this son Icf^ 
oa male posterity. In the female liae, however, are descended the Bulling?, 
Bandolphs, Blaiids, and many other distinguished families of Virginia.* 

We came now to ibe family of Koife in New England. The following is 
the article concerning ihem in Farmer's Genealogical Regieter: 

RoLn. BEnjiuin, Newbar;, irhcir be via b. a. \(A\. Bevj^mtk, ibe cciMnd minii- 
Mr of Har«rhill, was SOD of BiMij. Poire, and was b. 13 Sept, 16G3 ICoSid.]; grad. at H. 
C. 1684. ordained in Jan. lCg4, and vas s\mn liv lbs Indians iu an ailat.'k ou Uaierhill, 29 
Aojc, liaS.K. m. Da!(iel, Ezra, and Tiio»Aa were of Ipttiti^b in 1648, and Daiid 
R<dfe dini in Snlcm.ab. IG^*. llKNRT,ODe of the proprrnors orNen'hiiry in 10.15. Jdbn, 
ODe ofltK first •citlcn of ICewbnry. and a proprielorof Saliibary.t wsi admitlcd freeman, 
1039, Md d, 8 Feb., 1663. ilia last wife, Mary ScalUrd, be m. in I6S6. 

For mnch of the above, as is seen, Fanner waa indebted to the since his- 
torian of Newbury. In Ids work Mr. Coffin has added something to Far- 
mer's article, but he was not able to eslablbh or define a relationship be- 
tween many of the members of the family wjtich he has given. From what 
he hu given and several other fources.^ the following pedigree is made out. 

HnKOPK Roi.FR appears lo have been ihe immediate ancestor of two or 
more Newliury emigrants of the name It is not ascertained that this per- 
MD came to America. 



I UB. 
1 Mb. 3 



Riilrr d. I» = 
i^.^lM8.' 1 


John d, B ^ Mwy S*o 


l«d, Hj..nhrp"Ili.p«, 


nirh.H I«lt 




JafaD 4. _ Murj, b. 19 


;,,J»^.„ ,,Jj. 


b.av«r.,d. 

loss. 




Aug, 1710. 1 


i>uc„i;d8.' 




5^'T'^ 

^"S- 


mnihUt,) 
kJllcd h] In- 
•lliiumAgE.. 


Hnhilatnl 
11 M»rrii, 


Applils. b. 8 till?, b. IB 
Mm,. lOT. Sepl., 1W». 

NUIi>Til.-t, IS 
»,.»., I6SI. 


9uana. IS 
Aug., IWS- 




s,« 


niabriM 


£«,.«.,, 




1 





MB ** vTDnr- ' irm.i. llfK.i. Ifm. ' DfDuiuin. 1703. ' )ur(lann2fl 

cknUr. 3 Aug., IStiopi., / Aug. ITOe. 

There arc several items on the records at llaverliill about other branches 
of the Rolfe family, which we are unable at pre^^ent to dispose of except by 
giving them an insertion in our work as we, find ihera. 

EXRA RoLPE m. Abigail Bond, 2 March, 1076, and had 1, Abigail, b. 



• Nolliinft in Smith'* IHtl. of Fwpinia io ibrow ticbt o' 
f See pp. 55. ifi, and 57 of ifie present nnmbcr. — Ed. 
t For the facta rwpecling [he Haverhill braneh, wa me indcblcd 
aoTBoeloD, member oftheN.B. Hist. Gen. Soc 




(he pa rentage of Balfr. 

Ma. Jahi 



Longevity. fApril^ 

17 Sept, 1677} 2. Ezra, b. 24 Nov., 1680; 3, DanUl, b. 14 Feb., 1G85; 
4. Maty, and 5, Martka, b. 23 Nov., 1687. Mr. Ezba Roife, Sen., was 
wounded and taken prisoner by [be lodians on the 1,7 Oelober, 1 68U and 

dieil on [he 20ih following. 

Daniel Rolfb m. Mercy PaUet, and had 1, Samuel, b. 30 June, 1718; 
2, Mnry, 11 April, 1720. 

Nathaniel Rolfe m. Hannah Rolfe.and bod 1. William, h. 5 March, 
1748; 2, Benjamin, A. 30 Oct., 1749; 3, Jialith, b. 25 Nov., 175&i 

4, Benjamin, b. 31 IVLij, 1753. 

EPITAPH. I 

Enclosed in Ihii lomli is the body of the rcTerend, pioni nnd 
learned rann Benjamin Rolfe, wlio isva s most fBithfDl 

Cor or ihe Chiircb of Chrisl in Haverliill. He was bar- 
usiy iilnin bv Ibe encmj at his own hoaae, on Ihc 
mornin;; of Ihe ^bhnth. ZSth of Au^sl in ihe year 
of Our Lord IID3, and in the «6Ui of hia rainulrj'. 

Not having the acquaintance or knowledge of a single individual of the 
name of Rolfe, the writer of this article may be excused for his appnrent 
dearth of information respecting the family. He hopes that what is here 
given may meet the eye of some descendants, and prompt them to look into 
the matter, and (o communicate the result of ibeir inquiries. 

Since tho above wiis in type we have received' the following additional 
particulars : 
■' A daughter of John Rolfe m. a Ring. His grandchildren were John, 
Joseph, and EntJier. v^ John Saunders m. Estlier Rolfe, dau. of Jo/m. 

ffester, wife of John Rolfe, d. 3 June, 1C47. 

•^ "The Confdmce of London, 200 Tons, John Johnson Muster, sailed 

April, 1638, having 110 passengers. Among them were John Sanden, 

aged 25, and Sam his wife, from Lamforil, Wilts Co. William CoUle, 

i^SerranL John Rolfe, aged 50, and Ann his wife and 2 Sons, JoJin and 

TViomas, 4 years and under, from Melchitt Parke, Wilts Co." 

It is presumable that the Jo/in Rolfe hero mentioned is the satne who i» 
8 Feb., 1G64, but further than that we cannot at present go. 



LONGEVITY. 



At one of the lale anniversary meetings in Boston, Rev. Dr. Pierce, oC 
Brookline, remarked, that when first invited to attend this Jubilee, he fck 
that he was too old, but lie had since looked into tlie State of Connecticutf 
and found a clergyman born the 23d of January, 1754, who was now 94 
years old. He was ordained on the ]3lb of March, 1782, when this wliit^ 
headed man was little short of nine years of age. And what was worthy t» 
be mentioned, he hod preached ever since witkout a colleague. On hia 
sixty-Sfih anniversary, be mentioned in his sermon that he had never been 
detained bnt eleven days during the whole time, from bis work. Wlien 
ibis venerable man — Dr. Nolt — was asked what was the secret of such ■ 
long life, and such health and strength, he replied that there were four 
rules: rise early; live temperate ; work hard; keep cheerful. Tlie cbidr- 
man, when Dr. Pierce sat down, said, eun-Iy nobody cnn think that Dr. 
Pierce is an old man yet. — Transcript, ID/A June, 1848. 

* From Joshna CoOio, Esq. 



\ 



VLiciaxd -fJcLnur, 









11-;^ Mecorda of Brainford, noie BranforJ, Ct. 



ELY RECORDS OF BBAINFORD, MOW BBANFORD, CT. 
[Ron DuleruU principally fnmialiecl by Ma. Chablkb M. Tiihtok of Shelbnrne, lla^s.] 

In the accounts of Branford which we have seen, we do not find any 
reaMO given why that name was made choice of. It was for a time called 
Brmnfard, vhicb was probably as correct us Branford, neither giving a 
veiy precise idea of its probable origin. It \& our opinion that it was so 
named after Brentford in England ; if so, ita signification is perfectly appar- 
ent. Our ftithere have left, us much in the dark in respect to the reasons 
ihey may have bad for naming many of onr towns ; atid although we have 
BO Bam*tapk, or Brentford, there can be but little doubt that our towns of 
BanutahU and Branford were so named to perpetuate those. 

Whether some of the early inhabilants of Branford came originally from 
Brentford in the county of Middlesex, England, or whether some of their 
friends or connections disdnguished themselves on the aide of the Parlia- 
ment there in 1642, we have not the means within our reach to decide. 
However, we are told that Branford received its name in 16'44. It may 
be interesting to our readers to note that Brenttbrd b early mentioned in 
English history. There was a liloody conflict between Edmund Ironside 
rmd the Danes here, A. D. lOlll, and in the timeof Mary, six persons were 
linrnt at the stake on account of their religion. Thi- famous battle -ground 
of Hoatulow-heath is near it. In its church is an inscripiion to John Home, 
fntber to the well known Jolm Hornc Tooke, The last Duke Schomberg 
was Earl of Brentford. He died in 1719. 

Branford was purchased by the New Haven colonisls in December, 1638, 
» few days after they had bouglit New Haven of Moraanqnin, sachem of 
thai place, ihen called Quinnipiac. In 1644, a tmct of land was sold by 
New Haven to Mr. William Swain and others, for the accommodation of 
those persons in Wethersfield who wished lo remove from thence, Sept. 
Jih. 1640, tbe General Court at New Haven made a grant of a tract, the 
Indian name of which was Totokell. to Samuel Eaton, brother of Governor 
Eaton, upon the condition of his procuring a number of his friends from 
England to make a settlement in that tract of country. Mr. Ealon failed 
in fulfilling Ihe conditions. About three years ailer, the subject was acted 
upon thus : '* Tolokett, a place fit for a small plantation betwixt New Ha- 
veu and Guilford, and purchased from Ihe Indians, was granted to Mr, 
Svavne and some others in Weathers Reld, they repaying the charges, which 
are betwixt £12 and £13, and joining in one jurisdiction with New Haven 
wid the fomamed plantations, upon the same fundamental agreement settled 
in October 1643, which, they duly considering, accepted."* 

Tbe following is a verbatim copy of the "New Plantation amd 
Churcb Covenant" of Branford, with its original signers' names : — 

"Jan. 20: 1667 — forasmuch u-i y* it appearr.* y' the undertaking & the 
Kttlement of this place of Brainibrd was secured by & for nic-n of confn'egaT 
tionall principles as to church orders according to y" plalforme of disccplaine 
»|!»ed on by the senate or tharc abouls drane fi'oni y* word of God in y' 
wiiich wc y* remains he.ir can sny we liave found much peaci! & ijuiatnes 
■aour great comfort for y* which we desire for to bless God & that it may 
■oremaine unio such as do continue thnir abode in this place & lo sudi na 

• Nttr Haven Kr"rrf< in RiBnia's Bitt. Colt. CI.. 18S-9. 




r 



Early Records of Brainford, now Bravford, Ct. [April, 



shall come in to fill'' up the roumes of those y' are removed & that do in- 
tends for to remove from this |i I ace of Brainford ^ wee all do see cause 
now tor lo agree that an orlhodoxe minesier of y' JiidgemenI elmll be called 
& settled amongHte vs :cs The guthering of such a cliurdi shall be Incour- 
aged — The vpholdment of such Church offircare shall not want ppordbanall 
ijupplye of maintainence according to Rull — We will not in way waise In- 
croach upon or dislurbe the liberties in so walking from time to time & att 
all times Ifor will we be any waye^ Injurious vnto tht-m in civil or Eccles- 
ticall Respectes & this wee firL-ely & volentarily Ingage ourslves vnto 
Joyntly & severally so long as we remayne Inhabetants In This place & this 
we bind ourselves unto by our subscription unto lliis agreement It ie also 
agreed y' whosoever .shall come fur jiurchise or admitted a free planter hear 
shall so subscribe before his admittance or his bargine vallid in law Amongtt 



I 



Jasper Crane 
John Wiiford 
Tho. Blachly 
Samuell Plum 
Mich. Taintor 
John Collens 
MIcb. Pamer 
John Ward 
John Linsley 
John Robins 
Robart ffoolt 
George Page 
Thomas Sutllff 
Daniel I- Swaine 
Sam u ell Pond 
Isaac Bradley 



Jonathan Rose 
Georg A dames 
John Whiihead 
tjamuell Ward 
Edward Frisbe 
Henry Gratwiek 
Mat hew Bickatt 



Thoi 



sHar 



s Whedon 

George Seward 
Edward Ball 
William Hoadlie 

Eleazer Stent 
John Rosers 
Samuel Brudfeld 
John Charles 



William Rosiiiell 
Edward Barker 
Peter Tyler 
Anlliony Elowd 
John Adamea 
Thomas S urgent 
Itlu^es BInehly 
Jan. "Walera 
John ffrisbe 
John Linsley jun' 
"^Villiam Maltbie 
John Rose 

Bartholomew Goodrich 
John Tainior 
Frances Tyler." 



MtCBAKL TAISTOB 

"Was one of the principal inhabitants of Branford, drew up the " New Plan- 
Ution and Church Covenant" above inserted, still preserved in the records 
in his hand-wriling, and he was probably the author of it. A good fao- 
simile of bis autography and of the records accompany this article. Tbe 
autograph of a prugeitiior of a highly respectable race must be viewed l>j 
his descendants with much saliiifaction; and not only by his descendants, 
but by all true lovers of antiquarian matters. 

Michael Taintor came from Wales, and in 1653 was master of a ves- 
sel trading to Virginia. He afterwards settled in Branford, and died there 
in 1673, In 1667 he was one of four persons "employed and empowered 
by the town of Branford to buj' the bouse and lands of Richard Harrison." 
In 1669 be was of the number chosen by the town to settle certain difficnl- 
ties between Branford ami New Haven, respecting bounds. The next 
year he was employed upon a like'matter relative to the bounds of Bi^n- 
ford and Guilford. About the same time be was judge of a court at Bran- 
ford, and he was frequently a member of the General Court or Assembly 
of Connecticut. At his decease his estate amounted, as per inventory, to 
£166 48. lOd. His wife Elizabeth died July, 1659. 



1849.] Taintor Family. 



ChirluireTXto JoHph. Martu :i^ Thxmu, i. of Rst. Abn^um 



obD.b. Mar.-D0K*a Illei^U. b.^l, Muy LoomX. Eliubtlb, b. - Koch JoJuul 
«&i, uBnn- 8nln. Orr. 16S^ J 2.M>b«l, wtd.or Jiu», 1666. lUwcn. b. Apr, 
ml, 4. S«pt, KColf^li«. DuM Butler, 165T. 



].,17ilO. 



in*il,dMe.,h-EaD<i» John,b. Mu?, b.=Edii'd Mmn JoKpU, b.^EUnbfth t 
kpt. IffiO, ■(IKdoO, OcMbfr, Sr,|., aflVlDdKt. Nnr., I Poou, I 

ciixbcr.ct^ d mi. van. less. \m. hi- inu. i 



rsb., liJ3, |ofK*T. Tho. Jnly, | 17S1 ; S, B«- 
Coklirtler, I Sklnntr of 1736. | (l»u, C«pt. G . 
d. Mnrct, I llMiPhBUr, shinn Biillil»j-, 



7,b.ftn.H>Cal. DiTtdWiUa Prud«ie«,~Dr. Jubo vrunoi Suih, b.-Kuhmhil Anna. b. C 

■ - ofColcliMtar. AjHl, OlUof n«,d.n 

1{31. -- • 



», b, Jolt^SuDwl Lxrii dT Jgnpli, b. Nor., llU.^^Ivih Bsrlnr, Elliibat)i,= Hot 
CokhHIcr, 1719. Bnilocd, d. Oct., 17&0. J April, 1713. b. Oct., I'le. of WinOior 

l*»,li»p, jBU,=S.™b7oot,, ' JllrtliBl.b. 8=S»r«hF«it». NithnoW, b«p.=8ubnill_TiU 



itlcttul, deH-, b. 14 Much, l'48,-cLvdl> Loooti 

iiriHUiD, s. c. oribid, N. B , • I April, nai. 

Idlir RsT.,d. April, 1S81. 



iMiL >. jBlT,=Knjni CbirlM.b. BoBla, b.=CTTiu BUI ClurtM, b.^Sunb Bumh, b.z=Jolin C. 

m. Worth- Jin., IT89. Dtr.. ofLabuwn, Dm., 1773, Foi dT JuIt, Bulkltr 

tncton. d.inln(ui- mO. Ct. '!■.''' Wnf;. Cole'r. \lii. cfCol- 

li^, b. Dh..=Pc>i af N inpbli, b. F«b.,=D>BMi 
im. Londoo. 1730. K. Vor 

JUfl DVLII OI UUl' UDKOH- 

tnuij cdflcH. Sdll Uiiiif . dun- Ur. 

___^ 1 

anhic Tlim.Jimiph B«Hv=C*>>. Ct>"- Jobn. b. B*pt,,= CbuTw, b.= Qnniiom,b. 

latum of Col- Bulkkyof ITflO, ■ r«T. Hnlbrd IT D>r., Abbtaf Mar, 1766, 
"— -- S.,aMll«d ofMarl- 11*2. Col- Wind- d. Oel., 



Ilj. b,=JoihiM FoIIt, b.=6adfreT Jund, b.^Sabgca 
«., B. Bulk- »1T, Or«nB- I7M. Uaalw. 

78. lar. 177T. orofPsmtnC. 



ph, b. Btpl.^Marj trilMB et 




WILL OF RIARD HAFFEELD. Jl 

Vpon the l?"" daye of y' la"" nionlli in ye ypare 1G38. I Richard Hst, 
eeld* of Ipswich in Kew England, iieing of body weake & feeble, bul of 
mind Si. memoiy jifeclly able to make liiid inj laat will Sc testameat — u 
folio Weill — 

1. To my two oldest daus. laary Si Sara £30 apeece — vi^. that £30 «*■ 
I am to rec. of Tho". fferman for a house sold to Rob', wallis his man w** is 
to be paid at three paiments, £10 at a time, according' to y' tenour of a bill, 
this £30 as it is ret'* lo be derided eqly betst y", also 2p acres vpland A 
meadow at Reedy inari-h valued at 20£ lo be deuided bctxt y" praeotly at 
ter my decease : alsoe 10£ in money or ray Cow Calfe to be devided betxt 
y" & in case cither of j" dye before theye are posest w"" y' my guift then 
my will is y' y' longer liuer to haue y" whole £60 

Alsoe I giue to my 3 younger daus. Martha, Ractidl &. Ruth, to each of 
y* 30£ apeecti. to be p"* y"" as y" shall com to y' age of IG yeares old, And 
'my will is ttisoe, y' y' any one of y" dy liefore y* allaine lo y* age of 1 6, y* 
y" y* whole £90 lo fale [fall] to y" longer liners or longer liuer, y* s* 90£ 
to be p* y" us atbres''. I doe enjoyne my wife lo y' true & just paiment of 
it whome I make my executrix of y' my last will & tesCmt. 
The mark rp= of 
Robert 1 1 Andrews 
George Giddings 

Wee whose names are vnder written Geo. Giddings & John BrowsQ 

dowitnessy'y'teelaior at y" same time came into court held at Ipswich: 

did giue unto his 2 dans. Sara &; Mary y° 29"' of Sept. 1668 & owned y* 

! debts owing to him by these y* did beleeve that there nunsa 

heareunto were y owne hands 




3£ 5h 



Roll'. Lord Cleric 



Geo. Giddin^ This is a tnte Copie Compared witfr 
John Browne the original on tile in Salem CotuC 
' _ Reed" Attesta 

* Thisnsmeia not fonad in PAniiER'a E/gi'ltt. In Mr. Fet.t's Hut. of Ipiuich hek 
raoiilareil Btnon}; tha nrly sctLlers or Ihnl Inwn under LB35. From the inll of Rithart 
&fftiU given above, il doc> tiut appear thHI ho Ivft any male poalerilf, and ihe nun« ii 
piOMbly eilinci in New England. 



1849.] Ty Tally Famil<f of Sai/brooh, Ct. 



THE TULLY FAMILY OF SAYBROOK, CT. 

BKIOBICAL ASD GENEALOGICAL SKETCHES OP THE TTILLY 
DCCLUDINO AN ACCOUNT OF THEIR FlSaT SETTLEMENT 
AMBRICA; COLLECTED FROM JIANUSCKIFTS IN 
POSSESSION OF INDIVIDCALS BELONU- 
ING TO THE FAllILY. 



pi is stated in the following memoir, that " there were few in England . 
rf ihe name" of TuUy, and from considerable investigalion we are led to 
ilie same i-oiiclusion. We meet with Robert Tally, a monk, of the city of 
Gloucester, at ii very early age. He belonged to Ihe "fftmoua church" of 
iluU dtj. " the great and stately tower" of which was bQilt by Abbot Sea- 
broke^ "This is bo neat and eurioua, that travellers have affimi'd it to be 
une of the best pieces of Architecture in England. Abbot Seabroke, the 
first designer of it, dying, left it to the care uf Robert TuUy, a Monk of this 
place; which is intimated in those veraea written in blade Letters, under 
^^^ucli of the Tower in the Quire : 

^^^^^^ Bbc miod digtitvm rpiadarit, oputqur politum, 

^^^H TWit hiK CI onm. StabroJu jlibale jiibmli. 

^^^^K This Ftbrick which jou see, exact and neat, 

^^K Thp Abbot charfi'il Monk Tully make compleal."* 

In the pedigree of Savile of Thomhill, menlion is made of ElizaAetk, 
ikaghtcr of Dr. Tully, married to John Savile, rector of Thornhill in York- 
ihire. This was in the early part of the last century. And in the pedi- 
[ree of Netterville ef Ireland, it is noted that James Tully of Dunmore, 
M. D., married one of that family. We meet with several eminent authors 
of the name. Thomas, a native of Carlisle, educated at Queen's College, 
Oxford, flourished from 1642 to 1 S75. He was born 1620. Ge&rge Tully, 
■ relative of the pieceding, according to L^mpriere, was also of Queen's 
College : a publisher of a translation of Plulartb's Morals — of Miliiades's 
Life of Nepos, Cesar by Suetonius, with notes, &c He was bom 1653. 

In the Heraldic Dictionary we find only 

Tllly (W^ethemll Abbey, CO. Cumberland). Ar. on a chev. gu. three 
•sMllopa or, in chief a lion pass. vert. OreH — A cupid with his bow and 
Hitiver. nil ppp. , 

Tdllt (Ireland). Af. on a chev. three escallops of the second. Crest 
—On a chapeaa a serpent nowcd in a loveknot, all ppr.] 

It appears IJial the family originally telonged to the parish of Hortey,t in 
the county of Surry, England, aliout twenty miles from London ; and lliat 
the grandfather of him who first enme into New England had three chil- 
liren, namely, Jo/m, William, and Martha, but neither ha age, his mar- 
liage, or christian name is known. 

The father of him who first came to New England was brother to Ihe 
■bore named William and Martha, and married Sarah, Ihe sister of John ^ 
Kenner, the first of that name who came Co .Saybrook, the brother of Arthur 
ud William Fenner, who settled in Providence, R. I. 

The two last mentioned were the progenitors of the present Fenner 

■ BuBOF GmsoHJD Camhem. t In the hundred of Reigate. — Bn. 



r 



The Tidly Family of Saybrook, Ct. [April, 



Family in Providence. It Turlher appears that Join Tully of (lie parisli of 
■!ey, who raarried Sarah Fennt-r and died while in England, had \>y her 
children, namely, John and Sarah, ihe i'ormer of whom, as appears by 
the cleif^man's cerLificale, was baptized SepL Oth, 1638, and the laiier, 
Sept. 27lh, 1640. 

In the year 1644, on the lllh June, John Tully, who died in England, 
made his will, leaving a widow Sarah, with her eon John, five or sis years 
of age, her daughter, about three or four, and herseU' about twenty-seven. 

This John Tully of Horley, by Lis will, after nuiking a donation to the 
poor of the parish, and after giving a legacy lo his brother WilHnm, of filly 
pounds Elerling, lo be raised from the reuls of a certain piece of land in said 
pariah known by the name of Fcalheridge, placed all his lands under the care 
of his brother and one George Kerrall as overseer, and ordered the renis of 
said lands to be put into his wife's hanAi till his daughter should come to 
llio age of ten years j and'after that the avails of the lands to continue in 
Ihe overseers' hands till the rents should amount lo fifty pounds, and then 
to return to his widow lo be held and improved by her dui-ing ber natural 
life ; but in case she should die before the fifty pounds should be raised, lie 
directed that said lands should continue in the overseer*' hands for the pup- 
pose of educating his daughter. He then bestowed on liis brother William 
a small gift, and another on his sister Martha, and a valuable preaent ia 
personal estate on liis son John, then about five or six years of age; alter 
which he gave all his goods and chattels to his wife Sarah, his debts being 
first paid, and made his wife sole executrix, putting into lier possession all 
his lands, bouses, and olher buildings, till his son should come of age. In the 
year 1G46 or lGi7, Sarah, the widow, with her two children, accompanied 
her two brothers, Arthur and William, to New England, and settled here. 
At (his period, bis son was in the ninth year of his age. At a proper lime, 
one of the Fenners, in behalf of John Tully, made a voyage lo England for 
the purpose of obtaining possession of his property, but by some means now 
unknown, was unsuccessful in effecting it ; but neglecting lo i.ike bis deeds, 
his unele William and the olher overseer denied his right, and in fact as- 
serted that he was an impostor, and that they had ample proof of the death 
of the real heir. Therefore he was necessitated to return to America in 
order to procure testimonials of hia descent, and possess himself of the wrJl- 
inga of the estate. On reaching the house of his mother, who had not long 
before married Mr. Robert Say of Saybrook, he tbund the deeds, so essen- 
tial to the case in question, cut into narrow slips and attached lo a lace pil- 
low; but with much difficulty the pieces were at last so nicely pasted to- 
gether as lo answer the purpose. When be wenched England, having 
happily recovered the estate, he disposed of Ihe same, which seems to have 
been very valuable, as the house had been used as a house of enterlainmenU 

By one deed he sold to Peter and Anthony Leachfotd all that messuage 
or tenements, gardens, orchards and backsides, barns, stables, &C.., thereto 
belonging, with that piece of land adjoining called Stylields, conlaioiog 
eight and one half acres, lying in said parii«h of Hort'ey, for £ 1 20. 

The recovery of the estate appears to have been about twenty years after 
his father's death. 

In 1671, John Tully was married to Mary Bfamont. daughter of Wit- 
Itam Beamont, a native of Carlisle, in the county of Cumberland, on the 
borders of Scotland, who came lo Connecticut in the capacity of tailor to 
Sir Richard Sallonstall. 

The moiher of this Mary Beamont, it appears, wati a Danforth, sister to 
him who ma formerly deputy goveriior of Jlassachuaetts. After this, John 



1849.] The Tally Family of Saybrook, Ct. 159 

Tully setUed at Patapaugh, in that part called Denison's Point, in the now 
}ec«n<] society of Sayhrook, where his first four children were born. In 
Februtiry, 1 680, lie purchased of Robert Say, his father-in-law, n house and 
lot on the Town Plot, about three quarters of a mile westward of a nook of 
salt meadow, in which house he resided till the day of his death, which hap- 
pened October 5. 17U1.» 

A« be bad not been bred a farmer, and bad no relish for agriculture, he 
disposed of his properly in lands, which it seems was very conKiderable, and 
almost wholly eupporltd his family by teaching arithmetic, navigation, and 
asirooomy. In addition lo this, he annually furnished New England with 
ainiaaacs, from IC81 lo 1702.t the last of which waa published in Boston, 
after his de.ith. The duties attached xo the office of Town Clerk were 
abo cUschst^ed a long time by him, and from the ancient mode in which 
writings of this nature were executed, ho probably made the business lucra- 
tive. So greatly superior was this man's education to most, if not all, of his 
cotemporaries in America, and so superslilious and ignorant were the com- 
mon people in the country, that with ihem he was reputed a conjurer. 
This strange reputiilion, however, was acquired, as appears, merely by ex- 
ercising what at ihe present day would be lermed common sagacity. As an 
instance of this we have nn account of an application f ram a person at Long 
l«land recpcciing a child that was lost in the woods several months before 
by a party who were gathering wild fruit; and as it appeared on enquiry 
that no (eari'h had been made in a neighboring village of Indians, our an- 
cestor directed the father to enquire there, which he accordingly did with 
Miccess. 

From papers now in possession of the family, it may with the greatest 
certainty be concluded that bis established principles and practices were 
iltose of true Christianity. 

8arah, ihe sister of said John, it appears, married a Denison, Goon alter ' 
she came to this country, and from her. we are told, sprung all the pres- 
ent families of that name in the towns of Slonini.rton and Saybrook. Their 
mother died soon afier her son removed lo the Town Flat. 

Tbe children of John Tully were as follows: 

John. b. Dec. 3, 1G72. lost at eea. 

Sarah, b. April 9, 1C74, d. Dec. 30, 1692. 

William, b. Jan. 5. 1(^7 G. d. July 5, 1744. 

Lydia. b. March 15, 1679, d. July 12, 1740. 

Ibry, b. Aug. 10. 1681. 

Deborah, h. Feb. 24, 1683. d. March 13, 1721. 

Lucy, b. March 22. 1666, d. April 5, 1692. 

Hcpsibah, b. Dec 22, 1689, d. Oct. 26. 1767. 

Jobs, the eldest, married in Boston and settled there, whence he sailed 
master of a vessel bound to England junt before a remHrkably severe slorm, 
m which it was conjectured he was lost. It is now suspected, however, con- 
udrring Ihe litlle intercourse which in that day subsisted between the colo- 
nii^s, that the storm in which he was supjxised to have perished shipwrecked 
bim on our Fouthem coast, where he probably made clioice of another wife, 
for it is worthy of remark, that in the year 1775, an individual of the Tully 
fiiniiy from Saybrook became acquainted at RoKbury, near Boston, with 
Iiro young men of the same name from Pennsylvania, ar one of the South- 

*'Dk.Yislt>-s Acnvnt of Midditiex. Ct.p. 104— Ed. 

'e bavo Hxn bin one net or aeries of Ibc Almnnocs of Tall;, uid tbal nu in the 

blibnuy of ALraEoD. Foster, Esq-, of Worcesujr. — Ed. 




I 



The TuUy Family of Saybrook, Ot. [Aprii, 

cm States. They were mutually surprised un raeeling, oeither having 
known of any family in tbe country of their name except his own. Inquir* 
ies followed, and it appeared that the father of these young men had no 
brothers or sisters, but of their grandfather's name and place of niuirity 
they were totally ignorant. The reason why it i% disbelieved that there 
was another family is, that there were few in England of the name, and 
that none of them have ever been mentioned in the numerous catalogues of 
emigrants. It is, however, possible, that the ancestors of these young men 
bad changed a name nearly similar into that of Tully, which had long been 
famous in the literary world. 

Sarah, the first daughter, married John Smith of Iladdam, and had one 
daughter, Lucy, who married Andrew Beach of Branford. 

Mary married Daniel Clark of Haddam. 

Deborah, fourth daughter, died unmarried in Saybrook. 

Lucy died by scaldiag, about six years old. 

Uepsibah, tlie youngest daughter, died in Saybrook, unmarried. 

William, the second son, from whom sprung all the successive families in 
Saybrook, married Abigail Maverick of Boston, the daughter of a clergy- 
man who left England in the time of persecution. The maiden name of Mr. 
Maverick's wife was Sherwood, and it appears that she came from Cornwall 
in company with a brother, who settled at Little Chaptauk, in Maryland. 
The children of the above named William and Abigail were ten, their births 
and deaths as follows : 

John, b. March 18, 1702, d. Oct 29, 1776. 

Margaret, b. May 23, 1704. d. Sept. IS. 1775. 

Abigail, b. July 5, 1707. d. May 2, 1773. 

William, b. June 13, 1709, d. March 18, 1775. 
■ Lydia, b. July 24. 1711, d. July, 1792. 

Elias, b Jan. 17, 1713, d. July 19, 1773. 

Sarah, b. Jan. 6, 1716, A. Oct. 19. 17C4. 

Mary. b. March 30, 1718, d. Sept. 17. 1739. 

Samuel, b. April 29, 1721, d. Aug. 4, 1749. 

Daniel, b. July 24, 1723, d March 25, 1727. 

Abigail, the mother of the last named family, was born Sept., 1C75, and 
d. Dec 9, 1750. 

William, the husband of Abigail, was bred a farmer and shoemaker, 
which branches of business he carried on largely until his death. 

Margaret, the first daughter, was once a promising child, but in early 
years disease deformed her person and impaired her intellecL She did 
in Saybrook, unmarried. 

Abigail, the second daughter, married Captain John Lee of Lyme, 7tl> 
Oct., 1741, an attorney at law. and had two children, Eunice, b. 1743, and 
Andrew, b. 1745, the former of whom married Samuel Hall of WalHngftiid, 
and the latter having been liberally educated in Yale College and olherwiM 
duly qualified, became a miniater, and was ordained pastor of a church ia 
Lisbon, Ct. 

The above named Abigail afterwards became a widow, and married Dear 
con Caleb Chapman of Saybrook. 

Lydiu, third daughter, married Humphrey Pratt of Saybrook, by whom she 
hail 6ve children, namely, Humphrey, William, Lydia, Elias. and Andrew- 
Sarah, fourth daughter, married Capl^n Joseph Buckingham of Say* 
brook, and had six children, namely, Sarah, Esther. Alurgai'ei, Louisa, Ah* 
igail, and Anna. 

Mary died a single woman at Saybrook. 



~{ 



1849.] The Tally Family of Sayhrook, Ct. 161 

Samuel, fourth son, lived at Sajbrook, unmarried. He was hj occupa- 
lioti a farmer and shoemaker, and a person of Euch known and strict integ- 
rity and oprightness as to have become proverbial, being staled hy his ac- 
qoaintanoee the honest shoemaker. 
Daniel, the fourth son, died in early childhood. 

John, the eldest son and child, married Pamell Kirttand, by whom he 
had seven children : 
Painell, b. June 5, 1782, d. Sept. 1. 179G. 
John. b. March 12, 1734, d. Oct. 22, 1760. 
Anne, ). . , ., ., „„„ d. Sept. 5, 1739. 
Daniel. [»"'"«• ^- ^°^' ^*' ^'^^' d. Sept. 13, 1739. 
EHzabeth, b. April 23, 1739. 
Mary, b. July 21, 1742, d. Aug., 1793. 
Sarah, b. June 25, 1745, d. Aug. SO, 1747. 

The mother of the above children died July 26, 1746, aged 43 years and 
8 months. 

After this, John Tully married a second wife, the widow of John Russell "^ 
of Branlbrd, whose name before marriage was Mary Barker, by whom he ' 
had two children hereinafter named : ' 

Maverick, bom June 10, 1754, d, Sept. 2(i, 1754. 
Sarah, b. Oct. 11, 1757. 

Mary, the mother of the last named children, died at the birth of the last 
child. 

Pamell, the first child, died a single womnn. in S.iybrook. She was ear- 
ned off suddenly, with less than half an hour's illness, by Asthma. 

Elizabeth, third daughter, married Ambrose Whiuksty of Saybrook, by 

wham she had nine children, namely, Mary, Ambrose, Elizabeth, Lydia, 

John Tully, Pamell, Sarah, Anne and Daniel, twins. | 

I "Utij, (he fourth 'Saughter, married RtcJiard Dickinson of Saybrook, by 

rAtm she had eight children, namely, Richard, John, Charles, Geoi^e, 

nJH]'', Samuel, William, and Anne. 

r Sirah, by the second wife, was married to Samuel, eldest son of Etias, 
htDlber of the fether of said Sarah, whose family see hereafter. 

John, the eldest son, followed the business of a merchant for a number of 
J'eirs, bat taking the small pox in New York, died of it, by which event 
Hut bmocb of the family became extinct. John, the father of these cliil- 
itta. was bred to the business of hia father, but as he advanced in years, 
^cultnre became more congenial to his taste, and he devoted lo it all the 
lone not employed in discht^ng the duties of Town Clerk, an office that 
beheld a long time. 

Wiltifttn, the next hrolher to jnid John, married two wires, the first of 
whom was Anne Beament of Saybrook, pranddaughler to a ijrotber of the 
ame Mary Beament who married John Tully who came from England. 

By this wife he had two children, 1, Abigail ; 2, Anne, who died an in- 
ftsi one month old, five days after the mother expired, Aug. 5, 1748. 

Said Abigail married Seth Pratt of Saybrook, by whom she had five '^ 
■JiililreD, Azariah, Daniel. Ezra. Elisha, and Anne, 

The second wife of said WiUiam was Elizalwth Say of Lyme, to whom 

be was married August, 1750, and by whom be had the following children: 

Anne, b. June, 1751. 

William, b. Sept., 1752. d, aged C weeks. 
Elizabetb, b. Nov. 6. 1753. 
Repeibah.b. Feb, 12, 1755. 
Sarah,b.jM]. 5, 1757. 



^ 



I 



(2 The Tally Family of Saybrook, Ot. [April, 

William, b. Feb. 10, 1759, d. Oct. 5, 1811. 

Lydia, b Feb. 5. 17GI. d. Feb. 13, 1813. 

The mother of these children died Sept. 8, 1793. 

Elias, of second generation, married Mercy Pratt of tbe parisli of Pol*- 
paugh in Saybrook, by whom he had four children, namely, Samuel, b. May 
28, 1750. died Noi'. 1, 1827 ; Mercy, b. April 14, 1755, d. Aug. 26, 1775 ; 
Charles, b. July 30. 1752; Eunice, b. Aug. 5, 1758. 

Mercy, the moiher of Ibe last named children, died April 26, 1800, aged 
85. The said Mercy was born July 27, O. S., 1715. Samuel, the last 
male of the third generation, married Sarah, the youngest daughter of his 
uncle, John Tully, on the 6th of February, 1783, and by her bad the Ibllow- 
ing children: Sarah, h, Dec 8. 1783i,Mary Barker, b. Feb. 12, 1786i 
John, b. Oct. 4, 1788 ; Samuel Maverick, b. Nov. 28, 1790 ; Eunice, b. 
Feb. 7. 1794; Sophia, b. June 6, 1798. 

Elias, the second male of Ihe third generation, married AzubaJi, the dau, 
of Deftpon Samuel Kinland. Jan. 23, 1783, and had issue, Polly, b. Oct. 
21, 178.3 J Mercy, b. April 27, 1785 ; Betsey, b. March 18. 1787 ; A»ubah. 
b, March 20, 1789; Lucia, b. May 15, 1791 ; Ilarriei. b. March 21, 1794; 
Lydia,b. June 27, 1796. The moiher died June 27. 179G. The said Eliaj 
married Lydia, the daughter of Mr. Adouijuh Buckingham. Dec. 24, 1797, 
and had iiuue, Junnct. b. Nov. 15, 1799 ; Anne. b. March 22, 1801. 

William, tliird male of the third generalioa. married Eunice, second dau. 
of his uncle, March 13, 1785, and by her had a son, who, on Ihe 6tb of April, 
1786, was baptized by the name of William, who, having been libeniUy 
educated in Yale College and otherwise duly qualified for ilie practice of 
physic, resided awhile in Tililford. but in the winter of 1816, removed to 
Upper Middleton, lie married Mary Poller, diiugliier of Elam Potter of 
Enfield, Ct. 

Folly, the oldest daughter of Elias Tully, was married to Asa Eirlland, 
Jr., Feb. 18, 1607. Their son Asa, b. May 14. 1808. d. May 22 ; Henry, 
b July 4, 1809; A/ubah.b. Sept. 14. 1811; Elias Tully. b. Sept. 7. 1814; 
Frederick, b. July 31, 1817; Ozias H., b. Sept, 24, 1819; Mary Aun, b. 
Dec. 2G, 1821 ; Asa, b. Jan. 0. 1825 ; Emeline, b. Sept. 14, 1827. 

Mercy, the second daughter, was married to Dr. Asa Miller Holt of East 
Haddam, Sept., 181(i, and had issue. Elizabeth, b, Nov, 25, d. Dec. 26; . 
Theodore, b. May \?., 1818 ; Asa. b. Nov. 24. 1819; William, b. May, 1822; 
Harriet, b. Blarch 29, 1824; John. b. July, 1826, d. Dec 

Betsey, third daughter, m. Ozias Holmes of East Haddmn, Jan. 21, 
1808 : issue, Mary Ann, b. Feb. 4. 1809 ; Joseph, b. Dec 17. 1817. 

Lucia, fifth daughter, married George Henry Chapman of Saybixwfc. 
Nov., 1814 ; issue, George Henry, b. May 15, 1817 ; Harriet, b. April 15. 
1819; Edward, b. Dec, 2, 1820; Clarissa, b. June 12, 1824; Robert, b. 
Jan. 12, 1824. 

George Henry Chapman, above named, owns and resides upon the place 
which was originally owned and occupied by his ancestor. Robert Cliapman. 
who was bom in Hull. England, came to Boston in 1633, and to Saybniok 
in 1636. Said Robert married Ann Bliss, April 29. 1642. 

Harriet, sixth daughter, married Ezra Keilland, Oct. 6, 1821 i issue. 
Ellen, b. Feb. 18, 1823; Harriel. b. Feb. 6, 1826; Ann; Elizabeth; George. 

Lydia, seventh daughter, married TiVilliam Rufus CUrk of Saybrook, 
April 3, 1822 ; issue, Azuboh, b. Jan. 5, 1827 ; Mortimer, b. Jan. 12, 1829. 

Azubab, fourth daughter, married Samuel S Warner of Lyme, Nov. 17, 
1825 ; iasue. Mary, b. Aug. 23. 1826 ; Samuel, b. Dec 17, 1827. 



1849.] Indian War Papers. 163 

Lydia, wife of Eiiaa Tully, died Sept. 19, 1825, aged 60. Mr. Eliaa 
I Tally b now living in Saybroob, (Augui«l, 18-16,) aged 96 years, '^asaa 
meoa in sano corpore." 



INDIAN WAR PATERS. 



ICoalinued froin page 25.] 
VI. 

Province of 

Mayne Yorke May the l" 1690 

We wbotie names are under written beiiige Appoynted and Cnmmissioi)- 
aied by ibe Govern' and Counscell of the Mass«t,..saet CoUony in New 
england to viseit the Eslern parts A. in perteeular this province of Mayne 

In persuance of which we doe ndvise gueh as bere are called unlo and 
Intrusted wiih the Govermeni of eaid Province for iheire Majesies 

Imp'. Tbat they Kxert theire power lo uphold and Maynlaine the Gou- 
ertnent In keepeinge ihe pence and adminislring the Lawes (hat the end of 
Gonerment May be attained : to bo a terror to euell doers and .i prayed to 
ibera that doe well 

S" In Millitary Concerns that theire be due care taken In Walchinge 
A wardinge that you May not bo surprised by the Ennemy & suddenly 
deitroyed as other playgea hove benn 

S'^ Tbat you drow you' selve-i Into soe few Garrissons and those Boe 
Conveniently situate us you may be in a good poster of defence 

*■' That a Convenient Number of ibe Inhabilanee that know y" Coun- 
try be Imployed by turns in Cnslant Scoutinge 

5* That a. sulable party or partyea be sent forlb to disi'est and At- 
taacqk ibe Ennemy at tbere usall tisshinge places or Els Wheare as theire 
: In nil whicli : and all other your Conscerns We de- 
■t and bless you and subscribe 

Yours lo our power 



VII. 



John Halliom 
.lonatlian Corwin 



April: 2: 1693 



LeiDt HUl 

Last nigbt a Litle after mn sett Noah Emory was coming from Kitteiy 
lo Slurgion Creke Sc by Ihe waie sid herd som crackling of siickes : & 
berd a man nhissell: ufion which be stopt under a bush: and went an other 
TaieiJohn Smith coming afier him saw a man nere Sturgion Creke bridge 
■bo ran a waie down ilie creke : Smith being on horse back came lo my 
Garison — ihia morning I sent out som men who saw the Indiim track at 
the same place where Noab Emerey herd him whissell — Kepe out scouts 
■bout the borders of the lowne : I will send out from hence : all o' souldiers 
U the hanke are drawen of those y' belong lo you are sent up : dispose of 
ihem to such garison."! Qt present as you ihinke litt: I have given two of 
ihem liberty to goe home (or n few dayes : 

In ho'^t I Rcmaine yo' : Lo ; fVeind 
[Superscribed] Charles Ffrost major 

Ffor Leiol John Hill 

At Newitchawoneck 

Hast Pom Hast 



1 




I IM Indian War Papert. [April, 

vni. 

Boston : 23 Oct', 94. 
Major Hooke 

By this informe you that I have receved an account sent by Coll : Pm- 
cheon that came to liim hy an express from Albany that by 4 lodians that 
are com from Cnnada, that they are makinge great preperations for to 
Atack the English in seueral places and in perlickular at the easward, and 
the Indiens there shewed a ba^g of English scalps and ingodged forthwith 
to retume ic send out 130 men to destroy the English ; and tlie goueraour 
of Canada resolved to fall upon the English about Albany, ihes Indiense 
cam from Canada about the 22 : Septembr last yo° are therefore 

to put y' aelvea and neybourea in the best posture you can for theire secu- 
rity & for the discouery of the enemy, and to gayne any sdvantodg yo" 
can upon them ; if there be anythinge wantinge for yo' defence and iheyre 
Majesty's servis that there is an opertuniiy to suply yo" with; informe by 
the first, and forthwith take care to give information to y* neybours at pis- 
cataqua york wells & Sacoe that soe they may not be surprysd. 
y' Lo : freind 

William Phi pa 
Vera eopia 
[Superscribed] 
For Liut Abraham Treble and Liut: Anthony Brackett and from them 
lo be conveyd forthwith to Wells to the oficers there, and from thence to be 
posted forthwith to Capt Hill at Sacoe 

lett this be sent unto M' Wheelwright to be remunerated 
Hast post hast 
for theire M^esly's serrice 

IX. 

Oetob': 26 1694 Kittery 
lAat Preble & 
Lieut. Brackett 

The last night I was at Newbery intendinge for Boston but preuented 
by a post letter from the govemour a copy of which is underwritten \hj 
which yo" may perceive we may speedily expect the enemy to be amongst 
us, therefore yo" are required to take efectuall c^re to keep a strict watch 
& warde to prevent a surprysall and to keep out what scouts posible yo' 
can in york & Wells for to make n discouery of them if may be, before, 
they com in upon us, pray post thii^ away imeadiatly to Wells that soe it 
may be posted to Capt Hill thus not doubtinge of care herein 
I remayn y' Louinge freind 

Francis Hooke 
X. 

Wells August 13»; 1C96 — 
8onn HiU 

I am now at Wells with twenty liorse Intonding to Com over to 3rou but 
hereiug of severall guns about y</ parts I have sent over three men to know 
how it is with you I Jiave an order from the governor to assist you ia 
drawing of: and I have an order from the Leu' gouernor to draw of & 
bring a wale what can be transported liy Land : &, to hide ihe rest in 
the ground with the great guns : but o'' townes are soe weake for want of 
men UiBt if the enemie be about you we fere wee are to weke to oom and 
bring yoD of: I was informd as I writ to you thai Major Church waa com 

• [It ii No. Vm, of ihii UTm.\ 




Indian War Paper*. 165 

h but it is not soe but tis aaid he is coming with three hunderd 
_wGidney with five hundred meo to o' Besistams : o' people 
are maefa troubled that yo' fort should be Demollisheil : Capl Chubb gave 
up his fort irithoul firing a gun against the Enemie, Let me here from 
you by the barer here of ray Love to yo" selfe and wife : I pray god to 
keepe yon from the Rage of the Enemie : 

I Remaine 
lis said six Indians Yo* Loving fikther in Law 

were sem here this day Charles FfroBt 

[Superscribed] 
To Cap*. John Hill At Saco tfort 
Hast post Hast 



XI. 



Brother Hill my Kind Love to you with my wifes : hoping these 
few Lines will find you in good health as we are all at present Blessed be 
^ for it; It hath pleased god to take a way; Major Frost — the Indent 
waylad him Last Sabbath day as he was coroioge whom from meetting at 
night ; and Killed him and John Heards wife and Denea Downing : and 
John He&rd is wounded ; the Good Lord santiiie it to us all ; it is a Great 
Loss to the whole Province ; and Espesely to his famyiey : and Last Mon- 
day the post that Cam to Wells as they went to goe whom Ihe Indens 
Killed them a bout the marked tree : namly Nicholas Smith Proper ; and 
Hennery Simson ; Brother mistress Frost is very full of sory ; and all her 
Qiildren : Cousen Charles and John was with there Father : and Escaped 
wonderfuly: and seuerall others with them ; Capt Brekett went with som 
of bu Company a Monday by the way of Nechewanatk and I went with 
lliem — and was there at the Major's Funeral! ; aud I see your wile full of 
grvef : and your Child is well ; M" Frost and sister & all your Brothers 
A Msters Remembers theire loue to you ; and Emestly desires you to com 
over if you can possible without danger 

pray doe not venter In the day to Com ; Remember our Love to all our 
Brothers and sislers and Cousens ; and the good Lord Keepe ua in these 
p«rr«led times and santylie alt his Awfull dispensations to us noe more at 






praying for you 

your uery Louinge Brother 
Joseph Siorei 
iella the: lO"^ July 1697 
'^ XII. 



Imt 
Kitteryy'0"'9'"lG75 

joa are desired to Expediate downe the Soldiers appertening lo this gar- 
rison & pray Let them bring downe Jn" Heards cattle Intended for Slaugh- 
ter w^ Ich witiom [?] wili itiforme with Ihem, aud Also Jn° Rofse his 
" "* 18 all for present. Not doubting y' punctuality, I rest 

yo' tfriend and serv' 

Richard AUexander 
Ser' to y' Garryson. 
[Tluf nolo "is wrilMn on llic sune paper with No. I. of ihis icriei] 




Il«8 



Early Records of Weyrrwuth. 



^H EARLY RECORDS OF WEYMOUTH. 

^^^1 [Copied by Mb. Ctbcs Orcutt, for lite N. E. Genealogical Bed Anliqua 
^HP^> [Continiipd from Fige T2.] 



[April, 



I 



Samuel son of William & Elizabeth Cliard 

Experience of Jolin & Mary Bicknell 

Samuel of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmareh 

Elizabeth of Richard & Mary Philips 

Hannah of Samuel and Hannah Pratt 

Joseph of Joseph & Sarah Pratt 

Amy of Thomaa & Jane Drake 

Jacob eon of Andrew & Ellen Ford 

Lidda of John & !llary Rodgera 

Mai'y of John in Abigail Whitman 

Jnmefi son of Daniel & Sarah fairlield 

John son of John & Phehe Taylor 

Hannah of Thoraaa & Rebecca Kingman 

Sarah of Halhi'ook Born of Sarah Holbrook > 

Alice daughter of ilohn & Alice Sliaw 

Joseph of Joseph & Sarah Shaw 

Thomas of John & Elizabeth Hollin 

Sarah of Samuel & Experience King 

John of John & Sarah Barllett - 

Samuel son of Thomas & Rulh Bajley 

James of James & Jane Lovell 

John son of John & Deliverance Porter 

Mary of Joseph &i. Elizabeth Green 

Joanna of William & Elizabeth Chard 

of Daniel & Sarah Fairfield 
Zcchariah son of John & Sarah Whitmar^^h 
Mary Daughter of Richard & Rebbeeca Gurney 
Elizabeth of Jame« & Mary Smith 
Rulh of Simeon & Sarah Whilmariih 
Richard son of Richard & Mary Phillips 
Thomas of John & Mary Vintng 
Elizabeth of Andrew & Eilen Ford 
Experience of John & Mary Rodi;ers 
Susanna of Nicholas Jt Jiannnh Whitmarsh ' 
Zachary son of John tt. Mar}' Bicknell 
Mary Daughter of Matthew & Sarah Prait 
Mary of Samuel & Hannah Pratt 
Hannah of John ic Alice Shaw 
Samuel son of Stephen & Hannah French 
Henry son of John ic Elizabeth Kingman 
John son of Joseph & Sarah Pratt 
Mary of John & Mercy Randall 
Edward son of Nathaniel & Susanna Blandher ' 
John son of John & Abisail Whitman 
Andrew son of John &. Jane Lovell 
Hannah of James & Jane Lovell 
Patience of John Ic Esther King 

[To b« eoDliniud.J 



bom 



Oct I 1665 
Oct 20 1665 
Oct 27 1665 
Nov 27 1665 
Dec 21 1665 
Feb 2 1665 
Feb 3 1665 
Feb 20 1665 
March ] 1666 
Mar 10 1666 
Mnr le 1666 
April 10 1666 



Jul 



1 1 



3 1666 
July G 1666 
Oct 21 1666 
Jan 7 1666 
Jan 31 1666 
Feb 11 1666 
Feb 21 1G66 
Mar 7 1067 
Julv 12 1667 
Aug 15 1667 
Aug 17 1667 
Aug 24 1667 
Sept 1 16C7 
Sept 9 1667 
Sept 14 1667 
Sept 29 1667 
Oct 20 1667 
Oct 30 1667 
Nov 2 16B7 
Nov 29 16S7 
Jan 18 16G7 
Feb 7 1 667 
this year 1667 
March ^ 1668 
Apr 7 1668 
May 5 1 668 
May 11 1668 
51ay 17 1668 
May 31 1668 
June 7 1 668 
June 22 1668 
June 28 1668 
Sept 29 1668 
Oct 4 1608 



_ 1 



- ■ ^ 

f.j Archives of Connectimt. 167 ^J 

ARCmVES OF CONNECTICUT. ^H 

' [Cooiiniuucated for the N. E. Gea. and Antlqunriiin Journal, by Hit, Wm. S- Pohtbs.J 

Besides the Records of the Sinie, and' the various manuscript volumes 
ID ihe office of Secrelary of Stale, there is a great quantity of papers 
which have been accumulaiing since the settlement of ibe colony of Con- 
nncliCDt, some ol" which were filed, and olliers in disorder. About _^/ti/ 
thaiannd of these have been arranged and parted into books, where ihey 
VK easily accessible. This wan done under direction of the Conneclicut 
Hij^orical Society, by Sylvester Judd of Northampton, who indexed a few 
volunies ; for the expenses of which ihe General Assembly mac'e an appro- 
priation to the Society. To complete the work of indexing, the Assembly 
tuthorixed the Secretary of Stale to employ a Clerk. Two or three vol- 
timea were indexed under direction of Mr, Secretary Tyler, In the fall of 
1846, Mr. Secretary Bradley, who wpU understood the character of the 
work (o be done, employed and gave suitwUe directions to William S. 
Porter of Farmington, to continue the indesing, who has been retained by 
the present Secretary, Mr. Robertson. 

The papers were arranged under beads aa follows : 

MUitia, 5 volumes. 

War, 10 volumes, including Indian, French, Spanish wars. &c. 

lUvolulionary War, .37 volumes of great interest and importance. 

Iiuitanx, 2 volumes. 

Piieate Controversies, fi volumes i useful in tracing family hisloriea. 

Eeeleuascical, 15 volumes, giving a hisloiy of societies and ecclesiastical 
afiairs, as yet but Utile explored. 

Thtens and Lands, 10 volumes; of great value in compiling the histories 
of the several (owns, ibeir settlement, organization, ice. &c. 

Suxquf/ianna and Wfslem Lands. I volume ; fbowing our claims in 
Pennsylvania and the Western Reserve, Ac. 

Colonial Boundaries, 3 volumes, in which are copies of many valuable 
«w1y bislorical documents. , 

Foreign Correspondence, 2 volumes, of great interesl. The first contains 
original letters from Kings, Queens, Dukes, Lords, &r., and Ihe second, 
letters on foreign affairs, ilte., many of which reUiie lo the. charter, and 
rights and privileges of the colony. 

Tfiu/e and Manufactures, 2 volumes. 

Travel, 3 volumes; Highways, Ferries, and Bridges. 

Industry, 2 volumes ; Agriculture, Manufactures, Fisheries, and Miues. 

CoUegrs and Schools. 2 volumes. 

Oourls. Civil Officers, Laws, ^c, 3 volumes. 

Court Paptn, 1 volume. There are Court Papers still in files sufficient 
for 20 volumes. 

Insalceni Debtors, I volume. i 

Lotteries and Divorces, 1 volume. ^ 

Critnes and Misdemeanors, G volumes. 

Miscellaneous, 2 volumes. Vol. 1. contains, Papers relating to Sir Ed- 
mond Andros ; The Union with New IFaven ; Commissioners from Eng- 
land; Appeals 10 England, Ice. Vol II. eont;iin8, Papers relating to 
^very ; Houses Burned : Briefs for C^barilable Collections ; Imiuesls ; 
Small Poi, &e. 

Finance and Currency. 5 volumes. 

Fincmeu. 2 velunM. 



Last of the Signers. 



[April, 



^^1 Journal of the Tmo Homes, Conventions, ^-c, 3 Toluiues. 

^H Votes for StaU Officers. 3 rolumeB. 

^^H Reports of the ComptroHer, 3 volumes. 

^^1 Reports of Treasurer and Auditar, 2 volumes. 

^^H Grand Lists, 2 volumes. 

^^H Misceiianeous Statistics, 1 volume. 

^^P These 136 volumes, embracing about 50,000 papers, are b; no nieaoa the 

^^1 irhole. They ioclude very few papers of a more recent date than 1790; 

^^P and from that dat« back to 170G are many papers still in files, mo^t of 

^^ which should be arranged in volumes and indexed. 

The indexes are full and complete. Every paper te carefully read, and 
an analyaia given, under appropriate heads, in the general index ; and 
alphabetical lists ore given of the names of all important persons and 
places ; and on a pa^ preceding the index of each volume ia given a 
synopsis of the index ; so that, at a single glance, the contents or subjects 
of the volume may be seen. 

Thus facilities are rendered to any who wish to investigate any subject 
pertaining to the history of this commonwealth, or town or family historiea ; 
for here are many papers relating to the history of every town and almost 
every ancient family in the slate. 



LAST OF THE SIGNERS. 

[The following wd ciil fraoi Eomc Boston paper nine years ago. Wc should like lo ice it 
beat.] 

Error corrected. — We lately [lublighed a paragraph, which appeared 
originally in the Fhihkdelphiu Gazette, sUUing timt only (wo of the sons of 
the Signers Of the Declaration ov Independence ore now living. 
This is incorrect, as appears by the ibilowing lines in the above paper, from 
ft genuine scion of one of the signers : 

THE DEAD ALIVE. 
WliBt, Mr. Eilitor, (^1 in ;onr head, 
fio u conrouQd tho quick and dead, 
And kill off, of "Tbb Siamcns" cme, 
Eaeh son ibej left, excepLiog '■ Two" — 
To wit, " North Bend " aod Johnny Q. 7 
Marder by wholesale ! 1 eaa tell 
Al lea.1t a dozen, lire and well, 
" Beiidex the rent " I coald set dawn, 
If old Aunl Smith were now in town. 
Ei.bb:dok Gerhy, be left wh, 
And ao did FnAWc:B Hopkiskin ; 
MOHBIS leftftro, and Robh left /our. - 
CI.TUER aud WiLsos, cBcli. one mon. 
McKram and P*cb*, enrli a. ton. 
And Waltom, Lea, and Miudi.ktow — 
"Alive and kicking" — everyone. 
These Jlfttm killed off— whm a pitj 1 
Eight mnrdered in this very ciiy I 
Yes, Sfleen grntei nntimelv flll'od ! 
But I, for one, will not " stay killed." 
If Co inch wrong I said not nay, 
I 'd be bnt a poor son of a — 



J 



1849.] The Pease Famih 



THE PEASE FjiJUILY. 
(Bj FREDBnioK S. P]!Asi{ of Albany, N. Y., Member of CliB N. B. Hiei. Geneal. Soc] 



(3) in. John. [I~1.] born March 30. 1G54. removed to Enfield, Ct., 
1G79, married Margurel Adama of Ipsvricb, died 1734, fe. 80. 
I ^ It is staled by Joseph Pease, that John and Robert, who re- 

k^^^ moved to Enfield in ICTU. lived, the firaC winter, in an excava- 

H^^^ tion wliicli tliey made in the side of a hill. It wast about forty 

^^^[ rods eiist Irom wheru the old meeting house stood. He left 

children, 
9—1.— John, b. at Salem. 1678. (8) ' 
10— 2.— James, b. at Salera. 1679. (9> 

II— 3.— Joseph, b. at Enfield, 1693. (10) 
Margaret, h. 1683, m. Josiah Colton, 1709, d. 1775. Had two 
L sons and five daughters : Josiah, b. 1709 ; Job,b. 1711; Ealher, 

f b. 1714, m. Obadiah Hurlbut, 1745; Margaret, b, 1716, m. 

L David Phelps, 1737 ; Abiuh, b. 1718, m. Colonel John Bliss of 

I Wilbraham. and d. 1803; .ion, b. 1720, m. John Parsons, 

I 1740 ; Hannah, who m. Joseph Gleason, 1745. 

I Sarah, b. in. Timothy Root. 1710, settled in Somers, 

\ 1713, d. 1750. Had two sons and five daughters r Timothy, b. 

I 1719; Thomas, b. 1720; Elizabeth, who m. Ebetiezer Spen- 

I cer, 1733 ; Sarah, who m. John Abbe, 173D. 

I Mary, b. m, Thomas Abbe, 1714, d. 1746. Had 

\ two sons and five daughter;;: Obadiah, b. 1728, d. young; 

■ Thoma,^, b. 1731, d. 1811; Mary, who m. Dennia Bement, 

\ 1737; Sarah, who m. Nalhaiiiel Chapin; Tahitha, who m. 

Ephraim Pease, 1740. 
Ann, b. m. Jeremiah Lord, 1719, settled in East 

Windsor, d. 1753. Had two sons and one daughter. 

(4) HL Robert, [2—2.] born March 14, 165C, removed to Enfield, 1679, 

d. 1744, ffi. 88, Had four sons and three daughters : 
12— I.— Robert, b. 1684. (11) 
13— 2.— Samuel, b. 1686. (12) 
14— 3.— Daniel, b. 1692. (13) 
15 — t.— Ebeoezer, b. 1698. (14) 

Abigail, m. Nathan HaywarJ, had two sons, Thomas and Ebene- 

zer, and five daughters. 
Mary, m. Israel Phelps, 1703, had one son and three daughters. 
Haanuh, m. David Miller, and bad one daughter Gershom Sex- 
ton was her second husband, by whom she had five sons and 
four daughters. 

(5) HL Jonathan, [5 — 5.] bom Jan. 2, 1CG8, married Elizabetii Booth, 

1693, died 1721. Had children : 
IC — 1, — David, b. 1698, removed lo the Southern States. 
17 — 2 — Josifth, b. 1706, went to Massachusetta. 

— Pelatiah, b. 1709, m. Jemima Booth. 1736, d. 1769, had four sons 
and one daughter. One of the sons, Jonathan, d. in Seheneo- 
■ tady, 1760. 
11 




I 



ITO r/«! Petue FamUy. [A^ 



1 



Rebecca, m. John Fierce, and had four sons and two daughters. 
Elizabeth, m. Ebenezer Chapin and had two 60DS and five daugh- 
ters. 

(6) in. James, [6—6.] bom Oct. 23, 1670, removed to Enfield, when he 

was ten years old, m. Hannah Harman, 1695, died 1748. Had 

chiidren : 
Hannah, b. 1700, m. Benjamin Teny, 1721, bad six sona and three 

daughlers. 
Elizabeth, b. 1703, m. Benjamin Meacham, 1722, had eight sons 

and three daughters. 
MaT7, b. 170C,ni. Jacob Terry, 1730, had five sons and two daugh* 

Abigail, b. 1708, m. Nathaniel CoUing, 1735, had three sons and 

six daughters. 
Sarah, b, 1710, m. Jonathan Terr}-, had two sons and three daugh- 

19_l._Joseph, b. 1712. (15) 

Jemima, b. 1716, m. Lot Eillam, 1739, had four song and six 
daughters. 

(7) in. Isaac, [7—7.] born July 15, 1672, married Mindwell Osborn, 

1691, died 1731,(6.59. Had children: 
20— 1,— Isaac, b. 1693. (16> 
21— 2.— Abraham, b. 1695. (17) 
22— 3.— Israel, b. 1702. (18) 
23— 1.— Ezekiel, b. 1710. (19) 
24— 5,— Timothy, b. 1713. (20) 
25— 6.— Cummings, b. 1715. (21) 
26— 7.— Benjamin, b. 1717. (22) 

Ann, m, Nathaniel Prior, 1725. 

Abigail, hbloiy unknown. 

FOURTH OEXERATION. 

(8) IV. John, [9-1.] born at Salem, Uli 

of Hartford, Cl., died 17G1, ic. 8; 
27— 1.— John, b. 1726. (23) 

(9) IV. James, [10—2.] bom at Salem, 1679, removed to Enfield, 1679, 

married Mary Abbe, dau. of Thomas Abbe, 1710, settled in 
Somera, 1713, nnd died there. Had one son, 
28— 1.— Richard, b, 1717, (24) 

(10) rV. Joseph, [11—3.] bom in Enfield, 1693. married Mary Spencer 

of Hartford, Ct., 1727, died 1757. Had three sons, who all 
left Enfield, and a daughter Mary, b. 5 Nov., 1734, m. Captain 
David Parsons of Eufield, d. at Freetown, Ms., Nov., 1783. 

29-1.— Joseph, b. 1728. d. in Suffield. 16 Oct., 1794. 

SO— 2.— Stephen, b. 5 Feb., 1731, d. Nov., 1816. at Long Meadow, Ms. 

SI— 3.^Jonathan, b. 11 Sept, 1740, d. at Ellington, Ct^ 1824. 

(11) IV. Robert, [12—1.] bom 1084, removed from Enfield to Somere, 

between 1713 and 1727 or 1734, and died 1766, a;. 82. His 
first wife was Hannah Sexton, by whom he had one daughter, 
311 — 1. — Mirriam, who ra. Nathaniel Pease, 1730. (25) 

His second wife was Elizabeth Emery,* by whom ho had, 



i 



1849-3 TU Pease Familif. 171 

32— S^Bobert, b. 1724. (26) 
SS- 3.— Emery, b. 1727. (27) 
34 — l^-Abtel, b 1737, died at Somera, 1806. without male iaBue. He 

left one daughter. He was an officer in the Revoluiiouary 

army. 
35— 5.— Noah, b. 1740. (28) 
(IS) IV. Samdei^ [IS— 2.] born 1686, married Elizabelh Warner, died 

1770. Had childn-n : 
36— 1.— Samuel, b. 1717, m. Teriah Chapin, Bellied and died in Enfield. 

They had three sons who were Shakers at Enlield, Ct,, and New 

Lebanon, N. Y,. Eli, Eliaa, and Peler. Peter was one of those 

who established the Shaker Society at a place now called 

Union Village, near Lebanon, Ohio, in 1806." 
37— 2.— Ephraim, b. 17ia. (29) 
38— 3.~Aaron, b. (30) 

39— i^Nathaniel, b. 1725. (31) 

Mary, m. James Gains, and had one son and two 

daughters. 
Elizabeth, m. John Allen, and had one son and two 

daughlers. 
Joanna, m. Benjamin Boot, and bad one son and 

one daughter. 
Mary, m. Christopher Parsons, and had three sons 

and four daughters, 
(13) IV. Daniel, [14—3.] horn 1692, married Abigail Fletcher, aettled 

in Somers. Had four sons and four daughters: 
40— 1.— Daniel, b. 1718. 
41— 2.— 'William. 42— 3.— Parker. 43— 4 —Asa. 

IV. Ebenbzer, [l;j — 4.1 born 1696, married Mindwell Sexton, died 

1743, bad two sons : 
i-1.— Ebeneier, d. 1784. (32) 

j; 

Adajof Jaty 1768, make and nDhtuli tbit m^ Inst Will.— 1 eive to son Itobert Pease 

-MQings, ton Emcrv F., fiie ehillines, und iwa sheep, son Abiel P. Sve iliilliB^, son 

Are thilliagf, to dau. BaUilhcba Hunt, Ave Elullinga, lo (p^nd'son BenjamiD Jones 




_. . _ . le shall urLve at llie »^e of 21 yeari. All the 
_ ..._ ovables to bo equally divided among all mj dnuglitcrs, and my ion -in -law 
B Bood. Except to mv dan, Mnry Pease, one Cow besides the division meniioned. 
JBmery mj ciecotor — but so as not lo bo accountable for any bad debtordobu — 
libs paid alt hia cost and expense in exceuting sd tnuu 

JUt 13 da/ of July in Itie Bib year of ihs Bti-^n of out SorcrcigD Lord George ye 3d, 
■d in the jear of onr l^rd. 1768. 

]n pretence of Stepbcn Sexton Elizajieth Pease. 

Joseph Sexton 
PTom the above instrameiil may be learned the method of disposing of ostntes in those 
dayi, namely: the real estate nu divided among; the heiis aceording to entablisbed laws, 
if no will by the husband, wiiliout any will of the widow, and initrpniltHlly of it, as she 
bd DO control over real estate belonging to her husbaDd. to dispose of i^ except by bis 
«1U. But ihe wu at liberty Co make each disposstion of alt the jitrianal ana nunabit 
prapenr as sbe pleased. 

* To what particniar family the followiag persons belonged, we are unable yet to slate ', 
bal that tbey were of Ibis branch of the family is beyond ijnesliaa. 

There lived in Somers, prerioos to \^S3. Lot and Sarah Pease, who had foar sons and 
1*0 danphlen, aameiy. Samuel, Caleb, Enoch, Lot, Jemima, and Elisabeth. 



lo the Society in Hancock, Ms,, and died there a year or two since. Enoch 
ganiaation there, where he d. S Oct, 1831, liighly respected. Lot, the father, was 



preacher at Enfield, hnt lell the Soclcly some eighteen jeani n;;o. Samnel, the eldest 
san, w«« b. ItJ Sept., 1TG6. He removed to Watervliet, My, 1788, al the time of the or- 



old French War. 



^ 



The Peage Family. [April, 

45— 2.-^ames, b. 1724. (33) 

(15) IV. Joseph, [19—1.) bom J7:2, Jied 1800. Had four sons: 
46— 1.— Noflh, b. 1736. 

47— 2.— .Toseph, died 1758. 

48 — 3. — Gideon, eetlled and died in Enfield. 

49— 4.— James, died in Romer«, in 1830. 

(16) IV. Isaac, [20—1.] bom 1693, marrifid Amio French, 1722, died 

1757. Haddiildren: 
50— 1.— Isaac, (34) 
fil_2.— Abner. (35) 
62 — 3.— Jacob, 
53— 4.— Noadiah, (36) 

Ann, m. Ebenezer Hall, 1763, and resided in New Marlborough, 

Mass. 
Laurani, m. John Gaines, 1755, died in Granhy, Cl. 
Another dau. m. a Brooks, and d. ia New Marlborough, and 
aaolber m, a McGregory, and lived and died in Enfield. 

(17) IV. Abraham, [21—2.] Iwrn 1695, married for his first wife, Je- 

mima Boolh, 171H. His second wife was Abigail Warreti. 

He died 1750. Had children by his first wife : 

54—1 Abraham, b. 1721. 

55— 2.— John, b. 1725, settled in SufBeld. 

Also a daughter, who m. "William Lord, 1752, and a son, who d. 

young. By his second wife, 
56—3. — Moses, settled and died in Enfield. (37) 
57— 4.— Samuel, d. 1772. (38) 
68— 5.— Joel, b. 1737. 

59— 6.— Nathan, b. 1740, removed to Wilbmham. 
60 — 7. — Gideon, b. 1741, removed ro Massachusells. (39) 
61— 8.— Josiah, b. 1744. 
62— 9.- William, b. 1746, d. at Enfield. 

63—10 Zcbulon, b. 1749, d, 1829. 

Also a daughter, who married Nathaniel FarEons,and a son, wbo 

(18) IV. Israel, [22—3.] bom 1702, married Sarah Booth, 1726, died 

1771. Had children: 
64— 1.— Israel, d. in Middlefield, Ma. (40) 
C5— 2.— David, b- 1729, d. in Enfield. 
GG— 3.— Hezekiah, d in Enfield. 
G7 — 1.— Jesse, b. 1739. 
68— 6.— Nathan, d. in EnfielU. 

Sarah, who ra, Jeremiah Lonl. 

Mindwell, who m. Ebenezer Terry. 

Alice, who m. Thomas KooL 

Balhsbeba. who m. David Wilson. 

(19) rV. EzEKiEL. [23—4.] bom 1710, married Hannah Chandler, 1732, 

died 1793. Haddiildren: 
69— 1.— Ezekiel, b. Aug. 18, 1734. (41) 
70— 2.— Henry Chandler, b. Feb. 11, 1788. (42) 
73— 3.— Isaac, b. June 1, 1752. (43) 

Olirer, b. Sept. 6, 1754, d. young. 
Hannah, b. Jan. 11, 1732, m. Job Gleason, had three sons and 
seven daughters. 



1849.] The Pease Family. t78 

Abiab, b. Aug. 11, 173G, m. Samuel Gowdy, 17^9, had four sons 

and three daughters. 
Jane, b. Aug. 13, 1743, m. Obadiab Hurlbnt, had ooe son and 

four daugblera. > 

Mebitabel, b. Sept. 23, 1745, m. Edward Parsotts, had two sons 

and four daughteri-. 
Sarah, b. Feb. 28, 1747, in. Jehitl Markhara, had two sona and 

two daughters, 
Eleanor, b. Mai-eb 15, 1741. 
Abigail, b. March 15, 1749. 

(20) IV. Timothy, [24—5.] born 1713, married Mary Chandler, 1736, 

died 1794. Had children : 

72— 1..— Timothy, b. 1737, settled in Enfield. He had Ihreo sons and two 
dangbters, Abigail. Levi, Rutb, Jonathan, and Justin. They 
were Shakers at Enfield, Ct. Justin was killed by lightning, 
while engaged in getting in hay, some thirty years ago. Levi, 
the second child, b. 5 Aug., 1771, removed to Watervliet, N. Y., 
15 June, 17yO, and d. there in the Shaker society, highly re- 
spected, 5 Sept., 1832. Timothy, ttie father, was in the "Old 
French War." 

73— 2.— Edward, settled in Enfield. (44) 

74 — 3. — James, " " " 

Mary, m. Wareham Parsons; Abigail, m. David Terry ; Martha, 
d. youngi Deborah, ra. Gideon Peasej Dorcas, m. Isaac 
Pease; Lydia, m. Ezekiel Pease; one daughter m. Benjamin 
King; another m. Samuel Hale, and another m. Freegrace 
Hancock. 

(21) IV. CtmMUiGs, [i5 — 6,] born 1715, married Elizabeth Peose, dau. 

of John Pease, for his first wife. He married his second wife, 
Sarah Hale, 1755. Had by his first wife : 
75— 1.— CummingB, left Enfield. (45) 
76— 2.— Ehenezer. 
17— 8.— Asa, d. in Enfield. (46) 

Love, who m. Jacob Hills, and Ruth, who m. David Hale. 
By his second wife he had two sons. 

(22) IV. BiiNJAUiN, [26— 7.] born 1717, married Abigail Rose, died 

1768. HadchUdren: 
Benjamin, m- Mai^rct Prior, died at Enfield. They 

became members of the Shaker society in Enfield. 
Two daughters died young. Abigail, m. Zacheus Prior, 1759. 

Lucy, m. Reuben Perkins. Rose, m. Daniel Kingsbury. Da- 

moris, m. Edward Collins, 

FIPTJI GENERATION. 

(2$) V. John, [27—1.] born 172G, married for his first wife, Eatbsheba, 
daughter of Thomas Jones, one of the early settlers of Enfield. 
He was a large farmer in the eastern part of Enfield. His 
location was part of the share which was assigned to bis grand- 
father, in the distribution of the land at the first settlement of 
the town. Hod cbildren : 

73— 1.— John, b. 1753, (47) 

f&— 2.— Thomas, b, 1754, m. Merey, dati. of Josiab Hal! of Somers, re- 
moved, in early life, to Ellington, where he died, about 1815, 
leaving four eons and three daughters. Ue was a farmer. 



1 



%U Tlie Peate Family. [•^pnl* 



^^M go — 3. — Gideon, m. Prudence, dau. of Aeahel Sexton; re- 

^^1 moved earl; to Vermont, where he died, about 1824, leaving a 

^^1 large family of sods and daughters. He has a grandson in 

^^1 Salem, Racine Co., Wisconsin. 

^^P 61 — 4. — Simeon, b. 1764, m. Susan, dau, of Ebenezer McGregory, 1787, 
^V died in Hartford, 1827, je. 63. Had nine childreo, most of 

whom died in early life. The last of them died in 1844. 
82 — 5. — Elizabeth, b. 1756, married, for her ihird husband, Joshua Gid- 
dings of Hartland, Ct, who removed to Western New Tork, 
and was among the pioneers of the region. She subseqaently 
removed to Ohio, where she died, at an advanced age. She 
left three sons, the youngest of whom is the Hon. Joshua R. 
Giddings, M. C for the northeast district of Ohio. 
88 — 6. — Bathsheba, m. EU McGregory, who removed to the Slate of New 
Xork. She died in the northern part of the state, at an ad- 
vanced i^e. Had three eons and three daughter. 
(24) V. RiCHABD, [28—1.] born 1717. Had a son, 
84— 1.— Richard. (48) 

(2^ V. Joseph, [29—1.] bom Aug. 10, 1728, removed to Suffield, Sept., 
1750, married Alindwell, daughter of Lieut. Josiah King, July 
" 28, 1756, died Oct. 16, 1794. He was a successful merchant, 
a zealous advocate for liberty, and suffered much in the strug- 
gle for Independence ; stood high in the confidence of his towns- 
men, whom be often served in a public capacity. Children, 
85— 1.— Augustine, b. May 18. 1757. (49) 
86— 2.— Zeno, b. Feb. 2, 1759. (50) 
87— 3.— Oliver, b. July 27, 1760. (51) 
88— 4.— Royal, b. April 15, 1762. (52) 
89_5._Seth, b. Jan. 9, 1764. (53) 
aO— 6.— Mindwell, b. March 16. 1765, d. May 20, 1765. 
"91_7._Joseph, b. Sept. 11, 1766, (54) 
92— 8.— Calvin, b. Aug. 22, 1768. d. Aug. 27. 1775. 

93— 9.— Mindwell, b. Aug. 31, 1770, m. Gideon Granger. late Postmaster 
General, Jan. 14, 1790. Had children: Ralph, b. Nov. 22, 
1790; Francis, b. Dec 1,1792; John A., b. Sept. 11. 1795, 
and a son, who died young. 
94__10.— William, b. June 22, 1772. (55) 
95_n.— Calvin, b. Sept. 9, 1776. (56) 

(25) v. MiRRiAM, [311 — 1.] m. Nathaniel Pease, in 1730. This Nathan- 
iel was the eldest son of Robert Peaae, who, according to tra- 
dition, came directly from England to Enfield, and was a dis- 
tant relative of the original Pease family in that town. He 
was designated by the name of "latter" Robert, and admitted 
an inhabitant of Enfleld in 1687, and settled on the lot south 
of the Somera rood. He married Hannah Warriner.1691, and 
had three sons, bom in Enfield, via : 

Nathaniel, above mentioned, who was b. 1702 ; Joseph, b. 
1707, and Benjamin. Nntlianiel kept a lavem in Blandfordi 
Ms., and aUerwards removed to Balleton, or Stephentown, N, 
Y., where he died. Children of Mirriam and Nathaniel: 
96—1. — Nathaniel, b. 1737. whose daughter, Huldah, ra. Ebeneier Pease. 
(See No. (63) VI.) This Nathaniel is said to have been a 
sea-faring man, and to have died at sea. He married and set- 
tled in Enfield, Ct., and had three children, born in that town. 



4 




p.'} JieffUter of Deaths in Northampton, Ms. 175 



( 

^^^^ He sabsequently lell Enfield, and was gone for seve-al years 

^^^B to parta UDkDown ; during which time his wife married one 

^^^V Benjamin Parsons. On his reLum to Enfield, ascrlaining 

^^^^ vhat had taken place during his absence, and finding that his 

^^^^ wife preferred her latter husband, he eoon disappeared, and 

*^"^ was never afterwards seen or heard of (here. 

97— 2.— Levi, b. 1739. (57) 

98— 3.— Abel, b. 1741. 

99 — t— "William, (58) 

100— 5.— Joel, 

101 — 6. — George, 

Eleanor, who m. a Holcomb ; Hannah, who ra. a Wheeler ; Mir- 
riam, who m. a Jones, and another daughter, who m. an Ash- 

(K) T. Egbert, [32—2.] bom 1724, died 1805, fe. 81. He resided in 
Blandford, about 1780, one or two years, where he lost the 
most of his property, by the depreciation of continental money, 
which he received in payment for a farm, at a time when it 
was mode "lawful tender for the payment of debt£." He spent 
the remainder of his days at Somers. His children were, 

IOJ—1.— Robert, d. 1827, le. 78. (59) 

lOS— 2.— Stephen, b. about 1755. (60) 

lOi— 3.— Ahner, b. Nov. 9, 1757. (6l) 

1(15—^ — Era^tus, b. about 1759, married, and resided in Newport, died a 
few months after his marriage. He had one daughter, Ann, 
who m, a Coe, and resided in Newport. 

108— 5.— AlpheuB, b. about 1762. He served in the Revolutionary war, 

»was taken prisoner by the British, and afterwards exchanged. 
He removed, with h's family, to Lewis Co., New York, when 
it was a wilderness, at that time called the "Black River 
Coontiy." (C2) 
(To be continned.] 



BEGISTER OF THE DEATHS IN NORTHAMPTON, MS^ 

7B0M ITS FIKST SETTLEMENT IN IBSO TO 1700. 

[Communicsled by Mr. Sihdgl W. Lee, of Ihac place.*] 

March 8, Sarah, dan. of Samuel Clark ; Experience Pomroy. 

January 14, James Bridgraan. 

January. Dorothy, wife of John Inger5oll; February, Patience, dau. 
'' of Jas. BridgmflD. 
1SS7, Jvhj, Joseph Elmer; Hannah Brotton ; August^ Rebekah MiUer. 
1659, January. Johannab Lyman ; 30 March, Hezekiah Bridgman. 
I6fi0, August 30. David Burt, killed. [How, not stated.] 
IfiGl, A&pemier 30, Henry Curtis. 
1662, March 16, John Brotton; 15 April, Jonathan Burt; 24 AprU, Li- 

* It won1d hare added greatly lo the value of this list had our correspondent been able 
lo add the nee* oF the dcceued. But we would by no means be nnderstood lo niinplain, 
bnt remm Mr. L*e our gratefnl ibnnks for what he has done. We are by no moinj in 
Ibehcbioo of the age — to find fault with all that is i^Ten ua, becaiue il \i not better and 
aoniDK ■' "— 




I 



I 



176 Regitter of Deaths in Northampton, Ma. [April, 

crease Clark; 26 April, Mercy Hulcliinsoh; 22 Mat/, Eldad Pome- 
royi 3 June, Richard Lyman; 15 Julj/, Mercy Plielpa; Edward 
Lewis ; 4 August, Mary Jones ; 15 Novemher, Timolby Lee. 

1665, March 7, Child of Joseph Leeds ; 4 Apnl, Miriam I^ds ; 3 June, 
Thomas Marshall; 24 June, Mehiiable Hutehinson ; 12 October, 
Sarah LjTQan. 

1664, January 5, John Merry ; 17 February, Joseph Pomeroy ; 5 March, 
Joseph Ditkerson; 17 May, Nehemiah Allen's child; Joshua Car- ■ 
ler's child j 14 August, Johu Kingsley ; 28 December. Mrs. Cornisb. 

m5, January 11, Mary Dewey; 14 JunKary, James, son of James Brid^ 
man; 28 April, MaUhe»v Cole, killed by lightning; 17 October, 
Samuel Wright died in his chair. 

1666, January 11, Thomas Lewis; li March, Thomas Woodford; 8 July, 
Lydia Cole; 2G August, Ann Webb. 

1667, February 18, Samuel, son of Judali Wright; 28 Aufftist, Robin, an 
Indian, servant lo Nathaniel Clark, killed by ihe Indians.* 

1668, March 23, John Searle's son ; 2 June, Kehemiah Allen's eon ; 15 
July, Mary, dau. of John Holton; 3 Attgust, Sarah, wife of Jantea 
Bridgeman; 1 November, Ford, son of Jededi.ih Strong. 

1669, January 5, dau. of William Hubbard; 17 February, son of John 
Hillioiir; 16 March, EKperienee, dau. of John Lymou ; 30 March, 
Nathaniel Clark; 16 May, son of Ralph Hutchinson; 24 July, R«r. 
Eleazer Mather; Jedediah Strong's child. 

1670, February 20, Mary, wife of Thomas Strong; 27 Februarrf, cliilJ of 
Samuel Alien; 2 March, Siimnel Davis's child; W May, John 
Webb ; 1 Jit/y. son of John Kijig ; Israel Rust's child, 

1671, October 23, John Himnum's child; 11 December, Mary, dau. Malr 
thew CIes.son ; H December, Rowland Stebbins. 

16J2, Februarv 13, Elea^ar, son of Isaac Sheldon; April, Joseph Lead's 
child; 20 November, Ruth, wife of John Searl. 

1673, January 4, John Bridgman's child; 10 February, Timothy Baker's 
daughter; 22 March, Solomon, son of Solomon Stoddard; 29, James 
Wright's child; 30 May, Sarah, wife of John Hannum; November, 
son of Jedediah Strong, 

i674, March 15, Mindwell and Experience Hanniira ; 25 March, Hester, 
dau. of Judafa Wright; son of Joshua Pomeroy ; 29 March, child of 
James Wright; 10 July. Medad Pomeroy's son. 

1675, jaiwcA 1, Jeremiah Jumes ; 14 March, Robert Bartlell, Thomas 
Holton, filary Earle, Increase Whelstone and James ISlackninnels, 
slajn by Indians ;t 7 June, Anthony, son of Solomon Stoddard; 25 
August^ Samuel Mason, slain bv Indians; G September, Sarah, wife 
of William Clark ; 28 SepUfnber, Praisever Turner, anil Isaac Abee 
Sbaks|)eare slain by Indians ; 29 October, Joseph Baker, and son, 
and Tho'. Salmon, "slain by Indiana; John Roberts; 19 November, 
^ Susanna Cuiidlief ; 19 December, Sarah, duu. Ebenezer Strong. 
[To he oontinauil.] 

* This year there ii greU complaint unon;; the settlers high up un lbs Connectieut 

ror, lliBt lliD Eastern Indinni have comrailleil murdora and other depredaliona. — MS. 
ChnmeUic/lht butiani. — Vca. 

t The deatlu ihiu for recorded inihij vcu-.uudoublcdlv belooKto I6T6. See Old hdiam 
CkromieU. IQI , n.. Hubbard. 77 ; Willar'd in RmelaHilKHi,*!. 



1 



1849.] AhttracU of thv Farliest Willg. 



[Conlinaed fro to page 82.1 
JOBN BekJAUIM. 

12 (4) 1C46. 
I Jb/in Benjamin being in iifect memory, as touching my outward estate — 
do bequeath to sonne John a double portion, beloved wife two Cowes, 
fourty bushels of Come out of all my lands, to he allowed her towards 
tbe bringiDg vp of my smale Children yearly such as growes vjipon the 
ground, one part of tower of all my houB hold stuft'e, all tlie real of my 
Isnde goods & cbatlds shal be equally divided betwen seven olher of my 
children. ProTided that out of all my former estate my nife during her 
hfe shall enjoy the dwelling house I live in, & three Acres of the broken 
vp ground neit the house, & two Acres of the Meddowe ncere band be- 
longing to the house. That this will be truly pformed I do appoint my 
brother John Erldic of Watcrtowne it Thonias Marrit of Cambridge 
that they doe ihcire best Lidevo' to see this pformed.* 

JouN Besjauin, 
Witne? Ceorg Maniage [Muning] 
tbe 1^ (4) 4d. 
This was jiroved lo be the last will Si icslament of John Benjamin, & 
llutt he did further declare (as an addition to this his will) that his wife 
lilittuld have liberty to take wood for her vse vppon any of Ms Lands dure- 
iug her life, vppon ihe Oath of Before 

, John Etlilye Thomas Dudley Gov'. 

^^ (5) 3. IG45 Jo: Wmtltrop Dep. Gov. 



William Halbted. 
13 (4) 1646. 

Whereas I William Hahted do find by dayly experience my body to de- 
cay. Imp. vnto the poore of the lowne fyve pound to be laid out in a 
Cow w'" I would Imue bo ordered by the Decaons & my execultfrs that 
may be a continual help to such as are in need, God giueing a blessing 
iherevnto. The reraander of my estate, vnto brother Henry, & to my 
ai«ler Edna her child or children — to brother Henry, at the end of two 
years, except he dispose of himselfc in marriage, or hauc a lawfull call- 
iDg to England by his friends there, to tbo salisfaclion of my executors, 
h. in case he should goe to England of his owne accord, then not to have 
il mi (Jiey beare ceriainly of his welbeing there. And in case he should 
dye before this lime be accomplished, then my sister Edna her child or 
ehiUlren shall haue il. And I make leilUqm, Wood & George Heyward 
executors. William Halsted. 

wilnes 

"RoU Miriam. 
Luke Potter. 

•IV invmlory of the ealale of Mn Dnjamin may ! 
MkWillg.) No fooling appeoTB lo the rnriohs iloma, 
■bote. jCSST. 38. id. 

" TbU was dcliuEred uq n true laucnloiy of the estate 



r 178 Abgtradi of the Harliett WilU. [April, 



f 

^^V The teetimony of Luie Fotter to thia will was taken vppon oath the 13 
^H (8) 1645 berore Thomas ffimt. 

^^H Rob' Miriam sworne 15 (8) 45 before Joh: Wintkrop dep Govr. St 

^H Thojlint. 

^^F Invenlory ia dated 10th Sib 1G45. Bobt Miriam & Georg Heward 

[Heyward] apprisers. Amount, £97, 10a, 7d. 

Saudel Crowes. 

3 (4) 1646. 

I do appoint Samuel Biifield to take mj goods & pay my debts & take the 
remainder to himselfe. 

This was approved to be a lawful! will by the Court 3t Jury in tryall 
of an action bctweene Thomas Skidmore & Samuel Bitfield at a Court 
held at Boston 2 (4) 1646. 

Maby Benjamin. 
13 (4) 1646. 
I man/ Benjamin of Waterlowne do give to FasUrr KrwSs fyve Acres of 
Mar^h at the Rocky Meddow in Watertowne bounds. I giue to my 
Aunt Wines one Cowe, I giue to my sister Abigail Slubbs two Cowes 
my best clothes w"" my best searg Pelicoate. I giue to my brothers in 
generall one Cowa worth. To my Cosin Anne Wyes my best wastooate. 
May 16 1646. Mart Bekjamin her owne 

net & decde. 
Witnes to this will 
Jane Mahew 
Elizabeth Child 
both fiworae in Court 4 (4) 46. 

Increase Nbwell Setf. 

Richard Barber. 

13 (4) 46. 

1 Richard Barber of Dedham. I haue receiued a Cow of M' Prichard of 

Rosbury as ihe gift of one M". Anderson of London. I will & bequeath 
the said Cow to remaine to the tbc & benefit of the poore in Dedham. 
My house & lands in Dedham. & goodd Si. chatties vuto my Executors. 
My beloved friends it. brethren in Christ Henry Brock & his sonne John 
Brock my eiecuiors. 

The mark of Richard Barber. 
Testified in Court the 21 (3) 1646. 

Increase Novell Sec'. 

Lawrekce Edckiiastek. 

4 (5) 1646. 

Scene that I am now bound for the $ea, & Boe for England, them smale 
things that I haue heare leve'& thtM desposcd of if Capt. Smith doe not 
recover my wages againe, then thus I have ordered it if God lake me 
away. Tliat the piece of land 1 bought of Tlu/mas Spuvl I giue it to 
my siater Elitabetk Buekmatter & some smate thlngn in my cbeEt, as a 



1 



^ J 



1849.] Abstracts of the Earliest WilU. 179 

great Coate to Tliomas ^aule, & the eixe shillings due to me from 
Thomas vieUeris w"* it. My black hatt to Abigail S/ierman, the auite of 
apparell to my brother Zachary BuckmasUr, & a shirt and band or two 
for my ffather, there wil be left a paire of Stockings ; the best to Mat- 
thew Coy, the worsler paire or two paire, & the Chest vnto the said 
Tliomas Spauh, & a Bmale easke of Mackrells that Thomas is to send 
to Sea for me for to let them go to sea for his daught' Mary till they 
come to some thing or nothing. 

Lawtience Bockmastek in 
the presence of Thomas Spaute. 
Bat the land she is not to make it away nor part fro, but ehe is not to 
haue it, nor haue nothing lo doe w'^ it till the yeare of O Lord 1649, & 
that, Mayday. If I dye nt Sea, then to demand vppon inquiry, you may 
true wages for the time, & to glue my ffather it. 
Robert Fbrtous the 27* (9) 1645. 

Deposed the '2 (5) 1G46, by Thomas Spank & Robert Fortous 
I ^ TDter M' Nowells hand. 



^P Thomas Mcssell. 

This twenty seventh of July 1640. [4 (5) 1646 in margin.] 
! Thomas Mussell seaman, doe giue full power lo John Sveete, Carpenter 
of Boston to receiue or lake up for my vse : the 4"" part of ihe pinnace 
called the Mary, & the profits of it : the said my share or part : till such 
lime as he the said John Sweete by power & vertue of Ibis my will doe sell 
Ihe same : or if one I^Ulip WIdte, my partner in (he said vessell, do sell 
her, he is lo giue John Sweete before named, the money or goods, what 
ihee is sould for. To said John Sweete twenty three shillings due me 
from WHIiam Quick. A band & Scale 

Nicholas LopdeU. 
John Mansfield, 
The aoid John Mansfield did leatifie this vppon oath, 26 (I) 1646, be- 
fore John Witulirt^, Dep. Gov'., A; Increase NoibcU. 

Wii.i,iAM Weale. 
15 (12) 1646. 
Willinm Weale made a Jfoncoupalive will Ihe 5lh (8) 1 646 as was testifycd 
by Goodwife MUom £c John Harwbod. See Affidavits,* p. 42. 

Nicholas Stowek. 
The last will of iV7cWiM Sitwer of Charlestown. 16 (a) 1646, 
Tolteloved wife Amy Slower my dwelling house w"* y* barn & all other 
houscing, w"' the two Acres of ground by it, & all the ground in the necke 
of Cbarleslowne. Also a hay lot on Mislick Byde near the North spring 
next o' sisler Rands, also half of the hay of the other hay lots on MistJck 
lyde. Likewise 4 Cowe Comona on the stinted Comon w'''out the nccke. 
AIro 3 of the Acres of planting ground on Misticke syde that is broken 
tp, & it ia now sowen w"* english corned planted w"" Indian Come; she 

ir Registrj Of- 



Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [[April, 

To liaue the vse of all tbe aforenamed — She to haae vse of the carl k 
plow & ild furniture: ehe to haue my two best working oxen — all ihu 
£ngli«lk Corae & Indian come on the ground on miatic^ syde — except 
that w"* my Son Richard is to haue of the same crop. 

When wife is deceased my eonne Jbsepk Sloioer to haae the boose, 
bame ic other housing w"* the 2 Acres of ground, to abide with his 
mother to do her service while she liuea, or till he be twenty & one yenre 
old. Ilee lo pay his sister Abigail 2 Cowes, & one to his sinier Jone at 
y' decease of my wife. 

To daughter _^ar n great bible, &. the great brjisse pan after my wifes 
decease, al! the rest lo be my wiuea for euer. 

To son Richard my two oxen next to the best, land on mietick syde, 
only his mother to hniie the vse of 3 Acres, — To dau. Jone Slower one 
Cowe presently. & one out oi Joseplis portion. 

To dau, Abigail Slower, after my wires decease, two good Cowes out 
of Joseph's {wrtiou. 

To dau. j?arre a great Bible. Wife sole executrix — loued brethren 
Thomas Lyne k, Robert Hale lo be overseers of this my last will. 
Witnesses 

Increase NoweU 
John Greene 
Thomas l.i/ne 
Robert Hale. 

Thomas WiLLiAMa, 

25 (2) I6-1G. 
I Thomas Williams doe make this my will. To John Spoore of Boston 
my part in the bote, & one pound seven shillings that John Norman of 
Jeffrey Creeuke haue, & is in my master Holgraues hand, due to mee, & 
that w'^'' he looke order lo leauc at M'. Stodders for me, &, what els I 
haue, & my master Joim Spoore to pay M' Oliver for letting me blood 
& lo pay il' Ayers & MJ CorcUl of Salem one shilling & eight pence, 
that w'** I did owe M' J&lgraue haue or ingaged himselfe to satisfy John 
Norman W' was for dyjjt & lines Sc other things axes, one at Jeremy the 
Smith, & another at Mr. Balgraue. I owed a ehitling at the ferry at 
Salem. &. Henry Swan I apponted to pay it. Dated, 25 (2) 1646. 

Witnesses. Bart/uilomete Chev&r Si Edward Cowell testifyed 5 (9) 
1646. by Bartholomew Chever ic Edward Cowell before the M^s- 
tralea. Increase NoweU Sec". 

Dale of Inventory, 1 (3) 1C4C. 
2 weekes wases duo by M" Holffraue of Salem Us. M' Holgrave debtor 
for a bullocke £.<i. Due by Thomas Williams to John Norman of Mar- 
blehead, £4. — to Jolin Spoore £i. paid for him by John Spoore to M' 
Oorrellof Salem, Is, 8d, — p*. to M' Aires by John Spoore 178, John 
^>oore count fbr tendance in Tito Williams Sicknes, for makeing gniue, 
cofRn, & all charts, £1. 10a. 

Amt of Inventory £15 10s 6*: debla £10 9s. 8d. 
[To b« onlinued.] 



1 



_ J 



1849.] Ancient Wills in Middlesex: 



ANCIENT WILLS IN MIDDLESEX. 

CamliHdge, Jati. S5, 1649. 

Mr. Drakf., 

Dear Sir: Agreeably lo. promise I scnti jou, for publication in the Reg- 
ister, t«ro of tbe olilest Wills retonlcd in Midiilesex, Matthew Day's anU 
Simon Stone's, with an Indiun rieed, not recorded, to "Elder John Slone," •■ 
of Sudbuij, the son-in-law of EJivard How of Watertown, whose Will, from 
the Suffolk Records, you inserted in the last nnmber of the Register. I 
intend soon to ftirnisli you with the Will of Gregory Slone, of Cambridge, 
my finl nnceslor in this country, who was a brother of Simon, (if Water- 
town, and the father of Elder John, whoRe Will, nho, I should like to have 
pubtished, as it throws considerable light on tbe first fenerations of the 
fomily whose genealogy, you know, I have been some time collecting nnd 
preparing for [iress. And I would now admonish mj cousins nnd kindred 
of the Granite mce, scattered thick and wide all over the land, as Bums 
once did bis '"brither Scots" — 

" ]f Ihere's a^iole in a' yonr coals, 

For & cliid'a Bmnng yoa taking nolCB, 
And, failL, lie'll prenl il." 

Your friend and scrv't. 

Wm. p. Stone. 

The last will & Testament of Matliew Day may 10, 1 649. 

1. T doe give with all my heart all that part I have in tbe Garden unto 
the fellowes of Harvard Colledge for ever.* 

2. J doe give to m' Shepard my diaper table cloulh & napkins w)iich 
were not yet made up. 

3. I doe give my 3 silver spoones, the one lo David Dunslert the other 
to Doraiy DunBter,t & llie 3" that liath my owne name on it w' I brought 
out of England lo my old acquaintainec hitle Samuel Shepard.} 

I doc give to my mother alt the estate I have in both the houses, 

together with ail the funiiture beds & nil moveables (my debts being 

first paid) to her for her life, & when she dies to the little childe Moyses. 

I doe give lo S' Brocke§ (my ould & dearc friend) all the Bookes 

have which he thinkes may be usefull to him, except those which may 

for the trayneing up of the childc to schoole. 



toget 
I first 

I •"Mr. 



' "Mr. John Bncklej liFSt Muter of Arts i» Hnrnrd Colledge £ Matthew Day Slew- 
ard oT Ihs Colledge gaie a Gardeo contevniog about one Aero & one Bood ot Land 
MJttDile & Deer t^oya'iog lo Iha Colledge & erdcrcd the name lo tw for ihe use of the ffi-1- 
low* thai bhoatd rrom lime lo time tielong to & be resident 'at the aajd Sodely, the sd 
Garden licing now commonlj rnltcd i. known bj ;e niiine of the ftellowi Orcnard." — 
CoBrgt RccotH; Book III. p. 33. 

"Mr. Jobn Bciekley" was tlios6nof llev. Peter Bnlkley, the first minijicr of Concord. 
and was of the lint class of gradoales at Esrvaid College. Of Matthew Dnj and bis 
Eunilr, some account may bo given in a farare number of ibe Register. — Et>. 

I These wcr« the children of Rev. Henbt DcNsren. Ihe first President of Kon-iird 
College. Uavid, Ibe cldcit, nas bom May 10, I6ia. Uoroiby voi bom Jut. SD, 1647^. 
— Ed. 

t The son of Rev. Tlioiaas Sbenard. by his eerond wife, Joanna, duoehier of Bev. 
Thomas Iloolicr- Mc was Iwm in Cainiirid<;c. in Oclubcr. 1641. «ras ordained at Itowlcv, 
as colleagae wiib Rev. Samael Phillips, Nov. Jb. I66S, anddiod April 7. I6GS. — Ed. 

t UadaDblcdlv John Brock, a gradunle at Harvanl in the clasa of 1646. afterwards set- 
Ilad in the miniiir; at Reading. "Sir"wa8ltM title formerly given ti)-tho*e who bad 
nceiTtd their fir« collegiate degree. — En. 



S2 Ancieitl Wills in Middlesex. [April, || 

I doe give unto my mother that eiglit pound or there about which is 
doe to me for printing, to pay for the bouse which ia due at michalemas. i 

7> I would have Danicll & Mary Lemon & mj moothers girte have 
something given them as mr Shepard & my mother ^hall see meeL I 

6> I doe give my Ivory Jnkhomc In my box with a whietle in it nnlo i 
Jeremy Shepard.* I 

9. I give 20* in mony which once I had Sc iayd out for the Colledga i 
& is to be paid by it in mony againe unto mr. Thomas Shepard. 

10. I give unto John Gioverf my lookcing Glasse. 

11. I give to Elder FrostJ foure pounds. 

Those before whome he spake these things were 

Mr Tho: Shepard 
Kecjorded Deposed the 30th 8th mo. \ Mrs Day. 

S] 9th mo. 1649. Increase Kowell. j 

1649. 

Thia will is recorded, not in the Probate Office, but in the Registry of 
Deeds, Lib. 1, fol. 1. The testator, supposed to be a son of Stephen Day 
the printer, died the same day on which his 'Will waa mode, and without 
issue. " Mrs. Day," one of the witnesses, was probably his mother, and the 
other, doubtless his minister, Rev. Thomas Shepard. ', 

Setember the 7"" 1G65. 

I Simon Stone do give unto my two Sons Simon and John, my whole , 
Estate which I am now possessed with all in what soever is mine unto an 4 
equall division between them, only I appoynl them to give or pay unto my i 
two daughters Frances nod Mary ten (lounds apiece within twelve months | 
after my decease, and olso to pay all my debts, and discharge my burialL ' 

And my mind is that John should have the land I bought of brother h 

Hayward belong to him, and 2 Silver bowles, the lesser to Simon, and the 
greater to John. And My Mind is that My daughter Frances' ten pounds ( 
should be payd 5"* to Johnana Greene her daughter and Nathaniel her |' 
Sonne, 50' a pecce, and the other five to the children she hat>e by her hua- I 
band, [illegible] This wnting iuiends nothing of any former lands Sc con- f 
veyances to them, but only the present things w'h I did reserve to myself. 
Thu marke of- -{- Simon Stone. 

This writing was Exhibited on oath as the last will of ihe said Simoa 
Stone, by his brother Gregory Stone and Steeven Day§ — and Simon Stone | 
& John Stone, sonne.^i of the said Simon Stone dec'ed, were granted power 
of administration on that Estate left by him. 

Octo 3, 166a. 

Thomas Danfortfa, R. 

Recorded by Tho, Danforth R. 

Copied from Probate Records for Middlesex county. Book 2, p. 316. 

* The Tonni^esl child of Rev, Thomas Shepard, hy hit third wire. Mari^ret Boradil*. 
He was bom Aug. 11, 1618, wa« ordained pailor of tAc charrb M Ljnn, Uct. 6, 1680, and 
died Juno 3, 1780. — En. 

t Smxind son of Rev. Josm Glover, rector of SdIIod, in Ihe connly of Sumy ."England, 
to whom N«w Enclnnd was indebted for her fim printing-press. Mrs. Glorer became the 
linl wife of Eev. Henry Dnnster, ander whose watchfnl eye John Glover received hii edn- 
raiion, at Harrard College, from which hegndaaied in 1650. — Ei>. 

I Edmnnd Frost, one of thamling elders of Sbepard's church. — 'En. 

i "The first that sett npon printing" in Korth Arnerica, and the farhcr of Ihe ftfatlhew 
I>» whose will is Riven on the prending page. H« died Dec. SS, 1G6S. Bebecca, h'- 



B.died Oct. IT, les 



ftfatlhew i 
■ecca, hi* 



1 



1849.] Obituary oti Rev. Daniel Baker. 183 

[NOTK. — Among the emigrants to New England in 1G35, wm Simon 
Sloiie, ihe testator, who, having oblained leave of government, in the epi'ing 
of ihst year embarked, with his family, at London, " lo be transporiecl lo 
ihe plantation " then just commenced in this vicinity, lie settled in Water- 
lonn, on the banks of the river, at what is now called Mount Auburn, [he 
beuilifal location of our cemetery, around which a number of his descend- 
ints are now living on portions of the ancestral estate, while on Ihe very 
tpot where the old patriarch first pitched bis tent, Mr. Winchester, of this 
dty, is erecting the most splendid mansion that ever adorned the banks of 
Charles river. Of the five children brought over by Mr. Stone, (Ihe eldest 
coly 16,) all but one are named in the will ; tbc daughter, Ann, had proba- 
bly deceased, as had the mother, and also' the father's second vnfe, who \e.(l 
% will, which ihe writer is desirous to have abridged and transferred to the 
pages of the Register, preparatory to his account of the family.]) 

IsDiAS Deed to John Stone. 
This witnesseth, that William Boman, Cap* Josiah, Roger ic James and 
Seaquis&n, Indians, now liveing at Natickc, the Indian Plantation neare 
Sudbury in the Massachusetts Bay in New England, Sbr and in considera- 
lion of a valluable Sume of Pease and other goodes lo us in hand payd by 
John Stone of Sudbury aforenamed to our full content and satisfactton be- 
fore the signing and delivery hereof. Have given, granted, bargained & 
Muld, assigned enfeoffed & confirmed, and by iheis p'senls do give, grant, 
hargune & sell, assigne, enfeofie and confirme nnto the said Jno. Stone his 
Heyres & assignes a parcell of Broaken up and fienccd in land, lying on 
the South side of Sudbury line, upon the Mis of Sudbury Bivcr, and bound- 
ed with ye Coihon land Surrounding, the said land coiiteyning by estima- 
tton abont ten Acres more or lesse. To Have ic to Hould the said land 
«iUi ye Sences, and all other ilie priviledges and Appurtenances thereof, 
be the same more or less, to him the said Jno. Stone bis Ileyres and As- 
ngnes for Ever to his and Lbeir only pi-opper use ii, bebooffe. In witness 
whereof wee the above named Indians have hereunto put o' hands & seales 
this \S* day of May 165G. markes of 

Signed & Head William -f- Boman 

in p'sence of Cap' ^ Josiuh 

William wanle — , Roger 

L his 2 marke. S James 

John Pi-jwiiurke. -I- ICerqisan 

This deed of sale was acknowledged by the Indians above nimieil, and 
lilh their fall consent the said land is passed out the 15"" of: 3: mo 1656. 

Daniel Gookin, 



OBITUARY ON EEV. DANIEL BAKER. 
[From tlio Bo>U>d Woekly Newa-Lcttor, No. 142^, May 20, 1731. | 
"Sherburne, May 14, 1731. Died here Ihe Reverend and Worthy Mr, 
Oanel Baker. Pastor of this Church, in the 45"' Year of his Age. He 
wii bom in Dedkam, of Religious and worthy FarriiLj ; had his Education 
tt&Tvard College in Cambiid^e, N. E. was Ordained in the Year 1712, 
Aniitant lo the Keverend and Valuable Mr. Daniel Gookin, lute Pastour 



Passenffer» for Virginia. 



of this Church : He married Iwo Worthy and Virtuous Gonllewon 
first WU3 Mrs. Mary Quincy of Brainlree, by whom he had ope D 
yet surviving; the other Mrs. Rebecca Sniilh of Boiion, now his it 
Widow, by wbom he bod several Children, one of which only S 
He was a Gitntleman of bright natural Parte, much iniprovetl by I 
Knowledge, very pathetical in Prayer, Orthodox and Powerful in . 
ing, lender of his Flock and Congregation, having always the Cause i 
and Religion much at Heart : His Church increas'd greatly under H 
iilTj. He was Exercised with much AfBiction, under whieb his ] 
and Resignation was very signal, and notwi the landing which, be w 
affable and pleasant in Conversation. In his later Years, he has I 
tended with uncommon Indisposition of Body, wbicb growing upi 
frequently interrupted him in, and sometimes wholly incapacitated 
his Work, and at length had so much the Mastery of hira, as enlirel 
prive him of the Power of Speech some days before bis Dertlh. Aa 
much esteemed and beloved by his People, in his Life, so bis Death i 
lamented by them, and all that knew him. He was decently intt 
17"" Instant," 



PASSENGERS FOR VIRGINIA. 

[Communicated h; H. G. Sohgrbt, Esq^ for the Anliiiuarian Jauraol.] 
20" June IfiSo. Theis underwritten names are to be tranepc 
Virgineu irabarqued in the Pbillip Richard Morgan M'. the men ha' 
exiimined by the minister of the towne of Gravesend of iheir confon 
the orders & disipline of the Churcb of England: And tooke the 
AUeg die el A" pred. 



John Hart, 
John Coachman, 
John Redd am, 
Jolin Shawc, 
George Hill, 
George Bon ham, 
W" Rogers, 
Edward Haloek, 
Ric: Daw:<on, 
Peter Johnson, 
Willm Bransby, 
Nicbolna Rippen, 
James Quarrier, 
W- Taylor. 
James York, 
Thomas Gorliam, 
Nathuniell Disoall, 
Jolm Taylor, 
John Gorham, 
Richard Wilson, 
Robert Morgan, 
Samuel Milner, 



33|Tymothie Featlie, 
28 W" Arundell, 
32lAlesander Leake, 
30!john Mason, 
23|Willm Emson, 
Slljamea Habroll, 
35!Richrtrd Jn'son, 
22'Jobn Lawters, 
3l|Tbomas Edwards, 
36 Robert Daviee, 
34| Richard Upcott, 
SliThomas Peslett, 



Woi 



22 

3G 

2l|EllIn Burgis, 

lOjKathcrin Buwea, 

23 Suzan Trask. 

IC Marcie Langford, 

ISJEIizabeth Willerlon, 

19, Sara Shawe, 

33[Marie Baker, 

ISJAnn Bamic, 



1849.] lUv. Joseph Farrar. 185 



REV. JOSEPH FARRAB. 

We beg leave to invite particular attention to the following drcamstances. 

There now resides in the Town of Petersham, County of Worcesteri 
State of Massachusetts, an aged Lady, named Mrs. Mart Farrar, the 
widow of the Rev. Joseph Farrar, sometitnc Minister of Dublin, N. li,f 
and subsequently a Cl^plain in the Army of the Revolution. This vener- 
able matron, now upwards of 91 years of age, is in indigent circumstances | 
but is unable to substantiate her claim to a pension from the Government, 
for want of the necessary evidence of her husband's servicer. 

Information on this point is earnestly desired, as an act, no less of justioey 
than of charity, to one who has now arrived at that age when poverty, with 
all its deprivations, is most severely felt ; one whose declining years and 
consequently increasing infirmities stand most in need of the aid which would 
be afforded by a pension. 

We call, tlien, upon our brother Antiquaries, throughout New England, 
to lend a hand in this matter; and, to aid them in their researches, we will 
first state the points upon which information is desired, and will then givei 
luch facts as we have been able to collect respecting Mr. Farrar ; premis- 
ing, only, that such further information as may come into the possession of 
any of the readers of this article, may be communicated to the Editor. 

Information is desired on the following points. 

1. Where did Rev. Joseph Farrar enlist as Chaplain in the Army ? 

^. When did he enlist? 

3. In w/uU Regiment or Regiments did he enlist or serve as Chaplain ? 

4. WhiU were Uie names of the Officers of the Regiment or Regiments 
in which he enlitfted and served ? 

5. Where did Jie serve while in the Army ? 

6. What was Uie date of his discharge ? 

7. Did he ever serve in any ot/ier capacity than as Chaplain ? and if 80, 
iffhere and w/ien ? 

We would remark, in this connection, that the Military Rolls in the State 
House, Boston, huve been examined, but without success, for information 
Telative to Mr. Farrar. The Rolls pive two persons, to be sure, of the 
name of '* Joseph Farrar," as serving in the Continental Army. But, in 
the first place, neither of them appears to have been a Chaplain ; and sec- 
ondly, the dates of their respective periods of service do not agree with what 
"we know of Rev. Mr. Farrar; inasmuch as one of them was in the Army 
in 177>5, at the very time when Mr. F was settled in Dublin, N. H., and 
the other served in 1780, at which time, as will be seen, Mr. F. was in 
I>ummer:Ston, Vermont. 

Now for what we know respecting Rev. Joseph Farrar. 
He wa-5 the son of George Farrar. of Lincolrs Mass., where he was bom, 
June .30, 1741.* lie rrraduated at Harvard College in 1767,t studied Di- 
vinity, and on the 17tli of October, 1771, wa-* chosen by the people of Dub- 
lin. N. IL, to be "their Gospel Minister.*-' He was ord::incd'June 10, 1772; 
was suspended from In;^ ministerial labors, by advice of aiji Ecclesiastical 
Couneil. (on account of difficulties procecMling li-om "bodily diseases, which 
greatly alFectcd his mind, and not from any moral cause,") Dec. 7, 177S ; 

* Shnttark*8 Uitlory of Con*^rd^ P 314; Farmcr^B Gtnealogieal 
t Itiid') Records of Ilurvurd College. 

12 



UM Eeif. JoHph Farrat. [AptQ, 

and was fioallj dismissed from his pastoral relation, for the duties of whidi 
he was incapacitated bj ^a singular hallodnation'' of mind, June 7, ,1776.* 

It must have been at this time that he joined the Army ; as the next 
trace we have of him, is on the 24th of Angast, 1779, on which daj he was 
ordained Pastor of the Church at Dummerston, Windham County, Vermont, 
where he is remembered as ^a man of great eccentricities, deeply afflicted 
with hypochondria.''t 

In the year 1779 Rev. Joseph Farrar was married, in GraAon, Masa^ by 
Bev. Daniel Grosvenor, to Mart Bhooks4 

Mr. Farrar was dismissed from his labors in Dummerston about the jear 
1788,S and here we again lose sight of him. It is supposed that he saba^ 
quentlj settled in the town of Eden, Lamoille Coun^, Vermont, where a 
Bev. Joseph Farrar was ordained Minister of the newly-gathered Chordi 
in that place, Dec. 15, 1812, and continued in the Ministry until Dec 15, 
1815, when he was dismissed, and is said to have gone ''into some part oi 
the State of New York.l 

Bev. Joseph Farrar died at Petershi^m, Mass., April 5, 1816, aged 7S.T 

Jesse Gale, of Petersham, testifies that Bev. Joseph Farrar ^ was in 
the Army at White Plains, New York, and Cambridge, Mass., with hfa 
father, Daniel Gale, who said Farrar did service as Chaplain in two 
Begiments.''^^ 

This testimony is confirmed by Esther Gale, tl^e widow of Daniel 

Gale.tt 
MuT Prentice, wife of Josiah S. Prentice, of Oxford, Mass., and daa|^« 

ter of Key. Joseph Farrar, certifies that she *<saw the Certificate of her 

fipither Joseph Farrar's discharge, in childhood, but it was lost or destroyed. 

Bemembers her father did duty as Chaplain, and soldier also, and that he 

took care of a man named Cook, of Phillipston, a sick and wounded soldier, 

who died, and of the same Regiment or Army.'*|| 

We have thus given all the information in our power respecting Bev. 

Joseph Farrar ; and we sincerely hope that there will not be wanting those, 

who will have the charity to endeavor to enlighten us on those points where 

we are at a loss, and thus be the means of conferring an incalculable benefit 

upon a worthy woman. 

* Bat. L. W. Leonard's AnniTenarr Disconne at Dnblin, N. H^ Sept 7, 1845, p. S5. 

t Complete List of the Congregational Minbters and Churches in Windham Codd^ 
Vt^ by Bev. Charles Walker, of BraUleboro', in Jm. Qnart. RegUter^ xiii. 29, 32. Mr 
Walker erroneously calls him ** Thomas Farrar." 

X M8. Letter of C. J. F. Binney. 

4 Walker, asiabo?e. 

I Shattack's Qmcord, p. 314. Brief Sanrey of the Congre^tional Churches and Mitt- 
« isters in Lamoille County, Yt, by BeT. 8. Bobinson, of Auimstown, in Jm, Qwari. Ayi^ 

tv. xiT. 129, 130. 
t MS. Letter of 'C. J. F. Bbmey. 
wilbid. 
ttn)id. 

II Ibid. 



im.] 



Litt <(f Fn«Hun, 



187 



LIST OF FREEMEN. 

bj Bsf UMiDf S.' Paiqi of Cambrldfi, Monbtr of CIm N. X. Hlit. GcbmI. Bodetr.] 



tl MmJj 1689. 

Jinn GarfcMurd 
EdwirdBitsck 
WjQim Clarke 
Bdiiioiid Bloiie 
WnHOOMwne 
JohnlfOIer 
Gmi^ Hoimes 
MitMve Bojie 
James Aftwood 
JohnBolA 
Rick'd Peeocke 
Edward Bridge 
Walter Blackbome 
Joaeph Jewel 
Roger Porter 
Tkomaa fi&rman 
Xatha. Chappell 
JobnSkoC 
JneaBock 
Hugh Laakin 
John SoiTthe 
Bttirj Swan 

C. JL, Vol I. p, 254. 

2S May, 1689. 

Mr. EsecbL Rogers 
lit. Katha. Bof^ 
Bobert Saonders 
Ifr. KathanL Sparhauke 
Ifr. Thorn. Nebon 

C. Jt, Vol L p. 2M. 

6 Jane, 1689. 

Steren Paine 
James Garret 

C. R.f VoL I. p. 254. 

6 Sep. 1689. 

Kr. Thomas Ginner 
Kr. Benia. Keayne 
Job Swinnerton 
William Lord 
Laurence Soothick 
^^ohnCrosw 
JohnBoffe 
John Ellsley 
Lake Hearde 
AnUionj Sadler 
Thomas Masie 

C. H, Vol I. p, 254. 

7 Sep. 1689. 



[Continued from page 96.] 

Rich'd Mellen 
BobertTncke 
Robert Sannderson 

C. IL, VoL I. p, 254 

18 May, 1640. 

Mr. Willi. Worcester 
Henry Monday 
John Saandere 
Thoml Bradberry 
Thom. Dumer 
Thoma. Barker 
Tboma. Mighill 
Maxami. Jewet 
ffranc Parrat 
Rich'd Swan 
RobPt Haseldine 
John Haseldene 
ffranc Lambert 
WUli. Scales 
John Burbanke 
Willi. Bointon 
John Jarrat 
Micha. Hopkinson 
GeoKilbome 
Mr. Thoma. Coyt^ore 
Mr. Thoma. Grares 
Mr. ffranc Wflloughby 
Edward Larkin 
Thom. Canle 
John Penticns 
John Martin 
WUli. fflllips 
Abrah. HiU 
Edward Woode 
Willi. Paine 
John Oliver p^ewb') 
James Standige 
John Whipple 
Mr. Edwa' Worrice 
Mr. Thom. Rack 
Mr. Willi. Stercns 
John ffairefeild 
John Bachilor 
Robert Elwell 
Thom. Watson 
Mark fformais 
Thom. Waterhouse 
Jeremy Howchenes 
Jonas Humphryes 
Thom. Toleman 
George Weekes 
John ffamnm 
Rich'd Lipinoote 



Rich'd Withington 
Rich'd Syckes 
Clement xapley 
Gouin Anderson 
John Bowelis 
Edw'd PasBon 
Willi. Chanler 
John Hall 
John Trumbell 
Edw'Bamsted 
Joseph Wheeler 
Tymo. Wheeler 
John Chaundler 
Symon Rogers 
Michael^ Wood 
John Merrill 
Geoise Browne 
Jolm rforwick 
Bfdmo. Pitta 
ffranc Smyth 
John Harding 
Willi. Carpenter 
John Holbroke 
Nicha fflllipes 
Thom. Bayly 
Samu. Bntterworth 
Rob't Marten 
Mathewe Prat 
Rob't Tytns 
Thom. Rich'ds 
Henry Greene 
Willi. Godfree 
Thom. Amall 
WiUi. Haward 
Abra. Perkins 
Jeffry Mingy 
Arthur Cliuice 
James Davis 
Mr. Edmond Browne 
Peter Norse 
Walter Hayne 
Edmond Rice 
Thom. White 
John Parmenter 
John Bent 
Edmond Goodnor 
Thom. Islin 
John Wood 
J9hn Ruddyk 
John Howe 
Mr. WiUi. Hibbens 
Arthur Penry 
Valentine BBll 
ffranc. Seyle 



-m 



JJtA <tf Fr<eme».. 



[A 



John Hnrd 

Nutliu. Williams 
Jolin Levcritt 
Peter Oliver 
JdiD Kunemk 
Antho. BtodHTd 
Sbdhl Shennan 
George Curtit 
Cotten fflu'k 
Mr. Wiili. Tompsoo 
G<!0^ Rowea 
Steven Kiiueleye 
Jolin IXt.isetIe 
Willi. Poni-r 
(irepiry Bc?lL'li«r 

James Coihi 



Coraa 

19 m»At 



Edward SpoI<Icn 
Willi. Alli»Q 
Murlin SuuDil*! 
Jolin Read 
Willi. Androira 
John Sli<lmBB 
Kilmond An^or 
Rich'd ffriinte* 
John TliruinbaU 
Willi. MHiinIng 

Eilwnr.l Collins 
Rkli'd Ilf.;:^' 
NMhin AMMiQ 
Myehall Mi^i .tire 
Hirdiniinilo Ailuius 
firiiDu. Chitkering 
Willi. Bulliird 
John BullRrd 
Ilenrj' Smyths 
John Mow 
Daniull ffi:<hcr 
Jmud Ifiitior 
TEi.rliM Bnrtwre 
J It'. ScarbroiB 

a R., Vol. I. p. 

7 Oct. 16W. t »- ■ 
Mr. Simu. Dudlej 
Joiiw Cobbiit 

Eilmond Giirdoer 
Jiime* Biin-kcr 
Hpnry Sundi 
Roll*! Hunter 
WiUL SliekiWY 

C. R., VoLIj>.i8l 

8 Oct 1640. 
John Pmsb 

Samu, Home 
Thomas Weight 

C JL, Vol I. p. 281 

* Oct IMO. 



Isaack Buswell 

a R, Vol. I. p. 281, 

IS Uct. ]G10. 
Willi. lIudKia 
s Oliver 
ThoDias Pui liter 

I tSeli/ljcr 
Mr. Willi. Hellingtinm 
Mr. Willi. Iloohe 

C A. Vol. I. p. SBl 

8 June IGil. 
Mr. Henrv Dunali^r 
Mr. Rii:b'^ R.isiiE!l 
Mr. Joba Allen 
John Miiivs 
Kic'li'd North 
John Scir 
JoliD Stevens 
Mr. Adam Winlhiwe 
Willinm BHrnus 
John Hnrri-ioa 
John Lnwell 
Thorn. Dmies 
John Emerj 

11. Plunier 
Honea PMyna 
DnnicU Wotd 

Biilfeild 
tTnincis Kliot 
.\M\ Kelly 
J»cnb Wikson 
Nit-ho. Woo<le 
.lohn rhrbi^rt 
Tliomn* l.nke 
Andrew Piti^lier 
Roh't Holmes 
(louldun Mnre 
Rioh-d Ciiru-r 
John floweiilen 
Willi. Wooiiberry 
Willi. Gi-Hres 
Pliiteiiion l)i,;ltenion 
K^b-H'' K^oile 
Juhn Rr>blnsod 
niom. Giinlncr 
Thoin. Marnton 

Hiirlelmew 

Thorn! Wll.lnr 
Rii'h'd Kol'insoD 
John Mnrsloa 
Rnl.'l miller 
Willi Blnnibanl 
Rozouti AltcQ 
Milb9 Wurd 
Shuih. Corning 
Jnnfilhnn Porler 
Rlrh'd PiXtinsguir 
John Good now 
Willi. BrOWM 



Samu. Chapna ' 



Wolter IlxrrU 
Ellia Barrone 
WSli. l'Hrk«l- 
Philip Vcren 
John I'almer 
Ki.lrd Parker 
Kcliv'd 'ilnae 
Nelii-ml. r 



:. Lim 



Hob'i Bridge* 
John Duker 
Rob'i Cooke 



Willi, BriBCO 
Rii'b'J Sanford 
A<i<:usline Walker 
Henry An-her 
Chiirfe* Glover 
]t..b't Paine 
John Snker 
Mitlm. Kntherick 
John Jackson 
John IX^ane 
Kilwsril Browne 
Dnni. Wumer 
John Knoulton 
Symon Toaijraoa 
Rob'l Daje 
AndKwe Hodges 
Jiii^ob LfHser 
ISiiorpfi Bidlnrd 
HL-iiry Chiik'y 
>t!L{>aell Powell 
•lowjih Kingaberrj 
Jnhn Itowper 

N»rh.^ni. Coalbornft 

.h.hn K1i;< 

«rd Rit-h'Us 
iiiiiin Sniylh 
r,^ Kilhmu 
11, Pflvno 
t,, Dwij-ht 
ry Wilson 



(Toller 
fT— 



Thomas 
Ahcll Parr 
Benin. Ward 
Willi. Hunt 
Willi. Itsteman 
JouinB (Brman 

Willi Cop 

N^iiha. HiiUleed 
N«ihii, Billing 
■ TuriMjr 



XAfiof Freemen. 



189 



BirVd Rice 
•Tames Blood 
Thorn. Clarke 
John Tiall 
Thorn. Puttolph 
ffranc. Doiue 
John Sweete 
Arthur Gill 
Thorn. Clipton 
George Merriam 
John Healfl 
George Wheeler 
Obedi. Wheeler 
fihnc. Blo>*ce 

C.R., Vol J. p. 312. 

4 June 1041. 

^hom. Marshall 

C. /i., Vol I. p. 812. 

7 Oct 1641. 

^r. Richard Bliodman 
*^Ilx)mas Wheeler ^ 

C.R., Vol I. p. 315, 

18 Maj 1642. 
^Si. ffrancis Norton 
^ohn Withman 
Cawdy James 
^oho March 
^Vt Button 
^nia. Vermaes 
^IxMn. Antrum 
:Ucbae11 Shaflin 
^Tbom. Putman 
^ohn Cooke - 
tineas flli^ke 
^illia. fhske 
^imes ffiske 
Ceorge Byam 
£cb'd Bisbope 
^len Kennistcn 
XGn Stileman 
^'ohii Tomkins sen' 

•Ananias Conkling 

•John Xeale 

John Bulfincb 

JoKph Boyse 

Sama. Grimes 

Theodo. Atkinson 

Hobrt Bradford 

Hogh Williams 

Bich'd Crithley 

John Guttering 

John InjToldsbey 

Bobert Howen 

Thoma. Snowe 

Thoma. flbster 

Dani. Briskow 

John Search 

John Baker 

Bich'd Knight ' 



Rich'd Tayler 
Philip Tayler 
John Bulkelcy 
Edward Okes 
Thorn. Okes 
Edward Gooding 
Sampson Shore 
Willi. Torry ^ 
John Coggan jani. 
John C lough 
John Witherell 
Samu. Thatcher 
John Hill 
Rich'd Wody 
John Mat his 
Willi. Lewes 
Rich'd Taylor 
Edward Carleton 
Humphrey Reyn' 
Hugh Smith 
Hugh Chaplino 
Rich'd Lowden 
John Burra^ 
Solomon Phips 
John Greene 
Isaack Comins 
Allen Pearley 
Thorn. Thackster 
Willi. Ripley 
Mathcwe Hawkcs 
Hugh Prichard 
Thom. Lincolne 
John Stoder 
Willi. Robinson ' 
Robert Peirce 
Thom. Davenport 
Rich'd Baker 
Robert Pond 
John Rigbey 
George Right 
Thom. Blisse 
Benia. Albcy 
Roger Bancroft 
Rich'd Eckels 
John C'Oopec 
John Tomkins jnn* 
Willi. DickHon 
Moses Wheat 
Rob't Edwards 
Thoma? Bateman 
Willi. Aline 
Thom Wheller 
Willi. Hanwell 
John Stevens 
Willi. Stevens 
Antho. Somersbey 
Henry Somersbey 
Willi. Berry 
Samu. Guil 
Abell Hews 
John Swett 



Peter Woodward 
John Brock 
Natha. Whiteing 
Micha. Metcalfe 
Rob't Page 
(franc. Pebo<ly ^ 
Isaack Perkins 
Thom. Worde 
Henry Ambros 
Walter Ropper 
Henry Kibbey 
David Zullesh 

C. jR., Vol II p. 18. 

19 May 1642. 

John Sadler 
Walter Tybbot 
ObedL Brewer 
Willi. Hilton 
Willi. Wahfeme 

C. jR., Vol It p, 18. 

22 June 1642. 

Henry Palmer 
Joseph Peaseley 
Rich'd Pid 
Willi. Titcombe 
Willi. White 
Thomas Dowe 

a R., Vol II. p. 18^ 

2 August 1642. 

Mr. Willi. Pinchen 

C. U., Vol, It p. 19. 

14 Sept 1642. 

Thom. Het 

C. I?., Vd. 11. p. 18. 

21 Sept 1642. 

Will. English 

a R.J Vol IL p. 18. 

27 Dec. 1642, At Salem. 

Walter Price 
Rob't Gutch 
George Gardner " 
Ri<*h'd Prence 
Rob^t Leoman 
Thom. More 
Thom. Tresler 
Willi. Robinson - 
Hugh Cawkin 

C. H., Vol IL p. 18. 

28 Feb. 1642-;3. 

Thom. Edwaitlg 
John Kitchin 
Henry Harwood 

C. K., Ko/. /J.p. 18. 

28 Feb. 1642-3. At S^lem- 

Rich. More 

Hugh Stacye A 



190 



JmA df Freemm. 



[A 



Thorn. Ave^ 
£dw*. Beachamp 

C. jR, VoL IL p. 27. 

10 May, 1643. 

Mr. ThoDL Wallk 
John Scot 
Isaack Wheeler 
John Ward 

Andrew Liitev^ (27) 
Thorn. Gocidnow 
Rol/tDants 
Henry Looker 
John Parmenter 
WiULWarf 
John Newton 
John Thurston 
Chriato. Smyth 
John Guile 
John Plnnton : 
John Knights 
John Jackaon 
Nathan ffiake 
Gea Parkhurst 
John Pratt 
Thom. Beard 
John Amol 
John HoUister 
James Prest 
Ntcho. White 
Jeffry Tnmer 
WUli. Turner 
Boger Billindg 
Laurence Smyth 
WiUi. Ware 
Bich. Evans 
WilK. Tirescot 
John Gamell 
Henry Woodworth 
Nathani: HoWd 
Bich. Way 
Bobw WiMiama 
John Mansfeild 
fTranc. James 
Bob't Proctor 
Willi, ffletch- 
AVilli. Yincen 
John Woode 
Hen. Bridffham 
Bob't Mader 
Gea Barrell 
Bicb. Bawlen 
Stronsffurnell 
John 8and1>ant 
Isa. Colimer 
Willi. Blanton 
Miles Tame 
Natha. Norcros 
James Morgan 
BohH Pepper 
Bieh. Hildrick 



Edw^Sheopard 
Dan. Stone 
ThaDanforth 
Andr. Stephenson 
Willi Manning 
Henry Symons 
John Tvdd 
John Wright 
Benia. Butterfeild 
Edw». Winn 
Nicha White 
John Hollister. 
James Prest 
John Albye 
Peter Bracket 
Natha. Herman 
Sam. Adams 
Joha Hastings 
John Whetley 
Willi. Phese 
John Shephard 
Tho. Adams (28) 
C. R.J Vol II pp. 27, 

29 May, 1644. 

Cap. Dan. Gookens 
ffaithfull Bouse 
Bob't Leach 
iTaintnot Wines 
WillL Bachiler 
Willi. Smith 
Willi. Green 
Bob't ffeild 
Thom. Marshall 
Boger Toule 
Edw» Witheredge 
Tymo. Prout 
Gea Spere 
Symon Bird 
Hen. Powning 
Thom. Webster 
Bob't Gowing 
John Lake 
Thom. Trot 
John ffrench 
Bich. Haule 
Nicho. Boulton 
Henry Gunlithe 
Natha. Partridge 
Thom. Dyer 
Edw» Wilder 
Jos. Phippen 
John Blaae 
Jasper Bush 
John Gay 
Bich. Goard 
John Smeedly 
Thom. ffoz 
Baptize Smeedly 
Ste. Streete 
John Maynard 



28. 



Philip Tory 
Bich'd Wooddy 
Edm^ Shefeild 
James Joanes 
ThaChamblin 
John Bussell 
AUen CouT'se 
Laml/t Sutton 
John Carter 
James Paik' 

C. R., Vol. JJ. J 

May, 1645. 

Herb't Pelham 
Joseph Hill 
Mathewe Smith 
Abraham Hawkins 
Abra. Hackbume 
SauL ffellows 
Greoree Halsall 
Abr. Parker 
Geoige Daviea 
Bich. Newberry 
Natha. Bishop 
John Stimson 
Thom. Line 
Antha ffisher 
Thom. Bichards 
WiUi. Pardon 
Thom. Holbrooke 
Geoige Allen 
WiUL Davies 
John Joanes stud* 
Sam. Stowe 
EMw* Jackson 
Nicho. Wise 
John Watson 
Hugh Griffin 
John Langford 
Bich. Newton 
John Toll 
Jeremy More 
Peef Aspinwall 
Edw» Wyat 
Bich. Leeds 
James Umphryes 
Bich. Blacke 
James Nash 
Benia. Thwinge 
Samu. Davies 
Bich. Bullock 
Abr. Hanling 
Christo. Webbe 
Thom. Barrill 
John Morly 
Henry Blacke 
Edw* Gilman 
Lamb't Genery 
John Gaye 
Sam. Miles 
John Darning 



1849.] 



Liii of Freemen. 



191 



BilpliDaT 
Mk£a.Medcalfe 
SaB.SeiidalI 
WHdy 
Hen. ffimmi 
ThoQL Roberts 
Bol/t Jeniaoa 
John Warren 
EdiTDeTOtkm 
Hen. Chemblin 
VinoentBolli 
Thorn. Barnes 
Joseph Und'wood 
Hen. ETance 
John ffownell 
Sam. Bright 
WillL Wenbane 
John Bird 
Harman Atwood 
Natha. Greene 
ffiranc. GrisBell 
John Rjrdeat (78) 

Wm. ParKNia 
Thorn. Thacher 
Rolft Longe 
Thorn. Reeret 
Nkha Chelett 
Georg Dowdj 
Hen. Aldridge 
WiDL Patten 

Eliiah Corlet (79) 

C. R., VoL IL pp. 78, 79. 

6 Maj 1646. 

HathewDaj 
John Lewes 
Nathani. Hadlock 
John Hill 
ffran. Heman 
John Gingen 
John Haynes 
John Looker 
Tha Bnckm' 
Alex. Baker 
Thorn. Collier 
Thorn. Gardn' 
Ben. Crispe 
Wm. Pary 
Wm. Dawes 
Hen. Modsley 
Joel Jenkins 
Henry Thorpe 
Geo. Woodward 
Charles Stemes 
John WincoU 
Willi Daglas 
Peter Pluce 
John CoUens 
Rich. Everad 
Josaa Kent 
Bob't Onion 



Andrew Dewing 
Antho. ffisher 
Tha Joanes " 
Isa. Walker 

C.IL, VoLILp, 

S6 May 16^7. 
RaChanlkly 
James Green 
Tha Carter jr. 
Mighil Smith 
Manns Sally 
James Pike 
Rich'd Harrington 
Sam. Carter 
John Wayte 
Law. Dowse 
Wm. Bridges 
EdW White 
Mr. John Wilson 
Wm. Harvy 
Wm. Kerly 
Rich. Newton 
Thom. Tayer 
John Nyles 
John Stebben 
John Wh'tny jr. 
Moses Payne 
David fRske 
David Stone 
Philip Cooke 
John Harris 
Thom. Boyden 
Mr. Samu. Danford 
Willi. Ames 
Dani. Kemnster 
Jonah ClooKe 
Thom. Huit 
John Smith 
Bartho. Cheever 
John Miriam 
^Rninc. Kendall 
"Wm. Cotton 
Greorge Munioy 
Rich. Hassall 
Wm. ButTick 
Grea Barber 
Ro. Wares 
Thom. Jordan 
John Metcalfe 
John Bakor 
Henry Wight 
James Allen 
Natha. Adams 
Wm. Holbrooke 
Thom. Don 
Thom. fibster 
Thom. Prat 
Rob'tRendell 
ThaToget , 
Gea Davies 



124. 



John JPeirson 

C. JR., Vd. IL p. 168. 
18 April 1648, at Spring- 
field. 
John Pyncbon 
Elitxnr Holioak 
Henry Burt 
Roger Pritchard 
Samu. Wright 
Willi. Branch — 

C. JR., VoLJL p, 201. 
10 May 1648. 

Mr. Edw* Denison 
Georg Denison 
Thom. Osbume 
Benia. Negus 
Thom. Hartdiom 
Thom. Kendall 
Wm. Hooper 
Edw» Tavler 
Rich. HoibrodEe 
WiUi. Daniel 
Rich. Hardier 
Wm. Needam 
Samu. Basse 
John Chickly 
James Pemberton 
Philem. Whale 
Henry Rice 
Mr. Samu. Danfbrth 
Mr. Sam. Mather 
Alex. Adams 
John Staple 
Benia. Nesus 
Henry Al&n * 
John Peerce 
Symon Tomson 
Biartho. Porsune 

C. IL, Vol IL p. 202. 

5 April 1649. 
Made free at Springfield. 

Thom. Cooper 
Griffin Jones 
David Cbapin 

C. H., VoL IL p. 227. 

2 May 1649. 

Mr. Willi. Browne 
Joseph fikmworth 
Rob't Brick 
John Maynard 
Alezand' fieild 
Jona. Michell 
Samu. Haward 
Rob't Browne 
Garret Church 
Josua Stubb# 
John Butler . 
John Turner^ 
Thom. Sareltott 



198 



Lut <ff FnenmL 



[April, 



Samu. Hides 

Tbom. Baker ' (227) 

Josua fliaher 

Oorneli. ffiaher 

John Blancbard 

John Hull 

John Hurwood 

Will. Merriatn 

Nathani. Sternes 

Peter Lyon (228) 

C. R.y Vol IL pp^ 227, 228. 

S May 1649. 
John Ward 

C. R., Vol. IL p, 228. 

22 Ma/ 1650. 

John Shepheard 
Henry Prentice 
Abraham Busby 
Jacob Greene 
Richard Stower 
Thomas Welch 
Wm. Paine 
DaTid Mattogke 
John Saunders 
Robt Parmiter 
Peeter Addams 
John Jones 
Jofhua Edmonds 
Wm. Underwood 
Nathaniell Bale 
Joseph Mirriam 
Isacck Addin^ton 
Habbacuck Glover 
Samuell foster 
John Weld 
Robt Harris y 

Georgia Brand 
Samuell Williams 
Thomas Hanford 
John Parker 
Mr. John Knoules 
John Ball 
Rob* Pearse 
Henry Mason 
Wm. Ireland 
Edmond Browne 

C. «., Vol. IV. p. 1 

7 May 1651. 

Mr. Sam. Haugh 
Rich. Whitney 
Rich. Ouldam^ 
Wm. Hamlett 
John Taylor 
Henry Butler 
George iIVy 
Wm. Pratt 
Wm. Blake 
Aron Way 
Josias Cod vers 



John Brookea 
John Mousell 
Hugh Thomas 
Charles Grise 
MaHjn Saunders 
Samuel Kingsly 
Wm. Owen 
David Walsby 
Edward Rise 
Solomon Johnson 
Georg Dell 

C. R., Vol. IV. p, 85. 

26 May 1652. 

Bost. 



u 
i( 
i( 
it 



i( 



Cone. 
Woob. 

u 

Wate' 



It 



41 



l( 



Joseph Roeke 

James Richards 

Tho. Emans 

Henry Steevens 

Jo. Marrjon 

Rob*. Sanforth 

Joshua Brooke 

Joseph Knight 

Hen. Baldwine 

Rich. Gardiner 

Jn* Sawen 

Ric. Norcrofse 

Niccolas Willjams Roxbur. 

Iwicke Heath 

Wm. Garey 

Peleg Heath 

Tho. Brewar 

Jacob ffrench 

Wm. Atwood 

ffrancis Moore 

Dan. Blogp.t 

Wm. Bordman 

Solomon Martjn 

James Blake 

Tho. Prentice 

Jn'. Pier Point 

Moses Colljcr 

Jn*. FerinjT 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 75. 

Feb. 1652-3. 

Tho. Wisewall Dorch. 

Norcross Water. 

Rob*. Howard Dorch. 

C. /?., Vol IV. p. 75. 

18 May 1653. 
Mr. Wm. Hubbard ^ I. 



Tho. Dwight 
Tho. Medcalfe 
Wm. Hilton 
Tho. Skinner 
Jn*. Spra£e 
Nath. Upnam 
Rich. Boulter 
Tho. Whitman 
Walter Cooke 
Jn\ Guppee 
Jn*. Thompson 
Jonas Humphry 
Richard Porter 
Wm. Reado 
Joshua Hubbard 
Jerremiah Hubbard 



Ded. 

Kewb. 

Maid. 

44 



ii 



U 



Hifig. 

a 

Meadf. 



44 



44 
M 



Weim. 

Charlst. 



(i 



Camb. 



t4 

And. 

Dorch. 

Rox. 

Hing. 



Svmon Stone 
Sam. Stratten 
Abra. Newell 
Jos. Griggs 
Tho. Stowe 
Wm. Martjn 
Wm. Eaton 
Jonas Eaton 
Tho. Marshall 



W. 

i( 

Rox. 
it 

C. 

Read. 
<{ 

(( 



Jn-. Wight 

Wm. Patridff 

Joseph Clarke 

Nath. Souther Boctoo. 

Steevcn Paine 

Joseph Addams 

C. H, Vol. IV. p. 118. 

16 Nov. 1652. 

Appeared before the Com- 
missioners at Kittery,and 
submitted to the Govern- 
ment of Massachusetts; 
the record of their oath 
does not appear. 

Tho. Withers 
Jn*. Wincoll 
Wm. Chadbom 
IliiS^h Gunison 
Tho. Spencer 
Tho. Durston 
Rob*. Mendam 
Rise Thomas 
James Emer}' 
(Miristlan Rcmeth 
Niccolas ffrost 
Rob*. Wcimouth 
Humphry Chadome 
Charles ffrost ' 
Abraham Cunley 
Richard Nason 
Mary Bayly 
Daniel Paule 
Jii". Diamont 
Georg Leader 
Jn*. Svmons 
Jn*. Greene 
Hugbert Mattoone 
Gowen Wilson 
Wm. Palmer 
Jerre. Shrircs 
Jn*. Hoord 
Tho. Spinny 
Nath. Lord 



1849.] 



JmA of Frtemen, 



198 



Joseph Kile 
Antipaa Muvericke 
Niccolis Sbiiploigh 
Antba Emery 
Reignald Jeniun 
Jo*. White 
Tha Jones 
Dennis Douning 
Jn*. And re was 
Daniell Daviet 
Phillip Babb 
W" Everett 

C.R., Vol. IV. p. UB 

22 Nov. 1652. 

At AccomeDticufl or Gor- 
ge«na. 

Hr. Edward Godfiy 

Tho. Crocket 

Jn*. Alcocke 

Wm. Dixon 

Kic*. Codogan 

George Piirker 

Andrew Evered 

Bob*. Knight 

Wm. Rogers 

Sam. Alcoc'ke 

JoKph Alcocke 

Peter Wjor 

Phillip Addams 

Mr. nrauncis Riunes 
Lewis 

Bob. Erl [blotted] 

Phillip Hatch 

Jn* htw'in 

Nitt'ola.'* Bond 
Mr. Edw. Johnson 
Hugh Gajle 
Wm. CYErncjiey 
Hich. Banckes 
Edw. Wen torn 
Oeorjre Branccn 
Mary Topp : aeknowledo^cd 
benelf subject &c. onh^. 
Mr. Wm. Hilton 
Wm. Moore 
Hf nry Donell 
lidward Stirt • 

Howland Young 

Jn'. Parker 

Arthur Bragdon 

Wm. Ellingnam 

Jb*. Tuisdale jun'. 

Tho. Courteous 

SiWerter Stover 

Tho. Dennell 

Mr. Edward Rushworth 

Jn*. Harkcr 

Niccola^ Davis - 

Sampfjon Angler 

^. Uenry Norton 



Rob* Hetherse 
Wm . ffreathy 
Jn* Davis 
Jn* Tuisdall sen*. 
Mr. Abni. Preble 
Mr. Jn*. Couch 
Mr. Tho. Whclewright 
C,R., Vol. IV. p. 119. 

4 July 1653. 

Inhabitants of Wells: at 
Wells. 

Joseph Emerson 
Ezck. Knight 
Jn*. Gooch 
Joseph Boules 
Jn'lhan Thing 
John Barret son'. 

C. R, Vol. IV. p. 142. 

5 July 1653. At Wells. 

Henry Boade 
Jn*. Wadly 
Edmond Letlefeild 
Jn*. Saunders 
Jn-. White 
Jn* Bush 
Rob* Wadlv 
flrauncis Litlefeild sen'. 
Wm. Warden 
Samuell Austin • 
Wm. Hamans 
Jn*. Wakcfeild 
Tho. Milles 
Antho. Litlefeild 
Jn*. Barrett juni. 
Tho. Litlefeild 
flrauncis Litlefeild jun. 
Nicho. Colo 
Wm. Cole 

C. R.y Vol IV. p. 142. 

5 July 1658. 

Inhabitants of Saco, sworn 
at Wells. 

Thomas Willjams - 
Willjam Scadlocke 
Christopher Hoblis 
Thomas Reading 
Richard Hitchcocke 
James Gibbins 
Thomas Rogers 
Phillip Hinckson 
Robert Booth 
Richard Cowman 
R;dfe Tristram 
George Barlow 
Jn*. West 

Peter Hill . 

Henry Haddock // 



Tliomas Hale , 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. U6, 

5 July 1658. 

The Commissionersof Wells 
and Saco were empow- 
ered to give the outh of 
freemen to 
John Smith Saco. 

Richard Ball Wells. 

Richard Moore " 

Jn*. Elson " 

Arthur Wormestall, " ^ 
Edward Clarke " 

C. /?., Vol. IV. p. U5. 

5 July 1658. 

Inhabitants of Cape Porpus, 
sworn at Wells. 

Alorgan Howell 
Christopher Spurrell 
Thonjaa Warner 
Griffin Mountaguo 
John Baker 
Wm. Renolls 
Steven Batsons 
Gregbry Jeofferjes 
Peter Turbat 
Jn*. Cole 
Symon Trott 
Ambros Bury 

C. R., Vol IV. p. 146. 

3 May 1654. * 

John Morse 
Jacob Eliott 
Jn*. Tinker 
Hugh Drury 
Jn*. Parker 
Tho. Weld 
Jn*. Rugles 
Nath. Glover 
I<acke Jones 
Tho. Hinksman 
Sam. Hunt 
Caleb Brooke 
Tho. Marsh 
Michaell Knight 
Jn*. Kent 
Tho. Battle 
Tho. Herring 
Joseph Child 
ffVanc. Whitmore 
Tho. Sawer 
Jn*. Greene 
Joseph Champney 
Alex. Marsh 
Jn*. fascU 
E<lw. Addams 
Wm. Chard 
James Smith 



IH 



LUA 4(f FrummL 



[Apfa, 



Andrew ffoored 
Jn*. Smith 
Wm. Marble 

C, R,, Vol. IV. p, 160, 

28 Maj 1655.* 

Mr. Seaborn Cotton 
Abra. Newell 
Joseph Griggs 
Tho. Stowe 
Mr. Wm. Hubbard 
Wm. Martyn 
Wm. Eaton 
Jonas Eaton 
Thomas Marshall 
Tim*. Dwiffht 
Tha Medcalfe 
Wm. Hilton 
. Tho. Skinner 
Jn*. Sprange 
Nathan. Upham 
Rich. Boulter 
Thomas Whitman 
Walter Cooke 
Jn*. Guppee 
Jn* Thompson 
Jonas Humphry 
Rich. Porter 
Wm. Rehde 
Symon Stone 
Sam. St atten 
Joshua Hubbard 
Jerremy Hubbard 
•Jn*. Wight 
Wm. Patridji^e 
Joseph Clarke 
Steeven Pajne 
Joseph Addams 
Wm. Johnson 

C. R., Vol IV. p. 

14 May, 1656. 

Mr. Sam. Bradstreet 
Mr. Sam. Whiting 
Mr. Wm. Thompson 
Job Lane 
Jn*. FreaiT 
Tho. Reacl 
Tho. Basse 
Hen. Wooddey 
Abr. Jackewish 
Jn*. Chadwicke 
Steeven Gates 
Abr. Ripley 
Jn*. Ripley 

C.R., Vol IV. p. 219. 

6 May 1657. 

Willjam Lane 
Henry Douglas 



Joaeph How 
Wm. Dinsdale 
Amiell Weekes 
Roger Sumner 
George Sumer 
Justinian Houlden 
Anthony Been 
Jer. Beales 
Rich. Griffyn 
Humphry Barrat 
Jacob Park - 
Leonard Hurr}'man 
Francis Weyman 
Sam. Stone ' 
Tho. ffaxon 
Jn*. Dussett 

C.R.^ Vol IV. p. 241. 

13 July 1658. 

Inhabitants of Black Point, 
Blue Point, Spurwinke, 
and Casco Bay, sworn at 
Spurwinke, by Commia- 
sioners. 

(Francis Smaley 
Nicho. Whito 
Tho. Stamford 
Jonas Bayly 
Robert Corbyn 
Nathaniell Wallis 
Arthur Angur jun. 
John Phillips 
Rich. Martyn 
Georg Lewis 
Ambrose Boden 
Samuell Oakeman 
Andrew Brand 
Mich. Madinde 
Tho. Hamot 
George Taylor 
^ Henry Jocelyn 
Georg Cleane 
Rob* Jordan 
Jn*. Bonighton 
Richard nbxwell 
Henry Watts 
(Tranc. Neale 
Abra. ifellew 
Ambros Boden sen'. 
Mich. Mitton 
Jn*. Symes 
Nico. Edgcomb 

C. R., Vol. IV. p. 295. 

SO May 1660. 

Colonell Wm. Crowne 
Augustine Lindon 
Tho. Dwisdsall 
Tho. Watkins 

[To he continoed.] 



194. 



HnghClariLe 
Jn*. Majei 
Sam. Aujes 
Jn* Elliott ^ 

Alex. Pannly 
Wm. Wheeler ' 
Jn*. Billing « 

Tha Rice 
Mathew Rice 
Hen. Spring 
Jacob Heum 
Nath Clap 
Tho. Rand 
joaiah Hubbard 
James Whitton 
John Nutting 
Phillip Read 

C. IL, Vol IV. p. 896. 

27 May 1668. 

Mr. Jn*. Croad 
Charles Gott 
Exercise Connant 
Samuel Champneys ^ 
Jonathan Hide 
Zech. Hicka 
Abr. Holman 
Jn*. Stratten 
Rob* Harrington 
Nath. Holland 
Rob*. Twelves 
Jn*. Rugglea 
Jn*. Thirston 
Wm. Clough 
Nath. Hutchinson 
Marke Batchiler 
Dani. Pearse 
Jos. Ellis 
Wm. Toy 
Laurenc. Waters 
Tho. Collier 

C.R., VolIVp.Aie. 

19 Oct. 1664. 

John Coldam Gloucester. 
Mr. Robert Gibbs, Boston. 
Mr. Abraham Browne ^' 
Mr. Richard Price 
Arthur Mason 
Samuel Gallop '* 

C. jR., Vol IV p. 458. 

8 May 1665. 

**The several persons nn- 
derwrit returned by cer- 
tificates from the several 
ministers and selectmen, 
were by public sufirage 
of both magistrates and 
Deputies admitted to 



a 



ftL ^i^ ^ 



* Nearly a duplicate of the record nnder date of 18 May, 1653. 



1849.) 



3tamagei tmd Ihadu. 



195 



MABBIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MASRIAQES. 

Allin, Maj. Robbkt, of the U. S. A^ 15 
Febi, in New York, to Miss Mabt Mb- 
hitablbBblchbb of Boston. 
Atbbs, Mb. Lucius, to Miss Abb M. 

Dbab. both of Boston. 
Babtor, Mb., United Ststes Cbarg^ to 
CbiK, 28 Dec, st St Isgo, to a lady of 
that country. 
Bliss, Libut. Col. Wm. Wallacb, Ba- 
ton RoQ^, 6 Dec, to Ma bt Eli z a bbth, 
dan. M». Gen. Zachanr Taylor. 
BoLBS, Mb. Gboboe Vf., 7 Jan., to Miss 

AvABDA F. Smith, both of fiioston. 
BoTBTOR, Mb. William, 1 Feb., to Miss 

Augusta S. Mobsb, both of Boston. 
BiiwsTBB, Libut. Gbo., U. S. A., 27 
Dec, in Brooklyn, N. Y., to Fbanobs 
A, daii. of late fi. W. Whiting of Boston. 
Daoobt, Mb. Hardbl N., of Attleboro', 
Ms., 20 Dec, in Livonia, Livingston Co., 
N. T., to Miss Jarb A. Adams, dan. of 
' Ephraim Adams, Eso., of Livonia. 
Dbhtor, Mb. Jambs Wabbbr, of Cam- 
bridge, 25 Feb, to Miss Sabah Arr. 
dan. of Rev. Stephen Lovell of Boston! 
DiMMiCB, Ret. Luthbb F., D. D., of 
Newbunrport, 13 Mar., at Bradford, to 
Miss Mabt Elizabeth, dan. of An- 
drew Ellison, Esq., and late Principal 
of Bradfofd Academv. 
PizoR, Mb. Gbo., 8 Feb., in Roxbury, to 
Miss Elizabeth C. Daverpobt of 
Boston. 
Fabbirotor, Mb. Samuel P., 15 Jan., to 
Mas. Sabah P. Eldbbdob, both of 
Boston. 
Folleb, Ricrabd R., Esq., of Boston, 5 
Feb^ in Canton, to Miss Sabah K. 
Batch BLDEB of Canton. 
Gardblet, Alpbed, Esq, of Boston, 22 
Jan., to Miss Habbikt H., dau. of Col. 
Pkivl Chase of Brattleboro*. Vt. 
OooKiR, Mb. James M., of Boston, 25 
Nov., to Miss Mabt Arr, dau. of H. B. 
Webb, Esq., of Bath. 
Habtskobr, Johr, Esq., 30 Jan., to Miss 
Louisa F., dau. of late James Pickens, 
both of Boston. 
Howe. Db. Estes, of Cambridge, 28 Dec, 
to Miss Lois Lm dau. of late Abijah 
White, Esq., of Watertown. 
Krioht, Mb. Edwabd, 1 Feb., to Miss 
Elizabeth H. Mobsb, both of Boston. 
Lawbercb, Mb. Hoel Keatiro, of Cir- 
eleville, Ohio, 15 Jan., at Boston, to 
Miss Pamelia Williams,' dau. of Maj. 
D. H. Vinton of the U. S. .\. 
MouLTOR, Berjamir P., 3 Jan., to Miss 
Julia M. W. Lborabo, both of Boston. 
OrsTBB, Ma. Geo., of New Jersey, 4 Feb., 
to Miss Ma BO A BET, daa. of Abraham 
Crabb, Esq., of Oyster Bay, Long Island. 
Pbbbt, Olivbb H., Esq., of Lowell, 3 



March, to Miss Mabt Arhb, dao. of 
Eben Mosely, Esq., of Newbnryport. 

PuiRRET, Ma. Herbt Fbedbbic, 8 Feb, 
in Cooperstown, N. Y., to Miss Cabo* 
LIRE Mabtha, dan. of James Fenimore 
Cooper. 

Phipps, Mb. Berjamir, Jb., at Chelsea, 
3 Jan., to Miss Arrb M., daughter of 
Abel Bowen, Esq. 

Phipps, Rev. Joseph H., of Framingham, 
1 Jan., to Miss LaUba Matilda, dau. 
of Dr. Charles Wild of Brookline. 

PuLSiFEB, Mb. Samuel, of Newton, 11 
Jan., to Miss Mabt Arr Chiokebiho 
of South Dedham. 

Retrolds, Thomas Caute, Esq., of 
Richmond, Va., 28 Nov., at Gibraltar, to 
Miss Heloise Mabie, dau. of late Ho^ 
ratio Sprague, Esq , of Gibraltar. 

Saztor, Mb. H. D. S., 25 Jan., to Misa 
Jarb Isabel Jerkirs, both of Boston. 

Sherwood, Thomas D^ Esq., of New 
' Xork, 25 Jan., in Boston, to Miss Mabt, 
dau. of late Hon. S. J. Hitchcock of New 
Haven, Ct. 

Slaoe, Charles W., editor of the' Boston 
"^ Excelsior," 9 Jan., to Miss Evblira 
E., dau. of Mr. Alexander Vannevar. 

Smith, Mb. Gbo. H., 6 Feb., in Cleveland, 
Ohio, to Miss Mabt J. Sahbobn, for- 
merly of Salem, Ms. 

Smith, Mb. J. H., of Cincinnati, 1 Mar., in 
Brookljm, N. Y., to Miss Mabt J., oan. 
Joseph Arnold, Esq., Boston. 

Smith, Mb. Johr T., of Boston, 1 Jan., at 
Stratbam, N. H., to Miss Ltdia P., dan. 
of John Scammon, Esq., of Stratham. 

Thatbr, Mb. G. Fbamois, of Boston, 18 
Jan., to Miss Sabah H., dau. of Mr. 
Timothy Emerson of Dover, N. H. 

Thomas, Mb. Johr N., 14 Feb., in Provi- 
dence, R. I., to Miss Elizabeth D., 
dau. oi John H. W. Hawkins, the cele- 
brated Temperance Ibctnrer. 

Thompson, Maj. P. R., of the U. S. A., in 
New Orleans, to Miss Henbietta, dau. 
of H. Lockett, Esq. 

Ttlrb, Mb. JosiAH, of East Windsor, Ct., 
27 Jan., in Northampton, to Miss Susar 
W., dan. of Mr. Chester Clarke. They 
are attached to the South African mis- 
sion. 

Wairwrioht, Lieut. Richabd, of the 
U. S. N., in Washington, D. C, to Miss 
Sallt Fkarxlir, dau. of late Richard 
Bache, Esq., of Philadelphia. 

Whelplbt, Jame9, Esq., editor of tho 
American Whig Review, 3 Jan ., in New 
York, to Miss Arr Mabia Wells of 
Roxbury, Ms. 

Williamsor, William Rawliri, Esq., 
Cincinnati, Ohio, 23 Nov., to Miss Cab- 
OLIRE, dau. of CoL Henry HoWt of 
Fozborough, Mi. 

YouRO, Rev. Joshua* of New North 



196 



Marriaget and DuiAb. 



CAfO. 



Charchf Boston, 14 Feb., in Cambridfj^e, 
to Miss Mary Elizabkth, daiLof Syi- 
yanus Plympton, M. O. 



DEATHS. 

Abbot, Miss Elizabbth, at Cambridge, 
27 Feb., a;. 33. Slie was the youngest 
child of the late Rev. Abiel Abbot, D. 
D., I the beloved Pastor, successively, of 
the First Churches in Haverhill and 
Beverly,) by his wife Eunice, daughter 
of Ebeiiezer Wales, Esq., of Dorchester*, 
and was bom March *24, 1815. Her life 
was one of almost uninterrupted physi- 
cal suffering; throughout which she 
displayed a truly Christian fortitude and 
resignation, and finally breathed her last 
at the house of her sister, Mrs. Charles 
Yuughan, late of Hallowell, but now of 
Cambridge. 

Adams, Mb John, Hartford, Pa., 27 Feb., 
s. 103. He was a native of Worcester, 
Ms , and spent much of his early life at 
what is now West Cambridge. 

Adams, Ma. La ban, Boston, 9 Jan., sb. C4. 

Alder, Mr. Jonathan, Cincinnati, 30 
Jan., SB. 75. **Mr. Alder was a native of 
New Jersey, but at a very early age re- 
moved with his parents to Wythe Coun- 
ty, Va., where his father soon aAer died. 
At about the age of eight, as young 
Alder and his brother David were out 
hunting for a stray horse, they were 
surprised and taken prisoners by a strag- 
gling partv of Indians belonging to the 
Mingo tribe. David they soon killed, 
but Jonathan was taken to their village 
on the waters of .Mad river, near to what 
is now the limit of Logan County, 
where he remained a captive until after 
Wayne's treaty in 1705, a period of 24 
years, never during that time receiving 
any intelligence of his mother, or any 
of his relatives. After Wayne's treaty, 
Mr. Alder, haviiTg accidentally learned 
that his relatives were still living in 
Virginia, paid them a vistt. and was once 
more clasped in the arms of his aged 
mother, who had long since supposed 
him numbi>red with the dead. Mr. Alder 
returned to Ohio, married, and settled 
on a farm on Big Darby, where he re- 
sided until his death, res>{)ected by all." 

Cin'tnnttti Timet. 

Arnold, Coi^. Elisha, Cranston, R. I., 
II Jan., ae S7, a revolutionary soldier. 

Bartlett, Rev. John, Marblehead, 3 
Feb., m. 6G. Mr. B. was settled in Mar- 
blehead in 18U, and we know of few 
clergymen whose paternal regard for 
the people of his charge was more 
extensive, or whose loss would be more 
generally felt. 

Ba rss, Capt. Bbi^a, Cohassett,13 Jan.,x. 
77, for many years a master shipbuilder. 



BioBLow, BiiiJAMiif, Esq., Cambridfe, 
34 Feb.. «. 83. Mr. Bigelow was one of 
the oldest inhabitants of Cambridge* 
Ho was born in Westminster, Worcester 
County, Aug. 6, 17C5. His father, Jabex 
Bigelow, was a Lieutenant at West 
Point at the time of Arnold's treech- 
erous attempt to deliver that fortress 
into the hands of the British, and died 
at the age of 90. His grandfather. F.lie- 
zur Bigelow, was the son of Joshua 
Bigelow, who served in King Philip's 
War, received a grant of land for his 
services, and lived to be 90 years of age. 
He \»as the son of John Bigelow of 
Watertown, who is said to have taken 
the Oath of Fidelity in l03G.' His name 
in the ancient records is usually spelled 
Big^dy or Bigulah : and the first inar> 
riage recorded in Watertown is that of 
*'John Bi^ulahand Mary Warin, joyned 
in mariag before Mr. Nowell, the 30. 8. 
1642." Bigelow's occupation appears 
from the following entry in the Tows 
Reconls, under date of March 4, 16.10-1. 

** Agreed w*^ John Biglo y* for tea 
trees the towne allowed him -for the set- 
ting up a shop for a Smithes forge, y^ he 
shall either goe on w<^ y* his promise of 
setting up Ati trade, w^ i$ ike trtvit of a 
Smith, w^i^in one twelfmonth after the 
date hearoof^ or else to pay unto the 
towne ten shillings (or these ten trees he 
acknowledged to have bif the townes.** 

John Bigelow was chosen a Surveyor 
of Highways in 1050 and 1G60; a Con- 
stable in 1063; and one of 'Mhe seven 
men" (i. e. Selectmen) in 1CG5, 1670, 
and 1G71. His '' Homestall " consi!ited 
of six acres, and was bounde<l noiih by 
Richanl Ambler and William Parker, 
east by Thomas Straight,* south by the 
highway, and west by Miles Ives. He 
die;'. Jufy 14, 1703. aged 80 years. 

Benjamin Bigelow, the subject of this 
notice, was one of ten children, all of 
whom lived to become heads of fami- 
lies, and two of whom still survive, one 
b«*ing S(j years of age, the other 73. Mr. 
Bigelow was the son of relii^ious pa- 
rents, his mother, especially. being re- 
membered as *'an eminently godly wo- 
man." Brought up in his native town, 
be was married to Rebecca Boman, in 
1790, and removed to Boston in 1802, 
and thence to Cambridge in 1804; from 
which time he was actively engaged in 
mercantile pursuits till 1835, when, pos- 
sessed of a competence, and beginning to 
feel the weight of years, he closetl bis 
public business concerns, and passed the 
rest of his days in retirement, on his 
beautiful estate, well known as the *^ la- 
man Faim." of Revolutionary memory. 

In early life Mr. Bigelow was honored 

. * This nain« la not to be fband In Farmer's Gene* 
alogieal lt«(lst«r. 



184».J 



Marriage* and DeaQu. 



197 



with important miliUrj trusts ; serving, 
iIio,M a volunteer in the force which 
vuniseJ to suppress Shay s*8 Rebellioo. 
As an inhabitant of Camhridee, he en* 
ioved the respect and cnntid^nce of his 
fellovr citizens. He frequently was 
chosen Selectman, and aUo an Overseer 
of the Poor; was repeatedly elected Rep- 
resentative to the General Court; and 
lostaioed the office of Assessor for a 
greater numberofyears than almost any 
other person in the town. 

After the death of his wife, which oc- 
curred some five years since, Mr. Bil- 
low, whose sight had l)een gradually 
C&iling for some time previous, soon be- 
came totally blind. But though his 
hearing was also seriously affected, and 
he had buried nearly all of his own gen- 
eration, he never appeared otherwise 
than cheerful. Surrounded by kind 
friends, he patiently awaited his end, 
and when it approached, sank to rest 
without a murmur and without a strug- 
gle. 

The leading traits in Mr. Bigelow's 
character were, an earnest, but unosten- 
tatioiis, piety; a social disposition, which 
rendered his company agreeable to pei- 
sons of all agvs; an unbounded hospi- 
tality, which caused his noble mansion 
to M frequented by a large circle of 
friends; and an unbending integrity and 
high sense of honor in his intercourse 
with others. In addition to this, he 
was charitable to a proverb, so that it 
was said of him, " his heart is as large 
as that of an ox." 

On the Sabbath but one after his de- 
cease, an affectionate tribute was paid to 
his memory by his Pastor, Rev. William 
A Stearns, in a discourse from 1 Chron. 
xxix. 28, Ami he died in a good old age^ 
fitU of dajft, rickrt. and honor. 

Bootuby, WiD. Sarah, Limington, Me., 
31 Jan., se. 68 yrs.. n mos.. havini; had 11 
children. 5i> grandchildren, and 52 great- 
grandchildren. 

BowDEN, Mb. Samuel, Marblehead, 6 
Feb., m. 98 yrs., 2 mos , 9 days. 

Bower, Mb. Jebemiaii, Landaff, N. H., 
10 March, e., 98, a soldier of the Revo 
Intion. 

Bbadfobd, Mb. Josiah, Duxbury, 27 Jan., 
m. 10 yrs., 2 mos. and 2 dayi. He wns 
tha youngest and last surviving of six 
aons of Capt. Samuel Bradford, who 
died in Duxbury while on a furlough, 
17 Febt, n77, «. 47. 

BaooES, Hon. Peteb C, Boston, 1 Jan., 

Browsi, Mr. Roorrt. Belcherlown, 13 
Feb, a. 85. A Revolutionary soldier 

Bbownb, CArr. Thomas, Portland, Me. 
3 March, e. 81. 

Cabb, Misa JuoiTn, Newbury, 31 Jan., 
a.O0L 



Caswbll, Rev. Jassx, at Bankok. Siam,' 
25 Sept., e. 39. He was an Ameiican 
Midsionaiy, had been nine veais on that 
station, and died aAer an illness of only 
one week. 

Clayton, Mb. Chables M., in Havana, 
of consumption. 20 Jan , sp. 21 ; son of 
Hon. John M. Clayton, of United Statea 
Senate. 

Colby. Lt. Thomas, Bow. N. H.,25 Dec, 
set. 92; a Revolutionary soldioi. 

Crafts, Samuel, Esq., Hartwick, Otsego 
Co., N. Y., at. 89 , a native of .Monson, 
Mass , and a Revolutionary Siddier. 

Cbawfokd. Hon. Wm., Mobile, Ah., 26 
Feb. j Judge of the U. S. District Court. 
He was born in Virginia, and removed 
to Alabama in 1810. 

Crosby, Mks. Kitty, in Louisville, Kv., 
10 Keb,sF. 81. She was widow of the 
late Dr. John Crosby pf .Montpelier. Vt., 
and sister to Hon. .lohn Locke and Hon. • 
Joseph Lpcke of Low*ell. 

Currier, Mr Ricbabd, Methuen, 27 
Feb., s. ^9 yrs.. 1 1 mos.. 6 days. 

Cu sill NO, Capt. John N., Newburynort, 
5 Jan., sp. CO yrs., 8 mos., father of Hon. 
Caleb Cushing. 

Davknpokt, Mrs. Maby Jane. Boston. 1 
Jan., x. 50, wife of Mr. Hart DavenporL 

Davenport, Rrv. Robert D., Alexan- 
dria, La.. 24 Dec, for many years mis- 
sionary at Sinm from the Baptist Board. 

Dkan, Prof. Jam fs, LL. D., Burlington, 
Vt , 20 Jan., ae. 73. Prof Dean was son 
of Williard, b. 1739, son of William, b. 
1712. son of William, b. iri89. son of 
James, b. jri<l7. He was foimerly Pro- 
fessor of .Mathematics and Natural Phi- 
losophy in Veimont University. an early 
.member of the .^meiican Academy of 
Arts and Sciences, and contributed sev- 
eral very valuable articles to the publi- 
cations ef the Society. His contribu- 
tions may also be Ibund in the American 
Journal of Science and of the Franklin 
Institute. He graduated at Dartmouth 
in ISOO. 

Dkan, Mrs. Sarah. Raynham, m, 99, 
widow of late Hon. Josiah Dean. 

Dix, Likut. Col. Rookr S., Hillsboro*, 
Pa., 7 Jan., Paymaster of U. S A. 

DoLiBKR, Mrs. Sarah. Marblehead, m. 9S 
yrs , 3 mos., and Vl days. 

Dbare, Mb. William. Middleboro*, 14 
Dec 33 87. a Revolutionary pensioner. 
He served during nearly all the war, 
was in many trying scenes and con- 
flicts, and hail a knee broken in the ser- 
vice. He was a son of Joseph Diake of 
Taunton, who was son of Benjamin of 
Rasion, who was son of Thomnx of 
Weymouth, an orijfinal emigrant to New 
Fn»land. 

Drake. Mb. Noah. Torrington. Ct., 3 
March. «. 91, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
He had taken the Hartford CuuiiuUabtfVi 



198 



'€$ and DeaAt, 



I 



•ijrfy jffon / He wm son of Noab Drake 
of Windior, Ct^ who died in 1804, oe. 90, 
grandson of Enoch, great-grandson of 
Enoch who was son oiJohn, son of John 
• who emigrated from England and set- 
tled in Windsor, 1G35 or 1636. His wife 
was Anna Parsons. 

Emskson, Mr. Joseph, Newbaryport, as. 
81. Mr. E. was postmaster of Newbarj- 
|>ort daring Washington's administn- 
tion. 

Eybritt, Mr. Otis, Boston, 4 Jan., ae. 70. 

Fbssvmdkh, Miss Salomb, Boston, 31 
Jan., as. 80. 

Fish, Capt. Lb wis L., in the S^a of Och- 
otsk, master of the Bremen whale ship 
Alexander Barclay, and a native of 
Sandwich, Mass. 

Ford, Hbzxxiah, E. Cleveland, Ohio, 
18 Dec, a. 91. 

Foster, Mrs. Sarah, Beverly, 22 Feb., 
m. 94 jrs. 11 mo. She was widow of 
late Ezra T. Foster, and dan. of Deacon 
William Sticknev of Billerica. 

FooTB, Mrs. S. A., Cleveland, Ohio, 12 
Jan., widow of Uite Gov. Foote of Con- 
neipticat. 

Fox, Joel, Dracut, 8 Feb., se. 91, a soldier 
of the Revolation. 

Gat, Mrs. Luct, W. Dedham, 8 Feb., ». 
84, widow of late Lemuel Gay. 

Granger, Thomas, Middlebury, Ohio, ae. 
83, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Grimes, Capt. Kliab, in San Francisco, 
California, 7 Nov., s. 69, a native of 
Fitchburg,^ Mass. 

Hale, Davip, Fredericksburg, Va., 20 
Jan., 8). 59, editor of the New York Jour- 
nal of Commerce. 

Harris, Sarah Duncan, South Boston, 
16 Dec, 1848, as. 17. She was the eldest 
daughter and second child of Mr. John 
Alexander and Mrs. Harriet Milter Har- 
ris, and granddaughter of the late Rev. 
Thaddeus Mason Harris ; and was born 
Dec. 30, 1831. She died of a rapid con- 
sumption, after a sickness of but a few 
short months. 

Havbn, Mrs. Abigail, Portsmouth. N. 
H., s. 92. She was widow of the late 
Samuel Haven, Esq., who died in 1825, 
s. 71, and was eldest son of Rev. Sam- 
uel Haven, D. D., for many years nastor 
of the South Parish in Portsmootn. 

Hicks, Mrs. Sarah, Warren, R. I., 1 
Feb., SB. 90, widow of Capt. Samuel 
Hicks. 

Hinklbt, Samttbl, Esq., Hardwick, 29 
Jan., a. 82, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Holm AM, Mr. Stkpbbm, Bangor, 6 Feb., 
SB. 88, a soldier of the Revolution. 

HoLMAif, Mrs. Susanna, Millbury, 25 
Feb., s. 89, widow of the late Col. Jon- 
athan Holman of the Revolution. 

HowB, Widow Luct, N. Salem, 2 Mar., 
SB. 96 jmn 10 mo., a Revolutionary pen- 
sioner. 



Jbwbtt, Mr. Enoch, Hollis, N. 9. 
He was a Revolutionary soldier ft 
battle of Bonker Hill to the end 
war. 

JoHNSOH , Capt. Silas, Amherst, 1 
SB. 86. A soldier of t^e Bevolatic 

Kbllooo, Majob Chbstbr, Amfa 
Jan., 61. 

Kn App, John, Esq., Boston, 9 Bis 
70. He was a gradoate of H. C. 
class of 1800. * 

Krambr, Mr. Mblchior, Boston, 9 
SF. 56. 

Lamb, Mrs. Rosanra, Boston, 10 
SB. 89, widow of late Thomas Lsi 

Larkin, Samubl, Esq., Portsmoi 
H., 10 March, sb. 76. Mr. Lsrli 
long been known as one of the n 
spected, upright, indostrions, usei 
zens of that town. He was faith 
exemplary in the discharge of 
duties as a citizen, a friend, and a 
tian. He bore prosperity withoa 
and adversity without complain' 
loss is one that will be severely 
his friends, his townsmen, and tn 
monity at iarge. 

Latham, Mr. William, Ledyard, 
Jan., SB. 85, one of the defenders < 
Griswold. 

Lbavitt, Mr. Josbpb M., BosI 
Feb., as. 44 yrs. 7 mo. Mr. L. w; 
a respectable member of the fim 
& J. M. Leavitt, merchants, Bost< 

Le Baron, Dr. Isaac, Plymou 
Jan., ae. 71. 

Leonard, Mr. David, ». 84, ai 
Benjamin, ae. 80, brothers. Their 
occurred about two hours a|ia 
they were buried in the same era 

Leonard, Dr. Jonathan, Sandw: 
Jan., fe. 86, a graduate of H. C. 
class of 1786. 

LoRiNG, Mrs. Ellen Maria. N. 
ver, 4 March, s. 24, dau. of Hon. 
P. King. 

LoRiNO, Mr. David, Cfhcinnati, 
Jan., ae. 64. Mr. Loring remove 
New York to Cincinnati thi 
years since, and by a life of indus 
perseverance has done more th 
wards beautifying the city with s 
tial structures than pernaps an 
man now living. He was a < 
student of the doctrines of Sv 
BORo, scrupulously just in all hi 
course with his fellow men, upr 
his course through life, and enrii 
the love and respect of all whc 
him. 

LoRiNo, Mrs. Love, Cambridge, ] 
as. 74. 

Lton, Miss Mart, Sooth Hadley, 
SB. 32, Principal of the Mount 1: 
Seminary. 

Mason, ubh. John, Clarmont, 
March, m, 83. He was the perso 



1849.] 



Mmnriag€9 and Deathi. 



199 



iBUmato frieiid Mid anoeimte of Je Ar- 
100, Madison, ud Monroe, and daring 
ibe adminiatrationa of the two laat. filled 
offices of tniat and honor, which he ac- 
cepted at their request 

Mills, Lt. Tbomas, Dunbarton, N. H., 15 
Dec^ «. 9a He raUined his bodily and 
mental lacnlties to the laat in a remark- 
able degree. He was veij abstemious, 
sever drank an^ ardent spirit^ and never 
was sick a day in his life. He was the 
first person in the town who en lilted to 
join Gen. Stark at Bennington in 1777, 
aod among the first who went over the 
breastworks of the enemy in that battle. 
Durinr the war, Lt Mills and a man 
Bamed Piper, took prisoners seven men 
lad two Doys near a bridge over the 
Hoosick, although Mills and Piper had 
each a Heasian prisoner taken just be- 
fore. 

MoamiLL, Hon. Bayid L., Concord, N. 
H., 28 Jan. ae. 76 vrs. 7 mo. 18 days. 
* Gov. Morrill was bom in Epping, this 
State, June 10, 1772 *| was the oldest son 
nf Rev. Samuel Morrill, and grandson of 
Rev. Isaac Morrill, of Wilmington, Ms., 
both craduatea of Harvard College. In 
1793 he aettled at Epsom, as a physi- 
cisn, where he remained until 1800. In 
October, of that year, he commenced the 
study of divinity, was approbated as a 
preacher the following Jane, and was 
ordained as pastor of the Presbyterisn 
Congregational Church in Gonstown, 
March 2, 1802. In 1807, he -resumed 
the practice of pbjrsic, and continued it, 
when not drawn from it b^ public duties, 
until 1830. In 1811, at his own request 
he was dismissed from his pastoral du- 
ties to the church in Goffstown, on ac- 
count of ill health. In 1808 he was 
elected a member of the Legislature 
from Goffstown, and was annually re- 
elected Representative until 1817; at 
the June session, 1810, he was elected 
Speaker of the House of Representatives 
and the same session was chosen Sen- 
ator in Congress, for 6 years from the 
4th of March, 1817; his term expired on 
the 4th of March, 1823, and at the March 
election, of that year, he was elected a 
State Senator to represent the 8d Sena- 
torial District, and waa chosen President 
of the Senste the following June. The 
next year he succeeded Governor Wood- 
bory as Chief-Magistrate of the State, 
and in 1825 he received 30,167 of the 
30,770 votes given for Governor in the 
whole State that year. In 1826, in a 
sharp contest, he was re elected Govern- 
or, having for a competitor for the Gn- 
bematorial Chair, the late Gow. B. Pierce 
of Hillsborough. 

In addition to the titles of * Dr.,' ' Rev.,* 
' G<»w.,^ ' Senator,' fcc, Dartmouth Col- 
lege conferred upon him the titles, * ifiis- 



ter ofJrU,* and * Doctor of Medicine,' and 
the University of Vermont added, * Doc- 
tor o/ZoiPS.'" — Cbiic. Dem, 

Morris, Thomas, Esq., New York. He 
was for many years U. S. Marshall, and 
son of the celebrated Robert Morris of 
Philadelphia. 

MoRSV, Mr. Lbon ard, Sherburne, m. 57. 

MrsscT, Mrs.'Brtsxy Woodbury, wife 
of Benj. B. Mussey, Esq., of Boston, 20 
March, se. 40 years. 

MussBY, Mrs. Dollt, N. Brighton, Me., 
5 Feb., a}. 91, widow of late Theodore 
Mussey, Esq , of Standish. 

Ogirr, Lewis, Camden, Me., 30 Jan., s. 
88, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Oliver, Mrs. Eliza, Boston, 28 Dec, m, 
71, widow of late Hubbard Oliver. 

Parker, Mr. Eliab, N. Reading, 11 Feb., 
ae 80. 

Peters, Amos, Mt Airy, Hunterdon Co, 
N. J., 14 Jan., ae. 90, a sergeant in the 
Rev. army. ** Several matrons ot that 
period have left us within a few days, all 
over 90 years of age ; among them Mrs. 
Amelia Lippincott, grandmother of Ste- 
phens, the traveller and author, who died 
at Shrewsbury, Monmouth county, on 
the 27tb ult.. in the 96th year of her age. 
She retained the possession of her facul- 
ties to the Issl."— iWirarA: Daily Jdo,, 
Feb, 1840. 

Porter, Mrs. Har If All, Hampton Falls, 
N. H., 05. 96. She was widow of late 
John Porter, and dau. of Hon. Meshech 
Weare, first Governor of New Hamp- 
shire. She is said to have entertained 
at her house, Washington, Lafayette, ana 
many Revolutionary worthies. 

Potter, Capt. Jambs, North Adams, 22 
Jan., K. 89. a soldier of the Revolution. 

Prentiss, Mrs. Sarah Jbwett, Boston, 
5 Jan., ae. 39, wife of Mr. Henry James 
Prentiss, snd dau. of late Eliphalet Jew- 
ett, formerly of Salem. 

Prince, David, Esq., Cumberland, Me., 
3 Feb , oj. 95 yrs. 9 mo. 

Randall, Reuben, Greenville Co., N. Y., 
le. 91, a Revolutionary soldier. He was 
a native of Connecticut, and 19 years of 
age when he entered the army. 

Rkkd, William Gordon, at Paris, 13 
Feb., ae. 37, eldest son of William Reed, 
of Boston, formerly of the house of 
Paine, Striker & Co., Batavia, Java. 

Salmon, John, Esq, Boston. 15 March, 
ae. 83. Mr. Salmon has, through a long 
and active life, sustained the reputation 
of an honest msn and one of the most 
useful citizens. When about ten years 
old he witnessed the battle of Bunker's 
Hill and the conflagration of Charles- 
town. This he viewed from Coops 
Hill, and though he was at that time a 
mere child, the impressions made on his 
mind by that tragic scene remained clear 
and vivid till the end of his life. 



200 



DonationB to the Soeidf. 



[April 



Sandeesoii, Mbs. Sabab, Roxbarj, 14 

Jan., SB. 9S. 
Simpson, Ma. Benj., Saco, Me., a. 94, one 

of the immortal "Tea Party." 
Stackpole, Absalom, N. Berwick, Me, 

30 Jan., X. 90, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 
Stone, Capt. John, Worlhington, 20 

Feb., s. 00. He lurvivec^ his wife, with 

whom he had lived sixty-five years, just 

two wef ks. 
Sto.nk. Mrs. Sarah, Watertown, 27 Feb., 

ffi. 87, widow of late Jonathan Stone. 
Stonk, William. Halloweli. Me., ae 87, 

a Revolutionary soldier and one of the 

first settlers of the town. 
Ten Bkoeck, Rev Petrus S., Danicrs, 

21 Jan.. SB. 57, formerly Rector of St. 
Paul's church in Portland. 

Thcmas, Mr. Sidney, St. Louis, 28 Jan., 
s. 34. n native of Plymouth, Mass. 

Thomtson, Mr. Ben.t. F., of Hempstead, 
L. I., suddenly, in the city of New Yoik, 

22 March. Mr. Thompson is extensive- 
ly known as the author of the history of 
Long Island, was for several years Dis- 
trict Attorney of Queen's County, and 
ranked among the most respectable 
scholars in historic and antiquarian lore 
that this country afibrds. 



Wkbstbr, Mbs. Cyntbia, widow of hte 
Charles R. Webster of Albany, N. Y^ at 
Albion, N. Y., 22 Dec, 1848, m, 79. 

Wilkinson, Mrs. Betsey, Boston, 11 
Jan., {£. 6Q, wife of Simon Wilkinson, 
Ksq. 

Williams, Miss Dorothy, Hadtey, 7 
Jan., X. 84, dau. of Hon. William Wil- 
liams, formerly of Dalton. 

Williams, Widow Elizabeth, Roxbo- 
ry, 31 Jan., ae. 69. 

Williams, Joel, Orange, N. J., 28 Feb, 
a?. 86. He was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion, and had lived with his wife, who 
survives him, sixty-one years in the 
same house where he died. 

Williams, Miss Julia, Northampton, 10 
March, as. 65, eldest dau. of late Rev. 
Solomon Williams, of thattown. 

Williams, Hon. Timothy S., Ithaca, N. 
Y., 11 March, Senator from the 26tli 
diiktrict of that state. 

Wilson, Mks. Jane, Bath, Me , 14 March, 

• ap. 99. 

Winoate, Painx, Esq, Halloweli, Me., 

IB.61. 

Within, Samuel, Wilton, Me., an. 01 yrs. 

8 mo., b Revolutionary pensioner. 
WooDBUET, Mr. John, Boston, 24 Dec^ 

a:;. 80. 



DONATIONS TO THE SOCIETY. 

Hon. Samuel Brkck, of Philadelphia, an ancient Map of Boston, (1769) 

C. M. Taintor. Esq., of Shelbunie, Ms., several MSS. of the lievolu- 
tionary period, and early newspapers. 

Rev. Erastus AVentworth, of Lebanon, 111., catalogue of the officen 
and students of M'Kendree College, 1848, 

Mr. S. T. Far well, several valuable modern pamphlets. 

J. WiNGATE Thornton, Esq., do. do. 



The publisher would a^^k pardon of all persons of the name of Frth 
hislier — regularly entitled to that name — in the United Statei^. for what 
may be eonsidered ignorance on the part of the author of the "Memoirs ol 
Sir Martin Frobisher," in the last number of the Register. The writer ol 
that article will be acquitted even of the charge of ignorance, when we 
assure our readers that no such name is to be found among our subscribers i 



Several valuable works sent to be noticed will receive attention in 
our next. 



Many vnhmble communications are unavoidably deferred at present 
They shall receive early attention. 



(^ Mr. A. M. Griggs, of Chaplin, Ct., desires information respecting his 
name and family. 



I 



• I 

I ■ . ' 



■ ■ V ; . 



■f 



»♦. 



M; 




firaiW ENGLAND 
HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL REGISTER. 



VOL. III. 



JULY, 1849. 



NO. HI. 



NOTICE OF EDWARD RAWSON, 



, *Boa 16S0 TO 1686. 

Edward Rawsoh, the reputed descendant and namesake of a cer- 
tun doughty Sir Edward Raweon, of ancient memory, was born in 
&t Tillage of Giliingham, upon the river Stonr, in the County of Dorset, 
Old England, April 16th," 1615. Of his early life we know but little. 
He was married, in due time, to Rachael, daughter of Thomas Ferae, 
and granddaughter of that John Hooker, whose wife was a Grindal, 
oMer to Edmund Grindal, " the most worthily renowned Archbishop of 
Canterbury," in the reign of Queen Elisabeth. By this marriage he 
became connected with two of Now England's greatest Divines, Hooker 
and Wilson, the latter of them, says Cotton Mather, " having for liis 
mother a niece of Dr. Edmund Grindal ;" and the same veracious 
chronicler makes honorable mention, ia his life of Wilson, of tho "good 
kinsman of his, who deserves to live in the same story, as he now livca 
in the same Heaven, with him, namely, Mr. Edward Rawsou, the 
honored Secretary of the Maasachuset Culony." f 

Rawson came to New England in 1636 or 1637, and became tax 
inhabitant of the town of Newbury, then recently settled. Hi* name 
appears on the list of twenty-six persons who were admitted Freemen 
in " the Erst m-llS:" t »■ e. in March, 1637-8; and on the 19th of 
the following month, April, he was invested with the office of " publick 
notary and register for the towne of Newbury, and whilst he so remains 
to be allowed by the towne after the rate of five pounds per annum for 

* The " Mamorial of (ha lUwson Family," snyt. on ptgt S, that Ttawnon wu bom 
Apnl ■&. Ilil&. But on paRO 10 or iho Mme work Ik n rci'onl. exlrnrli^il rniin ihe Fmiiilj 
Bilil* of Uic SecreUr/. in Uic bllowiii); words : — '' Thin iiiRr rertir* whome ii may con- 
oernc ihM HaIwhiI Kawion (SecrclBr;) was home in Old Kng]tini in Ihe venre 'nroar 
Lao) I«I&. April l«ih." ftv &c. Tlie orJKinnl record n glHtdl to he " in 
of Jill Itbc SvcruUr)''B| ion WillUni." lo whom llie BMe deacendeil on ihe ileaih 
(•tbcr , aud if this u UU) cuo, we cnii h&te liitle hesiiaiion in preft^ng the 

t Moihar'B Uognulio. (fol. Lond. ITOS.) Book III. pp. 41, SO. 
t Mom. C«k>DT Keconta, Lili. 1. fuL lys. 



Jr'hS 



202 Notiee of Edward Rgwnm. U^7f 

bis pajnes." To this office was added that of a Selectman, and also 
that of '' Commissioner for small causes ;" * and he was chosen one of 
fhe Deputies to represent the town at the May and September sessions 
of the General Court.f Thus suddenly, in a few short months, was 
Edward Rawson elevated to civil office. We must suppose him to have 
been possessed of no ordinary talents for business, and of a large 
share of public spirit, thus soon to have recommended himself so favor- 
ably to the notice of his fellow townsmen, and to have taken his seat^ 
at the age of three and twenty, among the legislators of the Colony. 
In 1639 Rawson again represented Newbury in the Oeneral Courty 
at its three sessions ; and at the May session the Colony Records % in- 
form us that he ^^ is granted 500 acres at Pecoit so as hee go on with 
the busines of powder if the salt Peter come." In 1641 we again find 
bim serving in the capacity of Commissioner for small causes in New* 
bury; and in 1642 he was one of the committee to which '' by the 
generall consent of all the freemen, the stinting of the commons was 
referred." § In September of this year he again appears as a Deputy 
to the General Court. In January, 1648-4, the Town Records of 
Newbury recite that '^ in consideration of Mr. Rawson*s keeping the 
towne book, it is ordered by us according to our power from the 
towne and courte granted to us, that he shall be freed and exempted 
firom all towne rates for one whole yeare from the twenty-ninth of Sep> 
tember last to the twenty-ninth of September next 1644.'^ || In May 
of this year, 1644, Rawson again took hb seat in the House of Dep- 
uties ; and at the session in October, 

" In answer to a petition p'ferd by M'. Rawson for land in rfefference to 
bis Journey to the eastward, this Court graunts him two hundred acres 
nppon Cochituate River above Dover bounds not graunted to any others 
p'vided that Capt. Pendleton be Joyned w^ Peter Coffin in laying out the 
8ame.''Y 

In 1645 Newbury was represented at the three ^ sessions of the 

* Memorial of the Rawson Family; Coffin's Historj of Ncwborr, pp. 27, 2S, 316. 

t As this statement appiCrentlj conflicts with that of the laborioos historian of Newbarj, 
on paj^ 48 of his work, it behooves us to account for the discrepancy, in self-defence. 
Mr. Coffin says, under date of April I, 1647, " At the same meeting the ^aelcctmen/ 
•one grand juryman,* a 'constable, three 'waywardens,' and a 'deputy* to the gencaral 
court were chosen. This depuhr was Mr. Edward Rawson, who this year was chosea • 
secretary of state, in room or Mr. Increase Nowell.** This passage, taken in connecdM 
wi^h the circumstance that the diligent author has not indiirated, in any previoiis year, m 
ejection of a Deputy, has caused it to be inferred that Newbury was for tlie first time rep- 
mented in the General Court in the year 1647. But that this was not the case will £• 

3 parent from a glance at the Colony Records, which show that the Town was repretent- 
, in May, 1636, by John Spencer; in September, of the same year, by Spencer and 
£dward Woodman; in December by Spencer; in 1637 by Woodman and John Wood- 
bridge; in March, 1637-8, by Woodbridge; in May, 1638, by Woodbridge and Rawson; 
Ac. For a corroboration of this statement we would refer to New Hampshire Hiat Colli 
n. 210, SI 1, 212, as more accessible to the general reader than the Colony Records. With 
.mgard to the Secretaryship, we would merely remark, in this connection, that from tkt 
■ Colony Records it appears that Increase Nowell was chosen Secretary, for the last tiott, 
on May Sd, 1649, and was succeeded by Rawson at the next annual election, and Ml 
mtil then. 

iLib. L fol. 252. f Coffin's Newbury, pp. 33-4, S5-6. |i Ibid., p. 40. 
Colony Records, Lib. III. fol. 442-3. 
^ " Att another Session of j* Generall Ooorte of Eleccons called by warruiti hr j* 
Ckm'nor J* is JL 1645: P'sent thcfeat tha Ooa'ao' Dqmt Goo'no^ 4 y« rest or 7* 



1849.] N9tie$ of Edward Rawwm. 203 

OenenI Court bj Rawson and*Kcliard Dammer. The first session of 
the Coart in this jear was rery long, continiung from May 14th until 
Saturday, Joly 5&/ In the last week of this protracted sitting, but a day 
or two before Uieir dissolution, the Deputies passed the following rote :-— 

*^ Edward Rawson is chosen Ic appointed Clarke to the house Depu's for 
<Hie whole yeere to Enter all votes past in both houses & those aisoe y* 
passe only by them into their booke of Records." f 

In 1646 Ra^von retained hb seat as Deputy, and his office of Clerk 
of the House ; and was also, in conjunction with '^ M' Woodman and 
Hene'y Shorte,'' appointed and authorized, by both houses, ^^ to end 
smale causes at Newbe^y for the yeere ensewmg aco'ding to Lawe.'' \ 
At the same time he sustained the office of Selectman § in Newbury, 
and in November received a commission ^' to see people joyne in mar- 
riage in Newberry, during the pleasure of the Court." || At this same 
session, in November, 1646, 

^ Itt is Ordered " by the Deputies ^ y' Edward Rawson shall have twenty 
markes allowed him for his paines out of y* next levy as Seer* to y* House 
of Depu^ fir ttoo yeeres past,'*% 

This vote of the Deputies was passed ^' by both houses," and the 
Court, subsequently to its passage, entered the following declaration in 
iheir Records : — 

*' Mr. Edward Rawson having been employed to signe and transcribe all 
bills that passe in a booke, yet being sensible of the groat expences and 
charge which this Court is at, and difficulty to raise small matters, not 
doubting of his being sensible with us thereof, to meet in that respect what 
was allowed him by us for one year's service, viz : twenty marks, shall be 
all that shall be alowed him, and paid him out of the next levy for his 
service done, and he shall do to the end of this Court, conceiving it to be 
but just in some measure to recompence labours of this kind, which we 
would not be backward in.**** 

Li 1647 and 1648 Rawson continued to represent Newbury in the 
General Court. In the former year he seems to have been superseded 
in lus office as Town Clerk of Newbury, by " Mr. John Lowle."tt In 



Aflistaats wf^ all tki dqmii of ^ Uul generall CourU except Left. Atlierton : who 
im oat on ipedall 0Gcac5n." Col Bee, 

At the setnoQ of the Court in October the RecordB inform us that there were present 
*tUtM0 dlm^. Capt Wjggin excepted : & y* depu^s of Boston." Ibid. 

• See Savage's WinthrcH), ii. 246. 

t Goloay Becords, Lib. lu. fol. 21.— In the Memorial of the Rawson Family mention 
if not maoB of this early appointment, but of its renewal only, in 1649. 



t Ibid. Lib. III. foL 66. S Coffin, pp. 44. 46. 
I Colony Records, lib. II. fol. 244.~The possa 



ago in the text u from the Records of 
the General Court, properly so called, kept by the Colonial Secretary. But the Recordlo 
ef the Honse of Deputies, which are indiscriminately numbered and dted as consecutiTo 
vsloMt of the Colonial Rccoids, contain Uie following more minute entiy, by Rawson 
lunaelf, of this appointment :— ** In Ansr to y* peticon of y* Towne of Newbery Edward 
Bawson is Appointed k Authorized by this Courte to marry such as are published aconl- 
jv to y« order of y« Courte & during y* Courts pleasure.*' Col, Rtc, Lib. III. fil 84. 
The ftct that this appointment, trivial m itself, was made *'m muwer to tia petition of tki 
3W» of Ntwimry^ eTidencei the contideration in which Rawson was held by his fulow 



Tlbfal.Lib.m. foL84. ••Ihid. Lib.ILiQl.Md. ttOoan,p.4a. 



204 Nadee qf Bdmard Awmi. [ JqIj, 

1648 he received two grants of land, the first, at the May sesnon of 
ihe Court, of fifteen hundred acres, jointly with Bev. John Wilson, of 
Boston, ^^ next adjoining to the three thousand acres enmted to Mr. 
John Winthrop, at Paquatuck, near the Narraganset Uoontry, but in 
ease Mr. John Winthrop perform not the condition with respect to the 
time limited, that then the fifteen hundred acres of the said Mr. Wilson 
and' Mr. Edward Bawson shall be of the said three thousand acres 
granted to the s£ud Mr. Winthrop ;"* the second grant is the subject 
of the following vote of the Court, passed at its sessidh in October : — 

" In answer to the petition of M' EkLward Rawson for satuiractioQ in re- 
gard of charges he hath ben at Sc damages which he hath susfaynd aboot 
pvisioDs to make gunpowder It is ordred that in Regard of his great for- 
wardnes & Readines to advance so hopefull a designe as the makinge of 
saltpeter within this Jurisdiction who for that end Sc purpose bath disbursed 
certayne moneyes to his great Losse & Damage p'^sented to us at Large in 
his petition Delivered into the p^sent Court have therefore in Consideration 
of the p^'mises & Answer to his sd petition given and graunted unto him & 
his heires for ever five hundred acres of Land at Pequot to be Layd out bj 
the appoyntment of this Court as also five pounds to be pajd him out m 
^the treasury."! 

Rawson was also one of two persons (Mr. Joseph Hills, of Maiden, 
being the other) who were this year desired by the Court ** to compoae 
the amendments of the book of laws passed and make them as one ; 
one copy to remain in the hands of the committee for the speedy com* 
mitting them to' the press, and the other to romam in the hands of Uie 
Secretary sealed up till the next Court." J 

At the General Court which convened upon the 3d of May, 1649, 
the election of Rawson (who had appeared as sole representative from 
Newbury) to the office of Clerk of the Deputies is mentioned, in the 
following brief paragraph at the bottom of the page § whereon are in- 
scribed the names of those who composed the civil government for the 
year ensuing : — 

" Edward Rawson Cleric for y* yeere." 

Captain Thomas Wiggin and Rawson had been appointed by the 
General Court of the Colony to settle the estate of William Waldron, 
of Dover, '^ a good clerk and a subtle man, their Recorder, and also 
Recorder of the Province of Maine under Sir Ferdinando Gorge," who, 
'^ returning from Saco about the end of September, 1646, alone, pass- 
ing over a small river at Kennebunk, was there drowned, and his body 
not found until near a month aflter." || Having accomplished the 
duty thus imposed upon them, Wiggin and Rawson asked to be dis- 
<)harged from their trust, and upon the 10th of May, 1649, 

- ** In Ans' to the petition of Capt Tho Wiggin &; Edward Rawson The 
Courte Judgeth it meete their accompt be accepted and tliey dischnrdged 
and that Mr. Rawson be allowed out of the Estate of the said Waldeme 
for bis paines in & about the matter of his petition fibrty shillings and 

• Rawson Memorial, p. 128. | CoAn, p. SO. 

t Ookmy Reconla, LUk lU. M 1 St. « Colooy Records, Lib. in. fol. tO». 

1 8Mn«i% Wiatk^ iL m. 



1849.] iVbfm of Sdmard Bawmn. 205 

Ckpt Wjggin Uurty •billings & that the Estate of the said Wm. Walderoe 
consisting of lands houses & cattle are herebj Appointed to be & Remajne 
in the hands of Hate Evill Nutter & John Hall of Dover to dispose of at 
thej Judge may best tend to the Impvement of the Estate & to be readj 
to be accomptable when the Courte shall think meete to call for it for 7* 
satisfaocon of the Creditors.*' * 

At the Court of Elections in Boston, May 2, 1649, Increase Nowell 
▼as for the last tune chosen Secretary of the Colony. At the next 
annual election^ on the 22d of May, 1650, Edward Rawson was 
raised to the oflSce which Nowell had filled, without interruption, since 
the year 1686. With his appointment Bawson begins a new volume 
of the Colonial Records, on the first page of which is written, in his 
own hand, 

^ At a Generall Cou't of Eleocons held at Boston 22*^ of May 1650 : 
Edward Rawson gent was chosen Secretary." f 

The Records of the Deputies for this period, which are contained in 
what is numbered as the third volume of the Colony Records, give 
Rawson's name as Secretary, and, at the end of the list of the mem- 
bers of the lower house, record f. that 

^ Lefl. W*. Torrey was chosen Clarke for this next yeere," 

as saccessor to Rawson, who had, probably, been their Clerk ever sinoe 
his first election to the office, in 1645. 

Edward Johnson, in his ' ^' Wonder-working Providence of Sions 
Savioar in New England," published in London, in 1654, a beautiful 
copy of which lies before us at this moment, enumerates, among the 
** able instruments that were skill'd in Common-wealth work," with 
which, as he tells us, *' the Lord was pleased to furnish these his 
people," 

Mr. Edward Rawson, a young man, yet imployed in Common-wealth 
a long time, being well beloved of the inhabitants of Newbery, 
having had a large hand in her Foundation; but of late he, being of a ripe 
capacity, a good yeoman, [penman?] and eloquent inditer, hath been 
diosen Secretary for the Country." § • 

At the meeting of the Commissioners of the United Colonies at New 
Haven, in September, 1651, Rawson was chosen steward or agent 
^ fiir the receiving and disposing of such goods and commodities as 
shall be sent hither by the Corporation in England for the Propagating 
theChMpel amongst the Indians in New England." The record of the 
proceeding is as follows: — 

** For the better ordering and carrying on the affayres of the Indians in 
respect of the gifts procured for them ' by the Corporacon in England the 
Comissiooers have made choise of Mr. Edward Rawson as a Steward to 
receive and dispose of the same; and have entreated the Comissioners 
of the Massachdisets to treat with him about his Imployment and Salary 
and if bee accept thereof to deliver him the ensueing Comission if hee 
relbae the said Comissioners are desired to appoint and agree with som fiti 
person for that work for this yeare next ensueing.'* | 

• Colony Records, Lib. m. fol. 226. f Ibid.LiblY. fol. I. | IHd. Lib. m. fol 259. 
4 JohMMili HiMory of New England, (am. 4to. Loud. 1654,) p. 109. 
I HaaHid*s Scale F^tn, IL 187-S. 



106 JMm of Eimmrd Bmmn. [J«tf , 

This appcnntment was accepted by Rawaon, bat it has been staled 
ttat *^ in this office he did not give so much satis&ction as in the oith- 
tmr/* i. e. that of Secretary. *^The Praying Indians complained to 
Batcliffe and Randolph that they could not get cloaths, Ac, which 
were allowed them/* • The only authority which we have been able 
to find for this statement is the following passage in a letter f from 
Edward Randolph, New England's sorest enemy, dated at Boston, (in 
New England) Oct. 27, 1686, to the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Bays Randolph : — 

^' I have taken care to informe myself how the money sent over hither 
for the Company of Evangelizing Indians in New England (for see by 
their Pattent from his late Majesty they are stiled) is disposed of here. 
Here are seven persons, called Commissioners or Trustees, who have the 
sole manage of it ; the chief of which are Mr. Dudley, our President, a 
man of a base, servile, and antimonarchicali principle, Mr. Stoughton, of 
the old leaven, Mr. Richards, a man not to be trusted in poblique business, 
Ifr. Hinkley, Governor of New Plimouth Collony, a rigid Independant* 
and others like to these. The poor Indians (those who are called minis- 
ters) come and complaine to Mr. Ratclieffe, our minister, that they have 
nothing allowed them. We have spoken to the Commissioners to have 
some allowance for them ; all we can gett is the promise of a coarse ooat 
against winter, and would not sufi^r Aaron, an Indian teacher, to have a 
Bible with the Common Prayer in it, but took it away from him. This 
money is not less than three or four hundred pounds which is yearly re* 
tDmed over hither, (some say six hundred,) with which they enrich them- 
•dves, yet charge it all as layd out among the poore Indians. I humbly 
presume to remind your Grace of your promise to me, when in England, 
that a commission should be directed to some persons here, unconcerned, 
to audit and report their acts of this money." 

In a former letter,^ dated May 29, 1682, to the Bishop of London, 
Randolph writes, 

" In my attendance on your Lordship I often exprest that some able 
ministers might bee appoynted to performe the officies of the Church with 
us. The maine obstacle was, how they should be mainetayned. I did 
formerly, and do now, propose, that a part of that money sent over hither 
and pretended to bee expended amongst the Indians, may be ordered to 
goe towards that charge. I am told by credible persons that there is nigh 
two thousand pounds of that money put out to interest in this country. / 
know two hundred hath bin for many y teres in the hands of Mr. Rawiont 
their Secretary, who is now pressed for to pay tJie money, to his utter 



rum** 



It is more than probable, indeed it is perfectly apparent, from other 
passages in Randolph's letters, that the real cause of his disinterested 
leal for the proper application of the funds devoted to " Evangelising 
Indians," was his desire to establish the rites and ceremonies of the 
Church of England on the strong Puritanical soil of New England, 
and to bestow thereupon the surplus funds of the country, as well as 

e See Eliot's New England Biomphical Dictionary, Art lUwsoir. 

t See it m Hutchioioirs CoUflcUon of Papen, pp. MS-e. t Ibid, pp. 531-4. 



1849.] mUcB €f JBiward Bmmm. 20T^ 



to aggrandiio himself at the same time. Henoe no groat 
to be plaoed upon hia statements. 
At the session of the General Court in the month of October, 1651) 

^ Its Ordred that M* Edward Rawson Secreitaiy to the Generall Court 
shall henceforth be Recorder for the Conntj of Suffolk, and that M' Aspifr- 
wttll shall deliver him all the records belonging to the s^ County." * 

In that dark day of New England's history, the season of the perse- 
cution of the Quakers, Rawson was, unfortunately, hurried along by 
the torrent of popular fanaticism ; and his name too frequently occurs 
npon the records of that gloomy period, as the ^' Persecutor." De 
mortuiM nil ttist lene. This is the only blemish upon the fair fame 
of the Secretary, and we may hope that his conduct during this ez- 
dtement, chargeable, perhaps, in a great measure to his peculiar 
portion, may be counterbalanced by the virtuous deeds of an, appar- 
ently, otherwise irreproachable life. 

On the 6th of May, 1657, the General Court 

^ Graanted to M' Edward Rawson Sec, in reference to his service to the 
Eastward 200 Acres of land to what he hath already had to be layd out not 
bterfearing with former graunts.'t 

B:&w3on's salary as Secretary was, at first, but J&20 per annum, 
bat was subsequently increased to £60. He retsuned his office, bv 
annual election, often receiving grants of land, &c., for '' eiLtraordi- 
oary services,'' until the arrival of Edward Randolph from England in 
168i6, a circumstance which, of itself, aflfords a strong proof of th# 
good esteem in which he was held throughout the Colony. 

On the 15th of May, 1686, arrived in Boston harbor the Rose 
Brigate, bringing Edward Randolph, the bearer of a Commission^ 
to Joseph Dudley as President, and sixteen others as Councillors, of 
New England, until a Governor in Chief should be appointed by the 
King. Randolph had also with him the Kmg's Commission & to him- 
self, bearing date, Sept. 21, 1685, as ^' Secretary and sole Register" 
nt New England, including the Colonies of Massachusetts and New 
Plymouth, the Provinces of New Hampshire and Maine, the Narran- 
guiset Country, commonly called the King's Province, and the islands 

S[)ertaining to either and all of theee several Colonies and territories. 
e Commission for Dudley having been laid before the General Court, 
Aat body resolved upon an answer, which was drawn up and signed 
by Edward Rawson ; and this was probably his last official act. The 
Court ordered the Secretary to deliver the government records to a 
committee which it appointed to take charge thereof, and adjourned.^ 
From Rawson's petition to Andros, we Team that the Governor in 
Chief, who arrived in December, 1686, employed him '^ in the custody 
md remethodizing of the books, records, and papers for future use and 
delivering them over to Mr. Randolph,'' with ^' gracious promise of 
consideration for the same ;" and we may also infer, from the same 

• Colony Records, Lib. ITT. fol. 329. t Ibid. lib. HI. fol. 200. 

t Set* an abstract thereof in Mass. Hist Coll. V. 244-6. 4 See it, ibid. XXTIL 161-1. 

I Uatchinioa'a Histoiy of Maiiariininrf, (Saltm ed.,) i. SOt-S. 



MaUm qf Edward Emmm. [Jnlf , 

docomenty that he was without the means of support, as he prays thai 
he may receive ^^ a satisfaction, not only for the two last years, where- 
in he hath actually served his Majesty, according to his former salary 
of sixty pounds per annum, but also some future yearly annuity or 
pension, out of his Majesty's Revenue here, for lus sustenance.'^ 
Whether his petition met with the desired reception, does not appear* 
He was not, as might have been supposed, reinstated in his former 
office upon the restoration of the old Charter Government, in April, 
1689. His age probably precluded him from any active participation 
in the ^'glorious revolution," and Isaac Addington was appointed 
Secretary. In the year 1691 was published a litUe work entitled 

^ The Revolution in New-England Justified, and the People there Vin- 
dicated from the Aspersions cast upon them by Mr. John Palmer, in his 
Pretended Answer to the Declaration published by the Inhabitants of Bos- 
ton, and the Country adjacent, on the Day when they secured their late 
Oppressors, who acted by an Illegal and Arbitrary Commission from the 
late King James," &c. &c. 

This work is prefaced by an address of three pages ^^ To the Read- 
er," signed by " E. R." and S. S." I conjecture tiiese initials to be 
those of Edward Rawson and Samuel Sewall, the former now in the 
77th year of his age, respected for his gray hairs and past public 
services, the latter in the prime of life, and a member of the Board of 
Assistants. 

Rawson's residence in Boston is said to have been on ^^ Rawson's 
Lane," afterwards called Bromfield Street ; and here we may presume 
he passed the last days of his life, meditating upon the wondrous 
change which had been wrought, the stirring events which had followed 
each other in rapid succession, since first he sought a home in the wilds 
of New England. And here, too, we may suppose he closed his eyos 
in peace, on the 27th of August, 1693, at the age of 78 years. 

Secretary Rawson had by his wife Raehael twelve children, seven 
daughters and five sons. His eldest child, a daughter, was left in 
England, where she was born, and where she married an ^^ opulent 
gentleman," whose name is, unfortunately, not known. His sons Ed- 
ward, David, and John went to England, and there settled. Two of 
his daughters died young ; the remaining four were married, in Boston, 
respectively, to William Aubray, Rev. Samuel Torrey, of Weymouth, 
Thomas Rumsey, and Thomas Broughton. His two sons, William and 
Grindal, settled in this country, and of them, as well as of some of the 
other members of the family, wo shall speak in a future number. 

Thus have we given a meagre sketch of the life of Edward Rawson. 
We expected to have been furnished with the materials for an extend* 
ed Biographical Notice ; but as our expectations were disappointed, we 
hare been obliged to content ourselves with giving such particulars 
concerning him as could be gleaned from printed books, with the addi- 
tion of the few passages which met our eye in an exceedingly brief and 
hasty glance at the Colony Records, which, alone, if subjected to a 
proper examination, would furnish abundant materials for a Life of the 
third Secretary of the Massachusetts Coloay* 



1849.] Ti§ Nm BngUmd Ptwrn. 209 



THE NEW ENGLAND PRIMER. 

Yes. Readers, The Nkw England Primer ! It there one of joa 
to whom the Dame U not " familiar as a household word ?" Can there a 
person be foond who will not confess that that one short sentenoe 
awakens, as it were bj magic, an interminable train of recollections, of 
commingled joj and sorrow — that it carries him back to the days of his 
childhood, and places before him the little square volume, with its dingj 
bespliotered leaves and rude pictures, which was, at once, the source of 
childish amusement and anguish ? Who does not remember the tedious 
moments, perhaps hours, during which he or she was doomed to con the 
Assembly's *' Shorter Catechism," and the little comfort derived, while 
suffering chastisement for the non-performance of the task, from the ex- 
ample of Job, and the wonder caused by the patient fortitude of the per- 
secuted patriarch, who, though he 

" fcelf the Rod,— 

Tet blesMs God." 

Finally, whose brain has not been effectually confused by copious and in- 
voluntary draughts of John Cotton's "Spiritual Milk for Babes;" and 
when reminded, in a moment of despondency, that his 

« Book and Heart 

Most ntver part,** 

who has not felt the full force of the line, 

** Our days begin with trouble here t" 

But if the name of The New England Primer awakens some rec- 
ollections of a sombre hue, there is also a bright side to the picture. 
With what pride did the child, after having mastered the Alphabet, both 
''Great Letters" and small, become deeply versed in the mysteries of 
"Vowels.- ••Consonants," "Double Letters," **Italick Letters," and 
"Italidc Double Letters," and toiled through the columns of "Easy Syl- 
libles," proceed, by degrees, from " Saint" to *• Babel," from "Jacob" to 
*• Damnify," " Barbarous '* and ** beggarly" " drowsiness ;" then, by the 
stages of •• glorious" •« gratitude," to " Happiness ;" and so, " Benefited " by 
psst experience, and becoming conscious of his '* Ability " and " capacity " 
to grapple with those hitherto "formidably" "everlasting" dilficulties, 
attain ** glorifying" "beatitude," leave behind him "Abominable" "fer- 
mentation" and "beneficial" "admiration," with a '< Benediction," and 
at last find himself, as he supposed, on the very topmost round of " The 
Ladder to Learning." upon terms of the most perfect '* Familiarity" with 
"Edification " and "Gratification," having passed "Beneficially" through 
" Humiliation " and " Mortification," to final " Purification." Having learn- 
ed «• Who was the first man " and " Who was the first woman," " Who 
was the first Murderer" and "Who was the first Martyr," the child is 
rewarded for his diligence by the privilege of poring over the pictured 
coupletSi from the mysterious and (to a child) inexplicable dedaratioii 
that 

" In Adam's Fall 
We sinned eH," 

to the end of the alphabet, where he exultingly reads how 

'^ZAGonius he 
Did climb the Tree 
OocLofd to we.** 



Or perhaps he tarns from the mournful *< Conclusion" of the ''DiakigQe 
between Christ, Youth, and the Devil," to the thrilling account of ^ Mr. 
John Rogers, the first Martyr in Queen Mary's reign," and while the eye 
it dimmed with tears at the portraiture of hts horrid death, wearies him- 
self in an ineffectual attempt to count the heads of the " nme small childrea 
and one at the breast" 

Truly, never was a book published, with the exception of the Scriptnres, 
whose influence has been so extended and enduring as that of Thb New 
England Primer ; and although we are not prepared to say that, as a 
manual for the young, it is wholly unexceptionable, still it will readily be 
confessed, we think, by all, that it is infinitely preferable to nine tenths of 
those productions of later days, which have, in a measure, superseded it 
Its aphorisms and *' Choice Sentences " convey, in a few words, the sub- 
limest lessons of Christian morality, and the very brevity of its instructions 
impresses them so deeply upon the mind of the child, that it is impossible 
ever to forget them. The hymns and prayers contained in this unpre- 
tending little volume are, many of them, unrivalled for simplicity and beau- 
ty of expression ; and when associated with the earliest recollections of a 
mother's love, can never be e£faced fVom the memory. There they are, 
those holy recollections, graven upon the heart's innerm^t surfsce, and 
there they remain, fresh as ever, buried, it may be, under the mass of self- 
ish and worldly cares and troubles yirhich every year, as it passes, helps to 
heap up ; but still they are there, ready to pour a flood of tenderness through 
the soul, at the calm hour of twilight, or when the world is hushed in slum- 
ber, or when soft music dissolves the whole being into tender melancholy. 
Then it is that the simple petition of childhood, first learned from the 
Primer, while standing by the side of a fond mother, whose voice, perhaps, 
has long been hushed in death, steals upon the memory, with a gentle and 
holy, yet irresistible, influence, subduing the coarser passions of our imper- 
fect nature, and making us once more as little children. Then it is that the 
petition of the child becomes the prayer of the man, the supplication of 
infancy becomes identical with that of old age. 

We have spoken of the widely extended influence of the Primer. Migh^ 
indeed was that influence upon the people of New England. Its teachings 
gave the first bias to their dispositions ; their characters were moulded m 
accordance with its precepts ; their religious creed was drawn fVom its pages. 
Such being the case, this little book has a large claim upon the attention of 
the local historian ; it is intimately connected with the growth of our pecu- 
liar institutions and prejudices ; its history becomes, in fact, a part of the 
history of New England. 

Singularly enough, after a few years' comparative neglect, the Primer 
has once again been put in requisition as a manual of religious instruction 
for the young. Various religious associations throughout the country have 
passed resolutions in favor of its circulation ; over one hundred thousand 
copies of a modern edition of the work have been distributed by a single 
Society within the last ten years ; and Societies have actually been formed 
for the purpose of introducing it into our Sabbath and Common Schools. 

A portion of the reading community has recently been highly gratified 
with a series of articles in The Cambridge Chronicle, by " The Antiquary," 
upon the origin, history, and character of the New England Primer, as it 
existed in the days of our ancestors, with critical remarks upon the modem 
editions thereof. The writer of these articles is extensively known, as an 
ODthusiastic and profoundly learned bibliographer ; and he tells us that with 



IStf.] JBm. Jo$^ Tarrar. 211 

ft OBg^ exoeplioo — the Bible -^ there is no work whose origin and histoiy 
he is more d^irons of tracing, no work of which he possesses so manj copies 
and sodi^ yarietj of editions, as the Primer. *^ The Antiquary," with 
whom, as well as with his choice Library, it is our privilege to be somewhat 
ftcqoainted, appeals to his brother Antiquaries throughout the country, for 
their assistance in completing his collection of the early editions of the 
Primer. The earliest edition in his possession bears date at ^ Proyidenob, 
Printed and sold by John Waterman at the Papcr-Mills, 1775." Cannot 
some of our readers draw forth from the dust and obscurity of their garrets 
an early edition of this curious little book, and forward it to the ^itor or 
Publisher of the Register, for the inspection of *< The Antiquary ? '* 



REV. JOSEPH FARRAR. 



Lf oar last number we solicited informatioh respecting this truly eccen- 
tric son of Harvard, whose career is, as yet, involved in no inconsiderable 
mystery. We are certain that no apology will be required for the publica- 
ticm of the following letter from ReV. Levi Washburn Leonard, the 
esteemed pastor of the First Congregational Church and Society in Dublin, 
N. H., — so well known for his zealous efforts in thd cause of education, — 
presenting as it does a succinct view of the genealogical connection between 
the two branches of the Farrar family from which descended, respectively. 
Rev. Joseph Farrar, of Dublin, N. H., and Rev. Stephen Farrar, of New 
Ipswich, N. H. These two clergymen have often been confounded with 
nch other, though with what reason it is difficult to say. They were, as 
will be seen from the statement in Mr. Leonard's letter, first cousins, 
and the present town of Lincoln, Mass., was the native place of both. 
Rev. Stephen Farrar, (son of Dea. Samuel, and brother to the late dis- 
tingoished Judge Farrar, of New Ipswich and Hollis, N. H.,) was bom in 
thatpart of Concord which is now called Lincoln, Sept 8, 1738, graduated 
at Harvard College in 1755, was ordained as the first minister of New 
Ipswich, N. H., Oct. 22, 1760, and died, aAer a long and eminently success- 
rol ministry, June 23, 1809. A sermon preached at his funeral, by Rev. 
8. Payson, D. D., of Rindge, from Acts VIII. 2, " Devout men carried 
Stephen to his buried^ and made great lamentation over him" contains a 
weU-merited tribute to his memory. '* The capacities with which the Gkxl 
of nature had endowed him," says the reverend author of the discourse, 
*^ were of such a kind as eminently qualified him for usefulness in that work 
to which he was devoted. He had a good heart — he loved his Master^ 
he loved his work. He had, indeed, his trials and his enemies, but thej 
teemed to promote his sanctification.* 

To retam to Mr. Leonard's letter, which is as follows : 

DubUn, N. H., Mareh 2Sd, 1849. 
C J. F. BiNNET, Esq. 

Dear Sir, — Your letter of March 3d has been received. You inquire 
respecting the Rev. Mr. Farrar of New Ipswich, whether he was the same 
person as the Rev. J. Farrar of Dublin. He was not the same person. 

• Sm N. H. Hist. Coll. L 151, Y. 165, 166-7; New Hampshire Bepodtoiy, L 18S, 197 
-e-, 8hattack*s Concord, p. 314, 



It 18 commonlj said that the Rev. Mr. Farrar of Dablin, and the Bar. 
Mr. Farrar of New Ipswich, were .ooasins, the native place of both being 
Lincoln, Mass. The Christian name of the minister of New Ipswich was 
Stephen. The following genealogy of the Farrar fiunilj will show Chat 
these two clergymen ivere coasins. 

(1) L Jacob Farrar, Lancaster, killed bj the Indians Aug. 22, 1675. 

His son 

(2) IL 1 — 1. — Jacob had by Hannah his wife tiie following children : 

2—1.— Jacob, b. March 29. 1669. 
8— 2.— George, b. Aug. 16, 1670. 
4 — 3. — Joseph, b. Aug. 16, 1672. 
5 — 4. — John, b. 
(8) ni. George, [3—2.] m. Sept 7, 1692, Mary How, of Concord, and 
had sons : 
6 — 1. — Joseph, b. 
7— 2.— Daniel, b. 
8— 3— George, b. Feb. 16, 1705. 
9-«4.-«Samuel, b. Sept. 28, 1708. 

(4) rV. George, [8 — 3.] had nine children, of whom were 

10— 1.— Re7. George Farrar, b. Nov. 28, 1780, graduated al 

Harvard College in 1751. 
11 — 2. — Rev. Joseph Farrar, b. Jan.* 80, 1744, graduated at 

Harvard College in 1767. This was the minister of Dublin, 

N H., settled 1772. 

(5) lY. Samuel, [9 — 4.] m. Lydia Barrett, of Concord, and had seven 

children, of whom were 
12— 1.— Samuel. 
13 — 2. — Rev. Stephen Farrar, graduated at Harvard College in 

1755; (New Ipswich.) 
14 — 3. — Hon. Timothy Farrar, gra/iuated at Harvard College in 
1767; Judge; died at HoUis, N. H., in 1848, aged 101 years- 
Judge Timothy Farrar had a son Timothy, who, I believe, now resides 
in Boston, and may know more about his father's cousin and class-mate 
than any one else. I find no person in Dublin who has any recollection of 
Rev. Joseph Farrar*s enlisting in the army, nor of residing anywhere after 
leaving Dublin, except in Dummerston. 

It has been proposed to collect materials for a history of Dublin, and to 
have a celebration on the hundredth anniversary of the settlement of the 
town. The hundredth year will not be till 1850 or 1852, it is not deter* 
mined which. We should be giad to be informed more particularly re* 
specting Rev. Mr. Farrar, the first minister. When did he settle in Dum- 
merston? In what year dismissed? Was he settled anywhere else? 
When and where did he die ? Whom did he marry ? In what year ^as 
he married? How many children had he? How many are now living? 
Any other circumstances in his history that might be deemed of any mo- 
ment, we should be glad to be informed of. 

Most of the first settlers of Dublin came from Sherburne, Mass., and 
Rev. Abner Morse is collecting materials for their genealogy, which I sup- 
pose will be published during the current year. Tours respectfully, 

LEVI W. LEONARD. 

• The College Records, ta well as Shattiick*t Concord, say /tmeao, and this we sntpect 
to be the trae dale. 



1849.] aidcke$ qf Of JSMy Butary of IGddUbmuffh. 218 

Thanks to the exertums of Mr. Binney, the following items of informa- 
tion have been obtained from the Revolutionary Rolls in the State House 
at Concord, N. H. 

On the paj-roll of Capt. Daniel Wilkens's Company, in Col. Bedel's 
Regiment, mustered and paid by John Bellows, E^q., under date of 1776, 
Joseph Farrar receives £5, 2, 6. Each private in this company was 
to reeeive one month's wages ; bounty, 40s ; blanket money, Ids ; and 1 
penny per mile. * 

The name of Joseph Farrar appears as Sergeant to Capt Simeon 
Martin's Company, in a Regiment raised by New Hampshire for the Con- 
tinental service in Rhode Island, in 1778, and commanded by Stephen 
Peabody, Lieutenant-Colonel, which was discharged at Rhode Island, Dec. 
80, 1778. and allowed one day's pay for every twenty miles' travel home- 
ward. Joseph Farrar enlisted June 10, 1778, and was discharged Sept 
16, 1778, having served three months and seven days, and receiving for 
said service the sum of £6 * 

It will be seen, by reference to our article in the April number of the 
Register, p. 186, that, so far as dates are concerned, the Joseph Farrar 
mentioned above may very well have been the Rev. Joseph Farrar 
whose course we are endeavoring to trace ; inasmuch as the latter was dis- 
missed from his pastoral office in Dublin, June 7, 1776, and is not again 
beard of until his ordination at Dummerston, Aug. 24, 1779 ; during which 
mterval, if at all, he must have served in the Continental army. 



SKETCHES OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE TOWN OP 

middleborough, m the county of Plymouth.! 

This Town, the Namasket of tfie Indians, is, probably, of greater extent 
of territory than any other in the State of Massachusetts, being fifteen miles 
in length, and averaging about nine in breadth.^ It is situated fifteen miles 
from Plymouth, twenty from New-Bedford, eleven from Taunton, and 
thirty-four from Boston ; § and is remarkable for its large and fine ponds, 
which bear the names of Assowamsett, Long Pond, Quitticus, Quiticasset, 
Pocksha, and Pockanina. Of these the first two are the largest. Indeed, 
the first, Assowamsett, Assawamsett, Assawampsitt, or Sowampset, as it is 
variously spelt, is said to be *' the largest collection of water in Massachu- 
setts, ** its length from North to South being '* about six miles, its breadth 
in some places nearly four miles; but the width is very variant. At one 
place, callfd Long Point, in the summer, the width is not more than three 
rods'* I These ponds furnish large quantities of fish.^ 

The outlet of these ponds is the Namasket Riv^r, which furnishes an ex- 
tensive water-power, and, with its tributary streams, '* waters the Town very 
advantageously." 

Fur the space of a hundred years Bog-iron-ore was extensively used in 
this town and the vicinity, until about the year 1747, when it was discov- 

* For this last paragniph see Concord (N. H.) Rolls, Book 3, Letter N., p. 2. 

t For several of the parUcnlars contained in the followirir '' Sketches ** l^e are indebted 
to Zbchariah EnDT, Esq., of Middfeboro*, a CJorrcsponding Member of the N. £. Uist 
Gen. Society. 

I B«rher't Historksal CoUeetions of Massachusetts, (8?o. Worcester, 1844,) p. 518. 

k Ibid. I Mass. Hist. CoU. UI. 2, XX. 85. f Ibid. 



214 



AkCaikt (•/ Uu Earlf Sutarg qf MdaOonkgL [Jol/, 



«red' that " tben was inm-mine in the bottom of our great pond >t Aast^ 
wamset; and after some jeara it became the main ore that was used in the 
Town, both at furnaces and forges, and mach of it has been earned into the 
neighboring places for Ibe same purpose. Men go out with boats, and make 
use of instruments much like those with which ojsien are taken, to get up 
the ore from the bottom of the pond." * 

This Town,al[hough it has several prettj' Tillages, is, bj no means, deDMljr 
populated. In a " numeration of the people," taken, " b; authorilj,'* in the 
flummer of 1776, there were " four thousand four handrod and seventf-4un« 
Muls " in Middleborougfa ; and by an account taken the winter following, it 
appears that there were then but one thousand and sixtj'-Blz males, of six- 
teen years and upwards, in the Town, of whom five were Indians, and eight 
negroes. ' In the jear 1791 there were but "four thousand Are hnndredaad 
twenty-six souls" enumerated, shewing an increase of onlj /brty-teven for 
fifteen years.f As the town has been uniformly healthy,! ^^^ cause of this 
apparently small increase in population must be sought in the emigration of 
(be inhabitants ; a large part of Ibe Towns of New Salem and Shotesbny, 
in the County of Franklin, and of Woodstock, in the Slate of Vermoo^ 
having been settled by people from this place.S The whole population, it 
the present time, does not much exceed five thousand. 

Agriculture was formerly the principal occupation of the inhabitants, the 
Mil being favorable to the growth of com, rye, and grass. The Town alao 
enjoyed, " in the days of Auld Ijang Syne, " a great reputation for ita Cider, 
which is said to have been "ever unrivalled" both in quality and obas- 
dance^l There are now in the place a number of Cotton mills and maoa* 
factories of shovels, ntuls, straw bonnets, kc &c.% 



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— iLui. miL cbIl vm. 79, ix. S36, x iss, xn. mi-«. 

(■) 6 npwvd ot BO, I (b) 2 bMnoSaudBO, 

S brtwwTOudSO, 3 b«t>wi TO nad B(L 

ebnoHnSOudTO, S bMmn SO ud rx 

llMtnKi40*Bd«)k 

S bM«HB»l>Dd4ll, 

fBMbar,t>-S04;llaH.BH(.ColLIILl5a. I Hsu. Biit ColL XVIL IH. 

t Barbsr, p. G14. 



■ti)0ud40. 



1849.] BhMM rf ilm Eartjf matarjf of MUOAonm^ 216 

It has been already mentioned that this Town is the Naimaaket of the 
lodians. The spot became known to the Europeans at an early period. In 
the Spring of 1619 that '* nnderstandiDg and industrious Gentleman," Cap- 
tain Thomas Dermer, was despatched from Plymouth, by Sir Ferdinando 
GkngeSy in behalf of the Council of New-England, in a ship of two hundred 
tons, to carry on the fishing-business in connection with Captain Edward 
Bocrofl, who had sailed for New-Eogland in the spring of the preceding 
year, 1618. Dermer was accompanied by Tisquantum, or Squanto^ one of 
the Natives which had been seized and carried to England by the notorious 
Hunt Arriving at Monhegan, Dermer learns from^some mutineers, who had 
been left behind, that Bocrofl had sailed for Virginia, and thereupon deter- 
mines to await hi\,retum. On the 26th of May, taking Tisquantum with him, 
ha embarked in an open pinnace, of five tons, to make a voyage of discovexj 
tbng the New England coast, " searching every harbor, and compassing 
every cape-land." He found many '* ancient plantations, " which had been 
visited by the plague, some of them '^ utterly void " of inhabitants. *' When 
I arrived," says he, in his letter of Dec 27th, 1619, to Furchas, ''at my 
Savage's native country, * finding all dead, I travelled alongst a day's jour- 
ney to a place called JNummastaquyt, where, finding inhabitants, I des- 
patched a messenger a day's journey further West, to Pocanokit, which 
bordereth on the sea ; whence came to see me two Kings, attended with 
a gnard of 50 armed men, who being well satisfied with that my Savage 
and I discoursed unto them, being desirous of novelty, gave me content in 
whatsoever I demanded. Here I redeemed a Frenchman, and afterwards 
another at Masstachusit, who three years since escaped shipwreck at the 
North-East of Cape Cod.*" From a subsequent letter of Dermer, it appears 
that the Indi^ps would have killed him when he was at ^ Nanuusaket " had 
not Squanto '' entreated hard " for him. Returning from this expedition to 
Monhegan, Dermer was apprised, by a ship from Virginia, of Captain Bo- 
croft's death ; whereupon, having despatched his ship to England with a 
valuable cargo, ho leaves Squanto at Sawahquatook, f and then sails in his 
' pinnace, with five or six men, and the two Frenchmen whom he had liber- 
ated from captivity, for Virginia, where he arrived on the 7th of September.) 
In the Summer of 1621 *' it seemed good " to the little band of Pilgrims, 
which had recently sought a home on *' the stem and rock-bound coast " 
of New England, '* to send some amongst them to Massasoyt, the greatest 
eommander amongst the Savages " in their neighborhood ; '* partly to 
know where to find them, if occasion served, as also to see their strength, 
discover the country, prevent abuses in their disorderly coming unto ns, 
make satisfaction for some conceived injuries to be done on our parts, and 
to continue the league of peace and friendship between them and us. For 
these and the like ends it pleased the €k)vernor § to make choice of Steven 

* Fstnxet, now PlTmoiltlL — Su Bradford* and Wvuhui'i Jmnud, m Young^i Chronieki 
iftim Piirnmi,pp. 190-1. 

t ^PtomUj Sfttacket, now Brewster," says Judge Davis, in bis edition of Morton's 
Ifeniorial, p. 60, note. " Sawahqnatooke, now Saco," says Dr. Yonng. " Sawaqnatock, 
Sandahock, " sayi the Index to the Second Series of the Massachusetts Historical Col- 

■MtlOIIS* 

t The aathoritiesaro, Smith's General History of Virginia, New England, ftc, (fol. Lond. 
16S8,) p. 229 ; Mass. Hist. CoU. XIX. 7-10, XXVI. 62-3 ; Prince's New England Chronol- 
9gjj (Sto. Boston, 1826,) pp. 145-6, 151, 152, 153-4; Morton's New England's Memorial, 
(DaTis's ed., 8?o. Boston, 1826,) pp. 55-60; Drake's Book of the Indians, {Bvo, Boston, 
1845,) Book II. pp. ao-1 ; Yoang's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, (Sto. Boston, 1844,) pp. IM> 
-l,iiote. 

S William. Bradford, who had been chosen Ooremor soon after the death of Canrnr, in 
titt BOBth of April pnoediDg.^Bra4A>ni, «• Brima^p. 190; Jkm$*$ JferfsN^ fp. €8, 69. 



S16 ahddm €f iSke Early Butargf of MUUIdoraugL [July, 

Hopkins and Edward Winsloe to go unto him ; and having a fit oppor- 
tufiitj, by reason of a Savage called Tisquantom, that could speak English, 
eoming unto us, with all expedition provided a horseman's coat of red cottoOi 
and laced with a slight lace, for a present, that both they and their message 
might be the more acceptable amongst them." Furnished with appropriate 
presents and a message to the Indian King, the two messengers and theii 
attendants, with Tisquantum, or Squanto, for a guide, set out ** about nine 
o'clock in the morning " of July dd, intending to rest that night ** at Nor 
masdiety a Town under Massasoyt*' winch they supposed to be at no greal 
distance from Patuxet ; but '* we found it " says Winslow, in his narrative 
of the expedition, " to be some fifteen English miles. On the way m 
found some ten or twelve men, women, and children, which had pesterec 
us till we were weary of them, and now returned with us to Namaschet 
Thither we came about three o'clock, afternoon, the inhabitants entertain 
ing us with joy, in the best manner they could, giving us a kind of breac 
called by them maiziumy and the spawn of shads, which then they got u 
abundance, insomuch as they gave us spoons to eat them. With these the] 
boiled musty acorns ; but of the shads we eat heartily." * 

*' After this, Tisquantum told us," continues Winslow, '* we should hardl; 
in one day reach Packanokick, moving us to go some eight miles furthei 
where we should find more store and better victuals than tht*re. Beinj 
willing to hasten our journey we went, and came thither at sunsettinf 
where we found many of the NarnasrJieucks (they so calling the men c 
Namascket) fishing upon a wear f which they had made on a river whid 
belonged to them, where they caught abundance of bass. These we) 
comed us also, gave us of their fish, and we fl)em of our victuals, nc 
doubting but we should have enou<;h where'er we came. There we lodgec 
in the open fields, for houses they had none, though they spent the most < 
the Summer there. The head of this river is reported to be not far from tfa 

* Tho food of the Indians " is generally boiled maize, or Indian com, mixed with ki< 
ney-beans, or sometimes without. Also Uicy frequently boil in this potiaj]^' fish and flei 
of all sorts, either new taken or dried, as shads, eels, alewives, or a kmd of herring;, or Sf 
other sort of fish. But they dry, mostly, those sorts before-mentioned. ThcKc they rat ; 
pieces, liones and all, and boil them in the aforesaid potta^^ Also they lioil in this fa 
menty all sorts of flesh they take in hunting, as venison, beaver, l)ears fli'sh, nioohe, oMfi 
rackuons, or any kind that they take in huntinn;, cutting; this flesh in small pieces, n 
boilinji^ it as aforesaid. Also they mix with the said pottage several sorts of roots, i 
Jerusalem artichokes, and ground-nuts, and other roots, and pompions, and tiquashet, n 
also seTcral sorts of nuts or masts, as oak-acorns, chesinuts, walnuts ; the^e, hnsked n 
dried, and powdered, they thicken their poita^re therewith. Also someiimcs ihey be 
thoir maize into meal, and sift it through a basket, made for that purpose. With this me 
they make bread, luiking it in the ashes, covering: the dough with leaves. Sometimes thi 
make of their meal a small sort of cakes, and boil them. Thev moke also a certain ao 
of meal of parched maize; this meal they call nokakt. It is so 8wt>et toothsome, fti 
hearty, that an Indian will travel many days with no other foo<l but this meal, which I 
Cftteth as he needs, aud after it drinkcth water. And for this end, when they travel a joi 
ney, or ^o a huntinfr, they carry this nokake, in a basket or ba};, for their use."* — Gooht 
Jfinonral ColUrtiom of tht J^iatu m Aino Ea^gUmd. {printed from the ohgimil MS.) 
ifiiss. Hist, ColL 1. 150-1. yr ^ 

** The Indians have an Art of drying their chesnnta, and so to preserve them in Ibi 
bames for a daintie all the ycare. Akomes, also, they drie. and, in ca»!C of want of Con 
by much boiling they make a good dish of them ; yea, sometimes in plcntie of Come d 
they eate dies Acornes for a novelty."— i^ofrr Williami'i Kry into the Limguogt o/Jm 
iea, in R. /. Hitt. CoU I. 90. 

t ** At Titicut, on Taunton Rivor, in the Northwest part of Middleborongh, is a not 
place, which was formerly called the Old Indian Wear. Thou;;h other wears have be 
erected on Taanton Hiver, yet thii is, probably, the place intended."— iiiisff. hi$t. O 
VIII, 233, fMtc 



18411] ak$k!k6B qf dU Hariy m$tmf pf MTtMAom^. 217 

pbtte of Mir abode. Upon it are and have been many towat, it being a 
food lengtk. The ground is very good on both sides, it being for the most 
part cleared. Thousands of men have lived there, which died in a great 
plague not long sinoe ; and pity it was and is to see so many goodly fields, 
sad so well seated, without men to dress and manure the same. Upon this 
river dwelletk Massasoyt It cometh into the sea at the Narrohiggansel 
Bay, where the Frenchmen so much use.** 

BeUiming on the 6th of July from thetr mission to Massasoit, Winslow 
«y8, ^ that night we reached to the wear where we lay before ; but the 
Namasoheucks were returned, so that we had no hope of any thin;; there. 
One of the Savages had shot a shad in the water, and a small squirrel, as 
big as a rat, called a meuxis ; the one half of either lie gave us, and aAer 
went to the wear to fish. From hence we wrote to Plymouth, and sent 
Tokaraabamon before to Namasket, willing him from thence to send another, 
that he might meet vs with food at Namasket.'** On the 7th of July, 
^ being wet and weary, we came to Namaschet. There we refresht^d oup- 
selves, giving gifts to all such as had showed us any kindness. Fain they 
would have had us to lodge there all night, and wondered we would set 
ferth again in such weather. But, Grod be praised, we came safe home that 
light, though wet, weary, and surbated.*' f 

About a month after this expedition, the inhabitants of New Plymouth 
were startled by the intelligence that their friend and ally, Massasoit, had 
been driven from his country by the Narragansetts,} and that a p<?tty Sa- 
diem, named Corbitant, one of Massasoifs tributaries, who was known to 
be ho!4tile to the English, was at Namasket, taking advantage of his Sover- 
fopCs absence to act the demagogue, denouncing the lea^j^e which had btfon 
lolemniy made with the infant Colony, and deriding the feebleness of the 
settlement, and making use of every means in his power to create a faction 
idiich should contribute to his own elevation, at the same time that it in» 
volved Massasoit and his new allies in destruction. • 

* The mesiengera were so anfortanate ts to visit liCatsasoit at a time when his larder 

«M exhuaiced. Not doabting, as Winslow tells us, that tbe^ sbould have enouf^h wherever 

tmf CAiBC, the^ had not hasibanded their own little stock of provisions, but had freely ilit- 

psnseii thcreoi to the Natives on the way. Arrived at their joumey^s end, on Wednesday , 

dM 4Ch of Jaly, faint and weary with travel, no one bat — a hungrjf mim — can form any con- 

SBpCifin of tbeir dismay when they found that they had mistaken the capability of the ini^hty 

fbMiftiiin*!! stores, and must chew, for want of someiliin;; liettcr, the cad of sweet an<l bitter 

noolleetions. ^ Late it ffrew" thus pathetically does Winslow paint their situation, ** late 

karew, but victuals he offered none ; for, indeed, he hod not any, bcinf; he came ao newly 

hsme. So we desired to 20 to rest. He laid ns on the be<l with himself and his wife, they 

•die one end and we at ue other, it beinj^ only planks laid a foot from tlie cround, arfif a 

Aia mat apon them. Two more of his chief men, for want of room pressed by and u|M)a 

v; so that we were worse weary of our lodj^in;; than of our journey." The next day, 

thamlay, ** about one o*clock, Mossosoy t brou;;hi two dahen tliot ho had shot ; they were 

he breHm, bat three times so \ng, and better meat These beinj^^ boiled, there were ai 

hmtfoftf looked for share in them; Ihtmntt eat o/lhtm. Tku meal otdy we had m/iM 

%yi an I a dojf ; and had not one of us bought a partridge, we had taken oiir.i«»umey 

fcitina- Very importunate he was to have os stay with them lon;;er. But we de^4irM1 to 

keep the Sabbath at home ; and mnch fearing that, if wo should stay any longer, we should 

isCDe able to recover home for want of strengjth, on the Friday morning, before nnnri^injKv 

«e look oar leave and departed. I^ioasasoyt being both grieved and ashamed that he roula 

is better entertain us, and retaining Tisquantum to send from place to place to procure 

track f«ir as and appointing another, called Tokamahamon, in his place.** — 8re Bratl/oaP$ 

md Wuulouf'i *' kdatioH or JoumaU of the begin'^in^ and prortefiing$ of the EagUth Piatt" 

mm at Plhnoth in New Ra^aadr (<m. 4to. UmL 1022.) j/p. 45-6. 

t Ihiil., pp. 40-S; also, Davis's BCorton, pp. 69-70. and Prince, pp. IDl-S. 

t** Governor Bradford says nothing of thi:*, nor of MiWMoit^ being either seiaed or 
hvaded by the Narnmnsctts.**— Ponoe, p. 19S, nocc 



218 SketdM qf the Earbf BSiiaty qf Middlebaraus^. [/dj 

Upon the arrival of thb news at New PlTmouth, Hobbamock and Tia 
quantum, probably at the suggestion of the Colonists, went forth oa ai 
expedition, to see if they could learn aught concerning theiv King, who hai 
thus been expelled from his dominions, and to watch the motions oS Cor 
bitant and hils faction. Proceeding to Namasket, as privately as poasiUe 
they there thought to lodge in security for the night ; but were disooverec 
by Corbitant, who beset the house, in which they were, with his foliowen 
and seized Tisquantum, threatening him and his companion with death, £» 
their adherence to the English ; and, holding his knife to Tisquantom'i 
breast, seemed about to execute his threat ; for he had been accustomed to 
say, that, '' if he were dead, the English had lost their tongue." He neit 
attempted to stab Hobbamock ; but this savage, being a man of greil 
strength, shakes himself free from the grasp of his antagonist, dashes throngk 
the guards which had been placed around the wigwam, and succeeds a 
effecting his escape. He immediately repairs to New Plymouth, where he 
communicates to Grovernor Bradfoid the particulars of his capture iod 
escape, and his fears that their trusty interpreter, Tisquantum, has, by tint 
time, fallen a victim to the hatred and fury of Corbitant. 

Upon the receipt of this intelligence, the Governor summoned a coondi 
to deliberate on what course it was best to pursue. It was determined ti 
send a band of chosen men on the morrow, under the command of Miui 
Standish, to avenge the supposed death of Tisquantum, and to quell the 
insurrection which seemed upon the point of breaking out against their 
friend JVIassasoit. 

On the 14th of August, Captain Standish, with ten or fourteen* meiii 
well armed, sallied forth, under the guidance of Hobbamock, and took ap 
their line of march for '' the Kint^dom of Namaschet." The day was rtanj 
and their journey wearisome. Having proceeded to within three or foot 
miles of the little town of Namaschet, they turned aside from their coaiM 
and waited until night, in accordance with the orders which Standish had 
received, when they might hope to approach the town under cover d 
the darkness, without being discovered. A consultation being now hxH 
Standish communicated his instructions to his followers, and assigned la 
each man his position and duty. He had been directed to surprise the 
enemy by nigbt ; if he should ascertain that Tisquantum had actually beea 
killed, as was feared, then to cut off Corbitant*s head, but on no aoconil 
to hurt any except those who had been concerned in the murder of the 
Interpreter ; and to retain Nepeof,t a Sachem who liad joined Corbitant^ 
faction, as a hostage, until news should be received from Massasoit. B 
having been resolved to make their contemplated attack at midnight, the 
party now resumed their march. But before they liad gone far, it wai 
discovered that the guide had lost his way. This was a sore discouraga* 
ment to men already drenched with rain, and wearied by the wei^t ol 
their arms. But the mistake was happily rectified by one of the company, 
who had visited Namaschet on a previous occasion, and they started anenr 
** Before we came to the town," says the writer of the narrative of tUl 
expedition, '' we sat down and ate such as our knapsacks afforded. Thai 
being done, we threw them aside, and all such things as might hinder v§^ 
and so went on and beset the house,| according to our last resolntto 

* Bradfofd and Winslow, in their Joamal, lay, " we set out ten men, armed.** M 
Bradford lays. ^ Captain Standish, with fourteen men, and Hobamak, set oat." 
t ** This is the only time the name of this Chief oocnn in the annals of the Coloc^ ' 



- Tmm^M CknmcUt of tJk PUgnmi^p, 990, moit. 
I TlMboiMa hi whidi ^ " 



CocUtMit had lodged doiiog hia atoy at Namasket. 



1819.] SheUhM of the Early SUtary of MiddUborough. 219 

llioee thml entered demanded if Coabatant * were not there ; bat fear had 
bereft the Savages of speech. We charged them not to stir ; for if Con- 
bfttant were not there, we would not meddle with them. If he were, we 
eame principally for him, to be avenged on him for the supposed death of 
Haqaantum, and other matters ; but, howsoever, we would not at all hurt 
their women or children. Notwithstanding, some of them pressed out at 
a private door and escaped, but with some wounds. At length, perceiving 
oar principal ends, they told us Coubatant was returned [home] with all 
his train, and that Tisquantum was jet living, and in the town; offering 
some tobacco, [and] other [provision,] such as they had to eat. In this 
hurly-burly we discharged two pieces at random, which much terrified all 
the inhabitants, except Tisquantum and Tokamahamon,t who, though they 
knew not Oar end in coming, yet assured them of our honesty, that we 
would not hurt them. Those boys that were in the house, seeing our care 
of women, often cried Neen squaes ! that is to say, I am a woman ; the 
women also hanging upon Hobbamock, calling him Towam, that is, friend. 
But, to be short, we kept them we had, and made them make a fire, that 
we might pee to search the house. In the mean time Hobbamock gat 
(m the top of the house, and called Tisquantum and Tokamahamon, which 
cune onto as, accompanied with others, some armed, and others naked. 
Those that had bows and arrows we took them away, promising them again 
when it was day. The house we took, for our better safeguard, but re- 
leased those we had taken, manifesting whom we came for, and wherefore.'' 
** On the next morning, " continues our narrative, << we marched into the 
midst of the town, and went to the house of Tisquantum to breakfast* 
Thither came all whose hearts were upright towards us; but all Couba- 
tant's faction were fied away. There, in the midst of them, we manifested 
again oar intendment, assuring them that, although Coubatant had now 
eso^ped us, yet there was no place should secure him and his from us, if he 
oootinaed his threatening us, and provoking others against us, who had 
kindly entertained him, and never intended evil towards him till he now so 
justly deserved it. Moreover, if Massasoyt did not return in safety from 
Narrohigganset, or if hereafler he should make any insurrection against 
iiim, or offer violence to Tisquantum, Hobbamock, or any of Massasoyt's 
lobjecta, we would revenge it upon him, to the overthrow of him and his. 
As for those [who] were wounded, we were sorry for it, though themselves 
procored it in not staying in the house, at our command : yet, if they would 
retam home with as, our Surgeon X should heal them. At this offer, one 
man and a woman § that were wounded went home with us ; Tisquantum 
and many other known friends accompanying us, and offering all help that 
might be, by carriage of anything we had, to ease us. So that, by Grod's 

* " Governor Bradford plainlj writes him Corbitant.'' — Prtnet, p, 194, note, 

t He went to Corbitant immediately open the receipt of the intelligence of that Sa^ 
diem's machinations. He had been denounced bj Corbitant for his adherence to the 
Englifh; and why he should thus put himself in his power is a mystery. 

I Mb. 8am obl Fuller. He died in 1633, of an mfectious fever which was prevalent 
ia Fljmoath, ** after he had much helped others, and was a comfort to them. He was their 
siii]geon and physician, and did much good in his place ; being not only useful in his fac- 
alty, hoi otherwise, as he was a godly man, and served Christ in the office of a deacon hi 
the Cbnrdi for many years ; and forward to do good in his place, and was much missed 
after Cllod remoTed mm oat of this world." — Dtnii^i Morton^ v, 173. 

4 Bradford, in his History, says that ** tkm are sorely wounded in trying to break away " 
ftom Corbitaat's honse, when it was beset by the English. And in recording the safe 
reUnrii of Standish and his companions, he tells us that they ** bring with them the tkm 
womdiid Sayages; whom,*' says he, **we eiue and send home." 



220 Memoir qf [Jdy, 

good providence, we safely returned home the momyw night after we eel 
forth." ♦ 

Thus terminated the first warlike expedition of the Pilgrims in New 
England, the events of which have heen narrated with the greater partis 
ularitj, as possessing peculiar interest for the inhabitants of the anctenl 
Namasket, which became, on this occasion, the scene of the second enconn- 
ter between the Indians and the English within the limits of Pljrooiith 
Colony. 

[To be continved.] 



MEMOIR OF REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN, D.D. 

[Gontinaed from page 123.] 

The tempest of opposition to the ^ New Church " had but lulled for a 
moment, to break out with renewed violence on the first favorable opportu- 
nity. Increase Mather, in his sermon on occasion of the Fast, had takcoi 
care to insert a qualification of his text, sufficiently ample to warrant any 
attack which he might subsequently feel inclined to direct against the ** in- 
novators.'* He and his son Cotton, *' with many prayers and studies, and 
with humble resignation of" their *' names unto the Lord," had prepared ** a 
faithful antidote " for the Churches '* against the infection of the example ** 
which they feared *' this company had given them, ** and had actually ^ put 
it into the press ; but, when the first sheet was near composed at the press, " 
had *' stopped it, with a desire to make one attempt more for the bringing 
of this people to reason." That object having been attained, and a formal 
reconciliation effected, they, probably, considered it a pity to withhold from 
the world an '* antidote, " which had cost so *' many prayers and studies, " 
and whose efiects could not but be so highly beneficial to the endangered 
churches. Accordingly, in the month of March, 1700, was opened the bat^ 
tery which was to annihilate, at once, the ^ apostates and backsliders, " those 
^ underminers of the Gospel, " and the *^ wandering Levite, " the ^ raw and 
unstudied youth, who had not feared to mock his fathers." This battery, 
although its aim was apparent to all, was masked under the semblance of a 
general treatise, bearing the title of *' The Order of the Grospel Professed 
and Practised by the Churches of Christ in New England Justified,** &c. 
&c, by Increase Mather. Prefixed to the work is an Epistle Dedicatory, 
wherein are stated the principles of the Manifesto, which are afterwards 
controverted in answers to seventeen questions. 

Not long after the publication of this work, and in the same year, appeared 
'' Grospel Order Revived, being an Answer to a Book lately set forth by 
the Rev. Mr. Increase Mather, President of Harvard College, &c, by sun- 
dry Ministers of the Gospel in New England " ; being an able disquisition 
upon the questions proposed in the former work. Gospel Order Revived 
it distinguished for its calm and candid spirit, and for the enlarged views 

• ** After this,*' writes Governor Bradford, "we have manj gratnlationr from divert 
Stchems, and mach firmer peace. Yea, those of the Isle of Capawak [Martha*8 Vineyard] 
tend to secare oar friendship, and Corbitant himself ases the mediation of Masassoit to be 
reconciled." On the ISth of September, 1621, nine Sachenw, of whom Corbiunt was one, 
tahtcribed an instrument, by whkdi they acknowledge themtelTet ** to be the loyal snbjectt 
oIKing James,'* &o. &c. 

The anthorities are, Bradford and Wfaialoir^ pp. 61, 6S-«$ Davit's Blorton, pp. 67, 71 \ 
FHnet,pp.lM-5; Yoimg, pp. 819-8S. 



1849.] Bev. Benjamin Oohnan^ D. D. 221 

which it displays of religioas liberty. '^Tis possible," say the aothors 
thereof, ** that some good people may blame us for carrying on the oonten- 
tioD, wherein, as one saith, though there be but little truth gained, yet a 
great deal of charity may be lost. We hope the best as to both these. ** 
'^We must do justice, also, to those who have first openly asserted and 
practised those truths among us. They deserve well of the Churches of 
Christ; and though at present decried as apostates and backsliders, the 
generations to come will bless them." * 

This work was printed at New York ; and prefixed to it is the following 
advertisement. 

"The Reader is desired to take Notice, that the Press in Boston is so much tinder the 
tw of the Reverend Anthor whom we answer, and his Friends, that we could not obtain of 
the Printer there to Print the following Sheets, which is the only true Reason whj we have 
•em the Copy so far for its Impression, and where it is Printed with some Difficnlty." 

The Printer in Boston above referred to, was Bartholomew Green, 
a highly respected member of the Old South Church. There being no 
Newspaper printed in Boston at this time, Green published a vindication 
of himself in a handbill, dated Dec 21, 1700, to which were appended some 
"Remarks," attributed to Cotton Mather, and ''dated in Boston, December 
24th, 1700." In these "Remarks" Gospel Order Revived is termed a 
''libellous pamphlet, which no man is as yet so hardy as to own himself to 
be the author of," replete with "profane scoffs and scurrilities, not only on 
particular persons, who never deserved such treatments, but also on the 
holy Churches of the Lord, and on the most sacred actions performed in 
them, which is the spirit of their whole pamphlet ;" and the advertisement 
prefixed to the work is denounced as containing " impudent falsehoods." 

This publication was answered by another, from the office of John Allen, 
containing two depositions, the first, by Thomas Brattle and Zechariah 
Tnthill, relating to an interview between them and Green, the printer, " on 
Saturday, the Idth of July last," "to treat with him about printing an An- 
swer to old IMr. Mather's book, called The Order of the Gospel;" at which 
time, they say, " he made not any objection against printing said Answer, only 
laid he could not go about it till he had printed off the Laws, which would 
not be till the Tuesday following." The second deposition, by John Mico 
and Zechariah Tuthill, gives an account of a conversation with Green " on 
or about the 16th of July," when they called at his printing-office *'to see 
if he were ready to print the Answer to old Mr. Mather's Gospel Order ; 
hot he was then unwilling to print it, because, as he said, it would displease 
•ome of his friends, and, to the best of their remembrance, he mentioned 
particularly the Mathers. They told him it was strange he would print 
any thing for the said Mathers, and particularly the said Gospel Order, 
and nothing in answer to it or them ; by which means the world might 
think those principles to be approved by all« which were abhorred by sun- 
dry worthy Ministers in the land ; the unfairness of which practice they 
labored to convince him of. Yet he still declined to print it ; but at length 
laid, if they would admit the Lieutenant Grovemor to be askt, to give 
his Approbation to it, he would Print it ; which they were unwilling to for 
this reason : Because they conceived it a new Method, not practised here- 
tofore, and which the said Green would not have required of them now, 

*FiT>m a passage in Josiah Cotton^s Diary it appears that Gospel Order Revived was 
leenerally considered to he the joint work oJT the Kcr. Messrs. Colman, Bradstrect, (of 
CharicitowD,) and Woodbridge, (of West Springfield?) 



222 Memoir of [Jdj, 

bat to pat off the Printing of this Book which answered the MaAerff 
whom he seemed loth to displease," &c. &c. Following these depoaitiooi 
are some saffidentlj caustic remarks, from the pen of Thomas Brattle, oo 
the *' Advertisement " of << Mr. Green the Printer," and " that Idbelkm 
Scribble at the tail of said Greenes Advertisement, to tokich the Reverend 
Author was not yet so Hardy as to set his Name ; " the whole bearing datt 
Dec 27, 1700. 

In a paper dated January 10, 1700-1, Green replies to this last poblie»* 
tion, reviews the whole controversy, and states that his reluctance to print 
" Grospel Order Revived " was caused by his recollection of the ** great dis- 
turbance the Manifesto had made," which he bad printed *' very privatdj 
at Tuthill's desire," and which, says he, ^made me the more thoughtfiii» 
lest this might give more offence;" adding, in an address ** To tke 
Candid Reader," that *' considering the Lieut Grovemours Eminent 
Qualification to judge of Books, the station God has given him in the New 
EngUsh Church, and the good Offices he has done for Mr^ Benjamin CU- 
man and his Church in particular, Every one that is not a Stranger in 
Boston may wonder at it, that a Book Dedicated to the Churches of Christ 
in N England, a motion to have it first view'd by his Honour, should be 
rejected with so much Disdain ;" and *' for my own part,'* continues Green, 
" The obstinate Refusal of so fair an Arbiter made me fear some foul Play: 
which is the principal Aw that I remember myself to have been under." 

The indignation of the Mathers was excited beyond all bounds by ^^ Gkia- 
pel Order Revived, ** and early in the following year, 1701, they gave vent 
to their wrath in *'A Collection of some of the many Offensive Matters 
contained in a Pamphlet entitled The Order of the Gospel Revived^ 
which was graced with the motto '^ Recitasse est Refutasse ; In English, 
To recite them is enough to Refute them." This publication, consisting of 
twenty-four 16mo. pages, is replete with the most virulent invective, with 
the most flagrant abuse, which ever disgraced the pages of theological con- 
troversy. It is divided into three parts, namely, an address " To the Read- 
er, " of three pages, dated "Boston, December 31, 1700," and signed by 
Increase Mather ; a series of remarks '^ on some of the Scandalous violations 
of the Third, Fifth, and the Ninth Commandments, " contained in " Gospel 
Order Revived," dated Jan. 6, 1700-1, to which is appended *'A Short 
Scheme of the Plot against the Churches of New England, as *t is Con- 
fessed by some of the Plotters^ in that which the Publisher pleases to call 
their Great, and Noble, and Excellent work, Entituled Gospel Order JRe- 
vived, " both attributed to Cotton Mather. President Mather, after a tirade 
against Gospel Order Revived, " of which some say, that if it had befn 
called The Order of the Gospel Reviled, that had been a very true and 
proper T\tle for such a Discourse," gives utterance to a severe rebuke, 
evidently intended for Colman, whom he styles "a little thing," whose 
** impotent AUatrations " are beneath his notice, accusing him of •* vilifying 
his Superiors, unto whom he ows a special Reverence, " and asserting that 
"at Mocking he has outdone Ishmaeli For Iskmael Mock'd his Brother 
only ; but this Youth has not feared to Mock his FafhersP He then makes 
due mention of '* One that is of the same Spirit with him, [Colman,] via. 
T. B. [i. e. Thomas Brattle,] who " has ventured to own himself to be the 
Publisher of that which is an heap of Rude, Unmannerly, and unmanly 
Reflections : who likewise in Print Scornfully styles His President a ReV' 
erend Scribler, and complains of his Cantings, with other Scurrilous Ex- 
pressions, which shew what Conscience he makes of the fiflh Commandment 
— A Moral Heathen would not have done as he has done." 



1U9.] Bev. Benjamin (Mman, D. D. 228 

We gladly turn from this tinhappy eontroyeray to the consideration of 
■ore pleasing subjects. The Cbarch, thus established in the very face of 
a most riolent and unchristian opposition, increased rapidly in numbers and 
iailoence. The ordinance of the Lord's Sapper was first administered on 
tbe 4th of February, 1699-1700, on which occasion fifteen persons * added 
themselves to the number of communicants. In Mr. Colman were com- 
bined all the qualifications of an attractive and profitable preacher. In 
die sacred desk his air is said to have been << composed and grave, his action 
JBStand delicate, and his voice, inimitably soft and tuneful, managed with 
flie greatest propriety and exquisite sweetness of modulation. His diction 
was animated and lofty, but easy and plain, like his models, the inspired 
QassicB ; and the arrangement of his style and the turn of his periods 
exactly adapted to the elevations and cadences of his own musical pronun- 
cktion ; ** and his taste in composition was so far in advance of that of his 
eoDtemporaries, that he has been considered as the introducer of a new style 
HI tbe preaching of the Massachusetts clergy. With such gifts, when taken 
HI connecUon with his liberal views, it is no wonder that Colman should 
render himself peculiarly acceptable in the pastoral ofiice, or that, after the 
irst storm of opposition had subsided, his Church should steadily progress 
in numbers and influence. Within two years after the settlement of their 
Ptator, the Society proposed to furnish bim with permanent assistance in 
the ministry; and in the month of June, 1701, engaged the services of Mr. 
Eliphalet Adams, a graduate at Harvard College in the Class of 1694, who 

Ksached for them two years and a half, and then witbdrew.f The eminent 
. John Barnard, of Marblehead, is said to have been employed, for some 
time, as an assistant to Mr. Colman. In the year 1715 the Society deter- 
Bined to obtain permanent assistance for their Pastor, and on the 16th of 
August invited Mr. William Cooper to a settlement as colleague. The 
invitation was accepted by Mr. Cooper on the condition that he should be 
excused ^from engaging presently in a constant course of preaching, it 
a very early day with him." After preaching once a fortnight for 

rly a year, he was finally ordained May 28, 1716. 

From this time Benjamin Colman's life forms a chapter in the history of 
New England. His infiuenoe was felt in every quarter ; his advice was 
lODgfat upon all occasions ; and to him did the heads of Church and State 
yield that deference which his eminent talents challenged at the hands of 
ill men. In September, 1717, he was chosen Fellow of the Corporation of 
Harvard College, in place of Rev. £benezer Pemberton, who had died in 
the month of February preceding ; and his election was approved and al- 
losred by the Overseers on the 14th of November following. Upon the death 
af President Leverett, in 1724, and the reftisal of Rev. Joseph Sewall to 
aeeept the vacant chair, Colman was chosen by the Corporation, on the 18th 
of November, to succeed his former Tutor and constant friend as head of the 
Institution whose interests it had been the study and delight of both to pro- 
mote ; a sufiicient evidence, if we had no other, of the confidence reposed 
in his abilities by the friends of the College. His election was approved by 
the Overseers on the 24th of the same month, and a conmiittee of that body 
was appointed to inform Mr. Colman of their approbation of his election, and 

*Tboina8 Bannister and Elkanah Pembroke, of the "Undertakers," with Nathaniel 
Olrrer, John George, William Paine, John Chip, John Kilbj, sen., Marv Tuthill, Rebecca 
TidBBn. Mary Mico, Mehitabell Cooper, Ljdia George, Sarah Bannister, Jane Pembroke, 
and Elizabeth Royall. 

t ICr. Adams was labseqaentlj settled in the mlnistiy at New London, Conn., where 
bt died in 1753. 



SB4 MemoSr ^ [Jdj 

to desire his aooeptance, and ta apply to bis Church^ for his discharge froi 

Se pastoral office ; and also to " wait on the Honorable Gen^ Coart to Jofon 
em of the Choice that is made of a President and to move for a propc 
Salary for his Incouragement." But, unfortunately, Cblman was peculiarl 
obnoxious to a majority of the House of Bepreseotatives, where sectaria 
prejudices and political animosities now raged hand in hand ; and coiift 
quently, when the memorial of the committee of the Overseers was lai 
before them, praying that they would ^' appoint a larger salary tlian hi 
been usually allowed, for the honorable maintenance of the President, 
it was voted that, ^ forasmuch as at present it is uncertain whether th 
Church, of which the Rev. Mr Colman is Pastor, can be persuaded to pai 
from him, or whether Mr. Colman is inclinable to leave his Church an 
undertake the office of President of Harvard College,, and tliis being a mai 
ter of great weight and importance, especially to the establishment of tb 
Churches in the Ph)vince, as well as to the said College, the further consk 
eration of this memorial be therefore referred until the said Mr. Colman 
mind, as well as [that] of the Church of which he is Pastor, be commnn 
cated to this Court, and made certain, whether he and they are willing 1 
should accept of the choice and undertake the office of a President of Ha 
vard College, to which he is chosen as aforesaid." This vote, although n< 
concurred in by the Council, indicated with sufficient clearness the dispos 
tton of the popular branch of the General Court towards Mr. Colman, ac 
convinced him that it was useless to expect from tliem a permanent proviaii 
for his support, should he accept the Presidency ; and the melancholy expi 
rience of his predecessors in that office was a warning to him of what 1: 
himself might expect, should he trust his fortunes to the tender mercies < 
the Provincial Grovernment. He was also well acquainted with the fedinj 
of the General Court towards him, as is evident from a letter on this subje 
to While Kennett, Bishop of Peterborough, in which he says, ** I am nt 
well in the opinion of our House of Representatives of late years, on who: 
the President depends for his subsistence, and they could not have pinchc 
me without the Chair's suffering with me, which I could by no means co; 
sent it should do for my sake." Determined, therefore, to bring the questic 
of his support to a speedy decision, and leaving privately seen a tropy of tl 
vote passed on the 3d instant by the House of Representatives, and bei 
informed of its nonconcurrence by the Council, Mr. Colman addi"essed 
letter, on the 10th of December, to Hon. Samuel Sewall, chairman of tl 
committee of the Overseers, in which, after stating that, although he hi 
always served the Coll(?ge to the extent of his abilities, he not only hi 
never sought the office of President, but had rather shunned it, and cxpre^ 
ing his disinclination to leave his Church, he declares that, " as I wish tl 
President in all times to come may especially give himself unto sikcred stu< 
ies and exercises, so I would humbly su|)plicate the General Court for at 
one who shall do so, to grant him a very sutiicient and honorable suppor 
but for the honoralile Court to insist on their vote of knowing my inin 
whether I am willing to accept of the choice, and to undertake the office « 
President, to which I am chosen, and also of knowing my Church's min 
whether they can part from me, before they will fix any salary for me i 
the said office, must determine me to give my answer in the nc^g.itive to tl 
Honorable and Reverend the Overseers of Harvard College, which in thi 
case I now do." This letter being read at a meeting of the Overset»rs, c 
the 17th of December, the committee was directed to " wait again on tl 
honorable G^eral Court, with Mr. Colman*8 answer and with this vot 



1M9.] Bev. Benjamin Cchnan, D. I>. 2S& 

jvijiDg that the matter of a salary may be considered by them, aod no acted 
ipon as may be most for the speedy settlemeat of a President in the said 
CoUege» and therein for the good of the whole Province." The proceedings 
tf the BepresentatiyeSt upon the reception of this application, were as follows, 
as stated in the Becords of the Overseers.* 

"The Oveneen met according to adjoarnment aforesaid Dec. 18, 1724, In the Conndl- 
ChuDberin Boiton. 

The aforesaid Committee of the Overseers made report that they had waited on the 
QsMnl Conrt with Mr. Colman's answer and the Votes of the last meeting, which were 
Nsd and debated in the Honse, the retnm thereto being as follows, viz. 

In the House of Representatives Dec 18, 1734. 
Hie question was pnt. 

Whether the Court wonld establish a salary or allowance for the President of Harvard 
College for the time being before the person chosen to that ofBce had accepted the duty 
asd tmst thereof. 
It passed hi the Nkoatite, ncmine amltraiicnd^, 

W . DuDLBT, Speaker. 
Sent np for concurrence. 

In Council, Dec 18th, 17S4. 
Bead and Nonconcurrbd. 

J. WiLUkBD, Secretaiy.** 

Notwithstanding the nonconcarrence of the Council, the symptoms of hos- 
tility were too strong to be mistaken, and Colman's independence of spirit 
would not allow him to be dependent for support upon the uncertain favors 
of party administration. Accordingly, upon the 26th of this month, in an- 
iver to another application from the Overseers, he transmitted his final 
iQswer to the committee of that board, in the negative, declaring that he 
*does not see hb way clear to accept of the choice made of him to be the 
President of the College." 

In December, 1728, Colman resigned his station as a Fellow of the 
Corporation, although earnestly requested by his colleagues to continue his 
eoonection with that board, as an active, faithful, and able member of which, 
far eleven years, he had rendered the most essential services to the College. 

On the 1st of November, 1731, Mr. Colman received, through the hands 
of Governor Belcher, a Diploma of Doctor in Divinity from the University 
if Glasgow, an honor the more highly to be prized on account of its rarity 
ia those days, when such degrees were but seldom conferred. 

On the 12th of December, 1743, the faithful colleague and dear friend, 
vhO) for twenty-seven years, had shared his labors and contributed, in no 
mall degree, to his comfort and happiness, was suddenly snatched from bis 
tide, by an attack of apoplexy, and Dr. Colman found himself once more the 
iole Pastor of his fiock. Already sinking beneath the infirmities of three- 
leore years and ten, his chief anxiety seems to have been lest his fiock 
ihoald be lefl without a shepherd, the great desire of his heart, to see his 
people united in the choice of another Pastor — ^'another Cooper, one like 
the deceased — not a novice, but one able and apt to teach, a man of under- 
standing, prudence, and wisdom." His wish was gratified, in a. year from 
this time, by the almost unanimous invitation of Mr. Samuel Cooper, a 
young man of the greatest promise, and a graduate at Harvard in 1743, to 
iioeept the office left vacant by the death of his father. The invitation being 
scoepted, coupled, however, with a request similar to that of his father, on the 
like occasion, Mr. Cooper entered upon his duties, and was finally ordained 
ts colleague Pastor, May 21, 1746. 

• Book L pp. 72-74. 



226 Memoir of [Jtdj 

His fondest hopes realized, in the acquisition of so worthy a successor U 
his late colleague, Dr. Colman was ready to say, with the Patriarch of old 
'^ Now let thy servant depart in peace." Sensible, as it woold seem, of i^ 
proaching dissolution, he abated not his usual attention to his duties, anc 
after receiving and entertaining his wife's children on the evening of the 28tl 
of August, 1747, and telling them <* That they were come to see him die/ 
he expired, calmly and peacefully, about ten o'clock the next forenooD, ii 
the 74th year of his age, and the 43th of his ministry, '' in a good old age 
fbll of days, riches, and honor," amid the lamentations of his people and o 
the Province. 

It was the singular fortune of Dr. Colman to have been, at different peri 
ods, the youngest and the oldest minister in Boston. After the decease ol 
Cotton Mather he stood at the head of the clergy of the Province, in respeo 
of age, character, and influence. As the Pastor of an affectionate flock ^ 1m 
approved himself a wise, diligent, zealous, faithful, tender, and condescend 
ing minister of Jesus Christ, in studying, watching, visiting, counselling 
earnest praying and preaching, exhorting, charging, and comforting them at 
a father his children. And this he did through a long and shining course.' 
For the younger members of his flock his feelings seem to have been trulj 
those of a parent ; and his affectionate regard and anxious solicitude fo; 
their welfare and happiness ceased not with their childhood, but follower 
them in youth and middle age. Indeed, this parental concern for those wIm 
were just setting out on life's journey was not limited to his own immediaft 
congregation, but extended to all who came within the circle of his acquunt 
ance. The following letter, the original of which is in the possession of tb 
writer, will testify to the warmth of feeling of which we have spoken. 

Boston, Nov. 19, 171SL 
Dear Mr. Sewal. 

Give me leave, now yon are goin^ off, to give you my best wishes and prayers, comisd 
and charges, in writing, as the best demonstration of that great love, respect, and fricndiAi 
I profess to bear you. You are cntring into a world, and croing to a place, that is ftill i 
temptations and snares : be sensible of your danger, be jealous of yourself, be sober, an 
watch unto prayer. Watch both against a sensual spirit and a worldly one ; let it be yoi 
chief care to preserve a religions one. Kcmember your education, your birth, yoar aed 
cation to God, your nurture under the admonitions of God's Word, the prayers and chaigi 
of your pious parents, and all the awful convictions from the blessed Spirit of Grace, an 
all the pious resolutions you have had under the same. Remember awefully the vow an 
bond or your baptism, and the solemn recognition and renewal thereof wliich yoa hai 
voluntanly made. Remember that you have solemnly given yourself up to God, to ob€ 
and serve him, and promised to make his Word the rule of your life. Therefore study tl 
Holy Scriptures daily, pray in secret without ceasing, accustom yourself unto rclipov 
reflections and meditations, and ejaculatory prayer, frequently, on one occasion and o 
another} and do not fail of frequent serious self-examination in secret Keep God's Sal 
baths, and be retired thereon, and in particular preparations for it the evening before ; fh 
quent the Public Worship, and reverence God's Sanctuary, as you would preserve yoarse 
nom a profane spirit in all instances. Avoid evil company, and seek tliat which is goo 
and virtuous; be cheerful with sobriety, and study to be obliging in your conversation 
meek, humble, charitable, and devout. Guard against your passions, the irascible an 
concapiscible ; keep the door of your mouth, and give not your heart to wine or women 
My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not : Watch and pray that you enter not intt 
temptation. Always preserve honorable and reverential thoughts of the Divine Ppoti 
dence ; how great a thing it is to commend one's self to its favor and gracious care, espec 
ially in setting out in the world. You can't have too high thoughts of this, nor too great i 
solicitude about it Let your Soul be your care, and familiarize the thoughts of death an< 
eternity. Lay not up your treasure, set not your heart, seek not your portion, upoi 
Earth. Live in the abiding sense of our common frailty and dying state, the vanity c 
this life, the necessity of an interest in Christ, and the salvation through him, with Etcmi 
Gloiy. 

Be joflt and upright in your dealings, bo tme and faithful to your employers : keep 



^S40.] Bev. Benjamin Colman^ D. D. 227 

od co nic ience, Toid of offeooe before God and toward man: prepare for croases and loet- 
: if the world be your idol these will be insupportable to 70a, and lead 70a into much 



Aclmowledge God daily in praise and thanksgiying to Him, for all the mercies and ft- 
Nt of hia PkoTidence to yon. Humble jonrsel? before God under any remarkable frowna 
of it on your •ASiin and interests. If you should be sickly, or arrested by any distemper, let 
vot joai spirits sinl^ but encoura^ yourself in God ; whose proTidence, power, ana good- 
ness is the sune in every part of the earth. If your health grow and increase, (as I pray 
Ood it may, if He see it oest for yon) be not secure, and forgetful of sickness and death. 

Beware of disposing yourself to love and marriage. Be sure that inclination, virtne, 
md wisdom do guide you, and not money. Have a care of an everlasting temptation, 
nare, and cross. A good portion of ingenuity, meekness, good temper, and pace is of 
more worth than all the millions of the Indies. Heaven guide you ; seek its gmdance. 

I commend you to the grace and care of God : the prayers of many will follow you, and, 
I hope, preTail with God to bless you and prosper your way. And when you return the 
jnjtn of your fifiends, forget not to pray for mt in particular, who am 

my dear friend ana brother. 

Your affectionate and unworthy Minister, 
B. Ck>LMAir. 
[Saperseribed] 
Jfor 

Mr. Samuel Sewal, 
Merchant 
in Boston." 

In high intellectual cultivation, Dr. Colman had but few equals. To na- 
ture aa well as to art he was indebted for a most graceful and winning man- 
ner and pleasing address, which constituted one of his most distinguishing 
aooomplishments. His colleague, in an unpublished funeral discourse, testi- 
iies '^ how perfectly he understood the decorum of the pulpit ; and the gravity 
^nd sweetness at once expressed in his countenance, the music of his voice, 
the propriety of his accent, and the decency of his gesture, showed him one 
of the most graceful speakers of the age.*' Although he modestly pleads, 
When chosen President, his ** long disuse of Academical studies and exer- 
GiseSy* he was, in truth, a diligent student through life, and possessed a good 
library, for that day, a portion of which he bequeathed '' for the use of the 
^astOTB of the Church in Brattle Street, forever, to be kept in the Senior 
^iastor's study, on a separate shelf." * His Latin letters are highly ornate, 
^nd he read Horace not long before his death. He composed with great 
^mpidity and elegance ; and bis preeminent talents in this respect were in 
Qoiuitant requisition to draught letters and addresses from the Churches to 
the General Court, the King, and his Ministers, as also to distinguished 
personages, at home and abroad. His occasional discourses were frequently 
•olicited for the press, and scarcely an individual of any merit or eminence 
departed life without receiving a tribute from his pen ; and that, too, al- 
thoDgh the subjects of his praises had, in many instances, been among his 
wott violent and acrimonious persecutors. One of the best discourses he 
ever pablished is said to have been that upon the death of Cotton Mather I 
This kindness of heart and exemplary charity caused his services to be 
much sought by Churches, as well as by individuals, in the character of a 
peacemaker ; and the numerous letters and papers called forth by such oc- 
easrans fbmish a striking proof of the confidence which was reposed in his 
wisdom and moderation. 

As would be expected from one of such world-embracing charity, Colman 
was deeply interested in the diffusion of Christianity among the remnants 
of the various Indian tribes which still lingered upon the outskirts of New 
England, and for the extension of the privileges of a Gospel ministry to 

• See his Will, Suffolk Probate Records, Lib. 40, foL 76. 



228 Memoir nf [Jnlj, 

places which had been destitute thereof, either from the poYerty of the peo- 
ple, and their consequent inability to support a Pastor, or from other caoses, 
as at Block Island. Nantucket, Providence* South Carolina, the Bermudas, 
Cape May, &c. &c. His time, talents, and influence, his pea and pane, 
were alike unhesitatingly and unsparingly devoted to the furtherance of tins 
work ; and in huryounger days he not unfrequently went in person to preach 
among them. >lle rendered important services as a Commissioner, for many 
years, of tlufSociety for the Propagation of the Gospel among the Indians 
in New Ei^land and the Parts Adjacent; and on the 14th of September, 
1730, he was appointed a Commissioner and Corresponding Member of the 
Edinburgh Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, an office whidi 
he sustained with his wonted ability until about the year 1740, when the 
increasing infirmities of years induced him to resign it. It was at the nom- 
ination and request of this latter Society, that the Degree of Doctorin Di- 
vinity was conferred upon him and the Rev. Joseph Sewall, Senior Pastor 
of the Old South Church, by the University of Glasgow. He rendered 
essential service to the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parti, 
(an Episcopal Association,) by pointing out, from time to time, a proper field 
for its labors, and giving information of the false misrepresentations whidi 
had been made, in some instances, to its managers, by interested persons, In 
consequence whereof its funds had been shamefully misapplied. It was it 
Dr. Colman's suggestion tliat the Church of which he was Pastor, with oth- 
ers in the (then) town of Boston, agreed to make a contribution, twice in 
each year, to form an " Evangelical Treasury," the funds thereof to be ap- 
propriated to the extension of the knowledge and influence of religion. The 
" Proposal ** for this contribution, ** humbly oflcred to the consideration of 
the Ministers and Churches of Christ, through this and the neighboring 
\ Provinces," was found among his papers after his death, labelled My own* 
Colman's oflicial connection with Harvard College has already been in- 
cidentally noticed. As a member of the Board of Overseers for nearly hilf 
a century, and an active Fellow of the Corporation for the period of twelfB 
years, the services rendered by him to his Alma Mater have never been 
equalled in extent and value by any one man before or since. To his influ- 
ence the College is said to have been indebted, in a great measure, for the 
brilliant Presidency of Leverett. But for him the genial bounty of the 
Hollises and Holdens might never have gLiddened New England's yoang 
University. He sacrificed his own popularity to defend the Institutioo 
against the storm of stubborn and unyielding fanaticism which threatened 
its existence, and withdrew not his hand until, with the cooperation and 
assistance of Leverett, Pcmberton, Wadsworth, and the Brattles, he had 
placed the interests of the rising School of the Prophets upon a sure foun- 
dation. In his position as a member of the two Boards, he was continaallj 
called upon to exercise his peculiar talents, in draughting the various letteff 
and addresses of these bodies ; an office which seems to have been imposed 
upon him on every occasion; so that, during his life, scarcely a letter or 
address seems to have been put forth on any occiision, either by Gencnd 
Court, College, or Clergy, in Massachusetts, which was not drawn up, in 
part, at least, by his hand. But Colinim*s great and acknowledged service* 
to the College have been set forth at large in the recent History of the 
University, by one of its Presidents, so that it does not become us, even 
were it necessary, to say more on the subject. 

The liberal spirit of Dr. Colman, and his zeal in the cause of education} 
would not permit him to confine his good oifices to the Institution at which 



1849.] Bev. Benjamin CMman^ 2>. 2>. 229 

he had reoeired his edacation, and where, as he declares In a letter to the 
Bishop of Peterborough, he '* had breathed in the catholic spirit " for which 
he was so remarkable. He exerted his great influence with success in the 
behalf of Yale College, at that time the only other Collegiate Institution in 
New England, and ** greatly served " it, as we are informed, <* by procuring 
fiir it many valuable books, whereby its Library has been enriched ; " and 
his letters to its Rector and some of its Trustees, upon the receipt of Dean 
Berkley's Gift, sufficiently indicate his interest in its welfare and prosperity. 

" In the estimate of impartial history," says a late writer, *' Dr. Colman is 
endtled to the highest rank among his contemporaries for his philanthropic 
spirit and public servioe!?." His sphere of usefulness was not limited to the 
nilpit and the College, but embraced even the Council Chamber of the 
novinoe. He mingled without reserve in public affairs, and his opinions 
were always received with deference. His influence in the counsels of his 
coaotry may in a great measure be attributed to his peculiar elegance and 
impressiveness of deportment ; for he was, as his biographer informs us, '' a 
good master of address, and carried all the politeness of a Court about him ; 
and as he treated mankind of various degrees and ranks with a civility, 
eoartesy, afiability, complaisance, and candor scarce to be equalled, so all 
hot the base and mean showed him a high degree of respect dnd reverence, 
love and affection ; particularly men of figure and parts, of our own nation, 
. and foreigners, whom he failed not to visit upon their coming among us, 
greatly valued and admired him." Colman did not escape censure ^ for 
iatermeddling with civil and secular matters." But, as his biographer, 
reasonably enough, asks, *' must a person who knows well the interest of 
his eountry, and is capable of serving it, and saving it too, when sinking, be 
alent only because he is a Minister ? Is he nothing else ? Is he not a 
algeGt of his Prince, and a member of the Commonwealth ? " Colman 
thoaght so ; and he was the very last person to allow his opinions to be 
iafliienoed by carping busybodies; and we accordingly find that he was 
laigely employed by the ^ Great and Greneral Court " to prepare their ad- 
dresses on occasions of importance, and also to preach before them at various 
times and seasons. He carried on, through life, a free correspondence with 
the Chief Magistrates of the Province, the leading members of the Council, 
and the Agents of the Colony in England, on public afiairs ; and as an in- 
stance of the freedom of intercourse between the heads of the Grovernment 
and himself, it may be mentioned, that there is preserved, in the Library of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, a letter from London, in which Gov- 
ernor' Belcher informs him of the circumstances of his appointment to the 
Gnbematorial chair. 

Beside his numerous letters on public affairs, Dr. Colman carried on a 
most OKtensive correspondence with eminent individuals at home and abroad. 
^'He wrote many hundred epistles in a year, to all ranks of persons, on all 
oeeasions and businesses, and with greatest ease imaginable, to the vast 
|ileasure and profit of his friends, the benefit of his country and the Churches 
la it, and the good of mankind." Among his correspondents may bo men- 
tioned the names of the HoUises and Samuel Holden, Drs. Hoadly, Watts, 
CUamy, Kennett, Harris, Avery, Burnet, and Wilson, Sir Richard Black- 
Qore, Rev. Daniel Neal, the Historian of the Puritans, besides very many 
others, of the most distinguished civilians and divines in Great Britain, 
IS well as most of the Governors and most eminent men in the different 
OoloDief. 

The town of Boston— the place of his nativity, for the mterests of whieb 



280 Memoir qf [Jidy, 

he ever expressed the strongest r^ard — was indebted to the sagacknis 
foresight and strong practical good sense of Dr. Colman for many improve- 
ments which he hazarded his popularity to effect. In 1719 he published mi 
essay in favor of the establishment of a Market in Boston. He was very 
active in introducing the practice of Inoculation for the Small Pox, and pob- 
lished a pamphlet on the subject, in 1721, dedicated to President Leveretl, 
which was reprinted in £ngland, and received the warm commendation of 
the Secretary of the Royal Society. He also published a letter in vindica* 
tion of his friend Dr. Boylston, who had been ably sustaind in his philan- 
thropic efforts by himself and Cotton Mather, against the combined oppositioii 
of clergy and people. Among his beneficiary projects was that for the estab- 
lishment of two ** Charity Schools/' the one for boys, the other for girls, to 
be located on Fort Hill. The scheme for their foundation and regulatioii b 
dated *' Feb. 1713," and is said to be essentially the same with that of the 
present well known ^' Farm School." The schools in Boston were an espe^y 
ial object of his attention. He frequently visited them, '* and enoonraged 
the youth in piety and learning, both by word and writing," inciting them 
to diligence by " moving speeches/' and " often giving them hymns iji his 
own composing to translate into Latin." To the Prison and Alms House 
he was a frequent visiter, ministering both to the spiritual and peconiarj 
wants of their inmates. The poor ever found in him a ¥rise counsellor, a 
faithful friend, and a liberal benefactor. His kindness of heart and exem- 
plary charity for the opinions of others, without any attempt to conceal his 
own, made him, as we have before mentioned, emphatically the *' peacema- 
ker " of the Province. ^ He ever expressed " — such is the langnage of 
one whose privilege it was to stand in an intimate connection with him -— 
'* an utter dislike of that narrow spirit of bigotry, which he saw prevailing 
in too many of the greatest and best men of all sects and persuasions in past 
ages and the present ; he was for extending his charity and holding commu- 
nion with all that held the foundation. He loved and honored good men of 
every denomination, how much soever they differed from him in some pe- 
culiar sentiments, circumstantials, and modalities." He was wont to declare 
^ that the Bible was his Platform," and he recognized no other. 

To a large circle of relatives and friends Dr. Colman was endeared by 
his eminently social qualities. In him were combined the dutiful son, tlie 
tender and affectionate husband, the wise yet indulgent father, the kind, 
sincere, and useful friend. His extensive learning, brilliant conversation, 
willingness to communicate information, and his thoughtful consideration for 
the feelings and prejudices of those with whom he was brought in oontact, 
contributed to render him the delight of all who were so fortunate as to 
enjoy his acquaintance. *' His conversation was admirably polished and 
courtly, and all his behaviour was that of the most elegant gentleman and 
benevolent Christain." Such is the testimony of his contemporaries. 

<< If any should enquire " says his son-in-law, Turell, '* concerning the 
person of Dr. Colman, in what kind of body this bright and holy soul was 
lodged, — his form was spare and slender, but of a stature tall and erect 
above the common height ; his complexion fair and delicate ; his aspect and 
mien benign and graceful ; and his whole appearance amiable and venerable. 
There was a peculiar flame and dignity in his eye, which he could soften 
and manage with all the beauty and force of oratory, but still natural and 
without the least affectation. Wisdom and grace made his face to shine ; and 
his neat and clean manner of dress, and genteel, complaisant behavior, po- 
liteness and elegance in conversation, set off his person to the best advantage." 



1849.] Bev. Benjamin Colmany D. D. 281 

Perhaps the best summarj of Dr. Colman's character is to be foond in 
Br. Barnard's " Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New England," where he 
10 described as '* a most gentlemanly man, of polite aspect and conversation, 
Teiy extensive erudition, great devotion of spirit and behavior, a charming 
and admired preacher, extensively serviceable to the College and country, 
whose works breathe his exalted, oratorical, devout, and benign spirit ; an 
excellent man in spirit, in faith, in holiness, and charity." 

It is certainly very surprising that the decease of such a man as Dr. Col- 
man, who stood at the head of the clergy in respect of talents and influence^ 
who went down to the grave while the brightness of his intellect was yet 
imdimmed, ere a breath had sullied his fair fame, or the least shadow 
fallen upon his moral excellence, should have been suffered to pass ahnost 
umotioed by his eminent brethren in the Ministry ; not one of whom was 
fimnd, to honor his memory in public, not one to pay a trifling tribute of 
respect to the exalted virtues of him whose pleasure it had always been to 
hold up for imitation the shining examples of departed worth I True it is 
that President Holyoke, in his Oration at the Commencement succeeding 
his death, eloquently commemorated his talents and learning, his public 
aervices and private virtues ; but this was an official address, in the Latin 
language, and delivered upon an occasion which allowed of no extended 
eukgium or just delineation of character. An apology has been found for 
this, otherwise, unaccountable neglect, in the peculiar state of religious par- 
ties at the time, which rendered it difficult to speak of the professional career 
of one so liberal in his theological views as was Dr. Colman, without re- 
kindling the then smouldering flames of sectarian controversy and religious 
excitement, which had but recently agitated the Province. 

The neglect of others induced Dr. Colman*s son-in-law. Rev. Ebenezer 
Tniell, of Medford, to become the writer of his Life ; and to this circum- 
stance are we indebted for what has been pronounced " the best biography 
extant of any native of Massachusetts, written during its Provincial state, 
and a monument honorable to him who raised it. as well as to the individual 
to whose memory it was erected." Prefixed to this work is a Preface, signed 
by three clergymen, (Mather Byles, Ellis Gray, and Samuel Cooper,) 
commending the memoir to the attention of tho' public, and paying a just 
though brief tribute to the talents and virtues of Colman, the opening para- 
graph of which is as follows :— 

^ Aa the Rev. Dr. Colman stood among the first ornaments and benefac- 
ton to his country, it seems but a becoming gratitude to him, and honor to 
onnelves, to raise a monument to his memory. His polite and generous 
pen was always ready to do the same for others, and seized every opportu- 
nity to charm the living by the virtues and examples of the dead ; though 
fi(W characters and actions would bear to be transmitted down to posterity 
with equal advantage to his own." 

Benjamin Colman was thrice married ; first, by Rev. Increase Mather, to 
Jane, daughter of Thomas and Jane Clark, June 8, 1700. She was bom in 
Boston, March 16, 1679-80. 2d., by Rev. William Cooper, to Mrs. Sarah 
Qark, May 6, 1731. This lady was the daughter of Richard and Sarah i 
Crisp; was bom in Boston, Sept 15, 1672 ; and married, April 11, 1695, } 
William Harris, Esq., a rich and influential merchant in Boston, and Treas- 
urer of Brattle Street Church. He died Sept 22, 1721, and his widow was 
aarried, April 5, 1722, to the Hon. and Rev. John Leverett, President of 
Harvard College, whose wife had died June 7, 1720. President Leverett 
djmg suddenly. May 8| 1724| his (undoabtedly disconsolate) rdict was 



289 Newt Too Late. [J1I/9 

anited to her third husband, Hon. John Clark, Esq., by Rev. Mr. Cdhnaiii 
Jalj 15, 1725. He dying in 1728, she still possessed sufficient attraetioiiB« 
either of person or purse, to secure her fourth husband, in the person of I>r. 
Oolman ; but at length died, April 24, 1744, aged 71 years, 7 months, aiKi 
9 days. Dr. Colman was married, Aug. 12, 1745, by Rev. Joseph Sews Eli 
D. D., to his third wife, Madam Mary Frost, of New Castle, N. H., widc^'^ 
of Hon. John Frost, and sister of Sir William Pepperell, who survived hie*=^ 
Dr. Colman had issue by his first wife, only; viz. Benjamin, bom Sep^^ 
1, and died Sept. 18, 1704 ; Jane, born Feb. 25, 1707-8 ; and Abigsl '% 
bom Jan. 14, 1714-15. The eldest daughter, Jane, was married, by h 
fkther, to Rev. Ebenezer Turell, Aug. 11, 1726, and died March 26, 1"^ 
leaving a son, Samuel, the only survivor of four children, who died Oct 
1736 * The misconduct of his second daughter, Abigail, was the 
affliction of the Doctor's life. He thus speaks of her: — ** She gave berae 
to reading from her childhood, and soon to writing. She wanted not 
taste for what was excellent in books, more especially of a poetical tarn 0: 
relish, which soon appeared to be her favorite turn. This run her too 
and too far into the reading Novels, &c., for which Qod in his righteoo ^^ ^ 
Providence afterwards punished her, by suffering her to leave her falher^^^ 
house, to the grief of her friends and the surprise of the town." She wa^^^ 
married (probably secretly, as no record thereof is to be found t) to Mr. — ^ 
Albert Dennie, a merchant in Boston, in September, 1737, and died Ma; 
17, 1745, leaving a son John, the only survivor of three children, whom 
Turell speaks of as '* the only lamp the Doctor left burning in his house at 
his decease." In this child seem to have centered Colman's hopes and af- 
fections ; he devoted himself to his instruction during his own life, and by 
his last will provided liberally for his education and support. But he died 
childless, and the Doctor's family became extinct. % 




NEVER TOO LATE. 



We hear from WcymouOi, says the Boston Evening Post for Mon- 
day, Dec 24, 1753, that on Thursday last was married there, at the hoar 
of 12, Mr. Epkraim Thcur of Braintree, being 85 years old, to Mrs. 
Mary Kias^man of that place, aged 78, it being about fifleen months since 
he buried his former wife (with whom he had lived 60 years in the mar- 
ried state) at which Time he was the Father, Grandfather, and Qreat- 
grandfather of 66 Male and 66 Female Children, since when there has 
been an increase of upwards of 20 more. After the ceremony was over, 
he returned with his wife to his House in Brainlree, attended with a great 
Concourse of People, and 'tis judged, that from the Vigor and Activity 
which he then display*d, that were he to have married a young woman, he 
would have still been the Father of a numerous offspring. 

• TareU's Life of Colman, p. iM)9, is the aathoritj for the date of the deadi of Mn. To* 
nil, and the porticalare respectini; her family. 

t We find neither the record of her birth or marriage, and are, therefore, iadebted to 
Tareirs Life, &c^ for both, as well as for the particulars concerning her famllv. 

% Circamstanccs have occurred, which hare induced us to brin^^ this article to a dose 



fai a nnch more summary manner than was anticipated wlien the first pan of it was dii»> 
pared. This will account for the apparent incompleteness of this lattar poitioii, mm 
compared with that in the preceding number. 



1819.] The Pease Family. 238 



THE PEASE FAMILY. 
[Bj Feb»b&iok S. Pbau of AlbADj, N. 7., Member of the N. E. Hist Geneal. Soc] 

[ConOikiMd from page 17 R.] 
FIFTH GENERATION, CONTINUED. 

107-— 6. — Charles, b. about 1764. At the age of thirteen be enlisted into 
the army ^s drummer. He m in Somers; died in 1639 Had 
one son Charles, who is m and is supposed to have children, and 
lives in Somers; also two daughters. 
7. — ^Hannah, b. about 1751, d. 1768. 
8.— Biah, b. about 1753, d. 176e. 
9. — Sarah, b. about 1765, d. of small pox, 1778. 
10. — Hannah, b. 1760, d. of cancer in the breast She m. a Pelton, 
1 1. — Mirriam, b. alH)ut 1772. 
<27) V. Emery, [33-3] was bom 1727, resided in Somers, and died 

there in 1796. Had children: 
108— t._Emery (63) 

2. — David ; 3, Augustus ; 4, Sylvanus ; 5, Gaius ; 6, Betsey ; 7, Pol- 
ly; 8, Matilda; 9, Peggy; 10, Independence. 

(28) V. Noah, [35—4.] was born in Somers, 1740, and died July 20, 

1818. His first wife was Mary Ward, who was born 1738, 
and died Nov. 3, 1807. His second wife was Dorcas A mold, 
widow of Samuel Arnold of Somers, and daughter of Deacon 
John Hubbard of Ellington, Ct., by whom he had no children. 
She died Nov. 1824. Children by his first wife: 
111— 1.— Giles, b. April 13, 1763, d. Sept. 26, 1823 — (64) 

2. — Hannah, wlio m. Cnlvin Piikin, and died many years before the 
de^ith of her brother. She had several children. 

(29) y. Ephraim, [37—2] was born 1719, m. Tabitha Abbe, 1740, and 

d. 1801. At the commencement of his career he was a mer- 
chant, and subsequently a contractor during the French war. 
He acquired a large estate, and was one of the niost wealthy 
of the colonists at the commencement of the Revolution. Had 
children : 
112 — 1.— Ephraim, who was a merchant, and died in his prime. 

113 — 2. — Peter, died while a student at Yale College. 

114 — 3. — Obadiah, died Foon after his graduation at Vale. 

Sybil, m. Rev. Elam Potter, the third minister of Enfield She 
was the mother of Elam O Potter, Esq., who died in 1827. 

Agnes,' m. Rev. Nehemiah Prudden. She was the mother of 
Ephraim P. Prudden, who graduated at Yale in 1811, and 
died 1836. 

Nancy, m. Augustus Diggins, and died young. 

Tabiiha, died young. 

(30) y. Aaron, [38—3] married Anna Geer, 1751, seUled and died In 

Enfield. Had children : 
115«.l —Aaron, (65) 
116—2.— Stone, (66) 

Ephraim, 

Elam, 

(Si) y. Nathanibl, [39 — 4] was bom 1725, married Eunice AUeOt 

15 



pM The Pease FamUy. l^Jf 

1754, died in Norfolk, Ct, March 28. 1818, aged 93. Bia 
wife died March 21, 1807. He was among the first settlers 
of the town. Had children : 

117— 1.— ybineas. b. in Enfield, Jan. 9, 1755. (67) 

118— 2.— -Calvin, b. « Sept. U, 1757. (68) 

119_3.— Lovisa, b. <' Dec 1760, m. Giles Pettibone of NoTfeik, 

d. 1835. 

120— 4— Allen, b. in Enfield, Windsor, or Goshen, Ct, Oct 12, 1762. (69) 

121— 5.— Nathaniel, b. in Goshen, Oct. 22, 1764. (70) 

122— 6.— Obadiah, b. « Nov. 21, 1766. (71) 

123— 7 —Dudley, b. in Norfolk, Feb. 1768, died in infancy. 

124— 8.— Eunice, b. June 29, 1770, m. Edmund Akin of Norfolk, d. Oct. 
3, 1806. 

125— 9.— Electa, b. July 20, 1772, m. Abijah Petdbone of Simsbury, Ct., 
d Aug. 80, 1843. 

126— 10.— Betsey, b July 21, 1774, m. Azias Pettibone of Granby, Ct, 
d. Feb., 1819. 

127— 11.— Flavius, b. Oct, 1776, d. young. 

128— 12.— Earl P., b. July 30, 1778. (72) 

129— 13.— Martha, b. May 5, 1781, d. March 5, 1784. 

(82) V. Ebenezer, [44—1.] m. Mary Terry, 1739, died 1784. Had 
children : 

180— 1.— Ebenezer. (73) 

18 1_2.— James. (74) 

182— 3.— Peter. (75) 
4. — Azubah. 
5. — Mary. 

(33) y. James, [45—2.] was bom 1724. Had ^ve daughters : 

Hannah, who m. Shubael Geer, had two sons and four daughters; 
Abigail, who m. George Pynchon of Springfield, Ms., had three 
sons and two daughters ; Mind well, who m. Amos Bull 1744, 
had five sons and four daughters; Catharine, who m. Benjamin 
Hall 1746, had three sons and five daughters; Martha, who m. 
Caleb Bush, had six sons and five daughters. 

(84) V. Isaac, [50—1.] had a son : 

183— 1.— Rufus. (76) 

(35) V. Abner, [51 — 2.] was twice married. His first wife was Eliza- 
beth Farrington, by whom he had five sons and two daughters. 
His second wife was Lovicy Allen, by whom he had no children 
that lived. 

He was a member of the religious society commonly called 
Shakers. He, with his second wife, Lovicy, united with that 
society in 1780, the first year of its opening in America. His 
family and others who had embraced the Shaker faith, re- 
mained at their usual places of residence until 1787, when they 
began to sell their possessions, and come together. He died at 
his residence in Stephentown, N. Y., in 1784, of small pox, 
aged 45, and his wife Lovicy died at the establishment in New 
Lebanon, N. Y., (near Stephentown,) in 1788, aged 87. 

Abner came to his death by the following singular circum- 
stance : One of his sons, who was living at home, was ex- 
tremely opposed to the Shakers ; so much so that he brought 
the small pox into the family, by which the whole family were 
taken ill, which resulted fatidly in the death of the father. 



1819.] The PeoH Fandfy. 2g6 

Previoasly to his joining the ShakerSi daring the Revolu- 
lionaiy War, in 1777, he held the office of deputy sheriff in 
what was then the countjof Albany. At that time, he, with 
two others, Sheldon and White, having been to Albany, were 
on their way home, and while stopping at a tavern kept by 
Nicholas Mickle, about four miles east of Albany, several 
tones came in and began to abuse them, making considerable 
disturbance. White, being a justice, ordered Pease to appre- 
hend them. They surrendered, requesting that they might go 
up stairs after their knapsacks, and presently came down armed 
with muskets and cutlasses. They fired at them and wounded 
Pease in the thigh ; at the same moment he received a horrible 
gash on his head from a cutlass, the scar of which he carried 
until his death. Unable to resist, the villains robbed them of 
their money and horses, and took them pinioned into the woods. 
They had not gone far, when he became faint from loss of 
blood, and fell. They were on the point of killing him, when 
one of the gang, a young man named John Sloss, had compas- 
sion on him and tore a strip from his own shirt and bound up 
his head and left him senseless. He remained there several 
hours, until he was discovered by a Dutch farmer who was after 
his cows, who took him to his house and kept him until he was 
able to ride, and then lent him his horse to return to hb home. 
These tones, with the exception of Sloss, who was liberated 
on condition of his becoming a witness against his comrades, 
were afterwards hung in Albany. One of them was named 
Robert Sloss. The judges before whom they were tried, were 
Richard Morris, Robert Tates, and John Sloss Hobart 

He was captain of a volunteer military company that was 
formed in the county at the time of the destruction of the tea 
in Boston harbor, under apprehensions that the affair woold 
arouse the British to some severer measures. 
The children by his first wife were : 
184-.l._Abner. (77) 
185-2 —James. (78) 
136 — 3. — Daniel, who died in infancy. 
187-4.— John. (79) 
188— 5.—Samuel. (80) 

6. — Sally, m. Richard Hayes, and had two daughters. 
7. — Sybil, who was three times married. 1st to Elisha Kibbe, in 
Somers. 2d to John Henry, of Norwich, N. T. 3d to Jo- 
seph Powers, of Worcester, N. T. She never had any chil- 
dren, and was living- in Cooperstown, N. Y., in 1847| at the 
age of 80. 
[36) Y. NoADiAH, [53 — 4.] was born in Enfield, Ct, about 1736 ; mar- 
ried for his first wife, Tirzah Smith of Glastenbury, Ct., about 
1763, and settled in Enfield, where he lived till about 1782, 
when he removed to Sandisfield, Ms. He was a tanner and 
shoemaker. At Deerfield, Ms., he enlisted into the command 
under Gen. Putnam, called Putnam's rangers. He was in the 
expedition against Ticonderoga, under Gen. Abercrombie^ in 
the French war in 1758. He was at Deerfield at the time the 
Indians were committing their depredations there. He died 



886 The Peoie FarnUy. [Jdy, 

March 26, 1822, aged 86. His first wife died in 1789. The 
children bj her were : 

189 — 1. — Rozanna, m. Ebenezer Ames of Brimfield, Mass., and died soon 
afterwards. 

140—2.— Noadiah, m. the widow Abigail Bredc of Northampton, and died 
there. He lefl two daughters : one m. Benj. Eastman, and re- 
moved to Philadelphia ; the other died unmarried. 

141.^8. — Elihu, died young. 

142 — 4. — Tabitha, died young. 

148 — 5. — Philena, m. Obadiah Chapin of Enfield, and died soon afVerwards. 

144 — 6.-^Tirzah, died young. 

145 — 7. — Walter, m. Naomi Clark in Northampton, and died there. 

146— 8.— Asaph, resides in Winsted, Ct (81) 

147 — 9. — Achsah, Persis, and Erastus, all died young. 

14a_10.--Alvah. (82) 

Noadiah married a second wife, by whom he had 
Simeon, who m. Betsey Arnold of Canaan, Ct They lived in 
Sandisfield until they had a numerous family. He now lives 
in Canandaigua, N. Y. 

(87) y. MosES, [56—3.] settled and died in Enfield. His children were: 
149— l._Mo8esw (83) 

150— 2.— Lemuel. (84) 
151_3._Benjamin. (85) 

(88) v. Samuel, [57 — 4] who died in 1772. Had one son : 
152—1 .—Abiel. (86) 

(89) V. Gideon, [60 — 7.] was born 1741, married Sybil Markham ot 

Enfield, for his first wife, and removed to Munson, Ms. Had 
children : 
153—1. — Gideon, who m. Hannah Rood. 
154_2._Dan. (87) 

155 — 3. — Urbane, who m. Judith Piper, and removed to Michigan. 
4. — Sybil, who m. Aaron Lamphear and removed to Ohio. 
5. — Experience, m. Henry Gardner, and removed to Chatauque Co., 

N. Y. 
6. — Jerusha, m. Ariel Lamphear, and lives in Munson, Ms. 

Gid^n's second wife was Deborah Meacham, by whom he 
had: 
7. — Ira, who m. Sally Tupper. 
8. — Abraham, who m Mary Davis. 
9. — Salmon, m. Roxa Howe. 
10. — Samuel, m. Harriet Underwood. 
11. — Deborah, m. Joseph Dwight. 
12. — Achsah, m. Joshua Williams. 

13. — Prudence, m. Gideon Bliss, and removed to Wisconsin. 
14. — Eunice, m. Austin Bliss, and lives in Munson. 
15. — Candice, m. Barney Stowell. 

i40) V. Israel, [64—1.] who died in Middlefield, Ms. He had children : 
5e—l.— Simeon. (88) 
157— 2^l8rael. (89) 
US— a.— Gad. 
\m i . Dm. (90) 

k y. EsBXiBL. [69—1.1 was bom Aug. 18, 1734, married Jemima 
MariKbum, who died Dee. 11, 1811, aged 76. He removed to 



1849.] Th€ Ptau Jbm%. 287 

Weston, Windsor Co., Vermont, about 1770, died 1807, aged 
73. Had a son : 
160— 1.— Ezekiel. (91) 

(42) V. Henry Chandler, [70—2.] was, born Feb. 11, 1738, married 

Ruth Chapin, about 1760, removed to Sandisfield, Ms., 1768, 
died there Sept. 1812. Had children : 
161-— 1. — Oliver, b. 1777, m. in 1800, removed to Cambria, Niagara Co., 
N. T., May, 1828, from there to Blissfield, Lenawee Co., Mich- 
igan, Sept 1835. Has been twice married, had four sons and 
four daughters by his first wife, and one daughter by the second. 
162-2— Henry, b. 1772. (92) 

3. — Ruth, m. Richard Adams ; Abby ; 

4. — Abi, m. Mr. Atwater of Sandisfield. 

5. — Eliza, m. Mr. Baker *' 

6 — Tabitha, m. Mr. Dowd, had a family and removed to Sodas, 
N. T., where she died. 

7. — ^Mehitabel, m. and removed to Colcbrook, Ct, and died there. 

(43) V. Isaac, [71—3.] was bom June 1, 1752, lived and died in En- 

field. Had children : 
163—1. — Oliver; 2, Isaac; 
164— 3— Reuben. (93) 
• 165— 4.— Daniel ; 5, Abel ; 6, Calvin ; 7, Isaac T. ; 8. Theodore. 

(44) V. Edward. [73—2] settled in Enfield. Had children: 
1 —Timothy ; 2, Edward; 3, Heber. 

(45) V. CuMMiNGS, [75—1.] left Enfield. Had a son : 
1.— Wilder C. 

(46) V. Asa, [77—3.] died in Enfield. Had a son : 
1. — Maj, Elam. 

Sixth Generation. 

(47) VI. John, [78—1.] bom 1753, married Charity Thompson, 1781. 

died 1843, ». 90. He served in the Revolutionary War, and 
was a farmer. Had three sons and six daughters : 
1— John C, b. 1782, m. Naomi G. Niles of Windsor, Ct., sister of the 

Hon. John M. Niles, U. S. Senator. He was associated with Mr. 

Niles in the publication of a Gazetteer of Connecticut and Rhode 

Island. 






(JO) 

This name, (Dr.) c/^ ^^-^^ ^ /Cji/Z^C— > » is entitled to 

the credit of having compiled the genealogy of the first settlers of En- 
field, Ct . some years ago ; to which the compiler of this genealogy is 
indebted for many of the facts which form the basis of the work. It is 
with pleasure that he tenders to him, on behalf of the family at large, 
his sincere acknowledgments. 

^.-Walter, b. 1784. 

4.-Lorrain T., b. April 17, 1788, m. Sarah Marshall of Windsor, 1803. 
Had children, Elisha M., b. 3 Jan., 1812, who removed to Texas in 
1834, and is a practitioner of law at Brazoria. He was one of those 
who composed the first meeting which was called to consider the ex- 
pediency of taking up arms against Mexico, and was for a short time 
engaged in active military service. Lorrain T., b. 11 Aug., 1815. 
He removed to Texas, and died there 31 Aug., I836« H^ "«%& vol 



288 Proverb. [J11I7, 

active service in the Texan war against Mexico, and one of the few 
who escaped the Fannin massacre. And five other children. 

(48) YI. Richard, [84—1.1 had children. 1, Richard; 2, Luke; 8, Wal- 

ter ; 4, Orrin ; 5, Alpheus ; 6, Austin ; 7, Arariah. 

(49) VI. Augustine, [85 — 1.] horn May 18, 1757, married Mary Aus- 

tin, dau. of Seth Austin, Oct., 1781. He died at Nashville, 
Ten., April, 1791. Had children, Mary, b. March 5, 1782; 
Nancy, b. March 1, 1784. 

(50) VL Zend, [86—2.] bom Feb 2. 1759, married Hannah Leavitt, 

Dec 13, 1781. He died of dropsy, at Suffield, Feb. 3, 1809. 
Children. 1, a son, b. March, 1782; 2. Chariotte, b. Jan. 25, 
1784; 3, Hannah, b. April 9, 1785; 4, Henry, b. Jan. 14, 
1787; 5, Lydia, b. June 23, 1789; 6, Cynthia, b. Nov. 28, 
1790; 7, Chauncey, b. Feb. 1, 1793; 8, Adaline, b. Aug. 29, 
1801. 

(51) VI. (Dr.) Oliver, [87—3.1 bom July 27, 1760. married Cynthia 

Smith, dau. of Seth Smith, June 3, 1795, died in 1843. He 
was a highly respectable physician of Suffield for more than 
forty years ; town clerk for twenty years or more ; a justice 
the peace ; and for a long time judge of probate for the Suffield 
district. He had a daughter, Emily L., b. March 5, 1796, who 
m. a Mr. Clark. 

(52) VI. Royal, [88—4.] bom April 15, 1762, married Deborah Meacb— 

am, Dec. 10, 1798, died in Vermont, 1830. Children, 1, Delia, 
b. April 27, 1799 ; 2, Albert, b. Sept. 14. 1800. 

(53) VI. Seth, [89—5.] born Jan. 9, 1764, married Bathsheba Kent^ 

Dec. 21, 1785, died in Philadelphia, Sept. 1, 1819. His Mift^ 
died June 14, 1818. Children, 1, Betsey, b. April 4, 1786?. 
2, James, b. April 10. 1788 ; 3, Gamaliel, b. June 26, 1790 ; 4,. 
Alfred, b. May 28. 1793. 

(54) VI. Joseph, [91—7.] born Sept. 11, 1766, married Elizabeth Pierce 

of Suffield, Aug. 18, 1790, died near Dayton, Ohio, in 1842* 
Children : 

1,— Horace, b. Feb. 14. 1791, m. Ann Stilts. 1821, for his first wife, who 
died 1829 ; second wife, Sarah Bellvilie, in 1832. Residence, Day- 
ton, Ohio. 

2. — Edward, b. Nov. 3, 1792, m. Patsy Phifer, 1.^24, residence near Dayton, 
Ohio. 

8.— Perry, b. Jan. 23, 1797, m. Catharine E. Smith, 1822, residence, Car- 
rolton, Mont. Co., Ohio. 

4— George, b. Nov. 25, 1798, m. Ellen Whealley. 1831. who died 1839. 
He m. Mary Ann Lamme, for his second wife, 1841. 

(55) VI. William, [94—10.] bom June 22. 1772, married Zilpah Spen- 

cer. Oct. 10, 1792. died at Suffield, 1846. Children, 1, Lucy, 
b. Feb. 10, 1793; 2, Don, b. May 11, 1797. 

[To be continued.] 



** Neither give heed to endless genealogies, which minister questions ; but 
aToid foolish questions and genealogies, for they are unprofitable and vain." 
— Ancient Oironicle* 



tt49.] 



LiH of Freemen. 



289 



LIST OF FREEMEN. 

(GoBunvBleated %j Bar. Jjoem B. Pazoi of Cambridge, Member of the K. B. HIek. Gencal. Sodelr.] 



[Continued from page 194.] 



S May 1665. 
'*'Tbc aeveral persons nn- 
derwrit retained by cer- 
tificates fix)m the several 
Bunistera and selectmen, 
were by public saffrage 
of both Magistrates and 
Deputies admitted to 
freedom, and took their 
oaths accordingly." 
T!!apt George Corwin SaL 
^ohn Endecott 
2erubbabl Endecott 
Xliaxer Hauthome 
<^ohn Corwin 
^Vm. Browne jr. 
^n*. Potman 
Joseph Porter 
ISkh. Leech 

^6am. Ebume sen. '' 

-^n*. Rucke 
-iJames Browne 
PhilUp CitmiweU 
Bich. HoUingsworth 
£dw. Humber 
<^08haa Rea 
Xtopher Babridge 
<aeofv May Ba 

Joseph Belknap ** 

Amos Richardson " 

Tha Joy " 

Deane Winthrop ^ 

Kath. Rejrnolds 
Benj. Thirston 
John Toppan 
ffnncis Bacon 
^sth. Greene '< 

Homphry Davy 
Jtmes Alljn 
Abijah Savage 
Henry Taylor 
Tha Underwood 
^m. Hazzey 
|[enj. Mazzey 
Jha Hoole 
Hen. Messenger 
•nr Minot Dor. 

Jatnes Minot 
^^phcn Minot 
^ani. Preston 
^^vid Jones 
jyMn. Weekes 
. Blake 



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Jn*. Lewis 
Georg Colton 
Edm*. Quinsey 
Isak Sternes 
Jn*. Stone 



Dor. 
Lane. 

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Steven Willoues Camb. 
Jn*. Marret " 

Georg Cooke " 

James Trowbridge 
Jn*. Groat 
Joseph Esterbrooke " 
Nath. Saltonstal Hav. 

Edmo. Chamberlaine 

Chelm. 
Jn*. Wright 
Jn*. Stevens 
Jno Martin (463) " 
James Heildrick *' 

Herlakenden Symons Gloc. 
Sam. Ward Marbh. 

Stephen Pajne Maid. 

Peter TaflFs " 

Rich. Cutts Port. 

Jn\ Gold 
Tho. Baker 
Shabal Dumer Newb. 
Tho. Steevens Sudb. 

Ri. Meade Rox. 

Edm*. Eddenden " 

Tho. Eames (464) *< 
C.R., Vol IV. pp. 463y46A. 

3 May, 1665. 
Mr. Phillip Nelson Rowley 
Tho. Nelson " 

Jn». Trumble " 

Beiy\ Scott *• 

C. R., IV. p. 465. 

11 Oct. 1665. 

Thomas Merrick Springf . 
C. R., IV. p. 557. 

23 May 1666. 

Mr. Joseph Cooke Camb. 

Daniel Wellow " 

Jn*. Swayne ** 

Jn*. Addams " 

Tho. Browne " 

Tha Phelabrowne " 

Tho. Cheney " 

James Habbard " 

Rob't Ayer Haver. 
Tho. Ayer 



u 



Peter Aver 
Tho. Wbittier 
James Davis 
Jn*. Dow 
Tho. Lillford 
Sam. Converse 
Jn*. Benjamin 
Edw. Allen 
Jno. Bracket 
Joseph Davis 
Seth Perry 
Tho. flitch 
Sam. Norden 
Greorg Mang 
Edm*. Eddington 
Tho. Matson jan. 
Jn*. Batchelor 
Edw. Bams 
Ben. Bosworth 
Jn*. Cole sen'. 
Joseph Baldain 
franc. Bernard 
Phillip Rassell 
James Bapson 
Wm. Kerly 
Edm*. Gate 
Sam. Moody 
Caleb Mooay 
Isack Butter 
Nicho. Rocket 
Benja. Gibbs 
Abr. Willjams 
Nath. Wearo 
Hen. Page 
Rob't Vose 
Antho. Gullifer - 
Nicho. George sen*. 
Obadiah Hawes 
Jn*. Capen Jan. 
Tho. Peirse 
Rob't Spurr 
Timo. Tileston 
Jn*. Gill 
Tho. Smist jun. 
Ezra Clap 
W Cheny 
Jn*. Moore 
Tho. fibster 
W" Lyon 
Jn*. Kingman 
Sam. Pratt 
Sam. White 
Jn*. Vining 



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Waf. 

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Mari. 

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Marlb. 

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Tho. Bavlf Wey-. 

James ^fash " 

Jacob Nnsh " 

Laurenc Hamond Bost. 

Bob\ Coxe 

Hugh Amos 

Moses ffiske Do^ 

Peter Coftyn 

Jn*. Woodmaa 

Jn*. DhvIs 

Jn*. Martjn 

Antho. Nutter 

Tho. Roberts 

Tobias Davis 

Tho. Enton Hav. 

Jn*. Johnson 

Jn». White 

Elish. Huthinson 

David Say well 

Eph. Turner 

Jn*. Turner 

Caleb Watson 

Jn*. Crow 

Jn*. Browne 

Jn*. Sambome Hampton 

Nath. Batehelor 

Wra. Marston 

Hen. Dow 

C. R., Vol IV, p. 562. 

29 April 1668. 

Mr. James Russell 

*Charlstown 
Jn*. He^Tnan 
Nathani Rand 
Peter ifrothrington 
Jn*. Louden 

Jn* Benjamin Waf town 
l^ath. Coolid^ 
Jonath. Whitney 
Jonatha. Browne 
8ymnn Staty Ipswich 

Jn*. Whiple " 

Tho. West Salem 

Henry West 
8amuell Archard 
Jn*. Ma-^sey 
Wm. Downton 
Jn*. In«!ersoll 
Jn*. Pease 
Jn*. Dodge sen'. 

Bass River 
Nath. Stone 
Peter Woodbury 
Ephrajm Hereck 
"Wm. Peelj«bury N^wbery 
James Ordaway 
Nath. Clarke 
Tristram Coffin 



Nehemiah Jewet Lynnj Jn*. Rngg 
Tho. Call jun. Maiden Jnol*. fletcher 



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James Nicbolls ^ 

Tho. Hall Cambridge. 

Tho. Philebrowne 
Jn*. Swan 
Nath. Handcock 
Sam. Hastings 
Jn*. Addams 
Thorn. Browne 
Nath. Smith 
Steven Dow 
Robert Emerson 
Ralph Holton 
Henry Kelly 
James flbwle 
Benj. Bullard 
Sam. Gary 
Tho. Philbrick 
Sam. Wadsworth Milton 
Sam. Smith North Hamp- 
ton. 
Jn*. ffarrington De<lham 
C. R, Vol. IV. p. 600. 

24 Oct 1668. 

Jn* Green Maulden 

W- Greene " 

Symou Crosbee Billirrikey. 
Thomas Dav Springfeild 
C. R., Vol IV. p. 624. 

19 May 1669. 

'* Persons admitted to (free- 
dom by this Court, and 
those that tooke their 
oaths are set down first ; 
those that tooke it not 
are under the line.** 

Mr. Tho. Deano 
James Whetcombc 
D;iniel Turill 
Sam. Norden 
Jn*. Mosse 
Jor^eph Parsons 
Jn*. Gidney 
Barthol. Gidney 
Sam. Cheevers 
Jn*. Pifkerinsj 
Joseph Grafton 



Newl 



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Mr. Jn*. Davenport sea'. 
Mr- Jn*. Shearmaa 
Mr. Sam. Torrey 
Mr. Ri<h. Hubbard 
James How 

Mr. Jn*. Davenport jun. 
Jn*. Presoott 
Rich. Wheeler 



Henry Leonard Lynn|Jn*. Moor 



Joakim Hanrej 

Tho. Daniel 

W- Vauhau 

Rich. Cumings 

Henry Deerinsr 

Jn*than Wade joii^ 

Jn*. Conner sworn Jd 

Moses Braaford 

Sam Mason 

Jn*. Roberts 

Jn*. Gorton 

James Kent 

Jn* Kent 

Jn*. Bartlet Jan. 

Jn* Wells 

Abiel Soroersbr 

Henry Jaequish 

Bcnja. Lowell 

John Bayley 

Sam. Periy 

Nehemiah Abbot 

Georg Lyon 

Ezra Clap 

Ebenexar Clap* 

Tho. Gunn ^ 

James Comisfi 

Jn*. Roote 

Tho. flamum 

Jn*. Steephens 

Jn*. fry 

Steven Osgood 

Georg Abbat 

Wm. Chandler 

Andrew fibster 

Jn*. Maxwell 

Laurenc. Willis 

Wm. Grcenough. 

Benj Gage 

Jn*. Bayly 

Nath. Hancock 

Jn*. Bay ley 

Mathew Edwards 

Jn*. Keepe 

Isack Graves 

Henry Jaequish 

Henj. Kelly 

Jn*. Hastings 

Boaz Browne 

Ezek. Jewet 

Antho. Austin 

Jn*. Kelly 

Benja. Rolfe 

Thomas Wiggin 

C. R.y Vol IV. p. 62^^ 

11 May 1670. 

Mr. Jn*. Chickering Chars.- 
Daniel Edmonds '*' 



Ani 



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Rowie 



Spr- 



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(i 



1M9.] 



TbaWbitse ^ Chan. 

Abrahiim Smith 
Sam. Peifue 
Joseph ffrost 
Tba Cbadwell 
Sollomon Phippsjun. 
Joseph Ketle 
Sam. Ketle 

"Win. SyiDonds Woo. 

Hoger kenicot 
Tha Green 
Jd*. Baldin Bill. 

Samuell Maning 
Jn* Bracket 
Ifr. Jn* Oxenbridge Bost 
Henry TomiMon ** 

Adam Niccolls ** 

:Mr. Sam. Willard Groton 
l¥m. I^in 
Hatbyas famworth 
Tha Patch 
Henry Bayly Bevly 

John Bla«:k 
John Gaily 
Jn«. Woodbcry 
Tha Wert 
Mr. Beter Bulklcy Cone. 
John Haywood ** 

Thomas iiason 

North Hamp*. 
Tbo. Bascome ** 
Wm. Webster Hadley 
Joneph Baldwin ** 

Joseph Plamer Newb. 
Benj. Rolfe 
John Poore jun. 
ffranc. Thurlo 
Kicho. Batt 
Job Pilsbury «< 

John Gerrish Dov. 

Wm. Bartol Marbhd. 

Benja. Leeds Dorc. 

Henry Haggit 
Dani. Gott 
Wm. Rayner 
Jn*. Butchiler 
W- ffiske 
John Albye 

C. R., VoLIKp.ebl, 

11 Oct 1670. 

John Sandford 
John Gipson 
John Warren 
David Cop 
Samuel Worcester 
Hicholas Wallinjirton 

a R., VoL IV, p. 660. 

SI May 1671. 

Gnei fyfield Charla. 






u 



LiH of Freemen. 


Ric. Asting 


Charts. 


Tho. Hale 


u 


Nath. ffrothlngham 


tt 


Joseph Lynd 


tt 


Abr. Smith 


(t 


John Call 


tt 


Sam. ifrothingham 


tt 


Mr. Alexand' Nowell " | 


Tho. Parkes 


Cambr. 


Jn«. Turtle 


Lyn 


Mr. Josiah flynt 


Dorch. 


Antho. Newton 


it 


Hen. Leadbetter 


tt 


Robt Snurr 
James Con vers 


tt 


Wob. 


Eljazer Jaco 


it 


Mr. Wm. Brinsmead 


Hen. Collins jun. 




Allin Broad 




Jn*. Penniman 


Brant 


Moses Belcher 


ti 


Caleb Hubard 


Uing. 


Josh. Lyncoln 


ti 


Joseph Baldwin 


Hadl. 


Noah Coleman 


tt 


ffr. Waine Wright 


Ips. 


Wm. White 


ii 


li^ack (foster 


tt 


Sam. Younglove 


It 


Rich Waker 


tt 


Wm. Story jun. 


tt 


Arthur Abbot jun. 


tt 


Robt. Allin 


Dedh. 


Jn*. Ri(*hards 


tt 


Nath. Heaton 


tt 


Jnnhan (fuller 


u 


Medad Pumrey North 




Hamp. 


Jn*. Barber 


tt 


Charts (ferry 


Spring. 


Jn*. Riley 


tt 


Tho. Hobbs 


Topsf. 


Paul White > 
Tho. Noves. ^ 


Newb. 


ft 


Jn'than Morse 


tt 


James Smith 


tt 


John Smith 


it 


John Knight jun. 


tt 


Isack Phelps 


Westf. 


Joseph Whiting 




Jonothan Corwin 


S^lem. 


Jh*. Marston 


tt 


Eliaz'. Gidney 


tt 


Jn*. Maskor 


u 


Tho. IngoUs (676) 
Jn*. Alden 8^ Chh. 


u 


Boston. 


(fraricrBXrtmison >^ " 


Jn*. Mellowes \ 


u 


Jonathan Jackson 


tt 


Wm. Hoare 


t( 



241 



It 
tt 
tt 



James Hill S^ Chh. Boston. 
Jn*. Marshall 
Ambrose Daws 
Ezra Morse 
Jn*. Lvtlefeild Ded. 

Jn*. Holton " 

Sam. How Sud. 

Jn*. Roberts l*. Ch. Bos- 

to[n] 
Edmo. Ranger 
bartho. Toppn 
Jn*. Temple 
Jn*»ittrDham 
Jn*. Mjore 

Jn*. Cotte ** 

Jn*. Cleanesby 
Rob*. W-s 

Tho. Overmore " 

Mr. Jn*. SaflTyn 
Capt Tho. Lake 
Josh. Holdsworth 
Jn*. Barnard Waf . 

Sirai.ijirermore 
Jn*. Bright 
Sam. Crad Rox. 

Ephraim Hunt Wey. 

Jn*. Rogers " 

Benj. Gage Hav'. 

Sam. Gage " 

Rog* Kennicot Maid. 

Sam. Lee 
Tho. Green 
Tho. Bumham jun. Ips. 
Tho. Beard " 

Jn*. Bickford sen. Dorch. 
Rob* Bumm '* 

James Coflyn 

Tho. Bill (677) 

C.R., To/. IF. pp. 676, 677. 

16 May 1672. 

Mr. Urian Oakes Camb. 
Mr. Joseph Dudley Roxbu. 
Wm. Laking Groaton 

Mathias famworth " 
Jn*. Mor?e 
Joseph Morse 
Nath. Lawrence 
Jn*th' Sautell 
Jn*th' Morse " 

Mr. Jn* Winslow Boston 
Dani. Hentjhmae- 
Ephraim Savage 
Joseph Wheeler 
Mannasseth Brike 
Symon Amery 
Tim* Thornton 
Hen. Allin ** 

Edw. Grant *' 

James Townsend ^ 



ii 
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242 



lAtt of Freenun. 



[Wy, 



Wm. Smith Boetqn.l 8 Oct 167S. 

Sam. Bridge (688) "N., «, «... 

Wm ar-Xaa^ « Wt. SoIomon Stoddard 

North Ham. 



Wm. Gn^ 
Ephraim oearl 
Auell Porter jun. 
Isack Brookes 
Joseph Richardson 
W Ellery 
Tho. PiDney 
Creoi^ Lainea 
Jn* Breuster 
Rob* Parrinston 
Righ. Shortndg 
Jn*. Dennet 
Jn*. Thompson 
Tho. Eggerly 
Jn*. Rand 
Jn*. Dam 
Stey. Jones 
Jn» Wingat 
Thos. Layton 
Tho. OlliV 
Natha. ffiske 
Jn* Morse 
WTorrey 
Micigah Torrey 
Joseph Prat 
Ric. Temple 
Tho. Deane 
Gershom Brooks 
Obadiah Morse 
Jnth' Morse 
Joseph Morse 
Nath. Whiting 
Ezekiel Jewet 
Abr. Haseltine 
Tho. Rimgton 
Jn*. Watson 
Jnth. ffuller 
Edw. West 
Mr. Hope Atherton 






Woob. 



it 



Gloc. 



Greorge Lane Hing. 

Dr. I^mard Hoare Bost 



Ips. 
Medf. 



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Ports, 
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Cambr. 
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Dedh. 
Medfie. 



ii 



Springf. 
Glocest. 



Hatfeid. 



Jn* Coleman '* 

Thadeus Riddan Lyn 

Josep Gardiner Salem 
Rich. Hutton Wenh. 

Joseph Rice Marlb. 

Tho. Chubbuck 
Tha Lincolne 
Jn* Beale 
Dani. Cushin 
Mathias Bridges 
Joseph Bate 
Benj. Bate 
Samuell Bate 
Wm. Hearsy 
Onesephenis Manh 
Jacob Beale 
Caleb Beale (689) 
C.IL, Vol IV. pp. ess, CS9, 



Tho. Lull 
Sam. Wight 
Eph. Wight 
Joseph Croafot 
Henry Walker 

a R., Vol IV. p. 705. 

7 May 1678. 

Mr. Peter Lydget 

1*. Ch. Bort. 
Mr. Samuel Shrimpton 
Mr. Elisha Cooke 
Mr. Eljakim Hutchinson ^ 
Mr. John Usher 
Mr. Jn* fiaireweather 
Mr. John. Clarke 
Mr. Isack Addington 
Mr. John Buttolph 
Samuel Bridge 
Mr. Xtopher Clarke 

3' Ch. Bost. 
Mr. John Joyliffe 
Mr. Edward Willis 
Mr. Nathaniel Daven- 
port 
Tho. Bingley 
Paul Batt 
Timothy Batt 
Mr. John Woodmansey 
John Drury 
James Bracket 
Mr. Edw. Willis 
Mr. Jn*. Walley, merch* " 
Lyonel Wheately 
Robert Mason 
John Walley, mariner 
Mr. John Pole 
Rich. Paddeshall 
John Wilkins 
John Osborne 2^ Ch. Bo 
Hopestil foster 
ifrancis Hudson 
Wm. Grcenore jun. 
Math. Barnard 
Daniel Travis 
Rich. Bennet 
Capt Sam. Scarlet 
John Anderson sen'. 
Joseph Cooke 
Obadiah Swift 
John Bird 
Eliaz' Hawes 
Joseph Weekes 
Samuel Toplifie 
Jn* Wthrington 



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Mr. ThogitGniTM^ C^^ 

Mr. Joseph Browne — - 

Mr. Sam. Brakenbnrir CL 

Humphry Bradahaw Caak 

Samuell Oldam *" 

Nath. Robbinson (718) " 

W- Davis Bos. 

James Day Ipii 

Mr. Joseph Gerriih New. 

Jn* Bailey 

ffirands Urowne 

Elisha Elzie 

James Bayly 

Dam. Cheny 

Joshua Browne 

Sam. PoofB 

Moses'Pilsbnrj 

Beiga. Morse 

Sam. Bartlet 

Hen. Ingalls 

Jn*. Lovejoy 

John Barker 

John Baker 

Ellis Wood 

Edw. West 

Joe. Hey ward 

Nathan. Billings 

Abra. Brj'ant 

Mr. Grershom Hobbart 

Hing. 
James Bate ** 

Clement Bate " 

Mr. Zecha. Whitman HoU 
Benj. Bosworth 
Tho. Loring 
Jn*. Loring 
Jn*. Lobdell 
Isack Lobdell 
Benj. Loring 
Sampson Shoare 
Abra. Jones 
Jn* Cumins 
Isa. Cumins 
Isack Easty 
Jn* Row 
Nathan. Joseljn 
Sam. Beldcn 
Dani. Warner 
Wm. Gull 
Chileab Smith 
Jos. Warner 
Jn* Tucker 
Nicho. Woodbery 
Peter Noyce 
John Goodenow 
Tho. Barnes 
James Vales 
Mr. Charls Nicholate (719) 

Salem 
C. H, Vol IV, pp. 718, 719. 



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lA^ nf Frnmeiu 



248 



15 Oet 1678. 

iftttud Peirce B. 1 Ch. 
iftew Atkins B. S* Ck 



Cooc 

Medf. 

Gla 

Mend' 

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Ip8. 






fti Biown6 
tadm Cluke 
m, Colenian 
iphen Cooke 
■^LoTet 
nLSUple 
nph Steerens 
mwIBead 
ipa Trier 
e. /L, FoL IF. p. 782. 

20 Dec 1673. 

ka LoTejoy 
kn Barker 
Burlngalb 
d A, Fo/. IF. p. 737. 

f Janoarj 1673-4. 

fHojes 
MiMNojes 
ka^nt 
KiLAddmnis 
ka Badger 
Mph Gerrish 
ttaniel Brewer 
r.W^ Addams 
■»Capen 
a It, FoL IF. p. 787. 

11 Marck 1673-4. 

m Townsend \ B. 

r. John Bodgen Ips. 

r. Samoel Gobbet 

ikP. Kinsman 

loiiiat Clarke 

Midi Hovey 

tndiani ffiit 

aapk Goodbue 

Mph Whiple 

MnonDane 

b. ffiflber 

nph Pratt 

ha^ Andrew 

Hh. Cotler 

■Mi Bacon 

oau RichardiOQ 

Cbelnufiv 
Ikmt Browne 
Mdb Warren <« 

C. U., Fo/. IV. p. 738. 

27 May 1674. 

k Daniel Eppa 
W Jacob 
WMetcalf 
ho. Wallis 
Wianiel Addami 



Tops. 
1 Ch. 
Box. 



II 

u 
u 
i( 

Cone. 

Bill'. 

Porta. 
It 



II 
II 
ti 
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II 
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II 
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Nathan: Boat 

Tho. fiVench 

Jn* Lnmpaon 

Jn* Pebody 

Joseph famnm 

Jn*. Kuglea sen'. 

Elnathan Chancy [Camb*.] 

Bnben Luxford 

Andrew Boardman 

Jn*. Jackson 

Daniel Markham 

Jn* Bass 

Jacob french 

Wm Seavir 

Obadiah Morse 

Tho. Hanrie — 

Antho. Ellings 

Richard SanipM>n 

Abell Poater 

Caleb Pnmbrey N. Hamp. 

Ebenezer White Weym. 

Edw. Addams 

Joseph Wright 

G^rsnom flasg 

Samnel Walker 

James Thompson 

Israel Walker 

Jn* Snow 

C. JR., Vol F.p. 1. 

7 Oct 1674. 

Samnel Donse Ch. 

Tha Bligh Bost 

Rich. Sharpe 

Tha Smith 

W" Ingram 
Dudley Bradstreet 

C.JR., Vol F.p. 16. 

22 July 1674. 



Med. 



II 
II 



Woob. 

It 

II 
II 



Ded. 

Wejrm. 

Hmg. 

Ch. 

Rozb. 



Edward Barton 
Rich*. Hill 
Henry Cnrtis 
francis Browne 
Rich'. Warren 
Henry Stoakes 
Wm. Denlo 
Edw*. Dorr 
Jn* Dare 
Geor. Burnet 
Nicho. Osboume^ 
Tho. Parker 
David Olliver 
Emanuel Whichalls 
Jn*Cock 
Tha Phillips 
Tho. Hilman 
Nicco. Carary 
Jn* Parker 
Nicca Deminj; 
Abell Hoggendge 
Edward Cole 
Jn* WildGoose 
Tho. Pamell 
Aaron Beard 
Gregory Langberry 
Abra. Clarke 
Tho. Cox jun. 
Henry Curtis jun. 
Shadrick Cox 
Richard Cox 
Richard Pearce jun. 
Robert Cauly 
Tha Adger 
Richard Bradeway 
Richard Bncknell 
Wm. Edwarda 
Tha Cox 
Wm. Waters 
Win. Welcome 



At a Court at Pemaquid the Jq*. Bessell 



Ipa. 

u 



14 
11 
« 



following named persons 
took the oath of fidelity. 

Thomas Humphreys 
Robert Gamon 
Willjam Waters 
John Dolling 
Thomas Cox 
RoV Edmunds 
Ambrose Hanwell 
John Wrifbrd 
Elias Trick 
John Pride 
Geoi^e Bickford 
Reynald Kelley 
Jn* Cole 

Capt Edmnd Pattestall 
Mr. Icbabod Wisewall 
Mr. Richard OlUver 
Wm. Buckford 



Peter Collins 
Richard Glass 
Tha Phillips 
Henry Palmer 
Jn* Palmer jun. 
Phillip Bry 
Wm. Phillips 
Jn*. Stover 
Jn*. Palmer sen'. 
Robrt Edmnds 
James Widger 
Tho. Harls 
Jn* Gingden 
Nico. Yallack 
Jn* Selman 
Wm. Trout 
Nica Heale 
Georg Bucknell 
Wm.Cox 



244 



Idst of Freemen. 



[Wj, 



Tho. Cox 

C. R.f Vol V. p. 17. 

12 May 1675. 

Boat 



« 

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i( 



Salem 
Ips. 

n 
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II 
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Bev. 



It 
It 
II 



John Valentine 

Joseph .Webb 

Elisha AudlJQ 

Sam. Ware 

Jn^th" Bridgham 

Peircy Glance 

John Davis 

Joshua Gee 

Bcnja. Dyer 

£(lw. Thwing 

Sam. Gardiner 

Samuel Warner 

Tho. Weld 

Tho. Gittings 

Symon Chapman 

Nath. Warner 

James Bracket 

Andrew Boardman Camb 

Ruben Luxford 

Dani. Markeham 

John Jackson 

Ebencz' Wiswall 

C. jR., Vol. V p. 26. 



Jadah Wright Northam. 
Sam. Smith '' 

Mr. Jn*Yoang1ove Hadly 
Samuel Wentworth Dov. 
C, it, Vol. r. p. 73. 



Meadt 
•ft 



II 
Ips, 

Bo. 8* Ch. 

Northam. 

i( 

II 



11 Oct. 1676. 

Richard Hall Bradf. 

Dani. Hazeltine 
Jn* Hardy 
Jn» Hubbard 
Jn* Jewet 
Benja. Emons 
Sam. Davis 
Nehemia Allin 
Jn* Knight 
Jn* Dowse Cbarls. 

C.R.y Vol. V.p. 112. 

23 May 1677. 

Salam 



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tt 

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21 Feb. 1675-6. 

3* Bost. 



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Camb. 

Sails. 

Ips. 



tt 



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Jn* Tucker 
Jn* Noyes 
Natha. Willjams 
Dani. Gookinjun 
Jn* Pike 
Hen. Trow 
Jn*. Jewet 
Rob* Pierpoint 
Jn* Atwood 
Joseph Knight 
Georg Abbot 
Xtopher Osgood 
Tho. Osgood 
Jacob french 
Tho. Russell 
Jn* Clifford 
Joseph Barret 
[illegible] Amistreale 
Tho. Dyer Wevm 

C. R., Vol. V. p. 70. 

3 May 1676. 



Bost. 2* 

AVoo. 

And. 
tt 

II 

Bille. 

Charles. 

llamp. 

Chelms. 



Mr. Sam. Alcock 
Mr. Dani. Russell 
Zooh. Johnson 
Isaack ffowle 
Zech. fferris 
John Gtxvdwin 
Timo. Baker 
Joseph Person 
Jn* Bridgman 



Boston 

Charl. 
It 

tt 

II 

II 

Northam. 

u 
u 



Mr. Jn* Price 
Jn* Higinson jun. 
Jn* Hauthorne 
Manasses Maraton 
Henry Kirrey 
Mr. Sam. Nowel 
Jn* Phillips 
Xtopher Goodin 
James Millar 
Jn* Blany 

Wm. Gibson Boston 1 Ch. 

Nathani Barnes 

Edw* Ashley 

Jn* Cad well 

Jn* Wales 

James Blake 

Joseph Roads 

Jn* White 

Jabez ffo.x 

Jn* Rogers 

Jn* Bayly 

Nathani. Gay 

Tho. Aldridge 

Nath. Kingsbery 

Jn* Weare 

Wm. Avery 

Jn' Hollioke 

S im. SlOildar 

Andrew Lane 

Jn* Tucker 

Rich* Dumer jun. 

Hen. Short 

Steph. Greenleaf 

Jacob Toppan 

Rich. Bartlet jun. 

Tho. Pearly 

Wm. (Foster 

N.ith. Barker 

Obadiah Morse 

Edw* Addami 



« 
11 

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Charls. 
11 

II 

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II 



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II 

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Dorch. 

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Lin. 

Rox. 

Camb 

Wey. 

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Eljaz' Addams 
Jn*tb Morse 
Jos. BuUio 
Jn* Walker 
Jn* Carter 
Jn* Brarboon 
franc, fletcber 
Timo. Wheeler 
Jn* Merriam 
Sam. Jones 
Sam. Lampaon 
Jn* Eaton 

Henry Menrow *• 

Scbred Taylor " 

C. R., Vol. F. p. m. 

10 Oct. 1677. 
John Clarke B.tC. 

Gilbert Cole " 

Robert Butcher 

Nathaniel Patten 
Jn* Wales aen'. 
Sam. Hix 

Henry Withengton 
Amos Woodward 
Dani. Champney 
John Wells 
Tho. Pierce 
Jn* Smeadley 
Joseph Boynton 
Alexand' Sessions 
Benja. Lincolne 
John Chubbuck 
John fering * 

Tho. Gill lun. * 

C.R, Vol Vp.M 

8 May 1678. 

Joseph Bridgham 

1 Cb.B«it 



Dor. 

M 

II 

Ca^ 

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WoA 
OoMp 

Aai 

Hiig. 

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II 

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SCfc 



II 



Joshua AVindsor 

Jonas Clarke 

Hen. Dauson 

Wm Way 

Jn* Barnard 

Tho. Bark' 

Jn* Goffe • 

Wm. Sumcr * 

Mr. Peter Thatcher I C* 

Mr. Sam. Seawall * 

Mr. Elnath. Chancey Ou» 

Timo. Lyndall 

Isack flbot 

Roger Hill 

Wm. Barker 

Edw. Read 

Benj. Parmiter 

Richard Riff 

Francis Girdler 

Jn* MascoU 

Walter Cloya 



rt 



II 
II 
(^ 
II 



1818.] 



ZUt of JVMinen. 



JoMpb finrbwik 

no-fEaher 
SuL Gaila 
BeniUiles 
Joeph Wight 
Jouffiaber 
Bol/t Weira 
JotiBth. ffreemin 
Jn-. Clifford 
Wb. ffuUer 
jD*P>rk«r 



8nn.Bdter 

JoKph Beuon 
Simiiel Pniic« 
Jnnb. Vickree 
Tln^ Tolcman 
Jd*. Toleoum 
N4th. Glover 



Imk. Samer 
Hope Clap 
Jn' Bftker 
Wm.BraU 
Joia Cbapen 
Jw Penioian 
Smb. F«iinimn 
JoL Parmiter 
flteph. Payne jmi. 

Ebm. Thailar 
ThaUanh 
Jc Walker 
Tho. Patten 

Obidia Penr 
lb. Edw. Taylor 
jR*HaudilcT 
TKkiT Sike 
k. Cakebread 
Lake Hitchcoke 
A* Kchariton 
Tbo. Banknft 
Jn* Toirntend 
Bich. Phillipt 
8ui. Hamphiy 
JoMpb Dyar 
Idnw. Grorer 
BdwDi. Grorer 
bL Woorlberr 
Hmp. Woodberr 
RdI^. Bradbotk 
Ec. Patch 
Jb' Blait 
J*" ffich* 
^ Patch 

Kpbr. Toeker 
'•Ma<et Tockor 
iM&Narii 



]. Tho. Hde 
1' Ruuell 

C. i{., Fot F.ji. 176. 
3 Oct. 1678. 



Mr. Isack ffoster 



Chart). 

Ip.. 

Hing. 

Ded. 

Sud. 



Tho. Chard 
Jn' Colton 

Catfon Miither 



Biller. 



Sun. Mao 

, JoDal Pr«gcot 

'ThaEeaiiejon. 

.. Wm. AdclaiD* 

,j JoMph ffreeman 
* Carter 
Jn* KendaU 
" 1. Winge 
John Lynds 

'' Ja' GreenUod 

C. R., Vol. r.p.202. 
15 Oct. 1679. 
Mr. John BrovDe Seil. 
Benja. fSlch ** 

Haniiniah Parker " 

Nalh. Gooding " 

Peter Tuffea llald. 

francis Janes _" 

Mathew Cuihin jun. Hing. 
Jn* Smith jun. " 

Dani. Cushin " 

Jocia Ijevet " 

Jowph Wing Wo 

ih Lye " 



EliH' Boll 



Chelroif. 



lalhun Tyne " 

Mr. Jwe. Hanlcy North. 

Dsvjd Burt " 

Wm. Smcad " 

Jii'. Woodward " 

Jonathan Hunt " 

Joshua Pomrey " 

ih I>i>dge 



BeT'. 



Marbleh' 



Jn' J 



Ne« 



Sam. Buderiek 

Jn* PreKOt 

Ephraim Wiodup Caoib. 

Jn* Harrion " 

. C.R^ Fol. V.p.232. 
■ / 4 Feb. 1619-80. 
Ordered, that the Hon'^ 
Georg Rustell Esq. 
resident with ua in 
Ion, be admitted to the 
freedom of this corpora- 
tion, if he please to accept 
thereof." Mnrg. 
" He accepted i . 
took his oath 13 ffeh. IS, 
before the Governor and 
Asmitanli." 

C. R. Vol V. p. 259, 
I»M^I680- 
Mr. Jn* Bowles 
Mr. Edw. PasoD 
Jn*. Grafton Salem 

Resolved While ■> 

" iBenJB. Tbwing I C.Bost. 
HadLlJerr. Dnmer " 



Weslf. 



Bev'. 



Hilton J 



Jn* Bak'h 

Paul Thomdick 

Kith*. Normau 

Jn* Leffg " 

Nathan. Walton 

Rich' Mounle(|ue " 

Mr. Tha Shcphard Char]). 

Mr. Neh. Hubbard 

Camb. VUK 

Ebeuea' Wiswall " " 

Sam. Robbina " " 

Jn* (iardiner Wob. 

" Chadwick " 

Mr. Wiglesworih Maid, 

n.i.ii.i. a-,;(|, u 

[illegible.] 

Wm. Stacy 

Zachc Mnnh 

Synion Booth 

1ft rat) How 

Bern. Loeds 

John I'Bson 

Syinon Willard Ips. 

" ph i'itty " 

Nulh Humphry •• 

Abra. Whitman Wcy. 

Pratt « 

Mr. Eiiw. Taylor Wert. 

David Ashley " 

Jeddcdia Dewy " 

Siim, Roote " 

ifo'epli Pomry *' 

N»th. Melby Hall 

Jn'. Hiinchet « 

Bftij. Itoiworth " 

Abr. Jonca " 

Rob' Gold " 

Joiiflihsn Nile " 

Nnlhnni. Bosworth *' 

Zach. Ilund " 

Joae. Bosworth ** 



246 



cf JFr6€9Hen, 



[% 



K 
(( 
U 
(C 
(C 



Iseck Fickrey Hall 

Steven Lincoln Hingh. 
Mr. Jer. Shep'd Lynn 
Tho. Layton 
Ralph King 
Rob', ffuller 
Jn* felton 
Jos. Phippen 
Mr. Dani\ D [blotted] 
Japhet Chapin Spring. 
Sam. Ely " 

Tho. Shelden Biller. 

a R., Vol V. p. 260. 

IS Oct 1680. 

Mr. Tho. Cheever 

1 C. Bo6t 

Nicho. Willis " 

Mr. Deodat Lawson 8 C. 
Sam. Ballard Cba. 

Mr. Edw. Pason Rox. 

Danie. Kellum jan. Wenh. 
John Knolton '* 

Sam. Knolton *' 

Tho. Bayly " 

Sam. Abby 
Sam. ffiske 
Tho. Prentice sen*. 

Camb. Yill. 
Tho. Prentice jun. 
Tho. Parke sen'. 
Jn* ffiiller jun. 
Jn*than ffuller 
Joshua ffuller 
Joseph ffuller 
James Hawkes 
Jos. Jacob 
Enos. Kinsly 
Peter Bracket 



it 



a 
II 
It 
II 
<i 
i( 



Sam. Kent doa. 

Jn* Burbank [ ? ] 

Wm. Starlinge '' 

Sam. Peirson ** 

Nath. Jewett Cone. 

Allen Bread sen*. Lyn 

Joseph Reads ** 

Josiah Reads '* 

Ephrajm Winship Camb. 

Abraham Tilton Ips. 

Isa. Esty Tops. 

Tho. Norman " 
C. it, Vol V. p. 306. 



12 Oct 1681. 



Hingh. 

II 



N. Hamp. 
Biller. 
a /?., Vol V, p, 285. 

11 May 1681. 



Tho. Eaton 
Naiha. C bickering 
Robe't Weare 
David Hubbart 
Jerr. Beale 
Tho. Hovey 
Sam. Lancton N. 
Nath. Phelph 
Benia. Gerrish 
EzcKiel Cheevers 
John Leech 
Ephrajm Colton 
Tho. Colton 
Joseph Stebbing 
Joseph Trumble 
Greorg Norton 



Ded. 

II 

II 

Hing. 

II 

Hadl. 

Hamp. 

II 

Salem 

II 

it 

Spr. 

II 

II 
(( 
it 



Mr. Jn* Olliver 2 Ch. Bast 

Tho. Chard 

James Barnes 

Hen. Bartbolmew 1 Ch. B. 

Obadiah Sajle 

Jn* Rassells 

Jn* sen*. 

Tho. Con 

Sam. Ingolls 

Wm. Gc^hue jun. 

Jn* Pierson jan. 

Jn* Sanyde (820) 

John Whitman 

Nicholas Whilmarsh 

Steven ffrench 

Jn* Bayly 

Tho. Bayly 

Rich*. Gurney 

James Smith 

Nathan Smith 

Samuel Holbrooke 

Wm. Richards jun. 

Joseph Richards 

Jn* Richards 

Tho. Kingman 

Samuel King 

Wm. Read 

Abijah Whitman 

Tho. White 

Joseph Dyer 

Jn* Shaw jun. 

Joseph Pitty 

Tho. Noble 

Eliaz' Weller 

Sam. Ball 

Tho. Spencer 

Tho. Stukslev (821) 

C. R., Vol V.pp. 820, 321. 

24 May 1682. 

Jn* ffoster Salem 
Antho. Buxton '' 

Peter Prescot "* 

Mr. Jno. Aplet(Mi Ips 

[To bo oo&tiniiod.] 



« 
« 



II 

Camb. 
II 

ip.. 

M 
« 

Row. 
ti 

Wey. 
<i 

c< 
it 

ii 
II 
II 
l( 
il 
II 

41 
<l 

«l 
II 
Ii 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 

Wenh. 

II 

Spr. 

Suff^ 
II 



Jn* Dane 
Jn* Wardner 
Dani. Warner 
Tho. Boreman 
Joseph ffellowi 
Tha Tredwell 
Nath. Tredwell 
Jos. far 

Jn* ffarrington 
Humph. Barrat 
Sam. Hanr 
Roger Chandler 
Sam. Stone 
Sam. Kemball 
Jn* Gilbert 
Charl Got 
Jn* Harding 
Jn* Warfeild 
Benj. Clark 
Jn* fisher 
Sam. Rockwood 
Nath. Allin 
Jn* Bates 
Abra. Byam 
Nath. Butterfeild 
Abr. Parker 
Isack Morrell 
Jn*than Careo 
Sam. Bardet 
Jn* Pinor 

CR., Vol r.p.»tf. 

11 Oct. 1682. 

Mr. Sam. Gardiner jun. 

Site 
Mr. Jn* Apleton 
Jn* Dane 
Daniel Warner 
Tho. Boreman 
Joseph ffellows 
Tho. Tredwell 
Nath. Tredwell 
Mr. Tho. Wade 
Joseph Giddings 
Joseph Safford 
Wm Butler 
Jn* Harding 
Jn* Warfeild 
Benja. Clarke 
Jn* ffisher 
Samuel Rockwood 
Joseph Allin 

Jn*ffl<CT 
Abra. Gufle 
Nath. Marcham 
Wm. Band 
Sam. Jeningson 
Jn* farwell 
Tha Browne jun. 



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COK. 

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a 

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If 

MMdftL 

11 

it 

a 
tt 

M 

cu» 



II 

Oft 

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a 

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jReoardi of Boston. 



SAl 



RECORDS OF BOSTON. 

r tlM Antiqnirian Jonnud by Mr. Datid Pulsiveb, member of the N. E. H. 

Geneal. Society.] 

rBRAiKTBXS.— Continued from page 127.] 

liekins was drowned 3* (10*») 1688. MeJdns. . 

Mellow dyed MeUawes. ^ 

the wife of John Merchand dyed 8* (10») 1638. Mtrchand. 

, the Sonne of Thomas IMLetson was borne 23° (5*^) Metson. 



i More wife to John Moore dyed 1 643. 

i the daught' of Henry Neale was borne 16® (11*^) 



Moore. 
Neale, 



he daughter of ffrancis Newcom was borne 81® {V) Newcomb. 



Osborne. 

Pome. 

Penniman. 



he daught' of firancis Newcomb was borne 24® (3®) 

w the Sonne of John Osborne dyed (3®) 1641. 
Paine dyed 21® (4®) 1643. 
the Sonne of James Penniman was borne 1® (6®) 

he daught' of James Penniman was borne 16® (3®) 

he daught' of John Perrin was borne 22® (12®) 1640. 
. Pocher dyed 29® (7®) 1639. 
le Sonne of John Reade was borne 29® (6®) 1640. 
Bthe Sonne of John Reade was borne 20® (9®) 1641. 
Rey dyed 30® (7®) 1641. 
the wife of Richard Rockett dyed 9® (5®) 1643. 
le Sonne of Richard Rocket k, Agnes his wife was 
(10®) 1641. 
le daughter of David Rogers was borne 3® (11®) 

Rogers dyed 24® (7®) 1642. 
the Sonne of George Ruggle borne 5® (3®) 1640, and 
1641. 
i the daught' of Georg Ruggle was borne 15® (12®) 

e Sonne of William Savell was borne 22® (2®) 1642. 
le Sonne of Benjamin Scott was borne 25® (10®) 

I Sellein dyed 3® (10®) 1642. 
ergeant servant to Thomas Metson dyed (8®) 1641. 
e Sonne of Robert Sharpe was borne 12® (1®) 1642. 
the Sonne of John Shepheard dyed 29® (6®) 1641. 
in the sonne of Edward Spalden 

his wife was borne 7® (2®) 1643. 
;he daught' of Edward Spalden 

his wife was buryed (3®) 1641. 
et the wife of Edward Spalden dyed ■ 1640. 
he daught' of Robert Steevens was borne 81® (8®) Steepens. 



jrernn. 
Pocher. 
Reade. 

Rey 

Rocket. 



Rogers. 



Ruggle. 



SaveU, 
ScoU. 

SeUein, 

Sergeant. 

Sharpe. 

Shepheard. 

Spalden, 



248 



Beeorok of Botton, 



[Jd7, 



John the sonne of Thomas Stowe & Marj his wife was 
borne the 3* (12*) 1640. 

Mary the dauj^liter of Thomas Stow & Mary his wife was 
borne 6*» (12*') 1642. 

Joan Symons the daught' of Thomas Symons was borne 
8* (9«) 1638, 

Abicmil Symons the daught' of Tho : Symons was borne 
the 8« (9«) 1640, & dyed 30« (3°) 1642. 

Thomas Symons dyed 15*' (4°) 1642. 

Anne the daught' of John Symons dyed (4**) 1640. 

Joseph the sonne of W°* Thomson & Abigail his wife was 
borne 1M3°) 1640. 

Benjamin the sonne of W"* Thomson & Abigail his wife 
was borne 14* (5«) 1642. 

Abigail the wife of m^ William Thomson dyed (ll'^) 1642. 

Dorcas the daujjlit' of Danieil Weld was borne 6*** (2*) 
1643, & dyed 15« (4*') 1643 

I^taac the sonne of Jacob Wilson was borne 28® (11**) 1640. 

Sarai the daughi' of Jacob Wilson was borne 28** (IP) 
1641. 

Elisabeth the daught' of Alexander Winchester was borne 
the 28** (r) 1640. 

Hannah the daught' of Alexand' Winchest' was borne 10** 
(10») 1642. 

James the sonne of James Wiseman was borne 8** (8**) 
1640. 

Mercie the daught' of James Wiseman was borne 28* (V) 
1643. 



Stow, 



Synuna. 



Thomtim. 



WM 
WinckeiUr. 



WuemoL 



A register of Births & Burialls in Cambridge from the yeare 1632 vn^ ). 
the first Month 1644. 



Mary the wife of William Andrews dyed 19° (IP) 1639. 

Mary the dau^ht' of Joseph Buster & Mary his wife was 
borne the 13** (3°) 1643. 

Jemimah the du(ip:ltt^ of Andrew Belchar & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne the 5° (2«) 1642 

William Bitllestone dyed 5° (8). 

Thomas Bitllestone dyed 23** (9°) 1640. 

Susan Blojrget the daughter of Thomas Blogget & Susan 
his wife was borne (4°) 1637. 

Joseph the sonne of Robt Bradish & Mary his wife was 
borne (3**) 1638. 

Mary the wife of Robt Bradish dyed (7**) 1638. 

Samuel the sonne of Robt Bradish & Vashti his wife was 
borne 18** (12*») 1639 and dyed 6° (5°) 1642. 

John the sonne of John Brewer & Anne his wife was 
borne the lO® (8**) 1642. 

Samuel the .«onne of Roger Burt ic Susan his wife was 
borne 6*» (12*^) 1642. 

Thomas Blogget dyed 7** (6") 1639. 

Jonathan the sonne of Christopher Sc Margaret Caine 
borne 27« (V) 1640. 

[To be contmaed.] 



B(uUf> , 

Bitdestm : 
BuUeston$» 
Btogpt 



BraM 



Bft^' 

»ffU 
Qtt^ 



1^9.] Mmair qf Charle9 Froit. 249 



MEMOIR OF CHARLES FROST. 

\Bj UtKBm Fasbohs, Bi. D., of ProTidence, R I^ Member of the K. England ffiBtoric 

Genealogiod Sodety.] 

[Mr. Editor: The last two numbers of your journal contained copies 
of ancient manuscripts relating to Richard Waldron, Charles Frost, and 
others, who werd among the first settlers about the Pascataqua. These I 
ha?6 Uiought might serve to render a brief sketch of the life of Major Frost 
iitteresting to your readers.] 

Chablks Frost was bom in Tiverton, England, in 1682. He accom- 
ptnied his father to the Pascataqua river at the age of three or four years. 

His father, Nicholas Frost, was also a native of Tiverton, and resided 
*Bear Lemon Green, over against Bear- Garden." He had one sister, who 
"married Charles Brooks, a brazier in Crown Alley, London." He was 
bom about the year 1595, and arrived at Pascataqua about 1685 or 163^ 
nd settled at the head of Sturgeon Creek, on the south side of Frost's Hill, 
where he died, July 20, 1663, and was buried in the rear of his house. He 
bioaght over a wife and two or three children. The wife is not mentioned 
IB his will, dated 1650, from which it is to be inferred that she died before 
thtt time. This will was examined in court of probate, and, from some 
Ottise now unknown, was deemed ^* invalid and of none efTect" The court 
irdered that his estate be divided among his children equally, excepting that 
Charles, the oldest, should have a double share, **for his care and former 
trouble." This amounted fo £211. Charles took the homestead, with five 
bmdred acres of land. To his second son, John, he gave three hundred 
acres in York, with a marsh valued at £65, the rest in money. To William 
Leighton, for his wife Catherine, personal property. To Elizabeth, when 
die should arrive of age, personal estate. To Nicholas, a house and lot 
alining Leighton*s, and personal property ; he being a minor, was placed 
Mder the guardianship of his brother Charles. 

Catherine Leighton had a son and a daughter named John and Eliza- 
letL The latter died young. The son married Oner Langdon, and was 
the ancestor of a numerous race, among whom were a grandson, Major 
Samuel Leighton of Elliot, and his son. General Samuel Leighton, who 
Cad in Alfred, Sept , 1848. Catherine married again, to Joseph Hammond, 
vho was Register and Judge of Probate, and had children by him. She 
Oed Aug. 1. 1715. 

Jolin settled in York and afterwards at the Isles of Shoals, where he 
otrried on fisheries. He died 1718. at Star Island, leaving a widow named 
Sanh, and a son Samuel, who inherited the York estate, and two others, 
named Samuel and Ithamer, and one daughter, who married William Fox, 
and three grandsons, the sons of «/bhn, the eldest of whom was named John. 

Elizabeth married William Smith. 

Nidiolas followed the sea, was bpund an apprentice as sailor to Thomas 
Orchard. lie commanded a ship that sailed betw.een Maryland and Ire- 
land. He died at Limerick, Ireland, August, 1673, unmarried, and led his 
estate to the children of his brother Charles and sister Catherine. Ham- 
,Mid claimed of Leighton's children a share of their uncle's legacy for his 
•wn children, and, after a lawsuit, obtained it. 

Mr. Nicholas Frost was an uneducated farmer. His signature to papers 
was with a mark. He was, however, esteemed a trustworthy, judicious 

16 



260 Memoir of Charles Fro9t. [J^y> 

citizen, as appears from the fact of his appointment to responsible offices, as 
constable and selectman. 

Charles FiiosT, who succeeded to the homestead of his father Nich- 
olas, at the head of Sturgeon Creek, became a distinguished man, both in 
civil and military life. In narrating the events of his life, it will be neces- 
sary to connect them with a brief sketch of the political history of Pascata- 
qua, comprising the present towns of Kittery, Elliot, and South Berwick. 
They were designated by the first settlers by local names, as Kittery Point, 
Spruice Creek, now Kittery, Sturgeon Creek, in Elliot, NewichewannidL, 
extending from the mouth of the river at South Berwick to the mills at 
Great Works, so called, Quampegan, still known as such, and Salmon Falls. 
These names were applied to the villages or settlements near them, and 
were all included under the plantation of Pascataqua. In 1647 it was in- 
corporated under the name of Kittery, afler a town of that name in Eng- 
land, where several of the emigrants formerly resided. Berwick was sep- 
arately incorporated in 1723, being for some time previous designated as 
Union Parish. Elliot was separated from Kittery in 1810, and South Ber- 
wick from Berwick in 1824. In 1636 the number of inhabitants in all these 
towns was two hundred, the population of Maine being one thousand four 
hundred. The grand highway of the inhabitants of Pascataqua was on the 
river, to Portsmouth, Dover, and Exeter. 

The first settlement of Pascataqua followed soon afler that of Plymouth. 
In 1622 the Council of Plymouth (England) granted to John Mason and 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges ^^all the lands situated between the rivers Merrimac 
and Kennebec," by the name of " the Province of Laconia." These two 
gentlemen, with some associates, constituting the company of Laconia, 
erected t^alt works at Little Harbor, near Portsmouth, and carried on fish- 
ing and furtrading with the Indians. In 1G24 Ambrose Giljbons built a 
mill at NewicliLnvannick, (South Berwick,) which was soon after managed 
by Humphrey Chadborne. The company appointed Walter Neal their 
agent, who served till 1634, when he was succeeded by Francis Williams. 
Failing of anticipated success, most of the company of Laconia became dis- 
couraged, and sold out to Gorges and Mason, who, in 1634, divided their 
lands, Mason taking New Hampshire, and Gorges taking all eastward of 
the Pascataqua to Kennebeck, which he called New Somersetshire. 

Settlements were made on the eastern shore of the river, at Kittery Point, 
Spruce Creek, Sturgeon Creek, and Newichewannick. Grorges sold to 
Mason a strip of land along the whole length of the river, three miles wide, 
including the mills at South Berwick, but Mason soon died, and this revert- 
ed back to Gorges, and was reannexvjd to Somersetshire. William Gorges, 
nephew of Sir Ferdinando, was appointed governor, and served two years. 
The courts were at this time held at Saco, which was settled earlier. 

The agent of Pascataqua, Williams, was directed to encourage emigra- 
tion from England ; and, between 1634 and 1640, a large number of per- 
sons arrived, among whom were Nicholas Frost and family. It is not 
known precisely what year he arrived, but, from the fact that he was ap- 
pointed to an important office in 1640, it is probable he came much earlier, 
perhaps 1635 or 1636. The settlers were allowed to take up as much land 
as they could fence, by paying two shillings and two and a half per acre, for 
one hundred years. Nicholas Frost took four hundred acres. 

In 1639 Sir Ferdinando Gorges obtained a new diarter under the name 
of the Province or County of Maine. Another nephew of his, Thomas 
Gorges, was appointed deputy governor, with six councillors. The courts 
wtrt htld at Saco and York. In June, 1640, the governor and council 



1849.] Mmair of Oharle$ Froit. 251 

iidd a ocNirt at Saoo^ where, among other ofiicers appointed, was Nicholas 
Frost, as constable of Pascataqua. Sir Ferdinando caused Agatnenticus 
(old York) to be erected into a borough, and soon after into a city, called 
Georgeana, with mayor and aldermen. Being involved in the civil wars 
DOW raging in England, and connected with the prostrated party, he was 
imprisoned during his few remaining days, and his nephew, Governor 
Tbomas Grorges, becoming discontented, resigned his office at the end of 
three years, when his commission expired, and returned home to England, 
kaving Maine without a successor. The council appointed one of their 
namber, a Mr. Vines, as deputy governor, in 1G44. 

A claim had recently been set up to the eastern part of Maine, from 
Eennebunk river to Kennebeck, under what was called the Plough patent, 
by one Rigbjr, of England, who appointed George Cleves as his deputy or 
agent Cleves made interest with Massachusetts, and with the commission- 
en of plantations in England, who decided that Rigby's title was undoubt- 
edly good, and this decision lefl Sir Ferdinando in possession of only the 
land between Kennebunk and Pascataqua rivers. He, however, died soon 
after. 

The whole province of Maine was badly governed, and, after a time, the 
people became desirous of following the example of New. Hampshire, whose 
inhabitants, a few years previous, (1G42,) applied for and obtained annexa- 
tion to Massachusetts. This government was very willing to receive Maine 
in like manner, and, ^'by a plausible construction of their own charter," 
daimed it as their property. The claimants under both Rigby and Gorges, 
tluough their agents, Cleves and Godfrey, though previously opposed to 
each other, united now, in resisting the claim of Massachusetts. But the 
inhabitants under Gorges were anxious for annexation, and it was soon ef- 
fected. In 1G«>2 four commissioners were sent from Boston to Pascataqua, 
or Kittery, as it was now called, where a court was held during four days, 
and, ailer much discussion and altercation, they received the concession of 
ibrty-one persons, among whom were Nicholas Frost and his son, C/utrles 
FrosL 

The other towns west of Kennebunk river immediately followed their 
example, and, in process of time, the towns eastward, in Rigby's patent, 
Mibmitted in like manner. In 1G53 Kittery sent a representative to the 
general court of Massachusetts, and, in 1658, Charles Frosty then 26 years 
of age, was chosen to the office, which he held five years. 

In 1660 Ferdinando Gorges, grandson of the baronet, laid claim to the 
pmvince as heir at law. King Chiirles II. sanctioned the claim, and, in 
1664^ ordered it to be restored to him. Nich<jls, Carr, Cartwright, and Mav- 
erick were directed by the king to demand possession and to hold courts. A 
sharp altercation took place between them and the general court of Massa- 
dmaetts, and they left for Mame without effecting a reconciliation. The king 
wrote a reprimand to the people of Massachusetts and Maine, and required 
them to restore the province to Gorges forthwith. Archdale, an appointed 
agent, made the demand of the Alassachusetts government ; but instead of 
eofliplying, they ordered a county court, consisting of Thomas Danforth and 
others as judges, to be held at York. But on arriving at Portsmouth, the 
court were forbid to enter Maine. They therefore returned to Boston, fo^ 
lowed by the king's comissioners, who were so insolent and overbearing to 
the goTemment as to prevent all further conference. They were soon after 
recalled or dismissed from office. 

The interrupted state of the courts caused by these contentions, left 
Maine without suitable legislation or courts of justice. In 1G68 Massachu- 



Memoir of Cfutrlns JFroat. 



[Wj, 



I 



ntU sent four commissioners to hold ft court in York, where tbey met tbe 
JDsticefl appointed by tbe king's commissionere ready lo hold a court alsa 
At\er much quarrelling tbose of Mnssocbu setts prevailed, and a government 
■ad court were organized in due form. Tbe following year, 1GG9, the 
province, afler a suspension of three years, again sent represeoiativea to tbe 
general court, among whom was Charles Prost of Kitiery. 

The militia of Maine was now organized into sis companies, one of which 
was commanded by Oiarles Frost. 

The Dutch war ensued, which engrossed the attention of ihe king, and 
thus gave Massachusetts a short respite from his interferences. But after 
ft lime tbe claim of Gorgcs's heirs was again renewed, and. to obviiile all 
further trouble from them, it was deemed the wisest policy to buy them 
out This was -effected through the agency of John Usher, fur tbe sum of 
£1200. This procedure displeased llie king, who was Bl the time trying to 
negotiate for it with Gorges's heire, intending it as a place for one of bis 
a.iat favorites. He wrote a repriniauding letter to the governnieut ; but 
tbe bargain was made and compteied, and Gorges's claim fur ever extin- 
guished. 

Although Klaasacbusetts bad by purchase become "the assignee and pro- 
prietor of Maine, yet it was contended that she muel govern it according to 
the stipulations in Gorges's charter," and not ns a cooEtiluent part of her 
own colony. Accordingly it was determined lo restore the form of civil 
Srdministi'ation established by Gorges, subject, however, to the general over- 
sight and direction of her governor and aseislanle. They iliereliire appoint- 
ed, in 1680, a president (Thomas Daoforlh) and six assistants or coundl- 
lore, who were to act as judges of the courts. Among the six councillon 
thus appointed was C/utrfes Front. He was also appointed at tbe Game 
time commander-in-chief of the Maiue regiment. 

Kdward Uandolph, the bitter enemy ol' the colonies, was appointed by the 
crown a)t collector and surveyor. He acted as an emissary and secret in- 
£>rmer against MasBacbusetts, representing her government and people as 
enemies to the authorities in England, and presented grave accusations to 
the throne against her best men, which threatened to result in the uiisetling 
sf her charter. So imminent was the danger of this, that in order lo avoid 
It, she would willingly have relinquished her title to Maine. At length, 
however, the fatal blow was struck. On the .4th of June, 1 6B4, the diartw 
waa adjudged to be forfeited, and tbe liberties of tbe colonies were aeited 
by the crown. Colonel Kirke, a brutal tyrant, was appointed governor, bnl 
Charles 11. died the following February. 1 685, which annulled the appoinl* 
ment before bis arrival, and bis successor, James II., did not incline lo 
renew it.* 

The general court was soon after annihilated by the arrival (May, 1686) 
flf Joseph Dudley as President of New England, with the names of fifteen 
oouncillors, among whom was John Usher and the odious Randolph. In ■ 
few months Dudley was succeeded by Sir Edmond Andros, a man of deS- 
notic temper. He was subsequently commissioned (1688) as President of 
-&e,yt England and New York, and New ,lersey. His council consisted of 
tliirty-nine members, among whom were John Usher and Joseph Dudley. 
His government was arbitrary and despotic. The people chafed under il 
until tbey became desperate. In the spring of 1689 a rumor was spread 
among Uiem that the governor's guards were to be let loose on Boston- 
Thia produoed ao explosion, and early in the morning of April 8, the popo- 



1849.] Mmoir of Charles Frost. 253 

bee RMe in a mass, seized the governor and thirty of his more obnoxious 
partisans, and confined them, some of them twenty weeks. Andros surren- 
dered the keys, but not without some reluctance. 

As soon as Andros was deposed, a general convention was held at Bos- 
ton* which appointed a council of safety, consisting of Danforth, Bradstreet, 
and thirty-four others. In about thirty days after this the joyful news ar- 
liTed, not, however, unexpected, that James had abdicated, and that Wil- 
Sam and Mary had ascended the throne. The council recommended that 
delegates be chosen by towns, and, accordingly, fifty-four towns were repre- 
Msted at Boston, May 22d, who voted "to resume the government accord- 
ing to charter rights," and they appointed Bradstreet governor, and Dan- 
faith lieutenant governor. 

Danforth had presided over Maine as a province, assisted by Giarles 
Ffotlt Francis Hooke, and others, for the term of six years. But Maine, 
Eke Massachusetts, was involved in the overturning and arbitrary measures 
of Dudley and Andros, under whose administration courts were held at 
Tork by William Stoughton, John Usher, and others. The council of safe- 
\j now reinstated the former governor and council of Maine, namely, Dan- 
mth. Frosty Hooke, and others. They also appointed and ^ commissioned 
Ckarles Frost to command the western regiment, and Edward Tyng the 
flutem regiment of Maine.** 

The province was soon aAer reannexed as a constituent part of Massa- 
dmsetts, and remained so for more than a century. Charles Frost wns 
appointed in 1693 one of the three councillors from Maine, which office he 
ML till his death, in 1697. 

It may serve to illustrate the customs of early times in respect to drink- 
iig, to insert an ordinance of the court in 1690, soon after Danforth was 
deposed, and to relievo the fatiguing detail of dates and events which we 
have now passed through. '^July 15, 1690. In the court of sessions of the 
peace for the Province of Maine, held at York before Major John Davis, 
Deputy president. Major CharUs Frost, Captain Francis Hooke, and John 
Wincoln, Justices. Whereas, there is great complaint made of several 
abuses taken notice of in ordinaries, by excessive drinking of rum, flip, and 
other strong liquor, the ill consequences of which are seen in the misbe- 
havior of several persons in the presence of authority ; for the preventing 
of the like in future it is therefore ordered, that if any ordinary or tavern 
keeper should sell any rum, flip, or other strong drink, to an inhabitant of 
the town, except in case of sickness or necessity, or more than one gill to a 
Mranger, he should forfeit his licence."* 

The foregoin<]; sketch of the political history of the western part of Maine 
daring Major Frost's life, and of the services he rendered in various re- 
sponsible offices, exhibits clearly the high estimation in which he was held 
ly his fellow citizens and the government His military services remain 
to be noticed. Trained from childhood to agricultural employments and to 
the still more invigorating toils of the hunter, and removed from the ener- 
Tating influences of polished life, he acquired the stamina of body and mind 
vbieh fitted him for the arduous and perilous duties of savage warfare. 
The howling of wolves around his father's cabin was his evening enter- 
tainment, and, from the neighboring hill-top, his morning vision could sur- 
vey the curling smoke arising from numerous Indian villages on the tribu- 
tary streams of the Pascataqua. The savage yell and war whoop awakened 
DO fearful throbbings in his youthful heart, but rather served to enkindle a 

* Collections of the Maine Historical Society. 



264 Mmair of Charles FroH. [J^J* 

2eal for daring and heroic achievements. He early evinced a fondness for 
military exercises and parade, and being enrolled as a soldier at sixteen, he 
gradually rose, through successive grades, to be commander-in-chief of the 
militia of Maine. 

His early fondness for the use of firearms led him, at the age of fourteen, 
to an accidental deed which occasioned great sorrow to himself and others. 
He unintentionally killed a comrade, named Warwick Heard. He submit^ 
ted himself at once for trial by a jury, which took place at Wells, July 6, 
1646. The jury were ordered by the court to inquire whether the killing 
was from malice, or accidental, or a misadventure. They reported that 
"they find that Charles Frost did kill Warwick Heard by misadventure, 
and acquit him by proclamation." 

It was the practice of the militia of Maine to train in companies six times 
a year, and to have general musters once in two years. The county records 
contain the following account of a sentence passed upon a soldier in 1674 
by the court, which may interest the reader. "Richard Gibson complained 
of for his dangerous and mutinous conduct towards his commander Captain 
Charles Frost, which misbehaviour appearing in court, the court order as 
follows, 1. that the said Gibson, for strikifTg Captain Frost at the bead of 
his company, is appointed to receive, by John Parker senior, twenty-five 
stripes on the bare skin, which were this day given him in presence of the 
court. And further, considering the insolence of the said Gibson's behav- 
iour in the premises, it is further ordered that Captain Frost shall have and 
is empowered by warrant, to call before him the said Richard Gibson, the 
next training day at Kittery, and whither he is to order him to be laid neck 
uid heels together at the head of his company for the time of two hours, or 
to ride the wooden horse at tlie head of the company, which of these pun- 
ishments Captain Frost slmll see meet to appoint ; and, for the said Gib- 
son's multiplying of oaths, he is fined 20 shillings ; and, for being drunk is 
fined 10 shillings, and to ])ay all charges of court, and to stand committed 
until the sentence be performed; and further, the said Gibson is required 
to give bonds for his good behaviour of £20. that the said Gibson shall be 
of good behaviour towards all persons, and more especially towards Captain 
Frost, until the next county court, and that the said Gibson shall appear at 
Kittery, when required by Captain Frost, there to perform the order of 
court, and further that he pay to the county treasurer 82 shillings. James 
Warren, as abettor, is sentenced to ride the wooden horse."* 

Military discipline was practised among the settlers, in anticipation of a 
war on the seaboard, rather than against savages from the interior. Perfect 
peace had existed with these during the first forty years of the settlement, 
with the exception of a short conflict with the Pequods, in the year 1 636. in 
which the people of Maine scarcely participated. But the time was arriving 
when a savage war was suddenly to break out in every part of New Eng- 
land. Its approach was foreseen and predicted by the Indian Sagamore 
Knowles, who resided at Quampegan, in South Berwick, and was Sachem or 
governor of the tribe that previously occupied the shores of the Pascataqua. 
•*In 1670, when Knowles was bed rid of sickness and age, he complained 
of the great neglect with which the English treated him. At length he 
sent a message to some of the ])rincipal men of Kittery to visit him. ' Being 
loaded with years,' as he told them, 'I had expected a visit in my infirmi- 
ties, especially from those who are now tenants on the land of my fathers. 
Though all these plantations are of right my children's, I am forced, in this 

♦ York County Records. 



1849.] JHemair of Charles JFrott. 255 

age of evils, hambly to request a few acres of land to be marked out for 
tbeniy and recorded as a public act in the town books, so that when I am 
gone they may not be perishing beggars in the pleasant places of their 
birth. For I know that a great war will shortly break out between the 
white men and Indians over the whole country. At first the Indians will 
kill many and prevail, but after three years they will be great sufferers, and 
finally be rooted out and destroyed.' This was sworn to by Major Richard 
Waldron, Captain Charles Frost, and Rev. Joshua Moody, who were pres- 
ent and heard it." 

The war of King Phillip began in 1675, five years after the date of 
Frost's commission as captain, and of Roger Plaisted's as his lieutenant. 
The former had immediate charge of the garrisons at Sturgeon Creek, (£1- 
Bot,) where he resided, and the latter of Salmon Falls and Quampegan. 
The first alarm of Phillip's war was in June, 1676, and spread like wildfire, 
hi twenty days the fiame broke out on the Kennebeck river. Depredations 
nd morders were committed by numerous parties of savages in quick suc- 
eenion upon the scattered settlements. In September a party approached 
Dnrfaam, near Dover, killed two and took captive two. A few days after 
tbef attacked the house of one Tozier, at Newiehewannick, (South Berwick) 
which contained fifteen women and children, all of whom, with the exception 
of two children, were saved by the intrepidity of a girl of eighteen. On 
teeing the Indians approach the house, she shut the door and braced herself 

S'nst it till the others escaped to the next house, which was better secured. 
Indians chopped the door down with hatchets, and knocking her down, 
left her for dead ; but she recovered. They murdered several other per- 
aoQB, and burnt houses. The inhabitants were panic struck and fied to the 
gttrisons, where they lived in constant fear of an attack. 

On the 16th of October, 1675, they made an onset upon Salmon Falls, 
lieotenant Plaisted sent out a party of seven from his garrison to recon- 
noitre. They fell into an ambush and three were killed, the rest retreated. 
The next day, Plaisted, venturing out with his team to bring in the dead 
ibr burial, was waylaid and fell into another ambush. He and his son were 
killed, and another son mortally wounded. In the midst of the fight he 
deipatched messengers to his superior otiicers, Major Waldron of Dover, 
tad Captain Frost, imploring their aid and their prayers, but their aid 
ttme too late.* The gallantry of Plaisted arrested the progress of the In- 
dians for a time, and Captain . Frost had an opportunity to bury the dead 
vomolested. 

But the Indians soon returned, and, destroying other lives and dwellings, 
they proceeded to Sturgeon Creek and burnt a house and killed two men. 
The house of Captain Frost being a little remote from neighbors and un- 
fcrtified, was marked out by them for destruction. ** He was a short dis- 

* The following letter is preserved in Habbard's most valnablo History of the Indiaa 
Wan, Part ii. p. 23, Boston edition, 4to, 1677. 

, ^Salmon Falls October 16. 1075. Mr. Richard Waldem and Lieut. Coffin, these are to 
II^Nin jon, that jast now the Indians are engaging m with at least one hundred men. And 
mitt tlain four of our men already, Ilichard Tozer, Jamet Bamy, Jgaark BotteSj and Jhxeri 
^and burnt Benoni HodtdarCe houte; Sir. if ever you have any love for us, and the 
Goantry, now show your self with men to help ug, or else wc arc all in great danger to be 
''^ unless our God ufonderfulty apphar for our Deliverance. They that cannot fight, let 
^ pray ; Not else, but I Btest, Yours to serve yon 

Signed by Roger Plaisted, 

George Broughton," 

For more full aocountJ* of those times of terror the reader is referred to the author above 
cited, to Belknap's " New Hampshire," and WUliamson's " Maine" — Ep. 



26ft Mmnair of Charle9 Frotk [J1I7, 

tance from it when attacked, and narrowly escaped the effect of ten sholi 
aimed at him. There were only three bojs with him in the house," (prob- 
ably his sons) ^'yet he had the forethought and prudence to give out audible 
words of command, as if a body of Indians was with him — load quick! Bn 
there ! that's well ! brave men ! — a stratagem which saved themselves and 
the house,"* 

The Indians proceeded down the shore of the Pascataqua, and thenec 
eastward through York, burning houses and killing people wherever they 
found them unguardedi so that in the short period of three months, eight} 
lives were taken, a great many houses plundered and burnt, and ft»*^"»flU 
killed. 

Frost wrote to his commander, Major Waldron, at Dover, for permissioi] 
to garrison his house, which he was directed to do, and to keep a ccmstanl 
guard and watch. 

As the winter approached, the Indians found themselves destitute of am- 
munition and provisions and in danger of starvation. All the neighborin| 
Sagamores, from Dover to Casco, sued for peace, which, being granted b^ 
Waldron, they were quiet for seven months, till August, 1 67G, in whia 
month the war at the west terminated by the death of King Phillip. Some 
of his adherents fled from the conquered tribe to the eastward, and mixed 
with their brethren of Penacook, (Concord, N. H.,) O^sipee, PickwadLct, 
(Fryeburg,) and Saco. Others mixed with the Eennebeck and Amoriscogeo 
tribes, which were ravaging all the eastern settlements of Maine. 

Waldron and Frost received orders this same month to kill and destroy 
all hostile Indians, and two companies, commanded by Captains Hawthorn 
and Sill> were sent from Boston to Maine with like orders. On their way 
thither they came to Dover, September 6lh, 1676, where four hundred 
mixed Indians were assembled at the garrison of Major Waldron, with 
whom they had made peace, and whom they considered their friend and 
father. Hawthorn and Sill were for attacking them at once, but Waldron 
objected to it, and contrived to take tliem by stratagem. He proposed to 
the Indians to have a sham-fight, and, on the following day, summoned bb 
men with Captain Frost and his men, who were at Pascataqua. They, in 
conjunction, formed one party, and the Indians another. Having diverted 
them a while in this manner with manoeuvres, and induced the Indians to 
fire the first volley, they surrounded and seized the whole of them with pe- 
culiar dexterity, excepting two or three, before they could form a suspicioQ 
of what they intended, and disarmed them without the loss of a man on 
either side. They then separated those known to be friendly, and dismissed 
them. The strangers from the south and west, amounting to three hundred, 
were sent to Boston to be dealt with judicially, seven or eight of whom be- 
ing known to have killed Englishmen, were hanged ; the remainder were 
sold into foreign slavery. Public opinion has ever been divided as to the 
propriety of the whole affair. Be that as it may, the two leading officers 
concerned in it, Waldron and Frost, after a lapse of many years, paid the 
forfeit of their lives at the hands of savages, who always spoke of the strat- 
agem as a base yankee trick. f 

Two days after this surprisal the forces proceeded eastward, but they 
found the settlements all deserted or destroyed, and they soon returned and 
made an excursion to Ossipy ponds, which proved alike fVuitless. 

After a time an Indian named Mogg came in and proposed peace ; hot 
it was soon violated, and no alternative was left but to renew hostilities. 

* WQUsmsoo's History of Maine. t Belknap. 



1849.] Mmair qf Charles Frost. 257 

Aoeordinglj in Febroary following, 1677, Waldron and FroBt, with one 
hnndred and fifty men, sailed from Boston eastward. Public prayers were 
dlered on the day of their departure. They landed at Brunswick, where they 
held a parley with Indians, who promised to bring in captives that afler- 
Booo. But no more was heard of them till the next day, when there was 
seen a flotilla of canoes approaching, who menaced a scouting party sent 
towards the place of landing. But Captain Frost attacked them from an 
unexpected quarter, killing and wounding several. This led to another 
ptriey, which resulted in the recovery of none of the promised captives. 
Hiey then sailed to the mouth of the Kennebeck, and held a parley with 
an assemblage of Indians on shore. '*It was mutually agreed to lay aside 
amis, and to negotiate for the ransom of prisoners. The Indians demanded 
twelve beaver skins for each, with some good liquor, but only three captives 
coald be obtained. Another parley was proposed, when Waldron, Frosif 
and three others landed under a mutual promise that no weapons should be 
worn on either side. But Waldron espied the point of a lance under a 
board, and searching further, found other weapons, and taking and bran- 
dishing one towards them exclaimed. Perfidious wretches ! you intended to 
get our goods and then kill us, did you ? They were thunder struck. Yet 
one more daring than the rest seized the weapon and strove to wrest it from 
Waldron's hand. A tumult ensued, in which his life was much endangered. 
Ci^itain Frost laid hold of Megunnaway, one of the barbarous murderers of 
Thomas Bracket and neighbors, and dragged him into his vessel. Mean- 
while an athletic squaw caught up a bundle of guns and ran for the woods. 
At that instant a reinforcement arrived from the vessels, when the Indians 
Nattered in all directions, pursued by the soldiers. In this affray Sagamore 
Kaltahonse and an old powow and five other Indians were killed, %ve were 
capsized in a canoe and drowned, and five others were captured. One 
thousand pounds of beef were taken, and some other booty. Megunnaway, 
grown hoary in crimes, was shot"* 

They left a garrison of forty men near the mouth of the Kennebeck, un- 
der Ci4>tain Davis, and returned to Boston, March 11, without the loss of a 



A few days after they sailed from the Kennebeck. eleven of the forty 
aen they left there were cut off in an ambush, and the others were ordered 
to other forts at Casco and Saco. Seventy men were now ordered eastward 
from Pascataqua, under Captain Swaine, to afford relief. On the 7th of 
April, seven men were killed in the fields near York, and six in Wells, 
three at Black Point, and in May, another attack was made on York, in 
which four were killed and two taken prisoners. In June, (1677,) two 
hundred and forty men were sent to Black Point, under Major Swett, sixty 
of whom, with their commander, fell in an encounter with the enemy. The 
Indians next tried their fortune upon fishing vessels along the shore, be- 
tween Wells and Casco, (Portland,) and succeeded in capturing twenty. 
During all this spring and summer Captain Frost was constantly engaged 
in superintending the garrisons of the county of York. 

In April he received the following, from General Dennison, the com- 
mander-in-chief. 

To Capttin Charles Frost — 

Yon are hereby aathorised to take under your command and conduct fiAy foot soldiers 
herewith sent yoa of the county of Essex and Norfold — commanding them to obey you 
is their captain, whom yon are to lead and conduct against the common ^nemy now in- 

* Wniiamson^s Histoiy of Maine. 



258 Mrnmar cf Ohariea FroH. [J^7f 

festing Yorkshire, whom jou are with alUdilij^iice to pursue and destroy as also to succor 
and assist the English of Wells, York Neechiwannick or elsewhere, as joa shall have op- 
portunity. And the said soldiers are hereby required to attend your onlers and commands 
for the prosecution of the enemy as abov^aid, according to the rules and orders of raiti- 
tary discipline, and you are to attend such orders & instructions as from time to time yoa 
shall receive from myself or other superior authority and for so doing this shall be your 
warrant. 
Dated April 12 1677. Daniel Dennison Major General. 

Instructions accompanying the above are contained in page 23 of the Jan- 
uary number of this volume, being paper No. II. 

Such were the calamities and distresses in the spring and summer of 
1677, whenran unexpected relief came, by the arrival of a force at Kenne- 
beck, sent by Sir Edmond Andros, from New York, acting under a claim 
to the territory from the Duke of York. Finding the Indians pacific, the 
commander obtained the release of fifteen captives and soma vessels. Dur- 
ing the autumn and winter following, no further ravages were committed. 
In the spring (April) a treaty was negotiated by Major Shapleigh, (who 
succeeded Major Frost as commander,) at Portsmouth, in which it was 
stipulated that all captives should be released without ransom ; former in- 
habitants to return to their homes and live unmolested, but were to pay a 
peck of com yearly, each family. Thus ended King Phillip's war in Maine; 
a war in which two hundred and sixty were killed or taken captive east of 
the Pascataqua, a vast number of houses burnt, animals slaughtered, and 
property plundered. 

The next year, 1678, Charles Frost, with two others, represented Maine 
in the geniend court, from which time he continued in the office and in at^ 
tending to his private affairs, until he was appointed by the governor and 
council of Massachusetts one of the eight members of the provincial council 
of Maine, to act under Gorges's charter, which Massacliusetts had assumed. 
The council consisted of Bryant Pendleton, Charles Frost, Francis Ilooke, 
John Davis, Samuel Wheel wright, Edward Tyng, and Jol.n Wincoln. 

The arrival of Dudley and Andros, in 1G88, as Presidents of New Eng- 
land, superseded the provincial government of Maine, which had lasted six 
years. Dan forth and his council were proscribed, and very little is heard 
of Frost until Andros was overthrown, April 18tli, 1G89, after a reign of 
one or two years. It was during the last year of this reign, 1689, that 
another Indian war broke out. which went by the name of King William's 
war, and lasted ten years. No sooner was Andros depose d than the pro- 
vincial government of Maine, consisting of Danforth, Frost, and others, who 
had been proscribed by Andros, were reinstated, and the limes being peril- 
ous as in the former war, led to the appointment of Charles Frost as com- 
mander of the military forces in Maine. 

The war of King William began in August, 1688, in North Yarmouth 
and Kennebeck. In April following, Dover was taken by stratagem and 
mostly destroyed. Major Waldron was inhumanly tortured in a savage 
manner. Twenty-three persons were killed and twenty-nine carried into 
captivity. The seizure of four hundred Indians in that phice **more than 
twelve years before was a transaction never to be forgotten, never to be 
forgiven by savages." Some of those sold in IJoston as slaves and sent into 
distant lands had probably returned, and were bent on nivenge. It was 
unfortunate for Major Frost that he was obliged to aid Waldron in the cap- 
ture of the four hundred, as it cost him his life ere the present war termi- 
nated. 

Being in command of the western regiment, and liavinj; the forts and 
garrisons under his special care, Frost was not ordered eastward, that sec- 



1849.] Mmair of OharUa FrotL 259 

tion of Maine being placed under the more immediate command of Dudley 
Tjng. Major Swaine was sent, with six hundred militia, to the eastward, 
accompanied bj Colonel Church, who had signalized himself in King Phil- 
lip's war at the west. He was appointed by Andros to lead the forces 
against the Indians at Brunswick and Kennebeck, and was continued in the 
same service afler Andros was deposed. But Church's success in his five 
eastern expeditions fell short of public expectation. 

Major Frost's presence was greatly needed at the western part of Maine. 
Only a few days before the date of his commission, August, 1689, the In- 
dians entered at Salmon Falls, (Berwick) under the command of Hartel, a 
Frenchman, with a force of Indians and French, killed thirty-four brave 
men and carried away captive fifty-four persons, mostly women and chil- 
dren, and plundered and burnt the houses and mills. In the following 
8pring they revisited Brunswick and Dover, killing and destroying what 
was left, and extending their ravages to Sturgeon Creek, where Frost re- 
sided, and to many places on the opposite shore of the Pascataqua. 

When Colonel Church left Boston for Casco, with two hundred and fifty 
men, to join Colonel Swaine, he took with him a mandatory letter to the 
military commanders in Maine, from Presid^t Danforth, (then in Boston, 
as j^resident of the board of commissioners of the united colonies,) requiring 
them to supply him with men and means, which Major Frost promptly 
obeyed; and the following May, 1690, he received orders to detach one 
hundred men for Port Royal, near Portland, to serve under Captain Wil- 
lard, many of whom were drawn into an ambush and slain by savages. It 
would seem, in fact, that Major Frost, residing as he did in the town nearest 
to Boston, was employed as a sort of general agent, or secretary of war for 
the province of Maine, all orders being transmitted through him. The fol- 
lowing is his commission as commander of the Maine forces, which he con- 
tinned to hold till his death. 

The President of the Province of Majne in New England. 
To Major Charles Fcost. 

Whereas you are appointed Seret. Major of the military fforces in the Province. These 
%re in their Majesties names to antnorise and require yon to take into joar care and con- 
duct the said military forces, and diligently to intend that service as Scrj^ent Major, by 
Governing and exercisin<; the military forces of said Province as the Law directeth. Com- 
taandinj; the Militia of said Province that they observe and obey all such orders and direc- 
tions as from time to time yon shall receive from the president or other superior authority . 

In Testimony whereof I have herennto put my hand and seal the 2dd day of August in 
the year 1689, Anno<iue R. B. et Regina Willielmi et Marine Anglica primo. 

Thomas Danforth President. 

Particular instructions accompanying the above are published in the 
January, number, page 24, paper No. IV. 

By constant vigilance on the part of Major Frost, the east shore of the 
Pascataqua was preserved from savage incursions. His soldiers were con- 
stantly on the alert, scouting about the borders of the towns. The eastern 
towns were deserted. Some removed to Salem, others to the fort at "Wells, 
but a great many were butchered or carried into captivity, so that before 
the war ended, the number killed eastward of Pascataqua amounted to 
four hundred and fifty, and two hundred and fifty were made captives. All 
the towns and settlements except Wells and Pascataqua were overrun, the 
former commanded by Major Converse, and the latter by INIajor Frost. 

In lG9o the war raged with increased barbarity. Spies were usually 
sent by the Indians to reconnoitre, before the enemy approached places in- 
tended for destruction, who lurked about the woods, and required a constant 
ward and watch. The following letter to Lieutenant Hill gives an idea of the 
vigilance and circumspection necessary to be observed in these trying times. 



260. Memoir of Charlea FroO. [Joljr, 

April: S: IMS 
Leinft Hill 

Last night a Litle after sun sett Noah Emory was coming from SitteiT to Stomoa 
Creke & by the waie sid herd som crackling of stioLes : & herd a man whissell : npoiLwhich 
he stopt under a bash : and went an other waie: John Smith coming after him saw a man 
nere Storgion Creke brid^ who ran a waie down the creke: Smith being on horse back 
came to my Garison — this morning I sent ont som men who saw the Indian track at the 
same place where Noah Emercy herd him whissell — Kepe out scouts about the borders 
of the towne : I will send out from hence : all or souldiers at the banke are drawen of 
those yt belong to you are sent up : dispose of them to such garisons at present as you 
thinke fitt: I akye given two of them liberty to goe home for a few day«9 : 

In hast I Ronaine yor : Lo : freind 
fSuperscribed] Charles Ffrost major 

Ffor Leiut John Hill 

At Newitchawoneck 

Hast Post Hast 

This Lieutenant Hill was soon after stationed at Fort Mary, in Saoo» as 
commander. The letter designated as No. X., on p. 164 of the April number, 
was addressed to him while there, and was written soon afler the eowardlj 
surrender of Fort Pemaquid, on the Kennebeck, and' when the combined 
force of French and Indians had devastated the whole province of Maine, 
with the exception of Wells, York, and Pascataqua, and when it was feared 
by the government in Boston that even these would be destroyed by a mer- 
ciless foe. 

The fort at Saco was not surrendered by Hill, although all the inhab- 
itants of the town were driven away or killed, and many of Hill's soldiers 
were waylaid and murdered while venturing out of the fort 

In June following a party of Indians placed themselves near the town of 
Exeter, and would have destroyed it but for the 6ring of a gun by some 
one who wished to frighten some women and children who had gone out to 
gather strawberries. It however alarmed and brought together the people, 
with arms. The Indians, supposing they were discovered, after killing one 
and taking another, made a hasty retreat and were seen no more untU the 
4th of July, when they waylaid Captain Frost. 

It would require a volume to describe the many ambuscades, encounters, 
murders, conflagrations, and captivities that occurred during the ten years' 
war of King William, and it would exceed our limits even to name them in 
the brief manner we have those in King Phillip's war, which lasted only 
three or four years. Major Frost was constantly and actively engaged in 
military service till 1693, when he was chosen one of the governor's council. 
Afler this he was employed between sessions in guarding the forts and gar- 
risons about Kittery, and in ordering out scouts and in transmitting the or- 
ders of government to the various military stations throughout the province. 
But the hour was approaching when his own life was to be offered a sacri- 
fice to appease the long stifled and festering revenge of merciless savages, 
for aiding in the Dover stratagem. He was always attentive to his duties 
as a Christian professor, as well as those of the soldier and statesman, and 
was constant in his attendance on public worship when other duties permit- 
ted. On Sabbath morning, July 4, 1697, he expressed an unusually strong 
desire to go with his family to his wonted place of worship at Newichewan- 
nick, a distance of ^ve miles. His wife and two sons, Charles and John, 
with some friends, accompanied him. On their return homeward, and with- 
in a mile of his dwelling, a volley of musketry was suddenly discharged at 
them, which brought several of them to the ground. It was the work of a 
party of Indians hid by the wayside under a large log, in which they had 
stuck a row of green boughs. The sona had passed ahead and escaped. 



1849.] Mmair of OharUi JProH. 261 

SeTenl versions are given bj historians of this closing scene in Major 
Frosts life. One states that the Migor, his wife, and two footmen were 
killed ; another that nearly the whole partj were killed ; and another that 
three were killed and several woanded. A recent discovery of a letter 
written bj a relative, Lieutenant Storer, immediatelj after the funeral, 
which he attended, gives a particular account of the whole tragedy, which 
ean be relied on. It was written to Major Frost's son-in-law, Capt. Hill, 
who commanded the fort at Saco, and was found in an old chest of papers 
that had lain seventy years in a garret in South Berwick. It states that 
the Major, John Heard's wife, and Danes Downing were killed, and John 
Heard wounded, and they next day killed the messengers who were sent to 
Wells.* 

Such was the death of Major Charles Frost, after a career of distin- 
guished activity and usefulness, both civil and military. The incidents of 
his life are gathered from scanty records, authentic traditions, and from 
descriptions of scenes and events in history, in which he is casually men- 
tioned as having participated. To correct and arrange these materials in 
chronological order, after a lapse of nearly two centuries, was a laborious 
undertaking ; and to present them free from errors, both of omission and 
commission, is neither pretended nor practicable. We have done the best 
our limited means would permit — to relate facts, in order to rescue from 
oblivion the name of a prominent piotieer of the wilderness, whose memory 
deserves the veneration of his numerous descendants. 

It remains to speak of his family and descendants. He married, at the 
age of forty-four, Mary, daughter of Joseph BoUes of Wells, who survived 
him seven years, and bore him three sons and six daughters. He followed 
the example of his father in nattiing his sons Charles, John, and Nicholas. 
Hu daughters, named Sarah, Abigail, Mehitable, Lydia, Mary, and Eliza- 
beth, all settled and were prosperous in life. 

Charles, the oldest son, married Sarah Wainwright, and had nine chil- 
dren. By a second wife, who was Jane E. Pepperrell, widow of Sir Wil- 
liam's brother Andrew, he had one child. He was deacon of a church, 
Begister and Judge of Probate, and commander of a regiment of militia. 
He resided on the homestead of his father. Major Frost, whose remains 
Tppose in the roar of his house, and the premises continue still in possession 
cf the name. 

Hnn. John Frost, second son of Major Charles, married ^fary, sister of 
Sir William Pepperrell, and had sixteen children. He died 1732. She 
married again, the Rev. Dr. Colman of Boston, and afterwards Judge Pres- 
cott of Danvers. Mr. Frost commanded a British ship of war, afterwards 
became a merchant at Newcastle, and was in political life, being one of the 
governor's council. His son John was Register of Deeds for York county, 
(Me.) and the office continued in the family nearly fifty years. He was 
commissary in the Revolutionary War, during which no less than four or 
five of his family held offices on land and sea, among whom was his son 
John, usually cahed Brigadier, who was a colonel in t^e army, and who left 
a numerous family, John Frost, LL. D, of Philadelphia, being a grandson. 
Two other sons of Hon. John Frost (William and Joseph) were merchants 
at New Castle. Their descendants in Portsmouth and elsewhere are highly 
respectable. Another son, named George, settled in Durham, and was a 
judge and member of Congress. Another, named Charles, was a prominent 
man in Portland ; died while a representative. One daughter, Sarah, mar- 

* See page 16.\ of the last number. 



VUnni BmjiiHg- QrwmA . 



[July, 



ried Bev. Jobn Blunt of New CJMtle, and after his decease, Mi^ John 
Hill of South Berwick, a jodge of the court and member of the governor's 
ooonciL 

The descendants of the Bev. John Blont are nomerons; manj of them 
reside in Portsmouth. One branch, consisting of Joseph and Nathaniel, 
lawyers, and Edmond and Greorge, merchants, resides in New York. A 
daughter of Bev. John, named Abigail, married William Parsons, Esq., of 
Alfred, whose youngest son prepared this account of the Frosts. 

NuAoIm Frost, the youngest son of Mi^r Charles, died early in life and 
left a widow, but no children. 

Miyor Charles Frost left a large estate by will to his widow and children, 
4ated 1690. 



WOBUBN BUBYING-GBOUND. 

[Oommunicated by Mr. N. Wtman, Jb. — Continiied from p. 14S.] 



Winn 
Wyman 
Boardman 
Richardson 

u 

Thompson 
Carter 
Holding 
Pierce 

M 

Snow 

Brooks 

Wyman 

Thompson 

Bichardson 

Snow 

Bichardson 

Thompson 

Pierce 

Brooks 

M 

Pool 

BichardsoD 

Thompson 

Tyng 



U 



Itartwel 

Beed 

Sjmmes 

Brooks 

Bichardson 

Thompson 



Timothy 

Susanna wid. of Ensign Samuel 

Martha wid. of Andrew, of Boston, 

Deac. Stephen 

Asa 

Jonathan, of Medford| 

Thomas 

John, Jr., ^ 

Mary w. of Josiah, Jr., 

Marj d. of Josiah & Marj 

]^£ary, d. of Isaac &, Phebe 

Benjamin s. of Benjamin & Susanna 

Jesse 

Haunah 

Sussanna w. of Elazer 

Zachariah s. of Timothy «Sb Lydia 

Samuel 

Benjamin 

Hannah d. of Josiah & Hannah 

Elisalett d: of Nathan & Elisalett 



it 



u 



u 



Jan 5 1752 65y 
Nov 24 1752 65 
Aug 25 1752 54 
Feb 4 1752 79 
Mar 17 1752 89 
June 9 1752 62 
Mar 17 1753 06 
Jan 23 1753 ^Ij 28 days 
Nov 11 1753 36 
Dec 28 1753 2m 2d 
Dec 8 1753 7y 
I^Iay 17 1753 3y 
Nov 2 1754 23y 6 
June 16 1754 37y 
Oct 7 1754 39y 
Sept 21 4754 3Gy 
Sept 3 1754 84y 
Nov 7 1755 25 
Oct 23 1755 27 
Feb 12 1755 8 raos 
June 8 1755 10 week 
Feb 8 1755 63 
Apr 17 1755 38 
Mar 11 1755 72y 



Jonathan, Esq., 

Eleazer 

Mary w. of Ebenezer 

Judeth wid. of Col. Jonathan, formerly 

wife to the Bev. Jabez Fox, June 5 1756 99y 

"A woman of most exalted vertue & Piety, 
Bich in Grace & Ripe for Glory." 



Esther d. of Noah <& Phebe Mar 15 

Noah June 23 

Buhamah wid. of Joseph July 1 1 

Deac George Jan 20 

Buth w. of William Mar 1 6 

Nathan Jan 2G 

Jonathan July 16 
Either w. of Abgah «<died of Small pox,'' Jan 3 



1756 17y 
1756 54y 
1756 78y 
1756 96y 
1758 

1758 30y 

1759 63y 
1761 21 



1849.] 



VMuffi Buryinff'Chraimd. 



268 



Walker 

Giles 

Richardson 



u 
u 



** 01i« now behold j« blooming yonne & fidr 
So joor sad picture & ^nr peried nere, 
How soon your beauties yanish from your 

fonne 
Fall into dost & mingle with y* wormes." 

Esther w. of Edward 

John 

Noah 

Lucy d. of Noah & Phebe 

Doct^ Edmund 

** Behold all ye that do pass by, 
As Toa are now, so once was I, 
Ani as yon see that here I be, 
Prepare for death & follow me.'* 

Hannah d. of Josiah & Hannah 

Abigail w. of John 

Henry 

Lieut. Samuel 

William 

Betty w. of Josiah 

Lydia Wid. of Timothy 

Zehidiah s. of Zebidiah & Esther 

Ebenezer 

Judeth w. of Deac Samuel 

S:irah w. of Timothy 

Sarah d. of Noah St Phebe 

Sussanna wid. to Lieut. Samuel 

Abigail d. of Noah & Phebe 

Huldah w. of Nathan 

Isaac 

Ichabod 

Samuel s. of Obidiah & Elisalett 

Margaret w. of Capt. Samuel 

Benjamin 

** A lovinjf hnsband to his wife, 
A Tender Parent, two, 
Greatly lamented was his death 
By friend & kindred two, 
The Lord was Pleased to Coll him home, 
And by a snding blow, 
^T was by the falling of a tree 
To His lA)ng Home did go, 
And now he slumbers in the Dnst, 
And will not rise before 
The Lord the Judge Descends, from Heayen 
And time shall be no more.*' 

Sussanna w. of Abraham 

"Behold all ye that do pass by me 
In silence hear I ly 
And as yon see that hear I be, 
So certain yu must dy, 
This call tlien heare K>r death prepare, 
Kow in your Youthful day. 
the Lord doeth call upon you all 
How dangres is delay." 

Sichardson Jed u than d. of Tho' Sc Mary 



Pierce 

Symmes 

Gardner 

Kendall 

Symmes 

Brooks 

Snow 

Richitrdson 

Converse 

Eames 

Winn 

Bichardson 

Fowle 

^chardson 

Wyman 

Brooks 

lEUchardson 

XendaU 

Carter 

Brooks 



Skinn 



er 



Sept 23 1761 65y 
Jan 20 1761 70y 
Jan 6 1761 33y 
July 21 1761 24 
May 30 1761 29 



Dec 

Mar 

Dec 

Dec 

May 

July 

Apr 

Jan 

Sept 

Jan 

Jan 

Dec 

Sept 

July 

May 

Mar 

May 

Feb 

Sept 

Jan 



24 1762 
28 1762 

16 1763 
18 1764 
24 1764 

3 1764 

27 1764 

4 1764 
6 1765 

10 1766 

17 1767 
9 1767 

21 1768 
23 1768 

28 1768 
23 1768 
12 1768 

22 1768 
27 1769 
6"^ 1769 



6*^y 

28y 

66y 

83y 

86 

20y 

81y 

5 mo 

56y 

71y 

25y 

22y 

35y 

26y 

68y 

38y 

63y 

4*^ 

71y 

52y • 



Jan 8 1769 23y 



Feb 29 1769 26 days 



264 



Woiiim. JSmyinff-Oromid. 



[Wy, 



Carter 
Fox 



Richardson 
Wyman 



Carter 

Richardson 

Wjman 



Eames 
Wyman 



(( 



Brooks 

Richardson 

Brooks 



Eames 
Thompson 



Carter 
Snow 
Carter 
Richardson 



Lieut Jabez July 10 1771 71/ 

Abigail w. of William, ^ d. of Deac. 
.Sam\ Wyman, Oct 26 1771 28y 

" Ah behold how dof die 
beine yoang and ftiU in bloom, 
another dis Ming very old, 
whom agw commandfl to remine home, 
O crael death. 
Ah what awaits thy rage, 
thou shoest respect, to 
Tertoe, now to age." 



Rebeckah w. to Thomas 
Abigail w. of Deac. Samuel 

"Here 7* wife of my Tonth y* delight 
of my eyes." 

Abigail wid. of Lieut Jabez 

Thomas 

Nathan ^ 

** He was a kind husband, A Tender Parent, 
A Good master, a Faithful Friend. 
A Generous neighbour charitable to 
the Poor, Prudent & diligent in his worldly 
affairs, a premoter of peace in the Church 
& State, upright & honest in his dealings 
with roan, constant senciere & devoted in the 
Worship of God, useful in life peaceAil & 
happy in death." 

Nathaniel, s. of Jacob & Racheal 

Elisalett w. of Benjamin 

Capt. Benjamin 

Jemima w. of Ebenezer 

Thomas 

Nathan (only son) of Nathan & Elisalett 



Apr 11 1771 79y 
Aug 81 1772 53 



Feb 3 
June 13 
Feb 4 



1772 787 
1778 67y 

1773 787 



July 21 
July 6 
May 26 
Nov 5 
Jan 12 
Apr 24 



1773 
1773 
1774 
1774 
1774 
1774 



2l8t 

3O7 
687 
577 
937 
2O7 



** As man perhaps the moment of his birth 
Recieves the lurking principle of death. 
The Young desees that must subdue at length 
Grows with his growth &, strengthens with his 
streng^.'* 



Deac. Saoiuel 

Daniel (slain at Concord Battle) 



Jan 
Apr 



20 1775 84y 
19 1775 4O7 



" Here Passenger confined, reduced to dust, 
Lies what was once Religious, wise & Just, 
The cause he engaged did animate him high, 
Namely Religion & dear Liberty, 
Steady & warm in Liberties defence, 
True to his Country loyal to his Prince, 
Though in his breast a thirst for glory fired, 
Couragons in his Countrys* cause expired. 
Although hes gone his name embalmed shall be. 
And had in everlasting Memory.'' 

Sibyl d. of Jonathan & Sibyl 
Timothy Sept 

Joseph Johnson, s. of Jonathan & Sibyl Sept 
Deac. Nathan Oct 

[To be continued*] 



Aug 



27 1775 2y 6m 
19 1775 697 
15 1775 7 moa 
21 1775 747 



1M9.] AMtaeU of the SarKM WSU, 965 



ABSTRACTS OP THE EARLIEST WILLS UPON RECORD IN 

THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, MS. 

[Continaed from page 180.] 

Thomas Rugolks. 

The 9 (9) 1644 

I Thonuu Ruggles of Roxburj. To Sonne John mj lott w^ Ijeth behind 
the great pound contains my sixteene Acres more or lesse. To sonne 
Samuell mj lott butting vppon the led of JPhiHp EUot on the east, Sc 
one A'thur Gans north — 7 Aores more or lesse. Also mj land at 
Dedham, containing 12 Acres more or lesse. To dau. Sarah three 
pound in such pay as my wife can best spare, to be paid her at the age 
of one & twenty yeere. At decease of wife effects to be divided betweene 
my 3 children. 
Witnesses Thomas Ruggles. 

PkiU: EHot 
John Ruggles 

Testyfied before 
the Court 

Increase NowelL 



loHN Grave. 

November (1) 1644 

John Grave late of Roxbury. Ynto sonne John the ten Acre lott contain- 
ing six Acres more or lesse. Also my two Oxen & the vse of halfe the 
barne during the time of his mothers life & then the bame to be divided 
as his mothers land is, one halfe vnto him. Also my best suite & the 
bed that he lyeth vppon. John shall pay vnto dau. Mary sixe pounds 
at the age of twenty- one years — but in case she dye before, John to pay 
bis brother Samuell & Jonathan fourty shillings apiece. 

Also vnto sonne Samuell my lot called the four acre lott, the lott of 
goodman Leuns between the land of Robert Seaver & the land of good- 
man LeunSf vnto him, &c. 

vnto Jonathan my son that lott lying on the great hill of 5 Acres — if 
my two frends, Phillip Eliot & WiU'^ Heath exchange it for land more 
convenient & vsefull for^my son, I give them full power so to doe. 

Also my lot of Comon w®** was last divided vnto me by the towne, I 
give to my foresaid three sonns equally to be divided — wife to haue free 
liberty to fetch fyre wood. 

To dau. Mary the bed & all that belongeth thereto w^ her grand- 
mother now lyeth vppon. 

If wife line fyve years afler the death of my mother, then she shall 
pay vnto my daughter Hanna six pound — if she dye before, then John 
bo Samuell & Jonathan to pay vnto her fjye pound. 

PhUHp Eliot. 
Testifyed before the Court William Heath. 

Increase Nowell sec*. 



loHN Grave. 

26 (9) 1645. 

Mn Chrave late of Roxbury. My land to be sould. — Vnto my brother 
Samuell Sixe pound, to brother Jonathan four pounds. — to sister Satak 
17 



tbree pcrand — to my sister lEmna three poond — to liiler Jfivoinse 
pound w^ I was to giue vnto her br my ffiUhers will — to be pdi te 
at the age of one ds twenty — vnto (Seorg Brand what he doth owe ti^ 
mee — vnto my Mother all my wearing apparell — vnlo PkUSp BSd 
what he doth owe mee, whom 1 doe make mine Executor. What is M 
to be divided between my Executor ds my mother. What I was to hme 
by my flfathers will, after the death of my mother my two brethren. Son* 
uM i Jonatfion shall enjoy it equally. They to pay sister Sarak fin 

Kmd, & to sister JlforoA three pound, A to idster Banna three pouDd. 
e testimonies of Robert Ptpper, Widdawe drove ds John BmmlL 
See in the book of affidavits,* fbl. 48. 



lOHN OUTBB. 

25 (6) 1641. 

This is my last will except any befoure bearein^ date after it e on cen d ng 
the disposall of estate w^ the Lord hath carved out vnto mee in thii 
world, those many ingagements that lye vppon mee being by the good 
hand of God discharged, w^ may be done ptly by those ingagements 
whereby others stand indebted vnto mee, as wo by the sale of my bouse 
at Boston ds of my bookes & geometricaJl instruments, the remaining pt 
being divided into three eqaall parts at the discretion of my deere & rev- 
erend ffiithers M' Tho: Oliver M' lohn Newgate^ one third vnto my 
deare & faithful yoake feUowe, the other two thirds vnto my deare chil- 
dren at theire Tviz* my ffigit:) discretion, and whereas my ffiiiher IT 
Thomas OUver hath according to his faithfuU care, db prudence promised 
mee that if I should dye before him, I should have power by my will to 
dispose of such part of his estate, as should have fallen vnto me if I had 
survived, my will is that it be in like manner divided db disposed of as 
my owne estate. If my deare brother James Oliver surviue me I desiro 
him to discharge my many ingagements w"^ that part of my estate fore- 
mencioned for that end. all w*^ promises I doe in hast confirme by my 
own hand witncs my hand 

Deposed by James Johnson John Olitkr. 

& James Oliver the 11 (7) 1647 before 

the court by me 

Increase Nowell, Sec 



William Brinsheade. 

10 (10) 1647. 

This testifyeth that I W^ Brinsmead being in health (this 10*^ of the 10^ 
month 1647) do make & ordaine that my estate be divided into fyve 
equal parts — two of these fyve I giue vnto W^ my sonne, the other 
three parts I giue to my three children Alexander Ebbet ds Mary^ to 
each one part, fiurther if sonne vf^ Dye before he come to the age of one 
ds twenty, Alexander shall haue a double part, but if either of the other 
die before they come of age, then it is equally to be divided to the rest 
Sonne W^ to be kept to schoole ; also if my other sonne be capable & 
willing he haue so much bestowed as may fitt him to write well & cast ac- 
counts, fit for a Navigator. My daughter to be so imployed as that there 
may be so much saved for theire future portions as may conveniently bee 

* See note, page 170, ante. 



I«t9.] AB$IM*9 iff ike XarUmi WUU. 267 

ibc the gM i n ee mra g em ent that I haae of my sonne uf^ eoneerniDg his 
kmadog^ I therefore ghie to him all mj bookes, onlj a Bible w^ I had 
oT'my ffiUher, that I giue to Alexander. I giae to W^ mj Negro Sy- 
man, to mj daughters I giue mj wives cloathes. I appoint M' Na- 
tkamell FaUen of Dorchester to be mj childrens guardians. I assigne 
him to receiue what is due to mee for the vse of my children. 

W^ Brinsmeade 
This will was p'sented to the Court 15 (3) 1648. by NalhanieU PaUen 
& David SeUocke written in a booke of M' Brinsfneads Ss subscribed w^ 
his hand as to the Court it did appeare, who ordered M' FaUen to bring 
in an Inuentory of M' Brinsmeads estate. 



AoNES Bent. 

7 (9) 1648. 

Thomas Blancher testifieth that Agnes Bent made her will & gaue her 
estate to Richard Barnes Sc Elisabeth FUnUon, & to pay fyve pound 
to Elisabeth PlinUon & twenty pounds to Richard Barnes, & gaue 
ten pounds to John Bent & fyve pound to Thomas J^mton^ the rest to 
be divided betweene Richard Barnes & Elisabeth FtinUon. Deposed 
the first of the 9*^ month 1 648. before me Increase NatoelL 

Peter ^Noyce testifyeth the same, all but the two debts, the same day be- 
fore me incrcoAC NawelL 



Thomas Nelsoi/. 

I Tfumtas Nelson of Rowley in the County of Essex (in N. England) be- 
ing called now to make a voyadge into Ould England, giue to beloved 
wife Joanj my Mill &; Millshouse in Rowley, & all the ground neere vnto 
the said mill, w*^ was lately in the occupation of Joseph WormahiUj all 
my land betwene Rowley oxe pasture & the Comon & the mill River. 
Two acres in the Pond field next M' Rogers leaving out the Pound to 
build her a house on. The remainder or reversion I giue to my chil- 
dren, as well that child w^^ my wife is w^all as the rest. To oldest son 
PhiRip a double portion, to son Thomas & to daughter Mercy, & the 
child or children shee is w^all theire equall parts : If any of them dye 
before they come to the age of twenty & one jeares, then their part to be 
equally divided among the other children. 

My will is that Ri: Bellingluim, Esq., & my honoured vncle Richard 
Burner, gent. shaU haue the education of my son Phillip Nelson & 
Thomas Nelson. Wife & vncle Richard Dumer shall have the educa- 
tion of my dau. Mercy & the other child my wife is w**'alL To wife 
(Joane) foure choice (jowes, one choise mare & ten pounds to build her 
a house. To son PhilUp ten pound w*^ was giuen him by ray Aunt Katli- 
erine Witham, & his plate marked with his own name P. N : & to my 
second son Thonuis, a wine bowle & one spoone. M' Richard BUHng- 
ham & my vncle Richard Dwtner my executors. M' Ezechiell Rogers 
of Rowley & M' John Norton of Ipwich to bee mine overseers. To wife 
all her apparell, her chest boxe & bed & furniture & a silver beaker 

Thomas Nelson. 

December 24. 1645. & a scale 

sealed signed & deliuered 

in the presence of Jeremie Houtchin 

Ezechiel Northend. 



268 Ai9tracU qf the JEarUett Wm. pdj^ 

A schedule to be anDezed to the TVHl of T. Nelson. These are to 
certifie all whom it any waies may concerne, that I Thonuu NelMm^ 
about to retume to Bowlowe in New England, being at present sick, ooo- 
firm mj last will made in New England w^ my wiues vnde M* Richard 
Dumer^ only w*^ the addition of these provisions that my youngest child 
Samuel Nelson^ being borne since that will was made, if my wife be now 
w**^ child, & shall bring forth a child, that Samuel, & this may enjoy each 
a childs portion proportionable to the rest of my children. I earnestly 
desire of our Reverend Pastor & Elder M' Rogers^ 8c of thai whole 
Church at Rowley that they may hot mistake themsels concerning the 

^ eleven pounds & seventeene pounds w*^^ I payd to goodman Seatdiwdl 
for his fferme, & I did not giue these in^w*^ other money es that J laid out 
for the plantation least this being a wrong to mee, bee to theire griefe at 
the day of Jesus Christ : as also fifteene pounds payd to Mr. Carliam 
hundred pound w*^ I ought not to pay. This I intreat them seriously to 
lay to ha^ & righting mee in all these particulars. Witness my hand 
the sixt day of Sextiles here called August, 1648. Tho: Nelsoh. 

Testifyed as his Act & deed, & 

subscribed by him in the p'sence of vs witnesses 
Henry Jade alias Jesse 
Daniel EUy his marke 
Sarah Appleyard her marke 



Nicholas Tailor. 
19 (11) 48. 

I NicJwIas Tailor of the p'cincts of st Katherins neere vnto the tower Loo- 
don, mariner, bound to sea to New castle in the good shipp called th€ 
pilgrime of London. — To the poore of the parish twelve pence, louein^ 
wife Elisabeth all my lands house or houses, being in Kingshire in the 
County of Norfolk or any other Country. Wife sole executrix. Thii 

26*** day of July, Anno Dni 1637. Anno Regni Regis Caroli Anglic xiii*. 

p me signum dicti 
Sealed & D D in Nichol' -f Tailor & a seal 

the pnce of vs. 
& on the back side. 

Sealed & D D published & really declared in the presence of vs 
Ridiardffairefield. 



Thomas Cromwell. 

3 (9) 1649. 

I Thonuis Crofnwell of Boston doe by these p*'sents make my last will & 
Testament. Deere wife Anne sole executrix. To dau. EHsabet/i Oram 
well fyue pounds sterling at marriage, or at one & twenty. To wife al 
the remainder of my estate, excepting the ship Anne — to pay to good 
wife Sherman ten pounds sterling, & to good wife Spanle fyve poum 
sterl. I giue my six bells being in the Custody of Henry Walton vnt< 
the towne of Boston, Thb 29**" of August, 1649. 

Thomas Cromwell & a scale 
Sealed signed & D D in pnce of 
John Clark 

Henry Walton Deposed that this was the will 26 (8) 1 649 

Increase Nowelj Sec: 
(To he ooii^ued.\ 



1M9.] 



Jtftrig BeeardB of TFeyiiMMidL 



269 



EARLY RECORDS OF WEYMOUTH. 

(Oopjecl by Mb. Ctkub Orcutt, for the N. E. Genealogical and Andquarian Register.] 

[Continned from Page 166.] 

John um of Samuel & Mary Bayley 
James son of Joshua & Ruth Smith 
James soo of Simeon & Sarah Whitmarsh 
John son of Joseph & Sarah Shaw 
Mary Daughter of Samuel & Mercy Pool 
Mary of Philip & Hannah Reed 
Hannah of John & Hannah Gregory 
Sarah of James & Sarah Nash 
Susanna of James & Anna Stewart 
Margret of Isaac & Elishama Pool 
Judith of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 
Joseph son of Jacob & Abigail Nash 
Elisabeth of John & Elisabeth Hollis 
Sarah of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh 
Samuel son of John & Mary Yining 
Hannah of James & Mary Smith 
Hannah of Stephen & Hannah French 
Samuel son of Richard & Mary Phillips 
Joseph son of Ephraim & Ebbot Hunt 
Samuel son of John & Elizabeth Kingman 
Israel son of Andrew & Eleanor Ford 
Benjamin son of John & Alice Shaw 
Jane Daughter of John & Jane Lovell 
Elizabeth of Jonathan & Elizabeth Sprague 
Hannah of John &; Mary Rodgers 
Sarah of Daniel & Sarah Fairfield 
Thomas of John k, Mary Bicknell 
J«bn son of Thomas & Mary King 
William son of William <& Deborah Torrey 
Ezra son of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 
Hannah of Matthew & Sarah Pratt 
Samuel son of Samuel & Hannah Pratt 
of John & Abigail Whitman 
son of James & Jane Lovell 
Mary of Thomas & Ruth Bayley 
Thomas son of Thomas & Rebbeca Kingman 
Elizabeth of Simeon k. Sarah Whitmarsh 
Samuel son of Samuel & Experience King 
Zachary of Joseph k Elizabeth Green 
Patience of William & Elizabeth Chard 
Susanna of 

Thomas son of Thomas & Sarah Reed 
John son of Jacob & Abigail Nash 
Isricum son of Ephraim & Hannah Pearce 
Thomas son of John & Abigail Holbrook 
Experience of Thomas & Hannah Bolter 
Hannah of Philip & Hannah Reed 
John son of John & Mary Dyar 



)m 


Dec 12 ] 


1668 


u 


Dec 14] 


L668 


« 


Feb 8 ] 


L668 


u 


Nov 9 ] 


L668 


«< 


Nov 20 ] 


L668 


u 


March 21 ] 


1669 


u 
u 
u 
« 
u 
u 


April 9 ] 

April 21 ] 

May 23 ] 

Aug 24 ] 

Sept 2 ] 

Oct 11 ] 


1669 
1669 
L669 
1669 
L669 
L669 


u 


Nov 18 ] 


L669 


a 


Nov 26 : 


1669 


u 


Feb 2 : 


1669 


ii 


March 1 ] 


1670 


u 

u 
i< 
u 


April 19 ] 
May 7 ] 
May 18 ] 
May 28 ] 
June 7 ] 


1670 
1670 
1670 
1670 
L670 


a 


June 16 ] 


L670 


a 
u 
u 


July' 28 ] 
July 21 ] 
July 23 ] 

Aug 25 ] 


L670 
1670 
L670 
1670 


u 
a 


Aug 27 ] 

Aug 29 ] 

Sept 14 ] 

Oct 13 ] 


1670 
1670 
1670 
1670 


u 


Nov 4] 


L670 


u 


Nov 15 ] 


1670 


« 


Dec 4 1 


1670 


<( 


Dec 29 ] 


1670 


u 


Feb 10 ] 


1670 


u 


Feb 11 1 


1670 


u 


Feb 15 ] 


1670 


u 


March 1 1 


1671 


a 
u 
it 


April 7 ] 

April 21 ] 

Aug 12 ] 


1671 
1671 
1671 




Sept 12 ] 
Oct 8 ] 


1671 
1671 


t< 


Jan 4 '. 


1671 


it 


Jan 15 ] 


L671 


(( 


Jan 19 1 


1671 


u 


Feb 18 ] 


1671 


u 


Feb 29 1 


LG7I 



279 



Sarfy B»eolrd$ qf WtymenA. 



\ 



of John & Deliverance Porter 
Sarah of James & Mary 
Sarah of Andrew & Eleanor Ford 
Sarah of John & Sarah Richard 
James of James & Anna Stewart 
Jane of John & Mary Yining 
Abigail of John & Alice Shaw 
John son of John & Staples 

Joseph son of Samuel & Mary Bayley 
Mary of Joseph & Sarah Pittey 
Experience of Samuel & Hannah Pratt 
Thomas Porter son of Thomas Porter deceased 
Experience of John & Abigail Whitman 
John of Job & Mercy Randall 
Anna of Timothy & Naomy Yeals 
Elizabeth of John db Bicknell 

William of Matthew & Sarah Pratt 
Mary of Thomas & Mary King 
John son of William & Deborah Torrey 
Elizabeth of John & Elizabeth Kingman 
Micajah son of Micajah & Susanna Torrey 
Abigiul of Jacob & Abigail Nash 
Nicholas son of Nicholas & Hannah Whitmarsh 
Ann of Henery Turbefield 
Mary of James & Jane Lovell 
Mercy of Nathaniel & Susanna Blancher 
Thomas son of John & Sarah Staples 
Ebenezer son of John & Alice Shaw 
Elizabeth of Stephen & Hannah French 
John son of John & Beshua Reed 
Joseph of Joseph & Elizabeth Nash 
Sarah of Joseph & Sarah Pittey 
Mary of Simeon & Sarah Whitmarsh 
Sarah of Thomas & Ruth Bayley 
Philip son of Philip £ Hannah Reed 
Bathsheba of John & Sarah Richard 
Elizabeth of Joseph & Elizabeth Pool 
Hugh son of William & Elizabeth Chard 
John son of James & Anna Stewart 
Mercy of John & Elizabeth Hollis 
Deliverance of John & Elizabeth Kingman 
John son of James & Jane Lovell 
fVoseph son of Joseph & Susan Richard 
John son of John & Sarah Vinson 
Martha of Samuel & 
John son of Philip 
Jane of John & Sarah Whitmarsh 
Rath of John & Deliverance Porter 
Mary of Jonathan & Ruth Torrey 
Sarah of William & Rebecca Manly 
Pei-sis of Samuel & Mary Holbrook 
Benjamin son of Thomas & Jane Drake 

[To be continaed.] 



M 



u 



a 



bom April 11 
May 25 
May 28 
June 20 
June 26 
July 7 
July 15 
Nov a 
Decl8 
Dec 27 
Jan 8 
Feb S 
April 1 
April 1 6 
April 25 
April 29 
May 5 
June 12 
June 25 
July 9 
July 27 
Aug 7 
Aug 21 
Sept 8 
Jan 5 
April 14 
April 19 
April 24 
April 29 
June 5 
June 8 
June 11 
June 12 
Sept 29 
Nov 2 
Nov 16 
Dec 6 
Jan 4 
Jan 22 
Feb 5 
March 12 
April 19 
May 7 
July 28 
Aug 8 
Aug 16 
Sept 8 
Sept 18 
Sept 25 
Oct 5 
Oct 11 
Jan 15 



u 



1819.] jnM SdiUr9 of BanutMe. 271 



FIRST SETTLERS OF BARNSTABLE. 
[Comnmnicated by Mb. Datid Hamblek. — Continiied ftom p. 136.] 

Balph Jones m. ; children, Deborah, b. March, 1696 ; Eliz* 

abeth. 25 Nov., 1698; Thankfal, 12 AprU, 1701 ; Bethiab, 9 AprU, 1706; 
Comeliii8» 80 July, 1709. 

Samuel Jones m. Marj Blish, 26 June, 1718 ; children, Joseph, b. 9 
June, 1719; Benjamin, 14 June, 1721. 

Jambs Lewes m. Sarah Lane, Oct., 1 655 ; children, John, b. October, 
1656; Samuel, 10 April, 1659; Sarah, 4 March, 1660; James, 3 June, 
1664, d. 18 June, 1748. James Lewes, senior, d. 4 Oct., 1713, ae. 82. 

Samuel Lewes m. Prudence Leonard, 10 Dec., 1690; children, Sam- 
uel, b. 22 June, 1700; Joseph and David, gemini, 10 Aug., 1702; David 
d. 3 Jan., 1706; Ebenezer, 9 Aug., 1706; Thankful, 27 Jan., 1708; Han- 
nah, 1 July, 1710. 

George Lewes m. Alice Crocker, 14 June, 1711 ; children, Sarah, b. 
5 April, 1712, d. 13 June, 1713 ; Mary. 9 March, 1713-14; Anna, 8 Feb., 
1715-16; Josiah. 19 Feb.. 1717. Mrs. Alice Lewes d. 23 Feb. 1718. 

James Lewes m. Elizabeth Lothrop, Nov., 1698 ; children, Mary, b. 16 
Aog., 1700; Elizabeth, 8 May, 1702; James, 9 July, 1704; Barnabas, 17 
JCarch, 1706 ; Solomon, 26 June, 1.708. 

Ebenezer Lewes m. Anna Lothrop, April, 1691 ; children, Sarah, b. 
Id Jan., 1691-2; Susannah, 17 April, 1694; James, 4 Aug., 1696; Eben- 
ezer, 9 May,' 1699; Hannah, 14 Feb.. 1701; Lothrop, 13 June. 1702; 
Oeorge, 5 April, 1704; Nathiyiiel, 12 Jan., 1707-8; John, 15 July, 1709; 
ZDftvid and Abigail, gemini, 8 Nov., 1711. 

Edward Lewes* m. Hannah Cub. 9 May, 1661 ; children, Hannah, b. 
24 April, 1662; Eleazer, 26 June, 1664; John, 1 Jan., 1666; Thomas, 
3iu:ch, 1669. 

John Lewes m. Elizabeth Huckins, 4 June, 1695. 

John, son of Edward Lewes, m. ; children, Edward, b. 6 

Sept^ 1697; Thankful. 6 Dec., 1698; John, 28 April, 1700; Elizabeth, 28 
Aug., 1701; James, 4 June, 1703; Gershom, 30 Dec, 1704; Shobal, 29 
Sept, 1705. 

Thomas, son of Edward Lewes, m. Experience Huckins,' 28 Sept, 
1698; children, Experience, b. 15 Aug., 1699; Thomas. 1 Aug., 1702; 
. Jesse, 11 March, 1705; Desire. U May. 1707; Ephraim. 8 April, 1710. 
Thomas Lewes m. Mary Davis, 15 June, 1653; children, James, b. 
March, 1654 ; Thomas, July, 1656 ; Mary, 2 Nov., 1659 ; Samuel, 14 May 
1662. 

Benjamin Lewes m. Margaret Folland. 10 Feb., 1696-7; children, 
Mary, 5 July, 1698; a son, d. 22 April. 1701 ; Seth, 1 Aug., 1704; Eliza- 
beUi, 17 Jan., 1711; Mercy, 3 March, 1712; Benjamin, 14 July, 1716. 

Jabez Lewes m. Experience Hamblen, 20 Feb., 1695; child, John, b* 
27 Aug., 1696. 

Geoege Lewes, Jr., m. Mary Lumbart, 1 Dec, 1654; childreiii 
George, b. Sept., 1655; Mary. 9 May, 1657 ; Sarah, 12 Jan., 1659; Han- 
nah, July, 1662, d. 1667; Melatiah, 13 Jan.. 1664; Batlishua, Oct, 1667; 
Jabex, 10 June, 1670 ; Benjamin, 22 Nov., 1671 ; Jonathan, 25 July, 1674; 
John, 1 Dec, 1676; Nathan, 26 July, 1678. Mr. George Lewes d. 20 
March, 1709-10. 

* I think that this Edward is a son of George Lewes, lenior, and is recorded si 
See page 195 in Vol. IL 



2T2 Fint SetOeri of BamMMe. [July, 

Jonathan Lewes m. Patience Looke, 25 Oct, 1703 ; children, Thank- 
ful, b. 22 Nov., 1704; Jane, 28 April, 1713; Lot, 6 March, 1715; Levi, 
22 Sept., 1718 ; MelaUah, 6 Feb., 1720. 

Nathan Lewes m. Sarah Arey, 24 May, 1705 ; children, Hannah» b. 
18 Feb., 1706; David, 24 June, 1708; Mary, 11 Sept, 1710; Sarah, 24 
Jane, 1713; Nathan. 29 Oct, 1715; George, 18 March, 1718-19. 

Dea. John Lewes d. 5 March, 1738. 

Joseph Lord m. Abigail Hinkley, 2 June, 1698. 

Jabez Ldmbart m. Sarah Derby, 1 Dec., 1660; children, a son, b. 18 
Feb , 1661, d. same day; Elizabeth, June, 1663 ; Mary, April, 1666 ; Ber- 
nard, April, 1668; John, April, 1670; Matthew, 28 Aug., 1672; Mehita- 
ble, Sept., 1674; Abigail, April, 1677; Nathaniel, 1 Aug., 1679; Hepthsi- 
bah, Dec., 1681. 

Bernard Lumbart m. ; children, Joanna, b. Dec, 1692; 

Mehitable, 18 March, 1693 ; Matthew, 15 Jan., 1698 ; Mariah, Oct, 1700; 
Bethiah, Sept., 1702; John, April, 1704; Solomon, 1 March, 1706. 

Joshua Lumbart m. Abigail Linnel, May, 1650 ; children, Abigail, b. 
6 April, 1652 ; Mercy, 15 June, 1655 ; Jonathan, 28 April, r657 ; Joshui, 
16 Jan., 1660. 

Nathaniel Lumbart m. ; Sarah, b. 2 Aug, 1710. 

Thomas Lumbart m. Elizabeth Darby, 23 Dec , 1665 ; children, Sarah, 
b. Dec, 1666 ; Thomas, March, 1667 ; Elizabeth, Sept., 1668 ; Mary. April, 
1669; Hannah. Dec, 1671 ; Jabez, Feb., 1673, d. 8 days after; Rebeiccay 
May, 1676; Jabez, June, 1678; Bethiah, July, 1680; Bathshua, Augost, 
1682; Patience, Sept, 1684. 

Thomas Lumbart, Jr., m. ; children, Mehitable, b. 27 Sept, 

1690; Elizabeth, 2 Sept, 1692; John, 19 July, 1694, d. October, 1694; 
Thankful, 19 April. 1696; Jabez, 11 Feb, 1698; Gershom, 4 July, 1700; 
Elisha, 20 May, 1702; Zaccheus, 9 April, 1704; Hezekiah. 18 July, 1708; 
Mercy, 30 July, 1706; Abigail, 3 April, 1710; Patience, 9 April. 1712. 

Jedediah Lumbart m. Hannah Wing, 20 May, 1668; children, Jede- 
diah, b. 25 Dec, 1669; Thomas, 22 June, 1671 ; Hannah, August, 1678; 
Experience, April, 1675. 

Jkdediah Lumbart m. Hannah Lewes, 8 Nov., 1 699. 

Benjamin Lumbart, Jr., m. Hannah Treddeway, 23 May, 1711; chil- 
dren, Jonathan, b. 29 March, 1712, d. 22 May, 1712; Hannah, 8 S^pt, 
1714. Mrs. Hannah Lumbart d. 19 Sept., 1714. 

Benjamin Lumbart m. Jane Warren, 19 Sept, 1672, who d. 27 Feb., 
1682 ; children, Mercy, b. 2 Nov.. 1673 ; Benjamin, 27 Sept., 1675 ; Hope, 
26 March. 1679. Married for his second wife, Sarah Walker, 19 Nov., 
1685, who d. 6 Nov., 1693; children, Sarah, b. 29 Oct, 1686; Bathshua, 
4 May, 1687; Mary, 17 June, 1686, [probably 16881; Samuel, 15 Sept-, 
1691. Married for his third wife, Widow Hannah Whet.stone, 24 May, 
1694; children. Temperance, h 25 May. 1G95; Martha. 28 Dec, 1704. 

Jonathan Ldmbart m. Elizabeth Eddy, 11 Dec, 1683; children, Jon- 
athan, b. 20 Nov., 1684; JUice, 19 Oct., 1686; Ebenezer, 4 Feb., 1688; 
Abigail, 12 July, 1691, at the Vineyard. 

Thomas Lumbart m. Mary Newcom, 4 Oct, 1694'; children, John, b. 
6 Jan., 1694; Jedediah, 16 Feh, 1696; Thomas, 3 Aug., 1698. 

Joshua Lu3IBARt m. Ilopestill Bullock, 6 Nov., 1682 ; children, Mercy, 
b. 16 March, 1684; Hopestill, 15 Nov., 1686; Joshua, 5 Aug., 1688; 
Samuel, 1 June, 1690; Abigail, 20 Jan, 1692; Mary, 22 Nov., 1697; 
Elizabeth, 22 April, 1700; Jonathan, 16 April, 1703. 



1849.] Jfirtt SetOers of BamsUMe. 273 

Joshua Luxbart m. Sarah Parker, 14 Dec, 1715 ; children, Sarah, b. 
28 Sept, 1716; Pai^er, 24 Dec, 1718. Mrs. Sarah Lumbart d. 16 Jan., 
1718. 

Mklatiah Lathrop m. Sarah Farrar, 20 May, 1667, and d. 6 Feb., 
1711-12, ffi. 66. She d. 23 Maj, 1712, e. 64. Children, Thomas, b. 22 
Aug.. 1668; Tabitha, 3 April. 1671; Isaac, 23 June, 1673; Joseph, 15 
Dec, 1675; Elizabeth, 23 Nov., 1677; Ichabod, 20 June, 1680; Shobal, 
20 April, 1682; Sarah, 5 March, 1683-4. 

LiEDT. JosKPH LoTHROP m. ; child, Mehitable, b. 22 Oct., 

1701. 

Joseph Lothrop m. Abigail Child, 14 June, 1G95. 

Samuel Lothrop m. Hannah Crocker, 1 July, 1686; children, Mar}^, 
b. 19 Oct., 1688; Hannah, 11 Nov., 1690; Abigail, 10 Aug,. 1693; Ben- 
jamin, 16 April, 1696; Joseph, 10 Nov., 1698; Samuel, 28 April, 1700. 

Thomas Lothrop m. Fxperience Gorham, 23 April. 1697; children, a 
8on, b. 10 Jan., 1697, d. 3 Feb^ 1697 ; Deborah, 21 April, 1699 ; Mary, 4 
April, 1701 ; James, 9 Aug., 1703 ; Thomas, 8 July, 1705 ; Ansel, no date; 
Joseph, 8 Dec, 1709; Seth, March, 1711-12. 

Hope Lothrop m. Elizabeth Lothrop, 17 Dec, 1696; children, Benja- ) 
min, b. 18 Dec, 1697 ;, John, 3 Oct., 1699. 

''Barnabas Lothrop, Jr., m. Flizabetk Hedge, 14 Nov., 1687; children, 
Mercy, b. 1 March, 1 689 ;, Eli^beth, 15 Sept, 1690; Barnabas, 10 Nov., 
1692, d. 6 April, 1693; Nathaniel, Feb., 1693-4; Lemuel, 26 Dec, 1695; 
Barnabas, 8 Feh, 1697-8; Susannah, 8 Oct.. 1699; Thankful, 24 Sept., 
1701; Sarah, 22 April, 1703; Mary, 15 July, 1705; Kembel, 21 June, 
1708. 

John, son of Barnabas Lothrop, m. , and d. 23 Oct., 1 695 ; 

children, Barnabas, b. 23 Nov., 1694; Elizabeth, 3 Sept., 1692, d. 9 Nov., 
1694. 

Nathaniel Lothrop m. Bethiah ; child, John, b. 28 Oct, 1696. 

John Lothrop m. Mary Cob, 3 Jan., 1671 ; children, John, b. 5 Aug., 
1673; Mary, 27 Oct., 1675; Martha, 11 Nov., 1677; Elizabeth, 16 Sept, 
1679 ; James, 3 July, 1681 ; Hannah, 13 March, 1682 ; Jonathan, 14 Nov., 
1684; Barnabas, 22 Oct., 1686; Abigail, 23 April, 1689; Experience, 7 
Jan., 1692. 

John Lothrop m. Hannah, widow of Dr. John Fuller, 9 Dec, 1 695 ; 
children. Bathshua, b. 19 Dec, 1696; Fhebe, Sept, 1701; Benjamin, 8 
April, 1704. 

Barnabas, son of John Lothrop, m. Bethiah Fuller, 20 Feb., 1706 ; 
children, John, b. 25 Aug., 1709; Hannah, 6 July, 1712. Mrs. Bethiah 
Lothrop d. Oct, 1714. 

Mb. John Lothrop d. 27 Sept., 1727, se. 85. 

William Lovel* m. Mehitable Lumbart, 24 Sept, 1693, and died 21 
April, 1753, le. 90; children, Eli, b. Aug., 1694; Jerusha, Sept., 1696; 
Elenor, 10 Sept., 1698; Abia, 12 Sept., 1700; Beulah, 7 Feb.. 1704; 
Eleanor, 17 May, 1707. 

Andrew Lovel m. ; children, Deborah, b. 6 May, 1689, at 

Scituate; Mary, 17 Nov., 1693; Jonathan, 27 March, 1697; Thankful, 6 
Oct, 1699; Joseph, 10 Oct, 1707; Jane, 14 May, 1715; Silas, 16 May, 
1690. 

John Linnbl no. Buth Davis; children. Thankful, b. 12 Nov., 1696; 

* Fkobably son of John and Jane Lovel, of Weymonth, Mass., bom 24 Feb., 1664. 



274 Fint SetOers of SarmUMe^ [ Jul j; 

Samuel, 16 Nov., 1699; John, 15 June, 1702; Bethiah, 14 May, 1704; 
Joseph, 12 June, 1707 ; Hannah, 10 July, 1709 ; Jabez, 80 Julj, 1711. 

Experience Mayhew m. Thankful Hinkley, 12 Nov., 1695. 

[In Vol. XL page 196, the Records r^d John Manton, and I thought it 
should be Marston, but I am now sure it should be John Martin. D. H.] 

Benjamin Marston m. Lydia Goodspeed, April 26, 1716; childreiit 
John, b. 25 Feb^, 1716-17; Patience, 1 Jan., 1720; Benjamin, 2 Janoarr, 
1725 ; Nyraphas, 12 Feb., 1727 ; Lydia, March, 1731 ; Prince, 24 Man^ 
1735-6 ; John, 3 Dec, 1738, d. 22 Feb., 1817. Benjamin Marston, senior, 
probably came fcom Salem, and is the first one of the name that came to 
Barnstable. 

Samuel Norman m. Widow Casley, 24 Nov., 1697. 

John Otis, Jr., m. Grace Hayman of Bristol, ^ Dec., 1711 ; chQd, 
John, b. 27 April, 1713. 

Nathaniel Otis ra. Abigail Russell, 21 Dec, 1710; children, Abigail, 
b. 19 Aug., 1712, at Barnstable, d. 3 Nov., 1712, at Sandwich; Abigail, 10 
Dec, 1713, at Sandwich; Nathaniel, 16 April, 1716, at Sandwich, died 6 
Sept., 1716 ; Martha, 1 1 Dec, 1717, at Sandwich ; Nathaniel, 8 Sept^ 1720; 
Jonathan, 30 April, 1723. 

Col. John Otis d. 23 Sept, 1727, ap. 70. 

[In Vol. XL page 196 of the Register, the Records read John Otis, soo of 
Goodman John Otis, probably d. in Weymouth, 1657. This is the old mao, 
father of Goodman John Otis and grandfather of John Otis, that m. Mm» 
Mercy Bacon, 1683. D. H.] 

£lisha Parker m. Elizabeth Hinckley, 15 July, 1657; childreOi 
Thomas, b. 15 May, 1658; Elisha. Nov., 1660; Sarah, May, 1662. 

Samuel Parker m. Hannah Bunips, 12 Dec, 1695; children, Sarah, 
b. Dec, 1696 ; Mary, May, 1698;Teace, 28 Dec, 1699 ; James, 13 Nov., 
1701 ; Prescilla, 4 Sept, 1704; Prudence, 6 Aug., 1705. 

Benjamin Parker m. Rebekah Lumbart, 8 Dec, 1698. 

Daniel Parker m. Mary Lumbart, 11 Dec, 1689; children. Patience, 
b. 1690 ; Abigail, 27 May, 1692^ Experience, 7 Feb , 1693-4, d. 24 March, 
1694; Daniel, 20 Feb., 1694-5, d. 23 Dec, 1715; Rebecca, 1 April, 
1698; David, 17 Feb., 1699-1700; Hannah. 5 April, 1702. d. 14 Oct, 
1715; Samuel, 5 Feb., 1703-4; Jonathan, Jan., 1706; Nehemiah, Oct., 
1708; Mary, 15 Aug.. 1710. Daniel Parker, Esq., d. 23 Dec, 1728. as. 
59. 

Joseph Parker m. Mercy Whetstone, 30 June, 1698. 

John Phinnet, Jr., m. Mary Rogers, 10 Aug., 1G64; children, John, 
b. 5 May, 1665; Melatiah. Oct, 1666, d. Nov., 1667; Joseph, 28 Jan., 
1667; Thomas. Jan., 1671; Ebenezer, 18 Feb., 1673; Samuel, 4 Nov., 
1676; Mary, 3 Sept, 1678; Mercy, 10 July, 1679; Reliance, 27 August, 
1681; Benjamin, 18 June. 1682; Jonathan, 30 July, 1684; Hannah, 28 
March, 1687. d. 10 Feb., 1689. 

Samuel Phinnet m. Bethiah Phinney; child, Bethiah, b. 9 July, 1715. 

John Phinnet m. Sarah Lumbart, 30 May, 1689; children, Elizabeth, 
b. 11 April, 1690; Mary, 20 Jan., 1692, d. Jan., 1694; John, 8 April, 
1696; Thomas, 25 May, 1697; Hannah, 8 April, 1700; Sarah, 8 October, 
1702; Patience, 12 Sept., 1704; Martha, 12 July, 1706; Jabez, 16 July, 
1708. 

Ebenezer Phinnet m. Susannah Linnel, 14 Nov., 1695; children, 
Mehitable, b. 14 Aug., 1696; Mary, 23 March, 1698; Martha. 22 April, 
1700; Samuel, 1 April, 1702 ; Ebenezer, 26 May, 1708; David, 10 June, 
1710. 



IMiJ JSrte Saa&9 of BarmtalU. 275 

Bbtjakin Phiknbt m. Martha Crocker, Jane, 1709 ; children, Tem« 
perance. b. 28 March, 1710 ; Melatiab, 26 July, 1712 ; Barnabas, 28 March, 
1715; Silas, 16 June, 1718, d. May, 1720; Zacchus, 4 Aug., 1720; Seth, 
27 June, 1723. 

Jonathan Phinnst m. Elizabeth ; children. Thankful, b. 24 Dec, 

1713; Joseph, 24 Jan., 1716; Jonathan, 22 Sept., 1718. 

Thomas Phinnet m. Widow Sarah Beettley, 25 Aug., 1698; children, 
Genhom, b. 25 March, 1699-1700 ; Thomas, 17 Feb.. 1702-3; Abigail, 8 
Jose* 1704; James, 15 April, 1706; Mercy, 24 Aug;, 1708. 

Ret. Jonathan Russel m. Mary Otis, 1725 ; child, John, b. 30 June, 
1730. 

John Russel m. Elizabeth Bridgelain, 1754; child, Jonathan, b. 17 
Uvr, 1756. 

John Rogers m. Elizabeth Williams, 24 June, 1696. 

Benjamin Shellt m. Alice Goodspeed, 8 Aug., 1705; children, Jo- 
aeph, b. 29 July, 1706 ; Thankful, Dec, 1707 ; Lydia, 8 May, 1713. 

Joseph Stact, b. 22 Sept., 1706. 

JosEFH Smith m. Reliance Crocker, 5 Oct., 1713; children, Lydia, b. 

17 Aug., 1714; Abigail, 21 July, 1716; Joseph, 31 July, 1718. 

Samuel Smith m. Mary ; child, Mary, b. 3 Sept, 1716. 

Joseph Smith m. Anna Fuller, 29 April, 1689, who d. 2 July, 1722; 

children, Susannah, b. 12 Jan., 1689-90; Joseph, 28 Oct., 1691; James, 

18 Dec., 1693; Ann, 8 Nov., 1695; Matthias, 10 July, 1697; Ebenezer, 

21 March, 1698-9, d. 27 May, 1G99; Daniel, 11 April, 1700; David, 24 
May. 1702; Elizabeth, 19 April, 1704; Thomas, 6 Feb, 1705-6; Mary, 

22 Dec., 1707, d. 16 Sept, 1728; Jemima, 9' Nov., 1709; Benjamin, 5 
Dee, 1711 ; Ebenezer, 26 Sept., 1714 

Jonathan Sparrow m. Sarah Cob, 23 Nov., 1698. 

Nathaniel Stone m. Reliance Hinckley, 15 Dec, 1698. 

Edward Sturois m. ; children, Susannah, b. 10 May, 1709 ; 

Abigail, 9 Sept., 1712. 

Thomas Sturois m. Mrs. Martha Russel, 26 Dec, 1717; children, 
iManha, b. 19 Nov., 1718; Elizabeth, 12 June, 1721, d. 22 August, 1721 ; 
lliomas, 22 July, 1722 ; Elizabeth, 26 Aug., 1725 ; Rehecca, 9 Oct., 1727 ; 
Jonathan, 17 June, 1730 ; Abigail, 22 July, 1732 ; Hannah, 24 Aug., 1735. 

Isaac Tayler m. f ; children, Mary, b. 23 July, 1711 ; Isaac, 

38 June, 1715 ; Josiah, 17 Dec , 1717 ; Experience, 20 Aug., 1720 ; Thank- 
fH 13 March. 1722; Ebenezer, 13 May, 1724; Mercy, 3 March. 1727. 

Jasper Tatler m. Hannah Fittsrandle, 6 Nov., 1668; children, John, 
fc. 28 Jan.. 1670, d. 9 Feb., 1670; Mercy, 6 Nov., 1671 ; Hope, 24 Oct.. 
1674; Seth, 5 Sept., 1677 ; John, 21 March, 1680; Elenor, 6 April, 1682, 
^ 26 April, 1682 ; Jasper, 29 April, 1684. 

Jacob Tatler m. Rebecca Weeks, 29 May, 1693; children, Hannah, 
1). 18 Jan., 1694-5 ; Rebecca, 27 May, 1697. 

[Page 84 reads Lozaia, dau. of Isaac Chapman, but should be Lydia. 
Same page, Lozaia, dau. of Joseph Davis, should be Lydia.] 



276 Burial Jkscriptumi m Salemj Mom. [Julj, 



INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE BURYING- GROUNDS IN SALEM. 

MASS. 

[prom the burtino*gbound on the hill.] 

Here lyes buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Bacon, wife to Mr. Samad 
Bacon, aged 59 years, she died June y* 17th, 1753. 

Here lyes buried the Bo<ly of Mrs. Anne Bacon, wife to Mr. Samod 
Bacon, who departed this Life May y* 10th, 1761, in y* 48d year of her 
age. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mr. Samuel Bacon, who departed this Life 
July 29th, 1765, in y* 56th year of his age. 

Susanna, Daw*, to Mr. George and Mrs. Elizabeth Bickford, who died 
Novem'. the 5th 1738 in [ ] 

Here lyes Buried the Body of Mr. Greorge Bickford, who departed this 
Life on May the 30th, 1760, aged 61 years. 

Here lies Buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Bickford, wife of Deaeoo 
John Bickford, who died October the 22d 1760, aged 61 years. 

Mary Brewer, Dau*. of Mr. Thomas & Mrs. Mary Brewer, Died Jan'. 
18ih, 1754, aged 13 years. 

Here lie Interred the Bodies of Mrs. Mary Cabot, the wife of Mr. Fran- 
cis Cabot, who died June 18. 1756, aged 32 years. 

Hear lies the body of Gibson Clough, son to Ebene'. and Ann Cloagb, 
who departed this life August the 1 Day, aged 12 years, 1736. 

Here lies the body of John Clough, son of Ebenezer and Ann Clougfa, 
how died Aprel the 13 day, aged six years, 1750. And Also Susanna 
Clough, dafter to William & Susanna Clough, aged Five months; died 
Novembr the 24th, 1750. 

Here Lies Buried the Body of Mr. Joseph Clough, who Departed this 
Life April the 13th, 1766, aged 57 years and 8 months. 

Here lyes the Body of Capt. Thomas Eden, who departed this Life, 
July the 1st, 1768, in the 4oth year of his age. 

William Eppea, Esq. died Oct. y* 1st 1756, aged 39 years. 

Jonathan son to Joseph & Experience Flint, aged 5 weeks, died Feb. 
17th, 1702. 

Here Lyes the Body of Benjamin Flint, who died y* 28th of Dec*. 1732 
in y* 54lh year of his ajre. 

Here lyes buried y* body of Mrs. Elizabeth Foster, wife to Capt. Jobn 
Foster, who departed this Life March y* 6th, 1752, aged 26 years. 

Here lyes the Body of Mrs. Eliz'. Gardner, Dau*. to Capt John Gardner 
& Elizabeth his wife, she died April 20th, 1754, in the 21st year of her 

age. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Gardner, the wife of Mr- 
John Gardner, she died May 24th, 1755, in the 27th year of her age. 

Hei'e lies buried the body of Mrs. Mary Gavet, wife to Mr Joseph G*' 
vet, aged 43 years, Dec'*. June the 11th, 1743. 

Here lies the Body of Martha, the wife of Benjamin Goodhue, who died 
9th Sept'. 1769, Aged 58 years. 

Here lies y* body of Mrs. Elizabeth Hayward, wife of Mr. Josiah Hay- 
ward, who died Jan^. 1st, 1767 in y' 34th year of her age. 

Here lyes y^ body of Mr. Gabriel Holman, who departed this Life July 
the 9th, 1756, in the 42d year of his age. 

Here Lyes the Body of Mr. John Holman, son of Mr. Gabriel & Mrs. 



IM9.J ' Burial Ihscr^i^ions in Sdem^ Mobb. 277 

Elizabeth Holnum, who departed this Life August 7* ISth, 1767, In the 
24th year of his age. 

Here lies loterred the Body of Mrs. Sarah Holman, the Virtuous Con- 
sort of Mr. Qabriel Holman, who departed this Life April the 21st, 1773, 
aged 31 years. 

Judith, wife of E. A. Holyoke, Esq. died Nov', y* 19th, 1756, aged 19 

Here lies y* body of Francis Joseph » son of Mr. Francb & Mrs. Mary 
Joseph, died Jan"^. I7tb, 1767, aged 4 years 11 mo. 

Tabitha King, daug'. of Mr. Dan^ & Eliza'th King, bom Octobr 18th, 
1732, Died Sept**'. 5th, 1737. 

Here lies Interred the Remains of Elizabeth King, wife of Daniel King, 
who departed this Life August the 13th 1766, Aged 60 years. 

Here lyes inter'd y* body of Mr. Robert Kitchen, who departed this Life 
Oct', y* 28th, 1712, JEtatis 56. 

Here lyes interr'd the Body^ of Robert Kitchen, son Mr. Robert & Mrs. 
Bethia Kitchen, and student of Harvard College in Cambridge, aged 17 
years, departed this Life, Septr. the 20th, 1716. 

Robt. Kitchen, bom Oclo»*. y» 1st. 1735. Dec**. Dec', y' 20th, 1736. 

Mary Kitchen, bora Oct', y* 2d. 1731, Dec^ Oct. y» 28th. 1738. 

Here lyeth Interred the body of Mrs. Freek Kitchen, wife to Edward 
Kitchen, Esq. And Daughter To the Honorable Josiah Wolcott, Esq. who 
departed this Life January 17th, 1746-7, aged 34 years. 

Here lies buried the body of Edward Kitchen, Esq. who departed this 
Life August the 17th, 1766, aged 66 years. 

Mary Lambert, Aged 3 years and 7 mo. Died Sept. y* 4th, 1702. 

Ebenezer Lambert, aged 1 year & 10 mo. Died Sept. y^ 21st, 1702. 

Here lyeth y^ Body of Martha Lee, DauV of Thomas & Mrs. Deborah 
Lee, aged 20 years, who died October y* 20th, 1721. 

Here lye the Bodies of Timothy Lindall, Esq. Aged 82 years. Deceased 
October 25th, Anno Dommini 1760. 

Bethia, his wife, aged 31 years. Deceased June 20th, Anno Domini 
1720. 

Mary, wife of Timothy Lindall, aged 80 years. Deceased February 8th, 
Anno Domini 1767. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mrs. Elizabeth Mackey, wife of Capt. 
Daniel Mackey, Died July 20, 1701, Aged 36 years. 

Here lyes Interred y* Body of Mrs. Mehetable Marston, wife to Benja- 
min Marston, Esq. and Daur. to y* late Rev** Mr. Henry Gibbs of Water- 
town, who departed this Life August y^ 21st, 1727, in y* 22d year of her 

•ge. 

Here lyes Interred the body of Mrs. Patience Marston, Relict of Mr. 
Benjamin Marston, late of Salem, Merch^ Dec'd. she departed this life 
the 22d day of May, 1731, Aged 55 years and 9 days. 

Here lies y^ Body of Winslow Marston, son of Col"\ Benjamin Marston, 
Esq. & and Mrs. Elizabeth his wife Died Sept. y* 6th, 1755, aged 6 years. 

In memory of John Marston, the second son of Benj*. Marston, Esq. & 
Mrs. Elizabeth Marston. He died April 22d, 1761, in his 21st year, and 
18 here buried. 

Here lie reposited in hope of a ressurrection to an Immortal Life, the 
Remains of Madam Elizabeth Marston, the wife of the hon*b^. Benjamin 
Marston, Esq. once of this place, and daughter of the hon^**. Isaac Winslow, 
Esq. of Marshfield. she died September 20th, 1761, in her 53d year. 



278 arnnamM. U^J^ 

Here lies the Body of David Neeal, son of Mr. David dc Mrs. Haimak 

Neeal, aged 1 year & 10 mo. Died Aagust y* 1st, 1754. 

Here lyes the Body of John Norman, who died May y* 6th, 1718, in y* 
77th year of his Age. 

Here lyes y* Body of Mary Norman, who died Octo**. 24th, 1718, Aged 
68. 

Here lyeth buried y* body of Lent. John Pickering. Dec'd. y* 5th of 
May, 1 694, in y* 57th year of his age. 

Here lies buried y* body of Mrs Sarah Pickering, widow of Mr. Johi 
Pickering. Died Dec', y* 27th, 1714. 

Here's interr'd y* body of Mr. John Pickering, who died June Mi, A 
Dom. 1732, jEtatisq ; 64. 

Elizabeth, wife of Sam^ Pickman, Esq. died Decern' y* 16th, 1761, Agid 
47. 

Samuel Porter, son of y* Rev^. Mr. Aaron Porter & Susannah his wife, 
died Octob'. y* 16th, 1728, Aged 7 years. 

Here lyes inter'd y* remains of Mr. Thomas Robie, bom at Boston, Ed- 
ucated in Harvard College, of which for severall years he was a Felkm. 
Practised Physick in this town, where he died on y* 28tfi of August, 1729, 
in the 41st year of his age. 

Also William Robie, y* son of Thomas and Mehitabel Robie, who died 
Noy*»«. y* 22d, 1730, in y« 6th year of his age. 

Here lyes Buried the Body of Mr. Nathaniel Ropes, who Departed this 
Life Octob'. y* 22d, Anno Dom'i. 1752. JEtatis 60. 

Here lies buried the Body of Mr. Nathaniel Swasey, who died Novem'. 
y* llth, 1762, in the 45th year of his age. 

Here lyeth y* body of Daniel Weld, aged 11 months, died March [ ] 
1701. 

Here lyeth buried y* Body of Dr. Edward Weld, Aged 36 years. Dec'd 
October y« 3d, 1702. 

Here lyes y« body of Bethyah Weld. Died October y« 24th, 1719, in y* 
70th year of her age. 

Here Lyes y* Body of Elizabeth We^t, wife to lEIenry West, aged 50 
years, dyed 26th August, 1691. 

Here lyes Buried y* Body of Mrs. Esther West, wife to Mr. Samnd 
West, who Departed this Life, Feb^. 14th, Anno Dom. 1743-4, Aged 41 
years, 7 months & 9 D's. 



SURNAMES. 

Many of the inhabitants of this country being descended from the early 
Dutch settlers, a few remarks concerning their surnames may not be with- 
out interest. 

A common prefix to Dutch family names is the word "(fc," which is here 
generally supposed to mean of, and to denote a French extraction. This 
is, however, incorrect, it being in the former language the article "^e," aft 
for example. — de Wit, the White; de Bruyn, the Brown; de Kock, the 
Cook; de Jong, the Young; de Koster, the Sexton; de Vries, the Frisian; 
de Waal, the Walloon, etc., synonymous with our English names White, 
Brown, Cook, Young, &c. 

It is also prefixed, in its different genders and cases, as, — 't Hoofl, (hct 
Hoofd) the Head; J. in 't Veld (in het Veld) J. in the Field; F. L. der 



lM9q SpirU of ne. 279 

Ebderen, F. L. of the Qifldren ; van der Hegge, of the Hedge ; Tan den 
Ber^ of the Hill ; nit den Boogaard, out or from the Orchard ; equivalent 
k) our Head, Field, etc. 

Te, ten, abd ter, meaning at or to, are also often used as, — te Water, at 
the Water ; toi Heugel, at the Hill ; ter Winkel, at the Shop. 

The Dutch preposition van before family names answers to the French 
^de^ **of^^ and was in early times seldom borne but by nobles, being placed 
before the names of their castles or estates. 

In later days, however, when family names came more generally into 
■se, many added to their Christian names their places of birth or residence, 
which were retained as family names ; as van Gent, of Ghent ; van Bern, 
of Berne ; van den Haag, of the Hague ; van Cleef, of Cleves; van Buren, 
of Boren. This latter is derived from the village of Buren, in Gelderland. 
It was formerly a domain of the Princes of Orange-Nassau, and many of 
them bore the title of Counts of Buren. Our Ex-President's family is, 
however, in no wise related to them ; bis name probably originated from 
Us ancestor having hailed from that town. B. H. D. 



SPIRIT OF 76. 

[Commanicated by Mr. Thomas Watibmait, of Boston.] 

The following document contains "Instructfons" to a Representative in 
the Massachusetts General Court previous to the national declaration of 
Independence. The Representative thus instructed was Capt Ebenezer 
Ilamden, who died in 1786. The author of the ** Instructions" is said to 
have been Rev. Peter Thatcher, who settled in Maiden in 1770, was dis- 
miss in 1784, became pastor of Brattle Street Church in Boston, Jan. 12, 
1785, and died Dec. 16, 1802. 

INSTRUCTIONS OF THE TOWN OF MALDEN TO THEIR 
REPRESENTATIVE, PASSED MAY 27''° 1776. 

Sir 

A resolution of the late Honorable House of Representatives, calling 
npon the sevend Towns in this Colony to express their roinds, with respect 
to the important question of SmWiCAll CnUfp^tlD^ntf f is the occasion 
of our now instructing you. 

The time was. Sir, when we loved the King and the People of Great 
Britain with an affection truly filial, we felt ourselves interested in their 
glory, we shared in their joys and sorrows, we cheerfully poured the fruit 
of all our labours into the lap of our Mother Country, and without reluc- 
tance expende(l our blood and our treasure in their cause. These were our 
sentiments towards Great Britain : while she continued to act the part of a 
parent State we felt ourselves happy in our connection with her, nor wished 
It to be dissolved. But our sentiments are altered, it is now the ardent 
wish of ourselves, that America may become FREE and INDEPEND- 
ENT STATES. A sense of unprovoked injuries will arouse the resent- 
ment of the most peaceful, such injuries these Colonies have received from 
Britain. Unjustifiable claims have been made by the King and his min- 
ions, to tax us without our consent These claims have been prosecuted in 
a manner cruel and unjust to the highest degree ; the frantic policy of Ad- 
ministration hath induced them to send Fleets and Armies to America, that 



280 SpirU of 76- fJdy, 



bj depriving us of oar trade and cutting the tliroats of our brethren thej 
might awe us into submission and erect a system of despotism which should 
so far enlarge the influence of the Crown as to enable it to rivet their 
shackles upon the people of Great Britain. This was brought to a crisis 
upon the ever memorable nineteenth of April, we remember the fatal daj 
-—the expiring groans of our murdered Countrymen yet vibrate on our 
ears!! we now behold the flames of their peaceful dwellings ascending to 
heaven, we hear their blood crying to us from the ground VENGEANCEf 
and charging us as we value the peace of their manes, to have no further 
connection with a King, who can unfeelingly hear of the slaughter of hit 
subjects, and composedly sleep with their blood upon hb soul. The man* 
ner in which the War has been prosecuted has confirmed us in these 8entl*> 
ments; Piracy and Murder, — robbery and breach of fhith have been con- 
spicuous in the conduct of the K ng's Troops, defenceless Towns have beeft. 
attacked and destroyed, — the ruins of Cbarlestown which are daily in oar 
view, daily remind us of this. The cries of the Widow and the Orphan. 
demand our attention, they demand that the hand of pity should wipe ibm 
tears from their eyes and that the sword of their Country should avenge 
their wrongs. We long entertained hopes that the spirit of the British. 
Nation would once more induce them to assert their own and our rights^ 
and bring to condign punishment, the elevated villains who have trample<l> 
upon the sacred rights of men, and affronted the majesty of the People*. 
We hoped in vain. They have lost their love to freedom ; they have losK. 
their spirit of just resentment. We therefore renounce with disdain ou^r* 
connection with a kingdom of Slaves; we bid a final adieu to Britain .^ 
Could an accommodation be now effected, we have reason to think that i'^K 
would be fatal to the liberties of America, — we should soon catch the con.** 
tagion of venality and dissipation, which has subjected Britain to lawles.:^s 
domination : Were we placed in the situation we werQ in in the year 177^ ; 
were the powers of appointing to office and commanding the Militia, in th -^ 
hands of Governors, our arts, trade, and manufactures would be cram()e<L^ ; 
nay, more than this, the life of every man who has been active in the cau^K^ e 
of his Country would be endangered. For these reasons, as well as mar^ ;j 
others which might be produced, we are confirmed in the opinion that tl^ik^e 
present age will be deficient in their duty to GOD, their posterity, ai^ d 
themselves, if they do not establish an AMERICAN REPUBLIC: Th ^ 
is the only form of Government which we wish to see established, for 
can never willingly be subject to any other King, than He, who being po 
sessed of infinite wisdom, goodness and rectitude, is alone fit to possess ui 
limited power. 

We have freely spoken our sentiments upon this important subject; bi 
we mean not to dictate — we have unbounded confidence in the wisdom am^ 
uprightness of the Continental Congress ; with pleasure we recollect th^^ 
this affair is under their direction: — and we now instruct you. Sir, to gi*'^ J 
them the strongest assurance that if they should declare America to be ' / 
Free and Independent Republic, your constituents will support and defeiHl ^ 
the measure, to the * 

LAST DROP OF THEIR BLOOD and the LAST FARTHING Z 

OF THEIR TREASURE. 




1849.] Nbtiees of New Publteatian$. 281 



NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

The Year's Remembrances. A Discourse delivered in the Meeting- 
Kouse of the First Parish in Cambridge, on Sunday, December 81, 1848. 
Hy William Newell, Pastor of the First Church in Cambridge. Cam- 
t)ridge : Metcalf &; Co., Printers to the University. 1849. 8vo. pp.16. 

This is another of those " occasional discourses," full of soul-subduing eloquence, for 
^vrhich Mr. Newell is so remarkable. 

The past year was one of uncommon mortality in Cambridge, especially amon^ children 
jand youth, nearly two thirds of the deaths that occurred in Mr. Newefrs Society being 
'from their number; " a proportion much greater," says the Reverend Pastor, " than in any 
fbrmer year, except one, of my ministry. It has closed as it began, with the tears of pa- 
nital bereavement As it passes away I again hear a funeral voice, saying, ^ Man that 
is bom of woman is of few days and full of trouble. He cometh forth like a flower and is 
<*at down. As for man, his days are as grass. As a flower of the fleld, so he flourisheth. 
I'or the wind passeth over it and it is gone ; and the place thereof shall know it no more.* 
Sat I hear also another voice, — a voice from Heaven, — saying, ' Suffer the children to 
come unto me, and forbid them not ; for of such is the Kingdom of Heaven. The flowers 
thMi were cut down shall bloom again in my presence with a fresh and eternal beauty, and 
tbey shall die no more.* 

' There la a Reaper, whow name is Death, 

And with hli sickle keen, 
lie reaps the bearded grain at a breath. 
And the flowers that g^w between. 

* He gated at the flowers with tearAil ejes. 

He kissed their drooping leaves ; 
It was fbr Che Lord of Pamdise 
He bound them in his sheaves. 

* My Lord has need of these flowerets gaj. 

The Reaper said, and smiled ; 
Dear tokens of the earth are they, 
Where He was once a child. 

< They shall all bloom in fields of light, 
Transplanted by my care. 
And Saints upon their garments white 
These sacred blossoms wear.' " 

** la our own congregation,*' says Mr. Newell, " although the number of deaths has not 
been much greater Uian usual, there have been some very severe and affecting caises of do- 
mestic bereavement Eight out of the eighteen who have been taken from us were from 
foor families, who have thus been taught by double and quick-succeeding afflictions the 
leMon which is usually repeated only at long intervals." 

We give the names, date of decease, and ages, of those whose deaths are commemorated 
ia thii elegant obituary. 

Joseph Staeey, son of Josiah N. Marshall, March 10, aged 19, of typhus fever. 

^J^ I chUdren of John Brewster, H"?® 7' u gj | scarlet fever. 

Samnel Stedman, " 18, '^ 53, typhus fever. 
Charles Gordon, son of Samuel Hutchins, " 30, " 6, disease of the brain. 
Mary Frances, daughter of James Kent, Aug. 21, ^ 16 mo., dysentery. 
*Manr Emilia Elizabeth, widow of the late Timo- 
thy L. Jennison, M. D., " 23, " 88, " 

• This Uidy was the daughter of Hov. Jowathah Bklobib, who was bom in Boston, July 28, 1710, 
padoatodat Harvard Ooll^ in 1728, studied Law at the Temple, in London, attained some eminence at 
tfaa Xagttsh bar, married, in Boston, in 1756, the sister of Jeremiah Allen, BherilT of Soflblk, and sabae- 
qwntly nmoved to Cbeboeto, now Iialifkx, where, in 1760, he was appointed Ueotenant-Qovemor of Nova 
Beotia, and in 1761 Chfef-Jostiee of the same Province, and where he died, March 29, 1776, aged 66. Me 
was tbe second son of Hon. Jonathan Belcher, who was bom Jan. 8, 1682, mdoated at Han«rd Ck>Ilete 
in 16B9, tmmt six years in travel in Europe, returned to Boston, married luury. daughter of Lieut. Got. 
William Partridge, (who died Oct. 6, 1786,) was a member of the ProTindal Assembly and, afterwards, of the 
Goandl, was sent to Kn^^and as agent of the Province in 1729, was appointed, by the King. Qovemor of 
Mwarhosetts and New Hampshire, Nov. 29, 1729, arrived at Boston with his Commission, Aug. 10, 1730, 
was sapaneded in offloe, alter a stormy administration, by Benning Wentworth, in New Hampshire, and 
WUHam Shirley, in Bfaasachuseits, in the year 1741, was appointed Oovwnor of New Jersey, on the death 
ofllBniUtafn, in 1747, in which offloe he conunued unttl his death, which occurred at Biiabethtown, Aug. 81, 
17S7. His remains were brought to Cambridge, and deposited In a tomb, which Is not only entinly destf- 
toli of an uucripHon, but, what is yet move sorprisiDg and iMiwmtaMe, has not ersn a ttone to show that 

18 



282 NoHees of New PiMietOianM. 

John, sonof John Darenport, Jr., Sept 4, ** 21 mo., dyient 

John Atkins, son of John Bead, " 18, "2, "* 

Marj^aretP., wife of John A.Fulton, " 19, " 38, tTphos fere 

♦Eliza N., wife of Nathan Rice, Oct. 3, "* 52, clisease of tl 

B^„^-p }child«„ofWn«.n,J.Cojre, {: «»■.: i1'„„Jdy.e 

Lizzie Brown, danfrhter of £. A. Chapman, ** 16, " 11 mo., 

tSamuelShcafcWillard, « 18, « 67. 

John Davenport, Nov. 28, ** 82. 

Sarah Peirce, danj^hter of Geoi^ Nichols, Dec. 16, "• 11. 

Jonathan Derby Robins, *" 21, ** 90. 

The Journal of the Pilgrims at Flymouth^ in New England^ in 
Reprinted from the Original Volume, With Historical and Loca 
trations of Providences, Pnnciples, and Persons: By George B. Ch 
D. D. New York: Published by John Wiley, 161 Broadway, and 
temoster Row, London. 12mo. 1848. pp. ix, 369. 

The above title, as has been justly observed by a writer in the Evening Trensrri 
cnlated greatly to mislead the casual observer, and to convey the impression ths 
discovery has been made in the fields of historical literature, a new treasure brou, 
from amid the accumulated dust and rubbish of two centuries. Indeed, it may re 
be doubted whether any one would ever imagine, that in this imposing volomo 1 
merely a new version of what is usually, but erroneously, called **■ Mourt*s Kbla 
work well known to every student of i^ew England history. Yet such is the im 
fact ; and we here have a handsomely execntecTreprint of the earliest publication n 
Plymouth Colony, containing a minute detail of the events attending its first se 
from the arrival of the May Flower at Cape Cod, Nov. 9, 1620, to Dec. 11, 1621 
by the actors tliemselvcs. The manuscript of this journal, or relation, was prob 
to England by Mr. Cushman, who sailed firom Plymouth, in the Fortune, Dec. 
and was printed in London, in a small quarto volume, of some eighty pages, in L 
an introductory address " to the reader," signed by " G Mourt," a manifest corni 
G. Morton. An abridgment of the original work was published by Purchns, in 
grims, in 1625. This abridgment was printed many years since in the Massi 
Historical Collections ; and at a much more recent date, the omitted ])ortions v 

Srinted in the same work. The first complete reprint of the original tract was 
tev. Dr. Young, in his " Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers," published a 
in 1844. To tlic rich stores of information contained in Dr. Young's able am 
upon the earlv narratives of the Pilgrims, Dr. Chcever readily acknowledges his i 
ness. Indeed, but little is to be gleaned in any field over which Dr. Young 
passed ; it is well nigh a hopeless task for any subsequent explorer to endeavor t< 
a single grain wherewith to grace his own basket — he finds nothing but chaff. 

We have spoken of Dr. Cheevcr's edition of the " Relation " as a handsomely 
reprint. It is, truly, a beautiful book, so far as regards mechanical cxecntioi 
creditable to the taste l>oth of editor and publisher. The " Historical and Local 
tions," too, which occupy more than two thirds of the work, abound — we arc Mn 

there \b any tomb there; the rery existence of which is now known to but fif>w penons Go 
waB the only «on of Hon. Andrew Belcher, who wan bom in Cambridge, Jan. 10, 1647. removi^ 
where he became the most opulent merchant of his time, " an ornament and bleMing to hit 
was a Captain, an AMistant, one of the Council of Safrty in 1680, and a Connaellor from 1702 till 
Oct. 81, 1717, at the ago of 70. ThL^ last was the aon of Andrew Belcher, of Sudbury, in IC 
Cambridge in 1646, a member of the Church and the Artillery Company, who married Elixabe 
ter of Nicholas Danforth, and wan the flnt to whom leave was granted by the '' Townsmen t 
and bread, fbr entertainment of strangers, and the good of the Town." Nothing remains to de: 
last reating-place but a foot-stone, by the side of that of his wife KUzabetb, (who died June 26, 
«2 years,) bearinr the initials " A. B.'' 

•Sept. 18, 184«, di«l Caroline P., wife of the Rev. John F. W. Ware, of this Cltr, and dangh 
than RIee, aged 28. Sept. 26th, died, at the mildence of Nathan Rice, of this CHy, Mrs. Ueair 
nUet of Dr. Lerl Tincoln, of Uingham, aged 78. Oct. 8d, died, at Hingham, at the residenc« o 
nis LeaTltt, Mrs. Elha N. lUoe, wife of Nathan Rice, of this City, and daughter of the late Dr. 
wdn, of Hfaagham, aged 52. 

** Lcnrely and pleasant In their lives. In their death they were not dirided.'^ 

Set Cambridge Ckroniele,/ar Thuriidav, Oct. '. 

t He was a son of Rer. Joskpr Willaep, President of Harvard College from Dec. 19, 1781. till 
Bept 25, 1804 ; who was son of Rer. Samuel Willard, of BIddeford, Maine ; who was son of Joh 
a merotaiant aft Ringston, Jamaica ; who was t'le fourth child and second son of Rer. Samuel WU 
PTeiidsDt of Hanrard College tnm 8ept 6, 1701, to Aug. 14, 1707 ; which last was the second so 
Mnon Wllkrd, sacee8dv<efy of Oambrldgo, Gonoord, asKl Orotoo, who died at Cbarlestowa, 
MM. 



1M9.] Nadcei of New Publuxstiona. 288 

mdj to MdokomMgt — in beaiitiftil putaffes, in doqnent exprearions of Tigorons thought, 
in TiTid pictures of a glowing fiuicj. Bat nere our praiso must stop ; and wo must conresi 
that, as n whole, the work u rery fiur from receiving oar unqaalineid approi^. We are 
confident, moreover, that oar opinion thereof is thai of nearly every person, in New Eng- 
land, who has seen and examined the work. The objections against it are twofold, having 
leference both to its manner and matter. And first, of its manner, or method, of intcmu 
arrangement. 

The original work may be considered as divided into three parts, namely, the introduc- 

toiy portion, the Journal proper, and the appendix or conclusion. And each of these nat- 

ml divbions is again suhdirided into smaller ones. Thus, the introductory portion is 

composed of the address ** To the Reader,** signed by " G. Monrt," a letter from Mr. Cush- 

■an " to his much respected friend " Mr. John Pierce, and John Robinson's partin<^ letter 

«f adrioe to the Pilgrims. The Journal proper is divided into several parts, each of which 

fMrms a distinct and complete narrative of some period or event in the early history of the 

Colonists, as, for instance, the annals of the settlement from the arrival at Cupc Cod to 

Kareh S3, 1621 j then an account of ** A Journey to Packanokik," in July, 1621 ; then the 

Miratire of ^ A Voyage to the Kingdome of Nansct,** which is followed by the account of 

"A Jonmey to the Kingdome of Namaschet," in the month of August ; and the Journal 

CMiclndes with ** a Relation of our Voyage to the Massachusetts,** in Se])tember. Next 

cnnes a letter from Edward Winslow to'some friend (perhaps George Morton) in England, 

ltd the Tolnme closes with Robert Cushman*s ** Reasons & considerations touching the 

kwMnesae of removing out of England into the parts of America.** Kow what couFse 

has Dr. Cheever pursu^ with rep;ard to these several divisions ? He has preserved them, 

ll is true, exactly as in the origmal; but he has inserted between every two of them a 




i^ginal ? Is this giving us a faithful reprint of a historical work ? No one will dare to 
snwer in the affirmative. No ! it is a scandalous way to reprint any book, more espcc- 
isUt a historical treatise, whose great value must always depend upon the faithfulness 
vita which the original is followed. It is a style of reproduction against which wc most 
ttennonslf protest It is but second-rate Vandalism. Give us any exact reprint of the 
eriginal, with no addition save that of notes at the bottom of the page, or at the end of the 
work, in the shape of an appendix ; and let the authorship of these be distinctiv made 
known, that no doubts may arise in the mind of the reader on the subject. Dr. C&ecver*s 
cxplaaatoiT pages might and should have been reduced to the form of notes, or have been 
ybosd at too end of the book; but never, never, should they have been foisted in between 
the lataral divisions of the text It is altogether too much the fashion, now-a-dayta. for a 
esrtain daas of editors, (who, we arc sorry to say it, are usually clergymen,) to remodel 
their originals after their own fancies. V^c openly and loudly denounce all such editors, 
«B ntteny condemn sudi jiretended reprints, as a'fraud upon the community. Not even 
ftn woiks of Dr. Young, who desen'caly ranks so high as an editor and annotator, ore 
eaiirely free from censure on this point We consider it a sad mistake, and one greatly to 
he regretted, that he should have seen fit to divide his valuable and interesting *' Chroni- 
dss " into chapters, when no snch divisions existed, generally, in the original documents 
which they were compiled. 
HaTing spoken of the internal arrangement of Dr. Checver's work, we will now say a 
w words respecting the matter of which his ^* Illustrations " are composed. And here wo 
Id remark, that we have not read this edition of the ** Journal,** but have merely exam- 
it, cunorily ; and therefore, according to Sidney Smith, we arc the better qualified to 
I onr views on the subject nnder consideration. It has been hinted that there are 
of fact in Dr. Cheever*s annotations, and wc ourselves obser\'ed one remarkable 
JMtanee thereof, in the course of our hasty examination ; but of such we take no note in 
Ae present cose ; onr criticism lias regard to another point We wish to speak of the frc- 
fiencj and prolixity with which the reverend editor dwells upon the necial providencei, 
m eonspieuous in the early establishment and progress of the Colony at Plymouth. They 
mt bronght forth upon every and any occasion, in season and out of season, to arrount 
§&r Gosnold*s visit to Cape Cod in 1602 — for Squanto's captivity and subsequent residence 
la England — and for the putting back of the Speedwell, to ^ive additional zest to the detail 
ef Pieree*s disasters, and to enhance the beautiful simplicity of the narrative of the first 
Vut Has any one had the impiety to doubt the all-powerful and all -wise agency of God, 
in the planting this little band of pilgrims upon '* the stem and rockbound coast of New 
England, that Dr Oheever should think it necessary to devote some two hundred pages 
In expository arguments on the subject? Nay, even allowing that there was such a ne- 



J, is a work of this character — a purely historical narrative — a proper medium for 
pablieation of an editor's peculiar religions vi«ws, with which the world has not the 
K concern, and for which it cares nothing 1 We contend that it is not — we maintain 
that a historical work should be solely and strictly a historical work, and not a depository 



284 Notices of New Publications. [Jdy, 

for dogmatic theology. If Dr. Cheevcr thought that the pablic needed instrnctkm OQ 
tfais point, that it would be benefited b^ an elucidation ot the remarkable proTideoeei 
upon which he dilates with such satisfaction, why did he not put forth a separate tmtiie 
upon the subject, which might have been bought and read by any one who chose to don, 
and not convert the pages of a historical tract into the means whereby to adminiiterto 
each and every involuntary reader the some unwelcome dose of Pharisaical flummoy. 
It is this prodigiously strong savor of a whining and obtrusive sanctity, very pleanait 
to a few, but inexpressibly disgusting to most persons, which renders this tiook so re* 
pulsive to the lovers of New England history. The New Englanders of the nineteenth 
century, although eminently remarkable for their thoughtful seriousness of deportment, 
and comparatively elevated standard of morality, are not by any means a cant-loring 
people. The day for the collection and treasuring up of marvellous providences pasaea 
away with that learned fanatic. Cotton Mather. Such things will not eo down now ; thej 
are alike uncongenial to the tastes of the people, and unsuitable to the age in which we 
live. 

Let it not be said that our remarks are dictated by sectarian prejudice. Sectarin 
prejudice ! What is it ? The concentrated essence of unchristian intolerance — a bnni- 
mg, blighting, withering, scathing curse to the hearts of all within its influence — the dii* 
bolical embodiment of the most ungenerous passions of human nature, animated by t 
spirit of which the Archfiend himself need not be ashamed 1 Thank God, we harbor it 
not ! Wc abhor it, loathe it, despise it, as the foulest disgrace of the age, as the damnable 
invention of accursed spirits, seeking to vitiate and corrupt, bv the virulent infection of their 
own pestilential breath, the souls of frail and errins mortals ! Thank God that we cia 
shake hands with an Episcopalian, that we can call a Baptist, brother, that wc can exchange 
the offices of friendship wit!) a Universalist, that we can Ibten with equal satisfaction to 
the words of truth which full from the lips of Calvinist or Unitarian ! Thank God thft 
the obscurity of our intellectual vision is bo great as to render it impossible for us to per- 
ceive that a man's soul is white or black, his heart large or small, according to the tid 
with which he may be classed : that we arc in habits of close intimacy and daily inter' 
course with individuals of each and every of these sects^ and never yet so much as felt tho 
necessity or propriety of washing our hand after it had been clasi>cd by a CongrcgationalisC^ 
before we could extend it to an *' Orthodox ! " Wc are ready and willing to declare, witl^ 
that superlatively good man, Benjamin Colman, of Brattle Street, — the most pcrfec*^ 
model of what a Christian should be — that we acknowledge no platform but The Bibu^ 
that we will be bound by no creed save that of universal charity and toleration. 

With surh sentiments we have freely given utterance to our candid opinion conccmin^i 
the new edition of " The Journal of the Pilgkims," unbiassed, as we hope and be^^ 
lievc, by any unworthy motive, and seeking only to present our views of the good anc:^ 
bad qualities of the work in question ; setting it down as our firm conviction, that Dr? 
Cheevcr's edition of '' Mourt's Relation " is not a book suited to the taste of the majority 
of the reading community in New England. 

Catalosue of the Officers and Students of Lawrence Academy^ [at Gro— 
Um,"] from the time of its incorporation. 8vo. Groton. 18-48. pp. 84. 

This is, certainly, the most capital work of the kind which we ever saw. Not to mention^ 
the neatness and beauty of its typographical execution, but looking at it with the eye of an^ 
Antiquary alone, it is superior we think, to any *' Triennial" or "Annual" Catalogue,^' 
which has ever been published in New En;^land. Prefaced by a brief sketch of the foim- — 
dation of tlio ^' Groton Academy," and of the noble benefactions which induced the as'" 
sumption of the name of the " Lawrence Academy," this Catalogue presents us with brief^ 
notices of the persons, twentv in number, wlio have filled the office of Preceptor since tho > 
incorporation of the Institution, lists of the Trustees, Preceptresses, Assistants, and teach- 
ers 01 mu>ic, drawing, and writing, together with the names of all those who have been 
its pupils, arranged in two distinct alphabets, the one for males, the other for females. It 
is in tnis latter portion of the work — the list of pupils — that the Catalogue of Lawrence 
Acadeinv dcscn'cs to be taken as a pattern for all similar publications. The name of 
each male pupil is preceded by the date of his admission to the School, and followed by 
his place of residence while a pupil, and by such particulars as could be obtained re8|)ccting 
his subsequent career, together with the date of decease, when known. Most Catalogues 
would have stopped here ; or, if they gave the names of the female pupils at all, woukl 
merely append tnereto their then places of residence. But here we find the names of veiy 
many of the female puj)ils actually followed by the names and residences of those to whom 
they* were eventually joined in marriage 1 This would appear incredible, were it not that 
the circumstance is accounted for by the fact, stated in the Introduction, that the compila- 
tion of the Catalogue was the work of a lady. To a lady^ then, are we indited for the 



1849.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



286 



pmerration of /acts which will be of inestimable value, in future times, in the compilation 
of the genealogies of the mothers and daughters of the present generation I What would 
W9 poor Antiquaries of the present day not give, were we but in possession of such informa- 
tkm respoctinc; our great-great-grandmothers ! Melancholy, indeed, is it, that we are able 
Id learn so Uule concerning the ancient matrons of New England. Honored be her mem- 
NT. therefore, who has done her part towards transmitting to posterity a legacy the like 
K which we ihould have received from our fathers ! Her name deserves to l)e blazoned 
brth in letters of gold ; but as we are unable to do that, we will print it in CAPITALS, 
md declare to all the world that the name of Miss Clarissa Butler, of Groton, is one of 
thoie which will be held in everlasting remembrance among the children of men. — May 
ihe Uve a thousand years 1 

The International Art-Union Journal. Number 1. February, 1849. 
Goopil, Vibert, & Co., Publishers and Proprietors, 289 Broadway, N. Y. 
16mo. pp. 39. 

"Cor objects," say the Publishers, " are simply to diffuse among all classes, in a cheap 
braifknowledgeof the Fine Arts, and those who have produced them ; to present monthly 
1 biographical sketch of some distinguished artist, with such notices of the goings-on in 
mdcteI m the world of art as we may be enabled to collect. It will be to Painting and 
ninterB that we shall mostly devote our pages ; yet the congenial and analogous subjects 
of Sculpture, Music, the Drama, and Architecture will engage our attention." 

"Contributions will be gladly received from any whose leisure and taste lead them to 
d ei iie to express themselves in print on the topics to which our publication is devoted." 

''The Journal is sold for 6 1-4 cts. per copy, or 75 cents per annum, in advance." 



MARRIAGES AND DEATHS. 



MARRIAGES. 

AiELAT, Patrick, Esq , 9 April, at Trin- 
ity Church, Boston, by Rt Kev. Bishop 
Sastbum, to Miss Julta Cornelia, 
dau. of William Parker, Esq. 

Atkins, Mr. Benjamin F., of Boston, a 
graduate at Harvard College in the Class 
of 1838, 26 April, at Trinity Church, 
Boston, to Miss Harriet Louisa 
Cutter, of West Cambridge. 

AvBiif , Mr. Philip J., of Boston, 17 April, 
at Christ Church, to Miss Margaret 
P., dau. of the late Theodore J. Harris, 
of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Bakeb, Mr. Nathan W., of Brooklyn, Ct., 
11 April, in Boston, to Miss Emily, dau. 
•f the late Edward Hoi brook, Esq. 

BiABBOVR, Joseph, Esq., of Gorham. Me., 
to Mbs. Agnes T. D. Preble, widow 
of the late Eben P. of Gorham. 

BiARTOii, William Sumner, Jr., Esq., 4 
April, to Miss Ann Elizabeth, dau. 
of Samnel Jennis on, Esq., all of Worces- 
tor, Mass. 

ImNKTT, Mr. John C. F., of Charleston, 
B. C, formerly of Springfield, Mass., in 
April, at Richmond, Va., to Mary Car- 
OLiRB Phillips, dau. of the late Dr. 
Jtmes Gardner, of Lynn, Mass. 

€iAifBSBi.Aiii, Mellbn, Esq., of Boston, 



6 June, in North Danvers, to Miss 
Martha A. Putnam, of that place. 

Clapp, Mr. Hiram, to Miss Kebecca 
Jenkins, 13 May, both of Dorchester. 

Drake, Mr. Joseph N., of Dedbam, to 
Miss Elvira D. Shepherd, of Boston, 
23 April, at Boston. 

Fernald, Rev. O. J., Thomaston, Me., to 
Miss S. M. B., dau. of Dr. M. R. Ludwig, 
30 April, all of Thomaston. 

Grstg, Mr. George, of Boston, 26 March, 
to Lucy Hayes, dau. of Robert Waters- 
ton, Esq. 

Hammond, Mr. William, 7 June, to Miss 
Mary I. Mason, both of Boston. 

Hersey, Capt. Jacob, of New York, 8 
April, in Pembroke, Mass., to Frances 
G., dau. of Judge Kilbom Whitman, late 
of P. 

HoLDEN, Mr. Edward, late of Dorches- 
ter, now of Roxbury, 17 June, at St. 
Mary*s Church, Dorchester, to Miss 
Emily, dau. of Daniel Alden, Esq., of 
Belchertown. 

Jackson, Alexander, M. D., of Plym- 
outh, 14 June, in Cambridge, to Miss 
Cordelia Ann, youn^st dau. of tbe 
late Nathaniel Reeves, Esq., of Wayland. 

Jones, Edward J., Esq., of Boston, 3 
May, to Miss Emily D., dau. of Mr. 
James Campbell of Milton^ Mass. 



286 



Marriaget and DetdhM. 



[Jdy, 



Knowles, Capt. Allsn H^ of Brewster, 
Mass., 4 April, in Connecticut, to Miss 
Caroline, dau. of John Doane, Esq., 
of Orleans, Mass. 

Ltvermore, Mr. Edward M., of Cam- 
bridge, to Miss Julia Cabot, dau. of S. 
P. While, M. D., of New York, 18 April, 
at New York. 

Means, Rev. James H., (Harv. Coll. 
1843,i Pastor of the Second Church in 
Dorcnester, 6 June, in Boston, to Miss 
Charlotte A. Johnson, of B. 

Parkman, Samuel, M. D., of Boston, 
(Harv. Coll. 1834,) 7 May, to Miss 
Mary Eliot, dau. of the late Hon. 
Edmund Dwight 

Pease, Mr. David, of Bath, Me., to Eliz- 
abeth A., dau. of F. A. Van Dyke, 
M. D., of Philadelphia, 5 April, at P. 

PooRE, Benjamin Psrley, Editor of the 
Bee, to Miss Virginia Dodge, of 
Georgetown, 12 June, at Georgetown. 

Porter, Rev. G. W., Rector of St. Mary's 
Church, Dorchester, 9 April, in Bobton, 
to Miss Elizabeth Eustis Lanodon, 
of Portsmouth, N. H. 

Preble, Abram, Esq., of Bowdoinham, 
Me., to Miss Jerusha Polley of Ban- 
gor, 6 May, in Topsham. 

Raymond, Mr, Curtis B., 29 Mar., at St. 
Thomas's Church, New York, to Miss 
Lydia N. Osgood, hoth of Boston, 
Mass. 

Ritchie, Harrison, Esq., of Boston. 
( Harv. Coll. 1845,) in New York, 3 May, 
to Miss Mary, dau. of Frederick Shel- 
don. 

Rives, William C, Jr., to Miss Grace 
W. Sears, 15 Mav, in Boston. 

Robinson, John H., M. D., of Charles- 
town, 18 April, to Miss Mary £. 
Waite, of Leicester, Mass. 

Rogers, William B., Esq., of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, to Miss Emma, 
eldest dau. of Hon. James Savage, LL.D., 
of Boston, 20 June. 

Sargent, Henry, M. D., of Worcester, 
30 April, in Cambridge, to Miss Cath- 
arine Dean, dau. of the late Asa Whit- 
ney, Esq., of Boston. 

Sears, Mr. David, Jr., of Boston, to 
Miss Emily E., dau. of the late Goold 
Hoyt of New York, 29 May, at N. Y. 

Swett, Mr. H. W. to Miss Maria Lou- 
isa Kent, 22 March, at New York, both 
of Boston. 

Thatcher, Mr. Peter, Jr., to Miss 
Sarah Adams Estabrooe, 6 May, at 
West Cambridge. 

TwiTCHELL, George B., M. D., of Kecne, 
N. H., 11 April, in Boston, to Miss 
Susan E., only dau. of Gideon F. 
Thayer, Esq., of Boston. 

Vinton, Mr. C. M., of Jamaica Plains, 
Roxbury, 29 March, in Boston, to Miss 
Anne Bell, dau. of the late Stephen 
Badlaaif Esq^ of Boston. 



Wainwbiobt, Lt. Richard, U. S. N> 
to Sally Franklin, dau. of the Ute 
Richard Bache, Esq., of Philadelphia,? 
March, at Washington, D. C. 

Washburn, Alexander C, Esq., (Hut. 
Coll. 1839,) in Roxbury, 7 May, to Mm 
Ellen M., dau. of the late Hon. JoIa 
Bailey. 

Whitcomb, Mr. John D , to Miss Maw 
Gibson, 8 March, both of Boston. 

WiLLARD, Paul, Jr., Esq., of Chsriei- 
town, (Harv. Coll. 1845.) 9 April, in 
Boston, to Miss Maria Louisa, dtiLof 
Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clwk 
of Boston. 

Woodman, Mr. George, Dorchester, to 
Miss Lucy A. R., dau. of Joseph Howe, 
Esq., of Dorchester, 2 May. 



DEATHS. 

Adams. Mr. John, Hartford, Susquebtt* 
nah Co., Pa., 27 Feb, at. 105; a nali« 
of Worcester, Mass., and for some tioM 
a resident of Afmotomy, now West Cud- 
bridge. 

Adams, Mr. John, in New Orleans, 5 
March, 8b. 35. He was a native of West 
Cambridge : and his death was caoie^ 
by injuries received at a fire, in thedi** 
charge of his duties as First Assist**^ 
Foreman of Perseverance Fire Comp** 
ny, No. 13. 

A ha MS, Mrs. Persis. Cambridgeport, ° 
March, ae. 78, formerly of Medway. 

Adams, Mas. Rebecca, Medford, 24 F*^*** 
a;. 79. 

Almy. Mrs. Mary, Aurora, Cayuga 
N. Y., in June, ae. 97 ; formerly of W^" 
port, Ms., widow of William Almy. 

Appling, Capt. John, Carver, 29 
ap. 92 ; a soldier of the Revolution, 
oldest inhabitant of Carver. 

Apthorp, John Trecothick, Esq^ 
ton, 8 April, se. 79. 

Ashley, Maj. William, Sheffield, «-^ ' 
The Berkshire Courier thus nol^ ^ 
the death of the late Maj. William J^^*^ 
ley, of Sheffield : 

Major Ashley is descended from a ^JJ?^ 
line of distinguished ancestors. "X^* 
grandfather of Major Ashley, the I*.^ 
Col. John Ashley, was a son of Da^'" 
Ashley, of Westfield. Col. Ashley caiD* 
to this town as early as 1725, and locat*' 
himself in the beautiful valley of the 
Housatonic, where he continued to re 
side until his death. His son, the hte 
Major-General John Ashley, was theft* 
ther of the deceased, and died in 1799. 
Col. Ashley was the first lawyer tbal 
settled in the county, and both the father 
and grandfather were distinguished by 
many offices of trust, civil and military, 
which they discharged with great satis- 
faction to the public. Major Ashley 



1^9.] 



Marriaget and DeaHu. 



28T 



fiaduated at Harvard College, 1793; 
married a daughter of the late Judge 
Hillyer, of Connecticut, who still sur- 
vives, and settled upon the estate of his 
grandfather, where, oy his liberality and 
patriotic spirit, he has contributed largely 
to build up and sustain a flourishing vil- 
lage, now known, in honor to himself, as 
Ashleyville. The deceased was exten- 
sively engaged, during a long life, in va- 
rious branches of business ; as farming, 
milling, and manufacturing, requiring 
the aid of many operatives and depend- 
ents, who have soared largely in his 
extensive means, and felt the cheering 
influence of his sound practical judg- 
ment. In these vari<>us and extended 
concerns, he has sustained a character 
of irreproachable integrity and upright- 
ness. 

AsHToM, Mrs. Sarah, Boston, 10 May, 
e. 76, widow of the late John Ashton. 

Babbouh, Miss Mary, Newburyport, 14 
June, ae. 90. 

Babkbr, Hon Stephen, Andover, 18 
March, ». 77. 

Barnes, Mr. Thomas B., Boylston, 8 
May, ae. 93 yrs., 8 mo. 

Barnard, Mr. Jonathan, North Bridg- 
ton. Me., 9. 78; formerly of Harvard, 
Mass. 

Babmard, Hon. Hezekiah, Nantucket, 
25 May, s. SO. He had been a Repre- 
sentative. Senator, and Treasurer of 
Massachusetts. 

Bblbmap, Gen. Sewall F., Windsor, 
Yt., 19 June, s. 3S. Gen. B. has been 
very e.Ktensively known of late for his 
great railroad enterprises. 

Billings, Mr. Jesse, South Deerfleld, 19 
March, SB. 84. a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Boabdman, Mrs. Nancy, Cambridge, 14 
June, ae. 70 ; widow of the late Darius 
B., of Boston. 

Bono, Joseph, Esq., Wilmington, 21 May, 
SB. 65. 

Bond, Mbs. Nancy, Marblehead, 10 June, 
ae. 78; widow of the late John Bond, 
Esq. 

BoBLAND, Jambs Lloyo, Boston, 29 
March, ae. 29, eldest son of John Bor- 
land, Esq. 

BowBN, Mr. Jrremtah. Landaff, N. H., 
10 Marcti, ae. 9S; a soldier of the Revo- 
Intion. 

Bowman, Mrs. Susannah, Boston, 31 
Bfoy, ae. 100. 2 mo., 5 days ; formerly of 
Amherst, Mass. 
' Bbiooe, William S., Esq., Milford, Me., 
29 May, ae. G9; formerly a prominent 
merchant of Boston. 

BussBY, Mrs. Judith, Roxbury, 1 May,ae. 
86, widow of the late Benjamin Bussey. 

Cassbll, Mr. James, Truro, 18 June, ae. 
93; for many years a shipmaster out of 
Bofton. 



Chamberlain, Mb. John, Southboro\ 9 
May, ae. 75. 

CBiLD,MR.JosiAH,Waltham,9May,ae.78. 

Child, Mrs. Lucy, Cambridge, 9 June, 
ae. 87 yrs., 9 mo., widow of the late Sam- 
uel Child. 

Chipman, Mr. William, Oxford, Me., 30 
March, ae. 86; a Revolutionary soldier. 
He was born in Kingston, Mass., 14 Aug., 
1763. 

Church, Mrs. Mary, Barrineton, N. H., 
14 March, ae. 92 ; widow of Air. James C. 

Clift, Dea. Joseph. See Ko/rA, Dta, 
Joel. 

CoMiNS, Capt.Josiah, Thompson, Conn., 
3 May, sb. 86. 

CooLiDOE, Mrs. Mary Carman, Water- 
town, 29 April, 9. 84; pensioned widow 
of the late Samuel Coolidge. 

Co WELL, Mrs., Brookfleld, N. H., 14 Mar., 
ae. 87, widow of Dr. Samuel C, formerly 
of Lebanon. 

Cram, Mrs. Anna, Exeter, N. H., 29 
March, ae. 94. CCP* A sister of the de- 
ceased died within a few weeks, ae. 92, 
and three brothers are living, whose 
average ages are about 80. 

CuMiNGs, Mr. Joseph, Sharon, 5 June. 
ae. 94 ; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Dame, Mrs. Hannah, Kittery, Me., in 
June, ae. 95. 

Dana, Rev. Sylvester, Concord. N. H., 
9 June, ae. 70 yrs., 8 mos.. nearly. H« 
was born at Ashford, Ct.. 14 Oct., 1769 ; 
hisgreatgrandfather, Richard Dana, was 
a French Protestant, who, by way of 
England, came to America about 1640, 
and for some time resided in what is 
now Brighton, (then Cambridge,) Mass. 
He had a son and cT^ndson whose names 
were Jacob. Jacob. Jr., lived i n Ashford , 
and was the grandfather of the subject 
of this obituary. His father was An- 
derson Dana, a lawyer of Ashford, who, 
in 1772, took up his residence in the 
celebrated Valley of Wyoming. Though 
but three years old, Sylvester always 
remembered the journey thence; he 
rode on horseback behind his mother, 
who carried in her arms another child, 
an infant. In this manner, a country 
chiefly wilderness of near three hun- 
dred miles was passed, about fifty of 
which "spotted trees" were their only 
guide. This pioneer mother was Su- 
sannah, dau. of Dea. Caleb Huntington, 
of Lebanon, Ct 

When the terrible massacre of 1778 
was perpetrated by the Tories and In- 
dians, Mr. Dana's family consisted of 
seven children. In that massacre, the 
father and a son-in-law, Stephen White, 
were slain. The mother and her seven 
children found shelter in the wilderness, 
and after great sufferings found their 
way iMick to Ashford on foot 



288 



Marriaget and Deatht. 



[Jniy, 



In 1786, Sylvester and his older broth- 
er, Anderson Dana, returned to Wyo- 
ming. Here he applied himself to man- 
ual labor, by which he acquired the 
means of obtaining a college education, 
and was a graduate of Yale of the class 
of 1797. Becoming a preacher, he offi- 
ciated in that capacity in a great many 
places in New England, at Wilkesbarre, 
Fa., and as a missionary in the interior 
of New York in 1799-1800. About 1801 
he married Hannah, third daughter of 
Dea. John Kimball of Concord, N. H., 
who died in 1846 ; having been the moth- 
er of six sons and three daughters. Of 
these children four sons and one daughter 
died in infancy. The oldest son, Charles 
Backus Dana, Dart. Coll. 182S, Rector of 
Christ's Church, Alexandria, Va. Syl- 
vester, the second son. Dart. Coll. 1839, 
is in the practice of the law at Concord, 
N. H. The oldest daughter, Anne Kim- 
ball, is the wife of Reuel Barrows, M. D., 
of Fryeburg, Me. 

Among the manuscripts prepared by 
Mr. Dana, was a history of Wyoming, 
which was consumed in the Are that 
destroyed the house of his son-in-law, in 
Oct., 1848, at Fryeburg — the work of 
an incendiary. — Day fy Murdoch's Mems. 
of the Class of 1797. 

Davenport, Mr. Joseph, Cambridgeport, 
28 May, ae. 76. 

Davis, Samuel H., Springfield, 17 April, 
ae. 22, son of Rev. Emerson Davis, D. D., 
and Associate Editor of the Springfield 
Republican. 

Such is the brief announcement of the 
sudden departure of one whose loss is 
deeply felt and mourned by the wide 
circle of friends which his estimable 
qualities of mind and heart had drawn 
about him. He has been snatched away, 
in the flush of early manhood, even at 
the very moment when his prospects of 
usefulness were the brightest, when the 
future was rich in promise of an honor- 
able position in the affections and esteem 
of his fellow-citizens. 

Samuel H. Davis was born in West- 
field, June 27, 1826. In youth he was 
noted for his industry. Having nearly 
completed his preparatory studies in 

1839, and learning his father's intention 
not to allow him to enter College until 
he should attain the age of 17 years, he 
was very solicitous to find some occupa- 
tion wherewith to fill up the intervening 
period. Having procured a quantity of 
type from a printing-office, and learned 
to set them, he spent some time in fitting 
up an office for himself, and collecting 
materials, and began to print names, 
labels, &c., &c., on a small home-made 
press. At length, in the summer of 

1840, he issued proposals for a miniature 
newspaper, entitled the " Westfield 






Courier,** which be continued to «dit^e- 
print, and publish, at first in connectiot 
with a young friend, afterwards alone, 
throughout the Presidential campaign 
He thus imbibed a strong taste for th< 
office of a newspaper editor, which con— 
tinued undiminished through life; anc" 
he took especial pains to cultivate sucl 
a style of composition as he 
most suitable for one in that station. 

In his Senior ^ear in College younj_ 
Davis published, in connection with his: 
Classmate D. A. Wells, (now a membe 
of the Law School at Cambridge,) 
interesting work of one hundred octai 
pages, entitled "Sketches of William 
College," which deserves to be moi 
extensively known to the public. H -^m 
graduated with distinction at this Inst^B - 
tution, in August, 1847; and the nei^::. t 
week entered the ofifice of the Westfiel 
News Letter, where he continuetl, ■ 
Associate Editor of that paper, until hi 
removal to Springfield. From April t. 
December, 1848, in addition to hisediti 
rial duties, he discharge<l those of a 
assistant teacher in Westfiek] Academ* 
In the month of December, be becai 
Associate Editor of the Springfield R« 
publican, and was connected with th 
editorial management of that joum 
until his death. It has been said th 
** there has never appeared in this Coi 
mon wealth a person who united so mai 
and such eminent qualifications for ■< 
Editor. He was prepared to receit 
to understand, and aispose in their pi 
er proportions the innumerable deta^ 
which demand the constant attention 
an Editor, and which foim the da 
history of society and parlies. Exp 
ence would soon have enabieil him 
see clearly through their mazes, and 
extract from their contradictions C 
portion of truth which they conta- 
He was, besides, from early practi 
pcifectly acquainted with the whole 
of printing." His mind was very acti 
and his nervous system easily excit 
'^ His intellect was of a high order. W 
had a sound understanding, a caution 
judgment, a quick penetration of hum 
character, a pleasant fancy, a genial w^ 
a cultivated and delicate taste. As 
writer, his style was clear, terse, as 
vigorous, and often sententious and ejf^-* 
grammatical. He had remarkable 
satileness of thought and expressic* 
Some of his productions were grav 
argumentative, and others brilliant 
wit, and overflowinjj with genuine hu- 
mor. As a public speaker he was forci- 
ble and impressive, and sometimes elo- 
quent. As a friend he was noble, gener- 
ous, and sincere. The buoyancy of his 
spirit was irrepressible, even by intense 
suffering. His conversation, though 




:1849.] 



Marriage» and Deaiht. 



289 



sparkling witb wit and humor, was un- 
tinctured b^ a particle of venom. No 
malice embittered, no selfishness chilled, 
'the eenial current of his soul.' Seldom 
has death taken away so noble a mind, 
so true a friend, so esteemed a man." 

Mr. Davis was a collector of coins and 
autographs, and gave strong indications 
of an antiquarian taste *, and had his life 
been spared, it is not unreasonable to 
suppose that he might have lent his 
bnltiant talents to the preservation of 
some portion of our early history. 
Dsmsoif, Mas. Jams, New London, Ct., 

12 April, ae. 100 years. 

DoLiBER, Mrs. Sarah, Marblehead, 4 
March, ae. 98 yrs., 3 mos., 21 days. 

DwioHT, Hon. Edmund, Boston, 1 April, 
SB. 68. 

DwiOHT, Mrs. Louisa H., in Boston, 6 
April, ae. 41, wife of Rev. Louis D wight. 

Eastman, Capt. Joel, Salisbury, N. H., 
23 May, ae. 88, father of Hon. Joel £., of 
CoDway, N. H. 

Edwards, Mr. John, Cambridge, 3 April, 
SB. 64. "Mr. Edwards was an English- 
man by birth. He has resided in this 
City about 32 years, during which peri- 
od ne sustained an unspotted character, 
and secured the esteem and respect of 
all with whom he had intercourse." — 
Cdmbridge Chronicle^ April 5, 1849. 

Elliott, Mr. Richard, North Dan vers, 
9 May, te. 87 ; a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

£fe8, Mrs. Betsey, Boston, 4 May, as. 82, 
formerly of Lyndeboro*, N. H. 

Farnum, Mrs. Lydia, Smithfield, R. I., 

13 June, ae. 94; widow of Mr. Noah 
Farnum. 

Farrar, Hon. Timothy, Hollis, N. H.,21 
Feb., as. 101. 

The materials for the following sketch 
of the life of this eminent man, which 
has been prepared for the Register at our 
particular request, were principally de- 
rived from the discourse delivered at his 
funeral, by Rev. Samuel Lee, of New 
Ipswich. 

^Hon. Timothy Farrar was born at 
Lincoln, then part of Concord, Mass., 28 
June, 1747, O. S. ; consequently his age 
would have been 102 the 9th day of July, 
1849. He was graduated at Cambridge, 
in the class of 1767. He had considered 
himself devoted to the Christian ministry, 
and made some preparation for pursuing ' 
his studies in tnat profession ; hut the 
death of his elder brother at New Ips- 
wich rendered it necessary for him to 
take charge of the farm left vacant by 
that event. In the care of his farm, and 
in the instruction of youth, his time was 
spent till the commencement of the 
Revolutionary War. In the first attempt 
to organize a government by the people, 
he was appoint^ a Judge .of the Court 



of Common Pleas for Hillsborough 
County. He was promoted to the Bench 
of the Superior Court of the State in 
1791, and appointed Chief-Justice of that 
Court in 1802. This last office he did 
not accept, having determined to leave 
that Bench, which he did in the follow- 
ing year. He however accepted the 
Chief Justiceship of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for Hillsborough County, and 
also, on the new organization of the 
Judiciary in 1813, the Chief-Justiceship 
of that Court for the Eastern Circuit, 
embracing the Counties of Rockingham, 
Strafford, and Hillsborough. In 1816 he 
retired from public life, having served 
his country as a Judge in her Courts 
forty years, with the utmost fidelity, and 
with the highest honor to himself. The 
following year the death of his lamented 
wife occurred, leaving him thus alone. 

Although he was now an old man, 
yet there were before him more than 
thirty years. This period was a most 
emphatic commentary on the preceding 
portion of his life. What he had before 
sown, it was his privilege now to reap, 
in the peaceful fruit of a happy and 
heavenly old age. By the death of their 
parents, a large circle of his grandchil- 
dren were thrown upon his special care. 
This care he bestowed not only with the 
affection of a father, but with the ntmost 
accuracy of attention to their minutest 
wants. It was his privilege, on the 
sabbath next succeeding his one hun- 
dredth birthday, to listen to a sermon 
from one of them, having reference to 
the occasion. In 1841, in consequence 
of the removal of the daughter who could 
most conveniently take the care of him, 
he became a resident of Hollis. 

The ordinary accompaniments of old 
age seem hardly to have belonged to his. 
He retained his mental faculties, scarcely 
at all impaired, to the last. His memory, 
aAer he was one hundred years of age, 
was scarcely less perfect than at any 
period of his life. He remembered not 
only the incidents of his early life, but 
also those of the passing day and ^ear. 
He read much while his sight permitted, 
and then listened to the reading of oth- 
ers. Up to the last he had his own 
indepenuent opinions on all the impor- 
tant questions of the day, political and 
other. 

He retained the use of his bodily 

?owers in a degree equally remarkable, 
n his one hundredth year he rode on 
horseback ; and it is only within the last 
three or four years that his sight has 
been so s3riously impaired as to prevent 
his reading the scriptures in large print. 
The closing scene was in keeping 
with his life. He seemed ripe for the 
change. Hit death wis in the highest 



290 



Marriagei and IkaikB. 



sense a nalwred dettb. With very little 
disease the operation of the animal 
functions was rendered feeble, and tbe 
wheels seemed as if about to stop. But 
a short time before his death he fell into 
a quiet sleep, from which it was hoped 
be would awake refreshed. These hopes 
were not to be realized. His respiration 
soon became feeble, and more and more 
so, till, without a pang or the distortion 
of a feature, he ceased to breathe. Upon 
bis countenance was left, after the spirit 
was gone, the impress of his character, 
and an expression of that peace of Grod 
which marked his end. 

In attempting to delineate the charac- 
ter of Judge Farrar, we are embarrassed 
by its completeness. No one excellence 
stands out to arrest attention and invite 
description. Every element is there, 
and in its just proportion. All is sym- 
metry. 

As implied in this, he was a man of 
principle. He seemed to act on the 
assumption that "whatsoever is not of 
faith is sin." He had on all subjects his 
principles settled, and every thing, not 
only in religion, but also in the ordinary 
affairs of life, must be conformed to 
them. Every thing must be done right. 
There are some good sort of people, 
whose spirit is that of Christian oenev- 
olence, but. who are loose in their ideas 
of the mode of acting it out. Henre 
they often, in specific instances, sacrifice 
principle in the cause of love. Such 
was not his practice. Right was to 
him infinitely sacred ; and he never 
would, for the sake of some temporary 
advantage either to himself or others, 
violate its dictates. But the uniform 
kindness of his disposition prevented 
this firmness, which was the inevitable 
effect of bis veneration for the right, 
from ever assuming even the appearance 
of a harsh or unaccommodating temper. 

Candor was a prominent trait in his 
character. His earnest love for the right 
led to a careful and honest search after 
truth — and he acted in its light; and 
only when he could thus act did he act 
at all. So far as those who knew him 
best could discern, the description of his 
mind in this particular was perfect. 
Prejudice was entirely excluded. Any 
feelings of interest he might be sup- 
posed to have, in favor of the result of 
an investigation, seemed to have no 
influence. His "ruling passion" in such 
a case was love of trutn, as a means of 
judging of the right. Although of an 
ardent temperament, his ardor was laid 
aside, and ail evidence was laid in the 
just balances of a cool and discriminate 
mgintellect. 

This suggests another trait in his 
character; namely, an accurate intel- 



lectual discrimination, 
strong native powers of mind, and 
cultivated by a thorough course of si 
in bis youth, it must follow that, wii 
his ardent love of truth, and his cani* 
and impartiality in the search for it, 
would make distinctions when the 
were differences, and only then. "Wi^ 
premises thus obtained, and with a I 
of corresponding accuracy, the proc 
of his reasoning were scarcely less o*- 
erring than those of a mathemati^ 
demonstration. 

He bad a sound common sense. 









common sense we mean the applicati* 
of knowledge and good judgnaent to t 
common and immediately practical 
fairs of life. We often nnd great 
deficient in this particular. They 
familiar with abstract ideas and i|enr 
principles, but not with the applicati 
of them to the purposes of ordintt-vy 
utility. Not so with the remarkable 
man of whom we speak. While familS^ 
with those general principles which lie 
at the basis of science and of all correct 
opinion and practice, he was equally 
familiar with their application. His 
profession was fitted especially to give 
this practical quality to the treasures of 
his mind. This trait of character ren- 
dered its possessor eminently useful, not 
only on the Bench, but during the long 
period subsequent to bis professio«»al 
life — useful not only to his family. '^>at 
to others who needed and receivai l^i* 
advice. 

He was temperate — not only in "^^ 
modern technical sense, applicable }^ 
the use of stimulating drinks, bufc i* 
eating He lived in this, as in ev^jT 
other particular, by rule. To leave ^d* 
table with an appetite as good as w 
he came to it, was a rule he always 
served. Not long before his death- -^JJ* 
reply to the question to what he 
cribed his long life, he replied, " to t 
perance in eating." 

His equanimity deserves notice. — . 
was not constitutional, but the resuX '^ 
a rigid self-discipline. Though n^»- *"' 
rally not of easy self-control, such ^fc^** 
the power of his will, such the autl^ ^^' 
ity of his self-behests, that under wt» ^'" 
soever severity of trial, he neither *P^^* 
nor acted till reason bade and sanction^* 

He was the subject of strong domes* '^ 
affections. During his public life be 
was much from home, and deeply ^n* 
grossed in the duties of his profession. 
Vet he loved bis family and devoted a 
careful attention to its wants. After 
retiring from public life, he became the 
centre of dependence to many of his 
grandchildren, and to the last day of his 
life, he kept under his notice the minut- 
est particulars of the condition of every 



leQ 
ob- 



it 



1849.] 



Marriaget and Deatht. 



291 



one of them. ^ He was indeed a patri- 
arch. Hii children, his children's chil- 
dren, and their children, gathered around 
faiaa« to love, and revere, and almost 
mdore, and received from him the lessons 
of wisdom. 

He was cheerful. His natural tem- 
perament and his religion hoth conspired 
to render him so. His cheerfulness 
went with him through all the infirmi- 
ties and privations of age. As one 
source of enjoyment after another was 
dried up, it left no trace of gloom. 
Heaven more than supplie<l an equiva- 
lent for what was withheld. 

Blindness was the law of his life. It 
was evinced in all his domestic relatibns. 
He sought the happiness of all, and 
made the least possible demands upon 
the attention and care of others — a trait 
that went with him to the last. The 
tame spirit guided him in all his inter- 
coarse with society. 

His modesty was a striking chara^- 
teristic. He was always brought for- 
ward — he never obtruded himself Office 
was conferred, not sought by him. His 
deportment in all the relations of life 
was eminently respectful, howmuchso- 
ever his inferiors the persons concerned. 

He was a patriot. Every thing in his 
history was fitted to inspire him with 
love to his country. He had attained 
the age of maturity before the war of 
the Revolution. He was a witness of 
the events and a participator in the feel- 
ings that led to and attended upon that 
eventful period. He was placed upon 
the Bench at the first organization of a 
government by the people. In that po- 
sition and at that period of his life, and 
with a heart like his, the events of the 
straggle for independence, the organiza- 
tion of national .and state governments, 
the adoption of the federal constitution, 
in short, all the facts implied in our 
becoming a great and mighty nation, 
enlisted the deepest interest of nis heart, 
and made his country the object of his 
warmest affections. It is difficult for us, 
who were born in other times, to appre- 
ciate the love of country, of which such 
a man, in such circumstances, would be 
the subject The ardor of his patriotism 
never abated. He had an intimate 
knowledge of all the incidents in his 
country's history, up to the last week of 
his life, and an independent opinion on 
all the important measures of the na- 
tional government His opinions on the 
last presidential canvass were formed 
and defended on the same principles and 
by the same course of reasoning, as 
would have led him to the same result, 
ander similar circumstances, at any ear- 
lierperiod of his life. 

The religious character of Judge Far- 



I rar deserves special notice. It com- 
menced in early life. At the age of 
thirteen, he listened to a sermon from 
Whitfield, preached at Concord, his na- 
tive town. He had taken a seat in the 
gallery directly in front of the speaker, 
that he might have the best opportunity 
to observe his manner, and obtain a cor- 
rect impression of the man. But as the 
preacher uttered his message, curiosity 
soon gave place to a conviction of the 
sacred importance of the truths uttered. 
He was deeply impressed. That sermon 
was, never forgotten. The conviction of 
its truths was practical and permanent 
—and although he did not for several 
years make a public profession of reli- 
gion, yet he dated the dawn of his 
Christian life from that sermon. His 
theology was of the Puritan school, and 
his life was in correspondence, and par- 
took lar|[ely of the Puritan element. 
His religion was the religion of princi- 

f)le, and had his application to his whole 
ife — yet not of mere principle; his 
heart and warm affections were in it 
He enjoyed religion, and especially in the 
later period of his life. But a short time 
before his death, he remarked to a friend 
that his last days had been his best days 
— that he had never seen the time when 
he could say, "My soul hath no pleasure 
in thom." He was familiar with the 
Bible, and quoted it with rare anposite- 
ness. He studied it as he studiea Black- 
stone ; and his religious opinions were 
the result of the same careful investiga- 
tion of the one, as were his professional 
opinions of the other. His was " the full 
assurance of hope" — not in his youth, 
but in his riper years. His opinions in 
relation to himself were based on the 
same accuracy of knowUdge^ as were 
those on other subjects. Death was to 
him deprived of his sting. He had no 
fear of dying. "I feel just as ready," 
said he to a friend a few months since, 
'' to lie down to die, as to lie down to 
sleep." And as the event proved, the 
two were to be united. He lay down to 
sleep. He slept, and it was death. We 
may add, he awoke, and it was Heaven. 
Such, imperfectly sketched, was the 
life, such the death, and such the char- 
acter of the venerable man, who, after 
standing so long a patriarch in our 
midst, has at length gone to his grave in 
a " full age like as a shock of com Com- 
eth in in nis season." 

Faxon, Elisha, Esq., Stonington, Conn., 
2 April, fe. 78, a native of Braintree, 
Mass., but for nearly 60 years a resident 
inS. 

Fen NO, Mrs. Nancy, Boston, 17 June, 89. 
74 ; widow of the late William Fenno. 

Fbssendkn, Mft. John, Townsend, 16 
Jan., fle. 74. 



292 



Mcariaget and Deathi, 



[Jul7, 



FiSHKR, Mrs. Jans, Newark, N. J., sud- 
denly, 31 March, ae. 28, wife of Oscar 
Fisher, Esq., and adopted daughter of 
Phineas Bemis, of Dudley, Mass. 

Fljnt, Mrs. Priscilla, North Reading, 
4 June, SB. 87; relict of the late Col. 
Daniel Flint. 

Foster, Mr. Josiah, Beverly, 29 April, 

- as. 90. 

Fowler, Mr. Med ad, Westfield, 26 April, 

SB. o9. 

French, Mrs. Sarah, Northampton, 9 
May, ae. 90 ; widow of Asa French, of 
Williamsburg, who came from Brain- 
tree, and was son of Samuel French of 
that town. She was the daughter of 
Ezekiel White, of Weymouth, a son of 
Samuel White of that town, and a 
descendant of Peregrine White, the first 
Eoglishman born in New England, 
(born Nov., 1G20, in Cape Cod harbor.) 
She was born at Weymouth, Feb. 25, 
1799, her father removed to Goshen in 
1777, and she was married at Williams- 
burg, Feb. 14, 1784. The mother of 
Samuel White, and grandmother of Eze- 
kiel, was Anna Pratt, the daughter of 
deaf and dumb parents. 

Mrs. French was well acquainted with 
the ancestral history of her kindred and 
neighbors, the exercise of her mental 

Sowers were continued in a remarkable 
egree to the last, and her recollections 
of past events were fresh and accurate. 

FuRBBR, Mrs. Mary, Farmington, N. H., 
March, oe. 92; widow of Gen. Richard F. 

Gardner, Mrs. Elizabeth, Nantucket, 
6 March, as. 72, widow of Mr. Shubael G. 

Gerrt, Mrs. An.n, New Haven, 17 March, 
ae. 85; widow of Elbridge Gerry, one of 
the Signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

GoocH, Mrs. Abigail, North Yarmouth, 
Me., May, x. 94, relict of Mr. John Gooch. 

Gordon, Mr. Joseph, Searsport, Mo., 9 
May, s 90; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

GoRHAM, Mr. Josiah, Richmond, Me., 20 
April, SB. S.3, a soldier in the Revolution 
and the War of 1812. 

Haile, Mr. Coomer, Bristol, R. I., 22 
April, fle. 84; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Hall, Mrs. Eleanor, Tamworih, N. H., 
«. 32; wife of Mr. Obed Hall, and 
youngost dau. of the late John Carroll, 
Esq., of Pittsfield. 

Hammo.nd, Capt. Gideon, Maltapoiset, 
21 March, sd. 95, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion. 

Haroinq, Mr. Uriah, East Medway, 1 
May, £B. 89. 

Harris, Mrs. Eunice G., Boston, 11 
April, a?. OS ; wife of Mr. Isaac Harris. 

Harvey, Hon. John, Northwood, N. H., 
2 May, cc. 75; formerly Judge of Probate 
for Rockingham Co. He was son of 
Major John H., an original settler in the 
town, and a soldier of the Revolution. 



Judge H. had been a Representatiire and 
Senator, and was extensively known in 
Rockingham county. 

Hatch, Dea.Joel, 5 April, a. 79; Clift, 
Dea. Joseph, 6 April, x. 81 ; both at 
Marshfield. The^ were elected Deacons 
of the Congregational Church in North 
Marshfield, in 1810, and they were both 
found dead, the one in his bed, and the 
other in his yard. 

Haven, Dea. Moses, Framingham, 26 
April, SB. 82. 

Henderson, Mr. James, Feltonville, 11 
May, as. 80, formerly of Boston. 

Hildreth, Miss Hannah Z., at the Co* 
lumbia Female Institute, Wheeling, Ya.. 
27 Nov. 1848, of consumption. 

Hinman, Mr. David C, New Haven, 9 
March ; an engraver of much skill. Mr. 
H., has done great service to bis country 
by his excellent taste in producing many 
excellent portraits never oefo re engraved 
in this country. He bad just completed 
some which do him great credit, and 
had he lived to carry out his intention, 
our history would not have gone without 
many of the portraits so necessair to 
illustrate it, and which he felt had Seen 
shamefully neglected. 

HoBBS, Ma. David, North Hampton, N. 
H., 4 Mav, s. 88 yrs. 10 mo., a soldier of 
the Revolution ; formerly of Effingham. 

Holmes, Miss Elizabeth, in Leicester, 
29 Mar., s. 35, dau. of the late Dr. Jacob 
Holmes, and for many years an Instruc- 
tress in Leicester Academy. 

HousELEY, Mrs. Anna Maria, Boston, 
18 April, ae. 85. 

Howes, Capt. Sahl. H, Cambridgeport, 
22 Mar., a well known steamboat com- 
mander. 

Howland, Mr. John H., of N. Bedford, at 
Bloom inj^dale, N. Y., 13 March, aj. 76. 

HuBDARo, Mrs. Hannah, Boston, 6 April, 
ic. 90 yrs. 1 mo. ; wid. of the late Peter 
Hubbard of Holden, and former widow 
of Mr. John Dodd of H. 

Hubbard, Dr. Joshua, Cincinnati, O., 13 
May, a?. 66; a printer, published a paper 
for a season, at Kenncbunk, Mc. 

Jenkins, Samuel — "The last of Brad- 
dock's men " — Lancaster, O., 4 Jan., ae. 
115 years. He was the (colored) slave 
of Capt. Broadwater, of Fairfax Co., Va., 
in 173't, and drove his master*s provision 
wagon over the Alleghany Mountains in 
the memorable campaign of Gen. Brad- 
dock. He retained his faculties to the 
last. 

Johnson, Mr. Nathaniel, Acton, 9 May, 
X. 87 ; a patriot of the Revolution. 

Jones, Mr. Elnathan, Lunenburg, 16 
Mar., JE. 74. 

Kidney, Jonathan. — This venerable cit- 
izen, known and respected here through 
several generations, revered for his worth, 
his exemplary life, and hit laborious dil- 



1849.] 



Marriaget and Deatht. 



293 



igence, hu fone to kit rest fall of yeaiSt 
mt the adTmnoed age of nearly four score 
jrears and ten. 

JoNATHAH KiDifSY (savs the Eve. 
Journal,) was born in this City, where he 
has resided (ot eighty -eigfu yean. He was 
consequently one of the oldest connect- 
iug links between the past and the pres- 
ent. He has sustained through lile a 
hlaoaeless reputation, and died, as he 
Hired, greatly beloved by his descendants 
and universally respected by all who 
knevir him. Mr. Kid.*«ey served his time 
as a Blacksmith and followed the busi- 
ness alwajfs. 

To the just tribute of the Eve. Journal 
to his private character, we add briefly 
some oi the principal incidents of his life : 

At the age of 17, Mr. Kid.nby was draft- 
ted as a militia-man, nnder Gen. Schuy- 
ler, in 1 777. His division was at first or- 
dered to Fort Edward ; but soon fell back 
upon Sarato^ AAerwards we hear of 
hixn at Benmngton, in both engagements 
at that place. Again, upon the intelli- 

KQce reaching that place of the expected 
ttle with Burgoyne, he was ordered 
hack to Saratoga, but did not arrive there 
until after the battle. 

The most eventful period of his life 
-was that which followed. He was one 
of a party who embarked at New Haven, 
Conn., in a privateer vessel. With the 
entire party he was taken prisoner by 
the British, and placed on board the 
Jersey Prison ship at the Wallabout. 
fie was confined there some six months, 
^t the expiration of which he was re- 
leased, but in a weak state, from the ty- 
x^annical and barbarous treatment he re- 
^^ived. He travelled on foot from Jersey 
_^ity to Newburgh, where Greneral Wash- 
& neton had his head-quarters, not being 
^abie to accomplish more than five miles 
^ day. He there received assistance, by 
^Mder of the Commanding General, and 
*^ook passage in a sloop for Albany. 

Mr. Kidney took an active part with 
*^he iriends of George Clinton, Robert 
^ates, Samuel Jones, Abm. Ten Eyck, 
Cen. Peter Gansevoort, Chancellor Lan- 
ding, and other prominent anti-federalists, 
against the adoption of the U. S. Consti- 
lution in 1788; and he participated in the 
high scene of excitement and collision 
** ivbich in this City followed the attempt 
of the federalists of that day to celebrate 
the event To the day of his death, as we 
are informed, he held in possession the 
cannon which on that occasion was 
planted in Green street, to dispute the 
passage through it of the procession 
neadM by Geo. Schuyler, Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, and their friends. The ven- 
erable Isaac Denniston is now the only 
survivor of those who witnessed that 
conflict 



A patriot of the Revolution, he was 
ever earnest in what he regarded as sy- 
nonymous with the principles and duties 
of tnat great epoch, and throughout his 
life was a deciued and consistent demo- 
crat — jSlbany Jlrfrut^ '29 March, 1S49. 

Kinsman, Mrs. Anna, Ipswich, t25 April, 
se. 92; widow of the late William Kins- 
man. 

Lavender, Capt. Robert, in Portsmouth, 
Va., at the residence of Capt. John M. 
Foster, 8 April, se. 32, a native of Prov- 
incetown, Mass. 

Lewis, Mrs. Rebecca C, Dorchester, 18 
April, a. 82, wife of Mr. Thoma.« Lewis. 

Lincoln, Capt. James, Machiasport, Me., 
IC May, ae. 73; formerly of Scituate. 

Livingston, Mr. George, Worcester 
I County, Md., 1 April, ». 93 ; a soldier of 
the Revolution. 

LoRiNQ, Mrs. Ellen M., N. Andover, 4 
March, ae. 2-1; dau.of Hon. D. P. Kinjj. 

Mandrake, Mrs. Elizabeth, Boston, 3 
June, ae. 92. 

Marshall, Mrs. Abigail, Hampton 
Falls, N. H., March, ae. 100 years. 

McCoy, Mr. Jonathan, Bow. N. H., I 
June, £. 97, a soldier of the Revolution. 

McLellan,Capt.John, Portland, 19 Feb., 
ae. 82 yrs. and 7 mo. 

McMillan, Mrs. Anne, Bellefontaine, 
Logan Co., O., 24 March, ae. 121. 

Meriam, Mrs. Martha, Lexington, 7 
May, ae. 83 ; widow of the late Rufus M. 

Merrill, Mr. Samuel, Kennebunk, 11 
June, ae. 70 ; he fell dead while walking 
in the street. 

Miles, Rev. John, Shrewsbury, 20 March, 
ae. 83 yrs., 4 mos.; he had been pastor of 
the Congregational Society in Graflon, 
nearly 30 years. 

Miller, James, Esq., E. Greenwich, R. L, 
17 May, x. 95. 

Montague, Joseph, Esq., Remsen, N. Y., 
30 April, oe. 86 ; a Revolutionary soldier, 
grad. D. C, class 1788. He was the 
youngest of five children, whose united 
ages at their decease were 425 years. 

Moore, Mr. Uriah, Slow, 31 Mar.,x. 7a 

Morris, Thomas, Esq., N. York, March. 
He was a son of Robert Morris of Phil- 
adelphia (so well known in our history,) 
and for many yeare U. S. Marshal of N. Y. 

Morton, Mrs. Abigail, Bristol, Me., 14 
May, a;. 100 yrs. 11 mo. 12 d.; relict of 
Mr. James Morton ; they removed from 
Roxbury, Mass., to B., towards the close 
of the Revolutionary War. 

MuLLiKEN, Mr. Benjamin, in Mechanics- 
ville, Saratoga Co., N. Y., at the residence 
of his son-in-law, Mr. W. B. Harris, as. 
86. The deceased was a native of Mas- 
sachusetts, and was in the War of the 
Revolution, for which he drew a pension 
under the Act of 1832. He left Massa- 
chusetts in the vear 1800, and settled in 
the town of Stiflwater, Saratoga Co., in 



294 



Marriage* and Death$. 



[3vi-^WM 



which town he continaed to reside to the 
time of his death. — Cambridft Chronicle. 

MuNRo, Mr. Joseph, Bristol, R. I., 29 
April, se. 89, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Nichols, Mr. John, Salem, 1 May, s. 72. 

NiCKERSoN, Capt. Samuel, Boston, 13 
June, se. 83, lately one of the Port- War- 
dens of the City. 

Oakes, Albert P., at Staten Island Hos- 
pital, of Small Pox, 17 Mar., s. 25, son of 
the late Capt. Thomas Oakes, of Maiden, 
Mass. 

Oliver, Mrs. Mary W. T., Plymouth, 1 
Apl.,2P. 31 ; wife of Henry J. Oliver, Esq. 

Osgood, Mrs. Lucy, Andover, 10 June, 
ae. 80 ; she was the widow of the late Ja- 
cob Osgood, and died in the same house 
in which Jambs Otis was killed by 
lightning. 

Owen, Philip, Esq., Brunswick, Me. 28 
May, s. 94; a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Packard, Rev. Hezekiah, D.D., Salem, 
25 April, ae. 87 yrs. 4 mo.; a grad. at 
Harv. Coll. in the class of 1787, and a 
soldier in the Revolution. 

Park, Mrs. Lucy, in Boston, 27 Mar. se. 
79, widow of the late John Park, of 
Framin^bam. 

Parker, Mr. William, Roxbury, 28 Mar., 
s. 86. 

Paementer, Mh. Levi, Sudbury, 11 April, 
ae. 8C, a soldier of the Revolution. 

Parsons, Mrs. Sarah, Skaneateles, N. 
y., 19 April, ae. 9-2; widow of the late 
Noah P. of Wcsthampton. 

Pearce, Hon. DuteeJ., Newport, R. I., 
5 Mav. ae. 69. We learn from the New- 
port News that he died at his residence 
at that town, yesterday morning, at half 
past nine o*clock, of erysipelas. He was 
i>orn in April, 1780, on the island of Pru- 
dence, ana was therefore sixty-nine years 
of age at the time of his death. He 
graduated with much honor at Brown 
University, and aAer completing his 
study of the law, he commenced his 
practice of the legal profession in New- 
port, where he remained till the time of 
his death. Mr. Pearce became eaily in- 
terested in political affairs, and in 1819 
he was elected Attorney- General of the 
State, which office he filled until 1825. 
He was then appointed Onited States 
District Attorney for the Rhode Island 
district, and in November, 1835, he was 
elected representative to Congress, in 
which capacity he continued to serve 
the people of Rhode Island until 1837, 
when he was succeeded by the Hon. 
Robert B. Cranston. 

Pease, Mrs. Elizabeth, N. Haven, Ct., 
28 Mar., ae. 26; wife of Thomas Hun- 
tington Pease, and dau. of the late W. 
H. P. Graham of N. York. 

PiAVEY, Mrs. Abigail, Tuf\onboro*, N. 
H., Mar , a;. 85 ; widow of Joseph P. 

Psrry, Widow Rkbbcoa, West Cam- 
bridge, 11 April, ae. 71. 






a, 



in 

in 

le 

«», 

26 



Pierce, Avoustus, M. D., Tyngsboi 

20 May, a?. 47. Dr. Pierce was a nati 
of New Salem, graduated at Ha: 
College in 1820. and was the author 
the far-famed Poem, called " The " 
belli AD," so well known to every 
of the University. 

Plumer, Mr. Daniel, Jr., Epping, N. ' 

21 June, ae. 46 yrs. 7 mo. ana 9 days, 
fever — a most valuable citizen: and 
a highly respectable family. JHe 
grandson of Samuel Plumer, Esq., 
of the first settlers in the town. 

Plumer, Mr. John J., Epping, N. 
1 March, a*. 49 : voungest son of Ex-G 
einor Hon. William Plumer, grand 
of Samuel P., Esq., an early settler 
that town, from Newbury, who d^ 
1803, at the advanced age of Si. 
venerable Ex- Governor still sunri 
aged 90 years. 

Reeves, Mrs. Elizabeth, Wayland, 
Mar., ae. 91, widow of the late 
Reeves, Esq. 

Richardson, Mr. Joel, Billerica, 3 
ae . 72 ; formerly of Boston. 

Richardson, Mrs. Saco, Me., 7 IkC^jTi 

8D. 101 yrs. 1 1 mo. ; widow of Mr. Natlk^o- 
iel Richardson. 

Robinson, Alexander, in Pensae^l^i 
Fa., in March, le. 26, Assistant 
U. S. Navy. 

Sackett, Mr. Jonathan, Milford, 9 
ae. 89., a soldier of the Revolution. 

Sampso.n, Dea. Nathaniel, West K 
tleboro', Vt., 25 March, ac. 95 j formi 
of Pelham, Ms. He was born in Mid 
borough, Ms., July 10, 1754. He ent 
the army aHer the battle of Bunker 1 
and was present at the action in Bn— ^ok* 
lyn and the evacuation of New Y^cDrk. 
He enlisted several times for short p^* ■*"• 
ods, and his military life — a par "^C of 
which was spent on board a privates ^'^ 
sea — occupied about three years. '^ 

1780 he settled in Pelham, Ms., wl-^^-ere 
he lived till 1806, when he remove^crW to 
Brattlel)oro'. In Pelham he appear^ to 
have first made a profession or religr'^'^i 
and he was early cnosen a deacon of t&0 
church. He was chosen to the 80X0^ 
office by the church in Brattleboro', »<H?fl 
after his settlement here. He ever roaifl* 
tained the character of a meek, consistent, 
exemplary Christian, and in society he 
was much respected for his integrity and 
his unassuming virtues. — The ^ memoiy 
of the just is blessed." — Com. 

Searl, Mr. Nathan, Southampton, 16 
Mar., OR. 89. 

Sea RLE, Daniel, Esq., Temple, N. H.,6 
April, s. 85. 

Sibley, Mr. Charles, Calais, Me., 1 April, 
s. 78; a native of Sutton, Ms. 

Simpson, Mr. Benjamin, Saco, Me., 23 
March, ae. 94 ; " one of the immortal 
• Tea Party.' " 

Slaughter, Capt. Philip, Richmond, 



•r 

■ 

11 



a, 
or 

of 



t- 

riy 
Ic- 
led 
illi 



1849.] 



Marriages and Deaths. 



295 



Vii^ 24 April, «. 00; an officer in the 
Revolutionary army. 

Smith, Mas. Mart, Portsmouth, N. H. 26 
JUarcb, m. 89, wife of James Smith, Esq. 
She was the great grand-daughter of Jo- 
seph Adams of Braintree, (grandson of 
Henry Adams, an early settler at Mount 
"Wollaston, now Quincy,) by his second 
"wife Hannah, who was the daughter of 
John Bass, and Iluth, his wife, the daugh* 
ter of the (amous John Alden, who 
came to New England in the Mat 
Flows a, in 1620. 

Smith, Mrs. Sarah, in Boston, 23 April, 
m. 76, widow of the late Ammi R. Smith, 
£aq., of Ipswich. 

SoMXBBT, Mr. Augustus W., of Boston, 
of Cholera at Chagres, 21 May, ob. 36. 
He was son of Mr. Ebenezer S. of Boston, 
and cousin of H. 6. Somerby, Esq., now 
of London, Eng., a young man much be- 
loved and respected. 

Stabkbt, Capt.Timotht, Essex, 4 May, 
SB. 84 ; a soldier of the Revolution. 

Stabk, John, Esq., Washington, D. C, 14 
May ; very suddenly ; he was grandson 
of Gen. John Stark, of N. H. 

Stxarhes, Mr. Daniel, Newport, N. H., 
4 May, se. 93, a soldier of the Revolution. 

8TBAaM8,MRS. Namct C, Milford, N. H., 
28 March, ss. 35. 

This lady was the daughter of Mr. 
Elijah F. Valentine, the present worthy 
Assistant Steward and Patron of the 
University at Cambridge, and was bom 
in Northborough, Mass„ Nov. 20. 1S13. 
Having filled the responsible situation 
of a echool teacher, m Cambridge, for 
several years, with ability and success, 
■he was married, Sept. 14, 1837, to Rev. 
O. O. Steams. Naturally of a retiring 
diaposition, she was most happy in the 
bosom of her family, occupied in the 
diachaige of the duties of a wife and 
mother, for which relations she was ad- 
mirably fitted by her mild and cheerful 
temperament, her truly Christian meek- 
nets and patience. - Suddenly and unex- 
peetedly prostrated upon a bed of sick- 
ness, she endured witn exemplary resig- 
nation the suffering with which she was 
visited; and, aAer a few days of pain 
and anguish, calmly breathed her last, 
in the full assurance of a happy resurrec- 
tion beyond the grave. 

8tohb, C^pt. John, Dublin, N. H.,13 April 
SB.84. 

BuMSBR, Mias Deborah, Dedham, 20 
April, ss. 70. 

*Xappan, Rev. William B., of Boston, se. 
95. We are pained to announce (says 
the Travellerj that our excellent friend 
and fellow citizen, Rev. Wm. B. Tappan, 
departed this life, at his residence in 
Gtantville, [in Needham, 13 miles from 
the city,] yesterday morning at 3 o^cIock, 
aAtr a sickness of about 11 hours. He 



preached last Sabbath at Mattapoisett, 
returned to the city Monday morning, 
and spent the forenoon at his office, and 
returned home in the cars at 2 P. M. 
At 4 o'clock, he complained of slight in- 
disposition, and took some medicine. 
Soon alter he was seized with spasms, 
accompanied with clammy sweat, cold 
extremities and feeble pulse, which con- 
tinued with increasing violence, baffling 
all remedies, till at 3 yesterday morn- 
ing, his frame, constitutionally feeble, 
sunk under it. He was sensible of his 
situation from the first, and expressed 
quiet resignation. During the spasms, 
his sufferings were very great; but, 
when an involuntary groan escaped him, 
he would say, '* understand, I don't com- 

Elain, it's all right.'* His sight and 
earing were affected, and he complain- 
ed of burning thirst, and when his attend- 
ants touchetl his fiesh, cold as marble, he 
would say, ^ O you bum m«." His end 
was peace \ and '' the memory of the just 
shall be blessed." The attending physi- 
cians pronounced the case one of spas- 
modic cholera. 

[We have reason heartily to respond 
to the sentiments above expressed, but 
our friend needs no eulogy from us — his 
works are alike his monument and his 
eulogy. To know him was to admire 
him. Modesty, benevolence, and indeed 
every virtue (bund an abiding place in 
his liosom. Nothing can be purer than 
the sentiments which floweu from his 
pen — they give evidence of the purity 
of their iountain, and they have gone 
forth in his poems like the innumerable 
rays from the sun, and must have a be- 
nign effect upon the rising world. 

Mr. Tappan was son of Mr. Samuel 
Tappan, who died in Portsmouth, N. H. 
in 1806, by Aurelia, dau. of Bing- 
ham of Canterbury, Ct., who died in 1840, 
85.77. — Pub.] 

Tbmple, Mas. Hannah B., Natick, 9 
June, IB. 39 ; wife of Mr. Jason Temple. 

Thayek, Mas. Chaelotte, in Worcester, 
at the house of her son-in-law. Claren- 
don Harris, Esq., with whom she has 
lived for some years past, 14 May, sud- 
denly, m. 79 ; relict of the late Capt Na* 
thaniel Thayer, of Boston. 

Thayee, Miss Rebecca, Boston, 2 May, 
se. 70 ; formerly of Braintree. 

TiBBETTS,Mas.MAROABET, Brookfield, N. 
H., 14 Mar. se. 94 ; widow of Edmund T. 

Tibekll, Mas. Mabt Tayloe, Boston, 
suddenly, 3 Mar., se. 70, widow of the late 
Capt Thomas Tirrell. 

TowNSLEY, Ma. Jacob, Steuben, Me., 14 
May, SB. 90, a native of Springfield, Mass., 
and a soldier of the Revolution. 

Teask, Mas. Saeab, Danvers, 17 Dec., 
1848., SB. 81 ; the eldest daa. of Mr. Wil- 
liam TiaSk, who died 22 Nov. 1806, aged 



296 



Marriage and Deathi. 



62. She was a lineal descendant of 
" Cnpt. William Traske" of Salem, and 
inherited a portion of the original home- 
stead, where her lengthened life was 
spent in kind assiduities, sympathies and 
toils in behalf of others — these in their 
effects will remain an abiding " memorial 
of her." 

Tufts, Mrs. Mebct, Weymouth, 6 May, 
SB. 85, relict of the late Cotton Tufts, 
Esq. 

Turner^ Mr. Calvin, Medford, 17 June, 
IE. 73. 

Turner, Mrs. Lydia, Antwerp, Jefferson 
Co., N. Y., 25 March, oe. 86, the relict 
of Cipt. Joshua Turner, and a pensioner 
for a number of years prior to her death. 
She was the eldest daughter and third 
child of Col. Luke Drury of Grafton and 
Marlboro', and lon^: since the last of his 
family of nine children. A numerous 
progeny, in children, grand-children, 
and great-grand-children, are scattered 
throughout the United States, to revere 
her memory. t. 8. t. 

Turner, Mrs. Mary, Auburn, Mo., 19 
April, s. 80, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Tyrrell, Mr. Jacob, Orange, 15 Feb., ae. 
SO, a Revolutionary Pensioner. 

Varney, Eunice, Dover, N. H„ 1 June, ae. 
99 ; a member of the society of Friends. 

VosE, Mrs. Mercy, at Concord, Ms., 20 
May, np. 80 ; widow of the late Deac 
John Vose of that town. 

Wakefield, Timothy, Esq., Reading, 
19 April, ae. 93, a Revolutionary Pen- 
sioner. 

Ware, Mrs. Mary Lovell, Milton, 4 
April, a;. 50. 

This lady, whose memory will long 
he cherished by a most extensive circle 
of friends, was daughter of Mark Pickard, 
Esq., formerly a merchant in Boston, by 
his wife Mary Lovell ; and was bom in 
Boston, Oct. 2, 1798. In June. 1827, she 
became the second wife of the late lamen- 
ted Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., D. D. ; since 
whose death (at Framingham, Sept. 22, 
1843,) she has resided principally on 
Milton Hill, where her peaceful, though 
not uneventful, life was finally brought 
to a close, amid the affectionate atten- 
tions and sorrowing regrets of her chil- 
dren and friends. 

Ware, Mr. Michael, Buckland, 7 May, 
<£. 84. 

Warner, Mr. Phineas, Belchertown, 9 
April, a;. 80. 

Warren, Mr. Silas, Upton, 10 Nov. 1848, 
ae. 95. He was among the soldiers over 
whom General Washington received 
command at Cambridge; he was also 
present at Dorchester Heights when the 
Americans compelled the British to 
evacuate Boston. After the establish- 
ment of his country^s independence, he 
lived upon hit farm in Upton to the time 




OB- 

*tts 
inj 



N. 



itt 



21 




R. I., recently, ae. 83 : one of the fout ' 
ers of that town. In connection w». 



of his death, where it was his delij 
in his hours of rest from agricalt 
pursuits, to entertain his friends i/^^^ ith 
revolutionary tales and incidents of "Vbe 
*' times that tried men's souls." 

He had been a subscriber/or, and c 
stant reader of ** The Massachus^ 
Spy,'* ever since it was published, hc^ 
Bevcnty-teven years. — Worcc^cr Spy. 

Wayland, Rev. Francis, Sen., Sanit 
Springs, 9 April, ae. 76. 

Weed, Caft. Alexander, Rochester^ 
Y., 30 Mar., ae. 79, a soldier of the 
olution. 

West, Mrs. Abigail, Taunton, 1 Max 
as. 79; relict of John West, Esq., oft 
place. 

Wheeler, Mr. Samubl, Rockport, 
Feb., ae. 90. 

Whitcomb, Capt. Ephraim, Boxbo 
17 April, suddenly, of apoplexy, ae. 7 
kind and amiable man, and exempt 
Christian. He was one of seven br(^ 
ers and sisters, all of whom have 
tained the age of 70 years and upwa 

Whitney, Mrs. Hannah, 10Marcn,ap. 

Whitney, Mrs. Mary, Hingham, 

March, ae. 79 ; formerly of Northboro"^ — 

Wilkinson, Abraham, Esq., Pawtuclc: ^^» 

■ d- 

-ih 

his brothers and the well known 

Samuel Slater, the manufacturing bu 

ness was there established. 
Willcutt, Mrs. Susannah, Cohass 

12 June, sc. 80 yrs. 7 mo. widow of I 

late Thos. Willcutt. 
Williams, Mrs. Abigail, Newburypo 

2 April, oe. 96 ; widow of the late Jose 

Williams, Esq. 
Williams, Hon. Timothy S., Ithaca, 

Y., 11 Mar., Senator of the 2Gth Distri 

of that State. 
WiLso.N, Mr. Francis T., New York, : 

April, oe. 83, son of the late Willia 

Wilson, of Boston. 
Wingate, Mrs. Mary, (widow,) Roche 

ter, N. H., 19May,ap.95 
WiNSLow, Mrs. Mary, Vassalboro', M 

25 Feb., OB. 89 ; widow of Nathan \V 

late of Westboro'. 
Within, Mr. Samuel, Wilton, Me., 

Feb., a;. 91 yrs., 8 mos.; a Revolutionar 

Pensioner. 
Wood, Rev. Benjamin, Pastor of th 

Congregational Church in Upton, 2^ 

April, a?. 70. He was a native of 

non, N. H., and was born in 1772, gradi^ 

ated at Dartmouth in 1793, and was o^^ " 

dained at Upton, as the successor of Rev^ ' 

ElishaFisk, June 1,1796. 
Woodbury, Mr. William, Boston, 1^ 

April, ai. 70, formerly of Salem. 
Woodward, Dea. Jacob, Marlboro', N. H., 

9 April, ae. 87, a Revolutionary Pensioner- 
Worth, Mrs. Velina, Edgartown, 7 JoDCf 

ae. 62, widow of Jethro Worth, Esq. 




ri 



^1 



r 



NEW ENGLAND 
JJSTORICAL AND GEWminOGICAL REGISTER. 

^OL. m. OCTOBER, 1849. NO. IV. 



tENEALOGICAL NOTICES OF THE DESCEND.VNTS OP 
SECRETARY BAW60N. 

[JViife. — In ottr last number we gave a brief outline of the publio 
BiplojmeDt^ and services of Secretary Raweon. We now present our 
eaden with a genealogical sketch of his posterity, jwineipally condensed 
rom the " Memorial of tue Rawson Family," recently published. 

A word of explanation may be necessary, with regard to tie system 
f references which w« hare adopted, it being, in some respecU. di&er- 
at from that enploy«d in the " Memorial." The Roman numeral 
refixed to a iu\me, indicatea the generataon, counting from the first 
ngenitor in this country. Beside this character, but one series of 
tunbers is made use of, »nd the same number is always found attached 
> the same individual ; thereby preventing all possibility of confusion, 
od affording the greatest facility for referoncc, backwards or forwards.] 

"We have mentioned, in the preceding number, that, of the five sons 
f Secretary Rawson, three settled in England. Respecting tvro of.j 
tiem, David (bom May 6, 1(544,) and John, we know nothing. Ed* ' 
'A&D, the eldest son of the Secretary, graduated at Harvard College 
* 1G63, and entered the Ministry. Of Ills subsequent career our only 
ftowledge is derived from Di^ Walker's " Attempt towards i-ecovering 
a Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of the Clergy of the Church 
f England," * whore his name occurs in the following passage, reladve . 
the Rectory of Horsmanden, in the County of Kent. 

" Good old Dr. Anherst had been Sequestred and forced from this ' 
4ving about the be^oning of the Troubles ; at which Time one £llea- 
'*n succeeded in it; but the Doctor dying about Five or Six Years 
^r, the Patroness presented this Mr. Couch, who made a sliift some 
■ray or other to get Possession of it, and kept it till about the Year 

•■An Attempt TowafdaReroverinean Account of the Nnmbert and SafTerinKi of iba 
Ctngj or lliF Church of England, who were Seqiictilcr'd, HairasB'd, &c.. io the Ute Timet 
nfibe Grand Kcbcllioii: Otauion'd by ihe Ninth Chapter (now the Second Volnme) of 
l)t. Calam}''! Abridgment of Ihe Life of Mr. Baxter. Together with an ExaminalJon of 
1W (3wptm-, Bj- John Walker. M. A.. Rector of St. Mary's the Mote in Exeler, and 
Bm time Fellow of Ezetcr-College in Oxfoid." Fol. Lond. 1714. Fut.lLpp. ~ 
19 




298 Notiee% of ihe BesceTidanta of Secretary Bawmm. [Oct. 

1653 ; at which time he was also Sequestred from it, and so makes a 
Second Sufferer here. Mr. Couch outlived the Usurpation, and de- 
manded his Living again of the Intruder, one Edward Rawsonj [pre- 
sented to it in 1655,] a New-Hngland-Msji^ and a violent Preshfterian. 
This Rawsonj as he had immediately succeeded Mr. Couchj so he was 
resolved to have continued in the Living if he could, and therefore gave 
him a great deal of Trouble to Dispossess him." 

Dr. Calamy, after referring to the above passage, in the third volome 
of his Account of the Ejected Ministers, * and citing Dr. Walker's 
assertion that Rawson was ^^ a violent Presbyterian," remarks that this, 
^' if true, was a little peculiar ; " and adds, ^^ Mr. Rawwn was ac- 
counted a good holy Man." 

Rebecca Rawson, the nxth daughter and ninth child of the Secre- 
tary, whose portrait accompanies our present number, is the heroine of 
as romantic a tale as can be found upon the pages of New England his- 
tory. She was bom May 28, 1656, was tenderly nurtured and care- 
fully educated, and was pronounced by her contemporaries " one of the 
most beautiful, polite, and accomplished young ladies in Boston." As 
such she became the object of the attentions of one Thomas Ramsey, 
a young man from England, of respectable appearance and pleasing 
address, who pretended to be Sir Thomas Hale, Jr., the nej^w of 
Lord Chief-Justice Hale. The young lady being of one of the first 
families in Boston, ^^ had the vanity," says a document preserved am<xig 
our public archives, ^' to think herself suitable to make ^e young Lord 
a wife." They were accordingly married, July 1, 1679, " by a Min- 
ister of the Gospel, in the presence of near forty witnesses," and being 
^^ handsomely furnished, sailed for England, and safely arrived. She 
went on shore in a dishabille, leaving her trunks on board the vessel, 
and went to lodge with a relation of hers. In the morning early be 
arose, took the keys, and told her he would send her trunks on shore 
that she might be dressed before dinner. He sent the trunks up, and 
she waited impatiently for the keys till one or two o'clock ; but he not 
coming, she broke open the trunks, and to her inexpressible surprise she 
found herself stript of everything, and her trunks filled with combusti- 
ble matter ; on which her kinsman ordered his carriage, and they went 
to a place where she stopt with her husband the night before. She 
enquired for Sir Thomas Hale, Jr. ; tbey said he had not been there 
for some days. She said she was sure he was there the nigbt before. 
They said Thomas Rumsey had been there with a young Lady, but was 
gone to his wife in Canterbury ; and she saw him no more." We are 
informed that during a residence of thirteen years in England, after 
her abandonment, she ^' learned many curious works, such as painting 
on glass, &c.," and by her ingenuity and industry procured a genteel 
subsistence for herself and child, her pride not allowing her to be de- 
pendent upon her friends for support. Determining to return to New 
England, she left her child in ttie care of her sister, in England, who 
had no children of her own, and embarked for Boston, by way of Ja- 



amj 



* ** A Continaation of the Account of the Ejected Ministers, Ac ^ By Sdmaod Gal- 
ay, D. D." Sro. Lond. 1787. L 543-4. 



1849.] jSMUu qf the LetemdcmJU qf SecreUxry BawMon. 299 

maica, in a vessel which belonged to one of her uncles. But her erent- 
fnl life was destined to a tragical end. The ship in which she had 
embarked, bemg just ready to sail from Port Royal, in Jamiuca, for 
Boston, was swallowed up, with its passengers and crew, upon the 
morning of the great earthquake, June 9, 1692, her uncle alone, (who 
happened to be on shore, completing the settlement of his accounts,) 
of the whole ship's company, escaping to tell the sad tale. 

Rebecca Rawson and her father are prominent characters in the 
highly entertaining little work entitled ^' Leaves from Margaret Smith's 
Journal in the Province of Massachusetts Bay," which has recently 
been submitted to the public. 

Having thus disposed of those members of Edward Rawson's family 
who left this country, we will now speak of those who remained in New 
England. And first of his third son, 

William Rawson, who was bom May 21, 1651,* and married July 
11, 1673, as appears from the following record in the ancient Family 
Bible. " This may certify all whomsoever it mav concern, that on y* 
11th day of July, 1673, on a certificate I received that William Rawson 
and Ann Glover, y® daughter of y** late Mr. Nathaniel Glover, had been 
duly and legally published, I joined them in marriage at the house and 
m presence of Mr. Habackuk Glover, his wife, Mr. Edward Rawson, 
fi^er of y® sd William Rawson, and other friends, as witness my hand 
0)^ Slst of July, 1673. — Edward Tyng, Ass't." The mother of Ann 
Glover, as we learn from a memorandum of Rev. Thomas Prince, ^^ was 
y* only child of M' Quarter-master Smith by his 1" wife, formerly of 
Lancashire in England and afterward of Dorchester in New England,'* 
and *^ was bom in Lancashire in 1630. Her Parents living und' y* 
ministry of y* Rev. M' Richard Mather at Toxteth in that shire, they 
came up and brought Her w^ them to Bristol in order for N« E. ia 
April, 1635. Her Father and others settling at Dorchester and a new 
Chh gath* There Aug, 23, 1636 y» sd M' Richard Mather became y' 
Teacher ; under w^ ministry she liv'd, unless w° sent to school at Boston. 
She married to M' Nathan^ Glover a son of y^ Hon^ John Glover Esq 
of sd Dorchester by w™ she had Nathanael and Ann. And then this 
Husband Dying^ she remained a widdow till w° she married y* Hon*^^ 
Thomas Hinckley Esq. of Barnstable," the last (jovemor of Plymouth 
Ciolony. " Her sd D*' Ann married to M' W*^ Rawson a son of M' 
secretary Rawson secretary of y® Massachusetts colony."t William 
Rawson resided in Boston for some years after his marriage, and then 
removed to Dorchester, and thence, finally, to Bnuntree, now Quincy,. 
where he purchased a tract of land from the descendants of his great 
uncle, Rev. John Wilson, being a portion of the grant made to that 
eminent Divine by the General Court of the Colony. This farm, which 
18 situated near Neponset YiHage^ adjoining the homestead of Hon. 
Josiah Quincy, late JPresid^t of Harvard College,. is. atiil. occupied by 
his descendants. 

His children were as follows: — 



• All dates are presumed to be according to Old Stjle. 
t See YoL L p. 95 of this work. 



800 Notiem itf tib IkicendMU ^ Seer€^JUmmu [(ks^^ 



Ann, born 


tin 


Boston, 


April 


11,1674; died in infimcy. 


Wilson, •* 


a 


u 




1675; « « «* 


Margaret, *^ 


u 


u 


Aug. 


1,1676; « « « 


Edward, <" 


u 


u 


Sept 


6,1677; « « « 


Edward, « 


u 


u 


Aug. 


29,1678; « « « 


Ttftclift^l, « 


u 


u 


Oct 


16,1679; « « " 


Dorothy, « 


u 


a 


Aug. 


8,1681; « « •< 


William. « 


ti 


a 


Dec. 2 


or 8, 1682. (1) 


David, « 


u 


M 


Dec 


13, 1688. (2) 


Dorothy, ** 
Ebenezer, ** 


ti 

u ] 


<< June 
Dorchester, 


19,1686; died young. 

1687; « Aug. 28, 1691. 


Thankf\il, " 


u 


i( 


Aug. 


6,1688; << Aug. 21, 1688. 


Nathaniel, '< 


U ' 


Braintree 


^ 


1689. (8) 


Ebenezer, ^ 


u 


a 


July 


24, 1691; died young. 


Edward, " 


it 


u 


Jan. 


27, 1692. (4) 


Ann, «* 


u 


u 


Aug, 


28, 1698 ; died in in&ncy. 


Patience, *• 


u 


u 


Nov. 


8,1694; ^ Nov. 14,16941 


PelatJah, " 


it 


u 


July 


2, 1696. (5) 


Grindal, « 


u 


a 


Aug. 


24,1697; died in infancy. , 


Mary, " 


u 


a 




1698; « « « 



The names of the above twenty children are found recorded in die 
ancient Family Bible. 

Grindal Rawson, the fifth son and youngest ohiM of Secretary 
Bawson, was bom Jan 23, 1659, and graduated, with three others, i& 
Harvard College, in 1678. After taking his first degree, ^* he was 
invited," so writes his wife, in a letter to Cotton Mather, "by his 
brother-in-law, the Rev. Mr. Samuel Torrey, to come to his house and 
study Divinity there, which he did, with such proficiency, that he was 
advised to enter upon preaching. He preached his first sermon at 
Medfield, with great acceptation, and after two months' occasional per- 
formances at other places, he received an invitation [Oct 4, 1680,1 to 
Mendon," in the County of Worcester, whither about twenty families 
had recently returned, the town having been abandoned by its inhab- 
itants during King Philip's War. The invitation being accepted, Mr. 
Rawson entered upon the duties of the pastoral office, and continued to 
preach until April 7, 1B84, when he was permanently settled. After 
an eminently successful ministry of thirty-four years, he died " on the 
Lord's Day, about sunset," Feb. 6, 1715, aged 56 years. A sermon 
was preached at his decease, by his fnend and classmate Cotton Mather, 
in the preface to which he favors us with an extract from President 
Oakes's Latin address, at ihe Commencement of 1678, wherein tiie 
Reverend orator was pleased to notice tiiree of the four members of flie 
graduating Class, viz. John Cotton, Cotton Mather, and Grindal Raw- 
son, making honorable mention of the progenitors of the latter, and ez- 
presnng his hope that God would endue him with the learning, sanctity, 
and mond virtues of a Wilson and a Grindal. Mather thus draws 
the character of hi% "well accomplished and industrious" friend, in the 
sermon just alluded to. " We generally esteemed him a truly pious 
man, and a very prudent one, and a person of temper^ and every way 
qualffied for a friend that might be delighted in. We honored him for 



LMft] JSbUm <(f Oe JDtscendmU qf Secretary BoMdn. 801 

lb indnstrioiig OTermght of ibe Floei m the mtdemeee which had been 
mnmiUed unto him, and die variety <^ Buecessful paine which he took 
or the good of those to whom Qod had therefore exceedinglj endeared 
dm. We honored him for his IntellecttuU Abilitieej which procured 
reqnent applications to him, and brought him sometimes upon our most 
lonspicuous theatres ; and we usually took it for granted that things 
roold be fairly done, where he had an hand in the doing of them. We 
lonored him for his doing the work of an Evangdist among our In- 
lians, of whose language be was a master that had scarce an equals and 
or whose welfare lus projections and performances were such as render 
lor loss herein hardly to be repaired." He used to preach the Gospel 
emlarly to the Indians in his neighborhood, in theur own language ; 
iiid publi^ed a work entitled '' Confession of Faith," in English and 
iidian^^^n the spring of 1698 he was ioined with Rev. Samuel Dan- 
(Hih,^ Taunton, in a commission to visit the several plantations of 
iidians within the Province of Massachusetts Bay, in pursuance of 
irders and instructions from the Commissioners for the Propagation of 
he Gospel among the Indians in New England and the parts adjacent. 
niese two gentlemen accordinglv spent from May 30th to June 24th, 
L698, in thS visitation. Their highly interesting and valuable report 
hereof may be seen in the tenth volume of the Collections of the Mas- 
lachusetts Historical Society. 

Mr. Bawson married Susanna, daughter of Rev. John Wilson, first 
oiinister of Medfield, and granddaughter of Rev. John Wilson of Bos- 
bOD. She died July 8, 1748, in the 84th year of her age, having been 
llie mother of eleven children, as follows : — 

Edmund, bom 1684.' (6) 

John, << April 26, 1685 ; died May 26, 1685. 

Susanna, <" Oct. 3, 1686. (7) 

Edmon, ^ Jaly 8, 1689. 

Wilson, «" Jane 23, 1 692. (8) 

John " Oct 1,1695. (9) 

Haiy, <' June 22, 1699. (10) 

Bacbael, <" Sept 6, 1701. (11) 

David, « Oct. 25. 1703; died Jan. 18, 1704. 

Grindal, « Sept 6, 1707. (12) 

Elizabeth, " April 21, 1710. (18) 

THIBD OXNERATIOK. 

1. m. Capt. William Rawson, eighth child and eldest surviving 
too of William Rawson, was bom * Dec. 2 or 8, 1682, and is supposed 

•On page 18 of the "MemorUa of the Rawson Famfly** it is stated that William 
lawion ** lisided in Boston a number of years after bis marriage," that '* the births of <sii 
of lib children are recorded there," and that ** be removed to Dorchester, where, according 
to tbe records of that town, Udo of his children were bom, and from thence to Braintree, 
WW QnmcT, to the ancient Rawson farm," &c. &c. Now according to this statement, 
Cbpt William Rawson, the tighth child of William, would seem to ha?e been bom in 
JMSsn. How, then, shall we account for the fisct, that on page 33 of this same wock, he 
ii aaid to hare been bom in Braintrtt ? 

Again, OB page U of the " Memorial " we are informed that this said tronbleaomi CSan- 
lllii fmiiam was bom Dec. S, 1683, and on page 83 his blith is reoocdod «l ' 
oeenned Dec. 3, 1683. 



802 



Ifotieef of the Descendants of Secretary Eawscni [(kt 



to have been the graduate of that name at Harvard, in 1703. He 
married Sarah Crosby, of Billerica, and settled in Mendon, as a farmer, 
irhere he died in October,* 1769. His children were, 

William, born Feb. 20, 1711. (14) 
Peme, " Oct. 8, 1713; Anna; 
Sarah. (15) 

Rachael, bom Sept. 19, 1716 ; married a Captain Torrej, and had fonr 
sons and one daughter. 
Anna, married Isaac Holten, and had four daughters. 
Peme, a daughter, born Jan. 1, 1727 ; died April 19, 1741. 

2. in. David Rawson, son of William Rawson, bom Dec. 18, 
1688, married Mary, daughter of Capt. John Gulliver, of Milton, and 
lived on his father's farm, near the Keponset Bridge in Quincy. He 
is said to have been a persevering business man, and distinguished for 
energy of character. He died April 20, 1752, leaving a valuable 
estate. His wife survived him, and her personal property at her de- 
cease is stated to have been valued at £212-12-4. Their children 
were as follows : — 

14. 1714. (16) 

26. 1715. (17) 
5, 1717. (18) 

20, 1718; married a HVinchester, and had two 

2,1720; died July 24, 1726. 
12,1721; " Aug. 17, 1721. 
30, 1722. (19) 

30, 1723. (20) 

31, 1727. (21) 
21, 1729. (22) 

17, 1731; married Samuel Baxter. 
81, 1734. (23) 

3. III. Nathaniel Rawson, son of William, bom in 1689, married 
Hannah, daughter of Samuel Thompson, of Braintree, and had six 
children, viz. — 

Samuel, 

Nathaniel, born May 27, 1716. (24) 

Barnabas, ** Aug. 11, 1721. (25) 

Edward, " April 19, 1724. (26) 

Rachael, « May 20, 1741. 

4. III. Edward Rawson, son of William, bom Jan. 27, 1692, waa 
a mariner in early life, and lived awhile in Boston ; but subsequently 
settled as a farmer in Braintree. He married Preserved Bailey, of 
Boston, had two children, Preserved and Ann, neither of whom lived 
to be married, and died in 1721, aged 29. 

5. HI. Pelatiah Rawson, eighteenth child of William Rawson, 
bom July 2, 1G96, married Hannah Hall, of Dorchester, and died in 

* Thus is it stated on page 22 of the ** Memorial ; ** but od page 14 we are informed that 
he**diedSept20, 1726"! 



David, 


bom 


Sept. 


Jonathan, 


u 


Dec. 


Elijah, 


u 


Feb. 


Mary, 


it 


May 


children. 






Hannah, 


u 


April 


Silence, 


u 


June 


Ann, 


(( 


July 


Elizabeth, 


c< 


Nov. 


Josiah, 


t( 


Jan. 


Jerusha, 


<( 


Dec 


Lydia, 


«l 


Jan. 


Ebenezer, 


u 


May 



N^tUrn t(f A0 Dueendofdi of SetreUKry^ Bmamm. 803 

1769, aged 78. His wife died Aug. 1, 1775, aged 88. Their children 
were nine in number, namely, 

Grindal. (27) 
Edward. 
Elliot (28) 

Elizabeth, died in 1780, aged 24; Sarah; Jonathan; Experience; Jon- 
athan ; and Ljdia, who married Dr. John Cleverly, and had one child. 

6. m. Edmttnd Rawson, eldest son and child of Rev. Grindal 
Rawson, was bom in 1684, was a farmer, and settled in Uxbridge, 
where he sustained the office of Deacon in the Church. He married 
Elizabeth Howard, of Bridgewater, and had three sons, 

Edmund, bom Aug. 15, 1718. (29) 
Abner, « April 24. 17?!. (30) 
Nathan, ** Aug, 4, 1724. (31) 

7. m. Susanna Rawson, eldest daughter of Re?. Grindal Rawson, 
bora Oct. 3, 1686, was married, in 1719, to Benjamin Rejnolds, of 
Bristol, R. I., and had children, 

John. (32) 

Benjamin, removed to Nova Scotia ; Grindal, removed to Putnej, Vt. ; 
Anna; Priscilla, married a Morse, and had one daughter, Mary (35); 
Sarah, married Seth Chapin. 

8. in. Wilson Rawson, son of Rev. Grindal Rawson, bom June 
28, 1692, was a farmer, and settled in Mendon. He married Margaret 
Arthur, of Nantucket, May 4, 1712, and died^ Not. 14, 1757, having 
had eight children, namely, 

Wilson, bom Aug. 18, 1713. (33) 

Priscilla, " Dec. 17, 1715 ; Mary, bom May 12, 1717 ; 

Grindal, « July 18, 1719. (34) 

Edward, ** April 2, 1721. (35) 

Stephen, « April 2, 1722. (36) 

Paul, « April 9, 1725. (37) 

Thomas, ** May 2, 1733. (38) 

9. in. John Rawson, son of Rev. Grindal Rawson, bom Oct. 1, 
1695, was a farmer, and settled in Uxbridge. He married Mercy 
Hayward,! of Bridgewater, Jan. 23, 1719, and had children, 

John, bora Nov. 9, 1720; Joseph, bora March 2, 1722-3, killed at Win- 
chester in the Indian War; Mercy, born Sept 8, 1725, died Feb., 1725-6 ; 
Rhoda, bora Nov. 22, 1730; Mercy, bora June 3, 1732. 

10. in. Mart Rawson, second daughter of Rev. Grindal Rawson, 
bom June 22, 1699, was married, April 9, 1724, to Rev. Joseph Dorr, 
her &iher's successor in the ministry at Mendon. He graduated at 

•On pa^ 21 of the " Memorial ** it is stated that he died Dec. 1, 1726, more than six 
fffot preTioos to the date assigned for the hirth of his yonngest childf which looks rather 
iiiqnaons, to say the least We have, therefore, adopted the more consistent date given 
Kb page 26. 

t An nnacconntahle discrepancy here occurs in the " Memorial,'' inasmndi as it is stated 
€D page 21 that John Rawson " married Mercv Viiigon, Feb. 19, 1790 ;** and on page M 
lie tame peison is made to marry and have children as in the text 



SH IfMcei of th$ DeBcmdomU qf Stcretmrji BtmnotL [OeU 

Haryard Gdlege in 1711, was settled in Mendon in 1716, and dML 
March 9, 1768, in the 79th year of his age. I£g epitaph infonna ok 
that ^^he was endued with good sense. Sls temper was mild and pla- 
cid. He excell'd in the virtues of meekness, patience, temperance^ 
sobriety, gravity, benevolence, and charity — was a good scnolar, 9i» 
learned Divine and exemplary Christian.'^ Mrs. Dorr survived heir* 
husband, and died April 9, 1776. Their children were as followa;-^ 

Mary, bom June 6, 1725. (39) 
Joseph, « May 24. 1730. (40) 
Katherine, '' March 8, 1732. (41) 

Susanna, '< Sept. 4, 1734 ; married Rev. Amariah Frost, May 28. 
1779. 

11. III. Rachabl Rawson, third daughter of Rev. Grindal Raw- 
son, bom Sept. 6, 1701, was married to Samuel Wood, of that part o; 
Mendon since called Upton. He was bom in 1696, and died in 1790 
His widow died in 1802. They had one daughter, 

PrisciUa, born in 1718. (42) 

12. III. Grindal Rawson, youngest son of Rev. Grindal Rawson 
was bom Sept. 6, 1707, graduated at Harvard College in 1728, stad 
ied Theology, and was the first Pastor of the Church in South Ebdle/, 
where he was settled Oct, 3, 1733, and continued in the exercise of InS 
minktry for about eight years, when, dissatisfaction having arisen 
among his people, he was dismissed. He removed to Connecticut, and 
was installed first pastor of the newly-formed Church at Hadlyme, in 
Middlesex County, Sept. 18, 1745, and there remained until his death, 
.which occurred March 29, 1777. It is said of him that " he was re- 
markable for pleasantry in conversation, and had an uncommon talent 
in reconciling parties at variance."* His wife was Dorothy, dau^ter 
of Rev. Charles Chauncy, D. D.,t the eminent Pastor of the First 
Church in Boston, and great-great-granddaughter of President Chaunoy, 
of Harvard College. She died in 1780, aged 70- Their children 
were: — 

Edmund Grindal. (43) 

Charles, a Physician, died in Rhode Island, aged 23; TVllson, died 
young ; Hooker ; Chauncy, and Dorothy, both died aged 23. 

13. III. Elizabeth Rawson, youngest child of Rev. Grindal Raw- 
8i^, of Mendon, bom April 21, 1710, married, 1st, Abner Hazeltine, 
of Sutton, Feb. 11, 1730-1, by whom she had one son, bom a few 
months after the death of his father, viz. — 

Abner. bora Nov. 5, 1731. (44) 

The widow Hazeltine married, for her 2nd husband, March 8, 1787-8, 
James Wood, of Mendon, by whom she had seven children, namely, 

* Edwards's Complete List of the Congregational JVCDisters in the Old Conn^ of 
Hampshire, Ms., in Amcr. Qaart Register, X. 882, 395 ; Field's StatistioBl Account of the 
County of Middlesex, Conn., pp. 80, 138. 

t Not " Rer. Isaac Chauncy, D. D., of Boston/* as erroneously stated In the *'MemoriaL" 
No saeh clergyman as "* Ber. Isaac Channcy, D. DV* was ever settled in Boston. 




1M9.] SMm qf A$ IhiCMdanU of SeerOary Itam(m. 805 

Edward; Thomas; Elisabeth; Grindal; 

Joaeph. (i5) 

Hezekiah ; and Stephen. 

FOURTH 6KNIBATI0N. 

14. rV. William Rawson, eldest son and child of Capt. William 
Biwson, bom Feb. 20, 1711, married, May IS, 1781, Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas Cook, of Uxbridge, settled in Mendon, as a Law- 
yer, and was considered a man of learning in his day. He died in 
1790. His children were, 

Thomas. (46) 

William was Sutler for the Rhode Island Forces, at Crown Point, in 
the French War, where he died. 
John. (47) 

Feme, bom Oct 24, 1741. (48) 
Edward, « July 25, 1744. (49) 
Margaret, '< May 14, 1745. 
Jonathan, "^ ^iarch 15, 1749. (50) 
Margaret 

15. lY. Saeah Rawson, daughter of Capt. William Rawson, mar- 
ried 8 Samiders, of Upton or Mendon, and had four children, two sons, 
Elijah and William, who both married and left children; and two 
daogjhters, one of whom married Capt. William French, of Mendon, 
and had Royal, Sally, Nancy, Eunice, Loniaa, and Kate. 

16. IV. DaYid Rawson, eldest son and child of David Rawson, 
bom Sept. 14, 1714, married Mary, daughter of Benjamin Dyer, Esq.. 
of Weyidonth, was ft farmer, and settled in Milton. His wife died 
Msreh 19, 1780, and he himself June 7, 1790. Their children were, 

Hannah, bom March 28, 1742, married John Ruggles, and died Nov. 10, 
1819; Eunice, bom Dec 3, 1748, married Abner Packard, and died in 
Albany, N. T. ; Sarah, bom Sept 25, 1745, married James Blake, and 
tted at Milton, Feb. 19, 1827 ; Dyer, bora March 17, 1747, married. Ist, 
SoMDiMi Webb, 2d, Abigail Pope, and died Aug. 21, 1817 ; Rebecca, bom 
May 6, 1749, died March 28, 1802; Mary, bora Feb. 1,1754, married 
Daniel French, and died Sept. 19, 1843; Nathaniel, bora Feb. 7, 1757, 
died in New York, Dec 11, 1780 ; 

Anna, bora May 21, 1758. (51) 

Eatber, "* May 6, 1761 ; died Oct 27, 1792. 

17. IV. Jonathan Rawson, second son of David Rawson, Sen., 
bora Dec. 26, 1715, married Susanna Stone, of Roxbury, Jan. 10, 
1760/ He lived on the homestead in Braintree, where he died in No- 
icmber, 1782. His wife died in 1773. Their children were, 

Jonathan, bora Aug. 7, 1762. (52) 

Stephen, ^ Aug. 26, 1766, died in Gibraltar; Susanna, died Sept 
11,1840; 
Mmry. (53) 
Hannah, married Israel Cook, and died in Watertown. 

*The ** Memorial " says that he ^as married " Jan. 10, 1786." But thii date being ut- 
Wy inemuistent with those assigned for his death, and the births of his children, ire ha^a 
HBlarad lo sabttitota whal we iii|^>oted might be the troe date. 



806 Natieei of ike Deseendanti of Seeretary Bawmm. [Od 

18. IV. Elijah Rawson, son of David Rawson, Sen., bom Feb. 6, 
1717, married Mary Paddock, of Swansey, lived a number of veargin 
Warren, R. I., and removed thence to PittBtown,>N'. Y., in 1785, whert 
he died in 1798, having had eight children, 

Jonathan ; Ann, married a Stone, and had four children ; James ; 
Samuel. (54) 

Edward, lived in Fittstown ; David ; Elijah ; Mary, married a SmUif 
had four children, and died at Lonsburge, N. Y. 

19. IV. Ann Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., bom JdT 
30, 1722, was married to Samuel Bass, of Braintree, Oct. SO, 174o, 
and had four children : *^ 

Samuel, bora Aug. 22, 1747. (55) 
Edward, « 1749. (56) 

Mary, « Oct 21. 1750. (57) 

WilUam, " July 19, 1755; died Aug. 21. 1755. 

20. IV. Elizabeth Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., bora 
Nov. 30, 1723, was married to Peter Adams, of Braintree, brother rf 
Rev. Jedediah Adams, of Stouahton, in 1756, and had two sons, 

Peter, bora July 20, 1760. 
Jedediah, << April 13, 1766. (58) 

21. IV. JosiAH Rawson, son of David Rawson, Sen., bora Jti. 
31, 1727, married Hannah Bass, of Braintree, Aug. 28, 1750, redded 
in Grafton for some time, and removed thence to Warwick, Mass., 
where he died in 1811. He is said to have been '' a man of steriing 
good sense, and lived and died a respectable citizen." His childra 
were, 

Josiab, lived in Richmond, Mass. ; Simeon, died in New York, leaviig 
ten children ; Jonathan B., settled in Alstead, N. H., and has four childreii 
Orren, Elmon, Jonathan, and Alanson, the last of whom is settled in tk 
ministry at Southboro', Mass. ; Lemuel, settled in Richfield, Summit Oo^ 
Ohio ; Anna B., married Thomas Leland, and settled in Guilford, Ohio; 
Abigail, married Joshua Garfield, settled in Royalston, and died April 1^ 
1831; 

Mary, bom in 1759. (59) 

Ljdia, died aged 18; Betsy; Hannah, died in Warwick; Amelia, nutf*- 
ried an Ellis, and settled in Orange, Mass. ; 

Secretary, born Sept. 19, 1773. (60) 

22. IV. Jerusha Rawson, daughter of David Rawson, Sen., bon 
Dec. 21, 1729, married an Eaton, of Boston, and had two daughteifi 
Jerusha, and Mary, the latter of whom married a Glover, of Dorchestefi 
and had seven children. 

23. IV. Ebenezer Rawson, youngest son and child of David Rti^ 
son. Sen., born May 81, 1734, married Sarah, daughter of Hon. Saifr 
uel Chase, of Cheshire, N. H., was a farmer, and settled in Snttoiu 
He was a man of genius and extensive historical attainments. Odb 
who knew him well thus writes concerning him. ^^ In stature he wtl| 
I think, full six feet, slender built, though with considerable breadth of 



1819.] IfMca of ihe De^eendanU of Steretary Itawion. 807 



ihraldera. His eoanienanoe was open, his noee aquiline, and his fore- 
kid projecting and high. His perceptive faculties must have been 
lente, from the very configuration of his frontal region. His step was 
dastic, and all his motions rapid and easy. I have rarely ever known 
a man ^fted with higher powers of conversation. This made him the 
delight of every circle. His mind was rich in reading, and his own 
reflections were oftentimes astonishingly brilliant. His memory was a 
vast storehouse of facts, always at his command, and I have heard him 
toe hours delight a small circle with sketches of early Colonial or In- 
dian History. In his composition there was a vein of good humored 
irony, which never missed his mark when let off. Tho peculiar bias of 
bis mind was antiquarian, and nothing delighted him more than the 
company of ihe clergy. With them he was sure to plunge into old 
Biblical History, with the whole of which he was perfectly familiar. 
His word was as good as his own or any other man's bond in Worcester 
Goonty. AltogeSicr he was a remarkable man, and as emphatically a 
Gemus as any person I ever knew." In the latter years of his life 
Mr. Rawson became strongly attached to the Quakers, adopted their 
eoatnme, attended their worship, and, in token of his regard for the 
sect, named a son for Marmaduke Stephenson, who was tried and im- 
jdaoned for heresy, in the early days of the Colony. His children were, 

Prudence, born Dec. 24, 1758. (61) 



u 



u 
u 



u 



u 



Lydia, 
Ebenezer, 
Sarah, - 
Abner, 
John, 
Jemsha, 
Samuel, *" 

Elizabeth, ** 
Ifarmaduke,) „ 
Kisaola, ) 
Maiy, 
Oanssa, ** 



April 23, 1760. (62) • 
Dec 22, 1761. (63) 
March 16, 1763. (64) 
March 2. 1765. (65) 
June 1, 1767 ; died young. 
Oct. 13, 1769. (66) 
Sept 4, 1771. (67) 
June 5, 1774. (68) 



April 18, 1777. (69) 

July 5, 1779. (70) 
Feb. 26, 1782. 
May 11,1786 (71) 

24. IV. Nathaniel Rawson, second son and child of Nathaniel 
Bawson, bom May 27, 1716, married, 1st, Mary Thwing, March 21, 
1787-8, and had one son; 2d, Rachacl Daniels, by whom he had 
deren children; and died in West Stockbridge, in 1803, aged 88 
jnuBm His children were, 

Silas, bom Nov. 17, 1739, settled in Palmyra, N. Y.; Raohael. bom 
Kay 20, 1741, settled in Conway, Mass.; Elias, bom March 1, 1743 ; Na- 
thaniel, Jr., born Feb. 19, 1745, married Miss Woodruff, Baker, N. Y.; 
Maiy. bom Jan. 18, 1749, married a Thwing, Conway ; Jonathan, bom 
Mnth 17, 1751, married Miss Baldwin, Victor, Ontario Co., N. Y.; Moses, 
bom April 26, 1753, married Miss Bussey; Anna, born Aug. 21, 1755, 
■airied a Parmely, West Stockbridge, Mass. ; Mary, bom Aug. 13, 1757, 
BMrried J. Wheeler, Grafton, Mass.; Elias, bom Sept. 4, 1760; Grindal/ 
torn Jan. 22, 1762, married Miss Grover, Windsor, Mass.; Abner, bom 
Hot. 11, 1764, married Mrs. Jeffords, died in Wayne County, Michigan. 



808 NotieeB of ike Deicendants of SeereMry Bmrnm. [Oet 

July 29, 1846, leaving three daughters and three sodb, of whom Amaiiih 
Bawson, of Rawsonv^e, in that State, is one. 

25. IV. Barnabas Rawson, third son of Nathaniel Bawson, Sen., 
bom m Mendon, Aug. 11, 1721, and continued to reside there nntfl 
after the birth of his fourth child, when he removed to Woodstock, 
Conn. His wife's name was Maiy, by whom he had, 

Lois, bom Aug. 24, 1744 ; 

David, « Dec 18. 1745. (72) 

Asa, "^ Nov. 10, 1748 ; Josiah, bom Dec 18, 1753 ; 

Ruth. (78) 

Elizabeth; Lois; Elizabeth. 

26. IV. Edward Rawson, fourth son of Nathaniel Bawson, Seo., 
bora April 19, 1724, married Deborah Warren, of Uptcm, and setfled 
in Mendon. His wife died Feb. 11, 1802. His cMlaren were, 

Levi, bom March 27, 1748. (74) 

Olive. <' Aug. 13. 1749, died Oct. 9, 1774; Hannah, bom June ^ 
1751 ; Eunice, bom July 25, 1753; Mark, bora Jan. 31, 1757, died Oct 
26, 1761 ; Luke and Oliver, twins, born July 6, 1759, the former died Not. 
9, 1759, the latter Oct 26, 1759 ; 

Thompson, bora Feb. 22, 1764. (75) 

27. IV. Grindal Rawson, eldest son and child of Pelaiiali Btw- 
son, of Milton, was bora July 29, 1721,* graduated at Harvard CoOegQ 
in 1741, was installed as first Pastor of the Church in Ware, Mass., 
May 9, 1751, was dismissed from his charge June 19, 1764 ,f was inr 
stalled at Yarmouth, as the successor of Rev. Thomas Smith, in 1765, 
where he continued until 1760, when, in consequence of a general dis- 
affection among his people, he was advised by a Council to aak a 
dismission. :|: He died at the house of Ebeneaer Rawson, in Sttiton, 
Mass., in 1795. His wife was Desire, daughter of Colonel Joeeph 
Thacher,§ of Yarmouth, by whom he had, 

Ruth, baptized Au^. 14, 1757, died in infancy; Jonathan, bom in 1759, 
was Aid-de-camp to Gov. John Sullivan, married a Gage, of Dover, N. EL, 
had one son, Jonathan Augustus, and died May 17, 1794 ; and 

Hannah, bom May 25, 1761. (76) 

28. rv. Elliot Rawson, third son of Pelatiah Rawson, was twice 
married ; 1st, to Sarah, daughter of Rev. William Russel, of Middle- 
town, Conn., by whom ho had one child, Sarah ; 2d, to Ann, daughter 
of Benjamin Gushing, Esq., of Providence, R. I., by whom he had, 
Ann, Elizabeth, Elliot, Cusbing, Mary, Edward Wilson, and Thomas 
Hooker. 

* Records of Harvard CpUese. 

t Edwards's Complete List of the Con^^oDal Ministers in the Old Conntj of Hanqn 
shire, Ms., in Amcr. Quart. Res^ister, X. 3Sd. 

t Pratt's Ck>roplete List of the Conj^gational Ministers in the Conntj of BamstiMe, 
-Ms., ibid., XY. 61, 70; Mass. Hist. CoU. Y. 60. 

S For a notice of this ^ntlemani his ancestors And fiunily, see Alden's CoUectioa of 
American Epitaphs, L 134, e< ttg. 



\ 



I IMUm ^ ihB Bneeidai^ 869 

IV. Edmund Rawson, eldest son and eUld of Edmund Rair- 
m Aus. 15, 1718, was a fonner in Uxbridge, and married Mar- 
Ian, of MedWaj, by whom he had, 

met (77) 

mnd ; Rachael ; Joseph, who married and left a &mily in Medway ; 

u (78) 

lY. Abneb Bawson, second son of Edmnnd Bawson, Sen., 
ipril 24, 1721, was a farmer, settled in Uxbridge, miurried Mary 
sister to his brother Edmund's wife, and had three children, 

h bom in 1740. (79) 

othy« (80) 

da, bom Oct 15, 174-.* (81) 

rV. Nathan Rawson, third son and youngest child of Edmund 
D, Sen., bom Aug. 4, 1724, married, ist, Mary White, by wk>m 
1 one son : 2d, Mary Chase, of Sutton, by whom he had six 
m: — 

lan, enlisted in the Army of the RoTolution, and died at Ticonderoga. 

T- (82) 
e. (83) 
L (84) 

wrd, bora in June, 1773. (85) 
as. (86) 

lY. John Retnolds, eldest son and child of Benjamin Rey- 
\y his wife Susanna Rawson, was first of Bristol, afterwards of 
lence, R. I., and finally of Boston, Mass. He had no issue by 
it marriage ; but by his second wife, Dorothy Weld, of Roxbury, 
i seven sons, four of whom attamed a great age, wlule one other 
irviyes^ These seven sons were, 

nel, who served in the Revolutionary War, married, and died young ; 

idaL (87) 

jamin, removed to Norfolk, Ya. ; John, removed to Strafford, Vt ; 

rard. (88) 

liam, died childless ; Thomas Capering, died young. 

IV. Wilson Rawson, eldest son and child of Wilson Rawson, 
lag. 13, 1713, married, and settled in Upton. His children 



bom April 1, 1755. (89) 

mas, settled in Maine, and left issue ; Abigail, mamed a Whitney, 
ford. 

IV. Grind AL Rawson, second son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., 
oly 13, 1719, ^< was a carpenter and cabinet-maker, and was much 
jniahed for his mechamcal genius, as well as for his general intet 

be ** Memorial " this date is Oct 1 5, 1 740. But this cannot posdhly he correct, if 
aeri^ed for the hirth of Silas is the tme one. 



810 Nation of the DescendanU qf Se^eU/rjf jBotraon. [Od 

ligence. During the War of the Bevolation he was employed bj tte 
U. S. Grovemment in the manufacture of utensils of war.'' He settled 



in Providence, about 1741, and died in December, 1808* He 
four times married. His first wife, Hannah Leayens, of Eillinj^j, 
Conn., by whom he had two children, died Dec. 21, 1750, and he 
married, 2d, Elizabeth Boyd, of Newport, B. I., who had mx children, 
and died May 31, 1761, (?)* aged 34 ; 3d, Zeruiah Harris, who hid 
one son, and died May 10, 1765, aged 84 ; 4th, Mrs. Nancy F^e^ 
man, of Providence, (sister to Colonel Atwell, of that place,) who died 
in 1771, within a year after her marriage, leaving one daughter. Hie 
children, by these several marriages, were, 

Joseph, bom in 1745/died Jan. 14, 1750; Hannah, died yotfng; Asxuk, 
born in 1754, died Jan. 5, 1757 ; Mary, bom in 1755, died Feb. 9, 17d9; 
Margaret, born in 1757. (91) 

Joseph, " Dec. 24, 1760. (92) 

Elizabeth, died young ; Benjamin, died young; Grindal, bora in 1768; 
Hannah, bom Aug. 18, 1771. (?)t (98) 

35. lY. Dea. Edward Bawson, son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., bon 
April 2, 1721, married Mary Morse, granddaughter of Benjamin Bey- 
nolds, by his wife Susanna Rawson, (7. III.) and settled in Mendoo, 
where he was Deacon of the Church. ^^ Nature did much for him, and 
he was a leading man in the affairs of the town. Being a staunch 
opposer of British rule, he was generally a member of the various eom: 
mittees, and was frequently a member of the Legislature previom to 
and during the Revolutionary War. He was also a member of the 
Convention to form a Constitution for the State in 1780. In the latter 
part of his life, he removed to Leicester, where he died at an advanced 
age, having lost his eye-sight several years previous to his death." His 
children were. 

Hooker, bora April 21, 1749; Edward, bora June 19, 1754, wait 
Physician, and died young ; Anna, bora Sept. 22. 1756 ; Arthur, bora 
Nov. 17, 1758, a Physician in Hardwick; Mephibosheth, bom Aug. 7, 
1763, died Aug. 9, 1763 ; Elizabeth, married Dea. Seth Chapin, of Men- 
don, Oct. 27, 1767 ; Mary, married Dr. Levi Willard, of Mendon, April 
28, 1774; Nancy. 

36. IV. Dea. Stephen Rawson, son of Wilson Rawson, Sea., 
born April 2, 1722, settled in Providence, R. I., and was a Deacon of 
the 2d Congregational Church in that town. From him was derived 
the right, now vested in the Rawson Fountain Company, of drawing 
from a certain fountain, for 999 years, the water wherewith that part of 
the City of Providence on the west side of the river is at present sop- 
plied. He was twice elected a member of the Legislature of Rhode 

* May 31, 1760, says the '' Memorial," which mast be a mistake, if the preceding 4m» 
are correct. 

tOf several inconsistencies in the notice of the family of Grindal Hawsod, this isoae. 
It is 8tHte<i in the " Memorial,*' pp 41-2, that Mrs. Nancy Rawson "died the year of b«r 
marriage, 1771, leaving one daughter;" and yet, on the same page, the birth o'f this "ob« 
daughter" is said to have taken place " Aug. 18, 1773," i. e. two years after the deatkof 
her mother 1 



149.] NaUem qf the De9emdanU of Secretary Bamm. 811 

Ind in 1760. His funeral sermon, preached bj his Pastor, Rev. 
■ejph Snow, Jr., was from the text, ^^ And devout men carried Stephen 
he burialj and made great lamentation over him ; * a (seemingly) 
IT appropriate text, inasmuch as the Deacons of the several reli^ous 
Mties in Providence officiated as pallbearers. The inscription on hb 
avestone is as follows ; 

kephen Bawson, Esq., died March 14, 1773, in the 50 year of his age.'' 
B was of a noted family of great reputation." 

H» wife Elizabeth died March 15, 1786, aged 66. Their children, 
ir in number, were, 

Simeon and Elliot, who both joined the Revolutionary Army, and died in 

I service; 

nizabeth. (94) 

Lodlla, married Seth Barton, brother of Gren. William Barton, and died 

1760, aged 21. 

87. rV. Paul Rawson, son of Wilson Rawson, Sen., bom April 
1725, married Phebe, daughter of Abel Gardner, of Nantucket, 
i settled in that town. He was master of a vessel, and was lost at 
I, inth all his crew, in 1772. His wife died.in 1793, aged 63. His 
^dren were, 

Blq>hen, bom Sept 29, 1761. (95) 
4beU " 1764. (96) 

Deborah, *" 1766. (97) 

Pliebe> died in 1783 ; Margaret, died in 1799 ; 
Wilson, bora in May, 1774. (98) 

M. lY. Thomas Rawson, youngest son and child of Wilson Raw- 
I, Sen., married, t 1st. Anna Waldron, about 1737, who died July 
1, 1783 ; 2d. Hannah Nelson, March 29, 1785. He settled in Men- 
p, bat passed the last years of his life in Milford, where he died July 
^ 1802, having had issue as follows : — 

William, bom Nov. 11, 1738, married Mary Aldrich; Priscilla, bom 

i!f22, 1740, married Ephraim Walker; Stephen, bom March 2, 1743, 

irried Silence Wood, settled in Townsend, Vt, was Deacon of the Charch 

■e, and died in 1827. 

Muhaniel, bora July 9, 1745. (99) 

fiftehael, «« March 6, 1747. (100) 

" M, •* May 8, 1749. (101) 

is, " May 6, 1751, married Joseph Carpenter, of Uxbridge; 

ine, bom May 20, 1757, died Oct. 1761 ; Pemal. (a daughter) bom 
12, 1760, died Oct. 1761 ; Frances, bora July 8, 1763. 

rV. Mary Dorr, eldest child of Rev. Joseph Dorr, by his 
Mary Rawson, bom June 6, 1725, married Rev. Moses Taft, 
kL 15, 1753. Mr. Taft, a native of Mendon, was bora July 20, 
u, f graduated at Harvard College in 1751, was ordamed Pastor of 

PAhb vni. s. 

hTbe date of his birth in the records of Mendon,'' (as given, onff, 8. Ill,) ** isprobablj 
Mnct," says the " Memorial,'* p. 45. 
IBnofds oY Harfund College. 



31S IfcHeei of the Deseendanti of Secretary Eenfffon. [Oct 

the Cbtirch m Randolph, as successor to Rev. Elisha Eaton, Aug. 26. 
1762, and continned in the ministry nntil his death, No7. 12, 1791. 
He had four sons, 

Moses, horn June 10, 1754, graduated at Harvard College in 1774^ was 
a Physician, and settled in Sudbury, Mass.; Eleazer, bom Oct. 11, 1755, 
graduated at Harvard in 1783, died at Exeter, N. H., in 1834; Josepl^ 
bom Aug. 15, 1756, graduated at Harvard in 1783 ; Phineas, bora Aa^ 
11, 1762, graduated at Harvard in 1789 ; and also four daughters, oneci 
whom married an Allen, one a French, one a Henshaw, and one Samnd 
Stetson, of Boston. 

40. rV. Hon. Joseph Dorr, eldest son of Eev. Joseph Dorr, ben 
May 24, 1730, graduated at Harvard College in 1752, studied Divimtfi 
and preached occasionally for several years. His exertions in the came 
of liberty were great and unceasing. He was one of the Commiaskifr 
ers chosen to wait upon the Mandamus Councillors of the County of 
Worcester, and to demand a surrender of their Commissions. Thiee 
hundred days of each year from 1773 to 1780 were devoted by him tt 
tfao public service without compensation. He was Town Clerk, Justies 
of uie Peace, a member of the Secret Committee, of the Committee c( 
Safety, and of the Committee of Correspondence, a member of the L^ 
islature, &c. After the War which resulted in our Independence, M 
was appointed a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and Judge of 
Probate, which offices were held by him until near the close of his fib. 
He died Oct. 31, 1808. By his wife, Catherine Bucknam, whom kt 
married Dec. 6, 1768, he had eight children, namely, 

Joseph, bom March 10, 17G0, died March 25, 17G9 ; Catherine, b« 
Aug. 17, 1770, died young ; 

Joseph Hawloy, born July 20. 1772. (102) 

Samuel, '* June 23, 1774. (103) 

Sarah, " Aug. 10, 1776, married Jonas Newell, of NeT 

Braintree, and died in 1823; Thomas Shepard, born Nov. 11, 1778, ma^^ 
ried a Parsons, and died Oct. 181 G; Mary, born Jan. 7, 1784, marriel 
Oliver Fox, Esq., of Fitchburg; Edward, bom Oct. 20, 1786, went SoaA| 
in 1815, and settled in Nova Iberia, Louisiana. He owned an Island at 
mouth of Trinity River, Texas, called Dorr's Island, where he was exl 
sively engaged in the breetling of horses and cattle. He died in April, 184XJ 

41. IV. Catherine Dorr, second daughter of Rev. Joseph 
bom March 8, 1732, married Rev. Ezekiel Emerson, March 27, 171 
Mr. Emerson was a native of Uxbridge, Mass., and in the summer 
1764 preached in Georgetown, Lincoln County, Maine, as a candi< 
for settlement. Soon receiving a call, he accepted thereof, was 
dained July 8, 1765, and " remained happily and peacefully with ' 
people for about fourteen yeai-s. At that period the Revolutic 
War rendered his situation unpleasant. The settlements on the 
and especially at the mouth of large rivers, were considered unsafe, 
expenses of thoiwar lay heavy on the people, and the depreciation 

♦Novw'b Complete List of the Con^rej^tional Ministers in the Count r of Kc 
Mass., in Amer. Quart Register, YIU. 45, 54. 



1849.] NsAoa qf the DescendanU of Secretary It4iws(m. 813 

ihe paper currency of the country made Mr. Emerson's nominal salary 
to be of little value. All these circumstances induced him to remove 
for a season. He accordmgly suspended his mimstrations at George- 
town, and, taking lus family, removed up the river to Norridgewock, 
where he remamed until May 1st, 1783. The country was then at 
peace, and taking the advice of a Council, he returned, resumed his 
ministerial labors in Georgetown, and continued to discharge them 
steadily and futhfully until the year 1810. At this time his mental 
powers became impaired to a considerable degree, and he found it nec- 
essary to retire from the ministry. He died Nov. 9th, 1815, at the 
age of 79 years," and is spoken of with marked respect, as an " excel- 
laU man,"* IGs children were 

Phebe, bom July 20, 1762. (104) 

Esekiel, "* July 6, 1765. (105) 

Hawley, ** Dec 7, 1766. (106) 

Calvin, ** Jan. 9, 1769. (107) 

Luther, ^ Sept. 26, 1772, graduated at Dartmouth College in 1799, 
married a Holden, practised Law in Sedgwick, Me., for some years, and 
removed to Ohio ; Eusebius, bom Aug. 24, 1774, married Mary Linen ; 

Susannah, bom Dec ld,*1776. (108) 

Mary, " July, 1778. (109) 

Elizabeth, ^ in May, 1780 ; died in July, 1789. 

42. rV. Priscilla Wood, only child of Samuel Wood, of Upton, by 
his wife Rachael Rawson, bora in 1718, married a Davis, who lived in 
ibat part of the town of Mendon which is now Milford. She died in 
December, 1802, having had ten children, as follows : 

Phineas, married and settled in Mendon ; Ebenezer, who was mortally 
wounded at the battle of White Plains ; 

Samuel, bom April 1, 1752. (110) 

Aaron, served in the Continental Army in his youth, settled first in Sur- 
ry, N. H., and afterwards in Wardsboro', Yt., and was a millwright ; Jane, 
married and settled in Springfield, Oswego County, N. Y. ; 

PaoL (111) 

Lois; 

Eunice. (112) 

Eleanor, married Daniel Hayward ; Dinah. 

48. rV. Edbiund Grindal Rawson, eldest son and child of Rev. 
Grindal Rawson, Jr., graduated at Yale College m 1759, studied Di- 
Tinity, and preached occasionally. He married, in 1768, Sarah, daugh- 
ter (^ Christopher Holmes, a Deacon m his father's Church, and lived 
in the house which was owned and occupied by his father. He died in 
the 85ih year of his age, having had issue, 

CSiarles Chauncy, died in Bermuda, aged 19 ; John Wilson, died aged 9 
years; Thomas Hooker, married Melinda Bingham, was a Physician, and 
practised In New Haven a few years, whence he removed to Geneva Co., 
K* T., where his descendants reside ; Edmund Grindal, bom Jan. 26, 1772, 
married Maria Van Buren, of Einderhook, N. Y., May 11, 1794, was a 

• QtwaUaTB Ecclesiastical History of the State of Maine, pp. 79—81 ; Williamson's 
Biilorj of Maine, (new impression, Sto. Hallowell, 1839,) ii., 89, note. 

20 



814 NoUee9 of ihe De%cendanU of Stereiafy Baiwwi^ [Oct. 

Physician, settled in Broadalbin, N. Y., and died Nov. 28, 1847 ; Dorothy 
Blanchard, died aged % jears ; Ozias Holmes, a Physician in New York, 
died aged 24; Joseph Perne, died aged 26; Sarah Andrews, married OU- 
ver Usher, of Hartford, Conn., and removed to Macon, Georgia ; Dorothy 
Nichols, lives at Macon, Gra. ; Catharine Channcy, married George Palmer, 
i